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Gc M. L. 







3 1833 01203 6791 

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Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center 



Compiled by 
Kate Graupner Stone 

Portland, Me 

5 7.B-2'^S? 





Grtnf-fireaf-'jrai'ddaugh't'r of Walrer Ih:n.ilu 

The family of Beatli. in Scotland, \v:v< a crest, and 
the motto; •'■ Fo'tuiia virtiite.'" The name is spelled 
Beath. B'-'ith, Jiietli. It is a Gallic word meaning 
'•' birch l:ee." There is a town of Beith on ine border 
of the counties of Renfrew and Ayr. In the count} 
of Fife, live and a half miles from Aberdour, U the 
parish and viil-m;e of Beatin with coal and iron mines. 
In the sam.e conntv is Cowdenbeath. Ilalbi-ath 
(colliery centers), and Dalboath, meaning Birch Dell. 
The Hill of Beath is near Halbeath. 

There is a tradition in the Beath family ^A BooiIibaV; 
Maine, that three brothers. Walter, Jeremiah, and 
Robert Beath came to America in their own ve:'.<el. 
Robert went Siratli, and the otlier two remained in the 
North. Gen Robert B. Beath. 0. A. R.. says; -My 
grandfather, Robert Beath. died in Philadel})liia during 
the Rebellion, aged eighty-six years. He cann:- fiom 
fFifeshire. in Scotland, but his children were bor-:i and 
raised at Lanark, near Glasgow. I have n.i.i'lu iw-) 
trips to Scotland, but could final none of oui' name 
in either of the idace^/' lie thinks tlie family na;ne 
is from jMaclieth (origiTially i^laebeatbad j, a Ceiric 
tribe, who before the days of Macbeiii as I'ing, 




flouri.slied in Irchind, when the name CaleJunia 
applied to botli the ^^ est coast ■ of Scothmd, and 
north of Ireland. 

From •'•' Charlestown Genealogies and Estates " is 
the following: •'•Adam Beath, Charlestown ; Boston; 

needlemaker ; married Marv . He died Januarv 

15, ITlo, aged 47 years ; gravestone in Granary-ground, 
Boston. Issue : Peter, born August 28, baptized 
30, 1704; John, baptized June 24, 170-3; Mary, July 
15 (21) 1706; all in Charlestown. Estate: admin, to 
widow Mary, February 11, 1710-17. Wm. Rouse of 
Chnrlesrown. b'oger Potter-^on of Boston, on bond. 
(Suff. Rec).*' Adam Beath's gravestone in Granary 
burying-ground, Boston, is, at this date (December, 
1897), in an excellent state of preservation. It is 
larger than the averaiie stone. ^ 

Walter Beath,^ the first of the name of Beath to 
settle at Boothbay, Maine (in June, 1731), was of 
Scotch-Covenanter ancestry ; his forefathers fled from 
religious persecution in Scotland, to the count}' of 
Derry, in the province of Ulster, North-of-Ireland. 
They were of Scotch lineage, pure and simple, and 
while in Ii-eland kept themselves almost clannishly 
distinct and aloof from the native inhabitants. In 
Ireland they had to enconnter the fanatical hostility 

»In same book is: " Adam Beath, Boston, married Huldah Welch, July -28, 1731, 
at Boston. — Marj,'aret Bactli, ni. Anthony Bracket, 1752." In Trinity church 
records, anion j tlio baptisms, is: ".June 3, 1S27, Ellen daughter of John and 
Lydia Beath ; " among the lunerals, is : " August 11, 1832, Sarah Beath, 87 years. — 
August 28, 1S3:5, John Beath, 6* years." This .John Beath manufactured !.i-u<it;3 
and sold surgical instruments at iJoston. He \)robaldy was a descendant cl' .V;iani 
Beath, the needlemaker of 1710, both bi-ing skilleel workman. While tl;ere is 
noiTivui fuLie evidence that the Boston family of Beath is related to the family of 

.his record is inserted here ro sujiply the 

i of the Roman Catholics, which after a long series of 
years brought on a war between the two races. The 
Irish Catholics rebelled against the government of 
England, and joined the cause of the exiled Cntholic 
king, James the Second. All Roman Catholic Ireland 
was called under arms. The property of the Protest- 
ant farmers and gentlemen was generally seized ; cows 
and sheep were driven off; the corn was cleared from 
the farms; in three months property of ihe value 
of a million of money was destroyed. The Roman 
Catholics said publicly that they designed to starve 
half the Protestants in Ireland, and hang the other 
half. The Irish were as unrestrained as savages, and 
they were determined that, by fair means or foul, 
Ireland should be swept clean of heretics, as they 
termed the Protestants. The latter fled to the forti- 
fied city of Londonderry, and closed its gates in the 
face of the troops of James the Second.^ 
i Then followed the memorable siege of that place, 
I in the year 1689. 

