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Wyoming Valley 

Biographical, Genealogical, and Historical. 

Sketches of the Bench and Bar 




"There be of them that have left a name behind them, that their praises might be reported. 

And some there be which have no memorial ; who are perished as though they had never been ; 
and are become as though they had never been born ; and their children after them." — Ecclesiasticus 
(Apocrypha) XL1V: 8-Q. 





• •* • • 

» • • 

• • • 

Copyright, 1890, by 

E. B. Vordy, Pkjnter, 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 


v :-:.v. :••>♦: 

•• • 





a grand-daughter of that hero of wyoming, 

Sergeant Thomas Williams, 

this volume is respectfully dedicated by 

The Author. 


The volumes of which this is the third and last, are records of 
the lives of the resident members of the Luzerne county bar, of its 
law judges and the associate or lay judges who have sat upon the 
Luzerne bench. In fact, they not only warrant, but in common 
justice demand, the title that has been given them — "Families of 
the Wyoming Valley." In collating faithfully the incidents of 
moment in the careers of those who have practiced the profession 
of the law in Luzerne county, and of the judges of its courts, and 
in giving such attention as was possible and proper to the gene- 
alogies in each case, the author has, of necessity, had to deal with 
practically every family of note in the Wyoming valley, and has 
brought into review almost every prominent fact in their history 
and in the history of the valley itself. He has in this way been 
enabled to cover many matters not heretofore reduced to print, 
and to throw fresh light upon others many times and much dis- 
cussed. He believes and contends, in brief, that no study of the 
history of the valley can be esteemed to even approach complete- 
ness that does not include a careful reading of these books, an 
insistance that will be found to be fully justified by the merest 
reference to the exhaustive analytical index appended to this 

As to the gentlemen of the bar, reviewing the list from the 
date of the organization of the Luzerne county courts, May 27, 
1787, shows that from then on to the date of the last admission 
herein recorded, there has been a total of four hundred and 
eighty-seven members, of whom one hundred and sixty-five are 
deceased, one hundred and sixty-three are non-residents and one 
hundred and fifty-nine are still with us, a rather remarkably equal 
division, by the way. 

Of the ten president judges, eight are dead and two living. Of 
the six additional law judges, one only is dead and five are living. 
The only separate Orphans' Court judge we have had is still in 
service. Of the thirty-five associate or lay judges, but two sur- 
vive, thirty-three having been called to that Higher Court from 

vi Preface. 

whose decrees there is no appeal. The larger proportion of 
deaths among these latter has no special significance, as might 
at first glance appear to be the case, since it was generally the 
fact that the men were already well advanced in years when chosen 
to the position. The last associate judge for the county was 
elected in 1871, the practice of having lay judges on the bench in 
counties constituting separate judicial districts having ceased with 
the passage of the first judicial apportionment under the new con- 

The total of judges and lawyers dead and living, resident and 
non-resident, is five hundred and thirty-nine ; and as giving some 
idea how busy death has been in the ranks of the number, it 
may be stated that fifty have departed this life since the work of 
compiling these volumes was begun in 1881. 

Since compiling' our list of lawyers at the end of this volume 
two members of the bar have deceased — Caleb E. Wright, De- 
cember 2, 1889, and William J. Hughes, December 30, 1889. 
One attorney has been admittd — E. F. McHugh, November 23, 

Nine Luzerne lawyers have abandoned the profession to take 
places in the pulpit. Of these, four became Protestant Episcopal 
ministers, one finally rising to the dignity of a bishopric, three 
preached in the Methodist Episcopal church, one in the Presby- 
terian and one in the Baptist. Popular prejudice will stand sur- 
prised to learn that a calling, the practices of which are so per- 
sistently ascribed to satanic influences, has contributed thus liber- 
ally to the grand army marshalled for the overthrow of its alleged 

To the armies of the country the Luzerne bar has given more 
than her quota. She had two soldiers in the revolution, two in 
the war of 1812, and ten in the Mexican war. To the forces 
whose energies won in the civil war of 1861-65, she contributed 
five generals, three colonels, one lieutenant colonel, three majors, 
twelve captains, ten lieutenants and twenty-three privates, while 
three others served in the navy. 

In high civic offices she has had one United States senator, 
sixteen congressmen, two governors, two attorneys general, one 
minister in the diplomatic service, four judges of the Supreme 

Preface. vii 

Court, two judges of United States Courts and eleven judges of 
Common Pleas Courts in other counties or states, in addition to 
ten law judges she has furnished our own bench. 

While this volume also deals with a few of our lawyers whose 
careers at the bar have, in effect, only just begun, it takes on a 
special interest in the fact that its pages record : 

First. An outline history of the Connecticut- Pennsylvania con- 
troversy as to the possession of the territory of which what is 
now Luzerne county, once formed a part, and of the final official 
organization of the county and the leading details thereof, as also 
a complete list of the officials during the years that it remained 
under the jurisdiction of Connecticut as the town of Westmore- 
land, in the county of Litchfield, and afterwards as Westmoreland 
county, of that state. 

Second. Biographical sketches, so far as they were obtainable, 
of the deceased justices and judges of the courts who were not 
members of the Luzerne bar previous to their becoming justices 
or judges, or if members, were not treated in the first or second 
volumes in the order of their admission to practice ; of deceased 
associate judges or judges unlearned in the law, and of deceased 
lawyers. In this category are many notable men, among them 
Burnside, Bidlack, Catlin, Collins, Conyngham, Gibson, Griffin, 
Jessup, Jones, Ketcham, Mallery, Wilmot, Woodward, Wright and 
others, whose names .and deeds became widely known and whose 
characters and abilities exerted marked influence upon the affairs 
amid which they lived, and who are still remembered and revered. 

Third. A carefully compiled series of pages, twelve in all, cov- 
ering additions to, and alterations and corrections of the several 
biographies in the three volumes, rendered necessary, either by 
events occuring subsequently to the original writings, or mistakes 
discovered or further information secured after they were put to 

Fourth. A list of deceased president judges, additional law 
judges, associate judges, non-resident members of the bar, living 
judges and resident lawyers of Luzerne county, with the place 
and date of birth, date of admission or commission, the date of 
death of those deceased and the present location of those non- 
resident. This detailed information is given in all save a compar- 

viii Preface. 

atively few instances, where the most careful search and diligent 
inquiry failed to secure it. 

Fifth. An analytical index to the entire three volumes of all 
the names mentioned in each of the biographies and all the 
notable facts and incidents therein recorded. Much labor and 
pains were expended in preparing this latter compilation and its 
usefulness for reference purposes will be apparent at a glance. 

The biographer feels that the volume thus constituted brings 
the accomplishment of his purpose to a state as near complete- 
ness as, with the materials at hand, was possible of attainment. 
The three books represent the fruits of many months' of hard 
work, including a correspondence that has reached to every cor- 
ner of the country and even into foreign countries; a tedious and 
sometimes exasperating scrutiny of musty records, and persistent 
application to and patient waiting upon many men who, while 
being the only attainable sources of necessary information, were, 
from pressure of their own personal matters, indifference to this 
one or other cause, vexatiously slow incoming to the responsive 
mood. To many of these, however, he is under great obligations, 
since but for their aid, no matter how tardily accorded, much 
interesting and important data now set down in these fourteen 
hundred pages could not have been secured. But wearisome as 
the task has sometimes been; and slender as must be the money 
reward for the time and labor bestowed, there has been no small 
satisfaction in the doing of it, and there is more in the reflection 
that it is now finished. The pride of authorship is something. 
Much as most of those who write books may affect to be above 
that sort of pride, it may safely be set down as the principal im- 
pelling force in a majority of cases, and unfortunately, in a very 
larger number, it is about the only recompense. There is reward, 
also, of no mean proportion in the knowledge that a duty when 
once undertaken has been performed with righteous earnestness 
and to the exhaustion of every- source from which assistance 
could be secured. But in this instance, that upon which the 
writer chiefly congratulates himself is the fact that he knows he 
has saved and set down in fair order many facts and circumstances 
essential to a proper rounding out of the recorded history of a 
famous valley and a great county that, save for his efforts, might 

Preface. ix 

forever have been lost, and that he has paid merited though often 
feebly worded tribute to many good men whose deserving might 
not otherwise have been properly made known to the generations 
that are to come. To some extent these books must have a 
value as part of the general history of the state and country. To 
the descendants and friends of those whose lives are sketched in 
them, they should, and in most cases probably will be, regarded 
as possessing a special value. If time shall even measurably 
justify these beliefs and expectations, the biographer will feel that 
he has been amply compensated. 

In glancing over the pages of the three volumes we discover 
a few serious typographical and grammatical errors. We hope 
our readers will kindly overlook them. 

For valuable assistance rendered in connection with our labors, 
we are indebted to Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden (who wrote the 
sketches under the head of Charles Miner Conyngham, William 
LaFayette Raeder and Paul Ross Weitzell), Sheldon Reynolds, 
Hon. Steuben Jenkins, C. Ben Johnson, W. H. Egle, M. D., 
Eugene T. Giering and Harry R. Deitrick. 

Wilkes-Barre, Pa., February, 1890. 



By an Act of the General Assembly of the Commonwealth of 
Pennsylvania passed September 25, 1786, the county of Luzerne 
was formed, and embraced the greater portion of the lands settled 
by the New England emigrants. Prior to that time it was a por- 
tion of Northumberland county, Pa. While under the jurisdic- 
tion of Connecticut it was a portion of the town of Westmoreland, 
attached to the county of Litchfield, Conn., subsequently the 
county of Westmoreland, Conn. As claimed by Connecticut, 
Westmoreland was sixty by one hundred and twenty miles 
square, embracing over seven thousand square miles. This ter- 
ritory included the principal parts of the counties of Bradford, 
Clearfield, Columbia, Elk, Lackawanna, Luzerne, McKean, Mon- 
tour and Wyoming; smaller portions of Centre, Northumberland, 
Susquehanna and Union, and the whole of Cameron, Lycoming, 
Potter, Sullivan and Tioga. It has a present population of one 
million souls. This is a goodly domain, and would have made 
a state larger in area and with a greater population than the 
present state of Connecticut. Three companies of troops were 
raised here for the continental establishment, and were part of the 
Twenty-fourth Regiment of the Connecticut line. This territory 
was claimed by both the states of Pennsylvania and Connecticut. 
The governor of Connecticut issued his proclamation forbidding 
any settlement in Westmoreland except under authority* from 
Connecticut. About the same time the governor of Pennsylvania 
issued his proclamation, prohibiting all persons from settling on 
the disputed lands except under the authority of the proprietaries. 
In 1774 Zebulon Butler and Nathan Denison were commissioned 
under Connecticut as justices of the peace of the county of Litch- 

1 040 County of Luzerne. 

field, with authority to organize the town. In March, 1774, the 
whole people of Westmoreland, being legally warned, met and 
organized the town, and chose selectmen, a treasurer, constables, 
collector of taxes, surveyor of highways, fence viewers, listers, 
leather sealers, grand jurors, tything men, sealer of weights and 
measures and key keepers. Eight town meetings were held in 
the year 1774. The conflict in title gave rise to numerous con- 
tests, in many instances leading to fatal results, and is known in 
history as the Pennamite and Yankee war. Promptly on the 
appearance of peace, after the surrender of Cornwallis at York- 
town, Pennsylvania, by petition of her president and executive 
council, prayed congress to appoint commissioners "to constitute 
a court for hearing and determining the matter in question agree- 
ably to the ninth article of the confederation." Commissioners 
were appointed and met at Trenton, N. J., November 19, 1782. 
On December 30, 1782, they pronounced the following judgment: 
"We are unanimously of opinion that the state of Connecticut 
has no right to the land in controversy. We are also unani- 
mously of opinion that the jurisdiction and preemption of all the 
territory lying within the charter boundary of Pennsylvania and 
now claimed by the state of Connecticut do of right belong to 
the state of Pennsylvania." The Trenton decree settled the legal 
right as to the jurisdiction of Pennsylvania. Clear, comprehen- 
sive and explicit, Pennsylvania was satisfied, and Connecticut 
submitted without breathing a sigh for the loss of so noble a 
domain, the right to which she had so strenuously maintained, 
or a murmur at a decision which seemed to the surrounding 
world so extraordinary. With the close of the year 1782, and 
the Trenton decree, the jurisdiction of Connecticut ceased, and 
the cheerful and salutary town meetings were no longer holden. 
While Luzerne county, or more properly Westmoreland, was 
under the jurisdiction of Connecticut, she sent the following per- 
sons*as representatives to the Connecticut legislature, which met 
at Hartford and New Haven : 

1774. Zebulon Butler, Timothy Smith, Christopher Avery, 
John Jenkins. 

1775. Captain Zebulon Butler, Joseph Sluman, Major Ezekial 

County of Luzerne. 1041 

1776. John Jenkins, Captain Solomon Strong, Colonel Zebu- 
Ion Butler, Colonel Nathan Denison. 

1777. John Jenkins, Isaac Tripp. 

1778. Nathan Denison, Anderson Dana, Lieutenant Asahel 

1779. Nathan Denison, Deacon John Hurlbut. 

1780. John Hurlbut, Jonathan Fitch, Nathan Denison. 

1 78 1. John Hurlbut, Jonathan Fitch, Obadiah Gore, Captain 
John Franklin. 

1782. Obadiah Gore, Jonathan Fitch. 

From 1772 to 1775 the following persons were justices of the 
peace of Litchfield county : John Smith, Thomas Moffitt, Isaac 
Baldwin, John Jenkins, Zebulon Butler, Nathan Denison, Silas 
Parks, Bushnall Bostick, Joseph Sluman, Increase Moseley, John 
Sherman, Uriah Chapman. Joseph Sluman and John Sherman 
were judges of probate, as was Nathan Denison, of Westmore- 
land county. 

In 1776 Jonathan Fitch was commissioned sheriff of Westmore- 
land county. The same year John Jenkins was appointed judge 
of the county court in and for the county of Westmoreland. On 
June 1, 1778, Governor Jonathan Trumbull appointed the follow- 
ing named persons justices of the peace for the county of West- 
moreland : Nathan Denison, Christopher Avery, Obadiah Gore, 
Zera Beach, Zebulon Butler, William McKarrican, Asaph Whitt- 
lesey, Uriah Chapman, Anderson Dana, Ebenezer Marcy, Stephen 
Harding, John Franklin, 2d, Joseph Hambleton, and William 
Judd. Of the foregoing, Nathan Denison, Christopher Avery, 
Obadiah Gore and Zera Beach were appointed to assist the judges 
of Westmoreland. Other justices of the peace were appointed as 
follows : Caleb Bates, Zebulon Marcy, John Hurlbut, Nathaniel 
Landon, Abel Pierce, Hugh Fordsman, John Franklin, John Vin- 
cent, John Jenkins. In 1781 Nathan Denison was judge of West- 
moreland county. The above contains the names of the officers of 
Litchfield and Westmoreland counties. There were probably 
others, but we are unable to ascertain who they were. The only 

lawyers in Westmoreland were Anderson Dana and Bullock. 

As they were both killed in the battle and massacre of Wyoming, 
Lieutenant John Jenkins was appointed by the court state's at- 

1042 County of Luzerne. 

torney. The fourth section of the act incorporating Luzerne 
county provided: "That Courts of Common Pleas and General 
Quarter Sessions of the Peace to be holden in and for the said 
county of Luzerne shall be opened and held on the Tuesday suc- 
ceeding the Tuesday on which the court of Northumberland is 
held in each and every term hereafter ; and that the Court of 
Quarter Sessions shall sit three days at each sessions and no 
longer, and shall be held at the house of Zebulon Butler, in the 
town of Wilkesburg, in the said county of Luzerne, until a court 
house shall be built, as hereafter directed, in the said county, 
which said courts shall then be holden and kept at the said court 
house on the days and times before mentioned." Section ninth 
of said act provided "That Zebulon Butler, Nathaniel Landen, 
Jonah Rogers, John Philips and Simon Spawlding are hereby ap- 
pointed trustees for the said county of Luzerne, and they, or any 
three of them, shall take assurances of and for a piece of land 
situated in some convenient place in or near Wilkesburg, within 
the said county of Luzerne, for the seat of a court house and of 
a county gaol or prison for the said county, in the name of the 
commonwealth, in trust and for the use and benefit of the said 
county of Luzerne, and thereupon to erect a court house and 
prison sufficient to accommodate the public service of the said 
county. On May 27, 1787, William Hooker Smith, Benjamin 
Carpenter and James Nesbitt, Esqs., justices of the county Court 
of Common Pleas for Luzerne county, convened at the dwelling 
house of Zebulon Butler, in Wilkes-Barre (corner of River and 
Northampton streets, on the site of the residence of Hon. Stanley 
Woodward), in the said county, when and where the following 
proceedings were had : 

Proclamation having been made by the sheriff of said county 
commanding all persons to keep silence, there were read : 

I. The commissions issued by the supreme executive council 
of Pennsylvania to the said William Hooker Smith, Benjamin 
Carpenter and James Nesbit, and also to Timothy Pickering, 
Obadiah Gore, Nathan Kingsley and Matthias Hollenback, con- 
stituting them justices of the county Court of Common Pleas for 
the said county. 

II. The dedimus potcstatum to Timothy Pickering and Na- 

County of Luzerne. 1043 

than Denison, Esqs., issued by the supreme executive council, 
empowering them to administer the oaths to persons who were 
or should be commissioned in said county. 

III. Then William Hooker Smith, Benjamin Carpenter and 
James Nesbit, Esqs., took the oaths of allegiance and of office, 
and justices of the peace and of the county Court of Common 
Pleas for said county (as required by the constitution of Pennsyl- 
vania), before Timothy Pickering, Esq., impowered as aforesaid 
to administer them. 

IV. The Court of Common Pleas was then opened and Joseph 
Sprague appointed crier. 

V. Then were read the other commissions granted to Timothy 
Pickering, Esq., by the supreme executive council, constituting 
him prothonotary of said Court of Common Pleas, clerk of the 
peace, clerk of the Orphans' Court, register for the probate of wills 
and granting letters of administration, and recorder of deeds for 
said county. 

VI. The court, upon application to them made, admitted and 
appointed Ebenezer Bowman, Putnam Catlin, Rosewell Welles and 
William Nichols (the latter being a non-resident) to be attorneys 
of the same court, who were accordingly sworn. 

VII. Then appeared Lord Butler, Esq., sheriff of the same 
county, and petitioned the court to take some order relative to 
the erection of a jail within the said county, whereupon it is or- 
dered that he immediately apply to the trustees for that purpose 
appointed, and request them to execute the powers granted them 
by the law of the state so far as respects the erection of a county 

The next regular term of court was held September 5, 1787, 
and was presided over by Justices Obadiah Gore, Matthias Hol- 
lenback, William Hooker Smith, Benjamin Carpenter, James Nes- 
bit and Nathan Kingsley. Courts were continued to be held by 
the justices until the changes wrought by the constitution of 1790 
and subsequent legislation. 

1044 Timothy Pickering. 


Timothy Pickering, who was appointed a justice of the Court 
of Common Pleas of Luzerne county, Pa., October 12, 1786, was 
the great-great-grandson of John Pickering, who came from 
England and settled in Salem, Mass., in 1642. Timothy Pick- 
ering was born in Salem July 17, 1745. He was graduated at 
Harvard College in 1763, and soon afterward became a clerk to 
John Higginson, register of deeds for the county of Essex, Mass. 
In 1768 he was admitted to the bar. From 1770 to 1777 he 
served at different times in most of the municipal offices in Salem, 
and on the committees of correspondence, inspection and safety. 
In August, 1774, he, with other members of the committee of 
correspondence, was arrested at the instance of Governor Gage 
for calling a town meeting on public grievances, but in Septem- 
ber the magistrate who had issued the warrant for the arrest re- 
called it, being alarmed by the unpopularity of his act. In 1775 
Mr. Pickering was appointed one of the judges of the Court of 
Common Pleas for the county of Essex, and sole judge of the 
prize court for the middle district, composed of Suffolk, Essex 
and Middlesex. In the autumn of 1776, the army under Gen- 
eral Washington being greatly reduced in numbers, a large re- 
enforcement of militia was called for and Mr. Pickering, who 
then held a commission as colonel, took the command of the 
regiment of seven hundred men, furnished from the county of 
Essex. On this tour of duty, which terminated in March, 1777, 
at Boundbrook, N. J., he had interviews with General Washing- 
ton, and in May he was invited by him to take the office of ad- 
jutant general, which he at first declined, but afterward accepted. 
In this capacity he was with Washington in the battles of Brandy- 
wine and Germantown. In November congress elected him a 
member of the continental board of war, in which office he served 
until August 5, 1780, when congress by a unanimous vote elected 
him quartermaster-general as successor to General Greene. He 
continued in this station until July 25, 1785, when the office was 
abolished. He was present during the siege of Yorktown in 

Timothy Pickering. 1045 

1 78 1, and at the surrender of Cornwallis. On the return of 
peace he engaged in business in Philadelphia as a commission 
merchant. In 1786, having been invited to assist in composing 
the controversy between the state of Pennsylvania and certain 
emigrants from Connecticut, who had settled an extensive tract 
of land in the valley of Wyoming, and at the same time to or- 
ganize the new county of Luzerne, embracing a great part of 
the territory in dispute, he removed to Wilkes-Barre with the 
understanding that he was authorized to give assurances that the 
legislature would quiet in their possessions a certain class of the 
Connecticut settlers. An act was passed accordingly, and his 
efforts as a peacemaker promised a successful result, but the leg- 
islature proved inconstant, and by first suspending and then re- 
pealing the act, increased the acrimony and strength of the dis- 
contented settlers. Their leader, John Franklin, having been ar- 
rested for high treason, some of his adherents, with the hope of 
obtaining his release, retaliated on Colonel Pickering on June 26, 
1788, by entering his house at night and carrying him into the 
woods, where they detained him for nineteen days. On October 
12, 1786, he was appointed prothonotary, clerk of the Orphans' 
Court, Quarter Sessions and Oyer and Terminer, register of wills 
and recorder of deeds of Luzerne county, and on May 24, 1787, 
one of the commissioners to examine the Connecticut claims. 
In 1787 he was the delegate from Luzerne county to the Penn- 
sylvania convention for acting upon the proposed constitution of 
the United States, and was earnestly in favor of its adoption. In 
1789 he was the delegate from this county to the convention for 
revising the constitution of Pennsylvania. Under appointments 
from President Washington he made satisfactory treaties with 
the Six nations collectively, and with some of them severally, in 
1790, '91 and '94, and in 1793 he was joined with General Lin- 
coln and Beverly Randolph in a commission to negotiate with 
the hostile Indians north-west of the Ohio, but the manoeuvres of 
Simcoe,governorof Canada, prevented a meeting with those tribes. 
In 1792 he returned with his family to Philadelphia, having in 
August of the preceding year been appointed postmaster-general. 
On January 2, 1795, he was transferred to the office of secretary 
of war, and on December 12 to that of secretary of state. This 

1046 Matthias Hollenback. 

position he held during the remainder of Washington's adminis- 
tration, and for more than three years under President Adams, 
who removed him from office May 12, 1800. He now retired 
to his wild lands in Harmony township, Luzerne (now Susque- 
hanna) county, with the intention of bringing a portion of them 
into cultivation, but his friends in Massachusetts joined in the 
purchase of a large proportion of his lands in order to enable 
and induce him to return to his native state. In 1801 he re- 
moved to Massachusetts and subsequently purchased a farm in 
Wenham, near Salem. In 1802 he was appointed chief justice 
of the Court of Common Pleas for the county of Essex. In 1803 
he was elected a senator in congress for the residue of the term 
of Dwight Foster, who had resigned, and in 1805 he was re- 
elected for the term of six years. After the commencement of 
hostilities against Great Brittain in 18 12, he was appointed a 
member of the Massachusetts board of war. From 1813 to 18 17 
he was a member of the United States house of representatives. 
In politics he was a federalist, and ardently opposed to some of 
the leading measures of the administrations of Jefferson and 
Madison. In religion he was a Unitarian. He married, April 
8, 1776, Rebecca White, who was born in Bristol, England, July 
18, 1754. For the main facts connected with the life of Colonel 
Pickering we are indebted to Appleton's American Cyclopedia. 
Colonel Pickering died in Salem January 29, 1829. 



Matthias Hollenback was appointed a justice of the Court of 
Common Pleas of Luzerne county, Pa., May 11, 1787. He was 
also appointed, August 17, 1791, one of the judges of the Court 
of Common Pleas under the constitution of 1790. For a sketch 
of his life see article headed Harrison Wright. 

Obadiah Gore. 1047 


William Hooker Smith was appointed a justice of the Court of 
Common Pleas of Luzerne county, Pa, May 11, 1787. (See 
page 219). 


Benjamin Carpenter was appointed a justice of the Court of 
Common Pleas of Luzerne county, Pa., May 11, 1787. He rep- 
resented Luzerne county in the legislature of the state in 1794. 
One of his daughters became the first wife of Jacob Bedford, and 
another was the wife of Lazarus Denison. He came to Wyom- 
ing from Orange county, N. Y., and subsequently removed to 
Sunbury, Delaware county, Ohio, where he became an asso- 
ciate judge. 


James Nesbitt was appointed a justice of the Court of Com- 
mon Pleas of Luzerne county, Pa , May 1 1, .1787. For a sketch 
of his life see page 507. 


Obadiah Gore was appointed a justice of the Court of Common 
Pleas of Luzerne county, Pa., May 11, 1787. He was also ap- 
pointed, August 17, i79i,one of the judges of the Court of Com- 
mon Pleas under the constitution of 1790. For a sketch of his 
life see page 435. 

1048 Nathan Kingsley. 


Nathan Kingsley, who was appointed one of the justices of the 
Court of Common Pleas of Luzerne county, Pa., May 1 1, 1787, 
was the oldest son of Salmon Kingsley. He was born in Scot- 
land, Windham county, Conn., January 23, 1743. He came to 
Wyoming about 1772 or 1773, and was one of the original pro- 
prietors of Springfield, Luzerne (now Bradford) county, Pa. On 
August 8, 1776, he was appointed one of the committee of in- 
spection of the county of Westmoreland. About the latter part 
of the year 1777 he was captured by the Indians and remained 
a prisoner nearly a year. While in captivity he secured the friend- 
ship and confidence of the Indians by his skill in doctoring their 
horses. He was in consequence allowed considerable liberty, and 
permitted to go into the woods to gather herbs and roots for his 
medicines. Seizing a favorable opportunity he made his escape 
and reached Wyoming in safety. During his captivity his family 
found a home with Jonathan Slocum, of Wilkes-Barre. Here 
his son, Nathan, was killed and another son carried into capti- 
vity by the Indians. Mr. Miner gives the account as follows : 
"A respectable neighbor, Nathan Kingsley, had been made pris- 
oner, and taken into the Indian country, leaving his wife and two 
sons to the charity of the neighbors. Taking them home, Mr. 
Slocum bade them welcome until Mr. Kingsley should be liber- 
ated or some other mode of subsistence present. On November 
2, 1778, the two boys being engaged in grinding a knife, a rifle 
shot and cry of distress brought Mrs. Slocum to the door, where 
she beheld an Indian scalping Nathan, the eldest lad, with the 
knife he had been sharpening. Waving her back with his hand 
he entered the house and took up Ebenezer Slocum, a little boy. 
The mother stepped up to the savage, and reaching for the child, 
said : ' He can do you no good ; see, he is lame.' " As a matter 
of fact, Ebenezer Slocum may have been lame at that time, but 
never afterwards. He settled in what is now Scranton, and from 
him and his brother, Benjamin Slocum, the place took its name 

Nathan Kingslev. 1049 

of Slocum Hollow. "With a grim smile the Indian gave up the 
boy and took Francis, her daughter, aged about five years, gently 
in his arms, and seizing the younger Kingsley by the hand, hur- 
ried away to the mountains, two savages who were with him 
taking a black girl, seventeen years old. This was within one 
hundred rods of Wilkes-Barre fort. An alarm was instantly 
given, but the Indians eluded pursuit and no trace of their re- 
treat could be found." (See page 340). At the close of the war 
Mr. Kingsley returned to his old home in Wyalusing. His wife 
and one son, Wareham, had survived the perils of the war, and 
now he enjoyed a few years of quiet and comfort. He resigned 
his justiceship in a letter dated January 14, T790, addressed to 
the president of the supreme executive council, as follows : 

" Nathan Kingsley, of the county of Luzerne, commissioned 
one of the judges of the Court of Quarter Sessions and Common 
Pleas, for the county aforesaid, finding it impracticable many times 
by reason of high water to attend courts and living sixty miles 
from the county town, joined to the smallness of the fees allowed 
him in this behalf, is obliged, from necessity, to inform council 
that he cannot, in future, serve in his aforementioned capacity. 
Were his abode nearer than what it is at present to the county 
town, he would not think of resigning his office, but would con- 
tinue in it with pleasure and satisfaction. The fall and spring 
sessions happen at a time when the waters are high, and of con- 
sequence, make his travelling not only expensive but very diffi- 
cult and dangerous. The time of attending, coming to and re- 
turning from courts takes up so considerable a part of the sea- 
sons of summer and fall that he is obliged to neglect his agri- 
cultural pursuits to the singular injury of this interest. From 
these considerations he desires council to accept his resignation 
and take such other order in directing the choice of another 
judge in his district as to them shall seem meet." 

Nathan Kingsley. 

His resignation was accepted February 1, 1790. Mr. Kings- 
ley is described as a large, tall man, of more than ordinary in- 
telligence, deeply interested in the prosperity of the community 
and the development of the country. He died in the state of 
Ohio in 1822. Prof. James L. Kingsley, of Yale College, was 
his nephew. 

1050 Ebenezer Bowman. 


Rosewcll Welles, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., May 27, 1787, was the son of Captain Jonathan 
Welles, of Glastonbury, Conn., who was of the fifth generation 
from Governor Thomas Welles, of Connecticut. The wife of 
Captain Jonathan Welles was Catharine, daughter of Captain 
Roswell Saltonstall, of Bradford, Conn., the eldest son of Gov- 
ernor Saltonstall, of Connecticut. Rosewell Welles was born at 
Glastonbury, August 20, 1761. It is said that he graduated from 
Yale College in 1784. He emigrated to Wilkes-Barre in 1786. 
On April 26, 1793, he was appointed one of the judges of Luzerne 
county. About 1800 he commanded a regiment of Pennsylvania 
militia. From 1807 to 18 10 he was one of the trustees of the 
Wilkes-Barre Academy. On December 14, 1820, he was ap- 
pointed by Governor Findlay a justice of the peace for the 
borough and township of Wilkes-Barre, and part of the town- 
ship of Covington. His wife was Hannah, eldest daughter of 
Colonel Zebulon Butler. Mr. Welles died in Wilkes-Barre March 
19, 1830. For further facts concerning the history and ancestry 
of Rosewell Welles see pages 119 and 660. 


Ebenezer Bowman is the first name on the list of lawyers ad- 
mitted at the first session of the courts of Luzerne county, Pa., 
May 2j, 1787. He was a descendant of Nathaniel Bowman, who 
is on the earliest list of proprietors (February, 1636-7) "then in- 
habiting" Watertown, Massachusetts. He moved from there to 
Cambridge Farms, Lexington, where he died January 26, 168 1. 
Francis Bowman, son of Ebenezer Bowman, was admitted a free- 
man in 1652, and on September 26, 1661, married Martha Sher- 
man, a daughter of Captain John Sherman, who was born in 
Dedham, county of Essex, England, in 1613, came to America 

Putnam Catlin. 105 1 

in 1634, admitted freeman May 17, 1637, a land surveyor, se- 
lectman very many times from 1637 to 1680, town clerk 1648, 
and afterwards representative 165 1, 1653, 1663. He was chosen 
ensign 1654, and was steward of Harvard College 1662. Captain 
Joseph Bowman, son of Francis Bowman, was a justice of the 
peace of Lexington. He died April 8, 1762, aged eighty-eight 
years. Captain Thaddeus Bowman, son of Captain Joseph Bow- 
man, was born September 2, 17 12, at Lexington. He married, 
February 8, 1753, his second wife, Sybil Woolson, then of Lex- 
ington, widow of Isaac Woolson, of Weston. Her maiden name 
was Rooper, and it is probable that she was a daughter of 
Ephraim and Sybil Rooper, or Roper, of Sudbury. He died in 
New Braintree May 26, 1806. Ebenezer Bowman, tenth child of 
Captain Thaddeus Bowman, was born July 3, 1757. He gradu- 
ated at Harvard College in 1782. He was in the battles of Lex- 
ington and Bunker Hill. He studied law with Samuel Sitgreaves, 
at Easton, Pa., and settled in Wilkes-Barre about 1789. He mar- 
ried, in New York, November 10, 1796, Esther Ann Watson, who 
was born in Ireland. He died March I, 1829, and his widow 
died July 21, 1848. Ebenezer Bowman was one of the trustees 
of the Wilkes-Barre Academy from 1807 until his death, and for 
five years was president of the board. He represented Luzerne 
county in the legislature of the state in 1793. 


Putnam Catlin, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., May 27, 1787, was a descendant of Thomas Catlin, a native 
of Wales, who was a resident of Hartford, Conn., as early as 
1644. He had a son John Catlin, who had a son Samuel Catlin, 
who had a son John Catlin. Eli Catlin, son of John Catlin, was 
the father of Putnam Catlin. Eli Catlin enlisted in the revolu- 
tionary war as lieutenant in the Second Connecticut Regiment 
in January, 1777, coming out as captain. Captain Catlin came 
to Pennsylvania from Connecticut probably in 1789. He died at 

1052 Abraham Bradley. 

Hopbottom, Susquehanna county, Pa., March 13, 1820. His 
wife, Elizabeth Catlin {nee Way), mother of Putnam Catlin, died 
April 4, 1796, and is buried at Litchfield, Conn. Putnam Catlin 
was born at Litchfield April 5, 1764. At the time his father, 
Eli Catlin, entered the service of the colonies, Putnam Catlin en- 
listed with him in the same company and regiment. He served 
until June 9, 1783. He was fife major of his regiment, and re- 
ceived a "badge of merit." He read law with Uriah Tracy, at 
Litchfield, in the years from 1783 to 1786, and was admitted to 
the bar the latter year. He removed to Pennsylvania in the 
spring of 1787, settling in Wilkes-Barre, and in 1789 he married 
Polly Sutton, daughter of James and Sarah Sutton. (See page 
213.) In consequence of failing health, a result of arduous ser- 
vices at the bar, Mr. Catlin removed with his family from Wilkes- 
Barre, in 1797, to a farm in Ona-qua-gua valley, now Windsor, 
Broome county, N. Y., about fifty miles from this city. Here he 
lived until 1808, when he sold his farm and bought one at Hop- 
bottom. In 18 1 3 the Hopbottom post office was established, 
with Putnam Catlin as postmaster. Here he remained until 18 18, 
when he removed to Montrose, Pa. After residing until 1821 at 
Montrose, he removed to a farm at Great Bend, Pa., where he 
died in 1842. Mrs. Catlin died at Delta, Oneida county, N. Y., 
July 15, 1844. 


Abraham Bradley, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., September 2, 1788, was a descendent of Stephen 
Bradley, who emigrated from England about 1660, and settled in 
Guilford, Conn., where he died, June 20, 1702, aged about sixty 
years. Abraham Bradley, son of Stephen Bradley, was born in 
Guilford May 13, 1675, and died April 20, 1721. His wife was 
Jane Learning. Abraham Bradley, son of Abraham Bradley, 
was born July 26, 1702, graduated at Yale College, and died in 
1 77 1. His wife was Reliance Stone. Abraham Bradley, son of 

Abraham Bradley. 1053 

Abraham Bradley, was born in Guilford December 11, 1731. In 
1763 he married Hannah Baldwin, of Litchfield, Conn., where 
he settled and resided for upwards of thirty years. In 1796 he re- 
moved to Hanover township, in this county, and in his latter years 
went to reside with his son, Phineas Bradley, near Washington, 
D. C. He was successively master of a vessel, surveyor of lands, 
selectman, town treasurer, representative to the legislature, jus- 
tice of the peace, captain in the militia and in the revolutionary war, 
judge, town clerk, &c. While a resident of this pi ace Mr. Bradley 
wrote a work entitled, "A Philosophical Retrospect ontheGeneral 
Outline of Creation and Providence, wherein is considered the 
Origin of Matter and Works of Creation, and also the Immutable 
and Systematic Dispositions of Divine Providence, in consequence 
whereof the World was at some ancient epoch Destroyed by an Ex- 
undation of the Sea, subsequent to which the Creation of all Ter- 
restrial Animals took place. Comprising also, a general view of the 
Origin of Nations, and of the general characteristics of the several 
Varieties of Mankind." It was a book of one hundred and ninety- 
four pages and was printed and published by Asher and Charles 
Miner, and gave great alarm to many ladies, among others, to 
Mr. Bradley's good wife. The work was thought to be infidel 
in its character, advancing doctrines not in conformity with the 
teachings of Holy Writ. These orthodox ladies and others were 
active in its destruction, committing the book to the flames when- 
ever a copy fell into their hands. This circumstance accounts for 
the present scarcity of the work. Mrs. Bradley died in Wilkes- 
Barre September 18, 1804, aged sixty-seven years, and her hus- 
band died in Oneida county, N. Y., about 1825. Abraham 
Bradley, son of Abraham Bradley, was born in Litchfield Feb- 
ruary 21, 1767. He was educated in his native town and read 
law with Judge Tapping Reeve, of Litchfield. He practiced 
here from 1788 to 179 1. In a letter written by Timothy Pick- 
ering to Governor Mifflin, dated August 16, 1791, he thus speaks 
of Mr. Bradley: "Permit me now, sir, to mention a gentleman 
there, who can well execute, and who well deserves all these offi- 
ces (register, recorder, clerk of all the courts, and prothonotary), 
I mean Abraham Bradley, Esq., whose prudence, steadiness and 
sobriety are exemplary — whose integrity is unblemished — whose 

1054 Noah Murray. 

industry has no rival — and whose judgment and law knowledge 
have there, no superior. I think I shall speak more accurately 
if I were to say, no equal. In pleadings, and the necessary forms, 
he is decidedly superior to all. But he came later into practice 
than the other three attorneys — was younger — somewhat diffi- 
dent, and has not formed a habit of speaking. He has, therefore, 
had few causes to manage, and his fees have been trifling. He 
studied law and wrote in the office of Tapping Reeve, Esq., an 
eminent lawyer at Litchfield, in Connecticut. He writes a fair, 
strong, legible hand, perfectly adapted to records. During fre- 
quent absences in the last two years he has done the business in 
«the court and in my office with great propriety. Tis a business 
in which he takes pleasure. His law knowledge renders him 
peculiarly fit to hold all the offices before mentioned, and will 
give great facility in the execution. And his law knowledge will 
not be stationary — it will advance. For he has an inquisitive 
mind, and a taste for literature in general. This, sir, is not the 
language of hyperbole; I speak the words of truth and soberness 
from an intimate personal acquaintance with Mr. Bradley." Mr. 
Bradley did not get "the offices," but the governor on the next 
day, August 17, 1791 , appointed him one of the judges of Lu- 
zerne county. He soon after left Wilkes-Barre and removed to 
Washington, D. C, and from 179 1 to 1799 rie was confidential 
clerk to Colonel Pickering, in the post office and other depart- 
ments, and from 1799 to 1829 he was assistant postmaster-gen- 
eral of the United States. He was secretary of the Franklin In- 
surance Company, of Washington for two years before his death, 
which occurred at Washington, May 7, 1838. His wife was 
Hannah Smith, of Pittston, daughter of Thomas Smith. (See 
page 869.) 


Noah Murray, who was appointed one of the justices of the 
Court of Common Pleas of Luzerne county, Pa., November 28, 
1788, was a native of Litchfield county, Conn. He served in the 
revolutionary war, after which he settled in the Wyoming valley. 
He removed to Athens, Luzerne (now Bradford) county, about 

Joseph Kinney. jo 


1791. He was a clergyman, first of the Baptist church and after- 
wards of the Universalist ; for some years he was pastor of the 
Universalist church in Philadelphia. He was one of the proprie- 
tors of the old academy at Athens, and chairman of the board of 
trustees. He died May 11, 181 1, leaving two sons and several 
daughters. On a marble monument standing in a cemetery at 
Springfield, Bradford county, Pa., is this inscription : "Sacred to 
the memory of Rev. Noah Murray, the first preacher of Univer- 
salism in Bradford county, who died May n, 1S1 1, in the seventy- 
fifth year of his age. Erected as a token of grateful remembrance 
by the North Branch Association of Universalists, September, 


"Joseph Kinney," says Timothy Pickering, in a letter to Gov- 
ernor Mifflin, dated August 16, 1791, "was pretty early appointed 
a judge of the Common Pleas, but fully expecting to remove to 
the state of New York, he sent to the court a letter of resigna- 
tion, but I do not know that his resignation was ever declared to 
the executive council. I believe it was not. He lived near 
Tioga, where Esquire Hollenback was sometimes present, and to 
which neighborhood Esquire Murray moved up from Shawnee. 
Mr. Kinney was disappointed in respect to the lands in York state to 
which he meant to go, and has remained in Luzerne." His com- 
mission is not on record in the recorder's office, and the first time 
that he sat as judge was June 2, 1789. Joseph Kinney was born 
in Plainfield, Conn., about the year, 1755. He was a revolutionary 
soldier, and his first engagement was at Dorchester Heights, 
about March 2, 1776, which resulted disastrously to the British 
troops. He was wounded in the leg on Long Island, captured 
and was a prisoner three months in the old Jersey prison ship, 
and suffered all its horrors. He limped home on foot, and was 
at the battle of Saratoga, October 17, 1777, where Burgoyne sur- 
rendered, when he returned to Plainfield and remained until about 
1778, when he settled at Wyoming. There he married Sarah, 
the eldest daughter of Captain (afterwards General) Simon Spal- 
ding, and with that gentleman and others removed to Sheshe- 

1056 Christopher Hurlbut. 

quin, Luzerne (now Bradford) county, in 1783, which thereafter 
became his permanent home. Mr. Miner has the following in his 
History of Wyoming: "On Sunday, June 18, 1781, Joseph Kin- 
ney and Sarah Spalding were called off, that is, the bans were 
published, and on Thursday, the 22d, were married. It was an 
occasion of unusual festivity and joy. The bride was the eldest 
daughter of Captain Simon Spalding, the gallant commander of 
the Connecticut Independent Company." He was a school teacher 
in Wyoming, but changed his occupation to that of a farmer in 
his new home, a calling in which he prided himself, executing 
his work in an exceedingly tidy and in some respects peculiar 
manner. He was not only a great reader, but was also a close 
and logical reasoner, and analyzed thoroughly everything offered 
before he stored it away in his memory as knowledge. He was 
particularly apt in theological themes, and had many a gusty 
bout with the preachers of the day, and when sent to oppose and 
confound Mr. Murray in his first seed sowing of the doctrines of 
universal salvation, at Athens, "went wool gathering and came 
home shorn," after a three days' protracted effort. Mr. Kinney's 
house was the home of all the itinerants of the gospel in his day. 
He was emphatically domestic in his tastes, and hence disliked 
and refused political positions generally. On September 1, 1791, 
he was appointed a justice of the peace for the district of Tioga, 
which comprised at that time what is now the larger part of Brad- 
ford county. He was also one of the first commissioners of 
Bradford county, but resolutely declined all further preferment. 
He died in 1841. Mr. and Mrs. Kinney had a family of thirteen 
children. Their son Simon was the first white child born in the 
present town of Sheshequin. His descendants are distinguished 
in the various walks of life. 


Christopher Hurlbut was appointed a justice of the Court of 
Common Pleas of Luzerne county, Pa., August 5, 1789. For a 
sketch of the Hurlbut family see page 628. 

Courts. 1057 


Lawrence Myers was appointed a justice of the Court of Com- 
mon Pleas of Luzerne county, Pa., July 7, 1790. For a sketch of 
the Myers family see page 629. 


Nathan Denison was appointed a judge of Luzerne county, Pa., 
August 17, 1 79 1. For a sketch of his life see article headed 
George Denison. His son, George Denison, and grandsons, 
Charles Denison and Lazarus Denison Shoemaker, members of 
the Luzerne bar, represented Luzerne county in the congress of 
the United States. 

By the constitution of 1790 the judicial power of the common- 
wealth was vested in a Supreme Court, in Courts of Oyer and 
Terminer and general jail delivery, in a Court of Common Pleas, 
Orphans' Court, Register's court, and a Court of Quarter Sessions 
of the peace for each county, in justices of the peace, and in 
such other courts as the legislature should from time to time 
establish. Section 2 of Article V provided that the judges 
of the Supreme Court and Courts of Common Pleas hold office 
during good behavior. Section 3 provided that the jurisdic- 
tion of the Supreme Court extend over the state, and the judges 
thereof were by virtue of their office justices of Oyer and Ter- 
miner, &c, in the several counties. Section 4 provided that the 
Courts of Common Pleas were to be established as follows : 
The governor shall appoint in each county not fewer than three 
nor more than four judges, until it shall be otherwise directed by 
law, who shall reside in such county. The state shall be divided 
into circuits, none of which should contain more than six nor 
fewer than three counties. A president of each circuit was to be 

1058 Jacob Rush. 

appointed. The president and judges, any two of whom shall 
be a quorum, were to compose the respective Courts of Com- 
mon Pleas. Section 5 provided that two of the judges, the 
president being one, could hold a Court of Oyer and Terminer. 
Section 7 provided that two of the judges constituted a quorum 
to hold a Court of Quarter Sessions and Orphans' Court. At 
the first session of the legislature following the adoption of the 
constitution an act was passed (April 13, 1791,) to carry into 
effect its provisions respecting the courts, &c, and by section 
second of the act the state was divided into five districts or cir- 
cuits. Luzerne, together with Berks, Northampton and North- 
umberland counties, constituted the third district or circuit. Sec- 
tion third of the act directed the governor to commission "a per- 
son of knowledge and integrity and skilled in the law" in each 
district as "president and judge," and "a number of other proper 
persons, not fewer than three nor more than four," as judges in 
each county. Their jurisdiction, &c, was to commence after the 
next 31st August. 


Jacob Rush, who was appointed, August 17, 1 791, president of 
the Court of Common Pleas of the circuit consisting of the coun- 
ties of Berks, Luzerne, Northampton and Northumberland, was 
a native of Byberry township, Philadelphia county, Pa , where he 
was born in 1746. His ancestor, John Rush, who was captain of 
horse in Cromwell's army, emigrated to this county in 1683 and 
left a large number of descendants. His father died in 175 1. Jacob 
Rush graduated from Princeton (N.J.) College in 1765, and was 
admitted to the bar of Philadelphia county February 7, 1769. 
After his admission he practiced his profession in Philadelphia, 
and also in the counties of Bucks, Chester and York. In Jan- 
uary, 1775, he was a member of the provincial convention as- 
sembled in Philadelphia to consider the proper measures of self 
defense against the oppressions of our mother England. In 1779 
and 17S0 he was a member of our state legislature. He was ap- 

Jacob Rush. 1059 

pointed a judge of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania February 
15, 1784, in place of John Evans, deceased, and as such was a 
member of the high Court of Errors and Appeals before the ad- 
option of the constitution of 1790. Judge Rush presided here 
until 1806, when he was succeeded by Thomas Cooper. From 
1806 to 1820 Judge Rush was president judge of the Court of 
Common Pleas of Philadelphia, where he died January 5, 1820. 
Princeton gave him the degree of LL. D., in 1804. While a 
j udge of our circuit he resided in Reading, Pa. He was a brother 
of the celebrated Dr. Benjamin Rush, signer of the declaration 
of independence. David Paul Brown says of him : "He was a 
man of great ability, and great firmness and decision of charac- 
ter. He was also an eloquent man. Perhaps there are few 
specimens of judicial eloquence more impressive than those 
charges which he delivered during his occupation of the bench. 
An accurate idea of his style may be readily formed from an ex- 
tract from his charge to a grand jury in 1808, and his sentence 
pronounced upon Richard Smith for the murder of Carson in 
1 8 16. We refer as much to the moral tone of his productions 
as to their literary and intellectual power. Some of his early 
literary essays were ascribed to Dr. Franklin, and for their terse- 
ness and clearness were worthy of him. Judge Rush's charges 
to the jury, and decisions generally, were marked by soundness 
of principle and closeness of reasoning. Having been a judge 
of the Supreme Court and of the high Court of Errors and Ap- 
peals he never appeared to be satisfied in his position in the Court 
of Common Pleas, yet his uprightness of conduct and unques- 
tionable ability always secured to him the respect and confidence, 
if not the attachment of his associates, the members of the bar, 
and the entire community. He was one of the gentlemen of the 
old school, plain in his attire and unobtrusive in his deportment ; 
but while observant of his duties towards others, he was never 
forgetful of the respect to which he was himself justly entitled." 
He was the author of "Charges on Moral and Religious Sub- 
jects," published in 1803 ; "The Character of Christ," 1806, and 
"Christian Baptism," 1819. There were some ceremonies con- 
nected with the courts now entirely abrogated, and which, in 
fact, would be annoying in the present day, which are worthy of 

io6o Nathan Palmer. 

being noted in the records of the past. At the opening of every 
term the sheriff, with his staff of office, attended by the crier of the 
court, and frequently by several constables, waited upon the judges 
attheir lodgings, and then conducted them in formal prosession to 
the court house. It is certainly more agreeable in this day for a 
judge to regulate his own time and enter the court house with- 
out any such idle parade. Judges McKean, Smith, Yeates, and 
others, of the Supreme Court, always wore swords when they 
attended court in Wilkes-Barre, — some bearing rapiers, others, 
heavier weapons. The first court house was erected on the 
public square and was constructed of hewn logs, and consist- 
ed of two stories, the lower one being used for the purposes 
of a jail and as a dwelling place for the jailor ; the upper story for 
court purposes, and also as a place where the people of the 
vicinity met for religious services and duties. In this secluded 
spot the weeks of court, years since, attracted more of interest in 
the inhabitants than is found at present. They were decidedly, 
as tradition remembers and brings down to us, gala days and 
periods of frolic and of fun. The lawyers were assembled from 
various parts of the state, and, while business was not so burden- 
some and pressing as it is now, much time was afforded for 


Nathan Palmer, a lineal descendant of Myles Standish, was ad- 
mitted to the Luzerne county, Pa., bar in 1794. He was a native 
of Plainfield, Conn., and removed in early manhood to Pennsyl- 
vania. On January 8, 1800, he was appointed by Governor Mc- 
Kean prothonotary, and clerk of the Courts of Quarter Sessions, 
Oyer and Terminerand Orphans' Court, for the term of three years. 
From 1808 to 18 10 he represented Luzerne and Northumberland 
counties in the senate of Pennsylvania. In 18 13 he was treasurer 
of Luzerne county. In 18 14 he was appointed one of the trustees 
of the Wilkes-Barre Academy, and served for five years in that 
position. Judge Strange N. Palmer, of Pottsville, was his son, 
and Hon. Robert M. Palmer, of the same place, his grandson. 

Thomas Graham. 1061 


Xoah Wadhams was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., in 1794. In the minutes of the sessions of the court for the 
last named year it is stated that the only attorneys in Luzerne 
county are Ebenezer Bowman and Putnam Catlin (Rosewell 
Welles had been appointed judge and A. Bradley had removed); 
that E. Bowman had declined practice and P. Catlin was about 
to decline; that Nathan Palmer and Noah Wadhams, jr., having 
been admitted in the Supreme Court of Connecticut, be, "under 
the circumstances," admitted, &c. (the two years residence and 
study within the state being dispensed with). For further infor- 
mation regarding Mr. Wadhams see pages 109 and 755. 


Jesse Fell was appointed a judge of Luzerne county, Pa., Feb- 
ruary S, 1798. For a sketch of his life see page 344. 


Thomas Graham was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., in 1798. In 1805 he was appointed to the offices of register 
and recorder, and in 1807 he was appointed prothonotary and 
clerk of the Courts of Quarter Sessions, Oyer and Terminer and 
Orphans' Court. In 1809, 1810 and 181 1 he represented Luzerne 
county in the legislature of the state. From 1807 to April 26, 
1 8 14 (the date of his death), he was one of the trustees of the 
Wilkes-Barre Academy. 

1062 William Prentice. 


William Prentice was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., in 1799. He was then thirty-four years of age, and was the 
first full-fledged attorney in that part of Luzerne county which 
is now Bradford county. He was a descendant of Captain 
Thomas Prentice, born in England, 1620, who had a son, Thomas, 
born in 1649, who had a son, Samuel, born in 1680, who had a 
son, Samuel, born November 25, 1702, who had a son, Amos 
Prentice, M. D., born April 24, 1748. The latter removed with 
his family from New London, Conn., to Athens township, Lu- 
zerne (now Bradford) county, and was among the early physicians 
of the county. He was one of the sufferers in New London at 
the time the city was burned by Arnold, in 1781, where he prac- 
ticed his profession for several years. His wife was the daughter 

of Rev. Owen, of Groton, Conn., a friend and contemporary of 

President Edwards. William Prentice was the son of Amos Pren- 
tice, M. D., and died suddenly at the home of his father in Mill- 
town, Luzerne (now Bradford) county, October 6, 1806. He had 
studied law and had been admitted to the bar in New London 
previous to his coming to this county. After the dismember- 
ment of the county he practiced in Lycoming county until his 
death. The history of this dismemberment is as follows : Col- 
onel John Franklin was a resident of Athens, after the troubles 
at Wyoming were settled and the organization of Luzerne county 
completed. In the years 1795 and 1796 he represented Luzerne 
county in the assembly of Pennsylvania. From 1799 to 1803 
he was also a member of the legislature. An attempt was made 
in the session of 1802-3 to expel him from the assembly on ac- 
count of his indictment under the intrusion law, but on account 
of political reasons, many in the land-holders' interest were in- 
duced to vote against his expulsion. Determined, however, to 
get rid of him, the legislature in 1804 passed an act dividing the 
county of Luzerne, and setting off that part which contained 
the residence of Colonel Franklin to Lycoming county. It is 
said that the first draft of the bill included that part of Luzerne 

George Griffin. ■ 1063 

west of the Susquehanna and north of the Towanda creek. 
When the bill was read Colonel Franklin arose in his seat and 
remarked, "he wished to inform the gentlemen that he lived east 
of the river." The boundaries were accordingly changed, so as 
to include him in the dismembered portion. In 1805, however, 
much to the chagrin of his enemies, he was elected by the people 
of Lycoming, and appeared in triumph at Lancaster, and took 
his seat. Subsequently, a portion of the dismembered portion 
was recovered to Luzerne county. Hon. William Ellwell, of 
Bloomsburg, is a nephew of William Prentice, his mother being 
Nancy Prentice, who was the wife of Daniel Elvvell, the father of 
the judge. 


George Griffin was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, Pa., 
in 1800. He was a descendant of Jasper Griffin, who was born 
in Wales in the earlier half of the seventeenth century. He came 
to America before 1670. The first notice of him is in that year, in 
Essex county, Mass. In 1674 he was at Marblehead, Mass. In 
1675 he and his wife Hannah settled at Southold, Long Island. 
She was born at Manchester, New England, and died at South- 
old April 20, 1699, aged forty-six years, eight months, and "was 
the mother of fourteen children." Mr. Griffin was commissioned 
major of militia, and had charge of two guns, which were 
mounted near his house, and fired on public days. He died at 
Southold April 17, 170*8, aged eighty years. Jasper Griffin, son 
of Jasper Griffin, and eldest of his fourteen children, was born 
at Southold in 1675. After his father's death he removed to 
Lyme, Conn., where he had married, April 29, 1696, Ruth Peck, 
born August 19, 1676, daughter of Joseph Peck, of New Haven, 
Conn., and Sarah, his wife. Joseph Peck was the third son of 
William Peck, one of the original proprietors of New Haven, and 
was the progenitor of all the Pecks in New England. Mr. and 
Mrs. Griffin had five children. He was over ninety years of age 

1064 George Griffin. 

at the time of his death. Lemuel Griffin, second son of Jasper 
Griffin, was born at Lyme in 1704. He married Phoebe Corn- 
stock. She "was of literary and artistic tastes." They had two 
sons — George Griffin, eldest son of Lemuel Griffin, was born at 
East Haddam, Conn., July 10, 1734. He married, March 9, 
1762, Eve Dorr, born March 4, 1733, daughter of Edmund Dorr 
and Mary Griswold. Edmund Dorr was born at Roxbury, 
Mass., October 16, 1692; married, September 4, 17 19, Mary 
Griswold, daughter of Matthew Griswold and Phoebe Hyde, 
daughter of Samuel and Jane (Lee) Hyde, of Norwich, Conn. 
Edmund Dorr was sixth son of Edward and Elizabeth (Hawley) 
Dorr. Edward Dorr, born in the west of England, 1648, is sup- 
posed to be the progenitor of all the Dorrs of New England. 
Samuel Hyde was the eldest son of William Hyde ; both were 
of the thirty-five original proprietors of Norwich. Matthew 
Griswold was the eldest son of Matthew Griswold and Anna 
Wolcott, of Lyme. Matthew, the first, was an assistant of the 
colony, and a man of mark in the community. Mary (Griswold) 
Dorr was the aunt of Governor Matthew Griswold. "George 
Griffin was a man of strong mental ability, of rare judgment and 
decided character. He endeavored to develop the mental powers 
of his children." — Sprague's Memoirs of Rev. E. D. Griffin. Eve 
(Dorr) Griffin died April 3, 1804. George Griffin died August 
6, 1804. They had three sons and five daughters. The daugh- 
ters married into the families of Jewett, Beckwith, Lord, Welles 
and Austin, well known names in Connecticut. The eldest son^ 
Colonel Josiah Griffin, born June 7, 1765, was also judge of the 
county court, and for several years a legislator of his native 
state. He "was a man of commanding presence, dignified mien 
and strong intellect, of rare judgment and taste fjr mental cul- 
ture, a man of prominence in the community. It is said of him 
that he was scarcely less gifted than his more distinguished 
brothers." His descendants live at East Haddam. The second 
son, Rev. Dr. Edward Dorr Griffin, born January 6, 1770, gradu- 
ated at Yale College in 1790. He married, May 17, 1796, 
Frances Huntington, niece and adopted daughter of Governor 
Samuel Huntington, of Norwich, and sister of Governor Samuel 
Huntington, of Ohio. Dr. Griffin was one of the most eloquent 

George Griffin. 1065 

and effective preachers of the day, was professor of pulpit elo- 
quence at Andover, pastor of the Old South church, Boston, 
and for fifteen years president of Williams College. Dr. Griffin 
died November 8, 1837. He had no sons, but two daughters — 
Frances Louisa, a poetess, married Dr. Lyndon A. Smith, of 
Newark, N. J., and left descendants. Ellen married the Rev. Dr. 
Crawford, and also left descendants. The third son, and youngest 
child of George Griffin and Eve (Dorr) Griffin, was George 
Griffin, born at East Haddam, Conn., January 14, 1778. He 
graduated from Yale College in 1797, studied law with Noah B. 
Benedict, at Woodbury, Conn., for six months, and then entered 
Judge Reeve's law school at Litchfield, Conn , where he was ad- 
mitted to the bar in December, 1799. He removed to this city 
in the summer of 1800, and practiced here until 1806. He mar- 
ried, July 3, 1801, Lydia, daughter of Colonel Zebulon Butler. 
(See page 326). The immediate cause of Mr. Griffin's leaving 
Wilkes-Barre was the perpetration of a practical joke upon him 
by electing him high constable at the first election under the 
borough charter of Wilkes-Barre. He removed from here to the 
city of New York, where he became a very eminent lawyer. It 
is related of him, that after he was settled in that city he was en- 
gaged for the plaintiff in the trial of a slander suit growing out 
of an altercation over a game of cards. Not very much had 
been said by the defendant, but Mr. Griffin opened his argument 
to the jury with the proverb, "the constant falling of the water 
drop will wear away the hardest stone," and from this he pro- 
ceeded to argue that, though the words spoken did not at first 
blush seem injurious, yet the frequent repetition of what the de- 
fendant was responsible for setting in motion, was calculated to 
undermine the fairest reputation in any community. The ver- 
dict was for $5000, which the plaintiff gave Mr. Griffin as his 
fee, and from that time forward his reputation was made. The 
trial of Goodwin, for killing James Staughton, was one of the oc- 
casions in which Mr. Griffin's forensic eloquence shone forth 
with peculiar splendor. The case was tried at New York in 1820. 
It was one of all absorbing interest in the city, occupying an 
entire week. Mr. Griffin's address to the jury was, without doubt, 
one of the great legal speeches which have rendered the New 

io66 George Griffin. 

York city bar so distinguished before the nation. He closed his 
speech in the following language : "The siren voice of pity has 
been sounded in your ears in behalf of the prisoner's youth, 
and you have been invoked, as you value your own salvation, to 
temper justice with mercy. Mercy is indeed a heavenly attri- 
bute — it is the very attribute of the Godhead to which erring 
mortals will cling in that day of retribution, when we must all 
appear before the judgment seat, not as judges, or jurors, or coun- 
sel, but to await our final sentence. Nor is this favorite of the 
skies a stranger to our jurisprudence. Our constitution has pro- 
vided a place for it to dwell, even the mercy seat of the execu- 
tive. But jurors may not, must not tamper with it; an oath en- 
joins them to forbear. It is chiefly because the law knows that 
jurors have compassionate and erring hearts, that it fortifies them 
by an oath compelling them to lay their hands upon the word of 
life and to call upon God to help them as they decide according 
to the law and evidence. Awful alternative, cleaving unto or re- 
nouncing the help of God. And yet, gentlemen, this oath, with 
all its sanctions, rests upon your souls." 

He was in full practice in New York for fifty-two years. He 
received the degree of LL. D. from Columbia College in 1837. 
He was "a profound scholar in every department of literature 
and science, but he was above all things a lawyer." He died at 
his residence, 15 West Twentieth street, New York, May 6, i860. 
His wife died May 1, 1864. They are buried in the "Marble 
cemetery," between First and Second streets and First and Second 
avenues, New York. He died of a softening of the brain, ending 
in paralysis, and superinduced, thought the celebrated Dr. Dela- 
field, by a complete cessation from all mental labor. He stopped 
the machine too quickly. Just before retiring from active prac- 
tice he published two religious works — "The Gospel Its Own 
Advocate," (New York, Harpers, 1850), and "The Sufferings of 
Christ," (New York, Harpers, 1852). He was seventy-four years 
old when the former book issued from the press. All the courts 
of New York city and the Supreme Court adjourned out of respect 
to his memory, and he was eulogized by famous lawyers. ■ Judge 
Hoffman, of the Supreme Court, said : "He was, both in profes- 
sional and private life, a gentleman of the highest and purest 

George Griffin. 1067 

character." Justice Woodruff, of the same court, made similar 
remarks. In seconding the motion for an adjournment of the 
Supreme Court, Mr. David Dudley Field termed him "the Nestor 
of our bar; eloquent, learned and painstaking." Others, in news- 
paper editorials and sketches, said : "Removing to New York in 
1806, he rose at once to a distinguished position in the profession, 
and divided forensic honors with such men as Colden, Emmett, 
Ogden, Hoffman and Wells. Possessed of a well-stored and 
highly-cultivated mind, great powers of analysis, untiring energy 
of purpose and industry, a gift of eloquence excelled by few, a 
tall, commanding figure and polished manner — he won the respect 
of opponents and the admiration of friends. In his successful 
career he acquired a handsome competency, and always dispensed 
his charities with a liberal hand. Few men have ever succeeded 
in using more conscientiously the gifts of intellect." (New York 
Herald, May 7, i860.) James W. Gerard, who studied in his 
office, wrote the obituary which appeared in the Journal of Com- 
merce ; Henry Alexander that in the Post. Some of his speeches 
have been published in books, from which school boys get 
speeches. The "National Orator" contains his celebrated speech 
for the plaintiff in the slander case of Livingston vs. Cheetham. He 
wrote (but by the law of courts martial the defendant himself spoke 
it) the defense of Captain (afterwards Commodore) A. S. Mackenzie, 
tried at the Brooklyn navy yard in 1843 f° r the hanging of Mid- 
shipman Spencer, and others, for the celebrated mutiny on board the 
United States brig "Somers." George Griffin was six feet two 
and a half inches in height — almost as tall as either of his two 
brothers, each of whom exceeded six feet three inches, and well 
proportioned. His head was of rare intellectual beauty. George 
and Lydia (Butler) Griffin had children, viz : 

1. Francis, born November 26, 1802, at Wilkes-Barre. , 

2. Edmund Dorr, born September 10, 1804, at Wilkes- 

3. Ellen, born February 15, 1807; died December 9, 1823, at 
New York, unmarried. 

4. Caroline Ann, born May 7, 1809; died April 23, iSio, at 
New York, unmarried. 

5. George, born February 25, 181 1, at New York. 

6. Charles Alexander, born November 8, 18 14, at New York. 

io68 George Griffin. 

7. Caroline Lydia, born March I, 1820; died May 10, 1861, 
at New York, unmarried. 

8. Ellen Ann, born February 6, 1826; died November 30, 
1 83 1, at New York. 

I. Francis Griffin graduated at Yale College 1820, studied law 
with his father and was admitted to practice at New York in 
1823. He married, November 29, 1 829, Mary I. Sands, born April 
17, 1804, daughter of Joseph and Theresa Sands, of Sand's Point, 
N. Y. He became a prominent and very popular lawyer. At 
his death eulogies were pronounced by William Kent, F. B. Cut- 
ting, John Van Buren, J. W. Gerard, J. J. Roosevelt, and others. 
He was "of honorable standing, unsullied integrity, and distin- 
guished attainments, endeared to us by his manly deportment, 
generous nature and kindly sympathies." He died at New York 
January 12, 1852. Mary (Sands) Griffin died at Dresden, Sax- 
ony, March 9, 1888. She had printed, for private distribution, 
several volumes of novels and tales, at Dresden. She endowed 
liberally an orphan asylum in that city. They had children : 

1. Theresa, born at New York July 27, 1832; married, 
June 3, 1850, Egbert L. Viele, born at Waterford, N. Y., June 
17, 1825, and educated at West Point. He was brigadier general 
of United States volunteers during the civil war, 186 1-5. They 
have several children. She lives at Paris. Her son Francis, 
educated there, is a rising member of the Parisian bar. Another 
son, Herman, is a civil engineer in New York city. Mrs. Viele 
published "Following the Drum" in 1858. It is a sketch of her 
garrison life in Texas. 

2. Edmund Dorr, born in New York May 27, 1833 ; educated 
at Bonn and Heidelberg, Germany ; became a lawyer in New 
York; married, April 3, 1853, Lillie Hicks, of Flushing, L. I. 
He died April 22, 1864, at New Rochelle, N. Y. They have 
children living in New York, one son a lawyer and one a physi- 
cian. Edmund Dorr left poems of merit in manuscript. 

3. Emily Seaton, born at New York October 2, 1836; mar- 
ried, February 27, 1857, at Dresden, Saxony, Karl Emil von 
Lengwicke, an officer of the Saxon army. He distinguished 
himself in the Prusso-Austriari and Franco-Prussian wars. They 
had several children ; all died in childhood. 

George Griffin. 1069 

4. Charles Ferdinand, born at New York April 25, 1838; ed- 
ucated at Bonn and Carlsruhe, Germany; became a civil engineer 
in New York city. His health failing, he went again to Europe, 
and died, unmarried, October 26, 1864, at Vienna, Austria, where 
he is buried. 

II. Edmund Dorr Griffin graduated with the highest honors of 
his class, at Columbia College in 1821, aged seventeen; gradu- 
ated at the Theological Seminary of New York in 1825 ; became 
an Episcopal clergyman ; travelled extensively in Europe; was 
a poet, and at the time of his early death, at New York, Septem- 
ber 1, 1830, was professor of belles lettres at Columbia College. 
He was a very brilliant man, and was called the handsomest man 
in New York. His head resembled that of Byron in intellectual 
beauty, but he was six feet in height and exceedingly well made. 
His literary "Remains" were published by his brother Francis 
(two volumes, 8vo, New York, Carvill, 1831). 

V. George Griffin graduated at Williams College 1834; entered 
no profession, and lived at Kaatskill, N. Y. ; married, first, April 
2, 1834, Anne Augusta, daughter of James Neilson and Malvina 
(Forman) Neilson, of New Brunswick, N. J. She died at Kaats- 
kill March 20, 1 841. He then married, May 20, 1845, Mary 
Augusta, daughter of Judge Apollos Cooke, of Kaatskill. She 
died there August 19, 1848. He then married, October 14, 185 1, 
Elizabeth Frances, daughter of Abraham Benson, of Fairfield, 
Conn. He died at Kaatskill in 1880. She is living (1889) at 
Elizabeth, N. J. He had children by all three wives. The sons 
now living are lawyers, physicians and merchants in New York 

VI. Charles Alexander Griffin graduated at Williams College in 
1833, and at the Yale Law School in 1835 ; married, October 26, 
1836, Pastora Jacoba DeForest, third daughter of David Curtis 
DeForest and Julia (Wooster) DeForest, of New Haven, Conn. 
Pastora J. (DeForest) Griffin was born December 25, 181 5, at 
Buenos Ayres, South America. Julia Wooster was born at 
Huntington, Conn., and was of the same family as Admiral 
Wooster and General Wooster. David C. DeForest was a de- 
scendant of an ancient French Walloon family of Hainault. Early 
in the seventeenth century Jesse DeForest, of Leyden, had been 

1070 George Griffin. 

the originator of a scheme of colonization in America. He died 

. Henry and Isaac DeForest, his sons, and Dr. Jaen La 

Montague, his son-in-law, were the leaders of the first Walloon 
colony at New Amsterdam, in 1636. Henry and Isaac De- 
Forest were founders of Harlem, now part of New York city. 
Isaac DeForest married, at New Amsterdam, 1641, Sarah, daugh- 
ter of Phillippe de Trieux (Truax) and Susanne de Cheney. Da- 
vid C. DeForest, fifth in descent from Isaac, was born 1774. In 
early life he went to Buenos Ayres, South America ; became a 
prominent and successful merchant ; returned to New Haven 
and built what was then the finest house there ; was consul-general 
of Buenos Ayres in this country; established the "DeForest 
fund" and the prize known as the "DeForest medal" at Yale 
College; died February 22, 1822. 

Charles Alexander Griffin lived in New York and at New 
Brighton, N. Y., and practiced law in New York city. He cared 
more for literature than for law, and though he published very 
little, left a mass of manuscript, consisting of poems, and the 
results of historical research. Charles Alexander Griffin died at 
New Brighton, N. Y., October 6, 1859. Pastora J. (DeForest) 
Griffin is living (1889) at New Haven, Conn. They had chil- 
dren : 

1. George Butler Griffin, born at New York September 8, 1840. 

2. Ellen Anne Griffin, born at New York September 19, 1842, 
living (1889), unmarried. 

3. Caroline Lydia Griffin, her twin sister, died December 7, 

4. Charles DeForest Griffin, born at New York September 17, 
1844; died at Clifton Springs, N. Y., July 8, 1863, unmarried. 

All these were born at 74 Leonard street, New York city. 

1. George Butler Griffin graduated at Columbia College 1857; 
became a civil engineer; in 1857-8 went in the United States ex- 
pedition for a ship-canal survey at the south end of the Isthmus of 
Darien, under the late Captain T. A. M. Craven, U. S. N. In 
1858-59 was assistant engineer on the Tehuantepec railway sur- 
veys. After his father's death he studied law at Yale Law School 
and the University of Albany ; was admitted at May ( 1 3th) term of 
the Supreme Court of New York, at Albany, 1861 ; married, No- 

George Griffin. 1071 

vember26, 1861, Sara (born March n, 1841) daughter of Judge 
James Edwards and Susan (Tabor) Edwards, of Albany ; practiced 
at Davenport, Iowa ; returned to Albany. Had two children — 
Llewellyn Edwards Griffin, born at Davenport, September 5, 
1862, and Edmund Dorr Griffin, born at Albany, in 1864. Her 
health failing, he removed to St. Paul, Minn. She died there 
March 19, 1866, and the youngest child soon afterwards. Llew- 
ellyn E. had died in Albany in 1864. He remained in Minnesota a 
year, hunting and fishing ; had not practiced law since leaving 
Davenport. In 1865-6 became chief of field-work of the United 
States survey of the Illinois river for a ship canal. In 1867 he went 
to the republic of Colombia, South America; became chief of 
engineers (lieutenant colonel) in their service ; resigned, and in 
1869 became chief engineer of Buenaventura and Cali rail- 
road, and soon after chief engineer of state of Antioquia ; re- 
signed in 1874 and made a visit to the United States ; returned 
to Colombia and became a planter at Palmira, in the Cauca val- 
ley ; took part in a revolution in 1876, and was exiled and his 
property seized ; went to San Francisco January 27, 1877, and be- 
came an assistant to Mr. H. H. Bancroft in the preparation of his- 
torical works for the press. In 1880 he visited Europe. In the 
autumn of that year he accompanied the late Mr. J. B. Eads to 
Mexico as his chief of staff, and aided in obtaining the concession 
for the Tehuantepec ship-railway. In 1881 he located the Atlan- 
tic and Pacific railway across the Mojave desert, in California. In 
1 882 he was admitted to thebar of Californiaat Los Angeles,where 
he now resides. He gives his exclusive attention to land titles. Oc- 
tober 26, 1870, he married, at Buga, United States of Colombia 
{by proxy), Eva Guadalupe, born at Palmira, in that republic, De- 
cember 12, 1850, third daughter of Manuel Maria Garcia de la 
Plaza, doctor of civil law, and Maria Engracia Gil de Tejada, his 
wife. His children are : 

1. Eva Rosa, born at Medellin, state of Antioquia, United 
States of Colombia, June 19, 1872. 

2. Pastora Engracia, born at same place, May 29, 1874. 

3. Helena Maria, born at Palmira, state of Cauca, United States 
of Colombia, May 19, 1876. 

4. Georgina Lydia, born at San Francisco, California, April 
23, 1878. 

1072 Thomas Dyer. 

5. Francisca Julia, born at San Francisco, California, April 30, 
1880; died at Los Angeles, Cal., November 26, 1881. 

6. Jasper, born at Los Angeles, Cal., June 26, 1883. 

7. Clementina Ruth, born at Los Angeles, Cal., September 7, 

8. Carolina Alma DeForest, born at Los Angeles, Cal., Feb- 
ruary 25, 1889. 


Thomas Dyer, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., in 1802, was a descendant of Thomas Dyer, a native of Wey- 
mouth, Massachusetts, who settled in Windham, Conn., about 
171 5. He married Lydia, a daughter of John Backus, gathered 
a good estate, was a deputy to the general assembly in several 
sessions, and major of a Windham county regiment. His 
only son, Eliphalet Dyer, grandfather of the subject of our 
sketch, born in Windham, September 14, 1721, was sent to 
Yale College and graduated in 1740, studied law and began 
practice in his native town. On May 9, 1745, he married 
Huldah Bovven, a daughter of Colonel Jabez Bowen, of Provi- 
dence, R. I. He was chosen deputy to the general assembly 
in 1747, and again in 1752, but his real entry to public life was 
through his connection with the project of establishing a Con- 
necticut colony in the valley of the Susquehanna. Mr. Dyer 
was an active and influential promoter of this enterprise; an orig- 
inal member of the Susquehanna Company, formed in 1753, one 
of the committee to purchase the Indian title to the land selected 
for the proposed colony at Wyoming, and one of the company's 
agents to petition the general assembly in 1755 for permission 
to settle on these lands, which were then believed to be within 
the chartered limits of Connecticut. The operations of the Sus- 
quehanna Company were interrupted by the war with France. 
In 1755 Mr. Dyer was appointed lieutenant colonel of one of 
the regiments sent by Connecticut to assist in the reduction of 
Crown Point, and in 1758 he was made colonel of a regiment in 

Thomas Dyer. 1073 

the expedition against Canada. In 1759 and 1760 he was a mem- 
ber of the general assembly, and in 1762 was elected an Assist- 
ant (or member of the Upper House), and was continued in that 
office by annual reelection until 1784. In 1 763 Colonel Dyer went 
to England as the agent of the Susquehanna Company to solicit 
from the crown a confirmation of their title to the tract pur- 
chased of the Indians at Wyoming, and permission to settle a 
colony there. The application was resisted by Pennsylvania and 
was still pending when war broke out between Great Britain and 
her American colonies. In 1765 he was appointed one (the first 
named) of the delegates from Connecticut to the "Stamp Act 
Congress" at New York — "the first great step toward Independ- 
ence." Through the ten years' struggle against the exactions of 
Great Britain to the actual outbreak of the revolution, Colonel Dyer 
never wavered in his devotion to the popular cause. When the 
Connecticut Committee of Correspondence met at New London, 
July 13, 1774, authorized by the general assembly to appoint 
delegates to the congress at Philadelphia, their first choice 
fell upon Colonel Dyer, and he unhesitatingly accepted the 
appointment. He was present at the opening of the con- 
gress, September 5, and was a member of the committee on the 
rights of the colonies, appointed on September 7. He was 
reelected to the congress of 1775, and to each succeeding con- 
gress till 1783, except those of 1776 and 1779. In the spring 
of 1775 he was named one of the "Council of Safety," to assist 
the governor in the management of all public affairs when the 
general assembly was not in session, and the journals of this 
body show that he was continually employed in arduous duties 
and in the discharge of important trusts. He had been appointed 
a judge of the superior court in 1766, and retained his seat 
on the bench until 1793, becoming chief judge in 1789. In 
1787 Yale College conferred on him the honorary degree of 
doctor of laws. He appeared as one of the agents for Connec- 
ticut before the court of commissioners appointed by con- 
gress to finally determine the controversy with Pennsylvania 
respecting the Susquehanna lands, at the hearing at Trenton, in 
November, 1782. After his resignation of the office of chief 
judge he retired from public life. He died at Windham May 13, 

1 674 Thomas DYeR. 

1807, aged 86 years. Yale gave him the degree of D. D. in 1777. 
John Adams said of him : "Dyer is long winded and roundabout, 
obscure and cloudy, very talkative and very tedious, yet an hon- 
est, worthy man ; means and judges well." Major Thomas Dyer, 
an officer of the revolutionary war, was the son of Eliphalet Dyer, 
who was the father of Thomas Dyer, of the Luzerne bar, who was 
born at Windham, Conn., in 1771, and died at Wilkes-Barre Sep- 
tember 21, 1 86 1. He was appointed a justice of the peace in 
1806, and held the office over forty-five years. He was one of 
the trustees of the Wilkes-Barre Academy from 1807 to 1838, and 
for seven years was its president. In 181 1 he was treasurer of 
the county of Luzerne. He first visited this valley in 1797, 
remaining only a short time, but again he returned and located 
himself permanently in Wilkes-Barre in 1800. At that time he 
was nearly twenty years of age, and commenced his active duties 
in this place by taking charge of the academy, pursuing the 
study of the law at the same time. Familiarly known among 
lawyers as the chief justice, he was often, from his great experi- 
ence, consulted by his brother justices and even by judges on the 
bench, for his practice under and construction of the act of 18 10 
and its supplements. There were in those days no Binn's or Mc- 
Kinney's justice to appeal to, and the ipse dixit of Squire Dyer upon 
such questions was regarded as safe and reliable authority. His 
duties as a justice prevented his giving much attention to the 
practice of the law, yet he was a sound and thoroughly read law- 
yer. Abstruse questions in legal science delighted him much, and 
no one could give him greater pleasure than the suggestion of 
questio vexata or a disputed point which would require investiga- 
tion and search in the books. Fearne, on Contingent Remainders, 
was more interesting to him than the newest novel or the light 
production of some celebrated writer is to an ordinary reader. He 
had no taste for works of mere imagination, and as to fiction, we 
doubt if he ever thought of it, except in connection with the 
legal inventions and forms connected with common recoveries 
or feigned issues. He was rather a terror to the young law 
student under examination who, with forwardness or want of 
becoming modesty, threw down the gauntlet for his opposition ; 
but to modest and diffident worth, which showed an honest inquiry 

John Evans. 1075 

after knowledge, the kindness of his heart opened with great 
satisfaction the gathered stores of his own acquirements. The 
polemic or theologian too who in the days of his prime rashly 
attacked him on doctrinal or disputed questions found him a 
ready combatant, an able disputant, and one from whom in such 
a contest he would not often escape unscathed. Bred in the 
school of the Puritans, he was ever a reader of the book of books 
— the Holy Bible ; familiar with every part of it, its moral lessons 
and its holy truths were always weapons of his argument. Some- 
times when citizens came to consult him on questions of man's 
law of perhaps doubtful morality, he did not hesitate to answer by 
another significant question — " What says the law of God ?" 
Mr. Dyer had no children. He married late in life the widow 
of the late Silas Jackson of this city, who preceded him into the 
land of spirits about twelve years. He departed from among us 
full of years, and has left behind him the name of an honest, 
worthy, and excellent citizen. 


John Evans was admitted to the Luzerne county, Pa , bar as 
early as 1804. He resided here and probably practiced his pro- 
fession until about 1816. He purchased, May 3, 1810, of James 
Thompson, "two certain quarries or beds of stone coal" in Pitts- 
ton township, under one hundred and twenty-six acres of land, for 
the sum of eight hundred dollars. This shows that he was far 
ahead of his day in estimating the value of coal. We have been 
unable to ascertain anything of his family. 

By the act of February 24, 1806, entitled "An Act to alter 
the judiciary system of the Commonwealth," the state was re- 
districted and several new districts were created. Among' these 
was the eighth, composed of the counties of Luzerne, Lycoming 
and Northumberland. The governor was directed to appoint 

1076 Thomas Cooper. 

a president in each of the new districts created by the act. 
Section 15 of the same act provided "That if a vacancy shall 
hereafter happen in any county at present organized, by the death, 
resignation or removal of any associate judge or otherwise, the 
governor shall not supply the same unless the number of associ- 
ates shall be thereby reduced to less than two, in which case, or 
in any case of any county hereafter organized, he shall commis- 
sion so many as will complete that number in each county and 
no more." The first court held in Luzerne after the passage of 
the foregoing act was April term, 1806, and was presided over 
by Thomas Cooper as president judge. 


Thomas Cooper was admitted to the Luzerne county, Pa., bar 
in 1796, and appointed president judge of the eighth judicial 
district March 1, 1806. He was born in London, England, 
October 22, 1759. He was early sent to Oxford, where he 
thoroughly studied the classics, though the bent of his mind 
was toward the natural sciences. While studying law he ex- 
tended his researches into anatomy and medicine. He was 
admitted to the bar and travelled a circuit for a few years ; but 
entering into the political agitations of the period, he was sent, 
in company with Mr. Watt, the inventor of the steam engine, by 
the democratic clubs of England to the affiliated clubs in France. 
In this latter country he took part with the Girondists, but per- 
ceiving their inevitable downfall, escaped to England. For this 
journey he and his friend Mr. Watt were called to account by 
Mr. Burke in the house of commons, which led to a violent 
pamphlet from Mr. Cooper. His publisher, proposing to put it 
in a cheaper form for general circulation, received a note from 
Sir John Scott, attorney general, informing him that, although 
there was no exception to be taken to his pamphlet when in the 
hands of the upper class, yet the government would not allow it 
to appear in a shape to insure its circulation among the people. 
While in France he had learned the secret of making chlorine 

Thomas Cooper. 1077 

from common salt, and he now became a bleacher and calico 
printer in Manchester, but his business was unsuccessful. He 
came to America in 1795, whither his friend Priestley had already- 
emigrated, and established himself at Northumberland, Pa., as a 
lawyer. But the politics of this country was also attractive to 
him, and uniting with the democrats, he opposed with vivacity the 
administration of John Adams. For a violent attack on Adams 
in a Pennsylvania newspaper in 1799 he was tried for a libel under 
the sedition act of 1800, and sentenced to six months' imprison- 
ment and a fine of $400. The democratic party coming into 
power, he transacted in 1806 the business of a land commissioner 
on the part of the state with such energy as to triumph over dif- 
ficulties with the Connecticut claimants in this county which had 
broken down two previous commissioners ; but, being appointed 
to the office of judge of this judicial district, was exceedingly 
stern and severe ; became obnoxious to the members of his own 
party, and was removed on the following, among other charges 
of arbitrary conduct : The first charge against him was fining 
persons and immuring them in prison for whispering in court. 
Cooper's reply was : " One Hollister, a constable, was merely 
given in custody of the sheriff one hour, until the disposal of a 
case, and then fined two dollars." This was in Wilkes-Barre in 
1807. The next week Mr. Hollister published a communication 
in the Federalist in which he denounced Judge Cooper as an 
English tyrant, and called on the people to unite against him to 
secure his removal and the appointment of an American judge. 
The third charge against him was : "After sentencing a felon, 
calling him from prison and pronouncing a second sentence, 
increasing the penalty." This referred to the case of young 
Gough, a horse thief, convicted at Wilkes-Barre. The court sen- 
tenced him to twelve months, he having plead guilty. The next 
morning Judges Hollenback and Fell informed Judge Cooper 
they had understood he was an old offender. " I gave it as my 
opinion," says Judge Cooper, "that during the sessions the judg- 
ments were in the power of the court and subject to revisal. He 
was re-sentenced to three years." The committee to investigate 
the charges met March 7, 181.1. John B. Gibson, subsequently 
Judge Gibson, was one of the committee. After the examination 

1078 Thomas Cooper. 

of many witnesses the committee reported that the judge's "con- 
duct had been arbitrary, unjust and precipitate," and in favor of an 
address to the governor for his removal. More than two-thirds 
of the legislature voted for his removal, and he was accordingly 
superseded by the governor on April 2, 181 1. Judge Wilson, of 
Northumberland county, said that "the court was very disor- 
derly before Judge Cooper's time. I have seen Judge Rush 
leave the bench. It is now very orderly." The late George W. 
Woodward used to relate that when Judge Burnside held his 
first court in Clearfield county the people crowded in among the 
lawyers and in front of the bench. An indictment was brought 
in against one Pennington. The judge called out, "Is Penning- 
ton in court?" A stalwart man standing in front of the crowd 
said: "Jedge, you better call out the whole damn grist of the 
Penningtons." The judge put on a severe look and commenced 
a lecture to the man for disturbing the court. After he proceeded 
for awhilethe man said: "Hush up, jedge, you are makingadamned 
sight more disturbance than I did." Subsequently Judge Cooper 
successively occupied the chair of chemistry in Dickinson Col- 
lege, in the University of Pennsylvania, and in Columbia College, 
South Carolina, of which last institution he became president in 
1820, and in which he discharged also the duties of professor of 
chemistry and of political economy. On his retirement in 1834, 
the revision of the statutes of the state was confided to him, and 
he died in the performance of this duty, May 1 1, 1840, at Colum- 
bia, S. C. Mr. Cooper was alike eminent for the versatility of his 
talent and the extent of his knowledge. Hi published, in 1794, 
in London, a volume of "Information Concerning America;" in 
1800, a collection of "Political Essays," reprinted from a Penn- 
sylvania newspaper; in 181 2, in Philadelphia, a translation of the 
"Institutes of Justinian ;" in 18 19, a work on "Medical Jurispru- 
dence;" in 1812-14, two of the five volumes entitled the "Empo- 
rium of Arts and Sciences," which were published in Philadel- 
phia; and in 1826, at Charleston, South Carolina, his academic 
" Lectures on the Elements of Political Economy." He was a 
vigorous pamphleteer in various political contests, and an admi- 
rable conversationalist. In philosophy he was a materialist, and 
in religion a Unitarian. 

Washington Lee. 1079 


Washington Lee, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., April 25, 1806, was born in Harrisburg, Pa., June 
18, 1786. His father, Andrew Lee, captain of dragoons in the 
army of the revolution, and one of the band celebrated in Penn- 
sylvania history as the " Paxtang Boys," had served his country 
with some distinction under General Sullivan, and had even been 
permitted to see the interior of one of the British prison hulks 
in New York harbor, famous then, as now, as "floating hells." 
The captain survived the horrors which were fatal to so many of 
his comrades, and being finally exchanged, hastened home to 
Paxtang, Pa., to recruit his shattered health. Before the close 
of the year, however, Cornwallis had surrendered. Great Brit- 
ain saw the futility of her efforts to retain these colonies and 
finally, September 3, 1783, signed with her late rebellious sub- 
jects a definitive treaty of peace. With this conclusion Captain 
Lee found his occupation gone, and taking unto himself a wife 
in the person of Mrs. Priscilla Stewart {nee Espy), the widow 
of James Stewart, he moved to Harrisburg, purchased a well 
known inn there, and prepared to entertain the travelling public. 
In this house was born Washington Lee and his brother James 
S. Lee. James S. in after years moved to Hanover township, in 
this county. Washington Lee, after attending school at Harris- 
burg, entered the law office of George Fisher, a prominent prac- 
titioner of that place, and on March 3, 1806, was duly admitted 
to practice law in the courts of Dauphin county. He had deter- 
mined, however, that a military career would be more to his 
tastes, and he early sought the influence of his friends to aid him 
in gaining a position in the army. A staunch friend of his father, 
Hon. John Joseph Henry, was then presiding on the bench of 
Dauphin county, and from him he readily secured a commenda- 
tory letter to Henry Dearborn, the secretary of war. By the 
same influence he also enlisted Hon. Andrew Gregg, United 
States senator from Pennsylvania, in his service, and May 3, 1808, 
he rejoiced in the receipt of his commission as second lieutenant 
in the army of the United States, and a letter from the war de- 

io8o Washington Lee. 

partment ordering him to report at the rendezvous at Lancaster. 
In compliance with this order he hastened to his post and im- 
mediately entered upon the performance of his duties. From 
this date until that of his retirement from the service, eight years 
later, his career was one unbroken series of successes. He was 
commissioned first lieutenant of the fifth regiment of infantry 
April I, 1 8 1 1. He had already served as judge advocate of the 
southern army, under General Wade Hampton, since February 
19, 1 8 10, and continued so to act until appointed assistant adju- 
tant general, June 24, 181 2. On July 23 following, he was com- 
missioned captain, and March 3, 1813, received his majority. In 
June of this year he was appointed deputy postmaster general of 
the United States forces, and he received his commission as lieu- 
tenant colonel of the eleventh infantry January 1, 1815. On May 
3, 1816, Colonel Lee withdrew from the military service, and on 
June 16, 1 8 17, he married Elizabeth Campbell, the daughter of an 
episcopal minister, residing in Carlisle, Pa. The young couple 
immediately removed to Nanticoke, Pa., where Colonel Lee had 
purchased a farm of about one thousand acres. This land he after- 
wards sold for one million two hundred thousand dollars. Here in 
a comfortable mansion erected on the east bank of the Susque- 
hanna river, at the very foot of the valley of Wyoming, they 
began, passed and ended a half century of wedded life. In 
December, 1867, just fifty years from the date of her first ac- 
quaintance with the old homestead, Mrs. Lee died childless. Her 
husband, full of years and feeble in health, bore with his loneli- 
ness until May, 1869, when, at the urgent solicitation of his friends, 
he removed to Wilkes-Barre. Here two years later, September 
10, 1 87 1, ready and willing, he peacefully breathed his last. In 
person Colonel Lee was tall and of dignified presence. His 
gentle manners and courtly bearing greatly endeared him to all 
who possessed his acquaintance. His habits were of the strict- 
est simplicity. His mind had always been of a studious charac- 
ter, and in the later years of his life he found refuge from his 
isolation in his acquaintance with the philosophy and classics of 
the ancients. Pie was the impersonation of integrity and recti- 
tude. He possessed his faculties to the very end, and with the 
utmost composure saw the approach of that messenger from 
whose coming old and young alike shrink with dread. 

Seth Chapman. 1081 


Francis McShane, who was admitted to the Philadelphia bar 
March r, 1802, was admitted to the Luzerne county bar, Pa., 
August 8, 1810. He was a native of Philadelphia, where he was 
born in 1779, and was a son of Barnabas McShane, of Phila- 
delphia. In 181 1 he erected a small cut-nail manufactory in 
Wilkes-Barre, and used anthracite coal in smelting the iron. He 
conducted a successful business for two or three years, selling 
nails by wholesale or retail, to suit purchasers. On January 18, 
181 3, he was appointed a justice of the peace for the townships 
of Hanover, Newport and Wilkes-Barre. His wife was Frances 
Bulkeley, daughter of Eliphalet Bulkeley, a native of Colchester, 
Conn. (For further particulars regarding the Bulkeley family see 
page 287.) Mr. McShane died in 1815, and his widow subse- 
quently married Colonel Henry F. Lamb. Mr. McShane left no 
children. Hon. Robert McShane, who died at Pointe Coupee, 
La., October 18, 181 1, was judge of that parish. He was a brother 
of Francis McShane, and was born in Philadelphia in 1780. He 
was admitted to the bar there December 26, 1803. 

Judge Cooper was succeeded by Seth Chapman, who took his 
seat, and first held court in Luzerne at August term, 181 1. He 
continued to preside in the county until 1813. The last term of 
court at which he presided in Luzerne was April term, 18 13. 


Seth Chapman, the third president judge of Luzerne county, 
Pa., held his first court in Wilkes-Barre at the August term, 
181 1. His letter of acceptance is as follows : 

Newtown, July 16th, 1811. 
Sir: I this day received yours of the nth inst, inclosing a 
commission from the Governor of President Judge of the Court 

1082 Seth Chapman. 

of Common Pleas of the Eighth district of Pennsylvania, and in 
answer beg you will please to inform his Excellency, the Gover- 
nor, that I sincerely thank him for the good opinion he has been 
pleased to entertain of me, and that I accept the commission with 
great diffidence, fearing that my abilities are not competent for 
the performance of the duties of so delicate and important an 
office upon my part. Integrity, industry and impartiality shall 
not be wanting, but that I shall sometimes err in the decision of 
law questions must be expected, as it has been the lot of all 
human Judges. 

I am respectfully your obedient servant, 
James Trimble, Esq. S. Chapman. 

His district embraced the counties of Luzerne, Lycoming and 
Northumberland, and subsequently Union county. He was the 
son of John Chapman, M. D., and was born in Wrightstown, 
Rucks county, Pa., January 23, 1 77 1 . He was a lineal descend- 
ant of the "first settler," John Chapman, who came from the town 
of Stannah, in Yorkshire, England, and took up his residence in 
the woods of Wrightstown, Pa. Peing a staunch Friend, and 
having suffered numerous persecutions for opinion's sake, includ- 
ing loss of property, he resolved to find a new home in the wilds 
of Pennsylvania. Leaving home June 21, 1684, he sailed from 
Aberdeen, Scotland, and reached Wrightstown sometime toward 
the close of December. Until he was able to build a log house, 
he and his family lived in a cave, where twin sons were born 
February 12, 1685. Game from the woods supplied them with 
food until crops were grown, and often the Indians, between whom 
and the Chapmans there was the most cordial friendship, were 
the only reliance. A stone erected at his grave bore the follow- 
ing inscription : 

Behold John Chapman, that Christian man, who first began 

To settle in this town ; 
From worldly cares and doubtful fears, and Satan's snares, 

Is here laid down ; 
His soul doth rise above the skies in Paradise, 

There to wear a lasting crown. 

Judge Chapman received his early education at a school in Up- 
per Makefield township, in his native county. At an early age he 
removed td Norristown, Pa., and was there admitted to the bar 
at September term, 1791. After his appointment as judge by 

Garrick Mallery. 1083 

Governor Snyder, he removed to the town of Northumberland, 
where he continued to reside until 1833, when he resigned his 
seat on the bench. An effort was made to impeach him for mis- 
demeanor in office in 1826, but he was acquitted by the senate, 
twenty-six senators voting not guilty, five voting guilty. At the 
time Judge Chapman took his seat Judge Cooper caused to be 
served on him a notice that if he should presume to exercise the 
duties of president judge he (Cooper) would make application 
to the Supreme Court for a writ of quo warranto. Accompanying 
this notice was an elaborate argument contending that the whole 
proceedings of the legislature and governor in removing him 
were unconstitutional, and as a consequence the commission of 
Judge Chapman was absolutely void and of no validity. There 
is little in the term of service of Judge Chapman worth noting. 
The members of the bar, as well as suitors and the public, soon 
made the discovery that Judge Cooper was not on the bench. 
He could not be reckoned a talented man, and was a judge of 
inferior abilities, lacking courage and firmness, besides being in- 
dolent. The people of Luzerne soon found that they had made 
a losing bargain by the exchange of Cooper for Chapman. Judge 
Chapman presided in this county until 181 3, and was succeeded 
by John Bannister Gibson. 


Garrick Mallery, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., August 8, 181 1, was born in Middlebury, Conn., 
April 17, 1784, and died in Philadelphia, Pa., July 6, 1866. 
He was of unmixed descent from the early English settlers of 
New England, being in direct line from Peter Mallery, who arrived 
in Boston in 1638 and went to New Haven settlements with Rev. 
Theophilus Eaton's company in 1644. Through his mother, 
Hannah Minor, he was in direct descent from Thomas Minor, 
who was a member of John Winthrop's company in 1630. Several 
of his ancestors were military officers in the colonial service and 

10S4 Garrick Mallerv. 

in the revolutionary war. He graduated at Yale College in 
1808, and after a term at Litchfield Law School read law in 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa., with Judge Welles. He was elected from 
Luzerne county to the legislature of Pennsylvania in the years 
1826, 1827, 1828, and 1829, being distinguished for promoting 
the internal improvement and establishing the prison discipline 
systems of this state. From 181 1 to 1832 he was one of the 
trustees of the Wilkes-Barre Academy. In 1 83 1 he was appointed 
by Governor Wolf president judge of the third judicial district, 
composed of the counties of Berks, Northampton, and Lehigh, but 
resigned in 1836 and removed to Philadelphia, where he prac- 
ticed law and for several years immediately before his death held 
the office of master in chancery of the Supreme Court of Penn- 
sylvania. In 1840 Judge Mallery received the degree of LL. D. 
from Lafayette College. He w r as thrice married; first, in June 

181 1, at Wilkes-Barre, Pa., to Sylvina Pierce, daughter of Colonel 

Lord Butler, born March 5, 1874, died 1824, by whom he 

had five children, born in Wilkes-Barre, viz : Pierce Butler, born 

1812, died 1838; Amelia, died in childhood; Priscilla Lee, born 
October 6, 1 8 16, died April 8, 1844; Charles Bronson, born 1820, 
died May 6, 1 848 ; Edward Garrick, born 1 824, died May 27, 1852; 
all of whom died without issue except Priscilla, who at Reading, 
Pa., November 28, 1836, married William Strong, justice of the 
Supreme Court of the United States, and left two daughters, Emily 
Elizabeth, born February 5, 1838, who, October 14, 1874, married 
James M. Flanagan, of Philadelphia; and Amelia Mallery, born 
July 31, 1840, who in 1880 married Frank Slade, of New York 
city. Second, he was married June 30, 1830, at Harrisburg, Pa., 
to Catherine Julia, daughter of Dr. Henry Hall, born August 14, 
1804, died July 17, 1832, at Reading, Pa., by whom he had one 
son, Garrick, born April 23, 1831, in Wilkes-Barre, now captain 
and brevet lieutenant colonel United States army, and ethnol- 
ogist in the bureau of ethnology, living at Washington, D. C, 
who, April 14, 1870, at Richmond, Va., was married to Helen 
Marian, daughter of Rev. A. V. Wyckoff, of New Brunswick, 
N. J., born February 12, 1849, at Prattsville, N. Y. Third, he 
was married June 27, 1838, at Philadelphia, to Jeannette, daughter 
of Dr. John C. Otto, by whom he had four children, born in 

Garrick Mallery. io8 = 

Philadelphia, viz : Eliza, born September 23, 1839, died J u ly x 8, 
1872 ; John Conrad, born October 21; 1843 ; James Dundas, born 
September 1, 1845, died November 24, 1869 ; and Isabel Augusta, 
born December 6, 1847, died August 7, 1855, who have all died 
unmarried except John C, now captain of the corps of engineers 
United States army, who was married at Cincinnati, Ohio, June 
27, 1873, to Anna L., daughter of A. S. Winslow. 

Garrick, son of Garrick, soldier and ethnologist, was born in 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa., April 23, 1831. Through his mother, Catharine 
J. Hall, he was descended from John Harris, founder of Harrisburg, 
Pa., and William Maclay, first United States senator from Penn- 
sylvania. He was graduated at Yale College in 1850, in 1853 
received the degree of LL. B. from the University of Pennsyl- 
vania, and the same year was admitted to the bar of Philadel- 
phia, where he practiced law and engaged in editorial work until 
the first call for troops in the civil war, when he entered the vol- 
unteer service, his first commission, that of first lieutenant, dating 
from April 15, 1861. By subsequent promotions he rose to the 
rank of lieutenant colonel and brevet colonel, and at the reorgan- 
ization of the regular army in 1870 was appointed captain of the 
First United States infantry. He was twice severely wounded and 
received three promotions by brevet for gallantry in action. In 
the reconstruction period in 1869 and 1870, being on military 
duty in Virginia as judge advocate on the staff of the successive 
generals commanding, he was appointed to both the offices of 
secretary of state and adjutant general of the state of Virginia, 
with the rank of brigadier general. In August, 1870, he was the 
first officer detailed by the secretary of war for duty with the 
chief signal officer of the army at Washington to carry into effect 
the then recent legislation initiating the meteorological duties of 
the signal service. His rank being next to that of General Myer, 
he was for long periods in charge of the bureau, and was its 
executive officer during the remainder of the time, until August, 
1876, when he was ordered to the command of Fort Rice in 
Dakota Territory, and there made investigations into the picto- 
graphs and mythologies of the North American Indians, which 
led to his order on June 13, 1877, by the secretary of war, at the 
request of the secretary of the interior, to report to Major J. W. 

1086 Alphonso C. Stewart. 

Powell, then in charge of the geological survey of the Rocky 
Mountain region, for duty in connection with the ethnology of 
the North American Indians. In this work he has continued, 
being on July i, 1879, retired from active service on account of 
wounds received in action, and thus left at liberty to accept the 
appointment of ethnologist of the bureau of ethnology on its 
organization at Washington in that year, which office he still 
holds. General Mallery is an honorary or active member of several 
scientific and literary societies in Europe, as well as in the United 
States, and was a founder and president of the anthropological 
society and of the Cosmos club, both 'of Washington. He has 
contributed largely to periodical literature, but his most import- 
ant works, some of which have been translated, are the following : 
"A Calendar of the Dakota Nation" (Washington, 1877) ; "The 
Former and Present Number of our Indians" (Salem, 1878); 
"Introduction to the Study of Sign Language Among the North 
American Indians as Illustrating the Gesture Speech of Mankind" 
(Washington, 1880); "A Collection of Gesture-Signs and Signals 
of the North American Indians, with some Comparisons" (1880); 
"Sign Language among North American Indians, Compared with 
that Among Other Peoples and Deaf Mutes" (1881); "Picto- 
graphs of the North American Indians" (1886). 


Alphonso C. Stewart, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., August 8, 1812, was previously admitted to the bar 
of Berks county, Pa. After his admission here he removed to 
that part of Luzerne now embraced in the county of Bradford, 
and at the opening of the courts of the last named county, in 
January, 18 13, he was present. The end of Stewart was a tragic 
one. About 18 17 he removed to Belleville, 111., where for some 
reason one Bennett proposed to him to fight a sham duel. The 
guns were loaded by individuals who put no balls in either 
weapon, but before reaching the ground selected for the duel to 

George Denison. 1087 

take place Bennett stepped to one side and put a ball into his 
rifle and Stewart fell mortally wounded. Bennett made his 
escape but was apprehended about a year after, tried, convicted, 
and executed. 


George Denison, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., April 7, 18 13, was a descendant of William Deni- 
son, who was born in England about 1586, came to America in 
163 1 and settled in Roxbury, Mass., having with him his wife, 
Margaret, his three sons, Daniel, Edward and George, and John 
Eliot, who seems to have been a tutor in his family. Mr. Eliot 
became pastor of the church in Roxbury and did missionary 
work among the Indians. Mr. Denison was a deacon of the 
Roxbury church. He had been liberally educated and his sons 
were also carefully educated. He died in Roxbury January 25, 
1653. George Denison, son of William Denison, was born in 
1618, was married first in 1640 to Bridget Thompson, daughter 
of John Thompson, gent, of Preston, Northamptonshire, Eng- 
land, whose widow, Alice, had come to America and settled in 
Roxbury. The wife, Bridget, died in 1643. George Denison 
then went to England, served under Cromwell in the army of the 
Parliament, won distinction, was wounded at Naseby, was nursed 
at the house of John Borodell,Cork, Ireland, by his daughter Ann, 
was married to Ann, returned to Roxbury, and finally settled at 
Stonington, Conn. George Denison died in Hartford October 
23, i§94, while there on some special business. His wife, Ann 
Borodell, died September 26, 17 12, aged ninety-seven years. 
They were both remarkable for magnificent personal appearance 
and for force of mind and character. They held a foremost place 
in Stonington. At the time of their marriage, in 1645, sne was 
thirty years old and he twenty-seven. He has been described as 
"the Myles Standish of the settlement," but he was a greater and 
more brilliant soldier than Standish. He had no equal in any 
of the colonies for conducting a war against the Indians except- 

io8S George Denison. 

ing, perhaps, Captian John Mason. Miss Calkins, in her history 
of New London, says of him : "Our early history presents no 
character of bolder and more active spirit than Captain George 
Denison ; he reminds us of the bordermen of Scotland." In 
emergencies he was always in demand, and he was almost con- 
stantly placed in important public positions. George Denison, 
son of George Denison and Ann, his wife, was born in 1653. 
He married Mercy Gorham, daughter of Captain John Gorham, 
whose wife was Desire Howland, daughter of John Howland, of 
the May Flower. They lived in Westerly, R. I. Joseph Deni- 
son, son of George Denison, was baptized November 14, 1683, 
was married February 17, 1707^0 Prudence Minor, daughter of 
Dr. Joseph Minor. He lived and died in Stonington, Conn. 
Nathan Denison, son of Joseph Denison, was born February 20, 
1 7 16, was married to Ann Carey, daughter of Eleazer Carey, 
of Windham, Conn., where he settled. He married second, 
March 15, 1778, Hannah Fuller, and about the year 1800 he 
went to Kingston, Pa., where he died March 10, 1803. His chil- 
dren were all by his first wife. Colonel Nathan Denison, son of 
Nathan Denison, was born January 25, 1741. He emigrated to 
Pennsylvania in 1769, and April 1 of that year, was married to 
Elizabeth Sill, eldest daughter of Jabez Sill. The knot was tied 
in a log cabin which stood on the corner of River and South 
streets in this city, where the residence of Reuben J. Flick now 
stands, and was the first white marriage in Wyoming. Colonel 
Denison commanded the left wing of the patriot forces in the battle 
and massacre of Wyoming, July 3, 1778. The terms of capitu- 
lation were signed by him and the articles are in the following 
language : 

Westmoreland, July 4th, 1778. 

Capitulation made and completed between Major John Butler, 
on behalf of his Majesty, King. George the Third, and Colonel 
Nathan Denniston, of the United States of America. 

Art. 1. That the inhabitants of the settlement lay down their 
arms, and the garrisons be demolished. 

2d. That the inhabitants are to occupy their farms peaceably, 
and the lives of the inhabitants preserved intire and unhurt. 

3d. That the continental stores be delivered up. 

George Denison. 1089 

4th. That Major Butler will use his utmost influence that the 
private property of the inhabitants shall be preserved intire to 

5th. That the prisoners in Forty Fort be delivered up, and that 
Samuel Finch, now in Major Butler's possession, be delivered up 

6th. That the property taken from the people called Tories, up 
the river, be made good, and they to remain in peaceable pos- 
session of their farms, unmolested, in a free trade in and through- 
out this state as far as lies in my power. 

7th. That the inhabitants that Colonel Denniston now capitul- 
ates for, together with himself, do not take up arms during the pres- 
ent contest. ^ T _ 

Nathan Denison, 

John Butler. 
Zurah Beech, 

Samuel Gustin, 

John Johnson, 

William Caldwell. 

Colonel Denison was a man of strong ability and character, 
and stood among the foremost in the region where he lived. In 
1774 he was appointed a justice of the peace for the township of 
Westmoreland, in the colony of Connecticut, and on June 1, 
1778, he was appointed one of the judges for the county of West- 
moreland, in the state of Connecticut. In 1 y/6, 1 778, 1 779 and 1 780 
he was one of the members from Westmoreland to the Connecticut 
assembly. He was also a member of the council or member of 
the Pennsylvania assembly from Luzerne county for the years 
1787, 1788 and 1789; and was also appointed, August 17, 1791, 
one of the associate judges of Luzerne county. He died at Kings- 
ton January 25, 1809. Lazarus Denison Shoemaker, of this city, 
is a grandson of Colonel Nathan Denison, through his eldest daugh- 
ter Elizabeth S., who married Elijah Shoemaker, jr. Judge Den- 
ison was one of the most prominent men of his day. Doctor 
Peck in his " History of Early Methodism," says : " Colonel 
Denison and his lady and three daughters became members of 
the Methodist church. He was a man of great influence in the 
county, of. which sufficient proof was given by the responsible 

iogo George Denison. 

positions which he was called by his fellow citizens to fill. He was 
a kind hearted and ardently pious man. His house was open to 
the weary itinerants, and too much could scarcely be done by 
the family for their comfort. All the preachers made it a place 
of rest and refreshment, while several at different times were 
quartered there as a regular boarding place. The colonel died in 
great peace. His excellent lady survived him several years, and 
then followed him to the abodes of the blessed. The venerable 
Asbury was there several times entertained, as we learn from his 
journal." George Denison, third son of Colonel Nathan Deni- 
son, was born in Kingston, Pa., February 22, 1790. He was 
educated at the Wilkes-Barre Academy, then under the charge 
of Garrick Mallery. In his minority he served as the deputy 
of his brother, Colonel Lazarus Denison, the register and re- 
corder of Luzerne county, and on April 30, 181 2, he was himself 
appointed to these offices for a term of three years. From 181 1 
to 1 8 14 he was clerk of the Wilkes-Barre borough council, and 
was for many years a member of the council, serving as its presi- 
dent in 1823 and 1824. In 181 8 he was elected a member of the 
board of trustees of the Wilkes-Barre Academy, and served 
until his death. In 18 15 he was elected to the legislature of 
Pennsylvania and reelected in 1816, 1827, 1828, 1829 and 1830. 
He was a member of congress from 18 18 to 1822. In 1824 he 
was appointed deputy attorney general of Pennsylvania. In 
1828 he was one of the presidential electors on the Adams ticket. 
From May, 1829, to May, 1830, he was burgess of the borough 
of Wilkes-Barre. On May 30, 18 16, he married Caroline Bow- 
man, daughter of Ebenezer Bowman. (See page 1050) They 
had three children. His youngest son, Rev. Henry Mande- 
vile Bowman, married Alice, daughter of President John Tyler. 
Mr. Denison died August 20, 1832. His wife died July r, 1833. 
It is believed that all their children are now deceased. 

By the act of March 24, 18 12, the eleventh judicial district 
was formed and originally included the counties of Bradford, 
Susquehanna, Tioga and Wayne. The governor was directed 
to appoint a president of the district and two judges for each 

John Bannister Gibson. 1091 

county, their jurisdiction and authority to begin after the second 
Tuesday in the following October. By the act of March 12, 
1813, Luzerne was attached to and made part of the eleventh 
district; the president of said district and the associate judges 
of the county to hold the several courts. Under this change the 
first term of court was held in July 18 13 and was presided over 
by Judge Bannister Gibson. He continued to be president judge 
until June, 18 16, when he was commissioned one of the justices 
of the Supreme Court. The last term of court held by him in 
Luzerne as president was April term 18 16. 


John Bannister Gibson, the fourth president judge of Luzerne 
county, Pa., was the son of Lieutenant Colonel George Gibson, a 
native of Lancaster, Pa., where he was born October 10, 1747. 
He received an academic education, entered a mercantile house 
in Philadelphia, and made several voyages as supercargo to the 
West Indies. When the revolution began he raised a company 
and was appointed captain in a state regiment. His soldiers were 
distinguished for good conduct and bravery, and were known in 
the army as "Gibson's Lambs." In order to obtain a supply of 
gunpowder he descended the Mississippi with twenty-five picked 
men, and after a hazardous journey succeeded in accomplishing 
his mission. On his return he was appointed to a command in a 
Virginia regiment, joined General Washington before the evacu- 
ation of New York, and was engaged in all the principal battles 
of the campaign of 1778. He retired to his farm in Cumberland 
county, Pa., after the war, and was county lieutenant until 1791, 
when he took command of a regiment in the St. Clair expedition 
against the Ohio Indians. At the battle of Miami, November 4, 
1 79 1, he received a mortal wound, and died in Fort Jefferson, Ohio, 
December 14, 1791. 

John Bannister Gibson, who held his first court here at July 
term, 18 13, was commissioned as president judge of the eleventh 

1092 John Bannister Gibson. 

judicial district October 16, 18 12. He was a native of Shear- 
man's Valley, now in Perry county, Pa., where he was born No- 
vember 8, 1780. He was educated at Dickinson College, Carlisle, 
Pa., read law under Thomas Duncan, afterwards judge of the 
Supreme Court of this state, was admitted to the bar of Cumber- 
land county in 1803, practiced successively in Carlisle and Bea- 
ver, Pa., and in Hagerstown, Maryland; returning to Carlisle, 
was elected by the then republican party in 1 8 1 o and again in 1 8 1 1 to 
the state legislature, in which he filled a prominent station, giving 
a zealous support to the administrations of Governor Snyder and 
President Madison. He was appointed president judge by Gov- 
ernor Snyder, and resided here until June, 18 16, when he was 
made an associate judge of the Supreme Court of this state. On 
the death of Chief Justice Tilghman, in 1827, he became chief 
justice, and held that position until 185 1. So distinguished was 
his ability, learning and impartiality, that, after the adoption of 
the amended constitution of 1838, in times of the highest and 
bitterest party excitement, Governor Ritner, forgetting his per- 
sonal and party feelings, and looking only to the qualifications 
necessary for that high office, reappointed him chief justice of 
this commonwealth. He sat on the supreme bench with twenty- 
six different associates, of whom eighteen preceded him to the 
grave. During the long period of his judicial labors he dis- 
cussed and decided innumerable questions. His opinions are 
found in no less than seventy volumes of reports, from 2 Sergeant 
& Rawle to 7 Harris. At the time of his death he had been 
longer in office than any contemporary judge in the world, and 
in some points of character he had not his equal on the earth. 
Such vigor, clearness and precision of thought were never before 
united with the same felicity of diction. Brougham has sketched 
Lord Stowell justly enough as the greatest judicial writer that 
England could boast of for force and beauty of style. He selects 
a sentence and calls on the reader to admire the remarkable ele- 
gance of its structure. We believe that Judge Gibson never 
wrote an opinion in his life from which a passage might not be 
taken stronger, as well as more graceful in its tone of expression, 
than this which is selected with so much care by a most zealous 
friend from all of Lord Stowell's. His written language was a 

John Bannister Gibson. 1093 

transcript of his mind. It gave the world the very form and 
presence of his thoughts. It was accurate because he knew the 
exact boundaries of the principles he discussed. His style was 
rich, but he never turned out of his way for figures of speech. 
He never sacrificed sense to sound, or preferred ornament to 
substance. His words were always precisely adapted to the sub- 
ject. He said neither more nor less than just the thing he ought. 
When a legal principle passed through his hands he sent it forth 
clothed in a dress which fitted it so exactly that nobody ever 
presumed to give it any other. Almost universally the syllabus 
of his opinion is a sentence from itself; and the most heedless 
student, in looking over Wharton's Digest, can select the cases 
in which Gibson delivered the judgment as readily as he could 
pick out gold coins from among coppers. For this reason it is 
that, though he was the least voluminous writer of the court, the 
citations from him at the bar are more numerous than from all 
the rest put together. An opinion of his was an unbroken chain 
of logic from beginning to end. His argumentation was always 
characterized by great power, and sometimes it rose into irresistible 
energy, dashing opposition to pieces with force like that of a bat- 
tering ram. He was inflexibly honest. The judicial ermine was 
as unspotted when he laid it aside for the habiliments of the 
grave as it was when he first assumed it. Next after his wonder- 
ful intellectual endowments, the benevolence of his heart was the 
most marked feature of his character. His was a most genial 
spirit; affectionate and kind to his friends, and magnanimous to 
his enemies. Benefits received by him were engraved on his mem- 
ory as on a tablet of brass; injuries were written in sand. He 
never let the sun go down upon his wrath. He lacked the 
quality which Dr. Johnson admired. He was not a good hater. 
His accomplishments were very extraordinary. He was a born 
musician, and the natural talent was highly cultivated. He was 
a connoisseur in painting and sculpture. The whole round of 
English literature was familiar to him. He was at home among 
the ancient classics. He had a perfectly clear perception of all 
the great truths of natural science. He had studied medicine 
carefully in his youth, and understood it well. His mind ab- 
sorbed all kinds of knowledge with scarcely an effort. 

