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Most of these papers, relating to the Day and Hartsinck families, came into 
my possession after the death of my father (the Rt. Honble. Sir John Day); on one 
of them, in the handwriting of his father (Captain John Day) was a request that 
^ the documents should be taken care of " as they may be interesting and perhaps 

^ even useful to my children, or even children's children." In addition to taking care 

\ of them I desire to make known their contents to other members of the family. 

I With this object I have made a precis of all the documents : to have reproduced 

' them in full and in the original language— many are in Dutch— was, having regard 

-<^ to the scope of the work, impracticable. In translating and condensing there is, I 

K am aware, a danger of not always giving the true meaning of a passage and of 

I occasionally omitting something, which others might wish to see, but I have 

"^ endeavoured to err on the side of giving too much rather than too Uttle. 

A It was essential to arrange the papers in some convenient order ; I have 

^ divided them under the following heads :— 

■^ I. Correspondence with the House of Orange. 

\^ 2. Other Correspondence. 

3. Hartsinck Pedigree, etc. 
^ 4. Day Pedigree, etc. 

In each of these sections the papers are inserted in chronological sequence, 
and numbered. The numbers are continued throughout the book independently of 
the sections. There is no pagination, a number therefore refers to a document and 
not to a page. In editing these papers I have refrained from expressing my 
personal opinions, and have only added such notes as, I thought, might be of 
assistance or interest to the reader. 

London. 191 1. 

SECTION I.— Correspondence with the House of Orange. 

SECTION II.— Other Correspondence. 

SECTION III.— Hartsinck Pedigree, etc. 

SECTION IV.— Day Pedigree, etc. 





This correspondence is almost entirely between Jan Casper Hartsinck and 
members of the House of Orange. 

Jan Casper Hartsinck (hereinafter for brevity referred to as " Hartsinck" or 
" Mr, H.") was a member of an old Dutch family. In his early days an advocate, he 
afterwards attained high judicial office ; at one period in his life he was a partner 
in the great firm of Hope & Co. (a) but at the time of most of these letters he was 
the Minister at Hamburg to their High Mightinesses the States General of the 
United Provinces. (6) 

He was, as appears plainly from these letters, a devoted adherent to the House 
of Orange. 

Hartsinck's wife was an English lady and a Catholic ; their daughter, Emily, 
married my grandfather (Captain John Day). 

The five members of the House of Orange with whom Hartsinck corresponded 
were : — 

I. WILLIAM V, Stadtholder of the Netherlands (c), Prince of Orange- 
Nassau-Dietz, born 8 March, 1748, succeeded his father, William IV, 22 October, 
1751 ; married 4 October, 1767 ; left the Netherlands, 18 January, 1795, never 
to return, and died 9 April, 1806. 

In this precis, for the sake of brevity, he will be called " The Prince of Orange." 

His letters are in Dutch. 

(.1) As a barrister I acted professionally for a friend, one Beresford Hope, and through him had a general retainer for the 
" Saturday Review " newspaper, with which he was then connected. At the time I did not know that an ancestor of his and 
mine had ever been in business together. 

(^) As to the States General, see the next note, which deals shortly with the constitution of the United Provinces. 

(,c) The office of stadtholder was peculiar to the Low Countries and existed there long before the union and independence 
of ths Seven United Provinces. The stadtholder then acted only as governor under the count or duke, who was the sovereign. 
Thus the Prince of Orange, known as " William the Silent," had been st,adtholder under Philip the Second of Spain ; when 
under his leadership and that of his son the Dutch had succeeded in throwing off the Spanish yoke, the office of stadtholder 
was established in the House of Orange. The stadtholder thereupon became the chief magistrate in the Republic. But on 
great national questions such as peace and war, alliances and taxations, he had only a single voice in the council of state. On 
the other hand he was hereditary captain-general of the army and high-admiral of the navy, with the appointment of certain 
officers and magistrates and the right to interpose his authority in disputes arising amongst the cities and provinces. In the 
year 1749 the stadtholder also became governor-general of the East and West India Companies and thus increased his 
patronage. The council of state was formed of deputies of the provinces. 

Each province had also its own representative body, with power to enact laws, raise soldiers, levy taxes, etc. But the 
union of the provinces was collectively represented by a more dignified assembly— the States General. The latter bore the 
exterior marks of sovereignty, though the real power of the republic was vested in the provincial states. The Slates General 
were addressed as " Their High Mightinesses." 


2. FREDERICA SOPHIA WILHELMINA (1751— 1820), daughter of 
Prince Augustus William of Prussia, wife of the Prince of Orange. She will be 
described in future as " The Princess of Orange." 

Her letters are in French. 

3. WILLIAM FREDERICH, eldest son of the Prince of Orange, born 
24 August, 1772 ; married i October, 1791 ; succeeded his father as William VI, 
Stadtholder of the Netherlands, 9 April, 1806 {d), assumed the reins of government 
6 December, 1813 ; became Sovereign Prince 30 March, 1814, and the first 
King of the Netherlands, 16 March, 1815, under the style of William I. His wife 
died in 1837. He abdicated 7 November, 1840, and married morganatically 
16 May, 1841, a grand-daughter of Andries Hartsinck (e), and died 12 December, 
1843. William I at the time of these papers was, and is therefore referred to, as 
" The Hereditary Prince," 

His letters after 18 May, 1795, are in French, and before that date in Dutch, 

4. FREDERICA LOUISE WILHELMINA (1774—1837), daughter of 
Frederick William II, King of Prussia, married the Hereditary Prince i October, 
1791. In these papers she is referred to as " The Hereditary Princess." 

There is only one letter from her and it is in French. 

5. FREDERICK WILLIAM GEORGE, youngest son of the Prince of 
Orange, born 15 February, 1774, took a leading part in the muster of loyal troops 
mentioned in these papers, became in 1797 a Master of the Ordnance in the Austrian 
Army, and died at Padua, 6 January, 1799. In this correspondence he is referred 
to as " Prince Frederick." 

His letters are in Dutch. 

Hartsinck replied to his correspondents in the language used by them. Drafts, 
copies, and press copies of some of his letters are in my possession, the originals 
were, of course, sent by him to his correspondents. 

Nearly every letter received by Hartsinck is docketed in his hand with the date 
of receipt and reply. It has not been thought necessary to give these dates except 
in a few instances. The first letter in this correspondence is dated 29 May, 
1787 ; the next 10 February, 1795 ; and the last 22 May, 1802. It may, perhaps, 
be as well to explain shortly the position of affairs in Holland at this period. 

For two centuries the Dutch had enjoyed a continuance of political happiness 
and national prosperity : at one time they were the first maritime power in the 
world. They carried their triumphant flag from Nova Zembla to Cape Horn, and 
from the British Isles to those of Japan. 

{(i) The Batavian Republic lasted, however, till 1806, and was followed by four years of monarchy under Louis Bonaparte 
and four years of union with France. 

(rt The King, it is said, abdicated for the purpose of marrying Henriette Adrienne Louise Flore (1792—1864) daughter of 
Ferdinand Louis Franqois Michel Comte d'Oultremont de Wigimont and of his wife Johanna Susanna, m'l Hartsinck. In 
■as Grand MarSchale de la Cour to the late King of the Belgians and the constant 


On the death of William the Fourth in 1751, the influence of the French began 
to predominate in Holland, so that on the breaking out of the American war, the 
measures which the Dutch Republic pursued were unfriendly to Great Britain. 
Thus a rupture between the two powers was occasioned and its ruinous consequences 
continued after the general peace. 

Under the pretext that the Prince of Orange (William V) had sacrificed the 
interests of his country through partiality for the English nation, the revolutionary 
party had deprived him of the post of Captain General of the Army. Then a new 
volunteer army was suddenly created, and on discovering its strength, the Prince of 
Orange found it prudent to move the Court from The Hague to Nimeguen. When 
his troops attempted to seize the advanced post of Jutphaas, they were repulsed by 
the armed burghers of Utrecht. In September, 1787, the King of Prussia collected 
an army of 20,000 men under the Duke of Brunswick, to enter Holland and avenge 
an insult to his sister. The revolutionary party, after a short resistance, submitted; 
the constitution was restored and the stadtholder re-established under the protection 
of England and Prussia. Such was the state of the Seven United Provinces at the 
outbreak of the French revolution. Under pressure from the Allied Powers, the 
Dutch Government then issued a manifesto, which was seized upon by the French 
Convention as a pretext for declaring war against the States General and the Prince 
of Orange. 

On the first disaster at Dunkirk, the Dutch troops made a hurried retreat to 
their own frontier and became openly hostile to the cause of the Allied Powers. 
As soon as the French entered Holland they were received with open arms. The 
Prince of Orange finding himself deserted by the people and having previously sent 
off his family and effects, embarked in an open boat, navigated by three men, and 
reached Harwich safely on 21 January, 1795. A provisional government was then 
formed in Holland and an alliance concluded with the French Republic : the 
troops of the latter power were left to garrison the southern frontier. Early in 
1797 a representative government superseded the provisional one ; " The Batavian 
Republic " was the title then given to the Seven United Provinces. 

In August, 1799, an English expedition sailed for Holland with the object of 
restoring the Stadtholder and the old constitution (/). The Duke of York was in 
command and the Hereditary Prince preceded him to the Heldertoform the Dutch 
loyalists into regiments. The expedition failed to achieve its main object, but 
Admiral Mitchel succeeded in capturing the Dutch Squadron in the Texel. The 
Dutch Admiral attributed the surrender to the mutinous spirit of the crews and 
doubtless many on board were true to the Orange cause and welcomed the arrival 
of the English. 

On the i8th October in the same year hostilities were by agreement suspended 
and before the end of November the British Army had evacuated North Holland. 

In the winter of 1802 the Hereditary Prince solicited an indemnity from 
France, and obtained the Principality of Fulda. 

In the spring of 1806 a deputation from Holland arrived in Paris. They 
announced the death of the Prince of Orange and protested that the Hereditary 

{/) The 49Ih Regiment, in which my grandfather subsequently served, took part in this expedition. 


Prince had renounced his claim to the succession, in that he had received Fulda as 
an indemnity. The Emperor Napoleon desired his brother, Louis Bonaparte, to 
be King of Holland, and on the 5th of June, 1806, Louis, against his own inclination, 
was proclaimed king. Thus ended the Batavian Republic. 

Louis endeavoured to govern Holland in the interests of the Hollanders, but 
during his four years' sovereignty he found the nation a difficult one to rule, more- 
over the Emperor had other designs on Holland than the welfare of its inhabitants, 
and consequently was displeased with his brother, and compelled him to abdicate 
on I July, 1810. For four years followed a union with France and then the 
restoration of the House of Orange. 


The Prince of Orange to Hartsixck. 

Acknowledges the receipt of a petition signed by all the directors of the 
Genuine Patriotic Club (g) begging him to support the petition of the citizens and 
inhabitants of Amsterdam to the States General for the restoration of the 
Constitution and the unimpaired maintenance of the privileges upon which the real 
liberty of the inhabitants of the Netherlands is based. 

"You know how little weight my intercession carries, at present, in the 
Assembly of Holland and how small my influence is upon the deliberations of their 
High Mightinesses the States. I will endeavour, nevertheless, so far as in me 
lies," etc., etc. 

Dated : Nijmegen, 29 May, 1787. 

Signed : "Your obedient servant, W. Pr. of Orange." (h) 


Hartsinck to the Prince of Orange. 

Expresses his loyalty, regrets the unfortunate plight of the House of Orange 
and gives his opinion on the measures most likely to lead towards a possible 

Dated : Hamburg, 10 February, 1795. 

Signed : "Your Serene Highness' most submissive, obedient and loyal ser\-ant, 
J. C. Hartsinck." (i) 


Hartsinck to the Prince of Orange. (7) 
Treats of the state of affairs and of arms on the Continent of Europe. 
Dated : Hamburg, 26 February, 1795. 

(g) Founded by Hartsinck, who was its president. When the so-called patriots commenced their pillage between 
30 and 31 May, 17S7, Hartsinck was obliged, in order to save his life, to absent himself. He went to England, whence 
he returned after the restoration of order in October of the same year. 

{h) This, being the usual signature, will not be repeated in the pr6cis. 

(i) This signature will not be repeated. 

{j ) \ hardly legible press copy. 


Cover of a Letter. 
Addressed '• A Monsieur, Monsieur Hartsinck, Ministre de LL. HH. PP. (k) 
les Etats Generaux des Provinces Unies a Hamburg." Seal combining the arms of 
the Netherlands and of Great Britain. 

Posted at Isleworth, loth Marcli, 1795 il). 

The Pkinxe of Orange to Hartsinck. 

Acknowledges his letter of loth February, thanks him for his loyal sentiments 
and concludes : 

" You could do me a great service, if you remain in Germany, by informing me 
of what comes to your knowledge and, in particular, of the progress of the 
respective armies and of whatever occurs in our unhappy country." 

Dated : Hampton Court, lo March, 1795. 

The Princess of Orange to Hartsinck. 
Acknowledges receipt although a little late of Mr. H's. letter and enclosure for 
the Prince. Read his sentiments with pleasure but without surprise, having always 
done justice to his principles and to his attachment to the good cause. Trusts she 
may again be in a position to show gratitude and that their unhappy country may 
be freed from the enemies who actually oppress it. The Prince intends himself 
answering Mr. H's. letter. The Princess does not know whether he is informed 
that Mr. de Byland and Md. his sister (in), share their lot, but he will be glad to 
hear that they are very well and with the Prince and Princess here, Mr. de Byland 
having directed the Princess's voyage from Holland, whence they were obliged to 
escape in a fishing boat. 

Dated : Hampton Court, 10 March, 1795. 
Signed : " Your affectionate servant, Wilhelmine " (n). 

Addressed on the outside : A Monsieur Monsieur Hartsinck, Envoye Extra- 
ordinaire de L. H. P. les Etats Generaux des Provinces Unies a Hambourg. 

(k) Leurs Hautes Puissances, [heir High Mightinesses. 

(I) There are several covers of letters, without date, whii:h will be referred to at the end of this section. 

(;/:) De Byland married a sister of Hartsinck. 

{«) The signature will not be repeated. 


The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 

I have received your letter of the 21st and must renew my expressions of 
gratitude for the true friendship which you show ine and for the proofs which you 
give of your attachment to the lawful constitution of our unhappy country. I thank 
you also for the use which you have made of the letters which I wrote to 
Groningen, Friesland and Drenthe and I hope that they may reach their destination. 
I am also greatly obliged to you for informing me of your letter to Their High 
Mightinesses and of what has occurred since my departure. This has enabled me 
to learn many particulars that were still unknown to me. I have not received a 
single letter from Holland nor from any of the Provinces since my departure. I 
believe that Mr. Registrar Fagel (0) will do well not to return to Holland. He 
would risk being treated like Mr. Pensionary van de Spiegel (p). I think that his 
brother (q), who is Minister in Denmark, will also do well not to return to Holland. 
For the rest, I request you to continue to inform me of all that comes to your 
knowledge as happening in Europe and particularly in Germany and in our unhappy 
country, and I declare myself to remain with consideration." 

Dated : Hampton Court, 13 March, 1795. 

The Hereditary Pri.vce to Hartsinck. 

Asks Hartsinck's leave to have his letters addressed to Hartsinck's care, and 
requesting him to forward them. 

Signed : " Your obedient sei-vant, W. Hereditary Prince of Orange." (r) 
Dated : Hampton Court, 17 March, 1795. 

Hartsinck to the Princess of Orange. 
Acknowledges kindness of her letter of the loth of this month. Sends a 
translation of his declaration and protests just sent to the soi-disant States General 

(0) Maltre Hendric Fagel (1765-1838), assistant registrar or clerk to the States General, ambassador to England 1768 
and 1813-1S24, minister of Stale, Privy Councillor, member of the States of Holland, &c., created a Baron in 1815. 

Of) Laurens Pietervan de Spiegel (1737-1800) a Dutch statesman of distinction, Pensionary of Zeeland from 1785 
In 1795, the French deprived him of all his dignities and kept him in prison for six months without trial and for three 
years later at Woerden. 

(^) Jacob Fagel (1766-1835) Minister to Denmark 1793-95, and a privy councillor. 

(>•) This signature will not be repeated. 



of the United Provinces, in answer to the pretended letters of recall these usurpers 
of the lawful power of his Sovereigns had sent him. Professions of devotion. 
The reception of the King and Queen of England given to him whenever in their 
presence, induces him to ask the Princess to acquaint the Queen, and the Prince 
the King, with his, Mr. H's, conduct. Mr. H. cannot address the King officially, 
although a member of the Cercle of the Basse Saxe as there is not one of the 
Princes of the Cercle then here. Believes the Princess will not refuse him the dis- 
tinction. Neither his brother-in-law de Byland, nor his sister can be insensible to 
Her Royal Highness's preference in appointing him (Mr. de Byland), Superin- 
tendent of her voyage, and Mr. H. is penetrated by the Princess's goodness in 
allowing his sister to accoriipany her in the fishing-boat, etc. 

Not dated. [28 March 1795.] 

The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 
Asks him to forward an enclosure to Fagel. 
Dated : London, 7 April, 1795. 

The Princess of Orange to Hartsinck. 

Received his letter of 28 March, with the document to the Government actually 
seated at the Hague, in which he certainly explains his feelings with much energy, 
his zeal, etc., for the old and legitimate Government and for the House of Orange 
would find few to equal them, and she will always recognise them and not less than 
the King and Queen of England do justice to his sentiments. 

Dated : Hampton Court, 14 April, 1795. 

The Hereuitarv Prince to Hartsinck. 

Acknowledges the receipt of a communication and expresses his conviction 
of " your true attachment to the dear country, of which I have always been 

Dated : Hampton Court, 21 April, 1795. 


The Pkince ok Orange to Haktsixck. 

Encloses letters to be delivered to Fagel and others, thanks him for his 
communication " and I read with much pleasure the replies which you received 
from His Prussian Majesty and from the Duke of Brunswick. God grant that our 
unhappy country may be delivered from the French," etc. 

Dated : London, 8 May, 1795. 

Prince Frederick to Hartsinck. 

Requests Mr. H. to transmit a letter enclosed to The Hague by a sure hand, 
being assured he will have the opportunity of doing so from Hamburg. Begs 
remembrances to Mr. H's. wife and to Messrs. Fagel and Bentinck. 

Signed : " Your very humble and very obedient servant, 

Fr. Pr. d'Orange " (s). 
Dated : Hampton Court, 10 May, 1795. 

The Hereditary Prince to Hartsinck. 

Acknowledges the receipt of a letter and recommends the bearer of these 
presents, Mr. Opdenhof. 

Dated : Hampton Court, 18 May, 1795. 

The Prince ok Orange to Hartsinck. 
Asks him to assist Opdenhof, the Prince's steward, in various ways. 
Dated : Hampton Court, i June, 1795. 

s) The signature will not be repeated. 


The Hekeditary Prince to Haktsinck. 

Thanks Mr. H. for the trouble he took to discover the Prince of Darmstad and 
is very pleased to hear that he is in possession of that with which he was entrusted 
for him. Shares the most distressing news received from time to time of the 
unhappy Republic. Courage desirable, and hopes that the factions and cabals which 
have ruined the country will meet with their deserts in the more solid confirmation 
of a constitution they have overthrown, which can alone prove the happiness and 
security of the State. 

Dated : Hampton Court, 16 June, 1795. 

N.B. — There is a reference in this and in most letters to enclosures. These 
will not, as a rule, be mentioned in the precis. A letter merely covering enclosures 
will be described as formal. 

Prince Frederick to Hartsinck. 

Dated : Hampton Court, 19 June, 1795. 


The Pkixce of Orange to Hartsinck. 

Declares that he is not forgetting the interests of well-intentioned people in 
the motherland and hopes that his endeavours will not be fruitless. " More I 
cannot say for the present nor coniide to paper." 

Dated : Hampton Court, 22 June, 1795. 

Unknown Correspondent to Hartsinck. 

His Excellency is goodness itself to rejoice him with some hope. Every hour 
is good for that and deserves the most sincere gratitude. 


[20] He speedily sent all his family to bed in order to read his correspondent's good 

news at leisure. Heaven grant that they may come true. 

What he is able to assure him is that the news of eleven vessels from the 
Indies is true and certain, seven or eight substantial tradesmen having to-day 
received them. He believed His Excellency knew it, otherwise would have 
informed him. 

It is said that England will hold good. God grant it. The writer will be 
indebted to him for ever and ever. 

Dated 13 July [1795]. 

The letter is signed with a monogram. 

The envelope is addressed "A Son E.xcellence, Monsieur de Harsting." Seal 
two shields surmounted by a crown (and the envelope is docketed " 13 Juillet" in 
Hartsinck's hand, therefore delivered on the day of writing). The year is not given 
but see post (37) an envelope in the same hand and sealed with the same arms and 
docketed " 31 Juillet, 1795." 

The Prince of Or.wge to H.xhtsin'ck. 

Thanks him for his care in managing certain financial matters and encloses 
eight copies, in German, of his manifesto, requesting him to make the necessary use 
of them with the Hanseatic Towns, and a copy in Dutch and in French. The Prince 
asks if there is a chance of placing a few Dutch and French copies of this document 
in Holland and suggests that it might be advisable to print the German manifesto in 
exienso in the Hamburger Zeitung. 

Dated : Hampton Court, 14 July, 1795. 

The Hereditary Prinxe to Hartsixck. 

Acknowledges receipt of letter of 27th ult. Thanks him for undertaking a 
portion of the commissions entrusted to Opdenhof, which his short sojourn at 
Hamburg prevented his executing. Recognises Mr. H's. zeal and good will. 
Thanks him for the care he took of the Prince of Hesse Darmstad's letter, does not 
doubt it safely reached him. 


[22] Suffers much uneasiness owing to the turn the affairs of the country have taken. 

His brother {u) shortly goes to the Continent, authorised by his father to enquire 
on the spot as to the means of reassembhng the Troops of the State outside the 
Country in order that, if possible, and if promising successfully, it may be imme- 
diately undertaken, England having decided to enable his father to provide for the 
expenses of this projected gathering which will, at least, supply bread to many 
brave officers in misery, owing to their fidelity to their oaths and duty. This 
communicated under the seal of the strictest secrecy ; were it to become prema- 
turely known the end would be injured. Closes with usual comjiliments. 

Dated : Hampton Court, 14 July, 1795. 

The Heredit.aky Pkinxe to Va\ dek Maesex {v). 

Thanks him for news, hastens to inform him by that day's courier of a piece to 
which he assuredly will not be indifferent as it will fulfil the wishes of so many 
brave officers and men — viz., that his brother is by his father's order, immediately 
returning to the Continent in order to determine as to places and means for the 
muster of an Army of Troops of the State outside the Country, and to place all in 
order for at once carrying it out if the project has a promise of success. Convinced 
of his zeal for the service and his interest in all that can contribute to the re- 
establishment of things in the Republic, is satisfied of his concurrence, asks him to 
gather the wandering officers and soldiers of the State Troops as well as those 
within the Republic with all circumspection, and to assemble and encourage as 
many as possible to meet at one or other of the places outside the States of the 
King of Prussia and behind the cordon of his troops, until his brother arrives, who 
will dispose of them as he sees fit. All these preliminary steps to be as secret as may 
be — for expenses hopes the Colonel will be able to find money necessary, the return 
of which the Prince guarantees, as well as the costs of obtaining news from the 
interior of the Republic. They will be fortunate if these measures tend to the 
exchange of the actual Government, which fills the Prince with horror and 
desolation, for that ancient regime under which the Country alone can be happy and 
benefit by a pacification. 

Dated : Hampton Court, 14 July, 1795. 


The Hereditary Prince to Haktsinck. 

Thanks him for letter of 4th iiist., and for his trouble. If he has not disposed 
of the money remitted by Opdenhof to him on the Prince's account, requests him to 
hold it at the disposition of Lt.-Col. van der Maesen, whom he has authorised to 
use it provisionally for certain advances to Dutch soldiers who are at Osnabriick 
until the arrival of his brother enables him to pay them. If the money has been 
disposed of, requests him to advance a similar amount, the repayment of which he 
undertakes to make in a short while. 

Dated : Hampton Court, 16 July, 1795. 


The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 
Explains the true position of Count von Pfaff von Pfaffenhoven, who holds no 
commission from the Prince, and requests Hartsinck not to advance the said Count 
any further moneys (w). 

Dated : Hampton Court, 17 July, 1795. 

The Hereditary Prince to Van der Maesen (x). 

" In my former letter of the 14th instant, which I hope that you have received 
safely, I expressed my views on the subject of a projected muster of the national 
troops outside the borders. I will, therefore, not repeat the request therein contained, 
but will only inform you by means of this letter, which will be handed you by Mr. 
Ragay, that Osnabriick has been appointed as the rallying-point of the Dutch Army. 
Wherefore I request you to charge all the officers and men of the troops of the state, 
who are there already, to remain there pending the arrival of my brother, who will 
shortly start on his journey, and to supply them and any others who may arrive, 
should they require it, with financial assistance, through the means which I 
suggested to you in my former letter, recommending you to observe the greatest 
possible economy in this connection. 

Should you meet with any difficulty in obtaining temporary resources in the 
manner suggested in my former letter, you can obtain for my account from Mr. 
Hartzinck [sic] at Hamburg the sum of five thousand guilders, which he holds at 
your disposal." 

Dated : Hampton Court, 17 July [1795]. 

n a letter dated 29 July. 1795, posl (34). 


The Herkditakv Fkince to Haktsinci- 

Hopes he lias received letters of the 14th and i6th, the contents of which will 
not have been indifferent to him because of the part he takes in the affairs of the 
Republic and the means employed for the triumph of the good cause. Refers to 
arrangements made with Mr. v. d. Maesen which led the Prince to request Mr. H. to 
hold at Mr. v. d. Maesen's disposition the fund Mr. H. wishes Mr. de Pfaff may 
employ, assigned to the former for ends of greater importance. Repeats request 
made in former letter as he cannot retract what he has written in this respect to 
Mr. V. d. Maesen. His brother hopes to go to sea in a few days ; he trusts the 
success of the voyage will answer the hopes which it is to the general interest 
should he fully realised. 

Dated : Hampton Court, 20 July, 1795. 

The Pkixce oe Okange to the King oe Prussia (_>')• 

Communicates scheme for the release of the Prince's country, asks for approval 
and support. The majority of the officers of the Army and of the Marines have 
refused the sen-ice of the usurpers of the supreme power in the Prince's country 
and hence lost their employment in consequence. Being starving, the Prince 
applied to His Britannic Majesty for means to muster them and prevent the 
disbanding wholly of the State Army, so that when circumstances allowed 
of its re-entering the Republic of the United Provinces, it might be efhcient. 
The King of England having furnished the requisite pecuniary help, the Prince sent 
his younger son to Germany to there assemble the officers, non-commissioned 
officers and men of the army of the Republic who could join. Asks for orders for 
free passage for those proceeding to the gathering place and leaving the Republic 
with that" object. Osnabriick chosen as the rallying place. Implores aid to 
re-establish constitution guaranteed by the King (of Prussia), destroyed, not by 
the will of the people, but by a cabal without legal qualification supported by 
French arms. 

Dated : Windsor, 22 July, 1795. 

(y) This copy was enclosed by Prince Frederick in a letter to Hartsinck dated 13 August, 1795. foil (46). 

corkp:spondence with the house of okange. 

The Prinxess of Orange to Haktsinck. 

Requests Mr. H. to give the enclosed to her son on his aniv;il :it Hamburg. 
If his coming to the Continent be unknown, Mr. H. will do the Princess the 
pleasure of not speaking of it. Mr. H. will, no doubt, unite his prayers to theirs for 
the success of the Prince's commission and will be delighted that, thanks to the 
generosity and noble manner of doing things in England, they can come to the 
help of so many brave men who would otherwise become the victims of their 
fidelity and duty. 

Dated: Windsor, 24 July, 1795. 

Hartsin'ck to Prince Frederick. 

Has just learned the good news given him by the Hereditary Prince by his last 
letters of the 14th and i6th inst., has been verified more quickly than he dared 
hope. Is assured that Mr. Ragay, who must have passed through Bremen, has 
brought our officers orders to proceed directly to Osnabriick, and that the Prince 
intended to embark last Tuesday on an English frigate at Yarmouth, bound for this 
port. Expects, therefore the Prince will be at Osnabriick when this arrives there. 
E.xtols the Prince ; while the House of Orange exists ought not to despair of seeing 
the country saved. Hopes the Prince may pass through Hamburg, although not 
probable, and has made arrangements in that event to avoid the Prince's alighting at 
an inn ; neither the writer's fortune nor house admit of his receiving the Prince as 
he would have wished, but relies on devotion supplementing deficiencies. His 
services and himself at Hamburg or elsewhere are at the Prince's disposal. Will be 
in waiting if the Prince considers it desirable. Offers his secretary should the Prince 
require a zealous and faithful man in that capacity. For the victualling department 
recommends the former Director of the Army Bakery, Weinhardt, whose manage- 
ment saved all belonging to that department, as the Prince will perceive, from the 
document, of which the writer sends a copy, with the letter he (Weinhardt) has 
just written him. Gives him an excellent character. The Count de Pfaffenhoffen, 
who has undertaken to deliver this letter, is too well known to the Prince to need 
that he (the Prince) should be assured that he has proved his attachment to the 
Prince's house,- has boundless zeal, and acted towards the soldiers, whom he received 
when they had no other resource, with a nobleness and generosity securing him the 
good will and protection of a Prince who distinguishes merit so well as His Serene 
Highness. The Count de Gimel, who arranged with Count de Pfaff for the muster 
of the Artillery Corps and retains it at the orders of the Prince, requests the writer 
to forward the enclosed to the Prince. 

Dated : Hamburg, 26 July, 1795. 



Hearing through his letters, just to hand from England, that H.S.H. will pass 
through Hamburg, is induced to take the liberty of begging H.S.H. to alight at the 
house of one of his most faithful and devoted servants. H.S.H. cannot be received 
as Mr. H. would wish and ought to receive him, but he (the Prince) will, at his 
house, be safer, more quiet, and greeted with greater zeal and attachment than 
anywhere else, as a favour begs the opportunity of showing the degree of their 
devotion to him. 

Dated : Hamburg, 27 July [1793]. 

The Prince of Orange to Haktsinck. 

Thanks him for his zeal in the good cause and sends him an enclosure for the 
Prince's second son, to be handed, if he has left Hamburg, to the Prince's 
daughter (z). who will forward it. 

Dated : Windsor, 28 July, 1795. 

The Princess of Orange to Hartsinck. 


Dated : Windsor, 29 July, 1795 

Van der Maesen to Hartsinck. 

Acknowledges receipt of all letters from His Excellency (Mr. H.) and as well 
of the second sum of money of 6,050 Horins, of which Count George de Pfaff has 
taken 1,100 Horins current money ot Holland. Sends copies of two letters f'a J 
written by the Hereditary Prince to him. Requests Mr. H. to send him as soon as 

(:) Frederica Louisa Wilhelmina fi770-iSi9/ married 14 October, 1796. 10 Charles George Augustus. Htreditary 
Prince of Brunswick, who died in iSofi. 
(a) anie (23) (26). 


[34] possible the sum of 5,000 florins, of which he speaks, on an authorisation to take 
this sum from the money sent by Count de Pfaff. He has already disbursed 1,200 
florins of his own funds, so that he must break into the little gold he has left for 
the relief of their unfortunate oflkers. Sorry for Mr. de Pfaff that this will make 
his levy wanting in case his corps is not to form a portion of that of the Prince's, 
and hopes expenses will be defrayed for the people with him, as he foresees that 
when the Prince Frederick arrives they will naturally leave the Corps de Pfaff and 
attach themselves to the Prince. Also, in order that not a man should be lost to 
the Prince, he has given them pay without any other engagement. Trusts this 
course will have Mr. H.'s approval, and not knowing what advances Mr. H. may 
have made to Mr. de Pfaff, requests he may be informed, so as to be able to, if 
necessary, reimburse Mr. H. This between themselves : more precautions are 
taken in Holland than formerly about the egress of persons, and all letters are 
opened. There is much ado to bring about a fresh capitulation for the Swiss 
Brigade. Mr. de Witt is about to be sent to Berne for the purpose. Desires 
arrival of Prince Frederick and to give Mr. H. proofs of the respectful devotion he 
has vowed to him for ever (b). 

Dated : Osnabriick, 29 July, 1795. 

Hartsin'ck to the Prince of Orange. 

Says that he has had the honour of seeing His Serene Highness Prince 
Frederick in perfect good health. 

Dated : Hamburg, 30 July, 1795. 

Hartsinck to Van der Maesen. 

" Monseigneur the Prince Frederick, who did me the honour of spending 
twenty-four hours at my house, left here half-an-hour after mid-day for Brunswick, 
where he intended to delay as little as possible in order to come and join you. Sir, 
and to give by his presence that tire and activity to the scheme he proposed which 
he is so well fitted to inspire. 

While conversing with His Highness upon the subject of the Corps of the 
Count de Pfaff, of his zeal and of the noble and generous manner in which he has 
dealt with all that has occurred in this business, I took the liberty of proposing 
[here follow financial details]. 

((5) Lt.-Col. Van der Maesen was in command of the muster of loyal Dutch troops at Osnabriick. 


r^fi] I conceive that you already at this moment have a large number of Dutch 

officers with you, and when once they shall have received in Holland the certain 
information that Prince Frederick is with you, I do not doubt that nearly the whole 
army will desert. 

May you, Sir, and your brave companions have all the glory and all the success 
that I wish you ; and be the first to see the reestablishment of a family so 
unworthily treated by a nation to which it should have been sacred. 

Dated : 31 July, 1795. 


In the same hand as (20) and sealed with the same arms, addressed " A Son 
Excellence Monsieur de Hartsinck, Ministere Plenipotentiaire de LL. HH. PP. 
En son Hostel. Avec une Corbeille." Docketed, in Hartsinck's hand, "31 Juillet, 

The Hereditary Prince io Hartsinck. 
Acknowledges receipt of letter of 21 July, reiterates his sense of obligation for 
Mr. H's. care, relies fully upon him as well for information as early as possible of 
the result of what he does. Trusts his wishes respecting the money have been 
carried out. 

Dated : Hampton Court, 3 August, 1795. 


The King of Prussia (c) io the Prince of Orange. 

Acknowledges receipt of Prince's letter. Assures him of the lively and warm 
interest the King takes in his family, and of the desire to repair his misfortune and 
wrongs, but will not disguise the imprudence and danger of a muster at Osnabriick 
of the fugitives of the army of Holland. The strongest reason against the Prince's 

U) Frederick William, King of Prussia, ir44-i797- 


[39] Pt'oject being the fact that Osnabriick is situated within the line of demarcation 
drawn by the treaty of Basle. This line, approved by the Hanoverian Minister 
the King conceived as the sole means of covering the North of Germany, and he 
obtained it with much trouble, as from every point of view it fetters the operations 
of the French army and protects the neighbouring countries, and by name the 
Electorate of Hanover, the Bishopric of Osnabriick, and the German Territories of 
the Prince. The strictest neutrality promised in return — the smallest hostile 
demonstration would break the pledge and the French would avenge it without 
delay. Cannot therefore permit the muster under Prince -Frederick. Appreciates 
the Prince's care of his brave men, but they are too feeble to contend and would 
upset the peace and bring fresh ruin about (d). 

Dated : Berlin, 3 August, 1795. 

The Duke of Brunswick to Prince Frederick. 

Hastens to forward copy of the King of Prussia's reply to the Prince of Orange, 
which the King has just caused to be communicated to him (the Duke), with orders 
to inform the Prince (Frederick). The reply negativing the Prince's proposal, and 
the King having ordered his generals accordingly, hastens to inform the Prince and 
so carry out the intentions of the King, the Prince's uncle, and is also charged to 
beg the Prince not to compromise the King in an enterprise he (the King) is bound 
to consider as an infringement of the stipulated neutrality. Writes similarly to the 
Regents of Hanover and of Osnabriick. 

Dated : Brunswick, 6 August, 1795 (d). 

The Princess of Orange to Hartsinck. 
Would have been delighted to have seen him here, but believes his presence 
necessary in Germany, and in particular her son would have been very sorry to 
have missed him at Hamburg. The Prince has gone upon a journey into the 
country of some days and has authorised her to see his packets during his 
absence. This is the last mail to arrive, and so they have no news of the voyage of 
their younger son. 

Dated : Hampton Court, 6 August, 1795. 

(rf) This copy enclosed by Prince Frederick in a letter to Hartsinck, dated 13 August. 1795, post (461. 



The Hereditary Prince to Hartsinck. 

Encloses a list of securities, requesting him to cause them to reach the Hague 
without naming the Prince, and there have them exchanged for bonds, if on the 
footing promised when the lotteries were stopped, but if the new bonds carry only 
2^ "/o interest, to retain them in the original, and not to forward them to Holland, 
but return them to the Prince ; they belong to his son, he cannot, therefore, dispose 
of them as though they belonged to himself, nor consent to any diminution. Has 
heard of his brother's arrival at Hamburg ; much appreciates the reception Mr. H. 
gave him. 

Dated : Hampton Court, 10 August, 1795. 


Van der Maesen to Hartsixck. 

" I have had the honour to receive your dear letters of the 31st July, of the ist, 
3rd and 5th of this month. 

I will begin by making you acquainted with pecuniary affairs. You sent me 
a sum of Fl. 13,650 and this I will, etc. 

Count George (/) has again drawn upon me a bill of exchange for a hundred 
Louis d'or, or Carolines. If I pay this one, then the money I have disbursed for 
Mr. de Pfaff amounts to the sum of Fl. 5,790 : 7, as you will see by the account 
attached hereto. Prince Frederick told me, on his arrival, that I ought to use all 
the money which I had in the chest and which had been sent me by you for the 
recruiting. I cannot, however, allow the last hundred Louis to be thus protested 
at this time and while awaiting the disentanglement of affairs and the agreements 
to be come to. As the Count has remitted Fl. 3,450 to you on account of my 
disbursements, he merely then owes the Prince (excepting the reimbursements 
which should be made him in respect of the recruits whom he gave up to the 
Prince and the other settlements to be made), the sum of Fl. 2,498 : 4, of which I 
shall endeavour to render him an account with the most moderate fairness and in 
the most accurate order." 

Dated : 10 August, 1795. 

(/) Brother of Count de Pfaff. 



Count de Walmoden to Baron de Gross (g). 

Unites in letter just addressed to him by Prince Frederick of Orange, and in 
accordance with the countenance given by the King of England to the generous 
and charitable plan of the Prince, claims the generous help of Russia. A false view 
taken of the projected muster at Osnabriick, never was hostile — only of brief 
duration — without military objects. Urges the execution of the plan. 

Dated : Wilmenhoust, 12 August, 1795 (A). 

Prin'ce Frederick to Baron de Gross. 

Requests the Minister's help in his (the Prince's) delicate position and at a 
critical juncture. The King of England has given his (the Prince's) father the 
means of collecting a large, perhaps the greater, part of the Dutch army. Charged 
by his father to collect the remnants of the army and assemble them at Osnabruck, 
was executing the commission, furnished wdth a letter of recommendation to the 
King of Prussia, when he was stopped by the letter, of which a copy annexed, of 
the Duke of Brunswick, as well as that of the King of Prussia to the Prince's father 
in reply to his father's letter to the King. Publicity unnecessarily given by Prussia 
to the scheme — opposition enough to retard its progress until receipt of further 
orders from England, but Prussia wrote to Regents of Osnabruck and Hanover, 
rendering them unfavourable, and even ordered her commandant at Osnabruck to 
notify the Prince that he was instantly to remove thence three or four hundred 
men, ofiicers and privates of the Dutch forces who had already arrived there, 
without arms, and for the most part, without uniform, lodged at their own expense, 
and who quietly betook themselves to a refuge it was assumed they could not be 
refused. The Prince, embarrassed by the fate of these men, implores a fresh 
asylum and aid, such as Col. Deimaer, the bearer, will indicate. The muster had 
no hostile object. Earnestly requests the minister's good offices (/j). 

Dated : Bremen, 13 August [1795]. 

(g) The minister of the Emperor of Russia at Hamburg. 

(h) This copy enclosed by Prince Frederick in a letter to Hartsinck of 13 August, 1795, post (46). 


Prince Frederick to Hartsinck. 

Apologizes for not having sooner written, since leaving Mr. H. at Hamburg 
has been incessantly travelling. Thanks Mr. H. for his attention during the Prince's 
sojourn at Hamburg, has left the carriage and books lent him with his (the Prince's) 
sister at Brunswick, she having promised their return. Mr. H. may be already 
informed of the obstacles the King of Prussia has thought proper to place in the 
way of the muster of their brave army. His Majesty not being only content with 
forbidding the passage across his territory to the Dutch soldiers who wish to unite 
with us, but also orders the Prussian general, who is still in garrison at Osnabriick, 
to inform the Prince that, being unable to permit the said muster within the line of 
demarcation, the Prince and the Dutch must depart thence. Warned, the Prince 
was not at Osnabriick when this order arrived there, first went to confer with 
Generals de Walmoden and Dundas to settle with them what was to be done. 
Determined to really retire these persons from Osnabruck but also in order that it 
should not have the appearance of a fact accomplished, that it should be by 
degrees. Now much embarrassed about a place for the men, for apart from the 
number of troops in those parts, nearly all quarters are already occupied in Hanover 
as well as in the Duchy of Oldenburg. Dreads much trouble with the Regents, 
His Prussian Majesty having thought proper to write to the Regents of Osnabruck 
and of Hanover, enjoining them very distinctly not to permit any muster of troops 
on their territory, and asking plainly whether they still considered themselves 
neutral or not. His Majesty knowing well what measures to adopt if they were not. 
Astounded, but when Kings, or their Cabinets at least, become Carmagnole, cannot 
be surprised at anj-thing. His position, meanwhile, vei^ embarassing, and the 
more so inconsequence of non-receipt of fresh instructions from England. All their 
officers and soldiers distributed in various quarters where they can have pay, but for 
the time being cannot be enrolled or wear uniform. If, however, they can find a 
place where the men can assemble together, it would be infinitely better, and with 
this in view the Prince and General de Walmoden have written to Mr. de Gross, 
Russian Minister at Hamburg, for permission for these men to assemble in a country 
belonging to His Imperial Majesty. Requests Mr. H. to press his request ; by means 
of his connection with Mr. de Gross Mr. H. can certainly contribute much towards 
the granting of the request. It must never be regarded as a hostile measure, but 
simply as a means for providing brave men, who will not serve the usurpers of 
the legitimate Government of their country, with subsistence. Requests to be 
remembered to Mr. H's. wife. 

Baron de Diemaer, bearer of this letter, as well as of that of General de 
Walmoden to Mr. de Gross, the said General having charged him, as the friend of 
the latter, to press the request. Begs Mr. H. to communicate to Mr. Fagel the 
contents of this letter when sending the enclosed to him ; and also to take care that 
all letters addressed to the Prince from England should be sent to him directly 
here, where he intends to domicile himself for the time being. 

Within the above were enclosed letters (28), (39), (40), (44) and (45) ante. 

Dated : Bremen, 13 August, 1795. 



The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 

Mostly on money matters, ending " God grant that the measures taken for the 

salvation of the Motherland may be crowned with His blessing, and that they will 

succeed in releasing the once free and happy Netherlands from the yoke under 

which they are at present suffering." 

Dated : Hampton Court, 13 August, 1795. 

Hartsinck to Prince Frederick. 

Yesterday evening accidentally met, at the assembly of the Countess de 
Bentinck, Baron de Diemaer, who handed him (Mr. H.) the letter from the Prince 
of the 13th inst., confirming the bad news in Mr. van der Maesen's letter of the 
loth inst, he had already suspected from an article inserted in the gazettes of this 
conntry by order of the OsnabriJck magistracy. Mr. de Gross was in the absolute 
impossibility of fulfilling the Prince's wishes, but Mr. H. constantly saw him to talk 
of the matter, with the expected result that he, Mr. de Gross, expressed the liveliest 
desire to oblige the Prince, but showed plainly he could not in the present case, 
having neither claim nor power with the Government of Geveren, saying that all 
he could do was to send with its enclosures to his Court the letter Mr. Diemaer sent 
him on the Prince's part, which he had already engaged with Mr. Diemaer and the 
Minister of England to do. Not knowing their contents, Mr. H. thought the idea 
good, and offered Mr. de Gross to pay a courier. On seeing (this morning) the 
documents, believed the Prince's intention to be only to inform Mr. de Gross of 
such circumstances as would secure a momentary service and not to engage him as 
Russian minister to convey to his sovereign's Cabinet the correspondence between 
the King of Prussia and the Prince Stadtholder ; otherwise the Prince would have 
sought an order from the Emperor (of Russia) to the Government of Geveren to 
receive the soldiers there— the Prince could have directly addressed the Empress or 
asked Mr. de Gross to do so, for the Emperor could not grant a favour not requested. 
Messrs. Fraser and Diemaer (i) being of the same mind, have requested Mr. de 
Gross to defer forwarding these documents until it could be learnt whether the 
Prince wished it, which Mr. de Gross promised the more readily considering the 
step should be taken on behalf of His Britannic Majesty, either through the EngHsh 
Minister at Petersburg or by the Russian Minister at London. 

Trusts the Prince will take his action in good part — the consequences 
of the communication of such a correspondence to the Imperial Ministers 


[48] might be unpleasant — a slight delay, therefore, preferable to risk. Count de 
Pfaff told Mr. H.last Saturday, upon his return to Hamburg, that on the journey 
he had heard the King of Prussia had put obstacles in the way of the Prince's plans, 
and thereupon he had written to Mr. van der Maesen requesting him to propose on 
his behalf to the Prince, that he should avail himself of the two depots at his 
disposal. Communicated to him the Prince's arrival at Bremen, whither he 
instantly repaired to confer with the Prince on the subject. This letter may 
precede him, but he will not delay to reach Bremen. 

Dated : Hamburg, 17 August, 1795. 

Prince Frederick to Hartsinxk. 

The Prince's request to Mr. de Gross was his own, and unauthorised by 
superior order, was duly dealt with. He can only await what the Court of London 
decides with regard to the fate of his faithful Dutch, who took refuge with him. The 
Count de Walmoden has sheltered them momentarily in his quarters, where they are 
in hiding to escape fresh insult at ihe hands of the Court of Berlin. They were 
hunted out of Osnabriick by the Prussian troops there as vagabonds are hunted. 
The unfortunate officers who have wives and children were compelled to abandon 
them, being refused an hour's delay. He had asked the Prussian commander to 
permit him to send them oft' in little parties, and many so left. Stricter orders have 
reached the Prussian commanders upon this famous line of demarcation worthy of 
maldng an epoch in history — not to allow any Dutch soldier to pass (the frontier) 
unless, indeed, he wishes to join the Prussians, and by means of ill-usage and 
threats, they have succeeded in enticing some thousands from us. Silent 
indignation the Prince's only resource. 

Dated : Bremen, 19 August, 1795. 


Prinxe Frederick to H.^rtsinck. 

Two lines to acknowledge receipt of the letter with copies of two Mr. H. 
received from Sieur Weinhardt. Expects to be at Neinburg on the morrow, where 
he intends to remain ; requests that letters should be sent there to him. Thanks 
Mr. Eraser for his letter and for interesting himself in the Prince's request to Mr. 
de Gro^s respecting le pays de Eeveren. 

Dated : Bremen, 21 August, 1795. 

(The Hartsinck of these Papers). 


Hartsinck to Prince Frederick. 

Received by Mr. Weinhardt the Prince's letter of the 19th inst., approving Mr. 
H's. action with regard to the Russian Minister, Mr. de Gross. He ne.xt day offered 
to return to Mr. H. the Prince's letter and annexes, and to regard the whole as not 
having taken place, as the communication made by the Count de Walmoden to 
England dispensed him from informing his Court (of Russia). Mr. H. thinks the 
papers will be returned to him in the morning ; if not, he will certainly do so at a 
word from the Prince. Is sensible of the suffering caused the Prince by the 
treatment of his soldiers, and praises his care of them ; trusts results may, after all, 
turn out for the advantage of the good cause. Annexes a letter from Count de 
Pfaff, who burns with desire to be of some use. Quotes from letter from the Prince 
of Orange {j ) : "As for Mr. van Pfaff 's business, I cannot decide anything here, 
but must leave it to my son, who is now in Germany, to act in this matter as he 
will judge best for the service of the country." 

Speaks in favour of the Count's efforts in their affairs. Refers to certain sums 
in his hands at the Prince's orders. Has just left Mr. de Gross, who returned 
the Prince's letter and the documents therewith. 

Dated : 22 August [1795]- 

The Hereditary Prince to Hartsinck. 

Nothing yet decided about the Prince's departure ; will accept gladly offer of 
Mr. H's. house, if he goes to Hamburg. Refers to gathering of the army at 
Osnabriick, the delay of it and the difBculties made by the justices of Osnabriick in 
spite of orders. The hindrances caused by the conduct of the King of Prussia 
serious. Trusts, however, the projected assembly will take place ; the recruiting of 
emigrants at Hamburg must be very favourable for us, if you can there obtain us 
recruits secretly. Indebted to him for having sent to Osnabriick those of his 
people, who deserted from the Foreign Corps, in which they were enrolled by 

Dated : Hampton Court, 23 August, 1795. 

(; ) The quotation is in Dutch, the letter being in French. 


Prince Frederick to Hartsinck. 

Informs Mr. H. that he has gone too far in connection with Baron de Gross, 
and that Mr. H. seems to accuse the Prince of having taken a step with regard to 
the Baron he should hide. The Prince merely wished him, not as Minister, to 
take any steps at his Court about the request the Prince made him. The Prince 
desires no mystery — the letter written by the Count de Walmoden to the Baron is 
one the Prince cannot take charge of. Has just received a letter from the Count 
de Pfaff ; the Prince wishes no communication with this officer, whose phns and 
projects he cannot further. 

Dated : Nienburg, 26 August, 1795. 

Maj.-Gen. a. L. va\ Oyen to Hartsinck. 

Monsieur Baudart, Pastor or Cure, a Frenchman, having received orders to 
quit the Hague and having asked for letters for Hamburg, the writer takes the 
liberty of introducing him. 

Dated : The Hague, 29 August, 1795. 

Hartsinck to Prince Frederick. 

Acknowledges receipt of letter of 26th inst. Requests the Prince to read again 
the account, in Mr. H's. two letters of the 17 and 22 August, of what occurred 
between him and the Baron de Gross, and he will discover indubitable proofs of a 
desire to serve him. The Baron had no other object in view. Count de Pfaft's 
services to the soldiers have established such a claim to Mr. H's. consideration that 
he must seize any opportunity of obliging him. Apologizes for his little indiscretion. 

Not dated. 


Prince Frederick to Hartsinck. 

Requests Mr. H. not to send him any more French officers, nor in future to 
advance them money for the journey, certainly not so much as R. 35, as the Prince 
may be unable to repay a sum exceeding a month's pay of a subaltern. 

Dated : Nienburg, 30 August, 1795. 


Prince Frederick to Hartsinck. 

Yesterday, at last, received letters from England, announcing the receipt of 
those entrusted to Sieur Ragay. Although no positive orders to hand respecting 
the course the Prince will now have to pursue, he notices with pleasure that, in 
spite of the action of the Prussian King, the idea of a muster is not abandoned. 
The steps the Prince took with respect to Baron de Gross concerning the Pays de 
Feveren, he tinds, with satisfaction, has met with entire approval. He, therefore, 
returns to Mr. H. the letter he (the Prince) wrote to Baron de Gross begging it may 
be again given him, as steps may be taken from England directly to the Emperor 
(of Russia) to obtain permission to assemble in that country (the Pays de Feveren). 
Wishes Baron de Gross to previously communicate to his Court what the Prince 
had beforehand accomplished with him. 

Dated : Nienburg, 31 August, 1795. 


DcKE OF Brunswick to Prince Frederick (k). 
" Sir, 

I have the honour of communicating to your Highness the letter I have just 
received from M. the Count de Haugwitz, containing the declaration on the part of 
France of her intention to advance an army upon the Weser in order to scatter the 
concentrations she believes are favoured by the Regencies of Hanover and of 
Osnabriick. Your Highness will observe also, by the lines underlined, that his 
sojourn near the British army gives offence. He will kindly return me the Count 
of Haugwitz's letter and honour me with an answer that may be shown," etc. 

Not dated. 

(*) This copy enclosed by Prince Fredericlt in a letter to Hartsinck, dated j September, 1795, post (60). 