!, Walter Beath was among the besieged, as also 
'' was she who afterward became his wife. Famine bore 
I hard upon the stout-hearted beleaguered ones. The 
}i garrison and the inhabitants were driven to extrem- 
I i'ties. Those who were too small to hold a gun 
*' employed their time in searching for food. Walter 
]i Beath was eight years of age at the time of the siege 
ij of Londonderry, and was with his father's family. 

ijMrs. Beath used to relate that Waiter, her future 

1 The names of the thirteen younp men who closed the gates against the 
advancing army, have been handed down to posterity ; one of tbem \\a3 James 


husband, had sat all day lung watching at a rat-hole, 
hoping to kill one of those animals for food. His 
family kept s^ecreted some meal which they dared not 
attempt to cook (not feeling in dnty bound to take 
from their children to divide with others), and they 
mixed it with water, and consumed it in that state. 
Over the scenes of the siege the pious Walter Beath 
wept, in his old age, as he rehearsed the thrilling 
story to the rising generation of Townsend (now 
Boothbay), of the perils, fortitude, and zeal of their 
ancestors, who afterward sought a home in the v/ilds 
of America. Fever, cholera and famine came to the 
aid of the besiegers. Rats came to be dainties, and 
hides and shoe-leather the ordinary fare. They saw 
their children pine away and die. They were wasted 
themselves till they could scarcely handle their fire- 
locks on the ramparts. And yet Protestant Calvinism, 
faith, hope and endurance held out till relief tardily 
carae, and ended their suf!erin£rs and the sietjt^. on 
July 30, 1689, after a three months' contest against 
thirty thousand armed men with artillery. 

Adhering with conscientious fidelity to the Presby- 
terian tenets, they continued to endure the persecution 
which pressed on the Protestants during successive 
reigns. During the time of William and Mary, 
although their burdens were lightened, they were not 
relieved from galling exactions imposed by dissenting 
Christians. Allowed to retain their form of worship, 
they v/ere compelled to contribute from their resources 
to the support of another church. The offs^^-ing of 
marriages by ministers of the Presbyterian faith ».ere 

declared illegitimate. The rent of the land they cul- 
tivated was exorbitant. When the raising of cattle 
became a source of income and wealth to them, a 
hasty bill was passed absolutely prohibiting the im- 
portation into England of Irish cattle, sheep, swine, 
salt meat or bacon. In 1698, the exportation and 
manufacture of Irish woolens was discouraged. They 
were subjected to the boldest robberies, and no redress 
given. After coming to Boothbay, Mrs. Walter Beath 
related that before she left Ireland, the Roman Catho- 
lics, being the stronger party, made raids upon the 
homes and propert}' of the weli-lo-do Protestants. 
The latter termed them Romans. She was fourteen 
years of age when a party of "Romans" attacked the 
premises of her father. She quickly mounted a little 
horse, and taking a dog on the horse's back with her, 
dropped it right down in midst of a flock of sheep, 
saying, " Stir boy " to him ; the sheep, thoroughly 
frightened, ran away, and were saved from the 
Romans. After some years, the Beath family 
with those of Stewart, Fullerton, Blair, and many 
others, sought quiet and peace, and " freedom to 
worship God," by coming to America, where 
religious freedom was united with civil liberty, and 
neither tithingman nor taxgatherer had oppressive 

The great exodus of the Covenanters from Ireland 
was from 1700 to 1775. Thousands went to Philadel- 
phia and southern seaports, and from there found 
their way into Western North Carolina, Tennessee, 
and Kentucky. Ou the Mississippi River, in Desha 

County, Arkan^;ls, is a post-oflioe called Death's Land- 
iii;r. Their persecutions bv the Ensrlish crown were 
of too late a date to be forgotten, and when they saw 
the attempt being made to force unjust laws upon 
them, they left their cause '' to Heaven and our 
rifles." The consequence was the first battle oi the 
Kcvolution, at Alamance Creek, North Carolina, May 
16, 1771, where two thousand "Regulators" faced the 
royal governor, Tryon, with his regulars, in protest 
ao;ainst the rin;ht of the crown to tax the colonies. 
Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, was settled 
entirely by these determined Covenanters, and they 
made the fir^t Declaration of Independence in May, 
1775, over thirteen months before the decisive action 
of the Continental Congress at Philadelphia in 1776. 
At this time the Covenanters amounted to one-third 
of the entire population of the country, of which the 
larger part were in the South. 

