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' ' -^ t^ Hngbes: PP. 7-78 IdcIikIm: 

Atldnson, Austin; 

E;ainbridge, Banner, Barnes, Bell, Beard, Black, BlackweO, Bostick, 

Bowles, Braason, Bright, Briggs, Buchanan, Bradley; 

Caldwell, Camber, Cannon, Campbell, Carr, Carter, Chaetan, 

Cheeke, Christain, Gark, Clotworthy, Cox, Craig; 

Lfabney, Dalton, Dandridge, Davis, De Novdle, Dillard, Dickson, Dobsoi^ 

Ewing, Elliott; 

Fleming, Fontaine, Powlks, Frame, Frelinghusan, Fulkerson; 

Gaines, Oalespie, Oentry, Olflord, Gardner, Oraham, Green; 

Hailey, Halrston, Hanby, Hardeman, Harrison, Henry, Hicks, 

Hodgson, Horton, Hendricks, Henderson, Hobaon, Howard; 

Jones, Johnston; 

Lee, Le Vert, Lewis; 

Maney, Martin, Matthews, McCabe. McEwen, McPerrin, McGavock, 
McKenney, Metcalf, Morton, Mooreman, Mosby, Murphy, Merriwetber, 
Moore, Moss; 

Neill, Nowlan; 

O'Fallon, Oglevie, Oliver; 

Penn, Pettws, Perkins, Petway, Poindexter, Powell, Preston, Puryear; 
Randolph, Ransom, Redd, Roberts, 

Scales, Scruggs, Sharp, Sheath, Shelton, Smoot, Smithson, Spencer, 
Staples, Steel, Stovall, Smith; 

Tavenor, Taylor, Todhunter, Tulloas; 

Vance, Van Dyke, Van Hook, Vest; 

Walton, Walker, Wallace, Warren, Watkins, Webb. Whitfield, Wilson, 
Winder, Williams, Willlioit, Woodson, Wood, Work, Winston, Wilkin- 

Veatman, Veamans; 

Dittoa: PP. n-122 ladodes: 

Affleck, Almond, Austin; 

Banner, Beflrnfont, Berisford, Bird, Bright, Brittain, Bullock; 


Caldwell, Cardwell, Carr, Carter, Cannen, Clark, aeveland, 
aotworthy, Critz, Cox, Cocke, CrockeH, Curtis; 

Dameron, Dandridge, Darcy, Delworth, Dillard, Dobson, Dodsworth, 
Drewtand, Drew; 

Elliott, EweU; 

Fields, Flower, Fontaine, Frort, Fulkerson; 

Gaines, Gelihu, Gentry, Gladstone, Goodman; 

Hammock, Hadons, Hanby, Harbor, Henderson, Herbert, Henry, 
Hughes, Hunter; 

Jobm, Jowett; 

Kavanough, Kenner, Kennedy; 

L&ndon, Little; 

Macey, Maries, Martin, McAUey, Mitchell, Moore, Morton; 

Nowlan; \ 

f'ettus, Phillips, Pitt, PoweU, Pieston, Price. PuOion; 

Redd, Reed, Rice; 

Sayers, Scales, Shaw, Smith, Sparrow, Spotswood, Spencer, StovaD; 

Walker, Wallace, Webb, Wilier, Weslover, Wilson, Winston, Woodson, 


Yancey, Yorkam, Young. 

JHartbi: PP. I2S-199 Indndes: 

Aldridge, Algood, Armistead, Arrington; 

Banner, Battle, Bannister, Barksdale, Blackman, Blount. Bums, Broadus, 
Bradley, Burwell, Buckman; 

Carr, Carter, Chiles, Cleveland, Clark, Claud, Cook, 
Colley, Couch, Coghran, Conraid, Crump, Culbert, Oifden; 

Oalton, Dandridge, Dawson, Ditzel, Kllard, Dobson, Douglas, Drap<Y, 
Drake, Dunn, Duncan, Drummond: 

Eason, Elliott, Elmore; 

Ferriss, Fench, Fitzpatrick, Fleming, Ford, France, Frasier; 

Gaines, George, Gilbert, Ghalson, Gordon, Graves, Gravely, Grayson, 
Oreenway, Griggs; 

Hairston, Hale, Hammock, Henderson, Hendrick, Harrison, Hall, 

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Kckson, Horton, Hopkins, Hodge, Hughes, Hunter; 


Jameison, James, Jennings, Johnson; 

Kdth, King, Kincannon; 

Lea, Lewis, LIUard, Lummes, Lyon; 

Manlove, Marshall, Mason, McLendon, McCabe, Mestand, Meadows, 
Minor, Moon, Maries, Kooreman, Moseley, Mosby, Moore; 

Overton, Owens; 

Page, Pannell, Peeler, Penn, Perldns, Perry, Piingle; 

Ready, Reynolds, Reid, Ridley, Riddell, Robertsoo, Rogers, Russwumi, 


Sartin, Saunders, Sikes, Sheffield, Shipp, Smiley, SmiHi, Staples, Star- 
ling, Stokes, Stockton, Sumner, Steadman, Stonestreet; 

Tate, Terry, Tillman, Tipfrins, Thomas, Thompson, Toulman; 

Waller, Warren, Walace, WeaHierby, Wellborn, Webb. Whitaker, Wil- 

Hemknon: PP. 209-289 IndmleB: 

Alexander, Austnither; 

Baker, Baskett, Baxter, Bean, Beckham, Birch, Bradford, Bruce, 
Brodnax, Boynton, Brewer, BuUock, Butler, Bynum; 

Cabell, Carter, Calloway, Chalmers, Clark, Clemens, Compton, 

Daiton, Darby, Davies, Dow, Duke, Dyer; 

Edwards, Estill; 

Fenner, Ferrand, Freeman, Femandee; 

Gaines, Galespie Glenn, OiOespie, Green; 

Hamilton, Halle. Hart, Harrison, Hayes, Hawkins, Hill, 
Horton, Hiltard, Hyde, Haile, Hughes; 

Jackson, Jowett; 

Kavanough, Kendrick, King, Kirkland, Kelynge, Knox; 

Lacey, Lewis, Learcey; 

Maddox, Martin, McCorry, McDaniel, McKay, Mercer, Meeks, 

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McKenue, MUter, Mitchell, Montddi, Moore, Moirison, Morton, 
Montgomery, Mosby; 


PefUns, Petway, Pollard, Powell. Pyron; 

Randolph, Rivers, Robertson, Rives, Ryckman; 

Sherwood, Scales, Smiley, Spikes, Springs, SmlHiaon, Stuart, Steele, 

Talbot, Taylor, Temple; 

Washer, Walace, Ware, Weedon, White, Wnchester, Williams, 
Wembish, Winstead, Wllkenon, Wri^t, Wood. 

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Franklin, Tennessee 


Nineteen Hundred Twenty-two 

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Hearing the call of posterity demanding oi us a right to know 
GOmething of ttieir origin, and convinced, too, that in duty to those 
who liave gone before, we should bind together the golden links of the 
past, I have gathered what I could of family history, lliis means 
much labor; but if this backward glance should inspire one person to 
noble endeavor, I am amply repaid. 

An effort has been made to give authority lor every assertion. If 
errw is found, I trust someone with broader and clearer vision than 
mine will rectify the wrong. 

I have a great many dd family papers, business papers and 
letters, which came to me through my grandfather. Captain John 
Hughes (1776-1860). Captain John Hughes administered on the estate 
of bis father. Colonel Archelaus Hughes of the Revolution. Some of 
these papers date back to colonial times. They throw light on many 
things. Then history often corroljorates what was written many 
years ago by members of the family. I began to gather data for this 
work in 1897, witen making research to establi^ my digibDity to mem- 
bership in National Society of Daughters of the American RevtJution. 
When becoming a member of Colonial Damea of America, in 1904, I 
went deeper into the study. 

We regret exceedingly that the genealogy is incomplete. We wish 
to acknowledge our indebtedness, for aid given, to Mrs. Ryland Tod- 
hunter, of Lexmgton, Missouri; to Mrs. Susan Letitia Rice Clotworthy, 
of Hillmafl, Georgia; to Miss Mary Louise Dalton, for paper written by 
her grandfather, Dr. Robert Hunter Dalton, who was born in Rocking* 
ham County, North Carolina, and died in Tacoma, Washington; to Miss 
Josephine Robertson, StatesviUe, North Carolina; and to the Honorable 
John Wesley Gaines of Tennessee, etc. 

In lifting the veil from the past we see that our Hughes branch is of 
Welsh otipn; the Martin branch of Irish descent; the Henderson immi- 
grant ancestors came from Scotland; all of these are descendants of 
the ancient Britons (see page 15, Abbolsford by Washington Irving). 
The Daltons came from Yorkshire, England; while in the veins of the 
writer flows riie blood of one ancestor 'of Dutch descent. 

It may seem to some that I have) made a vainglory effort to trace 
our origin back to European nobility, %ut "I do not think that lords are 
small things anywhere. Lords are made by kings for great deeds or 
great virtues." "Then they are lords of their own making. Kings only 
seal the patent nature has bestowed." 

"hi looking back through records of noble houses we shall find 
a sum of deeds and qualities suited to and honored by succeeding 
ages, which, tried by the standard of the times of men, show that 
hereditary nobility is not merely an honor won by a worthy father for 
unworthy children, but a bond to great endeavors, signed by a noble 
ancestor on behalf of alt his descendants." 


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Coat ot Anns 

Argeni (silver), an eagle displayant, with two heads sable (black). 
Crest, an eagle's head erased sable (black) holding in the beak a 
staR raguly gules (red) enftamed proper. 

Motto: "Fynno Duw Deifydd." 

This old Welsh motio ^gnifies in English: "Let what Cod willSi 

Orlando, Leander and WilHam Hughes came from Wales to Vir- 
ginia about I7D0. The public records of Powhatan and Ooochland 
counties, Virginia, which we quote later on, bear us out in this asser- 

Mrs. Harriett D. Pitman, who did much research work among the 
archives ol Great Britain, has written a book entitled "Americans of 
Gentle Birth and Their Ancestors." On page 81, Vol. II, of this work 
she says that the Hughes family ol Vir^nia descend from Roderic the 
Great. Bulwer, in "Harold", the last of the Saxon kings, carries us 
somewhat into a knowledge of the ancient Britons, who, after the 
Saxon invasion, settled largely in Wales. Many valuable footnotes 
given from English chronicles are found in "Harold." Roderic the 
Great, perhaps the most famous of the ancient Britains of whom we 
have knowledge, governed all Wales. Possibly twenty sub-kings knett 
nt his throne (see pages 352, 355.) Roderic the Great "came of a 
race of heroes, whose line transcended by ages all the other royal- 
ties of the North." (Bulwer). 

The Welsh are among the proudest pei^le on earth. Even the 
humblest Welshman loves to trace his lineage. It has become a proverb, 
"His genealogy is as long as that of a Welshman," 

Mrs. Pitman says, "About 1700 there appeared in Virginia three 
brothers, Orlando, Leander and William Hughes, from Wales. Orlando 
and Leander had land grants in Powhatan and Goochland counties, near 
Richmond. She speaks of Colonel Archelaus Hughes of the Revolution 
"who married Mary Dalton of the old Virginia family (see Dalton)," 
and says that his father's name was Leander. 

The county records show that Orlando Hughes, the immigrant, died 
in 1768, and that his wife's name was Elizabeth. His sons were An- 
thony, Josiah and Leander. This son, Leander, died in 1775. His sons 
were Powell, Stephen, John and Archelaus. So that these county 
records show that Col. Archelaus Hughes, of Revolutionary fame, was 
of the third generation in America. The Hughes family are long-lived 
people. Many of them have lived to be more than ninety years old. 


Thus, it is not surprising that a man who came to Virginia about 1700 
should have died in 1768. 

The name Hughes has sometimes been spelled "Hewes." In some 
ol my old family papers 1 find this the case, but the family themselves 
always spelled the name "Hughes." The mother of (rtary Ball, grand- 
mother of George Wa^ington, was Mrs. Mary Hewes. In the will of 
Mrs. Mary Hewes, which was probated July 29, 1721, she makes pro- 
viuon for "My daughter, Mary Ball" (see page 302 of the American 
Monthly Magazine for May, 1917.) Joseph Hewes was one of the sign- 
ers of the Declaration of Independence from North Carolina. 

Burke's Peerage and Burke's Landed Gentry give us much infor- 
mation in regard to Hughes lineage. In Burke's Peerage, page 802, it is 
said: "This family of Hughes (as testifled by theirr emblazoned 
pedigree, drawn up in 1622 by Jacob Chaloner of London) shows itself 
to be of royal Welsh origin." In Burke'e Peerage and Barontage, page 
803, a branch of the Hughes family is shown to have descended from 
Gwaith Vald Mawr, king of Gwent, a prince of Cardigan, and from 
Blethyn ap Cynyn, Prince of Powis Arms — Az., A lion, rampant; or 
Crest — A lion couchant, or Motto: "Dopo il Cimento sequi pace." 

Their descent from princes of Wales is many times reiterated by 
genealogists, both living and past. Frances Cowles says in the Nash- 
ville Banner of May 13, 1911, "If you are a Hughes you are almost 
sure to have Welsh blood in your veins, and Welsh blood to be proud 
of, too, for the first of the name were princes of the royal line of Wales." 
Frances Cowles asserts a well known fact — that the Huguenot Hughes 
family of Hughes Creek plantation above Richmond "intermarried ex- 
tenavely with the Hughes family of Welsh blood." This is also proved 
on pages 77-78 American Ancestry, Vol. 4. 1889, Muncells Sons, pub- 
lishers, Albany, New York. The writer, Lucy Henderson Horton, is the 
offspring of intermarriage between these two branches. 

Orlando, Leander and William Hughes came to Virginia from 
Glamorganshire or Carnarvonshire, Wales. The family had holdings 
in both of these counties. We are told in Burke's Landed Gentry that 
Hughes descent in the county of Carnarvon occupies twenty-four 
pages of the Golden Grove MSS., now in the Record office. We note 
the fact that Sir Thomas Hughes was knighted at Whitehall, Nov. 4, 
1619. He was sixteenth in descent from Gwaith Vald Mawr, King of 
Gwent, and prince of Cardigan (see page 803, Burke's Peerage and 
Barontage); and that Sir Richard Hughes had the honor to entertain 
George III at one time. Both the Huguenot and the Welsh Hughes immi- 
grants had grants of land in Powhatan and Goochland counties, Vir- 
ginia. The Hughes Creek plantation, which was entailed through four 
generations, is not far from Richmond. Since one is always interested 
in knowing something of the social atmosphere in which people live, 
we will quote from an old chronicle by Paulding, describing the inhab- 
itants in this vicinity in eariy colonial days. 

The first settlement on the Nght of Richmond was made by Col. 

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Wm. Byrd in 1677. Some years later a little village flourished here. 
Paulding describes the inhabitants as "a race of most ancient and 
respectable planters, having estates in the country, who chose it for 
their residence for the sake of social enjoyment. They formed a 
society now seldom to be met with in any of our cities. A society of 
people not exclusively monopoliied by money-makmg pursuits, but of 
liberal education, liberal habits of thinking and acting, and possessing 
both leisure and inclination to cultivate those feelings and pursue those 
objects which exalt our nature rather than increase our fortune." 

That Archelaus Hughes, son of Leander, son of Orlando, the im- 
migrant, was Colonel of a regiment during the Revolutionary war, see 
Vol. IX, page 415, Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. 

Col. Archelaus Hughes married Mary Dalton, a daughter of Samuel 
Dalton (1699-1802) of Rockingham county, North Carolina, Sept. 25, 
1769. Archelaus was borvi in Goochland county, Virginia, and died 
in Patrick county, Virginia, The writer prizes as a treasure an auto- 
graph note written by Samuel Dalton to his son-in-law. Col. Archelaus 
Hughes, in 1796. Samuel Dalton was at this time nearly one hundred 
years old. This paper is worn, but the penmanship is fine. We will 
write of the Daltons later. 

In the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. V, page 
208, is given some record of the Hughes family of Powhatan county, 
Va. It is said that Jesse Hughes, whose wife was a French Huguenot, 
staled in Powhatan county, Virginia, on a grant of land from Charles 
the Second of England. His grant was on Hughes Creek, above Rich- 
mond, and is known as the Hughes Creek {dantation. This was en- 
tailed according to the English law, and continued in the family for 
four generations. 

Jesse Hughes' son, Robert, married and left sons and daughters. 
There are no records of births, marriages and deaths of himself and 
family now extant. 

Robert Hughes, Jr., son of Robert Hughes, Sr,, married Ann Hari- 
well, of New Kent. They had three sons, Jesse, Rotiert and David; also 
two daughters, Fanny and Temperance. Temperance married Henry 
Watkins, of Bush River, Prince Edward county, Va. They had five 
sons and two daughters. 

Jesse Hughes, son of Robert, Jr., was a pioneer and explorer of 
the mountains of West Virginia. He died on one of tiiese expeditions, 
and was unmarried. So his brother, Robert, inherited Hughes Creek 
plantation. At the time of his death he was with his relatives, of the 
Oriando Hughes branch, in Southwestern Virginia. 

Robert Hughes III. served in the Revolutionary war as Captain 
of a volunteer company. Previous to the war he had married Mary 
Mosby, daughter of Litterberry Mosby. We will say, in passing, that 
the name Litterberry, an unusual ore, occurs in family connection as 
late as the middle of the nineteenth century. Robert Hughes 111. died 
soon alter the close of the Revolutionary war. He left three daugh- 

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ters, no sons. Martha Hartwell Hughes married Francis Ooode, of 
Withby, October 28, 1795. She died in 1825. 

David Hughes, son of Robert Hughes II., and his wife, Ann Hart- 
well, married Judith Daniel, of North Carolina. They had two sons, 
Jesse and Robert. Jesse Hughes, born 1788, married Elizabeth Wood- 
son Morton, born 1793. Judge Robert W. Hugties, their son, died un- 
married. They had one other son and three daughters. 

Fanny, daughter of Robert Hughes and his wife, Ann Hartwell, 
married Rev. John Williams, of North Carolina. They left a large 
family of sons afld daughters in that State (see Vol, V., Virginia Mag- 
azine of History and Biography). 

Leander Hughes, son of Orlando, and father of CoL Archelaus 
Hughes, moved from his father's home in Powhatan county, Va., at the 
time of his marriage, to their estate in Goochland county, Va. Here 
all his children were born. 

■ The Jesse Hughes branch and the Orlando, Leander and William 
Hughes branch, through many intermarriages, have become the same, 
if they were not originally identical. Jesse Hughes came to Virginia 
in 1675. Orlando, Leander and William Hughes came to the same 
county (Powhatan) about 1700 (see American Ancestry, Vol. IV., 1889, 
pages 77-78, together with Mrs. Harriet D. Rtman's "Americans of 
Oentle Birth and Their Ancestors." 

One of Jesse Hughes' sons married Satlie Tarlton. Their daugh- 
ter, Martha Hughes, married George Walton, the uncle and educator 
of the Walton who signed the Declaration of Independence. The 
mother of George Walton, signer of the Declaration of Independence, 
was Sally Hughes (see page 154, North Carolina Register, Vols. 1-2, 

Stephen Hughes, of the Orlando branch of the family, who was 
horn in Wales in 1690, married Elizabeth Tarlton, who was bom in 1696 
and died in 1775 (see American Ancestry, Vol. IV., 1889, pages 77-78). 

The writer has in her possession a deed of gift of land signed by 
George Walton. The signature is identical with that of George Walton 
on the Declaration of Independence. This deed of gift is to a kins- 
man, Daniel Frame, who the writer thinks has descendants in Ken- 
tucky by the name Metcalfe. Some of his children settled in Wilkes 
county, Georgia. This was also the home, later in life, of George 
Walton, uncle of the signer of the Declaration of Independence. The 
writer has old letters written by memtwrs of this family of Wilkes 
county, Georgia. We will quote from an article by Frances Cowles 
in the Nashville Banner of May 13, 1911: 

"The Hi^;lies Family 

"If you are a Hughes you are almost sure to have Welsh blood 
in your veins, and Welsh blood to be proud of, too« for the first of the 
names were princes of the royal line of Wales. One of this family was 
Sir Richard Hughes, made & baronet by the English Icing in 1773, when 

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T of the dockyard of Plymouth, En^and. A well 
known man of the name is Justice Charles £. Hughes, whose father 
was a Welsh Baptist, and mother a Scotch Presbyterian. Ttie best 
known English Hughes is, without doubt, Thomas Hughes, who wrote 
'Tom Brown's School Days.' He was born in Newbury, in the county 
of Berkshire, England, less than one hundred miles from the Welsh 
border. In spite of the Welsh blood of this family, the first man of 
the name in the Southern part of the United States was of Huguenot 
origin, and is said to have escaped from France to England at the 
age of fourteen. With his wife he came to Virginia between 1670 and 
1700. This family intermarried extensively with the Hughes family of 
Welsh blood. 

"One of the descendants of this double Hughes connection was 
Major John Hughes, who married Ann (or Nancy) Merriwether. Another 
was Major David Hughes, l)orn in Virginia in 1756, who served in the 
Revolution. His son was Andrew S., born in Kentucky in 1792, who 
married Dora IVIetcalfe and had a son. Gen. Bela Metcalfe Hughes, 
of Denver, Colorado, born in Kentucky in 1817. He married, first, 
Catherine Neal, and second, Laura Allen. 

"Jesse, the Huguenot, settled on Hughes Creek, on the James river, 
and here his family lived and died. This farm continued in the family 
for four generations. A granddaughter of Jesse Hughes, the Huguenot, 
named Martha, married George Walton, an uncle of the Walton who 
signed the Declaration of Independence." 

We have proved elsewhere that the mother of George Walton who 
signed the Declaration of Independence, was Sally Hughes. 

Jesse's son, David, or perhaps Adam, was the father of Robert 
Hughes of Hughes Creek, and his son was Robert, who married Ann 
Hartwell. Their son, David Hughes, of Muddy Creek plantation, Va., 
was a Captain in the Revolutionary war. He married Judith Daniel, and 
their son was Jesse, born in 1788, who married Elizabeth Morton. They 
had two sons, Robt. William and John Morton. The elder lived in Norfolk, 
Virginia. He was born in 1812, and at the age of 29 married Eliza 
Johnson. They had two sons, Robert M. and Floyd, lawyers of Norfolk. 
John Morton Hughes established his family at Mobile, Alabama. 

In Burke's Landed Gentry is given a Hughes coat-of-arms in which 
is blended Welsh emblems and the French fleur-de-lis. 

in County Carnarvan there is Hughes of Coedhelm. In 1569 the 
family residence was rebuilt, which, from the color of the stone, ao 
quired the name of Plas Coch (Red Halt). The family seat is Coedhelm, 
Carnarvan. > 

We are told by several authorities that the Hu^es family of Vir- 
ginia and the Daltons have a common origin in Roderic the Great. 

It was to appease the pride of the Welsh people that the title 
"Prince of Wales" was, in 1343, given to the heir apparent to the throne 
of England. 

We will next copy from the Genealogical Column of the Timea- 



Dispatch, published at Richmond, Virginia, Sunday, April 24, 1910. 
This column is edited by Sallie Nelson Robins: 

Hughes Family of Goochland County, Vir^nia. 

First will of the Hughes family in Goochland county is that of 
Sarah, a widow. Will proved in that county May 19, 1730, mentions 
children. Robert (2), Stephen (2), Ashford (2), Sarah Atkinson (2>, 
Elizabeth Liles (2), Mary Hughes (2), and Isaac Hughes (2). 

Rcrijert Hughes (2) in wiU dated July 13, 1750, mentions his wife, 
Martha; daughter, Sarah, who married Tucker Woodson; Mary, wife 
of Ueorge Walton; Temperance, wife of Henty Watkins; Martha Wal- 
ton; sons, Abram and Robert, 

Stephen Hughes' will, made in 1749, mentions wife, Elizabeth; and 
daughter, Ehzabeth, who married Sandbourn Woodson; Judith Cox; 
sons, John and Joseph. 

William Hughes (2) married a Miss Bowles and had a son, John; 
a daughter, Ann, who married a Mr. Perkins. He married a second 
wife, Martha Bronson, and had Merriette, Sarah and Charles WeJey. 
Merriette was a Confederate soldier, killed in battle. Sarah also mar- 
ried a Mr. Perkins, brother io her half-sister's husband. Charies Wesley 
married Mary Davis and had Martha Jane, Sarah Virginia and William 
Meritte. Martha Jane married George Miles Bainbridge and had Charles 
Edmond, Nettie B., Halla, Eva and Gilbert Merriette. Nettie B. gradu- 
ated in medicine and married a class-mate, Albert E. Powell. They 
have two children, Emily and Edmond. Sarah Virginia married Samuel 
M, Graham and had Jesse Hughes and Donald Inkerman. Meritte mar- 
ried Jane Younty and had Chariqs Wesley, Virginia and Maud. 

William married (the third lime) Nancy Grayson Blackwell. Col. 
Joseph Blackwell was an officer in the Revolutionary war. They had 
Susan, who married Vest; Martha Ann, Mary, Vir^nia, Elizabeth, 
Stephen Hughes and George Parnell Hughes. Stephen, named for his 
great-grandfather, married Miss Hodgson, no childrm. George Par- 
nell Hughes married Miss George Gardner, and had Mrs. Howard, of 
Lynchburg, Va., and Mrs. Baxter Wilson, of Richmond. The descend- 
ants of William Hughes by his third wife have Revolutionary ancestry 
through Joseph Blackwell. 

We will copy some old family records — county records as furnish- 
ed us by Mr. William G. Stanard, of Richmond, Va.: 

Powhatan and Goochland County Records. 

(t) Inventory' of personal estate of Ashford Hughes, deceased; 
recorded March 6, 1750. 

(2) Will of Stephen Hughes, dated July 6, 1749, proved June 25, 
17S3. Legatees: daughter, Judith Cox; sons, John and Joseph; wife, 
Elizabeth, and daughter, Elizabeth Woodson. 

(3) Will of Robert Hughes, dated July 13, 1750. proved Sept. 22, 
1755. Legatees: daughter, Sarah Woodson; daughter, Mary Walton; 
daughter, Martha Woodson; daughter, Susan Hughes; daughter. Tem- 

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pentnce Hug^esi and wife, Martha. Song were Abraham and Robert. 

(4) Will of Joseph Hughes, dated Nov. 1, 1751, proved June 28, 
175& Legatees: Henry Hobson; brother, Jofm Hughes (confirming gift 
of the "land given him by my father"); wife, Jane; mother, Elizabeth, 
etc Refers to his father's will. 

(5) Will of Isaac Hughes, dated Jan. 22, 1758, and proved April 24, 
1758. Legatees; wife, Martha; Patty Mosby and said Patty's brother, 
George Walton, 

(6) Will of Robert Hughes, dated Feb. 21, 1760. and proved Oct. 
23, 1760. Legatees: oldest son, Jesse; sorts, Robert and David; wife, 
Ann; daughters, Frances and Martha Hughes, Refers to estate which 
will fall to him at his mother's death. 

(7) Will of Abraham Hughes, dated Jan. 10, 1756, proved Feb. 
23, 1761. Legatees: mother, Martha Hughes; brother, Robert; cou»n, 
John Walton. Refers to deceased father, Robert Hughes; sister, Mary 

(8) Will of Orlando Hughes, dated July 25, 1768, proved Sept. 26, 
1768. Legatees: wife, Elizabeth; sons, Anthony and Josiah; son-in- 
law, John Maney and son Leander Hughes, executors. 

(The writer throws in parenthesis to say that Orlando Hughes was 
her ancestor. The line runs thus: Orlando Hughes, son L.eander 
Hughes, son Col. Archelaus Hughes, of the Revolutionary war, son Capt. 
John Hughes (1776-1860), daughter Rachel Jane Hughes, married Dr. 
Samuel Henderson {1804-1884), daughter, Lucy Henderson Horton.) 

<9) Will of Martha Hughes, dated Sept. 8, 1769, proved March 6, 
1770. Legatees: daughter, Martha Walton; three children, George 
Cox, Nully Cox, and Martha Walton. 

(10) Win of John Hughes, dated April 16, 1774, proved Feb. 27, 
1775. Legatees: wife and son, John. 

(11) Will of Leander Hughes, dated March 4, 1775, proved June 
26, 1775. Legatees: the following sons: Powell, Stephen, John and 
Archelaus (this last is Col. Archelaus Hughes). 

(12) D'eed, Sept. 10, 1746, from Leander Hughes, of Southran 
parish, Gbochland, to Henry Terry, conveying 390 acres in said parish. 

(13) Deed, May 16, 1750, from Stephen Hughes to his daughter, 
Elizabeth, wife of John Woodson. 


Since there have been so many Hughes- Woodson intermarriages, 
we refer those interested in these things to a beautiful little Revolu- 
tionary story entitled "Cornwallis' Kiss," written by Mrs. Williamson, 
the mother of Mrs. Howard Hodgkins. regent of the District of Columbia 
Daughters of the American Revolution. Mrs. Hodgkins has filled other 
offices of distinction in this order. 

Lord Cornwallis, on his way to Yorktown, while stopping in Gooch- 
land county, made "Dover," the home of the Woodsons, his headquarters. 
To quiet the mother's fear, Corpwallis kissed her baby, Mary Woodson, 

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in the cradle. This incident forms the theme of Mrs. Williamson's 
fascinating story. 

"Dover" was one of the most imposing homes of colonial Virginia. 
One of its most attractive features was the lovely stairway. This 
house was the home of Col, John Woodson, his wife, whose maiden 
name was Dorothea Randolf, and of his son. Major Josiah Woodson. 
Here Mary Woodson was bom, the baby whom Lord Comwallis hissed. 
Her portrait is in the possession of some of the family. In this portrait 
she wears a colonial cap. Mary Woodson became the wife of Dr. 
James W. Moss. Her daughter, Keturah Taylor, was the grandmother 
of James O'Fallon. 

The- Hughes, Woodsons, and Winstons have intermarried in every 
generation since colonial times. Some living representatives of the 
Hughes- Woodson connection (1914) are Judge Archelaus Woodson, 
of the Supreme Bench of Missouri, and Dr. Randolph W. Woodson, of 
Missouri, an expert on insanity cases, and their sisters and brothers. 
They are children of Margaret Hughes Woodson, and alt the brothers 
are distinguished lawyers. There are two sisters, Margaret and Jane. 
Here, as In every branch of our family, we find family names handed 
down. Judge Archelaus Woodson was named for Col. Archelaus 
Hughes. Randolph is a family name on the Woodson side, and Mary 
and Jane were named for Mary (Dalton) Hughes and for Jeaney 
(Hughes) Fulkerson. They are children of Margaret Hughes Woodson. 

The Redd family of this section, who were descendants of Sir Wm, 
Lionel Rufus de Redd, married into the Woodson, Hughes, and Dalton 
families, notably Ann (or Nancy) Redd, who in 1740, married Samuel 
Dalton (1699-1802). Jesse Redd and Mary Woodson were married in 
Goochland county, Virginia, Nov. 21, 1785 (see page 160, Virginia 
County Records, 1909). 

W. H. Woodson, of Liberty, Clay county, Missouri, descends from 
Sarah Hughes, a sister of Col. Archelaus Hughes, and John Woodson, 
of another generation from the John Woodson spoken of above. They 
had a son, Samuel Hughes Woodson, and he had a son, W. H. Wood- 
son, now living (1914). This John Woodson of whom we speak 
married, first, Sarah Hughes. His second wife was Rebecca Redd and 
his third wife, Alice Cheeke. This Woodson branch descends in direct 
line from "Dr. John Woodson, who came to America in 1619 on the ship 
George. He was accompanied by his brother-in-law, Anthony Win- 
stORi and by his own wife, Sarah Winston." One of his sons was the 
father of Governor Silas Woodson, of Missouri, and of Benjamin Jordan 
Woodson. Benjamin Jordan Woodson was the father of Judge Arche- 
laus Woodson, of the Supreme Bench of Missouri. Benjamin Jordan 
Woodson married Margaret Fulkerson, of Lee county, Virginia. She 
was a sister of Mary Dalton Fulkerson, who, by the way, was the grand- 
mother of Mrs. Ryland Todhunter, of Lexington, Missouri. Their father, 
John Fulkerson, who married Jeancy Hughes, a daughter of Colonel 
Archelaus Hughes, of Patrick county, Virginia, served at on« time in 



fhe Vtr{pnia senate, while two of his brothers wepe representatives. 
Jcrfin Fulkerson's fattier was a major in the Revolutionary war Iroim 
Washington county, Virginia. He was also an eaily Justice of the 
Peace and public benefactor. His wife, mother of John Fnlterson, 
-was ol a noted family of Long Island Patrons, as was he <8ee records of 
cdd Lennett church, New Jersey), Monmouth Chapter D. A. R., in 
1911, were restoring the church yard where some of them are buried. 

The graaddaughtef of Judge \uk Hook married James Fulkeraon 
in Virginia in 1747. From this branch of the Fulkersons, that is from 
the parents oi James Fulkerson, are descended the noted families of 
vhich General Frelenghusen and Henry Van Dyke are representatives. 

The writer has in her possession old family papers, bearing the 
signatures of Jeancy <HDghes> Fulkerson and her husband, John Fulker- 
son, «f Lee county, Virginia. Jeancy (Hughes) Fulkerson was a »ster 
of the writer's grandfether, Capt John Hughes (1776-18GD). 

We failed to state the fact that John Woodson left Virginia a«d 
settled in Knox county, Kentucky, after his first marriage. 

We will firet copy extracts from a book written by Mrs. Elizabeth 
Winston Campbell fiendricks, of Washington, D. C These references, 
showing Hughes- Winston connection, were furnished me by U. S. 
Senator E. W. PeHus, of Alabama, in 1906: 

1. Isaac Winston, the Saxon immigrant, married about 1740 in 
Virginia, Mary Ann Fontaine. Their son, Peter Winston, married Qiz- 
abeth Powell. Their son, John Winston, married Miss Austm. Their 
daughter, Mary Ann Winston, married Peter Denoville. Their daugh- 
ter Elizabeth, married William Bright. Their daughter, Susan Bright, 
married a Mr. Hughes. 

2. Sarah Winston, a granddau^ter of Isaac Winston, the immi- 
grant, and mother of Patrick Henry, had a daughter named Lucy Henry, 
who married Valentine Wood. Their daughter married Judge Peter 
Johnston. Their son, Charles Johnston, married Emily Preston. And 
their daughter, ETizabeth, married Judge Robert Hughes. 

3. William Winston, one of the immigrants, about 1730, married 
Sarah Dabney {who was the mother o! Judge Edmund Winston and 
Sarah Winston, the mother of Patriclc Henry). 

4. William Wmston and his wife, Sarah Dabney, had another 
daughter named Mary Ann, who married Dr. John Walker. Their son, 
also named Dr. John Walker, married Susan Christian. Their daugh- 
ter, Maria Walker, married Dr. M. Spencer. Their daughter, Ann Spen- 
cer, married B. Nowlan, and their daughter, Virginia Nowlan, married 
John Hughes. 

We wiH quote from the letter of U. S. Senator E. W. Pettus: 
"So far as I am informed my first known ancestor, on the Winston side, 
was Isaac Wii^on, of York, England. Three of his grandsons, Isaac, 
WiOtam and Anthony, settled in Hanover county, Virginia. Isaac Win- 
ston, the Saxon, was my first American ancestor, and lived in Han- 
over county, Virginia, before 1700, His son, Anthony, married Alice 


Taylor, Sept. 29, 1723. He lived in Hanover and had a son, 
named Anthony, born Nov. 27, 1752, and this last named Anthony was 
my grandfather. He moved to Buckingham county, Virginia, and 
married Kizia Jones, in 1776. My mother was Alice Taylor Winston 
and my father was John Pettus, of FluvaTia county, Virginia. My 
grandfather, Anthony Winston, moved to Davidson county, Tennessee, 
with his family, near the Hermitage, and, later in life, he followed his 
children to Alabama. Edmund Winston, of Franklin, Tennessee, who 
died last year, was a son of my uncle, Edmund Winston, of Lagrange, 

Then he adds, by way of P. S.; "General Wade Hampton's moth- 
er was a Preston and she was of the Winston stock." 

Edmund Winston, of Franklin, referred to in this letter, married 
Josephine Cocke, of Chattanooga, Tenn,, who comes of a well-known 
Virginia family. They had no children. Edmund Winston, of Lagrange, 
Tenn., was a fine type of the ante-bellum Southern gentleman. 

Edmund W. Pettns 

Edmund W. Pettus served Alabama in United States senate. He 
was a man of ability, and his character was such that he held the 
friendship of Senator Pugh, over whom he was elected to the U. S. 
senate. Indeed, the friendship of Pugh, Morgan and Pettus, and the 
combined efforts of these three for public good, caused them to be 
■ spoken of as "Alabama's great triumvirate," 

Pettus was a man who was quoted by Washington newspaper men 
a great deal. He was held in great veneration by them, "But his quaint, 
old-fashioned simplicity, his unfailing good nature, bis constant droll 
humor, terse and frank speech, combined to make him a frequent sOiirce 
of interest, especially to those whose mission it was to supply-anec- 
dotes of public men." 

Sometimes these anecdotes were a bit trying on him, but, with his 
unfailing philosophy, he would say, "Well, I suppose I am legitimate 

He by no means escaped life's sorrows. His son, Frank Pettus, 
who was an honored leader among strong men in Alabama^ died in tiie 
prime of life. His beloved wife, the companion of his youth and old 
age, passed over the river before him. Only a few months before her 
death he had spoken of her as "the handsomest 88-year-old girl in the 

Senator Pettus was a man trusted in his larger sphere just as he 
had at home been honored, trusted, and beloved; a man to inspire 
fresh faith in human nature. 

John A. Winston, governor of Alabama 1853-57, was closely related 
to Senator Pettus. Winston county, Alabama, was named for the 


The assertion is sometimes made that all old Virginia families are 
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related. We will quote from the history of Southwestern Virginia, by 
Lewis Preston Summers, ol Abingdon, Virginia, to show some Hughes 
connection with the Preston family. Page 794: "Judge Robert William 
Hughes, born in Powhatan county, Virginia, June 16, 1821, was reared 
by Mrs. General Carrington, a daughter of General Francis Preston, 
of Abingdon. He was educated at Caldwell Institute, Greensboro, N. 
C; tutor in Bingham, N. C. High School 1840-43.; lawyer in Richmond, 
Virginia, 1843-53; editor Richmond Examiner 1850-57; commissioned 
judge Eastern District of Virginia by Grant, served until 1898 and re- 
signed. June 4, 1850, at Governor's mansion, Richmond, Virginia, he 
married Miss Eliza M. Johnston, daughter of Hon. Charles C. John- 
ston and Eliza May Preston, niece of General Joseph E. Johnston. He 
was author of valuable "Reports," and others, "Lee and His Lieuten- 
ants," etc. In 1866 Judge Hughes fought a duel with Cameron, after- 
ward governor of Virginia, and broke his rib at first fire. Judge Hughes 
died Dec. 10, 1901, at Sinking Spring. For many years he occupied 
a summer home on his line estate three miles east of Abingdon. 

A Preston connection comes through Col. Peter H. Dillard. Col. 
Dillard was an uncle of Lucinda Redd, who married Hon. William Bal- 
lard Preston, Secretary of Navy in Taylor's cabinet 1849-1850. He 
represented Virginia in U. S. congress as a Whig 1847-49. He was a 
Confederate Senator in 1862. Preston was bom in 1805, and died in 
1862 {see Dictionary of U. S. History by Jameson). We have never 
been able to trace the relationship of Lucinda Redd's father to the Ann 
(or Nancy) Redd, wife of Samuel Dalton (1699-1802). They were 
different families; and yet through the Dillard-Hughes line there is 
descent from Nancy (Redd) Dalton. 

Three members of this family of Redd, of which Lucinda (Redil> 
Preston was a member, married grandchildren of Gov. Patrick Henry 
by the name of Fontaine. 

Frances Cowles says in "A Comer in Ancestors," published in 
Nashville Banner, March 28, 1914: "There were many distinguished 
men, governors, senators, and soldiers in the Preston family. In facr 
there was hardly a son of the family who did not distinguish himself in 
some way, and it was proudly said by the Prestons that the members 
of this family alone have done quite as much for the service of the 
country as all Mayflower descendants put together. This sounds like a 
gross exaggeration, but anyone who has studied the annals of the 
family during the first one hundred years of their residence in this 
country can understand that the proud Preston who made this state- 
ment has some ground for his assertion." Frances Cowles further says: 
"William Preston has been called the most finished orator the South 
ever produced, and this not even excepting his maternal uncle, Patrick 

Major John HevJOe Hti0tes 

We wiU copy from a book, The Merriwethers, pages I4S-9— "Ann 

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Merriwether, a great-granddaughter of Nicholas Memwetlier, imrrried 
Major Jofin Neville Hughes, who was of Welsh descent. Traditfon 
says they have the btood of ancient kings of Britain; however, they 
have been reconstructed, snd, at the present day, are good Democrats. 
He was born in Powhatarv county, Vrrginra, Aag. f I, 1763. At the age 
of fifteen he left Hampton^Sydncy CoHege and enRsted in the RevoTu- 
tionary army, serving until the close of the war. At the age of twenty 
He married Ann Merriwether; and they had many children, fonrteen ol 
whom arrived at maturity. 

lUajor John N, Hughes, an adventurous spirit, came West in I78R. 
He served again in the war of 151Z. He died on his farm on the Ohio 
river, six miles bekrw Louisville, Kentucky, Dec. It, 1842. He survived 
all of his children except five. JWajor Hughes was a great-grandfather of 
Miss Martha HughesofJeffers(Hicounty,Kentucky. Major John N.Hughes 
is, we thinh, baried in Nicholasville, jessamine county, Kentucky. 
Oe«^e WaHon 

The mother of George Walton, the Mgner of the Declaration of l»- 
dependence, waa Sally Hughes, of Powhatan county, Virginia (see page 
154, North CaroGna Register, Vols. 1-2, 1900-1901). 

The above mentioned George Walton was reared and educated by 
his uncle, George Walton, who married Martha Hughes (see original 
county records of Hughes in this book). He was bom in Prince Edward 
county, Virginia. We have proved above that he was a grandson of 
Jesse Hughes, of Hughes Creetc plantation, in Powhatan county, Va. 
We are told that some of the Jesse Hughes branch Hved in Prince Ed- 
ward county, Va. (American Ancestry, Vol. 4, 1889, pages T7-78). The 
writer has in her possession, among old family pa|>ers, one showing 
that her great-graiulfather. Colonel Archelaus Hughrs, owned valuable 
land in Prince Edward county, Virginia. This land, consisting of two 
hundred and thirty acres, lying on Spring Creek, in 1779 sold for two 
thousand pounds, "current money of Virginia." This was something 
like ten thousand dollars, which must have been considered a good 
price in 1779 for 230 acres. 

We find the Hughes, Daltons, Waltons, and Martins, all of the same 
family connection, together in eastern Virginia, and later some of them 
in Fdrfax county, Virginia, and in Albemarle, whence they moved to 
Southwestern Vir^nia and to Georgia. Some moved to Charieston, S. 
C. George Walton, on leaving Virginia, settled in Savannah, Georgia, 
whither Samuel Dalton (1619-1802) had gone in early manhood; but 
returned to Vir^nia — as he thought— but on the North Carrfina side of 
the boundary line. 

In 1777 George Walton married Dorothy Camt>er, daughter of an 
English nobleman, who resided in Chatham county, Georgia. He later 
lived at Augusta, Georgia. Here his old home, "Meadow Garden," is 
now the property of the D. A. R. We are glad to say that "Old Glory" 
chapter, D. A. R., at Franklin, Tennessee, of which the writer is a char- 
tei member, contributed to the purchase of "Meadow Garden." 

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George WaKon, the uncle and educator of Uie Uglier of the Decla- 
ration of Independence, whose wife was Martha Hughes, in his latter 
years moved to Wilks county, OeOTgia. Here some of the daughters of 
Daniel Frame lived after marriage. The writer has letters among old 
family papers showing this. 

The writer has in her possession a deed of gift of land from George 
Walton to Daniel Frame. 

The year after his marriage we find George Walton leading his 
regiment in defense of Savannah. Here he was desperately wounded 
and taken prisoner by the enemy. General Robert Howe addressed 
him a letter of sympathy and commended him for his bravery. In a 
letter written by Walton at this time to his young wife with the proba- 
bilities of death threatening him, he says "Remember that you are the 
Ijeloved wife of a man who has made honor and reputation the ruling 
motive of every action of his life." He was Georgia's first Governor; 
and was again made Governor in 1789. Walton was sue times a repre- 
sentative to congress. He was in U. S. senate 1795-96. He was four 
times Judge of the Supreme Court, and was Chief Justice of the state 
oi Georgia. In 1791 we find him living at "Meadow Garden," Augus- 
ts, Georgia. This was his home until the year of his death, 1804. Under 
its hospitable roof was entertained the best, the bravest, the most cul- 
tured in the land. George Washington was George Walton's guest at 
"Meadow Garden" when he visited Augusta in May, 1791. When ttw 
Marquis de Lafayette was in Augusta, in 1824, he visited "Meadow 
Garden" because it had tieen the home of his "valued friend, George 
Walton" (see American Monthly Magazine for June, 1899, pages 

Madame Octavla WaHon U Vert 

Madame Le Vert was a granddaughter of George Walton. She 
wrote a fascinating st iry of her travels abroad. In the publishers p'eface to 
"Souvenirs of Travel," by J.ladame Le Vert, Vol. 1, A is said "Her social 
poation at home, and an extensive acquaintance with the highest circles 
abroad, gave her femiliar access to scenes and personages and condi- 
tions of life not ordinarily within the reach of the foreign trdveler. The 
mystic veil, which hides the penetralia of courtly and aristocratic so- 
ciety, was lifted for her eyes. The gifts of personal loveliness were hers 
in a very high degree; but in her intelluctual accomplishments, and the 
perpetual sunshine of a gay and joyous spirit, always amiable, kind, 
and considerate, gave to their possessor her chief charm." She was 
the wife of Dr. Henry S. Le Vert, a learned and eminent physician, of 
Mobile, Alabama. She would playfully call him "M. D." 

Among her most intimate hiends was Lady Emiline Stuart Wortly, 
a daughter of the Duke of Rutland, and of the household of Queen 
Victoria; another friend was Frederika Bremer, the gifted novelist of 
Sweden. In 1853 she visited Belvoir Castle of the Dufce of Rutland, a 

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noble old baioniaF structure. 

In 1855 Madame Le Vert made anether visit to Europe. Sfie also 
tarried a few weeks in the briinant city of Havana, Cuba. 

Old people in the South are still (1914) fond of recounting the social 
triumphs of Madame Le Vert. One old lady, Mrs. Childress, who was 
a Nashville girl at the time, tells with pride of having danced in Mobile, 
Ala. On one occasion she danced in a set with Madame La Vert, Mrs. 
Walton, her mother, and the daughter of Madame Le Vert. Three gen- 
erations were represented. Madame Le Vert often when dancing wore 

Mme. Le Vert was a member of the Monnt Vernon Ladies* Asso- 
ciation, which was founded in 1853. The object of this assodatfon was 
tu preserve for aK time America's chief shrine— the home and tomb oE 


Orlando and Leander Hughes, brothers, who came to Vir^nia from 
Wales about 1700, had, as we have proved, grants of land in Powhatan 
and Goochland counties. Orlando made his home in Powhatan county, Va. 
His wife's name was Elizabeth, as shown in his will. His sons were 
Anthony, Josiah, and Leander. He also had a daughter who married 
John Maney. Orlando Hughes, in his will made Leander and his son-in- 
law, John Maney, executors. This will was proved Sept. 26, 17©. 

The will of Leander, son of Orlando, was proved June 26, 1775. 
His legatees were his sons, Powell, Stephen, John, and Archelaus. John 
Hughes, son of Leander, son of Oriando, is sp(riten of as the offspring 
of intermarriage between the Hughes'family of Welsh blood and the 
Jesse Hughes branch of Huguenot blood. That these two Hughes 
branches intermarried, see pages 77-78, American Ancestry, Vol. 4, 
1889, Muncell's sons, publishers. See also Frances Cowles. 

This Major John Hughes married Ann (or Nancy) Menriwether, of 
the well known Virginia family. We have already given a sketch of 
this man as copied from a book. The Merriwethers, pages 148-9. 

This man's son, John Hughes, married Anne Moore, a daughter of 
olutionary fame. In fact he was only ax years old when Col. Archelaus 
Hughes married Mary Dalton in 1769. John Hughes was a member of 
the Loyal Land Company of Southwestern Virginia. This company was 
composed of forty-two genttemen. Samuel Dalton (1693-1802) was 
also a member of the Loyal Land Company. See History of South- 
western Virginia by Thos. Preston Somers. The elder James Madison, 
father of President James Madison, was a member of the Loyal Land 

This Loyal Land Company consisting of forty-two gentlemen, had 
two grants of land, one grant of a hundred and twenty thousand acres, 
and another of eight hundred thousand acres, making in all nine hundred 
and twenty thousand acres of land. In Thomas Preston Somer's Histo- 
ry of Southwestern Virginia there is recorded a toast given by Jtrfin 

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Hughes at soine gathering of this company. 

This man's son, John Hughes, married Ann Moore, a daughter of 
Matthew JWoore, and his wile, Letitia Daltoti (see Moore). Mrs. Susan 
Letitia Rice Qotworthy of Hillman, Georgia, has the will of Matther 
Moore, who was her great-great-grandlather. This will is nine pages 
on foolscap paper, in the will Matthew Moore mentions his "daugh- 
ter Anne, wife of John Hughes" and he also left a sum of money to 
educate her son. Archflaus Hughes. There are many John and Arche- 
laus Hughes. OJ course the name came from his irncle Archelaus 
hughes of the Revolutlan. Among the children of Matthew Moore, one 
son married a sasler of General William Martin, of Williamson county, 
Tennessee, One 9on married a sister of General Edmund Pendleton 

Colonel Archelaas Hi^hes 

Archelaus Hughes, son of Leander, son of Orlando who came to 
Virginia from Wales about 1700, was l>orn in Goochland county, Vir- 
ginia, in 1747. His lather, Leander Hughes, was bom and reared in 
Powhatan county, Va. After his marriage he Tived in Goochland 
county. Her^ his children were bom. 

When quite young, Archelaus Hughes went to Pittsylvania county, 
Va., to live. He was married to Mary Dalton, daughter of Samuel Dal- 
ton (1699-1802), of Mayo, Sept. 25, 1769. We have given a sketch of 
Mary Dalton, daughter of Samuel Dalton, of Rockingham county, N. C, 
under bead "Dallon." Among old family papers which have come 
down to the writer from her grandfather, Captain John Hughes (1776- 
1860), who administered on the estate of his father. Col. Archelaus 
Hughes, is a paper showing that "Archelaus Hughes and John Wim- 
bish of Virginia" paid for a bill of goods bought from John Lidderdale. 
of London, England, in 1769. These goods, bought in London, contain- 
ed wedding toggery. 

After this mariage Archelaus Hughes lived in what is now Pat- 
rick county, Va. This had twen cut off from Pittsylvania county as 
Henry county, named in honor of Patrick Henry, whose home was here, 
and then another division was made; and the part in which Col. Arche- 
laus Hughes lived was called Patrick county, also in honor of Patrick 

Thdr home was called "Hughesville," and was the first frame 
house built in what is now Patrick Co. It was about ten miles from the 
home of Samuel Dalton on Mayo river. In calhng their home "Hughes- 
ville" they were following an old Saxon custom. A ^ngle farm house in 
Scotland is still called a town (see page 54, Leading Facts of English 
History by Montgomery). The first Saxon settlements were called 
towns or tun, meaning a fence or hedge, because they were surrounded 
by a rampart of earth, set with a thick hedge. One or more houses 
might constitute a town. Possibly the custom of sometimes having 
the snfiix ~ville" to the names of some Southern homes lay in the fact 



that here not only was the house in which the master lived but also 
the Negro quarters and other accessories of the old-time plantation. 
Indeed, an old'time Southern plantation was like a little common- 
wealth. We know from <rid family papers that at HughesvUle was a 
blacksmith shop and a country store. Col. Archelaus Hughes had large 
landed estates, but he seemed to like to add to hts income through 
merchandise. He operated seven stores in different localities. "Hughes- 
ville," a house of ten rooms, still stands (1912), and is in a very good 
state of preservation. 

All of the children of Col. Archelaus Hughes and his wife, Mary 
Dalton, were bom at "HughesvUle." We like to feel certain of our 
assertions. The writer holds an old letter written by their son, Leander, 
in his old age, to his brother, Captain John Hughes, in v/hich he speaks 
of living in the "old home in which they were both bom and grew to 
manhood." Thnletter was written in 1859. 

On the twenty-seventh day of Sept., 1775, Archelaus Hughes was 
appointed, by the Committee of Safety, captain of a company of malitia 
ii^ Pittsylvania county, Va. (see American Monthly Magazine for June, 
1912, page 255). Here quotation is made from original county records. 
Later he was made colonel of a Virginia regiment (see page 415, Vol. 
IX, Virginia Magazine of History and Biography). 

"Hughesville" was situated on the regular stage and mail route. 
It was a home of large hospitality. Many friends from different parts 
of the country on their way to White Sulphur Springs would make it a 
point to visit "Hughesville." 

Col. Archelaus Hughes and his wife are buried at "Hughesville." 
Indeed the old family graveyard here Is full of Hughes graves. 

Dr. Robert Hunter Daiton, the family chronicler, who was bom and 
reared in Rockingham county, N. C, which is near Patrick county, Va., 
was often at "Hughesville." He speaks of attending the wife of Col. 
Archelaus Hughes as a physician, "Aunt MoUie Hughes." Dr. R. H. 
DaHon says that Col. Archelaus Hughes held some civil office under 
George Washington's administratioln as President. This office called 
him to Philadelphia. He said that in Philadelphia society Mary Dalton 
Hughes proved herself an attractive and cultured woman. She had had 
the honor of knowing George Washington in his home at Mount Vernon 
, when she would visit her uncle, John Dalton, at Alexandria. We have 
shown elsewhere of the association of Jdin Dalton and George Wash- 
ington (see Dalton). 

We learn from old family papers that (^1. Archelaus Hughes wa^ an 
extensive land owner. Some tract of land belonging to him in Patrick 
county, Va., is spoken of as joining Fontaine's and Walton's line. He 
owned valuable land in Prince Edward county, Va. This county was 
the old home of George Walton. He also owned land on Snow 
Creek, Stokes county, N. C. In 1794 he bought land from Samud 
Walker in Surry county. He owned property about Leaksville. Jeancy 
(Hu^cb) Fulkerson and her husband. Col. John Fulkerson, scdd land in 

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Lee 'ccraity, Va^ "«f tbe estate of CoL Archetaus Hugihet." Jeancy 
■Fulkerson was a daughter of Col. Archetaus Hughes. 

In 1796, Archelaus Hughes settled a family account with Henry L 
fiiscoe. This included "Linen sheeting and 16 yards black l>onibazet, 3 
papers gilt pins, 1 yard swansdown, 1 pair knee buckles, pewter dishes," 
etc. For these be paid in L. S. Di His family accounts baow that much 
li:ien sheeting was bought by him. 

If the writer should record all names on business papers belonging 
tu CoL Hughes it would convey a good idea of all people who lived in , 
Xhis section at that time. 

Mary (Dalton) Hughes wrote a splendid hand. It is thin Italian. 
Her husband, CoL Hughes, wrote a fine twld hand. When we come to 
their children the penmanship is still good. The writer Aas idhn Hughes' 
41776-1860) signature as witness on one of his father's notes, when he 
was «xteen years old. It is written in splendid hand. But when we 
xeach the grandchildren many of them show carelessness in writing. To 
this rule, however, there are exceptions. Rachel Jane (Hughes) Hender- 
son, the mother of the writer, received at school a card of merit for 
good penmanship. 

Some of the Hughes family became converts of Mr. Whitfield, and 
later were known as Methodista. We quote from Thackeray: "Mr. 
Whitfield had come into Virginia where the habits and preaching of the 
established clergy were not very edifying. Unlike many of the neighbor- 
ing provinces, Virginia was a Church of England cdony: the clergy were 
paid by the state and had glebes allotted to them; and there being no 
Church of England bishc^ as yet in America, the colonists were obliged 
to import ttieir divines from the mother country. Such as came were, 
naturally, not of die very ttest, or most eloquent land of pastors. Noble- 
man's hangers-on, insolvent parsons who had quarreled with justice, 
or Bie bailiff, brought their stained cassocks into the colony in hopes 
of finding a living there. No wonder that Mr. Whitfield's great voice 
stirred the people." 

After the death of Col. Archelaus Hughes in 1798, hb wife still lived 
here, and diqiensed Southern hospitality in a lavish way until her 
death in 1841. At the time of her death she was in her ninety-tiiird 
year. Dr. Robert Hunter Dalton, the nephew, who knew her well and 
loved her, said that his aunt, although she lived to be so old, never had 
any wrinkles in her face like most old people. Every one of the connec- 
tion who remembeied her said that ehe was bright and cheerful always. 
Oildren o( CohNuU Archdus Hngbes and Um wife, Mary Dtftcn 

We do not know the order ot their births. 

1. Leander Hughes, died unmarried, aged ninet]--seven years, at 

2. Archelaus Hughes, married Nancy Martin, daughter of Captain 
<and Rev.) Wm. Martin and his wife Rachel Dalton. 

3. WnHam Hughes, married, first, Moore; second, Alice (or Alsey) 
Carr, of N. C. 

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4. Jeancy Hughes, marrisd Col. John Futkerson of Lee cminfy. Vs. 

5. John Hughes, bom Aug. 3, 1T76; married Sally Martin, daugh- 
ter of Captain (and Rev.) Wm. Martin and iis wife, Rachel Dalton,. 
Feb. 7, 1798. He died Dec. 26^ I860. 

6. Samuel Hughes, died a bachelor, aged sixty-eight He served 
ill Virginia senate, etc 

7. Reuben Hughes. 

6. Nancy Hughes, inarried Brett StovaE 

9. Madison Redd Hughes, married three times; Gist, Mooce; sec- 
ond, Mathews; Ibiii, Sally Dillard. 

10. SaBy Hughes, married CoL Joseph Martin, of Henry county. 
Va., son of General Jos^b Martin. 

11. Matilda Hughes, married Gen John DiSard, son of Capt. John 
Dillard of the Revoluttwi. 

L Lcandor Hugties 

Lcandcr Hughes, son of CoL Arcbelaus Hughes and kis wife, Mary 
Dalton, was born at "Hughesville." Leander Hughes inberited this 
old place, and at his death gave it to his niece, Mary (Martin) McCabe, 
eldest daughter o( CoL Josepli Martin and his wife, S^e HugtKs. She 
had lived with him in his old age and made life pleasant for him. 

Mary (Martin) McCabc left "HugbesviBe" to her son, John Mc- 
Cabe, and he, in turn, left it to the widow of Tom McCabe, a Hughes 
relative. The widow of Tom McCabe bad been twice married. Her 
first husband was Tom Staples, brother of John Staples. John Staples 
was one of Virginia's best lawyers. Staples lived at "Hughesville" and 
took an interest in keeping up the place. He made his home here with 
the McCabe family. He was a bachelor. 

IL Archdsus Hughes 

Arcbelaus Hughes, son of Col. Archelaus Hughes, who commanded 
a Virginia re^ment during the Revolutionary war, and his wife, Mary 
Dalton, was born about 1771. Archelaus II. married Nancy Martin,\^ 
daughter of Wm. Martin and his wife, Rachel Dalton. Two brothers, 
Archelaus and John Hughes, married sisters, and these sisters were 
their first cousins. 

Archelaus Hughes was born at "Hughesville" in Patrick county, 
Va. This family had a penehant for legislative assemblies. He served 
in the Legislature of Virginia; a4ld was a cultered gentleman. 

Nancy Martin, his wife, was a daughter of Capt. (artd Rev.) Wm. 
Martin and his wife, Rachel Dalton. She was a niece of Gen. Joseph 
Martin; and of the brave old patriot of "Rock House," Col. Jack Martin. 
Elsewhere we copy a letter written by Nancy (Martin) Hughes to her 
son, Archelaus M. Hughes, in Williamson county, Tennessee. This 
letter was written in 1831 from the home of her mother, Rachel (Daltwi) 
Martin, in Stokes county, N. C. She said in her letter that she would 
slay with her daughter, Letty, while Colonel Winston was od attending 

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the legislaTure at Kalelgh. This daughter was Letty (Hughes) Win- 
ston, the wife of Col., afterward Oeneral, Joseph Winston, who lived 
at the ancestral home of Major Joseph Winston, hero of King's Moun- 
tain. This son, Joseph, kdierited fte kome through bis JaAer's will, 
which is given elsewhere. 

This letter proves Nancy <Martin) Hughes to tave been a 
-cultured, refined and warm-hearted woman, this being characteristic 
of the family. Her sisters, Safly (Martin) Hughes and Susan (Martin) 
Moore, were ol this tjpe; and Cd Wm. Martin, «f WilGanson county, 
Tennessee, is said to have been "a man of warm lieart and courtly 

OiMreti of ArchdaM Hnfhes ui Hh Wte, Nane; Maitia 

1. MatSiew Hughes. 

2. Polly Hughes, married a Mr. Dobson. 

3. Hugibes, married — Banner, d StoliXE couifty, 

N. C They were parents of John Banner. 

4. Nancy Hu^es. Uie youngest child, married, 1837, lale in life. 

5. Arcbelaus M. Hughes, married and Gved in Tennessee. He 
Tan for congress against Davy Crockett. He had six children; one being 
named W91ian Martin Hu^es, another Brice Hughes, who was the 
htther of Mrs. Lizzie Fowlks, of Dyvrsbarg, Tenn. 

6. Letitia Hughes, married Oen. Jos^ Winston, son ot Major 
Joseph Winston, of Stokes county, N. C. They lived, first, in St<Aes 
county, N, C, later moving to Missouri. We give her descendants in 
full dsewheic 

General Joseph Winston and his wife Letitta, or Letty, as she was 
called by the family, were cousins. The wife of Major Joseph Winston, 
of King's Mountain fame, was a sister of Rachel (Dalton) Martin, grand- 
mother of Letty Hughes. Gen. Joseph Winston moved with his family 
tu Platte county, Missouri, in \VS9. She <Bed in Nov., 1855. 

Patrick .Henry, who lived at one time in Henry county, Va., and 
whose descendants have intermarried extensivdy with this family con- 
nection, was himself of this Winston family. His mother was Sarah 
Winston. His only brother had no children; but they had many sisters, 
ad of whom left descendants. Elizabeth Henry's first husband was 
Gen. Wm. Campbell, hero of King's Mountain, and ancestor of the 
Preston's of South Carolina; also an ancestor of Mrs. James S. PUcher 
of Nashville, Tenn, Anna Henry, sister of Patrick Henry, was the wife 
of Oen. Christian, Mrs. Wood, sister of Patrick Henry, was the grand- 
mother of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston. Mrs, Madison was the ancestor of 
many of flie Lewises. Among the descendants of Letitia Hughes and 
her husband, Gen, Joseph Winston, which we give in full elsewhere, will 
be found many distinguished names of men and women In Missouri and 
elsewhere of Hughes-Winston-Woodson, etc^ connection. Some- 

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thing of their genealogy can be found in the History of Pbtte cotrnry, 

Aiclidnft M. Hashes DL 

ArcheTaus M. Hughes Iff., son of Archelaus Hughes 11^ and his 
wife, Nancy Martin, came to Tennessee to live when a boy. He first 
made Iiis home t'n Williamson county with hfs uncle. Gen. Wm. Martin. 
Gen. Martin lived in the old house in which, later, the writer was born 
and reared. His coming fo live with his uncle, who was a bachetur, 
was hailed with deKght. Gen. Martin wrote back a letter t» the family, 
in which he says: "Archetaus seems a part of myself." While in 
Williamson county, Tenn., the letter we record elsewhere from the 
mother, Nancy Martin Mughes, was wrrtten to him m 1831. From 
Williamson county he went to Dresden, Tenn., to live, and, while living 
here, became a candidate for congress. His opponent wan Dnvy 
Crockett. AKhelaus M, Hughes wrote to his uncle, Gen. Wm. Martin, 
e! WiHiamson county, from Dresden, Tenn., Aug. 30, 1837, in which 
he says: "1 was badly Iseaten for congress by young Crockett. No 
man could have beaten him at this time. 1 knew it, but as I was first 
out, I would ^ot back down." In his old letters the names Wm. E. 
Anderson, of Nashville; Wm. H. Johnson, of Dresden, his kinsnian; 
Robert E. C. Daugherty; W. H. Hunt; and his cousin, Brice V. Martin, 
are spoken of bmiliarly. Archelaus M. Hughes died Aug. 25, 1838. 

We will quote from a letter, written at the time of his death by 
Wm. H. Johnson, whom Archelaus Hughes had spoken of as his "partic- 
ular friend and relation." He speaks of Johnson also as "State Senator 
from this district." Johnson wrote General Martin from Dresden, Tenn., 
Aug. 26, 1838: "I have the very uinipleasant intelligence to communicate 
to you, the death of Archelaus M. Hughes. He departed this life yester- 
day after an illness of ten days with congestive fever. He had as good 
medical aid as there is in the district, but his bafUcd their skill, 
and our founty has lost one of its most worthy citizens, and his family 
oi>e of the kindest husbands and the most tender [parents." He left 
fix children. He had just received the appointment of cashier in a oank 
in Kentucky carrying a splendid salary; and he was to have charge of 
this business the very day he died. "How uncertain is the di^iensation 
ot Providence," Wm. H. Johnson adds. 

ItL SaOy (Hngbes) Martin 

Sally Hughes, daughter of Col. Archelaus Hughes and his wife, 
Mary Dalton, was bom at "Hu^esville," their homestead, in what is 
now Patrick county, Virginia, 

After her marriage to Col. Joseph Martin, son of Gen. Joseph Mar- 
tin, April 27, 1810, they built a splendid home in Henry county, Va. 
This home has always been known as "Greenwood." It was near 
"Leather wood," the old home of Patrick Henry, Also it was near 
"Belmont," the home of Gen. Martin. This home of Oen. Joseph Martiii 

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had been purchased from Benjamin Harrison of Berkley (Virginia 
Magazine and Biography, Vol. in article on Gen. Joseph Martin). 

Sally Hughes Martin was one of the most remarlcable women of 
her day. She was possessed of rare personal beauty and great intelli- 

"Greenwood" was for fifty years the center of old-fashioned hos- 
pitality; and "she was the queen of the household, the light of the 
home." Their circle of friends and relatives extended over many states. 

She was for sixty years a member of the Baptist church. She 
survived her husband twenty-three years; and at the time of her death 
was in her ninety-second year, and was the ancestor of one hundred 
ard fifty descendants. Among the children of Col. Joseph Martin and 
his wife, Sally Hughes, the girls were noted for their beauty and attract- 
iveness, and the boys were worthy men. Their children were given 
the finest educational advantages. Under head "Martin" we give sketch- 
e.{ of their children. 

IV. Captain jdba Hughes (1776-1860) 

John Hughes, son of Col. Archelaus Hughes and his wife, Mary 
Dalton, was born at "Hughesville," the family homestead in Patrick 
county, Va.* Aug. 3, 1776. Here he grew to manhood. 

The year 1798 was to him a memorable year. On Feb. 7, 1798, he 
was married to his cousin, the lovely and graceful Sally Martin, daughter 
ci Capt. (and Rev.) Wm. Martin and his wife, Rachel Dalton, of Snow 
Creek, Stokes county, N. C. John Hughes was a member of the Vir- 
ginia le^slature at the time of the passage of the famous "JMadison 
Resolutions of 1798." He spoke on these resolutions and voted for 
their passage. Everybody knows that these resolutions led up to 
Nullification and Secession. 

In 1798, his father, Archelaus Hughes, died, and John Hughes 
was made administrator of his father's estate. In this way many valu- 
able old family papers of Col. Archelaus Hughes have come into the hands 
of the writer. Among these papers are grants of land signed by Thos. 
Jefferson and Patrick Henry in 1768. 1769, etc. She has a deed of gift 
of land from George Walton to Daniel Frame, a kinsman of this man. 
She has letters from Daniel Frame after he moved to Kentucky. 

hi Annals of Platte County, Missouri, by Wm. M, Paxton, page 57, 
can be seen something of Frame-Hughes marriage. Here, we are told, 
Andrew 5. Hughes' mother was Margaret Frame, bom 1758, a daughter 
of David Frame. Andrew S. Hughes was bom in Kentucky on Feb. 9, 
1789; died in Plattsburg, Dec. 3, 1843. He married Rhoda Metcalfe in 
1829 in Fayette county, Ky. Later he moved to Clay county, Missoun. 
We are told that the "Metcalfe family is one of the most distinguished 
families of Kentucky." "A volume would be required to record their 
boncM^ in civil and military life." Descent is from — 

I. Francis Metcalfe, of Yorkshire, England. 

II. John Metcalfe, who came to ^nrginia m 1760. 



III. John, his son, born in Fauquer county, Va., came to Kentucky 
III 1784. His children were: Thomas Metcalfe, tne old "btone-hammer" 
Governor of Kentucky, Bela, Sarah, Rhode D., married Gen, Andrew 

This Platte County History was published in 1903. The author 
lived to be over ninety years old. 

Since the close of the war between the States the name of the 
county seat of Patrick has been changed from Taylorsville to Stuart, 
in honor ol General J. E. B. Stuart, of Confederate memory. 

In Virginia, tobacco seems to have been one of the chief sources 
of revenue. We find John Hughes making large sales cf tobacco to Wm. 
King of Abingdon, Va., in 1806. In 1796, when only twenty years ot 
age, John Hughes had an account with Buckanan, Dunlop it Co., at 
Petersburg, amounting to 2,913 pounds. We can see that he did busi- 
ness with men in Lynchburg, Petersburg, and Richmond. Later he had 
dealings with men in Mobile and Huntsville, Alabama. He and other mem- 
bers of his family would often visit the home of Gov. Gabriel Moore, a 
first cousin of John Hughes, near Huntsville. The families had been 
reared together in Virginia and were very intimate. Also John Hughes 
had dealings with men in New Orteans and in Nashville. Sometimes hi: 
would exchange his produce for groceries in Mobile and New Orleans. 

A friend in Madison, N. C, sends a letter by "Capt. Dalton's" hand 
to ](Am Hughes, in which he speaks of Mr. Dandridge ^ving him 
property. John Hughes was of Dandridge descent. 

On April 5, 1834, John Hughes sold sixty-two bales of cotton in 
New Orleans for $2370.2a He often sold cotton after moving to Ten- 
nessee. He also sold tobacco in New Orleans and Mobile. 
We are glad to say that this man had dealings with James Robertson, 
"the father of Tennessee." 

In 1826 John Hughes gave a note to Thos. Henderson, promising 
to pay him nineteen hundred dollars. This was witnessed by Hon. B. G. 
Killings worth. He promised to pay this "in the circulating medium of 
the State of Tennessee," The writer has Thos. Henderson's autograph, 
written March 1, 1827. One old account shows that John Hughes sold 
in different lots ninety-eight bales of cotton, forty-six and sixty-one bales. 

In an account book we see this entry: "July 22, 1819 — This day left 
with Capt. Campbell of the agency in Leaksville, $23 for interest — my 
bond to be renewed the twenty-second day of September, next for 
fifteen hundred dollars." Under his Leaksville accounts we see that 
James Martin owed him two thousand dollars in 1821. In May, 1821, 
hi> sent two of his uoys, Leander and Brice Martin Hughes, to school in 
Leaksville. This was in order that they might be near their mother's 

He sometimes sold tobacco raised in Virginia to Henry Daggett 
of Mobile, Ala. In early life Capt. Hughes had dealings with Grenville 
Penn. Also with 8 firm — Fontaine and Dandridge, and, a little later 

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v/ith Brett Stovall, George S. Clark, Samuel Dalton, Joseph Martin, Sam- 
uel Martin and Archelaus Hughes. He often speaks intimately ol the 
Penn family. There were several intermarriagea between Penn and 
Hughes families. 

John Hughes (1776-1S60) was a Mason. Captain T. P. Hender- 
son, a descendant, has the charter of a Masonic lodge, 
the Way of Happiness Lodge No. 71 in Patrick county, Va., made to 
John Hughes as master of this lodge in 1803. The writer has a record 
of some of the meetings of this lodge. In April, 1804, they met at the 
courthouse in Patrick county. Members' names are called as follows: 
John Hughes, Master; John Hanby, Charles Foster, John Hanby, Jr., 
Jemes McCampbell, Samuel Hanby, Rooert Scott, John Patterson, Brett 
Stovall, John Roseland, Jol W. Campbell and John Dabney, viators. 
On Oct. 25, 1804, at a meeting of the Way to Ete Happy Lodge No. 71 
in Patrick county, Va., of which John Hughes was Worshipful Master, 
Charles Foster and Brice Martin were chosen to represent the lodge 
in the next grand lodge of Virginia. Nathaniel H. Claiborne was a 
visiting brother, Matthew Sandf^r and Abraham Sandfer petitioned for 
admisuon to membership. John Hanby, Jr., was treasurer. 

John Hughes bought large tracts of land in what is now West 
Tennessee from Thos. Henderson about 1820. His taxes on this land 
were often paid at the hands of his brother-in>law, Cen. Wm. Martin, of 
Williamson county, Tennessee, when he would make visits to this part 
ol the country. The tax receipts show that Gen, Martin would some- 
times carry his nephew, Leander Hughes (1804-1828), wilh him. 

It looks as if John Hughes (1776-1860) "went all the gaits." He 
bought lottery tickets; and owned an interest in a horse thfit was valued 
at sixteen thousand dollars. This, of course, was a race horse. He 
was a well educated man, having learned to speak the French language. 
He used to tell us, his grandchildren, that in traveling once he stopped 
at an inn. In the evening two girls were conversing in French, thinking 
he did not understand. One of them, referring to him. said that she 
was in love with him. He arose, and with all the eloquence at his com- 
mand, declared his love for her, in the French language. Covered with 
confusion, the ^rls fled from the room. 

Business often called Capt. Hughes to Abingdon, Va. Then, too, 
he visited relatives there. At one time he was there with his sister, 
Jtancy Hughes. Jeancy was engaged to be married to John Fulkerson, 
of Lee county, Va. Her family opposed the match, preferring another 
suitor of more wealth, a Mr. Lacey. Jeancy was in distress because the 
engagement had been broken off. John Fulkerson came to see her; and 
the brother, seeing them together, read his sister's heart. He said In 
confidence to her, "Jeancy, if you love John Fulkerson, go on and marry 
him." Soon after John Fulkerson and Jeancy Hughes were married; 
and Fulkerson became a favorite with the entire connection. This is 
attested by the fact that the name John Fulkerson is handed down in 

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the families of Jeancy Hughes' brothers and sisters. Capt. John Hughes 
named one of his first boys John Fuilcers<Mi. Many descendants of John 
and Jeancy (Hughes) Fulkerson live in Missouri and Tennessee, and adJ 
luster to the name. 

The trumpet call is in the blood, the family has given soldiers to 
every war ol our country. Captain John Hughes enlisted under Col. 
Samuel Staples in the war of 1812, but later hired a substitute. Per- 
haps his business was such that he fell it imperative that he should 
stay at home. We find this old paper — 

"Patrick county, Aug. 9, 1814. 

"David Colston is received as a substitute of John Hughes, Esq., 
who was of the No. 3 in 6 Banks Company, 


Thus we see that John Hughes (1776-1860) was an enlisted sol- 
dier during almost the whole war of 1812. We have his colonel's writ- 
ten word. 

On Nov. 24, 1814, W. Banks writes from Wilkes county, Oeorgia, 
to John Hughes (1776-1860) in Patrick county, Va. On this letter fifty 
cents postage is paid. Banks speaks of Samuel Dalton's executor, and 
of his sending some vouchers which Judge Gilbert promised "to lodg;; 
at your mother's in Patrick county, Va." 

He tells something about the militia, enlisting under Andrew Jack- 
son, and going to Mobile, where he "expected they would have stirring 
times," etc He speaks of Major Carter. Major Carter's daughter 
married a Hanby, a cousin of John Hughes. He speaks of George and 
Gabriel Penn and of David Perkins. He speaks of writing to Major 
Certer, but doubts whether he would receive the letter or not. He said 
his handwriting was well known in Patrick county, and that his most 
secret letters had been intercepted. This shows something about the 
trouble with mail delivery in those days. An rAd letter of older date 
(May 7, 1832) makes us appreciate the frequent mails of today. The 
name signed to this letter looks like Sandfer; the paper is torn. He 
writes from Patrick county, Va., and says: "The western mail only 
comes here once a fortnight (on Wednesday)." 

At this time John Hughes had a case in court agjainst Hanby. Mr. 
Sandfer says something about notifying Mrs. Hanby, and wrote to 
Jonesville, N. C, taking Col, Kelley's deposition. He says Major Carter 
attended taking of the deposition, to cross examine. He speaks of Mrs. 
Hanby being Major Carter's daughter. He then says: "It is far from 
me to wish to be the instrument of promoting or increa^ng differences 
between connections and once cmifidential friends. On the contrary, 
my desire is now, and always has been as far as my feeble efforts would 
extend, to endeavor to conciliate." He signs himself, "Your tincere 
and devoted friend." He says "Everything we have here for market is 
very low indeed — com 716 per barrel; bacon 6% cents per pound." 

John Hughes (I776-I8G0) was a large land owner. He moved wifli 

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Ills hmily Ironi Patrick county, Vil, to WtUiamsOn county, Tenn^ in the 
fall of 1S28. A body of land belonging to him extended for several 
miies along the Big Haipeth river. He lived most of the time in Wil- 
liamson county, Tenn^ in the old home from which his bachelor broth- 
er-in-law, Oen. Wm. Martin, went out to the war «f 1812. For several 
years he occupied the two^stor; bcjck house, which he bought from Mr. 
Nichols on Big Karpeth river. He gav« this house to his son, Dr. 
Brice MarQn Hughes. Here his lovely granddaughter, Mrs. Sallie 
<Hughes) Swing, one of the purest types of Southern womanhood, and 
her brothers, were born and reared 

After CapL John Hughes <177&-1860) had given oS land to his 
many chiUren, when be died at the age of dghty-four, his win at Ae 
courthouse in Franklin shows that he still owned valuable land in sev- 
eral counties, WeaMey, Oibson, etc Business papers aha>w fliat he 
owned (he site of Dukedon, a small town on the Kentucky border. In 
lij28 be paid taxes on two thousand four hundred and eighty acres in 
Uibson county, Tenn. In 1834 a recent for taxes is ngned by M. Mc- 
Lairine, Sheriff. He owned many slaves. 

John Hui^ies was, as we have said belore, a stockholder in the 
Roanoke Navigation Company. On Oct 10, 1825, E. T. Brodnax 
writes to him a receipt of money "on account of his stock in the Roan- 
oke Navigation Company." Other old famQy papers show him to have 
been a slockhdder. His intimate friend, Archibald Stuart, who, by the way, 
was tiie father of Oen. J. E. B. Stuart of honored Confederate memory, 
«-rites famn Patrick county, Va., to John Hughes in Williamson county, 
Tenn., May I, 1829. He writes a long and friendly letter. In this letter 
he speaks of having paid the fifth installment in the Roanoke Naviga- 
tion Cwnpany. He goes on to say "the Dhmal Swamp Canal is opened 
and large boats adapted to the navigation of the same are towed by 
smalt steamlmats, and trading brtskly between Weldon and Norfolk. 
You caimot imagine what a spur has been given to everything on Hie 
Roanoke and its waters by this event." He says the convention, that 
if the Constituttonai Convention of 1829<30, "seems to engross public 
attention to the exdu^on of every other subject." He also says: "there 
are eight or nine candidates for this Senatorial district, of whom four 
are to be elected. There is one candidate in Franklin (H, Calloway), 
one, Col. Martin, in Henry, one (your humble servant) in Patrick, and 
an the balance in Pittsylvania." 

We know OA. Joseph Martin of Henry county, Va., was elected a 
member of the convention. He was the husband of Sally Hughes, a 
sister of John Hughes <1776-I860}. In later years the son of CoH. Joseph 
Martin, JosejA by name, married a cou^n of Oen. J. E. B. Stuart. Oen. 
Stuart graced the occasion of their wedding by his presence in his West 
Point regimentals. 

It may be of interest to recall something of the effort to drain the 
Dismal Swamp. He organized the company which dug a narrow canal, de- 
signed to carry away the waste water. Among Oie subscribers to the 

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Dismal Swamp canal in 1791 where Patrick Henry, Benjamin Hanisoti ai*d 
James Madison (see page 432, North Carolina Register). A second canal 
was dug later, and part of this is now used for the inside passage oE 
vessels from Norfolk to Albemarle Sound. John Hughes subscribed to 
this second canal. 

May I, 1829, M. Sanditer writes from'Patrick county, Va., to John 
Hughes. Among other things he says "I am sorry, dear Hughes, that 
you left this county." He regrets the loss of his society "which was at 
all times more agreeable to me than that of any other person who lived 
in this section of the country. And I feel more disconsolate on account 
of your absence than I ever did on a similar occa^on in my whole life. ' 

John Hughes (1776-1860) was very intimate with Oen. John Sum- 
ner Kusswurm. The General's wife's mother was a sister of John 
Hughes' wife. In 1837 Gen. Russwurm writes John Hughes that they 
are well pleased with their move. They have moved from near Triune, 
Tenn., to six miles from Murfreesboro. He purchased a spinning fac- 
tory in Murfreesboro, and also a factory store. He speaks of Samuel 
Clark, who uved on Red river, having raised eighty bales of cotton that 
year. The writer has many letters fom Gen. Russwurm to her grand- 

An old business entry shows that John Hughes in 1796, when only 
tventy years old, made a personal purchase of "1 man's hat, L. I, S. 2, - 
and plaid hose," etc. Whether or not this indicates a fondness for dress, 
he always took pride in his personal appearance. He was tall and 
slender. His son, Leander Hughes, writes him from Transylvania col- 
lege, Lexington, Ky., where he was at school about 1827, that Henry 
Clay was at home from Washington and that he, John Hughes, looked 
very much like Mr. Clay. 

John Hughes' descendants, no doubt, would like to know something 
of the old home where he lived, for many years, and died, and was 
buried. This old home, a part of which still stands (1915), overlooks a 
beautiful little stream — Five Mile creek. From this old home Gen. 
"Buck" Martin went out to the war of 1812. Later he left it as a mem- 
ber of the, State Legislature, in 1815-21 (see page 791, History of Ten- 
nessee, The Goodspeed Publishing Co.) This old brick house now looks 
as il it might be the abode of the bat and owl, but when we remember 
that when this house was built many homes in the Cumberland set- 
tlement were only tog huts, it bears very favorable -omparison. 

The house, originally, consisted of eight rooms, besides the two 
little rooms in the roof now standing (1915). It seems to have been 
built with an eye to making a good appearance from the public road, 
being long and narrow. Some old English homes were built this way. 
A "brick passage" joined one part of the house to the ither. This 
passage was about twenty feet square. The floor was made of brick 
set up on end. This "brick passage" had banisters at front and back. 
To the left of the passage was the parlor, which is still standing, then a 
hall and family room. Above these rooms there is a half story. To tfie 

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right of the brick passage was what was known as "grandpa's room" 
and the "Buck Martin" room. This last, after the death of Qen. Martin, 
was useH as a guest chamber. Above these two rooms were two very 
nice rooms with ceilings high enough to justify fireplaces. One of 
inese upstairs rooms the writer remembers as a cozy, well lighted 
room, when occupied by tier brothers, Judge Jotui H. Henderson and 
Dr. Samuel Hender&on, when boys, soon after the war between the 
States. The windows of this room were, however, higher from the 
floor than windows are to-day. Then the kitchen and diningroom stood 
some feet from the rest of the house, but in a line with it. This, like 
the main body of the house, was built of brick and liad a porch extend- 
ing the length of both rooms. This dinningroom overiooked the creek, 
on whose bluff were many eglantine roses growing. These, when in 
bloom, filled the air with most delicious fragrance. The writer remem- 
bers that a flock of geese were always swimming on the water. This 
old place was owned by her brother. Dr. Samuel Henderson (1852- 
1913), at the time of hts death, and now by his heirs. A visit here 
brings back to the writer a flood of memories. Almost every foot of 
ground here is marked by some tragedy of the Civil war. Three skirm* 
ibhes were fought on this place. Here dear ones were buried. In the 
graveyard, which is literally covered with boxvine, lie the bodies of 
grandfather and grandmother, uncle "Buck" Martin, whose memory we 
were taught to love, and those of a little brother and sister who died in 
infancy— the first, little Samuel, who died before Dr. Samuel Hender- 
son, Jr., was bom and Levisa, who, by the way, was named for father's 
oldest sister, who was born about 1789 and was named "Levisa" for 
the old name given to the Kentucky river on which Boonsboro was 
founded by her uncle, Judge Richard Hendenson, of North Carolina. 
This man's father, Nathaniel, having been at Boonsboro with Judge 
Richard Henderson (see diary of Richard of tienders'in, kept while on his 
way to found Boonsboro). 

Over this old place hovers sweet memories of childhood, under the 
care of "the best father in the world," a loving grandfather, and the 
rcsetint of a mother's caressing love still brightens life's eariy dawn. 
Then, the hopes and aspirations of the six brothers and sisters, the affec- 
tionate devotion, the sharing of each other's joys and sorrows, make 
sacred the very atmosphere of the old place. 

The writer remembers perfectly every piece of furniture in her 
grandfother's room. There was a tall fuurposter oed, a chiffonier 
which held his wearing clothes, and an elegantly shaped candle stand 
One could turn it back on hinges. He also had a large pendulum clock, 
but not the floor clock. The bedsteps, which were never used by him 
because he was a tall man and athletic until helpless old age came on 
him, when he was lifted to and from his bci^. were only for grandmoth- 
er's use. The sentiment of this man never suffered these bedsteps to 
he taken from the room although his wife died eighteen years before he 
did. We remember that these bedsteps were a favorite seat for the 


grandchildren. On his caodle^tand rested a candfestfck, znd his Bible. 
Often there were newspapers upon it, ai he always, until the day of his 
death, in fact, kept up with current topics. Among old family pai^wrs 
are receipts for subscriptions to leading newspapers of the South. 

After the marriage of his youngest child, Rachel jane Hughes, to 
Dr. Samuel Henderson (1804-1884), in 1844, his widowed daughter 
Mrs. Mary Matilda Webb, made her home with her father at this (rfd 
place, called by him "Rural Plains;." Dr. Hendersoa first carried hiS' 
wife to Belhesda, where he was practicing medicine. Here they lived 
ti the home of one of his best friends. Rev. Henry C. Horton. Later Dr. 
Henderson came to Franklin to five and bought Dr. Maylield's home 
here. This house was afterwards the home of the highly honored a:id 
much loved Dr. John Park. It is noW the home of Mr. Al«x H, Ewing. 

After the marriage of IMrs. Mary Webb to Mr. Wm. H. Harrison, 
Di. Henderson and his wife came back to her father's home. Rachel 
jane Henderson died in June, 1858. One and a half years later her 
liither died. The circumstances of his death were very sad. Dr. Hen- 
derson, who was president of the Nashville and FrankGn turnpike, had 
gone in his buggy to Nashville, twenty-three miles away, on this cold, 
^ort, winter day, to collect money from the toD-gates. He reached 
home about duric, and, being tired and cdU, did not go to the room 
of the ittvidid before supper was announced. When a negro woman 
carried supper to "Old Master," as they always called him, she found 
mat in chunking the big open wood fire he had fallen from his chair 
onto the hearth, and was badly buned, so badly, in foct that fie lin- 
gered only two days. Beside his chair, there was a cord which he 
might pull and ring a bell on the outside for his man servent. Of 
course in falling he could not reach this bell cord. He died Dec. 26, 

We will copy the obituraty of Capt. John Hughes, which was writ- 
ten by Mr. C. W. Callender, president of the Tennessee Female Col- 
lege in Franklin, at that time, and published in the local paper. This 
clipping from the newspaper was preserved by his granddaughter, Mrs. 
Sallie (Hugltes) Ewing, and pasted in her scr^ book: 
"OUtuary of CapL John Hugbcs (1776-IMO) 
"By C. W. Callender 

"John Hughes, the subject of this notice, was bom in Patrick county, 
Va., Aug. 3, 1776. He was married to Sally Martin, Feb. 7, 1798; removed 
to Tennessee in 1828, and died near Franklin on the 26th day of Dec, 
1860, in the eighty-fifth year of his age. He was buried with Masonic 
honors, and his mortal remains repose by the side of his faithful wife, 
the partner of his youth and the companion of his old age, who pre- 
ceded him to the spirit land some years ago. 

"We believe him to be the oldest Mason in Temiessee. having 
been a member of that ancient and honorable order more than axty 
years. He had in his possession at (he time of his death a charter 

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of some Virginia lodge which was made to taiin as master thereof 
bearing date 1803. Bom amid the exciting struggle for our National 
independence, he early imbibed that patfiotism pecular to the 
heroes of '76, and the love of liberty and independence, then im- 
planted in his bosom, glowed and burnt with steady flame 'til <iuenched 
by flie hand of death. 

"When but a youth and scarcely eligible for office, he was elect- 
ed a member of the Virginia legislature, and such was his honesty, 
intergrity and patriotism that he was again and again the recipient 
of that high honor from a grateful and appreciative constituency. It 
is mo'e than probable that he was the last surviving member of that 
distinguished body which passed the far-famed resolutions, so well 
Iniown as the Virginia Resolutions of 1798; he on that occasion speak- 
ing and voting with the Republican party. 

"After his removal to Tennessee he more than once held offices 
of honor and trust in his adopted state. He was a man of Tme 
ability, of strong passions and prejudices, tempered with a keen sense 
of justice and right. Endowed with great energy of character, he was 
pO»tive and firm; even obstinate and unyielding in his positions when 
once taken and sanctioned by his judgment, which seldom erred. 
He was a high-minded, honorable old Virginia gentleman, a -devoted 
friend and indulgent parent, an affectionate husband and a devoted 
Christian. He was a member of the Methodist Episcopal church about 
thirty-six years. From bodily infirmity he has been confined almost 
entirely to his room for the last ten or twelve years, but notwith- 
standing hn great energy and untiring industry and active business 
hcbits for more than three quarters of a century, he bore his long 
confinement with exemplary resignation and submission. With his 
Bible as his constant companion, and its rich promises as his solace 
and comfort, he calmly waited, Hke a ripe sheaf, to be gathered to the 
harvest of immortality. He retained the vigor of his intellect, not 
preceptibty impaired until a short time before his death. 
"Of years, of honors and affection full. 
He laid him down and died." 

We have given a sketch of Salty Martin, wife of Capt. John 
Hughes (I77&I860), under head "Martin." 

CMMren of Capt John Hngtm (I77S-I8M> 
and Hts Wife, Sally Mwtin 

Note: We will copy from their old family Bible: 

"John Hughes was born August 3, 1776, and was married to 
Sally Martin on the 7th day of Feb., 1798. 

"Their issue is as follows: 

"Archelaus Powell Hughes, bom the 7th day of Jan., 1799. 

"William Madison Hughes, bom the 5lh day of Nov., 1800. 

"John Fulkerson Hughes, bom the lOth day of Nov., 1802. 

"Leander Hughes, bom the 7th day of Oct., 1804. 

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"Brice Marti'n Hughes, born the 22nd day of Oct., 1806. 
"Samuel Carter Hughes, born the tlth day of April, 180?. 
"Albert GaUatin Hufiftes, born the 17th day of April, 1812. 
"Mary Matilda Hughes, bom the 15th day of Jan., 1816. 
"Rachel Jane Hughes, born the 27th day of Feb., 1818. 

Major Archdaiu PoweH Hi^tiei 

Archelaus PoweD Hughes, son of Capt. John Hughes and his wif?, 
Sally Martin, was born in Patrick county, Va., Jan. 7, 1799. When a 
boy he spent some lime in Tennessee with his bachelor uncle. 
Gen. Wm. Martin, of Williamson county, Tenn. 

A. P. Hughes was elected major erf militia in 1827. He married 
Polly Webb, of Williamson county, Tenn, After their marriage they 
lited a while in Gibson county, and latei in Manry. Their children 

James Hughes. 

Henry Hughes. 

Fanny Hughes, married Col. Wilkinson of Giles county. One of 
their daughters, Fanny, married a cousin, Leander Hughes, a success- 
ful bushieGE man and politician of Dallas, Texas. Another daughter 
married a Mr. Witt. 

Hughes, married Mr. Cannon. 

~ Hughes, married Mr. Scales. 

Archelaus Powell Hughes, died July 10, 1873. 

Wirtiam Madison Hughes, we think never married. 

John FutkenoB Kvghea 

John Fulkerson Hughes, son of Capt. John Hughes and his wife, 
Sally Martin, was born Nov. 10, 1802. in Patrick county, Va. He 
came with his father to Williamson county, Tenn., to live in 1828. He 
married jane Baldwin, a niece of Mrs. Logan Douglas, by whom she 
was reared. 
Their children were: 

Mary Hughes, who married Mr. Lee. 

Sallie Hughes. 

John Hughes, married Mary Rowlet. 

Ann Redd Hughes, married Sneed. 

Martha Hughes. 

Rachel Hughes, married her cousin, John Hughes. 

Matilda Hughes. 

Laura (Hughes) McEwen. 

Bettie (Hughes) Henderson, 

Leander Hughes, son of Capt. John Hughes and his wife, Sally 
Martin, was born Oct. 7, 1604. He was an unusually bright boy, 
and grew to brilliant manhood. He and bis brother, Brice Martin 

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Hughes, twD y«ars younger than himseU. entered school in Leaksvine, 
J4. C, m May, 1821. 

in 1823 Leander and Brice Hughes entered the University of 
North Carolina at Chapel Hill. In one of his letters home from the 
University, Leander says: "I board at Mrs. Mitchel's and room with 
a Mr, Pnnce, a class-mate of mine whom I esteem and respect. 
In one of my letters I stated that I roomed with M. Moore, but pre- 
ferring Prince, and he af^aring equally anxious, we decided to 
room together." 

"M. Moore," spoken of by Leander, was of the Maurice Moore 
branch. This Hughes family was related to both the Maurice Moore 
branch, aud the Matthew Moore branch, first of Albemarle county, 
Va., and later of Stokes county, N.C We have written this up in 
full under head "DaJton and Moore." TTie "M. Moore" spoken of by 
Leander Hughes, who was at school at tke University at Chapd 
HtU at this time, was a son of Alfred Moore, and lived in Orange county, N. 
C. whence Qiey had moved from Brunswick county, N. C. Alfred Moore 
was a eon of Alfred Moore, Sr., of Brunswick county, N. C, who was 
a son of judge Maurice Moore, who always signed his name "M. 
Moore." M. Moore, Martin Howard and Richard Henderson constituted 
the Judicial Bench, the Supreme Bench of North Carolina, when the Revo- 
lution shut up the courts. 

This branch of Moore is an illustrious line. Judge Maurice 
Moore's grandfather. Sir Nathaniel Moore, was governor of the two 
Carolines in 1705. James Moore, of this family, had married a daugh- 
ter of Sir John Yeamans, who established the city of Charleston, 
and was the governor of the two Carolinas in 1670. Judge Maurice 
Moore was leniaHy descended from James Moore and his wife, who 
was a Miss Yeamans. Judge Maurice Moore, Wm. Hooper, Richard 
Caswdl, Robert Howe, and Joseph Hewes were a committee to 
address the citizens of the British Empire on the wrongs of America, 
and the oppression of England (see Wheeler's History of North Caro- 
lina, Series II, page 101: also Stokes county, pages 47, 48, 49; 
Series III, etc.). , 

Leander Hughes writes his father from Chapel Hill, where he was 
still in college in 1825, that he preferred studying medicine instead of 
law. He seemed to think the practice of medicine "more lucrative" 
than that of law and he "feared he might not distinguish himself as 
a lawyer." In one of his letters, written in 1824, he speaks of "Mr. 
Scales and R. Gentry having been pierced by 'Cupid's Dart.' " Then 
he adds: "It seems my friend, E, Thomas and Miss Mary are to be sac- 
rificed at Hyman's alter." 

His reports while at school at Chapel Hill were fine. 

In a letter written Oct 2, 1824, he speaks of some members of 
the faculty. Mr. Mitchell as president, Mr. Bittner, and of Mr. Sanders. 

Leander and Brice Martin Hughes attended the Transylvanra 
University, at Lexington, Kentucky. Leander, in a letter written to 

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his father, Nov. 15, 1826, says: '1 have engaged board with Mrs. 
Cook, including eating, lod^ng, vrashing, candles, firewood; and a 
servent to attend to my room, aD of which is afforded for one hun- 
dred and twentw dollars a year." He adds "I room with R. H. Day- 
ton (this was Dr. Robert Hunter Dalton whose manuscripts we quote 
elsewhere) and a Mr. Watkins, of Vir^nia. Cousin Robert and my- 
self are well and you can inform Mr. Scales that Walker also is 
well. I have not taken a private ticket of any of the professors. 
By being very saving we sometimes are losers." He went on to 
express great admiration for Dr. Dudley. Later he did t>ecome a pri- 
vate student of this celebrated man. Dr. Dudley, everybody knows, 
made Transylvania University illustrious. Lcander gives his father a 
summary of the cost of his tickets, viz: 'To Dr. Dudley for private 
pupilage, including his tickets this summer and next winter, $80; 
for Caldwell's ticket, $15; Short's, $15; Blythe's $15; Richardson, $15; 
library ticket,$5; for my diploma, $25; lor invitation into the medical 
society and a diploma from the same, S3.50; Cook's ticket, $15." He 
sends his best love to his mother, a kiss to Mary and Jane, his little 
sisters, his best respects to his granamother and to Gen. Dillard. Then 
he speaks of him as "Uncle Dillard, and my worthy little friend, Hughes 
Dillard." Leander writes from Lexington: "Last evening Mr. Scales, 
Mr. OaDoway, and Mr. Gentry arrived at this place." In une of his 
early letters he speaks of "my friend, Mr. Gentry," who was tiiere. 

