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cal and Biographical 

"hes of Families 

^^^sive generations 

Robert Lwi^^iqntified wilh the 

First Lord fi^Jhe MatiMf thp IVlJinOn 




•-.■x>*- ^W^ 









Historical and Biographical 

Sketches of Families 
in successive generations 
have been Identified with the 
Development of the NaCion 








e I 

Copyright, 1901, by THE UEW YORK EVENING POST 
Copyright, 1903, by G. P. PUTNAM'S SONS 





Ube ftnlcherbocltet ^xitt, Vew JBott 





XXll. — Livingston i 

XXIIl.— Morris 19 

XXIV— Osgood 39 

XXV. — Potter 49 

XXVI.— Rapalje 61 

XXVII.— Remsen 71 

XXVIII.— Renwick 81 

XXIX. — Roosevelt 93 

XXX, — Rutgers 103 

XXXI.— Schermerhorn 115 

XXXII. — Schuyler 125 

XXXIII.— Smith 139 

XXXIV.— Stuyvesant 149 

XXXV.— Tappen 161 

XXXVI.— Van Buren 171 

XXXVII.— Van Cortlandt 183 

XXXVIII.— Van CoTT 195 

XXXIX.— Vanderbilt 203 

XL. — Van Rensselaer 213 

XLI.— Van Siclen 225 

XLII. — Wendell 237 

VOL. 11. 



Robert Livingston 

First Lord of the Manor 

Judge Robert R. Livingston .... 

From the original portrait 

Mrs. Robert R. Livingston (Margaret Beekman) 

From the original portrait 

Rev. Dr. John H. Livingston . 

Maturin Livingston .... 

From a miniature 

Mrs. Maturin Livingston (Margaret Lewis) 

From a miniature 

Lewis Morris 

Signer of the Declaration of Independence 

Robert Hunter Morris .... 

Governor of Pennsylvania, 1754 

" Old Morrisania," New York 

Gouverneur Morris's residence 

Mrs. Lewis Morris IIL (Katrintje Staats) 
Richard Morris .... 

Chief Justice under the Crown 

Frances Ludium .... 

Wife of Robert Morris 

Lewis Gouverneur Morris 

From a steel engraving by Samuel Sartain 

Samuel Osgood .... 

From the painting by J. Trumbull 

Rev. Dr. Samuel Osgood 

From a steel engraving 














Mrs. Samuel Osgood 4^ 

From the painting by J. Trumbull 

Bishop Alonzo Potter 50 

From a painting 

Maria Nott 5^ 

Wife of Bishop Alonzo Potter 

Clarkson N. Potter 56 

From a photograph 

Jacob Rapalje 62 

From a steel engraving 

The Rapalje Family Bible, in possession of Henry S. Rapalje, 

Esq 66 

Title-page of the Rapalje Family Bible and page showing 

family records 66 

The Rapalje Estate, 35th Street and North River ... 68 

Redrawn from an old print 

George Rapalje 70 

From a photograph in possession of Henry S. Rapalje, Esq. 

The Remsen Farmhouse 76 

From an old print 

Bedford Corners in 1776 76 

From a print in Valentine's Manual j i8i;8 

Professor James Renwick 82 

From an oil painting owned by Mrs. James Renwick 

Grace Church, Broadway 86 

St. Patrick's Cathedral, Fifth Avenue 88 

Mrs. William Rhinelander Renwick (Eliza S. Crosby) . . 90 

From a miniature owned by Edmund Abdy Hurry, Esq. 

William Rhinelander Renwick 90 

From a miniature owned by Edmund Abdy Hurry, Esq. 

Jean Jeffrey 92 

From a picture in the possession of Edmund Abdy Hun-y, Esq. 

Theodore Roosevelt 94 

From a photograph by Rockwood 

Isaac Roosevelt 98 

From an India ink drawing in the Emmett Collection, Lenox Library 

miustratlons vii 

The Administration Building 

Roosevelt Hospital 

Colonel Henry Rutgers 

From a steel engraving 

The Old Rutgers Mansion, New York, 1768 . 

From a print in Valentine's Matiual 

The Old " Glebe House," Woodbury, Conn. 

(At the time of the Revolution it was the home of the Rev, John Rutgers Marshall) 

The Rutgers House, Rutgers Place .... 

Between Jefferson and Clinton Streets 
From a print in Valentine's Manual, 1858 

The Schermerhorn Residence, 84th Street and East River 

From a print in Valentine's Manual, 1866 

General Philip Schuyler 

From the painting by Trumbull 

Philip Jeremiah Schuyler 

From an oil painting 

Mrs. Philip Jeremiah Schuyler (Mary Anna Sawyer) . 

From an oil painting 

Philip Schuyler 

Fiom a miniature 

Grace Hunter 

Wife of Philip Schuyler 
From a miniature 





I 12 
I 12 



Louise Lee Schuyler 134 

The Interior of the Schuyler House on 31st Street . .134 
Philip Schuyler 136 

From a painting by R. M. Stagg 

The Schuyler Home "Nevis," at Tarrytown on the Hudson . 136 
William Smith 140 

Justice of the Supreme Court 

William Smith 144 

Chief Justice of New York and of Canada 
From a steel engraving 

Peter Stuyvesant 150 

After an engraving of the picture owned by the N. Y. Historical Society 



The Residence of Nicholas W. Stuyvesant . 

Which slood in 8th Street, between First and Second Avenues 
From a print in Valentine's Manual, 1857 

Frederick D. Tappen 

From a photograpli 

Martin Van Buren 

From a steel engraving 

Pierre Van Cortlandt 

From the painting by J. W. Jarvis 

Cornelius Vanderbilt 

From a steel engraving 

William H. Vanderbilt 

From a steel engraving 

The Obelisk in Central Park .... 

Brought from Egypt by Wm. H. Vanderbilt 

Residence of the late Cornelius Vanderbilt, 57th Street and 
Fifth Avenue 

Kiliaen Van Rensselaer .... 

First Lord of the Manor 

Margaret Schuyler .... 

Wife of Stephen Van Rensselaer 111. 

Philip Van Rensselaer .... 

Mayor of Albany 

Maria Van Cortlandt .... 

Wife of Kiliaen Van Rensselaer, the Fourth Patroon 

Anna Van Wely 

Second wife of Kiliaen Van Rensselaer, the First Patroon 

Stephen Van Rensselaer ill. . 

Patroon of the Manor of Van Rensselaerwyck 
Major-General of the United States Army 

Cornelia Paterson 

Second wife of Stephen Van Rensselaer 111. 
From a miniature 

The Old Van Siclen House in Ghent, Belgium 

Built about 1 338, and still standing 







"ffELIGlOUS zeal and persecution were 
powerful factors in the settlement of 
the New Netherlands, as of New Eng- 
land. With the Dutch colonists went 
Huguenots, seeking that freedom in 
the New World which was denied to 
them in the Old, and British indepen- 
dents who could not adapt them- 
selves to the conditions of life then 
existing in England and Scotland. 
Settlers of this type exert a more po- 
tent influence than do such as emi- 
grate from motives of gain, glory, or power. The intensity of their 
moral and intellectual life reacts upon their social environment, 
causing them, it may be said, to become either martyrs or 

Running through the agricultural and commercial fabric of 
Dutch life in America, were strong threads of religious devotion 
and heroism. They modified their surroundings and imparted 
their force and tendencies to whatever came within the circle of 
their influence. 

Fanaticism caused the exile of the Rev. John Livingston, a 
Scotch clergyman of remarkable ability. Like other non-conform- 
ists, he went to Holland, where he became a noted preacher. His 
family tree runs back to 1124 a.d. During the five centuries 

4 Xlvlnoston 

between that time and the exile, they were Lords Livingston and 
Earls of Linlithgow. They were among the noblest families of 
Scotland, and for generations were in the front rank of the court- 
iers at Holyrood. The distinguished divine had, therefore, the 
strongest social influence and position when he began his sacred 
calling anew in the Netherlands. There he became acquainted 
with the merchant princes of the time, among them Kiliaen Van 
Rensselaer, the First Patroon. The New Netherlands were a fre- 
quent subject of conversation in the society wherein these men 
moved, and those who were far-sighted perceived the future im- 
portance of the fertile territories in America. None took a livelier 
interest than the Scotch minister, who made no less than two un- 
successful attempts to emigrate. 

What the father was unable to do, the son, Robert [1654], 

achieved. Provided with strong letters of introduction, and well 

acquainted with many of the foremost Dutchmen al- 

Robert, ' 

First Lord of ready in the New Netherlands, he sailed from Green- 
the Manor ^^^^ ^^^jj ^g^ ^^^^^ bound for Charlcstowu, in New 

England, and arrived in New Amsterdam about 1674. He was a 
well-educated man, and had a fair knowledge of surveying and 
certain useful arts. He worked hard from the day of landing, 
saved all he could, and in a few years seems to have accumulated 
a large amount of money. At the end of five years, he married, 
July 9, 1679, Alida, nee Schuyler, the widow of Dr. Nicolaus Van 
Rensselaer. The union proved a happy one. The issue was four 
sons and two daughters. In 1686, Robert obtained from Governor 
Dongan a patent of Livingston Manor, which consisted of one 
hundred and sixty thousand acres of fertile country on the Hud- 
son River, halfway between New York and Albany, and opposite 
the Catskills. It seems curious that the cost of this magnificent 
estate amounted to not more than two hundred dollars worth of 
merchandise, including blankets, shirts, stockings, axes, adzes, 
paint, scissors, jack-knives, and pocket looking-glasses. 

He led a busy life, attending to his great domain and serving 
in many offices of honor and trust. The records show that he 
was a secretary to the Albany Commissary, Town Clerk and 

XlviiiQSton 5 

Town Collector, Secretary of Indian Affairs, member of the Coun- 
cil, member of the General Assembly (1709-171 1), and Speaker of 
the General Assembly (1718). He bestowed great care upon the 
education of his children, and lived to see several of them occupy 
high places in the community. He loved adventure, and was 
noted, even among the Indians, for his skill in hunting. In 1694, 
he made a trip across the ocean, and was wrecked on the coast of 
Portugal. He displayed great fortitude during the disaster, and 
was instrumental in saving several lives. A thoroughly pious 
man, he saw in his preservation the answer to his prayers, and 
commemorated his escape, family tradition says, by making an 
appropriate change in the family escutcheon. For the ancient 
crest of a demi-savage, he substituted the figure of a ship in dis- 
tress. This will account for the fact that both coats-of-arms are 
found in the family records. 

During the latter part of his life, he built a church near his 
Manor House, now known as Linlithgow — a tomb within its 
portals. Here his body was laid away. The building, in the 
course of years, decayed and was torn down. Upon this site his 
descendants have erected a memorial church, and over the tomb 
have placed a tablet in honor of the founder of their race in the 
United States. 

The four sons of the first " Lord " were worthy of their father. 
The oldest, John, embraced a military career, and rose to be a 
colonel in the Connecticut militia. He married twice, his first wife 
being the only daughter of Governor Winthrop of Connecticut, 
and his second, Elizabeth Knight. As he left no issue, and as he 
died before his father (in London, 1717), the title of "Lord" as 
well as the oldest son's share of the family estate went Phmpthe 
to Philip, who was born in 1686. The latter, dis- Pnnceiy 
satisfied with farming, turned his attention to commercial life, 
and, owing to his great wealth as well as to his natural ability, 
became, if not the greatest, at least one of the great merchants of 
his period. He married Katherine Van Brugh, by whom he had 
six sons and two daughters. In the latter half of his life he 
became famous for his hospitality. He kept his three houses, in 

6 Olivinoston 

New York, Clermont, and Albany, always open to his friends and 
acquaintances, and gave entertainment for man and beast to whom- 
soever called. To him was applied the term "The Princely 
Livingston." He did not allow private business to engross his 
attention to the neglect of public duties. He served as Town 
Clerk, Secretary of Indian Affairs, and member of the Legislative 

The third son, Robert, was the most cultured and intellectual, 
if not the ablest, of the generation. He received a collegiate 
Robert of cducatiou in Scotland, and studied law at the Temple in 
Clermont London, wherc he won high praise for his legal acumen. 
Upon his return to the New World, he opened a law office at 
Albany, where he soon built up a lucrative practice. It was about 
this time that he surprised a burglar who was breaking into his 
father's house by climbing down the chimney. He seized the 
fellow by his legs, hauling him down into the ashes, and fright- 
ened him into making a full confession, which included the de- 
tails of a plot to rob and murder the white people of the district. 
The father was so pleased with his son's courage that he pre- 
sented him with a section of the manor land containing thirteen 
thousand acres. From this piece of land the young man received 
his name, Robert of Clermont, and the place was called for gener- 
ations the Lower Manor. He was a member of the General As- 
sembly from 171 1 to 1727. He married Miss Howarden. 

Gilbert, the fourth son, was the least conspicuous of the four; 

he devoted himself to his estate, to reading, and to social duties. 

He married Cornelia Beekman, and was the founder of 

Gilbert ' 

the Poughkeepsie branch of the family. From 1728 to 
1737, he was a member of the General Assembly. 

Margaret, one of the daughters of the founder, made a notable 
marriage when she espoused Colonel Samuel Vetch, the first English 
Governor of Annapolis. The other daughter, Johanna, married 
Cornelius Van Home, a well-to-do property-owner of that time. 
Robert "the It would uot be fair, in commenting upon this 

Nephew" generation, to omit Robert Livingston, a nephew of the 
first "Lord of the Manor," who came to this country in 1684, 

livinaston 7 

ten years after his uncle. While he did not occupy so large a 
place in the public view, nevertheless he and his did much for the 
State, and added to the glory of the race. 

His wife was Margaretta Schuyler, niece of Alida, his uncle's 
wife, by whom he had sons and daughters. Three of his sons 
— Peter, John, and James— became prominent in their time. 

The third generation made the golden age of the Livingston 
family; each of the four branches (Philip, Gilbert, and Robert of 
Clermont, of the founder's side, and Robert, the nephew) had 
able and vigorous sons, who led lives of the greatest activity and, 
in the main, of beneficence. The Philip branch was the most 
notable on account of its numbers, there having been no less than 
six sons, each of whom rose superior to the average of his time. 
Nearly all had daughters of physical, mental, and social charm, 
who strengthened the house through marriage. Genealogically, 
the head of the family was Robert, the third " Lord of „ . 

■' ' Robert, Third 

the Manor," son of Philip, who was born in 1708, and Lord of the 
died at the good old age of eighty-two. He inherited 
his father's business ability, enterprise, and thrift, and increased 
the large fortune which he had inherited. He married Mary 
Thong, a great-granddaughter of Rip Van Dam, by whom he had 
six sons and two daughters. Like nearly all the men of his 
family, he served the State for a long time, having been a mem- 
ber of the General Assembly, and held minor offices. His three 
brothers — Philip, who signed the Declaration of Independence, 
Peter Van Brugh, and William, the war-Governor of "New Jersey — 
are known as the "Revolutionary trio." Philip [1716] was a 
Yale graduate; in 1746, he was referred to as one of the pwiipthe 
fifteen collegians in the colony. From college he Signer 

went into mercantile life, and became an importer in New York. 
He was successful in business, and in 1755 had become a leader 
in the commercial world. He took an active part in the politics 
of the day; he was one of the seven New York Aldermen in 1754 ; 
and thereafter a member of the Provincial Assembly. As early as 
1760, he identified himself with the opposition to the methods of 
the British Government. He was a prominent correspondent of 

8 Xlvlnoeton 

Fdmund Burke, and supplied that statesman with much know- 
ledge of colonial affairs. 

While most of the men, especially the merchants of the time, 
were afraid to take part in the questions of the day, Philip never 
hesitated. In 1764, he drew up an address to Lieutenant-Governor 
Golden, in which he used language so bold as to warrant the 
charge of treason. He was a delegate to the " Stamp-Act Gon- 
gress" in 170s, and was cordially hated by the Royalists, who 
made open war upon him and unseated him when he was elected 
to the Assembly. He was unanimously elected a member of the 
First Continental Gongress, and remained a member of the House 
until his death. On behalf of New York, he signed the Declaration 
of Independence; and he has ever since been known as "Philip 
the Signer." He also served in the Senate of New York. His 
benevolence was great; he gave away seldom less than one third 
of his income. He founded the professorship of divinity in Yale, 
took part in the organization of the Society Library of New York, 
and was one of the founders of Golumbia Gollege. In his time, 
Brooklyn was a poor farming country, and not at all popular with 
Knickerbocker society. He foresaw its future and purchased con- 
siderable land on what is now known as Brooklyn Heights. He 
built a mansion at about the present corner of Hicks and Joral- 
emon streets, and laid out a fme carriage-road from his estate 
to Red Hook Lane. This road is now Livingston Street. In this 
mansion Washington held a council of war in August, 1776. in 
1770, Philip took part in organizing the Ghamber of Commerce. 
Though his family were non-conformists, he manifested a singular 
catholicity in religious sentiment, establishing a chair of divinity 
in Yale, aiding Golumbia, which was of the Ghurch of England; 
contributing to the Presbyterian Ghurch, and aiding liberally in 
the construction of the first Methodist church in the United States. 
His wife was Christina, daughter of Colonel Ten Broeck. 

Peter Van Brugh [1710], was a Yale man of 173 1. As did his 
Peter brother, he went to New York and entered upon a 

vanBnigh mercantile Career. He built a handsome mansion on the 
east side of what is now Hanover Square, whose beautiful gardens 

Xlvlnoston 9 

extended to the East River. His partner was Lord Stirling, whose 
sister he married in 1739. His official services to the State were 
long and honorable; he was member of the Provincial Council 
and of the Committee of One Hundred, delegate to the First and 
Second Provincial Congresses of New York, Treasurer of Congress 
(1776), trustee of the College of New Jersey (now Princeton), and 
a member of numerous Revolutionary and patriotic organizations. 
John Adams spoke of him as "an old man, extremely stanch in 
the cause, and very sensible," which, coming from the grim 
Massachusetts statesman, was high praise, indeed. 

William [1723] was the most picturesque of the six sons. 
He was brought up by his maternal grandmother, Sarah Van 
Brugh, who seems to have had eccentric ideas as to a wiiiiamthe 
boy's education. She did not neglect his book-learn- war-covemor 
ing, but made physical development a point. By the time he 
was thirteen, he was skilled in horsemanship, woodcraft, fishing, 
and agriculture. At fourteen, he was sent into the forest, where 
he lived a year among the Mohawks, under the care of a mission- 
ary and an Indian chief. He came back with a thorough know- 
ledge of the Mohawk language and a master of all the Indian 
dances. Sent to Yale, he proved himself the best fighter and best 
scholar of his class, which was that of 174 1. He studied law and 
became a leader of the bar, with the quaint sobriquet of "the 
Presbyterian lawyer." He served in the Provincial Legislature for 
three years, and then removed to Elizabethtown, N. J. Here he 
built a fine country seat, which in after years became celebrated 
as Liberty Hall. Elizabethtown was then said to be in the wilder- 
ness; from New York it was at least one day's journey. Never- 
theless, so fascinating was the man, and so attractive his four 
daughters, that the house was always crowded with visitors. 
Among these were Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and other lead- 
ing men of that period. William foresaw the Revolution, and 
from the first was a fierce and uncompromising patriot. When it 
came to nominating a delegate to the Continental Congress, he 
was so fearful that the people would send a weak representative 
that, it is said, he made a personal canvass of the electors, and 

10 Xlvlnoston 

only stopped when he found that he was the one candidate who 
had been thought of by the people. He was a delegate twice, 
serving upon the more important committees. He gave up Con- 
gressional life to become a brigadier-general and governor, 
holding the latter office until his death. In this double capacity 
he was a thorn in the flesh to the British, by whom he was called 
the "Don Quixote of the Jerseys." He gave them so much 
trouble that they set a price upon him, and induced reckless 
adventurers to attempt his kidnapping, as well as to burn his 
mansion. Many attempts were made, but all proved failures. 
Before three years had gone by, many of the ignorant British 
troops believed that the war-Governor was in league with Satan 
and had supernatural powers of appearing and disappearing. 

In 1777, William recommended in his message to the Assem- 
bly the abolition of slavery, and eleven years later he secured the 
passage of an act forbidding the importation of slaves into the State. 
He had inherited or had obtained many slaves himself, but these 
he liberated and helped on as free citizens. His versatility was 
notable. He wrote a digest of the laws of New York, several 
volumes on law and politics, a long and somewhat heavy poem 
entitled " Philosophical Solitude," and many bits of lighter verse, 
essays, theses, and pamphlets. In writing about him, President 
Timothy D wight, of Yale College, said: "The talents of Governor 
Livingston were very various. His imagination was brilliant, his 
wit sprightly and pungent, his understanding powerful, his taste 
refined, and his conceptions bold and powerful. His views of 
political subjects were expansive, clear, and just. Of freedom, 
both civil and religious, he was a distinguished champion." 

Robert of Clermont had but one son, Robert R. Livingston 
[1718]. Upon his father's death he became the owner of the 
Robert R., or ^state, which made him one of the wealthy men of 
Robert the the colony. Owing partly to his wealth and partly 
to his ability, he became a person of much distinction, 
and was appointed judge by the English Crown. He is known 
as "Judge Robert," to distinguish him from his famous son of the 
same name, the Chancellor. Like nearly all of his relatives, he 

'~' r— 

> ^ 







-i— ' 


> -c 

oi -a 




Xlvlngston 1 1 

was an ardent patriot, and was elected a delegate to the Colonial 
Congress held in New York in 1765, better known as the Stamp 
Act Congress. He married Miss Margaret Beekman, daughter of 
Colonel Henry Beekman of Rhinebeck. By her he had many chil- 
dren, of whom at least three were to become famous in law and 
politics. Of Judge Robert, an interesting story is told by a friend. 
At a family party in Clermont one evening he was talking with 
his father, Robert of Clermont, his son, the future Chancellor, and 
his son-in-law. Captain, afterwards General, Richard Montgomery. 
The conversation turned upon the relations of the colonies to 
Great Britain, and soon became excited. The argument culmi- 
nated in a bit of prophecy from the aged head of the house, who 
exclaimed: " It is intolerable that a continent like America should 
be governed by a little island three thousand miles away. America 
must and will be independent. My son, you will not live to see 
it; Montgomery, you may; Robert," turning to his grandson, 
"you will." The prophecy was fulfilled. Montgomery was 
killed at the siege of Quebec, 1775; the son died before independ- 
ence was achieved, while the grandson became one of the leaders 
of the new republic. 