I0Q4 John Bannister Gibson. 

Judge Gibson was well appreciated by his fellow citizens; not 
so highly as he deserved, for that was scarcely possible. But 
admiration of his talents and respect for his honesty were uni- 
versal sentiments. This was strikingly manifested when he was 
elected, in 185 i, with no emphatic political standing, and without 
manners, habits or associations calculated to make him popular 
beyond the circle that knew him intimately. With all these dis- 
advantages, it is said, he narrowly escaped what might have been 
a dangerous distinction — a nomination on both of the opposing 
tickets — and was the only one of the former incumbents who was 
nominated by the democratic party, remaining on the bench as 
an associate justice until his death. 

His residence in Wilkes-Barre was on Northampton street, 
between Franklin and Main, now occupied by Mrs. Hugh Mur- 
ray, and next door to the residence of Agib Ricketts, Esq. In 
the hours of relaxation from the exercise of official duties and his 
law and literary reading, he seemed to take especial pleasure, in 
company with his scientific friend, the late Jacob Cist, Esq., to 
visit different portions of the valley, note its geological structure, 
particularly the extent and position of the anthracite coal de- 
posits, then, from the praiseworthy experiments of Judge Fell 
and their fortunate results, just beginning to merge into importance, 
and also with more than common curiosity and delight to visit 
the remains of the ancient Indian fortifications. In one of their 
excursions to examine the large fortification on the farm late of 
James Hancock, in Plains township, they found a medal bearing 
on one side the impress of King George I., dated 17 14, the year 
in which he began his reign, and on the other side the likeness 
of an Indian chief. He was one of the trustees of the Wilkes- 
Barre Academy from 18 14 to 18 17, two years of which time he 
was president. 

When called to the supreme bench his departure from Wilkes- 
Barre was regarded with emotions of mingled pleasure and regret. 
All were glad at the occurrence of an event so propitious to him 
personally, and promising increased utility to that elevated tri- 
bunal, yet all were sorry to part with him either as a judge or 

He married, in 18 10, Sarah W. Galbraith, of East Pennsboro 

Thomas Bleasdale Overton. 1095 

township, Cumberland county, Pa. She was the great-grand- 
daughter of James Galbraith (son of John Galbraith), of Scotch 
parentage, who was born in 1666, in the north of Ireland, from 
whence he emigrated in 17 18, settling in Conestoga (afterwards 
Donegal) township, then Chester county, province of Pennsyl- 
vania. He was one of the founders of old Derry church, a man 
of prominence, and the head of a remarkable family. His wife 
was Rebecca Chambers. He died August 23, 1744. James 
Galbraith, son of James Galbraith, was born in 1703, in the north 
of Ireland. He took up a tract of land in now Derry township, 
Dauphin county, Pa., on Spring creek, in 1737. He became a 
man of note on the frontiers, and the early provincial records of 
Pennsylvania contain frequent reference to him ; was elected 
sheriff of the county in 1742; for many years was one of the 
justices for the county of Lancaster, and served as an officer 
during the Indian wars, 175 5—1763 ; towards the revolutionary 
period removed to Cumberland county. He married, April 6, 
1734, Elizabeth Bertram, daughter of Rev. William Bertram. He 
died June 11, 1786, in East Pennsboro township, Cumberland 
county, Pa. Andrew Galbraith, son of James Galbraith, was 
born, about 1750, in Derry township, and died about 1806, in 
East Pennsboro township. His wife was Barbara Kyle, daugh- 
ter of John Kyle, of Donegal township, Lancaster county, Pa. 
These were the parents of Mrs. Gibson. Mr. and Mrs. Judge 
Gibson left a family of five children, two sons and three daugh- 
ters. Judge Gibson died in Philadelphia May 3, 1853. 


Thomas Bleasdale Overton, who was admitted to the bar of 
Luzerne county, Pa., December 31, 18 13, was a native of Man- 
chester, England, where he was born May 21, 1791. He prac- 
ticed law in this city and died at Mobile, Alabama, about 18 19. 
He was a brother of Edward Overton, of the Luzerne bar. He 

1096 Henry King. 

married, in 18 13, in this city, Anna Maria Hodkinson, a native of 
Honduras, who came to this country in 1791 at the age of eight 
years to be educated, but never returned home. Mr. and Mrs. 
Overton had two daughters, both of whom are now deceased. 
The eldest, a maiden lady, died at Towanda April 21, 1886, and 
the youngest, Ann Heartly, became the wife of Matthias Hollen- 
back Laning. She died in Towanda, October 30, 1877. 


Charles Catlin, the eldest son of Putman Catlin, was admitted 
to the bar of Luzerne county, Pa., March 28, 18 14. He was 
born in this city March 15, 1790. In 1819 he removed to Mont- 
rose, Pa., and resided there until his death. (See page 105 1.) 


Henry King, whose ancestor, John King, came from Suffolk 
county, England, to this country about 1718, was admitted to the 
Luzerne county bar April 3, 18 15. He was a native of Palmer, 
Hampden county, Massachusetts, where he was born July 6, 
1790. In 181 2 he moved to this city and prepared for the bar in 
the office of Garrick Mallery. Shortly after his admission he 
removed to Allentown, Pa., where he was for some time the only 
lawyer. In 1825 he was elected to the state senate for the term 
of four years, upon the expiration of which he was again elected. 
In 1830, before his second term expired, he was chosen a repre- 
sentative in congress, which position he filled from 1831 to 1835. 
He died at Allentown July 13, 1861. Hon. Thomas Butler 
King, of Georgia, was a brother of Henry King. 

Thomas Meredith. 1097 


Thomas Meredith, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., August 3, 18 16, was born in Philadelphia Sep- 
tember 4, 1779. He was a descendent of Reese Meredith, of 
Philadelphia, whose wife, Martha, was a daughter of John Car- 
penter, of Philadelphia, and granddaughter of Samuel Carpenter, 
provincial treasurer and an early councillor. Samuel Meredith, 
son of Reese Meredith, was born in Philadelphia in 1741, and 
was educated at Dr. Allison's academy. He married Margaret 
Cadwalader, a daughter of Thomas Cadvvalader, the councillor. 
He was a partner in business with his father and his brother-in-law, 
George Clymer. He enlisted as major in the third battalion of 
Associators in 1775. In December, 1776, he was made lieutenant 
colonel and afterwards participated in the battle of Princeton. 
As brigadier general of the Pennsylvania militia he served at 
Brandy wine and Germantown. He resigned in 1778 and was 
subsequently a member of the assembly for several years, and a 
member of the continental congress from 1786 to 1788. At the 
organization of the federal government Washington appointed 
him treasurer of the United States. He held the office more 
than twelve years. The first money ever paid into the treasury 
was twenty thousand dollars loaned by him to the government. 
He subsequently loaned one hundred and forty thousand dollars. 
He retired after 1801 to his seat called "Belmont," near Mount 
Pleasant, Wayne county, Pa. He owned seventy-five thousand 
acres of land in Wayne county, and sixty-seven thousand acres 
in Luzerne, Lackawanna, and Wyoming counties, and George 
Clymer and himself owned altogether nearly a million of acres 
in Pennsylvania, New York, West Virginia, and Kentucky. 
He died at Belmont in 18 17. Thomas Meredith was the only 
son of Samuel and Margaret Meredith. He studied law with 
John Read and was admitted to the Philadelphia bar in 1803, but 
in 1805 removed to his father's residence, Belmont. He was a 
major of Pennsylvania militia in the war of 18 12. He also filled 
the offices of prothonotary, register of wills, and recorder of 

1098 Thomas Burnside. 

deeds for Wayne county from 1821 to 1823. He afterwards lived 
at Meredith cottage, in Carbondale township, in Luzerne (now 
Lackawanna) county. He died at Trenton, New Jersey, April 22, 
1855. He married September 19, 1823, Sarah, daughter of 
William Gibson. 


Thomas Burnside, the fourth president judge of Luzerne county, 
Pa., succeeded Judge Gibson as president of the eleventh judicial 
district. At a court held July 29, 18 16, his commission dated 
June 28, 1 8 16, was read and he took the oath. He continued to 
preside at the regular terms of court from August term, 18 16, 
until April term, 18 18. He resigned July 6, 1818. Thomas 
Burnside was born at Newton Stewart, Ireland, July 28, 1782. 
M. Auge in his " Lives of the Eminent Dead and Biographical 
Notices of Prominent Citizens of Montgomery county, Pa.," 
states that "Some years ago the author interviewed several of 
our older inhabitants to learn what might linger in their mem- 
ory as to the olden time. One of them stated that before the 
commencement of the present century, there resided a short time 
on Main street, near Stony Creek (Norristown), a Scotsman 
named William Burnside, who adhered to the old continental 
costume of looped-up hat, straight coat, buckskin breeches, with 
long stockings and large silver shoe buckles. He had recently 
arrived from the old country and stayed here a short time only, 
before locating, as he afterwards did, near Fairview, in Lower 
Providence township. Here he had several sons born to him. 
When quite a young man Thomas Burnside, son of William 
Burnside, was thrown from a horse and had a limb broken. The 
tedious hours of his confinement were therefore spent in reading, 
and shortly after he entered upon the study of the law, which 
was soon mastered, and he was admitted to the bar February 13, 
1804. He did not long remain here, but went to Centre county." 
His parents emigrated to the United States in 1792, and set- 
tled in the county of Montgomery, in this state. Thomas 

Thomas Burnside. 1099 

was apprenticed to a trade, but this not suiting his inclination or 
ambition, he managed to lay by money sufficient to pay for one 
year's schooling in the city of Philadelphia, and immediately after 
commenced reading law with Hon. Robert Porter, from whose 
office he was admitted to the bar of Philadelphia in 1804. In 
March of that year he went west and settled permanently at 
Bellefonte, Centre county, Pa., then on the frontier, and which he 
always regarded as his home, though his occupation in after life 
on the bench in different parts of the state called him away. He 
at once commenced a lucrative practice, and in this laid the 
foundation of that eminent position to which he attained in sub- 
sequent years as a land lawyer. No man in Pennsylvania better 
understood the land laws of his state than he. It is doubtful if 
he had his equal. His name is intimately blended in the settle- 
ment of titles to real estate in Pennsylvania. Warrants and sur- 
veys, Indian purchases, tax titles and Yankee claims were fami- 
liar matters with Thomas Burnside, and he was always regarded 
as authority on these questions. Possessing that peculiar fervid 
temperament which seems to belong eminently to the Scotch char- 
acter be entered into the profession with great zeal, and at the 
same time took an active part in the politics of the country, 
which was then running at fever heat. He was of the Jefferson, 
McKean and Snyder school in politics, and a leader. He repre- 
sented his district in the state senate in 18 11, his first public 
honor. Three years later he was sent to congress. At the close 
of the session of 18 16 he returned home, and in the summer of 
that year he was appointed judge, as before stated. Hon. David 
Scott succeeded him as president judge of this judicial district. 
During his residence in Wilkes-Barre he was a great favorite 
with the citizens from his social, genial habits. His duties on 
the bench were discharged with signal ability, and he was 
as popular with the bar as he was with the people of the 
town. It was here that he formed that life-long intimacy with 
the late George M. Hollenback, Esq. No two men were ever 
more closely united in personal intimacy. It was, indeed, re- 
markable, the friendship that existed between them. In 18 17 he 
was elected a member of the borough council of Wilkes-Barre, 
and was president of the council. Garrick Mallery, Samuel Maf- 

iioo Thomas Burnside. 

fit and Andrew Beaumont were also members of the council 
that year. 

Judge Burnside returned to Bellefonte in 1818 and resumed 
his profession at the bar. In 1823, or thereabouts, he was again 
elected to the senate of the state. During this term he was 
speaker of that body. In 1826, while a member of the senate, 
he was appointed president judge of the fourth district, which in- 
cluded Centre county. Here he remained continuously on the 
bench for fifteen years, discharging with great tact and signal 
ability the delicate duties of his place. In 1841 he was appointed, 
on the death of Judge Fox, president judge of the Bucks and 
Montgomery district. In 1845 he was commissioned by Gover- 
nor Shunk as one of the justices of the supreme bench of the 
state, where he remained till his death, which occurred on March 
25, 185 1, at the ripe age of three score and ten years. As an 
advocate, Judge Burnside ranked in the profession more as a 
substantial lawyer and profound jurist than what we understand 
as an orator. He was strong before the jury. No man had a 
better knowledge of human nature. In his intercourse in the dif- 
ferent positions of life he had acquired that important element 
of success in all occupations, of knowing the character, and 
weighing them too, of the masses. That crowning feature of the 
human intellect, which Pope has defined as the greatest acquisi- 
tion, the knowledge of man, was the predominating element in 
the well balanced mind of Thomas Burnside. As a judge, he 
ever aimed at the all important point of administering fair and 
impartial justice. He had a contempt for legal technicalities when 
they crossed the beaten track of equity. His whole mind seemed 
occupied with the noble desire of rendering equal and exact jus- 
tice, and in carrying it out, to disregard the cobweb meshes which 
sometimes intervene between right and wrong. His opinions 
were short and terse, always to the point, and not clouded by a 
multiplicity of verbiage. He was a man of strong impulses, and 
maintained his opinions most strenuously. This one can afford 
to do when in the right. Judge Burnside was a most agreeable 
man in his social relations. He enjoyed a joke, and in turn he 
could give one. Some of his anecdotes are still fresh in the 
minds of those who survive him in this city, though over half a 

David Scott. i ioi 

century has intervened since he left the bench of this county. 
This biographical notice may be summed up in saying : That 
Judge Burnside was a genuine and acknowledged example of the 
men who in the early history of the country gave the stamp and 
impression upon their age, as one marked by stern necessity, 
simple manners, generous in hospitality, and whose professional 
labors far exceeded the compensation awarded to them ; the type 
of a race of men, if not extinct, at least adulterated by the cus- 
toms and manners and practices of the age succeeding them ; a 
character, resulting from the close economy and limited means 
of their day and generation ; their descendants have acquired 
lessons of ease and prodigality unknown to their ancestors. A 
judge now receives four times the salary of one in the days of 
Burnside, and very probably does not do half the labor of a judge 
of that time. Of the lawyers and judges of the forepart of the 
nineteenth century, Thomas Burnside may be justly compared 
with the best of them in ability, learning and honesty of purpose. 
In these particulars he was an ornament to the legal profession, 
and his ermine as a judge maintained its purity to the close of 
his eventful life. He left to survive him ten children. His wife 
was Miss Mary Fleming, of Bellefonte. 


Josiah H. Miner was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., October 31, 18 16. He was principal of the Wilkes-Barre 
Academy for a short period, and in 18 16 served as one of the 
trustees of the same. He died of consumption March 14, 18 18. 


By the act of February 25, 1818, the counties of Bradford, 
Susquehanna, and Tioga were taken from the eleventh judicial 
district and formed into a separate district — the thirteenth. By 

uo2 Edward Overton. 

the act of March 26, 18 14, the county of Pike had been erected 
out of a part of Wayne and was attached to the eleventh 
district. Hence, after the creation of the thirteenth district the 
eleventh consisted of the counties of Luzerne, Pike, and Wayne. 
The county of Monroe was erected in 1836 and attached to the 
eleventh district. David Scott, commissioned July 7, 181 8, suc- 
ceeded Judge Burnside as president of the eleventh district 
as constituted in 1818. As such he presided in the courts of 
Luzerne from August term, 1818, to January term, 1838. He 
resigned March 17, 1838, on account of deafness. Judge Scott 
was succeeded by William Jessup, who was commissioned April 
7, 1838. (For a sketch of Judge Scott's life see page 392). 


Edward Overton, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., August 5, 1818, was a native of Clithers, Lanca- 
shire, England, where he was born December 30, 1795. His 
father was Thomas Overton, from Wales, and his mother Mary 
Bleasdale, of Lancashire, England. Mr. Overton was educated 
at Kirkby, Lonsdale, Westmoreland, England, and read law with 
his uncle, Giles Bleasdale, barrister, London, England. He 
practiced law in this city, at Athens and Towanda, in Bradford 
county, Pa. He married in this city, May 13, 1818, Eliza Cly- 
mer, a daughter of Henry Clymer, son of George Clymer, who 
was born in Philadelphia in 1739 — a signer of the declaration of 
independence, one of the frame rs of the constitution of the United 
States, first president of the bank of Philadelphia, and first presi- 
dent of the academy of fine arts, first continental treasurer ; 
served four years in congress. He also filled other responsible 
positions in connection with the government. He died at Mor- 
risville, Pa., January 23, 1813. The mother of Mrs. Overton was 
Mary Willing, a daughter of Thomas Willing, a partner of Rob- 
ert Morris, mayor of Philadelphia, president of the first chartered 
bank of America, and president of the first bank of the United 
•States. Edward Overton died at Towanda October 17, 1878. 

George Catlin. no- 


George Catlin was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, Pa., 
January 4, 18 19. He was the fifth child of Putnam Catlin. (See 
page 105 1). He was born in this city July 26, 1796. During the 
first fifteen years of his boyhood he lived much with nature, and 
became an accomplished hunter and sportsman. He says : "In 
my early youth I was influenced by two predominant and invet- 
erate propensities, viz., for hunting and fishing. My father and 
mother had great difficulty in turning my attention from these to 
books." His only education was that usual for the sons of per- 
sons of means in the colonies, but it was supervised by the 
counsel of his judicious father, and added to by the constant care 
of his mother, from whom, unquestionably, he received his artis- 
tic taste and love of nature. Of the story of his boyhood days 
nothing is preserved save a few notes in his own publications, 
but in the surroundings of his youth we see the beginning of the 
germ that developed into the future Indian enthusiast. His early 
life in New York and in the valley of Wyoming was filled with 
legends and traditions of the red men. Long winter nights were 
spent by the fireside with sturdy pioneers, whose conversation 
was of midnight raids and assaults by day. Hospitality was the 
watchword of his father, and the traveling stranger was welcomed 
with open hands to the family table. Revolutionary soldiers, 
Indian fighters, trappers, hunters and explorers were constant 
guests, and young George, with hungering mind, eagerly caught 
up the stories and preserved traditions. Coupled with this were 
days spent in the harvest fields, where the noonday rest was the 
time for stories of the early settlement, which will account for the 
sturdy desire for Indian adventure which later years satisfied. 
His description of his boyhood home from his tenth to his 
twentieth year best expresses one reason for the acquirement of 
his desire for romantic life and research amongst the Indians : 
"My father's plantation (farm), in the picturesque little valley of 
the Ouaquaga, on the banks of the Susquehanna river, hemmed 
in with huge mountains on either side, * * * though not 

uo4 George Catlin. 

the place of my nativity, was the tapis on which my boyish days 
were spent, and rife with legends of Indian lore." Here he 
received additional impressions from his surroundings and the 
incidents he heard related, which gave him his love for the Indians. 
Though the Indians had long since disappeared, legends and 
stories of them were constantly told and kept before his boyish 
mind the heroism and life of the red man, even then being pushed 
toward the far west. His youthful fancy was thus fed by tradi- 
tions, and his sight by objects which constantly fed his increasing 
love of Indians and Indian romance. His father sold the New 
York farm in 1808 and removed to one at Hopbottom. He 
taught school for a while at Brooklyn, Susquehanna county, Pa. 
In 1 8 17 he went to the law school of Reeves & Gould, at Litch- 
field, Conn., where he remained until 1818. While there he 
became noted as an amateur artist. While at law school in 18 18 
Mr. Catlin painted a portrait of Judge Tapping Reeves. In 
1 8 19 he returned to Pennsylvania, where he entered upon the 
study and then the practice of the law in the courts of Luzerne 
and adjoining counties. All the time, however, his taste for art 
was growing, and his dislike for the irksome exactions of the law 
increasing. Of this in 1861 he writes: "During this time (while 
practicing law from 1820 to 1823) another and stronger passion 
was getting the advantage of me, that for painting, to which all 
my love of pleading soon gave way ; and after having covered 
nearly every inch of the lawyers' tables (and even encroached 
upon the judge's bench), with penknife, pen and ink and pencil 
sketches of judges, jurors and culprits, I very deliberately resolved 
to convert my law library into paint pots and brushes, and to 
pursue painting as my future and apparently more agreeable 
profession." In 1871 Mr. Catlin related an incident to Prof. Jo- 
seph Henry in connection with his attempt to practice law at 
Wilkes-Barre : " My first case was the defense of an Irishman 
who was arraigned for stealing a hand saw and broad axe. The 
prisoner acknowledged to me that he stole the articles, but not- 
withstanding this, by making the worse appear the better cause, 
I succeeded in convincing the jury that he was not guilty. The 
man afterwards asked me whether or not I had informed the jury 
that he had stolen the articles. 'No,' was the answer; to which 

George Catlin. 1105 

the client replied : 'How then did they acquit me ? Did you not 
say that to get me clear I must tell you the truth ?' " His sen- 
sible father and mother did not interfere, and he went to Phila- 
delphia to reside and practice the calling of an artist. He settled 
in that city in 1823, and was at once admitted to the fellowship 
of the fraternity of artists in that city. Thomas Sully, John Na- 
gle, Charles Wilson and Rembrandt Peale became his friends. 
He was entirely self taught as an artist. In the pursuit of his 
calling he visited Washington, 1824 to 1829, painting some pub- 
lic men and many of the first people of that city, notably Mrs. 
Dolly Madison, in a turban, a picture which has been reproduced 
many times. At Richmond in 1829-30 he painted the famous 
constitutional convention of 1829 (one hundred and fifteen 
figures) in session, with a key, a most comprehensive andexact 
work, and invaluable, as it contains portraits of the distinguished 
gentlemen who composed the convention. The portraits in it 
are good, and the persons easily recognized. In Philadelphia he 
was very popular as a miniature and portrait painter. He visited 
Albany in 1828, and painted many of the members of the legis- 
lature and other prominent men. He painted at that time a por- 
trait of Governor DeWitt Clinton, which now hangs in the 
governors' room in the city hall, New York. In the practice of 
his art he was in New York, Buffalo, Norfolk, and other cities, 
and for a long time before and after these duties was in the path 
of all Indian delegations on the way to and returning from Wash- 
ington. In the early days, when the Indian tribes were recog- 
nized as separate nations, a frequent pilgrimage to the seat of 
government under national auspices was an almost indispensable 
element of control of the Indians. When the congress of the 
confederation was in Philadelphia, and often while Washington 
was president, delegations of Indians were constantly coming 
and going. Red Jacket, Black Hawk, Keokuk, and other famous 
Indians were familiar faces to its citizens. Mr. Catlin, in his 
earlier years, was very ambitious in his art. He was constantly 
searching for a special field in which he could become distin- 
guished. In 1 86 1, writing of this, he says: "I there (at Phila- 
delphia) closely applied my hand to the labors of the art (painting) 
for several years, during which time my mind was continually 

it 06 George Catlin. 

reaching for some branch or enterprise of the art on which to 
devote a whole lifetime of enthusiasm, when a delegation of some 
ten or fifteen noble and dignified looking Indians from the wilds 
of the far west suddenly arrived in the city, arrayed and equipped 
in all their classic beauty, with shield and helmet, with tunic and 
manteau, tinted and tasseled off exactly for the painter's pallette." 
This sight turned his thoughts toward his Indian gallery. Re- 
flection upon the possibilities of Indian art confirmed his impres- 
sions, and he determined to execute his idea of "Catlin's North 
American Indian Gallery." Of this, in 1861, he writes: "In the 
midst of success (as a painter) I again resolved to use my art 
and so much of the labors of my future life as might be required 
in rescuing from oblivion the looks and customs of the vanishing 
races of native men in America, to which I plainly saw they were 
hastening before the approach and certain progress of civiliza- 
tion." It was a high and noble ambition, worthily conceived 
and most faithfully executed. Mr. Catlin became an enthusiast 
in his work, and necessarily so, for no one but an enthusiast could 
have executed so difficult a task and so thoroughly. He hoped 
and believed that his work would survive him, and throughout 
his writings can be found the frequently occurring statement 
that he was painting for the future. From 1829 to 1871, a period 
of forty-two years, he entirely followed his life work. In all lands 
and in all climes, in North and South America and in Europe, 
his name was a familiar one from 1830 to 1 87 1. In that time 
he saw the dreams of his early manhood realized, and knew that 
the world felt the influence of his work. Steadiness of character 
and firmness of opinion were his aids ; with these and indomita- 
ble courage he succeeded. His friends were many and faithful; 
his enemies few, and they from motives of self-interest. He was 
never even comfortably off in money matters, relying for his live- 
lihood upon his brush or his pen. He lived poor and died the 
same. He received no pecuniary aid, governmental or indi- 
vidual, in the prosecution of his work. He was a gentleman by 
instinct and culture, and in all stations of life, whether on the 
plains with the Indians, or in a palace with a king, he was at 
home. He received many earthly distinctions and honors in his 
lifetime, but none above his merit. The larger portion of his 

Oristus Collins. i 107 

Indian Gallery is in the United States National Museum (Smith- 
sonian Institution) at Washington, D. C. He was the author of 
several works on Indian customs and manners and on general 
subjects. He married, May 10, 1828, Clara B. Gregory, of 
Albany, N. Y. Mr. Catlin died at Jersey City, N. J., December 
23, 1872. Mrs. Catlin died in Paris July 28, 1845. Three chil- 
dren survived the death of Mr. Catlin — Elizabeth Wing Catlin, 
Clara Gregory Catlin, of New York, and Mrs. Louise Victoria 
Kinney, of Washington, D. C. 


Oristus Collins, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne coun- 
ty, Pa., April 8, 18 19, was born in Marlboro, Connecticut, Sep- 
tember 22, 1792. His lineage on the father's side is distinctly 
traceable to one John Collins, of Boston, Massachusetts, the date 
of whose crossing the Atlantic and settlement in this country 
has never been satisfactorily determined. The stock is supposed 
to be English, but some things dispose to a doubt. The usual 
stature, complexion, vigor, and length of life, in one and all, indi- 
cate Irish blood. This doubt hardly had its origin in an amusing 
anecdote, familiar to the judge's friends: An Irishman was tried 
before him at Lancaster, Pa., and when he received his sentence, 
a lighter penalty was imposed than the convicted man expected. 
So great was his surprise, he complimented the judge by the 
remark, that "he knew the 0' Collinses in Ireland, and they were 
among the most respectable." The judge seldom, if ever, signed 
his name in full — Oristus. With no little humor, he was pleased 
to descant upon the names of his more immediate or remote rel- 
atives : his brothers, Alonzo, Decius, Lucius, Lorenzo, Abner, 
Theron, Aretas, or running further back — Cyprian, Ambrose, 
Triphena, Homer, Cicero, Plato, and Virgil, Ruhamah, Hephsi- 
bah, Sibyl, Asenath, even Tyrannus. 

The first John, of Boston, is supposed to have been a merchant, 
and this form of business appears to have marked the next two 

no8 ' Oristus Collins. 

generations. But in the third following appeared a clergyman, 
one Timothy, graduated from Yale College, class 171 8, a native 
of Guilford, Connecticut, born 1699. He was the first pastor of 
the Litchfield Congregational church, served 31 years, and then 
retiring, for twenty years practiced medicine within the bounds 
of his former charge, serving also acceptably as justice of the 
peace in the same town. At the attack upon Crown Point, 1755, 
Timothy was appointed surgeon of a Connecticut regiment. His 
wife, Ann Leete, daughter of William Leete, was at this time 
noted for her knowledge of one branch of surgery, midwifery ; 
and it is recorded that in an extreme case she was drawn upon a 
hand-sled four and one-half miles to relieve suffering. It is per- 
haps worthy of remark that the home of the Leetes was distin- 
guished as a place of retreat for Whalley and Goffe, the regicides 
of Charles. So, also, that this William Leete, afterwards Gov- 
ernor Leete, was bred to the law in England, and for a consider- 
able time served as clerk in the Bishop's Court, in Cambridge. 
Here, observing the oppression and cruelties practiced on the 
Puritans, he was led to examine the subject, and giving up his 
office he became a Puritan. Thus early did the religious element 
appear in this family, in connection with independent thinking. 

The law of heredity might lead us to expect, what we find 
in the next generation, a physician in the son Charles, of whom, 
however, we have little more than date of birth, marriage, etc., 
— his marriage into the distinguished family of Huntington ; 
the birth of ten children — one of whom became the mother of 
the American poet, John Pierrepont, and Lewis, the eldest son, 
father of Oristus. Lewis was born October 29, 1753. A physi- 
cian of ability and repute, he married, for a second wife, into the 
family of Huntington, and with a family of seven children set 
out from New England for Pennsylvania, a colony of Connecti- 
cut. A desire to withdraw his sons from the temptations of a 
seafaring life disposed him to seek a home far from the Atlantic 
coast, and in 1804 he settled permanently at Cherry Ridge, 
Wayne county, Pennsylvania. There, amid no little responsibil- 
ity on the farm, turning a hand to various employments, fruit 
growing, sugar making, and bee culture, the boy Oristus ripened 
into manhood, except in so far as he was afforded occasional edu- 

Oristus Collins. i 109 

cational opportunities at Owego, New York, or at Litchfield, 
Connecticut. It is narrated that, at a visit from a clergyman, the 
father, Dr. Collins, was seen in the field making hay, having five 
sons following him with scythes, and five raking and binding. 

Oristus' mother, Louisa Huntington, a daughter of Hon. Oli- 
ver Huntington, of Lebanon, Connecticut, brings into view a 
line noted in the history of this country, and easily traceable to 
the hunting grounds of Saxon, Dane, and Norman — that tract of 
England lying between Cambridge on the east and Northampton 
and Bedfordshire, on the west, filled with all kinds of English 
game. This hunting ground gave a name to families of greatest 
eminence and most distinguished culture, on both eastern and 
western continents. Thence they have radiated, until they are 
reckoned by thousands bearing, through marriage, names Bing- 
ham, Backus, Carew, Chauncey, Clark, Crane, Fitch, Forbes, 
Goodrich, Hyde, Lathrop, Lincoln, Leffingwell, Tracey, Wales, 
Walworth, Wheelock, Wright. Says one biographer : "In five 
of our states we have furnished members for political conven- 
tions, in which state constitutions were made, or ratified, or 
amended. In Connecticut we were represented by three of the 
name, in the convention of 1788, for ratifying the constitution of 
the United States. In the convention of 1818, we had another. 
New York had two at work upon hers. Ohio, her second Gov- 
ernor upon hers. New Hampshire, upon hers. As representa- 
tives or senators, and they are about equally divided, we have 
furnished not less than thirty for state legislatures, and a solid 
half dozen for our national congress. Of judges of county courts, 
superior judges, and federal and chief justices, we can count at 
least fifteen. Nearly one hundred on our list have taken colle- 
giate honors, a number which, for its ratio to the entire list, is 
probably unequaled by any other New England family. Our 
ministers have exceeded one-third of our college list, and our 
lawyers and doctors have nearly equaled one third each." 

"In days when to cling to our country's cause was treason, 
patriotism was our family trait. No threats of governmental ven- 
geance and no seductions of governmental favor could, for a 
moment, weaken or repress. It was no mean compliment that 
General Washington, all through the war, made Jedediah a coun- 

1 1 10 Oristus Collins. 

selor and confidant. As regards the religious element of the 
family, note such names in the church as Lyman, Strong, Griffin, 
Perkins, Smith, and Baldwin, or of noble women, Winslow, 
Hutchins, and Perry, whose names have a holy savor on heathen 
soil." Whether the subject of this sketch had any connection 
with the English poet, Collins, can not be determined. But there 
is no question as regards his relation to Lydia M. Sigourney and 
John Pierrepont. To justify so full a reference to the maternal 
side, it may be well to quote. "Our sons and daughters, their 
character and influence, made what it is more by maternal influ- 
ence — these are the natural testimonials of the character and 
worth of our mothers!' Of the boyhood of Oristus little is 
known, as indicating his promise, unless it be the fact that as a 
student at school it became quite habitual for him to pass from 
school to school, having in each exhausted the stock of learning 
possessed by the teacher to whom he was sent. Such unusual 
rapidity of acquisition is confirmed by the appearance of his Latin 
grammar, which shows no signs of being thumbed, but is as clean as 
on the day of its purchase. In six weeks from commencing Latin, 
he had read Virgil. It was with an eye twinkling with conscious 
ability or caustic criticism, he was wont to remark to the youths 
in his family that "he was graduated at the foot of sign posts 
and grave stones." His hand writing had much of the elegance 
of engraving, and even in his old age remained distinct and legi- 
ble. His style of composition was concise and clear; careful, 
but easy and graceful ; free from all attempts at adornment ; 
severe in its logic, showing self discipline and a due sense of 
responsibility to his own keen criticism. Indeed, he was wont 
to remark that he did not see that there was any reason, but lazi- 
ness or incompetency, which should render criticism by another 
necessary to the improvement of one's style. He was early con- 
versant with the wide field of English literature; had read all the 
British poets and essayists. With metaphysics, as such, he had 
little patience, but in early youth he had studied "Watts on the 
Mind," and later had mastered "Locke on the Human Under- 
standing." He was a careful reader of the best works by the 
British bar, and Grattan, Curran, Emmett, and Burke were famil- 
iar studies. All that he read seemed to dispose him the more to 

Oristus Collins. i i i i 

look to the power of his own mind, for whatever success he might 
hope to gain. He was no servile imitator of any man, never 
could have thought of calling any man master — nullius addictus 
jurare in verba magistri. 

In 1817, after an unsatisfactory effort to please his father by the 
study of medicine, having little relish for that profession, he en- 
tered the office of Hon. Garrick Mallery, at Wilkes-Barre, as a stu- 
dent of law. In this village was a family by the name of Jewett, 
recently come from New London, Connecticut, seeking a better 
fortune and a suitable home. With five daughters and three sons, 
the widow of David H. Jewett, M. D., afforded the subject of this 
sketch a home, and eventually he found in it a wife, winning the 
affections of the youngest daughter, Nancy, whom he married 
July 17, 1823. Dr. David H. Jewett was a well known sur- 
geon and warm personal friend of General Washington. He 
was a son of Rev. David Jewett, D. D., a missionary to the 
Mohican Indians, afterwards a chaplain in the French and In- 
dian war, and later in the American revolution. Rev. Dr. 
Jewett read the burial service over Uncas, "the last of the 
Mohicans." David Jewett, a brother of Nancy, was commo- 
dore of the Brazilian navy, under Dom Pedro I. (See page 782.) 

In all his domestic life Judge Collins was a devoted stu- 
dent of the bible. All the theological systems, of which he was 
a careful reader, he brought to the bar of the revealed word of 
God. Members of his family coming home at their vacation, 
fresh from the discussions of professors of theology, were glad to 
listen to his words of wisdom, and he was never found unwilling 
to discuss any of the questions which had engaged councils and 
drawn out able and world-renowned debate. He was wont to 
remark that every faithful student of the English bible would 
show the effects of its pure Saxon in fashioning his style, and 
that a careful reader of it could not seriously err in idiom, or be 
faulty in grammar. It was a notable fact in his religious life that 
in his old age he repeated his excursions through the penitential 
Psalms again and again, until at that one point he wore out Bible 
after bible. Decent disposal of the Holy Book could be found 
only in the fires of the furnace. He never failed to commend 
the close examination of the book to younger members of the 

1 1 1 2 Oristus Collins. 

bar, and a simple but earnest and unyielding advocacy of its 
claims marked his life. Illustration in point is afforded by Hon. 
Stanley Woodward, at the meeting of the bar on the morning of 
Judge Collins' burial. He referred to the pleasant surprise which 
the aged counselor gave the bar by once remarking that "he had 
just visited the law library, and had painfully observed the ab- 
sence of a volume which was the fountain of legal principles," 
whereupon, he drew from its concealment a copy of the bible, 
and begged the court's acceptance of it from him as a gift to the 
library which they were forming. To no small degree he inher- 
ited a temperament marked by coolness and fearlessness ; but 
added to this was a firmness, which came from the depth of his 
convictions — convictions of the claims of truth and righteousness 
— his deep and hearty assurance that there was at the helm of 
the universe, and, how much more, of the church, a power whose 
supervision was rendered unquestioned and immutable by prom- 
ises which declared Him a God of truth and holiness, ever watch- 
ful over the weakest disposed to serve him. It was this that 
emboldened him to break up a horse-race on Main street, Wilkes- 
Barre, and, amid the gathered multitude, to seize the horse and 
lead him away as forfeited by law. It was this that gave him 
confidence on the grounds of an adverse political gathering in 
Lancaster, Pennsylvania, during his judgeship, to which he was 
appointed by Governor Ritner, August 8, 1836. He was taking 
notes upon a speech by Hon. James Buchanan, when roughs 
threatened him and sought to drive him from the grounds. Coolly 
putting his hand beneath his coat, where might have been fire- 
arms — which he never carried — he kept the bullies at respect- 
ful distance, while he deliberately withdrew to a place of safety- 
He was not easily alarmed, as was once proven in the court room 
at Wilkes-Barre, when an inconsiderate lawyer threatened to 
"pitch him over the bar." Rising from his seat, he unflinchingly 
approached the braggadocio and assured him that the best mo- 
ment for the attempt was the one at hand. History fails to 
record any conflict. His unassuming manner may have been 
mistaken for a want of spirit. At his first entering the office 
of Hon. Garrick Mallery as a student of law some young lawyers 
induced a young woman to disguise herself, and, entering the 

Oris rus Collins. i i i 3 

office, to threaten a personal assault. Seeing their numbers, and 
determined to make less of the first assailant, he would have- 
made the experiment a pitiful joke, had not the party begged for 
the release of their foolish victim, and in disgrace beaten a retreat. 

In church, no less than in state, his deep sense of the right 
and the true kept him loyal and prompt in action. He had 
a tender regard for the dignity of the pulpit ; was its ever ready 
defender, saying to his pastor, "They may remove you, but can- 
not disturb me," as he often assumed the responsibility of deli- 
cate cases. He was a true churchman. In his youth a Congre- 
gationalism as all his fathers were, he turned his attention to 
questions of church government, and accepted the claims of 
Presbyterianism as having a broader basis than those of Congre- 
gationalism. He thereupon urged a change in the organization 
of the church, which is now the "First Presbyterian" of Wilkes- 
Barre, effected his purpose, and, becoming one of its first bench 
of elders, served in that capacity for more than fifty years. 
As was remarked by Hon. Henry W. Palmer, at the meeting of the 
bar, on the day of the judge's burial, "Had he lived in the troub- 
lous days of the revolution, he would have stood with Crom- 
well, Hampden, and Sir Henry Vane, in defence of the people^®- 
rights, against kingly prerogative or priestly assumption." 

He was the friend of the poor, and not once or twice Was 
their testimony rendered to his praise. Here is an instance, re- 
ported in later years by the man himself: "I bought a horse of the 
judge and gave him my note. The horse not long after died. I 
reported the loss and my inability to pay." 'It matters not,' re- 
plied the judge, 'When the horse died, the note died.' It hardly 
need be said that he was the friend of the oppressed African, and 
an ardent supporter of the administration, during the late war 
Long before that, he was, on every principle of humanity, the- 
black man's friend ; and, while more prudent than abolitionists 
generally, he was no less determined in his opposition to slaver}'. 
As a Presbyterian, he for some time accepted the philosophy that 
slavery was not wrong per se. He was a colonizationist of the 
Henry Clay school, and had the south not proved so aggressive, 
he would have approved measures looking to the indulgence of 
slavery, till colonization might have wiped it out. 

1 1 14 John Nesbit Conyngham. 

He was an earnest advocate of temperance, and a plea made by 
him was the first published temperance document in this portion 
of the state. It is worthy of mention, but sad to relate, that 
while he, according to the customs of the times, was in the habit 
of taking his morning " dram," as was supposed beneficial to the 
health, he was induced to yield this custom and brought to main- 
tain the cause of temperance by one who afterwards sank into a 
drunkard's grave. Upon the transition of the judgeship in Penn- 
sylvania from the life tenure to periodic election, he returned 
from Lancaster to Wilkes- Barre, and resumed the practice of the 
law. In this he continued till 1874, when, owing to diminished 
acuteness of hearing, being then eighty -two years of age, he re- 
tired from the courts. In the same year when his only son and 
heir, Rev. Charles Jewett Collins, born in this city, June 25, 1825, 
withdrew from the superintendence of the public schools of the 
city of Wilkes-Barre to take charge of the preparatory school of 
the college of New Jersey, the judge accompanied him. But he 
never would withdraw his citizenship from Pennsylvania. In 
1 88 1, he followed his son to Rye, N. Y., where he peacefully 
passed away, as was remarked by the attendant physician, "with- 
out disease," at the age of ninety-two. His unassuming monu- 
ment stands in Hollenback Cemetery. 


John Nesbit Conyngham, was admitted to the bar of Lu- 
zerne county, Pa., April 3, 1820. He was a native of Phila- 
delphia, Pa., where he was born December 17, 1798. In that 
city he received his education, graduating with high honors at 
the University of Pennsylvania in 181 7. Selecting the law for 
his profession, he was entered as a student in the office of Joseph 
R. Ingersoll, and in due time was admitted to the bar and at once 
began the active practice of his profession. In 1820 he left his 
native city and decided to establish himself at Wilkes-Barre, 
where, after a few years' practice, he was elevated to the bench 

John Nesbit Conyngham. i i 15 

and became president judge of the courts of the county. While 
traveling to this city he came in contact with two persons, one of 
whom, Samuel Bowman, was a young law student, who, after his 
admission to the bar of this county, abandoned legal pursuits for 
the ministry and ultimately became the assistant bishop of the 
Protestant Episcopal church of Pennsylvania. The other was a 
granddaughter of the old revolutionary patriot and hero, Colonel 
Zebulon Butler, and who a few years later became his wife. 
Among Judge Conyngham's ancestry and connections were sev- 
eral prominent divines and prelates of the Church of England 
and Ireland. His grandfather, Redmond Conyngham, was con- 
nected with old Christ church in Philadelphia. Subsequently he 
was elected vestryman and warden by the same church, and in 1758 
was one of the foremost to assist in the erection of St. Peter's 
church at Third and Pine streets, Philadelphia. This church was 
first opened for divine service in 1761, and he was a member of 
the vestry of the united parishes of both this and Christ church 
until his decease. The father of John N. Conyngham was David 
Hayfield Conyngham, who was also connected with the last 
named church, and was ever prompt to serve its interests with 
pecuniary assistance or able counsel. In that parish the child 
was baptized and watched over in his days of infancy and boy- 
hood. While residing in Wilkes-Barre he interested himself 
greatly in the welfare of St. Stephen's church, and in 1821 was 
elected a vestryman. In 1826 a special convention, held in St. 
Peter's church, Philadelphia, was called by Bishop White to take 
into consideration the expediency of electing an assistant bishop 
of the diocese, and it was upon this occasion that he first took his 
seat in the diocesan convention as a member of that honorable 
body. In 1844 he was nominated and elected by the convention 
to the position of deputy to the general convention. In the fol- 
lowing October, in company with his lay colleagues, George M. 
Wharton, Judge Stroud, and Herman Cope, he took his seat with 
that body at Cincinnati. Subsequently, with but a single excep- 
tion, he was returned to the general convention at every session. 
In the diocesan convention he was one of the most prominent 
and influential members, was placed on many important commit- 
tees, and was highly respected for his earnestness and sterling 

1 1 1 6 John Nesbit Conyngham. 

talents. In the general convention, a body composed of four 
clergymen and four laymen from each diocese, and meeting every 
third year in order to legislate on matters involving the interests 
of the whole church in the United States, Judge Conyngham 
early attained an active and prominent position. In 1862 he was 
placed on the most important of all committees, of the house of 
clerical and law deputies, that known as the committee on 
canons. On this occasion his lay colleagues were Murray 
Hoffman, of New York; Judge Chambers, of Maryland; and 
Robert C. Winthrop, of Massachusetts. As a deputy he was 
never absent from his post, ever punctual to every appointment, 
and always ready to sacrifice all personal considerations to his 
onerous duties. Calm, logical, and withal liberal in his views, 
he strongly deprecated extreme views and actions and was never 
willing to compromise by any unwise alliance the polity or the 
ritual of his church. In 1868 he was elected president of the 
American church missionary society. This is one of the most 
important organizations in the Protestant Episcopal church, hav- 
ing its central office in New York, and embracing in its officers 
and members clergymen and laymen from nearly every diocese. 
" In this office," say the minutes adopted by that society and 
prepared by the Rev. Dr. Tyng, "his presence has brought com- 
manding dignity to the fulfillment of his duties, his eminent 
christian character has added veneration and respect to his posi- 
tion, and his decided evangelical judgments and expressions have 
enhanced the confidence with which its operations have been 
regarded." In every public work or movement designed to 
benefit his brethren or his country he was always an energetic 
actor, and in all the questions which have agitated the common- 
wealth or the nation in general during the last fifty years he never 
failed to take a decided stand upon what he conscientiously believ- 
ed to be the rightful and truthful side. In early life he was warmly 
interested in state and national politics, and, though invariably 
decided and inflexible in his attitude, was respected and admired 
even by his opponents. In 1849 ne represented Luzerne county 
in the legislature of the state. In all matters of social advance- 
ment and public improvement, and for the developing of the 
resources of Pennsylvania in the wise utilization of its vast min- 

John Nesbit Coxvngham. 1117 

eral wealth, he was an able and enterprising mover. From 1824 
to 1838 he was one of the trustees of the Wilkes-Barre Academy. 
As a judge he was the recipient of countless encomiums, and 
when he resigned his president judgeship the whole bar of 
Luzerne county testified to his rare abilities, while sixteen judges 
gave in writing their deliberate judgments concerning his char- 
acter and talents. For thirty years he was president judge of 
Luzerne county, for fifty years a vestryman in St. Stephen's 
church in this city, and was, since 1826, the representative of 
that church in the diocesan convention of Pennsylvania. At 
the time of his death he was president of the Wilkes-Barre Tract 
Society, of the Luzerne County Bible Society, and of the Ameri- 
can Church Missionary Society of New York. He was also vice • 
president of the American Sunday School Union, and of the insti- 
tution for the deaf and dumb of Philadelphia. His death resulted 
from an accident. While on his way to Texas to bring home 
Colonel J. B. Conyngham, an invalid son, he fell on the railroad 
track at Magnolia, Mississippi, and the wheels of a passenger car 
passing over both of his legs they were so terribly crushed and 
mutilated that he died within two hours from the time of the 
accident. This occurred on the evening of February 23, 1871. 
The township of Conyngham in this county and the Conyngham 
public school on St. Clement street, in this city, were named 
after Judge Conyngham. From May, 1827, to May, 1828, and 
from May, 1834, to May, 1837, Judge Conyngham was burgess of 
the borough of Wilkes-Barre, and in 1849 a °d 1850 he was pres- 
ident of the borough council. He was a member of the first 
board of directors of the Wyoming (national) bank, organized 
in November, 1829. Hon. H. B. Wright, at our request, a few 
years ago, wrote an article on Judge Conyngham for the Luzerne 
Legal Register. We here reproduce the greater part of that 

"When Judge Conyngham was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, it had a reputation for learning and talent that it has 
probably not had in the last twenty years. While it is not our 
purpose to make an unfavorable comparison with the Luzerne 
bar of 1820 and any subsequent period, it will be frankly admit- 
ted that there was at that time a professional array of unusual 
talent. Rosewell Welles, Ebenezer Bowman, Garrick Mallery, 

1 1 1 8 John Nesbit Convngham. 

and George Denison were all men of a high order of legal ability 
who resided here. And then there were other gentlemen of high 
professional attainments who were in the habit of attending the 
courts here. Among these were Judge Duncan, afterwards 
placed on the supreme bench of the state ; David Watts, of Car- 
lisle ; John Ross, of Easton ; Alem Marr, of Danville ; and 
William Cox Ellis, of Lycoming. These men, from the adjoining 
counties, with the home talent, fully their equal, made an array 
of legal ability that had position equal to that in any part of the 
state, not excepting Philadelphia, which claimed the ascendancy 
in legal lore and learning over any other bar in the United States. 
David Scott, a man honored and respected, then held the com- 
mission of judge of the Common Pleas — a man of stern integrity 
and iron will; upright in the administration of justice, and fear- 
less in the discharge of his official duties ; determined and posi- 
tive, but just in his decisions, and merciful in his sentences. 
Such was the bench and such was the bar of the county of 
Luzerne when Judge Conyngham came to this town to make 
his permanent abode, and enter the conflict, with this array of 
talent occupying the arena. Under ordinary circumstances this 
would seem to have been a hopeless adventure. But he had 
untiring industry and perseverance, temperate habits, extraordi- 
nary ambition to master his profession, and this, with a fine com- 
manding personal appearance, and a remarkably gentle and 
agreeable manner, with a high order of intellect, enabled him to 
enter the tournament with every prospect of success. I have it 
from his own mouth, that in the first two years of his residence 
here, his prospects were exceedingly doubtful as to success. 
'But,' said he, 'I landed here, and burned my boats; there was 
no return, and I made up my mind to work hard, early and late; 
to ride the circuit with or without a brief, and to use every effort 
to obtain position ; and, amidst toil and energy, I achieved my 
purpose. And it was during these early years of incessant read- 
ing, and attending the courts during the entire session, practice 
or no practice, that I learned the science of the law, and the 
mode of conducting a cause. For never had pupil more intelli- 
gent masters, and I profited by it all. I made my point, and 
established my reputation.' As early as the fourth year after he 
commenced practice, he may be said to have had as good a po- 
sition at the bar as any one, save Garrick Mallery. While Judge 
Mallery was at the bar, during the years I am speaking of, he 
was the acknowledged head. No one questioned this. Not far 
from this date (say 1824), the branch bank established in this 
town by the old Philadelphia bank suspended business here. The 
business of the people in this valley did not require a bank, and 

John Nesbit Conyngham. 1119 

so the agency was closed. A large amount of money (that is, 
for those times) had been loaned out, and the endorsers, mostly 
composed of the farmers of the county, had become liable, and 
there was much commotion, and great fears were apprehended. 
To have closed up these surety matters suddenly would have 
ruined the best men of the county. Many of the men who had 
obtained discounts on the strength of their endorsements had 
failed, and the load came home to the guarantors. John P. Arndt, 
a merchant, residing and doing business where E. P. Darling's 
house stands, on River street, and Henry Buckingham, of Kings- 
ton, were among the noted failures of that time. There was a 
general feeling of despondency throughout the entire valley. 
Many of these endorsers were soldiers of the revolution, and sev- 
eral of them had survived the terrible massacre of Wyoming. 
These old veterans being thus threatened with impending ruin, 
the whole community was in sympathy with them. These facts 
were represented to the bank in Philadelphia, and John N. 
Conyngham was deputed agent and attorney for the bank, with 
discretionary power to do what he should think best, under the 
circumstances. It was in his capacity as agent of the bank that 
he made that fame and reputation for benevolence and kind- 
heartedness that established his reputation in the county. He 
gave these old veterans time, indulged them in their misfortunes, 
and saved most of them from total and absolute ruin. And they 
remembered these acts of generosity, and their children after them 
did also. And he acted in good faith to the bank, which, in ad- 
dition to his fees, presented him a set of silver as a token of the 
satisfactory manner in which he had discharged the trust con- 
fided to him. The just and merited influence thus acquired in 
the bank agency, his habits of industry, his acknowledged ability 
and gentlemanly deportment, all combining, placed him at the 
head of his profession, though not yet thirty years of age. But 
what was of more account, his high position as a man of integrity, 
and possessing all the amiable qualities which decorate the indi- 
vidual character, and which he had fully exhibited in closing the 
bank affairs, gave him a firm and unquestioned stand, high up 
among his fellow men. Another reason for his success at the 
bar arose from the fact that most of the gentlemen in the adjoin- 
ing counties gradually relinquished their practice, and the field 
was left open to a comparatively few members. In 1828, when 
the writer of this notice entered the office of Judge Conyngham 
as a student, with the late Ovid F. Johnson, afterwards attorney 
general of the state, the legal business of the county was almost 
exclusively in the hands of Garrick Mallery, George Denison, 
John N. Conyngham, Oristus Collins, and James McClintock. 

U20 John Nesbit Conyngham. 

The late Chief Justice Woodward was a student at that time in 
Judge Mallery's office. During the ensuing five years George 
Denison died, and Mr. Mallery was commissioned by Governor 
Wolf president judge of the Northampton district. These occur- 
rences gave Judge Conyngham the choice of selecting which side 
he chose of every cause upon the list. He was the absolute and 
acknowledged head of the bar. And yet, with all these advan- 
tages, I doubt if he realized two thousand dollars a year in fees. 
The counsel fees then, compared with the practice now, were 
probably not an eighth of what they are now. And to see the 
energy and zeal that these lawyers manifested in the preparation 
and trial of causes is almost marvelous. The amount in contro 
versy mattered not. As much hard labor would be bestowed in 
the trial of an issue involving fifty dollars, on an appeal from a 
justice of the peace, as is expende'd at the present time on a trial 
involving a million. In the former case the fee might have been 
ten dollars, in the latter ten thousand. The pioneers of the law 
made the practice of the law their business. They knew nothing 
about outside speculations. They worked for a moderate sub- 
sistence, and with that they were satisfied. I have known Judge 
Conyngham, when in the height of his practice, to devote a half 
day or more to the preparation of an elaborate opinion, and accept 
a fee of five dollars ! I have oftener seen him charge three dol- 
lars than five. During all the time I was a student in his office, 
the price of preparing and writing a deed for the conveyance of 
land was always one dollar and a quarter, and this included the 
examination of the docket as to liens. I always wondered why 
the extra quarter of a dollar was added ! Judge Conyngham was 
a man of remarkable industry. He was always at his post. He 
would annually devote a week or ten days to visit his father in 
Philadelphia. This was the extent of his pastime. He labored 
incessantly. He was a great reader (of law, I mean) ; he had 
every decision at his tongue's end. He prided himself on this ; 
and he told me time and again that he attributed all his success 
to his industry. He was too modest a man to admit that he had 
enough of natural ability to reach the position he knew he en- 
joyed as a lawyer. His power at the bar was with the jury. No 
man had more weight and influence than he had over the twelve. 
He was more verbose than most successful advocates. It was 
repetition, however, which sprang from a desire to leave no doubt 
upon the minds of the jury. He had a very fine flow of language. 
At times, it reached a high order of eloquence. He spoke flu- 
ently and he spoke well. Added to his remarkably fine person 
— standing six feet, erect, and graceful in all his motions — his 
verdict was always sure, if the evidence warranted it, and som- 

John Nesbit Convngham. 1121 

times the verdict came in his favor when it should not. The 
modulation of his voice was excellent. It was always a pleasure 
to listen to him. His plea was solid argument ; he did not have 
the gift of satire or repartee. He had more force with the jury 
than the court. I do not mean by this that he had less force with 
the court than his most talented colleagues, but that he had a 
greater influence than they with the jury. This commanding 
position at the bar Judge Conyngham maintained to about the 
year 1837. I think it was in that year in which the celebrated 
trial of the Commonwealth v. the Gilligans and others occurred. 
The prisoners were indicted for the murder of McComb, a short 
distance below White Haven, at the time of the construction of 
the Lehigh slack water navigation. The prisoners were defended 
by Judge Conyngham, the late Judge Kidder, and the writer of 
this notice. The evidence was circumstantial, and a strong effort 
was made to convict. This elicited a corresponding effort on the 
part of the defence. Two of them were convicted of murder in 
the first degree, the other three of the lower grades of homi- 
cide. The two convicted of murder in the first degree were 
awarded a new trial on the ground of the admission of irrel- 
evant testimony. On the second trial they were acquitted — 
wrongfully, I fear. The sentiment in Luzerne at that time was 
against capital punishment. It was hard to convict ; but trials 
for homicide were rare. In conducting the defence in the Gilli- 
gan trial — that is, the first one ; in the second he was unable to 
participate — Judge Conyngham broke down. He made in it the 
best speech of his life. He overdid the matter. At the close of 
the trial his violent effort brought on a bronchia! affection of the 
throat, from which he never entirely recovered. He was confined 
with this attack for more than a year. He recovered so far as 
to be able to discharge thirty years' service on the bench. But 
he never appeared in court as an advocate after the Gilligan trial. 
He may have been there occasionally, but he had made his last 
great effort with the jury. And the counsel whose voice had 
echoed in the courts for nearly twenty years had now ceased; 
and, in that capacity, forever. This state of his health was, of 
course, matter of deep regret to the bench, the bar, and the peo- 
ple. All remedies failed to restore him, and the common voice 
was, that he must go upon the bench, and there he went, with a 
reputation for ability, legal learning, and honesty of purpose, all of 
which he most faithfully sustained. And thus much of the man, 
as a member of the bar. We may say, in conclusion, in this par- 
ticular, that as a practitioner he was an example of integrity of 
purpose. True in every sense to his client; just to his op- 
ponents ; open and candid to the court ; truthful at all times ; 

i 122 John Nesbit Conyngham. 

a model as a practitioner; and with a name unblemished. 
We now come to speak of him as a judge. In this capacity, for 
some thirty long years, he presided in our courts ; and his name 
is a synonym with all that is good which pertains to that high 
office. He was commissioned a judge of the Court of Common 
Pleas in 1839, in the Bradford and Susquehanna district. In 
1 84 1 , by an exchange between him and Judge Jessup, under sanc- 
tion of law, Judge Conyngham came upon the Luzerne bench, 
and Judge Jessup took the place of Judge Conyngham in the 
Bradford and Susquehanna district. And from the April term, 
1 841, up to his resignation in 1870, with the exception of 
the years of 1850 and 1851, he remained upon the Luzerne 
bench. During this long time, almost a third of a century, 
he maintained a high position as a man of much legal learn- 
ing, and a purity of character that was not surpassed by any 
of his cotemporaries. I may not do better in the delineation of 
his judicial life than by a reference to the opinions of some of the 
best legal minds of the state. Upon the occasion of his resigna- 
tion, in 1870, many learned men in the law were invited to par- 
ticipate at the banquet given him. In their responses, I refer to 
some of the opinions of some of them. Mr. Justice Sharswood, 
of the Supreme Court of this state, says : 'It would afford me the 
sincerest pleasure to unite in doing honor to one who has done 
so much honor to the bench and the profession. To unsuspected 
purity of purpose, he has joined the greatest fidelity and the most 
eminent legal learning and ability. It will be a blessing to the 
bar and people of Luzerne if this mantle should fall on his suc- 
cessor.' Mr. Chief Justice Thompson writes : 'To a faithful and 
able judge, such as yours has been, the tribute of respect you 
propose on his retirement is graceful and proper ; and in this 
instance will sincerely mark the respect the bar must feel towards 
one on whom devotion to duty and justice in discharging it, was 
to all most distinctly apparent.' The late Chief Justice Wood- 
ward says : ' No tribute to a public servant was ever better de- 
served than that which you propose to tender to Judge Conyng- 
ham. He has executed for a long time and with great fidelity 
one of the most difficult and responsible offices in the govern- 
ment ; the office upon which, more than upon all others, depend 
the safety and the happiness of the great and rapidly growing 
community of Luzerne county. And to official fidelity, Judge 
Conyngham has added the sanction of a good life. In morals 
and manners he has been in all times a good man.' Chief 
Justice Agnew remarks : T cannot forbear adding my testimony 
to that of others, of the high character Judge Conyngham has 
always borne as a man and as a jurist.' My limits forbid giving 

John Nesbit Conyngham. 1123 

any further extracts from the learned men of the state on the 
bench and in the profession, who wrote complimentary letters in 
response to the committee, upon the occasion of the banquet. 
But of the great number received, they are all in the same tone 
and character with those from which I have made the foregoing 
extracts. It is the compliment of the living to the living. Un- 
strained because these evidences confer a just and proper tribute. 
They all come from the heart, and they are the frank and un- 
biassed opinions of his cotemporaries ; they are modestly and 
truthfully written. The praises of these persons, judges and 
lawyers, are in keeping with the opinions of the whole population 
of this county. It is not the learned judge and able lawyer that 
is portrayed ; but, along with it, comes those other conceded 
qualifications which constitute the moral and upright man, as well 
as the learned judge. And without this there is much wanting 
in establishing the status of the 'model' man. He who has held 
in his hands the balances of justice for nearly a third of a century, 
and escaped the tongue of malice and scandal, must needs be a 
most notable man. It is one case in a thousand. We are not 
aware of an unfavorable criticism or a charge of biassed judgment 
made against this man in his long occupation of the bench. That 
he was pure, and just, and upright, during all this time, is, in our 
judgment, the unanimous opinion of all our people. It may be, 
that as a judge, he put more faith in the opinions of others than in 
his own ; but who shall say that this is a fault ? Lord Bacon, 
in his celebrated picture of a good judge, says that 'The judge is 
a man of ability, drawing his learning out of his books, and not 
out of his brain.' But then he says further: 'He has right under- 
standing of justice, depending not so much on reading other men's 
writings, as upon the goodness of his own natural reason and 
meditation.' He well remarks, however: 'He is a man of integ- 
rity, of well regulated passions, beyond the influence, either of 
anger, by which he maybe incapable of judging; or of hope, 
either of money or worldly advancement, by which he may de- 
cide unjustly; or of fear, either of the censure of others, which is 
cowardice ; or of giving pain, when it ought to be given, which 
is improper compassion. He is just both in private and public, 
quick in apprehension, slow in anger. He is cautious in his 
judgment,- not forming a hasty opinion; not tenacious in retaining 
an opinion, when formed ; and never ashamed of being wiser to- 
day than yesterday. He hears what is spoken, not who speaks, 
whether it be the president or a pauper, a friend or a foe.' How 
admirably do these definitions of the judicial character apply to 
the gentleman of whom we are writing. We give but a part of 
that world-renowned description of Lord Bacon, in describing 

1 1 24 John Nesbit Conyngham. 

the judge, but enough for our purpose. The crowning feature of 
Judge Conyngham was the confidence the profession placed in 
his ruling. They were aware that his decisions were not the 
result of an inconsiderate conclusion. They knew that the rule 
of law adopted was the conclusion deduced from authority, or 
from close consideration, most generally the former. For his 
industry was wonderful ; and the moment the legal questions 
were raised in a cause he was incessant in his labors in finding 
out the established principle that should govern the case. Dur- 
ing an adjournment of court he would frequently go without his 
meal, spending the whole time in his library, that he might be 
ready at the assembling of the court to meet the questions that 
the case presented. Labor seemed to be a pleasure to him. He 
was proud of his reputation as a judge. He disliked to be 
reversed; and his great desire was that he should be sustained 
by the court of review, and it was very seldom that he was 
reversed. Therefore, no labor was too much for him to perform. 
When he was in the midst of a trial he was lost to everything 
else; his mind was on that, and that alone. Hurrying, with his 
head down, absorbed in his own reflections, in passing from his 
own office to the court, he would scarcely notice any one. He 
had the law in his head, and this he was nursing, to the exclusion 
of everything else. Never was man more devoted to his occu- 
pation, and never did man have a more earnest desire to administer 
the law correctly and in all its purity. Thus, with his research and 
his well balanced mind, and his scrupulous desire to administer 
justice, he could not be otherwise than a most excellent judge, 
and such he was. Of the long list of distinguished jurists of 
Pennsylvania, I do not think that among them all was there an 
instance where any one performed more labor, or had a greater 
desire to do even and exact justice, than Judge Conyngham. 
There have been, undoubtedly, among them men of greater legal 
capacity and breadth of intellect than he possessed, but he was 
the peer of any of them in integrity of purpose, and a desire to 
do what was right. When he retired from the bench he left it 
with an unsoiled reputation. The ermine was as spotless when 
he laid it aside as when it was placed upon his shoulders. And 
the wish and prayer of those who survive him should be, that his 
example as lawyer, judge, citizen, and christian may be the theme 
of imitation." 

(For further particulars concerning the Conyngham family, see 
page 203.) He married December 17, 1823, Ruth Ann Butler, the 
daughter of General Lord Butler (See page 335). His family 
numbered seven children of which six grew to manhood — Col- 

Benjamin Drake Wright. 1125 

onel John Butler Conyngham, William Lord Conyngham, Thomas 
Conyngham, Major Charles Miner Conyngham, Mary, who mar- 
ried Charles Parrish, of this city, and Anna, who married Right 
Rev. William Bacon Stevens, D. D., LL. D., Bishop of Pennsylva- 
nia. The University of Pennsylvania in 1869, conferred the degree 
ofLL.D. on Judge Conyngham. Redmond Conyngham, a brother 
of Judge Conyngham, was a native of Philadelphia and a graduate 
of the College of New Jersey, at Princeton. He inherited from 
his paternal grandfather an estate of two thousand pounds per 
annum in the county of Donegal, Ireland, where he spent several 
years of his early life. Whilst in Ireland he was the companion 
of Curran, Grattan, and other bright intellects of Hibernian soil. 
Amongst the most brilliant of these was his cousin, William Con- 
yngham Plunkett, afterwards lord chancellor of Ireland, and who 
was named after Mr. Conyngham's ancester. Mr. Conyngham 
lived many years in this county, and in 1S1 5 represented Luzerne 
county in the state legislature. In 1820 he was elected a state 
senator. His district was composed of the counties of Colum- 
bia,Luzerne, Northumberland, Union, and Susquehanna. In the 
same year he laid out the village named by him Dundaff, in 
Susquehanna county, in honor of his friend, Lord Dundaff, of 
Scotland. The village of Conyngham, in Sugarloaf township, 
in this county, was named in honor of Mr. Conyngham, where 
he resided for many years. He subsequently removed to Lancas- 
ter, Pa., where he spent the balance of his days. He married 
Elizabeth, a daughter of Judge Yeates, of the Supreme Court of 
Pennsylvania, and died June 16, 1846, aged 65 years. 


Benjamin Drake Wright was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., April 7, 1820. He was born in this city January 23, 
1799. He was the second son of William Wright, who probably 
emigrated from Ireland with his brother, Thomas Wright, about 
1663. He served through the revolutionary war, and when peace 

1 1 26 Chester Butler. 

was declared he removed to Wrightsville, in this county, now the 
borough of Miners Mills, where his brother Thomas resided. He 
was a schoolmaster, and at one time lived at the corner of Union 
and North Main streets, in this city, where his relative, Thomas 
Wright Miner, M. D., resided, and where he died. The wife of 
William Wright was Sarah Ann Osborne, a Quakeress. They 
had four sons — Major Thomas Wright, U. S. A.; J. J. B. Wright, a 
surgeon in the United States army, who died at Carlisle, Pa.; 
William Wright, who resided at Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin; and 
Benjamin Drake Wright. One daughter married Benjamin 
Drake, and another, Job Barton, the father of the late Samuel M. 
Barton, postmaster of this city. In his early manhood Benja- 
min Drake Wright removed to Florida. He was an alderman of 
Pensacola, Fla., subsequently mayor of the city, and also collec- 
tor of the port. He was United States district attorney of Flor- 
ida, under the territorial government, judge of the United States 
court of Florida, and chief justice of the Supreme Court of the 
state of Florida. He married, February 23, 1826, Josephine de 
la Rua, daughter of John de la Rua, granddaughter of Francisco 
de la Rua, a native of Madrid, Spain. The latter's wife was 
Josefa de la Rua, a native of Canary Islands. Mr. and Mrs. 
Wright had a family of eight children, six sons and two daugh- 
ters, of whom three survive, Laura — wife of A. T. Yniestra ; 
George Wright and Henry T. Wright. Benjamin D. Wright died 
April 28, 1875. 


Chester Butler, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., August 8, 1820, was a native of this city, where he was born 
March 21, 1798. He was the son of General Lord Butler and 
the brother of the late Lord Butler and John L. Butler, of this 
city. (See page 335). He represented Luzerne county in the 
legislature of the state in 1832, 1838, 1839 an( ^ I ^43, and from 
1845 to 1850 was in the congress of the United States. In 1832 
he was on the anti-masonic electoral ticket of Pennsylvania. He 

Samuel Bowman. 1127 

was elected in 18 18 one of the trustees of the Wilkes-Barre Aca- 
demy, and served for twenty years, three years of which he was 
secretary of the board. He was a teacher and also a student in 
the old academy. From 1821 to 1824 he was register and re- 
corder of Luzerne county. He was a graduate of Princeton (N. 
J.) College in the class of 18 17, and read law at the Litchfield, 
Conn., law school. His wife was Sarah Hollenback, widow of 
Jacob Cist, deceased. One son, George H. Butler, was the only 
issue of their marriage. Chester Butler died in Philadelphia 
October 5, 1850. His son, George H. Butler, died unmarried in 
the same city March 16, 1863. The latter read law with Andrew 
T. McClintock, in this city, but we can find no record of his ad- 
mission to the bar. He was also a graduate of Princeton College. 


James Watson Bowman was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., August 8, 1820. He was the second child of Eben- 
ezer Bowman, and studied law with his father. (See page 1050.) 
He married, in 1825, Harriet Drake, of Wilkes-Barre, and died 
in 1834, leaving two children — George Drake Bowman and 
Amelia Watson Bowman, who married George Painter, of 
Muncy, Pa. 


Samuel Bowman was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., August 8, 1 82 1. He was born in Wilkes-Barre May 21, 
1800, and was the sixth child of Captain Samuel Bowman, a 
son of Captain Thaddeus Bowman. At the outbreak of the rev- 
olution Captain Samuel Bowman enlisted and became a captain 
in the continental army, and served until the close of the war. It 
is said that he was with Major AncVe the night before his execu- 

1 1 28 Samuel Bowman. 

tion, and commanded the guard that led him to the gallows. He 
married, in Philadelphia, November 3, 1784, Eleanor Ledlie, of 
Easton, Pa., whose parents were from Ireland. About 1789 he 
moved to Wilkes-Barre, where his wife had a large landed estate, 
to which he devoted his time. He died June 25, 18 18, being 
gored to death by a bull. He was one of the trustees of the 
Wilkes-Barre Academy from 1807 until his death. In 1794 he 
was captain of a company, and led the Luzerne volunteers to 
help quell the whiskey insurrection, and to Newburg in 1799. 
Ebenezer Bowman, of the Luzerne bar, was the uncle of Samuel 
Bowman. (See page 1050.) Samuel Bowman was educated at 
the Wilkes-Barre Academy. The law had been chosen as his 
profession, but he s^oon became a student of divinity, having 
been brought under deep religious conviction by the sudden death 
of his father, as before stated. He was ordained in Philadelphia, 
August 25, 1823, and entered upon his ministerial duty in Lan- 
caster county, Pa., the same year, preaching his first sermons in 
Leacock and Salisbury townships, where he remained about two 
years. In 1825 he was stationed at Easton, but in the following 
year he returned to his former charge in Lancaster county. In 
1827 he accepted a call to the rectorship of St. James' church in 
Lancaster, Pa., one of the oldest Episcopal parishes in the state. 
His attachment to his parish and to the community was so deep 
that he would never accept any position which involved the 
necessity of abandoning Lancaster as his home. In 1845 he was, 
against his own inclination, voted for as the candidate of those in 
convention who opposed Rev. Dr. Tyng for bishop, and was 
several times elected by the clergy, but the laity refused to con- 
cur. The contest was long and exciting, and Bishop Potter was 
finally elected as a compromise candidate, much to Dr. Bowman's 
gratification, who would have accepted the office with much 
reluctance, if at all, for the reason above stated. In 1848 he was 
elected bishop of the diocese of Indiana, which he declined, again 
reiterating his desire to remain with the flock between whom and 
himself there was such a strong attachment. With regard to the 
two parties which unfortunately exist in the Episcopal church, 
Bishop Bowman was a conservative, even to the extent of ignor- 
ing the existence of what are called " High and Low Church." 

Samuel Bowman. 

i 129 

His last discourse was based upon the words of St. Paul: "For 
I am determined not to know anything among you save Jesus 
Christ and Him crucified." And this was the spirit in which he 
accepted the office of assistant bishop three years before. The 
convention failing to make a choice between Dr. Vinton and him- 
self, Dr. Bowman offered a resolution for a committee to report 
to the convention a candidate, which he advocated with great 
earnestness and ability, solemnly and emphatically withdrawing 
his name from the nomination before the convention. He said 
God brought men together by ways unknown to them. His name 
had been placed there without any feeling of ambition on his part. 
His great and only desire was that he might pass the remainder of 
his days in the humble yet honorable station of the ministry to 
which he was so sincerely attached. He expressed the hope that 
the carrying out of this resolution would prove the breaking 
down of the partition that existed between some portions of the 
church, in which church all should be of "one Lord, one faith, 
and one baptism. Let the only strife be," he continued, "as to 
who shall expend most labor in the cause of God. Let us no 
longer array ourselves under party leaders. Let our only motto 
be, 'Pro Deo, pro ecclesia, el hominum salute! ' After the election 
of Dr. Bowman he was introduced to the convention by a com- 
mittee as the assistant bishop. He closed a feeling address 
with the "fervent hope that the work which the convention had 
accomplished that day would redound to the unity and advance- 
ment of the church through Jesus Christ our Lord." The death 
of Bishop Bowman occurred in this wise : He had left home on 
a tour of western visitation in his official capacity, and had taken 
the 6 a. m. train on the Allegheny Valley railroad, en route for But- 
ler, where he had an appointment to administer the rite of confirma- 
tion on the following Sabbath. At Freeport, twenty-four miles . 
from Pittsburg, he proposed taking the stage to Butler. After 
proceeding about nineteen miles the train was halted in conse- 
quence of a bridge which had been injured by a late freshet and 
a land slide nearly two miles beyond. Arrangements had been 
made to convey the passengers over this part of the road in a 
hand car, a locomotive and a passenger car being in readiness on 
the other side to carry them on. Several gentlemen preferred 

1 130 Joel Jones. 

walking, and among them Bishop Bowman. The workmen hav- 
ing charge of the hand car, when returning to the bridge, found 
the bishop lying by the road side, having fallen upon his face as if 
seized with apoplexy. His face was buried in his hat, in which 
was his pocket handkerchief that he had saturated with water in 
a small stream a few paces back, doubtless as a preventive of 
sunstroke. Genesee College conferred the degree of doctor of 
divinity on Bishop Bowman. He married Susan Sitgreaves, 
daughter of Samuel Sitgreaves, of Easton. She died in 1830, 
and he married, in 1836, Harriet Clarkson, of Lancaster. Bishop 
Bowman died August 3, 1861. 


Amzi Fuller was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, Pa., 
January II, 1822. (See page 580 for further particulars con- 
cerning Mr. Fuller.) He spent the greater part of his life in 
Wayne county, Pa. A few years before his death he purchased 
the property on River street now occupied by the widow of his 
son, Henry M. Fuller, and Henry A. Fuller, his grandson, of 
Hon. Charles D. Shoemaker, and removed here, where he spent 
the latter years of his life. 


Joel Jones, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., January 14, 1823, was a native of Coventry, Conn. He was 
a descendant of Colonel John Jones, who was born at Fregarion, 
in the Isle of Anglesey, North Wales, in 1580. He was married 
in 1623 to Henrietta, second sister of Oliver Cromwell, lord pro- 
tector of England, was one of the judges of Charles I in 1648, 
and of Cromwell's house of lords in 1653, and lord lieutenant of 
Ireland from 1650 to 1659. He was beheaded by Charles II 
October 17, 1660. 

William Jones, son of Colonel John Jones, was born in London 

Joel Jones. i 131 

in 1624, was a lawyer at Westminster for a number of years, 
was a resident of the Fields of St. Martin, Middlesex, and was 
married to Hannah Eaton, of the parish of St. Andrew's, Holborn, 
London, spinster, by the Rev. John Rowe, sr., Independent 
minister of the church, in July, 1659. She was the youngest 
daughter of Hon. Theophilus Eaton, the first governor of New 
Haven colony, and was born in London in 1653. Hon. William 
Jones was for several years deputy governor of the colonies of 
New Haven and Connecticut, retired from office in 1698, and 
died in New Haven October, 1706, aged eighty-two years. His 
wife died May 4, 1707, aged seventy-four years. They were 
buried under the monumental stone of Governor Eaton, and the 
following inscription was placed upon it, after giving their names 
and the date of their deaths : 

To attend you, sir, under these famed stones, 
Are come your honored son and daughter Jones, 
On each hand to repose their weary hones. 
The memory of the j ust is blest. 
Isaac Jones, son of William and Hannah Jones, was born June 
21, 167 1, in New Haven, and was married to Deborah Clarke, 
daughter of James Clarke, of Stratford, Conn., by Hon. William 
Jones, deputy governor of Connecticut, November 25, 1692. 
He died in New Haven in 1 741 . His wife died in the same place 
May 28, 1735. Joel Jones, son of Isaac and Deborah Jones, lived 
and died in North Bolton, Conn. His eldest brother was Isaac 
Jones, of Saybrook, Conn. Joel Jones married a Miss Hale. He 
was born in 1695 and died in 1775. He left ten sons and five 
daughters living at the time of his death. Amassa Jones, son of 
Joel Jones, lived in Coventry, and removed to Wilkes-Barre, Pa., 
about 1818, uhere he died in 1843. His body and that of his 
wife were removed by his youngest son, Matthew Hale Jones, to 
Easton, Pa. The wife of Amassa Jones was Elizabeth Hunting- 
ton, a daughter of Rev. Joseph Huntington, D. D., of Coventry, 
Conn. He was a descendant of Simon Huntington, of Norwich, 
Conn., and a brother of Samuel Huntington, a signer of the 
declaration of independence, governor of Connecticut, chief just- 
ice of the same state, and at one time president of the American 
congress. Huntington township, in this county, took its name 
from him. 

i 132 Joel Jones. 

Joel Jones, eldest son of Amassa and Elizabeth Jones, was born 
October 26, 1795, and removed to Wilkes-Barre with his father's 
family. He was educated at Yale College, from which he grad- 
uated in 1 8 1 7, and the Litchfield law school, and studied law with 
Judge Bristol, of New Haven, Conn., where he was first admitted 
to the bar. He practiced law at Wilkes-Barre, Easton, Pa., and 
Philadelphia. He was a man of large legal knowledge. When 
appointed with W. Rawle, who was upwards of eighty years of 
age when appointed, and T. I. Wharton to revise the civil code 
of the state, those gentlemen expressed to their friends surprise 
that a man of so little prominence should have made such acqui- 
sitions in the law, little knowing haw many wearisome years he 
had spent in his small office on the northwestern corner of Inde- 
pendence square in studying the principles of jurisprudence. He 
did good service to the state as one of the revisers, and some of 
the reports of the commissioners which made the most important 
suggestions were written by him. Some parts of the new system 
were remodeled and re-written exclusively by him, as, for example 
the disposition of estates of intestates, which passed the legisla- 
ture without the change of a word, and they have scarcely been 
touched down to the present day. Some of the other matters 
for legislation which were acted upon by the commissioners 
were an act relating to registers and registers' courts, the Orphans' 
Court, relating to last wills and testaments, relating to executors 
and administratrators, relating to counties and townships and 
county and township officers, to weights and measures, to the 
organization of the courts of justice, to roads, highways and 
bridges, to inns, taverns and retailers of vinous and spiritous 
liquors, to the support and employment of the poor, to county 
rates and levies and township rates and levies, to the militia, to 
elections by the citizens of the commonwealth, to the inspection 
of articles of trade and commerce — most of which were passsed 
by the legislature as reported. Mr. Jones was subsequently ap- 
pointed an associate judge and the president judge of the district 
court of Philadelphia. These offices he held from 1835 to 1847. 
Girard College never did a better thing than when it made Judge 
Jones its first president, and the career of usefulness on which 
that institution entered is largely due to the wise manner in 

Joel Jones. i 133 

which he interpreted the will of Mr. Girard and the legal pro- 
visions enacted concerning it. He filled this position during 
most of the years 1847 an d 1848. He then returned to his favorite 
pursuit of studying and practicing law. Immediately thereupon 
he was nominated as a candidate for mayor of the city of Phila- 
delphia, and was elected by a large popular vote. On retiring 
from the office in 1849 he returned again to the law, and the force 
of his speech and his pen was frequently felt in the courts. He 
also wrote for the magazines of the day on literary, philosophic 
and religious subjects. The volume published after his death, 
which he had modestly entitled "Notes on Scripture," will long 
attest the thought which he gave to the prdToundest themes 
with which the human mind can become conversant. Judge 
Jones was a most exemplary christian and an active and useful 
member of the Presbyterian church. He died February 3, i860. 
Anson Jones, an American physician, and president of the re- 
public of Texas at the time of its annexation to the United States, 
was a kinsman of Judge Jones. He settled in Brazoria, Texas, in 
1833, and took a prominent part in the political and military 
movements which resulted in the independence of that republic- 
He was minister to the United States in 1838, and afterwards for 
three years secretary of state under President Houston. In 1844 
he succeeded Houston as president. He died by his own hands 
in 1858. In that year he was the rival of Louis T. Wigfall for a 
seat in the United States senate, and when defeated, invited all 
the leaders of the party and Wigfall himself to a public dinner, 
and after entertaining them blew his brains out at the dinner table, 
with the remark that as Texas did not need him any more he 
would emigrate. Judge Joel Jones married, in 1833, Elizabeth 
Sparhawk, a daughter of John Sparhawk, one of the non-import- 
ing merchants of Philadelphia in 1774, a grandson of Sir William 
Pepperill, of Kittery Point, Maine (then Massachusetts), who cap- 
tured Louisburg during the old French war. The wife of John 
Sparhawk was Elizabeth Perkins, a native of Barbadoes. Judge 
Jones had six children, only two of whom survive — S. Hunting- 
ton Jones, a Philadelphia lawyer, and Rev. John Sparhawk Jones, 
D. D., a Presbyterian clergyman. In his young days Judge 
Jones was principal of the Wilkes-Barre Academy. The late 

1 1 34 Benjamin Alden Bidlack. 

Judge Sharswood said of Judge Jones: "As a judge he was 
remarkable for great courtesy, immovable patience, and unwearied 
attention. He was, therefore, a safe, though, it must be con- 
fessed, a slow judge. When he had once formed an opinion at 
nisi prius, which was after great deliberation, he was hardly ever 
known to change it. His law learning was very considerable, 
but it lay more among the ancients than the modern books, and 
it was with much difficulty that he could turn the current of his 
ideas upon legal subjects into new channels. Kind in his dispo- 
sition, yielding in his temper, affable in his manner, unbending 
in his integrity, and pure in his life, his memory is that of the just — 
is blessed. He ft-as an excellent Hebrew and Greek scholar, and 
an earnest student of the bible in the original tongues. He 
published a volume entitled 'The Patriarchal Age; or, The 
Story of Joseph,' in which much critical acuteness, as well as 
extensive Oriental erudition, was exhibited." 


Benjamin Alden Bidlack was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., January 5, 1825. He was a descendant of Chris- 
topher Bidlack, who came from England to Windham, Connec- 
ticut, in 1722. Captain James Bidlack, a descendant of Chris- 
topher Bidlack, came with his family to the Wyoming valley in 
1777. A son of his, Captain James Bidlack, jr., fell at the head 
of his company in the battle and massacre of Wyoming, only 
eight of the whole number surviving that fearful tragedy. Another 
son was made a prisoner on Long Island, and " was starved to 
death by the British." Benjamin Bidlack, another son, came with 
his father to the valley of Wyoming. The history of the Bidlack 
family is identified with the romantic period of the history of 
this far-famed valley. The father, when quite advanced in years, 
was captain of a company of old men organized for the defense 
of their homes while their sons entered the regular service and 
were called away to other points of danger. He was surprised 

Benjamin Alden Bidlack. 1135 

by a company of Indians and suffered a distressing captivity, 
which only terminated with the end of the war. He returned to the 
Wyoming valley and lived to see his country rise into almost un- 
hoped for prosperity — the fruit of the services of the patriots of 
the revolution. Benjamin Bidlack was seven years in the service 
as a soldier. He was at Boston when Washington assembled 
his forces to oppose Gage, at Trenton at the taking of the Hes- 
sians, at Yorktown at the surrender of Cornwallis, and in the 
camp at Newburg when the army was disbanded. When peace 
with the mother country was concluded he returned to the lovely 
valley of Wyoming, as he hoped to live in quiet and to give 
succor to his aged sire in the decline of life. But alas ! He 
came to this spot, rendered so beautiful and lovely by the hand 
of nature's God, to see further exhibitions of the malignity of , 
the human heart — "The Pennamite and Yankee war," a fierce 
and bloody conflict between the Connecticut and Pennsyl- 
vania settlers — for the title of the soil was then renewed. 
Young Bidlack was what the Pennsylvanians called a " wild 
Yankee." He was not disposed to engage in the fray, for al- 
though he was as good a soldier as ever breathed, he had a kind 
heart, and of course, hated this unnatural war. He engaged in 
business and made a trip down the Susquehanna to Sunbury 
about the distance of fifty miles. Here he was seized by the 
Pennsylvania party and put in jail. He was a jovial fellow and 
manifested so much good nature and was so fine a singer that a 
company from the neighborhood frequently assembled in the 
evening to hear him sing. On one occasion he told them 
that he had a favorite song they had never heard. It was "The 
Old Swaggering Man," but he could not sing it without more 
room, and he must have a staff in his hand, as the effect depended 
much on the action. Nothing suspicious, they gave him a cud- 
gel and allowed him liberty to make his sallies into the hall. All 
at once as he commenced his chorus, " Here goes the old swag- 
gering man," he darted out of the door, and in a trice was out 
of their reach, outdistancing the fleetest of them. The next day 
he was safe at home and was never more disturbed. Bidlack 
having a most splendid voice, and being full of fun and frolic, 
was not unfrequently the center and life of sporting and drinking 

1 1 36 Benjamin Alden Bidlack. 

parties. Still he had religious notions and religious feelings, and 
wild and wicked as he was, he would go to the Methodist meet- 
ings and lead the singing, sometimes, indeed, when he was 
scarcely in a condition to do it with becoming gravity. The 
Methodist preachers who planted the gospel standard in the in- 
terior of this state were the pioneers of the country, and many 
of them officers or soldiers of the revolution. They were con- 
sequently men of nerve and capable of great endurance. At 
length Mr. Bidlack was awakened and converted to God, and 
henceforth he "sowed" no more "wild oats." He soon began to 
exhort his neighbors to "flee from the wrath to come," and to 
sing the songs of Zion with a heart and a power that moved the 
feelings, while it charmed the ear. " Ben Bidlack has become a 
Methodist preacher," rang through the country and stirred up a 
mighty commotion. His first circuit embraced his own neigh- 
borhood and even the jail from which but a few years before he 
had escaped, shouting, " Here goes the old swaggering man." 
The appointment at least shows the state of the public mind in 
relation to him where he was best known, and is very much to 
his credit. Mr. Bidlack was married and had three children when 
he commenced travelling. During his effective relation to the 
conference he had sixteen appointments, standing in the follow- 
ing order: Wyoming, Seneca, Delaware, Ulster, Herkimer, Mo- 
hawk, Otsego, Chenango, Pompey, Seneca, Lyons, Shamokin, 
Northumberland and Lycoming. Look at his removes. One year 
he goes from Wyoming to the Seneca Lake, and the next from that 
to the Delaware. This was itinerancy in deed and in truth. Anyone 
who can recollect what was the condition of the roads sixty-five 
or seventy years ago in the regions in which he travelled and 
through which he removed his family can, in some measure, ap- 
preciate the labors which he performed. Mr. Bidlack was re- 
moved every year during his itinerancy, with the exception of 
three. His first wife was Lydia, a daughter of Prince Alden, of 
Newport township. He was the son of Andrew, who was the 
son of Captain Jonathan, who was the son of Hon. John Alden. 
(See page 305.) After the death of his first wife he married the 
widow of Lieutenant Lawrence Myers, of Kingston. Mr. Bid- 
lack stood somethingoversix feet, erect, with a full, [prominent chest, 

Benjamin Alden Bidlack. xi 37 

broad shoulders and powerful limbs. His black hair sprinkled 
with gray hung upon his shoulders, and his large, open features 
bore an expression of gravity and benignity, mingled with cheer- 
fulness, which at once prepossessed one in his favor. His voice 
was powerful and harmonious. Naturally, his voice was the very 
soul of music, and much of its melody remained until he was far 
advanced in life. He was an effective preacher, though not a 
profound thinker. His sermons were fine specimens of native 
eloquence, and were often attended with great power. One of 
his favorite discourses — at least it was a favorite with his hearers 
— was upon the words : "They that turn the world upside down 
have come hither also." In laying out his discourse on this text, 
he proceeded : First, I shall show that the world was made right 
side up. Secondly, That it has been turned wrong side tip. And 
thirdly, That it is now to be turned upside down ; then it will be 
right side up again. Here he had the main doctrines of every 
old-fashioned Methodist sermon directly in his way. First, man 
was created holy ; secondly, he has fallen, and thirdly, he is re- 
deemed by Christ, and must be regenerated by the Holy Ghost. 
The ncame the exhortation to sinners to "repent and be converted." 
The sermons of Mr. Bidlack were plain expositions of scripture, 
and manifested a thorough knowledge of the bible, and consid- 
erable acquaintance with the writings of Wesley and Fletcher. 
He died November 27, 1 845 , in the eighty-seventh year of his age. 
Benjamin Alden Bidlack, only son of Rev. Benjamin Bidlack 
and Lydia, his wife, was born in Paris, Oneida county, N. Y., 
September 8, 1804. He completed his education at the academy 
in this city, then under the charge of Joel and Samuel Jones, and 
read law with Garrick Mallery. Shortly after his admission he 
was appointed deputy attorney general for this county. In 1834 
he was treasurer of Luzerne county. In 1835 and 1836 he repre- 
sented this county in the legislature of the state. He was a repre- 
sentative in congress from this county from 1841 to 1845. 
Immediately after the expiration of his term in congress he was 
appointed minister to New Granada (now the United States of 
Colombia), and died in Bogota, February 6, 1849. The American 
residents of that city erected a very handsome monument to his 
memory. He established and edited The Northern Eagle, the 

1 138 Henry Pettebone. 

first paper ever published in Pike county, Pa. In 1833 he, in 
connection with a Mr. Atherholt, purchased the Republican 
Fdrmer, and they in turn sold the newspaper to Samuel P. Collings 
in 1835. While in New Granada Mr. Bidlack wrote a work on the 
manners and customs of the natives and the resources of the 
country, fragments of which he sent home. He intended to pub- 
lish the same, but his untimely death and the loss of his manu- 
script prevented its publication. He also negotiated a very 
important treaty between this country and New Granada, which 
received great commendation from the president and other men 
in high places. Mr. Bidlack was twice married. His first wife 
was Fanny Stewart, a daughter of James Stewart. (See page 
836.) Mr. Bidlack married his second wife September 8, 1829. 
She was Margaret M. Wallace, daughter of James Wallace, and 
granddaughter of William Wallace. The wife of William Wal- 
lace was Elizabeth d'Aertz, a daughter of Francis Josephus 
d'Aertz, who came from France with General Lafayette, and who 
married the daughter of Colonel John Broadhead. Mr. and Mrs. 
Bidlack had the following children — William Wallace Bidlack, 
who, during the late civil war, served in the field and hospital as 
surgeon ; Mary E. Bidlack, who married Edward James Reed, 
of Philadelphia ; Benjamin Alden Bidlack ; James B. W. Bidlack, 
who served as a soldier in the late civil war, and has been for the 
past year medical director of the American Exposition in Lon- 
don ; Frances B. Bidlack ; Helen Bidlack, and Blanche d'Aertz 
Bidlack. The widow of Benjamin Alden Bidlack married for her 
second husband the late Thomas W. Miner, M. D., of this city, 
and is still living. 


Henry Pettebone, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., August 3, 1825, was the son of Oliver Pettebone, and 
grandson of Noah Pettebone, of Simsbury, Conn. (See page 
460.) Henry Pettebone was born in Kingston, Pa., October 5, 
1802. He was educated at the Kingston Academy, and read 
law with George Denison. On February 17, 1830, he was ap- 

Benjamin Parke. 1139 

pointed prothonotary and clerk of the Orphans' Court, Quarter 
Sessions and Oyer and Terminer for a term of three years, and on 
January 21, 1833, he was re-appointed to the same offices for an 
additional term of three years. On March 6, 1845, he was ap- 
pointed an associate judge of Luzerne county for a term of five 
years. He was also a merchant and a contractor on the North 
Branch Canal. In 1828 Mr. Pettebone, in connection with Henry 
Held, established The Republican Farmer in this city. In 1831 
Mr. Pettebone sold his interest to J. J. Adam. The wife of Henry 
Pettebone was Elizabeth, daughter of John Sharps, a native of 
Greenwich township, Warren county, N. J. The Sharp family 
were very prominent in Greenwich at an early day. The name 
was originally Sharpensteins, and the family were of Dutch origin. 
Four brothers, John, Stuffle, Jacob and Peter each owned exten- 
sive farms, which they improved and upon which they resided. 
Jacob Sharps at a later day removed to Kingston, Pa. He was 
the father of John Sharps, the father of Mrs. Pettebone. The 
wife of John Sharps was Martha Welch. Mr. and Mrs. Pette- 
bone left two children to survive them — William Pettebone and 
Martha, who married William Streater, son of Dr. Streater, of 
this city. Judge Pettebone was at one time clerk of the senate 
of Pennsylvania, and was at the time of his death, May 5, 185 1, 
secretary and general ticket agent of the Lackawanna & Blooms- 
burg Railroad Company. 


Benjamin Parke read law in this city, and was admitted to the 
bar of Luzerne county, Pa., in 1825. He was the grandson of 
Captain Benjamin Parke, who was slain at the battle of Bunker 
Hill, June 17, 1775. Thomas Parke, son of Benjamin Parke, 
was brought up under the care of his grandfather, a clergyman, 
and received a good education. He removed from Charleston, 
R. I., in 1 796, and was one of the first settlers of Dimock, Luzerne 
(now Susquehanna) county. In 1800 he married Eunice Cham- 
plin, of Newport, R. I. He was a fine mathematician, a good 
practical surveyor, and was an occasional contributor to the news- 

1 140 Benjamin Parke. 

papers of the day. He had filled several minor offices in his 
native state, invested his patrimony and means in the purchase 
of the Connecticut title to lands in Pennsylvania, and came here 
the legal owner, as he supposed, of some ten thousand acres — 
nearly half the township of Bidwell — lying on the waters of the Me- 
shoppen, and covering parts of what is now Dimock and Spring- 
ville. He fixed his residence in the former (Parkvale), where he 
lived till his death in 1842. When he came to look up his lands 
he found only two settlers west of "Nine Partners," and they were 
near what is now Brooklyn Centre. West of that to the Wyalu- 
sing creek was a belt of twenty-five miles, north and south, an 
unbroken forest. With the aid of his compass he explored and 
marked a path to the forks of the Wyalusing, the nearest place 
where any breadstuff's could be obtained, from whence they were 
to be brought on his back until the next season, when a small 
green crop was raised. In the winter of 1797 he walked home 
to Charleston, and walked back the next spring. By the Trenton 
decree he lost all the wordly estate he possessed, and was after- 
wards obliged to purchase upon credit from his successful oppo- 
nents, paying by surveying about six hundred acres, including 
the farm upon which he lived and died. He was for three years 
one of the commissioners of Luzerne county, and also in 181 1 
one of the three trustees appointed by the governor to run the 
lines, lay off and organize Susquehanna county. 

Benjamin Parke, eldest son of Thomas Parke, practiced his 
profession in this city a few years after his admission, and then 
removed to Harrisburg, Pa. While there he, in company with 
William F. Packer (afterwards governor), edited and published the 
Keystone, then the central and leading organ of the democratic party 
in Pennsylvania. After disposing of that paper he for a time edited 
the Harrisburg Argus, and commenced the publication of the 
Pennsylvania Farmer and Common School Intelligencer. In 1834 
he was appointed by Governor Wolf to be the prothonotary of 
the middle district of the Supreme Court, consisting of sixteen 
counties. He also held the office of commissioner in bankruptcy, 
and was the principal compiler of Parke and Johnson's " Digest 
of the laws of Pennsylvania," published in 1837. He returned to 
Susquehanna county in i860. 

George C. Drake. 1141 


James McClintock, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., January 23, 1826, was a native of Jersey Shore, Pa. 
He was the son of Thomas McClintock, and grandson of James 
McClintock, both of whom were natives of Raphoe, county of 
Donegal, Ireland. He read law with his uncle, Ethan Baldwin, 
and was for some years one of the most prominent lawyers at the 
Luzerne bar. He was a great orator, and whenever he spoke 
the court room was certain to be crowded. In 1832 he was a 
candidate for congress against Thomas W. Miner and Andrew 
Beaumont, but was defeated by the latter. Soon after this he 
lost his wife (who was Miss Johnson, of Germantown, Pa.) and 
child. He then had a severe attack of brain fever, and became 
hopelessly insane. He survived his insanity over fifty years. 


George C. Drake was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., August 8, 1827. He was the son of Benjamin Drake, who 
was born April 22, 1778, in Mend ham, Morris county, N. J. The 
latter was a merchant in this city for some years, and was also 
a blacksmith. His first wife, whom he married January 23, 1799, 
was Susanna Wright, a daughter of William Wright, an old 
resident of this city. (See page 1125.) His second wife, whom 
he married March 2, 181 7, was Nancy S. Ely, a native of Abing- 
ton, Montgomery county, Pa., where she was born February 10, 
1788. The only living descendant of this second marriage is Wil- 
liam Drake Loomis, of this city. George C. Drake was born in 
Wilkes-Barre, May 25, 1806. He practiced his profession in this 
city for a few years, was district attorney of the county, and in 
1833 became a Protestant Episcopal minister. He officiated as 
such at Bloomsburg, Pa., Danville, Pa., Muncy, Pa., and other 

1 142 Sylvester Dana. 

places. He was married three times. His first wife was Abigail 
Haines, a daughter of George Haines, of this city. There were 
two children by this marriage — Abigail and Elizabeth — both 
deceased. His second wife was Margaret Shoemaker, a daughter 
of Jacob Shoemaker and his wife, Sophia Robb, daughter of 
Robert Robb, of Muncy, Pa. By this marriage Mr. Drake left five 
surviving children — Margaret, wife of Dr. J. J. Whitney ; Charles; 
Harriet, wife of F. C. Peterman ; Benjamin and Anna Drake. His 
third wife was Sophia Robb, a daughter of William Robb and his 
wife Mary, daughter of Henry Shoemaker, of Muncy, Pa. Mr. 
Drake left two surviving children by this marriage — Susan, wife 
of Milo W. Ward, and John Drake. George C. Drake died at 
Muncy, Pa., June 27, 1878. 


Sylvester Dana, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., November 7, 1828, was a native of Wilkes-Barre, Pa., 
where he was born May 28, 1806. He was the son of Anderson 
Dana, a native of Connecticut, who was born August 11, 1765, 
who was the son of Anderson Dana, born in 1733, and his wife, 
Susanna (Huntington) Dana, who was the son of Jacob Dana, 
born in 1698, who was the son of Jacob Dana, born in 1664, who 
was the son of Richard Dana, who was born in France, April 15, 
161 2, and died in Cambridge, Mass., April 2, 1690. Sylvester 
Dana was educated at the Wilkes-Barre Academy, then under 
the charge of Rev. Joseph H. Jones, D. D., and at Yale College, 
from which he graduated in 1826. He read law with Garrick 
Mallery, and practiced in this city and Circleville, Ohio. Owing 
to failing health and trouble with his voice, which prevented 
public speaking, he returned to Wilkes-Barre from Ohio, and 
in 1835 became the principal of the Wilkes-Barre Academy, 
which position he held until 1839, when he established Dana's 
Academy. A few years since he gave up his school and removed 
to Lower Makefield, Bucks county, Pa., where he died June 19, 

Thomas Edward Paine. 1143 

1882. Mr. Dana married, March 26, 1832, Elizabeth Brown, a 
daughter of Moses and Elizabeth (Frisbie) Brown, of Connecticut. 
Five children were the result of this union — Eunice A. Dana, 
Elizabeth Dana, Louisa A. Dana, Ellen Dana, and Robert S. 
Dana, whose wife is Fanny Pawlings, who have one son, Sylves- 
ter Dana. 


William Sterling Ross was commissioned an associate judge of 
Luzerne county, Pa., May 6, 1829, as the successor of Jesse Fell, 
which position he held until 1839 — tne time of the adoption of 
the amended constitution of the state. His wife died June 23, 
1882. They left no children. For a sketch of Judge Ross see 
page 296. 


Thomas Edward Paine, who was admitted to the bar of Lu- 
zerne county, Pa., April 7, 1830, was a descendant of Thomas 
Paine, of Eastham, Cape Cod, Mass., who, at various periods from 
1767 to 1782, was a member of the Massachusetts legisla- 
ture, and in the list of deputies to the'Old Colony court the names 
of his father and grandfather often occur as far back as 1671, the 
family having resided at Eastham from about the first settle- 
ment of the Cape. The name of Thomas Paine appears in the 
history of Eastham upon various committees appointed for car- 
rying out the principles of freedom in resistance to British 
tyranny during the revolution. His mother, Alice Mayo, was a 
descendant of Governor Thomas Prince, and Robert Treat Paine, 
a signer of the declaration of independence, was his cousin, as 
was also William Payne, the father of John Howard Payne, 
author of "Home, Sweet Home." Having lost most of his prop- 
erty by the reverses of the war, and his wife dying, he removed 

1 144 Thomas Edward Paine. 

from Cape Cod to Boston, and subsequently to Maine. He was 
a man of intelligence and piety. The family being thus broken 
up, the sons were thrown upon their own resources and widely 
scattered, though keeping up by correspondence the bond of 
family union. One of the elder brothers was an early volunteer 
in the continental army, and another was twice taken prisoner 
on board a privateer. Clement Paine, the son of Thomas Paine, 
was born August 1 1, 1769, at Eastham, and at the age of fourteen 
years went to Portland (then Falmouth), Maine, to learn the 
printing business. He was subsequently engaged in various 
publishing offices in Boston and New York, and in 1791 formed 
the project, in connection with his brother Seth, of establishing a 
press and journal at " Kaatskill on the Hudson." But the type 
and other material ordered by them from London was lost at sea 
in the brig "Betsy," and the enterprise was abandoned, although 
we find that the publication of the Catskill Packet was commenced 
a year or two later by Croswell & Co., with good success. In 
1791 and 1792 Clement Paine was engaged in the office of Clay - 
poole's Daily Advertiser at Philadelphia, then the seat of the 
general government under Washington's administration. It was 
there he frequently saw the first president, and a strong sentiment 
of respect and admiration then formed for the personal character 
of Washington remained with him through life. In September, 
1792, Clement Paine, in connection with his brother, David Paine, 
erected a store and potash factory at Rensselaerville, N. Y. The 
business, however, did not prove a success. In March, 1794, 
David writes from "Owago on the Susquehanna" to Clement, 
who remained to wind up the concern, and soon after from Tioga 
Point, where the former had become connected with William 
Bingham in the purchase and sale of lands under the Connecticut 
title. Clement came to Tioga Point in December, 1794, and the 
brothers were there connected in trade and land operations. 
During the winter and spring of 1796 Clement had charge of the 
business of his brother Seth at Charleston, S. C, who was pub- 
lishing the City Gazette, the first daily paper ever printed there. 
His partner was Peter Freneau, secretary of the state, and the 
brother of Philip Freneau, well known as a poet and journalist. 
In 1796 David and Clement Paine erected the house which was 

Thomas Edward Paine. 1145 

in after years and for a long period the family residence of the 
latter. It was in part built by the father of Judge Elwell. The 
conflicting land titles of Connecticut and Pennsylvania began to 
interfere much with both public and private property throughout 
the region, and in 1797 Clement Paine writes : "Many people are 
of opinion that violent measures will be resorted to before the 
dispute is finally settled, but I can hardly persuade myself that 
this State will attempt a thing so amazingly absurd as it would 
be, under the present circumstances, to send on troops to dis- 
possess the settlers here, who, by estimation, now amount to from 
twelve to fifteen thousand people. We shall continue regularly 
to prosecute our business, notwithstanding the hostile attitude of 
our enemies, and such is the general intention of the people." 
Later in the same year he writes : "A great stagnation of mer- 
cantile and speculative business is the universal complaint 
throughout this northern country. The sale of new land in any 
situation seems entirely suspended, and it is difficult to obtain 
money for any kind of property." The brothers were associated 
with Colonel Franklin and others in vindicating the rights of the 
settlers, and in behalf of the common cause David made repeated 
journeys to Philadelphia and New England. During the uncer- 
tainty and depression of the times Clement began the study of 
law, and again spent a winter or two in Philadelphia. In March, 
1 80 1, on a passage from that city to New England, his vessel 
was wrecked on the south coast of Long Island, and he, with 
other passengers, barely escaped with their lives. In 1801 his 
esteemed brother, Seth Paine, whose publishing house had grown 
into an extensive business, died of yellow fever at Charleston, 
and at that city, for a part of several subsequent years, Clement 
Paine was ena-aged in the collection of claims and the settlement 
of the estate, in which he succeeded beyond expectation. For 
quite a long period after its first settlement Tioga Point, or 
Athens, as it is now called, was the centre of trade for a consid- 
erable part of the country. During the earlier years of his busi- 
ness there Clement Paine purchased his stocks of goods princi- 
pally from Orrin Day and Dr. Croswell, at Catskill, from whence 
(as for more than twenty years afterwards from New York and 
Philadelphia) he had them transported in wagons to Athens. 

1 146 George Washington Woodward. 

Sometimes, however, they came up the river on "Durham boats," 
which were propelled with poles. In July, 1806, he was married 
to Anne Woodbridge, a native of Glastenbury, Conn., the daugh- 
ter of Major Theodore Woodbridge, an officer of the revolutionary 
army, who removed to Wayne county, Pa., about 1800. She 
died in October, 1834, at the age of fifty years. In 181 2 Clement 
Paine was a presidential elector, casting the vote of his district for 
James Madison and Elbridge Gerry. During the war of 18 12 
he was active in procuring volunteers for the army, together with 
arms and supplies for their use. In 1844 he removed to Troy, 
Pa., where he died at the residence of his son, in March, 1849. 

Thomas E. Paine, son of Clement Paine, practiced his profes- 
sion in this city for several years. He became a Protestant 
Episcopal minister, and was ordained deacon by Bishop Kemper 
July 23, 1837. He was rector of St. Paul's church, Palmyra, Mo., 
in 1 84 1. He died at Woodville, Miss., in 1843. 


George Washington Woodward was admitted to the bar of 
Luzerne county, Pa., August 3, 1830, and died in Rome, .Italy, 
May 10, 1875. He sailed for Europe from Philadelphia on Oc- 
tober 22, 1874, to join his daughter, Lydia C, accompanied by 
Mrs. Woodward and her niece. After visiting many parts of 
England they sojourned for awhile in Paris, and thence went to 
Italy, stopping at various places and cities of that country, and 
finally settled in Rome for the remainder of the winter. Colonel 
Eorney, in several of his letters to the Press from Italy, mentioned 
the pleasure he had in meeting Judge Woodward and his family, 
and particularly remarked upon the Judge's great interest in the 
ruins of Pompeii, among which he spent many hours. Rome, 
always a residence exposing foreigners to the danger of typhoid 
and malarial fevers, had been particularly unpleasant and un- 
healthy during that winter. Letters received from Rome, not 
only those which had appeared in public papers, but also those 

George Washington Woodward. i 147 

written to family friends at home, had all mentioned the long 
continuance of cold weather and unusual rains, which brought as 
their concomitants fever and other forms of disease. It was but 
a few days before his death that a letter was received from Judge 
Woodward designating the following August as the time of his 
return home. At its date he was in good health ; in fact, he had 
never complained of any ailment during his absence. 

George W. Woodward was born March 26, 1809, and was con- 
sequently in the sixty-seventh year of his age at the time of his 
death. His birthplace was Bethany, then the seat of justice of 
Wayne county, Pa. His father, at the time of his birth, was 
sheriff of the county, and subsequently became an associate judge, 
an office which he held up to the date of his death in 1829. The 
family had settled in Pennsylvania before the revolution. The 
two grandfathers of Judge Woodward formed part of a colony 
from Connecticut which, cotemporaneously with the emigration 
to Wyoming, had occupied, in the year 1774, the valley of the 
Wallenpaupack, which forms the present boundary between the 
counties of Wayne and Pike. After the battle and massacre of 
Wyoming the colonists were driven from their homes by the 
tories and Indians. The women and children were enabled to 
find shelter and food in the counties of Orange and Dutchess, in 
the state of New York, while most of the men of the colony en- 
listed in the revolutionary army, and generally in different regi- 
ments of the Connecticut line. Jacob Kimble, the maternal 
grandfather of Judge Woodward, commanded a company as 
captain in the Connecticut line throughout the war. After the 
war of the revolution, in 1783, the survivors of the settlers 
returned to the valley of the Wallenpaupack, and commenced that 
career of toil and hardship which in that age was always, for at 
least one generation, incident to frontier life. The colony was 
remote and obscure ; the early improvements, in consequence of 
their enforced abandonment for a series of years, had become 
valueless, and the means of the settlers had been exhausted by the 
necessity for their support during their absence. The winter 
following their return is still traditional throughout the country- 
side as the severest one of the century. The nearest settlement 
at which supplies could be obtained was Milford, on the Dela- 

1 148 George Washington Woodward. 

ware, and every mouthful of the food of the colonists in all that, 
dreary winter was carried upon the backs of men who traversed 
upon snow-shoes the thirty miles between Milford and their 
homes. The colony soon became prosperous, and, like all such 
communities, soon began to send out into the world large num- 
bers of hardy, vigorous, and unflinching men. From the rugged 
character of the country in which they were reared, and from the 
habits of self-reliance which their isolation induced, the colonists 
of the Wallenpaupack have always been distinguished for a pecu- 
liar physical and mental energy. Imbued with the blood of the 
Wallenpaupack, Judge Woodward had inherited with it the un- 
bending courage, the resolute will, the clear, concentrated power, 
and the outspoken and open contempt for baseness and base 
men, which always characterized the pioneers from whom he 
was descended. 

The early education of Judge Woodward was such as the cir- 
cumstances of the country and the period permitted. The county 
of Wayne was upon the frontier, and the schools were designed 
for only the necessary wants of a community of struggling and 
straitened settlers. It has been said, however, that he had the 
advantage of a training by an elder brother, who died early, but 
who for the time was an accomplished mathematician, and who 
gave to his pupil the foundation for a thorough mathematical 
education. As soon as he attained a suitable age his father 
placed him at the Geneva Seminary — now Hobart College — at 
Geneva, New York, where for some years he was the classmate 
of several young men who have since been distinguised in public 
life, including the Hon. Henry S. Randall, formerly secretary of 
state, and the Hon. Horatio Seymour, ex-governor of New York 
and the democratic candidate for the presidency in 1868. From 
there he was transferred to the Wilkes-Barre Academy, then in 
charge of Dr. M. P. Orton. In every respect this change was 
most fortunate. The school itself was one of the last of a class 
of institutions which, prior to the advent of the common school 
system, afforded to students the means of thoroughly mastering 
the groundwork of classical, mathematical, and scientific knowl- 
edge. While the course of study was not greatly extended, it 
was thorough as far as it went. And certainly no equivalent for 

George Washington Woodward. 1149 

the old system of academical education is now in existence, ex- 
cept in the few schools of a polytechnic character, where a scholar 
can be trained in and for a specialty and nothing else. Dr. Orton 
himself entertained adequate conceptions of the value of his own 
position and a conscientious sense of his responsibility to his 
pupils. The academy under his charge was successful for a long 
period of years, and in 1828 young Woodward left it with an 
education which, in thoroughness, clearness, and finish, he could 
not have elsewhere readily acquired. 

Leaving school, Judge Woodward first entered the office of the 
late Thomas Fuller, of Wayne county, and then of the Hon. Gar- 
rick Mallery, at Wilkes-Barre, as a student at law. Mr. Mallery 
had long been the leading lawyer in northern Pennsylvania, and 
was at that time a member of the state legislature. In April, 
183 1, he was appointed by Governor Wolf president judge of the 
Berks judicial district, and Judge Woodward, who had been ad- 
mitted to the bar in August, 1830, became the occupant of his 
office and succeeded to his business. His success at the bar was 
very rapid and very great. His intellect was one of those which 
mature early. He had great capacity for labor, and both physical 
and moral courage. He was an eloquent and impressive speaker, 
and his weight of character, as well as his abilities, soon gave 
him the influence which character always secures both with 
courts and juries. He was in full practice in Luzerne, Wayne, 
Pike, Monroe and Susquehanna counties, and in the Supreme 
Court of the state, within a very short time after the transfer of 
Mr. Mallery to the bench. He was a thoroughly bred lawyer, 
laboring every question and every cause with unfailing energy, 
and his success in practice was in proportion to the expenditure 
he bestowed upon it. He was a man of commanding personal 
appearance, being over six feet high and built in proportion. On 
the bench he was the very personification of noble dignity, and 
with him no lawyer or any other person dared to trifle. Never- 
theless, he was a courteous judge, always regardful of the rights 
and privileges of all with whom he came in contact. He was 
deeply versed in all legal lore, was eminently a just and an upright 
judge, and an earnest and sincere christian gentleman. He was 
an honor to the bench and a citizen and statesman to whom our 


1 150 George Washington Woodward. 

country will always point with honest pride, as being among the 
ablest and noblest men of his epoch. 