In May, 1826, Leander Hughes went from his home in ^rginia on 
business to what was then called the Western district, that is West 
Tennessee. He writes his father from Williamson county, where he had 
gone to visit h» uncle. Gen. Wm. Martin, May 5, 1826: "I have just 
returned from the Western district where 1 have secured an occupancy 
which adjoins your thousand-acre tract in Gibson. The mosquitoes 
were terrifying after we crossed the Tennessee for several days and 
nights. There b a kind of fly which the inhabitants call Buffalo Gnat, 
which is very destructive to horse and terrifying to the man." He goes 
on to tell his father about having been honorably released from a love 
aflair. He adds: " At this li re]oice. 1 now feel myself honorably liber- 
ated from the thralldom of love and uneasiness. Nothing shall ever 
induce me to renew that engagement which youth and inexperience 
prompted me to make." He asks his father if Brice expects to take a 
regular course through college. 

The whole time Leander is in Transylvania University his let- 
ters are full of Dr. Dudley. Sometimes he speaks ol him as "my bdoved 
and unrivalled preceptor, Prof. Dudley." In April, 1827, we find 
Leander again in Tennessee. They did not seem to think a trip from 
Lexington to WiUiamson county, Tennessee, much of a trip; but now 
his health was twginning to fail, and he says Dr. Dudley advised him 
much riding exercise. So he came leisurely to Tennessee, being more 
than two weeks on the road. He tells his father that he expects to 
ride horseback to Virgiaia, and says, "I have been living for some time 

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nuGHEs m 

on nmsh and milk." Then he speaks in the most affectionate terms 
of his mother, and says 'Tell her that I hope she will have a plenty 
o! rye meal when I arrive, as t think that rye mush and milk would 
be conducive to ray healtk." We su|^se that this "rjne meal" was 
OUT oatmeal of to-day. 

One feels indeed glad that Leander made fliis visit home to Vir- 
ginia in 1827. He was anxious to complete his course at Transyl- 
vania in the spring of 1828, nvt withstanding his failing health. Early 
in 1828 Capt John Hughes visited hts boys, Leander and Brice, In 
Lexington. Leander's messages to his little sisters, Mary and Jane, 
are always sweet. January 6, 1828, he writes froin Lexington, "If I 
df not regain my health entirely by spring I shall return to Vir- 
ginia." He sa^ that Dr. Dudley approves this. Leander says "Brice 
bas an idea of returning to Franklin (Tenn.) and reading medicine 
with Dr. Dickinson." In this letter he wants to find out from Mr. 
Lacey where Mr. Overton lives, somewhere about Lexington.' He says, 
"You must not infer from anything I have written that I am very 
unwell," but he goes on to say, "I have moved my boarding house 
and now live in about twenty steps of the Medical Hall. Brice is 
still at Chipley's. I am rooming with Mr. Penii, and find him a very 
agreeable roommate. Inform his friends that he is well." This boy 
was a member of the Penn family who lived near his father in Patrick 
county, Va. Col. Gabriel Penn lived here and Other members of the 
family. This family intermarried extensively with the Hughes connec- 
tion. Some of their decendants enter patriotic orders through William 

It may seem that I am off at a tangent, but I want to include as much 
family history as I can. Matilda Dillard, daughter of Oen. John Dillard 
and his wife, Matilda Hughes, married Shelton Penn; also several mem- 
ber? of CoL Joseph Martin's family married Penns. Now Col. Josepn 
Martin's wife, Sally Hughes, and Gen. John Dillard's wife, Matilda 
Hughes, were both sisters of Capt. Jrfin Hughes (1776-1860). The 
Penn family were people with a good deal of money; several of them 
went to Danville, Va., and engaged in the tobacco business as manu- 
facturers, making large fortunes. Some of them moved to North Caro- 
lina. While some of the members of the Penn family lived in Patrick 
county, Va., one branch of the Penn family drifted from Pennsylvania 
to Carolina county, Virginia. Here John Penn, one of the signers of 
the Declaration of Independence, was born on May 17, 1741. John 
Penn read law with his kinsman, Edmund Pendleton. He moved to 
Granville county, N. C, in 1774, and was a member of the Continental 
Congress at Phnadelphia, 1775-79. He died in 1788. (see Wheeler's 
History of North Carolina, Oranville county.) 

In Virgina Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. IX, page 415, 
is said: "March, 1780, Archelaus Hughes, Esq., is advanced to office 'Of 
Colonel and Abraham Penn, Esq., to office of Lieutenant Colonel" 

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Then on page 417 we see that John Dillard is appointed Captain in 
1780. Capt., Uter Colonel, John Dillard was the father of Gen. 
John DiUard. 

We will copy an extract from the St. Louis Republic, Sunday, Sept. 
18, 1910: 

"Southampton, England, Sept. 17. — American tourists in Brit.->in this 
summer have found their way in increa^ng numbers to Portland, for 
they have discovered that there ihe grandson of the founder of Penn- 
sylvania built a lordly home for himself. Pemwylvania Castle, as it is 
called, is situated on a secluded spot on the Dorset coast, overlooking 
the English channel. The grounds boast of the only 'grove of trees in 
Portland. This English home of the famous American family was 
built about 1700 by John Penn, a friend of George III. Knowing that 
the family had suffered greatly during the War of Independence, the 
English monarch of that day made John Penn a Justice of the I'eace 
and Governor of Portland. The appointment was a soft snap, for it 
carried a salary and no official duty. This is the way the lovely site 
for the castle was chosen: One day George III. and John Penn were 
riding across Portland. They came to the particular place on which the 
mansion stands. 'What a .magnificent site for a house,' said the 
King. John Penn replied: 'Your IVtajesty, it shall be done.' 

"The builder carried out the royal hint, and the imposing turreted 
structure was in due time erected and opened by Princess Elizabeth, 
George's daughter. Ultimately 'Pennsylvania Castle' became the unly 
residence of the Penn family. It contains several relics and family 
potraits of particular interest to Americans. 

"George 111. gave John Penn the old ruin, 'Rufus Castle,' which 
stands like a bird on a crag in the grounds overiooking Church Hope 
cave. The direct line of Penns has died out (of course that means of 
this particular branch) and the castle is now occupied by J. Merrick 
Head, a Britisher, who is a jealous custodian bf Ihe building and its 
contents." (from the Weiner Agency, Ltd.) 

We will return to Leander Hughes after our digression. His health 
seemed to grow steadily worse, and, after he graduated in medicine, in 
1828, at Transylvania University, we find him still following the idea 
that horseback riding would benefit him. So he started for his home 
in Virginia in May, but first went to Williamson county, Tennessee, to 
visit his uncle, Gen. Wm. Martin, and rest a while, later going to Pat- 
rick county, Va. An affectionate letter was written him by his friend, 
Jas. M. Cortes, from "Burbon," May 10, 1828. This letter was directed 
to Leander in Patrick county, but Leander never reached Virginia. 

August 11, 1828, Gen. Wm. Martin writes his father that there is 
no hope of Leander's recovery. He tells him that Dr. Steith is ver> 
attentive. Aug. 25, he writes to Capt. John Hughes, saying "1 never 
yet have performed a duty, which I have to do, with so much reluctance 
as on the present occasion. And I must tell you this disagreeable truth 


at once — that your precious little boy Leander is no more." He tells 
him what a comfort "good old Douglas" was to Leander. This was 
Thos. Logan Douglas. He speaks of Leander's beautiful death, then says 
"He is buried here by his own request, under a mulberry tree, not more 
than (wo hundred yards from the house. Great respect was paid to 
his interment, and it was done as decently for him as for any who have 
gone before him." T. L. Douglas and Thos. D. Porter were the min- 
isters who officiated at his burial 

While Capt. John Hughes had expected to bring hie family to 
Williamson county, Tennessee, Leander's death and burial at this time 
seemed to hasten his coming. In the fall of this year, 1828, we find 
him living in the house where Leander had died. Gen. Martin, who was a 
bachelor, still made his home there with his sister's family. Leander'a 
mother was buried at his side. Her body rests between that of her hus- 
band and Leander. Gen. Wm. Martin's body is near. "They were 
lovely and pleasant in their lives, and in their death they were not 

Brice Martin Hughes 

Brice Martin Hughes, son of Capt. John Hughes (1776-1860), and 
his wife, Sally Martin, was born Oct. 22, 1806. in Patrick county, Va. 

He and Leander attended school together at Leaksville, N. C, in 
I82L While there they made their home with Col. James Martin's 
family. In 1823 these two brothers entered college at Chapel Hill, 
North Carolina. While Leander left here in 1826 to enter Transyl- 
vania University at Lexington, Brice, the younger of the two boys, con- 
tinued one year longer at Chapel Hill. In Jan., 1825, Brice writes from 
Chapel Hill as "th»s charming and enlightened place." He says he ex- 
pects Leander to graduate with credit. 

Brice spent a while in Tennessee studying medicine under Dr. 
Dicliinson. He was attending Transylvania University at Lexington, 
Ky., during the winter of 1827-28. Nov. 28 he writes his father from 
Lexington, saying that he was not boarding with his old friend Chipley 
because "he had his number when 1 arrived," but he went on to add 
that he was simply delighted with his new quarters. His father had 
hiends about Lexington and Brice tells of visiting them. He says: 
"1 stayed with the General, and when bedtime came on he would have 
me sleep with him in his single bed. It was not so pleasant; neverthe- 
less 1 did so." Who the "General" was we do not know. Brice does 
not call his name in the letter, writing as though his father understood. 

About the time his father moved from Patrick county, Va., to Wil- 
liamson county, Tenn., in 1828, Brice writes: "You will find society as 
good as in Virginia, and land more productive." He says to tell his 
"Aunt Susan Moore not to be in too great a hurry to return to the 
banen hills of North Carolina." She lived at Snow Creek, N. C. 

Dr. Hughes was a public spirited man. The Nashville and Decatur 
railroad, as it was then called, now known as the Louisville and Nash- 

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viUe, was projected in 1851. Tbe railroad company was organized 
in July, 185!, and work on the road between Nashville and Franklin 
was begun Nov. 26, 1852 <l know ttiis from the diary of my father. 
Dr. Samuel Henderson, (1804-1884). Dr. Henderson was one of the 
original stockholders, and was one of the railroad directors until it was 
merged into the L. & N. railroad. 

We quote from Dr. Henderaons's diatj: "Feb. 14, 1853. The rai^ 
read was located through Franklin. Dr. Bncc Hughes and myself hav« 
undertaken to graduate and do masonry on the railroad through Frank- 
lin, March 3, 1853. We first began to move dirt, etc." 

So these two men, brothers-in-law, put their negro men to work orr 
the railroad. 

Dr. Brice Hughes aided in building Douglas church. On the com- 
pletion of this church, his lovely daughter, Sally Martin Hughes, pre- 
sented a handsome red silk velvet cushion for the large old-fashioned 

An entry in Dr. Henderson's diary is; "June 5, 1846, Dr. B. M. 
Hughes received the Royal Arch degree of Masonry." We find them 
winding up the estate of the late Gen. Wm. Martin. Among other 
negroes, we see that "Lewis, about forty-seven years old, and Ander- 
son; twenty-two, were delivered to John Hughes (1776-1860) in Dec, 
1843." I speak of these two negroes who belonged to Gen. Martin be- 
cause of the old adage "Like master, like servant." Lewis, who seemed 
to imbibe something of his master's spirit of independence and aggres- 
sion, was the negro who, during the Civil war, when Governor 
Johnson, afterward President of United States, was addressing the ne- 
groes in Nashville, stepped to the front. Governor Johnson, warming to 
his subject, exclaimed "Would there were a Moses to lead my people 
out of bondagel" Then Lewis cried: "You shall be our Moses, Gov- 

Dr. Brice M. Hughes, after his marriage to Elmira Fleming, Hved in a 
home given him by his father on the Big Harpeth river. This home 
they called "River View." It is a commodious two-story brick build- 
ing with large rooms and presses let in the wall just as at the "Hermi- 
tage," Andrew Jackson's home. An office was down in the yard, such 
as was seen in all old Southern homes for the boyj. Their plantation 
was added to by Mr. Fleming, his wife's father. The family lived in 
affluence. The writer remembers well their handsome carriage of 
which old Lewis, spoken of above, was the driver. She remembers, too, 
that after the cruel war was over, under the pressing needs of the time, 
the carriage had been sold. One niglit she was at a young people's 
entertainment at "River View" and her aunt, Mrs. Hughes, told her 
that she had been out to take a look at her former carriage, in whicli 
some guests had driven out from Franklin. It had been sold to a liverj'- 

A marauding party of pretended Federal soldiers went to this home 

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one nigAI after the death of Dr. B. M. Hughes, and pretended to be 
looking for guerrillas. Mrs. Hughes followed them into the dining 
room and took her handsome solid silver castor from the center of the 
table, carrying it in her hand the whole time these men were in the 
house. Strange to say, they did not snatch it from her; and in this 
way she saved this valuable piece of silver. This silver castor now 
belongs to their grandson, Mr. Alex Hughes Ewing. 

Dr. Brice Martin Hughes died in 1862. His wife lived through the 
days of reconstruction, and by skillful management succeeded in hold- 
on to their landed estate. 

Children of Dr. BrIce Martin Hughes and his wife. 
Elmlra Fleming. 

1. Leander Hughes, died a soldier in Civil war. 

2. Sallie Martin Hughes, born 1841, married H. S. Ewing. 

3. John Thompson Hughes, married Rachel Hughes. 

4. Susie Hughes, born 1852; died 1857. 

5. William Hughes. 

6. Brice Martin Hughes, died 1888, unmarried. 

1. Leander Hughes, the oldest child, was named for his father's 
much loved brother. This was the name, too, of-one of the earliest 
American ancestors: and we are glad it is still to be found in the family. 
In this branch of the family, however, it has passed into the names of 
girls: Susie Lea (Ewing) McGavock and Susie Lea (Roberts) Briggs. 

Leander enlisted in the Confederate army at the opening of the 
Civil war. After one year's service he was brought home sick and 
died in 1862, being unmarried. He was a boy of graceful manner; and, 
had he lived he would probably have fulfilled the ambitions of his family. 

2. Sallie Martin Hughes, daughter of Dr. Brice Hughes and his 
wife, Elmira Fleming, was born in 1841. She was a beautiful, attac- 
tive girl, and grew to loveliest womanhood, tndeed she was one of the 
purest types of the ante-bellum Southern woman. 

When quite a child) she attended school at "Henderson's Academy," 
while Mr. Brewer was principal. She would ride from home on horseback 
with her brothers every day. except when it rained; then she would 
drive over in the carriage. She entered the Academy for Young Ladies, 
in Na^ville, when very young. Dr. D, C. Elliott had charge of fhts 
schoc^. It is claimed that this was the first chartered woman's college 
in America. 

As a giri she was fond of dress. Perhaps this was because she 
was given "carte blanche" by an indulgent father. She left school in 
1858, and was married to Mr. Hubbard Saunders Ewing, March 10, 1859. 
Mr. Ewing was a son of Alexander Ewing. His grandfather served on 
the staff of Gen. Nathaniel Greene during the Revolutionary war. After 
thdr marriage, they went to live at the old Ewing ancestral home, which 
was on the original military grant of land to his grandfather. This 
house, although across the river, is in sight of Franklin. Here their 

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children were born and reared. it was here that Mrs. Ewing (^nl 
March 3, 1907. She was to the writer, and her brothers and sisters, 
like an older sister atter the death of their mother in 1858. 

Hit children are Alexander Hughes Ewing. Susie Lea (Ewing) Me- 
Oavock, and Sallie (Ewing) Roberts. All live in Franklin. Their 
beautJEul homes are clustered together on Maple avenue. A. H. Ewing 
was married to Gertrude Wallace, daughter oi Dr. Wallace and his wile, 
Fanny Park. Fanny Park was the daughter of Dr. John S. Park, a high- 
ly esteemed man, and sister of Col. John Park of the U. S. army. For 
several years before the World war, Cot, Park was millitary attache at 
the court of Belgium. 

Their children are Alex. Hughes Ewing, Jr., and Fannie Park Ewing. 

Susie Lea Ewing married Winder McGavock, son of Col. John Mc- 
Gavock and his wife, Carrie Winder. Carrie Winder was the grand- 
daughter of Felix Grundy. He built and lived in the grand old home 
in Nashville, which was later the home of President James K. Poljt now . 
Polk Flats (l9\6).lWr-'u4J'y^'iH /ffly^^^^rs^:iU^X*^ Sa-r<Aj 

Their children are Hatlie McGavock^who wm noted for her fine 
voice, died in 1911; Martha McGavock, who died young; Winder Mc- 
Oavock, who volunteered in the American army in 1917; John Mc- 
Gavock, who married Mary Gillespie. Their children are John and 
Martha McGavock. 

Sallie Ewing, daughter of H. S, F.v 'ng and his wife, Sallie (Martin) 
Hughes, married Walter A. Rober.- in 1890, Mr. Roberts' Revolutionarv 
ancestor, through whom members of the family enter patriotic orders, 
was Lieutenant Hendricks. Mr. Roberts is a successful business man. 
and is chairman of the board of stewards of the Methodist church. He 
went overseas in Y. M. C. A, work July I, 1918. Their children are 
Susie Lea Roberts, a graduate of Randolph-Macon Woman's College, 
married George Briggs, one child, Sarah Ewing; Ewing Roberts, married 
John Green, and they have one child, Walter Roberts; and Sarah Rob- 

3. John Thompson Hughes, son of Dr. Brice M. Hughes and his 
wife, Elmira Fleming, was eager to enlist in the Confederate army when 
little more than a child. But his father, who was bowed with sorrow at 
the loss of Leander, restrained the boy. But the "trumpet call" is in the 
blood, and John T. Hughes served during the last year of the war be- 
tween the states. He married his first cousin, Rachel Hughes. Their 
children arc Wallace, Brice, and Brown Hughes. 

4. William Hughes, son of Dr. Brice Martin Hughes and his wife, 
Elmira Fleming, was born 18 — . William is a man of generous nature. 
He has never married. 

5. Brice Martin Hughes, son of Dr. Brice M. Hughes and his wife, 
Elmira riemtng. chos? his father's profession, studying medicine in New 
Orleans. After graduation he practiced in the hospitals of New Or- 
leans for several years. Later he made his home in Birmingham, Ala., 
where he had a large and lucrative practice. Aside from his practice, he 
was a successful business man for some years. He invested his patri- 

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mvncy in real estate tn Birmingham just before a wondertu) b99m is 
prices. Later, however, reaJ estate declined in value and Ae lost heav- 
ily. He died in 1888, uninarried. 

SamueJ Carter Ui^hea 

Samuel Carter Hughes, son of CapL John Huj^ies and liis wife, Sallie 
Alartin, was born in Patrick county, Va., April II, 1806. After his mar- 
. dage he lived on a plantation of his father's in what was then called the 
•■Wesfem District," that is, in West Tennessee. We find this entry in 
4he diary olDr, Samuel Henderson (1804-1884); "April ZQi, 1S47. The 
-children of Samuel Hughes were brought here by Mr. Webb. They are: 
Sally Ann, Brice, Leander and Samuel." 

Sally Ann Hughes, after her marriage to Mr. McLeltand, w<ent bach 
to WejJ Tennessee to live. Brice atid Leander both became successhil 
physttmns. Dr. Brice >1ughes married and lived in northern Alabama. 
Dr. Leander Hughes served as a Confederate soldier. Samue] mdrried 
in West Tennessee and reared a family. 

Albert Oanatln Hughes 

Albert Gallatin Hughes, son o* Capt John Hughes and 4ii$ wife, 
Sallie Martin, was born in Patrick county, Va., April 17, 1812, After 
growing to manhood, be kept "Bachelor Hall" at what was then known 
as the "Red House" on his father's estate in Williamson countj', Tenn. 
Here he died. 

Mary Matilda Hughes 

Mary Matilda Hughes, daughter of Capt. John Hughes and his wife, 
Sallie Martin, was born in Patrick county, Va.. Jan. 15, 1816. When she 
was twelve years old her father brought his famHy to Williamson county, 
Tenn., to live. She conned her first lessons at school in Virginia. We 
learn from oW family papers that a Miss Taliaferro taught them at Har- 
peth Academy. These two sisters attendedschool at Harpeth Union Fe- 
male Academy, near Triune, Tenn. While here at school they made their 
home with their kinsman. Gen. John Sumner Russwurm. Their mother's 
sister, Virginia (Martin) Clark, was the mother of Gen. Russwurm's wife. 
These two sisters dso attended school at Hines Academy, in Franklin, 
Tenn. This was a large old-fadiioned brick building where is now the 
home of Mr, C. R. Berry. 

A letter from her uncle, Gen. John Dillard, of Virginia, makes it 
appear that Mary had an ardent suitor by name of Hairston, from Vir- 
ginia. She first married Dr. Wm. Webb of Williamson county, Tenn, 
The writer holds an old letter to him from his brother, Jas. Webb. 

William Webb was a man of affairs. One of his business papers 
shows that he had an account against Wm, W. Smith, Jeremiah Varde- 
man and Britain Smith, in Holmes county. Miss., for $12,854 in 1838. Dr. 
Webb died, leaving his wife and one child, Wm. Leander Webb. We 
find this entry in Dr. Samuel Henderson's diary: "Mr. William Harri' 
sen and Mrs. Mary M. Webb were married Oct. 3, 1845." Wm. Harri* 
son was also a man of independent fortune. He owned many negroes. 


The Harrison home, where her children were born and reared, is a 
commodious two-story brick house on the Columbia pike about three 
milea from Franklin. This house has passed out of the hands of ttie fam- 
ily, Mary Harrison was a thorough-going housekeeper. Her house was 
always immaculate, and the grounds beautifully kept. In each corner ol 
the front yard was an office, after traditional Southern custom. Her 
garden, with its wealth of old-fashioned flowers, was one of the finest in 
the state. She was a woman of kind heart. After the death of her only 
sister, she often played the part of fairy god-mother to her children, 
^ving to them and doing things for them which only a mother could 
think of. She died July 8, 1873, in the fifty-eighth year of her life. Her 
body rests in the old family burying ground on the Columbia pike be»de 
that of her husband, Wm. Harrison. Here her daughter, Sallie Martin 
Harrison, who died at the age of fourteen years, also is buried. Wm. 
Leander Webb, son of her first husband, is buried at the old Hughes 
graveyard. His grave is marked by a tombstone. At the time of 
Leander Webb's death his mother had only one child by her second 
husband, John Hughes Harrison. So the property of Wm. Leander Webb 
was divided between his mother and this brother; and when John H. 
Harrison became of age he was one of the wealthiest young men in 
Williamson county In his own right. The children of William Harrison 
and his wife, IWary M. Hughes, were: 

1. John Hughes Harrison, who married Bettie Scruggs, merchan- 
dized in Franklin for many years. He inherited the family homestead. 
Their children were: 

a. William Harrison, who married Buchanan. 

b. Dora Harrison, who married Mr. Black. They have one child, 

c. Florence Harrison, married Mr. Frank Davis, and lives in 

d. John Hughes Harrison, Jr., married Louise Henderson, daughter 
of Dr. Samuel Henderson (1852-1913). John H. Harrison belonged to U.S. 
census department and proved himself a competent man. His home 
was Los Angeles, Cal., when taken with his last illness. He died Dec. 
30, 1914. They have one child, Samuel Henderson Harrison. 

2. Sallie Martin Harrison, daughter of Wm. Harrison and his wife, 
Mary M. Hughes, born in 1850; died in 1864. 

3. Matilda Harrison, daughter of Wm. Harrison and his wife, Mary 
M. Hughes, was horn in 1852. She married George Briggs, of Frank- 
lin, in 1870. Their children are: 

a. Annie James Briggs, married William Winder Campbell. 

b. WiUie May Briggs, married Walter Jones, 
c- Elizabeth Briggs, married Whit Winstead. 

d. rillte Briggs, married John Whitfield. 

e. Mattie Briggs, married Harold Henderson. 

f. George L Briggs, married Susie Lea Roberts. 

Annie James Briggs was adopted by her uncle, Mr. James Harrison, 

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miGUES Vf 

raid Vis wi!e, Annie Briggs, who had no children. She married Win- 
"Winder Campbell, a successful merchant of Franklin. Mr. Campbell's 
Jather was Scotch-Irish; his motlier was Louise Winder, a granddaugh- 
ter of Felix Grundy, the ^tatestnan. FeTix Grundy's home in Nashville 
was sold to Jas. K. Polk, President of the United States. 

Annie James Campbell served as secretary of "Old Gflory" chapter, 
D. A. K., 1914-1916, and was elected State secretary at NashvUle, Nov. 
1917. She was Willtanson county's chairman lor Woman's committee 
lor Liberty Loan bonds, doing splendid work. Mrs. Campbell was dele- 
gate to the League of Woman Voters, which met at the capitol in Nash- 
ville, Tennessee, in May, 1920. She has served as president of the 
Woman's Missionary society of the Presbyterian church in Franklin. The 
i:hi1dren of Wm. Winder Campbell and his wife, Annie James Briggs, 
are: James Harrison Campbell and Stewart Campbell. 

Willie May (Briggs) Jones is a member of the Woman's Missionary 
Council of the Methodist Episcopal church, South, and is a splendid 
chuich worker. She, also, is a member of "Old Glory" chapter, D. A. R. 

Mattie Briggs married Harold Henderson, who was bom and reared 
ii> Murfreesboro, Tenn.; out, since their marriage, Birmingham, Ala., has 
been their home. They have one child, Martha. 

ETizabeth Briggs married Whit Winstead, who is a professor in a 
Southern college. 

George I. Briggs was the president of a college in Rome, Georgia; 
and is now assistant in the Bavlnr school in Chattanooga, Tenn. He 
has one child by his first wife, Jane Briggs. His second wiEe is Susie 
Lea Roberts. They have one child, Sarah Ewing Briggs. 
Rachel Jatie Hughes 

E^chel Jane Hughes, daughter ol Capt. John Hughes and hi.^ viie, 
Sally Martin, was bom In Patrick county, Virginia, Feb. 27, 181S. Her 
first years at school were in Virginia. After coming to Tennessee to 
Jive, her father placed her and her sister in schoil :»t Harpeth Union 
Female Academy, which had been established in IS2S. While here at 
school, they made their home with iheir kinsman, Gen, John Sumner Russ- 
wurm. In 1828 a deed to grounds for this academy "was made by Gov- 
ernor Newton Cannon to Samuel Perkins,W. S.Webb, T. D. Porter, John 
Bostick and Newton Cannon, as trustees for the academy. This school 
was managed with success for many years. In 1837, lot No. 134, in Frank- 
lin, was purchased and the foundation laid for the Franklin Female Acad- 

These two sisters also attended school at Hines Academy, in Frank- 
lin. This old brick building stood where is now (1903) the residence of 
C. R. Berry. The girls studied music and art; they had an old-fashioned 
piano, a spnet, with six beautifully carved mahogany legs. After her 
marriage, Mary, the elder daughter, came in possession of this instru- 
ment. Both sisters kept up their music as long as they lived. The 
writer, however, remembers their music not such as would thrill a mod- 
en) audience. Some specimens of their paintings, which have come down 

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to us, are very tasteful in their simplicity. A card uf merit given in 
school to Jane for "excellent parsing" and another for good penmanship 
have been preserved. An essay on "Oratitude," written by Rachel Jane 
Hughes, is preserved by the writer in the family album. This proves 
her to have been a girl of high ideals. 

We will copy one of Rachel Jane Hughes' invitations, because the 
ball was given on a patriotic day, Jan. 8, the anniversary of the Battle 
of New Oileans, and because it bears many Nashville names of the 

"Society Bin 

"We respectfully solicit the pleasure of your company at a ball to 
be given at Mr. Oowdey's new Ball Room, on Thursday evening, Jan- 
uary 8. 

"Jo«ah Nichol 
liios. O. Moss 
W. S. Pickett 
John P. Tyree 
R. R. Rice 
Frank Williams 
J. W. Butler 
J. W. Bacon 
L. E. Johnson 
A. D. Berry 
Hugh Kirkman 

'W. 0. Harris 
Henry Dickinson 
Charles Symes 
John Kirkman 
Ralph Martin 
Jiio. N. Esselman 
Charles Nichol 
Robert W. Greene 
Samuel Park 
V. S. Stephenson 
J. T. CoUinsworth." 

"j. Robinson 

C. C. Daviess 

J, Grimes 

Alex. Mcintosh 

Patterson B. West 

Chas. F. Berry 

Thos. R. Jennings 

Wm. Crockett 

Thos. W. Earskine 

Jas. Banlchead 

There may have been other names; the paper is cut off. 
Rachel Hughes was married to Dr. Samuel Henderson (1804-1884) 
March 14, 1844. 

The writer rememtwrs following her mother through the negro 
quarters when she would go to look after sick negroes. She was a kind 
mistress. Always she would give the regular cook a holiday on Sun- 
day, when some woman from the quarters would come and take her 
place. Throui^out the South in those days so many negroes were kept 
about the house, that they must have sat much of the time with folded 
hands. The negroes were allowed to have garden plots for themselves. 
Other women used to spin and weave cloth for their clothes; very 
often mother would reel this thread with four cuts to a hank. I think 
spinning a hank of four cuts was con^dered a good day's work for one 
woman. A separate hand did the carding. 

We always played with the negro children. W^ile we enjoyed this, 
it must have been elevating to the little negroes, for they were not al- 
lowed to use any low language in our presence. We suppose they were 
weQ instructed by their mothers in regard to this, for vile language I 
cannot remember having heard from them. Of all the negroes, we loved 
our "Black Mammy" best; and "Aunt Charlotte" was simply devoted 
to her children, as she called us. 1 remember her as a woman of good 

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figure; she always looked tidy in her kerchief aad turbaned head. After 
mother's death, in June, 1858, Aunt Charlotte seemed, if possible, more 
tender toward us than ever. 

During the Civil war several skirmishes were fought on our place. 
Capt. Freeman, of the artillery, and four men were killed here. Alston, 
a negro driver, who happened to have his team out on the place, was 
ordered to carry their five bodies to Spring HilL My brother, Judge John 
H. Henderson, then a manly boy of thirteen, of his own accord, jumped 
into the wagon and went to Spring Hill with them in order, as he said, 
to bring t>sck the wagon, horses, and driver. In those days the army 
was too apt to consider whatever was available as belonging to them 
Several years before his death Judge Henderson wrote for the Confed- 
erate Veteran of June, 1911, his little experience of camp life. Our sol- 
diers at Spring Hill treated him as one of themselves, and made him 
feel just like a soldier, too. But fother grew very restless about his boy; 
and walked across the woods to Mr. Prank Hardeman's, a friend of his, 
seeking his help about getting his boy home. After reaching Mr. Har- 
deman's house with his oldest daughters, he was taken violently ill 
and was compelled to remain over night. Some northern soldiers cam« 
to our home, went into the smoke house, and took hams; then started 
toward the house. Our "black mammy" hustled off In a great hurry 
with my little sister Sue and myself; and rushed across the fields to Mr. 
Jcfierson's. There is so much of tragedy connected with war. After 
brother John reached home safely with the wagon, team, and driver, 
the day after the skirmish, while the horses were being unhitched from 
the wagon, some Northern soldiers came and carried them off. This 
boy had struggled nobly for what he was not permitted to enjoy. 

In the days before the war when the negroes married, if it was 
summer time, they would always stand on the green grass under the 
shade of the tree in the master's yard. If at night, there were always 
the younger friends of the bride to act as "candle holders." These stood 
OR each side of the negro preacher who performed the ceremony. Moth- 
er would pin on the veil for the bride. I have a vivid impesrion of the 
marriage of L«gan, Orandpa Hughes' body servant, to "Sal," one of 
the house girls, at Uncle Brice Hughes'. Aunt Elmira Hughes had a 
long table spread in her basement in the form of an L. The table 
groaned under all kinds of good things to eat. I^ckles were brought in 
in great trays, etc. The marriage ceremony was performed in Aunt 
Elmira's dining room. The "candle holders" attracted my attention. 
The custom of having "candle holders" prevailed in the South among the 
negroes until recent years. Martha, a faithful servant to me in Alabama, 
married in 1888, and on this occa^on had "candle holders." 

When Logan and "Sal" married, the merry-making lasted all night 
long. I, in company with all the other children of thei family, spent the 
night at Uncle Brice's. To us it seemed indeed a joyous occasion. 

My mother was very fond of- Rowers. The beautiful old-fashioned 
gardens belonging to her and her sister are among the sweetest of my 

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early memories. Mother's garden had flowers that lingered as a moir- 
iTrnent to her memory, beautifyjig the lives of her children long after 
Khe had been gathered to her'^ther^^. Here was found the snowball, 
purple lilac, althea, sarynga, hyacinths, siveet-wiliiam, brillianl peonies, 
blue-bottles, the four o'clock*, and innumerabte daffodils. Att of these 
were on borders of the squares of vegetables. 

I have a fond memory of the war connected with my "black mam- 
my" and thfs garden. It was surrounded by a hedge, which, Eke every~ 
thing else, was neglected during the war, and grew up high and wild, 
so much so that all soldiers were afraid to enter the garden, fearing 
"bushwhackers" might be hidden there. 

One day, when in the garden with "Aunt Charlotte," she took me 
(0 a corner, where high weeds had grown. Pushing these weeds 
aside, she showed me her chest of clothes, which she had placed there 
fcr safe keeping. In the chest, among her own clothes, she had put 
things belonging to us which she knew we children prized. It seemed 
to me she was always thinking of the happiness of "her children." 

The people of the South loved their "black mammy" so miich I will 
copy a tribute made by the New York Sun during the movement to 
erect a monument to the "Black Mammy" of the South. The New 
York Sun agreed (lii« monument should be made national by pLic- 
ing it at Washington: 

"Southerners, whether we refer to (hose still living South, or to the 
countless thousands who are distributed over the North, East, and 
West, hers is a name to conjure with. White aproned, turbaned, always 
devoted and alert, she nursed a strenuous and proud race through the 
ailments and vicissitudes of childhood. They went to sleep to her cradle 
tales and chants. They lolled upon her humble, patient breast. She com- 
forted them in their hours of infantile affliction. The Civil war, with its 
dread epilogue of terror, touched "old mammy" not at all. She was 
unconsciously sworn to the family. She performed her simple, but 
incalculable duty; few members of her class survive; the race is surely 
dying; but if there were heroes and martyrs who deserved immortal 
celebration, the old "Negro Mammy" is among them; and not far from 
the head of the list, either." 

My mother was one of the purest and best of Christians. I re- 
member how I loved to sit beside her at church: there was a sweet joy 
in it that I could not define. Her life and death were both inspiration 
to her children. When dying she had her children called to her bed- 
side and gave each a parting message. She had us to promise to meet 
her in heaven. Since I am the last surviving child,' I can testify to the 
fact that I feel assured they are all united in the Happy Land. This 
pi'omise to his mother impressed Judge John H. Henderson' profoundly. 
He spoke of it during his last illness and in his dying hour. 

Adam Riggs, a most excellent man, a Methodist preacher, who 
lived near, was often with mother during her illness. He officiated at 
her burial. The text from which he talked is'the last verse in Daniel: 

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"But go thy way to the end: for thou shall rest and stand m thy lot at 
the end of the days." 

Her father, Capt. John Hughes (1776-1860), who, at the time of his 
daughter's death, was an invalid in this home, survived her two and a 
half years. She died in June, 1858; he died ki the home of his son-in- 
law. Dr. Samuel Henderson (1804-1884), Dec. 26, 1860. A sketch 
of Dr. Henderson is given elsewhere in this record. See "Henderson." 

Children of Dr. Samuel Heoderson and Ma WHe, Racbel Jane Hughes 

1. Samuel Henderson; born 1845; died in infancy. 

2. Sallie Martin Henderson; born Sept. 14, 1847; married Capt. 
George Smithson. 

3. Mary Jane Henderson; born Jan. 17, 1849; married Rev. Wni. 
R. Warren. 

4. John Hughes Henderson; bom Dec. 18, 1849; married Lizzie 
Ewin Perkins. 

5. Lucy Matilda Henderson; born Jan. 14, 1851; married Henry 
Claiborne Horlon. 

6. Samuel Henderson; born June 22, 1852; married, first, Florence 
Alorton; second, Bettie Hughes. 

7. Susan Virginia Henderson; born June, 1855; married Meredith 
P. 0. Winsfead. 

8. Levisa Henderson; born 1857; died in infancy. 

The two children who died in infancy, Samuel and Levisa, are 
buried in the old Hughes graveyard, where Capt. John Hughes' (1776- 
1860) body rests. 

V. CoL Samuel Hughes. 

Samuel Hughes, son of Col. Archelaus Hughes and his wife, Mary 
Dalton, was bom at "Hughesville," the family homestead, in Patrick 
county, Va. He died at the age of sixty-eight. Col. Hughes was oS 
the highest type ol the old Virginia gentleman. For many years he 
was a member of the Virginia senate. We have letters written by him 
while a member of the legislature in Richmond to his brother, Capt. 
John Hughes, who at that time lived in' Patrick county. Aside from 
this he was fond of visiting Richmond; for he enjoyed the social life of 
the capital, having many relatives and friends there. Here came to 
him the great tragedy of hts life at the time of the terrible theatre fire 
in 1811. On this occasion the Covemor of Virginia lost his life, as did 
many others. A monument to them stands in the church built on the 
site of the theatre. People who visit Richmond can look on the tall old 
iron fence which enclosed the theatre in 1811. 

The fiance of Samuel Hughes lost her life in this theatre fire. We 
know not whether he accompanied her or not. Pos^bly he did, and 
the thought that he escaped and she was lost added poignancy to his 
grief; and, yet, knowing this man's character as we do, he must have 
made his utmost effort to save her. How futile the effort to save any- 

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one is brought out in Virginia Historical Magazine, Vol. 5, 1897-98, 
page 460. 

He always cherished this love, and never marricc!. However, he 
seemed to bestow a double portion of love on his mother. The devo- 
tion of mother and son was something beautiful The tradition of this 
has been handed down in the family, and to this good day (1912) the 
pictures of Samuel Hughes and his mother hang side by sde in some of 
our homes. He outHved his mother only a few years. She lived to be 
ninety-three years old; and when she died he seemed to be inconsol- 
able. His sister Sallie, wife of Col. Joseph Martin, of Henry county, Va., 
tried to comfort htm. He said to her: "You have a companion; I have 
lonc ■ 

We will copy a letter written by Samuel Hughes, then a member of 
ihe Virginia semite, (o his brother, Capt. John Hughes: 

"Richmond, Dec. 29, IBIT. 
"Dear Brother: 

"I ait down to inform you of the fortunate escape that I made from 
the late conflagration of the theatre in this place. I was prevailed upon 
iti accompany some of my acquaintances to the play. The evening 
on which that memorable catastrophe happened, from the pleasantness 
of the evenmg and the probability of a good play, we had an unusually 
full house. I happened myself to be in the pit, not far from the door, 
when the alarm bf fire was announced by one of the actors. I, af that 
moment, discovered the lire through the scenery. It is said that t1 
caught from one of the tights against which some of the canvas scen- 
ery was thrown, which was so very combustible as to be almost in- 
stantaneously communicated to the roof of the theatre, and which in a 
very few moments wrapped the whole house in flames. 

"In consequence of my being so near the entrance of the pit, amt 
flying to it immediately, I was enabled to get to the outer door before 
the greatest crowd reached it. For the more correct description of the 
frcenc I win refer you to the Inquirer, where yuu will nm oiily see 
The account of the memorable catastrophe, but also a list of those who 
perished, amongst whom you will perceive thera are some of the most 
distinguished citizens in the Commonwealth. The members of the leg- 
islature have all escaped without the loss of a single life, though many 
were wounded in the flight from windows. But there is no one hurt 
from our part of the country, and none but what are likely shortly to 

"The business of this session has been mostly of a local nature, as 
you wiB percdve from the Inquirer, which is a good journal of our pro- 
ceedings. The Senate having adjourned at an early period of ses^on. 
there has, of course, been no law of a general nature yet acted upon. 
It appears to be generally concluded that Barbour, ^nce the loss of the 
late Governor, pr<^bly without oiqiositiofl, will be appointed the Chiel 

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'I wrote you hi a letter to my mother the prices of hi<les, which 
Temain plenty and at the prices quoted. I am well. Mr. Fontaine and 
I have taken a room together, wliom 1 find to be most agreeable. 

"I will not make any hirfher comments on our prospects, our pro* 
■ceedings, and that of the general Oovernment. t must refer you to the 
Tfirect inlormation of yout paper that accompanies this Itlfer. Pray 
write me immediately as I am extremely anxious to hear from home. 
Have not as yet received one word since leaving there. Am in hopes 
the few articles 1 was enabled to get have all come on safe, and that 
my horse has by this time arrived. By Capt. Penn I sent Matilda some 
things wliich she requested me, that 1 did not get when wagon was 

"I am, dear brotlier, yours with fraternal affectioii, 


In this letter to his brother delicacy kept him from mentioning the 
t3Ct that his fiance perished in the fire; but we see that he sent a news' 
faper bearing all names of those who were lost. 

In the early years of the nineteenth century people wrote import^ 
ant words beginning them with i capital letter. 

We wiO copy another of Samuel Hughes' letters while a member 
x)f flie Virginia legislature in 1807. In this he speaks of the emturgo, 
of laws regarding ^aves, etc. Then, too, we see that he took an Inter- 
est m foreign news, as well as domestic. This, according to Thomas 
Nelson Page, was a class test: "This interest in foreign affairs, and 
was handed down from father to son in the Old South." 

"Richmond, Dtc. 30, 1807. 
"Dear Brother: 

"After informing yon of having no doubt of you making this in 
your way from r'etersburg, you will no longer wonder why I did not 
write you then. Having, agreeable to your request, inquired of Mes- 
sers. Harris and Bisco the price of those screws and where they could 
be procured, am informed thai they are not to be had without sending 
10 New York or some other port for them. Those gentlemen inform 
nte that they would not recommend the screws to you as a country 
manufacturer, that they conceive the press with the beam much the 
best. The screw, getting the smallest injury, is irreparable, and a good 
one difScult to get. 

"Mr. Bisco says if you think proper to try them he will, at yout 
request, write on to New York for as many as you want, that the 
prices of such as would answer your purpose would be from thirty to 
forty dollars. Should have written by the last mail, but not being ap- 
prised of the prices. Hour of tts departure was disappointed in getting 
my letter. But am sending you the Inquirer; I am persuaded that i( 
has given every infomtation of Domestic as well as Foreign intelligence 
that I could have transmitted, it being so complete a journal. Shall 
Only here mention the BtH to amend the slave law, admitting the necei^ 


tion of slaves into the State by wtll or marriage. And also the Bill foi 
establishing a Superior Court of Law and Equity in each county, and 
abolishing the present district Courts of Law and district Courts o( 
Equity. It is rather thought this Bill will pass. 

"There have been more than the usual number of Bills of a local 
nature presented to the Legislature, and from lengthy discussions of 
unimportant points produced by the young lawyers in the House, who 
are numerous, it is thought we shall hare a long Session. 

"On arrival of the news from Washington of the embargo on 
the vessels in our ports, produce has fallen to a very low price. It is 
said Tobacco could not be sold for three dollars; flour very dull. Hemp 
alone retains its price. War with one of the belligerent powers of 
Europe is thought quite probable, with which power we are at a loss 
to determine. 

"I have since in this place enjoyed a tolerable share of health, and 
hope this will find you and all the family favored with a like blessing 
Nothing more at the present, but must subscribe myself, with fraternal 
affection, yours, Samuel Hughes." 

We find in Dr. Robert Hunter Dalton's chronicles of the family that 
Col. Samuel Hughes went to Richmond and employed council to prose- 
cute a lawsuit, seeking to recover money involved in business of the 
Loyal Land Company, an issue between his grandfather, Samuel Dal- 
ton (1699-1802), and elder James Madison, father of President James 

This man enjoyed the devotion of his family, and had many 
warm friends. 

VI. Matnda (Hughes) Diaar± 
Matilda Hughes, daughter of Col. Archelaus Hughes and his wife, 
Mary Dalton, was born at "Hugesville," the family homestead in Pat- 
rick county, Va. From old family accounts we infer she was fond of 
dress. Her brother, CoL Samuel Hughes, in writing home from Rich- 
mond in December, 1811, to Capt. John Hughes, speaks of sending Ma- 
tilda some things by Capt. Penn. The "things" he sent were swans- 
down trimming and lace. She married General John Dillard. Gen. 
Dillard served in the war of 1812 with distinction. He was a son of 
Capt., later Col., John Dillard, of the Revolutionary war (see his obitu- 
ary following; also Virginia Magazine 7, 1899, page 4). 

We have a letter written by Matilda (Hughes) Dillard to her 
brother, Capt. John Hughes, in Williamson county, Tenn., after she had 
had a visit from Dr. Samuel Henderson (1804-1884) and her brother. 
Madison Redd Hughes, of Tennessee. Dr. Henderson had viated all of 
his wife's (Rachel Jane Hughes) relatives in Patrick, Henry, and Pitt- 
sylvania counties, Va, This is a most affectionate letter. She speaks 
of having enjoyed Dr. Henderson's and M. R. Hughes' company "to the 
fullest extent," and says "i felt really sad for several days after they 
left," adding that she is "anxious to see those brag children of whom 
the the Doctor speaks so much." She had contemplated a visit to Teti- 



nessK, but says: "Since the death of my beloved Peter (her son) I 
cannot leave home with much saflsfaction." Peter Dillard had married 
a Miss Redd, of the same family into whicK Wm. BaHard Preston mar* 
Tied. Wm. Ballard Preston was Secretary of the Navy, 184»-50. He 
was U. S. Minister to France during the Buchanan administrati«n. He 
was also a memt>er of the ConfedeiJite congress at the time of his 
death, 1862. His wife was Lucinda Redd. Cd. Peter DiDard, Oen. 
John Dillard's brother, married Elizabeth Redd. Both of (fiese women 
descended from Major John Redd of the Revolutionary war. He is the 
author of The Redd Narrative, included in the celebrated Draper man- 
uscripts in the Wiscon^n State library. Major Redd accumulated vast 

Three of the Redd sisters and brothers married grandchildren of 
Patrick Henry by the name of Fontaine. Overton Redd married Martha 
Fontaine; P(rfly Redd married Rev. John T. Fontaine; Edmund Redd 
married Sarah Ann Fontaine. This Redd family was not the same 
-one to which Anne (Nancy) Redd, vnfe of Samuel Datton (I69d-IS(G), 
belonged. Nancy Redd was a descendant of Sir Wm. Lionel Rufus de 

The DiDard family were originally Church of England people. On 
pnge 15, Vol. 11, Old Churches and Families of Virginia, by Bishop 
Meade, it can t>e seen that Thomas Dillard was vestryman of Camden 
parish, Pittsylvania county, Va. This same family took part in Colo* 
nial wars (see page M, Qeanings of Virginia, and Henning's Statutes). 

Mr. John Lea DillRrd of Portsmouth and Columbus, Ohio, has In 
his posession a record from Williamsburg, Va., showing that Capt. 
James Dillard was allowed so much money for paying off his troops 
after an Indian campaign. This, of course, was in colonial days. lie 
also has a dictionary which belonged to the same Captain, later Major, 
Jas. ranard; and some of his wrifings dated 1703, The penmanship is 

There were many Penn and Dillard intermarriages. Sonw of this 
Penn family lived in Patrick county, Va. Here in colonial times "Penn's 
Store" was, and stitl is, a postoffice. We have papers which prove this. 
In old family papers there is constant reference to members of the 
Penn family. Abraham Penn was made Lieutenant Colonel at the same 
time Archelaus Hughes was made Colonel (see page 415, Vol. IX, Vir- 
ginia Magazine of History and Biography). One branch of this family 
lived in North Car<dina. Perhaps the best kfiown of the North Caro- 
lina branch was John Penn, of Granville county, N. C, who signed the 
Declaration of Independence. He was, however, bom in (Proline 
county, Va. (see Wheeler's History of Granvilte county, N. C). He 
studied law under his kinsman, Edmund I^ndleton. 

Mr. John Lea Dillard, of Ohio, is related both to the Penns who lived 
i.i Virginia and those who lived in North Carolina; indeed they are one 
and the same family. An aunt of his, Martha Richie Dillard, married 
William Joseph Penn, a son of (^apt. Charles Penn. Capt. Penn's wife was 

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Nancy Skeller, whose fatiier was an aide to Qen. George Washington. 
Mr. Dillard, when a boy, often visited the old Penn home, "Springwood," 
ard remembers having seen these letters signed by Gen. Wash- 
ington and other well known men of the day. Both Gen. Dillara anu 
Col. Peter Dillard had sons with Penn in their names. 

We are told that numbers of this Penn family have entered patri- 
otic orders through Wm. Penn, founder of Pennsylvania. In early days 
people often drifod from place to place, along lines of least resistance. 
Valleys between mountains easily led from Pennsylvania to Virginia 
and North Crolina. 

Matilda Hughes Dillard married a Penn of the North Carolina 
branch. Their descendants are very wealthy people at the present 
time (1918) and live in Virginia and North Carolina. She was a daugh- 
ter of General John Dillard and his wife, Matilda Hughes. 

Archelaus Hughes Dillard, son of Gen. John Dillard and his wife, 
Matilda Hughes, was bom March 17, 1817; died Aug. 21, 1901. 
Archelaus Dillard married his cousin, Martha Ann Dillard, dau^ter of 
Col. Peter Dillard and his wife, Betsy Redd. They were both grana- 
children of Major John Redd and his wife, Mary, Walker. A. Hughes 
Dillard was educated at the University of Virpnia, and became a bril- 
liant lawyer. He served, as did many of -the family, in the Virginia 
legislature, but was defeated by Gen. Jubal Early for a seat in the 
secession legislature. Dillard ran on the secession ticket, however 
He educated all of his sons well. John Lea Dillard was a cadet at 
V. M. I. He served with Gen. Lee's army until the end of the war after 
the cadet corps were disbanded. He studied law at the University of 
Virginia, and was Judge of Henry county, Va., at the time of his death, 
at the age of twenty-seven. 

Peter H. Dillard, father of John Lea Dillard, of Ohio, studied law 
at the University of Virginia, and is now (1918) Judge of the Circuit 
Court of Franklin and Bedford counties, Va. A. Hughes Dillard IL U 
Commonwealth Attorney for Pittsylvania county. Va., and has held this 
position for thirty years or more. This family seems wedded to the 
practice of law: the four sons of Peter H. Dillard were all lawyers. 
Only three of them, however, are living. Carter Lea Dillard died in 
1909. Hughes Datton Dillard is now a member of the Virginia legis- 
lature (I9I8). He was educated at the University of Virginia. H. D. 
Dillard was born two months before his great-grandmother, Matilda 
(Hughes) Dillard, died. She claimed the privilege of naming him for 
two branches of the family. Hughes Dalton Dillard. He was bom at 
Rocky Mount. Va., Jan. 28, 1875. Two brothers in this family were 
educated at Washington and Lee University. John Lea Dillard, the 
other brother, is a civil engineer and is also a railroad contractor. J. 
L. Dillard graduated from V. M. I. He served in the war with Spain. 
He is a son of Judge Peter Dillard, of Rocky Mount, Va., and great- 
grandson of Gen. John Dillard and Matilda Hughes, his wife. In the 
present World war (1918) the family is represented by John Dillard, 



son of Hughes Ditlard, of Chatham, Va., and by Brigadier-General Wil- 
liam Chamberlain, son of Wm. Chamberlain, attomey-at-iaw, and his 
wife, Mattie Dillard, who is daughter of A. H. Dillard. John Dillard is 
Second Lieutenant in the Coast Artillery. Gen. Wm, Chamberlain is 
of Hie regular army. He was in command of artillery at Chateau Theiry 
in the World war. When he graduated at West Point his grandfather, 
A. Hughes Dillard, thought he should have a family heirloom, which 
had been handed down to men of the same name. This was the sword 
worn by Col. John Ditlard in the Revolutionary war, and by Gen. John 
[>illard HI the war of 1812. It came into possession of Mr. John Lea 
Dillard, of Ohio, from his uncle, John, but, at the grandfather's re- 
quest, the historical gword was given to Gen. Wm. Chamberlain. Arch- 
elaus Hughes Dillard, his grandfather, is buried at Chatham, Va. Gen. 
Chamberlain's Nster, Annie, is the wife of Major-General Frank Coe. 
To make reference more easy, we will insert some Dillard gene- 

Major James Dillard 

Children of Major James Dillard: 

1. Capt. Thomas Dillard. 

2. George Dillard. 

3. Captain, later Col., John Dillard. 

Children of Colonel J<rtin Dillard 

a. General John Dillard; married Matilda Hughes, daughter oi 
Col, Archeiaus Hughes and his wife, Mary Dalton. 

b. Cd. Peter Dillard; married Elizabeth Redd, daughter of Major 
John Redd and his wife, Mary Walker. 

c. James Dillard; married Lucy Mooreman. 

d. Ruth Dillard; married Mr. Spencer. 

e. Pattie Dillard; married Mr, Shelton. 

f. Jane Dillard; married first. Mayo; second, Cheatam. 

CMMren of General John Dfllard and his WHe, Matilda Hughes 

1. Samuel; died unmarried. 

2. Archeiaus Hughes; married Martha Ann Dillard, daughter of 
Col. Peter Dillard and his wife. Qizabeth Redd. 

3. Peter P.; married and left two sons and one daugh- 

4. John Lea; married Isabel Jones. 
b. James Madison; died unmarried. 

6. Dr. George Penn; married Miranda Brooks. 

7. Matilda Hughes; married Shelton Penn. 

8. Mary Dalton; died unmarried. 

9. Jane; married Mr. Watkins. 

10. Annie; married Richard Watkins. 

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Captain, later Major, James Dfflard, lerved bis country in the 
French and Indian war. He went out to this war from Halibx county. 
This county jbias Pittsylvania. Captain James Dillard was paid lor bis 
stTvices daring the French and Indian war (see par* 84. Gleanings of 
Virginia, and Henning's Stafufes.) 

The French and Indian war, which lasted from I7M t* 1763, was 
the American phase of the Sevca Years' war, and the culminating por- 
tion of the struggle between France and England lor the possession 
oi North America. 

Mr. John Lea Dillard, of Portsmouth and Cohimbus, Ohio, a lineal 
descendant of Capt. James Dilard, has some of this man's rdics, an 
old book bearing the date 1703. He has, too, several specimens of this 
man's writing. The petimanship is fine. He has a record ol service of 
KCme of hii colonial ancestors, among them Capt, James Dillard, from 
Williamsburg, who wsa allnwed so much money for paying off his 
men after some campaign. 

Captain Thomas Dillard, his son, was of the Continental line of the 
Pittsylvania county regula s. On pages 255-257 of the American Month- 
ly Magazine, of the Daughters of the American Revolution, for June, 
1912, where quotation is made from original county records, we see 
something of the services of these DIUard brothers in the Revolution. 
George Dillard, who was the grandfather of Mrs. Ella (Hughes) Mc- 
Kinney of Nashville, Tenn., served in his brother's (Capt. Thos. Dil- 
lard) company. On page 256 we see that Capt. Thomas Dillard in 
June, 1776, with Lieutenant Jesse Heard and Ensign Robert Dalton, 
commanded a company of minute men under Oen. Andrew Lewis, ana 
they marched against Gwynne's Idand. These men were caDed "Shirt 
Men," because they wore hunting shirts. "This company under Cap- 
tain Thomas DiHard marched from Pittsylvania through the counties 
ot Halifax, Charfotte, and Dunwiddie to the town of Petersburg, cross- 
ed James river at Cobhams, and proceeded by way of Jamestown and 
Clever's tavern until Gwynne's Island was reached. Here they were 
stationed five or nx weeks under Gen. Lewis and took part in the bat- 
tle of Gwynne's Island, fought July 9, 1776." On page 257 we find: 
"In Jan., 1778, Captain Thomas Dillard and Lieuefnant Chas. Hutch- 
ings commanded a company of militia that marched direct from Pitt- 
sylvania to Isaac Riddles' house, twelve miles above the Long Island 
of Holston river; thence on to Boonsboro, Kentucky, where they were 
stationed three months. Later, some of Capt. Thomas Dillard's compa- 
ny, amon^ them his brother George, serving under Colonel George 
Rogers Clark, marched into the country known as the Illinois, of which 
they took possession." In the Spring of 1778 Captain John Dillard 
(smother son of Capt. James Dillard) marched with his company to the 
frontier. The writer, Lucy Henderson Horton, has interesting auto- 
graph letters written by Gen. John Dillard, a son of Capt. John Dillard, to 
her grandfather. Captain John Hughes, brother-in-law of Gen. Dillard. 

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Gen. John Dillard of Henry county, Va., had a son, Archelaus Hughes Dil- 
lard (see page 4, Virginia Magazine 7, 1899). 

The Wafkins family was from Appomattox county, Va. 

John Lea Dillard married a second time, and moved to Missouri. 
Matilda, daughter of Dr. George Dillard, with her brother George, went 
west to live. 

Matilda Dillard married Shelton Penn. Some members of Gen. 
Joseph Martin's branch also married into the Penn family. 

Mary, daughter of General John Dillard, was never married. When 
a young giri she was considered a beauty, and was engaged to be mar- 
ried to a young gentleman; but her family oppposed the match because 
he was poor. He went to Loui^ana to live, and became one of the 
leading men of that state. Mary Dillard lived to be quite old! A neph> 
ew lost what money she had; and when she died she was utterly 

Jane (Dillard) Watkins lived at the old Dillard home. Ann (Dil- 
lard) Watkins lived at Farneville. 

We will copy the obituary of General John Dillard as published in 
a Richmond, Va., paper at the time of his death: 

"Patriot, Soldiery and Christian gone to Rest. Died, on the ninth 
of January, 1847, at 'Fonthill,' his residence, in the county of Henry, 
General John Dillard, in the axty-fourth year of his age. The deceas- 
ed had been for many years suffering at intervals, most acutely from 
chronic inflammation of the tongue and pharynx, which, though, it 
impaired his general health, was yet insufficient to repress the energy 
and vigitonce which eminently distinguished him in every pursuit of his 
life, until the o'er informed tenement of clay crumbled under the work- 
ings of the indwelling spirit. Few men in his sphere of action have 
descended to the tomb followed more unaffectedly by the regrets, not 
only of relatives and friends, but of a very extended circle of acquain- 
tances. Bom of highly respected parents, yet reaching manhood wWi 
no particular advantage of education, and a very humble patrimony, by 
an energy of character which no adverse circumstances could retard, 
and a native vigor of intellect that supplied by profound observation of 
men and things the deficiency of early mental culture, he very soon laid 
the foundation of an ample competency, while he secured the esteem 
and confidence of all who approached htm by the kindness and cour- 
tesy of his manners, and a high-toned, unimpeachable integrity, showing < 
out in every transaction of his life. 

"Honored at an eariy day by the almost unanimous suffrages of 
his fellow-citizens of Henry, he repeatedly represented them in the 
House of Delegates. It was while he held that relation to them, in 
1812, that, on the call of his country, then invaded by a powerful and 
n-lentless foe, he flew to her standard, at the head of a gallant company 
of volunteers, 'and during his service at Norfolk and its vicinity, evinced 
those high qualities of head and heart, that, in the event of a protracted 

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war, would have inevitably advanced him to a promineiit coimnaiKl 
in the army of hia country. No man knew better how to temper the 
inflexible exactions of the most rigid discipline with the kindness and 
paternal solicitude which win the heart and increase the efficiency of 
a citizen-soldiery. His purse and his advice were freely resorted to 
by his men, while bis strict attention and firmness in exacting from a 
negligent and badly organized commissariat department wholesome 
and adequate supplies lor his soldiers, are believed to be the principal 
cause of the very small loss which his command sustained amidst the 
unparalleled destruction of life that attended the quartering of the moun- 
tain troops in that miasmatic region. There remains not one of tlie 
gallant men whom he led on thai occasion who would not seal with 
his life's blood, if needed, his attachment to his chief. 

"At the close of the war the necessity of attending to his private 
affairs caused him to decline a continuance in the public service, but 
the eyes of his feflow-citizens were upon him, and unsolicited, per- 
haps then scarce denred, such honors as were compatible with bis pri- 
vate pursuits were in rapid succession heaped upon him. The Legis- 
lature, upon the first vacancy occurring, conferred upon him, by a 
neariy unanimous vote, the rank and office of Brigadier General; and, 
in the same discharge of the duties appertaining to that appointment, 
while he extended his acquaintance, and made many friends, he left 
the impression on all that approached him that, in any emergency 
which might arise, he was equal to the requirements of his high sta- 
tion. As a magistrate none were more active — none disi:harged the 
delicate and sometimes painful duties incident to the office with more 
singleness of purpose, and none with more entire reliance of those 
interested, on his judgment and impartiahty. Indeed, so abiding was 
this belief that he was universal umpire among all classes of his neigh- 
bors, and often by his interposition, in that way, prevented Utigation 
and reconciled friends," etc. 

John EKIIard Spencer, descendant of Gen. John Dillard, lived in 
Modesto, California. Here he was editor of the Evening News. He 
was a democrat, and his paper was democratic. His great-uncle, Moses 
Spencer, of Henry county, Va., lost an eye at Brandywine. We wilt 
quote from the Evening News an article which was copied by a Dan- 
ville, Va., paper some years ago in regard to Captain, later Colonel, John 
Dillard of the Revolutionary war: "The career of Col. John Dillard of 
Henry county, Va., in the Revolution was full of work and incident. He 
was severely wounded through the lungs at Princeton in IT77 under 
General Washmgton, and rendered Incapable of field service afterwards. 
In fact be never recovered from his wound, though he lived to a good 
old age. Like his friend Spencer, he was always a democrat. He fre- 
quently represented the county of Henry in the Legislature of Virginia 
during the administration of the elder Adams and Thomas Jefferson, and 

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ftimigh admiring Gen. Washington almost to adoration, he opposed some 
of his measures as inconnstent with the true democratic spirit of our 
constitution. After his wound had partiaUy healed, he was detailed and 
furnished with a detachment of cSsabled patriots like htmsetl to get up 
provisions and horses in fhe mountains of Ids state and North Carolina 
tot the Continents army. 

"Col. DSafd retained his mBitary spirit all his Tik, and when Oie 
war with Great Britain begun, in 1812, he saw one of his sons, John 
Dillard, Jr., go into fhe service, the captain of an artillery company of 
volunteers and come out a general of brigade; who became one of the 
most useful, eminent, and wealthy citizens of his day fn hfs part of 
upper Virginia." 

Vn. WSHam Hufhes 

WiDiam Hughes, son of Col. Archdaus Hughes, of the Revolution, 
and his wife, Mary Dalton, was born at the family home, "Hughesvilte," 
in Patrick county, Virginia. He married first his cousin, Susannah 
Moore, by Whom he had no children. His second wife was Aflce Carr. 
This family always seemed fond of calling names in old Welsh form; 
Vi Alice Carr Hughes was familiarly known as "Alsey" Hughes, She 
came of the well-known family (rf Carr, represented in boSi Virginia 
and North Carolina. 

After his marriage to "Alsey" Carr, William Hughes moved to 
Stokes county. North Carolina, in 1828 he brought his famfly to live 
in Maury county, Tennessee. 

Judge Archelaus Madison Hughes, born Nov. 21, 181 1. 

Rev. John Fulkerson Hughes. 

Rev. William Hughes. 

Maria Hughes, married Wm. Doss. 

jDdge Ardidatu MwlbOD Hughes (1B1M898) 

Archelaus Madison Hughes, son of William Hughes and his wife, 
Alice Carr, was born in Stokes county, North Carolina, Nov. 21, 1811. 
When .seventeen yeard old he came to Maury county, Tenn., with his 
father; this being his home until his death in 189S. He was principally 
educated in Henry county, Va., at the Patrick Henry Academy. After 
leaving school he engaged in teaching at Cedar Springs, now in Mar- 
shall county. He always intended that law should be his profession, 
even while in business carrying on the study of law; however, later he 
devoted his entire time to studying law in the office of Madison S. 
Frierson; and was admitted to the bar at the age of thirty-five by Judge' 
Dillahunty. He commenced practice in Columbia, which was ever after 
his home. In 1847 he was elected Attorney General for Columbia Judi- 
cial circuit, and re-elected in 1853. A year and a half after this the 
constitution was changed, and he was thrown out of office; but was 



re-elected in 1860, holding the office altogether for thirteen years. He 
was elected Judge of the same court in 1866, preading there until 1870, 
when the adoption of the revised constitution of that year again turned 
him to private practice. 

From 1873 to 1877 he was United States District Attorney, under 
appointment from President Grant. 

Judge Hughes became a Mason at Columbia, Tenn., about 1837. 
For many years he was a Knights Templar. He served several terms 
as Grand Master of Tennessee. He was twice Grand High Priest of the 
State of Tennessee. This is the only secret organization to which he 
ever belonged. 

In the practice of his profession Judge Hughes was financially suc- 
cessful, having built up a handsohie fortune by his own unaided exertion. 
He gave his children fine education, which he considered the best for- 
tune he could ^ve them. 

His methods in the conduct of life, as pursued by himself, and en- 
joined upon hia children, were strict veracity and the avoidance of dis- 
sipation. He never made anything by peculation, or by any other 
means than the practice of his profession. The highest fee he ever 
received was Kfteen hundred dollars. 

While Attorney General he did his best to convict the guilty; but 
he never used his influence to prosecute anyone, believing it to be as 
much his duty to let the innocent go free as to convict the guilty. In one 
instance a female indicted on a criminal charge was. as he thought, in- 
sufficiently defended, and, believing her innocent, instead of continuing 
the prosecution, he Addressed the court in favor of her discharge, which 
was granted by Judge Dillahunty with a high compliment to the At- 
torney General. He was an able and forceful speaker, and most 
courteous in debate. He was a man of superior mentality; of decided 
views; but never obtrusive. 

We wilt relate an incident which proved the intergrity of this 
man's life: Soon after the war (1861-1865) he found it necesssary to 
foreclose a mortgage which he held upon a large landed estate, and, 
much to his surprise and regret, the property only brought the amount 
of the debt. The sale was confrmed and the courts made a clear title, of 
the pr(9erty to Judge Hughes; thus he was in possession of one of the 
finest estates in the State for less than one-fourth of its value. The debtor 
asked the privilege of redeeming it; and the request was granted. In 
less than a year it was done, and Judge Hughes gladly returned the 
■ deed. This man of wealth upon his dying bed enjoined his children 
never to forget Judge Hughes' kindness. He charged them if ever 
misfortune befell Judge Hughes, if he should need financial aid, they 
must stand by him. 

The possession of this land would have meant to Judge Hughes 

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large wealfh. Bekig asked by one of his friends if he did not find it 
liard to part with the property when he might hold it by law, he re- 
plied: "I will die wiA ■ clear Mnscience and leave 1o my children a 
iar richer inheritance — a good name." 

Id pditics Judge Hughes was a republican; and in the State Con> 
vcntion of 1881 lie was voted for as a candidate for governor. 

His home was a commodious two^tory brick house in Oie West 
End of Columbia, surrounded by large grounds wliich were always 
'beautifully Icept Here were found the giants of the forest m pristine 
beauty, filled wifli sweet singing blrfs, wliich no one was allowed ti> 
molest. Here squirrels were often seen to dart from tree to tree. 

Arch M. Hughes was twice mariied. His first wife was Sarah G. 
Mosley, oi Bedford county, whom he married Oct 11, 1836l She died 
in 1842. His second wife was Mattie B. Neill, daughter of Col. Jo4in 
L. Neil), of Bedford county. Col. Netll distinguished himself at the Bat- 
1Ie of New Orleans. He was one of the prominent men of the state. In 
fact, the family has been prominent in the affairs of tfie nation since its 
early history. Both of the wives of Judge Hughes were descendants of 
Abram Martin, some of whose descendants are buried at old St. Mich- 
eat's diurch, Chaifeston, S. C The names ol his descendants adorn 
many a page in history. Mattie B. Neill was married in 1844. A few 
years after her marriage they moved to this home m West End, which 
at that time was a small house; but she always said that she was as 
happy as a queen. Here she lived for fifty-seven years, and died June 
1 1 , 1909. She and her husband were tioth members of the Presbyterian 
church. They lie buried in the beautiful Rose Hid cemetery at Colum- 
bia. His interment took place with Masonic honors Children by first 

1. Rebecca M., born July 30, 1838; died April 18, 1851. 

2. Sarah Q., born Dec 21, 1842; married Gideon W. Grifford Jan. 
W. 1866. 

Captain a W. Oifford was born in New York Oct. 9, 1842, and 
died at his home in Nashville, on West Greenwood avenue, in 1914. 
He was connected with the postoffice at Nashville, being superintendent 
ol mail carriers, appointed in 1898. He was a captain in the Union army 
during the Civil war, holding several important commissions. At the 
time of his death he was secretary of the local Qvil Service board. 

Captain Gifford was a member of the Moore Memorial church, 
NashviHe, serving both as deacon and elder. He was a man of deep 

Arch M. Hughes' second marriage was to Mattie B. Neill, Dec. 12, 

Nine children were born to this union, but only five reached ma- 

3. Col. Archetaus M. Hughes, jr., a lawyer, was internal Revenue 
collector through one administration. He was Lt-CoL of a volunteer np- 


menl during the Spanish-American war. Col. Hughes married Elizabeth 
T Smoot, Oct. 6, 1867. 

4. Captain William Neill Hughes of U. S. regular anny 13tti 
Infantry, which showed great gallantry at San Juan Hill, was later a 
retired Major. He lost his health in the Cuban campaign. Capt. Hughes 
married Annie R. Murphy, June 3, 1875. During the great World war 
Major W. N. Hughes did magnificent work as recruiting officer. He 
loves his flag with a perfect devotion; and has written an interesting 
and edifying article on "Old Glory." 

Captain W. N. Hughes, Jr., son of Major, later Colonel, W. N. 
Hughes, was born and reared in Maury county,, Tenn., near Columbia. 
He received commission as 2nd Lieutenant in August, 1899, in the 
Thirteenth Infantry, serving in the Philippine Islands. It was at this time 
that the islands were most disturbed by the insurrections fermented and 
led by Aguinaldo. Capt. Hughes fought in a number of minor engage- 
ments, capturing a number of Insurrectos, supplies, ponies and money. 

He was commissioned 1st Lieutenant in 1901. Later he graduated 
. at Fort Leavenworth. For two years after this he was aide-de-camp to 
Major-General J. Franklin Bell, later becoming Chief of Staff under this 

In 1908, Captain Hughes returned to the Philippine Islands, where 
he served as chief of the signal, first in the department of Mindanao and 
later in the department of Visayos. He later served with the maneuver 
divifflon on the Mexican border. After this service he received 
his commission as Captain in the Seventh Infantry, being 
stationed at Fort Leavenworth again. In 1913 he went to 
Galveston in the division mobilization there. For about six months Capt. 
Hughes served at Vera Cruz as cable censor, being appointed by General 
Funston. He served for some time in Tennessee, his native state, as 
recruiting officer and August 21, 1916, he left Nashville for service in 
Washington, D. C. He became Chief of Staff of the 42nd, or Rainbow 
Division during the Worid war. He was decorated by General Pershing 
with the Distinguished Service Medal; and since this has been decorated 
three times. 

Brandon F. Hurhes. a grandson of Judge A. M. Hughes, belonged 
t»; the 15th Engmeers during the Worid war. Arch. A. Hughes, grand- 
son of Judge A. M. Hughes, was of the 161st Infantry. Both of these 
men belonged to the 4l3t, or Sunset Division; and they served on the 
Mexican border, Both being volunteers. 

5. General James W. F. Hughes, of Topeka, Kansas, married Nina 
Clark, Oct. 6, 1886. he at one time commanded the Kansas State 
Guard as Brigadier General. At one time he was mayor of Topeka. 

6. Edmund Dillahunty Hughes' lives near Mt. Pleasant, Tenn. He 
is engaged in farming. Under McKinley's administration he served as 
postmaster at Mt. Pleasant. He married Tennie B. Dickson, May 17. 
1885. He had a son in the World war. 

7. Alice A. Hughes married James B. Smith, of Columbia, Dec. 

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16, 1875. Since the death of her mother, she makes her home with hei 
two daughters, Mrs. Eldrige Watts Poindexter (Lena B. Smith), of Roan- 
oke, Virginia, and Mrs. Eugene Tavenor, of St. Louis. 

Mr. Tavenor is a graduate of Peabody College, and studied five 
years at Columbia University, N. Y., from which he graduated, getting 
his P. H. D. in Latin at the latter place. He was bom at Petersburg^ 
West Virginia, of English parentage. He is a member of the Baptist 
church. In 1919, Mr. Tavenor became a member of the faculty of 
Washington University at St. Louis, occupying the chair of Latin and 
Greek. In the Summer of 1919 he taught Greek at Columbia University. 
He is a gifted musician. 

Mr. Poindexter is of English and French descent. He was bom h 
Bedford county, Vir^nia. He is a graduate of the law department of 
Washington and Lee University. Mr. Poindexter is a Methodist, and is 
head of the firm of Poindexter, Hopwood & Poindexter, in Roanoke, 
Va., with his brother and brother-in-law. He has been quite successful. 
Rev. John Pnlkerson Hnghet. 

John Fulkerson Hughes, son of Williamson Hughes and his wife, 
Alice Carr, was bom in Stokes county, N. C. 

He was an influential minister in the M. E. Church, South, and 
filled many posts of honor. He was a man of polished manner. His 
children were: Mrs. Pink Hine, Mrs. Sitas Hine, of Columbia, Tenn., 
later of Birmingham, Ala., Jim Hughes, Ada Hughes, and Mary Anna 

Rev. WHtian Hughes 

William Hughes, son of William Hughes and his wife, Alice Carr, 
was born in Stokes county, North Carolina, and came with his father's 

family to Tennessee to live in 1828. He married Zuluka . 

ntar Mt. Pleasant, Tenn. Soon after his marriage he went to Texas to 
live, settling near Dallas. The town of Dallas grew out and took in o 
good deal of his large farm here. This made him a man of amfrfe wealth. 

After the death of his mother, he came back to Tennessee to look 
after his father ki his old age. He was a minister in the M. E. Church, 
South, and filled many positions of honor. While in Tennessee he had 
charge of the churches in Pulaski, Lebanon and Gallatin. He was a man 
whoeasily won his way to the hearts of his people; and he was a man of 
independent nature. His children were: Eliza Hu^es, married Mr. 
Oliver, Leander Hughes, married Fanny Wilkinson, of Tennessee; 
they moved to Dallas, Texas, where Leander filled an importani 
political office; William Hughes. 

Maria Hngties Doss 

Maria Hughes, daughter of William Hughes and his wife, Alice Carr, 
was born in Stokes county. North Carolina. Some of the ancestors of 
this family have been converts of Whitfield when his eloquence and 
persuasive force swept the Atlantic seaboard. This branch of family 

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ftimialied many mfnisters of the gospel. Maria Hughes married Wm. 
Doss, a minister of the M, E. Church, South. She was a woman of 
itrength and beauty of character. Their children are Rev. Wm. Doss, 
of the Tennessee Conference, who was stationed in Nashville, etc.; Alice 

Vn. MsdiKM Redd HogbM 

Madison Redd Hughes was bom at "Hughesvilk," and Bved to be 
ninety years old. He was the youngest of a large family. The home 
in which he grew to manhood was indeed a happy one, surrounded 
by plenty in ■ most channing social atmosphere. He had good 
educational advantages. 

This family seems to have had a "penchant" for law-making bodies. 
Madison R. Hughes was for some time a member of the Virginia legis- 
lature. In the fell of 1628, he, in company with two of his brothers, Capt. 
John Hughes (1T76-1860) and William Hughes, moved to Tennessee to 
five. This man settled on a large landed estate near EagleviHe. When 
Madison Hughes decided to move to Tennessee, his mother remon- 
strated, telling him that he was her youngest child, and that he should 
live near his mother in her old age. He promised her that as long as 
she lived he would come to visit her in Vir^ia every year. This prom- 
ise he kept to the letter. For fourteen consecutive years he made a 
happy pilgrimage to Virginia each year. This was in the days before 
railroads. His trips weie made on horseback. 

About the time these men came to Tennessee to live, people seemed 
to have the "Western fever." Many people went West. Mr. Stone, a 
kinsman of Madison R. Hughes, went to Missouri from Virginia to 
live. The field is still pointed out on the old Madison Redd Hu^es 
estate, where tents were pitched for his one hundred and fifty negroes 
to occupy during a visit of the Stone family on their way west. Hughes 
was fond of riding horseback. When very old he would mount his 
horse and ride fo Nashville or FrankUn. He was three times married. 
By his first wife he had one daughter, who married a Mr. Jordan. Their 
children were Rev. John Jordan; Tom, who died young; Etiza Jordan, 
who married a Mr. Bostick. 

The second wife of M. R. Hughes was Martha Matthews. Children 
by this marriage were: Dr. William Hughes, who was born Feb. 25, 
1825, and died Jan. 29, 1891. He was educated at Chapel Hill, N. C, 
and took his degree of medicine at Transylvania University, Lexington, 
Kentucky, He married Mary Jane Henning, who died Jan. 30, 1891. 
Husband and wife were buried in the same grave. The wife was first 
taken sick, and when it was found that she could not live, the devoted 
husband seemed to lose a hold on life, and died one day before his wife 

The children of Dr. William luid Mary Jane Hughes were: 

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a. Madison Redd Hughes; married Susan F. Bright, daughter ef 
Wm. Brigjit and his wife, Elizabeth DeMoville. 

b. Josephine; married Robert Ogilvie; no living children. 

c. Same B.; married E. H. Murray. 

d. Alice BeU; married W. I. Bright. 

e. Pattie; manied Burns Hetway, Sept. 25, 1878. 
{. Henning; married Hollie Jones, Nov. 25, 1891. 
g. EUa; married Dr. Tulloss; died Sept. 20, 1892. 

h. Kate; married Will TuUoss; Feb. 17, 1891; died April 4, 1893, 

CUIdten of Madison Redd Hnghes and Hb Third WKe, 

Saffle nBsrd, of Virginia 

1. Ann; married Dr. James Williams. Children: 

a. James Madison; married Jennie Hicks, of Nashvilte, Tenn., 
daughter of Alfred Hicks. J. Madison Williams is a well known citizen 
of Davidson county. He was born on his father's plantation near Truine, 
Tenn., in 1849. His father, Dr. J. Williams, was a brother of one of the 
founders of Nashville. "Matt" Williams, as he is familiarly called, entered 
the real estate business ki 1887, and has conducted a large and sucess- 
ful office. He is now (1912) senior member of the well known concern, 
Williams & Hayes Company. He is a public-spirited, man. Mr. 
Williams is one of the originators of the National Real Estate Associa- 
tion. His interest in public welfare is handed down to his children. 
His daughter, of Chicago, when the United States entered the World 
war, offered to her country her farm, including house, etc., for service. 

b. Sallie; married Rev. P. A, McFerrin of the well-known family 
of this name in Tennessee, a gifted man. Their children are: Matt 
McFerrin and Annie Porter McFerrin Fulton (Mrs. Overton Fulton). 
They have one child, McFerrin Fulton. 

c. Ella Williams; married Leonldas Bell. 

d. Robert Williams; died young. 

2. Arch; was bom May 20, 1833; died Aug. 27, 1891; married 
Jemima Scales, daughter of Elsworth Scales, of Triune; Tenn. Their 
children were: 

a. Elsworth; married Orgay Fleming, 

b. David. 

c. Matt Ditlard; died unmarried. 

d. iHargaret; married a Mr. Johnson and moved to Loui^ana. 

e. Bowen. 

3. Mattie Hughes; married Robert Work. 
Children of Robert Work and his wife, Mattie Hughes: 

a. Hughes, who married , is a sucessful business 



Sallie; married Robert Ogilvie. 

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4. Sallie Hughes, daughter of Madison Red Hughes and his wife. 
Sallie Diltard, married Thomas Rone. 
5. Paltie Hughes; married Wilis Wilhoit. Their chtldren are: 

a. Luella. 

b. Sallie. 

c. Mattie. 

d. Wilis. 

e. Young, who after his marriage to Rena Douglas, moved to 

6. Ella Hughes, daughter of Madison Redd Hughes and his wife, 
Sallie Dillard, married Beverly McKinney, of Nashville. Their children 

a. Rena, married 0. A. Puryear. 

b. _ Beverly, married Emma Beard, of Lebanon, Tenn. (Emma 
Beard was the daughter of Judge Beard, of Lebanun, and a niece of 
Judge W. D. Beard; chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Tennessee). 

c. SalUe; died unmarried. 

7. Virginia Hughes; married Frank Ogllvie. Their children were: 

a. Sallie; married a Mr. McQuitty. 

b. Annie; married W. H. 0{^tvie. 

c. Ida; married Robert Lee. 

d. James; married Martha Bogle. 

e. Hughes; married Alice Hailey. 

8. Lou Hughes; died young. 

9 George Dillard Hughes, son of Madison Redd Hughes and his 
wife, Sallie Dillard, married Mary McKinney, a daughter of Beverly 
McKinney, Sr., of Nashville; Tennessee. The McKinney family date back 
their ancestry to the early Virginia colonist. The McKinney home was 
a surburban home of Nashville. The house was commodious and 
stood in a magnificent grove of trees. 

George Dillard Hughes was educated at the University of North 
Carolina. He also attended Randolph-Ma:on College in Virginia. He 
was an educator; and was for many years principal of the Hughes 
and Mimms school for boys at Nashville, Tenn. Before his death he 
was president of a large school in Greenville, Ala. His children are: 

a. Lou; manied Preston Barnes, and lived in Louisiana. 

b. Randolf. 

c. Georgia. 

d. Ella. 

e. Carrol. 

f. Mary, married Mr. Sharp. 

Salle DUard Hi^bes 
(The third wife of Madison Redd Hughes) 
Sallie IKUard Hughes was a daughter of George Dillard, who was 
born IP that part of Pittsyvania county, Va., which in 1776; was cut off 

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from Pittsylvania and called Henry county. George DiJIard was an uncle 
of General John Dlllard, whose wife was Matilda. He was a brother of 
Capt. Thos. Dillard of the Continenttnal line of of the nttsylvania county 
Regulars. On pages 255-257 of the American Monthly Magazine, oi the 
D. A. R., for June, 1912, where quotation is made from the onginal 
county records, we learn something of the services of these Dillard 
brotheis in the Revolution (see also in this book "Matild^ Hughes Dil- 
lard"), George served in his brother's {Capt. Thomas Dillard) com- 

IX. Ftdkerwn. 

Jeancy Hughes, daughter of OHonel Archelaus Hughes, of the Revo- 
lution, and his wife, Mary Dalton, was bom at the old home, "Hughes- 
viHe," in Patrick county, Vir^nia. She is said to have Iwen a most 
charming and popular giri. She was engaged to be married to John 
Fulkerson but her family opposed this marriage because he was poor, 
favoring Mr. Lacey. So ^le broke off her engagement wiQi Fulkerson. 
She and her brolher, Capt John Hughes, were visiting relatives near 
Abtnngdon, Va., when John Fulkerson came to see Jeancy. The brother, 
seeing them together, read the heart of his sister and said to Jeancy 
privately, "Jeancy," if you love John Fulkerson, go on and many him." 
The marriage of Jeancy Hughes and John Fulkerson was a most happy 
one. He became a favorite in the family. Captain John Hughes named one 
of his daughters, the mother of the writer (Lucy Henderson Horton), 
Rachel Jane. The "Jane" was for this much-loved sister. 

Col. John Fulkerson and his wife, Jeancy Hu^es, went out into the 
wilderness to live a long, happy, and useful life. They lived in Lee 
county, Va. Here they reared a large and splendid family. 

(This woman always signed her name "Jeancy". f have some of 
her papers that were in the hands of my grandfather (her brother), show- 
in Uiis. This form of the name "Jeancy" shows a combination of 
French (Huguenot) and Welsh.) 

John Fulkerson in the war of 1812 was lieutenant in the company 
of his brother, Capt. Abram Fulkerson of the 105th Virginia Regiment. 
John Fulkerson's son-in-law. a Mr. NeiU (husband of Mary Dalton Ful- 
kerson), was a private in ttie company of Capt. Graham. This com- 
pany wintered near Norfolk. They took part in ttie battle of Craney 
Island; and were marched to Richmond, where they were mustered out, 
March, 1814. ' 

John Fulkerson was bom in 1T74, and died in 1846. He was the 
son of James Fulkerson, who was bom June 22. 1737; and died Sept. 6; 
1799. James Fulkerson married Jan. 18, 1764. Mary Van Hook, who was 
bom Sept. 19, 1747, and died July 12; 1830. James Fulkerson was 

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captain in Col. Campbell's regiment, and fought at King's Mountain (see 
page 539 in Who's Who in Tennessee — Paul & Douglass). 

ChHdren of James Fulkersoo tnd His WHe, Mary Van Hooh 

Peter; born 1764; died 1847; married Margaret Craig. 

Dinah; born Jan., 1766; died 1769. 

Jacob; born Dec, 1766; killed by Indians. 

Hannah; bom 1769; died 1844; married Sharp. 

James; born 1771. 

John; born 1774; died 1846; married Jeancy Hughes. 

Isaac; born 1776; married Steel. 

Frederick; bom 1779; died 1841; married Bradley. 

Caty; bom 1783; died 1840; married Hanby. 

Thomas; born 1786; married Bradley. 

Abram; bom 1789; married Margaret Vance. 

This last. Captain Abram Fulkerson, married Margaret Vance on 
Nov, 21, 1815. A son of his, James L. Fulkerson, married Alice Arm- 
strong. Alice (Armstrong) Fulkerson, when a widow, married Major 
F. S. Heiskell, of Knox county, Tennessee, in 1853. Margaret Vance 
Fulkerson, daughter of James Fulkerson and his wik, Alice Armstrong, 
married B. W. Toate; and their daughter, Nellie Toole, married A. G. 
Story. Albert Junius Toole, of this same family, married Hattie Horlon, 
of Franklin, Tenn. 

James Fulkerson (1737-1799) was a Major in the Revolutionary 
war from Washington county, Va. He was also an eariy justice and 
public benefactor. His wife, Mary Van Hook, was of a noted family 
of Long I^and Patroons, as was he (see records of old Lennent church, 
New Jersey). 

In a list of oi the personal property, or inventory of the estate of 
the progenitor. Judge Lawrence Van Hook, 1720, is "One copy of Dal- 
ton's County Justices," and we wonder if this might not have been 
compiled by Samuel Dalton (1699-1802). 

The granddaughter of this Judge Van Hook married James Fulker- 
son in Virginia. From this branch of the Fulkersons are descended the 
noted families of which General Frelinghuyson and Henry Van Dyke are 

Dr. James Fulkerson was a nephew of Col. John Fulkerson. Dr. 
James Fulkerson married Fannie Patterson, sister of General Patterson, 
of the Union army. She, however, was an uncompromising Southerner. 
One of their sons, Peter Graham Fulkerson, was a Confederate soldier. 
This is one illustration of how families in the border states were divided 
during the war between the stales. Peter Graham Fulkerson's first 
wife was Emma V. Glenn. He became Attorney-General of Tennessee 
a few years after the close of the Civil war. One of his daughters mar- 
ried Judge Hughes, of Tazewell, Te»in. Margaret Fulkerson, sister of Dr. 
James Fulkerson, married James Patterson, brother General Patterson, 
of the Northem army. James Patterson was graduated at West Point. 

TTieyliaa one son, ■Robert, a lawyer-preacher; address, Cumbeiland Gap, 
A member of this connection is Miss Lucy Patterson, who has been 
prominently urged !or President-General D, A. R, 

CUUtm «f Col John Fidkenon ind Ms vSt, }eancy nogtao. 

1. Sarah Ann; oiarried WiQiam Smitt Cwing, ol Virginia and 
Tennessee. . 

2. Marflia; married John Kansom, of Tennessee. Sie died in St 
Joseph, Missouri. 

3. Margaret; married Benjamin Jordan Woodson, ol Kentucky; 
<lied in St. Joseph, Missonri. 

4. Mary Dalton; married Stephen T.NeilL Mre. Annie Neffl Tod- 
Jiunter is their daughter. 

5. John Jr.; married Henrietta £wing, cousin of Dr. Joshua Ewing 
and Rev. Finis Ewing. 

& Cafberine; married Dr. Joshua Ewing. Judge Joshua Cald- 
well, of KnoxviUe, Tenn., was their grandson. 

7. MatOda; married Wm. SheaA, of Virginia. She died in St. 
Joseph Missoun. 

We are sorry that we cannot give lull genealogy of this Fulkcrsoa 
'branch of the Hughes family. Members of this family drifted to Mis* 
souri. Joshua A. Graham, attorney-at-law of St Joseph, Missouri, is 
A son ot Jane Hughes Ewing, who was a daughter of William Smith 
Evring and his wife, Sarah Ann Fulkerscm, daughter of John Fulkersoii 
and his wife. Jeancy Huf^es, a daughter of Colonel Archelaus Hughes. 
This makes descendar.ts in this line eligible to membership in Sons and 
Daufifhters of the American Rp\nlution. They might also enter these 
orders through Major James Fulkerson {see page 539 of Who's Who in 
Tennessee — Paul & Douglass Company). Their eligibility to colonial 
societies comes through Mary Van Hook and her husband, Major James 
Fulkeisoa They both sprung from noted families of Long Island Pal- 
roons (see records ol old Lennent church, New Jersey). 

Mr. Joshua A. Giaham married Sarah Yeatmafl, of Nashville, Tenn., 
in 1906. She is a grand niece of Col. H. C. Yeatman, of Maury county. 
Tenn. His wife's mother was Margaret Webster. The Yeatman and 
Webster are two of Tennessee's most noted families. 

The Graham branch of the Hughes family has a most interesting 
history. They trace back to the Grahams of Sir Waiter Scott's Etien 
Graham. In a letter written to me July 14. 191), by Mrs. Annie N»ll 
Todhunter, I am totd that "they still own part of Ott old estate in 
Scotland and visit there." 

Col. John Fulkerson and his wife, Jeancy Hughes, lived as we have 
«aid, in Lee county, Virginia. This county borders on east Tennessee. 
Some of thar descendants live in that part of Tennessee. Judge Joshua 

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Caldwell, gramUon of Catherine Fulkeraon and her husband, Dr. Joshua 
Ewjng, lived in Knoxville, Tennessee. Beautiful Ellen Graham, his 
cousin, was reared near RogersviUe, Tenn. She had a most romantic 
history. Although she was an ardent Southern sympathizer, she mar- 
ried a Northern man. It came about in this way: Ellen Graham was 
banished from flie South twcause she slipped a Hie, hidden in an inno- 
cent loaf of bread, to Confederate prisoners. This file was used as a 
means of reaching freedom. On leaving Tennessee, ^he went to Penn- 
sylvania to make her home with relatives by name of Patterson. While 
here ki the home of General Patterson, her kinsman, she I'let and mar- 
red Thomas R. Patton, a Northern man of vast wealth. She died after 
one short year, and the Masonic Temple in Philadelphia is a m>^nument 
erected to her memory by her devoted husband. 

Judge Joshua Caldwell, of Knoxville, Tenn., was a grjndson of 
Catherine Fulkerson and her husband. Dr. Joshua Ewing. Dr. Ewing 
was a dobble cousin of General P. G. Fulkerson (see page 539, Who's 
Who in Tennessee). Judge Caldwell entered the order of Sons ol the 
American Revolution through the services of his ancestor, Col. Archelaus 
Hughes, of Virginia. In this organization he filled offices of honor. He, 
on patriotic occasions, was called to New York and Washington to make 
public addresses. This he did in most felicitous style. 

He was bom in Athens, but was reared and educated in Knoxville, 
Tennessee. He was trustee of University of Tennessee, of the TAi- 
nessee Deaf and Dumb school, and of the t^awson McGhee library. For 
eight years he was city attorney, and the last years of his life he was 
referee in bankruptcy. Judge Caldwell was one of most prominent at- 
torneys in the state, and at the time Mr. Eward W. Carmack ran for 
the linited State Senate, the friends of Judge Caldwell wanted to place 
him in the race. But his eyesight was failing him and he declined. He 
was the author of the "Constitutional History of Tertnessee," and of the 
"Bench and Bar of Tennessee." The second edition of the former 
came out in 1907. In this he illustrates the rise of modern democracy. 
He shows how the government of the Watauf^a Association, the little 
backwoods settlement in which Anglo-Saxon political principles had for 
the first time full scope, where the government derived its power from 
the unanimous consent of the governed, every freeman having ^gned 
(he compact, created a true democracy. He brings in the history of 
the Cumberland and Franklin settlements, and the compacts under which 
they were governed. He tells us of the tradition that General Andrew 
Jackson suggested our state flame, Tennessee. His treatments of Se- 
cesffion and Reconstntction are perhaps the most comprehensive ac- 
count yet written of the singular and pathetic position in which Ten- 
nessee found herself m I860. 

Judge Caldwell died at Knoxville, Tennessee. Jan. 18, 1909, aged 
fifty-three years, after an illness of one week. All courts adjourned 
here out of respect of his memory. He left one brother, John D. Cald- 
well, one sister, two daughters and one son. 

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Children of Stqihen Thomas NelD and His Wife, Maiy Datton Fuiliefsoa 



Arthur Leander; died in Arizona. 

Henry; married Sallte Elliot. 


Mrs. Annie Neill Todhunter of LexMigton, Missouri, is a daughtei 
of Henry Neill and his wife, Sallie Elliot. Henry Neill was a son of 
Stephen Thompson Neill and his wife, Mary Dalton Fulkerson. Mary 
D. Fulkeison was a daughter of John Fulkerson and his wife, Jeancy 

Stephen Thompson Neil] was a son of Major William Neill, of the 
Revolutionary war, from Virginia, and his wife, Bathsheba Harrison. 
Bathsheha Harrison was a daughter of Robert Harrison and his wife, 
Bathsheba Bryan. The latter was a member of the Benjamm Harrison 

Stephen Thompson Neill was born in Lee county, Va., April 9, 1795. 
When eighteen years old he enlisted in the war of 1812. He entered as 
a private in Lieut. James Oraham's company of infantry, 94th regiment 
of Vir^nia militia. Later he was transferred to Capt. Francis Moore's 
company of riflemen, the 5th Regulars of Virginia militia. He took pan 
ill the Battle of Craney Island, and for some months was in a camp to 
the rear of Fort Norfolk, hi memory of the soldiers who fought and 
died in the Battle of Craney Island, a monument is to be erected by the 
Dorothy Payne Madison Chapter of Richmond, Virginia. Stephen T. 
Neill and a chum walked from Richmond to Lee county after they were 
discharged from the army. 

He was married to Mar>' Dalton Fulkerson in Lee county, Virginia, 
Sept. 3, 1821. She was a daughter of John Fulkerson, who entered the 
war of 1812 as lieutenant in his brother's (Capt. Abram Fulkerson) com- 
pany, the 105th regiment of Virginia militia from Washington county. In 
1829, Stephen Neill, with his wife and six children and their slaves, 
moved to Missouri. They went by the "Wilderness Trail" to St. Louis, 
and thence by boat to Lexington. He was B Mason. He and his wife 
became members of old Tabo Presbyterian church. He was a Whig. 
Stephen Neill was in Vir^nia legislature I82U22-23-25-26; and served 
in the Missouri legislature of 1844 and 1854. He was a man of genial 
humor. His home was noted for its hospitality. Among his descendants 
are: Judge Stephen Neill Wilson, Mrs. Ryland Todhunter. Dr. Stephen 
T. Neill, Lee Fry Wibon and Mrs, Lee Hawkins (see the Lexington 
(Missouri) News of Nov. 6, 1919). 

Mrs. Catherine Dalton Neill Wilson, eldest sister of Mrs. Todhunter's 
father, Henry Neill, was reared in Lee county, Va., and died in Lexing- 
ton, Missouri, in 1904. She loved to recount to the younger members 
of her family her knowledge of the Virginia and North Carolina 
branches of the family. She would sometimes dwell on her visits 
in the home of her kinswoman, Letty Winston, wife of Oen. Joseph 

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Winston, of North Carolina. Gen. Jo&epb Winston fnfterfted (Re home 
*«f his father. Major Joseph Winston, oi King^ Mountain fame. This 
we have already proved by hia latlier's wiU, given under bead o£ 
"WinstoK" in this book. We have already proved this also by an old 
autographed letter, in the hands of the writer, written fnnn the home 
of Lefty Wmston by her mother, Nancy (Martin) Hughes. 

Mrs. Wilson would tell of tfie bill length potrait of Major Joseph 
Winston in epeleltes and full uniform, whicb bung in the Winston 
fionve of North Carolina. This portrait was carried by the family 
of General Joseph Winston to Missouri, and in the home here of Generaf 
Joseph Winlson - the portrait of his fother hung above a table orr 
which were frfaced two swords crossed. One of these swords was 
gjven to Major Joseph WTnaton by the Legislature of North Carolina. 
By the swords on the table were placed a pair of gauntlets witfr 
gold fringe, worn by him during the Revolutionary war. This portrait 
later became the property of his descendant, Mrs. Frederick Flower, of 
New York. 

Mrs. Annie (Neill) Todhunter was reared by tfiis aunt, Mrs. Cather- 
ine Wilson. She says in a letter wrftten April 27, IfflO: "Affer my 
grand^ther removed from Virginia to this county some of the Winstons 
and Frosts, who married into the Hughes families, also removed froiu 
Ncrth Carolina, and located in Platte county, Missouri, about one hun- 
dred miles from my grandfether. Dr. Charles Macey married a daughter 
of Letty Hughes Winston in (848 in Platte county. She died soon after, 
and Dr. Macey maried Jeancy (Hughes) Neilt, a cousin of his first wife, 
and my father's sister. Dr. Macey died within fifteen months of this 
marriage and his wife returned to her father's home with a son two 
months old, Charles Winston Macey. Later his wife married Mr. 
Samuel Wilson, of Lexingfon, Missouri, a man of high standfng and 
of vast wealth before the war. Charies W, Macey was sent to colleEe 
in Kentucky to induce him to give up joining the Confederate army. He 
was the only child of my aunt, and she and his stepfather adored him. 
But he and half the school joined the army; and this fine felloW was 
killed at PerryviHe. 1 was reared by his mother, who, as stated, was my 
father's sister. She died six years since and her portrait resembles that 
of Mary Dalton Hughes (1748-1842)." 