James, son of Robert the nephew, left his country home to 
engage in commercial life at New York. He became j^^ 

an opulent merchant. His wife was Maria Kiersted, 
by whom he had issue. 

John, his brother, devoted his life to the family estates. He 
espoused Catharine Ten Broeck, daughter of General Ten Broeck. 
Among their children were three of the most brilliant jamesthe 
soldiers of the Revolution. Merchant 

The fourth generation produced many eminent men. They 
were so numerous that it is difficult to select a few representatives 
without being guilty of neglecting others as worthy. Robert, the 
third "Lord of the Manor," had five sons, whose names are 
familiar to all students: Peter R., Walter, Robert Cambridge, John, 
and Henry; and three daughters: Mary, who married James Decare, 
Alida, and Catharine. Each of three sons has left long lines of 

1 2 XlvlnGSton 

Peter R. was a wealthy landed proprietor in Dutchess County, 
Lieut.-Gov. 'ind took a lively part in State affairs. In 1828, he was 
Peter R. elected Lieutenant-Governor. 

Walter [1740], son of Robert, the third Lord, was an able 
lawyer and statesman. His public services were numerous and 
Judge valued. Among other positions he held with success 

Walter ^g^g ^j^g foilowiug: Member of the Provincial Congress 
(1775), Judge for Albany (1777). Member of Congress (1784-5), 
Commissioner of the U. S. Treasury (1785). His wife was Cor- 
nelia Schuyler, by whom he had issue. 

His son, Henry Walter [1768], was graduated from Yale (1786) 
and admitted to the New York bar. In 1792, he was appointed 
Judge secretary to Minister Gouverneur Morris, and served 

Henry w. ^y^Q years at Versaillcs. 1796 saw him Judge of Com- 
mon Pleas, and in 1803 and 1805 he was elected to Congress. His 
wife was Mary Penn Allen, by whom he had children. 

From Robert Cambridge came John Swift [1785], Johnston, 
who married his kinswoman Sylvia Livingston, Robert Cambridge 
11., Robert Cambridge 111., Robert Cambridge IV., John Griswold, 
Johnston 11., Henry W., and Louis. 

From John, the last Lord of the Manor, known as John of Oak 
Hill, come Herman and Cornelia, who married Clermont Living- 
ston. The Oak Hill mansion is now in the possession of John 
Henry, a grandson of Herman of Oak Hill. 
Lieut.- From Philip come Walter and Edward Philip. The 

Governor latter was a leading citizen of Columbia County, who 
was elected Lieutenant-Governor in 1830. His descend- 
ants included Philip Jr., Henry, and Philip VI. 

William, the war-Governor, had one distinguished son, 
Brockholst [1757]. He entered Princeton, but left college to go 
Lieut.-coionei 'Hto the army, where he rose to be a lieutenant- 
Brockhoist colonel. He became private secretary to John Jay, 
studied law, and was a member of the New York bar. In 1802, he 
was Judge of the New York Supreme Court, and in 1806 was made 
a Justice of the United States Supreme Court by President Jeffer- 
son. He was married thrice and had many children. His oldest 

•' i| 

llvlngston 13 

son was Hon. Carroll, a merchant and financier, who was grad- 
uated from Columbia (1822). 

His present representative is Charles Carroll. 

Of Gilbert, the most distinguished descendant was his grand- 
son, the Rev. John Henry [1746], who was graduated from Yale 
in 1762, and took up the study of law. He went as far Reverend 
as the limited opportunities of the colonies would per- J°''" "^'"^ 
mit, and then crossed the sea and entered the University of 
Utrecht. Here a change came over his ambition, and after his law 
course he took up theology, and received the university degree 
and ordination by the Classis of Amsterdam. He returned to 
New York in 1770, becoming pastor of the Dutch Church at the 
corner of Fulton and William Streets, which office he held until 
1810. During this period he was made a professor of theology by 
the General Synod, and in 1807 President of Queens, now Rutgers, 
College of New Brunswick, N. J. During the Revolution he was 
an enthusiastic rebel, and was ready to pray and to fight at all 
hours. He was one of the founders of the first missionary society 
in New York, Regent of the State University, and in his later 
years was universally known as "the father of the Dutch Re- 
formed Church in America." 

In the fourth generation, the Clermont branch rose to the 
head. They seem to have inherited and to have added to the 
legal and intellectual talents of their father, "Judge Robert," and 
their grandsire, Robert of Clermont. The two greatest were 
Robert R., the Chancellor, and Edward, the jurist. chancellor 
Robert R. [1746] was graduated from Columbia in Rohen 

1764, and studied law under William Smith, the historian, and his 
cousin, William Livingston, of New Jersey. After admission to 
the bar he became a partner of John Jay. He was a brilliant lawyer, 
and was made Recorder of the city of New York, relinquishing 
this office, in 1775, to become a delegate to Congress. He was 
one of the live who drafted the Declaration of Independence, and 
was prevented from signing by being called away to take part in 
the Provincial Congress of New York. In 1776, he was a member 
of the Provincial Convention which changed the title of the 

14 Xivtnoston 

colony to the State of New York, and was made a member of the 
committee which drew up the first State constitution. He was 
made Chancellor, and held that honorable office from 1777 to 
1801. From 1781 to 1783 he served as United States Secretary 
of Foreign Affairs. He administered the oath of office to George 
Washington at the City Hall, which then occupied the site of the 
present Sub-Treasury at Wall and Nassau streets. When the 
New York Convention adopted the Federal Constitution, he was 
its chief advocate. 

In 1801, the Government appointed him Minister Plenipoten- 
tiary to France, where he negotiated the cession of Louisiana to 
the United States as well as the settlement of the French claims. 
It was while abroad that he made the acquaintance of Robert 
Fulton, with whom he formed a quasi-partnership for the develop- 
ment of steam navigation, in which he had already done much 
hard work. His capital built the Clermont, the first steamboat in 
the New World, which was named after his family home. His 
other public services would fill a volume : he was prominent in 
the construction of the canal system of New York State, in adjust- 
ing the eastern boundary which gave the State of Vermont to the 
Union, and in establishing the American Academy of Fine Arts, 
which is now the National Academy of Design. He contrib- 
uted to agricultural literature and was noted as an authority upon 
the subject. So great was his talent as an advocate that Franklin 
called him " the Cicero of America." When Congress asked each 
State of the Union to place the statues of two of its prominent 
citizens in the Capitol, he and George Clinton were selected for 
the high honor by the Empire State. 

His homestead at Clermont is still in the possession of his 
grandson, Clermont. 

Edward, the jurist [1764], was graduated from Princeton in 
1 78 1, studied law, and was admitted to the bar upon attaining his 
majority. He built up a large practice, made quite a fortune in 
ten years, and was elected to Congress in 1794, 1796, and 1798. 
There was considerable opposition to the policy of Washington's 
Cabinet at one time, and among its leaders he, Madison, and 

Rev. Dr. John H. Livingston 

1Llvln{}0ton 1 5 

Gallatin were the foremost. His were the resolutions which 
demanded copies of the papers given to John Jay in respect to the 
treaty with Great Britain. Washington, backed by the unani- 
mous vote of his Cabinet, declined, and for a few days there was 
talk of a conflict between the two branches of the Government. 
In 1801, the Government made him United States Attorney 
for the District of "New York, and the people elected him Mayor. 
During his term of office the present City Hall was built, the 
front and sides being of white marble, while the back was of 
cheap brown-stone, since "it would be out of sight to all the 

When the yellow fever broke out in 1803, and all who could 
afford it deserted the city, he remained at his post, fighting the 
epidemic, and finally contracting the disease. During his illness 
he was robbed and almost ruined by his confidential agent and 
was compelled to start life anew. He conveyed all his property 
to a trustee for the payment of his debts, and on the expiration of 
his term of office as mayor went to New Orleans, which was 
then an American city, where he opened a law office in order 
to retrieve his wealth. With great shrewdness, he accepted land 
instead of money for his fees, and thus established the beginnings 
of a new fortune. 

Finding the law of the new State a confused muddle of English 
common law, French code, and Spanish law, he drew up a code of 
procedure, of which a part in 1805 was adopted by the Louisiana 
Legislature. This was the beginning of the first great code ever 
drawn up in an English-speaking community, and in its final form 
has been held up to the admiration of the world by the great 
jurists of every land, it began a new era in American jurispru- 
dence. Edward was sent to Congress three times from Louisiana 
and in 1824 finished his civil code, which completed the codifica- 
tion of the State law. In 1826, he paid off the last of his debts, 
and in 1829 was elected United States Senator from Louisiana. In 
183 1, he was made Secretary of State, and in 1833, Minister to 
France. A patriot, a statesman, a scholar, and a diplomat, his 
claim to a high place will be his record as a jurist. 

1 6 Xlvlngston 

A brother of Edward, Henry Beekman [1750], raised a com- 
pany of soldiers in 177s, and took part in the invasion of Canada. 

For his valor he received a sword of honor from Con- 
Major-Gen. . r-v1 •!• r' 1 .^1 

Henry gress. He was aide to General Philip Schuyler, Colonel 

Beekman ^^ ^j^^ p^|^j|.^j^ ^^^ york, aide to Lafayette in Rhode 

Island, and an officer at Valley Forge. He served in the War of 
1812, where he rose to be a major-general. He married Ann 
Home Shippen, with whom he lived happily many years in the 
Beekman mansion at Rhinebeck, which he inherited from his 

Among others who have added distinction to the family name 
is John William, a descendant of John, the third son of the second 
, ^ ,„.„. Lord of the Manor [1804]. His father was Dr. William 

John WiUiara *- ^-^ 

the Admiral Turk, SLirgeon in the United States Navy, and his 
mother Eliza Livingston, in 1843, the Legislature sanctioned 
his assumption of his mother's name. He entered the navy in 
1824, served in the war with the Mediterranean pirates, in the war 
of Mexico, and during the great civil conflict. In 1868, he was 
commissioned Rear-Admiral, and placed upon the retired list, after 
which he made his home in New York City. 

Colonel James [1747] was a son of John and grandson of 

Robert the nephew. He served in the Revolution, where he 

proved a faithful and efficient soldier, to whom Wash- 

Col. James 

ington expressed his gratification that the post was 
in the hands of an officer so devoted as yourself to the cause of 
your country." The reference is to Stony Point, and the time the 
treason of Benedict Arnold. 

With him in the same command, during the first part of 
the conflict, were his fearless brothers, Lieutenant -Colonel 
Lieut.-coi. Richard and Captain Abraham. A son of the last 
Richard named was Captain John P., who served with distinc- 
tion in the War of 1812. 

Colonel James married Elizabeth Simpson, a belle of Montreal, 
Elizabeth by whom he had issue. His daughter Margaret became 
cady Stanton tj^g ^jfg ^f j^^jgg D^xniel Cady of New York, and the 
child of this union, Elizabeth [1815], became Mrs. Elizabeth 

(/5 ^^ 


5 bc i 


.= E 


Xivingston 17 

Cady Stanton, the most eminent woman-reformer of the nineteenth 

From Robert, the nephew of the first Lord of the Manor, 
comes a long and important branch, which includes James, John, 
Robert, James II., Maturin, Maturin II., and is represented to-day 
by Mrs. Cavendish-Bentinck and Mrs. Ogden Mills. 

in point of numbers, the Livingstons are almost unrivalled. 
They have been marked by high patriotism, a warm love for 
humanity, and a progressive spirit, which at times amounted to 
radicalism. Through their blood runs the hereditary Scotch ten- 
dency towards strong feelings and forcible action. They have 
been characterized by great physical and mental vitality, and, 
unlike many successful families, have not borne fruit and then 
withered away. The old Scotch character has reappeared in 
many ways. They have been strong friends — and strong foes, — 
and have never feared to express their convictions or to beard 
authority in the cause of right. The clannish spirit has expressed 
itself in an intense family feeling, which has caused each to help 
all relatives in trouble, and has gone so far as to cause many inter- 
marriages. To this feeling may be ascribed the care with which 
they have preserved memorials and souvenirs of their ancestors, 
and the self-sacrifice displayed whenever called upon to serve the 
family, the State, and the nation. 






Lewis Morris 
Signer of the Declaration of Independence 




^EW YORK has been cosmopolitan 
from its first settlement. With the 
Knickerbockers, or Dutch, came over 
Huguenots and subjects of the British 
Crown. These were speedily fol- 
lowed by Germans, West Indians, 
and New Englanders. To this early 
mixing of types and bloods may be 
ascribed the characteristics of the 
New Yorker which have made him 
distinct from the citizen of every 
other great metropolis. Just as the 
Dutch were made up of people from the various provinces of 
Holland, so the British contingent was drawn from the different 
types which constitute the population of the United Kingdom. 

As if to preserve a spiritual equilibrium, the solid Englishman 
was offset by the impetuous Scotchman and the strong and in- 
domitable Welshman. To the little principality of Wales, Man- 
hattan owes many of its most distinguished citizens. Of these, 
the head and front was the Morris family, which for more than 
two centuries has been in the foreground of municipal, state, and 
national activity. From a genealogical as well as an historical 
viewpoint, its career in both the Old World and the New has 
been of deep interest. Long before the Land of the Silures had 
become an appanage of the British Crown, it took a leading part 

22 flDorrts 

in the councils of the little nation. Its very name is derived from 
Maur-Rhys, the Great Rhys, who was a Prince of Guintland (now 
embodied in Monmouthshire) in the latter part of the twelfth 
century. Maur is the Cymric for great, and was prefixed to the 
name qualified, unlike the Romance practice of suffixing, as ex- 
emplified in Charle-Magne. It was not until the seventeenth 
century that the present orthography was adopted. 

The first Maur-Rhys was one of the conspicuous figures in 
British history. He was the neighbor and friend of Strong-Bow, 
Earl of Striguill, and, with that reckless warrior, invaded Southern 
Ireland, and conquered all the country around Waterford. The 
two adventurers might have become great Irish princes, but 
Henry 11., their monarch, was a very thrifty and diplomatic char- 
acter, who rewarded their prowess by giving them complimentary 
letters and titles, but added their conquests to the Crown posses- 
sions. The descendants of Maur-Rhys were proud and fierce 
warriors in the Plantagenet period, when they enjoyed great pros- 
perity. Their star changed in the fifteenth century, during the 
wars of York and Lancaster, in which they lost much of their 
property, and at one time were in danger of extermination by 
political foes. During this period one of their princesses, a woman 
of rare beauty, married the Duke of Saxony, from v/hom was 
descended the Elector of Saxony. 

In the reign of the Stuarts, ill-fortune again overtook them. 
They incurred the displeasure of King James, and their estates 
were confiscated by his son, Charles 1. At that time the heads 
of the house were three brothers, Lewis, William, and Richard. 
William, after a vain struggle, determined to emigrate to the New 
World. He sold his property, and giving a moiety to his son 
John, set sail for the American plantations. He died upon the 

. , ■ voyage. His son John was of a more adventurous 

Captain John -- '-> 

disposition. He remained in Wales, trying to regain 
his ancestral lands, and when the Civil War broke out, was among 
the first to join the Parliamentary army, in which in 1651 he was 
a captain, in 1652, he went with a British expedition to Bar- 
badoes, which was conquered and added to the British kingdom. 

flDorris 23 

He received grants of land in the new possessions and increased 
his fortune hy marrying an heiress. This was the beginning of 
the West-hidian branch of the family. 

William's brothers, Lewis and Richard, remained at home. 
They also entered the Parliamentary service, the former raising a 
regiment at his own expense, from which he gained coionei 
the title of colonel. Richard was a captain in this regi- ^^^'* 

ment, and afterwards lieutenant-colonel. Notwithstanding the 
result of the war, they did not recover their confiscated estates, 
Cromwell paying them handsome indemnities instead. captain 
The two men were among the bravest of Cromwell's Richard 
warriors. Their most famous exploit was the capture of Chep- 
stow Castle, which they carried by fire and sword. From this 
feat they took as a crest a castle in flames on a rock, with the 
motto, Tandem vincitur. The uncles kept up a correspondence 
with their nephew John, and upon the latter's advice Lewis 
bought an estate in Barbadoes. He still yearned for the excite- 
ment of war, and urged Cromwell to attack Spain in the West 
Indies. He was apparently unsuccessful, because he sailed for 
his plantations as a settler and not a soldier. His action seems 
to have been a ruse of some sort, as he had scarcely arrived in his 
new home when Cromwell organized an expedition to attack 
Hispaniola (now Hayti and San Domingo), and with the an- 
nouncement came a commission for Colonel Lewis Morris. For 
his gallantry in this little war, the Colonel received many pressing 
invitations to return to England, and, just before the Restoration, 
had begun to arrange for the voyage. The advent of Charles II. 
changed his plans. Instead of returning, he sent post-haste for 
his brother Richard, who came out by the next sailing vessel. 
Subsequent events showed the wisdom of the course. The two 
brothers had made many enemies during the wars, and proceed- 
ings had been begun against them, when Richard left home for- 
ever. There were many ex-Parliamentarians in Barbadoes, so 
that Richard had a hearty welcome when he arrived. Here he 
met, wooed, and won Sarah Pole, an heiress and belle. He re- 
mained in Barbadoes several years, attending to his brother's estate 

24 nDorrl0 

and the one he had secured by marriage. The brothers were 
dissatisfied with the slow life of the West Indies, and determined 
upon a change. In pursuance of this, Richard in 1668 sailed for 
New York. He took with him a large amount of money, which 
he invested sagaciously in New York and New Jersey real estate 
shortly after his arrival. 

The New York property consisted of three thousand odd acres 
near the Harlem, which he named Bronxland from the River Bronx 
lying to its north. This purchase made Richard Morris one of the 
largest landed proprietors in Westchester County. In 1671, Rich- 
, . „ ,^ ard had a son whom he named Lewis, after the great 

Lewis II. the ° 

Chief Justice Colonel. Captain Richard was very active in public 
and Governor ^|-jVjjj.g ^^^^ served upon many bodies during the admin- 
istrations of Lovelace, Evertse, and Colve. He died suddenly 
about 1675. There must have been a deep love between the two 
brothers, because the death disclosed a singular contract between 
them to the effect that if Captain Richard died Colonel Lewis 
would come on and become a father to the former's child or chil- 
dren. The Colonel was true to his word. When the news reached 
him of his brother's death, he disposed of most of his estates in 
Barbadoes and came on to New York (1676). In October of that 
year he invested his wealth in New Jersey property, purchasing 
3=i4o acres in East Jersey, which he named Tinton, and another 
tract in the same neighborhood. He called the entire territory 
Monmouth, and from this name Monmouth County took its title. 
It seems quite odd that the English shire which had produced 
so many fearless opponents to the British Crown in the days of 
Cromwell should give its name to an American county on which 
again the British Crown was to meet opposition and defeat. The 
first opponents transported the name across the sea, and in the 
course of years their descendants renewed the wars of a previous 

Colonel Lewis was indefatigable in all business matters. He 
attended to his own estate and to that of his nephew, Lewis II. 
He served upon the staff of Governor Andros and engaged in 
many private enterprises. One of these was the establishment 

flDorrls 25 

of iron works in New Jersey, which for many years turned out 
an excellent grade of pig iron. He died in 1691 without issue, 
leaving his great estate to his nephew. 

The bluff soldier had a warm heart and took pleasure in 
charitable and religious work. His contributions were many, and 
when he found that St. Peter's Church in Westchester had no 
bell, he presented a handsome one to it, which is still extant. 
Upon its lip in ancient lettering is the inscription : " Colonel Lewis 
Morris, 1677." 

Lewis 11., better known as Lewis the Chief Justice, is one of 
the most romantic characters in colonial history. He was a 
dreamer and yet sternly practical, a born soldier, and yet a good 
business man ; an able judge, but one who never seemed to read 
or study precedents ; ambitious, and yet scornful of the opinions 
of those in authority ; a fountain of fun and humor, and yet so 
vitriolic in his bitterness as to keep his enemies in perpetual sus- 
pense ; and, rarest of all, a successful politician, who despised tact 
and placating, and depended entirely upon truth and even brus- 
querie. His uncle. Colonel Lewis, became his guardian when he 
was five years old, and the iron-willed soldier soon found that the 
boy was a second edition of himself. They played a game of 
cross-purposes which even after two centuries sounds like a bit 
of delicious comedy. The uncle secured a tutor, a pious Quaker, 
whose ambition was to become an Indian missionary. The boy 
objected to the tutor and discharged him. The uncle reinstated 
him. The boy attempted to chastise the tutor, and was roundly 
flogged by the uncle. 

Nothing discouraged, the youngster immediately started a 
new plan of campaign. He found out the Quaker's aspirations, 
and then studied his habits. He soon learned that the pious 
pedagogue was in the habit of praying every day at a stated hour 
beneath a certain tree. The boy went there an hour ahead of the 
expected time, climbed the tree, and hid himself in the thick foli- 
age. As he expected, the teacher appeared, knelt, and, according 
to the custom of the times, wrestled with the Lord. Finally, 
when he paused for lack of breath, the boy piped out in a 

26 flDorrle 

simulated voice: " Hugh Copperthwaite ! Hugh Copperthwaite ! " 
The simple-minded Quaker answered : " Here am I, Lord. What 
wouldst thou with me ? " There was a pause, and then from the 
depth of the leaves came the command in the solemn words: 
"Go, preach my Gospel to the Mohawks, thou true and faithful 
servant ! " 

The tutor went back to the house, offered his resignation, and 
had packed his trunks for his departure, when the trick was be- 
trayed. There was a stormy scene, and the old Colonel adminis- 
tered the rod in a way that would have pleased King Solomon. 
The next morning there was no boy around the place. The 
Colonel gave himself no uneasiness, believing that his nephew 
had stayed out over-night in the woods, or had gone to a neigh- 
bor's and would be back in a day or two. A week passed with 
no news of the youth. Inquiries were instituted, and it was found 
that he had run away to Virginia. Here he stayed some time, 
and then took ship and went to the West Indies. He earned a 
poor subsistence by serving as a scrivener. Even then he wrote 
a fine hand, and spelled with an accuracy that was uncommon in 
those years. But he tired of the work, and sighed for home. He 
managed to get to New York, where the Colonel received him 
with open arms. There was a council of war between the two, 
which must have been unique. The Colonel confessed that he 
could not govern his nephew, and then declared that, as the latter 
had to be governed in order to make him a man, the only thing 
left was to marry him off as quickly as possible. He accord- 
ingly brought about the union of his ward with Isabella, daughter 
of Sir James Graham, when the former was but twenty years 
of age. 