Prince Frederick to the Duke of Brunswick (/). 
Acknowledges receipt of the Duke's letter and that of Count von Haugwitz 
therewith, which he returns. Hastens to reply from his point of view and to face 
things in the position in which he finds himself, without, however, asserting that 
his mode of looking at them is the only true and only right mode. No doubt to 
the fatality which has ordained that crime and wickedness should emerge triumphant 
from a struggle, of which the annals of the world up to the present time furnish no 
example, the Prince must ascribe the misfortune, which, in the midst of the 
disgraces his father and family experience, seems to deprive him even of the solace 
of extending some relief to those brave soldiers, who, too noble-minded to grovel 
under the law of the rascals who have overturned an unhappy country, prefer to 
share the misfortunes of the Prince's House and to expose themselves to the chances 
of an uncertain and wandering fortune than to profit by the miserable advantages of 
an existence which would render them vile in their own eyes. After his declaration to 
the King of Prussia the Prince is at a loss to understand how they can still tax as a 
hostile gathering the work which occupies him, and which is limited to furnishing 
a few hundreds of brave officers and men, without arms, with the bare necessaries 
of life, for which they pay ready money in the States of a monarch who has the 
generosity to afford them an asylum, as he is entitled to do, and his father has 
the right of causing these men to pass, if he considers it convenient, into his own 
States of Germany, — a right he enjoys in virtue of those common to him and the 
other Sovereign Princes of the Empire. He as little understands how the design 
can be attributed to his father of wishing to reconquer, with the ruins of an army, 
a country which this same army, when still entire in the midst of the Republic and 
its fortresses, was unable to escape being fettered, as it was, by a concurrence of 
disastrous circumstances, still for the most part unhappily continuing, and 
threatening the downfall of many other States. His father's hopes of re-entering 
the Republic and into possession of his property and dignity are founded upon a 
firmer basis than is afforded by a small company of faithful soldiers ; they rest on 
the King of Prussia. That King will not abandon a house connected with him by 
ties of blood, nor an innocent Republic unfortunate through a war, which it could 
not be reproached with provoking, — a Republic which has never given a shadow of 
a subject of complaint or dissatisfaction to His Majesty, and of which the legitimate 
Government, although now oppressed, reserves the right of claiming a support 
which assures it the sanctity of treaties between His Majesty and itself, treaties 
which cannot be regarded as annihilated, for if honour and loyalty depart from 
other mortals they will yet be found in the Courts of Sovereigns. The Prince's 
commission really a precautionary measure in difficult circumstances ; ventures to 
await the justice and equity of His Prussian Majesty, which will not condemn this 
step considering the uncertainty of events in the future, especially that uncertainty 

(;; This copy was enclosed by Prince Frederick in a letter to Hartsinck dated i September, 1795, pou (60). 


[59] in which the Powers still engaged in war are in respect of the abilities of a crafty 
enemy, who demonstrating pacific sentiments has not an insLint ceased to show 
really hostile acts. The Prince most anxious to escape from his disagreeable and 
embarassing position, but that does not depend on him ; he must wait for superior 
orders, which are on the road, and until then remain purely passive in his position. 
Dated : 31 August, 1795. 

Pkince Frederick to Hartsinck. 

Letters (w) sent herewith proving that the King of Prussia continues 
excessively angry about the muster. Requests Mr. H. to communicate them in a 
friendly manner to Baron de Gross, without, however, delivering them to him, so 
that he may be able to report to his Court how the Ministry of Berlin persists in 
treating them (the Prince and his veterans). Extraordinary, it would not allow him 
to remain in Germany, but all the Prince has done up to the present not having 
taken place without the knowledge and authorisation of His Britannic Majesty, 
he does not intend to allow himself to be driven out by mere words, and therefore 
proposes to continue to endeavour to execute his commission, until he receives 
fresh orders from England. 

Dated : Nienburg, 2 September, 1795. 

The Hereditary Prince to Hartsinck. 

Deplores the catastrophe the Osnabriick gathering underwent and the obstacles 
to its success, which were opposed to a legitimate and just project, which at the 
outset promised well ; feels sure Mr. H. shares the sorrow such hindrances must 
cause all partisans of the good cause. Hopes the assembly may yet take place, but 
now without the success anticipated formerly. Thanks Mr. H. for the decree 
concerning the conversion and interest of property in charge of Holland he 
procured for him, and requests him to still provisionally keep the "lots" 
in question. 

Dated : Hampton Court, 3 September, 1795. 

iml Su;..a, (58) and 159). 


Hartsinck to Prin'ce Frederick. 

The Prince's order not to send French officers will free Mr. H. from the 
daily embarassment of either refusing them means to go or of giving them more 
than the Prince approves. Requests instructions as to foreign and national officers 
who have sen'ed in the army — whether to send them, and how much he may 
advance them. 

Dated : Hamburg, 3 September, 1795. 



Has handed Mr. de Gross the letter brought within that of the Prince to 
Mr. H. of the 31st August. He intends to at once communicate its contents to his 
Court, and will inform the Prince, to whom he presents his respects, of the answer 
as soon as he receives it. God grant the good intentions, mentioned by the Prince 
as existing in England in favour of their brave soldiers, may be carried out and 
that they may be indemniiied for the troubles they have recently experienced. 

Dated : 4 September, 1795. 


The Prince of Or.\xge to Hartsixck. 

Asks for a list of letters sent and received by him, and deals further wi 
financial arrangements. 

Dated : Hampton Court, 4 September, 1795. 


Hartsixck to Prince Frederick. 

Acknowledges receipt this morning of the Prince's letter to him of the 2nd of 
this month. Visited Mr. de Gross and communicated in the former way the three 
letters sent him (Mr. H.) by the Prince, giving him to understand the Prince had 
so directed him to do, that he (Mr. de Gross) might acquaint his Court with the 
manner in which the Berlin Ministry continued to act in their regard ; for which 
he requested Mr. H. to thank the Prince and to assure him that he would carry 
out his wishes as on the former occasion, and asked for copies. The Prince having 
expressly desired Mr. H. to informally acquaint the Baron and not to hand over 
the documents, Mr. H. now awaits further instructions. 

Not dated. [7 September, 1795.] 

The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 

Thanks for repaying to his daughter certain moneys which she had disbursed 
for the Prince as advanced to him. 

Dated : Hampton Court, 8 September, 1795. 


Prince Frederick to Hartsinck. 

Thanks him for letter of the 7th inst., and the communication of the documents 
to Baron de Gross. Requests Mr. H. to furnish the Baron with the copies wished 
for, rather as from himself than the Prince. The last English letters have brought 
nothing positive regarding their fate. His situation daily more unpleasant. Mr. H. 
will already have been informed that the French have passed the Rhine near 
Oerdinge with 20,000 men under the orders of Genl. Fourdans ; they also declare 
they must have the same day attempted the passage on the side of Cologne and 
Manheim ; nevertheless the Prince not informed whether this succeeded. 

Dated : Nienburg, 10 September, 1795. 


The Prin'cess of Orange to Hartsixck. 

Thanks him for his last letters. The persecution experienced by her younger 
son and the trammels placed on the execution of his commission annoy the 
Princess. Her eldest son left yesterday for Berlin ; as he is in great haste the 
Princess does not think he will pass through Hamburg. He may on his return, and 
will be delighted to have the opportunity of meeting Mr. H. The Prince has just 
left for Portsmouth, where he will stay some days. 

Dated : Hampton Court, 12 September, 1795. 


Hartsixck to Prince Frederick. 

In accordance with the Prince's letter of the loth of the month, Mr. H. has 
sent Mr. de Gross the three letters communicated to him eight days ago, requesting 
him to make use of them as agreed. Heard here some days ago that the French 
had passed the Rhine, and that Dusseldorf had capitulated on the 6th. Letters 
from the Empire state negotiations for peace at Basle in favour of the Empire have 
been broken off, and that Mr. de Haidenburg can no further concern himself with 
them. Apparently all conspires for the success of a system which forms the 
misfortune of the whole human race. 

Dated : 14 September, 1795. 


Prince Frederick to Hartsixck. 

Asks for Gazettes as they appear and not all of a week together — by the mail 
cart. No news from England. The state of uncertainty in which they have the 
goodness to leave them renders their position daily more unpleasant. 

Dated : Nienburg, 22 September, 1795. 


Hartsinck to Prince Frederick. 
Had already yesterday evening despatched the three annexed letters when, by 
the arrival of two boxes from England, had news that the Hereditary Prince 
should have left on the loth inst. on board a packet to join the Prince at once. 
Luckily, his parcels being still with Mr. Eraser, Mr. H. has withdrawn these letters, 
which he begs the Prince to hand the Hereditary Prince. Has addressed them to 
the Prince for the better preservation of the secret with which he, Mr. H, has been 

Dated : Hamburg, 23 September, 1795. 

The Hereditary Prixce to Hartsinxk. 

Having arrived yesterday morning here, after eleven days at sea, hastens to 
acquaint him, and regrets having been unable to visit Hamburg. Continuing that 
night by Brunswick to Berlin, where he will remain some time. Requests that the 
money remitted by Opdenhof may be sent to his brother, for which accept thanks. 
Regards to his wife. 

Dated : Nienburg, 24 September, 1795. 

Hartsinxk to The Princess of Orange. 

The English courier arrived last night, and brought the good news from 
Cuxhaven that the Hereditary Prince arrived there safely on the 21st inst. God 
grant his visit to Berlin may end the troubles experienced by Prince Frederick, 
which cause lively ve.xation to all attached to him and the good cause. Feels for 
the Princess, whose maternal tenderness must suffer terribly at seeing a young 
Prince so abominably treated, — one who having acquired an imnrortal glory at the 
head of his valiant soldiers, was so justly chosen to reunite them. Would be 
delighted to see the Prince on his return, if he passes by Hamburg, and hopes he 
will use his (Mr. H's.) house during his stay. 

Dated : Hamburg, 25 September, 1795. 


Hartsinck to Prixce Frederick. 

It will be difiicult to send the Prince the Gazettes as they appear, inasmuch as 
that of Altona appears daily, and it is only twice, or at most, thrice a week letters 
can be sent from here to Nienburg. He will ascertain and forward them as often 
as possible. By all appearances, the Hereditary Prince will be already with the 
Prince before this letter is received, as letters arriving yesterday night from 
Cuxhaven announced his arrival on the 21st inst. Trusts his arrival will determine 
the Prince's anxiety. 

Dated : Hamburg, 25 September, 1795. 


The Pkixce of Orange to Hartsinxk. 

Encloses letters for the Prince's daughter and his youngest son, " as you know 
better than I where my children are at present." 

Dated : Hampton Court, 25 September, 1795. 


Hartsinck to The Hereditary Prince. 

Learns with pleasure of the Prince's arrival upon the Continent. Congratulates 
him thereon, wishing it may have all the success hoped for. Recei\'ed yesterday 
for him a packet, which the Countess de Bentinck received from her grandson, 
and which he took the liberty of asking the Princess of Brunswick (0) to send on, 
not venturing to trust it to the ordinary post. 

Dated : Hamburg, 26 September, 1795. 

(0) Daughter of the Prince of Orange. 


The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 

" I have received your letter of the i8th iiist. I wish that affairs in Germany 
might, by God's grace, take a more favouralile turn than they seem to promise at 
present. Our Motherland is really in a piteous plight. God grant that an end may 
soon come to this." 

Dated : Tunbridge Wells, 28 September, 1795. 

Haktsinck to the Prince of Orange. 
" Serene and Illustrious Prince and Sir, 

Two evenings ago, I received under cover, with the Hanover post. Your 
Serene Highness's most honoured commands of the 8th inst., and a communication 
for Mr. Secretary Fagel, which I forwarded to its destination without delay. I am 
very pleased that Your Serene Highness approves that I should charge you with 
64 fl. 16, which represents the difference in the rate of exchange on the moneys 
which I paid the Princess of Brunswick on Your Serene Highness's account, which 
sum I shall therefore enter accordingly. I have the honour to send Your Serene 
Highness herewith two letters which Capt. Vaillant (/>) sent me from Lubeck, 
where it was his intention to embark yesterday for St. Petersburg with young 
Count van Heiden (q), who hopes also to be employed in the ser\-ice of Her 
Imperial Russian Majesty (r). 

Your Serene Highness will gather, from the accompanying newspapers, that 
the Austrian troops persist in constantly retiring and that the French are making 
greater progress day by day. If this continues, it is probable that the Empire will 
shortly be obliged to make peace, and, in that case, I shall probably be handed my 
papers as resident and Abbema (s) will be appointed in my place. Up to the 
present, I have not the smallest reason to believe that endeavours will be made, 
even in that event, to cause me any unpleasantness ; but the people in the Republic 
seem to wish to follow the lead of the French Revolution in every respect, and it is 
therefore not improbable that [word illegible : ? reprisals] should also be introduced 

(p) Captain Jan Olphert Vaillant (1754—1800), with Lieutenant van Heiden, conveyed the Prince of Orange to England 
early in 1795. He entered the Russian service with the rank of rear -admiral. 

(?) Lodewijk Sigismund Vincent Gustaaf Count van Heiden (1773— 1850), eventually one of the most distinguished 
admirals in the Russian ser\-ice. He was present at the Battle of Navarino, and received the Grand Cross of the Bath from 
England, the Order of St. Louis from France, and the order of St. George from Russia. 

(f) The Empress Catherine II. (1729 — 1796). 

(s) Balthasar Klias Abbema (1739 — iSos*. His name had figured on a list of those to be deprived of their posu for the 
satisfactionofths Princess of Orange. Ht was married to a Miss van Marselis and was therefore probably in some way- 
connected with the Hartsinck family. 


[78] into our country. If so, it might happen that, the new Minister having once been 
admitted, he would receive orders to summon me, in which case it w-ould be very 
disagreeable to me to find myself obliged to leave this city, the more so as I am con- 
vinced that my stay here, at the present moment, is not entirely useless. I therefore 
take the hberty to submit to Your Serene Highness whether it would be possible to 
obtain from the English Court an order to the English Minister resident here to 
the effect that, if something of the kind should take place, he should, in one way or 
another, take me under the protection of His Majesty and be instructed, in that 
case, to inform the Council accordingly ; a commission which, I am sure, Mr. Eraser 
will be very pleased to carry out. I feel too certain of Your Serene Highness's 
favourable opinion of me not to flatter myself that you will excuse the liberty which 
I take of recommending myself, in this case, to Your Serene Highness's usual 

I have the honour to be, with the greatest respect, 

Serene and Illustrious Prince and Sir, 
Your Serene Highness's most humble, obedient and faithful servant, 

J. C. Hartsinck, Cz. (/). 
Dated : Hamburg, 39 September, 1795. 

Hartsin'ck to The Pkinxkss ok Okaxge. 

The advances which the French continue to make in Germany and the retreat 
of the Austrian troops towards Bohemia give place to the belief that the Empire 
may very soon be forced to seek peace. It seems probable to him that in that case 
they will not delay here to recognise Abbema as his (Mr. H's.) successor. No 
reason so far to apprehend violence, but quite possible that the clubs which prevail 
from day to day might establish terrorism ; and if a hundred of these wretches 
were to exact of the town of Hamburg that it should give him up, he might be 
exposed to very great annoyance, and, perhaps, forced to leave the town. This 
would cause him the more distress, as he believes his presence there is at the 
moment not altogether useless, and that he does not deserve to be compelled to 
hide or take some steps incompatilile with his modes of thought and action. For 
these reasons sought the protection, through the Prince, of the King of England, in 
case they pursued him and the Senate of Hamburg acquiesced, that his Minister 
might be instructed to take Mr. H. under his protection, for he is, at least 
apparently, employed by the British Government. Asks the Princess, if she approves 
the idea, to concur with the Prince in the effort to obtain this favour of the King, 
which would enable him to continue to brave their enemies. Apologises for taking 
the liberty of maldng the request. 

P.S.— The Hereditary Prince arrived on the 23rd at Nienburg and left for 
Brunswick on the 24th. 

Dated : Hamburg, 29 September, 1795. 

U) "Cz." stands for Corneliszoon, i.*., son of Cornelius. 


Haktsinck to The Hereditary Prince. 

Very sensible of tlie obliging attention by which he was informed of the happy 
arrival upon the Continent of the Prince, and for what he said about the visit with 
which he would have honoured them had circumstances permitted. Hopes for the 
visit later. In consequence of Prince's orders in letter of July 20th (n) had paid 
Mr. van der Maesen, on the Prince's behalf, the money remitted by Opdenhof, 
which, however, did not prevent Prince Frederick disposing of the whole amount 
by order of the Prince of Orange. 

Dated : Hamburg, 29 September, 1795. 

The Prixce of Orange to Haktsixck. 
'■ I send you herewith a packet for my daughter and one for my second son. 
God grant that we may soon receive good news of the arrival of my eldest son 
in Germany." 

Dated ; Brighthelmston (v), i October, 1795. 

The Hereditary Prince to Hartsinck. 

Very distressing that the gathering (of troops) should have encountered so 
many obstacles, and still does, from a quarter whence least expected. But he does 
not despair, and trusts to escape entire failure. In the meanwhile the progress of 
the French causes well-grounded alarm, the ravage and disaster committed by them 
in his father's German States being no doubt well known to Mr. H. 

As to the remittance he requested Mr. H. to make to his (the Prince's) brother, 
he understood from Mr. van der Maesen that the money received from Mr. H. was 
on his father's account, so that he still supposed his intact. Requests, if the matter 
can yet be settled upon this footing without much trouble, it may be done, in order 
that he may not be compelled to reopen a reckoning with his brother, which was 
concluded together at his (the Prince's) departure from Nienburg. 

P.S. — Relying on Mr. H's. usual goodness, begs to be informed, and that his 
sister at Brunswick may be too, when there are any frigates or other armed English 
vessels at Cuxhaven returning thence, so that, if he finds he should transport 
himself to England, he may profit by such an opjiortunity. 

Dated : Berlin, 4 October, 1795. 


Pkince Frkderick to Haktsixck. 

Saw by the letter Mr. H. wrote the Prince at the last place with great 
astonishment that he (Mr. H.) had sent Lt.-Col. van der Maesen the f1. 5,000 
belonging to his (the Prince's) brother. He had been informed Mr. H. had 
remitted to the Count de Pfaff fl. 13,000 belonging to his (the Prince's) father, but 
did not know that since this money had been remitted by the said Count to Lt.-Col. 
van der Maesen, Mr. H. had sent him more money. Begs to be informed how 
much money belonging to his (the Prince's) brother Mr. H. still has in his keeping. 

Dated : Bremen. 5 October, 1795. 

The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 


Dated : Hampton Court. 6 October, 1795. 

The Prince ok Orange to Hartsinck. 

" I have received your letter of 29 September. Although I do not believe that 
you run any risk, at Hamburg, of being handed over to the party now in power in 
Holland, I have not failed to convey to the Government here your request to obtain 
protection in the event of any demand being made. My Lord Grenville («') has 
promised me to put it forward favourably, and has said that he does not doubt that 
His Majesty will be pleased to send orders to Mr. Eraser at Hamburg to take you 
under his protection, and thereby to prevent the unpleasantnesses to which you 
might be exposed on account of your adherence to the lawful government of your 
countiy. With you, I deplore the turn which affairs have taken, and contemplate 
with surprise and regret the successes of the French armies, occasioned by the 
continual retreats of the Austrian armies, which will naturally result in the German 
Empire being obliged to make peace. God grant that better news may come 
before long, both from Germany and from our country." 

Dated : London, 9 October, 1795. 


Hartsin'ck to The Prixcess of Ouange. 

Sieur le Hoc, nominated Ambassador of the Fiencli nation to the Court of 
Stockholm, has been here some days with his colleague, Sieur Reinhard, who is to 
reside here as Minister. The last has just presented a memorial to the Senate, in 
which he demands, in the name of the Convention, that my successor should be 
recognised — that he will know what to do when the Senate conducts itself in a 
manner worthy to receive a Minister of the Republic. He has, up to the present, 
received no answer to his memorial, which has probably been communicated to 
other towns and to the Prince Directors of the Cercle. In the meantime, the 
Russian and English ministers have asked for copies for their Courts ; the last has 
assured Mr. H. of protection and assistance in case of need, and has not only offered 
to safeguard the papers of the Chancellery but to lodge him in case of violence 
attempted against his person. He proposes to ask Lord Grenville to-night for an 
order to take Mr. H. if need be, under his protection. Asks the Princess and Prince 
to expedite the order, as the matter admits of no delay. 

Not dated. 


The Princess of Orange to Hartsinck. 

The Prince has taken the necessary steps to procure Mr. H. the protection of 
this Government, as the Prince's last letter will have already informed him. The 
Prince received Mr. H's. letter in London and took an opportunity of speaking to 
Lord Grenville. The Princess hopes the need will not arise. His last news incredible. 

Dated : Tunbridge Wells, 12 October, 1795. 

The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 
Dated : Tunbridge Wells i2 October, 1795. 


Prince Frederick to Hartsinck. 

Returned yesterday evening from Brunswick, whither my brother had requested 
me to go in order to confer upon the state of things. Decided that one of us must 
go to England for a while : the Prince undertook the commission, his brother 
being unable to leave Berlin in present circumstances. Nevertheless he will return 
as speedily as possible, and in the meanwhile everything concerning the Muster to 
remain in static quo. Begs Mr. H. to settle the question of the money with 
Lt.-Col. van der Maesen. 

Dated : Nienburg, 15 October, 1795. 

The Hereditary Prince to Hartsinck. 

Returned from having been at Brunswick on business. Respecting the sum 
to be transmitted to his brother, requests Mr. H. to arrange this matter finally with 
Mr. van der Maesen. His brother promised to write to Mr. H., and has no doubt 
already made him acquainted with the provisional arrangements concerning the 
assembly, whilst awaiting information about the further intentions of England. 
Sensible of his conduct upon the distressing news from the country of Nassau. 
Hopes the officers at once interposed in the affair by the King will succeed. 

Dated : Berlin, 17 October, 1795. 


Prince Frederick to Hartsinck. 

Detained here four days by contrary winds ; that night received Mr. H.'s 
letter of the 14th inst., for which and for the copy of the memorial presented to 
the Magistracy of Hamburg the Prince thanks him. 

Dated : Rietsbuttel, 21 October, 1795. 


The Primcess of Orange to Hartsinck. 

His memorial appeared appropriate to the Senate of Hamburg. The Princess 
curious as to the reply. As Lord Grenville positively promised the Prince 
protection for Mr. H., no doubt Mr. Eraser has already received instructions. 

Dated : Hampton Court, 23 October, 1795. 

The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 

" I am curious to learn what reply the Hamburg Council will make to your 
memorial. I do not doubt but that Mr. Eraser will have received his orders to 
protect you against such steps as might have been taken by Mr. Abbema, and I will 
enquire whether the orders have already been dispatched." 

Dated : Hampton Court, 23 October, 1795. 

The Hereditary Prince to Hartsinck. 

Hears with sorrow of the proceeding of the Senate of Hamburg. Concerned at 
the inconvenience to which this conduct will expose Mr. H. Hopes he will not be 
driven to claim the protection hinted at. Thanks Mr. H. for his communication 
and similar documents, in which greater firmness and energy could not have 
been employed. Delighted that the payment in question can be settled with 
Mr. van der Maesen as wished, and is greatly obliged for Mr. H's. trouble in 
accomplishing this, as well as in connection with the enquiries he was good enough 
to make respecting the loan of the Emperor. 

Dated : Berlin, 24 October, 1795. 


The Pkin'ce of Orange to Hartsixck. 


Dated : Hampton Court, 27 October, 1795. 


The Hereditary Prince to Hartsin'ck. 

Glad the Senate have not pursued their conduct with regard to Mr. H. and 
hopes the assurance of the Emperor's disapproval given him (Mr. H.) of the 
conduct of this authority may be verified. In the meanwhile has conversed on the 
subject with Count de Haugwitz ; agreed that the best plan to escape personal 
unpleasantness is to rest passive under the circumstances and to take no steps 
whatever at the Regency of Hamburg, seeing that neither the Cercle nor the towns 
of Bremen and Lubeck have ceased to recognise him and that, indeed, le Sieur 
Abbema has not as yet applied to be admitted in his capacity. Desired to acquaint 
Mr. H. of this without in the least interfering ; assures him of readiness to be useful 
to him and of the extreme pleasure an opportunity enabling him (the Prince) to 
give Mr. H. real proof of his regard would afford him. 

Dated : Berlin, 30 October, 1795. 


The Prixce of Orange to Hartsinck. 
" We are without news from the Continent since the post of the 13th inst. 
Dated : London, 30 Octolier, 1795. 

The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 
Dated : Hampton Court, i November, 1795. 


The Pkin'ce of Orange to Hartsinck. 

" I have received your letter of the i6th instant and do not doubt but that 
Mr. Eraser has received orders to give you his assistance and to afford you the 
necessary protection in case Mr. Abbema should attempt any violent measures 
against you. You have done well in placing the Stsite papers and the money 
belonging to me with the English Minister, until we know what course the 
gentlemen at Hamburg mean to adopt." 

Dated : Hampton Court, 3 November, 1795. 


The Hereditary Prince to Hartsinck. 

Agrees willingly with the reasons for not provisionally changing his (Mr. H's.) 
residence. What he wrote, as indicated at the time, was no more than simple 
observations. After all, delighted the town of Bremen does not mean to follow the 
example of the two others. Very uneasy about his brother's voyage, on account of 
storms he must have experienced. Hopes he may have escaped. Waits with the 
liveliest impatience news of his arrival in England. 

Dated : Berlin, 6 November, 1795. 

The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 
Encloses letters for the Queen Dowager of Prussia (x) and for his daughter. 
Dated : Hampton Court, 6 November, 1795. 

The Prinxe of Orange to Hartsinck. 

" I sympathize with you in all the unpleasantness which Mr. Abbema's arrival 
occasions you." 

Dated : Hampton Court, 13 November, 1795. 

M Queen Elizabeth Christina of Prussia (1715—1797), widow of Frederick the Great. 


The Hereditary Primce to Hartsinck. 

Thanks Mr. H. for the alacrity with which he gave him (the Prince) news of 
his brother's voyage and arrival in England. The news he received from Hampton 
Court at the same time completely dissipated his uneasiness, showing he had 
happily escaped the dangers of the passage, which was very hazardous. 

Dated : Berlin, 16 November, 1795. 

The Hereditary Prince to Hartsinck. 

Hears with much pleasure of the Imperialists' progress, following upon their 
great victory. Luck havnig turned, hopes fortune will continue favourable, which 
might alter the whole face of general affairs. Although it may be well supposed 
that Manheim could not hold out in the long run, doubts whether the news that 
the garrison asked twenty-four hours for capitulating is founded ; they appear 
determined on a stubborn defence. He is, moreover, very curious to know 
positively to what purpose the operations, which must, under existing circumstances, 
become more and more interesting, are undertaken. 

Dated : Berlin, 27 November, 1795. 


The Prinxe of Orange to Hartsinck. 

" Pleased to learn from your letters that there is not so much to be feared 
from measures taken on the part of Mr. Abbema, seeing that he is acknowledged 
by Hamburg and Lubeck, but not by the Lower Sa.xon Circle nor by the City of 

Dated : Hampton Court, 27 November, 1795. 



Prince Frederick to Hartsinck. 

Voyage unpleasant and long, but arrived safely. Regrets not having as yet 
seen Mr. and Md. de Byland (y), who are in Lincolnshire, but learns they will be 
back in a few days. His sojourn longer than anticipated, hopes soon to return. 

Dated : Hampton Court, 27 November, 1795. 


The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 
Dated : Hampton Court, 4 December, 1795. 

The Hereditary Prince to Hartsinck. 

Is extremely grateful for the German Gazette added to the news contained in 
Mr. H's letter of the ist inst. There saw, with great satisfaction, the advantages 
the Imperialists have secured before and after the capture of Manheim, which will 
become incalculable if the contents of Mr. H's. letter come true. The disorder 
amongst the French must be considerable, and the numerous desertions they 
themselves own to, in the reports to their Government, must bring it to its height. 
All these events, as favourable as unexpected, are, he confesses, well calculated to 
protract the " physionnement " of the one and reanimate the spirit of the other. 
They will have much influence, especially if the Imperialists push their conquests 
still further in the direction of general affairs. The situation of our country may 
experience a very advantageous change and agrees that nothing would be more 
desirable than to profit by this fortunate epoch and carry it to perfection, 
reestablishing quiet and happiness. 

Dated : Berlin, 5 December, 1795. 

(y) Hartsinck's brother-in-law and sister. 



The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 
Dated : Hampton Court, 8 Dccemlier, 1795. 

The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 

" I am very glad that Mr. Fraser has had orders to afford you every possible 
protection in case of need and I will endeavour, if the opportunity offers, to convey 
to His Majesty how very grateful you are for the orders that have been given. The 
capture of Manheim and the successes of the Imperial army are sure to have the 
result that Mr. Abbema's steps, if he were to take any to your disadvantage, will not 
have so much effect at Hamburg as they would have had a few weeks ago." 

Dated : Hampton Court, 11 December, 1795. 

Prince Frederick to Hartsinck. 

Has been charged by his father, in consequence of the arrangements of His 
Britannic Majesty, to send to Maj.-Gen. Bentinck an order proposing to the brave 
soldiers of the muster either to draw six months' pay or to pass into His Britannic 
Majesty's service on condition, nevertheless, that they shall be, if circumstances 
permit, placed at his father's disposal to employ them for the advantage and ser\-ice 
of their country. L'lukr actual circumstances, it being imjiossible to longer 
maintain the muster on the Continent, this appears to the Prince the best 
arrangement that can be made. 

Dated : Hampton Court, 15 December, 1795. 



The Prince of Or.^nge to Hartsinck. 

Wishes for good news but fears to the contrary. Encloses a packet for the 
Prince's daughter and letters for the Margrave of Baden (x), the Landgrave of 
Hesse-Cassel {a), Prince Frederick of Hesse-Cassel (6), the Princes of Nassau- 
Usingen (c), and Nassau- Weilburg [d), Mr. van Passavant, and Her Imperial 
Russian Majesty. 

Dated : Hampton Court, i8 December, 1795. 

The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 

" God grant that the arms of the Empire may again be blessed and that the 
French may be driven from Germany. I yearn for further news, but dare not 
cherish any great hopes." 

Dated : Hampton Court, 22 December, 1795. 

The Princess of Orange to Hartsinck. 

Read the answer to him from the Berlin Ministry with pleasure, it should place 
him in safety. He would find full protection from the English Envoy, although 
Lord Grenville's instructions are slow to arrive. The favourable disposition of the 
Cabinet of St. James is known, and the Envoy would run no risk in taking the 
matter upon himself. The Austrian successes very brilliant, hopes they will not stop 
on such a fine road. May they advantage their poor Republic. V'ery sad news up 
to the present. 

Dated : Hampton Court, 24 December, 1795. 

(z) Charles Frederick Margrave of Baden (1728—1811), became first Grand-Duke of Baden in 1806. 

(a) William IX., Landgrave of Hesse-Cassel (1743— 1821), became William I., Elector of Hesse in 1803, 

(b) The Landgrave, Frederick of Hesse-Cassel (1771— 1845I, nephew of the reigning Landgrave. 
U) Charles William, Prince of Nassau-Usingen (1735— 1803). 

1.0 Frederick William, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg (i768-r8l6l. 


The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 

Expresses his satisfaction at the favourable reply which Hartsinck has received 
from His Prussian Majesty. 

Dated : Hampton Court, 25 December, 1795. 


The Hereditary Prince to Hartsinck. 

Acknowledges receipt of letter of 15th inst., with copies of the letters addressed 
by Mr. H. to the Magistrates of the towns of Hamburg, Bremen and Lubeck, all of 
which reached him at Berlin shortly before his departure, having come here, where 
he expects to stay still a few days, and then returning to Berlin. Congratulates 
him on the reply to his letter made on behalf of the King. No doubt Mr. H. knows 
the bad news from England about the military assembly, and will easily conceive 
the Prince's embarassment and ve.xation, particularly under circumstances which 
promised to improve from day to day. Still, does not regard the thing as hopeless, 
but intends, if nothing better occurs, to send those who do not prefer to enter the 
service of England, to the Pays de Nassau, in order to endeavour to keep them 
together ; trusting shortly that more favourable opportunities will make their 
services useful or necessary. 

Dated : Brunswick, 25 December, 1795. 

The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 

" I have received your communication of i8th instant, from which I am pleased 
to see that orders have been renewed to the garrison at Hamburg to give you the 
military salute. I hope that soon you will be once more fully recognized and that 
your [word illegible] successor will be looked upon as an illegal minister and no 
longer recognized." 

Dated : Hampton Court, 29 December, 1795. 

Q/Hii. t^ai^iinck 




Annexed he sends the letter they agreed on. Begs Mr. H. to address it (e). 
Dated : i January, 1796. 


The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 

No packet-boats have arrived since the Prince's last : he therefore confines 
himself to enclosing, etc. 

Dated : Hampton Court, i January, 1796. 

The Hereditary Prince to Hartsinck. 

The turn of the Senate's letter very extraordinary. As the Directors du Cercle 
continue to recognise him in his Ministerial office and as, above all. His Prussian 
Majesty has caused assurances to reach him, the best course is to send them the 
copy and so keep them informed of what is taking place with respect to him. No 
change further with respect to the military assembly. Money will always be the 
principal spring to make the machine work. Leaves that night for Berlin — where 
he intends to yet spend some time. Trusts with Mr. H. that the renewal of the 
year may be the dawn of the deliverance of his unhappy country. 

Dated : Brunswick, 3 January, 1796. 

The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 
Three mails from Hamburg now missing. 
Dated : Hampton Court, 5 January, 1796. 

i post (122) and ^123). 


Haktsinck to Prince Frederick. 

The letter Mr. H. sends the Prince has been given to him by a French citizen, 
who states he is personally known to the Prince, and who has been strongly 
recommended to Mr. H. by one of his good friends, who highly praises his mode 
of thought and of action. Is not acquainted with the plan proposed. 

Dated : Hamburg, 5 January, 1796. 

GuizoT to Prince Frederick. 

Informs the Prince that General Blondeau in command of the French troops, 
in the province of Zeeland, whose aide-de-camp Mons. Guizot is, tired of the 
horrors to which the unhappy country has become the prey since the baleful 
invasion of the devastators, places himself on the side of right, that is, on the side of 
the Prince. He (the General) has, in consequence, entrusted him (Guizot) with a 
dispatch to Mr. Pitt, in which the General informs him of his (the General's) 
favourable dispositions, and offers not only to return the parts (of the country), 
under his orders to their legitimate possessors, but also to countenance by all his 
power, entrance into fortified places, such as Bergen op Zoom, Willemstadt and 
Breda. The plan, which the General has formed, consists in evacuating Zeeland 
and the Island of Cadzand, under whatever pretext may occur, and to promptly 
introduce into the forts English troops, commanded by trusty French officers, as 
French troops from Zeeland. The other details into which he enters, are that the 
whole of Wollne musters but eiglit thousand men, of whom 1,400 are in the Island 
of Walcheren, 600 in the Isle of Ziericzee, 200 in the Isle of Zuid Beveland, 600 at 
Bergen op Zoom, 600 at Breda, 500 at Bois le Due, the surplus scattered in 
detachments between Arnerboord, Arnhem. Zutphen, Deventer, Zivol, Leeuwaarden, 
Dorkum, Groningue, and the frontiers of Oost Frise, the other places such as all 
North Woll., Amsterdam, Rott(erdam), Utr(echt), and Gosem (where are the head- 
quarters), contain none, and Belgium as well as the whole new Constitution in 
departments possess but ten thousand men, consequently much scattered and 
therefore all the less dangerous, since they cannot leave their respective garrisons, 
if they wish to avoid certain insurrection amongst the inhabitants, who are but 
too justly discontented. Mr. H. has sent his despatch, as charged to do, to His 
Excellency the Minister of His Britannic Majesty at H(amburg), who forwarded it 
to its address and he (Guizot) there awaits the reply ; the General, however, has 
foreseen the possibility that for political reasons the English government may not 
intend to make the expedition at this moment, so that he has not fixed the time, 
and he has announced that whether in a month or in a year, he will be always 
ready and of the same mind, not, however, holding to his plan, but yeilding to any 
that may be considered better, and that it would be very advantageous that the 


[123] expedition should take place in concert with the Prince and the King of Prussia in 
order that at the moment of the descent on Zeeland the troops of the country 
assembled should seize the Province of Frise, Groningue and Overissel, which 
could easily be done as they would encounter but a feeble resistance, the French 
troops in general being only too eager to go, hating the so-called Patriots of Holland, 
of whom they have a thouKind reasons to complain, and not being at all anxious to 
fight for them. The General has not authorised him (Guizot) to communicate this 
project to the Prince ; his zeal alone has led him to exceed his instructions. The 
Prince will be convinced of it, if he recalls the fact that he (Guizot) was the former 
aide-de-camp Genl. of Genl. Daendels ; that it was he who went with the Prince 
with a flag of truce to Gorcum and who sent Captain Montfort to Bernenel. Begs 
the Prince to keep his information an inviolable secret, and assures him that he is 
in any event his devoted servant. 

Dated : Hambm-g, 5 January, 1796 (f). 

The Prince of Orange to H.'\rtsinck. 

" I have received your letter of 29 instant [ultimo ?] with the addenda and I 
thank you for the good wishes which you express for me and my House on the 
occasion of the New Year now commencing. God grant that it may be happier 
for our country and for me than recent years have been and grant that things may 
be restored and that a good, honourable and lasting peace may put an end to this 
war. I wish for nothing more than to be in a position to show you how greatly I 
desire to give you proofs of my esteem and appreciation for your laudable conduct 
in these critical circumstances and ever since the revolution in our Motherland." 

Dated : Hampton Court, 13 January, 1796. 


The Hereditary Prince to Hartsinck. 

Has received letter and does not know how to express the grief caused by its 
perusal. His real interest in the position of Mr. Resselaer serves Mr. H. as 
guaranty that if there are still any means of doing anjihing in his favour he (the 
Prince) will make it a duty not to neglect it. Former reiterated efforts for Mr. 
Rhoon van der Spiegel and Resselaer leads him to fear from their results that fresh 
efforts would meet with no more favourable dispositions. 

Dated : Berlin, 12 January, 1796. 


Prince Fkederick to Hartsinck. 

Thanks him for his good wishes on the occasion of the New Year. May it 
and the following prove happier for their country than the past year. Hopes for 
happiness under the auspices of true liberty. Mr. and Mrs. de Byland returned 
here a few days ago and are well. 

Dated : Hamburg, 12 January, 1796. 

The Princess of Orange to Hartsinck. 

Thanks him for his New Year's good wishes. Hopes he will receive the 
answer desired to his last letter to the King, her brother, but she observes the letter 
of the Ministry of Berlin, saying the King cannot hamper the deliberations of the 
Magistracy of Hamburg and may not attend to a request affecting this town. 

Dated : Hampton Court, 15 January, 1796. 


The Princess ok Orange to Hartsinck. 

Not dated. 


Prince Frederick to Hartsinck. 

Thanks Mr. H. for his letter and for that of the young French citizen. It is 
very extraordinary, and the Prince does not know whether it will be thought 
proper to avail themselves of the overtures he was charged to make on behalf of 
his General. If Mr. H. should see him, the Prince begs Mr. H. to thank him for 
his communication of his commission as regards the Ministry and Mr. H. may 
assure that the Prince will not abuse the confidence reposed in him. 

Dated : London, 19 January, 1796. 



The Pkin'ce of Orange to Hartsinck. 

" I am curious to know what answer you will receive from the Berlin Ministry 
to your last letter communicating your correspondence with the City of Hamburg." 

Dated: London, 19 January, 1796. 

The Prin'ce of Orange to Hartsinck. 
Dated : Hampton Court, 22 January, 1796. 


Hartsinck to The Princess of Orange. 

Thanks the Princess for her good wishes. Sends copy of his letter to the King 
of Prussia. 

Dated : Hamburg, 22 January, 1796. 

The Prince ok Orange to Hartsinck. 
Dated : Hampton Court, 22 January, 1796. 

Hartsinck to Glmzot. 

After what was arranged hastens to communicate the reply he has received : 
" If you see him I beg of you to thank him for the communication he has made me 
of the commission with which he has been charged, and you may assure him that I 
shall not abuse the confidence he placed in me by informing me." Hopes he 
(Guizot) had a fortunate and pleasant voyage and that he will occasionally recollect 
one always delighted to be useful to him. 

Dated : Hamburg, 26 January, 1796. 



The Prin'ce of Orange to Hartsinck. 


Dated : Hampton Court, 29 January, 1796. 


The Hereditary Prince to Hartsinck. 

Considers with Mr. H. the famous Pubhcation a masterpiece of injustice and 
severity well worthy of those to whom it owes daylight. Although one may expect 
some productions of this nature, the harshness which characterises this has struck 
him and it seems to him a document as impolitic as incompatible with the principles 
of liberty, of which they name themselves the restorers. Requests Mr. H. to inform 
Recruiting-Sergeant Ramondeau that he (the Prince) can absolutely not interfere in 
his affair, which does not in anywise concern him and should be adjusted between 
him and Col. de Sternbach, who had the direction of the general recruiting. The 
said Sergeant asks him (the Prince) to pay his bill (about ^18). Mr. H. will agree 
as to the indiscretion of this demand, which besides would be subject to legal 
examination, if he (the Prince) could give ear to it, but of which there can be no 

Dated : Berlin, 30 January, 1796. 


The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 


Dated : Hampton Court, 2 February, 1796. 

The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 


Dated : Hampton Court, 5 February, 1796. 


The Prince of Okange to Hari-sin'ck. 


Dated : Hampton Court, 12 February, 179^). 

The Hekeditaky Pkinxe to Hartsinck. 

Regrets trouble caused Mr. H. by searching for Sergt. Ramondeau. Supposed 
he would call on Mr. H. ; on that supposition alone asked Mr. H. to give the 
Sergeant the Prince's answer. Very careless of the Sergeant to give an inaccurate 
address. Clear, from the public news, that the National Convention will be 
established without delay in the Republic. Equally surprised by the nomination 
of P. Paulus as representative of the Hague as by the fact that Hahn and 
Lestevenon are not named at all. Sent various securities from England. Requests 
Mr. H., by means of his relations at Amsterdam, to realise the interest fallen due 
upon the bonds and lottery tickets, and cause their convertion into bonds in the 
mode decreed. As they are all blank no difticulties apprehended. Wishes that in 
converting them the names to remain in blank. Mr. H. will be better acquainted 
with the precautions to be observed, and the Prince commits the business to his 
care and goodness, confining himself to requesting to be excused this fresh 
importunity and reiterating the assurances of the especial consideration with 
which, etc. 

Dated : Berlin, 12 February, 1796. 


The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 

Dated : Hampton Court. 16 February, 1796. 

The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 

" I am curious as to what Zeeland will do when the convention opens and 
whether she will persist in her refusal to acknowledge it. I am greatly concerned 
about the fate of the unfortunate Advocate Ploos van Aemstel." 

Dated : Hampton Court, 19 February, 1796. 


The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 
Dated : Hampton Court, 23 February, 1796. 

The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 

" I have received your letters of 12th, i6th, and 17th instant, and am sorry to 
read of what has happened in East Friesland concerning our fellow-countrymen, 
and also of the arrest of some officers who, having been present at the muster, 
wished to return to their country, and that Mr. State- Pensionary has been 
transported to Woerden {g) and will probably succumb under his misfortune. I 
am greatly shocked by the death of Mr. van Brandenburg and that of old Mr. 
Calkoen and of Lt. -General van Welderen also cause me grief. I hope that the 
change in the command of the Imperial army may have no disadvantageous 
consequences upon the operation of war, and I think that hostilities are likely to 
recommence shortly." 

Dated : London, 26 February, 1796. 

The Hereditary Prince to Hartsinck. 

Thanks Mr. H. for executing the commission respecting the securities and for 
the promptitude w4th which they were handed to a sure friend, securing thereby 
the advantages of the new decree repealing the reduction of interest on all securities 
indiscriminately to 2}, per cent. Agrees that the moment should be taken advantage 
of, but doubts whether there will be any money to receive for the securities sent. 
Prefers to wait before deciding on disposition of proceeds. Has received a second 
letter from Sergeant Ramondeau, insisting upon payment and giving correct 
address, but must persist in refusal. The news of disturbances at Leeuwaarden 
excite fears of dangerous consequences. Once the reins of government are in the 
hands of the people, all sorts of scenes and excesses, according to the caprice of 
individuals and the violence of party, must be expected. 

Dated : Berlin, 27 February, 1796. 


Hartsinck to [Voute]. 

" Many thanks, my very dear friend, for the punctuality and promptitude with 
which you had the goodness to execute my commission. I will ask you not to 
demand H. 200 but to take 20 only a thousand and not for 800 florins, and to receive 
the interest accrued. I advised my friend (It) to leave you free to sell at the most 
advantageous moment and do not doubt but that he will take the same view, which 
I will communicate to you as soon as he has informed me. When you have seen 
my sister you will, I think, be of my opinion that it would be better to pay B than to 
cause A to receive (the proceeds) under a receipt which might give rise to difficulties 
which it is necessary to prevent. I am certainly of your opinion that the facilities 
Sovereigns have found in borrowing money has contributed not a little to revolutions, 
but if quiet and peace are to e.xist only when efficacious means for their liquidation 
are brought into play, I greatly fear the doors of the temple of Janus will be open a 
long time yet. There is nothing new unless that the town has just positively 
refused to recognise the Minister of France and to follow the example which 
Denmark has just set in recognising Grouville. We trust Mde. is better, as you do 
not speak of her, remember us to her, receive a thousand kind messages from my 
wife, and believe me, with heart and soul wholly yours, 


Dated : H. i March, 1796 (i). 

The Prin'ce of Orange to Hartsinxk. 


Dated : Hampton Court, i March, 1796. 


The Pkixce of Orange to Hartsinck. 


Dated : London, 4 March, 1796. 

(/i) The Hereditary Prince. 

(1) The first "H" staniis for "Hartsinck," anJ the second for "Hamburg." The letter was in Hartsinck's 
handwriting, as appears from this press copy. 


The Hereditary Prixce to Hartsin'ck. 

Acknowledges receipt of letter of ist iiist. Most sincere thanks for obtaining 
intelligence respecting the securities in question. After what Mr. H. has stated 
respecting the sale advised by Mr. Voute of the receipts, has been able to decide 
and accept Mr. H's. advice. Requests him to inform his friends, and indicate the 
house of Splitgerber of this place, for remittance of proceeds of above-mentioned 
sale and of the interest he gets. Congratulates Mr. H. on the discovery of Sergeant 
Ramondeau, sensible of the attention in the means taken to prevent further letters 
and spare him (the Prince) the annoyance which, in present circumstances, all such 
requests, to which he can only give words in reply, cause him. The present 
conduct of the Senate of Hamburg towards the Minister of France appears directly 
opposed to that at the time of the admission of Sieur Abbema. As for the title this 
last gives himself with the Cercle, it is indeed singular that he should have adopted 
it, not having yet taken any steps towards the Directors of the Cercle with the 
object of admission in the capacity. 

Dated : Berlin, 5 March, 1796. 


The Primce of Orange to Hartsixck. 


Dated : Hampton Court, 8 March, 1796. 


The Prixce of Orange to Hartsixck. 

Thanks him for his congratukitions on the occasion of tlie Prince's birthday (j ). 
Dated : London, 11 March, 1796. 

(7) The remainder of Ihe letter is taken up with discussing a certain letter from Bremen, which the Prince wishes 
had not been written. This portion of the document is in parts illegible and it is almost impossible to make out the 
exact purport or context. 


The PKtNCE OF Okange to Hartsinck. 


Dated : Hampton Court, 15 March, 1796. 

The Hereditary Prince to Hartsinck. 

Thanks Mr. H. for good wishes on the occasion of his father's birthday. 
Apologises for disturbing Mr. H's. plans. Does not know if he has spoken of his 
(the Prince's) intention of bringing his wife over to the Continent. Hopes she will 
shortly undertake the passage. Would rejoice at her safe arrival. Sends carriages 
provisionally to Ritzbuttel. May find himself again obliged to have recourse to Mr. 
H. if the effects she brings have to be sent by water to Hamburg, to be later sent 
on thence. Requests Mr. H. to send Mr. Bovvens, the agent of the packet boats 
at Ritzbuttel, 200 Frederics d'or under his wife's address, that she may receive 
them there on arrival on the Continent. Request Mr. H. to indicate manner of 
repayment. Proposes to go next week to Brunswick and asks that answer may be 
sent thither. 

Dated : Berlin, 13 March, 1796. 

The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 

" I am curious to know what the National Convention will bring forth with us 
and upon what conditions the French will take Hamburg into favour." 

Dated : Hampton Court, 18 March, 1796. 


The Hereuitaky Pkixce to Hartsinck. 

Respecting the trunks which, as indicated, will arrive from England with his 
wife, the Prince has ordered his lackey, Kerkwyk, to arrange the easiest and 
least expensive means for their transport from Ritzbuttel to Hamburg, arid has 
desired him to present himself to Mr. H. in order to ascertain how their further 
transport from Hamburg to Berlin may be most easily and least expensively 
accomplished. Begs the assistance for his lackey of Mr. H's. advice and the 
facilitation of the arrangements he should make. Apologies. Expects his wife 
without delay. 

Dated : Berlin, 20 March, 1796. 


The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 

" I cannot believe the news contained in the papers of a victory of the English 
over the Dutch. They have no news of it here and, if it had taken place, it would 
have been known of here." 

The Prince refers to the factions by which the Dutch republic is rent. 

Dated : Hampton Court, 22 March, 1796. 


The Princess of Orange to Hartsinck. 
Thanks him for wishes on the 8th inst., a day (k) so interesting for all attached 
to the Prince and to the good cause. God grant we may one day celebrate the day 
together at the Hague. Packet for her daughter. Believes her sons are at present 
with her daughter. He knows the younger (/) embarked for the Continent, and 
enters the Austrian Service. The Hereditary Princess and her son (w) propose 
shortly to join the Prince at Berlin. So all her family are parted from her. She 
hopes it is for good fortune, and then will not complain of the pain of separation. 

Dated : Hampton Court, 22 March, 1796. 

(*) The birthday of her husband, the Prince of Orange. 

(/) Prince Frederick. 

<m) He was born 6th December, 179a, and became William II., King of the Netherlands. 



The Pkince of Orangk to Hartsinck. 
Dated : Hampton Court, 25 March, 1796. 

FuiNCE Fkedekick to Hartsinck. 

At the moment of arriving here tlie Prince received Mr. H's. letter offering 
accommodation in his house, in case the Prince passed through Hamburg. 
Expresses his acknowledgments but cannot accept, being bound to hasten to 
Vienna and hardly able to spare a day at Brunswick, where he had made an 
appointment with his brother. 

Dated : Cuxhaven, 27 March, 1796. 

The Hereditary Prince to Hartsinck. 

Acknowledges receipt of letter of 19th inst., and perceived the alacrity with 
which Mr H. sent the 200 Fred, d'or to Ritzbuttel, for which he does not know 
how to thank him sufficiently nor for the measures he took in case the Prince's 
wife should arrive before them. The request as to the boxes made in like reliance 
on Mr. H's. goodness. The Princess, not travelling by Hamburg, will lose the 
pleasure of making Mr. H's. acquaintance, but will be none the less sensible of the 
offer of his house and services. 

Dated : Brunswick, 27 March, 1796. 

The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 
Dated : Hampton Court, 29 March, 1796. 



The Prince of Orange to Haktsinck. 

" We are still without news from the Continent, which is certainly unpleasant, 
and as I am thinking of leaving for a few clays, for a change, I am writing to you 
to-day, instead of to-morrow, and enclose a packet." 

Dated : Hampton Court, 31 March, 1796. 


Prince Frederick to Hartsinck. 

Owing to his being with the Austrian Army, the Hamburg Gazettes cease to 
be of interest to the Prince, requests therefore suspension of their being sent. 
Thanks Mr. H. for having regularly forwarded them. 

p.S. — Asks for the account of disbursements made for the Gazettes to Mr. van 
Wyok at Brunswick. 

Dated: Brunswick, 31 March, 1796. 


The Hereditary Prince to Hartsinck. 
Thanks Mr. H. for the aid given Kerkwyk in making arrangements pro- 
visionally for the transport of his (the Prince's) wife's effects. Agrees cartage to 
Berlin best, consequently falls in with proposed arrangements and annexes a 
passport for whoever has charge of the said effects on their passage by Hamburg, 
by which he will see that their transport is free, without paying any toll in respect of 
customs on the territory of His Prussian Majesty. Doubts whether the number of 
effects will prove to be accurate, but always better that it should be too great rather 
than too small. In remitting the 200 Fredericks d'or Mr. H. fulfilled the Prince's 
wishes. The issue shows Mr. Bowens received them soon enough, as the last news 
shows the Princess only left Hampton Court yesterday. Is delighted with the 
good disposition of the interior ; hopes it will last until happier circumstances shall 
have brought about the desired time, when it can be turned to use and account 
without risk of provoking fruitless, perhaps even injurious, changes. 

Dated : Brunswick, i April, 1796. 



The Prix'ce of Oran'ge to Hartsinck. 
Dated : Stilton, 4 April, 1796. 

The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 


Dated : Hampton Court, 8 April, 1796. 

The Hereditary Prince to Hartsinck. 

Requests assurance of appreciation of his friend's care and trouble may be sent 
to him when occasion offers. The realization of the securities following 
instructions, Mr. H. to have no doubt about the Prince's ratification. Mr. H's. 
attention in obtaining a passport for the Princess's effects from the Regency of 
Hanover, secures him fresh obligations on the Prince's part. 

Dated : Brunswick, 9 April, 1796. 

The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 

Refers to various matters in Holland : "The death of old Mr. van Boetselaar 
was to be expected, and Mr. Steengracht (n) was often ill and therefore gave one 
no reason to expect that he would become old." 

Dated : Hampton Court, 12 April, 1796. 

in) Mr. Sleengrachl was not dead, see fos! (igs;. 



The Prince of Okange to Haktsinck. 

" No letters have yet arrived from the Continent. The Hereditary Princess 
and my grandson (0) are at sea. God grant that they may have a prosperous 

Dated : London, 15 April, 1796. 


The Prinxess of Okange to Haktsinck. 

Mr. H. was the first to announce to them the happy arrival of their younger 
son on the Continent, after a bad voyage. Hopes the Princess and her grandson, 
who embarked the day before yesterday, will be more fortunate. 

Dated : Hampton Court, 15 April, 1796. 

The Hereditary Princess to Haktsinck {/>). 

