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Full text of "Family register of George Christian Ritter of Leiningen"

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FAMILY REGISTER 



OF 



George Christian Ritter 



OF 



Leiningen, Rheinpfalz, Baiern 
Germany 

and his Descendants 
from the year of our Lord 1735 to the year 1905 




COMPILED BY 

PHILIP JOHN RITTER 

PHILADELPHIA, PA. 
U. S. A. 



WALTHER PRINTING HOOSE, PHILADELPHIA. 



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linm Hiahrr i^rii iSrils IT35 bis Eimi 3Jiilur ] 11115 



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2( 11 m e i n e T t e fi e n ?3 1 u t ^ n e nt) a n b t e n. 

CS'in ©riifi an dud) x'llle ! 

^ic ^Inrei^unt^ ^uin (2d)vciben einer A-ami(ien=(S)cid)id)tc, :'1ici^iftcv ober ©tainm= 
hawn, entftanb biitmvd), baf; nuiii tiit^lid) !L'eutc iac\a\ l)ort : ,/).lu'ine Gltern obor 
C^vo^elteni taiiien and) ooii T>eutfd)lanb, mie aber bic ®taM, &t'r Ort obor ^ao 
Jiiaiib l)ei|5t, uieif5 id) nid)t." 'Isielc uiil'feii ind)t, mic il)vo (^Jvof^cltcvn, oon ^e^• 
'3Jiiitterfeite ber Jainilic l)cv, i^ci)icf5en l)abcn. iHuf biefe ':?(euf!mnuu'n )o t-^ldcv 
tatii tnir ber ©ebante, baf? co ld)on unb uninjd)ciioiucvtl) iiuivc, uh-iui unfcvc Tiad)- 
tonimon )ac\a\ tonnten, lucr il)re 'isorcltcni unircii, wo fie l)cv[tamiiien unti luic fie 
Ijiefjeii unb unvo il)v ^^evuf obev (sicfdjiift mar. 1!)uvd) meiiieu 'i^cfud) iiiit iiiciner 
A'rtnulie nad) (i'uvopit unb befonbero nad) ^eutfd)lanb fanb id) and) cine 3cl)niud)t, 
bcu Drt UU1 id) i^eboven unb ex^^oi^en univbc, :\n feben, baffelbc 'iH-vlani^cn ^il• 2 telle 
ju feben mo niein "isatev lU'boren un^ evu^i^en uuir, i^leid) ftavt in iniv, un^ id) nn^ 
meine beiben 3i.ibne fubven nad) beni Cvt, nad) bev 3 telle, uumon uiein 'ivitev niiv 
fo oft un^ uiel eiviblte, niinilid) nad) t>ein 'Oceubof bei 'JUtleiniiuu'u, in ^ev r)i'bein= 
pfal,^; nad)beni miv ttovt aiuu'toniinen un^ ber banialiiu" '-lu'filier uu'o fo ^ienilid) 
alieo .^nteveffante lU'.H'i'^t unb erfliirt b'ltte, t'amen mir auf bie ('^)efd)id)te unferev 
3(f)nen ju fpved)en. A^err ^obaiui .Udrd)er erbot fid) ^ie ('')efd)id)te auf bem ))iatI)Q= 
l)auo ju SUtleiniurten burd),^ufucben unb mir nad) xHnierit'a nad),^ufd)iden, nnv^ er niit 
.sSiilfe beci i^errn ^^>farverc> non ',Hltleinini^en and) unrt'lid) tbat. Xuvd) ben t$ni= 
pfani^ biefev Uvtun&en nnlr^e in 3tant) c^efet.U eo ui untenu'bnien, einen 3tanun; 
bauni ober /5-ainilien=^)(et^ifter ,^u fd)reiben un^ ^ufaiiniien \n felion, ^a'^ ,^-unbaiiu'nt 
^a^u UHiv ba, ti"o tbut niir aber lei^ fai^en ui niiiifen, ^af^ id) iiber tien 'in'rbleib 
^er ')uid)toninien oon ^en .Stinbern tieo ("-K-ori^ Cibriftian :)(itter, ^ie mit ^en (iltern 
nad) 'Kuffifd)='].Hilen finb, nid)to erfabren tonnte. \s\)7 batte id) einen iHiifaui^ 
i^emad^t, mufjte eo aber mei^en (^)efunM)eit'^^lftan^ unterlaffen. "Jiad) (jrreid)uni^ 
uieineo fiebeuJiigften ^ebeneiatjre luurbe id; torperlid; \mt) geiftili mieDer hdftig unb 



JBoitnort. 

fiibltc ciiu- 'ix'nciftcniiui tiafiiv, imicvou ^1iad)toiinucn ciu Ci"rbtl)cil ^u [)intcrlaffcn, 
nun-aiif oin ic^c^• ^)iad)tomiiu- ^cl• uicr '~^-^vii?cv: '^'orcn^ 'i'l)ilip, C5l)vifttan, ^sobannco 
u^^ ,\obanii t^bilip ?)iittci-, cbbnc luni (^)oov(i (5bvii'tian un^ Ci'ini ^Hitter, ftol^ 
^lU•aur fi'in ftnf, iiamlicb ^ic1oo '^iucb ull^ ^cffon "siibalt, uun-iii man ntd)t miv Die 
('>)ol"d)id)tc feiner X'lbucu fiiiDcn faun, ioiiDan icinc ottUMie Weidnd)tc, lln^ uieifu'o 'Imi = 
pier Hf""!^/ ""i i^'i'i^" eiiu^nen ')iad)toini)ien, ibve 'Jiainen unD "Jl^rten itnb bie 3(bvelfen 
wo Die 'isermauDten umbnen, eiiifdu'eiben ,^u toimen. llm Dem ^eitc^eift, iiiovin luir 
jeUt uiobneii (^eved)t ,^ii uHnDeii, wo imin per X'uinpt unD (iiectrieitdt 100 ^Jieilen 
per ©tiinDe fiibrt; luo man leleiinipbirt, telepbonirt uiiD pbotoc^apbirt, fo merDen 
bie pbotoc^rapbifdien '^^ilDer uon nabe^u bunbert '^ierfonen pon unferen 33hitcnH"r= 
umnbten in Dem i^mi)\: \n fiiiben fein, fo baf? menn mir bie '-Befdjreibung eiiier 
^serfoii lefen, mir ibr '^^ilD nor nno I)aben. 

IMe 5(bfid)t ober ber oinecf be'o 'ini-faffero ift nid)t allein an\ bie Wefd)id;te unb 
S^ert^augeuljeit i^erid)tet, fonbern aucb anf Die C^uuienipart unb ontunft. 

/"yreunbfdinft ber '^sernninDten foil lebeuD erbalten unb gepflegt merben burd) 
iiftere'j ;-^nfammentommen, Durd) "^xMoeife ber ^'iebe \i[ einanber, burd) niaud;eo 
i^ute SlHU-f, bao bie AreunDfdiaft ftiirlt, luoriiber im C5"n(^lifd)en in " Cultivatinc 
Our Friendshi]) " i^erebet mirD. "Juicb Diefem tommt ein i'lrtit'el iiber 
" Natural or Moral Law" unb eine c\(\n\\: ^)ieibe von perlenDen 'llnn'ten fiir 
DJenfdien, bie bent'en. 'Jdleo biefeo babe id) ,^uiu"fiii';t fiir '^-ielebrunc-i ber l)eran= 
umdjfenben Weneration, befonbero ber xHrtifel: •' Mfditations on the Philos- 
(tl)hy of Life," ift ale 'i.'ebre unferer ')(ad)fontmen unb \\\ ber (5r()altung bes 
5tamme^ Ciemibmet. 

jyerner fd)rieb id) aud^ nod) einen ^J(rtit'el iiber " Hygienic," ober @efunb= 
beitciregel, uni ',um 'll^obl unb (S)ebeil)en ber ^)iittero bei,^utra('(en. (2in 5(rtilel 
iiber Mrant'beiten im xHnfani^ berfelben unD etlid)e ')(e^epte fiir ,SU-ant'l)eiten, bie Der 
Sdjreiber biefeo erprobt unb i-(ut gefunben l)at. 

;i-5egeiftert burd) bao 'Hsol)hpo(len feiner (Mefiil)Ie feinen 'Jfngebbrigen unb 

in'ripanbten gegeniiber, ()at ber -Iscrfaffev leine ^llJiibc nod) ,SUiften gefd)eut unb t>cn 

'Jiad)tommen ber ^'i^milie bes Gieortj tSljnftian ::){itter, geboreu 1760, biefeo "ihid) 

geiuiDniet. 

llni unfevn Deutfd)en ^^n'mniuDten ,^u lieb babe id) Den erften Iibeil Diefeci 

'-Pud)e'j in Tenlfd) gefd)rieben. (j'o ift unD bleibt eine fd)bne (j'rinnerunn an bie 

alte .s>eimatl). 4}ie '^•>efd)reibung unfereo ('»)eburtclanbe'>, Der Crte, Der 'i-^erge, 

Der ^Hboin, unb follte bie jiiiuu'ren '3iad)t'omnum aufmnntern bie beutfd)e 3prad)e 

nU erbalten in unferer ^■IsermanDtfd)aft. (i'o ift bod) fo fd)bn menu man mebr aid 

eine Zpradje faun, unb fd)liefH' niit Dem 2prud): 

^^sflege bie beutfd)e ©prad)e, 
Qvi)aUe bag beutfcfie SCort, 
3)er @eift unferer Skater 
2ebt in i()nen fort. 



Greeting to Our Blood Relations. 



i\Iaiiy dt" my blood fi'hitions, ('S]iooi;illy those of my iieiim-jit ion. 
know Ili;it cviT since I have been in America. I kept in connection with 
them l)y coiTes|)on(lence, latcf by visits and con-espondence. nntil 
nearly all of ouf celalions had been visited by myself and I'amilx'. and 
most of our iflations have been brom;ht closer lo^clhei' in IViendship 
by thesi' inlluences. This extends over a pei'iod of time of neai'ly \'ny\y 
years, (^uite a nnmbei' of i-elatives have been bronuht closer to'jether by 
bu.'-iness lies. 1 Ionc m\- kinsmen: I believe that blood is thicker than 
water. .My kiiismeii have had the pi'eference in business opportunities 
with me and in the case of many of tliem, theii- life's doings been 
shaped and made a success, through this intluence of i-elat ionship. 

We meet many peojjlc thi'on^h life who say that their ancesters 
came from Kui"o|)e or (iermany, but whei'c they do not know, and some 
(jo not even know the names of theii' grandparents. 'Idiis is easily ini- 
dci'stood when the descendants of four bi'others in foui' licnerat ions or 
one hundredyears. amount toa])out foui' Innidi'ed descendants. scattered 
all over the woi'ld. A thonyht came to my mind, that to kecj) up our 
relation and friendship, it would l)e very good to have a family history, 
so that future generations might k'uow their- ancestors and i-elations, 
and that this feeling that blood relations should have for each other 
should be continued to time indefinite. 

While \isiting in (lermany, I came into |)ossessiou of the history 
of our ancestors for foui- genei'ations back, of m\' own 1 have the foun- 
dation for the histoi'y of this book'. .\t the pl'esenl lime, lliel'e ai'(> 
se\'en generations, whose recoi'ds are wi'itten down in this book. To 
make simply a I'ecord of naiin's of births, mai'riages and deaths, would, 
to many, bi' \i']'y iniinterest ing readini:'. I lia\'e. tlierefo)'e. given a 
short desci'ij)t ion of the oriiiin of the name "K'ilter." the country of 
our ancestors, their familx' suri'ouudin<_:s. biography of I he li\-e.s as ne;ir 
correct as possible, also the life histoi'y <d' oui' i^'cnei'at ions. To kee|) 
with the spii'it of the age in which we live, there ai'e photographs of 
many of our relatives in this book. 



10 GREETING TO OUR BLOOD RELATIONS. 

To prolong the life of the present and future generations and con- 
tinue our kindred and make them luippy and good citizens of this great 
country of ours by adoption, the Ihiited States of America, you will 
find a nnnibei" of writings on Natural or Moral Law, that are very 
gratifying to one's soul. Some of the \\i-itings I liavc had over thirty 
years, and value tlicm like pcai-ls ;in(l diamonds. 

l^'ollowing the foregoing, is ;in article on tlie "Meditations on the 
PhiIosopli\' of Life" and hygienic iiiles, also a few remarks on the 
treatment of diseases, as experienced by tiie writer. 

The writer's object o1' all is 1o leave each of the descendants of 
tlie four hrothei-s, Lorenz, I'hilip, Chi-istian, Johannes, and Johann 
Philip Ixitter, sons of (Jeorge Christian and Eva Ritter of Neuhof, 
Altleiningen, an inheritance tlnit they can ])oint to with pride, and 
tliat is, they should read family liistoi-y. I hope that generation after 
generation will follow in the same honorable path, and that this sluill 
he their guide, and continue the histoi-y ol' future generations on the 
bhink pages in the hack of this hook. I i-c(piest, also, that l/ic pos.'^cssdr 
ol' a hook shall write in the hack of the hook the nanie of the [tei'son he 
shall will the book to after his death. 

Those of our blood relations that were not so fortunate as to I'e- 
ceive a German education and cannot read the fii'st oi' (ierman j^art of 
this book, the writi'r infoi'nis them liei'cwith that the only thing not 
writtcti in English is the description of the natixc towns and country 
where boi'ii and raised, and the older generation that came I'rom (ler- 
many and had no time or opportunity to learn the Iviglish granuuar. 
It is those that the writer had in mind to give the i)leasui'e to i-ead in 
the language they understand best. 

In writing the conclusion of this book I wish to say to the de- 
scendants of the Ritter family that they should hold this book as sacred 
nearly as their Bi])le, for herein is the history of their father and 
mother and also tlii'ir own. '^Pliis part concludes only my writings. 
This book is not concluded until all the blank papers contained herein 
ai'c lilled with writings of the liis|(»ry of future g<'nerations yet un- 
born, together with their doings and tlii'ir |)ietures: theref(»re, take 
care of this book, guard it against loss from any cause, lire oi' accident. 
Many persons have inherited great wealth b,\ being able to trace their 



GREETING TO OUR BLOOD RELATIONS. 1 1 

ancestry. Do not change any letter in your name that iiiighl be a 
hindrance to anyone doing so in cases of inheritance. Books are 
written and printetl to l)e read, and tlu\\" are read often if they are 
interesting to the person rt^adiiig tlieni. The author of this has tried 
his l)est to make this intei-est iiig to all eoiieerned. and liopes tliat he 
has sneeeeded to pk'ase the lai-ges1 nnmher ol' oui' i-ehitives; to please 
all. is an imi)Ossibility. It' any one of the I'amiiies lind that something 
eoneeiaiiiiL;' tlieni has been omitteck they ean enter it on tlit^ blank uau'es 
of the l)ook and send a eopy ot* tlie same to otiici's that ha\e the books, 
to enter on theirs. 'i'he address of the po.ssessors of this l)ook will be 
found in the Registry of Names. 



12 



©citeoloflte Der JHittcr ,"^01111110. 




lEtii Sittrr 



(£iii :)Jittcr, ber hod^ fciii Scbivert fiir (^i'fif)^^^ fct)aniuit, 

IVit 2Cort unb ®d)nft iiad) '!lBal)rl)eit ringt, 

(£in Ocutfc^eiJ I'icD gefu()liH'»U fingt, 

®cin cvftci? (^)[a^ bcm ^vifbd)en tniiuit, — 

Dcm fct)cnfct mm bcm bcftcn 2Bctu 

Den ^l^cd)cv bii< ^uiii i:Hanbc cin 

Hub lapr in nnffrcc^ i>3nnbe? ?i\([b'n 

^sbn tanfcnbmal ivillfommcn [cin. 




GERMAN XATIOXAL MONUMENT 



At the Niertrrwalfl. Erefted in rommcmoratinn of tlio iitiity of the German Nation in 1 S83, on the 
top of a terraced vineyard-covered side of n monntaiii, facinK tlie River Rliine. and HinKi'ii. soofeel below, 
The beauty of tlie landscape and scenery beyond is unsurpassed in Knrope. Architectural base of monu- 
ment, <S0 feet high. Noble figure of Germania, :!5 feet high, called the " Wacht am Rheiu." 



Wfiiraloflie bcr !Hittf> J^nmiltc. 15 



lEtti ($pbrt. 

■I?icf)t flrl)' id) nm ben Sciieii eui'c^en ©liicfee, 

5Jicf)t flel)' idi iini eiu fliidjtig (Srbetiflut ; 
@ib, ©wither, mir in ©titvmen be^ ©efd^icfes 

3)ent ©oifte ,^raft unb nieinem ^ter^en 53hit[). 
3)en ^'.fab be^ 9ied)teQ laf? ntid) ru^ifl fd)reiten, 

Db ftill bie i'lift, ob iinlb bie ©tiirnic uu'()'n ; 
Unb ein§ fltb niir, Wott, ,^u nllen ,^eiten, 

D bie id) Hebe, laf; ntid) (-((iidlid) fe^'n. 

"^nx ber ift arm, ber einfam jie^t bie ^^fabe, 

3>on bem I)inuie(i ber ii'iebe ©ncjel fltef)'n ; 
©ir, ©d^tdffal, ©onf ! bn ()aft in betner (Mnnbe 

23er Sieb' unb (yi"eiiiibfd)aft ©ec^en ntir iierlicl)'ii. 
D, 31116, bie niiv Stebe je ^efpenbet, ' 

2luf 33lumen Infe fie euiiti ge[)'n, 
2)afe nie i^r ©liid unb 3Bonne enbet, 

D, bie id) liebe, laf; mic^ gliidlid) fel^'n. 

©ic^', if)re ^reuben roill id^ jubetnb t^eilen. 

Wid) foil beicegen roa^ i^r ^erj beraecjt ; 
Sc^ raeife e§, nieine JBunben raerben f)ei[en 

©0 lanc^ fie milb bie .t>anb ber Stebe pfleflt. 
2Jln i()rer ^reube foil mein .s>ers fid) fonnen, 

5Benn melfenb nteines Wliide^ iMumen fte[)'n, 
Unb ilftre 5IBDnnen feien nieine 2Bonnen, 

D, bie id) liebe, la^ mid) flliirflic^ fel)'n. 



Wciicnioflic ficr JHittcr J?omilic. 17 



Safi IGan^ mtHcrrr Unrhatrr. ,. lplttiirMau^.** 

liciU in Diittcl^ti'uropa. 5einc Vdngc ift um^efdljr SOO Dicilcu lum ^lun? mid) 

3iiti lul^ 600 Wiiikn von Oft nad) 31>e[ten. '^^n ''}{orb=T^eutfd)(anb ift Mc Vmiti= 

fdiaft iiteiften^ eben, bic c^ec^en ^3}(ittel=X)eutfd^lanb ,^u, wo tiaiin iH-vid)icbonc 

'-in-ri^tcttcu cinfotuMi. i>ol)ere ^^erc^e finbct man aber in Sub=X'eut)d)lanti, ndni= 

lid) ttic foiicnannten ^^Inoldnfev ber 'vllpcn. Aunf ipauvtftronie buvdjfrcmcn bao 

altc iHitcrlanb. ©ie beijV'n, I'on Cften iu"d()lt: bic '>.H"id)fcl, bic Cbcv, bic 

ti'lbo, bic ~Ji>efer unb bev ^Kljcin, uHiI)renb ein anbevcv Maupt|tvoni, bio Tonau, ini 

Siibcn tljciluieife bus t)eutige beutfd)c ^Kcid) burdjflielU, tljciluieifc mid) bic C^hcnu' 

fiiv Ccftcrreic^ bilbet. 3IIIe biefc Aliifje flie^en in' '5 'JJiccr, nnb ^iiHir bic cvftge^ 

nanntcn ,^nici in bie Cftfec, bic iibvic^'n bvci in bie ^3iorb|cc, unb bic Donau cvc^icfU 

fid) in baci Sd)um^e -33icer. ®dinintlid)c finb auf Unu^c Strcrfcn fd)iffbar; (^m^ 

bcfonbcrci bcv !')U)cin, bcr mobl am meiftcn bcfa()vcn mivb unb uov.^iii^Iid) im 

Sommcr wnt) .s^crbft von ben CS'uropa bevcifcnbcn '^(mcvit'ancvn, bic auf (i"rhir= 

fiono^T^ampfcvn ben l)eiTlid)ftcn 'Jlu'oblirf auf bao ^){()cintl)al mit fcincn ~:l\>cin: 

bcri^cn, .Ulbftcvn unb 5^uv(U-uincn t^cnicfuMi. 2)as :'){l)cintl)al in bcr ']-^al,^ ift im 

3.\>cftcn vo\n .sSarbti^cbiriu' unb ben linn^cfcn bcc^vcn^t, nuibrcnb c'> im Cftcn an ben 

(Sd)iiiar,vnalb unb ben Obcnmalb l)inanrcid)t. 'i^cibc 'i^cvi^cttcn (bie i^avbt unb 

Dbenmalb) finb ungefdljr 15-20 Hieilen uom ^'Kljcinftrom cntfcvnt. !Daci :'){()cint()al 

ift cin vcidico, (^cfciVictec iHdcvIanb. iHuQ ben baofclbc umi^cbcnbcn "iicviU'n ci-i'(ief?cn 

fid) tleine bcfrud}tenbe ^luffc in bcu ^Hbcin. I^icfc 'i^crcu' finb mciftcn'^ bidmalbig 

unb auf bcu .sSo()cpun!ten unb ©ipfcln mit iicrfd)icbcucn '^^uvc^cn lU'tvont, bic aber 

bcutc mciftcuG ucrfallcn finb, bod) alo '•33ionumente ucrivmi^'ucr ;-)Cit cin bcicbctes 

,Scu(Vuf^ cinfti^cr Wrbf;e unb "-3.)tad)t barlci^cn. Unb fd)bn nuucu bicfc ocitcn fitr 

bic fricblid)cn ^cmobncr bicfco rul)iiUMi 4: bales i^rabc nicbt, miifUcu fie bod) bavtcn 

^•robnbicnft iierrid)tcn unb fd)iocrc iHbivibcn an bic tlcincn unb (Uof;cn rliaubbcrren 

Iciften, bic fcit ,^abrbunbcrtcn mm ibrcn ^in-ftcn unb '^^urt^cu l)crab bao ^^volt 

rec^rtcn obcr, bcffcr (\cia(\t, tncd)tctcn. l^cr Untcrabbaiu^ ber '-Isoncfcu unb bc^^ 

.'oarbti^cbirc^eo ift mit ^Ilseinreben, .Haftanicn= unb l)ianbclbdumcn bcpflan^t. 

9i^eitcr binab mirb C^k'tvcibc alter i'lrt i^'baut, befonbcr'o Morn unb 'ilnn^cn. 2)er 

Sanbftridj nailer bcm ^)iljeine j^n crgiebt .s^opfen, Xabarf unb ^^ucferriiben. 



18 Oencttloflic ficr SHittcr ^ominc. 



©a liec^t aii§o;e6rettet in ftet^ werjiinc^ter ^rad^t 

©in iDeiter ©otteoi^arten, «om .tiiiimtet reid^ bebad^t. 

SOag nur bas i^erj er^ot^et, luas nur ben 23litf erfreut, 

Sas finbeft bu [}ier 3(IIeg in giiUe anogeftreut. 

SJinflsum bie $8erge qiirtet ber SBalbev gviiner ^van^, 

Unb briiber fdiraebt bie Sonne in iFjrem fiellften ©lanj. 

®ie Inft'gen 3Jebenf)itgel, ber 3lef)renfelber glur, 

©ie jeugen Don ber Siebe ber fcf)affenben dlatux. 

2Bo finbet fid^ anf ©rben fo l^eimlicf) trauter Drt? 

9Bo flingt fo fiife jnni .^terjen ba^ biebre beutfc^e 2Dort? 

2Bo rcoget anf ben ^^Inren ber ©et^en ol)ne 3al)[ ? 

2Bo ift ju 5nn§ luib 2Bonne gefd)iiiiicfet iBert? unb J^al? 

2Co fiic^t fid^ alfeg @rf)bne jnni (ieblid^ften 3]erein '.' 

SacV an beg Sanbeo 3?anten ! — Xa^ ift bie "ijifolj am 5HI;eiii ! 

2i5er roeefe ido btr ber aBeefee blie^t, 
aOBer n)ee§ mo bidj'o (SJejrfiicf fjin^ieFjt. 
3?oc() meefe ic^ : [inft ber 3Bannerftab 
Unb ftof)fd)t bu an bein 3Jttnb ouin &tab, 
©0 beiif in Sieb id) jebenfallg 
3iod) frol; an bid;, bu fd;eeni ^fatj. 



®a?i ?anb, ba§ unfere 3(l)ncn [H-uio[)nten, ()cifU bie T^fnl.^ Don 5ntcr§ licr ; 
eG nun- fdion iiii '^^H'fil} ber ^Xomcr (^eivefen, bie eo ,/^MiUUinatuin" nanntcn, ull^ 
finbet uum nod) lieute in uieleu ZTlieilen ber ^)il)einpfa(,^ (irinnenuu^en unb opuren 
ber ^)(oiner,^eit, bie oor faft 2,000 3al)ren bovt fd)on .s^eerftraf3en nnh fefte 'i^urt^eu 
c^ebaut, \a Stiibte i^efd)affen unb beoiilfert ()abeu. 'I)ie Tdxiji ber '^l^fal,^ an A-ranf= 
reid) umr eine red)t Ijdufige unb 0(rof3e Urfad)e beci i'etbenci feiner GinuioI)ner 
flemefen, ba lodljrenb ,^a()lreid)er Mriege biefe§ ©renUrtu? )neiftenc ben ^rud tier 
IHrnteeu '^u erbulben I)atte unb nidjt felteu ^ie (i'rnte unter ben .s>ufen ber ^Koffe ber 
')ieifi(H'n ^ertreteu unirt>. 

Tivo Mliina ini uH'ftlidien ^lieile t>er 'i^fal^ ift raal), mid) ift Duo l'ant» uieni(U~v 
ertvebii^ tiai^ec^en aber reid) an I'iineraUeu, Moblen, (iifen, .SUipfer uut' 3ilbu-. 
Tiefe ']-U-obut'tt' unirt>en in alter ^eit menii^ lUiot^ebeutet, ^eun eo fel)Ite an 4^ran:.= 
portnutteln, nuibveub l)eut3ulat^e (5ifenbal)u unb l}anipffd)iff tiiefe G'rbfd)dl5e nut3= 



Wciicnloflif tier SHittcr J^nmilif. 19 

bar madien, inbcni fio titcfclbcn nacl) ^^-n i^rofton .^anbelciftiititt'ii beforbern, mo 
(^)euicrbfleif^ un^ tivport fio UHnter iH'vuH'vtl)cn. 

'i.^iele A^crrcn babcn fd)on Me '^^fnl^ vct^iert unb auGunirtii^o t>iV^u, ticnon am 
tneifton uin tuc C^H-lbcv, bio fio berau'spvcffeiT fonntcn, ^u tl)un luav. Tic i^litd; 
Iia)ftc fur''> "Inilt unb nil)im-cid)fte ;^eit ber '^.^faU wax uiitcv ticv ^Kcl^icrunl:^ t>er 
^uriiivften, bic in .s>ei&clberi^ refibivton. 

3(in fd)rcrflid)i"tcn wax co, alo im ^^al)re 1692 bte ')>fal,^ uon 't>m Aran^ofen 
l)cinuul'ud)t uni> t^riifUentlicilo alio betunitontien Stiititc uitb Xiirfor novbvannt, uer= 
uiiiftct obcv ^eritbrt nnirben, fo baf, uiole (i'inuiol)ncv fid) nad) anbcvcn ^'iinborn 
fUiditeten. 'lUele iV'HU'h audi nad) xHnicrita iHuoflango bes 17. ^,al)rl)unbcvt'o iinb 
'Jlnfangs bes IS. ^sal)rl)unborto. lUuo biefcr ;^eit ftanunt bic bcutfdio XHnficbelunfl 
im ©taate '^HMinfiiUianien, mo fid) ber pfdl^ifd)e Dialett bcv boutfd)cn 3prad)e bio 
auf ben I}eutioien Jai^ ovl)altcn bat, i)el)ec^t unb i^cpflegt irirb. 

(Seit 1825 c^el)i.n-t nun bio ')il)einpfal,^ jum .Hbnii^-eid) ^ai)ern alo bcffen 
,,rKl)einfveio." ')cad)beni ndmlid) bas alte ."oau^ ^ii>ittel'obad) in 'i^ai}ern aucifle= 
ftorben, tani bie 'Jicbenlinie untev bem Wurfiirften uon bov '^.^fal,^ auf ben bai)eri= 
fd)on ^bvon, mm ber iftonit^ "Diarimilian I.. ]S25, ben i'lnfaiu^ bilbet. "ikn alle= 
bem, baf^ bie '].^faU vow V>a\)\:xn alfo retvert unrb, l)at fie bod) oon 1800 ab (\an\ 
ert)eblid)e isortbeile lU'i^'iuibev anberen beutfd)en t'anben c^enoffen unb ^mav burd) 
bie uon ber fran^ofifd)en 'Kepublit iibernommenen C^efefte, beren Url)eber '1capo= 
leon I. mar, unb bie nad) it)m mit bem fran,^i)fifd)en "Stamen "Code Napoleon " 
benannt finb. X'iefe Code Napoleon fidjerte ber 'i>fal,^ ©emerbe; unb ^HeliiV; 
ono=^-reil)eit, fomie nnab()dni^io(feit unb Steuerfreil)eit loenigfteu'o oon ben oielen 
fleinen iHbliiU'n unb l'e()enc4)erren, bie bao Vanb unb bie '^emobner auofaui^en; 
auc^ murbe bamalo ,^uc^leid) bie allt^Mueine 3d)ulpflid)t eini^efitl)rt. .s>eute freilid) 
uierben bie 3d)ulen uon ben (^emeinben fiir alle ^lielii^ionc-ibet'enntniffe t^emeinfam 
oie[)aIten unb bie .Hird)e bat ben (iriifUen "j^heil ibreo (i'influffeo auf bie 'inniualtuiu^ 
ber 2d)ule uerloren. 

I)ie 3teuerpflid)t unferer 3U)nen mar eine fd)mere ^'aft. 'i'(id)t nur baf^ fie 
il)re 3(eder, .v^dufer, .vibfe', -^.^ferbe, 'isiel) unb .s>unbe befteuern laffen mufuen, nein, 
felbft bad Vid)t, M'o fie burd) bie 3d)eiben ibrer Aenfter empfiui^en, mufue i^emdf', 
ber xHn^al)l biefer 2d)eiben uerfteuert luerben. 'J(ber ba'o fd)liminfte Unred)t 
beftanb in bem foi^enannten oel)nten, ben fie bei ber trrnte ftel)en laffen mufUen, 
alo xHb(Vibe fiir ben, ber feine 3d)eri^en bann biefen ^el)nten Tbeil beo 3d)meif5e'3 
feiner Untertbanen einbeimfen lief^ unb nad) ber foc^enannten ,,;^el)ntefd)euer" 
fd)idte, 100 er eo uertaufte unb bas C^)elb fiir feine abliiUMi t^affionen uerpra^te. 
2)a'd l)eutii^e 3teuerfi)ftem ift eint)eitlid) unb aered)t unb bilbet einen lU'vingen 



20 (Senealoflic Dcr iWittcr Jvamilic. 

^sro.^cntfal? boo G^infoinnicno, unilivenb ^'cutc mit moniiUT al§ S'22o.()0 iUn-vdmivt 
nicbt boftouovt uu-vticii. Tor 3taat, tiic C^iomcinDo unD t^io N\tvd)c botommcii Dicfc 
i'lbivUn-ii, iibcv ticrcn ^iscnuentmiu^ fio ticui ~iHHt'c offontlicb :)(od)cnfcbaft ablciu'n 
iiuificn, ull^ Mirfcn ^icfc ".Hbcviben mir \\un alliu'n'cinon ".KuUcu aiuuMiuiiiM UH'r^clu 

I^ao ^.\)(unu"i)it.Mn in alter ^cit bot oiu vocbt traurii\eo ^-l^il?. Ta C(ab Co 
olio covton unti ^ii,sertl)e, prdi^te Docl) faft jetier oin^elne t'leine Stant fcino ci(U"ncn 
^IKihucn unb nad) fcinev cii^encn ^il.Hil)nnuv tSarolincn (11 Wultien), ^'ouio'D'oro 
(•") ToUarG), 5 Jvriinten=Ii:l)ala-, pvcul>ifd)e '4:()alov, AUonciUhnlcr (j 'i->al3cn un? 
o 'lkl3cn=3tiid'c, .Ureiuer, (Mrofd)cn un^ uiclc anl^crc lllimu'ii. 'ixnm MunDcl aiif 
ben ^A'lavttpliiUcn nuifUcn alio Dicfe ucrfdiieticncn Sertl)c uinc\crcd)nct unb mit in 
bon Miuif cu'noiiuncn lucvbcn, and) c\an] uorjid)tic■^ I)ie[^ co ba fcin, tier 'ix'tmu^ unir 
(\ax [m[[\c\ tint) bcv oivrtbnm leid)t. .s>attc ber i^auMcr fein (^'kfdidft noU,u''iU'n, fo 
fdinalltc or biefc '^Jiun:;cn in einen leticrnen ©iirt fid) inn ben Veib, luo eo oft aiif 
bein Uuu^en inand))nal tac^elang bauernbem .s>inmH'i^e red)t briid'te, aber nod) am 
fidieriten mar. .sSeute t-tiebt eo im c^tn^^eu beutfd)en ^)ieid)e nnr ein 'lliiin.^^fDftem, 
bao ni ^33iart iinb ""^sfennii^en beftel)t. (Sine fold)e IKarf ift etma 2.") (Sento nad) 
unfereut C^ielbe unb f)at 100 '^sfennic^e, ber "-^jfennic^ ift bat)er bie i^eriniifte .Unpfer= 
mnnu' unb obfd)on beinal)o fo c^rof^ unb bid' uue 1 (Sent, bod) nur ber oierte ^boil 
im ^^^.H'rtl)e. XHud) merben Ijeut^utac^e fd)bne '^Mintnoten, Maffenfcbeiiu-, ^^i>ed)fel 
unb (Sherfo uerauociabt, bie ben 'inn-febr fouiel erleicbtern. ^ao ivinu' bentfd)e 
(^x'lbmelen unrb oon ber ^Keicbobant rec-(ulirt, unb beftebt feit 1S71 in ebenfo i^ntem 
un^ fidjerem 3i)ftem mie bao ameritanifcbe, unb baben jel3t bie 'ixtnern unb 
Joiinbler ftatt ber C^ielbgiirtel um ben ^L'eib, ibre C^ielber anf ber ^^ant ober 3par= 
faffe unb il)re (5l)ed"bud)er in Her ITafcbe. 

Tao ift alleo anberc gemorben, baf, man l)eute fid) taum nod) in bie altc ^eit 
nerfetien tann, unb miire ec nid)t iiiec^eu ber alten nod) immer beftel)en^en lliiirfte 
unb ber oererbten un^ iH-rbrieften Ueberlieferunc;, iiuin biolte bie alten i^auern unb 
>>dnbler, mie fie tai^elaui^e 'I)uirfd)e unb Jisei^e ;^u Aufi unb 'iisai^en mad)teu, il)r 
Oanjcs :i>crmO(3en auf bent I'eibe trai^enb, uiofjl fiir ein udrrifdjce l13tdrd;en. 



Kjriuimjnt, n^^r Altlciuuiiint. 

(Sin Crt in ber ^)U)einpfaI,v ixtiern. T>er ba,^u iu'I)C)reitbc ^(euI)of umr nor 
nielen "\ahren Per ^ii.Hil)nfil3 unb (S'ii^entbum uon (^)eorit (Sbriftian :'Hitter, bem 
3tammoater ^er in biefem 'i-^ud)e 'i^efd)riebenen unb beffen "^uKbtontnien. 

XHItleinini^eu, ein Crt i>ou uut^efdljr 800 (^inmoljuer, ift eine proteftantifd)e 



s 







®ciiraloflic icr Mituv Snmilii". 23 

©emeinbe, ift c^elec^en in bcm ronuintifrf)=fd)bnen Seiniiu^er ^ijal, an cinev .s^nupts 
lanbftra^e, bie am ^)tl)ein iljren 'Jlnfaiu^ l)at unb fid) UH'ltlid) uon Stltleiniiu-icn burc^ 
pviiditnofle Ti>dlber bio mid) .Uaiferelautovn crftrerft unb bort i()ren (S'nbpuntt I)at, 
Sntleininc^en ift tierit()mt in ber Tlseltgefd)id)tc buvd) bio Aiirftcn non !L'eininc^en, bie 
bort hod) oben auf etnem fteilen iBerge iljren ']]alaft unD ^^oobnfil.i batten, unter 
bciu "^uimcn ^eininc^er 'Sd)lof,; befannt ift eG abcv, baf^ baffelbe bnrd) bie A^an^ofen 
^erftcirt nnirbe unD nur nod) ah eine ber grbfUcn un^ fd)onftcn 'Ihtinen ^eutfd): 
Ian^o baftcbt. ^as 2einin(^er ^Ijal i)at feinen 'Jlnfani^ bei 'Jfeuleininflen, ein Drt 
{)od) oben auf bem ^erge gelegen unb ge^ert burd) bie '){uine eine& 2d)[offeG. 
5^ort f)atte ein 3"^eig ber 3"«i"i'i*-' ^^'i' A-iivften liieiningen i()ren Si^; auf ber 
anberen Seite be§ S;f)a(eg, and) ()od) oben auf einent 'l^evgc, ftebt bie ^){uine ber 
^•iirften 33attenberg. 33eibe biefer Sdjitiffcr unuben non ben Aran,!iofen .^erftbrt 
unti ibre 33enioI)ner fliid)teten iiber ben dU)c'm unb blieben bovt. ;^unfd)en biefen 
fteilen bemalbeten S^ergen erftredt fid) baci enge 2l)a{ bid iHItleiningen, ungefal)r 
fiinf engUfd)e 5)^eilen. A-iix SIrferbau ift fein :')Jauni ba, aber fiir :^s"buftrie ; bie 
2.\Hifferfraft bes in XHItleiningen entfpringenben i^arlobad) mirb benitl3t; ec beftel)en 
ba gro^e ^yarbe^A-abrifen, bie ba§ rottje unb gelbe Gi)ronie, 1>a^:> bort gefunben mirb, 
in /yarbe ,^um 3(nftreid)en oon §aufer oerroanbeln. '.'(ud) nteljrere (i"ifen= unb 
2)ra()tnierfe finb bort in ^etrieb; in neuerer ,^eit ift and) eine Gifenbabn 
bas %i)al §inauf gebaut morben. 33ei 3(ltleiningen tl)eilt fid) bas %i)al in ^loei 
3^t)eile, bie Sanbfd^aft mirb etmae flad}er unb ift mel)r £anb ba ^um 3(derbau. 
2)a jroifd^en biefen jmei 3:I)dIern, eine englifd^e 53ieile meftlii^ oon 3XltIeiningen, 
auf einer allmdlid) fteigenber i>b()e, liegt ber 9teuI)of mit feinen fd)onen /ielbern 
unb 2lMefen umgeben, ,^mei()unbert 5(der grower ©emarfung unb fd)onern 'il^ol)nfi^, 
auo beffen ^-enftern man eine prad)toolIe 3[uofid)t l)at auf bie nad) Often gelegene 
£anbfd)aft, auf 3{Itleiningen unb bie Sc^Ioferuinen. 3tltleiningen [)at feine befon= 
berc-. grofie ©emarfung oon £anb, and) ift eo nur mittehndfjig gut, bod) erfreut fid; 
bie ©emeinbe eine? 3lHil)Iftanbeci burd) bie in bem 3:bal getegenc ^'snbuftvie. 

Stltleiningen erfreut fid) and) feinco guten ^rintunifferG. ^lUitten im Drt 
befinbet fid) eine munberoolle DueKe, bie mit (5ement unb 3tein eingemauevt ift. 
"SDer queKenbe Strom flief;t burd) ,^nian,^ig ^niei,^i.iUige ober fiinf (fentimeter Turd;; 
meffer neben einanber liegenben eifernen ^Hol)ren Ijerauo unD bilbet ben .s>aupt= 
beftanb beo il>afferc- beo Karl'sbadjoc; ^^a')i" '^ug u"^ '^(^h^ *-'i" fli*-1it ba6 Siniffer 
immer gleid) auo ber Ouede berauo. 

iSon ber (^)efd)id)te oon xHltleiningen ift bent 3}erfaffer menig befannt; eg finb 
nur gemo()nlid)e ill>obnbdufer unb C^iebdu^e ba. Tanad) ^u urtbeilen ift e^ axid) 
nad) ber 3erftorung ber X^ia[-\ entftanben. 



24 (geneolofiie fter 9iitter 5?omilJe. 



iKtrrhlirim an hn izck. 

.^ i r rf) f) e 1 m an ber (id, Ti""')tv 'ilnibiifiu uon C5l)viftiaii I'Kittcr unb GjeOuvtoort 
beifen .Sviutier, ^atob, (i()viltian, .v^einrid) im? '|.U)ilip 3- .^I'lttcr uiiD l:od)ter 
(ili)aliotl) ^Hitter. 

M i r d) 1) c i in an ber Qd, ein fd)oner c\xo}^cv Cvt, (U'loiu'n eine 2tunt>o otier tnei 
ent^lifd)o iDioilcn oftlid) Dom A^arbtc^ebivtu', in ^cr :)(l)cinpfal,^, 'i^aicrn, in cincr 
nnln^el•jd)bncn, rei^cnben (S)et^enb, l)at nniui"al)v 1,200 (i'inniol)ncv, ift cine proto; 
[tantifd)e Wenieinbc, l)at eine fd)one (\voy-,c Mird)e niit l)ol)ein ^l)unn nn? fdjoncu 
C^Jlodon. (i"o lietU an ^cv 'i'anbfti-a|H', ^ie imn Wiah^ nari) ^'antian fiil)it, l)at 
"■yalinliof an tier pfiil^ifdicn tril'enbaljn, bio von l)tain^ nad) ctvafibuvt^ tU'l)t. Xer 
Marlobad) fliefU t>id)t novboi uni) e^o ftelien t)rei ^3Jiiil)len an tienifelben, bie ,^u 
.Hird)beiin t^ebbren. 

i'ldcibau, -)lHMn= nnb Cbi"t,;,nd)t i[t ba'o .s>anptiu'ld)aft &er Ginmobncr. Tie 
/"yelbcr in ber C-HMuavhini^ ,S\ird)()eiin'o jinb uniibovtvofflid) in ^'aiu" nnb ('>nite ; ^el• 
'i^obon ii't fU'citvu't fiir alleo, iinvo man pflan.^t, ■i\>ci,^cn, 'Koc^i^en, 3pcl,^, C^Kn-fte 
nnb .s>afcr (U'beil)en fol)r ind; "il-Hnn i[t and) febr cmt; Mivfdien, 'i^irnon nnb iHepfcl 
finb bic .s>au ptobftUn-ten bio lU'^i-H^on mcrbcn. 

,S{ird)boiin a. b. (5"d. ('')eld)id)te: (5"g befte()t t^e(ienniarti(:( auo mei[ten'o fel)r 
i^nten {'*)cban^on, unb eo ficbt aileo fo au'o alo nuiro eo cvft in neurerer ;^eit cu'baut 
morben; bemnad) ui urtbcilen eo and) oon ^cn ^'s-ranAofen nntev 'I'ouici Xr\', alo 
fie iHllco in ber '].^fal^ u'rjtbrten, and) U'rftort unirbe. Da'o friil)cre .S\ird)l)eiin batte 
eine AeUnncVMnaner unb 'itljore, monon iwd) eineo unb and) nod) ein ^beil ber 
'31iauer ftebt. 

(iinft, uuibrenb bem Hriect snnfd)en T^eut)d)lanb unb A^rantreid), 1791, fo 
mirb eo er^iblt, nerfoU^te eine iHbtbeilnnc^ i:'entfd)er .Uaimllerie eine 5d)nmbron 
A-ran,^ofen; bie ^ra^^ofen fpren^ten tmrd) ba^ Dorf, ber .s>irfd)nnrtl) am oberen 
Tl)or mad)te i^affelbe ,^u, bie Aran^ofen maren in eine A-alle t^'ratben nnb eo ent; 
ftanb ein Wefed)t in Der .s>auptftraf;e nnb bie Xeutfcben batten bie Arauiofen in 
3tiide .U'rbauen unb bie A'rair^ofen batten ben A>irfd)nnrtb and) in 3tude c^ebauen. 

Tic (iinniobner von .S\ird)beim a. ti. (id batten, alo tiie uielen C^h-afen nnb 
A-iivften nod) in feiner "Itiibe reinerten, uiel ui leit>en tmrcb allerlei 3teuern nnb 
'.Hufla(\en, bi'o ',ur .jCit Otapoleon 'iVniapart'o, tier fie alle oertrieb unb fiub fie and* 
nid)t mebr uiriidi^etommen. Die c^ec^enmartige ^^eoblterunt^ ift, mie fiift itberall 
in ber ']>ia['^, ein freieo, lebenofroljee ^isolf },u nennen. 



i3 



3 




©cnfQlofltc Her Oittter JVoinilic. 27 

Srrtsrn. 

T r e i f e n, fritfiev 5\>o(inovt von ^solianncc ^"l^ittcr unb r^o(nirtc-.ort fetner 
.^inbtn-. 

Dretfert, etn feftr fd)on (^eIec^ener unb am i^utert C'^lcbduben beftofienber Crt, 
in bcr ^)^fieinptntv 3^atcvn, lint uniicfadv 1,000 CS'inuipl)nev, ift cine proteftantifdie 
©emeinbe, befit?! oino (\\ik .Uirdio niit bvci C^Hodon unb oin ncuco 3d)u[bau5. 
@clec^en an bcv (^ofu^n Maiferftrafu', fU'baut burd) Ouipoleon, bic non Avantfurt am 
Wia'm bh nad) '^Mirio fiilu't. Tic "i'fviinbad) fliclV uorbci buvd) oin fd)onc5 ^11^6= 
fentbal unb i^obt boi 'Ii>orntG in ben ^Hbein; bavan finb niev Dciiblen lU'le^en, bie 
5u T veil en gel)bren. 

"J^reifen liei^t an ber Sitbfeite beo 3lbl)aniieQ eineo MiiiulG unb ein 2i)al bes 
Drteo erftred't fid) bic iiber bao l:l)al. (i"o lie('(t uniuiiibv 7^ Kilometer ober o 
eni^lifdie "'Dieilen fiibbftlid) non bent Tonnersberi^, 2,200 ^"yuf; l)od) \ini> ift ber 
l}bd)fte '^ert^ bcr "^'^fal,^ unb bilbet baCi (lube be§ c'parbti-icbiriu'Ci "J^criVJt'cttc. 

2)er 35onnerGberi'( ftel)t fo ein,^eln bod) ba unb nwd)t niit jcincv niit bid)tbe= 
fefeteni bunfelflriincni 'lisalbe bebedten bftlid)en Seite ben (^inbrud etuiao aufjer^ 
gembl)nUc^ ©rofuirticn'o. T'er *i^erein fiir 'iserfd)bncrunt^ l)at ben i^rbfUcn ^I)ci( 
bcci Donnersber(iC'5 burd) iHnUu^e fd)bner A"uf?= t'l^'^ ^'^al)ruHH'\e unb fonftic^- '-Iserfd)b= 
nerungen },\i cinent '^sart i^cftaltct. 3(uf ber bbd)ften ©telle beci ''i-^eri^cs fte()t ein 
^oI)er 3tuQfid)t5t()unn ; non ba auG l)at man ein i^utbfd)aftQpanorama mie eQ felten 
gu finben ift, bas bei flareni "JBetter fid) iiber ben :"}il)ein erftredt, \\i bem Dben= 
roalbgebirfle l)inauf bio i^eibelberiv i)a^Rnfd)en fliefU ber :')ibein, mie ein Ianc'\er, 
breiter, filbermeifter 2treifen fiel)t er au^i, babci ftebt ber '^Dom ,^u '^^Hirmci. 3(nt 
fd}bnften aber ift bie baoorliei^'nbe uiellenfbrmii^e !i.'anbfd)aft mit ibrcn Streifen 
oon mebrfarbio(en griinen ^"yelbern, babei ift bie Umgebunt^ non Tveifen nur unb 
beffen Hird)e fid)tbar. ©eit feiner iBerfd)bnerunt^ unb mit einem t^iten 'Keftaurant 
oben ift ber Tonnerciberc^ an ©onntac^en unb A'cfttaiu'n ben "^H-mobnern ber Unu 
i^ec^'ub ,^um 'isercvuipnc^GpIa^e i^emorben. Isiele fommon mit ber C5ifenba[)n big 
Sur nad)ften Station unb non ba an befteic^en fie ben "^V'riv 

3( d e r b a u ift bie .s>auptbefd)dftii^un(^ ber (i-inmo()ner T^reifeuG. 1)er 
53oben ift burd)fd)nittlid) i^ut. '>->ei,^en, C^ierfte, ^)ioiv^en, Mafer unb 3pel^ 
finb bie .v^auptforten, aufu'rbem lU'ratben .v>anf, A-lad)o unb .Sxartoffel febr c^tt ; 
non let3tcren merben febr niele per '^^abn nerfd)idt. ^lsiel),^ud)t ift and) bebeutcnb, 
feine ^IlUefen liefern cine IK'enc^e fluteo Wrac unb \X'u; Obft i^'beibt and) febr t^ut, 
bod) ift ber -llk'inbau nid)t niel. Dreifen bat niele reid)e unb uioblftebenbe Cefo= 
nomen, ber .'oanbet ift nidjt fel)r bebeutenb. 



28 ®eneoJoflic Der Mitttv ^amiVit. 

i9pr Dmiurrslunui. 

j^-rei I)ebt in (^ottes freiev ijiift 
2)er Sufen ftc^ init munteni Sdiliic^en, 

Unb jeber i'ebeiiofreube luoi^t 
Qv frifd^en 'Siut^ee f)ier entiie(]eii. 

^ein (Svbenleib, fetn 6vbeuiue() 
S^ervjcf)! [)ier in biefen f)oI)en ^Kiiuinen ; 

©ein ©erj fann luifleftijrt unb frei 
Qid) iibirtaffen jeinen Xrauinen. 

SBerlani^eiib ipiilit ber [)elle ^iiticf 
Sinau'j in nni^eniefe'ne ^JBeiten, 

UnD ftel)et iibernll ein ^JJieer 
3Son reicf)en (£cf}at;en fid) Devbveiten. 

6v roinft bir [iebenb feinen ©rufe 
Unb jandj^et freubifl bir enttiei-\en, 

2)ann eilt er fort, ber ftol^^e ^)J()ein, 
SuIbDoU beflliid'enb aUertoeflen. 

Tin aber fc^ lueft fcof) f)inab 

Unb fie()ft noli "Slol,^ in beinen ^Heirfjen 

3Jeid)tf)nm, ^nfrit^ben^eit nnb ©Hid 
2^ren=innifl fid^ bie ^iinbe reid)en. 

®ein .s^anpt, o 33era, ftefjt ^e([ nnb f(ar, 
SBenn nnten fic^ bie SBetter tbiirnien; 

S)eo (id)ten .'oerrfd^ero miirbic^ 'i^ilb, 
^leibft bu bir flleic^ in alien Stiirnien. 



^rntutritttrtlpr. 

33rciiniiviH'i(er ift ein Cvt mit WO (Sininobncv in bcv ;1U)cinpfaI,^, 'Bniern; 
er bcfil.U cine pvotcftantifdie .Hird)c mit Wloden, cin iicrdinniiU''o 3d)uU)auo unb 
,^u)ci l)iiil)lcu. Tier .sSauptbctviob ber (Sinmobncr ift '^Md'crbau; bcv '^lobcn ift 
ftoUonuicife ctiiniQ fd)uicr ,^uni pfliicu'n, abcr C'> uiad)fon and) fdiuiere AViid)tc ^a, 
bcfonbcvG 'JtH'i,^en, 3pe(,^ ober .Horn, obcv ^)ioivu'n lU'nanut; in ben ^^biilovn UHid)ft 
vcidilid) ("')va'>, ba i^ibt co feinco .s>ou, unb Dao uiad)t bcu Cvt c^'cit^H't fiiv i^id)- 
,^iid)t. ti"'o ivib ba von jcljcv iol)r roid)c unb aud) ntittclnuifui^ vcidic I'cutc. I?ie 
(S"inu'ol)ncr finb in bcv "IJu-liViabl 'l.^roicftantcn. 

'■J^rcuniiVAicilcv, fciuo Viu^' unb Umi^cbuni^: Unt^cfiibr bvci eufllifdic I'u'ilcn 
obevlmlb '^kount(ViHMlci", in cinoin rciu'nb fdioncn '^^Mofcnthal, unuv'bcn auf faft 



©enealogic licr SHitter iTnmilic. 29 

alien ©eiton von eineni pradituoKcn "ilMiIbc uou 'l^iid)cn unb 6"id)en(niumon, bic 
fid) nont ©aum bev 'ilMefen l)od) in ^ic .v>ol)e evftrcd'cn, ift ^ic cntipviuiu'nbc C.uelle 
ber '^.sirinibac^, bie mitten bnrd) 'i^rcuniipueilev fliofU. Tie Onelle ift nal)o \\\ bein 
'Vfriinmer()of. Die (sjeinartuniv Dao bebaute :.Hdevlan^ liei^t nicilt an leid)t 
fteiju'nben ,s)iii^eln bio aw tien "iiMUtt, von bcin co non ,^uiei 2eiten bei^ven^t ift. 
liefer 'ii^al^ ift ein ^beil be'o .s>iu-bttu'bivi^ec>, bao fid) von 3ii^en nad) Oiorben 
bnvd) bie '^^fal,^ erftredt unb mit beni Donnevobevi^, 2, 2(H) ,'vnfi l)od), feinen '}[n<5'- 
lanf bat. I^er Xoimcvobcii^ ift nur fitnf ent^lifd)e llieilen lum 'iU-euni(ViH'iIer 
cntfevnt, man tb)i)tte faiu'n eo (iei^t am Tonnerobeviv T^er 'l>fal,^ev ^iHTid)bne= 
runi^ci='i>erein ervid)tete ^^(nlac^ou von prad)tiioUen 3pa,^iev(viniU"n nad) alien ^)iid)= 
tunc^Mi l)in, init lilseflmeifer unb ^Kubebiinfe iiberall. Xabin iiuui)en nid)t nur bie 
3^^veuni(Viieilev, fontievn bie iv^'VH' Uiiu^ec^enb il)re Sonntac^ciaucifliit^e. T»ie iUuofidjt 
uon '-l-iveunicvneiler nad) hem Donnerciberc^ unb bao 21)al binuuter ift febv fd)bn. 
3)ie (i'inniobnev non ^^reuniivneil finti, mie faft iiberall in ber 'i^fal^, ein i^efunbe^, 
Icbencluftit^ecv iv'iftfreunblid)eci 'Isolt. "iHTtebroniec^e finb eine prad)tiuille i.'anbi 
ftrafu' non 3tanbenbiibl bao ibal binauf Im oippercfelb ; and) fiibrt eine (^ute 
i'aiiM'tra^e iwd; ^t)rfta^t juui Donnerobercj, 33i3rftabt ift bie niidjfte (S"ifenbal;us 
ftatiou. 

Au'fi Batrrlaitii. 

aSerciiftmfiniiicf)! unb 3io)en bHi()en 

3lud) f)icr auf (^ritnen 3lueu ; 
2)er ©oiine marine ©tral)[en fpruf)en 

'■80m iMmniel ami), bem blaueii. 
(£-5 fingt bie 2)voffe( ()ier im 2Bnlb 

5^r 'iik'o non c^riinen ."^iretnen 
Unb labet ein sum 3lufent()alt 

3m ©(fatten, unter gic^en, 

T'od^ roar' felbft I)ier ein 'isarabie^, 

2)Ut alien feinen (Vreuben, 
2)a6 9JJand)en fc^on Derc^effen lie^ 

33om 3Saterlanb ba^ @d)etbon. 
gitufe jetU auc^ unfer flaiijeo ©ein 

2)em !^anbe ani^c()bren 
J'aG nno tjon niand)er Sorq' unb ^etn 

2)ie 5\-reil)eit fount befc^eeren. 
'S)od) Itebe, fd)bne ,s>eimat() bn, 

2Cie tijnnt' man bic^ Bevi^effen ? 
5)dtt' felbft man fern in (Wict unb :)(ur/ 

2tuf golb'nem Stjron gefeffen. 



.'10 Wcncoloflic tier iWittrr Jvnmilic. 



(gintraliuit^ itrr iFamtlb Sittm 



Wnlter knmmt ^u^ huts b^^n^tpt hn Namp IStttrr? 

2!cr "TiawK ^)(ittcr ift uui()l fo alt mic bio Wcfd)id)te 2)oiitid)lanlto. 'i\>o bcr= 
fcfbo ciUftanticn, i[t t)ein "inn-fcifier Mcico "::llH'vtco nid)t inocVid) (^cuicfen, \\\ cii^vun= 
bon, mic co il)iii and) nidit i^'laiui, auo^ufinbeu, auo ivold)cv ('^icc^onb iinb au^o 
uicld)oiii Crte bio crftcu 'isorfaljvon unfercr Aainilie faiiu'n. 

S)eii 'Ocamen ^Ttitter ful)rtcn !i\nite, bie alo ^licitcr ui '^^ferb erfd)ionen unb ba§ 
UHiren, unc uno bie C^icfdiidjtc Icl)rt, bie fveieu "l.tidinier, bie ,^imi llnterfd)ieb uou 
ben .sMirit^en, bie il)uen untertl)anii^ unnen, bevitten in ben ^\vie^^ \oc\m. xHno 
biefen fveien '^Didnnern bitbeten fid) im Ji^aufe ber erften o»i^')i"f)iiiiberte beo IH'itteU 
altere bie ')(ittev, ebenfo mie fid) in /f-rant'reid) au'S ben berittenen freien lluinnern 
ber Chevalier (cheval^bao '^^ferb) t^'ftaltete. X'ie .Uren,^,^iit^e liefjen bann ben 
llnterfd)ieb ^nnfd)en ;'){ittern unb X")i3rit^en nod) mel)r beruovtveten unb bainalo ent= 
ftanben and) bie 'ilUTppeii bev uerfd)iebenen 'Kitter unb il)ver AiimiHen, auf benen 
man nod) l)eute au5 ben in benfelben ,^u finbenben ilreu^en, .s>aIbmonben unb 
Sternen evtennen tann, baf^ bie 'Inirfabren an ben Mreu,^,^uiU'n t()eiliu'notnmen. 
Jamais tdmpften bie :~Kitter ,^u '].>ferbe utit 3d)niert unb 3peer unb ui ilivein 
(3djut3e truc^en fie '^.hihu'v unb 3d)ilb. T)ie Ci'vfinbuufl non 3d)ief?pu(ner unb 
3d)ief5uniffen nuutte inebr unb ntel)r bie '^Hin,^er nu^Iivj unb iiberfliiffii^, mie fie 
iibertjaupt bie i^efaninUe .S\riecvofiil)vunt^ iinberten, aber bie 'liitter blieben unb il)v 
foualer 3tnnb unirbe immer mdd)tic^er unb prontinenter. "OJiit beni 3tanbe eineci 
^)iitterci UHU- pevfbnlid)e ^apferfeit, Anrd)tIofigfeit unb ^reue ibentifd) unb biefe 
galten ^*)a')^"')'^ii^berte lan^ alo bie oor,^ui^lidjften 6igenfd)aften eineo :'}{itter5. ^su 
ben .Ureu,\^U(.^en l)atten fid) bie nerfdjiebenen ^Kitterorben i^ectriinbet, uon benen iier= 
fd)iebene ()ol)ec> '■.Hnfel)en unb '•l)iad)t erlancjten unb uon benen '\a einit^e nodj l)eute 
befteben. (^Heid)en ^){anc'\ mit ben ;'){ittern luibmen bie Knights (S"n(^lanbci ein, 
obc^leid) ber Llrfprung berfelbeu nid)t auf berfelben 3tufe ftanb, mie berjenii^e ber 
beutfd)en ^)(itter unb ber fran^ofifd)en C'hevalicrs. beiui unibrenb biefe non freien, 
unabhducViU'n ^I'uinnern inebilbet unirben, fdieinen bie eni\lifd)en Knights (Mned)te) 
in einein abbdutviien lNerl)dltniffe \n ibren Vebnoberren i^'ftanben ,^u l)aben. V'auc'^e 
nadj feni Diittelalter cntftanben bann bie auo V'euten alter Mlaffen gebilbeten 



(^fiiciifonif brr SHittcr A^omilir. .^1 

Drben, bereu ilJiti^Iiebcv cbcntall'o ben '^uimen l-lJittcv oil)icltcii uiib uon beueii man 
bic tiii^cnfdjaftcu ucrlaiu^tc, Mc init bom ^iict^'iffo :')iittcv )i)itonim iiniren. 'ison 
biefen finb ja and) inelo nad) xHmcrita ocrpflan,^t vcfp. l)iov i^'i^viinbet morben. 
Tie l)iev be1te()enben ^empeUI'Kittev, eine .HUifjc ber i^-reiiiuuirer, finb bie Oiad)s 
foli^T ber ini Diittelaltev in Ci'uropa gegviinbeten ^empc(rittev, nHil)rent> bie 
'^.vi)tIjiii'o, ^ie GohunbuG, bie :'){otl)e Stbler 2C. ()ier entftanbene Crben finb, won 
beren 5.TiitgIiebfd)aft aber ebenfatl^ bie eblen, iiovftel)enb enudl;nten (5ii3enfd;aften 
ber fitter unjertrennlid) finb. 



S)em (Sc^reiber biefer ©eneaIo(^ic ift e'5 ebenfalo unnuii^lid) ciemefen, gu 
cri^riinben, uio()cr nnfere ^isorfabren tnnien, ale fie fid) in ber ^){l)ein='].sfals nieber= 
liefu'n. (i'r meifj nnr bafj bie ^3-aniiIie ,^ur ^i'xt feine^ C^kofuuiters nnb 'isater'o mit 
Dielen ber ancnefebenften unb proniinenteften ;^-anulien beo ii^unbeo uermanbt mar, 
bat aber nid)t anofinben tonnen, moljer biefe 'lsernianbtfd)aft batirt; ba bei einem 
grof3en '^ranbe bee iHat()l)anfe'o vm 2Iltleiningen alle 'i^iid)er unb x'lften jerftiirt 
roorben umren, bie iljni uieUeid)t bie niitljige Stuft'ldruncj Ijdtten geben tonnen, fo 
roaren it)m tneitere -)Jad)forfd)ungcn nnnibglidj. 

§err §, "Riirdjer, ber gegenuHirtige 'Sefi^er nnb ^Beniol)ner beQ ''}Jeuf)ofQ ()at 
auf meine 2>eranlaffung alle nnr moglidjen iserfndie geniadjt, nieljr iiber bie '$>ox= 
gefd)id)te nnferer Aiimilie ,^n erfa()rcn, nnb er fd^rieb niir baranf in 1890, t)a^ er 
,^u ber Ueber.^engnng get'omnien fei, ba^ bie Jamilie ^Hitter id)on ini 17. )^al]X' 
l)unbert im ~')ieul)of gemol)nt l)at, 'ilniranf er biefe Ueber^eugnng bafirt, tann id) 
nidjt fagen, eo fei ticnn anf einen (i'dftein ober eine fonftige ,>nfd)rift an ober in 
ben (^ebiiuben, bie mir nidjt betannt ift. Ter Sd)reiber biefer „^ei(en fal) einen 
5 J-n^ langen unb 3 ^-u^ l)ol)en ilniffertrog, ber auo eineni rotl)en ©anbftein ge= 
()auen mar nnb ber bie '-^udjftaben (S. ^){itter unb 6. gjUiller, fomie bie ,>i{)re6^al)l 
1792 eingemeifelt auf ber einen Seite ,^eigte. 2)iefer ^rog er()ielt f einen ^iivaffer= 
jnfnijr aue einer 'i^eitnng, bie am einer DneUe auf beni ^Berge an ber 3ubfeite 
be^ 3:()ak^ fani, in beni ?er ')cenl)of liegt. 

3(nc bem ^IJiunbe meineo 'isater'5 borte id), &af5 nnfere A-iimilie ano Siib= 
Teutfddanb, auo 'i^aben ober :ii>urttenibcrg, nabe tier Wren,^e ber Sd^mei,^ tani, 
aber unuui fie jeneo Vanb oerliefien, ift uiir nid)t betannt. 

.s^ierinit fd)liei5e id) meine (i'rtlarung ubev Oiameu unb Urfprung nnferer 
gamilie, refp. Diefeo befoutieren il)eileQ berjclbcn, bie uno aiujel)t, nad;bem id) 
2(Ileo mitgctlje'ilt, nuio nnr \\\ erfoifdicn moglid) geuiefen ift. 



@encalogtc bcr iNittcr (^amilic. 



Srijuitrr htt Narhknmmnt ttnu ^^nrg 
(Ehrtattau Stttrr. 



(Sp0rg (Elirtfltiau Eitlcr. 

(Wcborcn im iJkuftof, 1735. 

llnU'v nr=Wro|UHiter ©eorg Gljnftian )){\ttcv, ber 1785 t^eboven tinirbc, mar 
ber (i'iiu'iUl)iimfv ciiio iiievtl)iioUen 'ik'liMl)!!!!!^ uon 200 'J(cfcrn, i^cuauut ,,bcv 
'O(cul)of/' in cincm 2[)al^ bee Marlsbad) in bcv 'Otdlje ber 3tabt l'einin(.■^en in ^cr 
^)^"l)ein:'l^fal3 in '^Vincrn, I?ciitid)lanb. T)erfe(bc umr iierl)eiratl)et nnb eo unirben 
il)ni ^mei .Uinber t^cboren : ein 5ol)n ®eori^ (5l)viftian, 1760, nnb eine l^ocbter 
l)oretI)ea l)lal^^aIena, 1 763. ©eorg 6l)riftian jr. bciratl^ete Qm 3d)reiner non 
"ilUutenlieini nnt) ®oretl)ea 'lluiflbalena iH'rl)eiratl)etc fid) mit Gbviftian -lliiillcr. 
Ouid) ^oln l:o^e beo 'initoro nntrbe fein i^elil.Ubnni ,^n i^lcid)en ^beilen nnter bie 
beibcn .Slinbcr nertbeilt unb ein jebeo erljielt je 100 iHder iiianb nnb bie i^iilfte ber 
C'iebdube bec> '3icnl)of. Diefe ©ebdnbe bilbeten ein grof;e?i ©eniert mit eineni in 
bev 'IKitte lieiu'iiben (•(rofu'n .s^of nnb ^^jniei 'll.Hil)nl)dnfer in benifelben ftanben fid) 
flei^Miiiber, ntit ber A^ront nad) ancinnirtQ gerid)tet, an ber Oft= nnb an ber 3l>eft= 
feite. Dae eine nad) Often c^erid)tete, non bem man eine fdjone iHncifid)t ino 
ti)a[ i^eniefU, crl)ielt On'org 6()riftian ^'Hitter, niein ©ro^oater, nnb in inefeni 
nnirben alC feine ."^linber (^eboren. 'JDie Webdnbe bee '■?teu()of Iiei"(en anf einer (5r= 
()ij()nn(^, non nield)er ans man "Da^ %l)ai bee. ilnrlsbad), bie 3tabt ^lltleiningcn 
nnb bie mdd)tigen ^Kninen bee alten (5d)Ioffeci ber A'drften non Xieiningen fieljt. 



(Srorg (El|rtstiau litter. 

©fborcn 1760 im *JJcu()of. 

(Meorg Gl)riftian ^•Kitter nnb feine A^rau (Sua, geborene 3d)reiner, f)atten bes 
trdd)tlid)ec> '^sermogen ererbt nnb nnirben bamalo aid febr niol)U)abenb angefeben, 
aber ^ie lange anl)a(tenben ilriege ^vifrf)*-'" ^eutfd)(an^ nn? Aranf'reid) brad)ten 
fnrd)tbare I'aften fiir alle 'ik'nioI)ner ber :'){l)ein='^^fal,^ nnb and) nnfere ©rofjeltern 
l)atten fd)nier unter Denfelben ,^n leiben. Xiao I'anti unirDe uon ben feinblid)en 
i^eeren iiberfd)memmt unb beren Solbaten fouragirten, pliinberten unb uernnifteten. 



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^iefe fcl)recflid)e .<peiinfucl)uiuOcuiorio von 17.S9 bio 1817. ^ann Mttn Wx^-- 
ernten in ben Csrtl)vcn LSKi un? 1S17 cine fdjiuevc iouiuu'rc^notl) im Wefoh^e. 
5)(ittIemHn(c lebtcn imfere (S)rof5eItcrn frioMid) unb (^litcfnci) mit ciiiaiibcv unb ee 
nnirben il)ito niele .^inber i^^boren. 3)ie »orcm)dl)nte .t^einifudjuiui bccvuiii iiui 
bem .f^rictu' uittcr bcr fvan^^iififdjcn I'Kepublif, ale. bie 6o(baten berfelbcn 1 78i) mid) 
Ci-Ifa^ unb l'otl)rinc^cn ^^o(\a\ unb grei()eit, Cyieid)Ijcit unb 33ruberlid)tcit pro!ratnir= 
ten. 3)iefe 33raberlid)tcit bct()dtic^ten fie bnburd), baf? fie fc^roere 3teuern iiufer= 
leiUen unb Sllleo «titna()tnen, moran fie ,s>anb let^en fonnten. ^ieo bauevte fo 
lange, bis fie ron ben 'isreufu'ii unb Cefterreidiern mieber ^uriidc^etrieben luurben. 
ijd) miU Ijier einen t^oi^ali e^dl)len, ^er jid; banuils ereignete. xHn eineni 
tritben, fd^neereidjen &^inter=9{ad)mittage in ber ^eit, in meldjer bie A-ran,^ofen bae 
^bal non Seiningen, in bem ber Oteu()pf liegt, befeht l)ielten, fanten bie ^;vreuf5en 
unb Cefterveidjer, befeUten einen l)ol)en .sMiger an ber ^)torbfeite unb erbffneten ein 
lebljaftes mrtilleriefeuer auf bie m'^n.^ofen. ®ie Aran.^ofen 5ogen fid) barauf nad) 
bein ^iigel fiiblid) uoni Oteu()of ^uriid unb antmorteten mit i(;ren Kanonen. 3^a= 
burd) fam ber 9ceuI)of, ber auf einem .sSiigel ,^nnfd)en beiben ^iveigen be^ '^rljalee 
liegt, in bie birette 2d)uf3linie biefeo 3(rtiIIerie=^ueUo. 03rof5iiater unb (sjron= 
mutter ^Kitter riefen nun ibre Minber utfamnieu unb eiltcn mit biefen nad) eincm 
ca. oOO ^2)arb6 entferntem ilsalUe, urn ibr I'eben ,:^u retten. 'Bk in ®cutfd)lanb 
iiblid), trug ©rof^nrntter ^Hitter il)ren ciiugling, ober 33abi), in einem ^^k-tttiffen, 
aber ah fie eine gefdjii{5te Stelle im ^Ti>alb in eid)erl)eit erreid)t f)atten, mad)te fie 
bie (i-ntbedung, in\^ bas 33abi) mciljrenb ber Alud)t auo bem Miffen gerutfd)t un^ 
mal,rfd)ein(idj auf ben 3d)nee gefallen mar. "su ibrer grofu'u i'lufregung, iHngft 
unb mii I)atte fie bao nid)t eber bcmortt. (^)rofuHUer unb (vh-of^mutter eilten nun 
Quf Demfelben ^lin-ge ^uritd unb bal^ fanben fie il)r ^i^abi) unbefd)abct unb brad)ten 
baffelbe in 3id)erbeit. Unt) ^a'^ ^.'ager auf bem friid)en, meidjen 3d)nee l)atte 
bemfelben nid)tc gefd)abet, benn eo unir?c gefunb unb ftarf unb lebte bio ui einem 
Ijcben ^Jllter. ^iliidlidjermeife murbe ber Oieuljof burd; biefe Kannonabe nid;t fon= 
berlid) befd)dbigt. 

Otad)bem bie A-ran,^i:)fen 'luriidgetrieben niorben nniren, t'amen ah ibre '^)iad)= 
folger bie Cefterreid)er in bao 2i)a[ unb bie ^u ticnfelben gebovigen mil^en Morbeii 
ber .Hroaten, 3laimniei n'. 'Kh Cnfel "iDiiillcr fie tommen fab, rief cr uoU 
g-reube : ,/^el3t fommt unfer bcutfd)er ^^iruber I" XHber lei?er imifUe er f einen 
^rrtbum balb einfeljen, benn fobalb biefe "i^anbe in Den \1ieubof einge^vungelI \mv, 
ri| fie ben 'lkraol)nern bie Sd)ube von ben Aiifu'n unb ^ie ,S\lei^er uom Veibe. 

^sm ^sal)re 1800 iibernabni Ocapoleon ^^Mmapartc bie ^liegierung uon Aranf= 
reid) unb anneetirte bie X^ia[\ unb bann uuirnen Wrofuuiter ^Kitter'o 'Siibne fiir 



36 ©eneofoflie ber Mitttv Somilie. 

bie fi-an^olild)o iHvmcc au'5iu'[)oben. ^'oren,^, 'i>l)i(ip unt) ,^o()annco inufUcn uiu^e= 
fiil)v 1810 in Pic :Hrincc cintrctoii. Tic ^Kcc^iincnter, ,^u Pcncu fie cu'bortcn, 
unirben itn /vebruav 1812 iiad) ^)iufUanti comuianPirt. Oi0l)rtnnc'o, mcin ^initcr, 
hu^ Painale frant' im .oofpital in 'ixniloc'(nc am ").Ucovc, am cni'^lifdjcn Mannl 
belci^cn, er tonntc tial)cr nid)t mit feinem I'Hec^imentc marid)iren. iHbev im Hiai 
unirPc cv mit cincm auo r)ioconoa(e'5centen bcftcl)cntton '^VitaiKon fcinom ;'){ei^imcntc 
nad)iul^i"t't. 'Hih fie im 3cptcmbci- Pic vn|fifd)c C^ircn^^ cri-cid)tcn, traf bic ^)iad)^ 
rid)t cin, Paf^ ".Hcootan nicbcvi^cbrannt morPcn fci nnP baf^ "^uipolcon fid) an\ Pcm 
^)iiid,mi\c bcfinPc. '.Dicinco "■iMttcvo ')icivincnt nnivPc Pann nad) Acftnni;; Duii^iio- 
bnvi^ ncfanbt, luo fie blicbcn, bio 'Juipolcon nad) A-vantreid) ,^uviid't-(etrieben nnP 
bann Avicbc c-iefd)(offen uuirbe. 3ic t'cl)vtcn 1814 nad) .s>aufe .^uriid. 

il>al)renb all biefer Tsafjrc, non 1789 bio 1814, batten C^h-ofunitcr unb ('<h-of5= 
imttter :'1(ittcr in beftiinbiflcv Anrd)t nnP xHnc^ft c^^ebt, Pa fie nic nnifUen, mann ibve 
.Svinber nntev bic 3oli:>atcn c^cftcdt ober ein Tbcil ibvco (i"ic-(entbuino alo >UiciVo= 
(iontvibntion in 'J(nfprnd) i-(eiuinnncn mcrbcn nntvPe. 3o fd)limm abcv and) bicfe 
^sabre iKmefcn, eo ftanben ibncn nod) fcblimmcvc Sciten beuor. 