His political connections, as well from his own instinct as from 
inherited influences, had always been with the democratic party. 
From the foundation of the government his family had also been 
democrats. Belonging to the yeomanry of the state, whigs during 
the revolution and soldiers in the continental army, they had no 
sympathy with, and nothing to hope from, the class of men who 
formed the federal party of that day. His father had been elected 
sheriff by the democracy of Wayne county and commissioned by 
Governor McKean, and his commission as judge had been given 
him by Governor Snyder, one of that staunch race of German 
governors who impressed sound views of public questions upon 
the people of Pennsylvania in a way that art, sophistry, falsehood, 
violence and terrorism have in vain sought to disturb. His 
brothers were also democrats, and were prominent in the politics 
of the northern part of the state. One of them died in 1825, 
holding the offices of register, recorder, prothonotary, and clerk 
of the courts in Wayne; and another of them subsequently repre- 
sented the Northampton district, to which the county was then 
attached, in the legislature. Devoted as he was to his profession, 
he always exhibited a warm and abiding interest in the political 
issues then pending. The struggle between the administration 
of General Jackson and the United States Bank was going on 
with all its virulence, and the position of Judge Woodward in 
support of the administration was taken promptly and firmly 
and maintained with unyielding courage and vigor. In 1835, in 
the unfortunate division of the party between two rival candidates, 
which resulted in the disaster of the election of Governor Ritner, 
he took strong ground in favor of Mr. Muhlenburg and against 
Governor Wolf. The influence of Mr. Ritner's administration 
upon all the interests of Pennsylvania was evil in an inexpressible 
degree. It also brought into power for the first time a class of 
dangerous men. It led to the introduction into the government 
of the state maxims and practices previously unknown, which, 
fostered by one party and tampered with by the other, have 
tended to subvert all safe theories, to demoralize large numbers 
of the people of the state, and to destroy in many politicians all 

George Washington Woodward. 1151 

sense of personal honor and public virtue. The chartering by 
the state legislature of the United States Bank in 1836; the 
avowed and shameless profligacy in the management of public 
improvements ; the encouragement given to corporations, and 
cognate questions, preparing as they did, in an insidious way, the 
public mind for that tendency to centralized despotism in the 
national government which is so lamentably manifest now, were 
all fruits of this original misfortune. From that time to the 
present there has been no single hour when the public interests 
have not required at the hands of every Pennsylvania patriot the 
most patient and vigilant watchfulness and the most energetic 
and unrelaxing effort to defeat the selfish schemes of speculators 
and jobbers, and to arrest the tendency which has been uniform 
and constant toward the subversion of all democratic institutions. 
In this duty, it is but justice to Judge Woodward to say, that he 
was always ready to make the sacrifices and to assume the bur- 
dens which patriotism required of him. Acting steadily with the 
democratic party, watching anxiously the course of public events, 
and always ready with his pen, his voice, and his vote to vindi- 
cate safe principles, he shrunk from none of the occasional odium 
and none of the local inconveniences which all men who keep 
unflinchingly in the path of duty must at some period encounter. 
In 1836 Judge Woodward was elected a delegate to the con- 
vention called by the legislature to reform the constitution of the 
state. Associated with him from Luzerne county were Andrew 
Bedford, M. D., William Swetland and E. W. Sturdevant, Esqs. 
In May, 1837, the convention met. It embraced the most expe- 
rienced and able men of the commonwealth. Its numbers 
included lawyers in the leading ranks of the bar, judges who had 
been long upon the bench, and gentlemen who had held high 
positions in the state and national governments. When it assem- 
bled there was a small majority opposed to any reform whatever, 
and that majority included almost every member of established 
reputation. As a leading member upon the judiciary committee, 
although only twenty-eight years of age, he at once took rank 
with such men as John Sergeant, James M. Porter, Thaddeus 
Stevens, Daniel Agnew, Tobias Sellers, William Findlay, and 
William M. Meredith. As a pungent, polished, erudite debater 

1 152 George Washington Woodward. 

he found few equals and no superior, and soon took high rank. 
He believed in all that was expressed in the old democratic 
motto, "This world is governed too much," and "the best gov- 
ernment is that which governs least." Judge Woodward was 
then an obscure and unknown lawyer from the north and one 
of the youngest men in the convention ; and with defined and 
strong views in favor of reform, the prospect of success seemed 
disheartening and unpromising enough. But the feelings of the 
people of the state were distinct and soon came to be distinctly 
announced. One step after another was gained, and in the end 
every object which had been sought by the call of the convention 
was gained. These debates covered in their range all the leading 
and vital questions involved in the theories and practices of repre- 
sentative government. Under the old constitution the judges of 
the state had been appointed by the governor for life. A leading 
struggle in the convention was to limit this tenure, and it resulted 
in a provision for the appointment of judges of the Supreme Court 
for fifteen years and of the judges of original jurisdiction for ten 
years. Inferior magistrates had been appointed for life also. It 
was provided that they, as well as the executive officers of the 
different counties, should be elected by the people. The power 
of corporations to appropriate the private property of the citizen 
under legislative grant was restricted, and in all cases of such 
appropriation security to the citizen was required. In order to 
settle a question, which had even then become a source of anx- 
ious and angry controversy, by constitutional enactment, the 
right of suffrage was limited to the white inhabitants of Pennsyl- 
vania. In the earlier constitutions of the state no necessity had 
occurred to their framers for the insertion of this limitation. No 
man had dreamed that the rights of political citizenship would be 
ever claimed for negroes. The argument of Judge Woodward 
upon this question in the convention was the clearest, ablest, and 
most convincing vindication of the proposed amendment which 
the debates contain. In all that has been written and spoken 
upon the subject since there has been no such satisfactory dis- 
cussion of the peculiar status of the negro in this country. It 
was proved that his race was a caste, and that for their benefit, as 
well as the benefit of the white population, his position of political 

George Washington Woodward. 1153 

and social inferiority must be recognized. It was shown that 
any attempt to inculcate practically the theory of the equality of 
the races would involve the inevitable necessity of leveling not 
the negro up, but the white man down. It was demonstrated 
that in all the history of the world, the order of Providence had 
been that in the struggle of races the weakest should depend on 
the strongest; that the development and civilization of mankind 
had been thus always promoted ; and.that all efforts founded on 
the morbid, uneasy, impatient, and restless conscientiousness of 
extreme men must end in incalculable injury to the superior race, 
and in the almost certain annihilation of the inferior and depend- 
ent caste. It is gravely to be regretted that principles so sound 
and salutary have come to be abandoned and derided by our 
present rulers. 

At the close of the reform convention Mr. Woodward returned 
to Wilkes-Barre and resumed the practice of his profession. In 
the autumn of 1838, after a vigorous contest, David R. Porter, 
the democratic candidate for governor, was elected. He was sup- 
ported by Mr. Woodward most ably and efficiently. In April, 
1 84 1, a vacancy having occurred in the office of president judge 
of the fourth judicial district, composed of the counties of Miff- 
lin, Huntingdon, Centre, Clearfield, and Clinton, he was appointed 
to that office. His splendid career in that distinguished position 
is yet well remembered. Before him were then practicing in 
Bellefonte, where Judge Woodward resided, such men as James 
Macmanus, H. N. M'Allister, James T. Hale (afterwards on 
the bench), Colonel (afterwards judge) James Burnside, Andrew 
G. Curtin, (since governor and minister to Russia), Samuel Linn 
(since judge), D. C. Boal, and other distinguished lawyers. 
Shortly after his appointment a division of the district was made, 
leaving the counties of Centre, Clinton, and Clearfield to compose 
the fourth district, in which he remained until the expiration of 
his term, in April, 185 r. He discharged the duties of the office 
acceptably to the people of the district and with great ability and 
great energy. 

From the time of his appointment to the bench, in 1841, Judge 
Woodward was debarred, by the public opinion prevalent in his 
party, from active personal participation in political contests. 

1 1 54 George Washington Woodward. 

His interest in public events, however, was maintained, and he 
watched their progress with an observant eye, ever ready to coun- 
sel and advise those who were charged with the responsibility of 
the government. He supported Mr. Polk for president, and 
Francis R. Shunk for governor, in 1844, and after the election, as 
soon as it was ascertained that Mr. Buchanan was to become a 
member of the cabinet of Mr. Polk, the minds of the leading 
members of the party throughout the state were turned to Judge 
Woodward as the candidate for United States senator, to be select- 
ed in order to supply the vacancy thus created. He received the 
nomination of the caucus of the democratic members of the 
legislature, and by every rule regulating the action of political 
parties in the state was entitled to an election, which the majority 
of the democrats in the legislature was large enough fully to 
ensure. Influences, however, were brought to bear upon several 
members of the majority, whose votes secured his defeat and the 
election of Simon Cameron, the candidate of the whigs, and of a 
faction representing for the first time in the politics of the state a 
native American party. In the case of every democrat who voted 
against Judge Woodward, his motives, and the manner in which 
he was controlled, were well known, and, in most instances, fully 
disclosed at the time ; but the pretext by which they attempted 
to justify their conduct was common to them all. 

But although bad men thus gained a temporary triumph over 
Judge Woodward, by a base and slanderous representation of 
his feeling towards foreigners* our adopted citizens themselves 
well understood his position in relation to them. They knew 
that he had been more truly and earnestly their friend than any 
of the demagogues who have successively courted, abused, and 
spurned them. Whenever they have been the victims of popu- 
lar prejudice — in 1844, when the native American party was first 
founded; in 1854, when the know-nothing organization swept 
the northern states with the pervading ruthlessness of an Egyp- 
tian plague — he was foremost in denunciation of the efforts of 
bad men to trample on their rights. And the support which he 
received from foreigners when a candidate for judge of the 
Supreme Court in 1852, proves that they recognized and realized 
the falsity of the charges which bad men, from time to time, made 

George Washington Woodward. 1155 

pretexts for defamation. Mr. Polk was inaugurated in March, 
1845, and congress met on the first of the following December. 
In the interval, the Hon. Henry Baldwin, a justice of the Supreme 
Court of the United States for the circuit composed of the states 
of Pennsylvania and New Jersey, had died. On December 23 
Mr. Polk appointed Judge Woodward to fill the vacancy. This 
was done without consultation or communication with him. In 
conferring the appointment, undoubtedly Mr. Polk was influ- 
enced by the result of the senatorial election, and by the purpose 
to rebuke the unprincipled and unscrupulous intrigue by which 
that result had been attained. Unfortunately for the success of 
Mr. Polk's object, the appointment had been made without con- 
sultation with Mr. Buchanan, the secretary of state, and his oppo- 
sition to the confirmation, in connection with the hostility of Gen- 
eral Cameron, led to the defeat of Judge Woodward in the sen- 
ate. But although General Cameron succeeded in seducing some 
three or four democrats to unite with him, Judge Woodward had 
the proud satisfaction of receiving an immense majority of the 
democratic vote, including all the most illustrious senators o 

Judge Woodward thenceforth devoted himself to the discha 
of the duties of his office during the remainder of his term, 
which expired in April, 1851. He then resumed the practice of 
law in his former office in Wilkes-Barre, and was thus employed 
until May, 1852, when Governor Bigler appointed him a judge of 
the Supreme Court, to fill a vacancy caused by the death of the Hon. 
Richard Coulter. By a constitutional amendment adopted in the 
year 1850, this office had become elective, and the appointment, 
therefore, extended only to the first of December, 1852. He was 
nominated as the democratic candidate by the convention of the 
party by acclamation, and thus for the first time was able to sub- 
mit his merits and his claims to the decision and discrimination 
of the people of the state. He was a candidate in the year of 
the presidential election, and that was at that time dependent 
upon the result of the general election in October. It was found 
in his case, as has been often proved in other cases, that the man 
who is apparently the last choice of the political managers may 
well be the first choice of the mass of the voters. In the county 

1156 George Washington Woodward. 

of Luzerne, where he had spent the greater part of his life, and 
in several adjacent counties where he was intimately known, he 
received a larger vote than had ever been polled for a candidate 
in a contested election; and he succeeded by a majority in the 
state that vindicated most amply his professional fitness, his polit- 
ical position, and the integrity of his character. 

Judge Woodward discharged the duties of this responsible and 
laborious office until 1867, and throughout the whole period his 
reputation as a judge had been deservedly high. With unusual 
powers of concentration and great capacity for labor, his style of 
discussing legal questions was singularly forcible, distinct, and 
clear. Avoiding all affectation of fine writing on the one hand, 
and all tendency to epigram on the other, he says of a case just 
that which it is necessary to say in English, that is always simple, 
elegant, and racy. There are no opinions in the Pennsylvania 
reports more intelligible to plain and unlearned men, and there 
are none more thorough, able, and exhaustive. The judgment 
of the Supreme Court upon the question of the constitutional 
right of soldiers to vote was prepared and entered by him. It 
was decided that this right did not exist, and the plain letter of 
the constitution was a sufficient warrant for the judgment. 

The political position of Judge Woodward was perfectly famil- 
iar and perfectly intelligible to the people of Pennsylvania. Reso- 
lute in his opposition to any dismemberment of the union — 
ready to sustain the national government in every legitimate and 
constitutional effort — with two sons connected with the northern 
army in the east — with two nephews from the outbreak of the 
war in the armies of the west, and with multitudes of relatives in 
the military service of the nation everywhere, he insisted upon 
the maintenance of the institutions of the government in their 
spirit and integrity — upon the supremacy of the law — upon the 
preservation of the liberty of the citizen — upon freedom, within 
clear, legal limits of action, and thought, and speech. He insist- 
ed upon the maintenance of the constitutional immunities of the 
states. He was hostile to the whole theory of centralization. 
Upon this subject, in a letter written on the first day of July, 
1852, he said: "The great lesson taught us is, that the Union 
itself, the product of the states, is to be preserved only by main- 

George Washington Woodward. 1157 

taining the just rights of the states. This truth, as old as our 
constitution, is too often forgotten. That the states were pre- 
existant to the Union, as sovereignties absolutely free and inde- 
pendent, accountable to no power on earth for their domestic 
institutions and internal economy ; that they exist still in all the 
plenitude of their original sovereignty, save in the few particulars 
and to the precise extent of their voluntary surrender of it in a 
written constitution, are first principles, to which we do well often 
to recur." He was opposed to the exercise of every form of 
arbitrary, discretionary, and despotic power, and was always pre- 
pared to resist it. That the existence of a war justifies a presi- 
dent in governing peaceable communities by martial law ; that a 
temperate discussion of political questions, involving even criti- 
cism of the policy of the administration, may be punished at the 
mere whim of a subordinate military officer ; that for such offense 
punishments may be invented which are unheard of in our juris- 
prudence; and that the life, liberty, and property of the citizen 
of a state containing no armed enemy may be invaded upon a 
government official's theory of "military necessity," are heresies 
to which Judge Woodward never assented in any position which 
the accidents of life called upon him to fill. 

In 1863 Judge Woodward became the democratic candidate 
for governor of the state against Governor Andrew G. Curtin, 
but he was defeated by a majority of over 15,000, although Lu- 
zerne gave a majority of 2,786 in his favor. 

For four years prior to the expiration of his term of office on 
the supreme bench, he acted as chief justice by virtue of senior- 
ity of commission, and he gave notice a year before his retire- 
ment that he should decline a re-election. Hon. George Shars- 
wood succeeded him. 

In June, 1867, he went to Europe, and the death of Hon. 
Charles Denison, who had been elected to represent the twelfth 
district of Pennsylvania in the fortieth congress, occurring, Judge 
Woodward was nominated and elected during his absence to fill 
the vacancy, his majority in Luzerne county being 1,881 over his 
opponent, Hon. Winthrop W. Ketcham. He was re-elected to 
a full term in 1868, his majority in Luzerne county being 3,074; 
his opponent was Hon. Theodore Strong, of Pittston, brother 

1 1 58 George Washington Woodward. 

of Justice Strong, of the Supreme Court of the United States. 

In 1870 he was unanimously nominated by the democratic 
party for the office of president judge of the eleventh judicial 
district, but owing to local dissentions in the party he was defeat- 
ed along with the major part of the ticket, Hon. Garrick M. 
Harding being his opponent. 

After the expiration of his congressional term Judge Wood- 
ward resumed the practice of the law at Wilkes-Barre, but hav- 
ing been retained in a number of important cases requiring his 
presence in Philadelphia, he removed in the fall of 1870 to that 
city. Here he opened an office on Walnut street, and entered at 
once upon his professional duties. Owing to his extensive ac- 
quaintance throughout the state, as well with the people as with 
the lawyers of the different counties, business came to him from 
all quarters, and his name will be found associated with many of 
the great causes of the five years previous to his death. Upon 
the very morning, and almost at the exact moment, that the tele- 
gram announcing his death arrived, the Supreme Court, at Har- 
risburg, was pronouncing its opinion in the case of Cox v. Der- 
inger, in which he had originally brought suit, and in the trial of 
which he had participated as principal counsel. As a further co- 
incidence it may be mentioned that the opinion of the court was 
read by Hon. Warren J. Woodward, a nephew and former stu- 
dent of the deceased, who had been elected to the supreme bench 
at the previous fall election. 

While practicing law in Philadelphia Judge Woodward was 
elected as a delegate at large in the last constitutional convention 
on the democratic ticket. In that body he was chairman of the 
committee on "private corporations, foreign and domestic, other 
than railroads, canals, and religious and charitable corporations 
and societies," and a member of the committee on "judiciary." 
His long experience on the bench and wonderful forensic ability 
made his services very valuable to these committees. In July, 
1873, he resigned his seat in the convention, but his resignation 
was not accepted, and he resumed his position when the conven- 
tion re-opened the ensuing fall. 

Hon. William M. Meredith was president of the convention, 
and, like Judge Woodward, was also a member of the constitu- 

George Washington Woodward. 1159 

tional convention of 1837, but died on August 17, 1873, before 
the convention had concluded its labors. Judge Woodward, in 
speaking of his death, said : 

"Somebody has said that a great man has departed. A great 
man, indeed, sir ! We did not appreciate him. It is the habit of 
the American mind not to appreciate their great men. The 
American people seem not to discover the good qualities of a 
man until he is dead. The old Romans treated their public men 
differently. If a general achieved a victory for the Roman arms, 
a triumphal arch was erected, he was welcomed home with 
wreaths and banners and music, and orations were pronounced 
upon him, and he was permitted to know what his fellow-coun- 
trymen thought of him. And so were men of genius, whether 
orators or poets, honored with public ovations. But in our day 
the case is very different. The living man is continually belittled. 
He is regarded as in the way of somebody ; he is slighted ; he 
is neglected ; and yet, when we look at his works, when we listen 
to his thoughts, after death has set its great seal upon him, we 
all discover that our fellow-citizen was, indeed, a great and good 
man. We withhold the meed of praise during his life, but we 
hasten to bestrew his grave with flowers, now that he is gone. 

"Mr. President, in that inimitable form of prayer that is used 
at the grave, prescribed by the church of England, we are 
directed to "render hearty thanks for the good examples of all 
those who, having finished their course in faith, do now rest from 
their labors." Hearty thanks, sir ! "Hearty thanks" are due 
only for great blessings ; and is it not a great blessing that we 
have such an example, the example of such a life as Mr. Mere- 
dith's ; his learning, his acquisitions of knowledge, his use of 
that knowledge in illustrating his profession, his high-toned honor 
that never knew a stain, though he would have felt a stain worse 
than a wound ? Yes, sir, let us be thankful for the good exam- 
ple of this man, especially now that his work is finished. There 
is no more danger to him. There is no mis-step that he can 
take. His labor is done ; his work is finished ; his record is 
made up forever. And, sir, allow me to add in conclusion that 
he died as he had lived, in the faith of Christ, because without 
touch of fanaticism about him, with no ostentation in his religion, 
Mr. Meredith was an humble and faithful believer in Christ, and 
a member of Christ church in this city, and for many years an 
honored representative in the diocesan conventions, as we all 

When Judge Woodward was called to the Supreme Court 
bench the other judges were Black, Gibson, Lewis, and Lowrie, 

n6o George Washington Woodward. 

all able and eminent jurists, but with whom the new comer at 
once stood fairly equal. His opinions are exceedingly well writ- 
ten, clear and forcible, and on all constitutional questions, or 
questions in which personal rights were involved, they give forth 
no uncertain sound. His opinions are reported in thirty -six 
volumes of the Pennsylvania state reports, commencing with 
Deal v. Bogue, 8 Harris, and ending with Oakland Railway 
Company v. Keenan, 6 P. F. Smith. 

Judge Woodward married, September 10, 1832, Sarah Eliza- 
beth, only daughter of George W. Trott, M. D. Her mother 
was Lydia Chapman, daughter of Captain Joseph Chapman, for- 
merly of Norwich, Connecticut, and subsequently of Brooklyn, 
Susquehanna county, Pennsylvania. Hon. Charles Miner, in 
1849, writes : "On the 12th of February, 1799, in company with 
Captain Peleg Tracy, his brother Leonard, and Miss Lydia Chap- 
man, in one sleigh, Mr. John Chase, of Newburyport, and myself in 
another, set out from Norwich, Connecticut, and arrived at Hop- 
bottom the 28th. The snow left us the first night, when we were 
only twelve miles on our way, and we were obliged to place our 
sleighs on trundle wheels. Our cheerful, undaunted female friend, 
through the patience-trying journey of sixteen days (never a 
tear, a murmur, or a sigh), lived to see her grandchildren, the 
children of an eminent judge of the Supreme Court." And again 
he writes : "Miss Lydia Chapman, a lady of high intelligence 
and great merit, became an inhabitant of Wilkes- Barre and an 
instructress of a school. Married with Dr. G. W. Trott, their 
accomplished daughter intermarried with the Hon. George W. 
Woodward." The children of Judge and Mrs. Woodward were 
Hon. Stanley Woodward, of this city ; Colonel George A. 
Woodward, of Washington, D. C; Charles Francis Woodward, 
of Philadelphia ; Ellen May Woodward, deceased ; Lydia C. 
Hancock, deceased, wife of E. A. Hancock; P^lizabeth, wife of 
E. Greenough Scott, of this city ; William Wilberforce Wood- 
ward, deceased ; John K. Woodward, deceased ; Mary H. Wil- 
liamson, deceased, wife of J. Pryor Williamson, deceased. Mrs. 
Woodward died June 21, 1869. In 1871 Judge Woodward mar- 
ried the widow of FAwavd Macalester, a man of note and large 
wealth, in Lexington, Kentucky, and a brother of the late Charles 

George Washington Woodward. 1161 

Macalestei\ of Philadelphia. They had no children. She sur- 
vives him and resides in Lexington. 

The distinguished deceased was a man of the highest integrity 
and fidelity. No one, whether he agreed with him in sentiment 
or not, ever doubted his honesty of purpose, or the sincerity of 
his opinions. He was a man in whom could be placed universal 
and absolute trust; and no man ever did his duty to his country, 
his God and truth more earnestly and constantly than he. He 
was marked for his force of character. He was an earnest man 
in everything — a pretender in nothing. He was an able legisla- 
tive debater, and had large views on constitutional law, and was 
an able judicial writer on questions of a broad and comprehensive 
character. He was noted also as a good nisi prius judge, his 
charge to the jury having always great weight, there being some- 
thing about his presence which impressed those who first came 
in contact with him. His personal appearance contributed 
largely to this influence over the jury, as he was a man cast in a 
remarkably large mould, and of massive form and strength. He 
understood the science and the true principles of government, 
and knowing them, dared to maintain them with unflinching 
courage in the face of calumny, detraction, and even personal 
peril. To his brother members of the bar, and to the bar whilst. 
on the bench, as well as in general society, he was most urbane 
and courteous. He was a sincere and exemplary christian, and 
had strong religious tendencies, being a consistent member of 
the Protestant Episcopal church, and took great interest in all 
church matters. In his family he was remarkably affectionate, 
and possessed and deserved the love and veneration of his family 
and kindred, and the warm regard of numerous friends who were 
bound to him with "hooks of steel." He was strongly affected 
by the death of his brother ex-chief justice, Judge Thompson, 
when that distinguished jurist fell, literally with the harness on, 
while arguing an important case before the Supreme Court, 
Judge Woodward being on the other side. The following is 
from the latter's speech at the bar meeting of Judge Thompson in 
which Judge Woodward is describing his deceased brother: "An 
acute critic has said, 'Perhaps the perfection of the judicial char- 
acter consists in the exhibition of pure intellect divested of human 

1 162 George Washington Woodward. 

sympathy.' And yet who would choose for his judge such a 
monster of perfection. He is the fortunate judge who can so 
conduct himself on the seat of justice, and clothe his decisions in 
such language, that both he who wins and he who loses his 
cause can unite in paying a deserved tribute to his wisdom and 
integrity. 'Then,' 'Now,' were his last words. And how signifi- 
cant ! Then he was addressing to your honors the words of 
wisdom his mature years, his active life, his large reading had 
stored away in his well furnished mind. Now, he lies a pallid 
corpse in your honors' presence. And this little interval, only 
a few minutes long, spans the space between life and death, 
between the active duties of a well spent life and the dread reali- 
ties of eternity. When have your honors witnessed a more 
impressive scene — one that tells us more solemnly how near we 
are to death even in the heat and stir of life? 'In the midst of 
life we are in death.' " 

The death of such a man as Judge Woodward is a national 
calamity. His great ability, his profound legal knowledge, his per- 
sonal and official integrity, his enlarged and statesmanlike views, 
his christian character, his undoubted patriotism, made him one 
of the noblest men in the union, and in all sections, north, south, 
east and west, his demise was deeply lamented. His life was 
one of spotless purity, and of him it may be truly said that his 


" ( >ne of the few, the immortal names 
That were not horn to die." 

The Supreme Court met at Harrisburg May 11, 1875, and 
was occupied in hearing the argument of 'McLellan's Appeal, an 
important case from Chambersburg. Hon. A. K. McClure con- 
cluded the argument, and when he closed he announced the death 
of the late Chief Justice Woodward as follows: 

"And now, may it please the court, turning from the perishable 
things of time which so strangely concerns us, I am charged 
with a painful duty. George W. Woodward is dead ! From a 
far-off land the swift message has come unseen, like the summons 
of the inexorable messenger whose solemn decree it records, and a 
voice once most familiar in this learned court is hushed forever. In 
the presence of his associates and successors, mine is not the task 
of eulogy. His stainless judicial record, that has long been as a 

George Washington Woodward. 1163 


text for the profession, would make even the most eloquent praise 
feeble. It is well to take pause over the death of such a judge. 
Only a man like his fellows — mortal, fallible, and sharing the 
infirmities, which are a common inheritance, and living and act- 
ing during a period when demoralization and distrust have been 
widespread in both authority and people, his adornment of public 
station by the highest measure of intellectual power, and a purity 
of purpose that is confessed by friend and foe, must leave his 
memory green among us wherever ability and integrity are hon- 
ored. His life was replete with uncommon vicissitudes. Hon- 
ored in the outset of his career by his native state beyond any 
other citizen of his years, it was but natural that he should not 
be exempt from the disappointments of ambition. They are the 
price of bright promise in the highway to distinction, and are the 
thorns which remain to wound the hopeful grasp as the beauty 
and fragrance of the flower perish. From the withered field of 
political preferment to which he had been called by other efforts 
than his own, he ever came back to himself — to his one great 
calling and his grandest possible triumphs ; and as judge and chief 
justice for two-thirds of a generation, he has written an imperish- 
able record. And now, in the fulness of his days, ripe in years, 
and wearing the chaplet of honors that even malice would not 
dare to stain, he has passed away. The fitful clouds and angry 
tempests of prejudice and passion, which at times obscure the 
attributes of greatness, have long since vanished like the mists of 
the morning, and in the calm, bright evening-time, he that has 
so justly judged between man and man appears before the Great 
Judge of all the living. But his blameless life, his pure example, 
his reverenced judgments remain, and like the beautiful dream of 
the departed sun, that throws its halo over the countless jewels 
which soften the deep lines of darkness, so will his lessons of 
wisdom and honesty illumine the path of public and private duty 
for generations to come. In respect to his memory, I move that 
the court do now adjourn." 

Chief Justice Agnew responded to Mr. McClure's address as 
follows : 

"We have listened to the announcement of the death of Hon. 
George W. Woodward, a former chief justice of this court, with 
feelings of unusual sadness. The suddenness of the melancholy 
event adds greatly to our sorrow. Chief Justice -Woodward took 
a high position on this bench, and during a full term of fifteen 
years was esteemed one of its brightest ornaments, for the learn- 
ing, ability, acuteness, and culture displayed in his judgments. 
It does not fall to the lot of any one of us to be always right, yet 

1 1 64 George Washington Woodward. 

even when he dissented from the judgment of his brethren his 
opinions were marked by great force, vigor of thought, and ex- 
cellence of style. One, I remember, was afterwards adopted, and 
became the ruling of the court in subsequent decisions. Being 
myself the only member of the present bench who sat with him, 
it falls to me, perhaps, more than others, to speak of him in his 
judicial career. In some things we differed widely, as is the case 
with those brought up in different schools of opinions. But I 
feel a great satisfaction, now that he has left the world and its 
exciting scenes, in declaring that, notwithstanding our differences 
on some great public questions, the utmost cordiality existed 
between us. In personal character he stood high. A man of 
marked qualities, he was open and free in expression, perhaps to 
a fault. When opposed to any public sentiment his opinions 
were not the less outspoken. He had little, indeed none, of that 
secretiveness which oftentimes attends the public career of men 
of less ability, and by his freedom of speech at times placed him- 
self at a disadvantage. My entrance to this bench in 1863 was not 
my first introduction or first opportunity of studying his charac- 
ter. ' We were of the same age within three months, and but 
twenty-eight when we met together in the constitutional reform 
convention of 1837. I soon had occasion to notice him as one of 
no common ability. A very tall, slightly sallow, and then rather 
thin man, when he rose to address the chair his stature, deliberate 
manner, clear thought, vigorous language, and logical argument 
were striking in one of his years, and commanded the attention 
of every member. He rose rapidly, and soon took a front rank 
with those with whom he acted within party lines. In that con- 
vention were such gentlemen as Charles Jared Ingersoll, James 
Madison Porter, James Clarke, Thomas Earle, and others who 
were leaders on the same side ; yet six weeks had scarcely passed 
away when George W. Woodward, the member from Luzerne, 
stood abreast with them, and became an acknowledged leader, 
and soon attracted to himself his party movements. Having 
indulged in these few personal recollections, I may now add that 
all my brethren unite with me in expressing our heartfelt sorrow 
for this sad event, which has removed an eminent jurist and dis- 
tinguished man from our sight forever, and from the bosom of a 
family which loved and revered him. It is now ordered that the 
announcement of Mr. McClure of the death of the Hon. George 
W. Woodward, a former chief justice of this court, be entered on 
the minutes, and that his motion be granted that we do now ad- 
journ, as a token of respect for his memory." For further in- 
formation concerning the Woodward family see page 97. 

Ovid Fraser Johnson. 1165 


Charles Denison Shoemaker was appointed an associate judge 
of Luzerne county, Pa., August 21, 1830. For a sketch of his 
family see pages 45 and 128. 


Ovid Fraser Johnson, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., April 6, 1831, was the grandson of Rev. Jacob John- 
son, also of this city (see page 187), and the son of Jehodia 
Pitt Johnson, of this city. (See page 775). O. F. Johnson was born 
in Wilkes-Barre March 7, 1807. He was educated at the Wilkes- 
Barre Academy, and read law with John N. Conyngham. He 
practiced in this city from the time of his admission until the time 
of his marriage. On January 15, 1839, he was appointed attorney- 
general of Pennsylvania, which office he held until January 21, 
1845. As an orator Mr. Johnson was brilliant, as a lawyer he had 
superior abilities and somewhat of a widely known reputation, 
being frequently employed to try cases in different states of the 
union. He had also high reputation as a political writer. He 
was the author of the celebrated "Governor's Letters," published 
during the administration of Governor Ritner, and which pur- 
ported to give the ludicrous side to the political characters then 
figuring in the politics of the state. Mr. Johnson married, July 
28, 1835, Jane Alricks, of Harrisburg, Pa. She was a descendant 
of Pieter Alricks, son of Pieter Alricks, who had been sent in 
1658 by the Dutch government with instructions for New Neth- 
erlands and more than probable with the intention of remaining 
in the new country. In March, 1659, we find him carrying on 
trade in the " HoreKihl." In January, 1660, D'Hinayossa ap- 
pointed him commander there. On September 6, 1664, New 
Amsterdam was captured by the English, and Governor General 
Stuveysant was expelled. Thirteen days after Sir Robert Carr 
appeared on the Delaware, and in a fortnight thereafter took the 
Dutch forts. The estate of Pieter Alricks was confiscated, but 

n66 Ovid Fraser Johnson. 

some years afterwards the Dutch again obtained possession not 
only of the banks of the Delaware but also of Fort Amsterdam, 
now New York city, and held possession until the English Gov- 
ernor Andross arrived, and then the annals inform us, "November 
io, 1674, Fort Amsterdam, New York, was this day surrendered 
to Governor Andross, and all the magistrates in office at the 
time of the Dutch coming here, to be reinstated for the Delaware 
river, except Pieter Alricks, he having proffered himself to the 
Dutch at their first coming of his own motion, and acted very 
violent as their chief officer ever since." Commissary Alricks 
subsequently swore fidelity to the English and continued his 
trade on the South river. In August, 1672, he was appointed 
bailiff for New Castle, on the Delaware ; in October, 1667, com- 
missioned one of its justices and re-commissioned June 7, 1680, 
being one of the justices in commission when the proprietary 
government was formed. He was a member of the first assembly 
of the province, 1682 and 1683, and from 1685 to 1689 served as 
one of the provincial councillors. In 1685 William Penn bought 
out the title of the Indians in a large body of land lying be- 
tween Philadelphia and Wilmington, extending back from the 
Delaware river as far as a man "can ride in two days with ahorse." 
The first witness to this Indian deed is Pieter Alricks. He was 
commissioned one of the justices of the peace for the Lower 
Counties, April 13, 1690, and again May 2, 1693. On Septem- 
ber 2, 1690, he was also appointed a judge of the provincial court, 
serving until 1693. He probably died about that time. From 
him for two generations it has been found difficult to trace the 
full descent, save that a son of Pieter last named was probably 
named Pieter and his son Wessels or Weselius Alricks. The 
latter was born in Delaware, afterwards removed to Philadelphia, 
where he became quite prominent in provincial affairs, and held- 
several important offices. He died there, leaving a son Hermanus, 
born about 1730, in Philadelphia. He resided some years in his 
native city, but afterwards settled in Cumberland county. He was 
chosen the first member of the general assembly from that county, 
and was commissioned prothonotary of Cumberland county, and 
also a justice of the peace. Until his death he was a man of mark 
and influence in the valley west of the Susquehanna. Hermanus 

John J. Wurtz. 1167 

Alricks was twice married. There was probably no issue by the 
first marriage. He married, second, Ann West, born 1733, in 
the north of Ireland ; died November 21, 1791, in Donegal town- 
ship, Lancaster county, Pa., and is buried in the old church yard 
there. Hermanus Alricks died December 14, 1772, in Carlisle. 
James Alricks, son of Hermanus Alricks, was born December 2, 
1769, at Carlisle. He received a good education in the schools 
of his day, and was brought up to a mercantile life. In 1 791-2 
he was engaged in business in Maytown, Lancaster county, and 
in 1 8 14 he removed with his family from Lost Creek Valley to 
Harrisburg. He was a man of extensive reading, passionately 
fond of books, and he regarded an honest man, of fine education 
and refined manners, as the most remarkable object on the face of 
the earth. After his father's death he was raised on a farm in 
Donegal township, and used to say that at that period no one 
could get an education for want of teachers. On March 10, 1821, 
he was appointed clerk of the Orphans' Court and Quarter Ses- 
sions, serving until 1824. He subsequently served as one of the 
magistrates of the borough. He married, July 21, 1796, at Har- 
risburg, Martha Hamilton, daughter of John Hamilton and Mar- 
garet Alexander. These were the parents of Jane Alricks, who 
was born at Oakland Mills, in Lost Creek Valley, now Juniata 
county, Pa., who married Ovid Fraser Johnson. Mr. and Mrs. 
Johnson had a family of four children — Fanny Alricks, who be- 
came the wife of Hon. Samuel Townsend Shugert, of Bellefonte, 
Pa., Hannah Ianthe Johnson, Martha Alricks Johnson, and Ovid 
Fraser Johnson, of Philadelphia. The last named is a lawyer, 
and the author of " Law of Mechanics' Liens in Pennsylvania," 
Philadelphia, 1884. O. F. Johnson, senior, died in the city of 
Washington, D. C, in February, 1854. 


John J. Wurtz, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., August 2, 1 83 1, was a descendant of Rev. Hans Conrad Wirtz, 
who came to this country from Zurich, Switzerland, in 1707. 

ii68 Volnev Lee Maxwell. 

He preached first at New Brunswick, N. J. He was pastor of 
the Egypt church, in White Hall township, Lehigh county, Pa., 
from 1742 to 1744. In 1747 he was the pastor of the Springfield 
Reformed church, in Bucks county, Pa. He removed to Rock- 
away, N. J., in 1751. In 1761 he removed to York, Pa., where 
he was pastor of the First Reformed church of that place. He 
died in York September 21, 1763, and is buried under the altar 
of the stone church, which was in process of erection during his 
pastorate. Dr. George Wurtz, of Montville and Boonton, N. J., 
was the son or grandson of Rev. Hans Conrad Wurtz. He was 
the father of John J. Wurtz, who was born at Longwood, N. J., 
February 2, 1801. His wife was Ann Barbara Norris, of Balti- 
more, Md. They had three children — Henry Wirtz, George 
Wurtz, and Eliza Ann, wife of Rev. Francis Canfield. Mr. Wurtz 
practiced in this city, and died here November 4, 1836. 


Volney Lee Maxwell, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., November 11, 1831, was a grandson of James Max- 
well, of the English navy, which he left at Halifax, N. S., long 
before the revolutionary war. Squire Maxwell, son of James 
Maxwell, was born in Warren, R. I. His wife was Phebe Rice, 
a native of New York. V. L. Maxwell, son of Squire Maxwell, 
was born in what is now Hamilton county, N. Y., June 12, 1S04. 
He received his early education at Johnstown, N. Y., and later at 
the Aurora (N. Y.) Academy. In his early manhood he was a 
school teacher. He read law with Mr. Darlington, at West 
Chester, Pa., and was admitted to the Chester county bar No- 
vember 1, 183 1. From 1832 to 1839 he was a partner of the late 
Judge Conyngham. He married, September 15, 1840, at Para- 
dise, Pa., Lydia M. Haines, a daughter of George Haines, who 
was a civil engineer in this city. The wife of George Haines was 

William Wurts. 1169 

Eliza Chapman, a daughter of Captain Joseph Chapman, who 
located in what is now Dimock, Susquehanna county, Pa., in 
1798. He was a sea captain, from Norwich, Conn., who had 
made fifty voyages to the West Indies. He was the grandfather 
of C. I. A. Chapman, of the Luzerne county bar, and also the 
grandfather of the late Mrs. George W. Woodward. Mr. and 
Mrs. Maxwell had two children, only one of whom survives — 
Mary O. Maxwell, wife of W. W. Lathrope, of the Lackawanna 
county bar. V. L. Maxwell died in this city January 4, 1873. 
He was at the time of his death and for seven years previous the 
treasurer and accounting warden of St. Stephen's Protestant 
Episcopal church, and for thirty-eight years had been one of its 
vestrymen. He was also a member of the standing committee 
of the diocese of central Pennsylvania, and the president of the 
Luzerne County Bible Society. 


William Wurts, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne count}', 
Pa., August 6, 1832, was born in Montville, New Jersey, Novem- 
ber 25, 1809. He was educated at Amherst College, and read 
law with his brother, John J. Wurtz, in this city. His father was 
George Wurts,. M. D., and his mother was Abagail Pettit, a 
daughter of Amos Pettit. His grandfather was John Jacob Wirtz, 
whose wife was Sarah Grandin. William Wurts married, March 
17, 1836, Lucretia Jeanette Lathrop, a daughter of Salmon La- 
throp and his wife Aurelia Noble. (See page 861.) Mr. and 
Mrs. Wurts had a family of eight children, five sons and three 
daughters — George Lathrop Wurts, Helen S. Wurts, Harriet L., 
wife of Rev. Eranklin C. Jones, Theodore F. Wurts, Eliza A. 
Wurts, William A. Wurts, Frederick H. Wurts, and George 
Albert Wurts. Mr. Wurts practiced law in this city for many 
years, but some years before his death, which occurred at Car- 
bondale, Pa., July 15, 1858, he removed to that city. 

1 170 Samuel Freeman Headlev. 


Samuel Freeman Headley, who was admitted to the bar of 
Luzerne county, Pa., April 3, 1833, was a native of Litchfield, 
Otsego county, N. Y., where he was born January 20, 1808. 
His grandfather was Isaac Headley, and his father was Sam- 
uel Headley, M. D., a native of Littleton, N. J. After the 
latter's marriage with Anna Fairchild, a daughter of Jonathan 
Fairchild, of Parsippany, N. J., he removed to Litchfield, N. Y. 
When the war of 181 2 broke out he was elected surgeon of the 
Eighteenth Regiment New York Volunteers, and served during 
the war. He afterwards removed to Berwick, Pa., where he died 
in 1838. S. F. Headley's first tutor was Rev. Mr. Kirkpatrick, of 
Milton, Pa., who prepared him for Union College, at Schenectady, 
N. Y., where he graduated with the first honors in the class of 
1 83 1. He read law with Hon. Robert C. Grier (the father of Mrs. 
Doctor Mayer, of this city), at Danville, Pa., and was admitted to 
the bar of Columbia county in 1833. For many years Mr. Head- 
ley practiced in the courts of Columbia, Luzerne, Northumber- 
land, and other adjoining counties in this state, pleading not 
only the cause of the rich client, but with equal earnestness 
that of the poor and oppressed who had nothing wherewith to 
compensate him. In 1839, 1840 and 1841 he represented Luzerne 
county in the senate of Pennsylvania, where his distinguished 
ability as a debater placed him among the leaders of the demo- 
cratic party, to which he adhered until 1856, when he became a 
republican. In 1842 he was one of the commissioners to locate 
the county seat and public buildings of Wyoming county. Mr. 
Headley, while a resident of Pennsylvania, mostly resided in 
Berwick, but had large interests in this county, where he resided 
at times. In 1847 Mr. Headley and the Messrs. Wilson, of Har- 
risburg, erected a charcoal furnace, of water power, eight feet in 
the boshes, at Shickshinny, and for several years manufactured a 
considerable quantity of superior pig iron from the Columbia 
county and Newport ores, which they mixed. The charcoal iron 
of this furnace was sought after by the owners of foundries in 

Samuel Freeman Headley. 1171 

Bradford and other counties, as being superior for stove purposes. 
In 1852 Messrs. Headley & Wilson sold this furnace to William 
Koons. He was also interested in iron works in Nescopeck town- 
ship. In 1854 he removed to Morristown, New Jersey, and 
accepted the superintendency of the Morris and Essex railroad, 
after which he was chosen assistant president and acting super- 
intendent of the New York and Erie railroad, in which position, 
as in all others, he fully demonstrated his ability and qualification 
for any position that he might accept. The strong points in his 
character were a sound judgment, extraordinary perception, 
indomitable will, and untiring industry. He despised an idler, 
and his whole life was an example of industry and application 
worthy to be imitated by the young men of our day. He died 
at Morristown July 25, 1869. He was celebrated as a temper- 
ance lecturer, and spoke very frequently for the Sabbath school, 
tract and bible causes. Mr. Headley married, November 28, 
1832, Marie Josepha Boyd, a daughter of John Boyd, of Scotch- 
Irish ancestry, who was born in Chester county February 22, 
1750. When the war for independence came he entered into the 
service, and was a member of the committee of safety in 1776. 
He was subsequently commissioned second lieutenant in the 
Twelfth Regiment of the Pennsylvania Line. He was promoted to 
be first lieutenant, and transferred to the Third Pennsylvania Regi- 
ment as captain lieutenant. Under the rearrangement of January 
1, 1781, he was retired from the service, but afterwards was ap- 
pointed captain of a company of rangers on the frontiers, and was 
an excellent partisan officer. In June, 1781, while marching his 
men across the Allegheny mountains, he fell into an ambuscade 
of Indians, near the head waters of the Raystown branch of the 
Juniata, in Bedford county, Pa., and was made a prisoner with a 
number of his soldiers, and led a captive through the wilderness 
to Canada. One of the Indian chiefs who was instrumental in 
saving Captain Boyd's life, when asked why he did not put his 
prisoner to death, raised his eyes and pointing to the heavens 
said, "The Great Spirit protects him." He was confined, during 
his continuance in Canada, on an island in the St. Lawrence near 
Montreal. In the spring of 1782 an exchange of prisoners took 
place, and he returned to Philadelphia by water with a number of 

1 1 72 Samuel Freeman Headley. 

his fellow soldiers. He was engaged in the battles of White 
Plains, Germantown, Brandywine and Stony Point, and in all 
engagements with the enemy which took place previous to 1 78 1. 
He was one of the "twenty" who composed the "forlorn hope," 
led by Anthony Wayne at Stony Point, who met within the fort. 
He was at West Point and saw the unfortunate Andre executed. 
He was one of the few surviving officers of the revolution who 
enjoyed the provisions of the act of congress of May, 1828. 
During the war he served one year as collector of the excise tax for 
Northumberland county. After the restoration of peace, in part- 
nership with Colonel William Wilson, he entered into merchan- 
dizing at the town of Northumberland and in a mill at the mouth 
of Chillisquaque creek. They manufactured large quantities of 
potash, which they shipped to Philadelphia, where it met with a 
ready sale, but the difficulties of transportation compelled them 
to relinquish this enterprise. He served as a member of the 
supreme executive council of the state from 1783 to 1786. He 
was a member of the house of representatives from 1790 to 1792, 
and a presidential elector at the second election, in 1792, and was 
one of the original members of the Pennsylvania Society of the 
Cincinnati. He was also register and recorder of Northumber- 
land county under appointment of Governor McKean. Mrs. 
Sarah Boyd, the mother of Captain Boyd, presented to the legis- 
lature of Pennsylvania a petition, which reads as follows, as 
extracted from the journal of the house of representatives : "A 
petition of Sarah Boyd, of the town of Northumberland, in the 
county of Northumberland, widow, was read, representing that, 
at an early period of life, she had the misfortune of being deprived 
of her husband, and was left to struggle with many difficulties to 
support herself and three sons, her only children ; that at the 
commencement of the present war all of her said sons took an 
early and decided part in the grand contest, and she cJieerfully 
consented to their serving their distressed country ; that her 
youngest son, William Boyd, a lieutenant in the Twelfth Penn- 
sylvania Regiment, fell in the battle of Brandywine, September 
1 1, 1777 ; that her son Thomas Boyd, after having shared in all 
the dangers and fatigues of the Canada expedition, fell a sacrifice 
to Indian barbarity in the expedition commanded by General 

Samuel Freeman Headley. 1173 

Sullivan ; and that her remaining son, John Boyd, now commands 
a company appointed for the defense of the frontiers of this state; 
and praying that she may be allowed the depreciation of the pay 
of her deceased sons, the same having been transferred to her by 
her surviving son." Captain Boyd died at Northumberland, Pa., 
February 13, 183 1. He married, May 13, 1794, at Northumber- 
land, Rebecca Bull, a daughter of John Bull, son of John Bull, who 
was born in 1730, in Providence township, now in Montgomery 
county, Pa. He was appointed captain in the provincial service 
May 12, 1758, and in June was in command at Fort Allen. The 
same year he accompanied General Forbes' expedition for the 
reduction of Fort DuQuesne, and rendered important service in 
the negotiations with the Indians. In 1771 he owned the Norris 
plantation and mill, now the borough of Norristown, Pa., and 
was residing there at the opening of the revolution. He was a 
delegate to the provincial conference of January 23, 1775, and of 
June 18, 1775, a member of the convention of July 15, 1776, that 
framed the constitution of the state, and of the Pennsylvania 
board of war, March 14, 1777. In 1775 he was appointed colonel 
of the First Pennsylvania Battalion, which he resigned January 
20, 1776, on account of bad treatment from his officers. He was 
one of the commissioners at the Indian treaty held at Easton Jan- 
uary 30, 1777; in February was in command of the works at 
Billingsport, and on July 16 was appointed adjutant general of 
the state. In October of this year his barns were burned and 
stock carried away by the enemy. In December, when General 
James Irvine was captured, General Bull succeeded to the com- 
mand of the second brigade of the Pennsylvania militia, under 
General Armstrong. He was confirmed a justice of the courts 
by the assembly August 31, 1778. In 1778 and 1779 he was 
engaged in directing the defenses for Philadelphia, and in 1780 
was commissary of purchases at that city. In 1785 he removed 
to Northumberland county, Pa., and in 1805 was elected to the 
assembly, and in 1808 was the federal candidate for congress, but 
was defeated. General Bull died at Northumberland August 9, 
1824, aged ninety-four years. His wife Mary {nee Phillips) died 
February 23, 181 1. Benjamin Rittenhouse, a brother of the cel- 
ebrated philosopher, and who was commissioned by Governor 

1 1 74 Matthew Hale Jones. 

Mifflin in 1791 as one of the associate judges of the court of 
Common Pleas of Montgomery county, was married to a daugh- 
ter of General Bull. 

Mr. and Mrs. Headley had a family of three children — I. John 
Boyd Headley, born February 22, 1834; died August 6, 1870. 
He married, September 16, 1857, Helen M. Thomas, a daughter 
of Abraham Thomas, of Wilkes-Barre, Pa. (See page 835.) He 
had two children — William Thomas Headley and Nellie Boyd 
Headley. 2. Benjamin Franklin Headley, born May 25, 1836; 
married Rose J. McGoldrick, of Morristown, N. J., who died 
December 10, 1876. He had four children — Mary Elizabeth 
Headley, Maria Josepha Headley, Benjamin Franklin Headley 
and John Boyd Headley. 3. Elizabeth Boyd Headley, born May 
19, 1842; married, first, James F. Bentley, second, Sayes J. 
Bowen. She has had four children— Charles Freeman Bentley, 
Bessie Boyd Bentley, Josepha Boyd Bentley, and Helen Louise 


Matthew Hale Jones was admitted to the Luzerne county, Pa., 
bar August 6, 1833. He was a native of Hebron, Conn., where 
he was born September 11, 181 1. He was educated at the 
Wilkes-Barre Academy and at Rutgers College, New Brunswick, 
New Jersey, graduating in the class of 1830. He read law in 
this city with Chester Butler and with his brother, Joel Jones. 
(See page 11 30.) He was admitted to the bar of Northampton 
county, Pa., August 22, 1833, where he practiced continually 
until his death, June 1, 1883. In his profession he was conspic- 
uous for his comprehensive and exact knowledge, sound judg- 
ment, and keen and sensitive conception of honor. He magnified 
his calling by assiduous attention, constant vigilance, and a 
thorough intellectual honesty which never allowed the moral 
sentiment to be obscured or perverted. Mr. Jones was the son 
of Amassa Jones, and was a brother of Judge Joel Jones, Rev. 
Joseph H. Jones, D. D., at one time principal of the Wilkes-Barre 

Luther Kidder. 1175 

Academy, and Samuel Jones, M. D., all of whom are now 
deceased. Matthew Hale Jones married, in early life, Mary 
Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Innes, of Easton, Pa. He was 
the son of Robert Innes, sr., who came to America from Scotland. 
The children of Mr. Jones are Robert Innes Jones and Matthew 
Hale Jones, attorneys at law, Easton, and Elizabeth Huntington 
Jones, the wife of Hon. William S. Kirkpatrick, of the North- 
ampton county bar, residing at Easton, Pa. 


Luther Kidder was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, Pa., 
November 5, 1833. He was the son of Luther and Phebe Kid-' 
der, and was born in Waterford, Vermont, November 19, 1808. 
Luther Kidder was a descendant of James Kidder, who was born 
at East Grinstead, in Sussex, England, in 1626. He may be con- 
sidered as the patriarch of the family and the ancestor of all who 
bear the name in this country. In what year or by what ship he 
made his advent to New England cannot now be ascertained. It 
is certain that he was at Cambridge, Mass., as early as 1649. In 
that year he married Anna Moore, daughter of Elder Francis 
Moore. In 1653 he was occupying a farm of two hundred and 
eighty-nine acres in what is now known as West Cambridge. In 
the same year the general court granted Shawshire, now Billerica, 
to Cambridge, and for several years it continued to form a part 
of that town, many of its older residents receiving grants of land 
soon after removing there. It is most likely that James Kidder 
was among the first to take up his abode in that wilderness, and it 
is quite probable he may have gone there as early as 1653. It is 
certain that he was residing there with his family in 1656, and 
this place may be considered as the home of his family for over 
one hundred years. Both he and his wife were members of the 
church in Cambridge, and when a church was organized at Bil- 
lerica they were the first to become members of it. In 1662 he 
was a juror of the court holden in Cambridge, and in the court 

1176 Luther Kidder. 

records of that year we find the following entry: "James Kidder 
is allowed to be sergeant of the military company at Billerica." 
This may be thought to be a small affair for the courts to take 
cognizance of, but the organization of the military of that day 
was a matter of the first importance, and none but men of the 
most reliable character were entrusted with any office in it. He 
afterwards rose to the rank of ensign, his name often appearing 
in the town records of Billerica, where he was appointed on vari- 
ous committees. He was also selectman for six years. In 1675, 
when King Philip's war took place, he was in the public service, 
and kept guard over the small tribe of Indians at Wameset, now 
forming part of Lowell, and soon after was appointed to the com- 
mand of a garrison house which contained seven families, including 
his own and that of his son James. He died April 16, 1676, in the 
midst of the war, aged about fifty years. John Kidder, son of James 
Kidder and Anna, his wife, was born in Cambridge about 1656. 
He moved to Chelmsford, Mass., when a young man, and in 1681 
he bought of Jonathan Tyng five hundred acres of land lying on 
the west side of Concord river, in Chelmsford, where he afterwards 
resided. He married, December 3, 1684, in Chelmsford, Lydia 
Parker, daughter of Abraham Parker and his wife, Rose Whit- 
lock, of Woburn. Thomas Kidder, son of John and Lydia Kid- 
der, was born in Chelmsford October 30, 1690. He was admitted 
to the church in Westford April 7, 1728. He married Joanna 
Keyes, at Chelmsford, December 31, 17 16. Aaron Kidder, son 
of Thomas and Joanna Kidder, was born in Chelmsford Decem- 
ber 22, 1719; died in New Ipswich, N. H., November 16, 1769. 
He went to New Ipswich about 1750. He was one of the first 
commanders of the military company, and held some other town 
offices. He died very suddenly at the age of fifty years. He 
married Rachel Bush, at Marlboro, May 19, 1749. She died in 
181 5, aged ninety years. Luther Kidder, son of Aaron and 
Rachel Kidder, was born at New Ipswich June 29, 1767; died 
at Pike, Bradford county, Pa., September 2, 1831. He married 
Phebe Church, at Windham, Conn., September 25, 1788. She 
died at Worcester October 13, 1 851, and was the daughter of 
Asa Church and Abia Pease. She was born in Stafford, Conn., 
November 1 1, 1768. 

David Wilmot. 1177 

From 1 841 to 1844 Luther Kidder was a member of the senate of 
Pennsylvania. From 1845 to 185 I he was president judge of the 
courts of Carbon, Monroe and Schuylkill counties. He married, 
October 13, 1835, in Wilkes-Barre, Martha Ann Scott, daughter 
of Judge David Scott. (See page 392.) Judge Kidder died Sep- 
tember 30, 1854. His only surviving child is Rev. Charles Hol- 
land Kidder, of Asbury Park, N. J. 


Dwight Noble Lathrop, who was admitted to the bar of Lu- 
zerne county, Pa., November 5, 1833, was a son of Salmon La- 
throp and his wife, Aurelia Noble. (See page 857.) D. N. 
Lathrop was born July 28, 181 1, at Sherburne, Chenango county, 
N. Y. He was educated at the Wilkes-Barre Academy, and 
read law with George Denison, in this city. He practiced prin- 
cipally in the city of Carbondale. He was appointed postmaster 
of that city in 1861 and held the office until 1864. From 1862 
to 1865 he was district attorney, and from 1870 to 1872 recorder 
of the mayor's court of the city of Carbondale. The wife of D. 
N. Lathrop was Harriet Ridgway, a native of White county, 111., 
and daughter of John Ridgway, who was born near Walnford, N. 
J. The wife of John Ridgway was Mary Grant, of Inverness, 
Scotland, daughter of John Grant. D. N. Lathrop died October 
8, 1887. Mr. and Mrs. Lathrop had a family of five children — 
William W. Lathrope.a member of the Lackawanna bar; Thomas 
R. Lathrope; Mary G., wife of Israel Crane; Aurelia N., wife of 
Eugene Scates ; and Harriet J. Lathrope. 


David Wilmot was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, Pa., 
August 5, 1834. He was the son of Randall Wilmot and his 
wife, a daughter of James Carr, of Canaan, Wayne county, Pa. 
David Wilmot was born in Bethany, Wayne county, Pa., January 

1 178 David Wilmot. 

20, 1 8 14. He was educated in the schools of his native town 
and at the Aurora (N. Y.) Academy. At the age of eighteen he 
removed to Wilkes-Barre and read law in the office of George W. 
Woodward. Soon after his admission to the Luzerne bar he 
removed to Towanda, Pa., where he immediately took a promi- 
nent position as a democratic politician. For several years he 
occupied a commanding position in the political affairs of the 
county, and won a wide reputation as an able and effective 
speaker. In 1844 Mr. Wilmot received the unanimous nomina- 
tion of the democracy for congress in the district composed of 
the counties of Bradford, Susquehanna and Tioga, henceforth 
known as the " Wilmot district." He was elected by a large 
majority, and took his seat at the opening of the twenty-ninth con- 
gress in 1845, where, in common with the democratic party, he 
favored the annexation of Texas. On August 4, 1846, the pres- 
ident sent to the senate a confidential message asking an appro- 
priation to negotiate a peace with Mexico. A bill was introduced 
in the house appropriating two million dollars for the purpose 
specified. It had now become so apparent that the proposition 
was intended to strengthen the pro-slavery influence in the gen- 
eral government, that, at Mr. Wilmot's suggestion, a consultation 
was held by a few of the northern representatives who were 
opposed to the extension of slavery, the result of which was the 
offering by Mr. Wilmot of the celebrated proviso which has been 
so generally known as the "Wilmot Proviso," which provided 
that in any territory acquired from Mexico "neither slavery nor 
involuntary servitude shall ever exist in any part of the territory 
except for crime," etc. This proviso was adopted in committee, 
and the two million bill containing the proviso was sent to the 
senate, where it was killed by John Davis, of Massachusetts, 
talking against time and preventing its passage. In 1846 Mr. 
Wilmot again received the unanimous nomination of his party 
for congress and was re-elected. In 1848 the question of slavery 
began to be agitated, and the free soil party was formed, which 
nominated Martin Van Buren for the presidency. Wilmot again 
received the unanimous nomination for congress, and was re- 
elected by a large majority. He was succeeded by G. A. Grow 
in 1850. On the formation of the republican party Mr. Wilmot 

David Wilmot. iiyg 

very soon espoused its principles and identified himself with the 
movement. In fact, the very measures he had proposed in con- 
gress in 1846 had no small influence in leading to its existence. 
At the republican national convention held in Philadelphia in 
1856 Mr. Wilmot was proposed as the candidate for vice presi- 
dent on the ticket with Fremont. He could have commanded 
the unanimous nomination, but was averse to it. He was chair- 
man of the committee on resolutions, and drew up the platform 
adopted by that convention. The next year, 1857, Mr. Wilmot 
was nominated for governor. He had, under the provisions of 
the amended constitution creating an elective judiciary, been 
chosen president judge of the judicial district composed of the 
counties of Bradford, Susquehanna and Sullivan in 185 1, but 
resigned the office for the purpose of entering the gubernatorial 
contest. Although defeated by William F. Packer, his speeches 
made throughout the state had awakened a deep interest 
in the principles of the republican party, and the party was 
strengthened by the canvass. In i860 Simon Cameron was 
named in the Pennsylvania republican convention as their first 
choice for president, and according to usage Mr. Cameron 
selected Mr. Wilmot as delegate at large to the Chicago conven- 
tion, of which he was made temporary chairman, and when Mr. 
Cameron's name was withdrawn, used his great influence to 
secure the nomination of Abraham Lincoln, whose confidence he 
enjoyed during his administration. The selection of General 
Cameron to be secretary of war created a vacancy in the United 
States senate, which Mr. Wilmot was elected to fill, and took 
his seat in that body March 18, 1861. He was a delegate to 
the peace convention the same year. A wide field of honor and 
usefulness seemed opened before him. But at the outset of his 
senatorial career his health began gradually to fail, until it was 
almost impossible for him to attend to the routine of his duties. 
He served two years on the committees of foreign affairs, claims 
and pensions, and was succeeded in 1863 by Charles R. Bucka- 
lew. At the conclusion of his senatorial term Mr. Wilmot was 
appointed by President Lincoln a judge of the court of claims, 
which office he held up to the time of his death, March 16, 1868. 
His wife was Ann, a daughter of Thomas W. Morgan, an old-time 

ii8o Henry Hill Wells. 

resident of Wilkes-Barre, who at one time kept the Arndt hotel, 
which stood on the ground now occupied by the residence of E. 
P. Darling, on River street. He was also proprietor of " Morgan's 
mill," on Solomon's creek, since known as "Petty's mill." Mrs. 
Wilmot died March 25, 1888. Of the Wilmot family no sons or 
daughters remain to transmit to posterity the honored name. One 
son born to the house died in boyhood, having been accidentally 
poisoned by eating the root of the wild parsnip, mistaking it for 
an edible root. 


Henry Hill Wells, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., August 4, 1835, was a descendant of Gideon Wells, 
M. D., of Cottness, near Hull, England, by his wife Mary, daugh- 
ter of Richard Partidge, of London, who was at one time agent 
of the colonies of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Rhode Island, and 
Connecticut, in London. Richard Wells, son of Dr. Wells, 
emigrated to America, and became a merchant in Philadelphia. 
He was secretary of the American philosophical society, and a 
director of the library company of Philadelphia. He was a mem- 
ber of the Pennsylvania assembly and for a long while cashier of 
the bank of North America. He died February 13, 1801. His 
wife was Rachel Hill, a daughter of Henry Hill, who was one 
of the original members of the city troop of Philadelphia, and 
was made colonel of the Fourth Pennsylvania regiment in 
1776. He took part in the convention which gave Pennsylvania 
the constitution which succeeded the proprietary government, 
and for several years served in the Pennsylvania legislature. His 
wife was Anne, daughter of Reese Meredith, and she was a sister 
of Samuel Meredith, at one time treasurer of the United States. 
William Hill Wells, son of Richard and Rachael Wells, was born 
in Philadelphia January 7, 1769. He was an attorney, but where 
and when admitted is not known. He first appeared in Dags- 
borough Hundred, Sussex county, Delaware, where he married 
Elizabeth the daughter of General John Dagsworthy. He resided 
part of the time at Dover and Georgetown and the remainder of 

Israel Dickinson. 1181 

the time at the Dagsworthy homestead, of which his wife came in 
possession. He succeeded Dr. Joshua Clayton in the United 
States senate for the state of Delaware January 18, 1799, resigned 
November 6, 1804, after which he resided in Tioga county, Pa. 
He was again elected United States senator from Delaware on May 
28, 1 8 1 3, to succeed James A. Bayard. He was a member of the 
house of representatives for Sussex County in 1794, 1795, 1796, 
1797, 1798, 1 8 10, 1 81 1, and 18 19, and in 1812 and 18 13 was a 
member of the state senate. He died March 1 1, 1829, in Dags- 
borough, and is buried in Prince George's churchyard. He was 
the father of Henry Hill Wells. While the latter resided in 
Wilkes-Barre, one son, Richard Jones Wells, was born, June 23, 
1843. Henry Hill Wells was born in Sussex county, Delaware, 
February 18, 1797, and died at Skaneateles, N. Y. He was sec- 
retary of the state of Delaware in 1823. His wife was Mary 


Pierce Butler Mallery was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., January 5, 1836. He was born in Wilkes-Barre in 
18 1 2. He read law with his father, Garrick Mallery, and prac- 
ticed for a short time in Philadelphia, but his health failed him 
and he was sent to Havana, Cuba, where he died in 1838 of con- 
sumption. (For particulars of his ancestry see page 1083). He 
entered Yale college but did not graduate. He was an unmar- 
ried man. 


Israel Dickinson was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., April 16, 1836. He was a teacher in the old Wilkes-Barre 
academy for several years. In 185 I he resided in Wheeling, W. 
Va., and in 1854 was a resident of Lafayette, Ind. The christian 
name of his wife was Lucia. 

n82 Charles Henry Silk 



Jonathan W. Parker was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., August 8, 1836. He read law with John N. Conyngham, 
and subsequently removed to Davenport, Iowa. 


Jonathan Joseph Slocum, who was admitted to the bar of Lu- 
zerne county, Pa., August 12, 1837, was a native of Wilkes- 
Rarre, Pa., where he was born January 27, 18 15. He was edu- 
cated at Dickinson college, Carlisle, Pa., and Kenyon college, 
Ohio, and read law with Ebenezer W. Sturdevant in this city, 
where he practiced up to a short time before his death. He was 
the son of Joseph Slocum, of this city. (See page 339.) He 
married, September 12, 1840, Elizabeth Cutter LeClerc. Her 
father was Joseph Philip LeClerc, and his wife Rachel Manning 
Cutter, of New York. (See sketch of Edward E. LeClerc for a 
further sketch of the LeClerc family.) Mr. Slocum removed to 
Philadelphia shortly before his death, which occurred in that city 
February 27, i860. Mr. and Mrs. Slocum had two children, 
Sallie L. Slocum, married to John B. Love, of Philadelphia, and 
Edward LeClerc Slocum, married to Emily Carpenter, also of 


Charles Henry Silkman was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., January 1, 1838. He was born in Bedford, West 
Chester county, N. Y., July 24, 1809, and came to Luzerne 
county in the spring of 1835, locating at Providence (now Scran- 
ton), Pa. He read law here and at once took an advanced posi- 

Charles Henry Silkman. 1183 

tion among the lawyers as an advocate and counsel. Daniel Ran- 
kin, E. S. M. Hill and D. R. Randall, all deceased, and David S. 
Koon, of this city, all emerged from his office at Providence as 
young lawyers of acknowledged ability and integrity. In 1845, 
1846, and 1847 tne Lackawanna valley was agitated by two excit- 
ing projects of which Silkman, by his superior qualifications 
as a ready writer and debater, was recognized as the organic 
head. One was to frustrate the Delaware and Hudson Canal 
Company from extending their gravity railroad and coal works 
down the valley below Archibald, and the other was to form a 
new county from the upper end of Luzerne, to be called Lacka- 
wanna. A weekly newspaper was started in 1845 m Providence 
by F. B. Woodward, and its columns were marked by the keen, 
incisive and not over benevolent pen wielded by Silkman in 
reference to these and other matters. The old settlers, of whom 
few are left, can never forget the repeated public meetings held 
in Hyde Park, Providence, and Cannon's tavern in Blakeley during 
these years, in which the persuasive eloquence of this gifted 
gentleman appeared to great advantage. He married for his first 
wife Lucilla S. Tripp, a daughter of Holden Tripp, whose mother 
was Martha Tuttle, a daughter of John Tuttle, whose father was 
Henry Tuttle, born in Basking Ridge. N. J., November 24, 1733. 
(See page 461.) The wife of John Tuttle was Mary, daughter 
of Thomas Bennett, of Forty Fort, who was born August 15, 
1772. (See page 630.) Mr. Silkman removed west in 1854, resid- 
ing in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, for about ten years. He afterwards 
lived in the oil regions of Pennsylvania. He then returned to 
Scranton. Some three years before his death his bright and 
active brain began to weaken. The immediate cause of his death 
was softening of the brain. Mr. Silkman was a good friend — a 
dangerous man for an enemy. His power of sarcasm was tre- 
mendous. He could annihilate a foe by giving merely a ridicu- 
lous name. Controversy was his natural element. For this he 
had distinguished powers and went into the conflict with ardor 
and delight. His energy was untiring — the blows he dealt heavy 
and frequent. He died March 8, 1877. He left two children to 
survive him by his first wife — Charles P. Silkman, of Chicago, 
111., and Martha, wife of Lemuel Curtis, also of Chicago. 

1 1 84 Frederick M. Crane. 


John Trimble Robinson, who was admitted to the bar of Lu- 
zerne county, Pa., April 4, 1838, was a descendant of William 
Robinson, of Massachusetts, who had a son Samuel Robinson, 
who had a son Rev. John Robinson, of Duxbury, Massachu- 
setts, who had a son John Robinson, who had a son Samuel 
Robinson, who had a son John' W. Robinson, of Wilkes-Barre, 
whose wife was Ann Butler, whom he married January 12, 1808, 
daughter of Zebulon Butler by his third wife, Phoebe Haight. 
The other children by this wife were Lydia Griffin and Steuben 
Butler. (See page 326.) Faith Robinson, who was a daughter 
of Rev. John Robinson, married Jonathan Trumbull and had 
among other children Mary, wife of William Williams, one of 
the signers of the declaration of independence. John W. Rob- 
inson died in Wilkes-Barre in 1840, aged sixty-two years. John 
Trimble Robinson, son of John W. Robinson and Ann But- 
ler Robinson, was born in Wilkes-Barre December 30, 18 14. He 
was educated in this city and read law with John N. Conyngham 
and Hendrick B. Wright. He died unmarried August 28, 1848. 
He was a brother-in-law of Hendrick Bradley Wright, whose 
wife was Mary Ann Bradley Robinson. 


Frederick M. Crane, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., April 4, 1838, was born in Salisbury, Connecticut, 
in 1 8 1 5. He practiced in this county, principally at Carbondale, 
until 1844, when he removed to Honesdale, Pa. In 1843 he was 
postmaster of Carbondale. In 1854 and 1862 he represented 
Wayne county in the legislature of the state. He died at Hones- 
dale January 8, 1877. 

William Jessup. 1185 


William Jessup, who was commissioned president judge of the 
eleventh judicial district of Pennsylvania April 7, 1838, succeeded 
Judge Scott. He presided here from April term, 1838,1.0 January 
term, 1841, inclusive, when an exchange was effected between 
him and Judge Conyngham, as follows : In 1839 Judge Conyng- 
ham had been commissioned president judge of the thirteenth 
district, consisting of the counties of Bradford, Susquehanna and 
Tioga. By sections five and six of the act of April 13, 1840, it 
was provided that after the first day of the next April Luzerne 
county should be attached to the thirteenth district, and Susque- 
hanna county should be attached to the eleventh district, and the 
courts of the respective counties should be presided over by their 
local judges and the president judges of the respective districts. 
Thus Luzerne county was transferred to the district presided 
over by Judge Conyngham. By virtue of this legislative exchange 
of counties Judge Conyngham continued to preside in the courts 
of Luzerne from April term, 1841, to January term, 1849, inclu- 
sive, when his commission expired, February 27, 1849. By act 
of April 5, 1849, several changes in the judicial districts were 
made, and Luzerne, together with Wyoming county, which had 
been erected out of it, was united with Susquehanna in forming 
the eleventh district, of which Judge Jessup was president judge. 
He again presided over the courts of Luzerne from April term, 
1849, until November term, 185 1, inclusive. 

William Jessup was born at Southampton, L. I., June 21, 1797, 
and graduated from Yale College in 181 5. He was a descendant of 
John Jessup, who is said to have come to Massachusetts in 1620 ; 
in 1637 he was in Hartford, Conn. ; then, before 1640, of Weth- 
ersfield, from which he was one of the first settlers of Stamford in 
1640 ; and thence, as early as 1649, of Southampton, L. I., New 
York. The cane carried by this early Puritan is now in the 
possession of ex-judge Jessup, of Montrose, Pa., his descendant. 
He had a son, John Jessup, of Oldtown, who married, June 16, 
1669, who had a son, Henry Jessup, born March 12, 1681 ; died 

1 1 86 William Jessup. 

in 1736. His wife's name' was Bethia. He had a son, Deacon 
Thomas Jessup, born February 28, 172 1, and died May 20, 1809. 
He had a son, Major Zebulon Jessup, born September 15, 1755, 
and died June 8, 1822. He married, December 6, 1780, Zerviah 
Huntting, daughter of Samuel Huntting, a merchant of South- 
ampton. They were the parents of William Jessup. Mrs. Zebulon 
Jessup died May 25, 1835. She was a descendant of Elder John 
Huntting, who resided in the east of England, probably in the 
county of Norfolk. He came to this country in August, 1638, 
and when the Rev. John Allen was ordained minister of the gos- 
pel in Denham, Mass., John Huntting was at the same time 
ordained a ruling elder of the church. He was one of the founders 
of the town of Denham. He died April 12, 1682. His wife was 
Esther Seaborn. He had a son, John Huntting, born in England, 
whose wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Payne, of Ded- 
ham. He had a son, Rev. Nathaniel Huntting, born November 
15, 1675, and died September 21, 1753. He was a graduate of 
Harvard College, and from 1696 to the time of his death the 
faithful and laborious minister in East Hampton. He had a son, 
Samuel Huntting, born 17 10, who was the father of Samuel. Hunt- 
ting, the father of Mrs. Jessup. Samuel Huntting was twice 
married, his first wife being Mary Gardiner ; his second wife, the 
mother of Mrs. Jessup, was Zerviah Rhodes. 

William Jessup removed to Montrose in 18 18, and entered the 
law office of A. H. Read. The following winter he taught the 
first term of the academy in that place. He was admitted to the 
Susquehanna county bar February 2, 1820, and at once entered 
vigorously into the profession, and success attended him. Added 
to the labors of the office were those of register of wills and 
recorder of deeds, appointments conferred upon him by Governors 
Shultze and Wolf from January, 1824, to 1833. He declined a 
reappointment in the latter year. During this period in the his- 
tory of Judge Jessup, and for the ten years ensuing, he was a man 
of note throughout northern Pennsylvania. He stood at the head 
of his profession; he was engaged in every case of importance in 
his own and the adjoining counties, and having a military turn of 
mind, he took great pride and pleasure in having his regiment, of 
which he was colonel, better drilled and disciplined than any 

William Jessup. 1 187 

other in the division. The name of Colonel Jessup was intimately 
known throughout this part of the state. He was a good judge, 
a spirited soldier, and a zealous and successful advocate. In 185 1 
Judge Jessup received the nomination of his party for the su- 
preme bench, but was not elected. After this he resumed the 
practice of his profession, and continued in it, laboring inces- 
santly, until disease laid him prostrate, and he was thus com- 
pelled to relinquish a profession which he had dignified and 
ennobled by a long life of unimpeachable integrity and an hon- 
esty of purpose. No client had cause of complaint for lack of 
industry and thorough preparation, of ability in management, or of 
personal or professional integrity ; nor could his opponent, in the 
person of party or counsel, make accusations of deception or un- 
gentlemanly practices. As a lawyer he had few equals, and very 
few superiors. Possessing a strong and a well-balanced j udgment, 
and his memory fresh and overflowing with all the leading cases, 
with a strong physical frame, he possessed all the necessary ele- 
ments for thorough preparation, and he had the power of endur- 
ance, and, coupled with this, good oratorical qualifications. The 
late Christopher L. Ward, of Towanda, and, by the way, good 
authority, says of the judge that "his style of oratory at the bar 
was perspicuous, flowing, and strongly impressive. One of his 
most brilliant forensic triumphs may be reckoned his defence of 
the Rev. Albert Barnes, of Philadelphia, upon the charge of heresy 
before the general assembly of the Presbyterian church. In his 
character or position as a judge, he was remarkable for clearness 
and readiness upon any subject within the range of the profession, 
and for a prompt and proper dispatch of business. The bar in 
both districts where he presided was admitted to be equal in 
point of character and intelligence to any other in the interior of 
the state, and with scarcely an exception Judge Jessup com- 
manded not only their respect for his learning and impartiality, 
as exhibited on the bench, but also their affection and esteem in 
the highest degree, as a man and a christian." These words, 
written many years ago, and by one who knew him well and 
intimately, are truthful and to the point. There was a peculiarity 
in one or two personal characteristics in him as a judge. No 
official entrusted with the power of a judge of the Court of Com- 

i [88 William Jessup. 

mon Pleas of this state ever held the balances with a deeper set- 
tled conviction to administer the law with purity and impartiality. 
There was no taint of bad faith ; there was not the shadow of a 
shade of it. If there was any defect in his decisions, it was be- 
cause he relied more on his own judgment than the decision 
precedent — like Scott in this particular, and very unlike Conyng- 
ham, who would follow the precedent, though in conflict with his 
own judgment. "Stare decisis" is all well enough, till some organic 
cause makes the necessity of change. And when that change 
becomes necessary, one man may do it as well as the seven. 
Judge Jessup was the one to do this. Upon the bench his unre- 
laxed features gave no clue to the working mind within. To 
counsel it is painful that he cannot read in the judicial face some 
index to the judicial mind. It could not be traced here. He 
had a way of tearing slips of paper from his notes, and' chewing 
them rapidly, when his mind was in labor, but this only showed 
mental agitation; it gave no clue to the inside work, and coun- 
sel on both sides did not know the drift of the matter till it came 
in well-measured and strong utterances to the jury. Then there 
was no mistaking the character of the legal current, and there 
was this grand and consoling reflection, and which all lawyers 
can well appreciate, as well as endorse, that a cause that ought 
to be won was never lost under his administration of the law. 
Nor was there the least flinching from putting down the record of 
the charge that would prevent a higher court from having ample 
means to know what had been done below. He was an upright 
and learned judge ; a fit compeer of his cotemporaries, Scott 
and Conyngham ; and taking the three together, without dispar- 
agement to others, they may be severally classed as brilliant 
examples of judicial life. As to his every-day life, one related to 
him by family ties has truthfully said : "In his social and religious 
life he won the affection of the good and upright. His religious 
convictions were deep, and gave a charm to his intercourse with 
his fellow-men. He was affable and courteous in his bearing to 
the humblest of his acquaintances." The temperance movement, 
the interests of the oppressed, the cause of education, and the 
advancement of agriculture, received his early and continued 
hearty cooperation. He joined the Presbyterian church of Mont- 

William Jessup. 1189 

rose September 3, 1826, and was ordained a ruling elder of the 
same August 2, 1829. He was widely known and highly hon- 
ored throughout the Presbyterian church, but nowhere did his 
christian character shine with greater lustre than among those 
who knew him best. He became vice president of the A. B. C. 
F. M., and cheerfully gave up two sons as foreign missionaries — 
Rev. Henry Harris Jessup, D. D., and Rev. Samuel Jessup, who 
have long been connected with American missions in Syria. In 
early life Judge Jessup was a democrat. In the conflict between 
Jackson and Adams he took sides with Henry Clay and remained 
a whig. When that party assumed the name of Republican he 
went there. On the breaking out of the late civil war he was 
appointed by the governor of this state on a committee, in con- 
junction with a committee appointed on the part of Ohio and 
New York, to assure President Lincoln of the support of the 
people in suppressing it. This was the last of his official acts. 
Not long after this he was attacked by paralysis, from which he 
never recovered. He died at Montrose September 11, 1868. 
He married, July 4, 1820, Amanda Harris, of Southampton. 
She was a descendant of George Harris, who is first mentioned 
in the list of 1657 with the residents of North Sea, Southampton, 
L. I. He had a son George, who had a son Henry, who had a son 
Henry, whose daughter Amanda married William Jessup. Mr. and 
Mrs. Jessup left a family of ten children — Jane R., now deceased, 
wife of Colonel J. B. Salisbury, of New York ; Mary S., wife of 
F. B. Chandler, of Montrose ; Harriet A., wife of Isaac L. Post, of 
Scranton ; William H. Jessup, of Montrose (W. H. Jessup is a 
member of the law firm of Jessups & Hand, of Scranton, consist- 
ing of himself, his son, W. H. Jessup, Jr., and Horace E. Hand, 
his nephew. He also practices in Montrose in connection with 
his brother, Huntting C. Jessup. In 1878 W. H. Jessup was ap- 
pointed president judge of Susquehanna county, to succeed F. B. 
Streeter, deceased. In the election following Judge Jessup was 
the republican candidate, but was defeated by J. B. McCollum, 
democrat and greenback candidate.) Rev. Henry H. Jessup, D. D., 
a missionary at Beirut, Syria, since 1856; Rev. Samuel Jessup, 
a missionary at Beirut since 1862; Fanny M. Jessup, of Mont- 
rose ; George A. Jessup, of Scranton ; Phcebe A., wife of Alfred 

iigo • George H. Wells. 

Hand, of Scranton (she is now deceased); Huntting C. Jessup, of 
Montrose, a law partner of W. H. Jessup. W. H. Jessup, Rev. 
Henry H. Jessup and Huntting C. Jessup are graduates of Yale 
college. Rev. Samuel Jessup entered Yale, but left before grad- 
uation ; he received the degree of M. A. with his class. 


Harrison Wright was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., November 6, 1838. (For a sketch of his life and family see 
article headed Harrison Wright). 


Cyrenus M. Smith was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., August 6, 1839. His wife was Eliza Gay, daughter of Fisher 
Gay, of Wyoming, Pa. He left four children — one son and three 



George H. Wells was admitted to the Luzerne county, Pa., 
bar January 6, 1840. He subsequently removed to Susquehanna 
county, Pa., and represented that county in the legislature of the 
state in 1863 and 1864. 

Charles Denison. 1191 


William E. Little was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., August 4, 1840. He was a native of Delaware county, N. 
Y., where he was born in 1818. He read law with Andrew T. 
McClintock, in this city. He removed from W T ilkes-Barre to 
Joliet, 111., where he practiced until his death, a few years since. 


Charles Denison, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., August 13, 1840, was a grandson of Colonel Nathan 
Denison. (See page 1088. ) Lazarus Denison, son of Colonel 
Denison, was born in Kingston, Pa., December 5, 1773, and died 
there March 15, 1841. He is said to be the first white child born 
in Wyoming. His wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Hon. Benja- 
min Carpenter, whom he married February 14, 1802. (Seepage 
1047.) Charles Denison, son of Lazarus Denison, was born in 
Kingston January 23, 1816. He was educated at Dickinson col- 
lege, Carlisle, Pa., from which he graduated in the class of 1838. 
He read law in this city with George W. Woodward. He was 
in- continual practice in Wilkes- Barre from the time of his admis- 
sion until 1863. From the latter year until his death, June 27, 
1867, he represented this county in the congress of the United 
States. He married, May 7, 1845, Ellen E. Hulings, of Nor- 
folk, Va. In the proceedings of the United States senate, when 
Mr. Denison's death was communicated, Hon. Charles R. Buck- 
alew said : 

"He was able to concentrate upon himself a large measure of 
popular favor, and possessed some marked qualities of mind and 
character for commanding it. His will was firm ; his industry 
constant ; his temper steady, though sometimes pronounced, and 
his courage unquestionable. He was of the men who pursue an 

1 192 Charles Denison. 

object in private life with perseverance and zeal, and who, when 
placed in public stations, do not bend before the pressure of the 
times. But tenacity of purpose, resolute courage, and fidelity to 
conviction, important as they are to success in such a career as 
his, are not alone sufficient to secure it. He possessed, in addi- 
tion, a sound judgment, a sense and love of humor, and fidelity 
to associates and friends. Hence he was able more perfectly to 
combine the elements of success as a professional and public 
man ; to win and hold and use the confidence and attachment of 
client and voter. 

"Mr. Denison's political convictions were extremely ardent and 
uncompromising. What he said in the house of representatives, 
and his votes there, mark this trait of his character distinctly. 
It was never doubted that his political convictions were sincere, 
and he always gave them unflinching support." 

General Simon Cameron said in the same proceedings : 

"I knew Mr. Denison very slightly. I knew his family well. 
He was born in the far-famed valley of Wyoming, perhaps the 
most beautiful part of Pennsylvania, if it is not of the United 
States. That valley was settled by some of the most intelligent 
people who came into Pennsylvania ; certainly by the most heroic 
and gallant and patriotic men that ever lived in any portion of 
this country. The earlier settlers were from New England. 
They came there at an early day ; they came when the bounda- 
ries of the state were not sufficiently known, and remained there 
a long time before their titles were properly settled. During the 
revolution the settlers were active in support of the cause of the 
country. After the revolution they were harassed by such 
troubles as the people of no other part of Pennsylvania were 
subjected to. They had great trouble about their titles, and they 
had to contend with a lon<j series of Indian invasions and massa- 
cres of the most cruel kind. On one occasion nearly all the 
people had taken refuge in a block house, but were by some 
means surrounded and destroyed. In after years George Deni- 
son, the uncle of this gentleman, served several years in congress, 
and after having been in congress he served in our state legisla- 
ture. He was a man known to everybody in Pennsylvania for 
his very high order of talents and for his very great integrity. 
No public man has ever lived in Pennsylvania who has made 
such a record for these two great qualities as George Denison, 
and no man, public or private, in his day did more by his servi- 
ces in the legislature to develop the region which gave him birth. 

"The people of that valley, from their earliest history, paid more 
attention to the cultivation of their intellects and their manners 

Charles Denison. i 193 

than any other portion of our people. The first schools of any 
importance established in the state were in the valley of Wyom- 
ing ; and in consequence of this the immediate descendants of 
the earlier settlers were people of culture, far advanced above 
other portions of our people. It is, besides, a section of country 
most highly favored by nature. The valley itself, in its agricul- 
tural luxuriance, is equal to any part of the far-famed valley of 
the Mississippi. Every rood of it is cultivatable soil, and below 
the surface the earth abounds in as fine mineral coal as can be 
found in any other part of the world. There is no equal amount 
of territory so rich in soil and minerals as the valley of Wyom- 
ing. It was there that Mr. Denison was born, and there lived 
and died his ancestors. It was there that his associations were 
made. He could, therefore, hardly fail to have been a man of 
marked ability and marked culture. 

"He and I did not agree in political sentiment, but his uncle and 
mvself did. I have always believed him to be not only a man 
of talent and culture, but a man of entire honesty and of the 
most pure life and high-toned sentiments. I knew, also, very 
well the family from which his wife sprang. They, also, were 
people who took part in the revolution and all the struggles of 
this country ; but they resided in a different part of the state. I 
offer to his wife and children my most sincere sympathy for the 
loss of their husband and father." 

In the house of representatives of the United States Hon. S. J. 
Randall said : 

"It was my privilege to be his associate in the thirty-eighth and 
thirty-ninth congresses, and he was also present at the first ses- 
sion of the present congress in March. 

"An acquaintance and association with him soon ripened into a 
regard and friendship, for I was not long in finding out his noble 
traits of character. 

"As a legislator he was able, intelligent, and pure ; as a citizen, 
of patriotic motives and unyielding and unbending purpose and 
intent; as a friend he was true; as husband and father he was 
affectionate and was beloved. In a word, he was a good man ; so 
lived and so died. 

"In the public councils he commanded unbounded respect, and 
at his home his three elections to this house indicate in what 
esteem he was held. His example should not be without its 
lesson. A public man who can yield this life with such a name 
to live after him as Charles Denison may indeed be imitated." 

Mrs. Denison died in this city in 1882. Mr. and Mrs. Deni- 
son left a family of four children — Charles Denison, of New York ; 

ii94 Edward Emmelius Le Clerc. 

Elizabeth Brett, wife of the late George Henry Brett, Isle of 
Wight, England ; Maria Denison, Isle of Wight ; and Mary, 
wife of Richard Winslow, formerly of Cleveland, Ohio, now resid- 
ing in France. 


Edward Emmelius Le Clerc, who was admitted to the bar of 
Luzerne county, Pa., November 3, 1840, was a native of Philadel- 
phia, Pa., where he was born August 19, 1 819. He was the 
eldest son of Joseph Philip Le Clerc and Rachel Manning Cut- 
ter, of New York. J. P. Le Clerc was postmaster of the borough 
of Wilkes-Barre from 1843 to 1845. His grandfather was Joseph 
P. Le Clerc, a native of France. He was a brother of General 
Le Clerc, who married Pauline Bonaparte. His father was pres- 
ident of Metz under the first empire. The family residence of the 
father of E. E. Le Clerc was at the northeast corner of Union 
and Franklin streets. After graduating from Dickinson college 
he studied law in this city with his brother-in-law, Jonathan J. 
Slocum. Soon after his admission to the bar war was declared 
against Mexico, and in a short time thereafter two regiments of 
volunteers were called for as Pennsylvania's quota for the con- 
quest of our sister republic. The Wilkes-Barre company, under 
Captain Dana, at once offered its service, and was accepted. Le 
Clerc was anxious to join the army under General Scott, and 
being offered the position of lieutenant in a company being en- 
listed in Columbia county, entered the service and participated in 
nearly every engagement from the taking of Vera Cruz to the 
final assault on Chapultapec and the national capital. He was 
also an honorary aid to General Scott. He returned with the 
soldiers when the war was over, but broken in health, and, pos- 
sessing but a delicate constitution, did not long survive the many 
hardships he had endured while in the service. He died at Mount 
Airy, Philadelphia, August 11, 1847. He was an unmarried 
man. He was a poet of considerable ability, and many of his 
fugitive pieces have been going around the press for many years. 

Morrison Elijah Jackson. 1195 


Amzi Wilson was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, Pa., 
November 7, 1840. He was a native of Pittston, where he was 
born December 17, 1795. He was a son of Isaac Wilson and 
grandson of Joseph Wilson. (See page 914.) He resided in 
Carbondale, Pa., the greater part of his life. In 1837 he was one 
of the school directors of Carbondale. In 1832 he established 
the Northern Pennsylvanian newspaper in Dundaff, Pa., and in 
December of the same year removed the establishment to Car- 
bondale. His was the first newspaper published in that city. 
In 1837 he sold the paper to William Bolton. He was an alder- 
man of the city of Carbondale for many years. He married, July 
3, 1827, Lena Wetherly ; on February 5, 1837, Esther Wetherly. 
They were the daughters of Nathaniel Wetherly and his wife, 
Susanna Hubbard, of Scott township, Luzerne (now Lackawanna) 
county. On April 24, 1850 he married his third wife, Louisa Ayres, 
of Carbondale. Eight children survived Mr. Wilson — Julian N., 
Roderick, Henrietta, Josephine, Flora, wife of George H. Squier; 
Roscoe, Jarvis K., and Angie L., wife of William Geary. Mr. 
Wilson died in Carbondale May 27, 1872. 


Morrison Elijah Jackson, who was admitted to the bar of Lu- 
zerne county, Pa., January 5, 1841, was a native of Berwick, Pa., 
where he was born February 10, 18 17. The father of M. E. 
Jackson was Joel C. Jackson, who was born February 4, 
1796, at Goshen, N. Y. The name of his wife was Eliza- 
beth Doane, a daughter of Benjamin Doane, of Chester coun- 
ty, Pa., who emigrated to Columbia county in the latter part 
of the last century, settled at Berwick, and followed his 
trade, that of a tailor, until his death in 1845. M. E. Jackson 
was educated in the schools of his native place, and read law with 

iig6 Morrison Elijah Jackson. 

Judge Cooper, at Danville, Pa., then the county seat of Columbia 
county, where he was admitted to the bar November 16, 1840. 
In 1852 he represented Columbia and Montour in the house of 
representatives at Harrisburg. After Mr. Jackson's admission to 
the bar he opened his office in Berwick, where he was in contin- 
uous practice until his death, appearing as occasion required 
before the several courts in Columbia, Luzerne, Montour, Sulli- 
van, Wyoming, Carbon and Schuylkill counties, also before the 
district and circuit courts of the United States for the western 
district, and the Supreme Court of the state. He was at the time 
of his death the senior member of the bar of Columbia county 
and president of the bar association. He was a successful prac- 
titioner, and held deservedly high place among his associates. In 
politics he belonged to the democratic party, and was an active 
member of the organization in Columbia county, assisting in the 
yearly canvass with the force and effect that a positive man 
always exerts. His influence was also strong in its bearing on 
the borough government, and as a member of the council he 
served a number of terms to the advantage alike of the corpora- 
tion and the taxpayers. In a business way he was a man pos- 
sessed of more than ordinary good judgment, and amassed a large 
property. He was a director of the First National bank from its 
inception, being a considerable stockholder therein and the attor- 
ney thereof. He was a trustee in behalf of the state of the normal 
school at Bloomsburg. He stood well up in the masonic fraternity 
as a member of the Berwick lodge. He was a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal church for twenty-seven years, and was a 
class leader therein a number of years. The following named 
persons had been at one time and another students in his office : 
Hon. C. R. Buckalew, Hon. Aaron J. Dietrick, Silas Buzzard, 
Alfred Hall, Hon. A. H. Dill, W. A. Peck, L. T. Thompson, Mil- 
ton Stiles, C. B. Jackson. Mr. Jackson married, July 4, 1843, 
Anne S. Gilmore, a daughter of Stephen Gilmore, born in Ireland 
in 1 794, and Jane Gilmore, (nee Doane). They had a family of two 
children — Charles B. Jackson, who was admitted to the bar of 
Luzerne county October 18, 1875, and Anne G. Jackson, who 
married Andrew K. Oswald, who was admitted to the bar of Lu- 
zerne county November 29, 1881. Mr. Jackson was never a resi- 

Horatio W. Nicholson. 1197 

dent of our county, but living near the line in Columbia county, 
we have seen fit to name him as one of our lawyers. As a mat- 
ter of fact he did more business in our county than he did in 
Columbia county. He died at Berwick, July 23, 1879. 


John I. Allen was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, Pa., 
January 6, 1 841. He established at Carbondale, Pa., January 1, 
1855, the Democratic Standard and Knozv Nothing Expositor, which 
was continued until September 17 following, when the building 
in which it was printed, together with about twenty others, was 
burned, and the paper was never reestablished. He also at one 
time owned and conducted the Wayne County Herald, at Hones- 
dale, Pa. He was drowned in the canal at Honesdale. He had 
a son, George Allen, who became a lawyer, but is now deceased. 


William Champion Reynolds was commissioned an associate 
judge of Luzerne county, Pa., March 15, 1841, succeeding Wil- 
liam S. Ross in that position. (For a sketch of Mr. Reynold's 
life see page 778). 


Horatio W. Nicholson, who was admitted to the bar of Lu- 
zerne county, Pa., April 6, 1841, was a descendant of Ambrose 
Nicholson and his wife, Margaret Hill, of Glastonbury, Connec- 
ticut, who were married June 13, 1756. Francis Nicholson, eld- 

1 198 Lyman Hakes. 

est son of Ambrose Nicholson, was born in Glastonbury April 
13, 1758. His wife was Rachel Loveland, daughter of David 
Loveland, of Glastonbury, whom he married February 7, 1781. 
Francis Nicholson served in the war of the revolution, and about 
the end of the last century removed to what is now Hamlinton, 
in Wayne county, Pa. He died soon after. Zenas Nicholson, 
son of Francis Nicholson, was born in Glastonbury November 
21, 1795. His first wife, the mother of H. W. Nicholson, was 
Mary, daughter of George Goodrich, who was the son of Seth 
Goodrich, who came from Connecticut. (See page 123.) Hora- 
tio W. Nicholson was born at Salem Corners, now Hamlinton, 
Pa., December 4, 18 17. He was educated at Harford academy, 
Susquehanna county, Pa., and read law with Luther Kidder in 
this city. He practiced here for some years and then removed 
to Waverly, Pa., where he died June 16, 1855. He married, 
March 4, 1838, Rhoda Stone. She was the daughter of John 
Stone, who removed to Abington, Luzerne (now Lackawanna) 
county, in 18 10 from Rhode Island. She subsequently married 
Lathan Jones, M. D. Mr. and Mrs. Nicholson had a family of 
two children — Oscar E. Nicholson and George S. Nicholson. The 
latter is still living. Oscar F. Nicholson, of this city, and J. 
Milton Nicholson, of Kingston, are half brothers of Horatio 
W. Nicholson. 


Lyman Hakes was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, Pa., 
April 6, 1 841. He was a descendant of Solomon Hakes, who 
was of Westerly, Rhode Island, in 1709. The records of the 
town meeting held in April, 1709, show that Solomon Hakes and 
some others were proposed to be made freemen, and at the next 
meeting Solomon was admitted a 'freeman and was allotted one 
hundred acres of the vacant land. The next year he removed to 
Stonington, Connecticut. The wife of Solomon Hakes was 
Anna Billings, granddaughter of William Billings, who came 

Lyman Hakes. i 199 

from England in 1640 and settled in Stonington. Her father was 
Ebenezer Billings, whose wife was Anna Comstock. Solomon 
Hakes had a son George Hakes. George S. Hakes, son of George 
Hakes, was born January 27, 175 1, in Stonington. He left Ston- 
ington and from 1770 to 1793 was settled in Berkshire county, 
Massachusetts. He removed from Berkshire to Herkimer county, 
N. Y., in 1793, and died about 1826 at Salisbury, Herkimer 
county. He married Zurvia Church, a descendant of Captain 
Church, in 1774. His occupation was that of a farmer. Lyman 
Hakes, son of George S. Hakes, was born at Hancock, Berk- 
shire county, Massachusetts, May 26, 1788. He married his first 
wife, Nancy Dayton, of Watertown, Litchfield county, Connecti- 
cut, at Harpersfield, Delaware county, N. Y., where she was 
engaged in teaching school, September 22, 181 3. She died in 
1850, after raising a family of eight children. He married for 
his second wife Delinda Osborne. He was for several years sup- 
ervisor of Harpersfield, and took an active part in building up 
schools and establishing useful libraries, and was of much value 
to young men in their debating societies. He was the leading 
spirit in favor of good roads and in the construction of a turn- 
pike through Delaware and Schoharie counties about 1836. In 
1 84 1 he was commissioned by Governor Seward a judge of the 
courts of Delaware county. It was during his term that the anti- 
rent insurrection broke out, making much business for the courts. 
In the war of 18 12 he was drafted into the military service and 
was stationed at New York. In those days bounties were un- 
known. Each man had to provide his own weapon and accou- 
trements. He was honorably discharged and started home with- 
out a shilling. About 1870 he was awarded a pension of one 
hundred dollars a year, every dollar of which he gave away as 
soon as he received it. He died at Harpersfield July 14, 1873. 
His sister Hannah was the grandmother of Hon. Charles E. 
Rice, now president judge of Luzerne county. Lyman Hakes, 
son of Lyman Hakes, was born at Harpersfield, N. Y., March 
23, 1 8 16. He came to Pennsylvania in 1837, and for some time 
taught school at Berwick, Columbia county, Pa. While thus 
engaged he commenced the study of law under the tuition of the 
late Hon. S. F. Headley. In 1839 ne c anie to Wilkes-Barre and 

i2oo Lyman Hake?. 

continued his legal studies under William Wurtz. Very early 
in his career Mr. Hakes gave evidence of his power as a criminal 
lawyer, which afterwards distinguished him. He had to con- 
tend against able men and powerful orators, who did little to help 
the struggling young attorney ; but opposition only developed 
the powers of his mind, and his strength of will overcame every 
obstacle, until he stood the peer of the brightest, if not, indeed, 
peerless at the Luzerne bar. He was not a brilliant orator, but 
he had a mathematical mind, capable of condensing facts and pre- 
senting them to a jury in a most convincing manner. He excelled 
in clearness of statement and was always powerful before a jury. 
In the earlier years of his practice Mr. Hakes was a close student 
and was almost as successful in civil as in criminal cases, but in his 
later years his practice was principally criminal and books were 
in a great measure neglected. But even up to the last he was no 
mean antagonist in any case. In the midst of a large practice at 
the bar he found time to keep up with the current scientific liter- 
ature of the day, and was greatly interested in all scientific dis- 
coveries. He had almost a passion for machinery and when 
riding on a railroad almost invariably took a position on the loco- 
motive. In appreciation of this trait of his character the Lacka- 
wanna and Bloomsburg railroad company named one of their 
locomotives the "Lyman Hakes." Among the students of the 
deceased are to be found some of our most promising lawyers. 
The intercourse between Mr. Hakes and the young gentlemen 
who studied under him, of which we can truthfully testify, was 
ever of the most agreeable kind. So likewise the indulgence he 
manifested towards the younger members of the bar. He was 
not envious of any other's success but rather preferred giving aid 
to its further advancement. 

While it is not possible in a notice such as this to comment on- 
all that is worthy of remark, there is, nevertheless, a trait per- 
taining to legal ethics wherein this practitioner was always the 
most scrupulous. He stood steadfastly by his word. His fellow- 
attorney need not ask under his signature for the evidence of any 
agreement pertaining to any matter to come before court on trial. 
His word was sufficient. What he verbally agreed to do was 
with him a matter of professional pride to consummate. 

Henry Mills Fuller. 1201 

In his private life Mr. Hakes had many admirers, and this not 
without cause. He was a true and faithful friend ; in the capacity 
of a neighbor, justly noted. There were few men more ready to 
serve, to aid, to counsel. His generosity was noble and exalted. 
Perhaps the highest meed of praise that man can bestow upon 
man is that due to charity. And all who knew Mr Hakes freely 
accord to him the exercise of this heaven-born virtue. The last 
dime in the purse was never refused to the cry of the needy. If 
he did not always give with discrimination, he gave liberally ; 
and whatever were his faults, there are many whom he befriended 
who sincerely mourned his loss. 

In the estimation of human character we are accustomed to 
place most confidence in the evidence of those most qualified, 
from closest intimacy, to judge. And it is in this case well worthy 
of notice that all nearest allied to this man, in professional, social 
and domestic life, bear the same testimony to his many virtues, 
and most keenly feel the providence which has summoned him 
from amongst us. 

We knew Mr. Hakes well. As a student in his office, for a 

while a member of his family, by our intercourse with him, we 

learned not only to respect him, but to love him, and we here 

drop a tear to his memory. 

" And the night dew that tails, though in silence it weeps, 
Shall brighten with verdure the grave where he sleeps." 

Mr. Hakes was twice married. His first wife, whom he mar- 
ried in 185 1, was Elizabeth J. Baldwin, of this city. She was the 
daughter of Jared R. Baldwin, who was clerk of the board of 
commissioners of Luzerne county from 1845 to 1850. His sec- 
ond wife, whom he married in 1868, was Margaret D. Cowley, of 
Pittsburg. He left no children by either wife. Mr. Hakes died 
in this city December 8, 1873. He was a brother of Hon. 
Harry Hakes of this city. (See page 134). 


Henry Mills Fuller was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., January 3, 1842. (For a sketch of his life see page 586.) 

1202 Ziba Bennett. 


Ziba Bennett was commissioned an associate judge of Luzerne 
county, Pa., February, 21, 1842. He was a native of Weston, 
Connecticut, where he was born November 10, 1800. His grand- 
father, Thaddeus Bennett and Mary Piatt, were married at Wes- 
ton April 15, 176L Piatt Bennett, son of Thaddeus Bennett, 
was born at Weston July 28, 1770. His wife was Martha 
Wheeler. While quite young Mr. Bennett's father removed 
from his native state to West Chester county, N. Y., whence, 
after a brief stay, he removed to Newtown (now Elmira), 
N. Y. Young Mr Bennett's educational advantages were sim- 
ilar to those generally enjoyed by boys in the beginning of the 
present century, but, notwithstanding their limited nature, he 
profited by them far more than the average of his fellows. His 
superior intelligence, excellent moral character and good manners 
made him noticeable even when a mere boy, and particularly 
attracted the attention of the late Judge Hollenback, who had at 
that time a branch store at Newtown. Judge Hollenback easily 
persuaded Mr. Bennett's father that the boy was better adapted 
to a mercantile career than to farming, and shortly after entering 
his "teens" Mr. Bennett was given the position of junior clerk 
in Judge Hollenback's branch store. In 18 15 he was transferred 
to the main store at Wilkes-Barre, and immediately entered upon 
his duties in the store on South Main street. He proved a val- 
uable acquisition in every way, being apt, obliging and conscien- 
tious, and besides becoming a prime favorite with the general 
public, so impressed his employer that he was rapidly advanced 
from the position of a subordinate to that of chief clerk of the 
establishment. In 1821 Judge Hollenback admitted his son, 
George M. Hollenback, to partnership, and the business was 
removed to new quarters at the corner of River and Market 
streets, where John Welles Hollenback's building is in process 
of erection. In 1822 Mr. Bennett became the partner of George 
M. Hollenback, and their business relations were maintained un- 
til 1826, when Mr. Bennett purchased the property of Stephen 

Ziba Bennett. 1203 

Tuttle, on North Main street, and branched out for himself as a 
merchant. By close application to business and carefulness in 
its management he speedily placed his venture on a sound foot- 
ing, and although at an age when few men have even fully 
decided what to do for a living, he took his place among the 
leading business men of the community. He continued thus en- 
gaged up to the time of his death, when he was at the head 
of the hardware house of Z. Bennett & Co., and the oldest 
merchant in Luzerne county. Mr. Bennett's perceptions were 
unusually clear, and his judgment always sound, and in spite of 
the fact that he was one of the most cautious of men, readily dis- 
cerned the avenues to wealth, and so boldly entered them that 
he succeeded in amassing a large fortune. It has been said of 
him that he was one of the most popular, successful and upright 
merchants that ever graced the mercantile circles of the Wyoming 
valley. During the years 1833 and 1834 he was a member of 
the legislature of the state. Being elected to the office, he dis- 
charged his duties with the same fidelity to the interest of 
his constituents and of the state as he exercised in the man- 
agement of his commercial affairs. The last named year the 
bill for common schools passed both branches of the legis- 
lature. Mr. Bennett took a very active interest in the mat- 
ter, and as his name was the first in the alphabetical list of mem- 
bers of the house, his was the first vote given to the bill. The 
act of 1834 inaugurated a new era in education in this state. From 
that time forward steady progress has been made. At times it 
was slow and to many imperceptible, but public sentiment was 
never stagnant and legislation never went backward. With this 
law the foundation of the system of common schools now in vogue 
was laid. It provided that a tax should be levied on all the tax- 
able property and inhabitants; that townships, boroughs and 
wards should be school districts, and that schools should be 
maintained at public expense. The establishment and supervis- 
ion of schools in each district were entrusted to a board of six 
school directors to be chosen by the legal voters. The people 
in each township were allowed to determine by an election 
whether the new school system should be adopted or rejected, 
and an election upon this question might be held once in three 

1204 Ziba Bennett. 

years. The secretary of the commonwealth was made superin- 
tendent of public schools, and the legislature was authorized to 
appropriate funds annually from the state treasury in aid of the 
work of education. Mr. Bennett was a member of the reform 
convention which met at Harrisburg, Pa., January 8, 1834. His 
associates from this county were Luther Kidder, Albert G. Broad- 
head and Ovid F. Johnson. This convention was preparatory to 
the constitutional convention of 1838. They recommended the 
following amendments to the constitution : "The abolition of all 
offices for life ; the meeting of the legislature on the first Monday 
in January ; members of the senate to be elected for two or three 
years only; the enjoyment and security of the right of universal 
suffrage; the judges of the Supreme Court and judges of the Court 
of Common Pleas to be appointed by the governor, and the appoint- 
ment to be sanctioned by the senate, or to be elected by joint bal- 
lots of both houses, in either case for a term of five or seven years ; 
associate judges, justices of the peace, prothonotaries, registers and 
recorders and county treasurers to be elected by the people for a 
term of years; all executive and judicial officers who shall be 
appointed by the governor to have their appointments sanctioned 
by the senate ; the election of a lieutenant governor, to preside 
in the senate, and to act as chief magistrate in case of the death, 
refusal to act, removal or impeachment of the governor; the term 
of continued eligibility to the office of governor to be reduced or 
shortened ; a provision for future amendments of the constitu- 
tion, and a restriction of the pardoning power of the governor." 
Mr. Bennett had no taste for politics, and when his term had ex- 
pired he set his face against renomination, and also declined 
every subsequent invitation to enter the political arena, including 
several offers of a nomination to congress. Although not caring 
for public honors, and avoiding prominence so far as lay in his 
power, he was by no means indifferent to public affairs ; on the 
contrary, he was unselfishly interested in every question that 
concerned the people, and while not caring to appear at the front 
in dealing with them, he was not infrequently active in determin- 
ing them one way or the other. Judge Bennett possessed the 
public confidence to a degree seldom exceeded. Every trust 
confided to him was administered with religious exactitude and 

Ziba Bennett. 1205 

never with an eye to his personal advantage. His careful and 
methodical business habits were carried into his public life with 
the happiest effect upon the affairs transacted. During his re- 
markably long and successful business career Mr. Bennett was 
identified with many enterprises in the Wyoming valley. He 
was one of the founders of the Wyoming bank, an institution 
which owes its prosperity and unblemished record largely to his 
personal supervision of its affairs. Of this institution he was a 
director from its organization in 1829 until his death, and its pres- 
ident for nearly ten years. He was also for some years president 
of the Wilkes- Barre Bridge Company and of the Hollenback 
Cemetery Association. He was an incorporator of the Wilkes- 
Barre Gas Company, the Wilkes-Barre Water Company, Miners' 
Savings Bank of Wilkes-Barre, of the Home for Friendless Chil- 
dren, and other associations. In 1862 he founded and became 
the senior member of the banking house of Bennett, Phelps & Co., 
of Wilkes-Barre, his associates being John C. Phelps, his son-in- 
law, and George S. Bennett, his son. Of this banking firm he 
remained the head until his death. Mr. Bennett became a pro- 
fessing member of the Methodist Episcopal church at the age of 
twenty-one, and immediately proceeded to identify himself with 
its work. For over half a century he was a useful and prominen 
officer in the church. As a young man he was chorister, 
large part of his labors at a later period were in connection wit 
the First Methodist Episcopal Sabbath school, which he suc- 
ceeded in making one of the most flourishing in Wilkes-Barre. 
His zeal in religious work was unflagging, and as Sabbath school 
superintendent, steward and trustee of the First Methodist Epis- 
copal church, he was able to give it free rein. He was truly a 
religious man, and it is not too much to say that his whole 
life was sweetened, ennobled and rounded out by his sin- 
cere Christianity. He donated the land on Franklin street upon 
which the First Methodist Episcopal church is erected. He was 
in active sympathy with all reforms, and was particularly inter- 
ested in the cause of temperance, which he believed to be a 
starting point toward the higher moral state. He was one of the 
originators of the first organized movement against intemperance 
in Luzerne county, and lived to see many beneficial results follow 

i2o6 Ziba Bennett. 

its inauguration. In 1872 he was elected by the layman's con- 
vention to the general conference of the Methodist Episcopal 
church, held at Brooklyn, N. Y., and was thus one of the first 
lay delegates to that body from the Wyoming conference. His 
connection with the church established in the early days of Meth- 
odism in the Wyoming valley was lovingly maintained till the 
closing hours of his life. He gave liberally of his ample fortune 
to sustain religious and charitable work, and not the least worthy 
of his kind deeds was his unfailing hospitality to all engaged in 
christian work. He assisted in founding the Luzerne County 
Bible Society, was a liberal contributor to its funds, and was for 
twenty-six years its treasurer. As early as 1828 he was its re- 
cording secretary. In the work of public education he was 
warmly interested, and in order to bring the advantages of higher 
education closer to the people with whom his lot was cast, he 
aided in establishing the Wyoming Seminary at Kingston, was 
one of its trustees for many years, and founded its ample and 
extensive library, which was named in his honor. He held other 
positions of honor and trust besides those named, and in all was 
able, prudent and faithful in the discharge of the duties devolving 
upon him. He was treasurer of the borough of Wilkes-Barre in 
1824 and 1825, and a member of the town council in 1828, 1829, 
1849 an d 1850. One of his marked characteristics was his kind, 
conciliatory disposition. He resolutely avoided all wrangling 
and contention, and never took part in or countenanced disputes 
on any subject. The wealth he acquired was obtained honestly, 
and was used generously to promote the welfare of humanity. 
This old, widely known and greatly esteemed citizen died No- 
vember 4, 1878, to the great regret of the people of this city. Mr. 
Bennett was twice married. His first wife, whom he married 
November 25, 1825, was Hannah Fell Slocum, the eldest daugh- 
ter of Joseph Slocum. (See page 339.) This most estimable 
christian lady died February 5, 1855, leaving behind a precious 
memory, fragrant of noble virtues and good deeds. Their two 
surviving children are: 

I. George Slocum Bennett, born August 17, 1842, in Wilkes- 
Barre, Pa. (I>. II. K.\ A. B., Wesleyan University, 1864; A. M., 
1867. Commencement orator. 1864, with his father in banking 

Ziba Bennett. 1207 

business, Wilkes-Barre, Pa.; 1864-1889, director of Wyoming 
National bank, Wilkes-Barre, Pa.; 1 864-1 889, secretary of board 
of directors of Wyoming National bank, Wilkes-Barre, Pa. ; 
1865-79, member of the firm of Bennett, Phelps & Co., Wilkes- 
Barre, Pa. ; 1868-89, superintendent First Methodist Episcopal 
church Sunday school. Wilkes-Barre, Pa. ; 1868-70, member of 
town council, Wilkes-Barre, Pa.; 1869, traveled extensively in 
I^urope ; 1869-89, manager of Wilkes-Barre Bridge Company; 
1870-73, member of school board, Wilkes-Barre, Pa.; 1871, 
president of Young Men's Christian Association, Wilkes-Barre, 
Pa.; 1871-87, member of board of managers of Young Men's 
Christian Association, Wilkes-Barre, Pa.; 1873-89, trustee of 
Wyoming Seminary, Kingston, Pa.; 1874-89, trustee First Meth- 
odist Episcopal church, Wilkes-Barre, Pa. ; 1876-89, manager 
Wilkes-Barre City Hospital; 1876-89, treasurer Wilkes-Barre 
Bridge Company; 1878-89, manager Hollenback Cemetery As- 
sociation, Wilkes-Barre, Pa.; 1879-83, member of school board t 
city of Wilkes-Barre, Pa.; 1879-89, secretary Luzerne County 
Bible Society; 1883, president school board, Wilkes-Barre, Pa.; 
1886, vice president Wilkes-Barre Lace Manufacturing Company; 
1886-88, treasurer Sheldon Axle Company, Wilkes-Barre, Pa. ; 
1887-88, president Wilkes-Barre Lace Manufacturing Company; 
1888-89, trustee of Wesleyan University, Middletown, Conn.; 
1888-89, trustee of Drew Theological Seminary, Madison, N. J.; 
1888-89, president board of trustees of Wyoming Seminary, 
Kingston, Pa. He married, September 7, 1871, Ellen W. Nel- 
son, daughter of Rev. Reuben Nelson, D. D., of Kingston, Pa. 
Their children are: 1. Martha Phelps Bennett, born October 16, 
1873; 2. Reuben Nelson Bennett, born December 12, 1875; 
3. Ziba Piatt Bennett, born March 22, 1881. 

II. Martha Wheeler Bennett, born in Wilkes-Barre, Pa., 
August 2, 1833. She married, September 20, 1854, John C. 
Phelps, a native of Granby, Conn., where he was born April 20, 
1825. Their children are: 1. Anna B. Phelps, born January 1, 
1856. 2. William G. Phelps, born August 17, 1857; married, 
November 17, 1880, Caroline I., daughter of Hon. L. D. Shoe- 
maker. 3. Francis A. Phelps, born May 4, 1859. 4- Grace L. 
Phelps, born March 31, 1863; married November 9, 1887, 

i2o8 James Holliday. 

Henry B. Piatt, son of Hon. Thomas C. Piatt. 5. Ziba Bennett 
Phelps, born December 7, 1870. 