The marriage had the desired effect. Lewis II. became a 
serious man and entered upon a public career immediately. He be- 
came a member of the Governor's Council and soon afterwards 
Judge of the Court of Common Pleas in East Jersey. In 1697, he 
added lands to his estate in Bronxland, and the same year erected 
it into a Lordship or Manor, called Morrisania. The charter was 
very liberal, giving him the right to deodands, wrecks, estrays, 

Robert Hunter Morris 

Governor of Pennsylvania, i-j'^^ 


" Old Morrisania," New York 

Gouverneur Morris's Residence 

HDorris 27 

flotsam, and jetsam. This charter made the Morris family one of 
the tlve which possessed manorial estates in Westchester County. 
In 1700, he was made President of the Governor's Council, and two 
years afterwards, Governor of New Jersey. 

He was elected a member of Cornbury's Council, and while 
there became champion of the people's cause against the tyranny 
of the Governor. In 1707, he was sent to the General Assembly, 
where he was soon the leader of that body. In 1718, he was 
made Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of "New York, being the 
first native to hold the office. In 1734, he made a voyage to Eng- 
land, where he laid the grievances of New York before the Crown. 
On his return he advocated the separation of New York from New 
Jersey, which was afterwards accomplished. In 1738, New Jersey 
became a province or State, with Morris as Governor. 

He did not care for the position, but accepted it as a matter of 
principle. It involved leaving his beautiful home in Morrisania 
and renting a farm near Trenton. His administration was very 
successful and was marked by a deep interest in the welfare of the 
agricultural and industrial conditions of the commonwealth. He 
was one of the creators of the Council of Colonial Governors, 
which devised plans of offence and defence against the French and 
Indians, and kept a courier service between his State, Pennsyl- 
vania, New York, and Connecticut. New Jersey was poor, com- 
pared with New York, and to prevent increasing the burden of the 
taxpayers, the big-hearted Governor defrayed all these extra ex- 
penses, a series of actions in full keeping with what he had done 
in preceding years, when he served as Chief Justice without salary. 
He was Governor for eight years when he died at the ripe age 
of seventy-five. 

Almost fifty-five years of his life were passed in public affairs. 
The records of the time are filled with odd incidents illustrating 
his many-sided character. When they were building Trinity 
Church he donated the timber and sent the best logs which' he 
could secure, many of them being massive enough for a building 
three times the size of the church. He did this, according to 
tradition, because the logs were not for man's service, but for the 

28 flDorrie 

Lord's. The trustees were so pleased with his generous gift that 
they voted a square pew to him and his family, which, in the 
social code of those days, was the highest compliment that could 
be paid to a citizen. 

The directions he left as to his funeral were worthy of a Norse 
Viking. He desired to be buried at Morrisania in a plain coffin, 
without ostentation, and with no funeral sermon; but " neverthe- 
less, if any clergyman, no matter the denomination, desired to 
make a few remarks over the grave, the privilege should be ac- 
corded as he had no objection." Neither, he declared, "did he 
wish that any mourning rings or mourning scarfs should be given, 
or that any mourning should be worn for him," saying in his will, 
"I die when I shall die, and no one ought to mourn because I 
do so." 

He was an excellent husband and father, and in his wife had 
an invaluable partner and helpmeet. There were eight children 
by the marriage, two sons and six daughters. The oldest son was 
Lewis ill., and the other Robert Hunter. The former succeeded 
to the great New York estate of Morrisania, and the latter to the 
mansion and lands at Tinton, Monmouth County, N. J. Both of 
these estates had been managed with admirable business ability by 
the Governor, so that the sons began life much richer than did 
their distinguished father. 

The third generation continued the achievements of the 

second, the two sons proving talented men of affairs. Lewis 111., 

or Lewis, Jr. [1698], entered public life at the age of 

Judge Lewis » J L / J) F & 

twenty-four, when he became a member of Governor 
Burnet's Council. In 1737, he was chosen Speaker of the New 
York Provincial Assembly, and was returned to the Twenty- 
second, Twenty-third, Twenty-fourth, and Twenty-fifth Provin- 
cial Assemblies, closing his service in 1750. A good speaker and 
parliamentarian, with an unusual talent for repartee and humor, 
he was a commanding personality in the Assembly. He was im- 
pulsive, like his father, but, unlike the latter, had rare suavity and 
tact. His fame, however, rests upon his judicial rather than upon 
his legislative career. He was Judge of the Court of Admiralty, 

Mrs. Lewis Morris III. 
(Katrintje Staats) 

flDorri0 29 

which at that time had jurisdiction over New York, New Jersey, 
and Connecticut. To the bench he brought great learning and 
remarkable dignity. His decisions were sound, and his adminis- 
tration of justice reflected credit upon both himself and his court. 
There was a grim kind of merriment in his nature, which ex- 
pressed itself often in fantastic forms. 

At one time he astonished people by an extraordinary head- 
dress. Instead of the hat and the bag-wig of the period, he wore 
a loon-skin with all its feathers. The bird was of goodly size, and 
the massive plumage covered the Judge's head in a way that 
aroused attention wherever he went. He wore this queer con- 
trivance for a long time, displaying it at social functions as well as 
in his office and the chambers of his court. Whether it was in- 
tended as a practical satire upon the elaborate hair-dressing of the 
fashionables of that age, or whether it was a piece of nonsensical 
humor, is undetermined. The judge was twice married, his first 
wife being Katrintje Staats, daughter of Dr. Samuel Staats, by 
whom he had three sons: Lewis IV. [1726], the signer of the 
Declaration of Independence, Staats Long [1728], and Richard 
[1730]. His second wife was Sarah Gouverneur, daughter of 
Nicholas Gouverneur, by whom he had one son, Gouverneur 


Robert Hunter, the second son of Lewis II., the Chief Justice, 
enjoyed an equally brilliant career. In early manhood he was a 
member of the Council, thereafter Chief Justice of New Governor 
Jersey, and in 1754 Governor of Pennsylvania. Thus Robert 

in two generations the family had filled two guberna- 
torial chairs and three high places upon the bench. This is a 
record of which they may well be proud. To Robert Hunter, 
Franklin refers in friendly terms in his autobiography, throwing a 
pleasant side-light upon the Morris character : 

"In my journey to Boston this year (1754) I met at New 
York our new Governor, Mr. Morris, just arrived from England, 
with whom 1 had been before intimately acquainted. Mr. Morris 
asked me if I thought he ' must expect as uncomfortable an 

30 riDorrls 

administration as Governor Hamilton, his predecessor, had had.' 
1 said, 'No; you may on the contrary have a very comfortable 
one, if you will only take care not to enter into any dispute with 
the Assembly.' 'My dear friend,' said he, pleasantly, 'how can 
you advise my avoiding disputes ? You know 1 love disputing. 
It is one of my greatest pleasures. However, to show the regard 
I have for your counsels, 1 promise you I will if possible avoid 
them.' He had some reason for loving to dispute, being eloquent 
and an acute sophist, and therefore generally successful in argu- 
mentative conversation. He had been brought up to it from a 
boy, his father, as 1 have heard, accustoming his children to dis- 
pute with one another for his diversion while talking at the table 
after dinner." 

Later on, when Franklin returned to his seat in the Assembly, 
he was put on every committee for answering the Governor's 
speeches and messages. The communications "on both sides," 
he says, "were sometimes very abusive. I might imagine that, 
as he knew I wrote for the Assembly, should we meet, we could 
hardly avoid cutting throats; but he was so good-natured a man 
that no personal difference between us was occasioned by the 
contest, and we often dined together. 

"One afternoon in the height of this public quarrel we met in 
the street. ' Franklin,' said he, ' you must go home with me and 
spend the evening. 1 am to have some company that you will 
like,' and taking me by the arm led me to his house, in gay con- 
versation after supper he told us jokingly that he much admired 
the idea of Sancho Panza, who, when it was proposed to give him 
a government, requested it might be a government of blacks, as 
then, if he could not agree with his people, he might sell them." 

Robert Hunter died in 1764 when dancing at a village party. 
The Governor led the dance with the wife of the village clergy- 
man, and while bowing to his partner expired without a word or 
groan. He never married, and his estate went to his brother. 

His code of living was quaintly expressed in a pleasant jingle 
which is treasured by the family. 

Richard Morris 

Chief Justice under the Crown 

riDorrls 31 

1 am neither high church, nor low church, tory or whig; 

No flattering young coxcomb, no formal old prig; 

Not eternally talking or silently quaint; 

No profligate sinner, no pragmatical saint. 

I think freely, 1 own, yet 1 firmly believe, 

1 'm not vain of my judgment or pinned on a sleeve. 

To lift truth from all rubbish, I '11 do what I can, — 

God knows if 1 err I 'm a fallible man. 

Any faults of my friends, I would scorn to expose 

And detest private scandal, tho' cast on my foes. 

When merit appears, though in rags, I 'II respect it; 

Will plead virtue's cause should the whole world reject it. 

Cool reason I bow to, wherever 't is found, 

Rejoice in sound learning with modesty crowned. 

To no party I 'm slave; in no squabble 1 '11 join; 

Nor damn the opinion opposing my own. 

Length of days I desire, yet at my last breath 

I hope to betray no mean terrors of death; 

While as to the way after death to be trod 

I submit to the will of a merciful God. 

Lewis IV., or the Signer [1726], was graduated from Yale in 
1764, and utilized his education by taking up what we would call 
scientific farming. In this field he did much commend- cen. Lewis 
able work, applying the latest ideas in European agri- t^e signer 
culture and modifying them to suit American conditions. In 1775, 
he was sent from New York to the Continental Congress, and, in 
1 776, he was one of the immortal fifty-six signers of the Declaration 
of Independence. It was after the great debate upon the Declara- 
tion, and just before the signing, that he received a letter from his 
brother, Staats Morris, who was a general in the British Army, 
begging him not to take so rash a step, and to think of the conse- 
quences. " Damn the consequences; give me the pen," was the 
reply of the impetuous Morris. 

He was one of the party when Franklin enunciated a famous 
bon mot. A delegate remarked: " Gentlemen, now that we have 
signed this document, we must all hang together." Franklin 
replied quickly: " Most certainly! if we do not, we shall all hang 

32 flDorris 

Lewis served in the field and afterwards was a valued and 
industrious member of the New York Legislature, holding office in 
1777 and 1778. He was deeply interested in the National Guard, 
and rose to the rank of a major-general. He married Mary, daugh- 
ter of Jacob Walton. Of his children, five sons served in the army, 
three of them making such brilliant records as to receive the thanks 
of Congress, and one son served commendably in the navy. 

Staats [1728] was educated at Yale, entered the British Army, 
and through his powerful family influence attained the rank of 
staats, Maj.- major when he was thirty. He married the Duchess 
General and of Gordou, who accompauied him to India, where he 
distinguished himself at the siege of Pondicherry. 
When ordered to repair to America at the breaking out of the 
Revolution, he resigned his commission. The British Govern- 
ment, respecting his feelings, appointed him major-general, and 
detailed him to garrison duty. In 1796, he became a general, and 
in the following year was appointed Governor of Quebec. He 
died in 1800, without issue. 

Richard, the third son of Lewis ill., was graduated from Yale 
in 1748 and took up the study of law. He was admitted to the 
Richard the bar, where he became known for his wide legal read- 
chief Justice jpg jj^ ,^^2, he was made a Judge of the Vice-Admi- 
ralty, which position he resigned in 177=) to take up the cause of 
the people against the Crown. Governor Tryon, on receiving the 
resignation, requested Richard to remain in office until quieter times. 
He answered that "he could never sacrifice his principles to his 
interests, and that his office was at the Governor's disposal." 

In 1776, he was made Judge of the High Court of Admiralty 
of New York, but declined the office. Two years afterwards, 
he was made Senator from the Southern District, and in the 
following year Chief Justice of the New York Supreme 
Court. In 1788, he was a member of the State Convention 
which ratified the Federal Constitution. In 1790, having reached 
the age of sixty, he resigned all his offices and retired to his 
estate at Scarsdale, Westchester County, where he passed the 
remaining twenty years of his life. He married Sarah Ludlow, 

Frances LudlLim 

Wife of Robert Morris 

HDorria 33 

daughter of Henry Ludlow, by whom he had two sons and a 

Gouverneur [1752], the fourth son of Lewis IIL, was graduated 
at King's College (1768), studied law, and was admitted to the 
bar in 1771. Here he made a brilliant success. In Gouverneur 
177s, he was a delegate to the Provincial Congress and the statesman 
signed the Articles of Confederation. During the Revolution he 
was employed in many capacities, and in all displayed signal 
ability and zeal. He was an active member of the Convention 
which framed the Constitution, and was a Commissioner to Eng- 
land in 1789. Three years later, he was Minister to France, and 
after the expiration of his term spent several years abroad in study 
and travel. He became United States Senator in 1800, but served 
only three years of the six. In literature, he was almost as suc- 
cessful as in law and diplomacy. His writings were numerous 
and highly esteemed, if not popular. Taine, the French critic, 
said that of all our early statesmen he had the keenest sense of 
humor, and Hamilton summed him up: "He was by birth a 
native of this country, but by genius an exotic." 

Congress paid him the high compliment of assigning to him 
the task of delivering the funeral orations over Washington and 
Hamilton. The addresses produced a profound impression upon 
the American people, and are even to-day placed among the best 
examples of American eloquence. He was the second President 
of the New York Historical Society, and during the latter part of 
his life was a commanding figure in New York society. He mar- 
ried Annie Cary Randolph, daughter of Thomas Randolph of 
Virginia, a descendant of Pocahontas, by whom he had one son, 
Gouverneur II. 

The fifth generation reached manhood about the time of the 
Revolution, and, as might be expected, was noted for its military 
record and prowess. Of its members, probably the 

^ General Jacob 

most celebrated was General Jacob, son of Lewis the 
Signer. He served through the war, and distinguished himself 
in many battles. When peace came, in 1783, he retired to private 
life, but took a strong part in public affairs. The energy which 

34 HDorrls 

he had displayed as a soldier was now turned into pacific chan- 
nels. The State of New York, recognizing the losses sustained by 
Lewis and Richard Morris during the Revolution, in which their 
Morrisania property had been well-nigh destroyed, granted the 
brothers a tract of land, consisting of three thousand acres, in 
Montgomery County, as an indemnity as well as a compliment. 
The General was the pioneer of this patent, and established his 
home in the very heart of what was then a wilderness. The hard- 
ships of pioneering seemed to exert a beneficial influence upon 
the stout-hearted General and his wife. They changed the forest 
land into magnificent farms, and at the close of long lives they 
saw happy towns and villages where before there had been 
naught but the Indian and the wild beast. Their union was fruit- 
ful, his wife, Mary Cox, bearing him twelve children, nearly 
all of whom lived to a ripe old age. When he was over 
seventy he married a second time, and was blessed with one 
child, a son, A. P. Morris. 

Next in importance to General Jacob was Commodore Richard 
Valentine, son of Lewis the Signer, an able, energetic, and pro- 
gressive officer of the American Navy. He was the 

Commodore ° •' 

Richard head of a cadet branch, which had many representa- 
tives in the next three generations. A third son of 
Lewis the Signer was Colonel Lewis, aide-de-camp to General 
Colonel Sullivan and General Greene. A fourth was James, 
Lewis ^jio v/as a captain in the Revolution, and who married 

Helen Van Cortlandt, daughter of Augustus Van Cortlandt. 

Of the children of Richard the Chief Justice, the third son 
of Lewis III., the best known was Robert of Fordham. He devoted 
Robert of his life to the care of his estate in Westchester County, 
Fordham ^Lud was Instrumental in effecting many reforms and 
improvements in that shire. Two of his children played active 
parts in the middle of the nineteenth century, Robert Hunter 
and Lewis Gouverneur. 

Gouverneur II. [1813], son of Gouverneur, Minister to France, 
was noted for his activity in the development of the internal re- 
sources of the United States in the first half of the nineteenth 


Lewis Gouverneur Morris 

From a steel engraving by Samuel Sartain 

flDorris 35 

century. He was twice married: first to his cousin, Martha 
Jefferson Gary, of Virginia, and, second, to his cousin, 

■' J < o > y Gouverneur II. 

Anna Morris. He left two sons, Gouverneur 111. the 
journalist, and Randolph. Gouverneur 111. is represented in the 
seventh generation by Gouverneur IV. 

In the sixth generation, the Signer was represented by the 
three sons of Commodore Richard Valentine: Gerard Walton, who 
was graduated from Columbia in 1818, and was for Gerard 

many years a leading lawyer in New York; Henry, who waiton 
was graduated from Columbia in 1826, and was also a barrister; 
and Richard Valentine II. 

Robert Hunter II., son of Robert of Fordham, was a member 
of the Constitutional Convention of 1848, Recorder and Mayor Robert 
Mayor of the city of New York for three terms, and Hunter 

Justice of the Supreme Court. 

Lewis Gouverneur [1808], son of Robert of Fordham, took up 
his father's work, and devoted himself to the development of the 
southern port of Westchester County. As early as ^ewis 

1838, he began the movement for the deepening and Gouverneur 
rectification of the Harlem River, and for the drainage 
of the marshes in its neighborhood. He encountered consider- 
able opposition from the conservative elements of the district, but 
by sheer pluck and indomitable patience carried his plans through 
to a triumphant end. His greatest victory has its memorial in 
that noble structure, the High Bridge. When it was determined 
to bring the Croton water through to New York, the first proposi- 
tion was to build a solid structure, which would have rendered 
the Harlem unnavigable. Lewis fought the project with all his 
strength, and urged an aqueduct along the lines of the present 
structure. His plans excited an outburst of protestations upon the 
ground of extravagance, corruption, and folly. He even went so 
far as to employ force. 

When the contractors began driving strong piles which 
threatened to close the stream, he studied the laws and found 
some precedents whereby he could legally sail a heavily laden 
craft through the navigable stream even when this was impeded 

36 HDorris 

by trespassers. He chartered an unwieldy craft, loaded it in Phila- 
delphia with coal, sailed it up the Harlem at flood-tide, and as he 
approached the piling refused to drop anchor. The tide made 
the vessel an enormous battering ram, which swept away the 
works like reeds. He anchored a quarter of a mile above, and 
upon the ebb raised the anchors and swept back, demolishing, it 
is said, the little of the structure that remained. This was too 
much for the contractors. They gave up their attempt, and the 
Harlem River was preserved in its integrity. In the fifties, he 
wrote a monograph in favor of a ship canal at Spuyten Duyvil. 
The project was regarded as visionary at the time, but was 
adopted by the United States Government, and made a fact in 
the nineties. He was active in the breeding of fine stock, and was 
one of the earliest importers of Devonshires, Shorthorns, and 
Southdowns. He prospered so well in this enterprise that, 
after a few years, he became an exporter, and sent valuable 
cargoes to Cuba, Canada, the Western States, and the Sandwich 
Islands. He married Emily Lorillard, daughter of Jacob Lorillard, 
by whom he had two sons, Fordham Morris, now 
living, and Commander Francis, U. S. N., who died 
before him. 

In the seventh generation, the main line from Lewis the 

Signer is well represented by Henry Lewis, son of Henry of 

Morrisania. He married Anna R. Russell, daughter of 

enry ewis ^^(-|^j|-,^|^ Russcll and Helen Rutherford Watts. He is 

a lawyer, a member of many clubs and scientific societies, and a 
patron of the Metropolitan Museum of Art and of the American 
Museum of Natural History. Lewis the Signer is represented in 
the eighth generation by Lewis Spencer and Eleanor R. 

The Morris family resembles the old landed gentry of 
England. For more than two centuries they have been identified 
with great estates on the one side and public affairs on the other. 
Few of their long roll have ever touched trade, and only a minority 
have cared for the professions. Where they have taken up the 
latter, it has almost invariably been the law, and in this they have 
attained the highest success. They make magnificent soldiers, 

HDorrts 37 

and can look back upon an illustrious record in the three great 
wars of American history. From the first they have been marked 
by studious habits, broad culture, philanthropy, and patriotism. 
By marriage, they have become connected with most of the old 
families of the State, but, unlike many others, they have not been 
swallowed up, but have on the contrary impressed themselves 
upon the other bloods. Starting with a single ancestor in Cap- 
tain Richard, they have increased in numbers, generation after 
generation, until to-day they can point to more than two hundred 
living representatives of their name. 



Samuel Osgood 

From the painting by J. Trumbull 



)AMILIES have characters, like indi- 
viduals. Some are stationary, others 
move from place to place, and a third 
type separates and sends its frag- 
ments in various directions. Thus, 
the famous King family is identified 
with many States. Somev^hat simi- 
lar to it is the Osgood family, which 
for two centuries has been a power 
in both Massachusetts and New York. 
The founder was Captain John [i 595], 
who came to New England about 
1635, and settled in the Bay State. In 1639, he was admitted a 
freeman of the town of Newbury. Subsequently, he joined the 
pioneer party which settled in the virgin forest, cleared c^pt. john 
the land, and established the celebrated town of An- ^^^ Founder 
dover. He was a religious enthusiast, and devoted all his leisure 
time "to the glory of God," to use the quaint language of the 
Puritan days. His was the second house to be erected in the little 
settlement, and it had hardly been completed before it was utilized 
as the church or "meeting-house" of the neighborhood. The 
original homestead remained in the possession of the family for 
more than two hundred years. 

According to his contemporaries, he feared neither the theo- 
logical devil nor the red ones who prowled in the neighborhood, 


42 ©00005 

He went to church with a musket, and whenever Indian condi- 
tions looked threatening, he and his sons went about their busi- 
ness armed to the teeth. No better type of the God-fearing and 
stout-hearted pioneer can be found in the early pages of New 

For a century, the family remained in the neighborhood of its 
first home. It grew in numbers, wealth, and influence. The 
records show them to have been prominent in commercial, agri- 
cultural, political, and ecclesiastical affairs. They were farmers, 
merchants, and traders, grand-jurymen, town clerks, assessors, 
highway commissioners, selectmen, and chairmen and secretaries 
of town meetings, deacons, elders, trustees, moderators, and 
clergymen. They had high ideals as to public virtue, and were 
honest and patriotic to a fault. From the beginning, they set store 
upon public education, and gave their children the best instruction 
which could be obtained. The sons were sent to Boston, and 
afterwards to Cambridge, when Harvard was established; while 
the daughters were carefully brought up in the woman's curric- 
ulum of New England. To this period belong such characters as 
Colonel Isaac, Dr. Henry, Colonel John, the Rev. Thaddeus, the 
Rev. Daniel, Captain Isaac, the Rev. David, Dr. Kendall, Captain 
Samuel, and Colonel John. 