Siur srliiurrr 2rit ^rr Nutli. 

Tsm ^^al)ve 181G batten fie cine veid)c nnP fd)bnc (5"rntc in xHnofid)t, aber alo 
bie ti'vntcuHt bcrantam, nnivbc (\a\v^ tiuvopa non fd)nievcnt r)iei^cn bi-'iiniU'fiid)t, fo 
Pap, fie nnr febv mcnii^ von ibrcn A-riidjten cinernten tonnten. ^od) batten unfeve 
(^irofn'ltevn (\o\n(\ t^eerntet, nnt bio ^im nad)ften Aal)re \n reid)en, wo Pann eine 
fd)UHTe Seit Per 'Jcotb bcveinbrad). T'ie evfte .s>alfte Peo o^abveo 1817 ift alo 
eineo Per i^rbfUen "iliotbiabre in Per ('>)efd)id)te befannt nnP Pamalo erUu^en in Pen 
iierfd)iePenen Tbcilen C'nropa'o j^anfenPe Pent .s>niu^ertoPe. xHber 18 is uuir fiir 
nnfere C'h'ofu'ltern nod) fd)limmer ; eo brad) in ibren 3taUnniU'H eine 'iMebfcndjc 
ano nnP fie iierloren all' ibr 'KinPnieb, ca. 25 3turf. 2ie liefjen Pann iljre 
3tallunc^en veinii^en nnP Peoinfi,^iren nnP t'auften neueo ^HinPnieb, aber and) Piefeo 
erlac^ Perfelben 3end)e. 'Jiun antrPen alle rtaltniu^cn renouirt, t-\ereinii^t unP 
Peoinfi^rt unP nnePerum nuirPe ein nener ^Kinbniebftanb an(U'fd)afft, aber and) 
biefer nnirPe non ber 2eud)e babiiuu'rafft. Unfere (*«)rof5eltern nmren burd) btefe 
fd)iueren .s^einifudjunc^en erfd)red"t unb voii'u] entmntbii^t, umfo mebr Pa fie Purd) 
biefelben in fdjinere 2d)nlben (U'ratben nniren, nnb eo nnirPe ibnen tlar, Pafj fie 
Gtiinio tl)un mnfUen, nm fid), ibre A-amilie unP ibr (iii^entbnm ;,u retten. 

l£a lumuut l^tltr lm^ rtur mnir ?^rimatli. 

Urn biefe rt^lt t'am ein A-rennP meineo C^h'ofuHttero, ein .s>err "^len, nad) bem 
■:)ieu()of. Terfelbe nuir foeben auo ruffifd) ']>olen ^uriidi^'tebrt, uiobin er auf eine 



®ciiriilonic Dcv iHittcr J?umilic. 37 

(rin(a?un(^ ber ruffifdion ^){c(Vovun(i iu"(\aiuu'n unir, iim von polnifciicii CS'bcKcuten 
tm Stid)e iielaficncj Van^ ui iibcvuobmon. CS"r mar bcr (i'inlnbunt^ iicfoli^ un^ 
r^tttte brci 3tud' Va^^ uon je KH) xHdcr aiif 20 ^sahvc in ^].Mid)t cvbaltcn, fiiv fo 
gut mie feinen 'i.Midit^iii'o. i^v fud)tc nun Avcunbc \n feinen "^Jadjbavn unb offoviito 
eine^ biefer brci Vanbftud'c moincnt C^irofuiatcr un^ bicfcr naliiii bicfc Cffcrtc an. 
9}iein C^^rofumter iicrt'auftc mm join lii(U'ntl)uin unb 181!) ^oi^ or mid) "•^J.olcu unb 
ergriff 'ixMll.i non bcni fiir il)n uon .v>crrn Oicu au5gefud)ton 'iMnb. 

I'aficlbc [ac[ ungcfol)r 20 'Ilicilcn von ber 3tabt ^ll.MU-fd)au, ber .^auptftabt 
^voteno, im 2l)ale ber "^llH'idifel unb geI)ortc ^ur 2tabt Chm^ig. W\i ben ysamu 
lien unfereci ©rojiiHtterci unb bco .sSerrn 'lieu ging nod) eine unbere Aauiilie auo ^er 
^fttls nad) '^.Hilen. '^(ber nid)t bio (\an\^ A-aniilie unferec) C'Jrofumtero luut^ niit 
mid) "^'olen, ^enn I'oren^ '].U)ilip, ,"sol)anne'o unti ,\ohn '].Nl)ilip blieben in ber '^^ftil,^, 
bie iinberen fieben Minber uber gingen mit ibren (i'ltern mid) '].Hilen, bod) blieb 
6l)riftian bort nur ein ^s(ii)t unb fum bunn in Wefellfdjiift beo cS^errn "Icon mic^er 
j^uriid, ber in feiner a (ten .N>einuitl) G)el'd)iiite ^u reguliren l)iitte. (Sbriftian tiing 
nie mieber mid) X^okn ^uriirf. 

Xie (5"ntfernung nom 'Jteul)of bi^ mid) 0un,^ig i[t ungefiiljr 700 cnt^(ii"d)c 
^[lieilen. T'amuki gab eo nod) teine ^ampfboote u)ib C;'iienbal)nen unb fie mufUen 
bie hinge ^ieife in il)rem 'ilHigen unb auf meift febr id)led)ten -ilk'gen ,^,uritrflegen. 
®ie ^eife unir eiiu' fel)r UDigfame unb Umgunerige unb bie ^)(eifenben l)atten iel)r 
niele unb gro[;e 'lV'id)merben \n ertragen, aber fie famen fd)lie|Uid) gliidlid) an 
iljrem 'l^eftimnuingGorte an unb lieften fid) in ber 2tabt Wun^ig nieber, mo fie bio 
jum Gnbe iljrect ^ebenci uerblieben. IKein (^irofuniter ftarb bafelbft 1^80, bie 
©ro^inutter 1850, '^l)re Minber maren fdinmtlid) uerl)eiratl)et. 

fsd) erinnere mid), t>a\^ mir 1844 einen ^rief non C)itel Oieorg i>einrid) 
erljielten, in bem er melbete, txif-, bie ©rof?mutter gefunb fei unb baf, fie 44 Cfnfel 
unb 5 Urenfel Ijabe, unb ^a ^u berfelben S^xt ibre in Teutfd)la)ib Ieben^en oier 
Soljue 28 ^inber l)atten, fo maren bies ,^ufannnen 78 (S-ntel unb '> Urentel. 
Dnfel ©eorg .^einrid) fanbte 1846 einen meiteren i^rief, id) faun mid) aber nur 
erinner)!, baf; er fd)rieb, t>a^ bie Cirof^mutter nod) am ^I'eben fei. ^^.n-nn id) mid) 
red)t erinnere, fagte mir Cnt'el (Sbriftian ^Hitter einft, ^af; er fpiiler ei)ien ^^^rief 
erljielt, in bem gemelbet murbe, meine (*>)rofunutter fei ]■">■")<) geftorben. ,\d) babe 
oft bei !L'euten, bie au'o '•^'olen tanien, mid)geforfd)t, aber 0^iel)lan^ batte von iiniern 
bortigen iNermant>ten geljort un^ tonnte mir (itmae iiber biefelben ))nttbeilen. 



38 Wcufttlogic Iicr IHittcr J^omilie. 



(Srory (Ebristiau iRittrr. 

(^coxa, (5l)riftian ?ll\iicY mar ITfiO unb fciiic A-niu t5"ini, i^eborene 2d)reiner, 
17<>8 iicboroii. Sie ycvl)civatl)otcn fid) 17S0 uiiD lUici ^ic)el• (iijc cntiprojjen 
foliU'Hbc Minbor : 

1. ^'ovcn^ 'iU)tlip, i^t'bovcn 17^8. 

2. (5l)i-iftian, luniorcn 12. ,"sunt 17D0. 

3. o'-^')i^"iH"'Cv c^cborcn 2. 'Hiai 1792. 

4. 'il.luuibalcna, (U'lnncn in 1796. 

''i. oiOl)n '^U)ilip, i-(eboreu 24. :^suni 1801. 

'). C'k'ovtj i^cinrid), c^cbpvcn lo. ,"sanuar 1N03. 

7. 'Jlbain Wcori^, i^cbovcn 7. 'Huiv,^ 180(>. 

8. ,'oeinrid), ) _ 

,, ,„ . > ouiiUinae, aeboveii 9, September 1807, 

9. 3iarbarii, ) 

10. ®orotl)ca, (\dmm 9. ^uli 1809. 

11. Simon, (^eboren 12. September 1812. 

2lUe fdjon frii()er i^emclbet, nnmbcrten alle biefe .^inbcr, mit 3ru§na(imc ber 
alteften uier So()nc, mit il)ren ©Item im ;^al)re 1818 nad) rnfjifd) ""^^olen aiic unb 
liefum fid) in bem f'leinen Orte ©un,^ig nieber. 

^d) ne()me nun ben ';\mc\(\ ber A'^milie ?){itter auf, ber in ber ^fal^ nerblieS : 
Soren,^ 'l^()itip, !3ot)nnneQ, :^sol)n '^^U)ilip unb (5bri[tian. 2)ie brei ©rftflenannten 
blieben in ber ^^fal^ unb c^inc^en nie nad) ^KufUanb, nuiljrenb 6l)riftian mit feinen 
©Item bort()in (\m(\, aber nad) einem ^al)xe md) ber ^^fal^ ,3;uriidfel)rte. ^^e^er 
biefer uier 'i^riiber iud)te fein (^liid auf eiiu'ne Aiuift unb arbeitetc (\((\cn li'o()n in 
uerfd)iebenen Stellen in ber -^^fal,^, mit 2(u6nal)me be§ jiingften, ^o[;n '>^)I)iIip, ber 
bi'i leincm Cntcl '-Isalentin 3d)rciner, ctncm '^-^rubcv ber C^h-ofunutter 'Kitter, in 
^^reuniivueilov mobnte. Cnt'el 'inilentine Sd)reiner battc eincn fU'ofuMt ^i.'anbbefilfi 
unb ,\ol)ann '^^bilip butf il)m fieben ^^al)rc Umc\ bet ber (Sultiniruiu^ beffclben, bann 
Ijeiratljete er Matljarina Sd)reiner, bie ^odjter feineo Cnfeki. 



Wcneoloflic Her iHttter J^nmilte. 39 



dirnii \ih\{\\\ iStttrr, 

9teltffler Sobn hon ©corn CTIirifition iWittcr, gcborcn im DJculjof 1788, 
$?ovcn^ 'iU)ilip ^Kittev, ^cl• dltefte 3ol)ii wn ©eort;\ (Shriftian uub (5"oa ^){ittcr, 
{)etrat()otc un^ Icbtc in iMIbicil)^^!)! in ber '){()cinpfal^ in ^i-^ai)ern, '3>eutfd)lantt. 
£cine Man Itattc oiu bctrad)!!!!^)^''^ 'In'rinoi^en cvcvbt. (Sr betrieb ein 'JvaiKiport= 
(^cfci)aft, befbrbcrte Witter, nor^iii^lidi 3ilberfanb, nad) einer ca. 30 'llicilen \v€\U 
lidi in ber :'>{()einpfaU belet^enen (^Maofabrif unb brad)tc bafiir ©(aonmarcn nad; 
''lliannlunnt utriirf. (rr nmr in feinon C^iofdidft fcbr crfoU^rcid) bio ^io crftc (i"i)"en= 
balin (\dm\t nnirbe. Seine ^-ran ftarb im ^al}re 1846 unb ev ^03 [xd) t)om We* 
fdiiift juriirf un& Icbte ntit cinor fciner l:od}ter, bie oerljeirat()et roar unb in ^Dianns 
I)eim rooljnte, mo er ftarb. 

Sorenai ^:)]Ijilip 9{itter Ijatte brei 3of)ne unb brei ^od)ter : '^(jilip, 61)riftian 
unb gonrab ; Qva, gjUgbalena unb ilatljarina. Siefe fec^e <ilinber bliebcn in 
2)eutfd)lanb mit 2lusnal)me bes jroeiten ©o^ne^ g^riftian, ber 1853 nadj Stmerita 
fam. 



40 Wcufiilonic tier !)iittcr JVomtlic 



QIlirtBttau II iKittrr. 

^miitr Soljn tif§ gorcn? %^mp 'Mun; nrborcu in 9tl6igftctm. 

eiiriftian ^Hitter uHinbcrtc 1853 am "i)3cannl)oim in t)ie ^iseveimi^ten Staaten 
ein. CiT Icbtc :,uerft in rioxwid), Ti. ?]., wo cr l'i,\^ie aBcbcr ()cirat()etc. 
2)ann fani cv nad) ^;U)ilabolp()ia unb max w\f alC. ^^solivcr wn lliclicvmaaren 
bcid)afti(^t, abcr nuilircnb ber le^ten 10 '^al)re fcinco Scbcno mar ev in bent Mnd)t 
^i-afcriH'n C^)efd)dft feincS ^setters ^Ujilip ^s- •^^i^t^'i" cncvuprt. Gr ftavb int 3ep= 
tember 1885. Gl)viftian battc einen 3ol)n unb uicr Iod)tcr : 

®elia, iieb. 1858, bie 2B. SSanbcrt^rift I)eirat(jete, f)atte mit bentfelben ac^t 

^inbev. 

2\m, i^^'l^- 186^^ I)civat[)ete C^orace ^LUlUaniG. 3ie Ijatten feinc Minber. 

Caroline, (\d\ 1862, nerl)eiratljet an'^. 2Banibolb, feine Einber. 

©eori^e, iinuerl)eirat[)et. 

gouife, unnerl)eirat[)et. 

®elia, bie attefte :rod)ter uon Gbriftian 33. JRitter, fjeiratfiete am 30. ^Jdu^uft 
1876, ben Jism. i^. isanber^rift in Arantforb, ^^:^I)ilabelpl)ia. 3eit feiner ^iser. 
l)eiratl)unfl mar §err Sianbertjrift faft fortuniljrenb iut (^)eid)aft t)oo ^^settero feiner 
grau, ^;U)ilip ^^s. Siitter, als ^I^rtciufer tljdtii}. ®ao ^^niar Ijat je^t ad;t ilinber, 
bie fcimmtlid) am I'eben finb : 

(iJeori^e 'ii, geb. 5. September 1878. 

aiUUiam ^){., c^eb. 6. 3lpril 1882. 

Gli.Vibetl), geb. 18. Jebruar 1884. 

Clarence ^B., fleb. 23. ^uli 1888. 

Jennie 5JL, c^'b. 26. max^, 1893. 

g-Iorence, i^eb. 2. ^Hupft 1S1)4. 

^Barren C, geb. 5. .^^uni 181)6. 

2)elia, geb. 4. 3(pril 1890. 

©eori^e ))\. Tsanbec^rift, ber dltefte ©oljn, nntrbe TMidibruder unb belreibt je^t 
erfoU^reid) eine ei^ene ^-^ob^l^ruderei. Gr ift nerljeivatliet unt> ijat ,vuei .Siinber. 

SCilliam ^)i. ^i^anberflrift, ber .^meite ©o()n, ijt ^ik-rtdufer bei feinem ^Better 
^sljilip ^3. ^Hitter. 



Wciifoloflic ficr Jh'itlcr Jvamilif. 41 

OIIirtBtiau IJittrr. 

J^ltJcitfr Soljtt bon (^corn uiiB (fdo iHitter, flcborcii 1790 im 9Jcuf)of. 

(Sijnftian .'Hittci- uuivbc am 12. Jam 17".)<) im Occul)of bci :Hltlciniiu-(en 
geborcn unb erf)telt feme Sdjulbilbuni^ in 3lltlciniiu)cn. "^ludittem er bie odjulc 
Derliiffcn, ardeitete er auf bem ©ute feineo 'I^atercv im biefci mit feiner ^'^'"ilic 
nad) niififd) -^Htleii auouninberte. (S'r (\xn(\ mit nad) %Hilen, bod) (^efie( eg if)m bort 
nid)t lint) er blieb nur ein ^srtf)r, uunauf cr nad) feiner alten §eimatl) in ber 'Ht)ein= 
pfal,^, !l^cutfd)Ian?, ,^uviidtel)vte. 'J(uf feiner 9iudreife fjatte er mand)erlei ^e= 
fd)uierben ,:;u ertragen, benn er l)atte bie flan.^e 700 ^Jfeilen lange 3trerfe .^u 3""^ 
5uritd,^itle(nen, mobei er iJfterS in ben ilHilbern iibernad^tete, mit einem otein al§ 
.^opftiffen. 

'JJadjbem Gfjriftian in feiner alten ^eimatl^ aninefommen, ardeitete er in ber 
3JiaIjl=^IRuPe bee .'oerrn Sebaftian i^ammel in .Hire1)I)eim an ber (Sd. 3ein ',Hr= 
beitt^ebcr fe^te gro^eo isertrauen in i(jn unb er unirbe balb ber ©efdjdft'jfiitjrer ber 
2)iiil)lc, ein 'Jsertrauenopoften, ben er eine 9(n,vil)l non '3a()ren inne Ijatte. (Sx 
fparte Ijier feinen liserbienft unb ermarb fid) eine anfef)nlid)e ('^k'lbfumme. 3Sa[)renb 
biefer oeit mad)te Gl)riftian bie ^etanntfd)aft ber '•^s()illippine Dcmalb, bed ein^gen 
^inbeo lum ^-^einrid) unb 5Jiarie Dsmalb, unb l)eiratf)ete biefelbe. ^§re i^eimat^ 
unb il)r (5igentl)um lag bireft neben ber l)iiil)(e. 

'Ocad) feiner ^iVrI)eiratl)ung manbte fid) (S()riftian bem ®etreibef)anbel ^u, er 
faufte unb uerfaufte G)etreibe, mobei er baffelbe nad) ben gro^en '9Jidrtten in ent= 
fernten 3tdt)ten traneportirte. 'iU§ biefeo (^efd)dft nad^ me()reren Ji^')^"*^" iiuf= 
()orte, ein C'k'unnn bringenbeo ^u fein, gab er baffelbe auf unb roanbte fic^ ber 
£anb= unb Cbftcultur ^u. @r ^atte 2anb gefanft unb and) gepad)tet unb mit bem, 
roas feine Jrau ererbt, fatten fie genug non t>in ©iitern biefer iijelt, urn fef)r 
angene()m ,^u leben. 

6()riftian ^'Kitter mar 5 ^nif5 7 3oII IFO^/ Breitfc^ulberig unb ijatte einen 
n3o()lproportionirten .Hiirper ; er ()atte einen bunflen 3;eint, bunflec .viaar unb 
bunt'le 3(ugen. 3 ein ('>)efid)t unir runb unb noli unb i)atte ftetg einen freunblidjen 
Slu^brud'. @r mar gutmut[)tg, jouial unb in feinen .sSanblnngomeifen ftets reel! ; 
ein offener, freigefinnter 43iirger unb ein treuer, gemiffenljafter, religibfer @atte 
unb $8ater. 

^^ilHpptne D§roalb, bie ©attin beci ()ier gefd)i(berten 6()riftian 
Slitter, roar in ."^irc^I)eim an ber &d am 8. l^^^^it'i^" 1^10 geborcn. 3ie bcfud)te 
bie 3d)ule in ^ird)l)eint unb ba fie fe()r aufgemcdt roar, lernte fie fd)neU i'ftleg, 
roag bort ju lernen roar. %U fie 14 ^al)re alt roar, rourbe fie in ber proteftanti* 



42 Wcnfolofltc Iicr iliittcr J^omilic 

fdien ,<«ltrdie in 5ltrd)[)etm confirmirt. ^^Jaditicm fie t^io 3d}ulc nevlajicn, untcr^ 
ftitfttc fie il)rc lliuttcr in t^er .'oauc-.f)altuni^ bio ,^uin XMltcv wn 18 ^s^bvcn, in ^^:lr 
fie fid) mit (5l)riftian ^Kitter vcv()oiratl)ote. "st)v cl)clid)oc. Vcbeu wax cin fcl)i 
nliid(id)co ; ^iU)illippinc wax cine c^ute (5l)riftin un^ eine i^ennffenl)afte, freunMidjC 
unt) enevivfd)e A-xan. 5ie nun- eine uor.^iiglidjc §auol}dltevin unt) eine cjute 
.S^elferin i()reo (fatten. 

^Diefes X^aax l)atte fed)? .i^inber. ^a^^ ditefte, ein ."^nalie ^7?amen§ .•peinrid), 
ftavb fd)on ini 'Jlltev non nier "saljren. Die antieven, uiev 3ol)ne unf eine loditer, 
blieben am i'eben ; bie nier 3ol)ne nerlief^'n tiie alte .s>eiinatl) unti fud)ten il;r 
(i)Iiid in ber 'Oieuen ilU'lt. Die Iod)ter CSIifabetl) blieb bei iljien tSltevn. 

®ie Hintier von C51)riftian nnb '^U)iUippine fitter finb : 

^afob ^Kitter, c^eboven 1. "suli 1.S30. 

(Sljriftan 3iitter, c^'boren 1832. 

§einvid) 'ii ^'Hitter, i;(eboren 17. September 183o. 

^U)ilip '^ol)ann :'Kitter, (-(eboren 17. September 1837. 

(Slifabetl) ^Hitter, lU'boren 8. ^anuar 1845. 

6()riftian ^Ifitter ftarb am 24. ^uni 1863. ^s'" ?sal^rel864 befudjte .v>einric^ 
Jliitter ano XHmerita feine ^Hcutter unb feine 3d)uiefter. Diefer ^l^efud) brad)te 
^U)iUippine aiif ben Webanten, &af5 es, nadjtieni il)r (^kitte t^eftorben, beffer unb 
ant^eneljmer fiir fie fein miirbe, luenn fie and) nad) bem l^mbe cjincje, in bem bie 
meiften i()rer Hinber leben. 3ie befd)lof5 bal)er, mit ibrem 3ol)ne nad) 3(merifa 
ju tjeljen unb il)re 2:od)ter unb 'i^ruber millic^ten ein mit,^nineljen. 3ie uerfanften 
nun il)re gefammte .s>abe in Deutfd)Ianb unb in tur.^er ^eit l^atten fie ade^ ^cblljicje 
erlebi^t unb am 11. ^anuar 1865 fuljr ber Dampfer non ©uropa ab, ber ^ljiUip= 
pine unb ben 3ieft itjrer A-antilie nad) "Diem :J)orf brad)te. 

3Rad) einem fur.^en 33efud)e bei il^rem ©ol)ne ^einric!^ unb feiner ?;-rau, bei 
it)rer Sdjmdflerin ^-rau ^oljanneo ^Kitter unb bei ben A-nntilien il)rer ©djunic^er 
^^ilip S. unb ei)riftian ^Ititter in ^]^ljiIa^elpbia, reiften fie nad) il)rer ^utunftinen 
.s>eimatl) bei Hamilton, Dl)io. ©ie mar nun c^Uidlid), alle if)re J^inber mieber um 
fic^ ,:^u t)aben. ,;3()re :i:od)ter (glifabetl) uerl)eiratl)ete fid) bann balD mit :JIbam 
•Qammel unb '"l]()iaippine l-liitter fd)Iut^ il)re :ilsoi)nun(^ bei il)nen auf. 

^;U)illippine Donialb=^Kitter erfreute fid), nad)bem fie Mird)l)eim uerlaffen l)attc^ 
einer befferen ©efunbl)eit, mie je nor()er. DaG 3Ift()ma, an bem fie fo langc 
:Jaf)re gelitten, mar burd) bie Djeanreife furirt morben. %sl)illippine mar eine 
i^rof5e, rool)l9ebaute ^-rau uon buntlem ^teint, l)atte buntlee .vtaar unb 3(ugen unb 
ein mol)lc3eformte5 ooales ©efid)t mit einem ntilben, i^eiftigen X'Uiobrud. 



(ijrucologic Bcr Ih'ittcr jTnmilir 43 

diakiili IHittrr. 

©oljn Don CfdriPion iinti *Uf)ifri|)|iinc iHittfr, flcfiorcn in ftinftljcim nn bet (frf. 

3a!ob JKittor orl)iclt fcinc 3d)ulbtltiuni^ in .Slirdiljciin m ^a• t5ct unb ba or 
etn i^uteQ 0)cbad)tni|? ()atto imb fobr floijui^ mar, fo crlaut^to cr fd)iuil bic nbtl)ine 
®d)ulbilbuiuv l"o baf? cr mit 14 %\l)vcn coufirinirt mcrbcn iinb bie 3dnilc ucrliiffcn 
foniUc. (5'r [)alf bann feinem i^ator in bcr C^Jctrcibc^, 'liscin'- nn? Cbft Mnltnr 
unb nntrbe bnlb cin titd)tii^er Sanbrnirtl). ^sui iHltcr von IS "sahrcn c\uu} cr nad) 
ber 9u'uen ^Un-It, nm fcin Wliirf ,^u fnd)cn. (S'r fnlir ntit cincni cciU'lfcbiffc nad) 
dim f)ovt unb rciftc non bort md) 'Sutler (5onnti), Oljio, wo cr balb ^^^cfd)afti= 
gunti in bent 'l^m^\i fanb, ben cr crlcrnt l)attc. (5r arbcitctc l)icr fiir ncrfdiicbcne 
?^armcr ,^u foldjcn ^>.'bljncn, loie [ie banial'j ben ncu (iiiu^cuHinberten be,^al;lt 
rourbcn. 

lS5o bchid)tc er [cine tiltcrn in .^irdibcint nnb isr)6 fe()rte cr nad) ben 

iVrciniiUcn 3taaten ,^uriid. iUuf feinem ^Vsjege nad) bcm ^JiH'itcu bcfudjtc cr 

feinen Cnfcl, :i:antc unb ^in-ttern in is()ilabclpl)ia, unb fcbrte Mnn nad) ^>^utlcr 

Sountv, D., ,^uriid, mo cr fid) mieber init bcr ^^x'arbcitunii ciner ^-arni befd)dftirtte, 

,^uerft fiir anbcrc wnt) fpiiter fiu" foinc ciiu'uc ^)(cd)iunu^, inbcin cr fid) cine A-arin 

pad)tete. til- ocr()eiratl)etc fid) 1800 unb fctUe fcin (^)efd)aft an ucrfd)icbencn 

Crteu fort, bio cr fd)IiefUid) fcinc )el3ii-(C A-arin uon 125 ^J(deru tauftc, bic brci 

^Dicilcn nbrblid) uon 3eucu "itJiilc Station, ^i^utlcr (5ounti), CI)io, untnbcrfd)i.iu 

i^clegcn ift. Ci'r unb fcinc Aaniilic Icbcu uiobl feit 25 oa()ren auf bicfer A-ariii 

unb befinben fid) in ani^encl)men ^licrljiiltniffcn. 2ic baben cin fcl)r biibfd)co 

Mau'o mit ciner fd)onen llnu^cbung. 

^srttob ^)iitier Ijat bunt'cin j:cint, c\vc\]c bunt'Ie ::}(ugeu, buntleo obcr fcbmar^co 
.s>aar unb cin ooalec ('')efid)t mit angenebmen, intellegentem 'J(uobrurf. (i'r ift cin 
Qiitiger Watte unb ^iMitcr, iiberl)aupt ift cr moblmollcnb gegen mk. (Sv ift 5 Jyuft 
9 30II q,xo% moljl proportionirt, miecjt 175 ^^sfunb unb ift ein ftarter, robufter 
5)iann. 

Hi a gb a I en a, ^afob Mfittcr'g ,"^-rau, ift il)rcm (^)attcn cine braoe C^attin, 
i()ren .^inbern cine gutc ^hitter unb gcgen ^.Hllc gutl)cr,^iiv 5ic untcrftitl3t if)rcn 
©atten umder in all feinen Untcrnebmungen unb balf bemfclbcn burd) ftriftc Cct'o= 
nomie unb gute :ilnrtl)fd)aft ju eincm (5-rfoIge. 5ie l;atten 11 Minber, uon benen 
7 in ber .Hinbl)eit ftarben. 'Die nod) Icbcnbcn .Hinber finb : 

©bmarb, gcboren am i;;. Diiir,^ 1862. (^v Ijciratljctc, fcinc Crl)e ift aber 
finberlo'o. (S'r betreibt ein .s^otel in (Cincinnati. 



44 WciKiilonic Her iWiitcv J^omilic. 

.'Oenri), i^eboren am 5. ^Jouember 1863. (Sr 6lieb uimcrl)eiratl)et imb be* 
tDirlijfd)aftete in ©eincinfd)nft mit feincm 33ruber C2mil bie %axm jeiues Skaters bie 
^u feincm IJobe, im :^srtl)rc 1904. 

XHmclia, obcv (i'mili), i^eboren am 2. 'Oconombcr 1866. 3ic nerdeiratbete 
fid) mit ,^oI)n iHuiVoburc^ev, bcr ISOG in £}()io (^cbovcn marb. 3ie Icbcn anf bei 

■^.Ucafant 'iUem Stod ^^-arm in '!|.^rebIe (Sounti), C, nnb babcn cin .Hinb : -Kalter 

9(n(^obuv(^cr, l•^eborcn am 26. ^ebvuar 1897, bcr bis jclU ber cinsigc ©nfel oon 

^^afob unb "^liai^balena ?iVxtkx ift. 

(S'mil, i^cbovcn am 21. Jvebniav 1871. (Sr ift uniievI)civatl)Ct unb bcmivtl)-- 
fd)aftct tjcmcinfdjaftlid) mit feincm "i^ruber i>cnnj bie ^arm feine§ 5^^ater§. 

^sba, (-(cboren am '). Cftober 1872. Sic iierl)eiratl)etc fid) mit :^o()n ^. 
Cooper, lU'boren in 1S70, in 1898 ; i()re (S()e ift finbcrloo. ©ie Icbcn in Gbicaip, 
mo (ioopcr !i^ud)l)altcr in cinem c^rof;en (i'tabliffcment, fiir cine ti:ifenbal)n=Gom= 
btnation, ift, roo er fiir feine c3an5 ncrjiiijlidje liieiftunijofaljicjteit ein Ijoljes Salair 
bcjieljt. 

(Sli.Vibctl) 'DJialinba, flcboren am 2. ^anuar 1877. ©ie ift mit SBilbur 

^on(]ljerti) uon -^U'cblc (Sonnti), D., iier()eiratl)ct nnb fie mobnen anf ber ?varm 

feineS ^i^atcro, bie fie bemirtl)fd)aften. Sie l^atten ein Itinb, him jcbod) t3eftorben 

ift. 

®anicl, c^eboren am 28. Mai 1878. @r ift nod) nnner(jeiratl)ct unb lebt in 

(Sljicai^o, mo er ©cfd)aft'ofitl)rcr fiir cin i"\rof?cci i^^oljgcfdjiift ift, \>a^ and) cine c^rofje 

<Ba\l)- unb 33ilberral)men=^-abrit' betreibt. 3(m 1. l^anuar 1904 mar er 6 ^atjre 

lang in biefer Stelle. 

(!ll|ri0tttin IStttrr. 

Stneiter Soljn Hon CfJjrifition !Rittcr, geboren in ^trt^^rtm an bcr (frf. 

6[)riftian 9Jitter nerljeiratbctc fid) mit "J-rau i5d)mitt, friiber ^-rl. ii^omcnberg. 
(3ic moljuten in 'i^utlcr (Sounti), naije ber ©tabt .s^rt'^ilton in Dl)io, ftarbcn aber 
juni^, mit .'ointcrlaffunc^ einer 2^od)ter. ®ie ift iierbeirat[)et nnb mobnt in ,v>amil= 
ton, D., bod; bin id; nidjt im ©tanbe inemefen, meitcreo oon iljr in t£rfal)rung ju 
bringen. 



©ritenlonic Dcr iKirrer J?omilir. 45 

i^rinrirh iil. iStttrr, 

fritter @oftn bon (fdriftioii uiili iPOillippine iHitttv, flf6oren in ftirdjljrim on Dfr (frf 

out 17. Scptemfirr IS:},'). 

§einrid) rHittov crl)iclt Kinc 3cl)ulbi(^un^ in ,s{ivd)l)cim an ^c^■ Cid un? tm er 
fel)v aufcUMiH-dt, umr or cin i^utor Bdiiilcr, ^a■ fdiiicll un^ cuit lonitc an? [tcto an 
^cl• 3pit3c icina- Mhiifo ltan^. ^sni I'lltcr uon \4 ^a[]im uulv^c or in ^cl■ pro= 
tcftantifdien Hivd)e confirnurt un^ ucrlicH ^ie 3d)ulc. Gr arboitctc t'ann rtuf t^mn 
(^juto fcinco ^initoro alo Van^u1irtl), ^>Jcin= unt* Cbft^iiditcv. ^m I'lltcv von 19 
^\al)rcn i^nc^ or nad) ?cr ncucn '^iclt, urn l)iov fcin (''Hiid ui 1ud)on, unti i^ini^ nad) 
Cl)io, wo feinc '^^^■li^a• o,atob unb (5()viftian Icbtcn. .s^cnvi), uno luiv ibn nun nad) 
fcincr 'Jlntunft in iHincrita ncnncn luollcn, arbcitcte ^mei ^a()re auf oincv Aavni in 
£[]io, taut abev Mnn auf ^iscranlai]uuo( jeineo 'isetter^o 'l'()ilip :)iitlor nad) ^].U)ila= 
tiolpl)ia, uni t)ier Daci @eid)dft eine§ Confectioner un? ^^ce (Sreani 0Jiad)cr'5 mi 
eriernen. ^n biefem ©efd)dft aber blieb er in AoU^e einoo iliifuierftdntiniffeo nur 
li IKonate. ~D?ad)&eni er feinen 3>etter nerlaffcn, uiar or nie()rere ^a()re laui] 
8traf5enbaI)n=6onbuctor unb ,Slutfd)er. '3cad)bein cr biefe Ii:l)dti(^feit aufi^ec^eben, 
roanbte er fid) bem .'5otel= unb ii>irtl)cc-|efd)dft ^u, mar jobod) in ben erften 3'i^)i"t'n 
nur nid^iii erfo(c-(roid). ^ann nerdnberte er jebod) bie i^ai^o foinco Wcfd)dfto, batte 
befferen ©rfolg unb ermarb fid) 58ermi3gen. gr blieb in bicfcni (^efdjdft bio ^u 
feineni Tobe, 1893, 

•vonri) unu- mcrmal iHi1)eirat()et. 3 cine uicrtc A-rau ftarb cin ,\abv imr ibni. 
Sr fjinterltel ^tuet .^inber t)on ber ^raeiten m'l^ii, fiinf .^inbcr uon bcr bvittcn Aran 
unb brei .Hinber won ber oierten Jrau. ^ux ^eit feines ^^obeo mar bao jiint^fte 
.^inb brei ^abre alt. 

.'Qenri) 'Hitter roar 5 ^u^ 9 3oIf (\'^o[->, f^nt i^ebaut unb non buntlcm Tcint ; 
er I)atte i^rofn' buntle 3(ut-\en unb buntte^i ."oaar unb 3d)nurrbart. (i"r mar cin 
oiutcr G3atte unb i^ater, t^itber^iin ciei^en ^ebernwnn unb lief? fid) t'eine -3.)iiibe uer= 
bnc|5cn, main co (\a\.i, eiucni aciuhuc ,^u iiur.cii. ijic uHir icm cutia)lo|fen nno 
fcft, abcr fchr anc^enebm in fcincr 'Jluobvudouicifc. C5"v luar cin fcbv auficncbnu'v 
('»)cfcUfd)after, fonntc libcv allcrlci fcbv i^ut untcvbaltcn, unifuc in auiicncbnicr 
')lHnfc ('^)efd)id)tcn ^u cv^dbtcn unb nuu1)tc fid) baburcb uiclc Avcunbc. (i'v unir cin 
Avcinuutrcr. 

^enn)'o erfte A-rau f)teft ^Jiari) 'DJtetcr? ; ibre Gbe blieb Minberfoci. .<ocnrt)'§ 
jineite ^^rau bic|5 i\>ilbchnina .vieffcrid, i^borcn in Aanibunv 3ic bcivatbcicn am 
11. '^uni 1S65 unb l^atten brei Jlinber, uon bcncn jebod) nur ,:;uici am \ieben 
blieben : 



46 («cnfa(onif iicr JWittcr ;?ntiti(ie. 

i}[nm Hiari), geboven am 28. 'Mm 1^68 uub iievl)eirat()et an gtjarles 3ellg. 
©ie ()abcn cine 'l:od)ter, t)ie je^t 17 3al)re alt ift. 

(S[)arlee, fleboren 14. Dftober 1870. tMkb uniierl)eirat()et unti ftarb im 

gZooemba- 1908. 

A>enn)''5 tiritte Avan wax ^JJari) 3Soi(\t. 2ie l)atten fiinf .^inlicr, luiiiUid) : 

301)11 ©ottlicb, geb. 18. Jebruar 1874. tSr ift uniierl)eiratl)et unti ein ^iscv^ 
tdufer t)er ^^i. 3. ^Hitter gonfernen (Somp. 

Sovotljea Glifabetl), geboren '■'. oiuni 1877. '^\t um)erbeirat()et. 

^^f)ilip i^., geboren 1-1. September 1878. (S'r i[t uni)erl)eiratl)et nnb Glerf 
fiir bte X^. '^. ^Kitter (ionferoen (Somp. 

'L'ouife, geboren 4. xHugiift 1882. Unoerbeiratljet unb bet ber ^. Oi- .^^itter 
(ionferoen (5oinp. befdiiiftigt. 

XHu'j .s>enn)''5 vierter (^(je mit Glifabetl) '^Jiari) 'i^iid)lin entfprangen folgenbe 
brei Minber : 

J-reberid "soI)n, geboren 20. ^nni 188(;. Derfelbe ift 'ilrd)itett. 

Ji>illiam ^ilHifI)ington, geboren 24. xHpril 1887, 

i^ermina, geboren 17. ^ihiguft 1890, 



(^encalanic licr iNittcr (vomilte. 



3h\m IJlitltp iRtttrr, 

SBtcrter Sol)n bon (^hrifilion una *45l)i(lipiiinc iHittcr, nrboicn ben 17. ScHtcmbrr 

l.s:}( in Mird^Oeim on ber Qi 

^ovfolbc crl)ielt feine (Sd}ulbiltiiint^ in ,Uirri)l)cini, uui or uoiit (>. im mm 14. 
^aI)ro bio 3cl)ulo befud)te. Da or luio foiuo '-l^riitiov aufc^ouioctt unt) c^olol)vii^ mav, 
nnirbo or ball> oin i^uter 3d)iilov, bov ftoto an bov 3pil3o feinor .Hlaffo ftant) ; 14 
!jal)vo alt, nnivbo or in bor protoftantifcbon ,S\ird)o oonfirntirt. ~'Jiad)tioni or bio 
(Sdinlo iH-rlaffon, arboitoto or, uno joino 'i^riibor, an] bom iHninoion foino'o 'initoro 
iinb unirbo I'anbuiirtb, 'Ii^oin= unb Ob[t^iid)tor, bio or fa[t 21 ^V^l)^'^-' <^^^ "-''^i'. 
1858 norliof^ or foino .N>oiniatl) nub foino (Sitorn unb tani nad) bon ^Isor. Staaton. 
CSr bojudjto ,^uorjt jomon 'i^rubor .s^oinrtd; unb bojjon 7si'(\n in ^|>I)iIaboI^ 
pf)ia, jomio loinon Cutol ^sol)n ')(ittor, ioino Tanto unb foino 'rn'ttorn nub bliob 
miibronb biofoo ',Hufoutl)altci in '•^U)ilabolpl)ia S ^otu' in ihroni >>aufo. 

-Ison '].U)ilaboipl)ia roi[to or nad) Hamilton, Cbio, moldio ')(oilo 5 'IJai^o bauorto. 
®ort traf or foinou '.l^rubor. (i"r arboitoto broi ^sabro {a\\(\ auf bor Aarin boei 
^"iorrn ^i'-''')" A'lcnnor, uiofiir or oinon Ijalbon 3}oUar por ^ai^ unb Moft unb Yoc\vj 
erI)iolt. (i"r fparto foinou 'Isorbionft unb nad) 'isorlauf non broi o^abron mar or im 
Staubo, fid) oin Wofpanu '|^forbo unb ^"varnu^ordtljo ,^u laufou, oino Aarni ,^u 
niiotbon unb fein O)ofd)aft fiir eii^mo 'Kod)nunt:\ ,^u bortinnou. Um fid) bao Vobon 
aui^-nobnu'r unb ortriii^lid) },n mad)ou, lub or foinou 3d)a^, ^vl. Matbariiui '.l^onl), 
oin au'o Toutfd)lanb ^n ibm ,^u touniuMi. Tiofo foli^o foiuor C^iulabuiuv taui bior^ 
l)or unb bio 'lvorl)oiratl)unt:; faub balb ftatt. 'Ouid) broi ^al)ren l)artor '.Hrboit auf 
bor i^omiot[)cton A^arm, mit bor Milfo foiner (^attin uut in aoIi^o bor bobou ^vroifc 
fiir Aarmprobutto, niolcbo in aoKu" boo I'KoboUionofriot^O'o l)errfd)tou, mar "sobn 
^^sljilip im 3tanbo )nit foinom 3d)mai)or '^(bam .'oammol, bor uon Doutfd)lanb 
anc^efommcn mar, alo '^Hirtuer, oine '^avm von 184 iHd'orn },n faufou unb boibo 
bomirti)fci)aftotou biefolbe bann focbo ^\a')vo I n(\ init c^roHom Ci'rfoU^ \n allfoitifU'r 
;-)ufrioboul)oit. 'Jliu (S'nbe ber fod)o ^ai)\-i: nmrbo bio '^MU'tiu'rf()ip mit cuH^onfoitiiU'v 
ouftimmuufl in ^reunbfd)aft auffloloft. .s>orr 'J(bam .s^ammol faufto fid) oine Aavm 
nal)or an ^^amilton, D., boloc^on, unb ^soi)n X^{]\{\p faufto .'oanimol'o 'Jlntboil an 
bor '|.HU-tnorfd)aft an'-':i u)ib bomirtbfd)aftoto bio Aurm bann bio 1877, moboi or fid) 
aud) nodj )nit >>ol^baubol bofafUo. ^m ^\abro 1875 t^il' ftino C^iofuubboit nad) 
unb in 1877 fal) or fid) i^onotl)irtt, foine ()arto i'lrboit auf bor Jarm auf^ut^obon. 
1)a il)m ^]Jbilip ^. ^Hitter eine Stodc alo (^efdjiiftofiibror foinoo ;-^moic^baufoo fiir 
^ion 'i^ertauf foiner priiferinrten Ai'iid)to ancjeboten l)atto, naljm or biefe Cfforto an. 



48 Wcncoloflic l)fr SMittrr J?nmilie. 

nennietlioti' lomo isaxm uu^ >oi^ mit feiner A-ainilie nacf) (Sinciniiati. [\d)n ^al)Xi 
laufl fuiuvvtc or t>ann olo Wcicl)aft^ful)icr ^e'o Cincinnati ^unni^co t»or '^Ujilip. 3. 
:Kittcv (ionfcvnen (foinp. o»nt vS^^^te 1<S87 fiuifte or liiefe^ ;^nHni^cu1cl)aft in (Sin= 
cinnati un? fiilntc ^alfclbe bann 13 ^sal)rc lanc^ fiir d(\aK i)kdmu\o,. },n\ o«aljve 
1890 ^0(^ fid) ^s^bn iU)i(ip ^Kittor von alien Wefd)aftcn ^^iuriid nnb Icbtc alo '|>vii)at5 
mann, cincn ^l)ei( feincv ^JJiufoftunbcn bei ilHil)Uljdtit3tcit luibnicnb. 

S?ot()iirino !8enlj=!)Jitter, 

bie ^•viui uon ^sol)n '\>\)\[\v ^){ittor in (5incinnati, unirbe am 16. '^oiicinbcr 1836 
in S^inbcnl)ciin in bcv ^)il)i'inpfal,^ i^eboren. 3ic fani 1862 nad) Cl)io uub iicr()ei= 
ratl)ete fid) niit ^Kittcv nnb il)re (i'()e ift cine c]liirflid)e. ,Uatl)avine befiut einen 
lieben'ounivbii^en (Sl)araftei', ift febv c^ttbev^it^ nnb wax fteto cine treue .v)clfcrin 
ibvc'o Oiattcn, nnb ibvc (S^nert^e trnc\ in bol)cni C^Jrabe ^nn Ci'vfoh^ ibveo C^iatten bei, 
fo baf', fid) bevfelbe anf feincni eic^'nen '^icfilj felbftftiinbii^ )nad)en t'onnte. 3.ie lebt 
jct.u in befd)anlid)ci- ^)i'nl)c nnb vnbt ano auf ben C2rnnu^cnfd)aftcn ber fviiberen 
^al)ve ibvev (i"l)e. ^iefco 'i>aar l)at 6 Minbcv, bie fiinnntlid) in C5incinnati, D., 
tcben. 

1. Wmi), yeb. 7. ^fcbrnar 1863. 5?erf)ciratf)et mit ^sncob Sucfart, 6. 
September l.s*.)3, ber 1862 i-^eboren mar. ^I)re (£"l)e ift t'inberloo. 

2. '^sl)ilippina, c^eb. 12. ^cbrnar 1866. 'Iserbciratl)et mit ^sofepf) ^umont. 
2ie l)aben .^nei ilbcbtcr, bie iel3t 14 nnb 15 ^"sabrc alt finb. 

3. ^;!.l)ilip jr., fleb. 5. ^nni 1869. (ir oerbeiratl)ete fid) am 5. ''^IJiai 1889 
mit (Smilic 'i>ifl)op. 3ic babeu einen £ol)n nnb brci !4od)tcr: .Slarl, 13; 'Jlctna, 
11; !^ouife, 9 unb 'Jennie, 7 Cs'i')!''^ i^^t. 

4. ^.Hbam, c^cb. 2C>. Wdx\ 1871. Gr ift feit 1893 iierl)eiratbet mit ^^^ertba 
Steininann. 2ic baben cineu 3o[)n (Slifforb, o,cb. in 1895. 

5. !iiouife, geb. 24. ^Vmnar 1874. ©ie ljeiratl)ete 6. %. 'i!ot, ber 1870 
i^eboren marb, am 16. TeuMnber 18;»6 ult^ fie babeu cincn 3obn unb cine 
l:od)ter: (5l)arlotte, 4 "sabr, nnb ^Jl^ilbclm, 2 ,\al)rc alt. 

6. .Hatbarina, (U'b. 6. Acbruar 1879. 3ie beiratbete am Id. "suui 1901 
3i^illiam Cdero. 3ie l)aben cine 4:od)tcr, lilleu, bie 1902 i^eborcu marb. 



ffifncaloflic l)cr SHittcr JTomUic. 49 



lEltBabrtli IStttrr l^amm^I, 

todfUr Don ^^(rtfitian iNitter, geboren in ^ird^ljcint an ber (Stf. 

Gtifabetl) fitter mar cm [tarJes unb gefunbeS ^inb. ©te erl^telt t§re ©d^uls 
b■(^u^f^ in ber S^itlc ihroo .s>eimat()sortg unb ba fie eine gate Sdjiilerin raar, fo 
lernte fie halt 3(IIeG, umo fie in biefer Sdnile lernen fonnte. ^ad) juritcfgelefltet 
©c()ul,u'it f)rtlf fie iln'cv 'Hhitter im ^aucil)a(t unb unirbe cine titcf)tige .^od)in unb 
.finueiluilterin. 9tad)bctn alle il)re ©efd)unfter mid) ':}(merit'a tjegangen, roar fie ein 
grofun- 2xo]t xxnh eine 5tul3e fiir il)re (iltern. ©lifabetl) mar eine fd)lanfe, f)iif)fci^e 
Sriinette. Sie I)atte grofu' buntle 9(iu^en unb bunt'lcG ,s>aar, ein fd)ongeformtes 
oimteci G)efid)t, tnit rofiiu'n ®angen unb einen ©efid)tCHiu6brud ber non inneret 
^riililidjfcit ,5;eugte. 3ie ift cnerivfd), fd)nell entfd)loffen, mie bie nieiftcn iljret 
^•aniilic, unb ift ftetG sh ei"ci" paffcnben iHntmort unb ,^u cinem l)er,^l)aften ^^id)en 
bereit. Sie mar bag 2eben im .s>aufe unb bie ^-reube unb ber Stroft it)rer ©Item 
in beren i^ebenoabenb. 

(5'Iifnbetl) nerlieft im ^snnuar 1865 ifjre .*Qeimat^ in .tirc^fieim mtt tl^rei 
5Riitter unb mit il)rem 3Serlobten, .'oerrn 3Xbam ."onnimel unb fam nad) ben 3Ser. 
Stoaten. Diad) einem !ur,^en 3lufcnt()alt in ^isl)ilabelpl)ia ,^ogen fie nad) 33utler 
dounti), Cl)io. i^m ^februar boffclben 3al)re6 oerbciratbete fie fid) mit §errn 
2(bam .<OflinineI. xsf)i" ebclid)eG ii'eben ift ein febr g(iirflidje§. !3()re 6l)e murbe 
mit u'bn Minbevn veid) gefcgnet, biei non bcnen ,^el)n, brei <B'6i)\K unb fieben 
2;od)ter, nod) am i^'ebeu fiu^. 3ie ift eine treue gute ^-rau, bie il)rem ©atten eine 
gute Stiiftc in all' feinen Unternebmungcn mar unb beinfelben baburd) ,^um Grfolge 
l)alf. ^Ijren HinDern ift fie cine gute iliuttcr, bie fie ge(jord;cn unb fie lieben le^rte. 

9Il)am $>ammtl. 

.?»err 9(bam .^oammel am Mird)l)eim an ber ©d mar ber Sof)n t»on Wt. 
§ammel, ber ,^u ciner ii\-amilie gcbbrte, bie ^u ben intetligcntcftcn unb reid)ften ir 
^ir^l)eim ge^aijlt murbc. Gr marb 1S46 geborcn unb murbc in ber (Sd)ule in 
^ird^ljeim er,^ogcn, ,^u beren guten SdjUlern er ge()brte. 3iad)bem er bie Sd)utc 
nertaffcn, mtbmcte er fid) bem f^icfdiaft feiner "inn-fabrcn unb murbc ^anbmirt^. 
^adi bent '^Tobe feineS 3Saterg uerroalteten er unb feine Gutter gemeinfd)aftlid) bao 
2(nmefcn feines ^i^atere, big feine 33erIobte nac^ ben ^^er. Staaten ougroanberte. 
aJiit i^r oerlie^ er feine ^eimat^ unb fam ^ier^er. 

^f^ac^bem er in D^io angelongt, trat er mit feinem Sc^roager ^o^anneS 
^^irip ^Tiitter in ^13artnerfcbaft — er t^atte von feinem ^fiater betrdd)tlid) geerbt, 



50 (Sencoloflif Ber iRtttcr Somtlie. 

roas ilin in fen Stanb fe^te, ba§ t)a,^i not^iflc 0)e(^ prompt ein,^u,vil)le". ^leK" 
partner id)(i ft ?auerte fed)G ^a()re, umrauf 3(t>am ^ainmel feinen 3lnt()eil an fcinen 
partner unb 5d)UHUU'v nertaufte. 

iBeibe 'l^artnev batten it>df)renb if)rer ^artnerfcfeaft betrdcfitlicftee. ©elb iiev= 
bient unb nad)^eln .sSanmtel feinen 3rnt{)eil ausnerfauft, faufte er eine ^arni uon 
220 3rrfer ?anb naf)e .t»amilton, D^io, bie er je^t noc^ be»t»irt()fd)aftet. Gr raar 
fel)r erfolflreid), crntet ftets bae befte ©etretbe im 2anbe iinb ift aufeerbem '^sferDe^, 
3linbnief)=, 2d)nieine= unb @efluc(el=3"^tfi^- ^^ ^a^ 1^ ""f fei"fr 'i^axm ein 
gro^eci nn^ feineo 33ac!ftein{)au5 c^ebaut, in bem bie ^amilie in (Jomfort lebt. 
9f?ebcn biefem 2i>ot)nl)aufe [te^en ,^a^lretc^e 9ieben= unb 2Birt{)fd)aftQ9ebdube unb 
bie Untgebunc^ ber ?^arm ift eine fc^one. 

3(bam 4^ammel ift 5 i^-uf; 7 3ott gro| unb roo^Iproportionirt. @r i)at einen 
l^eden ^eint, blaue Slugon unb blonbes $)aar. 3 ein ©efid)t ift biibfd), runb 
unb anfprod)cnb. @r ift fel)r entfd)Ioffen, felbftbemufet unb intedigent unb menn 
not()ifl tann er feinen ©ebanfen burd) paffenbe 2Borte berebeten 3(u6bru(f geben. 

^-olgenbc se()n ."Rinber au6 i[)rer @^e finb noc^ am 'iieben : 

1. .^ate, geb. ben 28. ^anuor 1867. ®ie nerbeirat^ete ftd^ am 4. g^eb 
ruar 1888 mit 2Bm. ^ein^'Iman. ^I)re @^e ift finberloS. 

2. 2lbam, geb. 2. ^ebruar 1869, 6r Dert)eirat[)ete fic^ mit Maxi) ©tumpf 
unb biefer 6{)e finb oier ^inber entfprungen. 

3. midjad, geb. 22. ^anuar 1871. @r ^eirat^ete am 6. ^ebruar 1808 
Garrie 3mitl) unb fie ^aben brei .*Rinber. 

4. Arnnceci, geb. 8. Wax^ 1878. ©te perl)eiratl)ete fid) mit grarence 
2^^omae am 9. October 1901. ©ie i)ahtn eine, je^t 1 ^a^r alte iTod^ter. 

5. ?yrteba, geb. 1. September 1875 unb am 13. ^uli 1898 mit ^reb. 
SSeiciiuanger ocr()ciratl)et. @ie ()aben einen 4 ^afjre alten ®o^n. 

6. XHnna, geb. 12. 15e,^ember 1878. ^od) unnerl)eirat^et. 

7. .v^ilba, geb. 23. 2)e;\ember 1880. ^ft unnerbeiratbet. 

8. '^U)illipina Garolina, geb. 2. ^ebruar 1883 ; ift no(^ unwer'^etratljet. 

9. 'JCiKiam ^"vreberid, geb. 9. September 1886. 
10. "sba emilia "scfep()ina, geb. 6. ^uni 1888. 



©encttlogic Uv iRitter gomtlic. 51 

J)rittcr SoJin ftoit ©eorg ffJirifitau unU (fua iHitter, oeboren im 9Jcul)of, om 

2. aJltti 1792. 

^ctl)anneci, tiritter (Sol)n von (5)eori:\ Gl)vi[tian unti Cim flutter, c^cboven nuf 
bem 5teu(iof am 2. 5)iai 1792. ^sof)anneo crhiclt fcinc 3d)ulbilt)uuc\ su 3lltlci= 
niuo,cn, cr bcfilste ein fel)r a,ut&o 0)ebdd)tni^ iini) Icrntc ol)nc Ttiilw alk^^ itins bort 
in ber Sc^ule ^u lernen mar. %U er 14 3al)re alt wax nnu?e cr toufirmirt in 
ber ^roteftantifd)cn 5tivclie yi 9l(tleinini;(en unb enbic^tc bamit feine 2cf)ulpflid)tcn, 
aber nid)t fein Icvncn ; cr rocr fel)r bct^icrig alles Mt lernen nmo fiir il;n 'il^ifjene: 
mertl) wax unl> beumbrtc co ami) in feineni ©ebad)tni[; cr.f fiir ^.ulunftitjen ®e= 
brand). Tnrd) biefeo mar cr ipdtcr in fcineni 'i.'cben in ?cr 'i\>i)fenid)aft fe^r 6e= 
iranbert unb fonnte ftuntcnlani'\ ^sntcreffantes ersdl)len iiber !i.'anb unb 2eute unb 
©rfal)runt^en of)ne baf^ fcinc ;^ul)orer babei miibe unirben, babei l)atte er and} ein 
lieitercG unt> frennMiAco Jentperantent unb mar fel)r bcliebt als ©efcllfd^after. 

^sol)anneG l)atte and) c\rofu' licbe fiir feine ^-amilie unb 33lutsr)ernianbten, 
unb bei jeber paffcnttcn Gielegenlieit ,^eigte er biefes ilnicn frol)e Stunben ^u berei= 
ten, nnibrcn? ben gefeipieten ^f'^en feineo gefd)dftlid)en i'ebens. 

^ot)anncG mar unc^efdlir fiinf A-uf5 ad)t 3on grof;, von gutem .^i3rpergebau, 
mog ungcfdl)r 160 "']>fun^, battc blauc 3(ugen, Relies ^aar unb lielle .'oautfar&e; 
im 9(nfcl)cn liatte er niel 3(el)nlid)fcit mit fcincni 3olni '^^i)ihp ^s. l^^iitter, bem 
Sdn'eibcr fticfcci 'Jlrtifclc, Dcm oft gcfagt unirbe er fel)e feinem 'Jsater fe^r d^nlid^, 
fal) aber feincr lliutter and) fcbr dl)nlid); alle feine anberen 'J^riiber fatten 
fd)roar,^es ^aar un? bunfelbraune 2(ugen. ^er (2d)reiber biefeo bcbauert bo^ er 
fein 33ilb non \i)m befi^t urn ?affclbe neben ber 5)^utter in biefem '$>iid)c ein^ufe^en. 

^soliannee arbcitete auf bem ©utl) feiner ©Itern bi^ er 1811 in t»ie fran,^c)fif(^e 
9(rmee eingetrcten ift un& bicntc unter ')iapoleon 33onaparte aU Solbat. ©ein 
^)kgiment lag in 33onlognc am '}3iccr, am englifdjen .^anal. 1812 murbe fein 
i^egiment nad) ^iuBlanb beorbert, abcr tia :^sol)anne§ front mar fonnte er nid^t mil 
^emfelbcn marfd)ircn. (ir marfdiirtc tianii cinige '53conate fpdter mit einem anberem 
:?Regimentc ab, tiicfeo fam abcr nur bic> an t^ic ruffifdie ©ren,^e, als bie 3iad)ric^t 
non l>cr ■il(ic?crlagc Oiapolcono in lltoofau eintraf uni) 6ao :?Hegiment nad) ber 
^^■eftung Utagftcburg ^unidbcorbcrt unirfte. '^tapoleon muf5te mit feiner fe^r f(^roer 
mitgenommcncn X'lrmcc rctirircn uni) and) tiao :')k'gimcnt, t)em ;3ol)anne5 in 
^Boulogne ;,ugctl)cilt mortcn, mar faft gan,^ aufgerieben morben. 5(ber nid)tci fonnte 
Dcapoleon cntmutl)igen, cr ,^og fcinc I'ltefenien ^ufammcn uni) ,^og mit bicfcn biS 
Seipjig, mo im Cftober 1812 bie brei ^age mdbrenbe gro^e 'i>t)lferfd)lad)t gefd^Ia* 



52 ®eneoIonie bcr iWttfer J^omtfie. 

gen uuD oie 2trmee '3capoleon'o faft nernic^tet mur&e. 9?apoIeon ,^og fic^ nun mit 
bem 3^efte feinee ^eeres bis iiber ben JH^ein ^uriict unb mad)te erft in ^ranfrei(^ 
§alt. 3Bd()renb biefer ;>it unirbe ^sof)anne5 mit feinem ^Ttegimente uon bem 
iQeere ber 'inn-biinbeten in ber ^'yeftung 'Diagbeburg feftgef)a(ten. ^sm ^a^re 1813 
ging t>a^ §eer ber 'Iserbitnbeten uber ben :^()ein unb "Jiapoleon luurbe mit bem 
Stefte feines .'oeeree meiter ^uriictgetrieben, gefangen unb fd)liefelid) ale ©efnngener 
nad) ber ^snfel (51 ba gefanbt. 2)ann rourben audi bie in "O^iagbeburg liegenben 
fran^pfifdien ^ruppen Ijeimgelaffen, l^ol^onnes trat auci benfelben auc. unb fel)rte 
nad) .'oaufe ^uriid. 

'IJadibem OiOl)anne§ nadj .^aufe ^urudgefel)rt, mar er in t»erfd)iebenen ^Berufen 
t()atig. (i'ine ,^oitIang arboitete er in einer 3JiuI)Ie be^ §errn 'isalentin 33erg in 
2)reiien unb bort unirbe er mit ©lifabetl) 'JCill befannt, bie er bann 1818 
f)eiratt)ete. (Sr fparte feinen 3>erbienft unb verfudite fd)lief;Iid) fein ©[lid auf 
eigene %au\t, inbem or cin (*';ctreibegcfd^aft etablirte. ©r faufte ©etreibc auf unb 
brad)te es ,^um isertauf nad) grij^eren 'DJiarftpUi^en. J^ao 0)efd)dft mar ein 
lot)nenbeQ unb id)Iief?lid) tonnte er fid) Sanb, ein ^aus unb ®d)euer unb bie nbtE)i= 
gen 'i&>irtl)fd)aftcigcbdubc anfd)affen. 2)iefec> ^anb unb t>a^ von feiner Jyrau 
ererbte bemirtbfd)aftcte er nun erfolgreid) unb er nnirbe balb ein tiid)tiger (Mefd)aft6= 
mann, angeiet)en unb gead)tet non 3lIIen, bie i^n fannten. 3Begen feiner ©efeHig^ 
Icit, feines jorialen ^t)arafterci unb feines ^reimut^s roar er atlgemein beliebt unb 
fd)Iicf^Iid) nnirbc er in ben Stabtratf) gerod()(t. 

^ei feinem ®etreibefd)dft brad)te ^sotjrtnneo ^Hitter au§ ben grtjfeeren ©tabten 
SKaaren aller 5trt, foroie .tol)lc unb ^ol^ nad) §aufe, bie er uortbeilbaft cerfauftc, 
aber als bie @ifenbal)nen tamen l)6rte biefes ®efd)dft auf, lobnenb ^u fein. ®r 
faufte bann grofjere 'ilJu'ugcn von G^treibe auf 3pcfulation, nerlor, gerietl) baburd^ 
in 3d)ulbcn unb fatlirte. I^ann umnberte er mit feiner A"amilie nac^ 2lmerifa 
au§. 2)a er Don ber englifdien 5prad)c nur roenig ncrftanb, befd)Iof^ er, fid^ unter 
ben ^eutfd)='Pennfi)(ininiern nie^cr,^uIaffen, unb er t()at bieo unb lebte unter ben= 
felben bis fein Sof)n '^^^ilip ^p^)" \^d} im 6onfectioner9=@efc^dft etablirte unb 
er fid) com ©efd^dft ,^urud,^og unb mit biefem lebte. 

'^sof)annes :^itter beiratl)ete, mie fdbon gefagt, ©lifabetl) 2Sitt, Stod^ter »on 
^acob unb (ilifabetl) TIlmU in ^reifen. ,,3Bir alle liebten unfere iOlutter unb 
unfere 0)iutter liebte uno. " (Slifabet^ 9litter [)atte ()ellen 2eint, blonbe^ ^oar, 
blaue 'iJtugcn unb ein runbe^ ©efid^t unb roar non mittler C^)ri)fee. Sie roar cine 
liebe, gute '3Jiutter unt> eine eremplarifd)e .s^ausfrau, fel)r cncrgifd) unb ofonomifd^. 
®ie befa^ auQgebel)nte Menntniffe in prattifd)er ^JJiebi^in unb in ber .Hrantcnpflege 
unb il)re ipilfe rourbe ju ^aufe, foroie oon it)ren ^J{ad^barn unb g-reunben in dlot\)- 



(Beneatogie Iier iHttter gamilie. o3 

fallen fe[)r ()od) gefcftii^t. (5lifabetl) 9^itter mar if)rem ©atten in feiner i:(efd)dft= 
lid)cn ^l)dtigtett eine gro^e dtlfe, and) nad)liem fie in biefem 2anbe angef'ommen 
maren, tienn fie l)alf il)m f)ier raie fie Itico in tier alten §eimatl) iH't()an l)atte. 
3(uc^ inar fie i^reni 3o()ne '^U)ilip oi. :'Kitter, nad)t>em tierfelbe fein (s)efd)dft alo 
Confectioner begonnen, gnte unli mcrtbooUe i^ilfe. 'JI)r 'initer mar ein ^ai'mer 
unb 'i^rennereibefi}5er unb befa^ geniigenb \!ant>, nni feine Jamilie in angenel)men 
!i?er[)dltniffen '^n er[)alten. 

;3ot)annee unb Glifabetl) dixttex Ijatlen breijetjn ^inber, bie fdmmtlid) in 
Treifen geboren maren. ^3hir fiinf berfelben blieben am Isi^eben, bie anberen ftarben 
in il)rer Minbljeit. '0(m t'eben blieben : 

(^eorg ^ot)annes, geb 1820 ; 
:3o{)anne6, geb. 26. 3tpri( 1826 ; 
^Nl)ilip 5ol)n, geb. 19. October 1832 ; 
.Hatbarine, geb. 1834 ; 
(5l)riftian, geb. 4. i)(pril 1844. 

5)er ctltefte Sot)n, @eorg ^sof}flnneQ, blieb in T'reifen unb ftarb bort 1863. 
^er ::Keft ber /V^niilie tarn nad) 3tmerit'a im "Jatjre 1886 unb lie^ fic^ in ^'•^ixla-- 
belpt)ia nieber. 






54 Wfiicofoflic l)cr iWitter J?omiHe. 

(Snni} Joltamifa Etttpr. 

9lcltef!er «o()n don ^oljonmS unD (flifobet^ JHitter, geborcn 1<S2(> in ^reifen 

©eorg 3ff)'^""c^v ^*-'i" iittefte Soljn won ^o()anneQ itnb Glifadetf) ^Hitter in 
2)reifen, iierl)ciratl)cte fid) mit i^itl)arina i>unbeil in 'i^eii)col)eiin in ber ::HlHnnpfal3. 
®ie lebten in Tveiien nnb l)atten brei itinber. !^ud) (^eorcj l^ofjanneo max ein 
£an^nnvtl). T)ie itinber bicfer (S()e [inb : 

5ufanna, geb. 27, 3"'i l-'^^G in ^reifen, uerbeiratljet an ©eorg 3:rippel. 

''iU)ilip (_^)eorc(, 0(eb. I84N, ift nnnerl)eivatl)et gebliebcn. tiT nnu- lancje ^afire 
im 3'rud)t='^Nrafernen=(S)efd)dft feineo Ont'eU "'^Ujilip ly. 9tittev bcld)dftio;t. 

(S'lifabetl), geb. 1851, nniierl)ciratl)t't, ^Jhid) fie max \m (^etd)dft il)reo Onfet§ 
iU)ilip "s. ^Hitter in 'i.U)iIabelpl)ia tlicitig. 

Sufanna l)eiratl)ete, une fd)on c^efai^t, am 10. ^annar 1869 ben ©eorg 
Xrippel, t)er am 24. ^uni 184() in 2id'cnl)oIin im ©rof^ber^igtbrnn i^effen geboren 
mar. 3ie leben jet3t auf einer ^axm bei (Sabool, 'i)iiffouri. i5ie Ijatten t)rei 
^inber : 

gecilie, geb. 2. 3(pri[ 1870 ; 

eiivibetl), geb. 22. ^^anuar 1872, geftorben am 30. ^anuar 1873 ; 

"iUxna, gob. 7. A-ebrnar 1874. 

Cecilia, bie dltefte Stodjter uon ©eorg unb ©ufanna Irippel, I)eiratl)ete am 
20. Cctober 1889 ben A-reberid 'Il>tUiam «^ipp, ber am 22. September in 'So- 
ringl)aufen in 'ii> eft pi) a leu geboren marf. ©ie lebten merft in (Sabool unti iet3t in 
3)enntt, "Jcebraot'a. 3ie baben uier .Hiiiber, non benen bie brei dlteften in tSabooI, 
^ej:aQ (So., ""^Jio., geboren unirben : 

©eorge, geb. 26. ^3J{ai 1891 ; 

^reberid ^ilMlbelm, geb. 23. October 1893 ; 

3(nna Siifanna, geb. 1. ^Jlngnft 1895; 

3lbolpl) Areberid, geb. Ki. ^Jhiguft 1898. 

^nna l:rippel, ^meite ^od)lcr uon C^Jeorg unb 3ufanna 'Irippel, beiratl)ete 
am 22. ^ebruar 1N9S ^cu ^^iilbclin l^arnauer, ber am (I. ^,uli 1S7."! in preufufd) 
^JDiinben in 'il^eftpbalcn, Teut)d)laub, geboren marb. 3ic b^iben brei i^inber, bie 
fdmmtlid) in (Sabool, IKo., geboieu finb. (Siueo ftarb in ber Kinbljeit, bie anbern 
finb: 

German, geb. 13. I^e^ember 1898; 
greberid ©eorge, geb. 8. ^yebruar 1901. 



@encoloflie ber {Hitter afamilic. 55 

3loIiminpa iStttpr, 

3tiietter So^n bon ^oljannrd unD SItfabetl) {Hitter, geborrii am 20. 9ltiri( 1826, 

in Jireifen. 

^o()anneg Slitter erl)ielt feine ®d)ulbilbung in SDreifen unb max ein cotter unb 
gelehriger <Sd)uler. Gr war jiueimal uerl)eiratl)et, 'ba^j erfte Wia\ mit t'ouife dioijU 
fint auo A^aimouer, X)eutfd)lant). oie lebten in ^^t)i(abelpl)ia unb fatten i'> .Hinber: 

1. ^})Jari), geb. 27. "Jebruar 1849. ©ie l)eiratt)ete (Sl)as. J^e""^/ boc^ 
blieb iljre S1)e finberloe. 

2. ^otjn, geboren am 15. ©eptember 1852. @r roar smeimal iierf)eirat()et: 
gum erften "OJJale mit ^i^effie g^uUer auo Decatur, ;51I,, mit ber er einen 3ol)n 
l)at, ber je^t 21 \^al)xc alt ift ; ^a^;) jroeite 3i)ial mit ©Ua 53lai)lodf, won ber iljm 
jroei Kinber geboren nmrben. 

3. I'ouife, geboren 20. '^um 1857. ©ie roar breimal oerbeiratbet : ,;,um 
erften Wiak mit '^tlbert ^)J{arfball; jum jroeiten lliale mit g. 'iiaugber, unb ?;um 
britten ^3Jiale mit 2t. ©oobman. <Sie root)nten in ^^]t)ilabelpt)ia, Ijatten aber t'eine 
Einber. 

4. (Smma, geboren 18. ^uni 1859. ®iefe ftarb unoerl)eiratl)et am 10. 
max 1885. 

5. ©eorge S., geboren am 1. ^uU 1861. @r f)eirat[)ete ?^annie Ssarner, 
bie am 8. 'DJidrj 1866 geboren roarb. ®ie leben in 3lsv:. f)orf, bnben aber feine 
linber. ©eorge «. ^titter fuf)rt feit 1882 bas 3roeiggefd)aft ber ^;i. ^. fitter 
gonferoe 60. in "OJero ^)orf. 

6. Gbriftian ift iierl)eirat[)et unb lebt in ^erfei; Siti). @r roarb am 1. ^uni 
1867 geboren unb uerl)eiratl)ete fid) mit Stgnee Xiroi)er, geboren am 7. ®e,^ember 
1876, au'o roeld)er Glje ein Sobn entfprungen ift. (Sl)riftian ift 'i^ertciufer fiir 
feinen ^^rubcr C^ieorge unb feinen Cntel ''^. ,3. ^Kitter. 

5ot)anneQ ^Kittere erfte ^"\-rau ftarb 1883 unb er I^eiratt^ete bann Wlaxi) Dxti), 
roeld)e (5l)e jebod) tinberloo blieb. 

Jobannes I'Kitter folgte bier iierfd)iebenen 53erufen unb in einer fpdteren ^i'\i 
feine'j 'i^ebens leitete er jebn ^a()re lang ein 3>ot^i99tfd)aft feineo ^i^rubero ^^M)ili|j 
!3. flitter in 'Baltimore, ^^on bort tam er roieber nad) -^Mjilabelpbia unb etab: 
lirte ein 9letail ©rocerp (^efd)dft. ©r ftarb am 1. :;3uli 1896 unb feine 
2Bittroe fiiljrt fein ©rocerp ®efd)dft roeiter. 



56 (Sfncoloflie Ocr SRitter gamilic. 

g'plbat - iHiagrapI^iP van 

^rittem Soi^n Hon 3ol)n unH glifobett) IHittcr, gcborcn am 19. October 1832 

in Jireifen. 

2)etn Sefer biefe^ S5u(^e§ biene sur 9tacl)rtd)t, ha^ \d) meine 33iot3rapl)ie uni 
bie @efd)id;tc meiner Xljiitic^fcit unb C^rfolge lodljvenb meine^ SeberiQ nid)t auS 
Sitelfeit ober aus ®tol,^ auf meine gerabe unb el)rlid)e ^anblunivjiyeife gegen meine 
^DDWmenfc^en gefdjrieben t)abe, fontieru uur um meinen ^Jiac^tommen unb 2^er= 
manbten oor Slugen ju ful)ien, t>a^ Sluebauer jum ^kU fii^rt unb ba^ e^rlic^ am 
(angften rociljrt. 