Besides the Fulkersons, Grahams, Caldwelts, Pattersons and tvw- 
ings, already mentioned. Mrs. To<Mionter is related to the Vance and the 
Houston famth'es of North Carolina. Col. Rvland Todhunter, her hus- 
hftnd, is related to the Wathins, the Polk, the Barnett and the Mines fam- 
ilies of Tennessee. 

Mrs. Todhunter is an enthusiastic Daughter of the American Ri;\'- 
olution. She has served as Rea^nl of the Lafave Id- -Lexington Chapter 
in Lexington, Missouri. When the patriotic organization was interested 
in having a State hiehway, she spoke to this end hniore the Oovernor 
and an immense audience. 

Col. Rvland Todhunter at the Battle of Franklin acted as Adjutant- 
General of Ector's Texas brigade. He was wounded af the Baffle of 

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Nashville, and here he bad two horses killed under him. Col. Todliuntei 
was born in Lexington, Kentucky. He moved to Lexington, Missouri, 
in 1870. He is a grandson of Jacob Todhunter, who served in the Revo- 
lutionary war from 78 to '83. Cd. Ryland Todhunter entered the Con- 
fcdierate army in 1862 at Lexington, Kentucky, as aide to Oen. T. J. 
Churchill, commanding a division of Gen. Kirby Smith's army. After 
the Battle of Murfreesboro, Tenn., Jan. 16, 1^63, he was commissioned 
by Pre»dent Jefferson Davis as Captain and Assistant Adjutant-General, 
being assigned to Ector's Texas brigade. He served in that capacity 
and in that brigade in all its battles and skirmishes until April 20, 1865. 
He was then at Meridian, Miss., and was appointed by Lieut. General 
R Taylor, commanding d^Mrtment -of Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi 
and eastern Louiaana, Colonel of the first and only regiment of super- 
numerary offjcers of the Confederate states. He served in many battles: 
Richmond, Ky., Perryville, Murfreesboro; Jacksonville; Chickamauga; 
he fought against Sherman from Dalton to Atianta. On retreat his 
brigade was ordered to Mobile, Ala. During the war he was wounded 
five times, and five horses were shot under him. 

He has always been interested in thoroughbred horses. "Star 
Wjikes," one of his horses, *old for. $10,000; another; "Idol," sold for 
$10,000 also; "Lady Thorn," $5,000. "Ashland Chief," S2;900; etc. His 
only son, Neill Todhunter, is a cotton planter in Oklahoma, and a breed- 
er of Hereford cattle and trotting horses of finest stock. One of his 
horses, "Allie Brook," is now winning on the Grand Circuit (1919) (see 
The Lexington (Mo.) News for Nov. 6, 1919). 

The family has taken much interest in reunions of Confederate 
veterans, and in conventions of the Daughters of the Confederacy. 
During the reunion of Confederate veterans in '1911, the guests in the 
Todhunter home were: Judge WoodsoB, of Liberty, Missouri, and Hon. 
Richard Gentry, of Kansas, both distant cousins of Mrs. Todhunter 
through her father; Mrs. Allen Partec, of Kansas City, who had been 
her daughter's chaperon at the Little Rock reunion; and Dr. S. A. 
Cunningham, editor of the Confederate Veteran. 

Chffldren of Oefteral Rylaod Todhunter uid His Wfe, Annie Nell 



(^therine Ryland. 

Emory Parkes. 

The two younger girls are graduates of Randolph-Macon Woman's 
College in Virginia. Elliot is a reader of note. She acquired her tech- 
nical training under the personal instruction of Leland T. Powers, in- 
terpreter of plays, at the Leland Powers School, Boston. She has been 
accorded every honor at the hands of Confederate veterans, from spon- 
sor of her State to maid of honor tor the South. 

Gen. Bennet Henderson Young of Louisville, Ky., Commander of 
Confederate veterans, a life-long friend of Col. Todhunter, appointed 
his daughters to posts of honor at Confederate reunions. These two 

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men were school-mates al Transylvania University. Many honors have- 
come to this tanuly from other sources, Cathe/ine graduated from the 
Conservatory of Music in Atlanta. Emory is a violinist. These three 
sisters, when in Atlanta, ran down to Florida for the Christmas holidays. 
Here they met Wm. Dean Howells and his daughter at a hotel. The Mon- 
son, in St. Augustine. He seemed much interested in these girls, and, 
to entertain him, they gave a concert. He was so pleased with Dllot's 
reading that he arranged one of his one-act plays for her. While in 
Atlanta, for it was the winter of 1917, they frequently gave concerts fur 
OUT soldier boys at Camp Gordon. Indeed, they (Kd their part 
toward helping win the war by helping to keep up the morale of our 
men. They gave programs of violin, voice, and reading in camps and 
cantonments of Southeastern and Central war departments. They had 
been notified that they would go overseas and were expecting to sail 
when the armistice was signed. Even after the signing of the armistice 
they did much work rn camps. Just before Christmas, 19)8, they spent 
a week at Camp Funston, on call from the Y. M. C. A., giving seventeen 
concerts; and in Feb., 1919, they were notified to come again to Camp 
Funston for a week of concerts, and to Ft. Leavenworth for three days. 
Elliot has one hundred and sixty boys in her classes of public speaking 
at the Wentworth Military Academy. Emory teaches violin at both W. M. 
A. and Central College. 

When Elliot Todhunter at one time gave a program from Days of 
the Old South, Polk Miller, author and impersonator, said: "I enjoyed 
your stories very much. The naturalness with which you did your work, 
and the good negro dialect combined to make your characters most 
charming. You didn't over do it, as so many do, and J know of no one 
who is your equal in that line, for your imperscwiatiMis are inimitable nnd 
their delicate humor bewitching." 

We will quote from the Atlanta journal; "An appreciative audienct 
assembled in the palm room of the Georgian Terrace on Tue«da> 
evening to hear Miss Elliot Todhunter, of Lexington, Missouri, offirtaT 
drama reader for the Daughters of the American Revolution, at the 
Drama League. Miss Todhunter chose 'L'Aiglon, Rostand's famous 
drama, and her interpretation of the play was so finished, so perfect, so 
sympathetic, as to charm all who heard her." 

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Datton Coat ta Ann 

Arms-Az., a semee ol cross-crose-crosslets, or, a lion rampant; arg^ 
a cliief bary ne bulee of three of the last and sa; crest, a dragon's head 
with wings displayed vert., the out»4e of the wings or, garged with a 
cellar, nebuJee of the last. 

Motto: "The character of the just shall stand." 

Authorities on Dalton: Vols. I and II, Ancestral I^ecords and Por- 
Iraits, which contain the pedigree uf persons composing the first chapter 
of Colonial Dames in America (John Daltoti's record is taken from one of 
these boolts); the works of A. G. Saiiey, Jr., Secretary of Historical 
Commission of South Carolina (Columbia, S. C), whose works com- 
prise many volumes under head of South Carolina Historical Col- 
lection. There are numerous pages in several volumes under heads 
of Land Grants; Letters of John Dalton; Warrants for Land, etc., re- 
ferring to Dalton family; Dr. Robert Hunter Dalton's record filed In 
the library of the Missouri Historical Society at St. Louis; Meade's 
Old Families and Churches of Virginia; Burke's Landed Gentry; Burke's 
Peerage; Original Fairfax County, Va., Records; old family papers in 
the hands of the writer; Daughters of the American Revolution Maga- 
zine for October, 1916, pages 239-245. 

We refer people interested in tracing ancestry ot American families 
t(i a collection of ninety folio volumes of more than four hundred pages 
each, compiled by Col. Joseph Lemuel Chester. These volumes are 
extracts from parish registers. The English were so grateful to Col. 
Chester for his geneologtcal work in compiling; "The Marriage. Bapti):- 
mal and Burial Registers of the Collegiate Church, or Abbey of St. 
Peter. Westminster" that they made Col. Chester one of the tour Amer- 
icans to whom they have placed memorials in Westminster Abbey. 

The name Dalton in the days ot William the Conqueror was written 
D'AIton. Yorkshire fell to the lot of Count D'Alton, one of the hench- 
men of William the Conqueror. From Count D'AIton the American fam- 
ily of Dalton descends (see Dr. Robert Hunter Dalton's family record 
filed in the library of the Missouri Historical Society in St. Louis). 

Records ot the Dalton family Bible, formerly belonging to Catherine 
Dalton, daughter of Capf. John Dalton and his wife, lemima Shaw, 
ot Alexandria. Vi'ginia: and wife of Wm. Bird. This Bible was desfroy- 
en during the Civil war. It carried the pedigree back to a younger 
branch of the family of which Sir John Dalton was the head, and wan 
long established in England. 

Investi|;ations bv Hon. William L. Yancey (grandson of Catherine 
Dalton and her husband. William Bird), who was familiar with the 
Dalton Bible; and later research by others of the family, substantially 

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ratify these Bible records, and show that John Dalton and Wm. Dalton, 
first of the name in Virginia, were of the younger branch of the Daltoi) 
family of York county, England; and that the elder line had become ex- 
tinct during the life of John Dalton, the colonist. 

The head of the Daltons in Hanxwell county, York, was Colonel 
John Dalton, fifth m descent from John DaltOn who was settled in 
Kingston-upon~Hu1l in 1458; and was a son of Sir William, who was 
Knighted at Whitehall April 28, 1629 (see Burke's Landed Gentry). 
Sir William Dalton died in 1649, and was buried in York Minster. CtA. 
foha Dalton married Hon. Dorothy, daughter of Sir Conyers Darc> 
under whom Dalton was Lieutenant Colonel. He Was wounded July 5, 
lf)43, while conducting Queen Henrietta Maria from Birdlington to 
Oxford. Hediedof his wound in July, 1644, and is buried at York Minstec 
The elder line of his descendants became extinct in 1792 upon 'he deatn 
of Francis, his great-grandson, and the title reverted to <me of the 
younger sons of Col. John Dalton. 

We throw in, by way of pannthesis, the statement that in 1844 
John Dalton of this house married a young daughter of Sir Charies 
Dodsworth (see Burke's Landed Qentry). 

The colonists, John and William Dahon, brothers, came to .\merica 
between 1689 and 1690, settling first in Gloucester county, Va. Some 
of this family later settled in Westmoreland county Va., before 1722, 
and still later we find that they shared the restless spirit of the day, 
some of them settling in the vicinity of Goochland county, Virginia. A 
kinsman of these two men, niilemon Dalton by name, had come to 
America in 1635 and settled in New England at Dedham. 

We have some record of Tristram Dalton, a descendant of Phile- 
mon Dalton, who came to Dedham in 1635. Philemon Dalton had four 
or &ve children, John, William, Michail, Margaret; etc. Tristam Dalton, 
son of Michail Dalton and his wife, Mary Little Dalton, was bom at 
Newbury, Mass., May 28, 1738. He graduated in the class at Harvard 
with John Adams.. He studied law in Salem; and revised the public 
school system in Newbury. In 1774 he was delegate to the Provincial 
Congress; in 1776 was elected Representative of the court. He sup- 
ported Continental Government In Revolutionary war. In 1815 he was 
surveyor of the Port of Boston. He married in 1758 Riith Hooper, 
daughter of a rich merchant of Marblehead. They had five children. 
He died at Boston, Majj 30, 1817, He had had the honor of being on 
the committee to receive George Washington when he was first induct- 
ed into office as President of the United States. A son of this man. 
who bore his father's name, Tristram Dalton, was induced by George 
Washington to invest in property about what is now Washington Qt}'. 
This did not prove for him a successful financial venture, Tristram 
Dalton was chosen vestryman of Fairfax Church, Pairfox Parish. Fair- 
fax county, in 1789 (see page 268, Vol. I, Meade's Old Families and 
Churches of Virginia). 

Old family papers prove that Samuel Dalton (t699-im)2> of Mavo 
river, Rockingham county. North Carolina, and John Dalton (1722- 

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Xmx of flic Brm of Carlyle and Dalton in Alexandria, Va,, were broth* 
«rs. They were children of WUllam Dalton, the colonist, who came 
first to Glouchester county, Virginia. Another son of Wm. Dalton was 
]Robert Dalton; and -a daughter of i^obert was Agatha Dalton, who 
married James Mitchell, Nov. 25, 1768 (see Wm. and Mary Quarter^ 
Vol VI, page 56; also Vol. IX, page 136), 

Captala John DaUon 0722-1777) 

JofaA Dalton was the youngest child of William Dalton, ol Glouchestef 
'County, Va., who died sometime betore 1733. John Dalton's oldes* 
brother was Samuel Dalton (1699-1802), of Rockingham county. North 
Carolina (see Dr. Robert 44unter Dalton's Manuscript). 

John Dalton was a member of the firm of Cadyle and Dalton. They 
did an extensive business, and both built homes which stiU stand, land* 
marks in old Alexandria, Va. (1917). John (2arlyle's house is what is 
410W familiarly known to us as the Braddock House. joh« Dalton's 
home stands a few steps from the Carlyle home. These two houses 
weVe among the most imposing residences in cotonial Virginia. The 
Dallon-Herbert home is four stories high, as is also the Carlyle house. 
The Dalton-Herbert home is so called because the house was inherited 
by John Dalton's daughter, Jemiie, who married William Hertwrt. We 
will say in passing that they were parents of >lobtet Herbert, whose 
two children are buried at Mt. Vernon. This old Dalton-Herbert homi; 
if. now (1917) known as the "Aniie Lee Memorial Home for the Aged." 
It is a memorial to the mother of General Robert E. Lee. Jennie Dalton 
was married to Wm. Herbert some time between 1760 and 1790. The 
Dalton-Herbert home is commodious. The building is now t19l7) in 
colonial yellow with white trimmings and when all improvements are 
■completed, it will accommodate twenty to twenty-five inmates. 

About 1909 the "women of Alexandria, moved bv a de^re to com- 
memorate the virtues of the mother of our beloved Gen. Robert E. Lee, 
formed an association — The Anne Lee Memorial Association.'" It's 
president was Mrs. L. Wilbur Reid. later president of the Seventeenth 
Virginia Regiment Chapter U. D. C. To-day (1917) on the ground 
floor of this house is a beautihilly furnished reception room, the gift 
of the Seventeenth CHiapter. In this house General Robert E, Lee's 
mother was bom. It was in Alexandria in the yard of Old Christ Church, 
of which he was at that time a member and vestryman, that Gen. Lee 
announced his determination to cast his lot with his native state in the 
pen<fing conflict, stating his purpose to leave the next day to join the 
army of the Confederacy. 

Hon. Wttliam L. Yancey wn* a grandson of Catherine (Dalton) 
Bird; and we will say in passini; that Mrs. Susan Letitia Rice Oot- 
worthy, of Hillman. Georgia, historian of family, who was a lineal de* 
scendant of Samuel Dalton. of Rockingham county. North Carolina, 
knew intimately the family of her kinsman. Hon. William L. Yancey. 

lohn Dalton. of Alexandria. Virginia, was bom in 1722 and died in 
1777. He was one of tiie founders of the town of Belhaven. He was 

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so DALTOti 

a vestryman of Old Christ Church, serving with George Washington, 
John Shaw, and John Carlyle. The latter was his partner in business 
(siK page 4, Daughters of the American Revolution Magazine for Jan- 
uary, 1917). 

John Dalton was a member of the Fairfax County Committee of 
Safety, I774-I775, when George Washington was chairman of this 
committe (see page 239, D. A. R. Magazine for October, 1916, in which 
county records are copied). On page 240 of the same magazine 
it can be seen that the Fairfax County Committe of Correspondence in 
November, I77S, consisted of George Mason, John Dalton, Ramsay, 
Kirk, and Cariyle. To this committe John Muir was added. 

John Dalton was one of the founders uf Alexandria in 1749 (see 
page 242 of magazine above quoted) as was also Cariyle. The wife 
of John Cariyle was Sarah Fairfax, daughter of William Fairfax, who 
was grandson of Lord Culpeper (see page 5, D. A. R. Magazine for Jan- 
uary, 1917), and who was closely related to Lord Fairfax. John Cariyle 
built the Cariyle residence (Braddock House). He also completed Christ 
Church when the contractor defaulted. Among his descendants is Mr?. 
Burton Harrison, whose delightu) Belhaven Tales give so true a picture 
of Alexandria life during the first half of the nineteenth century. In 1774 
the city Alexandria was the most important port in northern Virginia. 

John Dalton was chosen vestryman along with George Washington 
on March 28, 1765. In Meade's Old Families and Churches of Virginia, 
page 270, where copy is made from Sparks' Life of Washington, we find 
Fairfax vestry, chosen March 28, 176S. the following, with votes given: 
John West, votes 340; John Alexander, votes 309; William Payne, 
votes 301; John Dalton, votes 281; George Washington, votes 274, etc. 

After John Dalton's death in 1777. John Cariyle was the guardian of 
ftis two daughters (see Shaughter's Truro Parish). These tAvo daughters, 
Catherine and Jennie Dalton, made their home, after their father's death, 
with their guardian, John Cariyle. 

The public now (1917) have access to John Cariyle's old home as 
an antique shop and teahouse. Here one may drop in for a cup of tea 
and a chance to think over the changes these old walls have seen since 
the days of 1755, when Braddock and the council of governors met here 
to plan the campaign which was to carry his Majesty's arms to Fort 
Duquesne. tt was this house that, on invitation of the owner. Major 
John Cariyle, Commissary of the Virginia Militia, Gen. Edward Braddoch 
made his headquarters preceding his disastrous campaign. Here Brad- 
dock met the five Governors in council. This meeting lasted for three 
days, April 14-16. 1755, and one can imagine the brilliancy of the gath- 
ering that seated themselves around the council room, or gathered at 
dinner around the mahogany table. The hostess, a typical Colonial 
Dame of high degree, daughter of a former Chief Justice of the Bahama 
Islands and president of the Council of Virginia, great-granddaughter 
o* a former governor of Virginia, Lord Culpeper, is described by a 
contemporary as "a lady of most amiable character, endowed with 
excellent qualities." The Hon. Augustus Keppel, brother of Lady Car- 

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<dine Kepple, who wrote Robin Adair, and son of the Earie of Albemarle, 
"General and Commander of all and singular our Jroops and Forces, 
Edward Braddock. The staid and troubled Governors, who could not 
raise funds to fight, and could not fight without funds; the gay young 
aides and naval officers, and the galaxy of girls of old Belhaven and 
lower Fairfax county, that must have gathered for social relaxation 
after the strain of the Council was over" (see page 5, Daughters of tiie 
American Revolution Magazine for January, 1917). 

John Dalton, his wife, and two daughters. Jennie and Catherine, 
shared in these festivities. John Dalton's wife died in 17^. 

The old Dalton-Herbert home was purchased by the United Daugh- 
ters of the Confederacy in 1916 as a memorial to the mother of Gen. 
Robert E. Lee. This is, as we have said before, known as the "Anne Memorial Home for the Aged" {see pages 52-53, Confederate Veteran 
for February, 1917). 

For further statement in regard to the Herbert family we refer again 
to Vol. I, Ancestral Records and Portraits. Jennie Dalton, daughter of 
John Dalton and his wife, Jemima Shaw, married William Herbert. 
Two ol their grandchildren were taken suddenly ill while on a viwt to 
Mt. Vernon and died there. Tradition says they died of diphtheria. 
Both were quite young. These two Herbert children were buried at Mt. 
Vernon. Their father was Nohlet Herbert. He married again, in 1819. 
Mary Lee Washington, who died in 1827. She was the fourth child of 
Corbin Washington, the son of John Augustus Washington and Mary 

The only other surviving child of John Dalton and his wife, Jemima 
Shaw, was Catherine Dalton, who married William Bird in 1781, the 
weddin? talcing place at "Cameron," near Alexandria, as stated in the 
family Bible. 


One of the sons ol Wm. and Catherine (Dalton) Bird. James Wilson 
Bird, was born in Alexandria, Va., in 1787. He died in 1868 near Spar- 
tn. Virsinia. James W. Bird married Feb. 1, 1820, Frances Pamela, the 
daughter of John and Pheloclea (Edgeworth) Casey, who was born in 
1789, and died in 1855, then living in Savannah, Georgia. Their son was 
William Edgeworth Bird. He was born July 21, 1825, and died Jan. 11, 
1865. W. E. Bird resided in Hancock county, Georgia. He was Cap- 
fain of Co. E, 15th Georgia Volunteers, C. S. A. He was later Major 
or; the staff of Major-General Benning, and was wounded at the second 
battle of Manassa. He married February 24, 1848, Sarah C. Baxter, 
the daughter of Thomas W. and Mary (Wiley) Baxter, of Athens, Geor- 
gia, who was born March 26, 1828. 


(1) Saida Bird, who married Nov. 16, 1871, Victor Smith (see 
Baxter, Harris. Alexander, Shelby, Wiley, Barnett, and Spratt families), 

(2) Wilson Edgeworth Bird, who married Imogene Reid. 

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Saida Bird Smith and Sally Bird are members of Chapter t Cbft^ 
Rial Dames. 


William L. Yancey (1814-1863) was a grandson ol William Bird 
and his wife, Catherine Daiton. William L. Yancey was a son ot 
Benjamin Cudwortb Yaacey and his wife, Caroline Bird, a daughter of 
Cokmel Wm. Bird of "The Aviary," Warren county, Oa. Cot. Wm. 
Bird wai the son of William Bird and his wife, Catherine Dalton, daugh- 
ter of Jtdin Dalton 1722-1777), of Alexandria Va., and bis wife, Jemima 

Four Welsh bcothtrs named Yancey came to Virginia with Sir 
Wm. Burkley in 1642. A son of one of these, Louis Davis Yancey, 
married into the wealthy Kavanaugh tamily, and tficreby cane into 
possession of a large landed estate in Virginia. 

Wm. L. Yancey descended from James Yancey of the Lewis, 
Davis, Yancey stock, who was a major ia the patriot army of the 
Revolutionary war, and went with Gen. Nathaniel Greene to South 
CaoUna. He married Miss Cudworth of Charleston. His son, Benjamin 
Cudworth Yaticey, married Caroline Bird, a daughter of Col. Wm. Krd 
of "The Aviary," Warren county, Oa. Of this union was bom William 
Lt.wnds Yancey. 

Hon. Wm. L. Yancey was born in t8U. and died in 1863. He 
represented Alabama in the U. S. congress as a democrat from 1844 
to 1847. He was a leader of the extreme party in the South. He pro- 
posed Hie formation of Committees of Safety in the Southern States 
"to fire the Southern heart." He made a tour through the North and 
West durinf! the campaign of 1860, urging the rejection of the repub- 
lican candidate. He was a most brilliant and impassioned orator. Hon. 
W. L. Yattcey was a Confederate Commissioner to Europe, t861-l862, 
when he became a member of the Confederate senate (see Life of Wm. 
L. Yancey by DuBose). 

Mrs. Susan Letiiia Pice Clotworthy, of Atkin, S. C. and Hillman. 
Ha., hns in her possession many valuable family records. She is con- 
sidered an authority on family history. Added to this, Mrs. Qotworthy 
knew the Yancey family intimately. She says that William L. Yrncey, 
who Rffred so conspicuously in the South at the openinE of the Civil 
war, was a kinsman of Col. Archelaus Hughes of Revolutionary fame. 
There was so much intermarriage in old Virginia families. 

When Wm. L. Yancey was Confederate Commissioner to Europe, 
in 1861, he was authorized by both the Samuel Dalton and John Dalton 
branches of the family to investigate the Dalton estate in Oreat 
Britain, but found that the time limit for inheritance had expired. 

Samuel Datton (1699-1802) 

Samuel Dalton was the oldest child of William Dalton of Clou- 
chester county, Virginia, who died some time before 1733. The young- 

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The cotonist, J(Ah Dalton, and his brother, Wm. Dalton, came to 
America between 1685 and 1690, settling first in Glouchester county, 
Virginia. Some of this family later settled in Westmoreland county 
before 1722, and still later we find that they showed the restless spirit 
of the day and had settled in the vicinity of Goochland county, Va. 
Samuel Dalton was of an enterprising nature, and, after his marriage 
tu Anne Dandridge Redd, he movecT to Orange county, Va., and "lived, 
when a young man, in the vicinity of the elder James Madison, father 
of our President," we are told in manuscript written by Dr. Robert Hun- 
ter Dalton, a great-grandson of Samuel Dalton (1699-1802). Dr. R. H. Dal- 
ton was born at the home of Samuel Dalton (1699-1802) several years 
after the death of his great- grandfather, i will later give Dr. Dalton's manu- 
script in full. Dr. Dalton says that Madison and Dalton were inti- 
mate friends; and that this was proved by the many old letters from flie 
eldeP Jas. Madison to Samuel Dalton, which Dr. R. H. Dalton had read. 
These letters belonged to Dr. Dalton's aunt, Mary (Dalton) Hughes of 
Patrick county, Va., a daughter of Samuel Dalton (1699-1802). 

Jas. Madison, Sr., was Lieutenant of Orange county. He inherited 
land here from his father, Ambrose Madison. To this land he added 
from time to time. This was the estate which subsequently was known 
as "Montpelier." Here Mr. Madison, the President, spent his life (see 
page 5, Life of James Madison, by Caillord Hunt). 

Samuel Dalton and the elder James Madison were members of the 
loyal Land Company, and invested extensively in lands in Western 
firginia and North Carolina (see History of Southwestern Virginia). 
By referring to page 48, etc., of History of Southwestern Virginia, by 
Thos. Preston Summers, it can be seen that this was first called The 
Loyal Company in 1749; and that later on it was known as The Loyal 
Land Company. This land company consisted of forty-two gentlemen. 
Samuel Dalton (1699-1802) and John Hughes, a brother of CoL Arche- 
laus Hughes, were members. 

The Loyal Land Company had two grants of land, one of one hun- 
dred and twenty thousand acres and another grant of eight hundred 
thousand acres, making in all nine hundred and twenty thousand acres 
of land. 

Another member of this family connection was a member of this 
Li-yal Land Company, John Hughes, a brother of Col. Archelaus Hughes, 
of Patrick county, Va. This John Hughes married a Miss Moore. Mrs. 
Susan Letitia Rice Ciotworthy of Hillman, Oa., has the will of this 
man, John Hughes, which is quite a lenthy paper. 

Col. Archelaus Hughes and bis wife, Mary (Dalton) Hughes, named 
one of their sons John Hughes for this brother. This last John Hughes 
(1776-1860) and his wife, Sarah (Martin) Hughes, were grandparents 
of fh<^ writer, Lucy Henderson Morton. 

Samuel Dallon saw the light of three centuries. He was born in 

d., Google 


((i99, and died at bis home on beautiful Mayo river in RockiHgAaic 
caunty. North Carolina, in 1802. 

Before finally settling down in RockiHgham county, this man had 
been lured by the possibilities of Georgia, and carried bis laraily to wliai 
is now Savannah, Ga., then simply ia its incipiency as a town. Here 
he lost a bright child, and there was much sickness in his family. 
Afraid of the miasma, he retraced his steps, thinking to return to Vir- 
ginia. Dalton built a commodious house, which for maity years we 
know was painted in Spanish-brown, overlooking the beautiful Mayo 
river, above its juncture with the Dan river and near where is now 
Madison, N. C. Ke thought he was in Virginia, but when the boundarj- 
line was made, his home fell in North Carolitra. Other members of this 
family connection moved to Wilkes county, Georgia, Waltons, Clarkes, 
etc. The writer holds letters written by some of them and a note writ- 
ten by Samuel Dalton (1699-1802) himself. The penmanship is so good 
that "he who runs may read." This note is written to his son-in-law. 
Col. Archelaus Hughes, and the father assures Col, Hughes that he and 
his son, John Dalton, will see that the money is paid back. The busi- 
ness paper reads as follows: 

"We, Samuel and John Dalton, do agree to pay to Archelaus 
Hughes, or his assigns, the amount of a Bond due from Wm. Dalton to the 
said Hughes, on or before the 25th day of December. 

"Witness our hands this 9th June, 1796, Samuel Dalton, John Dal- 

This note was written by men whose "word was as good as their 
bond." The writer, in studying the descendants of Samuel Dalton 
(1699-1302), finds many men and women of whom this may be sard. 
We agree with Burns when he says that "An honest man ... is King of 

Dr. Robert Hunter Dalton in his manuscript says that Samuel 
Dalton (1699-1802) was the wealthiest man in all the Piedmont region 
of Virginia and North Cnrolina. His home, in which hts sons and daugh- 
ters grew to manhood and womanhood, was noted for its hospitality. 
Here congenial spirits met. Here was lived that life which Thos. Nelson 
Page says "is believed by some to have been the sweetest, purest 
and most beautiful X\k ever lived." We quote again from the same au- 
thority in describing the old-time Southern hospitality: "The constant 
intercourse of the neighborhood, with its perpetual round of dinners, 
teas and entertainments, was supplemeiited by visits of friends and 
relatives from other sections, who came with (heir families, their equip- 
ap'es, and personal servants to spend a month or two, or as long a time 
as they pleased. A dinner invitation was not so designated, ft was 
with exactitude termed 'spending the day.' On Sundays everyone 
invited everyone else from church, and there would be long lines of 
carriages passing in at the open gate." 

One wonders what formed topics of conversation. Our same au- 
thority says: "The conversation was surprising. It was of the crops. 

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■&ie roads, 'politics, mutual friends, including the entire field of neigh* 
borhood matters, related, not as gosap, but as aHairs of common 
interest, which everyont knew, or was expected or entitled to know. 

TTie fashions came in, of course, among the ladies, embracing par- 
ticularly •patterns.' PolHks took the place of honor among the gen- 
tlemen, their range embracing not only state and national politics, but 
British as well, and to which they possessed astonishing knowledge, 
interest in En^tsh matters having been handed <iown hom father to 
son as a class test." 

The social life of the home may be judged by that of families in 
this and adjoining counties, into which the Dalton !amily married for 
several generations, and of the families of their relatives. Mary Dalton 
married Colonel Archelaus Hughes of Patrick county, Va,, aft adjoining 
twirder county. Rachel Dalton, another daughter of Samuel Dalton 
(1699-1802), married Captain Wm. Martin, who was bom in Albemarle 
county, Va., and when a young man lived in Pittsylvania county, latet 
moving with his family to Stokes county, North Carolina, in order to 
he near his brother, Col. jack Martin, of "Rock House." A daughter 
oi Samuel Dalton was the wife of Major Joseph Winston of Stokes 
county, N. C. He was a htro ol King's Mountain, his name being oil 
the imposirrg monument placed by the government on this battlefield. 
Later his son. Gen. Joseph Winston, lived in this ancestral home. His 
wife was Letilia Hughe.s, a daughter of Archelaus Hughes and his wife, 
Nancy Marnn. Letitia Hughes, a daughter of Archelaus Hughes 11. anA 
his v.-ife, Nancy Martin, was grandaughter of Col. Archelaus Hugheii 
and of Capt. Ullliam Martin. Another daughter of Samuel Dalton mar- 
■ied Jonathan Hanby, who is spoken of in historv as "Francis Marim's 
right hand." They lived, however, in Charleston, S. C, fof some yeara 
Samuel Dalton's son, Samuel, married a Miss Ewell. She was a rela- 
tive of the father of Gen. James Ewell Brown Stuart. The writer has a 
letter written by Archibald Stuart, father of Gen. Stuart. This letter 
■was written to Capt. John Hughes in 1829. Governor Alexander Martin 
was a neighbor of Samuel Dalton (1699-1802). We are told that he 
entertained most lavishly. We know that Dr. Robert Hunter Dalton 
was a lineal descendnni of Samuel Dalton and of a brother of Gov. 
Martin, through marriage into the Henderson family of Granville county, 
N. C. The colonial judge, Richard Henderson, who was at the head of 
the Transylvania Company, was a representative of this family. Judge 
Henderson's wife was 8 daughter of an English Nobleman (see Archi- 
bald Henderson). 

Samuel Dalton's (1699-1802) daiijihter. Letitia. married Matthew 
Redd Moore, a son of William Moore, of Albemarle county, Vit^nia, 
a family noted in early Virginia history. 

The writer has in her posse-ssior old business papers oi William 
Moore, of Albemarle county, Virginia. These papers are dropping apart 
with age. 

William Moore was a son of Bernard Moore, who married Ann 

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Catherine, daughter of Governor Alexander Spottswood. Gov. Spotts- 
wood lived in Orange county, Virginia, which adjoins Albemarle. An- 
other son of Bernard Moore was John, who married Ann Dandridge. 
This Ann Dandridge was closely related to Ann Dandridge Redd, who 
married Samuel Dalton (1699-1802). 

Samuel Moore maried a kinswoman, Elizabeth Oaines, sister of 
Edmund Pendleton Gaines, hero of Lake Erie. Susan Martin married 
a brother of Samuel Moore. The writer has some of her letters to her 
brother, Qen. William Martin. Peter Perkins and Jas. S. Gentry, James 
Taylor and Henry Scales lived near this place of Samuel Dalton (1699- 
1802). The Dalton family was related to Gen. Joseph Martin's family 
of Henry county, Va., and often enjoyed the hospitality of the Leather- 
wood home and of "Greenwood," the beautiful home of Col. Joe Martin. 
Everyone knows that Patrick Henty lived in this vicinity for some 
years. His descendants intermarried exten»vely with this family con- 

Samuel Dalton in 1740 married Anne Redd, or, as she was often 
called "Nancy," which is another form of the name Anne. She was so 
called in order to distinguish her name from her mother's name — Anne 
(Dandridge) Redd. 

Arne (Dandridge) Redd, mother of Nancy (Redd) Dalton, was a 
daughter of Sir William Lionel Rufus de Redd and his wife, Catherine 
Moore. Sir Wm. Lionel Rufus de Redd came to America with Alexander 
Spottswood. He renounced his title, dropping the "de" from his name, 
and married Catherine Moore, a kinswoman of Gov. Spottswood. Anne 
Dandridge Redd was a cousin, of Anne (Dandridge) Moore, whose hus- 
band was John Moote. a son of Bernard Moore and his wife, Anne 
Catherine, eldest daughter of Gov. Alexander Spottswood. Alexander 
Spottswood's wife was a niece and ward of James Butler, Duke of 
Ormand (see pages 703 and 704, Prominent Families of Virginia, by 
Dubellet, Vol. 2). 

Bernard Moore was a member of the House of Burgesses in 1744. 
He was one of the "Knights of Golden Horseshoe," who went over the 
Blue Ridge Mountains in 1716. There have been many intermarriages 
between the descendants of Bernard Moore and the Dalton and Hughes 
families. The writer has autograph letters written by Susan (Martin) 
Moore, whose husband was a brother of Elizabeth Gaines' husband, to 
her brother. Gen. William Martin {17 — 1843) of Williamson counts; 
Tenn. These letters prove her a cultured and smypatbetic woman, a de- 
voted sister. Her husband was a son of Matthew Redd Moore and his 
wile, Letitia (Dalton) Moore. She, herself, was a granddaughter of 
Samuel Dalton (1699-1802) through his daughter. Rachel DaKon Martin. 

Majw John Hughes, brother of Col. Archelaus Hughes, married a 
Miss Moore. He was the ancestor of Judge Woodson, of Missouri. He 
was one of the members of the Loyal Land Company, which colonized 
a large part of Southwestern Virginia (see History of Southwestern Vir- 
ginia, by Thos. Preston Somers). 

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Some lurfher information can be gained of this family connection 
Srom American Ancestry, Vol. V, 1890, Muncells Sons, Pubtishersi 
Albany, N. Y. 

Some members oT fhe Redd laTnUy, to w^ich Samuel Dalton'g wife 
belonged, lived in Goochland county, Va.. notably Jesse Itedd, who 
married Mary Woodson in Goochland county, Nov. 21, 1785 (see page 
160, Virginia County Records, 1909). There have been intermarriages 
hetween the Dalton, Hughes, Woodson, and Winston families in every 
generation since colonial times. 

Sarah Hughes, a sister of Orlando and Leander Hughes, married t. 
Woodson. William Jordan Woodson, a great-great-grandson of this 
Sarah Hughes Woodson, married Margaret Fulkerson, a granddaughter 
ot Jeancy (Hughes) Fulkerson. This is one of many intermamageii. 
Margaret Fulkerson's grandmother was a daughter ol CoL Archelaus 
Hughes of the Revolution. Mrs. Hyland Todhunter, of Lexington, Mis- 
souri, ts a granddaughter ol Margaret's sister, Mary Dalton t[Fulttef 
st,n) NeiU. 

Samuel Dalton married Anne Dandridge Redd in I740L 


David; lived in Stokes county, NorQi Carolina. 

Samuel; lived in Rockuigham county. North Carolina; married 
Nancy Kenner. 

Robert; lived in Campbell county, Va. 

William; lived in Virginia. 

John; lived in North Carolina. 

Mary; born I748j married Col. Archelaus Hughes, of Patrick coun- 
1J-. Va., in nm-, died Feb. 22, 1848, 

Letitia; married CoU Matthew Moore, of Stokes county, N. C. 

Rachel; married Capt. (and Rev.) William Martin; lived at Snow 
Creek, Stokes countj', N. C. 

Jane; married Major Joseph Winston, n[ Stokes county, N. C, 
March 24, 1769. 

Matilda; married Capt. Jonathan Hanby; lived in Charieston S. C. 

Virginia; married Capt. Hanby's brother. 

The daughters of the home on Mayo river all married men who 
became soldiers in the Revolutionary war. They were officers in the 
American army. 

Mary DaHon, daughter of Samuel Dalton (1699-1802), and hiR 
v'ife, Ann Dandridge Redd, of Rockingham county. N. C, was born 
in 1748, and died in l^*'- She was married to Ckit, Archelaus; Hughes 
of Pittsylvania county, Sept. 25, 1769. 

Among old family papers which have come down to the writer 
tiom her grandfather, Captain John Hughes (177&-1860), who admin- 
istered on the estate of his father. Col. Archelaus Hughes, is a paper 
showing that Archelaus Hughes and John Wimbish. of Virginia, bought 
a bill of goods from John Lidderdale of London, England, in 1769. Of 
course these goods included wedding toggery. 

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After the marriage of Mary Dalton and Col. Archelaus Hughes 
they lived in what is now Patrick county, Va. This had been cut otf 
from Pittsylvania county. Their home was called "Hughesvilte," 
and was the first frame house built in Patrick county. This house cl 
ten rooms still stands (1912), and is in very good state of preservation. 
The writer has an old letter written by Leander Hughes in 1859 to his 
brother, Capt. John Hughes (1776-1860), from this old homestead. In 
this letter, Leander, a very old man, speaks of them both having been 
born and reared here. 

"Hughesville" was situated on the regular stage and mail route. 
It was a home of large hospitality. Many friends from different 
of the country on their way to the White Sulphur Springs would make 
it a point to visit "Hughesville." Here all the children of Col. Archelaus 
Hughes and his wife, Mary Dalton, were born. Indeed, the old family 
graveyard at "Hughesville" is full of Hughes graves. 

On the twenty-seventh day of September, 1775, Archelaus Hughes 
was appointed, by the Committee of Safety, captain of a company of 
militia in F^ttsylvania county (see American Monthly Magazine for June, 
1912, page 255). Here quotation is made from the original county 
records. Later he was made Colonel of a Virginia regiment (see page 
415, Vol. IX, Virginia Magazine of History and Biography). 

Mary (Dalton) Hughes was a woman of buoyant nature. Cheerful- 
ness characterized the whole of her long life of ninety-three years. 
Her youngest child, Madison Redd Hughes, whom the writer knew long 
and well, said that she was always addressed and spoken of a» "Mad- 
ame Hughes." We find this to have been the case with a family con- 
nection of later date, Octavia Walton LeVert was always spoken of as 
"Madame LeVerf." 

Mary Dalton Hughes had a good deal of pride, and was given to 
playful banter. On one occasion the elder Wade Hampton was visit- 
ing in her home, and a flock of guineas were making a great noise. 
Mr. Hampton said: "Madame Hughes; order those fowls killed." In 
a playful way he continued: "I who command am a Congressman ot 
the United States." With a proud toss of the head she rejoined: '1 
who refuse am Madame Hughes of 'Hughesville.' " Wade Hampton 
was connected with her family through the Winslons. This assertion 
is made by Senator Pettus, of Alabama, and it may be seen in the gene- 
alogy of the Winston family. Wade Hamplon (1754-1835) represented 
South Carolina in Congress, 1795-97, and from 1803 to 1805, command- 
ing on the northern frontier from 1813 to 1814. He was the father of 
Gen. Wade Hampton, who served during the war between the States 
as commander of a force known as Hampton's Legion of Cavalry. In 
1876 he became Governor of South Carolina, and served in the United 
States Senate 1879-91. It may be interestiuR to note the fact 
that the elder Wade Hampton owned three thousand slaves (see page 
289, Dictionary U. S. History, by Jameson). I note this fact in order 
to make the statement that throughout the South one hundred, or even 
fifty slaves were conwdered a goodly number for one man to possess. 



Miss JosepUne Robertson, of Statesville. North Carolina, who, as 
a child, spent many happy days at "Greenwood" in Henry county, Va., 
the home of her grandfather, OA. Joe Martin, and his wife, Sally Hughes, 
who was a daughter of Mary (Dalton) Hughes, says, "fond memo* 
des cluster about 'Uieenwood' ot the visits of Mary (Dalton) Hughes. 
She always brought a wealth of cheer with her." 

Rot)ert Hunter Dalton, who knew the family intimately, and was 
ven 1 I.' of Ills aunt Mary Hughes, tells us in his family chronicles 
that CiA. Archelaus Hughes held a position in Philadelphia during Wash- 
ington's administration, and that his wife was with him here; and 
fiovcd herself in Philadelphia society an attractive and cultured woman. 
Judge Joshua Caldwell ol Knoxville. Tennessee, a writer of note on 
legal subjects and a man many times honored by the Sons of the 
Vmerican Revolution, was always interested in family history. He is 
a rie?renrfnnt of Col. Archelaus Hughes; and he once told the writer 
that CoL Hughes was appointed to some office of trust in Philadelphia 
b* WashiniTton. We wish we tould state just what this office wa». 
We know that, aside from other things, Mary Dalton Hughes had the 
honor to know George Washington in his own home while on visits 
to her uncle, John Dalton, at Alexandria. 

The writer has a letter written by Mary (Dalton) Hughes in 1829 
to her son, Capf. John Hughes, of Williamson county, Tenn. (^apt. 
John Hii,?hes was the grandfather of the writer, Lucy Henderson Hor- 
ton. Her penmanship is thin Italian. The language is chaste and 

•■Patrick County, Virginia, June, 12. 1829. My Dear Son: Some 
da-s since I received a letter from you bringing the welcome 
intelligence of the health of your family, as well as that of my 
other children, and friends in your section of the country. The welfare 
and happiness of my children bring the chief source of my pleasures. 
You must know that I could but be delighted at that part of your 

"1 find myself declining under the hand of tim« with great rapidity, 
it;y earthly enjoyments are now hut few, and must ere long end forever. 
Would to God [ could make that imp<Hlant preparation for futurity 
which you so strongly and earnestly recommend. I am not insensible 
c! the great necessity of a change on my part. 

"You mention that you remember me in your prayers. This is to 
me, my dear son, a source of great pleasure to believe my distant and 
pious children should remember their unworthy Mother in their sup- 
plicaiiuns to our great and good Cod. 

"I wish I had something of importance to communicate to you. 
I suppose many little occurrances have taken place among the ac- 
quaintances in thts section that you would like to know, but as 1 know 
l^iit little of the passing events of the day, T shall content myself by tell- 
ing you that your relations in thi# part of the country are all well, and 
in tcJerahle good health, except Reuben's wife. There has been no 
material change in her situation since you saw her. She is sometimes 



better than at otherSt but I think there '» no hope of ber recaverj. 
Strange to let), your sister Stovall is entirely relieved, and is now more 
fleshy and cheerful than she has been for many years. 

"Will you be so kind as to remember me to your wife in the most 
tender and particular manner? Tell her tliat ber dutiful and affection- 
ate treatment of me has been so uniform and kind that I was almost 
insensible of the strength of my attachment to <)"r urtil smce I ha' c been 
deprived of the pleasure of seeing and conversing with her. Tell her 
that I shall only cease to love and admire her with the end of my own 
existence. Tell her to write to me. 

"I will now dose by tendering my love to you and all my ijear 
grandchildren, individually, as well as all relations and inquiring 
trends in your part of the country, and to none more than fo Billy Mar- 
tin. Vour affectionate Mother, Mary Hughes. 

"P.S. Tell Susan Moore her relations are all well here, that her 
negroes are well, and her affairs are all doing well in this part of the 
country as far as I know. M. H." 

Madison Redd Hughes, youngest child of Mary (Dalton) Hughes, 
told the writer that his mother always sat bolt upright in her chair, 
never leaning back. This posa'bly came of the stilted age in whicft 
she lived. He said she always bathed her face before going to bed at 
n!<!ht. and rubbed back the wrinkles. Her fece was wonderfully smooth, 
even in extreme age. 

We will next copy the obituary of Mary (Dalton) Hughes (I74ff- 
1841). This obituray was given me by Joshephine Robertson: 

"OHtnary of Mary (Dalton) Huglies (17481841). 

"Departed this life on the 30th day of December, 1841, at her 
residence in Patrick county, Virginia, of chesmber rheumatism, the ven- 
erable Mrs. Mary Hughes, relict of Col. Archelaus Hughes, in the nine- 
ty-fourth year of her age. Apart from the extreme age to which if 
pleased Kind Providence to profong the life of Madame Hughes, she may 
truly be said to have possessed very many of the most remarkable and 
e.^cellent traits of the human character. 

"Her life t)egan before the existence of Ihis Government, and con- 
sequently she witnessed in its most destructive ravages the horrors of 
the Revolutionary war, and felt its effects on her immediate circle. 
The brave old soldier, with whom she had linked her earthly fortune, 
was absent in that momentous struggle in his country's service, and 
while his safety was the dearest object of her solicitation, the glory 
and success of her country's arms were never lost sight of. During the 
struggle she imbibed a spirit of patriotism, which to the last day of her 
CNistence, like her other personalities, of the highest, was not in the 
slightest degree diminished, and which to her many admirers has been 
a source of peculiar interest. 

"Kind to the human family with almost a universal benevolence, 
she dispensed alms in the true spirit of charity. From her lips no ac- 
count of self-claimed merit was ever heard. To speak of her and to do 

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her justice is the delight of her many relatives and friends who throng- 
ed around her and sweetened the gloom of her declining years. To 
portray adequately the cardinal virtues of her remarkable character U 
more than at present 1 shall attempt to do. 

"As a mother we may safely say no woman could excel her. As 
a misio^iiii aiie was humane and kind, devoted to the comfort of her 
servants, giving every necessary attention. As a friend the high re- 
gan. II. viiich she was held by her neighbors sufficiently attest tfie 
hospitality of her soul. As a woman she united to- the greatest energy 
of tha. I..,, ihe most refined and cultured tenderness of disposition. 
Rea^y . ^i.e the frailties of her sex, she raised for herself an ele- 
vtteu i . .u of female excellence, up to which she most exactly 
came, discharging every duty which, in her estimation, was proper to 
be practiced by the female portion of society. She was sick but a 
few days, and It seemed that her disease bad been arrested, when, 
after the return of apparent convalescence and in very cheerful spir- 
its, she discoursed the morning she expired. She thus may be said to 
have retained, to the day of her exit fa-om time to eternity, that hilar- 
ity of feeling with which her long years had been characterized. The 
number of her descendants is almost three hundred." 

While Mary (Dalton) Hughes was a devoted mother to all of her 
children, there was something especially touching about the devotion of 
son and mother in the case of Col. Samuel Hughes. ' This son had had 
a sorrow which he could never forget. His fiance lost her life in the 
famous theatre fire in Richmond in 1811. After this .great sorrow he 
seemed to lavish a double portion of love on his mother. Their devo- 
tion was a thing so beautiful that to this good, day some of the family 
still haiip on their walls the pictures of mother and son. side by side. 

It is generally conceded that the Welsh family of Hughes of Pow- 
hatan and Goochland counties, Virginia, were of royal descent. Dr. 
Robert Hunter Dalton in his family papers says that Samuel Dalton 
(1699-1802) was the brother of an Engjftsh lord. We know that it is a 
well-founded tradition that Samuel Dalton's wife was known as "Lady 
Dalton" among her descendants in Virginia and the Western States. 
We quote Judge Arch iM. Hughes of Columbia, Tenn., as one authority 
fot this assertion. Judge Hughes was bom in Stokes county, Nortn 
Cnrclin? near the home of his lineal ancestor, Samuel Dalton (1699- 
IFi02), of Rockingham county, N. C. 

History tells us that in colonial days younger sons Of noblemen 
fme to America. Thackery in the Virginians corroborates the state- 
ment. He says, "The resident gentry was allied to good English fam- 
ilies." In writing of Virginia during the period which embraced 1756, 
Thackery says: "Never were people less republican than those of the 
Rreat province which was soon to be foremost in the memorable revolt 
apaittst the British Crown. The gentry of Virginia dwelt on their lands 
after a fashion almost patriarchal. . . . their hospitality was bound- 
less. No stranger was ever sent away from their gates. The gentry 
received one another and traveled to each other's houses in a state al- 


most feudal." Again he lays. "E're the estabtishment of Independence 
there was no more aristocratic country in the world than Virginia." 
Thackery says it was a custom in old families at that time to have a 
little servant assigned to each boy at his birth. This custom prevailed 
in the South up to the time of the Civil war. The writer's bro<her. 
Ji'dge John H. Henderson, who was only eleven years old at th^ time the 
war began, used often to say laughingly that he was a slave owner in his 
own right. His grandfather, Capt. John Hughes (1776-18(50), for 
whom he was named, gave him at the time of his birth a negro boy. 
Manuel. He made a deed of gift of this negro boy to his grandson. 
John Hughes Henderson (1849-1915). 

Children of Mary Datton and Ha Husband, Ctri. Archeiaua Huglies 

1. Leander; died unmanied, aged ninety -seven, at "Hughes- 

2. Archelaus; married Nancy Martin, daughter of Wm. and Ra- 
chel (Dalton) Martin. 

3. William; married first his cousin, Susannah Moore; second 
Aisey (Alice) Carr. 

4. John; born Aug. 3, 1776; married Sally Martin, daughter of 
Wm. and Rachel (Datton) Martin. 

5. Samuel; died a bachelor, aged 68 years. 

6. Reuben; married a daughter of Gen. Joseph Martin, 

7. Jeancy; married Col. John Fulkerson. Lived in Lee county, 

8. Sallie; married Col. Joseph Martin, son of Gen. Joseph Martin. 

9. Matilda; married John Dillard, General in war 1812 
10; Nancy; married Brett Stoval. 

II. Madison Redd; married first, Moore; second, Matthews; third, 
Sallie Dillard. 

CblUren o( Rachel Dalton and Her Huslund, Captain (and Rev.> 
WSBam Martin. 

1. Nancy; married Archelaus Hughes, son of Col. Archelaus 
Hughes and his wife, Mary Dalton. 

2. Sally; married Captain John Hughes, Feb. 7, 1798, a son of 
Col. Archetaus Hughes and his wife, Mary Dalton. 

3. Col. James, of Leaksville, North Carohna. 

4. Brice; died rather young, leaving two daughters. 

5. Virginia; married Samuel Clark, who was burn in Albemarle 
county, Va. 

6. Gen. William; (17 ?-lft43) of Williamson county, Tenn., never 

7. Susan; married Moore, son of Matthew Redd Moore and 

his wife, Letitia Dalton. 

8. Martin; married Charles Banner. He was member of 

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the House al Commons in Stokes county, N. C, 1797-1302 (see Wheel- 
er's History of N. C). 

9. PoUy; married Daniel Hammock. He died in 1829. 

10. Mary; married : — Moon; lived at Snow Creek, N. C, 

Stokes county. 

This branch of the family is written up under the head "Martin." 

The family of Samuel Dalton's daughter, Letitia, is written up 
imder the head "Moore." 

An extended sketch of the family of Samuel Dalton's daughter, 
Mary, is written up under the head "Hughes," 

Samuel Dalton's daughter, Matilda's, family comes under the head 

The family of Samuel Dalton's daughter, Jane, is written up under 
the head "Winston." 

Dr. Kobert Hunter IDatton, who was born on the estate of his 
ancestor, Samuel Dalton (1699-1802), in Rocklnghani county. N. C, 
wa.s always interested in family history, and wrote a paper in I86R 
which was filed in the archives of the Missouri Historical Society in St. 
Louis by Mary L. Dalton, his granddaughter. She was librarian of the 
Missouri Historical Society. Mary Louise Dalton served a term as Stah 
Historian N. S. D. A. R: of Missouri: She was also honored by her home 
town. Wentzville. Missouri, v-hich named their local chapter of the 
Daughters of the Confederacy for her. 

Or. Robert Hunter Dalton grew to manhood in Rockingham coun- 
ty, N. C Later in life he made his home for some years in St. Louis, 
Missouri. He, like his great-grandfather, Samuel Dalton, lived to be 
very old Dr. Dalton died in Tacoma, Washington, in I9U1. One of 
the soils of Robert Hunter Dalton and his wife, Jane Martin Henderson, 
whot by the way, was a niece of Gov. Alexander Martin of North Car- 
olina, also lived in Tacoma, Washington. This was Wm. Robert Inge 
Dalton, whose residence was 815 North Fifth street, Tacoma, Warfi- 
ington, and another residence of his was 101 Convent Ave., New York, 
In 1832 Dr. Robert Hunter Dalton was married to Jane Martin Hen- 
derson, a daughter of Alexander Henderson and his wife, Mary Wat- 
late. Alexander Henderson was a son of Thos. Henderson, who was a 
son of Samuel Henderson (1700-1783), of Granville county, North Car- 
olina. This Thomas Henderson was a brother of the colonial Judge, 
Richard Henderson, president of the Transylvania Company. Jane 
Martin Henderson was a niece of Gov, Alexander Martin, whose home 
was at Danberrj-, Rockin^am county, N. C. Gov, Martin in his will 
makes bequest to this family. 

The writer, also, descends from Samuel Henderson, of Granville 
ciiuntv, N. C. In Southern families there have been so many intermar- 
riages. This, we suppose, is because there was never the influx of 
ir-migrants in the South as we find dsewhere. 

We will copy extracts from Dr. Dalton's paper: "The name Dal- 
ton us Norman-French. The English progenitor is said to have come 

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over from Normandy with William the Conqueror. . . In time it came 
to be an extensive family in both England and Ireland, and now many 
branches are living in America." 

Dr. Dalton speaks of a Lord JohnDalton, a dissolute man. who was 
an uncle of his great-grandfather, Samuel Dalton (169d-18(Q). He 
speaks of two brothers coming to America. These brothers were Wil- 
liam and John. One brother, he says, settled in New Jersey and the 
other in Virginia. William Dalton. we know, settled in Gloucester coun- 
ty, Va. He speaks of one of Samuel Dalton's brothers settling in Alex- 
andria, Virginia. This was John Dalton of the business firm Cariyle & 

This record says again: 

"Samuel Dalton (1699-1802) lived for many years in ttie vicinity 
of the elder Jas. Madison, and had much to do with the family, as I 
have seen by reading over a large bundle of papers in possession of 
Aunt Mary (Dalton) Hughes of Patrick county, Va., whom 1 was in 
the habit of visiting in my boyhood, and after I became a physician. 

"From Virginia he moved to Georgia and settled the very place 
now occupied by Savannah, but after living there a tew years and find- 
ing the country very unhealthy, having lost several of his family, 
he was on his way back to Virginia, when he was induced to purchase 
a targe body of land on IVIayo river, Rockingham county, North Car- 
olina, about ten miles above the present village of Madison at the 
junction of Mayo and Dan rivers, where he lived during the balance 
of his life, one hundred and s\% years. He became the wealthiest man in 
a1! the country, and raised a large family of children and owned a great 
many negroes. 

"I was born and reared within five miles of his residence, and I 
well remember, not only the large plantation, which he cultivated, 
hut the very house in which he lived in his latter days. It was a large 
frame house on a hill, overlooking the beautiful Mayo river. He died 
but a short lime before mv birth. He was active and erect as long as 
he lived, and in his latter days generally walked with his hands behinct 
him. For many years before his death he refused to ride horseback or 
in any vehicle, and sometimes during the year in which he died he 
walked five miles to my father's, and back again, without any very 
great fatigue or injury. 

"When a child, I remember the great respect and reverence with 
which the old people spoke of him. He had several sons of whom I 
knew: David, a man of large wealth in Stokes county. North Carolina: 
Robert, of Campbell county, Virginia; and William, who also lived 
somewhere in Virginia, He had many daughters of whom I well re- 
member Mary Hughes, of Patrick county, Virginia, wife of Colonel 
Archetaus Hughes, a distinguished man; Letitia (Letty) Moofe. wife 
or Colonel Moore, of Stokes county. North Carolina, who were the father 
and mother of Gabriel Moore, once Governor of Alabama and later .1 
senator in congress; Matilda Hanby. wife of Capt. Hanby, one of 
Marion's right hand men, whose name is mentioned honorably in history; 

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ViTsinta Handby, wife of CapL Handby's brother, and two or three 
others whose names i have forgotten, one of these was the wife of 
•of Col. Hughes' brother, and lived and died in Surrey county. North 
Carolma; another, a CoL Moore, who lived and died near Ward's Gap, 
Patrick county, Virginia; and one who married a man named Winston in 
Stokes county. North Carolina (a marginal note says that Matthew 
Hughes of Surrey end CoL Moore near Ward's Gap bdonged to the 
next generation). 

"AD of these left large posterity, many of them of whom I have seen 
and many of whom have been dear to me as relatives. And right 
here I wilt take occasion to say, in all truth, tliat in the immense pos- 
terity of Samud Dalton, ol Mayo, I have never known or heard of 
scarcely any crime or racality committed by any of tiiem equal to 
families generally. 

"The third son of Samuel Dalton, of Mayo, was Samuel Dalton, 
my grandfather, who lived and died, at the age of thirty, on Beaver 
Island, where 1 was born. He died from the effect of a rattlesnake 
bite. His death when so young was much regretted by his family and 
friends, as he was a very promising, energetic man; and without 
accident was likely to live to great old age, like his father who lived 
to be one hundred and sit years old. In 1835 I saw Aunt (Mary 
Dalton) Hughes at her own house, at the age of ninety-eight, when 
she was as young looking as average women are at forty, and she scarcely 
had a wrinkle in her face. Her mind was then active and vigorous. 
She was straight and her gait was lilte that of a fprt. In fact, she 
looked handsome, except that her eyes had a hard, . unearthly appear- 
ance. The other long-lived sisters were healthy looking, but quite 

Dr. Dalton did not have the age ol Mary (Dalton) Hughes exact. 
She was bom in 1748, and died in 1841. 

We will copy a letter written by Dr. Dalton in 1B96 to his niece, 
Mrs. Betfie Kennedy of "Daltonia Farms," Houstonville, North Caro- 
lina. This letter gives us information of Samuel Dalton's (1699-1802) 
immediate descendants: 

"304 N., nth St., Tacoma, Washington, Jan. 28, 1896. 

"My Dear Bettie: Our genealogy is a matter that has always 
interested me very deeply, but since 1 have been quite old and so far 
separated from any of my relations of my generation, and indeed of 
the succeeding one, I seem to have lost interest in it. However, my 
memory of facts is by no means impaired. 

"Ctenerations beginning with Samuel Dalton (1699-1802): Samuel 
Dalton, of Mayo, died about the beginning of the present century, 
perhaps in 1801 or '02. . . He settled on a plantation adjoining the 
elder James Madison and lived here for several years, during which 
lime, I learned by perusing papers, left by him tn possession of his 
daughter, Mary Dalton Hughes, of Patrick county, Vir^nia, that he 
had many important transactions with Mr. Madison. They were both 
members of Sie once celebrated Loyal Land Company, with thirty-eight 

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others, who were granted a large territory over the Blue Ridge, em- 
bracing many] counties. And when he sold out and went to the Geor- 
gia territory, he assigned his stock to Mr. Madison, as a mere agency, 
an seemed very probable, inasmuch as the land at that time had assum- 
ed little or no value, nor did it improve during his lite. But while I was 
a young physician in Guilford county, North Carolina, happening to read 
in 1828 an advertisment in the Richmond Inquirer calling on heirs ol 
the stockholders to assemble to make good their claim; and seeing the 
name of Samuel Dalton as one of the forty gentlemen, I rode up to my 
father's with the paper, and soon after Col. Samuel Hughes (he was a son 
of Mary (Dalton) Hughes) and your father went to Richmond and em- 
ployed Chapman Johnson to bring suit as the transfer of stock was not 
Icr 'value received.' We lost, ai the 'onus probendi' re.sted with us. 
But yet our worthy ancestor did become a very great 'land grabber,' 
for, while on the way back to Virginia from the swamps of Georgia 
with his fflckly family, he halted at Mayo, North Carolina, and took 
up a homestead, where he prospered and finally was the owner of the 
best lands around tn every direction, so that my father, his grandson, 
inherited two thousand three hundred (2,300) acres, and a number of 
likely negroes. These rich Hairstons bought their land of him; and 
every one of his children was endowed with very large tracts. He 
was probably the largest land holder in all the Piedmont region of 
Virginia and North Carolina. 

"The children of Samuel Dalton, who died at the age of one hun- 
dred and eight years (the writer thinks he was one hundred and three 
years old) were four sons and six daughters: David, Robert, Samuel. 
William, Letitia, Matilda, Mary, Rachel, Jane, and a daughter whose 
name I forget, the mother of Gen. Wm. Martin of Tennessee (nick- 
named Buck, who distinguished himself at the Battle of New Orieans). 

(Note by the author: General William Martin (17—1843) was a 
son of Rachel Dalton and her husband, Capt., later Rev., Wm. Martin, who 
was born in Albemarle county, Va., enlisted in the American Revolu- 
tionary army in Pittsylvania county, Va., and later lived and died on 
Snow Creek, Stokes county, North Carolina. The writer, who is a 
grandchild of his sister. Salty (Martin) Hughes, was born and reared 
in the old house in Williamson county, Tennessee, in which Gen. Wm. 
Martin (1787-1643) lived and died. Then, loo, Dr. Robert Hunter 
Dalton (1804-1901) himself said in record written by him in 1868, which 
is filed in archives of Missouri Historical Society in St. Louis, that one 
of these »sters was the wife of Major Joseph Winston, of Kind's Moun- 
tain fame. We think her name was Jane). 

We resume Dr. Dalton's record: 

"Second Generation: David Dalton, son of Samuel Dalton, of 
Mayo, inherited the rich lands up and down Fawn Fork in Sttrices 
county. North Carolina, where he reared his family, all known to me 
when a t>oy, and all went to Tennessee before 1 was grown, excepting 
David, whose posterity are there yet. 

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"Second Generation: Robert, son of Samuel Dalton (1699-1802), 
settled on a large tract ol land on Mayo river, adjoining his falber, 
where he reared a son, Thomas, who reached the age ol ninety-six; 
Elizabeth, who married Col. Critz, of the Revolution, and perhaps other 
children I have forgotten. A son of Thomas, ninety-one years old, is 
now living (1896). 

"Second Generation: Samuel Oalton, son of Samuel Dalton (1699^ 
1802), of Mayo, married a Gelihu. (Note: Dr. Dalton's daughlet. 
Mrs. Brodnax, genealogist, and his granddaughter, Mary Louise Dalton, 
affirm that this Samuel Dalton married a Miss Ewell. She was close- 
ly related to the ancestor of Gen. Jas. Ewell Brown Stuart. The writer 
has an autographed letter written by Archibald Stuart, bther of Gen. 
J. E. B. Stuart, to her grandfather, Capt. John Hughes 1776-1860). 
This letter was written in 1829). 

"Samuel Dalton, after marriage, settled on Beaver Island Creek, 
where I was born. Aunt Molly Hughes always spohe of him as the 
most sprightly of her father's sons, and even at her age of ninety-eight 
years she seemed to grieve at his untimely death, from the effects of a 
siiake bite, f^is sons were John, Nicholas, William, Samuel and Ewell. 
His daughters were Nancy, Elizabeth and Mary. 

"Third Generation: John Dalton, son of Samuel Dalton, married 
a Gentry, and had a son, Madison, and two daughters whom I knew 
when we were small children before they went to Tennessee to live 
(see History of the Gentry family by Richard Gentry for further account 
of Meredith Poindexter Gentry, who was a nephew of above). 

"John Dalton was a tall and well-proportioned man, the noblest- 
looking man 1 ever saw. (He was Mrs. Bettie Kennedy's grandfather). 

"Third Generation: Nicholas, son of Samuel Dalton, II., my father, 
was five feet, eleven inches high, and a man of gigantic strength. He 
lived a life of ease and comfort and died of paralysis in 1868, while 
1 was living in Alabama. He left a large estate to twelve of his rfiil- 
dren, I being disinherited on account of my absence, I suppose, and the 
influence of nurses over his weakened mind. But I never held him ac- 
countable for the deed. On the contrary, I have ever regarded him as 
flie best specimen of humman character I have ever known. He never 
had an enemy in afl his life, and all his neighbors seemed to worship 
him. As the senior magistrate of Rockingham, he held the county- 
courts as judge as long as he lived. His children were: Samuel S., 
Jane H., Mary H., Chariotfe G., Ewell G., Leander, Robert H., Nancy 
K., Elizabeth, John, Nicholas, Susan S., and Pleasant H. 

'1 will now return to the second generation, children of Samuel 
Dalton (1699-1802), of Mayo. I have already mentioned David, Roberl, 
Samuel, and his posterity. 

"Second Generation: William, I think, settled In Kentucky terri- 
tory and founded a family there, prominent to this day, two of whom 
I know, Dr. Samuel Dalton of the U. S. army and his 'brother, William, 
a commission merchant of New Orieans. Dr. Samuel and 1 could not 
determine whether the Kentucky William, his ancestor, was a son of 


Samuel, of May«, or bis brotbcT wbo settled in tbe Windicsler VaDey, 
while tbe third brother lived at Alexandria, Virginia, and was the 
great-grandfather of William Yaacey, the prominent lawyer and poli- 
tician oi Alabama when the Civil war begun in 1861. 

"Second Generation: Letitia was the wife of CoL IMoore, of 
Stokes county. North Carolina, and the mother of Gabriel Moore, Gov- 
ernor of Alabama, a very wealthy farmer. Gabriel was a sexatw in 
congress in 1825, oc '26. He removed to Texas, where he died. Aunt 
Letitia reared a large family of sons and daughters, aD of whom were 
highly respected and most of whom I knew. 

"Second Generation; Matilda, daughter of Samuel Dalton (1699- 
1802), of Mayo, was the wife of Capt. Hanby, of Patridc county, Va., 
or just over the Stokes line in North Carolina. He was General Ma- 
rion's right-hand man during the Revolutifm, and became an historical 

"Second Generation: Jane Datton married the Captain's brother, 
living in the same neighborhood. They had no children. (Note by 
author: Dr. Robert Hunter Dalton in his paper, which was written 
in 1868 and filed in the archives of the Missouri Historical Society in 
Si. Louis states the fact that one of Samuel Dalton's (1699-1802) 
daughters was the wife of Major Joseph Winston, of King's Mounta-n 
lame. The writer has much proof that this was true. She thinks the 
name of Major Joseph Winston's wife was Jane). 

"Second Generation: Mary Dalton, daughter ot Samuel, of Mayo, 
was the wife of Colonel Archelaus Hughes, of Patrick coi.nty, Virginia. 
Col. Hughes carried his wife to Philadelphia, where he held a govern- 
ment position under General George Washington. Hci-e she figured in 
the best society, proving herself a most accomplished woman. When 
I left North Carolina in 1835, where I had been her doctor for several 
years, she was ninety years old and, but for the "arcus senile" (white 
^ot in the eyes), she seemed not to be more than seventy years old. 
Every one of the four asters lived to be nearly one hundred years old, 
and all were wealthy but one. That generation of the Hughes femily 
were numerous, and all were sprightly and inteHuctual. I was much 
among them until I was a practicing phya'cian, and left the country. 

"I will now revert to the heirs of Samuel Dalton, my grandfather. 
Samuel was next to my father, a man of ordinary size, \ytth short, 
powerful arms and wonderful agility. He was periodically intemperate. 
And in those times of fisticuff manhood, when he went to a public 
gathering, he was very apt to tackle some notorious bully and come 
off badly bunged up, but always victorious, his adversary having cried 
out 'Enough!' I witnessed his last flght at Jennings, when sleet was 
covering the ground. His antagonist was Len Joice, a tall, piiwerful 
hully, who had never cried 'Enough.' They began at the yard gate, 
twenty yards above the store, and struggled for half an hour or more 
, down the slope.. The man cried out: Take him offt' when his eyes 
vere nearly gouged out, and his shirt being scraped off by the ice. His 
bnck was skinned and covered with blood and icy mud. Uncle Sam 

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was lifted to Jenning's houae, where he laid a week before he could 
go home. He married a Scales and reared a family of worthy children. 
At the age of forty-seven he abandoned whiskey, married a second 
wife, a widow Moore of Stokes, but lived only a few more years. 
When sober, tie was really a model of fine manhood, and a most ex- 
cellent gentleman; and, although occasionally intemperate, he was 
always full-handed and independent. Uncles William and Ewell both 
went to the Mississippi territory before I was born. The former reared 
a family of children, but the latter had none. This must be nearly a 
correct history of our ancestry on the Dalton side, from Samuel of 
Mayo to our own period. 

"i have an abundance of legendary evidence showing concluuvely 
that the Daltons in England, from the time of William the Conqueror, 
have accomplished much and occupied respectable, and some of them 
very honorable, standing in Yorkshire and other parts of Britain. 

"The records left with Aunt Molly Hughes, which I carefully read, 
show that the English law of 'primo geniture' was the cause of three 
junior sons coming to America. The estate in Yorkshire fell to John, 
the eldest son, who was a dissolute, heartless bachelor. So the younger 
brothers left the home of their father to seek their fortune in America. 
Finally the besotted bachelor, occupant of Dalton Hall, soon ran hie race, 
leaving the estate escheated to the crown. 

"A large number of Yorkshire Daltons colonized Ireland abottt the 
12th or t3th century, and held their own well until they were subdued 
by King William of Orange. 

"I perceive that I have omitted to notice my father's sisters. Nan- 
cy wife of Absolem Scales, had a large family of sons and daughters, 
and they lived on Mayo, occupying the same {riace, a beautiful situa- 
tion, where Samuel Dalton, of Mayo, had lived so long. They went to 
Tennessee in 181S. Their children were sprightly. (Note by author: 
One of this name, Alfred M. Scales, was Governor of North Carolina, 

"Elizabeth, the wife of Vaul Martin, of Surry county, N. C, had sev- 
eral children. I knew her son, Samuel, a clever boy, but never saw her. 
My older brothers and sisters knew them well. 

"Mary, married a Mr. Harbor and went to Louisiana territory before 
I was born, making a large fortune, and rearing a large family, of whom 
1 often heard but have never seen any of them. By the way, the father 
of this Mr. Harbor married my father's widowed mother, and they, also 
went to Louisiana. 

"Our family went by the name of D'Atton for a long time after 
the advent of William the Conqueror, and Yorkshire fell to the lot of 
Count D' Alton, one of his henchmen." 

Those who care to look further into the Dalton English records 
will find much information in Burke's Landed Gentry, as well as In 
Burke's Peerage. We note that Sir William Dalton, who was Knighted 
at Whitehall. April 28, 1629, lies buried in York Minster. We see, too, 
that Dalton Halt, spoken of by Dr. Robert Hunter Dalton, near Burton, 



Westmoreland, whkh adjoins YorkEhire, is in possession of someone 
whose name is not Datton. 

Samuel Dalton (1699-1802), because of his vast estate in lands and 
slaves, was known as "Samuel Dalton oi Mayo." Dr. D^ton always 
designates him by this title. 

We will copy a notice of the death of Dr. Robert Hunter Dalton 
(1806-1900) from whom we have aid in our family history. Tliis little 
sketch was published in the Tacoma Evening News, Washington, Jan. 
22, 1900: 

•Passes on fo His Last Rent 

"Death of Dr. Robert Hunter Dalton (1806-1900). Close of a brit- 
liant and remarkable career, extending over seventy years. The day 
before his demise, at the age of ninety-Hiree years and eleven months 
be penned his own epitaph: 

'All you who come my grave to see 
Just as I am so you must be. 
Once I lived and moved in space. 
And felt the joys that charm onr race. 
But now I lie beneath the sod. 
My body dust, my soul with Ood.' 

'The day before his death, at nearly ninety-lour yean of age. 
Dr. Dalton, a retired physician who resided a numbei of years in Ta- 
coma, penned these lines, and then awaited the call that he felt was 

"Mrs. Alexander Smith, a daufchter of the deceased with whom h»: 
was making his home, saw that he was not feeling strong yesterday 
morning and insisted that he breakfast in his room. The Doctor insist- 
ed that he was able to be up and about, ffe had partaken of a portion 
of his breakfast, and when a servant went back to him with his coffee, 
sne found him sitting in front of the fire with a smile on his face, dead. 

"Dr. Dalton was in many respects a remarkable man. For more 
than ^xty years he had pursued a brilliant and active professional lite, 
and up to within a few weeks of his death was engaged in writing articles 
which had been accepted by prominent medical journals to which he was 
a constant contributor. Graduating from the medical college at Lex- 
ington, Kentucky, at the age of twenty-two years, he took a course at 
Philadelphia and then entered on the active practice of medicine. 

"During the Civil war he joined the army and held high pos.'tions 
during a number of campaigns. After the war he practiced in St 
Louis and later in California. At »xty-nine years of age. Dr. Dalton 
sustained a severe injury through accident that made him less active 
of body in later years; but his mind never wavered even at an age when 
the allotted span of life is over, and those who survive it usually fall 
into second childhood. 

"His papers on various medical branches and on hypnotism were 
sought by prominent periodicals. Dr. Dalton was born in North 


Caroruia, his ancestors being among men of national lame, and heroes 
o( the Revolutionary war. One of them, Col. Hunter, was so much a 
thorn in the side of the British that a price was placed on hta head. 

"Dr. Robert Hunter Dalton leaves a son in San Diego, his daugh- 
ter, Mrs. AIe:cander Smith, and grandchildren. He leaves six children. 
One grandson, Hunter Dalton, resides in Seattle. The funeral will be 
held tomorrow afternoon at Trinity church at two o'clock, interment 
ill Tacoma cemetery. Family residence 304 N. 11th St., Tacoma, Wash." 

This obituary notice was furni^ed us by Mrs. P. B, Kennedy (Bettie ■ 
D. Kennedy), "Daltonia Farms," Houstonville, North Carolina, R. F. D. 
No. 1. Dr. Robert Hunter Dalton was an elder brother oi the father of 
Airs. P. B. Kennedy. , 

Dr. R. H. Dalton attended Transylvania College at Lexington, Ky., 
at the same time that the two brothers of the writer's mother were 
there, Leander and Brice Hughes. We have and old letter written by 
Leander Hughes from his school in 1827, In which he says that his 
room-mate is Robert H. Dalton. This was the first school of higher 
learning west of the mountains. Rotwrt H. Dalton used to speak of 
himself and Leander Hughes as1>amon and PyBiias. 

Chadrai of Dr. Robert Hunter DaHon and His WHe, 
Jane IVtartin Henderson. 

A. H. Dallon, of North Carolina. 

Mrs. Mary Lou Brodnax, of New York, who died in London Eng- 

Capt. H. H. Dalton, of St Louib, Mo. 

R. H. Dalton, of San Diego, CaL 

Dr. H. C Dalton, of St. Louis, Ma 

Dr. W. R. Dalton. North Carolina. 

Mrs. K. H. Smith, of Tacoma, Washington. 

Rol>ert P. Dalton, of Lambert's Point, Norfolk, Va., who was rear- 
ed near the old Dalton place in Rockhingam county. North Carolina, 
tells us that Beaver Island, the home of Samuel Dajton, son of Samuel 
of Mayo, is still m possesion of the family. This place was always 
in possesion of some one by the name of Dalton until the death of 
Lea Dalton, father of Mrs. John Price, the present owner (1913). 
Mrs. Price was the only child of Let. Dalton. 

Beaver Island was a part of the estate of Samuel of Mayo, it 
was about four miles from the residence of Samuel Dalton (1699 
1802), and was the home of his son, Samuel, who lived and died there; 
his son, Samuel, Jr., Tived and died then also; and his son Nicholas, 
lived and died there; and his son, Leander, lived and died there. Le- 
ander had only one child, a daughter, who married John H. Price. 

Beaver Island is now the home of John H. Price and family (1911), 
the place having been in the Dallon family for »x generations. 

Judge Richard Cardwetl. of Hanover county, Va., is a member of this 

Mr. R. P. Dalton, when questioned in regard to his family, said. 

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"We are scattered from Dan to Bersheba. or rather from London to 
Los Angeles, and it is very hard to get together even in a book." He 
had seen the old graveyard at "HughesviUe," in Patrick county, Va., 
where Col. Archelaus Hughes and his wife, Mary Dalton, and many 
others of the family are buried. Some ot the older members of the 
Dalton family are buried near the Seuratown mountain in Stokes coun- 
ty, N. C. The old Dalton home on Mayo river is about ten miles from 
"Hughesvllle," in Patrick county, Va. 

Some of the vast landed estate of Samuel Dalton, of Mayo, is still 
in the hands of his descendants. "Daltonia Farms," an estate of about 
five thousand acres, is the home of Mrs. Bettie (Dalton) Kennedy, near 
Houstonville, N. C. "Hughesvllle," in Patrick county, Va., formerly 
the home of his daughter, Mary Dalton Hughes, is still owned by a 

The fortunes of the family have been varied. Mrs. Mary Lou Brod-, a brilliant and lovely woman, was a well-known genealogist. After 
her son lost their fortune on Wall Street, N. Y., she made her living 
tracing genealogy for people who were willing to pay her for her work. 
She died in London, England, in 1911, where she had gone to search 

As a family they like to preserve tra<Ktions. Miss Ada Dalton, of 
Winston-Salem, North Carolina, who descends from the Dandridge- 
Custis family on the maternal side, and throught the Dandridge on the 
paternal ^de, helps to preserve traditions. Ethel Dalton, a daughter of 
R. P. Dalton, on graduation from college, had a watch presented her 
bearing the Dalton crest. Descendants of Samuel Dalton. of Mayo, in 
Williamson county, Tenn., of the Henderson and Harrison branches 
have family coat-of-arms framed and hanging on their walls. We are 
mindful of what William E. Gladstone said: "No greater calamity can 
befall a people than to break utteriy with their past." Mrs. Ciddie 
Sparrow Dalton (Mrs. Frank Dalton) of Greensboro, North Carolina, 
uses a die. The Henderson, Harrison, and Briggs branches in Tennes- 
see and the Todhunter family in Missouri have a family die. 

Samuel Dalton (1699-1802) first met Anne Dandridge Redd, whom 
he later married, at Williamsburg, Virginia, when Williamsburg was 
the center of social life. Here had been founded William and Mary 
College in 1693. This, next to Harvard, is the oldest of American col- 
leges. An institution of learning always gives tone to society. Be- 
sides, Williamsburg was at this time the capital of Virginia, and was 
through winter months the regori of Virginia planters. 

We will give a partial genealogy of Samuel Dalton's, of Mayo, 
branch. We are sorry not to be able to give complete genealogy: 

OeneratkMi 1 — Generation 1 in America: William Dalton. 

Oeneratlon n — Samuel Dalton (I699-IS02), of Mayo, married 
Anne Dandridge Redd in 1740. 

Robert Dalton, whose children settled in Kentucky. 

John Dalton (1722-1T77), of Alexandria, Va. 

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n ID— Children of Samuel Dalton (1699-1802) and hb wife, 
Anne Dandridge Redd: 

David; lived in Stokes county; N. C 

Samuel; lived in Rockingbam county, ti. C 

Kobert; lived in CafapbeO county, N. C 

WilBara; lived in Virginia. 

JohD; Hred in Nortb CaroKna. 

Mary; bom I74S; married CoL Arclielaus Hughes; lived in Pat- 
riclc county, Va. 

Letitia; born May 15, 1742; married Col. Matthew Moore in 1757; 
lived in Stokes county, N. C. Sh« died Feb. -22, 1838. 

Racliel; married Capt. (and Rev.) Wilfiam Martin; lived first in 
Pittsylvania county, Va., later on Snow Creek, N. C. 

Jane; married Major Joseph Winston of Stokes county, N. C. 

Matilda; married Capt. Jonathan Hanby, lAarch 24, 1769; lived 
some years in Charleston, S. C. 

OeneratfcMi IV — Children of David Dalton: Isaac, Jonathan. David. 
This branch of the family were aD wealthy. Isaac Dalton was vastly 
rich, and was an elegant gentleman. He often represented his county 
in the legidature. They Gved in Stokes county, N. C. Jonathan moved 
lo Tennessee to live. 

CUdrco of Samnd Datton III: Nicholas; Rved at Beaver Island, 
Rockingbam county. North Caroliiu, wbere his father and grandfather 
had fived. 

John; moved to Tennessee. 

Wiffiam; lived on the Missiasippi river. He became wealthy. 

Samuel, IV.; married a Miss Scales, lived in Rocldngham county, 
K. C 

Ew^; lived in Mississippi with his brother, William. 

Mary; married a Mr. Harbor; and lived in Louisiana. They were 
wealthy people. 

Elizabeth; married Vaul Martin, of Surry county, N. C. 

Nancy; married Absolem Scales, moved to Tennessee. 

Oeoeratton V — Madison Dalton, sor^ of John Dalton, who moved to 
Tennesse, married a sister of Meredith P. Gentry. 

Madison E>alton, son of Samud and his wife. Scales, fived 

in Louisiana. 

Nicholas, of Beaver Island, had seven sons and five daughters. 
His son, Leander Dalton, Tived at Beaver Island, N. C. One of his 

daughters married — CardweH, and they were parents of Judge 

Richard Cardwell, 

Nicholas was the father of James, Robert Hunter, P. H., and 
another who was the grandfather ol W. W. Gladstone. Most of the 
Sve daughters and seven sons of Nicholas Dalton, of Beaver Island, 
left large families. 

I VI — Ln this generation cornea Mrs. John H Price, of 



Beaver Island, Rockingham county, N. C, a daughter of Leander Dalton. 

Rev. P. H. Dalton had a son, Rot>ert Frank Dalton, of Greensbwo, 
N. C, who married Caddie Sparrow. Jas. had a son, Nicholas Dalton. 
la this generation is Judge Richard CardweU, of Hanover C. H., Va. 

Oeaeratloa VU— In thla generation is Mary Louise Dalton, St. Louis; 
Rotjert P. Dalton, son of Nicholas, lives at Umbert' s Point, Norfolk, Va.; 
W. W. Gladstone lives in Danville, Va.; C. J. Price lives in Los Angetes, 

Oeneratkn VIII— In this generation is Major J. W. Dalton, son of 
Robert P. Dalton. Hunter Dalton, of Seattle, is a grandson of Dr. Robert 
Hunter Dalton (1806-1900); born in North Carolina and died in Tacoma, 
Washington. J. W. Dalton has a son Lawrence. 

Oilldren of R. P. Dattoo, of Lunberf s Point. Norfolk. Va. 

R. L. Dalton, San Antionio, Texas. 

Major J. W. Dalton, Winston-Salem, N. C 

Ethel DalA>n. 

Robert Frank Dalton, son of Rev. P. H. Dalton, is president of a large 
lumber company in High Pmnt, the largest manufacturing plant there. 
He stands at the head d1 the business world in his community. His 
home is in Greensboro, North Carolina. He was educated at Bingham 
School and Davidson College. His father was a Presbyterian minister. 

Mr. Dalton married Miss Caroline Fowle Sparrow. They have 
two sons, Carter Dalton and Thomas Sparrow Dalton. 

Carter Dalton was known in school for brilliant scholarship. He 
graduated from the High' School with first honors and won the State 
University Scholarship. He studied law at the State University, after 
graduation, and then attended Harvard Law School, where he took his 
degree. He afterwards practiced law in Greensboro for two years, 
then moving to High Point he became a partner of Mr. WestcotI H. 
Robinson. The Robin son-Dalton law firm is eminently successful. He 
was elected to the Legislature in 1918; but refused reelection because 
he wanted to devote his time to law practice. He married Mary Drew 
Land and has three children : Mary Drew, Caddie Sparrow, and Frank, Jr. 

Thomas Sparrow Dalton is a man of winning persoaality. He is 
iKloved by all who come in contact with him, regardless of portion or 
color. Dalton was educated at Binghrm School and at the State 
University at Chapel Hill. Here he was a star on the football team. 
He married Elizabeth Landon of New York State and has 
one child, Caroline Landon Dalton. His home is in Wilkes county. 
It Is a palatial reridence, made very beautiful by shrubbery, flowers, 
terraces, and fountains. His apple orchards are far-famed, known as 
"Gold Medal Orchards," the largest in Wilkes county. 

DaHon Record 

(As dictated by Mrs. John Bell Crockett, nee Nancy Datton Sayers) 



The Dalton family m North Carolina was related to the Ewell, 
Redd and Kenner families. 

John Dalton; married Elizabeth Gentry. 
Mary Dalton: married Mr. Harbor. 

ChDdren ol John Dalton and His Wife, EUzsbeth Gentry 

Theodocia; died unmarried. 

Matt; died unmarried. 

Charlotte Henry; married Samuel Scales. 

Ewell Harbor was Uie son of Mary Dalton and her husband, 


(This family lived in Louisiana. They were wealthy. In writing a 

sketch of the life of Gen. William Martin ( 1843) of Williamson 

county, Tennessee, we have copied a letter written to him by his neph- 
tw, Samuel Clark, who lived on Red river. This letter was written from 
New Orleans, whither Samuel Clark had gone to lay in plantation sup- 
pTies, and to enjoy the social life of the city. He speaks of seeing 
"Cousin Polly Harbor and her son Ewell," etc. They always kept up 
social intercourse with th«r Tennessee relatives.) 

ChUdrea of Nancy Dalton (1773-1S40) and Her Husband, Abacriem 
Scales (1769-1835) 

Chariotte Gelihu; died single. 

John Scales had three wives: Lucy Fields, Sallv B. Sa^'ers, Rebecca 

Joseph; married Pannie Webb. 

Samuel; married Charlotte H. Dalton. 

Nichi^as; married Eliz^ Cody. 

Jane; married Jcdin Bellanfont. 

Nancy Kenner; married David Sayers. 

Absolem; married Eliza Morton. Left no children. 

Noah; married Mary B. Sayers. 

Children at John Scales md lUs Hrst V/ttt, Lury FIdda 

Nathaniel Fields; married Anne Webb, 

Nancy; married Hamilton Crockett. 

Mary; manried Samuel A. Dalton, ol Rockingham county, N. C 

ChBifaai of John Scales and His Second WHe. Solly Sayers 


John; married Bettie Sayers. 




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liDdnn of Joha Scaln and Hto TUrd Wife, Rebeccs LaOO, wIiok 
Motber was a Mitt Dattgo 



ChHdrea of Joseph Scales aad His W»e, Fannie WeMi 

William; died single. 

Absolem; married first, EUza Lavender; second, Eliza 1. 

James, married Mary Morton. 

John; married Westover. 

Mildred; married Dr. fields. 

Charlotte; married Mr. Wilson. 

Joseph; married Miss Elliot. 

Samuel; married Miss Hughes. 


Eweil; married Miss Ysung. 

Nancy; died single. 

Fannie; married Alfred WaDace. 

Bettie; married Mr. Wflliama. 

Noah; married Laur Phillips. 

Laura; died in infancy. 

Oilldmi of Samuel Scales and His Wfe, Chariotfc Henry DaHon ' 
(They were first cousins.) 


Anv; married Crockett Saycrs. 

Ab. Watt, M. D. 

John Russwurm. 

Tabitha; married Joe Billie Scales, M. D. 

Fannie; married Henry Sherrod. 

Mary Dalton. 

CUIiIren of Nkbolas Scales and His Wffe, EBza Cody > 

Nancy Jane, married Abncr Sayers. 

Chariotte, married Mr. Drew. 


Jo Ab. 
Odklren of Jane Scales and Her Hosband, John BeSanfOit 

Lucy; married Mr. Winn, 




Nancy; manied Mr. Seay. 


CUMren of Mary Kenner Scales and Her Husband, David Sayen 

(Mary Kenner Scales was born Oct. 28, 1806; died Sept. 10, 1866. 

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She married David Sayers, who was born April 14, 1605; died Aug. 3, 

Nancy Dalton; married John Bell Crockett, M. D. 

Robert Absolem. 

Mary Charlotte; married Andrew James Crockett, 

Sarah Jane; married Col. Thoe L. Yancey. 





James Kenner. 
Chndren of Noah Scdes and His WKe, Mary Beatty Sayen 

(Noah Scales was born Sept. 28, 1804; died Sept. 22, 1859. He 
married Mary Beatty Sayers, who was born Jan. 4, 1809, and died Nov. 
7, 1870). 

Absolem, M. D.; died single. 

Nancy Dalton; married first, Rufus A. Crockett, M. D.; second, 
B. H. Paschall, M. D. 

Mary Jane; married J. K. Womack. 

Chariotte Oallihue. 

Robert Scales; died single. 

Robin Sayers and Nancy Crockett, his wife, were both reared in 
Wythe county, Virginia. (The writer chances to know that they were 
related to Mrs. Maggie (Orayson) Williams, wife of Judge and General 
Samuel W. WiDiams, of Wylheville, Va. Samuel W. Williams served as 
Attorney-General for the state of Virginia, being elected in 1007 to this 
office. Gen. Williams is also a descendant of Mary (Dalton) Hughes 

GUMren of RoWa Sayen and His Wife, Nancy Crockett 

Sallie EUioL 


Mary Beatty. 


Abner Sayers was a cousin of this family. 

Miss Annie Bell Crockett goes on to say: "One of my Crockett 
records says that Joseph Crockett married Mrs. Eliza Moore Woodson, 
the daughter of John and Mary Moore, of Albemarie county, Vir- 
ginia. This Mary was a daughter of Matthew Jowett. The Jowett 
fiimtly were Huguenots. Mary Jowett Moore was a great aunt of 
Matthew jowett, the eminent Kentucky artist. 

Polly Crockett, the daughter of Joseph Crockett and his wife, 
Elizabeth Moore, married Bennett Henderson. Their daughter, Joseph- 
ine Henderson, married Mr. Young, and they were parents of Oen. 
Bennett H. Voung, of Louisville, Ky., who was Commander-in-Chief of 
Confederate veterans. 

General Bennett Henderson Voung descends from Thomas Hender- 

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■on, who came lo Jamestown, Va., in 1607, (See Henderson). 

Miss Annie Belt Crockett says also that she has a family recced 
which shows that Martha Martin, a niece ol Qov. Alexander Martin, 
married Alfred Moore Scales, who was s nephew of Absolem Scales 
and the uncle of Cov. Alfred Moore Scales, of North CaroKiuL 

James Scales Dalton, son of Samuel A. DaltOR and his wife, Mary 
Scales, was born not many miles from Madison, in Rockingham coun* 
ty. North Carolina, Aug. 1, 1835. At the beginning of the Civil war he 
enlisted and helped organize a company of infantry from Rockingham 
county, being later elected Lieutenant, and finally Captain. This was 
known as Company C, 45th North Carolina regiment. He served with 
honor and distinction at the Battle of Malvern Hill and at the Battle of 
the Wilderness besides Other engagements. He' was taken prisoner at 
the Battle of the Wilderness, and was imprisoned at Fort Delaware, 
wliere he remained until the close of the war. 

After the war James Dalton settled at Reidsvilfc, North Caralina, 
where for many years he was engaged in the manuhicture of tobacco. 

He married Maggie Reid, a daughter of John J. Reid and Margaret 
Winchester Reid, on Jan. 28. 1875, and lived in Reidsville, N. C, until 
his death in 1906, Tfiey had three children, Maggie Reid Dalton, who 
was born in Reidsville, Feb. 14, 1876; James S. Dalton, bom Feb. 28, 
1878; and William Reid Dalton, born July 20. 1884. 

Maggie Reid Dalton married James Campbell Womack, April 25, 
1894. From this union there was only one child, Margaret Rebecca 
Womack, born in Reidsvifle. North Carolina, Jan. 22. 1899. James C 
Womacb was the son of John Archibald Womack and his wife, Rebecca 
Brown. He was born at Pittsboro, N. C, and died July 26, 1901. Later, 
on Nov. 8. 1905, Mag^e Reid Dalton married Dr. George W. Brittain, a 
druggist of Reidsville, N. C, where they now live (1919). They have 
no children, 

James S. Dalton, bom Feb. 24, 1878, died at ReidsviDe in 1904. He 
was never married. He was educated at Reidsville and at Oak Ridge 
Institute in Guilford county, N. C, 

William Reid Dalton. son of James S. Dalton and his wife, Maggie 
Reid, was educated at Reidsville and at the University of North Car- 
olina. Here he was an academic student until his brother's death in 1904. 
At that time he returned home. He worked in the insurance office of 
Mr. Francis Womack, of Reidsville, until January. 1909, wf>en he r^ 
turned to the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill where he com- 
menced a course in law. In the Spring of 1910 he passed successfully 
the examinations of the University Law School as well as those of the 
Supreme Court of North Carolina at Raleigh, and was admitted to the 
practice of law in 1910. He settled in his home town of Reidsville, N. 
C, where he at once formed a co>partnersbip with Mr. Julius Johnston 
o' Yaneeyville, N. C...and Mr. Allen D. Ivie ot Leaksville, N. C, for the 
practice of law under the firm name of "Johnston, Ivie & Dalton* 

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wtiich continued nntil the death of Mr Johnston in 1914, after whicb 
WillUm Reid Dalton practiced alone. He has served as City Attorney 
for several years, and he is local counsel for the Southern Railway Com. 
pany since 1910. 

He married Emma Mebane Staples, of Roanoke, Va., Jun« 26, 191S. 
She is a daughter of Abram Penn Staples, Dean of the Law School of 
Washington and Lee University at Lexington, Virginia. He was formeriy 
a prominent attorney at Roanoke, Virginia. 

Two children have been bom of this unjon, Wm. Reid Dalton, Jr, 
bom Feb. 2. 19)7: and Sarah Staples Dalton, bom Aug. 24, 1918.. 

Held Ancestry 

Hugh Reid married Jemima Canmn, who lived in Pennsylvania. 
Their son, John Reid, was born in Baltimore, Md., Jan. 10, 1777; died 
July 3, 1844. He married jane Dilworth, of Rockingham, N. C. 

John Reid and his wife, Jane Dilworth, had a son, John Jackson 
Reid, bom Jaa 15, 1817; died Aug. 14, 1853. He h?d only one child, 
Maggie Reid, who married James S. Dalton, and they were the parents 
cti WaGam Reid Dalton, attorn ey-at'4aw In Reidsvitle, N. C 

Moore Coat ot Araw 

ATsent, a moorcock sable, combed and wattled, gules. The aest 
is: On a tuft of grass, vert, a moorcock sable, combed and wattled, 
Sules. "Hie motto i^: "Nihil utile quod no boncstum." 

This IS the coat of arms as used by James Moore of Charleston in 
1700. It is also the coat of arms of the Bernard Moore branch, which 
stifles that there is at least a remote connection between these two 
branches, of the family of Virginia and that of Chadeston, S. C, ol 
-which Maurice Moore of Nortti Carolina, in Colonial and Rev(dutionary 
limes, was a representative. A sketch of his life can be found on page 
47 (Brunswick) Wheeler's History ol North Carofina. He came of 
Illustrious ancestry. Maurice Moore served as Colonial Judge of Morth 
Carolina dong wifli Martin Howard and Richard Henderson. 

QenaaUon I (hi America) 

Bernard Moore married Ann Catherine, eldest daughter of Oover- 
nor Alexander Spottswood. Governor Spottswood Rved in Orange coun- 
tv, Virginia, which adjoins Albemarle county. Bemard Moore was a 
member of the House of Burgesses in 1744. lie was one of the "Knights 
«l fhe (Mden Horseshoe." "Hiey went over the Bloe Itidge mountains 
in 1716. 

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Alexander Spottswood's wife was a niece and ward of James But- 
ler, Duke of Oimand. 

Oencfation n 
Children of Bernard Moore and His Wife, Ann Catherine Spottswood: 

William Moore, of Albemarle county, Va, 

John Moore; married Anne Dandridge; died in Louisa county, Va., 
in 1777. 

There may have been other children. 

WiUJam Moore lived in Albemarle county, Va. His brother, John 
Moore, married Anne Dandridge (see pages 703, 704, Vol. II, "Promi- 
nent Virginia Families" by Dubillet). Since we are trying to carry in 
mind family connection, we state the fact that Anne Dandridge Redd, 
the wife of Samuel Dalton (1699-1802) was an own cousin of Anne Dan- 
dridge, wife of John Moore. 

Mrs. Susan Letitia Rice Clotworthy, of Hillman, Ga., a descendant 
of Samuel Dalton and his wife, Anne, or, as she was often called, Nancy, 
which is another form of the name Anne, Anne Dandridge Redd; and 
also a descendant of Wm, Moore of Albemarle county, Va., through his 
son, Matthew Redd Moore, tells me that she has the will of John Moore 
and that he died in Louisa county, Va., in 1777. 

We are told in the "Life of James Madison," by Caillard Hunt, on 
page 21, that at the christening of James Madison, our President, "John 
Moore, a kinsman of the young mother, was one of the sponsors." 
James Madison was bom in 1751. The writer has old business papers 
of William Moore, of Albemarle county, Virginia. These papers are 
dropfring to pieces with age. 

Oeneratloii in 

Children of William Moore, of Albemarle county, Virginia: 

a. John; married Mary Jowett, a daughter of Matthew Jowett 
His son John married Martha, eldest daughter of John Harvie and his 
wife, who was a Gaines. This John Moore was the first clerk of the 
Superior Court of Oglethorpe county, Ga., 1793 (see "Georgians," by 
Cov. Gilmer). 

b. William; married Mary Marks, of Albemarle county, Va. 

c. Frances; wife of John Henderson. 

d. Edward. 

e. Matthew Redd; married Letitia Dalton. 

f. I 1 — (Moore) Martin; of the Martin -Chi lea-Page line. 

g. ' (Moore) Bullock. 

h. (Moore) Crockett. 