On page 240, volume G3, of the Massachusetts 
Archives, at the State House, Boston, is the report : 
" Ship Anne Frigat from Ireland, came into harbor 
of Boston, Oct. 1716." Many other ships arrived 
about this time. An address, dated March 26, 171S, 
was despatched from Ireland, through Rev. William 
Boyd, to Governor Shute of Massachusetts, expressing 
a strong desire to remove to New England sliould 
he afford them suitable encouragement. The address 
was signed by three hundred and twenty of these so- 
called Scotch-Irish people.^ 

* Years afterward, the orijinal manuscript was presented to 5Ir. Daniel 
MacOregor of Ncv,- Tort City, by Alden Bradford, many years secreLary of the 
Btate of Mas=achu5<.'tt3. 

The term Scotcli-Iiish is a misnomer, and mislead- 
ing, \yben applied to the Scotch Covenanters who 
sojourned in Ireland before coming to America. 
They did not intermarry' with the native Irish. As 
well mio-ht the Pilirrims be called Eno-lish-Dutch. 
Judge Oliver Perry Temple writes as follows : "The 
term Scotch-Irish is restricted in its application, and 
not altogether clear in its signification. By the term 
Covenanters is meant all Scotch Presbyterians and 
their descendants, without reference to the place of 
their birth, or of their sojourning." The names of 
Alexander Blair, James Stewart, and Jeatter Fulltone 
(could this be FuUerton ?) were among those signed 
to this address. They received the desired encourage- 
ment, and on August 4, 1718, five ships arrived in 
Boston Harbor, Massachusetts, filled with these Cov- 
enanters from Ulster Province, Ireland. When the 
British troops evacuated Boston, in 1775, they took 
the books and papers from the Custom-House, and 
carried them to Halifax, Nova Scotia, where they 
are now stored. The j)^ssenger-lists of the five 
ships that arrived at Boston in 1718, were, without 
doubt, among them. If they could be returned iind 
published they would be invaluable. 

Many of these immigrants scattered through the 
country, and settled in various Massachusetts towns; 
in Worcester, Palmer, Pelham., Billerica, Dracut and 
Andover. A portion of them remained in Boston, 
founding there, under Rev. John Morehead, the Pres- 
byterian church in Long Lane, afterward Dr. William 
EUery Channing's, and later, Dr. Ezra Stiles Gannett's 

in Federal Street, new the Unitarian Church in 
Arlington Street. 

Sixteen fjimilies were sent in their ship, b}- Gov- 
ernor Shute. toward Casco Bay, on the eastern coast 
in search of a suitable place to settle. It was late in 
the season, and they became frozen in at Falmouth 
(now Portland, Maine), and were obliged to pass the 
winter on shipboard under great hardships and suffer- 
ings. When the spring of 1719 opened, not finding 
land to suit them, they retraced their course, and 
found their way up Merrimac River to Haverhill, and, 
strikins; out from there, discovered the tract on which 
they decided to locate under the grant they had le- 
ceived from the government of Massachusetts. The 
place was called Nutfield, from the abundance of its 
forests fruit, or nut trees, and on the eleventh day of 
April, 1719, they assembled beneath a venerable oak, 
to unite in devotional exercises. In June, 1722, three 
years after the settlement, the town was called Lon- 
donderry, in commemoration of the city, in and near 
to which most of them had resided while sojourning 
in Ireland. They had brought with them their spin- 
ning and weaving implements, and here by them was 
'made the first linen manufactured in New England. 
Some of the descendants of the Londonderry settlers 
afterward went to Boothbay, Maine, and made their 

'William Adams was born in the north of Ireland. His son, Deacon Samuel 
Adams, -was horn in Londonderry, Xew Hampshire, April 2, 1733, and settled in 

•Boothbay at an enrly date. On December 30, ITUi, he mairied Sarah Reed, of 
Boolhbay, and their {granddaughter, Mar>- Sales Adams, born in Boothbay, March 
10,1813, manied lor her first husband, Joel Beath (son of Jeremiah, Jr., and 
Sarah [Stewart] Beath). They had one son, George Albion Beath. Joei Beath was 
lost at sea, October 4, 1>41, and his uidow married for her second husband 

Augustus W'hittaker. 