9}{eine t^dtige gefc^dftlidje 2auf6a§n umfa^t 58 ^a^ren, oon meinem 14. 
^a^re an gerec^net. $8on biefen lernte id) 7^ ^a()re lang mein ©efd^dft unb roar 
uerfc^ieben tl)dtig. ^m 2llter t)on 2H 3a()ren begann id; meine gefd)dftlid)e 
^^dtigteit auf meine eigene ^tec^nung, iJBenn ber ^ifefer nur einige 2)iinuten 
nac^benten unb iiberlegen roirb, bann mirb er erfennen, roie mele 2)inge man tt)un 
unb mit roie uielen ^^erfonen ntan jufanimentreffen tann in fold) einer langen unb 
gefd^dftigen Saufbaljn unb in einem ©efd)dft, bus faft auf alle !Jl)eile ber 2i5elt 
ousgebeljut roorben ift. "Der 'OJame ^i>t)ilip ;J. -Witter ftel)t gut unb giinftig oor 
ben Stugen feiner '3)titmenfd)en unb roo immer berfelbe befannt, ift mit bemfelben 
ber SSegriff einer et)rlidjen (Sefd)dftoful)rung unb bie oorgiigli^e ©iite feiner 
SBaaren oerbunben. 

5Der ©runb, auo roeld)em i^ jur 3(uf5eirf;nung be§ S^l^un unb ^reibenS meineg 
Sebens unb meiner gefd)dftlid)en 3:l)dtigfeit fo oiel papier gebraud)e, ift ber, tia^ 
xii) fo oiel §u fd)reiben t)abe unb mid) md;t fiirjer faffen fann, um nic^t Unbeuts 
Iid)e5 unb UnooUtommeneQ ju Uefern, unb gugleid) bem Sefer nor X'lugen ju 
fiitjren, roao ein llienfd) erreid)en fann, roenn er ein flares ^i^erftdnbni^ oon bem 
i)at, roas er im !iieben er,^ielcn mill. 3.lUllenofraft, eljrlid)e 3(bfid)t unb 33el}arr5 
lic^feit miiffen einen C^rfolg fiir alio Unterneljnumgen nuid)en, bie man beginnt. 
Man fann ©rofiC'S in einer oert)dltnif5mdf5ia fur,^en ^dt erreidjen, loenn man bie 
(Snergie unb ben feften :ii>iUeu Ijat, roie foldje bem 3Serfaffer oon ber Siatur oer* 
Ue^en roorben roar. 

^()ilip Ijoljanneci I'Kitter, ber britte ©o(jn oon I^ofjanneQ, ober ^o^n, unb 
(Slifabetl) ^Kitter oon I)reifen unube am 19. October 1832 geboren. (5r roar 
ein gefunber unb t'rdftiger Knabe, bci id)on im xHlter oon oier ijaljren ^-urdjtlofigs 
feit unb ftarte il>iUen'ot'raft ,^eigtc, Me er feiu gan^'c ^'eben lang beibebielt. '^m 
2llter oon fed)5 ,'s,af)ren rourbc or in l^reifen in bie Sdjule gefdjirft unb eo bauerte 
nic^t lange bio er roirtlid) lernbegierig uiiD loiffenoburftig rourbe. Sd^on im filter 



©eneologie Her mttn Somllic. 57 

ron 10 3a()ren f}atte er SHleQ erfafet, ma^ er in biefer ©c^ule (ernen fonnte, unb 
cr beinal)rte bas (Srlernte fiir fpdtere 58:iui§uiun fovt^fdltig auf. ison feiuem 10. 
bio ,uim 12. ^al)xt l)alf ev beim Unterrid)t in ber jiinc^[ten .S^Iaffe, luobei er ftet^ 
ber erfte 3d)iiler in bev l)oci)l'ten .Hlaffe biefer Sd)ule blieb. i\>egen feincQ jugenb^ 
lict)en outers iinirbe er non nielen dlteren 3d)iilern uni biefe beuorjngte Stellung 
fel)r beneibet, meil fie in iljrem ii>iffcn gegen iljn jnriid'ftanben. 3llg er bie (3d)u(c 
oerlie^, bbrte er jebod) nid)t anf ,?|U lernen, im ©etnentl)eil fuljr er fort raeitereo 
Semen ein5ul)eimfen unb \)(\<o ift il)m jur jroeiten 'JJatur geioorben, benn er ftubirt 
unb lernt nod) I^eute. ^ie englifd)c 5prad)e erlernte er oljne einen Sef)rer. ^lad)- 
bem er fid) l)ier c5efd)dftUd) etablirt, fiil)rte er mel)rere ^ai^m lang feine eigene 
Sorrefponbenj unb feine eigenen 'J3itd)er unb ging batiurd) burd) eine prattifd)e 
©d)ute, inbem er ein gro^eci ^abritationss unb iganbelogefd)dft fiil)rte, ha^ fid) iiber 
bae giuv^e I'anb erftredte. CSr erportirte einen 3^l)eil feiner 3Baaren nad) europdi= 
fdjen 'ifdnbern erfolgreid) unb ot)ne babei finanjielle 'i.krlufte ju erieiben. Urn bies 
erreid)en ,^u fbnnen nui^ man einen energifc^en, auobauernben, ruljelofen unb cons 
feroatioen ©eift l)aben, ber 18 non ben 24 ©tunben eine^ Stages tl)dtig ift. 

^n feineuT 20. ^aljre las '■|^()ilip :3- 9iitter einige 3Berte be^ englifd^en 
(Sd)riftfte((erQ '■^sope. :3" biefen i)k^ eS: ,,'3)aS rid)tige ©tubiuni ber 5Renfc^l}eit 
ift ber ^Diann." ^!^^ope'^ ^Ii>erfen folgenb, roarf er fid) bann auf bag ©tubium ber 
2(natomie unb ^^sl)i)fioIogie unb ber 3:l)dtigteit ber Drgane be^ menfdjlid^en ^'orpere. 
^at{)oIogie, 3;l)erapie unb 'DJiebi.^in murben bann feine 2iebling§=©tubien unh biefe 
finb fiir xi)n, fiir feine Janiitie unb feine 'i^ermanbten im Saufe ber ^eit fei)r 
nii^lid) geraefen. ^ie baburd) erlangten Menntniffe l)alfen feiner 'Jamilie feljr oft, 
benn in Jolge feiner fd)nellen '^Diagnofe unb ber prompten 3lnioenbung paffenber 
^JDiittel tonnte er fel)r oft fie oon fd)nieren Sd)merjen befreien wnt) lange iRranf= 
t)eiten, \a einen friil),3ieitigen Job oerl)inberm. 

©benfo ift er mit ben nnd)tigftcn (S'lementen in ber (if)einie unb i^rer 2ln= 
roenbung moi)l oertraut, oiel meljr luie bies fonft bei Saien ber %aU ju fein pflegt. 
@r befiljt eine Slnjal)! prominenter SBerfe iiber biefe 3Biffenfdjaften, bie er flei^ig 
5u 9iatl)e ,3iiei)t. 

2lle ein 33eobad)ter ift feine '^-dbigfeit, alle ^flan,^en unb Sr()iere beim 3(nfel)en 
ju fennen, ftet^ ein 5lsergnitgen fiir iljn. ^n ^elb unb 34>alb .^u gel)en unb faft 
alle 'i^dume, 3trdud)er, '^lumeii, '].^fIan,^en unb tia^ Untraut beim '3{amen nennen 
unb il)re ^baratter unb it)re i^enutjung angeben ju tonnen, ^uglcid) biefelben unter 
Dein ^'inne'fd)en 3i)ftem claffifi^iren ^u tbnnen, ift ein gvof5eci 'isergnitgeu fiir if)n. 
i^inw ev biefe "^flau^en 2C. fiel)t, ift ee il)m, als ob er alte /"yreunbe begriif;e, benen 
er juruft : ,,gs freut mid;, (^ud) fo mol)l ui feljen." ©iefee ^Isergniigen genie^en 



58 @enea(ogie Iier SRttter t^amtlie- 

nuv luenii^e 3terblidio. Crr ift Jabei tein c;\ei,^iger 'DJfann unb gern Id^t er 2(nbere 
an biefeni 'isergniigen tl)ei(ne[)iiten, inbem er ifjnen mittfjeitt, mie unb moriibev ev 
fid) gefrcut hat. xHud) niit ticv AornuUion unb ^Befd}affenl)eit unferer (Srbe i[t ev 
uuil)l iHTtraut. Ci"r tonnt ^ie "Jianicn ^er meiften (^efteinarten unti uniljrenb feiner 
3(eilen l)at or oft ®elegenl)eit ge()abt t)ie (Songlomeiate, Me er auf bem /ye'fc"= 
gebirge in einer ,s>ol)e uon 11,000 Auf5 traf, niit Denen ,ut nergleidien, bie er in 
gleid)er .\>bl)e auf ben 3(lpen ber 3d)mei?) gefeljen. Cionglomeratgeftein ift ein aus 
Steinen ( 'iirudiftiiden unb abgerunbeten 2teinen) i)erfd)iebener 3(rt ^ufammen= 
gefe^te, unibrenb nerfd)iebener CEuoIutionen ber @rbe gebilbete ,^u einer compaften 
9Jiaffe .^ufammengebadene ober gefiigte 3teinart. Das 'isortommen biefes ©efteins 
in foldjer .s>bl)e auf bem Aclfengebirge ift nad) xHnfid)t uieler ©eologen ber 53emeiQ 
bafiir, baf, biefe (^k'birge einft mit "Sniffer unb Ciio bebedt luaren, lueldje biefe^o 
C^eftein ,^i il)rer gegennnirtigen alhiu abgerunttet baben. 

'l>bilip ^s- ^Kitter ift 5 A"uf5 8 3^1^ Srof^, aiol)lproportionirt unb anegt je|t 180 
'•^'.funb, nidl}renb er im x'llter non "21 bis 35 ^si^bren 150 '^^funb mog. G"r but ein 
uoUee onaleo C^efid)t, emeu bellen ^eint, blaugraue xHugen, belles ^aar, bunteln 
Sd)nurrbart unb .Hinnbart, ber jetit ftart ins Wraue fpielt. I^er 3(usbrud feines 
©efid)tG ift ernft, offen unb gerabe unb uerrdtb ftart'e JLsiUenQt'raft unb CS"ntfd)lof= 
fenbeit, babei s^ugt baffelbe uon Ar^unblidit'eit unb ^ouialitdt un^ in ber ^tjat l)at 
fein '^efi^er fiir '^(lle ein freunblidies 'il^ort unb ein gittiges Vddieln. Der ^^nbaber 
biefes giitigen ©efid;ts ift ein Cptiniift, b. b. einer ber gliidlidien -llcenfdien, nield)e 
bie Ueber,H'ugung b^^ben, 1)af, Allies, mas in biefer ^iBelt gefd)iel)t, ^uin 'i-ieften 
gemenbet merben tann unb Die iHlles uon ber fonnigen 2eite anfd)auen, rodbrenb 
anberc nur bie 3d)attenfeiten febcn tbnnen. 

-.Itadjbem er bie ^liebensperiobe erreid)t butte, in ber er fid) nid)t mebr fiir bie 
regnerifd)en ^age ■\u forgen braud)te, erfreuten er unb feine Aamilie fid) oft unter 
ibren uielen Aveunben unD in beren C^iefellfdjaft in ibrem eigenen .sSaufe bes 
^ebens. '^.srominent untcr biefen lo,^ialen Ci'reigniffen uuuen Die bdufigen Wefell-- 
fd)aften eines "Jolly Fifteen" genannten (Slubs. Tiefer (5lub beftanb aus 
^3Jidnnern iiber 40 o»abren, bie fid) feit o»'^bi"t'ii get'annt butten. '^U)ilip ,'\. ^Hitter 
mar '^.Udfibent beffelben. ^\bi"e 'iserfammlungen murben burd) Disfuffiren ber 
^agesereigniffe unb burd) bumoriftifd)c, ironifd)e unb farfaftifd)e 'Keben, aber and) 
t)urd) (i'rfrifdjungen gemiir^t unb ibr "Isergniigen mar uon mirtlid) bcr;ilid)er XHrt. 
.Hartenfpiel, fomie politifd)e ober gefdidftlidje Unterbaltung gab es nid)t in biefetn 
(Slub. -Isielen biefer ^l^erfammlungen ober Cyefellfd)aften moljnten aud) bie Ji'^^"*;" 
ber :}J{itglieber bei. l)iefer (5lub beftanb uon 1880 bis 1895. Der 58erfaffer 
biefer ^eilen trug oiel .^um ~i>ergniigen Deffelben bei. 



Oenfologie i)er SHittcr JVamtlic. 59 

^^iUp 3. Siitter i[t in ber ©tabt, in ber er luofjut, aH eiix Ii6eraU;(efinnter 
unb liticra(er iDiann betannt, bcr mader baran c;e()oIfen l)at, biefe ©tabt burd) il)re 
manntgfalticiie ^s"bu[trio betannt ,^n niad)en, inbent er fein ®efd)iift itber nlte 
<Staaten ber Union auobeljnte unb baburd) '^U)ilabelpl)ia iiberall betannt niad)te. 
%ud) iDirb er ^od)!.neid)at3t fur ba5 iirofee '^sntereffe, taz^ er [teto an ber ^li>ol}lfaljrt 
ber Stabt unb itjren beften ^3ntereffen aenommen t)at. 

©cfdioftlidje I'cftcii Wiip 3- !Hitter§. 

^^Ujilip ^\. ^Kitter'o i^efdjiiftlidie !t'aufbat)n begann iin iHpril 1.S54, alo er fid) 
im :3ce Sream ©rofe^ unb MIeint)anbel etablirte. ^iefe? (^)efd)aft unir ini erften 
Sa(}re fef)r gut unb im ^}rii()|aljr 1855 mietl)ete er ba'o .s>auo (iio ^Haa 3tr. u^^ 
etablirte bafelbft neben feinem Jce 6ream=(Mefd)aft ein (5onfection'j=(^)efd)dft unb 
eine '.ydderei. iix arbeitete angeftrtncjt, mar aber nur tljeilmeife erfotgreid). T'ie 
im ^Janbe l)errfd)enbe gefd)dftlid)e 3)epreffion unb ber titljle 3ommer maren ^-atto-- 
ren, bie er nid)t controlliren f'onnte. 3)ie gefd)aftlid)e Sepreffion bielt mel)rere 
:^sal)re an unb uidbrenb biefer ^eit arbeitete ^^sl)ilip ^s- ^^itter angeftrengt unb lebte 
tifonomifd), mot)l miffenb, baf? 5(uobauer ©rfolg bringen mitffe. (ir legte fid) 
bamaki auf bao (Fatering=G)efd)dft unb Ueferte Suppero unb 'i-^antette fiir 33d(Ie 
unb dl)nlid)e ^•eftlid)teiten. 1857 unb 1858 crpftalifirte er meljrere ;ionnen 
J-riid)te, bie er an (SonfectionerQ uertaufte. 

^m September 1861 ging er nad) 'ilHif()ington, 3). (i., mietbete bort eine 
'■Bdderei unb etablirte bort eine @ro^= unb .Hlein= Mud)en: unb '']jafteten='$5dderei, 
beren "^srobufte er meifteno an bie .s>dnbler uertaufte, meld)e bie oerfd)iebenen 9te= 
gimenter mit liiebensmittein oerforgten, bie im Umtreife oon 10 ^l.lteilen um ')&^aii)' 
ington lagen, um biefe 3tabt gegen bie fiiblid)en ^iKebellen ,^u fd)iil3en. ^iefes 
©efc^dft mar jebod) nnr ,viH'i ^sal)xe uortbcilbaft. Bobalb e'o aufbiirte, gut ^lu fein, 
ging "^^stjilip nad) '^^U)ilabelpl)ia juriid unb iibernal)m mieber bie 'I'eitung feineQ ©e= 
fdjdft'o, bao md()renb feiner i'(buiefen[)eit feine G5attin unb feine (fltern mit Unter= 
ftiil3ung feinee ^^ruber'S (Sbriftian gefiil)rt batten, (io lagen bamaho in I'agern in 
ben 'Inn-ftdbten '^U)ilabelpbia''o nio()l 20,000 inualibe 3olbaten. (S"o gab jmei 
i'ager ober ^ofpitdler mit je itber 5,000 ^^noaliben in benfelben. iHn jebem Sager 
befanb fid) ein Xfaben, in benen bie 3olbaten ibre 'i^ebitrfniffe eintaufen tonnten. 
■^n biefen l^aben gab eo 5lud)en, '|>ie un& o»^^t' (5ream, mit meid)en bie 'i^er. 3 tauten 
Sitegierung bie 3olbaten nid)t oerforgte. X)amalo mar uon ber ^^unbeeregierung 
mit Sanftion bee Gongreffeo eine gro^e "DJtenge ^^apiergelb auegegeben morben unb 
bie 3olbaten ert)ielten prompt ^^ejal)lung fiir ibre 3)ienfte. Xa fie in ben 3^elb= 
jiigen oiele Gntbef)rungen auegeftanben butten, tbaten fid) gar oiele 3otbaten an 



60 OencQlogic Her Diittcr Somtlie. 

ben Secferdiffen t^ttlid), tiio fie in biefen t'al>en er{)alten fonnten. ^tefes ©efd^dft 
bauerte itiuu'faiu" ^vei oial)rc unt> uuilirenb Mefev ^^it f)atte ber 3d)reiber biefer 
3eilcn flcif?ig gearbeitet unti aiuo leinein 'Iserbienft genug gefpart, baf? er tianu &ie 
Wrunblage fiir feine fpdterc gofclHiftIid)e 'L-aufbal)u in befriet>igenber "li^eife legen 
t'onnte. 

^^m otii^)!"'-' ^^^~ {)ei'i"fd)te une^er cine unbefricftigenbe @efd)dft'jlage unb er 
uertaufte fein Wefdidft imti reifte bann tmrd) ^ie ineftlidien 3 tauten, iim ^Ln■t nad) 
giinltigen ('»)efd)dftQ=Welegent)eiten Umid)au ,su l)alten. X)a er nid)to fanti, mae 
feinen ^sbecii uuP feinem Wefdimarf bel)agte, tcun er im I'e^^iember 18(57 nad) '].U)i: 
Iabelpl)ta ^uritd unl) lebte &ort ^uriirfgejogen nom @efd)dft. 3lud) im 'ILUnter 18G8 
tDiir nid)t uiel We(egenl)eit, Ci'tumo .^u t()un. 

^sni ^vriibjabr 18(i8 ()ielt er tmnn in alien ^beilen t>er 3taM Uni)d)aii nad) 
einer paffenben Wefd)dftolage un^ ^anl) fd)lie^lid) ein 0')runt)l"tiid', Dao fiir eine 
foldie fid) erprobte. ti'o wax tiao ^ao (Mrnnbftiid' 2211-13-15-17 Ai"i^"t'forli 
iHue. Tort etablirte er fid) in feinem alien (^efd)dft alci (Confectioner, .Hud)en^ 
bdder un? ^sce C5reai)i 'Duuter, ,^n ^em er bann nod) (5antn);Aabritation fiigte. (rr 
rid)tete mni ein grof^eo s^^au'i niit einem anftofuM^^en fd)bnen Vatien ein nnD parallel 
bamit einen eleganten ^sce (Sream '^.nirlor, )ine nod) teiner in jenein Xbeile ber 
2tabt beftanb. (5"r fabri.^irte tiao 'i-^efte uon xHllem unt) nertaufte ^n mdpigen 
'^>reifen, moburd) fein llnternel)inen oon i'lnfang an ein Ci'rfolg lonrDe. Cir mad)te 
ein grof^CG ^etaiUC^efdjdft in feinem Vaben unD ein ':llU)olefale=(yefd)dft niit tien 
anbern Vdben in jenem iheilc '].U)ilabelpl)ia'o. 

Jm ioerbft 1869 begann er ^a'o '].srdferoiren lum Ariid)ten ah (^)efd)dft. ;^n= 
erft ftellte er luir i'lpfelbutter l)er, ^ann bie anberen Arnd)tprdferiien. ^^Jdbrenb 
ber erften jioei Jal)re uertaufte er auomdrt^ feine iiniaren nur nad) ')ieni ^J)orf. 

1870 baute ^sbilip ^s. ^){itter anf 2211 unt) 2218 Jrantforti xHoe. jiuei 
l)iibfd)e gro^e VdDen unt) einen grofu'n 3aal iiber t)enfelben u)l^ i)erinietl)ete t)ie^ 
feo ^^axi<5>. Taffelbe l)atte ^4,000 ^u banen get'oftet unb brad)te SDOO Dtietbe per 

)^m }ta[}XQ 1871 bel)itte er fein C^kM^'bdft in prdfernirten Ariid)ten auf anCere 
Stdbte au'o, inbe)n er ^l)cdn)u-r engagirte, )oeld)e biefe ^^.Huuen ^ort oerlanfte)!. 

^su 1875 t)atte fid) t)aG (siefd)dft in prdferoirten A-rud)ten \n fold)ein Um^ 
fange auegebebnt, t)af^ t)ie Veitung bei^er Wefdjdfte \n Idftig fiir ibn luur&e. (iv 
gab t)al)er im ^jiouember biefee Atifl^ee tiao (fonfectionei unt) ^ce t5ream=®efd)dft 
auf un^ Oebnte ^ao Arud)t=']Jrdferuiren=C'*3efd)dft meiter auo, intiem er l)inter feinen 
(Siruntiftuden an Aranffort) xHoe. ein Aablitgebdu^e errid)tete. 'i.U)ilip ^s. ^Hitter's 
\)t)ee luai, ein (^efd)dft auf,^ubauen, t)ao er uber ^ie gan,^en "l^ereinigten 3taaten 



©enealogic licr SRitter J?omtItc. 61 

auc.t)ef)nen fonntc, unit Dao erreid)tc cv in menic^en ;^,aljrcn. 1880 fonnten ?Ritter'^ 
'•^.U-iiferncn faft in alien StdMen mm '^tcm ;^)orf 6i^ San ?francioco un^ non 'DJcm 
Crlenno bic nad) '^IJinncfota ^um 'inn-fnnf i^efunticn mert>en nnt) tiie 'JluobetiniuuT; 
t>C'5 ("'3cfd)aftcc nntr?c ,^u otncr ocit au'ot^ofn()rt, in uicld)er &ie ncrticrbUdifte G5e= 
fdidftcitieprelfion in ?cn 'iscr. 3taaten l)m-)d)tc, von 1S78 bio 1880. ^ao ba= 
nuilc> in Circulation bcfinMidic O^iel? univ nn reni&ivtcv Ueberbleibfel t^eo (■^vofu'n 
^HebcIIioncifric(U'Ci un^ boftan? in ticincn ^^.^nncvnotcn uon 5, 10, lo, 25 unP 50 
O'onlo, ^cn (^)rccnbarf=']iotcn non $1 aufunivto unb "Ocational^'i^anfnoten, fomic 
Mu^ifcr un? Tiidci ZdK\t>om\\v^m. iHm 1. ,^snnnar 1880 na()men bie 'i^er. 2taa= 
ten bie 'i-^aariu'lb: (Specie) oa[)lun(^ uncber anf, nuivauf fid) bad (Mefdidft neu 
bclebte. 

^sn 1880 unirbe haz^ Arud)t::'^'sraferiien=©efd)dft fo (ebl)aft, baf; baci C"tabliffe= 
nient fid) ah ,^u t'lein eruneo nnb eine (^rof^re Aiibrit lU'baut mevben nutate. Tao 
(U'fdial) 1.S81 nnb in 1888 ntuf5ten meiteve '-iNevgvofun-nni^cn nort^enommen mevben. 
l^amalc•. t'anfte ^].M)ilip "s. ^Kitter eine 185 bei 145 Anifj flvofee alte 'i^rauerei, 809 
— 331 ©reen 3tr., ,^ur 'J(ucibel)min("^ feinev ^"vnbrif. ^ie '^ladifrai^e nad) "iNrdferoen 
mar fo ftarf, tia^ bie '^(rbeiter in biefem (5"tab[iffenu'nt ^at^ unb "i)iad)t arbeiten 
mnfUen, um biefclbe i,n bcfriebigen. C^irnnb ba,^u mar bie ^I)atfad)e, ^a^ alle 
3(rten non (*>iefd)aften int ivin,^en Sanbe fid) neubelebt fatten unb ba^ bie ''^srdfernen 
unb :?(pfelbutter ,^u einem fo niebrii^en ^^.'reife nerfauft unirben, M^ alle ."^laffen 
ber 33epi3It'eruni^ biefelben erreid)en fonnten. 

^sn 1882 nevmanbelte '].U)iIip ^s. 'Kitter fein aucH^ebel)nteo G)efd)dft in cine 
3(ftien = GlefcUfdiaft unter ber /;-irma ,/^sf)ilip -3. MJitter (Jonfernc Compani)." 
iJiefelbe begann il)re 4:f)dti(^feit mit $100,000 ilapital unb einem Ueberfc^uf? non 
$25,000. 3u biefer @efellfd)aft f\ef)in-en neben il^m fein 33ruber (S!)riftian ^liitter, 
fein 3o()n @eorc3e 38. ^H'xtkx, fcine J^-van X^ouife ^iitter, .'oerr jy. A". .*oofman, 
.s>err ^vancio ^. 2)iUman unb fein Sdimac^er, .'oerr tsof)n ©egen^eimer. ^l>l)ilip 
ts. ^Hitter murbe ,^um ^^srdfibcntcn, dljriftian ?Hitter ,sum 'i^ice=''^>rdfibenten, ATrtncio 
^s. Tillman ^um 2(^a^meiftcr unb 3S. A'- i>ofman ,^um Sefretdr errodl}lt. Tiefe 
llmfleftaltunfl fanb ftatt, nieil '^sl)ilip ^s- ^Hitter bie Ueber^euflung flcmann, tia^ fein 
©efc^dft su gro^ inerbe, fo baf? im AflHe feines 'Jobes feine ^vau unb feine minber= 
jdlirigen "Rinber baffelbe nid)t meiter fiif)rcn fonnten unb t)a^ tia^ fiir fie grofee 53e= 
fd)merben unb 'Iserlufte int (^jefolge Ijabcn miifUe. Tiefe ^sbee unb bie 2(ufna()me 
non Veuten in bie WefeUfd)aft, bie ftete feljr treue '.}(rbeiter in ben non i()nen cinge= 
nommenen '^Udt5en gemefen, ermiee fid) ah eine fe()r glurflid)e unb alle arbeiten 
nod) je^t in .s>annonie i)n allgemeinen beften ^sntereffe bes @efd)dft5. 



62 ©eneoloflie fter iRitter gfominc. 

1883 unternahiit %U)t(ip "s. ^Hitter feine erfte ^l^etfe nadi (Falifornien unb 
fauftc bort mcbvorc Car=!i'atmn(^cn 3(vnt'oicn unt> ,Uiv)cf)en in luftttid)ten 5^itdiicn. 
3(udi btcci ennieci fid) alo oin i-(utcc. Unterncl)mcn. xHud) alle ,^sn()rc oon 1883 bio 
1890 umrcn prolperivenbe. 

1890 veifte ^Uiilip ^s. "Mxtkx fd)on im -I1iat nadi Galifornien, urn o^ro^ere 
Cuantitdtcn A-viiditc ,^u taufen. ^sn biefem ^satire mar bie A-i'ud)ternte in ben 
Stanten oftlid) nom A'ellenc;ebir9c ein nolligcv A-cl)l)d)Iac( unb faft ber ganje 33ebarf 
fiir )cin c\xo\^C'-}< C^icfdiaft nuif,te aus (Salifornien be.^ogen merben. 

Das ^saf)r 1890 nnirbe bao "J^nnncrjabr bee ©efd^afts. Die ')^id)frage nad) 
feinen '^robuften wax jo c^rofe, baf? eci faft unmoc^Iid) roar, biefelbe ^u befriebigen. 
3(urf) 1891, 1892 unb 1893 roaren i^ute Wefd)dftoia()ve. 

'^sn 1891 rief 'isf)ilip :^s. ^Hitter in @emeinfd)aft mit .s>rrn )Hob^xt i^idmott 
non .^ai)uiarb'>, (Jalifornien, in Daf'tanb, (Sal., eine ,,(5anneri)" ins Seben, urn 
feine A-ritd)te ,^u praferniren. .<oierin batten fie einen aucH;\e,^eid)neten (Srfolg. 
:3^re ^"yritdite evbielten fdmeU itberall, mo biefelben nerfauft nntrben, einen po^iig^ 
tid)en )Hui megen ibrer auoge^^eidineten Cualitiit unb megen ibres feinen 9(roma. 
^m Is'-xljxe 1891 evriditeten fie, anf cinem ?,u biefem ;^m^d gefauften grofeen 
Wrunbftiid neben ber (Sannerp, ein grof^es !i?ager[)auG. 1892 prcifernirten fie, 
neben ben A-nidjten, and) 3,000 Swiften ©pargel. ^m 3tuguft biefes ;3al)re5 rodre 
.'Oerr .'oidmott beinabe getobtet morben, als er in 3an A'l'anciseo oon einer 
'Strafu'ncar getroffen nnirbe. Qx lag banuils 10 ^age lang befinnungslo^. 
'■^U)ilip ^s. ^)iitter unb ^AUIliani .sSenrp ^)(itter, fein Sobn, unirben nun telegrapf)if(^ 
nad) (5alifornien berufen unb fie reiften fofort bortbin ab unb iibernaf^men bie 
Seitung ber Sannerp. ®te blieben, bi^ faft alle Tlniaren iierfd)ifft unb bas @e* 
fd)dft fiir biefes ^s<^{)x abgefd)loffen unir. 'Am 15. December reiften fie mieber 
nad) ^l^sbilii^t^Ipbia ab. 1893 Ii3fte ^:i>f)i(ip ^s- Skitter feine ^sartnerfd)aft mit §errn 
.'pidmott auf, aber er erljdlt nodj l)eute feine caIifornifd)eu A"riid)te wn i)errn 
§idmott. 

1893 roar bie Columbia 9lusftellung in Chicago. *^sl)ilip ^s. Skitter ging am 
1. 5lpril nac^ Chicago, uberroad)te unb leitete bort bie 9(usftellung ber '^V'ljilip ^s- 
3?itter Confernen (Somp. unb blieb bie ,^um ^sii"i/ roann er roieber nad} bem Dften 
!am, um l)ier nac^ feinen mannigfaltigen '^sntereffen },n feben. 5(ber im :^suli gin^^ 
er roieber in 33egleitung feiner A'^inilie nad) (Sbicago unb blieb bort, bi^ bie 91ii§= 
ftellung am 1, ^}ionember gefd^loffen nnirbe. 

1893 entftanb roieber eine allgemeine ©efd^dftsbepreffion in ben ^Isereinigten 
©taaten unb (jielt met)rere :5al)re an. cyefd;dfte aller %xt litten barunter unb aud^ 
ba§ 3^rud)t=^:]Brdferoen=®ef(^dft roar nidjt mel)r loljuenb. Diefe Depreffion ^telt 



(Senfologie ber DJittcr i?omiIic. 63 

nn 6ici 1898, mann entilid) eine 'Beffeninc^ eintrat. ""^^fjilip ^s. ^^^itter unirbc ba= 
male neranlaf^t, in einc neitc 3(fticn=(*octenfd)aft ^ur ^yabrifation mm @ie mit einem 
3(ttienfapital oon $100,000 ein.^utvetcn. ^^Uiilip "s. ^)iittcr iinivtic ,^um ^:]>riiii&en= 
ten bev neuen GlcfcIIfdiaft unb .s>crr iv. "I'lv .sSofmnn, ber Setretiir bcr "•^. ^. 'M'xiiex 
Confernen Comp., ,^um 3d)afimcifter crnia()(t. I^iefeci Unterncl)nton eruncci fid) 
a(6 ein G"rfol(^ unb bie (^iefollfd)aft l)at foit bcni .^ineiten Csiif)re it)reo 33eftel)en6 
gate ^inibenbe auf fetne 5(ttien nerbient unb be^a()lt. 

t^ie ts'^'H'f i^"-^" ^ ^^"^ l^^-' ^ •^^■i umron im ']>rdfeviien=Gkfd}dft, foroeit bac 
^]>lliHp ^s- fitter betrifft, cveitpn|>loo. Xa'o innere ©efdjnft ift nod), mie fdion feit 
Ptelen o^nbrcn, in ben .s>dnbcn beci .'oervn (5l)riftian 'fitter, ti'v unb fein 3ot)n 
(5()arlec-. nbevnuid)t'n unb Icitcn bio A-abrifation. .s>en- a. 'Ji^. .'Oofman leitct bie 
alliUMneinc 'iscvmaltuniv bio Gorrefponbcn', unb ben 'isert'auf ber '^.srobutte. .s^evv 
A. ?s. Tillman leitete ben Crinfauf ber A-riidite unb beforgte bie Aiiuinsi^efdidfte ber 
J^irma, bici er U)02 [tarb. Seit jener ^eit bat ,s>err ')l^ .s>. ^){itter, ber bio bal)in 
bte Aflbritation ber 53led)biidifen leitete, neben biefer 3tellung bie Stellunc^ bee 
.^errn T'iUman iibernommen unb nermaltet biefelbe niit einem Btab<i non 3(nge= 
ftellten. '^'bilip >s. ^T^itter ift im 2tanbe (.•<euiefen, einen Ibeil feiner -Tbdtiqfeit 
auf^ut^eben unb bait fid) jefet ,^um 4^l)eil ,^urud'c^e,^03en nom G)efd)dft. G'in ge= 
fd)n:idd)ter @efunb()eitQ,^uftanb mad)te bas fiir if)n ,^u etner '^cot^twenbigfeit. ^s" 
ben le^ten ^mei ^saf)ren roar fein @efunbf)eit5?iuftanb ein befferer geinefen unb er 
rourbe im '^^idi;^ 1904 mieber ,^um '•]>rdfibenten ber Philadelphia Ice Exchange 
qenidl)lt. 



64 Oenettloflic I)cr iWitter J^omtfie. 



Slnnisa (i>pgpitItPtntrr-Ettt?r- 



i'ouifa ^)Cl•^cn()ctmer=:^itter, tiie C^^nttin uon ']}l)ilip ,"s. ')^ittcv, unirtie am 14. 
:}(pril 1S80 in 'iU)ilatic(pl)ia luHun-cii. 2ic il't bio liorfiter non ,"sol)ann ober ,^of)n 
iinb ,\uftina C'HH^onlicimor, i^ob. .'ood)uialb, auo '^.U)ila&el).il)ia. Die Gftern bcr 
A-viiu ^Kittov uHivcit 1880 mid) ticn "^ht. Staaten eiiu^'manbcrt. ,^o()n lliid)ael 
f*'5ciu"nl)cimcv mar in /sttcrobad) im ('>)vo|V)cr,^ot^tI)um '^aben, I^eutfdilant), im ^\al)V( 
1S04 (-(cbovcn. ,^nl"tina (^)cc(enl)eimer ftammtc auo .Hnittlim^en, einem Btiibtdien 
imn 2,000 (iinmol)novn im Monipircid) 'IlUirttcmbevi^, mo i{)r isater, o,. .s^od)malb, 
cin nmblbabcnticv ^^'anbmivtl) mar. '^M)ilip ;a. ^Hitter nnb f^attin bcfud)ten 1886 
t^ao >>auo, in bom bic 'Dintter Derfelbcn (■(cborcn morbcn mar. Taci Mauci befanS 
fid) nod) im c-(utcii ;-^ui"tantio nnD tnic[ nod) ^a'^ i)atum feincr Crrbauunc^ iinti ^cn 
■iliamcn ,,.'ood))nal^." 

,■^01)1) (Mc(^en()eimer un^ fcinc A-vau famen )nit einem l)oIIanbifd)en 3egelld)iffe 
in t>icfeo ^.'anb nnD braud)ten \n biefev A-al}rt I'iO Tage. 3ie Ijatten eine fd)mere 
l^'Hcife unli oer.^ireifelten oft Itaran, tiaf? fie lebenb biefes Sanb erreid)en miirben. 
^sf)re 4:od)tev i'onifa unb ii)re A'^milie ka,tm biefelbe mi)xt 1885 imb 1889 in 
Dampfcrn bcr (5unarb=i.'inie in Q^ unb 7 Jac^en ,^ururf. ®ao mar 56 unb 59 
0,al)re fpiiter. xHber ,Aol)n GH'c-(enl)eimer nnb ^-rau iibevfta)ibcn biefe lange 5Heife 
(^lnd(id), l)attcn l)ior cin Xutjenb Minbcr unb crreidjten cin filter non iiber 80 
^sa()ren. 

l^ouifa (*'H\^enf)ei)ner erl)ielt il)rc (i'r,^ie()uni:t in "^^sliilabelpfjia'ci offentUc^en 
2d)ulen. 3ie mar cine (\nk unb c^elefjric^e 3d)uleri)i unb nad)bein fie 14 -^ai^xc 
alt (HMimrben, nevliefi fie bie 3d)ulc unb lebte sroei ^al)re lan(\ )nit oiner befreun-- 
beten Aamilie, in bcr fie bie .'oauol^altung fiifjren lernte. -Hcit il)re)n 16. ^ai)xe 
rourbe fie ^iserfdufcri)i in einem 6onfectioner=@efdE)dft. ^sni filter non 19 ^afjren 
Derf)eiratl}ete fie fic^ mit '^t)iUp 3. ^titter, '^^re ®l)e mar ftets eine glu(lli(^e unb 
am berfelben entfproffen nier .*Rinber : 

1. (iieorge ii>. SRitter, geboren ben 9. m'dx^ 1860. 

2. ^l^i)\liTp ^s. ))Jitter, geboren ben 14. 'O^onemSer 1861, 

3. SUxi A. ^)iitter, geboren ben 13. 5(pril 1866. 

4. -i\>il()elm i)enn) ^Kitter, geboren ben 17. g-ebruar 1869, 

3ur ^tit il)rer 'lser()eiratl)ung mar Tixau ^Kitter mol)I proportionirt, etma^ 
grower, roie "iUidbdjcn in biefem filter ju fein pflegen, mit einem onalen 03efidjt unb 



(^riiealogtc Drr IRittcr i^amtlie. 65 

votden Tl>aniu'ii. 3io liattc ^u^folbnut^oo .sSnar un^ iHiu^on unb fonntc n'o()t 
bruuett (^citaniit uu-vtion. Tor iHuobvud: il)ror 'Jliuu'ii iinti iljvco C^iofidito ift oin 
milbcv unti aiu^encl)mor, unb iliv C51)avattcv ]'tcl)t in .VMn-nionic mit Mciom iHuobnicf 
uuti u'ui^t fiiv tiio i^ito un^ tvcuc 3 cole, bio in il)vom .Uorpov iuol)nt. 'L'ouifa ift 
otno c\\\t\: A-rau fiiv il)i"Oii '3Jiaim unti oiuo luitii^o "IKuttor fiir il)vo ,*>\tni)ev. Sie 
loitoto faft ubllii^ t^ao ')iotnil (">)old)dft il)vo'o (^'iatton un^ mit unonniitiliitov (Snerc^ie, 
iini^onebmom unb tU'folliiU'ni 'Ah'Iou un^ ftrouiU'i" XHufinortfainfoit fiir Dno C^Jofdiiift 
uorlinlf fio t>iojotn ^u loincm (i'vfoUv Ta fio oin i^utoo uiib i^ofiinDeci Urt()eil in 
bov I'oitnnii boo C^H'fdidftCo l)nt, ornuH^iid)to fio oo ibroni ("'iatton, baf^ biofov bor 
AHibritiUion non "•^.MUiron, t^io ov uortanfto, fonno Doni "ilUiolofalo omoitioo foineci 
("-iofdiiifto feino uollo ^'(nfnterffamt'oit ,uunonbon fonnto. 

.'sbv ('"HM'unbbcito^uiftnnb war ludbvonti bov orften 25 ^^abro ibi'ov Ci'bo oin 
^iomlid) i^utor; fio litt ab unb \\\ untor bi)cpoptifd)on 'ix'fdjmovbon, bio fid) oft ikv- 
fd)linunovton, bi'o oo ibvom ^iattcn i^inni^, oin '•IKittol vi finbon, bao ibr bann 
fofortit^o ^v.'inbonuu^ uorfd)affto. '^ladibont biefoQ i'eiben uoriibor war, orfreute fie 
fid) i^itor ('*)ofunbboit unb univfo ftart, fo baf? fio oinft 174 '^vfunb \voc[. ,^m iMlter 
von 65 ^sabvon mioflt fio iot3t nod) iibov 150 '^sfunb. ^I'l bon lot^ton ^moi ,^abron 
ift ibv ouftanb jobod) in aoU^o uon ^^'obor= unb "■)ciorcnbofd)uiorben toin bofonbere 
ptor i;\oiuefen. 



66 ®enralontc l)er IXittrr ^nmiltc. 



Katliartna iRtttrr-CEnok, 

(finjigc todftet bon 3ol)oiinc«i iinb CPIifobctJ) SHittcr, ^tb. in 2)rfifen tm 3af)re 1834. 

3ic unir?c in ^or 3cl)ulc i!)vco .N>cimatl)oovtco or,^oi^on, unir cine c\utc ^d)\i- 
loiin mill Icrnto pvoinpt ','lllco, iinio in Diofcv 3d)ulc tu'l*^'l)vt iinirtic. 14 ,\aI)vo 
alt, iinivttc fio in i)cr protoftantiicbcn SVwdK confirniirt nnb ucvlicr, bann tiio cdmlc, 
nut ini .s>auic ibrcr (iitcvn in ^cl■ Manolialtniu^ nntcnnict'cn ^u mcrticn. ,^ni '.Mltcv 
non l.S ,^111)1-011 unmticvtc jic nad) "Jlntcrita ano. 3ic ful)v mit cincnt Tanipfcv l^cn 
^)i()ein l)inab nnt> fdiifftc fid) t>ann in Maine tic C^h-acc in cinem 3ec-(elld)iffo nad) 
"DJein ^J)ort' ein. 76 Ztagc bauertc ^io A-al)vt, 'Die ii'w .S\ati)arina t^urd) fd)iiicrc 
3turme, lanc^' 3eefrant'()cit k. \n tcincr bcfonticro aiu^cnel)nu'n iinivbe. 

iWid) i()rcr 'JInt'unft in "}ioui :')ort tani .Hat()arina nad) ']J[)i(at)oIpI)ta unti wax 
I)icr in Man'ol)altun(^cn bcfd)aftii^t, bio jic 1S54 ,"sol)annco Mod) bcivatbctc, ^cr 
jebod) bier fcincn 'Xiamen in .^obn (Soot ntnc^MiianLiclt battc. Mod) wax 1830 in 
2i>einc^avtcn int (^h-o)V)cr,^oi'\tbnin ^l^abcn i^cborcn, Icvntc nad) iHblanf fcincr 3d)nl; 
.^eit uicr ,^abrc alo 3d)lo)1cr nnti tani ISoO nad) XHnicrifa, rcfp. "l^bilabclpbia. 
.<oier arbcitctc cr nict)rcrc Csn')!"*-' nl'^ ':l1iafd)ini[t, wax fpavfa))) nnti ctablirtc bann 
cin C^3rocen)=Ck'id)dft, tiao cr fiir boi i^rofUcn ^()ei( fetnes Sebene betrieb. 3d)Iie^= 
lid) nert'auftc cr bicfco (S)rocen)=G5efd)aft nnb )nant>tc fid) tier A-abrit'ation non 
®pic("\cli^laci 511. ;^n biefcm (*')cfd)aft mar cr jcbocb nnr incnii^c /,al)rc tbdtiiv iicr= 
fauftc tiaffclbc nnti fcit jencr ^i-nt Icbt cr mit fcincr Aran oon jcbcm C'icfdjdft 
,mrudfle,^oc^cn. 

Xa<5 ^^.Htar b^ttc nicr Mincer, uon Dcncn cinco in t)cr Minbbcit ftarb, llHibrcn^ 
brei am Vcbcn blicbcn. "isoit bicfcn ift iHnmlia mit .s>crrn o«obn "Inic^lcr ocrbciratbct. 

'■Isicr ,S\in^cr nnirbcn ibncn c^-borcn, tirci ^od)tcr nnb cin 3obn. CS'inc Tod)= 
ter ftarb in ttcr Minbbcit, bic anbcrcn \\inbcr Icbcn nod). o»^)i"^-" "^iiiincn finb ; 

1. Vonifa, bic dltcftc, lU^Htrcn in 1858. 

2. ^jlmclia, (■\cborcn in 18(i0. 
o. 0)corc\c, (icborcn in 1864. 



(iienfiiloflic Urr iRittrv i^omiltc. 67 



m 



(ElirtBttan iRtltrr 

bon 4>l)iial>clpl)ia, jiing^cr 8ol)ii Don :3ol)auncd Ih'ittrr tion X)reifen. 

($I)riftirtn ')ftttcr iinirtic m oicilirc 1S44 ,m Treifcn i^eboren. C5"r war o 
(■(cfuntico ftart'O'o ,S\inti unti aio tiao ^l•ci,^el)nto fcinov (i'lteru 24 ^V^^)!"*-' jiiiHU'i" nl^^ 
fotn dltcftcr "^-^niticr. (i"v bciud)tc i^ic 3d)ulc in Tvcifcn imv cin ,\al)r unt' tain 
int fiobcntcn o^alirc nad) '].U)ilat)cIpl)ia unt) bcenbit^tc fcino 3d)ul^cit in ticn 3d)ulcn 
^^U)ilat)elpI)ta''o. 

Cbviftian U\m fd)on jnni^ inci C^iofdjaf t ; cr i)a[^ oftcro fcinoni '^•>vu^ov '].U)ilip 
^^. in fcincm (5ontiitov^('')cfd)aft nnti cvlcrnto tiajfclbo alo fcin .s>ani:iUH'vt un^ avbei= 
teto nad) 'lHil(cn&nn(-( foinor ^x.'cbv^oit fiir ncvfdjict'onc ('>)oid)atto in '^U)i(ai)olpl)ia unb 
'Ii>a)l)int-(ton. Mur^ nadiiicnt cr fcin 20. ^aljx cvrcid)! battc, uorfieivat()cto cv fidj 
unb finii oin (5ontiitor=©i?fd)dft an an] oii;\ene ^Ked)nuniv tiv battc iS'xfoic\ in tient 
©ofdnift bio ^n fcinoni 29. 2ebenGia()rc. T'a unirbc cr ?uvd) cine fdnncrc .S\ranf= 
l)cit bctroffcn, bic ibm tmrd) '^nu-alpfi'o bic nntcrcn ,S\orpcrtl)cilc Idbmtc nnD cr 
faft cin gan,^eo ^^aljr an bao 'Ix'tt uni) .s>ano c^cfcffclt mar nnti mcbrcrc oi^^brc mit 
^riid'en geljen nutate. (i"r inar gc.yiuuu^cn, fcin Wcfd)dft auo.^iUiicrfaufcn. 'Jtac^ 
bem 9(uc>iicrfanf feinee ©efd^dfts, gab i()in fcin '^niber cine 5(nftellnni^ alo 'Box- 
mann in fcincm (iDnfernen=@efd)dft, abcr mcbrcrc o»abrc lani^ imifUc cr mit cincr 
.^utfd)c in bao 03efd)dft get)o(t unb XHbcnbo micbcr bcimgcbrad)t mcrbcn. T)ie 
-^sarah)fio obcr Vdbmnng in ben 'i-^cincn murbc allmdblig bcffcr, fo baf^ cr o()ne 
.Hriirfcn t^cbcn tonntc nnb anftatt :;mci 3torfc gcbrand)tc, nnb fo ift co and) gebties 
ben. 2 cine ti.irpcrlid)e 0)efunbl)cit ift febr c^it, nnr bic Vdl)inniu^ ift nic befeitigt 
morbcn. ^m :^al)rc 18S2 umnbelte fcin '^rnbcr '^U)ilip ^^. fcin C'icfdidft in cine 
3(t'tien=0)efcltfd)aft nm nnb (5I)riftian ^-Kittcr, ber bic Aabritation beo OicfdidftcG 
fii()rte, unirbe alo iHftiondr 4:l)cill)abcr nnb '^sicc=''V'i"i^fibent ber C^JcfcUfdiaft, eine 
StcUc bic cr bio ^n bem bcutigcn ^^age ,;,ur notlften .Sufricbenbeit ber 0)cfeUfd)aft 
bcgleitet. 

(51)riftian :'}{ttter ncrtjciratljctc fid) in 1865 mit 53carp .Vidfer von '^sottonilte, 
-^Hi. liefer Crbc cntfprangcn 12 Minber; ^mci banon ftarbcn in ber .S\inbbcit nnb 
10 finb nodj am Vcbcn, monon bao jiingftc Minb and) 24 ^aljvi jiingcr ift, alo Xia^ 



68 



(Henealogie Iicr JRitter ilfamilie. 



iiltcftc, l■^ova^c fo nno boi foincnt 'Isatcr. l^k uoUc "i5efd)vcibuiu^ feinev ^J{od)fommen 
ift ill tiom cnc^lifdjcn il)otl tiieieo '-i-^udico cntl)altt'n. Xk Oiamen biefer Ainber finb: 



1 
2 
3 
4 
5 
6 
/ 

S 

9 

10 

n 

12 



(ilifabetl) ^liei^na ^Kittcr, (^cboren 21. Dfiir^ 1865. 
(iliriftian ilUIbelm, (^eboven 26. "suli 1866. 
Duiri) ^Hmelin, lU'boren •">. "-^amembcv 1867. 
'){eivna "lluitbilbn, t^cbovcu 2. A-ebntar 1869. 
.U'atbarimi ^^Miulimi, c^eboren 1<>. Aobniar 1.S71. 
\^anva 'Jlbclc, (-(cbovon 10. ^suni 1872. 
2aral) (Slara, i^cborcn 13. Cttobev 1N73. 
Vouifa 'Aliiii), lU'boren 24. 'Jlpril 1875. 
'].U)ilip ,\obann, i^eboren 14. Cttobov 1877. 
,Uarl i'liu^uft, tu'borcn 27. i)iai 1879. 
CS'inina ^liebet't'a, c^eborcn 8. 3optcinber 1881. 
I'iUian ^)ioia, i^oborcn 27. oi^ni l''^89. 



©fncttloflic Iicr iHttter Somilic. 60 

Snltaitu Philip Sitter. 

SBierter Sohn Don ©corji (Jljriflion unli (fuo JHittcr, flcborcn 1801, flcfJorbrn 1871. 

^sol)aun 'IMiilip ^){tttcv unirbc alo inevtcv 3ol)n non C'H'ovi^ C5()riftian ull^ (iim 
^'Hitter am 24. ^simi 1801 im 'Jieuljof bci iiHltleiniiu^cn i^clun-cn. ,^n ^a• 3cl)iilc 
non 3(rtteinin(^en er()ielt or ft'ineii 3d)ulunttTrtd)t unb unirtie &aiclbft ini filter noii 
14 ^snt)ren in bcr proteftantifd)cn Mird)c confivmivt. Tanit I)alf or foinon (iltorn 
in &cr "f^onnrtlifdiaftunin i()reci XUnmofono. ^llo ^ann foino CS'ltorn nad) ^]>olon am-- 
uianberten, blieb or mit feinen 33rut)ern Voren., unb ,^ol)annoo in bor niton Moiniatf) 
n\\t> or ging ,ui feinom Ontel 'i^alontin 2d)roiner in '^rouniivnoilor, bor .*oii(fe boi bor 
isoruialtnng foinor grofton 'i^ofiftung braud)to. ,^o()ann '-^U)ilip bliob boi i()ni 7 ,^sabro 
lang, gouninn in biofor 3eit bae .s>or,^ .Uatbarina 3d)roinor'j, bor irod)tor boo 'Ihu 
lontin 2d)roinor, nnb l)oiratl)oto biofo, nmraut bao jungo '^.naar fid) felbft einen 
.sSini'oftanb griinbete. ^Aobunn '^U)ilip l)atto fid) foinon gan.^on 'iserbionft gofpart, 
fiir banialigo ooit oino rod)t anfol)nlid)o 3nnnno, nnb foino Aran orbte botrdd)tIid) 
(Molb nnb "SLlanb, fo baf, fie iibor oin f)iibfd)OQ 'Isornuigon norfiigton, bao bard) gUid= 
Iid)o Untorneljnion nnb bard) ijf'onoinifd)o .s>an'3l)altnng uiefontlid) norgroftort nnirbe, 
obgloid) fie eine gro^e Aamilie ()atton unb nielo .Hinbor grof5,^ogon. ,V)vo Ci1)o nnir 
eine gliirflid)o nnb ,^nfriobono. 'i^oibo nuiron fel)r gntntiitbit^ nnb liebonennirbiiv 

^so()ann '^Jbilip max 5 Anf^ 8 ;-^oU grofj, broitfdiultorig nnb nio()l proportion 
nirt, mit oinoni ornften aber milbon '.Hncbrud in foinont oiuilon @ofid)t ; or batto 
branno XHngon nnb brannocv faft fd)nHU-505 s^aax. ^^^n foinon jiingoren ^s'il)ron nmr 
or oin l)iibfd)or 'JJiann, foino Wattin oino ljnbfd)o Aran. 3" feineni 4"). ^^subro nuir 
foin .s>aar fd)on ftart orgnuit, nnil)ronb foin C^iofid)! mit rofigon ilningen nod) 
jngonblid) gobliobon mar. 5'-''')ii"'i 'i>bilip mar oin giitigor &atk unb *i^ator, gut= 
I)er^ig nnb ()atte fitr 3*?^ei"'"flnn oin fronnblid)oc "-^iHirt; or max untor foinon 'l)iit= 
biirgern fel}r beliebt unb mol)rere Mak ermd()lten il)n biefo ju il)rom orften 33iir= 
gormeiftor. 

Tiiefe StoUo bol)iclt or, bid or nad) bon isereinigten otaaton auouninborto. 
(i"G mar oin fd)merer Sd)ritt fiir ibn, foin .s>oimatbIanb nnb foino Arounbo ,^n oor= 
laffen, bio il)n ftoto aU bon orfton 'Siirger angofol)on unb goo()rt I)atton. 
5(bor or f)atte gomid)tigo ©riinbo fiir biefen 3d)ritt. ©oino fiinf .Hinbor batton 
fid) boroitc-i in bor 'OJeuon 'ii.n'It angefiebelt, I)atton alio il)r eigones .V)oim unb oc 
ging il)nen gut; babei maren bio gofd)dftlid)on lsor()dItniffo in '^outfd)Ianb nid)t bie 
befton unb fiir bio ;^ufunft fitr ibn unb foino boi ibm gobliobonon fiinf .Uinbor nid)t 
fel)r uorfprod)enb. (i"r uertaufto bal)or foin i^ab' nnb Ohit unb roifto 1857 nad) 
'J(morifa ab, 'imo 3d)iI(or fagt: ,,^eQ 'C'ebeno ungomifd)to Aroubo mirb t'einom 



70 ©cncolonif Dcr SKiltcr J^omilic. 

2lcvhliclion ^u ITlicil," fo machto ,\ol)anii '].U)ilip :)iittov Mcfc (i"rfal)niiu\ and) an 
fidi. (i"o luaron id)UHn'o 3tuur>cn fiiv il)ii lU'iuofcn, alo iciuc ti"ltcvn, fcinc '^•^vu^cv 
un^ fcinc 2d)uicUcrn lUMt il)m i^iiu^'n an? nad) '^nilcn auoiuaniicvtcit, alo fie il)n 
oerliefu'ii, urn il)n nic uncticv ^u fclicn; abcr co umrcn and) fdnucvc 3tunticn, alo 
cr init fcincr Avau unti fiinf .S\inbcrn i()rc Mciiiuitli iiiiti ilivc tl)cuvcn A^■cun^c iicv= 
licficn, uui fie nic niict>cr,^ufcl)cn; non cincni tvantcn Mcini, Dao l)avtc, jabrchiniic 
'Jlvbcit (icfd)affcn; uon 'llatbiiri^crn, ^ovo^ A^■cnn^ unb ^)iatl)i^cbcv cv i^Mucfcn, unl) 
?ic ibn uncticrbolt tiatmrd) lU'cbrt, tiaf; fie ibn ui ibvcnt 'i-^itriU'vniciftcv cvuHil)(t 
l)attcn. -^Mclc ibviincn floffcn bcini iHbfcbicb non bcncn, tiic fie nuibvfd)cinlid) nie 
uncbevfeben unirbcn. 

i.Hber tier '.IKann bat '].vflid)tcn \\i erfitllen. A'itr btvo iisolilbefiutien feiner 
Aiiniilie ,^u fori^en, ift fcinc erftc '^.^flici)t, &ie cv fteto ini ^Mnt^c l)abcn foil 
un? ninf^, niiti cviv oft erfort^ert co i^vof^e Opfev, iiiefev 'i>flicbt tu'vccbt ut luerDcn, 
nn? oft iniiffen allc fentintcntalcn ('>)eful)lc bci 3 cite cu'fet.U meriien, uui bieo 
tbun ^n tbnncn, mic bico iin aoIIc ,\ol)ann '].M)ilip ^Xittevs bev ahII nuiv. 3 cine 
/"vaniilic tvat bic 'Xeife nad) ^.Hnicvita an, bie inancbeilei llnannebnUid)teiten 
nnti '^VM"cl)uieviien fiiv fie batte, 'benn fd)uiere .SU'ant'bcitcn fnd)ten fie anf ticiii 
'ilJiccrc l)eini. ti'ineo ber .S\iniier uuiv cinen i^uv^en Itiu^ befinnniuvr'loo, nnivtie 
aber fd)liefUid) uoni 3d)iff'5ar,U (U'vettet. 'ilcaditieni fie iiUidlid) in 'Jiein ;')ort' 
(^elant^et, blieben fie bovt nitr tnr,^e ;^eit unti traten ?ann tiie tianialo fo lani^e 
unti anftrenc'ientie ')(eife nad) ^eln 'ii^'ften an, ^ie fiir fie befonDero baburd) erfd)]iiert 
nnlv^e, tmf^ fie nid)t im 2tantie maven, oti^lifd) ,^u fpved)en. 3ie veifteii mit t^er 
Ci'ifenbabn unt> per Tampfev )uid) 'i-^urlinc^tou, ^a. l}ovt faufte ^ol))) >M)ilip ')iittci" 
^luei '^^fevtie unb einen '^lHiC(en unb nuu'bte tiann bie ')ieife ini eiiienen A-nbniHTfe 
jueitev anf 3tvafu"n, tiie tiiefen ')canien nid)t uerbioiten, tuivd) ein Vanl), in tieni 
banialo (^vofu'v 'llMiffermancul bcvvfd)te, iinter tienen allc Veute fdjiuei" ,^u leibeu 
l)atten. 'ii>dl)reni:i tier SO ^IKeilen laniu'n Aabit uon '^^nvliniiton nad) '3)a()lDuega, 
^a., wo tiie alteftoi fiinf .Hinder ^)iitter'o lebten, mufUen fie fd))veveo (Melt) fiir 
alleo il.Hiffer be.^ibK'i', ttao fie fiiv fid) nnb ibre A-amilie brancbten. 

•iluu-bbeni fie enPlicb iiiol)lbel)alten in ^al)lone(Vi ancu't'omnien, batten '^otjn 
X^[)\[\\i unt) fein tieueo '^.nnb tiie c^rofu' Aveut^e, all' ibve ^vinbev luiebev um fid) ,ui 
feben. 'in-i ibvev XHnt'unft floffoi il)ninen ber Aventie reid)lid) unb c^rofu'r Aubcl 
l)errfd)te. .S\ur^ nad) feiner xHntunft taufte ^obu '].W)ilip cine A-arm uon S{) ^Mcvn 
uiit tien nbtbiiU'K ('*)ebaut'en nn^ nun )uaren alle i^liidlicb unb uifviet^en, bap, fie in 
ber neuen ilH'lt in eincni eii^MUMi Meini auf'o ".lieue mietier an bie XHrbeit i^el)en 
tonnten. '.Hber ^iefe Areube nuir nur von hw\cv Tauer, benn lueniiu' '.I'lOiuUe luid) 
ibrer '.Hntunft ert'rant'te il)r 2ol)n, ^\o')ii 'i^ljilip ji., am ^i)pl)uo unb ftarb. Dann 



Wciicaloflic bcr iHttfcr ;?amt(ic. 71 

uerlor or uialjvciiti ?co cri'ten ^llMittcro ?ao ^].Miar ^i^fov^l^ tiic cv in ^JnulintUon fur 
SoOU a,dan\t battc, iinio ilim nicbt miv i\xo\\m ^tvcttcn foiiticni and) in?ircttcn "luul)-- 
tfjeil bvad)U, ?omi or bvauditc Mcfc ^l^fcl■^c uotliii^ ^ur O'ultiuiruiu^ fcincr Aiirm. 
Gq &aua-to mcbrorc "sal)rc, olio ool)it ^iU)ilip fid) an ?ii- ^'cbonomcifc unb (^)cbraitd)c 
t)cr Vcutc in ibvor nouou .s>ciniatb lU'inbbnt battc; abcr uad)?iMii fie fid) cini^oiuol)iU 
batten, univcn fio unc^a■ uifricticn nn^ crfrcutcn fid) ibrco ^^'obcno. >>aiiptfad)lid) 
trut^ Ui &icfcni Ulnftan^c ^ic Ibatfad)c bci, t^af^ nad) ISUo alio Aarniprotinttc, wW 
'Bci^cn, f'^HTftc, ^Muiio un^ .s>afa-, founo ^)^i^^= tin? cdjincincflcifd) l)ol)c ^^vvcifc 
cr^iolton. (ilu-nfo brad)tcn iNfcvtio un^ ^liinDuiel) i^utc ^iU'cifc un^ ?ao brad)tc 
^l>rofpcritat ubcr''o c\an\c \^an^. Un^ bctanntlid) i^ibt cc nid)to in ^icfcr ^i}Mt, 
mao tiic 03icnfd)en i;(Uid'lid)cr lIn^ ^nfriciicncr ntad)t, iinc '^U-ofperitiit. 

Tsnt ::}liu^uft 1S67 befitd)tc "sol)n ^;il)ilip ^Kittcr foinc ^LsenuanMon bci .s>amiIton 
int 3taato CI)io; tT blicb Dort cincn Olionat lani^ uiiti es ciefici il)ni aucH^e^eid)nct. 
Ciincn \l1ionat fpatcv bcfnditcn fcin ^Iceffe ^|>l)ilip "s. :-}i'tttcr non iU)ilat)elpl)ia, 
Geffcn Avan nn^ .Svint) nn? fcin 3d)UHiiUT Marl WciUMtI)eimcr, ^^obn ^].W)ilip ^)(itter 
imti fcinc Aaniilic, foiinc ?ic anlicrn Ivemmntitcn in jcncm ^'ant)0'otl)cilo an? co fd)icn, 
alo ob liefer 'i>cfud) ncuco Vcbcn in ibn nn^ fcino c\an\c A-amilic i-(cbmd)t l)atto. '^U)ilip 
^>. ^Kittcr blicb mit fcincn '^einleitern moljl einen OJionat in ^^oma unt) fel)r oft bec|lei= 
teten Cntcl nnb Xante 'MUv fie anf il)vcn ^>^efud)en ]u ticn llcrfd)ie^one^ ^iser= 
manMen. ^^Ujilip ^s. :){ittcr erljetterte t)iird) fcin l)eitereo, frol)C'o lln^ jonialeo 
jTcnipcrament '^(llc, mit ^cncn cr in "iscrfcl)r tant. 

:^ol)n ^^Nl)ilip ^Kittcv ful)rtc tiann cin ^ufrieticneo nnti vnl)iiu*o Vcbcn bio cr 
1871 ftarb. 

!0(Ol)n ^i.U)ilip ^'Kittcr nni> fcinc Jrau Matl)arina, lU^borcnc 3d)rcincr, batten 14 
Mincer, ?ic fdnimtlid) in '^reuniivi'cilcr flcborcn nnircn ; ^rci ?aiion ftarbcn fd)on 
in frul)cftcr .S\inl>l)cit. 5)ie an&crn finD : 

1. ^sol)anncc, geboren 1827. 

2. 'iUjilip, i^eborcn 1. aWn 1835, (^cftorbcn in ;\ouia, 23. ^c^ember 1857. 
Gr uiar uniicrl)ciratl)ct. 

3. 3)aniel, f;5eboren 22. Dt'tober 1832. 

4. '^sl)ilipina, cu'lmren 6. ^IJuir,:; 1838. 

5. a)iarivu-ctl), gcborcn IG. ,ViH 1841. SUwn 1852 nad; i.Hmcrifa, I)ei= 
ratljcte I'Kobert "';>arfon in ^l^utlcr (iounti), Cl)io, ftarb nber ein ,^al)r nad) il)rer 
^^ernuil)lun(^ im Minbbctt. 

6. a-Iifabctl), i^eborcn 15. ,\nli 1839. 

7. 'Jlntirem, t^eborcn 2. ^uni 1841. 

8. iBilliam, i^cborcn (J. ^^iili 1848. 

9. .Uatharina, gcboren 1. Wm^^ 1845. 

10. Arcbcrirf, (gcboren 5. September 1846. 

11. iljcrcfa, lU'boren 1. Cttober 1848. 



72 ©eneoloflic ftcr iWimr gfomtlie. 



Kalliarma iSttter, g^borntp ^rhrnnrr. 

.qatl)arina ^Kittcv, Me Wattin uon ^sobn ^;U)ilip ^Kittcr am ^^reunigmeilev, 
wax bic 2oc()ter non "iMilcntin unti (j-liiabotl) Sdn-eincv, alo mcldic fie 1808 in 
$\reuniiviHnlcr iicborcn untvbo. Ts" ^^^v tiorticu'u 3d)iilo fiiv t>ao ^.'obon mit .sUMint= 
nillcn aiKHU'viiftct, Icvnto jic, nadibom fie bie Sdmlc ucvlaifcn, ^ucvit 3tridoii un^ 
mUm unb bann half jic il)vcr lliuttcr in bcr .s>au'5{)altuni-\ nn^ wax cine i^utc 
Stii^e bcvfclbcn. ;\l)rc Hiuttcr mar cine gan,^ iiov,^iii^Iid)c .s>auofrau, correct, 
fd)nel( nnb enert^ifd), unb fie cr,^oi^ ibre 4:od)tcr in berfelben 5«eiie. «atfiarina 
umr cine ibrer jiuu^ften l:od)ter unb nad)bcni ibre altercn 3d)uiejtern fid) nerbet= 
ratl)et l)atten, iibernabni jic bie ^]>flid)tcn cine:, i^ro^cn .s>anc4)alt'j. ;sl)r ^Hiter nnir 
ber reid)l"tc ^IJiann in beni Crt nnb, mic bao in europdifd)en i^anbern itdlid), 
mii^te feine A-amilic cine cicunffc Siirbe aufred)t erl)alten, bie ibr ,^nr ^Ocatur unrt> 
unb bie fid) anf bie .siinber forterbt unb bicfeu nniln-enb tieo c\a\m\\ Vcben^j anbiinc^. 
'3;^ie'^ nnir aud) bei Matbiirina Sdn'cincr ber ^aii. 

S\at[)ax\m wax ein fd)bneQ ^}3idbd)en, mit l)eUeni ^etnt, runbcni, rofic^cni (^k-- 
fid)t unb i^rof5en bUiuen ^.Huc^en. "sbr ^^(ni^cfid)t uuir iniuu-r freunblid) unD eo fd)ien, 
ah ob fie nur lacbeln unt) lodn-n tbiuUc. ^,Hlo fie ino beiratliofabid*-' ^'^'ter fain, 
ljeiratl)ete fie ibren ^setter ^sobn iU)ilip ^)iittcr, r>cr iin ,s>auie ibrer (i-itern mobnte. 
^^n ibreni nnttlcrcn ^Jdter unirbe fie febr corpulent. Xno ^huu- b^tte 13 Hinber, 
uon benen ^^mci in ber friiljcften Minbl)cit ftarbcn, unibrenb bie anbercn ant ^.'cben 

blieben. 

Slatl)arina uuir cine ^^cfun^c unti febr a,c']d[\(\i: 7sxa\\, bie febr jU'vn ibre 
^reunbe unb ^l^cruianbtcn befud)te. (ro wax baber cine fd)niere XHuftvrbe fiiv fu\ 
i^re A-rcun^c un^ ibre McinuUb ^n uerlaffeu unb nad) iHnierita ,^u i^cben. Unb nad) 
i^rer ^^(ntunft in t)iefeni Vanbe, nenninte fie \anc\c ^eit ibre Areunbe, obijlcid) fie 
inmitten ibrer nerbeiratbeten ^\in^er un^ aubern -iseruianbten mobntc. 

3ie umr febr i^itid mib uieid)ber,^ic^ i^ci^cu ibre .Hinber uu^ mit ibrcnt Watten 
t()eiltc fie ailc Arenbc unb Zox(\m beo I'cbeno. (iinc ber i^rofUen Areubcu dirco 
i^ebeuo wax ^cr ^in-fucb, ben fie in Genunnfd)aft init ibreni ^lieffcn 1874 XM\]) ^y 
^liitter feiner Aaniilie in ibrent .s>cini in "^vbilabelpbia abftattete. 

.S{atl)arina erfreute fid) bio an ibr I'ebeuGenbc ber beften ©efunbl)eit. 3te 
ftarb 1888 in il)rein .s>cini in ^souhi unti fie nnirbe auf einem Aviebbofe in ber 9Jd()e 
ibrer il.Hil)nuiu^ neben ibrem ibr uorauoc^cflani^enen (skUten ,^ur leljten ^){ul)c beftattet. 
Xk JKuljcftattc beiber fd)uuiden l}iibfdjc 'ilJionuinente. 



©fneoloflie licr SHitter Sowi'tf- 



Jnl^n iRtttrr. 

(frflcr €of)ii bon ^ofttt ^5f)ili|i uiili .ftailjorttto iHittcr, flcborcn S. ®e|itcm6cr 1827 in 

Srcuninhieiler. 

,^ol)n 'Ktttcv lUMi .s^ofvicf, o»ouia, univtio am S. 3cptcinbcv \X'27 in '^reunicv 
mcilcv in ?cr ^){l)einpfiil^ (•\cbovon uuti cvljiclt foino 3cl)ulbiI^ulu•^ in ^or 3dnilc 
fcinco >>cimatl)Gortc?i. '3iad)ticni cr ?ic 3cl)nlo in foincni 14. ^snl)re lUTlaffcn, 
cvlcrntc ov anf ^cnI 'Jlnmofon foinco '^Mitcro l>ic ^'aut)uiirtl)fd)aft. ^sm '^(Iter von 
lit ^"sabicn rciftc cv niit AVCunDcn fcinoo "iMitcro in oincin "JImuumi iibcr "Miel? un^ 
'^.Hirio nad) tiom 500 "Dunlcn cntfcvnt liciicnbcn >>afcn ,s>am-c Dc ('>)vace nn& fd)ifftc 
fid) tiann anf oinom 3e(U'lfd)iffc cin, nni nad) tier ncnon "lln'lt \n fal)rcn. ^iad) 
cincr A-abrt iion ^moi 'llionaton lantiotc cv in '^lom ;^)ort' un^ or braud)to tiann ^luci 
lucitcrc "Hconatc, uni non ~'3ioiu "iDoxi niit ticnt Tanipfcr nnD Doni Manalboot luid) 
d)io ,^u fcimmen, wo cr fid) in 'l^utlcr (iouuti) nicberlicfv mo or fod)o %il)vc iana, 
blieb. -il>dl)ronti biofor ooit ortor or fid) in A'vI. (Sarolina .^odor foino Voboncnio= 
fa()rtin, ()oiratboto tiiofolbo unti manliorto 18-3o nad) bom bamalo )iod) in 5er 3,l>ilii= 
nifi liocu'ntion 3taato ,"soma. Xamalo mad)to bort nod) tiao .ooulon tior -il^olfe bie 
''1uid)to \n fd)auorlid)on. 'I"LM(bt'al3on unb Xad)fo (\ab oo im Uoborflnf^ nnb frioblid)e 
.*oirfd)o pliinborton nod) mal)ronb Dor ~-)uid)to bio C^Jotroibofolbor bor Aarmer, 
abor and) bio oi»bianor nunon nod) tdi^lid)o 'i^ofud)or nnb \(\(\Un bon friobIid)on 
"i^obauorn bor Aolbor mand)on 3d)rodon oin. ^^obn :'){ittor iu'l)brto \n bon "~l>ionio= 
ron boo 3taateQ ^soum nnb c\k or ftarb orlobto or bort mand)o I'lrofu' 'iH'rdnberuniv 
Tio 'A^ilbl)oit bor nrmiid)fiiion 'juitnr nuutto mol)li^opfloi^ton Aarmon nnb i^omiitl); 
lid)on .s>oi)nftdtton ']>lal3 nnb fd)i3nen 3tdbton, nnu^eboi uon niortljoollon A^nnon. 

iHIo Oi'-'^l'i^ ^1(ittor non Cbio nad) ,^oma anomanborto, loi^to or bio 700 ^^Jfeilen 
botrai^enbo (S'ntfernuni^ in foinom oit^onen 'ilnic^on ,^uriid, mao ^moi 'Hconato in 9(n= 
fprud) nal)m. ^sefet ift Dao Vanb uon Cl)io bio nad) ^\oma uon oinom bid)ton 
CS"ifonbabnnol3o bobodt. 1901 ^\ab oo im 3taato ^^oma aUoin S,o27 -llieilon 
Ci"ifonbal)non. iHls ^so()n :')(itter iibcr 3cc tam, brand)to or ba,^u44 T:a(io in oinom 
3orto(fd)iffo — (}eute leijt man biofo 'Xoife in oinom 3d;noIlbampfor in 5 bio 6 
Xac^en ^nriirf. 

,^obn :)iittor'o orfto A-rau ftarb am 14. ,\nni 1853; oin ,S\inii, Dao fie ibni 
i^cfd)ont't, ftarb fd)on in bor .S{inbI)oit. o»ol)n ')(ittor l)oiratl)oto bann am 27. ')io= 
uember 185o ^vi. (Sl;riftino xHdorman uon Daljlonetja, 'llnipoUo (Soitnti), ^ouui. 



74 (^cncoloflic bcr JRittcv ^omiUf. 

XMud) fio umv mit ilivon (jitcvu in cincm ^liMiiu'ii nad) ,^olua auof^oumuticvt, uuibci 
fie ticniclbcn fd)uiovcn 3tan^ lU'lmbt, mic il)v C^nittc in fviiI)cron ,\al)vcn auf 'dan- 
felben •^l'!5c(U\ Sic luobnt jol3t in .s^otiiid, ,\ouia, unti iljre Minttev l)abcn fdnmulid) 
i()r s>m\ al'o ibvc '"l.^oftat>l•c1ie. 