Received by Mr. Bowens his obliging letter. Regrets her route will not take 
the Princess by Hamburg, she would like to have seen Mr. H. and his wife. Has 
left Mr. H's. sister and husband (Mr. and Mrs. de Byland) in perfect health. Had 
a capital passage. Only forty-eight hours at sea and are all perfectly well. 
Requests as to baggage. Apologises for the disorder of the letter, but the noise on 
the boat interrupts her. 

" Your very affectionate and devoted servant, Wilhelmine pr. Heredt. d'O." 

Dated : Cuxhaven, 15 April, 1796. 

Addressed : A Monsieur, Monsieur Hartzinck, Ministre plenijiotentiaire de 
Leur Hautes Puissances a Hambourg. Seal. 


J. BowEN's to Hautsinck. 

Informs Mr. H. of the Princess's arrival yesterday after dinner at five o'clock 
by the pacquet boat "The Prince d'Orange," convoyed by a British frigate. Gave 
her letters and 200 H. of gold sent by Mr. H. The Princess did not alight in the 
town and resumed jonrney that morning at nine o'clock with her suite and General 
Bentinck, who was here in waiting. 

Dated : Cu.Khavcn, 16 April, 1796, in the morning. 



" The letter which Her Koyal Highness did me the honour to send me by her 
valet-de-chambre, and that which you had the kindness to add thereto, gave me 
the details of this happy voyage, which must have been one of the most rapid yet 
accomplished ; the baggage could not be unladen until yesterday morning and was 
despatched after dinner to Berlin, where the carrier led me to hope he would be 
before the 2Qth of this month." 

Dated: Hamburg, [17] April, 1796. 


The Prinxk of Orange to Hartsinck. 

" I hope that we shall soon hear of the fortunate arrival of the Hereditary 
Princess of Orange, with her son and suite, in Germany." 

Dated : London, 19 April, 1796. 



The Hereditary Prince to Hartsinck. 
The letter from his wife, written at Cuxhaven, will have already informed Mr. 
H. of her arrival upon the Continent. She has been here with his son since 
yesterday. Is confident Mr. H. will share his satisfaction. His wife informing 
there may be some boxes more than the number specified in the passport, requests 
Mr. H. to instruct the people about them (if they have not already left Hamburg) 
to leaden (q) the boxes at the first Prussian Custom house, and to so bring them to 
Berlin, where this matter will be further properly arranged, when he (the Prince) 
shall have returned there. 

Dated: Brunswick, 19 April, 1796. 


The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 

Dated : Hampton Court, 23 April, 1796. 


The Hereditary Prince to Hartsinck. 

Thanks him for his good wishes on the arrival of his wife and son. Intends 
leaving here to-morrow for Potsdam. Requests postponement, until after this journey, 
of the seventy Louis d'or advance to the valet, Engelbrecht, trusting that after 
what Mr. H. has stated to the Prince, this man will experience no difficulties at the 
Custom houses in respect of the number of boxes exceeding that named in the 
passport. The failure of the house of Walkiers regarded as one of those events 
which nearly always draw a deplorable series after them, much to be regretted at 
this time, although the cause is fortunate and for the public good. The Princess 
reciprocates his compliments and also sends compliments to his wife. 

Dated : Brunswick, 24 April, 1796. 

P.S. — The intention of starting to-day for Potsdam has been frustrated by the 
indisposition of their son and has been postponed indefinitely. 
Dated : 25 April, 1796. 

ig) i.e., to seal with leaden seals. 



The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 

" I am much obliged to you for communicating the arrival of the Hereditary 
Princess of Orange and her son. God be thanked that their journey on the water 
was so prosperous and grant that the same on land may be equally prosperous. It 
seems that the cards are being completely shuffled in the North. There is no 
foretelling what is to happen there ; but it appears that the war is becoming quite 
general. I think the next post will be interesting." 

Dated : London, 26 April, 1796. 

The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 

Refers to the arrival of the Prince's youngest son (r) in Vienna, to bankruptcies 
on the Continent and to the prospects of French credit. 

Dated : Hampton Court, 29 April, 1796. 

The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 


Dated : Hampton Court, 3 May, 1796. 

The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 
Dated : Hampton Court, 6 May, 1796. 

(») Prince Frederick. 


The Hekkditaky Pkinxe to Hartsinck. 

Announces their safe anival at Potsdam on tlie 6th. Their son has recovered 
from the aihnent whicli delayed their departure from Brunswick some days. 
Engelbrecht's journey accomplished without accident or difficulty. Availing 
himself of Mr. H's. having given him a delay without limit, will reimburse the sum 
advanced Engelbrecht when he is a little settled. Compliments from the Princess 
to Mr. H. and his wife, in which the Prince joins. 

Dated : Potsdam, 9 May, i7</i. 


The Pkince ok Okange to Hartsinck. 
Dated : Hampton Court, 10 May, 1796. 


The Pkince ok Orange to Hartsinck. 

" God grant that we may shortly receive good news from Germany, through 
which the news from Italy may become a little less alarming." 

Dated : Hampton Court, 13 May, 1796. 


The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 

" The news from Italy is as bad as it can be. God grant that better news may 
•come from the Imperial armies along the Rhine and from the North of Germany." 

Dated : Hampton Court, 17 May, 1796. 


TnK Pkinck ok OiJANciE to Haktsjnck. 

'• The news from Italy continues very bad, but news comes from Paris that 
everything lias been in commotion, and that it was the famous Drouet who was at 
the head of the conspiracy to massacre those belonging to the present government." 

Dated : London, 20 May, 1 796. 

The Pkince of Okangk to Hakisinck. 
Dated : Hampton Court, J4 May, 1796. 

Van dkk Maksen to Hartsinck. 

•' I have the honour to let your Excellency know that 1 have just remitted to 
Maj.-Genl. de Bentinck, the disbursements your Excellency made for the muster, 
amounting to, according to accounts thereto annexed, the sum of a hundred 
florins, and all that concerns the Corps de Pfaft' is settled, as appears by 
account No. 2, so that on the Count de Pfaff remitting to your Excellency the sum 
of fl. 3,482. 10, the whole amount your Excellency sent me could be paid off 
forthwith. If the G. 16,300 which the Count de Pfaff remitted to you, had been 
honoured in England, instead of being protested, then the whole matter would have 
long ago been determined. Unaware in what position the Count de Pfaff is, or 
what indemnity he may have obtained from the British Government, I must still 
reserve for myself that to which I can lay claim pursuant to the agreement I made 
with him, having merely to carry into account what comes back to me in accordance 
with Article 2 for the Management ; and if, contrary to my expectation, his 
affairs should not be in an advantageous condition, then your Excellency, through 
your good nature, will have endured losses which, assuredly, your Excellency does 
not deserve: I also reserve to myself the explanation to be made at a later period 
respecting the fl. 657. 10. carried into account in compliance with article 2." 

Dated : 25 May, 1796. 


The Pkixce of Orange to Hartsinck. 
Dated : London, 27 May, 1796. 

The Hereditary Prince to Hartsixck. 
The distressing rumours of peace apart from Sardinia as a result of the unhappy 
occurrences in Italy are but too well confirmed. It is to be feared that the 
momentary loss of Lombardy for the Emperor which, in all probability, will also 
follow, will again increase the bad state of things in those parts. Heaven grant it 
all may have no evil influence upon the Austrian armies of the Rhine. In the 
meanwhile, they do not despair about gathering an army to protect the neutrality 
of the North of Germany, and the order for the return of the men on six months' 
leave in marching order has already been given to the Prussian regiments intended 
to march on the Weser. As to the remains of the gathering in the Pays de Nassau, 
all the steps taken for the prolongation of its existence having proved fruitless, it 
was finally a question of dissolution which, as Mr. H. may believe, did not fail to 
cause him (the Prince) infinite pain. The sole satisfaction remaining to him is the 
conviction that he, on his part, neglected nothing in endeavouring to keep these 
brave men for the country in happier times. 

Dated : Berlin, 28 May, 1796. 

The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 
Dated : Hampton Court, 31 May, 1796. 


The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 

" I must go to Windsor to-day and cannot, therefore, make this a long letter. 
I am pleased to see that Mr. Steengracht is not dead, as was reported, and add my 
wishes to yours that the army of observation may, witli the help of God, be an 
instrument for the restoration of the lapsed cause in our beloved and sorely-tried 

Dated : Hampton Court, 7 June, 1796. 


The Hekeditaky Prince to Hartsinck. 

Much obliged by letter of 31st May, and for all the expressions of devotion it 
contained. Sends herewith bonds, etc., and requests Mr. H. to send these securities 
to some one reliable at the Hague, when he has a safe opportunity, to collect the 
interest, etc. Should it be necessary to add something to make a round sum in 
pounds sterling, trusts after Mr. H's. obliging letter he will become his creditor to 
that extent. Requests a couple of pounds (s) green tea at three to four Prussian 
crowns the pound (s) as a sample. He is told that it is possible to obtain very 
good tea at that price at Hamburg, and he will, perhaps, lay by a little store of it 
later. Begs Mr. H. to send the two pounds under his wife's address, which will 
facilitate its entrance here. Apologies and compliments. 

Dated : Berlin, 7 June, 1796. 


Hartsinck to Van der Maesen. 

" In order to reply to your obliging letter, which you did me the honour to 
address to me on the 25th of last month, but which I only received on the 8th of 
this month, with that candour which your obliging and generous behaviour gives 
you the right to expect on my part, it will be necessary to recall to your recollection 
that which gave rise to the Count de Pfaff becoming known to me and to you, and 
to the relations which ensued in consequence. 

Since that fatal moment, which brought about the fall of our unhappy country 
into the hands of the French and of the government of rebels, who laid hold of it 
under their auspices, (he town of Hamburg has been, as it is up to the present 
moment, and as it probably will be up to the last possible moment, the place where 
an infinite number of our unfortunate fellow-countrymen from all the States and of 
all classes, think that they may be able to find either a refuge or means of living ; 
and I have no need, I believe, to assure you that those who are in the last case, 
when they do not find any resources, neither have I seen any since their arrival, 
do not then delay to claim of me that interest and assistance which they believe 
they may expect from me, and which assuredly no one devoted to the good cause 
has ever sought in vain ; as far as I know it was at the end of June or at the 
commencement of July of last year, that Mr. van Kespen Muller, one amongst 
several of our gallant officers, finding himself in an excessively unpleasant predica- 
ment, seeking by every means to procure himself in a respectable manner means of 
subsistence, came and told me that there was here one Count de Pfaff, authorised by 
the British Ministry to raise a corps for its service, who had had the promise to levy 

(5) The Prince invariably writes ••£" inslead of "lb." or " lbs," for pound or pounds. 


[194] a corps for our service some time before the revolution, an event which had placed 
obstacles in the way of the execution of the jilan ; that he was informed that this 
Count asked nothing better than to employ our countrymen, and that, indeed, he 
would be delighted to treat with me with respect to this. 

You have, Sir, had but too much opportunity for judging for yourself what it is 
to be surrounded by brave men reduced to their last shift for having been faithful 
to their duty, whom one would wish to make happy, but whom at the most, one 
can but relieve for a space, and for whom one sees in the future the hardest fate, 
not to be sensible how eager I was to entertain this business with the Count, who 
from the hrst moment, as yon are as well aware as myself, acted in it with a 
generosity, disinterestedness and loyalty above all that I can possibly describe. The 
very day even that we made each other's acquaintance he engaged the four officers 
whom he sent you at first ; and as he sliowed me the letters which Monseigneur 
the Prince of Orange had written to him, and those of the Secretary of the War 
Office, Mr. VVyndham, demonstrated his own accommodation with all connected 
with the plan, and transmitted through my hands the letters by which he pioposed 
to the Prince of Orange and to the British Government, to form one or two 
regiments of our countrymen, which he undertook to retain at the disposition of 
His Serene Highness, seeing that he might have need of them ; I believed I ought 
to profit by an opportunity which seemed to me so safe and so profitable, viz., to 
have reimbursed in England to the Prince, without any deduction and possibly even 
with some benefit, the money of Holland which His Serene Highness had just sent 
me to change here, remitting him the value in bills of exchange, which could not 
be accomplished but with a loss of 12.14 and perhaps 20 per cent. A short while 
after the British Government having authorised Prince Frederick to assemble such 
of our troops who had already left, or were disposed to leave, the country, the 
Count de Pfaff at first requested you to send back to His Serene Highness, in 
consequence of his engagement entered into with me, the men whom he had 
already engaged in his own corps ; since that time the British Government has 
placed restraints upon this levy as well as upon that of all the other corps of refugees, 
and seems to have finally decided not even to grant the chiefs (a few favourites 
excepted) the restitution of the disbursements they made and an indemnity for the 
expenses, which in their position they were compelled to incur. The result of this 
determination is that the greater number of the chiefs de corps employed, and 
amongst others the Count de Pfaff, are ruined from top to bottom, and that because 
they relied upon the engagements contracted with the Government, against which 
one cannot demand the support and protection of the law without incurring an 
expenditure for the defrayment of which the greater number of these gentlemen no 
longer have the means. 

At the commencement the liankers and tradespeojile of the Count de Pfaff 
clubbed together to pay him the wherewithal to live decently in London, provided 
he was willing to stay there, in order to force the Government in justice to pay him 
what was due to him (a condition to which he assented with pleasure, as was 
natural), and to bear the costs of proceedings ; but whether their exjicnditure 
appeared to them to he. too heavy, or seeing that they were not united, he was 


[194] lately on tiie jtoint of being arrested by the man who furnished him with horses, 
etc., so that his position is one of the most deplorable possible ; and conse- 
quently. Sir, it would be in truth a very great service to render him to make 
good to him all that lies within your power. I do not, Sir, deny that not only am I 
interested too, but that, even in the long run, there will be no one but myself who 
will lose in the matter. Misfortune willed that the Government should have 
already made difficulties when the bill of exchange, which the Count had remitted 
to me upon his bankers at London, was presented to them and they, for this 
reason, did not wish to make an advance, that his brother had drawn upon you {t) 
and that, notwithstanding the Cotint had already surrendered our men to 
Prince Frederick, and that, in consequence, there was no longer the same 
reason for paying his draft, yet you did not wish to run the risk of causing 
it to be returned protested; that the reimbursement of the Prince, which I 
believed certain, has failed, owing to all the various contretemps which supervened, 
and that the Count de Pfaff will end up by my owing it to myself, who never 
meddled in the whole of this affair but to do good to all those interested in it : all 
that you cannot possibly carry into the account with the British Government (for I 
imagine that it will be this Government which will reimburse you all that you made 
good to him for the muster), and should this be the case, as I suppose it is, I desire 
with all my heart, that you may be able to carry into account, not only the two last 
payments of fi. 575 and f\. 657. lo, but also the fl. 2250. This would render Count 
de Pfaff a service by diminishing his debt, and me also by saving me this loss, 
which otherwise I should incur for having been willing to please everybody ; and 
assuredly, the British Government will pay but a very small portion of that which 
the Count has the right to claim from it ; if, on the contrary, what you can deduct 
from this account must come to be charged against Monseigneur the Prince of 
Orange, I beg of you to proceed with gre.itest strictness, for never would I allow 
him to lose a farthing in connection with that he entrusted to my care ; although 
my little fortune has been considerably lessened since the revolution, I would rather 
part with my last thousand florins than that a loss should be occasioned to the 
Prince in consequence of my having wished to make him enjoy an advantage I 
believed certain, than live in view of the miserable notion that he would be entitled 
to attribute, if not to my bad will, at least to my imprudence, a loss, which in my 
position, it was impossible to foresee. 

After this lengthy account which I have, Sir, thought necessary in order to 
acquaint you with my way of thinking, you will do all that your heart tells you, and 
all that you conscientiously believe may be done. 

I write by nearly every courier to the Count de Pfaff, but will say nothing to 
him on the subject of this business, until I learn your further decision, and will then, 
with great pleasure, cause to reach him whatever you may have to send him. I do 
not. Sir, disguise from you that the circumstances in which I find myself are such 
that I have great need of the little remaining to me, and that, consequently, the 

(n See nnle (431 as to bill drawn by Count George. 


[194] more you can diminish my loss the more shall I be obliged to you. Be however 
convinced, Sir, that I am incapable of wishing aught which might occasion you the 
least scruple. I value your esteem far too much not to place it above all else, or 
to be wanting in proving to you that I am deserving of it." 

Dated : 10 June, 1796. 


The Prince of Or.wge to Hartsinck. 


Dated : Windsor, 10 June, 1796 (u). 


The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 


Dated : Windsor, 14 June, 1796 (w). 


The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 
Hopes for better news from the Continent. 
Dated : London, 17 June, 1796. 


The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 

Fears that the French are now in possession of all the German States and 
hopes for news that they have been compelled to relinquish their conquests along 
the Rhine. 

Dated : Hampton Court, 21 June, 1796. 

(uj The quality of the writing-paper employed for the two letters from Windsor is notably superior. 


The Hereditary Prince to Haktsinck. 

The prompt discharge of the commissions accounted for in Mr. H's. letter of 
the 14th inst., a fresh proof of his friendship. By letters from Hampton Court has 
learnt of the sojourn in England of Mr. H's. friend, Voute, and of his approaching 
return to the Continent, trusting himself completely to the person Mr. H. has 
chosen for the affair in question. The arrangement about the bill of exchange on 
London entirely to his (the Prince's) satisfaction, and as to the forwarding of the 
two pounds of tea, requests Mr. H. not to think of it but at a leisure moment. He 
(the Prince) has paid here live to six crowns the pound, which appears to him rather 

The unfortunate issue of the opening of the campaign on the Sieg again makes 
the Pays de Nassau the theatre of war. Recalls these unhappy countries with 
profound sorrow, whence daily some great event deciding the campaign is looked 
for. God grant it may turn in favour of the good cause generally and render the 
sole possessions of his father secure from all further invasion. The important 
successes, which the last news from Italy announce as achieved by General Melas 
over the French, are probably known to Mr. H., and he, like the Prince, will 
await conlirmation of the intelligence with the most lively impatience. 

Dated : Berlin, 21 June, 1796. 

Van der Maesen to Hartsinck. 

" The obliging reply which Your Excellency has done me the honour to send 
me upon my letter of the 25th of May, having reached me at the moment that I 
was ascending my carriage in order to go and settle affairs at Bremen, I have 
anew, upon my return here, investigated all the accounts relating to the affairs of 
Col. Count de Pfaff, and I have not discovered one single item, as you will see 
from the account I annex, which I could with propriety carry to the account at the 
pay office of the muster. General Bentinck, who is as sorry as I am to see that, 
with the best intentions in the world. Your Excellency will perhaps be in the 
position of suffering considerable losses, has even allowed me to carry there all the 
recruiting expenses which, without that permission, would have been charged 
differently. It is impossible for me to carry other expenses into the account with 
England, inasmuch as the arrangements were different from the verj- first moment ; 
also Your Excellency may be satisfied that it is solely out of consideration for you 
that General Bentinck has lent himself to the payment of the entire sum of 


[200] II. 1700. 15. As to the ti. 657.10. which is canied into account by his direction, 
ihey will be at the disposition of Your Excellency the moment it in ascertained that 
Count de PJaff will have no indemnity from the British Government. But I beheve 
that it would be well not to let him know of this before the decision in order that 
he may take all the more trouble to obtain it. Since the funds Your Excellency 
and the Count de Pfaff have sent me ought not to, and never could be, considered 
as belonging to Count de Pfaff, and as the said Count has written to me that his 
brother was the master and the one to dispose of them, etc." 

[The meaning of the rest of the letter is obscure, but a note, by Hartsinck, 
follows : "The best answer to this last tirade of Mr. Van der Maesen is to be found 
in my letter of i July," see post (205)]. 
Dated : Xienburg, 23 June, 1796. 

The Prince of Orange to H.artsinck. 

" I pity the poor inhabitants of the Nassau country, who are once more 
exposed to all the calamities of the war, and there remains but little hope that 
things will take a turn for the better in our beloved country, if the news which 
we received here from Germany via France be confirmed." 

Dated : Hampton Court, 24 June, 1796. 

The Hereditary Prince to Hartsinck. 

Acknowledges receipt of letter of the 21st inst., with copy of that he (Mr. H.) 
has addressed to the Danish Minister at Hamburg. The packet of two pounds and 
of the sample of tea which Mr. H. forwarded by the mail-cart, both duly arrived ; 
requests Mr. H. to purchase two pounds of the sample at 12 marcs 8 sch., ten 
pounds of that at 8 marcs, and twelve pounds of that at 6 marcs, for his account, 
and to forward all at Mr. H's. convenience to the address of his (the Prince's) wife. 

" Convinced, as I hope you will be, that I sincerely share with you. Monsieur, 
the unpleasant situation in which you find yourself and which frequently becomes 
very embarassing when it happens that you cannot dispense with showing yourself 
in your ministerial character. You will have been sure, beforehand, that the 
contents of your letter to M. de Schimmelmann could not but appear to me very 


[202] well put for the end you intended it, and that 1 regard it as a step in all respects 
suitable to the circumstances of the moment. I am delighted to hear of the good 
reception your friend announces of the two bonds and the receipt in question, and 
while awaiting further intelligence which you will please duly communicate, I beg 
of you to receive renewed assurances of the very high regard, etc." 
Dated : Berlin, 25 June, 1796. 


The Pkince ok Okaxge to Haktsinxk. 
Hopes to receive confirmation of the news that the French have been beaten. 
Dated : Hampton Court, 28 June, 1796. 

The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 

" I sympathise with you for being exposed to so much unpleasantness for the 
good cause and wish that the time might soon come when you would once more 
have as many joys as you now know trouble. If the Archduke Charles's successor 
should continue as he has begun, I do not look upon things as hopeless. God 
grant that all may turn for the best. I have much difficulty in believing the news 
of the victory on the Adige ; but it is certain that Buonaparte returned, after his 
victories, from Yerona to Tortona." 

Dated : London, i July, 1796. 


Hartsinck to Van der Maesen. 

" Last Tuesday I forwarded to Count de Pfaff the letter you sent me for him 
by that which you did me the honour of writing to me on the 23rd of last month ; 
and, in accordance with your wishes, I have requested him to place me as soon as 


[205] possible in a position to wind up affairs with you. In assuming your feelings to be 
in sympathy with mine (a thing at which I venture to flatter myself you cannot be 
offended, since certainly my heart is not the worst thing about me) I cannot but be 
persuaded that you would like to lessen my loss if you think you can do so 
conscientiously ; and God preserve me from the thought of advancing my interests 
at the expense of anyone, be they who they may ; or from wishing that someone 
whom I esteem, as much as I do you, should overlook anything in my favour, or 
should incur ths least suspicion of not having acted with all the loyalty possible, 
and to be expected of you, and therefore, Sir, I confine myself to assuring you 
that, if Count de Pfaff had not shown me the most lively desire not only to place 
you at the head of the muster which he proposed to make, but also of leaving you 
the entire disposition of the money which I have sent you, I should have been very 
careful about it. Knowing him only by the letters of His Serene Highness and of 
Mr. Wyndham, which he at the outset showed me, it was absolutely impossible to 
know anything positively with regard to his position ; which withal was so much 
the more a matter of indifference, as having had the honour of informing you of 
all that occurred between Count de Pfaff and myself, of the manner in which we 
became acquainted, and the reasons which induced me to send you this money 
belonging to the Prince, it never even entered my head that it could be possible thai 
a single farthing of it coidd be spent which would not be reimbursed by England, 
and, consequently, I do not believe I have to reproach myself with its being 
through want of precaution on my part that I undergo this loss, which, for that 
matter, is not the only one the misfortunes of our poor country have caused me to 

Dated : i July, 1796. 

[This seems a convenient place to make reference to certain accounts found 
amongst the letters.] 

A Dk.\ft Account. 

In a hand unknown, of 34,051 florins, 16 stuivers, 4 peiuiings, received by 
Hartsinck from Opdenhof, for account of H.S.H. the Prince of Orange. 

Dated : June, 1795, to June, 1796. 



Account between The Pkixce of Orange and Haktsinck. 

This account runs to a later date (October, 1797) than (206) and contains 
references to and on behalf of H.S.H. Prince Frederick, an item for carriage of 
"the strong-boxes of H.S.H. to the house of the British Minister," one for the 
purchase of an " Almanach of the Revolution," etc. It has a financial postcript in 
Hartsinck's hand and signed by him. 

Another Account. 
With a signed postcript in Hartsinck's hand. 


A Draft Account. 

In Hartsinck's hand, of moneys expended and received by him for the 
rassemblement (v), amounting to 13,908 florins, 5 stuivers. Containing a complaint 
that certain items "should have been settled with the EngUsh Commissariat and 
not charged to me, as I have in no sense put myself in the place of Count de 
Pfaff, qua hetid of a corps in the English service." 

Dated : July, 1795, to July, 1797. 

An Envelope. 

Containing a settlement of accounts between Hartsinck and Major-General 
Bentinck. The accounts refer to sums paid to Charles, Prince de Croy, and to 
soldiers enlisted for Osnabriick. The receipts signed by the soldiers for their 
travelling expenses (" 5 gulden Dutch," in each case, "on account of my pay") are 
in the hand of Dertinger, the writer of (2i2j, who was secretary to Hartsinck, while 
the latter was Minister Plenipotentiary to the Lower Saxon Circle (k'). 


Containing papers relating to the former house of Hartsinck (at Hamburg). 
The papers are mostly in German and of no particular interest (x). 

DiiKTiNGKK to [Hartsinck]. 

" Having been to Mr. Averhoff and shown him Mr. van Notten's letter, I found 
that he raises a difficulty about paying H.S. Highness the sum demanded. The 
reason of this is that Mr. van Notten's letter to him, which I have the honour to 
enclose herewith, appears to him so obscure that he cannot understand it and he 
therefore requested me to give him some further elucidation. 

The changing of the bank-draft will meet with great difficulties, because no 
one will care to accept it willingly, as it is exposed to the danger of being lost at 
sea, so that whoever takes it is his money out of pocket. 

I beg you to favour me with a reply of some kind, and I have the honour to 
be, etc." 

Not dated (y). 

The Princess of Or.wge to H.^rtsinck. 

Sorry to learn the fresh annoyances Mr. H. experienced at the passage of 
the Prince Royal of Denmark of which, however, he made the best. The Danish 
Court permitting their Minister to reside with the usurpers ot the Republic, she 
supposes the Prince felt obliged to act as he did in consequence of the views at 
Copenhagen. The good news from the Rhine, succeeding the disasters with which 
the campaign opened, are welcome. Ho|ies the good cause will triumph every- 
where, and the unhappy Republic be delivered from the yoke of the oppressor. 

Dated : Hampton Court, 5 July, 1796. 

(x) This envelope has a red seal with Mr. H's. arms. 

(;■) This letter lacks the coTer, but. from the style of address, "Right Nol 
to Hartsinck, His secretary. Dertijiger. has not dated this letter. As it ref 

VAN RYOyrEVELD den24,Deceint)er^ Jr54. 





20 January A! J730. 

corrp:spondence with the house of orange. 

The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 

" The Berbiches have surrendered in the same way as Essequibo and 
Demerar)-. Santa Lucia is captured. It were to be wished that things stood as 
well in Germany as in America, but I fear that the French invasion of Suabia, of 
which we have heard via Paris, will have serious consequences for the good cause." 

Dated : Hampton Court, 5 July, 1796. 

The Hereditary Prince to Hartsinck. 

The samples of tea have been received. He (the Prince) intends, a few days 
hence, when he has tasted them, to write further on the subject. Returns thanks, 
provisionally, for the care and trouble he (Mr. H.) has taken in this respect. 

God grant that the favourable turn of public affairs may not be anew upset by 
some reverse. News from the Upper Rhine are not very satisfying, although not 
alarming. He trusts they will not affect the Lower Rhine. 

Dated : Berlin, 5 July, 1796. 

The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 


Dated : Hampton Court, 8 July, 1796. 

The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 


Dated : Hampton Court, 12 July, 1796. 


The Hereditary Prin'ce to Haktsinck. 

As the Princess pays no post charges in the States of the King, he is sorry Mr. 
Voiite, to whom he desires his compliments, should have troubled himself with so 
heavy a burden [of tea] en route. The advances of the French in the Upper Rhine 
are becoming important, nevertheless, it was pretended the other day that they had 
made a retrograde movement. Let us hope that some new success on the part of 
the Imperialists may very soon counterbalance those of the enemy, give a more 
advantageous turn (to events) for the cause, and hasten the moment of the 
deliverance of our unhappy country. 

Dated : Berlin, 12 July, 1796. 


The Prin'ce of Orange to Hartsinck. 

" It seems that things in Germany are taking a very unfavourable turn and 
leave very little hope that affairs in our country will be restored, and that Germany 
will come out of this war scot-free." (z) 

Dated : Hampton Court, 15 July, 1796. 

The Hereditary Prin'ce to Hartsinck. 

Having tasted and caused to be tasted the samples of tea of the Sr. Weinhardt, 
the Prince requests Mr. H. to forward the twenty-four pounds before mentioned 
as well as one pound at ten and one at seven marcs, from the house of Sr. 
Weinhardt, in order to make a further trial. Unless the Prince mistakes, his father 
should still have money at his disposal at Hamburg, in the care of Mr. H. Has 
already requested to be informed, at a convenient moment, to what sum the total of 
these funds properly amounts, and of what species they consist. If his supposition 
has foundation, requests the desired information. 

Dated : Berlin, 16 July, 1796. 

(*) Literally, "without toni clothes, " without damage. 


The Pkin'ce of Orange to Hartsixck. 
Dated : Hampton Court, i8 July, 1796. 

The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 

" It is not without emotion that I behold the turn which things are taking in 
Germany. God alone knows how it will all end, and when and where the French 
will be stopped in their progress. I fear that the capture of the suburbs of 
Nuremburg will have very serious consequences for the good cause ; but I will not 
express myself further on this subject and confine myself to sending you a letter for 
my daughter." 

Dated : Windsor, 22 July, 1796. 


The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 

Refers to the " most alarming " news from Germany and the state of affairs 
in the Dutch Republic. 

Dated : Windsor, 26 July, 1796. 


The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 

" At this moment I received your letter. I suspected the news that came from 
Germany in the papers and so it did not [word illegible] me. God grant that we 
may soon receive good news again, for, if things continue as they are, then not 
Germany alone, but all Europe is lost." 

Dated : London, 29 July, 1796. 


The Hereditary Prince to Hartsixck. 

Thanks Mr. H. for trouble about the three securities, which he has just returned 
to the Prince. Requests Mr. H., when the opportunity occurs, to assure his friend, 
de B., at Amsterdam, that the Prince is impressed by de B's. disinterested conduct 
towards him, and if in the future Mr. H. has recourse to de B., the Prince would 
be delighted that Mr. H. should make him feel that the Prince wishes him to 
deduct the expenses ordinarily involved in commissions of this sort, to which it is 
but right the Prince should submit with as much good will as de B. showed to 
serve him. Mr. V[oute] has made the interest of these bonds disposable at the 
house of Mr. H's. above-named friend ; the Prince congratulates himself upon 
having conversed with him on various subjects. 

As to the tea, the Prince is almost ashamed of so often making it the subject 
of his letters. Has no doubt that obtaining it from England it would be cheaper 
and of a better quality, but as this would cause a delay of uncertain duration, he 
returns to his letter of the 25th June, and would be delighted if Mr. H. would, at 
an early opportunity, send to the address of his wife, the various pounds of tea 
indicated in that letter. 

Requests Mr. H. to note what he owes him for the supply of what was short 
in the remittance Mrs. de Neufville made for the 70 Louis which the valet 
Englebrecht had, and at his convenience to forward an account of all in which the 
Prince is his debtor, so that he may reimburse him. Thanks Mr. H. for stating the 
sums he holds for the Prince's father. The Prince merely wished to know them 
in a summary way as Mr. H. informed him, and has no further request to make on 
this head. Merely desires some explanation respecting the 5,000 fl. formerly sent 
to Mr. Van der Maesen, seeing that, according to letters, the Prince supposed the 
reimbursement was to be looked after, if he is not in error, by an order upon 
Colonel de Plettenberg. The Prince annexes a letter from his wife to the Duchess 
of York which Mr. H. is requested to hand to her with compliments on the part of 
his wife and regards on his own on his arrival in England. Wishes him a quick 
and happy voyage and that the result may answer exactly to his wishes. Thanks 
him for providing in case the Prince should need his services during his absence, 
measures he will make use of should occasion arise. 

Dated : 30 July, 1796. 


The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 

Is on the point of starting on a trip through England, therefore writes to-day 
instead of to-morrow. 

Dated : Hampton Court, 1 August, 1796. 



The Pkin'ce of Orange to Haktsinck. 
Hopes for good news from the Continent. 
Dated : Woodstock, 4 August, 1 796. 


The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 
Is uncertain whether this will still reach him at Hamburg. 
Dated : Birmingham, 7 August, 1796. 
Docketed : " Answered orally." 

The Hereditary Prince to Hartsinck. 

The tirst thing after receipt of Mr. H's. letter of the 2nd inst., the Prince 
addressed one to the Count de Haugwitz to obtain a passport from the Government 
in the sense Mr. H. desired, and hoping he might still be able to send it by the 
preceding courier, having had no reply from His Excellency, the Prince went 
personally yesterday to him to confer verbally with him, the result being that it is 
believed that such a passport could not be of any use to Mr. H. for the purpose 
desired, or at least would not protect him from any unpleasantness in case of 
misfortune, seeing that his quality of Minister of L.H.P. there expressed would, on 
the contrary, give the enemy a stronger hold in case of an unfortunate incident. 
The Prince hastens to inform Mr. H. of this, supposing him, perhaps, still at 
Hamburg, and requests him to say by return whether a simple passport with 
Mr. H's. name and without the statement of any character, would suffice him! The 
Prince would wish him such in default of the other, in which case he will willingly 
make a further attempt for this object with M. de Haugwitz, who gave him to 
understand the Government could have granted this at first, if it had not believed 
that, without a preliminary explanation, an inference might be deduced that thus the 
present Government of the Republic was recognised. 

By yesterday's mail cart the eight pounds of tea forwarded by Mr. H. to the 
Princess's address arrived ; according to the Prince's previous letters there still 


[229] remains eight jxjunds at 8 marcs, ten pounds at 6 marcs, which he reqnests Mr. H. 
to send on. Leaves him to forward the account when most convenient. Thanks 
him for further credit, also for the trouble Mr. H. took in writing again to his friend 
at Amsterdam in consequence of the letter received from Mr. V[oute]. 

The Princess's ladies wish to have for themselves ten pounds of tea of the 
above-named six marc quality, and two pounds of good tea. Requests it may be 
added to amount above ordered if that has not yet been despatched, otherwise to 
send it addressed to his wife and note the disbursements for his account. 

Dated : Berlin, 9 August, 1796. 


The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 
Dated ; Shrewsbury, 10 August, 1796. 


The Hereditary Prince io Hartsinck. 

Refers to the tea. His wife's compliments, she is extremely pleased with the 
first parcel and appreciates thoroughly the trouble taken. The Prince hopes the 
winds will be favourable for Mr. H's. voyage and that the sea-crossing, going and 
returning, will be as agreeable as could be wished. 

Dated : Berlin, 12 August, 1796. 


The Prince of Orange io Hartsinck. 

Dated : Hampton Court, 16 August, 1796. 
Docketed : " Regu 22 Aout, 1796. 6 Sept. a Londres, Rep. de vive voix. 


Thk Prince of Orange to Haktsinck. 

Dated : Hampton Court, 19 August, 1796. 
Docketed : " Re(;u 29 Aoiit. 1796. 6 Sept. a Londres, Rep. de vive voix." 


The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 


Dated : Hampton Court, 23 August, 1796. 

Docketed : " Rcfu le 31 Aout, 30 heurs apres que les autres lettres ont ete 
distribuees, quoique je I'ai fait demander il y a 24 heurs. Answered orally." 

The Prince of Orange to Haktsinck. 
Refers to affairs in Germany. 
Dated : Hampton Court, 26 August, 1796. 
Docketed : " Answered orally." 

The Hereditary Prince to Hartsinck. 

Acknowledges safe arrival of the tea for the Princess's ladies. Renews his 
thanks for all the commissions accomplished by Mr. H., but the Prince still awaits 
account of what is due to Mr. H. from him. 

The reasons Mr. H. has alleged for not insisting upon the matter of the 
passport are plausible ; the Prince will, according to Mr. H's. desire, do no more. 
Should this letter precede the favourable wind Mr. H. is awaiting before embarking, 
renews his good wishes for the voyage and his thanks as well as for Mr. H's. good 
wishes on the Prince's birthday. 

Dated : Freyenwalde, 26 August, 1796. 

Docketed : " Re9u le 29 August, 1796. 6 Sept. at London." 


The Hereditary Prince to Hartsinxk. 

Letter dated London received on 19th inst. Shares the sad retlections 
resulting from comparison of old times with the present, and although the 
continual vicissitudes of this lower world are but the necessary result of that 
instability which is their chief attribute, it is not any the less certain that the close 
of this century furnishes an epoch extraordinary in the world's history and very 
gloomy thoughts for the human breast. Reflects on uncertainty of war. Mr. H. 
will know of the important successes of the Austrians which up to the present they 
are supporting by consecutive advances, and may God grant this will soon bring 
about a period favourable to the good cause of Europe, and in particular for that 
of our unhappy country. The Prince is much obliged by the news Mr. H. has 
given him of his parents. 

Dated : Berlin, 24 September, 1796. 

Docketed : " Rec. 18 Oct. Rep. viva voce." 


The Hereditary Prinxe to Hartsinck. 

In possession of letter of 15th inst. Most grateful for its expressions of 
devotion, and very sensible of the sad position of Mr. Resselaer, and wishes his fate 
depended only upon the steps the Prince could take for his rescue. Thanks him, 
no less, for the practical interest Mr. H. takes in the disasters of the gathering, and 
cannot but praise highly the manner in which Mr. H. has tried to procure means 
of subsistence for some of the people while awaiting happier times, by which Mr. 
H. increases the number of his good works. The Prince wishes he could take part 
in some decisive measure in regard to the cadets without resources, but not then 
possible. Questions whether the efforts made with Marshal Clerfay in connection 
with them will have any success or, at any rate, that proposed. Hopes Mr. H. 
appreciates the awkwardness of present circumstances which prevent the Prince's 
saying anything positive. Has also just received a request from Lt. Prevot 
Walbeling, asking for money to travel to the Pays de Nassau, and pay to live on 
there. Mr. H. will much oblige the Prince by making Lt. Prevot Walbeling see 
that the Prince has no funds at his disposal, and that, notwithstanding all the good 
will with which the Prince would be of service to him, he is not in a position to 
comply with his request. 

The Prince was not as yet aware on the receipt of Mr. H's. letter, of the 
capture of Frimomale, but as Mr. H. states it capitulated, it is to be supposed it 
will be put under the protection of Great Britain. Another motive assuring our 


[338] hope that it will be one of the number of the possessions which will be returned to 
them at the peace. May peace speedily extract our unhappy country from the 
profound abyss whither party strife and private interest have conducted it, and 
promptly re-establish the sources of its former prosperity. 

Dated : Berlin, 18 December, 1796. 


H.ARTsiNCK to The Prince of Orange. 

" I have this moment been informed that the firm of Muilman, which 
suspended payment yesterday (a), has received the last dividends for Your Serene 
Highness, without, as yet, remitting the same to Your Serene Highness. I hope, 
with all my heart, that the last part of this information may be untrue, but, if, never- 
theless, it should be so, I imagine that Your Serene Highness can look upon your 
claim as a debt that must not be included among the general mass ; and I therefore 
take the liberty of asking Your Serene Highness to consider whether it will not be 
necessary to take some measures in this connection which, if successful, could give 
one occasion to take some step or other on behalf of our poor fellow-countrymen 
who, in this case, through an act of the Government, appear as creditors for all the 
dividends that have been received since the war, so that this loss of theirs may be 
avoided, if not entirely, at least in part. The relations of Baron van Nagell and the 
influence of Your Serene Highness yourself promise more success than I can expect 
from my humble, though well-meant, efforts ; but, if Your Serene Highness should 
be of opinion that I can be of any use, I beg you to dispose of me and always to 
be assured that my own occupations (although- these are now so numerous that, 
for some time, I have not been able to find a moment to pay my respects to Your 
Serene Highness in person), shall never be considered when the opportunity offers 
to give Your Serene Highness continuous proofs of my respectful attachment and 
of the reverence due," etc. 

Dated : 8 February, 1797. 

I On Ibe 26th February, 1797, the Bank of England suspended casb payme 


Haktsixck to The Prince of Orange. 

" Certain unpleasant circumstances, which I requested my brother-in-law, de 
Byland, to communicate to Your Serene Highness by word of mouth — which he 
was prevented from doing by Your Serene Highness's absence and his departure for 
[word illegible] — but which are perhaps already known to Your Serene Highness, 
make me take the liberty of remitting to Your Serene Highness herewith, in a bill of 
excliange on Mr. C. Matthiessen, of Hamburg, at three weeks from date, the sum 
of twenty thousand mark banco (6), being a portion of the proceeds which the said 
Mr. Matthiessen [three words illegible] has received on my account for the sale of 
my house at Hamburg. As is shown by the papers which I handed to Count de 
Byland, and which are now in the possession of Mr. Chelius [?], from the moment 
when I formed the unfortunate connection which will, in all probability, be the 
cause of my total ruin, I set aside this house to serve as a surety for whatever I 
might, at any time, be found to owe Your Serene Highness as balance of the sum 
remitted to me in the year 1795. The amount of this remittance, I believe, exceeds 
considerably that which I owe Your Serene Highness. As I have not yet received 
from Mr. Dertinger the papers relating to the matter and am not in a position to 
draw them out here, I thought it better, in the circumstances in which I am at 
present placed, to pay Your Serene Highness more than my debt rather than incur 
the risk that even a part of so just a claim should be disputed. As soon as I receive 
the accounts, nothing will be easier than to draw up the tinal settlement and send 
this to Your Serene Highness. I still entertain some hope that my partnership, of 
which the dissolution took place on the first of this month, but has not yet been 
published, will be replaced by another, in which case I may hope for a less 
unfavourable turn of affairs than I am able to foresee at present. 

Whatever the fate may be that awaits me and mine, whom I take the liberty of 
commending to Your Serene Highness's protection, assuring you that I have never 
made myself unworthy of it either in prosperity or adversity, nothing in the world 
shall ever make any change in the feelings of respect and disinterested attachment 
to Your Serene Highness's person and house, with which I have the honour to 
subscribe myself." 

Dated : Edmonton, 25 October [1797]. 


The Prince of Orange to Haktsinck. 
" I learnt with great regret from your letter of the 35th, the situation in which 
you are iilaced, and I received at the same time the draft for mark banco 

(t) The Hamburg coin of accouni, equal to about i/jjii. 


[241] which you sent me, for which I thank you. I shall send the same to Hamburg to 
be cashed, but I do not think that you owe me so much. I beg you to furnish me 
as soon as possible with an exact account of the moneys which I sent you in 1795, 
of the expenses which you have paid out of it, and of the amount which you paid 
back to Lt-Col. van der Maesen. I will not profit by your circumstances, and I 
shall return to you what I think that you ought not to pay back to me, when I 
receive your account." 

Dated : Hampton Court, 31 October, 1797. 

H.vRTSiNCK to The Pkixck of Oraxge. 

" The almost hopeless situation of the unfortunate Clark (a Hollander, who has 
been arrested and sentenced for issuing forged bank-notes, and who will be executed 
on Wednesday morning next — very early — unless one can find means, by the 
reprieve of his sentence, to prevent the execution, and give him or his friends the 
opportunity of displaying his innocence and proving that he was absolutely unaware 
that the notes were forged) makes me to take the liberty of begging Your Serene 
Highness (of whose humanity no one is more deeply convinced than myself) to 
allow the bearer of this letter, Mr. Wadeson [ ? ], the solicitor to the poor prisoner, 
to state the case to Your Serene Highness ; and I venture to flatter myself that 
Your Serene Highness will do all that is possible to save the poor man if the bearer 
succeeds in convincing you that an unfortunate foreigner, our fellow-countryman, 
through his ignorance of the language of the country, not only stands in danger of 
his life, but will undoubtedly lose it on Wednesday morning next, unless Your 
Serene Highness makes application on his behalf, either direct to His Majesty or, 
at least, to the Duke of Portland (c), and obtains a reprieve of the sentence. The 
case seems perfectly clear to me, and Your Serene Highness's good heart is the 
surest safeguard that Your Serene Highness will not take it ill of an unfortunate, 
honest man that, in this critical case, he pleads with such zeal for an unfortunate 
fellow-countryman . 

Non ignora mali miseris succurrere disco. 

I have the honour to be. 

With the most profound respect." 
Dated : London, 7 May, 1798. 



" Your Excellency, 

As I have learnt that you have been resident here as Minister of His Serene 
Highness the Prince of Orange and of the States General of the United Netherlands, 
and as I am at present under the greatest necessity of resuming service, I know of 
no other means than that of applying to Your Excellency. I should greatly like to 
be removed into the service of England as, before the revolution of the year 1795, 1 
was an officer on board the national frigate the ]'alkan [Vulcan ?], the Vemcs, 
Captain J. Tulleken, of whom complete information may be obtained concerning me, 
and since the revolution, I have not been in service, wherefore I do not doubt, if 
Your Excellency would put in a word for me with His Serene Highness the Prince 
of Orange, I should then be assisted for certain, as I am now no longer able to 
make both ends meet without service. So I do not doubt but that Your Excellency 
could procure for me, as a commencement, a commission as ensign or lieutenant on 
land, as my most fervent wish is no other than to be able to distinguish myself for 
His Majesty the King of England and the Prince of Orange, our lawful sovereign. 
If Your Excellency can procure this for me. Your Excellency will oblige me most 

Your Excellency's obedient servant, 


P.S. — As I have never yet troubled His Highness in any matter, I see now, for 
the present, no chance of going through the world any longer as an honest man 
(who has cast in his lot with the Prince of Orange) and I do not doubt, since Your 
Excellency is famed as a decent man, but that Your Excellency will at least interest 
yourself in some way or another on my behalf." 

Dated : Hamburg, 13 July, 1798. 

Docketed : " Left unanswered." 

Hartsinck to The Pkixce of Orange. 

" Serene and Illustrious Prince and Sir, 

I should consider myself lacking in the gratitude which I owe Your Serene 
Highness for the kindness which you have shown in sympathizing with me in my 
misfortune, if I did not seize the first opportunity of informing Your Serene 
Highness that, notwithstanding the exertions of my former partners and their 
infamous friends, I have at last had the good fortune to justify my conduct in such 


244] a way tliat nearly all my creditors, the assignees appointed by them, the commis- 
sioners who, by the laws of this country, are employed in such cases, and the Lord 
Cliancellor have acquitted me of all blame. By the signatures of all the persons 
above-named, I have not only been released from all further prosecutions, but, in 
addition, I have been restored to the same condition in which I found myself before 
my misfortune, with this difference, that I have been made to [word illegible : — 
? set aside] for the benefit of my creditors that portion of my fortune which has 
always been beyond the reach of the present Government of our unhappy country, 
and which they have therefore not been able to attach. The fact that it is to the 
interest of the counsel, solicitors, etc., employed in this matter to make it last as 
long as possible (d) prevents my offering the legitimate creditors payment in full 
out of a legacy that has come to me since my misfortune, which, moreover, I cannot 
do in the present circumstances without robbing my children of the right which I 
possess to seek redress for my loss out of the property of one of my partners, from 
which I hope to be partly reimbursed. 

Having in all other respects been restored to my former condition and acknow- 
ledged by every honest man who has had anything to do with my affairs, as one 
who has done even more than an honest man can lawfully be called upon to do, I 
hope that Your Serene Highness will approve of my desire to assure Your Serene 
Highness once more, in person, of my reverence and my respectful attachment, a 
privilege of which my unfortunate circumstances have, to my regret, too long 
deprived me, and for which I take the liberty of humbly begging Your Serene 
Highness's permission." 

Dated : Islington, 14 November, 1798. 

Hartsikck to The Prince of Okaxge. 

"Serene and Illustrious Prince and Sir, 

I would not presume to guess the reasons of Your Serene Highness's silence 
in reply to a communication which I flattered myself would have procured me an 
answer more or less in concert with those feelings, which it is my right and my 
duty to conceive Your Serene Highness to entertain towards those who have on all 
occasions shown that they are prepared to sacrifice their own interests entirely to 
those of Your Serene Highness and your House. It would be humiliating to me 
(convinced as I am that Your Serene Highness does not doubt and cannot doubt 
that I deserve to be numbered among them) if I did more than take the liberty of 

(./) As to Mr. H's. opinion of English law and lawyers, see also post (258} and (270). 


[245] reminding Your Serene Highness tliat I have never asked anything for myself or 
mine and that, on every occasion, I have done all that lay in my poor power to give 
Your Serene Highness unquestionable proofs of my sincere and disinterested 
attachment. The circumstances in which I have found myself placed during the 
past year are undoubtedly of a most unpleasant character ; but, thank God (what- 
ever may have been thought of me, so long as I was not in a position to have my 
conduct investigated), that humiliating period is now past and no honest man, who 
has the smallest knowledge of my affairs, doubts my honour or would hesitate to 
bear the most complete evidence to it ; and it is consequently impossible that, in 
this respect, I can have lost my claim upon Your Serene Highness's sympathy for 
me in my misfortune. 

I have always endeavoured to act as an honest man and to make a good use of 
that which Providence has been pleased to bestow upon me from time to time. 
The only moment in my life when I can remember having wished for a larger 
fortune than that of which I was at that moment in possession, was when I thought 
that circumstances gave me an opportunity of persuading Your Serene Highness by 
deeds that nothing equals my feelings of devotion and my loyal attachment for 
Your Serene Highness's person and house, which will remain unchanged in all 
circumstances and always, and will not end except with my life. 

1 have the honour to subscribe myself, with the most profound respect." — 

Dated : Islington, 13 December, 1798. 


The Prixce of Or.wge to H.artsixck. 

"I received in due course your letter of 14 November and that of 13 December. 
I would have answered earlier, if I had thought that you wished for an answer to 
yours of 14 November, and if I had not thought that you only wished to give me a 
provisional account of the progress of your case. But, seeing that you wish for a 
reply, I cannot fail to congratulate you on the good result of your law-suit, and to 
wish that you may continue to triumph in this matter and come out of the matter 
without loss. For the rest, I shall be pleased to be able to give you proofs of the 
due esteem with which I remain." 

Dated : Hampton Court, i January, 1799. 


Empekok ok Al'stkia to Pkince Fkedekick. 
" Copy of a letter written by His Imperial Majesty and King to His Serene 
Highness my Lord Prince of Orange and Nassau, Major-General in the service of 
the Emperor and King " (e). 

" Monsieur and Cousin, 

Accept my most heartfelt congratulations on your rapid progress in the 
career of military glory : fully sensible of the valour and zeal you displayed on 
divers occasions during the campaign to the advantage of my service and the 
interest of the common cause ; it could not but afford me infinite pleasure to see 
you, so early in life, follow with determined firmness the footsteps of your illustrious 
ancestors, whose heroic prowess justly entitle them to immortal celebrity. I have 
given it in charge to my brother, the Archduke, to present you, in my name, with 
the Cross of Maria Theresa, although one of the statutes of that Order forbids the 
same being conferred on those wearing the decorations of all foreign Orders. I felt 
myself impelled to make this, hitherto single, exception, in favour of your Serene 
Highness, as a stronger token to express my satisfaction and esteem. 
I am, with sentiments of true and sincere friendship, 
Monsieur and Cousin, 
Your Serene Highness's most affectionate servant, 

Not dated (/ ). 


Haktsinck to The Hereuitaky Prince. 

Conveys his sorrow and prayers for the Prince's consolation upon the de;ith of 
Prince Frederick [6 January, 1799]. 

Dated : Febrnary, 1799. 

Th E Hereditary Prince to Hartsinck. 
Received but a few days since Mr. H's. letter, sympathising with the Prince 
upon the sad loss of his brother, whom the ties of blood and friendship made dear 
to him beyond expression, and of which he heard the terrible news on returning to 

it) This is in English and must therefore be a translation of the original letter. 

(/ ) Prince Frederick joined the Austrian Army in March, 1796, and died on the 6th of January, 1799, aged 24 years. 
He was a Feldzeugmeister, or master of the ordnance, in the Austrian army. 


[249] the Continent. General regrets and universal condolences would be a great conso- 
lation, but the wound is too deep to heal for a long while. Nevertheless, none the 
less sensible of contents of Mr. H's. letter, and begging Heaven to spare him like 
occurrences, reiterates the assurances, etc. 

Dated : Berlin, 9 April, 1799. 


Printed C.\kd with black edge {g). 

The Prince of Orange presents His Compliments to Mr. Hartsinck and 
returns many thanks for the Honour of His obliging enquiries. 

[The words in italics are filled in by hand]. 


Hartsinck to The Prince of Orange. 

" I have on several occasions endeavoured to have the honour of waiting upon 
Your Serene Highness and congratulating you in person on the favourable change 
of affairs which, thank God, has taken place in our beloved country, and from 
which one seems to be able to imagine the very best consequences. To my regret, 
I always hit upon the moment of Your Serene Highness's absence, through which 
I have hitherto been deprived of the pleasure of offering Your Serene Highness my 
sincere and lively sympathy in the deliverance of the dear Motherland and in its 
natural consequence, the restoration of the lawful government and of the high 
dignities conferred upon Your Serene Highness and your descendants by the 
constitution (/j), which it seems that Providence, in Your Serene House, would 
protect and confirm against all ill-disposed attempt. God grant that the many 
troubles which Your Serene Highness has experienced during the greater part of 
your sway may be followed by the pleasure of henceforth seeing the whole nation, 
turned from the error of its ways by harsh experience, work harmoniously with 
Your Serene Highness to help save the dear Motherland and, following in the steps 
of Your Serene Highness, sacrificing all self-interest, promote, as far as possible, the 

(^) This probably relates to the death of Prince FreJcrick. 