A coinpnny of these Scots early settled in Worces- 
ter. Massachusetts, and here suffered from illiberal 
opposition, and even active hostility. Having formed 
a religious society, they commenced the erection of a 
meeting-house on the west side of the Boston road. 
The timbers had been raised, and the building was 
in progress of construction, when the inhabitants 
gathered tumultuously by night and demolished the 
structure. Puritan tolerance ! Persons of considera- 
tion and respectability aided in the riotous work of 
violence, and the defenseless foreigners were com- 
pelled to submit to the wrong. Was this the '• free- 
dom to worship God " that they had fondly antici- 
pated ! Many, unable to endure the insults and bitter 
prejudices they encountered, joined their brethren of 
the same denomination who, under the charge of Rev. 
Mr. Abercrombie, commenced the settlement of Pel- 
ham, in the county of Hampshire. 

They were industrious, frugal and peaceful, con- 
tributing to the prosperity of the province, by the 
example of diligence, and by the introduction of use- 
ful arts. They brought with them the necessary 
materials for the manufacture of linen ; and their 
spinning-wheels, turned by the foot, were a novelty 
in the country. They also introduced the culture 
of potatoes, which they first planted in a garden 
at Andover. The strangers were not treated with 
common decency by their English neighbors. Their 
settlements in other places were approached by 
bodies of armed men. and their property in some in- 
stances wantonly destroyed. They were everyv/here 

abused and misrepresented as Irish, a people then 
generally very obnoxious ; a reproach peculiarly 
grievous to the immigrants. In a letter to Governor 
Shute, bearing date in 1720, the Rev. Mr. McGregor, 
pastor at the newly-settled Londonderry, writes : 
" We are surprised to hear ourselves termed Irish 
people, when we so frequently ventured our all for 
the British crown and liberties, ao;ainst the Irish Pa- 
pists." The jealously with which they were first re- 
garded, finally yielded to the infiuence of their sim- 
ple virtues and sterling worth. Rev. ^Ir. McGregor, 
in a sermon which he preached on the eve of his de- 
parture from Ireland, assigned the following reasons 
for their removal to America : " 1st. To avoid oppres- 
sive and cruel bondage. 2d. To shun persecution. 
3d. To withdraw from the communion of idolaters. 
4th. To have an opportunity of worshipping God ac- 
cording to the dictates of conscience and His inspired 

To which of these several settlements Walter Beath 
went immediately upon his arrival in America has 
not been ascertained. It was hoped that knowledge 
of the exact time of his departure from Ireland could 
•be obtained from seaport records; but a letter, dated 
twenty-fourth of May, 1897, from P. T. Rodger, con- 
sular agent Londonderry, Ireland, says : — 

I called at the Custom House in regard to the lists of passengers 
leaving this port, but I find that these lists are only kept for fifteen 
years, and then they are destroyed, so that there are no records 
further back. The records or registry in churches here oniy go 
back to 184:6, so of course they are of no use in an enquiry of this 

The only hope of obiuining po>itive knowledge 
would seem to be through the recovery of Boston 
Custom House Records (carried away by the British 
soldiers in 1775), which are stored at Halifax, Nova 


The first distinct account we have of Walter Beath 
in America is from the early records of Lunenburg, 
then in the county of Middlesex, province of Massa- 
chusetts Bav. Among the grantees at the allotment 
of land in the new town of Lunenburg (Turkey Hills). 
May 11, 1720, is the name of Walter Beath, of 
Lancaster, for house-lot No. 49, containing two hun- 
dred and twenty-seven acres and fifty-two rods. In 
the Proprietors' Records is the item of the payment 
"in fall," by Waiter Beath, for this Land. Then in 
1772, John Beath, a son of Walter Beath, makes the 
following affidavit: — 