,\o()n %\tUx Icbtc anf foincr Jui'm in .Sicotuf Cionnti), ^^a., bio \\\ fcincut am 
21. '3Jiai 1891 erfohiten ZToDc. Seine A-avm t^rcn^c an Die fciner Ci'ltevn. (i-v 
batte niit feiner .^meiten Avau 12 Mincer, von ttencn nod) 4 am Vebcn finti. 

1. maxi) mat[)i[U, (U'boren 2. l)iai IS-IG. 

2. "sof)n "i'fiiHp, cu'boicn 1-"). ^.)foiieniber 185S. 

3. ':>(&elina (5., i^ebovcn 7. ^^umcmber 1S60. 

4. (5"lifabet() ^Hnna, i-(cboren 12. ^yinuar 1864. 
',Hllc t^ie an^even Mintter ftavben in bev .<i\inb()eit. 



Wcnralonic tier iHittcr ^tttnilic. 75 



iauuH IKntrr. 

fritter Soljn Hon iioljn '4>l)ilip unD «orl)ttrino iHitter, gcboren 22. Cftober 1832 in 

Sreuniflmeilcr. 

Tanicl ')ilttcr vcifto iiii 'Jlltcr von '2\ ,\al)ron im ^saljxc 1853 a\\<i fcincr .sSei= 
matl) i'lbcr Aorbad) nad) '^^Hirio ull^ t>ann in cincm 2ci^c(fd)itfc von .vitun-c ^c C^kacc 
luui) ^}uMii ;')ovt, mo cv am In. iHpril antain, miditicm t>ic ^)icifc 47 ^lUU' (U'tnuicvt. 
'ison "Iccui ;')ovt fubv cv mit ticm ^{analboot un^ mit ^cl■ (i"itenbal)n nad) (Sincinnati, 
Cbio, blicb Dovt cine 'ilHUl)c Uma, nn^ c\\ni.\ tiann von ^a per 'iViot ticn Cl)io binab 
nad) 3t. I'onio un^ tiann Don l)ciffifjippi binmif nad) .S\cotnt', o,oma; von ba per 
ii>agen nad) i'(tu'nci), "il^apollo (Sounti), .^oma, 'Da Co Dantalo nod) tcine Ci'ifenbabncn 
in ^•'■■"Vi^ fliit^ iiii'^ i^'-'"^ "^^i 'ii''-" befnd)te cv fcincn Cntcl >\acob Vbiocnbuvi^ in Daiy- 
loncivi, blicb iiovt tivci ITai^c unti tiann bvad)tc ibn fcin Cntcl ,^n fcincm 'i^vubcv 
o,o()n, bcv anf cincv Aavni in .Ucotut' (Sonntp, ,vi., Icbtc. ','ll'o "Daniel bci fcineni 
^i^vuticv antani, bcjtanD fcin 'Inn'moi^cn, ncbcn ben .Hleibevn, bic cv anf bcni ^^'cibc 
trui^, aw'^'i v^ci .v>cnti)cn nnb cin '^.Hiav .s>ofcn, abev cv l)attc $9 3d)u[bcn. Das 
wax fein i'lnfanc^ in o»oma nnb in bcv "Itcucn 'llH'lt. Tanicl arbcitetc ,^nerft fiir 
^^■arnicv in bcv 'Ocad)bavfd)aft, mobci cv SlO unt) $12 pcv Hionat ncrbicnte nnb freie 
Station l)attc. iHbcv cv fpavtc fcin C^JcIb nnt) 1<S62 tanftc cv (iO :Hrfcv i^'anb tn 
^IlHipcUo (5onnti), mobci cv $10 pcv i'lrfcv bc^ibltc. i'lin S. l)(av,^ 1863 I)civatl)ctc 
er Wlanj Katl)avina .SUibltopf, bic am 15. iUnc'^nft 183!) nabc C^nibini^cn in "ilnirt; 
tcmbovt^ c^cbovcn unb 1857 mit il)vcn (iltcvn nad) Dl)io c^ct'ommcn mav. T'anicI 
nnt' fcinc jnui^c Avau bc;^0(^cn lS(i4 il)vc ^-avm non 60 3(dcvn Vanb nnb mo()ntcn 
bafelbft bi'o 1.S70, mann fie bicfc Aavm i^ci^icn cine c^viifun'e oon 80 ^Hrfern nev:^ 
tanfd)ten, bie uiev 'Dieilcn niivMid) bele^cn mav, unt> il)vcn 'li>ol)nfil3 bovtbin ih'v= 
Ict^ten. 1873 tanftc Xanicl M) meitere iHcter I'anb fiir $1,000, nnb 1895 niei= 
teve 34 xHder, fo baf^ feine ^avm nnn cine (^)ro^e non 154 ^Jlrfcr l)atte, bic cv bente 
nod) bcfilit. ,^m o^ahvc 1901 },o(\ fid) T'aniel non bcv A-avm ^nviid unb Icbt fcit: 
bem in .sSenbvid' in bcfd)an(id)ev ')(nl)e. Tanicl mav in feinem i^m.^en Veben nuv 
einnuil mcbv alo 20 Hicilen uon feinev /iavin abiuefcnb iiemefen. ')inv cinmal, 
am <■). Cttobcv 1903, vciftc cv mit feinem 'i^vnbcv xHnttveao nad) Cbio nnb befudjte 
feine bovtii^cn ~'.!.>ettevn, mobei ev ^iljlveidie Avennbe tvaf, bie cv feit 50 ^,al)ven nidjt 
gefeljcn l)attc. X'icfe ^)icife tU'ficl ibm W^n}, nni^emein. 



76 ©eneoloflie bcr JHittcr ^^atntlic. 

Xaniel unb iilatfjarina ^Hitter I)atton S Miubcv, non bcncn ^lK1 juiuil'tc, ein 
'}]tdbd)cn, jitui^ ftarb, UHil)rcnb 2 Soljue unb o ^odjtcv nod) am ^I'ebcn jin^. iilnd) 
fie nio()ncn fdinnitlid) in ^soma. 

1. X-i)\i\\\ i^'boren 1. Wim l''^<i4. 

2. '^Ujilipina, lU'boren 19. ,^anuar ISBG. 
.'). .Slat()arina, (^eboren 23. ,"\anuar ISHS. 

4. (S'lifabctl), lU'borcn 11. ^^anuar 1H71. 

5. Dian) 1:., i^'borcn 28. -JJonentbcv 1873, 
H. ^sol)ann, gcboren 8. ^e.^entber 1876. 

7. 'Jlinanba, (^cboren 3. 'Dumember 1879, 

8, >a ^Di., cu'bovon 16. 2eptcmbcr 1883. 



^enralogie Her Mitttr ^atnilie. 



Xodittv uon ijo^n VW^\> unD ^at^artna )h'itter, oeboren am G. War] 1838 in 

Srcunifllticiler. 

'^U)oebe "■]^l)ilipina ^liittor unin&ertc in ibrem 18. !L'e6en'ojal)ro 1856 mit "iscr= 
unuiMcn unt> Al•eun^en nad) iHmcrita auo. Tic llebcrfalirt nai)in in cincm 3c(U'l= 
fd)iffc 47 4^11(^0 in xHniprnd) un^ UHil)vcn^ Dicfcr ocit batten ^ic '^Hiffiu^icro 
nuindn'vlci ('*)cfabvcn \u bcftebcn. '.'(ni 2o. l;ai^e t>cr Aiibvt nnirc ibv 3d)iff bcinnbc 
mit cincm t-(rofu'n (iicibcrcu' co^i^il■t, uuki iHllcn c^cmaltit^cn 3d)rcrfcn cinjai^te. 
'^lllc -^Hiffac^icrc umrcn fcctvanf, nuv 'i>bilipina blicb t^cfnn? nnb muntcr. 3ic 
famen fdilicfUid) i^Iitrflid) in "•Iccm ;')orf an. .\Sicv bcfuditc "^.^bilipina ciniiu' Avcnnbc 
un^ fab fid) ^ic 2ta^t an, ^ic cinen i^rof5artit^cn (iintn-nrf auf fie mad)tc, un^ ^ann 
tvat fie ibvc ')ieifc nad) ^em "i\>eften an. 2ie biclt uicrft in (iolumbuo, Cbio, an, 
11)0 fie ^l■ci O.^ionate alo Ticnftmd^d)cn tbiitic^ mar, um ^acl ('*)cl^ fiiv ^ic A'Ort: 
fe^uni^ ibvcv '){cifc \n ^ler^icncn. Tann fubv fie mit einent Tampfer ben Cbio 
binab bid nad) 3t. ^'oin'o nn^ von ^a nad) Meofnt, ^soma. Xa ^amalo ?ort nod) 
cine (i"ifenbal)n eriftirte, mnfjtc fie per 'ilnu^cn nad) Cttnmma fal)ren, bao Oamal'o 
nnv 500 Ginit)ol)ner batte, miibvenl) eo jeftt cine 3tatit oon 25,000 (Sinmoljnern 
mit ^al)lreid)en i^of5en nnti fd)oncn Webduben nnD 'Jlnlai^'n ift. l^on t>a reifte fie 
nad) bcv 12 "llieilen oon Cttumma cntfevnten ~ilHibnnn(i ibvcr 4^ante. xHnf bem 
"il^ec^c babin fab fie nuv ,^mei '^lorfbdnfev, unibvenb man jcl^t in einer Ci'ntfcvnniu^ 
oon meniflcv alo ^ IKeile auf .s>dufer ftbfU. '-Uud) fab fie mdbvcnb biefcr A-al)rt 
,Viblveid)e ^snbianev^'L'acter. 3ic bcfnd)te mm ibvc Ii^ante unb '-l^ritber auf furu' 
3eit unt tvat bann in /vremont, ^^a., al'o Ticnftmdbd)cn in 'Jlttioitdt. Tort 
madite fie bie 'i-^etanntfd)aft bee- ^^ofepb 3d)ev^, mit bem fie fid) ant 25. ^anuav 
1857 oerbcivatbetc. 

JofepI) Sd)er,^ univ am 9. .^anuav 1812 in ^'ot[)vini^en, bamalc cine fvan^bfi= 
fd)c, jcftt cine bcutfd)e '^U-ooin,^, gebovcn. (Sr manbevte 18;53 nad) iHmevita au'i 
unb feinc '33tuttcr unb feine 3d)uicftev famen mit ibm, mobei ev bie ^)ieifefoften fiiv 
biefelben be^iblte. Tie ')(eife iibev ben C^mu bauevte 47 ^ai\e unb bie ^)(eifenben 
batten fd)ioev buvd) 3eetranfbeit \n leiben. ^so^V^) 3d)ev^ avbeitete nun, nad)bem 
er in '3ieio 'J)ovt i^elanbet, ein ,\abv iana, auf einer ^avm in bev Oiad)barfd)aft, um 
C^iclb fiiv bie A-ortfeRuui^ feiner ^Keife \n oerbienen, mobei ev 50 (5ento per l:ai^ 
oerbiente. ti'v reifte bann loeiter luid; Trenton, Cljio, louvbe Ih'iillev unb blicb 



78 ffienealojiit titr 'Stitttx J?omi(if. 

biefem C^)efcf)dfte 20 ^srtl)vc [anc\ tvcu, uioboi cr fid) uicl C'H'lb fparte. 'J([c« bnnn 
ber alliu'meinc 9fiKi,^u(\ md) bein ^ii>cfton bcivmn, bcfcblof^ and) ev, mid) bom ilH-fteit 
,^u i^e()cn lint) fid) bort niebor,^ulaffcii. ti'v tam mm von (Sincimmti per l^ainpfer 
nad) '^m-Iiui^ton, ^sa., fauftc fid) bort cin Aul)vuHTt unti fcl.Uo in &iofcm bio 'Kcifc 
nad) bcm '-Ii>eften fort. C5"r fauftc banu in 'Section 4, ;i)a(iloncivi -Tomnfbip, 
3.\.HipeUo (Sounti), cine 7saxn\ von 222 xHcfcrn fitr $10 per 3(d'cv unti bctvtnn biefelbe 
mit oicl C^Hiirf ^u bcniirtl)fd)aftcn. Mcutc loiivbc cv fcinc Aiirm nid)t fiir $100 per 
'J(dcr ocvt'inifcn. fsofcpb 3ri)ci;^ ift jcl3t 5to v»tt')i"^" <^^K lieft nod) obnc '-l^rillc iinti 
allcm ^Infcbcin nad) ift fcin ('<)cfnnbl)cit'o^uftanb cin c^utcr. 9(uo fcincr Cii)c mit 
'^U)ilipina ^Kittev finb 13 Mint>cr cntfpvoffcn, oon Dcncn 2 ftavbcn, uHil)renb.2 
Scil)nc unb U l:iid)tcr nod) ani Vcbcn finb, luimlid): 

1. iU)ilip XH. 3d)cr,^, (U'bovcn 22. 1}c,^cmbcr 1858. 

2. .Hatl)arina, i^cborcn 22. Acbvuar 1859. 

3. 4:()erefia, geborcn 27. 'Jlpril 1860. 

4. ai(at[)i(ba, lU'borcn 21. 3cptcmbcr 1862. 

5. '•l.sl)ilipina, (-(cborcn 2. ,^uni 1866. 

6. iysofepl) (S., i^cboren 2. ^unt 1868. 

7. £ouifa, i^eboren 9. ^sanuar 1872. 

8. Carolina, gcboren 22. ^s^nnar 1875. 

9. ^ylora, c^cborcn 30. I'lut^uft 1877. 

10. ^unie Wai), cueboren ant 7. ©e.^nnber 1880. 



(Scnfniogtc bcr iKtttcr J?omiIic. 79 



iEltsabrth iRittrr-fHrnr, 

9l(fttf§ «inli tion ^otin *^()ilip unb fiotliorina iWittcr, flfbortn 15. ^nlt 1839 in 

Srcunifltoeiicr. 

(vlifak'tl) ^Kittor tam iitit ibvon Ciltcru iiii ,\alirc 1857 luut iHmerifa an? 
U'bto iiiit Mofcn bio ^um 28. Septembcv 185S, mann fie ('^k'ovt^ 'llioicr l)dvatl)cte. 
■illuncr UHivti am 1. Cftobcr 1823 in Matlioloburi-i bci ~')iiiniberi^ in '^-^amTii (-(eboren, 
UHintierte 1848 in biefeci 'I'ani:! cin uiiti avbeitete \wx]t 4 ^s^live auf cincr Auvni in 
CI)io, nun-anf and) or nad) ,\ouia auoiiuinticvtc. (i"r t'anfte 80 'J(d"er ^-anb in 53cn; 
ton l^onnifbip, Mcot'uf (Sonnti), un? Icbto t^ort 5 ^sa()re. (St I)ciratl)ete tiann, 
abor alo cv 6 "salirc iHni)oiratl)ct nuir, mniUc cr in &cn .Hriei^ lichen unti feinc Axan 
nn^ ^mci Mint^oi nllciit laffon. Ci"v nnir D '^llionatc Uuu^ 3ol?at nn? battc inand)c 
Wefa()rcn ,^u bcftcbcn nnti uiol llnanncbmiidifeitcn anouiftell^-'n. (i"r inad)tc tiie 
.•ftint^fton 2d)[adit nut. Ouidi Hcni .Uriau' tel)rte ov auf foine A-arm ^unid un& be= 
gann tiic 'i^emirtl)fd)aftuni^ ?crfclbcn mit allcin ti'ifcr. Ci"r ncvt^rof^cvtc ^ie A-axm 
utn 360 "Jlrfer. 3pdtev ncvt'anfto or cincn Itbcil tiorfolbcn unt^ ucvtl)ciltc Don 'Kcft 
nntcv feinc .S\inDcr. 1893 ncrliefi or t^ic A-arnt luiti ^ofl nad) ,\>ctn"irf, fcbvtc abev 
nad) eineni o>al)rc nadi fcincni altcn .'ocim ^uriirf, in ^om or jclit nod) lebt. Weort3 
^331eier ift cin tenter C^iattc unf ^initcr. Ci'v ift jc^t iibcr 80 ^^al)rc alt, nod) fcl)r 
t()dtii^ uuD tann nod) obnc tWxik Icfcn. ,"sni ,s>crbft 1903 rciftc cr nad) -lliiffouvi 
unb befud)tc Dort mct)rcrc 3tdtitc, u. xH. 3t. Vouio, wo cr Die ("9cbdui)e fal), Die 
fiir Die i^rof?c 'Jl>eltauoftcUuui-i in 1904 erbaut nnutieu. (i'lifabetl) ^){itter=^)3{eier 
ift cine t^ute Aran unti "■llluttcr, ibrcm GJattcn unti il)ccn .Slintiern trcu crc^'ben. 
Oi()vc (i1)e untrtic niit elf .S\inbern i^cfc(Vict. ^i.Mcr berfelbcn ftarben in t>er .S\int)= 
heit, nHi()rent) fieben, nier 3i.il)ne nub brei irod)ter nad) ant ^'eben finti. Tiefe 
.Uinber (eben fdnimt(id) in Der x)tdl)e ibrer li'ltern. ,M)re "^ianten finJ): 

1. (^)eori^ -.IKeier, i^eboren o. xHuimft 1859. 

2. ''l.U)ilip, ^u'boreu -1. Otonember \X()~. 

3. A-rieDrid), c^eboren 4. xHpril 18()9. 

4. 4:f)erelia, i-(eboren 12. Aebruar 1872. 

5. -AKatI)iH>a, t^'boren 0. o,uni 1876. 

6. \tisi(l)ehn, i^eboren 19. iHnfluft 1878. 

7. ^'oiufa, i^eboren 26. ^anuar 1882. 



so (Scncoloflic Her IHitter J?omilie. 



(Seborrn 511 JBreunifllticiler ben 6. 3iull 1S4:5. 

SiU)cliH ^Kittcr cvl)iclt fcinc 3d)u(biltmiui in ^i^veunii^nioilcv uiiti unir^c audi 
t^ort t'onfinnirt in t)cr Mivd)c. ^i^.MU)olni fani uiit fcincn (i'ltcvn nad) xHuicvita UH'ld)c 
lid) in .sU'ofut (5ounti), "sonni, nie&iTliclV'n ; cr bojdiaftit^tc fid) nut xUdorban, 
mcl)vci-c ,\al)vc ,^u .s>aulc unt> fpciter bci Mcvrn iHilnicr. Tsm XHui^uft 1.^67 bcfuditc 
cv in (^)oioUfd)aft foinco ^isatcvo unti O'oufin ^^N^ilip ^Jldcvnutnn, fcinc ^InTUianMcn 
ini Ztaat C[)\i\ in ^c^■ ndbc non .VMumlton nnti (iincinnati ; co ^■^cficl ibm tiovt }o 
tuifu'vc^cuuibnlid) (Uit, t^af^ cv nad) bccatiic^nc^ fcinco ^lx'fud)CO in Cbio utviidblicb 
unt) fcin ^ImUcv unti ^Jldcvnumn allcin ibrc ^)(cijc luid) Maufc antreten mufUcn. 
^BiU)e(ni blicb m 3taatc Cbio bio ^nm ^alivc 1869. is^siibrent) fcinco xnufcnt. 
Ijaltco )nad)tc cv &ic ^ix'fanntfdjaft ntit cincv Vouifa 2d)UHirl3cl, cine 3d)nicftcr t>cr 
A-rau unfcvco t5oufino ^;U)ilip ^iViicv, unt) bcivatbctc Hicfclbc am 19. ^^hnnnnber 
1868; im foU^cnbcn ^salivc ,^oi^cn fie luid) t>cin 3taatc :souhi. ^sjilbehn betricb tiovt 
bao (Mcfd)aft cinco ^Baueromann, max in t)cv cvftcn ^cit fcbv evfoh^rcid) fpater 
abcr battc fcinc Aamilic Durd) .Hranfbcit nicl mi Iciticn, fcinc Avau unti Miut^cr 
ftarbcn, cinco nad) t)cin anticvn, bio auf ,^iuci. Tuvdi tiiefeo 3d)irffal fab cv fid) 
vevanlafU, feinc ^i^aucvci ,^u ocvtaufcn. ^liad) t^cni cv fcin Vanb uertauft ()atte m 
cv nad) 3outl) ^Dat'ota unb tauftc in t)cv luibc wn s:^nxan cine ^i-^auerei oon 320 
^Jlrfer !i!ant), luovauf cv unb fcinc vnci .Sxinticv jcnt mobncn, i^cbt ibncn i^ut un? 
erfreuen fid) bcftev Wcfunbcit. X'lno t^icfcv (i'bc cntfpvaiuuni ,^cbn Mintiev uon 
benen nod) smci tiao Vcbcn cvbaltcn. 

Dtto Avife, i^cbovcn 26. ^suni 1887. 

^,Hniui (SavoUna, gcboven 21 > J^'^^'-""'^^" ^''^•'^- 



(Weneoloflie Der SWiUer J?ttmtlie. si 



ntunm ftinl) don 3ol)onn ^l)i(ip iinti itotljorino JKitter, geboren in Sreuniflttifilcr. 

i'tntireiu ^h'ittcr tain 1857 in fcincm Ki. VcfienGJaljro mit foincn Gitorn nad) 
9(nuTifa. llebcr fcinc ^)iei)c fd)vcilit or : 

,/il^ir fuljrcn mit bcr ,,.s>alcpl)a(VCv" einem (^-ofH'n 3ci^'I|rf)iff, bao OGO 
^Hiffat^icrc l)atte. ^iiUr t)atten eine befonbcrc .Hajiitc notion bor boo .Uapitiino, mo 
mil- alto moi^lidjen 'iV'qneinlidjfoiton l)atten. mi> mir 20 ^TaiU' anf tiom ^^iniffov 
maron, ftarti oinor oon bon ^^saffai^ioron, oino alto Tamo, (^)oi^on iHbonb, tur^ nor 
(rintn-ud) bor TunfoI()oit, lianb man il)ro Void)o anf oin \>^vott unb lio[^ bioo iiluT 
^i^ovb \m Dioor i^Ioiton, mo bio (^-ofu-n A-i)d)o, bio bao 3d)iff umtroifton, biofoltio 
mo()I fd)noll oor,U'l)vt l)alion morbon. Ciinii^o :i:a(U' fpator unirbo moino 3d)moftor 
4:f)erola tvant nnb ftarti — menic^ftenci t)ol)anptoto ^or Tottor, fio foi tobt nnb loi^to 
il)ro aniU'l'lid)o ^.\nd)o fiinf Stunben lanj^ ano. xHlo bio ^Uuitrofon fid) nann an. 
fdjid'ton, il)ro Void)o anf oin ^i^rott ,^u binbon m\t< \m '-Dioor ,su morfon, bocvmn 
moino i^nto ^Diuttor Il)orofa ,^n fd)iittoIn nnb fio bototo \u (S)ott, ibr ibr .s^inb ut= 
ritd'^niu^bon. llnti :Ll)orofa ormad)to ano ibrom tobtondl)nlid)on 3d)lafo. Tor 
Tottor mnrbo iu~bolt, i^ib moinor 2d)moftor OJiobi^^in nnb balb mar fio mio^or flo= 
funb unb mnntor, mio man ano ibror '^^iot^-apbio anf oinor anborn 3oito biofoG 
'i^ud)0'o orfobon mirb. 

,,Unfor 3d)iff mar 42 Taj^o auf 3eo. "i)(ad)bom mir in ^3com ;')ort aniu'= 
tommon, i^nc^ id) mit moinom 'isator nad) oinor tMWxl mo mir $4,500 orbobon, auf 
motd)o 3nmmo unfor (5t)erf aucn^eftoUt umr. Tao (^iolb murbo uno in $20 (^)oIb= 
ftiidon auoiU'Viblt, bio bod) anftH'tbitrint nor nm anf bom ;^al)ltifd)o lai^-n. "sd) 
t)i.irte, mio oinitu' ^.'outo tion i^rofum (^)ol^baufon fabon, tiom ^^^anfior fai^ton, monn 
mir fo oiol (^)ol^ batton, brand)ton mir nid)t mobr ^u arboitou. i'lbor mir fan^on 
ba^^ am, ^af^ oo an^orG tam. "Jiiir fd)topptou ?iofoo (^)olti uon ^3iom I'lort mid) 
^oiua. Tao mar in ^or ;U'it ^or ("')o(bmdt)runiv 

,,Sir fubrou banu mit bor ^i^abn mid) t^urlini^ton, ,"sa., abor ba mm bort bio 
Ciifonbabn nid)t moitor fiibrto, mnfUon mir oin Aufjrmort taufon, um unforo 3ad)on 
fort,^nfd)affon, nnb bio ^amilio i^tu^ bon (^rbfUoii jTboil boo S5 ^Dioilon lauiu'ii 
ilHH^oo bi'o in Dio ^Iciibo uon Cttumauui, bamalo oino 3tabt von moni(ior mio 500 
t£'inmot)norn. 



82 



©cneologie licr !Hitrer J^amilic. 



,,21>ii" fnuftcn liior 80 ^Hcfov ^^'nnti unti all Dao ^iel) unti Pic A-arnu^erdtl)c unti 
"•3Tiafd)tncn, Mc Dcv Aarmcv l)atto, unP aufun'bcin fitr $oO() in C^nilD cin C'^cfpann 
"^Nfertic. Ticfe "i^fcrPc unu'cn fo frcuiiMid), fd)on im orjtcn o»al)rc ^n ucrontien, 
uiovauf UMV fitr S150 ein (^)etpann Cclifcn fauftcii, Mc fid) auf tier A-avm fcl)r c^it 
beuHil)rten. ®iv braud)tcn abcr nod) ''^vfcrbe(^cfd)in-, 'Il^ia(-(cn unt* ciucn Mod)ofcn 
unti unfiT S^rutiev o»ol)n (liiu^ mid) Mcotut, um Picfelbcn ,^u taufcn. ^iefe '3tabt 
lac^ 85 '5]?ei(en cntfcriit iinP tiio :')ioifc bin unP ^uviirf baucrtc 8 Ztac^o. 

,/11mv avbcitctcii mm ^ufamiiicii auf Per A-aviii, bio id) iibcr 2-1 .^abrc alt 
way. Tanu tauftc id) fiiv mid) fclbft cine Aavm ihdi 120 I'frfer Van? unP boivatbctc 
Aii. I'ouifa 'Av 3tabtlcv. l>icfc )uar am (>. Cftober 1844 in Avanffurt an Per 
Cticv lU'borcn unb tam 1857 mit ibvcn (5'ltcrn uad) ','fmcrifa." 

1876 untcrnabm X'lntircm ^)iittcr cine ^Kcifc nad) '^U)ilabelpbta ^ur Centennial 
'iHU'lt=':}(u'oftellun(V (5"v fubr 'IKovi^oio 7 llbr non Cttunnna ab unb tam a)n nad)= 
ftcn XHbcnti um (i Ubv in '^.>bilai)clpl)ia an. Ter oui^ Icc^tc oft 70 llicikm in 
cinev ^tunbe ^uviirf. ^n '^^bilabclpbia befucbtc cr Pie llnabbaiuvi^teitoballc, faf; 
in Item 3tuble, in bou (^)cor(^c "^Inifbinc^t on i)) feinem Manfc lU'feffcn, fab bie A'Vei= 
Ijeitcn^lode, melcbc tiie Aveibeit unb Unabbiiiu^ii^t'eit fiir biefco Vanb cin(-|eliiutet jc. 
3(nbrem ^Kittev muvbc in '^^bilabclpbia non fci)icm (ioufiu '^.^bilip Ts. 'Kittev unt) 
beffen liebenGmuvbit^cn Avau febv freunblid) auft^enommcn unb biefelben iviben fid) 
allc crtieutlid)c lltiibe, feinen 'Jhifcntbalt in ibvcv 'lliitte fo anc^eneljin iine mbi^id) 
,^u nuu1)cn unb ibncn alleci Sebensmertbe ,^u .^eii^cn. 

1888 unternat)m 'Jlnbrcm ')fittcr cine 'li'eifc nad) bem ')l>cften, um fid) nad) 
cinev neuen ,v>eintatl) um,^ufel)en. '^lad) .^rnci 'ilHid)en tauftc er IBO '^(d'er 2anb i]i 
bcr 'Ociibe non 3iour Gitp, ^s'-^iV'i- ^i-ivt luurbc Panuil'S ein )icuer Sanbftrid) fiir 
3(nfieb(cr erfd)loffcn unb ad)t fciner ^3hTd)barn foU^ten il)m bortbin nad) unb allc 
fauften Sanb fiir S5 bio $8 per 'Mer. 3"^ 'I'aufc von 15 ,yil)i"en ift biefco i^'anb 
im '].sreifc auf S50 bio $80 per 'M'er (-icfticcU'n. 'Jlntircm bcbiclt Diefco Vaub nier 
Aabre, oerfauftc eo bann fiir ticu boppcltcn '].U-cio, ben er bafiir be.v^ljU, uuP uu: 
ternabm Panu nod) tirci "licifcn mcft)inirto, loobci er lucitere 140 ^^fd'er "L'anb faufte. 

18',).") befud)te er bic 'J(uoftclluni'( in (Sbieat^i unb imid)tc ^mei ^Heifen nad) 
C'l)io, bic (elite (^cmei)tfam mit feinem 'limber T^aniel. 

1890 unirbe XMntire)u'o C^iefuubbeito^^uftanb beeiutriid)ti(;\t unb feine Artmilie 
()ielt eo baber fiir'o 'ix'fte, nad) Per 3tabt .sSenbrirf ,^u (U'ben. (i"r taufte bort ein 
biibfd)e'o .sSauo, aber taum butte er fid) in bemfelbcu mit fetner C«)attin beimifcb 
(VMnad)t, alo tiiefe trant iinirbe nuP ftarb. 'Icur 1 1 '^Jtonate batte fie in bem 
neuen Maufe c^elebt. 3;ie binterlief? ibrcu trauernbeu Watten nnP fieben Minber. 
xHnbrem tam nad) eiuic'^ev g^it jur Ueber.^euc^uiuv baf^ eo uid)t loljuenb fei, feinc 



Wcneologie Bcr iKittcr J^omtlte. 83 

/"vanu nod) Idiu^n' ui ucvpacbtcn; cv ucrtauftc t^alici' foiiio i.'dnt>cvcion lnl^ nacbttoiii 
feinc ^ocdtov iU'licivatl)ot, ucrthoiltc cv fcinc .oauoliaituiu^cn^criitlic untcv fcinc>\inPcv 
iinD lobt foitt>cin mit Mcfon. 3cit 14 ^«,al)rcn l)at fcino C^KM'unMicit fcl)iucv i^uvd) :)il)cu= 
iiuUiomuo unti .SuUavrl) cu'littcn unti foin C^klm ift ^a^m•d) fdmu'v bccintrdd)tiiit 
luortioii, fo t)af5 ci" t)at)urd) fitr jc&co Wcfdjdft unfdl)iii lU'i^Hnbou ift. 

5(nt>rcui'o (5"I)c mit 'I'ouifa 2tdMoi" cntfproffcii nciin Minticr, von bcnon tiroi 
ftarbcn, uHilironti ^luci Jod)tor unt» uior 3oi)nc nod) am ^^'cbcn finti. 

1. ^^-rcDevid 'AUlUam, (^obovcn21. ^Icoocmbcv I'SIK). 

2. .ocnvi) (i\, (^'bovcn 1-"). 3cptcmbcr \^()^, i^'l'torbot 21. ^^suli 1^70. 

3. ^so()n XHntiveio, i^cborcn 28. ,"v*^tH'uar 1S71. 

4. C^ieori^c 'ii.Hif!)ini^ton, (■(cborcn 12. X^csembcr 1S73. 

5. ,s>ovman ^sofepl), i^eboren 1. o>nli 1S7-"), i^cftorbon -">. ^^nni 1S7,S. 

6. xMlbcvt, tu'boren 20. I)c,^cinbcr 1S77, t^cftorboi 11). Acbrnar J 5)03. 

7. Duu-ia ,SUitl)aiina, e^cbovcn 15. Hiai 1882. 

8. ^I.liinnic lliai), (^'borcn 15. ^Dfai 1882. 

9. A'Viinf 'isalcntine, gebovcn 14. ^"yebruar 1888. 



84 (SeneoloBic Der SHitter I?omilie. 



IKatlmriua lRtttpr-lKupt)lkopf, 

toA]kv uon 3ol)n ^^Jljilip mttx, Qtiovcn in »rcunifltt)ei(er im max\ 1845. 

.S\atl)avina ^Kittcr tani mit il)vcn Glteni nad) ^:?(incri{a unti (icf^ fid) mil if)ren 
(i-ltcvn auf cinov A-avin in Meotut (Sounti), ^a., niet>ov, mo fie blicb, bio fie 18(J2 
:sobn .sUtblfopf l)civat()etc. Tiefor uhu-& in ^llUirttcmbevi^ bci Wopiniu^n in 1S;J2 
Idmcn imti manbcrte am 25. xHpvil ISoV nad) ticn ^iscr. 2taaton am. 2eine 
i)(oiic in cincnt 3ccU'lfd)iffc nal)m 47 laj^e in XHnfvrud). Ci'v lanDete in ^Oian :i)ovt 
unti vciftc tiann nad) Cttumnui, ^sonui, u)0 or cine A-arnt pad)tctc nn& t)icfc \m\ ^sabvc 
bcunrtl)fd)aftctc. CiT u^i) t^^inn nad) llionvoe (Sonnti), mo cv 80 Miv Vant> tanftc. 
Tann boivatbotc cv .SUitbavina ^)Uttor nnti fie lebten ^ann bio 1802 auf ftiefer 
A-ann, loovauf fie 80 ^Hder Vanti in .s>ii^bUint> ^ounifbip, -ilHipello (Sounti), tanften 
nnt> t^iefe feit jener ;^eit beunvtl)fd)aften unti fauften nod) 380 ^Jtdcr tia^n. Tiefe 
A-avni ift jetU ein febv uiertliuoUeo (sh-unt>ftiid mit fd)onem ^Kol)nc^ebanl>e unt) alien 
notbicUMi ^)ccben(U-baut)en. 5(uo bev (£1)6 biefeo ^Uiaveo entfpvani^en ,^el)n .Hinder, 
fiinf ::od)ter unt> fiinf Sobne, bie fammtlid) nod) am ^Jeben fint>. ,M)ve ^)iamen 

foU^en : 

1. (ilifabetl) ,\Uibltopf, t^eboren 20. lliar,^ 18G4. 

2. .suitbavina, t^eboven 7. 3eptember 186(). 
8. "sobn ^^v, e-;eboven oO. Cttobev 18r>8. 

4. C5lava 4:bevefia, cu'boren 1. lliai 1870. 

5. ti-inma, lU'boren 19. XHpvil 1872. 

6. ilUlbelm, i^eboren 20. ^lumembev 1875. 

7. .S{arl (5-., t^eboven 18. Cftober 1879. 

8. iU)ilip, c-;eboren 19. Beptembev 1882. 

9. Veonavb >>., e^'boven o. Cttober 1884. 
10. (i^itb ^isictoria, c^eboven 25. I1iai 1889. 



©cnfologic Iicr JHitter i?omiIic. 85 



iFrir^rtrh Hittrr, 

^iingfler Soljn tion 3o^onn WHp Wittn, lion Srcunintucifrr. 

A■l•ic^l•id) ^Hitter tnm im ^Mltcr wn \c\]n "salircu mit fcinat (i'ltcni mid) xHmc- 
rifa. ^inn-bcr InUtc or t^ic 3d)uIo in ^•I^vcunicvuciU-v lH'fud)t unti (^ito Aortid)vtttc 
gemad)t, fo ^al^ or i^ut fdircibcu, Icfcn uu? vodinoii fonntc, alo a- l)tcr antam. 
5Jad) foiiUT i?fnfunft in "soma behtd)tc or in ?cv T^a\K icincr ncitcn Mcimatl) ^ic 
cmili)d)c 3d)ulc un^ nuuttc nntcr nniuin[ticu'n ^iH'rlialtniffcn c^itc Aorti'divitto, ^l'nn 
gate ^'c()rer ftn& in ^iclcn ^I'anOfdjuIen tiftoro fcltcn. (5t bcfud)tc tiann cine l)ol)crc 
3d)n(c unb crunn-b fid) bio fiiv'c, <^cbcn ni.it()igcn 3d)ultenntniilc. ^Jiud) bcr 3d)uU 
■i^e'xt blicb cr ini .N>anlc fcinco ^^Mitoro, iTlorntc tiio Cofonomic unb mar cine c^nto 
StiiljC fiiv fcine (i'ltcvn, bcnn fcin ^isatcr mar fd)on alt unb nid)t mcbv viiftiiv :.Hlo 
A-viebnd)24 ^sabvo alt mar, ftarb fcin ^^nitcr ant l'2. ;\anuar 1871. Tcrfclbo 
Ijatte cin icftamcnt bintcrlaffoi, in bcm or Aricbrid) ;nni Tcftaincnt'onoUl'trorfcr 
ernannt l)attc, bcffon ^^sfHdjten ^ricbrid) ubcrnal)ni unb fio mit Wemif)cnl)aftigteit 
xmt> ircuc auoiibte. A'nebrid) iibcrna()m bann bic A-arm feiiieo isatcro auf fcinc 
eigenc ^Kcd)nuncv 3 cine ^33httter blicb bci ibni iimbncn bio fie 1888, 17 ^sal)re 
nad) bcm ZTobe tijreG ('•jatten, ebenfaU'o bao ;^citad)e fegnctc. xHm 28. September 
1871 iierl)eiratl)ete fid) Ariebrid) ^Kitter mit ,s-lat()arina ^;sl)ilipina Mo[,^l)aufcr, bic 
in 2lHipoIo (Sounti), ,"\oma, geboren marb. Tic (i'bc bcrfelben ift cine i^lurflid)e, 
benn beibe ('>)atten finb gemiffen()aft, liebreid) unb ncrtraglid). Tiefc Ci1)c murbe 
mit ad)t Minbcrn gefegnet, benen 'l,U)iIipina ftcto einc i^ite, forgfamc unb [icbreid)c 
'33iuttcr lU'mcfen ift. Aviebrid) unb ^].vl)i[ipina umbnen nocb auf bcr Aarm, bic 
m'iebrid) non feinem initer iibernominen l)atte, nur ift bicfelbe icl3t bebeutenb uer= 
grbfu'rt. Aviebrid) I)at nod) einige ()unbert i'ldcr Vanb ba^t gefauft, cin grofjes, 
ftattlid)eo unb fd)bneo .sSauo an 3 telle bcr alten Aarinl)aufer crrid)tct unb nod) \al)U 
reid)e ^3iebengebaube aufgcfii()rt. Aleif^ un^ Crbiutuiiofinn umrben bci ibm mit 
Crrfolg gefrbnt. Ariebrid) I)atte lauiu' Mbr^ teinc ;^cit, fid) von feinem C^iefdjaft 
unb non feiner Aamiiie \n trennen um \u reifen, aber 1898 folate er einer tiiula= 
bung feineo ^in'ttere ^;sl)i(ip "s. ^Hitter, ber banmlo in (ibicago lebte, ^um ^^H'fud)e 
ber bortigen xHucifteUung, ber er mit feinem ^l^ruber x'lnbreao Aolge leiftete unb fie 
marcn in (5()ieago bic (^'Kifte ifjres lu'ttero. ^^into er bort fab, oerfetUe Ariebrid) i)t 
gropes (i-rftaunen, eo mar x>lllec. neu unb ubcrrafd;enb fiir il)n unb nie mirb er bic 



S6 



C^encttfonie ber JlJtttcr J?onit(te 



2iebenciuntrt)i(^t'eit ucriu'lfon, niit ^cl■ foin '^setter 'iU)ilip unli lieffon nebcuounirbii'^e 
C^^attin il)ncu cnti^oiU'n tamcu unt^ init ?cr ftc fid) bcjtrebton, ibncn tion 'J(ufcnt()alt 
fo aiuuMiebm iinc imn^licb ui macbcn. "lead) cincni X'lufcntbaltc uoi .^uH'i "JlHidjcn 
rciftcii bcitio "i-^viiDcv iin l)od)i"tcn Wral>e befriebic^t nad) .sSaufe ,^uritd. 
I)ie 'luiuioit bcv .S\inbcr finb : 

1. Wiavia CSHfabctl), i^cborcn 24. ;^uni 1872. 

2. .^atbarina -}){., i^-boven 3. Adiruar 1874. 
8. ^^s()iUp ^s., cu'boveii 28. ^suiit 187(3. 

4. "llunia (ibviftina, (^'borcn 9. Mm ^'"^"9. 

5. Aviebrid) ,v>enn), i^cbovcn 14. Cftober 1882. 

6. '■^Ujocbc ^bcrcfia, (lebovcii 27. ^^uli 1885. 

7. (Slava 3opl)ia, i^eboren 16. Ct'tobcr 1888. 

8. vulu "Minio, luHun-cn 29. Cftobcr 1892. 



Wencalogic Her JRittcr 5?omi(if. 87 

3uii0fte 3:oi^ter lion *^l)ilip !)iittcr, flcboren in SBrcunicitncilcr nm 1. Cftobcr 1848. 

^bcvcfin ^Kittcr uorl)oiratl)ctc fid) am •'). Cftobcv 1S71 mit X'(t>olpl) ii>iU)clm 
^>ol,5l)du|civ i^^^'i" i'l .'Oanrc lie (^racc in A-rant'vcid) i^Hun-cn uiart), unidrenb foine 
(i'ttevn bovt aiif Mo ^Hbfnhrt cineQ '2d)iffc'o luavtotcn, bao fie tiann luid) ?cn 'iscvci^ 
ni(^toii 3 tauten bvad)to. 

^liorcfia ^Kittor uiar nod) fcbv jnni^, alo fie mit il)vcn trltcvn nad) 'Jlmorit'a 
tarn unti liatto nod) monii^ 2d)ule i^enoffen. 3ie bcind)tc mm bio 3d)nlc in bor 
■Ouibo ibvo'o 'll>obnovto'o in .Heofnf (Sonnti), ^^onm. 3io mar in ibfor OiiH^t-nb oin 
fdjonoo 'l)iabd)on nnb oino (Uito Miilfo fiir ihro '.Hinttov nnb ^ann oino trono nn^ 
bi(froid)o C^iattin unb oi)io tutto "JJiuttov. 

9lbo(pl) as. .^of^fioufer 
t'am mit foino)i C5"ltorn von 'I'oniooillo, S\\]., nad) ^soma, mnvbo anf bom Vanbo ev= 
^oc^on nnb lovnto floif^ic^, nm fid) oin (\x\tm ^^-orttommon .^n fid)orn. ti'v mobnto mit 
feinen G'ltorn anf oinor KM) i'lrfov (^rofu'n Aarm mit fobr lUitom 'i-iobon, mo fio 
xHd'erban nnb 'ino(),^nd)t botviobon nnb niol C^Uid l)atton. Ci'r nnb foino Aumilie 
finb lntl)orifd)on C^Hanbon'o, fio babon oiolo Aronn?o nn^ finb fobv aiu^ofo()on. xUuo 
iljror Ci'l)o ontfproffon foU^onbo 9 Minbor : 

1. Diari), iKboron 17. ^uli 1872. . 

2. l^i.^.^ie, goboren 4. A't'bruar 1875. 

3. (5(ara, i^eboren 8. ;;^uli 1876. 

4. ©oorc^o X'-, (\dmm 8. max 1877. 

5. o*'-''')"/ Gcbovon 21). 3optombor 1878. 

6. 3ofepf) XH., c^bovon 11. ;3nni 1880. 

7. Marl, geboron 4. 3(ntpift 1883. 

8. 3:i.Un)e(m, i^oboren 6. ^nli 1886. 

9. ^Jiartjarot, c^oboron 8. ;>nli 1889. 



(Sienie^e luas bir ®ott bejc^iebeii, 
®ntbel)re flcrne loas bu nic^t l)a)t. 
Senn jeber ©tanb f)at fetnen e^-riebeii, 
eiu jeber ©tanb l)at feine Saft. 



^eber UJann recf)t qet^aii, 
^ft eiiie ^uiift bie ''JJiemaiib fami; 
^oinmt abet etner ber fagen fanii 
@r i)abe jeber -DJann redjt fletfian, 
©0 bitt' id) Um mit aller ©l^r, 
2)Q^ er mic^ biefe ^un[t aud) lef)r'. 








WASHINGTON STATUE, at Entrance to Fairmount Park, Philadelphia, Erected in Honor 

of the Father of His Country. 



GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 



91 




A NOBLE KNIGHT. 

(Translation of the Toast "Ein Ritter.") 



To the Noble Knight 

That high his sword for Hberty swings, 

In deed and word the truth defends 

With emotions sweetly 

The songs of his country sweetly sings. 

First in mind the maid he loves, 

To her presents the best of drinks, 

To this Noble Knight fill the loving cup, 

With the best of wine to the brim. 

Greet with a thousand welcomes him 

As a brother of the fraternal realm. 



92 UENEALUUY OF THE KITTEK FAxMlLY. 



Genealogy of the Ritter Family 

The name Ritter dates far baek in the early history of Germany. 
Just where the name Ritter originated tlie writer has been unable to 
fathom, and also unable to iiiid out the locality of the early ancestors 
of OUT- family. 

'Phe name Hitter was a lille <iiven to men for some act of bravery 
in wars. The name is also (-(luivalent to the name of kniuht in the 
EiiLilish lanuiiauv and ehevalici' in the French lany'ua<i'e. There were 
many Ihat were created ixittci-s or Iviiights during' tlie wars of the 
Crusades. ^Nlany of these and their descendants have Nvon insignia of 
the Cross. 

Before the invention and use of gunpowder, wars and warfare 
were mostly eonduetcd with liand-to-hand cond)ats or tights. The 
cavalry in those tlays was called Rittei- from riding or ])eing mounted 
on a horse. These Ritters did their fighting ])y hand-to-hand com- 
bats with s^\'ol•d and spear, and there were many of them who liad 
their bodies protected by an armor, or covering of .some metal, to wai-d 
oft' the thrusts of the sword or spear of the enemy. Their head was 
protected by a heluiet and the face by a helmet that extended for pro- 
tection over the head, so that there was nothing visible of the rider 
except the shape of his iierson. These Ritters were renowned for their 
fearless courage and bravery. 

There have bfcn many orders created of Ritters by the crowned 
heads of Europe. Men who have become distinguished by .some act 
of valoi- or sonii' act for the good of humanity, have been received 
'nto, and decorated with, the insignia of tliese difterent orders. In 
the United States of Amei-ica there are also orders of Ritters, or so- 
called Knights, first and foremo.st of which is the Knights Templar, 
Knights of Pythias, Knights of Columbus and many others. To the 
American order of Knights only such men as are worthy of the name 
can become members. 



GENEALOGY (3F THE RITTER FAillLY. 93 

The ex.ict locality \\iuM-<' our ancestors came from when they 
settled in the Palatinate or Hheinpfalz. the writer has been unable to 
ascertain. The family were related to many of the leading- families 
that lived in the Palatinate dui'ing my fathei-'s and grandfather's 
time, but how the relationshij) came about I have not been able to tind 
out. I cannot go back any furtht^i- in the records than is given in this 
book, as all previous records were destroyed when the Rathaus, or 
Town Hall, of Altleiningen was bui-ned. 

i\Ir. H. Kaercher. the })resent owner and resident of the Xeuhof, 
has made every endeavoi* to trace back tlie histoiy. and says in a letter 
written t<^ me in 18H() that he has reason to believe that the Ritter fam- 
ily lived in the X(Mdiof in the Seventeenth Century. On what evidence 
.Mr. Kaercher bases his belief I am unable to say, luiless it be from 
some cornerstone or .something about the buildings that I have not 
heard of. The writer saw a stone water-trough cut out of one solid 
piece of brown stone, a])out "> ft. long aiul a])out 8 ft. high, that has 
the initials C. R. and C. M. on the side, meaning C'liristian Ritter and 
Christian ^Miller. The date was ITll'J. This trough receives the tlow of 
water that supplies the place and is conducted there from a spi-ing 
from the mountain across the valley on the southern side. 

I have had ver])ally from my father that the family came from 
the south of (xermany. either Wu"rttemberg or Baden neai- ttie border 
of Switzerland, but just when \hry left that countiy is also unknown 
to me. 

Having explainetl tlu- name of Ritter and its origin and the origin 
of our particular branch or })ai-t of the Rittei' family as neai' as 1 hav(^ 
been able to ascertain, I will let this ex])lanation rest with this writing. 



GERMANY 



Germany, the land of our foi-efathei's, is situated in eeiilf;'' 
Enroj)e. It extends from north to south i'or aboul eight liuii(lrt'(l miles, 
and from east to west six hun(lre(l miles, .\ortheni (iei'iiiany is I'oi- 
the most part le\'el. whilst central ( lei'iiiaii\- is diversilied by scvei'al 
mountain chains. Higher )nouiitaiiis. ho\\e\-ei'. are found in soutlu'rn 
Germany; these are the so-called spurs of the Alps. 



94 GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 

F\\c iiia.jcstic strcjiiiis ti'averse Ihc old country, namt'ly, procccd- 
ing from the cmsI. wc have Ihc \'istula. ( )(lcf. Elbe. Weser and the 
Rhine, whilst another grand stream, the Danube, tiows through the 
southern portion of the (iernian p]nipii-e. All of these rivers empty 
into the sea: that is, the Vistuhi and the Oder flow into the Baltic; 
the Elbe, Weser, and the Rhine into the North S(>a. Avhilst the 
Danube empties into the Kuxijic or Hhick Sea. All of these streams 
Hi'c navigable for eonsidci-abic distances. This is especially ti'ue of 
the Rhine, which, dui'ing the Summer and .\utinnn, is frequented l)y 
more freight boats, tug boats, and |)assenge)" steam-boats than any i-iver 
in Europe. The saloon steaniei's carry large luniibei's of Americans. 
These steamers ply from (^ologne to .Mayeiice through the picturesque 
valley of the Rhine with its viueclad hills, interspersed with ruins and 
castles old in story. This valley is bounded on the west by the llardt 
and tlie Vogese .Mountains, whilst it (extends eastward as fai- as the 
Black and the Oden Foi-est JMountains. 

Both of these mountain chains (the llardt and the \^)gese) are in 
the Pfrdz, situated at a distance of from fifteen to twenty miles fi'om 
the l^hine. The soil of the valley of the Rhine is fertile, and pi'e- 
eminently adapted to agriculture. From the mountains that sui-round 
it, innumerable streams, that make the meadows green, pour their 
watei-s into old father Rhine. 

Sombre forests clothe these mountains, whose craggy tops are 
crowned with castle ruins, mute witnesses of bygone glory. And yet 
these glorious days of old were l\v no means balmy for the peaceable 
dwellers in this traiupiil valley, foi" they were compelled to perform 
irksome feudal sei'vices and to pay heavy tribute to all the predatory 
feudal sovereigns, both great and small, who for centuries, perched in 
their mountain fastnesses, lorded it with a, high hand over their vassals. 

The low(>r slop(>s of the Hardt and the Vogese IMountains in the 
Pfalz are eovei-ed with vineyards, with gi'oves of chestnut and almond 
trees. Still fui'ther down, grain of all kinds is raised, but chiefly rye 
and wheat; whilst close to the Rhine, hops, tobacco and sugar beets are 
cultivated. 

The land dwelt in by our ancestors is called the Palatinate, a name 
given it by the Romans, who almost 2000 years ago constructed strat- 



GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 95 

eerie I'ojids throuuh the count I'v. built st I'on^hoids, and i'oundcd citii^s 
here. Numerous ineuiorifils of tliese ancient colonizers ai'e visible to 
the ])re.sent day in the Khenish Palatinate. 'I'he proximity of this 
country to France has been the soui-ce of severe suft'erinfi's to the 
people thereof, foi' dui'ini;' numei'ous wars this bordei'land was ovei'run 
by ]iowerful ai'mies, and the toil of its thrifty husbandmen tro(hlen 
underfoot. 

The climate ol" the western portion of the Palatinate is rou<jli. the 
soil is less fertile. IbouLili abouiidiiiu' in iiiiiiei'als, coal, ii'on, co[)pei" 
and sil\-ei-. The exploitation of this niinei'id wealth was ancient!}^ 
vei'v meagre, Ix'cause the means of t I'ansportat ion were vei'v primi- 
tive. Nowadays it is ((uite dilVei-ent. foi' railways and steaniei-s convey 
all natural products to the ufcat conunercial and industrial cities, 
whence. I'abi'icated by ai't. tliey ai'c exported. 

.Man\- are the I'ulers that have swa\-ed over the Palatinate, and 
extraneous lords at that, whose sole object was to extort as much money 
as possible from theii' sub.jects. The most uloi'ious and renowned time 
ill the historv of the Palatinate was Avhen the Electoral Princes, who 
resided at Ileidelherii', held sway. 

The yeai- 1()!)2 was fraught with a- dreadful calamity, inasmuch as 
the French under Louis XIV General ^lelack devastated the Palatinate 
with fire and sword in such a degree that many inhabitants fled to 
friendlier lands. Many emigrated to America at the close of the Seven- 
teenth and at the beginning of the Eighteenth Centuries. From this 
epoch the German settlement in the State of Pennsylvania began, and 
here the Palatinate dialect of the German language has been preserved 
foi- ii])wards of two centuries, and is loved and cherished still by the 
descendants of thos(> ])ei"secuted by the French. 

In A. D. 1825, the Rhenish Palatinate came into the possession of 
the Kingdom of Bavaria, being known as the " l\*heinkreis." The old 
house of AVittelsbach being extinct in Bavaria, the lateral branch suc- 
ceeded to the throne of Bavaria in the Electoral Prince of the Palatin- 
ate, King ilaximilian I, 182"). being the first Palatinate ruler of 
Bavaria. Notwithstanding the fact that the Palatinate is governed by 
Bavaria, the country has. nevertheless, since 1800, enjoyed considerable 
])rivileges as compared with other (ierman lands, by virtue of the laws 
received from the tirst French licpublic. Napoleon I Avas the proniul- 



96 GENEALOGY' OF THE KITTER FAMILY. 

gatoi- of these laws which are lience called the "Code Napoleon." This 
code secured for the I'alatinate reli<ii()ns liberty and freedom of trade, 
as well as independence and (weniptioii from taxation hy the numerous 
petty nobles and lieti'e-loi'ds. who foi'mei'iy j)led the country. At the 
same time compiilsoi-y education was introduced. At the present day 
the schools are non-sectarian, beinu' supported by the various conunon 
ties, whilst the Cliui-cii has lost th(^ y'reater pai't of hei- intluence in the 
maiuiii'ement of the schools. The ta.xes our ancestors had to pay were 
heavy indeed. Not oidy were tliey ta.xed for the farms, houses, manors, 
horses, cattle, and doj^s they possessed — nay. even the li.uht of day that 
ent(M'(^d tlieir window-i)anes was rated according to the number of 
window-panes. 

Hut by far the most ci-yinu' outi-a^e consisted in the so-called pred- 
ial tithes, or tenth part of the ])roduct of their fai'ms harvested, which 
product they had to let stand upon their Melds as triluite foi- their liege- 
lord, who would send foi'tli his bailit'ls to gather in this tenth part of 
the toil of his subjects and store it U]) in so-called tithe barns, in which 
these tithes were put to sale, and the money realized was squandered 
to i)amper the volu|)1uous passions of a lordling. The present system 
of taxation is uniform and just, consisting of a small pei'centage on 
one's incom(\. whilst those whose income is less than .^22"). 00 a year 
ai-c not taxed a1 all. These taxes are pi-opoi'tionately distributed 
amoni;' the State, the Community, and the Church. These thi'ce l)odies 
nnist I'cndei' a public account to the people concei'uing the mode of 
emi)loyment of the taxes, which can be expended oidy in furtherance 
of the common weal. 

The monetary system of the olden time presented a motley pictui'e. 
There w(M'e coins of all kinds and values. For almost every petty state 
coined its own monc'y according to its own valuation. Hence there 
were Carolines (eleven Horinsi, Louis d'oi's ( fivt' dollai'sj, five franc 
Thalers. Piaissian Thalers. Crown Thalers, six l^at/en and three 
Bat/.cn pieces. Kreulzer. (iroscheii, and what not! Trafficking in the 
ma rkcl-placcs was rendered exceedingly complicated, as all these values 
had to be reckoned ovei" ami over and to be laivcii into the bargain, 
hence gi'cal cai'c was necessary, for I'l-aud was I'ampant, and miscal- 
culations galoi'c. When a dealer had 1i-ansacted business, he would 
sti-ap all thest' coins in a leathern gii'th-wallet about his body, a burden 



GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 9? 

whose weight increased and sorely pressed the wanderer on his home- 
ward way, though being safest carried thus. At the present day there 
is l)ut one monetary system throughout the German Empire, which 
system consists of marks and pfennige. A mark is i-eckoned at 25c. 
United States money, and consists of a hundred pfennige. Hence, a 
pfennig is the least copper coin, and although almost as big and as 
thick as a cent, it is worth but one-quarter of a cent; therefore four 
pfennige equal one cent. In Germany, too, there have been for many 
years ai'tistieally executed bank-notes, drafts and bills of exchange, 
wheivby transactions are facilitated in a high degree. The entire 
iiioiu'taiy system of (Tcrmany is regulated l)y the Imperial Bank, and 
since A. 1). 1871, it is upon as firm a basis as the American banking 
system. Of course, the German peasant and the (Ternian business man 
no longer carries his stock and store of money in a leathern girth-wallet 
around his waist, but they keep their money in a bank or savings fund, 
whilst keeping their check books in their pockets. All is changed now, 
you can hardly fancy that there was an olden time, and were it not 
for the ancient, yet still existing, mai'kets and f'oi' tradition, you would 
lliiiik the whilom peasants and traders trudging afoot and awagon for 
days, their whole fortune strapped rovuid theii' body, — why, you would 
think them a foolish mvth ! 




INDEPENDENCE HALL, Philadelphia, Pa. The Birthplace of Liberty. 



I 




LIBERTY BELL 
The Bell that proclaimed the blessing of Liberty throughout all the Land and to the 

Inhabitants thereof, July 4, 1776 



i 



GENEALOGY OP THE RITTER FAMILY. 103 

George Christian Ritter 

His Family and his Descendants 
A FULL REGISTER OF THE WHOLE FAMILY 

Our great graudfather, George Christian Ritter, buiii 1735, was 
the owner of a very valuable estate of two hundred acres of land called 
the "Neuhof, " situated in the valley of the Karlsbach, near the town 
of Altleiningen, in the Rhenish Palatinate, Bavaria, Germany. 

He married and had two children, a son, George Christian, born 
about 1760, and a daughter, Dorothea IMagdalena, born about 1763. 
George Christian, the younger, married Eva Schreiner of Wattenheim, 
and Dorothea IMagdalena was married to Christian INIiller. The estate 
was divided equally between the two children, each receiving one hun- 
dred acres of land and half of the Neuhof buildings. These buildings 
were capacious and formed a lidllow square with a large yard in the 
centre, the two dwellings facing outwards, to the east and west respec- 
tively. The one facing eastward connnanded a tine view of the valley. 
]\Iy grandfather, George Christian Ritter, received this dwelling, 
wherein all his children were born. 

The Neuhof buildings are situated on an elevation, overlooking the 
valley of the Karlsbach, the town of Altleiningen, and the stupendous 
ruins of the castle of the Prince of Leiningen. 

George Christian Ritter and his wife, nee Eva Schreiner, had in- 
herited considerable wealth, niul were looked upon as very well-to-do 
in their time ; but the long continued wars between Germany and 
France caused frightful hardships to the inhabitants of the Rhenish 
Palatinate, nor did our gi-aiulparents escape the general calamity. The 
country was overrun l)y jit'inics that went foraging, plundering and 
harrying. This wretched condition of affairs lasted from 1789 to 1814. 
Failure of crops in 1816 and 1817 brought on a dire famine. 

Grandfather George Christian Ritter and his wife lived happily 
together and were blessed with many children, but they had troubles 
that were beyond their control. Not the least t)f these were the long 
continued wars between the French and the Germans, from the year 
1789 to 1815. These wars started with the war of the first French 



104 GENEALOGY OP THE RITTER FAMILY. 

Revolution, when the French marched forth from Alsace and Lorraine 
and proclaimed Liberty, Equality and Fraternity. The Fraternity 
was shown hy levyinn: heavy taxes and taking away everything valuable 
they could lay their hands on, until the invaders were driven back by 
the Prussians and the Austrians. 

I will here relate an incident that happened about this time. One 
snowy, dreary winter afternoon, while the French held possession of 
the Leiningen Valley of which the Neuhof is a part, the Prussians and 
Austrians approached from a high hill on the north and opened a 
lively artillery tire on the French. This made the French retreat to 
the hills south of the Neuhof and answer with cannon. This brought 
the Neuhof, which lies on an elevation between the two forks of the 
valley, directly into the line of cross-tiring of the two armies. Grand- 
father and Grandmother Ritter took their children and ran to the 
iieai'est woods about five hundred yai-ds distant, in order to save their 
lives. As is customary in Germany, she carried the baby on a feather 
jiillow. On reaching a place of safety in the woods, it was discovered 
that the baby had slipped fi'om the i)ilIow and was lost in the snow. 
In her fright and fear, (xrandmother Ritter did not miss the baby. 
They walked back and found the baby and none the wor.se for having 
been lost in the snow: and it lived to a good old age. The Neuhof was 
not much damaged by the cannonade. 

Another episode occurred when the French were driven back, 
defeated, and their places were taken by wild hordes of half-civilized 
Croats, Slavs, etc. They came with the Austrian army, and at their 
arrival Uncle Miiller remarked joyfully: "Now comes our (Jerman 
brothers." But he soon recognized what a big mistake he had made. 

As soon as these cohorts entered the Neuhof they took the shoes off 
the feet of the inhabitants and the clothes off their back. 

Li the year 1800, Napoleon Bonaparte assumed the ruling of 
France, of which the latter Palatinate was made a province and Grand- 
father Ritter 's sons were drafted into the French army. Lorenz 
Philij) and Johannes became French soldiers about 1810. The regi- 
ments they belonged to were commanded to march toward the Russian 
border as early as February 1812. My father, Johannes, was sick in 
the hospital at Boulogne Sur Mere, which is on the English Channel 
near Dover. He therefore could not march with the regiment. He, 



GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 105 

however, marched in ]\[ay with a battalion made up of convalescents 
from different regiments. When they reaeluMl the Enssian border in 
September, news arrived that .Moscow was burned and Napoleon wn.s 
retreating'. ^My father's, Johannes Ritter's, regiment was consigned 
to the fortress of ^Magdeburg and renunned there until Napoleon 
was driven back into Fraiice. and peace established. They returned 
home in 1814. During all those years, from 178!) until 1814. Grand- 
father and (irandmother Ritter lived in feai- and anxietv, not knowing 
what hour they would be called upon to iiiak-e some sacrifice of children 
MS soldici's. ()!• of ])i'()pei'ty in sii])port of the war. However, bad as all 
these years had been, there were woi-se ones still in store for them. 

In 1816 they had raised fine crops, but when the time came for 
harvesting, rainy weather set in all over Europe, so that very little of 
the crops could be harvested, but our grandparents had sufficient until 
next year. The first half of 1817 is known as one of the greatest 
famine years in history, and thousands of people died from hunger 
in various parts of p]urope. The year 1818 wa.s even worse for our 
grandparents: a cattle disease bi'oke out in their stables, and they lost 
all their cattle (about twenty-five head). They then had their stables 
tlioroughly cleaned and disinfected and bought another stock of cattle, 
but these also died. For a second time they had everything renovated, 
disinfected and cleaned and again bought another stock of cattle, but 
these fared the same as the others. 

Dismayed, discouraged and in debt, something had to be done; 
they could not stay where they were. About this time there came a 
Mr. Neu, a friend of grandfather's. ?Ie had jast returned from Rus- 
sian Poland, whither he had gone on the invitation of the Russian 
Government to take a look at some land that had been abandoned by 
some Polish noblemen, and he had selected three pieces of land of 100 
acres each. These he received at a lease of twenty years nominally 
free. As he wanted some fi'icnds to be his neighbors in Poland, he 
oft'ered one of these tracts to my grandfatlu'r. who accepted it. (Ji-aiid- 
father then sold out his ])roi)erty, and in 1819 moved to Russian Poland 
and took possession of one of the places selected by Mr. Neu. 

The location was about twenty miles fi'om the City of Warsaw, 
the capital of Poland, in the valley of the Hivei- \'istula, and the name 
of this town was Gunzig. Besides Mr. Neu's and grandfather's family, 



106 GENEALOGY OF THE RlTTER FAMILY. 

another family went along. Not all of grandfather's family were 
willing to emigrate to Russisi. 'Pliree sons, Lorenz Philip, Johannes, 
and John Philip would not go with their father bnt remained in the 
Palatinate. The other seven went along with their parents, bnt their 
son, Christian, stayed only one year and then came back in company 
with Mr. Neu, wlu. had some business to settle in his old home. 
Christian never went back to Poland. 

The distance from the Neuhof, from were grandfather started, 
to Russian Poland is about seven hundred English miles. At the time 
there were no steamboats nor i-ailroads, and they had to go in their 
wagons over poor roads most of the way. The tour was a slow and 
tedious one; many hardships had to he endured, but they arrived fin- 
ally at their destination and took [xtssession of the land that Mr. Neu 
had selected. Here they settled down in the town (lunzig and dwelt 
for the remainder of their lives. (Jrandfather Ritter died about 1830 
and grandmother about 1850. Their children were all married. I 
remember that we received a letter in 1844 from Uncle George Hein- 
rich stating that grandmothcM- was well, and that she had forty-four 
grandchildren and five great-grandchildren, and at that time the four 
sons living in Germany had twenty-nine children, making a total of 
seventy-three grandchildren and five great-grandchildren. Uncle 
George Heinrich wrote us another letter in 1846, but I do not remem- 
ber anything it contained, excepting that grandmother was living. If 
I remember correctly. Uncle Christian IJitter told me that he received 
a letter saying that Grandm(»ther Kva Kitter died in 1850. I have 
often inquired of people who came riom Poland, hut have never met 
anyone that knew or heard anything of our relations. 

George Christian U'itler was hoiai about 17(iO and his wife, Eva 
Ritter, nee Schreinei'. about the year 1768. They wei'e married in the 
year 1786 and out of this union the following children were born: 

Loreii/ IMiilii), boiai at the Neuhof in 1788. 

Christian, born dune I'J, 1790. 

Johannes, born May 2, 1792. 

Magdalena, born in 1796. 

John Philip, born dune 24. 1801. 

George Heinrich, born dfumary 15, 1803. 

Adams George, born ]\Iarch 7, 1806. 



Genealogy of the ritter family. 107 

Barbara 



^^ . . T , twins, born September 9, 1807. 
Hemrich ' 

Dorothea, born July 9, 1809. 

Simon, born September 12, 1812. 

As stated before, all these children, excepting the three eldest sons, 
emigrated with their parents to Russian Poland about the year 1818 
and they settled in a small town oi- village called "Gunzig. " 

I now take up that branch of the Ritter family that deals with 
the four sons who remained in the Palatinate. As stated before in this 
sketch, they were Lorenz Philip, Johannes, John Philip, and Christian. 
The first three had never gone to Kussia, and the latter only remained 
a year and then retui'ued home. Each of these brothers started out 
for themselves, working for a salary at various places in the Palatinate, 
excepting the youngest, J(_)hn Philip, avIio went to live with Uncle 
Valentine Schreiner, a brother of Grandmother Ritter 's, in Breunig- 
weiler. Uncle Valentine Schreiner had large possessions of land and 
John Philip helped to cultivate the land for seven years. He married 
his uncle's daughter, his cousin, Katherina Schreiner. 



108 GENEALOGY OF THE KITTEK FAMILY. 



LORENZ PHILIP RITTER 

First Son of George Christian and Eva Ritter of Neoliof 

Lofciiz Philip, oldest son of (Jeorj^c Cliristian and Hva Hitter, 
niari'ied and lived in Alliisheini in the ]\hein})falz, Bavaria. (leiMuaiiy. 
His wife iidiei-ited considerable wealth. He followed the transporta- 
tion husiiicss. liaulinu' freight, mostly silver sand, to a y'lass factory 
al)ont thirty iiiilfs in the west Khcinpfal/, and I'ctnrnin^' with ^'lass- 
ware to ^lannheiiii. He was very pros])erous until the first railroad 
was built. 

His wife died in the year lS4ti. and he retired from business and 
lived with one of his dau.uhters. who had mai'i'ied and lived in the City 
of ]\Iaimh('im on the Rhine and there he died. 

Loi-cn/, IMiilii) I\itt('r had three sons and tln*ee daughters. The 
oldest son was named Philip, the second Christian, and the third Con- 
rad. The dauuhtei's names were Eva, Magdalena, and Catherine. 
These six eliildi-eii all stayed in (Jei-many, excepting' the second son, 
Christian (born at Albisheini 1881). 



GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 109 

BIOGRAPHY OF CHRISTIAN RITTER 

Second Son of hotenz Philip Ritter of Albisheim 

Christian Kittci-, from Al])isheini, came to America in 1853. 
He first lived in Norwich, New York, wiiere lie married Lizzie Weber 
(born December 18, 1888). Then he came to Phihidelphia. He was en- 
gaged in the business of polishing cutlery at first, but tlie last ten years 
of his life he was engaged in tlu' fruit preserving business with his 
cousin, Philip .1. Rittei-. He died September 15, 1885. Christian 
had one son and four daughters, as follows: 

Delia, born 1860, married W. Vandergrift, they have eight 
children. 

Lizzie, born 1862, married Horace Williams; have no children. 

Caroline, born at Philadelphia in 1864, who married E. Wambold; 
no children. 

George, lunnarried, boi'n at Philadelphia 1867. 

Louisa, unmarried, born at Philadelphia 1870. 

Delia, oldest daughter of Christian B. Kitter, married William H. 
Vantlergrift, of Prankford, near Philadelphia, on August 30, 1876. 
Mv. Vandergrift 's business has been since his marriage almost con- 
tinuously with his wife's cousin, P. J. Pitter, as a salesman. T^p to 
the present time they have eight children living. 

George R., born September 5, 1878. 

William H., born April 6, 1882. 

Elizabeth, born February 18, 1884. 

Clarence W., born July 23, 1888. 

Jennie M., born March 26, 1893. 

Florence, born August 5, 1894. 

Warren E., born June 5, 1896. 

Delia, born April 4, 1898. 

George R. Vandergrift 's oldest son leai-ned the printing business 
and carries on job jn-inting on his own account, and is doing well. He 
is married and has two children. 

William H. Vandergrift, his second son, is a salesman with his 
cousin, Philip J. Ritter. 



no GENEALOaY OF THE RITTER FAMILY, 



BIOGRAPHY OF CHRISTIAN RITTER 

Second Son of George Christian and Eva Ritter of the Neuhof 

Christian Ritter was hoi-ii at the Xeuhof, near Altleiningen, June 
12, 1790. 

He received liis education at the school at Altleinino-en. After 
leavino' school he was enoaged on liis father's farm until the father 
and family emigrated to Russian rolaiid. lie Avent with the family, 
but did not like I'oland and remained only one year when he returned 
to his own country, the Rheinpfalz, (iei-many. He suffered many 
hardships on his I'etin-n, having t(i walk almost the entire distance of 
seven hundred miles, several times sleeping in the woods willi a stone 
for a pillow. 

Christian worked after his reluni at the flour mill of Mr. Sebas- 
tian Hammel, at Kii'chhi'im an {\('v I'.rk. lie was well thought of by 
his employer and soon became manager of the mill, a position of honor 
and trust, which he filled for a number of years, lie saved his earn- 
ings and accumidated (|uite a sum of money. 

Christian made tlie acpi lintance of Phiiii)ina Oswald, the only 
daughtei" and child of Ileinricli and .Marie Oswald, and tliey were 
married. Their home and |»ro|)er1y adjoined the mill. 

After his marriage Christian engaged in the grain and transpor- 
tation business, buying and selling grain and carrying it to the large 
markets of distant cities. After several years this ceased to be so 
profitable, and he gave his attention to farming, planting grain and 
fruit trees. He had bought and leased some land, so that, together with 
what his wife had inherited, they had enough of the world's posses- 
sions to live very comfortable. 

Christian Ritter was about five feet seven inches in height, was 
broad shouldered and of well proportioned body. He was of a dark 
complexion, and had dark eyes and hair. He had an oval full featured 
face which always wore a cheerful expression. He had a good natured, 











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GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. ll:> 

jovial disposition, and was always square in his dealings. Altogether 
he was a broad, liberal minded citizen, and a conscientious, religious 
husband and father to his family 

Philiplxa Oswald, wife of Christian Hitter, the subject of the 
aforegoing biography, was born at Kii'chheim an der Eck, January 8, 
1810. She went to school at Kirchheim and, being a quick learner, 
she soon completed the studies at this school. She was confirmed at 
the age of fourteen years at the Protestant Church at Kirchheim. 

After leaving school she assisted her mother at hoiLsehold duties 
until she was eighteen years of age when she was married to Christian 
Eitter. Their married life was a very happy one, and Philipina was 
a very good Christian and a conscientious, cheerful and energetic wife. 
She was a good housekeeper and great assistant to her hasband. 

They had six children. The first child named Heinrich died when 
four years old. The other five, four sons and one daughter lived to 
manhood. The four sons left home to seek their fortunes in the New 
World. The daughter Elizabeth stayed with her mother and father. 

Their children were: — 

Jakob Ritter was born July 1, 1830. 

Christian Ritter was born 1832. 

Heinrich B. Ritter was born September 17, 1835. 

Philip J. Ritter was born September 17, 1837. 

Elisabeth Ritter-Hammel was born January' 8, 1845. 

Philipina 's husband died on June 24, 1863. In 1864 her son, 
Heinrich, visited his former home and mother and sister. This visit 
brought a thought to Philipina 's mind, that it being her husband was 
dead it would be more pleasant for her to be where most of her children 
resided. She concluded to go with her son to America, and her 
daughter and her betrothed agreed to go along. They held a public 
sale of their real and personal estate, and in a short time everything 
was settled. On January 11, 1865, the steamer left the shores of 
Europe and brought Philipina and the balance of her family to New 
York. 

After a visit that lasted one week to her son Heinrich and his 
wife, her sister-in-law IMrs. Johannes Ritter, and the families of her 
nephews, Philip J. Ritter and Christian Ritter in Philadelphia, she 



114 



GENEALOGY OP THE RITTER FAMILY. 



went to her fin;)] Iioiim' iicmt TTaiiiiltoii. Oliio. Slic w;is linppy to have 
all her cliildriMi ardiiiid her oiicc hkh-c. ElizahcUi and Adam naiiiiiiel 
were soon after inai-ricd and IMiilipiiia Rittei' made her lioiiic with 
them. 