(h) The surrender of the Teiel fleet to the British admiral on 30 August, 1799, doubtless caused Hartsinck to be 
over-sanguine. In point of fact, the House of Orange was not restored until 1S13. The Batarian Republic lasted until 
1806 and was followed by four years of monarchy under Louis Boniparte and four years of union with France. The 
Stadtholder William V., Harlsinck's Prince of Orange, died in 1806, and his son. the Hereditary Prince of these papers, 
became the first King of the Netherlands, with the style of William I., in 1B14. 


[211] general weal, and that Your Serene Highness may find in the love of the 
inhabitants of the country and in their henceforth unswerving attachment to Your 
Serene Highness's person, a lively proof of the general sympathy in the painful and 
irreparable loss which the House of Orange and the Motherland have sustained in 
the premature death of Prince Frederick, that worthy descendant of his heroic 

During the recent calamitous period of nearly six years, I have endeavoured to 
prove myself not unworthy of the confidence with which Their High Mightinesses 
were pleased to honour me. The approval of my conduct which Your Serene 
Highness has deigned from time to time to express, gives me the agreeable hope 
that my well-meant efforts are regarded by Your Serene Highness in the most 
favourable light and will be conveyed to Their High Mightinesses. I now propose, 
in a few days, to return to Hamburg, the place appointed in my instructions as my 
residence where, as Minister of Their High Mightinesses always recognised by the 
Circle, I hope to find myself honoured with their orders how to bear myself towards 
the Hanseatic Towns which have recognised the government of the Batavian 
Pepublic and their minister ; and I take the liberty of offering Your Serene 
Highness my services there and repeating my assurance to Your Serene Highness 
that my wishes for the welfare and prosperity of Your Serene Highness's person 
and House are both disinterested and sincere, and founded only upon the unalterable 
feelings of respectful attachment with which, after recommending myself and mine 
to your Serene Highness's protection, I have the honour to subscribe myself." 

Dated : Islington, 12 September, 1799. 

The Prince of Orange to Hartsi.nck. 

" I received on Friday last, on my return here, your letter of the 12th inst., 
and am much obliged to you for what you are pleased to say concerning the events 
that have occurred since I last had the pleasure of meeting you and for the good 
wishes which you are good enough to express for me and my House, feeling assured 
as I do, of their sincerity and kindness, and knowing your zeal for the good cause. 
But I cannot believe that it can be your intention, in these circumstances, to go to 
Hamburg, there to resume your ministerial functions, and I trust therefore, that you 
will, before doing so, await the orders of the lawful government of the Republic of 
the United Netherlands, after the said government has been restored and has 


[252] entered upon Its functions. I do not doubt that you will feel that, if you did so 
before that time, you would be exposing yourself to much unpleasantness, without 
this step serving any purpose for the true interests of the dear Motherland or of the 
good cause, and that you will, therefore, until that time, refrain from undertaking 
the journey thitherwards or resuming the character of Their High Mightiness's 
[ ? representative], wherewith I remain, with due esteem." 

Dated : Hampton Court, 16 September, 1799. 


Hartsinck io The Hereditary Prince. 

" I seize with alacrity the departure of the Count de Rhoon to beg Your 
Serene Highness to accept my sincere felicitations upon the happy turn of affairs 
which gives us room to hope we may soon see your illustrious House re-enter into 
the enjoyment of all its rights, and see re-established legitimate government and 
order in our dear country. The flattering approbation with which Your Serene 
Highness has deigned to honour the conduct I thought I should pursue as Minister 
of their High Mightinesses makes me hope he would please cause it to be considered 
from this favourable point of view, which would procure me the honour of their 
commands at Hamburg, whither I propose to go immediately. I should be 
infinitely flattered, Monsiegneur, to find myself equally honoured with those of 
Your Serene Highness, whom I beg to accept the offers of my services, and 
whom I implore to accord me a continuation of his favour and protection." 

Dated : London, 15 September [1799]. 

Hartsinck io The Prince of Orange. 

" I was honoured this morning by the receipt of your Serene Highness's ever 
most revered communication of the i6th instant, for which I have the honour of 
expressing my sincere thanks. Your Serene Highness may please be completely 
assured that I never had the smallest intention of exercising any ministerial functions 
on my arrival at Hamburg. Since the government of that city have thought tit to 
recognise a Batavian minister, it goes without saying that the minister of Their 
High Mightinesses cannot have anything whatever to do with them, but, on the 


[254] contrary, must wait to learn the point of view which his lawful sovereign will take 
of what has happened and regulate his conduct according to the orders with which 
Their High Mightinesses will think iit to honour him. 

My proposed journey to Hamburg has as its object the settlement of my out- 
standing private business there, which has long demanded my presence, although I 
was very pleased not to be able to leave earlier, as I think I may venture to hope 
that shortly after the restoration of the lawful government of the Republic of the 
United Netherlands, I shall be on the spot appointed to me as my residence in my 
instructions, seeing that, for nearly a year after the recognition of the Batavian 
minister, I continued to reside there, claiming to be settled there as minister still 
recognised by the Circle, which the Council never contradicted, but, on the 
contrary, fully admitted, and as at this moment I should still be resident there, if 
the admission of the French national cocade had not made me resolve, in the month 
of August, 1796, to come to England where, to my misfortune, alas, I remained 
but too long. Meanwhile, however, I propose to postpone my departure until such 
time as the good news which is being expected leaves no further doubt of a 
complete and speedy restoration of affairs, on which I hope soon to be able to 
congratulate Your Serene Highness. 

I take the liberty of expressing my respectful thanks to Your Serene Highness 
for your good advice, at the same time flattering myself that my conduct in the past 
will serve as a guarantee that the character of their High Mightinesses will always 
and in all cases be maintained by me according to my oath and duty heedless [? of 
and at] the expense of all that is dear to me, and that I shall always be found loyal 
to the dear Motherland, to my lawful sovereign, and to Your Serene Highness's 
person and House. 

I have the honour to commend myself most earnestly to Your Serene 
Highness's protection and to be, with the most profound respect." 

Dated : Islington, 17 September, 1799. 


The Heredit.\ry Prince to Hartsinck. 

Received letter handed him by Mr. de Rhoon. The Prince thanks Mr. H. 
warmly for the congratulations he there makes upon the success of the enterprise 
so well commenced for the country's deliverance and has no doubt of the part 
therein Mr. H. takes. Regarding what his letter states respecting his intention of 
directly returning to Hamburg, the Prince observes that, inasmuch as the legitimate 
Government of the Republic is not definitively re-established, it appears to him 
that Mr. H. could not resume the functions of its Minister at Hamburg without 


[255] exposing himself to unpleasantness ; so that it seems to the Prince that Mr. H. 
would do better to await the orders of the Government upon its reinstatement and 
resumption of activity ; all the more, as Mr. H's. presence in that town at the time 
cannot be of any use to the country's interests. These are the actual reasons which 
oblige the Prince to cause Mr. H. to look at things from this point of view ; he will 
not be the less pleased to show Mr. H., when circumstances permit, that he does 
justice to the zeal which Mr. H. has always had for the good cause. 

Dated : St. Maartensburg, 28 September, 1799. 


Hartsinck io The Prinxe of Or.\n'ge. 

Encloses an account of moneys, of which account a rough draft is annexed to 
this draft letter. 

Dated : London, 31 October, 1801. 


The Pkin'ce of Oraxge io Hartsinck. 

"I have received your letter of 31 October and have to thank you for the 
repayment of the i^. 8,332 : 2 : 6 owing to me ; but I cannot possibly accept any 
interest for the four years, as calculated by you. You gave this money to Mr. de 
Pfaff believing that, in doing so, you were rendering service both to me and the 
good cause. I cannot take advantage of this and I request you to dispense me 
from accepting the interest. If you will be good enough to send the 8,332 fl. 2 : 6 
to the Princess my consort for my account, she will give you a receipt for it in my 

Dated : Hamburg, 18 November, 1801. 


Hartsixck to The Prince of Orange. 

"On the arrival of the last Hamburg mail, I was honoured with Your Serene 
Highness's ever revered letter of 18 November, in which Your Serene Highness 
has the goodness to acknowledge the receipt of my letter of 31 October, which I 
had hoped to be able to hand to Your Serene Highness on that day in person, 
having been informed that Your Serene Highness intended not to leave here before 
the end of the then following week. I discovered the inaccuracy of my information 
when I called at about one o'clock at Your Serene Highness's hotel and learnt that 
Your Serene Highness had left the same morning. It is with feelings of the most 
sincere and lively gratitude for Your Serene Highness's gracious refusal to accept 
the interest on the moneys to be repaid by me that I take the liberty of representing 
to Your Serene Highness that — although I cannot deny that, since the year 1797, I 
have not had the least use of my property, having been obliged to hand over to my 
creditors all that I possessed in the world, and, consequently, I do not make this 
payment out of moneys of which I have had the enjoyment during that time, but 
out of that which I have saved and, by God's blessing, acquired since that time — 
nevertheless, I think that I am entitled respectfully to request Your Serene Highness 
to be good enough to allow me to add interest to the capital to be repaid, inasmuch 
as it is my best intention, as soon as my affairs are liquidated, to pay all the creditors 
of that fatal partnership the balance of their claims, with interest, out of my own 
pocket ; and, in my opinion, it would be the greatest injustice if I were to treat 
Your Serene Highness, who is my lawful and my only private creditor, less well 
than those whom the (so unjustly admired) laws of this country (i) give a claim 
upon me, although not one of them is in conscience entitled to demand anything 
from me. Now, so far from being afraid of laying myself under an obligation to 
Your Serene Highness, I shall, on the contrary, deem it an honour if Your Serene 
Highness — in the consideration that my payments to Count de Pfaff were really 
made, as Your Serene Highness is pleased to say, with the intention of rendering 
service to Your Serene Highness and the good cause (which I honestly declare to 
have been my only object) — might think fit to bear part of my loss ; and it would 
be the more agreeable to me inasmuch as the greater portion of it was caused not 
by my giving an authority to Lt.-Col. Van der Maesen to make certain definite 
payments to Count de Pfaff, but by payments which the said gentleman made 
without my authority, (;') by the way in which he settled accounts with the English 
government and by the amount which he allots to himself for the management, to 
which must, lastly, be added the account of the 543 louis d'or which Mr. [name 
illegible] paid for me to Dertinger in lygy per saldo. Four hundred were handed 
by the latter to Weinhardt at Hamburg, who has since failed, so that I can reckon 

a upon this question by a close scrutiny of the accounts numbered (206-210). 


£258] that there is about [?] fl. 7,300 missing in connection with the muster, of which 
probably at least a part could be recovered if Your Serene Highness would be 
pleased to take over the said claims from me and cause them to be put forward on 
Your Serene Highness's account, for which purpose, if Your Serene Highness 
approves, I will send Your Serene Highness the original vouchers in proper 
order {k). 

Neither in my former account concerning Count de Pfaff nor in that concern- 
ing the moneys sent to Mr. Van der Maesen have I mentioned anything except the 
entry of fl. 8 : i : 8 as missing and [word illegible] money, because I had not the 
least intention of charging the same to Your Serene Highness. Now, as Your 
Serene Highness has the goodness to inform me of your generous view of this 
matter, I take the liberty of sending Your Serene Highness herewith the accounts 
of the moneys remitted by me to Mr. van der Maesen for the muster, to which I 
add copies of the letter and documents referred to, from which Your Serene 
Highness will learn everything that happened in this case. I have already 
endeavoured to wait upon Her Royal Highness, but, as Her Royal Highness is not 
in town, I hope on an early occasion to have the honour of communicating the 
contents of this to Her Royal Highness, and to receive her orders for the payment 
meanwhile to be made. I have the honour most earnestly to commend myself and 
mine to Your Serene Highness's continued protection and, with feelings of the 
most profound respect, and with an unalterable and sincere attachment to Your 
Serene Highness's person and house, to be." 

Dated : London, 4 December, 1801. 

The Pkince of Orange to Hartsinck. 

" I have received your letter of 4 December, in answer to that which I wrote 
you from Hamburg on 31 October. I make a point of saying in reply, that I am 
firmly decided not to receive any interest on such moneys as you [word illegible] to 
repay me, that I request you to discuss the matter with the Princess of Orange, or 
with those whom she will appoint to deal with it, and, if you are of opinion that you 
do not owe me so much, to tell her so ; but I request you not to ask me to take a 
claim against the government regarding the corps of Mr. de Pfaff in payment. I 
am in no hurry for the money. You can pay it when you are able to do so without 
inconvenience to yourself, but I accept nothing except cash or banknotes, and no 
claims which I should have to try to put forward against the British Government. 
To make a lawful debt [word illegible] and furthermore to obtain payment of it, for 
this I am [word illegible]. I have never asked you for the sum in question, but you 
wrote to me that you owed me the sum of fl. 8322 : 12 : 5, with interest. I accepted 

{k) A number of vouchers are contained in the envelope ante (210). 


[259] the capital, but not the interest. If you are of opinion that you do not owe me so 
much and that you have made a mistake in your accounts, I am prepared to receive 
less, and I have authorised the Princess to receive on my behalf such sum as you 
will be willing to pay her on account of that debt. If you did not care to pay the 
sum in one amount, and if it suited you better to discharge the same in instalments, 
you will receive every facility in the matter, and can arrange it according to your 
convenience with the cognizance and approval of the Princess of Orange." 
Dated : Oranienstein, 8 January, 1802. 

Hartsinck to The Prince of Orange. 

" On Wednesday last, I was honoured with Your Serene Highness's ever most 
revered letter of the 8th of last month. It would never have occurred to me to 
propose to Your Serene Highness to share the loss which I suffered in connection 
with the corps to be raised by Count de Pfaff and the consequent expenses of the 
muster, if the kind expression contained in Your Serene Highness's letter of i8th 
November last, namely, " You gave this money to Mr. de Pfaff believing that, in 
so doing, you were rendering service both to me and to the good cause," had not led 
me to believe that Your Serene Highness intended to bear a part of that loss with 
me and for that reason refused to accept the interest due from me. In this 
supposition, I took the liberty of sending Your Serene Highness the account and 
balance-sheet of the moneys sent by me to Lt.-Col. van der Maesen for the muster, 
with copies of the letters and documents therein referred to, in order, on the one 
hand, to convince Your Serene Highness that the above-quoted observation, with 
which Your Serene Highness honours me, regarding this payment, tallies with what 
in fact occurred ; and, on the other hand, to enable Your Serene Highness to judge 
the amount of that loss, hoping that, if Your Serene Highness had, as I presumed, 
the intention of sharing it with me, Your Serene Highness would probably prefer 
to give me the pleasure of doing so in the manner proposed by me, which would 
afford me an unquestionable proof of Your Serene Highness's conviction of my 
attachment to Your Serene Highness's interests and to the good cause, of which I 
could boast at all times and in all circumstances, especially at the present unhappy 
moment, rather than in a way which (if I could accept it) would oblige me to limit 
my gratitude to the feelings of my heart or, at the same time, to mention the 
unfortunate and most unpleasant circumstances which could furnish the only reason 
for the remission, proposed by Your Serene Highness, of the interest due from me, 
which remission I once more continue respectfully to beg Your Serene Highness 
to excuse me from accepting. It was never my intention to ask Your Serene 
Highness to take over claims upon the English Government ; my loss arises from a 


£260] protested bill of exchange of Count de Pfaff (which, if I be not mistaken, is in 
Your Serene Highness's possession), from payments which Lt.-Col. Van der 
Maesen made without my authority, and commissions which he charged to Count 
de Pfaff, and deducted from moneys which belonged not to the said Count, but to 
me, or, properly speaking, to Your Serene Highness, and lastly to the four hundred 
louis d'or which I lost with Weinhardt. None of these items gives me any claim 
against the English Government, but only against Count de Pfaf¥, Mr. Van der 
Maesen and Weinhardt, of which, however, I fear that my present circumstances 
would make the collecting, if not impossible, at least very difficult. Be this as it 
may, so far from having made a mistake in my accounts or thinking that I owe 
Your Serene Highness less than the stated balance, I shall, with the most sincere 
gratitude for the facilities which Your Serene Highness has been pleased to offer 
me and without making use of them, have the honour of handing Her Royal 
Highness the whole amount of my debt as soon as I have ascertained from my 
bankers how much it makes in English money, of which I hope to receive the 
specification in time to be able to make the payment before the dispatch of this 

I have the honour to commend myself and mine to Your Serene Highness's 
continued protection and to be, with the most profound respect." 

Dated : London, 5 February, 180.2. 

H.ARTsiNCK to The Prixcess of Or.^xge. 
Respecting Mr. H's. payment to the account of the Prince. 
Not dated. [9 February, 1802.] 

The Princess of Orange to Hartsinck. 

Acknowledges letter of yesterday, informing the Princess how Mr. H. deter- 
mined with Secretary Schmitt the payment he, Mr. H., had to make to the Prince 
of Orange. Secretary Schmitt made his report. The Princess yesterday sent 
Mr. H's. letter to the Prince of Orange and informed him of their Saturday's 
conversation, and will not fail to tell him on Friday how the matter is now settled 
— in a way to do Mr. H. honour, as she does not doubt the Prince thinks. Reserves 
decision of Prince on subject of the declaration sent Mr. H. when the Princess 
accepted the capital not only, but also the interest of the sum due to him. Will 
be certainly in town next Wednesday, if that day suits Mr. H's. wife, the Princess 
will be delighted to receive her at two o'clock. Compliments him on his zeal. 

Dated : Hampton Court, 10 February, 1802. 



The Prince of Okange to Hartsixck. 
" I have received your letter of the 5th instant, and I have to say in reply that 
I have authorized the Princess my consort to give you the necessary receipt for the 
sum which she vifill receive from you, but I cannot say otherwise than by my 
[word illegible] that I wish that you would be satisfied that I should accept only 
fl. 8,322 : 12 : 5, and return you the interest on this sum. The receipt can be given 
as having received all that you owed me. I will write to the Princess about this 
and, if it be necessary for me to give you a receipt, I will send you one when I have 
received the draft of it from the Princess." 

Dated : Oranienstein, 21 February, 1802. 


The Prin'cess of Orange to Hartsinck. 

By last night's post from Hamburg received the Prince's answer to the letter 
Mr. H. sent the Princess for him, dated 5 February last. Answer annexed. 
Princess has copy of it. Restores interest on fl. 8322 12 : 5 : which she had 
accepted, not to disoblige him, but only as depositary. Her Secretary Schmitt's 
quittance in his hands fully discharges him. 

Dated : Hampton Court, 10 March, 1802. 


Hartsinck io The Prince of Orange. 

" Her Royal Highness handed me yesterday evening Your Serene Highness's 
ever most revered letter of 21 February and, with it, the sum of ;^i56. 15s. 3d. stg., 
which, reckoning the pound at fl. 10 : 14 Dutch, makes the sum of fl. 1677 :7 : n 
Dutch currency, the amount of about five years' interest on a capital of fl.8322 : 12 :5, 
the balance of account due to Your Serene Highness. I had hoped that Your 
Serene Highness would have done me the pleasure of meeting me, by some other 
means than the return of the interest, in the loss which I suffered over the 
matter and flattered myself that the manner proposed by me would have won Your 
Serene Highness' s approval. Finding, to my regret, that the contrary was the 
case, I considered that I must submit to Your Serene Highness's commands and 
have consequently sent Her Royal Highness my receipt for the interest returned to 


[265] me, for which I have the honour to express my thanks to Your Serene Highness 
herewith. The receipt which Her Royal Highness gave me for the moneys paid 
answers all that I could wish for in every respect, and I shall therefore not trouble 
Your Serene Highness for any further receipt, but, if Your Serene Highness could 
forward me Count van Pfaffenhooven's (/) protested bill of exchange, together 
with the protests, I should be greatly obliged to Your Serene Highness, because 
the said Count arrived here recently, and has every reason to hope that he will be 
paid by the English Government, in which case I am sure that my claim will be 
one of the first which he would reimburse, and I could not well receive the amount 
of it without returning the said bill of exchange to him. 

May it please heaven to permit Your Serene Highness to keep during a long 
sequence of years, in more favourable circumstances, the anniversary of Your Serene 
Highness's birthday, which we celebrated on Monday last with the most heartfelt 
good wishes for Your Serene Highness's person and your illustrious House. 

I have the honour to commend myself and mine to Your Serene Highness's 
continued protection and to be, with the most profound respect." 

Dated : London, 11 March, 1802. 


Hartsinck to The Princess of Orange. 

As to the payment of amounts due to the Prince, and as to the question of 
payment of interest Mr. H. wished to make and the Prince refused. Receipt at 
foot for interest. 

Dated : 11 March, 1802. 

The Princess of Orange to Hartsinck. 
Thanks him for his letters and for something received sent to her with the 
letter for the Prince of Orange, which she at once despatched by the Hamburg post, 
informing the Prince how Mr. H. had been good enough to end this matter, a mode 
with which she believes the Prince will be as much pleased as herself. Mr. H. has 
observed the Prince's wishes, and the Prince will, without doubt, send him the 
document he wishes for as soon as possible (w). 

Dated : Hampton Court, 13 March, 1802. 

(i) In these letters he has hitherto been usually described as Count de Pfaffor Mr, de Pfaff. 
(m) The bill of exchange asked for in letter (265). 



Hartsinck to The Princess of Orange. 

Respecting same matter. 

Dated : London, 15 March, 1802. 


The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 

" I received in due course your letter of 1 1 March, to which I should have 
repHed earher, were it not that I wished to satisfy your request that I should send 
you Mr. von Pfaff van Pfaffenrode's [sic] bill of exchange, together with the 
protests relating to it, but, up to the present, I have found nothing of the kind 
among my papers. I cannot remember either that I received it. Still, as I maybe 
mistaken in this, and I should always like to meet your wishes in so far as in me 
lies, I beg, if you know that you sent me those documents, that you will inform me 
when you sent them to me. This would greatly facilitate the search for those 
documents. I must not omit to thank you once more for the repayment of the 
moneys advanced to Mr. von Pfaff, and for the good wishes which you express." 

Dated : Oranienstein, 23 April, 1802. 


Hartsinck to The Prince of Orange. 

"Your Serene Highness's ever most revered letter of the 23rd of last month, 
reached me yesterday, with the London letters, at Paris, where I arrived a fortnight 
ago, intending, after the liquidation of some outstanding family affairs, to spend 
three or four weeks at my brother-in-law, de Byland's house in Guelderland, with 
my brother and sister, whom I am unable to see in my native city, because of the 
decree of banishment from Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, and Friesland, which, as I 


[265] me, for which I have the honour to express my thanks to Your Serene Highness 
herewith. The receipt which Her Royal Highness gave me for the moneys paid 
answers all that I could wish for in every respect, and I shall therefore not trouble 
Your Serene Highness for any further receipt, but, if Your Serene Highness could 
forward me Count van Pfaffenhooven's (/) protested bill of exchange, together 
with the protests, I should be greatly obliged to Your Serene Highness, because 
the said Count arrived here recently, and has every reason to hope that he will be 
paid by the English Government, in which case I am sure that my claim will be 
one of the first which he would reimburse, and I could not well receive the amount 
of it without returning the said bill of exchange to him. 

May it please heaven to permit Your Serene Highness to keep during a long 
sequence of years, in more favourable circumstances, the anniversary of Your Serene 
Highness's birthday, which we celebrated on Monday last with the most heartfelt 
good wishes for Your Serene Highness's person and your illustrious House. 

I have the honour to commend myself and mine to Your Serene Highness's 
continued protection and to be, with the most profound respect." 

Dated: London, 11 March, 1802. 


Hartsinck to The Princess of Orange. 
As to the payment of amounts due to the Prince, and as to the question of 
payment of interest Mr. H. wished to make and the Prince refused. Receipt at 
foot for interest. 

Dated : ii March, 1802. 


The Princess of Orange to Hartsinck. 

Thanks him for his letters and for something received sent to her with the 
letter for the Prince of Orange, which she at once despatched by the Hamburg post, 
informing the Prince how Mr. H. had been good enough to end this matter, a mode 
with which she believes the Prince will be as much pleased as herself. Mr. H. has 
observed the Prince's wishes, and the Prince will, without doubt, send him the 
document he wishes for as soon as possible (w). 

Dated : Hampton Court, 13 March, 1802. Pfaff. 



Hartsinck to The Princess of Orange. 

Respecting same matter. 

Dated : London, 15 March, 1802. 


The Prince of Orange to Hartsinck. 

"I received in due course your letter of 11 March, to which I should have 
replied earlier, were it not that I wished to satisfy your request that I should send 
you Mr. von Pfaff van Pfaffenrode's [sic] bill of exchange, together with the 
protests relating to it, but, up to the present, I have found nothing of the kind 
among my papers. I cannot remember either that I received it. Still, as I may be 
mistaken in this, and I should always like to meet your wishes in so far as in me 
lies, I beg, if you know that you sent me those documents, that you will inform me 
when you sent them to me. This would greatly facilitate the search for those 
documents. I must not omit to thank you once more for the repayment of the 
moneys advanced to Mr. von Pfaff, and for the good wishes which you express." 

Dated : Oranienstein, 23 April, 1802. 


Hartsinck to The Prince of Orange. 

"Your Serene Highness's ever most revered letter of the 23rd of last month, 
reached me yesterday, with the London letters, at Paris, where 1 arrived a fortnight 
ago, intending, after the liquidation of some outstanding family affairs, to spend 
three or four weeks at my brother-in-law, de Byland's house in Guelderland, with 
my brother and sister, whom I am unable to see in my native city, because of the 
decree of banishment from Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, and Friesland, which, as I 


[270] learn, has been [word illegible] against me by default. Having left all my papers in 
London, I am not able to inform Your Serene Highness of the exact time at which I 
sent Your Serene Highness Count van Pfaffenhooven's bill, but I am certain it was 
before His Serene Highness the late Prince Frederick arrived at Hamburg, that 
Your Serene Highness, on the second or third mail-day after the receipt of that bill 
of exchange, returned it to me protested, that I was obliged to return it to Your 
Serene Highness because Count van Pfaff had left a few days earlier for England ; 
and I feel sure that Your Serene Highness replied that you had handed it to the 
firm of Muihnan to do the needful ; but since that time I do not know what became 
of it. I am exceedingly sorry to give Your Serene Highness the least trouble in 
this respect ; but it appears to me that, in case Count van Pfaff should repay me 
this money, in whole or in part (which there is some hope of his doing) it will be 
fair either to return him that bill of exchange with the protests or to indemnify him 
against all claims which might be made upon him with regard to it. Meanwhile, I 
have asked my wife to go through the correspondence of that time and I hope that 
she will find the exact date, which I will communicate to Your Serene Highness 
as soon as I receive it. 

As our residence in London exposes me to continual vexations from a band of 
scoundrels against whom the English laws do not appear to be able to afford a 
sufficient protection, we have resolved to look for another place, where we can live 
in peace and quietness vi^ith people of our own way of thinking and where we can 
do moreiwith what I have inherited since my misfortune than in England, where 
everything is equally dear (n). 

I have the honour to commend myself and mine to Your Serene Highness's 
continued protection and to subscribe myself, with feelings of the most profound 

Dated : Paris, 22 May, 1802. 


Annette to [Hartsinck]. 

" My dear friend. 

The Princess of Orange's Black wishes to speak with you in person and 
does not wish to visit you because they say he ought not. Object unknown. 
Answer to-night. 

T. A. V. 

Not dated. 

(n) Mr. H. eventually settled in England. 



CovEK OF A Letter. 

Addressed to " His E.xcellency, Mr. J. C. Hartzing, Minister to the Lower 
Saxon Circle, London." 

On the cover are jotted, in two different hands, in ink and in pencil, two 
addresses : " Count [name illegible]. Old Burlington, No. 33," and " Mr. Angerstein, 
103 Pall Mall." [It was in his house in Pall Mall that Angerstein kept the collection 
of pictures which afterwards formed the nucleus of the National Gallery. Angerstein 
had married as his first wife, the widow of Charles Crockatt, Esq. ; Hartsinck had 
married Crockatt's daughter ; in other words, Angerstein was father-in-law, or 
more accurately, step-father-in-law to Hartsinck.] 


CovEK OF A Letter. 

Without date, in the same hand as (4), addressed, " A Monsieur, Monsieur 

Hartsinck, Ministre de Leurs Hautes Puissances Les Etats Generaux des Provinces 

Unies, a Hamburg." Seal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain. Endorsed, in 

English, "This comes from No. 31 Pall Mall, W.S." 

Cover of a Letter. 

Without date, addressed, " A Monsieur, Monsieur Hartsinck, London, Cornhill, 
No. 35." Seal, two shields surmounted by a crown. 

Cover of a Letter. 
Without date, addressed, " A Monsieur, Monsieur Hartsinck, Ministre pleni- 
potentiaire de L.L. H.H. P.P. aupres du Cercle de la Basse Saxe et des Yilles 
Anseatiques a Hamburg." Seal as in (274). 



Cover of a Letter. 
Without date, addressed, " A Monsieur, Monsieur Hartsinck, Ministre Pleni- 
potentiare de L. H. P. aupres du Cercle de Basse Saxe et des Villes Anseatiques 
a Hamburg." Seal indistinct. 


Cover of a Letter. 
Without date, addressed as (276). 



'u. Bay nee cMn 



Amongst the letters in this section there are many to Jan Casper Hartsinck 
(the Hartsinck of these Papers) from various members of his family ; some are in 
Dutch, but most are in French. The packet of letters from his daughter (my 
grandmother) to him are endorsed " Letters from dearest Emilie to her beloved 
Father from 1817 to 1819." There are a fewr letters from her to my grandfather 
(Captain Day) ; all her letters are in English. 

Testamentary wishes are contained in letters (364) and (387), both written ta 
my grandfather, the former by my grandmother, and the latter by the Abbe 
Valgalier. The Abbe was a French emigre, who acted as chaplain to Hartsinck's. 
wife and, after her death, to her daughter : his letter is in French. 

An account of the death of young De Haren (Hartsinck's nephew) at Waterloo,, 
is given in letter (288). 

Some correspondence between my grandfather and his brothers, and between 
him and his sons will be found. Their letters and those from other English relatives- 
are, I need hardly say, in English. 

There are also several letters written by my mother to my father. But,. 
strangely enough, there is not a single letter from my father to anyone ; to remedy 
this omission I have added to the collection three letters written by him to me. 
My mother used to carefully keep packets of correspondence including, doubtless^ 
many letters from my father to her, but, at her death, these were all destroyed. 



B. Skerrett to [my Grandfather's Mother]. 
" Ma tres chere amie, 

I received your last most welcome favour some time after it was written, and 
assure you it gave me true pleasure to hear from you." 

Refers to praying for each other and the happiness of Heaven. Mentions Miss 
M. Gage, Miss Hannan, Miss Grenier, and Miss Fitzgerald [former pupils], and the 
changes in posts held by the nuns at the convent, and sends blessing and kindly 

" Your affectionate and sincere friend, 

B. Skerrett, Ursuline. 
My compliments where due." 
Dated : Lille, 6 October, 1775 (a). 

De Haren to Hartsinxk. (6) 

Returns thanks for wishes of Mr. H. and his wife for the happiness of the 
writer, who is able to employ "we," having been married since Monday, 12th 
inst., at night, quite quietly passing the evening with the Ladies Byland (c) and 
Count Alexander. " We supped early and to bed early. We left on the Sunday for 
Amsterdam to obtain extraordinary leave until March 25th, which will permit us to 
pass the winter there, and give me the opportunity of presenting my wife to her 
mother-in-law and also to my whole family. Byland having communicated to us 
the scheme of speculation you acquainted him with in Russian exchange, I have 
determined to employ some money in that way. Genl. Lerre is dead some days, 
aged 83 years, having had the Regiment since '64, and our friend, du Moulin, has 
the government of Flanders, worth, at a moderate estimate, fl. 50,000. The state of 
the unfortunate Count de Byland continues most critical, it has the appearance 
"d'un Verral van Kragden." 

Adieu, my dear friend, time does not permit me to enlarge further. 

C. W. H." 

" Cecily will take up the pen. What remains for me to add to Haren's letter ?■ 
Unless indeed to assure you that your remembrance and friendship to which I 

(a) Amongst the books in my possession is a prize gained by Mary Fleming in 1769 at the Ursuline Convent at Lille : 
she married Thomas Day (the father of my grandfatherj on i May, 1777, see Pedigree, post (483;. 

(6) Charles, Baron de Haren, married Cecily, a sister of Hartsinck : see Pedigree post (435), Folio 27. 

(c) Hartsinck's sister, Susanna, was married to Frederick Sigismund, Count de Byland, see Pedigree pos: (435)- 
Folio 27. My fjther was probably christened Sigismund after his granduncle, Count de Byland. 


[279] entirely commend myself, would be at a loss how to add to the happiness I enjoy, 
and of which I flatter myself you will very soon be witness ; deign to believe me 
in the meanwhile, your always devoted 

[Added partly in Dutch, apparently by De Haren.] 

"The young people of the Duel have their sentence from the Court which 
confines itself for Bourren and Byland, to a reimbursement of, etc. The affair of 
the ( ?) Ozuetas, although the Prince had assisted at the last ' Dratte,' has still failed 
in Guelders. . . G — knows when it will end. You were correctly informed 
that my brother is in treaty with Lynden for his Company, of which he wished to 
make the acquisition for a pretty considerable sum for Andrew. I have still the 
same views as to leaving the Regiment and being placed elsewhere, if only the 
Prince will second them, should the opportunity present itself, always provided that 
he wishes me to remain in the Guards where [words illegible]." 

Dated : Wagenruque, 14 December, 1791. 

Addressed : Monsieur Hartsinck, at London (d). 



" Sir, — I have the honour to acquaint you that my wife was brought to bed 
very happily of a daughter this morning. I flatter myself that you would wish to 
share the satisfaction I experience." 

Dated : Maestrict, 28 February, 1792. 

De Haren to Hartsinck. 

" I hasten, my dear friend, to announce the good news to you that my dear 
Cecily was brought to bed this morning about half-past ten of a bouncing Boy who, 
like his mother, is doing perfectly well. You imagine our joy, wishing much, 

(d) Nearly every letter received by Hartsinck is docketed in his hand with the date of receipt and reply. It has not 
been thought necessary to give these dates in the present precis. 

(e) Ferdinand Louis Franijois Michel. Comte d'Oultremont de Wigimont, married Johanna Susanna, daughter of 
Andries Hartsinck, see Pedigree post (435), Folio 25; the infant lived to be the morganatic wife of William I. (the 
Hereditary Prince of these Papers) after his abdication. There is a reference to Madame d'Oultremont and her 
children in a letter, poit (301). 


[281] Cecily above all, to have children, and I am satisfied that she will be a worthy and 
good mother, and her son has a healthy and vigorous look and promises well, she 
Hatters herself that she will nurse him. I do not know whether that will succeed. 
Our matter since e.xamination takes a good turn, and I no longer doubt our 
innocence will very soon be fully manifested. I do not readily see what satisfaction 
could be made us for a detention of twelve weeks, and believe it has come to be a 
subject of regret, and that it is begun to be felt that an unadvised step was taken. 
The sentence of Breda will be pronounced next Monday and the following days. 
Adieu, my dear friend, a thousand kind compliments to your wife, and believe me, 
in very great haste, your always devoted friend and brother, 

C. W. DE Haren." 

Dated : The Hague, 21 June, 1793. 

Addressed : Mons. J. C. Hartsinck, Counsellor and Alderman of the town of 
Amsterdam, at Amsterdam. 

J. VAN DEN Velden and J. Hartsinck to Hartsinck. 

Addressed "Sir and Brother," and announcing their approaching marriage, 
the first banns to be proclaimed on Sunday ne.xt, the 3rd of May. [Followed by a 
postscript in French from Miss Hartsinck, referring to herself as " Co Co," 
obviously a pet abbreviation of her Christian name, Jacoba]. 

Dated : Amsterdam, i May, 1795 (/) 


De Smeth to Hartsinck. 

Announces the death of the writer's step-father, Ferdinand Louis Francis 
Michael Count d'Oultremont de Wegimont, at Brussels, on the 20th November inst., 
in consequence of a pleurisy, at the age of thirty-eight years. "My mother (g) loses 
in him a husband whom she cherished and her sorrow is past expression. I am. Sir 
and very dear Cousin." 

Dated : Brussels, 22 November, 1799. 
Addressed : Mons. Hartsinck Crocket. 

(/; Jonkheer Jan van den Velden (b. Amsterdam, 6 February, 1768), son of Jacob Andries van den Velden and 
Susanna Antoinette Nepveu, became Burgomaster of Utrecht, a member of the Second Chamber, member of the 
Supreme Military Council and a vice-admiral. Created a jonkheer, 20 August, 1847. Jacoba was a sister of Hartsinck. 
As to their descendants and J. van den Velden's second marriage, see note to Folio 27 of Pedigree, post (435). 

(g) The writer was a son by the first husband, Dirk de Smeth, Meesterknaap of Gooyland ; Comte d'Oultremont, 
her second husband, was a Colonel in the Dragoon Guards— a descendant of his was Chamberlain to the late King of the 
Netherlands, see Pedigree post (435), Folio 25. 


A. A. Verhamme to J. J. Angerstein. 

Sends a letter for the writer's brother-in-law, Mons. J. Hartsinck informing him 
" that our clear sister, Madame Jacoba Hartsinck, wife of Mons. Jan van den 
Velden, at Utrecht, was brought to bed of a stillborn child and died shortly after ; 
the labour occurring on last Monday, at 3 p.m., and her death at 4 o'clock on 
Tuesday morning " (h). 

Dated : Amsterdam, 8 August, 1801. 

Addressed : Mr. John Julius Angerstein, at London. 


C. Keating to Miss Fleming. 
" My dear Madam, 

I have seen the young Roscius ( i ) three times since I wrote to you last, in the 
characters of Romeo, Tancred, and Douglas, in the two latter he equalled, indeed, 
exceeded, my expectations ; in Romeo I did not like him so well, but on the night 
of his benefit, when he performed Tancred, he was admirable. I think I never saw 
such fine acting, and so sweetly did the little rogue make love, you would have 
supposed him a veteran in the art. Then so princely, so dignified in every gesture 
and action, so much feeling and expression wherever it is required, yet nothing 
oittree, his conception and discrimination so just throughout that too much cannot 
be said in his praise. While you see him perform, the idea of the child is lost in 
the talent of the actor, etc. [In the course of a long letter the writer refers to 
various persons and topics.] I hope, my dear Madam, you have regained your 
tranquility and that nothing in future will occur to interrupt it, if every good wish 
and the knowing how to appreciate your uncommon worth, could secure to you 
every comfort, no one would exert themselves with more zeal and sincerity than, 
dear Madam, your affectionate and obliged 

C. Ke.\ting." 

Dated : London, 20 February, 1805. 

Addressed : Miss Fleming (; ), John Street, Bath. 

(/i) The writer of the letter was married to Haruinck's sister, Catharina, see Pedigree, fost (435), Folio 27. John Julius 
Angerstein had married, as his first wife, the widow of Charles Crolcitt ; as to the Crockatts ^c post (486). Angerstein was, as 
before mentioned, Hartsinck 's, Hartsinck having married a daughter of Charles Crukatt. 

(») Master Betty appeared at the Covent Garden Theatre on i December, 1804. 

(7 ) She was an unmarried sister of Mary Fleming, who married Thomas Day ; in other words she was an aunt of my 
grandtatber Captain Day : see furtber as to Miss Y\im\n%, post (485). 


Bracken-bury to my Grandfather. 
" My old Day, 

[Then come three verses in French], 

Now, if thou canst not understand the above, thou must get thy Dictionary. 
For, in the first place, I send it thee by way of exercise, and, in the second, that 
thou ma3"st be astounded at my great erudition, for I assure thee that it is entirely 
from my own knowledge box. I sincerely hope that you may congratulate me on 
my appointment to the Lieutenancy, however, if the tables are reversed, congratu- 
lations will of course ensue. Capt. Arbuthnot is promoted to the Reserve. I have 
lately begun to study the German language and am kicking up a fine dust among 
the verbs. I have little doubt but I shall make a creditable proficiency if we are 
not ordered to Quebec. 

We have no interesting news, so you continue in the idea that I am your 
sincere friend 

I. Brackenbury." 

Dated : York, March 12, 1805. 

Addressed : Ensign Day, 49th Regt., Fort George. 

My Grandfather to my Granduncle Tom. 

" I have received a letter from the Adjt.-Genl. authorizing me to find my own 
passage to Quebec as soon as possible {k). I made my application when in London 
ten days ago, but did not get my answer till this morning. I came down here for 
the Assizes, which are now going on (I). The prisoner of my party the grand jury 
found no true bill against." 

Writer arranges for going home to pack, etc., and sends affectionate remem- 
brances to his mother, sisters, and brother Sam. 

Dated : Hertford, 6 March, 1814. 

Addressed : Mr. Day, Englesbatch, near Bath. 

(A) My grandfather, Captain Day, embarked for Canada, 23 March, 1814, and returned to England on 15 July, 1815, too 
late to take part in the battle of Waterloo, at which young De Haren (cousin of his future wife) was killed. The diary kept 
by Captain Day going to and from Canada and during the American war is given /tJj/ *5i3>. 

il) My father used to attend Hertford assizes as a barrister and afterwards as a judge ; I also did in the former capacity. 


Hartsinxk to HIS Wife (w). 

I have, my very dear Friend, just received letters from Holland, which bring 
me the sad news of the death of my dear Charles de Haren ; here is what Byland 
points out to me. The letter is dated the i ith of July. 

' With you, my dear Friend, penetrated with the truths of our holy religion and resigned to the 
Will of an Almighty God, I need not employ many precautions in acquainting you that God has 
removed from us in the glorious but bloody battle of the i8th June, the good and excellent Charles de 
Haren, a cannon-ball carried him off from the side of his General, William de Byland, whose aide-de- 
camp he was. He died gloriously for a good cause and for the country. God will, I hope, have 
mercy on his soul ; he was one of the first to offer the King his services in the crisis in which we 
found ourselves, and he placed him upon the staff of the Army, and General William de Byland, 
and notwithstanding his youth and inexperience, was pleased to take him as his aide-de-camp, and 
here is what he wrote me respecting him but a few days ago ; — 

" Charles de Haren was my friend, although we differed by more than 20 years ; his education, 
his qualities, his talents, placed him above his years, and gave him a superiority which distinguished 
him from his comrades. He was generally loved by all who knew him, and the distinctions I could 
not aroid according him from time to time never occasioned any jealousy. On the i6th of June, at 
the battle of (^uatre Bras, was the first time he had been under fire, and he behaved perfectly. I was 
as careful of him as I could be in an affair which lasted from five o'clock in the morning until eight 
in the evening ; he reproached me about it, which I admit to you was very pleasing to me. I was 
expecting a battle on the 17th, but the English troops having arrived, we received orders to take up 
a new position near Waterloo where Lord Wellington judged it more suitable to beat his enemy ; 
at evening we were drawn up in battle array, and after one of the most frightful nights, we discovered 
on the morrow, 18th June, the enemy before us in a pitched battle, having formed his batteries and 
reserves in close columns. The cannonade began at one o'clock and towards two o'clock the army 
of the enemy set itself in motion, debouching four columns on the march composed of the Imperial 
Guards. We received this shock on the right wing of my brigade, three of my battalions were 
broken on two occasions, and it was in the rallying of these battalions that Charles de Haren was 
of great service to me and where at my side I had the misfortune of losing him ; witness of his last 
moments, I can assert that he had not time to suffer and that his death was glorious, the sensible 
loss I had just made turned me away from a spectacle so touching, and drew me into a melee in 
which I received my wounds." 

There is not a moment when I do not think of this misfortune, and I believe these sparse details 
may interest you, he carries away the regrets and esteem of the whole world. You knew him, my dear 
friend, but as a child, and although he already promised much, you might believe that what I have 
said was partial, but that which 1 have just copied for you cannot be so. He was essentially good, 
without weakness of character, amiable and gentle in society with his inferiors as with his superiors 
and his equals. His conduct was regular, neither was he destitute of means, and although he was 
not wanting in assiduity at Court, which this winter, indeed, greatly increased, I assure you with 
truth that he never gave me cause for serious complaint, judge then of my regrets, my dear friend, 

(w) This is the only letter in my posse-sion from him to my great-grandmother. 


TaSSI y°" ^^° have known so many losses agonizing for a father's heart. My wife loved him to adoration, 
she foresaw his death from the instant of his departure and although her presentiments were but the 
result of her anxiety, she has not suffered the less. His poor mother, too, has been in the deepest 
despair, but is at present calmer, the health of both, as well as that of Mde. Verhamme, being pretty 
good. The two last are now near their sister at Ringenberg ; I flatter myself that weeping together 
■will afford them some consolation. Yet one word on the subject of our good child to give you an 
idea of the regrets he leaves behind him. The Princess Dowager of Orange said concerning him to 
my sister, de Boetzelaar, "perhaps he was too good for this world, God must have wished to take 
him to Himself." This will at least prove to you that he was not without merit. Poor Cecily not 
being herself in a state to give you details, I have charged myself with the duty, and have waited 
some time in order to be able at the same time to reassure you about the health of your sisters.' 

To this sad, interesting account I can only add my prayer that the hand from 
which the affliction comes will deign to hallow it for all of us. 

Yours truly, 

J. C. H. 

(Added as a postscript) : — My love to Emily and kind regards to all friends. 
Send me the direction of the Sabloukoffs, that I may answer their kind letter. Is 
he not a Cornet ? («)• 

Dated : Chichester, i8 July, 1815. 

Addressed : Madame Hartsinck, Bath. 

Lt.-GeN. J.\NSENS (?) to [M.^DAME DE HaREN]. 

" Military Order of William. Chancellerie, No. 145 [or 195]. 

Your son has suffered a hero's death in the glorious battle of Waterloo, under 
the command of our excellent Prince of Orange. 

I can conceive the distressed feelings of a mother's heart at losing a son whose 
father, in earlier days, also sacrificed his life for the country. 

His Royal Highness the Prince of Orange has mentioned your son as having 
distinguished himself. Had he been permitted to survive the great day, his merits 
would have been rewarded with the Military Order of William ; and I am 
authorised, Madam, to inform you of this intention. The sorrow of a mother w^ho 
has lost her only son is not easily assuaged ; but there is a certain comfort in being 
able to mention with pride the name of a son who is mourned by an adored prince 
and a gallant army. 

I beg you. Madam, to accept the assurance of my high esteem. 

Jansexs [?], 
Lieutenant-general and Chancellor." (0) 

Dated : The Hague, 28 August, 1815. 

(f» He became a General. 

(0) Chancellor of the Military Order of William. The above is a copy of the Chancellor's letter made by Madame de 
Haren as mentioned by her in the next letter (290). 


Madame de Haken to Hartsixck. 
(In pencil) Isaiah 45. 9, Jerem. 18. 6, Rom. 9. 20, 21. (p) 

" Although it grieves me, my dear brother, I do not wish to delay replying to 
your consoling letter. I am convinced that you will sincerely sympathize with me 
in my sorrow. I have lost the happiness of my life ; he, who was its joy and glory, 
exists no more, he is in a better world, where nothing will interfere with his 
welfare, but I, unhappy mother, who since two and twenty existed only for this 
dear son who is no more, four months ago I was the happiest of mothers and now 
am the most miserable, imploring the Almighty to unite me with this dear son. 
Existence without him is insupportable to me, may God grant me strength to resign 
myself to these inscrutable decrees in His goodness. He has left me a husband, 
who weeps with me over this object of my affection, and who strives by his 
touching attention to moderate the bitterness of my sorrow. De Byland and my 
sisters, who loved my dear Charles as their own son, have urged me to stay with 
them in order to divert my thoughts. I strive as much as in me lies to get the 
better of my grief. But, alas ! I have lost all, and the idea of no more hearing 
myself called by the sweet name of mother, renders me inconsolable. I have one 
great consolation, namely, that he died, not mournfully, a glorious death, but 
convinced that his days were numbered ; in several of his letters he desired me to 
be undisturbed by his fate, saying that if his hour had not come no bullet would 
touch him, that my image would ever be present with him, that it would guide him 
and possibly preserve him in danger, and thai if he had the misfortune to fall, thai he 
hoped it would be doing his duty in a manner worthy of his ancestors, of his father, 
and of a beloved mother. Forgive me, dear friend, for saying all this to you. It is 
to show you that he was at peace and resigned. Alas ! he has but too well done 
his duty. I have received a letter about it from the Chancellor of the Order which 
I will endeavour to copy for you, and if anything can afford me any consolation it 
is seeing that he was generally esteemed and regretted. 

If you have had uneasiness about the fate of my child, judge of mine. From 
the moment that I heard of the return of Napoleon upon the Continent, I felt 
terrible uneasiness about the future, and dreaded that a great misfortune would 
befall me, without however fearing what has happened to me. My health has 
resisted this fatal blow. You are in a position to judge what I feel, my dear 
brother, as you too, have lost a dear child who would have been your delight, but 
a daughter ( q ) remains to you, but to me nothing, all my hope, as far as this world 
is concerned, is annihilated. But I hope in my God, and when I shall have passed 

ip ) The pencilled references are in a different hand and were probably added by Hartsinck. 
(q) Emily, the future Mrs, Day, my grandmother. 


[290] through the severe trial He has put upon me He will not abandon me, and some 
day I shall know the object of all these misfortunes of which I have been the mark 
upon this earth ; may that day not be distant. 

I have just learnt the shocking calamity which has just deprived Madame 
Boucherett of a beloved husband and her children of a tender father ( r ). Say to 
her many sympathetic things on the part of an unhappy mother. Goodbye, my 
dear brother, continue your valuable friendship to me, which I invoke also for my 
husband, who enjoins me to remember him to you, and if, during your leisure 
moments, you would write to me, it would be a balm for my wounds ; pray for me 
that I may speedily rejoin those who are no more. 

I beg of you to remember me to your wife and daughter,. I thank both the 
one and the other for their remembrance, which will ever be dear to me, and if my 
sister, de Byland, replies, I shall try to add a few lines. Goodbye, my friend. I 
embrace you in spirit, and am your 


[Postcript] — It was not without shedding tears that I have just copied the 
paper annexed hereto, but it is sweet to hear those one loves praised and to prove 
that our repining is deserved." 

Dated : Le Brink, October [1815]. 

My Grandmother io Hartsinck. 

[This is the first letter in a packet indorsed " Letters from dearest Emilie tO' 
her beloved Father, from 1817 to 1819." Her letters are all written in English. 
She was born in 1790 and married in 1824 my grandfather, Captain Day.] 
" My darling Father, 

I can write no other way than I do \i.e., on a small piece of paper] for they 
have put all on board, and I have even been obliged to borrow a guinea of our friend 
to pay the bill at Harwich ; he will tell you all particulars, and you will be able tO' 
get from him the details of his own journey back. I can say little except that I am 
well and my heart is full. Bless and love your child, and tell dear Miss Hankey (s)- 
I have it not in my power at present to s.-iy all I feel for her kindness, but I hope L 
soon shall. 


[291] Adieu, dearest father, believe me now and ever, your most affectionate and 

dutiful child, 

Not dated. [It was answered on 3 May, 1817.] 

On back of the paper is an account by the daughter of expenses, to and at 
Harwich, amounting to ;^ii. 6s. 6d. The chief items are for chaise, driving 
through Brentwood, Chelmsford, and Colchester and for [ passage] " Captain 
Bridges £•]. los. od." 

My Grandmother to Hartsinck. 
" My dearest Father, 

Many, many thanks for your kind letter received, I need not say I hope, with 
heartfelt gratitude yesterday ; I also got one from my dear mother, this has added 
indeed, if possible, to my happiness, for tho' I was by no means uneasy, yet I longed 
to hear from both my beloved parents. My aunt and uncle (<) are all kindness and 
I really feel quite at home with them. On Saturday I return with Suzette {u) to 
Utrecht, and from thence we shall proceed to the seat of my uncle. I almost 
regret leaving The Hague so soon. I amuse everyone by my endeavours to speak 
Dutch ; they give me great hopes I shall be able to learn my native tongue without 
great difficulty. Since my last letter I have seen Mr. and Mrs. Lampsin, Lady J. 
Bentinck, Mr. A. Hope," etc. 

Dated : 13 May, 18 17. 

Addressed : J. C. Hartsinck, Esqre., Miss Hankey's, 29 Great James Street, 
Bedford Row, London. 

My Grandmother to Hartsinck. 
" My dearest Father, 

You see by the date of this letter that I have made the acquaintance of one 
more uncle. I like them all : this I must say, there is more unison in Mr. Van den 
Velden's ideas on the most important of all subjects, than with any of the others, 

; van den Velden ; there is a letter from her, ^05/ (373). 


[293] and this is a link even stronger than gratitude for the extreme kindness and affection 
shown me by my dear aunt and uncle de Byland, but they, alas ! alas ! will think 
and hear of nothing the least serious, and drown all care in worldly pursuits." 

[Then follows an account of the delicate health of the children], " but, entre 
nous, there does not seem much affection on my aunt's part for any except the girl, 
and that more I believe de principe que de gout." The writer refers to "the 
emptiness of all pursuits except eternal ones. I creep out early of a morning 
and have had the comfort of practising my religion just as comfortably as in 
England." {v) 

Dated: Utrecht, 22 May, 1817. 

My Gkaxdmother to Hartsinck. 