When the agitation began throughout the colonies in favor of 
greater liberty and in opposition to the tyrannical features of the 
colonial government, it found the Osgoods among the strongest 
supporters of popular rights. They were not agitators, but zealots. 
They were not to be bribed nor corrupted, because their wealth 
rendered them independent and above temptation, and their high 
social position made them superior in many respects to the officials 
who were sent across the sea from Westminster to govern the 
Crown possessions. 

Between 1760 and 1776, their name dots the record of the cam- 
paign for freedom. In 1765, Captain Peter and Colonel John were 
r- . r, . members of a committee which drew up resolutions 

Capt. Peter ^ 

against the Stamp Act and other inequitable imposts. 
In 1768, Captain Peter was the leading member of the committee 

©00OO& 43 

formed to encourage home manufactures in defiance of the policy 
of the Crown and to discourage the importation of all superfluities 
from Great Britain. When Captain Peter was asked what were 
superfluities, he responded with grim Yankee humor: " Everything 
imported from England." 

in 1774, the indomitable Captain and Dr. Joseph, his cousin, 
were members of the Committee of Safety. Of their record in 
the Revolution, naught can be said but praise. They 

^ ' Dr. Joseph 

did not manifest high military talent, but made up for 
this by a patience, discipline, endurance, and stoical courage which 
are of equal value in the field of Mars. At least thirty served in 
the great struggle, one and all of whom made model soldiers. 

In this group of distinguished patriots was Samuel [1748], the 
statesman, the founder of the branch in "New York City. He was 
graduated from Harvard in 1770, and took up the study coionei 
of theology. His health breaking down, he relinquished samueithe 
the pulpit for public life. In 1774, he was elected 
to the Provincial Congress of Massachusetts. When the British 
sent their expeditions to Lexington and Concord in 1775, he 
organized a company of minute-men, and fought the redcoats at 
both places. The same year he was made major, and in the fall 
aide-de-camp to General Ward, with the rank of colonel. His 
popularity was so great that a colonelcy of a regiment was offered 
to him, but he declined on the ground that there were many 
better soldiers than himself who could take the command, and 
that he could do more good for his fellow-countrymen as a mem- 
ber of the Provincial Congress. 

Upon entering that body, he was made a member of the Board 
of War, on which he served with signal success for four years. He 
then became a Senator and a member of the Continental Congress, 
where he remained until 1784. He was again elected, and in 1785 
was made a Judge. A few months afterwards, the Federal Govern- 
ment appointed him First Commissioner of the United States 
Treasury, which he remained until 1789. He was then appointed 
Postmaster-General, which post he held until 1791, when he re- 
signed because he preferred remaining a private citizen in New 

44 ©SQOOD 

York City to being a Cabinet officer in Philadelphia, to which city 
the national capital was then removed. The people of New York 
must have appreciated the compliment thus paid, because they 
elected him to the State Legislature (1800-1801-1802), and during 
the first two years of that period he was made the Speaker ol the 
Assembly. From 1801 to 1803, he was State Supervisor, and from 
the last-named year to his death in 181 3 he was the Naval Officer 
of the Port of New York. 

During the thirty years in which he resided in the metropolis 
he was one of its most distinguished citizens. No man had more 
at heart the welfare of the community. When the present public- 
school system was devised, on the list of the incorporators the 
first two names were those of De Witt Clinton and Samuel 
Osgood. It may be interesting to know the names of the public- 
spirited men to whom the present City of New York is under so 
many obligations. In addition to the two mentioned, were Brock- 
hoist Livingston, John Murray, Jr., Jacob Morton, Thomas Eddy, 
Daniel D. Tompkins, John Pintard, Thomas Pearsall, the Rev. 
Dr. Samuel Miller, Joseph Constant, Robert Bowne, Matthew 
Clarkson, Archibald Gracie, John McVickar, Charles Wilkes, 
Henry Ten Broeck, Gilbert Aspinwall, Valentine Seaman, William 
Johnson, William Coit, Matthew Franklin, Adrian Hegeman, 
Leonard Bleecker, Benjamin G. Minturn, Thomas Franklin, Samuel 
Russell, Samuel Doughty, Alexander Robertson, Samuel Torbert, 
John Withington, William Edgar, George TurnbuU, William Boyd, 
Jacob Mott, Benjamin Egbert, Thomas Farmer, and Dr. Samuel 
Latham Mitchell. 

When the New York City Dispensary was founded, he was 
one of the first trustees, and in nearly all of the public movements 
in the last part of the eighteenth century he was a conspicuous fig- 
ure. Beneath the man of affairs was the thinker and the scholar. 
Late at night and early in the morning he devoted his time to 
studying topics utterly disconnected with the routine of his life. 
Among the works which he published were a monograph on 
Chronology, a curious study upon Daniel and Revelation, Theology 
and Metaphysics, Letters on Episcopacy, and other philosophic, 

©SgOOb 45 

Biblical, historical, and ecclesiastical topics. He was twice mar- 
ried, his first wife being Martha Brandon, who had no issue, and 
his second, Maria Bowne Franklin, widow of Walter Franklin, 
after whom Franklin Square, "New York City, was named, by 
whom he had three daughters. Of these, Martha Brandon 
married the French Minister, Edmond C. Genet, from whom 
comes the Genet family of New York; Julia married her cousin, 
Samuel Osgood, and Susan Maria married Moses Field, and was 
the mother of Judge Maunsell B. Field. 

Samuel [1812], of the sixth generation, a famous divine, was 
graduated from Harvard College (1832), and from the Harvard 
Divinity School (1835). After a brief career as an Rev. Dr. 
editor, he took a pulpit in Nashua, N. H., and in 1849 ^*'°"^' 
accepted the pastorate of the Church of the Messiah in Nev/ York 
City, in which place he died in 1880. His life may be divided into 
two epochs: twenty years in active clerical labor and eleven in 
hard literary work. 

His contributions to American literature were numerous and 
valuable. Among his chief productions were Studies in Christian 
Biography, God with Men, The Hearthstone, Milestones in Our 
Life's Journey, Student Life, American Leaves, and an address 
before the New York Historical Society upon "Thomas Craw- 
ford on Art in America." He translated from the German Her- 
man Olshausen's History of the Passion, and De Wette's Human 
Life. For four years he was editor of the Christian Inquirer, 
while his magazine articles, lectures, college addresses, and crit- 
ical studies were more than two hundred in number. 

In the seventh generation were several conspicuous members. 
Walter Franklin [1791] was educated at Columbia College (1809), 
from which he also received the degree of A.M. He inherited a 
handsome fortune, of which he took good care. He was promi- 
nent in church and social circles, and was connected with several 
moneyed institutions. The Rev. Alfred [1807] was a Rev. Alfred, 
scholarly and enthusiastic home missionary. Ordained Missionary 
in 1835, he took up the onerous life of an evangelist in newly 
opened or sparsely peopled districts. For ten years he labored in 

46 ©sgoob 

Ulster County and adjacent districts in the Catskills, and then, at 
the request of the Missionary Board, he went to La Salle, 111., 
where he worked with remarkable success. Besides founding 
several churches, he mapped out and planned a settlement upon 
the open prairie which grew into the present community of Hope- 
town. He married Paulia C. Pelt, by whom he had three children. 
Of these, Alfred T., the only son [1844], was prominent in finan- 
cial matters. He married Clara Kenyon, by whom he had issue. 

The Rev. David [1813] was notable in the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church. His eloquence and scholarship have given him an 
Reverend enviable celebrity. He was twice married : first, to 
David Harriet K. Ladd, and, second, to Maria Carle. His 

children were three in number : David L. [1843], Mary M. [1851], 
and Harriet K. [1854]. 

Samuel Stillman, the artist [1808], was for many years prom- 
inent in the world of painting. His specialty was portrait-mak- 
samueis., ing, aud many of his canvases are treasured in the 
Artist great public collections of the country. He married 

twice — first, Frances Sargent Locke of Boston, and, second, 
Sarah R. Howland of New York. The first wife, Frances, was 
the author known by the pen name of " Fanny Forrester." Her 
literary talent was developed at an early age, and she wrote sev- 
eral fine poems when a mere child. Her contributions to period- 
icals were many and attractive. Most of them were collected and 
published in book form. Among her works were The Casket of 
Fate, A Wreath of Wild Flowers from New England, The Poetry 
of Flowers and the Flowers of Poetry, Poems, The Floral Offering, 
and Poems. From 1840 to her death the Osgoods resided in New 
York, during which time their home was a literary and artistic 

In the eighth generation, the Rev. Howard [183 1] was the 
most distinguished. He took sacred orders and settled finally in 
Reverend Rochester, wherc he conducted a very successful pas- 
Howard torate. He v/as a contributor to the religious press. 
He married Caroline Townsend Lawrence of New York, by whom 
he had issue. 

o -s 

be 2 

o -^ 

— bO 



Q I 


©SOOOb 47 

In the ninth generation, a conspicuous member is Professor 
Herbert Levi. He was graduated from Amherst (1877), where he 
took the degree of A.M. in 1880. He entered the Post- professor 
Graduate School of Political Science at Columbia Uni- ""^"' l-^'* 
versify, where in 1889 he received the degree of Ph.D. He is 
an educator by profession, and is now professor of history at 

Howard Lawrence [1855], son of the Rev. Howard, was a 
lawyer at Rochester, and was identified with the affairs of that 
city. He married Catharine Rochester Montgomery, by whom 
he has had issue. 

The characteristic of the Osgood race has been a strong 
religious nature. At the beginning of their career they were 
stern, and it may be narrow, Puritans. The pioneers of Massa- 
chusetts were tolerant only of themselves and denied to others 
the liberty of worship for which they themselves were ready to die. 
With the increase of wealth and culture, their natures broadened,, 
and their religious conceptions grew more generous. In the 
eighteenth century, the leading representatives had departed from 
the iron creed of the seventeenth, while in the nineteenth, many 
of them belonged to the most liberal faiths. 

No family has given a larger number of sons to the pulpit. 
There have been so many that the name has a distinctly religious 
sound. The tendencies which are involved in this field of spirit- 
ual endeavor have shaped the destinies of those who did not 
enter the sacred calling. Many Osgoods have been famous in 
charities, institutional work, the Red Cross Society, prison reform, 
and the management of asylums and hospitals. The wealth and 
culture of the race have been expressed by the contingent who 
have entered other learned professions. Among them are editors, 
poets, playwrights, historians, lawyers, physicians, archaeologists, 
pedagogues, and artists. Few seem to have cared for commer- 
cial life, and while intensely patriotic, they have not enjoyed the 
perpetual clash and struggle which prevail in political life. 

Their career in the Empire State has been paralleled by that in 
the Bay State. Those who have gone into other commonwealths 

48 ©SQOOb 

have carried with them their simple modes of living, their culture 
and love of learning, and their intense civic and patriotic spirit. 
While the family has never been marked by great wealth, high 
military genius, or political skill, it has impressed itself upon the 
State and nation by its indomitable moral and religious force. It 
has been a power for good, from the first pioneer, who wor- 
shipped God with his loaded musket in hand, down to the score 
of clergymen who are trying to raise the moral standards of 



Bishop Aloit^o Potter 
From a painting 



HERE is something heroic about a re- 
ligious zealot. The sacrifice of self 
upon the altar of an ideal appeals to 
the heart, no matter whether the 
sacrifice consists of an anchoritic life 
of abnegation and suffering, of an 
evangelist's career in the dark com- 
munities of the world, or of the turbu- 
lent existence of the reformer, trying 
to arouse his generation to a loftier 
manhood. In the early settlement 
of New England, these types of men 
were numerous and noticeable. What could be more picturesque 
than Miles Standish praying with extreme unction for God's bless- 
ing upon the heathen redskins, and then sallying forth with the 
sword and gun to send as many as he possibly could into the 
presence of their Creator ? What dramatic possibilities are bound 
up in the experience of Lion Gardiner at Fort Saybrook, where his 
day was divided into fragments which were applied to study, 
engineering, manual labor, prayer, praise, and taking arms against 
"the hellish Indians." No less memorable was the Robert 

fierce enthusiasm of Robert Potter, of Warwick, R. 1., t^e Founder 
who founded a race which added lustre to American annals. 

He came from Coventry, England, which seems to have been 
a hotbed of religious zeal, and in his early manhood had evolved a 


52 potter 

stern and heroic belief which made him a thorn in the flesh to his 
neighbors. It is hard for us who enjoy the liberal spirit of the 
twentieth century to understand the exact position of the man's 
mind concerning affairs spiritual. He has been called a Quaker, 
but he certainly had little in common with that meek and long- 
suffering sect. Other critics have called him an Antinomian, both 
of the Lutheran and Calvinistic varieties, and yet his opinions can- 
not be interpreted according to either of those schools of religious 
thought. As a matter of fact, he probably was a law unto him- 
self Intensely devout, full of enthusiasm and energy, he tried to 
live according to his own canons and resented all attempts to 
circumscribe his liberty by well-meaning but officious third parties. 

He came to the Massachusetts Plantations in 1634, and the same 
year was made a freeman under the ancient law. This indicates 
that he was a man of education, high intelligence, and some 
means. He settled first at Lynn, and thence removed to Rox- 
bury. Here he had a violent altercation with the church, in which 
he was haled before the courts and compelled to give bonds for 
his appearance unless " hee bee with his family removed out ot the 
plantation before. " This decorous way of exiling a citizen resulted 
in his migrating to Rhode Island, where, with a group of associ- 
ates, he bought the tract of land called the Shawomet purchase, 
which was christened Warwick, in honor of the Earl of that name 
who had espoused their cause during their quarrels with Massa- 
chusetts. Although Rhode Island was exceedingly liberal com- 
pared with Massachusetts, it was not long before the fearless 
agitator found himself in hot water with his new neighbors, and 
was imprisoned and otherwise punished for his "blasphemies." 
In 1643, he had the honor of being excommunicated by his bigoted 

During the next four generations the family prospered and 
waxed numerous. Its stern fanaticism changed to intellectual 
and civic activity, and its members rose to become prominent 
actors in the drama of colonial life. The records of Rhode Island 
show them to have held many offices, and to have been marked 
by probity, intellectuality, and sound sense. One branch settled 

potter 53 

in Massachusetts, and gave many distinguished sons to the service 
of the colony, and afterwards to the State; a second became 
prominent in the development of New Hampshire, while a third 
settled in New York, and in the course of time came to rival the 
main branch in the distinction and public service of its members. 

The line of descent of the New York branch is clear and 
simple. Robert's son, John [1639], married Ruth Fisher; their son 
John [1669] married Jane Burlingame; their son John [1695] rn^r- 
ried Mrs. Phcebe Arnold Greene, widow, a daughter Joseph the 
of Stephen and Mary (Sheldon) Arnold; and their son New York 
Thomas [1735] married Esther Sheldon. Of their off- 
spring, Joseph [1757], who married Anna Knight, was the founder 
of the New York family. John [1695], Thomas [1735], and Joseph 
[1757] were Quakers. 

Joseph, of New York, was a well-educated and industrious 
character, who on arrival in New York State settled in Beekman, 
now La Grange, Dutchess County. He became prominent in his 
new home, and enjoyed the affection of his fellow-citizens. They 
elected him to many positions of honor, of which the most 
important was the Assemblymanship, he being sent to Albany as 
a representative in 1798 and 1814. Here he proved an intelligent 
legislator and an incorruptible politician. 

The great characters of the seventh generation were his two 
sons. Bishops Alonzo and Horatio. Alonzo fiSoo] was graduated 
from Union College (1818), where he was the honor Bishop 

man of his class. Shortly after his graduation, he took ^'°°^° 

up theological studies with a view of entering the pulpit. In the 
meantime, he served as a tutor at his Alma Mater, and on coming 
of age was made professor of mathematics and physics at that 

In 1824, he took orders and married, his wife being Sarah 
Maria Nott, daughter of the Rev. Dr. Eliphalet Nott, President 
of Union College. In 1832, he was appointed to fill the chair of 
moral and intellectual philosophy and political economy. Six 
years later, he became Vice-President of Union, which position he 
administered with great ability up to the time of his election as 

54 potter 

Protestant Episcopal Bishop of Pennsylvania. This new honor 
was the opportunity of his lifetime. Too often the position is 
viewed as a reward for past services and as a vacation after years 
of earnest effort. In the case of Bishop Alonzo, it was the opening 
of a field for greater energy and efficiency. 

He had no more than taken the cathedral chair, when he 
began a campaign of work which attracted the attention of the 
country and made him immortal in the annals of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church. He advocated human liberty, and though he 
incurred the displeasure of many rabid pro-slavery enthusiasts, 
he won the respect and affection of the great masses of the North. 
He lectured with marked success, proving himself one of the 
brilliant orators of his time. He contributed largely to American 
literature, his writings displaying an almost phenomenal versa- 
tility. These writings include a treatise on logarithms and a course 
of lectures on the evidences of Christianity, a treatise on descrip- 
tive geometry, a noble volume on "Religious Philosophy," a 
sound text-book on " Political Economy," and a critical edition of 
a volume of poems. His most notable achievement was the 
organization of the forces of his Church into instrumentalities for 
practical work. His eloquence and goodness, coupled with extra- 
ordinary executive ability, made easy for him what to others 
would have been insuperable, and resulted in an advance of his 
Church in every direction. 

Among other things that were accomplished during this time 
were the building and endowment of the Protestant Episcopal 
hospital of his diocese, the establishment of the Protestant Episco- 
pal Academy, the foundation of the Protestant Episcopal Divinity 
School of Philadelphia, and the erection of no less than thirty-five 
new churches in the city of Philadelphia. So great was the amount 
of labor involved that his health broke down under the strain and 
he was compelled to seek the relief of an assistant. The conse- 
quences of his work were a growth of his diocese in wealth, 
numbers, and activity, which necessitated its division into two 
separate organizations. He married three times. By his first 
wife, Sarah Maria "Nott, he had the Hon. Clarkson N. [1825], 

potter 55 

who married Virginia Mitchell; Howard [1826], who married Mary 
L. Brown; General Robert B. [1829], who married, first, Francis 
Tileston, and second, Abigail Stevens; Edward Tuckerman [1831], 
who married Julia Blatchford; the Right Rev. Henry Codman 
[183s], who married Eliza Rogers; EliphaletN. [1837], who married 
Helen Fuller; and Maria [1839], who married Launt Thompson. 
By his second wife, Sarah Porter, he had James Neilson [1841], 
who married Harriet Duer Jones; William A. [1842]; and Frank 
Hunter [1851], who married Alice Key. His third wife was 
Frances Seton. 

Bishop Horatio [1802] was graduated from Union in 1826, 
and admitted to the priesthood two years later. The same 
year he was made professor of mathematics and Bishop 

physics in Washington, now Trinity, College. Five Horatio 
years later, he became rector of St. Peter's Church, Albany, where 
he labored with great power and success twenty-one years. In 
1845, he was made Provisional Bishop of the Diocese of New York, 
and in 1861, Bishop. 

His work in New York may be compared with that of his 
brother in Philadelphia, being marked by the same great adminis- 
trative talent, contagious enthusiasm, and deep belief in the 
efficacy of organized effort. The Church grew rapidly, and in 
1868 the diocese had become so unwieldy that it was divided into 
three parts, Albany and Long Island being erected into separate 
jurisdictions. Marked by ripe scholarship and literary skill, his 
addresses, sermons, and occasional contributions to Church litera- 
ture exerted a strong and wholesome influence wherever read. 
During the war his patriotism was marked, and at all times his 
labors for the ignorant, poor, and sick were continuous and effi- 
cient. He married, first, Mary Jane Tomlinson, and, second, 
Margaret Pollock. Among his children were Charles Henry [1 828], 
Mary Jane [1830], Anna [183 1], David T. [1836], Phcebe [1838], 
Horatio [1840], Robert Minturn [1843], Professor William Bleecker 
[1846], and Mary J. [1848]. 

The eighth generation was marked by many men of emi- 
nence. The Hon. Clarkson Nott [1825] was graduated from 

56 potter 

Union (1842), studied civil engineering at the Rensselaer Poly- 
technic, and thereafter law, and was admitted to the bar. This 
thorough education made him a valued member of the 
Nou, community, and in 1868 he was elected to Congress, 

statesman ^jig^g j^g served three terms until 1875, and thereafter 
served two terms, from 1877 to 1881. From the first he was a 
prominent character in the House of Representatives. His greatest 
achievement was his exposure of the frauds in the Presidential 
election of 1876, being chairman of the committee which investi- 
gated the matter, and doing the lion's share of the work. For 
many years he was one of the great leaders of the New York 
Democracy, and was at one time President of the American Bar 

Howard, the banker [1826], was born at Union College, and 
graduated therefrom in 1846. He came into great prominence 
Howard duHug the Civil War, when he organized many relief 
the Banker associations and other patriotic societies, and may be 
justly called one of the fathers of the famous United States Sani- 
tary Commission. He was an incorporator of the American Mu- 
seum of Natural History and of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 
and an organizer of the New York State Charities Aid Association. 
In 1873, he was elected President of the New York Association for 
Improving the Condition of the Poor. He has played an import- 
ant part in the various societies which have been established for 
the preservation of scenery and historical monuments, the estab- 
lishment of state and local parks, and the reservation of Niagara 
Falls as a public pleasure-ground. 

The soldier of this generation was General Robert B. [1829]. 
He studied at Union College, and afterwards took up law, and 
Major-Generai was admitted to the bar. At the breaking out of the 
Robert B. (-{vil War he gave up a lucrative practice to aid in the 
defence of the Union. He fought like a hero, and rose rapidly, 
becoming a brigadier-general in 1863. The following year he was 
brevetted major-general, and on his wedding day Secretary-of- 
War Stanton presented the wife with his commission as full 
major-general. At the close of the war he gave up army life and 

Maria Nott 

Wife of Bishop Alonzo Potter 

Hon. Clarkson N. Potter 

From a pliotograph 

potter 57 

became interested in railway corporations. According to General 
Hancock, General Potter was one of the twelve best officers in the 
American Army. 

Edward Tuckerman [1831], architect and musician, was grad- 
uated from Union (i8si), and devoted his life to Edward 
study, architecture, and music. He was as well known Tuckerman, 
in Europe, where he resided for a long time, as in his 
native country. 