Plulil)iiia (Oswald Ritter enjoyed l)etter health after she left 
Kirchhciiii. 'I'iie ocean voyaii'e cured her of llic astliina. from which 
she had been a sutl'ei'ei- a hue.;- lime. Phili|)iiia was a tall, well-built 
woman of dark complexion. She jiad dai'k haii' and eyes, and had a 
well-formed oval face with a mild cheerful and kind expression. 



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GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 117 



BIOGRAPHY OF JACOB RITTER 

Son of Christian and Philipina Ritter^ Born at Kirchheim an der Ecfc 

Jacob received his education at the school at Kirchheim <in der 
Eck. He was possessed of a good memory, jiiid \v;is ;i good scholar, 
mastering all the branches well and quickly. 

At the age of fourteen he left school and engaged in his father's 
business of gi-ain, wine and fruit farming, and came to be quite profi- 
cient at the business. At the age of eighteen he went to seek his 
fortune in the New World. He came by a sailing vessel to New York, 
and from New York he traveled to Butler County. Ohio, where he soon 
after engaged in the business he had learned, working for different 
farmers at such wages as were paid in those times to newcomers from 
the Old Country. 

In 1855 he visited his parents at Kii'chheim. and in 1856 returned 
to the United States. On his way to the West he visited his uncle, 
aunt and cousins in Philad('l]»hia. He went back to Butler County, 
Ohio, and engaged in farming again, first for others and later for his 
own account by renting a farm. 

He married in 1860, and continued in his business at different 
places until he bought his present home and farm of one hundred and 
twenty-five acres, beautifully located three miles north of Seven Mile 
Station, Butler County, Ohio. He and his family have lived on the 
present place about twenty-five years, and are in very comfortable cir- 
cumstances. They have a very nice house with very nice surrounding's. 

Jacob Ritter is of dark complexion, has large dark eyes and dark 
or black hair, and has a full oval face with pleasant and intelligent 
countenance. He is a kind-hearted husband and father and has a kind 
heart to all. 

In the prime of life he was about five feet nine inches in height, 
well proportioned in body, weighing about 175 pounds, and was a 
strong robust man. 

Magdalen A, Jacob Ritter 's wife, was a good wife to her husband, 
and a good mother to lier children with a kind heart to all. She as- 



l-^^ GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 

sisted her husband through life in all his undertakings and enter- 
prises, and helped to make their enterprise a success by her strict 
economy and good management of her family affairs. They had 
fourteen children; seven died in infancy and those living are: 

Edward, born March 13, 1862. ITo married and lives in Cin- 
cinnati where he keeps a hotel. They have no children. 

Henry, born November 5, 18G3. He remained unmarried and 
worked on his father's farm in partnership with his brother Emil. 

Henry died in 1904. 

Amelia or Emily, born November 2, 1866. She married John 
Augsburger, who was born in Ohio in 1866. They live on the Pleasant 
View Stock Farm in Preble County, Ohio, and have one child. This 
child is a son named Waldor Augsburger, born February 26, 1897, and 
he is at present the only grandchild of Jacob and :\Iagdalena Ritter. 

Emil, born February 24, 1871. He is unmarried and managed his 
father's farm, together with his brother Henry in partnership. 

Ida, born October 5, 1872. She married John J. Cooper, born in 
1870. They were married in 1898 and have no children. They live in 
Chicago, where he is employed as liookkeeper in a large establishment, 
or at present for a railroad coml)ine from wliich he receives a large 
salary for his superior ability. 

Elizabeth Malinda, born January 2, 1877. She married Wilbur 
Dougherty, of Preble County, Ohio. He lives on his father's place and 
farms it. They had one child. It died. 

Daniel, born May 28, 1878. He is, as yet, unmarriiMl and lives at 
Chicago, where he is manager for a firm in the lumber business, who 
also have a large sash factory and picture f i-aines. He has been in this 
position six years on January 1, 1904. 



BIOGRAPHY OF CHRISTIAN RITTER 

Christian, second son of Christian Ritter, who lived at Kirchheim 
an der Eck, married Mrs. Schmitt, a widow, formerly a INIiss Lowen- 
berg. They lived in Butler County, Ohio, near the City of Hamilton. 
They both died very young and left one daughter. She is probably 
married and living at Hamilton, Ohio. Have not been able to find out 
more about her, 



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GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 121 



BIOGRAPHY OF HENRY B. RITTER 

Henry was born September 17, 1835. He received his education 
at the Town School at Kirchheim an der Eek. He was gifted with a 
good intellect, and was a very good scholar soon mastering all the 
branches that were taught in this school, and keeping at the head of 
his class. 

At the age of fourteen he was confirmed in the Protestant Church, 
and soon after left school. He went to work on his father's lands, 
becoming a Avine, fruit and grain farmer. When he was nineteen 
years of age he started to seek his fortune in the New World, and left 
his home and parents and came to the United States. He went to the 
State of Ohio where he had two brothers living, Jacob and Christian. 
Henry worked two years on the farm in Ohio, when at the request of 
his cousin, Philip J. Ritter, he came to Philadelphia to learn the trade 
of confectioner and ice cream maker. At this business, Henry, through 
a misunderstanding, served only about six months and then left. 

After leaving his cousin's he was engaged as driver and conductor 
on a street railroad car for several years. He then left his position 
on the street car and became engaged in the hotel and saloon business. 
He was only moderately successful the first few years. He then 
changed his place of business and had better success and accumulated 
some wealth. He remained in the business until he died in April 1893. 

Henry was married four times. His fourth wife died one year 
before him. He left two children from the second wife, five from the 
third, and three children from the fourth wife. The youngest one 
was three years old at the time of his death. 

He was five feet nine inches tall, well built and of dark com- 
plexion. He had full dark eyes, and had dark hair and moustache. 
He was a good husband and father, kind-hearted to everybody, and 
would inconvenience himself to serve a friend. He was of a sanguine 
disposition, firm and of strong convictions, yet very pleasant in his 
expressions. Socially he was a good conversationalist, a pleasant 
entertainer, and could talk on many subjects, tell a pleasant story, 
thereby making many friends. He wtis a member of the Masonic 
Order. 



122 GENEALOGY OF THE BITTER FAMILY. 

Henry's first wife's name was IMary Meiers; they had no children. 
She died April 3, 1862. 

His second wiff's name was AVilhclmiiia Hesserrick. horn in ITom- 
burg, Hessen-Dai-nistadt. They were man-icd .Inly 11, 1863, and had 
three children, bnt only two arc li\in,t;-. Wilhelmina died October 4, 
1871. Tlieyare: 

Anna jMary, born ]\larch 28, 1868, and married Charles Zells. 
They have one danuhter seventeen years of age. 

Charles, horn ()ctol)cr 14, 1870. He did not marry and died 
November, 1903. 

Henry's lliii'd wife's name was Alaiy A'oigt. She died June 12, 
1884. They had five children. Tlieyare: 

John (Jottlieb, born February 18, 1874. He is unmarried and is 
a salesman in the firm of P. J. liitter Conserve Company. 

Josephina, born September 8, 1875. 

Dorothea Elizabeth, l)oi'n June 3, 1877: immarried. 

Philip J., boi'n Sei)teml)er 14, 1878. He is unmai-ried and is re- 
ceiving clerk for the P. J. Kitter Conserve Company. 

Louisa, born August 4, 1882. Unmarried and is employed by the 
P. J. Kitter C^)nserve Company. 

Ileiii-y nian-ied llie fourth time Elizabeth JMary Bichlein. They 
had three children : 

Frederick John, boi-n June 20, 1886. He is studying to be an 
architect. 

William Wasliinuton, born A{)ril 24, 1887. Attending school. 

Plermina, born Angust 17, 1890. Still going to school. 

Elizabeth Maria Bichlein died May 31, 1892. 



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GENEALOGl OP THE RITTER FAMILY. 125 



BIOGRAPHY OF JOHN GOTTLIEB RITTER 

John Gottlieb Ritter, oldest son of Henry B. and Mary Vogt Hit- 
ter, was born February 18, 1874, at Manaynnk, a suburban town of 
Philadelphia, where his father was in the hotel business. John G. 
Ritter received his education in the public schools of Philadelphia, 
learning with ease all the branches taught. After leaving school he 
assisted his father in his business and was a great help to him, espe- 
cially when liis father's health began to fail. When his father died, 
in April, 1893, John G. Ritter was only nineteen years old, and he as- 
sumed the management of the business, together with his sister Dore- 
thea, who was but sixteen years old at that time and who managed the 
household. The youngest child of Henry B. Ritter at that time was 
only three years ohl. John KMttiM- ke]H up the h()m(\ and it was a big 
undertaking for a young man of nineteen years, with seven minor 
children to raise and care for. In 1899 he gave up the business of 
the father's, as it liad ceased to be profitable, and for a short time 
carried on the restaurant business. This did not prove a success and 
he sold the fixtures and retired from business altogether. He then 
received employment at the woi-ks of the Philip J. Ritter Conserve 
Company, filling various positions until about one year ago he was 
made salesman for the company in the City of Philadelphia, and has 
had good success, through being ambitious and persevering. 

John Ritter is six feet tall, well built, has dark hair and eyes, 
but short sighted and wears strong glasses to enable him to see good, 
has a well-formed pleasing oval face with high forehead, is of fine 
figure and gains friends readily by being a good conversationalist. He 
has an amiable disposition, is kind-hearted, and he and his sister Dora 
certainly deserve great praise for the manner they have numaged the 
family since the death of their father and mother and kept the house- 
hold and children together until they are nearly all grown and able to 
care for themselves. They removed into the city about four years 
ago so as to be nearer to the place of business. 



126 GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 



BIOGRAPHY OF PHILIP JOHN RITTER 

Philij) J. Hitler, foiirtli son of ('Iwis1i;m ;iii(l l'hili|)iii;i Iiitter, 
of Kirchlu'iiii ;iii tier Eck, was hoiii Scplcinlici' IT, 1S37. lie i-cccivcd 
his education at Kii'diluMiii, attciidini: llic school I'roiii the sixth year 
to th<" I'oiirteentli as prescribed h_v hiw. Ilaviiiu' a good inleilecl like 
his brotliers. he hecjime a i^ood scholai' and soon mastered the branches 
that were taught at the school. He also l<e|)t at the head of his class. 
At the age of foui'teen he was eoniii'nied in llie I*i-otestant Chnreli. 

Aftei- Ins term at school he was put lo worls like liis other hi-otiiers 
on Ills fatlier's hinds, and leaiaiecl the husiness oT wine, fruit and grain 
farmer until he was neai'ly twenty-one ye;iis old. 

In isns he left his home and pai'ciils ;ind came to the United 
States. lie lirsl \isi1ed his bi-olhei- Henry K'itter, at Pliila(h'li)lna, 
and also visited his Hncle -lohn U'ilter, and aunt and cousins, and 
stayed at their house the eight (hiys while he was in Phihidelphia. 

From Philadelphia lie traveled lo Iljimilton, (^hio, wliieh journey 
required ti\c da\s. He met his l)rolher lliei'e. lie then went to work 
doing farm labor I'oi- three yeai-s I'oi- a Air. John l^'lenner, receiving as 
pay for his work about a half dollai' pei- day and his board, lie saved 
his earnings, and at the end of three yeais was able to l)uy a team of 
horses, farm implements. ;nid to rent a r.irm and to stai't in business on 
his own account. To make life moi'e pleasant and endurable he had 
invited his sweetheart in Germany to come. She came and they were 
married. 

After three ye;ii's of earnest hard work' on the leased farm, and 
by the help oi' his wil'e. and the high pi'ices thai pre\ailed I'oi' I'armei's' 
j)ro(iuc1s on account of th(^ War of the Rebellion, -lohn Thilip was 
enabled, together with his bro1hei--iii l;iw Adam llannnel who had ai'- 
rived from (Jermany, as partner, to buy a farm of IS-! ncres, and the 
two farmed llie hnid in pai'lnership I'oi' six years. AVith great success, 
and l)est undersl nuding, frieiidslii|) and salisractiou to both parties, 
at the I'lid of six yeai-s the parhiei'ship was terminated. J\lr. Adam 
llammel bought a. farm neai'cr to llamillon, ( )hio, and John Philip 
bought Adam llanuners shai-e in the part nershij) farm, and continued 
to farm it until 1(S77, also dealing in lumber until 1S77. 



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GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 129 

In the year 1875 his health began to fail, and in 1877 he was com- 
pelled to give up the hard work on the farm. Having been offered by 
his eonsin Philip J. Ritter a position as 1)Hsiness manager of a branch- 
house for the sale of his i)res('rvt'd fruits, he accepted the offei', rented 
his farm, anil I'emoved to Ciiicinnali witli liis fiiiiiil\'. F(ti' ten yeai'S 
he acted as business managei- of the ( "iiiciiuiati braneh-house of Philip 
J. Ritter's Conserve Company. In the year 1887 he bought the busi- 
ness of the T^hili]) J. Ritter Conserve Company at Cincinnati, and he 
carried on the business on his own account for thirtctMi years. In the 
year 1890 John Philip Ritter retired from all business and lives as a 
private citizen, devoting some of his leisure time to works of charity. 

Katherine Bentz Ritter, wife of John Philip Ritter, of Cincinnati, 
was 'born at Kindenheim, Rheinpfalz, Germany, November 16, 1836. 
She came to Ohio in 18()2 and was married. The mari-iage was a 
happy one. Katherine is possessed of a good, amiable and loving dis- 
position, a kind heart and is a faithful working assistant to her hus- 
band, and with her energy contributed largely to her husband's success 
in the attaining of an estate of their own. Slu^ lives now a (|uiet life on 
the laurels of her early married life. They had six children and all 
live in Cincinnati, Ohio, except their daughter Katherina. They are: 

1. Mary, born February 7, 1863. Married to Jacob Luikart, Sep- 
tenitier 6, 1898. J. Luikart was born in 1862. They have no children. 

2. Philipina. born February 12, 1866. Maii-icd Joseph Dumont. 
They have two daughters, one fifteen and the other thii-t(^en at present. 

3. Philip, Jr., born .lunc 5, 1869. He married Emelie Bishop, 
May 5, 1889. They have ouv son and three daughters: Kail Rittei-, 
thirteen years old; Aetiui, eleven; Louisa, nine; .leiinie. seven. 

4. A(hini. born .Mai'cb 2i), 1871. He married Bertha Steinmann in 
1893. They have one son Clifford, born in I8i)r). 

;"). Louisa, boi-n -lanuai'y 21. 1S74. She iiiari'ied ( '. V. Lot/., who 
was boi'u in 1S7(). 'i'hey were married l)eceiiil)er 16. ISIMi. and have 
one son and two daughters: Louisa, six years old: Chai'lotte, four 
years old, and Frederick "Wilhelm, who is two years old. 

6. Katharina, born Febi'njiry (i. LS7!». She married William 
Ockers, June 1<>. 19()L They live in St. Lonis and have one daughter 
named Ellen, Ijorn in 1902. 



130 GENEALOGY OF THE RlTTER FAMILY. 

BIOGRAPHY OF ANNA MARIE RITTER 

Oldest Daughter of Philip J. and Katharine Ritter, of Cincinnati, Ohio 

Anna IMaria Kittrr was born on her parents' farm in Butler 
County, Ohio. She received a good education at the schools at Hamil- 
ton, Ohio. 

She came with her pai-ents to Cincinnati, and liad been actively 
engaged in her father's business until the year 1900. She was married 
to INIr. Jacob Lnikart on September 16, 1898. 

When ]Mr. Philip J. Ritter, Mary's father, retired from business, 
Mary and her husband assumed the business, becoming the managers 
for the sale of the ])i-oduct of the Philip J. Ritter Conserve Company 
of Philadelphia, and ar(^ still carrying on the business at the present 
time, in which they have Iwvw very successful. 

They have no children, ^laria has been also very active in the 
work of charity in connection with the church and orphanage. 



BIOGRAPHY OF PHILIPINA RITTER-DUMONT 

Second Daughter of Philip J. and Katherine Ritter, of Cincinnati, Ohio 

Philipina Ritter was born on the farm of her parents in Butler 
County, Ohio, Februai'y 2, 186H. 

She i-eceived a good education at Hamilton and Cinciiniati. She 
lived home with her jjarcnts until Decemljei- (i, 1SS7, when she was 
married to Mi\ .Joseph Dumoiit. He was born in 18G5. They have had 
three children. Kate Duiiiont, lioni in 1889; ^largaret Dumont, born 
in 1891, and one son who died at the age of three years. 

Mv. Joseph Dumont is engaged in the grocery business in Cin- 
cinnati. He and his wife are very active and entei-pi-ising in their 
husiness, ;ui(l have been very successful. Philipina has been, and is 
yet. a gi'eat help to her hnshand in his husiness. 

She had Ix^en sickly for several years, but through a surgical 
operation has he(Mi restored to good health. 

Philipina and her husband are good hearted and are doing a great 
deal of charity. 



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GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER Px\MILY. 135 

BIOGRAPHY OF PHILIP J, RITTER, Jr, 

Oldest Son of Philip J. Ritter, of Cincinnati, Ohio 

Philip .1. Rittcf, Jr., w.is hoi'ii on liis pjirciits" fjinii, two miles 
from C'ollinsville, Butler ("(»uiit\', Ohio, on -June .">, ISIil). liis parents 
in 1877 removed to Cincinnati. 

Philip received his education at the puhlic schools in Cincinnati. 
Aftei* leavinji' school he hi^eame en(ja<ied in his t'at tier's husiness, occu- 
pying' various positions for a numhcr of years. At the pi-esent time 
he is en<iaii'ed successfully as travelinu' salesman foi- the sale of ])i'e- 
served fruits of the I'hilip J. Hitter Conserve Company of i'hila- 
delphia. 

He is neai'ly six feet tall, of a \vell-])orportioned hody, weiii'hiny 
ahout 180 pounds. He has dark lirown eyes and hair, and a full face 
of pleasing address. 

On May 5, 1889, he married Emily Bishop, of Cincinnati. They 
now have four childi'cn, followinij;' are tlieir names and a,ues : 

Ka)-1, oi' Charles Kitter, thirteen yeai-s, hoi-n ISO! ; Aetna Kitter, 
eleven years, born 1893; Louisa Ritter, nine years, horn ISI),"); Jennie 
Ritter, seven years, hoi'ii 1897. 



BIOGRAPHY OF ADAM RITTER 

Son of Philip J. Ritter, of Cincinnati, Ohio 

Adam Ritter was horn on his parents' farm near Collinsville, 
Butler County, Ohio, March 26, 1871. His parents in 1877 removed 
to Cincinnati. 

He was educated at the puhlic schools of Cincinnati, leaiiiiii<4 all 
the branches taught there. Adam studied the science of architect, and 
is still engaged in that business on his own account. He do(\s a great 
amount of architectural work, such as the l)uilding of depots and 
bridges for railroad com])anies. He has been very successful in his 
business, and he is highly appreciated for his talent and his sincere 
and dignilied \('t jdeasant manners w ith which he executes his business. 

In 1893 lie was iiiafricd to .Miss l'>ertha Steinman. of ( 'iiiciiinat i. 
They have one son, ("Mfi'ord Kitter. nine years ohl, born in 1 89r). 

Adam is about fisc feet seven inches tall, and wi'ighs about 160 
pounds. He has a full round face, dark bi-o\vn eyes, hair and mous- 
tache. He is kind-hearted and of pleasing address and manners. 



136 GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 



BIOGRAPHY OF LOUISA RITTER-LOTZ 

Fifth Child of Philip J. Ritter, of Cincinnati, Ohio 

Louisa Ritter was Un-u January 24. 1874, at the farm of her par- 
ents near ColHnsville. Ohio. One of the great incidents of her Hfe was 
the oelebrali-.n <.f Iut clirist.Mii.)-. Her father's cousin and his wife, 
l>l,ilip J. and L<.uisa hitter. ..f IM.iladelphia, stood as Oodfather and 
,;,,l,„,,,,„,,. Til.' .-(.Irl.i'ation 1(K.k place at their farm-house near Col- 
linsvillr, ( )lii... TluMv w.Mv ui.Tc than fifty people present. The celebra- 
tion after the christenino- consisted of a feast of eating and drinking, 
and of pleasant interchange of relation and friendship of those pres- 
ent, in conversation and telling of anecdotes to have good laughter. 

She received her education at the public schools at Cincinnati. 
She possessed a good intellect and talent, was a good singer, and 
mastered her lessons with ease. 

After leavin- school she assisted her mother in her household 
duties until she was n.nrned on December 16, 1896, to Mr. Charles F. 
Lotz. Smce her marriage she <-onducts her own household. They have 
three children, th.-ir names and agvs ai-e as follows: Louisa Lotz, six 
years old : Charlotte Lot/, four years old. and Fr..hM-ick Wilhelm Lotz, 

Iwo years old. 

Louisa Ritter Lot/ is of medium height and well proportioned. 
She has dark brown eyes and dark hair, and a pleasant oval face with 
a firm and happy expression. 

Charles F. Lot/ is of medium height with a well developed body. 
He has an oval face with an intelligent expression. His business is 
that of l)ook and job printing in which he has been very successful. 



GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMIT-Y. 137 



BIOGRAPHY OF KATHARINA RITTER-OCKERS 

Daughter of Philip J. Ritter, of Cincinnati, Ohio 

Katherine Rittei- whs horn in ('iiiciiinfiti. Fchnini-y H, 1871). She 
was educated at tlic public schools at Cincinnati and. like the most of 
the I\itte)'"s childi'en. was ;i ^ood seholai-, leafiiinu' all tlie hranches 
with ease. She assisted hei- mother with the household duties after 
the conchisioi] of hei- school years. 

On June 10, 1901, she married Mr. William Ockers, of St. Louis. 

Katherine Ritter Ockers is above the medium in height, and has 
a strong and well developed body somewhat inclined to be stout. She 
has a very pleasing oval face with blue eyes and medium dark hair. 
She is a good conversationalist, and has a kind word and a kind heart 
for everyone. 

William Ockers, Katherine "s husband, is about six feet in height, 
and has a well developed body. He has light hair and blue eyes, a 
fine oval face with an expression of intelligence and kindness. He has 
been professor of physical culture at the High Schools in St. Louis, Mo. 
He is at present engaged as manager of the Schoenthaler Manufactur- 
ing Company's business at St. Louis. 

They have one c'Mld, h daughter named Ellen. She is about two 
vears old. 



138 GENEALOGY OP T?IE RTTTER FAMILY. 



BIOGRAPHY OF ELIZABETH RITTER-HAMMEL 

Daugfhter of Christian Ritter, of Kircliheim an der Eck 

Eliz;il)eth Ritter wms hoi'ii Scptciiihcf 17. 1845. Slie was a 
stroiic healthy eliild. and Avas (Mlu('at(^(l at the schools of her native 
town. She was a ^j:(hh\ srholar and soon niastei-ed all the In-anehes of 
leni'iiinu' that avci'c taught at these schools. 

After leaving' school she hecjime 1he assistant of her mother in her 
honsehold diilies. Ihoi'oii^hly learninu' cookinu' and liouse!-:ee|)iiiL!,'. She 
also was a .ureal consohition 1o hei" father and mother, after all their 
other children had left them and iione 1o Amei'ica. 

Elizabeth was a tall, handsome hrnnette. She had lai-ge dark 
brown eyes and dai'k hair, and lind a ronnd oval face with rosy cheeks, 
with an expi-ession of the cheerful sonl that lived within. In disposi- 
tion she was enero'etic. (piick tem]M'red lik(^ most of the Ritter family, 
and was always i-eady with a willy answer and a ^ood hearty laugh. 
She was the life of the household, and the joy and consolation of her 
parents in their declininji' days. 

Elizaltetl) Kittei- left liei- old liome nt Kirchheim and with her 
mothei' and her heti'othed. Mi'. Ad;im Ihimmel. came to the Tnited 
States in -lannary, 1865. After a short stay at Phihidelphia. she went 
to Butler County, Ohio. In Fehi-nary she was m;ii'i-ied to Mr. Adam 
Ilammel. Tlieii- mari'ied life was a vei-y liai)py one, and they were 
blessed with leu childi'en. of whom thi'ee sons and seven daughters are 
living. 

She was a good wife, assisting hei' husband in all his undertakings, 
thus helping to make tluMn a success. She was a good mother to her 
children, sti-icl to make them obey, and kind to them to make tht^ii love 
their parents. 



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^EiSTEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. l4l 



BIOGRAPHY OF M. ADAM HAMMEL 

i\Ii'. Adam llainmel, oi' Kirehheim an der Eck, was the son of M. 
llamniel. He was born in 1846, and belonged to a family that were 
considered the most intelligent and wealthiest of Kirehheim. He was 
educated at the school in Kirehheim and was a good scholar, learning 
all the branches taught there with ease. 

After leaving school he learned the business of his ancestors, that 
of agriculture, and he learned it successfully. After the death of his 
father he and his mother managed the estate until his sweetheart was 
going to leave for the United States, and then he gave up his charge 
and came to this country with her. 

After arriving in Ohio, he and his brother-in-law entered into a 
partnership and Ixtught a farm of 18-^ acres (Adam had inherited a 
considerable amount of money from his father's estate, which enabled 
him to pay for his share). This land they cultivated together for six 
years, when Adam s(»ld his share of the farm to his brother-iu-law% 
Johann Philip Hitter. 

Adam and his i)artner had saved considerable money in the years 
of their working togethci', and after Adam sold his share he bought a 
farm of 220 acres of land near Hamilton, Ohio, which he has been 
cultivating up to the present time. He has been very successful, rais- 
ing some of the best (piality of grain — wheat, rye, barley and corn — 
produced in this countrN'; also raising fiiK^ horses, cattle, hogs and 
poult r\'. He has added by purchase about eighty acres of land to 
the above. 

He has built a line large briek-house on this farm where the family 
live in comfoi't. TIk^v also have a good many other buildings on the 
place which has nice surroundings. 

Adam is about five feet seven inches in height, and has a well-pro- 
|)oi1ioii(^d l)ody. lie is of a light complexion and has blue eyes and 
light hair. He has a fair, round, pleasant face. In disposition he is 
quite firm, self-possessed and intelligent, but does not lack for want 
of words to speak at the proper time. 



142 GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 

Elizabeth, only (laughter of Christian Ritter, of Kirchheini, mar- 
ried John Adam Ilammel, February III. 1865. They live on a farm 

near Ilainilton, Ohio. They have ten children living: 

1. Ivate, boi'n January 2S, 18(i7. She mai'ricd AVilliani ncin/.d- 

man on Frl)i'uaiy 14, 1888. They have no children. 

2. Adam, horn Kchniaiy 2, 1869. He married Mary Stumpf. They 
have four children. 

3. Alichael, l>orn January 28, 1871. He married Carrie Smith, 
February 6, 18!>8. 'i'hcy have three children. 

4. Frances, l)orn March 8, 1873. She married Chirence Thomas 
on October 9. 1901. They have one daughter, one year old. 

5. Frieda, born Septemljcr 1, 1875. She married Frederick Beis- 
wanger, July 13, 1898, and have one .son four years of age. 

6. Anna, horn December 12, 1878. She is uimiarried. 

7. Hilda, horn December 23, 1880, is unmarried. 

8. Phili])iua Carolina, Ixirn February 2, 1.S83, is uniiuirried. 

9. William Frederick, born September 9, 1886. 
10. Ida Emilia Josephina, born June 6, 1888. 



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GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 145 



The Philadelphia Branch of the Ritter Family 



JOHANNES OR JOHN RITTER 

Third Son of George Christian and Eva Ritter 
Born in Neohof, May 2, J 792 

Johannes, or Julm Ritter, third son of George Christian and Eva 
Ritter, was born May 2, 1792. He went to the .seliool at Ahh'iningvn, 
receiving there the rudiments of his education, learning with ease all 
the branches taught at that schtx)!. At the age of fourteen he was 
confirmed at the Protestant Church and his school veai's were ended. 
His education did not end then. He was gifted by natui'e with an ex- 
ceptionally good memory, and he kei)t on learning and storing know- 
ledge for future use. He was later in life well informed on many sub- 
jects. He was a good geographer, knew the location of most countries 
and places, and coidd entertain foi- houi's by telling of his worlds of 
knowledge and experience; he also possessed a jovial disposition. He 
had a great love for his blood relations and provetl it on many occasions 
during the sunny days of his career. He was five feet eight inches 
in height, light complexion, weighing about 160 pounds. In looks he 
resembled his son Philip .1. Ritter, the writer of this sketch, who has 
bei^n told many times thai he i-esembled his lather vei'y nnieh. The 
wi'iter regi'ets that he has no ])ieture of him to place alongside of his 
mothei's picture in this book. .Johainies woi'ked on his ])arents' land 
until he was drafted to the Ki'ench ai'my in 1811. 

He served as a soldier in the infantry nnd(M* Napoleon Bon- 
aparte. His regiment was (piartered at Boulogne-siii--Mer on the 
English Channel. In FebiMiar\- IS! 2, his i-egiment received orders to 
march to Russia, bnt .Johannes being sick at the time, conid not go. 
He was subsequently transferred to another regiment that marched 
thither several months later, but penetrated no I'ni't hei- t h;in 1 he boi'der 
of Russia, whei'e they received the news of Xajxtleon's defeat at IMos- 



146 GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 

(>nw, and tlicy wove ordtM'od l)aek to garrison tlie fortress of Alagdebnrg 
in (ierniaii\'. Napoleon was forced to retreat from Russia, his army 
almost annihilated, tlic regiment that Johannes had joined at Bologne 
blotted out with the rest. Nothing daunted Napoleon and he gathered 
together anotlKM' army of his reserves, and retreated as far as Leipzig 
in (iei'iiiany, where' the gi-eat battle was fought that lasted three days, 
and ended in the defeat of the French army. Napoleon retreated from 
Leipzig to beyond the River Rhine, where he halted. During all this 
time Johannes and his i-egiment were held in thraldom at Magdeburg 
l)y the allied army. ()ii .Iainiai\v 1, 1S14. the allied ai'iiiy crossed the 
river Rhine, and Napoleon and the French forces were driven back to 
France, where Xai)ol('on was taken prisoner and as such was sent to 
the Island of Ell)a. After Napoleon's defeat, the garrison of Magde- 
l)urg was relieved, and Johannes left the French army and came home 
to his people. ( )n the inarch fi'oni Russia to Magdeburg, Johannes and 
his regiment fought sev(M'al liattles with the Russian Cossacte, and in 
one of tliese the\' were suri-ounded and nearly taken prisoners. 

After leaving the army Johannes followed various pursuits. He 
went to Dreisen where he worked in a Hour mill for Mr. Valentine 
Berg. During his stay in this place he made the acquaintance of Eliza- 
beth Will, whom he married in 1818. He had saved some money and 
consequently started in business for himself. He dealt in grain, haul- 
ing it to distant cities and selling it there. This proved very lucrative. 
Later on he bought a house, bai'u and other out-buildings and some 

land. 

This, together with what land his wife had inherited from her 

parents, he cultivated and became (juite a business man, honored and 
respected l)y all who knew him. lie was also well l)eloved for his 
sociability, jovial disposition, and liberal spirit, and was elected a 
ineiiil)er of the Town Council. 

Besides dealing in gi-ain, he bi'ought back from the cities, where 
he transacted bnsiness, merchandise, coal and wood. All went well 
until the raili'oads were built, and then l)usiness became unprofitable. 
In order to make money he bought large (piantities of grain on specu- 
lation •' d lost, until, finally, becoming involved in debt, he failed. He 
then _ed with his family to America. Being unable to speak the 

Engiii uage with sufficient fluency, he concluded to go among the 



GENEALOGY OP THE RITTER FAMILY, 147 

Pennsylvania Germans, and he did soino trnding among them uiilil his 
son. Philip John, en^iaued in llic eoiit'eetioiici-y bnsiness, wherenpon 
he retired and lived with tlic latter. 

Johannes Rittei', as we have seen, was niai ricd to Elizabeth Will, 
danghter of Jacob and Elizabeth Katherine Will, ot Diciscii. "We 
all loved oui' mother as our mother loved us." Elizabeth Will was of 
light complexion, having light hair, and blue eyes, and a round face. 
She was of medium height. She was a good mother and an exemplary 
housewife, being very energetic and economical. 

Elizabeth l^itter was a great help to her husband during his early 
business career, and after ai-riving in this country she attended to her 
duties, whenever necessary, just as she had done in (Jeriiiany. She 
also rendered valuable aid to her son, Philip J. Hitter, when he started 
in the confectionery business. Her father was a distiller and farmer, 
and possessed sufficient land to make his family very comfortable. 

Johannes and Elizabeth Ritter had thirteen children all born in 
Dreisen. Only five lived to manhood, the others died in infancy. Those 
are : 

George John, born in 1820. 

Johannes, born April 26, 1826. 

Philip John, born October 19, 1832. 

Katharina, born in 18:54. 

Christian, born April 4, 1844. 

The oldest, George John, stayed at Dreisen and died there in 1863 ; 

the rest of his family all came to America and settled in Philadelphia 
in the year 1886. 



148 GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY, 

GEORGE JOHN RITTER 

Oldest Son of Johannes and Elizabeth Rittet 

George .Idliii. the oldest son of Johannes and Elizabeth Ritter, 
niarrit'd Katharine Hauhcil. of Beidesheini, Rheinpfalz, Germany. 
They lived in Dreisen and had thi-(^e children. Tlicii- lousiness was 
agriculture. The children are as follows : 

Susanna, born July 27, 184(i, at Dreisen, niai-ried George Trippels. 

Philip George, born in 1848, and is unmarried, lie was for many 
years engaged in the fruit i)reserving business with his uncle, Philip 
J. Kitter. 

Elizabeth, Ijorn in 1851, unniai-ried. Was employed at the fruit 
preserving business of her uncle, Philip J. Ritter. Philip and Eliza- 
])eth liv(- in Philadelphia, Pa. 

Susanna was married to George Trippel, January 10, 1869, at 
Philadelphia, lie was born June 24, 1846 at Sickenholen, Grand 
Duchy of Hessen-Darmstadt. Susanna nu(\ her husband live on a farm 
near Cabool, ]\li.ssouri. They have three children. 

Cecelie, born April 2, 1870, at Philadelphia. 

Elizabeth, born January 22, 1872, died Jaiuiary 80, 1873. 

Anna, horn April 22, 1874. 

Louisa, born February 7, 1884, at Ilarbine, Jeft'erson County, Neb. 
Unmarried. 

Cecelia, oldest daughter of George and Susanna Trippel, was 
married October 20, 1889, to Air. Frederick William Ki]>i». He was 
born September 22, 1865, at Boeringhausen, Westphalia. They have 
four children and live at Dewitt. Xehi'aska. The first three children 
were born at Cabool, Texas County, Missouri: 

George, horn May 26, 1891. 

Frederick Wilhelm, born Octolx'i- 2:1, 1893. 

Anna Susanna, horn August 1, 1S95. 

Adolph Fredei-ieh, h<»i-n August l(i, 1898. 

Ainia I'rippel, second daughtci' of (ieorge and Susanna 'i'i'ii)pel, 
married Wilhelm Dai'nau(M', February 22, 1898. lie wa.s horn July 6, 
1873, at Preussisch Minih'U, Westphalia, Gerinany. They have three 
children, all horn at (/abool. Mo. One died in infancy. The living are: 

Herman, horn December 13, 1898. 

Frederich George, born Febi'uary 8, 1901. 




JOHN RITTER, of Philadelphia. 



GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 151 

JOHANNES OR JOHN RITTER 

Second Son of Johannes and Elizabeth Rittcr 

Johannes, second son of Johannes and Elizabeth Ritter, was born 
at Dreisen, April 26. 1826. He received his education at the school at 
Dreisen. and was a good scholar. He married twice, the first time 
Louisa Rohlfink, of Hanover, Germany. They lived in Philadelphia, 
and had six children. 

Johannes, or John, Eitter followed various pursuits, and in the 
latter part of his life was manager for ten years of the branch-house 
of liis bi'othei-, Philip J. Ritter, in Baltimore, for the sale of preserved 
fruits, and was successful. 

He married a second time IMary Orth. They had no children. 
They came to Philadelphia and started a retail grocery business, and 
his widow still carries on the same biLsiness. He died July 1, 1896. 
His first wife died in 1883. 

1. IMary, born February 27, 1849, and married Charles Freund. 
They had no children. Charles Freund died in June, 1904. 

2. John, horn September 15, 1852. He married twice. The first 
time Bessie Fuller, of Decator, 111. They have one son who is now 
about twenty-one years old. The second time he married Ella Blay- 
lock. They have two children. 

3. Jjouisa, born June 20, 1857. She was married three times ; first, 
to Albert Marshall ; second, to E. Baugher and, thirdly, to A. Good- 
man. She is living in Philadelphia, and has no children. 

4. Emma, born June 18, 1859. She did not marry and died May 
10, 1885. 

5. George B., born July 1, 1861, and married Fanny Warner, of 
New York. She was born March 8, 1866. They live in New York City 
and have no children. George B. Ritter is the manager of the branch- 
house of the P. J. Ritter Conserve Company in New York City, and 
has been since 1882. 

6. Christian is married and lives in Jersey City. He was 
born June 1, 1867, and married Agnes Dwyer, born December 7, 1876. 
They have one son. Christian Henry RittiM-, born November 16, 1895. 
Christian has been outside salesman for his brother George and his 
uncle P. J. Ritter. 



152 GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 



BIOGRAPHY OF GEORGE B. RITTER 

(jieorge B. Rittei- a\;is horn at Doylcstowii, Pa. llr was educated 
ill the imhiic schools. When he was t'oiirleeii yeais ohl he eanie to 
work ill his uncle's, P. J. Ritter preserve works, and worked there for I 

two years. 

At the advice of his uncle he learned the confectionery, cake halv- 
ing and ice cream hnsiness. After he had thoroughly mastered his 
trade he went to ('oiiiniereial ( 'oHege and learned bookkeeping. After 
he had learned that business he became bookkeeper in the branch- 
house of his uncle, V. J. Ritt(M\ in New York, under Andrew Schaefer, 
who was iiiaiiagcr. After two years Mr. A. 8chaefer gave up the man- 
agement and (Jeorge P. liitter became nianagin- in 1882 or 1883. He 
devoted all liis knowledge and energy to the business, and made it a 
success, lie has lieen saving and accuiiiuhited considerable wa^alth. 
He is still manager of the l)usiness. 

George P. liitter is tall and stout, lie has a good conception and 
clear underslandiiig of things, lie is of phrasing, jovial disposition 
and therefore well liked by those who know him and have dealings 
with him. 






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GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 15^ 



AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF PHILIP J. RITTER 

Third Son of John and Elizabeth Ritter, 
Born October J 9, 1832, at Dreisen. 

To the reader of this book I will s;)\' tliat tlie writer's history of 
himself and his doings duriiig- his lifetime are not given here as a mat- 
ter of vanity or egotism or pride. No! The writer's pi-ide is in his 
straightforward, honest dealings with his fellow men during all his 
life time. 

His active business career covers fifty-eight years of time counting 
from his fourteenth year. Seven and one-half years he was learning 
and working at various pursuits. At twenty-one and a half years of 
age he started in business on his own account. If the reader will think 
and reflect a few minutes, he will see how many different things and 
changes a person can meet with in such a long and active business 
career, and in a business that has been extended to almost all parts of 
the world. Wherever known the name of Philip J. Ritter stands 
favorably in the minds of men as that of a man of fair dealing and 
superior quality of his goods. 

My reason f'oi' writing my life's doings ami business career is 
that 1 would like to impi-ess on the mind of the reader to sho\v him 
what a person can accomi)lish if she oi' he has a cleai' conception of 
what they want t(» attain in life. A will [)o\vei', an hon(^st purpose, 
and a i)erservance will niaki^ a success of the entei'i)rise they have ini- 
dertaken. ^lan can attain great objects in a short time if he has the 
enei'gy and a free will, such as the writer possessed as a gift of nature 
over which he had no control. 

Philip Johann Kittei-, third son of Johaiuies or John and Eliza- 
beth flitter, of Dreiseii. was horn October li), \S'.V2. He was a strong 
and healthy ixiy. and at the age of four years he ^dl•ea(ly possessed a 
strong and fearless will power. This ht^ retained all tlirou<:h life. At 
the age of six yi-ars lie was sent to the school at Dreiseii, learning 
only the first elements the two first years. At eight he evinced a great 



158 GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 

interest in all that was being- clone and tanulit in this school, and be- 
came actually hnnyry foi' knowledge. At the auc of ten years he had 
learned all that could be learned at this scliool. 'Phis knowledge was 
stored away in his memory for future use. From the tenth to the 
fourteenth year, he assisted teaching school, especially the younger or 
new class, but still retained his seat as the first scholar of the highest 
class in the school. He was envied 1\^' many of the scholars older than 
hiuLself on account of his age, that they should lie beneath him in learn- 
ing. He did not stop learning when he left school, on the contrary he 
kept on gathering- knowdedge and it has become second nature with him 
all through life, for he is studying and learning yet. He learned the 
English language without a teacher. For several years he wrote his 
own correspondence and did his own booklceeping, also going thi-ough 
the practical part of education by doing a large manufacturing and 
connnercial business through the length and l)readth of this country. 
He exported some of the goods to Euro])ean countries successfully, 
and without any setback by heavy financial lo.sses. To accomplish this 
required an energetic, continuous, restless, conservative spirit that was 
active eighteen hours out of twentv hours. 

Philip J. Hitter at the age of twenty years read some of the Eng- 
lish writer, Pojie's woi-ks. In it it staled Ihat the "proper study of 
mankind is man." Taking Pope's advice he studied anatomy and 
physiology, and the workings of the organs in the human body. 
Pathology and therapeutics and medicine has been a favorite study 
with him, and proved a great help to him and his family and relations. 
The advantage thus possessed hel])ed 1h<' I'amilN' many times, by the 
diagnosis of the case and (piick use and application of suitable remedies, 
in relieving them from severe ])ains and long s|)ells of sickness and 
some fi'om an early grave. 

He is well ac(|uainted with the ruling elements of chemistry and 
their uses, fai- Ix^ter than the ordinary layman, lie j)Ossesses a num- 
ber of the leading books on this sul).iect and uses them for reference. 

As an observer, his faculties for remembering most all plants and 
animals and knowing them on sight has been a pleasure to him. To go 
into the field and forest and call nearly all trees, shrubs, plants and 
even weeds by name and know their use and theii- nature; and also the 
family of plants they belong- to, according to the arrangement of 



OENEALOGY of the RiTTER pamiLy. 159 

plants by Linne, the great Swedish Botanist and Natural Philosopher ; 
on seeing these trees and plants it is like meeting old friends and tell- 
ing them: "I am glad to see you look so well." These pleasures few 
mortals enjoy. He is not a stingy person, and he cheerfully will give 
some of the enjoyment to others free of eharge by telling what he met 
with and enjoyed. Tie is also familiar with rock formations of the 
earth. He knows the names of most rocks, and during his travels has 
had the chance of comparing conglomerate rocks found on the Rocky 
^Mountains at an elevation of 11,000 feet, and also those on a very high 
altitude in the Alps in Switzerland. Conglomerate rock is composed 
of rounded stone of all sizes and of all sizes of gravel and sand baked 
or hardened together in a solid mass. The presence of this con- 
glomerate rock at such high altitude is an evidence that this earth 
some time during its existence has been covered with ice and water to 
round the stones that compose this rock into their present shape. 
That is the belief of most geologists. 

Philip J. Ritter is about five feet eight inches in height, and has 
a well-proportioned body, weighing at present about 180 pounds. Dur- 
ing the years from 121 to 35 he weighed about 150 pounds. He has a 
full oval face and is of light complexion. He has light blue, grayish 
eyes, light hair and brown moustache and whiskers now turned gray. 
The expression of his face is of the sincere, straightforward kind, car- 
rying a strong and pi'onounced expression of conviction with it. Soci- 
ally his face is of a cheerful and jovial expresssion with a kind word 
and a smile for his fellow-men. 

Socially the subject of this sketch was one of the fortunate ones 
of th(^ human family, being an optimist, or one who believes that all 
the happenings in this woi'ld are for the best, or he sees the sunny 
side of most things while some other fVllow sees only the dark side. 

Aftei" that time had passed in his life when he did not have to 
trouble any more about "the rainy day," he and his family enjoyed 
some pleasure among their many friends and gatherings at their own 
home. Among the many social events was the frequent gathering of a 
club called the Jolly Fifteen. This club was composed of men over 40 
years old. and who had known each other some years. Philip J. Ritter 
was president. Their gatherings were enlivened by discussions of the 
happenings of the day and with humorous, ironical, sarcastic speeches, 



160 GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 

and by refreshments, and the enjoyment was of the real hearty kind. 
Card-playing and the talking of politics and bnsiness were not touched 
or spoke of. At many of the meetings the wives joined in the sociabil- 
ity. The subject of this sketch coiiti-ibiited a gi'eat share of the pleas- 
ure enjoyed. This socid y hisl cd .-ihoiit fifteen years, from 1880 to 1895. 
Philip J. Hitter socially \v;is. or is, well know ii in tlie city \e lives 
in as a broad-miiKh^l mid liberal citizen who has heipea to make the 
city famous for its v;ii'ioHs iii;iiiiif;ictories, by extending his business 
to ail ]>arts of the Union and thereby the name of Philadelphia. He is 
also well known for the interest he h;is taken in the welfare of the city 
and its best interests. 



GENEALOGY OP THE RITTER PAMlt-Y. 163 

BIOGRAPHY OF 
LOUISA GEGENHEIMER-RITTER 

Louisa Gegenheiiner Ritter, wife of Philip J. Hitter, was bom at 
Philadelphia, April 14, 1839. She is the daughter of Mr. Joluinii, or 
John, and Justina ( Jegenheinier, nee Iloehwald, of Philadelphia. 

The parents of the subject of this sketch came to the United States 
in 1830. ]Mr. John ^Michael Gegenheinier was born at Ittersbach, Grand 
Duchy of Baden, Germany, in 1804. Justina Gegenheimer, nee Iloeh- 
wald, was born at Knittlingen, a town of about 2000 inhabitants in the 
Kingdom of Wuerttemberg. Her father, J. Hochwald (the transla- 
tion of his name is llighforest) , was a well-to-do fai-iiKM-. Philip J. 
Ritter i\ud his wife, in 1886, visited the house where her mother was 
born. The house was in very good preserved condition, and it bore 
the date of its erection and the name Hochwald. 

John (Jegenheinier and his wife crossed the Atlantic Ocean in a 
Dutch sailing vessel in 120 days, and many times had poor hopes of 
ever seeing land again. Their daughter, Louisa, and her family crossed 
the ocean on a Cunai'd Line steamer in 1886 and 1889 in six and one- 
half and seven days. This was 56 or 59 yeai's later. Yet this lon^^' 
trip of Father and IMother Gegenheimer did not injure them. They 
had a dozen children and lived to be ovei' 80 years old. 

Louisa Gegenheimer Ritter received her education at the public 
schools of Philadelphia. She was a very obedient and good scholar, 
soon mastering the different branches of h^arning. At the age of 
fourteen she went to live with a friend of the family, and stayed there 
two years. The lady was very good to show Louisa all the rudiments 
of housekeeping suitable to a girl of her age. At sixteen she became 
a saleslady in a confectionery store. At the age of nineteen she was 
mai-ri.'d to Philip J. Piitter (December 22, 1858). They have cel- 
('l)i'ated their forty-sixth anniversar.y of theii- marriage. The mari-iage 
is a happy one, and they have four children : 

George W. Ritter, born Alarch 9, 1860. 

Philip J. Ritter, born November 14, 1861. 

Charles F. Ritter, born April 13, 1866. 

William H. Ritter, born February 17, 1869. 



164 GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 

At the time of lier inai'ria<ie she was well proportioned, and a little 
above the average girl's height, with an oval rounded face and red 
cheeks. She had dark brown hair and eyes and niight have been called 
of the brun(4t(' type. She luis ;i mild nnd phnising expression in her 
eyes and face, and a dis])osition of character to match the expression, 
which gives evidence of the good jind ti'iie sonl that dwells within her 
I II )( ly. 

Ijonis;i is a uood wife to liei- hus1);iiid and a Iciiid niotliei" to her 
cliildi'en. She look' ;dmos1 entire eliarge of Ihe retail business of hei' 
husl)and. and with nntirinu' enei'gy, ])leasaiit and affable nuinners. and 
close jittention helped to mak'e the business a success. Reing possessed 
of g(»od judgment in the manau'emeiit of the business mad(^ it possi])le 
for her husband to give closer attention to the mainifact uring of the 
goods she was selling, and also his wholesale bi'anch of the l)usiness. 

Her health during life was fairly good dui'ing the first twenty- 
live years of hei- married life. She was subject to dyspeptic conditions, 
and often had to suffer sevei'ely until hei- husband found the })roj)er 
remedies that gave her instant ndief. During middle life she enjoyed 
good licrdth and became (piite stout, weighing at one time 174 pounds. 
At the ])resent time at th(^ age of (55 yeai's she still weighs over 150 
pounds. Her lu'alth has not been good the last two years, caiLsed 
mostly by a toi'pid liver and kidney. 



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GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 167 



BUSINESS CAREER OF PHILIP J, RITTER 

Philip J. Ritter's business career counts from April, 1854, when 
he established himself in the wholesale and retail ice cream business. 
He did very well in this business for a year, and in the Spring' of 1855 
rented the property at 610 Race street and established, in addition to 
his ice cream business, a confectionery and bakery. He was working 
hard, but was only partially successful. The depressed business con- 
dition of the country and a cool summer were factors uncontrollable. 
The depression lasted several years and during these years Philip J. 
Ritter kept working hard and living economically with a knowledge 
that perseverance would bring success. He also added catering to the 
business, furnishing suppers for large numbers of people at balls and 
banquets and at various celebrations. In 1857 and 1858 he preserved 
and crystallized several tons of fruit, which he sold in the confection- 
ery trade. 

In September 1861 he went to Washington, D. C, and rented a 
bakery and established a wholesale cake and pie bakery, and sold most 
of his product to the storekeepers attached to the regiments of soldiers 
stationed within ten miles of Washington to protect the city against 
the Southern Rebels. This Imsiness was profitable only for about two 
years. At this juncture of the business Philip went back to Philadel- 
phia, and resumed the management of his business that had been car- 
ried on in his absence by his wife and parents, assisted by his brother 
Christian. Conditions had changed during his absence. There was 
probably twenty thousand invalid soldiers encamped on the outskirts 
of the city. Thei'e wei-e two camps or hospitals with over five thousand 
invalid soldiers in each of them. Each camp had a store attache<5 
where the soldiers could buy such articles as they needed. These stores 
he supplied with cakes, pic, and ic(^ cream that the United States Gov- 
ernment did not supjdy them with. By an act of the United States 
Government by Congress, a large quantity of paper niDiiey was printed, 
and the soldiers received their pay for their service promptly. Having 
suffered many privations while in the campaign, many soldiers would 
indulge in this luxury obtainable there. The biu^iness lasted about 



168 GENEALOGY OF THE RTTTER FAMILY. 

three yeai's. and diifiim' lliis jxTiod the sul).j('et of tliis sketch hy hard 
work saved enough from liis |)rolits to lay tlie foiuuhition of his future 
business career satisfactorily. 

TTnsatisfactory l)usiiiess cotidilions a^ain pi'evailed in LS()7. lie 
sold Ins business, lie niad(' a toui" to the Western States to look around 
for business opportunities. Not tindinii' anythin^i' suitable to liis ideas 
and tastes, he came back, in December, 18H7, to Phihuh^lpliia. 

During' the wintei' of lS6cS there was not much diance to do any- 
thino'. Ill tile s])i'inu- he stai'ttnl out lookin-^' ovcf all parts of Philadel- 
phia for a suitable business location. Finally he found tlu^ pi'operty 
that pi-oved his success and pleasure. The ])r()])erty is located at 2211- 
18-10-17 Fi-ank'ford avenue. Ilei-e is whei-e he established liimself in 
his foi-niei- business, con feci iouery, cake bakiuu' and ice ci'cam makiu"'. 
lie also added the manuracture of candi(\s. and fitted up the large 
house with a beautiful sloi'e adjoiiiiim and pai-allel with an elegant ice 
cream pai-lor. there Ixung none to comjtai'e with it in that pai't of the 
city. IMaiHiracI urinii only 1lie best of evei'ythinu aiul selling at a rea- 
sonable price made Hie eii1er|)rise a success from 1 lu^ beginning. He 
did a, lai'ge retail business a1 the store ;ind a wholesale business to other 
stoi'es in thai ])ai't of riiiladelphia. 

In the fall oC 1S()!) he stai'ted the [»reserved fruil business. At first 
he made a|)ple butler oidy. and later other fruit preserves. The first 
two yeai's he sold his goods in Xew Voi'k City only. 

In 1870 Philip d. iJittei- built, at 2211 and 221:! Fi-ankford avenue, 
two nice large stoi-es and a hall i-oom over the stores and rented the 
property. The building cost i|;4()0(), and rented for .^DOO a year-. 

In 1871 the preserved fruit business was extended to other cities 
l)y sending out men to sell the goods. 

In 1875 the preserved fi-uit business had increased to such dimen- 
sions that the carrying of the two businesses became bui'densome. In 
November 187"), the confectionery and ice cream business was discon- 
tinued, and the ])reserved fi-uit business extended by building a factory 
in the I'car of tlie Frankfoi-d avcnnie property. Philij) J. Ritter's idea 
was to have a business that could be extended all over the United 
States. This he accomplished in a few years. In 1880, Ritter's pre- 
serves could be found on sale in most all cities from New York to San 
Francisco, and from i\<'\v ()rleans 1o IMirniesota, and this expansion of 



GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FxVMILY. 169 

business was done at a time when the most disastrous business depres- 
sion existed all over the Ignited States from 187:5 to 1880. The money 
in circulation was a product of the hite war and consisted of paper 
notes, called fractional cui-rency, and copper cents. The notes were the 
five, ten. tiftecii. 1 W('ii1_\-tive and fifty cents, and the I'nited States 
greenback notes from one dolhir upwards, and the national banknotes. 
The first day of -lanuary 1880, the United States resumed specie pay- 
ment. This caused all business to I'evive. 

In 1880 the pi-eserved fruit luisiness l)ecame so active that the 
capacity of the t^stablishment became too small and a larger factory 
had to be l)uill. This was done in 1881 and again enlarged in 1882 and 
188.S. 'I'he demand Tor his prescM-ves was so great that his working 
people had to woi-k night and day to su[)|)ly the demand. The cause 
of this was that all other k'inds of Inisiness liad revived thi'oughout the 
I'nited States and the pi-eserves and apple l)utter was sold at a price 
low enough that all classes of people could buy them. 

In 1882 riiilit) .1. IJittei- eonviM'ted his business into a stock com- 
pany, calling it the riiilip -1. Kitter CousiM-ve Company. The company 
has a capital of .j^KlO.OOO ;ind a sui-plns of .*|i25,000. Associated with 
him in this eom|)any wei'e his In-otiier ('hristian Ivittei-. his .son George 
W. Ritt(M-. Louisa Ivitter. Ids wife, .Mr. W. F. Ilofman. .Mi-. Francis J. 
Dillman and .Mi', -lolin (Tegenheimer. his brot lier-indaw. Thilip •!. 
Ritter was made i)resident, Christian Kitter. vice-president, Francis J. 
Dillman, treasurer, and F. AV. Hofman, secretary. The idea occurred 
to Philip J. Ritter that the business was becoming so large that in case 
of his death his wife and minor children could not continue the business 
and would cause them great trouble and loss. The thought and c(m- 
sunnnation of taking into the company men who had been very faith- 
ful workers in their separate positions they held, jiroved a very happy 
and congenial aggregation of minds, all working in harmony for the 
best interests of the business and still doing the same to the present 
time. 

In 188:5 Philip -1. Ivitter made his first trip to California, and 
bought several carloads of a])ricots and cherries in airtight cans. This 
also proved a good v<Miture. The years until 18!)0 were all pros[)erous. 

In 18!)0 he started in .Ma_\' to ( 'alil'ornia to engage larger <iuantities 
of fruits. In 181)0 the jruit crop in the stales east of the Rocky Moun- 



170 GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 

tains proved a total failure, and nearly all the supplies for his business 
had to be shipped east from California. 

The year 1890 proved to l)e the haiiiu'r year of the business. The 
demand for goods was so gfeat that it was almost impossible to fill the 
orders that were received. 1891-92-93 were also good business years. 

In 1891, Philip J. Ritter, in connection with Mr. Robert Hickmott, 
of Haywards, California, started a cannery at Oakland, California, for 
the purpose of canning and presei'ving fine fruits. In this they suc- 
ceiMled admirably. 'I'ticii- t'niits soon liad a reputation for superior 
((nality and fineness of flavor whci'c'ver they had Ixmmi sohl. In 1891 
lie hnilt a large warehouse on a large lot he had l)ought adjoining the 
cannery. In 1892 ^Ir. Ilick-mott put u}) fruit as usual in other years, 
also th)"ec thousand cases of asparagus. In August of this year Mr. 
Hickmott came near being killed by being struck by a street car in San 
Fi'ancisco. 11(^ lay unconscious foi' ten days. Philip J. Ritter and his 
son William Henry were called l)y telegraph to come and look after 
tlicii' interest at the cannery at California. They prepared themselves 
;iii(l went and took charge of the business, and stayed until nearly all 
the goods were shipped and the business for the year closed. On the 
fifteenth of Dccendjci- Philip and his son started for home. In 1893 he 
i-ctired from liis partnership with Mr. Hickmott, hut still continued 
to get his supply of Califoi-nia fi-uit fi'om Hickmott. 

In the year 1893 was held 1lic Colnmbiiin Exposition at Chicago. 
i*liili|) .1. IJiltt-r went to Chicago in April to put up the exhibit of the 
Phili]) .(. Iiitter Conserve Company, and remained until June when he 
came casl to look after his vai'ious interests. He went back to Chicago 
in July takirij: h^s family with him, and stayed until November when 
the exhibition closed. 

A general business dcjiression throughout the United States took 
place in 1893 and lasted foi- several years. Business of all kinds suf- 
f(M'ed fi'oni it, and the preserved fruit business with the rest became 
ini|)ro(i1ahle. The (le|)i'ession in husiness continued for several years 
until 18!)8 when a lni-n for the hettei- took i)lace. In 1894 Philip J. Rit- 
tei- was induced to etitei- a new stock company with a capital of $100,000 
to mannfaeture ice. W J. IJittei' was elected [ji'esident of the company 
and Ml-. F. W. Hofman, seci'ctary of the P. J. Ritter Conserve Com- 
pany, was elected treasurer. This enterprise proved a success, the com- 




Residence and Stores of Philip J. Ritter, Frankford Ave. and Dauphin St., Philadelphia. 



GENEALOGY OF THE KITTKR FAMILY. 173 

pany having earned and paid good dividends on its stock since the 
second vear of its existence. 

The years from 189-t to 1904 liave been nneventful in the }>re- 
served frnit bnsiness so far as \\ -]. I\it1er is concerned. The inner 
business is still as it has been for many years in the hands o.*^ J\Ir. 
Christian Kittei'. lie and his son (Uiarles siipei-intend tlie mannfactnr'- 
ing'. ]\li'. F. AV. llofman manages the selling (lei)artmenl and eoi'i'e- 
spondenee and gcnci'al niajiagcmcnt of the business. Mr. K. .J. Dillman 
managed tlie Itnying of fruit and attended to the finance of the business 
until h<^ died in 1902. Since then "Slv. W. II. Hitter, who had the man- 
ufacturing of tin canes in his charg(\ has. in addition, assumed ]\lr. 
Dillman 's position with a statf of ukmi in the business. Philip J. Hitter 
has been able to I'chLX his part of the business <nid live in a semi-retired 
condition. This w;is nec(^ssary on account of his debilitated condition 
from ill health. The last two yeai's his health has been better. 

As an employer lu' was well liked by his em[)loyees. The preserved 
fruit business having grown into a. large and prosperous one, and em- 
ploying several hundred persons, it is natural to get all kinds of hel]). 
Hy care he has selected very nuiny employees who work for the best 
interests of the business; and, having an appreciative employer, they 
hold their |)()sitions as long as they wish. (Jood sympathetic fec^ling 
exists in the works between employe*' mid eiii[)loyei', a number of em- 
ployees wi'aring a gold medal of honoi' |)i'esented to Ihem i'oi' twenty- 
five years of faithful service in the business, and there ai'c (|uitc a 
ninnber more who will also soon receive the gold medal, and many 
more who have worked fi-om five to twenty yeai's. A sti'ikc or genci-al 
dissatisfaction never took |»lace. Picnics and otiu'r enteilainmeiits, 
where employer and employee ai'e happy together, ai'c frequently given. 



174 



GENEALOGY OF THE RlTTER FAMILY. 



CHILDREN OF PHILIP ]. RITTER, PHILADELPHIA 



BIOGRAPHY OF GEORGE W, RITTER 

First Child and Son of Philip J. and Louisa Ritter, of Philadelphia 

George Wasliiiigton Rittcr was hoiii Mai-cli IS. lS(i(). a1 IMiiladcl- 
pliia. lie was a dt'licate child tlie first ten years of his life, IxMiig 
afflicted with ad the diseases thai cliihli'cii arc siihjccjcd 1o. Through 
the great eai'c of his parents and good doctors he sni'vivcd Iheiii all. 

He received a good education at the private "Real'" school, and 
after leaving school was engaged in his fathei'"s business, Hlling vai-ious 
])ositions. Finally he became the cashier of the business. 

George was rather small in height until he was s(n'(^nteen years 
of ag(\ when he started to grow iiioi'e i-api<lly. At the age of twenty- 
one he was about iiv(^ feet nine inches in height. 

Aftei- his twenty-first yeai- he showed sij^ns of debilily, which the 
doctor jironounced exhau.stion. He had e.\hausted his streiiglh 1o make 
the growth ot his body. lie lingered in this condition for about six 
months, when he had an attack of intianiniat ion of the bowels, l^h'oni 
this disease he died in duly, 1S82. 

George was a good, (piiet, obedient l)oy, kind heaited and |)leasant 
with everyone, and through his affable and obliging;- niannei-s had 
gaine(| many friends, who \-r]'y much iiiouiiieil his early demise, 'idie 
|)arcnts and grandparents' gi-ief and ani;iiisli were gieat ajid intk^- 
seribable. 




Philip J. Ritter's Family Group and Garden. 



GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 177 



BIOGRAPHY OF PHILIP J. RITTER 

Second Child and Son of Philip ), and Louisa Ritter, of Philadelphia 

Philip John Ritter was horn ;it I'hiladolphia, Novoniher 14, ISGl. 
He was a very healtliy and briulit boy, j)assing successfully through 
the infectious diseases that childhood is subject to. 

He went to school and was an excellent scholar. He possessed a 
phenomenally good memory, and was beloved by all that knew him. 

On February 5, 1869, he was taken suddenly ill growing worse 
everv hour. Notwithstanding everv etfort made bv the doctor and 
the parents, he died in thirty-six hours after he first began to show- 
symptoms of being sick. Scarlet fever of a very malignant kind was 
epidemic in Philadelphia at that time, and that is what the doctor 
pronounced it. This was the severest shock his ])ai'ents had ever ex- 
perienced in life, and it took them a long time to I'econcile themselves 
to this loss. The feeling of grief became intensitled when, three months 
later, Charles Gegenheimer, ]Mrs. Ritter 's brothei", was taken sick with 
typhoid fever, and after an illness of less than one week died. He had 
been living with his sister and l)rother-in-law. Philip liitter, since lie 
was twelve years old, and was like their own child. This death coming 
so suddejily after the death of their beloved child was a great shock to 
the parents and grandparents, and lliey boi-e it in deep silence. Life 
had no more joys for them. 




PHILIP J. RITTER, second child of Philip J. and Louisa Bitter 

of Philadelphia. 




GEORGE W. RITTER, oldest son of Philip and Louisa Ritter, of Philadelphia. 



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GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 183 

BIOGRAPHY OF CHARLES F. RITTER 

Third Child and Son of Philip J. and Louisa Ritter, Philadelphia 

Charles Franklin Eitter was born in Philadelphia on April 13, 
1866. He was a healthy child, and passed snecessfnlly through the 
infectious diseases subject to childhood. 

He studied at private school and at college, and was a good at- 
tentive scholar with a fair memory. After leaving his studies he 
learned the father's business, practically Avorking at the factory mak- 
ing preserves and jelly. Later he was engaged in various positions 
in the office. 

In June, 1889, he married Louisa J. Jooss, of New York, and 
made a w^edding trip to Europe with his bride. 

Charles F. and Louisa Ritter had one child named Philip John 
Hitter, born in 1891. He was not a strong child, but of a very bright 
mind. He lived to be eight years old and died in April, 1899. 

Charles F. Ritter, like his brother William, saw a great deal of this 
world, having traveled Avith his parents over all those routes and tours 
described in the biography of William H. Ritter. 

He w^as nearly six feet tall and well proportioned, weighing 180 
pounds. He had dark brown eyes and dark brown hair and moustache. 
His pleasing countenance, obliging manners and kind heartedness gave 
him many friends. He was an active member of the ' ' Junger Manner- 
chor" Singing Society. 

He was taken suddenly ill in Jime, 1894, suffering intense pain in 
the abdomen. Upon examination it proved to be appendicitis. A surgi- 
cal operation was performed and the appendix removed, but he lived 
only five days after this was done. His sudden death at the home of his 
parents was a great shock to them and hi ad it grieved them 

very much that he should have to die so a^o nd after such short 

illness. Charles was only 28 years old and left a wife and little son 
only 3 years old. 

Louisa Jooss Ritter, wife of Charles F. Ritter, was born in New 
York City. She Avas a second cousin to her husband. She was nearly 
as tall as her husband, is of light complexion, has a cheerful bright 
oval face with large blue eyes, and considered a handsome woman. She 
was well accomplished in artwork and music. 



184 GENEALOGY OP THE RITTER FAMILY. 



BIOGRAPHY OF WILLIAM HENRY RITTER 

AVillimii Henry Hittei- canic to this world ten days after the death 
of his l)rothei', Pliiliji John Hitter, llis pai'ents had not fully recov- 
eivd from the severe shoe]\ of the sudden death of tlieii- beh>ved son 
Philip, and the hirtli of William was a consolation that helped to 
ameliorate theii" loss, which they had boi'iie in silent iirief. also was his 
hii'th a silent joy to which no expression could be given. 

William was a healthy robust child and pa.ssed successfully 
through all the infectious diseases of childhood. He was a good scholar, 
and mastered all the different branches with ease. He graduated fi-om 
Eastl)Ui'n College, then entered into the business of his father, first 
learning the details and afterwards managing some of the departments. 

William Henry is now thirty-five years old. and is five feet, seven 
inches in heighth. He is broad shouldei'ed, has a deep chest, well 
proportioned body, weighing about 185 pounds, high forehead, oval 
full featured face, and dark ])rown eyes, hair and moustache. He has 
a cheerful countenance Avitli an expression of courage and sincerity, yet 
mild and amiejible and of a joyful disposition that knows <i kind word 
for everyone. He has a clear c()m[)lexion and above all other (jualities 
is po.ssessed of good connnon sense and judgment. He is a devoted hus- 
band and father and a good lovable son to his aged ])arents. He is a 
Cavorite companion among his associates, always being I'eady to enter- 
tain them with some comic story. 

William H. Kitter was married -lune '20, IbDtS, to Miss Selma 
Holly, daughter of Charles Frederick and Theresa Holly, of Philadel- 
[)hia. They went on their wedding toui-, stopping at Niagara Falls, 
en route to C'hicago, Iowa, Omaha and California, sto]>{iiug at diicago 
and Iowa a])out one wook in each place, when they were called home 
by telegraph on account of the sei'ious illness of Mi*. Philip .1. Kitter, 
his fathei-. 

William H. Rittei- and wife went to housekeeping and have lived 
hai)pily together since'. William is a very kind-hearted husband and 
father; he is also a kind son to his parents in their declining years, as 
lie liM.s always l)eeii, and being ol' a bright, cheerful disposition, he 
makes all those arouud him happy. 



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WILLIAM RITTER, five years old, son of William H. Ritter, of Philadelphia. 



GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 189 



BIOGRAPHY OF SELMA HOLLY RITTER 

Selma Holly Ritter, wife of William Henry Kitter, was born at 
Philadelphia, June 19, 1873. She was the oldest living daughter of 
]\Ir. Charles Frederick and Theresa Holly. Her father, Mr. Holly, was 
born at Fachbach, near Ems, Province Nassau, and her mother, 
Theresa Holly nee Lambrich, was born at Oberlahnstein on the Rhine. 
]\Ir. Charles F. Holly and his wife came to Philadelphia in the year 
1866. Selma Holly liitlcr received her education in the public and 
convent schools. She was a good scholar, mastering all branches with 
ease, including the German language. She was confirmed in the Ger- 
man Catholic Church. After leaving school she learned to do fine 
needle work and millinery. She also learned all branches of household 
duties with her mother and became a good and efficient assistant to her 
mother, especially during the years of sickness of her father, and a 
good kind nurse to her father. Selma Holly Hittei- before marriage 
was of slender build, about five feet high, of light complexion, light 
hair and blue eyes, with an oval rounded face, with pleasing cheerful 
expression of countenance. After a few years of marriage she became 
quite stout. William Henry Ritter and Selma Holly Ritter's married 
life was a happy one. They have two children born to them. 

1. William 11. Ritter was boi-n August 31, 1899. 

2. Theresa Louisa was born October 26, 190-1. 

William Henry Ritter's Business Career 
William Henry Ritter was born at the parents' residence, 2215 
and 2217 Frankford Avenu(% Philadelphia, on tlie seventeenth day of 
February, 1869. 

At the age of seven yeai's he went to sciiool. lie was a good 
scholar, learning the various branches with ease. At the age of fifteen 
he finished his education at the Eastbuni College. After leaving 
college he entered into 1lie business of his father. The Philip J. Ritter 
Conserve Company. lie leai-ned the \ai-ious details of the fruit pre- 
serving business, and aftei-waixls took part in the general supervision 
of the l)usiness. The extent of the husini'ss i'e(|nires the employ of 
several hundred peoi)le, and from fifteen to twenty horses and wagons 



190 GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 

for liauling goods ; also steam machinery to run the machinery of the 
factory. William Henry's fjiciilties for machinery was very good, 
having a natural talent for it. 

About ten years ago the Pliilij) -I. Hitter Conserve Company 
started to make their own 1iii <*;iiis 1o piil [)reserved fruits in. William 
H. Ritter has taken the entire charge of this branch of the business, 
also the manufacturing of tin l)oxcs and cans for other business firms. 

In 1902 F. J. Dillman, tieasui'er of the Philip J. Ritter Conserve 
Company, died. William IT. Ritter was elected its treasurer. He 
is also a director of the Excelsior Bank and of the German Union 
Building and Loan Association, chartered in 1870. He attends strictly 
to all the duties that he has assumed. 

He has traveled a great deal, botli in this and in foreign countries. 
In 1876 he made several visits to the great Centennial Exhibition at 
Philadelphia. In 1877 with his parents he visited for three months 
relatives in Ohio, and again in 1881 he went to Chicago, Iowa and 
Ohio. In 1883 he made a trip with his parents to Washington, D. C, 
the Mammoth Cave in Kentucky, Louisville. St. Louis, Colorado, the 
Rocky Mountains, New IMexico, Arizona, the Yosemite Valley, ]\Ion- 
terey, Santa Cruiz, Big Trees, the Sierra Mountains in California, Utah, 
the Great Canon, Royal Gorge, returning via Nebraska. He also 
made another visit in Iowa, stopping otf at Chicago. From there he 
went to Niagara Falls, attended the great Saengerfest at Buffalo for 
five days, then went to Summit ]Mountain in Pennsylvania and re- 
turned home. In 1886 he made a trip with his parents to Europe. They 
visited Liverpool, Loudon, Brussels, Cologne, took a trip up the Rhine, 
and then went to Wiesbaden, Frankfurt, Berlin, Dresden, Vienna, 
Salzburg, Munich, all over Switzci-land and Paris. Again in 1889 he 
visited these same places, and in addition traveled through Italy, visit- 
ing Geneva, Pisa, Milan, Florence, Naples, Rome and Venice, return- 
ing over the Alps by Brenner Pass to IMunich. 

He also visited the birthplaces of his ancestors and made photo- 
graphic pictures of Dreisen, the birthplace of his father; Breunig- 
weiler, the birthplace of our cousins in Iowa; also of Goelheim, the 
Neuhof near Altleiuingen. The pictures appear on pages 21, 25 and 
33 of this book. 



GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 191 

He also visited Paris and the AYorld's Fair Exhibition lield there 
in 1889, returning home by way of London and Liverpool, crossing the 
Atlantic Ocean on the Steamer "Umbria" in six and one-half days 
each way. 

In 1891 he visited California, and assisted in the management of 
the fruit canning establishment, owned and operated by his father and 
Mr. R. Hickmott at Oakland, California, until hitc in the fall. 

In 1892 he. in company with his father, again visited California 
to assist in the management of their fruit canning establishment, and 
remained until the middle of December. 

In the year 1893 he visited the Chicago World ".s Fair, staying there 
for several months, assisting in the management of the exhibit of fine 
preserved fruits shown by the Phili}) J. Ritter Conserve Company. 

In the year 1896 he visited friends and relatives in Ohio. From 
there he went to Niagara Falls, the Thousand Islands and by steamer 
down the St. Lawrence River to Montreal, returning home ])y way of 
Lake Champlain. Laki' dN'orge. Saratoga Springs and by steann^r on the 
Hudson River to New York. 

He also made several other trips, notable among them being his 
wedding trip with his wife in 1898: also to the St. Louis World's Fair 
in 19(14: also a great many Ijusim^ss trips to varioTis cities of the Ignited 
States as treasurer of the I-'mit Preservers' A.s.soeiation. 

He is treasurer and director of the Philip J. Ritter Conserve Com- 
l)any. a member of the Masonic Order, belongs to Lodge Number 9, 
Philadelphia: and is also a member of a number of other societies. 



192 GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 

BIOGRAPHY OF KATHARINA RITTER 

(Koch or Cook) 

Katheviiia, only daughter of Johannes and Elizabetli Ritter, of 
Dreisen, was born in tlie year 1884. 