" My dearest dear Father, 

We came here last week, and I must say I find this province extremely pretty 
and very like England, but the misery occasioned by the overflowing of the Rhine 
exceeds all idea, and at this very moment the expectation of a like disaster 
damps all spirits for, unless the weather changes, it must happen again, and then 
adieu to crops, cattle and everything ; if all these calamities did but open the eyes 
of the sufferers, then indeed, they would be blessed curses ! but, alas ! they only 
grieve and mourn, and are not willing to acknowledge that the Almighty is just in 
his chastisements." 

[Then follows a commission to buy some ribbons of patterns enclosed to 
match gowns bought in England.] 

" I send you a letter to give to Haren, with the little parcel : his affairs are, I 
believe, in statu quo ; here they have great hopes of his being well placed as aide- 
de-camp to the Prince or King. As for anything of real good happening to him, 
alas ! I fear there is little or no hope while the world has such complete hold 
of him in every way." 

Dated : Brink, 31 May [1817]. 

(!•) Het mother was a Catholic ; amongst the books in my possession is a Catholic prayer book gi-ven to her bf 


My Grandmother to Hartsinck. 

Explains why she did not reply to a letter from Miss Tibbs, "and now, dear 
papa, I cannot again thank you for speaking candidly to me on this subject, for I 
had rather at any time be told of my faults than think that my father did not love 
me well enough to tell me of them. If I am to be presented at Court, this will 
again very considerably augment my expenses. They allow no one to appear at 
Court except en grand cosUinie. Should you not approve of it, I will not go. The 
de Harens arrive here to-morrow. Near here everything is as bad as it well can 
be — miserably poor, ugly and dirty." [Then follows a report of a conversation 
with her aunt on religion.] " I told her how miserable I felt at her very different 
way of believing the Word of God." 

Dated : 26 September, 1817. 

Addressed : J. C. Hartsinck Esq., North Street, Chichester, Sussex. 

My Grandmother to Hartsinck. 

" My dearest dear Father, 

I thank you a thousand times for j-our indulgence in sending your lace to me, 
and as I am obliged to dress as is required at all these different Courts, I hope this 
loan will be a great saving, as lace is a horrid thing to buy. Last Monday I had the 
honour of being presented to the Princess mother and also to the Duchess of 
Brunswick ; they asked much after you and said it was easy to see I was not an 
impostor, — I was so like you and at the same time recalled my mother also to their 

I know not when I shall see the Queen as she very seldom has a Drawing 
Room, but before I leave I certainly shall have that honour, as well as of being 
presented to the young Prince, who is now daily expected from Brussels. 

What a foolish figure he now makes, to say no worse, he is blamed by all, and 
must end by doing, as all naughty children, beg pardon and promise amendment. 
However, it is too melancholy and serious a subject to be laughed at, so I will leave 

Dated : The Hague, 11 December [1817]. 



My Gran'dmother to Hartsinck. 
*' My dearest Father, 

Since I wrote you I have been quite immersed in Fashionable Life, but not, I 
can very safely say, in gaiety, for the heart is but ill at ease in the midst of such 
dissipation, and tho' I am not wiser or better than my fellows, I have tasted other 
sort of pleasures, and all these, I assure you, only make me feel delighted that I am 
not by situation doomed thus to spend all my life. I have been several times at the 
Princess's, and have seen all the Royal Family ; last Wednesday I was presented to 
the Queen, who was very gracious, and on this occasion I own I felt pleasure, for 
as the clock struck twelve both her sons approached to kiss her hand, and she 
embraced them with the fondest expression, particularly the Prince of Orange (w), 
whose eyes filled with tears, at seeing his mother's, overflowed : this, I believe, was 
occasioned by the recollection of the late events, which are, however, now most 
happily terminated, and everyone thinks his conduct was owing to extreme youth 
and bad advisers. To judge by appearance one would think him the younger 
brother, and tho' he appears very amiable and to have a good heart, he has not 
either the dignified affability of his brother or his very interesting appearance and 
expression of countenance. Prince Frederic reminds every one of his uncle (x), 
and is in person also like him and his mother." 

Dated ; The Hague, i January, 1818. 


My Grandmother to Hartsinck. 

*' My dearest Papa, 

I have had a cold, which unhinged my stomach for some time and I believe the 
diet here is more cooling than quite agrees with me in winter, so the doctor of my 
aunt has ordered a better sort and particularly with respect to the wines here drank, 
and I feel already it has been of use. I must tell you that the Court here is quite 
on a familiar footing, for the Prince literally visits everywhere, and the Princesses 
go to all parties, and very often even to the public balls ; this, I own, takes much 
from the respect they ought to inspire ; and the two Princes literally become ' Hail 
fellow, well met' with all, for the balls generally end by a romping match headed 
by the Prince of Orange. I cannot refrain telling you these details, but trust pour 
Vhonneur de la Patrie, you will not mention them again. 

Dated : The Hague, 30 January, 18 18. 

(w) Afterwards William II. 

(x) His uncle was the Prince Frederick whose letters have been giten in Section 1. of these Papers. 



Rev. J. Sargent to Haktsixck. 

" Dear Sir, 

Mrs. Fry, the Quaker, who has been of so much use to the poor criminals in 
Newgate, is extremely anxious to know, from good authority, what was the Law in 
Holland respecting persons guilty of forgery. I told her that I was persuaded 
that you would readily give her the information she seeks ; she has therefore begged 
me to address a line to you soliciting this information, if possible, by return of post, 
directed to her, Mildred's Court, Poultry. She is most desirous of the earliest 
information, as she means to make use of the statement in her application for arrest 
of judgment in the case of two poor women condemned to be executed on Tuesday 
next for forgery (y). 

I remain, dear Sir, etc., 

John Sargext. 

[Postcript.] Mr. Wilberforce begs me to present his compliments to you." 

Dated : Kensington Gore, Friday, 13 February, 18 18. 


Hartsinck to Mrs. Fry. 
" Madam, 

I received this morning a letter from my friend, the Rev. Mr. J. Sargent, who 
desires me to inform you, etc. Under the former legal Government of Holland, by 
which I have been many years employed in different capacities, and particularly as 
a member and, in the year 1789, as the President of the Court of Justice at 
Amsterdam, the punishment of several delicts, and amongst them forgery, was not 
positively determined by law, but left to the judgment of the respective Court before 
whom the criminals were tried and consisted according to the more or less aggra- 
vating circumstances, in flogging, with or without the additional punishment of 
marking the criminal with a hot iron between the shoulders, and some years of 
confinement, during which they were kept to hard work. But in cases in which the 
Government itself was injured, or in which the public at large were exposed to 
great dangers, forgery was punished with death. I do not think that under the 
present Government any alteration in this respect has taken place. Not having 
been in Holland since 1805, I am not able to give any further positive information 
about the present laws, but I have no doubt that either Baron Fagel, the Ambassador 
of the King of the Netherlands, or Mr. May, the Dutch Consul, would gladly give 

{y'l A note shows that the two women were eiecuted on Tuesday, 17 February. 

qJL. ^au nee ^al^icnci^. 


[300] their assistance if applied to. May the Lord be pleased, Madam, to sanction your 
charitable exertions to the souls of the poor unfortunate objects of your Christian 
love, and make you the honoured instrument to bring them to the knowledge of the 
blessed Jesus, the Friend of sinners. I am, with the highest esteem and respect, 

Your sincere friend and brother [ ? ] in the Lord, 

J. C. Hartsinck." 
Dated : Chichester, 14 February, 18 18. 

My Grandmother to Hartsinck. 

" It being Lent, I have been a little less dissipated and far less inclined to 
regret this circumstance than the others are willing to believe. However, I went to 
one ball lately, a Court gala given for Prince Frederic's coming of age — this, I was 
told, I dare not refuse, unless seriously ill. 

Mr. J. C. Hartsinck, brother to Madame d'Oultremont, is very much aged and 
exceedingly poor. Madame sa sceur is by no means an object of my admiration or 
even esteem, and as for her children (z), we hardly ever speak unless they dine here 
(which is very seldom), for they are far too high to be civil to me, and I am far too 
independent to court them ; thus, though second cousins, we are not friends. In 
short, I may be prejudiced, but since I have returned to The Hague, I no longer 
find cordiality or even the sort of politeness I first experienced, and I begin to think 
John Bull still the best. Nothing can exceed the friendship I have met with from 
my near relations, and I may truly say /« les aime de tout mon cceur." 

Dated : 9 March, 1818. 


My Grandmother to Hartsinck. 
" My dearest Father, 

The letter you enclosed me from Mary Webber would, I am sure, have pleased 
you, for it was very serious and full of Christian sentiments. Last week I remained 
quite alone at home and spent it much to my taste, — this week, also, is to be passed 
in retreat, as it is Communion in all the churches. I beg you to remember me most 
kindly to Mr. Bliss, Miss Mant " (a), etc. 

Dated : The Hague, 23 March [18 18]. 

(i) One of these children became, as preriously mentioned, the morganatic wife of William I. 

(a) My uncle Edward married a Miss Mant, but I do not know whether she was related to the one above referred to. 



My Grandmother to Hartsinck. 

The Fagels, who were to have accompanied her on the return journey to 
England, cannot ; Uncle John is going too, soon, etc. 

" By the by, on the 15th, my aunt, de Spaen (b), sets off for a tour of five 
months by physicians' orders. I trust it will be of essential service to her poor 

Pray remember me to all my good Sussex friends, and now adieu, dearest 
Papa, believe me, with most dutiful and affectionate attachment, yours most truly, 


Dated : 4 May, 18 18. 


My Graxdmother to Hartsinck. 

An uncle, who intends spending a short vacation in England, offers to escort 
her home in July. 

Dated : 12 May, 1818. 


My Grandmother to Hartsixck. 

" I will, if possible, write to Mary from the Brink, but I have little chance of 
sending letters free from there, and I do not think mine worth her paying so much." 

Dated : The Hague, 26 May, 18 18. 

(6) Hartsincks sister, Cecily, married firstly Charles, Baron de Karen. The Karen family is eirinct : their onlj 
son was killed at the battle of Waterloo, as related in letter anit (188). She married secondly the Baron de Spaen, Lord 
of Ringenburg ; this family is also extinct. 


My Grandmother to Hartsixck. 

Dick, her uncle's second son, is also to visit England. " It will be of service 
to him, as he has learned English but dares not speak it." 

Referring to the question of bedding accommodation for them, she says " I 
have often slept very ill [in Holland], for neither the bedsteads are comfortable nor 
do they make the beds half as well as in England, so I can now shift anyhow. We 
have shocking roads here, Sandy Seas, so there is no driving out ; we were nearly 
eleven hours coming forty miles the other day ! " 

Dated : The Brink, 8 June [1818]. 

My Grandmother to Hartsinck. 

Describes her pain at parting with her uncle and aunt, and reflects that pain is 
better for the soul than joy, etc. 

" I hope you have forwarded the necessary permissions for my uncle, cousin, 
and myself to Harwich ; I think if they were directed to the Alien Office, we 
should be less plagued by having to wait for them. Will you give my most 
affectionate regards to Miss Hankey and tell her, if the wind is good, I hope to 
profit of her hospitality next Monday or Tuesday." 

Dated : Utrecht, 14 July [1818]. 

My Grandmother to Hartsinck. 
" My dearest Papa, 

I have this moment received and read your letter to poor Mama ; I cannot give 
the good account I should wish of her cold, which yesterday got so much worse I 
sent for Mr. Hay." The writer begs pardon for many faults committed since her 
return, hopes the Lord will forgive, etc. 

[Postcript.] " Mama sends her kindest love and the Abbe (c) best regards." 

Dated : Bath, Friday, 2 o'clock [25th September, 1818]. 

Addressed : J. C. Hartsinck, Esq., North Street, Chichester, Sussex (d). 

(c) The AbW Valgalier, a French priest who, having lost eTerylhing in the revolution in France, lived 
with Madame Hartsinck, and after her death, with her daughter and Captain Day, 

(li) All the following letters from my grandmother are similarly addressed, unless otherwise r 



My Grandmother to Hartsinck. 

" My dearest dear Papa, 

Thank God, to-day, I can give you a satisfactory account of our beloved 
patient," etc. 

Dated : Tuesday [29 September, 1818]. 

My Grandmother to Hartsixck. 

Gives details of her mother's serious illness. " Mama desires me to give you her 
very best love and to tell you that every day the good Abbe brings her a beautiful 
odoriferous rose which, in some measure, compensates for not seeing her dear 

Dated : Bath, 2 October, 18 18. 

My Grandmother to Hartsixck. 

Gives an account of the patient and refers to relatives in Holland. 
Not dated. [Postmark 6 November, 1818.] 

My Grandmother to Hartsinck. 

A few lines, undated, accompanying a letter from Mr. Hay to Hartsinck. His 
letter, on same sheet, refers to a suggestion of calling in a physician, and gives his 
reasons against this proposal being carried out for the present. 

Dated : Monday [Postmark 23 November, 1818]. 



My Grandmother to Hartsixck. 
Treats of her mother's illness. " I have just had a letter from Aunt Boucherett, 
in which she tells us that, after having been assured that both her, my uncle, and 
mama, would recover French Tontines, which would have been about ;^30. a year 
to each and arrears of twenty years, and having all of them been at expense to prove 
their existence, lawyer's fees, etc., it turns out they have no claim." 

Dated : Bath, 24 November [1818]. 

My Grandmother to Hartsinck. 
Mentions that Dr. Gibbs is with Mr. Hay in attendance. 
Dated : Bath, 3 December, 1818. 

My Grandmother to Hartsinck. 

" The Abbe insisted on my trying to get a good nurse to relieve me at nights : 
after some reflection, I wrote to Keans, who is in a very good place [nearly ;^2o. a 
year wages] and has been there nearly five years and much liked, to say I was 
greatly distressed and, will you believe it, before night she was with us, to stay till 
my mother is well, and then to return and give warning, as I have urged my mother 
to take her again." 

Dated : Bath, 5 December [1818]. 

My Grandmother to Hartsinck. 
Gives an account of the patient and refers to relatives in Holland. 
Not dated. [Postmark, 11 December, 1818.] 



My Grandmother to Hartsinck. 

" On Saturday, Mr. Hay told me it was really necessary that Mama should be 
removed (e) to Bath, as he was unable to attend her, as her illness required, from 
pressure of business ; and Dr. Gibbs, from the danger his wife is in, will not go out 
of the immediate neighbourhood. Thus I wrote Mr. Langton word to seek us 
lodgings, and before midday on Monday he had found us these [7 Westgate 
Buildings] which are very comfortable as well as reasonable, near the Pumps, and 
everything, except elegant, which we did not wish. Mrs. Parker, who has 
uniformly been kinder than kind, sent us her carriage. Kean's mistress wrote to 
say she must come back on the very day I wrote to you, and thus I should again 
have been lost, had not a kind Providence sent Marguerite to me. Keans will 
return on the 26th, as her mistress will then have suited herself with another. In 
the midst of misery, I have every reason to bless and praise God for the many 
comforts He has granted me." 

Dated : No. 7 Westgate Buildings, Bath, 16 December [1818]. 


My Grandmother to Hartsinck. 

The illness has taken an alarming turn. "Alas ! To me this is nothing new, 
my poor heart has long feared it ; and it was only trusting in the Almighty ever 
made me hope the doctors would cure this complicated illness. Mama has spoken 
of death with wonderful resignation and peace. The Abbe is broken-hearted." 

Dated : i8 December [1818]. 


My Grandmother to Hartsinck. 
" Pray, my dear Madam [Miss Mant], read this to my Father, as it will be 
Sunday when it reaches, and I fear he will not open it " (/). 

(«) From Prospect Cottage, Widcombe Hill, Bath. 

(/) This it written inside, and at top of, the letter, which is addressed on the outside, "J. C. Hartsinck, Esq., to 
the care of Miss Mant, Chichester, Sussex." From a memorandum on the outside it would seem that Miss Mant did 
open the letter, and from the letter being re-addressed to the care of Rev. Mr. Way, Stanstead, Sussex, that Mr. H. was 
not then at Chichester. 


[319] " My dearest Father, 

There has been, I trust and hope with the blessing of God, a happy crisis in 
my beloved Mother. After I finished my letter yesterday, the Abbe gave her the 
last Sacraments, which she received with the most perfect recollection and 
devotion ; she appeared to us gradually to improve since then, and all that is now 
required is perfect peace. I have read your very kind, affectionate letter to her, 
and she bids me tell you that should she die, she is perfectly convinced of your 
sincere affection and bears you the same ; she begs most earnestly pardon of any 
offence she may have given you and assures you of her tenderest attachment, and 
forgiveness of any you may ever have given her ; but that the circumstance of your 
difference of religion prevents her being able to wish to see you in these trying 
moments, for it would be impossible for you to say anything that would give her 
any comfort, and she feels more and more consolation in the blessings the Roman 
Catholic Faith gives. Your praying and talking always agitates her spirits, and 
Dr. Gibbs and Mr. Hay both say might counteract the effects of the remedies 
they give. Mama desires to add, had you been in her state she should not 
have offered to disturb your last moments by showing an anguish she could not 
have concealed, and when I said so strongly I would not be excluded your dying 
room, I only meant I would summon courage to attend you as a most careful and 
affectionate imrse, but would by no means ever try to interfere with those of your 
Christian friends, whose way of thinking and yours are in unison. Beheve me, my 
beloved Father, it grieves me to have this painful task," etc. 

Dated : Bath, 19 December [1818]. 


My Grand.mother to Hartsixck. 

Sends two words to say her mother is a little better. 

Dated : 20 December [1818]. 

Addressed : J. C. Hartsinck, Esq., Rev. G. Way, Stanstead House, Emsworth, 
Sussex (g). 

ig) Emsworth, though bordering on Sussei, is in Hampshire. 



My Grandmother to Hartsinck. 

States that beloved patient goes on well though still in danger. 
[Postcript.] " Mama desires her kindest love and the Abbe mille amities.' 

Dated : Bath, 21 December [1818]. 

Addressed : As last, but re-addressed, " Care of Miss Mant, Chichester." 

My Grandmother to Hartsin'ck. 
" My dearest dear Father, 

I received yesterday yours of Monday, and it grieved me to see the pain I had 
been forced to inflict ; indeed, indeed, had I not acted entirely both by the command 
of the physicians and the desire of my poor dying mother, I never could have found 
strength to do it ; but you must see, placed as I was, I had no choice, and well 
knowing it would be impossible to you to keep from talking to her, and that it 
was, in fact, the chief reason of your wishing to be with her, I really felt I must tell 
you the exact truth : as for offering her the consolations of religion, believe me, the 
good Abbe is fully capable of speaking to her the most consoling and encouraging 
truths ; and of bidding her look with most perfect love and confidence to the 
merits of our Lord ; that He alone can save and will never reject the penitent 
sinner. As he hardly left the room, every moment she was capable of hearing us 
was employed in prayers and exhortations ; I could not be on my knees, but my 
poor heart prayed without ceasing and I said all I could, tho' as I said before, the 
Abbe was far the best to speak comfort to her at such a moment. 

Yesterday I was much surprised and delighted at a very unexpected visit from 
both my uncles, who, having heard at Willingham of her danger, travelled night 
and day to see her or offer me any assistance I might want. Uncle John, at setting 
off last night on his return to London, insisted on paying the extraordinary expenses 
of physicians and change of house, saying she had not only been his sister but his 
own mother, and as such, not being able to share with me the care of nursing her, 
I was to allow him the pleasure. They were both greatly affected at seeing her 
and at the very few words she said to them." 

Dated : Wednesday, 23 December [18 18]. 



My Grandmother to Hartsinck. 
" My dearest Father, 

Only two words to say Mama is as ill as can be, neither Dr. Gibbs or Mr. Hay- 
have any hopes, as they fear her last hour is fast approaching. She is perfectly- 
happy and resigned and is going, for the third time, to receive the last Sacraments ; 
God have mercy upon her and comfort us in this awful moment. Mama, who 
knows I am writing, desires her tenderest love." 

Dated : Saturday [26 December, 1818]. 

My Grandmother to Hartsinxk. 

[Is written by P. Baines for her.] Mr. Hay will meet Mr. Hartsinck at the 
White Hart," and offers a bed at his own house. 

Dated : Bath, 27 December, 1818. 


My Grandmother to Hartsinck. 
" My dearest Father, 

You may come when you like. Mama is in momentary expectation of seeing: 
you and will, I trust, not suffer much by the emotion. She is, I think, if anything,. 
rather better since morning." 

Not dated. 

Not addressed. [The note was doubtless sent by hand to her father, who» 
was then in Bath.] 


Memorandum by Hartsinck. 

States that his wife died at 9.45 a.m. on 2nd January, 1819, and that "ore 
opening her will on 4th January, Mr. English, the attorney, reading it, we founds 
that she had made our only child, Emilie Hartsinck, her sole heir and executor." 



Henry Crokatt to Hartsinck. 

A letter of sympathy on death of his wife (the writer's sister). 
Dated : New Hummums, 4 January, 1819. 

J. J. Angerstein io Hartsinck. 

A letter of sympathy on death of his wife. 
Dated : Woodland, 4 January, 18 19. 

J. Hartsin-ck to Hartsinxk. 

Condoles with him on the death of his wife, Mrs. A. P. Crokatt (sic), the writer 
having suffered a similar loss some months before. 

Dated : Delft, 10 January, 1819. 

Addressed : Wei Edele Geboore Heer de Heer J. C. Hartsinck, Bath. 


M. Chabanel (h) to Hartsinck. 

Condoles with him on the loss of his wife. 

Dated : Amsterdam, 13 January, 1819. 

Addressed : Wei Edele Gestrenge Heer de Heer J. C. Hartsinck, Bath. 

(*) Widow of C. Hartsinck Janz. 



J. C. Hartsinck to Hartsinck. 
Condoles with him on the death of his wife. 
Dated : Amsterdam, 14 January, 1819. 
Addressed : Wei Edele Gebore Heer de Heer J. C. Hartsinck, Corfiz te Bath. 


Madame de Spaen (t) to Hartsinck. 

" My very dear Brother, 

You will do me justice, my dear friend, by persuading yourself that I take a 
very sincere part in the loss you have just sustained, accustomed (as I have been) 
for years to enduring losses and being very sensitive (to them), I always put myself 
in the place of those whose unhappiness is recent, and I rejoice, my dear friend, 
that you were present during the last days of your wife's life, and consider it a 
great blessing for us all that you are satisfied with her resignation ; do not condemn 
her because she died in the religion which she confessed during her life. We 
Protestants are too enlightened to question the salvation of one dead outside our 
Church, and you (are) yourself, my dear friend. I am convinced that her memory 
would have been less thought of by you if upon the bed of death she had abjured 
the religion she chose from conviction. I (confess) that that astonished me (with a 
superior mind which I always attributed to her) but having once adopted this 
religion, I think it was fortunate she persevered in it, believing it to be the best, 
and whatever displeasure I experience at the idea of your daughter, dear Emily, 
being a Catholic, I should renounce her friendship for ever, if she was capable of 
changing (she having assured me that she had chosen this religion from conviction). 
Like her mother may you, my dear brother, forget the different manner of worship- 
ping the Supreme Being, and .igain become not only a father to your dear daughter, 
but her friend and her protector. I grieve for her with all my heart ; her loss is- 
infinitely greater than yours, my dear brother ; may God sustain her in her 
unhappiness. I shall venture to offer up prayers for both of them. 

My health is infinitely better than it was last winter, the voyage has done me 
good, and I endeavour to resign myself, as far as possible, to my fate, and call upon 
Heaven to be pleased to grant me strength not to grumble. My husband has 
charged me, my dear friend, to say many kind things on his behalf to you, and 
although he did not know the departed, he flatters himself that you would accept 
his condolences and be assured of his thorough esteem. 

( i ) Cecily, Hartsinck's sister, the wife of Baron de Spaen ; she had preTiously been the wif« of Barcn de Haren- 


tSS^] ' have written to you on a half-sheet, my dear brother, desiring or being 

obliged to insert this in Emily's letter, not knowing your address ; if you could give 
it me, I could for the future write to you direct. I have still many apologies to 
make you for not having answered your last letter, but the fact is there are certain 
points upon which we do not agree and, therefore, it is better to let them pass in 
silence. Good-bye, my dear friend, may God preserve your dear daughter, the 
only blessing remaining to you. Keep your highly valued friendship for me, and 
beheve me during my life, your friend and sister, 


Dated : Ringenburg, 15 January, 18 19. 

P. Hartsinck to Hartsin'ck. 
" Sir and cousin," condoling with him on the death of his wife. 
Dated : Amsterdam, 20 January, 1819. 

Addressed : Wei Edele Geboore Heer de Heer J. C. Hartsinck, Chichester, 
Sussex (forwarded to Bath). 


Hay to Hartsinck. 
Thanking him for a present of a book. 
Dated : Bladud Buildings [Bath, delivered by hand]. 

LAMPSiNs(y) to Hartsinck. 

" Sir and %-ery dear Cousin," condoling with him on the death of his wife, of 
which the writer had already been informed by Count de Byland. The writer's 

(;■; Mailre Apollonius Jan Cornells Baron Lanipsins, Lord of Swieten, was born at Amsterdam, i8 February, 1754, 
■was a town-councillor of Amsterdam. 1784— 1787, Bailiff of Flushing, 1787. member of the Colonial Council, 1795, Priry 
Councillor and Chamberlain to the King of Prussia, receiTed into the Dutch nobility with the title of Baron, by royal 
decree dated 18 December, 1S15, member of the Second and First Chambers, member of the Commission of Notables, 
Chamberlain Extraordinary to the Sovereign Trincc and the King, and died at the Hague, 19 June, 1834. He married 
at Amsterdam, 25 July, 1773, Anna Margaretha Hartsinck (b. Amsterdam, 29 July, 1751, d. Amsterdam, 18 December, 
1783), daughter of Mailre Pieter Hartsinck and Joanna Margaretha Hasselaer. As to descendants and subsequent 
marriage, see note to Folio a6, Pedigree poU (433). 


[33s] '■cg''c* '^ increased by the memory of the kindness which he and his daughters 
received from the deceased during their stay in London. 
Dated : The Hague, 18 January, 1819. 

Endorsed in Jan Casper's handwriting, with the initials or names of seventeen 
or eighteen individuals, including "Mrs. D. and E. Day." 


M. Way (k) to Hartsinck. 

Thanks him for a parcel, whilst regretting his absence from the consecration 
of the chapel. 
Not dated : 
Addressed : J. C. Hartsinck, Chichester [delivered by hand]. 


My Grandmother to Hartsinck. 

" I performed the office of clergyman myself to the maids in the afternoon and 
evening, as we had been prevented from going to church. The Abbe sends you 
tnilU et milk amities et respects and is much occupied with his flowers." 

Dated : Monday, 22 February [1819]. 


My Grandmother to Hartsinck. 

Discusses articles to be bought at a sale and difficulties with servants. 
Dated : 26 February [1819]. 

(*) Wife of the ReT. Mr. Way. 



My Grandmother to Hartsinck. 

Refers to the sale and servants ; also to painting the house. " We have never 
seen anyone here to break the tete a tete, yet we have not found time at all 
heavy" (/). 

Dated : Wednesday. 


Memorandum 6^ Hartsinck. 

He was married by Rev. Thomas Penton, in St. Andrew's Church, Holborn, in 
presence of Captain and Mrs. Hirst. [Hartsinck married Matilda Hankey on the 
8th November, 1819 ; she was born on the 3rd February, 1770, and Mrs. Hirst was 
her sister.] 

My Grandaunt Martha to my Granduncle Tom. 

" I must write a few lines to you, my dear Tom, as I left you without taking 
any leave of you. Be assured of the affection I retain for you, do not be angry with 
me for complying with what I think to be my vocation. After a little trial, if it 
prove otherwise, I shall be happy to again return to our dear family, from whom I 
have separated with sincere regret and not without the hope, if I should continue, 
of again seeing you all. 

I have experienced such kindness from all, that it is the greater affliction to 
me to reflect that I shall, by the step I have taken, as I fear, be a cause of uneasi- 
ness, but do hope it will soon pass. I sincerely wish you all happiness, for which 
I shall daily pour forth my supplications. I remain, my dear Tom, your affectionate 

M. Day." 

No date. [In 1820 my grandaunts Martha and Susan joined the same Order 
of nuns, and both died in the same Convent in 1865.] 

( ; ) •• We •' means herself and ihe Abbi. 


My Grandaun't Maktha to my Granduncle Tom. 

" Most heartily do I condole with you, my dear Tom, on the irreparable loss 
we have sustained in our most kind and affectionate Mother. I dwell with satis- 
faction on the remembrance of her piety ; it helps to soothe me in my affliction and 
gives me the hope that she will soon be in the possession of happiness far beyond 
what this world can bestow. An all-wise Providence, in these events, reminds us 
of our own mortality, and warns us to prepare ourselves during the short time of 
our earthly pilgrimage for a happy eternity, and I earnestly beseech the Almighty 
for my dear family, that we may all there meet to part no more. 

We consider it very kind of dear John to have paid us a visit on this melancholy 

My dear Tom, do you never intend to come to see us ? We are still your 
affectionate sisters and, although inclosed within the happy walls of a convent, we 
feel a lively interest for our dear friends who are embarked in the tempestuous 
ocean of the world, and are anxious for their every happiness. 

Rev. S. Day has written to Sr. A. Austin ; our uncle had informed him of our 
loss and he had said mass for the dear deceased. He has been in Derbyshire to 
meet his sister with her children at Mr. Ellison's friend's house ; he considers them 
very fine children. His own health is better he says than when he first went to 
Standish, though still delicate. With every best wish to you, my dear Tom, 
I remain, your affectionate sister, 

M. I. M. Day." (m) 

Not dated. [Her mother died 25 September, 182 1.] 

Addressed : Mr. Day, Inglesbatch. 


My Grandaunt Martha to my Gran'daunt Frances. 
" My dear Fanny, 

Accept our thanks for your kind letter. We are much obliged to you for 
writing, and I wish oftener to receive the productions of your pen. I think we 
have reason to complain of our brothers' long silence. John surely cannot complain 
of want of time, and we have often expressed our desire of hearing from him, and 
indeed, each one of our dear family. I lament to hear so poor an account of our 

(m) " M. I." stands for Maria Ignatia, the names taken by her on becoming a nun ; Susan's names in her religious 
Tccation were Anna Augustina. 


[343] poor dc^f" sister Mary. Have you heard that Prince Hohenlohe intends to offer up 
his Mass on the 15th of the month in future for the English and Irish, who are 
desirous of his prayers ? I wish you and Mary would join us in a novena for her 
recovery, to begin on the 7th and end on the 15th, on which day we should unite 
our prayers with those of the pious Prince. 

Remember us most affectionately to each of my dear brothers and Mary. 
I assure you I have the welfare of all of you much at heart, and the most fervent of 
my unworthy prayers are daily poured forth for you. 

You observed that you had not heard what our good uncle had given towards 
the Clayton Green Chapel [in Lancashire]. Rev. S. Day told us he intended to 
give some church ornament ; a chalice, if no one else gave one. 

Adieu, my dear sister, believe me to remain, your truly affectionate sister, 

M. I. M. D.\Y." 

No date. [The Chapel goes back to 1822—4]. 

J. J. Hartsinck to Hartsinck. 

" Sir and Cousin," announcing the death that morning of his dearly-beloved 
mother, Magdalena Chabanel (n), widow of Mr. Cornelis Hartsinck Jz. " She 
died at the age of just si.xty-nine, of a wasting malady, and departed this life 
calmly and peacefully in the Lord." 

Dated : Amsterdam, 29 July, 1823. 


De Bvlaxd to Hartsinck. 

"My very dear Friend," referring to his last letter to his dear Emily (0), and 
the fears there expressed for the health and life of his wife {p ), since deceased on 
the night of the 21st February. Refers to her excellent character — a model of 
conjugal love. With regard to poor Emily, to whom he cannot yet write, he 
commits the task of communicating the cruel event to the prudence of a father, he 
is aware of her attachment to her aunt." 

Dated : The Hague, 24 February, 1824. 

(n) The writer of letter (330) anic : Pedigree, posl (435). Folio 24. 

(o) Hartsinck's daughter, my grandmother. 

(p) His wife, "Susanna Cornelia" was one of Hartsinck's sisters. 



J. J. Haktsin'ck to Haktsinck. 

" Sir and Cousin," announcing the death that morning of his dearly-beloved 
wife, Mrs. Antoinette Cornelia Hasselaer (q). "She died at the age of thirty--'-- 
years, leaving me five children, still too young to realize their irreparable loss." 

Dated : Maarssen, 4 August, 1824. 


A. C. Hartsin'ck to Hartsinck. 

" Sir and Cousin," announcing the death, at about two o'clock on the previous 
night, of her dear husband, Mr. Jan Casper Hartsinck, ex-director of the former 
East Indian Company, etc., at the age of seventy-four years and over nine months. 
" As I was permitted to live for nearly forty-six years with the deceased in the state 
of the most agreeable matrimony, the parting, in my advanced age, falls upon me 
with exceeding bitterness and you will be well able to realize what I, together with 
my children, son-in-law and grandchildren have lost (/-)." 

Dated : Princenhage, near Breda, 18 September, 1824. 

Addressed : Wei Edele Geboren Heer de Heer Hartsinck, London. 


My Grandmother to my Grandf.ather. 
" My dear Friend, 

" Feeling so perfectly happy and contented without you. . . Now I will leave 
quizzing aside, for believe me, dear Day, I am too seriously anxious that we should 
make the best possible preparation for the great undertaking we have in view. 
I have half a mind to tell you, what the Abbe in his wickedness purposes informing 
you of ; why ! I was such a fool, I sobbed for an hour and more, so as to relieve 
my heart a little from the heaviness that oppressed it on the evening of Tuesday. 
I hope you felt some of the gloom we experienced, for tho' the Abbe rallied me, 
he ended by crying too, when he saw how foolish I was. 

Mr. Montardiei has promised to take a letter for me to my future sisters, 
begging them to try and arrange matters so that I may pass four or five days at 

s Anna Catrina Nagel ; Pedigree, post (435), Folio 25, 


[348] Spetisbury (s). I mean, if possible, to leave here in a gig driven by Mr. Hutton, 
early to-morrow week, try and prepare myself for Con. (t) on the Saturday, spend 
Sunday en Retrait, and get Hutton to fetch me back for dinner on the Monday. 
What does my lord say of this plan ? I hope he approves of it. 

We have all prayed for you to-day, and I could hardly refrain from envying 
your superior happiness in going (u) this week. 

I had a very kind letter from Miss Allnutt wishing us much to pay them a 
visit on our road to London. The post has just brought me a long and very kind 
letter from my aunt [Angerstein] replete with affectionate wishes and very, very 
desirous to hear a great deal more about you. She is less alarmed at the shortness 
of our acquaintance, still she recommends caution and prudence. Her son will 
also willingly act as trustee. If all the rest is as satisfactory as this letter we may 
still be happy, I trust. She wishes to know if by their writing to my father it 
would be likely to do any good, as it will show him they are not disposed either to 
blame my choice or to cast me off because I shall marry an untitled and a poor 
man, tho' one who would, I doubt not, do honour to greater means. 

I wrote a long, and on two points, a severe letter to my step-mother, expressing 
my surprise at her opposing a speedy union, when she herself was in such an 
indecent hurry. I do not, however, use these words but say it in gentler terms, 
and I tell her we are neither of us impassioned enough now before marriage to 
dread the sad effects, she so feelingly deplores, of honeymoons : in short, a rub I 
have given her, as well as an exact account of your family, even of every member 
of it, that they may not say I keep back any one circumstance." 

Dated : Weymouth, 23 September [1822]. 

Addressed ; Captn. Day, Post Office, Bath. 


My Grandmother to my Grandfather. 

" What shall I say to my Friend, to my beloved John, that he has done all I 
wished and even more than I could have hoped. God grant you the full reward, 
my dearest Friend, and believe me when I say it, you have given me by your 
conduct heartfelt pleasure and comfort ; but I am sorry Mrs. B. is thus unfortu- 
nately called away, all that can be said is that it is undoubtedly the Will of God and 
'twill give you, my own, more time to prepare for the great, the' awful work you 
have begun. What will my dear Day say when he hears that his Emily has been 

(S) There was a CO 
(( ) "Con." I lake i 
( u ) To confession ( 


[349] doing all to break her neck ? This is however the case, for my favourite being let 
out, I persuaded Hutton to let me mount the fine chestnut mare you once rode, and 
off I galloped to Portland and back again. How long it will seem, my own dear, 
before we meet again — not that I repine but I cannot but feel ; and once your job 
begun we must not, for a time, meet, lest you should be disturbed. I send this in a 
basket to Daddy, with a huge envoy of lobsters and prawns, to try and soften him 
down, thus I make him the cat's-paw to draw chestnuts out of the fire. 

I must also own, as you have told all your friends and Miss Huddleston, that I 
have broken the secret to the de Sommerys, and I trust they will spare me the 
blushes of presenting you as a lover, so pray, if you can, throw yourself in their way 
as soon as possible after reading this letter. The dear Abbe continues pretty well. 
If you see the Englishs, mind you give my kind regards to both, and now adieu, 
my beloved, with every grateful feeling to all your family for their kindness, and 
most sincere and affectionate attachment for you, my own, your devoted friend, etc., 

E. H." 
Dated : began 24, ended 25 September, 1824. 

Addressed : Captn. Day, Bath. 

Endorsed in Capt. Day's writing " 1824, Sept. 23. From Emy. I believe the 
first." [This letter is the second and written after September 23.] 


My Grandmother to my Grandfather. 
" Dearest Day, 

I have just read your dear letter, having refused myself that pleasure till I had 
finished my Sunday duties. As our union must inevitably be put off for a fortnight 
or so later than we first thought, and you cannot do your job till after my return 
home, the Abbe and I are quite of opinion, if you like to come back and be a good 
boy, that we shall be quite delighted to see you next Tuesday, and while I am 
gone to Spetisbury you can be busy with your affair, by coming regularly to mass 
and keeping yourself quite quiet, as we shall not write for those few days of 
absence. I have had a most kind letter from Mr. Barker, which I long to show 
you, as well as one from Boucherett, which I am certain you will approve of — he 
will be the man after your own heart. Leave your affair with Mr. English till our 
return. You might tell Mrs. Langley to send word to Papa if he has either message 
or parcel. She knows of an opportunity of sending without giving your name. 
You will eat your goose with us on Wednesday, which will be the height of luck. 

I and the Abbe are not quite well, come and nurse us both {v). 
Ever tenderly yours, 

E. H." 

Dated : No. 4 St. Thomas's Street, 26 September [1824]. 

Addressed : Captn. Day, No. 2 King Street, Queen Square, Bath. 

( V ) Tbey were married, 8 November, i8x«. 



Of an approaching marriage, the first banns to be published on the following 
Sunday, 5 June, between R. K. van Tuyll van Serooskerken and M. A. van Marselis 
Hartsinck (w). 

Signed : the contracting parties. 
Dated : Amsterdam, 3 June, 1825. 

Addressed : Wei edele Geboie Heer de Heer J. C. Hartsinck. 
Two seals on the cover with coats of arms of the contracting parties. 
Endorsed (in English) " I have written a long letter to my Father . . . 
Myself . . . My . . . Myself." 

My Grandfather to Abbe Valgalier. 

" Mon cher Abbe, 

Je suis bien heureu.x de pouvoir vous annoncer que ma chere Emilie est 
hereusement accouchcr ce Matin sur le onze heur d'un Fils (son) et thanks to the 
Almighty sont tons les deux, likely to do well. I must apologize for introducing 
English in my letter to you, but think it likely that you will understand me better 
in that language than in bad French. Dr. Capel returned at ten this morning, and 
about eleven the child was born. I have no experience in children before they are 
some months old — they tell me this is a fine healthy boy, with every appearance of 
doing well (x) — and the father and mother are both highly delighted with it. 
Yours most truly and sincerely, 

J. D.\Y." 

The Hague, 20 June, 1826. 


J. Van- den- Velden to Hartsinxk. 
" My very dear Friend, 

Since the news which I gave you on my return from Utrecht, about three 
weeks have passed, you can hardly expect other news of him [De Byland] than that 

(10 ) Upon her marriage on i6 June. 1825, she became the Baroness fan Tuyll Tan Serooskerken. As 10 the Van 
Marselis Harlsincks, see Pedieree post (435) Folio 26. There is a letter from her to my grandmother, post (361). 
( t) They were right. My (ather was, with the ejception of one severe illness, always healthy. 


[353] of his decease. Indeed, he expired on 2 February in the afternoon. The sufferings 
of my excellent friend had been much more protracted than they had expected, and 
his very vij^orous constitution yielded but slowly. I am afflicted by the loss of a 
friend whom I have known for these thirty-six years, and it recalls all those which 
have occurred in your family since I entered it. Many useful reflections present 
themselves, etc. 

It was Mr. de B. who, in his capacity of nearest of kin present on the spot, 
made the announcements by print, and who should, in accordance with the usual 
forms, have made it to you in writing, but he begged me to undertake this (which 
withal was very natural), and to ask you to accept his condolences with his 
apologies. Madame is but little affected at the death of her brother, her very 
advanced age having deprived her of feeling. Our late father-in-law named me 
executor conjointly with Messrs. Gevaerts and Gosheir, and it is in this character 
that I have to inform you how De Byland has disposed of the property of his wife. 
[Hartsinck and his daughter, Mrs. Day, both had a share under the will.] 

I beg of you to give Emily my kind regards as well as to her husband, and to 
recommend me to the recollection of your amiable wife. Good-bye then, my dear 
friend. Will you please communicate to Emily, De Byland's dispositions in our 

Dated : The Hague, 5 February, 1828. 

Addressed : J. C. Hartsinck, Esq., Forefield House, Lyncombe, Bath. 


My Grandfather to Hartsinck. 
" My dear Daddy, 

You have another iine healthy grandson awaiting to receive your blessing. 
With kindest love to dear Matty and yourself, believe me, dear grandpapa, yours 
most affectionately, 

J. Day." 
Dated : 13 May, 1828. 4 o'clock a.m. 

Addressed : J. C. Hartsinck, Esq., Foreiield House. 

J. Van den Velden to Hartsinck. 
" My very dear Friend, 

My letter of 28 July, addressed to your children, will have informed you of the 
state of my eldest son, who then already made me dread the issue of his malady. 


[355] Alas ! my fears were not vain, and Providence, always wise in the ways it causes us 
to traverse, has thought proper to subject me to a fresh ordeal. For the last 
months he was decidedly consumptive without ever having had any natural tendency 
to this disease, at the first by some neglected colds. [Refers to the patient's faith, 
deplores communicating this news to the Days]. Emily will be deeply distressed 
as she thought much of dear Charles. Have compassion for me, my dear friend, 
and pray God," etc. 

Dated : Utrecht, 18 August, 1829. 


B. Van den Veldex to Hartsixck. 
" My dear Uncle, 

I have the satisfaction of being able to announce to you the happy deliverance 
of my wife, who was brought to bed yesterday of a daughter. She is as well as I 
could wish and so is the infant. After the blows we have just had, this event is 
twice happy, and I thank Heaven for it. May the mother be promptly restored 
and the child spared ! Since the death of my dear brother Charles, I had much 
wished to have a son who could bear his name. But I shall not love my daughter 
less. The birth of this child makes my father a grandparent for the first time, 
and gives the title of grandmother also for the first time to my mother-in-law, Van 
der Heim. 

I presume Emily is still at Weymouth, where I intend writing to her. I hear 
with pleasure her health is better, and hope she will soon have recovered the 
consequences of her last accident. I foster the hope that some day or other I may 
again see you and my aunt in good health." 

Dated : The Hague, 23 October, 1829. 


Mv Graxduncle Sam to mv Grandfather. 
" My dear Brother, 

Here I am, and resolved to embrace this almost first spare hour since leaving my 
natal shores, in giving you a full account of my life and adventures. It rained the 
whole of the way to town. On Saturday morning, at five o'clock precisely, we were 


[357] gliding smoothly down the river, and soon after struck into a pace of about nine 
miles an hour, the little air there was favourable, and a tolerably smooth sea, w^e 
reached Ostend about nine o'clock p.m. The subject of this memoir was a little 
sick or so, but it was some amusement to him to see others in a like condition. 
[From Ostend to Bruges, Ghent, Brussels.] On Saturday we visited the field of 
Waterloo, and among the different spots pointed out were those where Captn. 
Crawford {y) fell and was interred for a time." 

Dated : Liege, 19 November, 1829. 

Addressed : Captn. Day, No. 16 Church Street, Bathwick, Bath, Angleterre. 

My Granduncle S.\m to my Grandfather. 

" My dear Brother, 

My old friend, Aranza, has offered to forward this letter by the Ambassador's 
bag, which leaves on Friday. Supposing you are an.xious to know how we have 
been getting on, I will continue the history of our peregrinations. [From Liege to 
Aix, Cologne, Frankfort, Metz, Paris.] At Metz, for the first time in my life, I 
drank more than a bottle of wine at dinner (r). The knowledge of the time of our 
return is as yet veiled in the bosom of futurity. Lambert, who begs to be remem- 
bered, has consulted the most famed of the faculty here [Paris]." 

Dated : 16 December, 1829. 


My Granduncle Sam to my Grandfather. 
" My dear Brother, 

We keep a fire that would do credit to our late uncle's library, and which costs 
us about two francs a day. 

Lambert's head rather better than when we came here. The Seine is frozen 
over in many places, hard enough to open a communication with each of its banks 
without the aid of the bridges. I had a negative proof the other day that you were 
all in the land of the living, Aranza having received a letter from his uncle and I 
concluded had any of you died he would have mentioned it." 

Dated : Paris, 5 January, 1830. 

(y) See #os/ (486). 

( I ) Doubtless the light wine of the country. He was a most abstemious man, as I well remember. 


Madame de Spaen to Hartsixck. 

Remarks upon the glorious March, causing her to forget the sad winter, and 
refers to the death of her brother-in-law, who succumbed on the 6th February — a 
species of convulsion saving him suffering. Messages to her sister-in-law, who 
will feel the loss of a dear brother, especially after the reconciliation effected, 
which promised him much happiness. Hopes dear Emily will shortly have entirely 
recovered from her illness ; from the writing and contents of a letter received from 
her, would believe her almost completely delivered from her malady — thanks to her 
for sending the two bottles [of anisette] and only regrets she did not add the price. 
Hopes he has received the vegetable seeds. 

Mortified at being constantly obliged to announce to her brother losses in the 
family : " You are aware that Madame D'Oultremont, our cousin, has for many 
years suffered from a ' tonk ' of the stomach which incessantly increased, and for 
the last four weeks she has had terrible pangs, to which she succumbed on the third 
of this month. This is a loss for de Smeth (a), who was much attached to his 
mother, and as for me, I see with trouble all my relations die, for of our family now 
only remain the widow of Jan Casper, you and I. I never could have believed that 
I should survive all these relatives. I am fortunate in finding, in a younger genera- 
tion, persons who are really attached to me. Poor Madame Bevaerts has suffered 
all the winter. It seems that her lot is suffering, and she fultils it with the greatest 
resignation. It is time, my dear brother, that I should linish, and commend myself 
to your love and that of your dear spouse ; a thousand messages I pray you to 
Emily, her husband, and her children. I kiss you all in imagination." 

Dated : Biljoin, 10 April, 1830. 

Addressed : Mons. Hartsinck, Forefield House, Bath. 

Endorsed in another hand : " The Baron de Smeth de Denner, Chamberlain of 
H.M. the King of the Low Countries at the Hague." 

Baroxess van Serooskerkex to MY Grandmother. 

Encloses genealogical details (i), and refers to the Tuesday of embarkation 
and the strong west wind, which must have been contrary to them [sailing from 
Holland to England]. Her (Mrs. Day's) father will be very pleased to know she is 
in England secure from all peril. Since her departure the state of things has 


[361] hardly changed for the better. The town of Antwerp has greatly suffered. It is 
said that the Orange flag was hoisted there, but the news is not official. Mr. de 
Tuyll presents his respectful regards. The writer begs to be remembered to 
Mr. Day. 

" Votre devouee servante et affectueuse cousine, M. de T. de S., nee Hartsinck " 
(Marie Agnes Hartsinck Baroness Renaud Charles van Tuyll van Serooskerken). 

Dated : Saturday, 30 October, 1830. 

Addressed : Madame, Madame Day, nee Hartsinck, 14 Church Street, 
Bathwick, Bath. 


My Grandfather to his Brothers and Sister. 

" My dear Brothers and Sister, 

Mr. Walker gave it, as his opinion, yesterday morning, that our poor old 
Aunt (c) was then dying, but might continue to breathe for many hours and, in fact, 
his prediction has proved correct, as she breathed her last at about half-past one 
o'clock this morning, without a struggle. Fanny unites in love to Mary and you 
both. She is all well, as she generally is, and begs me to say that if her presence is 
required at home you have only to let her know. The day of interment is not fixed. 
Suppose we shall see one of you in town to-morrow. Believe me, 
Your very affectionate brother, 

J. Day." 

Dated : 30 November, 1830. Henry Street [Bath]. Ten o'clock a.m. 

Addressed : Mr. Day, Englesbatch. 

B. Van den Velden to Hartsinck. 

" My dear Uncle, 

With great satisfaction I announce the happy deliverance of my wife, who has 
just been brought to bed of a son, the object of our prayers. Tell Emily, and that 

(c) Miss Fleming, tee post (485). 


C363] we hope shortly to hear the same of her. My father, I think, will be delighted by 
the birth of his grandson, which is an event for the whole family. His health 
continues pretty good, but he worries himself acutely at the wretched predicament 
of the country while, at the same time, admiring the patriotism and excellent spirit 
prevalent in Holland which, for that matter, does not seem to be recognized in 
England. It is to be hoped that, with God's help, our cause will triumph, and that 
we may be able to preserve the tranquility and advantages we enjoy." 

Dated : The Hague, 3 March, 1831. 


My Grandmother's Testamentary Wishes. 

" My very dearest Day, 

As I feel it not at all unlikely it may please Almighty God to call me soon out 
of this world, I will now state in writing a few wishes which I am sure you will 
comply with : first, pray make a will as soon as possible after reading this, and 
secure to our children three pious Catholic guardians (suppose your two brothers 
and Mr. John English), with an earnest request they will more especially attend to 
their religious and moral education ; secondly, with respect to property, I will make 
no other remark except that I think the eldest should have a superiority, and the 
choice of plate, books, linen, furniture, etc., etc., when of age, and a division is to be 
made between them ; should I leave a third son, he and Henry ought to share alike ; 
if a daughter, in that case I should wish her to have, at least, a sum settled on her 
equal to ^'300. a year and, of course, all my trinkets and lady's nick-nacks, etc., 
belonging to me, with this exception, that I wish your two sisters Mary and Fanny, 
my three aunts, the two Boucheretts (d), and my cousins Newdigate (cJ), Rowley 
and Caroline, each to have some little trifle as a faint mark of my affection and love. 
/ also wish my dear aunt de Spaen (e), Monsr. de Spaen, my kind uncle V. Velden 
and his two girls each to have some little remembrance. 

With respect to my funeral, let it be as simple, plain and cheap as possible. I 
wish eight poor men to be employed as under bearers, each to receive a hat and 5s. ; 
also twelve poor women to follow, each having a good gown, shawl and bonnet, 
also 5s. a-piece. To my dear friend, Stephanie de Sommer}-, you must give some 
little keepsake, and to dear Catherine Trappes two new silk gowns, lilac and purple. 
All the other nice gowns that can be useful to my dear Silk (/) give her. The 

(d) See poit (4S6). 

(e) The words in italics are struck out and the words added " As she is no more I have obliterated her name, 
26 February, 1833." 

(/; Miss Silk was the nurse. 


[364] laces to be kept for my children. The common clothes, linen, etc., may be useful 
to Emilia Longley. To my dear good Silk I leave ;^io., recommending my poor 
dear children to her maternal care, and I trust her to your friendship and care. 
With respect to the poor I now assist, I am sure you will do what you are able and 
think right {g). With respect to masses, please to give £~,- y^rly either to the 
chapel at Bath or elsewhere for fifteen masses. I leave ^10. to Rev. R. Cooper for 
nineteen masses [amongst others money for masses to Rev. A. Valgalier, Rev. T. 
Robinson, Rev. S. Day, Rev. Dr. Coombes, Abbe Boideffie, Downside College, Prior 
Park College, and Convent at Spetisbury]. With respect to my most beloved father, 
I can say nothing. I leave it to your kind heart to offer him and dear Matty anything 
they could wish to have, and all the affectionate attentions you have ever shown 
them and always urged me to show ; teach our children to love and honour them, 
and to pray for their conversion. Tell my father it was my very first and last 
prayer that the Almighty may grant him this Blessing, as well as every other choicest 
blessing to you, my beloved partner, to our dearest children. Accept now, my 
dearest Day, the fervent thanks of your dying wife for the tender affection, support 
and patience you have ever shown me, and if I regret life, it is leaving you, my 
children, and beloved father ; but God's Holy Will be done ! I fear my example 
would have injured them ! ! ! I most humbly implore you and all my relations and 
friends to pardon my many faults and sins in your regard, and by all your pious 
prayers for the repose of the soul of your attached, affectionate and grateful wife, 

Emelie Day." 
Dated : Bath, 15 March, 1831. Read over and altered 26 February, 1833. 



My dear Daddy, 

My Emy is at this moment delivered of a fine boy. 

Yours affectionately, 

J. Day.' 
Dated : [21 April, 1831.] Quarter before two o'clock. 
Addressed : Mr. Hartsinck, Lyncombe. 

(J) A list of names accompanies this document. 