For forty years he made a special study of the problem of 
housing the masses, during which time he personally investigated 
every type of model tenement in the great cities of the world and 
compiled an immense mass of valuable facts bearing upon every 
phase of the subject. He embodied these studies in a model 
tenement, which was exhibited at the Columbian Exposition in 
Chicago in 1893, for which he received a medal from the Exposi- 
tion authorities, and which has been widely approved by stu- 
dents of the tenement-house question. In 1897, he was made 
an honorary member of the New York Chapter of the Amer- 
ican Institute of Architects. The position of Supervising Archi- 
tect of the Treasury Department was offered to him by President 
Grant, and, on his declining it, was given to his brother, William 

The Right Rev. Henry Codman [1835], Bishop of the Pro- 
testant Episcopal Church of New York, was a worthy successor 
of both his distinguished father and uncle. He was Bishop 

educated at the Episcopal Academy, Philadelphia, and Henry c. 
the Virginia Theological Seminary, where he was graduated in 
1857. He served with marked success at Greensburg, Pa., St. 
John's, Troy, and Trinity, Boston. In 1868, he became rector ot 
Grace Church, New York, where he remained sixteen years. 
During this time, he declined the Presidency of Kenyon College 
(1863), and the Bishopric of Iowa (1875). In 1883, he was elected 
Assistant Bishop to his uncle, the Right Rev. Horatio. Four 
years later, on the death of the latter, he became his successor. 

His policy has been that which has marked the great divines 
of his race— that of a patriot upon all national matters, a civic 

58 potter 

leader upon municipal questions, a tireless advocate of educational 
reform and progress, and a resolute worker in philanthropic enter- 
prises. During a life of the hardest kind of work, he has found 
time to publish several books of literary excellence and general 
value. His most notable work of recent years has been his states- 
manlike effort to harmonize the interests of labor and capital, and 
to Christianize the "Submerged Tenth," in both of which cases 
his endeavors have met with gratifying success. 

The Rev. Eliphalet Nott [1837] was a graduate of Union Col- 
lege (1861), and of Berkeley Divinity School (1852). in 1866, he 
President was made professor of ethics at Lehigh University, and 
Eliphalet N. j,-, ,§y, President of Union College, and afterwards 
President when the college was made into a university, in 1884, 
he declined the Bishopric of Nebraska to accept the Presidency of 
Hobart College. He died on February 16, 1901. 

Professor William Bleecker [1846] was one of the great 
educators of the country. He was graduated from Columbia 
Professor with high honors in 1866, and thereupon entered the 
William B. celebrated School of Mines of that university, where he 
took the degree of E.M. in 1869. For two years he was assist- 
ant professor of geology, and at the same time served as a geol- 
ogist upon the State Geological Survey of Ohio, in 1871, he 
became professor of mining engineering and metallurgy at Wash- 
ington University, St. Louis, Mo. No one stands higher among 
the scientific experts of the land, nor enjoys a greater esteem 
among the learned societies of this country and Europe, in 
1888, he was made President of the American Institute of Mining 

It would be difficult to surpass the record of the Potter family 
so far as intellectuality and mental achievements are concerned. 
It is difficult, indeed, to equal it. The record of the main branch 
is longer and marked by a greater number of distinguished men, 
but it may be questioned whether, in general, they have attained 
the high levels of their New York kinsmen. They have achieved 
fame in the pulpit as orators, and in the cathedral chair as execu- 
tives and organizers. In science, pedagogy, architecture, music, 

Ipotter 59 

literature, and at the bar, they have won enviable reputations for 
that high ability which borders upon genius. 

In national and civic affairs they have been marked by patriot- 
ism, humanity, and philanthropy, and in private life they have 
been characterized by a culture, refinement, and grace which have 
made them leaders of society for a hundred years. 




Jacob Rapalje 

From a steel engraving 




^ELIGIOUS forces are potent factors in 
the breaking up of old and in the 
establishment of new communities. 
The wars between the Romanists 
and Huguenots of France are an in- 
teresting exemplification of this fact, 
especially to an American student. 
The revocation of the Edict of Nantes 
drove tens of thousands of the Re- 
formed faith into more liberal coun- 
tries, and of these a considerable 
portion crossed the Atlantic and set- 
tled in the Dutch colonies of America, where they soon became a 
large and influential element in the community. 

Among the first settlers in the New Netherlands, was Joris 
Janes de Rapalie, a noble Huguenot of La Rochelle, France, better 
known under the Dutch form of his name, Jan Joris janjoris, 
Rapaelje. His family had been distinguished in the Founder 
history of Brittany from the middle of the eleventh century. In 
this romantic province they owned large estates, and were famous 
for their valor and patriotism. Many of them took part in the 
Crusades, while others achieved distinction in the French wars at 
home and abroad. They were among the first converts to the 
Reformed faith, and paid the usual penalty for their non-con- 
formity. Some were killed, while the majority were forced to 

flee to Switzerland, Belgium, and Holland. 


64 IRapalJe 

Joris was among those who escaped to Holland, Here he 
remained a short time, and then, with a company of venturous 
men and women, he took passage in the ship Unity of the Dutch 
West India Company, and arrived in New Amsterdam in 1623, 
being one of the earliest settlers. He stayed a short while at New 
Amsterdam, and then went to Fort Orange, now Albany. Here 
he remained three years, and returned to New Amsterdam, where 
he lived until 1637. '" June of that year he bought a large tract 
of land from the Indians on the Long Island side of the East 
River, and there made his permanent home. The tract was of 
335 acres, and included a large part of what was called the Walla- 
bout. He was a man of high integrity, and a few years after his 
arrival in Brooklyn he was made a magistrate. He married Cata- 
lina Trico, daughter of Joris Trico of Paris, by whom he had 
eleven children: Sarah [1625], Marritje [1627], Jannetje [1629], 
Judith [1635], Jan [1637], Jacob [1639,] Catalyntje [1641], Jeroni- 
mus [1643], Annetje [1646], Elizabeth [1648], and Daniel [1650]. 

Of these Sarah, the eldest, was the first female child born in 
the New Netherlands. In honor of this fact, the authorities pre- 
sarah, the scntcd her with a tract of land on the Wallabout ad- 
First Girl jaceut to her father's farm. Sarah was a woman of 
great talent and physical vigor, and during her long life was the 
acknowledged social head of Brooklyn. She was twice married, 
her husbands being Hans Hansen Bergen and Tunis Gysbert 
Bogaert. By these unions she had fourteen children, becoming 
thereby the maternal ancestress of the Bergen and Bogart families 
of Long Island. 

Jeronimus, in the second generation, was a man of promi- 
nence in both New York and Brooklyn. He was a farmer and 
merchant. Justice of the Peace, and a deacon of the 


Brooklyn Church. He owned several small craft, 
with which he supplied the market of New York with produce, 
and turned an honest penny by carrying freight for his neighbors. 
He accumulated considerable property, and left his children well 
provided for. His wife was Anna, daughter of Tunis Denys, by 
whom he had six sons and three daughters. 

IRapalie 65 

Daniel, the youngest child of Joris, was a man of high char- 
acter and of a strong religious nature. He took comparatively little 
interest in public affairs, but devoted his time and oaniei 

wealth to church work. He was an elder of the the Devout 
Brooklyn Church the larger part of his life, and made it a point of 
duty to visit regularly all the places of worship belonging to his 
denomination. The church records of that period speak of him 
in very high terms, and ascribe the prosperity of his denomination 
largely to his generous aid. He married Sarah Klock, daughter 
of Abraham Klock, by whom he had six children. 

In the third generation were several male members of ability 
and influence. Tunis [1671], son of Jeronimus, was active and 
versatile, having been a farmer, stock-raiser, merchant, Tunis 

and sheep-owner. He was an enthusiastic churchman, ^^^ Deacon 
and served as deacon of the Brooklyn Church for many years. 
He married Sarah Van Vechten, by whom he had seven children. 

Jacob [1679], son of Jeronimus, married Sarah Brinckerhoff, 
daughter of Abraham Brinckerhoff, by whom he had a large 
family. He settled in Raritan, N. J., where he founded the New 
Jersey branch of his race. 

Cornelius [1690] married Joanna Antonides, daughter of the 
Rev. Vincentius Antonides, by whom he had many daughters, 
nearly all of whom grew up and married advantageously. He 
resided in New York, and from his branch came the Rapaljes who 
married into the New York families of that period. 

Jeronimus [1682] was a prosperous land-owner, shipper, and 
merchant, who was active in religious and philanthropic affairs, 
and who served twenty-five years as a trustee of the jeronimus, 
town of Brooklyn. He took delight in good roads and Town-trustee 
bridges, and was marked by great fidelity to his trusteeship. He 
married Hilletie Van Vechten, daughter of Hendrick Van Vechten, 
by whom he had five children. 

Daniel, son of Daniel [1691], settled in Newtown, where he 
established the Queens County branch of the family. He married 
Aletie Cornell, daughter of Johannes Cornell, by whom he had 
ten children. He was a prosperous farmer, and founded an estate 

VOL. II. -5. 

66 TRapalje 

which grew to large proportions, under the management of his 

In the fourth generation, the male descendants began to 
change from agricultural to mercantile pursuits. In the meantime, 
the growth of Brooklyn and New York had enhanced the value 
of farm property and of garden produce, so that nearly all the 
sons were quite well to do. George, son of Tunis, bought 
property in Bedford, which was then developing into a very 
prosperous village. He improved it, so that its value almost 
doubled during his lifetime. He married Elizabeth Remsen, 
daughter of Joris Remsen, by whom he had five children — 
Sarah [1722], George [1724], Tunis [1726], Rem [1728], and 
Phoebe [1731]. 

Jeronimus and his brother Derrick (sons of Jeronimus) fol- 
lowed their uncle Jacob and migrated to New Jersey, settling 
first at Raritan and afterwards at Brunswick. Each married, the 
former having two sons, Cornelius and Tunis, and the latter, 
George and Jeronimus. 

Daniel, son of Daniel, was the thriftiest member of the family. 
He was very successful in business, and eight years after his father 
died bought the paternal estate at Newtown. He man- 
s^ *°'^ 2ged it with prudence and amassed great wealth. He 
was a magistrate of the town, and held many positions of honor 
and trust in the ecclesiastical, commercial, legal, and social 

About this time the conflict of English and Dutch spelling 
brought about a curious change of the name. Heretofore it had 
been spelled Rapalie; now, on account of slurs cast upon the 
Dutch Knickerbockers, the family adopted the Holland spelling. 
They could not agree, however, upon the form, and no less than 
three versions appeared. The largest number accepted Rapalje, 
while two other groups employed Rapaelje and Rapelje respect- 
ively. The French particle of place, "de," was now omitted 

Folkert [1719], son of Tunis, resided at Cripplebush, and 
devoted himself to horticulture. He married Matilda Polhemus, 


The Rapalje Family Bible, in Possession of Henry 
S. Rapalje, Esq. 

Title-page of the Rapalje Family Bible and Page Showing Family Records 

TRapalje 67 

daughter of Cornelius Polhemus, by whom he had one son and 
three daughters. 

In the fifth generation, Major Daniel [1748], son of Johannes 
and grandson of Daniel, was a brave Revolutionary soldier. 
Upon the breaking out of the war he took up arms, 
served as lieutenant during the conflict, and reached ^^°^ 
the rank of major at its close. The British holding the western 
end of Long Island, he was compelled to fly the country, and did 
not see his home until after the British troops had evacuated New 
York. He married Agnes Bergen, daughter of Johannes Bergen, 
and had a large farm at "New Lots. His children were John, 
Daniel, Samuel, and Michael. 

From this branch are descended several men of distinction. 
His grandson, Williamson, was a skilful portrait painter and a pros- 
perous man of affairs. His great-grandson, Daniel wiiuamson, 
[1836], was educated at Rutgers, and after graduation ^'^^^*- 

entered the theological department and took orders. As soon as 
he was ordained he offered his services to the Foreign Danieithe 
Missionary Society, which sent him to the Amoy Mis- Evangelist 
sion, in China, of the Reformed Church in America. Here he 
labored for over thirty years, building up a large and faithful con- 
gregation of Chinese converts. The work accomplished by Dr. 
Rapalje and his heroic assistants borders on the marvellous. 
When he went there in the early sixties, the place was the most 
notoriously evil on the China coast. Superstition was rife, and 
the Tong-An district, just back of the city of Amoy, had supplied 
pirates to the China Sea from time immemorial. 

The good doctor determined upon invading the latter field. 
He organized all the missionaries of the district into a compact 
whole and assigned to each a specific duty. He established 
preaching centres throughout the large territory and placed sev- 
eral at the more important points among the rough populace of 
Tong-An. For many years the task seemed fruitless, and then it 
began to bring forth a harvest. Chapels, schools, and, finally, 
churches, were founded. In 1890, the turbulent district had be- 
come quiet and orderly, and the evangelists found themselves 

68 TRapalje 

supported by fifty native exhorters of ability and courage. Then 
began the foundations of a college on the Island of Kulang-Su, 
and, in 1895, several hundred children attended the schools of Dr. 
Daniel and his associates. 

Rem [1728], the son of George, took up mercantile life in New 
York, which he made his residence. Here he amassed a hand- 
some fortune, and fmaily retired from business and settled in Pel- 
ham. He married Ellen Hardenbrook, by whom he had issue. 
George His son George [1771] was graduated from Columbia 

the Scholar j,-, ^Jg^^ ^j^^j admitted to the bar in 1794. He had a 
large practice, but tlnally confined his work to the management 
of his estate, especially after 1805, when his father died, leaving 
him a fortune. He was a man of strong literary tastes, and de- 
voted his leisure to travel and study. He published many mono- 
graphs upon special topics, and, in 1834, a volume upon his travels. 
He married Susan Eliza Provost, daughter of Bishop Provost. 

George B., grandson of George, who was a grandson of Joris, 
was a famous character in his time, and was noted for his strange 
ill-luck. His grandfather, George, was drowned in New York 
Bay in 1781, his cousin George in 1795, and his uncle George, in 
1799, met a similar fate. This singular coincidence of a, his 
son, and grandson, each bearing the same name and meeting the 
same doom, attracted great attention. George B. was a talented 
business man and prospered from the first. In his youth he fell 
in love with a very beautiful girl named Miss Sherred, and became 
affianced to her. A month before the wedding-day she fell sick, 
and died on the very night she was to have been married. From 
that time on the young merchant was a changed man. He gave 
up all society, especially that of women, and found his solace in 
the excitement of trade. He lived amid the humblest surround- 
ings in order to accumulate wealth, and invested his gains with 
great shrewdness. Before his death he owned numerous houses 
and lands between Thirtieth and Fortieth Streets, Eighth and 
Eleventh Avenues. His cousin, George Bernard [1784], was a 
merchant of high standing and wealth in the first half of the 
nineteenth century. 





c „ 

CO " 

-4— ' 


IRapalJc 69 

In the sixth generation, George, the son of Daniel, grandson 
of John, was distinguished as a merchant and philanthropist. He 
was a moving spirit in the charities and church organ- George the 
izations of the early part of the nineteenth century. Philanthropist 
He married Sarah Elizabeth Staples, by whom he had : Ellen 
Maria, George Augustus— who was educated for the Protestant 
Episcopal Church, but died before he was ordained,— Sarah Eliza- 
beth, and Henry Staples, architect, who is the head of the present 
branch of the family in New York. 

In the seventh generation, Jacob [1788] commands attention. 
He began his business life as a clerk in New York, where his 
energy and courtesy soon made him liked by his em- Lieutenant 
ployers. Attheoutbreakofthe War of 1812, he enlisted J^"'' 

and became a lieutenant of artillery. He made a good record as 
a soldier, and the regimental order-books which he wrote are still 
in existence and bear testimony to his administrative ability. At 
the close of the war he started business in Charleston, S. C, 
where, in 18 16, he was appointed Deputy Secretary of State. In 
1825, he returned to Brooklyn, where he soon became a leader in 
the City Council. 

He labored for the widening and improving of Atlantic Avenue, 
and advocated the present South Ferry. In 1837, he invented a 
machine with which he proposed to clean the streets of New 
York. His invention was far ahead of the age. It did the work 
well, but it aroused the fierce enmity of the street sweepers of the 
time, who formed a mob, chased the inventor a mile, and destroyed 
the machine. It was fully twenty years before his idea was taken 
up and made a part of the street-cleaning equipment. In the 
forties, with Cornelius J. Bergen and Alexander Bergen, he started 
a movement which resulted in the laying out of Carroll Park and 
the reclamation of the marsh lands in South Brooklyn. 

This measure changed what before had been an unhealthful 
territory into a fashionable neighborhood and paved the way for 
the Erie Basin and the great manufacturing establishments which 
now are so striking a characteristic of that part of the bor- 
ough. He developed the district of Newtown known as Laurel 

70 IRapalJe 

Hill, and gave it its poetic name. With J. S. T. Stranahan he 
was one of the first to advocate the establishment of Prospect 
Park, and lived to see the first steps taken towards the realization 
of that project. He married Elizabeth Van Mater, by whom he 
had seven children. Of his sons, the eldest, Gilbert Van Mater, 
became a prominent citizen of Staatsburgh, Dutchess County, and 
the youngest, Augustus, remained in New York and Brooklyn. 

More than thirty of the family have been prominent mer- 
chants in the metropolis, and during the Civil War over eighty 
espoused the cause of the Union. The Rapaljes are notable for 
the vigor of their members, the large size of their families, and 
the preponderance of male over female issue, in this respect they 
tower over the other old families of the State with but one excep- 
tion, the Schencks. The strength and health of the race is 
accompanied or manifested by lightheartedness and geniality. 
This is modified by a strong religious nature, which expresses 
itself in enthusiastic church work. More than one hundred and 
fifty Rapaljes have been deacons, vestrymen, and trustees in the 
churches of the Greater New York. In the beginning, they were 
stalwart pioneers, and assisted in the settlement of at least fifty 
towns in New York and New jersey. In their next stage, they 
were skilful farmers, graziers, and carriers. In the third, they were 
able merchants, owners of real estate, clergymen, and professional 
men. In peace, they have always striven for local improvements 
and municipal reform, and in war, they have been active supporters 
of the nation. They have cared little for office or title, finding 
their chief joy in the performance of their duty — domestic, social, 
and civil. 

George Rapalje 

From a photograph in possession of Henry S. Rapalje, Esq. 





Vanderbeeck, meaning "of the Brook." The family belonged 
to the nobility of Germany and of the Netherlands at a very early 
period. The first reference to them in the ancient chronicles 
was in 1162 a.d., when the Emperor Frederick Barbarossa pre- 
sented a valorous knight of their race with a handsome coat-of- 
arms. From that time up to the present century their name has 
been frequent in the annals of both Germany and Holland, 
where they earned honor by courage in war and public services 
in peace. 

The founder of the race in America was Rem Jansen Vander- 
beeck, who came to the New Netherlands in 1642. He was a 
„ , farmer, and in addition a skilful blacksmith. At that 

Rem Jansen ' 

Vanderbeeck time the young men of Holland were obliged by law 
the Founder ^^^ custom to leam a regular trade in addition to their 
ordinary calling. This was dohe for the protection of the com- 
munity in the event of inundation by the sea or of beleaguerment 
by a foreign army. Soon after Rem's arrival he espoused Jannetje, 
the handsome daughter of joris Jansen de Rapalje, and settled in 
Albany, then Fort Orange. He took up a farm, opened a forge, 
and prospered in both callings. He was a man of powerful 
physique and sweet disposition, a good-natured, laughing giant, 
who won the affections of young and old. A kind husband and 
a loving father, he soon had ample opportunity for the use of both 
virtues, having a family of which fifteen grew up and married. 

He accumulated property and would doubtless have remained 
in his first home but for the rumors of an Indian uprising. He 
had no fear for himself, but much solicitude for his little ones. 
At the same time, his father-in-law, Joris, bought a large estate at 
the Wallabout, and added his persuasion to the other incentives 
for removal. Rem complied and took up a fine tract of meadow 
and marshland at the Wallabout, which was held by the family 
more than two hundred years. In Brooklyn he was as popular 
as at Fort Orange. Shortly after his arrival, he was made an 
official, and during the second Dutch administration he became a 
magistrate. Of his fair wife a family tradition says that in her 
babyhood she with her Indian nurse sailed across Buttermilk 

IRemsen 75 

Channel in a Dutch washtub. That body of water between 
Governor's Island and Brooklyn, which now floats an ocean 
steamer, was then a shallow estuary, which at very low tide 
could be waded across by a grown man. 

Rem died in 168 1, and at his funeral his fifteen children with 
their wives, husbands, and children were present. It was a seven- 
days' talk in New York, and made so deep an impression upon 
the public mind that it is probable both his offspring and the 
public considered the dead man as a greater personality than the 
race of which he was a member, and so induced the adoption of 
Remsen as a family name from that time on. The sons were Jan, 
Joris, Rem, Jacob, Jeromus, Daniel, Abraham, Isaac, and Jeremias. 
Of the daughters, Anna married Jan G. Dorlandt, Hildegond mar- 
ried Aris j. Vanderbilt, Femmetie, Joseph Hegeman, Jannetje, 
Garret H. Van Nostrand, Catalina, Elbert Adriense, and Sarah, 
Martin Adriense. 

The members of the second generation left the paternal home- 
stead and established themselves at various points. Jan [1648] 
became a resident at Flatbush, as did his brother .^^^^ 

Daniel. Joris settled in Brooklyn, near the ferry. Isaac Fiatbush 
[1673] became a Brooklynite. Rem, Jr., went to Flat- Abraham 
bush. Jeremias retained the homestead, and Abraham "^Newtown 
settled in Newtown. No less than six of the sons left families 
which became the nuclei in the next generation of large and 
influential branches. 

In this third generation, Rem, the son of Jan, removed to 
Staten Island, where he became a wealthy farmer and justice of 
the peace. John and Isaac, the sons of Isaac, settled Rem 

at Oyster Bay, where they were the founders of a the justice 
powerful clan. Rem, the son of Rem, was a distinguished church- 
man in Brooklyn, whose chief interest in life was the education 
of his children. Besides the ordinary tuition of the schools, sup- 
plemented by instruction at home, he had each apprenticed to 
a trade. When the youths came of age he gave them each a por- 
tion of his estate so as to start them in life. The sons settled in 
New York, where they founded an important branch of the family. 

76 TRcmsen 

They were seven in number, and seemed to act always upon the 
rule of "all for one and one for all." 