Slie i-eceiv(Ml lie)- ednc.ition at the schools of her native town. She 
was a good schol.ir. niastci-inu- ;ill the hrandies of Icarninu' that were 
taught there. At the age of fourteen ycMi's licr school term expired, 
and slie was confii-nied in the Protestant Cliurdi. After leaving school 
she assisted li<'r niotlicr. h^nniiiig hoiisc-kccping l)y doing the household 
duties as one of her agx' could do. 

At the age of eighteen she hd't home and came by steamer down 
the Rhine to Havre de (Jracc, and from there by sailing vessel to New 
York. She was on the ocean seventy-six days and suffered from many 
severe storms and seasickness while making the ti'ip. 

She came to Philadelphia and engaged in doing housework until 
she married, in 1854. Mr. Johainies Koch, who changed his name to 
John Cook. Vowr cliildi'cii wei'c boi'ii to them, three daughtei's and 
one son. (^ne of tlu' d;iughtei's died in infancy. Hie others are still 
living. Their names are: 

Louisa, the oldest, boi-n in 1858. 

Amelia, boi'u in 1860. 

George, horn in 1864. 

Louisa and George Cook have remained single. Amelia was mar- 
ried to Mv. John Voglei'. 

Katheri]ui and her husband have engaged in the retail grocery 
business the greater pai't of their life. They have been (|nite success- 
ful and accumulated wealth dui'ing the yeai's of their active liusiness 
life. By being sa\iiig and i'mgal, they are possessed of sufficient of 
this world's goods to live i-etired with a good coini^eteney, and are still 
enjoying good liealtli. 

Mr. John Cook was hoi'ii a1 Weingarten in the Grand Duchv of 
Baden, Geiaiian\-, in 1880. 

He received his education at the school of his native town. After 
the expiration of his school term he was a|)pi'enticed to a locksmith, 
and sei'ved four yeai's of ap[)renticeship until lie learned the business. 



GENEALOGY OP THE RITTER FAMILY. 196 

He came to the United States and to Philadelphia about the year 
1850. At first he engaged in the biLsiness that he had h^aiiied. but 
afterward he learned and worked as machinist for sevei-al years. After 
this, having saved his earnings, he was enabled to l)uy out a retail 
grocery business, and has conducted this Ixisiuess for the greater part 
of his life. After selling out his grocery business, he engaged for sev- 
eral years in the manufacture of plate giass. He also sold out this 
business and lives retired. 

Amelia Cook, second daughter of John and Katherina Cook, of 
Philadelphia, was married to Mr. John Vogler, of Philadelphia. They 
have had three children born to them, two sons and one daughter. 

^Ir. Vogler has engaged in the wholesale drygoods connnission 
business for a number of years, and has been quitt^ a successful mei'- 
chant. His business house is well and favorably knowu tliroughout 
the United States. He is the distributer of large quantities of dry- 
goods for a number of factories in and about Philadelphia. 

He is possessed of considerable wealth, from the profits of his 
business, and also from the inheritance from his parents and his 
brother, George Vogler. 

He seemed to be in delicate health for a number of years, but is 
at the present time enjoying the best of health and is becoming (piite 
stout. His wife. Amelia, who during early life seemed to be small and 
delicate, has of late years become quite robust and stout. 



196 GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 

CHRISTIAN RITTER 

Fourth Son of John Ritter of Dreisen 

Christian Kitlcr. fouftli son of .Joliaiiiics Ritlci-, of Dreisen, mar- 
ried Mary IloelVr. of I'oltsville. I'a. 'I'liey live in I'iiiladelphia and he 
is viee-])i-esidenf ol' the IMiilip -1. I»i1tei' Conserve Company and super- 
in1en(h'nt of Ihe pi'eserve works a1 IMiihKh'Iphia. 

Clirislian IJillei- was horn on Cood Fi'i(hiy, April 4, 1S44, Die 
yonnu'est of thirteen children, in the village of Dreisen, a St'ominj^'ly 
ohseure hnt historic town: in that its main hii^lnvay (Kaiser Strasso) 
was made famons l)y the disastrons reli-eat of Napoleon I from Russia 
to France. 

When Cliristian Ritter was five yeai's old, that was in the year of 
1S4!). there was a revolntion started hy the pe()i)le of Bavaria a<"'ainst 
King- Ludwig on account of the excessive taxation to meet the demands 
of Lola Montez, the King's mistress. Tlie king of Prussia sent an army 
thi-ough every village of Bavaria and after many battles that were 
fought stubbornly by the Bavarians they w^ere finally dispersed by 
the Prussian army wnth an overwhelming force. But the patriotic 
feeling ran so high that the children and even the women wore the 
national colors of freedom and would sing songs of which the following 
is a sample that he yet remembers: — 

Ach du alter Ludwig Konig, 

Warnm gibts (\\i lient so wenig 

Und (In k-onnnst von deinem Thron, 

Und die Lola kriegt ihr'n Lohn. 

These demonst I'at ions of i'reedom jind lihei-ty against the King of 
Bavaria were soon I'orhiddi n hy the goverinnent and any one singing 
this song or wearing the colors were j)rouii)tly arrested and heavily 
fined. 

This is only briefly related to show that the birthplace of Christian 
Jxittei- being so little on the map of tlii' woi-ld. still had its history. 

At the age of six years he was sent to school. He went willingly, 
hut when he faced the stern looking schoolmaster, he promptly ran 
away, but was captured and sent back to school. In place of the afore- 
said stern-looking schoolmaster using the rod, he resorted to bribery, 
giving him a Kreutzer every morning for one week. 




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GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 199 

Christian, like a dutiful son, gave the Kreutzer to his mother to 
save, but she returned it to the schoolmaster daily to make its rounds 
of usefulness. 

His school days lasted only one year in Dreisen. 

At the ape of seven, tog-ether with his family, he went to the United 
States. As part of the family had gone previously they were joined, or 
received, in the City of New York, by his brothers John and Philip J. 
The voyage lasted thirty days on a sailing vessel. 

He stayed in New York about three days and then went to the City 
of Philadelphia, where he attended the public schools. 

At the age of thirteen he left school to learn his trade as fancy 
cake baker with his brother Philip J., and worked for him for five 
years, then as journeyman started in to work for other people. 

He Avas always a hard worker and his main aim was to reach the 
top round of his profession. 

At the age of sixteen, while still working at his trade, he found 
time in the evenings to join the Philadelphia Turners (a famous ath- 
letic association). Being- used to hard work, he naturally became a 
great athlete. He was widely known as the strongest young- man for 
his age in the City of Philadelphia. He was the star gymnast at sev- 
eral performances at the Philadelphia Academy Music and other public 
halls. 

At the age of nineteen he went to the City of Washington, D. C, 
to follow his trade as confectioner and fancy cake baker. This was 
during the administration of Abraham Lincoln, while the war was 
going on between the North and South. He w^as there about one year, 
and during- that time he made all the ornamental work to decorate the 
tables at a banquet given in honor of General U. S. Grant. This ban- 
quet was given just previous to his taking command of the Army of 
the Potomac. 

Vice-President Colfax gave a reception every Friday evening 
during that whole winter and Christian Ritter made all the decorations 
for him. As he was especially fond of Philadelphia fancy cakes, of 
which one thousand cakes were furnished at each reception. 

When the United States Patent Office was opened with a fair, he 
made an ornamental pyramid that was seven feet high and took four 
men to carry it. After the fair was over a banquet and ball was given 



200 GEiSTEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 

where he also distinguished himself l)y making some grand unique 
ornaments. 

He was guest of honor at a ])icnic given by the Washington, Bal- 
timore and Georgetown Turners, in the City of Washington, 1). C. 

Ahout that time he had a very good oft'er to take a position as 
ekn'k in the AVai* Department, hut as it was necessary foi' him to he 
sworn in as a sohlicr, in case Washington shouhl he attaeketl l)y the 
Rebels, the eiei-ks were ttt act in det'ence ol' the eily. His family did 
not want liim to l)e sworn in. ( )ii t his aeeouiit 1 hey o|)posed it and sent 
for liim to come back to IMiih'ith'Iphia at once, where he aiiain Joined 
his l)rotliei' Philip .1. at his trade. 

He had a lettei' intrusted to him by a I'l-iend in the (*ity of Wash- 
ington to be delivei'cd to this certain f I'iend 's sister, who in^sith'd in 
Philadelphia, and as tliis young lady hap])ened to be very beautiful it 
was only natural that he should fall in lo\-e with her. which was re- 
ciprocated by the aforesaid \-oung lad\ . Her name was IMary L. 
Hoefifer, who was on a visit to relations in Philadelphia at that time. 
The home of her parents was in Potts\ille, Pa. 

After a shoi't courtship they were mari'ied. His wife. j\lary L. 
was hoi'n April 4, 1(S4S, in the town of lOsslingen. Wuerttembei'g, (ier- 
many. She came to the United States with her parents when an in- 
fant: she had two brothers and three sisters. 

They were married while v^'vy young. Christian was only twenty 
and his wife, Maiw Ij., sixteen. 

Shortly after theii- mari'iage they stai-ted in a fancy cake antl ice 
cream business, which lastetl about nine years and were very success- 
ful for the time. He was compelled to give up l)usiness, because at 
the age of twenty-eight he was taken yery sick with cerebro-spinal 
meningitis, which left him in a j^artially pai-alyzed condition. After 
his condition impi'oved somcnvhat he joined his hrothei', Philip J., 
in the mainifacture of fruit butters on June 15, 1874. He was veiy 
successful in making preserves, .iellies, etc. He was the fii'st one in the 
I'nited Stales to conceive the idea of using an apple jelly body in all 
kinds of |»resei'ves whi<'h l)rought the |)rice of |)i-esei'ves within the 
reach (d' the poorei' classes. Pi'evious 1o this it was oidy the I'ich that 
could indidge in such a luxury. His method has been copied by manu- 
facturers all ov<'r the Pnited States, showing that by his ingenuity 



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GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 203 

and his brother Philip J. Ritter's business ability has brought a great 
revolution in the manufacture of preserves. 

At the beginning the denunids for these goods were so great that 
our capacity was too small. The buihMngs were enlarged and the name 
of Philip J. Ritter was then and it is to-day a guarantee all over the 
United States of having the finest preserves and .iellies. 

Later on a company was formed named the Philip J. Kitter Con- 
serve Co., Philip J. Ritter Iteing the president and INIr. Christian Ritter, 
vice-president, with a full paitl-up capital of $100,000. 

At the date of this writing (1904) the aforesaid company has been 
in successfid operation f(n- twenty years, and Christian Ritter has been 
attending to the manufacturing for thirty years without intermission, 
counting ten years bef(n'e it was formed into a company. 

Christian Ritter and his wife had lionie unto them twelve children, 
as follows : — 

Elizabeth Regina, born in Philadelphia, March 21, 1865. 

Christian William, born in Philadelphia, July 28. 1866. 

Mary Amelia, born in Philadelphia, November 5, 1867. 

Regina IMatilda, born in Philadelphia, February 2, 1869. 

Kathryne Pauline, born in Philadelphia, February 10, 1871. 

Laura Adelia, born in Philadelphia, June 10, 1872. 

Sarah Clair, born in Philadelphia, October 13, 1873. 

Louisa j\lay, born in Philadelphia, April 24, 1875. 

Philip John, born in Philadelphia, October 14, 1877. 

Charles August, born in Philadelphia, May 27, 1879. 

Emma Rebecca, born in Philadelphia, September 8, 1881. 

Lily Rose, born in Philadelphia, June 27, 1889. 

Laura Adelia died at the age of 4 years 6 months, Regina Matilda 
at the age of sixteen. 

The oldest daughter, Elizabeth R. Ritter, married Thomas Fnrey 
on September 24, 1885. Thomas Furey was born in Philadelphia, Au- 
gust 4, 1864. They had three childi-en as follows: — 

Christian D., boi-n in Philadelphia, July 26, 1886. 

Elizabeth May, hnni in l^hiladelphia, September 27, 1889. 

Norman D., boi-ii in Philadelphia, A]>ril 12, 1892. 

Her husband Thomas D., and theii' youngest son Norman D., died 
leaving her a widow with two children. 



204 GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 

CHRISTIAN WILLIAM RITTER 

Second Child of Chfistian and Mary L. Ritter 

Christian Wilhani Ritter. second child of Christian and Mary L. 
IJittcf, was IxifM in Phi]adcl|)liia, .Inly 2S. iSfid. and was educated in 

llic public schools, stiiftinu' into work at the auc of 14 years. His first 
position was with two sisters by tli<' name of l>ancroft, (^nakei's, wlio 
aftei-ward sold out to St ra wbridiic cK: Clothiei'. After leavinu' tiiei'c 
he pfocufed a position in a stocking- mill: fi'om tliere went to work in 
a spinniii'4' mill. 

In the _\'ear 1SS2. he was coiiliniied in the (iernian Lntlieran 
Clmrch. At that time he started to lake a six months' course of study 
in a business colleiic luid, wlien finished, procured a ))osition as clerk 
witli a wliolesale ^■r(KM'r\- iiouse. In all ol' the positions he occu|)ied he 
was ni'ver dischai'^-ed. I'eceivinu' uood recommendations I'rom all. 

On Xovember "J."?. 1SS7. he mai-ried Aiuia \V. Strassei-, who is of 
fair complexion, strong' of s1atui-e and hearty. Kleven months after 
he niari-ied, he enua^cd in the i;focei-y business, and after four oi' five 
years sold out and engagetl as a salesman for a tea and coffee iirni. 
After selling goods for them for about a year, he again started out for 
himself in the oil business, without a customer, and going into a section 
of tlie country entirely unknown to him. namely. Wissahickon. Mana- 
yuiik and l\o.\l)orongh. He stalled with one horse, and in six months' 
time was obliged to purchase another, for the loads were getting too 
heavy for the one. He was then obliged to i-emove to a larger and 
more convenient place, and in alxmt a year aftei". still prospering, 
pui'cdiased a home with stable attached, in lioxborough. wheic he stid 
resides. 

Four cbildi'eii were boiai to them: — 

1. William Chi-istian Hitter, born Xov.'mbei- 1!), 1889, died May 
;H, 181)4, with acute meningitis of bi'ain. 

*_'. Christian liitt(M-, born .lune oO, 1S!);{. a scarcity for his age, 
being ele\-en years old. height four I'eet ten inches, waist measurement 
forty inches and weighs l."),") pounds. 

;5. Anna K. K'ittei-, born .\ugust Id, 1895. 

4. Estella M. Kittei', born Apial 21, 1898. 




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GENEALOGY OP THE RITTER FAMILY. 209 

Mary Aiiieli;i Kitter niarried Mr. (Jeo. Knli, February 23, 1887. 
lie died. She niart-ied her second husliand, Mr. John Gluck, Novein- 
l)er f), 1902. She has no cliildren living: she had one child by her first 
husband, born September- 28, 1887, which died November 28, 1887. 

Katliiync I'auline Hitter iiian-ied (Jeo. (Joeppinger on February 
8, 1S9:1 They have 1 wo childi-cii : — 

Beati'icr, hoi'ii •laiiiiary 7. ISIHi. 

Leroy, horn March 29. 1901. 

Sai-ah Chiii- IJittei- niari-ied ('has. 11. Lehr on ^lay 18, 1892. Mr. 
I'has. 11. Lehr was Ixn'ii on May 9, 18(>J. They had four children as 
follows: — 

Lewis C, l)()rn May 14, 1895. 
Selma E.. born November 10, 1901. 
Marie Eva, born I\Iarch 2, 1894. 
Carl Henry, born July 16, 1897. 

The last two named died. Carl Henry, April 9, 1899, and Marie 
Eva on August 12, 1894. 

Louisa May Kitter married J. Frederick Dietrich. They have had 
two children. Their first child died and the last. Frederick Dietrich 
Ritter, Grand Child of Christian Ritter of Philadelphia, was born 
November 28, 1900. 



210 GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 



PHILIP J. RITTER 

Pliilip J. Ritter, ninth child of Christian and Mary L. Ritter, born 
ill Philadelphia October 14, 1877, is five feet ten and three-quarter 
inches in height, stont and of dark complexion. 

After having passed through all the branches of the public scliools 
successfully, he entered the employ of 'Che W. J. McCahan Sugar Re- 
fining Co., in the capacity of collector. After having made a special 
study of 1li(' siigai' business, he engaged in Ihc siigai" and syrup broker- 
age business, Icjiding as K'itler & Wilson, and did ver\' well, considei-- 
ing file keen ;ind older eompet it ion. IMiilip .1. Kitt<'r was at (hat time 
the youngest broker in IMiihidelphi;). 

H^'om the above business he entered the t \pewi'itei" field, having 
heen induced by a friend to attempt this line, in place of selling sugar. 
This was and has been up to the present time a very succassful under- 
taking, it not only being a profitable business, but enabled him to see 
a very large jjortion of this country. 

In June, 1!)()(), he married Ijillian W. Rriuers, who is of fair com- 
plexion. < )n -Inly 1^4. 1!)()1, their first child, a (hiughtcr, Lillian, was 
l»oi'n. and who reseinhlcs lief I'athei- in both features and disposition. 
What is most i-emarkable is, that Philip 4. Ritter and his younger 
brother Charles A. Ritter, married two sisters and have, from the day 
they were married until the pi-esent day, lived together as one family. 





vJOHANN PHILIP RITTER, and his wife, KATHARINA SCHREINER-RITTER, 

late of Keokuk County, Iowa. 



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GENEALOGY OP THE RlTTER FAMILY. 



213 



CHARLES AUGUST RITTER 

Charles August Rittei-, the teuth child <ind youngest of three sons 
ol' (!liristian and ]\biry L. Hitter, was boi-ii in I'hihidelphia May 27, 
1S7M. He \v;is educated in the public schools oT lMiilaciel])hia and was 
luei'itorioiis in passing tliroiigli the ditiCerent classes in school. Septem- 
ber, IS!),"), lie entered tlie employ oi' the P. .1. Hitter C'onserve Company, 
and learned the business of manufacturing all their products, under 
the supervision of his father, Christian Hitter. 

In l!)()0 he was appointed assistant superintendent ovei- the niaini- 
facturing dei)ai-tment. He is of a uiedium complexion, hhie eyes, five 
feet five inches tall, vveiglit two hundred |)ounds, and has a jolly dispo- 
sition. He is very fond of iiiusie, having first played the ]>iano at a 
concert at the age of twelve years. Since then he has pei'formed in 
nearly all the entertainment halls of i'hiladelphia. 

On Api-il n, 1898, he married Mary E. Baucrs. Their first child, 
Carl A. Ritter, was boi-n August 15, 1889. He has a fair complexion 
and is tall and active for his age. Their second child, a girl, Marion R. 
Ritter, was horn January 25, 1902. She is of light complexion, and is 
gifted with a wondei-ful memoiy, at the age of twenty-six months being 
able to recite about six or eight ivcitations and sing several songs. 

Now in conclusion will say that while the family of Christian Rit- 
ter, Sr., is unusually large they are all very affectionate and loving to 
each other and to their parents. They have a gathering every New 
Year's Day at the old homestead, which is attended only by our im- 
mediate family. At the gathering, New Year's Day 1905, there were 
twenty-three children and grandchildren, their parents and grand- 
parents, thirty-three per-sons belonging to the family. 



214 GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 

BIOGRAPHY OF JOHANN PHILIP RITTER 
OF BREUNIGWEILER 

Johann Philip Ritter, foui-th son of Oeoroe Christian and Eva 
Rittei', was l)oi'n June 24, ISOl, at the Ncuhof n(^ar AlthMnin^ieii. He 
received Ids education at the school of Altleinin^-en. iiiasteriiiii' all 
branches that were taught with ease, and at the aye of foui'teen ended 
his school term. He was contirnied in the Protestant I'hui-ch of the 
town. 

He assisted his parents on the estate, doing such work as a person 
of his age could do. When his parents removed to Poland, John 
Philip decided not to go with theni. He said to his lirothers Lorenz 
and Johannes, "if nou don't go, 1 will sta\' here with you." Valentine 
Schreinei', of Hreuingweiler, his niicle. had a large possession of land 
and needed additional li(4p lo work and manage his affairs, and John 
Philip sta\'ed with hini foi- smcn yi^ars. During this time, he and 
his uncle's daughter Katharine made love to ea(4i other and finally 
wei'e mai'rled and started out tor themselves. John IMiilip had savtMJ 
his eai'nin^s, (|ui1e a sum of moiie\' in those times, and his wife inher- 
ited considerable land and money. With his savings and his wife's 
inheritance, they were comfortably situated and he was prosperous in 
his uiuh^rtakings and accunndated considei'able wealth, notwithstand- 
ing lie had a lai-ge family of diildi-en to raise. Johann Philip's mar- 

iic(| life was a happy one, both he and his wife being good natui'cd 
and having pleasant dispositions. 

John Philip was five feet eight inches tall, broad shouldered and 
well pro])ortioned, with an oval face, sincei'e pleasant expression, dark 
brown eyes, and dai'k nearly IJack hair. Tu his younger years, he was 
as handsome a man as his wife was a lumdsome woman. At forty-five 
his h;iii' was (piite gray, while his face looked ro.sy and youthful. John 
Philip was a kiiid-heai-ted husband and father to his family; was kiiul- 
heai'ted and had a good woi-d foi- eveiy one; was well liked by the 
peoj)!*^ of his town and they elected him (ii-st Burgomaster several times. 
This otlice be belil nntil be (•auie to the Pnited States of America. This 
was a hard step for liim to take, to lea\c his native country wJiere his 
friends li\iMl, whei'e he was honored as the lirst citizen of his town; but 



( 



GENEALOGY OP THE RITTER FAMILY. 215 

there was an incentive foi- liiiii to come to this country. Five of his 
children, the ohlcst. had ah-eady uone to tlie new world and were doing 
well in tlit'ir new lioni*'; and tlie l)usiness conditions in (xerniany did 
not look very i)romising for the future of the five children he had 
at home. 

lie sokl his land and personal pi'opcrty and started for the new 
worhl in 1857. Schillei-, the urcat (Jeriiian poet, says. "No mortal has 
ever enjoyeil life's unmixed pleasure;" st) it was, with the subject of 
this sketch. It was a sad event for him when his parents, his brothers 
and sisters parted from him. to go to a far otf foreign country (Pol- 
and ) , to never meet again in this world ; it was equally sad for him 
wlieii he, with his wife and children, left their native home to part for- 
ever fi'uiii I'l'iends thai were dear: from a h(<me that had by liai'tl work 
been create(.l : from his townspeo])le. whose friend and adviser he had 
been, and who had honored him by electing linn their Burgomaster sev- 
eral times. Many tears flowed on the parting of him and his family, 
by them and their fiieiid.s, for they perhaps would never meet again. 

Men have duties to perform; these they owe to themselves and 
their families. That their welfaiv should be the first consideration to 
take in mind and stand lii-m in iliese duties, for it often requires great 
sacrifice to attain great results, and all sentiment has to be put to one 
side, and such was the case with him. They started on their long 
journey, suffering many hardshij)s on the frij) to America, for many 
of the family became very sick on the ocean. One of his children was 
laying unconscious for a day. but the doctoi' I'csuscitated and brought 
it to life. They landed safely in New York, and after a short stay 
started on their long and tedious journey to the West, experiencing 
many hardships on account of not being able to speak English. They 
traveled by railroad and steamboat to Burlington, Iowa. At Burlington 
he bought a pair of hoi'ses and a wagon and traveled thi-ough country 
that had no roads to speak of and whei-e thcM'e was a watei* famine. 
There had been such a draught in Iowa that people w<'re suffei"ing for 
the want of water. John Philij) Hitter and his family had to pay a 
good price for water for themselves and horses during this eighty mile 
trip fro]ii Burlington. Iowa, to Dahlanica, Iowa, wheic his live oldest 
children resided. 



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*il6 Genealogy of the ritter family. 

John Philip after arriving had the great pleasure of seeing his 
whole family once more around him, and tears of joy flowed freely. 
Soon after his arrival in Iowa he bought a farm of eighty acres of 
land with buildings on it. He and his families' hearts were glad that 
they all had a new home in the new world. Their gladness was of short 
duration, for but a. few months at'tci- liis MiTival, tlieii* son John Philip. 
Jr., took sick with typhoid fever and died. Dui-ing the fii'st winter he 
had the misfortune t<» lose the [)air of liorscs he Ixmght at Hui'lington, 
Iowa, and paid $.S()() for. 'i'his was nut oidy a. heavy pecuniary loss, 
but it put them t(» great disadvantage, as lie needed the team to culti- 
vate his land. It took .lolin I'hiiip and his w ife se\'ei'al years until they 
got accustomed to the ways of the peoph' of their new home. After 
that they became better contented and enjoyed life again. What con- 
tributed largely to this condition was that after 1868 all country pro- 
ducts, wheat; barley, coni and oats, yielded very high j)i'ices, also pork 
and beef. Horses and cattle hrought high prices. This made the whole 
country prosperous. Thei*e is not anything in tliis world to make 
people haj)pier than prosperity. 

.John Philip Rittei-, in August, l>S(i7, visited his relatives near 
Hamilton in the State of. Ohio. He stayed about one month and en- 
joyed his visit vei'y much. One month later his nephew, Philip .1. 
Hitter, of Philadelphia, his wife and child and his brother-in-law, 
visited John Philip and his family, and also the other relations in that 
])ai-t of the country. Philip -1. IJitter by his visit seemed to put new 
life into him and his family. IMulij) -1. K'ilter and pai'ty stayed about 
one month in Iow;i visiting, and vei-y often uncle and aunt Hitter ac- 
companied their guests to the various relatives. Philip J. Ritter by 
his lively, cheerful, and jovial disposition livened uj) his surroundings 
wherever he went. 

John Philip Hitter lived contt'nted the later years of his life until 
he died in January 22, 1871. 

.lolni I'liilip and liis wife, Katharine Sehi'einei-, had fourteen chil- 
dren, all hoi'ii at iJicuiiigwciler : 1 hi'ee died in inraney. The others are : 

1. Johannes, oi- John, l)orn at Hreunigweiler, September 8, 1827. 



GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 217 

2. Philip, born on May 1, 1835, died in Iowa, December 23, 1857, 
unmarried. 

3. Daniel, born in 1832, October 22. 

4. Philipina, born March 6, 1838. 

5. Margaret, born July 16, 1831, came to America in 1852, mar- 
ried Robert Person, Butler County, Ohio, died in childbirth after one 
year's nuirriage. 

(i. Elizabeth, lu.i-n -Inlv 1.'), 1839. 

7. Andrew, Ixirn Jnne 2, 18-11. 

8. William, burn July (i. 1843. 

9. Kathai'ine, born March 1, 1845. 
10. Frederick, born Sei)teinber 5, 1840. 
n. Thoresia, born October 1, 1848. 



218 GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 



BIOGRAPHY OF KATHARINA RITTER 

Wife of John Pfiilip Ritter of Breunigweiler 

Katharina Ritter, wife of John PhiHj) Ritter, was a daughter of 
Valentine and Elizal)eth Schreiner and was i)orn at Breunigweiler 1808. 
She received her education at tlie school of her native ))lace and was a 
very gO' id scholar, learning all that w.is taught there with eace. 

After her school years she learned first knitting and tine needle 
work, and after these cooking and household duties, and was the assist- 
ant of her mother. Her mother was thorough in all branches of female 
re(|uirements in the lu)usehold, and all her daughters were learned in 
the ways of their mother, namel_\' to he cori-ect, ((uiek and energetic. 

Kathei'ina was one of the youngest daughters, and had to assume 
the duties of a large houseliold and family after her older sisters were 
married. Hei" father was the wealthiest man of the town and, like in 
all European communities, the family had to keep up a certain amount 
of dignity, and this dignity becomes a sorl of .second nature to their 
children which they instinctively inherit and cany with them through- 
out life, and this was also the case of the subject of this sketch. 

Katherina grew up to be a beautiful girl. She had a light com- 
plexion, a large round face, very rosy cheeks and large blue eyes. She 
had a cheerful countenance and you would think she could only smile 
and laugh when meeting her. 

When she was of marriageable age, she and hei" cousin, John 
Philip Ritter, who Avas then living with her parents, were married. 
During her middle life, that is about the age of forty, she became quite 
stout. She had fourteen children. Three died in infancy, the others 
grew up to manhood. 

Katherina was a very healthy person and fond of society and 
visiting her friends and relatives. It was, therefore, a great hardship 
to her to leave her friends and her native place to come to America. 
She also felt very keen the want of these associates after arriving in 
this country for a long time, although she lived right in the midst of 
her married children and other relatives. 



GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 219 

She was very kind and tender hearted to her children and her 
husband, sharing- all their joys and sorrows through life. One of the 
greatest pleasures of her life was when she accompanied in 1873 her 
Nephew Philip J. Ritter, who had vLsited her at her home in Iowa, to 
his home in Philadelphia and on their wa.y East visited their relations 
near Hamilton, Ohio. She remained with her nephew's family nearly 
two months, and was entertained with a continuous pleasure of carriage 
rides and sightseeing until she I'eturned to her home again. 

She retained good health through life and died in Iowa at her 
home February 19, 1888, and is buried in a cemetery in Keokuk County 
near her former home beside her husband, and each of their graves are 
marked bv verv nice monuments. 



220 GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 



JOHN RITTER 

First Son of John Philip and Katharina Ritter of Breunigweiler 

Mr. .loliii Ivillcr, of ll«'(lii('l<. I(i\\;i, \v;is hoi'ii in Breimio'weiler, 
Hliciii|il';il/,. (IcniiJiiiy. Scplciiilicr S, 1S27, ;iiiil i-cccivcd his ('diicjil ion 
at till' lowii school until llic ;i^c of roiirlccn ycjii's, and when ID ycai's 
ol' aii'i' 111' h'fl his nati\c connt ry. lie IcaciKMl Ihc business of ayricnl- 
tufc with his fathiT. lie Iraxcli'd with sonic i'riciid hy wau'on to the 
seaport lla\rc I )c (I race, distance ahoiit '>i)i^ miles, hy way of Ah'tz and 
Pai'is. then h_\' sailinu' vessel to New ^'ork. He landed in the city of 
New ^'ork. I'. S. A., after ahoiit two iiioiiths. and it i'e(inired anotlier 
month to iio rroiii New York by steamboat and canal l)oat to Ohio, 
where lie located ill l^utler Coiinty. and livi'd I'oi' six years. Diii'ing' 
tliis time he made choice of a wife. Miss Caroline llecker, wlio, with 
him, emiurated to the wild State of Iowa, as it was that time, in 1852. 
Tlie howlin^s of the wolves made ni^lit hideous, and otiiei' wild animals, 
snch as the catamount, bad'^cr and the harmless deer roamed the fields 
at ni^lit and stole j.;i-aiii from the farms. Not only tlu^se, hut the In- 
dian, or ''yr(\ man,"" as he was called, was almost a daily visitor to ter- 
I'ori/e the tillei- of the soil. .Mr. -lohn liitter was a pioneer of the State 
of Iowa, lie saw man\- changes in the Slate before he died, lie saw 
the wild nature iiivine- way to the lo\'ely homes and beaiitifnl cities, 
surrounded by valual)le farms. 

Mr. John Ritter emigrated from Ohio to l(»wa, traveling- all the 
way with team and wagon, a distance of TOO miles. This occupied two 
months time. Now there is a perfect network of railroads from Ohio 
to Iowa. In the State of Iowa alone, in the year 1001, there were 8,527 
miles of railroad. When :\Ir. J. Hittei- crossed the briny deep, it took 
liim forty-four days to make the journey in sail boat. Now the mighty 
steamei- can cross the great ocean in from five to six days. 

Mr. .lohn Kilter's first wife died June 14. 1858. Only one child 
was born to tlieiii, which died in infancy. Mr. IJitter was again mar- 
ried November 27. 185:;. to .Miss Cluistina Aciverman, of Dahlonega, 
Wapello Comity, Iowa. 



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GENEALOGY OP THE RITTER FAMILY. 223 

The second wife of John Ritter traveled in a wagon with her par- 
ents the long distance from Ohio to Iowa, bearing many hardships with 
her husband in early days. She now resides in Hedrick, Iowa, and 
their children all get their mail at the same address. 

Ml'. Hitter's ()('('U])ation through life was that of a farmer. He 
l)()uglit H rjii'iti ill Keokuk County and lived on it until he died. This 
farm joined llie f.inii of his mother and father. His second wife was a 
native of Butler County, Ohio, and his first cousin. They had twelve 
children, four of whom are living. John Ritter died May 21, 1891. 

Their first born were twins (sons), who died in infancy. 

Their third cliild was Mary Matilda, who was born May 2, 1856, 
and who was married October 16, 1883, to Charles W. Sykes, of Hed- 
rick, Iowa. Four children were l)orn to them, all of whom died in 
infancy. In 1903 they adopted two orphan children of Mr. Sykes' 
brother. .lohn Sykes. Theii- names ai'e Ruth Jewell Sykes, aged at this 
writing, nine years, and Wesley S. Sykes, five years of age. Mr. a,nd 
Mrs. Charles W. Sykes have been vvvy successl'iil linaneially, havinjj: 
commenced mai'ried life with a mere |)iltan('e which tiiey had saved 
previous to their mari'iage. At the present time they liave 233 acres 
of fine farm land, worth .^100 per acre; a fine business block in the 
town of Hedrick, and a fine home in Hedrick. Mr. Charl&s W. Sykes 
has traveled quite extensively, his first trip being to St. Louis and 
Southern Illinois. Next he traveled to the World's Fair in Chicago, 
Illinois. Then he took a trip to Niagara Falls, New York, and visited 
Canada. T will say just here that Mrs. Charles W. Sykes took no in- 
terest in travel up to this time. Then she ('ounnenced to travel with 
her husband. Their first trip was to the Trans-Mississippi Exposition 
in Omaha, Nebraska. Then in 1901 and 1902 they visited the Pacifie 
Coast states and Old Mexico, visiting all the principal cities on the 
route : Denver, Colorado, Salt Lake City, Utah, the home of the Mor- 
mons, or the home of polygamy in America. Thence to Sacramento 
City, San Francisco, Los Angeles and Pasadena, California. They 
were absent seven months from home. 

Mr. Sykes is of Engli.sh descent. His grandparents moved from 
England to America. Iowa, the State in which Mr. and Mrs. Charles 
W. Sykes live, is the banner corn State of the United States of America. 

The third child, John P. Ritter, was born November 15, 1858, and 



224 GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 

was married to Cornelia Bennett, Oetol)er 1, 1885. She died May 4, 
1889. 'i'o this union was born two children : Frank A. was born April 
2, 1887 ; Elsie May was born Ai)ril 26, 1889, and was reared by her 
grandmother Ritter. John P. Ritter was again married October 25, 
1893. to Ilai-i'iet Angeline Rugglcs. To this union was ])orn two chil- 
(li-cii : \'ifgil Lcland was l)()i'n January 30, 1896; Loiniie was l)orii .May 
IT), 1898, ;ind died June 29, l!H)2. ITe lives in Iledrick, Iowa. 

Adeline ('.. tlie tiftli child, was 1)orn Noveml)er 7, 1860, and was 
mai'i-ied lo -lolui Alluian jNlarcli 10, 1885. To this union were l)oru 
I'dui- eliildi'en: Aliiniie A. was hoi'ii December 14, 1885. and died 
-lanuai-y 13. 18!)!); Fredie A. was l)orn March 15, 1888, Eddie A. was 
horn Mafcli 15. 1888, Carrie Elsie was born August 13, 1890. John 
All man was a native of Ohio, and emigrated with his father to Fre- 
mont, Mahaska County, Iowa. He lives at Keokuk County, and is a 
farmer. 

Elizabeth Ann, sixth child, was born January 12, 1864. She is un- 
married and lives at home with her mother at Iledrick, Iowa. 

Frederick William, seventh child, was born May 16, 1866, and 
died November 1, 1871. 

George Alexander, eighth child, was born May 27, 1868, and died 
February 19, 1871. 

Joseph v., ninth child, was born October 18, 1870, and died Octo- 
ber 22, 1871. 

Charles C, tenth child, was born December 4, 1871, and died Jan- 
uary 22, 1878. 



GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 227 

BIOGRAPHY OF DANIEL RITTER 

Third Son of John Philip and Catharine Ritter of Breonigweiler 

Daniel Rittef, tliird son of -lolin IMiilip and (!athai-in(' Hitter, was 
horn October 22, 1S.S2, at Breunigweiler, Bavaria, (icniiany. At the 
age of twenty-one he, in iHn'A, made the trip L'roni lioiiie by way of 
Forbaeh in P^rancc lo i'aris, sailed from llavi'e to America, was on the 
ocean forty-seven days, arrived in X('W York, April IH, 1858. From 
there he traveled by canal boat and railroad to Cincinnati, Ohio, was 
there one week and fi-om there lie came in a steamljoat down the Ohio 
River to St. Louis and by steamboat up the Mississippi River to 
Keokuk, and from there he came in a carriage to Agency. Wapello 
C/Ounty. Iowa, as there was not any i-ailroads in Iowa at that time, and 
from Agency he came to Dahlonega to his uncle Jacob Liiwenbnrg, 
stayed there a few days, and his rncle Jacob Lowenburg took him to 
his bi'other John's home, who lived on a farm in Keokuk County, Iowa. 
When he ari'ived at his bi-othcr's home. Daniel's wealth consisted of 
two shirts and one pair of pants besides the suit of clothes he had ou 
his bodv, and nine dollars debt. That was the start he had in Iowa. 
Daniel went to woi-k and received from the farmers he worked for ten 
and twelve dollars per month and his board. He saved his earnings 
and with it bought 60 acres of land in Wapello County, Iowa, in the 
year 1862, paying ten dollars per acre. Daniel was married March 8, 
lS(i;5. to Mary Catharine Kielkopf. She was born August 13, 1889, in 
Wuerttemberg near Goebingen, Germany, came with her parents to 
Iowa in 1857. Daniel and wife moved to the little farm of 60 acres 
in 1864, lived there imtil 1870, when he traded the 60 acres farm for 
80 acres, four miles north of wdiere they lived, and in 1878 bought 
40 acres more for $1000, and in 18!)5 bought 34 more acres, total 154 
acres of land, and this farm he still owns. 

In the year 1901 he retired from farming and moved to the town 
of Hedrick, Keokuk County, Iowa, to live a retired life. All his life- 
time he had never been over twenty miles from home, so on October 6, 
1903, he and his brother Andrew took a trip to Ohio to visit his cousins 
there. He met a great many of his friends, some of whom he had not 
seen for fifty years. They enjoyed the trip very much. 



228 GENEALUUV OF THE KITTER FAMILY. 

Diiiiiel Rittor and family live in a very pretty house with delight- 
ful sufi'oundiugs aud are coiiirorlahlc Daniel and Catharine Ritter 
had eight children : — 

1. IMiilip Killer was horn .March 1. LSfU, in \Va])ell() County, 
Iowa, lie was niari-icd lo Mary (irovier. January 1, ISDI, and bought 
and lived on a farm in Keokuk County, and in IIIO.S h(^ traded this 
farm I'oi' ^i'JO acrc^s near ,Mai)l«' City in Kansas wlicrc he now lives. 
They have six ehildi-en: — 

1. Owen A. Ritter was hoi'ii October 4, 1891. 

2. Roy Ritter was hoiai April :), 189:3. 

8. Klt'a M. Ritter was born May 19, 1895. 

4. Floyd ¥j. Ritter was hoi-n. -Inly 11. 1900. 

0. Clyde R. Ritter was l)oi-n August 15, 1902. 
(i. Fern. E. Ritter was horn Ai)i-il 7, 1904. 

2. Phoel)e Ritter was horn .lanuary 19. iSIKi, in Wapello County, 
Iowa, lives with her parents. In 1898 went to Chicago to the exposition. 

8. Katie Ritter was horn .lanuary 28, 1868, in Wapello County, 
Iowa, was married to Peter Deutschle, formerly of Breunigweilei', 
February 6, 1887, they settled in Keokuk County, Iowa. They have 
three children. 

1. Charlie Deutschle, born April 14, 1888. 

2. Lester Deutschle, born -lanuary 5, 18!*!. 

3. Earl Deutschle, l)orn December 5, 1895. 

4. Lizzie Kittei". boi'n -lanuary 11, 1871, in Wajx'llo Comity, 
Iowa, was mai'i-ied to Fred. MeClung, May 8, 1894, settled in Wapello 
County, Iowa. They have two children. 

1. dean iMcClung, born Decend^er 19, 1894. 

2. Blanch M.-Clung. horn .May 8, 1897. 

5. Mary 'J\ Hitter, b(nii Xovemhei- 28, 1878, in Wapello Comity, 
Iowa, was married to George Dillon, September 27, 18!>9, settled in 
Wapello County, Iowa. They have two children : — 

1. Ahiia C. Dillon, horn 8iepteml)er 14, 1900. 

2. Noi'a I. Dillon, horn February 10, 1903. 

6. John Ritter, born December 8, 1876, in Wapello County, Iowa, 
was married to Fannie Stem, January 7, 1903, settled in Keokuk 



GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 231 

County, Iowa. They have one child, Lola I. Ritter, born September 

22, 1908. 

7. Annanda Ij. l\itter, born November A, 187!>, in Wapello 
County, Iowa, was mari'ied to Emanuel Keck, March 8, 1908, settled 
in Keokuk County. Iowa. They have one child, Hazel F. Reck, born 
December 28, 1903. 

8. Ida ^I. Ritter was born September 16, 1883, and died June 

23, 1884. 



I 



232 GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 

PHILIPINA RITTER-SCHERTZ 

Daughter of John Philip and Catharine Ritter of Breimigweiler 

J'Ji()el)e Philipina Hittef, (lauuhtcr of John Philii) and Catharine 
Ritter, born in Bi'enni^AveihM-, (iennany, on Mai'ch (), 1(S88. When 
eighteen years of* age, 185(5, she eiiiigrat(Ml to Aiiici'ica, with sonic 
friends or relations, af'tci' a voyage of fortv-scNcii (hiys on the Athmtic 
Ocean, in wiiich 1 line slic endured many hai dships and witnessed many 
sci^ncs of disaster. When on llie voyage al)out twcnty-l hree (hi\s she 
experienced a narrow escape iVom (h'alh; a hii-ge ice hei'g came near 
striking tlie vessel she was on: all the passeng(M's feariiiL; the vessel 
would l)e capsized. They felt very foi'lunale and thankful that they 
lived to see America. Every passenger on the vessel was seasick with 
the exception of i'hilipina, she cnjoyinL;' good health. Aft«M' visiting 
fi'iends in New ^'ork ('ity and viewing some of the magniliceiit scenes 
of that cit.w she started on Ikm- wcsleiii \dyage. stoppiim in ('olnmhns 
City, Ohio, for tiii'ee mouths woi'king as a ser\aMl to earn ukmicv 
enough to continue her \'oyage to Iowa, cominu- liy steamhoat down the 
Oliio River and to St. Louis and rroiii Ihei'e to Kei)kuk. Iowa. Thei'c 
were no i"iilroads at that time. From there she came in a wagon to ( )t- 
tumwa. The town of ()ttiniiwa iiad oiilv live hundi'ed inhabitants, 
while at the present time it has tweuty-tive thousand iuhahitauts, with 
very nice liuildings and many line impro\'ements. From there she 
continued her voyage to hei' aiuit's who resided twelve miles from 
Ottumwa. In passing over that distance of IweKc miles she saw only 
two logcahins. while at pi'csent, houses can he seen at a less distance 
tlian half a mile. She saw also many Indian cam|)s along the way. 
She visited at her aunt's and hrothei- foi- a shoi't time and then went to 
work as a. servant gii'l at Fi'emont. Iowa. She met .Iose|)h Shertz and 
after an acquaintance of a. shoi't time they were united in marriage on 
.lanuary "J."), 1857. .Joseph Scjicrt/., horn in P'raiice. .January I), 1812, 
in Loraine, formerly a French, now a (leriiian |)ro\iiice, came to 
America in l^'.VA. When Iwcnty-oiie years of age he immigrated to 
America, his mother and sister cominu' with him, he |)ayiiig tiieir ex- 
penses. TlK-y were fort \-se\'eii days crossing the ocean, lie experi- 
encing much sea sickness, landiii": in Xew \'ork in the spring of the 



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GENEALOGY OP THE RITTER FAMILY. ■ 235 

year and staying there one year working as a farm hand to get money 
enough to continiK' his voyage, only receiving a salary of* fifty cents a 
day. Then deciding to go further west, he went to Trenton, Butler 
County, Ohio, where he learned the trade of miller. Working at that 
trade for twenty- years saving considerable money, and hearing of the 
land farther west he made up his mind to be one of the early settlers. 
He came by steamboat from Cincinnati down the Ohio River and up 
the Mississippi River as far as Burlington, Iowa, where he purchased 
a team and wagon to continue his voyage, as there were no railroads 
further west. He and a companion crossed the country and bought 
the farm whei'e he now I'esides in Section 4, Dahlonega Township, 
Wapello County, Iowa. He pui'chased this farm of 222 acres at $10 
an acre ;in(l he met with great success being a prosperous fai'mei'. At 
present he eouhl sell it at $100 an acre, lie is ninety-two years of age 
iiiid can i-ead without glasses and is apparently in good lu^alth. To 
this iniion was horn thii'tecn children. 

1. riiilip II. Sehertz, born December 22, 185<S. He is unmarried 
and lives at the pai-ental home. 

2. Katharine, born February 22, 1859. She married John IT. 
Brown at Ottumwa, Iowa, March 12, 1881. To this union were twelve 
children. Pour deceased. The living are : — 

1. Julia Elisa Brown, born November 1, 1882. Married to Andrew 
(xilbert. To this union was born two children. 

1. Anna Mae Gilbert. 

2. Laren Gilbert. 

They reside on a farm near Tecamah, Nebraska. 

2. James Buckner Brown, born October 29, 1884. 
■■l Metta Junie Brown, born October 29, 1887. 

4. Phoebe BroAvn, born January 26, 1889. 

5. William Brown, hoiii February 25, 1896. 

6. Gladys Mary l)i'own, boni December 5, 1901. 

John II. Hi'own and family reside at pivsent on a fai'm near 
Stuart, Neb. 

3. Theresia Schert/, horn April 27, 1860, unmarried, see bio- 
graphy. 

4. Andrew Sehertz, born October 29, 1861. Died in infancy. 



236 GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY, 

5. IMcitilda Schertz, l)()ni Septeiiil)er 21, 1862. AVas united in 
iiiairia^c to (i. 1). Robei-tson, September 24, 1884. To this union five 
I'hildren wcce born, as follows (see biography) : — 

1. Joseph Robertson, l)oi-n July 26, 1885. 

2. Lizzie Robertson, born December 7, 1888. 

3. William Robertson. l)orn Jaiuiary 4, 1892. 

4. Huth Robertson, l)orn June (i, 1901. 

."). Kai'l Hol)erts()n, hoi'ii Xovciiiix'r 10, 1902. 
(See bioiira])hy.) 

6. Elizabclli Schci'tz, l)oi-ii Dcccmbci- 9, 1864, and died A|)i-il 
28, 1894. 

7. Phoel)e, born June 2, 18(56. She was uiiitcxl in iiiaiTJa'^c to 
Charles W. Young, December 31, 1890. They reside at Stillwater, 
Oklahoma, 'i'o this union was boi'u six children. 

1. Keinieth Roscoe Young, hoiii J\uie 5, 1892. 

2. Joseph Evei-«4 Young, horn DeeemlxM- :!1, 1S94. 

3. Ti-issie Elizabelli born August 30, 1895. 

4. Verle Louisa, boi'ii Xovenibei' 9, 1899. 
f). John (laylord, boi'u July 12, 1901. 

6. P.al)y hoy, Ix.rn March 10, 1904. 

8. Joseph ('. Sehei'tz, born June 22, 1868. See biogra[)hy. 

9. Louisa, horn January 9, 1872. She was united in marriage 1o 
Samuel Dimmitt. who was born Oetobei- 2."), 1866. They have six 

children : 

1. liari-y Dinunill, born Oelobei- 1!), 1891. 

2. Austin Dinunitt. l)orn .May 6, 1894. 

;5. Hazel Dimmitt, born Januai-y (i, 1896. 

4. Hex Trban Dimmitt, born Decemhei- (>, 1898. 

5. Louisa Dimmitt, born October 8, 1900. 

6. Merle Dimmitt. born July 23, 1})03. 

10. Caroline Schertz, born January 22, 187"). T^umarried, is in 
St. Louis, .Missoui'i, as stenographei- and typewritei" at the World's 

Fair. 

11. Flora Sch(M-tz, born August 30, 1877. ITumarried, is at pres- 
ent in Chicago, fll. She is manager of a millinery establishment. 

12. Jiuiie .Mae. born December 7, 1880. Unmarried, lives at the 
parental home. Three children died in infancy. 



GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY, 237 

THERESIA E, SCHERTZ 

'Jlieresia E. Schei'tz was Ijoni .Vpi'il 27. 18tJ0. She rciiuiiiicd at 
home until she was eijihteen years of age. Being the third child of a 
large family her education was limited. 

8he learned the millinery trach' in Oltnmwa. Iowa, and whilr 
learning had to woi'k six hkmiIIis without pay. She rcniaincd in ( )t- 
tumwa for two years, when she engaged in the business lor hei-self at 
Fairfield, Iowa. Laboring under advei'se cii'cnm.stances did not dis- 
courage her in the least, her oidy ambition being to make the business 
a sueeess, which she did in a few years by establishing the leading 
millinery in the town. She was iievei" too busy to lend a helping hand 
to others less fortunate than hei'self. 

In 1897, meeting with a favorable o|)|)ort unity, she decided to sell 
out her l)usiness. Since then she has had the charge and management 
of several millinery establishments, which slie has conducte^l success- 
fully. 

In 188;"), while at Fairfield, she was converted and united with the 
Bapti.st Church antl has been a faithful member ever since. 

She has remained single and makes Fairfield her home. 



JOSEPH C, SCHERTZ 

Jose])li ('. Schei'tz was born Jinie 22, 1868. at his father's home in 
Dahlonega Townshij). lleic he remained until he reached his major- 
ity, receiving a conniion school education, lie then attended Mrs. 
Peck's Normal School. 

He represented the International Publishing Company, traveling 
through Iowa. P>astern Illinois, Minnesota and South Dakota. He 
attended the Iowa State Normal School at Cedar P'alls, and was a suc- 
cessful teacher, being engaged in active school work for eleven yeai's. 

April 19, 1899, he was united in marriage to Nina Elsie IMcCoy. 
She was born August 15, 1877. To this union two children were horn. 

Roscoe, born ]\Iay 19, 1901. 

Vera Evelyne, born November 30, 1903. 

Mr. Joseph C. Schertz and family reside on a farm adjoining his 
father's farm. 



238 GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 



MATHILDA SCHERTZ-ROBERTSON 

.M;i1il(l;i. Sclici'lz, tlic (hiu^lilcr of -loscpli jiiid I'licbe (Ritleri 
Schertz, whs iiuifi-it^tl to (icciryc 1). Kohci-tson on Sei)tpiiih(M- 24-, 1884. 
Five children i-esulted from tliis union, as follows: Joseph 1)., Eliza- 
beth, AVilliani II.. Ruth and Earl. 

George U. Robertson is one of the progressive farmers of Wapello 
County, Iowa. He owns a farm of thi-ee hundred acres, and is engaged 
in farming and stock raising. 

He was born in Highland Township, Wapello County, Iowa, Janu- 
ary 11, 1854, and is the son of William and Elizabeth Robertson. 

William Robertson, father of the subject of this sketch, was boi-n 
in Perry County, Indiana, in 1820. He moved to Iowa with his father 
in 184;-5, and entered eighty acres of land from llic (iovernment in Sec- 
tion 29, Highland Township, where lie was engaged in farming for a 
number of years. At present he is living a i-etired life in Ottumwa. 

George D. Robertson lived in the vicinity of his present home. 
After receiving a common school education, he took a commercial 
course in the Ottumwa Business College and graduated from that in- 
stitution in 1878, and then returned to his father's farm to engage in 
farming. He is now engaged in farming, and also given much time 
and attention to the raising of Poland China Hogs, in which industry 
he has been very successful. Mr. Robei-tson takes great interest in 
rearing good draft liorses, and is a patron of the American Draft 
Horse Breeders' Association: also, a stockholder in the Standard 
Poland China Record Association, of Maryville, Mo. 

Mr. and Mi-s. Kobertson ar(> memlxn-s of the Baptist Church. 
Fraternallv Mr. Robertson is a nieml)er of the Odd Fellows' Order. 



GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 239 

ELIZABETH RITTER-MEIER 

Daughter of John Philip and Katharine Rittcr 

HIizabi'th, ciylilh rliikl ol" .lohn IMiilip ;iiul Kathiiriiu' Hitter, of 
Bri'uniiiweiler, Gei'iiiany, was horn July 1."), 188!). Came to America 
with her parents in the year 1S57. Slie lived with them till Septem- 
ber 28, 1858. when she was married to George ]\leier, who was born 
October 1. 1823. in Katholsburg, near Nuernberg, Germany. Meier 
came to America in 1848 and worked in Ohio four years on a farm, 
after which he emigrated to the State of Iowa, which was then a new 
country. Bought 80 acres of land in Keokuk County, Benton Town- 
ship, he living alone five years on his farm until he married. After 
they were mai-ried six years, in the year 18H4, he was di-afted into the 
Ignited States army, leaving his wife and two childivn, serving as a 
soldier nine months. During this time he met with many hardships, 
traveling through nearly all the Southern States. He was in several 
skirmishes including the Kinston battle. After the war was ended he 
returned home to his fainily and pursued farming and stockraising, 
and added 360 acres more land to their farm. After years they 
sold some of this land and divided among the children. They lived on 
this farm until 1893, when they moved to the town of Hedrick, Iowa, 
and lived there one year, moving back to their old home where they 
now reside. George Meier is a good husband and kind father. He is 
eighty years old and very active yet. aiul can read without glasses. In 
the fall of 1!)()3 he took a ti'ip thi'ough Missoiu'i to several cities, in- 
cluding St. Louis, where he saw them building for the exposition. 
Elizabeth is a good wife and mother, much devoted to her husband and 
children. To this union were born eleven children. Four died in in- 
fancy. Those living were : — 

1. George, born AugiLst 5, 1859. He married Ida K. Bennett, 
who was born August 27. 1867. They were married March 10, 1887. 
They had four children. One died in infancy. Those living are :— 

1. Lona, born August 27, 1885. 

2. Jennie, born March 1, 1893. 

3. Clyde B., born January 13, 1899. 



\ 



240 



GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 



'2. Philip, horn Xovciiihcr 4. 1867. lie iiuii'ricd Katharine Kiel- 
kopt', September 26, 1889. They liad six children, two died in infancy. 
Those living ;ire : — 

1. -lohn Ilcni'v. hoi'ii August 12. ISDO. 

2. •Ijicoh, hoi'n I )i'('('inhci' 7. 1S!)6. 

■ ! ;iii(| 4. ('h;iflic ;im(I Harry, horn I )rccinhtn' 2."), 11)01. 

3. l'"rc(l('ri('k. horn Api-il 4, 1S67. Jli' inai'ricd Aniui Denser, 
who was horn ()(*1oher (i, 1S7;^ They were married l^'ehiaiary 22, 181);}. 
They had three ehildi-en. ()ne(lie(l in inl'ancy. Those living : — 

1. Floyd v.. hoi-ii Oetohei' S. 18!)4. 

2. Fern Iv. horn Oetohei' 16. 1S!)7. 

4. 4'heresa. horn Fehrnary 12. 1872. was married to (ieoi'ge Snicr 
wlio was hoi'ii ()ctoher 1, iS(il). They wei'e mari'ied .May 20. I'-^IM. 
They had seven children, as Follows: — 

1. Ilari-y. hoi'n .Inne 2. 18!)2. 

2. Karl, hoi'ii Octolx'r 2, 1893. 

3. Evaline. hoiai .'5. 1S!)5. 

4. Hlanche May. horn May 27, 18!)7. 

5. Alice Velna. horn A|)i-il !». 18!)1». 

(;. die Opal, horn Mai-eh 23. 1901. 

7. Daisy (Jenevieve. horn April 8, 19();3. 

They reside in Keokuk' Connly. Iowa. 

5. JMatilda .M.. horn -Inne 6. 187(). was mai'rii'd 1o l>enj. 1). Wik 
lianis who was horn -lainiary 18, 1875. They were mai'ried Alareh If), 
189!). They have no ehildren. 

6. William, horn Angnst 19, 1878. I'limarried. lieves at home. 

7. iionise, born dannary 2(i, 188*J. I 'nmai-i-ie(l. lives al home. 
All these ehildren have wcll-impi'ovrd I'arms of their own and all 

live in Keokuk ('onnty, Iowa, except one daughter, Theresa, she lives 
in Wai)ello Connty. neai- tlu' new town of Farson. 



L 





GEORGE MEIER, and his wife, ELIZABETH RITTER-MEIER, 
of Hedrick. Keokuk County, Iowa. 



GENEALOGY OF 'I'lIE KlTTEli FAMILY. 243 



AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF ANDREW RITTER 

The Ninth Child of Johann Philip and Catharine Ritter 

Andrew liiltci', llic iiiiilli child ol' .)oli;itiii I'liilip ;iiid (Catharine. 
K'ittcr was born at Hrciiiii^^wcilci", Ijavaria, (ici'niaiiy. where lie lived 
until sixteen years of age. lie came with his parents to America in 
the year of 1857. 

Here I w^ant to make a few remarks about our trip. We had a big 
sailship, the "lialephazis. " She carried 960 passengers. We hired an 
extra room besides the captain's room, so we were not crowded so much. 
After being' on board al^out twenty days, we liad an old lady to die. 
In the evening about dark, they l)uckled her on a board and slid her 
out in the sea, and the big Hsh being about the ship soon ate her u|). 
A few days later my sister Theresia was taken sick and died, at least 
the doctor* said she was dead and laid her out five hours. When the 
sailors were about to buckle her on a board, my good mother com- 
menced shaking her and crying and praying for the good Lord to give 
lier child back, and she came to and the doctor came and gave her some 
medicine and she was soon well again, and you will see her sketch on 
another page in this book. 

We were forty-two days on the ship. When w^e got to New York, 
I went with my father to the bank to draw^ forty-five hundred dollars. 
This was what our check called for, and it was given to us in twenty 
dollar gold pieces. The gold was piled up from the floor to the ceiling, 
and I remember telling the banker that the people would not need to 
work if there was so much money, but I soon found out different. We 
had to carry that gold from New York to Iowa. That was in gold 
standard times. 

We came by railroad to Burlington, Iowa, and there being no rail- 
road from there, we had to buy a team to take our goods, and the fam- 
ily had to walk most of the way. This was a distance of about 85 miles. 
We landed near Ottumwa, Iowa, and at that time the town had less 
than 500 inhabitants. 

We bought eighty acres of land and all the stock and machinery 
that the man had except his team^ and we had bought a span of horses. 



244 GENEALOGY OF TlJIi RITTER FAMILY. 

pjiyiiiu' $;!()(l ill j^old Tor llicm, ;m(l they were both ^ood enough to die 
tli(^ fii'st year. '^^I'heii we paid ^l.")!) foe a, yoke of oxen which were good 
on the t'ai'iii. W(^ wei-e llicii in need of liai'ness, wagon and a cooking 
stove, wliicli we sent our hi'othci- John 1o ICeoIsuk' to ])ny. 'I'his was a. 
distance of eiuiity miles, and it look liini a week to make the trip. 

We worked logelliei- on I lie I'ai'm until I was past twenty-four 
yeai's of age, wlien I bought a farm I'oi' myseif of I'JO acres of land. T 
was then married to Ijouisa \V. Staedlei-. She was horn October 6, 
1S44, at Frankford on the ( )(ler, and came with her parents to America 
in 1857. 

Andrew flitter in f87() took a trip to Phihuh'lphi;), Pa., to the 
Centennial Exposition, lie started from Ottumwa at 7 o'clock in the 
moi'iiing, and landed the next evening at 6 o'clock in Philadelphia, go- 
ing some of the time at the rate of 70 mil(\s an houi". lie had the honor 
of going through the Independence Hall and sitting in the chair ^vhieh 
oni" lirst President, George Washington, used at his home, and also 
of seeing the Liberty Bell that gave the first sound for liberty. ()ur 
cousin, P. J. Ritter, and Ins good wife entertained him very good, and 
took' a great deal of pains to show him everything worth seeing. 

In 1SS8 he took a trip out West looking for a new home. After 
looking two weeks, he bought 160 acres near Sioux City, Iowa. That 
was the o[)ening of a new field, for eight of his neighbors started a little 
while afterward, and all bought land from $5 to $8 per acre. The land 
in the course of fifteen years was worth from $50 to $80 per acre. 
Andrew kept his laiul for four years, and then sold it for double what 
lie gave for it. Tak'ing three moi'e 1 rii)s west, he bought 140 acres more 
land, w liicli was I he home |) lace o I' 1 he party tliat sold the land. Tie also 
sold this land and made good profit on it. 

In 1898 he went to the World's Fail- at Chicago, and also made two 
trips to Ohio, the last in the fall of 1903, in company with his brother 
Daniel. 

In the year 1890 Andrew's health failed and the family thought 
best to move to the town of Hedrick, so they bought a nice home, and 
after moviiig and getting well settled his wife was taken sick and died. 
She lived only eleven months in her new home, and left a family of 




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gknl;alogy op the ritter fa mil y. 247 

seven children and a heart-broken husband. The three oldest were old 
jenoiiji'h to take care of themselves. After living in Hedrick he thought 
it would not pay t(» rent the farm, so lie sold all the land, taking some 
property in exchange, lie rented the property and loaned the rest of 
the money at interest; but having several fires, he had considerable 
loss. After the twin daughters were married he concluded to give up 
housekeeping; he divided the household goods among his children, and 
is now living with them and his friends. In the past fourteen years 
the ilicunial ism and calarrli has pai'tly destroyed his hearing, making 
him unfit for any husincss. The following children were born to them: 

Frederick Willinm, horn Xovrmljei* 21, 1866. 

Henry E., Ix.rn September 15, 1868; died July 21, 1870. 

John Andrew, born February 28, 1871. 

George Washington, horn December 12, 187;-). 

Herman Josepli, hoiii July 1, 1875; ilird .lun»- A, 1878. 

Alhcil. horn I ).'(M'nih('r 20, 1877; died Fehruai-y 16, U)();5. 

.\l;iri;i ("atharinc, horn May 15, 1882. 

Aliiniic May, horn May 15, 1882. 

l-''r<ink N'alcntinc. horn Kehi'uai'y 14, 188S; unmarried. 

(Jeorge Washington was married to Daisy Mannette, who was born 
^lai-ch 26, 1875. They have four childi-en and live neai- Maple City, 
Kansas. 

1. Hazel Louisa, hoi-n October 7, 1895. 

2. Maudie ]\Iorine, born September 28, 1897. 

:i HaljJi Mannette, l)orn July 15, 1899, and died March 15. 

1904. 
4. Abner Ray, born February 26, 1902. 

Albert Ritter was married to Allie Mowery, October 19, 1897. He 
died Fehi-uai-y Ki, 190:5. They had no children. 

Mary Catharine was mai-ried to Lincoln Saner, son of (ieorge 
Sauei-, December 7, 1898. He was of Wapello County, Iowa, and was 
horn .Xoveniber 14, 1876. They have three children and live in Keoknlc 
( 'oniilw iie;ir Delta. 

P.eriiJird, horn Oetol)er 28, 1899. 
Teddy l»'.. hoi-n .Inly 2S, 1!)()1. 
Maudie Mav, horn July :!!». 1:m);!. 



248 GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 

Minnie May, twin sister of ^Nlary Catharine was married to Charles 
Saner, December 1, 18D8, also son of George Saner and brother of Lin- 
coln Sanei". Thev have two children. They live on a farm near Ot- 
tnmwa, Iowa. The names of the children are: — 
Lena Lnis, born April 13, 1899. 
(Jeoi'oe Andrew, born Jnne 19, 1901. 

(Jeorge SMuei*. fathei- of I'liili]), Lincoln and (!(^or<ie Saner, that 
iiian-ied into tlic IJillei' family, is a relation of Ihe Hitter family. His 
mo11iei-'s name was Sclii-eiiiei" before mafriage and horn at Watten- 
hciiii of tile same raiiiily as our .ui-eat-uraiidmolher Eva Sehreiner. 
We ri-e(|iieii1 ly visited each other in (iermaiiy. and the wi'iter was well 
ae(|uaiii1ed with (ieoi-<i-e Saner and all liis brothers and sisters when 
we all were vei'V vounu' vet. 




ANDREW RITTER'S FAMILY, Hedrick, la. 



GENEALOGY OP THE RITTER FAMILY. 251 



FREDERICK WILLIAM RITTER 

Son of Andrew Ritter from Keokuk County, Iowa 

Frederick William Ritter, son of Andrew and Louisa Ritter, born 
NovenilxM' iM, IStiii, in Keokuk County, Iowa, stayed at home on the 
farm in tiic same coiiuty till he was nineteen years old, when he went 
to OttumwM. September 28, 1887, to leani tlu' tinsmiths trade. He got a 
front room position the first week and kept it and worked in the tinshop 
between times for two years. On October 14, 1889, he went to the town 
of Hedrick, Iowa, in his old county, where he was born. On October 15, 
1889, he went in the hardware business in partnership with W. M. 
Owen and was with him seven years in which time they bought one lot, 
22 X 115 feet, on the main sti'eet next to theii- store room where they 
Wert' (loinij l)usiness to give them more i-ooni. At the time of their dis- 
solution in 189() lie bought the entii'e stock, building and lots. After 
whieh he luiilt on the one lot a good substantial bi'ick building, 22 x 80, 
two-story and a basement inider all, etjuipped with elevator and modern 
improvements for tloing hardwMi-e luisiness. This in eonneetiou with the 
old store building gave him tine facilities for carrying on business. On 
April 1, 1898, he sold one-half interest in his business to Lafayette 
Dudgeon. After that the style of the firm was Ritter & Dudgeon, as it 
is at "this date, April 18, 1905. The firm found themselves crowded for 
room, so tliey ])ouglit a lot across the alley in rear from their store, 60 x 
92, with ;i -VI x ."^2 barn on one end and on the othcM' they erected a 40 x 
60 feet wareroom to take care of their bulky goods and keep them all 
under sheltei-. Mr. Dudgeon is not an active member of the firm, so F. 
AV. liittei- has the full management of the business. They employ three 
steady salesmen and one lady bookkeeper and cariy at this writing 
hardware, stoves, cooking utensils, buggies, wagons, harness, windmills, 
pumps, paints, glass, field fence and etc. They do all kinds of tin and 
pipe work and ai-e using at this time 12,200 feet fioor space for their 
business, in 1892 he bought I'oui' resident town lots on which he built 
a house in 1,S95 wliei'e he now lives, in 1904 he bought four adjoining 
lots, lie has (lone some little 1ra\'eling in his life at different times. 
The first little trij) was to ( 'hieago to the (Jreat .Mel ropolisand Hub of 



252 



GENEALOGY OP THE RITTER FAMILY. 



Uic West, in lilt' f:ill <>f 18S8. the week l)c'f()iv the olcction of Orover 
ClrvelniKl f..r IMvsideiit of the Vu\U'd States. At this time he wit- 
nessed tlie .greatest iiolitieal fallies ever known or seen in Chiea^o. 
P>()th political pai'lies hein- .■e])resente(l in its best dress, one in 
the afternoon and th.^ other in tlie .-venin-. After this he made several 
business trips 1o ("hicaoo, St. Lonis. Peoria, Rock Island, Des ^Toines, 
etc. One important trip was to the Colnmhian Exposition at Chiea-o 
in lS!):i. Dni-in-- Ihis lime li." -ot well ae(|uain1ed with Kmma P.ayer, 
,d' Cincinnati. Ohio. Thr -ivatesl Irip he <'ver made was 1.. Cincin- 
„;,1i. Ohi... when' he was married 1«. Kmma leaver Hie I'.Olli day ..I" dan- 
u;iry. 1S!I4. Knmia Hayei- was a widow. Ii.m- maiden name was MarU- 
uraf, widow of Philip liayer. who tiad ..ne s..n. ("has. P. liayer. live 
y.-nrs old. when tluy were married. To Ihem was horn ihree children, 
"iwo died in infancy and one livin- (i.'or-e Andr.-w. horn .May If,, 
l,S!)(i. On dannai-y 1:4. PH)1. he took his wife and son (ieorue and left 
in <.nmpany with s<.m.' of their friends for a trip to Oali fornia. -oin- to 
Kansas City over the .MilwanUe.' and St. Paul Uailn.ad. fmiii th.Mv 
„ver the Santa Fr Pailroad which affords a -reat deal of line scenery, 
Ihatis.piitea treat to any one that never went over so hi- a sc.pe of ter- 
ritory and see tlu' -reat difTerence of country as nature formed it. 
They left home in the cold winter night and in only a few hours as it 
seemed, they land.'d in the summer land Oalifornia where they were 
pi,-kin- oranges. The Hrst stop they made was at Ppland where they 
visited .some of th.'ir friends and had the pleasure ..f picking good ripe 
oranges from the trees. They have some very tine .)range groves at 
Upland. From there they went to Los Angeles, looked over the city 
f..r a day. then went on to San Diego, their destination, where they 
stayed for four weeks, during which time they made a trip tlmmgh 
Mexico. Tli.w saw the landmark that divides th.' Pnited States from 
Mexico. From San Diego they went by steamship to Los Angeles and 
stayed there two weeks, then to San Francisco by steamship, stayed a 
few days, then cam.' home by the way of Salt Lake City and Denver, 
„„,> of the lincst scenic routes in the I'nited States. It is certainly won- 
,1,.,-ful to s.'c natinv's formations in that country. They wre gone 
just two months on this trip. In lh<' sprin-. of PIO:! lie took a little 
recreation trip with a frieiul, C. O. Bowen, to Colora.l.. Sprin-s. from 





FREDERICK WILLIAM RITTER, and wife. EMMA MARGRAF-RITTER, 

of Hedrick, la. 



GENEALOGY OP THE RITTER FAMILY. 255 

there to Pueblo; they enjoyed the climate, scenery and Manitou 
Spring water hugely. 

Oue of the greatest pleasures they luul in Colorado Springs was 
bicycle riding. They had cnch a wheel, so they (rould ride on the fine 
streets, viewing the many fine mansions and elegant public buildings. 
Colorado Springs is a very rich city having many millionaii-es. While 
in Colorado Springs they went thi-ough North and South Cheyenne 
Canyon, went to see the seven falls and Helen Hunt's grave. They 
had the pleasure of seeing a part of the construction of the cogwheel 
road that runs up Pike's Peak while they were there. There was too 
much snow on the Peak to go up ; the road was not running at that time. 
It was a very fine scene to look at the Peak when it was covered with 
snow and the sun shone on it. Frederick William Ritter has served 
2-3 year terms as a member of City Councils, and was elected for an- 
other 'S year term, March 28, 1904, at the same time he was elected a 
member of the school board for a three vear term in the town of Hed- 
rick. Iowa. In February, 1903, was elected a member of the Grievance 
Connnittee of the Retail Hardware Dealers' Association. In February, 
1904, was elected a director of the same association. In February, 
1904, was appointed a member of the Finance Committee of the Hed- 
rick Business Men's Association. 



256 GENEALOGY OF THE KITTEK FAMILY. 



JOHN ANDREW RITTER 

From Keokuk County, Iowa. 

John .\ii(li-('\\ K'iltri'. Iliird son ol" Andrew liittcr, was horn Feb- 
I'uai'y 2S, 1S71, in Keokuk County. Iowa. Tie lahoi-ed for his fatlier on 
the fa I'll! to tlie age of nineteen, and tlien lie went to do for liiniself, 
lie Jabored on a fai'ni for two years and then eonniieneed farniini;- on 
his own aeeount. lie leased his father s farm foi- 1 wo years. 

On .January 1, 18!K}, lie was united in marriage to Miss (Jei'trude 
Floi-enee I*ahner. She was horn December 8, 1874, in Keokulc County, 
Iowa. They lived on his falhei- s farm for one year, and tlu'i'e he pur- 
chased a farm of KiO aei'es from her father. To this union was l)oi-n a 
danghtei', Audrey, September 8, 1896, and died October 3, 1896. After 
this his wife's health failed and she died JMarcli 1, 1897. 

In September he went to the Omaha Exposition, and he enjoyed it 
very nuich. 

On December 22, 1898, he was again united in marriage to Miss 
Maggie Hart, who was born September 21, 1870, in Peoria County, 111. 
There was l)orn to tliis union two da.ngliters : — 

Ruth Eunice, boi-n June 30, 1900. 

Lillie Louise, boi'n March 7, 1904; died March 8, 1904. 

In the Tall ol' l!HI2 h<' and his family biok a 1ri|) !(• South Dakota, 
and no1 earing nnieli for that count rv- they decided to return to Iowa. 

In the fall of r.M):! IJiey went to Missouri looking for better oppor- 
tunities, returning to Iowa, it was the best Tor them, and they still live 
on their fai'm, also dealing in live stock. 



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WILLIAM RITTER, and wife, LOUISA S. RITTER, of Huron, South Dakota. 



GENEALOGY OP THE RITTER FAMILY. 259 



BIOGRAPHY OF WILLIAM RITTER 

Wilhelm Kitter was boni in Breunigweiler, July 6, 1843. He eaine 
to America with liis parents in 1857 to Keokuk County, Towa. In 
August, 18()7, lie went to Cineinnati, Ohio. While there he made the 
ac(iuaintance of Louisa Schwartzei, of Bridgetown, Hamilton County, 
Ohio, and married her on the 19th day of November, 1868. Then they 
went back to Keokuk County. Iowa, and settled on a farm, where he 
lived until April. 1002. He then removed to the farm, three miles from 
Huron, S. D. To this union ten children were born, tive boys and five 
girls: — 

Philip, born October 17, 1869; died October 21, 1869. 
Katherine Philipina, born October 27. 1870 ; died December 13. 
1900. 

George Edward, born December 5, 1872 ; died January 27, 1901. 

Emma, born February 28, 1875 : died January 3, 1898. 

Elizabeth, born August 20, 1877; died March 11, 1897. 

Wilhelm, born April 18, 1880 ; died November 14, 1900. 

Louis Jacob, born January 28, 1883 ; died. 

Otto Fritz, born June 26, 1885. 

Lucy, born November 16, 1887, living with his father. 

Anna Carolina, born February 21, 1891, living with her father. 