Deposition of John Beath, of Boothbay, sworx to 
OcTOBEK 23, 1772. 
John Beath, aged sixty-two years testifyeth that he lived with 
his father who dwelt at Limeuburgh in the western part of said 
Province, (of Mass. Bay), when the news was published over Xew 
England that His Most Excellent Majesty, King George the second 
had commissioned and sent to Pemaquid in the eastern parts of said 
Province a certain Col. David Dunbar, as his agent to take posses- 
sion and begin the settlement of the land eastward of Kennebec 
River in His Majesty's name & behalf, & that said Dunbar was 
arrived and had published large encouragements to any of his 
Majesty's Protestant liege subjects who should settle en sai'l lands. 
In pursuance of which this deponent, together with h's father & 
family, in June 1731, left their plantation and at no imall expense 

trausplanted tliomselvo!:', their stock and effects to said Pemaquid, 
when after treating with said Dimbar this deponent, with liis father 
& as he supposes, ahove sixty others, were by the said Dunbar 
settled (on a piece of hmd at Boothbay Harbour where he proposed 
to build a city.) That on the 19th of August in the year 1749, 
this deponent with seventeen others was taken captive by the In- 
dians, that they were detained till November, that said Indians took 
from him a sloop of sixty tons burthen with the cargo (which they 
took to St. Peters and sold.) 

Thus it ^vill be seen that after living at Lunenbiirj^ 
eleven years, Walter Beath, because of ''large en 
couragements " published over New England, moved 
his family and all their belongings to the neck of land 
bounded by the sea, lying between the Sheepscot 
and Damariscotta Rivers, where Col. Dunbar laid out 
the ^-city" of Townsend, afterward called Boothbay. 
Lots were cast, and Walter Beatli became possessed 
of a lot of land on the east of Boothbay Harbor; he 
built a house on the northeast side of the hill, nearly 
opposite the spot where the meeting-house was after- 
ward put. His house stood more than one hundred 
years, and then was burned. A descendent of his son, 
Jeremiah Beath, built a house nearly opposite the old 
homestead. While Walter Beath owned the land on 
the east side of the harbor and the woodland back. 
Col. Andrew Reed, Sr. , who afterward became con- 
nected with the family of Beath (his son, Paul Reed, 
marrying Marjory Beath, a granddaughter of Walter 
Beath) owned the west side. It must be remembered 
that the old Boothbay Harbor was a beautiful cove 
west of the present town harbor, looking up which 
you can see the church at Boothbay Center. 

Col. Andrew Reed came from Antrim Connty. 
Ireland, and settled at Boothbay about 1731. He 
was of English descent, although his family had lived 
in the north of Ireland some years previous to his 
emigration to this country. He was a man of 
marked character, resolute in the performance of 
every duty, and a devoted and strict Presbyterian. 
During the raids of hostile Indians upon Boothbay, 
when Col. Reed was an old man. the inhabitants at 
the Plarbor withdrew to the westward for safety. Col. 
Reed sent his family to Boston, but in defiance of all 
persuasion, remained alone all winter in the simple 
shelter of a log cabin. Contrary to expectation the 
returning fugitives found him alive and unharmed in 
the spring, and to their excited enquiries, he calmly 
replied that he had felt neither solitude nor alarm, 
*• Why should IV cried the old man, "I was not 
alone. I had my Bible, and my God." His wife was 
Jane Murray, whom he married in Ireland, and whose 
nephew was Rev. John Murray, first minister to the 
Presbyterian church at Boothbay. Col. Andrew 
and Jane (Murray) Reed had sons, John, Henry, 
William, Andrew, Jr., Joseph, David, and the Paul 
w^ho married Marjory Beath. He died in 176.3, 

Col. Dunbar was a man of energy and good capac- 
ity for business, but a scheming politician, and ready 
for any intrigue to promote his own selfish ends. He 
promised the settlers good titles to their lands, but 
the deeds were not forthcoming. He became exceed- 
ingly unpopular, and his removal was deni;ntded. 
The complaints preferred against him in England 

became so loud and earnebt that tlie government was 
obliged to notice them, and his dismissal took place. 
The following is on page 400, of Vol. 9, of the 
Council Records, in the archives at Massachusetts 
State House, Boston: — 

Fryday, Febr. 16^^, 1732. The Secretary laid before the Board 
a Letter he had received from Coll. David Dunbar dated at Fred- 
ericks Fort the 29"^, of December last, importing that he had re- 
ceiving His Majesty's Order in Council referring to the Eastern 
Lands, and that he should remove from there as soon as may be 
with convenience. 