Captain Jeromus [170',], the son of Abraham, was probably 
the most distinguished member of this generation. He was a 
Captain thrifty farmer, who saved enough money from his own 
Jeromus f^^j^ ^0 purchase the parental homestead from the other 
heirs and add it to his own estate. He was active in church and 
state, and held many offices of honor and dignity. He had a 
warlike vein in his composition, and from early manhood to old 
age was connected with the militia, in which he rose from private 
Rem the to captaiu. Rem, the son of Jeremias, was another 
Trustee forccful individuality. He removed from the old home- 
stead at the Wallabout to Bedford, where he took up a large 
farm. He soon became a leader in that settlement, and was 
chosen a trustee of Brooklyn, in which office he served from 1 727 
to 1776. His brother Christopher was a farmer and land-owner, 
who invested wisely in real estate at Fulton Ferry, the Walla- 
bout, and Newtown. He left a large fortune, which went to 
his two daughters, Heyltie, who married Johannes Schenck, and 
Phoebe, who married William Howard. 

In the fourth generation the sons of Rem were commanding 
figures. They were Abraham [1730], Garrett [1736], Aert [1737], 
Major and Luke [1749]. The four were fine specimens of 

Abraham Knickerbocker manhood. Their education had been 
excellent, and had included a thorough course in technical train- 
Lieutenant ing. In the decade prior to the Revolution they were 
Garrett ^^ outspokeu iu favor of colonial independence that 

they were frequently threatened with prosecution for treason. 
Even before the outbreak of hostilities they had supplied them- 
selves with a full military equipment, and Aert and Luke, who 
were machinists and wheelwrights by trade, started the repair of 
firearms for patriotic neighbors and friends. 

The beginning of the war found them ready and eager for 
Luke the ord- actiou. Abraham and Garrett wcut to the frout, whcre 
nance-Master ^]-,gy ployed superb soldiers, the former rising to be 
a major, and the latter to be a lieutenant. Luke and Aert, on ac- 

The Remsen Farm House 

From :i print in Kj/i-"//»(''\ iSs8 

Bedford Corners in 1770 

From an oM piint 

TRemsen -n 

count of their technical knowledge, were made masters of ord- 
nance, their skill proving invaluable to the colonists. With the 
British victories on Long Island, the four brothers retreated, first 
destroying everything in their homes, likely to be of value to the 
foe, which they could not carry away. During the remainder of 
the war the two soldiers were at the front, while the two ma- 
chinists were high in command in the Continental workshops at 
Peekskill. Of Aert and his wonderful strength many Aert 

stories are told. On one occasion, when a speculator the strong 
tried to palm off an inferior rifle upon the Government, the big 
Long Islander, remarking, " Wc don't want this kind of steel," 
took the weapon and bent it to a right angle with his hands and 
knee. At the conclusion of peace, the valiant quartet returned to 
their home on the paternal farm, and there passed the remainder 
of their days. 

No less than ten members of this generation were eminent 
merchants in New York. All accumulated goodly estates, and 
one, Hendrick [1708], became a man of great wealth. Hendrickthe 
Through their opulence, education, numbers, and high Merchant 
character, they were prominent in New York society, where they 
contracted many admirable matrimonial alliances. In the main, 
they married into the old Knickerbocker families, more especially 
those of Dutch and Huguenot descent. 

In the fifth generation the most noticeable figure was Hen- 
drick, or Henry, the merchant [1736]. He inherited his father's 
business, as well as a handsome fortune, and from the Henry 

time he reached manhood's estate he played an active ^""^ Patriot 
role in commercial, religious, political, and social affairs. His 
strong love of liberty and his intense enthusiasm gained for him 
the sobriquet of " Henry the Whig" before the Revolution, and 
' ' Henry the Patriot " afterwards. He was a member of the famous 
Committee of One Hundred, and was chairman of the importers 
of New York, especially those whose trade was with Great 
Britain. They met, October 13, 1774, and at his suggestion 
formed the first boycott known in American history. This was 
aimed at speculators, more especially unscrupulous adventurers 

78 IRemscn 

from Great Britain, who were taking advantage of the troublous 
times to make corners in the necessaries of life. 

The chief personality of the sixth generation was Henry [1762], 
son of Henry the Whig. He was tlnely educated and began active 
Henry li^ ^s a clerk in his father's counting-house. He left 

the Banker ^j^g ^q^\^ iq become private secretary to the Hon. John 
Jay, when the latter was Secretary for Foreign Affairs. In 1790, he 
returned to business life, and became his father's partner. Five 
years later he gave up private business to become first teller of the 
United States Branch Bank. From this time on his life was de- 
voted to financial institutions, for which he displayed an aptitude 
bordering upon genius. The only interruption to this career was 
when, at the earnest solicitation of the President, he became 
private secretary to Thomas Jefferson. He married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Captain Abraham R. de Peyster, by whom he had 
nine children. 

This generation was marked by wealth and culture. More 
than fifty members possessed great estates; some twenty were 
college graduates who attained distinction in law, medicine, and 
the political arena. The largest number belonged to New York 
City; next in importance were those of Brooklyn, while smaller 
groups were scattered in Staten Island, Pennsylvania, and other 

In the seventh generation were eminent scholars and capital- 
ists. William [ 1 8 1 5], son of Henry, was graduated from Princeton 
William the 1836, and admitted to the New York bar in 1839. He 
Financier relinquished practice to attend to the large estates left 
by his father and grandfather. He was deeply interested in banks 
and financial corporations, and left a large estate. He married 
Jane Suydam, by whom he had eight children. Among the 
organizations to which he belonged were the St. Nicholas Society 
and the American Geographical Society, of both of which he was 
a founder. Robert G., brother of William, was an active man in 
the financial world during the middle of the nineteenth century. 
He married Mary Delprat, by whom he had Georgiana Delprat, 
who married Charles Betts Hillhouse. 

IRemsen 79 

In the eighth generation have been many professional men of 
high repute. Dr. Charles, the son of William, was a physician, and 
an executor of his father's estate. He was graduated 

Dr. Charles 

from Princeton (1877). He married Lilian Livingston 

Jones, by whom he had issue. He is represented in the ninth 

generation by his son William. He has an estate at Remsensburg. 

Dr. Robert George was graduated from the New York 
University (1873), and from the College of Physicians and Sur- 
geons, Columbia (1876). Henry [1852] was graduated Doctor 
from Columbia (1871). Phoenix was graduated from Roberto. 
Columbia (1867), and resided on the family estate at West Islip, 
"N. Y. Jacob D. [1855] was educated at Erasmus Hall jacobo. the 
and the Brooklyn Polytechnic. He early displayed Assemblyman 
talent for political life, and began his career as a justice of the 
peace. On the annexation of Flatlands to Brooklyn, he became 
a city assessor, and remained such until the consolidation of the 
boroughs into the greater city. In 1899, he was elected to the 
State Assembly, and re-elected in 1900 and 1901. 

An eminent living representative of the race is Dr. Ira [1846], 
now President of Johns Hopkins University. He was born in 
New York City, studied at the City College, and was 

-^' J !=> y President Ira 

graduated from the College of Physicians and Surgeons 
(1867). He went abroad to continue his scientific studies, spent 
a year in Munich, and then took a course in Goettingen, where 
he took the degree of Ph.D. (1870). For the next two years he 
served as assistant professor in the University of Tuebingen, Ger- 
many, and at the expiration of that time accepted the professor- 
ship of chemistry and physics at Williams College. Here he 
achieved fame by his brilliant researches in higher inorganic and 
synthetic chemistry. In 1876, his rising fame attracted the atten- 
tion of the founders of Johns Hopkins University, who invited 
him to take the chair of chemistry in that institution. He ac- 
cepted the offer, and from that time until to-day has devoted 
himself to researches in chemical and electrical fields, in which he 
has become one of the greatest experts of the world. In 1879, 
he founded the American Chemical Journal, of which he has 

8o TRemsen 

been the editor, and to which he has largely contributed ever 
since. He has written and translated many standard works upon 
chemistry, while numerous monographs have become classics 
in the literature of that science. Upon the resignation of Dr. 
Oilman from the Presidency of Johns Hopkins University, he was 
elected to that post. In 1893, Columbia University conferred 
upon him the honorary degree of LLD., and Yale chose him for 
similar distinction at her bicentennial. He is a member of numer- 
ous chemical and scientific societies at home and abroad, and may 
be justly regarded as one of the finest scientific intellects this 
country has yet produced. 

The history of the Remsens has followed a different line of 
development from that of any other Knickerbocker family. Like 
most of the early immigrants from the Netherlands, they were 
dowered with great intelligence, religiousness, and probity, and 
were distinguished for physical health and vigor. They took to 
husbandry and the manual trades, succeeding in both and dis- 
playing industrial and mechanical aptitude of a high character. 
Not until the closing of the eighteenth century was there any 
break from this mode of life. Then, as if they were no longer 
satisfied with their ancestral occupations, and the wealth which 
these had produced, they turned from the plough to the counting- 
house, the college, and the political forum. During the nine- 
teenth century these tendencies developed, until to-day the family 
name is more or less identified with scientific, collegiate, and 
political affairs. 



Fro/t'ssor Jjines Rciiwick 

From iiit oi! pai>itiiig ozciieJ hy Mrs. James Renwick 



O Scotland the Empire State owes 
some of its best blood. The thrift 
and intellectuality which so mark 
the Scotch character found full field 
for their development in the New 
World, and achieved triumphs which 
would have been impossible in the 
home country, for lack of opportu- 
nity. Beyond the substantial virtues 
of the Caledonian nature are moral 
and spiritual traits of even greater 
value. From time immemorial the 
people of the Land-o'-Cakes, to use Burns's pet phrase, have 
been noted for their affection, loyalty, fidelity to duty, and strong 
religious convictions. These qualities were developed by the 
stern and rigorous life demanded by the necessities of the country. 
in an inclement and sterile land Nature compels the citizens to 
lead simple, laborious, and upright lives. There is no other 
alternative. Any other course of living implies pauperism and 

The qualities enumerated mark the history of the Renwick 
family, which has attained distinction in the land of its birth and 
that of its adoption. In the former they were soldiers, jamesthe 
lawyers, merchants, and divines. One of them, James Martyr 

Renwick, the martyr, a famous soldier and clergyman of the 


84 IRenwicU 

seventeenth century, was put to death for his religious and 
political opinions. He met his fate with a serenity which im- 
pressed deeply the spectators of his execution. 

The founder of the family in the United States was James 
[1744], who came to New York from Manchester, England, in 
James the i?^)' shortly after the American Revolution. He was 
Founder ^u eutcrprising and long-headed merchant, who was 
well known in the mercantile world of the eighteenth century. 
A good father and a kind husband, he was also a public-spirited 
and philanthropic citizen. In 1789, we find him, with a group 
of friends, organizing The Mercantile Society for Employing the 
Industrious Poor and Promoting Manufacturing. His generosity 
was noted, especially to church and charitable work. 

Of his two children, William [1769] was an able merchant, 
who established a direct traffic between Liverpool and New York. 
William the ^^ that time Liverpool was a place of but little impor- 
Merchant tauce, aud the venture was regarded as a wild specu- 
lation. It proved a success and gave renown to its author. So 
far as history is concerned, he is not so commanding a figure as his 
beautiful wife. She was Jean Jeffrey, daughter of the Rev. Andrew 
JelTrey, of the Manse, Lochmaben. Her beauty and talents made 
her a belle when a mere child, and attracted the admiration of the 
noet, Burn.', who immortalized her in three of his finest poems. 
The union of James and Jean was very happy, and was blessed 
with six children, three sons and three daughters, of whom five 
were to become important members of New York life. 

In the third generation. Professor James [1792] was born in 
Liverpool, while his parents were on a visit to the old country. 
Professor He was of studious habits, and entered Columbia Col- 
james jggg ^^ |^}-,g g^Hy agc of eleveu, being then on a par 

with most boys of fifteen. He was graduated in 1807, being the 
first in his class, which contained such brilliant men as Judge 
Bronk, Dr. Burrell, the Rev. John H. Hill, and James Van Cort- 
landt. The following year he received the degree of A.M., and in 
181 3, at the age of twenty-one, was appointed instructor in natural 
and experimental philosophy. In 1820, he was made professor of 

IRenwtcl? ' 85 

natural and experimental philosophy and chemistry. He held this 
double chair with rare ability for thirty-three years, when he was 
made professor emeritus. He served as trustee of the college 
from 1817 to 1820. During the topographical survey of the United 
States, there was a large demand for scientists, and, at the request 
of the authorities at Washington, he entered the service as an en- 
gineer, with the rank of major, and devoted his summers to the 
prosecution of Government work. This occupied him for many 

in 1838, he was appointed a Commissioner for the exploration 
and delimitation of the northeast boundary between the United 
States and New Brunswick. In 1829, Columbia conferred upon 
him the degree of LLD. For an ordinary man these labors 
would have been ample, but to the Professor they were stimu- 
lants to further endeavor. He seemed to begrudge all time that 
was not applied to intellectual work. He conducted chemical 
and physical experiments, translated works from the French, 
edited English text-books on science, compiled reports, composed 
biographies, text-books, and compendia; contributed to the press 
of the period, and frequently acted as editor. In the list of his 
literary labors appear two volumes of his translations, four of his 
editing, and fourteen of his own authorship, not to mention re- 
ports, commentaries, and fugitive articles. His was the first text- 
book on natural philosophy or physics ever published in the 
United States, and also the first hand-book on geology. 

He was among the first to perceive the great historical im- 
portance of the founders of the Republic, and urged upon the 
writers of his time the duty of recording the events and the in- 
dividuals of the latter part of the eighteenth century, and not 
leaving them for time to cover with myth, exaggeration, and 
distortion. It was in pursuance of this theory that he wrote the 
lives of David Rittenhouse, Robert Fulton, Count Rumford, De 
Witt Clinton, and (with Henry B. Renwick, his oldest son) of 
John Jay and Alexander Hamilton. Outside of his fame as a 
pedagogue, a scholar, and scientist, he would have enjoyed 
celebrity from his contributions to American literature. He loved 

86 IRenwlck 

the great college with which he was connected, and left nothing 
undone to increase its influence and power. He entered there 
his three sons, all of whom were to make admirable records for 
themselves in after life; assisted poor students; secured donations 
from private citizens; endeavored to create closer ties between 
the institution and scientific branches of the national government, 
and advocated an enlarged curriculum in the sciences and modern 
languages. Looked at after the lapse of more than a half-century, 
he stands in the front rank of the wisest and most distinguished 
men of his age. He married Margaret Ann Brevoort, by whom 
he had three sons and one daughter. 

Robert Jeffrey, brother of the Professor, was graduated from 

Columbia (1809), and took up a mercantile career. He prospered 

and increased his prosperity by marrying Mary Hobart 

Robert J. 

Rhinelander, a belle and heiress. He was a leading 
participant in the social world and prominent in philanthropic 
activities. He had five children, three sons and two daughters. 
The three sisters of Professor James were society leaders, 
who married advantageously, as follows: Jane, Admiral Charles 
Wilkes; Isabella, Charles Smedburg; and Agnes, the Rev. James 

In the fourth generation four sons kept up the high records 
of their ancestry. Henry Brevoort [18 17], son of Professor James, 

was graduated from Columbia in 1833, and took up 


Brevoort, the profcssiou of civil engineering. He became an as- 
Engmeer sistant engineer in the United States service, where he 
continued six years, and was then promoted to be first assistant 
astronomer of the United States Boundary Commission in 1839- 
1842. In 1848, he was made Examiner in the Patent Office, with 
special reference to mechanical, chemical, and physical inventions. 
The life was too sedentary, and in 1853 he resigned to become 
Inspector of Steamboat Engines for the District of New York. He 
held this office some years, relinquishing it to become a con- 
sulting mechanical engineer, in which capacity he achieved great 
fame. In his spare hours he wrote extensively, more particularly 
upon scientific topics, and in his early manhood he was joint 

Grace Church, Broadway, N. Y. 

IRcnwich 87 

author with his father, as before mentioned. He married Mar- 
garet Janney, daughter of Jonathan Janney, by whom he had 
one daughter and one son. 

James, the architect [18 18], second son of Professor James, 
was graduated from Columbia (1836). This was a famous class 
in college history, having among its number John james, the 
Graham, the great lawyer, the Rev. John H. Hobart, Architect 
Hon. John Jay 11., the Rev. Henry McVicar, the Rev. D. M. 
Quackenbush, and the Rev. Charles Seymour. He inherited a 
love of architecture, of calculation, drawing, and engineering from 
his father. His career began as a surveyor and civil engineer 
on the Erie Railway. He went thence to the Croton Aqueduct, 
where he served as superintendent of construction of the dis- 
tributing reservoir on Fifth Avenue and Forty-second Street, 
which was lately demolished to make room for the New York 
Public Library. His next work was the making of the model for 
a fountain in Union Square. Shortly after this came his entree in 
the world of architecture. 

The vestry of Grace Church had purchased the land on 
Broadway, opposite Eleventh Street, and had called for plans 
from the architects of the time for a church, to be erected upon 
the site. James submitted designs which, when exhibited, re- 
ceived the highest praise from the press and the public, and were 
finally accepted by the vestry. The building, which is one of the 
finest Gothic structures in the country, was completed in 1845. 
This is one of the few famous churches in which all the work 
is to be credited to one man. His were the original and final 
plans, the working drawings, nearly all of the delicate tracery 
and ornamentation of the exterior, and the furniture and orna- 
mentation of the interior. It is one of the best specimens of the 
French fourteenth-century school of Gothic art upon the Western 
Continent. When it was finished it made its designer famous on 
both sides of the ocean. From this time James was a recognized 
authority upon church architecture in America, and was called 
upon to prepare plans for buildings, public and private. He was 
the architect of Calvary Church, on Fourth Avenue, New York, 

88 IRenwicft 

the Church of the Puritans, formerly on Union Square, New York, 
and of the Smithsonian histitution and the Corcoran Art Gallery 
at the national capital. The Smithsonian is a noble pile of brown- 
stone in modified Elizabethan style, which suggests the ancient 
halls of Oxford University. 

In 1853, he was commissioned by the Archbishop of New 
York to draw plans for St. Patrick's Cathedral, on Fifth Avenue, 
between Fiftieth and Fifty-first streets. The commission was 
the most important one in church construction which has ever 
been given in the history of the metropolis. James perceived 
the responsibility of the opportunity, and devoted himself to his 
task so tirelessly that he nearly broke down from overwork. 
The plans were finished, submitted, and accepted. When pub- 
lished, they elicited the highest praise from critics the world 
over. In 1858, the corner-stone was laid, and in 1879 the building 
was dedicated by Cardinal McCloskey. The structure is built of 
white marble, with a basement course of Quincy granite. It has 
magnificent twin towers on the west fafade, and a main door 
which is of remarkable beauty. The style is the decorated or 
geometric of the thirteenth century, of which the cathedral at 
Rheims is the best foreign example. In 1887, work was begun 
upon the spires which terminate the two towers, and these were 
finished a few years ago. To-day, St. Patrick's is undoubtedly 
the handsomest and most impressive Gothic church in the 
New World. 

Other buildings which illustrate the broad taste and versa- 
tility of James are St. Bartholomew's Church, Vassar College, 
the Church of the Covenant, in New York; St. Ann's in Brooklyn; 
the Young Men's Christian Association building, on Fourth 
Avenue and Twenty-third Street, New York; and a hundred 
other buildings of lesser importance. He may certainly be styled 
the first of the great American architects. He married Anna L. 
Aspinwall, daughter of William H. Aspinwall, the merchant, for 
whom is named the City of Aspinwall upon the Isthmus of 
Panama. There was no issue to the marriage. 

Edward Sabine [1823], third son of Professor James, was 


St. Patrick's Cathedral, Fifth Avenue 

IRcnwlcft 89 

graduated from Columbia (1839), which also conferred upon him 

the degree of A.M. Even before he went to college he displayed 

a rare talent for machinery, so that upon graduation Edward 

he but followed his bent in becoming the superintend- sabine, 

,,,.,, , T~> I /- Engineer 

ent of iron works in Wilkesbarre, Pa. In a few years 
he was recognized as an expert in civil, mechanical, and steam 
engineering and the many industries upon which these profes- 
sions are based. He invented a number of railway appliances 
of value, including a chair for holding together ends of rails, an 
improved frog, and an improved switch, in the world of steam 
navigation the credit may be ascribed to him for an efficient 
cut-off for steam engines, an improvement in the connection 
between the moving parts and the valve system, and an in- 
genious method of side propulsion for steamers and bulky craft. 

He shares with Cyrus Hall McCormick the honor of having 
created the self-binding reaper. Between 1870 and 1890, he gave 
careful study to the artificial hatching of poultry, and was the 
first to determine the condition under which this process could be 
applied. These studies were expressed in concrete form by 
many incubators, and afterwards by artificial brooders. Before he 
undertook the work artificial hatching had never been a profitable 
enterprise, but long before he finished his system it had become 
a source of handsome revenue to tens of thousands of farmers 
in this country and Canada. His careful analysis of the matter 
was an invaluable addition to practical poultry-raising. His re- 
searches enabled every farmer to form a clear conception of the mat- 
ter and to incubate and brood with home-made mechanisms. The 
system was applied to the eggs of chickens, ducks, geese, turkeys, 
pigeons, and other birds employed for food purposes. 

His greatest scientific feat was accomplished in 1862. The 
giant steamer Great Eastern had injured its bilge, a portion 
eighty-two feet long and ten feet wide having been broken. 
There was no dry dock large enough for the leviathan, and the 
size of the vessel made it impossible to beach or careen it suffi- 
ciently to reach the injured surface. With his brother, Henry 
Brevoort, he improvised an appliance upon the coffer-dam principle, 

90 IRcnwich 

which enabled the workmen to remove the damaged plates 
and backing and replace them with new materials. The task had 
been pronounced impossible by many of the chief authorities of 
the time, so that the exploit became a nine days' wonder to 
navigators, ship-builders, and naval men. 

He wrote a number of monographs upon various technical 
subjects connected with the industries in which he was inter- 
ested. His erudition and technical skill so impressed the com- 
munity that from the early fifties on he was in constant 
employment as an expert in patent suits and scientific inquiries 
by public and private bodies. He married Elizabeth Alice Bre- 
voort, daughter of Henry Brevoort, by whom he had two sons 
and one daughter. 

Laura, only daughter of Professor James, married John A. 

Of the children of Robert Jeffrey, William Rhinelander [1816], 

the oldest son, was graduated from Columbia (1833), and took 

up a mercantile career. He was prominent in social, 

William R. ... , ,. . , ,, ■ , r^,. ^ 

religious, and literary circles. He married Eliza S. 
Crosby, daughter of William Bedlow Crosby, by whom he had 
two sons and three daughters. Robert Jeffrey [1822] died un- 
married at the age of thirty-two. 