Mr. AVilliam Ritter, of Breunigweiler, had a good start in life, and 
was the possessor of a nice farm in Keokuk County, Iowa. He, his 
wife and children enjoyed good health for many years until his wife 
died, and then one or two of the children died shortly afterward. The 
disease germs of tuberculasis seemed to have permeated the house that 
he lived in until nearly all of the family died with the exception of 
himself and the two youngest children, and he concluded to leave or 
sell his farm and move to another part of the country. 

He found a very nice farm of 320 acres three miles from Huron, 
South Dakota, that he purchased in 1901 and is residing there, and he 
and his children are enjoying good health. 



260 GENEALOGY OP THE HITTER FAMILY. 



KATHARINE RITTER-KUEHLKOPF 

Daughter of John Philip Ritter 

KMlhiiriiir (K'itlcr) l\iiclill<(.i)l'. <1;iii'_;IiI<t <.!' .I<»liii IMiilip Hitter, 
of Bivnnigwt'ilt'f. \v;is burn .Ahirdi 1, iSb"). (Mine Id this coiinli-y with 
her pnrcnts ;iii(l then Jocated on ;i rnriii in Ivcnkiik County, iowiL 
wliei-e she remained with her parents niitil she unt married. She mar- 
ried -John Kuehlkopf in 1862. Mr. Kuehlkopf was l)orn in Wuerttem- 
berg in 1832, Germany. :\Ir. Knehlk()i)f emiui-ated to the United 
States, April 25, 1857, taking a passage on the sailing vessel, being 
forty-seven days on the ocean. He landed in New V(»i-k ("ity and im- 
mediately proceeded westward to Ottnmwa, Iowa, where he located 
upon a ]-ented farm and occn])ied it two years, lie then moved into 
Monroe Connty, where he Ix.ught eighty aeivs of hind and lived there 
three years until he got married and then they reuiaiiK'd there two 
years until 18H2. He then sold out and, coming into Wapello County, 
l»ui-ehased eighty acres on section five in Highland Township, which 
he occupied since that time. He has greatly imi)rove(l the oi-ignial 
condition of his ])nrchase and now has a good I'aiiii with comfortable 
residence and all necessary outbuildings. The snb.jcM't of this .sketch 
was mai-i-ied in 1862 to J. K. They were the happy parents of thir- 
teen childreiL a.s folloAVS: — 

1. Elizabeth, born March 20. 1864, became the wife ol' Peter Kling, 
of lligidand Township, i'etei- Kling was born in Chicago, Illinois, in 
1861, 12th ol' .laiiiiary. he moved with his p;iiviils to Wajx'llo County, 
Iowa, near Highland Centre. To Iheiii was born seven chihlren. 

1. Cbira Kliim, born August l!», 1885; Clara, mai-ried Clar- 

ence l;ynch, August 22, 1902. Clara has no children. 

2. Anna Kling was born November 28, 1887. 
8. Cai'rie Kling was boiai dune 3, 181)0. 

4. Minnie Kling was born Felu'uary 7, 1898. 

5. John Kling was born October, 1895. 

6. Evalena Kling was born July 3, 1898. 

7. Frank Kling was born February 5, 1901. 



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GENEALOGY OF THE RITTER FAMILY. 263 

2. Katherine, second daughter of Katherine Ritter-Kiiehlkopf 
was born September 7, 1866, married Philip Meier, September 26, 1889. 
They had six children, two died in infancy. Those living are : — 

1. John Henry Meier, boi'n August 12, 1890. 

2. Jacob Meier, born December 7, 1896. 

3. Charlie ^leier, born December 25, 1901. 

4. Harry ]\Ieier, born December 25, 1901, 

3. John B. Kuehlkopt' was horn October 30, 1868. I'nuuirried, 
lives at Merrill, Iowa. 

4. Chira TlieresiM Knchlkopi". born :^ray 1, 1870. She married 
Fi'ancis William Dariici-, March 9, 1886. They had eight children, two 
(lied ill infancy. Those who are living are:^ 

1. Joseph Andrew Darner, boi-n December 19, 1886. 

2. Lulu J. Danier. boi-n August, 7, 1890. 

3. Philip Byron Darnei-, born May 20. 1895. 

4. John Jennings Darner, hoi-n September 4, 1897. 

5. Mamie p]llen Dai'utM', hoin Deeember 8, 1899. 

6. Francis William Darner, born .May 15, 1902. 

Frank W. Darner and his wife are living in Ottumwa. Mr. F. W. 
Darner is in the business of buying and selling real estate and has been 
very successful. 

5. Ennua Kuehlkopf, born Ai)ril 19, 1872. She married Christian 
iJeusei', Novembei' 14, 1895. Christian Denser was horn May 6, 1868, 
In Wapello County. Hiey live on a farm neai' Martinshurg. They have 
two ehildren. 

1. Carl Henry Denser, born April 3, 1897. 

2. John Lewis Denser, born September 14, 1900. 

6. William Kuehlkopf, born November 20, 1875. He married 
.Nellie Florence Sheets, February 14, 1897. 

Nellie Florence Sheets was l)orn January 20, 1881. They have two 
ehildi'en : — 

1. Pansy Gladys. Ix.rn November 29, 1899. 

2. Lily Florence, boi-n :\Iai-ch 30, 1903. 
They reside on a farm near Highland Centre. 

7. Charles Edward Kuehlkoj)!' was born ( )etol)er IS, 1S7!). 

8. Philip Kuehlkopf was boi-n Septemlx-r 19, 1882. 



264 



GENEALOGY OF THE RlTTER FAMILY. 



. 9. Leonard Henry Kuehlkopf was honi October 8, 1884. 
10. Edith Victoria Kuehlkopf was born INIay 25, 1889. 

These last four are unmarried and live at home on the farm. 
Philipine and Jacob died in infancy, (leorge Kuehlkopf was l)oni 
Xov(Mnber 9, 1877, died November ti. 1SS1>. 

J. and C'athariue Kuehlkopf havf ten cliildrcu, twenty-one grand- 
children. Mr. and Mrs. Kuehlkopf arc members of tlie Lutheran 
Church, of which .Mr. Kuehlkopf is a trustee. 

Besides the home farm, wliicli consists of 140 acres. Mi-. Kuehlkopf 
has 820 acres of land elsewhere. When he eanie to this country' he 
was p(»or in pnrse, bnt rich in enei''/\' and in deternnnation, and he 
has been amply rewarded for his yi^ars of hihor and fi'ugality. He 
takes intelligent interest in all matters ])eiiaining to the welfare of 
his ecmntry, is the friend of educalion and |)i'ogress and takes very 
much interest in farming. Mr. and .\lis. Kuehlkopf took a trij) to 
Chicago, Illinois, to the Woi-ld's Fair, in 1S!I8., whei-e they met with 
their cousin 1'. J. Rittei- and family. Then .Mi-. Kuehlkopf took a ti-ip 
to Muscatine, Iowa, in the year of 1895. lie also went to Bellefontaine, 
Ohio, in 1902, to see his brother -laeoh Kuehlkopf. Mrs. Kuehlkopf 
took a trip to Nebraska, in 1888, to visit hei- daughter Clara and Frank 
Darner and friends there. 



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GENEALOGY OP THE RITTER FAMILY. 261 



MRS. CLARA KUEHLKOPF-DARNER 

And Her Family 

Mrs. Clara T. Kiiehlkopf was boi-n (tii a farm ten miles north of 
the City of (^ttnmwa, J\lay 12, 1870. She spent her chihlhood days in 
the eonniion occupations of fai'iiuM- uii'Is. Dni-inii' about eight months 
of tlie year, from tlie time slie was ei^iht until she was fifteen, she at- 
tended the "Ben Hntlei' School" which was a mile and three-quarters 
away. When she was thirteen years of age she was confirmed in the 
German Lutheran Chureh. March II, 1886, she was united in marriage 
to F. W. Darner, the son of a neighboring farmer. F. W. Darner was 
boi'u NovemlxM- l.'>, 1862, on a farm in Muskingiun County, Ohio, in 
1865 his pai'cnts came to Wapello County, Iowa. They -located on a 
farm adjoining the farm of Mr. John Kuehlkopf. F. W. Darnei' re- 
ceived his education in the district school and in Central University at 
Pells. 

]\Ir. and Mrs. F. W. Darner first rented an eighty acre farm one 
and a half miles from Mr. Kuehlkopf 's. The house on this farm was 
a two room "side up." In March, 1887, they went to Red Willow 
County in southwestern Nebraska, and bought a (luartei- secticm of 
land. Like most people in that western country they lived in a small 
sod house which had no floor. In connnon with other residents of the 
plains they used "buffalo chips" for fuel. The only nuisic they en- 
joyed or had the privilege to enjoy during their stay in Nebraska was 
the howl of the coyotes and the rattle of the rattlesnakes. 

In August of 1888 they decided to return to Iowa, which they did, 
and by so doing, they missed three years of the hard dry times, as the 
clouds refused to rain for the years 1890, 1891 and 1892 in Nebraska. 
In 1889 they rented an eighty acre farm a])out two and a half miles 
from Ml-. Kuehlkopf 's. In 1890 Mi-, and Mrs. Darner uioved into a log- 
house on an eight\' acre place, eight miles northwest of Ottumwa. They 
so prospered in their general farming, as to t)c able to |)Ui'chase a good 
eighty acre farm one mile west of Highland Cenfi-c in 1892. In 1894, 
having sold this place they purchased a qiiaitci- section on Village 



268 



GENEALOGY OP THE RITTER FAMILY. 



Creek, five miles southwest of Ottuimva. Here they resided for two 
years, then removed to South (Htiuiiwa to yive their children the bene- 
fit of the educational advantages of that city. 'Plie first yeai- they 
rented a place and then ])iiilt an eight room fioiise in \vhi<-li tliey still 
live. 

j\Ir. Dai'Uei- engaged in the real eslale and loan business in the 
Bakei' Building, where he is still located, lie has i)i-os|)ei'ed in his 
business and is one of the Direcfoi-s of Ihe Pluenix Ti-usl ('om]»any of 
( )ttumwa, Iowa. 

The following ehildi-en ha\-e been boiai 1o .Mr. and .Mi-s. DrU-ner : — 

Joseph A., boi-n December 11*. lSS(i. 

Judson M.. born Api-il L>, 1S89 : died October IS. 1889. 

Lulu .1.. born August 7, 18!iO. 

Ahin, boi'u -laiuiai-y 15, 1893; died \o\ciiibei- 28, 189(). 

Philip H., born May 20, 189.1. 

-lohn .)., born September 4, 1897. 

Mamie K.. born Deeember S, 1S!)9. 

Flank W., Ix.rn Mav IT). 1902. 



GENEALOGY OP THE RITTER FAMILY. 271 



AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF FREDERICK RITTER 

Son of John Philip Ritter of Breonigweiler 

When about ten years of age, Frederick Ritter left the little town 
of Breunigweiler, in (Jcrinany, and came to America, with my father, 
which took lis a])out two months, landing in Keokuk County, Iowa. My 
father l)ought eighty acres of land on which place he lived the balance 
of his days. I had gone to school in Germany several years and kept 
at the head of my class. After coming to America, I went to a little 
log school-house that stood one-quarter of a mile east of my father's 
house, there I went to the English school and finished my education. 
I stayed at home and worked for my father on his farm until I was 
twenty-four years of age. My father took sick and was called to live 
in a land beyond. January 22, 1871, the time of his death, he made 
a will, appointing me as as executor and administrator which I ac- 
cepted, and filled the place honorably and upright. Then I commenced 
to farm for myself, my mother having her home with me. We lived 
together seventeen years, when, 1888, she was also called to live in the 
land beyond. On September 28, 1871, I was married to Catharine 
Phoebe Holzhauser, who was born in Competine Township, Wapello 
County, Iowa. We have been living on the same place ever since we 
were married, which is the home place of my parents, where I came to 
with my father in 1857, and where 1 have been living ever since we 
came to America, and fai'miug to pretty good success. 

In the year 1898, I went to Chicago to the World's Fair. There 
I saw lots of things I had never seen before and visited my cousin 
Philip J. Ritter and wife, who were staying at Chicago at that time, 
exhibiting their conserved fruits and received the premium on their 
goods. I enjoyed that visit and shall never forget the good time we 
had together. While there at Chicago, I met sevei'al of my relatives 
whom 1 had never met before. I have been trying to live a Christian 
life, but I have, like many other people, done many things that I should 
not have done and left undone things which I should have done, but 
by the grace of God, I will try to make Heaven my home. 



272 GENEALOGY OF TPIE RITTER FAMILY. 

Frederick Ritter, son of John Pliilip Ritter, of Breunigweiler, 
boi-n September 5, 184f). married Catharine Phoehe ITolzhauser, who 
was born Septembei- IM, 1<S53. They were marrie'd September 28, 1871. 
They had eight children: — 

1. Maria Eli/abcth. horn Jiuic 24, 1S72. She married Frank 
|-)('i'g. Tlicy had one cliild named ^laguie M;i1ild;i. ^IrU-in F. luid l)een 
mai'ricd Iwo ycnrs when she died. 

2. ( ';il liarinc .M.. I)()rn Fel)i'nai'\- :{, 1874. She ni;iri'ied IMarcli 11, 
I8!)(i. Philip S;ni('i-, who was l)()rn Muy 21, 1871. They liad three chil- 
dren : — 

1. John Fi-ederick Saner, ])orn April 15, 18!)7. 

2. ]\Iary Fnin Snuer. lun-n Jnly 7, 1899. 

3. Clara Phoebe Sanei-, ])orn Jannary 30, 1902. 

3. I'liili]) J. IJitter, born Jnne 23, 187(). He married Elisabeth 
Haber, of Ascoluso. low;i. She w;is born Fc^bi'iiary 24, 1874. They 
had two children hoi-n 1o thein: — 

1. Frank Fivdei-iek. Ix.rn Novenjber 7, 1!»0(); died in 1904. 

2. Fredei'ick llenr\' who died in inl'jincy. 

4. .Ahiriii ('hris1in;i. horn .March !), 181)7. She nuii-ried Andrew 
Schaefer, of Fairlield. 'I'hey had one child, Katharine Louisa. They 
live near Fairfield, Iowa. 

5. Frederick Henry, born October 14, 1882, lives at home; un- 
mai'i'ied. 

6. Phoelje Theresia, born -July 27, 1885, lives at home; un- 
married. 

7. Chii-a. So|thi;i, horn Octohci- l(i, 1888, lives at home; un- 
nuirried. 

8. Luin dnnie, hoin ( (clohei- 2!l, 1892. 

Frederick ;ind ('ntiiarine I'hoebe Ritter had living, on January 1. 
1904, seven children ;ind live grandchildren. 



GENKAI.OCiV OF TJIE KITTEK KAMJEV 07'> 



THERESIA HOLZHAUSER, nee RITTER 

Youngest Daughter of John Philip Ritter from Breunigweiler 

Thcivsi;i, ycnii-vsl (l;m-li(.M' (.f .J„lii, I'liilip ]{\Urr. Imtii (),-t,.l„.r 
1. 1S4,S. ;it iJiviiiiiuwcilcr. iiijiiTicd Adolpli W. Hol/lijiuscr. Octolx-r 5, 
1S71. He is ciiujincl ill genei-al farming' and stoekraisin-' in ('(.inp,- 
tine Tounship, Wapello County, Iowa, on a farm of 160 acres of well- 
improved land in section 7. Township 73, Range 12. Adolph was born 
in Havre, France, ]\Iarch 25, 1849, while his parents were emigrating 
to America, and i.s a son of George P. and Mary Phoebe (Denser) 
Ilolzhauser. George P. Holzhanser, the father of our sulgect, was 
born ill (icniiaiiy, emigrating to the United States in 1S49. He 
settled in Louisville. Kv., where he remained two years, after which 
he removed to Iowa, where his death occurred at the age of 54. He 
married Mary Phoebe Denser, a native of Germany, and they had four 
children, namely: — 

Christian, who died on shipboard, while enroute to America. 
Adolph W., the subject of the sketch. 

Phoebe, born in 1S4S, married Frederick Ritter and is living in 
Keokuk County. 

John P., born in lS5(i. married Louisa Miller and is living in Coni- 
petine Township, Keokuk County, Iowa. 

Adolph W. Holzliaiisef. tli<- subject of this sketch, came to the 
Cinted States with his paivnls, and removed with lliem I'roiii Ijouisville, 
Ky., to Wapello ('oimly, low;i. ||,. hjis lived (.11 his present farm for a 
number of years, and in addition to farming has been engaged in 
stockraising. II,. luis met with good success in all his undertakings, 
and IS one of progressive farmers of the county. Nine children have 
resulted from this union :^ 

1. Mary C. horn .Inly 17, 1872, married Adam (Jreenig, of Han- 
cock County, 111. They live on a farm of eighty acres of well-improved 
land, is engaged in farming and stockraising. Three children were 
born to them. 



274 GENEALOGY OP THE RITTER FAMILY. 

Emma, boi-ii Pebniary 25, 1874, married Amos Crile, of Jefferson 
Connty, Iowa, bnt now of Wapello. They live on a farm of 160 acres 
of fail" improvements. He is engaged in farming and stockraising. 
One child wns ])()i'ii to this union: — 

Orrie was born March 22, 1899. 

2. Lizzie, born February 4, 1875, married Joseph (Jreiner ana 
lives in "rcri-y. South Dakota, and is enoaged in the drug business. 

8. Clara, born -July 8, 1876, died in infancy. 

4. George P.. boi-n .May 28, 1877, unmarried and is engaged in 
fanning. 

5. John P., born September 29, 1878. unmarried and lives at 
home. 

6. Joseph A., I)()i-n Jauuai-y 11, 1880. died .June 20, 1899. 

7. Charles W., born August 4, 1883, lives in South Dakota. 

8. William 1).. liorn July (5, 1886. Deceased. 

9. IMargaretta F., born July 8, 1889. 

All the family belong to the Lutheran Church and they have many 
warm friends. Politically Adolf W. llolzhauser is a Democrat. 




The five Cousins assembled at Ottumwa, la., June, 1904. 

DANIEL RITTER, PHILIP J. RITTER, 

PHILIP J. RITTER, Cincinnati; FRED. RITTER, ANDREW RITTER. 



Note: VIII- (2), above s 
CAROLINE CUNNINGHAM BE- 
DELL THOMAS obtained an 
M.D. derrroe in 193^ at 
Johns Hopkins University, 
Baltiinore, Md., with higti 
honors. She has been on 
their medical staff ever 
since as one of their I 
outstanding heart spe- 
cialistse She is now a I 
full professor of car- ] 
diology at Johns Hopkins, 
and has received numer- 
ous honors and honorary 
degrees. (Ref.s ^%f^'(^ , 
Bedell Burt, 12/27/7^^.) I 



A Meditation on the Philosophy of Life* 

Natui'e's woi'ks ai'c wonderful, and are seen in all things, whether 
it is a plant, a shruh. a trvv, an insect or an animal — in fact, in all that 
lives. The yi-eatesl of all tliinii's on Earth is fonnd in the laws of Na- 
tiirr for tilt' colli innancc of its kind oi' s|)eeies and its self-preservation. 

The senses of all animal creation hy instinct ai'c alert ant! on the 
outlook for any danj^cr to itself (ti- pi-o^cns' or offspring'. This law of 
self-pi-esei'vation is not only set within against danger from an enemy 
oi- mishap, hnt also for the pi-esiM-vation of their existence, to pi'ovide 
theii' daily food, antl a lu)ine to sleep and rest in, not for a day or week, 
hut foi- an indefinite time. 

This instinct, oi- law of natnre, is also found in man with the idea 
of self-preservation, of daily food, a home and a place to re.st in. In 
man comes the motive to the one that is not so fortunate as to possess a 
home, to provide and become the possessor of a home and also of a 
family. Man must have a motive in life, an object to work foi' or with- 
out he might be wandering aimless around in this world. This one 
motive In-ings ambition and energy in motion and puts physical and 
mental sti"ength to work to obtain the object. Here is where the struggle 
for exist (^nce begins, and every sense in man's head, every nerve and 
muscle in his body is j)ut to work. He ])erseveres and he con([uei"s. He 
has the home and the food, llis tirst ambition has been satisfied. To 
l)e sure it is ;i very plain humt)le home such as ])eo|)le in his circum- 
stances can afford to live in. 

The motive that made him aml)itious and energetic and frugal is 
still active within. It has not stopped its work. It aims higher. It 
gets ideals. It has seen some other man's house and home that is 
much more comfortable than his, has more modern improvements, offers 
better enjoyments to life. To live in such a house requires a better 
income, more of the world's goods, more of its i-eal estate. The tirst 
motive with its ambition and energy and frugality aims highei- now, 
and the powers that won the first battle in life also won the second. 
'f his struggle was not monotonous, with hai'd woi'k as is done l)v a slave, 
n(tr was it a |)leasure — it was done willi an ambition to aim highei", a 
])ower thai exei-ts itself to do ils bes1 and without a strain, it was a 
I'l-ee will with an object to attain. 

In the I'lU'cgoing work, there was another factor that helped to 
make this pari, for the |)reserva1 ion of life, a success. It was the helj) 



278 A MEDITATIOX ON TTIE PTTTT.OSOPHY OF IJFP]. 

of a robust, healthy, i'ruual wife, witli uood coiniiioii sense to assist and 
make the home a happy or.e. Such a wife is the sunshine of the home. 
I lei- loviim smiliuii- fae(^ can |)ro(luee only happiness to her snrround- 
inus and hei- family. Aftei* 1he houi's of daily occupation, man will 
ivst happy in his household (»ii Ihe fruits of his am])itioiis in earlier 
life, knowinu,' that the family is |)rovided for in i-ain\- days. 

By a clear concept ion. an honest purpose, a cheerful disposition, 
and a free will power, tlie first law of Nature, to work for an existence 
can he accomplished with ease, if the (polities exist in a healthy body. 
Self-preservation, the first law of Nature, has been shown by the fore- 
going. 

The next is the second or princii)al law of Natnic to continue the 
species ()!• kind in all life. Of plant, oi- animal, oi- human, by a wise 
law the Ci'eator oF all things has made Ihem male and female in veg- 
et<d)les as well as ill animal life. x\ll arc only one link in a long chain. 
Such is its nature that during the time of blooming the male furnishes 
or fertilizes the blossom, thus giving the germ to the si'('(\ of the future 
plant to re])roduce its kind. Few know oi' suspect that the silk hang- 
ing out of the top of an ear of corn are tubes that c.irry the pollen of 
the mall' eorii to rycry grain of corn on the cob. thus I'ertili/ing the 
germ to reproduce corn, showing how wonderful are the works and 
philosophy of nature. To |)ro(luee good harvest of grain or vegetables 
the aurii'ulturist gets seeds rrom some other, often from a far away 
count i\- to |)lant on his land, because in a very few years, his plants 
have becomi' aecustomed to his soil and the climate and (h^giMierate and 
|)i-(iduee oiil\ inferior crops. 

It is a known fact among agriculturists that jilant life d(\uvnerates 
if planted from the same seed on the sam(> soil. This is also a fact in 
the contiiiu;iiion of animal life, a lact also well known to farmers and 
stock raiseis. They also send to far olT countries to get new blood into 
their stock, thereby improving the stock. People wonder \\'hen they 
see Shetland pony hoi'ses or the ('hinkati(pie Island horses that they 
are not much larger than a goat. AVhy are they so small .' The answer 
is by stockbreeders backward breeding of the same stock and blood. 
To pi event such conditions, the i)eo])le of this country and even the 
governments of Europe are watching the stockraising as a branch of 
iiat ional economy. 

The breedinu' of race horses has been made a srieiice. Two minutes 
;iiid f,.rty secniids a mile was considered fast trotting years ago. At 
1|„. present time, horses have trotted one mile in less than two minutes, 
showing the dirierence ill breeding. The (jiiestion that would arise in 
,,iir mind is what has been (h.ne in the reproducing of Hie human I'ace 
for hi-her standards of the physical or mental man amoiiu- the masses 



A MEDITATION ON THE PHILOSOPHY OF LIFE. 279 

of people. Thr nnswer is that aiiumg the great middle class of people, 
very little. 

The great middle elass ooiistitutes the merchant, the mechanic, the 
artisan, every workei- and i)i-(.dueer of something. This great middle 
("lass is the bone and sinew and pith of any great nation. In this great 
Fnited States we aie not guided or guarded by any law or example in 
the reproduction (.f this great natioiL It is all done by sentiment called 
h)ve. In this sentiment, in many cases, theiv se<-ms to he a yi-eat lack 
of .judgment in the pairing of the male and tVm.-ile. and often they are 
not matched at all. It is ridiculous to see a woman nearly six I'.'ct in 
height and a husband live feet, or a husband six and a half feet in 
height and the woman four and a half. What stockbreeder would match 
his stock in such a maiUKM-. Why does the man or woman not fall in 
love with some one their equal in size and ecpial physically and men- 
tally. A bad feature also is that the ([uestion of health is ignored, also 
that of ancestiy. These are the vital (piestions that should be thought 
of. Is hr (.1- she of healthy, of long lived parents or ancestry? Has he 
or she good health and good sense? 

One more great hindrance to improve the human race is the intei-- 
marrying of blood relations, one generation after anothei-. until the 
whole community b(v^omes degenerate in size, physically and mentally. 

If it IS a good thing to renew your seed of wheat, rye, coi'u and 
potato(^s. and improve your stock by getting new blood into it and assist 
nature to i)roduce only the best, why not do the same with your people, 
regenei-ate youi' race, let your aims be high not low. The motive is a 
veiy worthy one. Let the wisdom of the old guide the young early in 
life. Let your childi-en read and retlect that to marry a healthy, roliust, 
sensil)le man oi- woman would be e(iual to securing a fortune. It shall 
iiK^an a happy healthy (wi.stence during a lifetime, the ideal that all 
the woi-ld is seeking, and very many find it, and to them that find it 
Paradise is not lost. These are the meditations on the philosophy of 
life, its preservation and continuance. An old saying is that "only the 
fittest shall survive" of our descendants. 

To have good peoi)le in this world it is necessary to have good 
••hildieii : to have good childivn they must have good mothers and good 
fatheis. The mothei- is the first teacher of the child. The child le;in,s 
I'roiii the mother almost I'l-oni the time of its birth. 'JMiis teachinii and 
learning so early in life lasts many through a whole liretime ;ind exist- 



I'lice. 



To have good mothei's you must have good daughters. '" 



le 



daughter should Ix- taught and educated with the view to hei- rutin. 
['"•^iLoii and li;i|)|)iness in life, (iood daughters make good molheis, 
and the mothei- 's teachings and inlluences upon her children in most 



280 A MEDITATION' OX THE PHILOSOPHY OF LIFE. 

people acx'ompany them tluoiigh their lifetime. Where is there any- 
thino: to be found that impresses itself stronger in our young lives than 
the fervent profound j)rayer of the mother with her children learning 
them to say their first prayers, and why should a daughter who has 
been taught to beeome such a nK)th('i' throw herself away by marryinff 
some innii not wortliy of sueli a v\ife .' 

'I'lle name of llie WOl'd love lias been llUleli Jibllsed. Ln\c is ail 
affinity l)et\V<'eil Ihe reniiintir ;iimI the lliasellline. A selitilliellt often 

is a madness or huiacy that is as one 'jfeat wi'itei- says : "" l^ove is blind 
for it sees not with tlie eyes but with thi' iiiiikI."' Love. another L;i'e;it 
ui'iler sa\ s, "is a smoke by lovers' sighs. What is it else but madness 
most disereet and ehoking gall, a petsei-v.inee sweet." If this was not 
so, as this great writer said, why would a (bniLiliter worthy of the best 
man throw herself away unto a wortldess fellow. becMuse he liad ju.st 
l)een eomini;' her way. wlieti by ir'.stinct of nature this affinity was 
doing its work. To improve the conditions have ae(|uaintaneeship. 
widi-ii the circle of N'our aequaintance. aim liiuh. look for persons tliat 
will be siiit;ible partiieis foi- life amoiii.;' those that are worthy of your 
(jiialities. .\ pliilosoplier 's answei' to the <|iiestion of what was the best 
means of winidng al'feetion of tlie Indy was op|)ort unit\'. Such op|)or- 
tunities can only lie widene(l by enlarging your cii'cle of friends ;iiid 
friendship. 

What has been said here about good mothers and good dauiihters 
will also apply to having good sons, good husl)ands and good fathers. 
Such fathers and mothers that were insi)ir(Ml to have good children 
will fill the link in the long chain for the continuation of their race to 
a better ])erfection than many others ol' tin- lium;iii family that did 
not receive tluMf earl\- trainii.g in life imbued with the same motive b\- 
their parents. 

(lood fathers and mothei's make good citizens of the community, 
the State ;i!;(l nation wlieie tliey live and belong. This is of the greatest 
importance in a fi-ee counti'\'. where the citizens are supposed to vote 
for the best men to represent them to 'j'ovei'ii this State ;ind nation. 

The Parent's Aim 

It is of the first impoi'tance in nndi-i'takinu' any entei'jjrise to 
form a correct idea of the end to be aci'i)m|ilislicd. Kvei'v occupation in 
li fe has some (list irct pnriiose. ;ind only as it is t horoimhly k'ept in view- 
can the elVorts |iiit foftli pro\e successful. hriftiiiu' passively aloni;' 
with till' ciii-reiit has been the cjiuse of iiijiny a fatal wreck of lifes 
objects, while. h;id the llood been Stemmed ;ind the bark resolutely 
steeled towards some '.^iv'eii port, success ;iiid li;i |)|iiness would have 



A MEDITATION ON THE PHILOSOPHY OF LITE. 281 



crowned the voyag'e. AVhile this truth is recognized in most of life's 
avocations there are some which especially need its enforcement, and 
perhaps none more than that which is embraced in the parental rela- 
tion. While men and women are taught and trained by years of patient 
instruction to become good laborers in all the bread winning pursuits 
of lif(\ how little preparation is afforded to enable them to become 
good fathers ;iii(l tiiothcis. uiid how U'w there arc who. upon entering 
oil this Illation, liaxc any (Ictiiiitc idea of what is to be done. Too often 
pcopli' drift into these i-csponsihilities. content to produce the practices 
(»f their ancestors, jind (juite destitute of that deep insight into human 
iialure and its needs which should iiuide them in the task' assumed. 

What. then, is the aim that ought to actuate every parent; the 
work that he has to accomj)lish .' ^lost i)ei"sons will admit, in theory 
;it least, that it is to strengthen the perceptions and cultivate the tastes; 
to awaken the energies and employ the faculties; to develop the genius 
of character latent in th(^ child into the well-proportioned and har- 
monious nature of a noble man or woman. Vet, is this the central idea 
that practically governs the |)arental relation.' Does not experience 
show that the authority of the pai-eiit as it is commonly upheld am(mg 
us. grows far more out of the love of dominion than out of the love of 
those who govern :' Are not the promotion of the parents' convenience 
and comfort and the fostei'ing of his oi- her own vanity in the beauty, 
adornment oi' talents of the child more the object, in the generality 
of cases, than a disinterested desire to promote the child's best in- 
terests ? 

Does i:ot the lovi^ of power often lit^ at the root of severity ' Does 
not selfishness exact sacrifices and the d(^sire for ease induce neglect? 
These motives so cunningly hide themselves from view that fre(juently 
the pai-ent. who is thus actuated, believes his child's welfare to be up- 
peiiiiost in liis mind, and the only spring of his actions. 

In past ages of bai'barism. the subordination of children and the 
despotic I'ule of the parent was carried to their extreme limit. Not 
oidv were children held as slaves bv their father, but their verv lives 
wei-e in his power, while filial di.sobedience ranked next to murder as a 
crime. (Gradually, as man advanced in intelligence, and as other rights 
have been acknowledged, the i)ersonal liberty of children has increased 
and non-coercive systems of education have taken the place of the rigid 
;ind unlimited authoi'ity of formei' days. There arc^ many who lament 
this change and sigh for the good old times wlieii children looked up 
with awt- to those who I'uled them with despotic sway. It does, indeed, 
appear at times, when we see the dangei-s that suri'ouud the young, and 
the sad results that so often follow the relaxed discipline of the pivsent 
<lay, as if we had, in oui- liaste to establish freedom, sacriliced much of 



282 A MEDITATION ON THE PHILOSOPHY OP LIFE. 

the iiioi'nl viuof that attended a stci-iici- rule. Yet we believe the 
progress of true virtue to l)e only eonipatible with that of freedom, 
rightly used, liestraint, while it may regulate the external conduct, 
and is often a neeessai-y instrument for tempoi'ai-y use, can never be 
regarded as a pui'ifying and elevating agent. It is only as one wills 
to do I'iglit, that he can he railed virtuous, and he who int1u(Miees the 
will, thus touching the spi'ing of all action, nnist be a fai' nnire potent 
agent than he wIk* meivly regulates the conduct. It is hci-f that the 
main duty of the parent lies. If the work- of the pai-eiital I'dation could 
be condensed into a single sentence, if its ends could be gathered into 
a single focus it would l)e "to ])repar(^ the child f(»r l'i-e<^dom." It is 
because this preparation is so little understood, ami so seldom even 
attempted, that the relaxation of i-esti-aint often produce disastrous 
I'csults. The parent who accortls to the child increasing freedom grad- 
ually relaxes his own vigorous efforts, whereas they should be renewed 
with double energy. 

It is a far more difficult woi'k to establish self-control in a cliild 
than to control him; to enable him to govern himself than govern him. 
Libei-ty is not license — it is the highest law — the compi'chension of 
which may well emjdoy evei-y faculty. I\(^straint itself may be a use- 
ful servant in this work, but it should be I'cgarded as only a tempoi'ary 
means which will of itself drop away when its object is gained — a proj), 
as it were, to support the tender plant until it has strength to stand 
alone. 

It is chai'acter, rather than t-onduct, that needs transformation, 
motives and feelings ratliei- than deeds, that recjuire ])urifyiug. We 
see in a child, for example, pali)al)le tokens of selfishness, which result 
from an unsympathetic nature. We may, in individual instances, by 
authority or fear, compel him to give up his own way, aiul yield to 
the wishes of others. But have we touched the root of evil, oi- done any- 
thing in fact save, perhaps, to aiouse a spirit of opposition. What is 
needed is to form a character thai shall spontaneously pi-oduce a greater 
generosity of conduct. The feeble sympathy needs to be strengthened, 
the generous emotions to be aroused, the affections to be brought into 
exercise. This is positive, not negative work, developing active good- 
ness, i-ather than restraining evil. The same law holds good with every 
fault to be I'cpressetl and evei-y virtue to be chei'ished. Such work is 
both endowing the child with freedom in the present, and preparing 
it for freedom in the futui'e; and is as far removed from rigorous sever- 
ity on the one hand, as from negligent indulgence on the othei'. It 
gives a deeper signiticance to the pai'cntal relation than any .system of 
despotic authority. 



A MEDITATION ON THE PHILOSOPHY OF LIFE. 283 

Children 

Perha])s in nothing greater discrepancy of character is manifest 
tlian ill llic iKitioiis entertained concerning chiklren. There are those 
who sccit'tly regard them as littU^ l)etter than necessary nuisances — 
their noise distracts, theii- inquisitiveness bores, their eager enthusiasm 
wearies, their little faults and blunders provoke. Such people look with 
astonishment on those who seem to find pleasure in this restless seething 
part of luuuanity and could they reconstruct the world, one of the first 
changes they would inaugurate would be to have all the inhabitants 
enter it ready grown up. We are happy to believe, however, that this 
class is a small and decreasing one. Pew can resist the animating and 
cheering influence of fresh, ai-dent and impetuous childhood; who find 
no impulse of acbniration at its free and bounding vitality; who have 
no smile of sympathy with its exultant joys, or tear of pity for its 
acute, though brief soi'rows. A far larger luunber see great beauty and 
f'nd nnich amusement in children, but I'cgard them mainly as lovely 
playthings — dolls for grown-up people to dress and fondle in hours of 
leisure, luit to lie set aside when the serious Inisiness of life demands 
attention. 

It is well for the chiklren that humanity contains something highei 
foi' tluMii than either of these. The love whose birth in the heart of 
the parent is simultaneous with the child's birth into the world is its 
great safeguard. It transforms the care, labor and self-denial that 
would have been a burden, into a joyful duty; it lifts the little one 
from being either an irk-some trouble or an amusing toy. into its true 
|)lace ;is a human being, having unbounded capacities to be developed 
and limitle.ss powei's to be unfolded. No on(\ into whom some p(U'tion 
of this true love mingh^d with r(n'ei'ence is not infused, is fit to have 
any charge of children, eitlu^r in their education or social life. 

Yet parents are not without danger of tiiinking their love to be ail- 
sufhcing for the welfare of their children. 

It is the foundation on which they nuist build, but the superstruc- 
tui'c is yet to be reared Thei'e is no duty of life for which there is 
less accountability to pulilic opinion or les.s interference from others 
than that of |)arental training and cultui'c. Yet there is none which 
i'e(|uii'es more judgment and watchfulness. Tliere must l)e a])precia- 
tion of the greatness of the task, of the importance of the responsibility; 
thei'c nuist be faith in the capacity that is to lie develoix'd; there must 
be patient and arduous self-discipline, that no unworthy example re- 
fute the teachiiiiisOf the lijis. 'I he child is not wax to be molded, or 
stone to be lunvii into whatcn'er shape you prefer, it is a living, think- 
ing, feeling, rational being, with energies to be ;irous<Ml, powers to be 



284 A MEDITATION OX TTTE PHTT.OSOPHY OF LIFE. 

awakened, moral sense to Ix^ cultivated, judgment to be guided. It is 
a free agent, with individuality and will that must be recognized and 
respected. The object, therefore, should \n\ not to stamp our own 
minds upon the young, but to ;iniiiiat(" theii's: not to make them to 
think our thoughts, but to ([uieken their own; not to impart k'liowledge 
so much as to inspire the love of truth; not to impose arbitrary I'ulcs 
or beliefs, l)u1 to enlighten 1lie conseienee and k'indle aspii'ation. 

'I'here are few better inlierilaiiees than a happy childhood. Il is 
uf itself a |)i'eparation foi' 1 lie diit ies and ti'ials of life, a fund on which 
we may draw in loni; years to I'onie. When childi'en are conlinually 
thwailed in tlieii' plans and opfxtsed in llieir desires, when their effoi-ts 
meet with no appreciation, their eagei' hopes and contidences, with no 
response, and their feai's and tri;ils with no consolation, they will grow 
up to believe luippiness to be a myth and monientaiw gratitieation the 
otdy substitut(\ I>ut whei-e wise and loving parents combine to nuike 
a sunny home for their little ones, whei'c they resj)ect tluMC feelings, 
s_\nipathi/e in theii- pleasui'cs, soothe theii' ti'oubles. and lead them 
gcmtly into paths of virtue. tlie\' give them not only a real present ha|)- 
pin(\ss, but also an ideal one. which in after life, tlii'V will ])nisue and 
overtake A bright conception of home joys, jind tlie ap|)reciation of 
their simple sources, are the best foundations. The natural cravings 
of childhood are not for wealth or its api)liances. the\- can be liap|)y 
with frugal fare and simple habits, if they may only enjoy love, sym- 
|)athy and appreciation. Tlieii- physical, mental n\\(\ moi'al needs d<'- 
mand no enormous outlay of mone\'. but they do denmnd respectful at- 
tention, cai'eful thought and judicious plans. The happiest child is 
not he who is tricked out in finery, satetl with luxuries, and spoiled 
with indulgence; but he, who, enjoying with the ze.st of young life the 
merry sports of childhood, and the society of carefully chosen com- 
panions, yet turns with pleasure to his home as the dearest spot and 
to his parents as his warmest and closest friends. 

Relationship 

One of the good effects of holiday times, especially such as promote 
family gatherings, is to im|>ress the mind with a more vivid sense of 
the vahu' of i-elationships. .\o one who has lately h;id a shai'e in the 
Chri.stmas joys of a famil\' can fail to be impressed anew with the ha))- 
piness which can fiow from kindred. Whether it be the children who 
have been fascinate(l by the books and toys and games and frolics 
which theii" |)arents and elder i-elatives Iwive procui-ed for them, or the 
pai'ents t heniseU'es, not less eager and e\ei1e(|. who luive gi-own merry 
in the children's i:lee: whether it be the ;ibsent ones, who have ruslied 



A MEDITATION ON TIIK I'JIILOSOPHY OP LIFE. 285 

joyfully l);ick lo llic (Icni- old home, or those who have extended to them 
the lie;irtiest of weleoiiies, or even the sti'}ni<ier who, with synipathiziii<f 
heai't hiis looked upon the joy of othei's. ;dl have received a new proof 
of the luippiuess which iiuiy sprinu' fr(»iii the ties of relationship. True, 
this luippiuess is not ;i periodicid liiish, only to be seen at holiday sea- 
sons; it is ;i steMd\' ;ind eontinujil stream, which tlows day l)y day, and 
yefii' by \-e;ir. Tor all who will ;i\;iil themselves of it. Yet these special 
occfisions hi'ini:' out more vividly- the joys t h;i1 we somet imes let slip for 
wjiiil ol' Ihouuht, and sometimes neeept ms a niiitter of coui'se, without 
;ippreei;it in<i'. 

It is indeed to he deplored that these pleasures are not so univei'sal 
or so intense as they mi^ht be. There are families who seem to grow 
apart instead of iirowing together; ])rothers and sisters who draw their 
hap]>iness from any source rather than each other; parents who 
through seltishness lose the atfection of their children, and children 
who recklessly slight and throAv away a parent's love. 

Then, too, more distant relationships are apt to i;e di-opped out 
of sight instead of I'eceiving that attention <ind culture which 'wovdd 
rendei- them sources of nnitual pleasure. Relations at a distance cease 
to cori'cspond oi- to visit, and so foi-get one jinother, or if thrown to- 
gether small (|uarrels ;uid jealousies are allowed to creep in and em- 
bit tei- the intercourse. 

Among the causes for this state of things is a very dangerons and 
eonunon mistake made as to the duties which relationships involve. The 
pleasurable affections which cluster around them are so prominent, 
that we sometimes forget that there is any other bond to hold us to 
them. Thus, when from any cause the atfection and the pleasure de- 
crease, the relationship is too often allowed to sink into a mere nominal 
thing. As long as we ai-e pleasantly excited by the intercourse, we 
accept its obligations, but if oui- feelings change we repudiate them. 
Never wms thei-e ;i greater oi' moi'c fatal mistake than this. It is one 
which, should it obt;iin universal credence, would saj) the foundations 
ol' F;unily, soci;d ;ind politicjil lil'e and I'uin the welf;ire of any nation. 
For the Stale is built upon the I'aujily, and the familN' is u]>held by 
;i nnituid sense of obligation between its members. .Joy and gladness 
;ii-e the Mowers ;ind the fruit of well-preserved relationships, but not 
the i-oot. That lies deeper down in the very constitution of humanity. 
We find ourselves actually in many of these relations. We are chil- 
dren, brothers or sisters, uncles or aunts, and many of us assume the 
additional responsibilities of husband or wife and parent. This state 
of things is a real one, present to us atfecting us every moment of our 
lives ; we are all in it and in it we must abide. Whatever we may do. 
or not do, these ties with their several duties will continue. They can 



286 A MEDITATION ON THP] PHILOSOPHY OF LIFE. 

never be abrogated. aimiiJled or set aside. We may slight them, neglect 
them, despise them, if we will, but we can never abolish them. We 
may dislike the responsibility that they bring, bnt we can never escape 
it. We may fall in performing the dnties they involve, bnt the duties 
remain as urgent as ever. 

Some may think that by picsiMiting so foreil)ly tliis side of the 
(pH'stion. we shall crush out the tender and beautiful affections which 
arc the crown of all I'elatiorslii]), l)ut this is no more true than by 
watering and iioui'ishing tlie toots of a [)lant we shall nip and spoil its 
delicate buds. What we wisli to enforce is. that as bealthful gi'owtii of 
the root is ncccssai'y to the full fruition of the plant, so the cheerful 
acceptance of obligations and the performance of its consequent duties 
is necessary to any ixMiiianent or satisfactory happiness. 

Let this ti'utli sink deep into tb.e beart and pei-vade the life of an 
individual, and he will never complain of th(^ lack of pleasui'able affec- 
tions in his relationships. Joy will flow in upon him from every such 
channel, and it will be a 'u)v that neither chanu'c nor separ;ition will 
disturb. Hut let him neglect these obligations and value his kindred 
only For the pleasure he can extract from them and the ])leasure itself 
will be only transient and unsatisfactory. Mr. ^laui'ice. in a lecture 
on the conscience, speaking of the danger of this course, says, "The 
necessity for firm and distinct language becomes more evident to us 
the older we gi-ow, and the moi-e we notice the habits and dortriues 
which are prevalent among us. The i-evereiice for i)arents, the sanctity 
of the marriage vow, the pei'mai:ence of friendship are all in peril 
from the confusion between likings and affections" (foi- as we trans- 
late his meaning, Ix'tween the whims and impulsive fancies of the 
moment, and the deej), pure love which only blesses those who recognize 
and fulfill their nnitual obligations). "Those who resolutely draw a 
distinction ])etween them will have their reward. They will find that 
the conscience pi'otests, not against the fervency, but against the cold- 
ness, feebleness and uncertainty of our affections." 

Choice of Occupation 

There is so much continually said and written about the impor- 
tance of choosing wisely an occupation in life, but few appreciate the 
real difficulties of making this choice. Parents and advisers of youth, 
with the sincer<'st desii-e of assisting them to discover the work for 
which they ai-e best fitted, find that in many, if not the majority of 
cases, they meet with small success. Often the youth possessing per- 
haps good or even superior general abilities shows no special taste or 
aptitude in any given direction. There are, perhaps, several depart- 



A MEDITATION ON THE PHILOSOPHY OF LIFE. 287 

ments of labor, as far as present appearances go, he might fill with 
equal chances of success. Or, if he seenis attracted to one in particular, 
it is difficult to judge whether it is a true indication of fitness or a mere 
fancy, that will iiielt befoi'e the difficulties and drudgery it involves. 
It takes a wiser judgment and a keener discrimination than mo.st of us 
possess to solve this jti'obhMii. Then again, frequently the power of 
choice is confined to very nai-row limits, circumstances render many 
avenues impossible while afi^ording strong inducements in other direc- 
tions. So that, except in marked cases, where talent and taste are so 
decided as to overpow(M' all hindrances, it is not strange that young 
men and women scciii rather to fioat into their lifework from the force 
of wind and tide, than to elect their course and steer decisively upon it. 

This i.s, perhaps, not to be so much regretted as may at first appear. 
The various occupations of life, while reciuiring varied talent, have yet 
such a strong family likeness that their adherents may well shake hands 
as token of their close relationship in a conunon purpose. The progress 
and happiness of mankind is the one meaning which underlies and 
pervades every honest employment. If this be recognized at the outset 
it will tend to dignify and e(|ualize all industries. In this respect they 
differ but little. Whether we look at agriculture or mechanics, at com- 
merce or the professions, at art or literature, we see the aim to be the 
welfare of humanity. Not that each one of the toilers in these differ- 
ent departments has this end distinctly and consciously in view, but 
that his work actually produces this result in proportion to the ex- 
cellence and faithfulness of its performance. It signifies far less to 
any one in what special way he is contributing to his end, than that he 
really does so, and if he but puts himself in sympathy with his object 
and keep it in sight, it will go far towards exalting his work and en- 
larging his own breadth of motive. 

In another way, also, (ht the different occupations of life bear a 
close affinity. While calling for numerous and differing powers for 
their best performance, they all alike demand intelligence and labor. 
There is often a great and fatal mistake made here. It is commonly 
supposed that the chief desideratum of the mechanical arts, all others 
into which manual work enters, is labor, while that of connnerce, 
literature and professional life is intelligence — at any rate, that the 
mininnim of mind will suffice for the former, while the minimum of 
industry will suffice for the latter. This is not so. More of the mental 
powers of humanity have gone into the arts that develop the resources 
of the earth than in any other direction. The intellect that has learned 
to draw sustenance from the soil, to work up matter into the countless 
forms of usefulness and beauty, to control the elements and make the 



288 A MEi>ri'.\'i'i<)\ ox 'iiii'; niii.osoiMi v ok likm. 

forces of nature c()iiti'il)iite to oui- wclfai'c. is in no way int'ei-ior to that 
which utters its thouuht in tlic pofiii. the statue or the paintini"'. If 
this truth coukl be impressed upon tlic youn^' it might do something- to 
dispel the prejudice which indisposes so many to enter the vai-ious 
fiekls of mannal employment. Handwork, in all its hrauclies, is loudly 
callinu to-day for intelligence to guide it, for thought to make it et¥i- 
cient, for cnltui-e to give it skill. The labor that offei's itself without 
these, sad to say, is plentiful enough, but is always at a discount, al- 
ways inef^cienl, always seeking and never sought. No greatei' boon 
could be given to society than a, corps of intelligent thoughtful, well 
educated young people, ready to unite their mental power with habits 
of industry, their discipline of mind with discipline of hand, and de- 
vote them all to the trades and mechanic arts, which open so many 
avenues for ability and skill. 

Equally fallacious is it to imagine that there are any employments 
which can be successfully prosecuted without labor. Those who look 
with envy on the lawyer, the statesman, the scientist, the orator, the 
poet, or the artist, and imagine that they can win success and fame 
merely by the play of thought and imagination are gi-ievously mis- 
taken. Not one of these or kindred pui-suils can be worthily followed 
without an amount of toil and drudgery, of which those who stand afar 
off never dream. Patient and ploddiiig industry, hard and often tir- 
ing efforts nuist be added to mental power or talent, or even genius, 
if these so-called higher walks of life are to be finnly trodden. For 
the lack of this foundation stone, many a seemingly noble edifice of 
natural ability and s])lendid gifts has crumbled to useless dust. x\nd 
when a youth of mediocre powers deliberately selects one of these 
occupations, in the hope of avoiding hard work, rigid economy and 
self-denial, he has made the most fatal mistake of his life and one that, 
if not speedily corrected, must entail upon him ruin and disgrace. 

Labor witlioul intelligence, de|»resses, degrades and fails. Intelli- 
gence withoul laboi' <'vaporates, is lost and equally fails. Thus i1 is of 
less inipoiianee to succ('ss what special branch of human industiw is 
luidertaken. than wlielher it is pni-sued with all the mental and phy- 
sical energies of the nature. Let each one honor his occupation l)y 
studying out its liis1or\-. its progress, its aim, its hi'ightest examph'S 
and its mission to the world and to himself. He who does this and 
crowns it by intelligenc(^ ami faithful industry is the true and noble 
workei', whatever be his s])here of laboi'. 



A MKDITATIOX OX TIIK I'll 1 1 ,( )S( »I'I H' OK I. IFF:. 289 

Life, What We Make It 

While the youii^ Hfe eagerly surniisiny wluit life is to hrinu- to 
them, and th*^ old arc (luietly pondei'inp' what it has brought to them, 
few i-e;diz(' to liow large an extent life is just what they themselves make 
it. It is a hook, the pages of which are turned one by one, not merely 
to b<' iM^arl, but to show us ever new and shifting scenes and also to 
reilect our own image. 

The extei'iial woi'ld may be sui^posed to ]iresent similar views to 
evei'v one. ('crtaiiily we cannot change by looking its mountains into 
vabeys. or its cities into plains. Yet, perhaps, no two people, looking 
at the same scene, see it exactly alike. One gazing upon a landscape, 
sees exquisite grace and beauty in the tliversity of hill and dale, lake 
or stream, lit up, it may be, by sunset glories. Another sees in it the 
promise of rich harvests and plentiful returns. Another regards it 
solely with a vi(nv to tiie facilities it offers for a new railroad; while 
yet another, with dull or pre-occupied mind, gazes without consciously 
seeing anything at all. The scene is to each one what he makes it — 
the reflection of his own niiud. The cheei'ful find the melancholy man 
look upon the very same objects: to one. th(\v assume a bright and 
I'oseate hue full of joy in th(^ present, and boj)e for the future; while 
to the oth(M' they suggest only wearine&s and disappointment. 

Still more emphatically is this the case in the social world. 'J'he 
opinion men hold of society is largely a reflection of their own charac- 
ters, and their influence goes far towards making society actually con- 
form to those opinions. The selfish and grasping man is always imagin- 
ing those with whom he deals to be selfish. He excuses his own mean- 
ness on the ground that he must guard against the meanness of others : 
and his excuse has just this foundation that his own character natur- 
ally diffuses itself among those with whom he deals. 

Every disposition t^xerts a magnetic attraction for its like; and 
the unjust in;ni will meet with injustice, the rude with i-udene.ss, the 
cold with coldness, and the proud and jealous with pride and jealousy. 
On the other hand, the just and true, the generous and kind, the gentle 
and loving draw to themselves the same qualities in others, and thus 
to them also is social life what they make it. No one can enter into the 
presence of a pure and good nmn without having the better parts of 
his nature aroiLsed and his desire for improvement quicKened.. The 
opinions expressed of society, as a whole, are a tolerably fair criterion 
of the character of the one who holds them. It is the man of unflinch- 
ing integrity who has the most faith in the general honesty of the 
community — a faith not shaken by the occasional experience he meets 
to the reverse. It is the unscrupulous and slippery man who suspects 



290 A MEDITATION ON THE PHILOSOPHY OF LIFE. 

roy'Ui'rv ill every (luarter and ridieules the very idea of disintere.sted- 
ness. He who complains that the world is hollow and heartless un- 
consciously confesses his own lack of sympathy; while he who believes 
that people, as a whole, are kindly and humane, is certain to have the 
milk of human kindness in his own nature. 

The conditions and surroundings of life are also largely what we 
make them. This is the case, first of all, through our direct influence. 
Pi'()S])ei'ity and adversity are often the simple effects of conduct. In- 
dustry, thrift, skill, discretion, principle, underlie the one ; idleness, ex- 
travagance, self-indulgence and folly, the other. As a general thing, 
we reap that which we have sown. But where it is not so, where cir- 
cumstances over which we have no control come in the form of trials or 
joys, even these are greatly modifled l)y the spirit in which they are 
received. Who has not seen poverty or sickness or bereavement borne 
so heroically and cheerfully that the afflicted one seemed rather an ob- 
ject of envy than of compassion .' On the other hand, who has not seen 
one with every outward advantage that earth has to bestow, rendering 
himself and others miserable by fretful complaints of troubles too 
petty to (leserv<» a moimnit's notic<'? 

The faith'ful endeavor to do right, and to l)ear (piietly what must 
be Ixtrne. is of itself a fruitful source of happiness and serenity: while 
a niui-nnuing and discontented spirit may poison the richest blessings 
and turn them into bitter evils. 

No one should underrate the inevitable sorrows of life, nor deny 
to them the sympathy and loving aid which should ever be extended to 
them ; but permanent misery cannot be regarded with very much re- 
spect. It certainly si)eaks of grave defects in character, of faults that 
need pruning away, of feeble qualities that need stimulating. Life is 
largely what we make it, and whatever may be its clouds and storms 
they will be chased away at length by the clear sunshine of a strong 
and noble character. "Fill thy heart with goodness and thou wilt find 
that the world is full of good." 

Strength of Will To Do Right 

AVhile the error of a few is that overstrength of mere will Avhich 
Ave call obstinacy oi- self-will, the error of the vast multitude is fcfblr- 
ncss of irill. The bodies oF most controls their minds. How many eat 
where reason w(»nld say abstain, or drink that which st(>als away the 
sense I How many are too feeble of purpose to lay aside an interest- 
ing book or pursuit at the hour when it infringes on other duties ! What 
hours most waste in profitless reading ! Indeed there is a fascination 
and tyranny about the present, no matter what— company, passion or 
pleasure— feelings that we are all ashamed of afterwards. 



I 



A MEDITATION" ON THE PHII.OSOPHY OP LIFE. 291 

The ancient moralists felt this as much as we do. Seneca says, 
in language (|uite as strong as that of St. Paul, that he sees the right 
and admires it, and the wrong and hates, while yet practices it. Many 
persons seem to think it enongh to admit all this without attempting 
to overcome it. In fact, to be weak of will, amiable and easily turned, 
they think a sort of Christian virtue. Yet it is one of the most radical 
vices. For all character is determined by the will, which is, therefore, 
essential to all virtue. The glory of every human being is to have a 
strong will, which need not be self-willed, but bowed ever reverently to 
truth and justice and eternal law, and the supreme Law-giver. But 
there nnist be a vital strength of will to choose the right. 

How to obtain this is the question. One clue is the observation 
that our strength is not the same on all subjects nor in all circumstances 
and associations. Weakne&s or strength of bodily health has much to 
do with this. Exercise and repose affect it. An overtasked nervous 
system ^vill often be weak and irresolute, when half an hour's vigorous 
exercise or a sharp walk in the open air will renew it. The hour of the 
day will have much influence. On first rising in the morning the reso- 
lution is clear, comprehensive and strong, while at night it is often 
feeble. 

Hence the most successful men generally plan out the day early, 
and make their mark, while the will is vigorous and undistracted. 
Sleep often restores this faculty. Habit has still more to do with it. 
Every success makes a future one in the same matter more easy and 
natural, while every instance of being subdued by circumstances makes 
every similar temptation proportionably powerful. Association has 
much to do with it. In the company of those we respect we are easily 
led. 

He, therefore, who would rule his own spirit and be strong, must 
attend to these conditions. Habits that secure the most perfect health 
are hence most favorable to virtue. Sound sleep, vigorous exercise, 
proper food, fresh air, thus become Christian duties, to be secured at 
almost any cost. The foi-mation of habits such as shall secure the vic- 
tory to all good choices, and the defeat of evil allurements will often 
render the rest of the struggle easy, or the resolute choice of suitable 
company, and the rejection of that known to be enslaving, may settle 
the whole question. 

But there is one habit which more than any other, before the 
business and confusion of the day be entered upon, will strengthen the 
wisdom and the will — that is, the practice of forecasting the whole diffi- 
culties, dangers and plan of the day devoutly in communion with the 
heavenly Father. They that wait upon the Lord will renew their 
strength. As the moulting bird recovers youth and renewed energy 



292 A MEDITATION ON THK PHILOSOPHY OF I.IFE. 

from Ihc process, so has uiaii in all aL-cs Ix'cn round to do from real 
conniiunion with the Father of Spirits. The power of vigorous will 
is thus most etfeetiially increased. Dean Trench has throw^n this thouo'ht 
into a most beautiful little poem, lately much (pioted, though given 
mor<' at length in the Hynui of the Ages: — 

"Ivoi'd, what a change within us one short hour 
Spent ill th\- pi'esence can avail to make! 
What heav>^ burdens from our bosoms take! 
What parches grounds i-efresh us with a shower! 
We kneel, and all around us .seem.s to lower; 
We rise, and all the distant and the near 
Stand forth in sunnv outline, brave and clear; — 
We kneel, how weak! We rise, how full of power! 
Wliy, therefore, should we do ourselves this wrong, 
Or others, that we are not always strong — 
That we are ever, ever boi-ne with care — 
That we should ever weak or heartless be, 
Anxious or troubled, when with iis is prayer, 
And joy and strength and courage ai'e with Thee"^ 

Natural or Moral Law 

The most i)ermanent, the most i)ervading and the grandest fact in 
all nature is that everything is governed by eternal and immutable 
laws. Nothing can resist the powa^r, nothing can alter the precision 
with which effect everywhere follows cause in exact proportion, and no 
human arrangement that overlooks the constant working of these law^s 
can ever hope for the shadow of success. All education that is worth 
the name is but the elucidation of these laws, and all self-culture is but 
the effort to put oursc^lves into harmony with them. Nothing moi'C dis- 
tinctly marks the progress of nuinkind than the fullness with which 
this fact is recognized. Slowly and gi'adually has its truth dawned 
upon the biuiian miiui as regards all physical nature, and what was 
once attributi'd to chance, or to the dii-ect interference of some angry 
or revengeful Deity, as the storm oi- the earth(|uake, is now ascribed 
to the unfailing pi-occss of natui'al and lieneficent law as its oidy true 
source. 

Even now, however, we do not all have an unshaken faith that this 
gov(u-iunent extends erpially over ourselves as over external nature; 
that the laws which govern man's spiritual nature are as steadfast 
and unwavering as those which control his physical system; that what 
is thoughtlessly called fortune or fate, is inevitably bound to motives 
and character, by laws as inflexible as those which decide the upheaval 



A MEDITATION ON Tflte PHILOSOPHY OF LIFE. 293 

of the tidt's or the cii-cliiij:- oi" the planets. We believe firmly that mc- 
cording- to the (juality of the seed and the soil, and the assiduous culti- 
vation of the plant, will he the beauty of the tiower, and the riehness 
of the fruit : but we hesitate to apply the same rule to the delicate gar- 
den of the human heart. Yet the law is as powerful and undeviating 
in the one case as in the other. As surely as in nature the force must 
exceed the resistance if any etfect is to be i)roduced, so surely in our 
moi-al nature must enei'u_\- exceed obstacle, and moral principle be 
greater than leiuptation. if hei-oisni or vii'tue ai-t^ to floui'ish. The law 
of gravitation, which ('(pially governs the minutest snow flake and the 
rushing planets is no m(»i-e ceilain in its operation than that by which 
the lightest thought or emotion intinences character, and the simplest 
<\i'('(\ involves t't(M'n;d results. 

We readily admit the (n'ident absurdity of disregai'ding what we 
call natui'al laws, but we do not recognize the same element in dis- 
obedience to our moral senst'. lie who should ignore the law of gravi- 
tation, who should attempt to breathe fire or water as if they were 
air, or to pass through rocks as if they had no power of resistance, 
would excite a smile of derision, or pity fo)- his imbecility. But the 
disregard of the laws which govei-n our moi'al nature |)roduces no such 
feeling. He who disobej^s his conscience, who violates the principles 
of ju.stice, honor and integrity and stifles the promptings of benevo- 
lence, may incur our serious condenniation, but scarcely oui- contempt. 
We say he does wrong, but we forget to say he is irrational. Yet 
surely the moral laws are as firm and undeviating as any other, and the 
i-esult of their disobedience as certain and as detrimental; therefore 
to tlisregard them is at least as conclusive proof of folly as to dis- 
regard the laws which govern the elements. When we fully embrace 
this |»hilosophy, when all wrong-doing includes the element of absurd- 
ity in our eyes, a long step will have been taken in the moral and in- 
tellectual progress of the race, floral imbeciles are far more numerous 
than those mentally weak, and will lie so until we learn how futile is 
the contention between inclimition and duty; betw^een our lower and 
higher natures; between I'ight and wi'ong. Whenever we choose pleas- 
ure and reject principle; whenevei- we yield to inclination and sacrifice 
duty ; wlumevei" we prefei- selfish gratification to lai'ge heai'ted lienev- 
olence, we are ourselves the greatest sufferers. He who cheats his 
neighbor deprives iiim of his rightful |)()ssessi(»ns. but by the same act 
he defrauds himself of what is incomparably more valuable, his honor, 
integrity and virtue. He who oppresses the poor and binds heavy 
burdens on the weak, is moie ei-uel to himself than to those he afflicts, 
and burdens his own conscience with heavier weights. He who de- 
fames anotliei' Injuies his ivputation, but in so doinu lie blunts his 



294 A MEDITATION ON THE PHILOSOPHY OP LIFE. 

own moral sense, which is of far more significance. No injury is so 
great as the injury of character, and that we do not inflict on others, 
hut upon ourselves with every wrong-doing. 

If this great moral law which p(M-vades humanity is inflexible in 
its punishments for disobedience, it is friendly and genci-ons to all 
who put theuLselves into hanuony witli it. .lust ;is we may gathei' 
life and .strength and pleasure from the elements that would destroy 
us if we disregarded their laws, so the moral forces within and around 
us are the chief sources of our highest joys and nobl(^st elevations, if 
we but work with thtMu instead of warring against th<'m. Evei-y 
worthy impulse cherished, every excellence of character cultivated, 
every denial made of a low desii-e foi' a higher attainment, every im- 
pure motive con(|uere(l, every noble aspiration hi'eatlied, every gen- 
erous deed accomplishiHl, will pour tlieii- I'ichest i-ewai'ds into the heai't, 
and stamj) their best effects upon the charactei" of him who thus 
earnestly strives. No effort for a good cause, made fi-om a pure mo- 
tive, can ever fail; though the result we IooUimI foi- may disappoint our 
ho|)es, the beneficent effects up(tn oui' own iinici- nature ;ire as cei'tain 
as that of the I'ain u|)on ;i thii'sty hind. 

It is only as we realize that this gi-eat moral law is etei'ual, im- 
nuitable, and yet thoroughly fi'iendly and beneficent: it is only as 
we study its operations and put ourselves entii'ely into hai'uiony with 
it that we can ever hope to attain to what is ])()ssible I'oi- us, either in 
beauty of character, powei- of good to oUkm-s, oi- a pure and elevated 
happiness: and only when such le.s.sons are as earnestly impressed upon 
the young as those we now give them in scholastic loi'c or wordly 
wisdom, can we be said to have begun ;iny ;i(le(pi;ite system of edu- 
cation. 

Cultivating the Desires 

Among the m<in\' ruts that people get into, and out of which it is 
so hard for them to emerge, is the habit of getting vei-y narrow and 
limited, through intense desires. There is a sti'ong impulse at the 
present time in favoi- of breadth. Large and comprehensive views of 
things in general are found to afford the best basis for excellence in 
specialties. ()])iinons that are handed down by tradition and carefully 
kept from th(^ wholesome fresh air of investigation and opposition are 
less ti'u.sted now than formerly. The faculties of man ai-e found to 
Ix' mjinifold and ;ill deserving of development. Knowledge aims to be 
bi-oad, at least in its roiuidnl ions : ;uid the particuhir .structure to be 
raised upon it is expected 1o be |)ropor1 ionately solid and valuable. 

This wi(l<'ning process has h;i(l full em])lo\'ment , so I'jir in enlai'g- 
ing thought ;uid action. It has iiol \cl penetrjiled to the desires. 



A MEDITATION ON THE PHILOSOPHY OP LIFE. 295 

They are generally supposed to be strong enough and varied enough in 
themselves to do without any special cultivation, and the most that 
is urged in reference to them is the necessity of restraining them, 
when they pass their ])r<)])('r bounds. Tt is true that they arc^ usually 
vei'y sti-ong, that tlu^v form our charactei-s, intlueiice our actious, de- 
termine our lives. \v\ it is just ht^cause they ai-e so powerful factors 
that they need the most careful and jutlicious education. To I'estrain 
them is hut a small pai't of the work; they need far oftenei' to he 
fostered and nourished than to he I'epressed and the chief reason why 
some oiK^ desire so fre(|uently takes possession of a man and makes a 
wreck of him is that so many others are lying dormant and feeble 
within him. 

Thei'c is no more sti'iking example of this than the dcsii-c for 
wealth. At tirst it is but the natural and wholesome wish for the 
necessities and comforts of life and the powei- of ci-eating ha])piness in 
a thousaml forms for self and others. It is often pursued, however, 
with such devotion and eagerness that at length it ci'owds out the 
otli(M- dcsii'cs of life and even swaHows up the very ends for which it 
was tii'st maintained. 

The desire for s])ending the mon<'y which costs so lai'ge a part of 
life diminishes in force, and perhaps becomes extinct foi" want of 
intelligent cultivation and exercise, and the man wealthy in gold but 
pool' in life either delegates the whole task of disi)osing of it to his 
family, oi- piles it rij) on unmeaning heaps simply to be I'escattei'ed 
aft(M' his death. To adil to it ahsorhs all his time, thought and energy; 
but how to use it has become to him a lost art and one that fails to call 
foitli within him a single pleasui'ahle emotion. 

Now this condition is arrived at, not so much hy the indulgence 
of a single desire as hy the nt^ulect and failure of all the rest. It has 
become a habit with him to crave and pursue money until he knows no 
other joy. It is as if the man who is running a race should become 
so infatuated with running that he should continue to run past the 
goal and care nothing for the price that he started out to win; or, as 
if the man who pi'0])()sed to become a carpenter should become so inter- 
ested in ])rocuring tools that he should devote his life to the accunni- 
lation of them withoiit putting them to any use. Originally theic weie 
liop( s and longings in his mind, |»ic1ures oi' happiness which he was to 
enj(»y hiiiiseir and to cceate for otiieis. and foi' which he would gladly 
toil lo |)i'ocuie the nieaiis. But they have faded from his mind, be- 
canye he would not pause to gratify them when it was in his powei- to 
do SO; they have died of inanition, and no desii-e is left to him but t(» 
continue to accMmulate the means to ends for which he has ceased to 
care. 



29(i A MEblTATION ON THE PHILOSOPHY OF LIFE. 

Xdtliinji' fjiii more I'orcilily sliow the need of noui'isliin^' ami foster- 
inu' the yood and wholesome (h'sires o1' oui- iiatui'e. Wliere the grand 
Itiii'poses that mone\' (-(in suhser\'e ai-e kept in view and realized and 
enjoyed from time to time, when a liappy and well-ordered home is 
seenreth when children are ti-ained, educated and developed, when 
advantajies and opportunities are otfered to thosi^ who need them, when 
wholesome ret'oi'ms are aided, worthy enterprises assisted, the city or 
town improved and enriched, and society made better and happier by 
the ui-owino' ])i'ospei'ity of the iiulividual, then his wealth is a tenfold 
hlessinu'. P)nt that this may he so, his desir<^s nnist he continually 
cherished hy actively ministerinu- to them. lie must devote at least as 
nnicli care and tlionulit npon the way to nse his money as npon the 
way to .ii'ct it. 

Desires can onl\' he kept tdive hy hein^ g-ratitied from time to time 
and as they ar(^ aW I'iuht and reasonable, if kept in due propoi'tion to 
each other, it is fai- more essential that we should wisely cultivate all, 
than that we should strenuously deny any one. Indeed, the only true 
way of ])reventinti' a siuiile desire from absorbin^i' our nature and 
ruinin<i' our usefulness, is to briny others into constant play. Nature 
sets US a uood (\\am|)le in this I'csix'ct. The child's desii'e for play is 
periodicjdly clK^'ked hy his desire foi' food and sleep; his craving for 
knowledge is k'cpt within honnds hy his craving for physical exercise. 
But ])resently some one strong desire being continually indulged, other 
weaker ones are crowded out, and it is the work of the wise parent to 
guard against this injustice and to see to it that the natural desires of 
the child ai-e respected and balanced one against another, so that none 
shall fall into decay and none obtain a mono])oly. Some, indeed, are 
iiii])erativ(\ and seem fnll grown, otheis ai-c in the germ, and ueed the 
t(Miderest nurture, hut none mnst he neglected and then none will be 
tyrannical. .M. Littre, a French philosopher, says: "'riie chief use 
of education is to multiply motives foi" action, for to have many facul- 
ties is to have many impulses: to have many impulses, is to be acces- 
sible to numy motives, is to be in comnnuiication with many intiuences, 
instead of being bound in unreasoning constancy to one." 

The Best of the Kind 

Oni' important cause of tlie disapi)ointm(Mits, vexations and ad- 
versities of life is that i)eople arc not, as a whole, sufhciently anxious 
that what they give and what they receive shall be the best of the kind. 
Thus education, laboi-, modes of life, habits of thought, principles of 
action are all liable to take a lower Unu\ and to be pursued in a poorer 
way than they need he. Take the regulation of (expenses for example; 



A MEDITATION ON THE PHILOSOPHY OF LIFE. 297 

it is ('(iiiiiiKuily supposed that nicii at least want cvcrythinii' they bny 
lo he the l)i\s1 of its kind, and thai the only i-cason tiicy do not always 
liavc it so. is that thi'\- cannot al'l'oi'd it. ^'ct it is by no menus true 
that the Ix'st tilings are always the most eostly. They are i-ather those 
things whieli most perfectly fultill the purposes for which they were 
intended. The j)urpose of food for instance, is the nutrition of the 
body. Whatever articles of diet are proved to contribute most fully 
to tlie liealthy action of all the physical functions will be undoubtedly 
the best of the kind; yet men pay far more for dainties which can lay 
claim to no such mei'it. 

So in dress: the l)est of the kind is that which wears best and 
which secures convenicMice and comfoi't, and satisHes good taste. All 
these ends can be g-ained at a moderate cost. y(4 [)eople g'ladly i)ay' 
double. ()!• even ten times thi^ amount for costumes that answer no such 
pui-pose. and. thei'efore, cannot be tlie best of tlieir kind. Oui- dwell- 
iniis, with all theii' appurtenances, are intended for shelter, privacy, 
safety, convenience, family life and social pleasure. The l)est of the 
kind completely supply these needs, yet they are not necessarily the 
most expensive, nor are these ends always first in view in their selec- 
tion. Thus it is not ucnerally because people cannot affoi'd it that they 
do not. in their purchases, proeui'e the best of the kind, but rathei* be- 
cause they ai'c not intelligent enouiih, or wise enouiih. to know in what 
the best consists. 

If they fail, however often, to secure that which is best of its kind, 
they fail equally to give out from within the best that is in them. As 
a natioi!, Americans are hard workers, but many thing-s prevent their 
work' from being of the best. Some sacrifice quality to quantity. They 
fancy that by hurrying" and driving, and devoting every waking mo- 
ment to business, they are doing their best. But the truth is that the 
best work is i:ever reached in this way. It demands a freshness and 
vigor that can only l)e gained by seasonable rest and recreation; a 
calnmess of mind that is incompatible with constant hurry; a thorough- 
ness in detail that cannot be secured without system and deliberation, 
'i'he strained elfort to do too much is one cause of the large amount 
of slipshod, inefficient work that all deplore, yet accept. No one can 
give of Ills b(^st until he has learned what to lay aside, as well as what 
to do. 

Others fail to give their l)est by attempting to do what is beyond 
them. They might have succeeded well, and done the world good ser- 
vice in one direction, but scorning this they are doing poor work, 
which neither benefits others noi- reflects honor upon themselves in 
some other line. Thus a first I'ate builder who is needed in the eom- 
uninity is sacrificed to make a third i-ate architect, who is compara- 



298 A MEDITATION ON THE PHILOSOPHY OP LIFE. 

tively valueless. Men who might have made their mark as meehaincs 
become inferior business men, or others who have a talent for com- 
mercial pursuits spoil their value by rushinu' into professions or 
politics. Just as one seeking health docs not iiKpiii-e what degree of 
intensity in lu^at or cold he can possibly endure and live, but rather 
seeks for the most favorable climate in which his physical functions 
can do their best work, so in choosing life employment men should 
in(piiie, not what branch they can possibly push themselves into by 
straining evei-y nerve, but in which one they can do the best woi'k 
and develop their powers in the Ix^st manner. In discussing building 
materials Ruskin says: "If you cannot afford marble, use stone, but 
from the best bed; and if not stone, brick, l)ut the best bi'icks, pi-e- 
t'ci'ring always what is good of a lower oi-der of work or material to 
what is bad of a highei', for this is not oidy the way to improve eveiy 
kind of work, and to put every kind of material to bcttei- use, but it is 
more honest and unpretending, and is in hai'mony with other just, 
upright and manly principles." The same advice is sound in all the 
affairs of life. Let both demand and supply unite in re(piiring and 
furnishing the best of everything of its kind, then lioth progress and 
ha])piness will l)e ))ased on the surest foundations. 