On page 419, same volume is : — 

July 17'^ 1733, In Council Chamber. His Excellency commu- 
nicated to the Board a letter he had received from the Hon*^'® 
David Dunbar Esq., dated at Portsmouth, in New Hampshire, the 
2°'^, of July Instant, importing that pursuant to His Majesty's order 
he had quitted Fort Frederick in Pemaquid, and that the Garrison 
posted there was returned to Annapolis Iloyal so that the Said Fort 
was entirely evacuated, and that he apprehended that unless this 
Government do speedily send an officer and some few men to keep 
possession of the said Fort there is danger of its being destroyed by 
the Indians. 

It was considered and debated whether it was judged 
expedient to send officers and six men. Resolved in 
the negative. Eighteen months was the time Dun- 
bar took to remove himself from Pemaquid " as soon 
as may be with convenience " ! He went to New Hamp- 
shire, but subsequently returned to the lands east of 
the Kennebec River, took up his abode, ruLiiried, and 
spent the rest of his lite there without his old-time 

The settlers now had trouble with the Indians. 
But their trials and tribulations were courageously 
endured when they could not be overcome, and life 
was more pleasant than formerly, because of the 
companionship of men and women, many of whom 
were Covenanters, with whose religious tenets they 
were in sympathy. An idea of the hardship suffered 
by the families that were settled in Boothbay and 
vicinity at this time can be formed by the following 
deposition of Samuel McCobb, a connection, by 
marriage, of the Beath family. It was sworn to, 
October 23, 1772. 

Samuel McCobb, aged 64 years, testilieth and saith, that in the 
year 1729, Col. Dunbar came with a commission from his most 
excellent Majesty George the second, with instructions to take 
possession and settle with the inhabitants, in behalf of the cro\\Ti. 
the lands lying to the eastward of the Kennebec River in said 
province, that with a number of men and necessaries he arrived at 
Pemaquid in the same year, and forthwith proceeded to survey and 
fettle several towns around, publicly in-viting His Majesty's liege sub- 
jects to come and settle thereon, promising them ample encourage- 
ment in the name of the king, his master. In consequent of which 
encouragement the Deponent with more than 40 others, applied to 
the said Dunbar and by liim were brought to and settled on a certain 
neck of land bounded on the sea, and lying between the Sheepscot 
and Damariscotta Rivers, the which lands the said Dunbar had laid 
out in parallel lots, twelve rods broad, containing two acres apiece, 
and ordered the settlers to cast lots for their respective places, which 
being done, the said Dunbar did, in the King's name and behalf, 
put them in possession of lots they had respectfully drawn, and 
promised tliat on condition of their building one house eighteen feet 
long and clearing two acres v/ithin the space of three years he could 
give them an addition of forty acres in one, and one-hundred in 
another division, as contiguous to the first two acres a? possible, in 