1. ■ (Moore) McAllev; wife of Andrew McAlley. 

John Moore McAlley, son of Andrew McAlley and his wife, 

Moore, served in congress at the «ame time his cousin, Oabriel Moore, 
son of Matthew Redd Moore and his wife, Letitia Dalton, served in the 
Senate from Alabama, 1829-1835. Gabriel Moore wa» abo Governor 
of Alabama. 

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fences Moore, daughter of Wm. Moore, ol Albemarle county, 
Virginia, married Captain John Henderson, whose fte volution a ry service 
has been verified by the D. A. R. Her daughter, Lucy Patterson Hen- 
derson, married Thomas Lewis Gaines, son of Frances and Elizabeth 
Lewis Gaines. This Francis Gaines was a double first cousin of Capt. 
James Gaines, father oi General Edmund Pendleton Gaines, hero ot 
Lake Exie. Hon. John Wesley Gaines, of Nashville, Tenn., is a greai- 
grandson of Capt. John Henderson and his wife, Francis Moore. John 
Wesley Gaines served the Hermitage district in Congress. We givt 
later a certified copy of John Henderson's wiU. 

Many Albemarle county records in reference to this Henderson 
branch an to be found in the Congressional Library at Washington. 
One of the descendants of Thomas Henderson, who came to Jamestown, 
Virginia, in 1607, settled in A1t>emarle county, Yirginia. (See Hender- 

One of the daughters of William Moore, of Albemarle county, Vir- 
ginia, married a Martin. Representatives of this family were Capt. 
William Martin, who married Rachel Dalton. Capt. John Martin ot 
"Rock House" notoriety, and Gen, Joseph Martiru A living represen- 
tative is Senator Thomas Staples Martin (1915). 

.One ot the daughters of Wm. Moore, of Albemarle county, married 
a Bullock; another daughter married a Crockett These two last are 
well-known Southern families. 

Matthew Redd Moore, son of William Moore, cl Albemarie county, 
was born there in 1738. When nineteen years old he was married to 
Letitia Dalton, daughter of Samuel Dalton (1699-1802) and his wife, 
Anne, or Nancy, Dandridge Redd. This marriage took place in 1757 
-when Letitia Dalton was only fifteen years of age. They settled in 
Stokes county, Norfh Carolina, at the foot of Sauraton mountain, where 
he owned a thousand acres of land, including Morris Knob. Samuel 
Dalton died in 1802 at the home of his grandson, Matthew Moore, Jr., 
and of his own daughter, Letitia (Dalton) Moore. This daughter, 
Letitia, died in 1838. aged ninety-six years. They are buried at the foot 
ol Sauraton mountain. Her husband, Matthew Moore, died before she 
ilid (see North Carolina Historical and Genealogical Register, J. R. B. 
Hathaway. Editor, Edenton, N. C, Vol. 1 No. I; Jan., 1901, page 306; 
also Vol. 1, No. 3, July. 190!). 

Some record is given of Matthew Moore's service in Vol, 10, The 
Colonial Records of North Carolina, page 251 : "From M. S. Records 
In office of Secretary of State. Proceedings of the Safety Committee 
In Surry county, Wednesday, Sept. 20, 1775," Among the numlwr 
mentioned was Matthew Moore. 

From M. S. Records, page 255, in office of Secretary of State, 
Thursday, Sept. 21, 1775: 

"Resolved, That for a Committee of Secrecy and Intelligence, this 
Committee has truly elected John Hamlin, Ch.; Joseph Walton, Joseph 
Winston. Richard Ooodc, Jesse Walton, Joseph Phillips, James Doak 
and Matthew Moore. 


tn Wheeler's History of North Carolina, page 407, it can be seen 
that this son of Matthew Redd Moore often served in the Senate of 
North Carolina. 

Wiitiam Moore, of this generatiOTi, married Mary Marks, of Locust 
Hill, Albemarle county, Va. Mary Marks was a daughter of Captain 
John Marks, whose Revolutionary service is established, and his wife, 
Mrs. Lucy (Merewether) Lewis, whose first husband was Col. William 
Lewis, by whom she had Merewether Lewis (see page 75, American 
Monthly Magazine tor February, 1913). 

Generafion IV 
Children of Matthew Redd Moore and his wife, Letitia Dalton: 

Samuel; married Elizabeth Gaines, sister of Edmund Pendleton 

r— Moore; married Susan Martin, sister of General Wm, Martin, 

of Williamson county, Tenn., and of Sally Martin Hughes. 

Gabriel; was Governor of Alabama. 

Matthew Redd, Jr. 

Mary; married Ambrose Gaines. 

There may have been others. 

Mrs. Susan Letitia Rice Clotworlhy, of Hillman, Georgia, is histo- 
rian of the family. She is a great-granddaughter of Samuel Moore and 
his wife, Elizabeth Gaines. Elizabeth Gaines was a sister of Edmund 
Pendleton Gaines, hero of Lake Erie. Mrs. Ch>tworthy Is of double 
Gaines blood (see "Gaines"). 

John Baird Clotworthy was born in Dunover county, County Down, 
Ireland, Jan. 16, 1842. He married Susan Letitia Rice, Oct. 12, 1869. 
She was bom in Sullivan county, Tenn., Sept 13, 1848. 

Children of Susan Letitia Rice and her husband, John Baird Clotworthy: 
Charles William; born Aug. 21, 1871, married Mabelle Affleck, of 

Westfield, New Jersey. 

Hugh Alexander; born Jan. 26, 1878, married Salome G. Bell, o! 

Aikin, S. C. No children. 

John Baird, Jr.; born at Westfield, N. J., Aug. 21, 1893. 

Children of Charles William Qotworthy and his wife, Mabelle Affleck: 

Charles Melville; born Dec. 28, 1895. 

William Rice; born Dec. 28, 1897. 

Russell Gaines; bom Peb. 3, 1899. 

Leram Affleck; born Jan. 10, 1905. 

Virginia; died young. 

Mary Esther; bom July 14, 1912. 

One of the sons of Matthew Redd Moore and his wife, Letitia Dal- 
ton, married his first cousin, Susan Martin, daughter of Captain, later 
R«v., William Martin and his wife, Rachel Dalton, who was daughter of 
Samuel Dalton (1699-1802), of Mayo. Captain William Martin was bom 
in Albemarle county, Va., but came in early life to Pittsylvania county. 
Vb., and during the Revolutinoary war had his family move to Stokes 

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county, N. C, to be near the family of his brother, Col. Jack Martin, 
ol "Rockhouse." Susan Martin Moore lived at Snow Creek, Stokes 
county, N. C. The writer has splendidly written letters of this 
woman. These letters were written to her brother, Oen. WilBam 
Martin, of Williamson county, Tenn. They prove her to have been 
cultured, refined and sympathetic. Their mother, Rachel Dalton Mar- 
tin, lived to be very old. An old letter written from the home of Oen. 
Joseph Winston in Stokes county, N. C, in 1831, by one of her daugh- 
ters, Nancy (Martin) Hughes, speaks of Rachel (Dalton) Martin being 
"very well for one of her age." Capt. WiDiam Martin had died in 
Slokes county, N. C, in 1803. 

Gabriel Moore, son of Matthew Redd Moore and his wife, Leiitia 
(Dalton) Moore, had the best educational advantages of the day. He 
was in college at Chapel Hill, N. C. In Wheeler's History, of N. C it 
can be seen that he served in the Senate of N. C. He' moved to Ala- 
bama, near Huntsvilte. He became Governor of Alabama, and he served 
in U. S. Senate. He was a wealthy farmer and lived on his planta- 
tion near Huntsville, Ata. Later in life, when people had grown wild 
over the possibilities of Texas, he moved to Texas, and here he died. The 
writer has many letters which prove the intimacy of Gabriel Moore and the 
family of her grandfather, Capt. John Hughes (1776-1860). And she 
has letters which show that Gen. William Martin, of Williamson county, 
Tenn., her great uncle, was often on visits to Gov. Moore's family. 

Matthew Redd Moore, Jr., son of Matthew Redd Moore and his 
wife, Letitia (Dalton) Mooie, often served in the Senate of N. C. (see 
Wheeler's History of N. C— Stokes County). Mrs. George C. Good- 
man (nee Anna Moore Wilfong), of Mooresville N. C, enters the 
order of Colonial Dames of America through William Moore, Jr., who 
came from Albemarle county, Va., to North Carolina and became Jus- 
tice of Quorum in 1769. 

Mm. Joha L Cox 

Lorena (Butler) Cox is daughter of Matthew Moore Butler and his 
wife, Mary Taylor Dulaney. Matthew Moore Butler was a son of 
William Fields Butler and his wife, Elizabeth Gaines. And Elizabeth 
Gaines was a daughter of Ambrose Gaines and his wife, Mary Moore. 

Mary Moore was a sister of Gov. Gabriel Moore, and she was 
daughter of Matthew Redd Moore and his wife, Letitia Dalton. And 
Letitia Dalton was daughter of Samuel Dalton (1699-1802), of Mayo, 
who lived in Rockingham county, N, C. 

Ambrose Gaines fought at the Battle of King's Mountain during 
the Revolutionary war. This establishes Mrs. Cox's eligibilty to mem- 
bership to National Society Daughters of the American Revolution. The 
mother of Mrs. Cox, Mary Taylor Dulaney, was a daughter of Dr. 
William Robert Dulaney and his wife, Mary Taylor. Both her grand- 
father and great-grandfather Dulaney served in the Legislature of 
Tennessee. Her grandmother, Mary (Taylor) Dulaney, was a daugh- 
ter of Oen, Nathaniel Taylor, who was with Andrew Jackson at the 

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Battle of Horeeshoe, and at Battle oi New Orleans. Gov. and U. S. 
Senator Robert L. Taylor was first cousin of Mrs. Cox's mother. 

We have already spoken of Gen. Edmund Pendleton Gaines' rela- 
tionship to this family. 

John I. Cox served in the Tennessee Le^slature prior to the time 
he was Governor of Tennessee (1905-1906). He wag later again a 
member of the Legislature. Among other things, while governor, he 
brought about an immigration convention in Nashville in which governors 
of other Southern states took part. The writer, Lucy H. Horton, was 
interested in this convention, because she, at that time, was serving as 
chairman of the D. A. R. State Committee on Immigration. Governor 
Cox is now (1920) postmaster at Bristol, Tennessee, and has be£u for 
four years. Mrs. Cox owns some valuable family relics, jewelry which 
was the gift of Governor Gabriel Moore to one of her ancestors. Site also 
has a miniature of Gov. Moore, and a copy of the will of Matthew 
Moore, which is long and interesting. 

OeneratkM IV 

Jane Dalton, daughter of Samuel Dalton (1699-1802) aod bis wife, 
Anne Daiidridge Redd, of Mayo, married Joseph Winston, who afterward 
became a Major in the American Revi^utionary army. 

Major Joseph Winston was born in Virginina in 1746, and was 
distinguished for gallantry in frontier war with the Indians. In 1776 he 
rt;moved to Surrey county. North Carolina, serving in the campaign 
against the Chercrfcee IndiansL 

Among field officers appointed by the Provincial Congress, which 
met at Halifax, April 4, 1776, we find Joseph Winston ol Surrey coun- 
ty, made 1st Major, and Jesse Walton made 2nd Major (see Wheeler's 
History of North Carolina, page 81). At the Battle of King's Moun- 
tain. Oct. 7, 1780, as Major with Colonel McDowell and'ColoneT Sevier, 
Major Winston commanded the right wing in that fierce and bloody 
battle. Isaac Shelby, also, took a conspicuous part in that engagement. 

Major Joseph Winston was in command of a part of Col. Cleveland's 
men. Cleveland's men were from the counties of Wilkes and Surrey, 
N. C. No officer tn this battle was commander-in-chief. The official 
report was signed by William Campbell, Isaac Shelby and Benjamin 

Benjamin Cleveland commanded more men at Battle of King's 
Mountain than did Col. Shelby or Lieut.-Col. John Sevier or Cd. Mc- 
Dowell. Col. William Campbell was in command of a larger force than 
either one of these (see page 389-91, Andrew Jackson and Early Ten- 
nessee History by S, 0. Heiskel). 

Col. Cleveland is buried on his old plantation in North Carolina. 
One of his children married a child of Gen. Joseph Martin, and one of 
his daughters married Gen. Thomas J. Rusk, who was U. S. Senator 
from Texas for ten years. The Congressional Monument at King's 
Mountain was dedicated Oct. 7, 1909, upon the anniversary of the 
battle, and bears the names of these patriots. 

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Joseph Winston was the first Senator from Stokes county after it 
was cut off from Surry. Stokes county was formed in 1789. He 0CC8- 
»onally served in the legislature as late as 1812. He was a member of 
Congress, 1793-1795, and in 1803-1807. He lived near Germantown, and 
died in 1814, leaving a large family (see Wheeler's History of N. C. II, 
pages 148 and 404). 

In recognition of his services in the Revolutionary war, he was 
voted by the N. C. Legislature a sword. This sword passed first to 
his son, Gen. Joseph Winston, whose wife, by the way, vras Lettie 
Hughes, and later to his grandson, Col. John Hughes Winston, of Platte 
connty. Mo. In Major Joseph Winston's will he gives this sword to his 
son, Jos^b, with the injunction, "Never to use it except in the defense of 
his country." 

In the home of his son. Col. Joseph Winston, later General of 
Militia, in Stokes county, N. C., hung a full length portrait in oil of his 
fi>.ther, Major Joseph Winston, in regimentals. This portrait later hung 
in the home of Col. John Hughes Winston in Platte county, Mo. Be- 
neath the portrait was a table on which was placed this sword, ^ven by 
the N. C. Legislature, and another Winston sword, crossed. Beside 
the swords lay gauntlets trimmed in gold fringe, which were worn by 
Major Joseph Winston during the Revolutionary war. These things 
passed into the hands of Mrs. Frederick Flower, of New York, grand- 
daughter of Col. John Hughes Winston. All were placed by her in a 
building in New York among historical relics. This building some years 
ago was burned. 

Major Joseph Winston died in 1814. His will is dated April 12, 
1814. In this will he named the following children: 

Robert is given lands and personal property. 

Joseph W. gets his homestead, etc. 

Sallv receives his "precious bureau," etc. 

Lewis gets slaves, his watch, etc. 

Samuel gets his diamond shoe buckles, etc. 

Fontaine gets his gold sleeve buttons, etc. 

William is mentioned, and he, with Joseph and Lewis, are made 
executors. Eight thousand acres of land are to be divided. 

He concludes with these lines: 

"My suffering time shall soon be o'er. 
And I shall weep and sigh no more. 
My ransomed soul shall soar away 
To sing God's praise in endless day." 

The town of Winston-Salem was named in honor of Major Joseph 
Winston. His father and his father's brother lived awhile tn Albemarle 
connty, Va., near the Martins and CUrkes, among whom later there were 

Oeneration V 

Gen. Joseph Winston was the son of Major Joseph Winston, of 
King's Mountain fame, and his wife, Jane Dalton, who was daughter ot 

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Samud DaJton (1699-1802), of Mayo, and his wife, Anne Dandndge 

Joseph Winston, Jr., wag bom in StOkts county, Nortti Carolina, 
about 1790. He sometimes represented Stokes county in the legisla- 
ture. He was a member of the legislature in 1831 (see Wheeler's His- 
tory of North Carolina). His leaving home for Raleigh at this time is 
spoken of in a letter written by his wife's mothei', Nancy (Martin) 
Hughes, to her son, Archelaus Hughes, in Williamson county, Tennes- 
see. The writer has this old letter (see "Martin"), 

Joseph Winston was Major rn a North (^rolina regiment sta- 
tioned at Norfolk, Virginia, in War of 1812, and served to the end. He 
was appointed Brigadier General of IMilitia and advanced to Major- 
Oeneral. He married about 1813, a cou»n of his, Letitia Dalton Hughes. 
She was often called by the family "Lefty." She was a daugfiter of 
Archelaus Hughes, Jr., and his wife, Nancy Martin. She was grand- 
daughter of Colonel Archelaus Hughes of the Revolution and his wife, 
Mary Dalton, On the maternal ade she was granddaughter of Captain 
and Rev. William Martin, of the Revolution, and his wife, Rachel Dal- 
ton, Rachel (Dalton) Martin was still living in 1831. 

General Joseph W. Winston moved with his family from Stokes 
county. North Carolina, in 1839 to Platte county, Missouri, when this 
was known as the Platte Purchase. He is supposed to have been 
drowned in the Missouri river at his town of Winston, above Park- 
ville. He was last seen there. His wife died in Nov., 1855. 

Oeneration VI 

Colonel John Hughes Winston, son of General Joseph W. Winston 
and his wife, Letty Hughes, was born in Stokes county. North Carolina, 
Jan. 22, 1815. His mother named him John Hughes for a favorite 
uncle. Captain John Hughes, of Patrick county, Virginia, who afterward 
moved to Williamson county, Tenn. These two branches were doubly 
related. Two brothers, Archelaus, jr., and John Hughes, sons of Col. 
Archelaus Hughes, married two sisters, Nancy and Sallie Martin — and 
they were cousins. All were descendants of Samuel Dalton, of Mayo 
(see "Martin"). 

John Hughes Winston went to Platte county, Missouri, in 1837 
and settled seven miles southeast of Platte City. Dec. 4, 1839, he 
married Elizabeth, daughter of William S. Debbs and his wife, Lydia 
Kennedy, who died Dec. 1, 1886. John Hughes Winston was for many 
years a Major in a Platte county militia regiment, and when the war 
between the States broke out his Southern enthusiasm and military 
qualifications pointed him out as the proper person to raise a regiment 
in Platte county for the Confederate states. In July and August, 1861, 
a military camp was formed near his residence, called Camp Cain. Here 
a regiment was organized with companies under command of Captains 
Chiles, Chrisman, Chestnut, McKennie, Miller and others. They hasten- 
ed to join Price and took part in sdge and surrender of Lexington. This 
re^menl was at Pea Ridge, Corinth and other important fields. In 

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the Spring oi 1864, Col. Winston, by order of Gen. Price, returned to his 
home to raise recruits and to help them on their way South. While on 
this duty he was arrested by a detail of Federal troops, and was kept a 
fp.ilitary prisoner until the close of the war, or at>out twenty months. 
He was often ttireatened with death as a spy. He served in the State 
Senate for four years. He was a man of commanding person, military 
bearing, sound judgment and unblemished honor. Mrs. Elizabeth Win- 
ston was a tall and dignified lady, formal and precise in her address, 
polite and genial in her conversation, and amiable in her disposition. 
CUIdren of CoL John Hughes Wfaitton 
IL Lydia Winston was born Aug. 14, 1843; married Feb. 2, 1865, to 
Milton E. Clark, a banker of Leavenworth, Kansas. She spends much of 
her time in Massachusetts. Children: 

a. Nellie E. Qark was born Dec. 13, 1866, married Sept. 8, 1892, to 
Lieut. Stephen M. Hadons. 

b. Cora Qark; bom Aag. 6, 1868, married Mr, Pullion, of New 

c Hilda Clark; bom Dec. 16, 1873; married Frederick Flower, a 
banker of New York on Wall Street He is a nephew of Oovernor 

2. Cora A. Winston; born Sept. 17, 1844; married May 2, 1864. 
Judge WiBiam H. Woodson, who was tnm Jan. 16, 1840. She <vas a 
-woman of rare charm and grace of manner. Her husband was dis- 
tantly related to her. He is a son of Samuel Hughes Woodson, of Inde- 
pendente, Missouri; was circuit Judge and member of congress; city at- 
tumey of Liberty, Mo., 1867; proeecufing attorney oi Gay county, 
1876-8D; and judge of probate, 1884-90. He commenced the practice 
of law in Platte county, Mo., in 1864, and was soon at the head of his 
profession. He enlisted eariy in General Price's army, and was assistant 
adjutant general of the Missouri state guard. Children: 

a. Winston Woodson; bom Aug. 29, 1865; died Nov. 18, 1891. 

b. Samuel Hug^s Woodson; bom March 4, 1867; cfied Oct 7, 

e. Elizabeth T.; bom Oct. 17, 187a 

d. William H.; bom Feb. 21, 1874 

e. Arch L.; born Jan. 8, 1876. 

t. Lydia K.; bomOct. 14. 1877. 
g. Joseph L. A.; bom May 23, 1880. 
h. Everard M.; bom Dec. 77, 1882. 

3. Harry C. Winston, after graduating at WilTiam Jewell College, 
Columbia Law School, and at Washington, D. C, Law School, settled 
at Kansas City, Missouri, where he is succeeding at the practice ot liiw. 

4. George F. Winston, graduated at Wm. Jewel College and took 
a course in law. He is practicing In Kansas Gty. Missouri 


118 DAhTON 

5. Alg. Sidney Winston. On April 10, 1883, married Amanda, 
daughter ol James Duncan and his wife, Sarah Tracy. Children; 

a. Joseph. 

b. Harry. 

c. Bessie. 

d. John. 

U. Louisa Winston was bom in North Carolina. She married Mr. 
Frost, Who died in North Carolina. She came to Platte county, Missouri, 
in 1839, bringing with her two children: 

1. Elizabeth Frost married Col. John Pitt. Col. Pilt died June 19, 
1884. Mrs. Pilt was a handsome and lovely woman, graceful and fas- 
cinating in manner. Col. Pitt was a man of genial manners and spark- 
ling wit. He represented his county in the legislature, and the district 
in a constitutional convention. They left four children: 

(a) James F. Pitt; a leading lawyer of St. Joseph, Missouri. 

(b) Lula; born Sept. 13, 1853; married Feb. 28, 1881. Dr. Guild- 
ford Yorkom, who was born in 1844. Children: Helen Yorkom, born 
Oct. 31, 1882. 

(c) Katie; bom 1856, died Dec. 4, 1889. She married George M. 
Dameron, Sept. 21, 1876. Children: 

Warren Dameron. 

(d) Lettie Pilt; married R. Weller. Children: 
John C, James, Elizabeth. 

2. James E. Frost; married Jennie E. Almond, Dec. 19, 1859. Chil- 

Addie Frost. 

III. Matthew Hughes Winston, born 1830; died March 25, 1864. 
He never married. 

IV. Joseph Winston; died 1864. He went to California to live. 
He was elected probate judge and died in office. 

V. Samuel Winston; married Letitia, daughter of Ed. M. Dobsim, 
March 14, 1878. He served as a captain in bis brother's regintent. He 
was captured by the enemy and served a long imprisonmenL His 
children live in Jackson county, Missouri. 

VL Ann Powell Winston; married Dr. Charles Macey, who died in 
1847. They had been married just one year when she died, leaving 
him with one child, Joseph Winston Macey. 

Later Dr. Macey married a cousin of his first wife who had acted 
as bridesmaid at his first marriage, Jeancy Hughes Neill. Of this mar< 
riage there was one issue, Charles Hughes Macey. Charies H. Macey 
was attending college in Kentucky when the war between the Slates 
broke out. He joined the Confederate army and was killed at the 
battle of Perryville. Joseph Winston Macev, the elder brother, was 
also a Confederate soldier. He married a Miss Oldham and lives in 

The second wife of Dr. Macey was an own aunt to Mrs. Ryland 
Todhunter, of Lexington, Missouri, whom she reared. Mrs. Macey's 
second husband, Mr. Samuel Wilson, of t.exington, Missouri, was a man 


% wealth (something of Hughes-Winston genealogy can be 
seen in History of Platte county. Ma). 

We will copy extracts from a book written by Mrs. Elizabeth 
Winston Campbell Hendrichs, of Washington, D. C, showing further 
Hughes-Winston connection. 

These references were furnished me by U. S. Senator E W. Pettus 
of Alabama, in September, 1906. 

I. Isaac Winston, the Saxon emigrant; about 1740 he married in 
Virginia, Mary Ann Fontaine. Their son, Peter Winston, married Eliz- 
abeth Powell. Their son, John Winston, married Miss Austin. Their 
daughter, Mary Ann Winston, married Peter De Noville. Their daugh- 
ter, Susie Bright, married Mr. Hughes. 

Q. Sarah Winston, a granddaughter of Isaac Winston, the emi- 
grant, and mother of Patrick Henry, had a daughter named Lucy Henry 
who married Valentine Wood. And their daughter married Judge Peter 
Johnston. And their son, Charles Jc^nston, married Emely Preston. 
And their daughter, Elizabeth, married Judge Robert Hughes. 

3. William Winston, one of the emigrants, about 1730 married 
Sarah Dabney, who was the mother of Judge Edmund Winston and 
Sarah Winston, the mother of Patrick Henry. William Winston and his 
wife. Sarah Dabney, had another daughter named Mary Ann, who married 
Dr. John Walker. Their son. also named Dr. John Walker, mi rried Susan 
Christian. Their daughter, Maria Walker, married Dr. M. Spencer. And 
their daughter, Ann Spencer, married B. Nowlan. And their daughter, 
Virginia Nowlan, married John Hughes. 

We will quote from letter of U. S. Senator E. W. Pettus, of Alaba- 

"So far as I am informed, my first known ancestor, on the Winston 
side, was Isaac Winston, of York, England. Three of his grandsons, 
Isaac, William and Anthony, settled in Hanover county, Virginia, Isaac 
Winston, the Saxon, was my first American ancestor and lived in 
Hanover county, Virginia, before 1700. His son, Anthony, married Alice 
Taylor, Sept. 29, 1723, and lived in Hanover and had a son named 
Anthony, born Nov. 27, 1752, and married, and the last Anthony was 
my grandfather. He moved to Buckingham county, Va., and married 
Kesta Jones in 1776. My mother was Alice Taylor Winston, and my 
father was John Pettus. of Fluvana county, Va. My grandfather. An- 
thony Winston, moved to Davidson county, Tenn., with his family and 
lived near "The Hermitage." Later in life he followed his children to 

"Edmund Winston, of Franklin, Tenn., who died last year, was a 
son of my uncle, Edmund Winston, of Lagrange, Tennessee." Then 
Senator Pettus adds bv way of P. S. — "General Wade Hampton's brother 
was a Preston, and she was of the Winston stock." 

Edmund Winston, of Franklin, Tenn., referred to in this letter, 
married Josephine Cocke, of Chattanooga, Tenn., who came of a well 
known Virginia family. His father, Edmund Winston, of Lagrange, 

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Tenn., was a fine type of the ante bellum Southern guitleman. 

Old people in th« family often speak of the Winslon-Hughes- 
Hantpton connection. 

Editnmd W. Pflttus 

Edmund W. Pettus served Alabama in United States senate. He 
was a man of ability, and his character was such that he held the 
friendship of Senator Pugh over whom he was elected to the U. S. 
senate. Indeed, the friendship of Pugh, Morgan and Pettus, and the 
combined effort of these men for public good, caused them to be spoken 
of sometimes as "Alabama's great triumvirate." 

Pettus was a man who was largely quoted by newspaper men 
about Washington. He was held in great veneration by them. "But 
his quaint old-fashioned simplicity, his unfailing good nature, his con- 
stant droll humor, terse and frank speech, combined to make him a 
frequent source of interest, especially to those whose mission it was to 
supply anecdotes of public men." Sometimes these publications were 
a bit trying on him, but with his unfailing philosophy he would say, 
"Well, I suppose I am legitimate prey". 

He by no means escaped life's sorrows. His son, Frank Pettus, 
who was an honored leader among strong men in Alabama, died in 
the prime of life. Hie beloved wife, the companion of his youth and old 
age, passed over the river before him. Only a few months before her 
death he had spoken of her as "the handsomest 88-year-old girl in the 
land." Senator Pettus was a man trusted iii his larger sphere just as 
he had at home been honored, trusted and beloved, a man to inspire 
fresh faith in human nature. 

John A. Winston. Governor of Alabama 1853-57, was ctoselv 
related to U. S. Senator Pettus, of Alabama. Winston county, Alabama, 
was named for the Oovernw. 

OeiwraUon IV. 

Matilda, daughter of Samuel Dalton <1699-t802), of Mryo, and 
his wife, Anne (Dandridge) Redd, married Jonathan Hanby, one of 
Francis Marion's lieutenants. Hanby is sometimes spoken of in history 
as Francis Marion's "right hand." 

Hanby first joined Marion when he had comparitively few men 
under his command. Sometimes Marion had 400 or 500 men under his 
command. Not only had he the Britisti to fight, but the Tories as well. 
Nowhere in the whole country was the proportion of Tories as large as 
In South Carolina. 

After Oen. Greene succeeded Gen. Gates, Lieut.-C<d. Lee and his 
legion served under Gen. Marion. 

Jonathan Hanby and his wife made Charieston, S. C, their home for 
a time. Here their friendship for Francis Marion was renewed. After 
Marion was past fifty years of age he married Miss Mary Videau, one 
of Charieston's most attractive daughters. She, like Marion, was of 

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Huguenot stock, and was wealthy. We note the [act that Prince Murat, 
ot hrance, said that he found the "best and most cultured society in 
Charleston, South Carolina, that he had ever met this side of the Attan< 
tic." We quote this because it gives some insight into Southern culture 
in the early days (see Confederate Veteran for March, 1915, page 116). 
Judge Joshua Caldwell, ot Knoxville, Tenn., who was related to this 
Hanby family, told the writer of a portrait of Matilda (Dalton) Hanby. 
This portrait was in the home of some family connection in Charleston 
at the time of Matilda Hanby's death. Several descendants were contend- 
ing hotly for possession of the portrait when, in jerking it around, a 
slip of paper fell from the frame. On this paper was written in Matilda 
Hanby's own handwriting directions about the disposition of the por- 
tiait. Judge Caldwell descends from Matilda Hanby's sister, Mary 
Dalton Hughes. 

Oeneiatloft IV 

Virginia Dalton, daughter oi Samuel Dalton (1699-1802), of Mayo, 
married a brother of Captain Jonathan Hanby. 

We know from old family papers that some of the Hanby con- 
nection lived in Patrick county, Va, The names of several Hanby men 
are given in the old Masonic Chapter minutes when Capt. John Hughes 
(1776-1860) was master of The Way To Be Happy Lodge. Capt. 
Hughes was made master of this lodge when little more than twenty 
years of age. He moved from Patrick county, Va., to Williamson 
county, Tennessee, in 1828. We learn by an old letter written to him 
trom Patrick county, V^., by his lawyer — the name \i torn, but it looks 
like Sandfin — that a lawsuit, Hughes against Hanby. was in progress, 
in this leter Mr. Sandfin says something about notifying Mrs. Hanby, 
:iiid he ha t written to Jonesville, N. C, and took Cot. Kelley's depo- 
sition. He says, "Major Carter attended taking of deposition to cross- 
examine." He speaks of Mrs, Hanby's bdng Major Carter's daughter. 
Then he says: "It is far from me to wish to be the instrument of pro- 
moting or of increasing differences between connections and once con- 
fidential friends. On the contrary, my desire is now, and ever was, as 
far as my feeble efforts would extend, to endeavor to conciliate." This 
old letter bears the date May 7, 1832, and is quite a long and friendly 
letter. One thing he says makes us appreciate the frequent mails of 
to-day: "The Western mail only comes here once a fortnight (on 
Wednesday)." ^nd the market of "— *ime was In strong contrast 
with to-day (1917). He says, "Everything we have for market here Is 
very low indeed — com 716 per barrel, bacon 6% cents per pound." 

When the heirs of Samuel Dalton (1699-1802) employed William 
L. Yancey to look after their interest in the estate of Lord John Dalton 
in Great Britam, one of the heirs mentioned was; Jonathan Carter. 

Samuel Dalton was married to Nancy, or Anne (which is one and 
the same name) Dandridge Redd in 1740, the year in which Gov. 
Spottswood (fied. 

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George Redd married Ann Dandridge. They were parents of Ana 
Dandridge Redd, wife of Samuel Dalton, of Mayo. 

On page 166, Vol. I, of "Old Churcties and Families in Virginia," 
by Meade, we can see tfiat Gov. Spottswood's daughter, Catherine, mar- 
ried Bernard Moore. Another daughter, Dorothea, married Nathaniel 
Dandridge. On pages 703-704 of "Prominent Virginia Families" by 
Dubillet, Vol. 2, we learn something of Bernard Moore's marriage to 
Ann Catherine, eldest daughter of Gov. Alexander Spottswood; and 
that Gov. Spottswood's wife was a niece and ward of James Butler, Duke 
of Ormand. Bernard Moore was a member of the House of Burgesses 
in 1716. One of their children, John Moore, married Annie Dandridge. 

George Redd's wife was Annie Dandridge, a daughter of Nathaniel 
Dandridge and his wife, Dorothea Spottswood. 

George Redd and his wife, Annie Dandridge, were parents o! Annie 
Dandridge Redd, wife of Samuel Dalton (1699-1802), of Mayo. 

William Moore, of Albemarle county. Va., and his son, Matthew 
Moore, who married Letitia, daughter of Samuel Dalton (1699-1802), 
descend from Bernard Moore and his wife, Ann Catiierine Spottswood. 
In Virginia and throughout the South cousins often married each other 

Members of this family of Redd intermarried with the Woodsons 
of Goochland county, Va. (see page 160, Virginia County Records, 1909). 
Samuel Dalton (1699-1802) and his wife, Anne, or Nancy, as she was 
sometimes called, have descendants who have intermarried with the 
Woodsons since early colonial times. 

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Coat of Amu 

Ancient Aims of Martin. 

Ar. two bars gu. Crest-out of a mural crown vert, a talbot's head 
eared and langued gu. Collared of the first. 
Motto: "Sure and steadfast." 

The coat of arms of Colonel John Martin and of our immigrant 
ancestor, Joseph Martin, of Caroline county, Virginia, is: Gules, a 
chevron between three crescents argent (see page 89, Crozier's Gener- 
al Armory). (En painting, place this beneath the Ancient Arms of Mar- 

In the eariy years of the eighteenth century two kinsmen. Colonel 
John Martin and Joseph Martin, came from Great Britain to live in 
Caroline county, Virginia. The fathers of these two men were broth- 

Ccri. joba Maftin 

Col. John Martin was a member of the fiouse of Burgesses from 
Caroline county, Virginia, at the sessions o! Nov., 1738, and May, 1740; 
and for King William county, where he later lived, at the sessions of 
1752. '53, '54, '55, and 'Se. He died in 1756 (see page 198, Virginia 
Magazine of History and Biography, for October, 1905). From order 
books of Caroline county court proceedings it can be seen that a deed 
was recorded October 17, 1752, from George and John Martin, of the 
City of Bristol, merchants, by John Martin, Jr., gentlemen of Virginia. 
George and John Martin of the City of Bristol, merchants, were broth- 
ers of Joseph Martin, of Virginia (see page 409, Annual Report of the 
American Historical Association for the year 1893. See also note at 
foot of page. Col. John Martin and Joseph Martin married into the 
same family. This we shall prove later. 

While Col. John Martin moved from Caroline county to King Wil- 
liam county, Va., Joseph Martin moved from the same county to Al- 
bemarle county, Va, Of him we shall write later. With him went 
Thomas Martin, one of the sons of Col. John Martin. We see in the 
Genealogy of the Lewis Family in America, by William Ferrell Lewis, 
on page 360, that this Thomas Martin was the father of Major John 

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Martin, of Albemarle, Va., who married Elizabeth Lewis in 1775. 

It can be seen (pages 197, 198, 199, Virginia Magazine of Histwy 
and Biography, for October, 1905) that Col. John Martin, of Carolike 
county, and Joseph, brother of George Martin, merchant of Bristol, 
England, were ckbc . < . ■ . i„s A', of Withy Bush House, 

County Pembroke. Col. John Martin is the brother spoken of in Sparks 
Martin's will. One can see a copy of this will on page 197 of magazine 
referred to above. It reads as follows: 

"All Diy manor of Pindergast, with all Royalties, Profits, etc., from 
lands in County Pembroke, Haverlordwest County, Middlesex, City 
of Bristol, or elsewhere in Great Britain, to my sister, Elizabeth Phelps, 
for life, subject to charges made upon certain of my estate through the 
will of my late wife, Martha Martin, to be held in trust by Right Honor- 
able Richard Phitipps, Lord Milford of Kingdom of Ireland, and the 
Right Honorable William (Edwards) Lord Kensington, of Kingdom of Ire- 
land, to preserve to her use the said estates and after her to her son 
Thomas Phelps, and oldest son in succes^on, faiGng him, to John 
Phelps, second son of my said sister EGzabeth, and his heirs, failing 
him, to my brother Henry, who went to Virginia in America many 
years ago, and eldest son in succession, failing him, to my brother, 
John Martin, who also went to Virginia many years ago. Whoever 
inherits to lake the name and arms of Martin. To my housekeeper, 
Mary Probert, five pounds a year for life. To Elizabeth Probert, 
her sister, five pounds a year for life. To Martha Jones, 
five pounds a year for life. Executrix, Elizabetli Phelps. Witnesses: 
Thos. Ormes, Junior; Hannah Wills, Joseph Wilte, all of Charles Square, 

At the time of the American Revolution some, or all, of Col. John 
Martin's sons were residents of Great Britfain, or were Tories. A 
petition dated January 12. 1784 from James, Lord Clifden, and Edmund 
Perry, Esq., Speaker of the Irish House of Commons; and a petition 
from George Martin, merchant of Bristol England, a brother of Joseph 
Martin, of Virginia, to the same end, was made to the Virginia House 
of Delegates in behalf of Lucia, eldest daufihter of John Martin, Esq., 
wife of Lord Clifden, and Patty, youngest daughter of the above 
mentioned John Martin, wife of Edmund Pery, Viscount Pery, Speaker 
of the House of Commons of Ireland 1771-1785. This petition was 
in regard to a certain estate which was escheated. 

In the Vtr^nia Gazette for December 8-15, 1738, is advertised a 
reward for the return of a diver pint cup, fluted on both sides, which 
had been stolen from Col. John Martin, of Caroline county. It had 
engraved on it his coat of arms, "a chevron between three half moons" 
(see also page 89, Crozier's General Armory-Gules, a chevron between 
three crescents argent). 

CoL John Martin married Martha Burwell, a kinswoman of the 
Page family (see page 220. The Old South, by Thomas Nelson Page). 

At "Clifton," in (Caroline county, is her tomb with the fc^wing io- 


scription (see W. and M. Q., X[, 146; also Virginia Magazine of Hist- 
ory and Biography for Oct. 1905, page 199): 

"Interred beneath this atone, 
lies the body of Mrs. 
Martha Martin, wife ol CoL 
John Martin, of Carohne 
County, and daughter of 
Lewis Burwell, Esq., of Glos»- 
ter County, who departed this 
hfe the 271h of May, 1738, in 
the 36th year of her age, apd left 
three sons and four daughters." 

Col. John Martin's kinsman, Joseph Martin, first of Caroline county, 
later of Albemarle county, Va., married Susanna Chiles, a descend- 
ant of CoL John Page, founder of the Page family in Virginia. Thus 
we Kee that these two men married into the same family. 

The celebrated English portrait painter, George Romney, who 
was born in Dalton, on the coast of Cumberland, Dec. 15, 1734, gave 
to the world gems in hts line of work. "He painted many ladies as 
allegorical subjects. One of his pictures shows Caroline, Viscountess 
Clifdenand Lady Elizabeth Spencer, afterward Countess of Pembroke, as 
'Beauty and the Arts.' " The latter was a reigning beauty. Walpole 
wrote of her, "Lady Pembroke alone, at the head of the Countesses, 
was the picture of majestic modesty." In this picture Viscountess Clifden 
is seen sketching a Greek model, while the Countess of Pembroke is 
playing on a harp. Viscountess Clifden was the mother of Lord Clifden, 
Lucia Martin's husband. 

Orlgfat of Martin 

Col. John Martin and his kinsman Joseph Martin, both of Caroline 
county, Va., who came to America in the early years of the eighteenth 
century, were descended from the Barons or Cemmsd, or Kemeys. 

Eleanor Lexington in the Na^ville American of Aug. 28, 1904, 
ttlls us that "The firet Baron of Cemmies was Martin de Tours (born 
1C30), who came over from Normandy with William the Conqueror and 
made conquest of Cemmaes, or Kemeys, in Pembroke county, England, 
about 1077. He was also made Lord of Combe-Martin, of Martinshoe, 
in the northern part of Devon. (His son. Baron Robert Fitz-Martin, 
married Maud Peverell). 

"Martin de Tours founded a monastery for Benedictine monks near 
Cardegan. This institution was endowed with lands by Robert f^tz-Martin, 
son of the founder, Martin de Tours, andhissucessorsweresuummoned to 
the King's Council as Barons of Cemmxs, and continued to be Lords of 
the English Parliament. The third Baron married Augharad, daughter 
of Rhys, PriiKe of Wales. More than one knight, or man-at-arms, are 
recorded in the Roll of Battle Abbey as bearing the narae Martin." 

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It is perhaps superfluous to explain ol what the Roll of Battle 
Abbey consisted. On Oct. 4, 1066, A. D., the Battle of Hastings was 
fought, and William the Norman was seated on the throne of England, 
under the historic title of William the Conqueror. Close by the field 
of Hastings, William caused a stately pile to be erected which was 
named Battle Abbey, in commemoration of his victory. A roll, or 
catalogue, was prepared in which was carefully recorded the names 
and titles of the Norman chivalry who had followed William's banner 
in the enterprise. This was the famous Roll of Battle, or "Battle Abbey." 
It has been of inestimable service to the herald, the genealogist, and 
the historian. 

Some portions of the Abbey still remain. Battle Abbey was ded- 
icated to St. Martin. 

Eleanor Lexington says that "the patron saint of the family is St. 
Martin, the son of a Roman military tribune, who was born at 
Sabarda, a city in Hungary, about 316 A. D. The saint attained great 
celebrity on account of his sanctity. The festival of St. Martin, which 
occurs Nov. II, was instituted by Pope Martin about 650 A.< D. Upon 
that day casks of new wine were tapped. Our English ancestors kept 
the feast by the consummation of roasted goose. The old tradition is 
that St. Martin hid himself on acconul of his unwillingness to become 
a Bishop, but his retreat was discovered through a goose. It would be 
well for Martin descendants in this country to keep this feast by the 
consummation of roasted goose. The writer herself has celebrated Nov. 
1 1 by having the family enjoy roast goose at dinner. 

No less than seven churches in London and Westminster are dedi- 
cated to St. Martin. 

In the reign of King John, in 1208. the town of Newport was in* 
corporated by a charter granted by William Martin, Lord of Kemes. 

Newport Castle, founded by Martin de Tours, is believed to have 
been completed by his great-grandson. Sir William Martin, son of Wil- 
liam Martin, who married the daughter of Lord Rhys Ap Gryffidith, 
Prince of South Wales. His son and heir, William Martin, was bom 
in II60. And this last William Martin's brother, "Sir Oliver Martin, 
who was bom at Darlington House about 1165, was the ancestor of 
the Irish branch of the family; accompanied King Henry II, in 1186, in 
the conquest of Ireland. In 1193 he accompanied Richard Cceur de Lion 
to the Holy Land, and shared his captivity" (see pages 495 and 496. 
Colonial Families of the U. S., by George Norbury McKenzie. Vol. 2.). 

Wlliam Martin is a name still honored in Europe. When Germany 
and the allied powers signed the Treaty of Peace, June 28. 1919, at Ver- 
sailles, France, William Martin was the Master of Ceremonies. He 
escorted the German plenepotentiaries to the signatory table, where 
they signed the Treaty (see Nashville Tennessean for June 29, 1919, 
page I). 

Wflaani Martin, of Brtstcri, England 

William Martin was born at the manor of PindergasI in Pembroke 
Digiized by Google 

TOARTm iffr 

*ooufity, England, about the middle of the seventeenth century. This 
onanor and the estate of his father passed to the eldest son, feither of 
Sparks Martin, whose will we have «corded- William, being a young^ 
«on, entered the mercantile business in Bristol, England. He carried on 
■an extensive American trade. Seeing that his youngest son, Joseph, 
was about to contract an undesirable 4narriage, he sent him as super- 
cargo to Virginia in the early years of the eighteenth century. 

ChJMreii of WOUain Martla, of Brlst<^ England 

George; succeeded 4iis father as merchant in Bristol, England. 


Joseph, who came to America. 


There may -have been others. See annual Repoit of American 
Historical Association for 1893, in article: "Gen. Joseph Martin and the 
War Of the Revolution in the West," by Stephen B. Weeks. 

Generation 1 in America 

Generation \ m America: Joseph Martin. 

Joseph Martin was the youngest son of William Martin, merchant, 
<of Bristol, England, and brother of George Martin, later mer- 
chant of Bristol, Eng. William Martin did extensive business, including 
much American trade. At this time Bristol was the second city in the 
Kingdom in size. Seeing that his son, Joseph, was about to contract 
ar undesirable English -marriage, William Martin fitted out one of his 
vessels, called the "Brice." which, by the way, came to be a family 
n.' me, and sent Joseph, as supercargo, to Virginia. Joseph seems given 
to the "tender passion," for there he soon fell in love with and married 
Su5?nna Chiles, daughter of one of the oldest and most respected 
iamilies in the province. Joseph Martin is described as "a perfect En- 
glishman, possessing all the arrogance and self-important air, charac- 
teristic of them as a nation. He was bold, self-willed, supercilious, 
"with the highest sense of tionor." His wife, Susanna, is ispoken of as 
"'a most amiable woman" (see VoL 8, Virginia Magaline cA History and 
Biography. Also report of American Historical Association tor the year 
18^, pages 409 and 475). After his marriage, Josep^i Martin moved 
Irom Caroline county, Va., to Albemarle county in the same state. 

A lineal descendant of Joseph Martin and his wife, Susanna Chiles, 
has entered the patriotic order of Colonial Dames through the Martin- 
Chiles-Page line. This is Mrs. Befty Hairston Ingles, of Virginia. Proofs 
for her Colonial Dames papers were given by one of Virginia's finest 
genealogists, Sally Nelson Robins, as follows: 

"Colonel John Page, member of the King's Council, was the father 
of Mary Page, who married Walter Chiles (see Vol. XIX, pages 104, 
"in. 324, and 437 of Vireinia Magazine of History and Biographyl. 
For the two Walter Chiles in this line who were both members of the 

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House of Burgesses, snd Susanna Chiles, wife of Joseph Martin, see 
Ibid. For Martin, see same magazine; see also, Vol. XIII, page 2; also 
William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. V, page 272, which carries line to 
Mrs. Betty Hairston In^^es' branch. For offices of ancestors, see Sta- 
nard's Colonial Virginia Register." 

Lucy Henderson Horton, writer of this family history, is also a 
lineal descendant of Joseph Martin and his wife, Susanna Chiles, throu^ 
hii son, Capt. William Martin, of Revolutionary fame. Mrs. Betty Hair- 
ston Ingles descends from Joseph Martin and his wife, Susanna Chiles, 
through his son, Gen. Joseph Martin, of Revolutionary fame. We give 
an extended sketch of Capt. Wm. Martin and his brothers. General 
Joseph and Col. John Martin of "Rock House," and Brice Martin else- 

Colonel John Page was a nephew of Sir Francis Wyatt. Henry 
Tylor, ancestor of President Tylor, was also a nephew of Sir Francis 
Wyatt (see "Vital Facts About Jamestown, Yorktown, Williamsburg, 
College of William and Mary — prepared by students of the College of 
William and Mary in honor of the attendance of the President of the 
I.'. S. Oct. 19, 1921.") 

"Sir Francis Wyatt (1575-1644) was appointed Governor of Virpnta 
in 1621. Ht brought from England a constitution upon which subse- 
quent forms of government in the colonies were modeled. Trial by 
jury, an annual assembly convoked by the Governor, an executive veto 
power, and the concurrance of the Virginia Company and the Colonial 
Assembly in all acts, were features. He governed from 1621 to 1626 
and from 1639 to 1642" (see page 728, EKctionary of United States 
History by Jameson). ^ 

A living representative of the Page family is Thomas Nelson Page, 

In Vol. 8, Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, is found i 
sketch of Gen. Joseph Martin, son of Joseph Martin and his wife, Susarf- 
na Chiles. The original of this sketch is found among the Draper 
Manuscripts in the Wisconsin State Library. The sketch was originally 
written by Colonel WilDam Mr.rtin, of Dixon Springs, Tenn., for Lyman 
C. Draper in 1842. We will say in pas^ng that there were two William 
Martins in Tennessee. This Col. Martin, of Dixon Springs, and Col. 
William Martin, of Williamson county, were grandsons of Joseph Mar- 
tin and his wife, Susanna Chiles. In thi^ sketch ^^illiam Martin says: 

"My grandmother — that is, Susanna Chiles Martin — was one of 
the best of womankind. Her parents were of English descent. They 
raised a large family of children, all highly respectable, and from whom 
have descended an immense offspring, as the Waller, Carr, Lewis, 
Markes, Overton, Minor, Terry, Chiles, etc., now spread mostly through 
the South and West." 

We are told that after the death of Susanna Chiles Martin, Joseph 
Martin married again; was unhappy; took to drink; and died in Albemarle 
county, Va., in 1760, leaving a large estate. 

We are sorry we cannot follow up the lines of descent of the 



daughters of Joseph Martin and his wife, Susanna Chiles; but they 
had four sons — 

Scms f)f Joseph Mwtin and Hit Wfe, Susanna GhBes 
(Generation II in America) 

(1) General Joseph Martin (1740-taoe). 

(2) Captain WiUiam Martin (1742-1809). 

(3) Colonel "Jack" Martin ol "Rock House". 

(4) Captain Brice Martin. 

The daughters married into the Minor, Lewis, Clark, Waller, Over- 
ton, Carr and Edward lamilies. We know the name of only one, 
Martha Martin, who married INnnfret Waller, Sr., born Jan. 20, 1747. 
She died June 20, 1813, and is buried at "Belmont," on Leatherwood 
Creek, Henry county, Va. 

OenenJ Joseph Martin 

Joseph Martin, son of Joseph Martin and his wife, Susanna Chiles, 
wag born in Albemarle county, Va., and died in Henry county, Va., in 
1808. As a boy he was roving in dispoaition and ungovernable. 
When a young man he was a boon companion to Sumpter, afterwards 
of South Carolina, and Benjimin Cleveland, a kinsman, who was reared 
in an adjoining county. Orange. Martin had settled in this county 
after his marriage to Sarah Lucas in 1762. These three men were 
imbued with the reckless spirit of the day; gambling was a favorite 
pastime. They worked but little, depending on hunting, gambling, and 
trading for a livelihood. With maturer manhood they settled down 
to lives more earnest. 

Martin's first contribution to the onward movement ol English 
civilization was his attempt at the settlement of Powell Valley, which 
included Cumberland Gap. In 1769, he made a stand twenty miles 
north of Cumberland Gap, which has become known as Martin's Station. 
The men put in corn and other field products, but late in the summer 
Indians broke up the settlement. 

PowdTB Valley 

A second effort to settle Powell's Valley was made by the above 
mentioned and a company of sixteen others from Henry county in 1774, 
immediately after his return from the Shawnee war. Richard Hender* 
son, in his journal kept on his memorable trip from the Holston to the 
Kentucky river after his treaty with the Indians and the Transylvania 
Purchase, says that he arrived on the 30th day of May, 1775, at Capt. 
Martin's in Powell Valley. In the train were forty mounted riflemen 
and some slaves. They remained here until the 5th of June, "making 
a house to secure their wagons, as they could not clear the road any 

Powell's Valley was included in the Transylvania purchase, and 
Joseph Martin was made attorney and entry taker for this division of the 
purchase. After the Transylvania men had gathered under "the divine 



dm tree" at Boonsboro and organized a legislative assembry, Jud^* 
Hichard Henderson wrote Joseph Martin, on July 20, 1775: "We did 
pot forget you at the time oi making laws, your part of the country 
is too remote from ours to attend our convention, but you must have- 
laws made by an assembly of your own. 1 have prepared a plan which 
1 hope you'll approve, but more of that when we meet, which I hope will 
be sook" 

This post was held witii difficulty; and at the beginning of the 
Indian war in 1776. the settlement was broken i^. In 1783, with tenac- 
ity of purpose, a third, and this time a permanent settlement, was made 
in Powell's Valley. Martin's new station, established at this time, was 
tu-o miles from Cumberland Gap, this being about midway between 
the Clinch and Kentucky rivers, furnished a resting place lor poor 
citizens grang bade and forth. 

The year 1783 was a strenuous one for Joe Martin, He was Indian 
Agent for North Carolina, with headquarters at the Long Island of 
Holston. He served Virginia as Commisssioner to the CNckasaws^ 
eh'ected the Powell Valley settlement, as we have said, and be engaged 
in an extensive land speculation along with William Blount, Gen. Grif- 
fith Rutherford, John Donaldson, John Sevier, Oovernt^r Caswell and 

Leading Spirit 

Of this company William Blount was the leading spirit; and Joseph 
Martin made the purchase while on one of hit visits to the nation. The 
purchase lay on the north side of the bend of the Tennessee river, iir 
what is now Alabama, then Georgia. It was also claimed by South 
Carolina. It included all land in what is now Alabama lying between 
the Tennessee river and the Tennessee State line. This extended across 
north Alabama. The company secured a charter from Georgia in 1784. 
The Commissioners who were also Justices of the Peace, were Lach- 
Ian Mcintosh, Jr., Joseph Martin, William Downs, Stephen Heard, John 
Donaldson, John Sevier and John Morse. The settlement was soon 
broken up, owing to the hostilities of the neighboring Indians. But 
the spirit of these men was undaunted, for we find that Jas. Glascow, 
Secretary of State for North Carolina, went to Georgia in 1787 to nave 
conveyance made after the Legislature of Georgia had confirmed their 
title to the bend of Tennessee. 

The settlement was destined to be short-lived. Congress was not 
in harmony with Georgia in confirming the title to the bend. Twenty 
years before this all purchases by individuals had been inhibited by 
royal proclamation of George III. Congress held that this right now 
belonged to the general government. Hence the purchase came to 
nought; and yet the effort must have contributed something to the 
onward movement of English civilization by helping to open up the 
way for those who followed. 

When the State of Franklin was formed, in 1784, Joseph Martin 
was a member of their first convention. He was on the committee to 

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take into consideration the state of public affairs. He opposed the 
scheme of a separate government from the first. Many notable Virgin- 
ians shared tiis sentiments. He was chosen a member of the Privy 
Council (see Cal. Va. State paper IV., 31) but refused to serve. 

In Henry's Life of Patrick Henry we find a letter to Martin urttten 
Oct. 4, 1786, giving reasons why Franklin should be abandoned. This, 
no doubt, served to confirm Martin in his belief, for the two men were 
great friends, but his mind had been made up before, as we have seen. 
In this new State there was discord among its own people, and North 
Carolina never yielded her claim of jurisdiction over the territory. This 
created pandemonium. 

The influence of Martin is seen by the attitude of Sullivan, the 
county in which he resided. Sullivan and 'Hawkins were for the old 
State. Sullivan sent Martin, as her representative to the North Carolina 
assembly in 1784, the year in which the State of Franklin was organ- 
ized, Fnd again in 1787, when he was placed by this body at the head 
of the militia in what is now Tennessee, being commissioned Brigadier 
General. His was a most difficult place to fill. The Franklin men 
stood distinctly for encroachment: they had built houses within two 
miles of Chota, the beloved town of the Cherokees. Here dwelt 
Oconostota and Nancy Ward, the prophetess, "pretty woman." Here 
was the council house of the nation. 

Martin writes Gov. Randolph in April. 1788, "1 am happy to inform 
Your Excellency that the late unhappy dispute between the State of 
North Carolina and the pretended State of Franklin has subsided," 
Thus Martin, by a wise and conservative policy, ended tumult and 
violence and prevented what might have been, under other circumstan- 
ces, civil war. The State of Franklin had died a natural death. 

Jn 1785 Congress, weary of border warfare, caused by encroach- 
ment of the whites and retaliations of the Indiana by pilfering, resolved 
to exercise the treaty-making function. To this end Benjamin Hawkins 
and Lachlan Mcintosh, of Georgia; Joseph Martin, of Virginia; and 
Andrew Pickens, of South Carolina, were appointed commissioners 
to make a treaty defining boundary lines, etc, James Madison was 
official interpreter. Besides Choctaws and Chickasaws there were 
piesent at Hope wel!-on-Keo well almost one thousand Cherokee war- 
riors. Because of his knowledge of the situation, the negotiations were 
left largely with Joseph Martin. 

The Cherokee Hopewell Treaty was a compromise. The Indians 
laid claims to most of Kentucky and Tennessee, also to a large territory 
in Georgia and the Carolinas. They were induced, however, to give 
up the Transylvania purchase, and to leave the Cumberiand settlement 
outside of Indian territory. This Cumberland territory belonged to the 
whites by virtue of a treaty held Nov. 5 and 6, 1783, at the French 
Lick on Cumberiand river (four miles northwest of Nashville) by Joseph 
Martin and John Donaldson, representing Virginia and North Carolina 
(see report of Gov. Harrison in Calendar Virginia State Papers, III, 
December 16^ 1783). 

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J3g UABTItf 

In tbis treaty of Hopewell, boundary linei were dccidfd npcn; 
prisoners on both sides were to be given up; negroes and other prop- 
erty to be given up. The CherokeeB aclcnowledged themselves under 
the United States alone. 

As late as August, 1790, Washington still talks of enforcing the 
Treaty of Hopewell. We said that Martin bad been placed by North 
Carolina at the head of the militia in what is now Tennessee. After 
North Carolina ceded this territory to the United States, Martin went out 
oi office, and the territory went out of the hands of North Carohna. 

Martin was urged for the position of Governor of the Southwest 
Territory (now Tennessee) by Patrick Henry, Lee, Grayson. Bland and 

Sm ud StMdtut 

Martin, true to the motto of his house, "Sure and Steadfast," when 
representing Sullivan county in the Hillsboro Convention of 1788, favor- 
ed the adoption of the Federal constitution. He was a member of the 
Fayetteville convention when the constitution was adopted. When 
returning to his beloved home in Virginia, we find turn tor a good many 
years a member of the Virginia assembly. He was a member of the 
Virginia assembly at the time of the passage of the memorable Madison 
Resolutions of 1798. We are told that on this occasion "be was Madi- 
son's right hand." Here his county town of Henry, MarKnKvQle, was 
named in his honor. 

Martin's chief merit lay rn Indian diplomacy. He engaged in many 
tieaties in which he always took conspicuous part tKcause of his knowl- 
edge of Indians and of his influence with them. His most lasting, h» 
best service, toward American independence was rendered during the 
British invasion of 1780^1. It was Martin, who, by his diplomacy, 
kept the Indians quiet, thus enabling the Watauga men to strike a heavy 
blow for liberty at King's Mountain. Had it not been thus, they must 
needs have stayed at home to defend their own firesides. A few months 
later, after North Carolina had rewarded Shelby and Sevier for gal- 
lantry at this time, a sword and pair of pistols, called or them again to 
take their men into the field for the support of the Union. They were 
not able to do so, having an tndian war on their hands, and could not 
leave their fiomes (Phelan 62). 

Since this Battle of King's Mountain marked the taming of the 
tide of war, it seems that the Revohition hinged on the Incfian agent, Jos- 
eph Martin. 

After his return from Georgia, Martin built a commodious house, 
which, embowered in green, crowned the summit of a beO-«haped knoll 
overiooking Leatherwood creek in Henry county, Virginia. Here he 
spent his declining years with his second wife, Susanna Qrxves, the 
happy mother of many children. He left a large estate, consisting prin- 
cipally of negroes and lands in Tennessee and Virginia. 

To see further of the Colonial services of General Joseph Martin, 
turn to page 415 of the Annual Report of the American Historical Asso- 

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ciation for flie year 1S93: "August 25, 1774, Lord Dunmore conunission* 
ed Martin a captain of tlie Pittsylvania militia, in Shawnee war. U 
J769 JosejiA Martin made a settlement in Powell's Valley" (see page 
414, Annual report of the American Historical Association fof the year 
J893). He was attorney and entry-taker for Powell's Valley divi^on 
«i TransyJvania Purchase (see page 418). Additional authorities: C^- 
endar Viiginia State Papers; "Life, Correspondence, and Speeches of 
Patrick Henry;" Royce; Draper Manuscripts; Roosevelt; "Colonial 
Records of North Carolina;" Historical Collections of Virginia; Adair; 
Ramsey; Phelan; "Iredell's Revisal." 

General Joseph Martin was twice married. He married Sarah 
Lucas in 1762. His second wife was Susanna Graves, whom he married 
in 1784. 

Genera) Martin was bom in 1740 and died in 1808. 

In an article headed "A Comer in Ancestors" in the Nashville Ban- 
ner of June 24, 1911, the Graves family is written up first of New Eng- 
land. Then flie writer says, "The distinguished Southern family of 
Graves descends from William Graves," and she says the Soufliem fam- 
ily is not related to the New En^and family of the same name. 

Benjamin Cleveland's wife, Mary Graves, was a sister of Susanna 
Graves, wife of General Joseph Martin (see page 13, Virginia Magazine 
7, 1899). Benjamin Cleveland was born in Prince William county, but 
moved to Orange county, Virginia. 

General Joseph Martin's daughter, Elizabeth, bo n Oc- 
tober 13, 1768; died 1805; married Mr. Carr Waller. He was 
a son of Thomas WaDer and his wife, Susan Qabney Thomas Waller 
had a brother, Pomfret Waller, Sr., bom Jan. 20, 1747. His wiffe was 
Marfha Martin, wbo died June 20, 1813. She was a sister of General 
Joseph Martin. She and Elizabeth are both buried at "Belmont," the 
home of General Joseph Martin. 

Can Waller's second wife was Susanna Edwards, a niece of Gen. 
MarSn. Mr. Brice Edwards, of Washington, D. C, is of this branch. 

Carr WaDer Pritchett, D. D., who is (1901 ) president of the Pritch- 
ett College, and of tiie Morrison Observatory attached, at Olascow, 
Missouri, is a son of Martha Myra Waller and her husband, Henry 
Pritchett, and is a grandson of Carr Waller. He is a fine and learned 
old man. 

Children of Oeneral Joseph Martin by Flnt Wile 

Generation [II in America: 

(1) Susanna Martin, bom 1763; married Jacob Bumes. 

(2) Col. William Martin, bom Nov. 26, 1769; {Bed Nov. 4, 1846. 

(3) EUzabeth Martin; married Can Waller; was born Oct. 13, 
1768; died in 1809; left four ctiHdren. 

(4) Brice Martin; bom 1770, died Dec. 30, 1836; married Malinda 
Perkins, of Smith county, Tenn., in 1811. He went out to the war of 
1812 as captain of a company in Col. Bradley's regiment. First Tennes- 
see Infeintry. At ttie Battle of Talladega one of his men, Thomas Saun- 

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ders, was killed (see booklet gotten out by the Talladega Chapter, D. 
A R.)- At the Battle of New Orleans, Brice Martin was promoted to 
the rank of Major. He was surveyor of the boundary line between 
Virginia and Tennessee in 1802. He had five children. 
ChilOTdi of benenil Joseph Martin and His WKe, Sosanra Graves 

(5) Colonel Joseph Martin, of Henry county, Va., born Sept. 22, 
1785, of whom we will write later. 

(6) Jesse; married first, Annie Armistead, and had one son. His 
second wife was Cecelia Reid. They had eight sons and a daughter. 
He was a soldier in the war of 1812. Jesse Martin was a farmer of 
Henry county, Virginia. He died about 1835. Cecelia Reid Martin died 
Aug, 26, 1875. aged 83 years. 

(7) Thomas W. Martin married Miss Carr, of North Carolina. 
He went to Tennessee to live. 

(8) Lewis Martin went also to Tennessee. He married a Miss 
Rucker. He saw military service. He died in Lincoln county, Missouri, 
about 1850. 

(9) Alexander Martin; died in Lincoln county, Missouri, about 
1850. He married Miss Carr, of North Carolina. 

(10) Martin; married Wm. Cleveland, son of Col. Ben- 
jamin Cleveland, hero of King's Mountain. 

Jesse Martin, son of General Joseph Martin and his second wife, 
Sisanna Graves, was the second child of this wife. He served in the 
war of 1812. He lived on his plantation in Henry county, Va. Martin 
died about 1835. He was twice married, his first wife being Annie 
Armistead. They had one son. His second wife was Cecelia Reid. 
They had eight sons and one daughter. We are sorry we cannot give 
all the names of hie children. A son, Dr. Washington Lafayette Martin, 
was born in Henry county, Virginia. Dr. Martin was twice married. 
His first wife was Virginia Morecock, of Halifax county. North Carolina. 
His second wife was Sarah King, daugliter of Dr. Francis King, of 
Beaufort, N. C. There were seven children by this marriage. 
Children of Dr. Washhigton L. Martin and His Wife, Sarah Ktaig 

Thomas S.; is in U. S. Navy. 

Eva C; bom 1856; married Samuel Buckman in 1880. 

Lula; married Earnest Duncan, of Beaufort, N. C. 

Don; died a child. 

Sallie; married Rev. Edward Hopkins, a Lutheran minister. They 
live in Grafton, West Virginia. 

Edward; married Miss Felton; lives in Beaufort, N. C. 

Lillian; married Warren Whitehurst; lives in Laurinburg, N. C. 
Eva C. (Martin) Buckman 

Eva Martin was born in Beaufort. She takes an interest in patri- 
otic organizations, being a Daughter of the American Revolution and a 
Daughter of the Confederacy. She fills an official position as Secretary 

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«t flie Daughters ot the Revolution, being thus both a D. A. R. and a 
0. R. 

In 1889 this family moved to Baltimore. They have three children, 
two suns and one daughter. 

Dr. W. S. Martin's wife, Sarah Ivirg, was a daughter ol Dr. Francis 
King, a successful physician of Beaufort. 

Atalor George Wythe Mattin 

Major George Wythe Martin, son of General Joseph Martin and 
his wife, Susanna Graves, was born July 7, 1^)5, at Leatherwood, Henry 
county, Virginia; died at his home, "Meadows," in Rockingham county, 
N. C, Oct 27, 1867. He married Oct. 25, 1837, Caroline H: Watkins, 
a daughter of Col. Benjamin and Susanna Watkins, ot Pittsylvania 
county, Va. She died Dec. 28, 1897. 
Children of Major George W. Martin and his wife Caridine H. Watkins: 

Susanna Graves Martin; born Dec 16^ 1842. Died April 3. 1847. 

William Watkins; born March 7, 1845; was Lieut, in Confederate 
army and was killed in battle, Oct 22, 1863. 

George W.; bom June 3, 1847. Married Hattie F. France, of Henry 
county, Va, Oct 14, 1868. Went West and was never heard of again. 
His one son, George W. Martin, is living at Danville, Va. 

Joseph B.; l>oni July 27, tS49; married Alice Gravely, of Henry 
county, Va., May 24, 1871. Lives at Reidaville, N. C. 

:|ohn Henry; bom July 15, 1851; died May 22, 1853. 

Emma; bom Jan. 6, (854; died July 12. 1874. Married John F. Reid, 
of Henry county, Va., Sept 1, 1873. No children. 

Mary Catherine; bom Sept 19, 1855. Married Wm. B. Stocks, of 
En^and, Dec. 3, 1873. 

Thomas Henry Martin was bom, as were all the children, at "The 
Meadows," Rockingham county, N. C, Dec. 14, 1859. He married 
Rosa V. Hickson, daughter of Richard t. Hickson, of Danville, Va., 
April 27, 1887. He is a leaf tobacco dealer at Kingston, N. C. 
Children of Thomas Martin and His Wife, Rosi Hickson 

Caroline Hunt; married Julian G. Frasier, Sept 4, 1911. They live 
in Richmond, Va. 

Rosa Hickson Martin; married Wiley M. Reddill, Nov. 4, 1911. 
They also live in Richmond 

Kchard H. 




John Calvin Martin was living near Woodbury, Tennessee, March 
20. 1842. Martin saw military service. He married a Miss Rucker. 

George Martin first married a Miss Steriing. His second wife was 
a Miss Watkins. He had several children. Martin served in the Vir- 
ginia legislature. He removed to North Carolina about 1840; died in 

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Patrick Henry Martin was taken to Tennessee by his half-brother, 
Brice, and was educated by Colonel William and Brice Martin. He 
Mudied law and was admitted to the bar about the beginning of the war 
uf 1812. He left his practice to join Jackson's army, and died soon after 
Ills return from the Battle of New Orleans. 

CoL William Martin, of Dixon Springs, Tennessee 
(Oeneratiot. Ill in America) 

William Martin, eldest son ot of General Joseph Martin and his wife, 
Sarah Lucas, was born in Orange county, Virginia, Nov. 26, 1765. He 
died of pleurisy in Smith county, Tennessee, Nov. 4, 1746. He went on 
an expedition against the Indians with some of Colonel William Camp- 
bull's men in 1781. Martin waH in Powell's Valley in 1785 and remain- 
eu on the frontier for two years. He shared the hardships of the set- 
tlers and protected them with the company of rangers under his 
command. He was sometimes stationed in a fort, sometimes pursuing 
marauding parties of Indians, sometimes opening up channels of travel 
by which emigrants could more easily reach the farming settlements 
(see Ramsey, Tennessee, 477). He was sent to Middle Tennessee, via. 
Kentucky, about 1787, in charge of a company, by the state of North 
Carolina and continued in command about two years. 

This company under Captain William Martin was a part of Evans' 
battalion. Another company of this same battalion was commanded by 
Captain Joshua Hadley. Captain, alterwards Colonel, Wilham Martin 
aiid Captain Hadley both died in Smith county, Tennessee. 

In order to support these men while in the Cumberland settlement, 
we find that a part of the tax of the county was to be paid in corn, beef, 
perk, bear meat, venison, etc. 

Captain Martin then returned to Virginia; married when twenty- 
ffve, and removed to Tugaloo, Pendleton district. South Carolina, in 
1791. He was a member of the South Carolina legislature, and lived 
there until 1798, when he migrated to the Cumberland, settling at 
Dixon's Springs, Smith county, and remained there the balance of his 

Martin was a member of the Georgia legislature in 1787. In 1800 
he was engaged in surveying the Indian boundary, in 1804 was a Jet 
rerson elector, and a Madison elector in 1808. He was vice-president 
of the Whig convention in 1844. 

In the war of 1812 Martin was elected lieutenant-colonel of the 
st-cond regiment of Tennessee volunteers. He served fn the Natchez 
campaign and in that against the Creeks. At Talladega, after the 
wounding of Col. Pillow, Martin took command and was conspicuous 
for his fine conduct. Owing to a conflict oif opinion as to the date of 
expiration of their term of service, some of the Tennessee regiments, 
including that of Col. William Martin, undertook to return home after 
the 10th of December, 1813. 

Col. Manm was a iiuent and logical writer. We have examples ot 
this in his "Se I f-Vindi cation," and in his sketch of his father, General 


Joseph Martin, written for Lyman C, Draper. When Col. Wm. Martin 
attended the great Whig convention in 1844 he kept a short diary. 
This old manuscript is now in possession of his great-grandson. Judge 
S. M. Young, History repeats itself. Judge Young was selected to 
represent the state-af-large in the Presidential convention at Baltimore 
in 1912. 

Extracts from Diary: 

'Tuesday, 16th of April, 1844. — Set out for Baltimore to represent 
the state-at-large in the national Whig convention to be held there on 
the first day of May ensuing, for the purpose of nominating candidates 
for President and Vice-President of the United States. 

"19th. — Embarked on steamboat Ohio Mail for Pittsburg; off at 
three P. M. 

"22nd. — Arrive at Loiiisville early this morning. Pretty good run. 

"23rd. — Fine morning. Arrive at Cincinnati at four P. M.; go on 
board the Narragansett for Pittsburg. 

■'25th. — Pfss Point Pleasant early where the great battle was 
fought on the lOth of Oct., 1774. 

"1st of May, — This is the great day. Nominated Henry Clay for 
President and Freylinghuysen for Vice-President. 

■'17th. — Dr. Shelby sends me to my brother's. 

"18th. — Go to Lebanon; stay at son Williams'. 

"19th. — Being Sunday, got home at 2 P. M., after an absence of 
31' days. Found my family well and business in good condition." 

Dr. Shelby, spoken of in the diary, was Dr. John Shelby, who lived 
on the east side of the Cumberland river and owned what is now East 
Nashville. The brother to whom Dr. Shelby "sent" Col. Martin was 
Major Brice Marrin, pioneer, surveyor, and flat boatman of renown. 
He came from Virginia to Tennessee with Col. Martin, settling first in 
Smith county, where he remained until 1815, when he removed to 
Wilson county and located in the western part of the county on, or near, 
the Lebanon-Nashville turnpike, near Stone's river. 

Mr. John H. Bullock, land commissioner of the State of Tennessee 
in 1901, said that records in his office showed that General Joseph 
Martin had a land grant of 1.280 acres on Stones' river, 640 acres on 
each side of the river. Perhaps it was on this land, inherited from his 
father, that Major Brice Martin lived. The "son William" referred to 
was the Hon. William L. Martin, of Lebanon, the father of Mrs. Joel 
Settle, of Spring street. East Nashville. 

The writer holds a tetter written by Colonel William Martin to her 
grandfather, Captain John Hughes, of Williamson county, Tennessee. 
This letter was dated Sept. 15, 1831 at "Bellview." Col, Martin says, 
"I yesterday returned home from Nashville, opened your kind letter of 
the 31st, requesting me to use my influence with Major Buford, our 
Senator, in behalf of my highly respected kinsman, General Martin," 

"General Martin" spoken of in the above paragraph, was General 

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1S8 UASnN 

William Martin, ol Williamson county, Tennessee, k brotlw-in-Iaw of 
Laptain John hughes. General Martin, whose borne was in WilUamsan 
county, was a bachelor. Colonel Martin goes on to say, "You also in 
your letter condole with me, on my irreparable loss in the death of my 
dear, my much-belovied wife. Oh, my friend, this is to me a loss indeed. 
You can only imagine my distress. Such a wife has fallen to the lot 
of but few men. If I have any delight, it is in solitude to dwell on the 
memory of her who is gone, and with her is gone the best affections ot 
my heart. Although this retrospection spreads a gloom over my heart, 
it leaves a pensive sweetness which I would not exchange for all this 
world calls great. During her conflict with the 'last enemy,' she had 
the entire possesion of her intellect. Among other things she said to 
me, 'don't weep.' I told her 1 could not help it. She calmly replied, 
'Be more of a man.' She seemed to be two persons, one living, the 
other dying. Once she said, 'What a sweet death' and her last word 
was 'Glory,' with an effort to say something else, but her strength 
failed. She died as she had lived, one of the best of women. By this 
bereavement 1 am inconsolable; 1 know not what I am to do. No 
object is sufficiently interesting to engage my attention, though Chris- 
tianity and [Ailosophy combine to teach me not to grieve. I myself 
have to carry my own sorrow. So far as consolation may be derived 
from the society of children and friends, I might calculate on as much as 
any man, but this comes short^nfinitely short — of filling the void oc- 
casioned by the loss of her who held the highest seat in my earthly 
affections. I loved her much in life but, il there is any difference, more 
m death. I fear, however, my friend, I shall weary you by talking so 
mnch on a subject which interests myself more than it could interest 
anyone else . . . 'Out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speak- 
eth.' Give my love to cousin Sally and your children. And for your- 
self, accept the best wishes of an old friend, William Martin," 

People have sometimes confused the two William Martins of Ten- 
nessee who served in the war of 1812. This letter makes it perfectly 
plain that there were two William Martins in Tennessee. This man 
lived at Dixon Springs. William Martin, who served on the staff of 
General Andrew Jackson, with title of colonel at New Orieans, lived in 
Williamson coun^. He is spoken of in this letter as "my highly re- 
spected kinsman. Gen. (William) Martin." General Martin had been com- 
mis^oned Brigadier General of Militia by Gov. Carroll, September 4, 
1824, and when Lafayette was in Nashville, and at the Hermitage, in May. 
If25, General William Martin, of Williamson county, was in command 
of the 9th Brigade militia reviewed by Lafayette and General Jackson. 
"Cousin Sally," spoken of in the letter, was the sister of General Wit- 
liem Martin, She was the wife of Captain John Hughes (1776-1860). 
Captain Hughes and his wife, who lived in Williamson county, were 
grandparents of the writer. 

Judge Andrew B. Martin, of Lebanon, Tennessee, comes ol this 
Esme family. He was born near Gordonsville, Smith county, Tennessee, 

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December 9, 1836. He is a son of Matthew Moore Martin and hig wife, 
Matilda Crow. He was educated at Lebanon, graduating from Cum- 
berland University in 1858. The degree of L. L. D: was conferred 
oil him in 1887 by Lincoln College, Lincoln, Illinois. During the Civil 
War he was a lieutenant in the Seventh Tennessee infantry, later ad- 
juiaat on the staff of General Joseph Wheeler. He was a member of 
the Tennessee Legislature in 1671-72, and served several times as 
special judge. He became a professor of law in Cumberland University 
ill 1878, and has been president of the board of trustees since 1882. 
He and his colleague, Judge Nathan Green, have been spoken of not 
only as educators of men but as character builders. 

Judge Samuel M. Young is a lineal descendant of Colonel William 
Martin, of Dixon Springs, Smith county, Tenn. Judge Young receiv- 
ed his literary education at Burrett College, subsequently graduating in 
the law department of Cumberland University. He is' a son of Hon. 
Howard Young, who was a man of wealth and highly regarded. The 
Youngs have long been prominent both in White and Smith counties. 
Judge Young was State Senator from the counties of Smith and Wilson 
ill 1893, a member of the State Democratic Executive Committee of 
tlie Fourth Congressional District from 1894 to '98, and in 1909 was 
elected by the legislature a member of the State Board of Elections, 
of which body he has been president since its organization. He was 
elected as delegate from the state-at-large to the Baltimore Presiden- 
tial Convention in 1912. 

ChDdren of CoLWm. Martin < 1 735- 1 846) and His Wife, Francea Ferrisi 

Col. William, Jr.; father of Mrs. Fanny Tate, of Draper, Va. 

Sarah; bom Dec. 8, 1798; married Thomas Young, July 31,1817. 


Wilson V. (1810-1868); was grandfather of Judge Sam M. Young. 

Norval Douglas. 

. Martin; married a Mr. Hughes. 

Sarah; bom Dec. 8, 1798; married Thomas Young, July 31, 1817. 
Their daughter, Elizabeth Brooks Young, was bom in 1827 and died 
in 1897. She married James Z. George, U. S. Senator from Mississippi, 
May 27, 1847. 

James Z. George was bom in 1826; died August 14, 1897. He 
signed the Mississippi Ordinance of Secession in 1861. He was U. S. 
Senator from that state for many years, being first elected to this of- 
fice in 1881. George was one of Mississippi's most brilliant and worthy 

Children of Senator James Z. Oeo^e and His U^fe, EUzabetti Brooks 

1. Fannie George, mother of Mrs. Mary George Barksdale Kin- 
ccnnon. She married, first, Capt. W. R. Barksdale and had three 



dtildren, two giils and one boy; married second time, Thomas George^ 
They had three ^rls. 

2. Dizabeth. 

3. Kate; married F. M. Aldiidge: 

4. A. H. George; was Stale Senator through two tenns. 

5. J. W. George; served several times in State Legislature. 

6. Lizzie George; married Dr. T. R. Henderson, president of a 
bank in Greenwood, Mississippi. Mrs. Lizzie (George) Henderson serv- 
ed far two years as President General of the United Daughters of the 
Confederacy, proving herself an efhcient officer. She contributed in no 
small degree to the monumental work of this order. 

We find this family devoted Southerners. Mrs. C. B. Tate, Fannr 
Martin Tate, who is a daughter of Col. William Martin, Jr., has served 
for many years as Treasurer General, United Daughters of the Con- 

Mrs. Kate George Aldrich, daughter of Senator J. Z. George, lives 
in Greenwood, Mississippi. She has several children, and her charm- 
■v% home is noted for its hospitality. 

A. A. Kincannon, husband of Mrs. Mary George Barksdale Kincannon, 
former chancellor of the University of Mississippi, and president of 1. L 
& C. at Columbus, Miss., is now (1921) superintendent of city schools, 
Memphis, Tenn., and president Tennessee State Normal 

Brice Martin, son of Colonel William Martin and his wife, Frances 
Ferrise, married Susan Cayce, and had four daughters and one son. 

(1) Ann. 

(2) Elizabeth. 

(3) Mary. 

(4) Douglas. 

(5) j. F. Martin; married Susan Elizabeth Drake. His grandbther. 
Col. William Martin, was so fond of this boy that he tooK him into his 
own home. Here he was reared. 

Chndrai of ]. P. Martin and His Wife, EUzabeth Drake 

(a) J. B. Martin. 

<b) J. E. Martin. 

(c> William. 

(d) Norval Douglas. 

(e) Olive. (Was twin sister to N. D. Martin). 

(f) Su^e. 

(g) Lura. 

The grandchildren of J. T. Martin now living (1917) are Norval 
Douglas, Jr., and J. T. Martin. 

Norval Douglas Martin and his wife, Hattie C. Thompson, were 

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l>ie parents irf ]. Brice Martin, who married Pauline Elliot. J. B. Martin 
ond his wife had four children, all of whom died in childhocxl. 
Nancy Martin married a Mr. Yornig, Their children are; 

(a) Samuel 

(b) Fannie. 

(c) Mamie. 

CUIdren of WUHara Mattin, Jr. 

(a) Lee. 

<b) Fannie. 

(c) Sallie. ' 

<d) Elizabeth. . j r 

(e) Andrew. 

<t) Emny. 

The last twD were by his second wife. 

Norval Douglas Martin died in young manhood, after fighting In 
the Florida wars, contracting fever in Florida and dying at the close 
oi the war. 

Coloael Joseph Martin <1785-1859) 

Colonel Joseph Martin, son ol General Joseph Martin and his second 
wife, Susanna Graves, was born at '"Belmont," in Henry county, Vir- 
ginia. He grew to manhood in this beautiful home. Martin read law 
under Hon. Wm, A, Burwell of Franklin county, Vir^nia, but never 
practiced it. After his marriage to Sally Hughes, daughter of CoL 
Archelaus Hughes, of Patrick county, Va., on' April 27, 1810, he carried 
his young bride to his commodious home, "Greenwood," in Henry coun- ■ 
ti , Virginia. Here he owned large landed estates and many negroes, 
devoting his time largely to looking after his plantations. 

CoL Martin was always interested in politics. He was for several years 
a member of the House of Delegates, and eight years in the Senate of 
Virginia. He was a member of the Constitutional Convention of 1829- 
30. His life long friend, Archibald Stuart, of Patrick county, Virginia, 
ft ther of General J. E. B. Stuart, was also a member of this convention. 
John Tyler, also a personal friend of Martin, said of Martin in connection 
with the Constitutional Convention, 'Though not a speaking member, 
he was one of the most sensible of that illustrious assemblage of men." 

Colonel Joseph Martin was three times successively Presidential 
Elector. He was on the successful ticket every time, once for Monroe, 
twice for Jackson. At the time of the war of 1812 he was in com- 
mand of a regiment of militia, and held himself in readiness to be 
called into service, but his regiment was never called out. 

When Colonel Martin was only fourteen years old, he was with his 
father. General Joseph Martin, who was one of the commissioners on 
the part of Virginia to run the dividing line between Virginia and Ken- 

Colonel Martin did much to promote free schools in Virginia. He 
worked along the same lines as did Jefferson and Cabell. He was a 



friend and liberal patron of the eariy. railroad projects in Virginia. He 
lived the life of the typical Southern planter, his home being noted for 
its hospitality. He had four sons and eight daughters. He died in IS59, 
full of honors and years, being in the 76th year of his life. 
SaOy (Hughes) MarUa 

Sally Hughes, daughter of Cc^onel Archelaus Hughes, of Revolu- 
tionary fame, and his wife, Mary Dalton, was born at "Hughesville," 
their homestead in Patrick county, Virginia. We are told in the Vir- 
ginia Magazine of History and Biography (Vol. 9) in a sketch of General 
Joseph Martin, written by his son, Colonel William Martin, of Dixon 
Springs, Tennessee, that 'IBelmonl," the home of Gen. Joseph Martin, 
was purchased by General Martin from Benjamin Harrison of Berkley. 

Miss Josephine Robertson, of Statesville, North Carolina, a grand- 
daughter of Colonel Joseph Martin, through his daughter, Ella, says in 
;i letter to the writer, dated Sept. 19, 1910, "I remember, when a child, 
rtow 1 loved to sit by the high window in the garret at "Greenwood" 
and look out over the green fields of Virginia. In searching through the 
useless plunder, one could see a pair of saddle bags, brought home 
from the Cherokees by General Joseph Martin. How we would look 
on them in wonder now! A]y grandfather's knee buckles were given 
to the children to play with, and were, of course, lost. In this garret 
was an old-fashioned wooden chest of clothes. In it were dresses o* 
satin and crepe, with the same ^irts, and big sleeves and Empire 
waists of the style of the French Revolution period." 

The writer has a picture of Col. Joseph Martin and his wife, Sally 
Hughes. This was taken tn the days of flowing skirts. Her dress is of 
handsome material and she has on a handsome Vandyke lace collar. 
He looks the typical Virginia gentleman. 

Sally (Hughes) Martin was one of the most remarkable women 
of her day. She was possessed of remarkable personal beauty and 
great intelligence. She has been spoken of by one who knew her veil 
as a woman of rare personal attraction. She survived her husband 
twenty-three years. At the time of her death, in her ninety-second 
year, she was the ancestress of one hundred and fifty descendants. For 
fifty years her home, "Greenwood," was the center of old-fash ic red 
hospitality, and she was "the Queen of the household, the light ol 
the home." The circle of friends and relatives extended over many 
states. The writer's parents, Dr. Samuel Henderson and Rachel Jane 
(Hughes) Henderson, of Tennessee, delighted in the hospitality of this 

Sally (Hughes) Martin was a member of the Baptist church for 
more than fifty years. 

One of their sons, Joseph, a brilliant young man. when at Har- 
vard, writes back to his mother that a certain part of the campus "re- 
minds me of the grounds at 'Greenwood.' " 

Since this Martin family was first of Caroline county, and later of 

d., Google 

UARTOr t» 

fllbetnarle, in the same State, as we are trying to prove througli lii»- 
tory their services to their country, we shall record names of this fam- 
ily connection who enlisted in the fint company of volunteers during 
our Revolutionary struggle in Albemarle county. Charles Lewis was 
captain, William TerriU Lewis was sergeant, as was also Jc*n Martin; 
Thomas Martin, Jr., corporal. Among privates in this company were, 
Robert Martin, Jr., Ed Hughes, Stephen Hughes, David Dalfon, Edward 
Carter and John Henderson (see page 63, Genealogy of the Lewis 

Senator Thomas Staples Martin, ol Albemarle coonty, Virginia, up- 
liolds the honor ol the name. 

Descendants of Sarah (Martin) Lewis intermarried in Tennessee 
with the Claiborne family. Some members of the Clark, L^wis, Martin 
connection moved to Clark county, Kentucky, among them Major John 
Martin, who won his spurs at Yorktown. Major Martin vns a member 
o» the Methodist church. 

Among the children of Col. Joseph Martin and his wife, Sally 
Hughes, the girls were beautiful or handsome and the boys were 
worthy men. The writer holds an autographed letter written by Joseph, 
their son, while studying law at Harvard University to his mother. It 
is dated Febnia/y 10, 1847. He has tt>e pen of a ready writer, and 
proves himself an affectionate son. Although not then twenty-one years 
of age, he discusses politics with clear insight. All of this demonstrates 
something of the social life in the South in the ante bellum days. Women 
must have had political insight. Among other things, Joseph Martin 
says his father's "favor of tlie 20th ultimo containing even more that 
a truly grateful son could have exxpected from fhe kindest and most 
indulgent parent. But it is no more that my dear Father will be 
n .nembered for." He speaks of his fine watch and fob chain, the gift 
ol his father, in a most appreciative way. He also speaks of his ambi- 
tions as a lawyer. "At present," he f«ys. "you know my youthful age 
will prevent me from being admitted to the bar in Virginia, not being 
twenty-one. My wish is to fit myself lor the creditable discharge of 
my duties of a lawyer whilst here, surrounded by so many Iticilities for 
doing so, and commence the practice immediately after my return." 

Martin goes on to say, 'Immediately after my friend (the name 
looks like Aylett) left for Virginia, another not quite so old, but as true, 
moved up from a different part of (he city to take his stead. But since 
then we have concluded it would be more agreeable to room together. 
He is from the same county that young Warsham was, whom you have 
ptrhaps heard me speak of as liking, so well whilst at college, and he 
possesses all the characteristics of a gentleman and a student. We 
have two rooms, a bed' and sitting room on the lower floor, which are 
the moat desirable in the house, with a pretty cedar tree near, similar 
t>> those at 'Oreenwood.' There are a number of other trees surround- 

ed by GoOglc 


Ing the house, but none ever so fondly gazed upon by me. Indeed the calm, 
ness of the delighthil view, together with the pleasantness of my situ- 
ation, have almost, at particular hours of the day, translated me to 
the 'big porch' at home; in fact there are no appearances of a town 
nearer than three or four hundred yards in any direction." Then Mar- 
tin speaks of Cambridge being scattered over large territory. He spealts 
of his sister, Ella, writing him that his mother wanted him to spend his 
vacation at home, and says, "I wish,' dear Mother, that circumstances 
would justify me in going back to my happy home." 

Of Joseph Martin, Jr., the father was justly proud. Joseph was 
educated at Lexington, Virginia, and, as we have said, took his law 
course at Harvard College, Cambridge, Mass. He commenced the prac- 
tice of his profession in Pittsylvania county, Va., and, from the first, took 
•) prominent stand. After practicing law a short time in Virginia, Martin 
was made Commonwealth Attorney for Pittsylvania county. 

Joseph Martin, Jr., marned Susan' Pannell, of Pittsylvania county. 
She was a cousin of General J. E. B. Stuart. At the wedding J. E. B. 
Stuart was present in regimentals from West Point. Of this marriage 
there was one child, Joseph H. Martin. He inherited "Greenwood," 
living and dying there. On a visit to "Greenwood," in 1855, Joseph 
Martin, Jr., became ill with typhoid fever and died September 17, 1855. 
The County Court, held for the county of Pittsylvania, drafted reso- 
lutions on his death. 

We are told that in the old Martin burying ground at "Belmont," 
in Henry county, which overlooks Leatherwood creek, there are four 
Joseph Martins »'de by side — General Joseph and his son. Col. Joseph; 
this man and his son, Joseph. 

This last Joseph Martin inherited "Greenwood" and the handsome 
old furniture. He died leaving no children and his widow moved to 
Baltimore, Maryland. She later married Mr. Schneder, of Baltimore. 

CbildreR of Col. Josei^ Martin and His WHe, Sally Hughes 

1. Mary; married John Staples, of Patrick county, Virginia. He 
died in 1839. 

2. Susan; married Robert Cook, of Rttsylvania county. 

3. Col. William; married Susan Hairston, of Henry county, Va. 

4. Jane; manied John D. Watkins. They had one child, Susan, 
who married Col. Wm. Wirt. 

5. Archelaus Hughes; died in childhood. 

6. Ann; married Judge John Dillard of the Supreme Court of 
North Carolina. 

7. Captain Thomas; was killed at Malvern Hill. He married a 
Miss Pannell, who lived to be quite old. 

8. Judge Joseph; married Susan Pannell, of Pittsylvania county. 

9. Matilda; married George StovaU Hairston, of Henry county. 

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They were parents of Judge Nicholas Hardeman Haireton, of Roanoke, 
Va^ and of Mrs. Bettie H. Ingles. 

10. Elizabeth; married Captain Robert Williams, of Danville, Vi. 

11. Sallie; married Col. Overton Dillard, of Henry county. 

12. Ella; married Dr. John Robertson, of Pittsylvania county. 

Oilldreo of Mary Marthi and Her Hnbsnd, CoL Jobn Staptet 

William; married Anne Penn. 

Abram: married a Miss Penn. 


John. , " ■ 


Samuel ' 

Susan; married Col. Steadman. 

Lucinda; married a Mr. Peeler. 

Chadfen of Mary Martin and Ha Second Husband, CoL Tfaos. McCabe, 
of Floyd County, Va. 


Mary Martin Staples McCabe, died in 1889, being 78 years of age. 
She remembered her grandmother, Mary (Dallon) Hughes, well. 

Susan Martin, daughter of Col. Joseph Martin and his wife, Sally 
Hughes, married Colonel Robert Cook, attorney-at-law, of Pittsylvania 
ci'unty. She is said to have been very beautiful and accomplished. She 
had only one child, Sarah Jane Cook, who was a charming and lovely 
woman, but who never married. The last sixteen yef rs of her life were 
spent in the home of Mrs. John Robertson. She lived to be seventy-eight 
years old. 

William Martin, son of Colonel Joseph Martin and his wife, Sally 
Hughes, was born at "Greenwood" in 1814. He was educated at the 
University of Virginia. He was a man of talent and distinction. When 
quite young, Martin was a member of the Virginia Legislature. As an 
orator, lawyer, a statesman, he was regarded as a peer of any man 
in Virginia. Martin wss several times Congressional Elector, once a 
delegate to the National Convention. He was once a candidate for 
congress, but was defeated by only a few votes by Hon, John Goode. 
Martin was a member of the State Constitutional Convention on85(^ 
51. He was in the legislature when the convention known as the 
Secession convention was called. He declined to represent his county 
in that convention. Martin served as Colonel of a Confederate regi- 
ment. After hb brother, Captain Thomas J, Martin, was killed at 
Malvern Hill, Colonel Martin resigned his commission and returned 

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home. He served as commonwealth attorney. He died in September, 

ChUdren of Colonel Wm. Martin and HEs Wife, Susan Haintoo 

Satlie Elizabeth; married Dr. Prengle, of Frederick City, Mo. 

Louise, Hardeman; married Samuel Sheffidd. 

Samuel Hughes; unmarried. 



Jane; married John Watkins, of Henry county, Va. 

Susan; married William H, West. 

Matilda; married George Hairston, of Henry county, Va. CoL 
George Hairston represented this district in congress for a number of 
years. He was the largest land and slave owner in this part of Vir- 
ginia. The family is said to have owned a gold table service. One of 
this connection, Louisa Hardeman Hairston, was a niece, and also an 
adopted daughter, of President John Tyler, and was married in the 
Gubernatorial mansion at Richmond, Va., while he was Governor of the 

Ghfldren of MatQda Hartfn and Her Hosband, George Hoirstoa 

Sallie Louisa; married Mr. Saunders. 

Jane; married Mr. Draper. 

Elizabeth; married, first, Mr. Hale; second, Capt. Ingles. 

George; married Nannie Watkins. 

Nicholas; married a Miss Hairston. 

Matilda; married Mr. Tate. 

IV. Sallie Martin, daughter of Colonel Joseph Martin and his wife, 
Sallie Hughes, married Colonel Overton Dillard, of Henry county, Va. 

Sallie Hughes; married Frank Gravely. 

Elizabeth; married Mr. Ready. 

Peter; died a bachelor. 



Susan Jane; married Samuel Ford. 

Anne; married Mr. Arrington. 

Ella; married Mr. Griggs. 

V. Joseph Martin, son of Colonel Joseph Martin and his wife, 
Sally Hughes, married Susan Panell, of Pittsylvania county, Va. Their • 

child was Joseph Henry Martin, who married Jane W . Her 

second husband is Mr. Schnider, of Baltimore. 

VI. Anne Martin, daughter erf Col. Joseph Martin and his wife, 

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Sally Hughes, married Judge John Henry Dillard, of the Supreme Court 
01 North Carolina. Children: 

Lucy Elizabeth; married John Pannell. 

Ruffin; married a Miss Moorman. 

Anne Martin; married Frank HalL 

John Henry. 

Just a word concerning Judge Dillard: J. H. Dillard was born in 
Rockingham county. North Crolina. He became supreme court judge 
in his native state. After marriage, he mad* his home in Greensboro, 
North Carolina. Here he and his wife both died. They have a son 
now (1913) Hving at Murphy, N. C, who is spoken of for judge, and 
another living in Cuilford, N. C, who was a member of the legis- 
lature of 1910-11. The son who lives at Murphy, Chewan county, 
has a hunting lodge in the Indian reservation twenty miles from civiliza- 
tion. He spends his winters in California. 

VII, Elizabeth Martin; daughter of Colonel Joseph Martin and his 
v.'ife, Sally Hughes, married Captain Robert Williams, of Danville, Va. 
Their children were: 

Salfie; married Capt. D. T. Williams, of Danville. They live in 

Judge, and General, Samuel Williams; married, first, Margaret 
"rayson, home, Wytheville, Va.; second, Mrs. Walker, who was Miss 
Henry, of Tazewell county, Va. 

Judge Martin N. Williams; married Miss Westand, home, Parisburg, 

William C; married Miss Stockton. Home, Roanoke, Va. 

Thomas; married Patty Jennings. Home near Chimney Rock. 

Mary Alice; married Mr, CoUey. 

Bettie; married Mr. Dunn. 

Kate; married Mr Colley. 

VIII. Matilda Martin, daughter of Colonel Joseph Martin and his 
wife, Sally Hughes, was born at "Greenwood," in Henry county, Virginia. 
She married Dr. George Stovall Hairston, of Henry county. They 
were grandparents of Judge Nicholas Hardeman Hairston, of Roanoke, 
Virginia, a man distinguished in his profession and who has a large 
and lucrative practice. 

Bettie Haireton, the third daughter of Dr. Geoi^e Stovall Hairston 
and his wife, Matilda Martin, married first. Major Samuel Hale, who 
was killed in 1864 in the Battle of Spottsylvania. C. H. Ten years 
later she married Captain Lyrus Hyde Ingles, a great-great-grandson of 
the Mary Draper Ingles, whose capture by the Indians in the pioneer 
days of South-west Virginia has been written in the history of that sec- 
Children of Certain Lyras Hyde Ingles aod His Wife, Bettie Hairston 

George Hairston; married Mrs. Harriet Curd Greenway. 

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Bessie Crawford; married Charles W. Watkins after the dealb of 
her sister Maud, his first wife. 

Mary Lee. 

Mrs. Bettie Ingles is a member of the Cotonial Dames through 
John Page and the two Walter Chiles on her mother's side. She also 
cornea into the order on her father's side. Ht descends from Colonel 
Francis Epps of Charles City county, Virginia. 