Frederick William, the third son, was twice married — first to 
Julia Kortright, by whom he had two sons, and, second, to Annie 

Jane Jeffrey [1819], the oldest daughter of Robert Jeffrey, 
married S. Stanhope Callender, by whom she had one child, 
Mary Renwick Callender. Mary Rhinelander [1825] married 
Benjamin L. Swan 11. 

The head of the fifth generation is James Armstrong, oldest 
son of Henry Brevoort. He was graduated from Columbia 
James (^^7^)> where he also obtained the degrees of A.M., 

Armstrong, and of LL.B., from the Columbia Law School in 1879. 
He is an active member of the New York bar. He 
married Viola Blodget, daughter of Charles F. Blodget, by whom 
he had one son, Henry. 

« 2 



■ — ' o 




























IRenwicft 91 

Meta Brevoort, only daughter of Henry Brevoort, married 
Robert Sedgwick, by whom she had two sons, Robert J. and 
Henry Renwick. 

Of the children of Edward Sabine, Edward Brevoort [1863], 
the oldest son, is an accomplished mechanical en- Edward b., 
gineer. He married Emily Dilworth Hicks. Engineer 

William Whetten [1864], second son of Edward Sabine, is 
an architect and a member of the firm of Renwick, Aspinwall & 
Owen, which was established by his uncle James 111., wniiamw., 
architect of St. Patrick's Cathedral. Elizabeth, only Architect 
daughter and youngest child of Edward Sabine, married Watson 
Condit Wittingham. 

Of the children of William Rhinelander, Philip Brevoort, the 
oldest son, married Ellen J. Wise, by whom he had one child, 
Eliza Crosby. She married A. Leland Brown, by whom she had 

William Crosby, second son of William Rhinelander, was 
twice married: first, to Harriet McDonell, by whom he had three 
children; and, second, to Gertrude Sears. Of the three 

William C. 

daughters of William Rhinelander, Emily Ashton mar- 
ried Edmund Abdy Hurry (November 17, 1868); Mary Crosby 
married, first, Henry Turnstall Strong, and, second, Dr. Frederick 
Tilden Brown. Helen Schuyler married Anselm Schaff. 

The children of Frederick William are Frederick William II. 
and S. Stanhope. The latter married Evelyn Smith, by whom he 
had Harold Stanhope and Claire Rhinelander. 

The name of Renwick has for a century been associated with 
creative intellectuality. It has been borne by philanthropists, 
merchants, professors, inventors, architects, engineers, and law- 
yers. It is identified with valuable inventions, standard literary 
works, magnificent buildings, and the proceedings of learned 
societies. If the value of achievement is to be measured by the 
creation of wealth through inventive energy and constructive 
skill, the family will rank high in the annals of the State. That 
man is said to be a public benefactor who makes two blades of 
grass grow where but one grew before. From this point of view 

92 •Renwicft 

the inventor is the most valuable member of society. The flov/er 
of his brain creates wealth, sometimes for himself, but always for 
the community at large; and it may be that he who makes 
wealth for others is higher in the scale of public utility than he 
who accumulates it for himself. A nation of inventors towers 
over a nation of plutocrats. The secret of American success has 
been its creative genius. This in turn has produced wealth and 
power, and from the smallest beginnings has raised the nation 
to a commanding place in the society of nations. In this class of 
forces are to be placed the mental activity and prowess of the 
Renwick race. 

Jean Jeffrey 

From a picture in file possession of Edniuiul Abdy Hiiny, Esq. 




Theodore Roosevelt 

From a photograph by Rockwood 


T is hard to lay down any definite stand- 
ard as to what constitutes a famous 
family. Sometimes the laurels are 
won by the achievements of a single 
individual, which is illustrated in the 
case of the Washingtons and Frank- 
lins. At the very opposite extreme 
are those families in which, genera- 
tion after generation, men of eminent 
ability appear, and play a large part in 
the national life. This is exemplified 
by the Adams family of Massachu- 
setts, the Lee family of Virginia, and the Roosevelt family of New 

In 1649, Claas Martenszen Van Roosevelt came to this coun- 
try. He was a shrewd, strong, and sterling Hollander, who trans- 
ferred to the New World the habits of thrift which had 
been developed by his race in the Old. He was suc- 
cessful in his undertakings, especially in that of matrimony, his 
wife being Jannetje Thomas, a young belle of the New Nether- 
lands, whose personal charms were rivalled by her skill in spin- 
ning, weaving, cooking, and housekeeping. The union was a 
happy one, and resulted in many children, all of whom seemed to 
inherit their parents' virtues— moral, mental, and physical. Small 

families, indeed, have been the rare exception with the Roosevelts. 



96 IRooscvelt 

Owing to this fact it has extended in every direction, and by 
marriage has become connected with nearly every other old 
family both in New York City and in New York State. 

The most prominent member of the second generation was 
Nicholas of Esopus, who married Hillotje Jans, sister of Anneke 
Jans of Trinity Church fame. In this generation the 
family began to add intellectual to agricultural talents. 
Nicholas was a student, and by all odds the most learned and 
most popular man in his district. He is referred to by the old 
records as a citizen of great influence and authority, and one who 
frequently served as an arbitrator between his stiff-necked and 
litigious neighbors. He was one of the first settlers to perceive 
the business aspect of the Indian question, and during his life was 
on the most friendly terms with the red men. He invited them 
regularly to his house, and invariably made them presents when 
they called. For many years to his neighbors this seemed ex- 
travagance, but their eyes were opened when they learned that 
in Indian etiquette whoso receives a present from a friend must 
give back one of greater value. The gala-colored ancient weapons 
which Nicholas presented to the warriors came back to him in 
furs, which brought ten times the value of his gifts in the markets 
of New Amsterdam. That he was very prosperous is shown by 
formal charges that were brought by gossipers against his wife 
Hillotje and her sister Anneke for wearing and showing luxurious 
petticoats. Nicholas took the part of the women, and after the 
proceedings were dismissed he authorized his dress-loving wife to 
purchase another large roll of beautiful cloth to increase still fur- 
ther her stock of brilliant skirts. 

Of the third generation, Johannes appears to have been the 

ablest. Early in the eighteenth century he married Hyltje Syverts, 

a belle and heiress. He was successful in farming and 


business ventures, and took what seemed to his friends 
a strange and extravagant delight in works of art. He is said to 
have been one of the first to import paintings, fine furniture, and 
artistic metal ware from the Netherlands. He did it on so gener- 
ous a scale that his home was viewed as a wonderland by his less 

TRoosevelt 97 

enterprising fellow-citizens, in this generation the family became 
allied with the Schuylers through the marriage of Sarah Van 
Roosevelt, a niece of Johannes, to Philip Schuyler. In the fourth 
generation were several sons, of whom Jacobus [1724] 


was the most notable. He married Annetje Bogaert, 
and had a large family. In Jacobus, the Dutch characteristics had 
changed so far that he may be regarded as an American in the 
modern sense of the word. He began to drop the Van from his 
name, and in other ways showed his Anglicization. He was a 
stout believer in freedom and home rule, and was looked upon as 
a Dutch malcontent by many of the British colonial officers. He 
was diplomatic and never permitted himself to do anything which 
could be construed into a violation of law. He attended to his 
commercial interests with great care and largely increased the for- 
tune which he had inherited. 

The fifth generation seems to have been the crucial point in 
the family history. Up to that time the various generations had 
contlned themselves to agriculture, trading, and the management 
of real estate. The race was now represented in its own names 
by at least tlfty families, which, as a whole, were more than pros- 
perous, capable, and prominent. The simple farmers of the first 
and second generations had become educated and cultured men 
so far as the opportunities of the time permitted. The Revolution 
seemed to stir up their blood and to bring into being the higher 
qualities which are represented by patriotism, executive power, 
and statesmanship, in this period the first to be 
noticed is Jacobus II., afterwards known as James I., 
his brother Nicholas, who invented the steamboat at 

r- 1 ^-111 Nicholas 

about the same time as Fulton; Captain John J., a 

brilliant and wildly reckless soldier; and Isaac, who afterwards 

became State Senator. There were others, who were 

brave soldiers and faithful representatives of the people, 

but the four enumerated stand head and shoulders ig^ac 

above the rest. Jacobus or James 1. is often mistaken 

for his son James 1. (11.), who was a member of Congress, a 

judge, and one of the great jurists of New York State. The elder 

98 IRoosevclt 

was a good soldier, a capable commissary, and an admirable 


"Nicholas was America's first great inventor. He had extraor- 
dinary versatility and an almost tireless energy. He was a skilful 
Nicholas mining engineer and metallurgist, as well as machinist, 
the Inventor aj-,(5 ^^33 the first to work coppcr on a large scale in the 
United States. As contractor and ship-builder, he was engaged 
by Congress to superintend the building of a new navy in the 
eighteenth century. He was a civil engineer, and carried through 
contracts for supplying the city of Philadelphia with water. In 
this busy period he found time to prosecute studies in the then 
unknown field of steam engineering, and reached the same con- 
clusions that Fulton did a few years afterwards. He submitted 
his researches in 1797 to Chancellor Livingston and to Colonel Ste- 
vens, who formed a partnership with him to build a boat on joint 
account. This was done, and in October, 1798, the new venture 
was tried. The engines worked perfectly, but the propelling gear, 
which had been designed by Livingston, proved a failure. Roose- 
velt was not, however, discouraged, but kept on until he had de- 
vised an efficient vertical paddle-wheel in place of the cumbrous 
contrivance of the Chancellor. The new design was tried upon the 
Ohio River, where it worked satisfactorily. In 1811, he built the 
first steamer to ply upon the Mississippi, so that he may be justly 
called the father of Mississippi navigation. "Nicholas married Miss 
Lydia M. Latrobe. Of his descendants, Samuel Montgomery 
is a member of the Chamber of Commerce, and the late "Nicholas 
III. was a lieutenant in the United States Navy. 

Jacobus or James 1. married Mary "Van Schaick. Among their 

children, two were highly distinguished in the beginning of the 

nineteenth century, Cornelius Van Schaick and James II. 

Cornelius ■' 

Van Schaick The former, who married Margaret Barnhill of Pennsyl- 
vania, was a merchant, banker, and capitalist. He was one of the 
five richest men in New York, and took a deep interest in the wel- 
'fare of the city. He founded the fiimous Chemical Bank, the only 
bank in the country which has always paid its obligations in gold. 
He had five sons, all of whom were important figures in the mid- 

Isaac Roosevelt 

From an India ink drawing in the Emmett Collection, 
Lenox Library 

TRoosevelt 99 

die part of the last century. These were Silas W., lawyer, wit, 
and School Commissioner; James Alfred, banker and capitalist; 
Cornelius Van Schaick II., merchant; Robert B., lawyer, author, 
editor, Commissioner of the first Brooklyn Bridge, Congressman, 
and United States Minister; and Theodore, merchant, War Com- 
missioner, and philanthropist. The history of these five sons 
covers the most important years from 1850 to the present time. 
Each contributed in his own way to the metropolis, ^.^^^ ^ 
and stamped his name upon its history. Silas W. was 
a "New York School Commissioner in deed as well as in name. 
He took an interest in educational work before he received his 
appointment, and may be classed as a member of the school of 
thought started by Horace Mann. When he accepted office he 
brought all his energy to bear upon the problem of books and 
methods, and infused a new spirit into the proceedings of the 
Board. The present admirable condition of the public schools 
and the high standards which mark all tuition in the city are 
under obligations to his f:iithful and efficient services. James 
Alfred, the banker, had a natural genius for finance. He was 
admitted to his father's firm when only twenty years of age, and 
while still in the prime of life had become an officer or director in 
a score of great financial institutions. He was Park Commissioner 
during the administration of Mayor Strong. 

Robert B., born in 1829, is still a hale and hearty member of 
the community. He received a fine liberal education, studied 
law, and practised in New York for twenty years. He „ , „ 

Robert B. 

was successful in that profession and was one of the 
most popular members of the bar thirty years ago. He was 
versatile and made his mark in many fields. A fluent writer, 
he served as an editor of the New York Citizen and wrote a 
number of books upon fish, birds, and other similar topics. He 
took an active part in politics, served in Congress, and was one 
of the leaders of the National Democracy. The life-work by 
which he will be longest known was that devoted to the game 
interests of the State and nation. He took up the task, an 
almost novel field, and struggled in the beginning against many 

loo IRooscvelt 

odds. By degrees he created and organized sentiment on behalf 
of the game birds and the fisheries of the State and secured much 
of the legislation which has preserved the fin and feather interests of 
the community. He served acceptably as Commissioner of Fish- 
eries of New York, did much toward the restocking of the rivers, 
lakes, and streams of the commonwealth, the establishment and 
development of fish culture, the interchange of valuable fish fry, 
and the protection of waters from the refuse of cities and factories. 
To the angler and the sportsman he will be always regarded as the 
Izaak Walton of America. He was one of the famous Committee 
of Seventy which started the movement that resulted in the 
downfall of Tammany and Tweed, and has always been identified 
with the best interests of the municipality. 

Theodore, the fifth of the brothers, was a brilliant Unionist 
during the war and one of the Allotment Commissioners. Upon 
the restoration of peace, he took up practical philan- 
thropy and devoted himself to the cause of the poor 
and ignorant. He was one of the founders of the Newsboys' 
Home and the other homes which grew out of the first one, the 
Young Men's Christian Association, the Orthopaedic Hospital, and 
the Children's Aid Society. He married Miss Martha Bulloch of 
Georgia. Their son was Theodore II. 

Theodore [1858] was educated at Harvard (1880), where he 
displayed marked literary, scholarly, and athletic talents. The 
following year he entered political life and was elected to the As- 
sembly from the 21st District, New York City. He served until 
1884. In 1886, he was nominated for Mayor, but was defeated by 
Abram S. Hewitt. Three years afterwards he was appointed Civil 
Service Commissioner by President Harrison and served until 
May, 1895. He was chosen Assistant Secretary of the Navy in 
President McKinley's Cabinet in 1897. At the breaking out of the 
war with Spain, he resigned his position and entered the United 
States Army. He raised a regiment of Rough Riders, but instead 
of taking the command, as is the custom in such cases, he re- 
quested the President to appoint his personal friend. Dr. Leonard 
Wood, Colonel, and himself Lieutenant-Colonel. 

The Administration Building 

Roosevelt Hospital 

IRoosevelt loi 

He and his men were in the army of invasion which landed 
at the eastern end of Cuba and took part in the first engagement 
between the American and Spanish forces. Both he and his Rough 
Riders made a fimious record for gallantry during the brief cam- 
paign. The same year he was elected Governor of the State of 
New York. In 1900, he was chosen Vice-President of the United 
States and took office on March 4, iqoi. On the death of Mr. 
McKinley, September, iqoi, he became President. 

He is a man of indef:itigable industry, and in the last twenty 
years has contributed largely to the press and added twelve valu- 
able works to American literature. He married Alice Lee of Bos- 
ton, and, after her death, Edith Carow of New York. By the first 
he had one child, and by the second, five. 

James Henry of the sixth generation has left a monument in 
the Roosevelt Hospital. It was the realization of his life ambition. 
Born in 1800, he was graduated from Columbia Col- 

James Henry 

lege, and took up the practice of law with the ambition 
of founding the charity described. To this he subordinated all 
other interests. He never married, and allowed nothing to swerve 
him from his path. He died in 1863, leaving a million dollars for 
a foundation. This, through the wise management of his trustees, 
was so administered that, in 1888, the hospital and its endowment 
represented over two millions of dollars. His epitaph is written 
upon the tablet which records the gift : " To the memory of James 
Henry Roosevelt, a true son of New York, the generous founder 
of this hospital, a man upright in his aims, simple in his life, sub- 
lime in his benefactions." 

Considerable impression upon New York City has been made 
by the so-called Pelham branch, established by Elbert [1767] of 
the sixth generation. He had six sons and two daugh- 

^r , , . ? Elbert 

ters. Of the former, Clinton, the inventor and scientist, 
was the chief of his generation. Peter T. and Albert J. were men 
who led long and eventful lives; the former died at the age 
of ninety-six, and the latter at eighty-eight. Washington [1802] 
was a scholarly Presbyterian divine, who was graduated from 
Middlebury, Conn., in 1829. He married Jane Maria Young, by 

I02 IRoosevelt 

whom he had four sons and one daughter. The oldest of the 
sons was Charles Henry [1832], who married Annie J. Jackson, 
by whom he had two sons, Henry Everitt and Albert Curtenius. 
Charles Henry has long been one of the leading citizens of West- 
chester County. 

Here and there, in the family history, have been indications 
of mechanical and inventive talent. In addition to Nicholas, who 
was the greatest in this respect in his generation, and Clinton, 
who was President of the Society of Inventors, was Hilborne 
Lewis, who was born in 1849, and died when but thirty-seven 
years of age. He displayed mechanical genius in his boyhood, 
and entered an organ-factory in early youth. He mastered all 
that could be learned in this country, and then went to Europe to 
gain an insight into the artistic, scientific, and historic features of 
the craft. He was one of the first to take up electric apparatus 
for organ-manufiicture. in a few years he developed it to an ex- 
tent never before known. On his return to America he estab- 
lished organ-factories in New York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore, 
and within five years had become one of the authorities on the 
subject. Many of his constructions enjoy a world-wide fame 
among musicians. His chief ones are those in the Protestant Epis- 
copal Cathedral at Garden City, L. I., and in Grace Church, New 
York, each of which contains twenty miles of electric wires. He 
built the famous organ for the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition. 
He received letters patent for improvements in organ-building, 
electrical apparatus, and telephony. His chief electrical invention 
was a telephone switch, which was adopted by telephone com- 
panies the world over. 


1 03 

.I'A?. S^ Wir»"\ 

Colonel Henry Rutgers 
From a steel engraving 



^/O the student of New York history, 
-i^>*^ each family name is identified with a 
set of virtues or a group of achieve- 
ments. That of Rutgers suggests a 
warm-hearted public spirit and a deep 
love for humanity. It is one of the 
first of Knickerbocker names. On Oc- 
tober I, 1636, Rutgers Jacobsen Van 
Schoenderwoerdt set sail at Texel, 
Holland, on board the good craft 
Rensselaerswyck, commanded by Cap- 
tain Jan Tiebkins, for the New Nether- 
lands. The quaint name is eloquent. Schoenderwoerdt is a 
pretty village not for from Leerdam, and Jacobsen, or Jacobse, 
means that Rutgers was the son of Jacob. The family 
belonged to the great middle class of Holland, which 
had fought both man and the sea for generations and 
had developed a stalwart manhood, which is even to-day the 
admiration of the civilized world. The virtues, private and public, 
are developed not in ease and idleness, but under the pressure of 
danger and of death. Great men never come from Sybaris. 

The voyage was uneventful, and early in the following year 
Rutgers landed at Fort Orange, where he immediately set to 
work to change the wilderness into a fertile domain. He labored 

long and late, and enjoyed a proportionate reward. His fields 





io6 1RutGer0 

brought rich harvests and his trading ventures proved profitable. 
Not until he was a wealthy man did he look about him for a help- 
meet. This occurred in 1646, when he married Tryntje Jansse 
Van Breesteede. In 1649, he formed a partnership with Goosen 
Gerritse Van Schaick and founded a brewing business. Accord- 
ing to the old records, he turned out an admirable quality of beer, 
so excellent that it was used by the churches of the time at the 
feasts or repasts which were given in connection with funerals 
and weddings. 

Even in this prosaic business he displayed a kindly heart. 
Whenever a poor family was unable to purchase the beer without 
which the funeral ceremonies were incomplete, he would send a 
cask of his best brew to the house of mourning. By 1660, he had 
become very rich. About this time he was appointed a magis- 
trate and conducted the office up to his death with dignity and 
ability. His last public office was the laying of the corner-stone 
of the new church in Albany in 1656. 

Two of his children were prominent in Knickerbocker life. 
His daughter Margaret married Jan Jansen Bleecker (1667), and 
became the maternal ancestor of the Bleecker family. Her hus- 
Harraan ^aud Jau was Mayor of Albany in 1700. Harman, the 
the Trader ouly SOU, took after his father. He was an active man 
of affairs, and conducted successfully the brewery, the real-estate 
business, an Indian trade in furs and skins, and the farms which 
he inherited. When clouds appeared upon the political horizon, 
and an Indian uprising was threatened, he promptly volunteered 
and became a private in the Burgher Corps, bringing with him, it 
is said, a number of the muscular workmen in his brewery. He 
continued his father's practice of supplying beer to the church 
funerals, and, like his father, he contributed a friendly cask to 
poor neighbors who were in mourning. So far as can be inferred 
from the records of the time, the custom known as " church beer " 
seems to have been analogous to the modern wake, and both are 
undoubtedly survivals of a custom very prevalent among the 
early Christians, in 1693, the Indians became so threatening near 
Albany, that Harman removed with his family to New York. He 

IRutfiers 107 

married Catarina de Hooges, daughter of Anthony de Hooges, 
Provincial Secretary of Rensselaerswyck, by whom he had 

hi the third generation, Elsie, daughter of Harman, married 
David Davidse Schuyler, at one time Mayor of Albany. Anthony, 
the oldest son, was a wealthy brewer, who took an Anthony the 
active part in public affairs. In 1710, 171 1, 1712, he was Assemblyman 
an Assistant Alderman, and from 1727 to 1734 an Alderman. From 
1726 to 1737 he was a member of the Colonial Assembly. The 
last was a representative body, and included such men of promi- 
nence as Henry Beekman, Jeremiah Van Rensselaer, Robert 
Livingston, Jr., Stephen de Lancey, Frederick Philipse, Peter 
Van Brugh, Benjamin Hicks, Nicholas Schuyler, and Lewis Mor- 
ris. Anthony's intellectual grasp was well shown by an under- 
taking which in the light of to-day was an enterprise of the 
highest merit. 

In the neighborhood of what is now Chambers Street and 
West Broadway there was a swamp, which occasioned much 
fever and ague. The title lay in the Crown, but under the law of 
the time it could not be sold in fee simple, but only leased for life 
or a period of years. Besides injuring public health, it was a 
blemish to the neighborhood, and interfered with the growth of 
the young city. Anthony petitioned the local authorities to obtain 
authority from the Crown to grant him the swamp in fee simple, 
so that he might drain and reclaim it, and so end the sickness 
which always prevailed in this neighborhood. In return, he 
promised to make it into habitable land at his own expense, 
no matter what that might be. it took no less than three years to 
secure the authority, and to sign the proper deeds. When this 
was done, the good burgher put his men to work, and within a 
year had changed a noisome, festering morass into one of the best 
meadows on Manhattan. Anthony was twice married: first, to 
Hendrickje Vandewater, by whom he had issue, and, second, to 
Mistress Cornelia Benson. 