The second wife of Ziba Bennett, whom he married November 
18, 1856, was Priscilla E. Lee, daughter of the late James Stewart 
Lee, of Nanticoke. He was a brother of Colonel Washington 
Lee. (See page 1079.) She erected the chapel connected with 
the First Methodist Episcopal church of this city at a cost of 
$26,000, and presented the same to that society. She might also 
be called the foundress of the Home for Friendless Children on 
South Franklin street in this city. On March 22, 1862, a num- 
ber of ladies interested in benevolent work met at the house of 
Mrs. Bennett. A board of lady managers were chosen, and Mrs. 
Bennett was appointed the treasurer. The society was subse- 
quently incorporated. The management of the Home is in the 
hands of twenty-four ladies, who meet once a month for consul- 
tation. For a large number of years Mrs. Bennett has been the 
president. She has been connected with the First Methodist 
Episcopal Sabbath school of this city for the past thirty years, 
and for the past fifteen years she has been the assistant superinten- 
dent. She still survives, and the hope and prayer of all christian 
people is that her life may long be spared to bless this commu- 
nity with her charitable and benevolent work. Her large benev- 
olences and noble christian character have made her name 
familiar, and her "praise is in all the churches." 


James Holliday was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., April 4, 1842. In the latter part of the following year he 
removed to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, where he remained until his 
death several years since. He died in the court room there while 
engaged in trying a case. His wife was Mary Sterling, a grand- 
daughter of Samuel Sterling, who came with his family from 
Bridgeport, Conn., prior to 1800, and settled in what is now Mesh- 
oppen township, Wyoming county, Pa., where he died about 

Aaron Kingsley Peckham. 1209 

1830. He was a descendant of David Sterling, who was born in 
Hertfordshire, England. He came to this country in 165 1 and 
settled in Charlestown, Mass. The father of Mrs. Holliday 
was Major Daniel Sterling, son of Samuel Sterling, who came 
from Bridgeport with his father's family. He was born there 
July 8, 1776. He early opened a store and hotel at Black Wal- 
nut, and bought land on Meshoppen creek near its mouth, where 
he was for many years extensively engaged in lumbering, grist 
milling, merchandizing, and farming. He removed about 1837 
to Illinois, where he died August 25, 1839. He was married 
three times, his third wife, the mother of Mrs. Holliday, being 
Rachel Brooks. Mr. and Mrs. Holliday had two children, Wal- 
ter Holliday, now deceased, and Elizabeth Holliday. Mrs. Hol- 
liday subsequently married James P. Whaling, auditor of the 
Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul railroad. She now resides at 
Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 


Aaron Kingsley Peckham was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., August 1, 1842. He was the second child of Kings- 
ley Peckham and Hannah Retta Rounds, and was born at Bris- 
tol, Rhode Island, October 15, 181 5. His father was a farmer 
and while residing in Rhode Island made a bare competence for 
himself and family. Learning of the cheapness and facility with 
which land could be acquired in Pennsylvania, he left Rhode 
Island in the spring of 1829, and after a long and tedious journey, 
fraught with the dangers, difficulties and discouragements inci- 
dent to the season and mode of travel, arrived and settled early 
in the spring in Columbia, Bradford county, Pa. The expenses 
of the trip left his father little to begin with, but he went earn- 
estly to work in the heavily timbered forest, soon made a clear- 
ing, and erected habitable buildings. At this time the subject of 
our sketch was fourteen years old, just the age when he should 
have been placed at school and had opportunities for fitting him- 
self better for his after work. He remained with his father until 
about the age of nineteen, assisting in clearing, working the land 

i2io Warren Jay Woodward. 

and making improvements in spring, summer and fall, and attend- 
ing the common schools of the neighborhood in the winter. He 
then procured a tract of land in Armenia township, Bradford 
county, and went to work for himself. Not a tree had been cut 
upon this tract when he went upon it. He cut and cleared a 
number of fallows, set up a good sugar bush, and made sugar 
several seasons. He remained there until the spring of 1838, 
when he rented a pail factory. It was shortly after be began 
manufacturing pails that he determined to study law. He entered 
his name as a student with John C. Adams, of the Towanda, Pa., 
bar, meanwhile carrying on his business, and in addition taught 
school winters. In 1842 he was admitted to the Bradford county 
bar. He located at Tunkhannock and practiced there. This was 
a short time before Wyoming county was separated from Luzerne 
county. He immediately obtained a fair share of business, and 
by his industry, application and perseverance worked his way 
into a good practice. In i860 the late Warren J. Woodward, the 
then presiding judge of the twenty-sixth judicial district, 
comprising among others Wyoming county, was elected presi- 
dent judge of the twenty-third judicial district, and surrendered 
his commission as the presiding judge of the twenty-sixth. Gov- 
ernor Curtin commissioned A. K. Peckham to fill the vacancy, in 
the fall of 1 86 1, which position he held until December 1, 1862. 
He resumed the practice of his profession at Tunkhannock, con- 
tinuing there until his death, March 22, 1865. He married Jane 
A. P. Manville, at Towanda, February 21, 1845. She died at 
Tunkhannock July 5, 1855. By her he left one daughter, Mrs. 
N. P. Hicks, of Towanda. Mr. Peckham married a second time 
— Jane E. Knowles, of Chittenango, N. Y. — November 24, 1858. 
By her he left one daughter, Mary. 


Warren Jay Woodward, who was admitted to the bar of Lu- 
zerne county, Pa., August 1, 1842, was a descendant of Richard 
Woodward, who was admitted a freeman September ?, 1635, and 
whose name is on the earliest list of the proprietors of Water- 

Warren Jay Woodward. 121 1 

town, Massachusetts. (See page 97.) His grandfather, Abishai 
Woodward, was the father of the late George W. Woodward. 
He was an associate judge of Wayne county from 18 14 to 1829, 
and sheriff from 1807 to 1810. The father of W. J. Woodward 
was John K. Woodward. He was the son of Abishai Wood- 
ward. J. K. Woodward was a surveyor, draftsman and a good 
mathematician. When Pike county was created John K. Wood- 
ward ran the division line of the new county. He was prothon- 
otary and clerk of the several courts from 1823 to 1827. The 
wife of John K. Woodward was Mary Kellogg, a daughter of 
Silas Kellogg, who removed to Wayne county in 1792, from the 
state of New York. He was sheriff of Wayne county from 18 13 
to 1 8 16. Warren J. Woodward was born September 24, 18 19, 
near Bethany, Wayne county, Pa.; secured in his youth an aca- 
demic education at Wilkes-Barre ; taught school several terms 
in his native county ; entered the printing office of the Wayne 
county Herald, at Bethany, and conducted that newspaper for a 
time in the absence of its proprietor, and was then for about two 
years connected with the Pennsyhanicui, at Philadelphia, in an 
editorial capacity. He studied law at Wilkes-Barre with his 
uncle George W. Woodward, and E. L. Dana, and then practiced 
for about fifteen years with eminent success, holding at the time of 
his appointment to a judgeship the leading practice at the Luzerne 
bar. He had the habits and tastes of a student, and was one of 
the most laborious of men, always disposed to master difficulties 
and go to the bottom of a subject. A conscientious performance 
of judicial duty involves much of concentrated attention and 
effort, quite unknown to the outer world because performed 
mostly in private. Even in the long run results only become 
evident; it comes to be known that the faithful judge is a great 
or accomplished lawyer ; that his work is correctly and prompt- 
ly performed ; that sound law is pronounced, and impartial jus- 
tice administered by him ; but little is known by the general pub- 
lic of the days or weeks or years of patient toil and of self-discipline 
which have made him what he is — an accomplished minister of 
justice. The immediate cause of the judge's death was nervous 
exhaustion, accompanied by an enlargement of the liver. For 
twenty years he had been subject to recurring bilious attacks, 

1 2i 2 Warren Jay Woodward. 

which, with overwork, appear to have caused his final sickness 
and death. His walk was remarkably erect; his limbs and face 
clothed with little flesh ; but his frame was of fair size, his body 
substantial, and his head showed intellectual development and 
power. His eye was kindly, and kindled in familiar discourse ; 
his conversation was emphatic, without violence, and had the 
charms of earnestness and variety in intercourse with friends. 
He read much of general literature, and obtained larger views of 
mankind and affairs than those of the mere lawyer or plodding 
judge. But of all his characteristics, conscientiousness was, per- 
haps, the most commanding and constant. This was the spur 
to labor and study throughout his career, carrying him with tire- 
less activity through all the obscurities and difficulties of every 
case, and presenting to him at all times a wholesome apprehen- 
sion that-some man's right or some principle of justice might be 
overlooked or neglected. He was never a candidate for political 
office in the ordinary sense of that term, but by devotion to his 
profession of the law he qualified himself for high judicial posi- 
tions, and obtained them without personal solicitations or effort. 
Although a democrat of the straightest sect, he was appointed 
by Governor Pollock to be president judge of the judicial dis- 
trict composed of Columbia, Sullivan and Wyoming counties 
upon a general request of the members of the bar of both par- 
ties, and was afterwards elected to the same position by the peo- 
ple without opposition. Upon the bench he exhibited great 
ability and impartiality, united with a faithful devotion to the 
duties of his office. All business before him was promptly dis- 
posed of, and the intrusion of political feelings or other sinister 
influence into his courts was sternly prevented. He brought to 
the bench qualities which had received their training and discip- 
line under Judge Conyngham, of this county, before whom his 
professional life at the bar had been passed — an admirable judge 
and a finished gentleman, whose memory yet holds the respect 
of the people of all the courts in which his judicial duties were 
discharged. These qualities, constituting high qualifications for 
a judge, were great integrity of purpose, great industry, and a 
most sincere, unassuming devotion to justice. And in social 
intercourse off the bench his temper was genial and kindly, and 

Warren Jay Woodward. 12 13 

his friendship was considered a proper object of just and honor- 
able effort. In 1861 Judge Woodward was nominated by the 
democrats of the Bucks and Montgomery district as their can- 
didate for the president judgeship, but he declined. He was then 
invited to accept a nomination for president judge of Berks coun- 
ty, and was chosen to that position at the general election of that 
year by a large majority. In 1871 he was reelected without 
opposition, for he had then become known to the people of that 
county as a most admirable judge and an estimable man, and his 
retention upon the bench was considered an object of the utmost 
importance to the people of that county. From that position of 
usefulness, however, he was called to the bench of the Supreme 
Court by an election in the fall of 1874, taking his seat on the 
first Monday of January following, so that at the time of his 
death he had served as a justice of the Supreme Court something 
more than four years and a half. His opinions, to be found in 
the books of reports, will remain to bear evidence of his ability, 
and their language and composition to gratify all readers of sound 
taste and learning. Judge Woodward was married to a daughter 
of Judge Scott, of this city. She died many years since. He 
was a great reader of current literature, and was constantly keep- 
ing up with all the magazines and new books. He possessed a 
fondness for literary pursuits, and while still a law student was 
an editorial contributor to the Pennsylvania)!. He was also much 
devoted to agriculture and horticulture, and on his farm in New 
York he had all of the best varieties of fruit in cultivation. He 
was a liberal contributor to charitable objects, -and was identified 
with every movement in the city of Reading calculated to relieve 
distress. He was president of the Reading benevolent society 
for a number of years, and presided over the annual meetings. 
He was a director of the Reading dispensary up to the time of 
the reorganization of the institution. He was also a liberal con- 
tributor to the Reading relief society. He took a prominent part 
in the reorganization of the Reading library company, and was 
one of the founders of the reading room association. Judge 
Woodward was the law preceptor of Governor Hoyt, and occu- 
pied a seat with the latter in a barouche in the inaugural proces- 
sion in Harrisburg. He also publicly administered the oath to 

1 2 14 William Henry Miller. 

Governor Hoyt upon his inauguration. Many anecdotes could 
be related of Judge Woodward. He presided with great dignity 
in the trial of cases ; while off the bench he was a pleasant com- 
panion. When a young man, like many other lawyers, he fell 
into the habit of writing an execrable hand, but upon finding one 
day that he was unable to decipher some notes which he had 
taken, he determined to improve his penmanship. He adopted 
the rule to write so that each letter would be perfectly plain, and 
he persevered until his chirography became a model of elegance. 
His judicial dockets are remarkable for the neat and legible man- 
ner in which they were kept, the entries being as easily read as 
printed matter. In 1875 he received the honorary degree of doc- 
tor of laws from Franklin and Marshall college, of Lancaster. 
The severe labors which he had undergone in his long judicial 
service had, before his elevation to the supreme bench, enfeebled 
a constitution always frail and delicate. The death of his eldest 
son, Henry, in 1878, added to his sufferings. In the summer of 
1879 he was compelled by ill health to retire to his farm near 
the village of Hamden, Delaware county, N. Y., and there died, 
September 23, 1879, and is buried in Hollenback cemetery in 
this city. Two children survived him — Warren Woodward, a 
member of the Lackawanna county bar, who died in 1881, and 
Katharine Woodward, since married to Frank Perley Howe, of 
Danville, Pa., a son of Bishop Howe, of the Protestant Episco- 
pal church. 


William Henry Miller, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., November 11, 1842, was born near Middletown, 
Adams county, Pa., January 13, 1820. He studied law with Hon. 
John Reed, at Carlisle, Pa., and was admitted to the bar at that 
place in August, 1842, and soon after removed to Luzerne (now 
Wyoming) county, and located at Tunkhannock, where he prac- 
ticed law until the latter part of 1843, when he removed to Car- 

Miner S. Blackman. 121 5 

lisle and practiced there the remainder of his life. He married, 
May 30, 1843, Jane R. McDowell, who still survives him. Mr. 
and Mrs. Miller have no children living. Mr. Miller at one "time 
filled the office of district attorney for Cumberland county, Pa. 
He died in June, 1877. "He lived a long and useful life — an 
honored citizen, a good lawyer, and an upright man." 


Miner S. Blackman, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., January 2, 1843, was a native of Wilkes-Barre, Pa., 
where he was born August 14, 18 1 5. He was a descendant of 
John (?) Blackman, who was born in England about 1600 and 
emigrated to Massachusetts or Connecticut about 1635. He had 
a son John (?), who was born in Connecticut in the latter year. 
He had a son Elisha, who was born in Connecticut about 1687, 
married, lived, and died about 1768, in Lebanon, Connecticut. 
Elisha Blackman, son of Elisha Blackman, was born in Lebanon 
in 1717; married Lucy Polly, who was a widow Smith; emi- 
grated with his family to Wilkes-Barre early in the spring of 
1772 ; was in the battle at Nanticoke and defeat of Plunkett in 
1775 ; was in the skirmish with the Indians at Exeter on July 1, 
1778 ; returned to Lebanon after the battle and massacre of July 
3, 1778; returned to Wilkes-Barre in 1790; owned a farm ex- 
tending on both sides of Main street ; one lot west of Academy 
street; died there in 1804. Ichabod Blackman, son of Elisha 
Blackman, was born in Lebanon, Connecticut, in 1762 ; came to 
Wilkes-Barre with his father's family in 1772; was in the skir- 
mish at Exeter, July I, 1778, together with his father and brother 
Elisha ; fled with his father, mother, sisters and brother Eleazer, 
on July 4, 1778, through the woods to Stroudsburg, and from 
thence to Connecticut; returned to Wilkes-Barre about 1784. 
(See page 931.) In 1786 he married, at Goshen, N. Y., Eliza- 
beth Franklin, daughter of Jonathan Franklin. The Franklins 
were a large and respectable family, distant relatives of Dr. Ben- 
jamin Franklin. Of the Wyoming family there were seven 
brothers, all of whom had large families, from whom a numerr 

1 2 16 • Edward M. Covell. 

ous progeny has sprung. John was killed in the battle and mas- 
sacre of Wyoming. Mr. Blackman removed to Sheshequin, 
Bradford county, in 1794. He went up the river on a boat 
with Judge Hollenback and brought the first cart used in the 
township. In the month of April, 1798, he was drowned while 
crossing the river in a canoe on a very dark night. Ichabod 
Blackman had three sons — Colonel Franklin Blackman, Rev. 
David S. Blackman, a Presbyterian minister, and Elisha Black- 
man. The latter was born in Horn Brook, Bradford county, 
in 1 79 1. His first wife was Mary Searle. The two latter were 
the parents of Miner S. Blackman. Mr. Blackman was edu- 
cated in his native town. He read law with H. B. Wright, in 
this city He served an apprenticeship to the printing business 
with Asher Miner, at Doylestown, Pa., in his young manhood, and 
in connection with Dr. Thomas W. Miner published the Wyom- 
ing Republican, in Kingston, from 1837 to 1839. In 1844, 1845 
and 1846 he was one of the trustees of the Wyoming seminary, 
at Kingston. He was also district attorney of Luzerne county 
during the years 1841, 1842 and 1843. He was a member of the 
town council of the borough of Wilkes-Barre at the time of his 
decease. He was a class leader in the Methodist Episcopal 
church for a number of years. Mr. Blackman married, Septem- 
ber 26, 1843, Ann Elizabeth Drake, of this city. She was the 
daughter of Benjamin Drake, a native of Mendham, Morris 
county, N. J., where he was born April 22, 1778, and his wife 
Nancy S. lily, a native of Abington, Montgomery county, Pa., 
where she was born February 10, 1788. They were married 
March 2, 18 17. Mr. and Mrs. Blackman had two children, but 
neither survived. Mr. Blackman died by his own hands, May 
25, 1848, while suffering from a severe attack of small pox. His 
wife is also deceased. They left no children. 


Edward M. Covell, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., January 2, 1843, was a native of Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
He was the grandson of Matthew Covell, M. D., who was a resi- 

Edward M. Covell. 1217 

dent of Wilkes-Barre prior to 1800, and in 1798 he was a justice 
of the peace for Wilkes-Barre township. In 181 1 he was one of 
the commissioners of the Wilkes-Barre meeting house and bank 
lottery. The wife of Dr. Covell was Aurelia Tuttle. She was a 
descendant of Joseph Tuttle, who was baptized in New Haven, 
Conn., November 22, 1640; married, May 2, 1667, Hannah, 
daughter of Captain Thomas Munson, born June 1 1, 1648. Cap- 
tain Munson came in the Elizabeth to Boston in 1634; removed 
to Hartford, and was of the Hartford contingent under Captain 
Mason at the destruction of the Pequot fort ; removed to New 
Haven 1642 ; offered one-third of an unclaimed allotment in the 
governor's quarter on conditions that he never complied with, 
namely, that he would build a house thereon and devote himself 
to making wheels and ploughs for the good of the colony. In 
1669 he was a commissioner with Samuel Bishop and three others 
to meet five commissioners from Branford to establish bounda- 
ries. In 1675 he commanded the New Haven troops that, at 
Norrituck, defended the plantation against the Indians. He was a 
representative in the general assembly twenty-four sessions, from 
1666 to 1683. A complaint against Joseph Tuttle and John Hold 
was made August 7, 1666, for "tumultous carriage and speaking 
against the infliction of punishment upon two delinquents ;" fined 
twenty shillings. "He was excused from 'watching in 1685,'" be- 
ing an impotent man, having lost the use of one of his feet, and 
now having two sons in the public service." The same year he was 
appointed constable, but declined on account of lameness. Ste- 
phen Tuttle, son of Joseph Tuttle, was born May 20, 1673; 
removed to Woodbridge, N. J., where his name first appears on 
land record April 17, 1695, as grantee of six acres of high land, 
which was laid out to him December 21 of same year. At town 
meeting January 1, 1697, Stephen Tuttle was chosen constable 
for the year ensuing. His name stands fourth on the list of 
church members. He was married in Woodbridge by Samuel Hale, 
justice of the peace, September 12, 1695, to Ruth Eitz Randolph, 
of Woodbridge, of the family from which Governor Randolph is a 
descendant. Stephen Tuttle, son of Stephen Tuttle, was taken 
young with his father's family to Woodbridge, but returned to 
Connecticut and lived with Theophilus Munson at New Haven. 

1 2 1 8 Edward Garrick Mallery. 

He afterwards lived in Farmington, Conn., perhaps with his uncle, 
Samuel Tuttle. He was killed by lightning while standing under 
a tree on the Farmington meadows, June 23, 1735. He married, 
January 23, 1735, Sarah, daughter of Nathan Stanley, of Farm- 
ington. Stephen Tuttle, son of Stephen Tuttle, was born October 
! 9» 1735, posthumous ; was taken into the Stanley family, and in 
1742 removed with his grandfather, Stanley, to Goshen, Conn., 
where he married, March 23, 1758, Lydia, daughter of Ebenezer 
Lyman, of Torrington, Conn. He owned land in Goshen, but 
removed, probably about 1773, to Palmyra, Tioga county, N. Y., 
thence to Wilkes-Barre, where he died in 1809. His wife was 
a cousin of Esther, mother of Dr. Lyman Beecher. Aurelia 
Tuttle, daughter of Stephen Tuttle, who was born June 29, 1764, at 
Goshen, was the wife of Dr. Matthew Covell. Edward Covell, 
son of Dr. Covell, was born in Wilkes-Barre May 12, 1792; 
graduated from Princeton college, N. J., in 1812 ; studied medi- 
cine in Philadelphia with Dr. Benjamin Rush, and practiced his 
profession in this city. He was greatly loved and respected. 
Married in Wilkes-Barre, May 7, 17 17, Sarah S. Ross, a daugh- 
ter of General William Ross. (See page 293.) Edwin M. Covell, 
son of Edward Covell, M. D., graduated from Princeton college 
and studied law in this city. His health failed him and he died 
at Clifton Springs, N. Y., September 8, 1864. He married, June 
4, 1845, Mildred S. Glassell, of Culpepper, Va., a daughter of 
John Glassell. 


Edward Garrick Mallery, who was admitted to the bar of Lu- 
zerne county, Pa., August 14, 1843, was a son °f Garrick Mallery 
and his wife, Sylvina Pierce Butler, daughter of General Lord 
Butler. (See page 335.) E. G. Mallery was born at Wilkes- 
Barre, Pa., in 1824, was educated at Lafayette college, where he 
was the junior orator in 1837, and read law with his father. He 
practiced law in this city and at Philadelphia, Pa. He was the 

Charles Phillips Waller. 12 19 

author of the following inscription on the Wyoming monument : 

Near this spot was fought, 

On the afternoon of Friday, the third day of July, 1778, 

The Battle of Wyoming, 

In which a small band of patriotic Americans, 

chiefly the undisciplined, the youthful, and the aged, 

spared by inefficiency from the distant ranks of the republic, 

led by Col. Zebulon Butler and Col. Nathan Denison, 

with a courage that deserved success, 

boldly met, and bravely fought, 

a combined British, Tory, and Indian force 

of thrice their number. 

Numerical superiority alone gave success to the invader, 

and widespread havoc, desolation and ruin 

marked his savage and bloody footsteps through the valley. 

This Monument, 

commemorative of these events, 

and of the actors in them, 

has been erected over the bones of the slain, 

by their descendants and others, who gratefully appreciate 

the services and sacrifices of their patriot ancestors. 

Mr. Mallery was an unmarried man, and died May 27, 1852. 


Charles Phillips Waller, who was admitted to the bar of Lu- 
zerne county, Pa., August 7, 1843, was a native of Wilkes-Barre, 
Pa , where he was born August 7, 1819. He was the son of 
Captain Phineas Waller, a native of Massachusetts, who moved 
into the Wyoming valley in 1774 with his father's family. Cap- 
tain Nathan Waller, his father, a farmer, settled in the Wyoming 
valley when Phineas was a young man. The mother of C. P. 
Waller was Elizabeth Jewett, a daughter of Dr. David Hibbard 
Jewett, of Montville, Conn. (See page 842.) Mr. Waller spent 
his youth at home and in the schools of Wilkes-Barre until he 
entered Williams college in 1838, where he was a student for 
two years, but owing to weakness of his eyes he was obliged to 
discontinue his studies. In 1839 and 1840 he was principal of 

1220 Stephen Severson Winchester. 

the Bloomsburg, Pa., academy, and was the first to organize a 
classical school there. He studied law with Judge Collins in 
this city, and soon after his admission here he removed to Hones- 
dale, Pa., where he successfully carried on his profession until 
1874, when he was elected president judge of Wayne county, Pa. 
He married, April 3, 1845, Harriet W., daughter of Henry W. 
Stone, of Mount Pleasant, Pa. 


Stephen Severson Winchester was admitted to the Luzerne 
county, Pa., bar November 6, 1843. He was a native of Balti- 
more, Maryland, where he was born in October, 18 17. When he 
reached his majority he came to this city and was domiciled in 
the family of Thomas Myers, who at that time was sheriff of the 
county. For some years he continued with Sheriff Myers, act- 
ing in a clerical capacity in his office. He subsequently served 
for a short time as a teacher in the old Wilkes-Barre academy. 
He began his legal studies with the late Hon. Luther Kidder in 
1 84 1, and shortly after removed to Tunkhannock, Pa., and com- 
pleted his legal studies under the tuition of Hon. R. R. Little. 
He was admitted to the bar of Wyoming county at September 
term, 1843, and was shortly after appointed deputy attorney-gen- 
eral of Wyoming county, Pa. He served with distinction as 
Wyoming's attorney, and subsequently entered upon a very vig- 
orous and promising practice at Tunkhannock. In 1846 he 
purchased the Wyoming Democrat of William Bolton, and became 
its editor and publisher up to 1853, when the paper was disposed 
of to W. M. Piatt and John Brisbin. In the same year he was 
induced to return to Luzerne to accept the editorial manage- 
ment of the Luzerne Union (since merged in the Union Leader}, 
which had just been started. In his editorial labors he found 
congenial employment, for he was naturally a newspaper man, 
and was as ready with his pen as he was with his speech in the 
defense of the principles of a political faith which he clung to 
until the last: It was while he was in charge of that paper that 

Samuel Hodgdon. * 1221 

he was commissioned a brigadier general of the state militia, 
and put in command of a military district in this section of the 
commonwealth. About 1855 General Winchester entered the 
political arena, having accepted the nomination of district at- 
torney. His opponent was Henry M. Hoyt, whom he defeated 
by a neat majority. He served the office with honor to himself 
and his party, and with true fidelity to the interests of the peo- 
ple. General Winchester was a hard, earnest worker. He had 
a powerful will, which enabled him to fight a malady which 
would have laid many another man aside. As a lawyer 
he was keen, shrewd and intelligent; as an editor he was 
ardent, honest and vigorous. In his relations with others he 
was ever suave, kindly, generous and benignant. In address 
he was pleasant and in manners polished. In debate he was 
ever earnest, his style being bold and aggressive. He was a firm 
believer in the political doctrines of Jefferson, and his position 
was never mistaken. Ten years before his death General Win- 
chester had amassed a comfortable fortune, but unfortunately it 
was in real estate, which depreciated in value with the passage of 
time, and so, in a measure, wrecked him. He passed away at a 
day when a loving family could illy afford to lose him, but fol- 
lowed by the heartfelt regret of relatives, associates at the bar 
and friends. He married, February 26, 1857, Anna L. C. Bur- 
dett, daughter of Jacob Burdett, and granddaughter of Stephen 
Burdett. Mr. Winchester died June 26, 1881, leaving to survive 
him his widow and two children, Martha C. Winchester, now the 
wife of William E. Speakman, of Woodbury, N. J., and Byron Bur- 
dett Winchester, now a young law student. 


Samuel Hodgdon, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., November 6, 1843, was the son of Major Samuel 
Hodgdon, quartermaster general and commissary general of mili- 
tary stores in the continental army, and Mary Hodge, his wife. 

1222 Samuel Hodgdon. 

She was the granddaughter of William Hodge and Margaret, his 
wife, who lived in the north of Ireland. They were the parents 
of four boys and two girls, of whom two died in early childhood, 
and one surviving to maturity left no record. The father died 
January 4, 1723, and the mother October, 15, 1730. Soon after 
the death of their mother the three remaining children — William, 
Andrew and Hugh — emigrated to America and settled in Phila- 
delphia, where they became successful merchants and men of 
influence in the community. Andrew Hodge, the second in 
order of age of the immigrant brothers, born in Ireland March 
28, 171 1, was the father of Mrs. Hodgdon. He soon became a 
successful merchant and acquired considerable property. His 
wharf and store and city residence, in which he spent his life, 
were on Water street, to the south of what is now termed Dela- 
ware avenue. His country seat was on Mead lane, now Mont- 
gomery avenue, and he possessed one of the only six carriages 
then in the city. He was active and influential in all the affairs 
of the church and of the community, one of the founders of and 
a liberal contributor to the Second church, and a member of its 
board of trustees to the day of his death. In 1739 he married 
Miss Jane McCulloch. Mr. and Mrs Hodge were the parents of 
fifteen children, of whom Mary was the fourth daughter. Hugh 
Hodge, brother of Mrs. Hodgdon, was the grandfather of Rev. 
F. B. Hodge, D. D., of this city. Samuel Hodgdon, son of Sam- 
uel Hodgdon and Mary Hodge, his wife, was born in Phila- 
delphia, Pa., September 3, 1793. He was educated in the schools 
of Philadelphia and at Rutgers college, New Brunswick, N. J. 
Early in life he entered into the mercantile business in Philadel- 
phia. About the year 18 14 he married and removed to Silver 
Lake, Susquehanna county, Pa., where he undertook the man- 
agement and development of his father's lands. Subsequently he 
resided and carried on business as a merchant successively in 
Montrose and Carbondale, Pa. After reading law and his admis- 
sion to the bar he practiced in Carbondale. At the organization 
of the Presbyterian church in Carbondale, June 27, 1829, he and 
his wife joined the same by letters, and Mr. Hodgdon was 
made a ruling elder. He also filled the same position in one of 
the Presbyterian churches of his native city. He was elected 

James Robb Struthers. 1223 

prothonotary of Luzerne county in 1849, and held the office from 
December 1, 1849, to December 1, 1852. In 1853 he removed 
to Scranton from Wilkes-Barre, where he had resided during the 
time he held the office of prothonotary, and resumed the practice 
of his profession. Failing health induced Mr. Hodgdon to return 
to his native city, where he died January 17, 1865. Mr. Hodg- 
don was married three times. His children by his first wife were 
Samuel Hodgdon, late of Port Blanchard, and Captain James H. 
Hodgdon, U. S. N., of Philadelphia, both of whom died in con- 
sequence of disease contracted in the late civil war ; also Ed- 
ward, Alexander H. and Thomas H. Hodgdon, all of whom died 
unmarried in early manhood. By his second wife, Ann, daughter 
of Captain Henry Harris, of Long Island, he had eight children, 
the survivors being Mary A. Urquhart, wife of Dr. George Urqu- 
hart, of Wilkes-Barre ; Hattie E. Meylert, wife of Dr. Asa P. 
Meylert, of New York ; and Captain Henry C. Hodgdon, also of 
New York. His third wife, Margaret Keene, of Newark, N. J., 
survived him nearly ten years, dying December 17, 1876. Mr. 
Hodgdon is well remembered as an upright and honorable coun- 
sellor, a wise and prudent man, and in all points the gentleman. 
Timothy Pickering on leaving the army in 1785, went into busi- 
ness in Philadelphia with Major Samuel Hodgdon as a commis- 
sion merchant. 


Nathaniel Jones was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., January 2, 1844. He read law with A. T. McClintock, and 
soon after his admission removed to Schuylkill county, Pa. 


James Robb Struthers, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., August 6, 1844, was a native of Paisley, Scotland. 
His grandfather, James Struthers, whose wife was Margaret Wal- 

1224 Charles Bennet. 

lace, and his father, Alexander Struthers, whose wife was Jean 
Sim, a daughter of John Sim and Jean Robb, were also natives 
of Paisley. James Struthers, the grandfather, came to this coun- 
try in 1816, where he and his brother John engaged in business 
as bakers in Baltimore. Alexander Struthers, the father, with his 
family, removed to Baltimore in 1818, where they continued to 
reside until 1823, when they removed to Philadelphia. James R. 
Struthers was born August 3, 18 15, and graduated from Lafayette 
college, Easton, Pa., among its first students. He then entered 
the law office of James Madison Porter, at Easton, and was ad- 
mitted to the Northampton county bar. He first practiced law 
at Stroudsburg, and removed to Mauch Chunk in 1840, where 
he became a teacher. From 1843 to 1846 he was district attor- 
ney of Carbon county, and represented the same county in the 
legislature of the state in 1844 and 1845, an d also in 1852 and 
1853. In 1849 and 1850 he was treasurer of Carbon county. 
He frequently changed his locality and business, and resided at 
times in Iowa, Wisconsin, and New Jersey, sometimes following 
the profession of the law, sometimes publishing a newspaper, and 
at other times he engaged in farming. Mr. Struthers married, 
April 28, 1839, Ellen B. Tolan, a daughter of Hugh Tolan, who 
was born May 24, 1788, whose wife, Hannah Tolan, was born 
November 19, 1787. Mr. and Mrs. Struthers had a family of 
thirteen children. Simon Cameron Struthers, of this city, is one 
of his sons. James Robb Struthers died in this city May 8, 1885. 


Charles Bennet was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., April 7, 1845. He was the only son of John Bennett, who 
was a son of Andrew Bennett, and grandson of Thomas Bennett, 
of Kingston. (See page 361.) Charles Bennet was born in 
Kingston February 28, 18 19. He received a liberal education, 
and read law with E. W. Sturdevant in this city. Preferring a 
life of out-door activity, he did not devote himself entirely to the 

Washington Lee. 1225 

practice of his profession, but turned his knowledge of its prin- 
ciples to good account in every day life. He commenced his 
career of usefulness at a time when coal had to be utilized for fuel 
instead of wood, which had nearly been exhausted. The mineral 
wealth was to be developed ; shafts were to be sunk and breakers 
built to prepare the new fuel for market ; railroads and other 
ways of transportation must be started in all directions, and the 
difficulties to be overcome were formidable. Men were required 
to overcome these difficulties, and such a man was Charles Ben- 
net, who, by his pleasant manners and address, his thorough 
knowledge of human nature and his persuasive powers, enlisted 
capitalists in the large cities in the enterprise. The right of way for 
the various railroads was to be secured and the routes ascertained. 
Mr. Bennet took hold of the work with his characteristic energy 
and persistence, and success crowned his efforts. The valley 
which had been well nigh isolated and inaccessible, was thrown 
open, property advanced in value, and many in moderate cir- 
cumstances became suddenly rich. The actors in such scenes 
had need of well balanced minds, and such was Mr. Bennet's. 
Not elated by prosperity nor depressed by adversity, but hopeful 
in the midst of discouragement, he had the faculty of making 
friends and attaching them to him. He was liberal in his ex- 
penditures, generous in his benefactions, and abundant in his 
hospitalities. Mr. Bennet died August 6, 1866. His wife was 
Sarah Sly, a native of Franklin, Michigan, who died in this city 
June 16, 1887. Two children survive this union — Miss Martha 
Bennet and Miss Sarah Bennet, of this city. 


Washington Lee, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., August 4, 1845, was a native of Hanover township, 
Luzerne county, Pa., where he was born May 8, 1821. He was 
the son of James Stuart Lee, who was the son of Captain An- 
drew Lee. (See page 1079.) James S. Lee was born in Harris- 

1226 Asher Miner Stout. 

burg in 1789, and came to Hanover with his father's family in 
1804. His wife was Martha Campbell, who was a daughter of 
James Campbell and his wife, Margaret Stewart. She was the 
daughter of Captain Lazarus Stewart. (See page 844.) Wash- 
ington Lee was educated in the public schools of his neighbor- 
hood, and at Dickinson college, Carlisle, Pa., from which he 
graduated in the class of 1843. He read law with Charles Deni- 
son, in this city, and practiced his profession for a few years in 
Wilkes-Barre. While at the bar here he was elected district at- 
torney of the county. He subsequently left the bar and engaged 
in business enterprises elsewhere ; first with his uncle, Colonel 
Washington Lee, in the operation of coal mines at Nanticoke. 
He then removed to Baltimore, and afterwards to New York, 
where he died March 26, 1883. Mr. Lee married, June 29, 1846, 
Emily Laura Thomas, daughter of Abraham Thomas. (Seepage 
835.) Mr. and Mrs. Lee had a family of five children. They 
are all married and reside elsewhere, except Charles W. Lee, who 
resides in this city. His wife is Priscilla Lee Doolittle, a daugh- 
ter of Dr. J. L. Doolittle, o.f Ballston, N. Y. 


Asher Miner Stout, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., August 4, 1845, was a native of Bethlehem, Pa., 
where he was born in September, 1822. He was educated in 
Philadelphia, and at Yale college, from which he graduated in the 
class of 1842. He read law with Chester Butler, in this city, 
where he practiced until his death, in April, i860. His father 
was Abraham Stout, M. D., of Bethlehem, and his mother was 
Anna Maria, daughter of Asher Miner. (See article headed Jos- 
eph Wright Miner.) Asher Miner Stout married, January 31, 1849, 
Ellen C. Gildersleeve, daughter of Rev. Cyrus Gildersleeve, born 
in South Orange, N. J., son of Ezra Gildersleeve, of Orange. 
(See page 721.) The mother of Mrs. Stout, wife of Rev. Cyrus 
Gildersleeve, was Frances Caroline Kennedy, born and educated in 

Jacob Waelder. 122; 

Newbern, N. C, whose father, John Kennedy, was born and edu- 
cated in the north of Ireland. Three children — John Stout, 
Kennedy Stout, and Katharine H., married to Henry M. McCart- 
ney, — survived Mr. Stout. Mrs. Stout resides in Spokane Falls, 
Washington Territory. 


Jacob Waelder, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., August 4, 1845, was a native of Weisenheim, province of the 
Rhine, Germany, where he was born May 17, 1820. His father 
emigrated to this country in 1823 and settled in this state. Mr. 
Waelder emigrated with his parents, and continued his studies 
here until he was fifteen years of age, when he was placed in a 
printing office to learn the art preservative. He continued in this 
position for two years. He then received an appointment as 
proofreader for the constitutional convention of Pennsylvania in 
1837. In 1838 he returned to Germany, where he remained over 
two years and completed his general education. In 1841 he 
returned to America and established the Democratic Waechter, a 
German newspaper, in this city, of which he was editor and pro- 
prietor. This publication has been continued until the present, 
under the proprietorship of Robert Baur. From 1855 to 1858 
his brother, Charles Waelder, and Mr. Niebel were the editors 
and proprietors of the Luzerne Union, a democratic newspaper, in 
this city. In 1842 he began studying for the bar in the office 
of L. D. Shoemaker. Shortly after he began the practice of the 
law the Mexican war was engaging the attention of the country, 
and he enlisted in the First Pennsylvania Volunteers, serving 
through the war. He was elected second lieutenant of Company 
I of that regiment. He was afterwards appointed adjutant of 
battalion, then acting assistant adjutant general of the army, by 
General Childs. After the war ended he returned to his practice 
in this city, and was elected district attorney of Luzerne county. 
He was also brigade inspector of the militia. In 1852 he removed 

1228 John William Myers. 

to San Antonio, Texas, on account of the failing health of his 
wife. In 1855, 1857 an d 1859 he was a member of the Texas 
legislature. During the late civil war he was a major of the Con- 
federate army, serving first as general enrolling officer, afterwards 
as assistant purchasing commissary. In 1875 he was a member 
of the convention which framed the present constitution of Texas, 
and exerted a prominent influence in the formation of that instru- 
ment, which ended his political career. After the war he returned 
to this city, and subsequently removed to New York, where he 
practiced one year with M. C. Riggs in Wall street. In 1868 
he returned to San Antonio and entered into partnership with 
Hon. C. Upson, under the firm name of Waelder & Upson. Mr. 
Waelder was married twice. His first wife was Lizzie Lamb, of 
this city, a daughter of the late Colonel Henry F. Lamb. One 
child was the fruit of this union — Mary Louise, now the wife of 
E. B. Chandler, a prominent citizen of San Antonio. His second 
wife was Mrs. Ada Maverick, the widow of Louis Maverick, {nee 
Ada Bradley). Mr. Waelder died at White Sulphur Springs, in 
Virginia, August 28, 1887. The immediate cause of his death 
was a throat affection. Eight sons and daughters survive Mr. Wael- 
der. He was a prominent member of the Protestant Episcopal 
church of San Antonio, and was buried according to the ritual of 
that church. He was for thirty years a vestryman in the above 
named church. He had a military funeral, the long cortege com- 
prising a battery of artillery, three troops of cavalry, besides nu- 
merous civic, beneficial and musical associations. The Beetho- 
ven Maennerchor sang at the grave, and the Belknap rifles fired 
a farewell salute. 


John William Myers, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., April 7, 1846, was a native of Wilkes-Barre, Pa., 
where he was born October 7, 1824. He was the son of John 
Myers, and grandson of Philip Myers, whose wife was Martha 
Bennett Myers. (See page 630.) His mother was Sarah Stark 

John Koons. 1229 

Myers, a daughter of Henry Stark, who was born April 19, 1762, 
and who was driven from the valley at the time of the massacre, 
but returned and became the owner of a large tract of land in 
the now township of Plains, in this county. Henry Stark was 
the son of James Stark, who was the son of Christopher Stark, 
who removed to the Wyoming valley in 1769. (See page 566.) 
J. W. Myers was educated in this city, and at Wyoming semin- 
ary, at Kingston, Pa. He read law with Charles Denison, in this 
city. When the Mexican war broke out he enlisted as a private 
in company I, First regiment, Pennsylvania volunteers, captain, 
E. L. Dana. He died at Perote, Mexico, November 25, 1847. 
He was a brother of Lawrence Myers, of this city. 


John Koons, who was commissioned an associate judge of Lu- 
zerne county, Pa , April 22, 1846, was a native of Monroe county, 
Pa., where he was born August 23, 1795. He was the son of 
Daniel Koons, who removed from near Stroudsburg, Northamp- 
ton (now Monroe) county, in 18 16, to Huntington township, in 
this county. John Koons removed to what is now the borough 
of New Columbus, in this county, in 18 19, and soon after com- 
menced to clear up the wilderness on the site of the now bor- 
ough. He became one of the most prominent men in the lower 
part of the county. In his early days he was largely interested 
in the Nanticoke and Hughesville and the Susquehanna and 
Tioga turnpikes. In 1836 he was appointed postmaster of New 
Columbus, and in 1858 he became interested in the building of 
the academy and normal institute at that place. He built that 
portion of the Wyoming canal from Shickshinny to the Search 
farm. He was a justice of the peace of the borough of New 
Columbus from 1866 to 1876. He was a merchant and also a 
surveyor. In 1830 the North Branch canal was completed to the 
Nanticoke dam, and the first boat, named "The Wyoming," built 
by John Koons at Shickshinny, was launched and towed to Nan- 

1230 Peter J. Byrne. 

ticoke, where she was laden with ten tons of anthracite coal, a 
quantity of flour and other articles. Her destination was Phila- 
delphia. The North Branch canal being new and filling slowly 
with water, the "Wyoming" passed through the Nanticoke chute 
and thence down the river to Northumberland, where she entered 
the Susquehanna division of the Pennsylvania canal and proceed- 
ed with considerable difficulty by the way of the Union and 
Schuylkill canals to Philadelphia. The "Wyoming" received in 
the city fifteen tons of dry goods, and commenced her return 
trip ; was frozen up in the ice and snow at New Buffalo in Janu- 
ary, 183 1. From this place her cargo was transported to Wilkes- 
Barre on sleds. The voyage of the "Wyoming" was attended 
with many difficulties and detentions, and embraced a period of 
upwards of three months. Mr. Koons married, June 21, 1819, 
Anna A. Fellows, a daughter of Abiel Fellows by his second 
wife. (See page 711.) Mr. and Mrs. Koons raised six children 
— Elvira, wife of Rev. J. S. Haynes ; Eveline, wife of Amos J. 
Hess ; Marquis L. Koons, F. A. B. Koons, E. L. Koons, and 
J. R. Koons. Judge Koons died February 13, 1878. William 
Koons, who was sheriff of Luzerne county from 1847 t° 1850, 
and one of the commissioners of the county in 1837, 1838 and 
1839, was a brother of John Koons. 


Peter J. Byrne, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., August 3, 1846, was a native of Eniscorthy, Wexford coun- 
ty, Ireland, where he was born in the year 1799, and graduated 
at St. Peter's college. After coming to America he resided in 
the city of New York, where he held numerous positions of trust. 
He was commissioned by Governor Marcy, in the year 1835, 
first lieutenant of the Eleventh regiment of artillery of that state, 
and in the following year captain of the same regiment. Having 
removed with his family to Silver Lake, Susquehanna county, 
Pa., he was elected a justice of the peace of that township in 1840 
without solicitation on his part. In 1844 he was tendered by Gov- 

John Marion Alexander. 1231 

ernor Porter the commission of captain in the Montrose and 
Bridgewater artillery, which he held for many years during his 
residence at Montrose, as well also the position of notary pub- 
lic of the commonwealth. In the year 1841 he was admitted 
to the bar at Montrose before Judge Conyngham. The same 
year he was appointed by Governor Shunk aid-de-camp to his 
excellency, with the rank of lieutenant-colonel, by which honor- 
able title he was known during the remainder of his life. In the 
year 1853 the Christian college, at New Albany, Indiana, con- 
ferred upon him the degree of doctor of laws. He was elected 
to the legislature of this state in the year i860, and also in 1861, 
and served with credit to his constituents, to himself, and to the 
land of his nativity, being the first Irishman elected to the posi- 
tion from Luzerne county. That being the time of the com- 
mencement of the late civil war, his voice was among the first to 
advocate vigorous means for its suppression. He was tendered 
a commission by Governor Curtin, but old age and its infirmities 
compelled him to decline. As a lawyer for many years he stood 
at the head of his profession, advocating the rights of his client 
with energy and zeal. As a counselor he was profound, able, 
and strictly conscientious, always preferring the interests of his 
client to that of his own. Although a man over seventy years 
of age, he was, up to the time of his death, in the fullest enjoy- 
ment of mental and bodily vigor. His education was far better 
than most men of his time. His culture was proverbial, and 
his urbanity and courteous demeanor won for him a distinction 
in the elegances of life which few men hold. He was naturally a 
gentleman, and he never allowed himself to be carried away from 
his strict notions of gentility by even the most aggravating cir- 
cumstance. He died at Carbondale, Luzerne (now Lackawanna) 
county, June 30, 1875. 


John Marion Alexander was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., August 4, 1846. He was a native of Cortland county, 
N. Y. When a young man he removed to Wayne county, Pa., 

1232 Alfred Darte. 


where he taught school for a number of years. He married a 
Miss Atwater, of Mount Pleasant, in that county, and had a fam- 
ily of two daughters. He read law in Honesdale, Pa. In 1853 
and 1854 he was clerk for the commissioners of Luzerne county. 
In 1846 he settled in Providence, now a portion of the city of 
Scranton, and advertised his office "in the cave at Cottrill's 
hotel." He subsequently removed to Leavenworth, Kansas. 


Alfred Darte, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., November 2, 1846, was a native of Bolton, Tolland county, 
Conn., where he was born July 14, 18 10. His father was Elias 
Darte. (Seepage 130.) In 1829 Alfred Darte left his native 
state and settled in Dundaff, Susquehanna county, Pa. On 
December 30, 1830, he married Ann E., daughter of Dorastus 
Cone. He was a teacher for a number of years, and when not 
so employed built the Meredith saw mill, one of the first build- 
ings erected in Carbondale. In 1844, while having a wife and 
three children, he concluded to study law. As it was neces- 
sary under the rules of court of Susquehanna county to 
remain in a lawyer's office for one year, which he could not 
afford to do with his young family, he went to the state of 
Kentucky, where he passed an examination and was admit- 
ted to the Supreme Court of that state. Upon the certificate 
of his admission in Kentucky he was admitted to practice 
in the courts of Susquehanna county. In 1845 he removed 
to Carbondale, Luzerne (now Lackawanna) county, where he 
practiced his profession (except during the time he was in the 
army and while on the bench) until his death, which occurred 
August — , 1883. He ranked as colonel in the state militia 
thirty years ago. On April 18, 1861, he was commissioned a 
captain of company K, in the Twenty-fifth regiment, Pennsylva- 
nia volunteers, and as such served in the three months regiment 
that was called out at the outbreak of our late civil war. His 
son, Alfred Darte, was first lieutenant in his father's company. 
They were mustered out August 1, 1861, and on October 30, 

Milton Dana. 1233 

1 86 1, Alfred Darte was commissioned as captain of company M, 
Sixty-fourth regiment, fourth cavalry, Pennsylvania volunteers, 
and served as such until December 4, 1862, when he resigned. 
He was wounded at the battle of Antietam. His son, Alfred 
Darte, was second lieutenant of the same company, and on his 
father's resignation was commissioned captain in the company. 
In 1863 Colonel Darte was sent to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, 
where he organized and commanded a regiment of Sioux Indians. 
He was an abolitionist in every sense of the word. In the 
early days of the late civil war he placed a musket in the hands 
of his colored servant, one Henry Brown, who is now a resident 
of this city, telling him that in case any one questioned his 
authority to carry arms, to refer such persons to the colonel. 
Many old soldiers remember Brown as the first colored man they 
ever saw with a musket. Judge Darte was an active republican, 
and was one of the organizers of the party in Luzerne county. 
He was a delegate to the first republican convention held in the 
county. He was district attorney of the mayor's court of Car- 
bondale, in 1871 and 1873, and recorder of the same court in 
1872 and 1874. Mr. Darte was a patriot through and through. 
He was remarkable for his independence of thought and expres- 
sion, and his contempt for that which people call policy. He 
hated shams and cant, and liked the society of those who had 
opinions and independence enough to express them. Mr. Darte 
died August 13, 1883, at Carbondale. He left four children to 
survive him — Mrs. James Thompson, of Carbondale ; Mrs. Wil- 
liam Herring, of Detroit, Michigan ; Alfred Darte, a member 
of the Luzerne county bar, who is serving his second term as 
district attorney of the county ; and L. C. Darte, ex-commis- 
sioner of Luzerne county. 


Milton Dana, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., November 6, 1846, was the great-grandson of Anderson 
Dana, a lawyer from Ashford, Connecticut. (See pages 3 [ and 
240.) Milton Dana was born in Eaton, Luzerne (now Wyoming) 

1234 Henry Metcalf. 

county, Pa., February 27, 1822. He was educated in this city 
and read law with George W. Woodward. He practiced in 
this city, at Tunkhannock, and in the state of Texas. During 
the late civil war he was quartermaster of the One hundred and 
forty-third regiment, Pennsylvania volunteers, of which his 
brother, Edmund L. Dana, was colonel. On May 17, 1865, he 
was appointed assistant quartermaster United States volunteers, 
with the rank of captain. His wife was Sarah Warren, of Frey- 
burg, Maine. She was the granddaughter of Ichabod Warren, 
of Berwick, Maine, and daughter of Isaiah Warren, of Denmark, 
Maine. Mr. and Mrs. Dana had no children, but adopted a son, 
•Perceival Walker Dana. Milton Dana died at Conway, New 
Hampshire, February 18, 1886. 


Elliott Smith Miller Hill, who was admitted to the bar of Lu- 
zerne county, Pa., August 3, 1847, was a native of Carmel, Put- 
nam county, N. Y., where he was born December 20, 1822. He 
was educated in his native village, and subsequently removed to 
where Scranton is now located, and there read law with David 
R. Randall. He married, about 1846, Lucy Newbury, and left 
several children surviving him. Mr. Hill died in 1874. He 
established, in 1860, the Luzerne Legal Observer, which he- pub- 
lished for nearly four years. He also established, about 1865, 
the Scranton Daily Register and Scranton Register, which were 
discontinued in 1868. In 1866 he became the first mayor of 
Scranton, which office he held for three years. His father was 
Noah Hill, and his maternal grandfather was Benjamin Miller. 


Henry Metcalf, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., August 3, 1847, was a native of Yorkshire, England, where 
he was born August 24, 1821. He was a son of Richard Met- 

David Richardson Randall. 1235 

calf and Mary Metcalf, {nee Harper). Mr. Metcalf was educated 
at Dana's academy, in this city, and at Yale college. He read law 
with Andrew T. McClintock, of Wilkes-Barre, and after his ad- 
mission here practiced in the counties of Luzerne, Sullivan, and 
Wyoming. He was elected district attorney of Sullivan county 
and served several terms. During the late civil war he was a major 
of the Fifty-eighth regiment, Pennsylvania volunteers. Mr. Metcalf 
married, November 14, 1848, Sarah A. Dana. She is the daughter 
of Asa S. Dana and his wife Ann Pruner, and a sister of the late 
General E. L. Dana, of the Luzerne bar. (For further particulars 
concerning the Dana family see page 31). Mr. and Mrs. Metcalf 
had a family of three children — Mary G. Metcalf, Henry F. 
Metcalf, and Emma H. Metcalf. Mary G. was married, June 4, 
1874, to Bradley W. Lewis, of the Wyoming county bar. Mr. 
Metcalf died December 23, 1864. 


Elisha Boanerges Harvey was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., November 4, 1847. (For a sketch of his life see p?ge 


David Richardson Randall, who was admitted to the bar of 
Luzerne county, Pa, November 4, 1S47, vvas a native of Rich- 
mond, Cheshire county, N. H., where he was born August 21, 
1818. He was the son of Joseph Randall, who was born in Che- 
shire county in 1793, and the grandson of Levi Randall, who 
was born in the same county December 22, 1761. Joseph Ran- 
dall was a farmer, and removed to McDonough, Chenango 
county, N. Y., when David was about six years old. Some years 
after his father died, leaving him the oldest child and only son of 
a family of eight children, and but little property. Young Ran- 
dall thus found himself at the age of fifteen the head of a family 

1236 David Richardson Randall. 

who looked to him for support and protection, with nothing to 
assist him in the struggle of life but his own indomitable deter- 
mination, fortitude, and perseverance of character, guided by the 
affectionate counsel of a devoted mother, and the kind hand of a 
beneficent providence. Left thus with seven sisters, he struggled 
on to support the family and educate himself. Daylight found 
him at his work on the farms of the neighborhood, or any other 
labor that he could find to do that was honorable, and the night 
time found him at his books by the light of pine fagots. In this 
way he educated himself and supported a widowed mother and his 
sisters till he arrived at the age and acquired the necessary educa- 
tion to enable him to become a teacher, he having passed a most 
flattering graduation from Oxford (N. Y.) academy, at that time one 
of the most thorough and popular institutions of learning in the 
state. As a teacher he labored with the same energy that had 
characterized him from early boyhood, and at the age of twenty- 
six he was elected superintendent of common schools for the 
county of Chenango. His rare fitness for the position and em- 
inent usefulness in it was universally conceded. Indeed, in later 
years, while in the practice of his chosen profession, he gave 
some of his best thoughts and efforts to promote the cause of 
popular education. His labors in behalf of the common schools 
in Luzerne county will ever be gratefully remembered by our 
people. Devoting his time and efforts to the cause of education 
in this capacity for two years, he then concluded to enter upon the 
study of the law. He accordingly entered his name as a student 
in the office of Ransom Balcomb, later one of the judges of the 
Supreme Court of the state of New York. This was in 1843, 
and he continued to read law with Judge Balcomb until 1 846, being 
obliged, however, to devote much time to teaching to support the 
family. Judge Balcomb became so much interested in his student 
that he frequently visited him at his home, after young Randall 
had settled in this county. In 1846 Mr. Randall left his home 
and went to Hyde Park, now a portion of the city of Scranton, 
in this county, commencing there to build up his fortune by teach- 
ing, and soon afterwards entered his name as a law student with 
Charles H. Silkman, Lsq., of Providence, also a portion of the 
city of Scranton. There, as in the state of New York, he was 

David Richardson Randall. 1237 

obliged to teach daytimes and study nights, for there was ever 
before him the dependence of his mother and sisters. Struggling 
along with persistent energy, he was admitted to the bar of Lu- 
zerne county, as we have already stated, on November 4, 1847. 
He opened an office at Providence, and soon his studious habits, 
frank manners, and ready business tact brought him clients, the 
number of whom increased up to the time of his sickness. 

Mr. Randall had all his life been a steady, consistent and thor- 
ough democrat, and in the fall of i860 he was nominated as a 
candidate for congress by the democracy of the Twelfth congres- 
sional district of Pennsylvania, composed of the counties of Lu- 
zerne, Wyoming, Columbia, and Montour. His opponent was 
Hon. George W. Scranton, the strongest man by all odds in his 
party, and who defeated Mr. Randall by a majority of six hun- 
dred and ninety-five in the district. It the town of Providence 
Mr. Randall had a majority of twenty-four, where Colonel Scran- 
ton had two years before received a majority of eighty -two, and 
a majority of three thousand, nine hundred and eighty in the dis- 
trict. Upon the death of E. B. Chase, the district attorney of 
Luzerne county, Mr. Randall was appointed on February 18, 
1864, by Judge Conyngham, district attorney of the county until 
the next annual election. When the democratic convention met 
in the fall of the same year he was unanimously nominated as the 
candidate for district attorney. So great was his popularity as a 
lawyer among the people with whom he had spent so many years 
of his life that he received a majority of fifty-three votes in the 
town of Providence, and this was at a time during the war when 
party spirit was running rampant, and his town at that time gave 
a majority of seventy-three votes to the republican candidate for 
congress. Mr. Randall was triumpantly elected district attorney 
by a majority of two thousand, two hundred and thirty-five in 
the county. This was the last time Mr. Randall ever suffered 
his name to go before the people as a candidate for office. Upon 
the incorporation of the city of Wilkes-Barre in 1871, Mr. Ran- 
dall was appointed chief assessor of the city by Garrick M. 
Harding, a republican judge, upon the unanimous recommenda- 
tion of the members of the city council and the commissioners 
of the county. He so faithfully performed the duties of this 

1238 John Butler Conyngham. 

office that upon the expiration of his term in 1874 he was re- 
appointed, and continued to perform the duties of his office up 
to the time of his death. 

Mr. Randall was twice married. On August 25, 1849, to 
Mary Child, by whom he had four children, none of whom are 
now living. She died February 7, 1855. On March 5, 1856, he 
married Elizabeth S. Emerson, of McDonough, N. Y., who still 
survives him. She is the great-granddaughter of Thomas Emer- 
son, granddaughter of Samuel Emerson, and daughter of Moses 
Sargent Emerson, all of whom were born in New Hampshire. 
Mr. Randall died August 31, 1875, leaving six children to sur- 
vive him. The qualities of the deceased endeared him to his 
friends and commanded the respect of all who knew him. He 
was a true friend and generous foe. Bluff, hearty, and outspoken 
in his dealings with his fellows, he went in and out among them 
through the years of his busy, useful life honored and beloved, 
and left to his children the priceless legacy of an unstained 


George Byron Nicholson was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., November 10, 1848. He was a native of Salem, 
Wayne county, Pa., where he was born May 31, 1826. He was 
a son of Zenas Nicholson and his wife Nancy Goodrich, daugh- 
ter of Seth Goodrich. (See pages 123 and 539) His wife was 
Mary A. Stone. Mr. Nicholson died in this city February 12, 
1873. He left two daughters to survive him — Mary Emma Nich- 
olson, now the wife of Ernest Jackson, and Ruth Nicholson. 


John Butler Conyngham was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., August 6, 1849. He was a son of John N. Conyng- 
ham, and was born in this city September 29, 1827. In 1842, 
when not quite fifteen years of age, he entered Yale college. As 

John Butler Conyngham. 1239 

a student he stood well and took several honors. In 1844 he, 
with fourteen of his class mates, started a Greek letter fraternity. 
Those fifteen members of the class of 1846 builded better than 
they knew when they founded the brotherhood to which good 
fellowship has ever been a passport not less requisite than learn- 
ing. To-day the fraternity has chapters in twenty-nine of the 
leading colleges of the United States, and stands at the head of 
the Greek letter college societies. Graduating from college in 
the summer of 1846, Mr. Conyngham returned to Wilkes-Barre 
and immediately began the study of the law in the office of A. 
T. McClintock. In 1852 he established himself at St. Louis, 
Missouri, as a lawyer, and remained there with great credit to 
himself until 1856, when he returned to Wilkes-Barre. Upon 
the breaking out of the late civil war he enlisted in Captain William 
Brisbane's company, of Wilkes-Barre, for the three months' ser- 
vice. This company became C company of the Eighth Pennsyl- 
vania Regiment, and Mr. Conyngham was elected and served as 
its second lieutenant. When the Fifty-second Regiment Pennsyl- 
vania Volunteers, for three years' service, was organized in the fall 
of 1861, Lieutenant Conyngham was made major of the regi- 
ment. On January 9, 1864, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel, 
and soon after his regiment was ordered to South Carolina. During 
the attack on Fort Johnson, before Charleston, July 4, 1864, he was 
taken prisoner and confined first in Charleston and then in Colum- 
bus, Georgia. After his release he was, on June 3, 1865, pro- 
moted to the colonelcy of his regiment. At the close of the war 
Colonel Conyngham was honorably mustered out of the service, 
and returned to Wilkes-Barre. On March 7, 1867, he was 
appointed captain in the Thirty-eighth United States Infantry, 
and in November, 1869, he was transferred to the Twenty-fourth 
United States Infantry. In 1871 he was brevetted lieutenant 
colonel for gallant services in the field. Mr. Conyngham was an 
unmarried man. He died at Wilkes-Barre May 27, 188 1. (See 
pages 203 and 1 1 14.) 

1240 Winthrop Welles Ketcham. 


Winthrop Welles Ketcham, who was admitted to the bar of 
Luzerne county, Pa., January 8, 1850, was a native of Wilkes- 
Barre, Pa., where he was born June 29, 1820. He was the grandson 
of Daniel Ketcham and his wife Alice Holmes, who were mar- 
ried March 28, 1 77 1 . His father was Lewis Nesbet Ketcham, 
who was born in Philadelphia February 3, 1795, and his wife 
Deborah Eldridge, who was born, in the same city November 20, 
1800. They were married April 17, 18 19. Lewis N. Ketcham 
was a painter and cabinet maker. At an early age Winthrop 
assisted his father and painted many buildings in this city, and 
also a number of the lock houses along the canal. As a boy he 
was always hard working and industrious, and seemed to under- 
stand that he had his own way to make in the world. He deter- 
mined to obtain an education, and attended school whenever oppor- 
tunity offered. As an instance of his energy and perseverance, 
it is said that when at work painting he would carry his books 
with him and learn his lessons during the noon-day hour. 
In 1844, when the Wyoming Seminary, at Kingston, was first 
opened, he secured the position of a teacher under the late Rev. 
Reuben Nelson, D. D. He devoted himself to study and his 
duties as teacher until 1847. After leaving the seminary Mr. 
Ketcham studied law in the offices of Lazarus D. Shoemaker 
and the late Charles Denison. On September 15, 1847, while 
yet a teacher in Kingston, he married Sarah Urquhart, a daugh- 
ter of John Urquhart, of this city, and a native of Readington, 
Hunterdon county, New Jersey. His father, George Urquhart, 
was born in Scotland January 17, 1767, and came to America in 
1786. He was for nearly his whole lifetime a school teacher. 
Two children were born to Mrs. Ketcham — Ellen U., who died in 
Pittsburg, and John Marshall Ketcham. In 1848 Mr. Ketcham went 
to Philadelphia and became a teacher in Girard College, of which 
institution Joel Jones was then president. Here he remained 
until the latter part of 1849, constantly studying and fitting him- 
self for the career that lay before him, and then returned to 

Winthrop Welles Ketcham. i 241 

VVilkes-Barre and soon thereafter was admitted to the bar. To 
his new profession he brought all the energy and zeal which had 
always characterized him, and rapidly rose into popularity. His 
first public office was that of prothonotary of Luzerne county, 
to which he was elected in 1855. This he held during the term 
of three years. In 1858 he was elected a member of the house 
of representatives and served one year. In 1859 ne vvas chosen 
state senator for three years. President Lincoln appointed him 
solicitor of the United States court of claims in 1864, and he 
removed to Washington. In the fall of 1866 Mr. Ketcham 
resigned this office, as he was not in accord politically with Pres- 
ident Johnson. Mr. Ketcham became a republican when that 
party was first organized, having been a whig prior to that time. 
He was a delegate to the Chicago convention of i860 which 
nominated Mr. Lincoln, and a delegate at large to the Baltimore 
convention of 1864, when Mr. Lincoln was re-nominated. In 1868 
he was a presidential elector from this state and cast his vote for 
General Grant. In 1866, 1869, and 1872 he received flattering 
votes in the republican state convention for governor. He was 
elected to congress from this district over Hendrick B. Wright 
in 1874. Before Mr. Ketcham's term in congress had expired 
he was appointed judge of the United States circuit court for the 
western district of Pennsylvania, and retained that high position 
until his death. President Lincoln, in 1863, appointed Mr. 
Ketcham to the position of chief justice of the territory of Ne- 
braska, but, although pressed to accept that high position, he 
declined. In 1867, when the act was passed authorizing an addi- 
tional law judge for this district, Mr. Ketcham was appointed the 
judge by Governor Geary. This office he also declined. Mr. 
Ketcham died December 6, 1879. At his funeral Rev. W. H. Olin, 
D. D., of the Methodist P^piscopal church, spoke thus of Mr. 
Ketcham ; " He was a notable example of successful endeavor as 
a self made man. He demonstrated the fact that a poor young 
man may lay hold on the possibilities of life and win ; that no 
position was too high but integrity and fidelity may attain it. 
He was always an attentive, respectful, and candid hearer of 
the preached word. He had a broadness of soul that respected 
truth wherever found. He leaves his work, worth, and example 

1242 Edmund Taylor. 

as things to be proud of. He was a grand specimen of an Amer- 
ican citizen. His sympathy for young men struggling for suc- 
cess was remarkable. There was nothing selfish in him, no 
jealousy lest another might surpass him. He desired to bring 
all up to his standard. It is a privilege to mourn for such a man 
— like Caesar — whose good deeds done the state Marc Antony 
emblazoned — he has given the state so much of worth that its 
people love him. His example is one to be followed and his 
death, like his life, is an example to all. His self denial, intense 
labor, integrity, judicial fairness and impartiality commend him 
for imitation. Out of these came a successful life, a triumphant 
death, and a blessed hereafter." Mrs. Ketcham and her son, J. 
M. Ketcham, reside in Grand Rapids, Michigan. 


Edmund Taylor, who was commissioned an associate judge of 
Luzerne county, Pa., January 15, 1850, was a native of Allyng- 
ford, in the county of Herefordshire, England, where he was 
born August 4, 1804. He was the youngest of the fourteen 
children of his father, John Taylor, and was the twelfth son, 
He emigrated to this country with his father's family in 1818, 
and located in this city the same year, where he remained until 
his death, February 8, i88r. He was married, December 28, 
1828, by Rev. Samuel Carver, to Mary Ann, daughter of El- 
nathan Wilson, who was the son of Uriah Wilson, who resided 
near New London, Connecticut. The Wilson family at one time 
owned a great part of the land upon which New London now 
stands. The day Elnathan Wilson was sixteen years of age he 
enlisted in the continental army. A few days after a sergeant's 
squad of twelve men, of whom he was one, were detailed to 
guard a cross-roads where stood an old school house, in which 
the sergeant and his men took up their night's quarters. After 
stationing one of the number at the corner of the roads to look 
out for any straggling enemy that might happen to pass that 

Edmund Taylor. 124; 

way, the rest of the squad had the hard floor to sleep on. El- 
nathan had not yet got hardened to that kind of bed, he was rest- 
less and could not sleep, so he got up just before daybreak and 
told the sentinel that he would relieve him, for he could not sleep 
on the soft side of a board. The sentinel gave him his old mus- 
ket that would not go off, or if it did would not hit a barn door 
five rods off, and went into the school house. He had not stood 
long at his post when he heard the clatter of horses' feet, and 
soon discovered a horseman coming towards him. When he 
came up within a few rods it was just light enough to see that 
the rider, who was jogging slowly along, had on the uniform of 
a British officer, who seemed to be more asleep than awake. Mr. 
Wilson stood behind a post and the officer did not see him till 
he sprang right before the horse, grabbed the bridle rein, and 
shouted to the astonished redcoat to halt, dismount, and surren- 
der or he would blow him through, and then pulled the officer 
off his horse. The men in the school house rushed out and 
escorted their prisoner into their quarters. Mr. Wilson was very 
proud of his first success in war. The horse and trappings were 
valued at one hundred and eighty dollars, which, according to 
usage, belonged to him, but he never received a penny. The 
prisoner in a few hours made his escape, probably by the con- 
nivance of some of the men, who might have been tories and 
willing to take any fee the officer might give for permission to 
escape. In 1787 Elnathan Wilson left his native state and 
removed to Stroudsburg, Pa., where he remained four or five 
years, and then removed to Forty Fort. He employed himself 
at any kind of labor that presented a chance of making money, 
and always had something to do. In those primitive times the 
village of Wilkes-Barre had no better way of getting their salt, 
sugar, molasses, and such heavy articles of household use than 
to send down the> river by boats to pick up their supplies from 
the lower river towns. They had a kind of craft called Durham 
boats, long, slim, low boats, with running planks on each side 
from stem to stern, for the boats were propelled by three or four 
polemen on each side, walking backward and forward the whole 
length of the boat, with the ends of their long ash poles against 
their shoulders, pushing in a bent position with all their might 

1244 Edmund Taylor. 

when loaded and coming up the river in swift water. At the 
stern of the boat was a long oar for steering and keeping the 
boat steady while the polemen were walking up and down. The 
steerman was the captain and a man of no little consequence. 
He had a trumpet or horn — a loud sounding affair that sent its 
musical notes from hill to hill as he approached the towns along 
the river. At the sound of the boat horn all the boys and girls 
within hearing would rush to the river shore, for the sight of a 
Durham boat was as exciting to the juvenile of that day as 
Barnum's circus would be now. Mr. Wilson for a time had an 
interest in one of these boats, and went with it as captain. About 
the time Mr. Wilson was engaged in the boating business a fam- 
ily by the name of Baker removed from Connecticut and settled 
in Forty Fort, near where Mr. Wilson lived. Stephen Baker and 
his wife were members of the first Methodist class in Wyoming, 
at Ross Hill. In Doctor Peck's "Early Methodism" he says : 
"On December 2 (1793), Mr. Colbert is at Stephen Baker's, in 
Kingston, where he preached, and Brother Turck formed four 
bands. Baker lived on the old road between Forty Fort and 
Wilkes-Barre, on what is now called the Church place. This 
was thenceforth a place of resort and rest for the preachers, and 
frequently a preaching place." Mrs. Baker soon after was killed 
by lightning while sitting in her house on the side of her bed. 
Elizabeth Baker, daughter of Stephen Baker, and Elnathan Wil- 
son were married in May, 1798, by Rev. Anning Owen, the first 
Methodist preacher at Wyoming. She was but fifteen years of 
age at the time. Mrs. Baker was a sister of the celebrated 
American traveler, John Ledyard, who sailed around the world 
with Captain Cook, and was on the shore with Cook when he 
was killed by the savages of the Sandwich Islands. He died in 
Cairo, Egypt, while on another trip around the world. In 181 1 
Mr. Wilson leased the old ferry house, about five acres of land 
and the ferry with its equipments of flats and skiffs, for one hun- 
dred dollars per year. He took in the first year three thousand 
dollars, besides his living. He often took in thirty and forty 
dollars a day in summer time. He also kept a hotel. The 
trouble brewing between Great Britain and tin's country, that 
resulted in the war of 1812, caused thousands of families of the 

Edmund Taylor. 1245 

Yankee states to move to the far west, which by the way is not 
the far west of our day. The great bulk of immigration was to 
what was then called "The Holland Purchase," a large piece of 
good land in the western part of the state of New York that had 
been bought many years before by a company of Hollanders 
who now offered it for sale at a low price to settlers. Thousands 
took advantage of this offer, traveling mostly by the route that 
led them to cross the Susquehanna river at Wilkes-Barre. Mr. 
Wilson also had the ferry in 181 2, and took in an additional 
three thousand dollars. At the end of this time travel began to 
decrease, and Mr. Wilson gave up the ferry. He then built a 
store house and dwelling in Kingston and commenced the mer- 
cantile business. Trade was brisk and profits large. The price 
of goods began rapidly to decline after the treaty of peace in 
181 5, and Mr. Wilson disposed of his goods for lumber and car- 
penter work and built a large hotel in Kingston. Three-fourths 
of those in the mercantile business in the valley failed. Mr. Wil- 
son sold his dwelling and store house to Gilbert Lewis and moved 
into the hotel, which was the largest building in Kingston. He 
also built another two-story house and boarded the hands who 
built the large stone house of James Barnes, which is still stand- 
ing across the street a hundred feet below the hotel which Mr. 
Wilson kept. He kept the hotel for several years. Napthali 
Hurlbut also kept a hotel in Kingston at the same time. The 
Wilson house for years was the home of the itinerant Methodist 
preachers. Rev. Benjamin Bidlack, Rev. George Lane, Rev. 
Marmaduke Pearce, Rev. George Peck, and a score of others 
liked, in their travels round their circuits, to stop with brother 
and sister Wilson. He afterwards sold his hotel and other real 
estate in Kingston and moved to the Wilkes-Barre bridge house, 
where he lived until his death. Mr. Wilson was born February 
23, 1762, and died in March, 1837. His wife, Elizabeth Baker, 
was born December 19, 1782, and died October 10, 1840. Their 
daughter, Mary, the wife of Judge Taylor, was born August 1 1, 
1804, and died May, 1883. Judge Taylor in early life connected 
himself with the Methodist Episcopal church, in which he was a 
class leader. In 1838 he joined the Presbyterian church and 
continued in that communion until his death. He learned the 

1246 Joseph Wright Miner. 

saddlers' trade with his brother, Arnold Taylor, in Kingston, 
and he carried on that business in this city from 1828 up to with- 
in a few years of his death. Judge Taylor was treasurer of Lu- 
zerne county from November, 1857, to 1859. He left to survive 
him five children — Thomas Taylor ; Elizabeth, wife of E. H. 
Chase of this city; John Taylor; Bethlehem, Pa.; Edmund 
Taylor, New York; and Mary A. White, wife of Samuel White, 
Lawrence, Massachusetts. 


Angelo Jackson was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., April 1, 1850. (For a sketch of his life see page 538.) 


Joseph Wright Miner was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., August 5, 1850. "Edward III, in going to make war 
against the French, took a progress through Somersett, and coming 
to Mendippi colics minerari Mendippi Hills, in Somersett, where 
lived one Henry Miner his name being taken rather a denominatione 
lo ci ct ab officio, who with all carefullness and loyaltie, having con- 
vened all his domesticall and meniall servants, armed with battle 
axes, profered himself and them to his master's services, making a 
compleat hundred. Wherefore he had his coat armoriall gules, 
signifying miner, red another demonstration of the original of the 
surname a /esse {id est cingulum niilitaire, because obtained by valor,) 
betwixt three plates argent, another demonstration of the arms, 
for there could be no plates without mines." Henry died in 
1359. He had a son William, who had a son Thomas, who 
married in 1399, who had a son Lodowick, died in 1480, who had 
a son Thomas, born in 1436, who had a son William, who had a son 
William, died in 1585, who had a son Clement, died in 1640, who 
was the father of Thomas. He was evidently a man of note and 
influence. Thomas Miner was born in England in 1608, and came 
to Connecticut in 1643. He had a son Clement, born in 1640, died 

Joseph Wright Miner. 1247 

1700, who had a son Clement, born 1663, died 1747, who had a son 
Hugh, born 1710, died 1753, who had a son Seth Miner, born 1742, 
of Norwich, Conn. He was a commissioned officer in the militia, a 
zealous whig, and at the first alarm hastened to Boston with jour- 
neymen and apprentices. A man of strong mind and ardent 
feelings, he entered upon the expedition with zeal, and he used to 
tell of attending General Jedediah Huntington when visiting the 
outposts on Dorchester Heights in the early morning when the 
enemy from the town opened fire from their cannon and several 
times covered them with earth thrown up by the balls. As a 
member of the Connecticut-Delaware Land Company, Seth Mi- 
ner had a claim in the territory so long in dispute between the 
proprietaries of Pennsylvania and the colon)'- and state of Con- 
necticut under the charter of King Charles II, and his son, 
Charles Miner, was deputed to come out to the Susquehanna to 
look after his interests there. Charles Miner was the father of 
William Penn Miner, of the Luzerne bar. (See page 42.) The 
wife of Seth Miner was Anna Charlton. Asher Miner, son of 
Seth Miner, was born in Norwich, Conn., March 3, 1778. He 
served an apprenticeship of seven years in the office of the 
Gazette and Commercial Intelligencer, at New London, Conn., and 
afterwards worked as a journeyman a year in New York. In 1799 
his brother, Charles Miner, who had already pitched his fortunes 
on the semi-savage frontier of Wyoming, wrote to him, "Come 
out here and I will set you up," without having a dollar to make 
good his promise. Nevertheless, Asher Miner migrated to the 
Susquehanna. In 1795 two young men came to Wilkes-Barre 
from Philadelphia with a small press and a few cases of type. 
They printed the Herald of the Times, the first newspaper pub- 
lished in the county. It was issued for a short time and was then 
sold to Thomas Wright, and published by Josiah Wright under 
the name of the Wilkes-Barre Gazette. The first number was 
dated November 29, 1797. In 1801 it ceased to be published. 
Asher Miner worked in the office of the Gazette, and in a short 
time afterward established the Luzerne County Federalist in this 
city, the first number being issued January 5, 1801. In April, 
1802, he took his brother Charles into copartnership, which con- 
tinued until May, 1804, when Asher relinquished his interest to 

1248 Joseph Wright Miner. 

Charles. The press on which the Federalist was printed was 
brought from Norwich on a sled. In severing his connection 
with the Federalist an invitation was given to exchanges to send 
copies to him at Doyles-Town, Pennsylvania, where he had 
already resolved to establish a newspaper. He went immediately 
to Doylestown, where he found (what is now a beautiful town of 
twenty-five hundred inhabitants) a cross-road hamlet with less 
than a dozen dwellings along the Easton road and the road from 
Swede's ford to Coryell's ferry, now State street. The first issue 
of the new paper, Pennsylvania Correspondent and Farmers' Adver- 
tiser, which afterwards became the Bucks County Intelligencer, 
appeared July 7, 1804. Mr. Miner said, in his address to the 
public : "The editor is by birth an American, in principles a federal 
republican. His private sentiments with regard to the adminis- 
tration of the government of his country, he will maintain and 
avow as becomes a freeman. In his public character as conductor 
of the only newspaper printed in the county he will act with that 
impartiality which prudence and duty require." It was a small 
medium sheet, and the appearance of the paper created quite a 
sensation. The first issue was largely given away. It was left 
at a few points in the central part of the county by carriers, 
and subscribers were charged twenty-five cents additional for 
delivering their papers. The aforesaid newspaper proved a 
success, and its founder remained in charge of it twenty-one 
years. Prosperity authorized the enlargement of the paper, in 
July, 1806, from a medium to a royal sheet. On September 
22, 1806, Asher Miner announced that he intended to issue a 
prospectus for a monthly magazine, literary, moral and agricul- 
tural, which probably was never published. For several years 
the advertising was light, but there was a notable increase be- 
tween 1 8 1 5 and 1820. In 1816, when preparations were making 
to commence the publication of the Doylestown Democrat, Mr. 
Miner protested against it in an address to the public, which he 
thought "may not be ill-timed," on the ground that the parties 
were nearly equally divided and a party paper was not needed. 
In the spring of 18 16 Mr. Miner contemplated publishing a 
"monthly literary and agricultural register," to be called the 
Olive Branch, and sent out his subscription papers, but as they 

Joseph Wright Miner. 1249 

were not returned with enough names to warrant it, the project 
was given up. In April, 1817, he opened a branch office at New- 
town in charge of Simon Siegfried. He proposed to issue from 
that office a weekly paper, to be called The Star of Freedom, to be 
devoted principally to "agricultural, biographical, literary and 
moral matters." The first number appeared May 21, 181 7. This 
was a movement to keep competition out of the county. A 
printer at Newtown had a pamphlet in press for the Friends, but 
being intemperate, he failed to meet his contract, and gave up 
business. Miner sent Siegfried, an apprentice in his office, down 
to finish the work. This led to the purchase of the materials and 
the establishment of a paper there. The size was eighteen by 
eleven and a half inches, and consisted of eight pages. It was 
published weekly, "at $2 per annum if taken from the office, or 
S2.25 if delivered by post." It contained little news and but few 
advertisements. The publication was suspended April 7, 1818. 
Mr. Miner was postmaster of Doylestown several years, and kept 
the office at the printing office, and he had also a small book 
store, where he kept various articles for sale besides, and among 
them physic in the shape of "antiseptic pills," which he retailed. 
He gave up the post office in March, 1821. In 1818 the name 
of the paper was changed to Pennsylvania Correspondent, making 
one line reaching entirely across the head. On September 24, 
1824, after an active editorial life of twenty years, Mr. Miner sold 
the Correspondent to Edward Morris and Samuel R. Kramer, of 
Philadelphia. The sale was hardly concluded before he repented 
and begged to have it annulled, but did not succeed. Mr. Miner 
removed from Doylestown to West Chester, Pa., and formed a 
partnership with his brother Charles in the publication of the 
Village Record. In 1834 they sold out to the late Henry S. 
Evans, when the brothers returned to Wilkes-Barre, where Asher 
Miner died March 13, 1841. He was a devout christian and a 
member of the Presbyterian church. Asher Miner was an able 
writer and besides a prominent business man. He had the fac- 
ulty of making friends, and when once made they were retained. 
The wife of Asher Miner, whom he married May 19, 1800, 
was Mary Wright, a daughter of Thomas Wright, born in county 
Down, Ireland, in 1747, a wealthy merchant and land owner of 

1250 Joseph Wright Miner. 

Wilkes-Barre. Thomas Wright was a good-looking young Irish- 
man, who, landing at Philadelphia about 1763, was soon in charge 
of a school at Dyerstown, two miles north of Doylestown. Se- 
curing a home in the family of Josiah Dyer, he taught the rudi- 
ments of English to the children of the neighborhood and love 
to Mary, the daughter of his host. One day they slipped off to 
Philadelphia and were married, which relieved the case of a deal 
of difficulty, for in that day Friends could not consent to the 
marriage of their daughters out of meeting. Mr. Wright in a few 
years removed to Wilkes-Barre, and became the founder of 
Wrightsville, now the borough of Miner's Mills. He built a mill 
there in 1795, which has been in the possession of his descend- 
ants since — 2, Asher Miner; 3, Robert Miner; 4, C. A. Miner; 
5, Asher Miner — five generations. In 1795, 1796, 1800 and 1801 
Thomas Wright was one of the commissioners of Luzerne county, 
and was one at the time the early court house and jail was erected. 
The following is a copy of the marriage certificate of Asher 
Miner and Mary Wright. The original is in the possession of 
Hon. Charles A. Miner, their grandson. General William Ross, 
who performed the marriage ceremony was a justice of the peace 
in this city, and was the grandfather of Mrs. Charles A. Miner. 

"This may certify that Asher Miner and Mary Wright, both 
of Wilkes-Barre, having the consent of friends and no objections 
appearing, were joined in marriage, each to the other, before me, 
on the nineteenth day of May, one thousand eight hundred. 

Witness my hand and seal. 

WM. ROSS, [L. S.] 
In presence of the undersigned witnesses. 

Thomas Wright, Mary Wright, 

Joseph Wright, Josiah Wright, 

William Wright, Thomas Wright, Jr., 

Lord Butler, William Caldwell, 

Roswell Wells, Benjamin Drake, 

Luther Wright, Hannah Weill, 

Eliza Ross, Sarah Wright, 

Anna Wright. 
In confirmation whereof they have hereunto set their hands, 
she, according to the custom of marriage, assuming the name of 
her husband. 


Joseph Wright Miner. 125 i 

Mr. and Mrs. Miner had a family of thirteen children. His 
eldest son was the late Thomas Wright Miner, M. D., of this city. 
His next eldest son, Robert Miner, was the father of Hon. Charles 
A. Miner, of this city. His twelfth child was Joseph W. Miner, 
who became a member of the Luzerne bar. J. W. Miner was 
born at Doylestown January 29, 1825, and was the son of Asher 
Miner. He read law with Harrison Wright, in this city. During 
the Mexican war he was a member of Company I, First Regi- 
ment Pennsylvania Volunteers, going as fourth sergeant and 
returning as first lieutenant. In 1853, in connection with his 
cousin, William P. Miner, he established the Record of the Times 
newspaper. Mr. Miner was an unmarried man, and died in Plains 
township February 5, 1859. 

Robert Miner, a brother of J. W. Miner, was the third child 
and second son of Asher Miner, and was born in Doylestown 
August 8, 1805. At the age of fourteen years his father had so 
much confidence in his ability, which was inspired by his un- 
common seriousness and stability of character, that he sent him 
to Wilkes Barre to take charge of his agricultural, milling and 
mining interests in the Wyoming valley. During the following 
year, while visiting a camp meeting near Kingston, the opportu- 
nity his serious and religious nature longed for presented itself, 
and he joined the Methodist Episcopal church. Doctor Peck, in 
his History of Pearly Methodism, says: "Robert Miner, son of 
Asher Miner, Esq., was a beautiful little boy when he was con- 
verted and united with the church ; but even then he had about 
him the gravity and the dignity of mature years. He was a de- 
voted and consistent christian, and for years class leader and 
steward in the Wilkes-Barre charge. He died in great triumph 
in the prime of life, and was universally lamented. He was one 
of the few of whom no one ever said anything but good." He 
married, January 3, 1826, Eliza Abbott, a daughter of Stephen 
Abbott, of Wilkes-Barre (now Plains) township. Charles Miner, 
in his Hazleton Travellers, has the following in regard to the 
Abbott family : 

"On the other side of the river, opposite Forty Fort, lives Ste- 
phen Abbott, a respectable and independent farmer. His father, 
John Abbott, was an early settler in Wyoming. There was one 

1252 Joseph Wright Miner. 

cannon, a four-pounder, in the Wilkes-Barre fort, and it had been 
agreed upon that, when certain information came that the enemy 
was dangerously near, the gun should be fired as a signal. At 
work on the flats, with his son, a lad eight or nine years old, he 
heard the terrific sound come booming up. Where, or how near the 
enemy might be, of course he could not tell; but loosening the 
oxen from the cart, he hastened to the rendezvous. He was in 
the battle, and fought side by side with his fellows to defend their 
homes. It makes my heart bleed to recur, as in these sketches 
I am obliged to do so often, to the retreat of our people. Again 
and again I aver there was no dishonor in it. I do not believe a 
braver or more devoted set of men ever marched forth to battle ; 
but remember, a great part of the fighting men, those fit for war, 
raised for the defence of Wyoming, were away, defending the 
country, to be sure — fighting in the thrice glorious cause of inde- 
pendence, most certainly — but leaving their own homes wholly 
exposed, so that our little army was made up of such of the set- 
tlement as were left, who could carry a gun, however unfit to 
meet the practiced and warlike savage, and the well trained 
rangers of the British Butler. Mr. Abott took his place in the 
ranks. He had a wife and nine children (the eldest boy being 
only eleven) depending on his protection, labor and care. If a 
man so circumstanced had offered his services to Washington, 
the general would have said, 'My friend, I admire your spirit and 
patriotism, but your family cannot dispense with your services 
without suffering — your duty to them is too imperious to per- 
mit you to leave them, even to serve your country.' Such 
would have been the words of truth and soberness. But the 
emergency allowed no exemption. In the retreat Mr. Abbott fled 
to the river at Monocasy Island, waded over to the main branch, 
and, not being able to swim, was aided by a friend and escaped. 
In the expulsion which followed, taking his family he went down 
the Susquehanna as far as Sunbury. What could he do ? Home, 
harvest, cattle — all hopes of provision for present and future use 
were at Wyoming. Like a brave man who meets danger and 
struggles to overcome it — like a faithful husband and fond father 
— he looked on his dependent family and made his resolve. Mr. 
Abbott returned in hopes of securing a part of his excellent har- 

Joseph Wright Miner. 1253 

vest which he had left ripening in his fields. I am somewhat 
more particular in mentioning this, my friend, for I wish, as you 
take an interest in this matter, to impress this important fact upon 
your mind — that our people, though sorely struck, though suffer- 
ing under a most bloody and disastrous defeat, did not lie down 
idly in despair without an effort to sustain themselves. No ; the 
same indomitable spirit which they had manifested in overcoming 
previous difficulties still actuated them. Mr. Abbott came back, 
determined, if possible, to save from his growing abundance the 
means of subsistence. He went upon the flats to work with 
Isaac Williams. Mr. Abbott and Mr. Williams were ambushed 
by the savages, and both murdered and scalped. There is a 
ravine on the upper part of the plantation of Mr. Hollenback, 
above Mill Creek, where they fell. All hope was now extin- 
guished, and Mrs. Abbott (her maiden name was Alice Fuller), 
with a broken heart, set out with her nine children (judge ye how 
helpless and destitute !) to find their way to Hampton, an eastern 
town in Connecticut, whence they had emigrated. Their loss 
was total. House burnt, barn burnt, harvests all devastated, cat- 
tle wholly lost, valuable title papers destroyed — nothing saved 
from the desolating hand of savage ruin and tory vengeance. 
' God tempers the wind to the shorn lamb.' They had between 
two and three hundred miles to travel, through a country where 
patience and charity had been already nearly exhausted by 
the great number of applicants for relief. But they were sus- 
tained, and, arrived at their native place, the family was sepa- 
rated, and found homes and employment among the neighboring 
farmers. Here they dwelt for several years, until the boys, grown 
to manhood, were able to return, claim the patrimonial lands, 
again to raise the cottage and the byre, and once more to gather 
mother and children around the domestic hearth, tasting tHe^ 
charms of independence and the blessings of home." 

"An interesting case, most certainly. Besides the loss of ^ 
father, the direct loss of property must have been considerable — 
more than a thousand dollars, I should suppose. I confess it 
appears to me very- plain, that the continental congress, having 
drawn away the men of war raised for the defence of Wyoming, 
thereby brought down the enemy on a defenceless place, and 

1254 Joseph Wright Miner. 

were the cause of its sufferings and losses, and that the national 
government is, therefore, by every consideration of justice and 
honor, though late postponed, bound to make good to the suffer- 
ers the losses sustained. Did you say that Mrs. Abbott, the 
widow, also returned?" 

"Yes, and long occupied the farm where her husband fell. She 
was afterwards married to a man whose name was known as 
widely as the extent of the settlement; a shrewd man, a great 
reader, very intelligent, distinguished far and near for the sharp- 
ness of his wit, the keenness of his sarcasm, the readiness of his 
repartees, and the cutting pungency of his satire ; withal not un- 
amiable, for in the domestic circle he was kind and clever, and 
she lived happily with him. But his peculiar talent being known 
for many years, every wit and witling of the country 'round about 
thought he must break a lance with him. Constantly assailed, 
tempted daily 'to the sharp encounter,' armed at all points like 
the 'fretful porcupine,' cut and thrust, he became expert from 
practice as he was gifted by nature for that species of warfare. 
All the old people, in merry mood, can tell of onslaught and 
overthrow of many a hapless wight who had the temerity to pro- 
voke a shaft from the quiver of old Mr. Stephen Gardiner." 

"You began by speaking of Mr. Stephen Abbott. Did he 
marry before he returned from Connecticut, or did he take a 
Wyoming girl to wife — a daughter, as he was the son, of one 
of the revolutionary patriots?" 

'You shall hear. He married a Searle. Having resettled on 
the patrimonial property, a fruitful soil, industry and economy 
brought independence in their train. Could you look upon the 
expelled orphan boy of 1778, pattering along, his little footsteps 
beside his widowed mother and the other orphan children, as they 
were flying from the savage, and contrast his then seemingly 
hopeless lot with the picture now presented, you would say, ' It 
is well.' In a very neat white house himself, his four children 
living near, each also occupies a white house, all of which are the 
abodes of agricultural independence and comfort. Mr. Abbott 
has a second wife, having married Sarah a daughter of Colonel 
Nathan Denison. Now past seventy, the old gentleman enjoys ex- 
cellent health. The canal passes through his farm, and a coal mine 

Joseph Wright Miner. 1255 

opened near its banks yields him a revenue equal to every rea- 
sonable desire. Long may they live to enjoy it." 

The Hazletoh Travelers also contains the following in relation 
to the Searle family : 

"In reply to your question, I said that Mr. Stephen Abbott 
married a Searle — Abigail, daughter of William Searle, who was 
the son of Constant Searle. The last named (Mrs. Abbott's grand- 
father) was in the battle. He was a man advanced in age, having 
several sons and daughters married, and being the grandfather of 
a number of children." 

"What! Old men! Grandfathers! Were such obliged to 
go out ?" 

"They were; the able-bodied men, fit for war, being marched 
away, the direful necessity was created which drew to the battle- 
field old and young. Mr. Searle was there, and a son of his, 
Roger Searle, quite a young man. His son-in-law, Captain 
Deathic Hewett, commanded the third company raised at Wyo- 
ming, by order of congress, a very short time before the invasion. 
So there were three of the family in the engagement; and the 
fourth (William Searle) would also have been there, but was at the 
time confined to the house by a wound received from a rifle shot 
while on a scouting party a few days previous to the battle. How 
unsuitable it was that a man like old Mr. Searle should go out 
will further appear from the fact that he wore a wig, as was not 
unusual with aged men in. those days. The bloody savages, in 
their riotous joy after their victory, made this wig a source of 
great merriment. A prisoner (adopted, I have reason to think, 
after the Indian fashion) was painted and then permitted to go 
down from Wintermoot's to Forty Fort, under a guard, to take 
leave of his mother. When near the brook that runs by Colonel 
Denison's he saw a group of savages in high glee. On coming 
nearer he beheld an Indian on a colt, with a rope for a bridle, 
having on his head, hind side before, the wig of Mr. Searle. The 
colt would not go, and one of the wretches pricked him with his 
spear; he sprang suddenly, the Indian fell on one side, the wig 
on the other, and the demons raised a yell of delight. Mr. Searle, 
before he went out to battle, took off a pair of silver knee buckles 
which he wore — gave them to his family, saying they might im- 

1256 Joseph Wright Miner. 

pede his movements ; if he fell, he would not need, and if he 
returned, he could get them. There was evidently a strong pre- 
sentiment on his mind — 'I go to return no more.' The foregoing 
incident I find myself reluctant to relate; it appears like awakening 
light thoughts in the midst of anguish, sorrow and despair ; but 
it seems proper that those things should be set forth which make 
deep impressions of material facts, and I deem it a very important 
matter, in considering the battle, the defeat, and the present claim 
of our people, to show that old men, unfit for war, were, by the 
necessity of the case, forced into the field against trained, youth- 
ful and expert warriors. The very young also were there. Roger 
Searle, the son of Constant, a young man of eighteen or nineteen, 
stood by the side of William Buck, a lad of fourteen; they fought 
together, Buck fell, and Searle escaped. William Searle, Mrs. 
Abbott's father, went out through the wilderness with the family, 
having twelve women and children under his care. I have seen 
a memorandum book kept by him. It runs thus: 'Battle of 
Westmoreland, July 3, 1778. Capitulation ye 4th. Prisoners 
obtained liberty to leave the settlement ye 7th.' It proceeds to the 
25th, when they arrived at their former residence in Stonington, 
Connecticut. On the 13th they got to Fort Perm, on the Dela- 
ware, and here they received from Colonel Stroud a pass and 
recommendation, a copy of which may not be unacceptable as a 
memorial of old times :" 

"'Permit the bearers, Serg't Wm. Searle with twelve women 
and children, in company with him, to pass unmolested to some 
part of the State of Connecticut, where they may be able, by their 
industry, to obtain an honest living, they being part of the un- 
happy people drove off from Wyoming by the Tories and Indians, 
and are truly stripped and distressed, and their circumstances 
call for the -charity of all Christian people ; and are especially 
recommended by me to all persons in authority, civil and mili- 
tary, and to all continental officers and commissaries, to issue 
provisions and other necessaries for their relief on the road. 

" 'Given under my hand at Fort Penn, July 14, 1778. 

" 'Jacob Stroud, Col.' 

"Four of the name, to wit, Roger, William, Constant and Miner 
Searle, were forty- five years ago among the most intelligent and 

Joseph Wright Minek. 1257 

influential citizens upon the Lackawanna, but they all departed in 
mid-life. Constant, who was in the battle, died at Providence, Pa., 
August 4, 1804, aged 45 years. Their descendants retain, or 
possess, several of the most valuable farms in old Westmoreland, 
while one at least, whom we could name, from a female branch 
of the family, is winning his way to distinction in an arduous and 
honorable profession." 

Robert Miner was engaged at the mill of his father at Wrights- 
ville for several years after his marriage. It had burned down 
either early in 1826 or late in 1825, and Mr. Miner rebuilt it for 
his father. In 1833, in connection with Eleazer Carey, Mr. 
Miner purchased the Wyoming Herald newspaper. These gen- 
tlemen conducted the paper until 1835, at which time it was 
merged in the Wyoming Republican, which was then published 
in Kingston. The Hazleton Coal Company was incorporated 
March 18, 1836. From Mr. Miner's diary we have the following: 

"1836, Nov. 1. Came to Hazleton to be clerk for company on 
trial ; no terms fixed. Board at the old Drumheller house tavern 
kept by Lewis Davenport. The company's office is the lower 
room of an addition built on the east end of old house. Railroad 
located and contracts just assigned. Village laid out. 

"Nov. 10, 1836. Town lots were laid out and sold by com- 
pany. Wages offered for 'good hands' are : $16.00 a month with 
board on Sundays. Fresh pork is, by the hog, 8c; corn meal, 
$i.l2j4] rye chop, $1.25 ; Oats, 50c. ; coal, $1.75 ton. 

"1837. First dwelling put up and occupied by Chas. Edson ; 
lot No. 9, sq. 11. Then by S. Yost, F. Santee, T. Peeler. Store 
and house by L H. and J. Ingham. R. Miner; Hotel. 

"4th of July (1837), moved my family from Wyoming valley 
— Plains — to Hazleton, in house I have just finished on corner 
of Broad and Poplar streets. 

" L. Davenport moved to hotel 23d October, W. Apple taking 
the old house. 

"First birth of child in Hazleton Oct. 9 — W. Apple's, born in 
house at junction of old state road and turnpike — daughter. 2d, 
child of F. Santee, blacksmith. 3d, my son — John Howard Miner. 

"First corpse interred in grave yard was wife of Th. B. Worth- 
ington, in the fall of 1837. 

1258 Joseph Wright Miner. 

"Locomotive 'Hazleton' first one on the railroad." 
The position of Mr. Miner at Hazleton was secretary of the 
Hazleton Coal Company. He kept the books, paid out money, 
and made purchases. The company commenced shipping coal 
in May, 1837, Mr. Miner, secretary, and A. Pardee, superinten- 
dent. This continued until 1840, when the firm of Pardee, Miner 
& Company was formed. The company part of the firm was Mr. 
Hunt, a miner. They mined coal by contract and delivered it 
into boats at Penn Haven. Mr. Miner's health failed in 1841, 
when Mr. Pardee bought him out, and he removed to his old 
home in Plains township. The next year Mr. Hunt's health also 
failed, and Mr. Pardee bought him out also. After that J. G. Fell 
came in, and the firm of Pardee & Co. was formed. In No- 
vember, 1842, Mr. Miner had business of importance to at- 
tend to in Easton and Philadelphia. He traveled in a private 
carriage with his brother, Joseph W. Miner, and they returned 
home December 9. That night Robert Miner was taken vio- 
lently ill and died before morning. He has been described as of 
"peculiar and substantial worth," "at all times cheerful and 
happy, with power to raise those emotions in others. His life was 
an exemplification of tho true greatness to which many may attain 
through a mastery over self. His piety, charity and urbanity 
became a part of his existence ; to do good to his fellow creatures 
was the pleasure of his life." " He was polite without show, 
charitable without ostentation, and religious without bigotry." 
"In business he was punctual and exact, and such was the bur- 
then he took upon himself in whatever he engaged in, that those 
coming after him found little to do." This is the description 
given of him by one who appeared to have known him long and 
had an extended intercourse with him. In an obituary notice 
by Rev. J. Seys he is spoken of as having manifested "from a 
child one of the mildest and most amiable dispositions," and as 
being "admired and loved by all who knew him." Mr. Miner 
had three children, only one of whom, Charles Abbot Miner, sur- 
vives. The other two died in infancy. Helen Elizabeth lived 
less than a year, and John Howard died at the age of six years. 
Charles A. Miner was born in Plains township August 30, 
1830, and received his education at the academy in this city and 

Joseph Wright Miner. 1259 

at West Chester, Pa. Since attaining his majority he has been 
engaged in the milling business. The first grist mill erected at 
Wrightsville, now the borough of Miner's Mills, was built by Mr. 
Miner's great-grandfather, Thomas Wright. His partner is his 
son, Asher Miner. Mr. Miner has been connected with most of 
the successful business enterprises of Wilkes-Barre. For fifteen 
years he has been the president of the Coalville (Ashley) Passen- 
ger Railway Company, and for twenty years a director. For 
fifteen years he was president of the board of directors of the 
Wilkes-Barre City Hospital. . He was president for eleven years 
of the Wilkes-Barre and Harry Hillman academy in this city. 
For twenty-one years he has been a director of the Wyoming 
National bank. He was also a director in the People's bank of 
this city. He is a vestryman in St. Stephen's Protestant Epis- 
copal church. He is chairman of the committee on legislation 
and taxation in the Wilkes-Barre Board of Trade, and a director 
and member of the executive committee of the Wilkes-Barre City 
Hospital. For a number of years he was a member of the city 
council of Wilkes-Barre, and has been president of that body. 
He has been president of the Luzerne County Agricultural So- 
ciety and of the Pennsylvania Millers' State Association, and in 
1873 he represented this state as honorary commissioner at the 
world's exhibition at Vienna, Austria. From 1875 to 1880 he 
represented this city in the legislature of the state. In 1881 he 
was the candidate of the republican party of the county for state 
senate, but was defeated by Eckley B. Coxe. Wilkes-Barre con- 
tains no more popular citizen within its limits that Mr. Miner. 
He married, January 19, 1853, Eliza Ross Atherton, a daughter 
of Elisha Atherton (see page 528) and his wife, Caroline Ross 
Maffet. (See page 295.) Mr. and Mrs. Miner have a family of 
four children — Asher Miner, a partner of his father in the milling 
business — was educated at the Wilkes-Barre academy and Wil- 
liston seminary, Easthampton, Mass.; Elizabeth Miner ; Sidney 
Robie Miner, a graduate of Harvard university in the class of 
1888, now a law student in the office of L. D. and R. C. Shoe- 
maker; and Charles Howard Miner, a student at Princeton uni- 
versity in the class of 1890. 

1260 Arnold Colt Lewis. 


Arnold Colt Lewis, who was admitted to the Luzerne county 
bar August 5, 1850, was a descendant of Hon. William Lewis, 
of Philadelphia, being his great-grandson. (See page 817.) His 
grandfather was Josiah Lewis, and his father was the late Sharp 
Delaney Lewis, a native of Philadelphia, where he was born Jan- 
uary 2, 1805, who was a printer by' trade, a knowledge of which 
craft he acquired in the office of Samuel Maffett, publisher of the 
Susquehanna Register. From 1824 to 1831 S. D. Lewis, in con- 
nection with Chester A. Colt, published the Susquehanna Demo- 
crat, in this city. In 1832 Mr. Lewis established the Wyoming 
Republican, in Kingston, and edited it with ability until 1837, 
when the press and material was sold to Dr. Thomas W. Miner, 
who removed it to Wilkes-Barre. Stewart Pearce, in his "Annals 
of Luzerne County," says : "We feel that we hazard nothing in 
saying that the Republican, from its birth until its death, was one 
of the best and most ably conducted papers in the county, and 
no one can peruse its old files without lively interest and admi- 
ration." In 1843 Mr. Lewis purchased the Wilkes-Barre Advo- 
cate and continued to publish it until 1853, when he sold the 
paper to W. P. and Joseph W. Miner,, who changed the name to 
The Record of the Times. "The History of Wyoming," by Isaac 
Chapman, a resident of the valley, was printed and published at 
Wilkes-Barre in 1830, by S. D. Lewis. It contains two hundred 
and nine pages. It is of the 12 mo. style, and is rarely met 
with. For a country publication of nearly sixty years ago, it 
exhibits a fair degree of mechanical skill in respect both to print- 
ing and binding. From 1847 to 1849 Mr. Lewis was treasurer 
of Luzerne county. He was also a justice of the peace and 
alderman in this city for many years. He was also a prominent 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church. He was a trustee 
and class leader of the Franklin street M. E. church, and was 
also a local preacher. In 1835 he was elected a justice of the 
peace for the townships of Dallas, Kingston, and Plymouth. The 
wife of S. D. Lewis, and the mother of Arnold C. Lewis, was 

Caleb Franklin Bowman. 1261 

Mary B. Colt, a daughter of Arnold Colt. (See page 495.) He 
married for a second wife Deborah Chahoon, the widow of Anning 
O. Chahoon, and the daughter of Joseph Slocum, of this city. S. 
D. Lewis died in this city. Arnold Colt Lewis, son of S. D. Lewis, 
was born in this city, March 2, 1829. He read law with E. G. Mal- 
lery, in this city. Soon after his admission to the bar he went to 
California, where he was an associate judge at Mokelumne Hill. 
He enlisted in the Mexican war in Company I, First Regiment, 
Pennsylvania Volunteers. He was first sergeant, and returned with 
his company at the close of the war as second lieutenant. Dur- 
ing the late civil war he was major of the Forty-sixth Regiment, 
Pennsylvania volunteers. For a punishment given to one of the 
men of his regiment he was shot by him at Darnellstown, Mary- 
land, September 22, 1861. Mr. Lewis established, in 1859, the 
Pittston Free Press. It had a short existence of a few months. 
He subsequently removed to Catasauqua, Pa., where he was 
elected burgess in i860. He was also postmaster. He also 
edited the Catasauqua Herald. He married, March 19, 1861, 
Amanda M. Rohn, a daughter of William and Sarah Rohn. Mr. 
and Mrs. Lewis had one son — Arnold Rohn Lewis — who mar- 
ried Clara M. Hersh, a daughter of Franklin and Emma Hersh. 


Caleb Franklin Bowman, who was admitted to the bar of Lu- 
zerne county, Pa., August 5, 1850, was a native of Berwick, Co- 
lumbia county, Pa., where he was born February 21, 1822. He 
was a descendant of George Christopher Bauman and his wife, 
Susan Banks. (See pages 695 and 713.) A tradition in the fam- 
ily is that the Baumans or Bowmans were German-Swiss, who 
emigrated to Alsace — a province recently ceded by France to 
Germany, to which it anciently belonged — and that they finally 
settled in Prussia ; first at Weisbaden, on the Rhine, and subse- 
quently at Ems, on the Lahn. Rev. Thomas Bowman, son of 
Christopher Bowman, was born in Bucks county, Pa., December 

1262 Caleb Franklin Bowman. 

6, 1760. In 1782 he married Mary Freas, a young lady residing 
in the neighborhood of the old Bowman farm in Northampton 
county. When five children were born to them he resolved to 
remove to the interior of the state. Accordingly, in April, 1793, 
he and his family left the old farm at Mount Bethel, travelling by 
wagon by way of Nazareth, Lehighton and Mauch Chunk, to 
make their new home under trying disadvantages in a wilderness 
country. Upon their arrival in Briar Creek, in Columbia county, 
they occupied, temporarily, a log house situated upon the public 
road leading from Berwick to Orangeville. At this time Rev. 
Thomas Bowman was a local preacher. He was accustomed to 
take his horse and saddle-bags and traverse the country from 
Canada to Baltimore, preaching the Saviour of men in the settle- 
ments and villages along the Susquehana river, and not unfre- 
quently he was long delayed from home at various places, con- 
ducting revivals, gathering converts, organizing societies, visiting 
from house to house, and so helping to plant the church of his 
choice abroad the land from lake to sea. He was ordained a reg- 
ular preacher at Forty Fort by Bishop Asbury July 19, 1807. 
Soon after he helped to build the Methodist Episcopal Briar 
Creek stone church, the first and only edifice within a hundred 
miles of the place at the time. He died at the age of sixty-three 
years April 9, 1823. His wife died July 4, 1829. Jesse Bow- 
man, son of Thomas Bowman, was born in 1788, married Anna 
Brown, of Berwick, in 1809, and died October 30, 1880. In 1842 
he visited England. He was recognized as a pioneer in the mat- 
ter of giving his children a classical education, being among the 
first in all that community. He was elected a member of the 
board of trustees of Dickinson college in 1847, which position 
he held until 1 857, when he resigned. He was director of a state 
bank in Danville, and afterwards also of the National bank of 
Berwick. In 1839 he was appointed a justice of the peace by 
Governor Wolf, which appointment was for life, or "so long 
as he should behave himself well." He was also a captain 
in the state militia. He contributed largely to the erection of the 
Methodist Episcopal church in Berwick, and also contributed 
largely to the erection of other churches. He was a class leader 
for about sixty years. Anna Brown Bowman, wife of Jesse Bow- 

Daniel Rankin. 1263 

man, was born March 25, 1 791 , and was the second child born 
in Berwick. She was the daughter of Bobert Brown, a native of 
Norwich, England, and Mrs. Mary Barrett {nee Macintosh), a 
native of the north of Ireland. Mrs. Bowman was the first per- 
son married in Berwick. She died December 31, 1876. Bishop 
Thomas Bowman is the nephew of Jesse Bowman. Caleb F. 
Bowman, son of Jesse Bowman, was educated at the academy at 
Berwick and at Harford academy, in Susquehanna county, Pa. He 
read law with James Armstrong, at Williamsport, Pa. Soon after 
his admission to the Lycoming county bar he removed to Potts- 
ville, Pa., and opened an office there. He subsequently came to this 
county and opened an office in Pittston, and in the course of a 
year he removed to this city, where he resided and continued in 
the pursuit of his profession to the time of his death, January 25, 
1874. In 1872, in company with his wife, he visited England, 
Ireland, Belgium, Prance, Germany, Switzerland and Italy. As 
a man of business he was successful, and most scrupulously 
honest. He was for many years clerk of the old borough coun- 
cil. He married, December 8, 1846, Isabella \V. Tallman, of 
Williamsport. She is the daughter of the late Jeremiah Tallman, 
a civil engineer and surveyor, a native of New Jersey, and his 
wife, Maria Brown, a native of White Deer valley, Pa. They 
resided for many years in Williamsport, and were a prominent and 
prosperous family. The late General Samuel M. Bowman, of the 
United States Volunteers, was a brother of Caleb F. Bowman. 
Mr. and Mrs. Bowman had no children. 


Daniel Rankin was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., August 7, 1850. He was originally from Montgomery 
county, Pa. Pie removed to Providence, now a portion of the 
city of Scranton, and was a journeyman tailor. He read law in 
Providence with Charles H. Silkman. In 1858 he was a candi- 

1264 Courts. 

date for the legislature on the democratic ticket, but was defeated. 
At the organization of the mayor's court in Scranton he was 
elected the clerk of that court. His wife was Sarah A. Chapin, 
of Wyoming, Pa. He left one son to survive him — Foster 
Rankin — who died February 19, 1889. 

On April 15, 185 1, an act entitled "An act to provide for the 
election of judges of the several courts of this commonwealth, 
and to regulate certain judicial districts," was passed, and in its 
last section constituted the eleventh judicial district out of the 
counties of Luzerne, Wyoming, Montour, and Columbia. Under 
the provisions of this act Judge Conyngham was elected presi- 
dent of the district, and was commissioned, November 6, 185 1, 
for the term of ten years, from the first Monday of December, 
1851. He was reelected in the year 1861, and was recommis- 
sioned for a further period of ten years. In the meantime Mon- 
tour had been annexed to the eighth district, and the counties of 
Columbia, Sullivan, and Wyoming had been erected into a sepa- 
rate district — the twenty-sixth. Thus in 1856 Luzerne became 
a separate judicial district, with Judge Conyngham as president 
judge. By act of June 27, 1864, Luzerne was authorized, at the 
next election, to elect an "additional judge," learned in the law. 
He was required to possess the same qualifications, hold his office 
by the same tenure, was given the same power, authority and 
jurisdiction, was subject to the same duties, penalties and pro- 
visions, and was to receive the same compensation as the presi- 
dent judge. The governor was directed to appoint until the 
election, etc. Under this act Henry M. Hoyt, since elected gov- 
ernor, was appointed to and held the office of additional judge 
until the first Monday of December, 1867. In the fall election 
Edmund L. Dana was elected, and was commissioned for the 
term of ten years from the first Monday of December, 1867. 
Judge Conyngham resigned in the summer of 1870, and on July 
8, 1870, Garrick M. Harding was appointed and commissioned 
president judge in his stead. He took the required oath on Jul)- 

Courts. 1265 

12, 1870. He was elected in the fall, and on November 4, 1870, 
was commissioned as president judge for the term of ten years 
from the first Monday of December, 1870. The changes wrought 
by the constitution of 1874, so far as they are material here, are 
as follows : 

"Whenever a county shall contain forty thousand inhabitants 
it shall constitute a separate judicial district, and shall elect one 
judge, learned in the law ; and the general assembly shall pro- 
vide for additional judges as the business of the said district may 
require. * * •* " 

"All judges required to be learned in the law, except the judges 
of the Supreme Court, shall be elected by the qualified electors 
of the respective districts over which they are to preside. * * * " 

"Any vacancy happening by death, etc., or otherwise, in any 
court of record, shall be filled by appointment by the governor, 
to continue till the first Monday of January next succeeding the 
first general election, which shall occur three or more months 
after the happening of such vacancy." 

"The general assembly shall, at the next session after the 
adoption of this constitution, designate the several judicial dis- 
tricts, as required by this constitution, etc." 

"The general assembly shall, at the the next succeeding ses- 
sion after each decennial census, and not oftener, designate the 
several judicial districts, as required by this constitution." 

"Judges learned in the law of any court of record, holding 
commissions in force at the adoption of this constitution, shall 
hold their respective offices until their successors shall be duly 

"After the expiration of the term of any president judge of any 
Court of Common Pleas, in commission at the adoption of this 
constitution, the judge of such court, learned in the law, and old- 
est in commission, shall be president judge thereof, * * * but 
when the president judge of a court shall be reelected, he shall 
continue to be president judge of that court." 