IX. Thomas Martin, son of Colonel Joseph Martin and his wife, 
Sally Hughes, was a captain of a company in the Confederate army. He 
was a gallant soldier, and was killed in the battle of Malvern Hill, July 
I, 1862. He married a Miss Pannell, who survived him many years. 

X. Jane Martin, daughter of Colonel Joseph Martin and his wife, 
Sally Hughes, was born in the family homestead, "Greenwood," in 
Henry county, Va. She married John D. Watkins. They had one 
child, Susan Watkins, who married Colonel William Wirt. 

XI. Ella Martin, youngest daughter of Colonel Joseph Martin and 
his wife, Sally Hughes, was born at "Greenwood" in Henry county. 
She married Dr. John Robertson, April 8, 1852. 

The immigrant ancestor of Dr. Robertson settled first in Peters- 
burg, Virginia. Bishop Meade, in his book, "Old Families and Churches 
of Virginia," speaks of them as in Bristol parish. Of this same family 
was Chloe Robertson, who married Abraham Shellon in 1760. Dr. 
John Robertson descends from the Sheltons also. We think James 
Robertson, the pioneer of Tennessee, was closely related to Chloe 

Dr. John Robertson was a son of Thomas Robertson and a grand- 
son of Edward Robertson. The first American ancestor came to Vir- 
ginia from Scotland. The name is one honored in Great Britain. 

John Rot>ertson was born February 7, 1825, in Pittsylvania county, 
Va. He was a student at Washington College (now Washington and 
Lee), graduating from Jefferson Medical College at Philadelphia. 
Robertson inherited a large estate from his father, building a beauti- 
ful country home upon it, but lost it all in the war of '91-65. 

In 1875, Dr. Robertson moved from Virginia to StatesviUe, North 
Carolina, becoming a charter member of the Baptist church there. He 
died June 29, 1914. In spite of his great age, he was active and took 
great zest in life until three months before his death. His wife had 
died in 1899. 

In Dr. Robertson's old age his daughter Josephine was ever at his 
sioe. Old people are always full of reminiscences, and the Doctor's 
conversation with his daughter led her to become interested in family 
history, w^ich, to her, proved a most delightful research. She has aided 
the writer in her work. She says, "In the colonial days and the years 
following, when Virginia reached its highest state of development, and 
was graced by fair women and great men, some of our own played their 
part in that life." 

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MAJtim US 

The yoimgest son of Dr. John Robertson and his wife, EUa Martin, 
was Reverend J. D. Robertson, who died in 1899, whilei pwtor at Rock 
Hill, South Carolina. He was a graduate of Wake Forrest College and 
the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary. 

J. Martin Robertson also made his home with his father. He is a 
man who takes great interest in the affairs of the day. He is especially 
iiiteiested in Vie welfare of his county. 

ChUdren of Ella Martbu DangHer til Colonel JosefA Martin, 01 Henry 

County, Aar^B. and Her Hnstiand, Dr. John Roberteoo. 

of Plttaylranla County, Vlr^ida 

Joseph Thompson. 

John Martin. 

Josephine Martin. 

Ella Chlotikla; married John McLendon. 

Eugene Cook; married E. Couch, 

Archibald Thomas, L. t- D., married Ella T. Broadus. 

Rosalie Maud. 

Annabel O'Leary; married Preston Sartin. ''t ; 

John DarrelL 

ArcUbald Thomaa Robertson, M. A^ IX D^ L. L. D. 

Archibald Thomas Robertson, son of Dr. John Robertson and his 
wife, Ella Martin, was t)om in Pittsylvania county, Virginia, at the 
commodious Robertson home, which still stands. Bom in Virginia, rear- 
ed in North Carolina, and since manhood making his home in Louis- 
ville, Kentucky, he is a true Southerner, but a man of broad sympa- 

A. T. Robertson is Professor of Interpretation of the New Test» 
ment in the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary of Louisville. He 
has written many books, all of which have been bublished, not only 
in the United Slates, but throughout Europe. When "The Glory of the 
Ministry" came from the press, Dr. John Qifford, of London, England, 
said of it, "The book has tieen a gift of God to me. It is a breeze 
from the hills, bracing and life-giving, The exegesis is faultless, the 
style as clear as an unclouded sky and strong as the best steel, the 
sentences are short packed with meaning and radiant with energy. The 
volume will do incidculable good." David Smith, D. D., of Londonberry, 
Ireland; James Hastings, D. D., of Aberdeen, Scotland; James Stalker, 
of the same place; J. H. Rushbrooke, P. H. D., of London, and many 
other notable men gave to the public their appreciation of this book. 

After giving lectures at Chautauqua and at Northheld, Dr. Robert- 
son made an expanaon of his lectures in a book entitled "Practical 
and Social Aspects of Christianity — The Wisdom of James." "He makes 
use of all the tight which the rich findings of papyri throw on the sub- 

in 1901 he wrote "Life and Letters of John A. Broadus;" in 19M 

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"Students' Chronological New Testament;" in 1906, "Key Words in the 
Teachings of Jesus;" in 1911, "John, the Loyal—Studies in the 
Ministry of the Bfptist;" also his "Commentary on Matthew;" in 1915, 
"Syllabus of New Testament Study," etc. But the crowning achieve- 
ment of Dr. Robertson is his " Grammar of the Greek New Testament 
iu the Light of Historical Research." This work has had generous 
and wide-spread acceptance. It is said that by this work Dr. Robert- 
sen will be remembered in the ages to come. Alfred Plummer, the 
great British scholar and commentator, speaks of this as a "magnificent 
work." In the Scotsman (Edinburg) it is said of this book "It makes 
XV.e study of grammar interesting, and demonstrates by conspicuous 
example the importance (rf the historka] method in gramm tical 
studies." Professor James Moffat, of Mansfield College, Oxford, Eng- 
land, in the Expositor, says, "Professor Robertson has the credit of 
having brought out first a complete New Testament Grammar, in the 
light of modern research, on the lines of Jannavis rather than of Blass. 
America has outdistanced both England rnd Germany in this depart- 
ment, and we congratulate the author on his feat. . . We lay down this 
book with a sincere appreciation of the labor which has gone to it9 
making, with a cordial recognition of its aim, and with a sense of grat- 
itude to the author for the real service he has done for tfie science of 
New Testament grammar. , . The hard, true work of this grammar will 
not be thrown away. It is a remarkable achievement from whatever 
angle it is considered."' 

Dr. Edwin Mayser, of Stuttgart, Germany, says of this book, "(t is 
a veritable repertory of the Hellenistic speech with complete mastery 
of all problems and of the entire literature." 

Professor F. W. Groshiede, Freie University, Amsterdam, Hofland, 
says of it, "For a longi time it will be the book that is to be consulted 
by every student of the New Testament." 

While Dr. Robertson has received appreciation in almost all the 
cduntries of Europe, he is not a prophet without honor in his own land. 
Scholarly men all over America and Canada recognize his worth in 
this grand contribution to learning. This book of his is in sympathy 
with the new point of view as a result of the papyric discoveries. He 
did research at Oxford, England. Dr. Robertson is often called to 
institutions of learning to make a series of lectures, sometimes to 
Chicago University, Columbia University, etc. 

He is patriotic and believes in preserving tradition, being a Son 
of the American Revolution. He entered this order through his lineal 
ancestor. General Joseph Martin. His colonial ancestry runs back 
through Joseph Martin, who married Susanna Chiles, to Colonel John 
Page, founder ot the distinguished Page family of Virginia, whose tomb is 
at Brutofl church, Williamsburg. Virginia. John Page wrs a member of 
the King's Council. He came to Virginia in 1656, dying January 30. 
1691 (see \(A. XIX, pages 104, 211, 324 and 437 of the Vir^nia Maga- 

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zlneofHistmy and Biography; also Obid, aJao Xltl-2; alBoWUliam and 
Maiy Quarterly, Vol. V-272). The hne run* thus; Col. John Page. Col. 
John Page had a daughter, Mary Page, married Walter Chiles, also mem- 
ber House of Burgesses. They had a son, Waller Chiles, also member 
House of Burgesses, whose wife was Deanor. They had a son, John 
Chiles, who was father of Susanna Chiles, wife of Joseph Martin. They 
had sons, Gen.Joseph Martin, Captain William Martin, Col. John Martin, 
of •■Rock-House," Brice MHrtin. Qcn, Joseph Martin bad a son, Cot. 
Joseph Martin, of Henry county, Va. He had a daughter, Ella Martin, 
■who married Dr. John Robertson. They had a son, Archibald T, Robert- 
son. L. L. D. 

Archibald T. Robertson married Ella T. Broadus, daughter of Dr, 
John Albert Broadus, of Louisville, Kentucky. So their children have 
in their veins the Wood of this truly great and good man. The Courier 
Journal of April 9, I9ia. in a sketch of Dr. Broadus, speaks of him as 
"The Rrst Otizen of LouisvHle." He took a deep interest in the social 
commert:ial and iesthetie development of the city, as well as in its 
reli^'ous life. Even after becoming president of the Southern Baptist 
Theological Seminary, he did not relinguish his class-work, but re- 
tained the chairs of New Testament Interpretation and Homilitics. 
Here his chief work was done, as he helped to mould the life o* thous- 
ands of young men, some of whom stand in the most influential pulpits 
of to-day; some are found in village churches; many are preaching the 
"good news" in the jungles of Africa, and some are telling the wondrous 
story in the streets of Tokio and Pekin and in South America. 

Dr. Broadus loved the class-work. Once he was offered $15,000 
a year as pastor of the church in New York which John D. Rockafeller 
attends, but declined the offer. It was inl88S that Dr. Broadus was 
made president of the Southern Theological Seminary. He was a man 
of great learning and eloquence, ft was said of him that "he was greater 
in his simplicity and humility than in his learning and eloquence." He 
was with General Robert E. Lee as chaplain. They were strong person- 
al friends. Although a true citizen of the reunited nation. Dr. Broadus 
ever retained a love for the Stars and Bars and walked in line wi[h his 
Itllow veterans of the grey to pay a last tribune to the humblest comrade 
who had answered the flnal roll call. 

Children of ArctdbaM T. Robertson and His Wife, EIIb T. Broadna 

Eleanor; married John A. Easley, Jr., of Manning, S. C, 1921. 

Charlotte; died 1917. 




Charlotte Robertson, who died when seventeen years old, was a 
girl of unusual mentality. Her teacher, Grace W. Landrum, wrote a 
hiography of her in which she said: "I have written a little biography 
of the most brilliant young girl I ever knew. Her seventeen years' were 
spent in an environment both charming and distinctive. 

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"Of all my students, even (yf all my claes-mates at Radcliffe and 
the University of Chicago, she was the only one whom 1 thought destined 
to fill among her generation the place of an Alice Freeman Palmer." 

JtH^ and Oeneral Samnel W Wmiuns 

Samuel Williams, son of Robert Willtams, of Danville, Virginia, 
and his wife, Elizabeth Martin (who was a daughter of Colonel Joseph 
Martin, of Henry county, Va.) was born and reared in Pittsylvania 
county, Va. 

When a mere boy Williams enlisted in the Confederate anny dur- 
iiig the closing years of the war. His gather's family, as was the case 
over the entire Southland, suffered reverses of fortune during the war. 
So Williams, early in life, was thrown out on his own resources. 
He went to Wythville, Va., and began the practice of law. He was one 
of Virginia's most distinguished lawyers, serving on the bench and later, 
in 1907, was elected attorney-general and collector for the State of 
Virginia, in which capacity he made a brilliant record. 

He loved with a perfect devotion the Southland and the Confeder- 
ate cause. At all reunions of United Confederate Veterans, General 
Samuel W. Willtams was found. He had posts of honor in this body. 
He was on General Stephen D. Lee's Staff when the Confederate re- 
union was held in Richmond, Virginia, in 1907. 

General Williams married Margaret Grayson, of Bland county, 
Va., a daughter of Captain Andrew Grayson and granddaughter of 
William Grayson. The old home in Bland gouunty, in which Mrs. 
Williams was born and reared, is a splendidly built old house, large 
and spacious, as were most >^rginia houses of that day. The elaborrle 
carving is hand-work. The nails used were all hand-made. The house 
was built when Virginia was a colony of England, and is still occupied 
by the family (1907). It is spacious, consisting of fifteen rooms, and 
is called "Green Meadows," reflecting something of the past days of 
Virf^nia, being one of the old land-marks. 

Margaret Grayson Williams' Crockett ancestors were among the 
first settlers about Draper's Meadows, Southwestern Virginia. Some 
information may be found of them in "Gleams of Virginia," by Boocher. 

Judge Srmuel Williams and his wife, Margaret Grayson, had ten 
children, seven sons and three daughters. 

judge Williams married a second time, a Miss Henry, 

Annie Ruffin Williams, only child of Sally W. Williams and Capt. 

D. T. Williams, was born in ■ — , Virginia. She married Riley 

Miles Gilbert, of New York City, having met Mr. Gilbert at White Sul- 
phur Springs, Virginia. They have a summer home on Lake George. 
She is a brilliant woman and he is a man of affairs. 

Of the Hairston connection is Mrs. Marv Moore Barksdale (Mrs. 

O. J.), of Marks. Miss. She is daughter ol Edward S. Moore and his 

. wife, Alice Elizabeth Hairaton, and granddaughter of Richard Edward 

Moore. An aunt of here. Mre. Bettie Hairston. lives in Martinsville, Va. 

We will give an incident which illustrates the uncertrsinty in finan- 

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cial affaire after the close ot the World war: A kinsman of Mr. Barks- 
dale, Mr. Selwyn Jones, owned a plantation of 17,000 acres in the 
Mississippi delta, near Greenwood. In 1919, when prices of land were 
soaring, he was offered one and a half million dollars for this land with 
all improvements, but refused the offer. The price of cotton fell and 
lebor was still high. In 1921 this place was in the hands of a receiver. 
Captain Wnilam Martin (1742-1809) 

William Martin, son of Joseph Martm and his wife, Susanna Chiles, 
was bom in Albemarie county, Virginia, in 1742. He died in Stokes 
county. North Carolina, in 1809. William Martin was reared tn that 
part of Pittsylvania county which was cut off and made Patrick and 
Heliry counties. 

He married Rachel Dalton, daughter of Samuel Datton, of Mayo 
river, Rockingham county. North Carolina. TTiis home is about ten 
miles from "Hughesville." 

Captain Martin is buried at "Hughesville" in the old family oury- 
ing ground in Patrick county, Virginia. 

Captain Martin's wife, Rachel Dalton, lived to be quite old. She 
was born in 1746 and died in Stokes county in 1836. 

Pittsylvania county, Va., had been cut off from Halifax county in 
1767, and named in honor of the great English statesman, William Pitt, 
the friend of the American coloniea. Captain Martin's postoffice was 
"Penn's Store." Here he had settled some of the family of William 
Penn. This Penn family intermarried extensively with the Martin and 
Hughes families. Some of the Penns later settled in Danville, Va.. and 
engaged in the tobacco business. Danville, we know, is the largest 
loose leaf tobacco market in the world. 

Before the opening of the Revolutionary war, William Martin was 
county lieutenant, in looking over old Pittsylvania records, we find in the 
appointment of officers, by the Committee of Safety, on Wednesday, 
the twenty-seventh ot September, 1775, many family names. Some ot 
the captains appointed at this time were this man, William Peters 
Martin, and his brothfer, Joseph Martin, who was later General; and 
Archelaus Hughes, who was later colonel of a Virginia regiment. Col- 
onel Hu{^es and Captain Martin had married sisters. Jonathan Hanby, 
who married another of the Dalton asters, was also made captain on this 
day. We see that Captain John Dillard, another family connection, in 
the Spring of 1778, marched with his company to the frontier, AH 
of the Pittsylvania militia was ordered to the assistance of Genera! Na- 
thaniel Greene after General Gates' defeat at Camden, when Greene waf 
Biven command of the Southern army. In Henry couunty is preserved 
the original "General Order," issued March, 1781, ordering them to 
the assistance of General Green. The Pittsylvania men took part in 
the Battle of Guilford Court House, This included Captain William 
Martin and his company. In the Summer of 1781, after Cornwallis hr.d 
entrenched himself behind the fortifications at Vorktown, the Governor 
of Virginia ordered the militia of the various counties to the aege of 

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York. The foIlowinK item from the Claim Records tells us of tbe,Pitl- 
sylvania order: "To Richard Todd, Riding Express, for giving the 
militia officers notice and finding himself four days in consequence of his 
Excellency, the Governor's order, to order one-fourtb of the militia to the 
siege of York" (see pages 255, 256, 257. 258 and 259 of the American 
Monthly Magazine of the Daughters of the American Revolution for 
June, 1912. Here quotation is made from original county records). 

Thus we see that Captain William Martin bore his part in the 
Revolutionary struggle. Another evidence o( his sLTvice is the fact 
that he had a grant of land from North Carolina at the close of the 
continental war. His family had moved to North Car<riina during the 
war. North Carolina, at the close of the war, made grants of land to 
her soldiers in payment for gallant service in time of battle. WiHiam 
Martin received a grant of 1,280 acres of land. This land was in 
Tennessee, which was then a part of North Carohna, being in what is 
now Wilson county (see page 841, Goodspeed History of Tennessee). 

Perhaps it is well enough to bring in here some <AbLt family names 
and their Revolutionary service which we find in county records re- 
ferred to above. In Jnne, 1776, Captain Thomas DiDard and Ensign 
Robert Dalton commanded a company of minute men. They marched 
from Pittsylvania through the counties of Halifox, Charlotte and Dun- 
widdie to the town of Petersburg, crossed James river at Cobham's, 
proceeding on by way of Jamestown and Qeve's old tavern until 
Gwynes Idand was reached. Here they were stationed for five or six 
weeks under General Lewis, and took part in the Battle of Gwynes 
Idand, foughf July 9, 1776. In 1778 we find that Captain Thomas 
Dillard commanded a company that marched direct from Pittsylvania 
to Isaac Riddle's house, twelve miWs above the Long Island of the Hoi- 
ston river, thence on to Boonsboro, Kentucky, where they were sta- 
tioned three months. 

Samuel Dalton (1699-1802), of Mayo, the father of Rachel Dalton 
Martin, we are told in the old family chronicle written by Dr. Robert 
Hunter Dalton and filed in the archives of the Missouri Historical So- 
ciety, "was the wealthiest man in all the Piedmont region, both of Vir- 
ginia and North Carolina." William Martin himself was a man of 

After Martin had gone to war, this family moved to Stokes coun* 
ty. North Carolina, upon inherited land estate in order to be near Col- 
onel Jack Martin, his brother, of "Rockhouse." 

Captain William Martin was a man of culture and refinement, being 
much given to studious habits. After the close of the Revolutionary war 
he became a minister of the gospel. His wife had all the advantages 
of the Twriod in which she lived. The Dalton sisters all married sol- 
diers of the Revolution. MaryD..Iton married Orfonel Archelaus Hughes, 
Matilda Dalton married Captain lonathan Hanby, who is spoken of 
in history as "Francis Marion's right hand," and another sister was the 
w'fe of Major Joseph Winston, hern of Kind's Mountain. 

These sisters had the honor of knowing George Washington in 



his own* home. John Dalton, a brother of their father, lived in Alex- 
andria, Va. He was a member of the firm Carlyle & Dalton. These 
sisters often visited their uncle in Alexandria. On pages 268 and 270 of 
Meade's Old Families and Churches, Vol. II, it can be seen that vestry- 
men chosen from St. Mark's parish March 28, 1765, included the follow- 
ing names, together with the number of votes received: John West, 340; 
Chas. Alexander, 309; Wm. Payne, 304; John Dalton, 281; George 
Washington, 274; John Pasey, 222, etc. 

We suppose John Dalton received more votes than did George 
Washington because of his age. 

John Dalton's home still stands in Alexandria. It is a house of four 
stories and is now a home tor the aged. This house, Dalton-Herbert 
home, is only a few steps from; the Carlyle house, the old home of his 
partner in bunness. 

J(An Dalton and George Washington were good friends, and this 
speaks well for Dalton's character. 

In Stokes county, North Carolina, Captain William Martin and his 
family were near his brother. Colonel Jack Martin of "Rock House." 
They were also near the home of Major Joseph Winston. The wives 
of Captain Martin and Major Winston were sisters. Many others who 
lived in this section at that time made history illustrious. Thus we see 
tiiat the social atmosphere of the homes was desirable. 

We can learn something of the mother of Captain and Reverend 
William Martin in Vol. 8, Virpnia Magaiire ol Hlsrr.ry and Biographv. 
Here is copied a sketch of William Martin's brother. General Jostpii 
Martin. This sketch was written lor Lyman C. Draper in 1842. The 
original of this sketch may be found in the Draper Manuscripts in the 
Wisconsin State Library. The sketch was written by Colonel William 
Martin, of Dixon Springs, Tennessee, a son of General Joseph Martin. 
He says: "My grandmother, that is Susanna (Chiles) Martin, was one 
of the best of womankind — her parents of English descent. They rais- 
ed a large family of children, all highly respectable and from whom 
has descended an immense offspring, as the Waller, Carr, Lewis, Marks, 
Overton, Minor, Terry, Chiles families, etc., now spread mostly through 
the South and West." 

Children of Capttin Wmiatn Martin (1742-1809) and Hb Wife, R&chel 

1. Nancy Martin married Archelaus Hughes, a son of Colonel 
Archelaus Hughes of Patrick county, Va., and nis wife, Mary Dalton. 

2. Sally Martin married Captain John Hughes, February 7, 1798, 
a son of Colonel Archelaus Hughes, of Patrick county, Va„ and his 
wife, Mary Dalton. 

3. General William Martin (1781-1843), of Williamson cotmty, 
Tennessee, whom we shall mention later. 

4. Brice Martin, died rather young, leaving two daughters. 

5. Virginia Martin married Samuel Oarlt, who was born in Albe- 
marle county, Virginia. 

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6. Susan Martin married Moore, a son of Matthew Moore 

and his wife, Letitia Dalton. Her husband was a brother ^f CoverDot 
Gabriel Moore, of Alabama. He was also a brother of Samuel Moore, 
who married a sister of Edmund Pendleton Gaines. 

7. -^ Mart*'- married Charlps banner. He was a member 

01 the House of Commons in Stokes couunty, Nortli Carlina, 1797-I8(B. 

Ilieir son, John Banner, was a merabcr of this body to 1829 (see 
Wheeler's History of North Car<dina). 

8. Polly Martin married Daniel Hammock, who died in 182Ql She 
was still Tiving in 1840. The writer has old letters written by Daaiel 
Hammock. He lived near Huntsville, Alabama. In these letters he 
speaks of Covemot Gabriel Moore living near him. This was when 
Dfoiel Hammock was a boy. 

9. Mary Martin married Moon, who was a native of Albe- 
marle county, Virginia. They lived at Snow Creek, North CaroBnarBnd had 
a large family. They were both living in 1838. Senator Thomas 
Staples Martin is of this branch flirough both the Martin and Moon 

John Banner, in a letter to his UKle, General WilUam Martin, ol 
WiDiamson county, Tenn. and dated Snow Creek, N. C, January 24, 
1838, says at the close of the letter, "Virginia joins me in tendering our 
best respects to you, to Uncle Samuel and bmily and to Uncle John 
Hughes and family. Also to Aunt Virginia. Your sister Mary, and 
Esquire Moon and family, and Aunt Susan Moore wish also to be re- 
m 'mbered to you and all the connection." 

Then he adds, by way of postscript, "I forgot to say to you that 
Matt C. Moon was lately married to Miss Mary Ann McHenry of Sul- 
livan county, Tenn, She is a granddaughter of old Uncle Ambrose 

In this letter John Banner speaks of having sold some of Gen. Wm. 
Martin's land in Stokes county, N, C, to Mr. John Chandler end took 
his bond for payment of same, with Absolem Scales and Andrew 
Martin as securities. Then he goes on to speak of the New York elec- 
tions, expresffl'ng his gratification, and adds, "1 hope by this time you 
are convinced that the littld Van does not suit the best interests of the 
American people as their Chief Magistrate." He further says, "Your 
old friend and relation, Nicholas Dalton, of Rockingham county, is no 
more. He departed this life about three weeks ago. Your cousin, 
Sam'I Dalton, Sr., is also dead. I think he expired on June last. A 
very serious occurrence on Saturday last in Patrick county: Mr. Ga- 
briel Penn, the youngest son of Col. Oreen Penn, accidentally shot 
himself dead," etc. Mary Martin Moon, spoken of above, had married 
her cousin. He was of the same family as judge Schuyler Moon, an 
uncle of Senator Thomas Staples Martin, of Albemarle county, Vir- 

General WnUsm Msrfin (t781-1843) 

William Martin, son of Captain William Martin and his wife, Rachel 
Dalton (1746-1836), was born in Stokes county. North Carolina, in 

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MARim isr 

August, 1781. He died in Williamson county, Tennessee, in 1343. He was 
never married, During the Revolutionary war bis father's iamily moved 
from Virginia to Stokes qounty. North Carolina, to be near his uncle; 
Colonel Jack Martin, of "Rock House," al&o near the home of Rachel 
Dalton's father, Samuel Dalton, of Rockingham, N. C Here Captain 
William Martin and his wife both died. She lived to be ninety years old. 
When quite a young man, the West seemed to lure the son, Wil- 
liam. In 1806 he came to live in Tennessee, in Williamson county. His 
own cousin, William Martin, son of General Joseph Martin, had come 
lo Dixon Springs, Smith county, Tenn., to live, in 1798. Thei two men 
have often been confused by students of history; both were bom in 
Virginia, both came to Tennessee to live early in life, both went to 
the war of 1812 and bore the tifle of colonel. The writer, who served 
- as State Historian United Daughters of 1812, wrote for the order a 
sketch of the lives of these two men; Colonel William Martin, of Wil- 
liamson county, Tennessee, and Colonel William Martin, of Dixon 
Springs, Smith county, Tenn. The writer was born and reared in 
the old home in which William Martin had lived, and died. She has 
among letters by Colonel William Martin, of Dixon Springs, one to 
Captain John Hughes, with whom Colonei William Martin, of Wil- 
liamson counuty, made his home. In this letter the Dixon Springs Martin 
asks to be remembered to "my highly respected kinsman. General (Wil- 
lis m) Martin." 

Much of the correspondence of the Williamson county Martin 
came into the hands of the writer, letters which throw light on his life. 
He had correspondence with many men of note. There are tettters 
from Lewis Cass, while Secretary of War during Jackson's administra- 
tion, messages from Sam Houston, letters from John Bell, Governor 
Cannon, Adam Henderson, etc. 

In the war of 1812, William Martin, of Williamson county, at Pen- 
sacola, served as Major, distinguished himself in the battle. At the 
Battle of New Orleans, two months later, he was in command as Major, 
and also was detailed for service on General Jackson's staff, with title 
Colonel. "Here," the old Dalton chronicle says, "he covered himself 
with glory." In the library of the Missouri Historical Association at 
St Louis is filed valuable manuscript written by Dr. Robert Hunter 
Dalton. Dr. Dalton was bom in Rockingham county. North Carolina, 
in 1806. He was a near kinsman of William Martin, and was thirty- 
seven years old when General Martin died. These men were reared in 
the same tocalitv and were intimate friends. We will say by way of 
parenthe»s that Dr. Dalton was a surgeon in the Con*ederate army, with 
pest at Danville, Virginia. In this record Dr. Dalton says: "General 
Willim Martin, or 'Buck' Martin, as he was familtariy called, of Ten- 
nessee, fought with General Andrew Jackson in the Indian wars, and 
covered himself with gkwy at the Battle of New Orieans." 

Robert Hunter Dalton's recbrds are also to be found wifli his daugh- 
»tr, Mrs. Kate Henderson D. Smith. Concord, Contra Costa county, 
California, and with his niece, Mrs. Bettie Dalton Kennedy, of "DaltO- 



nia Farms," Houstonville, North Carolina. The writer has the old red 
sash worn by Colonel William Martin, of Williamson county, at the 
Battle of New Orleans. When she was young this sash was for a long 
time in the rooms of the Tennessee Historical Society in Nashville, 
Tennessee, and bore the label showing that it was worn by Colonel 
William Martin, of Williamson county, at the Battle of New Orieans. 

The writer not only has some of this man's correspondence, but she 
possesses some of his business papers, extracts from public speeches, 
etc. Another evidence that he was witii General Jackson at the Battle 
of New Orieans is found in a letter written him by a friend. Little- 
berry Criggs, from Sparta, Georgia, Oclot}er II, 1840. In this he says, 
"Our election is over, and news enough has reached us to satisfy us 
thai Democracy is defeated. Whigism has triumphed, but it is destin- 
ed to be short lived." He goes on' to say: "It has been asserted here 
by the A^igs that General Jackson was not at the battleground at 
New Orleans, but was three miles off at the time the battle was fought. 
This declaration may astonish you, but to us who witness the course 
pursued by our opponents, such statements are not surprising, 1 shall 
takeit as a favor if you will inform me what you know about the fact so 
explicitly as to leave no grounds for quibbling. There are but few of 
Jackson^ soldiers in this section of the country, and I write to you be- 
cause it will be in your power to obtain testimony from many of those 
who were our comrades in arms on that occa»'on. This testimony I 
wish to accompany your own in whatever form you may think best." 

Miss Roseline Russwurm. of Rutherford county, Tennessee, a 
daughter of General John Sumner Russwurm and niece of General Wil- 
li;im Martin, says. "General Martin was in the battles of Talladega, Tal- 
lahatchie, Horseshoe Bend, the Battle of New Orleans," etc. 

Standing so near Andrew Jackson, the brilliancy of the chief threw 
into the background minof officers. Both at New Orleans and at Pen- 
sacola Martin was renowned for dash and bravery. At the 
Battle of Pensacota, which was fought November 6, 1814, William 
Martin was Major. Jackson was here at the head of 4,000 men. He 
?c*vanced from Fort Montgomery and demanded from the Spanish gov- 
ernor possession of the forts at Pensacota. This was refused, although 
Spain claimed to be neutral; so Jackson stormed the town. The forts 
were surrendered, and the British driven from the harbor. Here, we 
are told, "Major Willinm Martin performed a signal service to his 
cduntry, as well as a brave and fearless act. in carryine the cannon 
into the very face of the enemv. to plav upon their ranks" (see Reso- 
lutions upon his death and n'tMished in hia county newspapers). 

After Colonel Martin's return from the war we find that he rep- 
resented Williamson county in the legislature from 1815 to 1821 (see 
paee 791. History of Tennessee, Goodspeed Piiblishinir Companv). In 
1833 he was again a member of the legislature (see Mr. Park Mrshall's 
sketch of Tennes.iee histo'v^. 

In 1825 Martin represented Williamson county in the le^slature. 
This year he writes to his brother-in-law. Captain John Hughes, who 

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fhen Sv«d in Patrick county, Virginia, telling him of the campaign, aiid 
of his election. He was elected over a strong opponent, Perkins. 

In a speech later in life, made before his constituents when running 
for some county office, he said: "I have served you in various sta- 
tions of life, socnetbnes when duty was easy and agreeable of perform- 
ance. At oflier times when hardships and privations were to be bome. 
... I have contended for your ri^ts and privileges in the trying 
scenes of life when there was danger in almost every step," 

On September 4, 1824, Governor CarroU commissioned William 
Martin Brigadier General of the Ninth Brigade of state militia. His com- 
mission reads as follows: "State of Tennessee, To all who shall see 
this presents, greeting. Know ye ttiat reposing special trust and confi- 
iJence in the Patriotism, Valor, Conduct, and fiddity of William Mar- 
tin of the county ol Williamson, we do commission him Brigadier 
General of the Ninfli Brigade of the militia of the State, and do au- 
thorize and empower him to execute and fulfill the duties of Brigadier 
General of the said Brigade during good behaviour, with all the power, 
privilege, and emoluments thereto of right appertaining. And the said 
William Martin is hereby required to obey his superior officers, lawful 
orders and commands, and all officers and privates under his command 
are to be olwdient to him as aforesaid. In witness whereof we have 
caused the Great Seal of the State to be herewith affixed. Witness Wil- 
liam Carroll, Esq., our Governor, and Commander in Chief, at Murfrees- 
boro, the 4th day of September, 1S24, and in the 49th year of the 
independence of the United States. By The Governor, Wm. Carrtdl. 
Daniel Graham. Secretary of State." 

The writer holds this commtssion, which bears the State Seal. 
The commission was eageriy sought by four candidates, for it carried 
with it the additions) hoior of being in command of the militia when 
General Lafoyette, the idol of America and hero of two continents, 
should reach Nashville on his tour of the States. 

An old letter written August 4, 1824, by Archl. Hughes from Wil- 
liamson county, Tennessee, to his father, Captain John Hughes, of Pat- 
rick county, Virginia, shows that Colonel Lewis, Colonel Brady, CohMiel 
Parish and perhaps others, were candidates for Brigadier General at 
this time, William Martin being chosen for the position. , In this letter 
the death of Judge Trimble, of Nashville, "a few days since," Is told of. 
The writer has in her possession a picture of General William Martin 
as he appeared before General Lafayette during hig vi»t to Nashville 
in 1825. In this picture he is in regimentals, in a General's uniform. 

The Marquis de Lafayette arrived in Nashville on May 4, 1825. 
During his stay here he reviewed the millitia which had gathered to 
do him honor. 

Napoleon Bonaparte paid tribute to the men who had fought under 
Jackson. When ^own some of the crude weapons with which our 
men won the day at New Orieans, he exclaimed. "With such men at 
my command, I could promenade across Europe!" 

In 1842, W. B. Gordon, who had married a niece of Oeneral Martin, 



writes to faim from his home in New Orleans. Gordon had twen to 
Texas, and had seen Martin's old friend, Governor Sam Houston. He 
tells his uncle that Houston spoke of the high place he occupied in his 
estimation, and that he wanted to appoint him to some office of trust 
ill Texas. Ht intimates a possible appointment in his cabinet, but adds 
that suspicion was abroad in Texas that he would fill all worthy of- 
hces with U. S. citizens, and Houston had resolved to disappoint their 

General William Martin, of Williamson county, Tenn., was a man 
of wann heart and courtly manner. He enjoyed the social side of 
life, and, never having married, visited much among his relatives. Old 
family papers prove that he was frequently in the home of Governor 
Gabriel Moore, of Alabama. Governor Moore lived near HuntsviUe. 
Martin was often in the home of General Joseph Martin in Henrj 
county, Va., and at "Greenwood," the home of Colonel Joseph Martin, of 
Henry couunty. Colonel Joseph Martin's wife was Sallie Hughes. General 
Martin was often at "Hughesville," in Patrick county, Va. This was 
the home of Cot. Archelaua: Hughes, of the Revolution. He was a fre- 
quent guest at "Rockhouse," the home of his father's brother. Col. 
Jack Martin, of Stokes county, N. C, and in Major Joseph Winston's 
home. The wife of this heA> of King's Mountain was a sister of WilUam 
Martinis mother. Afterwards his old home passed into the hands of 
General Joseph Winston, whose wife. Letitia Hughes Winston, was a 
niece of General William Martin. There was so much of intermarriage 
between these families. General William Martin was a cousin of General 
Edmund Pendleton Gaines and the two men were very intimate. Then 
a sister of Gen. Gaines and Susan Martin, s sister of General Wm. 
Martin, married brothers of Governor Gabriel Moore. Again. O^onel 
Joseph Martin, of North Carolina, a son of Colonel John Martin, of 
'Rock House," married Hetty Gaines, a sister of General Edmund Pen- 
dleton Gaines. 

General E. P. Gaines was a son of Captain James Gaines and his 
wife, Elizabeth Strother. (See Virginia Magazine of History and Bi- 
ography, 12, 203, — 4, which reads as follows: "Captain James Gaines 
w?s a soldier and a statesmkn much honored in North Carolina, where 
he settled (Surrey county) soon after the Revolution, and died in Sul- 
livan county, Tennessee." He was a nephew of Judge Edmund Pendle- 
ton. His father, William Gaines, married Isabella Pendleton (and Mary, 
her sister, married James Gaines, a brother of William). 

General Edmund Pendleton Oaine's father, Captain James Gaines, 
commanded a company of volunteers and did good service (see 'T)ar- 
ing Deeds of American Generals"). 

General Gaines and General Martin were near the same age. 
General Gaines dying six years before General Martin. 

William Martin enjoyed life in New Orleans. As we have said 
before, "he won his spurs" at the Battle of New Orieans. When his 
chief, General Jackson, was feted here, he, as a member of Jackson's 
staff, enjoyed the triumph. A nephew of his, W. B. Gordon; lived in 

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the Creacent City. The mother of Edmund P. Gaines' last wife was a 
Cr«dc, Zumite Carrier des Oranges Clarlc. This gave General Martin 
entre into Creole society. 

It seems that later in life General Martin fell a victim to Cupd'g dart. 
We gather this from a letter written him by his nephew, Sam Clark, 
from New Orleans, dated March 26, 1836. Samuel Uark lived on 
Red river and, as many planters did in those days, he would go to 
New Orleans to |^n his business affairs, to lay in plantation supplies, 
and, incidentally, to enjory life. Here he met with their kinswoman, 
Mrs. Polly Harbour, to whom, it appears, General Martin had lost bis 
heart. We will quote the letter in full: "New Orelans, March 26, 
IR36. Dear Uncle Billy: I landed at this great city on Monday last, 
having left my bachelor cabin on the preceding Thursday. I came 
here to ley in supplies and to make some monied arrangements for 
future operations. 1 have had but little difficulty in arranging my busi- 
ness, and am now ready to start home. I shall be off tomorrow on 
the same boat that 1 came down on (steamer Cumberland). I have 
met with many acquaintances here from Tennessee and elsewhere, 
among them your old hiend. Jack Bradley. He made numerous in- 
quiries about you and the rest of the family — sent his best respectis to 
you and all. He requested me to say to you that he bad cut a very 
pretty orange stick from the battleground below this city and had 
sent it to you a short time since by an acquaintance whose name 1 
have forgotten, but who promised tatbfuUy to give it to you. He wishes 
you to accept it as memento of his regard for his old friend. Jack 
Uvea in Texas, Davidson and Jalsey in Long Prairie, Arkansas, near 
Red river, above the raft. Jalsey has eight children only, and her 
husband is rich. , Davidson is doing only so-so; takes his liquor too 
freely. The old lady died last fall. Last evening the steamer Bayuo 
Sarah arrived, and who should be aboard but my Aunt Polly Harbour. 
She is accompanied by her »ster, Mrs. Kenney, her daughter, Chariotte 
(the widow Richardson), and her son, Ewell. She was delighted to 
see me, of course, and I assure you, «r, 1 was very much pleased to 
see tfiem. We had a great deal of talk about Tennessee and Tennessee 
folks, though your name has not been mentioned yet. I shall take 
occasion to do so if opportunity offers tor conversation when there it 
not as much company as 1 have heretofore met in her rooms. She is 
gtAng to Philadelphia this Spring with Ewell, who goes there for the 
purpose of attending the medical lectures. I have l>een persuading 
her with aU my might to go through Tennessee. Sometimes she is 
willing to go if she can get off in time, but she always winds up by put- 
ting some difGculty in the way. I think she will not come through 
Tennessee. 1 proposed to call at her house on my way up and gallant 
her to Tennessee, if she'd go, and be responsible for company back in 
the Fall (which charge. 1 have no doubt, you would take off my hands 
with a great deal of pleasure), but I fear it won't all do. However, I 
have got Cousin Charlotte on my aide, and if we succeed in getting 
the old lady to go, I will write you again. Time has worsted the old 

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lady a little, though she laces up and looks |H«tty spruce, DOtwiO- 
standing. She says nothing, about marrying, taut she looks like she 
would do it, provided always, she could meet with an opportunity to 
suit her. I think If you would come down here and make a set at her. 
you could trip her up. Jane has married a Mr. Williams, who was 
reared about ten miles hom them. He is a few weeks younger than 
lane, i cannot gather from the cM lady whether she is pleased or 
not. I asked her why she let Jane marry — that 1 was expecting to go 
there this Spring on purpose to court her. She replied thai she could 
n&t keep her «ngle always. Please let mother know that you heard from 
me, and remember me to her and the family. Truly yours, Sam Clark." 

There are other letters to General Martin from this nephew, Sam 
Oark, which throw some hght on the prosperity of Southern planters 
in those days. 

There are many letters from General John Sumner Russwurm, 
whose wife was Sally Clark, a sister of Sam Clark and of Martin Clark, 
the Methodist preacher. She was a daughter of General Martin's sis- 
ter, Virginia Martin Clark. 

Among General Martin's notes of his public speeches is a short 
extract in which he seems to be defending General Jackson's position 
ill bis wife's divorce case. 

To give some idea of General Martin's style of ktter-wnting, we 
copy one of his letters to his brother-in-law. Captain John Hughes: 

"20th March, 1824. Captain John Hu^es, Patrick County, Ytr- 
ginia. Dear Sir: I am now in Na^ville. It is a late hour: the foot- 
steps of passengers are heard no more on the pavements, and the 
nmse of the busy worid has all died away with the late hour of the 
ni^t I sit solitary and alone at~ my table to offer up a few moments 
at the holy shrine of friendship before 1 lie down, but my pen is not 
able to do justice to that subject when in so feeble a hand I never 
think of my native neighborhood and friends in it but with the most 
tender reflectiona and doting regret, and an opportunity to renew with 
them again the exercise of that friendship, which would be the zMt 
of all mv enjoyments. I have often thought it a pity that I coultf not 
spend my whole life in a society of sdect friends and acquaintances 
with sentiments hilly according to my own, of which you would make 
one, secluded from the miseries and distresses of the worid, sliut out 
from the angry and ambitious strifes which daily torture the bowels of 
society, aloof from the strategems of iniquity and of factions, interest, 
and dupes in the human character that are daily deceiving the honest 
heart and rendering man odious to his fellow man. This is a doleful 
picture that this world presents to our view, and we are not permitted 
to remain the idle spectators of the scene. Our wants and necessities 
force us to mingle in the tragedy, and snatch our humble boon from 
the gaping multitude, having but a moment now and then to enjoy 
social virtues. While we thus act our part in the drama of human hfe, 
it affords consolation to the friendly heart to receive a line from his 
absent friend, containing a history of the times and subjects tint inter- 

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est himself. Thus the absent companion can see the life of his fellow 
pictured tQ his view, he views his scroll as the type of bis mind; and 
while he reads his history of occurrences, he figures to his mind the 
personal visage of his friend, becomes interested in the narrations, 
patrtictpates in the feelings expressed, and thus he en}oys real and 
positive communication, this is the friendship I enjoy wHh you. As 
respects myself, 1 have done no good «nce I took that fatal appoint- 
ment It marred all my peace aad happiness, and hung a gloomy 
cloud over jne for months; but a ray of peace and hope has at length 
shone along my dreary way, and I begin to hope for better times. 
Arctielaus arrived here in good health and appears to be tolerably well 
satisfied. He will add much to my contorts. 1 am highly pleased with 
his principles: he appears to be an immediate piece of myself (Note 
by the Author: This was Archekus Hughes, his Sister Nancy's son, 
and brother of Leilv (Hughes) Winston). I went to Doctor Sandery 
t<( see about his tobacco. It has arrived safe, but I could not expect 
a sale. I think it will be a bad article in that State in consequence if so 
much beinp taken there from Kentucky. It is Archelaus' opinion that 
't had better remain here until you come yourself. My best respects 
to Sister; tell her I hope her last day« will afford her much pleasure; 
hope her many sons will be an ornament to her and her connection, 
and her little daughters will comfort her in her old age; and when she 
has received an the enjoyments allowed for her below, she may be 
received in the mansion above, where the wicked cease from troubling 
and the weary are at rest, is the wish of her affectionate brother. Ac- 
cept for yourself my best wishes for your welfare here and here- 
after. I must lie down; the watchman has passed my door and cried 
the hoar of twelve. Wm. Martin." 

We will copy an article from the county new^aper, The Western 
Weekly Review, published at Franklin, Tenn., October 6, 1843, a few 
days after Martin's death: 

"As a mark of respect for ttie memory of General William Martin, 
whose death is deeply regretted by all wiio knew him, the following 
preamble and resolutions were adopted unrntmously ^ the last quar- 
terly term of the bounty Court of Williamson. They will t>e read with 
interest by his numerous friends and acquaintances throughout the 
county, as embodying a brief but correct history of one who has render- 
ed esseiTtial services to his country in a mlUtary, polttical and civic 

"The State of Tennessee, Williamson County Court, October term, 
1M3. The death of Oeneral William Martin, county trustee of this coun- 
ty, being announced, the following testimony of respect for his mem- 
ory and worth, is ordered to be entered upon the minutes of this 
court: Oener»I William Martin vras bom in the county of Stokes. In 
the state of North Carolina, in the year 1778, and emigrated to the 

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State of Tcnneseee about the year 1612 or '13 (Note: He cntie in 
1606), settling in the county of WiUiamson, where he resided up to 
the day of his death, which occurred on the 28th day of September, 
1843. . . He commenced his career of usefulness in the early stages 
of the Creek war under General Andrew Jaclnon. He was an effi- 
cient officer in the battles of Talladega, Tallahatchie and Hotse Shoe 
Bend. At the Battle of New Orieans he commanded a company, many 
of whom are still living, who can testify to the skill and bravery he 
exhibited on that occasion. At Pensacola he acted as Major and per- 
formed signal service to the country, as well as a brave and fearless 
act in carrying the cannon into the very face of the enemy to play upon 
their ranks. On his return home, his fellow citizens, grateful for the 
services he had rendered hit country, elected him from the- county 
of Williamson to the State Legislature, which place he filled on several 
successive occasions. As the strongest proof of their confidence and 
esteem, he was never refused the suffrage for any office he asked at 
their hands. In 1842 he was elected to the office of County Trustee, 
which office he held up to his death, the duties of which he performed, 
as he had all others in the various relations of Ufe, with honesty, fi> 
delity, and integrity. 

"Upon motion of Richard Alexander, Esq., seconded by ]<ibn Mar- 
shall, ^.— 

"Resolved that, in the death of General William Martin, the coun- 
ty has sustained the loss of an efficient, faithful, pubiiQ officer, and the 
community at large one of its most worthy members. 

"Resolved, that as an evidence of our high respect and esteem for 
the memory and worth of William Martin, the members of this court 
all wear the badge of mourning for thirty days. 

"Resolved, that a copy of these resolutions be ngned by the Chair- 
roan and Clerk of the Court, and forwarded to the relatiois of the de- 
ceased, and published in the Western Weekly Review." 

General William Martin was buried, with Masonic honors, beside 
his sister, Sally (Martin) Hughes, in the family graveyard. Here, too, 
n-Bts the body of his brother-in-law, (^ptain John Hughes (1776- 
1860). Here is ateo the body of Leander Hughes, M. D., the brilliant 
young son of Captain John Hughes, and two infant children of Dr. 
Samuel Henderson and his wife, Rachel Jane (Hughes) Henderson. 
These children's names were Samuel and Levisa Henderson. Here also 
lies ttie body of William Leander Webb, son of Dr. William Webb ani 
his wife, Mary Matilda (Hughes) Webb. Later, Mrs. Webb married 
William Harrison. 

II. Nancy Martin, daughter of Captain and Reverend William Martin 
(1742-1809) and his wife, Rachel Dalton (1746-1836), married her 

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liret tousin, Aichelatis Hughes, a son of Colonel ArclielaHa Hughes, 
ol the Revolution, and his wife, Mary Dalton. 

Children of Nancy Martin and her husband, ArchelauG Hughes: 

Letttia; married General Joseph Winston. 

Archelaus; moved to Tennessee. 

Nancy; married Witliam Lummis. 

Polly; married Dobson. 

Matthew Moore Hughes; married . 

Leiitia, or "Letty," as she was often called, married Joseph Vinson, 
son of Major Joseph Winston, one of the heroes o4 King's 
Mountain, about 1813. We see that Major Joseph Winston in his will 
left his homestead in Stokes county, NOrth Carolina, to this son. So 
the old Winston home was theirs until General Joseph Winston moved 
his fainily to Missouri to live. 

In their home in Stokes county hung a full length oil portrait of 
Major Joseph Winston, in regimentals. We wiUl copy a letter written 
by Nancy (Martin) Hughes to her son, Archelaus Hughes, in Williamson 
county, Tenn., at that time. She writes from Stokes county, N. C, 
where she was titen spending some time at her mother's, Rachel Dalton 
Martin, and in the home of her daughter, Letitta (Hughes) Winston: 

"Stokes County, North Carolina, November 15, 1831. Dear Son: 
I am not willing to suffer a favorable of^ortunity of writing you pass 
without giving some evidence of that mother-love and affection that 
should dwell in the breast of every mother. Though it may be possible 
Tor some children to torget, in a measure, the breast that nurtured tfiem 
and the lap that lulled them in infancy, it can never, no, never be the 
case with the mother. As she watches over the slumber of her inno- 
cent babe, so ttoes she watch over the prosperity of her offspring when 
grown to maturity, and when by fate far removed from them, as la 
your case, she often prays to the Ruler of the Univeree both tor their 
present and eternal happiness. This I have often done for you, and thai 
you could but 9ee the beauties of religion, the deformities of vice, that 
you would but seriously reflect on death, judgment and eternity. Ah, 
death! thou dreadful, pleasing theme, dreadful and terrible to the 
unconverted, when the dread summons comes to call him before th» 
bar — to him the dreadful bar — of a holy and sin-avenging Ood, to hear 
that unwelcome summmona, "Depart, thou'. But on the other hand how 
different to him whose treasures are not of this worid. He can view 
unmoved the hideous monster. He can leave without a sigh the worid 
and an its vanities, because he is confidtfit he is to enfoy immortal 
felicity. He is but waiting to hear those consoling words, 'Come, ye 
l>eloved, of my Father, Inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the 
foundation of the worid.' He is Ihen able to cry out, 'Oh, I>eath, where 
is thy sting. Oh, grave, where is thy victory.' Could I but hear you 
had obtained that peart of great price it would be to me a pleasure 
that words cannot express. I must now conclude thts excuse for a 

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letter by letting you know that [ and most of your, relatives are well. 
I am at this time at your grandmother's (Note:— This was Rachel Dalton 
Martin, widow of Captain Wm. Martin. She lived to be 90 years old), 
who is as well as could be expected of one of her advanced age. 1 
expect to go to Colonel Winston's in a few days and remain with your 
sister, Letty, until the Colonel returns from Raleigh. Your sister, Nancy, 
will stay with your sister, Polly, until Dobson returns. They will start 
in a few days, as the Legislature will convene on the t^i^d Monday of 
this month. Let Patsey Hughes hear from her mother, who is not 
entirely welL Vour brother Matt's wife is in better health than she 
has been for some time past. I must now bid you an affectionate adieu 
by suhwribing myself your affectionate Mother. May the perpetu^ 
smile of Heaven be yours. Nancy Hughes. P. S. — Yoti must, if pos- 
sible, come and see me, but if you cannot do so, send some of the chil- 
dren by the first opportunity," 

This letter bears the ccAor of the times in which it was written. 
That Colonel Joseph Winston, her son-in-law, was a member of the 
Legislature in 1831, as spoken of in this letter, is proved by Wheeler's 
History of North Carolina, II, page 407. 

Thisson ofNancy Martin Hughes, Arehelaus Hughes, after comingto 
Tennessee to live, made his home for some time with his mother's 
brother, General William Martin, of Williamson county, Tenn, General 
Martin, who was a bachelor, was made very happy by the coming of 
his nephew. He writes back to Virginia, "Archelaus seems a part of 
myself." Later on Archelaus Hughes made his home at Dresden, Tenn. 
Here, in 1837, he ran for congress against Davy Crockett, but of couffie 
was beaten. He says in a letter written to his Uncle William Martin, 
dated August 30, 1837: "1 was badly beaten for congress by young 
Crockett. No man could have beaten him at this time. I knew it, but 
as I was first out, I could not back down." 

We will copy this letter of Archelaus Hughes in full: 

"Dresden, Tenn., Aug. 30, 1837. General William Martin; Sir: I 
have written to you several times of late but have received no answer, 
and I had concluded that you had left the country, or become a recluse 
among the hills, and an enemy to all social intercourse amongst your 
fellow men, until on yesterday morning I received a letter from Wm. 
E. Anderson, Esq., of Nashville, informing me that it was more than 
likely that you would be a candidate for the engrossing clerkship to 
the Senate at the meeting of the Legislature. If youintend being a can- 
didate, why did you not let me know it? My particular friend and i«- 
laticHi, Wm. H. Johnson, Esq., of this place. Is the Senator from this 
<fistrict. Major Robert E. C. Daugherly, your old friend, is the Senator 
from the Carrol district. Cousin Brice F. Martin wrote me some time 
ago that he would be candidate for the engros^ng clerk of the Senate. 
This Ib what I would dislike to see, for I think him a very deserving, 
clever kind of a man; but you know that I could not and would not go 
for any man living against you. I am certain he win not run if you do, 

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bul il lie does you can certainty beat him. I know Johnson wni vote as 
1 want him to, and you can manage Daugherty and Bradford. 

" Anderson writes me that W. H. Hunt Is candidate for principal 
clerkship of the Senate, and, ^ he is a constituent of his, he wQl have 
to vole tor him, but that if he has to make a second choice, he will go 
lor me. 1 have but TiMx doutA fliat I can beat Hunt. You can be of 
service to me with Marshall, Mitchell, Lowry, Guild and Carother^, 
and I know (hat, if you can, you will. I will t>e up a week or two tiefore 
the election, or rather the meetin^g of the Legislature. And if you can 
be found I will call and «e you. The Senator from Rutherford will 
go for me stron^y. I heard from him the other day. 1 was badly beat- 
en for Congress by young Crockett. No man could Tiave beaten him 
at this time. I knew It, but as I was first out, I would not back down. 
My family art in good healfh, and your namesake grows Imely and 
leFms very last. My youngest ^ster, Nancy Amanda, got married a few 
days sunce to a right clever, hardworking man by the name of William 
Lummis. Excuse bad writing, but I have a very poor pen and am in 
9 great liurry. 1 am your friend, A. M. Hughee." 

Wm. H. Johnson, wlio A. M. Hu^es speaks of as his "particular 
friend," writes just one year later to General "Wm. Martin, tefling of 
the death of Arch^aus M. Hughes. He says: "He had just received 
the appoiontment ol cashier in a bank in Kentuclty, for which lie was 
to get $1,500 per year as salary, and was to enter on the bu«ness of his 
sppobitment on Ifiis day. How tmcertain are the dispensations of 

These letters prove to us thai Archelaus Hu^es left six children. 
He speaks of one of his cliildren being named William Martin Hughes. 
One cliild was named Brice Hughes. This was the lather of Mrs. Lizzie 
(Hughes) Fowlkes, a refined and lovely woman, wbo died leaving no 
children. Her husband was a brother of the wife of Qeneral Henry A- 
Tyler, of Hielman, Kentucky, one ol the mcftt widely known men in his 
■state. He was one of the first volunteers in the Confederate army, 
entering April 2, 1861, as captain of Company A, Twelfth Kentucky 
Regiment. He served under Nafhan Bedford Porrest throughout the 
four years. Hts dash as an officer at file Battle ol Brvce's Cross Roads 
is spoken of by General Bennett H. Young In the following words: "His 
assault on the flanks and his cliarge on the rear of the enemy were nohle 
andsuperhexhibifionsofthehigbestcourage." General Tylerwasaman 
of large wealth and philanthropy. He took special interestin Confederate 
veterans and reunions. At these reunions he entertained many of his 
old comrades, always having reserved for his old friends a dozen or 
more rooms at fhe leading hotels, and in a number of instances having 
300 horses (or fhe old soldiers to ride in the parade, and making it 
possible for Many to attend who were financially unable to do so. 
General Tyler died April 26, 1915. Robert A. Tyler is his only sur- 
viving son. 

Some of the Dalton. Marfin, Winston, Moore and Henderson coft- 


nection drifted to Alabama, and several members of these connections 
became Governor of that state. 

Gabriel Moore was the fifth Governor of Alabama. He served 

John A. Winston was Oovemor of Alabama 1853-57. 

Joshua L. Martin was Governor of Alabama 1845-47. 

Charies Henderson was elected Governor of Alabama in 1914. 

We have already noted the fact that Alfred M. Scales was Gov- 
ernor of North Carolina in 1885-89, 

III. Sally Martin, daughter of Captain and Reverend William Martin 
(1742-180g) and his wife, Rachel Dalton (1746-1836), married her 
first courin, Captain John Hughes (1776-1860), February 7, 1798. 
John Hughes was a son of Colonel Archelaus Hughes of the Revolution 
and his wife, Mary Dalton. Thus we see that children of Sally Martin 
and those of her sister, Nancy, were double cousins. 

Sally Martin spent much time at the home of her grandfather, 
Samuel Dalton, on Mayo river In North Carolina. The beauty of this 
river was early recognized. In 1728, when Colonel William Byrd, of 
Westover, in company with Willliam Dandridge, William Mayo, for 
whom the river was named, and other commissioners to draw the boun- 
dary line between Virginia and North Cartdina, Colonel Byrd speaks 
of this as a "crystal stream." He also says they pitched Hieir tents 
"on the western bank of the Mayo, for the pleasure of being lulled 
to rieep by the cascade" (see The Westover Manuscripts, page 76. 
Vol. I, Cyclopedia of American Literature). 

Some of the Dandridge family later settled at Madison on Mayo river. 
The writer has letters proving this. They were related to Samuel Dalton's 
family. We havQ already spoken of the Dalton home on the Mayo 
river and its refining Influence, under head "Dalton." "One day in 
those sweet, tranquil homes outweighed a fevered lifetime in the 
gayest cities of the ^obe." 

Sally Martin had all the advantages in an educational and social 
way the times could give, and grew to lovely and graceful womanhood. 
William Martin, her father, was bom and reared in Albemaile county, 
Virginia, but, when a young man, went to Pittsylvania county to live. 
From this county he went out to the Revolutionary war. After the 
outbreak of the war this little family felt unsettled; and Martin had 
his wife go back to Albemarie county, temporarily; and in Albemarie 
county Sally Martin was bom, in 1777. William Martin's family, soon 
after, settled permanently In Stokes county. North Carolina, going there 
during the Revolution to be near the family of Captain William Mar- 
tin's brother. Colonel Jack Martin, of "Rock House." Then, too, they 
were in eaay reach of her grandfather's home on Mayo river. The 
new^aper notice of her younger brother, General William Martin's, 
death shows that he was bom In Stokes county. North Carolina. Sally 
(Martin) Hughes was a woman adored by her husband and children. 
Her negro slaves looked on her as their best friend. They would 
often appeal from the overseer to her. "She was the keystone of 

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MARTm m 

domestic economy, which bound all the rest of the structure, and gave 
it strength and beauty." 

After her marriage to John Hughes (1776-1860), she Kved in 
Patrick county, Virginia. Here all of her children were bom, seven 
sons and two daughters. When the youngest child, Rachel Jane 
Hughes, mother of the writer, Lucy Henderson Horlon, was ten years 
old, Captain Hughes moved his family to Williamson county, Tennessee, 
to live. This was in the Fall of 1828. The death of an idolized son 
here and his grave being here no doubt influenced the mother's deter- 
mination to come. Leaiider Hughes, the son, had graduated in medi- 
cine at Transylvania University, Lexington, Kentucky, coming from that 
university to visit his uncle. General William Martin, in Williamson 
county, Tenn. Here he died and was buried under a large mulberry 
tree, several hundred yards from the house. The loss of this brilliant 
young son was the greatest sorrow of Sally (Martin) Hughes' life. 
Her brother, General Martin, had written in heart-broken terms, telling 
her of the end and as it came to "your, precious boy," as he phrased 
It. He tells her that "followed by a large concourse of friendev they had 
laid him to rest." In this tetter General Martin also speaks of "good old 
Douglas," and his loving care. This was Thomas Logan Douglas, for 
whom Douglas church, in that vicinity, was named, an eminent Meth- 
odist divine, who lived in the house now occupied by Mr. Henry Reams 

Sally (Martin) Hughn died here September 10, 1842. This was 
the home In which the writer was bom and reared; and she remembers 
perfectly the Iwautiful bed steps of cherry, which her grandfather, 
Captain John Hughes, never suffered to be taken from his room even 
after he was helpless and did not need them himself. She remembers 
the old-fashioned chest of drawers, chiffonier, the four-poster bed, 
and tall mantle clock. She owns an old-fashioned candle stand, Inher- 
ited from her grandfather. This was all in cherry wood, beautifully 
polished. Captain Hughes never suffered his furniture to be changed 
after the death of his wife. Her clothes were stored away in an old- 
tashioned chest, together with the many family papers, some reaching 
back to colonial time. It is from these papers that I, Lucy Henderson 
riorton, draw largely in writing sketches. Sally Hughes (1777-1842) 
was very fond of different shades of purple, or violet. The lovely tints 
at sunset often remind the writer of ribbons and dresses seen in this 
chest of her grandmother's clothes. A 'Treasure Casket," which Sally 
M. Hughes and her husband prized very highly, is now also in the pos- 
session of the writer. It came to the Hughes from a common ances- 
tor, Nancy, or Anne (as the name was sometimes called), Dandridge Redd, 
wife of Samuel Dalton (169&-1802), of Mayo. This casket was given 
to their youngest child, Rachel Jane Hughes, on the anntvereary of 
their marriage, Feb. 7, 1838. In the top of the casket is written in 
Rachel Jane's own hand-writing her name and the date of the gift 
to her. 

This old "treasure casket" is not of intrinric value. It Is made of 



Norway epruce, tbe material from whkh the best viofiiB are made. 
The top, bottom and the sides are each made of one piece, the side 
ends lapped over each Dtha, both bung iastened with wooden pegs, 
driven from the outside. The colors in which the casket is painted are 
dark gteen and a faded-tookiBg; yellow. On the top is a ^ar within a 
star. Tlie writer knows of nothing sinrilar to Urs caaket other than 
a treasure casket deporited in the museom of the Daughters of the 
American R^udnfion at Washington, D. C, under Tetter of authority 
from Mrs. Matthew T. Scott, President OmerBl Daughters o( the Amer- 
ican Sevohition. For account of this casket, see American Monthly 
Magazine for July, 1910, pages 18 and 19. The owner of this casket 
Bved in France. The casket of the writer is round in sfrape and is one 
of the most prized of family reiics. These old things are called in Sim- 
ple Life "vestiges of the souls of our ancestors." We have an old cap 
which was worn by Sally Hu^es (1777-1842). 

In this old chest was placed the (Ad, faded, red sash worn by Col- 
onel Winiam Martin, of Williamwn county, TbnneSsee, on the battle- 
field of New Orieans in 1815. 

We win copy the obituary notice of SalKe (Martin) Hughes as pub- 
hshed in the Weefem Weekly Review, of Franklin, Tenn., at the time ol 
her death, September 16, 1842: 

"Obituary Notice: Departed this life at her residence in WiRiambOn 
connty, Tennessee, on the 10th of September, 1842, Mrs. Sarah Hughes, 
the amiable and exemplary consort of John Hughes, Esq., in the seventi- 
eth year of her age. This lady, venerable for her years and lor her un- 
exceptional conduct through fife, afi a mild and tender moffier and a 
most affectionate and faithful wife, whose virtues were in every way 
worthy ol imitation, was bom in Albemarle county. State of Virginia; 
married her surviving husband in the year 1797, and migrated to Ten- 
nessee in 1628 with her husband and^mily. They had nine children, 
two of whom were dead at the time of her death. Her manners were 
characterized by candor and courtesy, and her heart ever open to im- 
pulses of benevolence and humanity, not only sympathetic with human 
misery and misfortune, but always alleviated such sufferings to the full 
extent of her means and power. "Without making a boastful parade of 
her piety and religious sentiments, she not only performed the duties of 
a vital christian, but embraced in the warmth of a noble heart and high- 
ly cultivated sensibilities the Ood-Iike sentiment of universal benevo- 
lence, the highest attribute of true Christianity- Charles Caasedy." 

We win copy ai\so her epitaph, written by the same man: "If those 
pure virtues, by but few possessed, which give us strength to bear the 
ills of life, Can found a claim in future to be Messed, Then thou art 
happy, tender, faithful wifel And if religion of celestial birth, a fore- 
taste gives of Heaven's almighty love. Naught was committed to its kiit- 
dred earth. But what shall join thee in the realm above." 

Sally (Martin) Hughes is buried beside her husband in the old 
f^tmily burying ground in Willjamson county, Tennessee, along with 
General William Martin and others. An oil portrait of this woman be- 

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longs to her grandson, Judge John Hughes Henderson. Another por- 
trwt is in the possession of Mrs. H. S. Ewing, and another belongs to 
J. H. Harrison. 

Chfldren of SaOy MarHn and Her Hnsbond, Joiin Hugfaes (1776-1860) 

Archelaus Powell; born Jan, 7, 1799; DiE.rried Polly Webb. 

William Madison; bom Nov. 5, 1800. 

John Pulkerson; bom Nov. 10, 1802; married Jane Baldridge. 

Leander; bom Oct 1804; died 1628. 

Brice Martin; bom Oct 22, 1806; married Elmira Fleming. 

Samuel Carter; bom April 11, 1806. 

Albert Gallatin; b<wn April 17, 1812. 

Mary Matilda; born Jan. 15, 1816; married first, Wm. Webb; second. 
Win. Harrison. 

Rachel Jane Hughes; bora Feb. 27, 1818; married Samuel Hender- 

Lineage, bi Martlii Line, ot Sally Martin (1777-1842), Wfe of CaptOa 
Jobn Hughes (1778-1860). 

Sally Martin was a daughter of Captain (and Reverend) William 
Martin and his wife, Rachel Dalton. William Martin was a son of Joseph 
Martin and his wife, Susanna Chiles. Joseph Martin was a son of 

William Martin and his wife ■■ . This William 

Martin was a merchant of Bristol, England, who, being a merchant of 
means, engaged exten^vely in the American trade (see Annual Re- 
port of the American Historical Association for the year 1893, page 409). 

William Martin, merchant of Bristol, England, was descended from 
the Barons of Cemmeas, of Pembroke county, England, whose ancestor 
was Martin de Tours who came to England with William the Conqueror, 
and was in command of his fleet. That William Martin was closely re- 
lated to Sparks Martin, of "Withy Bush House," County Pembroke, has 
been proved in these pages (see Martin). Widiam Martin's oldest son, 
Oeorge Martin succeeded him in business in Bristol, England. Wil- 
liam also had a son John (see also page 350, Vol. 8, Virginia Magazine 
of History and Btography). 

l^itagb of Sally Martin (1777-1842), Wite of Captain Jobn Hughes 
(1776-1860), in Chiles-Page Une. 

Szlly Martin was a daughter of Captain (and Reverend) William 
Martin and his wife, Rachel Dalton. William Martin was a son of 
Joseph Martin and his wife, Susanna Chiles. Sifs^nna Qiiles was a 
daughter of John Chiles, who was a son of Walter (2nd) Chiles and his 
wife Eleanor. This Walter Chiles was a member of the House o* Bur- 
gesses, and he waa a son of Walter (1st) Chiles and his wife, Mary 
Page. This Walter Chiles was the immigrant ancestor (see Obid; also 
Vol. Xni, 2; also William and Mary Quarteriy, Vol. V, 272). He was 
speaker of the House of Burgesses. 

For the two Walter Chiles and Susanna Chiles see Obid; for Mar- 

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tin, see lame Magazine; abo V<d. XIII, 2. For ofliccs of ancesfon^ 
see StaKird's Colonial Virginia Register. 

Mary Page was a daughter oi John Page, fonndei bl the noted Page 
family of Virginia (see VoL XIX, pages 104, 211, 324, 437 of tbe Vir- 
ginia Magazine of History and Biograpby). 

John Page was a member of the King's Coundt He came to 
America in 1656; died Jan. 30, 1691. His tomb is at Brutoa church, 
WiUiaonburg, Virginia, and bears the Page court of aniis. 

Colonel John Page was a nephew of Sir Francis Wyatt, made 
Governor at Jamestown, Virginia, in IG2I (see "Vital Fcxts About 
Jamestown, Y<CH'ktown, Williamsburg, College of Wiltian and Mary," 
pubUshed in honor of President of U. Sl visit Oct. \3. 19(21). 

AutfaoritieB: Annual Eteport for the American Historical Aasoci»' 
tion for the year 1893, page 409; also "Two Old Colonial Places," page 
217, by Thomas Nelson Page; Stanard's Colonial Virtpnia RcgMer. 

John Page was one of the vestrymen at tlte old Bruton church in 
WilUamsburg, Virginia. He gave the land on which the old church is 
built. Here he is boned. On the tomb is the following inscription: 
"Here lieth in the hope of a joyful Resurrection (be body of Colond 
John Page, Esq., of Bruton Parish — one of their Majestys* coundl, in 
the Dominion of Virginia, who departed this fife on tlie 23rd of Janoary, 
in the year of our Lord 1691 ; aged 69." 

(Note: Mrs. Bettie Hairston Ingles, a granddan^ter of Coionel 
Joseph Martin and his wife. Sally Hughes, was admitted to sienibership 
in the Colonial Dames Society through this fine. Her papers were pre- 
pared by Sally Nelson Rot>ins.) 

John Page, founder of the Page family in Virginia, was known as 
"Colonel Page." He came to Virginia in \GX, "from the pretty Ittle vil- 
lage of Bedford, Middlesex, where the Pages had for generations been 
lords of 0ie small manor of Pate, and where they Ee buried in the 
chancd of the quaint StUe Norman church. ... He gave the land on 
which is built the old church in WilliamBburg; and a fragment of his 
tombstone, recording his virtues, used to lie across the walk doing 
service as a pavhig flag until a few years ago, when it was removed 
by a pious descendant to the interior of the church and a monument was 
erected to hia memory." John Page was a member of the ling's Coun- 
dl (see page 217 — ^"Two Old Colonial Places," by Thomas Ndson 

IV. Virginia Martin, danghter of Captain (and Reverend) William 
Martin and his wife, Rachd Dalton (1746-1836), married her cousin, 
Samuel Clark, who was born in Albemarle county, Vhgim'a. 

Samuel Clarlt and Virginia Martin, his wife, were both cousins of 
Gov. William Clarke, who accompanied Merriwether Lewis in his explor- 
ing expedition to Oregon in 1804. They 'were also cousins of General 
George Rogers Clark, who established the Commonwealth of Kentudcy. 
We cannot help pausing over this name. There is something so pathetic 

,. -,; COOt^lC 

xARTm m 

in the bet t).at, detpite ill his services, George Rogers Oarlc died poor, 
neglected, and prosecuted ior debts contracted in the very serviceof Ills 
country whose flag be hung to flie breeze over the present States of 
Indiana, Obio, Hiaoii, Midiigan, Wisconsin and Minnesota. 

It was George Rogeis Qark who founded the city of Louisville, 
Kentudty, and in Cave Hill cemttuy rem his body, mai-ked only by 
the simplest little stone bearing this inscription: "General George Rogers 
Clarit; Born O. S. Nov. 9. 1752; died Feb. 13, 1818." This jreal figure 
in "Tlie Wnrang ol the West" lies almost forgotten. 

Samuel Clark descends from J<^n Clarice — the famay sometimes 
spelled flie name with an "^e." "John Clarke was in York comtty, Vif^ 
Sinit, talore 1645. He was bom in England in 1614. He liad an eldef 
brofher, Wiflian, born In 16m and a sister, Cecdia. They were chil- 
dren of E3r John Clarke and his wi!e, Elizabeth, a daughter of Sir Wil- 
liam Steed, of England." The family coat ol arms is described thus: 

CMi Cort 01 Arm 

Qnarteity, oi; on a bend engrailed azure, a cinquefoil of the field: 
Iwo argent on a chevron gules, between, cOlumtnnes ature, n many 
crescents, or, fliree czuic, a cross between five billets, sollaire, argent, 
in each quarter: four on a cross sable, five crescents argent. (See rrttcle 
by Frances Cowles, genealogist. In Nashville Banner Tor May 29, 1916), 

We are constanfly hearing evidence of Thackeray's asserfion that 
in colonial days younger son of mlilemen came to America. 

CUUrni Dl Vkstala MhSb ud Her Huatand, Samnd Clark 

(1) Martin; a Methodist preacher. He married Charity Ann Bat< 
tie, a sister of Generd Joel Allen Battle, who was Colonel of the Twenti- 
eth Tennessee Regiment doiing the War between the Statea. Charity 
Battle descended from Charity Horn . Martin Clark fed in 1859. His 
wife died in 1880. 

(2) Sally; married Oen. John Sumner RuBswnrm. John S. Ruas- 
wurm was a cousin ol General Thomas Summer, who gave him a large 
estate in land. His home was near Triune, Tenn. From here he moved 
with hii family, making his home near Smyrna, near Murfreesboro. 
The writer has many of General Russwurm's lettere, written to her 
grandfather. Captain John Hughes (1776-1860). We will copy one ol 
these letters later. General Sumner also leR his cousin a good sum 
of money; but Treed his slaves. General Sumner is buried on Sumner's 
Knob, near NcOensvHIe, Tenn. This was on his estate. 

Somncr Coot Of Anns 

Ermine two chevrons or. The crest is a lion's head erased, ducafly 
S^orged, or. 

General John Sumner Russwurm was of New England descent 
A letter written by General Russwurm to Captain John Hughes (1776- 
IS60). which we oopy elsewhere, shows that he was visiting his mother 

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m MARTItf 

in the North. Her mother was of the Sumner line. In regard to 
the ancestry of this family, we will quote Frances Cowles, genealogist: 
"In the little town of Bicester, Oxfordshire, there stands to this day the 
picturesque church o! St. Edburg, the most interesting spot in aU Eng- 
land to the vi»ting Americans o! the name of Sumner. Thts church, 
it is said, was erected in 1400 with the same material and upon the same 
site of a much more ancient building. Here lies buried the body of Roger 
Sumner, and here, in 1605, was baptized his son, Wm. Sumner, the 
fnther of the Americans of the name. Roger, tfie father, was bora in 
the little town of Bicester. He married JoSn Franklin in 1601. Wil- 
liam was their only child. , He married Mary West and had six child- 
ren, the eldest two of whom were born in Bicester and the four young- 
est in Dorchester, Mass. Here William, the father, held many important 
offices. His children were: William, bom 1625, married Elizabeth 
Clemen, of Dorchester, and later moved to Boston. He had ten chil- 
dren. Roger, the second son, was born in Bicester. He married Mary 
Josselyn, of Hingham, Mass., and had seven children, who established 
a distinguished family. The Hiird son, George, married Mary Baker. 
Samuel, the fourth son of William and Mlary We^t Sumner, was born 
in Dorchester and with his wife, Rebecca, went to South Carolina. In- 
crease, the fifth son, also went to South Carolina with his wife, Sarah 
Stapler. Joan, the only daughter, went South with her husband, Aaron 
Way. A Southern family, founded by William, settled in 1690 at 
Nansemonde. Va. His sons were James, John, Jethro, William and 
Dempsey. JetJiro had a son, General Jethro, who was in the North 
Carolina line during the Revolutionary war. William, who moved to 
Boston, had a son, William, born 1656. Hrs son, Hezekiah, born 1684, 
married Abi^al Bedwill; and their son, William, of Middleton, born 1705, 
married Hannah Clark, and had seven children. 

Gen. John Sumner Russwurm, a cousin of Thomas E. Sumner, whose 
reniarkable will is on record at the courthouse in Franklin, Tenn., was 
one of the legatees of Thomas E. Sumner. He gives him fifty shares 
In the Tennessee State Bank; five hundred acres of land; two thousand 
dollars in cash; silver and furniture; rifle and shot gun; large Bible and 
all of his books except Blaie and Wesley's -sermons (these he leaves to 
his wife); and his father's, Jethro Sumner's, sword, "in remembrance 

of him who wore it with honor in defense of his country's freedom 

and may he never draw it but in defense- of his country, nor sheathe it 
without honor." He also leaves a gold stoch buckle to Gen. Russwurm. 
Then he makes J. S. Russwurm one of the executors of his will. In 
this will he disposes of "my half of the eight hundred acres in Ohio, 
granted to my father, Jethro Sumner." 

Of course this would make Jethro Sumner's descendants eligible 
to membership in the Sons and Daughters of the American Revolution. 
He was general in the North Carolina line. This will was probated in 
the October wssion, 1819, in Franklin. Tenn. 

In his will Sumner sets all bis negnocs free, providing for them in 
their newly acquired freedom. He leaves them in charge of a society 



m Pennsylvaiua, denominated Pennsylvania Society lor the Abolition of 
Slavery. In case of the society's refusal to take the negroes under 
its care, "1 leave them in trust (o the Bishops of the Methodist Church." 
Chndrcn of Oen. John Sainaer RoBswinin and His WUe, SaOy Marfbi 

Elmira: married Dr. James Ridley. They were parents of Judge 
Cranville S. Ridley, of Murfreesbon>, Tennessee, and Ally Ridley. 

Virginia; married W. B. Gordon. 

Roseline; never married 

Sally; married a Mr. Miles. 

Waiiam; married a Miss Eason. Their son. Dr. William Rnsswunn, 
lives in Helena, Arkansas (1914). 

Judge Granville S. Ridley was for years a leading member of the 
MitrfreesbOfV bar. He, in 1^6, was elected to preside over the Crim- 
inal Grcuit, composed ol Davidson and Ruttierford, serving eight years 

Judge Ridley enlisted during the latter part of the Civil war in a 
cavalry regiment that was stationed at Greensboro, N. C, which was 
made up of many friends of his boyhood days, and, in order to reach 
liis regiment, he rode horseback from the old home near Smyrna, Tenn., 
to GreeiTsboro, N. C. 

Children: Pauline. Mildred, Elizabeth, 0. S. Ridley, Jr., Thomas, 
James. Howell and W. T. Ridley. 

Three of his sons served with distinction during the Worid war. 
O. S. Ridley became captain, James Ridley was Treutenant in the Mur- 
fieesboro Gun Company, and Thomas Ridley was an aviator, seeing 
service in France in 1918. 

judge Ridley died at his home in Murfreesboro, June 29th, 1921. 
His death was ven- sudden. He complained of feeling hadly, and asked 
his wife to tiring him a glass of water; but before she reached bis side 
"he became unconscious and soon after died. 

James A. Ridley was twice cited for bravery. He was awarded 
Ihe Distinguished Service Cross for heroism at St. Quentin Canal. 
Bellecourt, France. Sept. 29, I9IS. This can be seen In citation issued 
by headquarters of the Thirtieth Division. Ridley was 1st Lieut, of !13 
Machine Gun Battalion. 
Chfldren of Rev. Martin Clark and His WHe, Chaifty Aim Horn Battle 

I. Wm. Martin Oark; married Mary Elizabeth Blackman. He was 
a man of varied talents, was successful physician and served as Sec- 
retary of State Board of Health. He was at one time owner and editor 
of the Nashville Banner. He was author of a popular agricultural book 
•'Grasses of Tennessee." His children are: 

a. Annette; married Joseph J. Green. They have one child, Eliza- 
beth Blackman, married Manon Eugene Rozelle, and they had one 
child, Maynette, married James Albert Stephenson, of South Bend, Ind. 

b. James B. Clark; married Lucy Pecantel. He served for a long 
time on the Nashville Banner staff. In 1910 he became editor of the 
Chattanooga News. Children: Mrs. Elsie C. Jenldns, .of Montgomery, 


Ala.; Mrs. Mason Meullet, of St. Louis; Hays; Olive; Maton. 

c. Battle Clark; married Mary B. Finch. He is member Nashville 
Banner staff. His son, Finch, served overseas in Worid war. 

d. Wm. Clark; married Julia Detzel. Children: William, served 
overseas through entire World war; Hays, ran away and enlisted in 
naval service when 16; had citation for bravery when 18. 

e. Annie Clark; married William Tippens. Children; Clark B.; 
Albert H.; Wm. Dalton; Mary Elizabeth; Margaret Martin (Qark) 
Owens; James Clark. Wm. Tippens and son, Albert, served overseas. 

f. Olive Clark; married John Smith. 

g. Mary Lee; married James Culbert. Children: Ann; Battle; Jane 
and Elizabeth are twins; Mary; Olive; Catherine. 

h. Martin Clark; married Margaret Lilliard. Their son, Martin, 
served in Worid war. 

i. Russwunn; married Sallie Wallace. 

(2) Susan Clark, daugltter of Reverend Martin Clark and his wife. 
Charity Ann Battle, married Dr. .William Blackman, who was a brother 
of Dr. Wm. Clark's wife. Their two daughters were: Jessie Blackman, 
who married Colonel William Hodge, of the U. S. army (1860-65), and 
lives in New York; Martin Clark Blackman died of yellow fever 1878; 
and Lizzie Blackman, who married Dr. Reginald Stonestreet, an l^n- 
glishman, who lived in Nashville, Tenn. Their son, Martin B. Stone- 
street, became ensign U. 5, navy in 1917, soon after America's decla- 
ration of war on Germany. On July 2, 1917. he was married to Esther 
Harrison Whiting, a Washington belle, the Bishop of Washington being 
the officient. 

<3) Bettie Clark, daughter of Rev. Martin Clark and his wife. 
Charity Ann Battle; married Frank Armistead. 

a. Sue Armistead; married John C. Cook. Their eldest daughter 
was Mildred Edwin Crutcher and twin daughters, Louise and Willie; 
sons: John C. Cook, who married Jonnie Rich; and Frank Cook, who 
married Annabel Hooper. 

b. William Armjstead; is a successful business man of Winston- 
Salem. North Carolina. He married Elnora Smith, a descendant of James 
RotKrtson, founder of Nashville. Ttiey have two children; girls. 

c. Samuella Armistead; married Manlove. They have a son, Man- 
love, Jr., who served with the American army in France the three years 
of war. 

(3) Samuel Qark, son of Virginia Martin and her husband, Sam- 
uel Clark; lived on his large plantation on Red river, and was a frequent 
visitor to New Orieans. Here he would go to lay in his plantation 
supplies and to enjoy social life. 

Children: Walter. Martin and Lucy. Another son, William, mar- 
ried 8 Mrs. Scales, and lived in West Tennessee. His son. Joe, was 
killed in the Battle of Shiloh. He had other sons and grandsons. Bill, 
Joe. Clark, etc. 

V. Brice Martin, son of Captain and Reverend William Martin 
and his wife, Rachel Dalton; died rather young, leaving two dau^ters. 


The name "Brke" is found in almost every brancli of the family. "Brice" 
was the name of the vessel on which the immigrant ancestor, Joseph 
Matrin, came to America. Martin settled in Virginia, and married Susanna 

Vi. Susan; daughter of Capt and Rev. W. Martin and his wife, 
Rachel Dalton, married a brother of Governor Gabriel Moore, of Ala- 
bama. Her husband was a son of Matthew Moore and his wife, Letitia 
Dalton. They were cousins Another of her husband's brothers married 
a sister of General Edmund Pendleton Gaines, who was also a cou^n. 

VII. Mary; daug^'ter of Capt. and Rev. Wilfiam Martin and his 
wife, Rachel Dalton, married a Mr. ^ Moon, bom in Albemarle county, 
Va. One can see her name mentioned in a letter written frc^n North 
Carolina by John Banner, her nephew, to her brother, General William 
Martin (in sketch of General Martin). 

VIII. Martin,, daughter of Capt. (and Rev.) Wm. Martin 

and his vnfe, Rachel Dalton, married Charles Banner. He wa&a jnember 
of the House of Commons in Stakes county, N. C, 1797-(802. They 
were parents of John Banner, some of whose old letters the writer pos- 
sesses. John Banner was a member of the House of Commons h'om 
Stokes county in 1829 (see Wheeler's History of North Carolina, 
Stokes county). 

Colohel Jack Martin d '^ock Hook" 

John, or Jack (as he is spoken of in history), Martin was a son of 
Joseph Martin and his wife, Susanna Chiles. He was, a brother of 
Captain (and Rev.) Wm. Martin, General Joseph Martin, etc. These 
three brothers moved from Albemarie county, Virginia, where they 
were bom, to the boftler counties of Virginia and North Carolina. 
Colonel Jack Martin and his brother, William, both settled in Stokes 
county,' N. C. 

In June, 17S4, John Martin married Nancy Shipp, of Surrey county, 
N. C, an adjoining county. In 1770 (he building of his famous home, 
"Rock House," was begun. This house was completed soon after his 
marriage in 1784; but, being an immense structure, a part of it was 
habitable before th^t time, and here John Martin made hie home. And 
here, too, war councils were held. Men met at "Rock House", to devise 
ways and means in two wars, the Revolutionary war and the war of 

John Martin went out to the war of the American Revolution as 
Lieut, in Capt. Joseph Henry Smith's company. Later he served in the 
same capacity under Minor, Smith, Philips and Robert Hill, and under 
Colonels Joseph Williams, Cleveland, Shepherd and James Martin. He 
marched first from the old Surrey Court House. He was in the battles 
of Chestnut Ridge, Surrey County, Colsons, Old Fields, and Alamance, 
In a skirmish near Broad river he was wounded by the Tories. His 
wife, Nancy Shipp, comes from a family which has given many dis- 
tinguished men and worthy women to our nation. 

We are always interested in the social life of our ancestors. I will 

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copy a sketch of "Rock House" written by Mrs. Kiltie M. Lea, of Tam- 
pa, Florida. Mrs. Lea is a granddaugfiter of Colonel Josepti Martin, of 
Stokes county, N. C, and a great-granddaugtiter of Colonel John Mai- 
tin <A "Rock House." 

"Rock House, September 12, 1912. 1 am sitting (»i the steps ot 
'Rock House' writing this Sketch. 'Rock House' was built before the 
Revolutionary war by Col. John Martin, being begun in 1770 and finished 
ir 1785. It was here the officers would meet to discuss plans of oper- 

"Colonel Martin, known in North Carolina history as Colowl Jack 
Martin, was a man of great bravery, and his people were of note in 
many ways En tlie early settlement of Virginia and North Carolioa. His 
wife, Nancy Shipp, came also of a family of note, many of whom arc 
still prominent people in Virginia. Nancy (Shipp) Martin was a woman 
of great bravery and managing ability. Their children settled in Vir- 
ginia and North Carolina. Among their children and graodchitdren have 
been many gifted men and women. 

"I look through the windows and go up the stepsy where for more 
than a hundred years the ancestors of our family. Colonel John Mar- 
tin, General Joseph Martin, Captain Wiiliam Martin and many other 
prominent members of the family moved and enjoyed life. It was here 
that General Edmund Pendleton Gaines was a frequent guest. Joseph 
Martin, a son of Col. John Martin, of 'Rock House,' married Hetty Gaines, 
a sister of Genera! Edmund Pendleton Gaines. (Note: they were grand- 
parents of Mrs. Kittie M. Lea and Dr. R. S. Martin, of Stuart Virginia.) 

"I go down in the basement, where my great-Randmother had her 
great dining room. Here the most noted China in her day was kepi. 

"From the window's can be seen thousands of acres of land which 
belonged to Colonel Martin, remaining in the family down to time oE 
the War between the States (1860-65). 

"This land stretches out in valleys and hills and upon sides of the 
mountains. The valleys are in cultivation, with small farm houses dot- 
ting the landscape. I look out on the rock, now in plain view, where 
my great-grandfather, Jack Martin, ■sat to rest, while his wife went 
farther to see what the slaves were doing. On returning to where she 
had left her husband, she found him dead. They were both over 
seventy years of age, rearing the resting place of life. 

"At that time there was little ot cleared land where now are great 
fields of tobacco and com. 

" I have just been to the graves of Cotond Martin and his son, 
William, who in his fiftieth year met a tragic fate. He wa:* killed by 
his overseer. The grave of Mary (Shipp) Martin is here. I'he head- 
stones are in place and flowers are blooming about the graves. It 
stems sacrilege to destroy any part o^f this old building, which was neariy 
twenty years in erection. The graves, which are in full view of tfie front 
pr.rch, should be guarded. I feel that the spirits of these noble ances- 
tors, who once occupied these rooms viewing the surroundings, which 
are so grand, are near mc, and through them I look back into the 

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past, and realize the truth of what my father, John L. Martin, and my 
uncle. Colonel William F. Martin, both soldiers in the War between the 
States, have told me of the glorious past. Both were grandsons of 
Colonel Jack Martin. 

"Some years ago I visited these ruir.s in company with my aunt, 
Lizzie Moore, a daughter oi Col. Martin. She was a woman of great 
intelligence and what she told me of 'Rock House' history verified many 
things my father had told me. I could write for days on the things 
of history connected with (his grand castle, as it might rightfully 
be termed. The house is four stories in height, all stone, even the 
floor in the basment is stone. 

"From here can be seen Quaker's Gap, the Tory's Cave, Pilot 
Mountain and Hanging Rock. The walls of this house are in good 
condition, covered with Virginia creeper, English ivy, and with ferns 
cieei^ng out from the crevices in rocks. All doors and windows are 
arched. The roof and part of the partitions burned fifteen years ago 
(1897). A border of goldenrod has sprung up on the top of the ruin 
as if to glorify the structure. The walls are over one yard thick, being 
plastered inside and out, and will stand centuries longer. 

"North Carolina history tells us that in Nov., 1775, Col. John Mar- 
tm, with others, marched from the western part of the state against 
the Tories in the northwestern part of South Carolina, and with the 
troops of that state defeated the! Tories, capturing 400 of fhem." 

Children of Col. Jack Martin and his wife, Nancy Shipp: 

Mary; born April 23, 1785. 

Elizabeth; bom Feb. 5, 1787; married a son of Tom Claud. 

James; born March 20, 1789; married a Miss Carter. 

Joseph; bom Feb. 4, 1791; married Christine Harmon Lyon, a 
daughter of James Lyon and his wife, Hettie Gaines, who was a sister 
of General Edmund Pendleton Gaines, hero of Lake Erie. 

Virginia; born Aug. 10, 1794; died June 26, 1797. 

John; bom May 5, 1797; married Nancy Perkins. They had one 
daughter, Carolina Virginia Martin, grandmother of Capt. Jas. G. 

Samuel; born Jan. 29, 1800; married a Miss Penn. 

George; born Oct. 30, 1802. 

Thomas; born Jan. 18, 1805; married Miss Smith. 

William; born Aug. 26, 1809; died 1859. 

We are sorry we cannot give full lines of descent from this family; 
but will give the names of the children of the fourfli child. Col. Joseph 
Martin, of Stokes county, N. C, and his wife, Christine Har- 
mon (Lyon) Martin. They were married in June, 1818. He was educat- 
ed at Philadelphia. 

CfUMren of Cd. Joseph Martin tA Stcrfres Cotuity. North CaroUoa. and 
His Wife, Clirlstiine Harmon Lyon 

John Lyon; born June 20, 1820; died Nov. 10, 1865. 

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Eliiabeth; born Nov. 7, 1822; married ■ Moon; s ftrolber 

of Ooveraor Gabriel Moore, ot Alabaoia. She has one daughter, Mrs. 
E. A. Couraid, of LouisviUe, "Pilot View Fann," N. C. 

Edmund Pendleton; bom March 29, 1824. 

Jameft Gaines; born Oct 16, 1'825; married Maitba Josephine Piiiir' 

Augustine Henry : bont March A >S27. 

Sarah Ann; bom March 8, 1828. 

Mary Frances; born May 20, i83a , ., 

M^illiam Francis; bom May 10, 1832. 

Martha Josephine; born Nov. 4, 1833. 

Margaret Isabella; born Aug. 23, 1835. 

Amanda Oilium; bom March 27, 1837. 

Myra Gaines; bom Oct. 5, 1839; mtrried ^fu^ and had one dau^ 
ler, Fannie N. Owen. 

Joseph Martin; bom Feb. 25, I843L 

John Lyon Martin; married EGza Meadowy Aog. 2S, 1853. Their 
Rrst child was Christina Frances Martin, named for her grcndmother. 
but who, early in Bfe, received the nidtname "KJtti'e" and is unrversaDy 
known as Mrs. lO'ttie Martin Lea. Her husband, Henry Clinton Lea, 
was educated at Chapef Hill. He read law under Judge Dargon, of Mo- 
bile. He became captain in the 8th Alabama regiment, of which his 
kinsman, Biliary A. Herbert, wae colonel. Col. Herbert (ater became 
Secretary of the Navy In Cleveland's cabinet. Mr. Lea was memtier 
Constitutional Convention of Alabama in 1875. Tftey had (wo sons to 
die young, Henry C. and Martin A. 

ETiza M. Martin; died August 13, 1880. 
Chfldreii of John Lyon MarUrt and His WRe, EBxt htadmn 

Kiftie Martin; born June 22, 1855; married H. C. Lee, and Cves in 
Tampa, Florida. 

Joseph Martin; bom June 25, 1856; died in 1921. 

lola 0, Martin; born Feb. 20, 1859; married Asy Meadoww; lives 
in Jacksonville, Texas. 

Martha N. C. Martin; born Jan. 7, 1862; married S. Y. Algood. She 
lives in Tampa, Fla. 

Myra Lyon Marrin; born Jan. 30, 1865; married Nickolas Wise; 
lives at Bay City, Texas. 

CUIdren of IQtfle Mwtltt and Her Hnsbuut H. C Lea. 

William Martin Lea; married Janie Reynolds. They have two rf-if- 
dren, Kittie R., and Jane. 

Henry C. 

Martin Algernon. 
Children of Martha N. C. Martin and her Husband, S. Y. Algood: 

Evelyn Gaines Algood; married I. G. Hedriclc. 

Robert M. Algood. 

Kittie Lea Algood; married L. N. Weafherly; lives in Tampa, Fla. 

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Marion Algood; married Anna L. Graham; had son, Jewell L^ who 
saved in World war. 


JowcH Lyon. 

Cohmd WnBBm Frands Mar^ 

Cd, Wifliam F. Martin, son ol Cd. Joseph Martin of Stokes cuunty, 
T4. C, was born in the famous "Rock Honse," May 10^ 1832. He mar- 
Tied Jenme WeHbome, of a highly respected lamfly. They made their 
iwtm In Mobile, Alabama. 

Daring the War l>etween the States, Col. W. F. Martin commanded 
a regnnent ol cavalry, and was noted for gallantry on the field ol bat- 
lie. He died m 1883, and his wife two yeaie later. Aher the death of 
lirs brother, John Lyon Martin, William F. Martin edacated his bnAher's 
Children oT Col. WiHiain F. Martin and brs wife, Jennie Welltwme: 

Jennie M^rtm; married Weflbome Keith. They live in Alexandria, 

James Lyon Martin; lives at Ruston, Looisiana. He is a man ol 

Joseph Wcnborne Martin; lives at Pine Blaf^ Arkansas. 

Samuel Martin. 

Ceorge Martin. 

John Martin. 

James Gaines Martin, TOn b1 Cd. Joseph Martin oi Stokes county. 
North CaroHna, and hts wife, Christine Harmon Lyon, was bom Oct. 
25, 1825. He had only one son, Dr. R. S. Marthi, who lives in Stuart, 
Ptltrick county, Va. Here he has a private sanitarium; and was at on2 
time President of Board of Physicians and Etoard o! Examiners. He 
stands at flie head of his profes»on in Virginia. His mother was Mar- 
,tla Josephine Priagie. Some (A this family live mnr (1917) at Camp- 
betl, Stokes county. North Carolina. 

William Prestoa Byimm 
tA descendant of CoL Jack Martin, of "Rock House") 
.Winiam Preston Bynum was bom in McDowell county, North Car- 
olina, August I, 1861, and was the son of Benjamin F. and Charity 
Henrietta (Morris) Bynum. .He was educated in flie public schools and 
at JTriidty College, North Carolina, from which latter institution .he was 
graduated in 1883 and obtained his degree o! A. M. He studied law in 
the law school of Dick and Dillard in Greensboro, N. C, and was ad- 
mitted to the bar in February, 1884. For a short time thereafter he 
was associated in the practice with his uncle, an ex-]uBtice of the Su> 
preme Court of North Carolina, at Chariotte, N. C 

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In 1887 he moved to Greensboro, N. C, where he has practiced 
continuously since that time in all the courts of the state and in aft 
of the United States courts. In 1890 he was Republican candidate for 
State Senator from Guilford county. In 1892 he was Presidential Elector 
on the Republican ticket. In 1894 he was elected Solicitor for the 
Fifth Judicial District of North Carolina on the Republican ticket, which 
position he held until the year 1898. He was Judge of the SuperiiK 
Court of North Carolina in 1898-1899. In 1899 he was appointed Spec- 
ial United States Attorney to represent the Government in the prosecu- 
tion of a number of t>ank cases pending in the Western district of Noiiii 
Carolina. In 1911 and 1912 he was a member of the committee ap- 
pointed by the United States Circuit Court of Appeals for the Fourth 
Circuit to assist in the revision of the rules of practice for the Courts 
of Equity of the United States. He was one of the Electors at Large for 
North Carolina on the National Republican ticket in 1912. In 1915 and 
1916 he served as a member of the commission appointed by the Gov- 
ernor of North Carolina for the purpose of revising the system of court 
procedure and to formulate a uniform system of inferior courts in that 
state. He is a member of the American Political Science Association 
and American Society of Criminology. For four yeare he was Pre^dent 
of the General Council of the American Bar Association and also served 
as a member of the Executive Committee of that Association for a term 
o> three years. In 1916 he was the candidate of the Republican party 
for Chief justice of the Supreme Court of North Carolina. In 1919 he 
was elected president of the North Carolina Bar Association, serving 
for one year. The same year he was appointed a member of the Com- 
mittee of the American Bar Association to report on the United States 
Military Practice and Procedure. He is a member of the National Con- 
ference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws. He was married 
in the year 1892 to Miss Mary F. Walker, of Charlotte, N. C, and has 
no children. 

Some descendants of George Martin, son of Col. Jack Martin and 
his wife, Nancy Shipp, live in Kentucky. Among them Pocahontas, a 
daughter of George, married Martin, of Monroe county, Ky. Other 
descendants of Col. Jack Martin live in California, etc. 

There is an extensive connection of the Bynums with the Hampton 
family, of which Wade Hampton, of South Carolina, was a member. 
Mr. R. P. Reece, of Winston-Salem, N. C, comes of the Hampton branch. 
His grandfather. Dr. Jno. Hampton, was bom in 1795} is buried at Flat 
Rock church, Hampton vilte. 

John Martin and Nancy Perkins were married August 17th, 1820. 