J. Van den Velden to Hartsinck. 

" Last Friday, I found a letter from Suzette, informing me that her aunt, dear 
Cecily, had become paralysed. I left on Saturday and arrived at Biljoen in the 
evening, when I had the satisfaction of finding dear Cecily still amongst the living, 
which I had not flattered myself would be the case after the details Suzette had 
given me. She had all her presence of mind, questioned me about my family, and 
asked me immediately whether I had written to them. I answered that even had 
I had time for it, it would have been impossible, inasmuch as the first day for the 
courier was to-day ; a few minutes later on, the first emotions being over, I 
approached her bed, remarking that I was sorry to find her in a condition which 
seemed to me conducive to her death, and that I wished I could succeed in solacing 
her in her sufferings. I added . 

[At this point the writer changes from French into Dutch]. 

' To suffer and die is hard, but, when we reflect that we are guilty sinners and 
that Jesus Christ, without guilt, underwent unspeakable suffering and an ignominious 
death for our sakes, then His example must serve not only to make us suffer with 
patience, but also to enable us to die in the confident belief that we can only be 
saved through His merits.' Thereupon she answered, ' Yes, I have had many [?] 
letters from my brother, but he has such mystic ideas and he exaggerates so. Our 
clergj'man came twice to see me and prayed for me very nicely, and that has given 
me great pleasure.' Then I said, 'Though you think that your brother exaggerates, 
would you nevertheless not like to go to your death with his faith and conviction ? ' 
' Oh, yes, that I would ! ' said she. I offered to read a few passages from the Bible 
to her ; but meanwhile the doctor arrived. Her remembering your letters, however, 
made me think that she was inwardly occupying herself with her eternal welfare. 
She also ceased complaining, but suffered patiently ; and patience was not one of 
her ordinary qualities. Her speech became gradually incomprehensible, owing to 
the more violent struggle for breath, until at last she gave up the ghost, at eleven 
o'clock on Sunday morning. I was obliged by urgent oittcial duties to go home 
again yesterday, and undertook to prepare you for the news before the regular 
communications should be sent out. I also thought it right not to keep the end 
concealed from you. I shall go back to Biljoen to-morrow and shall attend the 
funeral on Thursday. This will be the fourth and last of your sisters to whom I 
shall have paid this tribute. Cecily's death affects me greatly. I loved her as my 
own, and for thirty-seven years received nothing but cordial friendship at her hands. 
You, too, my good friend, will suffer by this loss ; and I share your sorrow. Her 
husband is sorely distressed. I hope that it may bring him to a constant recollection 
of the hour of death that is approaching for all of us. 


[366] I will write to Emily at a later opportunity. You will meantime inform her of 

this news in the manner most advisable. Adieu, my friend. Remember me to 
your wife, and believe me, with true affection." 

Dated : Utrecht, 28 June, 1831. 

Addressed : J. C. Hartsinck, Esqre., Forefield House, Lyncombe, Bath, 

De Spaen to Hartsinck. 
" Sir and dear Brother, 

You will have already been informed by Mr. Van den Velden of the sad loss 
which you and I as well as all the relations and friends of my dear and worthy 
spouse, have just e.xperienced. On Sunday, the 26th, about eleven o'clock she, who 
for twenty seven and a half years was the happiness of my existence, ceased to be. 
My dear and worthy spouse died fully conscious and completely resigned to the 
Will of God. Up to the last moment she knew us all and displayed no fear 
whatever of the death she felt approaching. Her whole life has been a succession 
of good works, etc. Mr. and Mrs. Day, who have had the opportunity of knowing 
and appreciating their worthy aunt, will be profoundly afflicted ; my wife enter- 
tained a sincere friendship for them. Will you please say many kind things to them 
on my behalf ? I am, your devoted servant and brother, 

De Spaen." 

Dated : Biljoen, 30 June, 1831. 

My Grandfather to Hartsinck. 
" My dear Daddy, 

We have lost our little baby. He breathed his last at eight o'clock this 
morning. I remain, your affectionate son, 

John Day." 

Dated : Monday morning [19 September, 1831], nine o'clock. 
Addressed : J. C. Hartsinck, Esq., Forefield House. 



B. Van den Velden to Hartsinck. 
" My dear Uncle, 

I stand charged by Mr. Lampsins to cause the enclosed to reach you, which is 
to make you acquainted with the loss he has just sustained of his estimable wife (h) 
— a loss doubly painful at his age and with his numerous infirmities. I do not 
know whether you knew Madame Lampsins (wife by a first marriage of Mr. Gael), 
but Emily who, while at the Hague, frequently saw her, will tell you she was very 
devout and beloved of all. 

It is a long while, my dear Uncle, since I have heard of you and my Aunt, as 
well as of the Day family. 

Our unfortunate political position has necessitated great reforms and demands 
much economy ; I can, therefore, only complain of circumstances which drive me 
at thirty-one years of age to a retirement which I have reason to hope will not 
be long. 

After the vexation of the losses my father has experienced, the promotion of 
my younger brother to the rank of officer in the Artillery has given him very great 
pleasure. You will be astonished, my dear Uncle, in again seeing your fellow- 
countrymen in the circumstances of the present. All the young men unmarried are 
soldiers, and the fathers of families do garrison duties. The spirit is excellent, and 
all are very far from being ready to yield to the Conference of London as long as it 
does not propose more equitable conditions. Let us hope that with God's help we 
shall very soon emerge from the crisis in which we have been since more than 
sixteen months." 

Dated : The Hague, 20 January, 1832. 

Enclosed is a notice of the death, at the age of eighty years and eleven months, 
after a most happy marriage of nearly twenty-three years, of Dame Anna Martina 
van Kretschmar, wife of Baron Lampsins. "The excellent character and eminent 
qualities of the deceased cause me to mourn her loss doubly at my greatly 
advanced age." 

Signed : " Lampsins." 

Dated : The Hague, 14 January, 1832. 

" Please communicate to Mr. and Mrs. Day." 


B. Van den Velden io Hartsinck. 

Announces the birth of a daughter. 

" I received news of my father not later than yesterday, and he writes me that 
in spite of the cholera, which has made pretty considerable ravages at Utrecht, all 
the family is well. I have also just received a letter from my uncle de Spaen, 
whose health is very good to all appearances. To judge by Emily's last letter, 
your health is good as well as my aunt's. You have up to the present been spared 
at Bath the terrible malady which carried off so many victims in England. Here 
cholera prevails very generally, in the towns at least, but the number of patients 
is not very great and the deaths are nearly in the same proportion as everj^-here 
else. But from this must always be excepted Scheveningen, where the population 
is almost decimated. The sanitary measures prescribed by the municipalities have 
given much satisfaction, while the gifts in favour of the lower classes, who have 
almost exclusively been attacked, have exceeded expectation. Beneficence is still 
a national virtue with us. 

With respect to our political situation, it has hardly altered at all, and the 
horizon has scarcely brightened. I do not believe the Government will readily 
yield and there is a strong disposition to repel any aggression. Arming constantly 
continues — unmarried men under the age of thirty-five are for the most part under 
arms. Fathers of families and many old folk do garrison service in the towns. 
But there are very nearly two years during which this has lasted and one does not 
foresee any end very close. 

I presume Mr. and Madame Day have returned from their excursions." 

Dated : The Hague, 28 September, 1832. 

Mrs. Hartsinck to my Grandmother. 
" My dearest Emilie, 

Your dear father had gone to sleep in my absence and remained very sleepy. 
When he found he must dine in bed he was sorry for it. He has taken his bit of 
partridge with pleasure and is now dozing. 

1 have seen in the newspaper that there is something to be done about railway 
shares on the 20th, the last moment. We know nothing about it ; pray dearest 


("■371] Day to enquire to-morrow at Mant and Bruce's (i) if anything is necessary. I hope 
not, for it is so painful to disturb your dear father with business — but you will do a 
real service by asking at the office what is necessary to be done. I sent you some 
grapes. There will be some pears sent to-morrow, and on Thursday evening 
grapes for the poor dear Abbe. 

Yours very truly, 

M. H." 
Dated : Half-past five (; ). 

Addressed : Mrs. Day, 3 Henry Street [by hand]. 


Mrs. Hartsinck to my Grandmother. 

" My dearest Emelie, 

In consequence of the opium I was obliged to give at three this morning, your 
dear father has been asleep on the sofa almost all day. But I found he was stronger 
than yesterday, when we were dressing him. Mr. Hay seems to be most con- 
siderate and circumspect, to act with every possible judgment and desire to avoid 
distressing him by remedies. 

Yours, dearest child, 

M. H." 

Not dated. 

Addressed : Mrs. Day [by hand]. 


SuzETTE Van den Velden to MY Grandmother. 
" My very dear Emily, 

As an opportunity presents itself of sending you a letter, I hasten to avail 
myself of it, in order to entrust you with a commission which I should like, as far 


[373] "^^ "^''y ^^ possible, carried out. I attach to this a pattern of the dress you made 
me a present of the last time that you visited us here, and having nothing left and 
being so desirous of altering it, I would, dear Emily, that with this view, you would 
have the kindness to ascertain in Bath whether there is any possibility there of still 
finding some of the same material to make another bodice for it and sleeves. If you 
can succeed, I would wish to have, on my account it is understood, four Flemish 
ells of it ; this would be doing me a great pleasure, for I attach too much value to 
the presents you make me, to be content to leave there the dress without being able 
to make use of it myself, for a material so plain and of such a pretty colour, remains 
always in fashion — it is already a long time, three years this summer that you sent 
it to me, so that I fear this will not be successful. Knowing your readiness to 
oblige, I have had the less scruple, etc. 

It is a long time, my dear Emily, since we heard of you and yours. Papa 
frequently converses with us about the pleasant sojourn he made in England with 
Dick in the year 187S, very soon fifteen years ago ; time passes quickly — what 
events have not occurred since then in our family as well as in our country, which 
has suffered much. May God find a speedy remedy. I spent a short while ago a 
fortnight at the Hague with Dick and Herbertine, to see my little god-daughter 
named after my dear aunt de Spaen, she is the most thriving of Dick's three 
children. I wish I had the opportunity of showing you the children and, above 
all, the little Cecily. Come quickly to see us, but you will answer me ' No ' ; 
I know it beforehand. I trust that we shall succeed in getting from Biljoen a 
packet of seeds of Caroties Oranges, which your father is so fond of, for planting 
in his garden ; often have we addressed ourselves to the uncle de Spaen, but he 
forgets it. This spring we must go to Biljoen. 

Mr. and Madame de Keyll live at the other end of the town, thus we do not 
often see them — the quarter is horrible, but their house is delightful and they 
have a large garden, which they have occupied themselves in arranging like the 
promenades round the town, which have replaced the ramparts. You would no 
longer recognise Utrecht, so much is the town improved. 

The marriage of Cebine (k) will take place next month. The kind Annette, 
who is of the same age, will lose greatly by it and for Papa it will be very melan- 
choly, but we could not expect to keep her for ever. It is time that I should end 
my babble and my scrawl. Will you, my dear cousin, please remember me, as 
well as all of us, to Mr. Day and kiss your children, and say a thousand kind things 
to my uncle Hartsinck. Your devoted and affectionate cousin, 

SuzETTE Van den Velden." 

Dated : Utrecht, 6 March, 1833. 

Addressed : Madame Day, nee Hartsinck, Bath, England. 

(») Mademoiselle cebine Berchings. 




B. Van den Velden to my Grandmother. 
" My dear Emily, 

Having met with an opportmiity of sending you the rather voluminous papers 
such as these here, I profit by it to add a few lines thereto. I think my father will 
already have conversed with you about what concerns the succession of our aunt 
and, consequently, I shall spare you any further details. After much coming and 
going, many conferences and writings without end, the account, of which you will 
find a copy annexed, has been struck and signed. The result is that, on entering 
into possession, you will have to pay fl. 12,126. 80s., which is certainly not a trifle — 
but, on the other hand, it is not for nothing, since for the last two and half years we 
have had 120,000 men under arms. You will observe that the duties are higher for 
you than for us three. That is accounted for by the reason that your father still 
lives, and if it were him and not you whom our aunt had made heir, only the sum 
which we shall be bound to satisfy, could have been exacted. 

Stock and public funds form so precarious a possession that between this time 
and the entering into possession our inheritance may have lost considerably in 
value. My father's health keeps up very well, but the approaching marriage of 
Mademoiselle Berchings [Cebine] with Mr. (?) Hilolopen will be a rather severe 
trial for him. For four years this agreeable young person has lived with the family, 
and we regard her as a sister. I wish much that you could decide on making a 
little trip in Holland, for look ! it is a long time since you have been here. Mr. 
Lampsins desires me to say many (kind) things. His health is faltering. My 
mother-in-law van der Heim gives us uneasiness of a rather serious character. 
For some time she has been rather seriously indisposed. 

I shall not broach politics, the subject is too sad. In general the spirit 
continues excellent in spite of all attempts to corrupt it, — the army and na\y very 
well disposed, and if our friends or our enemies crown their work of iniquity by a 
renewed attack, the defence will be vigorous. I learn with pleasure that every 
honest heart in England is favourable to our cause. For some time a great deal of 
leave has been given which has enlivened the Hague a little — but the presence of 
the Corps Diplomatique now causes a certain restraint and a stiffness prejudicial to 
society. May God at last bring peace and give the nation rest, it certainly is 
innocent enough of the revolution in Belgium." 

Dated ; The Hague, 12 March, 1833. 


B. Van den Velden to my Grandmother 

" You will see by the last letter that I had counted on sending your papers 
with the Government dispatches through the aid of Mr. De Del, whose departure 


[375] was postponed. I was doubly deceived when I learnt that difficulties were made 
at the Foreign Office about taking charge of my packet which, in truth, is very 
bulk-y. I then concerned myself with seeking another opportunity when your note 
arrived, and a ball given yesterday in the evening at the Swedish Ministry, where 
Mr. Jerningham was, put me in the way of asking him if he would undertake to see 
that your papers reached you — which he readily promised me. I intend going and 
taking them to him in an hour, trusting that he will not be dismayed by their bulk. 

You are quite right, my dear cousin, to be anxious that affairs in connection 
with the succession to our good aunt should be at last determined. My father and 
I have not omitted to hurry on their conclusion, but sometimes unsuccessfully. 
There remain but one or two deeds to admit." 

Dated : i6 March, 1833. 

Captain Day to Hartsinck. 
" My dear Daddy, 

I have great happiness in informing you that my dear Emilie is this morning 
confined and has a fine boy. Love to Matty. Adieu. 

J. Day." 

Dated : Quarter before nine, Saturday morning [6 April, 1833]. 

My Grandmother to my Grandfather. 
" My dearest Day, 

I am still writing from my bed, but am much better, owing to perfect 
star\'ation. Mr. Hay, who has just been, says the less nourishment and the less 
excitement the better chance I have. You know pain is what I can bear far better 
than irritation on the nerv-es. Dear Sam has most kindly offered to escort me to 
Malvern ; this proposal was made in consequence of my being so ill and low at 
Englesbatch. Pray do not think of returning to Bath, but tell me if you would like 
Sam to come with us — was it after Easter I should certainly say yes, as he is so 
very active and handy, he would be of infinite use in settling our furniture, etc., but 
I cannot bear taking him out of Bath in Holy Week. The boys are all well, the 


[377] dear baby better with three more large teeth looking quite white. My very kindest 
love to my dear aunt and uncle. My dearest Daddy is better. Adieu, my dearest 
dear, believe me, in health or sickness ever yours most truly and devotedly, 

E. D.w." 
Dated : Bath, 10 March, 1834. 

Addressed : Captn. Day, Devereux House, Gt. Malvern, Worcestershire. 



Of the death, at half-past five on the previous evening, at the age of over eighty 
years, of Maitre Appolonius Jan Cornelis Baron Lampsins, Knight of the Order of 
the Netherlands Lion and of the Hanoverian Guelphic Order, member of the 
Knighthood of Zeeland and Honorary Chamberlain to the King ( I ). 

Signed : J. P. C. Lampsins (Maitre Jan Pieter Cornelis Baron Lampsins) and 
J. Van den Velden (Vice-Admiral Johnkheer Jan Van den Velden), son and son-in- 
law of the deceased. 

Dated : The Hague, 20 June, 1834. 

Addressed : J. C. Hartsinck, Esq., Forefield House, Lyncombe, Bath, England. 

Followed by a postcript (in French), dated The Hague, 24 (or 26) June, 1834, 
from Jonkheer Van den Valden, to " mon cher ami," referring to Lampsins' end, his 
difficulty in speaking during the last fortnight and his extreme deafness. Baron 
Lampsins himself gave instructions for his funeral and for letters to be written to 
the relations, down to the cousins-german. " That is the reason why we did not 
write to Emilie, whom you will be good enough to inform of an event which, I am 
sure," etc. 

Hartsinck to my Grandmother (>»). 
*' My truly and most sincerely beloved child, 

Tho' uncommonly occupied with all the business resulting from our Missionary 
Society's Anniversary," etc., refers to her expressions of regret about things that are 

(I) See/>0!( {435), Folio 26. 

( m ) This and the two letters (3811, (3S2), are not in my possession, but were kindly shown to me by my cousin, Mrs. 
Green, since dead. I give extracts from this letter, as it is the only one I have seen from Mr. H. to his daughter, and 
from the other two because they refer to the same subject matter. 


[379] passed, and hopes that " He, in the Sovereignty of His Grace, may be pleased to 
make it evident that my beloved children and grandchildren are of the number of 
those highly favoured, inconcievably blessed monuments of His distinguished grace 
whom He has loved . . 

There is not an atom of anger in the heart of your sincere, faithful friend and 
affectionate father." 

A postcript by Mrs. H. shows that his daughter's removal from Bath was the 
cause of her father's disappointment, not anger. " As we have reason to believe, 
through the mercy of the Lord, we have been brought to know the only way of 
salvation, how painful it is that his only child is so removed as to benefit in no 
degree by that knowledge and experience the Lord has given your father — and, 
may I add, all the more beaiuse we know it to be inconsistent with your present 
views to seek your knowledge of Divine things in the unmixed oracles of God. As 
a dear minister (Mr. Hill, missionary from India) said last night," etc. 

Dated : Foretield House, 11 November, 1834. 

Addressed : Mrs. Day, Bernards House, Malvern. 

Endorsed : " To be kept for ever, E. Day." 


B. Van den Velden to H.^rtsinck. 

Announces birth of a daughter. 

" My father on the 6th attained his sixty-seventh year. His health, thank 
God, is on the whole good, and his industry and good abilities do not diminish. 
My uncle de Spaen seemed to me to have aged the last time I saw him. His 
isolation is very distressing to him, and since the death of my good aunt he has 
enjoyed his fortune and tine possessions but by half. I learn that Emily has again 
been indisposed. 

We flatter ourselves, or at least, we hope, that Spring will also bring the con- 
clusion of a treaty to put an end to our differences with Belgium, which have 
already lasted four years and a half, and which undermine our public finance. 
With regard to private fortunes, they appear not to suffer. Commerce prospers 
and manufactures also make progress — but it is all possibly very uncertain and very 
little would be needed to put an end to the state of security in which we live." 

Dated : The Hague, 23 February, 1835. 

Addressed : Mons. J. C. Hartsinck, Forefield House, Bath, England. 



Mrs. Angerstein (») to My Grandmother. 
Condoling on death of Mr. H., refers to the pre-eminent piety of the deceased 
and the bright e.xample set by him. Mentions their cordial intercourse after the 
lapse of many years. " One of the last things we talked about was your health, 
which he said was impaired by your visit to Bath and he was quite convinced that 
your removal from thence, which he at one time much regretted, was quite 
necessary to your preservation." 

Dated : Wieting, 27 October, 1835. 


John Angerstein (0) to my Grandfather. 

Condolences on death of Mr. H. " It was a great comfort to have received 
recently from him such demonstrations of kind feeling, showing rancourous 
sentiments were totally vanished as to the part I took at different periods in 
reference to my sister. 

In regard to his not having seen Emily, I feel quite confident that it arose 
from weakness and not from any indisposition towards her in any case. At the 
same time we regret it, as it is calculated to make a painful impression on Emily's 

I am glad to learn that the arrangement of his affairs, so recently executed, 
will exonerate him from any other than fond feelings towards his daughter." 

Dated : Weiting Hall, 27 October, 1835 (/). 


My Grandmother to my Grandfather. 
" Dear Sir, 

As Mrs. Day promised a letter, I commence by saying Mr. Lewis is surprised 
at the improvement, and I will now go up for the state of her own feelings ( q ). 

( n I She was a Miss Lock. The Locks are alluded to in Madame d'Arblay's memoirs. Miss Lock married John 
Angerstein, the writer of the next letter. 

(0 ) John Angerstein was the son of Mrs. Crokatt, by her second marriage with John Julius Angerstein. Hartsinck 
had married Crokatt's daughter ; see unit (272) and post (486). 

(^) As before mentioned, this and the preceding letter, as well as letter (379) are not in my posession. 

( 5) So far the letter is written by Miss Howell, the rest of the letter is written by Mrs. Day, and the writing is that 
of an ioTalid. 


1^383] I am sure a few lines from myself will give my beloved Day more pleasure 

than all others can say. Mr. Lewis finds me free from all fever, and so wonderfully 
better that he thinks I may be in my garden in a month, but he was wonderfully 
shocked on first seeing me. Tell Mr. Hay (r), with my best regards, I take his 
pills regularly, they acted most potently. The Abbe is certainly looking very ill, 
but Mr. L. thinks it was the sight of me, for he was before very well. Cecilius (s) is 
a perfect love, not at all troublesome or noisy. He sends kisses to Papa and dear 
Grandmama, to whom say everything most affectionate, kind and feeling. The 
boys have written to say their holidays begin on the 21st and hope you will come 
and fetch them home. 

Adieu, beloved Day, ever yours, 

E. Day. 

Our garden is quite beautiful. Love to all at Englesbatch." 

Dated : 5 December [1835. Great Malvern.] 

Addressed : Capt. Day, No. 3 Henry Street, Bath. " Please to see it is given 
him directly." 

Endorsed in Capt. Day's writing : " This was the last letter that my beloved 
wrote. It was begun by Miss Howell. J. Day." 

Memorandum by my Grandfather. 
On 3rd December, 1835, Mrs. Day came back to Malvern from Bath : on the 
31st December she became dangerously ill : on the ist January, 1836, the Revd. 
Mr. Rigby came, slept the following night, and gave Communion and Extreme 
Unction ( <). She died on the 12th January, having been perfectly resigned to the 
Holy Will of the Almighty and in a very happy state for the last twelve days. 


My Granduncle Sam to his Sister Fanny. 
" Dear Fanny, 

As we are going to Worcester to-day, we intend taking the box containing the 
things for you and Mary. There is also a parcel for Miss Taylor, who was school- 
mistress to the boys. Poor Emilie said that as Mary never went out and Fanny 

( r) Her doctor in Bath. 

(s) Mj Uncle Edward, to whom on her death bed she desired her writing desk should be given when he should be 
old enough to take care of it. 

(( I When I was a boy I met Mr. Rigby, then an elderly man. He told me that he had, when a young priest, 
attended my grandmother in her last illness, and that at first she refused to make her confession to him on the ground 
that he was too young to act as a confessor. 


[385] did occasionally, she would give more to Fanny, as if she gave a lot to Mary they 
would but incommode her. She has made presents to a great many of her friends. 

The funeral started from here [Great Malvern] a little after eight on Tuesday 
— in one of the coaches were John, the two eldest boys and myself ; in the other 
were Mr. Lewis and Rev. Mr. Rigby, from Worcester. We were joined at the 
entrance to the chapel at Little Malvern by Rev. Mr. Winter and Berrington. The 
interment took place about eleven in the Little Malvern Church. John bears up 
much better than I had expected. The boys will go to school on Monday next ; 
their father takes them. They are delighted with the idea of going to Batch (m) in 
the summer, which their father has almost promised them shall be the case if they 
behave well." 

Dated : Great Malvern, 21 January, 1836. 

Addressed : Thomas Day, Esq., Englesbatch, near Bath. 


Refers to the last moments of their dear Amelia [Emily]. Condoles with him, 
recalls the acts of charity of deceased even amid her sufferings, speaks of her being 
mourned by the poor. 

The writer has been as yet unable to visit his mother-in-law, but her children 
have been and found her with the gout but looking well. Mentions " un bon 
Abbe " (i;). The loss of his adopted daughter is a great affliction for the respectable 
old man, but Captain Day's care and attention are a great consolation for him, and 
he has spoken of them to the writer with great gratitude. She assures Captain Day 
that the friends of Emily are his at Bath, and prays God to support him in his 

Dated : Bath, 11 February [1836]. 

Abbe Valgalier's Testamentary Wishes. 

Endorsed : For Captain Day after my death. 

" Being upon the point of arriving at my last hour from day to day owing to my 
great age and my constant infirmities, I declare with exact veracity that I possess 

(«) Englesbatch. 
(V) \bbt Valgalier. 


[387] nothing in this world since the fatal revolution of France, having lost all since that 
time, whether goods I had in France, in Martinique, or at St. Lucy : during forty- 
seven years I have been wandering upon the face of this globe, and since thirty 
years I have existed in the house and upon the kindness of Madame Hartsinck, of 
her daughter, and of the good Captain Day, who kindly gave me all their care and 
attention, so that I have but my old clothes, old linen, and indeed little provision 
for existence but by the goodness of some pious souls who have given me them, 
and I beg my friend, Capt. Day, to make distribution of them amongst such poor as 
he may think fit to give them to. I have, for twenty-six years, had the use of a 
silver watch which was given me by Madame Hartsinck without informing me of 
her intention, but I consider myself under the duty and obligation of leaving it to 
the eldest son of Capt. Day, the grandson of the said Madame Hartsinck ( w ). 
Generally, all that is in the room I occupy does not belong to me, so that no one in 
the world has aught to look for, or claim upon the furniture or books to be found 

I pray my good friend, Capt. Day, to cause me to be interred where he may 
judge proper, and to do it as simply as possible. I shall preserve for him and his 
family the greatest friendship, a lively gratitude, and a precious remembrance of all 
his goodnesses, which will endure to the centuries of eternity, in never ceasing to 
pray for him and his children. 

Valg.^lier, Priest. 

I have enclosed here a portion of that which I had written for Emily. These 
reflections might possibly not displease you and occasionally be useful to you. We 
have all of us need to often place before our eyes the great truths of our holy 
religion in order to revive our piety and fervour. 

•f« May God give his holy benediction to all. Amen. I have requested my 
dear friend Day, after my death, to write to my brother to announce this last news. 
Here is his address : 

Mons. Monsieur J. Valgalier, 

No. 21 allee des Capucines, 

at Marseilles." 

Dated : 18 March, 1836. 

The enclosure above referred to : — 

Endorsed : To my dear Emily, Madame Day. 

To be read after my death. 

An assurance that he constantly prayed for her, etc. A recommendation not 
to leave the care of her (spiritual) health until her last moments — not to abuse the 

( 10 ) This watch is, I beliere, in the possession of my nephew, Fred Day. 


[387] grace and patience of God, and similar exhortations, ending with a request that she 
should pray for the poor dead. 

Enclosing a paper testifying his very lively and sensible gratitude to his dear 
friend. Captain Day, for all his goodness, and invoking the Divine blessing 
abundantly upon him, his wife, and children, for their welfare in this world and, 
above all, in Eternity, a double object for which he will not cease to pray. 

My Grandfather to my Father. 

" My dear Charles ( x ), 

When I made my will in October last (which I left in the hands of Mr. Jno. 
English), I intended to have bequeathed a dozen of the large silver forks and spoons 
and six dessert spoons and forks to each of your brothers. The plate is all left to 
you, as well as the linen, books, pictures, etc. I could, therefore, wish that you 
would present your brothers with the above articles — there are also some tea spoons 
not bearing your mother's crest (a lion) which you might give — you could also give 
them some of the books where there are duplicates. With a wish that you may be 
prudently kind to your brothers, beheve me 

Your affectionate Father, 

John Day. 

To John Charles F. S. Day." 

Dated : Malvern, 23 January, 1837. 


My Grandfather to my Father. 

" My dear Boys, 

I wrote to Walsall only a few days since, and doubt not, my Charles, but you 
have ere this, had the perusal of that letter. I now write to inform you of the 
death of your greataunt Boucherett {y), she breathed her last on the 8th inst., at 
Harefield — both you and my Henry will not fail to think in your prayers of one, 

(x) Captain Day always called his eldest son John by his second christian name ; so also be called bis son William, 

(>' ) Sbe was a sister of my great-grandmother, Hartsinck's first wife, fosi (486). 


[389] who was a kind and sincere friend of your poor dear Mama. You may both wear 
black clothes for six weeks. 

Your brother Edward is in high favour with Lady Newburgh. She and Miss 
Clifford propose going to-morrow to Broomsgrove, thence to Hassap to see Lord 
Newburgh, and thence to Lord Stourton's. Her Ladyship 'does not think she 
shall have time to call at Oscott,' — however, you must not. be surprised at seeing 

I had a letter from Mrs. Hartsinck ( z ), she was expecting a visit from her 
nephew, the one you escorted over the hill. The Abbe talks of removing to Mr. 
Lewis' on Tuesday next. I shall not be able to get away till towards the later end 
of the week. I shall make some little stay at Bath or Englesbatch, and am not 
decided where to winter. Tell me how many boys there are at Mrs. Richmond's (a) 
— however, Edward would be too young, except he were to be always under the 
eye of Mrs. or Miss Richmond, even if it were convenient for them to take him. 
He sends love to both his brothers, as does also Miss Silk ( b ), — and the Abbe 
ses amities. 

P.S. — Lady Newburgh desires her love to you, as also to her godson, Henry." 

[Their brother Edward sends some messages in his own handwriting and 
signed by himself.] 

Dated : Malvern, 12 October, 1837. 

Addressed : Master J. C. Day, Oscott College, near Birmingham. 

Re-addressed : Master H. Day, Walsall. 


My Grandfather to my Father. 

" My dear Charles, 

It gave me much satisfaction to learn from your uncle that you both returned 
so happy to your college and school. I am sorry to inform you that my health has 
been getting worse for these last ten days. I hope that you, and my little Henry, 
will think of your father in your prayers. You will doubtless send this to Henry. 
I shall probably direct the next account of my health to him and he must transmit 
it to you. 

Your little brother is as gay and lively as ever and looks well, but still breathes 
very heavily. 

I hope, my dear children, you will pay particular attention to your religious 
duties and never omit any part of your morning or evening prayers. For, after 

(i) Hartsinck's second wife. 

{ a ) His second son was at the preparatory school, kept by Mrs, Richmond at Walsall ; when I was a youngster at 
Ihe Walsall School, a Miss Richmond presided as head i 
(6) Their old nurse. 


C390] fifty years' experience, I can assure you, the most certain way to obtain happiness, 
even in this world, is by serving Ahnighty God faithfully, and let my experience 
and recommendation have some consideration with you. Give my kindest love to 
my dear Henry, and accept the same, my dear Charles, from your anxious and 
affectionate father, 

John Day. 
P.S. — My little boy begs his kind love to his two dear brothers." 
Dated ; Torquay, 6 February, 1838. 

My Grandfather to his Brothers. 

He reproaches himself for neglect of religious duties and for setting a bad 
example to his "dear brothers" ; lie entreats them to be attentive to their prayers 
and not to be, or appear to be, ashamed of performing their religious duties. 

" If twelve montlis ago anyone had recommended my reading and studying 
the Catechism, I doubt not but I should have felt offended and thought the 
proposal an indignity. Having undertaken to teach it to my little boy, I am 
pleased at its utility as regards myself." 

The last chapter, " The Christian's Daily Exercise," is particularly recom- 
mended by him for frequent reading. 

Dated : Torquay, 17 February, 1838. 

Addressed : Mr. Day, Englesbatch, near Bath. 


Rev. L. Chappuis (c) to my Father. 

"My dear Friend." Speaks of his two little brothers, to whom he wishes 
good health and hopes they study well and play well. He says nothing of the 
future, convinced his correspondent will always hold the first rank. He encloses 

(c) Superior of the Jesuit College at EslaTayer, situate upon the east shore of the Lake of Neuchatel, and twenty-fiTe 
Icilometres from Fribourg, M\ father, on leaving the Bandanelli College at Rome, was taken by his father to this school 
and remained there two years, 1839-1841. His brother Edward traTelled on the Continent with his father and visited 
this school. Their brother William, it would seem, was a pupil at this school in 1841 ; see eitracls from Diaty, pos/isiG). 


139-] certificates asked for. All the Fathers and Confessors greet him cordially. The 
letter ends with the assurance that if he is always what he was while with them 
God will heap blessings upon him. 

Dated : Estavayer, 7 September, 1841. 

Enclosures. — Letters of studies and his morals being requested of us by Mr. 
John Day, we therefore bear witness that he worked with first-class diligence 
during about two years in their College at Estavayer, in the two forms, the 6th and 
5th of the Lower Grammar School, and that his progress was such that great hope 
was formed of him. He was equally distinguished among his school-fellows for 
his morals, piety towards God, and reverence towards his Superiors. 

(Signed) Lud Chappuis, Sup. Conv. S. J. Staviae ad lacum (Staffis-am-See). 

Dated : 7 September, 1841. 

Letters testifying that John Baptist Day, an English youth, was admitted a 
member of the Sodality and was so fervent a sodalist, and won the esteem and love 
of his fellow-sodalists, so that he was found worthy by them of being elected first 
assistant of the Sodality. 

(Signed) C. Goetz, S.J., Prefect of the Sodality. 

Dated : Stavias ad lacum, 7 September, 1841. 

My Grandfather to my Un'cle William. 
" My dear Henry, 

I never forget you in my prayers and shall certainly think of you and pray 
more anxiously for you on the approaching momentous occasion, when the 
assistance of the Divine grace of the Almighty, and your own earnest endeavours 
are so essential to your happiness. Do, my dear boy, recollect yourself well, govern 
yourself and keep your thoughts directed to this grand object of eternal welfare. 
I entreat Charles to treat you with brotherly kindness and friendly advice at this 

In about six weeks I hope the weather may be mild enough for me to 
commence my journey for Germany — the roads over the Alps are not practicable 
with safety before May — sometimes June. Staying six weeks at Kissingen, will 
bring on your holidays by the time I arrive in England. Have still my horses and 
same domestique. 

Believe me, my dear boys. 

Your very affectionate father, 

John Day." 

Dated : Pisa en Tuscani, 5 March, 1842. 


My Grandfather to mv Uncle William. 

Writer's health much the same ; he sends most respectful regards to the Rev. 
Superior, Mr. Wilson, Rev. Mr. Kendall, and Rev. Mr. Davis. Aunt and uncles 
unite in love. 

Dated : Englesbatch, 2 September, 1842. 

Addressed : Mr. Wm. Henry Day, Downside College, near Bath. 


My Grandfather to my Father. 
" My dear Boys, 

If the shoes are not long enough for Charles, you had better not u-ear them, 
my boy, to cramp your feet. Henry's drawing portfolio and pencil case are found. 
As I never heard you speak of drawing I had supposed that you never began to 
learn till I saw the account. And as it amounts, for the two, to sixteen guineas a 
year, I hope you will apply yourselves closely to it and be very attentive to the 
instructions of your master, that so much money be not paid in vain. The same 
remark applies also to your dancing." 

Dated : Englesbatch, 7 September, 1842. 

Addressed : Mr. J. C. Day, Downside College. 


My Grandfather to my Father. 
" My dear Charles, 

Your letter of the 3rd instant gave much pleasure by the information that you 
were both well and getting on very fairly well with your studies. I had also the 
satisfaction yesterday to hear a report equally favourable of you both from the Rev. 
Superior, Mr. Wilson. He came over here from Bath with the Revd. Messrs. 
Cooper and Worsesley, who dined with your uncles. 

I had a letter from Edward, who sends his love to his brothers — Miss 
Richmond added a few lines. 

I shall probably winter in Bath." 

Dated : Englesbatch, 7 October, 1842. 

Addressed : Mr. Charles Day, Downside College, near Bath. 



My Grandfather to my Father and Uncle. 
" My dear Boys, 

Your uncle is packing a basket of apples and pears for you — remember to 
thank them for the fruit. It would be well received, most likely, if you offered a 
few apples to your Revd. Superior ; for this purpose your u[ncle] has put 
half-a-dozen in paper by themselves — it might also be well to think of your 
Masters. You must take care of the basket, as it may serve for another occasion. 
Such apples as may be bruised in carriage eat first — also such as are already began 
by the black-birds, which are generally the ripest or best flavoured." 

Dated : Englesbatch, 8 October, 1842. 

Addressed : Messrs. Day, Downside College. 


Mv Grandf.\thf.r to my Uncle William. 
" My dear Henry, 

Your letters came in due course — the one to your uncle, thanking for the fruit, 
I handed to him. He expressed himself much pleased with it and desired me to 
thank you for him. 

As regards my own health, it has been rather improving ; and such is the 
opinion of my doctor." 

Dated : 24 Queen Square, Bath, 18 October, 1842. 

Addressed : Mr. William Henry Day, Downside College, near Bath. 


My Grandf.\ther to my Father. 
" My dear Charles, 

With your letter of the 25th instant I had the satisfaction to notice a great 
improvement in your writing. Should the weather become mild and fine I should 
like to go for a few days to Englesbatch before shutting myself up for the winter." 

Dated : 24 Queen Square, Bath, 31 October, 1842. 

Addressed : Mr. J. C. Day, Downside College, near Bath. 


My Grandfather to my Uncle William. 
" My dear Henry, 

Your letter is very well written, but you did not pay particular attention in 
writing the direction, or read it afterwards : as you have written 'Queen Quarge,' 
which shows a want of thought — and in a direction you ought always to be clear. 
To-day is fine and dry, but too cold for me to venture out." 

Dated : 24 Queen Square, Bath, 17 November, 1842. 

Addressed : Mr. Wm. Henry Day, Downside College, near Bath. 

My Granduncle Sam to my Uncle William. 
" Dear Henry, 

My having been on a visit to your aunts at Spetisbury last week will account 
for my not thanking you before for the couple of guinea fowls, with which your 
uncle Tom is much pleased and is obliged to you for them." 

Dated : Englesbatch, 21 November, 1842. 

Addressed : Mr. W. H. Day, Downside College, near Bath. 


My Granduncle Sam to my Uncle William. 
" Dear Henry, 

Your uncle Tom is very much obliged for your unexpected present of a pair of 
turkeys, but he says, as he now is abundantly supplied with poultry, you must be 
sure and not send any more. They and the guinea fowls are now ranging at large 
in the lower yard. I am to be sure and tell you from uncle Tom that you must be 
sure and keep your good name." (d) 

Dated : Englesbatch, 26 November, 1842. 



My Grandaunt to my Father and Uncle. 

" My dear Nephews, 

I must scribble a few lines to express how much pleased I was to hear so 
satisfactory account of you from our dear brother Sam, etc. 

Your very affectionate aunt, 

M. I. M. Day." 

[Enclosed is a letter to my uncle Henry from his aunt Susan.] 

She is much gratified by the account " Uncle Sam " has given of him and 
Charles. She hopes that all future intelligence of both will be equally and even 
still more pleasing, and when they have the comfort of seeing their dear Papa they 
will show him every mark of affection and respect, his weak constitution requires 
great gentleness from all around him. 

Dated : Spetisbury House, 26 November, 1842. 

Addressed : Master C. Day, Downside College, near Bath. 

My Grandfather to my Father. 

" Your account, my dear boy, of your examination was not only highly satis- 
factory but extremely pleasing to me. I should like to have known the names of 
the first and third candidates, as you represent all three as pretty close upon each 
other. If either of you should be in want of cash to make any little purchases 
before Christmas or to settle any little account, let me know, and I will send you. 
The poultry you sent to Englesbatch were acceptable, as being more congenial to 
our tastes than ferrets or dogs : but they desire no more, what they have being a 
sufficiency— your uncle told me he had written to thank you." 

Dated : 24 Queen Square, Bath, 29 November, 1842. 

Addressed : John Charles Day, Esq., Downside College, near Bath. 


My Grandfather to my Uncle William. 
" My dear Henry, 

It has occurred to me that perhaps you had purchased the turkeys and other 
fowls, which you sent to Englesbatch, and possibly on credit — if so, let me know, 
and I will send you the means to satisfy the charge, as I should not like you to be 
in debt. I congratulate Charles on his appointment to some distinguished office, 
and hope that the failure of his election to King {e) was not a subject of vexation 
to him. His uncle says his office will probably entail a few pounds' expense — tell 
him that I shall readily supply him with the means to do what is reasonable and 
customary. I hope the duties of his office will admit of spending a few days with 
me before the close of the vacation. 

The London paper this morning announced the death of the widow of Major- 
General Robt. Craufurd, who was killed at the storming of Ciudad Rodrigo, in 
Spain, in 1811. His mother was sister of j'our grandfather Crokatt {/). He had a 
nephew, the eldest son of his brother, Sir James Craufurd, killed at Waterloo, in 
the Guards. These are little anecdotes you may feel an interest in at some future 
period of your lives. 

P.S. — I have received Charles' letter : and approve very much of his reasons 
for accepting a secondary office, although he had failed in being elected to the first. 

When you write you might say something about the Langtons, as I might 
possibly see their father or mother." 

Dated : 24 Queen Square, Bath, 2 December [1842]. 

Addressed : Mr. Wm. Henry Day, Downside College, near Bath. 


My Granduncle Sam to my Father and Uncle. 

" My dear Nephews, 

We are all very pleased with the favourable accounts you have sent. I saw 
your Daddy on Thursday and it appeared to cheer him up. I presume, wind and 
weather permitting, I shall have to pay the Court a visit at Christmas, to see one of 
my relations among His Majesty's Ministers. May I be allowed to present him my 
congratulations ?" 

Dated ; Englesbatch, 3 December, 1842. 

Addressed : Messrs. Day, Downside College, near Bath. 

? Court and its revels. 



My Grandfather to my Father. 
" My dear Charles, 

I hope you all got safe to Downside, Wednesday evening, without taking 

Dated : 24 Queen Square, 17 December, 1842. 

Addressed : Mr. Day, Downside College, near Bath. 


My Uncle Edward to my Father and Uncle William. 

" My dear Johne and Bille ( h ), 

I hope you are quite well. I arrived Monday evening quite safe. Papa is 
much pleased with both of you, so am I. I saw at Glo'ster, cousin Sam, priest. 
Edward King (t ) did not come home with me [from Walsall] this time. I shall go 
to Downside to see you act." 

Dated : 24 Queen Square, 21 December, 1842. 

Addressed : John Charles Day, Esq., Downside College, near Bath. 


My Grandfather to my Uncle. 
*' My dear Henry, 

I shall be happy to see you on Tuesday, as soon as you can come. Edward 
readily came into your proposal of delaying his visit to Downside till later in the 
vacation, when you say, ' it will be more convenient to give him a bed, and he will 
still have an opportunity of seeing the play.' As there would be some risk in 
sending your watches by the cart of their being rebroken, and as you are coming 
so soon, I am not thinking of venturing them to-morrow." 

[Edward adds a letter in his own writing.] 

Dated : 34 Queen Square, Bath, 23 December, 1842. 

Addressed : Wm. Henry Day, Esq., Downside College, near Bath. 

(f ) The Diary 3hows that on that day his two sons, Mr. Kendall, and two other Downsiders dined with hini. 
( h) My uncle Edward addresses his brothers by their 6rst Christian name. 
( i ) My sister Emily married Louis King. 


My Grandfather to my Father and Uncle William. 

'■ Edward had his tonsil cut out yesterday morning ; and Mr. George said that 
he behaved extremely well under the operation. 

Sir Robt. Hartley, K.C.B., late of the 49th Regt., deceased, was my junior in 
the said 49th Regt." 

[In a letter added by Edward, there is also a reference to the tonsil. With 
this letter are two small religious pictures, as " little presents " to his brothers.] 

Dated : 24 Queen Square, 25 May, 1843. 

Addressed : Mr. Win. Henry Day, Downside College, near Bath. 

My Uncle Edward to my Father and Uncle William. 

" I am very sorry John cannot come [for Whitsuntide], though I had much 
rather see him go up to London (7) in glory than fail in obtaining the object of his 
desire. Revd. Mr. Worsesley (k) came back on Friday, together with Miss Ellison 
and Edward King. I am very glad to hear that you liked those pictures I sent 
you. We can excuse John writing as he is studying so hard for the University." 

Dated : 24 Queen Square, 30 May, 1843. 

Addressed : Mr. Wm. Henry Day, Downside College, near Bath. 


My Grandfather to my Uncle William. 
" My dear Henry, 

Thanks for your letter. You ought to know your shoemaker. Hooper, well 
enough not to expect anything from him till long after the time he promises. Give 
my kindest love to your brother and tell him that I consider his application to his 
studies a sufficient cause for his not writing." 

[In a letter added by Edward, occurs the following : — " I am very sorry to tell 
the bad news that the fox has killed the turkey cock. As you were so anxious to 

<j) Probably for his matriculalion ; he took his B.A. degree at UniTersity of London in 1S45. 

(ft) He was afterwards the senior priest at the fine church of St. John's, Bath. It was mainly through his energy 
in collecting subscriptions that the church was built. 


([412] know how many eggs I have got, so I will tell you. I suppose I have got between 
360 and 380 or 90. 

P.S.— The fox has not been caught."] 

Dated : Englesbatch, 16 June, 1843. 

Addressed : Mr. Wm. Henry Day, Downside College, near Bath. 

[Captain Day died on 3rd September, 1843.] 

J. Van de\ Velden to my Father. 

Addresses his dear Nephew and apologizes for not having sooner acknow- 
ledged the receipt of his letter of the 3rd November, which accompanied the full 
power so long e.xpected, for which he is requested to thank his uncles. He had 
suggested Mr. Nedermeyer van Rounthal as his best representative in the event of 
the decease of his uncle de Spaen, for the best of reasons, his age seventy-seven. 
Thanks him for having given him his brothers' names. Hears, with sorrow, 
of the chest trouble of poor William, and prays for his recovery. With kind 
messages from himself and family, assures his dear Charles or John, as he prefers, 
that he is his very affectionate uncle. 

Dated : Utrecht, 26 November, 1844. 

Addressed : Mr. John C. F. S. Day, Downside College, Somersetshire, England. 

My Mother to my Father. 
" My dearest John, 

After hearing you express a wish to have a note from me, I think I cannot 
have a more favourable opportunity than this, your birthday. 

Pray accept my sincere wishes that you may have many happy, happy returns 
of this day, and sincerely do I hope that we may spend many years of happiness 

I hope you will like the slippers I have worked for you. 

The sweetness of the flowers, my dearest John, is an emblem of the wishes of 
your affectionate and devotedly attached 

Dated : Saturday afternoon, 20 June ( / ). 

Addressed : John Day, Esq., 3 Portland Terrace, Regent's Park. 

( I ) This is written on pretty blue-edged note paper and enclosed in a dainty little eoTelope ; date probably i&iS. 



My Mother to my Father. 

Refers to his having gone to Boulogne for change of air in the hope of curing 
a cold. " Have you forgotten all about New Zealand ? Detestable place ! " 

Dated : 6 Grove Road, 11 June, 1847. 

Addressed : Hotel de Pavilion, Boulogne-sur-Mer. 


My Mother to my Father. 
" My dearest Husband, 

How did you get over your long and tedious journey ? I hope you were 
prudent enough to take an inside place in the coach. If not, I am sure you must 
have got dreadfully wet. The steamer ' Star,' they say, had a most dreadful 
passage. I am so glad you did not go by sea." 

Dated : White Lion Hotel, 22 September, 1847. 

Addressed : c/o E. Scanlan, Esq., 24 Edgware Road, London (w). 


My Grakdun'cle Sam to my F.\ther. 
" Dear John, 

William fancies he should like to go to Downside to study agriculture under 
Professor Pippett. John Smythe is there on that errand and rides hunting, which 
I presume gives William a taste for agriculture ; he talks of going there next spring. 

We have not yet taken a house, although we have talked over some twenty or 
thirty, but we are not in any hurry, lest having taken one we might see another 
afterwards we should like better, but the affair gives some amusement as well as 
exercise (n). 

We have had an auction — sold the sheep and oxen, and things went as well 
as we might expect. We shall probably have another before leaving, and sell 
some of the old furniture." 

Dated : 18 January, 1848. 

(m) He was their friend and doctor ; when I was a very small boy Dr. Scanlan used to call whenever there was 
illness in the house. 

(fi) ETcnlually they took a house in Greenway Lane, on Lyncombe Hill, near Bath, with a delighlful garden, and 
lived happily together for manv years ; it was said that Uncle Sam had lost all his money and depended upon bis 
brother Tom, but there was nothing in their mode of living to suggest this ; Uncle Sam appeared to be pi itnus tnter pares ! 
Both were very kind to children, especially Uncle Tom, to whom I was much attached. 


My Granduxcle Sam to my Father. 

" Dr. Davis' consecration came off in grand style on Friday. Five bishops, 
thirty clergy, forty-two Downside boys in surplices in the Sanctuary. The Prior 
Park boys outside the rails [of the Sanctuary] and the Chapel as full as it would 

There was an abundance of praying, preaching, eating and drinking. The 
account in the Bath paper came under the article on the Theatre. 

John Smythe drove in his tandem for the consecration dressed in tandem style, 
part of which peeped out over his iine surplice and cassock." 

Dated : Englesbatch, 28 February, 1848. 


My Mother to my Father. 
Refers to forwarding " The Times " to him at Galway, knowing that he values 
his paper almost more than anything in the world. 
Dated : 22 September, 1849. 


My Mother to my Father. 
" My dearest Husband, 

I have a great mind to post the ' Times ' without sending one word to you, 
you unkind man. Surely you could have found time yesterday to have sent me one 
line to let me know how you are getting on ! However, I cannot bear you malice, 
provided you are safe and happy I do not mind. 

I offered Scanlan the use of the mare ; I do not think he will avail himself of 
it on account of distance. 

Have you had occasion to use your waterproof clothing ? I was going to say 
I hoped so, for I know with what pleasure my poor dear husband would walk 
through the pelting rain so well protected. 

The children are both well. 

I am anxiously looking forward for post hour to-morrow morning. Adieu, my 
dearest husband." 

Dated : Monday, 24 September [1849]. 


My Mother to my Father. 

Refers to bathing of their children. " You ask my opinion about the mare. 
I should advise you by no means to bring her. I do not say so merely on account 
of the expense, but you know well that such a hot creature here would really be 
unsafe, besides, you could hire a horse here as often as you would require one for 
mere expense of bringing her over. I do hope you will not think of it. 

P.S. — The royal seal that His Excellency affixed to his letter, his royal wife 
admires much." 

Dated : 8 Rue Nationale [Boulogne], 29 August, 1850. 

Addressed : John C. F. S. Day, Esq., 3 Marlborough Hill, London. 


My Mother to my Father. 

Acknowledges receipt of "your dear kind letter," and refers to health of the 
children, bathing, etc. 

" You ask me why I do not prepay my letters. I also wish to know the cause 
of your not doing so. I have scarcely done anything since you left but pay postage 
from early in the morning till late at night. I shall expect you on Sunday at latest." 

Dated : Rue Nationale, Boulogne, 30 August [1850]. 


My Mother to my Father. 
" My dearest Husband, 

Although the agreement between us was, I believe, to write to each other every 
other day, and I am in a great hurry to go with the children to bathe, I cannot do 
so without first scribbling a few lines to my own dear good-for-nothing husband. 
What day may I expect you ? I long for your return. I am going to take you into 
training ; I am succeeding so well with John (0), that I intend to try the experi- 
ment upon you ! First then, I shall forbid any holloing, shouting, or any 
unnecessary disturbances of any kind. Quiet will be the order of the day. What 
do you say to that ? You would be surprised to find how much more comfortably 

(o) Myeldeil brother. 

ty ^«^. 


[423] things would go on with less fuss and confusion. I like to lecture you a little bit in 
a letter, because I am at least sure of being heard. 
Adieu, my dearest husband, 

Your excellent wife. 

Dated : 8 Rue Nationale, 22 September [1850]. 


My Mother to my Father. 

"My dearest Husband, 

I have just returned from bathing and feel worse after it, than ever I did, 
perhaps it may be attributed to my having taken my first swimming lesson of the 
old bathing woman. The sensation and swallowing salt water at first nearly 
strangled me, but I was determined to be courageous and so I was. 

P.S. — Baby has been calling ' Pa ' all the morning ; it is so pretty to see her 
peep her little head into the back room in expectation of finding you." 

Dated : 24 September, 1850. 

My Mother to my F.\ther. 

"I am very much afraid that you intend to gratify your evil p opensity of 
Sunday travelling, and so delay your return until that day ! 

Why on earth are you advertising for an agent ! before the thing is even 
commenced ? — you completely puzzle me." 

Dated : Boulogne, 26 September [1850]. 

My Mother to my Father. 

" Next Friday will be our wedding-day. I hope and trust we ma; ^e together 
on that day — however, not, if it will interfere with your business arrai . ments." 

Dated : 30 September, 1850. 



My Mother to my Father. 

" Am I not a great goose to write to you when you only left me yesterday. 
Many, many happy returns of this day to you, my own dearest husband, and may 
we enjoy many years of happiness together." 

Dated : i January, 1851. 

Addressed : Victoria Hotel, Llanberris, Caernarvon. 

My Mother to my Father. 

" Your dear letter reached me this morning. 

I do not look at the pistol case with the same feelings of security as I did when 
you, my own dear husband, were by my side. The children send you kisses. 
Rose (/>) thinks you are at the seaside, and says you must pick up plenty of shells 
for her and Johnny." 

Dated : 2 January, 1851. 