As has already appeared, Judge Harding as president judge 
and Judge Dana as additional judge were in commission at the 
adoption of the constitution. The act of April 9, 1874, desig- 
nated Luzerne as composing the eleventh district, authorized the 

1266 Courts. 

election of another additional judge, learned in the law, at the 
next general election, and provided for the election of a successor 
to the additional judge already in commission, when his term 
should expire. At the first election held after the passage of 
this act John Handley was elected additional judge, and in pur- 
suance of the provisions of the general act of April 30, 1874, 
was commissioned for the term of ten years from the first Mon- 
day of January, 1875. At the general election in 1877, William 
H. Stanton was elected as a successor to Judge Dana, whose 
term was about expiring, and was commissioned for the term of 
ten years from the first Monday of January, 1878. Hence, at 
the time of the erection of the county of Lackawanna, Hon. 
Garrick M. Harding was president, and Hon. John Handley and 
Hon. William H. Stanton were additional judges of the Court of 
Common Pleas of the district. The act of April 17, 1878, pro- 
vided for the division of and the erection of a new county out 
of any county containing one hundred and fifty thousand inhab- 
itants. Section thirteen of the act provided that the judicial, sen- 
atorial, and representative districts shall remain the same, and 
that the judges of the several courts of said county, or a major- 
ity, shall meet and organize the courts thereof. The county of 
Lackawanna was erected under the provisions of this act. The 
election was held August 13, 1878, and the final proclamation of 
the governor was made August 21, 1878. Notwithstanding the 
express provisions of section thirteen of the act, it was claimed 
that, as the new county had more than forty thousand inhabit- 
ants, it became at once a separate judicial district. Recognizing 
this claim, Governor Hartranft, August 22, 1878, appointed and 
commissioned Benjamin S. Bentley president judge of the new 
county, who proceeded to open the court at the time designated 
in the act. In order to avoid a conflict, Judges Harding, Hand- 
ley, and Stanton declined to interfere, but in order to test the 
validity of Judge Bentley's commission, an application was made 
to the Supreme Court for a mandamus against the former judges. 
On October 14, 1878, the Supreme Court, holding that the ap- 
pointment of Judge Bentley was unauthorized, issued a perempt- 
ory writ against the judges above named, commanding them to 
open and organize the court, as directed by the act of April 17, 

Courts. i 267 

1878, supra. In obedience to this decision, Judges Harding, 
Handley, and Stanton opened the courts of Lackawanna county, 
October 24, 1878. Judge Bentley no longer assumed to hold the 
office. Judge Stanton resigned, February 25, 1879, an< ^ on March 
4, 1879, Alfred Hand was appointed and commissioned to fill the 
vacancy. By a supplement to the above act, with relation to the 
division of counties, it was provided that in case the new county 
contained forty thousand inhabitants, the governor should, by 
proclamation, declare it to be a separate judicial district. The 
president judge of the old county was thereupon directed to 
elect to which district he would be assigned, and the other law 
judge or judges were to be assigned to the other district. If 
more than one additional law judge, the oldest in commission 
should be commissioned president judge of the new district and 
the other as additional law judge. Under this act Judge Hard- 
ing, March 25, 1879, elected to remain in the old district of 
Luzerne, and Judges Handley and Hand were assigned to the 
new district — the forty-fifth. The former was commissioned 
president judge thereof, March 27, 1879, and the latter addi- 
tional law judge. From that time on Judge Harding ceased to 
act in Lackawanna county, and the other two judges ceased to 
act in Luzerne. 

In June of the same year another act was passed providing 
for the election of a judge in a new district created as above. It 
contains the .proviso "that this act shall not take effect in case the 
president judge of the old county shall have selected to be 
assigned to and reside in the new district, and in case any other 
person shall have been commissioned president judge for such 
district, the judge elected by virtue of this act shall be commis- 
sioned an additional law judge." Under this act, at the general 
election in 1879, Judge Hand was elected in Lackawanna county 
as additional law judge of the forty-fifth district, and as such was 
commissioned for the term of ten years from the first Monday of 
January, 1880. It was claimed that the right of Luzerne to elect 
an additional law judge under the acts of 1867 and 1874 [supra) 
was not affected by the preceding legislation, and at the fall elec- 
tion of 1879 Charles E. Rice was elected additional law judge of 
Luzerne, composing the eleventh district, and as such was com- 

1263 Courts. 

missioned, December 4, 1879, f° r tne term of ten years from the 
first Monday of January following. The resignation of Judge 
Harding took effect December 31, 1879. Judge Rice went into 
office under his commission as additional law judge January 4, 
1880. On the day following, by reason of his holding the oldest 
commission, he was commissioned as president judge for the 
term of ten years from the first Monday of January, 1880. The 
vacancy thus existing was filled by Governor Hoyt, by appoint- 
ing and commissioning Stanley Woodward additional law judge, 
vice Rice, who had become president judge by operation of law. 
The date of Judge Woodward's commission was January 9, 1880. 
At the general election following Judge Woodward was elected, 
and December 2, 1880, was commissioned additional law judge 
for the term of ten years from the first Monday of January, 1881. 

Separate Orphans' Court. — The constitution of 1874 pro- 
vided that in counties containing one hundred and fifty thousand 
inhabitants the legislature shall, and in other counties may, estab- 
lish separate Orphans' Court, to consist of one or more judges 
learned in the law. By the same section separate registers' court 
was abolished, and the jurisdiction conferred upon the Orphans' 
Court. Under this constitutional mandate, the separate Orphans' 
Court of Luzerne was established by act of May 19, 1874, with 
one judge, to be elected and commissioned for the same term 
and in the same manner as judges of the Common Pleas. At 
the general election following Daniel L. Rhone was elected and 
was subsequently commissioned judge of the Orphans' Court for 
the term of ten years from the first Monday of January, 1875. 
Under the act of May 24, 1878, he is now styled and commis- 
sioned president judge of said court. Judge Rhone was included 
in the application for mandamus above referred to, but as to him 
it was refused, for "the reason that under the act of 1878, supra, 
there could be no separate Orphans' Court in the new county of 
Lackawanna, the jurisdiction being vested in the judge of the 
Common Pleas. 

Hon. D. L. Rhone was reelected a judge of the Orphans' Court 
in 1884, and was commissioned December 17, 1884, for a further 
term of ten years from the first Monday of January, 1885. 

Mayor's Courts. — The mayor's court for the city of Carbon- 

Courts. 1269 

dale was established by act of March 15, 1851. Its jurisdiction 
originally extended over the city of Carbondale, and the town- 
ships of Carbondale, Fell, Greenfield, and Scott. The latter town- 
'ship was excluded from its jurisdiction by act of April 11, 1853. 
By act of June 2, 1S71, the north district of the township of 
Blakeley and the borough of Gibsonburg were authorized to vote 
upon the question of annexation to the jurisdiction of the 
mayor's court. The mayor's court of Scranton was established 
by act of April 23, 1866. Its jurisdiction was extended over the 
townships of Covington, Jefferson, Madison, Spring Brook, and 
the borough of Dunmore, by act of April 5, 1870. By the orig- 
inal acts these courts, with certain limitations, had the jurisdic- 
tion of courts of Common Pleas and Quarter Sessions. They were 
courts of record, and their judgments were reviewable in the 
Supreme Court. Their judges were the mayors of the respective 
cities, the aldermen, and a recorder. By express direction of the 
statutes, the president judge of Luzerne was directed to act as 
recorder in each of the courts. In December, 1869, quo war- 
ranto proceedings were begun by the attorney general, in the 
Supreme Court, against Judge Conyngham, to test his right to 
act as recorder in the mayor's court of Scranton. July 7, 1870, 
judgment was entered for the commonwealth, the Supreme Court 
holding that the legislature in creating a new court within part 
of the district or county occupied by an old court cannot legis- 
late upon the bench of the new court the judge of the old court. 
The judge of the new court must be chosen by the people of 
his district. After this decision the president and additional law 
judge of Luzerne ceased to preside in either of the mayors' 
courts. In pursuance of acts of assembly, recorders of the sev- 
eral courts were thereafter elected. By section eleven of the 
schedule to the constitution of 1874, and the act of May 14, 
1874, passed to carry the same into effect, both of these courts 
were abolished, December I, 1875 ; the jurisdiction of the courts 
of Common Pleas, etc., of Luzerne was revived, and the records, 
etc., transferred thereto. 

By the amendments to the constitution adopted October 9, 1838, 
and which went into effect January 1, 1839, the term of the judges 
of the Supreme Court was made fifteen years, and that of the 

1270 Charles Miner Stout. 

president and other law judges of the Common Pleas was made 
ten years. The judges were to be nominated by the governor, 
and by and with the consent of the senate appointed and com- 
missioned by him. The schedule provided that the commissions 
of the law judges of the Common Pleas "who shall not have held 
their offices for ten years, adoption of the amendments to the con- 
stitution, shall expire on February 27 next after the end often years 
from the date of their commissions." Under this provision of the 
schedule the commission of Judge Jessup expired February 27, 
1849. By joint resolution passed 1849 and 1850, it was proposed 
to amend the second section of the judiciary article so as to make 
the judges elective. This amendment was adopted by vote of 
the people on the second Tuesday of October, 1 850. The amend- 
ment provided that "the first election shall take place at the gen- 
eral election of this commonwealth next after the adoption of 
this amendment, and the commissions of all the judges who may 
be then in office shall expire on the first Monday of December 
following, when the terms of the new judges shall commence." 
The act of April 15, 185 1 (referred to in another place), was 
passed to carry the amendment into effect, and the first election 
thereunder was held in the fall of that year. 


Charles Miner Stout was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., April 7, 185 1. He was a brother of Asher Miner 
Stout. (Seepage 1226.) His wife was Lizzie Schropp, of Beth- 
lehem, Pa. They left no children. During the Mexican war he 
entered as third corporal in Company I, First Regiment Pennsyl- 
vania Volunteers. He was subsequented appointed lieutenant 
in the P^leventh Infantry. .Mr. Stout, at the commencement 
of the late civil war, entered into the service, and died in that 

Cromwell Peakce. 1271 


Cromwell Pearce was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., April 8, 1851. His ancestors were Protestant soldiers who 
entered Ireland from England with the army of Cromwell in 1649. 
Receiving confiscated lands in part pay for military services, a 
portion of the family settled near Enniskillen, in the province of 
Ulster. In 1690 his great-great-grandfather, in company with 
four brothers, entered the army of William III, and fought 
shoulder to shoulder with Huguenots and English Blues against 
King James II at the celebrated battle of the Boyne. Edward 
Pearce, the great-grandfather of Cromwell Pearce, was born in 
Enniskillen August 6, 1701, and married Frances Brassington, of 
Dublin. They had three children born in Ireland, with which 
little family they sailed for America in May, 1737. Two of the 
children died of small pox on the voyage. Mr. Pearce arrived 
in Philadelphia in August, having been thirteen weeks in crossing 
the ocean. Cromwell Pearce, the surviving child, was born in 
December, 1732, and was near five years old on his arrival in 
Pennsylvania. The family remained in Philadelphia until the 
spring of 1738, when they removed to the neighborhood of St. 
David's church, in Radnor township, Chester county, Pa. Ed- 
ward Pearce was by trade both a mason and carpenter. In 1744 
he built St. Peter's church, in the Great Valley. On April 15, 
1745, he was chosen its first senior warden. In 1750 he pur- 
chased the farm in Willistown where, twenty-seven years after- 
wards, the memorable "Paoli massacre" occurred, and on which 
the monument now stands. Upon this farm he spent the remain- 
der of his days, and died there March 6, 1777. He and his wife 
(who died March 26, 1783) were interred at St. David's church 
in one grave. 

Cromwell Pearce, son of Edward Pearce, was the grandfather 
of Cromwell Pearce. On May 8, 1758, he was commissioned a 
lieutenant in the battalion of Pennsylvania's regiment of foot, and 
served under General Forbes, the successor of General Braddock. 
Among other services in the French and Indian war, the com- 

1272 Cromwell Pearce. 

pany to which he belonged built a fort at Shamokin, now Sun- 
bury, Pa. On May 6, 1777, he was appointed major in the con- 
tinental army, and May 20, 1779, colonel of the fifth battalion 
of Chester county militia. The extent of his services is not 
known beyond the fact that he went on a tour of duty to Amboy, 
N. J. On May 1 , 1 78 1 , he was commissioned major of the second 
battalion of Chester county militia. He married Margaret, daugh- 
ter of John and Margaret Boggs, who owned a large tract of land 
in Willistown. Her parents were members of the Presbyterian 
church, and several of their sons served as soldiers in the war of 
the revolution. She died December 28, 18 18, aged seventy-eight 
years. Cromwell Pearce, after his father's death, became the 
owner of the farm in Willistown, where he passed the remainder 
of his days, and died August 4, 1794. 

Marmaduke Pearce, son of Cromwell Pearce, and father of 
Cromwell Pearce, the subject of this sketch, was born at Paoli, 
Willistown township, Chester county, Pa., August 18, 1776. His 
opportunities for acquiring a complete education were very lim- 
ited. He possessed a natural taste for books and study, and by 
improving himself became qualified to teach a country school. 
In 1805 he removed to Bellefonte, Pa., where he continued to 
reside for several years. Having determined to preach the gos- 
pel, he was in 181 1 licensed to preach by Rev. Gideon Draper, 
presiding elder of the Susquehanna district of the Methodist 
Episcopal church. As a preacher he had few equals, and his 
sermons were the embodiment of sound common sense. Reason 
and logic were the weapons which he employed. His sermons 
did not generally exceed thirty minutes, but in that period, by 
reason of his unusual powers of condensation, he would say as 
much as most men in double that time. He was a master of Eng- 
lish style, and a most able critic in grammar, logic and rhetoric. 
He made no display of his learning. He sought the shade, wish- 
ing, as he once expressed himself, if he could not be little, to be 
unknown. He was an immense man physically, about six feet in 
height, and weighing in ordinary health about three hundred 
pounds. He died in Berwick, Pa., August II, 1852. Colonel 
Cromwell Pearce, of the Sixteenth United States Infantry in the 
war of 181 2, and subsequently sheriff and associate judge of 

Cromwell Pearce. 1273 

Chester county, Pa., was a brother of Rev. Marmaduke Pearce. 
The mother of Cromwell Pearce, and wife of Rev. Marmaduke 
Pearce, was Hannah Stewart {nee Jameson). She was a descend- 
ant of John Jameson, and great-granddaughter of Robert Jame- 
son and his wife, Agnes Dixon, daughter of Robert Dixon. 
Robert Jameson and his father-in-law, Robert Dixon, were among 
the original petitioners to the Connecticut legislature in 1753, 
asking for the organization of the Connecticut Susquehanna Land 
Company. The preamble of their petition was as follows : 
"Whereas, there is a large quantity of land lying upon a river 
called Susquehanna, and also at a place called Quiwaumuck, 
and that there is no English inhabitant that lives on said land 
nor near thereunto, and the same lies about seventy miles west 
of Dielewey river, and, as we suppose, within the colony of Con- 
necticut, and there is a number of Indians that live on or near the 
place or land aforesaid who lay claim to the same, and we, the 
subscribers, to the number of one hundred persons, who are very 
desirous to go and inhabit the aforesaid land and at the place 
aforesaid, provided that we can obtain a quiet or quit claim of the 
honorable assembly of a tract of land lying at the place aforesaid, 
and to contain a quantity sixteen miles square, to lie- on both 
sides Susquehanna river, and as the Indians lay claim to the 
same, we purpose to purchase of them their right, so as to be at 
peace with them, whereupon we humbly pray that the honorable 
assembly would grant to us a quit claim of the aforesaid tract." 
The company was organized and the Indian title extinguished 
at the treaty of Albany in 1754. John Jameson was the son of 
Robert Jameson, and his wife was Abagail Alden. (See page 
301.) Mrs. Hannah Pearce, the mother of Cromwell Pearce, was 
born about two months after the death of her father, John Jame- 
son. She married, in 1799, James Stewart, son of Captain Laza- 
rus Stewart, who commanded the Hanover company in the battle 
and massacre of Wyoming, where he fell bravely fighting in the 
defense of his country. James Stewart died in 1808- In 18 19 
his widow married Rev. Marmaduke Pearce. She died in Wilkes- 
Barre October 21, 1859. 

Cromwell Pearce was born in Wilkes-Barre, Pa., July 1, 1823, 
and read law with M. E. Jackson, in Berwick, Pa. He left the 

1274 William Henry Beaumont. 

practice of the law in 1859, when he became a minister of the 
Methodist Episcopal church. He married, November 27, 1861, 
Sarah H. Taylor, a daughter of David Taylor. Mr. and Mrs. 
Pearce had one child — Carrie H., now the wife of M. Lincoln, M. 
D. Mr. Pearce died June 16, 1872. The late Hon. Stewart 
Pearce, of Wilkes-Barre, was his brother, as is also Rev. John J. 
Pearce, of the Central Pennsylvania Conference of the Methodist 
Episcopal church, who, in 1854, was elected to the congress of 
the United States. 


William Henry Beaumont was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., April 8, 185 1. He was a descendant of William 
Beaumont, of Carlisle, England, who settled in Saybrook, Conn., 
about 1648, and was made a freeman in 1652. Isaiah Beaumont, 
a descendant of William Beaumont, was a soldier of the revolu- 
tion, fighting with Washington at Trenton and at Princeton. In 
the latter battle he was severely wounded, and was discharged from 
the service on a pension. He removed in 1 791 to the neighbor- 
hood of the Wyalusing creek, in Susquehanna county, Pa. The 
wife of Isaiah Beaumont was Eear Alden. Captain Jonathan Al- 
den, fourth son of John and Priscilla (Mullins) Alden, had four chil- 
dren. Andrew, his eldest child, married Lydia Stanford February 
4, 1 7 14, and they had eight children. They all resided in Leb- 
anon, Conn., and there Eear Alden. one of his children, married 
Isaiah Beaumont. Prince Alden, third child of Andrew and 
Lydia Alden, married Mary Fitch, of New London, Conn., who 
bore him ten children. Prince removed to the Wyoming valley 
in 1772 and settled in Newport township. He subsequently re- 
moved to Meshoppen, Luzerne (now Wyoming) county, where 
he died in 1804. (See page 306.) 

Andrew Beaumont, son of Isaiah Beaumont, was born in Leb- 
anon, Conn., in 1791. In 1808 he came to this city, determined 
to obtain an education, and attended schools for several terms, 
paying for his tuition by the product of his labor. He was after- 

William Henry Beaumont. 1275 

wards engaged in teaching, and at the same time completing his 
studies in his home neighborhood and at the Wilkes-Barre acad- 
emy (where he subsequently taught), when, having thoroughly 
mastered a classical course, he entered the office of Garrick Mal- 
lery, in this city, as a student at law. At the termination of the 
usual period of study he passed the examination required, but 
was denied admission to the bar by Judge Scott, the presiding 
judge, on the ground that he had not read the necessary time. 
This was a mere pretext, as Mr. Beaumont thought, and it had 
the effect of driving the candidate from the profession. In Jan- 
uary, 1 8 14, he was appointed, under the administration of Presi- 
dent Madison, collector of revenue, direct taxes and internal 
duties for the twentieth collection district of Pennsylvania, which 
included Luzerne county. This office he held until 18 16, when 
he was appointed prothonotary and clerk of the courts of Luzerne 
county. Mr. Beaumont held these offices until 18 19. In 1821 
he was elected to the legislature of the state, and reelected in 1822. 
In 1826 he was appointed postmaster of Wilkes-Barre and held 
the office until 1832. During the latter year he was a candidate for 
congress in the district composed of the counties of Luzerne and 
Columbia. The candidates were Mr. Beaumont, Thomas W. 
Miner, M. D., whig, and James McClintock, also a democrat, as 
Mr. Beaumont was. The fight was a bitter one, and the result 
was not known for a week afterward, and then it was ascertained 
that Mr. Beaumont was elected by a majority of eighty-eight 
votes. He was reelected to congress in 1834. During his ser- 
vice in congress the celebrated contest of President Jackson 
against the United -States bank occurred, and he took strong 
grounds with General Jackson as opposed to private institutions 
supported by the government. His course in this contest was 
sustained by his constituents by his reelection. He opposed and 
steadily voted against the bill which distributed the surplus rev- 
enue among the states. He enjoyed the close confidence and 
intimacy of Presidents Jackson, Van Buren and Polk, Vice Pres- 
ident King, General Lewis Cass, and others of his political party. 
In 1840 he was tendered, by President Van Buren, the appoint- 
ment of treasurer of the United States mint at Philadelphia, 
which, however, he declined, believing that he could be of better 

1276 William Henry Beaumont. 

service at his home. In 1847 he was tendered the appointment 
by President Polk of commissioner ofpublic buildings and grounds 
for the District of Columbia, at that time an office of great re- 
sponsibilty and requiring great executive ability in the incumbent. 
He accepted the office and continued therein until his nomi- 
nation was rejected by the United States senate, through the 
influence of Senator Benton, of Missouri, who opposed him on 
personal grounds. During 1849 he suffered from protracted 
illness, and, when partially recovered, exposed himself endeavor- 
ing to extinguish a fire in this city, thus sowing the seeds of 
the disease which finally carried him off. During his illness in 
the latter year he was again elected to the legislature of the state. 
During this service he urged the necessity of direct relations be- 
tween the state and the general government, and through his 
exertions and speeches the first committee on federal relations 
was created, of which he was chairman, and he made the first 
report on that subject ever presented to the Pennsylvania legis- 
lature. He was one of the organizers of St. Stephen's Episcopal 
church of this city in 1817, and was one of its first* vestrymen. 
He was one of the founders of the Luzerne Bible Society in 18 19, 
and for a number of years was one of its officers. A contempo- 
rary, writing of him, says : " With a friend who could appreciate 
the force and depth of his remarks, the corruscations of wit, 
fancy, eloquence and pathos, adorned with the wealth which a 
tenacious memory had extracted from classical and contemporary 
literature, would pour from his lips apparently unconscious of 
hours. In figure of speech, ready, trite and apposite compari- 
sons, we never knew his equal." He was well known for a period 
of forty years in Pennsylvania as a political writer, and his writings 
on subjects of political economy would fill volumes. He married, 
in 1813, Julia A. Colt, second daughter of Arnold Colt. (Seepage 
495.) She survived her husband and died at Wilkes-Barre October 
1 3, 1 872. Andrew Beaumont died at the same place September 30 
1853. John Colt Beaumont, his eldest son, became a midship- 
man in 1838. He died in 1882, a rear admiral in the United 
States navy. Eugene Beauharnais Beaumont, his youngest son, 
graduated from West Point May 6, 1861. He is now major of 
the Eourth United States Cavalry, and lieutenant colonel by brevet. 

William Hancock. 1277 

He also served as an adjutant general during a portion of the late 
civil war, and was brevetted colonel of volunteers. Andrew Beau- 
mont's eldest daughter married Samuel P. Collings, father of 
John B. Collings, of the Lackawanna bar. 

William Henry Beaumont, the second son of Andrew Beau- 
mont, was born in Wilkes-Barre November 27, 1825, and read 
law with Charles Denison in this city. He served throughout the 
whole of the Mexican war, and was first sergeant of Company I, 
First Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers. In connection with 
M. B. Barnum he started, in 1852, The True Democrat, a demo- 
cratic newspaper. The paper existed for about a year. Mr. 
Beaumont died in this city June 19, 1874. He was an unmar- 
ried man. 


Joseph Slocum was commissioned as an associate judge of Lu- 
zerne county, Pa., April 28, 1851. (For a sketch of his life see 

page 339) 


William Hancock, who was commissioned an associate judge 
of Luzerne county, Pa., November 10, 1851, was the son of Jon- 
athan Hancock, a native of Snow Hill, Maryland, who removed 
to this city at an early day. His wife was Catharine Young. 
Mr. Hancock was a hotel keeper in this city for many years, and 
kept a hotel on the Public Square on lands now occupied by the 
Luzerne house. William Hancock, son of Jonathan Hancock, 
was born in W'ilkes-Barre December 18, 1799. He was a tanner 
and currier by trade, and resided the greater part of his life in what 
is now the borough of Luzerne, in this county. He married, Feb- 
ruary 13, 1 82 1, Laura Smith, daughter of Obadiah Smith, of 

1278 Charles Pike. 

Wethersfield, Connecticut. By her he had six children. She 
died November 4, 1846. He married a second time, February 
15, 1848, Elizabeth Denison, a sister of Hon. Charles Denison, 
and daughter of Lazarus Denison. (See pages 1087 and 1 191 .) 
By her he had three children. She died in May, 1855. William 
Hancock died at his residence, in Luzerne, Pa., January 7, 1859. 
James Hancock, of Plains, was a brother of William Hancock. 
Colonel E. A. Hancock, of Philadelphia, is one of his sons. 


Martin Canavan, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., August 10, 1852, was born in the county Sligo, Ire- 
land, in 1802. He was the son of John Canavan and his wife 
Catharine Canavan {nee Rogers). Martin Canavan emigrated to 
this country in early life and read law with Peter J. Byrne, LL. D., 
in Carbondale, Pa. He practiced in Scranton and Patterson, N. 
J. While in Patterson he was surrogate, recorder of deeds and 
associate judge. He married, in 1844, Catharine Corcoran, a 
daughter of Loughlin Corcoran and his wife Jane Corcoran {nee 
Cullen), natives of Kings county, Ireland. Mr. and Mrs. Canavan 
had a family of three children — Mary A. Canavan, Thomas I. 
Canavan, and Frank P. Canavan. 


Charles Pike was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, Pa., 
April 4, 1853. He was born in Northmoreland township, Lu- 
zerne (now Wyoming) county, Pa., February 1, 1830. He was 
a son of James Pike, a native of Brooklyn, Windham county, 
Connecticut, who emigrated to Pennsylvania in 18 19. Charles 
Pike read law in the office of Harrison Wright, and soon after 
his admission took a prominent position in his profession, and a 
few years afterwards entered into partnership with Hendrick B. 

Samuel Sherrerd. 1279 

Wright, a business connection which continued through many 
years, bringing profit and distinction to each of its members. He 
was a natural lawyer, if such a thing can be. His mind was of 
that penetrating, analytical, and judicial order which comprehends 
all that is in a dispute, however manifold its ramifications, and 
goes to the heart of it without any indirectness, and decides as 
to its merits with promptitude and almost unerring clearness and 
fairness. Our ablest attorneys freely confessed him a foeman 
worthy of their best steel. It was seldom that he was worsted in 
a cause in which his sympathies were really enlisted. He had a 
thorough contempt for shams of every description, and many and 
amusing are the stories in which his keen criticisms under this 
head are recorded. Mr. Pike was a man of unswerving integrity 
in all his business transactions, and no one can be found to say 
aught against his integrity as a man and lawyer. He never held 
a political office of any kind, but might have filled many had his 
ambition led him in that direction. He died at his residence in 
this city September 12, 1882. Mr. Pike married, in 186S, Bridget 
O'Brien, daughter of the late Anthony O'Brien, of Pittston, who 
survives him. He left no children. 


Samuel Sherrerd, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., April 4, 1853, was a native of Philadelphia, Pa., 
where he was born April 25, 18 19. He was a descendant of 
John Sherrerd, a merchant of London, England, who came to this 
country and settled near Washington, N. J., about 1750. Samuel 
Sherrerd was a son of John Sherrerd. On a tombstone in Green- 
wich churchyard, Warren county, N. J., is this inscription : "In 
memory of John Maxwell, second son of John and Anne Max- 
well. He was born in county Tyrone, Ireland, November 25, 
1739, and at an early age emigrated with his father to New Jer- 
sey. He was a lieutenant in the first company raised in Sussex 
county, for the defense of his adopted country in the revolution- 
ary war, and soon after, in the darkest hour of her fortunes, joined 
the army of General Washington as a captain of a company of 

1280 . Samuel Sherrerd. 

volunteers. He was engaged in the battles of Trenton, Prince- 
ton, Brandywine, Germantovvn, Monmouth, and Springfield, and 
ever distinguished himself as a brave and able officer. Having 
served his country in various civil and military offices, and faith- 
fully discharged his various duties as a soldier, citizen, and chris- 
tian, he closed a long and useful life at his residence at Fleming- 
ton, N. J., February 15, 1828, in the eighty-ninth year of his 
age." His daughter, Ann, married Samuel Sherrerd. William 
Maxwell, brother of John Maxwell, was a general in the revolu- 
tionary war. John Maxwell Sherrerd, son of Samuel Sherrerd 
and Ann Sherrerd, was born, September 6, 1794, at Pleasant Val- 
ley, N. J. He graduated from Nassau Hall, Princeton, N. J., in 
1812. He commenced the study of law with his uncle, Hon. 
John Maxwell, and was admitted to the bar from the office of 
Chief Justice Charles Ewing (his uncle having died in the mean- 
time), in 1 8 16, and practiced in New Jersey until his death, May 
26, 1 871. When Warren county was created he was appointed 
the first surrogate of that county. The wife of J. M. Sherrerd 
was Sarah Browne, of Philadelphia, whom he married May 19, 
181 8. She was a descendant of Nathaniel Browne, who was 
overseer of Wellodge shipyard, England, about 1725. His son 
Peter, a Quaker, was also a shipbuilder, coming to this country 
about 1730. His son Nathaniel was interested in shipbuilding 
and property in Philadelphia, also his son Peter after him. The 
latter was also a merchant and was the father of Mrs. Sherrerd. 
Samuel Sherrerd, son of John Maxwell Sherrerd, graduated from 
the college of New Jersey, at Princeton, in the class of 1836, 
and from the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, at Troy, N. Y., in 
1838. He read law with Henry D. Maxwell, of Easton, Pa., and 
was admitted to the Northampton county bar in 1842. He prac- 
ticed in Belvidere, N. J., until his removal to Scranton, in 1853. 
After practicing in Scranton a number of years, he returned to 
Belvidere in 1868. He was president judge of the court of Com- 
mon Pleas of Warren county, N. J., from 1872 to 1875. Mr. 
Sherrerd married, May 6, 1847, Frances M. Hamilton. She was 
the granddaughter of John Hamilton and Phoebe Ross (daugh- 
ter of John Ross, of Elizabeth, N. J.), who lived on a large 
estate at Princeton, N. J. One of their sons, Samuel Randolph 

Theodore L. Byington. . 1281 

Hamilton, father of Mrs. Sherrerd, was born about 1790, grad- 
uated at Nassau Hall, Princeton, and studied law with Governor 
Williamson, at Elizabeth, N. J. He was a lineal descendant of 
Miles Standish. He was prosecutor of the pleas of Mercer 
county, N. J., and was quartermaster general for a number of 
years. He died at Trenton, N. J., in 1857. The wife of Samuel 
R. Hamilton was a descendant of Jonathan Robeson, a Quaker, 
who came from England about the time of William Penn and 
settled near Philadelphia. In 1741 he built the first iron furnace, 
which he named Oxford, in compliment to his father, Andrew 
Robeson, who had been educated at the University of Oxford. 
Edsall's Centennial Address says : "Jonathan Robeson was one of 
the first judges of Sussex county, N. J. His father and grand- 
father both wore the ermine before him in Pennsylvania, while 
his son, grandson, and great-grandson, each in his turn, occupied 
seats on the judicial bench. William P. Robeson (father of ex- 
secretary of the navy, George M. Robeson,) of New Jersey, was 
the sixth judge in regular descent from his ancestor, Andrew 
Robeson, who came to America with William Penn, and was a 
member of Governor Markham's privy council." Morris Robe- 
son, son of Jonathan Robeson, married Anna Rockhill April 25, 
1750. Their son, David Maurice Robeson, married Tacy Paul, 
of Philadelphia, about 1790. Their daughter, Elizabeth Robeson, 
married Samuel Randolph Hamilton. Their daughter, Frances 
M., married Samuel Sherrerd. Mr. Sherrerd died at Belvidere, 
N. J., June 21, 1884, leaving three sons to survive him — Alex. 
H. Sherrerd and Morris H. Sherrerd, of Scranton, Pa., and John 
M. Sherrerd, of Troy, N. Y. 


Theodore L. Byington, who was admitted to the bar of Lu- 
zerne county, Pa., November 7, 1853, was a son of Roderick 
Byington, M. D., a native of Stockbridge, Mass., where he was 
born October 27, 1799, and died at Belvidere, N. J., August 18, 
1872. He read medicine in Johnsonburg, N.J., and subsequently 

1282 Theodore L. Byington. 

graduated from the Jefferson medical college. He practiced in 
Johnsonburg from 1825 to 1841, and at Belvidere until his death. 
The wife of Dr. Byington was Caroline Linn, a daughter of John 
Lynn, a native of Hardwick township, Sussex (now Warren) 
county, N. J. In 1805 he was appointed judge of the Court of 
Common Pleas, and reappointed in 1810, 1815 and 1820. He 
represented the fourth district of New Jersey in the congress of 
the United States two terms, and while in congress in the winter 
of 1823 he was taken ill and died of typhoid fever. 

Theodore L. Byington was born in Johnsonburg March 15, 
1 83 1. He was graduated from the college of New Jersey, at 
Princeton, in the class of 1849. He then came to this city and 
read law in the office of A. T. McClintock. After practicing a 
short time in Scranton the whole course of his life was changed. 
After studying theology at the Union Theological seminary he 
entered the ministry of the Presbyterian church. He married, 
May 30, 1858, Margaret Esther Hallock, a native of Smyrna, in 
Turkey, Asia. Her parents were Rev. Homan Hallock, born 
in Plainfield, Mass., and his wife, Elizabeth Flett, born in Lon- 
don, England. Rev. Homan Hallock was a son of Rev. Moses 
Hallock, of Plainfield, Mass. Soon after his marriage Rev. T. L. 
Byington was sent as a missionary to Bulgaria, Turkey, by the 
American board, and was one of their pioneers. His wife accom- 
panied him to Turkey and took part in the missionary work. He 
returned to this country in 1868, and from 1869 to 1874 he was 
pastor of the Presbyterian church at Newton, N. J. The Amer- 
ican board, however, prevailed on him to return to the mission 
field in 1874, and he became the editor of a weekly paper at Con- 
stantinople, published in the Bulgarian language, under the aus- 
pices of the board. Pfis health became broken and he was 
obliged to return home in May, 1885. After an illness of three 
and a half years he died at Philadelphia June 16, 1888. He re- 
ceived the degree of doctor of divinity from Princeton college in 
1878. He left a widow and two sons — Rev. Edwin H. Byington, 
pastor of the Eastern avenue church, Springfield, Mass., Roder- 
ick Byington, counsellor at law, Newark, N. J. — and three daugh- 
ters, the eldest of which, Caroline Margaret, is the wife of Rev. 
Orville Reed, of Springfield. 

Lyman Richardson Nicholson. 1283 


James Sutton Bedford was born at Waverly, Pa., October 16, 

1839. He was educated at Madison academy, Waverly, and at 

Amherst college. He read law with G. Byron Nicholson, and 

was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county January 10, 1854, 

and practiced in this city and Brownsville, Nebraska. He died 

in the latter place December 2, 1865. He was an unmarried man 

and a brother of George R. Bedford, whose biography will be 

found on page 208. 


George Scott, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., January 10, 1854, was a son of Judge David Scott. (See 
page 392.) Mr. Scott was born in Wilkes-Barre, Pa., June 30, 
1829. He was educated in the schools of his native city, and 
during the years 1840, 1841 and 1842 attended the Moravian 
school at Nazareth, Pa. He then learned the trade of a printer 
in the office of Strange Palmer, in Pottsville, Pa., and subse- 
quently read law in the office of his brother-in-law, Luther Kid- 
der, in this city. In i860 he was register of wills of Luzerne 
county. Mr. Scott was an unmarried man. He died in Wilkes- 
Barre September 26, 1861. 


Lyman Richardson Nicholson was admitted to the bar of Lu- 
zerne county, Pa., April 6, 1855. He was a native of Salem, 
Wayne county, Pa., where he was born April 12, 1832. He was 
the son of Zenas Nicholson and Nancy Goodrich, his wife. (See 
page 123.) He died July 13, 1863, of wounds received in the 

1284 Samuel Price Longstreet. 

battle of Gettysburg, July 1, 1863. He was lieutenant in Com- 
pany G, One Hundred and Forty-third Regiment Pennsylvania 
Volunteers. Mr. Nicholson was an unmarried man. His remains 
were brought home and he was buried in the Salem cemetery. 


Samuel Price Longstreet was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., August 6, 1855. He was born at Milford, Pike 
county. Pa., February 1, 1829, and was a descendant of Colonel 
Christopher Longstreet, of Sussex county, N. J., who represented 
Sussex county in the legislature of that state in 1785, 1786, 1787 
and 1788. Colonel Longstreet removed from New Jersey to 
New Milford township, Susquehanna county, Pa., as early as 
1803. The grave of his wife, who died in 1813, with its gray, 
moss-covered tombstone, is still to be seen in an old cemetery 
upon the hillside, a mile or two from New Milford village. He 
afterwards removed to Great Bend, and when the first bridge 
across the Susquehanna river was erected in 1844, Mr. Long- 
street was appointed toll-gatherer and gate-keeper. He subse- 
quently removed to Hamburg, Sussex county, N. J., where he 
spent the remainder of his days. William R. Longstreet, a native 
of New Jersey, was the son of Colonel Christopher Longstreet. 
His wife was Keturah Sayre. Lewis Longstreet, a native of 
Morris county, N. J., was the son of VV. R. Longstreet. His wife 
was Elizabeth Roy Goble, of Sussex county, N. J. She was the 
daughter of Nathan and Azubah Price Goble, and granddaughter 
of Francis Price, of Frankford township, Sussex county, N. J. 
He was a man of much influence in his day. He was for years a 
justice of the peace, and solemnized most of the marriages of that 
early period. He maintained business relations, more or less 
extended, with most of the residents of the county, and established 
a reputation for integrity and kindness to those less abundantly 
supplied with worldly goods. On November 20, 1789, he was 
appointed one of the lay judges of Sussex county, and on No- 
vember 26, 1794, he was re-appointed. (See page 952.) 

Charles Treadway Barnum. 1285 

S. P. Longstreet, son of Lewis Longstreet, read law with \Y. 
W. Ketcham, in this city, after completing his education at Wyo- 
ming Seminary. He practiced his profession in Wilkes-Barre 
until 1864, when he removed to Erie, Pa. He was interested in 
the coal business in Schuylkill county, Pa., and at Erie. He 
married, March 9, 1851, Laura Babcock, of Montrose, Pa., a 
daughter of Ezekiel Babcock and his wife, Lydia Gardner. They 
had no children, and she still survives him. Mr. Longstreet, at 
one time, was estimated to be worth two or three hundred thou- 
sand dollars, which he made in the coal business, but misfortune 
came and he became so involved that he was compelled to make 
an assignment. In early life he connected himself with the Meth- 
odist Episcopal church, and became a local preacher in that de- 
nomination. In February, 1876, after his failure at Erie, he went 
to Salt Lake City, where he was in charge of the Methodist 
Episcopal church for a period of eight months. He again entered 
upon the practice of his profession in that city, but in September, 
1880, he was appointed pastor of the Broadway Methodist Epis- 
copal church at Helena, Montana Territory. He died while occu- 
pying that position, April 5, 1881. It was the first death of a min- 
ister of the gospel that ever occurred in Helena. The late Francis 
Price Longstreet, of the Carbon county bar, was a brother of S. P. 


Lazarus Denison Reynolds was admitted to the bar of Lu- 
zerne county, Pa., August 4, 1856. He was a son of Chauncey 
A. Reynolds, a brother of Hon. William C. Reynolds. His 
mother was Mary, sister of Hon. Charles Denison. Lazarus D. 
Reynolds died, unmarried, July 25, 1858. 


Charles Treadway Barnum was commissioned an associate 
judge of Luzerne county, Pa., November 12, 1856. He was the 
grandson of Lazarus Barnum, and the son of James Weed Bar- 

1286 William Merrifield. 

num, who was born at Danbury, Connecticut, April 13, 1789. 
The wife of James W. Barnum, who was married at Kingston, 
Pa., January 5, 1812, the mother of C. T. Barnum, was Julia 
Treadway, who was born at Bridgeport, Connecticut, April 15, 
1787. She was the daughter of John Treadway, whose name is 
in the assessment list of Hanover township in 1799, as the owner 
of fifty acres of land, one horse, two oxen, and three cows. He 
was drowned with two others in April, 1800, while fishing in the 
Nanticoke pool. ■ Charles T. Barnum was born at Kingston Jan- 
uary 7, 1 81 3. He was a practical printer. He commenced to 
learn his trade in the office of the Northern Pennsylvanian, at 
Dundaff, Pa., and finished his apprenticeship in this city. He 
subsequently worked at his trade in this city, at Jersey Shore, 
Mauch Chunk, and at other places. After a few years he went 
to Lennox, Massachusetts, and in company with George Wal- 
dron published the Lennox Eagle. After a few years he sold out 
his interest in the paper and returned to the Wyoming valley. 
From 1855 to 1863 he was clerk of the commissioners of Lu- 
zerne county. For some years prior to his death he resided on 
his farm at Harvey's Lake. Judge Barnum married, in Septem- 
ber, 1842, Sarah A. Seybert, daughter of Bernard Seybert, of 
Salem township. She died November 11, 1882. C. T. Barnum 
died January 11, 1887. Three children survived Judge Barnum 
— B. F. Barnum, of this city; James B. Barnum, of Harvey's 
Lake ; and Harriet B., wife of F. L. Faries, of Bellwood, Pa. 


William Merrifield was commissioned an associate judge of Lu- 
zerne county, Pa., November 12, 1856. He was a son of Robert 
Merrifield, and was born at Pine Plains, Dutchess county, N. Y., 
April 22, 1806. (See page 853.) The wife of William Merrifield 
was Almira Swetland, daughter of Belding Swetland, and grand- 
daughter of Luke Swetland. In the report of Major James Nor- 
ris, of the Third New Hampshire Regiment, which accompanied 

Ezra Bartholomew Chase. 1287 

General Sullivan in his march against the Indians, we have the 
following, under date of September 5, 1779 : "The Army March'd 
at 10 o'clock, preceeded 5 miles to and Indian town Call'd Candaia 
or Appletown [On the east side of Seneca Lake — about a half 
mile from the lake, on both sides of a small stream, on lot sev- 
enty-nine Romulus.] wheir is an old orchard of 60 trees and 
many other fruits. The town consists of 20 Houses Very Beau- 
tifully situated near the lake, in the town are three Sepulchres 
which are very Indian fine where I suppose that some of their 
Chiefs are Deposited at this town we found a man by the Name 
of Luke Sweatland who was taken by the Savages at Wyoming 
last Summer and was adopted into an Indian family in this town 
Where has lived or Rather stayd 12 months, he appeared quite 
overjoyed at Meeting some of his Acquaintance from Wyoming 
who are in our Army, he says that the Savages were very much 
stratened for food from April till the corn was fitt to Rost, that 
his being kept so short on't for Provisions Prevented his attempt- 
ing to Desert altho' he had frequent opportunityes by being sent 
20 miles to the salt Spring to make salt which spring he says 
afforded Salt for all of the Savages in this part of the Country, he 
says that the Indians were very much allarm'd and Dejected at 
being beat at Newtown they told him they had a Great many 
wounded which they sent of by Water we Destroyed Great quan- 
tities of Corn here." 


Ezra Bartholomew Chase, who was admitted to the bar of Lu- 
zerne county, Pa., April 7, 1857, was a descendant of Daniel 
Chase, a Free Will Baptist preacher, a native of New Hampshire, 
where he was born November 7, 1770. In 18 16 he removed to 
Jackson, Susquehanna county, Pa. His wife was Catharine Fill- 
brook. John Chase, son of Rev. Daniel Chase, was also a Bap- 
tist minister. He removed with his father to Pennsylvania. He 
was born October 19, 1794, and died at Windsor, N. Y., in 1840. 

E. B. Chase, son of Rev. John Chase, was born December 25, 
1827, at West Windsor, N. Y. He was educated at Harford 

1288 George Sanderson. 

academy, afterwards Harford university, Harford, Pa. He read 
law with F. B. Streeter, at Montrose, and was admitted to the 
Susquehanna county bar August 19, 1850. He was elected a 
member of the legislature in 1852, and reelected in 1853, and in 
1854 was speaker of the house. He was probably the youngest 
man ever elected to that position. About 185 1 he, in connection 
with his cousin, Hon. S. B. Chase, purchased the Montrose Dem- 
ocrat, and it continued under the charge of one or both of these 
editors until 1856, when they sold the establishment. The latter 
year he purchased the Lackawanna Herald, at Scranton, which 
had been a Know-Nothing organ, and changed the political char- 
acter of the paper by making it a Democratic paper. The name 
was changed to Herald of the Union. Declining health induced 
Mr. Chase to sell out after a short time. In 1857 Mr. Chase re- 
moved to Wilkes-Barre, where he practiced his profession until 
the time of his death, February 15, 1864. At that time he was 
district attorney of the county. He was the author of a work of 
four hundred and ninety- five pages, entitled "Teachings of Pa- 
triots and Statesmen, or the Founders of the Republic on Sla- 
very." Philadelphia, i860. J. W. Bradley, publisher. Mr. 
Chase married, October 20, 1852, Amelia C. Shafer. She was 
the daughter of Embley Shafer, born in Sussex county, N. J., 
in 1803, died in 1884. His wife was Urania Turrell, who was 
born in Connecticut in 1808. William Turrell, her father, was 
born in Connecticut in 1 781 ; removed to Montrose in 18 16, 
where he died in 1853. His wife, whom he married in 1807, in 
Connecticut, was Polly Sylvia Benedict, who died in Montrose 
in 1873. Three children survived Mr. Chase — Elizabeth S., wife 
of E. Nancura Hunt, Wyalusing, Pa. ; Amelia C, wife of William 
P. Stalford, Wyalusing ; and Embley Shafer Chase, who married 
Mina B. Meylert, of LaPorte, Pa. 


George Sanderson, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., September 14, 1857, was a native of Boston, where 
he was born February 25, 18 10. His father was one of the solid 

George Sanderson. 1289 

men of Boston, engaged largely in trade with the West Indies 
Mr. Sanderson, when a young man, studied and graduated in the 
Boston Latin School, but he could not be content to stay in 
New England. As to so many of her sons, so to him came that 
intense longing for other scenes and faces. The new life of the 
further west attracted him, and he traveled in New York state as 
a Universalist minister, editing a religious paper of that denomi- 
nation at either Geneva or Rochester. He settled in Towanda, 
Pa., in 1835, and was admitted to the Bradford county bar in 1840, 
while residing there. He was deputy attorney general of Brad- 
ford county for some years, and during the years 1851, 1852, and 
1853 represented Bradford, Susquehanna, and Wyoming counties 
in the state senate. In the latter year Mr. Sanderson became 
acquainted with George W. Scranton, and a warm friendship 
sprang up between the two men. Mr. Sanderson was able to be 
of considerable assistance to Colonel Scranton in securing the 
passage of bills which placed the mining and manufacturing 
industries of Scranton, then in their infancy but which have since 
grown to such gigantic proportions, upon a firm and stable basis. 
Colonel Scranton urged him to come to Scranton, describing in 
glowing terms the future of the young settlement. Mr. Sander- 
son came first in 1854 and again in 1855. Apparently he too 
saw clearly what a busy place the valley was destined to become, 
for in April of that year he purchased the Hitchcock farm of two 
hundred and twenty acres for sixty-five thousand dollars, a large 
sum in those days, yet within a few weeks he sold an undivided 
half of it for as much as he gave for the whole. Then he opened 
what is now Washington avenue, cutting the road out through 
the woods and building a corduroy road across the swamp, and 
amid the pine stumps he built for himself in 1856 the handsome 
residence now occupied by Mr. James Blair, which has remained 
practically unchanged from that day to this. He laid out San- 
derson Hill in lots, opened up streets, adopted a liberal and pub- 
lic spirited policy toward settlers upon his lots, donated ground 
for school and church purposes, and served the young borough 
in 1857 an d again in 1864 as burgess. He practiced law, too, in 
those days, and in company with his brother-in-law, Burton 
Kingsbury, in 1855, he went into the banking business under the 

1 290 George Sanderson. 

name of George Sanderson & Company. The firm continued in 
successful operation until 1873, when it became merged into the 
Lackawanna Valley bank. About 1864, desirous of retiring in 
some degree from business, and also desirous of securing for his 
children greater educational advantages than the young settle- 
ment afforded, he removed to Philadelphia and purchased a hand- 
some residence at Germantown, still retaining his interests at 
Scranton, which place he frequently visited ; but it was impossi- 
ble for so busy a man to long remain content with circean 
dreams of idleness. He accordingly organized the Tremont Coal 
Company, whose lands lay in Schuylkill county. His acquaint- 
ance with prominent capitalists and business men in Philadelphia 
was very extensive, and they deferred largely on his sound judg- 
ment on financial matters in this part of the state. He remained 
in Germantown some three years and then returned to Scranton. 
It was about this time that he ran for mayor against the late 
William M. Monies, who won the race, however. He purchased, 
about 1869 or 1870, the Whaling property at Green Ridge, and 
with the same liberal policy that had marked his course in regard 
to the lots on Sanderson Hill, he built a street car railroad to 
afford easy access from these lots to the city. He opened up 
streets, laid out lots, and by every means in his power has labored 
indefatigably to build up Green Ridge, until, owing to his exer- 
tions, it has become a neighborhood of delightful homes, a 
suburb of which any city may well be proud. He secured, almost 
single-handed, and in the face of great opposition, the act of 1873 
for the opening of Washington avenue, now the finest driveway 
in Scranton. He was from the first a warm advocate of the new 
county project, to further which he contributed liberally always 
of his time and money. His life was a singularly clean and pure 
one — upright and conscientious in all its various phases. He was 
a member of the city council in 1 876 ; he would accept no remun- 
eration for his services as banker, and in the controversy which 
followed the funding of the city debt his character came out un- 
tarnished. While he was a man of apparently austere manners 
and somewhat brusque exterior, these were but the rough husks 
that held the sweet kernel within ; for he was a man of great ten- 
derness of heart, to whom pain and suffering of all kinds brought 

George Sanderson. 1291 

only sadness and distress. Yet it was only dear and familiar inti- 
mates who realized his full value as a man, for after the death of 
his oldest daughter, whom he very tenderly loved, he became 
more and more self-contained and reticent. He died April 1, 
1866. In 1835 Mr. Sanderson married Marion W. Kingsbury, a 
descendant of Joseph Kingsbury, of Enfield, Connecticut, whose 
son, Lemuel Kingsbury, was the father of Colonel Joseph Kings- 
bury, father of Mrs. Sanderson. Colonel Kingsbury was born 
at Enfield, May 19, 1774. His grandfather, Joseph Kingsbury, 
offered to send him to Yale college if he would prepare for the 
ministry, but the offer, tempting as it was, had too many condi- 
tions attached for the young man, who looked upon a minister, 
as most people did then, as a little less than a demagogue, and felt 
that he was not of that material of which gods were made, and 
the offer was declined. At the age of nineteen he left the friends 
of his youth, and with a horse, a small sum of money, and a 
compass, he turned his face towards the Susquehanna to find a 
home and employment. He arrived at Sheshequin in the spring 
of 1793, and on the very day he was nineteen years old. He 
engaged at once with General Simon Spalding as a surveyor, and 
began a career that culminated in his appointment as agent for 
the vast landed estates of Vincent LeRay de Chaumont, known 
as the LeRay lands, Count de Chastelleux, McEwen and David- 
son, the Bank of North America, and others. From an early 
period to his death he was a member and generous contributor 
to the religious denomination of Universalists. He was for many 
years a colonel of militia and postmaster of the town. He died 
June 22, 1849. The wife of Colonel Joseph Kingsbury, whom 
he married February 1, 1797, was Ann Spalding, a daughter of 
General Simon Spalding, who was born at Plainfield, Connecticut, 
January 16, 1742. He emigrated to Wyoming about 1774, 
and settled in Standing Stone in 1775. He was in command of 
a company of troops during the revolutionary war, and was in 
General Sullivan's expedition in 1779, anc ^ as ^ passed through 
Sheshequin valley he was so favorably impressed with its appear- 
ance and location that he then resolved to make it his future 
place of residence. He was a captain in the revolutionary army 
and was made a general of militia after the war closed. He 

1292 John Brisbin. 

entered the army September n, 1776, and remained in service 
during the whole war. He was at the battles of Germantown, 
Brandy wine, and others. His wife was Ruth Shepherd, whom 
he married April 15, 1761. Mrs. Sanderson died at her residence 
in Scranton, June 23, 1886. She was a consistent member of 
the Episcopal church, as was also her husband, who was a vest- 
ryman in the church of the Good Shepherd, and donated the 
land upon which the church was built. Mr. and Mrs. Sander- 
son had a family of five children, of whom four are living — J. 
Gardner Sanderson, George Sanderson, who was admitted to the 
bar of Luzerne county November 19, 1870 (See page 936); 
Anna Sanderson, and Mrs. E. B. Sturges. (See page 925.) 


John Brisbin was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, Pa., 
in 1857. He was a native of Chenango county, N. Y., where he 
was born in 18 18. He remained at home, working as a farmer's 
boy, enjoying only the usual advantages of a common school 
education, until he was fifteen years old, after which he attended 
an academy for two years, teaching a country school in the winter; 
then went to New York as a clerk in a wholesale grocery and 
provision store, where he remained for two years, married his 
wife there, and went to Tunkhannock, Pa., where he read law, 
teaching school to pay his board. He was admitted to the bar 
of Wyoming county, Pa., in 1843. He continued in the practice 
of his profession there until 1855, when he received the appoint- 
ment of counsel and general land agent of the Delaware, Lacka- 
wanna and Western Railroad Company, and removed to Scran- 
ton, where he opened a law office. He served in that capacity 
for two years, when he was appointed general superintendent, 
which position he occupied until 1863, when he was chosen pres- 
ident of the company, and continued in that capacity for about 
five years; he then resigned, and was appointed counsel and gen- 

William H. Pratt. 1293 

eral adviser, which position he occupied until the time of his 
death, which occurred at Newark, N. J., where he then resided, 
February 3, 1880. In 1850, upon the death of Chester Butler, 
he was elected to fill the vacancy in congress for this district, and 
served in that capacity until March 4, 185 1. Mr. Brisbin left no 
children. After making ample provision for his wife, he left a 
large estate to numerous charities. 


George Dougherty Haughawout, son of Peter Haughawout, 
was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, Pa., January 18, 1858. 
He was a native of Rush township, Northumberland county, Pa., 
where he was born March 16, 1827. He was educated at :he 
Danville, Pa., academy, and the university at Lewisburg, Pa. He 
read law with John C. Neville, at Pottsville, and was admitted to 
the Schuylkill county bar in 1854, and practiced in Schuylkill 
county until his removal to Scranton in 1857. He subsequently 
returned to Schuylkill county and practiced in Ashland until his 
death, which occurred August 8, 1886. He married, in 1885, 
Kate Leisenring, a daughter of Jacob and Mary Leisening, of 
Bear Gap, Northumberland county, Pa. 


William H. Pratt was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., January 4, 1859. His residence was in Dunmore, Pa. At 
the commencement of the late civil war he entered the service 
and lost an arm. His wife was Catharine, daughter of John 

1294 Joseph Wright. 


Isaac McCord Cake, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., January 4, 1859, was a native of Northumberland, 
Pa., where he was born January 6, 18 17. His paternal grand- 
father, John Cake, was a native of Berks county, Pa. His wife 
was Susan Kirk, a native of Perkiomen Cross Roads, Chester 
county, Pa. John Cake, son of John Cake, and father of Isaac 
M. Cake, was born in Berks county January 1, 1789. He was 
brought to Northumberland in the same year, where he resided 
until his death, June 20, 1864. He was a justice of the peace 
there for twenty-five years. His wife, whom he married February 
22, 181 1, at Northumberland, was Sarah McCord, who was born 
at Easton, Pa., July 8, 1789. She was the daughter of Joseph 
McCord, a native of Stuartstown, Tyrone county, Ireland, whose 
wife was Sarah Jane Green, a native of Cornwall, England. They 
were married in Dublin, and were members of a Methodist colony 
that settled on the Lehigh river, in this state. Isaac M. Cake 
read law with Charles W. Hegins, at Sunbury, Pa., and was ad- 
mitted to practice in the courts of Northumberland county in 
1844. During President Polk's administration he was revenue 
agent and custom house inspector at Philadelphia. During the 
late civil war he was captain of Company I, Ninety-sixth Regi- 
ment Pennsylvania Volunteers. He was a man of more than 
ordinary intelligence, well read, of sedentary habits, and a con- 
firmed bachelor. While practicing his profession in this county 
he resided at Scranton. He died at Northumberland July 2, 


Joseph Wright was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., January 2, i860. He was born in this city June 18, 1839, 
and was the son of Hendrick B. WVight. (See page 2.) His 
mother was Mary Ann Bradley Robinson, a daughter of John 

Arthur Hamilton. 129: 

\Y. Robinson. (See page 1 1 84.) Joseph Wright practiced his 
profession in this city until April 23, 1861, when he was appoint- 
ed adjutant of the Eighth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, in 
the three months' service. He was mustered out with his regi- 
ment, July 29, 1 861 . On September 13, 1861, he was appointed 
captain of Company D, Seventieth Regiment, Pennsylvania 
Volunteers. He served in that capacity until his death, which 
occurred May 18, 1862, at the home of H. R. Coggshall, in Ger- 
mantown. Pa., of typhoid fever contracted in camp before York- 
town, Va. He was buried in this city with military honors, May 
20, 1862. Mr. Wright was an unmarried man. 


John Perry Craig was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., January 3, i860. His grandfather, John Craig, was a native 
of the north of Ireland, and at an early age emigrated to this 
country and settled in Columbia county, Pa. His son, John 
Craig, was a native of Columbia county. His wife was Mary 
Engle, a daughter of Silas Engle, a native of Germantown, Pa. 
John P. Craig, son of John Craig, was a native of Briar Creek 
township, Columbia county, Pa., where he was born February 
18, 1829. He was educated in the public schools of his native 
township, at the academy at Berwick, Pa., and a law school at 
Poughkeepsie, N. Y., and read law with M. E. Jackson, at Ber- 
wick. He was first admitted to the bar at North Bend, Indiana, 
then at Pottsville, Pa., and finally settled in Shickshinny, in this 
county. He was an unmarried man. He died February 21, 1862. 


Arthur Hamilton, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., February 20, i860, was a native of Scotland. He 
came to this country about 1852, and was for some time engaged 

1296 Corydon Hiram Wells. 

in the works of Dickson & Company, in Scranton, as a faithful 
and ingenious machinist. Leaving this occupation and becom- 
ing a citizen of the United States, he turned his attention to the 
study of the law. On October 26, 1861, he entered the army as 
captain of Company H, Seventy-sixth Regiment of Pennsylvania 
Volunteers. He was killed at the battle of Coosawhatchie, 
South Carolina, October 22, 1862. He was an unmarried man. 


Chester Butler Brundage was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., May 8, i860. He was born in the village of Con- 
yngham, in this county, September 4, 1838, and was the son of 
Moses S. Brundage and his wife, Jane Broadhead, and the brother 
of Asa R. Brundage, of the Luzerne bar. (See page 62.) He 
was educated at the Wyoming Seminary, Kingston, Pa., and 
Eastman's Business College, Poughkeepsie, New York. C. B. 
Brundage read law with his brother in this city, and after his 
admission practiced here and in Poughkeepsie. He married, 
January 3, 1861, Marie J. Mitchell, a daughter of Jethro Mitchell, 
of Poughkeepsie. They had one daughter, Gertrude M. Brund- 
age, who is now the wife of John S. Streeper, of Pottstown, Pa. 
Mr. Brundage died January 27, 1871, in the city of New York. 


Corydon Hiram Wells, who was admitted to the bar of Lu- 
zerne county, Pa., August 30, i860, is a son of John W. Wells. 
(See page 978.) Mr. Wells was born in Dundaff, Pa., October 
1, 1826. He was educated at Madison Academy, Waverly, Pa., 

John Holmes Ketcham. 1297 

and studied law with Hendrick B. Wright, in this city, but imme- 
diately located in Scranton, where he resided until his death, 
March 24, 1888. His wife was Mary G. Bass. Mr. and Mrs. 
Wells had a family of two children — Thomas F. Wells, for- 
merly of the Luzerne bar, now of the Lackawanna county bar, 
and Jennie R., wife of Rev. W. I. Stearns, pastor of the Wash- 
burn street Presbyterian church, Scranton, Pa. The Scranton 
Republican, in speaking of the death of Mr. Wells, said: "C. H. 
Wells was one of the most upright and most thoroughly respected 
men in this city, having spent a large share of his life here. He 
was always active in business and invariably just in every trans- 
action. No one had aught to say against Corydon H. Wells. 
He was a highly revered member of the W T ashburn street Presby- 
terian church, and that congregation has lost a stalwart supporter 
of its spiritual and temporal needs. Politically, he was a demo- 
crat, but not pronounced in his views on any governmental ques- 
tion, and hence his opinions were respected by men of every 
political complexion, because of the well-known honesty of pur- 
pose which he ever maintained therein. He sought no office, 
but the responsible position of assessor sought and found in him 
one who was acceptable to all his fellow citizens, and by his death 
the city loses an able, upright, and experienced official. The 
city, the church, his neighborhood, his acquaintances, and his 
friends will all sincerely unite with his relatives in mourning the 
death of Corydon H. Wells." George A. Wells, of this city, and 
John C. Wells, of Ashley, are brothers of C. H. Wells. 


John Holmes Ketcham, who was admitted to the bar of Lu- 
zerne county, Pa., August 20, 1861, was a native of Wilkes- 
Barre, Pa., where he was born March 24, 1830. He read law 
with A. T. McClintock, of this city. He was educated at Wyom- 

1298 Albert Chamberlain. 

ing Seminary, Kingston, Pa., and was for many years a clerk in 
the prothonotary's office, in this city. He was a brother of the 
late Winthrop Welles Ketcham, of the Luzerne bar. 


Albert Chamberlain, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., September 3, 1861, was a native of Bennington, 
Vermont, where he was born December 29, 181 1. He was a 
grandson of Benjamin Chamberlain, a native of Rhode Island, 
who was a soldier in the revolutionary war, and for a period of 
three months was a prisoner on board a prison ship in the East 
river, near New York. He died in 1822. His occupation was a 
scythe maker. Lewis Chamberlain, son of Benjamin Chamber- 
lain, was a native of Rhode Island, who removed to Vermont in 
1800, and married there, in 18 10, Nancy Palmer. In 18 13, with 
his wife and son Albert, he removed to Choconut, Susquehanna 
county, Pa., where he died, March 20, 1 87 1 , aged eighty-seven 
years. During the presidency of Andrew Jackson he received a 
commission as postmaster, which office he held without intermis- 
sion or reappointment until his death, a period of forty-two years. 
Albert Chamberlain, son of Lewis Chamberlain, was educated in 
the public schools of his neighborhood, and studied law with 
Bentley & Richards, at Montrose, Pa. He was admitted to the 
bar of Susquehanna county August 21, 1843. He was district 
attorney of Susquehanna county for six years, and was also for 
a number of years a justice of the peace at Montrose. From 
1869 to 1873 he was the United States assessor of internal reve- 
nue for the twelfth congressional district of Pennsylvania, and 
during this period he removed to Scranton from Montrose. 
While a resident of Scranton he was a member of the school 
board of that city. Mr. Chamberlain married, in- 1851, at Mid- 
dletown, N. Y., Harriet Durbrow, daughter of Joseph Durbrow. 
One son, Edward F. Chamberlain, is the issue of this marriage. 
Mr. Chamberlain died in Scranton December 2f, 1877. His 
widow and son survive him. 

John Reichard. 1299 


Sanford Grant, who was commissioned an associate judge of 
Luzerne county, Pa., November 23, 1861, was a native of Vernon, 
Tolland county, Connecticut, where he was born in 1800. He 
resided in Scranton the greater part of his life, of which he was 
one of the original proprietors. (See page 526.) He conducted 
the store of Scranton, Grant & Company, and in 1841 removed 
his family there. In September, 1845, Joseph H. Scranton pur- 
chased the interest of Mr. Grant and he retired from the firm. 
Sanford Grant was the son of Augustus Grant, a native of Ver- 
non, and his wife Asenath Fuller, a native of East Haddam, Con- 
necticut. Sanford Grant married, in 1827, Anna King, daughter 
of Lemuel King. His wife dying, he married a second time, in 
1837, Mary McKinney, a daughter of Justus McKinney, a native 
of Ellington, Connecticut, whose wife was Phila Fuller, a native 
of East Haddam. Mr. Grant died January 29, 1886. He left 
two sons to survive him — James C. Grant, now deceased, and 
Hezekiah K. Grant, who resides at Phillipsburg, Pa. 


John Reichard was commissioned an associate judge of the courts 
of Luzerne county, Pa., November 23, 1861. Hewasanative of 
Frankenthal, Bavaria, now Prussia, where he was born May 24, 
1807, and was a son of George Reichard, who kept the Red Lion 
hotel on the public square in that place. Judge Reichard left his 
native place in 1833, to come to America. He lived for a time with 
George F. Bamberger, now of this city, but then of Lower Smith- 
field township, Northampton county, Pa., who had preceded him 
from his native town three years, and in 1834 he came to this 
city. After his arrival here he established himself as a brewer, 
and from a small beginning it grew under his immediate direc- 
tion and that of his sons, Colonel George N. Reichard and Henry 

1300 John Reichard. 

C. Reichard, to be one of the principal business enterprises of 
this city. Judge Reichard was not, however, the pioneer in the 
brewery business in Wilkes-Barre. At an early day Thomas 
Ingham started a brewery on River street, below Union, which 
he carried on for several years. He was succeeded by Judge 
Reichard's cousin, Christian Reichard, who conducted the busi- 
ness until 1834, up to which time all the materials used had to be 
hauled in wagons from Philadelphia. Judge Reichard soon pur- 
chased the establishment from his relative, where, after recon- 
structing and enlarging the works very materially, he continued 
the business until 1874, when the buildings were torn down and 
the machinery removed to the more spacious quarters now occu- 
pied by Reichardsand Company (consisting of George N. Reich- 
ard, Jennie Reichard and George Weaver), on Water street, be- 
yond the county prison. Mr. Reichard married, in April, 1834, 
Wilhemina Schrader, a daughter of John Nicholas Schrader, who 
died in this city, October 3, 1874. Mrs. Reichard was also a 
native of Frankenthal. 

She had a right to claim some identity with the early history of 
our valley, she being a relative of Captain Philip Schrader, who 
was a conspicuous figure in the early history of Pennsylvania, 
and who accompanied General Sullivan as captain-lieutenant of 
the German battalion, in his expedition against the Indians in 
1779. The following commissions of Captain Schrader are in 
the possession of John Reichard, a son of Judge Reichard: One 
as captain-lieutenant in the German regiment, dated June 16, 
1779; one as captain of a company of rangers, dated September 
10, 1 78 1 ; one as captain in the corps of infantry commanded by 
Major James Moore, dated September 25, 1783 ; and one as one 
of the justices of the peace for Northampton county, dated April 
1, 1806. The Wyoming Jaegers was one of the earliest and for 
many years most prominent of German organizations in this 
city. It came into being in 1843, an d at its fi rst meeting John 
Reichard was chosen captain. This position he held for several 
years. He was also the first president of the Concordia society, 
an honorary member of the Saengerbund, as well as being prom- 
inently connected with other social organizations. In 1853 and 
1854 Judge Reichard was postmaster of the borough of Wilkes- 

Ira D. Richards. 1301 

Barre. In 1867 he was appointed by President Johnson consul 
to Ravenna, Italy. For more than half a century Captain 
Reichard, as he was familiarly called, had been an active and 
leading business man in Wilkes-Barre, during which time his 
honesty and integrity as a man had never been doubted or 
brought in question. During the later years of his life Judge 
Reichard spent much of his time in the land of his nativity. He 
died on shipboard on returning to this country, August 19, 1884, 
his final voyage being his twenty-sixth trip across the Atlantic. 
He left to survive him the following children — Colonel George 
Nicholas Reichard, married to Grizzy Gilchrist, daughter of P. Mc. 
Gilchrist ; Henry Colt Reichard, married to Jenny Griffin, daugh- 
ter of Elias Griffin ; John Reichard, married to Eliza C. Parrish, 
daughter of Gould P. Parrish (see page 593) ; Charles Wolf 
Reichard, married to Carrie E. Harrington, daughter of David C. 
Harrington (see page 874) ; Albertina L. Reichard, wife of the late 
J. H. Swoyer ; Catharine F. Reichard, wife of C. H. Leonard. 
Helena, wife of the late M. A. Holmes. She became the second 
wife of J. H. Swoyer. Julia Reichard, another daughter, married 
Colonel E. A. Hancock, of Philadelphia. She is now deceased, 
leaving one son, James Hancock, a graduate of Princeton Col- 
lege of the class of 1888. 


Ira D. Richards was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., November 26, 1861. He was born in 1826, and was a mem- 
ber of the Tioga county bar, and when admitted here he removed 
to Carbondale, where he resided up to the time of his death. 
From 1865 to 1869 he was district attorney of the recorder's 
court of Carbondale. In 1873 he was elected recorder, and on 
February 9, 1874, as he was entering the court house to dis- 
charge his duties, was taken with a severe hemorrhage which 
caused his death in about two hours. He was an able counsel- 
lor, a studious lawyer, and an upright judge. He left a widow 
but no children to survive him. 

1302 Canfield Harrison. 


John L. Gore was admitted to the Luzerne county, Pa., bar, 
January 22, 1862. He was the grandson of John Gore and his 
wife, Elizabeth Ross, and the son of John Gore and his wife, 
Ruth Searle. (See page 435.) His father was born in 1799, and 
died December 20, 1879. John L. Gore resided in Carbondale, 
Pa., and died there May 15, 1862. He was an unmarried man. 


Canfield Harrison, who was commissioned an associate judge 
of Luzerne county, Pa., July 3, 1862, was the grandson of Stephen 
Harrison, of Canaan, Connecticut, who moved with his wife and 
children to what is now Huntington township, this county, in 
April, 1778. After the battle and massacre he and his family 
returned to their former home in Connecticut, where they 
remained until 1789, when they returned to their former home in 
Huntington. His wife was Susanna Franklin, a sister of Colonel 
John Franklin. They had a son Jarius Harrison, whose wife 
was Huldah Fuller, who was the father of Canfield Harrison. 
He was born in Huntington in 1809. Mr. Harrison, in his early 
manhood, was a merchant, and in after years a hotel keeper. He 
resided in Carbondale for many years, and the Harrison house 
in that city derived its name from him. In 1861 he was mayor 
of the city of Carbondale. He married, in early life, Deborah 
Koons, a sister of Hon. John Koons. She was born in Monroe 
county May 7, 181 1. They had no children. In the latter 
years of their life they resided in Kloomsburg, Pa., where they 
died; Mr. Harrison on February 28, 1880, and Mrs. Harrison 
September 2, 1887. 

Edgar Leroy Merriman. 1303 


Edgar Leroy Merriman, who was admitted to the bar of Lu- 
zerne county, Pa., September 1, 1864, was a native of Franklin, Sus- 
quehanna county, Pa., where he was born January 7, 1844. His 
grandfather, Theophilus Merriman, was a native of Cheshire, New 
Haven county, Connecticut. He removed to Franklin township, 
Susquehanna county, Pa., in 1800. His wife was Susan Smith, 
a daughter of Captain Roswell Smith, also of Cheshire. The 
father of E. L. Merriman is Joseph L. Merriman (son of Theop- 
hilus Merriman), who was born in Franklin, September 1, 1817. 
His wife was Mercy Baker, a native of Greenfield township, Lu- 
zerne (now Lackawanna) county, where she was born February 
14, 1 81 6. Mr. Merriman was formerly a farmer, but has been 
engaged in the mercantile business for many years. During his 
early years Edgar was the brightest boy in the neighborhood. 
He was sent to a common school, where he received the first 
rudiments of his education. His fondness for study soon made 
him a good scholar, and he always stood at the head of his class. 
At twelve he was sent to the Montrose academy, and here again 
he applied himself diligently to his studies, and very soon pushed 
forward until he was among the foremost students. From Mont- 
rose he was sent to the Wyoming seminary, at Kingston, where 
he completed his education. 

Expressing a desire to study law, his father managed, fortu- 
nately, to get him into the office of Hon. Charles Denison, who, 
at the time, was one of the most prominent lawyers in Luzerne 
county. Here he began his studies with a determination to suc- 
ceed in the profession which he had chosen. Gifted with a natu- 
ral love for the intricate details of the rather dry rudiments of 
the text-books, the ambitious student applied himself faithfully 
to his task. It was a proud day for him when he first entered 
court as a full fledged lawyer, and prouder yet when he was made 
aware of the flattering opinions entertained for him by the exper- 
ienced and critical minds who applauded his efforts, and prophe- 
sied a brilliant future for him. 

1304 Edgar Leroy Merriman. 

One thing which aided Mr. Merriman in his earlier career was 
the fact that he possessed a natural love for dignity, which led 
him to seek his associates among the older and more experienced 
members of the bar. He had an agreeable presence, and a bright, 
breezy way with him that won the regard of his legal friends, 
and all of them took a deep interest in his welfare, and were ever 
ready with their superior wisdom to enlighten him on any ab- 
struse questions which puzzled him. 

In 1865 Mr. Merriman, after practicing about a year, had 
gained many warm friends. The political conventions met that 
year, and his ambition led him to seek the nomination for assem- 
bly in his district. The young lawyer made every effort to ob- 
tain it, but his youth appeared to be the barrier which frustrated 
his desires. He did not get the nomination ; but, nothing 
daunted, he applied himself more diligently to the labors of his 
profession, and gradually enlarged his sphere of work until his 
name became widely known and his practice more extended. Of 
course, he shared the benefits of being a pupil and associate of 
Mr. Denison, who aided him in every way possible. 

In 1870 Mr. Merriman was elected district attorney on the 
democratic ticket over Alexander Farnham, Esq. His election 
to the position of district attorney, and the subsequent oppor- 
tunities offered him to exhibit the rare abilities that he possessed, 
gave him greater notoriety, and brought him still more promi- 
nently before the public. At the conclusion of his term of office 
he went back to his professional labors, and was followed by a 
flattering patronage that brought to him fame and profit. In 
1875 Mr. Merriman was made chairman of the democratic county 
committee, and on October 7, 1876, he was nominated by the 
democratic convention, assembled in Wilkes-Barre, as their can- 
didate for congress. After his nomination he devoted nearly all 
of his time to the interests of his party, working night and day 
for that purpose. He had planned out an aggressive campaign, 
and if he had been spared his eloquent voice would have been 
heard throughout the length and breadth of Luzerne county in 
defense of those principles which he loved, and for which, it may 
be justly said, he sacrificed his young, hopeful, and honorable life. 

Although Mr. Merriman was the very picture of health, those 

Edgar Lerov Merriman. 1305 

who knew him best were aware that he was a great sufferer from 
internal disorders, arising from a diseased condition of the kid- 
neys, heart, and liver, which were greatly aggravated under 
mental or physical excitement. The strain upon Mr. Merriman's 
nervous system after his nomination was calculated to inflame the 
maladies to which he was subject, and though frequently warned 
against undue excitement and overwork, he still persisted in 
going on with his labors, notwithstanding that none knew better 
than himself that he was liable to drop off at any moment. A 
few days before his death he complained to his friends concern- 
ing his condition, and though they advised him to retire a short 
time from the more exciting efforts of the campaign, he failed to 
act upon their suggestions until it was too late, and on Thursday 
evening, August 31, he went home to his family in great distress. 
He retired at once, and his physician was summoned, who, being 
acquainted with his disorders, applied the usual restoratives. On 
Friday he was much worse, and other physicians were called in 
consultation. They all felt that their patient's case was a hope- 
less one, but they labored hard to relieve him from the terrible 
agonies which he was enduring. Everything that skill and ex- 
perience could suggest was brought into requisition, but Mr. 
Merriman's condition defied the united efforts put forth to restore 
him, and he continued to suffer and groan until early Sabbath 
morning, when death mercifully stepped in to relieve him of his 

Mr. Merriman was thoroughly conscious until a short time 
before his death. On Saturday morning Dr. Murphy informed 
him that there was no hope, that his death was simply a question 
of endurance. Mr. Merriman comprehended the awful signifi- 
cance of his physician's information, and replied that he knew he 
could not live ; but it was reserved for him to say farewell to the 
wife and children whom he dearly loved, and to a few personal 
friends gathered around his dying bed. They watched his strug- 
gles as he neared the dark river, and their hearts were made 
sadder because of the brave spirit which was yielding itself up in 
the agonies of physical torture. 

Upon the minds of his legal brethren the news of Mr. Merri- 
man's death fell like a thunderbolt, and when they remembered 

1306 Conrad Sax Stark. 

that his voice would be heard no more, that the breast which 
heaved with generous impulses was stilled forever, that the bright 
eye was dimmed, that the eloquent lips were mute and motion- 
less, the light step palsied, and the great heart of their associate 
locked in the cold and callous embrace of the dread destroyer, 
they could utter nothing but sighs, and sink back into a dreamy 
review of the past, and send out to their dead friend the incense 
of generous recollections. On May 17, 1866, Mr. Merriman 
married Ruth Lewis, the daughter of the late Sharp D. Lewis, 
an old and respected resident of Wilkes-Barre. He died Sun- 
day, September 3, 1876. Mr. and Mrs. Merriman had a family of 
three children — Edgar Leroy Merriman, Lewis S. Merriman, and 
Joseph Ross Merriman. Mrs. Merriman has since married Rev. 
Charles S. M. Stewart, an Episcopalian minister of Whitestone, 
N. Y. 


Conrad Sax Stark was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., November 30, 1864. He was the great-grandson of Aaron 
Stark, who fell in the battle and massacre of Wyoming. His 
grandfather was Daniel Stark, and his father was John D. Stark, of 
Pittston township, in this county. (See pages 389 and 566.) C. 
S. Stark was born in what is now Plains township, in this county, 
April 12, 1836. He entered Wyoming seminary, at Kingston, 
Pa., in 1854, and afterwards the New York Conference seminary. 
He graduated from Union college, at Schenectady, N. Y., in the 
class of i860. Before, during, and after his college course he 
taught school successively at Old Forge, Newton, Pittston, White 
Haven, in the state of Maryland, and for a while was one of the 
professors at Wyoming seminary. He studied law with W. G. 
Ward, at Scranton, and commenced the practice of his profession 
at Pittston. For fifteen years he had a large and increasing prac- 
tice, enjoying in a remarkable degree and without abatement the 
confidence and esteem of those who did business with him. He 
established the People's Savings bank of Pittston. Largely under 
his management as its president from the first, it was always a safe 

William F. Case. 1307 

and reliable institution. In the Methodist Episcopal church, of 
West Pittston, he was a charter member, trustee, and secretary 
of the board of trustees. He was also one of its Sabbath school 
teachers. He married, in early life, Georgia Mosier, a daugh- 
ter of the late Daniel D. Mosier, of- West Pittston. (See page 
450.) C. S. Stark died at West Pittston March 26, 1880. He 
left to survive him his widow and three children — Edgar W. 
Stark, now a law student in the University of Pennsylvania ; John 
Stark, and C. S. Stark. 


Philip Thomas Myers, who was admitted to the bar of Lu- 
zerne county, Pa., January 6, 1865, was a native of Kingston, Pa., 
where he was born May 7, 1839. His father, Madison F. Myers, 
was a native of Frederick county, Maryland, in which state he 
was born and reared, and where he resided until the autumn of 
1835. His mother was Harriet Myers, youngest daughter of 
Philip and Martha Bennett Myers, of P'orty Fort. Martha Ben- 
nett, his maternal grandmother, was a daughter of Thomas Ben- 
nett, one of the original settlers of Wyoming, and one of the 
forty men who constructed the fort after which Forty P"ort took 
its name. P. T. Myers was educated at Wyoming seminary, 
Kingston, and studied law in this city with Stanley Woodward. 
He practiced very littie on account of ill health, the result of an 
accidental shot. Before this accident he was a young man of 
prominence and ability, and bid fair for a long life of usefulness. 
He died, February 13, 1878, at Kingston. His sister married 
the late Hon. A. J. Weaver, of Iowa. He was an unmarried man. 


William F. Case was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., February 20, 1865. He had an office in Shickshinny, in this 
county. His widow subsequently married Luther M. Chase, of 
this city. 

1308 Isaac Joseph Post. 


Isaac Joseph Post, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., April 30, 1866, was a descendant of Richard Post, 
whose name first appears on the records of Southampton, Long 
Island, New York, in May 1643, when a home lot was granted 
to him by the proprietors. In 1681 he is recorded as giving land 
to his son John, and in 1687 he gave land to his son Joseph. In 
1688 he gave his homestead in Littleworth to his son-in-law, 
Benjamin Foster, and his daughter Martha, the wife of Benjamin 
Foster, and the last two were to provide for the wants of himself 
and his wife so long as they lived. He died about 1689. His 
wife's name was Dorothy. He had a son John, who died in 1687. 
He had a son Captain John, born in 1674. Captain John Post 
died March 3, 1741. He had a son Isaac, born 17 12, and died 
May 8, 1785. He had a son Isaac, who died about 1788. He 
had a son Isaac, born August 12, 1784, at Southampton. He 
came to Montrose, Pa., with his stepfather, Captain Bartlet Hinds, 
an officer of the revolution, originally from Boston, who came 
into what is now Montrose in 1800, as an owner and agent of 
lands for ex-Governor Huntington, of Connecticut, under the 
title of that state. During the first years after the arrival of the 
first family of settlers in Montrose, Isaac Post was the mill boy, 
and often went down to the mouth of the Wyalusing on horse- 
back after flour and provisions. He was also the cowboy and 
hunter ; was depended upon mostly for venison, was acknowl- 
edged to be the best woodsman — surest to keep the points of the 
compass and find his way home from the chase. He chopped 
some acres of forest in the upper part of his place before any of 
the family discovered it, and when it was discovered Captain 
Hinds supposed some squatter had been trespassing upon his 
premises. Young Post had done this by hiding his axe ; then tak- 
ing a gun, as if on a hunt, he would go to his chopping. As he 
often brought venison home at night no one suspected his busi- 
ness. He chopped down the first tree in Montrose ; helped 
build the first log house, in 1800 ; built the first frame house in 
1 806; the first store and the first blacksmith shop; was the first post- 

Isaac Joseph Post. 1309 

master in 1808. He also built the first turnpike, 1811-1814; ran the 
first stage ; was the first treasurer of the county. He passed 
through military grades from ensign to major, and from 181 1 to 
1 8 14 was brigade inspector, and as such had charge of the Danville 
expedition. He built the academy in 18 18; the Baptist meeting 
house in 1829; was a member of the state legislature in 1828 
and 1829, and associate judge of Susquehanna county from 1834 
to 1843. He was baptized into the Kridgewater Baptist church 
in 1810. In 1 814 he was challenged by a recruiting officer, 
Lieutenant Findley, to fight a duel. He did not signify his accept- 
ance, but Findley, on being told he could shoot a rooster's head 
off with a pistol, backed down and asked pardon.* He gave the 
county all of the public grounds and half of the lots as marked 
on the first town plot. There was not, during his life, a public 
improvement in which he did not have a prominent part as orig- 
inator or promoter. He was a prominent republican (as the dem- 
ocrats were originally called), and in 18 17 was a delegate from 
Susquehanna county to the convention at Harrisburg that nom- 
inated William Findley for governor. When in the legislature he 
secured the passage of an act making Susquehanna county a 
separate election district, when he knew this would defeat his 
reelection. He married his stepsister, Susana Hinds. Her 
father, Bartlet Hinds, was born at Middleboro, Massachusetts, 
April 4, 1755. He .was baptized into the Middleboro .Baptist 
church when about sixteen years of age by his father, Elder 
Ebenezer Hinds, then its pastor, and was the first Baptist church 
member that came into the county. He had served as a soldier, 
as private and first lieutenant, and was brevetted captain in the 
revolutionary army. He was shot through the left lung at the 
taking of Burgoyne ; was one of the "forlorn hope," claiming to 
having had command of the detachment at the storming of Stony 
Point, and first proclaimed "the fort is our own ;" served to the 
end of the war, after being wounded, in castle duty. He had a 
diploma entitling him to membership in the society of the Cin- 
cinatti, formed by officers of the army at the close of the revo- 
lution. For at least a dozen years after Captain Hinds brought 
his family to Luzerne (now Susquehanna) county the place was 
known as the Hinds settlement. He was the first justice of the 

1 3 io George Palmer Steele. 

peace. His age, his experience, his native shrewdness and en- 
ergy of character, and his piety withal fitted him for a pioneer 
and a prominent actor in all that pertained to the civil and relig- 
ious interests of a new county. He was greatly valued as a 
counsellor and faithful adviser. He died October 11, 1822. 
Rev. Albert L. Post, a Baptist minister, was a son of Isaac Post. 
His wife was Eleanor Williams, a daughter of Joseph Williams, 
of Pierstown, Otsego county, N. Y., who located in Susquehanna 
county in 1809. Isaac J. Post was a son of Rev. A. L. Post. 
He was born at Montrose June 21, 1837, and graduated from 
Yale college in the class of i860. He read law with William 
and W. H. Jessup, and was admitted to the Susquehanna county 
bar January 20, 1862. Soon after his admission he entered the 
army and remained in the service about a year. He then accept- 
ed a position under the solicitor of the treasury department at 
Washington. His salary was eighteen hundred dollars a year. 
He acted there in many intricate cases of litigation for the gov- 
ernment, being often detailed to settle large disputed claims. 
He remained in that position until 1866. He then went to Scran- 
ton and became a member of the law firm of Hand (Alfred) & 
Post. He married, June 23, 1868, Eliza B. Todd, daughter of I. 
M. Todd, of the state of New York. Mr. Post died July 10, 
1885. Two children survived him — Albert Todd Post and Charles 
Joseph Post. Mrs. Post resides at Montrose. 


Thomas Collins was commissioned an associate judge of Lu- 
zerne county, Pa., November 9, 1866. He resided in Dunmore, 
and had a son, Francis D. Collins, a member of the Luzerne 
county bar. (See page 905.) 


George Palmer Steele, who was commissioned an associate 
judge of Luzerne county, Pa., November 9, 1866, was a grand- 
son of Peter Steele, a native of New Buffalo, Perry county, Pa. 

George Thomas Smith. 131 i 

He removed to Northumberland, then to Hanover, in this county, 
prior to 1790. He lived on the river road below the red 
tavern, and died there in 1823. He had a son, Joseph Steele, 
born in Perry county in 1773, who came to Hanover with his 
father's family. His wife was Sarah Ransom. (See page 384.) 
George P. Steele was born in Hanover in 1801. He was a son 
of Joseph Steele. He was sheriff of Luzerne county from 1S41 
to 1844, and represented this county in the senate of Pennsylva- 
nia from 1856 to 1859. His first wife was Susan B. Crisman, a 
daughter of Abram Crisman, a son of Frederick Crisman, who 
came to Hanover as early as 1788 and built the red tavern. She 
died in 1847. They had two children — one, a daughter, became 
the first wife of F. J. Leavenworth, and the second, a son, Har- 
rison Steele. They are both deceased. George P. Steele mar- 
ried, for his second wife, Mrs. Lydia Doak [nee Eldridge.) She 
was the daughter of Robert Eldridge, a native of New London, 
Connecticut. George Palmer Steele, of Pittston, is the sole sur- 
viving issue of this marriage. Mr. Steele, during his life time, 
was principally engaged in hotel keeping. He erected the Lu- 
zerne house, at the corner of the public square in this city, which 
was known for years as Steele's hotel. He sold the same to Ziba 
Bennett, when the name was changed to the Luzerne house. Mr. 
Steele died in 1870. 


George Thomas Smith, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., April 3, 1867, was a son of the late Thomas Smith, 
of Waverly, Pa. (See page 871.) He was born at Waverly, 
in 1844, and was educated at Madison academy and the Har- 
vard law school, Cambridge, Mass. Mr. Smith, at the age of 
nineteen, took a position in one of the government depart- 
ments at Washington, D. C, which he held some three years, 
leaving it to enter Harvard law school. He also held a commis- 
sion in the signal corps of the army, from which he was hon- 

1 3 12 Rowland Metcalf Kidder. 

orably discharged. He read law in this city with A. T. McClin- 
tock, and practiced here until his death, September 4, 1871. He 
married, in 1867, Louise Palmer, a daughter of the late Gideon 
W. Palmer, of Glenburn, Pa. (See page 194.) She still survives 
him. Mr. and Mrs. Smith had a family of two children — Edith 
Smith and George Palmer Smith. George T. Smith was a brother 
of Andrew J. Smith, of the Luzerne bar. 


Joseph H. Campbell, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., November 12, 1867, was a son of Robert Campbell 
and his wife Catharine Mettler, a daughter of William Mettler. 
J. H. Campbell was a native of Rush township, Northumberland 
county, Pa., where he was born July 8, 1829. He was educated 
in the common schools of his neighborhood and at Lewisburg 
university. He also engaged in teaching in his young man- 
hood. He married, October 22, 1855, Mary Reed, a daughter 
of Jacob Reed and his wife, Maria Jones, a daughter of John 
Jones and Margaret Rockefeller, his wife. They were natives of 
New Jersey. Three children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Camp- 
bell — Howard H. Campbell, a member of the Lackawanna county 
bar; Mary Gertrude Campbell, and George B. Campbell. Mr. 
Campbell read law with Judge Jordan, of Northumberland county, 
and Judge Cooper, of Montour county, and was admitted to the 
Montour county bar, at Danville, Pa., September 20, 1858. In 
1 861 he was elected district attorney of Montour county for a 
term of three years, and in 1864 was reelected for a similar term. 
Shortly after the expiration of the latter term he removed to 
Scranton, where he practiced until his death, August 7, 1888. 


Rowland Metcalf Kidder was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., April 27, 1868. He was the son of Lyman Church 
Kidder, who was the son of Luther Kidder and Phebe Kidder, 

Isaac Smith Osterhout. 13 13 

his wife. (See page 1 175.) L. C. Kidder was born in Waterford, 
Vermont, April 18, 1802. He died December 10, 1850, in Janes- 
ville, Wisconsin. He followed the occupation of a surveyor. He 
was a member of Company I, First Regiment Pennsylvania Vol- 
unteers, commanded by Captain E. L. Dana, in the Mexican war. 
He married, March 27, 1825, Mary Dana, born June 16, 1808, 
in Wilkes-Barre, who died March 17, 1861. She was the 
daughter of Anderson and Mary (Stevens) Dana. Hon. Luther 
Kidder, who was a member of the bar of Luzerne county, was a 
brother of Lyman Church Kidder. Rowland Metcalf Kidder, 
son of Lyman Church Kidder and Mary Kidder, his wife, was 
born July 3, 1842, in Wilkes-Barre. At the age of eighteen years 
he enlisted in the Sixth Regiment of Pennsylvania Cavalry at the 
breaking out of the war ; was detailed for service as an orderly 
at army headquarters, and occupied that position during the 
period of General Hooker's command of the army of the Poto- 
mac ; was near General Hooker when the latter was wounded at 
the battle of Chancellorsville. His own horse was killed by a 
shot at about the same time the general was struck. He was 
present and behaved with marked coolness and courage in most 
of the battles in which the army of the Potomac was engaged, 
and also in the different raids, scouts and skirmishes in which his 
regiment participated. He was wounded at the battle of Gettys- 
burg, but soon recovered so as to rejoin his regiment, and at the 
battle of Spottsylvania, in June, 1864, was taken prisoner and 
confined at Andersonville until the close of the war. After re- 
turning home he studied law with his brother, Clarence Porter 
Kidder, in Wilkes-Barre. He removed to Colorado in July, 
1868. He became deputy United States surveyor for the territory 
of New Mexico, and surveyed a large portion of the territory, 
located many mines, laid out several towns, and did considerable 
railroad work. He died (unmarried] at Silver City December 25, 

l8 ?4- _. _ 


Isaac Smith Osterhout was commissioned, February 9, 1870, 
by Governor Geary, an associate judge of Luzerne county, Pa., 

1 3 14 Isaac Smith Osterhout. 

to fill a vacancy caused by the death of George Palmer Steele. 
The Osterhouts, as their name indicates, came originally from 
Holland. They settled first in Connecticut, whence they re- 
moved to Dover, Dutchess county, N. Y. Jeremiah Osterhout, 
grandfather of Isaac S. Osterhout, removed from Dover in 1778 
and settled at or near Tunkhannock, where he assisted in organ- 
izing the township of Putnam, one of the seventeen townships 
set apart to claimants under the Connecticut title. Isaac Oster- 
hout, son of Jeremiah Osterhout, and the father of Isaac S. Oster- 
hout, subsequently settled at a point now known as Lagrange, 
Wyoming county, Pa., where he engaged in merchandise and 
lumbering, and for some years kept a house for the accommoda- 
tion of strangers and travelers. He married, at Old Forge, 
Susanna Smith, a daughter of William Hooker Smith. (See 
page 219.) The forge was originally built by Mr. Smith, but his 
son-in-law, Colonel Napthali Plurlbut, ran it at this time. I. S. 
Osterhout's mother was born in a house which formerly stood at 
the corner of Northampton and PVanklin streets, on the lot 
owned and occupied by him at the time of his death, and now 
owned by G. W. Guthrie, M. D. The house Isaac S. Osterhout 
built and occupied at Lagrange is said to have been the first 
frame house erected between Pittston and Athens. This house 
is yet standing. Here I. S. Osterhout was born, October 26, 
1806. In 1 8 10 his father moved some three miles up the river, 
in 1 8 18 to Black Walnut, and in 1822 to the Provost farm, six 
miles above Tunkhannock, where he died June 27, 1824. He 
had, prior to his death, a share in the Hunt's ferry shad fishery. 
About 1820 I. S. Osterhout took a load of shad, salted in barrels, 
to Salina, N. Y., to exchange them for salt. Mr. Kinney accom- 
panying him took a load of whetstones. The trip was made in 
sleighs and occupied two weeks. The shad found a ready sale, 
but the whetstones were disposed of with much difficulty and at 
a sacrifice. When I. S. Osterhout was twelve years of age he 
was sent to school at the Kingston academy. In 1823 he came 
to Wilkes-Barre and engaged as clerk with Denison, McCoy & 
Davenport, who had a store on River street, where the Wyoming 
valley house now stands. He remained with them about a year, 
when he returned to Tunkhannock and engaged with Beach Tut- 

Isaac Smith Osterhout. 13 15 

tie, who was then in business there. In 1824 he went to Elmira, 
N. Y., and remained there until 1830, clerking for Tuttle & 
Covell. He then came to Kingston and clerked for Gaylord & 
Reynolds, and remained with them nearly a year. In the latter 
part of the last named year he came to Wilkes-Barre and entered 
into partnership in the mercantile business with his cousin, Whit- 
ney Smith. This partnership continued until 1834, when it was 
dissolved, and the business thereafter was continued by Mr. 
Osterhout alone. As an evidence of enhancement of values in 
Wilkes-Barre, it may be remarked that the premises occupied, 
now owned by H. Lowenstein, embraced thirty feet on Main 
street and fifty feet on the public square, with suitable space in 
the rear, and the rent was but thirty dollars a year. In 1837 Mr. 
Osterhout purchased of Rev. George Lane, for the sum of three 
thousand dollars, the valuable property still owned by the estate, 
comprising a frontage of one hundred feet on the northwest side 
of the public square, on which there was then a house and two 
stores. Mr. Osterhout continued in the mercantile business until 
1859. He had, after years of toil and industry skillfully directed, 
acquired an ample competency. He held the offices of secretary 
and treasurer of the Hollenback cemetery at the time of his death, 
and most of the time from its organization in 1854. He was also 
at the time of his death secretary and treasurer of the Wilkes- 
Barre water company, and had been from its inception. He was 
also at the time of his death, and had been for thirty years, the 
secretary and treasurer of the Wyoming Athenaeum. On Janu- 
ary 29, 1840, Mr. Osterhout married Elizabeth C. Lee, only 
daughter of Hon. Thomas Lee, of Port Elizabeth, Cumberland 
county, N. J., who was a prominent and highly respected citizen 
of that place, and represented the district in the congress of the 
United States. I. S. Osterhout died in Wilkes-Barre April 12, 
1882, and his wife April 28, 1887. They left no children. His 
munificent bequest to the city for the founding and support of a 
free library, and his large donations for christian and charitable 
objects, entitle him to be ranked and remembered as its leading 
and most liberal benefactor. The accumulations of a long life 
of industry and economy were devoted by him to the highest 
welfare — the moral and intellectual culture of the citizens of the 

1316 Isaac Smith Osterhout. 

town in which most of that life was passed and in which those 
accumulations were made. His estate, which was bequeathed 
to the founding of the library, amounted to about four hundred 
thousand dollars. We herewith give the provisions of the will 
for the maintenance and management of said library : 

"And I hereby give, bequeath, and devise all the rest and resi- 
due of my estate, real, personal, and mixed, to Hubbard B. Payne, 
of Kingston, Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, Lewis C. Paine, Ed- 
ward P. Darling, Edmund L. Dana (since deceased, vacancy filled 
by the election of Charles M. Conyngham), Harrison Wright 
(since deceased, vacancy filled by the election of Andrew F. Derr), 
Andrew H. McClintock, and Sheldon Reynolds, all of the city of 
Wilkes-Barre, in said county, and the survivors or survivor of 
them, and their heirs and the heirs of the survivor of them, in 
trust, nevertheless, to be held, appropriated, and used to and for 
the use and purpose of founding, establishing, and perpetuating 
in the said city of Wilkes-Barre a free library — the said residuary 
estate to be held and managed by my executors, hereinafter 
named, for five years from the time of my death, to accumulate, 
and the income of my said residuary estate for said five years to 
be added to said residuary estate, and the whole to be then used 
for and devoted to the establishing and maintaining in said city 
a free library, as aforesaid, to be called "The Osterhout Free 
Library," and the whole residuary estate aforesaid, with the 
accumulations thereof, to be then conveyed and passed over by the 
said trustees, or their survivors and successors, to an incorpora- 
tion, to be procured by the said trustees, or their survivors and 
successors, and named "The Osterhout Free Library," of 
which the said seven trustees, or, in case of the death of any of 
them, the survivors, and such person or persons as shall be named 
by the survivors in the place of any of said trustees that may be 
deceased at the time of such incorporation being obtained, and 
the rector of St. Stephen's church, of Wilkes-Barre, and the 
pastor of the First Presbyterian church, of Wilkes-Barre, and 
their respective successors, shall be the directors, making a board 
of nine directors, the said rector and pastor and their respective 
successors to be ex officio members of said board, and in case of 
death, resignation, or removal beyond the county of Luzerne of 
any of the first mentioned seven directors, the remaining direc- 
tors of said board shall fill all such vacancies as may from time 
to time occur, the said board to elect one of their number presi- 
dent, and one of their number secretary and treasurer for such 
term as may be fixed by the by-laws adopted by said board, and 
such other officers and employees as the said board shall find 

Isaac Smith Osterhout. 1317 

necessary and provide for under the by-laws that may from time 
to time be adopted. And in case there is any difficulty or delay 
in procuring, within five years from the time of my death, an act 
of incorporation such as I have recommended to be obtained, I 
hereby direct, authorize, and empower my said seven trustees, or 
the survivors of them, and such person or persons as such sur- 
vivors may appoint to fill any vacancies from death, resignation, 
or removal from the county of Luzerne (which appointments I 
hereby authorize and empower a majority of my said trustees to 
make), to establish such free library, to be called "The Oster- 
hout Free Library," on such foundation and under such rules 
and regulations for the government thereof as they may adopt, 
to use and appropriate such portion of my said residuary estate 
and the accumulations thereof as they may consider judicious 
and proper in the erection and furnishing of a proper and suit- 
able building for the said library, and the future requirements 
thereof, upon any lot owned by me in said city of Wilkes-Barre 
which they may select, or for the purchase of a suitable lot for 
such building in such location as they may consider best adapted 
for such building, at their discretion, and to use and appropriate 
such other portion of my said residuary estate and the accumu- 
lations thereof as they may decide upon to the purchase and pro- 
curement of books, maps, charts, and such other articles and 
things suitable for such library as they may deem proper and ap- 
propriate for a library, and to reserve, invest, and manage such 
other and remaining portion of my said residuary estate and the 
accumulations thereof to constitute a permanent fund, the income 
of which to be used and applied to the purpose of extending and 
increasing such library and defraying the necessary expenses of 
employing a librarian, and such other officers as may be found 
necessary, and of lighting, heating, and keeping open said library. 
And I hereby fully authorize and empower my said trustees and 
their successors to take such action in regard to the establishing 
and maintaining such library as they may judge fit and best, hav- 
ing in view the growth, preservation, permanency, and general 
usefulness of such library. 

"And in case an act of incorporation is obtained for the afore- 
said free library, I recommend an insertion of a provision that 
the directors named therein, as herein designated, shall from time 
to time fill all vacancies that may arise in their board by death, 
resignation, or removal from the county of Luzerne, by an elec- 
tion by the remainder of said board of suitable person or per- 
sons to fill all such vacancies as may from time to time occur in 
said board, and that in case of failure to fill any vacancies for 
three months, the president judge of the court of common pleas 

13 1 8 Isaac Smith Osterhout. 

for Luzerne county shall appoint a suitable person or persons to 
fill such vacancies, until such proper election be held to fill such 
vacancies ; my will and desire being that this trust shall not fail, 
and that the proper courts of said county shall have full power 
and authority to direct in regard to the proper application of this 
trust, so that my residuary estate and the accumulations thereof 
shall be used for and applied to the purpose to which it is hereby 
devoted, and my will is and I hereby direct that my said trustees, 
or their successors, or in case an incorporation is obtained, the 
directors thereof, may and shall, as soon after the expiration of 
five years from my death as they conveniently can, erect a suit- 
able building for such free library in such location within the 
city of Wilkes-Barre as a majority may select, and of such size, 
style, and arrangement as a majority may decide upon, and on 
such lot as such majority select from lots owned by me, or may 
purchase and have conveyed to the corporation, if an incorpora- 
tion shall have been obtained, or if not, to the proper then exist- 
ing trustees, and when such suitable building is completed may 
and shall purchase and procure and place therein proper and 
suitable books and reading matter, for the establishment of a 
useful and desirable free library, under rules and regulations to 
be adopted for the government thereof, reserving, however, such 
portion of my residuary estate hereby devised, so that the income 
thereof shall be amply sufficient to secure the services of a per- 
manent and suitable librarian, janitor, and such other officers as 
may be found necessary to keep such free library open and prop- 
erly arranged, seated, warmed, and lighted for the free use of all 
persons seeking access thereto, under the rules and regulations 
adopted for the government thereof, and to increase the said 
library by the purchase and addition from time to time of such 
suitable books and reading matter as will render said free library 
most useful and improving to those that may resort thereto and 
avail themselves of the benefits thereof. 

"And my will is and I further direct that in the erection and 
arrangement of the building hereby authorized, the same shall 
be so constructed that in addition to the space required for the 
accommodation of said free library and the increase thereof as 
hereinbefore provided for, a portion of said building shall be de- 
voted to the use and accommodation of the Wyoming Historical 
and Geological society, without charge for rent, heat, or light of 
the rooms that may be devoted to and used for the purposes of 
said society ; my said trustees, and their successors, or the direc- 
tors of said free library, to designate the portion of said building 
to be used by said society, and to have the general control and 
supervision of said building. * 

* * 

Jabez Alsover. i 3 19 

"And I further authorize my aforesaid trustees and the sur- 
vivors of them, and the successors of any vacancies, or the di- 
rectors of the corporation, if such be obtained, at their discretion, 
to organize and establish a course of free lectures on some scien- 
tific or literary subject, or some other useful and improving subject 
calculated to interest and improve those who may attend thereon, 
not, however, to expend upon such course of lectures in any one 
year a sum exceeding two thousand dollars, and only when the 
income reserved for the increase of the library will bear the ex- 
penditure for such course without detriment to or interfering 
with the proper use and increase of the library, which I declare 
to be the main purpose to which I desire to devote my said resid- 
uary estate. 

"And I further authorize my aforesaid trustees, and the sur- 
vivors of them, and the successors of any vacancies, or the di- 
rectors as aforesaid, to accept any gift, bequest, or devise of 
books, money, or property for the use of said free library, and to 
furnish shelves to be occupied by the books given or purchased 
with the proceeds of any such gift, bequest, or devise, and when 
the books donated or purchased are sufficient to fill an alcove or 
considerable space, to designate and mark such alcove or space 
with the name of the donor. In case of gifts of books, however, 
those in legal charge of said library shall determine whether the 
books offered as a gift are of such character as may be poper 
and suitable, and if in their judgment such books, or any of them, 
are not of such character, they shall reject the same ; and all 
moneys and property bequeathed or devised to said library shall 
be expended by and be entirely under the control of those legal- 
ly in charge of said library, to be by them devoted to the best 
interests thereof." 


Jabez Alsover, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., May 3, 1870, was a native of Easton, Pa., where he was born 
September 26, 1843. He studied law in Mauch Chunk, Pa., with 
Daniel Kalbfus, and soon after his admission to the Carbon 
county bar removed to Hazleton, in this county, where he resided 
up to the time of his death. During the late civil war he served 
in the three months' service under Captain Horn, and afterwards 

1320 Bf.njamin Franklin Pfouts. 

enlisted for three years, and was discharged from the Frederick 
City (Maryland) hospital after a service of two years. At the 
time of his death, December 2, 1878, he was one of the attorneys 
of the Lehigh Valley Railroad Company, and also of several coal 
companies, and in addition had a large private practice. He 
married, in Mauch Chunk, in 1865, Hannah Dodson. 


Benjamin Franklin Pfouts was commissioned an associate judge 
of Luzerne county, Pa., November 9, 1870. He is a descendant 
of John Pfoutz, who was the first settler, in 1755, in what is now 
Pfoutz's valley, Perry county, Pa. He was the first considerable 
land owner, hence had the honor of giving his name to the 
valley. Leonard Pfouts, son of John Pfoutz, was born at Berry's 
Falls, Perry county, Pa., January 18, 1774. The wife of Leonard 
Pfouts was Nancy Covenhoven (pronounced Cronover), a daugh- 
ter of Robert Covenhoven. He was born, of Dutch parents, in 
Monmouth county, N. J., December 7, 1755. He was much em- 
ployed during his youth as a hunter and axeman to the surveyors 
of land in the valleys tributary to the north and west branches of 
the Susquehanna. The familiarity thus acquired with all the 
paths of that vast wilderness rendered his services eminently 
useful as a scout and guide to the military parties of the revo- 
lution, which commenced about the time of his arrival at man- 
hood. It is unnecessary to say that the graduate of such a school 
was fearless and intrepid, that he was skilled in the wiles of In- 
dian warfare, and that he possessed an iron constitution. With 
these qualifications, at the call of his country in 1776 he joined 
the campaigns under General Washington. He was at the bat- 
tles of Trenton and Princeton. His younger brother had also 
enlisted, but his father took his place, and the general, with his 
characteristic kindness, permitted the boy to return and protect 
his mother. In the spring of 1777 Robert returned to his home 
on the West Branch, where his services were more needed by the 

Benjamin Franklin Pfouts. 1321 

defenceless frontier than on the sea coast. Mr. Covenhoven was 
one of those men who were always put forward when danger and 
hard work were to be encountered, but forgotten when honors and 
emoluments were to be distributed. Nevertheless, he cheerfully 
sought the post of danger, and never shrank from duty, although 
it might be in an humble station. Few men passed through more 
hairbreadth escapes, few encountered more personal perils in 
deadly encounters with savages than Mr. Covenhoven. He was 
very useful to General Sullivan as a spy and a guide up the 
North Branch in 1779 to the Indian country. It is said that he 
was in the unfortunate company commanded by Lieutenant 
Boyd, and was one among the few that escaped the dreadful mas- 
sacre. When the din of battle ceased and peace was restored to 
the land, Covenhoven came and settled permanently on the West 
Branch. He resided there until declining age admonished him 
to relinquish the pursuits of the agriculturist and seek a more 
quiet and sedate life. For a part of the time he resided with 
Colonel George Crane, near Jersey Shore, Pa., and the other part 
in the family of Leonard Pfouts, another son-in-law, near North- 
umberland, Pa, where he died October 29, 1849. He nes buried 
in the graveyard at Northumberland. 

B. F. Pfouts, son of Leonard and Nancy Pfouts, was born at 
Jersey Shore, Pa., April 12, 1809. He was educated at Rev. 
John Hayes Grier's private school in his native place. Prior to 
his removal to this county he was deputy sheriff in Northumber- 
land county. During the years 1857, 1858 and 1859 he was one 
of the commissioners of Luzerne county. Judge Pfouts died in 
Hanover January 6, 1874. He married, February 5, 1841, 
Mary Frances Sively. She is the daughter of George Sively, a 
native of Easton, Pa., where he was born April 30, 1789. He 
died in Hanover township, in this county, February 5, 1854. He 
was the son of George Sively, M. D., who came to this country 
from Germany when a young man. His wife was Jane Bald- 
win, whom he married in Philadelphia. He was a surgeon in 
the French army. He died near P^aston December 12, 181 2. 
The mother of Mrs. Pfouts was Frances Stewart, a daughter of 
Lieutenant Lazarus Stewart, jr. He was born in Lancaster 
county, Pa.; married Dorcas Hopkins; came to Hanover with 

1322 Wesley S. Wilmarth. 

his cousin, Captain Lazarus Stewart, about 1770; was lieutenant 
of the Hanover company ; was in the battle and massacre of 
Wyoming, and was killed there July 3, 1778. He was the son 
of Alexander Stewart, who was the son of Lazarus Stewart, the 
emigrant. Judge Pfouts left to survive him one son — George 
Sively Pfouts, who was born in Hanover March 5, 1842. His 
first wife was Emma Quick, a daughter of Thomas Quick. She 
died February 23, 1873. He has since married Fanny A. Eck- 
rote, a daughter of Peter A. Eckrote. 


Dennis Alexander McQuillan, who was admitted to the bar of 
Luzerne county, Pa., June 21, 1871, was a native of Wilkes- 
Barre, where he was born September 25, 1846. His father, Den- 
nis McQuillan, for some years a school director of this city, was 
born in Cork, Ireland. His mother, Elizabeth McQuillan {nee 
McDonald) was born in county Louth, Ireland. D. A. McQuil- 
lan was educated in the public schools of this city, Dana's acad- 
emy, and Yale college, graduating from the latter institution in 
the class of 1869. He read law with Stanley Woodward, and 
practiced in this city until 1872, when he removed to Portland, 
Conn., where he practiced his profession until his death, Septem- 
ber 4, 1886. He married, August 27, 1879, Kate McKinley, a 
daughter of Archibald McKinley, a native of county Antrim, 
Ireland. Her mother, Eliza McKinley {nee Anderson) was born 
in the same place. Mr. and Mrs. McQuillan have had three 
children, Charles McQuillan being the only one who survives. 


.Wesley S. Wilmarth, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., October 16, 1871, was a native of Harford, Susque- 
hanna county, Pa., where he was born October 7, 1834. He 

James Bryson. 1323 

worked as a boy and man on his father's farm, and subsequently 
entered the law office of W. H. Jessup, at Montrose, with a view 
of fitting himslf for the legal profession. When the late civil 
war broke out he was about one of the first to enter the service. 
At the close of the war he returned to Montrose, and subse- 
quently came to Scranton in 1870, when he entered the law 
office of Hand & Post, and there completed his studies. He died 
in Scranton May 8, 1875, leaving a widow to survive him. 


William Vanderbelt Myers, who was admitted to the bar of 
Luzerne county, Pa., February 13, 1872, was a son of the late 
Thomas Myers (see page 650) and Elizabeth C. Myers {nee Van- 
derbelt), his wife. He was born in Kingston May 31, 1850. He 
was educated at Saunders Institute, Philadelphia, and read law 
in this city with T. H. B. Lewis. He died September 24, 1874. 
Pie was an unmarried man. 


James Bryson, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., March 21, 1872, was a native of Minersville, Pa. He read 
law in Columbia county, and was admitted to the bar there in 
December, 1869. He was district attorney of Columbia county 
while residing there. He was a son of John and Catharine 
(Gorrell) Bryson, natives of Ireland, who, coming to this coun- 
try, were married in Philadelphia, from whence they removed to 
Minersville. The mother died at Harrison, Schuylkill county, 
Pa., but the father is still living and resides in Philadelphia. Mr. 
Bryson practiced law in Hazleton for a number of years, and in 
1879 was the candidate for district attorney of Luzerne county 

1324 Eugene W. Simrell. 

on the labor ticket, but was defeated by Alfred Darte, the candi- 
date of the republican party. He died at Philipsburg, Pa., in 
1887. Hon. William Bryson, of Centralia, Pa., was his brother. 


Ivan Thomas Ruth was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., October 28, 1872. He was a native of Forestville, Bucks 
county, Pa., where he was born June 18, 1847. He was the son 
of Jesse Ruth, a native of Montgomery county, Pa., where he 
was born in 18 10. I. T. Ruth was educated in his native county 
and at Millersville, Pa., normal school, from which he graduated 
in 1866. He read law with George Lear, at Doylestown, Pa., 
where he was first admitted to practice. While following his 
profession in this county he resided at Scranton. Pie subse- 
quently removed to Delmar, Iowa, where he died November 19, 
1878. He was an unmarried man. 

eugp:ne w. simrell. 

Eugene W. Simrell was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., June 4, 1874. His great-grandfather, William Simrell, emi- 
grated with his family from Ireland and settled in Rhode Island. 
His grandfather, Nathaniel Simrell, son of William Simrell, was 
born in Rhode Island ; married Lydia Wall ; moved from Rhode 
Island and settled in Scott township, Luzerne (now Lackawanna) 
county, about the year 1800. Warren W. Simrell, son of Na- 
thaniel Simrell and father of E. W. Simrell, was born in Scott 
township, and married FYances C. Decker, daughter of Stephen 
and Louisa (Giddings) Decker. E. W. Simrell was born in Scott 
township October 3, 185 1. He received his education in the 
common schools of Scott township, Gardner's commercial school, 

Harrison Wright. 1325 

Scranton, Wyoming seminary, and at the Bloomsburg and Mans- 
field normal schools. In 1873 he entered the Albany, N. Y., 
law school, from which institution he graduated in 1874 with the 
degree of LL. B. He opened a law office in Scranton the same 
year. In 1875 he was appointed by the United States Circuit 
Court a commissioner for the western district of Pennsylvania, 
which position he held up to 1880. In 1879 he was elected dis- 
trict attorney of Lackawanna county. He was a married man. 


[The following biographical sketch of Harrison Wright was read before the 
Wyoming Historical and Geological Society May 8, 1885, by George B. Kulp, 
Esq., Historiographer. We insert it entire.] 

"Yea, hope and despondency, pleasure and pain. 
We mingle together in sunshine and rain; 
And the smiles and the tears, the songs and the dirge, 
Still follow each other like surge upon surge." 

At the last regular meeting of this organization Harrison 
Wright sat with us, to all outward appearances in the full bloom 
of perfect health. His unselfishly ambitious love for the pursuits 
coming within the scope of this organization, making it impossi- 
ble for us, during years past, to think of the organization without 
thinking of him as its most ardent friend and principal sustainer, 
was apparent in almost everything done at that meeting and 
noted in the minutes of its proceedings which have just been read 
to us. He was then as hopeful and enthusiastic as he was active 
and energetic. In every project the society looked to him, often 
for leadership, always for generous and important assistance. His 
natural talent for historical research, perfected by most careful 
cultivation, was in demand to elucidate the numerous subjects, in 
the examination and exposition of which this society zealously 
aims to be a careful student and intelligent teacher. We were 
with him then, and depending upon him then, as we had been 
with him and dependent upon him a hundred times before, and 
as we fondly hoped and expected to be with him and to depend 
upon him hundreds of times again. Yet in less that a fortnight he 

1326 Harrison Wright. 

had been summoned to that other world, of which the highest 
knowledge attainable in this leaves us in darkness penetrable only 
by the light of the lamp of resignation and faith. It is generally 
understood that the illness which resulted in his death was caused 
by the insidious draughts of raw, damp air that found their way 
into the museum of this society at a time when he was engaged 
in gathering some details for a report upon its status, which 
report was his last official communication to us. If anything 
could, this fact would add to the gratefulness in which we hold 
his memory as one whose devotion to our society's interests was 
without a selfish thought, whose services rendered in its behalf 
were beyond computation in value and who was truly one of the 
chief pillars of its strength. 