]dhn Mufin, -son of Col. Jack Martin and his wiie, Nancy Shipp, 
was bom May 5th, 1797; died May 27, 1845. Nancy Perluns; bora 
April 22, 1804, died June 15, 1S93. Childr«a; 

WiBUun; bom November 8, I82L 

Faifliy; boni July 13, 1823. 

Eiizrtefh S.; bom Feb. 22, 1825. 

Thoina«P.;boniFeb. 24, 1828. ■ : i - 

Mary; bom Feb. 16, 183a ".' 

John; bom Jan. 1, 1832. " ^ 

Henry P.; "bora March 28, 1831. 

BmiJine S.; bom Sept. 15, 1835. 

Victoria; Iwm Dec. 27, 1837. 

Carofitn Vir^nia; bom April 1, I839l 

Peter P.; bom Nov. 2, 1841. 

Carolina Vir^nia Martin and John Coy were married I 
:20, 1855. Children: 

Mary L.; bom Dec. 9, 1856; died March 9, 1857. 

Flora L.; bom July 21, 1858. 

Nannie j.; bom Aug. 17, 1860; died - 

Gara H.; hom Marcli 10, 1864; died - 

CaroTina Virginia; bom Nov. 21, 1866; died - 

Maude (haH sister); bom Jan. IP, 1869. 

Flora L. Coy and Casnus M. Aiithony were mamed Sepl 12, 1877. 

Floyd; bom In 1878; died, 1882. 

James 0.; bom Marcli 14, 1880; married PaiiBne Fissman, ol Ala- 
meda. Calif., Oct. 24, 1907. No children. 

Cfaaries C; bom in May, 1885. 

Pauline; bom Octoter 12, 1890; married Thomas TownSey, ol 
Indiana, September 5, 1914; no children. 

Charies C. Anthony married Anna Smifli, <H ininois. Clnldren: 

Wanda; died in Infancy. 

Dorofh Lorraine . 

Oiarles Clifton, Jr. 

James 0. Anthony; T>om March 14, 1880; graduated Trom Lebanon 
Indiana Tfigh School in 1900; graduated from Purdue University, in 
electrical engineering. In 1904; commissioned Captain Signal Corps U. 
S. Army, Peb. 1, 1918; promoted to Majority July 1. 1919; accepted 
commission in regular army July 1, 1920. 

Charles C Anthony; bora in 1885; entered Purdue University in 
1902 and left in 1906 without .graduating ; took up civil engineering; In 
1914 was sent to Europe by New York State Commission to make a 
■study oi the principal European Spas lor (he purpose ol Improving the 
■spa at Saratoga Springs; now manager oT the Arrowhead Mmersil 
Springs Co., Los Angeles, California. 

Pauline Anthony; bom October 12, 1890; graduated from West La- 
fayette Kgh School And entered Purdue University in I90B; graduated 


in 1912; married Thomas Town^, Oct. S, 1914, and went to Columbia, 
Mo; to live. 

Senator Thomas Staple* Maitia 

Thomas Staples Martin, United States Senator, who has made such 
a brilliant record in Congress, is from Albemarle county, Virginia. 
He comes of the Joseph Martin and his wife, Susanna Chiles, line. One 
of his ancestors, Thomas Martin, settled on Hardware river in 1764, 
where his descendants have resided ever since. This Thomas Martin 

died in 1792. His wife was Mary . They" had ten children 

(bee Wood's History of Albemarle County). 

Thomas Staples Martin was bom and reared at Scottsville, on 
the James, Albemarie county, Virginia, just twenty miles from Char- 
lottsviile, so near Monticello. He was imbued with Jeffersonian princi- 
ples, and it is said of him that he was a devotee at the shrine of ante- 
bellum citizenship. 

After his graduation from the Virginia Military Institute, Martin en- 
tered the office of his uncle, Judge John Schuyler Moon, a noted Chancery 
Lawyer. His friend, Wm. H, Bumpus, of Nashville, Tenn., speaks of him in 
the following terms: "For three years of Buckingham courthouse with 
my uncle, Judge John Hill, Thomas S. Bocock, and N. P. Bocock, aQ 
gieat lawyers, we were so constantly thrown together as friends and stu- 
dents. I never knew a better student, a finer gentleman, a more modest, 
unaffected man. His mind was analytical and logical. . . .He made his 
first speech at Buckingham courthouse." Martin ran for United States 
Senator against Fitzhugh Lee, who had been Governor and who was a 
nephew of Robert E. Lee, the idol of Virginia and of the South. "It was 
the most intense battle of intellects in the memory of men; but the logic 
F Martin prevailed." He became Senator March 11, I89S, and continued 
in office until his death in 1919, 24 years. He vras the administration's 
strong friend in the troublous days of the World war; and his death 
was a great blow to President Wilson. His death was doubtless hasten- 
ed by hard-working during the war as Chairman of the Senate Appro- 
priations Committee. He had most exacting and important duties in 
this capacity, which allowed him neither rest nor relaxation. He died at 
his. post, during the great wrangle in the Senate over the ratification of 
the Peace Treaty and the League of Nations. On the day o! his funeral, 
Nov. 14, 1919, the Senate was in recess that members might attend. 
Besides the Senate and House committees, Vice-President Marshall, Re- 
publican Leader Lodge, Administration Leader Hitchcock, of the Sert- 
ale, and neariy one hundred members of the Senate and House made the 
journey to Charlottsville. Others who accompanied them were Secre- 
tary of the Treasury Glass and Thomas Nelson Page, former Ambassa- 
dor to Italy, and other frietrds. 

Senator Swanson, of Virpnia. who was associated in political life 
with Senator Martin for many years, gives the life story of this man, 
whom he classed as "my best, dearest, and most intimate friend." 

Senator Martin was one of the last Confederate veterans to git in 

MARTDf jfg 

the Senate. He enlisted in the Southern army as a boy of 16. Senator 
Nelson, Republican of Minnesota, himself a Union veteran, joined in 
vcHcing praise of the dead Virginian (see Nashville Banner of April 10. 
1920). ^ 

One of Senator Martin's most noteworthy achievements was when 
he inserted in the Senate Record the achievements of the second session 
of the Sixty-fifth Congress in which twenty-fve specific acts of import- 
ance to the prosecution of the war are enumerated. This included leg- 
islation affecting the second and third Liberty Loan Acts; also the Man 
Power Act, extending the draft ages, and other measures, which would 
undoubtedly be passed, he said, before the end of the session. 

A record was sent to me in May, 1918, by my cousin, Bettie Hair- 
ston Ingles, of Virginia, who was at that time in Atlanta, Georgia, with 
her daughter. I like to acknowledge my authority for assertions made, 
but in this do not know just where to make quotation marks. 

Oov- Josiah Martin, Gov. Alexander Martin, both of N. C., and 
Joseph Martin were kinsmen. 

James Martin Record 

James Martin, nephew of James Martin and his wife, Anne Drum- 
mond, who was a daughter of Governor Drummond, of New Jersey, 
made some record of the Martin family {pven to him by his uncle, James 
Martin. He says, too, the account he gives was handed down by Al- 
exander Martin, who obtained it from his half uncle, James Mrrtin, who 
lived and died on the south branch of the Raretan river, New Jersey, in 

Hugh Martin married a ^ster of John rnd Alexander Hunter, who 
also came from Ireland. Alexander Hunter was the father of Coionel 
James Hunter, who died at Beaver Island, North Carolina, and to whose 
/nemory a monument was erected near Guilford courthouse, where he 
fought during the Rewriufionary war with signal bravery. He was an 
ancestor of Dr. Robert Hunter Datton (1804-1900), whose manuscripts 
are so often referred to in this book. Dr. R. H. Dnlton was related to 
the writer of this family history, Lucy Henderson Horton, through the 
Daltons and Hendersons. 

Mrs. Ingles says from early records handed down in a paper writ- 
ten by one James Martin, who was a son of theimmigrant, is given the 
n.ime of Hugh Martin, who came to America at the age of 21. He was born 
in the county of Tyrone, Ireland, near the town Tuskilling, about 1700 
He was the eldest son by a second marriage of Alexander Martin to 
Martha Coghran, of Coughran, who came ovet about 1723. landing at 
Newcastle, on the Delaware. His family consisted of Hugh, who had 
arrived two years previous; Thomas, Robert, Henry, A^es and Esther. 

Agnes married a Quaker, Dawson, and lived near Cowles Ferry on 
the Delaware in Pennsylvania. Esther married Francis Mason, who 
lived in the forks of the Delaware. He raised three or four as lai^e, 
athletic sons as could be found in the county. 

Alexander Martin, the father, did not live long. After his death his 

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widow, Marlba Martin, lived witb her daughter, Mason, imtil 

her death at seventy years or more. 

William Martin, half brother of tliese children, moved to SouOi 
Carolina, to a place called Powyon, on the Edisto river, and died there 
leaving only daughters. 

James Martin, brother of Atejundcr, came to America and married 
Anne Drummond, daughter of Governor Drurnmond, (A New Jersey. They 
had two sons, James and Winiam, and several daug^ers^ 

The children of Hugh Martin and bis wife, Hunter, were: 

Oovemor Alexander Martin, of North Carofina; CoL James Martin, of 
Stokes county. North Carolina, a man of disttngtnsbed ability, being a 
Cokmel in the Revolution, and who was the father of Judge James Mar- 
tin, of SaGsbory, who died in Mobile, Alabama; Thomas Martin; Samuel 
Martin (see page 181, Wheeler's Htstorji of North Carolina). 

Thomas Marfin graduated af Princeton, and then moved to Orange 
county, Virginia, where he taught a Latin school near M. E. Madison's. 
He was recommended to the Bishop of London for Episcopal orders 
and, being quite an orator, he had the honor of preaching before the 
King and Queen of England in London. He then returned to Virginia 
and took charge of a glebe in Orange county, Virginia. 

Samuel Martin, son of Hugh Martin and his wife, > Hunter, 

married a Miss Caldwell. He was clerk of the court of Mecklenburg 
county. North Carolina. 

Jane Atartin married Thomas Henderson. 

James Marfin, the writer of his family's history, married his cou»n, 
a Miss Rogers, daughter of Thomas and Frances (Martin) Rogers. 

Dr. William Martin, an eminent surgeon of London, left a son, Wil- 
Tiam. doubtless one of the emigrf nts to America. 

Miss Josephine Robertson, of Statesville, North Carolina, says that 
there were in the garret at "Belmont," home of her great-grandfather. 
General Joseph Marfin, in Henry county, Virginia, letters from Oovemor 
Alexander Martin, which proved they were related. Letters from Josiab 
Martin were also there, proving his relationship. Iliese lettfers were, 
however, tost in the fire. The family notes received from Mrs. Ingles 
prove that they were related. 

Josiah Martin, Governor of North Carolina in 1771, had married his 
cousin, Elizabeth, daughter of Jostah Martin, of Long l^and. He was 
the last of the royal governors of North Carolina. Under his admini»> 
tration Martin Howard was Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, and 
Maurice Moore and Richard Henderson were Afisociafe Justices. 

"Governor Josiah Martin was by profession a soldier. He bore the 
rank of Major in the Briti^ army, being an Englishman by birth. He 
was a brother of Samuel Martin, a member of the British Parilament, 
who was distinguished by a duel fought with the celebrated John 
Wilkes in 1763" (See page 1—62, Wheeler's History of North Caro- 

The Martins married into the great Fanshaw family of England, 
which is fnHy extended in the "Heraldica Miscelanica." Henry Martin, 

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born 1733, ConfroUer of English navy, was created Baronet on the 28th 
of July, 1791. 

Turning to the establishment of the family in England, Sir Bernard 
Burke gives the foHowing: "The family of Martin is descended from 
Samud Martin of Green Castle. He was descended from Joseph Martin, 
County Doubiin, who maried Lydia, daughter and co-h«r of Qeoi^e 
Thomas, of Antiqua and had — 1st, Samuel; 2nd, Josiah, of Long Island, 
ill U. S. A., who married Mary Yeamans, of Antiqua, who had — 1st, 
Samuel; 2nd, Charles Yeamans, who died without issue; 3rd, William. 
Elizabeth, the eldest daughter, married her kinsman, jo^ah \tartin. 
Governor of North Carolina; Alice; Rachel, who maried Mr. Bannister, 
of Long Island." 

Thus we have the family brought in clear touch with the Amer- 
ican colonies. Their descendants can be traced in New Jersey, Vir- 
ginia, North and South Carolina, Tennessee and Alabama. 
Governor Alexander Martin's Bmnch 

There were intermarriages in the Dalton, Martin, Hughes, Hender- 
son and Winston families in the border counties of North Carolina and 
Virginia. Dr. Robert Hunter Dalton, from whose records we often quote, 
was an offspring of these unions. He descends from Thomas Hender- 
son, son of Samuel Henderson (1700-1784) of Granville county, N, C, 
and his wife, Jane Martin, sister of Governor Alexander Martin of North 
Carolina, and sister of Col. James Mlartin of Snow Creek, Stokes coun- 
ty, North Carolina, and of Robert Martin. Gov. Martin, in his will, 
makes Col. James Hunter, whom he de^gnates as "my friend and rela- 
tion," his executor. This Col. James Hunter was a kinsman of Dr. Rob- 
ert Hunter Dalton. 

Dr. Robert H. Dalton himself married Jane Martin Henderson of a 
later generation. The will of Gov. Alexander Martin shows something 
of the relationship between these families. For other evidences of the 
relationship, see the Robert Hunter Dalton records, which are filed in 
the archives of Missouri Historical Society. 

Gov. Martin's father, Rev. Hugh Martin, was a native of Tyrone 
county, Ireland. He settled in New Jersey in 1721, and here Alexander 
Martin was bom the same year. 

Mr. Bradley Martin of Palmyra, Tenn., loaned the writer the orifii- 
nal will of Gov. Alexander Martin. We shall say in passing that Mr. 
Martin is a member of the North Carcdina Society of Cincinnati. At the 
present time (1912) there are only seven members of the Society of 
Cincinnati in Tennessee, so exclusive is the order. Gov. Alexander 
Martin was also a member of this order. 

Bradley Martin descends from Captain Gee Bradley, of the Third 
Continental Army, fhroiiRh his daughter, who married lames Martin, 
brother of Alexander. They had two sons, Thomas and Bradley MSrtin, 
father of the living Bradley. 

Mr. Bradley Martin says that one of his kinsmen, Hon. A. R. Ohal- 
son, has a tea pot that was given to his great-great^randmother Rogers 

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by Gov. Martin, having Hie coat of arms inscribed upon it. The win of 
Uov. Martin is very interesting and we will take extracts from it. Tbe 
will is dated "State of Nortti Carolina, Rockingham County, November 
Sessions, 1807." He orders that "all my just debts be paid out of whM 
ciops 1 have on hand and out of the crops for the succeeding year, for 
which purpose ait my hands will be Icept together under overseers ior 
said year witbout division," etc. tie speaks of his brothers, James and 
Robert Martin, and his sisters, Martha Rogers and Jane Henderson. He 
owned a great deal of land, having a tract of 300 acres in Montgomery 
county, 200 in Anson, 400 in Rowen, 640 acres in partnership with CoL 
Ad Osborne in Buncome county, and 400 acres in Wilkes. These lands 
were to be sold for division between the above named brothers and 

He gave his Danbury plantation, where he lived, to his biother-iit- 
law, Thomas Henderson, and wife, Anna Jane Henderson, "on the 
condition that they maintain and support my mother, jane Martin, in ab 
decent and proper a manner with regard to clothing and provision as 
she has been accustomed to during her residence with me." 

Danbury plantation comprised more than seven hundred acres of 
land. Prince, who was a servant to Gov. Martin's mother, was to he 
set ftee after her death. He gave Prince, under the name of Prince Martin, 
one hundred and forty acresi of land, one horse, one cow, one calf, sow 
and pig^ 

He gave to Thomas Henderson and Jane Martin Henderson, his 
wife, negroes named Peg and Nancy, and he gave to another heir a 
negro named Suck and one named Lewis. (We win say, incidentally, 
that theRe names were borne by negroes belonging fo my grandfather 
Samuel Henderson. This Thomas Henderson and my grandfather both 
dtscended from Samuel Henderson (1700-1784) of Granville county, 
N, C. Thev ovimed negroes of the same stock). 

Gov. Martin disposes of his gristmill, of his still, of his blacfc-smitfr 
jack, and of Ihe blacksmith tools. Adjacent to the Danbury plantation 
were two hundred acres, and also near were ninety-six acres. He gives 
land and negroes to his brother's natural son, called Robert, and to his 
brother's natural daughter. 

Gov. Martin also had two thousand acres on Duck river. He gave 
to his natural son, "Alexander Strong, son of Elizabeth Strong, other- 
wise known by the name of Alexander Strong Martin," eight hundred 
acres in one tract and forty in another, "also four hundred and fifty 
acres, part of my Harpeth land in the State of Tennessee." He atso 
gives his natural son negroes. One can see in the books at the court 
house in Franklin. Tennessee, that Gov. Martin had a large grant of 
land from North Carolina in what is now Williamson counfy, in Ten- 
neRsee. He gives one of his Roger nephews land in Stokes county, N. 
C. Besides this, he owned three hundred acres of land in Stokes coun- 
ty, and four hundred and twenty acres in Guilford county. "I give and 
bequeath to my nephews, James Rogers, Samuel Rogers and Nathaniel 
Henderson, son of Thomas Henderson, the residue of my Harpeth land 

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in the State of Tennessee, which reidue wil contain one thousand eight 
hundred and fourteen acres, to be equally divided among them, equal 
in quantity and quality, each to have his chtMce according to the order 
their aames stand in this-" 

Samuel Henderson, grandfather of the writer, lies buried on this 
land in Williamson county, Tennessee. A small, old-fashioned stone 
marks his grave. 

Gowemor Martin disposed of his Catsban plantation in Linden coun- 
ty, the upper part including the ferry. He speaks of his nephew, Samud 
Henderson, and of giving him land on the Cataban river. He gives to 
Thomas Henderson "lot of land lying in Raleigh city, adjoining Mr, 
Secretary ^^ite's lot, where he lives." Also house and lot in town ol 
Martinsville, Cuilford county, and half of all lots adjacent to that which 
lie holds in partnership with his father, Thomas Henderson. He gives 
away a good many negroes. He ^ves someone "table furniture, suita- 
ble for breakfast and dinner." He sets some of his negroes free. He 
speaks of Prince Martin "being a true, confidential and faithful ser- 
vant;" and further: "As lo my man Ben, his services entitle him to 
this favor, from his great fidelity to me in his private capacity, but when 
his public services are considered, they must be deemed highly meri- 
torious by his country. It is well known, and I hereby certify that he 
served fiis country Hiree years in the Continental service under my 
command faithfully and with reputation as a soldier, and poor fellow, 
being an humble friend, companion and servant, bravely risked his life 
to obtain thai liberty from British domination for his master and coun- 
try, which liberty he was incapable of enjoying tlie sweets and bene- 
fits of, and conscious of this inability, and that the said Ben and his 
lamily may not become burdensome To the public, 1 hereby give and 
devise to him, under the name of Benjamin Harris Martin, four hundred 
acres of land lying on the Guilford road, and forty in Rockingham coun- 
ty. 1 also give and bequeatb to the said Benjamin Harris Martin two 
good work horses, two cows and calves, two plows and two sows and 
pigs." Governor Martin binds himself to the Stale of North Carolina 
lor the good behavior of Ben and his family, and of Prince for five 
years. He gives to Prince one hundred and forty acres on Guilford 

We win pause to say that the United Daughters of the Confederacy 
are endeavoring to preserve. In their historical work, records of kindly 
feeling between the masters and the slaves in the Old South. The 
writer, Lucy Henderson Horton, contributed to records gotten up by 
Mrs. Owen W^er, State Historian U. D. C, passages from the will of 
Governor Aleiiander Martin, which set forth something of the sympathy 
between master and slave. 

Governor Martin In his will further says: *1 give and devise to my 
brother, James Martin, Cdl. James Hunter, Thomas Henderson and Al- 
exander Martin, Jr., my warrant and entry of five thousand acres of 
land lying near the Iron bank of the Mississippi river, on the northwest- 
ei n comer of flie State of Tennessee, to be equally divided among them 



in quality and quantity, to bold to them and to each of their heirs and 
assigns forever." He gives to Arthur Hayes Rve hundred acres of land. 
This man was a kinsman of the Mr. Hayes who married a daughter of 
President Jefferson Davis of honored Confederate memory. He gives 
to Alexander Fr(^ack his small sword, which was presented to him 
when Governor by his friend, Thomas Frohack, father of Alexander. He 
gives his "silver coffee pot and stand of silver with my sugar dish to 
my »ster, Jane Henderson, my tea pot and milk pot to my sister, Mar- 
tha Rogers," other silver to be equally divided. He gives his law books 
to his nephews. He gives his encyclopedia to one of the nephews and 
speaks of his "other books, medical and scientific and of miscellaneous 
nature." He also speaks of his Duke's cabin tract of land: "I give and 
bequeath to Dr. Samuel Henderson, Jr., my negro boy, Lemisic, to hold 
to him and his heirs and assigns forever." He gives to his natural son 
horses, cattle and hogs; also negroes. 'Xastly, I constitute, appoint, 
and ordain my friend and relation, Oot. James Hunter, to be the exec- 
utor of this last will and testament, from the great trust and confidence 
I place in his honesty and integrity of which I have been witness." This 
will is written by Thomas Lane and Robert Napier. There are several 
codicih, which we shall not go into in detail except to say that Martin 
speaks of giving his silver branch candlestick to his brother, James 
Martin, Sr., also his gold stock buckle, his portrait, and hts gold-headed 
cane. He g^ves his horseman sword to his natural son, also his silver 
spurs ai d gold sleeve buttons. Martin gives his household fumirure to 
his sister and brother to continue in the Danbury house. He speaks of 
beds and curtains, of window curli-ins, hand iroii\ pictures, China 
press, book case, etc. 

Alexander Martin moved from New Jersey, where he was bom, to 
Virginia, thence to North Carolina. In 1776 he was appointed colonel 
of a re^ment in the Continental line and marched with Qeneral Nash 
to join Washington. He was elected governor of North Carolina in 
1782 and again in 1789. He deposited in' the office of the Secretary of 
State at Raleigh "Letters of the Hon. Alexander Spottswood, late Gover- 
nor of Virginia, respecting affairs of North Carolina, addressed to the 
ministry of the late Queen Anne." 

We -are told that Gov. Martin lived at Danbury "In affluence and 
open handed hospitality." His brothers were Col. James Martin of Snow 
Creek, Stokes county, N. C, who was a colonel in the Revolutionary war 
and who was the father of the late judge James Martin, of Salisbury, 
who died in Mobile, Alabama, and Robert Martin. 

We have already spoken of Col. James Martin of Snow Creek, a 
brother of Gov. Martin, having married a daughter of Captain Oee Brad- 
ley, of the Third Continental army. They had two sons, Thomas Mar- 


tin and Bradley Martin, lather of the living Bradley Martin, of Palmyra, 
Tenn. (1912), 

The children of Bradley Martin of Palmyra, Tennessee, are: 

Bailey, of Spokane, Wash. 

Adaline O'Neal, of Palmyra, Tenn. 

Bradley, Jr. 

Elizabeth M. Cummings, of Nashville, Tenn. ' 

Richard, of Clarksville, Tenn. 

Tennie Moore, of Palmyra, Tenn. 

Etta Lee. 



Some living representatives of the Robert Martin branch, brother of 
Governor Alexander Martin, are Mr. Bradley Aiartin, of London, Eng- 
land, and his son, Bradley Martin, Jr., of New York. These men are 
multimillionaires. In both London and New York they entertain most 
lavishly in a social way. The St. Louis Republic for June 2, 1912, 
speaks of Mrs. Bradley Martin of London as "one of the foremost host- 
esses of the day," 

Robert D. Douglas, attorney at law, Greensboro, N. C, is a grand- 
son of Robert Martin, Rockingham county, N, C, being a son of his 
only child, Martha Denney Martin, who married Hon. Stephen A. Doug- 
las. We will give Robert D. Douglas' line of descent as written by 
Wmself, Nov, 11, 1916: 

L "Rev, Hugh Martin, a Presbyterian preacher, came to this country 
from the north of Ireland and settled in New Jersey. He had four sous, 
Oovernor Alexander Martm, James, Samuel and Robert. Perhaps there 

were others. He had two daughters, one of whom married 


II, "The Robert Martin mentioned above settled in Rockingham 
county, N. C, and left a son. Robert Martin. Jr. 

fll. "The Robert Martin, Jr., mentioned above lived in Rockingham 
county, N. C, He was generally known as "Col. Bob Martin,' and 
acquired a considerable amount oT property, several times represented 
his county in the State Legislature, and left one child. Martha Denney 

IV. "Martha Denney Martin, mentioned above, married Stephen 
A. Douglas. She left two children, Robert Martin Douglas and Stephen 
A. Douglas, Jr. 

V. "The writer is the oldest child of Robert Martin Douglas." 
He was Robert D. Douglas, of Greensboro, N. C. 

Stephen A. Douglas, the "Llttla Giant," as he was called, was one 
of the leaders of his party, being nominated by the Democrats in I860 
for Preadent of the United States. 

"Col. Bob Martin," spoken of above, served in the Senate of North 
Carrfina from 1829 to "34 (see Wheeler's History of North Carolina, 
page 355). 

"While living in Chicago, under the influence of his wife, Stephen 


A. Douglas gave a portion of land for a Baptist college in that dty. 
Hundreds of ministers have been educated in this college and seminary, 
and have circled the globe with their messages of love," (See Article 
by H. A. Brown, D. D. in Christian Index, titled Reminiscenses of Elias 
Dodson). Mrs. Stephen A. Douglas, when a girl in the home of 
^ov, Alexander Martin, became a convert throu^ the ministry o( Elias 

Captain John Martin 

The first man of the name of Martin in America was Captain Jriin 
Martin, who came lo Jamestown, Vir^nia, in 1607, On page 131, 
Daughters of the American Revolution Magazine for March, 1918, it 
is said: "As a colonist, the actual record of John Smith does not bear 
comparison with that of John Martin. Smith spent but two years in 
Virginia, while Martin established prosperous communities in the self- 
governing commonwealth. When Martin visited England in 1616 and 
again in 1623 he labored in behalf of the colony." 

A son of this m^n drifted to Albemarle county, Virginia, and here 
Abram Martin, grandson of Captain John Martin, was born. Abram was 
living in Albemarle county, Va., (Miss Anna D. Elmore, of Montgomerj', 
Alabama, a lineal descendant, says) in 1685, because some of her old 
records show that his son, John, was born in Albemarle county in 16S9. 
Miss Elmore is an authority on Martin genealogy. 

History tells us that what is known as the "Plains of Abraham," 
near Quebec, where Gen. James Wolfe defeated the French, Sept. 13, 
1759, was so called in honor of this Abraham Martin. 

John Martin, son of Abraham Martin, had the following children: 

Thomas Martin: bom 1714. 

Abram Martin, Jr.; born Feb. 7, 1716. 

John Martin. 

— ^ Martin; married a White. 

Eliza Martin; married a Douglas^ 

Mary Martin, married a Clark. 

Abram Martin, Jr., married Ellizabeth Marshall, who was born in 
Westmoreland county, Va., March 1, 1727. She was an aunt of Chief 
Justice John Marshall, as proved by old letters found in the fomilies of 
Abram Martin. After the war of 1776, Abram was killed by the In- 
dians white looking for land in Georgia. 

John Martin, son of Abram Martin (2nd) was the father of Judge 
William D. Martin. Judge William Dickson Martin was a member of 
Congress from South Carolina, and was Judge of the Supreme Court 
ot South Carolina. 

Abram Martin had moved from Virginia to Edgefield District, S. 
C. Judge William D. Martin, his grandson, lived in Charleston in the 

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same state. A tombstone still marks bis grave here in St. Micheal's 

Children of Abram Martin, Jr., and his wife, Elizabeth Marshall: 








There was one daughter, whose name we do not know. 

WiUiam, the eldest son of Abram Martin (2n(l) was a captain of 
artillery- He was killed at Augusta, Georgia. He married Grace War- 
ren. We will say in passing that a chapter of Children of the Ameri- 
ccn Revolution organized in Franklin, Tenn., by Mrs. Martha Jones 
Gentry in 1898 was called the "Grace Wsrren Chapter" in honor of this 
woman. The writer's daughter, Sallie Horton, was a memtxr of this 

Barcley Martin was a member of congress. He married Rachel 
Clay, a cousin of Henry Clay. She was born in Chariotte county, Va. 

Matthew, the youngest son of Abram Martin, Jr., lived at one time 
in Bourbon county, Ky. He later settied in Bedford county, Tenn. His 
name ie on the D. A. R. monument to the soldiers of the Revolution who 
are buried in Tennessee soil. This monument is on the publlic square 
in Nashville, Tenn. He was ancestor of Gus Sowell and his sisters, 
Lizzie and Jennie Hines, of Birmingham, Alabama, and of Mrs. Betlie 
Martin Thomas, wife of the late Atha Thomas, of Franklin, Tenn. 

AH of these sons of Abram Martin (2nd) were officers in the 
American Revolution except the youngest son. We find prominent 
names among Abram Martin's descendants. Two of General Martin's 
daughters married gentlemen of prominence. One was the wife of 
Governor Fttzpatrick of Alabama, who was also U. S. Senator. Susan 
Martin, another daughter, married Dixon H. Lewis, Senator from Al- 
abama. He is said to have been physically the biggest man in the 
U. S. Senate. It is said that tha hackmen in Washington did not like 
to serve him, for at one time in teking a seat in a hack his immense 
weight broke it to pieces. 

John A. Elmore, of Alabama, was a cousin of Matthew Martin. 
George N. Tillman, son of Abram Tillman end his wife, Rachel Martin, 
of Nashville, Tenn., who at one time ran for governor of Tennessee, 
descends from Abram Martin. 

Col. William Neil Hughes and his sisters, Mrs. Sarah Gifford, Mrs. 
Alice Smith, of Columbia, Tenn., his brother, General Hughes of To- 
peka, Kansas; Colonel Archelaus Hughee and Edmund Hughes, on their 
maternal «de, descend from Abram Martin and his wife, Elizabeth Mar- 

The line of Mrs. Atha Thomas, of Franklin, Tenn., runs: 



Abram Martin (2iu]); marned Elizabeth Ma rshaU. Their son, Mat- 
tiiew, married Sally Clay, of BourbOD county, Ky. Their daughter, Bettie 
Martin, married Edward A. Mosely. Their daughter, Letty L. Mosely, 
burn in Bedford county, Tennessee, married, first, Washington Whitaker. 
I'heir daughter, Bettie Martin Whitaker, married first, Ambrose T. 
Sykes. Issue: Stella Sykes, marned Dorsey A. Jamison, a prominent 
lawyer of St. Louis, Mo. They have one daughter, Elizabeth, who 
married CD. Smiley, ot St. Louis. 

Jesse Sykes, married, first, Jennie James, of Rutherford county. Tern. 
They had one «on, Ambrose G. Sykes, surgeon. Jesse's seccmd mar- 
riage was to Berda Cunningham. They have one daugliler, Willie. 

Bettie Martin Whitaker married the second time in 1878. Her 
second husband was the Hon. Atha Thomas, of Franklin, Tenn. Among 
oiFices of trust that he filled was that of State Treasurer of Tennessee 
for two terms. Issue: 

Atha; who died in childhood. 

Woodlif; attorney at law in Minneapolis, Minn. 

Spencer Martin; attorney at law in St. Louis, Mo. 

Mrs. Thomas enters the Daughters of the American Revolution 
through her Martin ancestor. 

We will go back one generation. Lettie L. Mosely married the 
second time Henderson Whitaker, a cousin of her first husband. Their 
children were: Rebecca, Loula, who married Dr. Crump; Gertrude, 
Larkin and B. A. Whitaker. 

Something of the Marshall and Martin lineage is made pl?in in 
Habersham Chapter Lineage book number nine. This shows the rela- 
tionship to Chief Justice John Maishall. (See "Women of the Revolu- 
tion" and Johnson's Traditions, "The Women of the Century" and 
"History of Edgefield." 

Another proof of the Revolutionary service of Matthew Martin can 
l)fc found on page 673 of the American Monthly Magazine for Septem- 
ber, 1904: "Captain Matthew Martin was born in 1763 in Virginia. Hebe- 
came a volunteer at the age of 17. He served under Generals Pick- 
ney, Sumter, Green and Colonel Clark. He was in four battles, among 
fhem Guilfoid, N. C." 

These two Martin families, the Joseph and John branches, were 
distantly related. 

When Henry Clay died we find an entry in the Diary of Dr. Samuel 
Henderson showing that his father-in-law. Captain John Hughes (1776- 
1860), whose wife was Sally Martin of the Martin-Chiles-Page line, 
learned by telegram of the death of Clay on June 29, 1852. Friendship 
between the Clay and Martin connection seems to have been cherished. 

Many members of all the Martin branches belonged to the Baptist 
church. We learn from the Habersham Chapter Book, Vol. I, thit the 
Moseleys came to America during the reign of Charles the First, in 
1649. They had grants of land on Broad creek in lower Norfolk county, 
Va. Here they built a home, wHiich they called Ralston Hall. This was 
also the name of their home in England. 

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Authorities: Johnston's Traditions, The Women of the Century, 
Mrs. Elliott's Women of the Revolution. See genealogical cdumn of 
the Atlanta Constitution for July 7, 1901. 

Edmund Pendleton Gaines 

Authorities: The Gaines family as found in "The Lookout" for 
Jan. 27, 1917, Dictionary of United States History by Jameson, and 
Old Family hecords. 

Edmund Pendleton Gatnes, son of Captain James Oaines and his 
wife, Elizabeth Slrother, was torn March 20, 1777, and died June 6, 
1849. He served during the war ol 1812, being prontoted Major-Gen- 
eral tor services in defense of Fort Erie in 1814. He was commissioner 
tu the Seminole Indians in 1816, and took command against them in 


For his victory over tha British at Fort Erie, Canada, August 15, 
1814, he was voted a sword by the Legislature of Tennessee in 1819. 
Colonel William Martin (afterwards General, of Militia), of Williamson 
cjunty, Tenn., General E. P. Gaines' kinsman and personal friend, was 
at this time a member of the Tennessee Legislature. He was also voted 
a sword by the Legislatures of New York and Virginia, and was given 
a medal by the United States Congress. 

Gen. Gaines was three times married. His first wife was Frances 
Touiman, a daughterof Henry Toulman, first Territorial Judge of the 
Alabama portiwi of the Mississippi territory. His second wife was 
Barbara Blount, a daughter of Governor William Blount of Tennessee. 
Dy this marriage he had one son, Edmund Pendleton Gaines, Jr., who died 
in Washington, D, C. His third wife was Mrs. Myra Whitney, nee Clark, 
a daughter of Daniel Clark, a native of Ireland, who came to New Or- 
leans in 1776 as Consul. The wife of Daniel Clark, mother of the wife 
ol Edmund Pendleton Gaines, was a Creole, Zumille Carrier des Gran- 

Mrs. Myia Clark Gaines was born in 1805 and died in 1885. She 
was for many years plaintiff in an extraordinary law suit to recover the 
estate of her ^ther, Daniel Clark. Her claim included much valuable 
pioperty in New Orleans, estimated at $35,000,000. She recovered a 
good deal of her claim. (For further authority, see Blount Family), 

There have been intermarriages between the Martin, the Dalton, 
the Gaines and the Hughes families of the South since the early set- 
tlement of America. In Wales the Gaines and Hughes families have a 
common ancestor in Roderick the Great. We will quote from the Ge- 
nealogy of the Gaines family, as found in "The Lookout" for Jan. 27, 
1917: "The Gaines family of Virginia and Tennessee is descended from 
the five sons of Richard Oaines, who died in Culpepper county, Va., in 
1750. This Richard was a descendan\ of the emigrant, James Gaines, 
who came to America about 1620 and who was a grandson of Sir John 
Gaines, of Newton, in the County of Brecon, Wale«. The sons of this 
Richard Gaines, of Culpepper county, Va.,^were Francis, James, William 
Henry, Thomas and John Gaines." 

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Because of tbe intiinafe relationship with the WiDitiii Henry Gaises 
branch of the family and Samuet Dalton's, of Mayo, family and the Mar- 
tins ot Stokes county, N. C, we will write more at length on this 

Among tbe descendantft of William Henry Gaines and his wife, Is- 
abella Pendleton, we find Moore, Dabney, Strother, Woodson and Rice 
intermarriages. Mrs. Susan Letitia Rice Qotworthy, of HiUman, Geor- 
gia, is a granddaughter of Letitia Dalton Moore Caines. This L.etitia 
Dalton Moore married her cousin, John Strother Gaines. She was the 
daughter of Letitia Dalton and her husband, Matthew Moore. Letitia 
Dalton was a daughter of Smuel Dalton (1680-1802), of Rockingham 
county, N. C. Two of Letitia Dalton's sisters, Mary Dalton Hushes, 
wife ot Colonel Archelaus Hughes, of Patrick county, Va., and Rachel 
DaltoD Martin, wife of CapUin (and Rev.) William Martin, who was 
born in Albemarle county, Va., later lived in Pittsylvania county, and 
who died in. Stokes county, N. C, were great-grandmothers of the 
writer of this record, Lucy Henderson Horton. 

Mts. Kiltie M. Lea, of Tampa, Florida, a descendant of Col. Jack 
Martin, ot "Rock House," Stokes county, is also a descendant of William 
Henry Gaines and Isabella Pendleton, his wife, through their son, James 
Gaines (1742-1830), and'his wife, Elizabeth Strother. Their daughter. 
Hetty Gaines, married Joseph Martin, son of Col. Jack Martin, of "Rock 

Another intermarriage between this family and the Harltn family 
was that of Susan Martin, a daughter of Captain (and Rev.) William 
Martin (1742-1807) and his wife, Rachel Dalton, a first cousin of Joseph 
Martin, of Stokes county, N.. C, who married a sister of Edmund Pen- 
dleton Gaines. She was also a Hrst cousin to Colonel Joseph Martin, 
of Henry county, Va. Susan Martin married a brother ot Samuel Moore. 
Samuel Moore's wife was Elizabeth Gaines. Hence descendants of 
these marriages are related. 

We like to weave in original manuscript when possible. The 
writer has in her possesion a good deal of the correspondence of Gen- 
erpl William Martin, of Williamson county, Tenn. He was a brother of 
Susan Martin Moore; and he was a brother of the grandmother of Lucy 
Henderson Horton, Sally Martin Hughes. Among General William Mar- 
fin's old letters are found letters written by his sister, Susan Martin 
Moore, which prove he;* to have been a cultured woman and an affec- 
tionate sister. This letter was written to General Martin just one year 
before he died. In his old age he suffered financial tosses by going 
security for his friends. She says, "It is extremely mortifying to me to 
learn that you have again been taken in by your pretended friends. I 
had hoped that your misfortunes heretofore would forever deter you 
from becoming responsible for any one except such as you might know 
to be unquestionable." She speaks of her sisters and says, "Poor sister 
Sally (Hughes)! How it pains me to know that she is suffering so 
Sreatly. Will you please tender to her my most devoted and affectionate 

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lavt, and il 1 never see h£r more in this Uife, 1 bope to med her In the 
climes of heavenly bliss." She speaks of her sisters, Poliy and Virginia. 

We have already stated that two sons of Richard Gaines, who died 
in CuJpepper county, Va., in 1790, WUiam Henry aad JaMes, married 
sisters, lsfd>dla and Mary Pendleton. Francis, son of James and Mary 
Pendleton Gaines, married Elizabeth Lewis. Their son, Thomas Lewis, 
married Lucy Patterson Henderson. Their son, John Weiley Gaines, 
£i., married Frances Maria Wair. Their son is John Wesley Gaines,) of 
Nashville, Tenn. Mr. Gaines has served as a member of the U. S- 
Congress. To thb same branch belong Mr. John Mosby, of Nashville, 
Tenn., and Mrs, Dabney Scales, of Memphis. 

In "Borloe's Landed Gentry" flie Hughes and Gaines families have 
almost identical lineage from Roderick the Qrert, King of Wales. To the 
senealogical student 4iis is tiot strange, since flie origin of most Welsh 
families lies, not in the name of the sire, but like name by which the 
brothers of the same sire are de»gnated. Thus in Lewis ap (son of) 
Cynn originated the Lewis family. In like manner the Gaines and many 
others are shown in the chart of ftie "Royal Housa of Britain." 

The early Virginia family of Gaines intermarried with the Hughef 
family of Virginia, both of Welsb ancestry; and in search for the ante- 
cedents of these two families was developed the Tact that fhey liad the 
same origin in Wales in Roderick the Gicat. 

Mrs. Harriet D. Pittman in her "Americans of Gentle Birth and Their 
Ancestors" says that the Hughes and Gaines families of Virginia are 
descendants of the house of David Gam, Prince of Wales, who ante- 
dated the christian era (see Vol. I, pages 255 and 336). Gwynned, 
Gwyn and Wynne; later Bie name was spelled Gane; then Gaines. 

We find this record: "Qv^yndie Chapel Llannwst, erected 1633 by 
Sir Richard Wynne Owen Owynned, Prince of Wales, founder of the 
liouse of Gwyder Menditb, son and heir to Evan, son to Robertson Mer- 
edith, son of Evan, hdr to David, eon of Gnfin, son of Caridock, son 
and heir to Roderick, Lord of Angtesia, son of Ow«n Owynned, Prince 
of Wales." 

Two OM Liters 

We said that we would insert one ol the old letters ol General 
John Sumner Russwurm. This letter was written to my grandfather, 
Captain John Hug^ies (tT76-1860): 

"Fredericksburg, Virginia, Nov. 29th, 1826. Caotain Hughes, Sir: 
A? I went on to Philadelphia 1 could not sell my horse at any price. I 
therefore left hhn at this place. On last nif^t I got here and this morn- 
ing I went to see my horse and found him fat; and today I sold him for 
$120 with the saddle and bridle. Tomorrow morning I take the stage 
route for Abbingdon — you see it win be imposable for me to come 
through your neighborhood. I am very anxious to return home. I 
liave not heard from there but once or twice since I left. 

"I have been to Portland and made a settlement with my uncle's 
executor, though not to my satisfactioii by any means, riOiough what 

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money I got was of great benefi: lo me, inasmuch as it enabled me to 
settle my molhef in a more comfortable situation than ttiat 1 fotind her in. 

"I am in hc^tes you had a very comfortable trip to Tennessee, and 
that you found your friends and mine in good health. I should be ver>' 
glad to hear from you and wish very much to hear from you on receipt 
of this. I shall expect you and your family in Tennessee rext faJL I 
"•m in hopes you, William and Brice made my house your home while 
you were there. Give my best re^wcts to your good lady, Mrs. Mcx;n, and 
Col. Martin. I must come to a close by saying I wish you peace, pros- 
perity and happiness. Your friend, John S. Russwurm. N. B.— i see 
from newspapers that General Houston and General While have beer 
fi(;ht>ne k Huel. I am truly glad that Houston sustained no injury. B' 
sure to write me and give me all the news. I have a bad pen. Yours, 
J. S. R." 

This letter was directed lo "Captain John Hughes, Penn's postoffice, 
Patrick county, Virginia." Eighteen and one-fourth cent postage was 
paid on the letter. 

We will copy a letter of later date written by W. B. Gordon, the 
husband oi Virginia Russwurm, who was a daughter of General John 
Sumner Russwurm. 

This letter is addressed to Gen. William Martin. Franklin. Tenn.: 

"New Orleans, February 3rd, 1842. Dear Uncle Buck: 1 wrote you 
from Austin, Texas, between the 15th and 20th of December, giving you 
the information you requested of me — but as our letter- jarr^'ing has been 
all the time imperfect, I entertain some doubts atwtit your receiving the 

"1 delivered in person your message to President Houston. He 
replied that he would be pleased to see you in Texas or anywhere else, 
that you occupied a high place in his estimation, and that he would be 
more than pleased to confer upon you any appointment in his gift, bitr that 
he has been so repeatedly called upon by citizens of U. S., and many of 
them his old and particular friends, too, that they had obliged him to 
reject the claims of all foreigners and confine himself to citizens of the 
Republic. He stated further that a great many persons had been guess- 
ing that his Cabinet would contain citizens of the U. S. and ttiat he re- 
solved to disappoint their conjectures. 

"1 advised you in my letter to abandon the idea of going toTexasv 
ard do sincerely hope you will, as you v/ould, in all probability, lose all 
you would carry with you. The aflairs of that Republic at this time 
threaten strongly its overthrow and a destruction to the dearest inter- 
est of her citizens. Mobocracy has sway over most of the country, and 
the Constitution is nicknamed. The criminal laws have ceased to be 
a terror. Murders are as common as natural deaths in Tennessee. You 
need not think this an exaggeration, for there have been more than sixty 
murders within my hearing since the first day of last October. If any 
man of your region desires to be unsafe, both in person and property. 

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send him to Texas. But very few persone in the Republic are satis- 
fied, and I believe all would leave if they could do sa 

"I expect to make my home in this city for some years. I am 
now as poor as I can ever be made. By dent of industry and manage- 
ment, I, however, hope to better my «tuation. My love to all ot the 
friends — write me. You have the best wi^es of, Your true friend, 
W. B. Gordon." 

It seems odd that one who lives in the states should be called in 
Texas a "foreigner." 

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Authorities: Burke; John Henderson, W. S., of Edinburg, Scotland, 
in his history of the Caithness branch of the family, written in 1SS4; 
Eleanor Lexington, genealogist; Orkneying, a Saga, by Dr. Anderson, 
published in 1873; CokMiial Records of North Carolina by Saunders. 
Vol. II, 1713-1728; Wheeler's History of North Carolina; William Wirt 
Henry in First Legislative Assembly in America, found In Annual Re- 
port of the American Historical Association for 1893; Manuscript writ- 
■ ten by Thomas Henderson of Mt. Penson, now in hands of Thomas Mc- 
Corry, attorney at law, Jackson, Tenn.; Diary of Judge Richard Hen- ■ 
derson, president of Transylvania Company, found in North Carcdina 
Booklet for January, 1904; papers written by Archibald Henderson, D. 
C. L., of Chapel Hill, N. C; Diary of Dr. Samuel Hendcr«>n (1804- 
1884); Colonial Families of United States of America, by George Nor- 
bury Mackenzie, Vol. IV, prges 177-180; Henderson Chronicles, by 
John N. McCue; Ancestry and Descendants of Lieutenant John Hen- 
derson 1650-1900, by Joseph Lyon Miller. Indebtedness is acknowV- 
edged to James A. Henderson and to John Wesley Oaines, M. C. 

Coat of Anna 

Gules, three piles issuing out of the sinister side argent, in i chief 
of the last, a crescent azure between ermine spots. 

Crest — ^A cubit arm ppr., the hand holding a star or, en^gned with 
a crescent azure. 

Motto: "Sola virtus nobilitat." 

Orf|^ of Henderaoos 

Burke says In 1834 that the surname Henderson is of contiderable 
antiquity in Scotland, the Hendersons having settled in the County of 
Fife, near Inver Keithing. more than four centuries ago. They came liere 
at the time of the disintegrating and scattering of the Clan Gunn in 
Caithness, when the Mackeys and other of the Celtic clans endeavored 
to bring about their extinction. While the main portion of the Ounn 
clan settled in Sutherland, some settled in Ross and some in Fifeshire. 

James, first knight of Fordell, who fell at the Battle of Flodden 
Field, September 6, 1513, descended from the "Crowner," George Qunn, 
through his seventh son, Henry. Following Scandinavian custom, Hen- 
ry'« sons became known as Henrickson Henryson, or Henderson. 

"The Gunns unquestionably descended from the Norse Vikings, 
who subdued and settled portions of Great Britain at an early date. 
The Gunns were descendants of Rognvold, Eari of Moeria, who was 
alive in 870. . . Two or three of the sons of Rognvold of Moeria were 
among the \^king8 who led forays into England and the Orkneys, 



among Ihem Toil Einer, sixth son of the Eari, and from him Gunni, or 
Cunnius, was descended, he being the first Gunn. Gunnius married a. 
granddaughter of Roland, Earl of the Orkneys and Caithness claim- 
ing through her the half of these holdings as estate. Being opposed 
in fliis claim in 1231, he killed Earl Jolin, the contestant, for which he 
was required to appear and answer at the Court of Norway, and his 
Orkney estates in consequence were taken away from him. Where- 
upon he retired to his estates in Caithness and became known as the 
great Gunn of Ulbster." 

Thomas Sinclair (England) says: "From this center the Gunns 
spread into the highland districts of Caithness, as well as along die 
eastern seashore. Clyth was their early stron|^old. They had two 
castles in this district, that of Castle Gunn, at East Clyth, and Halbury 
Castle, at Mid Clyth, traces of both being still extant." 

upon the scattering of the Clan Gunn, whicn took place soon atkr 
the death of their greatest chief, George Gunn, at the hands of die Keiths, 
about the year 1453, many of them took on new family names. Some 
of the descendants of his son William are known as Williamson, othe;s 
as Wilswi, those of Rot>ert as Robertson, and those of John, Johnson. 
Kis sons were James, Robert, John, Alexander, William, Torquil and Hen- 
ly. As we have faid before, through this youngest son, Henry, descended 
the Henderson of Caithness, Fifeshire, etc. To fortify this assertion Eng- 
land has tradition upon tradition. John Henderson, W. S., of Edinburg, 
who published a history of the Caithness branch of the family in tS84, 
isserts this idea. 

W? note the fact that some of the family have been beheaded \n 
stoutly defending the rights of man, while some have missed being hung 
for cattle "lifting," a notal>1e example of which was John Gunn. the 
original of Roderick Dhu in ScoH's "Lady of the Lake." 

Eleanor Lexington, genealogist, in the Times-Democrat, tells us 
ttiat George Henderson, ol Fordell, successor of James, who fell on Flod- 
den Field, was granted lands in the shires of Fife and Edinburg by 
Queen Mary of Scotland, and his wife was one of her maids Of honor. 

Pedigree Cul of Moeria to Henry Qnoa 

Dr. Anderson in his introduction to "Orkneying a Saga," published 
in 1873, gives a genealogical table of the Norwegian Earis of Orkney 
<l) Rognvold, Eari of Moeria, died 890. 
<2) Tori Einer, Eari of Orkney, died 910; wxth son 

(3) Thorfinn (third son), Eari of Orkney: died circa 963; mother: 
Grelanga, daughter of Duncan, Earl of Duncansby. 

(4) Holdver (fifth son), Earl of Orkney; died circa 98a 

(5) Sigurd the Stout, slain at Clontarf (014; mother's name un- 
known, daughter ot Malcolm 11, King of the Scots. (Note — In his time 
the Norse discovered America or Vineland.) 

(6> Thomfinn (fifth son), Eari of Orkney; died 1064; mother: 
In^biorg, daughter of Earl Finn Amason. 

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(7) Eriend, Eari ol Orkney, died 1098; mother: Thora, daughter 
Or Sumavlidi. 

<8) Oepakson. 

<9) Gunhold; mother, Kd (Kalison). 

(10) Rognvold (Kali Kolsoti), Eari of Orkney; died II5R; canon- 
ized 1192. 

(11) Ingigerd; mother oi Eirik Slagbrellir. 

(12) Ragnheld; mother of Liteef Skalii and Ounnis Andreson. 

(13) Snaekoll Gunnison; who lived in 1232, having fled then to Kel- 
ben Hougas (^stle, on the Island of Vigr (Weir) after slaying Earl J(din- 
son, ol Harald Maddason, the last of the Norwegian earls of Orkney. 
From the same source William the Conqueror is descended, bis an* 
cestor being Horlf, conqueror of Normandy and son of Kognvold, Fart 
of Moeria, who died 890. 

Pe<Ofrec of First Onm to Henry Ouna 

To Henry Ounn and bis sons, accoroing to Thomas Sinclair, the 
line runs thus: 

(1) Snae Koll Gunnison (the first Gunn). 

(2) Son of Snae KotI, name unknown. 

(3) James de Gunn; grandson of Snae Koll Gunnison. 

(4) Ingram de Gunn. 

(5) Sir Donald Gunn. 

(6) Sir James Ounn, of Ulbster. 

(7) George Gunn (the coroner), died 1453. The sonsofOeorge 
Gunn were: James, Robert, John, Alexander, William, Torquil and 
Henry. The children of Henry were known as Henryson, or Menrick- 
son, gradually becoming Henderson. From him the Hender<Dns of For- 
dell descend. 

We will quote from Eleanor Lexington, genealogist, in The Times- 
Democrat: "Henderson of Fordell is a term of distinction, and well 
known throughout the United Kingdom. One progenitor was Robert, 
a man of prominence in the reign of James the Third. James of For^ 
dell (1450-1513) was a great figure in the times of James the Fourth, 
Lord Justice and King's Advocate, and he received a charter under the 
great seal. Accompanying James in the unfortunate expedition into 
England both he and his eldest son lost their lives with their r'^yal 
leader at the Battle of Flodden." 

Robert Henryson, referred to by Eleanor Lexington, went down to 
conclude negotiations for the marriage of James of Scotland to Mar- 
garet, daughter of Henry VI, of England. During the festivities of this 
occasion he was styled the "Rhymer of Scotland." (See Henryson, 
Encyclopedia Brilanica). 

Robert Henryson, the Scottish poet, is spoken of in the New 
American Enclyclopedia, Vol. IX, as "Henryson of Fordell, father of 
James Henryson, who perished in the Battle of Flodden Field. His 
principal work is his collection of fables, thirteen in number, which 
was edited by Dr. Irving in 1832. Among his other writings are the 

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"Talc of Orptieos Kyng, and How He Cied to Hewyn and Bel to Seek 
His Quene," (Edinburg 1508) ; "Testament of Cresseid," a poem which 
was suggested by Chaucer's Troilus and Cressede, being also a sequel 
to that work in connection with which it often appears; "Robin and 
Makyne," printed in Percy's "Reliques," and several smaller poems 
which have been printed in different works. 

Dunbar, the darling of the Scottish muse, in his Lament, printed in 
1508, speaks of "Gude Mr. Robert Henryson" as among the departed 
poets. This man of letters was a schoolmaster at Dunfermline, Fife- 
shire, Scotland. This town is 16 miles from Edinburg and was 'he 
birthjdace of Charles the First, of England. 

We cannot pass unnoticed the name of Alexander Henderson, who 
died in Edinburg, Scotland, in 1646, and whose death wns publicly 
mourned by the nations. As a theologian, he stood second only to 
John Knox. H« wa& author of the "Solemn Leui^ue and Covenant." 
This was wider in Its scope than the "National Covenant," which af- 
fected Scotland alone, while the former affected the three Kingdoms. 
Alexander Henderson was chaplain to Charles I and mediated between 
the king and parliament. 

"George Henderson, sucessor to James of Fordell, was granted lands 
in the shires of Fife and Edinburg tiy QueeA Mary of Scotland; and his 
wife was one of her maids of honor. He, too, gave his Hfe for his 
country. His son, James, married Jean, daughter of William Murray, 
Baron of Tullibardine. James Henderson was a man of parts, and in 
great favor with James \i, who conferred, a singular favor on him in terms 
of great honor both to himself and the family. 

"James Henderson of Fordell is hereby excused from attending the 
wars all the days of his life, in consideration of the good, faithful 
services, not only by himself but also by hie predecessors of worthy 
memory in all times past without defection at any time, from the royal 
ol'edience that become good and faithful subjects. Dated at our place 
at Hotywoodhouse, February 27, in the 2l8t year of our reign." This was 
signed by the king, it was just one year after the death of his beau- 
tiful but unfortunate mother, Mary, Queen of Scots. On his mother's 
forced resignation of the crown, James had been proclaimed king of 
Scotland in 1567, when only an infant. 

On the death of Elizabeth, queen of England, in 1603, James VI of 
Scotland, succeeded to the throne under the title of James 1 of Eng- 
land. Four years later, in 1607, colonists came to Virginia from Great 
Britain and settled at Jamestown on the James river in Virginia. These men 
were loyal to their king. They named their settlement in honor of 
King James, and the noble river was also named in his honor. Among 
ti.ese colonists in 1607 was Thomas Henderson (see manuscript written by 
Thomas Henderson, of Mt. Pinson, now in hands of Thomas McCorry, 
attomey-at-law, Jackson, Tenn.) He was bom in Fifeshire, Scot- 
land. That he was a younger son of Fordell. see "Colonial Families of 
the United States of America," by George Norbury Mackenzie, Vol. IV, 

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pages 177—180, wfam his cost of sns it ftat of FofddL We Ail 
five additkxui proof of tUs fact tatcr. 

TIkmc cpk chtps of 1607. the "Soau CoBstant," "Tbe Uiacovery ' 
2nd the "The Godspeed," bora in their bosoms Euf^A, Scotch, Imh and 

The Henderaon manuscr^it, we refined to aborc, records the fact 
that Tbomat Hendersoa moved from Jamestown to Blvc Sprii^s. One 
of ttis asofta was IGchard Hendersoa, who married Poly Wadier. The 
writer, Locy Henderson Horton, is a Kncal descendant of Uu innoo 
through Samuel Henderson (1700-1783). of GranviDe coant>-. N. C PoOy 
Washer was a daughter of Ensign Waslier. They reared a faady in 
Hanover county, Virginia, consisting of <me daugliter and four sons. 
Edward, Samuel, Nathaniel and Leonard. Thdr daughter married a man 
by the name of TravilHan, who moved to Soofli CaroGna. 

With ttie first colonists to Jamestown came Ensign Washer. He 
had Iteld 0m office ol Ensign in Great Britisn. We find Washer a mem- 
ber of tfie House of Bnrgesses in the first legidativc assembly ever held 
in America. This assmbly was called by Sir George Yeardly, Governor- 
General, to meet at Jamestown, July 30, 1619. Two bnrgesses were to 
be elected from each plantation. Wilfiam Wirt Henry tells us, in a paper 
read before the National Historical Sodety in 1893, that Captain Chris- 
topher t^iwne's plantation, afterwards known as the Isle of Wight, was 
Rrpresented by Captain l^wnc and Ensign Washer. (See report of the 
American Historical Association for the year 1893, page 308, in article 
by William Wirt Henry entitled "The First Legislative Assembly in 
America." See also page 179. Orionial Families of fte United States ol 
America, by George Norbury Mackeniie. Vol. IV.) 

If one reads this article by William Wirt Henry he can see that Eng- 
tand'a nobifity was represented in this first legislative assembly in 
America, in Virginia in 1619. In the days of Cromwell there were stiD 
many royalists, and their ranks were increased by the cavafiers whc fled 
from his vengeance. Down to the days of the Revolution and afterward 
the Virginia planter and the English country gentleman were very mudi 
the same type 

"Modem Democracy saw its beginning in England in the Virginia 
Court of the London Company; in America it had its earliest practical 
demonstration at Jamestown in the Virginia House of Burgessee^ form- 
ally assembled in 1619. This first h«e pariiament, respon^ble to the win 
of the people, antedated the first British ministry responsible to the peo- 
ple by 164 years. 

"The charter secured for the Jamestown settlement in 1606 and 
1612 was the forerunner of Marston Moor in England and the Declara- 
tion of Independence in America." A notable man who figured in thi* 
legislative Assembly at Jamestown in 1619 was Captain John Martin. 

Will T. Hale tefis us in "Romance and Beginnings of Dixie" that 
"Captain Smith left Virginia in September, 1609, when Jamestown was 



an ssaemblage of fifty or sixty houses, made of wood, some of them two 
stories high. . . Had one looked on that new settlement some day in the 
si>venth year of the seventeenth century, he would have seen men going 
about their duties in Monmouth caps, Irish stockings, and coats-of-maiL 
... On their tables dishes were of wood, iron or pewter." 

It is marvelous to think of the great things in embryo in the year 
1607 at Jamestown, Virginia. Profes»or Moses Cort Tyler says "Since 
the earliest English upon these shores began to make a literature as 
soon as they arrived here, it follows that we can fix the exact date of 
the birth of American literature. It is that year 1607." Professor 
Tyler goes on to say that we claim the three writings ^f Captain John 
Smith while a colonist at Jamestown. The first of these was "The True 
Relation of Virginia," written soon after reaching Jamestown. 

Captain Smith's second writing was to the London Company in 
which he tells of the utter unsuitableness of most of those with him to 
found a colony. He complained that many of the colonists were of those 
called gentlemen — such as do not know how to work. He added "When 
you send again i entreat you rather send me but thirty carpenters, hus- 
bandmen, gardeners, fishermen, blacksmiths, masons, and diggers up of 
tree roots well provided than a thousand such as we have." Smith's 
third writing was in reference to the Chesapeake Bay, printed in 1612. 
His first writing, the general history, has preface addressed to "The 
iUustriouB and Most Noble Princess, the Lady Frances, Dutchess of Rich- 
mond and Lennox" (see article written by S. A. Link in Nashville Ban- 
ner, Nov. 17, 1906). 

Thomas Henderson, who came from fHfeshire, Scotland, in 1607, to 
Jamestown, Virginia, the old manuscipt of the Henderson's tellii us, "was 
the father of numerous children." While his son. Richard Henderson, 
who manied Polly Washer, lived in Hanover county, Va., some of the 
family drifted west and lived Albemarle, Augusta and Orange counties 
cf the same state. Samuel, son of Richard Henderson and Potly Wash- 
er, moved with his family to Granville county, N. C, and was the ances- 
tor of the family of which we write at length. 

John N. McCue in his Henderson Chronicles, published in I9\i, 
gives us a roster of the descendants of Alexander Henderson of FordeD, 
County Fife, Scotland, three of whose sons immigrated to the American 
colonies prior to 1740, settling first near Alexandria, Va.; later some 
settied in Augusta county. 

Dr. Joseph Lyon Miller, of Thomas^ West Virginia, wrote "The 
Ancestry and Descendants of Lieutenant John Henderson (1KSO-1900), 
Carrying out the Augusta county line. It is interesting to note the sim- 
ilarity of Henderson names of Fordell Manor, Fifeshire, Scotland, and 
the names of the descendants of Thomas Henderson, who came to 
Jamestown, Va., in 1607, and of the lines given by John N. McCue and 
Joseidi Lyon Miller. 

Thomas Hendereon, who came to Jamestown in 1607, was a lineal 
descendant of Sr James Henderson, of Fordell, who fell on Flodden 


Field. This James Henderson was Lord Chief Justice to James IV of 

We find a descendant of Thomas Henderson living in North Caro- 
hna in 1717, Thomas Pollock by name. By consulting Colonial Rec- 
ords by Saunders, Vol. II, 1713-1728, we find the record of a letter "sent 
of a kinsman of Captain Hendeison, Thomas Pollock, to Sir R(ri>ert 
Pollock," dated April 3, 1717, in North Carolina, in which he speaks 
of owning property in Glascow. He also asks about relatives by the 
name of Hamilton, and in closing gives us some idea of the irregularity 
of letter carrying in those days. He says "Please direct your letter to 
me in North Carolina to the care of Mr. William Willistead, merchant 
in Boston in New England." 

John, James and Samuel Henderson, who settled in Augusta county, 
Va., about 1740, were sons of William Henderson and Margaret Bruce, 
and grandsons of John Henderson, Gent, of Fifeshire, Scotland. 

"John Henderson was an Ensign in the Augusta militia in the French 
and Indian war and in 1758 received fourteen killings pay. His will 
was recorded in Augusta county in 1766. 

"Samuel Henderson was also in tiie Augusta militia in 1758, and 
received a like amonnt of pay. His will is recorded in that county in 

This man was great-grandfather of Mrs. Jane Henderson Duke 
(Mrs. Walter O.), of Richmond, Va. He had son John bom in 1775. 
He had a son Joseph bom in Orange county, Va., Sept. 16, 1832. Jos- 
eph's first wife was Mary Ellis; his second wife was Hannah Terrell, 
of Orange county, Va. They had seven children, two sons, Joseph and 
John, are living (1904) in Greenbrier county, West Virginia. Three 
of their daughters live in Richmond, Va.: Mrs. Wright, Mrs. Ware and 
Mrs: Duke. Mrs. Moncure lives in Lovisa county. 

Hon. John Wesley Gaines, who descends from the Hendersons of 
this section, has furnished us many official records^ proving service in 
Colonial wars. These we will give later. 

On page \5 of Henderson Chronicle, by McCue, it can be seen that 
Elizabeth Henderson married Benjamin Stuart, son of Archibald Stuart 
and Janet Brown. Benjamin Stuart was great uncle of Archibald Stuart, 
who was Secretary of the Interior in President Taylor's cabinet. He 
was also a great, great uncle of J. E. B. Stuart, of Civil war fame, and 
great, great, great uncle of Hon. Henry Carter Stuart, Oovemor of the 
Commonwealth of Vir^nia in 1915. 

The writer of this record has an old letter written in 1829 by 
Archibald Stuart, father of General J. E. B. Stuart. This letter was 
written to the writer's grandfather. Captain John Hughes. She also 
has an old letter proving that the Henry, Carter Stuart branch is re- 
lated to our Hughes family through the Hanbys. (See copes of these 
letters under "Hughes"). We simply) mention these facts to show ttiat 
old Virginia families were related. Indeed, It is often asserted that all 
old Virginia families intermarried. 

The John N. McCue book gives a galaxy of brilliant names found 

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among the Virginia Henderson connection. On page 14 we find the 
name of the brilliant humorist, "Mark Twain." He was bom in Mis- 
souri, where descendants of Samuel Henderson (1700-1783), of Gran- 
ville county, N. C, settled. Among them the name ol Senator John 
B. Henderson, author of the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States 
Constitution, that of freeing the negroes. Senator Henderson later 
made his home in Washington City. "Boundary Castle" is his home 
there. Samuel Henderson, gr&ndfather of the writer, went to Missouri 
to live irt 1808. It wag then called Louisiana Territory. He settled on 
land which has been incorporated in the city of St. Louis. 

On page M of McCue's book we see that Alexander Henderson 
(t777-1859) married Margaret Hart, of Kentucky. His second wife 
was Elizabeth Morrison. Of this last union comes Mrs. Amelia Beard, 
wife of Chief Justice W. D. Beard of the Supreme Court uf Tennessee. 
In this same line is given the name of William Jennings Bryan. 

Mrs. Amelia Henderson Beard, wife of Judge W. D. Beard, was a 
daughter of Robert M. Henderson, bom Oct. 6, 1813; married Morrison. 
Robert Henderson ww a son of Alexander Henderson, who moved from 
Virginia to Kentucky, and married, first, Margaret Hart; second, Eliza- 
beth Morrison. He was the son of Alexander Henderson, born in Vir- 
ginia in 1755. It is interesting to note that Mrs. Amelia Henderson 
Beard brought about in Tennessee the federation of woman's clubs. 

The McCue book states the fact that three brothers settled near 
Georgetown, Virginia, about 1740, but later moved elsewhere. Dr. J. 
P. Henderson, of Chicago, Illinob, descends from one of these brothers. 
He is a grandson of John Grant Henderson, bom May 4, 1793, The 
sisters and brothers of John Grant Henderson were Nancy, born Nov. 
8, 1782; Alexander, born July 20, 1785; Samuel, bom June 25, 1788; 
Elizabeth, bom May 9, 1793. 

Susanna Hart, of this same family, married Isaas Shdby. Nathaniel 
Thomas and David Hart were associated with the Transylvania Com- 
pany, of which Judge Richard Henderson was president. Judge Hen- 
derson was a son of Samuel Henderson (1700-1783), of Granville coun- 
ty, N. C, and grandson of Richard Hendereon and Polly Washer. 

Hon Carter Harrison, once mayor of Chicago, was of the David 
Hart line, as was also Lieut. Governor Archibald Dixon, senator, and 
anthor of the Kansas-Nebraska bill. 

Bennett Henderson, eon of John Henderson and his wife, Frances 
Moore, was born Sept. 28, 1750; died Jan. 18. 1829. He married Eliz- 
abeth, daughter D>f Col. Charles Lewis, of Buck Island, and his wife, Mary 
Randolph, who was a daughter of Isbam Randolph and aster of Mrs. 
Peter Jefferson, mother of Thomas Jefferson. Bennett Henderson was a 
member of Lieut. George Celmore's company, which marched to Williams- 
burg, May 2, 1775, to demand satisfaction of Lord Dunmore for the re- 
moval of Powder. He was Magistrate of Albermarle county in 1783. The 
town of Milton was built on his land. 

General Bennett Henderson Young of Louisville, Ky., a veteran of 
the Civil war, was a grandson of this man. He was commander of the 

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Confederate veterans when the first reunion of the Blue and Grey was 
held. This reunion of the veterans, both of North and South, was held 
in Franklin, Tenn., in the fall of 19)4. His patriotic utterances on this 
Qccaeton no doubt went a long way toward unifying North and South 
and fitting them for the gigantic struggle upon which they were about 
to enter — the Worid war. 

General Young, in his addreu at Arlington during the Confederate 
reunion in June of 1917, turned to President Wilson, who was on the 
platiorm, and told him that, if need be, call for a draft of men between 
70 and 80 and that he would get "some really great soldiers," soldiers 
who had already demonstrated on the Geld of blood "that the Anglo- 
Saxon, in defense of his principles, is without fear." He added, "Please, 
Mr. President, tell the Kaiser that we will be there and that when peace 
is dictated with the sword at the gates of Berlin, the American men who 
love liberty and democracy more than thev love life will be there under 
the Stars and Stripes, contending t)o4 for land, not for money, but for 
human liberty and for the destruction of the most baneful government 
the world has ever seen." Genera] Young was twice ConimanderHn- 
Chief of the United Confederate veteranei He, with the help of S. A. 
Cunningham, acquired the ground for the magnittcent monument to 
Jefferson Davis, leader of the Southern Confederacy. This monument 
is a tribute of the Smith to her beloved leader, and is built near Fairview, 
Kentucky, where Jefferson Davis was bom June 3, 1808. This monument 
will tower above all others except the Washington monument. It is to 
be an Egyptian obelisk. 

General Young is a many sided man. While eminently success- 
ful in his profession, that of law, he sometimes writes, tor the blind, 
stories about birds and nature in a way that makes these things seem 
very real to them. Gen. Young reads them himself to the blind of Louis- 

When the first reunion of the Blue and Grey was held in Franklin, 
Tenn., brought about by the efforts of the U. D. C. Chapter No. 14 and 
the local bivouac, the badge worn by all these veterans was beautiful. 
On a large button was a figure of a veteran in grey and one in blue, 
clasping hands. 

We will quote again from the McCue book: "Captain Wm. Hender- 
son, with his brother, John, marched to Williamsburg July II, 1775, un- 
der George Gilmer. Later he was commissioned captain in the 9th Va. 
"John Henderson, born before 1757 in Albemare county, Va.; died 1790 
in Albemaile county. He married Frances Moore, daughter of John 
Moore and his wife, who was a daughter of Matthew Jowett. (Note: 
She was a French Huguenot.) John Moore was a brother of William 
Moore, some of whose business papers the writer has. They were 
sons of Bernard Moore. He was High Sheriff from 1757 to 1780; and 
Magistrate in 1783. Henderson was a private in 1775 under Charles 
Lewis." On pages 18 and 19 of the same book we, see Hiat the Mis- 
souri family, children of Daniel Henderson and his wife, Martha Steele, 
were prominently connected with U. S. Senators, Governors, a Minister 

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t<^ France,meinberofCongreS5,Secretaryof dielnterioT, and members ot 
the Supreme court of North Carolina, etc. The North Carolina Hendersons 
descended from Samud Henderson <1700-1783), of QranviUe c<.tinty, 
N, C, who was born m Hanover county, Va., and of the third generation 
in America. The Kentucky, Virginia and Missouri Hendersons were one 
and the seme family. They, having been in America, at least the 
Thomas Henderson branch, since the English settlement at Jamestown, 
Va., in 1607, have been scattered over the South, principally in North 
Carolina. Virfnnia, Kentucky, Missouri and Tennessee. One branch of 
the family drifted to Alabama, Governor Chrrles Henderson, of that 
Sl?te, t>eing a representative of this branch. He is a lineal descendant 
of Samuel Henderson (1700-1783), of GranviUle county N. C. 

Judge Richard Henderson, president of the Transylv-nia Company, 
which made a treaty and purchase from the Indians of Kentucky and 
Tennessee as far south as the Cumberiand River in 1775, with his two 
brothers, Samuel and Nathaniel, were the first of the Henderson name to 
go to Kentucky (see Dairj* of Judge Richard Henderson as found in 
North Carolina Booklet for January, 1904). Later his kinsmen from 
Virginia and North Carolina followed htm to Kentucky. The Hender- 
sons intermarried with the Kavanaughs of Kentucky. On pages 24 and 
25 it can be seen that James P. Henderson, son of Bennett Henderson 
and his wile, Elizabeth Lewis, who died in 1835, married Margaret C, 
daughter of Richard Pollard and his wife, Pauline Rives, and grand- 
daughter of Robert Rives and Margaret Cabell, his wife, Margaret 
Cabell was a daughter of Col. Wm. Cabell and his wile. Margaret Jordan. 

William C. Rives, brother of Pauline Rives, did service as U. S. Sen- 
ator and as Minister to France: Mrs. N.E.Baskett, of Lexington, Missouri, 
is descended from a kindred branch. 

We wish we could trace the lineage of Miss Augusta Brandford, of 
Knoxville, Tenn., whose grandfather, Judge Henderson, was a 
noted lawyer. 

Judge lH.H.Meek8 

Judge M. H. Meeks. of Nashville, Tern., is a son ot John Henderson 
Meeks, whose Maternal grandfather was John Henderson, a captain in the 
Revolutionary war. The U. S. Government has placed a slab to mark 
his grave in McNairy county, Tenn., near Selmer. Judge Meeks' grand- 
TOOther was Elizabeth, daughter of Capt. John Henderson. 

Captain Henderson was a man of wealth and had great family pride. 
He was positive in his convictions and would uphold them even at the 
fear of personal strife. He was an intimate friend of Oen. Andrew 
Jackson, and sometimes entertained him at his home. 
Descent of John Wedey Gaines. M. C. of Nashville. Tenn.: 

John Wesley Gaines is «on of Dr. John Wesley Gaines and his wife. 
Martha Frances Wair, who were married March 28, 1R53. in Davidson 
county, Tenn., where his wife was horn in 1834. He was a son of 
Thomas L. Gaines and his wife. Lucy Henderson. 

Lucy Henderson was a daughter of John Henderson, Jr., ^1 Albe* 


niarle, county, Va., and his wife, Frances Moore. This is proved by Ibe 
wiy of her tather and mother. Her mother's will is recorded in War- 
ren county, Ky., in 1818. in this will "my daughter, Lucy, wife of 
Thomas L. Oaines," is spoken of. We have the verified copy of her 
father's will, made earlier. 

John Henderson, Jr., of Albemrrle county, Va., was a son of John 
Henderson, Sr., of Albemarle county, Va. 

Mr. John W. Moseby, of Nashville. Tenn., is grandson of Thi^mas 
L. Gaines and his wife, Lucy Henderson, through their daughter, Sarah 
Elizabeth, wife of William T. Moseby. Mrs. Susan Pow^ Scales is a 
gtanddaughter through their daughter, Malvina H. Winchester. 

John Henderson, Sr., of Albemarle county, Va., owned land in that 
county in 1749. (See Woods.) 
Qwidron of John Henderson, St., and hii wife . : 


Ik'nnett; married Elizabeth Lewis. 

William; married Rebecca Hudson. 

Elizabeth H.: married David Crawford. 

Susan H.: married John Clark, 

Mary H. Bullock. 

Hannah H. BuUock. 

Frances H.; married John Thomas. 

in Wood's History of Albemarle county Va., we are told that this 
Bennett Henderson was "the second son of John Henderson, Sr., and 
died comparatively young. Within the next fifteea years his widow 
and aU of her children had moved to Kentucky," to Warren county. 

Children of John Henderson, Jr., of Albemarle county, Va^ and his wife, 

Frances Moore, as shown in the will which was proved t790: 




Mary; married Lewis. 

Frances; married Hines. ' 

Sarah; married Clark. 

Elizabeth; married Martin. 


Lucy; married Thomas L. Qatnes. 

The wifl of John Henderson is recorded in Albemarie county, Va. 
II beate the date of January 16,1790. 

The will of Frances Henderson, wife of John Henderson, mentions 
her daughter, Lncy Gaines, wife of Thomas L. Oeines, (see Wood's His- 
tory, 277-280). Witnesses to the will were Micajah Qark, Bennett M. 
Clark and Sarah C. Hines, who proved this will recorded in 1818 in War- 
ren county, Ky,, where they resided. 

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ChUdren of Bennett Henderstm and his wife, Elizabeth Lewis, daughter 
of Col. Charles Lewis, Jr.: 

John; married Anna B. Hudson. 


Sarah H.; married John Kerr. 




Bennett; nanied Polly Crockett He was grandfaflier of General 
Bennett Henderson Young. 


Eliza H.; married John H. HuUock. 

Frances H.; married TlKHnas Hornby, 

Lucy H.; married John Wood. 

Nancy R; married Alattbew Nelson. 

(See Wood's History of Albemarle county, Va.) 

Hie pension file (pension department) of Richard Oalnes, of Albe- 
marle county, shows that be served under Ciq>t Bennett Henderson in 
the Revolutionary war. 

Some known descendants of John Henderson, Jr., through his son, 
Bennett Henderson, are General Bennett Henderson Young, Chief Jus- 
tice Robertson; Governor and Justice Clarke, of Kentucky; Prof. A. B. 
Martin, of Lebanon, Tennessee; the two John Bullock Clarkes, memtwrs 
of Congress from Missouri; John Wesley Gaines, member of Congress 
from Tennessee; Mr. John W. Moseby, of Nashville, Tennessee; and Mrs. 
Susan (Powell) Scales, of Memidits, Tenn. 

The Hendersons of Hanover county, Va., later of Granville county, 
N. C and o( Albemarle, Orange and Augusta counties, Va., members 
of which drifted to Tennessee, Kentucky and oth« SouOiem states, are 
aU related. 

Pleasant Henderson, bom 1756 in Hanover county, Va. (brother of 
Judge IQchard Henderson), enKsted In IT75 in the Revolutionary war; 
was later Major; Clerk of tiie Superior Court of Orange county in 1782; 
resident of Boonsboro, Ky., and moved to Tennessee in IS3I; was then 
pensioned and died Dec. 10, IS42, in Carroll county, Tenn. Nathaniel 
Henderson, brother of the Colonial Judge Richard Henderson, was irith 
him at the founding of Boonsboro, Ky. (see Dairy of Richard Henderson). 
He fought against the IntUans at Boonsboro in the Revtdutionary war. 
Some of his descendants drifted to Tennessee, Some of them are Judge 
Jcriin H. Henderson, Dr. Samuel Henderson and Mrs. Lucy Henderson 
Horton of Franklin, Tenn. William (brother of the Colonial Judge 
Ifichard Henderson) has among living descendants in Tennessee, 
Mrs. ]. H. Krkland, of Vanderbilt Univernty at NashviUe. Much can 
be seen of service In the Revolution of many Mlosbys of Virsjma, among 

iz=..,Coog[c . 


them General Littleberry Mosby, who was a brother-in-law of Col. Robert 
Hughes, in McAlister's Vir^nia Militia. 

CMIdreii of TboniBs L. Oafaies and His Wife, Lucy Heodereon 

Lucy Ann Gaines. 

Pauline Frances Temple. 

Mary Isabella. 

Thomas Pendleton. 

Sara G. Mosby. \ 

Frank Asbury. 

Martha Susan G. Petway. 

Rebecca Hudson. 

Malvina Henderson Winchester. 

John W. 

Thomas L. Gaines was living in Kentucky in 1818, but in 1836 
moved to Nashville, Tenn., and died there in 1858. His wife died in 1854. 
He was enumerated in Todd county, Ky., census of 1830 and in the Nash- 
ville census of 1840. 

Proof of the Revirintlonary Service of John Henderson, of Albemarle 
County, \nrglnlB, and of Others of the Family Connection 

Under Captain Charles Lewis, John Henderson and sixteen others, an 
"Independent Company," marched to Williamsburg, Virginia, May 2, 1775, 
to demand satisfaction from Lord Dunmore for removing powder to hi^ 
ship (SeeLossingand Woods, supra). Other men of this family connection 
wfioservedin the Independent Company were William Henderson, Robert 
Hudson Martin, Micajah Chiles, John Martin, Sergeant and Corporal 
Thomas Martin and John Bennett. 

That John Henderson was a captain of Vlr^nia is proved by 
records, viz; "1776-1779 — John Bradshaw (his declaration, 1833) Au- 
gusta county, Va., volunteer, 1776, private to 1779 in Capt. John Hen- 
derson's company." (See Abstract of Augusta county Records, page 
491.) 1780 — "Captain John Henderson's company was in service at 
Cabin Point," etc. (see McAlister's, pages 14 and 15). 

John Wesley Oalnes 
"John Wesley Gaines, son of Dr. John Wesley Gaines and his wife, 
Maria Wair, was bom in Davidson county, Tenn,, August 24, 1861; 
graduated at the University of Nashville; at Vanderbilt University he 
took the degree M. D. in 1882; but instead of practicing medicine he 
turned his attention to law, becoming a member of the Nashville bar in 
1^4; was pre»dential elector on the Cleveland ticket in 1892; in 1896 
wrs elected to the fifty-flflh Congress of U. S. and was a member of 
Congress from 1897 to 1909. During his term in Congress he was 
active in Democratic leadership. He was the first to propose by reso- 
lution a new plan, or line, of procedure to secure reforms in the Reid- 
Cannon rules, by appealing direct to the voters, by a {dank in the Nation- 
al Democratic platform, which was done at Denver in 1908, a Dem- 



ocratic House being the result of this plank and campaign. He was 
first to suggest and was active in the passage of the Federal law against 
ilie issuance of free passes (Amendment to Hepburn Act). He began the 
movement to secure legal proceedings against the tobacco trust, upon the 
refusal of the Attorney-General to proceed against the trust without 
evidence of guilt, he proceeded to collect evidence, and appointed an 
"Evidence Committee," which committee devised and organized the 
Dark Tobacco Grower's Association of Tennessee, Kentucky and 
Virginia. He made sn active fight to maintain the circulation of "Clean 
Money," and was otherwise active while a member of Congress. (See 
Page 419, Who's Who in Tennessee, Paul and Douglass Co.) 

Since hb retirement from Congress, he has been engaged in the 
practice of law in Nashville. Here he takes an active interest in pro- 
moting the care of the Hermitage, home of Andrew Jackson. 

On February 17, 1686, Mr. Gaines was married to Louise Lytle 
Cole, daughter of CfA. Edward Cole, a prominent capitalist of Nashville, 
Tenn. Their son, an only child, John Wesley Gaines, Jr., served with 
ctedit in the World war. 

Henderson of Pordell 

We do not consider »mple statement of the fact that Thomas Hen- 
derson, who came to Jamestown, Virginia, in 1607, and others of the line 
who come to America later, were of the Fordell line sufficient proof that 
this is true. 

In an old book printed in London in 1707 and owned by Dr. Joseph 
Lyon Miller, of Thomas, W. Va., is written in quaint, faded characters 
the following family record: 

"Wm. Henderson, Gent, and Margt. Bruce, mard. Feb. 7, 1705. 
John, son to Wm., born'd Febrv. 9, 1706. James, son to Wm, born'd Janry. 
17, 1708, dyed Sept. 1719. Sam'l, son to Wm., bom'd November 28, 

"Grandsons of John Henderson, Gent., of Fifeshire, Scotland: Wm. 
Henderson, dyed Augt. 1, 1736, aet. 61; born'd April 30, 1676. Margt. 
Henderson, dyed December 15, 1739; born'd March 1, 1680. Aet 59. 
Jean Henderson Stuart, dyed in child-bed, March 1739. Aet 19. John 
Henderson, dyed May I, 1776, Aet 60. Sam'l Henderson, dyed Janry. 19, 
1782. Tais record set down from the memory of Jas. Henderson, now 
aet. 75." 

And on the next page is this record: 
O "Jas. Henderson and Martha Hamilton mar*d June 23, 1738. Martha 
Henderson, dau. to Audley Harrison Hamilton, Gent., and Qeanor Adams, 
his wife. Jas. Henderson's living children: David, Wm., John, Jas., 
Sarah, Jos., Jean, Sam'l.; Archibald and l^largt. passed away." On the 
fly-leaf is written "Jas. Henderson, His book, Vir^nia, 1740." 

We are further indebted to Joseph Lyon Miller, M. D., of Thomas, 
W. Va., for tracing connection with Fordell. He says the record men- 
tions "John Henderson, Gent., of Fifeshire, Scotland." 

Jud^nng from the birth of \^Uiam Henderson, Gentleman, in 1676, 

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bis father, John Henderson, was probably bom about 1650. He was a 
son of one of tbe four younger sons of Sir John Henderson, owner of 
Fordell during the rdgn of Giaries 1. According to Burke, & joiin had a 
distinguished command In the anny of King Charles and was a lineal 
descendant of James Henderson, first Knight of Fordell. 

Dr. Joseph Lyon Miller says, "An old family record, carrying the 
family back across the ocean to 1676, shows the connection with the 
Fifeshire, Sco4land, Hendersons. A letter written from London in 1772 
to my gt. gt. gt. grandfather, Lieut. James Henderson, of Augusta Co., 
Va., speaks quite freely of the Earl of Orkney, Lord Basil Hamilton, the 
Duke of Hamilton, and other rdations of my gt. gt. gt. grandmother, 
Eleanor Hamilton Henderson, and so establishes our HamUton kinship." 
He says that this letter was recently discovered among other family 

It is not surprising that children of younger sons of this family con- 
nection should have come to Virginia when we remember that in 1704 
the Earl of Orkney was appointed Governor of Virginia. He was 
Governor for forty years, and drew two-thirds of thv salary, 1,200 
pounds, he received, while 800 pounds went to the Lieut. Governor. 
Vet he himself never viated the province. Alexander Spottswood was 
one of his Lieutenant Governors <see page 179, The Colonial Era, by 
George Park Fisher). Eleanor Lexington says "Famiy characteristics 
are hatred of effeminacy and scorn of cowardness and physical pain." 

Another thread of connection of the Virginia Hendersons with tbe 
Fordell of Fifeshire, Scotland, line is found in the fact that Dr. Joseph 
Lyon Miller has an old family paper in which all money is reckoned in 
L. S. D., thus giving some idea of the date of the paper. On the back 
of this paper is a crudely drawn shield, bearing devices that have been 
irdentified as indentical with those of the Hendersons of FordeB. It 
also bears the Fordell motto: "Sola Virtus Nobilitat." Dr. Miller also 
has an old gold faced watch on the casing of which is the Forddl coat 
of arms. He also has old letters showing Hamilton connection in Scot- 

We win here give Joseph Lyon Miller's line of descent: Joseph 
Lyon Miller is the son of Henderson Miller, a son of Sarah Henderson 
Milter. She was a daughter of Colonel John Henderson of the 106th 
Virginia regiment War of 1812. He was a member of the Virginia Legis- 
lature, 1809-1820, with the exception of 18)5 and 18)6. He was a son 
of Lieut. John Henderson, of the Battle of Pt. Pleasant, 1774, and of 
Morgan's riflemen in the Revolution. Lieut. John Henderson was a 
brothernn^aw of General Andrew Lewis, etc. He was a son of Lieut. 
James Henderson of the French and Indian war, who was a son of 
"William Henderson, Gent.," and Margaret Bruce, who were, according 
to ttie old record, married February 7, 1705. 

"Wifliam Henderson, Gentleman," was son of John Henderson, 

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CenOeman, o! Hfeshire, Scotland, Fordell Manor. He \ras one of tbc 
younger sons of FordelL" 

Main Line ol Forddl 

As a ^niilanty of given names between the main line, FordeD, and 
llie Virginia and North Carolina Hendersons may be of interest, we wiU 
quote from Burke t!ie generations torn 1625 to 1S50. It was in 1^5 
that Charles I succeeded James I (VI of Scotland) to the throne of Eng- 
land. "Sir John Henderson married Margaret Montetth, heiress of Ran- 
deford, by whom he had five sons and five daughters, and was succeeded 
by his eldest son, JcAm Henderson, Esq., who was created a baronet of 
Nova Scotia |u1^' 15, 1664. Sir John married and had hews." His wife 
was Margaift, daughter of Sir John Hamilton, of Obieston, Lord Chief 
Justice Clark, by whom he had two sons and two daugtiters. 

The record says further: "Sir John Henderson died in 1683 ar.J 
was succeeded by his second and only surviving son. Sir William Hen- 
derson,' who married Miss Hamilton, a daughter of Sir John Hamilton 
o* Mountain Hall, by whom he had four sons and a daughter. He died 
in 1709 and was succeeded by his eldest son. Sir John, who married 
Christian, daughter of Sir Rnbert Anatruther Bart, of BalkRskie, by 
whom he had three sons and five daughters. He was succeeded by his 
second and eldest surviving son, Sr Robert, <!ied Oct., 1781. Married 
Oct. 3, 1748. Isabella, daughter of Oeorge McKenzie. Esq., of Femle, 
b;' whom he had Issue John, his successor, and Sir Robert Bruce 
<Henderwn), present baronet (1834)." 

Sir Bruce died childless and the estate descended to his first cous- 
in, George Mercer, who assumed the name of Mercer Henderson. In 
1858 he married Alice, a jjrranddaughter of the fourth Eart of Roseberry. 
Georgena Wilhelmena, Countess of Buckenhamshire, is his aster's 
child. They are late reprffientatives of the Hendersons of Fifeshire, 
Scotland. (See Burke's Landed Gentry.) 

To prove connection between the Augusta county, Virginia, Hen- 
dersons and the Henderson branch which camtf to Tennessee, we will 
copy an old letter written Dec. 1, 1756, bv lohn Andrew Henderson of 
Augusta county, Virginia. This man waB thel grei.t, great grandfather 
cf Mrs. C. A. Mee. wife of the mayor of Geveland, Tenn., and was read 
at the meeting of the Ocoee Chapter, D. A. R., in January, at which 
Mrs. O. A. KnoK was hostess: 

"Augusta, county. Va., Dec. 1. 1756. Dear John: I have wanted to 
write you for some time to say that I am gmng to get married, but von 
know there is no good opportunity for sending letters your way. You 
know the lady (for we have talked about her charms before. I refer 
to Mss Mary Russell) to me the toveliest and most adorable of her 
sex. We expect to be married on Christmas day, and the neighborhood 
wilt be there. I think Miss Anne 0. (Oivens) win be there, and this 
will bring you, rain or shine, no difference wfiat. We will stay at my 
or her father's until the weather opens in the ^ring; then we may take 
uplands on the Hoteton; but they say Injuns' are worse there than in 

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the Greenbrier, and T don't want to take any chances on Mary's siltcy 
hair adorning any head but her oWn. Father w41l give us 100 acres if 
we stay here. This is what he gave to brother James. Tell Unde 
James, Aunt Martha and the rest of the boys that they must all come 
to the wedding, too. i We are going to have plenty to eat and drink, 
and we are going to dance until we wear our shoes out. There is no 
news here, but lots oi sickness, for we all have colds. All the news 
is that I am going to g(.t married, and don't you forget it. Jack. Give 
m>( best regards to my uncle and aunt and to the rest of the family. 
Your friend and cousin, J. Andrew Henderson." 

We see that Andrew Henderson did come to Holston to live, as 
did his kirtsman of the Samuel Henderson of Granville county, N. C, 


Three ships went to Virginia in 1607. the "Susan Constant," 'The 
Gcodspedd," and "The Discovery". Drayton, poet laureate, later wrote 
a poem to these men who went to Jamestown, Va., in 1607, beginning: 

"You brave, heroic minds, 
Worthy your country's name. 
That honor still pursue. 
Go and subdue. 
Whilst loitering hinds 
Lurk here at home with shame." etc. 

Quaint stanzas, these of the poet laureate. 

The iJit first built at Jamestown was triangular-shaped with 
demilune at each angle, mounting a cannon. They called it Fort James, 
but soon the settlement was called Jamestown. For a church they nail- 
ed a board between two trees and stretched an awning over it. Rev- 
erend Robert Hunt read the Episcopal service and preached twice every 
Sunday (see Old Virginia and Her Neighbors, by Fiske). 

We have proven elsewhere that Thomas Henderson came from 
Scotland to Virginia in 1607, settling first at Jamestown and later at 
Blue Springs. We have also proven that he was of the Fordell branch 
of Fifeshire, Scotland. 

Dr. Joseph Lyon Miller, who descends from the Hendeison of Au- 
gusta county, Va., of the same family, that of Fordell, has an old heir- 
loom, an old gold-faced watch, bearing the Fordell crest. He has also 
old letters which prove unmiBtakably ihe relationshi|j to Eleanor Ham- 
ilton Henderson. In this way he has rroof of descent from the Earl of 

Some of the Hendersons, first of Jamestown, Va., later of Hanover 
county, Va., of the same stale, drif*''d to Albemarle, Augusta and Or- 
ange counties, Va. Here they were joined by kinsmen, who came from 
Fifeshire, Scotland, "prior to 1740. and settled first near Alexandria, 
Virginia," but later moved to counHes mentioned above. The relation- 
ship of these Jamestown Hendersons and those of Albemarle, Orange and 

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Augusta counties was testified to by Governor and U. S. Senator James 
P. Henderson of Texas. (See dtary of Judge John Hughes Henderson 
now in possesion of his son. Captain Thomas P. Henderson, of Frank- 
lin, Tenn). 

The migrations of people in the early days largely followed water 
courses and valleys between mountains; they moved by ways of least 
resistance. People from Augusta county, Va., came to East Tennessee 
to live, among them Rev. Gideon Blackburn, who was born in Augusta 
county, Va., August 27, 1772. When a young boy he came with his 
parents to Washington county, Tenn., then to North Carolina, and we 
are told in "The History of the New Providence Church," by Will A. 
McTeir, that Blackburn studied theology under Dr. Henderson, near Dan- 
dridge. This may be seen on page 36. Dr. Henderson, referred to, 
was a kinsman both of the Augusta county Hendersons and of the 
Hanover, Va., later Granville, N. C, Henderson. 

James P. Henderson 

James P. Henderson was born in 1808 and died in 1858. He was 
the first Governor of Texas (1846-'47). He was U. S. Senator in 
1857 (see Vol. II, The New People's Enclyclopedia of Universal Knowl- 
edge). On pages 24 and 25 of book compiled by John N. McCue en- 
titled "A Roster of the Descendants of Alexander Henderson of Fordell 
County, Fife, Scotland, three of whose sons immigrated to the American 
colonies prior to 1740, and settled near Alexandria, Virginia," we can see 
that James P. Henderson was a son of Bennett Henderson and Elizabeth 
Lewie. Elizabeth l.ewis Hendeisun died in 1835. 

James P. Henderson married Margaret C, daughter of Richard 
Pollard and Nis wife, Pauline Rives, and granddaughter of Robert Rives 
and his wife, Margaret Cabell (daughter of Col. Wm. Cabel! and Mar- 
garet Jordan). William C. Rives, brother of Pauline Rives, did service 
U S. Senator and Minister to France. The writer notices similarity of 
names in the Thomas Henderson of Jamestown branch, some ofwhom 
/ater settled in Hanover county, Va., and still later in Granville county, N. 
C, also in Kentucky, Tennessee, Missouri and Alabama with the Albe- 
marle, Augusta and Orange county families. She also notices similarity 
of names, throu^^ wills, of negroes belonging to these several branches. 

Both families intermarried with the Martins and Bullocks of Albe- 
nmrle county, Va. 

Henderson Oenealt^ 

(Generation I in America) 

Thomas Henderson came from Fifeshire, Scotland, in 1607, to 
Jamestown, Va. He later settled at Blue Springs. Some yeare later 
another branch of the same family, which had intermarried with the 
Hamilton, Bruce and Stuart families in Scotland, came to Virginia. 

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Member^ ot these two bnuUes later drifted to Albemaile and Orange 
Counties, Vir^nia. , 

OcnenUon H in AoHrica 

Tboniae Henderson was the father of numerous children, among 
them Richard Hendersoa, who married Polly Washer. They reared a 
family in Hanover county, Va., consisting of one dauGfiter and four 
sons: Edward, Samud, Nathaniel and Leonard. Their daughter mar- 
ried a Mr. TraviUian, who moved to South Carolina. 
OeMntkm m la America 

Samuel Henderson (1700-1783), stm of Richard and Polly Warter 
Henderson, was bom in Hanover county, Va., in 1700. There he was 
Hig^ Sheriff for aome years. He married Elizabeth Williams, daughter 
of John Williams, of Hanover county, in 1732, she being then eighteen 
years of age. This Samuel Henderson moved with his family to what 
is now Gnuivitle county, N. C, in 1740, and settled on Nutt Bush creek 
His family intermarried with the Martins and Hunters of this section. 
Enfield was their seat of justice (see North Carolina Booklet for Jan- 
uary, 190*; also Wheeler's History ot North Carolina). Samuel Hender- 
son (1700-1783) was High Sheriff of Granville county. 

Qizabeth Williams' father was John Williams, who was bom in 
Camavon, Walei^ in 1679. He immigrated to Hanover county, Va. His 
wife's name was Mary. Their children were: 


John; married Frances Bustin. 



Williams; married a Mr. Graves. 

Children of John Wifliams and his wife, Frances Bustin: 

Mary Ann. 

Elizabeth; married Shadrack IHewellen. 
, There were other children, among them Sallie and twin asters, 
Lucy and Rebecca. 

tt^Uams Coat of Anns 

Williams (Penryn Co., camar von, bart) Ou. a chevron, helween 
three saracen heads aflrontee, couped at the shoulders ppr. 

Crest — A saracen's Jiead as in arms. Motto: "Heb ddun heb 
ddym dduwadygan." (71 different families). 

Thus we see that Samuel Henderson, son of Richard Ifenderson and 
his wife, Polly Washer, and grandson of Thomas Henderson, who came 
to Jamestown in 1607, was of generation III in America (see pages 177- 
180 of Colonial Families of the United States of America, VoL IV, by 

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George Norbury Mackenzie. This carries tlie famiOy back to Pifeshirc, 

Scotland, and shows that they bore the Fordell coat of arms. " 

CbBOrcn of Samud Hendenon (1700-1783) and His Wile, 

BHzabeth mniMns. 


Judge Richard Henderaon; premdent of the Transylvania Cwmpaiiy. 