The Advantage of Disadvantages 

Nothing shows so completely the combative energy of human na- 
ture and its conquering power over all difficulties a.s the fact that, 
whatever temporary evils and disadvantages beset a true man, they 
all v]u\ in waking up a disposition that finally overcomes them, sub- 
siding thcjii, and so making them blessings. The man who has given 
the greatest proofs of personal physical strength in this counti-y (Dr. 
Winship) was one of the weakest naturally, and began to cultivate 
his powers at first, he says, to be able to thrash, if necessary, a tlanger- 
ous classmate, fond of bullying those weaker. A thousand higher and 
better motives for cultivating personal strength might perhaps be 
found, but this one was good and sufficient. Every man ought, if pos- 
sible, to make himself strong enough to defend and protect himself 
from any aggressor. We do not say he ought always 1o exercise the 
power, but the consciousness of having cultivated powei' will always 
be useful. 

It is so much more with mental strength than with physical. 
Knowledge is powei", and although the difference betwecMi various men 
is very great in this i-espect, yet the consciousness of mastering the 
difficulties of ignorance is a matter of still gi'eater importance. The 
wise man's eyes are in his head, but the fool walketh in darkness. It 
has often been remarked that great mental discoveries and movements 



A MEDITATION ON THE PHILOSOPHY OF LIFE. 299 

come in clusters. That is to say, where one masters a great difficulty 
in arts or science, it excites hope and contidence. It starts others, and 
thiLs shows that there is always a great amount of latent power in the 
mind to make other discoveries and exertions, when but the incite- 
ments needed draw them from their resting places. It is hard to tell 
what difficulties are insurmountable by the mind of man. He has con- 
trived to Aveigh the mountains and the solid globe. Our telescopes take 
the measure of the stars and our microscopes display the wonders of 
minutest forms of insect life. Oui' men of science read backwards the 
history of our globe for millions of years, trace its condensation from 
the nebulous mists, and under the ti-opics find the scratches and proofs 
of glaciers hundreds, if not thoiLsands, of feet thick, and lasting on 
tht' sami^ spot for long ages. 

"Things difficult entice," said Cowpei-, and there is not the 
slightest pcftui'bation of a planet, or eccentricity of a comet, not a 
spot in the sun. or a change in the moon, but all must be accounted for 
before the subject is di-oppcd. And a tliousand new and unexpected 
discovel•i(^s spring up in coiKjuering one difficulty. 

All this is still more true in the world of morals. Obstructiims, 
temptations, all difficulties in tlic path of virtue seem to wake up in a 
man a proportionably greater moral strength of resistance and con- 
({uest. Goodness always proves the strongest at last and the overcom- 
ing power. All troubles, dangers, afflictions and mistakes that lead to 
any of these conquests are good, both for the individual and for the 
race; for the mistake dies out and the sutfering ceases, but the register 
of the conquest makes all future victories easier and more certain. 
Difficulties are blessings in disguise. The poverty that excites to in- 
dustry is one, and the felt want of knowledge which leads to effort 
and self-culture, and the regret for an tM-ror that leads to higher habits 
and reforms. Indeed, the very alternations of riches and poverty, and 
all other vSuch changes, are like those of sunnner and winter, day and 
night, wet seasons and dry, to the physical world. All tend to the 
expansion and improvement of man, by calling into exercise new 
powers or recuperating old ones. Now, that by writing and printing 
we can multiply and preserve the records of oi;r experience, dangers 
and methods of ultimate triuMii)h. the progress of the i-ace becomes in 
cacli auc nioic and more rapid. It is gi'catci- now in a yeai- than i'oi'- 
'nicrly in a ccnlui'v. .\s long as there is pi'ogi'ess. however slow, in the 
I'ighl direct i<iii. there is hope, faith, ultimate success and rejoicing. It 
is onl\' with the relin(|uishment of efi'oi-t tliat is. the death of human- 
ity—that there is despair. Hut while man remains man. a disadvan- 
ta<je foULiht aiiainst becomes ultimatel\- ;ni advantage. 



300 A MEDITATION ON THE PHILOSOPHY OF LIFE. 

Keep good company or none. Never l)e idle. 

If yonr hands arc not usefully ('ni{)loyc(l, attend to the cultivation 
of yonr mind. 

Live up to yonr engagements. Keep youi- own .secrets if yon have 
any. 

When you speak to a person, look him in the face, 
(rood company and good conversation are the very sinews of virtue. 
(Jood character is above all things else. 
Kver live (misfoi-tuncs excepted) within youi- incoiut'. 
Make no haste to he I'ich if you would pi-osixM-. 
Never play at any game of chance. 
Kai'u money hefoi-e you spend it. 

Never run into deht iniless you see ;i way to get out again. 
.Never borrow if you can possibly avoid it. 
Do not mai-ry until yon are able to sup])oit a wife. 
Be just before yon ai'c generous. 
i^e temperate in all things. 

Save when you are young to spend when you are old. 
Our acts make or mar us. We ai'c the children of our own deeds. 
Despise not any man, and do not spurn anything, for there is no 
man that hath not his place. 

Any man may do a casual act of good nature, but a continuation 
of them shows it is a part of their temperament. 

Innocent fnn is as good as any. The best medicine is not always 
bitter, nor is a thing wicked solely because it is agreeable. 

A wise man of Greece being asked what anyone could gain by 
telling falsehoods, replied at once, "Not to be believed, even when he 
tells the ti'uth." 

Vanity refnses all wholesome food and lives entii'ely upon the 
poison of flattery, upon which it thrives luxuriantly. 

A life of honor and of worth has no eternity on earth — 'tis but a 
name, and yet its glory far exceeds that base and sensual life which 
leads to want and shame. 

Disputes between true friends and true lovers are of no conse- 
quence. The only dangerous ([uai'rels ai'e those between ])eople who 
did not (piite understand each other. 

The clouds of eai'th ai'C not those which sweep across the sun, but 
those which rise out of unhappy hearts and evil lives. 

Cheerfulness is a matter which depends fully as much on the state 
of things within as the state of things without and around us. 

Try to frequent the company (jf your betters in books and life. 
That is the most wholesome society. 



A MEDITATION ON 'THK PHILOSOPHY OK T;IFE. 801 

Every (Ihv is m little life, and oui' whole life is hut a day repeated. 
Therefore, live every day as if i1 would be the last. 

As to troubh", who expects to find cherries without stones, or roses 
without thorns. 

Reflect u])on your present blessingvs, of which every man has many ; 
not upon your |)ast misfortunes, of which all men have some. 

Whatever the world may say there are some moi'tal son-ows, and 
our lives ebb away less throu<ih our blood tluui through our tears. 

Nothinfi' increases reverence foi- others as a gr-eat sorrow for one's 
self. It teaches one the depths of human nature, in ha^jpiness we are 
shallow and deem others so. 

Little things sometimes cause trouble. A single spark may fire 
a whole building: a word may turn a kind friend into a bitter enemy, 
and a tongue may set a whole church in commotion. 

Except as we master and hold our own in the world, it inform,s us 
that we are of little accoiuit — one of millions, and our burdens and sor- 
rows are treated as sickly sentimentalities. 

Happy is the man who eats only for hunger, drinks only for thirst; 
who stands on his legs, and lives according to rea.son, and not according 
to fashion: who |)rovi(les foi- whatever is necessary and useful and ex- 
pends nothing for ostentation and pomp. 



Hygienics 



The ohjccl (if wi'itiiiy this hook was first to ohtaiii a family history 
so that future ^vuei-ations and descendants would know something- 
ahout their ancestry. This having' been accomplished, it is important 
that the history be continued by tlie preservation of oui- descendants 
and tlieir descendants by the adoption by them of good hygienic or 
health rules, to have the future generation to appreciate the writer's 
book. For the benefit of future generations I will wi-ite a short article 
on hygienics or health. Another ol)ject for doing this also is that this 
book shall not l)e a book to be laid away or never to be hx)ked into 
only in case of birth, marriages, or death. 

I want to make this a book for reference, for health and for the 
enjoyment of life, and shall prove the principal i)ai't of energy neces- 
sary to retain good health and enjoyment. 

To enjoy life, to be healthy there is nothing more necessary than 
l)ur(' air and pui-e water. Pure air we should have at all times, for 
without i)ure air we woidd not live. This air we should have at night- 
time as well as in the daytime, therefore, our sleeping rooms should be 
well ventilated. The windows should be kept open top and bottom in 
warm weather, and in cold weather open at the bottom according to 
the out dooi' temperature. In moderate weather three or four inches 
would be suificient, and in very cold weather when there is a high 
pressure or very cold out of doors, the window should be shut down as 
far as possible, as enough air is forced through the crevices around 
the window^s. 

The air we inhale is charged with oxygen or life-giving substances. 
The air we exhale from our lungs is charged with carbon, and is poison- 
ous to human life. Tt is very heavy and lies low, therefore, to let air 
in the sleei)ing rooms |)i-operly, the window should be kept up from the 
bottom to let the heavy air escajx'. The window lowered from the top 
will leave out the hot ail' of the room but not the heavy air, as it will 
not rise to that height. 

To know this is very important in case of any one being sick and 
lying in this I'oom. To have pure air and avoid a draft may be had 
by placing a board at the bottom inside of the opening and on the in- 
side of the window frame when you can get the pure air without hav- 
ing it blow i-ight across the room. In very severe cold weather where 
you have a sick i)ers()n in the room and you dare not open any windows 
at all, or perhaps the door in case of contagion, a very good way of 
purifying the air of the room that the sick person occupies is in taking 
towels and dipping them in water that has enough salt in it to give it 



HYGIENICS. 303 

a good salty ta.ste and hanging thcni hi-ouikI the cooiii. oi- having lime 
water, oi- chloi'ide of lime Writei-. into wiiich to dip the towels and hang 
around the room. They will absorb the impure air and keep the cham- 
ber pure if renewed from time to time. The same can also he done in 
hot weather foi- cooling the air, as the evaporation of water is a well- 
known cooling process. 

In coinitries where the climate is very hot and the people have no 
oppoi'tuiiity of getting cold water, tliey have earthen jars that hold 
several gallons of water. 'J'hey are porous, and the water conung 
through the pores of these earthen jars trickle down the side and drop 
to the ground. If this i)rocess of evaporation of the water contained 
in these jars is kei)t up, the water is about the same temperature as 
spring water. 

Another imi)ortant factor is the position of people when they 
sleep. It is much better to get pure air when lying in bed with the 
head in the middle of the room, and not have the head stuck in the 
end oi" the corner of the room where there cannot be any free circula- 
tion of air. 

It is also impoi'tant that pure air should exist in all parts of our 
homes and houses. One thing that is mostly overlooked is the ventila 
tion of cellars. Cellai-s are receptacles in many instances for storing 
all kinds of matter, also the family supply of potatoes, vegetables, 
milk, cheese and other things. It is, therefore, necessary to have the 
pure air in the cellar as well as any other part of the house. Cellars 
should have walls whitewashed at least once a year. The tioor if not 
cemented should be saturated with lime water made from a thin white- 
wash, as that will penetrate the ground and keep the cellar pure. 
Houses that are heated from furnaces located in the cellar should draw 
their supply of fresh air from the out-door air. Ventilation of the 
house should always be the first consideration, as that contributes 
largely to health, comfort and enjoyment of life. There should be 
some ventilation in the top of houses to leave out hot and bad odors 
and bad aii'. 

The l)looil in the human l)ody is its nourishment. It nourishes 
the nniscles, the brain and the whole body if it is in a healthy condition. 
The blood has to pass once every hour night and day through the lungs 
to be purified by Ibe atmospheric air. When the blood enters the 
lungs it is black. Wlien the air has acted upon it in the lungs it goes 
back to nourish the body in a light red color, it having received from 
the air the oxygen, iron and other substances necessary to life. If this 
process of purifying the blood by air through the lungs is stopped, 
and the blood goes back not purified a person will not live long, as the 
blood has become carbonized. This shows the necessity of inhaling 



304 HYGIENICS. 

pure air, and to do it, riyht persons should adopt th(^ haliit of expand- 
ino' thf lun^s several times a day so that every pmi of the lungs is in 
woi'king order to purify the hlood for the nourishment of the body. 

Respiration— Breathing 

Respiration, liuinan: In the ordinary i-espiration of a man .six- 
teen or .seventeen euhie inches of atmospheric air pass into the luny'S 
twenty times a minute cn' a cnhic foot evei-y live and oiie-((uarter 
minutes; 274 cubic feet, in twenty-four hours. 

'Pile luiiiis hold 274 cubic feet in twenty-four hon.i's. Durinj;- the 
act of inspiration, the lungs have been found to be the coldest part of 
the body. 

We l)reath twenty times in one minute, or 1200 times in one 
hour if in healthy condition. The heart in a healthy grown person 
beats on an average 72 times a, minute, or 4320 times in one hoiu'. In 
cases of typhoid and other fevers th(^ heartbeats as counted by the 
pulse from SO to as high as 130. There are also persons whose 
pulse beats only fi'om •')() to (iO times a minute. These are usually 
fleshy people of a lymphatic nature. The average temperature oi' 
heat of the liunian body is DSi/-. degi'ees Kahr<Mdieit. In case of 
fevers the tem[)erature of the human body rises to fi'om 100 to 
302 and 104, and sometimes, but not often, to lOH degrees. The 
quickest to find out if anyone is sick and whether there is any serious 
trouble is l)y the use of the clinic thermometer. Put it under the 
tongue or arm of the patient, and if the thermometer indicates a nuich 
higher temperature than 981/2, you should send for a doctor at once; 
if the thermometer does not go higher than 981/^ there is nothing 
serious the matter with the patient. 

Sunlight is oik^ of the piu'ifiers of air and bl(»od, and lielps our 
existence by heat. During the expansion of air heated cpuintities of 
\vaiMn air pass along the dust producing eaith, leaving a, vacuum in 
the ;itniosphere that is lilled uj) 1)\- the (puintity of cold air, from higher 
regions moving in op|)osite directions that I'ushes through to till up 
the vacant sj)ace left by the warm air. This is an everyday occurrence 
in the atmospheric air. 

Sunlight is health pi'oducing and creates growth in plant life 
as well as in animals and in the human body: therefore, persons should 
exercise themselves in the out-of-door air and in sunlight by walking 
and by riding every day. Sunlight is also a purifier of air in rooms 
and houses for the same rea.son that as the air expands into warm 
air. it will renew the air in almost every corner of rooms by having 
the house exposed to sunlight. This is called rotation of air. There 
is another expansion of air called colorics. This is used for producing 



HYGIENICS. 305 

power or energy in machinery, and is one of the simplest machines for 
househokl oi* for any pui'posc of riiniiiuL;- liuht iiiacliinei-y. 

Snnliulit is heneticial to .sick persons if tliey will take walks in 
snnlig-ht, except when excessively liot wealliei ])i-evails. The inhala- 
tion of warm expantlecl aii- into llie lungs acts as a, tonic and strength- 
ener. Persons should walk with their ciiest thrown out, and at a mod- 
erate speed, and should also exercise the lungs by inhaling and ex- 
haling thereby producing expansion and contraction of Inngs during 
this walk. 

Pure water is a necessity of life. Two-thirds of the weight of 
persons in good health consists of water. It can be, therefore, readily 
understood what a large factor watei- is to our existence, and also how 
important it is to have this water pure. By pui'e water we understand 
that water which is free of substances that are injurious to health. 
Spring waters are considered pure waters, yet there are many spring- 
waters that contain mineral substances injurious to health, and other 
spring waters that contain substances that are held in solution that are 
of great benefit to health, and persons in ill-health often travel many 
miles to obtain such of these spring waters as are suited to their case 
of disease. 

The water of springs where its qualities are not known should be 
tested by chemical analysis to find out that they are not contaminated 
by any injurious substances. 

Water in the country taken from wells dug in the ground should 
be used with great care and examined from time to time as to its 
purity and pollution. At many farm houses the water in the wells 
that is used for the family and for their domestic animals has become 
impure and polluted unknowingly to the persons iLsing it from cess- 
pools and other places around the farm yard, and very often through 
rodents working holes through the ground so that substances lying 
on top of the soil are washed into it by rains. 

WelLs should be examined or cleaned out at least once a year, or 
every two years, so that the water supply of the premises is kept in 
good condition. 

The supi)ly of water in large and small cities has become a very 
serious question in this century. Nearly all cities have outgrown their 
water supply, and it has been tpiite a serious problem with many of 
the authorities to solve this question. Many of our cities take their 
supply of water fi-oni the rivei's and streams ni^arby. The water in 
these rivers has become polluted from industrial establishments along 
its banks, and even in the valleys of .streams by the discharge of sewer- 
age, water of dye-houses and various other things, where large (juanti- 
ties of water have been used for washing purposes and discharged into 



306 HYGIENICS. 

the stream of water, and on the snppo.sition that water will purify 
itself in the course of its flow in the river, cities and conmumities take 
their tlrinking' water fi-oin these rivers. Waters pui-ify themselves 
where there is two opposite eh-nnMits in the water that come together 
as with water coming' fi'om cojd mines that is tilled with sulfuric acid 
coming- together with water containing lime in solution. In this case 
the lime will neutrali/j^ the .sulfuric acid and the sulfuric acid the lime, 
thereby producing a better water than the water containing lime in 
solution before. 

But this purifying process of lime and sulfuric acid does not de- 
stroy the disease germs that these streams are j)ollute(l with from the 
sewerage and other sul)stances that How into it. Water to be usctl as 
drinking water from such an unreliable water sui)ply should be ster- 
ilized, l)ut not left on the range in the tea-kettle all night and then be 
used for tea or coffee for breakfast. Water left heating all night is 
not fit for use, for all the oxygen and life substances in the water have 
been destroyed. 

In reservoirs of water that supply cities with water, the water 
begets a foul taste and smell, beeause it has become stagnant and im- 
pure l»y till' ])resence in the water of a. gi'owlh ol* animal and vegetable 
life, called agea. Such watei* can be purified readily by dissolving 
sulphate of copper and adding it to the water in the reservoir. The 
quantity is so iiiHnitely small that its pi'<'sence in the water is per- 
fectly harmless. The City of Butte in Montana purifies its water by 
adding one j)ound of suli)hate of copper to 100, ()()() pounds of water, 
or say one poiuid in 12,500 gallons or 250 barrels, counting tifty gal- 
lons to the barrel. The wholesale j)i"ice of sulphate of copper is only 
about five cents a poinid. It was found that this chemical destroyed 
the growth of agea in the wafer. The agea absorbed the sulphate of 
copper and flowed to fhe lop like a thin scum and flowed over the dam, 
or overflow, down the stream, leaving the water perfectly clear and 
tasteless and also Tree of the chemical. Upon analysis of the water 
no trace of the sulphate could be found. This simple and cheap pro- 
cess can also be applied with the same result to stagnant waters on 
the farm, to reservoirs of rain water, rain water barrels and cisterns, 
and act as a preventive of nuilaria and typhoid fever. 

Water is a iioui'ishnK'nt and stimulant when, after boiling, it is 
cooled off and enough salt added to nuike it palatable. One or two 
gla.sses taken soon after rising in the morning will be found nourishing 
and healthful. It also becomes an excellent stimulant in cases of ex- 
treme weakness and debility, and an excellent remedy for the ordinary 
clisordei's of the stomach. This remedy is always ready and at hand. 



HYGIENICS. 307 

Water is also of great use in ease of rheumatism, neuralgia, or 
other severe pains throughout th(^ body by making a hot pack, that is 
to say by dipping blankets into hot wati'r and rolling the patient into 
these blankets and wrap a dry one on the outside. Put the patient 
to bed, cover up with plenty of bed-clothes and leave there for about 
an hour. This will prove an excellent remedy when many other things 
fail. Water is used cold in nuich the same way as the warm pack. 
This is done by taking one or two sheets together and dipping them 
into cold water. Wrap the patient up in these and let him remain so 
for about five minutes, then take off' and I'ub the body off with a dry 
towel. This jiroduces a good circulation of l)lood throughout the body 
and is a hardener for the prevention of colds. This is a part of the so- 
called Kneipp cure. 

Water for Baths 

There arc many ways to bathe — in rivers, in the ocean, but most 
at home in the bath tub, and this, the last, is the pai't I will speak of. 
Bathing water should be as pure and as clean as for drinking. There 
is just as nuich danger from contagious diseases in bathing in impure 
water as there is in drinking it. Every bath-room should have a 
thermometer to tell the temperature of the i-oom, and also the tem- 
perature of the water before taking the bath. The temperature of 
the blood of the human body is 98i^ degrees ¥. The Avarm bath should 
not be warmer than blood heat as that is weakening. The best tem- 
perature f(U' the warm bath is 90 degrees. A person i-emaining in this 
for fifteen minutes will find the water to have risen to blood heat. The 
so-called cold bath should also be tested with a thermometer. Cold 
water varies from 32 to 75 degrees, and for the cold bath the water 
should be not less than 75 degrees, even for the so-called plunge, as 
there is 23 degrees of temperature between that and blood heat. 

The water in the bath-tub can be changed by the addition of salt 
or other substances which certain conditions of the person requires. 
Every person should take a bath at least once a week if at all con- 
venient to do so. If not convenient to do so a cold or warm sponge 
bath taken by rubbing the body all over with a sponge or towel will 
keep a person in perfect health. 

There is still one other way of using water as a curative. Where 
persons have taken cold one of the quickest ways of obtaining relief 
is by going to bed and sweating it out. IMany persons make the excuse 
that they cannot sweat. A good way to bring the perspiration out on 
them is to make some boiling water, pour into a bucket, stand it on 
the floor in front of the bed and have the person lying in bed lean over. 
Hang a blanket, quilt or something heavy over their head and let them 



308 HYGIENICS. 

open their nimith jukI inhale this warm steam that rises from the 
watt'i- in the l)uek('t. In winter time the temperature should be kept 
warm. This steam can be made vim-v agreeable by puttin*i' some ai-o- 
matic herbs, such as g'erman ehainoinile or the flowers that drop t'l-om 
hay, into tliis bucket and kecj) stirring- the water. This should be 
kept up about fifteen minutes. By that time the ix'i'son will he well 
under way of jx-rspirinu' all ovci- the body. Then they should be cov- 
ered up. head, face and all, until they have had a free perspirino- all 
ovei- the body. They should then l)e rubbed down under cover, also 
excellent remedy for cases of neui'aluia or swelling of the head, face, 
toothache and many other things. 

As there is in all cases where persons have taken cold more or less 
fever present, by putting the j)()r(\s of the skin into activity through 
this perspiration, it will throw olf the ft^ver and make a cure ^vithout 
the use of any other remedy. Before taking this steam bath, nature 
c;m be assi.stcd to produce perspii'ation by hot drinks, such as hot water 
with a little salt in it, or teas of any kind, but the hot water is pref- 
erable. 

Food 

An old saying that we cannot live on air aloiu' is true. We need 
some solid substances to live on. This we call food. Food for human 
beings differs in the different periods of life. The food of children or 
babies I will not enter into, as the difference of conceiving what is 
good for babies is best left for the mothers and nui'ses. 

Half-grown persons should have good nourisbing substantial food 
that will nourish the body while it is making its growth. Many young 
persons die before maturity from want of proper nourishment. That 
is to say, they may have had sufficient nourishment of solids and 
liciuids, 1uit not of the I'ight quality. The food of half-grown persons 
should consist of such nourishment as contains the substances that 
make bone and sinew, flesh and blood of the right consistency. These 
substances ai-e best or easiest found in cereals, such as wheat, rye, 
bai-lcy, coi-n, rice and also oth<'r cereals, as most of these substances 
if ground whole contain limes and phosphates, two of the most neces- 
sary substances Tor the noui'islniieiit of the body. This along with 
milk, eggs and other alhunienoids like meat should be the diet of young 
])ers()ns while attaining their growth. Pai-ents should avoid giving 
their children any kinds of i-icli food such as pastiy, cakes and sweet- 
meats. These substances will retard the body from making its proper 
growth as they will iiiterfere with the assimilation of solid substantial 
food taken at the same time, that is, they will not get the nourishment 
out of the solid foods that they should get out of them, 



HYGIENICS. 



309 



Food for Adults 

As ther.' ;..v ii„ two persons who Jook alike, there are no two per- 
sons whose or-,uis of diuestion work alike. There aiv rar.^ly two per- 
sons whose iKM-vous disposition ai.- alike, and this lias an" eflVet on 
dio'estion. Tlie oeenpation of people differs so verv -ivally that it 
^'■""''' '"■ ''-■"■'I '" ^'•':- \vlia1 kind of food would suit all and we' .-an 
only .uive -enera lilies. IN^'sons doin- ju-avy. iahuri.Mis. out-of-door 
work need li.^avy nourishiuu. fooil, while a i)er.son dcin- inside work 
nr liuht w-.fk and d,.es not -et the exercise thai ..nc does d..ino- out- 
door work, needs an .-nliivly different diet or food, ^riu- p.-rsou'loing 
ont-of-dooi- work, espeeially in the winter, shonld have fo<.d containing 
large amounts ..f niti-o-vn. oi- heat-giving substances, such as beef, 
pork, peas. I)eans and olli.-r lagunies. The person working inside should 
have foods which consist of substances that do not have niti-ouvn in 
theiji. Thcif meat should consist of laml), chicken and suitable veg- 
etables. This latl.-r part o.- kind of food is also reconnnended To 
elderly p<M.plc beyond tiie ag.' of fifty years. Old people should avoid 

*;'^"'- ■'" *' I '•'•m.-iinin- loo niuch niti-ogen like those reconnnended 

for {x^oplc doing hard out-of-door work. 

Digestive Organs 

I will mcliidr in my hygienic and physiological talk a few hints 
Mud prescriptions from which the writer has derived a great deal of 
benefit. Disordered stomachs are common every day occurrences. A 
preventive is the best cure. P^at your meals as warm as i)o.ssil)le: eat 
slowly and chew all your food well, so that the saliva of the mouth will 
mix with it, as that is the iii'st or the lieginning of the digestion. Eat 
a plate of wai-m .soup or drink hot coffee, tea or hot watei- with a 
little salt and milk in it. The last is the best of the three driidvs. Do 
not di-ink ice water, iced tea, or ice cold milk with your meals. By 
eating your food dry. the saliva will How more freely than with wet (u- 
soft food, and the diuestion from the admixture of the saliva will be 
much better, and the food will moiv readily assimilate and noiirisli the 
body. 

Take your main or ]u-incipal meal of heavy food in the middle 
of the day; have a liuht breakfast and supper and of Ihinns that are 
easily digested. Do not eat cucumber salads, only veiw few people ,.an 
digest it. Do not eat any article of food that your stomach ol).iects 
to, or that you know does not agree with you. If, after eating, persons 
feel bloated and uncomfortable, they can i-elieve themselves of this 
feeling by taking a luncli of liicarbonate of soda, or the so-called bak- 
ing soda, or .soda mint rablets. 



310 HYGIENICS. 

If a person is taken with cramps or colic in the stomach they will 
be relieved by taking fifteen to twenty drops of Sqnibbs' Diarrhoea 
and Cholera Mixture in about two tablespoonfuls of water, every half 
hour until relieved from the pains, then stop. In sevei-e cases like 
cholera morbus, where there is vomiting and purging, the dose should 
be increased to a teaspoonful in about four tablespoonfuls of water, 
and should be used until relieved. The formula for S(iuibbs' Mix- 
ture will be found in the United States Dispensarv, page 1513, 1896 
edition. If it cannot be procured, write to the firm of Squibbs Chem- 
ical Co. of Brooklyn, N. Y. , and they will be able to tell you where to 
obtain it near your home. 

SQUIBBS' DIARRHCEA MIXTURE 

(Tincture of Opium Compound, Dr. E. R. Squibb. ) 
Take of Tincture of Opium 1 tiuid ounce, 

Tincture of Capsicum 1 fluid ounce. 
Spirit of Camphor 1 fluid ounce. 
Cliloroform (drops) 180 minims. 
Alcohol to make up to 5 fluid ounces. Mix. 

In case the Squibbs' IMixture does not stop the vomiting, the use 
of imported apollinaris water, or if that cannot be had, take about a 
quarter of a teaspoonful of bi-carbonate of soda or baking soda, and 
mix with a tumbler of water. Take half a tumblerful of this water 
and mix with one half tumbler of milk. This should be luke warm, 
not any othei' way. If the patient vomits this it is best to continue to 
give this soda water aiul milk until the great strain arising from the 
vomiting or trying to vomit, from an empty stomach, has been allevi- 
ated. It is sometimes found that it is necessary to take three or four 
doses before any of it is retained by tlie stomach and the vomiting 
stopped. 

One of Ihe gi'eat sufferings is fi'om the stomach working wrong. 
It is tilletl u|) with aii" oi' gas and becomes inflated, pressing against the 
diaphragm oi' the che.st, causing a feeling of fullness, hai'd breathing 
and pain in the chest and often in the heart. I give here a prescrip- 
tion of a medicine that one, oi- two doses will cure every time. The 
rest of the medicine can be kept for future use, as it will keep several 
years if proi)erly corked. Page 1511, 272 U. S. Dispensary. 

Prescription for curing and preventing the gathering of gases or air in the 

stomach, sometimes called "Wind Colic. 

Aromatic Spirits of Ammonia one (1) dram. 

Soda Bicarbonate (baking soda) one (1) dram. 

Peppermint Water three (3) ounces. 

To be well mixed. Shake the bottle before taking it. 

Dose. -For a grown person : one(l) teaspoonful in water every half hour 
until relieved. Two or three doses make a cure, then stop taking, and keep 
medicine for future use. 



HYGIENICS. 311 

Another veiy good stonuu'li remedy for nervous dyspepsia or 
nervous feeliug in the stomach, is relieved by one or two doses of the 
following prescription : — 

Soda Bicarbonate (baking soda) one (1) dram. 
Cherry Laurel Water one (1) dram. 
Peppermint Water three (H) ounces. 
Syrup Rubi Aromatic two (2) drams. 
To make four (4) ounces. Shake the bottle before using. 
Dose. — One tablespoonful every two hours. Stop taking after third dose, if 
relieved. 

This acts also as a quieting medicine in case of grief from loss of 
a friend by death or other losses. It also prevents and relieves 
hysteria and epilepsy. 

One of tilt' main causes for disease also arises from indigestion 
and consti])ati()n. Persons' diet should bt' ai-ranged to constitute such 
eatables that keeps their system regular. Persons who eat two, three 
or four times a day should know that after the sy.stem has absorbed 
the nourishment that was in this food, the waste material that con- 
tains no more nourishment should lie gotten out of their l)ody. If this 
waste material is not gotten rid of every day there will be trouble, 
the person becoming sick. If, howevei'. nature wiJl not help itself 
and have a discharge every day, it liecomes necessary to resort to 
reiiit'dies that will i'»^lieve and clean out the body. 

For some persons take a tablespoonful of Rochelle salts and di- 
vide it into two tumblers of water and drink them on I'ising in the 
morning. In one houi-'s time, in most cases, it will have done its work 
and washed out the boily. Again, you can take [jhosphate of sodiiun 
dissolved in warm water and take about a little more than the Rochelle 
salts in the same amount of water. 

One other good remedy tiiat will act very agreeably, as you do not 
feel its action at all, is a tablet or pill of aloin and cascara. The action 
of one or two of these tal)lets will move a pei'son 's bowels without 
affecting the stomach. This i-emedy does not woi-k until after it gets 
down into the laru'er bowels. Of gi'eat assistant is a quart of lukewarm 
water in a fountain syringe. 

Vomiting is oik^ of tlie modes by which nature helps itself, by throw- 
ing out substances I'l-om llie stomach that are ol),jeetionaI)le to it or 
poisonous. With poisoning the case of \oniiting is a, blessing; when, 
however, it comes from catarrh of the stomach, it is long, lasting and 
continuous. One of the best remi-dies is the same as the last remedy 
given in the case of cholera morbus. After vomiting is stopped, give 
the patient a rest and some food, such as barley broth oi- something 
that will give the stomach coating again. One more remedy for 



312 HYGIENICS. 

stomach trouble is tlu^ oiitwfii'd jipplication of a mustard plaster or 
mustard poultice. 

Take two heaping tal)lesi)0()nfuls of mustard aud two of grouud 
flaxseed, mix them together dry, theu pour boiling water on it and 
stir, making it of thin consistency. I'ut this l)etvveen two thin nuisliu 
cloths. Put one on the stomach as hot as the patient can bear it. 
This can remain for sevei-al hours if kept hot, as ground flaxseed 
mixed with it will picveiit it from drawing a blister. To keep the 
plaster hot, take a rubber bag or hotth's with hot water in it and put 
ag'ainst it, which will k'ccp it hot for a long time. This acts as a 
count(M' ii'ritant, a.s the nnistard will iri'italc and i-edden the skin on 
the outside and will draw out any intlainniation that might exist in 
the inner parts. 

Stomach Trouble 

Th(^ following is in addition to what I have said on the subject 
in anolhcr part and which 1 had forgotten. It treats on diarrh(fia 
or dysentery. I did say that every household should have a fountain 
syringe. (ireat relief can be obtained by washing out the bowels 
after each passage, by using the syringe containing warm water, into 
which has been placed five or ten drops of paregoric. This will relieve 
the burning sensation or pain in the lower bowels, caused by the acid 
or gastric juice in the undigested food as it passes out of the body. 
By following this it very often effects a cure and the diarrhoea will 
stop without using anything else. This also checks the irritation. 
The tube should be lubricatetl w ith a little vaseline. 

Olive oil, also often called sweet oil, has great value in a great 
many ailments that befall human beings. 

In croupy cough by ehildr(Mi a t<'as[)oonful of oil given every hour 
for several houi's, often not only gives relief, hut makes a c\u'e in 
children that are pooi- in Hesh and do not thrive. A tea or tahlespoon- 
ful according to the age of the child, given three or four times a day, 
often will build u]) their system in a short time. One of the great 
cures that have been made by olive oil is a disc^ase called appendicitis. 
This has been cured by freely using olive oil, a tablespoonful given 
every hour for several days having: iiuuie a complete cure in many 
cases. Ap])endici1 is is I he inllanniial ion of a vei-y small howel that 
is at1ache(l lo 1 he l;irge howi'l. and has nil inlet at the bowel, but on the 
othei- end closed. In healthy condition it is the si/e of an ordinary 
sized thumb of a num. If any hai'd substance gets down into it and 
nature cannot throw it out. because the cover or clasp at the end of the 
howel does not woi'U easy for want of cleaning and greasing, then in- 
flaiinnation sets in and a i)ers()n afliicted will suffer great pain. This 



HYGIENICS. 313 

is about tlu' usual symploiii of the disease. \\\ usiuii olive oil freely 
it greases tlie l)o\vels ineludiuu' the appendix and softens everything. 
The usual way for most doetors to cure tliis danuerous disease is by the 
use of the knife; they i)effoi"ni an o[»eratioii 1)\' openinu- the lower paii 
of the alxloiiien and eut oft' the appendix. This is almost a daily 
oeeurrenee. If tlie wound where the ap|)endix is eiil oil' feslei's, oi' 
was already festered when the operation was nuide, the ease usually 
tui'us out fatal for the patient. Our son Charles was opiM'ated on and 
in a few da\s it festered and he died. Wt^ <lid not know of thi^ olive 
oil eure or 1 would surely have resorted to this .simple remedy lirst. 
I have heard of one doetor who uses this olive oil eure very success- 
fully. The contents of the appendix that have been removed have 
been examined ; some claim that grape antl raisin, also other fruit seeds 
are said to have been tlie eaiLse foi' appendicitis. One professor made 
a thorough investigation and found the cause to be sharp pieces of 
chips of glaze from agate pots or glazed iron ])ols that broke loose and 
had gotten into the i^atahles and lodged into the appendix. Oil can 
also be administeretl with a syrir;ge through the i-ectum. This is done 
in severe eases of constipation and great benefit is derived from it. 

Camphoratc^d oil is also v(M'y beneficial in cases of severe colds to 
rub in on the skin. 

The cause of the disease called appendicitis, according to a state- 
ment published recently by one of our celebrated doctors, who has 
made a thorough examination of the contents of the a})pendix that had 
been taken out of patients operated on for ai)p(Midicitis, that in many 
eases he found pieces of hard sharp glaze which had broken off pans, 
}>ots or dishes made of ii'on and glazed, and used to cook in. This is 
also known as agate ware. When left on tii'c it becomes overheated and 
the gla/.(^ lireaks off and gets into the eatables which are swallowed 
unnoticed. 

Rheumatism Preventives 

"One ounce of prevention is woi'th a pound of cure." This espe- 
cially holds good in rheumatism. All medical authorities agree that 
rheumatism is ])roduced by a sour digestion in the stomach, or else 
they call it by an acid diatlK^sis that means a soui' digestion. Aft(^i" 
persons find the first indication of i-heumatic pains in any pai-1 of 
their bodies, they should regulate their diet or their food so as to avoid 
this sour digestion, which can be done by observation of the articles of 
the daily diet which produce this soui' turn or acid condition, of which 
sugar or sweets of any kind, which certainly produce an acid I'er- 
meutation in the stomach, is the main cause, and thei-eby causing a 



314 Hygienics. 

larger quantity of uric acid than the liver and kidneys can eliminate 
or take out of their body. 

The drinking of one or two tunil)lers of water, either warm or 
cokl, with a little salt t)n rising in the moi-ning, also upon i-etiring at 
night, will assist nature considerably by Hushing oi- washing out the 
larger quantities of uric acid. Every person should pass at least one 
and a half quarts of licpiids through their bodies daily. The use of 
the water in this manner is considered an excellent preventive of 
rheumatism. To this water might also be added some lithia tablets, 
about five grains at one time. This is also a known preventive of 
rheumatism. 

A very good preventive is to stop the nise of Rhine wine, cham- 
pagne, brandy and othei- alcoholic drinks. With many persons these 
named articles will bring on rheumatic gout very quick — in fact, a 
great deal faster than they can get rid of it. There are many persons 
whose system or bodies are predisposed to have rheumatic gout without 
the u>se of alcoholic drinks. They are usually of the stout or lymphatic 
kind with a slow working liver and kidneys. 

Rheumatism 

Another disease of the digestive organs called by medical books 
a disea.se of the nutrition or nourishment of the body, is rheumatism. 
It is rather a big undertaking for a layman to give advice in regard to 
the cure of I'heumatism, when it is such a big tax on physicians to 
make cures of this disease, especially when the United States Dispen- 
sary, under the head of three kinds of rheumatism, gives nearly 200 
articles of medicine for the cure of this disease for the doctors to 
choose from. 

Ordinary Rheumatism 

Pains in shoulders, joints, oi- in difl'ei'ent parts of the body, also 
lumbago and nnisculai" rheumatism. 

The writer who has been subject to attacks of rheumatism for the 
biggest part of his lifetime will give his experience of his most suc- 
cessful cures that, after trying medicines prescribed and not getting 
the proper result therefrom, he found that by lying in bed and drink- 
ing hot teas or stimulants and covering up his whole body, even his 
head, and getting into a thorough pei'spiratit)n, keeping it up for an 
hour or moi't\ and while this perspiring is going on, rub him.self with 
a towel under the cover, this exercise will help to make the perspira- 
tion How still more freely. This process of rubbing and working with 
the different parts of the body, and at the same time discharging a 
copious amount of water from pores of the body, thereby getting rid 



HYGiEisriCS. 315 

of a large quantity of uric acid, and therefore getting relief from 
the pains and a cure from the disease. This should be the first thing 
done to try for the cure of rheumatism. Care should be taken to 
have the room warm and the clothes in being changed shoukl also he 
warm, and the person should lay in bed for half a day jit least and 
take some nourishing food that does not contain anything vei-y sour or 
very sweet. If this does not make a cure, the same thing should be 
repeated again the following day, but in the majority of cases this will 
make a cure. Another way to get a good sweat is by taking a turkish 
bath, preferably in your own home. 

Sciatica Rheumatism 

This, next to inflanunatory, is the most painful of the different 
kinds of rheumatism, as it attacks the sciatic nerve in the body, 'i'he 
writer has had some very excellent residts in the cure? of this disease, 
by the use of Eades Gout and Rheumatic Pills, made in London, Eng- 
land, and obtainable at almost every drug store in our large cities. 
Often live or six of these pills have made a complete cure. The direc- 
tions are on each bottle, but I will say in addition that they should be 
used very carefully and after five or six pills have been used, the per- 
son should stop for several days or a week before taking any more of 
them, as they are very powerful. The writer has also had very good 
results in -illaying terrible pain caused by sciatica I'heumatism hy the 
use of Spanish fly l)listers. The writer has used them in the following 
manner, by taking a piece of adhesive or sticking plaster about four 
inches wide and about twelve inches long, through the middle of this, 
about one and a half or two inches ajiai'f took the fly blister salve, 
made five spots a little larger than a nickle and about the thickness of 
a knife blade, and laying on the outer side of the leg where the pain 
was the greatest, between the knee joint and the hip joint, the blisters 
to lay on the nerve between the muscles. This will produce a blister 
in from six to eight houi-s and nearly as large as a half dollar. As 
soon as the blisters appear, the pain from the rheumatism ceases, and 
in my case it has not returned up to the present time. Be very care- 
ful in removing the .sticking i)laster not to take off the skin of the 
l)li.ste!-. Open the blisters on downward side to leave water out. I'hese 
should then be poulticed for at least two days. These poultices should 
be made of ground flaxseed and boiling water, made like a thin dough, 
put between two cloths and applied as warm as patient can bear it. 
Care should be taken that the skin of the blister ivmains on. The 
poultice can be kept warm for a long time, by applying a rubber bag- 
filled with wai'm water on the outside of the poultices. The poultices 



316 HYGIENICS. 

should be iiiatk' with liot watei' aiul ])Ut on warm eiiouyh so as not to 
burn, between two thin rags, and renewed when cooled off. 1 forgot 
to state that the blisters should be perforated at the lowest part so that 
the water ean run ou1 freely. The wounds can be heahHl in a few days 
l)y llic use of zinc ointment on a piece of muslin and fastened on with 
a piece of sticking plaster to kcei) it in phice. If this does not make 
an entii'e cui'e. tlie same can be applied on the other limb the same way 
until the pain is all gone, but I had full relief and cure upon one appli- 
cation. The writei' has used Spanish tly salve many times in the last 
forty years and always with good result. The salve does not bui'ii or 
hurt while it draws a blistei'. If it is desirable not to heal the wounds 
from blistei's too (piick make a brown soap plaster, nii.x soap and 
molasses or dissolved sugar. 

Inflammatory Rheumatism 

Having had intlanuiiatoi'y i-lieumatisni sevei'al times, and vei-y 
severely in the hip joint, and ti-ying different applications. First try- 
ing wai-m and then cold, I finally received the most beneiit by the 
application of towels dipped in cold water and laid on for sevei-al 
hours until the inflammation has passed away; at the same time taking- 
inward lemedy to allay any fever that is usually pi-esent in the state 
of iuHanunatoi'y rheumatism. A new article now being used foi' out- 
ward a])i)lication is anti-phlogestine or tlogestine; tliis takes out the 
intlannnation. If the above will not make a cui'c, it is best to send 
for the doctor. 

Chronic or Calcaras Rheumatism 

The best remedies foi- this is in such articles that are solvents of 
IIm' lime and the uric acid that accumulates in the joints of the limbs, 
and let it i)ass out of the system by drinking i;lenty of water. Among 
the best known remedies is ])hosph()ric waters and a chemieni calbnl 
calcara tluorica, reeonnnended by Dr. Schissler of Oldenlnirg, (ier- 
niany. The continuous use of lithia water and also peper-racine 
water are the most beneficial. For furthei- information consult youj' 
d(K-tor. 



ilnltalt &rB ftnttBrhi^n aIl|ftUH. 



©eite. 

9lcfennann, (If)riftine 73 

SUtleiittngen 20 

9ln'G 3Sater[anb 29 

2(uflebuiqer, 2io^» 44 

aCalter, neb. 1897 44 

23au(]^er, ® 55 

SeBtoanger, Jyreb 50 

Sen^, <ftatr)arina 48 

33iff)op, GmtUe 48 

Slaijlotf, ma 55 

Sreuntgiueiler 28 

Siid^lin, ©lifabetf) max\) i(\ 

goof, 9Imalia, geb. 1860 66 

©eorge, geb. 1864 66 

5o^n, Cieb. 1830 66 

^atf)arina SRittet = , geb. 1834 66 

Souifn, geb. 1858 66 

(Soopcr, 3of)n 3 44 

2)arnaucr, 2lnna Jrippel: 54 

grebericf ®eo., geb. 1901 54 

§eri)ian, geb. 1898 54 

2Ci(f)elm, geb. 1873 54 

"J^er I)onner5berg 28 

Tieutfd^Ianb 17 

S)oug^ertv, SBilbur 44 

®reifen 16 

©umont, Sofepf) 48 

Kroger, 3., geb. 1876 55 



5'. 

©eite. 

eyreunb, (Eija^ 55 

^rie(ei-, Seffte 55 

't^'v'ohVid) ^pfali, ®ebid}t 18 

m 

©ebet, ein 15 

©egentjeimer, 2ouifa H4 

S^cifer, Tlavi) 67 

.s^anibeil, jTat[)avina 54 

.'pniinnet, ^Jlbam 49 

3lnna 50 

GHfnbetf) JRittev: 49 

^vnnces 50 

^rieba 50 

§ilba 50 

!3ba (ginilta 3ofepf)ina 50 

^ate 50 

m[d)ad 50 

■ipOilipina ©ttrolina 50 

2CiItiatn Jyrebericf 50 

$edfer, Carolina 73 

.^lefferid, 2Ct[f)elmina 45 

^olafjaufer, 3lbolpf) 2B 87 

Gtara, geb. 1<S7() 87 

©eorge ^., geb. 1877 87 

^Sof)n, geb. 1878 87 

Sofepf) %., get). 1880 87 

^arl, geb. 1883 87 

Stjsic, geb. 1875 87 

9JJargaret, geb. 1889 87 

gjJanj, geb. 1872 87 

^^ilipine 85 

^r^erefia 3Mtters geb. 1848 87 

aBil^etm, geb. 18S(i 87 

5lipp, 3lbotpF) evreberid 54 

2lnna Sufanne 54 

©ecitia 3{itter= 54 



Sette. 

^ipp, ('friebric^ SBtl^elm 54 

©eorge 54 

^trc^F)eim an ber Gcf 24 

^od^, 3of)anneg 66 

^iif)lfopf, glara Jfierefia, fleb. 1870 84 

Gbitf) aSictoria, geb. 1889 84 

(jafabetl) 84 

(Smma, qeb. 1872 84 

5of}n, fleb. 1832 84 

So^n 58 , fleb. 1868 84 

«arl G., (leb. 1879 84 

^ntfjarina mHev-, fleb. 1845 84 

ilat^artno, fleb. 1866 84 

SeonOaib $., geb. 1884 84 

^^tlip, geb. 1882 84 

2BiI^elm, geb. 1875 84 



S. 

Seiningen 20 

2o^, 6. 5 48 

Charlotte 48 

2outfe 9iittcr= 48 

aBil^elm 48 

Sucfart, Safob 48 



3». 

3narff)afr, SUbert 55 

SReier, Glifabet^ 5Ritter=, geb. 1839 79 

^riebrtc^, geb. 1869 79 

®eorg, geb. 1823 79 

©eorg, geb. 1859 79 

Soui^a, geb. 1882 79 

2Rat^tIba, geb. 1876 79 

^^ilip, geb. 1867 79 

aBtl^elm, geb. 1878 79 



5«ame Slitter 30 

5^euH 33 



©eitc. 

Dcfer§, eilen, geb. 1902 48 

5ltttr)aiina 3iitter=, geb. J879 48 

2Cirf)elm 48 

Dstoalb, ^fjttipine,, geb. 1810 41 

Drt^, aJJan) 55 

^:iSarfon, ^Jlargoretfja 3iitter-' 71 

SJobert 71 

Sittter, 9tame ;^0 

©tammfjau^ ber ^amilie 33 

aSorfafjren bev JflfiiHe 31 

21bam, geb. 1871 48 

2(belina S., geb. 1860 74 

9letna 48 

Sllbert, geb. 1877 83 

9lmanba, geb. 1879 7H 

3lmelia, geb. 18(;6 44 

3tnbren), geb. 1841 71 

SlnbreiD, geb. 1841 81 

2lnna Saroliim, geb. 1891 80 

2lnna TOarij, geb. 1868 46 

Saroline, geb. 1862 40 

gfjarteg, geb. 1870 46 

G^viftian, geb. 1790 41 

6f)ti[tian, geb. 1832 44 

erjriftian, geb. 1844 67 

g^viftiau, geb. 1867 55 

e^riftiau 2CiU)elm, geb. 1866 68 

(Slnra ©op[}ia, geb. 1888 86 

Slifforb, geb. 1895 48 

CDaniel, geb. 1832 75 

©aniel, geb. 1832 75 

S)aniel, geb. 1878 44 

©elia, geb. 1858 40 

1>oretf)ea (glifabett), geb. 1877 46 

©branrb, geb. 1862 43 

emit, geb. 1871 44 

emma, geb. 1859 55 

(^mnta 9iebeffa, geb. 1881 68 



<Seite. 

mtiev, eiifabeU), ge5. 1839 71 

eafabetr), geb. 1845 42 

eiifabet^, geb. 1851 54 

eiifabet^, geb. 1871 ••...:•:•••• 76 

eiifabetMl""", fleb. 18(34 74 

eiifttbetf) gjjniinba, 1877 44 

eiifabetf) ^feiiino, c\eb. 1865 68 

eyrnnf asalentin, «eb. 1888 83 

gviebridj, a,eb. 1846 71 

5-riebrtc^, geb. 1847 85 

(yriebrtd^ $)enn), geb. 188i 86 

^riebvid) 3obn, geb. 1886 46 

g-riebi-icf) JBil^elm, geb. 1866 88 

©eorg g^riftian, geb. 1735 ..'. 32 

@eorg ©fjriftian, geb. 1760 38 

Oeorg S8., geb. 1861 55 

©eorge 40 

@eorg ^o^ann, geb. 1820 54 

©eo. 2Caf[)tngtoii, geb. 1873 83 

3ba2«., geb. 1883 76 

@eo. 355., geb. 1860 64 

t)emric^ S8 , geb. 1835 42 

§enn), geb. 1863 44 

$enn) ©., geb. 1868 83 

<perman Sojep^, geb. 1875 83 

feermina, geb. 1890 46 

3ba, geb 1872 31 

3afob, geb. 1830 42 

Jennie 48 

So^n, geb. 1827 73 

3ot)n, geb. 1852 55 

Sof)n Slnbrero, geb. 1871 83 

3or)n ©ottlieb, geb. 1874 46 

5of)n ^^i(ip, geb. 1837 47 

5o^n ^vbilip, geb. 1858 74 

Sobann, geb. 1792 51 

3of)ann, geb. 1826 55 

Sofiaun, geb. 1826 53 

Sor)ann, geb. 1827 71 

So[)ann, geb. 1876 76 

So^ann ^^itip, geb. 1801 69 

Sba, geb. 1872 44 

Sba m., geb. 1883 76 



©eitc. 

Slitter, Ravi 48 

^axl miguft, (?eb. 1879 H8 

^arl %., geb. 1S66 64 

.tatfiarina, g,eb. 1834 56 

.Katf)arina, geb. 1845 71 

Kat^arina, geb. 1808 72 

^atf)arina, geb. 1868 76 

^atf)arma 33en^, geb. 1836 48 

^at^arina 3Jl., geb. 1874 86 

5?atf)arina, geb. 1879 48 

^atf)arina Paulina, geb. 1871 68 

Saura Slbele, geb. 1872 68 

Sillian Slofa, geb. 1889 68 

Sijjie, geb. 1860 40 

Souife 40 

Souife 48 

2outfe, geb. 1857 55 

Souife, geb. 1874 48 

2ouife mai), geb. 1875 68 

Souife, geb. 1882 46 

Souife @egen[)etmer, geb. 1839 64 

Sorenj W^^'^V, geb 1788 39 

2ulu Sanie, geb. 1892 86 

SKagbafena 43 

3«argaretr)a, geb. 1841 71 

matia efirifttne, geb. 1879 86 

maxia Katf)artna, geb. 1882 83 

3Jlan), geb. 1849 55 

matr), geb. 1863 48 

man) 5(meHa, geb. 1867 68 

gjiari) eiifabetf), geb- 1872 86 

g«an) 3natf)tlbe, geb. 18.56 74 

ajlart) X., geb. 1873 76 

3Ktnnie TOot), geb. 1882 83 

Dtto gri^, geb. 1887 80 

^f)ilip, geb. 1835 71 

%i)iliV ®eorg, geb. 1848 54 

•^WiV 3., geb. 1861 64 

Wlip. geb. 1864 76 

^^ilip, geb. 1869 48 

^^ilip 3-, geb. 1876 86 

«|i^tltp 3 , geb. 1878 46 

«P^ilip ^o^n, geb. 1832 56 



Incite. 

SfJitter, ^^ilip ^oi)ann, geb. 183? 42 

^flilip 3of)ami, geb. 1870 76 

^^ilip So^ann, geb. 1877 68 

^^ilipina, geb. 1838 71 

^:;5l)ilipina Deicalb, geb 1810 41 

"^^^fliapina, geb- 1866 48 

iU)iltpina, geb. 1866 76 

^sI)oebe 9i. ^^ilipine, geb. 1838 77 

^boebe Jfierefta, geb. 1885 86 

Jiegina 2Kat^iIbe, geb. 1869 68 

Qarai) Slara, geb. 1873 68 

©ufanne, geb. 1846 54 

2:l)erefia, geb. 1848 71 

aUilbelm, geb. 1843 80 

aBilliam, geb. 1843 71 

aCil^elm ^enr^, geb. 1869 64 

aCm. aCaffjington, geb. 1887 46 

31ol)tfinf, I'ouife , 55 

Scf)erj, Sarolina, geb. 1875 78 

glora, geb. 1877 78 

Sofepf), geb. 1812 77 

Sofep^ ©., geb. 1868 78 

Sunie mai), geb- 1880 78 

5?at^arina, geb. 1859 78 

Souife, geb. 1872 78 

3natf)ilt»e, geb. 1862 78 

■^\)xl[V 21., geb. 1858 78 

^f)ilippine ^}Utter=, geb. 1838 77 

^f)iUpptne, geb. 1866 78 

S^erefia, geb. 1860 78 

®d)reiner, (Sua 32 

l^atbarina, geb. 1808 72 

SSalenttn 38 

©(^rocirtiel, Souife 80 

©tammt)au5 ber ^amitie Siitter 33 

©tabtler, 2ouife m., geb. 1844 82 

Steinnuum, 33ertf)a 48 

^f)oma5, Slarence 50 

2^rippel, 3lnna, geb. 1874 54 



©eite. 

Strippet, (Secilie, a,eb. 1870 54 

eiijabetl), geb. 1872 54 

©eorge, geb. 1846 54 

©ufanne SRitter^, cjeb. 1846... 54 

35anbergrift, ©(arence 40 

'iSielia 40 

eiijabetf) 40 

(Florence 40 

©eo. S 40 

Jennie 9JJ 40 

aCarreu e 40 

3Bm. ^ 40 

2Bm. 91 40 

33ogter, 3(malia goof=, geb. 1860 66 

©eorge, geb. 1864 66 

So^n 66 

Soiiifa, geb. 1858 66 

SSoigt, 'Ulan) 46 

S8ovfaf;ren ber ^yamilie Slitter 31 

SBamboIb, $ 40 

SBarner, 5fl""i^ 5-^ 

2BiU, eii^abetl) 52 

SBilliamo, $>orace 40 



Contents of the English PatL 



A 

PAGE 

A Noble Knight »1 

A Meditation on the T'hihis()|iliy of Tjife 277 

Ac'kerinan, ( 'liristina 220 

B 

Bauers. Lillian M 167 

Baugher, E 151 

Bayer, Emma 252 

Chas. P 252 

Beiswanger, Frederick 142 

Bennett, Ida E 252 

Cornelia 224 

Berg, Frank 272 

Maggie Matilda 272 

Bichlein, Elizabeth Mary 122 

Bishop, Emilie 129 

Blayhxk, Ella , 151 

Gladys Mary, born 1 ;»()] 235 

Brown, .lohn H 235 

.Julia Elisa, born 1S,S2 235 

James Buckner, born 1 884 235 

Metta Junie, born 1887 235 

Phoebe, born 18.S9 235 

William, born 189() 235 

Business Career of Philip J. Eitter 167 

c 

Cook, Amelia, born 1860 192 

George, born 1864 192 

John, born 1830 192 

Louisa, born 1858 192 

< 'rile, Amos 274 

Ollie, l)orn 1899 274 



D 

page; 

Darnauer, Frederick George, born 1901 148 

Herman, born 1898 148 

Wilhelin, born 1873 148 

Darner, Francis William, born 1886 263 

Francis William, Iwrn 1902 263 

John Jennings, born 1897 263 

Joseph Andrew, born 1886 263 

Lulu J., born 1890 263 

Mamie Ellen, born 1899 263 

Philip Byron, born 1 895 263 

Denser, Anna, born 1873 240 

Carl Henry, born 1897 263 

Christian, born 1868 263 

John Lewis, born 1900 263 

F 

Factories and Dwellings of Philip ,1. Ritter, Philadelphia 165 

Freund, Charles 151 

Fuller, Bessie 151 

Furey, ( 'hristian, born 1886 203 

Elizabetli May, born 1889 203 

Norman D., born 1892 203 

Thomas, born 1864 203 

G 

Ciegenlieimer, Louisa, born 1839 1 63 

(ienealogy of the Ritter Family 92 

German National Monument 13 

Germany 93 

Gilbert, Andrew 235 

Anna Mae 235 

Laren 235 

Gluck, John 209 

Goeppinger, Beatrice, born 1896 209 

George 209 

Leroy, born 19(11 209 

(Joodman, A 151 

Greenig, Adam -73 

Greeting to Our Hluod Relations 9 

Greiner, Joseph 274 

Grovier, Mai-y 228 



H 

PAGE 

Haniiiiel, Adam, born 1846 141 

Adam, born 1869 142 

Anna, born 1878 142 

Elisabeth Ritter-, born 1845 142 

Frances, liorii 187;{ 142 

Frieda, born 1875 142 

Hilda, born 1880 142 

Ida Emilia Josephina, born 1888 142 

Kate, born 1867 142 

Michael, born 1871 142 

Philipina C'aroliiui born 1883 142 

William Frederick, born 1886 142 

Haber, Elizabetli, born 1874 272 

Hart, Maggie, horn 1870 256 

Haubeil, Katherine 148 

Heeker, Caroline 220 

Heinzelman, William 142 

Hesseriek, Wilhelmina 122 

Hoefer, Mary L., born 1 848 196 

Holly, Welma, born 1873 189 

Holzhauser, Adolph W., born 1849 273 



Catharine Phoelje, born 1853 



i :ii 



•> 



Charles VV., born 1883 274 

Christian 273 

Clara, born 1876 274 

Emma, born 1 874 274 

Ceorge P 273 

George P., born 1877 274 

John P., born 1 856 273 

.lolm P., born 1878 274 

Joseph A., l>orn 18S(i 274 

Lizzie, born 1875 274 

Margaretta F., born 1889 274 

Mary C, born 1872 273 

William P., born 1886 274 

Hygienics 302 

I 

Independence Hall 99 

J 

Jooss, Louisa J 183 



K 

page! 

Kielkopf, Elizabeth, born 1864 260 

John, born 1 862 260 

Katharine, born 1845 260 

Mary C!atharine, born 1839 227 

Kipp, Adolph Frederick, born 1898 148 

Anna Susanna, born 1895 148 

Frederick Wilhelin. born 1893 148 

Frederick William, born 1865 148 

George, born 1891 148 

Kling, Anna, born 1887 260 

(!arrie, born 1890 260 

(;iara, born 1885 260 

Evelena, born 1898 260 

Frank, born 1901 260 

.Jolin, burn 1895 260 

Minnie, born 1893 260 

Peter, born 1861 260 

Kuelkopf, Charles Edward, born 1879 263 

Clara Theresia, born 1870 263 

Edith Victoria, born 1 SS9 264 

Emma, born 1872 263 

John B., born 186.S 263 

. Katherine, born 1866 263 

Leonard Henry, born 1884 264 

Lily Florence, born 1903 263 

Pansy Gladys, born 1899 263 

Philip, born 1882 263 

William, born 1875 260 

L 

Lehr, Carl Henry, l)()rn 1 897 209 

Charles 11., born 1863 209 

Lewis C, born 1895 209 

Marie Eva, born 1894 209 

Selma E., born 1901 209 

Liberty Bell 101 

Lotz, C. F., born 1870 1 29 

Charlotte 136 

Frederick Wilhelm 136 

Louisa 136 

Louisa Ritter-, boi n 1 874 136 

Luikart, Jacob, born 1862 129 

Lynch, Clarence, boin 1902 260 



M 

PAGE 

Mannette, Daisy, born 1875 '24 

March, Adeline C, born 1860 224 

Carrie Elsie, born 1S9() 224 

Eddie A., born 1888 224 

Fredie, A., born 1888 224 

Jolm Alhnan 224 

Minnie A., born 1885 224 

Marshall, Albert 151 

McClung, Blaneli. born 1897 228 

Fred 228 

Jean, born 1894 228 

McCoy, Nina Elsie, born 1877 237 

Meier, Charlie, born 1901 240 

Clyde B., born 1899 239 

Elizabetli Ritter-, l)orn 1839 239 

Fern, E., liorn 1897 240 

Floyd F., born 1894 240 

Frederick, born 1 867 240 

George, born 1823 239 

George, born 1859 239 

Harry, born 1901 240 

Jacob, born 1896 240 

Jennie, l)orn 1893 239 

John Henry, born 1890 240 

Lona, born 1885 239 

Louise, l)orn 1 882 ". 240 

Matilda M., born 187(5 240 

Phili)), born 1867 240 

William, born 1878 240 

Meiers, Mary 122 

Mowery, AUie, ))orn 1897 247 

o 

Ockers, Ellen 137 

William 129 

Orth, Mary 151 

Oswald, Philipina, born 1810 113 

P 

Palmer, Florence, born 1874 256 

Person, Robert -1 ' 

Philadelphia Branch of the Kitter Family 1-15 

Philip J. Ritter Conserve Co., Factories built by Philip J. Ritter 165 



R 

PAGE 

Reck, Emanual 231 

Hazel F 231 

Residence and Stores of Philip .1. Ritter 171 

Ritter Family, txenealogy of 92 

Abner Ray, born U)()2 247 

Adam 130 

Adams George, born 180G 106 

Adeline 0., born 1860 224 

Aetna, born 1893 135 

Albert, born 1877 247 

Amelia, born 1866 118 

Andrew, born 1841 243 

Anna ( Carolina, Ixirn 1891 259 

Anna K., born 1.S95 204 

Anna Maria 130 

Anna Mary, born 1868 122 

Armanda L., born 1879 231 

Audrey, born 1896 256 

Barbara, born 1807 107 

< 'aroline, born 1864 109 

( 'arl A., born ] 889 . 213 

Catharine M., born 1874 . . . 272 

Charles C., born 1870 122 

Charles August, born 1879 213 

Charles ('., born 1871 224 

Charles F.. born 1866 183 

Christian, born 1 s.'.l 109 

(Christian, born 1790 1 lo 

Christian, born 1S32 113 

Cliristian 118 

( 'hristian, born 1844 196 

Christian, born 1867 151 

Christian, born 1893 204 

(Christian Henry, born 1895 151 

('hristian William, born lS(i(; 204 

Clara Sojiliia, born 1888 272 

Clifford, born 1895 135 

( 'lyde R., born 1902 228 

Daniel, born 1878 118 

Daniel, born 1832 227 

Delia, born 1860 109 

Dorothea, born 1809 107 



PAGE 

Ritter, nonitlK a Klizah.'tli, l.orii 1S77 12'^^ 

1 )nr(itli('a Ma^ilalcna, Ihicm 1 7<).) '''''• 

KilwanI, Ikhii I sdi" 118 

KHa M., Im.im IMl.-) --8 

)'>lizali('tli, lini II 1 S4.") 1^8 

Elizal.cth, l>oiii IS.-.l 148 

lOlJzalKili. lioiii is;;i» 217 

Klizalicth, liorii ls:;!i 28!» 

Elizabeth, hmn 1 S77 259 

Klizalictli Ann, horii 1 S()4 224 

. Elizabeth Maliinla, horn iS77 118 

Elizabeth Regiiia, horn 1865 203 

Elsie May, born 1 H,S9 224 

Eniil, born 1871 118 

Emma, l)orn 1 sftil 151 

Emma, born 1 S7r) 259 

Emma Rebecca, liorii 1881 203 

Estella .M., Imrn 18<I8 204 

Eva, l)orii 1 7(;8 106 

Fern E., born 19»)4 228 

Floyd E., born liXlu 228 

Frank A., born 1887 224 

Frank Frederick, born 1 900 272 

Frank Valentine, born 1888 247 

Frederick, born 1846 272 

Frederick Henry, born 1882 272 

Frederick John, born 1 886 122 

Frederick William, l>(>rn 1866 251 

George, born 1 867 109 

tieorge Alexander, born 1868 224 

(reorge Andrew, born 1896 252 

(ieorge B., born 1 861 152 

George Christian, born 1735 103 

George Christian, born 1760 103 

George Edward, born 1872 259 

George Heinrich, born 1 803 106 

George Joiin, born 1 820 148 

George W., l)orn I8(ii) 174 

(Jeorge Washington, l.orii 1873 247 

Hazel Louisa, born 1 895 247 

Heinrich, born 1 807 107 

Heinrich H., born 1835 113 

Henry, born 1 863 , 118 



PAGE 

Ritter,Hemy E., born 1870 . 247 

Herman Joseph, born 1875 247 

Herniina, born 1 S90 122 

Ida, born 1872 118 

l<h\ M., 1m. ni 1883 231 

Jacob 117 

Jakob, boin 1830 113 

Jennie, born 1897 135 

Johannes, born 1 791! 145 

Johannes, born 1826 151 

John, born 1852 151 

John, born 1827 220 

John, lioi'n 1876 '--'^ 

John Andrew, born 1871 ^•J'^ 

John Gottlieb, born 1874 125 

John P., born 1858 223 

John Philip, born 1801 214 

Josephina, born 1875 12^ 

Joseph v., born 1870 224 

Karl, born 1891 135 

Katharina, born 1879 137 

Katharina, born 1834 1^- 

Katharina, born 1808 218 

Katharine, born 1845 ^^17 

Katherine Philipina, born 1870 259 

Kathryne Pauline, born 1871 ^''3 

Katie, born 1869 , 228 

Laura Adelia, born 1872 203 

Lily Rose, l.orn 1889 203 

Lillie Louise, born 1904 256 

Lizzie, born 1862 1'^^ 

Lizzie, boin 18/1 -'^'^ 

Lola 1., l.orn 1903 231 

Lonnie, born 1898 -'-" 

Lorenz Philip, born 1788 10'^ 

Louisa, born 1870 l''^ 

Louisa, born 1882 122 

Louisa, born 1874 ^'^^ 

Louisa, born 1 895 1^5 

1 51 
Louisa, born 1857 

Louisa Gegenheimer-, born 1839 

Louisa May, born 187o -^"'' 

Louis Jacol), born 1883 259 



PAGE 

Ritter, Lurv. born 1 S87 259 

Lulu .luuic. liniu 1S912 272 

Magdalena, Ixu-u 1 79(i iOfi 

Maria Catharine, liorn 1S82 247 

Maria Cliristina. born 1S<.»7 272 

Maria Elizabeth, born 1 S72 272 

iMargaret, boiii 1 S81 217 

Marion E., born 1 !t()2 2i:5 

Mary, boi'u 1 S(iH 12!) 

Mary, born 1S4!» 151 

Mary Amelia, born lS(i7 203 

Mary L., born 1S4S 196 

Mary Matilda, born 185(5 223 

Marie T., liorn 1873 228 

Maiulie Morine, born 1897 247 

Minnie May, born 1882 247 

Otto Fritz, born 1885 259 

Owen A., born 1891 228 

Phila<lelpliia Branch of 145 

Philip, born 1835 217 

PhiUp, born 18(54 228 

Philip, liorn 1 8(59 259 

Philip George, born 1848 148 

Philip J., born 1837 126 

Philip J., born 1832 157 

Philip J., born 1861 177 

Phili]) J. Conserve Co. Factories built by P. J. Ritter 165 

Philip J. Factories and Dwellings of 165 

Philip J. Business Career of 167 

Philij) J. Eesidence and Stores of 171 

Philip J., born 1S76 272 

Philip John, born 1832 147 

Philip .lolm, born 1891 183 

Philip John, born 1877 210 

Philip, Jr., born 18(59 135 

Philipina, born 1866 129 

Philipina, born 1866 130 

Philipina, born 1838 217 

I'hilipina Oswald, born ISld 1 13 

Phoebe, born 1866 228 

Phoebe Philipina, born 1 838 232 

Phoebe Theresia, born 1885 272 

Ralph Mannette, born 1899 247 

Regina Matilda, born 1869 203 



PAGE 

Ritter, Roy, \«>ru 1893 L'28 

Kiitli Eunice, horn U)()() 1'5'i 

Sanih Clair, hnni 1 H7H l^do 

SelniH Holly, burn 1 S73 189 

Simon, born 1812 107 

SiisiMinn, born 184(i 148 

Theresa Louisa, born 19(14 1N!> 

Theresia, l)()rn 1S4S 27o 

Virgil Lclanil, born lS9(i 224 

Willicbn, tiorn 1880 259 

William, l)orn 1843 259 

William ( 'hristian, born 1889 204 

William II., born 1 8(59 1 84 

William H.. born 1899 189 

William Washing^ton, iKirn 1887 122 

Robertson, Earl, liorn 1902 236 

G. D 236 

.losepli, born 1 S85 236 

Lizzie, born 1888 236 

Ruth, born 1901 236 

Willi.'ini, l)orn ls20 238 

William, born 1892 236 

Rohlfink, Louisrt 151 

Riiggles, Harriet Angeline 224 

Ruh, George 209 

s 

Saner, Alice Velna, born 1899 240 

Bernard, born 1899 247 

Blanche May, born 1897 240 

Charles, born 1898 248 

Clara Phoebe, born 1902 272 

Daisy Genevieve, born 1903 240 

Earl, born 1893 240 

Evaline, born 1895 240 

George, l>orn 1869 240 

George Andrew, born 1 901 248 

Harry, born 1892 240 

John l''i-t'il('rick, born 1897 272 

i>rna Euis, l)orn 1899 248 

Lincohi, liorn 1876 247 

Mary Lulu, liorn 1S99 272 

Maudie May, born 19'>3 . , ,....,.,.. , . . . 247 



PAGE 

Sauer, Olie Opal, born 1901 240 

Philip, born 1S71 : 259 

Teddy E., born 1901 247 

Schaef er, Andrew 272 

Katliarine Louisa 272 

Sheets, Nellie Florence, born 1S81 263 

Schertz, Andrew, ])oru 1S61 235 

Caroline, born 1875 236 

Elizabeth, born 1864 236 

Flora, born 1877 236 

John, born 1812 232 

Joseph C, born 1868 237 

Junie ]\Iae, burn ISS;) 236 

Katharine, born 1859 235 

Louisa, born 1872 236 

.Matilda, born 1862 238 

Philip H., born 1858 235 

Philipina Eitter-, born 1838 232 

Phoebe, born 1866 236 

Eoseoe, born 1901 236 

Theresia, born 1860 237 

Vera Evelyne, born 1903 236 

Sclireiner, Katherine, born 1808 216 

Schwartzel, Louisa 259 

Smith, Carrie 142 

Staedter, Louisa W., born 1844 244 

Steinmanu, Bertha 129 

Stem, Fannie 228 

Strasscr, Anna W 204 

Stumpf, Mary 142 

Sykes, Charles W 223 

Euth Jewell 223 

Wesley S 223 



T 



Thomas, Clarence 142 

Trippels, Anna, born 1874 148 

Ceeelie, born 1870 148 

Elizabeth, born 1872 148 

George, born 1846 148 

Louisa, born 1884 148 



PAGE 

V 

Vandergrift. Clarence W., born 1888 109 

Delia, born 1898 109 

Elizabeth, born 1884 109 

Florence, born 1S94 109 

Geo. R., born 1878 109 

Jennie 'SL, born 1893 109 

Warren E., Ixirn 1S93 109 

Wni. IL, born ISSi' 109 

Wm. H 109 

Vogler, John 192 

Voigt, Mary 122 

w 

Warner, Fanny, bcrn 1866 151 

Washington Statue 89 

Will, Elizabeth 146 

Williams, Benj. D., born 1876 240 

Y 

Young, Charles W 236 

John Gaylord, born 1901 236 

Joseph Everet, born 1894 236 

Kenneth Roscoe, born 1892 236 

Trissie Elizabeth, born 1895 236 

Verle Louisa, born 1899 236 



INSTRUCTIONS 



With best wishes to our relatives, the undersigued offers 
the following suggestions how to continue the History of each 
Family, on the blank pages of this book. 

Family name of the owner of this book should be written 
on top of page. 

Allow two pages each for Births, jMarriages and Deaths. 
Always write full name of child, date and place of birth; also 
marriage and death of each person ; state age of deceased. 

Would suggest that all chronicles, or entries, be first 
written on ordinary paper, read carefully, and after correct- 
ing, entered in this book : use a good pen and good ink ; write 
plain and bold, should you not be a good penman, induce a 
friend, who is a good writer to make the entry. Enter what 
you deem of Family interest. Be sure to always add thij date 
of entry. 

Write on one page, in bold letters, to whom you bequeatli 
this book. As : — 

/, the undersigned, kerehy hequeuiJi this hook to 

that he or she continue this history. 

Date 

Signature. 

Should you desire to add Photographs to this book, it will 
be more practicable to have your photographer do the same 
for you. 

Sincerely yours, 

The Editor, 

PHILIP J. RITTER. 




^l^z^:Ly 




FAMILY REGISTER 



CONTINUED 




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