Harrison Wright was born in this city July 15, 1850, and was, 
therefore, at the time of his death, February 20, 1885, not quite 
thirty-five years of age. That he was enabled in so short a life- 
time to accomplish so much, seems at first glance as surprising 
as it is that a man so full of usefulness and promise should have 
been called away, when there are so many others the world could 
much better have spared. That he inherited at least a part of his 
peculiar enthusiasm and fitness for the work in which he engaged 
is a conclusion which must force itself upon even those who have 
least faith in such inheritance, after they shall have informed 
themselves somewhat of the ancestry from which he sprung. 
That ancestry identifies the blood which flowed in his veins with 
that of the moving spirits in the earliest history of our city, 
county and state ; in the primary and progressive developments 
of the vast mineral resources of this particular section of our 
great commonwealth ; in the grandest unfolding of the sciences 
and arts in this country, and in various important scientific and 
patriotic undertakings in other countries. There is nothing par- 
ticularly original in the manner of the presentation of the inter- 
esting facts which, in the performance of my duty as the histori- 
ographer of this society, I here follow — the work of compiling 
them having been well advanced by Harrison Wright himself in 
his lifetime. 

Harrison Wright was the descendant in the sixth generation 
of John Wright, one of the first settlers of Burlington county, 

Harrison Wright. 1327 

New Jersey, and who was the first settler at Wrightstown, in 
that county, being in fact the founder of the village or little town 
of that name. He came from England in 1681 with William 
Penn's colony of Quaker immigrants. He held a commission of 
justice of the peace and captain of the militia under the royal 
seal of Charles II. A diary kept by this pioneer is still in the 
possession of the family. Among other things therein recorded 
it appears that he "subscribed and paid ^"3 towards building the 
brick meeting-house." This building is still standing, after a 
lapse of two hundred years, and was probably the first meeting- 
house erected in that state. It appears also that he " made the 
first barrel of cider in the state of New Jersey." The circum- 
stances attending the jubilee over this "first barrel of cider" I must 
insert. In was an event in the history of the new country. "He 
invited all his neighbors to partake; they very willingly attended. 
Duke Fort was appointed tapster, and a merrier assemblage 
never took place in the neighborhood of Penny Hill, for so 
Wrightstown was then called." Among the curiosities contained 
in this old diary I add the following: "The soil is very productive 
and the earth yields very bountifully, but then, the farmer has 
poor encouragement, considering that those terrible pests, the 
wild geese and wild turkeys, destroy almost entirely one's crops." 
The wife of John Wright was Abigail Crispin, daughter of Silas 
Crispin, the elder. After the grant of Pennsylvania to William 
Penn, Silas Crispin was appointed surveyor general, and sailed 
with William Crispin, his father, John Beryar and Christopher 
Allen, who were appointed commissioners to go to Pennsylvania 
with power to purchase lands of the Indians and to select a site 
for and lay out a great city ; but, dying on the voyage, Captain 
Thomas Holmes was appointed his successor, April 18, 1682 
He was a native of Waterford, Ireland, and is said to have served 
in the fleet under Admiral Penn in the West Indies when a 
young man. He sailed from the Downs, April 23, accompanied 
by two sons and two daughters, Silas Crispin, the son of his 
predecessor in office, and John, the eldest son of James Claypole. 
Thomas Holmes made his home in Philadelphia, and owned land 
in Bristol township, Bucks county, Pa., but it is not known that he 
ever lived there. His daughter Hester married Silas Crispin, who 

1328 Harrison Wright. 

came to America with him. These were the parents of Mrs. Wright. 
The mother of Silas Crispin, the elder, was a sister of Margaret Jas- 
per, the mother of William Penn, which made him the first cousin 
of the founder. Samuel Wright, son of John Wright, was born at 
Wrightstown in 17 19 and died in 1 78 1. His wife was Elizabeth 
Haines, daughter of Caleb Haines, of Evesham. Caleb Wright, 
son of Samuel Wright, was born at Wrightstown, January 14, 
1754. He married Catharine, daughter of John Gardner, in 1779, 
and removed with his family to the "Susquehanna country" in 
1795. He purchased and settled upon a farm in Union township, 
Luzerne county, Pa., two miles above Shickshinny, where he 
remained till 181 1 and then returned to New Jersey. Mr. and 
Mrs. Wright lived to a good old age after their removal to New 
Jersey, and their remains are interred at the Friends' burial- 
ground at East Branch, Upper Freehold, Monmouth county, N. 
J. Joseph Wright, son of Caleb Wright, was but a boy of ten 
years when his father removed from Wrightstown to the Susque- 
hanna country. Previous to the return of his father to New Jer- 
sey he had married, and established a small retail store in 
Plymouth, and he alone of the family remained in our county. 
He was a resident of the town of Plymouth for more than half a 
century, and during that long period was intimately connected 
with its municipal government and was one of its representative 
men. He was the second person in the mercantile business in 
Old Plymouth. He, however, continued but a short time in this 
occupation, afterwards devoting his attention to the interests of 
his farm. His ancestors for two hundred years had belonged to 
the Society of Friends ; he steadily adhered to the faith of this 
religious order of people to the hour of his death. Notwith- 
standing he had been expelled from the society, because he had 
married outside of the church limits and in direct violation of 
its discipline, he ever considered himself as one of the order, 
however, and bound by its formulas and creed. It is, however, 
somewhat difficult to reconcile his professed religious obligations 
in view of his conduct in entering the service in the war of 18 12. 
We find him in Captain Halleck's company of Pennsylvania militia 
on the march for the defense of Baltimore. Patriotism had tri- 
umphed over sectarian fealty, the tri-colored cockade usurped 

Harrison Wright. 


the broad-brim. The regiment, however, never saw active ser- 
vice. Mr. Wright married, June 15, 1807, Ellen Hendrick, widow 
of Moses Wadhams, deceased. She was the daughter of John 
Hendrick, who was a descendant in the fourth generation of Dan- 
iel Hendrick (who was of Haverhill in 1645, and had been of 

Hampton in 1639) and Dorothy Pike, daughter of John Pike, of 

Newbury, in 1635. Joseph Wright had three sons. Hendrick 
Bradley Wright, his eldest, was a very prominent lawyer at the 
Luzerne bar. He represented Luzerne county in the lower house 
of the state legislature in the years 1841, 1842, 1843, and the lat- 
ter year was speaker of that body. In 1844 he was president of 
the democratic national convention which nominated James K. 
Polk for the presidency. In 1852, 1853, 1861, 1862, 1863, 1876, 
1877, 1878 and 1879, he represented Luzerne county in the na- 
tional congress. He was the author of "A Practical Treatise on 
Labor," and "Historical Sketches of Plymouth," his native town. 
He died in Wilkes-Barre September 2, 1881. Caleb Earl Wright, 
the second son of Joseph Wright, is still living and resides at 
Doylestown, Pa. He is also a prominent lawyer. He was pres- 
ident of the first borough council of Doylestown, district attorney 
of Bucks county, and while a resident of Luzerne county held 
the office of collector of internal revenue under President John- 
son, and was a member of the Pennsylvania constitutional con- 
vention of 1874. He is also an ordained minister of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church, and is the author of a novel under the 
title of "Wyoming," from the press of Harper Brothers, and a 
romance under the title of "Marcus Blair," published by J. B. 
Lippincott & Co. The third and youngest son of Joseph Wright 
was Harrison Wright, the father of the subject of our sketch. He 
was born at Plymouth January 24, 18 1 5. Perhaps no better 
estimate of his character can be given than that found in the pro- 
ceedings of a meeting of the bar of this county held immediately 
after his death. At this meeting the late John N. Conyngham was 
president, E. L. Dana secretary, and Warren J. Woodward chair- 
man of the committee on resolutions, which reported as follows : 
"We are summoned to this meeting under circumstances of most 
painful interest. We are met to render our professional tribute to 
the memory of Harrison Wright. Death within a few years past 

133° Harrison Wright. 

has made sad havoc in our ranks. Recently, and at brief intervals, 
we have been required to record the successive loss of Chester 
Butler, Luther Kidder and Horatio W. Nicholson. They were 
stricken down in the very prime of their usefulness and in the 
very summer of their years. The grasp of the common destiny 
of us all was unrelentingly and unrelaxingly fastened upon 
them in the midst of the strongest ties to life — in the enjoyment 
of high social and professional position — of the public confidence 
and regard — of the reputation that results from high office 
and great wealth. But in no instance has the blow fallen so 
severely upon us as it has fallen now. Mr. Wright has been con- 
stantly among us — with the exception of a few months passed in 
the legislature during the year 1855, he had devoted himself dur- 
ing almost twenty years to the practice of the law. Almost every 
man who is gathered here, from the very day of his admission 
into the profession, has been habituated to his presence in our 
courts. We have all been under obligations to him for assist- 
ance and advice, most readily and most gratefully rendered. We 
have felt deep obligations to him for the kindly spirit which has 
characterized the intercourse of the members of the bar, and 
which in a great measure was created by his counsel and exam- 
ple. It is due to his reputation, as well as to ourselves, that 
regret for his early death and respect for his memory and sympa- 
thy for his surviving family should be expressed by the members 
of that profession which he loved and honored and illustrated and 
adorned throughout his life. Mr. Wright was a thorough law- 
yer; deeply imbued with the profound principles which form 
the fountains of our legal system, he kept himself constantly 
familiar with the current exposition of those principles by the 
court. His acquaintance with the details and forms of business 
was most accurate and minute. In his whole heavy and long- 
continued practice he was, in every case, untiring, indubitable and 
indefatigable. In the preparation and trial of causes he was 
laborious, wary, methodical, accurate and prompt. And he was 
a most accomplished advocate. In all the long history of our old 
court house its walls have resounded to no eloquence more attract- 
ive or more effective than his. An entire generation of the people 
of our whole county must pass away before the memory of his fine 

Harrison Wright. 1331 

person, his impressive manners and his prompt tones shall be 
forgotten. In the varied and growing business interests of the 
community the premature death of Mr. Wright will be severely 
felt. Born and bred in the Wyoming valley, his sympathies and 
his heart were here. To promote the prosperity of the county of 
Luzerne his time and his purse were always given. In the very 
best and most enlarged sense of the phrase, he was a man o 
public spirit. In the improvements made and progress around 
us the mark of his hand and intellect is everywhere visible. To 
the erection of our churches; to the schemes for the develop- 
ment of our mineral resources; to the organization of our gas 
company; to the measures requisite to secure the completion 
of the North Branch canal; to the efforts to extend to this county 
the general mining law, productive as this has been of such won- 
derful results ; to the establishment of our law library; to every 
feasible scheme for the advancement of the material interests of 
our community, his influence and liberality have been ungrudg- 
ingly and effectively extended. He was a peculiarly unselfish 
man. And he threw into every effort for the public good, as he 
threw into every professional struggle in which his sympathies 
were aroused, all the astonishing vigor, energy and enthusiasm 
of his character, regardless of individual results for himself. It 
was a peculiarity of Mr. Wright's position that he numbered among 
the members of the profession an unusually large proportion of 
personal friends. His relations with many members of the bar 
were of the most intimate and confidential kind. With almost all 
of them these relations were marked by uniform courtesy and 
cordiality. He was a true, faithful, reliable and active friend, and 
no considerations of personal interest or personal ease ever induced 
him to abandon the man whom he had promised to serve or who 
held a claim for his service. In every relation of life Mr. W r right had 
upright and single aims. He was a resolute man. He pursued 
boldly and unflinchingly the path of duty open before him. And 
with his extraordinary abilities, his attractive and impressive man- 
ners, his clear, quick, sound judgment, the unbounded confidence 
of the community in his honor, integrity and faith, his steadiness of 
nerve and his strength of purpose, he wielded an influence upon 
systems and events around him almost without parallel or exam- 

1 33 2 Harrison Wright. 

pie. For reasons thus hastily and imperfectly sketched, we do 

'"Resolve, That we have learned the fact of the death of Harrison 
Wright, Esq., on August 25, 1856, with feelings of deep and 
abiding regret. His loss will be felt as an individual grief by 
each one of us, connected as we have been with him in relations of 
intimate social and professional intercourse, but we bow in sub- 
mission to that Power that 'doeth all things well.' That we most 
cordially recognize the varied claims which *Mr. Wright in his 
lifetime established upon our esteem, respect and gratitude ; for 
his courtesy and kindness of heart ; for his strict honor and man- 
liness of character; for his great abilities, his learning and his 
eloquence; for his abiding love of his profession; for his labori- 
ous performance of every duty of an active and useful life, and for 
his unselfish devotion to the public good, we will cherish his 
memory while our own lives shall last." 

Thus was the character of Mr. Wright portrayed by those who 
had the most intimate relations with him and who knew him best. 
[Harrison Wright left the following children to survive him : Har- 
rison Wright, the subject of this sketch; Josephine Wright, who 
intermarried with Arthur W. Hillman; Augusta McClintock 
Wright, now deceased ; Jessie L. Wright, now deceased, inter- 
married with W. J. Harvey, who left to survive her one son, Rob- 
ert R. Harvey ; Sarah H. Wright, who intermarried with G. W. 
Guthrie, M. D. ; and Jacob Ridgway Wright.] 

The wife of Harrison Wright, sr., and the mother of the 
subject of our sketch, was Emily Cist, daughter of Jacob Cist, 
and a descendant of Charles Cist, who was the son of a well-to-do 
German merchant, who had been attracted to St. Petersburg, 
Russia, at the beginning of the eighteenth century by the liberal 
inducements offered to foreigners by Peter the Great, and who 
there met and married Anna Maria Thomassen. Their second 
child, Charles Cist, was born in St. Petersburg, on August 15, 
1738, and was baptized on the 21st of the same month in the 
Evangelical Eutheran church of St. Peter, in that city. At a 
very early age he showed such a fondness for and application to 
his studies that his father gave him every advantage which the 
schools of St. Petersburg at that period afforded, and already on 
April 23, 1755, at the age of sixteen, we find him matriculated as 

Harrison Wright. 1333 

studiosus medicines at the University of Halle, on the Saale, one of 
the leading universities of Germany. Owing to the incomplete- 
ness of the records of the medical faculty of the university at that 
time, it is impossible to state now how long he remained there or 
whether or not he took a degree, though it is likely he did take 
the latter, as he was later a practicing physician in St. Petersburg 
and had there a large apothecary and drug business. The liberal 
policy adopted by the far-seeing Peter towards professional and 
scientific men, as well as to the foreign merchants located in Rus- 
sia, insured protection to Charles Cist in the early days of Cath- 
arine ; and the income of his business enabled him to amass con- 
siderable property and to collect the finest cabinet of minerals in 
the city of St. Petersburg, and one whose rarities the highest 
dignitary of the church thought worthy of a Sunday visit to ex- 
amine. But when his success was at its highest a change came. 
Filled with liberal ideas too far advanced to be tolerated in des- 
potic Russia, he joined with others in a proposed revolution, 
which, being discovered by the authorities, was suppressed, his 
property confiscated, and he, in 1767, an exile at Omsk, in Sibe- 
ria, from whence he escaped and fled, a political refugee, to the 
hospitable shores of America, arriving in Philadelphia, in the ship 
Crawford, on October 25, 1773. Directly after his arrival he met 
Henry Miller, who was at that time publishing a German paper 
in Philadelphia, entitled Pennsylvanischer Staatsbote, and who, 
desiring some competent person to translate articles from English 
exchanges into German for the Staatsbotc, offered the position to 
Charles Cist until he should become acquainted in Philadelphia 
and acquire enough money to start in his regular business. The 
offer was accepted, and the printing business pleased him so well 
that he remained for two years with Miller, and in December, 
1775, entered into copartnership with Melchior Styner, who had 
been Miller's foreman, and they established a printing office of their 
own. At the beginning of our revolutionary troubles this firm 
published a newspaper in the German language, but not receiving 
the necessary support and encouragement it was discontinued in 
April, 1776. Many pamphlets on the critical questions of those 
disturbed times were issued from the press of Styner & Cist, 
among others Thomas Paine's "American Crisis." During the 

1334 Harrison Wright. 

war Styner and Cist were both enrolled as members of the Third 
Battalion of Pennsylvania militia, and on June 20, 1777, Charles 
Cist took the voluntary oath of allegiance and fidelity. Upon 
returning to Philadelphia after the evacuation of the British, the 
firm continued the printing business, and in the year 1779, besides 
publishing "Regulations for the Order and Discipline of the Troops 
of the United States" and a number of other pamphlets, they again 
commenced the publication of a German newspaper. In 1781 
the copartnership, after existing for nearly six years — years most 
eventful in the history of this country — was by consent dissolved. 
Henry Miller, instead of discouraging the formation of this firm, 
seems to have aided and assisted in every way; and in after years 
when Cist had gained a competency and Styner was still strug- 
gling along, Henry Miller died and left the fortune, or a large 
part of it, which he had accumulated during a busy life, to Styner. 
In 1784 Charles Cist, together with Seddon, John O'Connor, and 
others, started an English newspaper entitled The American Her- 
ald and General Advertiser, but for want of encouragement it was 
discontinued ; and at a meeting of the proprietors, held July 3, 
1784, it was resolved that the publication of the paper should 
cease and the subscription money be refunded to the subscribers. 
On October 1, 1789, Charles Cist, together with Seddon, William 
Spottswood, James Trenchard, and the well-known Matthew Ca- 
rey, started the Columbian Magazine, a monthly miscellany. With- 
in the year 1789 Trenchard became the sole proprietor, and the 
subsequent numbers were published by him alone. Mr. Cist 
published between the years 1 781-1805 a large number of reli- 
gious, political and educational works, in at least four languages, 
among which, in German, in the year 1783, was " Wahrheit und 
guter Rath an die Einwohner Deutschlands, besonders in Hes- 
sen," and in 1789, "Der Amerikanische Stadt und Land Kalender ;" 
and continued in the threefold capacity of printer, publisher and 
bookseller until his death in 1805. In this latter year he pub- 
lished, among other works, a reprint of Rev. Andrew Fuller's 
"The Gospel its own Witness." Mr. Cist was a member of the 
German Society of Pennsylvania; in 1782 was a member of the 
school committee, and in 1795 secretary of the association. He 
was also the secretary of the Fire Insurance Company 

Harrison Wright. 1335 

of Philadelphia, and announces in May, 1793, that this company 
had procured an apparatus to save people from burning houses ; 
it consisted of an elevated basket. Under the administration of 
the elder Adams he received the contract for printing official 
documents. In the year 1800 he went to Washington and ar- 
ranged at great expense a printing office and book bindery, pur- 
chased real estate, built several houses, and believed he had a 
good, remunerative position, but it was not long after the victory 
of the democratic party in 1801 that he lost his privileges and 
returned to Philadelphia poorer than when he left. In writing to 
his son Jacob in regard to his losses in Washington, under date 
of February 7, 1803, he says: "Misfortunes follow one upon an- 
other and bear the more severely upon me at my time of life 
when I, in a manner, must begin the world anew. But I trust in 
Providence, and the conscience of the rectitude of my actions 
supports me under the complicated evils that the loss of my place 
has brought upon me. Heaven forgive my enemies ; they have 
done me more harm than they intended." In aback room of his 
printing office he had arranged a small laboratory to which it 
was his delight to withdraw, when business permitted, to experi- 
ment with chemicals. Here he discovered and patented colors 
for dyeing from the quercitron bark ; he manufactured on a small 
scale cakes of water-color paints, and prepared, by grinding, 
paints for oil painters. It was here, too, that he tested the "black 
stone" discovered on the Lehigh by Philip Ginter and taken to 
Philadelphia by Colonel Weiss, and which he pronounced to be 
anthracite coal. He was one of the founders and largest stock- 
holders of the "Lehigh Coal Mine Company," which was founded 
in 1792. He died of apoplexy while on a visit to his brother-in- 
law, Colonel Weiss, at Fort Allen, on December 1, 1805, and lies 
buried in the Moravian burial-ground at Bethlehem. He was 
sanguine in his disposition, punctual and of most rigid integrity 
in his business relations, courtly in his manners, and yet of most 
modest demeanor, which recommended him to all classes with 
whom he came in contact. He was unassuming and unpreten- 
tious, and yet his university education and his knowledge of the 
literature of several languages rendered him welcome among the 
savants of the then metropolis of the new world. The purity and 

1336 Harrison Wright. 

simplicity of his character was at all times a source of admiration 
with those who knew him, and when his trials and losses came 
he had the sympathy of every one. Even some of those who were 
the cause of them afterwards repented of the action which they 
had taken and tried to retrieve it by kindness to his son while he 
was in Washington. A brother and two sisters residing in Russia 
survived him, all of whom were married, and their descendants 
are to-day scattered throughout the length and breadth of Russia. 
He married, June 7, 1781, Mary, daughter of John Jacob and Re- 
becca Weiss, who was born in Philadelphia June 22, 1762, and 
had eight children, all of who were living at the time of his death. 
The father of Mrs. Charles Cist, John Jacob Weiss, was born 
in the village of Wahlheim, near Bietigheim, in the kingdom of 
Wurtemberg, Germany, on July 20, 1721. His parents were 
John Jacob and Mary Elizabeth Weiss. He was confirmed in 
the Lutheran church of his native village in 1736, and in 1740 
emigrated to America, landing in Philadelphia in September of 
that year. On October 24, 1746, he married Rebecca Cox, of 
Swedish descent. She was born November 23, 1725, in Passa- 
yunk township, now in Philadelphia, and reared in the Lutheran 
religion. Her father, Peter Cox, who died in January, 1751, aged 
sixty-three years, was the grandson of Peter Lawson Koch, who 
came from Sweden in 1641 with the third Swedish colony, and 
settled upon the Delaware. On January 8, 1749, when the United 
Brethren were favored with a particularly blessed day, the occa- 
sion being a visit of Brother John (Bishop Spangenberg) and 
others, John Jacob Weiss and his wife Rebecca were received 
into the Brethren's association and admitted to the holy com- 
munion. In the month of June, 1750, he purchased a hundred 
acres of land in Long valley, in the present county of Monroe, 
partly on Head's creek. He took the oath of allegiance to 
George II April 12, 1750, before Chief Justice Allen, and to the 
United States July 2, 1778. Mr. Weiss was a surgeon, and had 
his place of business for many years on Second street, Philadel- 
phia. He died September 22, 1788, and was buried next day in 
the Moravian burial ground, in Philadelphia. His wife, Rebecca, 
died July 3, 1808. The old Moravian record says: "She was a 
communicant of our church and a simple, genuine follower of 

Harrison Wright. 1337 

the Lord." Mr. and Mrs. Weiss had eleven children, of whom 
Mary, the tenth child, became the wife of Charles Cist. She was 
born in Philadelphia June 22, 1762. and was baptized the 25th 
of the same month by Rev. George Neisser. 

It may not be out of place in this sketch of our late associate 
to portray the character of Colonel Jacob Weiss, the brother of 
Mary Cist. He was born in Philadelphia September 1, 1750, 
and after the commencement of hostilities between the mother 
country and the colonies he entered the continental service in the 
first company of Philadelphia Volunteers, commanded by Cap- 
tain Cadwalader, and after having performed a tour of duty, he 
was, at the earnest recommendation of General Mifflin, then act- 
ing quartermaster general, to whom he had served an appren- 
ticeship in the mercantile line, and who knew him to be a trusty 
and proficient accountant, appointed a deputy quartermaster gen- 
eral under him, and subsequently under General Greene, in which 
station he remained until General Greene took command of the 
southern army, October 30, 1780; the admirable arrangement of 
the quartermaster general's department and the able manage- 
ment of General Greene, enabled the army to move with facility 
and dispatch. The means possessed by the commissary's depart- 
ment were inadequate to supply the army's wants and frequently 
caused great distress, and often rendered its condition deplorable. 
The financial embarrassment which followed upon the rapid 
depreciation of the continental money was a greater bane to the 
cause of the patriots and a more insidious enemy than the power- 
ful foe which confronted them. Prices rose as money sunk in 
value. The commissaries found it extremely difficult to pur- 
chase supplies for the army, for the people refused to exchange 
their articles for the almost worthless paper. At the close of the 
year 1779 thirty dollars in paper was only equal in purchasing 
value to one of specie. After the defeat of the American army 
in the battle of Brandywine, September 1 1, 1777, the road to 
Philadelphia was open to the enemy. There was great conster- 
nation among the people when they heard of the approach of 
the British army. Mrs. Weiss frequently spoke of the excite- 
ment that followed ; every one tried to getaway ; fabulous prices 
were paid for all kinds of conveyances. Her husband was with 

1 33 (S Harrison Wright. 

the army, and she was left to her own resources. She was for- 
tunate in procuring a conveyance, and taking with her the wear- 
ing apparel of the family and a few household articles, started 
with her family for Bristol. Upon her arrival there she found 
the hotel used as a hospital for the wounded soldiers. The sight 
of these greatly distressed her, as she said it was the most sick- 
ening sight she ever beheld. In the following month Colonel 
Weiss sent his family to Easton. During those perilous times 
he was almost constantly attached to and followed the various 
and often sudden movements of the main army, which proved a 
very harassing and arduous service. By the advice of General 
Greene, who, in his farewell letter to him, highly and affection- 
ately commended him for the faithful performance of the various 
duties imposed upon him, he accepted the appointment of assist- 
ant deputy quartermaster general, at Easton, for the county of 
Northampton, in the fall of 1780, in which capacity he served 
until the close of the war. In June, 1780, Colonel Weiss moved 
his family from Easton to Nazareth. After closing up the busi- 
ness of his department in 1783, he retired from the public ser- 
vice, and purchased a tract of land on the Lehigh river, north of 
the Blue mountain, including the broad flats, upon which is 
located the town of Weissport, Lehigh county, Pa. This was 
the site selected by the Moravian missionaries in 1754 for their 
mission, when the land on the Mahoning became impoverished. 
Here they erected dwellings for their Indian converts and built 
a new chapel. To this wild and secluded spot he brought his 
family in the spring of 1786. The inhabitants were few and 
simple in their habits, unburdened by the restraints and conven- 
tionalities of modern life. Nor had they need of many of the 
things we now consider necessary to our health and comfort. 
An umbrella was considered a great novelty, and Mrs. Weiss at 
first attracted some attention by carrying one on a rainy day. 
The Colonel's residence was built near the site upon which Fort 
Allen (named in honor of Chief Justice Allen) formerly stood. 
"It was in the beginning of the month of January, 1756," writes 
Dr. Franklin, "when we set out upon this business of building 
forts. The Indians had burned Gnadenhutten, a village settled 
by the Moravians, and massacred the inhabitants; but the place 

Harrison Wright. 1339 

was thought a good situation for one of the forts. Our first 
work was to bury more effectually the dead we found there. The 
next morning our fort was planned and marked out, the circum- 
ference measuring four hundred and fifty-five feet, which would 
require as many palisades to be made, one with another, of a foot 
in diameter each. Each piece made three palisades of eighteen 
feet long, pointed at one end. When they were set up, our car- 
penters built a platform of boards all around within, about six 
feet high, for the men to stand on when they fired through the 
loop-holes. We had one swivel-gun, which we mounted on one 
of the angles and fired it as soon as fixed, to let the India 
know, if any were within hearing, that we had such pieces, a 
thus our fort (if that name may be given to so miserable a stock 
ade) was finished within a week, though it rained so hard every 
other day that the men could not well work." Within the en- 
closure around the Colonel's house was the well, which was dug 
inside the fort by Franklin's direction, and long remained as a 
memorial of the old Indian war, and also testified to what "Poor 
Richard" knew about digging wells. It continued to furnish an 
abundant supply of pure water until it was destroyed by the 
devastating flood, which swept through the valley of the Lehigh 
in 1862. The bell of the old Moravian chapel was found near 
this well by one of the workmen while digging a post-hole. 
Under the energetic management of Colonel Weiss the flats 
around his dwelling and the adjacent hills were rapidly cleared 
up and cultivated, while the surrounding forests furnished an 
abundant supply of lumber for his mills. To protect the soil 
from floods a fringe of trees was left along the bank of the river, 
and the Lombardy poplar was planted along the roads and 
around his dwelling to furnish shade. While thus engaged in 
transforming the wild glens of the Lehigh into fertile fields and 
changing these savage haunts into the peaceful abodes of civi- 
lized life, he probably realized that "peace as well as war has its 
victories." About this time he was also engaged in business with 
Judge Hollenback, trading under the firm name of Weiss & Hol- 
lenback. This partnership commenced as early as 1785 and con- 
tinued as late as 1788. In the year 1791 an event occurred, in 
itself apparently trifling, but fraught with momentous results to 

1340 Harrison Wright. 

the future interests of this section of country. This was the dis- 
covery of coal in the Lehigh district. The story of its discovery 
is doubtless familiar to many. Nevertheless, as Colonel Weiss 
was prominently connected with its discovery and first introduc- 
tion to the public, a brief reference to the same may not be 
amiss. A hunter of the name of Philip Ginter had taken up his 
residence in that district of country. He built himself a rough 
cabin and supported his family by hunting in the dense and 
primitive forests, abounding in game. On the occasion to which 
we are now referring, Ginter had spent the whole day in the 
woods without meeting with the least success. As the shades of 
evening gathered around he found himself on the summit of 
Sharp mountain, several miles distant from home ; night was 
rapidly approaching, and a storm of rain was advancing, which 
caused him to quicken his pace. As he bent his course homeward 
through the woods he stumbled over the root of a tree which 
had recently fallen. Among the black dirt turned up by the 
roots he discovered pieces of black stone. He had heard per- 
sons speak of stone-coal as existing in these mountains, and con- 
cluding that this might be a portion of that stone-coal, of which 
he had heard, he took a specimen with him to his cabin, and the 
next day carried it to Colonel Jacob Weiss. The Colonel, who 
was alive to the subject, took the specimen with him to Philadel- 
phia and submitted it to the inspection of John Nicholson and 
Michael Hillegas, and also to Charles Cist, before referred to, 
the brother-in-law of Colonel Weiss, who ascertained its nature 
and qualities, and told the Colonel to pay Ginter for his dis- 
covery upon his pointing out the place where he found the 
coal. This was readily done by acceding to Ginter's proposal 
of getting, through the regular forms of the land office, the title 
for a small tract of land on which there was a mill-site, and 
which he supposed had never been taken up, and of which he 
was unhappily deprived by the claim of a prior survey. Messrs. 
Hillegas, Cist, Weiss, Henry, and some others soon after formed 
themselves into what was called the Lehigh Coal Mine Company, 
but without a charter of incorporation, and took up about ten 
thousand acres of till then unlocated land, which included the 
opening at Summit hill, and embracing about five-sixths of the 

Harrison Wright. 1341 

coal lands of the Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company. The 
coal mine company proceeded to open the mines ; they found 
coal in abundance, but like the man who caught the elephant, 
they hardly knew what to do with it. Between the coal mine 
and the distant market lay a vast expanse of wild and rugged 
mountains and valleys. The Lehigh river, in the season of low 
water, in its then unimproved state, almost defied the floating of 
a canoe over its rocky bed. There was an abundance of wood 
at low prices and no demand for stone coal. A rough road, 
however, was constructed from the mines to the Lehigh, about 
nine miles in length. After many fruitless attempts to get coal 
to market by th'is road and the Lehigh river, the Lehigh Coal 
Mine Company became tired of the experiment and suffered 
their property to lie idle for many years. But Colonel Weiss, 
notwithstanding the inauspicious outlook, determined that the 
coal should at least be introduced to the acquaintance of the 
public. He filled his saddle-bags from time to time and rode 
around among the blacksmiths in the lower counties, earnestly 
soliciting them to try it. A few accepted the proffered supplies 
and used it with partial success. The rest threw it aside as soon 
as the Colonel was out of sight, quietly remarking that they 
thought he must be getting crazy. William Henry, then engaged 
in manufacturing muskets under a contract from Governor Miff- 
lin, employed a blacksmith residing in Nazareth, and prevailed 
upon him to try to make use of this coal, but after three or four 
days' trial, altering his fireplace frequently, but all to no purpose, 
became impatient and in a passion threw all the coal he had in 
his shop into the street, telling Mr. Henry that everybody was 
laughing at him for being such a fool as to try to make stones 
burn, and that they said Mr. Henry was a bigger fool to bring 
those stones to Nazareth. The coal mine company, desiring to 
render their property available, granted very favorable leases to 
several parties successively, only to have them abandoned in turn 
when the difficulties and losses of the enterprise became mani- 
fest. The project was allowed to rest until the Lehigh Coal and 
Navigation Company, by building dams and sluices and other- 
wise improving the navigation of the Lehigh, and constructing 
a good road between the mine and river, succeeded in sending 

1 342 Harrison Wright. 

coal to the Philadelphia market in sufficient quantities and at 
prices which at length attracted the attention of the public. In 
the year 182.0 three hundred and sixty-five tons of coal were 
sent to market. This quantity of coal completely stocked the 
market and was with difficulty disposed of. Colonel Weiss, hav- 
ing had the misfortune to be deprived of his eyesight for about 
twenty years before his death, and later becoming extremely 
deaf, which misfortune he bore with exemplary resignation, did 
not enjoy seeing and being fully apprised of the fruits of his 
labor and ardent desires. He was a man of liberal education, 
strong minded, remarkable memory, and generous disposition, 
esteemed and respected by all who knew him. He died at 
Weissport January 9, 1839. Nearly three score years have 
passed away since he was compelled, by reason of advancing age 
and failing eyesight, to relinquish the active duties of life. How 
marvelous the results which have since taken place in the growth 
of that enterprise of which he was the pioneer ! 

Jacob Cist, eldest son of Charles and Mary Cist, was born in 
Philadelphia, on March 13, 1782. On September 5, 1794, when 
only a little over twelve years of age, his father sent him to the 
Moravian boarding school, at Nazareth, in Northampton county, 
Pa., where he remained three years, leaving on June 10, 1797, 
after completing the established course of study at that time re- 
quired, which, besides a thorough study of all the ordinary English 
branches, included a knowledge of Greek, Latin, German, and 
French. His love for and talent of easily acquiring languages 
he seems to have inherited from his father, who was an accom- 
plished and enthusiastic linguist, and the knowledge derived from 
a three years' course under competent teachers was the ground- 
work upon which he perfected himself in after years. Here, too, 
under the old French drawing-master, M. A. Benade, he acquired 
a considerable knowledge of drawing and painting. He was par- 
ticularly happy in catching a likeness. On his return to Phila- 
delphia, in 1797, he assisted his father in the printing office, de- 
voting his spare hours to study, and in the year 1800, when his 
father purchased property in Washington city and erected a 
printing office there, he went to that place to take charge of the 
office. Upon his father's relinquishing the business in Washing- 

Harrison Wright. i 34^ 

ton he determined to locate there, and' applying for a clerkship 
secured one in the postoffice department, which he retained from 
the fall of 1800 until he removed to Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. 
in the year 1808. So well satisfied were Mr. Granger and his 
successors with the capabilities of Mr. Cist that upon his arrival 
in this city he was appointed postmaster, which office he retained 
until his death in 1825, thus having been for a quarter of a cen- 
tury in the employ of the postoffice department. His father, 
writing to him in 1802, says : "As it is to your good conduct in 
the federal city that I chiefly ascribe the confidence the post- 
master general places in you and the kindness he shows in pro- 
curing you an advantageous post, I cannot refrain of recommend- 
ing you the same conduct in your future stages of life as the 
surest means of forwarding yourself in the world with credit and 
reputation." His spare time in Washington he appears to have 
devoted principally to painting and literature. He has left a 
good picture of Mr. Jefferson and an admirable copy of Gilbert 
Stuart's portrait of Mrs. Madison, which she permitted him to 
paint, and a number of miniatures. Being obliged to mix his 
own paints, and not finding a mill to suit, he invented one and 
patented it in the year 1803. 

He was a contributor to The Literary Magazine as early as 
1804, and to Charles Miner's paper in Wilkes-Barre. Mr. Miner 
writes, under date of November 28, 1806: "I am charmed with 
your piece on 'Morning.' It possesses all the life, spirit, and 
variety of that charming season;" and December 26, 1806; 
"Your 'Noon' is in type. If you are but a young courtier at the 
shrine of the muses, you have been unusually fortunate in ob- 
taining their approbation ;" and February 19, 1807 : ."Your last 
letter containing your 'Night' was very welcome. The descrip- 
tion is truly natural and elegant, and its only fault was its short- 
ness. I hope you will often favor me with your poetic effusions 
or prosaic lucubrations;" and at other times he writes : "Your 
four pieces on 'Morning,' 'Noon,' 'Evening,' and 'Night' have 
been warmly commended by a literary friend in Philadelphia." 
Again : "From the friendship shown you by the muses, I sus- 
pect you visit their ladyships more than just 'a vacant hour now 
and then.' So great a portion of their favor as they have be- 

1344 Harrison Wright. 

stowed on you, I should not suppose was to be obtained but by 
a close and constant courtship. I thank you for the communi- 
cation and shall always be happy to have my paper improved by 
the production of your fancy. Your address to your candle is 
excellent and shall appear next week." 

He contributed to the Port Folio from 1808 to 18 16. The pub- 
lishers, writing to him in 1809, say : "We have to acknowledge 
many interesting and valuable communications from you. We 
rank you among our most valuable correspondents and will hope 
for a continuance of your favors." His communications to this 
magazine were many and varied ; at one time it was poetry, at 
another the description of some new machine, sometimes over the 
letters "J. C," and others over the letter "C." Many of the old 
settlers will still remember his sketches with pen and pencil of 
"Solomon's Falls" and "Buttermilk Falls." In the May num- 
ber, 1809, is a drawing and description by him of Mr. Birde's 
"Columbian Spinster ;" in the March number, 18 11, a drawing 
and description of "Eve's Cotton Gin," and in the October num- 
ber, 18 1 2, an "Ode on Hope." 

Jacob Cist was married on August 25, 1807, by the Rev. Ard 
Hoyt, to Sarah Hollenback, daughter of Judge Matthias Hollen- 
back, of Wilkes-Barre, Pa., whom Charles Miner at that time 
described as "a charming little girl, apparently about sixteen 
years old, the natural rose on her cheek heightened by exercise, 
and a sweet smile playing about her lips." On her mother's 
side she was descended from old New England stock. Mrs. 
Hollenback's father, Peleg Burritt, Jr., was a grandson of Ensign 
Stephen Burritt, who, according to Hinman, was "a famous In- 
dian fighter," and commissary general to the army in King 
Phillip's war, and his father, William Burritt, the first of the name 
in this country, was an original settler in Stratford, Connecticut, 
prior to 1650. Her mother, whose maiden name was Deborah 
Beardslee, was the granddaughter of P^benezer Booth, the son of 
Richard Booth, by his wife Elizabeth (Hawley,) who was living 
in Stratford in the year 1640. Her father's grandfather was a 
landholder in Pennsylvania as early as 1729. 

After his marriage he returned to Washington and remained 
there until the spring of 1808, when he removed to Wilkes- 

Harrison Wright. 1345 

Barre and entered into partnership with his father-in-law, under 
the firm name of Hollenback & Cist, which existed a number of 
years. For three years Mr. and Mrs. Cist lived at Mill Creek, 
but in the fall of 181 1 they moved into their new house on Bank 
street, now River street, in this city. At an early day Jacob Cist's 
attention was attracted towards the uses of anthracite coal. He 
was a boy of ten years when his father experimented on the Le- 
high coal and might possibly have seen him at work. He must 
often have heard his father conversing with Colonel Weiss, both 
in Philadelphia and Bethlehem, on the feasability of opening their 
mines and making a market for the Lehigh coal long before he 
was old enough to appreciate the importance of the undertaking 
or the disadvantages under which these pioneers in the coal trade 
labored in persuading people of the practicability of using stone- 
coal as a fuel, though in after years, by observation and study, 
v he saw its importance and he learned by a practical experience 
the labor and disappointments attendant on its introduction to use. 
As early as the year 1805 he conceived the idea of manufactur- 
ing a mineral black for printers' ink, leather lacquer, blacking, 
etc., from the Lehigh coal, and the results of his experiments 
were secured to him by patent in the year 1808. In regard to 
his discovery Chief Justice Gibson wrote the following letter to 
Thomas Cooper, who published it in the Emporium of Arts and 
Sciences, Vol. II, new series, page 477 : 

"Wilkes-Barre, Feb. 23d, 18 14. 

"Dear Sir — I send you a likeness of one of your friends. 
There is nothing remarkable in it, except that it is done with the 
stone-coal of this place instead of India ink. It is prepared for 
use by rubbing a bit of it on a fine hard stone in gum water, just 
thick enough to hold the particles in suspension. It is then laid 
on in the usual way with a camel hair pencil. By a comparison 
with a drawing in India ink you will, I doubt not, give the prefer- 
ence to the coal, as it will be found free from a brownish cast ( 
always perceivable in the former. The harshness observable in 
the enclosed drawing arises from the extreme badness of the 
pencil I was obliged to use and not from the quality of the ink, 
(which is susceptible of the greatest softness). The coal is found 

1346 Harrison Wright. 

to be superior to lamp or ivory black for paint, printers' ink, and 
blacking leather. It also makes the best writing ink for records 
that has yet been discovered. The color is deeper, and is not in 
the least effected by the oxy-muriatic acid or any other chemi- 
cal agent, and must remain unaltered by time. The application 
of coal to these purposes was discovered by Jacob Cist, of this 
place. He has obtained a patent. 

Very sincerely, your friend, 

John B. Gibson. 
Thomas Cooper, Esq." 

To this letter Judge Cooper added the following note : 

"The only objection to the preceding account of the uses to 
which stone-coal may be put, is, whatever mucilaginous substance 
be used to fix it on the paper, water can wash it away. 

"But that it will afford a coloring matter, unattackable by any 
acid and unalterable by any time, cannot be doubted. 

"The discovery is of importance. T. C." 

This patent was considered to be worth upwards of five thous- 
and dollars, but a number ot law-suits, arising from a constant 
infringement of it by manufacturers, so annoyed Mr. Cist that he 
was glad to dispose of it for a less sum. It is said that after the 
destruction of the patent office records by fire, some one else 
took out a patent for the same idea and is now working under it. 
After Mr. Cist had removed to Wilkes-Barre he made a study of 
the adjacent coal-fields, especially at the mines of the Smith 
Brothers, at Plymouth, and the old Lord Butler opening. He 
determined upon entering into the mining of coal as a business 
as soon as he should feel satisfied that the right time had come 
to introduce it in the cities in large enough quantities to make 
the adventure a profitable one. That time came in the year 1813, 
when the British squadron held both the Delaware and Chesa- 
peake bays in a state of blockade. In the spring of that year he 
undertook to introduce it in Baltimore and Philadelphia. The 
former project proved a failure, but in the summer and fall he 
sent several wagon loads to Binney & Ronaldson, in Philadel- 
phia, and their success appeared to encourage the mining of an- 
thracite upon a larger basis, so that in December of that year 

Harrison Wright. 1347 

Jacob Cist, Charles Miner, and John Robinson secured a lease 
from the old Lehigh coal mine company of their property on the 
Lehigh river, near Mauch Chunk. Mr. Miner, in writing in the 
year 1833 to Samuel I. Packer on the formation of this co-part- 
nership, says : "Jacob Cist, of Wilkes-Barre, my intimate and 
much lamented friend, had derived from his father a few shares 
of the Lehigh coal company's stock. Sitting by a glowing an- 
thracite fire one evening in his parlor, conversation turned to the 
Lehigh coal, and we resolved to make an examination of the 
mines at Mauch Chunk and the Lehigh river to satisfy ourselves 
whether it would be practicable to convey coal from thence by 
the stream to Philadelphia. Mr. Robinson, a mutual friend, active 
as a man of business, united with us in the enterprise. Towards 
the close of 181 3, we visited Mauch Chunk, examined the mines, 
made all the enquiries suggested by prudence respecting the 
navigation of the Lehigh, and made up our minds to hazard the 
experiment, if a sufficiently liberal arrangement could be made 
with the company." The following extract from the same letter 
is sufficient to give the reader an idea of what was accomplished : 
"On Tuesday, the 9th of August (18 14), I being absent and 
there being a freshet in the river, Mr. Cist started off my first ark, 
sixty-five feet long, fourteen feet wide, with twenty-four tons of 
coal. Sunday, fourteenth, arrived at the city at eight a. m. The 
coal cost us about fourteen dollars a ton in the city. But while 
we pushed forward our labors at the mine (hauling coal, building 
arks, etc.,) we had the greater difficulty to overcome of inducing the 
public to use our coal when brought to their doors, much as it 
was needed. We published handbills in English and German, 
stating the mode of burning the coal, either in grates, smiths' 
fires, or in stoves. Numerous certificates were obtained and 
printed from blacksmiths and others, who had successfully used 
the anthracite. Mr. Cist formed a model of a coal stove and trot 
a number of them cast. Together we went to several houses in 
the city and prevailed upon the masters to allow us to kindle 
fires of anthracite in their grates, erected to burn Liverpool coal. 
We attended at blacksmiths' shops, and persuaded some to alter 
the tuc-iron, so that they might burn the Lehigh coal ; and we 
were sometimes obliged to bribe the journeymen to try the ex- 

1348 Harrison Wright. 

periment fairly, so averse were they to learning the use of a new 
sort of fuel, so different from what they had been accustomed to. 
Great as were our united exertions (and Mr. Cist, if they were 
meritorious, deserves the chief commendation), necessity accom- 
plished more for us than our labors. Charcoal advanced in price 
and was difficult to be got. Manufacturers were forced to try 
the experiment of using the anthracite, and every day's experi- 
ence convinced them, and those who witnessed the fires, of the 
great value of this coal. We sent down a considerable number 
of arks, three out of four of which stove and sunk by the way. 
Heavy, however, as was the loss, it was lessened by the sale, at 
moderate prices, of the cargoes as they lay along the shores or 
in the bed of the Lehigh, to the smiths of Allentown, Bethlehem, 
and the country around, who drew them away when the water 
became low. We were just learning that our arks were far too 
large and the loads too heavy for the stream, and were making 
preparations to build coal boats to carry eight or ten tons each, 
that would be connected together when they arrived at Easton. 
Much had been taught us by experience, but at a heavy cost, by 
the operations of 18 14-15. Peace came and found us in the 
midst of our enterprise. Philadelphia was now opened to foreign 
commerce, and the coasting trade resumed. Liverpool and 
Richmond coal came in abundantly, and the hard-kindling an- 
thracite fell to a price far below the cost of .shipment. I need 
hardly add, the business was abandoned, leaving several hundred 
tons of coal at the pit's mouth, and the most costly part of the 
work done to take out some thousands of tons more. Our dis- 
appointment and losses were met with the spirit of youth and 
enterprise. We turned our attention to other branches of indus- 
try, but on looking back on the ruins of our (not unworthy) ex- 
ertions, I have not ceased to hope and believe that the Lehigh 
navigation and coal company, when prosperity begins to reward 
them for their most valuable labors, would tender to us a fair 
compensation at least for the work done and expenditures made, 
which contributed directly to their advantage." 

This adventure was so disastrous to the finances of Mr. Cist 
that he did not again engage in the practical mining of coal, 
though his mind was never idle in devising plans for the opening 

Harrison Wright. 1349 

of our coal-fields, and for a cheap and rapid mode of getting the 
coal to market, and his pen was ever busy advocating both to the 
general public. Although much had been said and written on 
anthracite coal prior to 182 1, Mr. Cist himself having published 
a pamphlet on the subject in 181 5, yet in that year the first ex- 
haustive and scientific article on the subject was prepared by Mr. 
Cist, being two letters, one to Professor Silliman and the other 
to M. A. Rrongniart. These, with extracts from Mr. Cist's pamph- 
let of 1 81 5, were published in the American Journal of Science, 
Vol. IV, and created no little excitement and discussion at the 
time. In this article he p;ives the mode and cost of mininp- the 
coal and the getting it to market. He gives three carefully take 
sections of the strata at "Smith's bed," "Bowman's mine," and at 
"Blackman's bed." He attached a map showing that the coal 
formation "extends in a S. S. westerly direction, from its com- 
mencement at the upper part of Lackawanna river, near the 
Wayne county line, down the course of that river to its junction 
with the Susquehanna ; thence along the Susquehanna, keeping 
chiefly the east side, leaving this river about eighteen miles below 
this place (Wilkes-Barre) it passes in a southward course to the 
head-waters of the Schuylkill river, etc., and from thence, after 
its crossing three main branches, becomes lost, a small seam of it 
only appearing at Peter's mountain, a few miles above Harris- 
burg." He then gives a list of the minerals found in this belt, 
together with the dip of the coal and superincumbent strata. He 
gives a list of rocks of which the gravel in the river's bed con- 
sists. Then follows a long description of the vegetable impres- 
sions. He gives the specific gravity of the coal exactly as it is 
accepted to-day, and is the first to call attention to the fact that 
the true fracture of the pure coal is conchoidal, and when appear- 
ing angular, lamellar, and cubical it is due to impurities. Alto- 
gether the article is an exceedingly interesting one. 

James Pierce, in an article in Hazard's Register, in 1828, Vol. 
I, page three hundred and fourteen, says : "The valley of Wyom- 
ing and its valuable beds and veins of coal have been correctly 
described in No. I, Vol. IV, of the Journal of Science, by Mr. 
Cist, an able naturalist, whose recent death is lamented by all 
acquainted with his merit." 

13 5° Harrison Wright. 

The correspondence here begun with Monsieur Brongniart 
continued until Mr. Cist's death. He sent a number of new 
species of fossil plants to Paris to M. Brongniart, who did him 
the courtesy to name them after him. In sending some speci- 
mens of the coal flora to Professor Silliman in 1825 Mr. Cist 
makes a strong point of urging the vegetable origin to the notice 
of the professor. His pen was at an early date busy in suggest- 
ing plans to get the coal to market. He was one of the first to 
lend his hearty cooperation to the internal improvement of the 
state. He took a lively interest in all the meetings held in the 
eastern part of the state, and was one of the committee of cor- 
respondence and afterwards a delegate from Luzerne, together 
with Nathan Beach, to the state convention, held at Harrisburg 
in August, 1825. At first he was a strong advocate of the canal 
system or a slack water navigation of the river. In writing to 
the Baltimore American, under date of December 5, 1822, he 
says: "From partial geological survey, the county of Luzerne 
possesses coal, level free, which, estimated at the low rate of 
twenty-five cents per ton in the mine, would amount to above one 
hundred millions of dollars, the value of which would be enhanced 
from twenty-five to thirty fold on its arrival at Baltimore or Phil- 
adelphia. In addition to the coal, level free, there is from ten to 
fifteen times that quantity accessible by the aid of steam engine, 
thus presenting an object alone sufficient to warrant the expense 
of rendering the river completely navigable, were the lumber, the 
wheat, pork, whiskey, iron, and the long list of other articles 
thrown totally out of view." 

As early as 18 14 he corresponded with Oliver Evans as to the 
practicability of using a steam engine and railroad at the mines 
on the Lehigh. In a letter to Evans, written December, 18 14, 
he says : "I would thank you also for an estimate of the expense 
of your steam wagon for drawing out a number of low carts, say 
twenty to twenty-five, each containing one and one-half or two 
tons of coal, on a wooden railroad, with a descent of about one- 
third of an inch in a yard" (or forty-six feet to mile) ; to which 
Mr. Evans answers from Washington, January 3, 181 5 : "I would 
suppose that a descent of one-third inch to a yard could do with- 
out cogging the ways, which would save much expense. I had 

Harrison Wright. 1351 

devised a cheap way of rising an ascent by means of a rope, as I 
apprehended no company could yet be formed in this country to 
lay iron and cogged railways for any distance. I therefore fixed 
on wooden ways, one for going, the other for coming back, as 
close to each other as will admit, and to cover the whole with a 
shed. This would, in the first making, cost little more than a Penn- 
sylvania turnpike, and much less in ten years. I cannot state to 
you the expense of a carriage." Mr. Cist ran the levels from 
here to Mauch Chunk for one, and at the time of his death he 
was planning with a Mr. McCullough, of New Jersey, to organize 
a company to lay a railroad up the Lehigh to Wyoming valley. 
One of his daughters, when a little girl while at play in his study, 
remembers asking him "what he was so busy at." His answer 
was : "My child, I am building a railroad to pull things on over 
the mountain." Mr. McCullough, in writing to Mr. Hollenback 
shortly after Mr. Cist's death, intimates that in the death of Mr. 
Cist the railroad had met with its death, which was a fact. 

In the year 18 10 Jacob Cist, together with Jesse Fell, Matthias 
Hollenback, Thomas Dyer, Peleg Tracy, and others, founded the 
Luzerne County Agricultural Society, and he, with Dr. Robert 
H. Rose, was one of the first corresponding secretaries of the 
society. He did much towards the introduction of finer grades 
of fruit trees in our valley, joining with Washington Lee, Charles 
Streater, E. Covell, George Cahoon and many others of the old 
citizens of Wilkes-Barre and vicinity, who took pride and pleasure 
in their fruit gardens. He was accustomed every year to get for 
himself and friends quantities of the choicest fruit trees. He 
knew the value of the New York gypsum as a fertilizer and ad- 
vocated its superiority in a paper read before the state agricul- 
tural society, January 12, 181 3. This article was republished in 
the Record of the Times, at Wilkes-Barre, January 8, 1868. He 
was treasurer of the county of Luzerne for 1816, and treasurer of 
the Wilkes-Barre Bridge Company, 18 16, 18 17, 1818, of which 
he was one of the original stockholders and founders. He was 
one of the charter members of the old Susquehanna bank and its 
first cashier, appointed 181 7, at a salary of $600. He drew the 
designs for the notes of the bridge company aad of the bank. He 
geologized this whole section of country for miles up and down 

1 35 2 Harrison Wright. 

the river, finding, besides manganese and clays, a number of iron 
beds, in many instances purchasing the land outright, in others 
only leasing, and at the time of his death he owned large bodies 
of iron lands. As early as 1815 he entered into an arrangement 
with Samuel Messemer, of Northampton county, Pa., and John 
Vernet, of New London, Conn., to establish iron works on the 
site of the present town of Shickshinny. In the year 1822 he 
entered into a similar arrangement with D. C. Woodin, but I can- 
not learn that anything ever came of either. He early conceived 
the idea of preparing a work on American Entomology, and 
labored assiduously at this task until the year preceding his death, 
when it was so far completed that he contemplated publishing it, 
and sent his manuscript with several thousand drawings to a 
well-known English scientist for inspection ; the letter acknowl- 
edging its receipt arrived in Wilkes-Barre after Mr. Cist's decease, 
but the manuscript and drawings have never been returned. They 
are now supposed to be in the collection of the East India 
Company, to whom the scientist left his collection at his death, 
some twenty years ago. He corresponded for a number of years 
with Prof. Say and Mr. Melsheimer, the later writing on ento- 
mology, under date October 6, 18 18, speaking of the beauty and 
correctness of the drawings of insects by Mr. Cist, says: "Good 
and correct figures are undoubtedly well calculated to advance 
the knowledge of entomology. I am, therefore, the more solicit- 
ous that you would give to the world your promising labor on, 
and accompanied with descriptions, etc., of, the North American 
insects. Such a work would be very serviceable to the student 
of American insects." On the 15th of April, 1807, with Andrew 
and George Way, and others, he founded the Washington city 
glass works, drawing all the plans himself. On his settlement at 
Wilkes-Barre he tried for several years to found glass works 
and a pottery at that point, but failed, though he found within 
easy distance the clays, sand, manganese, etc., requisite to 
the successful carrying on of these enterprises. Jacob Cist did 
not know what it was to be idle ; he was busy from sunrise until 
late in the night, either at science, music, poetry or painting, and 
during business hours at his business; he was a man ahead of 
his times, and an enigma to the good people of Wilkes-Barre, 

Harrison Wright. 1353 

who pretty generally thought him an enthusiast, who was wast- 
ing his time on bugs and stones. Many people have lived to 
judge differently of him, and to appreciate his worth. He died 
on Friday, the 30th day of December, 1825, aged forty-three 
years. An obituary notice, published at the time, says : "In the 
death of Mr. Cist, society has lost one of its most valuable mem- 
bers, science one of its most ornamental and industrious cultiva- 
tors, and the cause of public and internal improvements one of 
its most able and zealous supporters. Modest and unassuming 
in his manners, he sought no political preferment — was ambitious 
of no public distinction. But like a true lover of science, sought 
her in her quiet paths of peace. His researches into the geologi- 
cal structure and formation of our portion of the country, and par- 
ticularly into the anthracite coal regions of Pennsylvania, have 
been extensive and indefatigable ; and while they have contrib- 
uted to enrich the cabinets of many scientific men, both in this 
country and in Europe, with mineralogical specimens, they have 
also been a means of calling the attention of our citizens to those 
vast mines of combustible treasures with which our mountains 
abound, and which we trust under Providence of giving employ- 
ment to thousands of industrious men and prosperity and wealth 
to our county." The other local paper says : " In the death of 
Mr. Cist the community has sustained the loss of an able and 
industrious supporter of the cause of internal improvements. His 
indefatigable zeal in devising and perfecting plans for the im- 
provement of our country by-roads and inland navigation, and 
by disseminating a knowledge of the extent, situation and value 
of our extensive regions of coal, have rendered him a public ben- 
efactor to our country. As a lover of the arts and sciences, his 
loss will be no less felt by those persons at home and abroad with 
whom he has been so extensively connected in their cultivation 
and support. Unambitious of public distinction, he has sought 
to render himself useful by devoting a considerable portion of his 
time and services for the common benefit of his fellow citizens, 
and by them will his loss long be regretted and his memory 
affectionately cherished." He left to survive him the following 
children : Mary Ann Cist, now deceased, intermarried with Na- 
thaniel Rutter; Ellen Ii. Cist, now deceased, first married to Rev. 

1354 Harrison Wright. 

Robert Dunlap, D. D., and secondly to Nathaniel Rutter; Emily 
L. Cist, married to Harrison Wright; Augusta Cist, married to 
Andrew T. McClintock ; and Sarah A. Cist, now deceased, in- 
termarried with Peter T. Woodbury. 

Matthias Hollenback, the father of Mrs. Jacob Cist, was the 
grandson of George Hollenback, a German settler, "who owned 
lands and paid quit-rents prior to 1734," in the township of Han- 
over, Philadelphia (now Montgomery) county, Pa. John Hol- 
lenback, a son of George Hollenback, was born about 1720, and 
probably emigrated with his father to this country when but a 
lad. The date of his arrival in this country is not known, but it 
was before the year 1729. In 1750 John Hollenback took up 
land in Lebanon township, Lancaster (now Lebanon) county, Pa., 
and in 1772 removed from that section of country to Martins- 
burg, Berkeley county, Va., where he died. The wife of John 
Hollenback was Eleanor Jones, of Welsh descent. Matthias 
Hollenback, the second son of John Hollenback, was born at 
Jonestown, Lancaster (now Lebanon) county, February 17, 1752. 
He came to Wyoming in 1769, in a company of forty young men 
from that part of the country. They were Stewarts, Espys and 
others, and they came with the intention of settling and becom- 
ing citizens under Connecticut laws, and aiding the Yankees in 
keeping possession of this section of our state. They became 
entitled to lands under a grant from the Susquehanna Land Com- 
pany, which they acquired after they had been a short time in 
the valley. On their way to Wyoming the company encamped 
where Mauch Chunk is now situated, and after the coal interest 
had called into existence a thriving town there, Mr. Hollenback 
often humorously remarked that he ought to put in a claim to 
that place, for he was first in possession. The forty adventurers 
came into Wyoming through a notch of the mountains in what 
is now Hanover; and when the beautiful valley first broke upon 
their sight, young Hollenback, the youngest of the company, 
threw up his hat and exclaimed : " Hurrah, that's the place for 
me." He began business at Mill Creek, but soon removed to 
Wilkes-Barre ; and having purchased a lot on what is now the 
west side of the Public Square, built a large frame house for a 
store and dwelling. He purchased his goods in Philadelphia, 

Harrison Wright. 1355 

which were taken to Middletown in wagons and then transported 
by water to this and other places, where he had established 
stores. The first method of transportation was by Indian canoes; 
and he literally "paddled his own canoe" up the winding, rapid 
Susquehanna the whole distance, one hundred and fifty miles, 
many times, before he was able to procure a more capacious ves- 
sel and to employ men to manage it. Then he purchased a 
Durham boat, which he kept steadily employed. The present 
road leading through the swamp was but a little path. Mr. Hol- 
lenback in his business enterprises was prospered in a remarkable 
manner, and soon acquired distinction and was promoted to po- 
sitions of public trust and responsibility. On October 17, 1775, 
he was commissioned as ensign in the "train-band in the 24th 
regiment in his Majesty's colony of Connecticut." On August 
26, 1776, he was appointed by congress to serve as ensign in 
Captain Durkee's company of "minute men," a band raised for 
the protection of the people in the valley. These Wyoming com- 
panies were subsequently ordered to join General Washington's 
army. Mr. Hollenback was with the army in New Jersey in 
1776 and 1777, and took part in several battles. He was in the 
battles of Millstone, Trenton, Princeton and Brandywine. That 
he was a man of more than ordinary courage and tact is evident 
from the fact that he was several times employed by Washington 
to visit the frontier settlements and outposts and report upon 
their condition. About the close of 1777, the settlement of 
Wyoming being menaced by the enemy, many of the men who 
were with the army came home, and among them was Mr. Hol- 
lenback. During the spring of 1778 fears were entertained for 
the safety of the frontier settlement of Wyoming, and as summer 
approached a sense of insecurity and alarm pervaded the com- 
munity. Frequent scouting parties were sent out to ascertain 
the position of the enemy. On the 1st of July Mr. Hollenback, 
with a companion, was selected for the perilous duty. He pro- 
ceeded sixteen miles up the river, where he came upon the fresh 
trail of the Indians and tofies on their march to attack the settle- 
ment, and discovered also the bodies of several settlers who had 
been killed and scalped. Taking these bodies into his canoe, he 
immediately returned home and reported the presence of the 

1356 Harrison Wright. 

enemy in great force. The inhabitants had already begun to 
assemble at Forty Fort, and were actively preparing for the de- 
fense of the valley. On the 3d of July, under the command of 
Colonels Butler and Denison, the little band marched forth to the 
memorable battle of Wyoming. Mr. Hollenback took a promi- 
nent part in this tragic action, acquitting himself with great gal- 
lantry and honor. He escaped the terrible slaughter which fol- 
lowed the defeat of the settlers, and after many thrilling adventures 
and hardships reached his home late in the night. From there 
he went directly to the fort situated on what is now the Public 
Square of this city. He announced his name at the gate, heard 
it repeated within. " Hollenback has come," was the joyful ex- 
clamation. "No, no," responded the familiar voice of Nathan 
Carey, "you'll never see Hollenback again; he was on the right 
wing ; I am sure he is killed." The gate was opened, however, 
and Mr. Hollenback stepped in. It being dark, and there being 
no candles, Mr. Carey lit a pine knot to see if it was really Mr. 
Hollenback, and then, overwhelmed with joy, embraced him with 
a brother's affection. At four o'clock he set out on an Indian 
path to meet Spalding with his seventy men, for the pur- 
pose of getting them into the fort at Wilkes-Barre. He met 
them at Bear creek, but Captain Spalding declined the hazard. 
Mr. Hollenback, however, so far prevailed as to induce fifteen or 
twenty of the men to accompany him. On reaching the slope of 
the mountain near Prospect Rock, he discovered his own house on 
fire and savages in possession of the fort. Seeing all lost, he 
promptly directed his energies to the relief of the sufferers. He 
had procured from Spalding's commissary all the provisions he 
could pack on his horse, and following the fugitives, mostly 
women and children, he overtook them and led them through 
the wilderness. After a few weeks he returned to the valley and 
set about repairing his loss. His credit at Philadelphia being 
good, he obtained a few goods and began the world anew. He 
established his principal store at Wilkes-Barre, and branch stores 
at Tioga Point (now Athens), at Newtown (now Elmira), and at 
other places. He had partners in his various enterprises, several 
of whom in after years became prominent in the business world. 
In 1791 he was the business manager and purveyor for Pickering, 

Harrison Wright. . 1357 

while he was holding a treaty with the Indians at Newtown creek. 
He was made a justice of the peace after the establishment of the 
jurisdiction of Pennsylvania in Wyoming, and when the new con- 
stitution was formed, was appointed an associate judge of Lu- 
zerne county, in which capacity he served until the time 
of his death, February 18, 1829, the day after he was seventy- 
seven years of age. His first commission as lieutenant colonel 
is dated in 1787, another is dated in 1792, and still another is 
dated in 1793. The first of them was given by the executive 
council of Pennsylvania, and bears the autograph of Benjamin 
Franklin. He was a member of the board of trustees of the old 
Wilkes-Barre academy from 1807 to 1829, and was the first 
treasurer of Luzerne county. Colonel Hollenback always took 
great interest in religious affairs and the welfare of the church. 
He gave largely toward building the first church built in Wilkes- 
Barre, and was generally punctual in his attendance upon the 
services. His home was the home of ministers, and his hand 
always open to them. He was in many respects an extraordinary 
man, endowed with great capacity and courage, and with an 
indomitable will which overcame all obstacles. In all his busi- 
ness relations he was a pattern of punctuality, scrupulously faith- 
ful to public trusts and private confidence. His powers of en- 
durance were very remarkable; he took all his journeys on 
horseback, and his business interests called him from Niagara to 
Philadelphia. Between Wyoming and the New York state line 
he owned immense tracts of wild land, which he often visited 
unattended, traveling for days and even weeks through the wilds 
of northern Pennsylvania, and being as much at home in the 
wilderness as in his counting-room. Judge Hollenback exerted 
much influence upon the progress and elevation of the country. 
He provided employment for many poor laborers; he furnished 
supplies to multitudes of new settlers; he took an active part in 
the early public improvements ■ he kept in circulation a large 
capital ; and he was a living, almost ever-present example of 
industry and economy. Not Wyoming alone, but the whole 
country between Wilkes-Barre and Elmira, owes much of its early 
development and present prosperity to the business arrangements 
and the indomitable perseverance of Matthias Hollenback. Judge 

1358 Harrison Wright. 

Hollenback was employed by Robert Morris, the agent of Louis 
the Sixteenth, to provide a place of retreat for the royal house- 
hold at some secluded spot on the Susquehanna. This was in 
1793. He accordingly purchased twelve hundred acres of land 
lying in the present county of Bradford (then Luzerne), and em- 
bracing the locality where Frenchtown, in the township of Asy- 
lum, was subsequently built. The unfortunate monarch, however, 
never occupied this asylum in the wilds of Pennsylvania, albeit 
many of his subjects did. Louis Philippe, the late "King of the 
French," in 1795, came through "the Wind Gap" on horseback 
to Wilkes-Barre, and then made his way up to Frenchtown. 
[The children of Matthias Hollenback were Eleanor Jones Hol- 
lenback, now deceased, married to Charles F. Welles, father of 
Rev. H. H. Welles, of Kingston, John Welles Hollenback and 
Edward Welles of this city. He had other children also — Mary 
Ann Hollenback, married first to John Deshong, secondly to 
John Laning ; Sarah Hollenback, married first to Jacob Cist, and 
secondly to Hon. Chester Butler; and Hon. George Matson Hol- 

The only son of Judge Hollenback, and the brother of Mrs. 
Jacob Cist, was George Matson Hollenback, who, inheriting a 
large fortune from his father, succeded him in many of his busi- 
ness pursuits. In 1820 and 1821 he was treasurer of the county 
of Luzerne. In 1824 and 1825 he represented the same county 
in the legislature of the state. In 1842 he was appointed by 
Governor Porter one of the canal commissioners of the state, but 
his other business affairs allowed him to hold the commission 
but a short time. He was president of the Wyoming bank at the 
time of his decease, November 7, 1866, and had occupied that 
responsible position for more than thirty years, and for nearly a 
half century was connected with all the public affairs of the Wy- 
oming valley. 

Harrison Wright, the subject of our sketch, was the eldest son 
of Harrison Wright and Emily Cist. He early developed those 
mental traits which characterized his maturer manhood. Before 
he was fifteen years of age he had acquired a marked taste for 
history and the natural sciences, and he formed at that time an 
interesting cabinet of specimens and objects illustrative of his 

Harrison Wright. 1359 

several pursuits. After a preparatory course of study at his 
home, he was, in 1867, matriculated as a student of philosophy 
at the university of Heidelberg, Germany. Upon the completion 
of four years of studious application in his chosen branches of 
learning, he was graduated in the spring of 1871, with the degrees 
of Master of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy. During his course 
at the university he became remarkably proficient in the German 
language and literature, and his natural aptitude for languages 
led him to the study of the French and Italian tongues, with 
both of which he became familiar. His especial study at Hei- 
delberg was mineralogy; his excellence in his pursuit of this 
science induced his preceptor, the late Professor Blum — the lead- 
ing mineralogist of his time — to select Mr. Wright as assistant 
professor of mineralogy; but a prolonged summer's absence from 
the university led to the appointment of another. Much of his 
time during vacation was spent in travel ; he visited many of the 
capitals of Europe, and in seeking needed relaxation from the 
duties of the university, he acquired much practical knowledge 
of the customs and manners of the several countries. During 
the time he spent in Rome, he studied the archaeology and ex- 
plored many of the remains of the Ancient City. In this research 
he became associated with the members of the Archaeological 
Society of Rome, who, in appreciation of his tastes and scholarly 
attainments, elected him a member of their society. He became 
also an honorary member of the Papal Club, a social organization 
of the officers of the Papal Guard. 

He returned to America in the summer of 1871, and in the 
following autumn he entered as a student of law in the office of 
his uncle, Andrew T. McClintock, LL. D., of this city. After 
the prescribed course of study, during which he exhibited a 
marked aptitude for the dry precepts of the law, as for the more 
congenial researches in literature and science, he was admitted 
to the bar of Luzerne county, September 14, 1874, under circum- 
stances which afforded ample assurance of his distinguished suc- 
cess in a profession to which his family had contributed several 
able members. But he, however, was attached to a vocation 
which offered distinction of a different kind, and soon abandoned 
the active practice of the law ; but not until he had gained great 

1360 Harrison Wright. 

credit and commendation for his able services as one of three 
auditors appointed by the court to make a special examination of 
the accounts of the county; a work which involved the minutest 
inquiry into its financial affairs for the preceding seven years, and 
the auditing of all the accounts in their multitudinous details; 
the practical results of which were the recovery of a large sum 
of money and the exposure and punishment of the parties guilty 
of the embezzlement. Mr. Wright was a democrat in politics, 
and like all his father's family, positive in his convictions. In a 
number of campaigns he accepted and intelligently and satisfac- 
torily acquitted himself of the city contingent of the party. In 
this way he won the confidence and esteem of the members of 
his party, who repeatedly solicited him to accept political hon- 
ors, but these offers, like the law, failed to lure him from the pur- 
suits upon which his heart and ambition had long been set. He 
was once regularly nominated for a seat in the legislature, with 
such unanimity and cordiality as would almost certainly have 
insured his election, but, though willing to do service in the 
ranks whenever called upon, he peremptorily declined this 
proffered and well deserved reward. His leaning, in part inher- 
ited as I have already said, manifested in early youth and encour- 
aged and intensified by his education, was towards literary and 
scientific pursuits. To these he gave much attention, even when 
studying and practicing law. He became a member of the Wyom- 
ing Historical and Geological Society, was immediately assigned 
a leading position in it, and found here a fruitful field for the em- 
ployment of his varied talents. He took charge of and arranged its 
extensive mineralogical and other collections, adding to them from 
his own rich private stores and assiduously gathering valuable con- 
tributions from other sources. He prepared numerous papers of 
much value and interest on a diversity of subjects; he accumulated, 
by persistent research, many previously undiscovered facts in the 
history of the valley and of the coal-trade, until every material 
incident of each — so thorough was his study and so retentive his 
memory — was before him like the words upon a printed page, 
which enabled him at all times to answer with great clearness and 
accuracy all inquiries concerning either of these subjects. When 
the late Isaac S. Osterhout decided upon his munificent bequest 

Harrison Wright. 1361 

for the founding of a public library in Wilkes-Barre, Harrison 
Wright was in the midst of these labors and had achieved the 
reputation of being perhaps the best historical and scientific 
authority in the community, and the testator's thoughts natural- 
ly turned to him as one fitted in all respects to take a leading 
part in executing the trust, and he appointed him one of the 
trustees. Had he lived he would have been of inestimable ser- 
vice in the preliminary arrangements for and securing the prac- 
tical operation of the library in accordance with the generous 
designs of its founder. All who knew Harrison Wright must 
have been impressed with his unselfish and generous disposition, 
his genial companionship, his thoughtful and kindly considera- 
tion in all his relationships, and his warm and true friendship, as 
well as by his scholarly attainments, the wide scope of his mental 
powers, and his extended and accurate learning in many and 
diverse branches of human knowledge. His time, his talents, 
and his means were but instruments toward the attainment of his 
honorable ambition, the endeavor to let light in where darkness 
had previously prevailed and open thoroughfares in the hitherto 
trackless places in history and science. And in the every day 
relations of life, there are many who could attest that his gener- 
osity was only bounded by his ability to give. His capacity for 
labor — the exacting labor of the fields to which his inclinations 
led him — was exceptionable. He did not deny himself reason- 
able recreation, but what he esteemed to be his duty was never 
permitted to wait upon pleasures to which he was invited, and 
the secrets of his success and of the results achieved in so short 
a lifetime were his steadfastness of purpose and his continuity of 
application. Where his strong sympathies led, his energies fol- 
lowed. When there was a new duty to be performed, he was 
never too overburdened to undertake it, though other tasks in 
various stages of progress were piled high before him. It is not 
often that we can speak thus in praise of the achievements of one 
so young as Harrison Wright was when he died, and yet abide 
within the strict limits of the truth ; but our friend was one among 
a thousand. His sudden and generally unexpected departure 
from among us has left a void in our ranks it will be difficult, if 
not impossible, to fill. It is inexcusably ungrateful in the midst 

1362 William Joseph Philbin. 

of the Maker's many and munificent providences, to speak of any- 
earthly loss as irreparable, but the loss of Harrison Wright to 
this society is as nearly irreparable as any loss could be. 


Montgomery Joseph Flanagan, who was admitted to the bar 
of Luzerne county, Pa., June 12, 1876, was a native of Potts- 
ville, Pa., where he was born August 27, 1842. He read law 
with A. H. Winton, in Scranton, but practiced principally in this 
city. He was the son of William Flanagan and his wife Catha- 
rine Gannon, daughter of Timothy Gannon, who were natives of 
Ireland. He died February 1, 1880, at the residence of his 
mother in Plymouth, Pa. Mr. Flanagan was an unmarried man. 


William Joseph Philbin, who was admitted to the bar of Lu- 
zerne county, Pa., November 22, 1876, was a native of Jenkins 
township, in this county, where he was born January 11, 1854. 
His father, Michael J. Philbin, was a native of county Mayo, 
Ireland, where he was born in 18 19. He emigrated to this 
country in 1838 and settled in Washington, Dutchess county, N. 
Y. He removed to this county in 1844 and located at Port 
Griffith, in Jenkins township, where he engaged in the hotel 
business. His hotel was subsequently burned out. He then 
built a store and engaged in mercantile pursuits, which he con- 
tinued until the spring of 1865. In 1859, during his residence 
at Port Griffith, he was elected captain of the Emmet Guards, 
Second Brigade, Ninth Division of Uniformed Militia of Pennsyl- 
vania. He was elected a justice of the peace in i860. In 1864 he 
was elected prothonotary of Luzerne county for a term of three 

Daniel Strebeigh Bennet. 1363 

years, and was reelected in 1867 for another term of three years. 
After the expiration of his second term as prothonotary, he be- 
came the proprietor of the Exchange hotel, in this city. Aban- 
doning the hotel business, he was elected an alderman of the fifth 
ward of this city for a term of five years, and was serving his 
second term at the time of his death, November 5, 1879. He 
took a very active part in the incorporation of this city and was 
elected its first treasurer in 1871. He was also a member of the 
board of prison commissioners of Luzerne county. His daugh- 
ter, Julia, became the wife of P. J. O'Hanlon, of the Luzerne 
county bar. William J. Philbin was an unmarried man and died 
in Brooklyn, N. Y., August 29, 1882. 


Friend Aaron Whitlock, who was admitted to the bar of Lu- 
zerne county, Pa., April 3, 1877, was a native of Exeter township, 
Luzerne county, Pa., where he was born December 30, 1850. 
His grandfather was Lewis Whitlock and his father was Enoch 
Whitlock. The Whitlocks were old settlers of Exeter township, 
and the name is to be found in the list of taxables in 1796. The 
mother of F. A. Whitlock was Mary Sickler, a daughter of John 
Sickler, of Exeter. Mr. Whitlock was educated in the public 
schools of his native township and in a select school in Illinois. 
He read law with W. G. Ward, in Scranton, and practiced in that 
city and Wamego, Kansas. While he resided in the latter place 
he was elected a justice of the peace. He married, in 1879, Eva 
Walter. Mr. Whitlock died November 24, 1880. 


Daniel Strebeigh Bennet was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., June 11, 1877. He was the son of the late George 
Bennet, of Montoursville, Pa., whose wife was Martha Strebeigh, 

1364 Daniel Streueigh Bennet. 

a daughter of Daniel Strebeigh, of Montoursville. He was the 
son of Andrew Bennet and grandson of Thomas Bennet. (See 
page 630.) D. S. Bennet was born at Fairfield, near Williams- 
port, Pa., September 3, 1853. He was brought up on his father's 
farm, and received the advantages of such district and public 
schools as his neighborhood afforded, and afterwards was gradu- 
ated with distinguished honors by the Pennsylvania state college 
in 1875. While there he took the prescribed three years' course 
in military tactics, thus fitting him for the position he was subse- 
quently to occupy in the militia of the state. Soon after grad- 
uating he came to Wilkes-Barre and entered as a law student 
with E. P. & J. V. Darling. From a child he had a passion for 
a military life, and when only ten years old he participated in the 
battle of Gettysburg as a drummer boy attached to an indepen- 
dent company. Much of the credit is due him for the high 
standard which our local militia has reached. He was instru- 
mental in organizing Company F of the Ninth Regiment, N. G. 
P., and was elected its captain July 14, 1870. On October 30 of 
the same year he was elected a major of the Ninth Regiment, 
and at the time of his death ranked as third major in the National 
Guard of Pennsylvania. In March, 1884, he was appointed quar- 
termaster of the Third Brigade, on the staff of General J. K. Sieg- 
fried, with the rank of major. Major Bennet's industry and 
integrity soon won him an enviable place at the Luzerne bar, and 
even in the few years during which he had practiced he built up 
a legal business that would do credit to a much older man. He 
was a worker in the legal profession, as he was in everything 
which he undertook, and mastered every obstacle which pre- 
sented itself. In June, 1883, he was elected a director of the 
Third school district, and was such at the time of his death. He 
discharged the duties of that trust with fidelity and marked satis- 
faction. In politics he was a republican, and one of the most 
active workers in the local organizations, notably the republican 
league of Wilkes-Barre. In August, 1884, he was nominated by 
acclamation for assembly from the First legislative district, com- 
prising the city of Wilkes-Barre, and on the day following he was 
prostrated with the illness which caused his death. In 1880 
Major Bennet was united in marriage to Mary Margaret Myers, 

William Roberts Kingman. 1365 

daughter of Lawrence Myers, of this city. He died September 
16, 1884. His widow, now Mrs. John P. Yeager, survived him. 
They left no children. During the summer of 1884 Major Ben- 
net found that too close application to business had overtaxed 
his strength, and he participated in the state camp of the National 
Guard at Gettysburg, with the belief that the change of scene 
would fully restore him. On the contrary, it seems to have 
planted the seeds of that insidious disease, typhoid fever, which, 
before he was aware of it, had taken a firm and relentless hold of 
him. He returned to participate in the excitement of a political 
canvass, and no sooner was his object accomplished, and his nom- 
ination secured, than his bodily powers gave way and he took to 
his bed, his physician predicting a serious illness by reason of 
having deferred so long in seeking medical advice, and he died 
within a month. 


William Roberts Kingman was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., November 12, 1878. He was a native of Charles- 
ton, South Carolina, where he was born January 1, 1838. He 
belonged to an old and wealthy family and great care was taken 
with his education. He was sent to college early, and graduated 
from Columbia university with high honors when but twenty- 
two years of age. So greatly were his talents esteemed that 
immediately after leaving college he was offered the principalship 
of the high school at Charleston, a preparatory school of good 
standing. This position he held until soon after the breaking out 
of the late civil war. He was an ardent supporter of the south- 
ern cause, and enlisted as a private. He rose to the rank of cap- 
tain of an artillery company, and for a time served on the staff 
of one of the Confederate generals. At the close of the war he 
returned to his position as principal of the Charleston high 
school, which he successfully conducted until 1870, when the 
school was broken up on account of a virulent outbreak of 
small-pox among the students. Shortly afterwards he visited 

1366 Aaron Jared Dietrick. 

Wilkes-Barre, and while here was impressed with the field which 
this city afforded for a first-class preparatory school. After a few 
months, passed in adjusting his affairs in the south, he returned 
here in 1871 and opened his academy in the old Presbyterian 
school house. For three or four years the school flourished and 
turned out excellent scholars, and Mr. Kingman finally turned 
ftis attention to the preparation of pupils for college. During all 
this time, and in fact ever since he left college, he had studied 
more or less for the bar, his chosen profession being that of a 
lawyer. After the close of his school he continued his studies 
with redoubled ardor, in the office of E. P. Darling. Between 
the close of the school and his entering the profession of the law 
he occupied the position of bookkeeper at the First National 
bank. He was at one time one of the "seven years" auditors, to 
audit the accounts of the county officers. Mr. Kingman was a 
man of rare mental endowments. He had the true instinct of a 
Southern gentleman, and his politeness was proverbial. Mild 
and unassuming in his manner, he was little known outside of his 
own social circle, yet wherever known he was a favorite. He 
never married. He died in this city August 23, 1884. The 
mother of Mr. Kingman was Mary Roberts, who was a sister of 
the first wife of the late O. B. Hillard, of this city. 


Aaron Jared Dietrick was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., December 11, 1880. He came from German stock, 
his parents emigrating from Germany, and settling in Northamp- 
ton county, Pa., removing afterwards to Columbia county, Pa. 
He was born, April 6, 1822, in Briarcreek township, Columbia 
county, and his early days were spent on the farm of his father, 
John Dietrick. Until quite a lad he could speak only the lan- 
guage of his parents, and his family still possess the bible of his 
boyhood days, printed in German. He became later a fine Ger- 
man scholar, and earned many a valuable retainer by this fact, 

Aaron Jared Dietrick. 1367 

and when he became a judge he more than once conducted a 
case entirely in German. He was apprenticed as a blacksmith 
when a lad, but did not complete this course of training, his tal- 
ents inciting him towards one of the professions. After attend- 
ing the district schools of his neighborhood, he became a pupil 
in Berwick academy, and afterwards in Wyoming seminary, at 
Kingston. After leaving these he entered as a law student with 
M. E. Jackson, of Berwick, supporting himself meanwhile by 
teaching school in the township where he was born. He was 
admitted to the bar, at Danville, August 14, 1847, a ^ er which he 
practiced law nine years in Laporte, Sullivan county, Pa. While 
there he held the office of deputy district attorney three terms, 
and served two terms as county treasurer. While residing in 
Sullivan county he received the nomination of his district for 
state senator, but was defeated in the election. In 1856 he 
removed to Williamsport, Pa., where he settled and engaged in 
the practice of the law. In January, 1864, he removed to Wash- 
ington, D. C, and became interested in the settlement of claims 
before the different departments of the government. He resided 
in Washington about four years, when he returned to William- 
sport, April 1, 1868, and resumed the practice of his profession. 
He also served as revenue commissioner for that judicial district. 
After the adoption of the Wallace law by the city of Williams- 
port, he was appointed city recorder by Governor Geary, on 
March 27, 1868, which office he held until 1875. Before the 
expiration of his term the new constitution was adopted, which 
retired him. At the ensuing election, June 4, 1876, Judge 
Dietrick was elected and commissioned to serve five years. It 
was here that he derived his title of judge, the office of city 
recorder being a tribunal of limited civil and critninal jurisdic- 
tion. At one time he was business manager of the Williamsport 
Gazette and Bulletin, and it was through his efforts mainly that 
the old Gazette and the West Branch Bulletin were consolidated, 
November 22, 1869. In 1880 he resigned his office of city 
recorder, and removed to this city. 

Judge Dietrick was twice married, his first wife being Catha- 
rine E. Burke, daughter of William Burke, whom he met while 
teaching at Briarcreek. Three children suvive this union — Wil- 

1368 John Searle Courtright. 

lard M. Dietrick, who was treasurer of the Williamsport school 
board, Ezra P. Dietrick, and Franklin Pierce Dietrick, the latter 
two being the Philadelphia shoe manufacturing firm of E. P. 
Dietrick & Company. Judge Dietrick was married a second time 
to Mary S. Kellog, of East Smithfield, Bradford county, Pa., who 
survived him, as do their two children — Edward H. Dietrick and 
Carrie M. Dietrick. Judge Dietrick was a consistent member of 
the Congregational church in Williamsport, and upon his com- 
ing to this city he united by letter with the First Presbyterian 
church. He was a man universally respected and revered, and 
as far as known had not an enemy. His gentleness of manner 
and evenness of disposition were his striking qualities, and he 
was never known to lose his temper even under the most trying 
circumstances. In his home he was a devoted husband and lov- 
ing father, in the community he was a faithful citizen, in the 
church he was an unassuming but sincere member, in the legal 
profession he occupied an eminent position. He died in this 
city September 8, 1884. He had been ill about a year, his 
trouble dating with a business trip to Kansas in August, 1883, 
where he was interested in a mineral spring property. His health 
rapidly failed, and a change of scene — first to Atlantic City and 
then to Lake Carey — was powerless to check the ravages of his 
disease, which was a complication of bladder and kidney disor- 
ders. Throughout his illness he had been a most patient sufferer, 
and even when his malady was most excrutiating not a murmur 
escaped his lips, he calming the anxiety of his family by saying 
that it might be worse. 


John Searle Courtright was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., January 11, 1876. He is a descendant of Benjamin 
Courtright, whose son, Cornelius Courtright, a native of Minni- 
sink, N. J., near the Delaware Water Gap, was the first of the 
name in this county. He was born March 7, 1764, and was one 

John Searle Courtright. 1369 

of the prominent men of his day. He was one of the commis- 
sioners of Luzerne county in the years 1813, 1814 and 1815, 
1830, 1 83 1 and 1832. In 18 16 he was a candidate for state sen- 
ator in the district composed of Northumberland, Columbia, 
Union, Luzerne and Susquehanna counties, but was defeated 
by Charles Frazer. On January 1, 1806, he was appointed 
a justice of the peace. He held the office until 1840. In 1820, 
1 82 1 and 1823 he was a member of the legislature of Penn- 
sylvania. He was a large landholder in this county, his first pur- 
chase being made December 30, 1789, from William Hooker 
Smith, and his second, September 19, 1 79 1 , from Timothy Pick- 
ering. He died at his home in Plains township, in this county, 
May 25, 1848. His wife, whom he married October 1, 1786, 
was Catharine Kennedy, a daughter of John Kennedy, a native 
of Dublin, Ireland. Benjamin Courtright, son of Cornelius Court- 
right, was born in now Plains township, March 19, 1789. He 
was a farmer the greater part of his life. He died at the residence 
of his son, J. Milton Courtright, in this city, January 22, 1867. 
His wife was Clarissa Williams, daughter of Thomas Williams. 
(See page 157). James Courtright, son of Benjamin Courtright, 
was born in Plains township, November 3, 1831. He is a resi- 
dent of this city, and was treasurer of Luzerne county from Dec- 
ember 22, 1873 to December 29, 1875. The wife of James Court- 
right is Ruth G., daughter of John Searle and his wife, Mary 
Stark, daughter of Henry Stark. (See pages 389, 566 and 1228). 
John Searle was the son of Constant Searle. (See page 1255). 
John S. Courtright, son of James Courtright, was born at Plains- 
ville, Pa., July 21, 1855. He was educated in this city, and at 
Wyoming seminary, Kingston, Pa. He read law in this city 
with ex- Governor Henry M. Hoyt, and at Montrose, Pa., with D. 
W. Searle. After practicing a few years in this city he removed 
to Montrose, Pa., where he now resides. He married, in Jan- 
uary, 1877, Ella V. Lathrop, of Montrose, Pa., a daughter of 
Azur Lathrop, son of Benjamin Lathrop. The latter was the 
son of Walter Lathrop, who removed from Connecticut to Lu- 
zerne (now Susquehanna) county, Pa., in 1803. Benjamin La- 
throp was an associate judge of Susquehanna county from 1841 
to 1846. His wife was a daughter of Asahel Avery, who removed 

137° John Richard Jones. 

from New London county, Conn., to Susquehanna county in 
1801. Mr. and Mrs. Courtright have one child — Sarah Lathrop 
Courtright. Mr. Courtright conies, as will be seen, from a stock 
not a few scions of which have made their mark in the commu- 
nities in which they have severally resided. He has won for 
himself, at the bar, a place that does credit both to himself and 
to the distinguished gentlemen by whom his preliminary studies 
were supervised. 


John Richard Jones was admitted to the bar of Luzerne county, 
Pa., June 8, 1880. He is the son of Edward Jones, who was born 
near St. Donats, Wales, in 18 14. He was educated at Cambridge 
scientific school, and came to America in 1836 to avoid a sea 
faring life for which his parents had intended him. He entered 
the employ of the Delaware & Hudson Canal Company at Car- 
bondale, Pa., as a miner, and was in a few years promoted to be 
a mine boss, and in 1854 was placed in charge of the company's 
mines in Archbald, Pa., where he remained until 1858, when he 
became a partner in the successful coal firm of Eaton & Company, at 
that place. In the fall of that year in company with two partners, 
he commenced operations which led to the successful develop- 
ment of the coal fields of Olyphant, Pa., which were continued 
until 1864, under the firm name of E. Jones & Company, and 
then sold out their interest to the Delaware & Hudson Canal 
Company. He was afterwards employed by the Erie Railway 
Company in developing and perfecting their extensive collieries 
near Carbondale, and is now actively connected with coal opera- 
tions as a member of the firm of Jones, Simpson & Company, and 
also as president of the Pierce Coal Company. In 1875 he was 
elected a director of the Merchants' & Mechanics' bank, of Scran- 
ton. In 1876 he was the candidate of the republican party for 
congress in the twelfth congressional district of Pennsylvania, 
but was defeated by a majority of two hundred and eighty-six 
votes in favor of his democratic competitor, William H. Stanton. 
As a business man, he is prudent and sagacious. As a practical 
geologist, he has few if any superiors in the mining regions. If 

John Richard Jones. 1371 

an unblemished reputation, a life spent in successfully developing 
the material resources of our country, and a well balanced mind 
are evidences by which it is safe to judge, it is not an exaggera- 
tion to call Edward Jones a successful man. He was burgess 
of the borough of Blakely in 1870 and 1871. He was also 
elected the first justice of the peace of the borough. He mar- 
ried, August 4, 1846, in New York, Mary E. Jones, a daughter of 
Richard Jones, a woolen manufacturer of Landilas, Montgomery- 
shire, Wales. John Richard Jones, son of Edward Jones, and Mary 
E. Jones, was born in the village of Archbald, Pa., on May 27, 1856. 
In 1858 his parents moved to Blakely, opposite the town of Oly- 
phant, where he now resides. The subject of our sketch was edu- 
cated in the common schools of Olyphant, and when seventeen 
years of age was sent away to boarding school. He was educated at 
Keystone academy at Factoryville and at the well-known Wyom- 
ing seminary. He remained about three years at these institu- 
tions, and then on September 28, 1876, entered Harvard Law 
School at Cambridge, Mass. On June 25, 1879, after pursuing 
a three years' thorough course in the common law, he graduated 
and received the degree of Legibits Baccalaurci, (LL. B.) He 
was admitted March 12, 1878, to practice law at the celebrated 
Middlesex bar, in the county of Middlesex, Mass. After passing 
a creditable examination by a board of examiners, composed of 
three of the most prominent members of that bar, September 23, 
1879, he entered the law office of Alexander Farnham, Esq., at 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa., and remained there until June 8 following, 
when he was admitted upon motion of Andrew T. McClintock, 
Esq. — Mr. Farnham being absent from the city — to practice law 
in all the courts of Luzerne county. He practiced at our bar 
until October 8, 1880, when he entered the law office of R. W. 
Archbald, Esq., at Scranton, and was, on the same day, on motion 
of that gentleman, admitted to practice law in all the courts of 
Lackawanna county. He remained with Mr. Archbald until the 
latter was elected to the bench in 1884. Mr. Jones then removed 
his office from the Third National bank building into the Coal 
Exchange, where he is now engaged in the practice of his profes- 
sion, which is large and extensive, his clients being from all 
parts of the county. He is counsel for many of the boroughs 

1 372 John Richard Jones. 

and school districts in that vicinity. Strict integrity and fidelity 
have characterized all his dealings with his clients, and he has 
the respect and esteem of everybody who knows him. He is a 
member of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, a member of the 
United States Circuit Court for the western district of Pennsyl- 
vania, and was recently admitted as a member of the Supreme 
Court of the United States, at Washington, D. C. In politics 
Mr. Jones is a republican. At present he is the chairman of the 
Republican Committee of the Fourth legislative district. He 
has represented his ward as delegate in nearly every republican 
county convention for the past five or six years, and has prob- 
ably made more nominating speeches than any other person 
during those years ; notably among them was the second to the 
nomination of R. W. Archbald, for additional law judge in the 
convention of July, 1884, in an effective speech which is still re- 
membered by all who heard it; the nomination of Hon. Joseph 
A. Scranton for congress in the convention of August, 1885, and 
on the same day the nomination of Hon. J. B. Van Bergen for 
county treasurer. He was secretary of the convention of 1884, 
and was a member of the republican county committee for the 
same year, and did excellent service for his party. The repub- 
lican electors of the Fourth legislative district (old Fighth dis- 
trict) have frequently unanimously chosen him to represent them 
in state conventions. He was a delegate to the state conven- 
tion which met at Harrisburg, July 8, 1885, when Hon. Matthew 
Stanley Quay was nominated for state treasurer. This conven- 
tion made him a member of the state committee for Lackawanna 
county. Again he represented his district in the state conven- 
vention held at the same place June 30, 1886, and was made one 
of the vice-presidents of the same. In this convention he sec- 
onded the nomination of General F. S. Osborne for congressman- 
at-large in a strong and vigorous speech. Hon. Lazarus D. 
Shoemaker, of Wilkes-Barre, made the nominating speech. He 
was one of the three delegates from Lackawanna county that 
voted for Senator Davis, thus securing to him the nomination of 
lieutenant governor. Had the three delegates — Dale, Mitchell 
and Jones — voted against the senator, the nomination would 
have gone to Major Montooth, of Pittsburg, so close was the 

George Baker Hillman. 1373 

contest waged. In the state convention held August 17, 1887, 
he was a delegate and was appointed a member of the commit- 
tee on permanent organization. He represented his district 
in the republican state convention held at Harrisburg, Pa., 
August 7, 1889, and was again appointed one of the vice- 
presidents of that body. He was first commissioned a notary 
public by Governor Henry M. Hoyt and has continued to 
hold that office for the past seven years. He is a member of 
the Blakely school board, having been reelected for a second 
term, and has served as secretary of said board for three years. 
He is also a director of the poor of Blakely Poor District, and is 
secretary of that body. Thus it will be seen that he has the re- 
spect and confidence of the people. The committee of Veterans 
of the Grand Army of the Republic selected him to deliver the 
address of welcome at Olyphant on August 17, 1888, the occa- 
sion being the tenth annual reunion of the Five-County Veteran 
Association. In 1888 he was spoken of as an available candidate 
for district attorney of Lackawanna county, Pa. Had H. M. Ed- 
wards accepted the nomination of additional law judge of Lacka- 
wanna county, which was tendered him, Mr. Jones would have 
been nominated for district attorney. He married, December 4, 
1884, Lizzie Eugenia Kenyon, a daughter of Rev. Jefferson B. 
Kenyon, a native of Pawling, N. Y. He removed to Blakely in 
1832, and in 1836 married Rhoda H. Callender, a daughter of 
Samuel Callender, of Blakely. Mr. Kenyon was one of the 
earliest resident pastors of the Baptist church of Blakely, and 
retired from active service in 1871. He was .an active member of 
the Blakely poor board and was the first burgess of that borough. 
Mr. and Mrs. Jones have a family of two children — Marshall 
Gray Jones and Helen Payne Jones. 


George Baker Hillman was born in this city May 21, 1867. 
He is the great-grandson of Joseph Hillman, whose son, H. B. 
Hillman was a native of Montgomery Square, Pa., where he 
spent his young manhood. At an early day he removed to 

1374 George Baker Hillman. 

Mauch Chunk, Pa., where he was a partner in the mercantile 
business with Asa Packer, under the firm name of Packer & 
Hillman. Before the days of railroading in the Lehigh Valley, 
he ran packet boats between Mauch Chunk and Easton, and also 
between White Haven and Mauch Chunk. In 1S42 he removed 
to this city and was one of the early coal operators in the Wyom- 
ing Valley. In 1847 he shipped ten thousand tons of coal from 
the old Blackman and Solomons Gap or Ross mines, to New 
York and Philadelphia on the Lehigh & Susquehanna Railroad. 
This was the first considerable amount of coal sent from this val- 
ley by that route. He for a time kept the old Eagle Hotel at 
the corner of Market and Franklin streets, where the Second 
National Bank now stands, but his principal business was that of 
a coal operator during his lifetime. In 1853 and 1854 he was 
burgess of the borough of Wilkes-Barre. In 1861 he was a mem- 
ber of the house of representatives, and was at one time a colonel 
in the militia, and he was known by young and old as Colonel 
Hillman. He died March 17, 1882. He married, May 4, 1831, 
Elizabeth Pryor, a daughter of John Pryor, a native of Mount 
Holly, N. J. His wife was Keziah Woodbury, a daughter of 
Richard Woodbury, of Mount Holly, and from whom the vil- 
lage of Woodbury, N.J. received its name. Mrs. Hillman is 
still living. H. B. Hillman, son of Colonel H. B. Hillman was 
born in Mauch Chunk, Pa., April 12, 1834. He has been en- 
gaged in the coal business the greater part of his manhood. In 
1 886 he lost his eldest son, Harry G. Hillman, twenty years of age, 
a bright and promising student of the Wilkes-Barre academy. 
As a memorial of this son the Harry Hillman academy owes its 
existence. We quote from its catalogue : " The admirable 
school building of the academy was erected by Mr. H. Baker 
Hillman, of this city. It is designed as a memorial of his eldest 
son, Harry Grant Hillman, a devoted pupil of the academy, whose 
untimely death was lamented by all who knew him. The lot and 
the building upon it are solely Mr. Hillman's gift. It is situated 
near the corner of West River and Terrace streets. The build- 
ing, with a heavy foundation of stone, is of brick laid in red 
mortar. The cornices and sills are of cut stone ; the ornamenta- 
tion is of terra-cotta. Externally it is of a handsome appearance, 

George Baker Hillman. 1375 

and is highly creditable to the generosity which gave it, and to 
the public appreciation which maintains it. The interior of the 
building is planned from sketches made by the teachers, and is 
therefore well adapted to its special uses. The first floor con- 
tains a large study room, with ample space for one hundred and 
thirty-five single desks, two capacious cloak rooms, and a sepa- 
rate room in the rear for the primary department. On the second 
floor are four large recitation rooms, an office, a reception room, 
and a library room. The chapel and two large rooms for the 
literary and scientific societies of the academy occupy the third 
floor. Throughout the building there is plenty of air-space. 
The ceilings are high ; the hall-ways are wide ; the rooms are 
spacious. The building is heated and lighted throughout and 
well furnished." H. B. Hillman is president of the board of 
trustees of the Harry Hillman academy ; a director of the 
Peoples' Bank ; secretary and director of the Vulcan Iron Works ; 
vice president and director of the Glen Summit Hotel Company, 
and a director of the Electric Light Company. He is also a 
vestryman in St. Stephen's Protestant Episcopal church. In 1871 
and 1872 he was a councilman in this city. His wife, whom he 
married February 19, 1862, is Josephine A. Hillman, daughter of 
Joseph Hillman, of Nazareth, Pa., where he resided until he was 
elected sheriff of Northampton county, Pa., when he removed to 
Easton, Pa. George Baker Hillman, son of H. B. Hillman, was 
educated in the public schools of this city and the Harry Hill- 
man academy. He received his law education at the law de- 
partment of the University of Pennsylvania, and was under the 
instruction of Wayne McVeigh, of Philadelphia, and Dickson 
(A. H.), and Atherton (T. H.), of this city. He was admitted to 
the Luzerne county bar December 10, 1888. He is now in 
Europe travelling with his father's family. It is too soon, per- 
haps, to make an entirely safe prediction as to Mr. Hillman's future 
in his chosen profession. He appears, however, to have inherited, 
in large part, the keen and prudent business instincts of his father, 
and these, with the exceptional advantages he has had in the dis- 
tinguished legal standing of the gentlemen who were his tutors, 
constitute an equipment that should open up to him a success- 
ful and prosperous career. 

1376 William John Trembatii. 


George Washington Moon was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., December 10, 1888. He was educated in the public 
schools and high school, Easton, Pa., and Lafayette college, Eas- 
tern, Pa., from which he graduated in the class of 1885, and read 
law with N. Taylor in this city. Mr. Moon was born inScranton, 
Pa., July 4, i860, and is the son of Silas R. Moon, a native of 
Scott township, Luzerne (now Lackawanna) county, Pa., who was 
the son of Henry Moon, a native of Dutchess county, N. Y. His 
mother is Mary E. Ward, a native of Scranton, and daughter of 
Conrad Ward, of that city. Mr. Moon has had the benefit of a 
good practical education as above shown, and is possessed of a 
patient energy that is invaluable in any walk of life, and especially 
in that of an attorney seeking to establish a practice. In the op- 
portunities his professional career has thus far afforded (neces- 
sarily limited, because of the brief period that has elapsed since 
his admission), he has evinced an aptitude in analyzing a case and 
applying the features of the law that most closely fit it, that 
presage an ultimately paying and successful business. 


William John Trembath was admitted to the Luzerne county 
bar December 10, 1888. He is the son of Thomas Trembath, a 
prominent hotel keeper of this city, a native of Penzance, Corn- 
wall, England, who left his home at the age of nineteen, and 
was among the early adventurers to the gold fields of Cali- 
fornia and Australia. He came to this city in 1873, an< ^ has re- 
sided here since. His wife, the mother of W. J. Trembath, whom 
he married at Penzance, was Adelaide Love, of the same place. 
She was the daughter of Samuel Love, captain of a merchant 
vessel trading at Penzance. He was lost at sea. W. J. Trem- 
bath, son of Thomas Trembath, was born at Ballarat in the 
province of Victoria, Australia, December 16, 1859. At three 

William Irwin Hibbs. 1377 

years of age his father removed again to England, where he re- 
mained until William was six years of age, when he removed 
to this country. W. J. Trembath was educated in the public 
schools of this city, at Wyoming seminary, Kingston, Pa., 
and at Lafayette college, Easton Pa., graduating from the latter 
institution in the class of 1885. He read law with Nathaniel 
Taylor in this city. Among the quieter, hard-working younger 
members of the Luzerne bar, Mr. Trembath has already attracted 
no little attention. He is in no degree averse to, or afraid of the 
persistent and often wearisome labor that almost invariably is re- 
quired in the building up of a legal practice, where high social 
influence or other adventitious aids are lacking, and herein dis- 
plays a characteristic that almost always presages victory in the 
profession. He is a close student, has keen perceptions, is a 
ready reasoner and handles a case with much skill. 


William Irwin Hibbs was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., March 11, 1889. He is the son of Edward Mont- 
gomery Hibbs, a native of Bucks county, Pa., and grandson 
of John Hibbs, a native of the same county, who removed to 
Greenwood township, Juniata county, Pa., over fifty years since. 
The wife of E. M. Hibbs and mother of W. I. Hibbs, is Catha- 
rine Potter, daughter of John Potter, of Delaware township, Ju- 
niata county, Pa. W. I. Hibbs was born in Greenwood town- 
ship, near Thompsontown, Pa., June 3, 185 1. He was educated 
at the Millersville (Pa.) normal school and followed the occu- 
pation of a teacher for seventeen years. He read law with L. E. 
Atkinson, and was admitted to the bar of Juniata county, Pa., 
February 4, 18S9. Mr. Hibbs' office is in Pittston, Pa. Nearly 
a score of years devoted to educational matters are not a bad 
groundwork for a legal career. The profession of school teach- 
ing is one in the pursuit of which there are many opportunities 
for acquiring knowledge that practice at the bar will develop 
profitable use for. It yields also a knowledge of human nature, 

1378 James Lincoln Morris. 

which is not by any means the least useful accomplishment a 
lawyer can have. Mr. Hibbs has taken hold in the rapidly grown 
town to the north of us in a way that seems to premise the ulti- 
mate attainment by him of a first-class position in the line of prac- 
ticing attorneys. 


James Lincoln Morris was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., April 22, 1889. He is the son of Michael W. Morris, 
a native of Loughcurra, in the county of Galway, Ireland, where 
he was born March 1, 1830. The latter emigrated to this 
country in 1847, and located in Hawley, Pa. For six years he 
was engaged as clerk in a store and post office; for two years in the 
office of the Pennsylvania Coal Company, and for one year was in 
business for himself. In 1856 he removed to Pittston, where he 
has resided since. His principal business since he has resided 
in this county has been the mercantile and milling business. He 
is at present a member of the firm of Morris & Walsh, proprietors 
of the Keystone Roller Mills in this city. Mr. Morris has been 
a member of the school board of Pittston for fifteen years, and 
about all the school buildings that have been erected in that 
borough were erected during the time that Mr. Morris was on 
the board. He was treasurer of the Pittston school board for five 
years, and about the same length of time he was treasurer of the 
borough. He has been a director and treasurer of the Pittston 
Street Railway Company for fifteen years, and a director for 
eighteen years and one of the organizers of the Miners' Savings 
Bank, of Pittston. He is one of the most prominent Father Mat- 
thew men in the county, having taken the pledge from Father 
Matthew in 1842. He was for eighteen years treasurer of the 
Catholic Total Abstinence Union, of Pennsylvania. This office 
he resigned in June last. Mr. Morris was an original abolitionist, 
and on the organization of the republican party became one of 
its most active workers. In 1861 he was the candidate of the 
republican party for treasurer of Luzerne county. He was 
elected with the aid of the army vote, but that vote being de- 

Thomas Darling. 1379 

clared unconstitutional, he was defeated by James Walsh, his 
democratic competitor. Mr. Morris was an ardent admirer of 
Horace Greely, and when he became a candidate for president, 
was active in the canvass, and upon his defeat became a demo- 
crat and has been active in its organization since. He married, 
June 11, 1857, Bridget E. Mulligan, a daughter of James Mulli- 
gan. He has a family of four children — James L., John W., Alice, 
wife of Eugene Mulligan, of this city, and Mary. James L. 
Morris, son of M. W. Morris, was born in Pittston, Pa., May 12, 
i860. He was educated in the academy of the Immaculate 
Heart, at Pittston ; in the public schools ; and attended, for three 
years, the college of St. Hyancinthe, near Montreal, Quebec, 
Canada. He graduated from the Georgetown (D. C.) Univer- 
sity in the class of 1882. He spent one year in the law depart- 
ment of Georgetown University and completed his law studies in 
the office of E. P. and J. V. Darling in this city. He has been a 
correspondent of the Scranton Republican, and of the Union- 
Leader of this city, and is at present one of the editors of the 
Plainspcaker, at Hazleton. He is also one of the court clerks. 
In 1888 he was secretary of the democratic county committee. 
Mr. Morris is a young man of many excellent attainments. He 
has a wide acquaintance in all parts of the county, following upon 
his journalistic experience and his occupancy of the position of 
court clerk, and being of sunny disposition and genial manners, 
has made himself generally liked. His court clerkship neces- 
sarily gave him no little knowledge of the law and a familiarity 
with the methods of practice that must needs stand any observant 
and intelligent young man in good stead. His tastes incline 
him to continue giving part of his time to newspaper work, but 
his chances at the bar are among the best, if he shall see fit to 
give his attention chiefly to them. 


Thomas Darling, who was admitted to the bar of Luzerne 
county, Pa., April 22, 1889, is a son of the late E. P. Darling, of 

1380 Thomas Darling. 

this city. (See page 88). The mother of Thomas Darling was 
Emily H. Rutter, a daughter of Nathaniel Rutter of this city. 
He was a native of Salisbury township, Lancaster county, Pa., 
where he was born in 1806. He came to this city in 1825, and 
has resided here since. He was first engaged as a clerk by Mat- 
thias Hollenback, and afterwards was a clerk for Ziba Bennett. 
He subsequently engaged in business with James D. Haff, as 
general merchants, under the firm name of Haff & Rutter, and 
when Judge David Scott became a partner, the firm was Haff, 
Rutter & Scott. In 1833 he went into business with George M. 
Hollenback, under the firm name of Hollenback & Rutter. This 
partnership continued until 1846, when Mr. Rutter went into 
business for himself, which he continued until 1888, when 
he retired. The grandfather of Nathaniel Rutter was George 
Rutter, a native of Germany. He came to this country and set- 
tled in Salisbury township, where Adam Rutter, the father of 
Nathaniel Rutter, was born. The mother of Mrs. Darling was 
Mary Ann Cist, a daughter of Jacob Cist. (See page 1353). 
Thomas Darling was born in Wilkes-Barre, Pa., May 29, 1863. 
He was educated in the public schools of this city, at the Wilkes- 
Barre academy, and Yale college, from which he graduated in 
the class of 1886. He read law with E. P. and T. V. Darling. A 
graduate of one of our leading universities, and the son and 
pupil of such eminent lawyers as his father and uncle, could 
not well help starting upon his professional career, if otherwise 
at all qualified, with success more than half won. The young 
man in this case has evidently fallen heir to not a few of the 
qualities that were the principal factors in the father's achieve- 
ment of what was probably the most important practice (import- 
ant in respect to the vast interests involved) enjoyed by any 
member of the Luzerne bar. He is only a beginner as yet, but 
his manner and bearing have made a good impression upon those 
of the older lawyers with whom he has been brought into con- 
tact in connection with his late father's and uncle's business, and 
these are generally agreed that he is destined to a leading place 
at the bar, if that object shall continue to be the goal of his am- 

Additions, Alterations and Corrections. 1381 





J. A. Gordon, p. 1. Mr. Gordon died at his residence in Plymouth, Pa., 
February 4, 1882. 

H. B. Wright, p. 2. Mr. Wright died at his residence in this city Sep- 
tember 2, 1 88 1. 

E. W. Sturdevant, p. 14. Mr. Sturdevant died at his residence in this 
city October 30, 1882. 

E. L. Dana, p. 31. Judge Dana died at his residence in this city April 
25, 1889. 

Steuben Jenkins, p. 52. Mr. Jenkins was elected to the legislature of 
the state of Pennsylvania in 1882, and served in the regular session, and also 
in the extra session of 1883. He was appointed by Governor Pattison trus- 
tee for the State Hospital for the Insane at Danville for three years, and at 
the expiration of his term by Governor Beaver for an additional term of three 
years. He is the author of the following publications : 

1878. Historical Address at the Wyoming Monument at the Centennial 
Commemorative Exercises, July 3, 1878, in pamphlet. 

1879. Historical Address at the Centennial Celebration of the Battle of 
Newtown of August 29, 1779, etc. Published by the State of New 
York, in a large volume, page 451, etc. 

1881. "A Celebration in ye Olden Time." Prepared by request of the 
Wyoming Historical and Geological Society, read at a meeting of 
that society and published in its proceedings. 

1885. "The Pittston Fort." Prepared for and published by the same so- 

1884. "Wyoming, Connecticut, Western Reserve." Published in the His- 
torical Register, Harrisburg, by Dr. Wm. H. Egle, Vol. II, No. 1. 

1888. "The Old Forty Fort Church" — Its history as a Presbyterian place of 
worship, etc., in pamphlet. 

1889. Address at the Centennial Reunion of the Breese Family, at Horse- 
heads, June 19, 1889. Published in Chemung Valley Reporter, June 
20, 1889. 

He is also author of the following biographies and genealogies of old 
Wyoming families, published in History of Luzerne, Lackawanna and Wyo- 
ming Counties : The Dana family, the Dorrance family, the Pettebone fam- 
ily, the Swetland family, the Slocum family, and some others in whole or in 
part. Also the Jenkins family of Rhode Island and Wyoming, published 
in the Historical Register of Rhode Island, and in pamphlet. He delivered 
an address before the Wyoming Historical and Geological Society, at the 
court house in the city of Wilkes-Barre, September 25, 1887, on the occasion 

1382 Additions, Alterations and Corrections. 

of the celebration of the centennial of the formation of Luzerne county, 
which is to be published by that society with the other proceedings. "Mr. 
Jenkins the poet historian, has written much and well, but published little. 
Full of vigor, originality and dramatic power, his verses breathe the crispness 
of the morning air and the pungency of spring buds, and however defective 
we may find the finish of his work, we cannot but admit that their author 
possesses a well-stored mind and a high degree of poetic inspiration, which 
is always drawn from nature's great fountains. "Wyoming," a tale of the 
revolutionary war, "Manitou of Wyoming," and "The Concord Chase," his 
longest poems, contain many delightful descriptive passages. "The Forest 
of Life" is a collection of his shorter bits of verse, marly of which evince a 
fair degree of lyric power.". 

Garrick M. Harding, p. 70. We were in error in stating that Judge 
Harding was born July 12, 1830. He was born July 12, 1827. 

H. M. Hoyt, p. 74. Ex-Governor Hoyt now resides in Philadelphia, Pa. 

Alexander Farnham, p. 84. See page 225 for Mr. Farnham's military 
record. After Mr. Ricketts' refusal to be mustered into the United States 
service, E. W. Finch was elected captain and Alexander Farnham first lieu- 
tenant. John D. Farnham, eldest son of Alexander Farnham, is now a 
senior in Yale University. 

E. P. Darling, p. 94. We were in error in stating that Colonel John Bull 
was the father of Rev. Levi Bull, D. D. ; neither was his wife the daughter 
of Robert Smith. The wife of John Smith, the maternal grandfather of E. 
P. Darling, was Elizabeth Bull, daughter of Thomas Bull, of Chester county, 
Pa., who was born June 9, 1744, the son of William Bull, an early settler in 
that county. He received the meagre education afforded in his day, and 
learned the trade of a stonemason. Prior to the revolution he was the man- 
ager of Warwick furnace. When that struggle came he entered heartily into 
the contest, and assisted in organizing the Chester county Battalion of Asso- 
ciators of the "Flying Camp," commanded by Colonel William Montgomery, 
of which he was commissioned lieutenant colonel. He was taken prisoner 
al Fort Washington in November, 1776, and confined on the Jersey prison 
ship. After several months he was properly exchanged. He subsequently 
returned to his position as manager of Warwick furnace, where he remained 
several years. In 1780 he was appointed by the general assembly one of the 
commissioners for the removal of the county seat. He was elected a dele- 
gate to the Pennsylvania convention to ratify the federal constitution in 1787, 
and served as a member of the state constitutional convention of 1789-90. 
He was chosen a presidential elector in 1792, and from 1795 to 1801 repre- 
sented Chester county in the legislature of the state. Prior to this he had 
purchased a fine tract of land on the head-waters of French creek, erecting 
thereon a grist and saw-mill, besides a large mansion, where he passed the 
evening of his days. Colonel Bull was one of the men of mark in Chester 
county, and prominent in public affairs for half a century. In business affairs 

Additions, Alterations and Corrections. 1383 

he was enterprising, in social life generous and genial, and in his church a 
faithful officer. In recognition of his eminent services during the war for 
independence, congress, as well as his native state, granted him a handsome 
annuity. He died July 13, 1837. His first wife, and the mother of his chil- 
dren, was Ann, daughter of John and Ann Hunter, of Whiteland, Chester 
county. They had eight children. The wife of Rev. Levi Bull, D. D., was 
Ann, daughter of Cyrus Jacobs, a prominent iron merchant in Pennsylvania. 
E. P. Darling died October 19, 1889. The greater part of the members of 
the Luzerne bar met at the court house, in this city, on October 22. Hon. 
Garrick M. Harding called the meeting to order. Hon. Andrew T. McClin- 
tock was elected chairman, and Allen H. Dickson, Esq., secretary. 