J fee simple forever, and like^vi5c to add thereto another division devis- I 

I ing to each >'ettlor any number of acres beside?, lesstlian lOOO, v/hich | 

I they shouM request. A number having complied with these terms. I 

and said Dunbar oflered to give them deeds of said lands, but the | 

execution thereof was delayed, and in the year 1733 he was re- | 

moved to New Hampsliire. The lands being naturally broken and I 

poor, and more especially then, in their wild uncultivated state, and | 

i ' ■ • s 

I. the settlers coming there generally in low circumstances, and most | 

of them (as being fi-om Britain and Ireland) utterly unacquainte<l I 

I v.-ith the mode of manaeinir lands in that state, little of the necessa- | 

r '''"..'... I 

[ ries of life was raised from the soil, their whole living depended on f 

{• cutting tire wood and carrying it to Boston and other towns more | 

i" than one hundred and fifty miles from them; hence the settles lived. i 

I from the first, exposed to the utmost extremities of indigence and | 

{■ distress, and at the same time In almost continual alarm? tVnm the ■ 

[ savages all around, till the year 1745, when the murders and dopre- 

I dations in their borders forced them from their habitations to seek 

1 shelter in the westward, where they were scattered in a strange 

country, at nearly 200 miles distance from their homes, for five 

years. In October, 1749, as soon as the news of peace reached 

them, this deponent with many of his former neighbors ventured 

back to their said settlements where they had scarce finished the 

repairs of their wasted cottages and improvements, when in a year 

or thereabouts, the Indians tho' in a time of peace fell on their 

neighborhood, burnt barns, killed many cattle, attacked the little 

garrison kept by the people, and carried away a number of men, 

women and children into captivity. By this the deponent and his 

neighbors were obliged to flee to the little fortress they had raised for 

themselves where they lived and defended themselves as they might, 

not daring to look after their plantations, by which means the little 

provisions then growing for their support the next winter, were 

chiefly destroyed whereby, when they returned to their places, little 

better than the horrors of famine were in prospect ; many were 

obliged to live by clams only, which they dug out of the mud when 

the tides were down ; thus they subsisted in general till the late war 

with France broke out, when tho' their cries were sent up to the 

government for some protection on this settlement, which they still 

held in King's behalf, and from v»-hich should they again be driven 
thoy knew not ■\vliorc to seelv a place of abode, yet no defence or 
assistance went to or a morsel of bread was allowed them, but such 
as they found for themselves, by garrisons and guards of their own 
where their families lived in continual terror and alann from the 
savages who ranged the wilderness all around, till the late peace 
was concluded, when their settlements increased much by new 
comers from the western parts. Thus happily rid of French and 
Indians they were not long sutlored to rest for three or four opposite 
setts of claimers, part claiming by Indian deeds never approved 
according to law, and part by pretended ancient occupation and 
other pretexts never justified in law, at divers times came among 
them demanding the possessiou of these said lands, or requiring a 
purchase for them. These imposing upon the credulous simplicitv 
of some of the inhabitants by fair promises, and terrifying others 
with threats of lawsuits for which the poor settlers were ill pro- 
vided, so far prevailed that the generality were fain to contract 
with and buy their lands from one or another of tliem, and some 
of them all successfully, and such as have not done so are still 
harrassed by the said claimers and threatened by each, in his turn, 
with lawsuits, ejectments, if not imprisonments and ruin, whilst 
those of whom they bought have never done anything to defend 
them from competing claimers, and all have left them to become a 
prey to whom comes next. However, by the help of God, they 
continued on their said possessiou till the year 176-4, when desirous 
of obtaining the benefit of order and the enjoyment of the gospel, 
they applied to the General Court of the Province and were legally 
incorporated into a town by the name of Boothbay .... in the 
year 1765, without any help from the public (from abroad) erected 

a chiu-ch, and in the year 1766 settled a gospel minister 

These things the deponent testifyeth as facts Avithin his own proper 
knowledge having had occasion to be personally and intimately in- 
terested therein, and he declareth this deposition is not given with 
any injurious intent toward any person whatever." 

This affidavit certainly gives a very vivid picture of 
the early settlement of Townsend (afterward, named 

Boothbay) , with the trials and tribulations of the in- 
habitants. What a pitiable record ! 

In the old graveyard at Boothbay Harbor, is a small 
slate stone, in an excellent state of preservation, or- 
namented at the top with the usual death's head, or 
skull with wings; it has the following inscription: — 

In Memory of 


WHO DIED June IV^., 1759 

IX THE 79 Year 


According to this stone, Walter Beath must have 
been born in the year 1681 ; consequently, at the 
siege of Londonderry, Ireland, he was eight years of 
age. This accords exactly with the narrative of Mrs. 
Walter Beath of his beinjj- too vouno; to handle a fire- 
lock. He had two sons, John and Jeremiah. 

John Beath,- was born in 1710; married, at Boston 
in 1739, Margaret Fullerton, who was born in 1714 
in the country of Tyone, north of Ireland; she was 
the daughter of William Fullerton. They had ten 
children : — 

Marjory,^ born October 9, 1739, married Paul Reed, and had 
eleven children : Paul,* John,^ Andrew,* William Maxwell,* 
Jane,* Margaret,* P^lizabcth,* Mary,* Marjory,* Sarah,* Rosanna.* 
Joseph,' born December 29'*^, 1740, married ]\Iary Pelham in 
1784, and had twelve children: Margaret,* . Hannah Pelham,* 
Elizabeth Pelham,* Marjory Reed,* Penelope Pelham,* Mary 
M'^Cobb,* Jennet Gilmore,* John,* Lydia Pelham,* Sarah Auld,* 
Rachel M'^ Cobb,* Eunice Fullerton. 

Elizabeth,' born June 12, 1742, married John Parker, and bad 
no children. ■ 

Marv.^ born. October "28, 1743, married John M-^ Cobb, and bad 
eiii'ht rl'ILlren. ' . 

Marofaret.' l>orn April 3. 1745, married Samuel AVylie, and 
had one daugliter, and two sons. The sons and their father were 
lost at sea, and the widow married Hugh Rogers. The daughter 
married her step-brother. Samuel II. Rogers. 

Sarah,' born March 24. 1747 ; nothing known of her. 

John,^ born ^laroh 18. 1740 ; died in childhood, of canker rash. 