John. I 





Note: I draw upon a paper written by Thomas Henderson of Mt. 
Pinson, Tennessee in 1834. He descended from Thomas fienderson of 
this generation. This paper is now in the hands of Thomas McCorry, 
altorney-at-law, Jackson, Tenn., son of Judge ffenry W. McCorry. 

Oeneratioii IV lii America 

Mary, daughter of Samuel Henderson and his wife, Elizabeth 
Williams, was bom iii Hanover county, Va., Jan. 10, 1734. She mar- 
ried Jacob MitchdI. Her children were: 







Mra. Ruth M. HaUe. 

Mrs. Elizabeth M. Bean. 

Mrs. Jelico M. Nott. 

Mrs. Susan M. Dyer. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel Henderson (1700-1783) f nd his wife. 
Elizabeth Williams, was bom in Hanover county!, Va., Feb. 19, 1738. 
She married John Beckham. They moved to Powlet, S. C. Children: 




Henrietta (and several others, names unknown). 

Ann, dau^ler of Samuel Henderson (1700-1783) and his vrife. 
Elizabeth Williams, was bom in Hanover county in 1739. She married 
her cou»n, Daniel Williams, of Granville county, N. C, afterwards mov- 
ing to South Carolina. Their children were: Sfmuel, Daniel, Joseph, 
Richard, William. Davis, Betsy, Nancy, Nuttie, Polly Washer. 

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Ann Henderson WillianiB died in 1831, ninety-three years and six 
months old. 

Susan, daughter of Srmuel Henderson (1700-1783) and his wife, 
Elizabeth Williams, was born in Granville county, N. C, April 23, 1743. 
She married R. Learcy. Children: Aso, Bennett, Thomas, Robert, Wil- 
liam, Henrietta, Polly, married and lived in Kentucky; Betsy L. White. 

John, Son of Samuel Henderson (1700-1783) and his wife, Eliz.- 
beth Williams, was born in Granville county, N. C, Oct. 24, 1774. He 
married the widow of Solomon Alston, of Granville, county. His chil- 
dren were: William, Joseph, Betsy H. Fernandes, Sally H. Haile, 

John; died aged eighty-four. Joseph, his son, was the father of 
Mrs. Walter Q. Duke — Jane Henderson Duke — of Richmond, Va., al30 
of Mrs. Wright, and of Mrs. Ware. 

Samuel, son ol Samuel Henderson (1700-1783) and his wife, Eliz- 
abeth Williams, was bom February 6, 1746, in Granville county. He 
was married in Boonsboro, Ky„ in June, 1776, to Elizabeth Calloway, 
daughter of Col. Richard Calloway, Just two weeks after ^e had been 
captured by the Indians. Their child, Fanny, born in June, 1777, was the 
first white child born in Kentucliy. Samuel Henderson died at Win- 
chester, Tenn., aged 80 yeais. His children were: Fanny H. Gillespie, 
Richard, Pleasant, Alfred, Susan R, Bet^y H., SaHy H., Dascia H. Estil. 

Thomas, son of Samuel Henderson (1700-1783) and his wife, Eliza- 
beth Williams, was born March 19, 1752, in Granville county, N. C. 
In 1778 he married Jane Martin, nster of Governor Alexander Martin 
of N. C, and of Col. James Martin of Snow Creek, N. C. Robert Mar- 
tin, Thomas and Samuel Martin. Children: Alexander, Samuel, born 
March 25, 1787; Polly H. Lacey. Jane H. Kendrick, Nathaniel, Fanny 
H. Springs, Thomas, died November, 1831; aged' seventy years. 

Mrs. Louisa Brodnax, of New York, descends from Thomas Hen- 
derson. Miss Mary Louise Dalton, of St. Louis, Mo., who served a 
term as D. A. R. State Historian and in whose honor a U. D. C. chapter 
at Wintzvi'lle was named, also descends fi^om Thomas Henderaon through 
his son Alexander, who married Mary Wallace. Alexander Henderson 
and hisf wife, Mary Wallace, were parents of Jane Martin Henderson, 
who married Dr. Robert Hunter Dalton about 1832. R. R Dalton was 
the grandfather of Mary Louise Dalton. who was the Librarian of the 
Missouri Historical Society. Mrs, Louisa Brodnax, of New York, and 
her son lost their money by unfortunate investments on Wall Street, and 
after thi^ she became genealogist. She was sent by families in New 
York to England to make research in the archives there. She was a 
brilliant and most lovely woman. She died in London at St. Bartholo- 
men's Hospital, Dec. 6, 1911. 

We are indebted to Dr. Robert Hunter Dalton for valuable manu- 
iscripts, which are recorded in this book under fte head of "Dalton." 

The children of Alexander Henderson and his wife, Mary Wallace, 
were: Hamilton, David, George, Thomas and Wallace Gaston. Their 
daughters were: Mary Wade, married Dr. John L Chalmers; Fanny, 
married Judge J. W. Chalmers; Sarah, married Mr. Calloway, of North 

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Carolina; Jane, married Dr. Robert Hainter Dslton; EHzabelh, married 
Cyrus King; Louisa, married Archibald Glenn, of New Orleans, and 
Kate, married Dr. J. C. Wimbish, of Texas. 

In regard to Thomas Henderson, son of Thomas and jane Martin 
Henderson, we win copy from paper written toy Harry McCorry Hen- 
derson, who was born in 1848, 

Thomas Henderson, who was bom in Rockingham county, N. C, 
moved to Raleigh, where he published the first paper in North Carolina, 
"The Raleigh Star." He married Ann Fenner. the daughter of a cele- 
brated doctor. Her brother, Dr. Erasmus Fenner, was a celebrated phy- 
sician and surgeon of New Orleans, where he died about 1870. His 
DiHy son. Judge Charles Fenner. is now pradkmg law there. He waB 
commander of the famous Washington Artillery during the War be- 
tween the States, and has been Chief Justice of the Louisiana Supreme 
Court ever since. Her other brother, Dr, Robert Fenner, was a cele- 
brated physician of Jackson, Tenn. None of his children survive. 

Thomas Henderson and his wife moved to West Tennessee and 
settled on the noted Indian Moimd, Mt. Pinson, in what is now Hender- 
son county, which was named for him. He was a prominent figure in 
the early? days of West Tennessee. His children were: Richard, who 
was a giaduate of West Point and was killed in Florida at the Dade 
massacre durinQ the Seminole war; Calvin, who had no children sur- 
viving him. William Fenner was born in Raleigh, N, C, and reared at 
Mt. Pinson, Tenn. He moved to Texas in 1836; fought Indians in the 
eariy days; surveyed land and afterwards practiced law. He kept up 
his law practice until after the Civil war, after which he never practiced 
again, as he said he would never address negroes as "Gentlemen of 
the Jurv." He died at Corsicana, Texas, in 1890 at 73 years of age. 

William F. Henderson married Mary McCorry, of Jackson, Tenn., 
by whom he had two children, Harry McCorry, who was bom in Corsi- 
cana, Texas, Sept. 13, 1848, and is said to have been the first white 
child horn in that county: and Corinne Henderson, who lives in Jack- 
son, Tenn. William F. Henderson, after the death of his first wife, 
Mary, married again. By his second wife, Louisa Edwards, of Lafayette, 
Christian county, Ky., he had a son, Calvin, and a daughter, Jennie, 
who live in Ft. Worth. Texas (1919), 

The other children of Col. Thomas Henderson, of Mt. Pinson, were; 
Thomas, who was a wholesale merchant in New Orieana before the 
Civil war. When the war broke out he organized the~ Henderson Scouts, 
and was wounded at the Battle of Shiloh. His scouts made such a fine 
reputation as fighters that the company of which his brother, Samuel, 
was First Lieutenant, was divided. He was made Chief of Scouts tw 
General Forrest, while Sam was Chief of Scouts for Joseph E. Johnston. 

Captain Tom married three times, leaving one daughter, Susan, by 
his second marriage. She married William Butler, of Jackson. Tenn, 
By his last marriage Captain Tom left two sons, Thomas and William, 
both of whom live in Memphis, Tenn. After the Civil war. Thomas and 
Samuel Hendeison formed the cotton commission and brokerage firm, 

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which did a large business until 1873 when it failed during the great 
panic of that year. Samuel, whose hiatory: 'n related above, died in New 
Orleans, leaving a large family. One of his sons, Samuel, is a lawyer 
and in partnership with Judge Charles Fenner and his son, under the 
name of Fenner, Henderson & Fenner. 

Alexander Henderson served in the army during the Mexican war, 
.being wounded in that struggle. He was a lawyer and died at Se- 
guine, Texas. He left two sons, Nathaniel, a lawyer and surveyor, at 
Wichita Falls, Texas; and Alexander, who lives on his farm near Aus- 
tin, Texas. He also left three daughters, Corinne, Burch and Maria 
ffathaniel, who was a stockman in Texas and a sugar farmer in Louis- 
iana, lefl children. I do not know how many survive him. 

Corinne Henderson married Judge Henry McCorry of Jackooti, Tenn. 
They had two sons, Thomas, who was killed during the Civil war; and 
Henry, who was a prominent lawyer of Jackson and died there, leaving 
a large family. She also left two daughters: Mary, who married Judge 
Freeman and is now a widow with two children; and Corinne, who 
never married. 

Harry MicCorry Henderson's children are: William Fenner, who 
lives somewhere in Washington State; Mary, Florence, Louisa, Edith, 
who lives at Port Laraca, Texas; Corinne, Frankie, deceased; Harry 
McCorry Henderson, who is at present (1920) In the marine corps, 
stationed at Ft. Lyon, Coto.; Thomas Richard Henderson, Hariingen, 
Texas; and Rosser, who Is in the Second Divi»on, San Antonio, Texas. 

Harry McCorry Henderson died August 2, 1910. 

The children of Calvin Henderson of Ft. Worth, Texas, are: Harry 
McCorry, who was a Major in the 36th Division during the late World 
war, and lived in Ft, Worth; Jessie, who married Robert Dow, of Cals- 
bad, N. M; and Kathleen, who lives in Ft. Worth; and one other 

We will give a copy of Thomas Richard Henderson's Diviwonal 
Record, which shows where he was in the army during the Worid war: 
He was in the Third Division, Third Stationary Train; was stationed 
at Brohl, Germany, August 3, 1919; his number, 1,193,617; Sergeant; 
joined regiment Nov. 16, 1917; 0. 0., 76, H. S. D., landed in Europe 
April 28, 1918. 

Service in Europe — Training Period: Chateam Viilair, Miiy 18. 
1918, to May 30, 1918, served in Mame defensive from 15th July to July 
18, 1918; served in Meuse Argonne offensive from Oct. 4 to Oct. 31, 
1918; Aisne defensive June 1-5, 1918; was in Army of Occupation De- 
cember 1, 1918 to Aug. 3, 1919; no citations; no wounds; was never in 
hospital; attended no special schools; grades held: Private, Corporal, 
Sergeant; Particular Duties in Organization, Personal Sergeant. Served 
in Meuse-Argonne and St Mihiel offenses. 

Signed: Lteut. Colonel, Aeruedgley, Medical Corps, U. S. A. 
Comdg. Third Sanitary Train. 

Pleasant Henderson, son of Samuel Henderson (1700-1783) and 
his wife, Elizabeth Williams, was bom in Oranville county, N. C, June 

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9, 1750; married Sarah Martin, daugtrier of Col. James Martin, of Snow 
Creek, North Carolina, in 1780. He was a member of the North Carolina 
Society of Cincinnati {see Volume III, American Historical Magatine). 
Children: James M., bom 1787; William, born 1789; Mlaurice, born 
1791; Tippo L., bom 1798; Mark, born 1795; Pleasant, bom 1802; 
Alexander, bom 18(77; Elizabeth Jane, bom 1798. 

William, son of Samuel Henderson (1700-1783) and his wife, 
Elizabeth WiHianis, was bom in Granville county, N. C, Mi^rch 5, 1748; 
married the widow Nelson oi Nelson's Ferry, on Sante Lo. C; died 
in 1787. William Henderson shared the restless spirit of the day, and 
in early life .went to South Carolina to Tive, where he had rdatives by 
the name of Travyllian. He served during the Revolutionary war from 
this state, being in several battles, among them that of Eutaw Springs. 
Later in life he removed with his family to Tennessee, settling near 
1>andridge. Children ; 

(1) Betsy H. Taylor, who moved to Attekapas. She was living 
in 1834. 

(2) Ethelred Henderson, who moved to an adjoining county, 
Granger, in 1834. 

(3) John Henderson, who lived near Dandridge, Tenn. 
There were other children whose names we do not know. 
Ethelred ^Henderson, son of William Henderson (bom 1748), son 

of Smuel Henderson (1700-1783) and his wife, Elizabeth Williams, was 
born in Jefferson county, Tena, but on reaching manhood moved to 
Granger, an adjoining county. Here his son, William Albert Hender- 
son, was born in 1814, Here also his grandson, the Honorable William 
A. Henderson, was born in 1839. 

Honorable wnHam A. Henderson 

William Henderson was bom in Granger county, Tenn., in 1839, 
but after the death of his father, Wm. Albert Henderson, his mother car- 
ried her two children. Mary and William, to Knoxville to live. Granger 
county adjoins Jefferson. &e birthplace of this man's kinsman. Senator 
John B. Henderson, of Missouri and Washington. D. C. Indeed de- 
scendants of Samuel Henderpnr Ci7nO-1783) of Granville county, N. 
C, came westward and settled in Greene, Jefferson, Granger and 
Knox counties, Tenn. 

Wm. Henderson attended and graduated from the Uniersity of 
Tennessee, and while assiduously pursuing his study of law, at the 
same time carried on the duties of teacher. He entered the firm of 
William Cocke, an uncle of Mrs. Overton Lea. member of the noted 
Virginia and Tennessee family of this name. The firm then became 
Cocke and Henderson. Henderson was a famous jury lawyer and 
became council for the East Tenn., Va. & Ga. railroad. On the orgar^ 
ization of the Southern, Henderson went to Washington in 1895 as 

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Cieneral Council of that system. He tried to retire when he was 70 
years old, but was impelled to take the position ol General S<riicitor 
ot the Road, which position he filled until his death Jn 1921. 

Henderson has written and lectured much on historical subjects, 
and has brought light to musty records from almost forgotten archives. 
Besides this, Ramsey, the historian, turned over his material to him. 

He has filled many positions of honor. He was vice-president of 
Tennessee Historical Society; trustee of University of Tennessee; vice- 
president of Board of Centennial Exposition, etc. 

After the fall of Fort Sumpter he Joined the Confederate States 
army and served vnih distinction until the close of the war between 
the States. 

To wide and accurate knowledge of law he added shrewd judg- 
ment of men, a general sunny disposition, an agreeable, rippling humor 
and keen wit, to whkh he added a fund of anecdotes always apt. In 
anecdote he even surpassed Tennessee's great master in that line, Hon. 
Eb James, of Chattanooga, in aptness and brevity. He sometimes 
electrified the bar of Tennessee at bar associations with a humorous 
address — something rich, rare and racy." 

Hon. Wm. A. Henderson died in July, 1921, and is buried in Knox- 
viUe, Tenn. 

Ks wife, Harriet Elizabeth Smiley, was born and reared in Spring- 
field, Vermont. Of this union were bom two children: Mrs. Mary Hen- 
derson iCirkland, wife of J. H. Kirkland, ChanceUor of Vandertilt Uni- 
versity) at Nashville, Tenn.; and Mrs. Anne Henderson McDanie), wife 
of Mr. Sanders McDaniel, of Atlanta, Ga. And they have one daughter 

Mary Henderson KtaUaiid. 

Mary Henderson, a daughter of Hon. Wm. Henderson and his 
wife, Elizabeth Smiley, was born at Knoxville, Tenn. She is the wife 
of Dr. James H. Kirkland, Chancellor of Vanderbilt University, Nash- 
ville, Tenn. She is a woman of culture and grace, and proved herself 
a most capable war worker during the great Worid war when, as 
president of the Tennessee Society of the Colonial Dames of America, 
by her example and under her direction, much valuable war work was 
done to aid the Allies. She was president of Colonial Dames of Ten- 
nessee more than five years, retiring in May, 1920. On her retirement 
from office the Nashville Tennessean speaks of the "extraordinary 
service which Mrs. Kirkland has given as war president." Indeed her 
services have been given special mention by the National Society 
Colonial Dames of America. On her retirement from office Mrs, Bruce 
Douglas proposed resolutions which received the hearty endorsement 
and.approval of the members. This was in appreciation of the invalu- 
able services of Mrs. Kirkland during the five years she was preadent. 


BBNDBR&)1( m 

This deserved special notice in the history of the Tennessee C<donial 
Dames: "Be It resolved that this OTganization owes to its retiring war 
president, Mrs. J. H. Ktrkland, the heartiest thanks for her unseKish 
service during the stirring years just passed. It is due to her untiring 
energy in organization and to her zeal that the war records of the Co- 
lunial Dames are one which all may point to with pride, Firstjn every 
patriotic undertaking she impressed the board and members of the 
organization with a deep sense of their responsibility by her personal 
supervision and the. inspiration of her presence. She saw that each 
otHigaton assumed was creditably discharged. Be it further resolved 
that this motion be ^read upon flie society's war records." 

We will give extracts from the Report of Chairman of War Work 
ol Colonial Dames resident in Tennessee, Mrs. C. B. Wallace; 

"To relate our War activities throughout the state would require 
essentially a history of all the War relief societies in the State, for the 
Dames have been engaged in every enterprise organized by the Gov- 
ernment in its conduct of the war. 

"W« are particularly proud of our Red Cross War Work, for in 
this field we are pioneers in Tennessee. To us belongs the honor of 
the first organized Red Cross Auxiliary in the State. In a commodious 
building loaned by the husband of one of our state officers this work 
was begun on the day following that fateful one which saw the Presi- ■ 
dent asking Congress for a declaration of war .... 

"The special work of our National Society has been loyally recog- 
nized by a contribution of Sl,200.00"to the Hospital Ship provided by 
the society. 

"In each Liberty Loan drive our members took active part, buying 
and selling bonds in public and in private. In this wry we have bought 
and sold Liberty Bonds to the amount of $900,000.00 and our purchases 
and sales in' Thrift Stamps have amounted to $63,350.00. It must be 
remembered that this report represents only one third of our member- 
ship (many failed to report and quite a number of those reporting failed 
to state the amount of their purchases). In the Woman's Registration 
for War Service, and in the sales of Thrift Stamps and War Certifi- 
cates, in house-to-house canvasses for War activities, in the drives for 
Red Cross, Y. JH. C. A., Y. W. C. A. and Belgian, French and Armenian 
Relief, in campaigns for Books for Soldiers, Linen for Red Cross, War 
Salvage, and in Canteen and Miotor Car Service our members have taken 
active and efficient part, both as individuals and officers. 

"Our president has set us an inspiring example leading in every 
form of War work with notable zeal and self-sacrifice. She has served 
efficiently in the following organizations: Chairman for Nashville for 
War Savings and Thrift Stamps, Director of Nashville War Salvage 
Association, Assistant Chairman of Liberty Loan, Director of Women's 
Organizations in campaign for books tor soldiers. Director of Emer- 

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gtncy Hospital for Vanderbilt Univeraity, and member of Tennessee 
Budget Committee. In all of these organizations our membership ha& 
been actively employed." 

After reporting the making of Hospital garments and of much 
knitting being done by the Colonial dames, the Chairman of War work 
adds: "We are proud and grateful to be able to record from our mem- 
bership of 159, 45 sons of Colonial Dames have been in service. Six 
of these valient sons have made the supreme sacrifice," etc. 

Mrs. Kirkland invested in Liberty Loan bonds and personally sold 
$75,000.00 worth. She worked on hos|utal garments. She canvassed 
for the fatherless children of France. 

In the early years of Mtts. Overton's administration as Pretident of 
Colonial Dames resident in Tennessee Mrs. Kirkland took an active 
part in establishing our mountain work at "LeamonI," in Van Buren 
county. During Mrs. Kirkland's administration, tablets were placed to 
mark the site of the Colonial Fort Louden and Fori Assumption. She 
was elected honorary president for life of Colonial Dames resident in 
Tennessee in May, I92Z 

James Henderson 

John Henderson, son of William, son of Samuel (1700-1783), was the 
faflier of James Henderson, who was the father of Senator John B. Hen- 
derson, of Missouri, later of Washington, D. C. 

James Henderson was born about 1800 at Dandridge, Jefferson 
county, Tenn. At about 21 years of age he went to North Carolina and 
Virginia to visit relatives. In Pittsylvania county, Virginia, he was mar- 
ried and here later his son. Senator John B. Henderson, was born. 

Senator Henderson saysi "My father had numerous brothers and 
siters; among these brothers were John, Thomas J. and Samuel; and 
sibters, Anne and Fanny, and others. Some of the descendants of Fanny 
Henderson are now (1899) living in Marietta, Georgia, named Lewis." 

Senator John B. Henderson 

John B. Henderson was bom in Pittsylvania county, Va., near Dan- 
ville, in 1826. 

"His father took him to Lincoln county, Missouri, when he was a 
very small boy, and he was but ten years old when both his parents 
died, leaving a small estate with which to educate their children. Such 
ic the childhood history of John B. Henderson. He was a sturdy boy, 
vigorous, physically, and endowed with a strong and inquisitive under- 
standing. He managed to secure an excellent education, for his was a 
mind that would not be denied. To him books were not mere printed 
pages — they were tools to be employed to fashion his mind and con- 
science for a useful and enviable portion in society. Like so many other 
eminent American citizens, he taught school and studied law Hie while. At 

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the age of twenty-two he was admitted to Pike county bar, and then 
his fortune was made." 

I am copying from a sketch of John B. Henderson, by Savoyard, 
published in the Nashville Banner, April 28, 1905: 

"A sketch of this man would be valueless without a glance at po- 
litical conditions in the border states in 1861. He was Southern born, 
Southern reared, and Southern in thought and prejudice. But he loved 
the Union with all the devotion of a loyal heart, and his clear mind saw 
nothing but calamity for the American people in its destruction, and there- 
fore he was a Southern Union man and opposed secession with all the 
energies of his nature, mental, mora] and physical. 

"No one not on the ground can understand the embarrassments and 
dangers that the Union men, and Southern men, too, endured in the 
slates of Missouri and Kentucky. 

"In time John B. Henderson became not only a successful lawyer 
and a skillful practitioner but a profund and eminent Jurist. He pleaded 
before Chase and Waite and Fuller. 

"Mr. Henderson was elected to the Legislature from Pike county in 
1848, when he was a very young man, only twenty-two. In 1860, he 
was a delegate to the Charleston convention, where he supported Doug- 
las. Upon his defeat for Congress in Aug. I860, Mr. Henderson became 
a candidate for elector on the Douglas ticket, to be voted for in Novem- 
ber, and his speeches in that behalf were execeptionally strong pleas as 
against the radicalism of the hour. 

"And now a time came when Henderson and every one else were 
diawn in to the vortex of politics. Upon the election of Lincoln, South 
Carolina seceded. Secession meant war. He was chosen a member 
of the convention that was called to take action upon the question of 
secession, some time known as the 'Lonir Parliament' of Missouri. In 
that convention he was a leader and a conservative. He was a South- 
ern man, a Democrat, and slave-holder. His father was a Ten- 
nessean, his mother, a Virginian, himself a Missourian, but his mind was 
ever eminently judicial, and he could see nothing but ruin for the weaker 
side in a war such as that which was impending. And so, like John G. 
Cariisle, a much younger man in the Kentucky legislature, he opposed 
secession with all the force of his character and all the' logic of his 
mind. It was such men as Henderson and Carlisle who saved to the 
Union Missouri and Kentucky. 

"When the war of minds gave place to the war of swords, Carlisle 
remained a war Democrat, but Henderson joined the Republican party 
and was appointed Brigadier General in the state militia. It was the 
great war Senate of which he was a member. 

"He took his seat in the U. S. Senate, Jan. 29, 1862, when less 
than thirty-six years of age. His committee assignments show the 
esteem in which they held him: Finance, Foreign Relations, the very 
' aristocracy of the Senate. Here he sat in council with Fessenden and 

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Sherman, devising ways and means, here he consorted with Sumner 
and King to steer the craft of state clear of foreign shoals. 

"Mr. Henfterson was a slave-bollder, but like thousands and thou- 
sands of other Southern men, immense numbers of them in the Confed- 
erate army, he would have welcomed gradual emancipation as a solution 
and as settlement of the slavery question. With Lincoln he believed 
that sudden emancipation would work injuriously to both races; but to 
show how little masters of situations are even the strongest men in 
times of revolution, Mr. Henderson was later author of the thirteenth 
amendment to the Federal Constitution, which abolished slavery and 
atwiisbed it instantly. The sword, however, had made the longer 
continuance of the institution impracticable. 

"As early as 1863 M^. Lincoln foreseeing the inevitable end of the 
war.'Set about the work of reconstruction. (Thadeus Stephens advo- 
cated a bill confiscating the property of every disloyal man in the 
seceded states and distributing the proceeds among the negro slaves. 
Congress was with him as to the suspension of the constitution and 
passed a bill embodying that idea in 1864 which Mi. Lincoln killed by 
a "pocket veto"). The Lincoln plan is described by John B. Henderson: 

"The duty of Congress is not to destroy the State or to dedare 
it a suicide and proceed to administer on its effects. On the contrary, 
the duty clearly is to preserve the State to restore it to its old repub- 
lican forms. Its duty is not to territorialize the State and proceed fo 
govern it as a conquered colony. The duty is not one of demolition, 
but one of restoration. It is not to make constitution, but to guarantee 
tliat the old constitution ore one equally republican in form and made by 
the loyal citizens of the State, shall be upheld and sustained. If the ma- 
jarity of the people of a State conspire to subvert its republican forms, 
the majority may be, and should be put down by the Federal power, 
while the minority, however few, sustaining republican forms, may bt 
constitutionally installed as the political power of the State.' 

"It is possible, barely possible, that, had Lincoln lived his plan 
would have prevailed, and the country would have escaped its most 
doleful and most infamous chapter — the carpet bag regime. Henderson, 
Trumbull, Doolittle, Foster and other Republican senators were in 
accord with Mr, Lincoln, but the assassination of the President devolved 
the responsibility upon another, the radicals triumphed and the rest is 
history. Mr. Henderson was one of the famous seven Republican sen- 
ators who voted 'not guilty' upon the impeachment charges of President 
Johnson. Associated with him were Fessenden, Trumbull, Grimes. 
Rosa, Fowler, Van Winkle. JcAnson's trial be*ore the Senate in 1868 
resulted in his accquittal. as the President's enemies mustered one less 
than the neccessary two-thirds vote. 

"In 1872 he accepted the Republican nomination for Governor, but 
was defeated by Silas Woodson, his Democratic competitor." 

We have been quoting from the "Savoyard's" sketch of this man. 

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But, since we are writing family history, we pause to say that Silas 
Woodson was related to the writer through her grandfather. Captain 
John Hughes (I776-I8e0.) 

About 1890 Mr. Henderson moved with his family to the National 
CairitoL Here "he was an ornament to its best society and one of the 
most respected men of die nation. His home in Washington was on 
Corner Sixteenth Street and Florida Avenue. When bis new home was 
being built the following description of it appeared in a Washington 

"Washington is to have a new architectural thrill in the 'palazzo' the 
s[riendid Venetian Gothic palace ex^Senator John B. Henderson is build- 
ing here on the very highest point of Sixteenth St., from which one 
£ets a view of the entire city. There will be nothing like it in Amerka. 
The first story will be entirely of pure white Vermont marble, the upper 
part of white marble stucco, with many balconies and with polished 
marble columns supporting the arches of the windows. The rooms in 
this second story will open on a loggia — an aitractive feature for Wash- 
ington where strong sunshine and bright skies make a diraate much 
like that of central Italy," 

When McKjnIey was elected to his second term as President, a 
leading editorial in Harper's Weekly suggested to Mr. McKinley in the 
formation of his cabinet to "put in strong men like John B. Henderson," 

This man leaves a son. John B. Henderson of "Glenwald," Ballaton, 

Miss Augusta Bradford, of Chattanooga, wliose father served on 
the bench, is a great-granddaughter of Andrew Henderson, of Dan- 
dridge, Tenn., from 180IV26 a faithful elder here in the Presbyteriaa 

Nathaniel, son of Samuel Henderson (1700-1783) and his wife, 
Elizabeth Williams, was born in Hanover county, Va., Dec t, 1736. 
He was quite a small child when his father moved to GranvHIe county, 
N. C. He married. Erst, the widow of Sugan Jones, of Warren, an ad- 
joining county to Granville, by whom he had one son. Nathaniel. He 

was married a second time to a widow. ■ Morgan, by whom he 

had two children, Samuel and Elizabeth Young. Col. Richard Hender- 
son, his brother, president of Transylvania Company, says in his famous 
journal kept while on his way to, and while at Boonsboro, Kentucky: 
"Sunday. 7th (May, 1775) Went into woods with my brothers, Nathan- 
iel and Samuel and Captain Boone, after a horse left out on Saturday 
night," etc In this same loumal Richard Henderson writes: 'Thurs- 
day, 27th (April, 1775) Employed in clearing fort lot, and Mr. Lut- 
trell, Nathaniel Henderson and Samuel Henderson all assisted me." It 
IS interesting to note that Kentucky made for her State Building st 

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the Jamestown Exposition a reprodnctioii of this Boonsboro fort 
From Wheeler's htstoi? of North Carolina we leani that Nathanid 
Hendenon, at the time of hu deaOi. was a member of the Tenoessee 
legislature. He had moved to Hawkiiis conoty, Tenn. He was ap- 
pointed Justice of the Peace for Hawkins county. Feb. 28, 1794, by 
Gov. William Blount. His son, Samuel, had a land waTTant in Haw 
kins for Revolutionary war service. He is said to have been a man of 
good mind and great t>enevolence of heart. In his ::ddres8 was <Ss- 
posed to be sarcastic, though not with view of giving offense. 

Nathaniel Henderson was interested in the Cumberland settle- 
ment. His name is signed to "The Cumbertand Compacf issued at 
Nashboro, 13th May, 1780 (see page 1S7 Andrew Jackson and Early 
Tennessee Histori- by S. G- HeiskelO. The author of thb "Cumbertand 
Compact" was his brother, Judge Richard Henderson (see pages 
178-9, Andrew Jackson and Early Tennessee History by S. a Heis- 

Alexander Martin, twice Governor of North Carolina, received a 
military grant of several thousand acres of land in what is now Wil- 
liamson county, Tenn. Martin died a bachelor and in his will gave 
a small part of this land to Nathaniel Henderson. This can be seen 
hy referring to the old records at the Court House in Franklin. All 
that is now owned of this land by the fomily is a little burying plot 
where rest the bodies of his son, Samuel Henderson (1759-1828), and 
his wife, Lucy Ryckman Henderson. These two graves are marked 
by little, old-^shioned stones such as were so much used in the early 
years of our republic. On one grave ts the inscription — "Samuel Hen- 
derson. Bom Nov. 29, 1759. Died Dec. 5, 1828." On the other stone is 
Mie inscription — "Lucy Henderson. Born Nov. 15, 1765. Died July 
14, I8«". 

CMIdren of NiOtanlel Henderson 

Nathaniel, (1756-1803). 

Samuel, (1759-1828). 

Elizabeth H Young. 

Nathaniel (son of Nathaniel Henderson, who was born in Han- 
over county. Va., Dec. I, 1736, and died 1789); was born in Granville 
county, N. C, in 1756. He was twice married, and both times he m:r- 
ncd widows. His first wife was the widow of Sugan Jones, of Warren 
county. This county adjoins Granville county, N. C, the home of the 
Hendersons. Nathaniel II was the only child of this first wife, who 
lived to majority. 

After reaching manhood, he felt the lure of South Carolina as had 
relatives previously mentioned in this book. Two of his father's sis- 
ters, after marriage, had moved to South Carolina to live. His aunt, 
Elizabeth, who had married John Beckham, lived at Powlet, S. C, 

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and his father's sister Ann, born 1739, who married her cousin, Daniel 
Williams, had also moved ta South Carolina to live. She died at the 
advanced age ol ninety-three years. It is interesting to note the fact 
that one of her daughters was named "Polly Washer" Williams. Thus 
was handed down the name of a lineal ancestor, Polly Washer Hen- 
derson, who was a daughter of Ensign Washer, who served in the 
first legislative assembly ever held in America, that which met at 
Jamestown, Virginia, in 1619. Ensign Washer represented Captain 
Lawne'6 Plantation, afterward known as Isle of Wight Plantation. 

Another daughter of Ann Henderson Williams was named "Nutty" 
in memory of the creek, "Nut Bush Creek," on which Samuel Hendei^ 
son (I70O-1783) had first settled in Granville county, N. C. (see orig- 
inal manuscript written by Thomas Henderson, of Mt. Penson, now 
in the hands of Thomas McCorry, attorney-at-law, Jackson, Tenn). 

We see this strong local attachment manifested in the name of 
one of the children of Nathaniel's younger brother, Samuel Henderson 
(1759-1828). This Samuel named one of his daughters "Levisa," in 
honor of the noble river on which Boonsboro, Ky., was founded. Ken- 
tucky river was first called "Levisa" river (see McAffee ftlfiS). 

This last mentioned Nathaniel Henderson died in Edgefield, S. C, 
in 1803. He was great-great-grandfather of Governor (Hiarles Hen- 
derson, of Alabama, and of Mrs. H. M. Weedon (Julia Henderson 
Weedon) of Troy, Ala., and of Mrs. Ella Henderson Brock. Dr. H. M, 
Weedon volunteered his services to his country during the great 
World war, and served thoughout the war as Major in a Medical corps. 

ChUdren of Nathanld Henderson (1756-1803) 

(His will was probated in Edgefield, S. C, in 1803_ In this will 
he speaks of his sons and daughters). 

Children: Richard, Thomas, William, Mary, Martha, Nathaniel. 
This last, Nathaniel Henderson, was born in Edgefield, S. C, but moved 
to Clark county, Ala., and died there In 1821. 

Children of Nathaniel Henderson, who died in 1821 

Children: James, Mary, Eli. Eh Henderson, born in EdgeHeld, 
S. C, 1803; moved to Pike county, Ala. He married Susan Darby. 
He died in 1857. 

CtdMren of Ell Henderson and His Wife, Snsan Darby 

Cliildren: William Nathaniel, Augustin, born in Ala., 1831, died 
1877; John, James Monroe, Lafayette, M'ahha, Susan Adelaide, Mary. 

Augustin Henderson (1831-1877); married Mildred Elizabeth Hill. 
Their children are: Fox, married Sallie Wilkerson; Ella, married Wi' 
liam L. Birch; J. C, married Nettie Talbot; W. J., married Julia Knox; 
J. E., married Mattie Hilliard; Governor Charies Henderson married 
Laura Montgomery; Julia, married Dr. Hamilton M. Weeden. 

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Nathaniel, son of Nathaniel Henderson <1756-1803) and his wife, 
Nellie, married a Miss Branson, whose father was a Tory and who re- 
turned to England during the Revolution but l::ter came back to South 
Carolina. Both of these Nathaniel Hendersons, father and son, saw 
service in the Revolutionary war. Mrs. Hamilton M. Weedon of Troy, 
Ala., a descendant of theirs, secured their Revolutionary war record 
from Columbia, S. C. She also secured the will of her great-great- 
grandfather, which was probated in Edgelield, S. C, in 1803. One of 
the brothers of Mrs. Weedon married his wife in Warrenton, N. C. 
History was thus repeating itself. It was in Warren that Nathaniel 
Henderson (born 1736), his lineal ancestor, had "married tiie widow 
of Sugan Jones, of Warren." 

Ooventor Oiarles Henderson 

Charles, son of Augustin Henderson and his wife, Mildred Eliza- 
btth Hill, was born in Pike county, Ala. His wife was Laura Mont- 
gomery. He has held many offJces of trust in his State. In his an- 
nouncement for Railroad Commissioner of Alabama he said among 
other things; "We have received only an insignificant portion of the 
wealth which has been held in hiding within a rich soil, beneficent 
climate. Infinitely more should be accomplished and in much more 
rapid strides. The future welfare of the people lies largely in the 
transportation problem We must strive for justice, for equal op- 
portunities for local and State thrift so we may develop and rank 
with the most opulent." 

Charies Henderson was Governor of Alabama from 1914 to 1918. 
He succeeded Emmet O'Neal. The exercises of inauguration, Jan. 18, 
1915, took place on the balcony of the capital in Montgomery, Ala., 
where Jefferson Davis was made President of the Confederate States 
Of America. Here he took the oath of office, following the custom 
of Alabama executives. The same Bible with which Jefferson Davis 
was sworn in was used. This brought Governor Henderson into of- 
fice to serve during the great World war, and through one year of 
reconstruction. And we find him making energetic endeavor to aid 
in winning the war. 

Soon after Gov. Henderson's inauguration effort was made to en- 
large the facilities of the department ol archives and histor>'. 
Thomas M. Owen, L. L. D., a kinsman of the governor, had already 
done work as historian and archivist. 

The royal town of Troy owes much to this man's family and for- 
bears. They were people of great wealth. 

Mre. Ella (Henderson) Brock 

Ella Henderson: born in Pike county, Ala.. Jan. 16, 1855; married 
(II 1879, Willis'" Lowndes Brock, who was one of the leading mer- 
chants of Montgomery. 

Mrs. Brock was a member of the "Cradle Chapter" United Daugh- 
ters of the Confederacy. She was a devout member of St. John's 

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Fpiscopal church. She died Jan. 18, 1920. Her hu^and had passed 
away twenty years before. We will quote from a local newspaper: 
"Endowed with strong mentality and never- wave ring in following 
her code of Right, always genial, loving her friends in her home and 
as she would meet them out in the world, ever receiving a warm wel- 
come from all, her retiring nature sought no social display, but found 
its true contentment in the seclusion of her own beloved home." 

Surviving her *ere her brothere, J. C. Henderson and former 
Governor Charles Henderson of Troy and J. E. Henderson of Enter- 
piise, a sister, Mrs. H. M. Weedon of Troy and two daughters, Mrs. 
Lamar Fields and Mrs. Harvey R. Spangler, both of Montgomery, 

Samuel Hendersoa (175»-1S28) 

Samuel Henderson was son of Nathaniel, who was born Dec. I, 
1736. Nathaniel was son of Samuel Henderson (1700-1783), of Gran- 
ville county, N. C. Samuel Henderson (1700-1783) was son of Rich- 
ard Henderson, of Hanover county, Va., and his wife, Polly Washer, 
d.';ughter of Ensign Washer, who was a member of the House of Bur- 
gesses, which met at Jamestown, Va., in 1619. He represented Cap- 
tians Lawnes' Plantation, later known as "Isle of Wight Plantation." 

Richard Henderson, of Hanover county, Va., was son of the immi- 
grant ancestor, Thomas Henderson, who came to Jamestown, Va., in 
1607-8, where he first settled; later he located at Blue or Yellow 
Springs, near Jamestown. 

Thomas, this immigrrnt ancestor, was born in Fifeshire, Scot- 
land (see pages 177, 178, 179, 180. Colonial Families of the United 
States of America, Vol. IV, by George Norbury Mackenzie). We give, 
as an additional authority, manuscript written by Thomas Henderson, 
of Mt. Pinson, Tenn., in 1834. 

We cannot trace Ensign Washer's lineage back in Great Britain, 
but on page 220, Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, 1907-8, 
it is said that a good per cent, of the Burgesses before 1700 are known 
to have been of gentle birth. And since Washer held the office of 
Ensign in Great Britain at a time when only men of gentle birth held 
military office, even that of Ensign, we infer that Ensign Washer was 
of gentle origin. One cannot help wondering if he did not sometimes 
attend religious services at the Old Brick Church, called St. Lukes, 
Isle of Wight. This building still stands and is the most remarkable 
seventeenth century building in the original English colonies. 

The coat of arms of this American Henderson family is the Fordell 
coat of arms: 

Arms — Oules, three piles issuing out of the sinister argent, in a 
chief of the last a crescent azure between ermine spots. 

Crest — A cubit arm ppr., the hand holding a star or, ensigned with 
a crescent azure. 

Motto— "Sola Virtus Nobilifat." 

It may be interesting to note something in regard to the dominant 

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Henderson family of Scotland of late years. We see in Bnrte's Land- 
ed Gentry (1834) tfiat tfie seat of Henderson of Fordea is FordeO, 
Inverkeithing, County, Fife. 

"Lineage: The estate of FordeO which lias been in the Hender- 
son family nearly five hundred years was left by Sir John HeDdcrson. 
the last barL of Fordell (the son of Sir Robert Bruce Henderson) suc- 
cessively M. P. for County Fife, and for Sterling, to his only child and 
heir, Isabella Anne, who married 1818, the Admiral of the Fleet, Sir 
Philip, Charles Henderson Calderwood f>urham G. C B. She died 
without issue and the estate of FordeD descended to Lady Durham's 
first cousin, George Mercer, who thereafter assumed the name of 
Henderson in addition to and after that of Mercer." In 1858 he married 
Alice, a granddaughter of the fourth "Earl of Rosebery. Georgiana 
Wilhelmina, Countess of Bucliingh am shire, is his aster's child. 

Samuel Henderson, son of Nathaniel, was born in 1759 in Gran- 
ville county, N. C, but moved with his father to Hawkins county, Tenn., 
and married Lucy Ryckman, who was bom and rerred in Cumberland 
county, Va,, a county adjoining Hanover county, the former home of 
the Hendersons. We learn this from the diary of his son. Dr. Samuel 
Henderson (1804-1884), written while his mother, Lucy Ryckman 
Henderson, still lived. This diary now (1919) is in the hands of 
Captain Thomas P. Henderson, of Franklin, Tenn. She was of Dutch 

Samuel Henderson's (1759-1828) grandfather, Samuel Henderson 
(1700-1783), had moved from Hanover county, Vs., about 1745 to 
what is now Granville county, N. C. Samuel, the subject of our 
sketch, was married in Oreen county, Tenn., March 14, 1785, while 
this was part of the short lived "State of Franklin." The Slate of 
Frenklin was composed of Davidson, Green, Washington, Hawkins 
and Sullivan counties. In November, 1785, a convention met at Greer»- 
ville to ratify the constitution of the State of Frarklin, which conf^ti- 
tution had been m?de at jonesboro. Dec. 14, 1784. John Sevier, at ihi* 
convention in Greenville, was chosen Governor of the State of Frank- 
lin; Langdon Carter was Speaker of the Senate; William Cage, Speak- 
er of the House of Commons; and David Campbell, Joshua Gist and 
John Henderson, Judges of the Superior Court (see page 93. Wheeler's 
History of North Carolina). This John Henderson was a kinsman of 
the subject of our sketch. William Cocke was to represent the State 
before Congress. In September, 1787, the Legislature of the State of 
Franklin met for the last time in Greenville. 

Some time after -his marriage Samuel Henderson (1759-1828) 
moved to Knox county, Tenn., and settled on the Holston river, about 
four miles from Knoxville, on the opposite side of the river. Here 
their children were born. All their children were pris except the 
youngest, Samuel, who was born 1804. 

The writer has. framed and hanging in her home, an old land 
warrant which belonged to Samuel Henderson (1759-1828), showing 
100 acres in Hawkins county was conveyed to him in 1791, through 

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Isaac Taylor. This warrant is dated "Western Territory South of the 
Ohio, Sep. 19, 1791." This old land warrant reads: 

"The Estate of Isaac Taylor, Desd. to Samuel Henderson Jr. one 
hundred acre Land 'A'arrant; Hawkins County, W. T. So. of Ohio. 
This day came James Henderson before me, James White, a Justice 
of the Peace for Hawkins county, and made oath that He Heard Isaac 
Taylor assume on Armstrongs one Hundred Acre Warrant to Samuel 
Henderson, and further Saith not. Sworn to before me this 19th of 
Sept. 1791. James White, Jcp. 

This day came Samuel Henderson as above and made oath that 
he never received any satisfaction for the above Warrant sworn to 
this 19th of Sept. 1791. James White, Jcp" 

He was my grandfather. He belonged to Ninth Regiment North 
Carolina Continental Troops. This regiment was commanded by Col- 
onel John P. Williams, Lieut. Col. John Luttrell, Major Wm. Polk (see 
North Carolina Register). He enlisted Nov. 26, 1776. His name is on 
the tablet on the court house in Franklin, Tenn., placed there in honor of 
Revolutionary soldiers buried in Williamson county, Tenn., by "Old Glo- 
ry" Chapter D, A. R. Samuel Henderson's name is also on the monument 
to Revolutionary soldiers buried in Tennessee. This monument was 
projected by Mrs. James S. Pilcher, when State Regent D. A. R. The 
monument stands in front of the court house in Nashville, Tenn. 1 
received permit from D. A. R. headquarters at Washington for bar 
on my Daughters of the American Revolution pin. bearing name 
Samuel Henderson as one of my Revolutionary ancestors. This per- 
mit 1 sent to the D. A. R. official jeweler and procured the bar on my 

Early in ihe American Revolution men would sometimes enlist 
for a short period. We do not think that Simuel Henderson served 
during the whole of the war. When sixteen years old, in 1775, he 
was with his father, Nathaniel Henderson, for a while at Fori Boonsboro 
on Kentucky River. 

Judge Richard Henderson, President of the Transylvania Com- 
pany, which had made a treaty with the Indians at Sycamore Shoals 
on Watauga River, March 17. 1775. and purchased from them all of 
what is now Kentucky and Tennessee as far south as the Cumberland 
River and a corner of southwestern Virginia, kept a diary while on 
his way to found Boonsboro, and after beginning work here. His 
Diary can be found in North Carolina Booklet for Jan. 1904. The 
oripnal diary, yellow with age, is jealously preserved in the Wis- 
consin Historical Society Library, 

Richard Henderson and the Transylvania Company engaged Boon 
and his party to cut out the Wilderness Trail, that historic pathway 
tu the vast "hinterland" poetically phrased by a Cherokee chieftain as 
the "dark and bloody ground." 

The D. A. R. have marked this "Trail". To this the writer con- 

Judge Richard Henderson speaks, in his diary, of his brothers. 

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Nathaniel and Samuel, being with him here at Boonsboro, and one 
entry shows that he and these two brothers, on one morning, were 
the only ones at work on the Fort. I have always been interested in 
locating and marking historic spots since becoming a Daughter of the 
American Revolution. In February, 1900, thinking it a good way to 
record the location of historic spots I wrote (or J. Franklin Jame- 
son, Ph. D., who was compiling a large volume of his "Dictionary of 
United States History," twenty-five items. He retained the contribu- 
tion as data, but did not deem it worthy of financial recompense. 
While I was Regent of "Old Glory" Chapter D. A. R. (1904-5), I brought 
before the chapter a good many historic spots I had located. On 
February I, 1906, after I had been elected State Historian by the D. A. 
R. at our State Conference in Memphis, November, 1905, I wrote to 
Miss Desha in Washington, one of the founders of D. A. R., seeking 
her interest in marking some of these historic spots. Miss Desha was 
a woman much interested in patriotic work, and was on the National 
committee tor marking historical spots. The places I then asked het 
to use her influence in having marked were Sycamore Shoals on Wa- 
tauga River as the place where the Transylvania company, with Col. 
Richard Henderson at its head, had signed a treaty with the Cherokees, 
March 17. 1775. Here too the over-mountain men rendezvoused, Oc- 
tober 7, 1780, before going to! do battle at King's Mountain, We are 
happy to remember that D. A. R. chapters in Knoxville, Bristol and 
Johnson City, in 1910, appropriately marked Sycamore Shoals with a 
monument. The shaft bears this inscription on one side: "Here was 
Negotiated the Treaty Under Which Transylvania Was Acquired from 
the Cherokees, March 17, J775." 

The other historic spot about which 1 wrote Mass De^a was the 
site of Fort Prud home on, the third Chickasaw Bluff going down the 
Mississippi, built by La Salle in 1682. That La Salle built Fort Prud 
home at this time can be seen on page 115, "Opening of the Missis- 
sippi." by F, A, ORg, TTie site of this fort is where the river makes a 
majestic turn, in Riverside Park at Memphis, Tenn, I also made an 
effort to get our D. A. R. Stale Conference to mark this ^ot in 1906. 

Everyone knows the romantic story of Elizabeth and Fanny Callo- 
way and Jemima Boone being captured by the Indians, and how at 
great peril they were recovered by their friends. Elizabeth Calloway. 
just two weeks after this time was married to Samuel Henderson, an 
uncle of the subject of our sketch. This romantic story afforded Fen- 
nimore Cooper an incident in his book "The Last of the Mohicans." 

I will give references from Virginia Entries which show something 
of this man's possessions in lands: "Surveyed June 23. 1780. Samuel 
Henderson enters 1,000 acres on preemption lying on the trace from 
Boonsboro to the lower Salt Spring on Licken adjoining his settle- 
ment af the Sycamore forrest all round and to run down the Creek 
for Quantity" Book I, page 410, Virginia Entries. Also "assess of 
Abram Mitchell, 1.000 acres on the waters of Licken Creek on the Hunt- 
er's trace from Boonsboro to the lower Salt Spring adjoining all 

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around hb settlement." Book No. I, page 410, Virginia Entries "Sur- 
veyed May 23rd, 1780. Samuel Henderson enters 400 acres upon a 
Treasury Warrant on the waters of Brashers Creek adjoining James 
Allen's entry made on the north side of his own land and to run south- 
wardly and eastwardly, beginning at Allen's South East Corner of his 
following entry of 500 Acres," Book No. [, page 288, Virginia Entries. 
In book No. 1, page 25, Virginia Entries, we see that he entered 400 
acres at one time and 400 acres at another time. Thus it seems that 
he possessed in Kentucky at least between three and four thousand 
aires of land in vicinity of Boonsboro. 

The younger Samuel Henderson (1759-1828), who was mairit-d i.i 
1785, ten years after the founding of Boonsboro, named one of his 
first children "Levisa" in honor of the old name given to Kentucky 
river upon which Boonsboro was founded. All of this man's children 
were girls except the youngest child, who was born In 1804 and was 
Riven the name of his father, Samuel Henderson. I will say in pasa'ng 
that this last Samuel was my father, and that he did not marry until 
he was in his fortieth year. I am one of his younger children, so in 
this way tradition is close. 

The restless spirit of the times seems to have had possession of 
this man. In 1808 he moved with his family to Louisiana Territory, 
settling on a farm in the vicinity of St. Louis. Great river courses 
have always shaped the lives of men. In America it was through the 
rivers they generally found their homes. This land is now a part of 
St. Louis. They went all the way by water in a little boat, down the 
Holston to the Tennessee river, down this to the Ohio, along this to 
the Mississippi, then up to St. Louis. 

It is interesting to note the state of St. Louis at this time. From 
the St. Louis Republic of July 12, 1908, we learn that St. Louis in 1808 
bad two hundred houses. Of these, fifty were built of stone. These 
were whitewashed. The houses stood in the midst of gardens and 
orchards. The settlement occupied three streets, now named Main. 
Second and Third. There was one school-master, Trudeau, who lived 
ai;d taught in the same house. This was the only school around here. 
My father. Samuel Henderson (1804-1884), started to school here when 
very young. 

Samuel Henderson (1759-1828) was in his new home neaf St. 
Louis in time to take part in the election of 1809 which "was held at 
Mr. Chouteau's house, latelv occupied bv Gen. Clark." 

Samuel Henderson (1759-1828) and his wife had both for many 
years been members of the Presbyterian church, but here they found 
no Presbyterian church, so they joined the Methodist church. From 
the Diary of Samuel Henderson (1804-1884) we learn that his mother, 
in the Spring of 1787. joined the Presbvterian church in Knox county. 
and that her husband, Samuel Henderson (1759-1828), had already 
joined the church about a year earlier. The Methodist church had been 
established at St. Louis in ISOfi, and there was no Presbyterian church 
there until 1816. Rev. Gideon Blackburn, who aided in the establi^i- 



menl of the First Presbyterian church in Nashville, Tenn., also in 
Franklin, Tenn., visited St. Louis in 1816, and preached in a theatre 
then standing on Main street below Market street. Large and deep- 
ly interested crowds attended these services, and they prepared the 
way for the establishment of a church. The Methodist church was 
established in St. Louis in 1806. "The first preaching west of the 
Mississippi was clandestine, and was by John Clark, who, in 1798, 
crossed the Mississippi from Illinois at night and preached occasional 
sermons at Cold Water, near Florissant. The first regularly appointed 
was John Travis, who was sent to Missouri in 1806, when Protestant 
settlers were greatly increasing as the result of raising the American 
flag in St. Louuts in 1804. But Methodist foundation in St. Louis 
were actually laid by Jesse Walker, who held the first meeting in 
the month of December in a log cottage, 12x16 feet, which stood on 
the southwest corner of Third and Spence streets. Names were soon 
added to the membership of this church which were to become notable 
in the history of St, Lonis, among them being the names of John 
Goodfellow, his wife and sister, Mrs. Carohne O'Fallon and Mrs. 
Kclls, the mother-in-law 'of Samuel Cupples. When the congregation 
outgrew the cottage, a frame structure, 36x20 feet, with galleries on 
three sides, was erected on the northwest corner of Fourth and Myrtle 
streets." This was the church of which Samuel (1759-1828) and his 
wife were members. It is interesting to note the fact that the Samuel 
Cupples of today (1908) is true to traditions and is numbered among 
the noted philanthropists of our day. Among others of this church in 
St. Louis who are distinguished for the largeness of their gifts are 
Murry Charlefon, John J. O'Fallon, S. M. Kinnard and Paul Brown. 

During the agitation over the Missouri Compromise, through fear 
of losing his negroes, Samuel Henderson (1759-1828) came back to 
Tennessee about 1817, and settled in Williamson county, near Bethes- 
da. Here he and his wife are both buried. Their graves are marked 
by little, old-fashioned tombstones. 

My father, Samuel Henderson (1804-1884), always told us that 
Grandpa sold his farm for a mere song — for nothing much more than 
wagons and teams to bring them back to Tennessee. Now this land is 
incorporated in the city of St. Louis, and is of untold value. 

Before leaving Missouri his daughters had married and settled 
several states. 

Lucy Ryckman, wife of Samuel Henderson (1759-1828), was bom 
in Cumberland county, Va., a county adjoining lianover, the home of 
the Hendersons. She came of an old Dutch family, some of whom 
settled in New York at an early date. Frances Cowles says in the 
Nashville Banner, July 6, 1916: "There isn't the slightest doubt that 
the old records would give some very interesting light on this fine old 
Dutch family. Harme Janse Ryckman was a resident of Albany be- 
tween 1666 and 1667. and Other members of the family were early 
settlers in New Amsterdam, now New York. A Captain Albert Jans« 

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Ryclcfflan, who was Mayor of Albany in 1702 and 1703, owned a 
brewery on the east side of lower Broadway, which included the south 
comer oi Hudson street and Broadway. This property had formerly 
belonged to Peter Bronck, a member of the family for which borough 
of (he Bronlc, part of Greater New York, is now named. The family 
was also settled in Schenectady at an early date." Ary Ryckman 
owned a farm which included what ia now Astor place. One branch 
of the family left New York for Virginia, settling In Cumberland coun- 
ty, Va. To this branch Lucy (Ryckman) Henderson belongs. While 
she stiB Tived, her son, Dr. Samuel Henderson (1804-1884), writes in 
his diary that his mother, Lucy (Ryckman) Henderson, was born in 
Cumberland county, Va. Her father moved to Greene county, Tenn. 
We will fortify what we know of Ihls family by a statement made to 
my brother, Judge John Hughes Henderson, in I8B3 and recorded in 
bis diary. This statement was made to him by Tapley Pyron, an tid 
man then of nearly eighty years, a grandson of Samuel Henderson 
<I759-I828): "Lucy Ryckman Henderson's brothers, William and 
Abraham Ryckman, moved To Mississippi, and their descendants now 
(1883) are in that State and Arkansas. One of her sisters married 
Elisha Baker. He was a member of the Convention which framed the 
first constitution of Tennessee." Elisha Baker was one of the five 
men from Greene county in this constitutional convention which met at 
KnoxviRe, Jan. 11, 1796, in accordance with the proclamation of Wil- 
liam Blount, Governor in and over the Territory of the United States 
of America, south of the Ohio river (see page 212 History of Tennes- 
see—The (ioodspeed Publishing Co.). 

Tliis was a nrAable convention, and the roll of members is illu- 
minated by the names of Andrew Jackson, James Robertson, William 
Blount, WiHiam Cocke, Thomas Henderson, C. C. Claiborne, James 
Houston, D. Shelby, Edward Douglas, Leroy Taylor, John Tipton, 
Charies AttClung, James White, Thomas Hardeman, John McNairy, 
David Craig, Elisha Baker. 

"Another sister of Lucy Kyckman Henderson. Tobitha Ryckman. 
married John Strickland and settled in Kentucky. Tapley Bynum, fath- 
er of BradlOTd and Ely Bynum, married another »stcr and settled in 
1'entticky. Eliflia Baker's descendants are now (1883) in Missouri" 

Lucy (Ryckman) Henderson was bom November 15, 1765. and 
died July t4, 1843. After her daughters had all married, and had set- 
tled in different states, she made her home with her only son. Dr. 
Samuel Henderson (1804-1884). near Bethesda, Wniiamson county, 
Tenn. This son had such devotion lor his moflier that he would not 
suffer his lieart to become so deeply involved that be should marry 
before she died. So he lived a bachelor. He married in his fortieth 
year. Lucy Henderson was active and full of energy even to her last 
days. Though she lived to be seventy-eight years old, it was no 
unusual thing to see her run from the house to the kitchen or nei^ro 
caMns. She was five feet four inches in height, and of athletic build. 
Aside from more useful arts ^e taught her daughters to embroider 

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and do fancy work. Some of this family did really beautiful fancy 

The children of Samuel Henderson (I7S9-I828) and his wife, Lucy 
Ryckman, were all born in Knox county, Tenn., but all went with *'ieir 
father to Missouri in 180S to live. 

I. Ann; married Charles Pyron wiiile living in Knox county, but 
she and her husband moved to Missouri in 1808. They were parents 
of Tapley, John and Sterling Pyron. Children of Tapley Pyron: Susan, 
bom 1832, married W. B. Cullom, attorney at law, from Overton 
county, Tenn.; tiiey lived in Missouri and California; Malissa married 
Johnson; Charles; Frances; Nancy, married Jordan; Addi«, married 
Smith; Thomas. 

ii. Levisa; named for L«visa river, the old name given to Ken* 
tucky river on which Boonsboro had been built, married Bradford 
Bynum while her father lived near St. Louis, Mo. They went 
the Mississippi liver and made their home in Illinois. 

III. Mary; fiiamed Oliver Brewer, and moved first to Missouri, 
but afterwards to Hampton county, Arkansas. Their descendants live 
now (1883) in Pike county, Aiicansas, and elsewhere. They succeed- 
ed well in life. 

IV. Mathilde; married Ely Bynum; lived in Kentucky. 

V. Elizabeth; married John Strickland. 

VI. Sally; married Henry Edwards, and lived in West Tennessee. 

VII. Lucy; after being divorced from her first hustwnd, by whom 
fihe had no children, married Thomas Gillespie. They moved to Texas, 
where they succeeded in life. They had one child, Thomas. 

VIII. Samuel Henderson, son of Samuel Henderson (1759-1828) 
and his wife, Lucy Ryckman; was bom OctDber 8, 1804. He married 
Rachel Jane Hughes, March 14, 1844. He died December 9, 1884. 

Saimiel Henderwii (18M-1884)' 

Samuel Henderson firs' saw the light in Knox county, near Knox- 
ville, Tennessee. A kinsman of his father, John Henderson, of Greene 
county, had been chosen one of the Judges of the Superior Court 
of the short-Jived "State of Franklin" in 1785. While vinttng this ldn&- 
man Samuel Henderson (1759-1828) had met and loved Lucy Ryck- 
man in Greene county and they were married March 14, 1786. Green- 
ville was the capital of the State of Franklin. 

The younger Samuel eariy had Methodist influences thrown around 
him. Because there was no Presbyterian church about St. Louis, 
whither they had moved in 1808, his father and mother had joined the 
Methodist church, which stood on the corner of Third and Spence 
streets, St. Louis. Living out from the village of St. Louis, Dr. Hen- 
derson says in his diary that his father's house was often a preach- 
ing place for the Methodist preachers, and a home for them. This 
l>oy started to school when quite young to Mr. Toureau, who lived and 
taught in the same house in St Louis (see St. Louis Republic for July 



12, 1908). Father Kas often told us that Tom, a faithful negro, went 
w-iH) him to school the first day through the woods and blazed the 
way with an ax so that he might find his way alone. His mother once 
dressed him like an Indian chief to please the Indians, and when the 
Indians came they wanted to lake him to live with them. He r«mem>- 
bered that in the long journey, in a little boat, from Tennessee to St 
Louis, among their food was taken parched com. This seems quite 
primitive. In those days they certainly lived the simple life. Parch- 
ed com when mn through an old time coffee-mill could take the place 
of OUT breakfast cereals. 

Emigration, in the olden time in America, followed the river 
courses. This family went down the Holston river, along the Ohio 
to the Mississippi river, then up the Mississippi to the vicinity of St. 
Louih. Families and friends often in their migrations would follow 
each other. The father of Senator John B. Henderson, of Missouri, in 
the early years of the nineteenth century went to Atissouri from Ten- 
nessee to live. 

We have stated before that Samuel Henderson (1759-1828) came 
back to Tennessee to live about 1817. He brought his family to Wil- 
liamson county. Samuel Henderson (1804-1884) studied medicine 
under Dr. John L. Hadley, who had been a private student of Benja- 
min Rush, of Philadelphia, one of tiie signers of the Declaration of 
Independence. Dr. John Livingston Hadley was a grandson of Robert 
Livingston (1746-1818), who served on the committee of five which 
drafted the Declaration of Independence. He was also Secretary for 
Fordgn Affairs 1781-1783, While U. S. A*nister to France in 1801- 
1805 he and James Monroe negotiated with Napoleon Bonaparte the 
Louiuana Purchase (see page 375, Dictionary of United States His- 
tory, by Jameson). 

Dr. John L. Hadley, who married his first couan, inherited what 
became known as "Hadley's Bend" in Cumberland river, from this 
grandfeflier. This vast landed estate, had been granted to Robert 
Livingston for diplomatic service. This estate reached out beyond the 
Bend and included what was afterwards known as "The tfermitage". 
The deed from John L. Hadley to Andrew Jackson can be seen in the 
State Archives at the ca|»tol in Nashville. After I had been elected 
State Historian of the D. A. R., at Memphis in 1905, I visited the 
Archives, because we had been Interested in the establishment of a 
department of Archives and History. On this visit Mr. Quaries, the 
Archivist, told me that he had rescued from the ash-barrel the deed 
to the "Hermitage" of tiie land sold by John L. Hadley to Andrew 
Jackson, President of United States. 

The stay of this young man in the home of Dr. Hadley was to him 
a perfect delight. He writes back to his old finend. Rev. Henry C. 
Horton, in Williamson, of the "elegant and refining influences" about 
him. This large two-story brick house, the home of Dr. Hadley, still 
stands. When a giri I made several v^ts to Dr. and Nin. Hadley in 
their home here. They were elegant old people, and their home was 

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a large, old-tashioned, brick house with large cross haBs in flit center. 
The back part of this house was built while Tennessee was still a 
part of North Carolina. The rooms were papend when I was there 
in the old time landscape paper. In one room the story of Paul and 
\irginia was portrayed, in another room Venus and Adonis. "The 
Kermitage," near-by, still has this old-time landscape papering. ~ On 
one of my visits to Dr. and Mrs. Hadley my father was witb me. He 
and Dr. Hadley would talk of the days when Andrew Jackson lived 
at "The Hennitage," and of the hospitality of his home. 

Dr. Hadley was in reminiscent mood. He told us of an incident 
in the home of Benjamin Rush in Philadelphia. He said that when be 
was studying medicine at Jefferson College, and was a private student 
of Benjamin Rush, he and several other boys were invited to take tea 
in the Rush home. While at the table, Hixs. Ru^ was explaining to 
the young men the mechanism of her new tea urn, when one of the 
boys remarked to Mrs. Rush that that reminded him of what Dr. Rush 
often told them: that they must look down as well as up for informa- 
tion. Dr. Hadley's foce seemed to flush with shame when telling this 
mcident. He said when it happened he felt as if he could sink through 
the floor, he was so ashamed of the boy. 

On one of my visits to Dr. Hadley's in company witli my father. 
Dr. Samuel Henderson (1804-1884), I made my first pilgrimage to the 
grave of Andrew Jackson, at the Hermitage, the IVIecca of Americans. 
I saw and talked with Alfred, Jackson's body servant. When we were 
leaving, Alfred gave me a sprig of magnolia from Jackson's grave. 

We will make quotation from the Tennessean and American of 
Jan. 20, 1918, in which is a sketch of "Vaucluse", the old home of Dr. 
John Livingston Hadley. The Government purchased Hadley's Bend 
for the great powder plant: "'Vaucluse,' built by J. L. Hadley in 
early part of last century on land granted to Robert Livingston, his 
grandfather, as reward for diplomatic services, was among the most 
magnificent and splendid of Southern mansions in days before the 
Civil war and the scene of many interesting and romantic incidents." 

This old home, like many other Southern homes, was a little 
commonwealth within itself, with the slaves' quarters and other acces- 
sories of an old-time plantation. On one side of the house at the front 
was a negro hospital, on the other a carriage house, while In the rear 
was an old fashioned garden with its wealth of flowers. Surrounding 
the whole was a red brick wall, five feet high, with false turrets every 
twelve feet. When, as a girt, I visited here, this wall Bred my imag- 
inrtion and I fancied the turrets embattled as in the day "when Knight- 
hood was in flower.,' I have gone somewhat into detail about "Vau- 
cluse," because it may be of interest to know something of the former 
life of a place which comes suddenly into national prominence as Had- 
ley's Bend did when purchased by the Oovemment after the United 
States entered the Worid war, on which was built a powder plant, the 
Itrgest in the wortd. 

Samuel Henderson (19)4-1884), when young, clerked for nearfy 

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a year in a dry goods store in NashviHe belonging to Dr. Hadley. He 
was here at the time "the stars fefl," the time of that marvelous me- 
teoric shower. 'Along in Uie twenties he went to Philadelphia to attend 
Jefferson Medical College. He traveled from Williamson county, Tenn., 
to Philadelphia, Pa., on horseback, a long horseback ride, it seems to 
us at this day. But men often preferred this to the stage coach. Fath- 
er has often told us that Philade^hia at this time was not lighted on 
moonlight nights. 

He practiced medicine after leaving Philadelphia for some years, 
but laid his practice aside long enough to take another course of med- 
ical lectures in Louisville, Ky., at the time the celebrated Dr. Samuel 
Oross was here. He had great admiration for Dr. Gross and friend- 
ship between the two men sprung up which lasted through lite. Dr. 
Henderson, In his practice of medicine, would have Dr. Gross to come 
fi'om Louisville to perform surgjca] operations. And when his son, 
Samuel Henderson (1852-1913), attended Jefferson Medical College in 
Philadelphia in 1672, Dr. Gross took a personal interest in the young 
man and would invite him sometimes to come and take breakfast 
with him in his home. After Samuel Henderson (1052-1913) had 
taken his degree in medicine Dr. Gross wrote the father in most ap- 
preciative terms of his son and insisted that he come to Philadelphia 
to practice medicine. This letter Dr. Henderson (1852-1913) pre- 
served. Dr. Gross' fame extended to two continents. The Univeruty 
of Oxford, England, conferred upon him the degree D. C. L. 

Samuel Henderson (1804-1884) was always fond of military af- 
fairs. When a young man he was colonel of a repment of militia 
This threw him with Gen. William Martin, of Williamson county, of 
whom he was very fond. March 14, 1844, he was married "at early 
candle lighting," as the record in the diary goes, to Rachel Jane 
Hughes, a niece of Gen. William Martin. They were married in her 
father's home, in the old house in which Gen. Martin had died more 
than a year before. Gen. Martin was a bachelor and made his home 
with his sister, Sally (Martin) Hughes. Dr. Henderson carried his 
bride to the home of a dear friend of his, Rev. Henry C. Horton. They 
were here for several months, when they came back to his wife's wid- 
owed father's to live. Rev. Henry C Horton was the father of Mrs, 
Edward H. East, and grandfather of Mrs. Nathaniel Baxter, of Nash- 
ville. Their first child, Samuel, was bom in 1845; died in inhncy; 
and is buried in the old graveyard. His grave is bedde that of the 
youngest child in this family, Levisa, who also died in infancy. After 
the birth of their second child, SaOie Martin Henderson, he carried 
his family to Franklin to live. An entry in the diary of Dr. Hender- 
son Is: "April 13. 1848. I removed to Franklin this day, having 
bought Dr. S. S. Mayfield's possessions." This home was on Maple 
avenue, where Mr. Alex Hughes Ewing now lives (1912). His lot in 
1848 extended back and included what is now tiie Louisville and Nash- 
ville railroad depot, etc. A lot of residences have been built on part 
of this land. It is superfluous to say that town lots in 1848 were not 

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•0 valuable as now. This house was always the home of doctors^ 
Dr. Mayfield sold the place to Dr. Henderson. He sold the place to 
Dr. Morton, and he sold the place to Dr. John Park, who Uvcd here 
for half a century, a most highly respected and beloved man. Dr. John 
Park was grandfather of Mrs. A. H. Ewing. 

This house, occupied by Dr. Samuel Henderson (18CM-1S84) aitd 
his wife, was unchanged from the time of its erection until torn down 
by Mr. A. H. Ewing, who had his present home built about 19ICL 
file original building was in colonial style with large hall in center 
and double pariors on one side of hall with folding doors between. 
On opposite »de of hsll were double rooms with folding doors. These 
double doors folded back on their hinges in the cdd style. The front 
door and solid mahogany, or cherry, stairway of the old residence are 
preserved in the present edifice. Here they lived with deTightful en- 
vironment and their only child at that time, 184S, SaMy Martin. If 
seems that they should have been perfectly happy. But Father has 
often told us of coming into Mother's room one day and finding her 
bathed in tears. On asking tfie cause of this she replied, "Father 
needs me in his home." He resolved then and there to go back to her 
' father's house to live, to "Rural Plains," as they called it An entry 
in Dr. Henderson's diary, June 20, 1844, shows that he bought from 
Capt. John Hughes, his father-in-taw, a tract of land on Big Harpeth 
river on which was located the Harpeth Mills. This was m the day 
before the merchant millers and was large for its time 

Samuel Henderson was a kind master. He always spoke of his 
negroes as a part of his family. In his diary he says, "There have 
been more than twenty cases of measles in my family this Summer." 
Southern people never spoke of their negroes as slaves, they always 
called them "servants." If a Northern man came Soatft to live and 
owned negroes he would call them his "staves." The distinction made 
a kind o' shiboleth. 

1 rememl)er how the negroes all seemed to love "Master and Mis- 
less." They used to come sometimes at Christmas or on Father's 
birthday, marching in procesHon, when two stout negro men at the 
head of the procession would take Father on their shoukters and 
carry fim around the yard. 

Dr. Henderson never sold negroes. He would buy negroes, but 
would not sell them. He feared that they might fall into unkind hands. 
He did sell for a small amount one negro, Lydia, to her husband, vrho 
had been set free. Before Mr, Thomas Logan Douglas died he request- 
ed Dr. Henderson, his family physician and friend, to see that his 
negroes, all of whom he freed by his will, were sent to Liberia in 
Africa, if he should be living when Mrs. Douglas died. This was a 
colony for emancipated slaves, founded by the American Colonization 
Society, Dec. 31, 1816. Henry Clay was president of this Society. 
Among old family papers we can see that in fitting out the negroes, 
idd-time wolsey-linsey was used. Lydia was the wife of one of these 
Douglas negroes, and she went to Liberia with them. Father went 

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to Savannak, Georgia, and saw the Douglas negroes sail for Liberia. 

Samuel Henderson <1804-1884} was a public spirited man. He 
was one of the prajectors of tlie Nashville and Decatur Railroad, 
which was organized in July, 1851. He was a stoclcholder in this road 
and was one of the directors until it was merged into the Louisville 
and Mashvflk R. R. The building of the new Douglas church, along 
in the eighteen and fifties, was largely his work. This was built on a 
corner of Rev. Thomas Logan Douglas' place on the Lewisburg )»ke. 
Mr. Douglas intended to give the site to the Methodist church, but 
died without uiaking a deed to the land, and when his widow died 
no deed had still been made. On winding up her estate. Dr. Hender- 
son himself bought one acre of land on which the church stands, pay- 
ing for this sixty dollars, and gave the lot to the Southern Methodist 
church. He bought this tot Nov. 25, 1852. We learn this from his diary, 
henderwm Academy was built principally at his expense. This was 
on the public highway Just across the orchard from his home. It was 
a two^tory brick building wilh two large recitation rooms down stairs, 
an entrance hall^way with two cloak closets and a stairway to the right, 
and a stairway to the left. On the second floor was one large audito- 
rium and two small music rooms. When school first opened here Mr. 
Sterling Brewer and his wife taught, and Miss Laura Hardeman taught 
music. Later, when the writer started to school, Mr, Stokely Page, 
father of Williamson county's superintendent of pubHc instruction 
(1916), Mr. Fred Page, had charge of this school. Mr. and Mrs. Brew- 
er made th«r home at the "Red House" on my grandfather's place. 

Samuel Henderson {1804<I884) believed in good roads. He aided 
in building the Lewisburg turnpike. He had that part of the pike upon 
which his home place bordered, built. He was Superintendent of the 
Nashville and Franklin turnpike. At opening of the War between the 
States he was made Captain of the Franklin Home Guards. His grand- 
daughter, Mrs. Susie Miller, iKcame a U. D. C. through him. 

Dr. Samuel Henderson joined the Methodist church when he was 
about seventeen years old. He says in his diary fhat he "attached him* 
self to the church at old Shiloh meeting house in the edge of Maury 
county." Rev. James Scott received his name. He lived the life of a 
tiue Christian. He was also an enthusiastic Mason. We will copy a 
record made many years ago of him as Mason, on paper with letter 
head "John Frizzell, Attomey-at-law, 164 Union St., Nashville, Tenn." 

"In Hiram Lodge Oct. 25, 1836, Ch. 2, Ex. July 13, 184a Coun- 
cil April 2, 1847, K. T. Feb. 4, 1848, H. P. Dec. 10; 1847. Grand King 
ol this G. C. 1857." 

An entry in Samuel Henderson's diary is: "Dec. !3, 1847. At a 
regular annual meeting of Franklin Royal Arch chapter I was elected 
High Priest of said chapter;" again: "Dec. 27, 1847. This day I was 
installed High Priest of Franklin chapter." "Jan. 8, 1848. 1 assisted 
in burying Nicholas Perkins in Masonic order." "Feb. 3, 1848. After 
having been elected previously to the degree of the Nashville Encamp- 
ment, I fljis evening in Nashville received the degree of the Red Cross." 



Feb. 4, 1848. This evening I was made Knight Templar, and Knigfit of 
Malt), with which I was well pleased." "Oct. 8, 1849. I am tbis day 
torty-five years of age. I attended the meeting of the Grand chapter 
of Royal Arch Masons at Nashville and was elected Scribe of said 
Grand chapter for the next year." "Nov. 30, 1849. On Friday met the 
companions at Hardeman's X Roads — Opened and organized a chap- 
ter of Rjyai Arch Masons to be called Triune Chapter, No. 30." Oct 
14, 1850. Attended a meeting of tiie Grand Chapter at Nashville, 
and I was dected Grand King." 

An entry in Samuel Henderson's diary is: "June 22, 1852. Mrs. 
Frances Love (formerly Mrs. Thomas Logan)Douglas died . . . 
burial services were conducted by Bishop Soul." "Nov. 24 and 25. 
At sale of Mrs. Love's estate I bought the (Douglas) church lot of one 
acre for which I pay ($60) sixty doHars." Dec. 5, 1853, he speaks of get- 
ting off the Douglas negroes to Liberia by way of Nashville, Tenn., and 
Savannah, Ob. (We note the fact that in the great Worid war Lil>eria 
casts her lot with the Allies struggling for Liberty, Aug. 4, 1917.) 

Dr. Henderson was an old line Whig "of the strictest sect." When 
llie war beween the states was brewing he took the same position 
that Robert E. Lee, John Bell and some other devoted Southerners 
took. He did not want to see the Union dissolved. This was the 
first stand taken by the Whigs. Whigs were conservative. But 
when Tennessee seceded, he said "My heart is with my people;" and 
he did all in his pQwer to aid the South. He helped CoL John Mc- 
Gavock equip a company of soldiers. His own sons were tittle boys, 
so he aided some of his nephews who joined the aimy. Samuel 
Henderson, however, was a firm believer in the constitutional right 
of a State to secede frdm the Union. Indeed, this had never been 
doubted either by the North or the South. It is interesting to recall 
the fact that the first Confederacy thought of was a Northern Confed- 
eracy 1803, which was to begin with the secession of Massachusetts. 
Col. Timothy lackering, who had held many offices of trust, and at 
this time was a Representative of the State of Massachusetts in U. S. 
Senate, was one of the leading secessionists of his day. 

As U. D. C, 1 wrote for Confederate Archives my Reminiscences of 
the War between the States. In this paper is given some of my father's 
experiences during the war. I remember well his great indignation 
at not being alloHved to vote during the terrible reconstruction days. 

In his diary during the war he tells of negroes running away to 
go to the Federal camps. An entry is: "April 13, 1863. The Federal 
soldiers have taken every horse, mare and mule that I have, leaving 
me but two little work mules and two mule colts. They have broken 
into my smokehouse repeatedly and taken all my hams. They have 
taken a good deal of my com, and all of my hay, and nearly all my 
fodder. My health is very bad. I will certainly );o crazy." After 
thb he went with his children up to Mr. Frank Hardeman's to live. 
I remember that he carried what proviwons he had, among which 
was a barrel of molasses that had escaped the Federal's eyes. Here 

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we remained four months. Two months of this time he was viatentiy 
ID. In August, 1863, he sent his two oldest daughters, Sallie and 
Mary, North to school. The schools in the south were broken up, 
and he was anxious that his children be wed educated. Dr. D. B. 
Oiffe^ a Union man, who was carrying his own daughter North to 
school took these two girls under his care along with his daughter. To 
show how irregular schools were in the South when they attempted 
to open them at all: he started his two young sans, John and Samuel, 
to school in Franklin to Mr. Atha Thomas on Sept.21, 1863, and Oct 
22 was their last day at this school. 

White at Mr. Hardeman's we devoted every forenoon to study. On 
Aug. 24, 1863, he earned his two little daughter's Lucy and Sue, to 
C(A. McGavock's, to study under the family governess. Here we made 
ouf home lor several months. Col. McGavock had Bent most of his 
negroes to Louisiana to save them from the Federals. So while Sue 
and I were at Coi. McOavock's, three o* our negroes, Manda, Jane and 
Aaron worked there. In November of this same year his two work 
mtdes were stolen and he was left with only two mule colts. 

We are glad to see a rift in the clouds in April, 1864. Dr. Hen> 
derson made a visit North to his daughters in school. Here, far from 
the madding turmoil of war, he could for awhile relax. 

The day before the terrible battle of Franklin an entry in his diary: 
"Nov. 29, 1864. The Federal Calvary, when falling back to Nashville, 
formed a line near my house and looked for an attack. There were 
about four thousand men in line. They took my gray horse and work 
mule." This Tme of battle vths just in front of our home, behind a rock 
fence . They theatened to shell our house. 

The day after the fearful Battle of Franklin, l>r. Henderson's homo 
was thrown open for wounded Con^erale soldiers. Our house 
was full of wounded men. Father even took one wounded soldier in 
his own room. Bdng a |rfiysician and surgeon he did much for these 
soldiers. The writer recalls with pride the fact that sometimes soup 
was given her to feed these wounded men, and she would hand then 
water, etc. This was indeed a privilege. 

July 3, 1865, Dr. Henderson had business in West Tennessee. Ho 
tells of leaving home June 26 in his buggy, with Dr. Leander Hugties, 
fiA' Gibson county. He said that he passed over roads that had not 
hctn worked since the war began. There were no bridges. He says 
they "swam the horse across the Tennessee river and the buggy Went 
0%'er in a canoe." In 1861 his health was wretched and he was too old 
to take active service in the war, so he was made Captain of the Home 
Guards. The writer remembers with what a thrill she would watch this 
company of old men drill. They sometimes carried their walking 
canes as guns, but this did not dampen her ardor. 

Samuel Henderson was a man of heroic mould. His beloved wife 
had died in 1858, leaving him with six tittle children, the oldest not yet 
ten years of age. Rev. Wm. M. Green said ol him at the time of his 
death: "Here we enter the jeweled chamber ol this man's character. 

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Turning away from the grave of his wife he gave himself, mind, heart 
and body to the care of his children. Even the practice of medicine 
ht: abandoned. He became a mother in all its meaning of watchhilness 
and earnest solicitude. The moral, religious training and education 
ri! the children were his. How beautifully they have repaid bim. How 
they have vied with each other in cheering his old heart and alleviating 
his pains. They seemed to think that they could not do tod much for 
him, and they could not Now tiiat he is dead they have a precious 
legacy in the memory that they had such a father,, and we pronounce 
his life a success because of the character of his children." 

Again, Dr. Wm. M. Oreen says, "If a chitvalric man is one who 
moves out boldly to the front with a matured conviction, Dr. Henderson 
was the soul of chivalry, with him there was no want of decision and 
no absence of resolution. When a clear sense of right, evolved from 
the religion of Jesus, pmnted out t? him his duty, he moved toward 
it wth no falterng step. The two-faced, characterless man he had an 
utterable contempt for. No thought ever crossed the mind of Dr. Hen- 
derson tliat by doing the right he would suffer materially in character 
or business. That simpering and tnickling policy which dwarfs and 
deforms so many business men was unknown to him. In the muscle 
of this man tiiere was energy, in his mind there was intellect, in his 
heart love, and in his life an accomplished mission. When he passed 
the portal into the other life the angels whispered one to another, 
'There goes a man." 

When Dr. Henderson died, Dec. 9, 1884, the physicians of Franklin 
and vicinity met in the office of Dr. John S. Park to take action and 
draft suitable restrfutions in regard to his death. Dr. W. M. Gentry 
was called to the chair and Dr. Wm. White was appointed secretary. 
The chair appointed Drs. D. B. Clifle, J. S. Park and J. P. Hanner a 
committee to draft suitable resolutions. The physicians of Franklin 
acted as honorary pell-bearers. He was buried with Masonic honors, 
Hon. Burke Bond officiating. Masons acted as pall-bearers. He died 
in a home he had built for his daughter, Sallie M. Smithson, in West 
End on Main street, Franklin. This is a two-story brick house, and 
is now (1916) the home of Mr. Dorsey Crockett. 

The writer never saw character so visibly written on any man's 
face Here truth and bonw were apparent to the most casual observer. 

Judge John Huglies Hendersoti (1S49-1915) 

John H. Henderson, son of Dr. Samuel Henderson (1804-1884) and 
his wife Rachel Jane Hughes (1818-1858), was bcfrn in the old ances- 
tral home near Franklin, Tenn., Dec. 18, 1849. 

The custom that prevailed in the South, of giving to each son, at his 
birth, a negro boy was here observed. The grandfather, John Hughes 
(1T76-1860), made a deed of gift to this child, of a negro boy, Manuel. 
Judge Henderson laughingly used to say that he was a slave owner in 
his own right. 

Dr. Samuel Henderson (1804-1884) believed, in rearing his children. 


that it was best to give them as much freedom as possible. So he was 
strict with us only where principte was concerned. In minor matters 
we could have our own way. Perhaps this developed initiative, at any 
rate John Henderson wAs a manly boy. I remember how father often 
consulted his boys in regard to his business. 

His school days begun at Henderson's Acadertiy, but when still 
quite smatl the two brothers, John and Samuel, started to school in 
Franklin to Mr. Atha Thotnas. Later they attended the Campbell 
school for boys in Franklin. This was conducted by Messrs. Patrick 
and Andrew Campbell. These brothers received their education in 
Edinburg, Scotland. Under them John Henderson made splendid pro- 
gress in his studies. He took an extensive course in Latin and Greek, 
mathematics, etc. So when the Campbell brothers needed an assis- 
tant teacher, they proposed fo John Henderson to teach several classes 
a day in Latin, and in this way pay for his tuition. This was in the 
days following the war. While this helped father financially, he be- 
lieved that it would be fine training for his boy also. So in this way 
he paid for his own tuition. He had, however, attended school in 
Hayesville, Ohio, for more than a year. He left home for Ohi? just a 
day or two before Abraham Lincoln was killed in 1865. I remember 
Father's great anxiety. He feared that some fanatic might try to 
wreak vengeance on Southern boys in the Northern schools. But this 
fear, we are happy to say, proved groundless. 

He kept up his friendship with his college chums all of his life. 
During Reconstruction days he would write and tell his Northern friends 
of conditions in the South as seen though a boy's lenses. These boys, 
seeing things in an unprejudiced way, would write to him letters filled 
with indignation that such fliings should be done by the Federal author- 
ities in their cruel effort to change social conditions in the South. They 
thought that the South was justified in resorting to any means to pro- 
tect herself. 

John Henderson chose the Law as his profession, as many of his 
name before hhn had done. He took a law course at the University 
of \^r^nia. Here he felt himsdf fortunate in being under the tutilage 
of Prof. Minor. In 1873 he came home from Virginia and begun the 
practice of his profession in Franklin, Tenn. 

When, quite young, being a boy of strenuous habits, he became 
Agent for the Louisville & Nashville Railroad at Franklin. Here he 
succeeded Mr. Charles Marshall, who went to New Orleans to accept a 
responsible R. R. position. He commanded a fine salary. At the same 
time he was pursuing his study of the law. As a boy and a man he 
had many warm friends. He was one to inspire confidence. He 
frave up his agency for the Railroad in order to take his law course at 
University of Vir^'nia. His education was obtained not altogether 
within school walls. He belonged to a debating society, where young 
men would meet and argue the issues of the day. In this he took 
delight. He was often called on at patriotic gatherings fo address 
large audiences. The writer remembers that he was one of the chosen 

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speakers at Ibe court house in Franklin when the whole coontry was in 
gala attire on July 4, 1876, the one hundiedth anniversary of the twih 
of our nation. 

John Henderson joined the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, at 
old Douglas church, near Franklin, July 26, 1S59. He often made public 
talks before the church assemblies when appointed. At Christmas 
services in 1883 he made an address which was warmly received on 
"He shall have dominion from sea to sea, and from the rivers to the ends 
of the earth." At one time he took the impetuous Peter as his subject. 
He often represented his church as lay member at the Tennessee Con- 
ference. On Children's Day, May 15, 1887, in the M. E. Church, 
South, in Franklin he made a tender talk about Christ taking a child 
in his arms and telling the people they must become as little chiMrea. 
His heart could warm up on this subject because of his great love for 
his own little children. 

A year later he writes in his diary, June 27, 1888, of the birth of 
his son, the first John Hughes Henderson. Then he says, "As I bdieve 
1 have done every time on similar occasions heretofore, I have gone 
down on my knees and have dedicated this little boy to Ood." He said 
he had rather his boys would be "honest, upright, Christian men than 
be President of the United States." To this baby, John Jr., Amanda, 
a negro woman who had nursed the father, became nurse. 

Since I am trying to portray something of the real nan, I will teil 
-a little incident connected with Amanda. In her old age Amanda had 
softening of the brain. Sometime she would roam around at night 
without any definite aim. Once she was locked up as a vagrant. She 
said to the keeper: "If my Mars. Johnnie (^e always called his name 
as she did when he was a child) knew I was here he would take me 
away." On finding out whDm she meant by "Mars. Johnnie," they 
phoned Judge Henderson. It was a late hour at night and bitter cold. 
So he todk in his arms a bundle of warm clothing for her to use thai 
night, and the next day gave Amanda a room to stay in. 

Many of his talks were made in this church at Franklin, of whicfi 
he had been a member since early boyhood. Here he was a member of 
the Board of Stewards and of the Board of Trust. For many, many 
years he taught a class of young ladies in the Sunday-school. 

July 1, 1886, he addressed the State Normal Institute. His subject 
was "Education in thp South." In this address he "paiH his respects" h> 
George W. Cable, and discussed the bill pending in Congress known 
as the Blair Education Bill. 

J(rfin H. Henderson was member of the Judicial Convention which 
nominated Democratic candidates for Supreme Judges. An entry in 
his diary reads: "I received today, from Gov. Peter Turhey, a commis- 
sion as one of his Aides on his Staff with the rank of Colonel — very 
much to my surprise." On the same date he say3,"In present Supreme 
Court in Nashville I am interested in eight cases, of which I gairi six 
and lose two." 

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He attended a meeting and banquet at the Maxwell House in 
Nashville of the Atumni of the University of Virginia, April 15, 1894. 
There were twenty present. He re^ohded to toast. 

John H. Henderson filled Judge McLemore's place on the Bench 
for some time. 

In 1894 he was candidate for Attorney-General and Reporter for 
Tennessee. To this office he was not elected. His ability, we 
think, was universally acknowledged, but he vdas too straightforward 
for the modern politician. 

He served as associate Justice on the Supreme Bench of Tennessee, 

He loved the South with a perfect devotion, and was sometimes 
asked to make talks at the decorations of the graves of our Confederate 
soldiers. He was master of ceremonies when the Confederate monu- 
ment was unveiled on the public square in Franklin, 1899. On that 
occasion Gen. George Gordon, of Memphis was with us, and the Gov- 
ernor of the Stale. There was the largest gEthering of people ever 
known in Franklin. We will quote from Judge Henderson's intro- 
ductory remarks: 

"The occa^on which bring you here is one to which we have all 
looked forward with interest. We are making history today. Future 
generations will point back with pride to this day: that their fathers 
and mothers, thirty-five years after the close of one of the bloodiest 
wars in history, when all passions had subsided, alt animo^ties had 
been buried, and all sections of of our common country were at peace 
with each other as brothers, had paid this tribute of iffection to the 
memory of their countrymen. 

"A generation has passed, and this is, in part, the work of a new 
^neration. To have done this sooner would have perhaps been too soon. 
There might have been in the tribute some malignity, some vindictive- 
ness. But we are prompted by nothing of that sort. The comer 
stone of this monument is love, every rock in its foundation is cemented 
in love, every stroke of the chisel that worked out its beautiful symme- 
try was made in love: love pure and simple, welled up in grateful 
hearts, as a token of which we transmit this monument to posterity," 
etc. Judge Henderson goes on in his modest way to give the glory of its 
erection ta others, but he was one of the first promoters of the move- 
ment to build this monument. It was unveiled by a niece cf his, Sue 
Winstead, and Leah Cowan, whose father was an officer on Qen. For- 
rest's staff. These little girls drove in the proces^on in a beautifully 
decorated pony cart. 

John H. Henderson was elected prewdent of the Tennessee Bar 
Association in 1904. The Review-Appeal of July 7, 1904, says: "Mr. 
Henderson's established position in the front rank of the bar of Middle 
Tennessee, and his high personal character amply justified the partiali- 
ty of his associates ." The session of the State Bar Association held 
at Chattanooura during his presidency was among the most brilliant 
ever held in the State. The Chattanooga News, on this occaaoh, pays 

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tribute to his young lady daughter who accompanied bin. H «ays: 
"Many charming ladies are with the lawyers, and the favorite with tbem 
ail perhaps because of her rare beauty and charming manner is Miss 
Henderson, of Franklin. She is the daughter of Judge Hendenon, pns~ 
ident of the Bar Associatjon." 

His address to the Bar Association was much praised by the press 
of the State, To give some idea of his estimate of S' lawyer, we wffl 
quote from an address made by him before the Tennessee Bar Associa- 
tion several years before this, in 1901. His subject was "The Tweiv- 
tieth Century Lawyer." After looking at various phases of his sub- 
ject he said in conclun(jp: "We, among ourselves, are accustomed to 
say that the law is a great profetuon; that the lawyer, true to the ethics 
of his profesaon, is the highest type of a gentleman tliat we have, and 
the greatest benefactor of his race. It he is a lawyer in all that the 
word means, he is a conservator of the peace, a promoter of hairiness 
in the domestic relations; he discourages lawsuits; his fee is largely 
an incident, instead of an incentive to his labor. He is an indispen- 
sible factor at the birth and upbuilding of govemments," etc. The 
writer knows positively that Judge Henderson discouraged the bring- 
ing of lawsuits which tended to embitter fomily relations among his 
clients. She knows of some cases where he refused to bring suit for 
(fivorce from mfe or hu^and when he knew that he might receive gocKi 

In 1907, as we have said, Judge Henderson was called to the Su- 
preme Bench of Tennessee. A notice in the Review-Appeal June 20, 
1907, is: "Judge J. H Henderson, of the Supreme Court, spent Sunday 
and Monday at home. Last Satwday he dehVered the opinion of ttie 
Court in several important cases." Wliile he served, decision was made 
in regard to title of the Gray property on Seventh avenue, purchased 
for the Governor's mansion. It was during this time that the Supreme 
Court declared the anti-race-track gambling law, passed by an act of 
the last Legislature, to be constitutional. 

When he ran for re-election tothe Supreme Bench he was indors- 
ed by members of the Bar from the three sections of Temiessee, East 
Middle, and West Tennessee. He had a most hearty indorsement front 
his own Congressional district, the Seventh, and one hundred and six- 
ty-eight members of the Memphis Bar gave him endorsement. In this 
Memphis endorsement is said when making selection for his successor 
"Judge Wilkes had the whole Bar of Middle Tennessee to draw from, 
and it was therefore a mark of eminent distinction when his choice fen 
upon Judge Henderson. Judge Henderson was in no sense an applicant 
for the position but accepted it chiefly for the purpose of showing his 
appreciation erf the honor conferred upon him. "f^rom that time until 
after the death of Judge Wilkes, Judge Henderson sat as Special Judge 
of the Supreme Court, making a splendid record, thoroughly satisfactory 
to the Bar and the public. A natural laudable ambition to secure an 
endorsement of that record prompts Judge Henderson now to stand for 
Section at the hands of the people. 

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Tot many yeara Judge Henderson has been one of the ablest and 
most popular lawyers of the State. He has long been one of the most 
active members of the Tennessee Bar Association; was at one time itti 
president and is entitled to a large share of its credit for the good work 
it bas done in promoting beneficial legidation. 

"Judge Henderson has always been a stalwart Democrat, and has 
been in the forefront of all his party's battles. As a nan, as a lawyer, 
as a Democrat, he is worthy in a high degree of the high portion for 
which we urge him." 

In 1910 tbene was a great revolt in Tennessee against a political ma- 
chine which had been built up. A mass meeting of Democrats was 
called to meet in MashvQIe on May 18 to reorganize the Democratic 
party. Judge Henderson's views on this matter can be seen in Nash- 
ville Banner, May 10, 1910. Independent Democrats of the Stale of 
Tennessee assembled in convention at Ryman Auditorium in Nashville, 
Sep. 14, 1910, and adopted a Democratic pdatform. Of this Democratic 
platform committee J. H. Henderson was chairman. The opening sen 
tenc« of this platform reads: 

"We, the representatives of the Democratic party sf Tennessee, 
acting by authority derived directly from the people, do declare our 
allegiance to the time^onored piincifdes of the national Democracy," 
etc. This flatform can be found in full in Nashville Banner for Sept 
14. 1910. 

At the time of the adoption o! this platform hundreds of old Con- 
federate soldiers, among them Qte writer's husband, Henry Claiborne 
Hoiton, marched to the convention, to the tunc of Dixie, each man wear- 
ing an American flag. They Were led by a man who was chief of ar- 
tillery under the intrepid Forrest This was a movement oi the people 
seeking purer politics. 

John H. Henderson had a large and lucrative practice, and he work- 
ed hard. He was sometimes found at his desk after the midnight hour. 

He was married to Dizabeth Ewin Perkins in May, 1879. Theirs 
was a hospitable home. We can say, without fear of our assertion 
being called in question, that they entertained more largely than any- 
1>ody in Williamson county. People in this county in ante-bellum days 
entertained quite as much. Notwithstanding changed conditions, they 
kept up the custom of the Old South, an open door. 

Lizzie Perkins comes of an old and influential family. Her father, 
Samuel Perkins was of this well known family of Tennessee; and her 
irolher, Theresa Ewin, was bom and reared in Kentucky. Mrs. Per- 
kins was a woman gifted in conversation and she was quite literary. 
The Perkins family were people of wealth and influence. 

The three last years of judge Henderson's life were full of suffer- 
ing, which he tmre with fortitude and without complaint. During this 
time a daughter, whom he idolized, passed away. 

William H. Johnston sums up the character of this man in these 
words: "Judge John Hughes Henderson was a Christian citizen, de- 
voted churchman, faithful advxate, man of peace, public almona, 


family arbiter; worthy, confident, wise adviser, loving husband, indul- 
gent father, and exemplar par excellence." 

His death-bed scene was the most beautihil thing the writer ever 

Children of John Hughes Henderson and his wife, Elizabeth Ewin 

Samuel; bom July, IS80, died in infancy. 

Thomas; Attorney-at-law: married Lucile Carter of Virginia 

Theresa Ewin; married Edward Hamilton, Attomey-al-law, Nash- 
ville, Tenn. 

John; died early. 

Sarah Martin; died 1912. 

John Hughes. 

Capt^ Tboinas PerMns Hcndefson 

Thomas P., son of Judge John Hughes Henderson and his wife, 
Elizabeth Evrin Perkins, was born in Franklin, Tenn.. May 9, 1882. He 
is a lineal descendant of Captain John Hughes of the War of 1812, and 
of Colonel Archelaus Hughes, Captain William Martin and Samuel 
Henderson ol the Revolutionary war. He is grandson of Dr. Samuel 
Henderson (16(H-I884), who was a Captain of the Franklin Home 
Ouards during the War between the States in 1861. On his maternal 
«de he is grandson of Samuel Perkins, who served during the War be- 
tween the States and who was son of Thomas F. Perkins and his wife, 
America Cannon, daughter of Colonel Newton Cannon, who served in 
Wcr of 1812 and later was Governor of Tennessee. 