The following seven members of the bar were appointed a committee to 
draft resolutions of respect : Alexander Farnham, chairman, Hon. Charles 
E. Rice, Hon. D. L. Rhone, Hon. Garrick M. Harding, Hon. L. D. Shoe- 
maker, George B. Kulp and George R. Bedford. The committee retired 
and after a short absence returned and Mr. Farnham read the following 
resolutions which were unanimously adopted : 

"The members of the bar of Luzerne county are assembled to give expres- 
sion to their deep sense of bereavement, occasioned by the death of their 
honored and beloved associate, Edward Payson Darling. Death is at all 
times a startling visitor, even when expected, but when he suddenly appears 
and strikes down from a community one of its foremost citizens, a shock is 
felt to its utmost bounds. That sense of loss which otherwise would be 
limited, takes on a public character and becomes universal. We are con- 
scious of a great void where, just before, there had been an inspiring pres- 
ence, and we feel that the light of a splendid example has gone out from us 
forever. There comes to the thought, the recollection of those qualities of 
mind and soul which marked him and which went to make up the excellence 
of his character as it stood revealed before his fellow men. We are pos- 
sessed of a deep and earnest conviction that an irreparable loss has fallen 
to the community, and that the vacant place he left cannot well be filled 
during his generation. With what greater force do these suggestions affect 
us here assembled, when it occurs that a citizen, who has died thus honored 
and lamented, is one of our professional circle — a member of our own bar. 
Who, outside of the relationship of kindred and family, can so well testify 
concerning him as those, of similar vocation, who have had professional 
intercourse with him day by day, as the years have rolled by. * * * * 
From the very first, he ranked as one of the ablest of the younger members 
of the bar, and gave early promise of his subsequent brilliant professional 
career. His legal apprehensions were instinctive, and he was possessed ot 
a quick, intuitive perception that enabled him to single out at once the es- 
sential point of a case and apply the principle of law which controlled it. 
He was, moreover, imbued with the learning of the law. He kept well 
abreast with the current of judicial decision. To a keen intelligence he 
united a broad and generous culture. His diction was of the purest and was 

1384 Additions, Alterations and Corrections. 

conciseness itself. None could excel and but few equaled him in courtesy 
of demeanor. His whole bearing, and all that he said and did, indicated 
refinement of thought and action. Modest, gentle and unobtrusive, as he 
was, the superior qualities of his mind and nature were at once revealed and 
profoundly impressed those with whom he was brought into contact. At no 
time did he lose that sense of personal dignity which always commands in- 
voluntary respect. With these qualifications, no one stood better equipped 
for the duties of his profession. He gave, in addition, unremitting service 
to his patrons. But one result could ensue. He speedily rose to the highest 
rank, becoming one of the acknowledged leaders of our bar. His usefulness 
took even a wider range. He possessed the full confidence of the commu- 
nity, and his name was associated with most of its public enterprises. He 
was prominent in many of its financial institutions and in its organized chari- 
ties and trusts. Not only do we mourn him as a leader fallen from among 
us, but also as a brother around whom our affections centered. The grace 
of his personal character — the charm of his personal qualities — his unfailing 
courtesy — the refined spirit which marked his demeanor — his generous 
nature and quick sympathies — all these made up a personality which was 
endearing, a personality whose example will abide with us, and whose mem- 
ory will be green and unfading while we live. It is with these reflections 
that we have come to lay our tribute upon his bier ; therefore, be it 

Resolved, That the members of the bar of Luzerne county have learned 
with profound sorrow of the death of their fellow member, Edward P. Dar- 
ling, Esquire. 

Resolved, That in the death of Mr. Darling, not only has the community 
lost a foremost citizen, our profession a distinguished ornament, but each 
member of the bar feels a deep and abiding sense of personal bereavement. 

Resolved, That we tender to the family of the deceased our heartfelt 
sympathies in the great sorrow which has fallen upon them. 

Resolved, That a copy of these proceedings be presented the court at its 
next session and, with its permission, be placed upon the minutes thereof. 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be transmitted to the family of 
the deceased,, and that they be printed in the newspapers of the county. 

The resolutions were unanimously adopted, on motion of Mr. Brundage. 

Stanley Woodward, p. 97. John B. Woodward, son of Judge Wood- 
ward, is a member of the Luzerne county bar, and George S. Woodward, his 
other son, is in his second year at the medical department of the University 
of Pennsylvania. Both are graduates of Yale college. 

Agib Ricketts, p. 105. Mr. Ricketts was born in Rohrsburg, Columbia 
county, Pa., October 12, 1834. We were in error in stating his birthplace as 
Orangeville, Pa. 

Calvin Wadhams, p. 109. Mr. Wadhams died at his summer residence, 
Harvey's Lake, Pa., July 20, 1883. 

E. H. Chase, p. 125. Harold Taylor Chase a graduate of Harvard L T ni- 
versity is entered as a law student in his father's office. 

Additions, Alterations and Corrections. 1385 

Alfred Darte, p. 130. Captain Darte was elected district attorney of 
Luzerne county in November, 1888, over James L. Lenahan, by a majority 
of three hundred and ninety-nine votes. 

Harry Hakes, p. 134. Mr. Hakes is the grandson of George S. Hakes, 
instead of Lewis Hakes. See page 1198 for a corrected genealogy of the 
Hakes family. Mr. Hakes is the author of the genealogy of the Hakes 
family, a work of 220 pages, giving a history of the Hakes family in America. 
George B. Kulp, p. 148. Abraham Clemens, or Cleamans, father of Mrs. 
Jacob Kulp, was the grandson of Jacob Clemens, and son of Gerhart Clemens, 
who was born in 1680. He emigrated from the Palatinate on the Rhine in 1709. 
He purchased of David Powell in 1718 six hundred and ninety acres of land 
in what is now Lower Salford township, Montgomery county, Pa., on a branch 
of the Perkiomen creek, near the present village of Lederachsville. He built 
a mill there, known as Alderfer's, in 1726. This mill stood till 1823. He 
died in 1745. In 1 7 1 8 he sold two hundred and fifty acres of his land to his 
son, Abraham Clemens, whose wife was Catharine Bachman. They had 
ten children, of whom Mary was the fifth. The old homestead is still in 
possession of some of his descendants. Abraham Clemens died in 1777. 
Abraham Kulp, the grandfather of George B. Kulp, was at one time a 
resident of Northampton (now Monroe) county, Pa. He resided on what 
is now known among the old settlers as Kulp's run, or, as some call it, Two- 
mile run, midway between Tobyhanna and Stoddartsville. Abraham Kulp 
removed from therein 1817, when Jacob Blakeslee, father of thepresent Ja- 
cob Blakeslee, moved into his house. The latter was born on the place and 
still resides there. Lyman Cobb Kulp, the only brother of George B. Kulp 
who grew to manhood, was at one time the publisher of the Rockport (Mo.) 
Banner. He was killed in the late civil war at the battle of Antietam. Rev. 
George H. Lorah, of Doylestown, Pa., a minister of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, is a nephew of George B. Kulp, his mother, Amanda M. Lorah, 
being an elder sister of Mr. Kulp. The children of Mr. and Mrs. Kulp are 
John Stewart Kulp, M. D., now pursuing a post graduate course in the med- 
ical department of the University of Pennsylvania, Harry Eugene Kulp, and 
Mary Estelle Kulp. George B. Kulp is the president of the board of trustees 
of the Fourth M. E. church, of Wilkes-Barre. John Stewart, Esq., father-in- 
law of Mr. Kulp, was for fifteen years a director of the poor in the incor- 
porated district composed of "Jenkins township, Pittston borough and Pitts- 
ton township," composed of the boroughs of Pleasant Valley, Pittston and 
Hughestown, and the townships of Pittston, Jenkins, Lackawanna and Old 
Forge, and also for the same length of time, a director of "the poor of Provi- 
dence," composed of the city of Scranton and the borough of Dunmore. 
He is president of that body. He is also one of the trustees of the Adams 
avenue M. E. church of Scranton. 

Gustav Hahn, p. 1G2. The wife of Mr. Hahn died August 19, 1889. His 
son, Byron Gustav Hahn, is in the senior department of Lafayette college. 
He is also entered as a law student in the office of Henry A. Fuller. 

1386 Additions, Alterations and Corrections. 

E. S. Osborne, p. 164. In 1884 General Osborne was a candidate for 
congressman-at-large in the state of Pennsylvania. He had a majority in 
the state of 75,227. In 1886 he was also a candidate for congressman-at- 
large. He had a plurality of 47,615. In 1888 he was a candidate for con- 
gressman in the twelfth congressional district (Luzerne county) against John 
Lynch, democrat, and H. W. Evans, prohibitionist. He had a plurality of 
1499 votes. John Ball Osborne, son of General Osborne, graduated from 
Yale college in the class of 1889. He is now a law student in his father's 
office. William Osborne, another son, is a cadet at the West Point military 

D. L. Rhone, p. 170. In 1884 Judge Rhone was a candidate for reelec- 
tion as president judge of the Orphans' Court of Luzerne county. The re- 
publicans made no nomination against him, and he received the entire vote, 
25,636. His daughter, Mary P., was married March 30, 18S6, to Harry G. 
Marcy, of this city. 

C. D. Foster, p. 184. In 1884 Mr. Foster was elected a member of the 
house of representatives of Pennsylvania from this city. He had a majority 
of 225 votes over J. S. Zirnhelt, his democratic competitor. 

H. W. Palmer, p. 194. In 1889 Mr. Palmer was chairman of the Penn- 
sylvania Constitutional Prohibition Committee. His eldest son, Bradley W. 
Palmer, is a graduate of Harvard University, in the class of 1888. He is a 
law student in his father's office. 

D. L. O'Neill, p. 235. Daniel L. O'Neill, Jr., and William A. O'Neill, 
sons of Hon. D. L. O'Neill, are entered as law students in their father's office. 

E. K. Morse, p. 245. Mr. Morse married, September 5, 1888, Margaret 
Isabel, daughter of Joseph B. Vannan, a native of Glasgow, Scotland, now 
a resident of Carbondale, Pa. He is superintendent of Van Bergen & Com- 
pany's foundry and machine shops. A son, Kendall Morse, was born to 
Mr. Morse June 21, 1889. 

R. J. Bell, p. 248. Mr. Bell died in this city May 26, 1889. 

James Mahon, p. 250. Mr. Mahon now resides in Scranton, Pa. 

Charles L. Lamberton, p. 251. Mr. Lamberton now resides in the city 
of New York. 

John Lynch, p. 282. In 1886 Mr. Lynch was a candidate for congress 
from the twelfth congressional election district of Pennsylvania. His com- 
petitors were J. A. Scranton, republican, and A. Knapp, M. D., prohibi- 
tionist. Mr. Lynch was elected by a plurality of 650 votes. In 1888 ha was 
again a candidate, but was defeated by E. S. Osborne, republican. 

Andrew Hunlock, p. 307. We were in error in stating that Mr. Hun- 
lock inherited a competency. This is not true. The wealth acquired by 
Mr. Hunlock is the result of his own efforts, aided largely by judicious in- 

Additions, Alterations and Corrections. 1387 

Burton Downing, p. 355. Mr. Downing married, November 2, 1886, 
Libbie H. Snyder, daughter of Alfred Snyder, of Scranton. Mr. Downing 
is now actively engaged in the practice of the law. 

Charles E. Rice, p. 355. We were in error in stating that Moses Rice 
was born in 1797. It was the date of the birth of Thomas Arnold Rice, who 
was born in Eatonville, N. Y., and who died in 1880. We were also in error 
in relation to the Carr family. The grandfather of Eleazer Carr was Caleb 
Carr, who was born in East Greenwich, R. I. His son, Eleazer Carr, 
moved to Hancock, Berkshire county, Mass., shortly before the revolution- 
ary war, and remained there until near 1800 (between 1790 and 1800), 
when, with his son Eleazer (the father of Vienna Carr), his wife and some 
other children, he removed to Salisbury, N. Y. About 181 1 he sold his 
farm there and removed to Le Roy, Genessee county, N. Y. Charles E. 
Rice was the nominee of the republican party for law judge at the election 
in 1889. His competitors were Edwin Shortz, democrat, and Lewis D. Vail, 
of Philadelphia, prohibition. The vote was Rice, 12,197; Shortz, 11,062; 
Vail, 822. Mr. Rice succeeds himself as president judge of Luzerne county. 

L. H. Bennett, p. 413. We were in error in stating that Judge Hakes 
was a descendant of John Hakes. The fact is that John Hakes' name, 
while a resident of Lynn, Mass., was John Hawkes; after his removal to 
Windsor, where he resided for about twenty years, it was entered on the town 
records as John Hakes, with one exception, when it was spelled John 
Haykes, and when he removed to Deerfield, Mass., his name was again 
John Hawkes. At his death his estate was administered as John Hawkes. 
Judge Hakes was a descendant of Solomon Hakes. (See page 1198.) 

W. H. McCartney, p. 427. In 1885 Mr. McCartney was the republican 
candidate for district attorney. He was defeated by James L. Lenahan, the 
vote standing — McCartney, 8604; Lenahan, 9191. 

Q. A. Gates. Mr. Gates married, May, 7, 1885, Mary A. Clark, a daugh- 
ter of the late Judson Clark, of Providence, who in his lifetime was one of 
the largest individual coal operators in the Lackawanna valley. Mrs. Gates 
died January 14, 1887, leaving to survive her one child, Elva Gates. 

H. B. Beardslee, p. 452. Mr. Beardslee died March n, 1886, at Indian 
Orchard, Wayne county, Pennsylvania. 

A. H. Dickson, p. 458. Rev. John Casper Stcever, son of Dietrich 
Stcever, burger and merchant of Frankenberg ; name was entered on 
the ship's register with the addition of saticro sanctcc theologice studiosus. 
He spent his first year in America in the vicinity of Trappe, Montgomery 
county, Pa. In May, 1730, he settled on the upper waters of the Conestoga, 
near where New Holland, Pa., now stands. At this time he served as pastor 
of the Lutherans of Lancaster, Philadelphia and Berks counties. In Sep- 
tember, 1732, Rev. John Christian Schultze arrived in Pennsylvania, and in 
1733 he ordained Mr. Stcever at the Trappe, within a barn then used as a 

1388 Additions, Alterations and Corrections. 

place of worship. The Augustus Lutheran church at Trappe was organized 
in 1732, and Rev. John C. Schultze was its pastor for a year, and from 1733 
to 1742 Rev. John C. Stcever was its pastor. In the latter year Rev. Henry 
Melchoir Muhlenburg arrived in this country and became the pastor. How 
Mr. Muhlenburg became "the founder of the Lutheran Church in America" 
is beyond our comprehension, saying nothing of the Dutch Lutherans in 
New York and the Swedish Lutherans in Delaware and Pennsylvania. From 
1728, the date of the arrival of Mr. Stcever in this country, his voice was 
heard preaching the gospel in all the German settlements in Pennsylvania. 
In 1733 he established "Die Evangelische Lutherische Gemeinde on der 
Kathores," where York, Pa., now stands. He regularly opened church 
records for the congregations he had organized at Mode Creek, New Hol- 
land, Lancaster, North Hill, Lebanon, and other places, and Father Stcever 
is justly entitled to be called the father of Lutheranism in Pennsylvania. 

J. D. Coons, p. 468. Mr. Coons married, February 22, 1887, Ella Con- 
stine, a native of this city, and daughter of the late John Constine, a native 
of Duechersfeld, Bavaria, Germany. He was the son of Loeb Constine and 
his wife Babette (Mack) Constine. The mother of Mrs. Coons is Fanny 
Constine {nee Long), a daughter of the late Isaac Long, a native of Pretz- 
felt, Germany. Mr. and Mrs. Coons have a family of two children — John 
Constine Coons and Isador Coons. 

L. B. Landmesser, p. 475. Mr. Landmesser was in 1889 the chairman 
of the republican county committee. 

S. J. Strauss, p. 476. Mordecai Strauss, a brother of S. J. Strauss, now 
a third year's student in Johns Hopkins University, is entered as a law stu- 
dent in Gaius L. Halsey's office. 

E. A. Lynch, p. 488. Mr. Lynch married. October 7, 1888, Annie G. 
Lenahan, a daughter of Patrick Lenahan and his wife Elizabeth Lenahan 
{nee Duffy). (See page 558.) 

O. J. Harvey, p. 508. George Francis Nesbitt, a son of Abram Nesbitt, 
is a law student in the office of J. V. Darling. 

H. C. Magee, p. 532. Mr. Magee died April 27, 1888, at Plymouth, Pa. 

C. W. McAlarney, p. 533. Mr. McAlarney married, May 26, 1886, 
Clara Shonk, a daughter of John J. Shonk. (See page 543.) Mr. and Mrs. 
Shonk had one child, John Shonk McAlarney, who is now deceased. 

Ernest Jackson, p. 538. Mr. Jackson was chairman of the democratic 
county committee in 1888. 

George W. Shonk, p. 541. Mr. Shonk, during the year 1889-90, was 
chairman of the republican county convention. He is secretary and treas- 
urer of the Cabin Creek Coal Company, of the Williams Coal Company of 
Kanawha, of the Kanawha Railroad Company, and of the Cabin Creek and 
Coal River Land Company. He is a director of the Wilkes-Barre Heat, 

Additions, Alterations and Corrections. 1389 

Light and Motor Company, of the Kingston Electric Company, and of the 
Wilkes-Barre and Harvey's Lake Railroad Company. He is secretary and 
treasurer of the last named company. He is also a member of the coal firm 
of Haddock, Shonk & Company, and the Pocassat Coal Company, and is a 
life director in the Wyoming Seminary, in Kingston, Pa. Stanley Wood- 
ward Davenport, a student at law in the office of George W. Shonk, is 
the great-great-grandson of Thomas Davenport, the ancestor of the Daven- 
port family in this county. His great-grandfather was Thomas Davenport, 
Jr. His grandfather was Oliver Davenport, and his father is Edwin Daven- 
port. (See page 544). Mr. Davenport married, June 13, 1889, Mary Weir, 
daughter of Andrew Weir. (See page 423). 

J. L. Lenahan, p. 558. Mr. Lenahan was the democratic candi 
district attorney in 1888, but was defeated by Alfred Darte. 

Nathan Bennett, p. 561. Mr. Bennett died June 1, 1889. 

Edwin Shortz, p. 564. Robert Packer Shortz, eldest son of Edwin 
Shortz, is a cadet at the West Point Military Academy. In 1889 Edwin 
Shortz was the candidate of the democratic party of Luzerne county for law 
judge. He was defeated by Charles E. Rice. In 1863 and 1864 he was 
county surveyor of Carbon county, Pa. 

W. R. Gibbons, p. 573. Mr. Gibbons married, July 17, 1888, Ella M. 
Smith, a native of Ashley, Pa., daughter of Michael Smith, a native of Ire- 
land. The mother of Mrs. Gibbons, and wife of Michael Smith, is Bridget 
Masterson, daughter of Cornelius Masterson, a native of Trim, county of 
Meath, Ireland, who resided in Newark, N. J., at the time of his death. Mr. 
and Mrs. Gibbons have one child— William Michael Gibbons. 

G. H. R. Plumb, p. 603. Mr. Plumb married, February 2, 1887, Mary 
E. Van Buskirk, a native of Hamilton township, Monroe county, Pa. She 
is a daughter of Samuel W. Van Buskirk, son of Jesse Van Buskirk, whose 
wife was a Miss Burrett, and her father was a soldier of the revolutionary 
war. Mr. Plumb now resides in Minneapolis, Minn. 

W. H. Hines, p. 610. Mr. Mines was elected to the senate of Pennsyl- 
vania in 1888. His plurality was 924. Rev. T. C. Edwards was his repub- 
lican competitor, and D. C. Jeremy was the prohibitionist candidate. 

Joseph Moore, p. 617. Mr. Moore married, March 3, 1888, Bessie 
Athey, a native of Donaldson, Schuylkill county. Pa. She is the daughter 
of Michael Athey, a native of the county of Durham, England. His wife 
is Elizabeth Fotheringill, daughter of Joseph Fotheringill, also a native of 
the county of Durham. 

C. F. Bohan, p. 625. Charles Patrick Bohan, a brother of C. F. Bohan, 
is a student in the law department of Yale University. 

Ziba Mathers; p. 626. Mr. Mathers died at his residence in Luzerne, 
Pa., March 12, 1888. 

139° Additions, Alterations and Corrections. 

C. B. Staples, p. 658. Mr. Staples has removed to Stroudsburg, Pa. 

P. A. O'Boyle, p. 659. Mr. O'Boyle married, October 11, 1888, Rosalie 
T. Walsh, a native of Lee, Mass. She is the daughter of Dennis Walsh, a 
native of Dublin, Ireland, who emigrated to this country about 1850. The 
wife of Dennis Walsh was Maria Burke, daughter of Richard Burke, an 
architect in Dublin. He was a relative of Edmund Burke, the great states- 
man and orator. 

P. C. Kauffman, p. 680. Mr. Kauffman married, September 11, 1889, 
Katharine Barton, daughter of John Barton, of Hazleton. Mr. Kauffman 
now resides at Vancouver, Washington. 

D. A. Fell, p. 687. Mr. Fell married, October 10, 1888, Frances Law- 
rence Bertels, daughter of Arnold Bertels, of this city. Mr. and Mrs. Fell 
have one child — Harold Bertels Fell. 

J. B. Woodward, p. 690. Mr. Woodward married, June 6, 1888, Ma- 
rian, daughter of T. S. Hillard. (See page 799.) 

J. O. Creveling, p. 694. Mr. Creveling married, June 13, 1889, Annie 
M. Pressler, a native of Bloomsburg, Pa. 

J. B. Shaver, p. 696. Mr. Shaver died April 1, 1887, at his residence in 
Plymouth, Pa. 

C. E. Keck, p. 700. Mr. Keck married, August 29, 1888, Eva May 
Hoover, daughter of F. R. Hoover, of White Haven, Pa. Her mother, the 
wife of F. R. Hoover, was Elizabeth Messinger, daughter of Daniel Mes- 

P. A. Meixell, p. 729. Mr. Meixell was married, April 18, 1888, to Ella 
Gertrude Wise, a native of Newburg, N. Y., and daughter of A. C. Wise, 
also a native of Newburg, and his wife, Alvira C. Peck, a native of Colerain, 
Mass., daughter of Samuel Peck, of Peckville, Pa. 

W. A. Wilcox, p. 742. Mr. Wilcox now resides in Scranton, Pa. 

Harry Halsey, p. 753. Mr. Halsey was married, September 3, 1888, to 
Helen Virginia Hartman, a native of Baltimore, Md., daughter of J. P. Hart- 
man, also of Baltirnore. Her mother, Virginia Horsely, is a daughter of 
Dr. Samuel Cabell Horsely, who was at one time a surgeon in the United 
States army. 

E. F. McGovern, p. 773. Mr. McGovern married, April 18, 1888, Ellen 
E. Murphy, a native of Plains township, and daughter of Francis Murphy, 
a native of county Armagh, Ireland. They have one child — Mary Frances 

P. V. Weaver, p. 788. Peter Weaver, father of P. V. Weaver, a native of 
North White Hall, Lehigh county, Pa., died at his home in Butler township 
September 12, 1889. 

H. C. Adams, p. 807. Mr. Adams died in this city April I, 1889. 

Additions, Alterations and Corrections. 1391 

F. W. Larned, p. 808. Mr. Larned married, December 15, 1888, Estella 
L. Neiier, a daughter of W. W. Neiier, a native of Hamburg, Pa, His 
grandfather was one of the pioneers of Schuylkill county, Pa., and at one 
time owned twenty-six hundred acres of coal land near Pottsville, which is 
known as Neiier's Hollow. W. W. Neiier removed to Wilkes-Barre in 1856. 
The wife of W. W. Neiier died November 16, 1889. 

G. G. Waller, p. S42. Mr. Waller died December 4, 1888, at Brook- 
lyn, N. Y. , 

A. W. Bangs, p. 866. Tracy R. Bangs was the democratic nominee 
for attorney general in North Dakota in the election of 1889. 

Thomas M. Atherton, p. 867. Mr. Atherton was born April 12, 1829, 
in that part of Kingston township now known as Forty Fort. He was edu- 
cated at Wyoming seminary, and read law with L. D. Shoemaker, in this 
city. He was postmaster at Huntsville from 1858 until he removed to the 
west in i860. In the latter year he moved to Mitchell county, Iowa, and was 
appointed the first postmaster of West Mitchell, Iowa. In 1862 he was su- 
perintendent of the Mitchell county schools. He was postmaster .of Osage, 
Iowa, under Presidents Grant, Hayes and Arthur, when he resigned, and 
President Arthur appointed Mr. Atherton's son, Frank G., as his successor. 
He established and edited the Mitchell County Press in 1865, and has con- 
ducted it successfully since. For the past two years his daughter, Mary W., 
has had charge of the local department. T. M . Atherton is the son of Anson 
Atherton, grandson of Elisha Atherton. The wife of Anson Atherton was 
Sarah Mitchell, daughter of Thomas Mitchell. T. M. Atherton married, 
May 9, 1850, Elizabeth T. Gilmore, daughter of Stephen M. Gilmore, who 
married, in 1816, Jane Doane, a native of Harrisburg. (See page 1195-) 
Mr. and Mrs. Atherton have a family of six children — Jennie S. Atherton, wife 
of Isaac Patterson; Anna Elizabeth Atherton, wife of Nathan Patterson; 
Frank G. Atherton, intermarried with Mollie H. Westler, daughter of the 
late Hon. Nathan G. Westler, of Nescopeck, who represented Luzerne 
county in the legislature of the state in 1869; Charles Snover Atherton, 
Mary W. Atherton, and Thomas M. Atherton. 

John B. Mills, p. 905. Mr. Mills died October 22, 1889, at Riverside, Pa. 

F. E. Burrows, p. 936. Mr. Burrows was born October 6, 1842, in Pike 
township, Bradford county, Pa. He was educated at Fort Edward (N. Y.) 
Collegiate Institute and at Harvard Law School, from which he graduated 
in 1867. His great-grandfather, Daniel Burrows, was a native of Groton, 
Conn. He was a member of congress from 1821 to 1823, and was also col- 
lector of the port at Middletown, Conn. He received his appointment from 
President Jackson. He was also a minister of the Methodist Episcopal 
church. The grandfather of F. E. Burrows, Daniel Burrows, was a native 
of Hebron, Conn., as was also his father, Joshua Burrows. Mr. Burrows 
practiced his profession in this city, also in the city of New York. 

1392 Additions, Alterations and Corrections. 

William Lee Paine, p. 1003. This name should read William Lewis 

J. W. Miner, p. 1246. Thomas Miner, the second son of Clement Miner, 
was born at Chow-Magna, in the county of Somerset, England, April 23, 
1608. He emigrated to this country with John Winthrop in the ship Ara- 
bella in 1630, and settled at Salem in June of the same year. He went to 
Charlestown and back to Boston, and there married, April 26, 1633, Grace, 
daughter of Walter Palmer, of Rehoboth, Mass. He settled in Stonington, 
Conn., in 1653, and died there October 23, 1690. His wife Grace died the 
same year. His son Clement was born in 1640, and died November 8, 
1700. In a letter written by Charles Miner, August 5, 1S30, he says : "There 
is a vein of several feet in the Baltimore Bed which is pure and beautiful 
beyond description, and the mine recently opened by Messrs. R. Miner and 
Z. Bennett is remarkable for its purity and excellence so far as explored. 
The last mine I mention more particularly because Professor Silliman, in 
his interesting and, in the main, very correct notes on the Susquehanna and 
Lackawanna basin, speaks of this as only 5 or 6 feet deep. That is the 
depth to which coal has been taken out. The auger has been sunk 18 feet 
4 inches into solid coal and is not yet at the bottom." Professor Silliman 
speaks of the " Bed of Messrs. Bennett & Miner, four miles east from 
Wilkes-Barre, and one and a half from the Susquehanna River." John 
Abbott, father of Stephen Abbott, built the first dwelling house in the present 
limits of the city of Wilkes-Barre. It was of logs, and located at the south- 
west corner of Main and Northampton streets. Asher Miner married, No- 
vember 6, 1889, Hetty Lonsdale, daughterof Robert C. and Mrs. Shoemaker. 

Wilkes-Barre, Pa., November 18, 1889. 

Deceased Judges and Lawyers. 


List of Deceased President Judges, Additional Law Judges, Associate 

Judges, Non-Resident Members of the Bar, Living 

Judges and Resident Lawyers of 

Luzerne County. 

deceased president judges. 


Burnside, Thomas 
Chapman, Seth 
Conyngham, John N. 
Cooper, Thomas 
Gibson, John B. 
Jessup, William 
Rush, Jacob 
Scott, David 


Newton Stewart, Ireland. 
Wrightstown, Pa. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
London, England. 
Shearmans Valley, Pa. 
Southampton, L. I. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Blandford, Mass. 


July 28, 1782. 
January 23, 1771. 
December 17, 1798. 
October 22, 1759. 
November 8, 1780. 
June 21, 1797. 


April 3, 1782. 


June 28, 1816. 
July n, 1811. 
April — 1 841. 
March 1, 1806. 
October 16, 1812. 
April 7, 1838. 
August 17, 1791. 
July 7, 1818. 


March 25, 1851. 

February 23, 1871. 
May 11, 1840. 
May 3, 1853. 
September 11, 1868. 
t January 5, 1820. 
December 29, 1839. 

Dana, E. L. 


I Wilkes- Barre, Pa. | January 29, 1817. | December 2, 1867. | April 25, 1889. 


Barnum, Charles T. 
Bennett, Ziba 
Bradley, Abraham 
Carpenter, Benjamin 
Collins, Thomas 
Denison, Nathan 
Fell, Jesse 
Gore, Obadiah 
Grant, Sanford 
Hancock, William 
Harrison, Canfield 
Hollenback, Matthias 
Hurlbut, Christopher 
Kingsley, Nathan 
Kinney, Joseph 
Koons, John 
Merrifield, William 
Murray, Noah 
Myers, Lawrence 
Nesbitt, James 
Osterhout, Isaac S. 
Pettebone, Henry 
Pfouts, B. F. 
Pickering, Timothy 
Reichard, John 
Reynolds, W. C. 
Ross, W. S. 
Shoemaker, C. D. 
Slocum, Joseph 
Smith, William Hooker 
Steele, George P. 
Taylor, Edmund 
Welles, Rosewell 

Kingston, Pa. 
Weston, Conn. 
Litchfield, Conn. 
Orange county, N. Y. 
Buckingham, Pa. 
Plainfield, Conn. 
Vernon, Conn. 
Wilkes- Barre, Pa. 
Huntington, Pa. 
Jonestown, Pa. 
Groton, Conn. 
Scotland, Conn. 
Plainfield, Conn. 
Stroudsburg, Pa. 
Pine Plains, N. Y. 
Litchfield, Conn. 
I agrange, Pa. 
Kingston, Pa. 
Jersey Shore, Pa. 
Salem, Mass. 
Frankenthal, Prussia. 
Plymouth, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Kingston, Pa. 
Maiden, R. I. 
New York. 
Luzerne county, Pa. 
Allyngford, England. 
Glastonbury, Conn. 

January 7, 1813. 
November 10, 1800. 
February 21, 1767. 

January 25, 1741. 
April 16, 1751. 
December 18, 1744. 


December 18, 1799. 


February 17, 1752. 


January 23, 1743. 


August 23, 1795. 
April 22, 1806. 

June 12, 1718. 
October 26, 1806. 
October 5, 1802. 
April 12, 1809. 
July 17, 1745. 
May 24, 1807. 
December, 1801. 
August 11, 1802. 
July 9, 1802. 
April 9, 1777. 

1724. ■ 

1 801. 

August 4, 1804. 
August 20, 1 761. 

November 12, 1856. 
February 21, 1842. 
August 17, 1791. 
May 11, 1787. 
November 9, 1866. 
August 17, 1791. 
February 5, 1798. 
May 11, 1787. 
November 23, 1861. 
November 10, 1851. 
July 3, 1862. 
May 11, 1787. 
August s, 1789. 
May 11, 1787. 
June 2, 1789. 
April 22, 1846. 
November 12, 1856. 
November 28, 1788. 
July 7, 1790. 
May 11, 1787. 
February 9, 1870. 
March 6, 1&45. 
I November 9, 1870. 
October 12, 1786. 
November 23, 1861. 
March 15, 1841. 
May 6, 1829. 
August 21, 1830. 
April 28, 1851. 
May ii, 1787. 
November 9, 1866. 
January 15, 1850. 
April 26, 1793. 

January 11, 1887. 
November. 4, 1878 
May 7, 1838. 

January 25, 1809. 
August 5, 1830. 
March 21, 1821. 
January 29, 1886. 
January 7, 1859. 
February 28, 1880. 
February 18, 1829. 
April 21, 1831. 



February 13, 1878. 
June 4, 1877. 
May 11, 1811. 

July 2, 1792. 
April 12, 1882. 
May s, 1851. 
January 6, 1874. 
January 29, 1879. 
August 19, 1884 
January 25. 1869. 
July 11, 1868. 
August 1, 1861. 

July 17, 1815. 


February 8, i88r. 
March 19, 1830. 







Adams, Henry Clay 

Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 


May 19, 1888. 

April 1, 1889. 

Allen, John I. 

January 6, 1841. 

Alsover, Jabez 

Easton, Pa. 

September 26, 1843. 

May 3, 1870. 

December 2, 1878. 

Beardslee, H. B. 

Mount Pleasant, Pa. 

April 15, 1821. 

April 16, 1874. 

March n, 1886. 

Beaumont, W. H. 

Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 

November 27, 1825. 

April 8, 1851. 

June 19, 1874. 

Bedford, James S. 

Waverly, Pa. 

October 16, 1829. 

January 10, 1854 

December 2, 1865 . 

Bell, Rufus J. 

Troy, N. Y. 

September 9, 1829. 

September 27, 1864. 

May 26, 1880. 

Bennet, Charles 

Kingston, Pa. 

February 28, 1819. 

April 7. 1845. 

August 6, 1866 

Bennet, D S. 

Fairfield, Pa. 

September 3, 1853. 

June 11, 1877. 

September 16, 1884. 

Bennett, Nathan 

Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 

July 7, 1852. 

September 22, 1879. 

lune 1, 1889. 

Bidlack, B. A. 

Paris, N. Y. 

September 8, 1804. 

January 5, 1825. 

February 6, 1849. 

Blackman, Miner S. 

Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 

August 14, 1815. 

January 2, 1843. 

May 25, 1848. 

Bowman, Caleb F. 

Berwick, Pa. 

February 21, 1822. 

August 5, 1850. 

January 25, 1874. 


Deceased Members of the Bar. 

Bowman, Ebenezer 
Bowman, James W. 
Bowman, Samuel 
Bradley, Abraham 
Brisbin, John 
Brundage, C. B. 
Bryson, James 
Butler, Chester 
Byington, T. L. 
Byrne, Peter J. 
Cake, Isaac M. 
Campbell. Joseph H. 
Canavan, Martin 
Case, William F. 
Catlin, Charles 
Catlin, George 
Catlin, Putnam 
Chamberlain, Albert 
Chase, Ezra B. 
Collins, Oristus 
Conyngham, John B. 
Conyngham, John N. 
Covell, Edward M. 
Craig, John P. 
•Crane, 'F. M. 
Dana, E. L. 
Dana, Milton 
Dana, bylvester 
Darling, E. P. 
Darte, Alfred 
Denison, Charles 
Denison, George 
Dickinson, Israel 
Dietiick, A. I. 
Drake, George C. 
Dyer, Thomas 
Evans, John 
Flanagan, M.J. 
Fuller, Amzi 
h uller, Henry M. 
Gordon, James A. 
Gore, John L. 
Graham, Thomas 
Griffin, George 
Hakes, Lyman 
Hamilton, Arthur 
Harvey, Elisha B. 
Haughawout, George D. 
Headley, Samuel F. 
Hill, E. S. M. 
Hodgdon, Samuel 

Holliday, James 
Jackson, Angelo 
Jackson, M. E. 
Johnson, O F. 
Jones, Joel 
Jones, M. H. 
Jones, Nathaniel 

Ketcham, J. H. 

Ketcham, W. W. 

Kidder, Luther 

Kidder, R. M. 

King, Henry 

Kingman, W. R. 

Lathrop, D. N. 

Le Clerc, E. E. 

Lee, Washington 

Lee, Washington 

Lewis, A. C 

Little, W. E. 

Longstreet, S. P. 

Magee, Henry C. 

Mallery, E. G. 

Mallery, Garrick 

Mallery, P. B. 

Mathers, Ziba 

Maxwell, Volney L. 

McClintock, James 

McQuillan, Dennis A. 

McShane, Francis 

Meredith, 1 homas 

Merriman, Edgar L. 

Metcalf, Henry 

Miller. W. H. 

Mills, 'John B. 

Miner, Josiah H. 

Miner, Joseph W. 

Myers, John W. 


Lexington, Mass. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Wilkes- Barre, Pa. 
Litchfield, Conn. 
Chenango county, N. Y. 
Conyngham, Pa. 
Minersville, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Johnsonburg, N. J. 
Eniscorthy, Ireland. 
Northumberland, Pa. 
Northumberland Co., Pa. 
County Sligo, Ireland. 

Wilkes- Rarre, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Litchfield, Conn. 
Bennington, Vt. 
West Windsor, N. Y. 
Marlboro, Conn. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Columbia Co., Pa. 
Salisbury, Conn. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Eaton, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Berks county, Pa. 
Bolton, Conn. 
Kingston, Pa. 
Kingston, Pa. 

Columbia Co., Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Windham, Conn. 

Pottsville, Pa. 
Kent, Conn. 
Bethany, Pa. 
Corning, N. Y. 

Fast Haddam. Conn. 
Harpersfield, N. Y. 
Harveyville, Pa. 
Northumberland Co , Pa 
Litchfield. N Y. 
Carmel, N. Y. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

Erie, N. Y. 
Berwick, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Coventry. Conn. 
Hebron, Conn. 

Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Waterford, Vt. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Palmer, Mass. 
Charleston, S. C. 
Sherburne, N. Y. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Harrisburg, Pa. 
Luzerne county, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Delaware county, N. Y. 
Milford, Pa. 
Perry Co., Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre. Pa. 
Middlebury, Conn. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Luzerne, Pa. 
Hamilton county, N. Y. 
Jersey Shore, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Susquehanna Co., Pa. 
Yorkshire, England. 
Middletown, Pa. 
Columbia county, Pa. 

Doylestown, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 


July 3, 1757. 
August 9, 1799. 
May 21, 1800. 
February 21, 1767. 

— 1818. 

September 4, 1838. 

March 21, 1798. 
March 15, 1831. 


January 6, 181 7. 
July 8, 1829. 

March 15, 1790. 
July 26, 1796. 
April 5, 1764. 
December 29, 1811. 
December 25, 1827. 
September 22, 1792. 
September 29, 1827. 
December 17, 1798. 

February 18, 1829. 


January 29, 181 7. 
February 27, 1822. 
May 28, 1806. 
November 10, 1831. 
July 14, 1810. 
January 23, 1816. 
February 22, 1790. 

April 6, 1822. 
May 25, 1806. 

1 77 1. 


August 27, 1842. 
October 19, 1793. 
June 3, 1820. 
October 6, 1797. 

January 14, 1778. 
March 23, 1816. 

October 1, 1819. 
March 16, 1827. 
■ January 20, 1808. 
December 20, 1822. 
September 3, 1793. 

February 10, 1817. 
March 7, 1807. 
October 26, 1795. 
September n , 1811. 

March 24, 1830. 
June 29, 1820. 
November 19, 1808. 
July 3, 1842. 
July 6, 1790. 
January 1, 1838. 
July 28, 1811. 
August 19, 1819. 
June 18, 1786. 
May 8,1821. 
March 2, 1829. 

— 1818. 

February 1, 1S29. 
February 6, 1848. 


April 17, 17S4. 


October 25, 1858. 
June 12, 1804. 

September 25, 1846. 


September 4, 1779. 
January 7, 1844. 
August 24, 1821. 
January 13, 1820. 
February 23, 1812. 

January 29, 1825. 
October 7, 1824. 


May 27, 3787. 
August 8, 1820. 
August 8, 1821. 
September 2, 1788. 


May 8, i860. 
March 21, 1872. 
August 8, 1820. 
November 7, 1853. 
August 3, 1846. 
January 4, 1859. 
November 12, 1867. 
August 10, 1852. 
February 20, 1865. 
March 28, 1814. 
January 4, 1819. 
May 27, 1787. 
September 3, 1861. 
April 7, 1857. 
April 8, i8ig. 
August 6, 1849. 
April 3, 1820. 
January 2, 1843. 
January 3, i860. 
April 4, 1838. 
April 6, 1841. 
November 6, 1846. 
November 7, 1828. 
August 13, 1855. 
November 2, 1846. 
August 13, 1840. 
April 7, 1813. 
April 16, 1836. 
December 11, 1880. 
August 8, 1827. 

June 12, 1876. 
January 11, 1822. 
January 3, 1842. 
August 7, 1822. 
January 22, 1862. 



April 6, 1841. 
February 20, i860. 
November 4, 1847. 
January 18, 1858. 
April 3, 1833. 
August 3, 1847. 
November 6, 1843. 
April 4, 1842. 
April 1, 1850. 
January 5, 1841. 
April 6, 1831. 
January 14. 1823. 
August 6, 1833. 
January 2, 1844. 
August 20, i86t. 
January 8, 1850. 
November 5, 1833. 
April 27, 1868. 
April 3, 1815. 
November 12, 1878. 
November 5, 1833. 
November 3, 1840. 
April 25, 1806. 
August 4, 1845. 
August 5, 1850. 
August 4, 1840. 
August 6, 1S55. 
October 21, 1875. 
August 14, 1843. 
August 8, 181 1. 
January 5, 1836. 
June 2, 1884. 
November 11, 1831. 
January 23, 1826. 
June 21, 1871. 
March 1, 1802. 
August 3, 1816. 
September 1, 1864. 
August 3, 1847. 
November 11, 1842. 
April 13, 1839. 
October 31, 1816. 
August 5, 1850. 
April 7, 1846. 


March 1, 1829. 


August 3, 1861. 
May 7, 1838. 
February 3, 1880. 
January 27, 1871. 


October 5, i8so. 
June 16, 1888! 
June 30, 1875. 
July 2, 1888. 
August 7, 1888. 

December 23, 1872. 
I 1842. 

December 21, 1877. 

February 15, 1864. 


May 27, 1881. 

February 23, 1871. 

September 8, 1864. 

February 21, 1862. 

January 8, 1877. 

April 25, 1889. 

February 18, 1886. 

June ig, 1882 

October 19, 1889. 

August 13, 1883. 

June 27, 1867. 
i August 20, 1832. 

September 8, 1884. 
■ June 27, 1878. 
September 21, 1861. 

February 1, 1880. 
I September 26, 1847. 

December 26, i860. 

February 4, 1882. 

May 15. 1862. 

April 26, 1814. 

May 6, i860. 

December 8, 1873. 
1 October 22, 1862. 

August 20, 1872. 

August 8, 1886. 

July 25, 1869. 


January 17, 1865. 


; July 23, 1879. 
February, — 1854. 
February 3, i860. 
June 1, 1883. 

December 6, 1879. 
September 30, 18,4. 
December 25, 1874. 
July 13, 1861. 
August 23, 1884. 
October 8, 1887. 
August 11, 1847. 
September 10, 1871. 
March 26, 1883. 
September 22, 1861. 

April 5, i88r. 
April 27, 1888. 
May 27, 1852. 
July 6, 1866. 


March 12, 1888. 
January 4, 1873. 

September 4, 1886. 


April 22, 1855. 
September 3, 1876. 
December 23, 1864. 
June, — 1877. 
October 22, 1889. 
March 14, 1818. 
I'ebruary 5, 1859. 
November 25, 1847. 

Non Resident Lawyers of Luzerne County. 


Myers, Philip T. 
Myers, William V. 
Nicholson, G. B. 
Nicholson, Horatio W. 
Nicholson, Lyman R. 
Overton, Edward 
Overton, Thomas B. 
Paine, Thomas E. 
Palmer, Nathan 
Parke, Benjamin 
Parker, Jonathan W. 
Pearce, Cromwell 
Peckham, A. K. 
Pettebone, Henry 
Philbin, W. J. 
Pike, Charles 
Post, Isaac J. 
Pratt, W. H. 
Prentice, William 
Randall, David R. 
Rankin, Daniel 
Reynolds, L. D. 
Richards, Ira D 
Robinson, John T. 
Ruth, Ivan T. 
Sanderson, George 
Scott, David 
Scott, George 
Shaver, James B. 
Sherrerd, Samuel 
Silkman, Charles H. 
Simrell, E. W. 
Slocum, J. J. 
Smith, Cyrenus M. 
Smith, George T. 
Stark, Conrad S. 
Stewart, A. C. 
Stout, Asher Miner 
Stout, Charles Miner 
Strulhers, James R. 
Sturdevant, E. W. 
Wadhams, Calvin 
Wadhams, Noah 
Waelder, Jacob 
Waller, C. P. 
Waller, George G. 
Welles, Rosewell 
Wells, C. H. 
Wells, George H. 
Wells, Henry Hill 
Whitlock, Friend A. 
Wilmarth, Wesley S. 
Wilmot, David 
Wilson, Amzi 
Winchester, S. S. 
Woodward, George W. 
Woodward, Warren J. 
Wright, Benjamin D. 
Wright, Harrison 
Wright, Harrison 
Wright, Hendrick B. 
Wright, Joseph 
Wurts, William 
Wurtz, John J. 


Kingston, Pa. 
Kingston, Pa. 
Salem, Pa. 
Salem, Pa. 
Salem, Pa. 
Clilhers, England. 
Manchester, England. 

Plainfield, Conn. 

Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Bristol, R. I. 
Kingston, Pa. 
Luzerne county, Pa. 
Luzerne county, Pa. 
Montrose, Pa. 

Richmond, N. H. 

Plymouth, Pa. 

Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Forestville, Pa. 
Boston, Mass. 
Blandiord, Mass. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Dallas, Pa. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Bedford, N. Y. 
Luzerne county, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 

Waverly, Pa. 
Luzerne county, Pa. 

Bethlehem, Pa. 

Paisley, Scotland. 
Braintrim, Pa. 
Plymouth, Pa. 
Wethersfield, Conn. 
Weisenheim, Germany. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Glastonbury, Conn. 
Dundaff, Pa. 

Sussex county, Delaware. 
Luzerne county, Pa. 
Harford, Pa. 
Bethany, Pa. 
Fittston, Pa. 
Baltimore, Maryland. 
Bethany, Pa. 
Bethany, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Plymouth, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Plymouth, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Monlville, N. J. 
Longwood, N.J. 


May 7, 1839. 
May 31, 1850. 
May 31, 1826. 
December 4, 1817. 
April 12, 1832. 
December 30, 1795. 
May 21, 1791. 

July i, 1823. 
October 15, 1815. 
October 5, 1802. 
January 11, 1854. 
February 1, 1830. 
June 21, 1837. 

August 21, 1818. 

I July 1, 1833. 


December 30, 1814. 
June 18, 1847. 
February 25, 1810. 
April 3, 1782. 
June 30, 1829. 
January 24, 1859. 
April 25, 1819. 
July 24, 1809. 
October 3, 1851. 
Januaiy 27, 1815. 


April 12, 1836. 

September, 1822. 

August 3, 1815. 
June 11, 1806. 
December 14, 1833. 
May 17, 1726. 
May 17, 1820. 
August 7, 1819. 
May 3, 1821. 
August 20, 1 761. 
October 1, 1826. 

February 18, 1797. 
December 30, 1850. 
October 7, 1834. 
January 20, 1814. 
December 17, 1795. 
October, — 1817. 
March 26, 1809. 
September 24, 1819. 
January 23, 1799. 
January 24, 1815. 
July 15, 1850. 
April 24, 1808. 
June 18, 1839. 
November 25, 1809. 
February 2, 1801. 


January 6, 1865. 
February 13, 1872. 
November 10, 1848. 
April 6, 1841. 
April 6, 1855. 
August 5, 1818. 
December 31, 1813. 
April 7, 1830. 



August 8, 1836. 
April 8, 1851. 
August 1, 1842. 
August 3, 1825. 
November 22, 1876. 
April 4, 1853. 
April 30, 1866. 
January 4, 1859. 


November 4, 1847. 
August 7, 1850. 
August 4, i8s6. 
November 26, 1861. 
April 4, 1838. 
October 28, 1872. 
September 14, 1857. 
January 3, 1809. 
January 10, 1854. 
June 21, 18S6. 
April 4, 1853. 
January 1, 1838. 
June 4, 1874. 
August 12, 1837. 
August 6, 1839. 
April 3, 1867. 
I November 30, 1864. 
! August 8, 1812. 
August 4, 1845. 
1 April 7, 1851. 

August 6, 1844. 

April 3, 1832. 

April 6, 1857. 


August 4, 1845. 

August 7, 1843. 

April 7, 1846. 

May 27, 1887 

August 30, i860. 

January 6, 1840. 

August 4, 1835. 

April 3, 1877. 

October 16, 1871. 

August 5, 1834. 

November 7, 1840. 

November 6, 1843. 

August 3, 1830. 

August 1, 1842. 

April 7, 1820. 

November 6, 1838. 

September 14, 1874. 

November 8, 1831. 

January 2, i860. 

August 6, 1832. 

August 2, 1831. 


February 13, 1878. 
September 24, 1874. 
February 12, 1873. 
June 16, 1855. 
July 13, 1863. 
October 17, 1878. 



June 16, 1872. 
March 22, 1865. 
May 5,1851. 
August 29, 1882. 
September 12, 1882. 
July 10, 1885. 

October 6, 1806. 
August 31, 1875. 

I July 25, 1858. 

February 9, 1874. 

August 28, 1848. 

November 19, 1878. 

April 1, 1876. 
j December 29, 1839. 
I September 26, 1S61 . 
! April 1, 3887. 

June 21, 1884. 

March 8, 1877. 

February 27, i860. 

September 4, 1871. 
March 26, 1880. 


April—, i860. 

May 8, 1885. 
October 30, 1882. 
July 20, 1883. 
May 22, 1806 
August 28, 1887 

December 4, 1888. 
March 19, 1830. 
March 24, 1888. 

November 24, 1880. 
May 8, 1S75. 
March 16, 1868. 
May 27, 1872. 
June 26, 1881. 
May 10. 1875. 
September 23, 1879. 
April 28, i87~5. 
August 25, 1856. 
February 20, 1885. 
September 2, 1881. 
May 18, 1862. _ 
July 15, 1858,**" 
November/f, i8*r6V : 


Alexander, J. M. 
Amerman, Lemuel 
Archbald, R. W. 
Atherton, Thomas M. 
Babb, E. B. 
Bailey, A. M. 
Bangs, A. W. 
Barnes, Frank V. 
Baumann, Anthony 
Bentley, George F. 
Brace, Burrell 
Breck, Charles du Pont 
Bunnell, Lewis M. 
Burnham, Horace B. 
Burns, Ira H. 
Burr, James E. 
Burrows. Francis E. 


Cortland county, N. Y. 

Danville, Pa. 

Carbondale, Pa. 
I Forty Fort, Pa. 

Pittston, Pa. 

West Abington, Pa. 

Bethany, Pa. 

Athens, Pa. 

Baden, Germany. 

Montrose, Pa. 

Wyoming, Pa. 

Wilmington, Delaware. 

Susquehanna Co., Pa. 
: Spencertown, N. Y. 

Clifford, Pa. 

Carbondale, Pa. 
1 Bradford Co., Pa. 


October 29. 1846 

September 10, 1848. 

April 12, 1829. 
j December, — 1819. 
j September 16, 1837. 

July 26, 1834. 

June 14, 1848. 

June 2, 1844. 

April 4, 1850. 

i May 18, 1840. 

I December 8, 1835. 

September 10, 1824. 

July 19, 1842. 

July 8, 1853. 
[ October 6, 1842. 


August 4, 1846. 
December 24, 1875. 
September 17, 1873. 
February 28, 1859. 
April 5, 1843. 
February 25, 1862. 
August 31, 1858. 
January 21, 1874. 
May 12, 1880. 
April 17, 1876. 
August 20, 1863. 
August 18, 1861. 
August 24, 1869. 
I August 12, 1844. 
January 21, 1868. 
May 20, 1877 
September 5, 1871. 


Mount Dora, Florida. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Osage, Iowa. 
North Vernon, Indiana. 
Orange City, Florida. 
Grand Forks. Dakota. 
Bismarck, Dakota. 
Scranton, Pa. 
New York. 
Keelersburg, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Richmond, Va. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Carbondale, Pa. 
Stevensville, Pa. 


Non Resident Lawyers of Luzerne County. 


Butler, George D. 
Byrne, M. J. 
Chase, A. A. 
Cohen, George E. 
Collins, Francis D. 
Collings, John B. 
Connelly, D. W. 
Connelly, John F. 
Cooley, D. C. 
Coston, H. H. 
Courtright, John S. 
Dean, Arthur D. 
De Witt, George B. 
Dickinson, Wharton 
Dimmick, E. C. 
Durand, Silas H. 
Edwards, Henry M. 
Ellis, Howard 
Espy, John 
Fitzsimmons, F. J. 
Foley, Thomas J. 
Foster, Thomas L. 
Frisbie, Hanson Z. 
Fuller, Frederick 
Gabriel, C. V. 
Gearhart, W. H. 
Gorman, John A. 
Gritman, Philo C. 
Gunster, F. W. 
Hand, Alfred 
Handley, John 
Hannah, Daniel 
Hannah, H. M. 
Harding, Henry 
Harrington, D. C. 
Hawley, Charles L. 
Heery, Michael 
Hill, John Nevin 
Hitchcock, F. L. 
Horn, George S. 
Hotchkiss, A. B. 
Hottenstein, A. S. 
Hoyt, A. G. 
Hoyt, H. M. 
Hoyt, H. M. 
Hull, Harry T. 
Hughes, Thomas R. 
Jones, Harvey J. 
Jones, John R. 
Jones, Lewis 
Jones. M. L. 
Jones, W. G. 
Kahler, O. C. 
Kauffman, P. C. 
Kinsey, L. C. 
Knapp, H. A. 
Lamb, Charles L. 
Lamberton, Charles L. 
Lathrop, Charles E. 
Lathrop, Wilbur F. 
Lathrope, W. W. 
Leach, Harold 
Leisenring, J. S. 
Lewis, William 
Linderman, R. H. 
Little, Ephraim H. 
Loomis, F. E. 
Lusk, W. D. 
Mahon, James 
Mahon, Peter A. 
Mapledoram, E. C. 
Maxwell, James L. 
McCoy, Edward I. 
McDivitt, S. P. 
McDormott, S. F. 
Merrifield, Edward 
Miner, William B. 
Mitchell, Ira C. 
Morse, E. K. 
Murray, Thomas S. 
Myers, George P. 
Myers, Philip 
Nesbitt, Thomas 
Nichols, F. H. 
O'Flaherty, John 
O'Hanlon, P. J. 
Orr, George M. 
Orr, Nathaniel M. 


Luzerne county, Pa. 
Pittston, Pa. 
Saugerties, N. Y. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Cochecton, N. Y. 
Scranton, Pa. 
New York. 
Honesdale, Pa. 
Plainsville, Pa. 
Abington, Pa. 
Exeter, Pa. 

Milford, Pa. 
Herrick, Pa. 
Monmouthshire, Eng. 
Elkton, Md. 
Luzerne county, Pa. 
Carbondale, Pa. 

Bloomsburg, Pa. 
Orwell, Pa. 
Montrose, Pa. 
Plymouth, Pa. 
Northumberland Co., Pa. 
Hazleton, Pa. 
Sherburne, N. Y. 
Lockweiler, Prussia. 
Honesdale, Pa. 

Harford, Pa. 
Harford, Pa. 
Eaton, Pa. 
Jewett, N. Y. 
Montrose, Pa. 
Longford Co., Ireland. 
Selinsgrove, Pa. 
Waterbury, Conn. 
Scrantonia, Pa. 
Harford, Pa. 
Montour county, Pa. 
Kingston, Pa. 
Kingston, Pa. 
Kingston, Pa. 
Clifford, Pa. 
Bethesda, Wales. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Archbald, Pa. 
Exeter, Pa. 
Carbondale, Pa. 
Carbondale, Pa. 
Bloomsburg, Pa. 
Mechanicsburg, Pa. 
Beach Haven, Pa. 
Barker, N. Y. 
Le Roy, Pa. 
Carlisle, Pa. 
Bloomingburg, N. Y. 
Hillsdale, Mich. 
Carbondale, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Selinsgrove, Pa. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
New York. 
Harford, Pa. 
Great Bend, Pa. 
Carbondale, Pa. 
Pottsville, Pa. 
Monticello, N. Y 
Northampton, N. Y. 
Huntingdon, Pa. 
Alexandria, Pa. 
Espy, Pa. 
Wyoming, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Howard, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
New Hope, Pa. 
Kingston, Pa. 
Kingston, Pa. 

Dallas, Pa. 
Dallas, Pa. 


March 28, 1839. 
July 24, 1862. 
March 5, 1844. 
December 17, 1846. 
April 24, 1847. 
April 27, 1853. 

June 9, 1849. 
July 21, 1855. 
January 29, 1849. 
October 1, 1845. 
September 9, 1849. 
February 2, 1844. 
January 5, 1833. 
February 12, 1844. 
July 6, 1834. 
September 21, 1842. 
September 29, 1852. 

August 30, 1823. 
June 8, 1819. 
March 13, 1837. 
January 1, 1859. 
December 8, 1839. 
September 7, 1854. 
October 29, 1828. 
September 15, 1845. 
March 26, 1835. 
January 7, 1835. 
January 21, 1838. 
September 13, 1842. 
November 4, 1848. 
December 8, 1834. 
December 8, 1855. 

September 3, 1855. 
April 18, 1837. 
April 27, 1849. 
June 20, 1839. 
May 27, 1840. 
January 25, 1847. 
June 8, 1830. 
November 8, 1861. 
May 24, 1847. 

October 15, 1847. 
May 27, 1856. 
August 28, 1807. 
April 30, 1840 
October, — 1837. 
February 20, 1825. 
August 13, 1857. 
June 30, 1844. 
July 24, 1851. 
May 18, 1850. 
January 4, 1829. 
March 5, 1827. 
April 13, 1849. 
October 9, 1840. 
September 1, 1856. 
April 2, 1847. 
March 6, 1801. 
September, — 1858. 
March 23, 1823. 
February 7, 1834. 
February 1, 1833. 
March 17, 1837. 

January 10, 1847. 
August 5, 1848. 
December 24, 1842. 
July 30, 1832. 
July 20, 1854. 
April 16, 1833. 
March 16, 1843. 
February 2, 1819. 
February 5, 1846. 
November 28, 1830. 

June 13, 1856. 
December 12, 1851. 


November 9, 1869. 

December 5, 1866. 

August 20, 1862. 

December 11, 1886. 

December 24, 1866. 

March 2, 1870. 

May 10, 1870. 

June 4, 1874. 

October 24, T864. 

October 4, 1875. 

January n, 1876. 

January 4. 1875. 

April 14, 1873. 

April 24, 1877. 

September 17, 1875. 

November 20, i860. 

October 18, 1871. 

August 15, 1864. 

April 20, 1868. 

March 19, 1878. 

April 14, 1873. 

November 4, 1844. 

August 5, 1850. 

November 13, 1860. 

June 2, 1886. 

April 7, 1869. 

January 10, 1876. 

November 10, 1848. 

November 10, 1868. 

May 8, i860. 

August 21, i860. 

February 21, 1867. 

February 24, 1870. 

June 12, 1876. 

May 7, i860. 

June 13, 1S77. 

August 16, 1869. 

December 13, 1878. 

May 16, i860. 

April 3, 1872. 

August 18, 1862. 

September 12, 1871. 

March 2, 1870. 

April 4, 1853. 

September 7, 1885. 

April 24, 1869. 

January 9, 1878. 

June 8, 1872. 

September 23, 1879. 

August 5, 1834. 

November 15, 1869. 

April 10, 1861. 

November 11, 1872. 

February 26, 1885. 

April 10, 1876. 

February 23, 1875. 

September 21, 1874. 

November 20, 1865. 

January 12, 1857. 

March 18, 1875. 

August 8, 1864. 

September 28, 1877. 

April 11, 1872. 

January 5, 1825. 

December 5, 1884. 

April 7, 1851. 

February 20, 1867. 

September 28 1871. 

January 6, 1865. 

April 22, 1874. 

September 11, 1875. 

November 4, 1844. 

April 10, 1876. 

November 21, 1876. 

April 4, 1867. 

August 6, 1855. 

January 11, 1881. 

August 7, 1862. 

May 2, 1864. 

November 7, 1842. 

April 25, 1870. 

August 8, 1855. 
] April 4, 1870. 

December 12, 1881. 
' September 6, 1875. 
I lune 4, 1874. 

June 6, 1887. 

September 23, 1875. 


Scranton, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Dunmore, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
St. Paul, Minn. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Montrose, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Tunkhannock, Pa. 

Scranton, Pa. 
Southampton, Pa. 
i Scranton, Pa. 
Ridgewood, N. J. 
St. Paul, Minn. 
Scranton, Pa. 

Mauch Chunk, Pa. 
Grantville, Kan. 
Scranton, Pa. 
New York.. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Washington, D. C. 
Carbondale, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
New Milford, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Tunkhannock, Pa. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Topeka, Kan. 
Sunbury, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Los Angeles, Cal. 
Milton, Pa. 
New York. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Spokane Falls, Wash. 
Humboldt, Neb. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Gunnison, Col. 
Olyphant, Pa. 
New York. 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 
New York. 
Bloomsburg, Pa. 
Vancouver, Wash. 
Montgomery Station, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Minneapolis, Minn. 
New York. 
Carbondale, Pa. 
Carbondale, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
San Francisco, Cal. 
Altoona, Pa. 
Brooklyn, 111. 
Stroudsburg, Pa. 
Bloomsburg, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Montrose, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Shamokin, Pa. 
Kansas City, Mo. 
Danville, Pa. 
Tipton, Iowa. 
Chicago, 111. 
Coffeyville, Kan. 
Scranton, Pa 
Lancaster, Wis. 
Wellsburg, W. Va. 
Dundaff, Pa. 
Trenton, N. J. 
Williamsport, Pa. 
Chicago, 111. 

Denver, Col. 
Kane, Pa. 
Kane, Pa. 

Living Judges of Luzerne County. 


Paine, William Lewis 
Painter, E. H. 
Parsons, Lewis E. 
Patrick, H. N. 
Patton, Henry D. 
Peckham, D. L. 
Perkins, George 
Peters, W. A. 
Phoenix, C. M. 
Pitcher, Charles R. 
Plumb, G. H. R. 
Price, Samuel B. 
Pursel, B. F. 
Ranck, John McG. 
Rank, D. W. 
Regan, J. D. 
Regan, Michael 
Rhodes, John B. 
Rhodes, Joseph C. 
Rhone, Samuel M. 
Robinson, William C. 
Royce,C. E. K. 
Sanderson, George 
Scanlan, John J. 
Smith, Andrew J. 
Smith, Cornelius 
Snyder, Jacob B. 
Spratt, O. W. 
Squier, George H. 
Stanton, William H. 
Staples, Charles B. 
Stephens, Marlin B. 
Stewart, Franklin 
Stiles, Milton 
Stoutenburg, J. E. 
Sturges, E. B. 
Thorp, Moses M. 
Todd, Charles W. 
Torrey, James H. 
Ulman, J. E. 
Unger, David 
Van Fleet, Charles G. 
Vickery, L. D. 
Wadhams, S. F. 
Ward, W. G. 
Ward, Z. M. 
Weitzel, Paul R. 
Wells, T. F. 
Welles, C. H. 
Welter. Joshua L. 
Wheeler, O. H. 
Wilcox, W. A. 
Willard, E. N. 
Wilson, Henry 
Wilson, Milo J. 
Winton, A. H. 
Woodward, George A. 
Wright, Caleb E. 


Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Freeport, Pa. 
Lisle, N. Y. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Fayette county, Pa. 


March 23, 1851. 
February 22, 1843. 
April, — i8r7. 
September 26, 1853. 
July 28, 1845. 

Susquehanna county, Pa. May 8, 1820. 

Wyoming county, Pa. 
Waterloo, N. Y. 
Honesdale, Pa. 
Branchville, N. J. 

Union county, Pa. 
Union county, Pa. 
Canaan, Pa. 
Canaan, Pa. 

Mifflinburg, Pa. 
Luzerne county, Pa. 
Norwich, Conn. 
Lebanon Springs, N. Y. 
Towanda, Pa. 
Inver, Ireland. 
Waverly, Pa. 
County Cavan, Ireland. 
Luzerne county, Pa. 
Towanda, Pa. 
Nicholson, Pa. 
New York. 
Stroudsburg, Pa. 
Dilltown, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Hobbie, Pa. 
Chester, N. J. 
Greenfield Hill, Conn. 
Canaan, Pa. 
Sterling, Pa. 
Delhi, N. Y. 
Rehrersburg, Pa. 

Luzerne county, Pa. 

Plymouth, Pa. 
Dover Plains, N. Y. 
Tunkhannock, Pa. 
Sunburv, Pa. 
Dundaff, Pa. 
Dundaff, Pa. 
Avoca, Pa. 
Galway, N. V. 
Olean, N. Y. 
Madison, Conn. 
Susquehanna county, Pa. 
Factoryville, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Plymouth, Pa. 

August 28, 1854. 
April 21, 1850. 
June 12, 18S4. 
April 29, 1847. 

April 19, 1831. 
February 16, 1835. 
May 4, 1835. 

October 2, 1818. 
September 25, 1851. 
July 26, 1834. 
January 13, 1837. 
August 22, 1847. 
October 24, 1845. 
December 15, 1837. 
October 25, 1838. 
July 7, 1824. 
April 22, 1841. 
October 8, 1836. 
July,— 1843. 
November 24, 1853. 
May 10, i860. 
November 14, 1822. 
February 3, 1849. 
December 14, 1845. 
February 15, 1845. 
March 6, 1848. 
July 22, 1832. 
June 16, 1851. 
January 25, 1828. 

■ June 3, 1847. 

May 21, 1854. 
October 7, 1823. 
February 17, 1837. 
[ September 13, 1832. 
September 17, 1853. 
April 16, 1845. 
February 23, 1858. 
August 20, 1818. 
July 25, 1857. 
April 2, 1835. 
October 7, 1834. 
January 31, 1838. 
November 17, 1838. 
February 14, 1835. 
February 4, 1S10. 


April 6, 1874. 
February 24, 1869. 
August 6, 1839. 
September 3, 1878. 
January 5, 1887. 
August 4, 1851. 
April 1, 1850. 
November 20, 1882. 
November 27, 1880. 
February 23, 1875. 
January 18, 1881. 
April 23, 1873. 
February 20, i860. 
February 26, 1868. 
February 19, 1872. 
August 19, 1867. 
November 12, 1S66. 
August 31, 1864. 
April 8, 1844. 
November 20, 1876. 
November 9, 1863. 
January 23, i860. 
November 19, 1870. 
September 20, 1873. 
January 2, i860. 
August 16, 1869. 
August 24, 1863. 
October 30, 1867. 
September 16, 1872. 
November 10, 1868. 
Jnne 11, 1884. 
May 16, 1887. 
August 3, 1847. 
September 22, 1874. 
November 24, 1869. 
August 19, 1869. 
April n, 1873. 
April 14, i860. 
November 20, 1876. 
August 29, 1865. 
November 16, 1S71. 
November 10, 1868. 
December 23, 1869. 
May 28, 1877. 
November 10, 1851. 
August 17, 1863. 
August 17, 1858 
October 4, 1875. 
March 2, 1867. 
June 6, 1885 
August 3, 1841. 
June r8, 1883. 
November 17, 18 = 7. 
August 19, 1859. 
April 9, 1868. 
August 22, i860. 
August 26, 1859. 
Augnst 9, 1833. 


New York. 
Turbotville, Pa. 
Talladega, Ala. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Lancaster, Pa. 
Mill City, Pa. 
Fond du Lac, Wis. 
Seattle, Wash. 

Scranton, Pa 
Minneapolis, Minn. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Kansas City, Mo. 
Light Street, Pa. 
Limestoneville, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 

Houtzdale, Pa. 
Montgomery Station, Pa. 
New Haven, Conn. 
San Francisco, Cal. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Patterson, N.J. 
Waverly, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Carbondale, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Stroudsburg, Pa. 
Johnstown, Pa. 
Berwick, Pa. 
Conway Springs, Kan. 
Passaic, N.J. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Way marl, Pa. 
Carley Brook, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 

Danville, Pa. 
Troy, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Duluth, Minn. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Patterson, N. J. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Williamsport, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Honesdaie, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Washington, D. C. 
Doylestown, Pa. 



Harding, Garrick M. 
Rice, Charles E. 


Exeter, Pa. 
Fairfield, N. Y 


July 12, 1827. 
September 15, 1846. 


July 12, 1870. 
January 5, 1880. 

Resigned Jan. 1, 1880. 

Rhone, Daniel L. 

Hoyt, Henry M. 
Handley, John 
Stanton, William H. 
Woodward, Stanley 

Bristol, Silvester 
Morss, Daniel K. 

Cambra, Pa. | January 19, 1838. | January 4, 1875 


Kingston, Pa. 

New York. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 

Washington, N. Y. 
Windham, N. Y. 

I June 8, 1830. 
- ] January 7, 1835. 
1 July— 1843. 
I August 29, 1833. 


July 12, 18 13. 
January 27, 1821. 

July 5, 1S67. 
January 4, 1875. 
January 7, 1878. 
January 9, 1880. 

December 3, 1851. 
December 4, 1S71. 

Commission expired. 
Commission expired. 
Resigned Feb. 25, 1879. 

Commission expired. 
Commission expired. 


Resident Attorneys of Luzerne County. 


A. T. McClintock, 
Edward I. Turner, 
William P. Miner, 
L. D. Shoemaker, 
Samuel McCarragher, 
Wesley Johnson, 
Steuben Jenkins, 
David S. Koon, 
F. J. Leavenworth, 
George Loveland, 
Asa K. Brundage, 
Francis L Butler, 

C. I. A. Chapman, 

D. L Patrick, 
Garrick M. Harding, 
Alexander Farnham, 
Stanley Woodward, 
Agib Ricketts, 
John Richards, 
Jerome G. Miller, 
O. F. Nicholson, 

E. H. Chase, 

R. C. Shoemaker, 
Alfred Darte, 
H. B. Plumb, 
Harry Hakes, 
Geo. B. Kulp, 
T. H. B. Lewis, 
Gustav Hahn, 
E. S. Osborne, 
D. L. Rhone, 
Charles D. Foster, 
Henry W. Palmer, 
Charles M. Conynyham, 
George R. Bedford, 
Hubbard B. Payne, 
William M. Shoemaker, 
D. L. O'Neill, 
Clarence P. Kidder, 
George Shoemaker, 
John Lynch, 
Charles L. Bulkeley, 
Thomas J. Chase, 

D. J. M. Loop, 
William S. McLean, 
Andrew Hunlock, 
U. M. Jones, 
Elliott P. Eisner, 
Isaac P. Hand, 
Edmund G. Butler, 
Burton Downing, 
Charles E. Rice, 
Benjamin F. Dorrance, 
L. W. DeWitt, 
George K. Powell, 
Sheldon Reynolds, 
George S. Ferris, 

E. G. Scott, 
Gaius L. Halsey, 
Ernest Jackson, 
Lyman H. Bennett, 
Malcom E. Walker, 
Michael Cannon, 
John A. Opp. 
John T. L. Sahm, 
William H. McCartney, 
Barnet M. Espy, 
William P. Ryman, 
John T. Lenahan, 
Francis M. Nichols, 
Emory Robinson, 
Quincy A. Gates, 
tranklin C. Mosier, 

J. Vaughan Darling, 
Allan H. Dickson, 
Joseph D. Coons, 
P. H. Campbell, 
George H. Troutman, 
Lewis B. Landmesser, 
Seligman J. Strauss, 
G. Mortimer Lewis, 


Northumberland, Pa. 
Plymouth, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Kingston, Pa. 
Princeton, N. J. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Wyoming, Pa. 
Dutchess county, N. Y. 
Delaware City, Del. 
Kingston, Pa. 
Conyngham, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Farmers Mills, N. Y. 
Exeter, Pa. 
Carbondale, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Rohrsburg, Pa. 
Woodstock, Vt. 
Luzerne county, Pa. 
Wayne county, Pa. 
Haverhill, Mass. 
B'orty Fort, Pa. 
Dundaff, Pa. 
Luzerne county, Pa. 
Harpersfield, N. Y. 
Reamstown, Pa. 
Trucksville, Pa. 
Stuttgart, Germany. 
Bethany, Pa. 
Cambra, Pa. 
Luzerne county, Pa. 
Susquehanna county, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Waverly, Pa. 
Kingston, Pa. 
Forty Fort, Pa. 
Port Deposit, Md. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Forty Fort, Pa. 
Providence, R. I. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Luzerne county, Pa. 
Elmira, N. Y. 
Summit Hill, Pa. 
Kingston, Pa. 
New York. 
Hazleton, Pa. 
Berwick, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Luzerne county, Pa. 
Fairfield, N. Y. 
Forty Fort, Pa. 
Exeter, Pa. 
Penn Yan, N. Y. 
Kingston, Pa. 
Pittston, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Nesquehoning, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Harpersfield, N. Y. 
Waverly, Pa. 
Innisskeel, Ireland. 
Muncy, Pa. 
Greencastle, Pa. 
Boston, Mass. 
Nanticoke, Pa. 
Dallas, Pa. 
Port Griffith, Pa. 
Smithfield, Pa. 
Lenoxvillt, Pa. 
Wayne county, Pa. 
Hughestown, Pa. 
Reading, Pa. 
Utica, N. Y. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Ashley, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Merryall, Pa. 


February 2, 1810. 
May 27, 1816. 
September 8, 1816. 
November 5, 1819. 
November 10, 1818. 
December 20, 1819. 
September 28, 1819. 
September 9, 1818. 
January 24, 1827. 
November 5, 1823. 
March 22, 1828. 
September 15, 1827. 
October 9, 1826. 
January 8, 1826. 
July 12, 1827. 
January 12, 1834. 
August 29, 1833. 
October 12, 1834. 
August 16, 1830. 
February 27. 1835. 
October 9, 1834. 
February 28, 183s. 
April 4, 1836. 
April 28, 1836. 
November 13, 1829. 
June 10, 1825. 
February n, 1839. 
February 22, 1835. 
October 23, 1830. 
August 7, 1839. 
January 19, 1838. 
November 25, 1836. 
July 10, 1839. 
July 6, 1840. 
November 22, 1840. 
July 20, 1839. 
June 20, j 840. 
December 10, 1835. 
May 10, 1839. 
June 28, 1844. 
November 1, 1843. 
January 15, 1843. 
May 26, 1844. 
February 11, 1823. 
May 27, 1842. 
May 1, 1839. 
September 2, 1843. 
August 1, 1845. 
April 5, 1843. 
June 11, 1845. 
November 14, 1845. 
September 15, 1846. 
August 14, 1846. 
December 3, 1845. 
June 10, 1845. 
February 22, 1845. 
April 28, 1849. 
June 15, 1836. 
July 12, 1845. 
August 6, 1848. 
February 20, 1845. 
April 8, 1847. 
March 22, 1844. 
July 15, 1847. 
September 6, 1843. 
July 11, 1834. 
May 16, 1846. 
August 23, 1847. 
November 15, 1852. 
May 23, 1851. 
July 6, 1849. 
December 19, 1847. 
October 8, 1846. 
July 24, 1844. 
November 14, 1851. 
June 14, 1852. 
November 24, 1845. 
January 18, 1842. 
March 5, 1850. 
August 19, 1852. 
November 23, 1848. 


August 8, 1836. 
November 5, 1839. 
August 3, 1841. 
August 1, 1842. 
November 7, 1842. 
April — 1846. 
August 3, 1847. 
January 5, 1848 
January 10, 1848. 
August 19, 1848. 
April 2, 1849. 
April 6, 1849. 
January 8, 1850. 
August 5, 1850. 
August 5, 1850. 
January 13, 1855. 
August 4, 1856. 
January 6, 1857. 
April 5, 1858. 
April 24, 1858. 
April 24, 1858. 
January 4, 1859. 
April 4, 1859. 
May 12, 1859. 
November 21, 1859. 
January 25, i860. 
August 20, i860. 
August 22, i860. 
February 18, 1861. 
February 26, 1861. 
April 1, 1 86 1. 
April 23, 1861. 
August 24, 1861. 
August 18, 1862. 
November 10, 1862. 
August 20, 1863. 
September 3, 1863. 
April 4, 1864. 
April 4, 1864. 
January 6, 1865. 
November 20, 1865. 
January 8, 1866. 
November 12, 1866. 
December 1, 1866. 
August 19, 1867. 
November 10, 1868. 
February 27, 1869. 
August 16, 1869. 
November is, 1869. 
November 17, 1869. 
November 19, 1869. 
February 21, 1870. 
August 20, 1870. 
December 17, 1870. 
June 12, 1871. 
October 16, 1871. 
February 19, 1872. 
September 9, 1872. 
September 9, 1872. 
September 9, 1872. 
December 4, 1872. 
January 6, 1873. 
January 25, 1873. 
February 24, 1873. 
April 23, 1873. 
September 12, 1873. 
September 20, 1873. 
September 20, 1873. 
October 27, 1873. 
October 28, 1873. 
January 5, 1874. 
January 22, 1874. 
February 26, 1874. 
June 4, 1874. 
September 14, 1874. 
September 14, 1874. 
September 14, 1874. 
September 16, 1874. 
April 5, 1875. 
September 6, 1875. 
September 6, 1875. 

Resident Attorneys of Luzerne County. 

r 399 

George R. Wright, 
Edward A. Lynch, 
Charles H. Sturdevant, 
Frank C. Sturges, 
John B. Reynolds, 
A. H. McClintock, 
Charles W. McAlarney, 
John McGahren, 
Nathaniel Taylor, 
Thomas R. Martin, 
Oscar J. Harvey, 
Thomas H. Atherton, 
George W. Shonk, 
H. A. Fuller, 
Clarence W. Kline, 
E. W. Sturdevant, 
Bernard McManus, 
R. H. Wright, 
P. V. Weaver, 

A. F. Derr, 
James L. Lenahan, 
Frank W. Wheaton, 
Emmett D. Nichols, 
Edwin Shortz, 
Jasper B. Stark, 
Martin F. Burke, 
William J. Hughes, 
Edward E. Hoyt, 
Robert D. Evans, 
William R. Gibbons, 
William L. Raeder, 
Ceorge H. Butler, 
W. H. Hines, 
John D. Hayes, 

A E. Chapin, 
Henry W. Dunning, 
Geoige H. Fisher, 
James N. Anderson, 
William C. Price, 
Dennis O. Coughlin, 
Joseph Moore, 
John S. Harding, 
Cecil R. Banks, 
Cormac F. Bohan, 

B. F. McAtee, 
Harry Halsey, 
Tuthill R. Hiilard, 
Samuel M. Parke, 
Peter A. O'Boyle, 
Daniel A. Fell, 
John B. Woodward, 
Lord B. Hiilard, 
Henry H. Welles, 
Moses W. Wadhams, 
Anthony L. Williams, 
John M. Garman, 
Liddon Flick, 
lleorge D. Hedian, 
John Q. Creveling, 
Peter A. Meixell, 
Charles E. Keck, 
Anthony C. Campbell, 
'I nomas C. Umsted, 
James R. Scouton, 
James M. Fritz, 
George P. Loomis, 
Edward F. McGovern, 
George Urquhart, 
John F. Everhart, 
Frank W. Larned, 
Dairyl L. Creveling, 
Alexander Ricketts, 
George B. Hillman, 
Oeorge W.'Moon, 
W.J. Trembath, 
William I. Hibbs, 
J.imes L Morris, 
Thomas Darling, 


Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Nesquehoning, Pa. 
Bellefonte, Pa. 
Greenfield Hill, Conn. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Mifflinburg, Pa. 
Ellicottville, N. Y. 
Danville, Pa. 
Hagerstown, Md. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Wyoming, Pa. 
Plymouth, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre. Pa. 
Jerseytown, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Beaver Meadow, Pa. 
Perry county, Pa. 
Luzerne county, Pa. 
Klines Grove, Pa. 
Plymouth, Pa. 
Binghamton, N. Y. 
Ulster, Pa. 
Mauch Chunk, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Pittston, Pa. 
Pittston, Pa. 
Kingston, Pa. 
Lewisburg, Pa. 
Baltimore, Md. 
Gardner's Ferry, Pa. 
Forty Fort, Pa. 
Brooklyn, N. Y. 
Limerick, Ireland. 
New Columbus, Pa. 
Franklin, N. Y. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Pittston, Pa. 
St. Clair, Pa. 
Luzerne county. Pa. 
Castle Eden, England. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Hollidaysburg, Pa. 
Pittston, Pa. 
Clear Spring, Md. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Pittston, Pa. 
Killfine, Ireland. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Kingston, Pa. 
Plymouth, Pa. 
Ebervale, Pa. 
Thompsontown, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Columbia county, Pa. 
Luzerne county, Pa. 
White Haven, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Faggs Manor, Pa. 
Elwell, Pa. 
Orangeville, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Darlington, England. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Pittston, Pa. 
Luzerne county, Pa. 
Columbia county, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Scranton, Pa. 
Ballarat, Australia. 
Thompsontown, Pa. 
Pittston, Pa. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 


November 21, 1851. 
August 15, 1S53. 
May 18, 1848. 
March 12, 1854. 
August 5, 1850. 
December 12, 1852. 
December 20, 1847. 
March 8, 1852. 
January 28, 1848. 
May 26, 1849. 
September 2, 1851. 
July 14, 1853. 
April 26, 1850. 
January 15, 1855. 
October 25, 1851. 
November 12, 1854. 
July 23, 1846. 
December 4, 1841. 
March n, 1855. 
May 29, 1853. 
November 5, 1856. 
August 27, 1855. 
July 8, 1855. 
July 10, 1841. 
February 17, 1858. 
February 8, 1855. 
December 30, 1857. 
January 22, 1859. 
August 17, 1856. 
September 18, 1857. 
November 27, 1854. 
September 2, 1857. 
March 15, 1854. 
April 4, 1853. 
August 7, 1853. 
September n, 1858. 
October 13, i860. 
January 7, 1856. 
March 2, 1858. 
July 9, 1852. 
July 3, 1851. 
August 29, 1859. 
November 3, 1849. 
December 14, 1862. 
December 28. 1843. 
October 16, i860. 
December 12, i860. 
May 4, 1859. 
November 10, 1861. 
November 23, 1858. 
April 3, 1861. 
Decembers, '86t. 
January 21, 1861. 
August 2, 1858. 
October 10, 1862. 
September 1, 1851. 
October 28, 1859. 
December 8, 1856. 
June 6, 1861. 
August 16, 1857 
September 2, 1861. 
June 7, 1862. 
October 10, 1862. 
September 26, 1858. 
March 10, 1857. 
May 1, 1859. 
September 10, i860. 
December 31, 1861. 
June 18, 1859. 
May 30, 1859. 
October 7, 1859. 
October 29, 1866. 
May 21, 1867. 
July 4, i860. 
December 16, 1859. 
June 3, 1851. 
May 12, i860. 
May 29, 1863. 


September 6, 1875. 
September 11, 1875. 
October 4, 1875. 
October 18, 1875. 
November 15, 1875. 
January 20, 1876. 
February 7, 1876. 
February 14, 1876. 
April 5, 1876. 
April 10, 1876. 
May 16, 1876. 
September 29, 1876. 
September 29, 1876. 
January 9, 1877. 
January 10, 1877. 
June 11, 1877. 
November 19, 1877. 
March 22, 1878. 
September 23, 1878. 
December 2, 1878. 
January 28, 1879. 
September 2, 1879. 
September 16, 1879. 
March 29, 1880. 
April 26, 1880. 
May 10, 1880. 
June 7, 1880. 
September 17, 1880. 
November 15, 1880. 
April 4, 1881. 
June 6, 1881. 
June 6, 1881. 
June 6, 1881. 
June 11, 1881. 
October 19, i88r. 
June s, 1882. 
June 5, 1882. 
June s, 1882. 
October 14, 1882. 
November 20, 1882. 
November 20, 1882. 
November 21, 1882. 
January 10, 1883. 
March 15, 1884. 
September 3, 1884. 
November 28, 1884. 
June 6, 1885. 
June 9, 1885. 
July 27, 1885. 
July 27, 1885. 
September 7, 1885. 
September 7, 1885. 
October 10, 1885. 
October 10, 1885. 
October 12, 1885. 
January 29, 1886. 
June 2, 1886. 
June 4, 1886. 
June 19, 1886. 
September 20, 1886. 
October 18, 1886. 
October 18, 1886. 
December 4, 1886. 
January 6, 1887. 
January 29, 1887. 
January 31, 1887. 
June 6, 1887. 
June 27, 1887. 
November 15, 1887. 
May 2i, 1888. 
June 18, 1888. 
September 28, 1888. 
December 10, 1888. 
December 10, 1888. 
December 10, 1888. 
March 11, 1889. 
April 22, 1889. 
April 22, 1889. 


Hand, Alfred 


I Honesdale, Pa. | March 26, 1835. | March 4, 1879. 

I Commission expired. 




Biographical sketches of the following 7iamcd persons are con- 

tained in this volume : 

Alexander, John Marion 

Allen, John J 

Alsover, Jabez .... 

Barnum, Charles Treadway 
Beaumont, William Henry . 
Bedford, James Sutton . . . 
Bennet, Daniel Strebeigh 

Ben net, Charles. 

Bennett, Ziba 

Bidlack, Benjamin Alden . . 
Blackman, Miner S . . . . 
Bowman, Caleb Franklin . . 
Bowman, Ebenezer . . . . 
Bowman, James Watson . . 

Bowman, Samuel 

Bradley, Abraham . . . . 

Brisbin, John 

Brundage, Chester Butler . 

Bryson, James 

Burnside, Thomas . . . . 

Butler, Chester 

Byington, Theodore L . . . 
Byrne, Peter J 

Cake, Isaac McCord 
Campbell, Joseph H. 
Canavan, Martin . . 
Carpenter, Benjamin 
Case, William F . , 
Catlin, Charles . . . 
Catlin, George . . . 

























Catlin, Putnam 

Chamberlain, Albert . . . 

Chapman, Seth 

Chase, Ezra Bartholomew 

Collins, Oristus 

Collins, Thomas .... 
Conyngham, John Nesbit 
Conyngham, John Butler 

Cooper, Thomas 

Courtright, John Searle . 
Covell, Edward M . . . 
Craig, John Perry .... 
Crane, Frederick M . . . 










: 3 68 




Dana, Milton . . . 

Dana, Sylvester , . 

Darling, Thomas . . 

Darte, Alfred . - . 

Denison, Charles . . 

Denison, George . . 

Denison, Nathan . . 

Dickinson, Israel . . 
Dietrick, Aaron Jared 

Drake, George C . . 

Dyer, Thomas . . . 

Evans, John 

Fell, Jesse 

Flanagan, Montgomery Joseph 

Fuller, Amzi 

Fuller, Henry Mills 

Gibson, John Bannister 

Gore, John L 

Gore, Obadiah . . . . 
Graham, Thomas . . . 
Grant, Sanford . . . . 
Griffin, George . . . . 



















Hakes, Lyman 

Hamilton, Arthur 

Hancock, William 

Harrison, Canfielcl 

Harvey, Elisha Boanerges . . . 
Haughawout, George Dougherty 
Headley, Samuel Freeman . . . 

Hibbs, William Irwin 

Hill, Elliott Smith Miller . . . 
Hillman, George Baker .... 

Hodgdon, Samuel 

Holliday, James 

Hollenback, Matthias 

Hurlbut, Christopher 

Jackson, Angelo 

Jackson, Morrison Elijah . . . 

Jessup, William 

Johnson, Ovid Frazer 

Jones, Joel 

Jones, John Richard 

Jones, Matthew Hale 

Jones, Nathaniel 

Ketcham, John Holmes .... 
Ketcham, Winthrop Welles . . 

Kidder, Luther 

Kidder, Rowland Metcalf . . . 

King, Henry 

Kingman, William Roberts . . . 

Kingsley, Nathan 

Kinney, Joseph 

Koons, John 

Lathrop, Dwight Noble .... 
Le Clerc, Edward Emmelius . . 

Lee, Washington 

Lee, Washington 

Lewis, Arnold Colt 




























Names. 1403 

Little, William E 1191 

Longstreet, Samuel Price 1284 

Mallery, Edward Garrick 121 8 

Mallery, Garrick 1083 

Mallery, Pierce Butler .1181 

Maxwell, Volney Lee , 1168 

Mc Clintock, James 1141 

McQuillan, Dennis Alexander 1322 

McShane, Francis 108 1 

Meredith, Thomas 1097 

Merrifield, William 1286 

Merriman, Edgar Leroy 1303 

Metcalf, Henry 1234 

Miller, William Henry 12 14 

Miner, Joseph Wright 1246 

Miner, Josiah H 1101 

Moon, George Washington ... l 37& 

Morris, James Lincoln 1378 

Murray, Noah 1054 

Myers, John William 1228 

Myers, Lawrence io 57 

Myers, Philip Thomas 1307 

Myers, William Vanderbelt 1323 

Nesbitt, James J047 

Nicholson, George Byron 1238 

Nicholson, Horatio W 1197 

Nicholson, Lyman Richardson 1283 

Osterhout, Isaac Smith l 3 l 3 

Overton, Edward .• ' 1 102 

Overton, Thomas Bleasdale 1095 

Paine, Thomas Edward 1143 

Palmer Nathan 1060 

Parke, Benjamin 11 39 

Parker, Jonathan W 1182 

Pearce, Cromwell 1271 

1 4 04 


Peckham, Aaron Kingsley 
Pettebone, Henry .... 
Pfouts, Benjamin Franklin 
Philbin, William Joseph . 
Pickering, Timothy . . . 

Pike, Charles 

Post, Isaac Joseph . . . 
Pratt, William H . . . . 
Prentice, William .'...' 

Randall, David Richardson 

Rankin, Daniel 

Reichard, John 

Reynolds, Lazarus Denison . 
Reynolds, William Champion 

Richards, Ira D 

Robinson, John Trimble . . 
Ross, William Sterling . . 

Rush, Jacob 

Ruth, Ivan Thomas .... 

Sanderson, George .... 

Scott, David 

Scott, George 

Sherrerd, Samuel 

Shoemaker, Charles Denison 
Silkman, Charles Henry . . 
Simrell, Eugene W . . . . 
Slocum, Joseph ..... 
Slocum, Jonathan Joseph 
Smith, Cyrenus M . . . . 
Smith, George_Thomas . . 
Smith, William. Hooker . . 
Stark, Conrad Sax .... 
Steele, George Palmer . . . 
Stewart, Alphonso C. . . . 
Stout, Asher Miner .... 
Stout, Charles Miner . . . 
Struthers, James Robb . . 






























Taylor, Edmund 

Trembath, William John . . . . 

Wadhams, Noah 

VVaelder, Jacob 

Waller, Charles Phillips . . . . 

Welles, Rosewell 

Wells, Corydon Hiram . . . . 

Wells, George H 

Wells, Henry Hill 

Whitlock, Friend Aaron . . . . 

Wilmarth, Wesley S 

Wilmot, David 

Wilson, Amzi 

Winchester, Stephen Severson . 
Woodward, George Washington 
Woodward, Warren Jay . . . . 
Wright, Benjamin Drake . . . . 

Wright, Harrison 

Wright, Harrison 

Wright, Joseph 

Wurtz, John J 

Wurts. William 















Index of Names. 


Volume I, pp. i to 504. Volume II, pp. 505 to 1038. 

Ill, pp. 1039 T0 END - 


Aaron, 833. 

Abbott, 157, 1251-55, 1392. 

Abrams, 904. 

Ace, 984. 

Ackley, 689. 

Adair, 681. 

Adam, 1139. 

Adams, 45, 241, 87, 306, 43, 408, 
656,666, 807-8, 87, 970, 1046, 74, 
77,90, 1189, 1210, 1335, 90. 

Addison, 608. 

Adgate, 316. 

Aerts, 972-73. 

Aertz, 1138. 

Agnew, 28, 210, 1122, 51, 63. 

Airgood, 768. 

Albright, 41, 523, 27, 679, 880, 

944, i°3°- 
Albrighton, 277. 
Alden, 303-7, 748, 969, 1136, 1273- 

Alderfer, 1385. 
Aldrich, 656. 
Alexander, 20, 257-58, 562, 852, 95, 

1067, 1167, 1231-32. 
Alexander, Czar of Russia, 933. 
Alexander III, 252. 
Allen, 11, 286, 318, 818, 919, 73, 

1186,97, 1327, 36, 38. 
Allison, 95, 588, 1097. 
Allsworth, 870-71. 
Allyn, 900, 35. 
Alricks, 1165-67. 
Alsis, see Halsey. 
Alsover, 39, 498, 556, 1319-20. 
Alvord, 925. 
Amerman, 39, 979-80. 
Ames, 825. 
Amsbry, 617. 

Anderson, 555, 712-13, 1322. 
Andre, 103, 15, 1127, 72. 
Andrew, 429. 
Andrews, 578, 711. 
Andries, 281. 
Andross, 1166. 
Andruss, 578. 
Anne, Queen, 766. 
Ansbacher, 480. 
Ansell, 860. 
Antony, Marc, 1242. 
Apple, 1257. 
Appleton, 378, 1046. 
Archbald, 39, 526, 855, 83, 955, 

1016-35, 71-72. 
Argyll, Bishop of, 203. 
Arkeson, 774. 
Armstrong, 218, 58, 64, 525-26,648, 

952-53. "73. "63. 
Arndt, 1119, 1180. 
Arnold, 263, 356, 523, 668, 93, 811, 

Arnot, 671. 

Arthur, 318, 683, 977, 1391. 
Asbury, 212, 466,638,95,1090,1262. 

Aspinwall, 1004. 
Atherholt, 1138. 
Atherton, 1, 26, 39. 161, 295, 516- 

32, 607, 51, 725, 867, 1007, 14- 

15, 1259, 1375, 91. 
Athey, 1389. 
Atkinson, 670, 1377. 
Atwater, 884, 1232 
Atwood, 897. 
Auge, 1098. 
Augur, 841. 
Augustus, 892. 
Aurbach, 802. 
Austin, 794, 1029, 36, 64. 
Avery, 595, 628, 1040-41, 1369. 
Ayres, 1195. 

Babb, 83435. 

Babcock, 745, 1285. 

Bachman, 149, 1385 

Backus, 881, 1072, 1109. 

Bacon, 1123. 

Bagnall, 237. 

Bailey, 26, 39, 165, 78, 377, 671, 

896-97, 982. 
Baker, 434, 93, 772, 867, 920, 1244- 

45, i3°3- 
Balcom, 85. 
Balcomb, 1236. 
Baldwin, 48, 465, 576, 79, 758, 954, 

63, 1033-35, 41, 53, mo, 41, 55, 

1201, 1321. 
Ball, 168-69, 8 4 8 - 
Ballou, 654-56. 
Baloyl, 255. 
Baltimore, Lord, 719 
Bamberger, 1299. 
Bancroft, 97, 728, 1071. 
Bangs, 853, 66-67, i39 r - 
Banks, 268, 589, 713-19, 1261. 
Banning, 471. 
Barber, 314, 1038. 
Barclay, 140, 542. 
Bardley, 195. 
Barge, 149. 
Barker, 444. 
Barkley, 803. 
Barksdale, 428, 590. 
Barnard, 888. 

Barnes, 832, 913, 58-59, 1187, 1245. 
Barnet, 858. 
Barnett, 556. 
Barneveldt John of, 279. 
Barney, 929. 

Barnum, 13, 789, 1244. 77, 85-86. 
Barr, 297. 
Barrett, 883, 1263. 
Barrington, 791. 
Barton, 1126, 1390. 
Bass, 978, 1297. 
Bassan, 989. 
Bassford, 903. 
Batchelor, 845. 

Batchley, 862. 

Bates, 416-19, 717, 1041. 

Bauer, 788. 

Baughman, 680. 

Baumann, 1001-02. 

Baumann, see Bowman. 

Baur, 25, 162, 48S, 825, 1227. 

Baxter, 37. 

Bayard, 1181. 

Beach, 1041, 1350. 

Bean, 144, 717. 

Bear, 680. 

Beardslee, 249, 452-55, 817, i 3 } 4 , 

Beatty, 681. 
Beattys, 955-56. 
Beaulieu, 173. 
Beaumont, 484, 886, 932-33, 1100, 

41, 1274-77. 
Beauregard, 268. 
Beaver, 878, 918, 68, 1033, 1381. 
Beckwith, 506, 1064. <J 

Bedford, 15, 19, 25, 38, 208-26, 

417, 66, 592, 725, 41, 7^, 915, 

33, iov, 1151, 12E3, 1383- 
Beebe, 323. 
Beech, 1089. 

Beecher, 384, 835, 98, 1218. 
Beers, 561. 
Behee, 604. 
Beilby, 434. 
Beissel, 144. 
Belcher, 868. 
Belden, 622. 

Belding, 905. * 

Belford, 566. 

Bell, 25, 248-49, 338, 999, 1386. 
Bellows, 427. 
Benade, 1342. 
Benedict, 425, 90-93, 827-29, IC65, 

Bennet viii, 856, 1224-25, 1363- 

Bennett, 39, 135, 411-15. 561-64, 

605, 30-50, 976, 1086-87, "83, 

1202-08, 1307, 11, 80, ,87, 89, 92. 
Benscoter, 813. 
Benson, 167, 1069. 
Bentley, 40, 843, 937, 13, 82-83, 

1174, 1266-67, 98- 
Benton, 1276. 
Bergen, 192. 
Berry, 598. 

Bertles, 26, 7S9, 97, 1390. 
Bertram, 397, 1095. 
Beryar, 1327. 
Betts, 840, 944. 
Bevan, 569. 
Beza, 966. 

Biddle, 294, 741, 5;, 820, 932. 
Bidlack, 19-20, 132, 306, 43, 53, 

88, 630, 813, vii, 1134-38, 1245. 
Bigelow, 810. 
Bigler, 99, 266, 588, 1155. 

Index of Names. 


killings, 1198-99. 

Brakeley, 738-39. 

Burre, 763-64. 

Bingham, 1109. 

Brakenbury, 808. 

Burrett, 1389. 

Binn, 1074. 

Brandt, 608. 

Burritt, 664, 1344. 

Binns, 294-95. 

Brassington, 1271. 

Burrough, 747. 

Binney, 823, 1346. 

Bratt, 793. 

Burrows, 418, 680, 936-37 1391. 

Birde, 1344. 

Breck, 890-96. 

Bursley, 971. 

Birdseye, 693. 

Breese, 55, 57, 1381. 

Burtis, 210. 

Biige, 750. 

Breneiser, 156. 

Burton, 253-54, 9 J 5, 1020. 

Birney, 321. 

Brett, 1 194. 

Bush, 1176. 

Birtel, 918. 

Brevost, 172. 

Butler, 13, 24, 32-33, 39, 102-3, 16- 

Biscoe, 810. 

Brewer, 268. 

1 7, 3 2 , 89,91,206,15-18,58,64,97, 

Bishop, 955, 1217. 

Brewster, 28, 119, 94, 368. 

326-51, 63, 85, 87-88, 427,95, 506- 

Bispham, 685. 

Bridgum, 491. 

07, 6 2 , 78, 95, 99, 601, 6-9, 35, 40- 

Black, 159, 275-76, 78, 532, 1159. 

Briggs, 899. 

41, 44, 68-69, 90, 710, 49-50, 800- 

Black Hawk, 857, 1105. 

Brinham, 677. 

!, 2 4, 2 9, 33-34, 46-48, 928, 1039- 

Blackmail, 132-33, 604, 931-3 2 , 

Brink, 181. 

43, 5", 65, 67, 84, 88-89, i"5, 

1215-16, 1349, 74. 

Brintnall, 227. 

24, 26-27, 74, 84, 1218-19, 20 , 5°, 

Blackstone, 459. 

Brinsmade, 323. 

52, 93, 1330, 46, 56, 58. 

Blackwood, 1016. 

Brisbane, 165, 76, 1239. 

Buzzard, 174, 1196. 

Blain, 264. 

Brisbin, 34, 1220, 92-93. 

Bye, 898. /V0§ 

Blaine, 87, 259, 430, 93, 618. 

Bristol, 25, 1035-36, 1132. 

Byington, 1281-2. 

Byrne, 904, 1230-31, 78I (j & 

Byron, 1024, 69. 


Cadel, 203. 

Blair, 258, 543, 1289. 

Brittain, 475. 

Blakeslee, 498, 969, 1385. 

Britton, 932. 

Blanchard, 67, 464, 772. 

Broadhead, 63, 1008-1 1,1138, 


Blank, 705. 


Blatchley, 862. 

Brocket, 674. 

Bleasdale, 1102. 

Brockway, 506. 

Cadwalader, 988-89, 1097, 1337. 

Bliss, 751,876. 

Brodrick, 594, 838. 

Caesar, 1242. 

Blith, 876. 

Brongniart, 1349-50. 

Caffrey, 282. 

Blois, 840. 

Bronson, 547. 

Cahoon, 20, 1261, 1351. 

Blum, 1359. 

Brooks, 292, 428, 727, 1209. 

Cake, 1294. 

Boadicea, 577. 

Brougham, 1092. 

Caldwell, 720, 1089, 1250. 

Boardman, 579. 

Browcr, 934. 

Calkins, 1088. 

Boal, 1153. 

Brown, 26, 297, 338, 55, 418 


Callahan, 798. 

Bodenheimer, 480. 

85, 748, 812, 40, 48, 950, b2, 

Callaghan, 900. 

Bogaart, 793. 

1000-01, 59, 1143, 1233,62- 


Callender, 848, 1373. 

Bogert, 154. 

Browne, 72a, 811, 1280. 

Callyhan, 900. 

Boggs, 1272. 

Brownell, 744. 

Calvin, 139. 

Bogue, ii6d. 

Brubaker, 144. 

Camden, 236. 

Bohan, 625-26, 1389. 

Bruce, 252-55, 794- 

Cameron, 99, 1154-55, 79, 92. 

Boice, 390. 

Brundage, 25, 38, 62-65, 22 

5, 88- 

Camp, 676. 

Bo! mar, 868,938. 

89, 1011, 14, 1296, 1384. 

Campbell, 25, 39, 266, 68-9,470-73, 

Bolton, 1195, 1220. 

Bryan, 991-93. 

608, 698-700, 955, 80, 96, 1004, 

Bonaparte, 715, 1194. 

Bryant, 811. 

80, 1226, 1312. 

Bond, 344, 687. 

Bryden, 713. 

Canavan, 1278. 

Boniface VIII, (Pcpe). 252. 

Bryson, 131, 264-65, 441-42, 

J 3 2 3- 

Canajoharie, priest of, 189. 

Booth, ai, 762, 66, 1344. 


Canby. 542, 69, 841. 

Boquet, 263. 

Buchanan, 42,257, 62,64,67, 


Canfield, 1168. 

Borbidge, 856. 


Cannon, 39, 421-22, 472, 1033,1183. 

Bordwell, 585. 

Bucher, 268. 

Capron, 906. 

Borodell, 1087. 

Buchman, 148. 

Capwell, 915. 

Bosee, 102. 

Buck, 53, 89, 115, 598-C00 


Carew, 352, 1109. 

Boskirk, 793. 

1041, 1256. 

Carey, 66, 216, 595, 833, 1088, 

Bosseut, 547. 

Buckalew, 34, 179, 97, 271 


_ 1257, 1334, 56. 

Bostick, 1041. 

711, 1179, 91, 96, 

Cargell, 228. 

Bostwick, 937. 

Buckingham, 61, 84, 363 65, 


Carlisle, 542. 

Boswell, 316. 

Bucknell, 979. 

Carman, 392. 

Bouck, 1025. 

Buehler, 998. 

Carmichael, 93-94. 

Bouscher, S57. 

Buell, 234. 

Carothers, 264. 

Bovie, 793. 

Buford, 34. 

Carpenter, 208, 411, 920, 1042, 

liowen, 654, 1072, 1174. 

Bulford, 1S7. 

43, 47,97, 1182,91. 

Bowers, 437-38, 856. 

Bulkeley, 25, 63-64, 285-90 

, 833, 

Carr, 135, 339, 56, 599, 621, 868, 

Bowie, 953. 

43, 10S1. 

1165, 77, !387- 

Bowman, 25, 48, 125, 75, 215, 

Bull, 94, 743, 1173-74, i3 S2 " 8 3- 

Carrigan, 268. 

339, 94, 99, 49 6 > 5°9. 695-96, 7'4, 

Bullock, 1041. 

Carrington, 409. 

10^1-02, 43, 50-51, 61, 90, 1115, 

Bunnell, 39, 927-28. 

Carroll, 663, 960. 

17, 27-30, 1261-63. 

Burdett, 1221. 

Carson, 1059. 

Boy (1,647-48, 722, 866, 1 1 71-73, 1321. 

Burdick, 196. 

Carter, 576. 

Boyer, 729, 68. 

Burg, 810. 

Carver, 419, 667-68, 1242. 

Boylston, 666. 

Burge, 376. 

Cary, 352-53. 90. 

Brace, 901. 

Burgoyne, 442, 623, 1010, 3 

5, 55, 

Case, 157, 268, 849, 1307. 

Braddock, 517, 715, 845,98, 1271. 


Casey, 880. 

Bradford, 971 72. 

Burke, 402, 568, 1067, mo, 

*3 6 7, 

Cass, 268, 586, 623, 1275. 

Bradley, 585,870,991, 1052-54,61, 


Cassidy, 980. 

1228, 88. 

Burleigh, 724. 

Caster, 692. 

Bradslreet, 791. 

Burnham, 840-42. 

Catlin, v, in, 213-15, 345, v, 613, 

Bragg, 234. 

Burns, 912-13, 1024, 32. 

756-57, 59, i°3 r i vii > 43, 51-52, 

Brahl, 918. 

Burnside, 393, vii, 1078,98-1102, 53. 

61, 96, 1103-7. 

Brainard, 376, 585, 921. 

Burr, no, 761-66, 990-93. 

Catoonah, 828. 




Index of Names. 

Caulkins, 316. 

Chadwick, 119, 

Chalfant, 268. 

Chamberlain, 543, 914, 1298. 

Chamberlin, 39. 

Chambers, 1095, 1116, 

Champlin, 772, 1139. 

Champneys, 270. 

Chandler, 1189, 1228. 

Chapin, 656, 709-12, 1264. 

Chapman, 65-68. 304-5, 68, 633, 

821, 37. 75-77. 9 82 > io 4', 81-83, 

1160, 69, 1260. 
Charlemagne, 547. 
Charles I, 324, 1130. 
Charles, II, 2, 52, 255, 57, 1010, 

1130, 1247, 1327. 
Charles IX, 546. 
Charlton, 1247. 
Chase, 39, 105-6, 121-22, 25-27, 

65, 290-92, 874, 97, 99-901,35, 

42, 1160, 1237, 46, 87-88, 1307, 

Chastellux (Marquis de), 524,1291. 
Chaumont (de), 1291. 
Chauncey, 286, 1109. 
Cheeny, 982. 
Cheetham, 1067. 
Cheney (de), 1070. 
Cherry, 946. 
Chesebrough, 747-48. 
Chew, 819. 
Chickering, 227. 
Child, 1238. 
Childs, 1227. 
Chittenden, 869. 
Chitwood, 286. 
Choiscuil (de), 892. 
Christ, 479. 
Chrystal, 352, 789. 
Church, 134, 277, 406-7, 737, 1176, 

.99. I2 44- 
Cist, 30, 66, 499-500, 1094, 1127, 

i33 2 -34, 3 6 "37. 40, 42-54, 58, 80. 
Clanning, 862. 
Clapham, 517. 
Clapp, 958. 
Clark, 264, 66, 363, 65, 425, 53-54, 

538, 610, 771, 872, 84,954, 1109, 

'3 8 7- 
Clarke, 19, 264, 872, 1131, 64. 
Clarkson, 1130. 
Classen, 141. 
Claverhouse, 255. 
Clawson, 913. 
Claxton, 398. 
Clay, 664, 1012, n 13, 89. 
Claypole, 1144. 1327. 
Clayton, 1181. 
Cleamans, 148; see Clemens. 
Clemmer, 678. 
Clemens, 1385. 
Clemons, 856. 
Clerq, 192. 

Cleveland, m, 515, 903. 
Clift, 48. 

Clinton, 279-80, 1023-24, 1105. 
Clive, Lord, 895. 
Clothier, 751. 
Clubine, 835,. 
Clymer, 270, 1097, 1102. 
Coates, 891. 
Cochran, 683. 982. 
Cochrane, 877. 
Coffin, 679. 
Coffrin, 304. 
Coggshall, 2, 1295. 
Cohen, 801-02. 
Coit, 316, 61. 

Colbert, 1244. 

Colden, 1067. 

Cole, 509, 606, 798. 

Coleman, 318, 1012. 

Coles, 447. 

Collings, 25, 86, 886-S7, 931-34, 
113S, 1277. 

Collins, 3, 15, 31, 33,63, 69, 71, 197, 
394, 542, 829, 42-43, 905-6, 1004, 
vii, 1107-14, 1I19, 1220, 1310. 

Colt, 358, 495-96, 5o6, 609, 776, 
1260-61, 76. 

Colvin, 475. 

Comly, 884. 

Compton, 1003. 

Comstock, 750. 1064, 1 199. 

Comyn, 253-54. 

Cone, 130, 1232. 

Conger, 993. 

Conkling, 405. 

Connell, 874, 78. 

Connolly, 935-36, 59-60, 68, 1033. 

Conrad, 300. 

Constantine, 547. 

Constine, 468. 1388. 

Converse, 318, 20. 

Conway, 796. 

Conyngham, v, 3, 15, 24, 31, 38, 
48, 72, 79, i°°> 5-6, 21, 65, 203- 
7. 55, 337-38, 66, 94, v, 866, 922, 
1006, vii, ix, 1114-25, 65, 68, 82, 
84-S5, 88, 1212, 31, 37-39, 64, 69, 
1316, 29. 

Cook, 355, 486, 756, 979, 1244. 

Cooke, 1069. 

Cool, 610. 

Cooley, 25, 903. 

Coons, 39, 468-70, 80, 1388. 

Cooper, v, 333, 46-47, v, 792, 1029, 
59, 76-78, 81, 83, 1196, 1312, 45- 

Coover, 6S3-84. 

Cope, 1115. 

Corbin, 406. 

Corcoran, 1278. 

Corker, 444 

Cornwalhs, 171, 293, 1040, 45, 79, 

Corsen, 1028. 
Corss, 593. 
Corwin, 885. 
Coryell, 268, 1248. 
Coston, 39, 978. 
Cottrill, 1232. 
Coughlin, 615-17, 86. 
Coulter, 1155. 
Conrtright, 1368-70. 
Covell, 657, 1216-18, 1315, 51, 
Covenhoven, 1320-21. 
Cowen 857. 
Cowie, 736, 864. 
Cowles, 117. 
Cowley, 1201. 
Cox, 350, 1158, 1336. 
Coxe, 786, 1259. 
Craig, 419, 564, 707, 1295. 
Craighead, 258, 264. 
Cramer, 927. 
Crane, 723, 904, 27, 1109, 77, 84, 

Crary, 845. 
Craven, 1070. 

Crawford, 264, 559, 798, 1065. 
Creveling, 694-96, 714, 814-15, 

Crisman, 844, 131 1, 
Crispin, 1327-28. 
Crittenden, 1012. 
C'rci^h, 258. 

Creswell, 268. 
Crockett, 149. 
Cromwell, 238, 380, 460, 662, 718, 

1058, 87, 1113, 30, 1271. 
Cronover, see Covenhoven. 
Crook, 841. 
Cross, 868. 
Crosswell, 1144-45. 
Crothers, 968. 
Cruden, 967. 
Cruger, 369-70. 
Cruttenden, 737, 59. 
Cuddy, 266. 
Cullen, 1278. 
Cullick, 661. 
Cuningham, 203. 
Cuningham, see Conyngham. 
Cunynghame, 255. 
Cunyngham, sec Conyngham. 
Cummins, 726. 
Cuningame, 203. 
Cuningame, see Conyngham. 
Cunninghame, 866. 
Cunninghame, see Conyngham. 
Curran, mo, 1125. 
Curry, 761. 
Curtin, 74, 99, 166, 319, 418, 897, 

929, J1 53, 57, 1210, 31. 
Curtis, 354, 1183. 
Cutter, 1182, 94. 
Cutting, 1068. 

Dachs, 479. 

Dagiworthy, 1180. 

Dain, 497. 

Dale, 1372. 

Dallas, 652. 

Dalrymple, 400. 

Dalton, 950. 

Dana, 31-41, 6t, 64, 66, 79, 87, 
125, 36, 62, 206, 40-41, 44, 47, 83, 
99, 312, 68, 469, 509, 39, 844, 80, 
97, 933, 1037-38, 41, 1142-3, 94, 
1211,29, 33-35, 64-66,1313, 16, 
22, 29, 81. 

Dandelot, 174. 

D'Arcy, 719. 

Darley, 621. 

Darling, 30, 38-39, 88-96, 100, 289, 
35°, 439, 53-56, 86, 90,500, 14, 
52, 605, 9, 57, 66, 76, 87, 713, 21 , 
66,95,99,948,90-91, 1008, 1119, 
80, 1316, 64, 66, 79-80, 82-84,88. 

Darlington, 1168. 

Darrah, 89S. 

Dane, 39, 130-32, 441-42, 1001, 
1232-33, 1324, 85, 89. 

Davenport, 105-6, 84, 364, 544-45, 
47,72, 697-98, 810, 1257, 1314, 89. 

David, 252. 

Davidson, 194, 262, 1291. 

Davis, 15, 26, 48, 126, 256, 67, 
349, 516, 41-42, 658, 857, 928, ti, 
1012-13, I! 78, 1372. 

Daw, 1035-36. 

Dawes, 149. 

Dawson, 833. 

Day, 585, 988, 114;. 

Dayton, 134-35, 938, 1199. 

Deal, 1160. 

Dean, 39, 961-65, 871-72. 