Addressed : Victoria Hotel, Llanberris, Caernarvon. 


My Mother to my Father. 
" Dearest Husband, 

A hundred thousand kisses for your dear letter of this morning ; it is so kind 
of you to spare a few moments for me, when your time is so much occupied. 

I suppose the quarry subject has been now duly discussed and your mind 
made up as to its value and whether you take it up or not ; your brother, I should 
fancy, is daily becoming more nervous, judging from the state he was in when 
he left (q). 

Now, mind, let nothing I may have said, influence you as regards going to 
Ireland ; indeed, I shall be disappointed now should you be deprived of your wild 
duck shooting, on which you have so long set your heart. All you must promise 
me is, that you will take the greatest care of yourself and write to me every day." 

Refers to Mrs. Andoe, to the children, Dr. Scanlan, etc. 

Dated : 3 January, 1851. 

Addressed : Victoria Hotel, Llanberris, Caernarvon. 

ther lost Dearl]' all the nioney, which he had inherited, by speculating 


My Grandaunt Susan to my Granduncle Sam. 

Adoremus in .Sternum Sanctissimum Sacramentum. 

" Dearest Sam, 

Your letter of yesterday was a great comfort to me as I had been rather anxious 
at your long silence. We are rejoiced to find that you and dear Tom are so well 
as you describe yourselves. The next time you come so near us, you must allow 
yourself some few more hours' time, and come on." Refers to death of a nun, re- 
opening school, building of dome, etc. " I thought you would wish to know we are 
both alive and wish you every blessing, temporal and spiritual, in which Revd. 
Mother, Canon Agar, and all unite. 

Believe me, ever your affectionate sister, 

Ann Austin Day." 

Dated : St. Augustine's Priory, 29 November, 1862. 


My Sister Henrietta to my Granduncle Sam. 
" My dear Uncle Sam, 

I have great pleasure in sending you the cap, which I hope you will like and 
wear every day. 

Many thanks for your last kind letter. I was so glad to hear from Emily King 
that you were better and I do trust that you will continue so. I am sure Uncle 
Tom must be well if you keep better. I suppose you have heard of the death of 
Monsignor Eyre, we all find it a great loss. [Here are given details of illness, deaths 
funeral.] Do you know that we had Mrs. Wake staying with us for a few days ; 
she was on her way to Newhall, where she placed Edith at school. 

Papa is as busy as ever. 

We all unite in best love to you, dear Uncles, and believe me, ever your very 
affectionate niece, 

Henrietta T>\y {r). 

Dated : Green Bank, [Hampstead,] Friday, 27th [January, 1871]. 

Addressed : S. E. Day, Esq., Tivoli, Bath. 

(r) My sister Henrietta died young. Monsignor Eyre was the priest in charge of the chapel at Holly Place, 


My Father to Me. 
" My dearest Sam, 

I ought to have written before this to give you my very best thanks for your 
kind congratulations upon my getting my silk gown (s). I wore it for the first 
time (t) on Thursday, having been sworn in in the morning. I have, as yet, daily 
work in the front row {u) and hope it will continue, but everybody says it is like 
beginning over again, and the risk, therefore, is great : please God, all will however 
turnout if not well in one sense, still certainly for the best. 

I have been obliged to sell ' Patdee ' — he got worse and worse on his forelegs, 
and I felt it necessary to protect my neck by getting rid of him. I think I shall now 
wait awhile before buying another, just to see how the silk wears. I trust you and 
the other boys are now quite well — the weather here has been for the last day or 
two dry and spring-like. I trust you get the advantage of it at Beaumont, now that, 
I suppose, you are having holidays. All at home send you their very best love. 

Believe me, ever your very loving father, 

John C. Day." 

Dated : Green Bank, Hampstead, N.W., 12 February, 1872. 

Addressed : Samuel Day Esqre., Beaumont Lodge, Old Windsor. 

My Father to Me. 
" My dear Sam, 

I was disappointed upon my arrival here [Manchester Assizes] yesterday, to 
find no trace or indication of your half promised visit, but gather from the result of 
this morning's post that the publication of j'our book has shortened your holiday. 

I need hardly say to you that I feel greatly pleased and flattered by your kind 
attention in sending me a copy. I have already looked over it sufficiently to enable 
me unhesitatingly to say that I most highly approve the scheme upon which you 
have worked, and also that it appears to have been very admirably and very effec- 
tively and accurately carried lOut. I wish you, my dear boy, most heartily, all 
success with it, as with everything else you may undertake. 

(s) When a barrister becomes a Kinj's Counsel, or, as it then was, a Queen's Couniel, he exchanges his " stuff " 
gown for one tnade of silk. 

( ( ) My lather always spoke of the late Mr. Justice 1 
after being sworn in was heard before this Judge, who I 
led the way to many subsequent successes. 

( u ) The leaders or "silks" sit in the front row, the 


[433] ' ^^^ Henry at Rhyl from Thursday to yesterday, when he had to return 

to St. Beuno's, and I to come on here. We made very good excursions over 
Pen-maen-Mawr, through Conway, Llanfaisfechan, etc., and to Bettws-y-Coed. 
Henry seemed wondrously active, strong and well. He is quite a mighty man in 
his Theology and Philosophy (v). Work is ludicrously trifling here, and I shall very 
soon have nothing to do here. I gather, from some proposals received for con- 
sideration to-day, that the Courts in London want not to have their even course 
disturbed by the sudden appearance of ' foreign ' judges, so I suppose that I had 
better not interfere at present (w). 

Ever your loving father, 

John C. Day." 
Dated : Manchester, 4 April, 1894. 


My Father to Me. 
" My dearest Sam, 

Many thanks for congratulatory telegram received to-day, which was indeed 
most welcome. 

I have, as it almost seems, added in one day about a decade of years to my life, 
for I have now reached the age spoken of not very hopefully by the Psalmist ! 
Heartiest and very best of wishes to yourself, from your loving father, 

John C. Day." 

Dated ; Judges' Lodgings, Exeter, 20 June, 1896. 

Addressed : S. H. Day, Esq., i Brick Court, Temple, London, E.C. 

( u) My younger brothers Henry and Arthur became priests. 

< w ) Shortly after the judges luoved from Westminster Hall into the present Law Courts it was discovered that 
«here was not sufficient accommodation in the Tast building for all of them to sit at the same time ; when many of them 
were on circuit no difficulty arose, but at other times a judge occasionally bad to take an enforced holiday. I remember 
the opening of the Courts by Queen Victoria ; my father was then a judge and I was in the guard of honour furnished 
by the Inns of Court Volunteer Corps, more commonly known as the Devil's Own, 






JanLucas Pels. , ^Susanna ISToirot () ,\CohnelisValcicexii:i! ' CATH.\RiNAv».HEmijGEN j 

OvMl„d™5JM.„iA-JM/!)|r7ov.rJ«do„!sOrt,b„A-J«'sV) V? G.b.or™J9j\l.;>riA:j(,4« ^ Ov*rl„J™ 17 K.,.,„b'A-J69S J 

\ - . ^ ' I 0v«i-le«<l«iJ8.ill.«il A!.I?o<: 'T' 


' Grtoorra 34- Apnl A J65S . / 
Ovprl^Jeij .May A*J750 

t)i;S.\XNAjAnili\\'\l rul.MHJ 
-^jGi-boorei) 24- July .A: Jo7o.*-r ■ 

y' Ov<Tl«drn J5j»n'A'J70>)C' 

] BdsaknaCoenbliaPels 

*A G.boor.n .J SCT,mk., A;jb97. 

(2^/«,? Qy/{e,n/'€>^ n/ ///<■ ^-^'tA <Ma?ni/y. 



The pedigree of the Hartsixck family, of whicli I give a copy in extenso in this 
section, goes back as far as 1403, and was compiled by T. J. Hartsinck in 1776. 
It will be noticed that details appear at dates subsequent to 1776 ; there is nothing 
to show by whom these have been added to the original work. Although I have 
not altered the original book, I have, for the use of the reader, supplemented the 
copy, wherever I was able to add any information, and such additions are either 
in brackets or foot notes. 

It will be seen from the pedigree that many members of the family have held 
high offices and rendered good service to the State. The preface and the notes 
form an interesting history of this ancient and distinguished family', which I shall 
not attempt to summarize. But of minor incidents mention may be made of the 
Japanese collateral ancestress, the four husbands of Maria Hartsinck, and the five 
wives of Gerrit Hooft. 

Alliances with such families as Barnevelt, Elzevier, Graafland, and Hasselaer^ 
all historic families in different ways, are disclosed. Kenau Hasselaer, of the last- 
mentioned family, the national heroine, fought at the head of her Amazons, and 
prevented the surrender of Haarlem to the Spaniards by offering to cut off her arm 
to feed the burghers. Peter Hasselaer gave up his life for a cousin, who, arrested 
by mistake by the Spaniards, was being led to the scaffold, " If you want Ensign 
Hasselaer, I am the man," he cried. 

From the pedigree I find that a link, in addition to that of friendship, connects 
the Day family with Texeira de Mattos, the able translator of such of these papers 
as are in Dutch. 

There being so many collateral branches I have, for convenience of reference, 
put in large capitals the names of ancestors, from whom Capt. Day's wife, my 
grandmother, was directly descended. 

I have reproduced the armorial bearings of the Hartsinck and other families- 
as given in the pedigree. 

In addition to the pedigree, this section contains various certificates, notices, 
genealogical notes, etc. In a small book (436) and some notes (437) are recorded 
many events in the life of Jan Casper Hartsinck, the Hartsinck of these papers, 
and of his children. Reference is also made to two sets of verses (462) and 
(472), in honour of Hartsinck, one being by the Dutch poet Bilderdyk, and to 
a small book (444), containing entries from 1479 to 1729, but these have not 
been translated. 



Large Book. 

[On the outside is stamped " Hartsinck," and on the inside " Pedigree of 


"The family-coat of Hartsinck bears, in chief, on a field gules, a crescent 
couchant or ; and second, on a field argent, three waves azure. The crest is, on a 
barred helmet, a demi-Iion rampant gules, holding a ragged staff and regardant 

See Smallegange's chart of arms in his Chronicle of Zeeland, in which the afore- 
said coat is noted, although some have erroneously borne a crescent argent and 
three waves argent on a field gules, as may still be seen in different public edifices, 
chapels and churches within Amsterdam, and also at Clausthal on the monument 
or tombstone of Pieter Hartsinck Caroli Filius ; and others again have borne 
the correct arms, with two waves instead of three, as might be seen in the year 1746 
in a certain house at Goes, in Zeeland. Ay, some in ignorance, have written their 
name, Hertzing, such as Pieter Hartsinck in the East Indies, Pieter Hartsinck 
Caroli Filius at Clausthal, and others besides ; but this must be ascribed to 
negligence and the German accent. 

This family seems to have died out early in the main line since Adrian 
Pietersz (a) Hartsinck, Sheriff of Goes, left no sons, but his eldest daughter,^ 
Marijtge (b) Hartsinck, who was married to Hugo Willemsz (c), made her eldest 
son, Willem Hugesz, resume the family name of Hartsinck ; and he, in his turn,, 
has transmitted it to all his posterity. His descendants intermarried early, namely, 
at the commencement of the fifteenth century, with several eminent families, such 
as Valcke, Baersdorp, Dankerts, Vriese, Layerus, and others, which at that 
time took part in the government of the aforesaid province ; and among them are 
also numbered certain founders of ecclesiastical institutions, such as Adriaen 
Hartsinck, founder of St. Roch's Altar at Goes, about the year 1400, and Pieter 
Hartsinck Caroli Filius, who founded a certain charity at Meurs for the educa- 
tion of a few youths in the year 1680, which was still in existence in the year 1746 
and governed by some of the family. 

This family also owns various properties in the Province of Zeeland, such as,, 
among others, certain acreages and privileges at ter Goes, known by the name of 
het grande Land {d), settled in the year 1596 on the eldest heir male and still 

Co) Pietersz = son of Peter. ( b ) Diminutive of Mary. 

(c^ Willemsz is not a surname, but means " son of William." 

(rf) Literally, the going land, the current land. But it means the land free of dike 
always lain high and dry, before the diking began, and therefore contributed neither to the 
npkeep of the dikes. 


£435] belonging to tlie said family, all shown in the documents and old genealogical trees 
vested in my possession among the appendices. 

It appears to me that the family of Hartsinck sided with the Spaniards in the 
Dutch disturbances and, after being driven out of Zeeland by the civil wars, resided 
for a few years in Brabant, before settling, eventually, at the end of the sixteenth 
century in the county of Meurs, when, the greater number of them and, in 
particular, JoRis Hartsinck Caroli Filius having adopted the Protestant con- 
fession, the remainder, including some remnants in Zeeland descended from 
the female line, continued to follow the Roman Catholic religion. 

Some of the members of this family contributed in no small measure to the 
prosperity of the East India Company of these regions («), e.g., Pieter Hartsinck 
Carelsz (/), Carel Hartsinck, Willem Hartsinck, and others. 

Subsequently they settled in Amsterdam and took part in the government 
and filled different posts of honour as will be found stated under their respective 

Anno 1776. 

Compiled by T. J. HARTSINCK." 

(«) The Duloh East India Company. (/) Son of Charles. 


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reserved in his family 
produced at the the 
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pages 285 et seq. 
h Dutch colonies such 
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> poems were published, but 
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of our Colonies, choosing those w 
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Small Book. 

[This book is in two handwritings : that of a person unknown (presumably 
either Cornelis Hartsinck or his wife) and that, probably, of Jan Casper Hartsinck, 
the Hartsinck of these papers. There is an index of persons in the latter hand. 
Only those portions are given which relate to Hartsinck, his parents, and his 
children. The remaining portions refer, in the main, to other children, their 
"confessions of faith "(a) and their frequent inoculations and re-inoculations 
against the smallpox.] 

On 18 April, 1749, Johanna Eva Hartsinck and Cornelis Hartsinck made their 
confession of faith, residing in the Xieuwe Doelestraat. to Dominus (sic) Johannes 
Semmink ; and were registered as witnesses : Jan Casper Hartsinck and S. C. Pels, 
their father and mother. 

On 24 December, 1754, Cornelis Hartsinck, b. 10 January, 1730, was married 
to Sara Maria Volckerts van Kijneveld, b. 5 September, 1735. 

On 13 August, 1755, there issued from the above marriage, at a quarter to 
eleven of the clock, in the evening, a son, who was baptized, on the 15th next, in 
the West Church, by Dominus (sic) de Jonge and named Jan Casper, after his 
paternal grandfather ; and the witnesses were Maitre Jan Casper Hartsinck and 
Anna Maria Volckerts, aunt to the child's mother. 

[Note on the opposite page in the same hand.] N.B. — This child opposite 
suffered severely from smallpox in the month of May until June, Anno 1761, and 
from measles in March, 1763. On 16 February, 1775, he made his confession of 
faith to Dominie Daniel Serrurier. 

[Note continued in the hand presumed to be Hartsinck's.] On 12 November, 
1777, he was promoted to advocate in both branches of law at Utrecht, under the 
rectorate of Prof. P. Luchtmans, by Professor P. Bondan. 

Maitre Jan Casper Hartsinck Consz on 2 February, 1778, became Commissary 
in the Chamber of the Receipt of the (illegible : ? real) looth and 200th penny 
through Burgomaster Maitre Egbert de Vrij Temmink. 

On 22 May, 1779, he became Director of the Colony of the Berbice, in the 
stead of his deceased father, C. Hartsinck. 

On 2 February, 1783, he became Sheriff through Burgomaster Willem 

On 6 February, 1784, he was appointed Commissary in the " desolate boedel- 
kamer." (b) 

On 29 December, 1784, he sailed from Helvoet-sUiis for England, where he 
arrived on the 30th, and reached London the same evening. There, on 9 February-, 

(u) Which may, perhaps, correspond, in the Dutch Reformed Church, with confirmatior. 

(r> Literally, the desolate property— or estate-chamber. It may be translated as the Insolvency Chamber, or Cham- 
ber for Insolvent Estates. In short, the office probably corresponds with what we call a commissioner in bankruptcy. 


1785, he was married, at St. George's Church, Hanover Square, to Anna Peterella 
Crokatt, with whom he left London on 29 March next, and arrived at Helvoet on 
the 30th, and at Amsterdam on 3 April. 

On 25 April, 1785, Mr. Henry Hope came to offer him a partnership in his 
commercial house of Hope & Co. (w), which he accepted on the terms and conditions 
defined by the contract dated 12 May, 1785, and executed in the presence of Notary 
van Homrich and witnesses. He went to the counting-house for the first time on 
17 May, 1785. 

Having shown himself, in the disturbances of 1786 and 1787, a supporter of the 
old constitution and an adherent of the house of Orange, he established, in the 
month of April, 1787, seven clubs under the name of the genuine Patriotic Clubs, 
whence emanated several petitions for the maintenance of the old constitution and 
of the [word illegible]. Then, the patriots having commenced their pillage between 
30 and 31 May, he was obliged, in order to save his life, to absent himself for some 
time. Having repaired to The Hague, and being persecuted there also, he departed, 
after first waiting upon His Serene Highness at Amersfoort and Her Royal 
Highness at Nimweegen (x), over Brabant to England, whence he returned after 
the revolution, in the month of October, 1787. 

In the month of November in the same year, he was offered, in the name of 
His Serene Highness the post of Councillor, to which, having accepted that post 
at the instance of Mr. H. Hope, he was appointed on 30 November, 1787, by His 
Serene Highness's Commissary with the consent of Their High Mightinesses. 

In the following month, to wit, January, 1788, Burgomaster van de Poll and 
Straalman offered to appoint him senior Sheriff for the year 1788 and President 
Sheriff for the year 1789, which request he refused on the score of his occupation 
at the counting-house, whereupon said Burgomasters went, in the name of the 
Corporation, to beg Mr. Hope to persuade him to that effect, which Mr. Hope 
agreeing to do, he accepted the post and was installed on 2 February, 1788, 
consequent upon his election by His Serene Highness. 

On 6 October, 1789, Mr. H. Hope proposed to him to dissolve the contract of 
partnership existing between them, a proposal in all probability proceeding from 
his niece, Mrs. Willem Hope, who had long shown that she bore ill-will (y) towards 
Hartsinck and his wife. 

After a fairly prolonged correspondence, a contract of dissolution was at last 
(according to the existing documents, whence appears all that gave Hartsinck 
the right to speak) accordingly executed, on 16 November, 1789, before Notary- 
van Homrich and witnesses, as the result of which Hartsinck acquired a very- 
considerable fortune. 

tw) The famous house of Amsterdam merchants, founded in the seventeenth century by Henry Hope, brother of Sir 
Thomas Hope of Kerse. and represented, later, in England by Thomas Hope, the author and virtuoso, and Alexander 
James Beresford-Hope, author and politician, of " Batavian grace" fame, founder of the "Saturday Review." My- 
father used to speak of the house as Hopes^ which may be the Dutch, or correct title. 

(r) The Prince and Princess of Orange, Nijmegen. 

(y) The sense is almost certain. A word is nearly illegible, but may be read as "quaed," an archaic (almost too 
archaic) spelling of " kwaad," followed by "hart " ; a bad or evil heart. 


Small Book. 

[This book is in two handwritings : that of a person unknown (presumably 
either Cornelis Hartsinck or his wife) and that, probably, of Jan Casper Hartsinck, 
the Hartsinck of these papers. There is an index of persons in the latter hand. 
Only those portions are given which relate to Hartsinck, his parents, and his 
children. The remaining portions refer, in the main, to other children, their 
"confessions of faith" (a) and their frequent inoculations and re-inoculations 
against the smallpox.] 

On 18 April, 1749, Johanna Eva Hartsinck and Cornelis Hartsinck made their 
confession of faith, residing in the Nieuwe Doelestraat, to Doniinus (sic) Johannes 
Semmink ; and were registered as witnesses : Jan Casper Hartsinck and S. C. Pels, 
their father and mother. 

On 24 December, 1754, Cornelis Hartsinck, b. 10 January, 1730, was married 
to Sara Maria Volckerts van Rijneveld, b. 5 September, 1735. 

On 13 August, 1755, there issued from the above marriage, at a quarter to 
eleven of the clock, in the evening, a son, who was baptized, on the 15th next, in 
the West Church, by Dominus (sic) de Jonge and named Jan Casper, after his 
paternal grandfather ; and the witnesses were Maitre Jan Casper Hartsinck and 
Anna Maria Volckerts, aunt to the child's mother. 

[Note on the opposite page in the same hand.] N.B. — This child opposite 
suffered severely from smallpox in the month of May until June, Anno 1761, and 
from measles in March, 1763. On 16 February, 1775, he made his confession of 
faith to Dominie Daniel Serrurier. 

[Note continued in the hand presumed to be Hartsinck's.] On 12 November, 
1777, he was promoted to advocate in both branches of law at Utrecht, under the 
rectorate of Prof. P. Luchtmans, by Professor P. Bondan. 

Maitre Jan Casper Hartsinck Consz on 2 February, 1778, became Commissary 
in the Chamber of the Receipt of the (illegible : ? real) looth and 200th penny 
through Burgomaster Maitre Egbert de Vrij Temmink. 

On 22 May, 1779, he became Director of the Colony of the Berbice, in the 
stead of his deceased father, C. Hartsinck. 

On 2 February, 1783, he became Sheriff through Burgomaster Willem 

On 6 February, 1784, he was appointed Commissary in the " desolate boedel- 
kamer." (b) 

On 29 December, 1784, he sailed from Helvoet-sluis for England, where he 
arrived on the 30th, and reached London the same evening. There, on 9 February, 

(tt) Which may, perhaps, correspond, in the Dutch Reformed Church, with confirmatior. 

iv) Literally, the desolate property— or estate-chamber. It may be translated as the Insolvency Chamber, or Cham- 
ber for Insolvent Estates. In short, the office probably corresponds with what we call 


[436] 1785, he was married, at St. George's Church, Hanover Square, to Anna Peterella 
Crokatt, with whom he left London on 29 March next, and arrived at Helvoet on 
the 30th, and at Amsterdam on 3 April. 

On 25 April, 1785, Mr. Henry Hope came to offer him a partnership in his 
commercial house of Hope & Co. {w), which he accepted on the terms and conditions 
defined by the contract dated 12 May, 1785, and executed in the presence of Notary 
van Homrich and witnesses. He went to the counting-house for the first time on 
17 May, 1785. 

Having shown himself, in the disturbances of 1786 and 1787, a supporter of the 
old constitution and an adherent of the house of Orange, he established, in the 
month of April, 1787, seven clubs under the name of the genuine Patriotic Clubs, 
whence emanated several petitions for the maintenance of the old constitution and 
of the [word illegible]. Then, the patriots having commenced their pillage between 
30 and 31 May, he was obliged, in order to save his life, to absent himself for some 
time. Having repaired to The Hague, and being persecuted there also, he departed, 
after first waiting upon His Serene Highness at Amersfoort and Her Royal 
Highness at Nimweegen (x), over Brabant to England, whence he returned after 
the revolution, in the month of October, 1787. 

In the month of November in the same year, he was offered, in the name of 
His Serene Highness the post of Councillor, to which, having accepted that post 
at the instance of Mr. H. Hope, he was appointed on 30 November, 1787, by His 
Serene Highness's Commissary with the consent of Their High Mightinesses. 

In the following month, to wit, January, 1788, Burgomaster van de Poll and 
Straalman offered to appoint him senior Sheriff for the year 1788 and President 
Sheriff for the year 1789, which request he refused on the score of his occupation 
at the counting-house, whereupon said Burgomasters went, in the name of the 
Corporation, to beg Mr. Hope to persuade him to that effect, which Mr. Hope 
agreeing to do, he accepted the post and was installed on 2 February, 1788, 
consequent upon his election by His Serene Highness. 

On 6 October, 1789, Mr. H. Hope proposed to him to dissolve the contract of 
partnership existing between them, a proposal in all probability proceeding from 
his niece, Mrs. Willem Hope, who had long shown that she bore ill-will (y) towards 
Hartsinck and his wife. 

After a fairly prolonged correspondence, a contract of dissolution was at last 
(according to the existing documents, whence appears all that gave Hartsinck 
the right to speak) accordingly executed, on 16 November, 1789, before Notary 
van Homrich and witnesses, as the result of which Hartsinck acquired a very- 
considerable fortune. 

(If) The famous house of Amsterdam merchants, founded in the seventeenth century by Henry Hope, brother of Sir 
Thomas Hope of Kerse. and represented, later, in England by Thomas Hope, the author and virtuoso, and Alexander 
James Beresford-Hope, author and poHtician, of " Batavian grace" fame, founder of the "Saturday Review." My- 
father used to speak of the house a.s Hopes, which may be the Dutch, or correct title. 

(x) The Prince and Princess of Orange, Nijmegen. 

(y) The sense is almost certain. A word is nearly illegible, but may be read as "quaed," an archaic (almost loo 
archaic) spelling of "kwaad," followed by "hart " : a bad or evil heart. 


[436] Of this marriage were born : 

On 2 November, 1785, at three minutes to nine in the evening, a son, who was 
baptized on 4 December following, in the small French Church, by Dominie 
Dantum ( ? ), and named Jean Charles, the first name after his father, and the 
second after his mother's father. 

This child was inoculated with smallpox on 9 February, 1786, by Doctor 
Duinan and, on the following Monday, 13 February, very unexpectedly caught the 
measles. On Wednesday, the 22nd, following, he got a [word illegible] oppres- 
sion, which grew worse towards evening and of which, after being, for two and a 
half days, at one moment better and at another worse, he died on Saturday morning, 
25 February, 1786. The smallpox came out as early as Friday, 17 February, and 
was doing perfectly well throughout the course of his illness and even until after 
his death, but, to all appearance, the measles turned inwards and fell upon the chest ; 
at least, the oppression of the chest and the obstruction in the throat from which 
he suffered continually, made Doctor Duinan and all of us believe that it was this 
that caused his death. 

This child was buried on 26 February, 1786, in grave No. 32 in the fourth row 
in the Lady Choir in the Old Church. 

On 20 April, 1788, at ten or twelve minutes past one at night, was born of this 
marriage a daughter, who was baptised on 1 1 May following, in the Great French 
Church, by Dom'' Bouillier, and named Jeanne, after her father and mother. This 
child, on 2 and 3 July, 1788, got a number of red spots which Doctor Duinan, the 
dry-nurse and all of us took to be smallpox, which came out in the same way until 
Sunday, 6 July ; but, instead of suppurating, these spots, which had all become 
pimples, dried up and all disappeared of themselves, which made Doctor Duinan 
think that they were not smallpox, but swine or chicken-pox, wherefore he advised 
us to have this child inoculated at the first opportunity, which, accordingly, we had 
done by Dr. Duinan, on 24 August, 1789, with the fortunate result that she received 
a few pocks, but was completely cured within a short time. 

In the commencement of the year 1791, it was discovered, by reason that this 
child's little belly began to swell a great deal, that she was not properly formed in 
her parts, there being a membrane over the vagina which closed the same 
completely. After speaking about this to the obstetrician de Bree, to Surgeon van 
Hullum, and to Professor Bonn, it was resolved to cut open this membrane, in the 
hope of finding the vagina well placed, and thus putting everything to rights, which 
was accordingly done on 18 April, 1791, with the most fortunate results. 

In the month of May following, this child went, with her parents and sister, to 
England, where she was ill from time to time and, at last, in the month of October, 
got a most violent illness, which snatched her, after much suffering, on 18 July, 
1792, as half-past eight in the morning, in Upper Brook Street, Grosvenor Square, 
from the arms of her sorrowing mother (her father being in Holland on business), 
and she was buried on the (date left open) following in the Church of St. Marylebone. 

When the body was opened, it was found that [entry ends abruptly]. 


£436] Of this marriage was born, at iive minutes to eight in the morning of 5 July, 

1790, a daughter, who was baptised on 18 July following, in the small French 
Church, by Dominie Saml. Chaudepie, and named Emilie (s), after her mother's 

This child was inoculated, on 14 February, 1791, by Doctor Duinan, with the 
smallpox, which she had so severely that she almost became irrecognizable, and also 
retained a swelling in one arm, for which it was necessary to cut her several times. 

On 12 November, 1791, at twenty-eight minutes past six in the morning, there 
was born of this marriage at 28 Baker Street, Portman Square, London, a son who, 
on 5 December following, was baptized at my house by Ds. Jacob, according to the 
order of the Episcopalian Church, in the presence of my father-in-law (a), Mr. 
John Julius Angerstein, as God-father, Miss E. Smith, [word illegible] Parkins, 
my wife and myself, and named John Charles after myself and my wife's father. 

This child who, year by year, gave greater proofs of intelligence, of a very 
sagacious wit and of a very sound and accurate judgment, and who shone forth 
particularly by his love of truth, virtue and religion, was always, from his earliest 
age, subject to continual illnesses. After having had smallpox, measles, whooping- 
cough, etc., he suffered, at intervals, from bilious fevers, nervous fevers, etc., until, 
in the month of January, 1804, he got a trouble in the hip-bone which, it was at 
first feared, would deprive him for ever of the use of his right leg, or at least, make 
the use of it very uncomfortalile. Then, after he had been so far cured by means of 
warm baths, and artiticial [ ? ] Barrege ( b ) water, as to be able, in the month of 
November to walk even without the aid of crutches, a nervous wasting developed 
itself, which, at half-past seven in the evening on the i8th of April, 1805, after the 
greatest sufferings, and after he had been unconscious during nearly the whole of 
the past fortnight, ravished him, at Kensington, from the arms of his sorrowing and 
unhappy parents and sister, to the grief of all who knew this worthy and almost 
incomparable youth. On the 22nd following, at twelve o'clock, he was interred 
beside his sister in the vault of the Church of St. Marie-la-bone, where they are 
both preserved in lead coffins, so that, in case one might think tit, at one time or 
another, to transport them to Holland, they can be handed over to those who 
have been charged for that purpose on behalf of the family. 

On 2 November, 1793, at seven to eight minutes past one in the afternoon, there 
was born of this marriage, at Amsterdam, on the Joode Heeregragt (c), opposite 
the Corvers-hofje, a daughter, who died a few moments after her birth. 

iz) The future Mrs. Day. 

(a) More accurately, perhaps, step-father-in-law : Angerstein (1735-1823) had married, as his first wife, the widow of 
Charles Crockett, Esq. Ttiis, by the way, is the spelling of the Dictionary of National Biography ; but the documeots 
all give Crokatt or Crockatt. 

(6) Sir. Referring probably to the water from the sulphur springs at Bareges-les-Bains in the Pyrenees. 

(c) The Jewish Heerengracht, being the short section of the Heerengracht that lies in the Jewish quarter, east of 
(he Amstel. 




[Probably in the handwriting of Hartsinck]. 

12 November. Advocate in both branches at Utrecht. 

2 February. Commissary of the looth and 200th penny (d). 
22 May. Director of the Colony of the Berbice. 

3 February. Sheriff. 

Commissary of the " desolate boedelkamer " («). 
9 February. Marries Anna Peterella Crokatt, at St. George's 

Church, Hanover Square, London, born 11 September, 1753, at Weatcomby, in 
Somersetshire, in England. 

1795. 12 May. Enters into partnership with the house of Hope (/"). 

Jean Charles Hartsinck, their son, b. 2 November, 1785, obit 25 February, 

1787. Having shown himself, in the disturbances of 1786 and 1787, a sup- 
porter of the old Constitution and an adherent of the House of Orange, he 
established, in the month of April, seven clubs under the name of the genuine 
Patriotic Clubs, whence emanated several petitions for the maintenance of the old 
Constitution. Then, the so-called patriots having commenced their pillage, 
between the 30th and 31st of May, he was obliged, in order to save his life, to 
absent himself for some time and, after waiting upon His Serene Highness the 
Prince of Orange at Amersfoort, and upon Her Royal Highness the Princess of 
Orange at Nimeweegen (g), he left for England, whence he returned immediately 
after receipt of the news of the revolution in the month of October. 

1787. 30 November. " Raad in der Vroodschap" (A) to the Commissaries of 
their High Mightinesses the States of Holland and West Friesland. 

1788. 2 February. Sheriff. 

1789. 2 February. President Sheriff. 

1789. 16 November. Dissolution of partnership with the house of Hope. 

438, 439, 440. 

Genealogical Notes. 
These appear in the Pedigree ante (435). 

S"e note (ti) supra. (/) See note (i') supra. 

cillor; bere, probably, councillor or counsellor. 



In English, probably in the hand of Mrs. Day, nee Hartsinck, for genealogical 
information. These requests have been ticked off, in certain cases, as though 
fulfilled ; see next letter. 


J. C. Hartsinck to J. Van den Velden. 

" Sir and Cousin, 

I have the honour to give you below, in so far as I am able, the particulars for 
which you asked on behalf of cousin Hartsinck, in London, namely " [here are set 
out the names of the children of Jan Casper Hartsinck and Anna Catherine Nagel, 
^iven ante (435) in Folio 25]. £ 

Dated : Amsterdam, 20 October, 1830. 

Addressed : Mr. J. Van den Velden, Utrecht. 


Genealogical Notes 

Enclosed by the Baroness van Tuyll van Serooskerken to my grandmother 
(Mrs. Day, nee Hartsinck) in a letter dated 30 October, 1830, ante (361). These 
notes refer to the children of Pieter Cornelis Hartsinck and Maria Petronella van 
Marselis ; as the information has already been given in Folio 26 of the pedigree 
ante (435), I do not repeat it here. Instead, I give a little story of Jean, Baron de 
Tuyll van Serooskerken : his second wife being, like many Dutch ladies, a great 
lover of porcelain, fell into such a paroxysm of grief when one of her best cups was 
broken during "a small tea-party," that the Baron at length exclaimed in the 
tenderest Dutch, " My love, I cannot bear to see you miserable ; it must not happen 
again," and therewith emptied the tray with the rest of the set into the street. 

His daughter Renira married Capt. J. A. Bentinck ; their son, William, like his 
father, was a sailor, and rose to be an Admiral ; their daughter married Sir R. 
Shore Milnes. Romney painted the mother, son, daughter, and son-in-law. 


Small Book. 

The entries in this book extend from 1479 to 1729. They are in various hands 
and are perhaps not always contemporaneous with the dates. The book appears to 
have belonged, in the first instance, to Benedictus van Rijnander. The earlier 
entries are in old Dutch characters and would be intelligible only to a skilled 
archjEologist. Later (1694-1714), we find references to a sister, Elisabeth Rijnevelt, 
who married Casperus Aukema, one might gather, a Russian merchant : there are 
references to Archangel and Moscow, and to the sending of a portrait of the 
diarist's mother to the latter place. The remainder of the entries are mainly 
financial. But it is quite possible that the sixteenth — and seventeenth — century 
entries might furnish particulars of historical interest, although some of these, again, 
consist only of recipes and remedies. 


Of the baptism, on 22 January, 1730, in the South Church, at Amsterdam, of 
Cornelis, son of Jan Casper Hartsinck, " equipage- meester," (?) of the College of 
Admiralty, at Amsterdam, and of his wife, Susanna Cornelia Pels. 

Witnesses : Pieter Valckenier, ex- Director-general on the coast of Africa. 

Johanna Sara Pels, wife of Jan Bernard Bicker, Secretary of the 
City (;• ). 

Dated : Amsterdam, 24 January, 1730. 

Signed : Daniel de Bary, Sexton of the South Church. 


" Venia ^tatis " (k). 

Granted by the States of Holland and West Friesland to Cornelis Volkers, 
residing within Amsterdam, aged about twenty-three years. 

Dated : The Hague, 27 November, 1732. 

Bears fragments of a seal affixed by a paper strip and contained in a paper 

(I) Literally, crew-master. Probably, director of recruitings or enlistrpenu. (>> Town Clerk (?). 

(*> An indulgence relieving the postulant from the period remaining of his minority and allowing him to manage bis owlk 
affairs on the security of his guardians and ne«l friends. 


Oath and Certificate, 
Of a "poorter" or citizen of Amsterdam, administered and granted to 
Cornelis Hartsinck, son of Jan Casper Hartsinck. 
Dated : Amsterdam, i8 September, 1750. 
Signed : Joan Thierry. 


Similar to (447) granted to Jan Casper Hartsinck Cornelisz (/). son of Cornelis 

Dated : Amsterdam, 22 Februar)', 1775. 
Signed : W. Huydecoper. 


Diploma (in Latin) 

Of the University of Utrecht, conferring the degree of a Doctor of Laws upon 
Jan Caspar C. F. Hartsinck. 

Dated : Utrecht, 13 November, 1777. 

Bears a seal affixed by dark red and pale blue ribbons and contained in a 
metal box. 


From the Court of Law of Holland, entitling Maitre (m) Janus Casparus C. F. 
Hartsinck, upon examination of his diploma, dated 13 November, 1777, to practise 
as an advocate before the said court. 

Dated : The Hague, 27 November, 1777. 

Signed : Adriaan Bodt. 

{/) i.t.j C.oro«Us200Q, son of Coraelius, " Fiizcornelius." 



Of the decease of Cornelis Hartsinck, aged forty-eight years and four months, 
Director of the Levantine Trade and Navigation on the Mediterranean Sea, also- 
Director of the Colony of the Berbice («), after a long and lingering illness. 

[Issued in the name of the widow, but not filled in or signed.] 

Dated : Amsterdam, 7 June, 1778. 

"Venia ^tatis" 

Granted by the States of Holland and West Friesland to Maitre Jan Caspar 
Hartsinck, residing within Amsterdam, aged over twenty-three years. 
Dated : The Hague, 3 September, 1778. 

Bears the seal of Holland, in bad condition, affixed by a paper strip and 
contained in a paper bag. 


For the fees on a license (probably constituting the license itself) for the 
marriage of A. van Rijneveld and Albertus Abraham Verhamme. 
Dated: Amsterdam, 11 January, 1785. 
Signed : The contracting parties and Rendorp (Secretary). 


That the banns of marriage have been published on three Sundays at the Town 
Hall and in church, between Maitre Jan Casper Hartsinck Cornelisz, " Scheepen "" 
(Sheriff) of the city, and Miss Anna Peterella Crokatt, of London, with order for 
the said banns to be published in London and evidence of such publication to be 

Dated: Amsterdam, 11 January, 1785. 

Signed : H.N. Hasselaer (Secretary). 

I 1796, when it was seized by the English and Las since been one of the 



Of the Regents of the Almoners' Orphanage (for in so far as they are 
concerned) to the proofs deHvered by the right noble austere (o) Maitre Jan Casper 
Hartsinck Cornelisz, ex-sheriff (or alderman) of Amsterdam and Miss Anna 
Peterelle Crokatt, such marriage to be celebrated in the place at which the bride 

Dated : Amsterdam, 26 January, 1785. 

Signed : I. I. Talbot, Regent of the Almoners' Orphanage. 



Permitting Maitre Jan Casper Hartsinck Cornz., ex-sheriff of the city, and Miss 
Anne Peterelle Crokatt, of London, to be married in London, the civic banns 
having been duly published. 

Dated : Amsterdam, 30 January, 1785. 

Signed : Rendorp (Secretary). 


To the same effect as last, the church banns having been duly published. 
Dated : Amsterdam, 30 January, 1785. 
Signed : \V. A. Dobbrentz. 


Of the marriage of Jan Casper Hartsinck and Anna Peterella Crokatt at 
St. George's, Hanover Square, in presence of John Julius Angerstein, etc. 

Dated : 9 February, 1785. 

( tf ) " Weledelgestreng." " Weledel "or " Weledelgeboren," i.e., right noble or right nobly bom, corresponds to the 
English "esquire." Judges, advocates, and officers in the army and navy enjoy the additional prefix of " gesueng," i.e.. 




In the "Gazetteer and New Daily Advertiser" of lo February, 1785, 
" Yesterday was married at St. George's, Hanover Square, Mons. Hartsinck, of 
Amsterdam, to Miss Crokatt, of Upper Brook Street." 


Jean Charles, enfant de Mr. and Mrs. Jean Casper Hartsinck, born 2 November, 
1785, and baptised in I'Eglise Walonne d'Amsterdam. 

Dated : 5 December, 1785. 



Of the death of Andries Hartsinck, Vice-Admiral of Holland and West 
Friesland, belonging to the Admiralty College of Amsterdam, at half-past eleven on 
the previous night, after a long illness and decline, at the age of sixty-eight years 
and three months. 

Signed : J. C. Hartsinck (son of the deceased). 

Dated: The Hague, 17 July, 1788. 

Addressed : The Right Noble Austere M^- J. C. Hartsinck Cornsz., Sheriff and 
Councillor of the City of Amsterdam, at Amsterdam. 


To Maitre Jan Casper Hartsinck Cornsz., Town-Councillor of Amsterdam, on 
ihe occasion of his election for the first time as Presiding Sheriff on 2 February, 

The verses are printed and signed A. L. van Harpen. 




Of the death of Miss Sara Cornelis Hartsinck, aged about thirty-six years, at 
five o'clock in the morning on 27 April, of a spitting of blood. 

" We would not have neglected to give you earlier notice of this our grievous 
loss, were it not that our sister De Smeth, being bed-ridden, was prevented, the 
captain was at sea, and the undersigned in Zeeland on the business of the East- 
Indian Company, at the time of the unexpected decease." 

Signed : In the name of the brothers and sister, J. C. Hartsinck (p). 

Dated : Amsterdam, 9 May, 1789. 


Certificate (in French) 

Of the birth, on 20 April, 1788, and of the baptism, on 11 May, 1788, at the 
Walonne Church in Amsterdam, of Jeanne, daughter of Monsieur Jean Casper 
Hartsinck, son of Corneille, reigning sheriff and town-councillor, and of Anna 
Peterella Crokalt (q), his wife, by Monsieur Bouillier, in the presence of her father 
and mother as witnesses. 

Dated : Amsterdam, 12 May, 1789. 

Signature illegible. 

Extract from Register. 

Emelie, enfant de Mr. and Mrs. Jean Casper Hartsinck, born 5 July, 1790, and 
baptised in 1' Eglise Walonne d' Amsterdam, 18 July, 1790. 
Dated: 20 July, 1790. 

J. C. Hartsinck to his Aunt (r). 
Announcing the birth, at seven o'clock that morning, of a son. 
Dated : Amsterdam, 20 April, 1791. 

(/) This is the son of Vice.Admiral Hartsinck, see Folio 25 of pedigree (435). 

(y) It should be "Crokatt." 

(r) Madame de Huges, fUe Rynevelt. 




Of the death of " our youngest child," Pieter Louis (the child above-mentioned) 
most unexpectedly, after a short illness, at the age of three months. 

Signed : J. C. Hartsinck (father of the deceased). 

Dated: Amsterdam, 20 July, 1791. 


Extract from Register, Parish of St. Marylebone. 

John Charles Hartsinck, son of Jan Casper and Anna Peterella, born 13 
November, 1791. 


Of an approaching marriage, the first banns to be proclaimed on the following 
Sunday, between G. Hooft Ibz. (s), and L. C. Muilman. 

Signed : the contracting parties. 

Dated : Amsterdam, 28 September, 1792 


Of an approaching marriage, the first banns to be proclaimed on Sunday next, 
6 April, between P. Hartsinck and N. M. Gueijle, Widow Roepel. 

Signed : the contracting parties. 

Dated : Paramaribo, 4 April, 1794. 

Addressed : Maitre J. C. Hartsinck, ex-Sheriff and Councillor of the City of 
Amsterdam, and Minister Plenipotentiary of Their High Mightinesses the Lords 
States-General of the United Netherlands, &c., &c., Hamburg. 

(s) Jacobzoon, " Fitzjames." 




Of the birth of a daughter at eleven o'clock on the previous evening. 
Signed : Sal. Rendorp. 
Dated : Amsterdam, 6 October, 1794. 

Addressed : To Mr. J. C. Hartsinck, Cz., Minister Plenipotentiary of Their 
Mightinesses to the Lower-Saxon Circle at Hamburg. 

Poem by Bilderdyk. 

Calligraphic copy of a set of extempore verses by W. Bilderdyk, the poet, 
addressed to His Excellency Maltre J. C. Hartsinck, in honour of the fourth 
birthday of his little son, on 12 January, 1795. [Enclosing a rough draft, pre- 
sumably in the poet's own hand. It is possible that the perfect copy is a specimen 
of Bilderdyk's calligraphy : the signature is certainly identical with that of the 

On the cover the Hartsinck arms are painted, ornamented by flowers, and at 
the end of the verses is a picture of a heart. There are eighteen verses. 

P. C. Hartsinck to Hartsinck. 

Announcing the unexpected death, at half-past nine on the previous evening, 
of his second son, Jan van Marselis Hartsinck, aged six-and-a-half years, of a 
catarrhal fever. 

Dated : Amsterdam, 25 December, 1795. 



Joseph Geoffroy, accompanying la dame Hartsinck, Anne Petrella Hartsinck 
nee Crokatt, aged forty, going to England, three jears in Hamburg. 

Jean Charles Hartsinck, native of England, in this town three years, aged six 

Emilie Hartsinck, born at Amsterdam, seven years old, in this town three years, 

(The future Mrs. Day signs in big hand herself.) 

Anne Silk (/), twenty-four years old, accompanying la dame Hartsinck. 

Dated : Hamburg, 25 July, 1797. 

M. Chab.\n-el to Hartsinxk. 

Announcing the death of her husband, Cornelis Hartsinck Janz., at the age of 
about forty-nine years, on 8 October previous, in the Colony of " Demerary " (m). 

The body of the letter in the hand of an amanuensis, with the widow's 
signature and an endorsed or external postscript, probably in the widow's own 
hand : " Please do not answer this." 

Dated : Amsterdam, 8 February, 1798. 


Given at the Alien Office, in Crown Court, Westminster, to John C.ispcr 
Hartsinck "to reside " in any part of the kingdom, all dockyards and ten miles of 
the sea-coast in the counties of Essex, Sussex, Norfolk, Suffolk, Kent, and Hants, 

Dated : 4 October, 1798. 

i brothers, but also to their mother. 


P. C. Hartsinck to Hartsinck. 
Announcing the death, at seven o'clock on the previous evening, after a long 
decline, of their mother, Johanna Margaretha Hasselaer, Widow den Beer, and 
widow of Maitre Pieter Hartsinck, Sheriff and Councillor and Director of the East- 
Indian Company, aged nearly seventy years. 
Dated : Amsterdam, i6 October, 1798. 


Of the death of P. Muilman, ex-Sheriff of Amsterdam, of a rapid decline, at the 
age of over si.xty-eight years. 

Signed : N. P. Muilman (son of the deceased). 
Dated : Amsterdam, 13 April, 1819. 
Addressed : J. C. Hartsinck, Esq., Bath. 

Of the death, at one o'clock on the previous afternoon, of Mr. Jan Hartsinck, 
ex-Sheriff of the City of Amsterdam, in the sixty-fourth year of his age, of the 
result of a fit of apoplexy with which he was seized a year and a half before. 

Signed : in the name of all, J. P. van Marselis Hartsinck. 
Dated : Delft, i May, 1823. 

Addressed : Mr. J. C. Hartsinck, London. Endorsed " Not known at Messrs. 
Tate & Co.," and re-addressed to Forefield House, Lyncombe, Bath. 


By Comtesse d'Oultremont, of the marriage of her son to Mdlle. Isabella 

Dated : 19 July, 1825. 




"Sir and Uncle," 

Announcing an approaching marriage, the first banns to be published on the 
following Sunday, 16 March, between himself and H. L. van der Heim. 

Signed : the contracting parties. 

Dated : The Hague, 14 March, 1828. 

Addressed : J. C. Hartsinck, Esq., Forefield House, Bath, England. 

Followed by a postscript (in French) from Van den Velden, referring to the 
consideration enjoyed by the Van der Heim family, and to the death of "Our 
worthy Uncle de Bylandt." 



Of the death of Jonkvrouw Johanna Jacoba Karolina Van den Velden (v), after 
a long and painful illness, at the age of over fifty-seven years. 

Dated : The Hague, 2 May, 1887. 

Signed : Jonkheer Mattre P. A. Van den Velden (w) and Jonkheer Maitre H. 
A. C. de la Bassecour Caan {x), (brother and brother-in-law of the deceased). 

Addressed : " Sir John Day, Queen's Counsellor (j), Greenbank, Hampstead, 
England," and forwarded to 25 Collingham Gardens, South Kensington, S.VV. 

(f) Daughter of Jonkhetr BeneJiclas Van den Vtlden, see Folio 27 of pedigree (4J5) antt. 
(tu) Son of Jonkheer Benedictu', Van den Velden. 
(.r) See note to Folio 27 aftttr (435). 
O-) My father ivas then a Judge. 





Some one has defined a pedigree as being " an account of three or more 
generations in male line." The account of the Day family, with which this section 
commences, extends well beyond the minimum of this delmition. It commences 
with John Day, who about the year 1650 settled at Englesbatch, near Bath, where 
his descendants have, until recent times, resided. Family tradition points to his 
having come into Somersetshire from Kent. I have searched for and found several 
persons named John Day, who lived in or near Kent at and before 1650 ; any one of 
these may, in fact, be the John Day who came to Englesbatch, but I am not in a 
position to establish the identity. I have had no difficulty in compiling a pedigree 
of his descendants. He married a daughter of John and Dorothea Phippen, of 
Harptree ; the family of Phippen, or, as it was previously termed, Fitzpaine, is an 
ancient one ; amongst the possessors of land in this county of most note in the 
reign of Edward I. was Robert FitzPaine. Amongst families intermarrying with 
his descendants may be mentioned those of Hall of Dundry, Skurray of Charter- 
house-Hinton, Lister (Lord Ribblesdale's family), Fleming (Lord Slane's family), 
and Hartsinck of Holland. 

The Days seemed mostly to have lived quietly and contentedly upon their land 
at Englesbatch, Burnet, Priston, Wellow, and Foscote ; one, however, became a 
doctor of medicine, another entered the army, and a third held the office of 
High Sheriff of the county. My father was the first of the Days to join the legal 
profession to which he was attracted, as he has often told me, by witnessing when 
a boy the acquittal of a prisoner at the Bath Quarter Sessions solely on the ground 
that his name was mis-spelt in the indictment ! But for this trifling incident, 
possibly he would never have become distinguished as an advocate and judge. He, 
however, inherited legal instincts, — Dutch through his grandfather and English 
through his grandmother ; the latter's great-grandfather, Sir John Darnall, was a 
sergeant-at-law and judge of the Marshalsea Court, and his father-in-law. Sir 
Thomas Jenner, was Recorder of London and a Baron of the Exchequer. 

There is nothing to show whether the first John Day or his sons were 
Catholics, but it does appear that his grandson, John, died a Catholic. As the latter 
married Elizabeth Smith, the daughter of the parson of Harptree, an inference may 
fairly be drawn that he was, in his early days, a member of the Church of England. 
Moreover, there has always been a tradition of a change of religion brought about 


by the example of a little tailor who, every Sunday, wet or fine, passed Engelsbatch 
on foot for Bath to hear Mass. 

In this Section will be found some valuable information (487) about the family 
and Engelsbatch, written by my grandfather ; an extract {488) from the Court Roll 
of the admission in 1674 of John Day to the Engelsbatch property ; the will (489) 
of Dorothea Phippen, made in 1675 ; an inscription (499) in Mrs. Hartsinck's Book 
of Common Prayer as to her reasons for becoming a Catholic ; Certificates (500) 
et seq. of Thomas Day and others having taken, as Papists, the oath under the Act 
18 Geo. III. ; the diary (513) kept by my grandfather during the war in Canada; 
and other documents of interest. 

The armorial bearings stamped upon the cover of this book are my father's 
arms as represented in the Dining Hall of the Middle Temple and as described in 
Fairbairn's Book of Crests. The demi lion double-queud supporting a staff comes 
from the Hartsinck's, but the heraldic beast has grown a second tail since 1776, 
when T. J. Hartsinck described and illustrated the crest, see ante (435). The 
double tail does appear to have been used by some of the Hartsincks since that 
date, but I do not know the reason for the addition. The motto "a solis ortu," 
facetiously points out the early origin of the Day family, and was taken by my 
father from the 113th Psalm, v. 3, "A solis ortu usque ad occasum laudabile 
nomen Domini." The second crest, the martlet azure, is meant to be the Day 
crest, which was a bird, but not, as I think, a martlet. The latter is a fabulous 
heraldic bird without beak or claws, whereas the Day crest, as seen elsewhere, 
appears to me to resemble a natural bird. 

The martlet is the crest of the Days of Essex, but I am not aware of any 
connection between that family, which can be traced back to a John Day in 1687, 
and ours. Possibly both families are descended from John Day, the famous printer, 
who died at Saffron Walden in 1584, leaving twenty-six children ; his son, John 
Day, was Vicar of Great Thurlow, where he died in 1627 ; but the printer's coat- 
of-arms displayed two eagles. 




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Old Pocket Book. 

(Notes in writing of Mrs. Day nee Fleming.) 

Francis Fleming (r) died 22 March (interred 25th), 1778, aged 63. 

Ann Fleming (r) died 24 March, 1759, aged 36. 

Nannett Fleming, born 9 January, 1746, o.s. 

Kitty Fleming, born i August, 1747. o.s. 
died 15 September, 1815. 

Francis Fleming, born n October, 1748, o.s. 

Mary Alice Fleming, born 18 November, 1749, o.s. 

„ „ „ m. I May, 1777, Thos. Day, born 4 Nov., 1748, o.s. 

Catherine Roland, my aunt, died 6 April, 1786. 

Mary Day, born 22 August, 1778. Her godparents Mr. Day's father and Ann 
Fleming ; she gave her silver correl and bells. 

John Day, born 23 December, 1779. Mr. Robinson and Miss Day. 