James.' born June 17, 1751 ; died in childhood, of canker rash. 

Jeremiah, 5 born December 2y, 1752; died in childhood, of 
canker rash, 

Walter,'^ born March 10, 1754; died in childhood of canker 

John Beatb died December 9, 179S, aged eighty- 
eight years, and his wife Margaret (Fidlertun) Beath, 
died October 13, 1813, aged ninety-nine j'ears. They 
were both buried in the graveyard at Boothbay Harbor, 

Jeremiah Beath,- Senior, the other son of Walter 
Beath was born June, 1772, probably in Lancaster, or 
Lunenburo;, Mass. He was on the list of iurors. in 
Worcester, Mass., January 24, 1757, and May 20, 
1760. He is also on record in Sutton. He married 
Elizabeth Cowden, daugliter of James and Janet 
(Craige) Cowden, of North Worcester, now Holden ; 
she was born October 31, 1730. Three of her 
brothers, David, Robert, and Thomas, were officers 
from Worcester County, Mass. , in the war of the 
American Revolution. After the death of his father, 
Jeremiah Beath, Sr. , returned to Boothbay Center, 
and settled at the homestead, (the Valley Farm). 
Jeremiah Beath, Sr. , died February 17, 1803, aged 
eighty-one years, and his wife Elizabeth (Cowden) 
Beath died December 7, 1814, aged eighty-four years. 

They were l)urie(l al Bo«.'tlib;iy Center. Their cliil- 
dien wei'e : — 

Pris'.'iUa.^ marruMl Jo'ia Hilton ; he was boni Dei-eiiibtr 13, 
1747, aiul ^va^ fOiiiniissinnod Fir~t Lieut.. Stjpteuilier 7, 17S4. in 
Sixtli Coviijiany, Thivl negiiuoiit. County of Liijrcdn tlivision, Col. 
E'lvvanl Euier?on'< Rejriment ; he died October 2, 1S"22 ; his wife 
rrisoilla (Beatli) Iloltoa died of ooHSutnption. Their eleven chil- 
dren were : Elizabeth.'' Sibel.' Israel.* Jeremiah.'* Priscilla..* 
Sarah,'' Meliltairie.^ Susanna.'' :\Iai--aret,+ Fhebo.^ John.* 

Eunice." born in 17Gi. married April, 1784. El>enezer Fuller- 
ton, son of William Fullerton, ami she died September 5, IS'23, 
a^'ed fitcy-nine years. Ebenezer FuUerton died July 1, 181'..), aged 
sivty-iiine years. Their seven cldldren were : Jcnnett G.,* Eliza- 
beth.'' Wiiliam.* James.'' John,* Elizabeth Covdou.^ Marg^aot.* 

Mary,'" jiiavri-d 3rr. Thoms'^j (prol)ably of Worcester County, 
IMass.), and ha.d seven iOus. only one living to maturity. She 
died about l.s;;;2. 

Sarah." born Jruie 2'\ 17G7. married David Keu)u"ston, born 
17ol'. She died of lockjaw. Deceml:>er 12. 170(3. wlieu her son 
Thomas Kenniston was ten days old : her fister Eunice 
(Death) Keuniiton adopted the babe. Her children were : John.* 
Asa,* Sarali,* Thomas Beath.* ;, 

Margaret,'^ married 3Ir. Thomson, and was thrown from a 
car.'-iage and instantly killed, at lloyalston, A\'orcester County, 
Mass. , 3Iay 23. 1823. ' .; ' 

JerL-uuah.^ .Junior, born .January 1. 1770. at Boothbay, mar- 
ried November 2, 17'J6, Sarah Stewart of Jlristol, 3[aine. who 
was born November 11, 1770. He died November 15, 1S3.''. aged 
sixty-live years, of inflammation of the bowels, and his wife Sarah 
(Stewart) Beath died of consumption, February 4. 18."10, aged 
sixty years. They were buried at Boothbay Center. Their four- 
teen children were: Sarah.* Thomas Stewart,* J-dizabetli Cnvv^len,* 
Martha E.,* Nathaniel Stewart,* Mary Maria, ^ Anna Matilda.* 
James Thomson,* Joel Thomson.* Margaret Jane,* Eunice Fuller- 
ion,* Nancy Calistu,* .Jonas Th^)mson,* Sophia Loui-a.* J'hey 
lived at t!ie liomestea<l A'alley Farm), at Boothbay Center.