Dearborn, 1079. 

DeClacons, 173. 

Deble, 413. 

Deborgur, 803. 

DeBreck, see Breck. 

Decatur, 392, 895, 927. 

Decker, 555, 927, 1324. 

Index of Names. 


DeFerrars, 255. 

DeForest, 1069-70. 

DeHutter, 281. 

Dejersey, 758. 

DeKay, 791. 

Deitrick, ix. 

Delafield, 1066. 

DeLamberton, 251-52. 

Delaj.ey, 823-24. 

DeMontule, 173. 

Denison, 1, 3, 8-9, 21, 47"48, 53. 
55-5 6 . 59. 6r > "9, 6 °. 6 5, 75. 
89, 208, 16-18, 28, 33, 83, 328-29, 
31-32, 62-63, 87, 93-94, 461, iii, v, 
509, 538, 99, 6 38, 40-42, 49, 745, 
48, 834, 46-47, 1027, 39, 41, 43, 
47,57,87-90, 1118-20,38,57, 77, 
91-94, 1219, 26, 29. 40, 54-55, 77" 
78, 85, 1303, 14, 56. 

Dennis, 414, 772. 

Denning, 895. 

Denny, 258. 

Depew, 813. 

DePui, 46, 450, 62. 

DeRencourt, 976. 

Deringer, 11 58. 

Derr, 234, 458, 736-42, 921, 1316. 

Derr, see Dorr. 

DeRuyter, 279. 

Deshong, 1358. 

DeTrieux, 1070. 

Dewees, 149. 

DeWitt, 39, 201, 78-81, 371, 433, 

D'Hinayossa, 1165. 

Dick, 635, 37. 

Dickensheid, 678-79. 

Dickinson, 386, 908, 88-89, Ilg i. 

Dicksey, 762. 

Dickson, 39, 457-°7, 54 2 , 649. S*» 
1007, 14-15, 1296, 1375, 83, 87. 

Dietrick viii, 1196, 1366-68. 

Dietterick, 949. 

Dill, 572, 1196. 

Dilley, 861-62. 

Dimmick, 28, 580, 950, 70-76, 

Dimmock, 970-71. 
Dimmuck, 971. 
Dinshert, 458. 
Dixon, 302, 90, 1273. 
Dixson, 542. 
Doak", 131 1. 
Doane, 1195-96, 1391. 
Dobb, 955. 
Dodd, 168, 457,954. 
Dodge, 474. 

Dodson, 179-81, 643, 754, 1320. 
Dolan, 553. 
Dolph, 885. 
Dom Pedro I, mi. 
Donaldson, 338. 
Donovan, 441. 
• Doolittle, 385, 1226. 

Dorr, 458, 736-38, 1064-65. 

Dorr, see Derr. 

Dorrance, 25, 39, 87, 360-70, 87, 

97-. 413. 63, 39. 593. 652, 785, 

Dorsey, 718-19. 
Doubleday, 929. 
Douglas, 830. 
Douglass, 267, 430. 
Dow, 734. 

Downing, 351-55, 1387- 
Doyle, 688. 
Drake, 594,609, 77 2 ,9°5, "27,41- 

42, 1216, 50. 
Draper, 506, 1272. 

Driesbach, 913. 

Drinker, 526. 

Drum, 354, 726-27. 

Dubois, 379-80. 

Dudley, 216, 18. 

Duer, 894-95. 

Duffield, 258. 

Duffy, 558, 1388. 

Dugan, 298. 

Dull, 268. 

Dumer, 763. 

Dunbar, 745. 

Duncan, 258-59, 64, 1092, 1118. 

Dundaff, 1125. 

Dunlap, 264, 903, 1354- 

Dunlop, 1016. 

Dunn, 610, 874. 

Dunning, 671-75, 884. 

Dupetic Thouars, 174. 

DuPont, 891-94, 974-76. 

Durand, 889. 

Durbrow, 1298. 

Durkee, 331, 53, 88, 432, 36, 64, 

506, 30, 633, 41, 1355. 
Durkin,283, 441. 
DuTrieux, 790. 
Dutton, 246. 
Dwight, 21-22, 368. 
Dyer, 1, 15, 33, 380, 1072-75, 1250- 

51, i35i- 

Eads, 1071. 

Earl, 542. 

Earle, 1164. 

Easterline, 1015. 

Easton, 377, 743. 

Eaton, 184, 364, 598, 662, 750, 1083, 

1131, 1370. 
Ebaugh, 268. 
Eberhard, 805. 
Eberwein, 458. 
Eckrote, 1322. 
Edgar, 898. 
Edinger, 944. 
Edmunds, 318. 
Edson, 1257. 
Edward I, 109, 251-54. 
Edward III, 402, 1246. 
Edward VI, 350. 
Edward the Confessor, 109, 87. 
Edwards, 40, 219, 853, 933, 38-39, 

1032, 62, 71, 1373, 89. 
Egle, 170, ix, 1381. 
Eggleston, 460. 
Elder, 397, 600, 816. 
Elderkin, 963. 
Eldred, 393, 580. 
Eldridge, 855, 1240, 1311. 
Eliot, 322, 757, 1087. 
Elizabeth (Queen), 188, 541,714. 
Ellicott, 521. 
Elliot, 519, 721-22, 898. 
Ellis, 25, 205, 747, 902-03, 1118. 
Ellsworth, 866. 
Elsegood, 542. 
Elwell, 4, 419, 1063, 1145. 
Ely, 1141, 1216. 
Emerson, 1238. 
Emley, 25, 797, 1012. 
Emmett, 1067, 11 10. 
Emmons, 868. 
Endicott, 404. 
Engle, 910, 1295. 
Enno, 413. 
Eno, 413. 
Erath, 25. 
Eshelman, 557. 

Esler, 473. 

Espy, 39, 412, 31-38, 816, 44, 45, 

916-17, 1079, J 354- 
Essex, Earl of, 237. 
Estabrook, 361. 
Esther (Queen), 212, 640. 
Evans, 64, 281, 309, 48-49, 57J-72, 

783, 88, 1059, 75, 1249, 1350, 86. 
Everett, 165, 338, 591. 
Everhart, 804-7. 
Everhart, see Eberhart. 
Ewer, 808. 
Ewing, 95, 342, 412, 518, 718, 1280. 

Faherty, 726. 

Fahy, 574- 

Fairbanks, 909. 

Fairchild, 246, 1170. 

Faragut, 193. 

Faries, 1286. 

Farnham, 26, 39,84-88, 122, 211, 

25, 365, 417, 562, 70, 653, 60, 

93, 807, 933, 1304, 71, 82-83. 
Fayerweather, 762. 
Fearne, 135, 1074. 
Fein, 738-40. 
Fell, 20, 158, 296, 344-49, 542, 

68790, 825, 1061, 77, 94, 1143, 

1258, 1351, 90. 
Fellows, 175, 321, 711, 994, 1230. 
Fenelon, 547. 
Fern, 246. 

Fenstermacher. 729-30. 
Fenwick, 661, 875. 
Ferguson, 160, 697. 
Ferris, 40, 384-90, 414, 698, 807, 

Fewsmith, 475. 
Field, 1067. 
Fillbrook, 1287. 
Fillmore, 586. 

Finch, 226, 42, 47, 1089, 1382. 
Findlay, 295, 309, 93, 565, 602,21, 

715, 870, 1050, 1151, 1309. 
Finley, 256. 
Fish, 362. 

Fisher, 192-93, 675-76, 819, 1079. 
Fisk, 361. 
Fitch, 306, 521-22,913,1041, 1109, 

Fitzgerald, 385, 600. 
FitzHarding, 187. 
Fitzjohn, 187. 
Fitzpatrick, 830. 
Fitzsimmons, 996. 
Flagg, 398. 
Flanagan, 1084, 1362. 
Flanigan, 39. 
Fleming, 19, 1101. 
Fletcher, 1137. 
Flett, 1282. 
Flick, 692-94, 1088. 
Flynt, 791. 
Fogg, 396. 
Foley, 550, 950, 70. 
Follett, 963. 
Foote, 750-51. 

Forbes, 409, 1004, 1109, 73, 1271. 
Ford, 366, 68, 413, 593. 
Fordsman, 1041. 
Forest (de) 1070. 
Forester, 873. 
Forman, 1069. 
Forney, 267, 683, 1146. 
Forrett, 404. 
Forsman, 343, 600. 
Fort, 1327. 


Index of Names. 

Foster, 26, 39, 78, 184-93, 


Gerpheide, 849. 

Guion, 92. 

364. 9 8 . 535-36. 79, 807, 33 

, 37" 

Gerry, 1146. 

Gunn, 627. 

40, 953, 1046, 1308, 1386. 

Gettle, 543. 

Gunster, 853, 900, 17-18, 39, 44, 

Fotheringill, 1389. 

Getz, 268. 

6S, 95. 1033. 

Foulke, 149. 

Gibbon, 9^. 

Gunther, 221. 

Fowler, 427, 771. 

Gibbons, 573, 1389. 

Gurdon, 890. 

Fox. 140, 269, 391, 1100. 

Gibson, 48, 264, 829, vii. 


8 3, 

Gurley, 972. 

Franklin, 77,215-20, 428, 518, 


91-95, 98, 1159, 1345-46 

Gustavus III, 892. 

29> 4°. 43, 702, 10, 821, 24 

, 46, 

Giddings, 190, 576-80, 874 

, *3 5 


Gustin, 1089. 

1041, 45, 59, 62-63, "45, 


Giering, ix. 

Guthrie, 176, 623, 1022, 1314, 32. 

1302, 38-39, 57. 

Gilbert, 119, 180, 548, 789 


Frarice, 576. 

Gilchrist, 406, 1301. 

Frazer, 775, 1019, 1369. 

Gildersleeve, 26, 721-24, 


Haddock, 1389. 

Freas, 1262. 

Gilligan. 1121. 

Hadsell, 621. 

Frederick Augustus, 1009. 

Gillmgham, 542. 

Haff, 1380. 

Freeze, 356, 803. 

Gillis, 380. 

Hagerty, 660. 

French, 761. 

Gilmore, 867, 1196, 1391. 

Hahn, 25, 39, 162-64, 469-73, 1385. 

Freneau, 1144. 

Ginter, 1335, 40. 

Haight, 334, 68-69, H84. 

Fremont, 77, 1179. 

Girard, 409, 1133. 

Haines, 1142, 63, 1328. 

Freskin, 203. 

Glassell, 1218. 

Hair, 1017. 

Freyer, 149. 

Gloster, v. 

Haite, 75. 

Frisbie, 513, 849-51, 1143. 

Glover, 884. 

Haite, see Hoyt. 

Fritz, 802-4. 

Goble, 1284. 

Hakes, 39, 71, 134-38, 51, 91, 307, 

Frost, 1027, 29. 

Godfrey, 567, 707. 

54, 56, 410, 13-14, 1198-1201, 

Frothingham, 1027-30. 

Godschalck, 142. 

i3 8 5, 87. 

Fry, 191. 

Goff, 409. 

Hale, 321, 68, 490, 1131, 53, 1217. 

Frye, 894-95. 

Goffe, 1 108. 

Hales, 914. 

Fulkerson, 686. 

Goodenow, 415, 747. 

Haley, 820. 

Fuller, 5, 39, 56, 6r, 71, 86 


Goodrich, 123, 368, 1109, 


Hall, 120, 75, 399, 448, 585, 749, 61, 

121, 201, 25, 306, 56-57, 512, 



89, 1084-85, 1 196. 

603,24,37, 773,7 s , 882, 8 7- 8 9, 

Goodwin, 585, 624, 29, 796, to 


Halleck, 1328. 

985, 1088, 1130, 49, 1201 


Gordon vii, 1-2, 251-52, 


8 3, 

Hallet, 306. 

99, I 3° 2 , 34, 85. 

543, 610, 703, 817,1381. 

Hallock, 1014, 1282. 

Fullerton, 755. 

Gore, 53, 216, 346, 435"37 

. 629 


Hals, 402-03. 

Fulton, 91-92, 521-22, 967. 

813, 96, 1041-43, 47, 1302. 

Halse, 403. 

Funck, 142. 

Gorges, 618-19. 

Halsey, 402-12, 593, 709, 53-55, 

Funk, 141, 45. 

Gorham, 1088. 

1388, 90. 

Futhey, 719. 

Gorman, 39, 498-99. 
"Gorrell, 1323. 
Gorton, 1028. 

Hambleton, 1041. 

Hamill, 23 

Hamilton, 258, 61, 792, 895, 1016, 

Gable, 345. 

Goss, 616. 

1167, 1280-81, 95-96. 

Gabriel, 1014. 

Gotshalk, 148. 

Hamlin, 187. 

Gage, 916, 1044, 1135. 

Gough, 1077. 

Hammond, 645-48, 811, 90?, 71. 


Gould, 1104. 

Hampden, 1113. 

Galbraith, 264, 397, 1094-95. 

Gouldsborough, 984. 

Hampton, 1080. 

Gale, 687. 

Govett, 92. 

Hancock, 397, 437, 59, 563-64, 66, 

Gait, 518. 

Gowen, 455. 

791, 977, 1094, 1160, 1277-78, 

Gallup, 174-75. 

Graff, 348-49, 937. 

1 301. 

Gamble, 19, 797. 

Graham, 392, 94, 667, 847, 

1 00c 


Hand, 38-39, 313-26, 514, 875-79, 

Gamelson, 187. 

Grandin, 1169. 

906, 09, 18, 78, 83, 1031-33, 1189- 

Gannon, 1362. 

Granger, 1343. 

90, 1267, 1310, 23. 

Gardiner, 875-76, 1186, 1254. 

Grant, 195, 406, 413, 30, 



Handley, 225, 883, 925, 68, 1032, 

Gardiners, 621. 

27, 733, 1010, 1177, 1241, 



Gardner, 55, 620, 28, 789, 919 

, 62, 

i39 r - 

Handy, 542. 

1285, 1324, 28. 

Grattan, 1110, 25. 

Hanluan, 205. 

Garfield, 87, 430, 654, 939. 

Gray, 303, 689-90, 957. 

Hanluan, see O'Hanlon. 

Garman, 666-70. 

Gray (Duke ot Sussex), 577. 

Hannah, 39, qo8, 31. 

Garrahan, 1014. 

Greeley, 430. 

Hannum, 106 

Garretson, 513. 

Greely, 749, 1379. 

Hanspach, 478. 

Garrison, 308, 724. 

Green, 66, 121, 543, 97, 



Hardee, 578. 

Gartner, 997. 


Harding, 26, 30, 50, 53, 70-74, 86, 

Gates, 39, 442, 48-49, 832, 

94 8 , 

Greene,778, 809, 948, 1044 


-3 8 - 

101, 07,21, 97,210,83,93,358,371, 

1034, 1387 

Greenley, 475. 

417, 536, 86, 610, 18-25,40,68-69, 

Gay, 465, 889, 909, 1190. 

Greeno, 960. 

730,885,942,83-84,1041, 1158, 

Gaylord, 186, 513, 622, 779-81, 

8 5o, 

Greenough, 39S-401, 731. 

1237, 64-68, 1382-83. 


Gregg, 78, 1079. 

Hardingson, 187. 

Gearey, 681, 83, 717, 49. 

Gregory, 827, 1107. 

Harkness, 262-65. 

Gearhart, 39, 418, 922-23. 

Gridley, 116. 

Harner, 768. 

Geary, 71, 167, 354, 549, 733, 


Grier, 94-95, 258, 537, 720- 

2 1 , 1 1 70, 

Harper, 825, 915, 1235, 1329. 

1195, 1241, 1313, 67. 


Harring, 457. 

Geek, 700, 04. 

Griffin v, 31, 61, 69, 121, 


Harrington, 26, 242, 441, 794, 853, 

Geek, see Keck. 

v, vii, 1063-72, ino, 84 



74, 9 2 3, '30 1 - 

Geddes, 280. 

Grinnell, 794. 

Harris, 54-55, 9°, J 99, 556, 640, 

George, 610. 

Griswold, 364, 430, 877, 1 


1085, 92, 1160, 89, 1223. 

George I, 1018, 94. 

Gritman, 39, 848. 

Harrison, 68, 76, 527, 1302. 

George II, 744, 1336. 

Grow, 81, 509, 1178. 

Hart, 794. 

George III, no, 1088. 

Growendyke, 192. 

Harter, 730. 

George (King), 597. 

Grube, 548. 

Hartley, 54. 

Gerard, 1067-68. 

Guadalupe, 1071. 

Hartman, 1390. 

Index of Names. 

141 1 

Hartranft, 28, 66, 102, 67, 463, 

Hinds, 1308-09 

Humphries, 67. 

844, 943. Iz6 °- 

Hines, 610-15, 757, 13S9. 

Hunlock, 26, 39, 301-08,1386. 

Hartzcll, 6oq. 

Hinman, 491, 757, 1344. 

Hunt, 235, 368, 663, 1258, 88. 

Harvey, vili, 26, 39, 433, 76, 505- 

Hitchcock, 20, 40, j8S, 


Hunter, 94, 555, 13&3. 

16, 18, 850, 905, 17, 1015, 123,5, 


Huntington, 297, 861, 1064, 1108- 


Hoadley, 674. 

09, 31, 42, 1247, 1308. 

Hasbrouck, 279. 

Hoagland, 191-92. 

Huntting, 1186. 

Haskell, 975. 

Hobbs, 396. 

Hurd, 23. 

Haslibacher, 144. 

Hobson, 578. 

Hurlburt, 853. 

Hastings, 874. 

Hocksey, 963-64. 

Hurlbut, 132, 292, 304,6:14, 28-29, 

Hatch, 623, 860. 

Hodgdon, 1016, 1221-23. 

1041, 56, 1245, 1314. 

Haughawout, 874, 1293. 

Hodge, 593, 1221-22. 

Huributt, 849. 

Haven, 509, 825. 

Hodkinson, 1096. 

Hurley, 105, 949. 

Haviland, 900. 

Hoes, 278. 

Huston, 22, 259, 63, 489, 551-52. • 

Hawkes, 1387. 

Hoffman, 1066-67, i"6- 

Hutchins, 1110. 

Havvley, 117, 762, 940, 90, 93-94. 

Hoite, 75. 

Hutchinson, 542, 657, 743, 808, 

1064, 1344. 

Hoite, see Hoyt. 

„942- . 

Hawse, see Halsey. 

Holben, 977, 

Hutchison, 268. 

Hawthorne, 404. 

Holberton, 761-62, 66. 

Hutton, 893. 

Hayden viii, 368, 413, 550. 

Hold, 1217. 

Hyatt, 75, 828 

Hayes, 48, 102, 413, 30, 63, 574"75, 

Holding, 515. 

Hyde, 208, 1064, 1109. 

ix, 1391. 

Holland, 1012. 

Haykes, see Hakes. 

Hollenback, 122, 71, 21 

6, it 


Haynes, 55, 103, 16, 66t, 1230. 

333, 437. 5°°, 93. 6o 9. 6 4. 1 


Ingersoll, 79, no, 212, 1114, 6\. 

Hazard, 743-44. 837, 13+9- 

43, 46, 55, 77, 99,1127, 
53, J-339, '44-45, 5i, 54-5 



Ingham, 434, 83-86, 1257, 1300. 

Hazzard, 45. 

8, 80. 

Inghram, 732-33. 

Headley, 1070-74, 1199 

Holliday, 1208-09. 

Inman, 43 2 ,539- 

Heartley, 1096. 
Heaton, 804. 

Hollingshead, 972. 
Hollister, 59, 123, 1077. 

limes 117S. 

Ireland, 1029. 

Heckel, 940. 

Holmes, 792, 1240, 1301, 


Irenaeus, 314. 
[rvin, 301. 
Irvine, 264, 1173. 
Irving, 350,924. 

Hedian, 725-29. 

Holton, 368. 

Heemstreet, 793. 

Holyoke, 842. 

Heermans, 321, 884-S5, 965. 

Honeywell, 696. 

Heery, 924. 

Honor, 277, 695. 

Israeli, 891. 

Heffron, 250. 

Hood, 998. 

Hegins, 1294. 

Hooker, 114, 17, 322, 85, 



Hehl, 375. 

1002, 1313. 

Jackson,36, 39, 300,486, 538-40, 49. 

Heintzelman, 77. 

Hoover, 561, 1390. 

644, 89, 841, 67, 86, 936, 61, 83, 

Heister, 295. 

Hopkins, 238, 70, 364, S6 

, 66 


1075, 1150, 89, 95-97, 1238, 46, 

Heitzman, 789. 

94, 905, 1003, 1321. 

73. 75,95. 98, i3 6 7, 88, 91. 

Held, 1139. 

Hopkinson, 822. 

Jacob, 858. 

Hemingway, 443, 559. 

Hopper, 454, 74. 

Jacobs, 55, 58, 1383. 

Henderson, 510, 756 

Horn, 39, 708, 852-53, 944, 11 


Jacoby, 807. 

Hendrick, 3, 761, 1329. 

Hornbeck, 228. 

James, 192, 263, 995. 

Hendricks, 144, 263, 76, 790. 

Hornell, 683. 

James I, 90, 237, 1010. 

Henriks, 149. 

Horsely, 1390. 

James 11, 257, 1271. 

Henry, 455, 516-30, 1079, 1104, 

Horton, 985. 

James IV, 251. 


Hosmer, 364. 

Jameson, 301-07, 507,836,45,1273 

Henry VI, 403, 577. 

Hosie, 690, 953-58. 

Janes, 772. 

Henry VII, 252. 

Hoskins, 889 

Jarrett, 149. 

Henry VIII, 403, 505. 

Hotchkiss, 898-99. 

Jasper, 1328. 

Hensel 313. 

Hotten, 576. 

Jay. 437. 986. 

Hepburn, 24, 829. 

Hottenstein, 937. 

Jeffers, 906. 

Herrick, 593, 966. 

Houghton, 334. 

Jefferson, 258, 408, 664, 781, 823, 

Herring, 1233. 

Houpt, 19, 414. 

998, 1046, 99, 1189, 1221, 1343. 

Hersh, 1261. 

Houston, 1133. 

Jenkins viii, 52-58, 193,212, 16,18, 

Hess, 160, 1230. 

Hovey, 378, 1034. 

68, 595,602,21, 753.845,9 6 3.79. 

Hewett, 368, ,1255. 

Howard, 841, 50, 902. 

83, ix, 1040-41, 1381-82. 

Hewitt, 73, 327, 30-31, '43-' jU 
Hewson, 1028. 

Howarth, 569. 

Jenks, 541-43. 

Howe, 88, 93, 405, 520, 1214. 

Jennings, 631, 33. 

Hibbard, 437, 664. 

Howell, 673-74. 

Jenmson, 65. 

Hibbs, 25, 1377-78. 

Hower, 863. 

Jeremy, 1389. 

Hice, 815. 

Howland, 385, 1004, 88. 

Jervis, 1024-25. 

Hick, 795. 

Hoyt, 26-28, 30, 38, 40, 6 

1, 74-84> 

Jessup, 393, 674, 877-79, 82, 907, 

Hicks, 344, 548, 74, 1068, 1210. 

99, 101, 52, 97, 206, 49, 



83, vii, 1102, 22, 85-90, 1270, 

Hickman, 459. 

413, 30, 60, 65, 509, 39 




Hickok, 913. 

27-51, 75°, 81, 85, 878, 



Jewett, 288, 339, 427, 842, 1064, 

Hiester, 288. 

1013-14, 34, 1213-14, 21 

, 64, 


mi, 1219. 

Higbee, 318. 

I 344, 69, 73, 82. 

John, 187. 

Higgins iii. 

Hubbard, 1195. 

John the Baptist, 190. 

Higginson, 1044. 

Hubbell, 623. 

John, King, 285, 1528. 

Hill, 35, 75-76, 291, 924, 97-1001, 

Hudson, 678. 

John of Leyden, 139. 

1180, 83, 97, 1234. 

Huet, 771. 

Johns, 898. 

Hillard, 25, 248,798-801, 1366,90. 

Hughes, 268, 562-71, 616, 



Johnson, viii, 24-25, 59, 126, 87- 

H illegas, 1340. 

96, vi. 

91, 272,74, 300, 34, 44, 80-81, 

Hillhouse, 321. 

Hulings, 1191. 

468,567,79,607,81,83,763, 75-77. 

Hillman, 693, 1004, 1259, '33 2 , 73" 

Hull, 923, 78. 



Hummell, 684. 

40-41, 65-67, 1204, 41, 1301, 29. 


Humphrey, 585, 850, 986 

Johnston, 188. 


Index of Names. 

Jones 39, 66, 249, 308-10, 400, v, 
511, 608, 64, 706-09, 56, 803, 15, 
26-29, 66, 77, 90, 928-29, 48, 
88,viii, 1130-34, 37, 42, 69, 74-75, 
98, 1223, 40, 1312, 54, 70-73. 

Jordan, 835, 1312. 

Joseph, 892. 

Judd, 509, 657, 1041. 

Junkin, 77. 

Justice, 542. 

J, 900. 

Kahler, 949. 
Kaine, 268. 
Kalbfus, 1319. 
Kantner, 814. 
Karl IV, 805. 
Karsdorp, 148. 
Kassel, 142. 

Kauffman, 680-86, 1390. 
Kay, 473. 

Kayingwaurto, 608. 
Kearns, 167. 
Keck, 700-09, 1390. 
Keeler, 482. 
Keenan, 1160. 
Keene, 1223. 
Keep, 243. 
Keim, 19. 
Keiser, 716. 
Keith, 457. 
Keller, 684. 
Kelley, 498, 650. 
Kellog, 757, 1368. 
Kellogg, 623, 1211. 
Kelly, 250, 650. 
Kemmerer, 874. 
Kemper, 1146. 
Kendall, 247, 455. 
Kennady, 722. 
Kennedy, 542, 1226-27, 1369. 
Kent, 459, 1068. 
Kenyon, 1373. 
Kenzie, 961. 
Kerns, 237. 
Keokuk, 1105. 
Kesler, 220. 

Ketcham, 26, 30,64,85,135,229,70, 
• v, 509, 67,919, vii, 1157, 1240- 

42. 85, 97-9 8 - 
Keyder, 149. 
Keyes, 1176. 
Keys, 963-64. 
Keyser, 144, 854. 
Kidder, v, 33, 39, 51, 60, 71, ^25, 

240-45, 397. v, 559> "21, 75-77, 

98, 1204, 20, 83, 1312-13,30. 
Kilgore, 199. 
Killbuck, 523. 
Kilpatrick, 234, 378. 
Kimberlin, 667. 
Kimble, 452, 955, 1147. 
King, 23, 706, 09, 920, 1096, 1275, 

Kingman, vii, 558, 6:9, 24, 766, 

Kingsbury, 26, 317, 91, 881-82, 

1289, 91. 
Kingsley, 340-42, 1042-43, 48-49. 
Kinney, 227, 475, 613, 1055-56, 

1107, 1314. 
Kinsey, 179, 795, 980-81. 
Kipp, 923, 
Kirby, 608. 
Kirk, 344, 688, 1294. 
Kirkbride, 542. 
Kirkendall, 25, 513. 
Kirkpatrick, 816, 1170, 75. 

Kirkoff, 574. 

Kirtland, 877, 1036. 

Kishbauch, 949. 

Kisner, 38, 96, 310-13, 549. 

Klader, 181. 

Klein, 549. 

Kline, 39, 349-51, 74, 7 88 > 9 01 - 

Klintob, 961. 

Klotz, 547-48. 

Knapp, 39, 594, 873, 912, 67-69, 

Knauss, 560. 
Knorr, 419. 
Knowles, 1210. 
Knox, 253, 750, 997. 
Kobar, 683. 
Koch, 1336. 
Koester, 749. 
Kolb, 138-49. 
Kolb, see Kulp. 
Koon, 39, 58-59, 1183. 
Koons, 354, 560, 1171, 83,1229-30, 

Kotz, 1013. 
Kramer, 1249. 
Krouse, S47. 
Kuhn, 58. 
Kulp, 25, 38, 79, 105-06, 38-59, 

76-78, 458, 626, 767, 853, 961, 

1325, 83, 85. 
Kunkle, 439. 
Kuster, 144. 
Kyle, 1095. 

La Barre, 636. 
Ladd, 665, 969 
Lafayette, 171, 367, 708, 879, 1010, 

Lake, 175. 
Lamb, 40, 448, 960-61, 87, 1081, 

Lamberton, 25, 27-28, 251-82, 920. 

Lambyrton, 252. 
Lameroux, 545. 
Lamertine, 718. 
Landis, 144, 

Landmesser, 39, 475-76,798, 1388. 
Landon, 270, 1041-42. 
Lane, 508-09, 1245, 1315. 
Lanehart, 729. 
Langford, 611. 
Laning, 20, 366, 1096, 1358. 
Lape, 136. 
La Perouse, 174. 
La Porte, 170, 73, 503. 
Larned, 808-14, 1391. 
Larrabee, S49. 
Larrish, 712. 
Lathrop, 39, 246, 562, 841, 48, 57- 

62, 66, 68, 969, 96, 97, 1109, 69, 
Lathrope, 26, 39, 58, 496, 901-02, 

°7, 5°> IO °7> 1 1 69. 
Latimer, 843. 
Laud, 285, 778, 858. 
Lauderbach, 685. 
Lavoisier, 974. 
Law, 26, 622. 
Lawrence, 576, 686. 
Lawton, 744. 
Lazarus, 494, 609. 
Lea, 129. 

Leach, 429, 53, 994-95 
Learning, 1052. 
Lear, 1324. 
Learned, 808-11. 
Learned, see Larned. 

Leavens, 811-12. 

Leavenworth, 60, 1311. 

LeClerc, 1182, 94. 

Ledlie, 1128. 

Ledyard, 1244. 

Lee, 119, 166, 272, 428, 461-62, 511, 

649, 74, 844,63, 1004-07,64,79-80, 

1208, 25-26, 1315, 51. 
Leete, 1108 
Leffingwell, 1109. 
Lehr, 865. 
Leidig, 944. 
Leidy, 806, 922. 
Leighton, 440. 

Leisenring, 839, 945-47, I2 93- 
Lemon, 269. 
Lenahan, 131, 283, 440-42, 557-59, 

774, 1385, 87-89. 
Lengwicke, 1068. 
Lenhart, 905. 
Leonard, 243, 405-6, 1301. 
Leopold, 892. 
Lescher, 319. 
Leslie, 429, 908, 31. 
LeTeilier, 547. 
Levan, 410, 705-6. 
Lewis, 25-26, 39, 43, 119, 60-61, 

63, 246, 67-68, 371, 418, 39, 82- 

86, 535, 65, 85, 703, 10, 45, 72, 

96, 817-24, 97, 1159, I2 35, 45, 

60-6 t, 1306, 23. 
Lievens, 793. 
Liggett, 44, 1007. 
Lightfoot, 519. 
Lincoln, 7, 9, 43, 48, 267-68, 469, 

681, 83, 907, 1045, 1109, 79, 89, 

1241, 74- 
Linderman, 1008-13. 
Lindner, 550. 
Lindsley, 366-67, 593. 
Line, 977. 
Lines, 868. 

Linn, 308, 572, 1153, 1283. 
Lippincott, 309, 455, 825, 1329. 
Little, 422, 98, 750-52, 851, 908,15, 

28, 38, 69, 1002, 1191, 1220. 
Livey, 885. 
Livingston, 1067. 
Llewellyn, 554. 
Lloyd, 149, 372. 
Lock, 600 
Locke, 37, 1110. 
Lockhart, 1012. 
Lockwood, 812. 
Loftus, 447, 994. 
Logan, 256, 372, 409, 942, 68-69. 
Long, 25, 210, 468-69, 684, 1388. 
Longfellow, 528. 
Longley, 119. 

Longstreet, 36, 690, 873, 1284-85. 
Longstreth, 548, 586. 
Lonsdale, 129, 1392. 
Loomis, 26, 39, 413, 674, 771-73, 

906-8, 31, 1141. 
Loop, 292-98. 
Lord, 116-17, 334, 61, 546, 907, 

1036, 64. 
Lorah, 1385. 
Loring, 969. 
Lossee, 411. 
Lossing, 792. 

Lothropp, 778, 857, 59-60, 902. 
Lothropp,see Lathrop, Lathrope. 
Louis XIV, 545-46. 
Louis XVI, 172, 893, 1358. 
Louis Phillippe, 173, 1358. 
Lovat (Lord), 775. 
Love, 1.82, 1376. 
Loveland, 26, 39, 61-62, 84, 1198. 

Index of Names. 


Lovell, 987. 

Lowenstein, 1315. 

Lowrie, 459, 720, 1159. 

Lowry, 270, 74, 905. 

Lucas, 756. 

Lueder, 862. 

Lukens, 519. 

Lukins, 637. 

Lumbert, 971. 

Lunt, 380. 

Lusk, 851,937-38. 

Luther, 139, 1008. 

Lyman, 317, 321-23, 57, 906, mo, 

Lynch, 25, 282-85, 356, 441, 88, 

553, 73. 610, 1013, 1386, 88. 
Lynde, in. 
Lynn, 299, 562, 1282. 
Lyon, 258. 
Lyson, 109. 
Lytle, 262, 64. 

Macalester, 1160-61. 

Macauley, 278, 444. 

Macbeth, 203. 

Macdonald, 90. ' 

Macintosh, 1263. 

Mack, 907, 1388. 

Mackenzie, 1067. 

Maclay, 1085. 

Macmanus, 1153. 

Maconaquah, 342. 

MacVeagh, 84, 685. 

Madill, 391. 

Madison, 317, 1046, 1092, 1105, 46, 

1275, 1343. 
Maffet, 294-95, 1259. 
Maffett, 66, 531, 1260. 
Maffit, 789, 1099. 
Magee, 532-33,817, 1388. 
Maguire, 806. 

Mahon, 250-51, 853, 924, 59, 1386. 
Maintenon, (Madame dt), 547. 
Maiss, 479. 
Malcolm, 203. 
Mallalieu, 417. 
Mallery, v, r, 15, 48, 98, 337-33, 

393-94, v, 824, 972, vii, 1083-S6, 

90, 96,99, mi-12, 17-20, 37, 42, 

49, 81, 1218-19, 61, 75. 
Mangan, 573. 
Mann, 629, 711. 
Manning, 635-36. 
Manville, 1210. 
Mapledoram, 970. 
Marble, 429. 

Marcy, 320, 812, 1041, 1230, 1386. 
Margaret of Anjou, 403, 577. 
Marischal, 457. 
Markham, 1281. 
Markling, 458. 
Marr, 1118. 
Marshall, 25, 643, 757. 
Martin, 10, 16, 39, 542, 56-57.642, 

823, 9 J 3- 
Marvin, 186, 493. 
Mary of Scotland, 194. 
Mason, 662, 1088, 1217. 
Masterson, 535, 1389. 
Mather, 149, 243. 
Mathers, 626-27, 817, 1389. 
Matter, 716. 
Mattes, 527. 
Matthew, Father. 1378. 
Matthews, 135, 970. 
Maus, 973. 
Maverick, 1228. 
Maxwell, 24, 26-28, 86, 134, 604, 

8 3 2 -33. 36, 39. 9° 2 > IOI 7. "68- 
69, 1279-80. 

May, 1002. 

Mayer, 11 70. 

Maynard, 268, 415. 

Mayo, 1143. 

McAlarney, 533-35, 696, 1388. 

McAlister, 957. 

McAllister, 1153. 

McAloon, 421. 

McAlpine, 776. 

McAtee, 677-79. 

McCall, 413, 511, 890. 

McCalmount, 269. 

McCanna, 625. 

McCarrachen, 846. 

McCarragher, 51. 

McCartney, 39, 66, 73, 427-3', 
539-40, 58, 855, 1227, 1387. 

McCarty, 543. 

McClellan, 8, 274-75, 400, 1162. 

McClintock, 3, 23-30, 38, 40, 48, 
86, 100, 17, 29, 97, 247, 89, 367, 
456, 99-504,776,85,689,91,1119, 
27. 41, 91, 1223, 35, 39, 75, 82, 
97,1312, 16, 54, 59, 71, 83. 

McCloskey, 904 

McClure, 258, 70, 369, 608, 1001, 

McCollum, 1189. 

McComb, 1121. 

McConnell, 268, 838. 

McCoy, 471, 672, 981-82, 1314. 

McCord, 1294. 

McCormick, 553, 988. 

McCranney, 407. 

McCulloch, 1222. 

McCullough, 947, 1351. 

MoDaniel, 548. 

McOivitt, 39,987-88. 

McDonald, 239, 421, 72, 1322. 

McDormott, 910. 

McDowell, 46, 461-62, 649, 1215. 

McEwen, 129,1. 

McFarland, 999-1001. 

McGahren, 444, 535-36, 624, 730. 

McGavin, 924. 

McGee, 568. 

McGinness, 940. 

McGinty, 56S, 825. 

McGoldrick, 1174. 

McGovern, 773-74, 1390. 

McGourty, 699. 

McGroarty, 25,440. 

McHugh, vi. 

Mclntire, 532. 

Mclntyre, 425. 

Mcllvane, 23. 

McKarrachan, 641, 44, 846. 

McKarrican, 104 1. 

McKean, 95, 208, 13, 6_i, 82, 821, 

1060, 99, 1150, 72., 457. 
McKeehan, 261. 
McKeehen, 257-58. 
McKinley, 1322. 
McKinney, 1074, 61, 1299, 
McKinstry, 811. 
McKune, 941-43. 
McLean, 39, 283,98-301, 56, 514, 

39, 73, 691, 976, 1012, 1037. 
McLcllan, 697, 1162, 
McManus, 553-54. 
McMillan, 451. 
McMinn, 769. 
McMuitne, 455. • 
McNeish, 699. 
McQuillan, 1322. 
Mcbhane, 1081. 

McVannon, 667. 

McVeagh, 460. 

McVeigh, 1375. 

Meade, 272 

Mecklam, 941. 

Meek, 836,967. 

Meixell, 729-30, 1390. 

Melick, 738-40, 914. 

Mellows, 165. 

Melshimer, 1352. 

Menno, 139-40. 


Mercer, 129. 

Mercur, 25, 960. 

Meredith, 19, 400, 817, 36, 967, 

1097-98, 1151, 58-59, 80. 
Merkel, 681. 
Merriam, S42. 

Merrifield,853-56,83, 1032, 1286-87. 
Merriman, 25, 86, 230, 920, 70, 

Merryman, 126. 
Merwyne, 641. 
Messchert, 458. 
Messemer, 1352. 
Messenger, 165. 
Messinger, 584, 1390. 
Metcalf, 165, 416, 1234-35. 
Mettler, 923, 1312. 
Metzger, 517. 
Meylert, 1223, 88. 
Meylin, 144. 
Michael, 537. 
Mifflin, 259-60, 345, 564, 1053, 

55. ii74, 1337, 4i. 

Miles, 152, 176-78, 451. 

Miller, 26, 39, 100, 120-22, 44, 49, 
75, 211, 68, 308, 54, 417, 433, 49, 
54, 593-94, 699,836,911,21, 49-50, 
62,1033-34, 1214-15,34, 1333-34. 

Mills, 451, 583-86, 624,905, 1391. 

Miner, 1, 26, 42-44, 52, 66, 157, 
295, 3°6, 35, 4°, 4i, 86, 464, 485, 
506, 30-31, 96, 601, 29, 49, 68, 
747, 833,1007,48,53,56,1101,26, 
38, 41, 60, 1216, 26, 46-59, 1260. 

75, 1343-44,47, 9 2 - 
Minor, 1083, 88. 
Minturn, 794. 
Mitchell, 153, 268, 333, 554, 668, 

9 1 , 74', 69, 897-98, 921, 9^9, 

1013, 1296, 1372,91. 
Moeser, 449. 
Moeser, see Mosier 
Moffit, 1041. 
Mohler, 683. 
Molick, 739-40. 
Molick, see Melick 
Molines, 305. 
Momauguin, 185. 
Monaghan, 268, 515. 
Monies, 1290. 
Monroe, 317, 714. 
Monson, 163. 
Montague(La), 1070. 
Montgomery, 204, 55,79,3;^ 1 
Montooth, 1372. 
Montross, 538. 
Moon, 1376. 
Moore, 204, 40, 78, 617-18, 1 1 75, 

1300, 89. 
Mouland, 982. 
Morville, 255. 
Morey, 794. 
Morey, see Mowry. 
Morgan, 234, 309, 818, 938, 1179. 
Morrill, 430, 633 
Morris, 171, 517, 42, 820, 65, 930, 

1102, 1249, 1358, 78-79. 


Index of Names. 

Morrison, 576. 

Morse, 25, 55 225, 45-47, 13S6. 

Morss, 1036-38. 

Morton, 409, 859. 

Moseley, 1041. 

Mosier, 39, 449"5 2 , i3°7- 

Moss, 245-46, 449. 

Mosser, 449. 

Mott, 385, 580, 1008, 38. 

Mountjoy, 237. — 

Mower, 910. 

Mowry, 794. 

Muhlenburg, 260, 1150, 1388. 

Muirhead, 608. 

Mulford, 314. 

Mullens, 25. 

Muller, 65. 

Mulligan, 911, 1379. 

Mullins, 305, 748, 1274. 

Mumma, 681. 

Munson, 163, 1217. 

Murfee, 436, 812-13. 

Murphy, 559, 642, 728, 812-13, 

i3°5, 9°- 
Murray, 87, 97, 204, 53, 542, 722, 

832-34, 1054-56, 94. 
Musser, 206. 
Myer, 790, 1085. 
Myers, 25, 181, 629-31, 36, 39-40, 

48-50, 726, 856-57, 935, 1057, 

1 136, 1221, 28-29, 1307, 23, 64- 

Mygett, 909. 

Nagle, 1105. 

Naglee, 77. 

Napier, 769. 

Napoleon, 173, 539, 893-94. 

Nash, 149, 184-86, 364, 968. 

Natt, 22. 

Neal, 63. 

Neilson, 1069. 

Neisser, 1337. 

Nelson, 318, 338, 85, 466, 509, 69, 

715, 1207, 40. 
Nesbit, 1043. 
Nesbitt, 40, 205, 16, 18, 507-08, 72, 

934, 1042-43, 'J38. ' 
Nettleton, 657. 
Neuer, 1391. 
Neville, 1293. 
Newberry, 368. 
Newbold, 542. 
Newbury, 583, 889, 1234. 
Newman, 185. 
Nichol, 866. 
Nichols, 39, 24<;, 437, 42-45, 92, 

536, 59-61, 618, 734, 1007, io, 

Nicholson, 25, 56, 61, 63, 69, 71, 


S72, 85,901, 65, 1197-98, 1238, 

83-84, 1330, 4°- 
Niebel, 1227 
Ninigrate, 662. 
Nisbet, 457. 
N iver, 926. 
Nixon, 243. 
Noailles. (de), 171. 
Noble, 261, 384, 861, 1169, 77. 
Norman, 721-22. 
Norris, 94, 1173, 1286. 
North, 268, 657, 911. 
Northam, 751. 
Norton, 749, 874. 
Nott, 15, 367. 
Noyes, 61, 747. 

Oakes, 960. 
Oakley, 164. 
O'Boyle, 659-60, 1390. 
O'Brien, 1279. 
O'Callaghan, 900. 
O'Collins, 1107. 
O'Connor, 749,1334. 
Offa, 577. 

O'Flaherty, 39, 969-70. 
Ogden, 633-37, 962-63, 1067. 
O'Hanlan, 356. 

O'Hanlon, 39, 204-05, 959, 1363. 
Ojidirk, 340. 
Oldage, 164. 
Olin, 1241. 
Oliver, 791, 920. 
Olmstead, 1034. 
O'Mara, 924. 

O'Neill, 25, 225, 235-40, 440, 72, 
996, 1386. 

Opp,39, 4 22 " 2 3, 6 9 8 - 

Ord, 841. 

Organ, 380. 

Orr, 637, 976-77, 1015. 

Orton, 15, 66, 98, 657, 1148-49. 

Otto, 707, 1084. 

Osborne, 38, 87, 164-69, 321, 413, 

33,568,785,883,906, 17,25, 984, 

1126, 99, 1372, 86. 
Osmond, 449. 
Osterhout, 95, 222, 31, ^94, 909, 

50, 83, 1006, 1313-19, 1360. 
Oswald, 684, 1 190. 
Otis, 55, 970-7 1 - 
Ousamequin, 352. 
Overfield, 450-51. 
Overton, 1095-96, 1102, 
Owen, 1062, 1244, 

Packer, 268, 400, 897-9S, 935, 997, 
1013, 1140, 79, 1347, 74. 

Pagan, 1003. 

Pagan, see Paine. 

Page, 320, 598. 

Paine, 26, 39, 207,26-27,96,339,461, 
520-21,62, 1003-07, 1143-46, 1316, 

33. 9 2 - 
Painter, 39, 921, 1127. 
Palgrave, 254. 
Palmer, 26, 30, 38, 71, 79, 152, 

194-203, 15, 354, 71, 444, 80, 512, 

93, 699, 785, 1007,15,60-61, 1113, 

1286, 98, 1312, 86, 92. 
Pannebecker, 767. 
Pannebecker, see Pennypacker. 
Pardee, 310-11, 1258. 
Park, 720. 

Parke. 95, 531, 7'9- 2, 5, 63, 1139-40. 
Parker, 119, 364, 425, 916, 1033, 

Parks, 435, 1041. 
Parrish, 26, 593-95, 602, 1125,1301. 
Parsons, 32, 115, 243-44, 446, 90, 

513, 39. 52, 67, 609, 788, 92, 823, 

29-31. 1015. 
Partridge, 1180. 
Pastorius, 372. 
Patrick, 39, 68-69, 7 1 . 2IO > ^ 1 7> 

538, 856. 996-97. 
Patten, 268. 
Patterson, 165,290, 307, 562, 633, 

715, 889,987, 1391. 
Pattison, 468, 980, 1381. 
Patton, 730-35. 
Paul, 1281. 
Paulding, 265. 
Pauling, 596. 
Pawlings, 1143. 

Payen, 1003. 

Payen, see Paine. 

Payn, 1003. 

Payn, see Paine. 

Payne, 11, 26, 30, 38, 101, 226-33, 
475, 547, 67, 674, 7 2 8, 748, 8 J2, 
14, 930, 1003-07, 1143, 86, 1316. 

Payne, see Paine. 

Pay son, 88, 882. 

Peabody, 297. 

Peale, 1105. 

Pearce, 436, 587, 847, 1245, 71-74. 

Peart, 180. 

Pease, 11^6. 

Peck, 76, 208, 11,46, 444, 495,638, 
50.67, 755, 75, 879, 966-67, 94, 
1063. 1196, 1244-45, 51, I 39°- 

Peckham, 852, 948, 1209-10. 

Peeler, 1257. 

Peironnet, 350. 

Pell, 903. 

Pendleton, 8, 746-48, 50. 

Penn, 2, 91, 189, 344, 554, 701, 6, 
835, 989, 1166, 1281, 1327-28. 

Pennington, 1078. 

Penny, 270, 73, 

Pennypacker, 147, 372, 767. 

Pepperill, 1133. 

Pepys, 1020. 

Perkins, 295, 334, 530-31, 849, 

IIJ o, 33- 
Perry, mo. 
Perse, 610. 

Peter the Great, 1332-33. 
Peter the Hermit, 194. 
Peterman, 1142. 
Peters, 41, 205, 613, 1008. 
Peterson, 700. 
Petit, 1169. 
Petriken, 268. 
Pettebone, 20, 460-65,617, 49, 871, 

1138-39, 1381. 
Petty, 626, 1180. 
Pfouts, 25, 1320-22. 
Phelps, 50, 290, 598, 757, 59, 99, 

800, 1204, 07-08. 
Philbin,25, 959, 1362-63. 
Phillip (King;, 175,227,353,1176, 

J 344- 
Philips, 123, 1042. 
Phillips, 290,716,24,92,899,914, 


Phinney, 594, 848. 

Phoenix, 1002. 

Piatt, 670, 726, 1220. 

Pickens, 880. 

Pickering, 215, 19,93,96, 1042-46, 

53-55, i 22 3, 1356, 69- 
Picket, 950. 
Pier, 538. 
Pierce, 228, 337, 495, 606-07, 2I i 

2 3, 2 7, 41-42, 44, 46, 937, 1040- 

4i. 84, 1349, 7°- 
Pierrepont, 1108, 10. 
Pierson, 55, 168, 542. 
Piggins, 812. 
Pike, vii; 25, 39, 652, 1278-79, 

Pilmore, 716. 
Pinney, 978. 
Piollet, 268, 539. 
Piper, 107, 816. 
Pitcher, 965-67. 
Pittinger, 514. 
Piatt, 315, 1202-08. 
Playford, 29. 
Plaza (de la), 1071. 
Pleasants, 412. 
Plotz, 25,242,547-48. 

Index of Names. 


Plowman, 867. 

Plum, 657. 

Plumb, 132-34, 225, 323, 603-06, 28, 

Plunkett, 205, 304, 639, 1125, 1215. 
Poland, 318. 
Polk, 5, 59,99, 306,716,886,1154- 

55, 1275-76, 94, i3 2 9- 
Pollock, 19, 354, 998, 1212, 
Polly, 1215. 
Pope, 1100. 
Popham, 109. 
Porter, 23-24, 191, 210, 490, 584, 

718, 63, 825, 91, 986, 1004-15, 33, 

99, 1151, 53, 64, 1224, 1231, 58. 
Post, 39, 324, 909, 15, 38, 776,93 8 , 

78, 1031-32, 1189, 1231, 1308-10. 

Posthelwait, 259. 
Potosky, 174. 
Potter, 290, 442, 582, 763, 1 128, 

Powell, 33, 371-S4, 802, 1086, 1385. 

Power, 923. 

Pratt, 493-94, 840, 1293. 

Prentice, 287, 843, 1063. 

Prentis, 743. 

Pressler, 1390. 

Price, 39, 651-52, 799, 951-59, I28 4- 

Priddy, 677. 

Priestley 1077. 

Prince, 1143. 

Pringle, 508 

Prior, 1000. 

Pritchett, 374. 

Proctor, 76. 

Proud, 818. 

Prudden, 364. 

Pruner, 32, 1235. 

Pryor, 1374. 

Pursel, 25, 872. 

Pursell, 874. 

Purviance, 19, 266. 

Pusey, 372, 889. 

Puterbaugh, 25, 283. 

Putnam, 415, 1181. 

Pynchon, 763-64. 

Pyne, 1000. 

Quackenbos, 793. 
Quarterman, 721. 
Quay, 1372. 
Quick, 1322. 
Quincy, 791. 
Quinn, 64. 

Raeder, 25, 788-98, ix. 

Rafferty, 905. 

Rahn, 170. 

Rahn, see Rhone. 

Ramsay, 95. 

Ramsey, 542. 

Ranck, 39, 418, 913-14, 39-40. 

Rand, 1028. 

Randall, 25, 176, 268, 421, 681, 744- 

45, 885, 99, 1148, 83, 93, 1234-3S, 
Randolph, 408, 542, 1045, 1217 . 
Rank, 39, 939-43. 
Rank, see Ranck. 
Rankin, 25, 11S3, 1263-64 
Ransom, 331, 62, 85-89, 385, 432 

529-30, 79, 641, 98, 958, 1311. 
Rathbone. 506. 
Rawle, 1092, 1132. 
Ray, 774. 

Raymond, 164, 416, 990. 
Read, 19, 95, 1097, 1186. 

Reagan, 24, 421. 

Redfield, 758. 

Red Jacket, 1105. 

Reed, 820, 38, 911, 36, 1138, 1214, 

82, 1312. 
Rees, 520. 
Reese, 716. 

Reeve, 930, 1053-54, 65. 
Reeves, 1104. 
Regan, 25, 179,904, n. 
Reichard, 25, 469-70, 789, 874, 

Reichel, 706. 
Reigart, 458. 
Reilly, 574. 
Reiner, 149. 
Rencourt (de), 976. 
Reynolds, viii, 25, 34, 39, 210, 91, 

365,67,495-98, 544, 7 [ 7- 18 , 77- 

87, 99- 960, ix, 1197,1285, 1315- 

Rhodes, 835-36, 903, 1186. 
Rhoads, 144, 519, 835. 
Rhone, 79, 152, 65, 70-83, 356, 

441 , 72, 88, 643, 94, 96, 714, 897, 

910, 81, 84-85, 1268, 1383, 86. 
Rice, 38, 50, 87, 96, 135, 79, 228, 

244,83, 99, 3 12 , 55-59, 4i°, *3, 

17, 44, 514, 31, 92, 603, 25, 920, 

59, 1002, 116S, 99, 1267-68, 1383, 

Richards, 100, 102-03, 114-19, 309, 

338, 570, 608, 743, 938, 87, 1007, 

1298, 1301. 
Richardson, 316-25, 542, 89, 656, 

Richmond, 297. 
Richter, 740. 
Ricketts, 72-73,101,5-8,22, 225-26, 

31, 42, 47, 616, 70, 773, 83, 816-17 

965, 1037, 94, 1382, 84. 
Rickey, 914. 
Rider, 668. 
Ridgway, 1177. 
Riggs, 723, 1228. 
Rinas, 544. 
Ringler, 419. 
Ritner, 244, 376, 93, 602, 1092, 

1112, 50, 65. 
Rittenhouse, 518-20, 22, 1173. 
Robb, 936, 1142, 1224. 
Robbins, 75, 97, 414, 542, 601. 
Robert (King), 253. 
Robert, I, 252. 
Roberts, 11, 268, 77, 300, 649, 799, 

803, 1366. 
Robertson, 159, 451. 
Robeson, 829, 1281. 
Robespierre, 893. 
Robins, 598. 
Robinson, 13, 39, 43, 185, 335, 68, 

446-47, 484, 671, 735, 900-01, 

1184, 1294-95,1347. 
Rochefoucauld, 173. 
Rockafellow, 95. 
Rockefeller, 400, 1001, 1312. 
Rockhill, 1281. 
Rock wood, 709. 
Rodgers, 656. 
Roddy, 268. 
Roe, 966. 
Roeser, 516. 

Rogers, 55, 770,900, 1042, 1278. 
Rohn, 1261. 
Rollin, 518. 
Ronaldson, 1346. 
Rooper, 105 1. 
Roosevelt, 1068. 
Roper, 1051. 

Rose, 439, 593, 920, 94, 1351. 
Ross, 20, 216, 93-96, 437, 62-63, 
563-64,680, 782, 819-21, 52, co- 
67,9 I 5,35, 76, "18, 43,97. 
50, 80,, 1302, 74. 
Rossiter, 747. 

Rothermel, 565. 

Rothrock, 426. 

Rouderbush, 807. 

Roumfort, 268. 

Rounds, 1209. 

Rowe, 1131. 

Rowland, 55. 

Roworth, 78. 

Royal, 307. 

Royce, 382, 920-21, 53, 

Royce, see Rice. 

Rua (de la), 1126. 

Rufus, (William), 402. 

Ruggles, 133, 604-05. 

Rupp, 681, 692. 

Rush, 703, 89,820,1058-60,78,1218. 

Russel, 286, 409, 71S. 

Russell, 690, 850, 923. 

Rust, 789. 

Ruth, 1324. 

Ruthven, 1022. 

Rutledge. 904. 

Rutter, 96, 772. 1353-54. 

Ryman, 39, 438-39, 86, 69 

Ryndertz, 140. 

Ryswick, 862. 


S iddler, 718. 

Sahm, 424-26. 

Salisbury, 1189. 

Saltonstall, 103, 16, 809, 75, 1050. 

Sanderson, 39, 26S, 878, 94, 926, 

36, 1288-92. 
Sands, 1068. 
Santee, 610, 1257. 
Satterlee, 216, 18. 
Savage, 576, 869. 
Sawyer, 427. 
Say, 1352. 
Saye, 660. 
Saylor, 467. 
Sayre, 982-83, 1184. 
Scanlan, 440. 
Scates, 1177. 
Schattenger, 159. 
Schemmelfinnig, 78. 
Schenck, 941. 
Schoepff, 521. 
Schofield, 841. 
Schooley, 697. 
Schrader, 1300. 
Schrage, 206. 
Schropp, 523, 127^. 
Schultze, 1387-88. 
Schumacher, 138, 767. 
Schuyler, 423, 790,92-93. 
Schwartz, 156,937. 
Scofield, 635, 40. 
Scott, 33, 182, 221, 242, 390-402 

446, 60, 550, 77, 771, IO76, 9 C , 

1101-02, 18, 60. 77, 85, 88, 

I2 i3, 75, 83, 1380. 
Scouton, 735-36. 
Scran ton, 21, 167, 526-28, 854,906, 

35-36, 62, 1026, 1237, 89, 99. 

1372, 86. 
Scudder, 891. 
Scull, 45. 
Seaborn, 1 186. 
Sealy, 131. 
Seamans, 250. 


Index of Names. 

Searle, 429, 950, 1216, 54-57, 1302, 

Sears, 383. 

Secord, 598, 601. 

Secoy, see Secord. 

Seddon, 1334. 

Sedgwick, 428. 

Seeley, 616, 985-86. 

Seely, 662, 71. 

Seelye, 732. 

Seilheimer, 789. 

Seldon, 506. 

Sele, 660. 

Selleck, 676. 

Sellers, 19, 149-50, 519, 1151. 

Selwyn, 429. 

Sergeant, 820, 1092, 1151. 

Sevigne (Madame de), 547. 

Seward, 616, 1199. 

Sewell, 791. 

Seybert, 310-n, 851, 1286. 

Seymour, 275, 1148. 

Seys, 1258. 

Seyster, 557. 

Shafer, 696, 910, 1288. 

Shaffer, 696-97. 

Shaftesbury, 89. 

Shakespeare, 195. 

Shankle, 686. 

Shannon, 268, 996. 

Sharp, 833. 

Sharpe, 839. 

Sharpensteins, 1139. 

Sharps, 1139. 

Sharswood, 1122, 34, 57. 

Shaver, 696-98, 817, 1390. 

Shaver, see Shaffer. 

Shay, 371. 

Sheather, 877. 

Shee, 1010 

Sheffield, 339. 

Sheldon, 323. 

Shelly, 677-79. 

Shennan, 509. 

Shepherd, 1029, 1292. 

Sheridan, 458. 

Sherman, 76, 234, 412, 831,49, 901, 
40, 1041, 50, 1293. 

Sherrerd, 224,880,909-10, 1279-81. 

Sherwood, 762. 

Shindel, 946-47. 

Shipman, 498. 

Shoemaker, 26, 38-39, 45-50, 100- 
01, n, 13, 2S-30, 44, 202, 33- 
35, 249-50, 39 1 , 462, 75, 512, 638, 
40, 49, 782, 1037, 111, 57, 89, 1130, 
42, 65, 1207, 27, 40, 59, 1372, 
83, 91-92. 

Shonk, 39, 541-48, 610, 98, 1388-89. 

Shortz, 564-66, 760, 961, 1387, 89. 

Shreve, 904. 

Shriner, 834. 

Shugert, 1167. 

Shultze, 128, 1186. 

Shulze, 295, 311, 53. 

Shuman, 680. 

Shunk, 51, 503, 1100, 54, 1231. 

Shupp, 388. 

Sibert, see Seybert. 

Sickler, 1363. 

Sickles, 35. 

Sieger, 679. 

Siegfried, 1249, 1364. 

Siewers, 66, 838. 

Sigourney, mo. 

Siikman, 637, 1182-83, 1236, 63. 

Sill, 47, 119, 638, 1088. 

Silliman, 929, 1349-50, 92. 

Sim, 1224. 

Simcoe, 1045. 

Simon, 517, 76. 

Simons, 138,288. 

Simpson, 51, 816, 1021, 1370. 

Simrell, 39, 1324-25. 

Sipman, 767.* 

Siroc, 473. 

Sisson, 745, 965. 

Sisty, 838. 

Sitgreaves, 1051, 1130. 

Sittser, 984. 

Sively, 1321. 

Skeel, 623. 

Skiff, 484. 

Skiles, 770. 

Skinner, 14, 988. 

Slade, 1084. 

Slauson, 622. 

Slawson, .see Slosson. 

Sleight, 280. 

Slocom, 339. 

Slocombe, 339. 

Slocum, 59, 216,21,97, 338-44, 50- 
52, 462, 649, 844, 964, 1048-49, 
1182, 94, 1206, 61, 77, 1381. 

Slosson, 74, 622-24. 

Sluman, 53, 595, 1040-41. 

Sly, 1225. 

Small, 614. 

Smallwood, 383. 

Smiles, 617. 

Smith, 25-26, 89-95, 133, 169, 
208, 11, 13, 19-22, 231, 417, 453, 

5i5, 56, 59, 67, 74, 78, 9S-9 6 , 
602, 23, 711, 21, 43, 50-51, 61, 
63, 783-84, 95, 812, 17-18, 36, 49, 
62,69-72,909,24-25,41, 72,74, 
1040-43, 47, 54, 59-60, 65, 1 1 10, 
60, 90, 1215, 77, 1303, 11-12, 14- 

15, 46, 49. 6 9, 82, 89. 
Smythe, 153. 
Snare, 149. 
Snow, 1003. 
Snovvden, 222. 
Snyder, 138, 208, 95, 392, 542, 663, 

727, 926-27, 1083, 92, 99, 1 150, 

Socrates, 518. 
Soller, 149, 458. 
Soller, see Sellers. 
Spalding, 54, 132, 218, 293, 388, 

846, 1055-56, 1291, 1356. 
Spangenberg, 373, 1336. 
Sparhawk, 1133. 
Spaulding, 331, 37, 640-41, 44, 

Speakman, 1-221. 
Spencer, 1067. 
Spinner, 749. 
Spofford, 133. 
Spoonly, 796. 
Spottswood, 1334- 
Sprague, 220, 1043, 64,- 
Spratt, 911-12. 
Sprigg, 129. 
Sprowl, 409. 
Squier, 948, 1195. 
Stacey, 718. 
Stackhouse, 804. 
St. Alban, 577. 
Stalford, 1288. 
Stamford, 306. 

Standish, 305, 72, 106c, 87, 1281. 
Stanford, 1274, 
Stanislaus, 892. 
Stanley, 915-16, 1218. 
Stanton, 23, 48, 55, 105, 487, 613, 

9 X 9, 55, 1266-67, 1370. 
Staples, 498, 658-59, 1390, 

Stark, 25, 39, 169, 229, 389-90, 451, 
552, 566-68, 781, 897, 1007, 1228- 
29, 1306-07, 69. 

Starr, 756-59, 611-13. 

Statts, 790. 

Staughton, 1065. 

St. Clair, 362, 1091. 

St. Cuthbert, 251. 

Stearns,vii,50, 213, 809, 923, 1297. 

Steele, 25, 346, 85, 88, 923, 1310, 

Steere, 85. 
Stein, 802. 
Steinbach, 726. 
Steinman, 993. 
Stenger, 277. 
Stephens, 371, 562, 744, 69-71, 958, 

Sternes, 809. 
Sterling-, 101, 295, 404, 50, 775, 

Steuben, 54. 
Stevens, 32, 174-75, 241-42, 338, 

563, 607, 48, 80, 81, 83, 95-96, 

1034, 1125, 51, 1313. 
Stevenson, 747. 
Stewart, 39, 56, 129, 205, 382, 430, 

32,67,629,34, 39,41,89,816,36, 

44-47, 970, iii., 1079,86-87, 1138, 

1226, 73, 1306, 21-22, 54, 85. 
Stickney, 45. 
Stiles, 899, 961, 1196. 
Stinson, 717. 
Stirk, 557. 
Stites, 528. 
St. John, 64, 929. 
Stocking, 114. 
Stockton, 542. 
Stoever, 458, 1387-88. 
Stone, 22, 186, 286, 483, 539, 872, 

962, 1052, 1198, 1220, 38. 
Stoneman, 841. 
Stoner, 415. 
Storm, 49S, 1013. 
Story, 542. 
Stout, 1226-27, 1270. 
Stoutenburgh, 929-30. 
Stover, 149. 
Stowell, 1092. 
St. Patrick, -237. 
Strauss, 39, 476-82, 1388. 
Straw, 727. 
Strawn, 857. 
Streater, 1139, 1351. 
Strebeigh, 1363-64. 
Streeper, 1296. 
Streeter, 8S9, 1189, 1288. 
Stroh, 626. 
Strohm, 979. 
Strong, 96, 117, 303, 67-69, 85, 413, 

509, 1041, 84, mo, 57-58. 
Strope, 391. 
Stroud, 626, 1115, 1256. 
Struthers, 1223-24. 
St. Simon, Duke of, 545. 
Stuart, 156, 258, 491, 634, 1343. 
Stubbs, 772. 
Sturdevant,vii, 14-23,39,48,61,210, 

353, 466, 88-90, 551-53, 62-64, 

817, 97°, 95,i 151,1182,1224,1381. 
Sturges, 39, 49°"94, 558, 925-26, 87, 

Sturgis, 490. 
Stute, 252. 

Stuyvesant, 491-92, 792, 1165. 
Styner, 1333-34- 
Sullivan, 54, 180, 221, 333, 87, 644, 

9'9,58,77, I °79, II 73, I2 87. l2 9 I - 
1300, 21. 

Index of Names. 


Suily, 1105. 
Sumner, 77. 
Summerfield, 444. 
Sussex, Duke of, 577. 
Sutliff, 711-12. 
Sutton, 208, 11-21, 1052. 
Swab, 961. 
Swan, 298-gg. 
Swarts, 148. 
Swartwout, 280. 
Sweatland, 1287. 
Sweet, 446. . 
Sweetser, 165. 
Sweitzer, 149. 

Swetland, 15, 210, 462, 64-66, 616- 
17,781,855,1007, 11 51, 1286,1381. 
Switt, 672, 748. 
Swineford, 998. 
Swinglius, 139. 
Swope, 9S2. 
Swoyer, 1301. 
Syester, 677. 
Sylvester, 856. 
Syphers, 848. 

Taoor, 1071. 

Taft, 725. 

Taggart, 754. 

Tainter, 395. 

Talcot, 792. 

Talleyrand, 173. 

Tallman, 1263. 

Talon, 171, 173. 

Taney, 489. 

Tarryhill, 76. 

Tattamy, 707-08. 

Taylor, 20, 25, 39, 126, 537, 54, 86- 

87, 99, 77 2 , 9 6 -97, 818, 916, 

1242-46, 74, 1376-77. 
Teasdale, 206. 
Tejada (de), 1071. 
Tecumseh, 76. 
Teeple, 949. 
Teller, 930. 
Templen, 806. 
Ten Broeck, 791. 
Terry, 368, 597, 99, 841, 47, 62, 81. 
Terwilliger, 948. 
Tha .sin, 584. 
Tharp, 59 2 "93- 
Thayer, 936. 
Theodoius, 547. 
Thomas, 55, 76, 234, 653, 835-36, 

73, JOSS, 1 1 74, 1226. 
Thomassen, 1332. 
Thompson, 318, 449-50, 658, 748, 

1075, 1122, 61, 96, 1233. 
Thomson, 95. 
Thornton, 63, 193. 
Thorntoun, 203. 
Thorp, 280, 832, 949-50. 
Thurston, 860. 
Tiffany, 464. 
Tilden, 275-76, 356, 959. 
1 ilghman, 823, 989, 1092. 
Tillen, 515 
Tobin, 904, 10-11. 
Todd, 23, 873-74, 1310. 
Tolan, 1224. 
Tolles, 835. 
Tomlinson, 858. 
Tone (Wolf), 457. 
Torrey, 39, 583, 985-87. 
Totyl, 577. 
Totyl, see Tuttle. 
Toussaint, 64. 
Tracey, 1109. 
Tracy, 1052, 1160, 1351. 

Trautman, 473. 

Trautman, see Troutman. 

Travers, 946. 

Treadway, 676, 1286. 

Treat, 869 

Treffeisen, 476. 

Tremain, 323. 

Trembath, 1376-77. 

Trenchard, 1334. 

Trescott, 174,710-11. 

Trimble, 542, 1082. 

Tripp, 340-41, 637, 962-65, 1041, 

Tritle, 425. 
Trott, 66, 98, 1160. 
Trout, 268. 

Troutman, 473-74, 685-86. 
Trowbridge, 163. 
Troxell, 25. 
Truair, 318, 20. 
Truax, 790, 1070. 
Truax, see DeTrieux. 
Truckenmiller, 998. 
Trucks, 697. 
Trumbull, 287, 322, 436, 1041, 

Trunkey, 200, 77, 878. 
Tryp, 963. 
Tryp, see Tripp. 
Tubbs, 419, 694, 778. 
Tuft, 409, 655-56. 
Tupper, 969. 
Turck, 1244. 
Turgot, 893. 

Turner, 31, 115, 206, 762. 
Turney , 990. 
Turrell, 482, 1288. 
Tuthill, 799. 
Tuttle, 461-62 577, 637, 976, 1183, 

1203, 1217-18, 1314-15 
Twining, 542. 
Tyler, 21, 68, 1090. 
Tymperton, 700. 
Tyng, 1116, 28, 76. 

Ulf, ic 9 . 

Ulman. 39, 904. 

Ulp, 676. 

Ulsig or Ulsin, 577. 

Umstat, 767-68- 

Umstead, 767-69, 1034. 

Uncas, 662, mi. 

Underwood, 916. 


Upham, 792. 

Upson, 648, 1228. 

Urquhart, 513-14, 797, 1015-16, 

1223, 40. 
Uteloch, 547. 
Utley, 388-89. 

Vail, 411, 1387. 

Vallandigham, 6-9. 

Van Arnam, 836. 

Van Bebber, 138. 

Van Bergen, 1372, 86. 

Van Braght, 141-42. 

Van Buren, 1068, 117S, 1275. 

Van Buskirk, 1389. 

Van Camp, 554-55. 

Van Campen, 20-21, 555. 

Van de Meylyn, 584. 

Vanderbelt, 935, 1323. 

Vanderheyder, 793. 

Van der Lipp, 598. 

Vandersloot, 898. 

Van Dyck, 792. 

Van Dyke, 868. 

Vane, 576, 1113. 

Van Fleet, 907, 19-20. 

Van Horn, 648-49. 

Van Home, 361. 

Vanleer, 25. 

Van Loon, 697, 1014. 

Vannan, 1386. 

Vannetta, 420. 

Van Nort, 980. 

Van Rensselaer, 369, 790. 

Van Schaick, 793. 

Van Schoick, 793. 

Van Scoten, 813. 

Van Scoten, see Benscoter. 

Van Sintern, 141. 

Van Valkenburg, 391. 

Varner, 729. 

Vaughan, 94, 518, 958. 

Vaux, 268. 

Vergennes (de), 893. 

Vernet, 1352. 

Vickery, 930, 

Vidderow, see Wodrow. 

Viele, 1068 

Vinal, 665-66. 

Vincent, 537, 1041. 

Vinney (,de), 516. 

Vinton, 1129. 

Virtue, 795. 

Voke, 861. 

VonLinderman, 1009. 

Voos (de), 141. 

Waage, 678. 

Wadhams, vii, 26, 50, 109, 14, 

215, 5°5, 613, 755-67, 99°, J ° 61 , 

1329, 84. 
Wadsworth, 166, 181, 66, 643. 
Waelder, 469, 1227-28. 
Wagner, 78. 
Waite, 506, 15. 
Wake, 830, 
Wakefield, 890. 
Wakely, 451. 
Wakeman, 832. 
Waldron, 1286. 
Wales, 652, 1109. 
Walker, 211, 415-21, 552. 
Wall, 2, 453, 1324. 
Wallace, 29, 252-55, 70, 76, 78, 

593, 77°, "3 s . I22 3, !367- 
Wallaze, 980. 
Waller, 107, 11, 448, 756, 842-44, 

1219-20, 1391. 
Walley, 994. 
Wain, 819. 
Walsh, 1378, 90. 
Walter, 1363. 
Walters, 910. 
Waltman, 985. 
Walton, 626. 
Walworth, 86, 1109. 
Wampole, 150. 
Ward, 39, 151, 451, 852-53, 79, 900, 

1S-19, 27, 44-45, 59, 1142, 87, 

1306, 63, 76. 
Warder, 395. 
Warel (de), 796. 
Warner, 1022. 
Warren, 538, 810-11, 63, 915-16, 

Washington, 54, 164, 205, 63,304, 
27, 408, 50, 520, 24, 67, 91, 600, 
714,22, 823,24, 36, 73,79,958, 
89, 98, 1012, 44-46, 91, 97, 1105, 
09, "» 35, 44, 79, I2 5 2 , 79, T 3 2 °, 


Index of Names 

Waterbury, 622. 

Whittlesly, 387. 

Woodhull, 368. 

Watkins, 196 

Widderow, see Wodrow. 

Woodin, 1352. 

Watrous, 911-12. 

Wier, 423, 542, 1389. 

Woodring, 727. 

Watson, 144, 398, 542,908, 1051. 

Wigfall, 1 133. 

Wodrow, 730, 865, 1016. 

Watt, 1076. 

Wiggins, 541. 

Woodruff, 656-57, 1067. 

Watts, 1110, 18. 

Wilcox, 742-53, 880, 1390. 

Woodward, v, 15, 19, 24-25, 


Way, 1052, 1352. 

Wilder, 242, 416. 

33, 38, 66, 71-74, 77, 81, 


Wayne, 260, 737, 1172. 

Wildman, 541. 

97-104, 16, 18, 57, 62, 210, 


Weatherly, 1195, 

Wilem, 820. 

31, 42, 7 1 , 75-76, 89, 338, 


Weaver, 788, 1300, 7, 90. 

Wilkins, 808. 

98, 400, 66, 68, 75, v, 565, 


Webb, 7, 651-52, 841 

Wilkinson, 722. 

690-91, 711, 781, 830, 856, 6£ 


Webster, 202, 383, 462. 

Willard, 39, 242, 382, 862-63, 89, 

9°5, 22, 35, 42, 72, vii, 1042 


Weeks, 561, 842. 

94, 920-21, 83, 86, 95. 

1 1 12, 20, 22, 46-64, 69, 78, 83 

9 1 , 

Weill, 1250. 

Willet, 279. 

1210-14, 34, 68, 1307, 22, 29, 


Weiser, 189. 

Willets, 815. 

9°- ^_. 

Weiss, 65S, 839, 1335-42.. 

William and Mary, 701. 

Woolsey (Cardin .1), 194. 

Weitzel, 39, 864-66, ix. 

William the Conqueror, 187, 541. 

Woolson, 1051. 

Welch, 1 1 39. 

719, 96. 

Wooster, 482, 1069. 

Weld, 757. 

William the Silent, 279. 

Worden, 977. 

Welding, 344. 

William III., 90, 1271. 

Worrall, 475, 795-98. 

Welker, 998. 

Williams, 29, 156-59, 216, 18, 27, 

Worrell, 795-98. 

Weller, 621. 

68, 309, 451, 60, 564, 610, 53-54, 

Worthington, S33, 40, 1257. 

Welles, 103, 19, 205, 15, 334,500-03, 

59, 7*3, 43, 5o, 7 2 , 94, 840, 971, 

Wortman, 610-11, r3. 

660-66, 908-10, 65, 95, 1043, 50, 

95, iii., 1184, 1253. 1310, 69. 

Wray, 258-59. 

61, 64, 84, 1117, 1358. 

Williamson, 25, 95, 1160, 1281. 

Wright, vii-viii, 2-14, 20, 


Welling, 728, 

Willing, 1102. 

38-39, 43, 56, 59, 63, 69, 

7 1 , 

Welliver, 905. 

Willinson, 576. 

128, 53, 65, 78-79, 86, 230-31 


Wells, 1, 116-17,19, 394,978-79,86, 

Willis, 352. 

42,74, 3", 24, 35,94,441,87 


1067, 1180-81, 90, 1250, 96-97. 

Williston, 882. 

v, 5°9, 14, 44, 54-56, 68, 72, 


Welsh, 1013. 

Wilmarth, 1322-23. 

713,31,61,87, 817, 24-26,48 


Welter, 686-87. 

Wilmot, vii., 1177-80. 

73, 99, 9 01 , 16 , 23, 35, 1014, 


Wenceslas, 805. 

Wilson, 39, 262, 344, 46, 428, 45, 

vi, vii, 46, 1 1 09, 17,25-26,41 


Wendell, 790-94. 

59, 533, 687, 739, 68-69, 76, 821, 

90, 1216,41,47, 49-5 1 , 59, I2 7 8 - 

Wens, 144 45. 

31, 44-45, 67-68,914-16,20, 48, 

79. 94-95, 97, !3 l6 , 25-62, 81 

Wentz, 674. 

1078, 1105, 70-72, 95, 1242-45. 

Wurts, 1169. 

Wertz, 166. 

Wiswell, 306. 

Wurtz, 1167-69, 1200. 

Wesley, 209, 374, 1137. 

Winchell, 509. 

Wyckoff, 1084. 

Wessels, 790. 

Winchester, vii., 25, 27-28, 71, 77, 

Wyer, 459- 

West 205, 517-18, 882, 88, 1167. 


Wyllys, 55. 

Westcott, 713, 992. 

Windecker, 391. 

Wyman, 808. 

Westerhouse, 662. 

Winslow, 380, 1085, mo, 94. 

Wyngaart, 791. 

Westler, 239, 1391. 

Wintermoot, 328, 621. 

Wynkoop, 549, 84, 

Weston, 619, 986. 

Winters, 727. 

Wynne, 989. 

Westwood, 672. 

Winthrop, 175, 316, 22,24,404, 583, 

Wynton, 254. 

Wetherby, 948. , 

747,62, 78, 808-09, 99°> I °83,i I1 6, 

WethereU, 268. 


Weytzel, see Weitzel. 

Winton, 26, 39, 291, 417, 8S3-87, 

Yardley, 542. 

Whaling, 1209, 90. 


Yarrington, 496, 776. 

Whalley, 1108. 

Wires, 632. 

Yates, 412. 

Wharton, 829, 1093, 1115, 32. 

Wirtz, 1167-68. 

Yeager, 1365. 

Wheat, 916. 

Wirtz, see Wurtz. 

Yeates, 205, 1060, 1125. 

Wheaton, 654-58. 

Wise, 1390. 

Yniestra, 1126. 

Wheeler, 765, 832, 89, 927, 1202. 

Wishart, 252-53. 

Yocum, 144. 

Wheelock, 1109. 

Wisner, 385, 828. 

York, 596-602. 

Wheelwright, 809. 

Witherell, 809. 

York, Archbishop of, 194. 

Whipple, 710, 812, 915. 

Witherow, 720. 

Yorsten, 795. 

White, 66, 273, 404, 54, 518, 666, 

Witherow, see Wodrow. 

Yost, 1257. 

73-74, 738, 7 1 , 837, 53. IO °°, 28, 

Wodrow, 1016-23. 

Young, 383, 678-79, 1277. 

46, 1115, 1246. 

Wolcott, 1064. 

Whitefield, 374. 

Wolf, 5, 15, 12S, 680, 871, 949, 

Whitemore, 656, 62. 

1084, 1120, 40, 49-50, 86, 1262. 

Zeigler, 25, 142. 

White Eyes, 523. 

Wolfe, 279, 734, 75, 1186. 

Zirnhelt, 1386. 

Whitlock, 1176,1363. 

Wolsey, 853. 

Zimmerman, 144. 

Whitney, 368, 538-39. "42 

Wood, 66, 434-35, 37-38, 517, 733, 

Zinzendorf, 141, 47, 373-74 

Whiton, 32, 241, 44. 

834, 9 T 7, 48- 

Zollicoffer, 589. 

Whittemore, 1028. 

Woodbridge, 55, 832, 1146. 

Zuches (de la), 255. 

Whittlesey, 508, 44, 72, 623, 1041. 

Woodbury, 41, 1354, 74. 

Zug, 681,84. 

Historical Index. 



Abington Baptist Association, 

founding of, 120. 
Abington, settlement of, 121, 453- 

54, 872, 994. 
Adams, John Q., poem by, 886-87. 
Addresses by 

Agnew, Chief Justice, 1163-64. 

Buckalew, Charles R., 1191-92. 

Cameron, Simon, 1192-93. 

Denison, Charles, 8. 

Fuller, Henry M., 589-91. 

McClure, A. K., 1162-63 

Olin, W. H., D. D., 1241-42. 

Randall, Samuel J., 1193. 

Tremain, Lyman, 323. 

Sturdevant, E. W., 16-19. 

Woodward, George W., 1159, 

Wright, H. B., 5-6. 
Alden, Priscilla, 305. 
Attorneys — 

Deceased, 1393-95. 

Non resident, 1395-97. 

Resident, 1398-99. 
Augur Screw, invention of, 520. 
Avondale disaster, 759-60. 

Bedford, Deborah, an early Meth- 
odist, 208-09. 

Bennetts and Hammond, captiv- 
ity of, 645-48. 


Antietam, 100, 107, 22, 63, 291, 
428, 71, 880, 942, 1030, 1233, 

Black Hawk war, 857. 
Bloreheath, 403, 
Boston, siege of, 450. 
Bottom's Bridge, 77. 
Bound Brook, 3S6. 
Boyne, 90, 154, 1271, 
Braddock's expedition, 517, 715. 
Brandywine, 264, 386, 708, 37, 879 , 

1010, 44, 97, 1172, 1280, 92, 1337, 


Buckshot war, 562. 

Bull Run, 126, 428, 71, 510. 

Bunker Hill, 102, 105T, 1139. 

Campaign of 1758, 326. 

Canada, Expedition against, 775, 

Canada, surrendered to the Brit- 
ish, 279. 

Cape Breton, 1159. 

Cedar Mountain, 471. 

Cerro Gordo, 33, 549-50. 

Chancellorsville, 34, 206, 91, 471, 
880, 1313. 

Chapultepec, 549-50, 1194. 

Charles City X Roads, 428, 511. 

Charleston, 79. 

Chickamaugua, 234. 

Civil war, 324, 57, 400, 12, 22, 27, 
33. 59, 555,_7°, 656,^863, 89, 929, 

46-47, 77, 1068, 85, 1113, 38, 89, 
1223, 28, 31-35, 39, 61, 70,93-94, 

1319, 2 3, 8 5- 
Colonial war, 914. 
Cool Arbor, 428. 
Coosawhatchie, 1296. 
Creek war, 392. 
Crimean war, 976. 
Crown Point, 1072. 
Culloden, 397. 
Dorchester Heights, 1055. 
Elk River, 234. 
El Pinal Pass, 33. 
Exeter, 1215. 
Fair Oaks, 77. 
Falls fight, 323. 
Fisher's Hill, 428. 
Fort Allen, 1338-39. 
Fort DuQuesne, 11 73. 
Fort Durkee, 777. 
Fort Fisher, 421. 
Fort Gregg, 78. 
Fort Griswold, 130. 
Fort Johnson, 1239. 
Fort Niagara, 608. 
Fort Sumter, 26S, 71. 
Fort Ticonderoga, 135. 
Fort Wagner, 78. 
Franco-Prussian war, 1068. 
Fredericksburg, 428, 71, 880. 
France, war with, 1072. 
French, Expedition against the, 

in, Canada, 775. 
French and Indian war, 386, 451, 

845, mi, 1271. 
French Revolution, 893, 974. 
French war, 326, 36, 578, 607, 

Gaines Mills, 427-28, 511. 
Germantown, 386, 629, 754, 1044, 

97, 1172, 1280, 92. 
Gettysburg, 34, 100, 23, 65, 206, 

26, 47, 64, 72, 428, 71, 929, 1284, 

I3!3, 6 4- 
Gulph Mills, 484. 
Hastings, 796. 
Hatcher's Run, 37. 
Haymarket, 36. 
Hessians, capture of at Yorktown, 

Indian Hill, 54. 
Indian war, 517, 707. 
Irish Rebellion, 298. 
Jalapa, 33. 
King Phillip's war, 227, 353, 

1176, 1344. 
Lafayette, 234. 
Lake Erie, 75. 
Lake George, 608. 
Lexington, 14, 1028, 34, 51. 
Long Island, 93. 
Malvern Hill, 427, 511. 
Marengo, 539. 
Marye's Heights, 428. 
Mechanicsville, 427, 511. 
Mexican war, 549, 852, 934, 89, 

1010, 1194, 1227, 29, 51, 61, 70, 

77, > 

Middleton, 234. 
Millstone, 386, 1355. 
Mine Run, 428, 471. 
Monmouth, 164, 69, 814, 979, 89, 

Mud Fort, 386. 

Nanticoke (Indian battle), 1215. 
Xarragansett fight, 505, 810. 
Naseby, 1087. 
New Amsterdam, captured by 

English, 1165. 
New Amsterdam, retaken by 

Dutch, 1166. 
New Amsterdam, surrendered to 

Governor Andross, 11 66. 
New York, Evacuation of, 1091. 
Nile, 174. 

Ohio Indians, St. Clair Expedi- 
tion against. 1091. 
Paoli massacre, 1271. 
Paxton Boys, murder of Indians 

by, 518. 
Pennamite and \ ankee war, 53, 

213, 3°6, 437. 5°7, 607, 31, 49, 

1040, 1 135. 
Peninsular war, 471. 
Pequod war, 114, 628. 
Perote Castle, capture of, 33. 
Perryville, 915. 
Petersburg, 428, 471. 
Plattsburg, 58. 

Plunkett's battle, 304, 639, 1215. 
Plunkett, expedition of (1775), 

r, 639 -" 

Pontiac war, 376. 

Port Royal, 34, 766. 

Princeton, 1097, 1280, 1320, 55. 

Prusso-Austrian war, 1068. 

Puebla, 33. 

Queen Anne's war, 765. 

Rappahannock Station, 428, 71. 

Revolutionary war, 53, 55, 62, 
85, 88, 93, 102, 15-16, 25, 30, 35, 
47, 56, 208, 31, 311, 23, 35-36, 
39, 53. 55, 63, 405-06, 42, 46, 52, 
82, 520, 49, 63, 79, 85, 93, 96, 
604,08,28-29,55,58,65,92, 710, 
29, 37, 61, 814, 28, 42-43, 50, 64, 
66, 73, 79, 9°, 9°5, M, 27, 52, 64, 
76-77, 79, 97, 1009-10, 51, 53. 
74,84, 91, mi, 27, 43,47, 5o, 
68, 7 2 -73, 92-93,98, 1272, 74,80, 
91, 98, 1320, 82. 

Richmond, 511. 

Roanoke Island, 527. 

Roses, War of the, 403, 577. 

Rover, 234. 

Salem Heights, 428. 

Saunder's House, 428. 

San Angelos, 549. 

San Juan D'Ulloa, 33. 

Saratoga, 1034-35, 55. 

Scotch Valley massacre, 180. 

Sepoy Campaign, 471. 

Seven Days' Battle, 511. 

Shelbyville, 234. 

South Anne River, 428. 

South Mountain, 163,428, 71, 880. 


Historical Index. 

Spottsylvania, 206, 428, 71, 1313. 

Springfield, 1280. 

St. Bartholomew, massacre of, 

3 6 9- 

Stone River, 474, 

Stony Point, 1172, 1309. 

Sullivan's expedition, 333. 

Thirty Years' war, 869. 

Trafalgar, 569. 

Trevellion Station, Va., 131. 

Trenton, 879, 1135, 1280, 1320, 55. 

Valley Forge, 879, 927. 

Venitian war, 618. 

Vera Cruz, 33, 549-50, 1194. 

Waterloo, 471. 

War of 1812, 317, 90, 92, 549, 67, 
738, 68, 815, 73, 1046, 97, 1 146, 
99, 1244. 7 2 , ij 2 8. 

Weldon Raid, 37, 

Weldon Railroad, 428, 71-72. 

West Point, 427. 

Whisky Insurrection, 496, 1128. 

White Plains, 1172. 

Wilderness, 36, 206, 428, 71. 

Winchester, 428. 

Wolf Tone Rebellion, 457. 

Wyoming, Battle and Massacre, 
vi, 14, 46, 67, 70-71, 87, 102, 28, 
32, 56, 86, 209, 13, 31, 41, 93, 95, 
304,06:07, 28-31, 34, 36,43,53,87- 
89. 9 1 . 431-33. 35-36, 50, 52, 460- 
61, 64-65, 84, 95-96, iii, 506-07, 
13,28-29, 31, 44-61, 63, 67, 72, 
99, 604, 07-08, 10, 16, 20, 23, 36- 
37, 40-42, 48, 52, 64, 68, 710, 73, 
76-77, 813, 28, 36, 42, 44, 47, 50, 
9t4, 32, 77, 1041, 88, 1119, 34-35, 
47, 1215-16, 29, 52-56, 73, 1302, 
06, se, 55-56. 

Yorktown, 14, 927, 1044. 


Albany, Genealogies of the First 
Settlers of, Pearson, 793. 

America, Information concerning, 
Cooper, 1078. 

American Crisis, Paine, 521, 1333. 

American Statesmen, Young, 383. 

Analecta, Wodrow, 1020. 

Ancient History, Rollins, 518. 

Annals of America, Holmes, 792. 

Appleton's American Cyclopae- 
dia, 1046. 

Appleton's Annual Encyclopae- 
dia, 378. _ 

Argument in favor of the Bible, 
narration of Man's Creation, 
&c, 443. 

Beacon Lights of History, Lord, 

Benedicts, Genealogy of the, in 
America, 490. 

Bible, Its own Witness and Inter- 
preter, 988. 

Rinn's Justice, 1074. 

Book of Forms, Leisenring, 946. 

Book Hunter, Burton, 1020. 

Boston, History of, 74. 

Bradford County, History of, 847. 

Breath of Life, The, 215. 

Breese Family, Address at Cen- 
tennial Reunion of, Jenkins, 

I lucks County, Pa., History of, 
Davis, 256, 541. 

Bucks County, Pa., Legends of, 
Wright, 825. 

Burke's Peerage, 204-05. 

Celebration of ye Olden Time, 
Jenkins, 1381, 

Centennial Address, Edsall, 1281, 

Character of Christ, Rush, T059. 

Charges on Moral and Religious 
Subjects, Rush, 1059. 

Charlestown Genealogies, Wy- 
man, 808, 

Chatauqua County, N. Y., His- 
tory of, Young, 383. 

Chester County, History of, 
Smith, 818. 

Christian Baptism, 1059. 

City's Danger and Defense, Lo- 
gan, 942. 

Clavis Rerum, Robinson, 901. 

Coal Trade, History of in Lnzerne 
and Lackawanna Counties, 44. 

Columbia County, History of, 
Freeze, 803. 

Commentaries upon the Intes- 
tate System, and the Powers 
and J urisdiction of the Orphans' 
Court of Pennsylvania, Scott, 

Concord Chase, The, Jenkins, 

Constitutional Liberty, Develop- 
ment of, in the English Colonies 
of America, Scott, 401. 

Contingent Remainders, Fearne, 

Dakota Nation, Calendar of the, 
Mallery, 1086. 

Delaware county, Pa., History of, 
795, 817. 

Denison, Capt. George, A record 
of the descendants of, 47. 

DeWitt, John, Grand Pensionary 
of Holland, History of the Ad- 
ministration of, 280. 

Early Emigrant Ancestors, Our, 
Hotten, 576. 

Early Methodism, Peck, 208, n, 
495, 638, 67, 755, 1089, 1244, 51. 

Eight Years' Travel and Resi- 
dence in Europe, 214. 

Elementary Law, Robinson, 901. 

Emporium of Arts and Sciences, 
Cooper, 1078, 1345. 

English Cases, 903. 

Fitch, Life of, 521-22. 

Following the Drum, Viele, 1068. 

Forest of Life, Jenkins, 1382. 

Future Retribution, Examination 
of the doctrine of, 656. 

Garfield, President, Life of.Burke, 

German Emigrants, Names of, 
Rupp, 692. 

Gospel its Own Advocate, The, 
Griffin, 1066. 

Gospel its Own Witness, The, 
Fuller, 1334. 

Governor's Letters, Johnson, 1163. 

Griffin, Rev. E. D., Memoirs of, 
Sprague, 1064. 

Hakes Family, Hakes, 1385. 

Harmony of the Gospels, Strong, 

Hazard's Register, 1349. 
Hazleton Travellers, Miner, 157, 

386, 530, 668, 1251. 
Historical and Biographical 

Sketches, Pennypacker, 147, 

372. . 

Honesdale, Pa., Memorial Ser- 
mon on the Abandonment of the 

former house of worship at, 

Dunning, 672. 
Hood on Executors, 182. 
Human Understanding, Locke, on 

the, mo. 
Indians, The former and present 

number of our, Mallery, 1086. 
Indians of the Rocky Mountains 

and the Andes, Last Rambles 

among the, 215. 
Institutes of Justinian, Cooper, 

Kirwin Letters, Murray, 87, 722. 
Labor, A Practical Treatise on, 

Wright, 10, 1329. 
Lackawanna and Wyoming Coun- 
ties, History of, 176. 
Landed Gentry, 402. 
Lecture Sermons, Ballou, 656. 
License System Repugnant to 

Sound Constitutional Law, The, 

Nichols, 560. 
Literary Remains, Griffin, 1069. 
Lethe and Other Poems, Jones, 

Letters and other Writings, Rice, 


Lodge 61, F. and A. M., History 
of, Harvey, 514. 

Lo - Lathope Family Memoir, 
Huntington, 861. 

Lopez Ned. 907. 

Luzerne County, Annals of, 
Pearce, 847. 

Luzerne County, Brief of Title in 
the seventeen townships of. A 
syllabus of the controversy be- 
tween Connecticut and Pennsyl- 
vania, Hoyt, 81, 361 . 

Manitou of Wyoming, Jenkins, 

Marcus Blair, Wright, 825, 1329. 

Martyr's Mirror, VanBraght, 141- 


McCoy, Henry Porter, Sermon 
on the death of, Dunning, 672. 

McKinney's Justice, 1074. 

Mechanics' Liens, Law of, in 
Pennsylvania, Johnson, 1167. 

Medical Jurisprudence, Cooper, 

Mind, Watts on the, 1110. 

Money and Legal Tender in the 
United States, Linderman.ion. 

Montgomery County, Pa., Bio- 
graphical Notices of Prominent 
Citizens of, Auge, 1098. 

National Economy, Young, 383. 

New England Memorial, Morton, 

New York, Colonial History of, 

Next President, The, Jones, 309. 
North American Indian Gallery, 

Catlin, 1106. 
North American Indians — 

Gestures, signs and signals 
among, collection of, Mallery, 
Manners, Customs and Condi- 
tions of, Catlin, 214. 
Pedographs of, Mallery, 1086. 
Sign Language Among, Mai 

lery, 1086. 
Introduction to the Study ol 
Sign Language Among, Mai 
lery, 1086. 
North American Portfolio, 214. 
Norwich, History of, ,1- 

Historical Index. 


Notes on Scripture, Jones, 1133. 

Of the Covenant, 64. 

On the Lackawanna, Wright, 825. 

Our English Surnames, 195. 

Palmer, Records, 194. 

Parables, Notes on the, Ballou, 

Patriarchal Age.The, Jones, 1134. 

Pennsylvania, Digest of the Laws 
of, Parke & Johnson, 1140. 

Pennsylvania — 
History of, 170, 703. 
Land Titles in, 489. 
Manners of German Inhabitants 
of, Rush, 703. 

Pequot War, History of, Gardi- 
ner, 876. 

Philadelphia, Leaders of the Old 
Bar of, Binney, 823. 

Philosophical Retrospect on the 
General Outline of Creation, 
&c, Bradley, 1053. 

Pittston Fort, The, Jenkins, 1381. 

Plumb Family, History, Biogra- 
phy and Genealogy of the, in 
America, 605. 

Plutarch's Lives, 518. 

Plymouth, Historical Sketches of, 
Wright, 10, 186, 544, 72, 824, 
1014, 1329. 

Political Economy, Lectures on 
the Elements of, Cooper, 1078. 

Political Essays, Cooper, 1078. 

Practice and Process in the Or- 
phans'Courts of Penna., Rhone, 

Puritans, History of the, 63. 

Puritan Settlers, Hinman, 757. 

Rachael Craig, Wright, 825. 

Ransom, Capt. Samuel, Genea- 
logical Record of the Descend- 
ants of, &c, 389. 

Recollections, Breck, 891. 

Rees, Encyclopedia, 520. 

Revolution, Field Book of the, 
Lossing, 792. 

Sanctification, Skinner, 988. 

School Dictionary, The (1829), 
Turner, 207. 

Science of Government, Young, 


Scotland, History of the Suffer- 
ings of the Church of, Wodrow, 
1017, 19, zi. 

Select Sermons, Ballou, 656. 

Shell Beds, Reynolds, 787. 

Story of Joseph, Jones, 1134. 

Sufferings of Christ, The, Griffin, 
1066. ! 

Talcott's Genealogical Notes, 792. 

Teachings of Patriots and States- 
men, Chase, 1288. 

Theory and Practice of Teach- 
ing, 320. 

Treatise on the Atonement, Bal- 
lou, 655. 

Treatise on Patent Law, Robin- 
son, 901. 

Trial of a Saving Interest in 
Christ, Guthrie, 1022. 

Trinity, The, in Redemption, 988. 

United States, Regulations for the 
Order and Discipline of the 
Troops of, Styner & Cist, 1334. 

West, Life of, 518. 

Westwood, Rev. Henry C.D.D., 
Discourse on the installation of 
as Pastor of the First Presbyte- 
rian Church of Honesdale, Pa., 

Dunning, 672-73. 
Wharton's Digest, 1093. 
Wilkes-Barre, City of, Reynolds, 

Wilkes-Barre, First Presbyterian 

Church of, Reynolds, 787. 
Windham County, Conn , History 

of, 360, 
Wyoming, Wright, 825, 1329. 
Wyoming, History of, 43, 52, 67, 

335. 4Q-4 1 . 62I > 2 9» io 5 6 , 1260. 
Wyoming, Its History, stirring 

incidents and romantic adven- 
tures, Peck, 650. 
Wyoming, and its early settlers, 

Old Memories of, Gordon, 2. 
Wyoming, Jenkins, 1381. 
Wyoming Monument, Historical 

Address at, Jenkins, 1381. 

Bethany, Pa., second house built 
in, 985. 

Bridgehampton, purchase of, 673. 

Buckshot War, 562. 

Butler, Col. John, Memorial Tab- 
let to, 607-08. 

Butler, Col. Zebulon, Report of 
on Battle and Massacre of Wyo- 
ming, 33°-3 2 . 

Carbondale disaster, 956. 

Catlin, George, Indian painter, 
214, 1103-07. 

Charcoal Furnace erected at 
Shickshinny, 1170. 

Civil War, early prisoners, 125-26. 

Avondale disaster, 739-60. 

Baltimore Bed, 1392. 

Blackman Bed, 1349. 

Bowman's Mine, 1349. 

Carbondale disaster, 956. 

Discovered in Lehigh District, 

Discovered at Wyoming, 52. 

Early Mining, 66, 783-84, 1257, 

First ark load of, shipped on the 
Lehigh, 1341, 47. 

First burned in grates, 347-49, 
783-84, 891, 97. 

First used by blacksmiths, 346, 437. 

Mined near Mauch Chunk, 66. 

Mineral black made from, 1345. 

Shipped to Harrisburg and Co- 
lumbia, 779. 

Shipped to Columbia (1807), 783. 

Smith's Bed, 783, 1349. 

Cloth, made from nettles, 827. 
Connecticut Legislature, Luzerne 

(or Westmordland) county rep- 
resentatives in, 1040-41. 
Connecticut and Pennsylvania 

Troubles, 484-S5, 1145. 
Connecticut — Susquehanna Land 

Co., 1273. 
Connecticut, First Presbyterian 

Church in, 360. 
Courts — 

Early, 1060-6 r. 

First held in Wilkes-Barre, 102. 

Mayor's, Carbondale, 1268-69. 

Mayor's, Scranton, 1269. 

Orphans', made separate, 1268, 

Dana, E. L. , Letter to, requesting 

him to be a candidate for Judge, 

Dana, E. L., Reply to letter, 40. 
Darling, E. P., death of, 1383-84. 
Dodson, Abagail, Captivity of, 

Duel in Cumberland county, Pa., 

Durham Boats, 1243-44. 
Dusnore, Who named after, 174. 

Earthquake in Peru, 378-82. 
Easthampton, L. I., Purchase of, 

314, 673. 
Fort Allen, T339, 
Forty Fort, Capitulation of, 189, 

Forty Fort, M. E. Church of, 466, 

Foster township, named after A. 

L. Foster, 839. 
Friends, Society of, 2, 140. 
France and the United States, 

Treaty between (1778), 520. 

Germans, Pennsylvania, 371-72. 
Germany, Tradesmen wandering 

in, 477-79- 

Gilbert Family. Captivity of, 180. 

Gildersleeve, W. C., Abolitionist, 

Gnadenhutten, Burned by Indi- 
ans, 1338. 

Hant ver township, First settle- 
ment in, 303. 

Hammond and Bennetts, Captiv- 
ity of, 645-48. 

Harding, Garrick M., Attempted 
impeachment of, 72-73, 107. 

Harry Hillman Academy, estab- 
lished, 1374-75. 

Hazleton, Early, 1257. 

Herald of the Times, First news- 
paper established in the coun- 
ty, 1247. 

Hillard, T. R., Trip around the 
world by, 799-800. 

Honesdale, First house erected 
in, 985. 

Hosie, John, Carbondale disas- 
ter, 956. 

Hoyt Family Reunion, 76. 

Hoy t, Capture of Col. Henry M , 

Hugenots, 545-47- 
Hutchison Controversy, 743. 

Ice Freshet (1784), 870. 

Indians, Attack by, on Thaddeus 

Williams' house, 158. 
Indians, Last men killed by, 305. 
Iron ore discovered in Providence 

(now Scranton), 20-21. 

Joanna Furnace, 89. 

Judicial Districts of Pennsylvania 

Eighth, 1075, 1264. 

Eleventh, 1264-65, 67. 

Twenty-sixth, 1264. 

Forty-fifth, 1267. 

Forty-sixth, 1267. 
Judges — 

Deceased — additional law, 1393. 

Deceased — associate, 1393. 

Deceased — president, 1393. 

Living — associates, 1397. 

Living — additional law, 1397,99. 

Living — president, 1397. 


Historical Index. 

Kingston, First resident physi- 
cian in, 539. 

Kulp,EH S., Resolutions on death 
of, 151. 

Kulp, Jacob, Marriage certificate 
of, 148-49. 

Lackawanna & Bloomsburg Rail- 
road chartered, 781. 

Lackawanna County, First Meth- 
odist class established in, 215. 

Lackawanna Valley, First regular 
Presbyterian preaching in, 722. 

Lehigh Coal & Navigation Co. 
R. R. built, 782. 

Litchfield County — 

Judges of Probate (1772-75), 1045 
Justices of the Peace (1772-75), 
1039,41. _ 

Lothropp, Rev. John, indepen- 
dent minister, 857-60. 

Lutherans, Early, 458, 1387-88. 

Luzerne County — 
Act of Assembly organizing, 

Bible Society, 1206, 76. 
Courts, 1057-58, 61, 75-76,90-91, 

1101-02, 85, 1264, 70. 
Courts organized, 1042-43. 
First county superintendent of 

schools in, 319, 
First election in, 215-17. 
First fulling mill in, 244, 
French colony in, 170-74, 1358. 
Formation of, 1039. 

Madison Academy, 417. 

McClintock, A. T., Letter to, re- 
questing him to be a candidate 
for Judge, 25-26. 

McClintock, A. T., Reply to the 
letter, 27-28. 

Methodists, Early, 208-09, I2 > 33^- 
39. 755, 1089-90, 1136. 

Mennonites, History of, 138-47. 

Mills, Early, 211-13, 826 - 

Mine Road, 45. 

Miner's Mill, 1250. 

Mineral black made from Lehigh 
coal, 1345-46. 

Montrose, First settlers in, 1308. 

Moravians, 372-75. 

Murray, Noah, First Universalist 
preacher in Luzerne county, 1055 

Morss, Judge, Resolutions on re- 
tirement of, 1037. 

Nantes, Edict of, 545. 

New Columbus, Early settlement 

of, 1229. 
New Haven, Founding of, 184-85, 

New London Academy, 95. 
New London, burning of, 1062. 
Newark Township, purchase of, 



Albany Statesman, 8. 

American Genealogical Review, 

American Herald and General 

Advertiser, 1334. 
American Journal of Science, 1349. 
American Law Times Reports, 


Anthracite Monitor, 10. 
Atlantic Monthly, 455. 
Baltimore American, 1350. 
Banner America, 938. 
Banner, Rockport, Mo., 1385. 
Boston Advertiser, 8. 
Boston Traveller, 8. 
Bradford Settler, 390. 
Bucks County Intelligencer, 42, 

Carbon County Transit, 838. 
Catasauqua Herald, 1261. 
Catholic Mirror, 726. 
Catskill Packet, 1144. 
Charleston City Gazette, 1144. 
Chemung Valley Reporter, 1381. 
Chicago Herald, 309, 834. 
Christian Herald, Cincinnati, 834. 
Cincinnati Commercial Gazette, 


Cincinnati Daily Gazette, 834. 

Columbia Democrat, 652. 

Columbian Magazine, 1334. 

Commercial Advertiser, New 
York, 8. 

Daily Advertiser, Phila., 1144. 

Democratic Standard and Know 
Nothing Expositor, 1197. 

Democratic Waechter, 162, 468, 
88, 1227. 

Doylestown Correspondent, 42, 

Doylestown Democrat, 1248. 

Elmira Advertiser, 798. 

Evening Star, Scranton,886. 

Federalist, 1077. 

Free Mason's Monitor, 347. 

Free Press, Detroit, 2. 

Galva Union, 412. 

Gazette and Bulletin, 1367. 

Gazette and Commercial Intelli- 
gencer, 1247. 

Grant County Herald, 1007. 

Harrisburg Argus, 1140. 

Harrisburg Patriot, 274, 78. 

Harrisburg Telegraph, 534. 

Herald, 830. 

Herald and Presbyter, Cincinnati, 

Herald of the Times, 1247, 
Herald of the Union, 1288. 
Historical Register, 1381. 
Historical Review, 702. 
Independent Volunteer, 888. 
Interior, 835. 

Janesville (Wis.) Gazette, 907, 
Journal of Commerce, 1067. 
Keynote, 515. 
Keystone, 1140. 
] Lackawanna Herald, 1288. 
Lackawanna Jurist and Law 

Magazine, 996. 
Lancaster Intelligencer, 342. 
Law and Equity Reporter, 903. 
Leader, 154, 455. 
Luzerne Leader, 277. 
Legislative Record, 409. 
Lehigh Pioneer & Mauch Chunk 

Courier, 838. 
Lennox Eagle, 1286. . 
Lippincott's Magazine, 455. 
Literary Magazine, 1343. 
Luzerne County Federalist, 42, 

Luzerne County Herald, 453, 55. 
Luzerne Democrat, 638. 
Luzerne Legal Observer, 1234. 
Luzerne Legal Register, vii, 154, 

394, i"7- 

Luzerne Union, 102, 06, 28, 54, 249, 

453-55, 592, 1220. 2 7-. 


Mauch Chunk Courier, 838-39. 

Mercury, Charleston, 78. 

Milton Economist, 937. 

Mitchell CountylPress, 867, 1391. 

Montrose Democrat, 1288. 

Montrose Gazette, 888. 

Montrose Republican, 907. 

Mountain Echo, 419. 

Mountaineer, Conyngham, 2. 

New York Evening Post, 8. 

New York Herald, 1067. 

New York Observer, 314. 

New York Tribune, 8, 309, 938, 

New York Weekly Digest, 902. 

New York World, 429. 

North American Exchange and 
Review, 455. 

Northern Democrat, 888. 

Northern Eagle, 1137. 

Northern Pennsylvanian, 1195, 

North Star, Montrose, 849. 

Occident, 834. 

Olive Branch, 1248. 

Owego Democrat, 369. 

Pennsylvania Farmer and Com- 
mon School Intelligencer, 1140. 

Pennsylvania Correspondent, 1249 

Pennsylvania Correspondent and 
Farmers' Advertiser, 1248. 

Pennsylvania Gazette, 519. 

Pennsylvania School Journal, 320. 

Pennsylvania Magazine of Histo- 
ry and Biography, 90. 

Pennsylvanian, 1211, 13. 

Pennsylvanischer Staatsbote,i333 

Philadelphia Press, 309, 681, 938, 

Philadelphia Times, 884. 

Pittston Free Press, 1261. ' 

Pittston Gazette, 794, 98. 

Plainspeaker, Hazleton, 1379. 

Port Folio, 1344. 

Princeton Review, 988. 

Real Estate Intelligencer, 795. 

Record of the Times, 43-44, 776, 
94, 1007,1251, 60, 1351. 

Reformer, 248. 

Reporter (The), 903. 

Republican Farmer, 466, 932,1138- 


Republican Farmer and Demo- 
cratic Journal, 159. 

Republican, Rockford, 111., 907. 

Scranton City Journal, 321. 

Scranton Daily Times, 899, 919. 

Scranton Register, 1234. 

Scranton Republican, 1297, 1379. 

Scranton Times, 899, 919, 95. 

Scranton Law Times, 900. 

Scranton Weekly Times, 900. 

Spectator and Freeman's Journal, 

Springfield Republican, 8. 

Star of Freedom, 1249. 

Star, Washington, 993. 

State Guard, Harrisburg, 682. 

Susquehanna Democrat 294, 1260. 

Susquehanna Register, 888, 1260. 

Susquehanna County Republican, 

True Democrat (The), 1277. 

Tunkhannock Republican, 321. 

Union-Leader, 154, 455, 594, 1220, 

Universalist Expositor, 655. 

Historical Index. 


Universalist Magazine, 655. 
Vermont Chronicle, 117. 
Village Record, 42, 1249. 
Volksfreund, 1002. 
Wayne County Herald, 453-54, 

882, 1197, 1211. 
West Branch Bulletin, 1367. 
Wilkes-Barre Advocate, 1260. 
Wilkes-Barre Gazette, 43, 507, 

Wyoming Democrat, 1220, 
Wyoming Herald, 833, 1257. 
Wyoming Republican, 1216, 37, 

Yale Literary Magazine, 99. 
Yates County Chronicle, 380. 

North Branch Canal, First boat 
launched in at Shickshinny,i229 

Old Forge, Early iron works at, 

(1789), 22t. 

One Hundred and Forty-third 
Regiment, Leave for Washing- 
ton, 34. 

One Hnndred and Forty-third 
Regiment, Mustered out of ser- 
vice, 37. 

Osterhout Free Library estab- 
lished, 1316-19. 

Palmer, Derivation of name, 194-95 

Paxtang Boys, 1079. 

Paxton Rangers, 431, 518, 816, 44- 

Peart Family, Captured t>y In- 
dians, 180. 

Pennamite and Yankee troubles, 

6 3!. 37, 49.963- 

Pennsylvania Common Schools, 

Pennsylvania, Meeting to sustain 
the laws of, 217-19. 

Pennsylvania, Proclamation of. 
Governor forbidding settlement 
in. 1039. 

Pennsylvania Troops, Third Regi- 
ment, P. M , 100; Forty-First 
Regiment, P. M , 100; Fifty- 
Second Regiment, P. V., 77; 
Three Hundred and Third 
Regiment, P. M., 225. 

Peru, Earthquake (1868), 378-90. 

Philadelphia, British standard 
hoisted in, 820. 

Philadelphia and Wilmington, 
Purchase of land lying between, 
from Indians, 1166. 

Physicians, First in Wyoming, 220 

Pickering, Timothy, abducted, 
2 93. i°45- 

Plymouth, First minister in, no. 

Plymouth, First merchant in, 506. 

Plunkett's Expedition, 639. 

Pumpkin Freshet (1785), 830. 
Punxsutawney, Town of, laid out, 

Puritan wall paper, 1027. 

Quakers, arrival of in America, 2. 
Quinipiac, Purchased from Indi- 
ans, 185. 

Redemptioners, 700-04. 
Ricketts, A., Letter of to Town 

Council, ic6. 
Ross, General, sword presented 

to, 294. 

Scotch-Irish emigration, Causes 
which led to, 90,256-57. 

Scranton, Early, 20-21, 340, 524- 
27. 853-54, 9 6 3. 1289-90, 1299. 

Scranton, Riots in, 942-43. 

Selma, Ala., Destruction of, 831. 

Slavery, 16-19, 99 I_ 9 2 , II 5 2 -53- 

Slocum, Francis, Indian Captive, 
340-43, 1048-49. 

Smith, Wm. Hooker, early Pres- 
byterian, 222. 

Southampton, Purchase of, 673. 

Standish, Myles, 305. 

Stewart, Lazarus, 845-47. 

Strikes, 167, 942. 

Susquehanna County, Early, 42, 
887,912, 1139-40, 1308. 

Swamp Church, 736-37. 

Swetland, Luke, Indian prisoner, 

Taunton, Mass., Purchased from 

Indians, 505. 
Trenton Decree, 1040. 
Tyrone Rebellion, 235-38. 

Vallandingham, C. L , Letter of, 
to the democracy of Ohio, 7. 

Wadham, Manor of, 109. 
Wallenpaupack, 1147-48. 
Wayne county, First resident law- 
yer in, 580. 
West, Benjamin, painter, 517-18. 
Westmoreland — 

Area of, 1039. 

Court House and Jail of, 133. 

Proclamation forbidding settle- 
ment at, 1039. 

Town organized, 333-34, 1040. 

Troops raised in, for Continen- 
tal Establishment, 1039. 

County, 334, 1039-41. 

Judges (1776), 1041. 

Judges of Probate (1772-75), 
104 1. 

Justices of the Peace (1778), 1041 

Lawyers in, 1041. 

Sheriff, (1776), 1041. 
Wilkes-Barre — 

Courts first held in, 102, 914. 

Early Germans in, 468. 

Fencibles, 514. 

First brewery in, 1300. 

First brick building in, 297, 338. 

First daily Paper in, 934. 

First dwelling house erected, 

First female seminary in, 66. 

First M. E. Church, 1205. 

First minister in, 188-90. 

First Sunday School in, 339, 93. 

First Weekly Paper in, 1247. 

Fort, 133, 157. 

Guard, 510, 

Home for Friendless Children, 

Memorial Church, founding of, 

Public schools of, 79,152-53, 176- 
78, 197, 238, 40. 

Colored, 152-53. 

St. Stephen's P. E. Church, 

Telephone established in, 795, 
Wilmot Proviso, n 78, 
Woodward, Stanley, Resolutions 

on retirement from fire depart- 
ment of Wilkes-Barre, 101-02. 
Wyoming — 

Articles of capitulation at, 1088. 

A: tillerists, 469, 510. 

" leave for Mexico, 33. 

Bank Infantry, 510. 

Battle and Massacre of, 132, 
332-33, 28 -3°, 42, 62, 87-89, 

Centennial, 57, 102, 777. 

Coal discovered at, 52. 

Engraving of, 621. 

First marriage in, 47, 1088. 

First Church built, 446. 

First birth in, 47. 

First settlement of, vi, 528. 

First studeut sent to Yale Col- 
lege, 241. 

{aegers, 162, 469, 1300. 
ight Dragoons, 125. 

Matross, 75 

Meeting of proprietors and set- 
tlers, 52. 

Monument, Gift of land for, 9C9. 

Monument, laying of corner 
stone of, 133. 

Monument, inscription on,i2i9. 

Resolution in regard to the dec- 
laration of independence, 53. 

Second settlement of, vi. 

Volunteers, 506. 

Wyoming Seminary founded 
385, 1240. 


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