Thomas P. Henderson was at first Captain, National Guard, Ten- 
nessee, commanding Company "I," 1st Tenn. Artillery. He was in 
training at Fort Oglethorpe, Oa., May 13, 1917, to May 30, 1917, and 
resigned to accept commission in 1st Tennessee Field Artillery, in pro- 
cess of organization. 

As soon as America declared vtar on Germany he offered his ser- 
vices to the Government, and began at once to recruit a battery. 

Franklin, Tennessee, occupies a unique place in the annals of the 
114th Field Artillery. Half of the Regiment's captains are from this 
Williamson county town: Capt. T. P. Henderson, Capt. Enoch Brown 
and Capt. Reese Amis. But Henderson is the only commander in the 
regiment who recruited his own volunteer battery. His battery was the 
first company to leave Williamson county for war. He attended the 
first training camp at Fort Oglethorpe. After recruiting his battery he 
had official notification from Washington that it was the first battery 
in Tennessee to reach war strength. This re^ment was originally First 
Tennessee Regiment. On later date when merged into the regular 
army they were known as 1 t4th Field Artillery, 30th Division. 

On Uie night before these men left for camp at Columbia, Tenn., 
July 20, 1917, the Army Comfort Circle gave a most enthusiastic enter- 

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tainment at the Auditorium in Franklin. The boys were entertained tn 
our homes. Tom, when thanking the people for what they had done 
for the boys, declared this the proudest day of his life. The camp at 
Columbia, Tenn., was named in honor of him, "Thomas P. Henderson 

Sep. 5, 1917 the First Tenn. fneld Artillery entrained for Camp 
Sevier, at Greenville, S. C. They sailed for France, May 26, 1918. 

July 14, 1918, Tom wrote me from France: "Am in training camp, all 
of us aching to get to the front and do our turn." They attained their 
desire at St, Mehiel and in the stupendous Meuse-Argonne battle. Tom 
Henderson was first with the 30th Diviaon, serving later with the 89th 
Divi^on and with the 33rd Division. When starting home from over- 
seas they were again placed in the 3Dth Division. 

Gen. John j. Perking told the American Luncheon Club in Lon- 
don, July 16, 1919, that the American offensive, known as the Meuse- 
Argonne battle, cut the German lines of communication and made fur- 
ther resistance impossible (see Nashville Banner for July 16, 1919). 

"This long and bloody battle of the Meuse-Argonne pales the great- 
est of Civil war conflicts into insignifigance." In the Saturday Evening 
Post page 7, May 10, 1919, it is said that "the Meuse-Argonne was the 
greatest battle in American history." That long-drawn struggle began 
Sep. 26, and did not end until the finish, Nov. tl, at II o'clock. "Had 
not the Argonne position been forced, a ^ring campaign might have 
been necessary." 

We will copy passages from letters written by Captain Henderson 
to his wife. Aug. 28, 1918. He tells some things about the trip to the 
hront. They traveled two days and nights. He speaks of his men being 
comfortably accommodated and of a magnificent, up-to-date palace car 
for the officers. "This was the nicest car I ever rode in. I think it was in- 
tended for some General and got on our train by mistake We have 

seen all the Fighting rivers." He says of Battery F.: "as far as enlisted 
personnel is concerned, 'ts there.' They are not scared; they do not 
get excited, and in fact while firing under fire are calmer and cooler 
than when drilling in a test drill." 

Captain Henderson writes his wife later in this terrible Meuse-Ar- 
gonne campaign of how hot his guns were with incessant fire. Then 
he tells how grateful they are for an opportunity to bathe in the River 
Meuse. The battery fought through the whole of this Argonne cam- 
paign of 42 days of almost continuous fightintr. 

On March 31, 1919. the 114th Field Artillery, returned from over- 
sras, paraded in Nashville. 1 never saw so immense a throng of peo- 
ple. Their welcome was glorious. The poor, dear Confederate vet- 
erans marched ahead of the regiment. The Ward-Belmont giris form- 
ed, near the triumphal arch, on steps as a living flag. 

Battery F, 114th Field Artillery, returned to the States minus eleven 
of its brave troys who left Tennessee. 

He was Captain, National Guard, Tennessee, commanding cim- 
peny I, 1st Tennessee Infantry, Second Officers' Training Camp, Ft. 

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Oglethorpe, Ga., May 13 to May 30, 1917, resgning to accept com- 
mission in First Tenn. Field Ailillery, in process of organization. 

He enlisted for military service June I, 1917, at Franlclin, Tenn., 
as a Provisional Captain in First Tennessee Field Artillery section of 
the National Cuard; was mustered into Federal service July 30, 1917; 
assigned originally to raise and command Battery f, 1st Tennessee 
Field Artillery, the designation of the regiment being (Ranged Septem- 
ber 14, 1917, to 114th Field Artillery, and being part of the 55th Beld 
Artillery Brigade of the 30th Division, U. S. Army. 

Home Rendezvous, Columbia, Tenn., July 25 to Sept. 9. 1917. 
Here the camp was named in his honor — Camp Thomas P. Henderson. 
His was a company of volunteers, recruited by him in Tennessee from 
Williamson, Maury and Lawrence counties. 

This company embarked from Hobolien, New Jersey, on Karoa, 
May 26, 1918. They were in Camp de Coetquoidan, France, June Ifi 
to Aug. 21, 1918, when they went to Toul Front. He first went into action 
August 29, 1918, at II p. m. Bernecourt, Toul Sector. He participated 
i< the following engagements: Defense Toul Sector, August 28 to 
September II, 1918; St. Atihiel Offensive September 12 to 15; Defense 
Argonne Woods, September 22 to 25; Meuse-Argonne, September 2f. 
ti October 8; Defense Wouvre Sector, October 10 to November 10; 
Wouvre Offensive, November 10 to November II, 1918, 

He arrived at Newport News. Va., on U. S. S. Finland, March 23, 
1919, from St. Nazarie, France. He was discharged from service at t't. 
Oglethorpe, Ga., April 24, 1919, as Captain Field Artillery. 

He is a lawyer. Was first of the firm, Henderson & Henderson, 
being associated with his father. Judge John H. Henderson. 
Children of Captain Thoimas P. Henderson and his wife, Lucile Carter: 

Thcimas Perkins Henderson. 

Elizabeth Henderson. 

Theresa Ewin, daughter of Judge John Henderson, and his wife, 
Lizzie Perkins, married Edward Hamilton, attorney-at-law, of Nashville. 
Tenn. Their children are Sarah Martin and Mary, and one son, who 
died in infancy. 

Dr. Smmel Hendenon, jr. (18S2-I913> 

Samuel Henderson, son of Dr. Samuel Henderson <1804-I884) and 
his wife, Rachel Jane (Hughes) Henderson, was born at the old home 
in Williamson county, Tenn., June 27, 1852. He attended the Campbell 
School in Franklin under Messrs. Pat and Andrew Campbell. These 
men taught for many years and on their roll is found the names ot many 
notable Southern men. His training in the larger school of life came 
during the war between the States, and in the even more trying recon- 
struction period. Sometimes we think the manhood following the war, 
developed under such adverse conditions, was as great a glory to the 
South as the chivalry of her sons who took up arms. 

Dr. Samuel Henderson and his father, Dr. Samuel Henderson. Sr., 
both took the degree, M. D., at Jefferson College, I^iladelphia, Pa. 

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Here the subject of our sltetch came in contact with the celebrated 
Samuel Gross, M. D., D. C. L., etc. Dr. Gross took in him a personal 
interest, having known his father. On the graduation of Samuel Hen- 
derson, Jr., Dr. Gross urged the father, in flattering terms, to see that 
his son began the practice of medicine in Philadelphia. His whole life, 
however, was given to his native home. 

He inspired confldence and impressed one as a man of reserve 
force. His kindliness of nature found expression through his practice. 
Much of this was done with no expectation of pecuniary reward. His 
professional services were often given to his father's old slaves. A 
beautiful tribute paid him by those who had shared his services was that 
"he was the friend of the widow and orphan." He was genial and so- 
cial in his nature, and had many warm friends to whom he was devot- 
ed. He had a strong sense of justice. He was a member of the Odd 
Fellows order, in which he took great interest. This order in Franklin 
showed appreciation of this man by placing a framed picture of him 
in the lodge room. In preamble and resolutions passed by Odd Fellows 
lodge at time of his death is said:_ "He took an interest in civic af- 
fairs, was dependable to be on the moral side of all public questions, 
and was especially interested in the public improvement of the town, 
of which he was at the time of his death an alderman. Many years 
ago he became a member of Franklin Lodge I. 0. 0. F. and in his life 
ht exemplified the tenets of the order in a marked degree. He had 
filled many offices of the order, and for many years, as if by common 
consent, as each Noble Grand was inducted into his position, it was an- 
nounced that Brother Samuel Henderson was selected as Right Sup- 
porter to the Noble Grand He was of a sunny disposition and bore 

life's burdens and cares with a smile, brining good cheer with him 
wherever you found him." 

Samuel Henderson joined the Methodist Church, South, when seven- 
teen years of age. He served for years as member of the Board of 
Stewards in Franklin. The writer, v^o knew the man's lite intimately, 
asserts with confidence that he was one of the purest of Christians all 
his life. The devotion of his only brother, Judge John H. Henderson, to 
him was something beautiful. The love of his sisters lor him was 
scarcely less. His was of a nature that drew people to him. 

Marrying when he had just reached his majority, he was the father 
of a large family of children w4ien he himself was not much more than 
a boy. He was a public-spirited man. As a member of the municipal 
hoard of Franklin he effected much good for his town. The proportion 
to have cement pavements all jver Franklin was his, and he suggested 
ways and means of doin^ this. A member of the municipal board said 
to the writer the day of Dr. Henderson's death: "The paved streets 
of Franklin will he a monument to Dr. Henderson's memory." It was 
he who first laid plans for the erection of the Auditorium, which is 
connected with our public school building, Hius supplying a long-felt 
need for Franklin. 

Articles read by him before the Williamson County Medical Sod- 

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ety were sometimes printed in the "Nashville Journal of Medicine and 
Surgery," edited by Charles S. Briggs. One of these contributions ata 
be found in the March, 1908, issue of this puUicatiOQ. 

Dr. Henderson suffered with heart trouble. He ^oke so sddsm 
of his own suffering of any nature that many of his friends did not real- 
ize that death might come to him at any time. He was a man of bouy> 
ant nature, and always looked on the bright ^de o[ things. So when he 
died suddenly, September 15, 1913, the community was shocked. He 
had been home only two weeks from a most happy vi»t to his daughter, 
Mrs. John H. Harrison, in Los Angles, California. His obsequies were 
attended by an unusually large number of people from all over the 

Rev. W. B. Taylor wrote ot him in the Christian Advocate, Oct 
2, 1913: "Dr. Henderson was among my first acquaintances when I 
came to Franklin three years ago. His approach to me was of such a 
manner as that a true friendship was begun wliich has grown stronger 
with the passing of years. He was one of a few busy professonal men 
who was above the average in his attendance at church, and the mid- 
week prayer-meeting was his choice t>f all the services. As a physi- 
cian he ranked among the ablest of his profession. A prominent physi- 
cian once said to me; 'Sam Henderson is one of the best diagnos- 
ticians and general practitioners in the State. His only difficulty is 
his modesty. 

"Dr. Henderson came of one of the best families of Williamson 
county, nor did the family name ever suffer at his hands. As a citizen 
he was public-spirited, aggressive, and always on the right side of aO 
matters of public interest. He was a devoted father, and always at 
his best when at home with his family. His death was sudden and un- 
expected — a severe shock and deep grief to the entire community, 
where he is seriously and sadly missed in every sphere of our communi- 
ty life. 

"The funeral services were conducted at the Methodist church by 
the writer, assisted by Revs. W. J. Collier and W, T. Haggard. While 
his mortal body sleeps in Mount Hope, his spirit is forever with the 
pure and good. — W. B. Taylor." 

Samuel Henderson was married in No\'ember, 1873, to Florence 
Morton. Their children are: Samuel Morton, Mrs. Mazie Fleming, 
son, Sam Compton; Mrs. Louise Harrison, John P., Mrs. Susie Virginia 
Miller; child Catherine; Warren, who died in eariy manhood. By a sec- 
ond marriage to Bettie Hughes he had a son. Brown, who died in early 
manhood. John H. Harrison, who married Louise Henderson, held 
respcmsible position in U. S. Census Bureau. They have one child, 
Sam H. Harrison. 

Sallk Mar^ (Henderson) SmWison <18S7-1899> 

Sallie Martin Henderson was born September 14, 1847, at the old 
home in Williamson county, Tenn. She was a daughter of Dr. Samuel 
Hende-son (1804-1884) and hie wife, Rachel Jane Hughes. She was 

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one of the cheeriest, happiest of children, and was, indeed, a comfort 
10 her father at the time of his supreme sorrow, the death of his wife. 
At this time Sallie was not quite eleven years of age. Now, too, the 
mother instinct, latent in the child's nature, manifested itself in her 
thought for her younger sisters and brothers. We have often said 
that she was a "little mother" to us. She married Feb. 9, 1871, Capt. 
(jeo. W. Smithson. fie was a Lieut, under Col. W. S. McLemore of 
the 4th Tennessee Confederate Cavalry during the war between the 
Slates. At the time of his marriage he was merchandising in Franklin, 
a member of the firm of ffouse & Smithson. Theirs was an ideally 
happy home. They nvea, and both died, in the two story brick housf 
in West End, which was given to them by Mrs. Smithson's fathec 
Or. Samuel Henderson. This house is now (1916) the home of Mc 
Dorsey Crockett. She was educated at the Tennessee Female College 
and in Ohio. Her last term in school was at the D. C. Elliott Acad- 
emy, a finishing school for young ladies, in Nashville. She was fond 
3f the piano and of her guitar, and, would, as a girl, often »t on tht 
doorsteps at evening and »ng to her guitar accompaniment The onl3 
patriotic club she ever joined was the U. D. C. We will quote from a 
aew^aper article written at time of her death by Rev. Herschet B 

"Added to her charms of personal grace and beauty were the en- 
dowments of a strong intellect and a great heart In her home at 

wife, mother, hostess, she honored and magnified these good office^ 
and contributed abundantly to the hapi^ness of all. Naturally bright 
und cheerful, she was ea«ly a source of power and pleasure in ever> 
nrcle. "In nckness and in health she had that faith which inspires 
courage and is adequate to victory." 

She died October 26, 1899. Her children are: Janey, marri<.-d Rev. 
Walter J. Bruce; children, Walter, Jane, Mary, Frances; Oeorge Hen. 
derson, merchant; married Pattie Bolton; children, George,, Hattia; 
Sarah; Mary Sam, married Newton C Perkins; banker; child, Sam; 

Mary Jane (Henderson) Warren <1849-igiS) 

Mary Jane; daughter of Dr. Samuel Henderson (1804-1884) and his 
wife, Rachel Jane Hughes, was bom in the old home in Williamson 
county, Tenn., Jan, 17, 1849. She was educated at the Tennessee Fe- 
male College, the Franklin Institute, and in Ohio. On Dec. 19. 1883, 
she married Rev. W. R. Warren, a wholesale and retail book merchant 
in Nashville, Tenn., He was for many years a member of the Ten- 
nessee Conference of the M. E. Church, South. A monument to his 
work here is found not only in the lives of people among whom he 
labored, but in the churches he was instrumental in building, Most of 
the Methodist churches built around Nashville during his active ministry 
received much aid from him. After his retirement from active work In 
the ministry, he built F^ast End Methodist church. He was a man of 
most kindly heart. He took nieces and nephews, the (nphan children 

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of Dr. S. D. Baldwin, author of "Armageddon," and a sister at Mr. 
Warren's former wife, into bii own home. When their liealth vras 
lailing, Mr. Warren took charge Of a church in Cfdorado, go as to have 
them in a healfliy cHmpte. And on their account he later moved to 
New Mexico. 

She was given to much charity. This was so quietly done that 
"the right hand knew not what the left hand did." She ioined tbe M. 
E. Church, South, when very young and was always a consstent mem- 
twr. While her home was in Nashville she was a memtwr of the Tulip 
street church. Their home was on Woodland street, near the old home 
of Bishop McTydre and Dr. Thomas 0. Summers, those bulwarks of 
Methodism. At time of her death she was making her home with 
a niece. Sue H. Wtnstead, in FrankOn. She <tied May 29. 1915, leaving 
no children. 

SuMUi VIrgbila Henderson Wnstead (I855-I8S9) 

Sue, daughter of Dr. Samuel Henderson (1804-1884) and his wife, 
Rachel Jane Hughes, was bom in the old home in Williamson county, 
Tenn., June 9, 1855. She enjoyed robust health. She was a girl and 
woman of splendid domestic qualities. She had something of the artist 
nature and was always trying to beautify her home. She was above Hie 
average height and was of splendid presence, and always dressed in 
exquisite taste. During her tether's iliness of almost one year she was 
his constant attendant. With deft fingers and the tenderest care she 
ministered to his every need. 

"After a long engagement, which thoroughly tested the love of 
both, she was married to Mr. M. P. 0. Winstead, Oct. 18, 1888. litis 
union of hearts was in every way congenial. Not quite fourteen months 
of wedded bliss had elapsed, when the wife and mother, apparently in 
the best of health, while sitting in her chair, died suddenly with heart 
failure. Her infant, two weeks old, was baptized by Rev. W. R. Warren 
on the occasion of the funeral and received the name of its mother. It 
was a striking coincidence that this mother and her child shared the 
same fate. Both became motheriess in infoncy. A teithfuHy kept 
family register shows that she was baptized Sep. 15, 1S55, when three 
months old, and that she joined the IHl E. Church, South, at Douglas, 
Aug 18, 1869." 

M. P. 0. Winstead, when a beardless youth, responded to the call 
of our Southland. He enlisted in the Confederate army, and was se- 
verelv wounded at the Battle of Perryvifle, losing one leg. 

"Dr. Samuel Henderson, of precious memory, and father of the 
deceased, gave himself without stint or hindrance to the training of his 
children; he was a physical, moral, intellectual and religious father; he 
trained them up in the way Ood wanted them to go, and they have not 
departed from It, for a more robust family in principle and religion I 
have not known. No wonder that Mrs. Sue V. Winstead was just the 
woman she was, with such a training, true to her husband, ftimily and 

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friends, and tnic to her cburch and her Ood." This was wntten by 
Dr. William Oreen at time of her death. 

A friend of hers, signed "T. P." wrote for the press, "As I sat last 
night with other friends to watch beside her bier, I recalled the scene of 
one short year ago when] saw her standing on the very spot where her 
bier rested, a happy bride beneath a yoke of fresh, bright Sowers — ^fit 
emblems of a union of unshadowed happiness; alas that it vanished 
almost mth flieir perfume. 

"^ 'a indeed a fruitless efiort to attempt t<» portray the character 
of Su^e Henderson. Tender and loving to infancy, kind and patient 
witli diildren, genial and affectionate to the aged, dieerful, tender and 
untiring in the sick room, she was the embodhnent of all that is beau- 
tiful in woman. She was social in the highest degree." 

She left one child. Sue H. Ah^nstead. 

Lucy Uendersoa Horioa 

Lucy; daughter of Dr. Samuel Henderson <I804-I8S4) and his 
wife, Rachel Jane Hughes, was born Jan. 14, 1851, at the old ancestral 
home in Williamson county, Tenn. Iliis was the old home from which 
General William Martin, her grandmother's brother, went out to the 
War of 1812. Martin was Major at Pensacola and was aide on General 
Andrew Jackson's staff, with titie of Colonel at New Orieans, and dis- 
tinguished himself. Mrs. Horton owns the old red sash worn by Colo- 
nd Martin on the battlefield of New Orieans. 

Lucv Henderson attended school at "Henderson's Academy" until 
she was nine years of age. After this she was in school at the Ten- 
nessee Female College in Franklin, Tenn., which was under the presi- 
dency of C. W. CaJlender, and later of Bishop R. K. Hargrove. From 
1865 to 1868 she attended the Institute in Franklin, Rev. A. N. Cunning- 
ham, principal. We will say in passing that while she was Regent of "Old 
Olory" chapter D. A. R. (1903-1905) she broughl about a planting by the 
chapter, of memorial frees on the school campus to Revolutionary he- 
roes, and again to these pioneer educators. She herself planted the 
Bishop Hargrove memorial tree, and again the Patrick Henry memorial 

Growing up as she did in the country she imbibed a passionate 
love of Nature. The trees, the birds, the flowers were like personal 
friends to her. It seemed to her that the sky bent more lovingly above 
her home, which sheltered a devoted family, than anywhere else. 

Her father's confidence in his ^friends was such that he lost large 
sums of monev atwut the time this girl finished school. Eager to be 
of some aid to her father, she sought a certificate of scholarship from 
Bishop R. K. Hargrove. Bishop Hargrove not only gave her the cer- 
tificate but secured for her a position to teach in the Tennessee Female 

She was married May 30. 1878, in the Methodist Episcopal Church. 
South, in Franklin, by Rev. William Burr, to Henry Claiborne Horton, of 


Alabama. For eleven years after their marriage they made Alabama heir 
home. Since this time Franklin, Tenn., ha$ been their home. 

Lucy H. Horton is a club waman. She was one of the charter 
members Of "Old Glory" chapter D. A. R., which was organized io 
1897, she at that time, being made chapter Recording Secretary. Her 
national number in this order is 20,744. She filled the office ol Secre- 
tary for six years, when she was elected Chapter Regent. When the 
State D, A. R. conference met in Memphis, Tenn., in Nov., 1905, she 
was elected State Historian N. S. D. A. R. This office she filled three 
years, and in April, 1910, at the D. A. R. congress in Washington she 
was elected Tennessee's Vice Slate Regent N. S. D. A. R. 

She has served on six National Committees: Children of the Re- 
public Committee, while Mrs. John A. Mlirphy, the founder, was Nation- 
al Chairman, and while Mrs. Gardner was National Chairman; Commit- 
tee to Locate Historic Spots; Committee to Prevent Desecration of the 
Flag; Memorial Continental Hall Committee; Committee on Immigra- 
tion; and Committees on Real Daughters. 

She became a member of Colonial Dames of America resident in 
Tennessee in 1904. She served on Educational and Hospitality Commit- 
tee, etc., and in 1921 was elected Second Vice-President of Colonial 
Dames of America resident in Tennessee, when Mrs. Frank W. Ring 
was President, and Mrs. H. C. Tolman was First Vice-President. The 
number engraved on her Colonial Dames Recognition Pin is 296. She 
entered (he order through her ancestor, Samuel Henderson (1700-1784), 
of Granville county, N. C. That her frst Henderson ancestor came to 
America in 1607 can be seen in Colonial Families of the United States 
of America, by George Nirbury Mackenzie, Vol. IV, pages 177-180. 
Thomas Henderson, the emigrant ancestor, came to Jamestown, Vir- 
ginia, in 1607. 

Lucy Hi. Horton is member ol Ladies' Historical Association of 
Tennessee; United Daughters of the Confederacy; Society for the Pres- 
ervation of Virginia Antiquities; United States Daughters of 1812; and 
of the Hermitage Association. She was elected State Historian of the 
United States Daughters of 1812 in 1915, and being re-elected, served 
to 1922. She was then made State Vice-President. 

As part of her work as Tennessee State Historian of the D. A. R., 
she filed in the State Archives at the Capitol in Nashville a recorc of 
woric done by the D. A. R. ^f Tennessee, consisting of dghty-eighi (88) 
type-written pages. She begins this 'record with the organization of 
D. A. R. work in Tennessee, by Mrs. J. Harvey Mathais, first State 
Regent, and carries it through the administration of Mrs. James S. f^ 
Cher; Mrs. H. S. Chamberlain; Mrs. Charles B. Bryan and Miss Mary 
Boyce Temple. Lucy H. Horton served as State Historipn D. A. R. 
during Miss Mary Boyce Temple's first administration. 

The D. A. R. flag, which was presented to the Cruiser 'Tennev 
see" in Hampton Roads just before the American Squadron started 
on its celebrated Pacific cniise in 1907, was Mrs. Horton's suggestion 
before the State D. A. R. conference at Memphis in 1905, and she was 

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appointed by Mrs. Cbarles B. Bryan, State Regent, to get up the banner 
and procure money to pay for same from chapters over the State. This 
she did. The chapters responded promptly. This banner was pre- 
sented at tte hands of Miss Maiy Boyce Temple, who wps then State 
Regent. Mrs. Horton, who, on account of illness, could not be present, 
sent "Greetings" which was read by Mrs. Dabney Scales far her. This 
is a handsomely embroidered banner of white ^Ik, bearing in die center 
die coat of arms of Tennessee, beneath this is the insignia of our order, 
and under this a scroll with the words "Presented by the Daughtera of 
the American Revolution of Tennessee, 1907." 

The Cruiser "Tennessee" was later known as the "Memphis" when 
the great dreadnaught which was to bear the name Tennessee was build- 
ing. The "Memphis" was lost in San Domingo v/aters, hut the Cap- 
tain and his wife managed to save this banner, and when the dread- 
naught "The Tennessee" was ready to go into commission in 1920 ttiis 
banner was presented to this new battleship. 

Lucy H. Horton, before serving on National Committee Children of 
the Republic, organized and conducted in Franklin the first Children of 
the Republic Club in Tennessee, Feb. 1, 1907, with an average attend* 
ance of forty-two. While an National Committee to Prevent Desecra- 
tion of die Flag she placed the American flag in every school-room in 
Williamson county, and in many of these schools they gave salute to 
the flag daily. The students would rise to their feet and, looking tow- 
ard the flag, all say In concert, "One country, one language, one flag;" 
then, as popits filed out, each one would give the West Point salute to 
flag. When Mrs. J. M. Dickenson was National Chairman of Committee 
to Prevent Desecration of the Rag, she wrote Mrs. Horton that ^e 
highly approved of the simple words "One country, one language, 
one flag," which Mrs. Horton oricnnated as salute to our flag, because 
so much was expressed in a few words. 

Mrs. Horton was eariy interested in locating historic spots. In 
1903 she read a paper before "Old Qlory" chapter at an evening cele- 
bration in the home of Hon. Atha Thomas, when many guests, ladies 
and gendemen were present. The tide of this paper was "Bits of Ten- 
nessee History." She had made research in the State Archives at the 
capitol at Nashville for assertions made by her. In this paper of Mis. 
Norton's seven important historic sites were located by her. These 
sites she, from dme to time, urged the D. A. R. to mark. 

It was in 1900 that she called the attention of "Old Glory" chapter 
D. A. R. to the foct that in the old Presbyterian church in Franklin, in 
1830. a trealv with the Chickasaws was held by John H. Eaton and 
Oen. John Coffee, and this fact was incorporated in her report to the 
D. A . R. State conference in Nashville in 1903: the first State confer- 
ence in Tennes.<tee after its organization at Chattanooga in 1901. 

On Feb. I. lOOfi, Mrs. Horton wrote to Miss Marv Desha, at Wash- 
ington, one of the three women who originated the D. A. R. order and 
who was interested in marking historic Spots, asking her influence in 
having Hie «te of Fort Prudhomme, built by La Salle in 1682 at the 

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third Chickasaw Muff going down the Mississippi river, marked. This 
blu^ is at Memphis, Tenn. In this letter of Feb. I, 1906, she also sought 
Miss Desha's influence in having markers placed at Sycamore Shoals 
on Wautauga river to indicate the fact that here the over-mountain 
men rendezvoused before going to do battle at King's Mbuntain, Oct. 
7, 1780. And here the Transylvania Company, with Col. Richard Hen- 
derson at its head, made a treaty with the Cherokees, March 17, 1779; 
and made the Transylvania purchase. To Mrs. Norton's appeal Miss 
Desha replied favorably. 

Mrs. Norton's historical paper "Bits of Tennessee History" was 
published in The American Monthly Magazine for Nov., 1903, page:t 
347-352. Other historic spots located by Mrs. Horton in this paper 
ill 1903 was the old Spanish fort, "St. Charles," at New Orleans. She 
called attention to the fact that from this third Chickasaw Bluff (now 
Memphis, Tenn.), DeSota first saw our majestic river, Hie Mississippi, 
April 25, 1541. Here also was located one of Spain's cordon of forts 
where she exacted toll of flie flat iioats from Kentucky. She called at- 
tention to the fact that Gen. Joseph Martin, with other adventurers, 
tried to make a settlement in Powell's Valley in 1769. This included 
Cumberiand Gap. Another historic site noted by Mrs. Horton was the 
land office of Col. Richard Henderson at French Lick (now Nashville, 
Tenn.), established in 1779. These historic sites, as we have said, 
were located by Mrs. Horton in 1902 or before that time. Some of 
them have been appropriately marked by the D. A. R. 

Mrs. Horton, as representative of "Old Glory" chapter D. A. R. to 
the second State conference, that which met in Nashville in Nov., 1903, 
in her report to this conference, states the bet that the Natchez Trace, 
and Boone's Trace, or the Wilderness road, were two of our early high- 

She was a delegate to the eleventh Continental Congress, N. S. 
D. A. R., which convened in Washington, D. C, in Feb., 1902. At this 
time Mrs. Charles H. Fairbanks was President-General. At one of 
the social functions in Washington Mrs. Horton was so glad to meet 
Clara Barton and Susan B. Anthony. She said to Miss Anthony, "You 
have broadened life for women." Miss Anthony's reply was, '1 have 
taught you that life is worth living, haven't 17" 

When tracing her Martin descent in 1897 preparatory to joining 
the D. A. R., she found in an article written by Stephen B. Weeks and 
publi^ed in Report of American Historical Association for the year 
1893, enh'tled, "Oen. Joseph Martin and the War of the Revolution in 
the West," that Mr. Weeks was indebted to the Draper Manuscripts 
for some of his information regarding Oen. Joseph Martin. This led 
Mrs. Horton to be interested in the Draper Manuscripts, wliich were 
stored in the Archives of Wisconsin. 

When Mrs. Horton was State Historian N. S. D. A. R., her report 
read before the D. A. R. State conference at Knoxville, Nov., 1907, shows 
her deep interest in the necessity of making effort to secure cooies of 
the seven Draper Manuscripts, which relate entirely to early Tennes- 

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see history, for our State Archives. In this report she states the fact 
that she had corresponded with Mr. R. 0. Thwaites, Secretary and Su- 
perintendent of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin, and asked 
for what sum of money we could have these seven manuscripts typewrit- 
ten. His reply was that he thought it would C3st between two and 
tiiree hundred dollars, possibly less than two hundred dollars. But to 
Mrs. Wilkinson, of Memphis, Tenn., is due the glory of having secured 
type-written copies of some Draper manuscripts which relate to Tenne- 
see. Mrs. Wilkerson succeeded Mrs. Horton as State Historian D. A. R. 
She secured the money and the Memphis D. A. R. chapters sent a man 
to Wisconsin to do the typewriting. Mrs. Wilkinson read her re- 
port before the D. A. R. State Conference at Mirfreesbora, Tenn., in 
Nov. 1911, which proved her interest in the Draper Manuscripts. And 
in 1913 she had three typewritten copies made and placed, one copy iit 
the Capitol at Na^ville, one copy in the public library in Memphis, 
and one copy in Knoxville. The State is greatly indebted to Mrs. 
Wilkinson for her splendid work. 

Mrs. Horton's State Historian's Report in 1907 further shows her 
interest in the State Archivist work. Mr. Quaries had shown her the 
original Constitution of Tennesee, which he had rescued form the ash 
barrel, after being placed in charge at the Capitol, and the original 
deed to the Hermitage made by Jcdin L. Hadley to Andrew Jackson, 
which was also saved from the fire. We remark in passing Ihat 
Mrs. Charies B. Bryan, of Memt^is, while State Rcge- 1 (1903-3), did 
much toward creating in Tennessee a Department of Archives and 
flistory. Indeed she had the bill creating this Department presented 
to the Legislature. 

Mrs. Horton's report showed that she had located many old papers, 
letters and documents, some of wnich were her own old family papers. 
She had also located old furniture ind ofhcr relics, because all of these 
things bespeak history. Her endeavor was to make accessible to future 
historians material comparatively little known. She also reports the 
P. A. R. banner for the Cruiser 'Tennessee" having been made and 
hc\ing been presented to this battleship by Miss Temple. 

She was appointed by Mrs. Bryan to read a paper before the State 
Conference at Memphis, in 1905, on Immigration; and while Mrs. Hor- 
ton was State Vice-Regent of Tennessee, 1910-1912, ^e took an inter- 
est in immigration and various other branches of D. A. R. work. She 
was State Chairman on Immigration. 

She for three years served as chairman of the Social Service Com- 
mittee of her Church Missionary Society, her work ending in 1916. 

Soon after the great European war began the Woman's Peace 
Movemen* was launched. This must not be confused with the "Pac- 
ifist" movement. This appealed to Mrs. Horton. So in September, 
1914, she moved that her Missionary Auxiliary in Franklin go on record 
in favor of universal peace among nations and the abolition of militar- 
ism. This they did, and thus they fell into line wifli the Woman's 
Peace Movement in America. This movement is the same that later. 

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ate HENDSX&Mi 

July, 19)5, was headed by Mr. William H. Taft. Tbey had no hope of 
bringing about cessation of the present war. Bui when this war is over 
to help render impossible another such war. At this eariy date, staoge 
to say, Henry Cabot Lodge and some other Republicans who afterwards 
fought so desperately in the United States Senate the ratification of the 
Peace Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations Covenant, were 
in favor or a League of Nations which might prevent war. 

On Oct. I, 1914, Mrs. Norton at a meeting of "Old Olory" ch^>- 
ter D. A. R., moved that we memorialize the State D. A. R. Conference 
which was to convene at Knoxville, Nov. 9, 1914, to this same end. 
This motion carried, and she wag authorized by the chapter to memo- 
rialize the State Conference, which she did as follows: 

"Seeing the horror of the European war, and the demoralization 
which necessarily accompanies it, all of which is unworthy of twen- 
tieth century civilization, and believing that the whole world should be 
free from the thralldom of militarism and be thus enaMed to advance 
to higher civilization, "Old Glory" Chapter Daughters of the American 
Revolution memorializes the State Conference Daughters of the Amer- 
ican Rev<dution to the end that as a State Conference this organiza- 
tion fall in line with the Woman's Peace Movement in America and go 
on record as favoring universal peace among nations and the aboli- 
tion of militarism. («gned) Lucy H. Norton; Pattie 0. Rhodes, Re- 
gent; Com." 

Later, on Jan. I. 1920, when "Old Glory" chapter D. A. R. met In 
ttie home of Mrs. W, W. Campbell, Mrs. Norton made motion that, 
while public opinion is crystalizing on the subject, "Old Glory" Qiapter 
Daughters of the American Revolution go on record as favoring a 
speedy ratification of the Peace Treaty and League of Nations Cove- 
nent by the United States Senate. This motion carried. Mrs. Morton, 
when reaching home, wrote a short report of "Old Glory" Chapter for 
the Daughters of the American Revolution Magazine, and this was pub- 
lished in the March, 1920, number of magazine. It can be found on 
page 169. 

Mrs. Morton served as secretary of Franklin Chapter No. 14 Dau!!h- 
ters of the Confederacy under Mss Annie Claybrooke's regency. She 
and Miss Claybrooke designed the medal to be presented in the schocds 
in FrankNn for best papers on Confederate history. 

Mrs. Norton wrote for Confederate Archives, during Mrs. Owen 
Walker's term as State Historian V. D. C, a history of the "Shdby 
Greya," Company A, Fourth Regiment Tennessee Infantry. This was 
(he company to which her husband belonged. She was indebted to 
Mr. James Beasley, of Memphis, for mnch data. 

She also filed in Confederate Archives a sketch of Henry Cteibome 
Morton's life, and her own "Reminisences of the War between the 
States." All of these papers passed through the hands of the U D. C 
Chapter No. 14 at FrankKn, Tenn., and are Included In "Ifistorlcal Pa- 
pers United Daughters of the Confederacy, Tennessee IMvtsion, 1910- 

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In United States Daligbttra of 1812, Mrs. Horton is one of the 
diarter members of Thomaa Hart Benton Chapter at Franklin, Tenn 
This order she entered through her grandfather, Captain John Hughes 
(1776-1860), who served both in civil and military lif-;. He was a 
member oi Virginia legislature in 1798, at time 3f passage of the famous 
Madison Resolutions, and later. John Hughes (1776-1860) was an en- 
listed soldier in War 1812. Mrs. Morton's work as State Historian of 
U- S. Daughters of 1812 takes the form of "Soldiers of World War Who 
Are Descendants of Heroes 3f Former Wars." 

Her membership in patriotic orders is in unbroken chain from Co- 
lonial days to time of War between the States. 

During the Spanish-American war she worked through the Army 
Comfort Circle which was organized by Mrs. Henry F. Beaumont, July 
12, 1898. 

Worid War Work 

Lucy H. Horton became a member of the Red Cross Society in 
Franklin, Tenn., which organized for active work soon after America 
was declared to be in a state of war with Germany. She 'was a mem- 
ber of the executive tward. When the Williamson county branch of 
the Council of National Defense was organized by Miss Susie Gentry 
in Franklin in Aug., 1917, she was elected honorary vice-chairman. She 
was a member of Army Comfort Circle, also organized by Miss Gentry 
in 1917. She knit seventy-two articles for soldiers and made forty- 
three articles for soldiers. She made public talks throughout the coun- 
ty during Red Cross drives and Liberty Loan drives, etc. She collected 
data of Williamson county war work; and, as State Historian U. S. 
Daughters of 1812, has written many names of soldiers of World war 
who are descendants of soldiers of former wars, and has given sketch- 
es of them. All of this will be filed tn the State Archives and in Ar- 
chives of U. S. Daughters of 1812 at Washington, D. C. 

When "Old Glory" chapter met. May 6, 1920. Mrs. Lucy H. Horton 
was elected delegate from this chapter to tfie League of Women Vot- 
ers which was to be launched at the Capitol in Nashville, Tenn., May 
18, 1920. 

Mrs Horton joined the M. E. Church, South, at Old Douglas, when 
twelve years old. While living in Montgomery, Alabama, she was a 
member of Court street Methodist church, during Mr. Andrew's pas- 
torate. He was a son of Bishop Andrew. She has only one child, 
Saltie Horton, who married Edward E. Green, a banker of Franklin. 

Lucy Henderson Horton In 

Sixth in descent from Thomas Henderson, who came ta Jamestown, 

Va., In 1607. 
Sixth in descent from Ensign Washer, member of House of Burgesses 

in 1619. 

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Fifth in descent from Richard Henderean, who married Polly Washer, 

daughter Ensign Washer. 

Fourth in descent from Samuel Henderson (1700-1783), of GnnviOe 
county, N. C 

Third in descent from Nathaniel Henderson, Revolutionary soldier. 

Second in descent from Samuel Henderson, Revolutionary soldier. 

Third in descent from Colond Archehius Hughes, of the Revolution. 

Fourth in descent from Leander Hughes, of Goochland county, Va. 

Fifth in descent from Orlandar Hughes, of Goochland county, Va. 

Fourth in descent from Samuel Dalton (1609-1802), of Rockingham 
county, N. C 

Tliird in descent from Captun, later Rev. William Martin, a Revolu- 
tionary soldier, brother of Gen. Joseph Martin and of Col. Jack 
Martin, of "Rock House." 

Fourth in descent from Joseph Martin and his wife, Susanna Chiles. 

Fifth in descent from John Chiles. 

Sixth in descent irom Walter Chiles II, member of House of Burgesses. 

Seventh in descent from Walter Chiles 1, and his wife, Mary Page. 

Eighth in deKent from CoL John Page, member of the King's CoundL 

Same Horton Orcen 

SalUe Horton. the only child of Henry Claiborne Horton and his 
wife, Lucy Henderson, ^ent the first ten years of her life in southern 
Alabama, in and near Montgomery, where her parents were then living. 
At ten years of age she entered school in Nashville Tenn., at a smaH 
private schoc^, and the next year she was in school at Mrs. Clark's 
suburban schod. Later her parents bought a home in Franklin, Tenn. 
Here she attended the Tennessee Female College, which was the 
Alma Mater of her mother. She was married to Edward E. Green, 
cashier and general manager of the National Bank of FrankBn. They 
have two daughters, Lucy Henderson Green and Marion Hyde Green. 
TTiese two girls were educated in a small private school in Franklin 
and both attended and graduated at Battle Ground Academy under Dr. 
R. O. Peoples. Later Lucy H. Oreen was for one year in school at 
National Park Seminary, Washington, D. C. The following year she 
was in school at Ward-Belmont, Nashville, Tenn., where she graduated. 
In May of this year she was honored by being crowned May Queen. 
She was made President of the Twentiefli Century Qub,. a social dub. 
and was Assistant Editor of "Mile Stones," the School Annual. Marian 
Green is also atten(ting Ward-Belmont 

Henry OBlbome Horton <1835-19I4) 

Henry Claiborne Horton was twrn near Bethesda, in Williamson 
county, Tenn., Dec. 23, 1835. 

In the early years of the nineteenth century two brothers, Oai- 
bome Horton (bom 1780), the grandfather of the subject of our sketch, 
and Henry Cato Horton (bom al>out 1781). moved from Hanging Rock, 
near Camden, S. C, to what was then Davidson county, Tenn., set- 

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tling near Bethesda. In 1S50 Henry C. Norton (born 1781), father of 
Mrs. Edward H. East, Claiborne and William Horton, JHrs. Miranda 
^larpe, Mrs. Sallie Lavender, etc., carried tais family to Memphis, Tenn.; 
to live. In 1858 Henry HoUis Horton (1811-1881),8on of Claiborne Hor- 
ton, following ills uncle, moved with his family to make his home In 
Memphis. He engaged in the mercantile business, and was a member -sf 
the Chamber of Commerce at time of opening of war between flie 
States (see Art Supplement to the House Warming Edition of the 
Evening Scimitar, 1903, page 56. in article headed, "When Memphis 
Merchants Formed First Exchange"). 

In Memphis, Henry Claibsrne Horton (1835-1914), son of Henry 
Hollis Horton, enlisted in the Confederate army in 1861, becoming a 
member of ^Iby Greys, Company A., Fourth Regiment, Tennessee 
Infantry, Strahl'a Brigade, Cheatham's Division, Army of Tennessee. 
The "Shelby Greys" were organized in Feb., 1861. They drilled in 
Irving Block. The officers were: Captain James Somerville; First 
Lieut. Luke W. Finlcy; Second Lieut. W. R. Hutchison; Third Lieut 
Thomas H. Francis. They were mustered into the State service at 
Germantown, Tenn., May 15, 1861. Before this date the "Shdby 
Greys" were ordered d^wn the river to qudl a negro uprising. So 
this man saw service before Tennessee seceded. I will quote from the 
Commercial Appeal of May l.t. 1909. This was when the Confederate 
Veterans held a reunion tn Memphis. This quotation is from article 
entitled. "Forty-Eight Years Ago Today": "The Shelby Greys were 
Memphians. Their members were from the most distinguished hml- 
Ees of this cHy. They gave a good account ol themselves during the 
war. There were many transfers from their company and most of 
these were in the nature of promotion to other v-ganizations. The 
organisation was in eighteen pitched battles and was under fire al- 
host every day during the advance of Sherman from Chattanooga to 
Atianta. When Hood cut loose from Atlanta and came north, the com- 
pany was part of his army and was In the fights at FrankUn and Nash- 

Henry Morton's mess-mates were James E. Beasley, who after 
two years was promoted to Gen. Strahl's staff; Bevely Thurman was 
Morton's bed-felbw. He was a musician. He had a si^ndld voice 
and started out to the war with a guitar and violin, but goon lost these,- 
W. H. Wheaton and two Torian brothers. Thurman's negro servant 
cooked for their mess. Two other of these men carried body servants. 
The battles in which he engaged were: Belmont, Mo.; Shitoh, Tenn.; 
Perrywlle. Ky,; Murfreeslioro, Tenn.; Chickamauga, Tenn.; Mistionary 
Ridge. Tenn.; Resacca, Ga.; Rocky Face Ridge, Oa.; New Hope Church, 
Ga.; Elsbury Mountain, Ga.; Atlanta (July 22), Oa.; Atlanta (July 28), 
Ga.; Jonesboro. Ga.: Franklin, Tenn.; Nashville, Tenn. (see record 
made by Mr. James E. Beasley, in Memphis Commercial Appeal, May 
15, 1909. In article entitled, "Forty-Hght Years Ago Today"). 

The first man killed in the company at lh« battie of Shiloh was an 

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orderly sergeant who sio^ just behind Mr. Horton. A cannon ban 
ricochetted and struck this man, killing him inslrntly. 

Once, after the Battle of Murfreesboro, when no danger was suj- 
pected, Capt. Francis and several of his men, among them Henry rior* 
ton, were lying down under a tree when a cannon ball was hurled 
among them and wounded Capt. Francis in the foot. The wound was 
so serious his foot was amputated. On a following day Hortor and 
an Irishman were under a tree and a cannon ball burst over their heads 
and part of it struck the Irishman, scattering his brains on Horton. In 
telling of this incident Mr. Horton laconically remarked, "I got away 
from that tree." 

Perhaps the closest call he had was at the battle of Missionary 
Ridge. I will give an account of his experience here as dictated hy 
himself and over his signature: About three hundred men, he among 
the numtwr. were detailed to go into the valley and support a nickct 
line. The pickets fell back to the main line on the ridge While await- 
ing orders these men got into a deep rifle pit near the base of the ridge. 
From this pit they watched the Federal regiment, tlire^ lines deep, ad- 
vance toward them. The fire from these men in the trench was most 
deadly. It looked as if half the regiment of federally went down. This 
fire was kept up for about twenty minutes. Hardly a man in the 
trench was killed. But before the flanking enemy they had to retreat. 
Some of the men surrendered. This little band under hot fire had a 
sttep ridge to climb. While doing this about half of the three hundred 
lost their lives. It sets one thinking of Tennyson's "Charge of the 
Light Brigade," so hazardous was the run. On the run up the ridge 
Henry Horton was struck by a bullet in rebound from a little tree. 

Mr. Horton stood i»cket near Spring Hill the night before the 
Battle of Franklin. The next morning he captured a Federal and took 
his horse. He rode the horse beside his Colonel who was killed on 
Franklin's field that day. He asked of his Colonel permission to virit 
his grandmother, who lived near Franklin. This was granted. But 
later in the day seeing that a battle was imminent, he hitched this horse 
behind a rock fence just beyond where Mr. James Rodes now lives 
(1914), and entered with his regiment in battle. Here he fought at 
the locust thicket, where the battle was most fierce, and was among the 
Conledr-ates who climbed the breastworks of the enemy. Next morn- 
ing he found his horse where he had left him. He made a short visit 
to his grandmother. She had ready for him a splendid suit of Federal 
clothes from which she had cut the U. S. buttons and had put on oth- 
ers, and which she had dyed beautifully. 

At Nashville he was sent out with others on the skirmi^ line, and 
during Hie fight, unknown to these men, the main body fell back. 
When this skirmish line was ready to retreat they found themselves 
alone. Inclose proximity to the enemy. Some immediately surrendered, 
but Henry Horton endeavored to escape, and was shot in the back, 
his knapsack saving his life. Thus he was captured by the enemy. 

In the lining of his clothes he had slipped gold coins which served 

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him many a good turn while a prisoner at Camp Douglas, near Chi- 
cago. The night of his capture he and many other prisoners were 
made to stand in the rain in a muddy horse lot all aigiA. 

In April, 1865, he started on exchange. They learned after leav- 
ing Camp Douglas of Lee's surrender. These men were stt^ped at 
Point Lookout, Maryland, and held there until the middle of July. 

His father, an intense Southern sympathizer, with many other 
Tennesseans, bad refugeed in South Alabama, near \Vetumpka. Here 
Henry Horton went And since it was mid-Summer and too late to 
put in a crop, he rafted lumber on the Alabama river to i^ntgomery. 
With the first money he made he paid a detrt contracted while in pris- 
on. In Alabama he married his first wife, Sallie Jackson, daughter of 
Absolem Jackson, of Elmore county, Ala., of a noted Southern family. 
She had five brothers in the Confederate army. He married his seond 
wife, Lucy Flenderson, daughter of Dr. Samuel Henderson (1804-1884), 
of Franklin, Tenn., in 1878. 

Mr. Horton said that during the war he never really suffered for 
s-imething to eat. Sometimes his " rations" were meager but he would 
eke out his little store. He said, too, that he never saw the time when 
hi> cnuld not have one clean shirt 

Lieutenant Beverly Thurman was kiHed at Battle of Jonesboro. 

Entered by Lucy Henderson Horton, his wile; Sallie Horton Oreen, 
daughter; March 14, Idl4. 

The above sketch of Henry Claiborne Horton is included In War 
Records of Tennesseans to be tiled in Tennessee History Building by 
Tennessee Woman's Historical Association. 

In addition to the war record of Henry Claiborne Horton, I would 
like for posterity to have a more intimate knowledge of the man's per> 
sonal character. He was a man ol medium height, and of athletic 
build. When seventy-five years old, he stepped along with the elas- 
ticity of a hoy. He always looked much younger than he really was. 
Perhaps this was owin^ to the fact that he lived much in the open air. 
While in Alabama his plantation, which was on the Alabama river and 
Jackson's lake, several miles from his home, necessitated a ride al- 
most everv day. Then he owned cattle which ranged over a large 
ttrritory, and he would ride many miles, sometimes on horseback, 
snmetimes in his buggy, keeping an eye on his cattle. The four years 
of the War between the States when the sky was the only roof above 
his head, caused him to fall in love with outdoor 1ih> 

In his business dealings he was as honest as the day is long, f 
recall an instance where he once sold a grey horse. The prospective 
purchaser was much pleased with the animal and offered him a certain 
price. But Mr. Horton pointed out its defects and the sale ended in 
the purchaser paying less for the horse than he himself had at first 
proposed. Both men, however, seemed satisfied. He always paid 
c^sh for everything, and when he died he did not owe a debt to any 
man. He was a man of very positive and decided character. One 
always knew exactly where he stood. At the time of the Democratic 

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revolt in Tennessee, in 1910, he was one of the old Confederate vet- 
eran who marched through the streets of Nashville to the convention 
hall when the Democratic party was reorganized. He was given a 
sc-at on the platfonn and was heartily in accord with the movement. 
This was a spontaneous call all over the State for purer government. 

Negroes, without exception, loved to work for him, although he 
had the ante-bellum Southern way of ordering them around. They 
knew he was their friend. Besides, negroes like a decided and posi- 
tive character, especially when it is tempered with justice. 

Henry Claiborne Horton, we think, is a lineal descendant of Bar- 
nabas Horton, the Pilgrim father, who was bom in 1600 in Mousley, 
Leicestershire, England, and who was son of Joseph Horton. Barnabas 
came to Atassachu setts in 1635, in a vessel called the "Swallow." In 
Ifi40 he went with twelve other Puritans to L^ng Island, and they 
founded Southold. Eleanor Lexington tells us that "any Horton of 
today who can hark back to Barnabas is eli^ble to Colonial Societies, 
lor Barnabas was a magistrate and member of the court." We wilt 
{live his line of descent from Barnabas Horton as closely as we are 

Authorities: Horton Genealogy, published in 1876 together with 
supplements; "Spirit of 76" for April 1902, page 267; Frances Cowle^ 
genealogist, in Nashi'ille Banner tor Feb. 27, 1919. page 10; Eleanot 
Lexington, genealogist. 

From "Spirit of 76" for April. 1902, in article "Oeneatogical Guide 
to the Eariy Settlers of America," page 267, we find — "Horton: Bar- 
mbas Horton, Hampton 1640, went to Southold, L. I. 1662; favored 
Conn., and was next year made officer."" 

In this most i:eliable magazine, "Spirit of 76," one can see refer- 
ences in regard to Barnabas Horton and several contemporaries of 
name Horton as follows: 

References: Bwrd's Historv of Rev. N. V., 415-5; Ban^r M. 
Hist. Mag. V, 197; Etv Gen., 25; Horton Fam. Gathering (1876). 13 
p p.; Horton Oea (1S76). 259 p p., supplement (1870), 80 p p.; Wil- 
liams Hist. Danbury, Vt. 167. 

!n Dictionary of United States HistDry by Jameson on page 377 
the statement hi made that "the English settled the eastern portion of 
Long Idand. N. Y., in 1640:" 

1. Barnabas Horton; t>orn In Mousley, Leicestershire, England, 
died at Southold, Long Island, New York, in IfiSO (see page 9 of Honni 
Genealogy). The tombstone which marks his grave at his old home 
a'so proves this. 

2. Joshua; son of Barnabas Horton, was bom at Southold, L. I. 
in 1643; married, 1667, Mary FurthelL She died in 1729 (see page 
II Horton Genealogy). 

3. Joshua Horton; Ensign, was son of Joshua Horton and bis wife, 
Mary Furthell. He was born at Southold, L. I., in 1669, He married 
finit, EKzabeth Orover, second, a widow. Mary Gillam. He died in 
1744 (see page 170, Horton Genealogy). 

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4. Ephriam Horton, son of Ensign Joshua Horton; married Martlia 

5. Joseph Horton, son of Ephriam Horton and his wife, Martha 
Vail; was born at Southold, 1708. 

6. Joshua Horton, son of Joseph Horton; was bom 1730 (see page 
170, Horton Genealogy), 

(We think that this is Joshua Horton, the explorer, who came to 
what is now Tennessee in 1766 with Col. James Smith, of Pennsyl- 
vania, and Uriah Stone, for whom Stones river was named, and Wm, 
Baker and a negro servant. They named Cumberland mountains and 
Cumberland river in honor of the Duke of Cumberland. 

Joshua Horton was the first patentee of land in what is iiow Ten- 
nessee (see page 125, History of Tennessee, Goodspecd Publishing 

The Hortons of whom we write claim descent from Joshua Hurton. 
Ae explorer. So, if this man is the explorer, it makes connection to 
emigrant ancestor straight. 

Smith gave such gbwinjr account of this country that Isaac Linsey 
and four others from South Orolina visited the place (see J. 0. Cisco 
ii< Nashville American, May 1. 1904). The Hortons of whom we vrite. 
came to Tennessee from Han^ng Rock, South Carolina.) 

7. William Horton, son of Joshua Horton; was born in 1758. He 
has descendants of name Ephriam. 

8. Claiborne Horton, Bon ot William Horton, was bom 1779; mar- 
ried Margaret Ingram, of South Carolina. 

9. Henry Hollig Horton, son Df Claiborne Horton; was born 18 — ; 
married his cousin, Rebecca Horton, daughter of Amos Horton. 

10. Henry Claiborne, son of Henry HoUis Horton and his wife, 
Rebecca Horton; was bom Dec. 23, 1835; married, first, Sallie Jackson, 
of Alabama; second, Lucv Henderson, of Franklin, Tenn. He died Aug. 
19, 1914. His only child is Sallie Hortsn Green, wife of Edward E. 

William Horton, son of Joshua Horton. was bom in 1758. He mar- 
ried and two of his sons came from Hanging Rock. S. C, near Camden, 
to what is now Williamson county, Tenn., in the closing years of the 
eighteenth or eariy years of the nineteenth century and settled near 
Bethesda. This part of Tennessee was known at that time as Davidson 
county. These sons were Henry Cato Horton, grandfa^er of Mrs. 
Nathaniel Baxter, of Nashville, Tenn., and father of Mrs, Edward H. 
East, of Nashville, Tenn. The other son of William Horton who came 
to Williamson county, Tenn.. was Qaiborne Horton. grandfather of 
Henrv Claibome Horton (1835-1914). 

Sally Horton, daut+ter of Rev. Henrv Cato Horton (bom 1781). 
was bom at Bethesda. Williamson county. Tenn,, in 1R27. She married 
Fletcher Lavender, and they moved to Mtrnphis. Tenn.. where their 
only child, Laura Lavender, was born in July, 1849. She married Hon, 
Nnthaniel Baxter, of Nashville, Tenn. 
Children of Hon. Nathaniel Baxter and his wife, Laura Lavender: 

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«» fiXND£BSOA 

Antsnda Bnter; married Robert Jackaoo, of NsskrO^ TemL 

LoOic Baxter; muried Robert AUttox, Attanta. Ga. 

Botb of tbese listen bad aoiu wbo <btingiiuhed thcauelves id tbe 
Woild war. Baxter Jadu^n, son of Robert Jacksoa aod his wife, 
Amanda Baxter, was Captain in command of a company in IMtb Field 
Artillery uiilil the agning of tbe armistice. He was then detacbed from 
bis cornnand and sent to Bourges, Belgimn, where be was asngned tt» 
duty in tbe Central Records Office of tlie American Expeditionary 
Forces, bdng in charge of tbe casualty department of tiiat ofSce. In 
ldI9 he was promoted to rank of Maior in tbe Field Artillery service. 
After returning to Nashville Major Jacfcsoo became asnstant casUcr of 
the Cumbefland Valley National Bank. In 1920 be lefl NasbvSe for 
New York Oty to become Assistant Cashier of the Chemical National 
Bank of that city. 

Robert Maddoz,o| Atlanta, Ga., son of Rot>ertMaddox and his wife, 
Lodie Baxter, served in France. He continued with the Anieric:.ii Ex- 
peditionary Forces after the anntstice was signed. Later l.e entered tbe 
banking business in Atlanta, Ga. When bankers formed tbe Cotton 
Export Corporation in Oct., 1920, we fitid him taking an inffucniial part. 

This family has inherited the old English love cf nature. This 
finds expression in their splendid country homes, that of Mr. Nathsirief 
Baxter near Nashville, and 'Woodhaven," (he country home of Robert 
F. Ma<!dox, near Atlanta, Ga. 

The home of Mrs. Edward H. East, in Nashville, has been the 
scene of many brilBant entertainments. Sht was one of the firsr mem- 
bers of tbe W. C. T. U. in Nashville, and was a persona] friend of 
Prances E WiOard. She promoted the estabGshment of the Y. W. C. 
A. building in Nashville. 

Judge Edward H. East, husband of Ida Tennie Horton, was a law- 
yer of exceptional ability. He had signal success both in chancery and 
as a criminal attorney. Andrew Johnson, while Preadent of United 
States, who knew well this man's ability, oRered him a position in his 
cabinet; but Judge East declined the offer. This was in the hard re- 
construction days and Judge East said his family needed the money he 
could make at the practice of law. This was more tfian bis salary 
would be as a cabinet official. 

Horton Coal ol Anna 

A lion rampant, argent, charged on the breast with a boar's bead, 
couped, azure; a bordure engraved of the second. 
Crest: A red rose seeded and barbed proper. 
Motto: "Pro Rege et Lig«" (For IGng and Law). 

Gov. James D. Porter is a descendant of Barnabas Horton. 

Edward Edmund Oreea 
Edward Edmund Green, son of Joe John Green and bis wife, 
Elizabeth Hyde (daughter of Edmund and Jane Hyde), was bom Feb. 

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14, 1864. He was educated in the Campbell School in Franklin, Tenn. 

In 1881 he entered the National Bank of Franklin, 'The Old Bank." 
And after the retirement of Mr. J. L. Parkes he became cashier and gen- 
eral manager of this bank. He was Captain of "Perkins' Rifles," a 
Franklin military company; member of Methodist Episcopal Church, 
South, and was for twenty-five years Steward in same; for twenty-five 
years member of the Municipal Boartl in Franklin, Tenn.; a Mason; a 

By his first marriage, to Emma Lillie, he had one child. Bates LiT- 
lie Green. By his second marriage, to Sallie Horton, in Dec., 1900, he 
had two children, Lucy Henderson Green and Marian Hyde Green. 

During the World war he was County Chairman of Williamson 
County Liberty Loan Committee for 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4tfi Liberty Loan 
Bonds, and for the 5th, or Victory Loan Bonds; and Williamson county 
paid more than her quota in eacn loan. Upper rooms of the National 
Bank building were handed over to workers for the Red Cross from 
the time America entered the war until May, 1919. This was done at 
his suggestion, free of cost. He contributed in many ways to war re- 
lief. He also has done much for the destitute poor in his county. He is 
public spirited and has done much to build up his town. 

Edward E. Green inherited from his father a Masonic certificate 
which had been given to his grandfather, Sherwood Qreen, at War- 
renton (Bute or Warren county, N. C,> in the year of Masonry 5801. 
I'his certificate was framed and hung for years in home of E. E. 
Green. Warren county was cut off from Bute county, N. C. It is a 
border county to Virginia. And we see in Vol. 6, Virginia Magazine 
of History and Biography, page 525 and 26, that Col. John Green, 
Lieut. Robert Green and Gabriel Green were members of the Virginia 
Society of Cincinnati. 

E. E. Green inherits from his father a Masonic apron which was 
originally given by Gov. James Turner to his ancestor, Sherwood 
Green. Sherwood Green and Thomas E. Sumner, son of Gen. Jethro 
Sumner, came to Williamson county, Tenn., from Warren county, N. 
C. Their wills are both recorded at the court house in Franklin, Tenn. 

We will ^ve Edward E. Green's line of descent: 

Authorities: Wheeler's History of North Carolina; North Carolina 
Register, 1900-1901; Virginia Afeigazine of History and Biography, Vol 
6, etc.; Old family Bible record; Masonic certificate which was g^ven 
to Sherwood Green at Warrenton, N. C, in year of Masonry 5801; 
"Who's Who in Tennessee;" "Culpepper County Virginia" by Raleigh 
T. Green, published in 1900. 

Edward Edmunds Green, bom Feb. 14, 1864 is son of 

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Joe John Green, born 1824, and his wffe, Marion EGzabetb 
Hyde. He served during the War between the Stales 
(1861-65) in Clayburn's Brigade. His second wile was 
Nettie Claric, daughter of Dr. William Clark, of Tennes- 
see. Dr. Clark was at one time owner and editor of 
NashviDe Banner, and was State Health Officer. He was son 

Sherwood Green, bom in Warren county. North CaroGna, in 
1791. He moved lo WiUiamson county, Tenn. He was 
son of 

Thomas Robert Green. He was son of 

James Green and his wife, Elizabeth Jones. James Green was bom in 
Culpepper county, Va., and here died. His son, Thomas 
Robert, moved to Warren county, N. C James Green 
was son of 

Robert Green, bom 1695, and his wife, Eleanor Dunn, of Scotiand. He 
came with his father io King George county, Va. He 
took up large tracts of land in 1735 in what was, in 1712^ 
Essex, in 1721 Spottsyhania county, but in' 1749 was 
Culpepper county. He was son of 

William Green, the emigrant, an Engfishman, who was an officer in 
the bodyguard of William Prince of Orange (see "Cul- 
pepper County Virginia," page 61, etc., by Green, pnt>- 
lisbed in 1900). 

We are told, in tlie old Green manuscript, that Sherwood Green, 
who moved from Warren county, N. C, to Williamson county, Tenn., 
had a large family of children, and at his death left each child six hun- 
dred and forty acres of land. The books at the court house in Franklin, 
Tenn., show that he possessed much valuable land. This branch of 
family was related to men of Turner name of Warren county, N. C 
Governor Turner was of this connection. 

Hartwell Hyde, of this family connection, an officer in the Revolu- 
tionary war, came from Halifax county, N. C, to Williamson county, 
Tenn., in \?KQ. His daughter, Haley Jane Hyde, married Gabriel Fowl- 
kes, near Triune, Tenn., March 27, 1806. Hartwell Hyde's father and 
nKither died in Hale, Northhampton county. Hartwell Hyde enlisted 
in the American army either in Halifax or Northampton county. Mrs. 
R. Fowlkes Michail, of Parma, Missouri, says (1920) "We have an old 
military commission dated July 4, 1794, at Newbum, N. C, and signed 
by the Governor and Secretary of State of North Carolina, wliereby 
Hartwell Hyde is made Captain of Militia of Halifax County." Her 
father was a cousin of Mr. R P. Fowfkes, of Franklin, Tenn., and of 
E. E. Green, of Franklin, Tenn. H. P, Fowlkes was a member of Sons 
of the American Rev<Hution through his ancestor, HartweO Hyde. 

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Joe J. Creen, father of E. E Green, was a cousin of Isham Ofeen 
Harris. Isham Creen Harris was Governor of Tennessee three times. 
In 1848 he was made a Congressman. He served for years as United 
States Senator, retiring in 1901. 

Judge mebmtd Headenoii (1735-1785) 

Richard Henderson, son of Samuel Henderson (1700-1783) and his 
wife, Elizabeth Williams, was born in Hanover county, Va., April 20i 
1739l In Wheeler's History of North Carolina, page 102, we are lold 
that "his ancestors by his father's »de were from Scotland, and his 

mother's side (Williams) from Wales His early education was ls 

fniod as the slate of the country afforded. He studied law with his 
cousin, the late Judge Williams, for twelve months When he applied 
for license to the Chut Justice of Hie colony, whose duty it was to 
Kxamine applicants, and on his certificate a license to practice was is- 
sued by the Governor, he was a^ed how long he had read, and what 
books? When the limited time was stated, and the number of books 
he had read, the Judge remarked that it was useless to gs into any 
examination, as no living man could have read and digested the works 
he had named in so short a time. With great promptness and firmness, 
young Henderson replied that it was his privilege to apply for a li- 
cense, and the Judge's duty to examine him; and, if he was not quali- 
fied, to reject him; if qualified, to grant the certificate. The Judge, 
struck with his sensible and sjririted reply, proceeded to a most search- 
mR examination. So well did the ysung man sustain himself that the 
certificate was granted, withencomiums upon his industry, acpuirements 
and talents. He soon rose to the highest ranks of his profession: and 
honor and wealth followed." 

iRichard Henderson was app<^nted by the Crown one of the Su- 
preme Judges of North Carolina, Martin Howard being Chief Justice, 
and Richard Henderson and Maurice Moore, Associate Justices, They 
held their office until 1773 when, because of troubled times in political 
matters, the courts were closed. 

This man, with mind ever on the alert, the following year, 1774, 
organized the Transylvania Company, consisting of Richard Henderson 
and John Williams of Granville county, N. C; William Johnston and 
James Hogg; Thomas Hart, John Luttrell and Nathaniel Hart of Orange; 
while teonidas Henly Bullock, of Granville, and David Hart, of Orange, 
held hatf-shares, making eight shares in all. The company signed a 
treaty with the Cherokees, March 17, I77S, at Sycamore Shoals on 
WautauKa river. Oen. Joseph Martin was attorney for the company and 
entry taker for the Powell's valley division of the purchase. Transyl- 
vania consisted of Kentucky and Tennessee as far south as the Cum- 
beriand river, and a comer of southwestern Vir^nia. 

On the occasion of the purchase Oconostota, a Cherokee orator, 
called Chief Warrior and head prince of the Cherokee nation, made an 
eK'vquent and pathetic appeal to his people to hold their lands. But, 
in spite of this the treaty was signed. Oconostota's elegant Indian 



treaty pitcher, called "the pitcher of the Chiefs," used at tiiis time, 
can be seen now in the rooms of the Tennessee Historical Society at 
Watkins building, Nashville, Tenn. It is of beautiful blue ware. This 
pitcher was presented to the Historical Society by Mrs. James K. 
Polk. The writer is very proud that, as early as 1906, she wrote to 
Miss Dasha at Washington, a prominent D. A. R., seeking her aid in 
having Sycamore Shoals on Wautauga river marked as the spot on 
which the Transylvania treaty was made by Judge Richard Henderson 
and others with the Cherokees. Also as the site on which the over- 
mountain men rendezvoused before doing battle at King's Mountain. 
Proof that Mrs. Horton had located this historic site and six other im- 
fortant sites can he seen in American Mionthly Magazine for Ndv., 1903, 
pages 347-352. One of the proud achievements of Bonnie Kate, Syca- 
more Shoals and John Sevier Chapters D. A. R., was to erect a monu- 
ment at Sycamore Shoals on Wautauga river bearing inscription to 
mark these events. On occasion of the unveiling of this monument, 
in June, 1910, our U. S. Senator Robert L. Taylor, who was bom al- 
most on this identical spot, was orator of the day. 

The government of Transylvania was patterned after that of the 
Carolinas — it was a proprietary government, and Richard Henderson 
was the first of the Proprietors. In Carolina this would have consti- 
tuted him Palatine, just as the Duke of Albemarie was Palatine in 1669, 
or John, Lord Berkley, later, etc. However, Transylvania was short- 
lived, and things were not consummated. Edward Hyde, Earl of Clar- 
endon, who had been Lord Chancellor of England, was one of the 
proprietors of Carolina, In proprietary governments the proprietor per- 
formed those acts of government which in royal governments were 
performed by the crown. 

The diary kept by Richard Henderson while on his way to. and 
while in Transylvania, together with the address made by him at the 
opening of the first lepslative assembly in what Is now Kentucky, is 
found in its oriEfinal form in the Draper Manuscripts in the State Library 
at Madison, Wisconsin. Here is founud, too, IKchard Henderson's plan 
of old Boonsboro Fort. Much of this can also be found in North Caro- 
lina Booklet for January, 1904. In his diary he speaks of stopping 
several days at Martin's Station in Powell's Valley with Gen. Joseph 
Martin, because fhey could not go further with their wagons until 
Boone and a company of men had cleared a wagon road. 

He speaks several times of his brothers. Nathaniel and Samuel, 
being with him at Boonsboro, of their helning to build the fort, etc 
"Little or no iron wns used in the construction of Boonsboro Fort. At 
each corner was a two-story loop-hole blockhouse to act as a bastion. 
The stout log cabins, thirty in number, were arraneed in straight lines 
so that their outer rades formed part of the wall, the spaces between 
being filled with a hi-^ stockade." The fort was in the form of a 
parallelogram, about two hundred and fifty or sixty feet long, and half 
as wide. The houses had high, sloping roofs, made of huge clapboards 
and they were held in place by long poles fastened witii withes. Tlie 

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open space within the stockade served as a playground, muster field, 
etc. Here was kept a small school, where the wife of Kentucky's first 
Qovemor, Mrs. Isaac Shelby, was educated. She was a woman of fine 
mind and was well educated as is proved by a deposition in her own 
handwriting in the Madison Circuit Clerk's office at Richmond, Ky., 
in the case of Gay vs. Little. This could not be excelled for its beau- 
tiful penmanship, pure En^ish and exquisite refinement The daughter 
of the first Chief Justice and the wife of one of Kentucky's earliest At- 
torney-Generals were trained and reared in the fort. 

Around the walls of the old fortress were fought the battles that 
gave to Kentucky the name of "Dark and Bloody Ground." The fort 
had just been completed, in 1775, when the savage emissaries of Great 
Britain killed three of its inhabitants. This was followed, in 1776 and 
1777, by repeated assaults from the Indian alfies of King George 111 and 
his commandant at Detroit on the Lakes. Proclamations from the 
Chief of the British forces in Canada offering protection to all who 
would abandon the principles of our Revolutionary forefathers were 
fteely scattered around the fort. The officers were promised the same 
rank in the regular army of Great Britain which they had in Virginia 
or Carofina, but all was without avail to induce the men of Boonsboro 
to quit their allegiance to these States, or the cause of the young re- 
public. During the years from 1777 to 1782 they were furnished w^th 
arms and munitions by Virginia and participated in many skirmishes 
with the Indians led by trained Canadian officers. They constituted a 
small but an important part of the soldiery of Virginia in the remote 
West. Tours of military duty rang^'ng from three to nine months at a 
time were performed by many of them, for which some of %em ob- 
tained pensions at a later period as Revolutionary soldiers of the United 
States. They served under George Rogers Clark, James Barnett, John 
Montgomery, Richard May, Nathaniel Hart and others. Other com- 
patriots left the old pioneer fort on the Kentucky river for short periods 
of service and fought with Oen. Gates at Saratoga, or suffered with 
Washington at the battles of Still-water, Oermantown, Brandywine 
and Vorktown, or followed Isaac Shelby to victory at King's Mountain, 
North Carolina." 

Boonsboro chapter, D. A. R., of Kentucky, is composed almost 
entirely of descendants of the early settlers at Boonsboro. 

Two weeks after the rescue of Betsy Calloway from ttie Indians 
she was married to Samuel Henderson, brother of Judge Richard Hen- 
derson, and their daughter, Fannv, bom one year later, was the first 
white chifd bom on Kentucky soil. Fanny Henderson married Gilles- 

Fort Boonsboro was begun one day after the battle of Lexington 
was fought. They however, did not receive news of the battle until 
June following. Later on in this same year Lexington, Ky., some miles 
north of thin place, was founded and named In honor of the battle. 
We are glad to see that the name of Transylvania still lives in the 
name of the old University at Lexington. 

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In 1792, when Kentucky was admitted to the Union, Boonsboro 
was OIK of the largest towns in the State, but in 1810 it bad almost 
ceased to eicist, and now lor Ions years tias been a cornfiekL "Uium 
tuit." But tbe "divine elm," aa Richard Henderson called it, und^ 
which the convention was held in 1773, still stands in lonely grandeur, 
well guarded. I'his tree is twenty-two feet in circumference. 

When the ter-centennial of Jamestown was celebrated in 1907 ttae 
Kentucky building was replica of old Fort Boonsboro. As we strolled 
down the broad board walk on the water front at tbe Noridk exposi- 
tion and found that this fort was built In a dense grove of trees, just as 
the real fort of long ago stood, the delusion seemed perfect So much 
so, that we involuntarily looked about for the majestic elm, under which 
the first legislative assembly of what is now Kentucky met and made 
laws and elected a member to the Continental Congress. (Authorities 
for what is written regarding Boonsboro: Walter Clark, Chief Justice 
N. C; Mrs. Sallie Gibson Chenault; American Monthly Magazine for 
March, 1906; Stories of Great Americana for Little Americans, by Ed- 
ward Eggleston; Diary of Judge Richard Henderson.) 

We always like to know something of the social atmosphere in 
which people live. We are told in North Carolina Booklet for January, 
1915, page 122, that "In the middle years of the eighteenth century, 
attracted by the lure of rich and cheap lands, many families of Virginia 
gentry, principally from Hanover county, settled in the region ranging 
from Williamsboro on the east to Hillsboro on the west. Hither came 
the Hendersons, the Bullocks, the Williamsea, the Harts, the Lewises; 
the Taylors, the Bentons, the Penns, the Burtons, the Hares and ttie 
Sneeds. There soon arose in this section of the colony a society mark- 
ed by intellectual distinction, social graces, and the leisured dignity 

of the landlord and the large planter the quaint old diarist, Hugh 

McAdew, says of the people of this social group that 'they were a 
people with abundance of wealth and leisure for enjoyment.' From 
society came such eminent democratic figures as tite father-in^aw and 
preceptor of Henry Clay, Thomas Hart: his grandson, the "Old Bullion' 
and 'Great Pacifieator" of a later era, Thomas Hart Benton; Richard 
Henderson, known to his contemporaries as the Tatrick Henry of North 
Carolina:' John Penn, signer of the Declaration of Independence, etc." 

An English contemporary and acquaintance, in speaking of Rich- 
ard Henderson's practice and advocacy as a lawyer in the North Car- 
olina Superior Court, pays him this elevated tribute: "Even there, 
where oratory and eloquence are as brilliant and powerful as in West- 
minster Hall, he soon became distinguished and eminent, and his su- 
perior genius shone forth with great splendor and universal applause." 
Richard Henderson married the daughter of an Irish nobleman. Lord 
Georue Kelvnge. or Keeling. His law partner married the widow of 
Lord Keeling (see page 8, N. C. Booklet for July, 1917). 

James Hog?, who was elected delegate to the Continental Con- 
gress when this Transvlvania assembly met under "the divine elm tree." 
organized and enacted laws, was, the historian Battle tells us, "one of 



Hie most influential men of his day." He was a Scotchman of tlie same 
family as Ettrick Shepherd, and whose wife, MIcDowal Aives, was sec- 
ond cousin to Sir Walter Scott (see page 350, The Occupation of Ken- 
tucky, by Archibald Henderson). 

To prove something more of the social atmosphere in which Rich- 
ard Henderson lived, he was intimately associated with Judge Maurice 
Moore. The Supreme Bench of North Carolina in these colonial days 
was composed of Martin Howard, Richard Henderson and Maurice 
Moore. Maurice Moore was descended from an ancient Irish family 
of which the Marquis Drogheda was the head in 1834. His grand- 
ff.ther. Sir Nathaniel Moore, was Governor of the two Carolinas in 
1705. Maurice Moore also descended from the second child of James 

Moore and his wife, Yeamans, daughter of Sir John Yeamans, 

who established the city of Charleston and was Governor of the two 
Carolinas in 1670. Moore was Governor of the Carolinas in 1700 and 
I7I9 {see page 47, Wheeler's History of N. C, Brunswick Co.). 

Transylvania was short-lived. Gov. Martin, of N. C, declared the 
purchase illegal because made by individuals instead of the crown. The 
State of Virginia declared the same. But North Carolina granted the 
company 200.000 acres of this, and the State of Virginia granted the 
company 200,000 acres of land and the State of Tennessee made a 
, similar grant in Powell's Valley. In IT79 judge Henderson opened a 
land office at the French Lick, now Nashville, Tenn., for the sale of 
the company's lands. "The following summer he returned home, 
where in the tM>som of his friends and family he enjoyed the evening 
of life in peace and plenty." He died in GranvTlle county, N. C, Jan. 
30, 1785. 

Cnmberland Compact 

On page 175 of Andrew Jackson and Early Tennessee History, by 
S. 0. Keiskell, we find: "We are disposed to believe eventually Rich- 
ard Henderson may be shown (o deserve to stand in the same class with 
Cecil Rhodes and others. as developers and builders of new coun- 

Dr. Archibald Henderson, a lineal descent of Judge Richard Hender- 
son, in a speech made before a joint meeting of the Mis^s^ppi Valley His- 
torical Association and the Tennessee Historical Society in Nashville, 
Tenn.. April 27, 1916, took as his subject, "Richard Henderson: the Au- 
thorship of the Cumbeland Compact and the founding of 
Nashville." In this address Dr, Henderson contented that his ancestor, 
Richard Henderson, has the right to stand as a founder of Nashville by 
the side of James I7ohertson and lohn Donaldson. He was one of the 
founders of Boonsboro and of Nashville. 

Any one can readilv see that the Tntnsvlvania pnrchase, made by 
Col. Richard and his associates, and their efforts of settlement at Boons- 
boro, Ky., opened up the way for, and made the Cumberland settlement 

The Transylvania purchase from tl»e Cherokee Indians was made 

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at Sycamore Shoals on Watauga river, March 17, 1775. "TM Cumber- 
land Compact" was signed at Nashboroug, May 13, 1780. It was in 
the winter of '79 and '80 that Robertson and Donaldson came to Cum- 
berland. We have already seen that Richard Henderson had a land of- 
fice in this new settlement on the Cumberland river. 

John Donaldson, in his famous journal, makes references to Rich- 
ard Henderson. On March 31 he says, "Set out this day, and after rur. 
ning some distance met with Col. Richard Henderson, who was running 
the line between Virginia and North Carolina. At this meeting we were 
much rejoiced. He gave us every information we wished, and further 
informed us that he had purchased a quantity or corn in Kentucky to 
be shipped to the falls of the Ohio for the use of the Cumberland Settie- 
ment We are now without bread and are compelled to hunt the buffalo 
to preserve life." There is glory enough in the founding of Nashville for 
Robertson, Donaldson and Henderson, all. 

The Historian Putnam, in 1846, discovered the original document: 
"The Cumbeiland Compact." This is now preserved in the Archives ol 
the Tennessee Historical Society. Putnam says, "As Richard Henderson 
and the other members of the Transylvania Land Company were here at 
this juncture, April 1780, he, Henderson, was foremost in urging some 
form of government." 

Dr. Archibald Henderson says, "the Cumberland Compact is a mu- 
utal contract between the co-partners of the Transylvania Company and 
the settlers upon the land claimed by the company. The signiGcant 
Kature of the document is that it is an elaborate legal paper which could 
have been drafted only by one intimately versed in the intricacies of the 
law and its terminology. The indisputable fact that Richard Henderson, 
eminent as lawyer and jurist, was the only lawyer on the Cumberlamt 
in May 1780, and that his name heads the list of 230-odd signatures to 
the document known as the Cumberland Compact, has led one of the 
Justices of our Supreme Court, a deep Student of the early history of 
Tennessee, the Hon. Samuel C. Williams, to state in print (hat 'without 
serious doubt Judge Henderson was the draftsman of the compact of 

Mr. John H. DeWitt, President of Tennessee Historical Sodety, and 
W. A. Provine made affidavit on April 28, 1916. that the handwriting 
of this original "Cumberland Compact" is identical with that of Judge 
Richard Henderson's hand-writing on Salisbury court house records and 
in the original diary of Richard Henderson written In 1775. This dem- 
onstrates the fact that Judge Richard Henderson was t'le author of 
the Cumberiand Compact. One of the signatures to the Cumberiand 
Compact is that of Nathaniel Henderson, brother of Judge Richard 
Henderson. P. Henderson's name is also signed. 
Children of Richard Henderson and his wife, Ellzabefli Keeling: 

Fanny H.; born 1764: married Judge McCay, of Salisbury 

Richard; bom July, 176(1. 

Archibald; bom Aug.. 1768. 

Elizabeth H.; bom 1770; narrled Alexander. ' 

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H£WZ>£»SOif US 

Leonard; born 1772. 

John Lauson; born 1778. 

Ali four sons studied the profes»on of their father. Leonard Hen- 
derson became Chief Justice of North Carolina. Archibald attained 
distinction, became member of Congress, etc. 

Leonard Henderson 

Leonard Henderson, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the 
St: te of North Carolina, was, as we have said, a son of Judge Richard 
Henderson, who served under the crown as associate Judge of the Su- 
preme Court of North Carolina. Henderson, Ky., Henderson, N. C, and 
the county of Henderson are named in his honor. 

Fanny Henderson, daughter of Judge Leonard Henderson, married 
Dr. William V. Taylor, jvho was t>orn on James river in Va. One of their 
children, Lucy White Taylor, born in N. C, married Joel Addison Hayes, 
«f Nashville, Tenn., son of Oliver Bliss Hayes. Their son, Joel Addison 
Hayes, married Margaret Howell Davis, a daughter of Jefferson Davis, 
President of the Confederacy. Their son, Je^erson Davis Hayes, was 
bom in 1884. Their daughters are Varina Howell Hayes and Lucy 
White Hayes. 

When President Davts died in New Orleans in 1889 he left no son 
to perpetuate his name. While the dead chief of the Confederacy lay 
in state, this boy asked to be given his grandfather's name. The bishop 
of the State, deeply touched by the circumstance, amid an awed silence 
laid his hand on the child's head and another on the cold forehead of tiie 
President and said, "1 chasten thee Jefferson Davis." The change of 
name was later made entirety legal by legislative enactment of three 
States, Louisiana, Mississippi and Virginia. 

Young Jefferson Davis graduated from Princeton in 1907, and from 
Columbia as a mining engineer in 1911. He follo-ved this profession 
in the West for several years, and then settled at Colorado Springs as 
Assistant Cashier of the First National Bank of which his father was 
Presic'ent. and an eminently successful man. 

His first military experience was with the National Quard on the 
Mexican border as a gunman in a battery of field artillery, and before 
his company was mustered out he was promoted to the rank of first 
lieutenant. On the following August the battery entered the Federal 
service, and after a period of training was ordered overseas. The ves- 
sel on which it crossed the Atlantic was the Tuscania. when that ill- 
fated shto met disaster, but it reached an Irish port in safety, and 
Lieutenant Davis and his comrades crossed over to France in due 
course- A recent letter from the front describes his work as observa- 
tion officer for his battery. As such it was hts dtitv to go aloft in an 
anchored balloon, watch the fire of his guns and signal orders to the 

His friends say that Lieutenant Davis has inherited the indomitable 
spirit and stavin? power of his famous grandfather, and predict that 
he will win distinction as a soldier" (see Outlook). 

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The qmntaneity of tbe South's homage to memory of ber late 
President, Jefferson Davis, was seen by tiie writer in 1907 at time of 
Confederate reunion in Richmond, Va. Immense throngs were crowding 
the building of Confederate Museum, when in the North Caroliiu room 
it twcame known that these two men, J. Addison Hayes and his son, 
Jefferson Davis, were present Streams of people grasped the hands 
of these two men. The remark was heard, "This boy has a doutile 
attraction — he springs from the Hendersons of North CaroEna, and 
from our great President" 

Jefferson Davis married Dore DeWitt, daughter of Dr. and Mrs. 
Theodore DeWitt, of Broadmoor, a suburb of Colorado Springs, Dec 
23, 1910. Thdr son, Jefferson Davis, Jr., was bom Oct 21; 1911. 

Varina Howell Hayes, daughter of Joel Addison Hayes and his wile, 
Margaret Howell Davis, married Dr. Gerald B. Webb, of Colorado 
Springs. They have three children, two girls and one boy. Dr. Webb 
is a descendant of an English ducal family, we are told in Confederate 
Veteran for August, 1909. Margaret Varina, Gerald, Bertram and 
Robina are thrir children. "Dr. Webb is a specialist and has more than 
national reputation." 

Jefferson Davis, President Confederate States of America, is so 
well known, history is full of his achievements, but we cannot refrain 
from mentioning something of his home life. It is said that with his 
family and friends around him "he was seen at his best, and that best 
was the highest point of grace and refinement that the Southern char- 
acter has reached." 

Jefferson Davis took his university course in Lexington, Kentucky, 
a; old Transylvania Univeruty, where so many Southern boys were 

It s gratifying to note the fact that lune 3. 19lfi. the t08th birth- 
day anniversary of this man, was celebrated in U. S. Congress. Sec- 
tional feeling at that time had in large measure died out. Our entrance 
into the World war soon after unified the Nation. 

We will quote from the Confederate Veteran of August, 1909. 
written after the death of Marcaret Hayes, wife of J. Addison Hayes, 
v/ho had died luly 18, 1909: "Mhrgaret Davis was educated at a con- 
vent in Paris, where Margaret of Italy and Princess Marearet of Bava- 
ria were her closest friends. To distinguish her in this trio of "name- 
sakes" she was called Pearl, the meaning of her name, and that iewH 
entered largely into her life pleasures. The friendship of the three 
Margarets never was lost nor laid aside: 

Joel Addison Hayes survived his wife ten years. President Jeffer- 
son Davis and his family lie buried in beautiful Hollvwood Cemetery 
at Richmond, Virginia, and beside them lies Joel Addison Hayes. 

ArctdbaM Headenon (1768-1822) 

Authorities: North CaroBna Booklet for July, 1917, and for Oct., 
1917: Moore's History of North Carolina; Wheeler's History of North 
Carolina, etc 

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Archibald Hendenon, son ot the Colonial Judge Richard Henderson 
and his wife, Elizabeth Keeling, was born in Granville county, N. C, 
Aug. 7, 1768. From his father "he inherited the legal acumen and 
forensic brilliance which elevated Richard Henderson at the age of 
thirty-three to the highest court in the colony, and won for him the title 
of the 'Patrick Henry of North Carolina.' From bis mother, the daugh- 
ter of an Irish nobleman. Lord George Kelynge, Archibald derived that 
refreshing simplicity of manner and dignity of demeanor which were 
^gnal traits of his personality." 

He was educated at Springer College In Warren county. There 
were thirty pupils. Among them was Archit>ald Henderson's colleague 
in Congress, Robert Goodloe Harper. He studied law under hia close 
relative. Judge John Williams. In eariy life he went to Salisbury, at 
the behest of his sister, Fanny, who was the wife of Judge Spence Mc- 
Cay, of this place. He seems to have had devotion for his sister's 
family. When he entered Congress from this district, in 1799, he carried 
with him to niiladelphia his little niece, Betsy McCay, and placed her 
in school here. He writes her father, "I have frequently taken Betsy to 
the theatre and it would astonish you to see how she is pleased with 
the performances." He also says he had placed her in a dancing 
school. She afterward became the wife of Hon. William C. Love, of 

"During Hie Summer of 1801 there appeared a notice in the North 
Carolina Mercury and Salisbury Advertiser (Aug. €) announcing the 
'recent wedding of Archibald Henderson, Esq., Member of Congress, to 
the amiable Miss Sally Alexander, both of the town.' The union of the 
Henderson and Alexander families was doubly sealed by the marriage 
of William Lee Alexander, a native of Mecklenburg county, brother of 
Archibald Henderson's wife, with Elizabeth Henderson, Archibald Hen- 
derson's sister. In describing his acquaintances in Salisbury 
during th.! last decade of the century. Dr. Charies Caldwell 
says, Henderson had two sisters, by far the most accomplidied women 
of tiie place."' 

I am quoting from "A Federalist of the Old School," by Archibald 
Henderw>n (born 1877). 

Sarah and William Lee Alexander, whose brother was Dr. Na- 
thaniel Alexander, of Mechlenburg, a in^duate of Princeton, afterwards 
Member of Coneress and Governor of N. C, were the children of Col. 
Moses Alexander snd his wife, Sarah. dau0iter of Wm. and lane Tay- 
lor Alexander. This lane Tavlor Alexander was descended from lohn 
Alexander, the youngest son of the first Eari of Sterling, who married 
Miss Graham, of Oartmore, Scotland snd emigrated to America in 1659, 
settlins in Stafford county. Va., in 1660. 

"Ch'Wren of Archibald Henderson and his wife, Sarah Alexander, 
werer Roper, who died in infancv; Archibald and lane Caroline. Arch- 
ihotd: bom Ian. 8. 1811. was educated at Vale and at University of 
Vlrelnia. Dec. 1*. IMO. he married Mary Steele Ferrand. lane Car»- 
line married in IS45, Hon. Nathaniel Boynton, a native of Massachu- 


setts, afterwards a member of Congress from North Carolina, and As- 
sociate Justice of tlie North Carolina Supreme Court." 

Archibald Henderson had a large and lucrative practice of law, and 
Moore, the historian of North Carolina, pays tribute to this man. He 
says, "He was one of the ablest lawyers ever seen in the State, and 
possessed virtues to match his intelligence" (see tfistory of N. C, 
Vol. 1, page 428, footnote). Archibald DeBow Murphy said of him 
that he was "the most perfect model of a lawyer that our bar has pro- 
duced." The esteem in which he was held by the bar of North Caro- 
lina is shown in the magnificent monument at Salisbury erected to Arch- 
ibald Henderson by the North Carolina bar. The inscription on this 
monument is eloquent in his praise. 

When a young man he carefully cultivated the classics in literature. 
He was an excellent Shakespeare scholar. He and a friend of similar 
hterary taste, Dr. Charles Caldwell, met on staled evenings to study 
polite literature. 

Mr. Henderson is described as a "large roan, physically, with a 
r.oble forehead, aquiline nose, compressed lips, firm-set jaw, somewhat 
elongated chin, and an open countenance, kindly and benignant in ex- 
pression." The writer will remark that this is a good pen picture of a 
Henderson of later date. Judge John Hughes Henderson, of Franklin, 
Tenn. This serves to prove the fact that family resemblance and fam- 
ily characteristiccs are hereditary. 

Archibald Henderson was an ardent Federalist. Perhaps this arose 
in large measure from his great admiration of George Washington. He 
had seen Washington at Salisbury in 1791, when he himself was in his 
early twenties, and the "impression seemed so deep as to tinge the 
whole fabric of his life and thinking." 

He was strongly opposed to slavery. Both he and his brother, 
Leonard, were vice-presidents of the Raleigh branch of the American 
Colonization Society in 1819, the fundamental of which was to encour- 
age emancipation of slaves, and to send them to Africa for colonization. 
This work was promoted in North Carolina in 1819 by Rev. William 
Meade, afterward Bishop. In 1820, at Chapel Hill, Miajor feasant Hen- 
derson was vice-pre»dent of this branch of the American Colonization 

I cannot help pausing to say that the negroes in the South wtiuld 
in time have been freed, had there been no war between the States, 
because gradual emancipation was taking place. 

We can read something of Archibald Henderson's character by 
Ills life motto "Let justice be done, though the heavens fall." He al- 
ways carried a cane with ivory head, upon which was a silver plate 
bearing this inscription in Latin: "Fiat Justitia Ruat Coelum." 

"Archiballd Henderson had an immense legal practice before the 
Federal Circuit Court presided over by John Marshall- before the Su- 
pieme Court of the State, and in the Superior Courts." 

This man died in 1822. 

His son, John Steele Henderson, was a leading lawyer of North 


Candina, and for ten years was bead of tfae State delegation in Con- 
gress. In him the family traditions of culture and of political sagacity 
have been admirably sustained. Botti he and his wife descend from 
the famous Engiish mathematician, Wallis, and some of their descend- 
ants have mathematical bent. Their son, Archibald Henderson, D. C. 
L., of Chapel Hill, N. C, has become authority on this subject. "It is 
significant that his works of literary criticism have tieen paralleled in 
almost every case by an article of note on some mathematical subject. 
In 1911, for instance, the year that saw the production of 'Interpreters 
of Life,' Cambridge Univernty puMshed Mr. Henderson's researches 
on the Unes of the Cubic Surface.' " 

Arcfaltadd Heodcnoo, !«. A^ Ph. D., O. C U 

Archil>ald Henderson, son of John Steele Henderson, M. C, grand- 
son of Archibald Henderson (1768-1822), and great-grandson of Odo- 
nial Judge Richard Henderson, was born in Salisbury, N. C, June 17, 
1877. His eariiest lessons were conned at the knee of his grandmother, 
who developed in him ability and avidity in reading French and Eng- 
lish literature of noble type. This taste has found expression in his 
life woflc. He has done much literary work; his first published article 
appeared in 1905-06. These articles show his special qualities as critic. 
"All fliese essays showed his pronounced tendencies toward social 
thought, his understanding of questions and of Hie movements which 
would become paramount during the Twentieth Century." 

His "Modem Drama and Opera" was issued from the press in 1911. 
Later there was a second publication under the same title, a book of 
259 pages. This last covers very thoroughly the dramatists and com- 
posers of present-day fame. "Dr. Archibald Henderson, one of the 
foremost critics of dramatic literature," wrote the introductory chapter 
and an essential part of the book. This is a valuable reference book. 
The title index at the end of the volume refers to more than six hundred 
plays and operas. 

His "European Dramatists" came from the press in 1913. Edwin 
Markham says In reference to this book, "Archibald Henderson stands 
today as the chief literary critic of the South, and in the forefront of 
the critics of the Nation." The PaU Mall Gazette, of London, says, 
"Dr. Henderson is one of the most vivacious of the younger writers of 
the day on matters of the theatre, and here he Is at his tivetiest." 

Maurice Maeterlink said of his 'Interpreters of Life." Tou have 
written one of the most sagacious, most acute and most penetrating 
essays in the whole modem literary movement." Manv of his writings 
have appeared In great magazines and representative journals throuch- 
out the world, having been translated for this purpose Into five dif- 
ferent languages. He Is a member of the "Drama League of Amer- 
ica," and of the "Aufliors' Club of London." 

He has done much valuable historical work. He is a member of 
the American Historical Association; Ohio Valley Historical Association; 
Mississippi Valley Historical Association; President of N. C. Literary and 


Historical Associationi member Drama League of America; Foelfy 
Society of America; Aaierican-Scaiidinavian Society; Sons of ttie Amer- 
ican Revolution; Phi Beta Kappa Society. 

Among his historical wwks are: "Creative Forces in Western 
Expansion— Daniel Boone and Richard Henderson;" "The Invasion of 
Kentucky (1775) — Daniel Boone and the Transylvania Company;" The 
Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence;" "The Founding Of Nasit' 
vitle, and the Authorship of the Cumberland Compact;" "The Star of 
Empire." This is die story of the westward expansionist movement in 
the eighteenth century as exemplified in the careen of Isaac Shelby 
and Richard Henderson. 

Dr. Archibald Henderson has made invaluable historical fetches. 
When the Mississippi Valley Historical Association held its annual 
meeting in Nashville, Tenn., in April, 1916, an address before fliis 
body, "he brought evidence and proof of various nature to prove flie 
fact that Judge Richard Henderson was undoubtedly the arthor of the 
Cumberland Compact. He said that he had given the subject cartful 
and diligent investigation, comparing various documents and writings 
of the time, and had arrived at fliis conclusion." 

On June 23, 1903, Dr. Archibald Henderson was married to Miss 
Minna Curtis Bynum, of Lincolnton, N. C, "a lady of rare accomplish- 
ments having been awarded the degrees B. A. and M. A. from the 
University of N. C, in June, 1902. She is the daughter of the late Rev. 
Wm. Shipp Bynum, a noted Episcopal preacher of his day." Mrs. 
Henderson comes of a distinguished family. Edwin Markham, a friend 
of Archibald Henderson, who has enjoyed the hospitality ot their home 
at Chapel Hill, speaks of it as an ideal home, filled with joyousness 
and light by four beautiful children who are educated under govern- 
esses of three different nationalities. This has been indeed a most 
congenial and happy marriage. 

Edwin Markham wrote a noteworthy appreciation of t)iis mM ^ 
the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Science, bulletin. He says: "In 4hs 
rnnks of the younger generation of anthors.l see against the Ajnericaa 
background of present day no mon striking figure of intenuUjoiial 
culture and literary attainment than Archibald Henderson, educator, 
orator, literateur and historian." Mr. Markham furthar says of him. 
"In his 'Interpreters of Life' and The Modern Spirit* Henderson gathers 
up a half dozen characters cons{Hcuous on the literary horizon of the 
century and shows the mood and meaning of their contibution to hu- 
manity: Ibsen, Mlaeterlink, Mereditah and Wilde. . . . This volume vns 
hailed in France, England and America as a ^nece of creative critidsm. 
Ms gives the author international standing as critic." 

A comprehensive article setting forth tite work' of this manappear- 
ed in the Chariotte Daily Observer of )une 22, ISIS. Here it is said, 
"To understand and to interpret the trend of modent novcnwnts and 
the result of the breaking down of modem conventioiis has been tte 
purpose of all his readings and all his }oumeyings. On his varied trips 


to England and to the Continent he was, as Mr. Holbrook Jackson 
says, forever on the hunt Eor ideas and personalities. 

The University of Chicago conferred the degree of Ph. D., and Qie 
University of the South conferred the degree of D. C U, and his alma 
mater, the University of North Carolina, conferred the degrees of A. 
B. and A. M. on him. He occupies the chair ol mathematics m the 
University of North Carolina. 

And ROW my wish in cloang is that all members ol the family 
connection who chance to read these pages may have a sense of loyalty 
to family honor and pass on undimmed the Ught that other generatioiis 
placed in their hands. 

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