Francis Day, born 4 February, 1782. Mr. Canning and .Ann Fleming. 

Thomas Day, born 2 November, 1783 ; (he never had the white mouth). 
Mr. D's. fr. and Miss S. Day. 

The above four children all inoculated for small-pox by Mr. Combs on 19 
April, 1785. 

William Day, born 13 January, 1786. Mr. Robinson and Kitty Fleming. 

Martha Day, born 11 April, 1787. Wm. Day and Kitty Fleming. 

Anne Teresa Day, born 4 December, 1788. Wm. Day and Anne Teresa 
Fleming. Died 27 November, 1789. 

Samuel Day, born 19 March, 1790, died 14 January, 1791. 

[Then follows a list of presents to each of moneys and " price of his (or her) 
sheep." Sometimes occurs in account "she paid towards England's Defence out 
of the above in ye year 1798."] 

Samuel Edward Day, born 15 February, 1793. Mr. Robinson and K. Fleming. 

Susanna, born i February, 1796. Wm. Day and Martha Robinson. 

William died 4 November, 1806, aged 20 [words illegible]. 

My ever much-beloved T. D. died 13 January, 1807, aged 58 ; we were married 
I May, 1777. 

Thos. Day, born 4 November, 1749. 

W.m. Day, died 5 April. 

(r) Her father and mother. 


Notes relating to Flemings (s). 

Francis P'lemixg came to Bath at the age of 15, under the auspices of Lord 
Thomond, and recommended by him to the patronage of Beau Nash about the 
year 1730. 

Michael, the father of P'rancis Fleming, came over from Ireland, and resided 
many years with his son. They stated that they were nearly related to Fleming 
Lord Slane, a family that possessed an immense tract of land in Ireland till confis- 
cated in the Civil Wars. The last who bore that title was said to have been very 
intimate with Francis Fleming, and to have often dined with him at second-rate 
chop-houses. In an old Bath Journal of 1746 or about 1750 the death of this man 
is mentioned, and it is added that, although the property and title had been 
confiscated in his forefathers' time, yet he was commonly known by the name of 
Lord Slane. 

Ann Teresa Fleming died in her house in John Street, Bath, on 9 February, 
1823, aged 77 years, and was interred in a vault underneath the church at Walcot. 
Her niece, F. Day, and nephew, John, were with her during the last week of her 
illness. In person tall and stout, her manners graceful, her port noble, rather clever, 
temper violent and overbearing, yet to the last her house continued to be the resort 
of a great number of persons of all ages and conditions in life. She was a warm- 
hearted, ardent friend, a shrewd discerner of merit and candid in pointing out 
faults, hospitable, free, and extravagant, would have done justice to a large income 
and spent it with dignity. In the same vault had been interred her father ; Mr. 
Edward Canning (to whom she was on the point of being married) ; and her sister 
Catherine. She was attended by Mr. Spry and Sir George Gibbs, M.D. 

[She left a quantity of silver plate, pictures, etc., for distribution between 
relatives and friends.] 

22 March, 1778, Francis Fleming died. He married Ann Rolan, a French- 
woman, who died at age of 36, leaving 3 daughters, my mother, or Mary, youngest, 
about eight years old. 

Ann Theresa and Catharine died single. 

Mary married Thos. Day, of Englesbatch, then residing at Forscote. 

[The following entries are taken from an account at Mr. Fleming's death.] 

Reed, for the musick at the Pump ^i 12 6 

for a schoUar 10 6 

for a violin 70 o o 

Paid Hopley for Playing at ye Pump 2 12 6 

„ the Clargiman for swearing 10 6 

„ for window tax, etc ... i 17 2 


Genealogical Notes. 

Charles Crokatt, whose picture we have, was born at Charlestown, N.A. His 
father's name was James ; his grandfather married a Kinloch. Charles Crokatt 
married by special license, at Dagnum's Park in Essex, Anna Meulman, in the year 
1752. (See further as to Crokatts and their alliance with the Crawfurds, ante [483], 
Folio 8.) Emy's mother's great grandmother was a Kinloch of Kinloch and married 
a Crokitt. The large picture of a Meulman, at Woodlands, is my wife's great-great 
grandfather, one of seven brothers, whose father is one of the Burgomasters 
represented in the Stadhuis, Amsterdam. 

The large picture of I.xion was sent to England by Sir T. Jenner, from Italy 
where he had fled with James II (t). 

Sir Thomas Jenner's mother was maid-of-honour to Queen Elizabeth («<), to 
whom the Queen gave a pair of black velvet mittens embroidered with pearl ; these 
were given to Lady Darnel, daughter of Sir T. Jenner, and she, having no son, 
divided these mittens between her two daughters — Mrs. Ord, married to the Chief 
Justice of Scotland (v), the other married Henry Meulman, of Dag. Park, in E., son 
of Peter M., Burgomaster of Am.sterdam. (See further as to Muilman family, ante 
[483], Folio 8.) 

Sir T. Jenner held large landed estates in Somersetshire as well as in Epsom. 
The Queen's Lodge and the ground on which the King's stables stand at Windsor, 
were the property of Sir John Darnel, Judge, and bought by George III. of Mrs. 
Muilnian's executors for _^6,ooo. 

Has Emy a medal of Muelman after living 40 years with his wife (w). 

[The above notes are on a sheet of paper, and were probably written by Jan 
Casper Hartsinck.] 

John Julius Angerstein died 29 January, 1823, at Woodlands, Kent. His 
age must have been we reckon at least 91 ; letter of Mrs. J. Angerstein to Emily, 
29 January, 1823. 

[This note is on another piece of paper and in a different writing. J. J. 
Angerstein was born at St. Petersburg in 1737 and died 1823 : he married the 
widow of Charles Crokatt, see ante [272] and [483], Folio 8.] 

An account of "dear uncle Boucherett's death," copied (by my grandmother) 
from the Gentleman's Magazine for October, 1815. 

[Ayscoghe Boucherett, of Willingham and Stallinborough, Lines., was killed 
on 15 September, 1815, in the presence of his family by an accident, which occurred 
in driving a curricle at a short distance from his house. He was in the 6ist year 

(f) Jenner did not succeed in escaping with the King ; it m.-ny he that after his release from the Tower he went abroad for 
a time ; if not, this passage seems to be inaccurate. 

iu) His mother was a daughter of Jeffery Clyde, of Dallington, and may possibly have been a maid of honour. But 
1 think it more likely that the writer meant to refer to Anne Poe, who became Jenner's wlte. 

(v) Lord Chief Baron Ord of Scotland. 

(w) Vol. 58 of Gent'emnn's Magazine gives a reproduction of this medal at page 768. 


[486] of his age. He represented Grimsby in two Parliaments : was High Sheriff in 
1795. He was a Justice of the Peace and Deputy Lieutenant for the County. He 
married EmiHa, daughter of Charles Crokatt and had children (see ante [483] 
Folio 8). 

The Boucheretts are of ancient French descent. Armon de Boucheret, who 
died 1564, was Avocat du Roi. Matthew Boucheret settled at Willingham, and 
was naturalized in 1644. 

Book containing Notes by my Grandfather. 

This house (at Englesbatch) was first built in 1775 — cost about 500 (pounds), 
independent of timber, carriage of materials, and work performed by their own 
people ; the stones of the old house were used in the new one. The old one stood 
about yards from the present, near the bottom of the lane fronting, and in 

that part of the Hayside between the mead, orchard and the farm yard. The old 
house (according to my father's statement) was built by a person of the name of 
Bin or Bean, by which act he embarassed his finances and caused the property to 
be sold, when my great-grandfather's grandfather bought it. ProV>ably previous to 
the sale, a bailiff appearing (at) the house to arrest old Bean, he (the bailiff) was 
shot by his (Bean's) son, who went and hanged himself in the malt-house now 
standing in the lower yard. Having frequently heard that the skeleton of Bean 
was dug up by Thomas Miles, at the cross road half-a-mile above the village, I, this 
day (27 July, 1820) asked Thomas what he remembered : he said it was more than 
fifty years ago that he found a skeleton which was said to be that of Bean. 

In the summer of (I think) 1800, Fowles, of Priston, in Mr. Cottle's field, called 
the Foss, discovered a stone coffin containing a human skeleton. A skeleton was 
found when cleaning up the bottom of Duncairn field. Also a skeleton in a stone 
coffin in the Engscombe lane, about two hundred yards this side the church. 

The first of the Days who came to Englesbatch and who bought Bean's pos- 
sessions here, was named John, and the period may be supposed to have been the 
reign of Charles the 2nd, probably the commencement, as his eldest son, Thomas, 
was in the Trained Band and with his corps in Bath at the time the Duke of 
Monmouth passing from Bristol to Frome ascended the round Barrow, since called 
Monmouth's Mount, whence he sent a summons to the city of Bath to surrenderor 
he would beat down their Abbey. The trumpeter who bore the summons was 
shot on approaching the walls, and his body thrown on the dunghill of the " Three 
Tuns Inn." The rebels continued their march, and the regular troops in the city 
moved off to attack them ; the Commandant of whom declaring that he would 
return to sup in the city and use the scull of Monmouth as a punch-bowl. But the 
boast was vain and empty, for incautiously approaching Philip's Norton, the rebels, 


[487] who had posted a couple of guns in the first house or cottage ; and which completely 
enfiladed the road, opened on the Royal Troops with great effect, who, at the same 
time, found themselves piked or shot by the enemy from behind the hedges of the 
lane, which in those days were in a hollow or much lower than the fields that 

The above facts were related me by my great-aunt, Susan, who then had in her 
possession the sword her grandfather wore, — the Trained Band did not quit Bath, 
their duty being only for its defence. She added that after the disaster at Norton, 
the Royal Gazette or Paper announced a splendid success under the head of re- 
capture of Middeford (I think termed a city) and the town of Philip's Norton, 
This she often used to mention as an e.xcuse for doubting some of our real or 
pretended successes at the commencement of the French revolutionary war (with 
the loss of two killed and one wounded). 

My great-aunt used to tell me that John Day, previous to purchasing Bean's 
property, possessed and lived on a small farm at Wilmington which he had bought, 
that he came from the county of Kent, was a dealer in land, his wife attended to 
the market, and the husband to his land dealing — at his death he left four sons, 
and to each an estate, viz., one to John at Cossel in Gloucestershire, near the 
Severn, one to Samuel at Burnet, another to Robert at Wilmington, and the eldest 
son, Thomas, had the Englesbatch possessions, which at that time were the Farm 
called Beans and Lower House. 

I am inclined to think or doubt whether John ever lived at Englesbatch. My 
great-aunt said she asked her father if he remembered his grandfather ; his reply 
was that •' he did remember when a very little boy to have seen his grandfather 
coming up the lane from their house here and thought him a very tall man, he 
died soon after." This proves that his son Thomas, who married Diaper (believed 
of Wilts, Nettleton), must at that time been residing here, yet previous to his son's 
(John) marriage with B. Smith, daughter of the Rector of East and West Harp- 
trees, he was living at East Harptree ; the Englesbatch land let in the meanwhile 
to Smith, forefather to the Smiths of Englescomb or Tiverton. 

The second John Day came to Englesbatch at the age of eighteen and had the 
management of the Farm. I am inclined to think his father lived with him here, 
as tradition says for years he was an almost daily visitor to Long House, then a 
Public House, though not of so low a description as at present. It was there he 
bought the old Barometer, whether in his youth or old age I know not, said to be 
the first seen in the Country amongst the Farmers and considered a great curiosity, 
— from its workmanship, it must, when new, have been a very ornamental piece 
of furniture, — 3 Gs. the price. 

On the Tomb in Pristoii Churchyard the inscription for the first Thomas Day 
of this Parish is hardly legible. — 

Died at the age of 82 and several years before his wife in 17 . 

"Also of Elizabeth wife of the said Thomas Day who dyed Feby 4, 1732 
aged 83 years." 

I believe her maiden name was Diaper, and from Wiltshire (Nettleton) — their 
son Thomas died [4 November] 1706, aged 18, of the small-pox, and their daughter 


[487] Martha in 1708 also, a young woman (tliere is a small box worked by her now in 

Elizabeth, the wife of the first Thomas Day, returned to reside at Englesbatch 
when their son was iS years of age ; his grandson Thos. remembered the old 
gentle" and that he used to poke the boy with his stick. 

His son John died 29th of April, in 1773, aged 86, born in June, 1687. 

The Tree in Sydland mead planted by Aunt Martha, raised from an acorn in 
the garden (at). 

At the Parliamentary survey in the year 1650, John Bean possessed Farms 
No's. 8 and 9. In the year 1670, Tobias Rustat (y) is noted down as the possessor 
of them. An. value estimated at ;^40. Fine for three Lives ;^400. In 1673, Thos. 
Bean stands as the Proprietor. Rent ^30. Fine ;^3oo. 

In the year 1731, John Day for his, or from his, mother, E. Day. 

The above I took from a book in the Duchy Office, Somerset. 

On the 25th September, 1821, died my mother, Mrs. Mary Day, widow of 
Thos. Day, and was buried at Englescombe on the 29th. She was born on the 
29th November, 1749, in the city of Bath. 

When I was going out to shoot at about 9 o'clock in the morning of the 21st 
September, my mother, who then appeared in perfect health, called after me, 
saying " remember, bring in a hare for dinner on Sunday." Tom (2) accompanied 
me, and on our way home our convers;ition rolled entirely on the delightful bustle 
our mother would be in, while emptying my pockets, having a brace of hares and a 
leash of birds — the greatest quantity of game I ever bagged in a day. On our 
arrival, my sister Fanny told us that "our mother was very ill and had a most 
violent vomiting." When she came into the dining-room and I held out the game, 
she did not look, but said she was " too ill." The following morning at 7 I went 
to Bath for Doctor Harvey, and from whom I understood that my mother was in 
greater danger than I had before imagined. 

On Sunday, the 23rd, her sister, Miss Fleming, and the Rev. Mr. Coombs paid 
her a visit. When the violence of her pain abated she seemed generally occupied 
in prayer. She desired we would "not write to the girls (her two daughters at 
Spetisbury) but to Mrs. Tuite the news of her death." She expected she was 
going to die from the commencement of her illness. ... In the course of the 
(Monday) night she told Fanny that there was, on the top of the bedstead, ^10 to 
pay her quit rent at Engelscomb Court as well as ;^20 laid aside to bury her. At 
about 8 in the morning the Rev. Mr. Brindle and my uncle Wm. from Bath ; at 
about 9 my sister Mary arrived from Camerton. In the room at the time (of her 
death) were her daughters Mary and Frances — her sons Thomas and myself. My 
mother, in person was rather short than tall, — stout but not fat — for her age, very 
active — always the first up in the morning and very busy and bustling when she was 
up — very religious, and not to be prevented from attending the Chapel every 


[487] Sunday, through rain or snow, if she could get any one drive her car. In her 
accounts correct to a penny from one end of the year to the other, as lier books 
show — anxious to receive the day it was due, she was not less an.\ious to pay at 
least as punctual — her monies laid by for the funeral, etc., is a general trait. She 
had the advantage of a good education ; having been two years at the Ursuline 
Convent at Lille she was perfectly mistress of the French language. She was deaf 
from the time of her marriage, and for the last 20 years used a trumpet to hear. 

The wall-nut in the Hayside near the rick yard was planted by my mother, and 
the one in Phelp's orchard, near the garden, by my sister Fanny over the spot 
where an old horse was buried a few years before ; the same was one of the two 
horses my father and self rode from Sedley Park School in 1789, I being only nine 
years old. I rode him four years as my troop horse in the Bath Vol. Cavalry ; he 
was a favourite of my father's. The nut tree in the old orchard was planted about 
the same time (1807-8). The three Chesnut trees in the lane were planted about 
1815 or 1816 by my brother Sam and sisters Martha and Susan — the centre one by 
Sam. The trees near the Pump in the F'urlong by my sister Susan the day she 
became of age. The large chesnut tree in the back yard was planted about the 
year 1789. The oak tree near the hedge, about halfway down Sydland Mead, and 
nearly opposite the old gateway into Durnet's, was planted an acorn by my grand- 
aunt Martha, first in their garden. The young nut tree in the old orchard began 
this year (1822) to produce, bore fourteen nuts, tlnee of which I planted again, 
being of excellent quality. 

The old orchard was planted to apple trees, one half the winter before John 
Day was born in 1687, and the other half the winter after. His birth happened 
about the Feast of St. Peter and Paul, or Bath fair (old style), but not on the day, 
or his name would have been Peter, — said to have been a family name. 

My father, Thomas Day, the third of that name, who lived at this place 
^Englesbatch), was born November 15, 1748, and died January 13, 1807. In person, 
he was 5 ft. 10 inches high, and very well shaped or formed ; neither fat or thin. 
His death was caused by an old standing rupture. On his return from Bristol on a 
Thursday, he showed symptoms of being very unwell ; the following morning he 
told the cause of his illness (which before was known only to himself), a surgeon 
was sent for, but he died on the night of the following Monday or Tuesday — some 
surgical operation was previously performed, and during his illness he suffered very 

The rupture was first caused by a kick from a young horse at Forscote. I, at 
this moment, well remember (tho' not three years old at the time) seeing my father 
sitting back, lifeless apparently, in an arm chair, and Chas. Francis, the Barber of 
Wellow, who was subsequently my schoolmaster, come in to bleed him. My 
father was quite a man of business — enterprizing, active and closely applying — his 
judgment good, and much sought after as an arbitrator, which speaks his principle. 
At the age of 26 or 27 he took the F"arm, consisting of the Parish of Forscote, 
where he lived thirty years, and from the year 1794 occupied his land here, also 
making about 800 acres to manage. At the time of his death, as well as that of my 
brother William, I was absent, being with my Regt. in Quebec. 


[487] My brother William died the 4th November, 1806, aged 20, was buried in the 

same grave, or rather his father was buried in the same grave with him. He was 
with a Mr. Green, a merchant in Bristol — he had been unwell for a few days. He 
came home on a Thursday and the Tuesday morning following was a corpse. 
Being the first of the family who died my grief for him was very great. 

John Day, who died in the year 1773, aged 86, married Miss Betty Smith, 
daughter of Thos. Smith, Vicar of East and West Harptrees, in this county, and his 
cousin-german, Samuel Day, of Burnet, married another sister (Mary Smith). The 
latter couple had two children only, viz., Mary and Betty, and after his death she 
married John Day, the second son of the above John, consequently they were first 
cousins by the mother's side and second cousins by the father's. She died about 
the year 1803, aged about 77 ; she left one child only, Samuel, who, after his 
marriage, removed to Hinton and served the office of High Sheriff for the county 
about the year 1796. His death was occasioned by the falling of the Hustings or 
Stand at an election for the county at Bridgewater, 1806 or 1807. He left an only 
son, Samuel, who married a daughter of Lord Ribblesdale, and died without issue 
in 1816, aged 28. 

The before-mentioned Miss Betty Day, of Burnet, married John Harvoe, whose 
father came from Kent ; the youngest daughter of whom, Miss Ann Harvoe, has 
related the above, which corresponds with what I had often previously heard. She 
added that her grandfather, Samuel Day, of Burnet, had two sisters, — one, Martha, 
married a person of the name of Adams, and their daughter, Betty, married Jas. 
Marchant, of Priston, who left several children ; the other daughter, Ann, married 
a Mr. James, of Harptree. 

[Here follows an account of the opening of a barrow or tumulus at Odd Down 
on the 1 6th May, 1822.] From the barrow I have a seal, which was cut through 
by some weapon previous to interment. When accompanying my father to Bath, 
going down the hill below, where Cottage Crescent now stands, he told me that his 
grandfather rememberedibefore that road was made, and that the way was down the 
field south of the watering troughs, the tracks are still visible — and that the same 
old gentleman was in existence before any coals had been ever conveyed to Bath on a 
wheel carriage. My father added that a Mr. Hooper, of Walcot, had told him that 
he was born about the year 1720, and could remember when that Parish contained 
no more than 28 or 29 houses. It is said that at the battle on Lansdovvn, in 1643, 
the ancestor of the Hoopers was a blacksmith, and from a sudden display of wealth, 
it was supposed he had profited of some very lucky spoil. 

The Bolford Farm of the Hall's was bought by Thomas Clement from John 
Champneys, Lord of the Manor of Wilmington, or 'don, in the fourth year of the 
reign of Edward the Sixth, 1551, for the sum of 

Witness to the payment or purchase of the above, John (perhaps Collys), 

of Priston, Clerke ; Richarde Gaye, of Englescombe ; Thomas Wilcocks and 
Richard Clement, of Priston. 

In the year 1687, Mr. John Clement, the son of a Mr. John Clement, both then 
residing at Midford in the parish of Bradford, married, as appears by the marriage 
settlement, Miss Eliza Dick, of Waterhouse or Limpley Stoke. Her portion was 


[487] ;^400 ; the Bolford Farm and other property was settled on the Lady Trusts. — 
Geo. Dick and John Dick, of Waterhouse and Limpley Stoke, and Charles Eaton, 
of Twinovvay. 

" Elizabeth Clement, wife of John Clement, died 29th May, 1732, aged 66 
years." She had three daughters — the eldest married, in 1710, Geo. Hall, of 
Dundry (whose daughter, Susanna, my grandfather, Thomas Day, married about the 
year 1745) — another of the Misses Clements married a person of the name of 
Plurret [sic] of Bradford, and the other married first a Benjamin Hall, and after 
his death had a second husband of the name of Hale or Hales, of Wellow ; their 
family turning out idle, they ran through their property. Of the Plourrets, both 
family and property, I believe, are long since extinct. 

Extract (translated) from Court Roll. 
Manor of Inglescombe. 

Court of King Charles H of England Scotland and Ireland King etc. of his 
aforesaid Manor parcel of the Duchy of Cornwall held there on the 14th day of 
May 26 yr. of the King and Anno Dni. 1674, before Francis Lord Hawley Head 
Steward of the aforesaid Manor. 

Wm. Heine and Nathaniell Beine the brother of a certain Thomas Beine copy- 
holders by Roll bearing date 15 day of October 26 Car. II for life according to the 
Custom of and in one Tenement and Cottage containing 58 acres of arable land 
lying in the same County and 3 acres of meadow and 8 acres pasturage separately 
with the appurtenances in reversion of the said Thomas Beine for the ancient 
annual rent of 30s. and 6d. surrender the same and it is regranted to John Day 
senior at the same Court of the parish of Priston in the County of Somerset yeoman 
for the term of the life of Thomas Day and of his son the said John Day, and the 
survivor of them at the ancient rent of 30s. and 6d. per annum. 

Testamentary Memorandum of Dorothy Phippen, 1675. 
Memorandum That on or about the month of October in the year of our 
Lord God 1675, Dorothy Phippen of the p'ish of Eastharptry, deceased, being of 
sound and perfect mind and memory, and intending to make her last Will and 
Testament nunc, did in the presence of diverse credible witnesses declare and 
nuncupate as followeth vize. all my Bills, Bonds and Assignments I give to my 
daughter Martha, all my other goods I give to my sonne John, except the reversion 
of my Living at East Harptry after my said Sonne's decease, which I give to my 
Grandson Thomas Day provided my said sonne John doe die unmarryed, but if my 


[489] said Sonne John doe marry, I give the same to him, he paying the said Thomas 
Day tenn pounds, this the said Dorothy Phippen deceased whilst she was of sound 
mind and memory, and intending the same should be and stand for her last Will 
nuncupative did declare and nuncupate in the presence of us (and amongst divers 
others who were then present) who have hereunto subscribed our names 

Signum Benjamin Poole 
Signum JOHis Poole 
[The above Document appears to have been proved at Wells the 12th of April 
1692, and the Grandson Thomas Day acting Executor.] 

The Will of John Day. 1693. 

In the Name of God Amen ! The 27th day of M;iy in 5th year of the Reign 
of our Soveraign Lord & Lady William & Mary, by the Grace of God, of England, 
Scotland, France and Ireland King and Queen Defenders of the Faith &c. Anno. 
Dm. 1693. I, John Day of Wilmington als Wilminton within the Parish of Priston 
als Prishton in the County of Somerset, being sick and weak in body, but 
of sound and perfect mind and memory, thanks be given to Almighty God for the 
same, considering with myself that nothing is more certain than death and nothing 
more uncertain than the time thereof, and being desirous to settle my Worldly 
Estate : Do therefore makv and ordain this my last Will and Testament, in manner 
and form following. 

Impris. I recommend my soul to the mercy of God my Heavenly Creator, 
hoping to receive his Pardon and the enjoyment of everlasting happiness through 
the merits and mediation of his only son Christ Jesus my alone Saviour & Redeemer 
thro' the good conduct and guidance of His most holy and ever Blessed Spirit ; 
my body I will to be decently buryed at the discretion of my Executors herein after 
named, in humble hopes of a glorious Resurrection to life Eternal and my Estate 
Real and Personal, which God of his infinite Goodness hath given me, I give 
bequeath and dispose of the same in manner and form following (that is to say) 
Impris unto my son Thomas Day, All and singular my Messuages or Tenements & 
Estate situate lying and being within the Parish of Inscombe als linscombe in the 
said County of Somst., and all the Interest and Term which at my decease shall be 
therein to come and unexpired. Item, I give unto my said son Thomas Day five 
shillings. Item, I give and bequeath unto my son Robert Day my Messuage, 
or Tenements and Effects, which I have situate in Prior Stanton, in said County of 
Somst., and all the Interest and Term, which at my decease shall be therein to come 
and unexpired. Item, I give and bequeath unto my son John Day the Messuage 
or Tenement and Estate wherein I now live, situate in Wilmington aforesaid, and 
all the Interest & term which at my decease shall be therein to come and 
unexpired. Provided always and my will and meaning is & I do hereby desire that 
my said son Thomas shall within one month next after my decease give my 
Executors herein after named a Release of all Demands whatsoever as Executors 


[490] of this my last Will & Testament, and that my said son Robert do make and deliver 
such lawful Release and Releases within the space of tliree months next after my 
said son Thomas shall have released my said Executors herein after named (as 
Executors as aforesaid) he doing tt within one month fiext ajitr my decease to the 
hands of my said son Thomas for and to his use or at the Request of him, the said 
Thomas and at his costs and charges make a Loyal Surrender in Court of all his 
the said Robert's Estate, Title and Interest in or to my said Messuage or Tenements 
and Estate in Inscombe aforesaid for the use of my said son Thomas Day and his 
Assigns as his Councel shall advise, so as that thereby all the Estate, Right, Title, 
Interest and Demand of my said son Robert to my said Messuages or Tenements 
and Estate situate in Inscombe aforesaid shall be annihillated determined and 
extinct. And my will Intent and meaning is hereby further declared : That if my 
said son Robert shall refuse to perform such my reasonable Requests (after their 
Release so as aforesd. given and delivered by the said Thomas to and for the use 
of my said Ex'tors) That then the Bequest to my sd. son Robert of the Messuage 
or Tenement and Estate in Prior Stanton shall be void, and the same shall go to, 
and I do hereby give and devise the same (on nonperformance of my said Request 
to my said son Robert) to my sd. son Thomas Day for all the term which at my 
decease shall be therein to come and unexpired. Item, My Will & meaning is, 
that my said son John Day do after a Release so as aforesd. given and delivered by the 
said Thomas Day make and deliver the like Release or Surrender, as I have herein 
before desired my said son Robert, of all his, the sd. John Day's Estate and Title 
& Interest in, or to my said Messuages, Tenements and Estate in Ingscombe 
aforesd. And my will, intent and meaning is, That if my son John shall refuse to 
perform such my request, That then the bequest to my said son John of the Messuage 
or Tenement and Estate in Wilmington shall be void, and the same shall goe to, 
and I do hereby give and devise the same (on nonperformance of my said request 
to my said son John) to my said son Thomas Day for all the term which at my 
decease shall be therein to come and unexpired. Item, all the rest & Residue of 
my Goods, Chatties, Rings, Plate, Household Stuff, Rights, and Credits not herein 
before particularly disposed of — my Debts, Legacies and FuneniU Expences being 
first satisfied paid & discharged — I wholly give and Bequeath unto my three sons 
Samuel Day, Robert Day before named and the said John Day whom I do hereby 
constitute, ordain and make joynt Executors to this my last Will & Testament, 
Desiring them to see this my Will be truely and faithfully perform'd according to 
the true and plain intent and meaning herein expressed. And Lastly I do hereby 
revoke all other Testamentary writings by me formerly made, and do declare this to 
be my only last Will & Testament. In Witness whereof I have hereunto put my 
hand and seal this 27th day of May 1693. 


In the presence of John Phelpes, 

Richard Bernard, 
Benjamin Branch. 

[As appears by the Probate on the back of the V/ill, it was proved at Wells on 
the 17th August, 1694.] 


Inventoi;y of the Goods and Chattels of John Day. 

48 acres of wheat upon ground at £t, 

Two Leasehold Estates 

9 cart horses and harness ... 

One Hakney mare 

34 Ewes with Lambs at 15s. 
40 Hog Sheep at los. 
2 Wheat Reaks 90 Sack at 30s 
Barley in Barn 9 Qrs. ar 30s. 
Hay Mow 

2 Carts 

2 Waggons 

A Post Shucs and Harness 
30 Cyder Casks at 8s. 

2 Fat Piggs 

4 Pi.^^s 

2 Heifers 


Rent due 

Two Dear (deer) 3 Colts 

In the Great Parler one Table and Carpit 

To a Beauroe (Bureau) 

To 16 Pickters 

In the Pantry 20 Pleat (Plate) 

In the Back Parler, To a Slice and Tongs, Poker 

and Fender 

In the Best Parler a Looking Glass 

In the other Pantry 7 Pewter Dishes 

In the front Garratt two Hundred of half coward 

Cheess ... 

In the Maid's Room one Bead (bed) and bead cloths 
In Mrs. Day's Room one Great Arm Chair 

To Wareing Aparil and a Chest 

In the Chicking (Kitchen) To a Jack and Spitt 
To a coffee pot, a mugg, and 10 candlesticks, 

candle box, warming pan and Billows 
To a Tea Cittle and other Brass things 

In the Seller, To wine 

To bear 
In the Brew House a Syder Press and Mill 
(There are other items, the above are only specimens.) 













26 5 

9 9 









"A True Copy of Lord Balmerin's Speech upon ye Scafold." 

"A True Copy of a Paper Mr. Geo. Fletcher at his Execution." 

[The latter is dated " Wensday, July ye 30, 1746." From the appearance o£ 
the ink and paper both copies were made long ago. I do not transcribe these 
documents as I am not aware of any connection between any member of the Day 
family and these unfortunate gentlemen.] 

Agreement as to Right of Way. 

[The Lord of the Manor of Priston had obstructed a highway from Engles- 
combe to Camerton at a point in Buppil's Field.] 

We, whose hands are hereunto affixed, do promise and agree to and with each 
other in manner following, viz., that some or one of us shall pull down, pluck up 
and remove ye Posts and Short Gates aforesaid, and jointly to defend any action or 
actions brought against him or them and that each and every of us shall and will 
pay />ro rata in defending same according to ye Estate he has in the Parish of 

In witness whereof we have the day of (a). 

John Day 
John Day 
Thomas Day. 
and seven other names. 

Marriage Agreement, 1777. 

On the marriage of Thomas Day, junr., of Foscot, and Mary Fleming, daughter 
of Francis Fleming, of Bath, musician, the latter agrees to assign a house in King 
Street, Bath, and to pay ^100 to the said Thomas Day, who will enter into a bond 
to pay ;^500 to the said Michael Fleming, if she survives him. 

(a) Not dated, but probably about 1750 or 1760. 


Pastoral Lettek. 
[Reducing the number of Holidays of Obli.^:ition.] Such then being the 
granted reduction of the Holydays, it is necessary that those which remain be 
observed with due zeal and exactness. 

Charles, Bishop of Roma, V.A. 
Dated : Bath, lo May, 1777. 

A Certificate. 

Thomas Day of Englisbatch on the i6th July 1778 at the Quarter Sessions 
holden for the City of Bath in open Court took and subscribed the Oath appointed 
to be taken by Papists by the Act of 18 Geo. III. to relieve them from the Penalties 
and Disabilities imposed by the Act of 11 & 12 Wm. III. 

Similar Certificates 
To William Robinson of Westgate Buildings, Bath, Builder (16 July, 1778) 
and to Susana Day, Bath, spinster (16 November 1778). 

Inscription in Book of Common Prayer. 

To this book and to this book alone I owe the perfect conviction of the contra- 
dictions contained in the Liturgy as used by Church of England. By reading the 
four Evangelists bound up with this Liturgy I was induced to seek some form of 
worship which coincided in all points with their doctrines. Thanks to the especial 
grace of my Heavenly Father I have found this in the Mother Church, and in the 
religion which my forefathers (who living before the innovations made either by 
Luther, Calvin or Henry the Eighth) were blessed by following, agreeable in all 
points to the Apostolic Faith ; in this Church I hope to live and die. And I merely 
keep this book though full of the grossest errors in gratitude for the good which 
arose to me out of evil, for which I have the permission of those, whom 1 shall ever 
consider it my duty to obey. 

A. P. Hartsinck. 

[This book was printed in 1779, but there is nothing to show the date of the 
inscription. In Mrs. Hartsinck's signature the initials A. P. are in the form of a 



Certificates similar to [496]. 

To Thomas Day, on 13 July, 1791 ; to Susana Day, on 18 July, 1791 ; to 
William Day, Surgeon, 18 July, 1791 ; and to Elizabeth Robinson, wife of William 
Robinson, 18 July, 1791. 

To Ann Theresa Fleming, at Paris, returning to England. 
Dated : 20 July, 1791. 

Memorandum BY A. Boucherett. 

" My Emily has a boy." 
Dated : 24 September, 1791 
Not addressed. 


Inscription in a Prayer Book. 

John Day. Given him by Lord Arundel of Wardour, 1791, previous to the 
opening of the Chapel in his house, at which I assisted as bearer of the Bishop's 
mitre. J. D. 


To William Day, Gent., to be an Ensign in the Bath Regiment of Volunteer 
Infantry, but not to take rank in the Army except during the time of the said corps 
being called out into actual service. 

Dated : 21 November, 1804. 



Inscription in a Prayer Book. 
" Emilia Hartsinck, given me by my dear Mother." 
Dated : 20 July, 1805. 

[The gift of this Catholic book, called The Garden of the Soul, shows that 
Mrs. Hartsinck had been converted before this date.] 

"To our truly and well-beloved John Day, Gent.," to be a Lieutenant in the 
49th Regiment of Foot. 

Dated : 21 February, 1805. 


Appeal for Subscriptions 
To complete the Catholic Chapel at Bath, 18 10. 

In the list of subscribers are :— W. Day, ^50 ; Thos. Day, ^50 ; The Earl of 
Newborough, ,^50 ; Chas. Conoly, ^50 ; etc. 

Accounts kept by Capt. Day. 
[These books contain entries commencing in 1810 and ending in 1816 ; of 
these I reproduce only a few as specimens.] 

9 July, 18 1 1. Took command of the 49th Regimental Depot at Hertford. 
23 July, 1812. Marched from Dublin in command of 44 Volunteers, 62nd Regt., 
8 Recruits, 56th Regt., and 2 Sergts, 2 Corpls. to escort them to the Isle of 


Wight. Allowance to officer for marc 

•hing the 



Route :— 

Liverpool to Oswestry 


45 miles 

Oswestry to Shrewsbury 


Shrewsbury to Worcester 


Worcester to Gloucester 


Gloucester to Marlbro 



Marlbro to Southampton 




Cowes to Newport 



s. d. 

232 miles at 6d. per mile 




Returning to Dublin without men, 

by Holyliead, 

278 miles at gd. per mile 



8 6 

Passage going and returning 


8 3 

Total allowance 


4 August, 18 1 2. Four men left in Gaol at Andover. 

12 September, ,, Lodging and Fuel Returns previous to the Party going to 
Ballymena, £2. i6s. 

17 .. Belfast District. Account with Captain McNiel, Dist. Pay. M'- 

Sold jacket and breeches of Gibson, deed., for 5s. Paid his debt to Corpl. 
Baylis, 4s. 

Bounty on attesting to John Gin, £2. 2s. 

Recruit John Gin was rejected by District Surgeon after having been certified 
perfectly fit for H.M. service by a Hertford surgeon and attested. 

Reward to Party on iinal approval of two Recruits, £12. 12s. 

Subscription to the Rotunda Ball, £j. 2s. gd. 

" to our trusty and well beloved John Day, Esqr.," to be Captain of a Company 
in the 49th Regiment of Foot. 

Dated : 10 Mav, 181^. 


Diary kept by Captain Day 

On the voyage in a Transport to and from Canada and during the campai^'n (b) 
in which he took a part. Captain Day embarked on 23 March, 1814, and was back 
in England on 15 July, 1815. 

4 March. Received from Paymaster ^150. on acct. of Detacht. for embarkation. 

5 ,, Marched from Maldon. 

6 ,, Brentwood. 

7 „ Stratford. 

8 ,, Kingston. 

Guildford, Godalming, Liphook, Petersfield, Hilsea ; handed balance 
;^38. 8s. 6d. to Paymaster. 

3 ,, Embarked on board the Transport " Phoenix," No. 156, in Portsmouth 

5 ,, Dropt down to Spithead. 

9 ,, To St. Hekns. 

4 April. Sailed at 6 a.m. 17 officers on board — 9 of the 49th. 

,, Off Cork saw an immense Fleet come from the cove like bees from a 

hive. Sent a letter to my mother by a Pilot. 

1 ,, Came in contact with the Transport No. 81 ; lost their gig ; ours saved 

by exertions of men. 
3 „ Came on a gale, South, and continued to the 15th. 

I „ A boy coming down by the run broke a leg. 

•2 ,, Blew a gale. W. foul. 

5 ,, A wood-cock hovered round the ship, did not alight. 

6 „ A lad fell overboard, another leapt after him and both saved by the 

8 ,, Blew a gale — foul. 

19 ,, Wind foul. One of the Frigates had only 10 days' fuel. 

,0 ,, Weather moderate. Wind N.W. Passed the " Centurion " (675), had 

part of the i6th Foot on board. A messenger came on board with 

a note from the Agent of Transport relative to water, etc. A 

beautiful evening. Dancing on deck. 

(6) War was declared, on k 
to search ships was the ostensibi 
populated and with few troops t 

Before the < 

June, 1812, by the United States against Great 1 

; cause of war, but the real object was to invade a 

) defend its wide frontiers. 
; year four unsuccessful attempts were made to invade Canada. The first army entered near Sand- 
wich ; in less than a month the and 2,500 of his men were prisoners of The second army attacked Queenston 
and fled in confusion ; about a thousand surrendered. The next attempted to take Fort Erie and failed after a brief but severe 
encounter. The fourth army crossed the frontier near Odeltown and after some slight skirmishing took up winter quarters at 
Plattsburg. In the next year (1813) the fighting was more severe ; at the battle of Frenchtown an American army was almost 
annihilated ; the capture of York and of Fort George were the first serious reverses sustained by the British, and these were 
followed by a defeat at the battle of the Thames. Then came the glorious British victories at Chaleauguay and Chrystler's 
Field. Early in 1814 American commissioners were sent to Europe to treat for peace, and reinforcements were forwarded from 
England to Canada. In March Gen. Wilkinson advanced from Plattsburg, crossed the La Colle river, but failing to capture 
the Mill at La Colle, retreated to Plattsburg. On 3 June Captain Day joined his Company of the 49th Regt. at Isle aux Noir, 
near La Colle : the men of this regiment were known amongst the .Americans as ' the green tigers ' — a tribute to their courage. 


[513] 1 May. Lt. Bankes spoke us about 9 o'clock. I had written liim the preceding 

2 ,, Court Martial on McVeagh, 49th Regt. Mess waiter changed. 

4 „ Very violent and sudden squall from the West came on — sails shivered, 

men blown from yards. 
9 „ Began to ration 8 extra women. 

11 ,, Wind foul. Subscribed to purchase 2cwt. of flour and ^ a barrel of 


12 „ Laying our course. Jibboom carried away. 

13 ,, Passed a few pieces of ice. Sounded, no bottom. Fog all night, 

tinkling of bells. 

14 „ Providential clearing of the fog. Large mountains higher than the 

mast-head and a field of ice in view. 

15 „ Caught about 50 cod-fish. 

18 „ 28 sail in sight in the afternoon. 

21 ,, The Island of Newfoundland visible — a cold, uihospitable sight of 

snow and ice. 

23 ,, At present off Cape Rosien. 20 sail in sight. The Commodore sup- 

posed to be about to quit us. A few whales playing about in the 

24 „ Commodore quitted. " Rifleman," brig of war, spoke and passed. 

26 „ Wind foul. Commodore made signal for all ships to make the best of 

their way to place of destination. 

27 ,, Had a famous run from 8 last night to 8 this morning, when shipped 

a pilot (in good condition). The Brig " Phoenix " at hand. 

29 „ Arrived at 9 in the morning off Quebec. Did not go on shore. 

30 ,, Left Quebec in the Schooner " Citoyenne." 

31 ,, Arrived at Montreal. 
I June. Went to St. John's. 

3 ,, Joined my Company at Isle aux Noir. 

4 „ Wrote to my mother by Capt. Maule, R.M. 

2- „ Affair at Odeltown. Two Indians and one Canadian Voltigeur (c) 

wounded. One Yankee killed, 3 or 4 wounded. 
„ ,, Another affair at Odeltown. One Voltigeur killed and one wounded. 

4 Yankees killed. 

25 ,, Am°- Flotilla and Army retired. Report of the Am" Army having 

retired unfounded. About the end of the month Am"- Flotilla again 

came up to the lines. 
4 and 5 July. Attacks by our Gunboats on the enemy's not carried into effect after 

being planned. 
8 „ Reed, a letter from my sister S[usan] : wrote to her on nth. 

6 August. The 49th encamped near Brishan's. 

he wai a regiment of Canadian VoUigeurs (light infantry) was raised. 


[513] 10 August. Some skirmishing in advance. Capt. Magellan's horse shot, himself 
taken. The 49th marched out the Odeltown road and returned. 
Wrote home. Enclosed a Bill of Exchange for One Hundred 
Pounds on Government. 
27 ,, The 13th moved up from La Colle. 

29 „ The morning of the 29th the Yankee Army retired from Champlain. 

Wrote home and enclosed second Bill of E.x. for ;^ioo. 
Moved into the U. States and encamped near Champlain. Genl. 
Brisban's Brigd" . consisting of Indians, Cand"- Voltigeur's, 
Chasseurs, and the 13th Rgt. composed the Light Division : and 
the 3rd (2 Batts.) De Meuron's and 49th Reg'- 
I September. Expected to march on the ist September and put off from Capt. 
Downie having arrived and promised to be ready and fight in four 
4 „ Moved from Champlain to L. Chazey. Genl. Power's Brigade overtook 


5 „ Moved to within 8 miles of Plattsburg. Genl. Rob" s- Brigade said to 

be at Chazey. Fine effect caused by the numerous fi'-es. 

6 ,, Moved for Plattsburg about 8 a.m. Shortly after heard a smart fire of 

musketry on our right. Genl. Power's Brigade having moved by a 

different road. Arrived (Genl. R's. Brig-^"- ) at Bend Creek about 

12. Repaired the bridge. A few shots from the enemy's Gun 

Boats. 5 Comp>'=- left to protect the Bridge in the evening in the 

Town opposite. The Musketry in the morning was at Genl. 

Power's Brig''^- The 3rd seem to have sustained all the loss. 150 

or 200 killed and wounded. 
The night of the 6th and following day enemy occasionally firing. 

Burnt several houses in the Town. Two of the 49th wounded. 
The Companies moved up from the Bridge. In the night three Gun 

battery erected on the Lake side and trench made. 
Nothing particular. Right wing of the 49th on duty during the night 

of this day. 
In morning Capt. F's. Compy. on skirmishe- Party with Voltigeurs. 

Regt. fell in about 6 o'clock and piled their arms. 
Returned about 2 in the morning from erecting Batteries. About 6 or 

7 the Fleet known to be at hand by the scaling of their guns (d) ; 

pretty effect of the chain of Bugles sounding. 

(rf) This was the agreed signal of the approach of the fleet. The early successes had been achieved by small bands of 
brave men often without or against the instructions of the Governor, Sir George Prevost. But on the arrival of large reinforce- 
ments from England, he unfortunately took command in person of the troops. His delay before Plattsburg was alleged to be 
his desire for the co-operation of the fleet on the lake. Captain Downie accordingly brought his weak fleet into action under 
an enormous disadvantage, relying on an instant advance of the army against the works of Plattsburg. The brave Captain 
was slain and his fleet defeated. Sir George, when he heard the signal, ordered his men to cook ; some three hours elapsed 
before any troops under his command got within striking distance, and then Sir George ordered them to retire in S|)ite of the 
protests of officers, who offered to carry the works in twenty minutes. Such dis;;raceful conduct can only be attributed to 
incompetence or cowardice. 


[513] 14 November. The Left wiiij; of the Reg'- replaces the Right at La Colle Mill. 

Court Martial at St. John's the i6th. Fall of snow and good 

7 December. A man of the Reg'- frozen to death in a Bateaux coming from the 

Isle aux Noix to La Colle. One man shot at the Isle. 
15 ,, Stackpole joined — came by the " Benson." 

October 7th. The " Sovereign " Transport with about 300 souls 

wrecked on the Isle St. Paul in the Gulf. Two officers and 29 men 

of the 49th — only 5 men of the 49th saved. The others were of 

the 58th and 31st. 
31 ,, Skated to Isle aux Noix. 


2 January. Came down from La Colle Mill to the Island, replaced there by the 
right wing of the 13th Reg'- 
17 „ Went to Montreal. 

23 ,, Returned. 

30 „ Went to St. John's to meet Cols. Tolly and Morrison, had my face and 

right hand frozen. 

31 „ The coldest day I ever felt. Farenheit 31 degrees below o. 
14 February. First news of peace at St. John's. 

i6 March. Left the Island (2nd Division) for Three Rivers. 

23 „ Arrived there. 

23 April. Wrote to my mother. 

25 May. Embarked at Rivers on board the "Occonomy" Brig for Quebec. Lay 

the night off Batiscun. Stuck on the Richlieu. 
28 „ Arrived at Quebec and moved on board the " Sea-horse " Transport. 

4 June. The " Leander," of 50, the " Newcastle," and the " Acasta," and the 

" Perseus" sloop of war fired salutes. 

5 „ Blew hard, a boat upset, 3 drowned and one saved. 

7 „ Sailed dov/n to Crane Island. 

8 ,, Sent a case marked D R down in the after hold, containing 7 bo'^- of 

wine & 19 of malt. 

10 ,, Went on shore (Crane Island). 

11 ,, Sailed from Crane Island, anchored the night off. 

12 „ Passed Nare Island. A great number of porpoises as white as snow. 

The Bugles and Band the preceding evening. Counted 56 vessels. 
Observed the following No^- to have the undermentioned Regs. 
(here follows list). 

13 ,, Saw 2 vessels run foul of each other at midnight, then about to enter 

the Gulf. 
ai ,, In morning caught 2 fish. About 6 p.m. Private Cooper fell overboard, 

was saved. 50 sail in sight. 

23 ,, Passed a mountain of ice. 

24 „ Gale during night. 


[513] 25 June. Informed by the Commodore that England was at war with France. 

Our ships of war: the "Leander" & "Acasta," Frigates or line- 

of-battle ships in disguise, and the " Perseus " sloop of war. 

27 „ Saw two Brigs approach outward bound — spoke the " Resource." 

Bonaparte gone to the Army in Flanders. 

2 July. Capt. Brown and Mr. Richmond came on board from the " Leander." 

6 „ Informed last evening of a general action and arrest of Bonaparte. 

7 ,, More particulars yesterday of the action between Lord Wellington and 

Bonaparte by the " Perseus " s. of war. In the evening the 
" Nestor " and " Voyageur " foul of each other. The Royal 
Standard hoisted by the ships of war, firing by them all at i, and 
again by the Com. at 5. 

8 „ Saw Mosse, of Royals. 

9 „ Sent for Port Wine. 

10 ,. Spoke to Major Fulton. 

11 „ At 5 p.m. all masters ordered on board the Com^^- "Lightning" 

sloop of war joined. 

14 „ Fancy ourselves about 20 miles from the Lizard but the weather too 

hazy to see land. 

15 „ Passing the Needles at 12, a beautiful breeze. 


[Found with the Canadian Diary.] 

Pompous with a plenteous paucity of brains. 
Boasting of Cambrian blood in Cambrian veins, 
Graced with immensity and density of pate — 
The little hero of a little State. 
Lab'ring with speech bombastic, begs you'll hear, 

And thunders " Mr. " in your ear, 

" I may intrude, you comprehend, conceive me. 
My speech shall be laconic, Sir, believe me, 
By accident this night — brief let me be, 
I think I'm senior — yes, I am, I see. 
Of those who fought in Chrystler's crimson field («) 
And forced the boasting Wilkinson to yield ; 
And since our feats in bumpered plaudits roll 
I beg to toast ' the Saviours of La Cole.' " 

(«) See Note (<i) lu/>r«. 


[514] On his cold tomb posterity shall write 

Here pride and avarice lie whelmed in night. 
Guilliaume, the Hero of his own behest 
No more shall raise his haughty crest 
To bid his foeman yield. 
Ambition ne'er shall risk his soul 
Beyond his reason's weak control, 
Nor send him in a lit of gloom 
To his cheerless Barrack Room, 
Rack his weak brain with fancied feats 
Of glory in his famed retreats 
And Chrystler's crimson field. 
No bat and Forage welcome sound 
Shall cheer him in his earthly mound. 
Etc., etc., etc. 

A Later Diary kept by Captain Day. 

[It appears from this that Captain Day in October, 1815, left his regiment at 
Weymouth and proceeded via London, Colchester, Flushing, Antwerp to Brussels, 
to visit the battle field of Waterloo. He returned to England by way of Paris and 
Havre, where he " passed four days waiting for a packet."] 


Last Diary kept by Captain Day. 

1838. First symptoms of consumption. 

28 June. Leave of absence from Secretary of War. 

19 July. Went to London, taking Charles and Edward with me [William was 

at Walsall]. 
22 ,, Embarked with C. and E. on " Batavia " for Rotterdam, Arnheim, Cob- 

lentz, Mainz, Frankfort, Wurtzburg, Kissingen, to take waters. 
4 August. Mynheer Kaufman came to give the children lessons in German. 
3 September. Bought a pair of bay geldings (carriage prev. bought) ; to Munich, 

Innsbruck, crossed Brenner, to Botzen, Verona, Modena, Bologna, 

Florence, Sienna, Rome. 
22 October. Signer Eugene Pucitta began to give lessons in Italian. 


[516] 5 November. Took my son John Charles to the Bandinelli College, 12 boys — 
8 Tuscan, 4 English. 
I December. This day 50 years my kind Father took me to Sedgley Park (/). 
26 ,, Fetched Cliarles to dine with us — was well pleased with my two sons. 
5 February, o and 2 degrees below. Drove in the Corso, then saw the horses 
run (8). The Bandinelli boys saw from the Palazzi Ruspili, then 
occupied by the Queen of Sardaignia. 
19 „ Sold my two horses. 

12 April. Dismiss servant, having been away without leave two days and returned 
I May. Examination at Bandinelli College ; Charles acquitted himself very well 
— turned the Latin into Italian as fluently as anyone. 
14 „ Brought Charles from Bandinelli. Visited Tivoli, Florence, Bologna, 
Modena, Parma, Lodi, Domodosola, crossed Simplon to Vevay, 
Fribourg. The Rector assented to take Charles at his junior 
establishment at Estavayer, at Lake Neuchatel, after much demur 
on the alleged plea that "he could not speak French." 
8 June. Took and left my son Charles at the Junior College of Estavayer, 
6 Leagues. 

17 ,, Back at Kissingen. 

II September. Had the pleasure to see my son Charles at Estavayer looking well 

and comfortable. 
16 ,. Took leave of my son. Went to Nice, etc. 

28 April. Got to Estavayer and had the happiness to find my son well and 


4 May. Left Estavayer. 

14 „ At Kissingen. Edward looking very well. 

23 June. Got to Bath at 5, Englesbatch at 7. 

19 August. Left Englesbatch. 

10 September. Left Kissingen, taking Edward from Goldmeyer Family. 

22 „ At Estavayer — found Charles well. 

29 ,, Left Estavayer. Edward much distressed at parting with his brother. 

To Turin, Nice, etc. 
19 May. At Estavayer. Saw my two eldest boys well. 

21 ,, Started at 8 with my three sons — trip. 

16 June. Charles 73lbs., Henry 69lbs., Edward 39lbs. 

22 July. Arrived at Englesbatch. 

5 August. Took little Edv^ard to Walsall and placed him in Mrs. Richmond's 


18 ,, Kissingen, etc., etc. 

</) A Catholic school. 


£516] 1842. 

14 July. Englesbatch. Happiness to find my children well. 


17 April. Charles the 1st in the College [at Downside]. 

[8th June, 1843, is the date of the last entry in this Diary. Captain Day died 
on 3 September, 1843.] 

Account of Captain Day's Executors. 

[Englesbatch had been let by Captain Day to his brother Tom at ^154 a year. 
Forefield House, with adjacent field, brought in a rental of ^58 los. ; the house, 
6 John Street, Bath, was rented at £26, and the cottages, 10 and 11 Prior Park 
Cottages, were rented at ,^14 and ;^i8. My father's share of property in British 
Funds was about ^10,000.] 


John C. F. S. Day obtained the Degree of Bachelor of Arts at the University 
of London, and was placed in the First Division at the Pass Examination. 

Dated : 13 November, 1845. 

Thb Ukancc Press, SourHwicK, Sussbx.