Harman II. went into business with his father upon coming 
of age, and thereafter purchased a farm lying east of what is now 

io8 IRutflere 

Chatham Square. Of this farm, Rutgers Street is the relic, and 
undoubtedly represents the early road or path which led 

Harman II. 

the Land- dowu to Rutgers Wharf. Harman married Catharina 
°^°" Meyer, and had two sons and three daughters. 

In the fourth generation, Anthony II., son of Anthony I., died 
a young man, leaving one son, Anthony III., and five daughters. 
This son is of importance, because he transmitted to his daughter 
Elsie or Alice one third of his great estate. She married Leonard 
Lispenard, who thereafter purchased from his wife's two sisters 
the other two thirds, thus bringing together again the old Anthony 
Rutgers estate, which then became known as the Lispenard 

Peter [1701], son of Anthony, was a wealthy brewer and mer- 
chant, and was Assistant Alderman from 1730 to 1736. He was 
Captain Captain of the Independent Company of Cadets, and 
Peter married Helena Hoogland, by whom he had issue. Of 

the children of Harman II., Harman III., a son, died before his 
father. The three daughters made brilliant marriages. Elsie 
espoused John Marshall, Catharine married Abraham Van Home, 
and Eva, John Provoost. Harman III. left three sons and three 

Hendrick [f7i2], his brother, was a thrifty merchant and 
real-estate owner, who married Catharine de Peyster, by whom 
he had four sons and a daughter. None of the former left 

In the fifth generation the family reached its meridian. An- 
thony III., son of Anthony II., was the head of the family and 
Anthony III., fiHcd a large place in social circles. He married Ger- 
captain trudc Gouvemeur, a famous belle. In 1775, he was 
a captain of artillery. When he was ordered out by the British 
Government, he resigned, and moved to "Newark, N. J., which he 
made his permanent home. He had three sons and four daugh- 
ters, and was the founder of the Rutgers family of New Jersey. 

Anthony the lawyer, son of Peter, was a prominent member 
Anthony the of the New York bar in the middle of the eighteenth 
Lawyer ceutury. He married Elizabeth Williams, 




o ■§ 

— . o 



IRutgers 109 

Of the three sons of Harman III., the oldest, Robert, was a 
man of great wealth, who married Elizabeth, daughter of Dr. 
William Beekman. Harman IV. was a wealthy mer- Anthony the 
chant, who never married. Captain Anthony, the sea captain 
youngest brother, took to the sea in his youth, and rose to be a 
captain. In 1754, he received his first command, and in 1758 was 
the captain of a privateer, in 1760, he received letters of marque 
from the Crown and sailed the good hug King George, with which 
he captured many ships and realized an independent fortune. 
Five years afterwards or thereabouts he retired and settled upon 
the land. The same year he was made an Assistant Alderman. 

Shortly afterwards he opened a rope-walk with Jacob Le Roy, 
and was the father of that business in the colonies. His two sis- 
ters, Catharine and Cornelia, successively married his partner, 
Jacob Le Roy, from whom comes the Le Roy family of New 

Of the children of Hendrick, three command notice. His 
daughter Catharine married William Bedloe, grandson of Isaac, 
of Bedloe's Island. 

Lieutenant Harman was a heroic soldier, who enlisted in the 
Colonial army upon the breaking out of the Revolution, and was 
one of the first to give up his life for the cause of Lieutenant 
liberty. He was killed by a cannon-ball at the bom- Harman 
bardment of Red Hook, on August 28, 1776, by the British ships 
in the Long Island campaign. 

In Colonel Henry [1745], the son of Hendrick, the race 
produced its finest representative. He was marked by unusual 
attractiveness — physical, mental, and moral. In his coionei 
youth he was studious and was graduated in 1776 Henry the 
with very high honor from King's College, now Co- 
lumbia University. On leaving college, he took up a mercantile 
life and assisted in the management of his father's estate. The 
times were exciting, the troubles between the colonies and the 
mother country coming to a crisis. In the general controversy 
which prevailed he took strong sides with the Colonials. His 
fine appearance, culture, and ability soon made him prominent. 

no IRutgera 

and before the Revolution broke out he was looked upon as a 
Revolutionary leader. He was lieutenant in 1775 and a captain 
in 1776, serving in Malcolm's Regiment and taking part at the 
battle of White i^lains, where he was wounded. He fought 
through the war and was cheered (?) from time to time by 
escaped or returned soldiers, who informed him that his family 
homestead had been converted into a British barracks and after- 
wards a military hospital. 

At the close of the war he returned to New York City, where 
the following year he was elected a member of the Assembly. 
This honor was frequently repeated, his last term being 1807- 
1808. In 1802, he was made a regent of the New York State Uni- 
versity, and held it for twenty-four years. From 1804 to 18 17, he 
was a trustee of Princeton. 

His most important work in political life was in 1800, when 
he was one of the Republican leaders in the movement to defeat 
the Federalist party. The campaign was all-important as regarded 
the future policy of the United States, and in it the two New 
York champions of popular rights were Colonel Henry and Gen- 
eral George Clinton. Their efforts were successful, and their 
party carried the day and elected Thomas Jefferson President of 
the Republic. 

In 1812, Colonel Henry was chairman of the mass-meeting 
held in New York, which was called to take defensive measures 
against a threatened attack on land and sea by the British, sub- 
scribing liberally to the campaign fund and overseeing the con- 
struction of the fortifications that were built to defend both New 
York and Brooklyn against a naval expedition from the harbor 
and a land attack from Long Island. In 1829, he was made Presi- 
dent of the New York Public School Society, succeeding Gov- 
ernor De Witt Clinton in that office. He gave the money which 
assisted in founding Rutgers Female College, New York, and 
which took Queens College, New Jersey, out of bankruptcy. It 
was in honor of his munificence that the name of that institution 
was changed in 1825 to Rutgers College, by which it has been 
known ever since. 

TRutGcrs 1 1 1 

His benefactions to churches were large and numerous. He 
showed no sectarianism and treated all with equal kindness. 
Among the beneficiaries were the Dutch Reformed, the Scotch, 
the Baptist, and the Presbyterian. He made many gifts to schools, 
charitable societies, and to the deserving poor. The rule of his 
life was to spend one quarter of his income in charity. This, 
however, did not include what he called his "special gifts." 
These were numberless and extraordinary. Thus, for example, 
for many years he had all the boys of the ward in which he lived 
call upon him early New Year's morning. When the crowd was 
small, they were invited into the house; when large, they would 
stand in the yard and on the sidewalk. Punctually at the hour, 
the Colonel appeared in full dress, delivered a little speech appro- 
priate to the occasion, and then presented each urchin with a 
large cake and an entertaining volume. The cakes were always 
made to order, and were "nutritious and wholesome, but not 
too rich nor cloying," and the books were "edifying as well as 
amusing." Even the Colonel's speeches were not impromptu 
affairs, but were the results of weeks of careful thought and 
preparation. A few have been, it is believed, preserved, and are 
models of kindliness of heart, manliness, and patriotism. 

On any occasion when the city's finances were at an ebb and 
the schools were about to suffer, the Colonel paid repair bills, 
teachers' wages, and on several occasions built schoolhouses, out 
of his own pocket. During the last twenty years of his life he 
was known as the "well-beloved citizen." 

His home, a large and superbly furnished mansion, stood at 
Rutgers' Place— what is now the corner of Jefferson and Cherry 
streets — and for many years was a capital of the world of fashion. 
Here Lafayette was entertained, ''en prince" to use the great 
Frenchman's own words, and here was given the most notable 
reception of the time to General Washington and Colonel Willet, 
after the latter's return from his mission to the Creek sachems and 
sagamores, in the Rutgers drawing-rooms met all the Republi- 
can leaders of the period, and, despite the bitter asperities of 
politics, most of the great Federalists. 

I 12 


The names of the streets bear testimony to the man. Henry 
and Rutgers are his name ; while Clinton and Jefferson represent 
General George Clinton, with whom he led the campaign which 
gave New York's electoral vote to their friend, Thomas Jefferson, 
and made him President of the nation. 

Colonel Henry never married. His estate was divided by his 
will among his many relatives, the largest individual share going 
William B. to his grcat-uephew, William B. Crosby, grandson of 
Crosby iijs sister, Catharine Bedloe, who, left an orphan in his 

childhood, had been adopted by his generous kinsman. 

in the sixth generation, the main line was represented by 
Gerard, who married Margaret Bayard; Robert 11., and Elsie. 

Elsie Rutgers married John Marshall and from this marriage 
came the Rutgers-Marshall family of the metropolis. 

Of their issue the Rev. John Rutgers was the foremost. 

Graduated from King's College in 1770, he took orders, and was 

„ , ^ ordained a minister of the Church of England at Lam- 
Rev. John ^ 

Rutgers- beth Palace, London. He began his clerical career as 
Marshall ^ missionary at Woodbury, Connecticut, where he 
remained until his death, in 1789. 

He took an active part in bringing about the first convention 
of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States, which 
was held at Woodbury in 1783. The old "glebe house," one 
of the earliest landmarks of that denomination in this country, 
is now used by the diocese as a home for aged and infirm 

The head of the present generation is Henry Rutgers- 
Marshall, the psychologist and architect. 

No family has ever given more of itself and its belongings 
to the Commonwealth.' From Rutgers Jacobse to the ninth 
generation, the members have been marked by commercial and 
intellectual ability and have reaped the reward which comes from 
these traits, when put to practical use. Instead of applying this 
wealth solely to the upbuilding of a great family, they have 
devoted it to relatives and friends, neighbors, and strangers. 
Colonel Henry, the greatest son, must have given away two 

The Old " Glebe House." Woodbury, Conn. 

(At the time of the Revolution it was the home of Rev. John Rutgers Maisluill) 

The Kutgers House, Rutgers Place 

Between Jefferson and Clinton Streets. From a print in yjlciiliiic's Mjinial, 1858 

IRutGers 113 

thirds of his vast fortune during his life ; and at the close, dis- 
tributed the remaining third with the same kindly thoughtfulness. 
The other members have been marked by this altruistic character. 
They have left their imprint upon the city in the names of a 
dozen streets, and upon the country in Rutgers College, New 
Jersey; but more lasting than these are the noble actions which 
for two hundred years have made them notable among their 

VOL, 11.— S 





family is tiiat of Schermerhorn. It em- 
bodies the so-called Dutch virtues — 
thrift, courtesy, probity, patience, and 
zealous patriotism. It was among the 
very first settlers, and antedates most 
of its Knickerbocker compeers. It has 
cared little for military glory or politi- 
cal power, but has devoted its energies 
. to religious, philanthropic, and edu- 
cational institutions. Its history is to 
be found in church archives, college 
records, and the annual reports of benevolent organizations. 
Such qualities exert a profound influence upon a community and 
give a prestige to a family name like that which clings to such 
characters as Wesley, Fox, and Asbury. 

The founder of the Schermerhorn family in the New "Nether- 
lands was Jacob Jansen, who was born in Holland in 1622. He 
crossed the ocean with some relatives in 1636, and jacob jansen 
shortly afterwards settled in Beverwyck, now Albany. ^^^ Pouadtr 
Here he married and had many children. His farm was not far 
from the river, and was so fertile as to make him independent. In 
spite of his prosperity and of the large and happy family which 
he saw growing up around him, he was not altogether contented 
with his residence. Many features of the feudal system which 


ii8 Scbcrmcrborn 

were applied by the West India Company and the Patroons con- 
travened his ideas of liberty and government, so that when Arendt 
Van Curler proposed to his friends to migrate westward and there 
form a new settlement, based upon freedom and equal rights, 
Jacob was one of the first farmers who volunteered to take part 
in the expedition. 

They made the journey in 1662, and established the village 
which is now the city of Schenectady. Here Jacob cleared the 
virgin soil and made a farm whose fertility v/as greater than that 
of the one he had relinquished. He resided on this estate until 
his death in 1688, seeing the country develop, the population in- 
crease, his wealth accumulate, and his family of nine children 
grow up, marry, and become esteemed citizens of the community. 
His wife was Jannetje Segers, daughter of Cornelius Segers Van 
Voohoudt. His sons were Beyer [1652], Symon [1658], Jacob, 
and Lucas, and his daughters, Helena, Nachtilt, Cornelia, Jannetje, 
and Neeltje. 

Among these the chief in the second generation was Symon. 
He began life as a farmer and Indian trader, and was one of the 
Symon the survivors of the massacre at Schenectady in 1690 by 
Fearless ^j^^ French and Indians. In this tragic affair he dis- 
played rare gallantry, saving several people at the risk of his life. 
Even as it was, his horse was wounded under him and he himself 
shot through the thigh. The following year he removed to "New 
York and became interested in the navigation of the Hudson. He 
seems to have been commander and part owner and, finally, owner 
of a large trading-sloop, which, owing to his great strength and 
business sense, soon became very profitable. This change in his 
calling affected not only his own career, but also the careers of 
his descendants. For the next five generations, nearly all of these 
showed a love for the sea and for commercial and maritime enter- 
prises. He married Willempie Viele, by whom he had four chil- 
dren. The marriages of his brothers and sisters disclosed the 
names of several families that were to become eminent in after 
years. Among them were Bogart, Van Buren, Beekman, Ten 
Eyck, and Dame. 

Scbcrmcrborn 119 

ArnoLit [1686], the second son of Symon, was the master 
mind of his generation, hi his early boyhood he escaped the 
massacre at Schenectady, where his elder brother, 


John, was killed. After receiving such education as theship- 
the period afforded, he took eagerly to his father's °''°" 

calling and soon became a skilful navigator and shipping-master. 
He led a very long and busy life. He invested his earnings with 
sound judgment in "New York real estate, many of his trans- 
actions being on record in the New York Register's office. One 
of these was the purchase of three parcels of land, which cover 
nearly all the present site of Fulton Market. The bay at that 
time ran up nearly to Pearl Street, then known as Queen Street. 
Here Arnout built a handsome wharf, after the old Holland pattern, 
which lasted into the nineteenth century. This is the Schermer- 
horn wharf, so often referred to in the old books and records. It 
proved a wise investment, as it was soon called into constant use 
by the increasing commerce of the port, so that the wharf dues 
and demurrages amounted to a handsome sum every year. He 
displayed rare enterprise and energy. Before January, 1733, he 
had established a line of sailing vessels between New York and 
Charleston, S. C, and, in connection with this, a warehouse and 
ship-chandlery in the latter city. At the height of his career he 
was conducting this line, managing large mercantile establish- 
ments at each end, and also caring for many interests in real 
estate and water rights. He married Marytje Beekman, by whom 
he had six children, Catharina [171 1], Willementje [171 3], Johannes 
[1715], Aeltje [1717], Jannetje [1719], and Symon [1721]. 

Of the two sons, Johannes proved another edition of his 
brilliant father. He was both a "merchant and mariner," and 
enlarged the lucrative business which his father had , . 

° Johannes, 

established. During the long war between England "Merchant 
and France he secured letters of marque and reprisal *° 
from the British Government, and under this authority fitted out 
a number of privateers, which played havoc with French com- 
merce and put corresponding profits in the pockets of the shrewd 
builder. He married Sarah Cannon, daughter of John Cannon, 

I20 Scbermcrborn 

who was a descendant of a Huguenot refugee from Rochelle, 
France. The union was very happy and was blessed with 
twelve children — Arnout [1742], Mary [1743], John [1746], 
Symon [1748], Peter [1749], Sarah [175 1], Catharine [1753], 
Abraham [1755], Cornelius [1756], Catharine [1759], Esther 
[1761], and Hester [1762]. 

Of the six sons of this generation, Peter, commonly known 
as Peter the Elder, was the greatest. He started life with a 
Peter moderate fortune, on account of the great wealth of 

the Elder Y[\^ father, and increased it largely and rapidly. At the 
beginning of his business-life, he took up his father's calling and 
conducted it until the outbreak of the Revolution in 1776. Here 
his forethought was displayed to rare advantage. After the frigate 
y^sia fired upon the town and before the people had taken alarm, 
he disposed of all the property he could and then with his family 
and belongings removed up the Hudson to the neighborhood of 
Hyde Park. In this district were many coves, where his vessels 
would be safe from the men-of-war upon the river. What increased 
their security was the strong colonial spirit of the people on the 
land. Nearly all of his kindred withdrew from New York at the 
same time, so that the family lost almost nothing in the weary 
seven years of the Revolution. Both Peter and his relatives were 
strong Revolutionists and helped the colonial cause wherever it 
was possible. The sterling seamanship of the family enabled 
them to be of great usefulness to the Continental armies. They 
supplied transportation to the soldiers, forwarded arms and pro- 
visions, carried despatches, and even made reconnaissances, when 
information was needed by the American generals. 

When peace was restored, Peter returned to New York and 
re-established himself as a ship-chandler. The business was devel- 
oped with such skill that it soon became one of the first commer- 
cial concerns in the metropolis, and its owner one of the richest 
merchants. In the beginning of the nineteenth century the firm 
was changed to "P. Schermerhorn & Son," and afterwards to 
" P. Schermerhorn & Sons." It sustained its reputation under the 
new management and earned fine fortunes for the two junior 

Scbermerborn 121 

members. In 1796, Peter was elected a director of the Bank of 
New York, and in 1800 was prominent in all financial matters. 
He was one of the first to invest in Brooklyn real estate, and as 
early as 1795 purchased a great tract in Gowanus, which included 
what is now a goodly part of Greenwood Cemetery. From his 
interest in Brooklyn matters, the authorities of that town named 
one of its chief thoroughfares after him, a name which it still 
retains. He took an active part in church and charitable work, 
and was justly regarded as one of the best citizens of New York 
in his time. He married Elizabeth Bussing, daughter of Abraham 
Bussing, by whom he had six children: John [1775], Peter [1781], 
Abraham [1783], George [1785], Elizabeth [1787], and James 


In the sixth generation, the most conspicuous member was 
Peter the Younger, son of Peter the Elder. When he came of 
age he was admitted to his father's firm as a junior peter 

partner, and, in 1810, he and his brother, ambitious to the Younger 
surpass their father, started a separate firm called " Schermerhorn 
& Co.," which they managed with success, while still retaining 
their connection with the other house. This duality was con- 
tinued even after the father's death, the old houses being reorgan- 
ized under the names of "Schermerhorn, Banker & Co." and 
" Schermerhorn, Willis & Co." He invested wisely in real estate, 
purchasing among other tracts a large piece of land between Third 
Avenue and the East River, from Sixty-fourth to Seventy-fifth 

In 1814, he was made a director of the Bank of New York, 
which office he held until his death in 1852. He was a pillar of 
Grace Church, which in the early part of the nineteenth century 
was a small affair, but which, owing to the hard work and munifi- 
cence of the Schermerhorns, reached its present prominence in 
the ecclesiastical world. Peter the Younger became a vestryman 
in 1820 and a warden in 1845. He was an active member of the 
Building Committee which superintended the new church and 
rectory on Broadway, near Tenth Street. The two buildings with 
their exquisite fa9ades are a fitting tribute to the memory of the 

122 Scbcrmcrborn 

great merchant prince. He married Sarah Jones, daughter of 
John Jones, by whom he had six children: Peter Henry [1805], 
John Jones [1806], Peter Augustus [181 1], Edmond Henry [1815], 
James Jones [1818], and William Colford [1821]. 

in the seventh generation, William Colford has probably been 
the most eminent member of the family. He was graduated from 
William Columbia in 1840, and admitted shortly afterwards to 
Colford the bar. He received the degree of A.M. from his 
Alma Mater in i860, and the same year was elected one of the 
trustees. In 1893, he was chosen chairman of the Board of Trus- 
tees. His life has been eventful for its many acts of philanthropy 
and munificence, the most notable being the presentation to 
Columbia University of Schermerhorn Hall, one of the noblest 
buildings devoted to natural science. He married Ann Elliott 
Huger Laight. 

His brother, Peter Augustus, gave promise of the highest 
scholarship. He was an honor-man at Columbia, where he was 
Peter Augustus graduated in 1829, and where he took the degree of 
theschoiar ^ j^l. in 1833. His eruditiou, literary talent, and vig- 
orous mentality were unusual. He had just begun his career as a 
scholar when he was overtaken by death at the age of thirty-four. 
He married Adeline E. Coster, by whom he had three children: 
Ellen, Henry Augustus, and Frederick Augustus. The first has 
played an active part in city philanthropy. She married the late 
Colonel R. T. Auchmuty, who founded the New York Trade 
School in 1881. 

Frederick Augustus [1844] is the head of the eighth genera- 
tion. He was educated at Columbia. During his college term he 
Frederick euHsted In the Union army, and served in the Civil War 
Augustus as second lieutenant in the One Hundred and Eighty- 
fifth New York Infantry. He rose to be first lieutenant, and at the 
end of the war was brevetted captain for gallant conduct at the 
battle of Five Forks. At the close of the war he returned to 
Columbia, but instead of continuing the classical course he took 
up the study of science, and was graduated from the School of 
Mines (1868) with the degree of Engineer of Mines. In 1877, he 

Scbcrmcrborn 1^3 

was elected a trustee of the university, which office he has held 
ever since. He is President of the New York histitution for the 
Blind, a member of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Loyal 
Legion of America, the American Geographical Society, and other 
learned bodies. 

Other distinguished members of the family were Henry Au- 
gustus [ 1 840], a brilliant scholar, who was graduated from Columbia 
(1861), and took the degrees of A.M. (1863) and LL.B. Henry 

(1867); Dr. Burr, who was graduated from the College Augustus 
of Physicians and Surgeons in 1863; William Barnewell, who was 
graduated from Columbia in 1863; Bruce, who was graduated 
from Columbia in 1833; Daniel C, who was graduated from 
Columbia in 1824; and Judge Cornelius, who was graduated 
from the same institution in 1806, and practised law for many 
years in this State. 

The women of this race have been noted for their social 
graces. Nearly all married well and enjoyed long and happy 
wedded lives. In every generation they have been at the very 
head of New York society, and in the present decade they still 
wield that sovereignty in the person of Mrs. William Astor. 
They have been women of deep religious sentiments, and have 
been identified with church work in all of its forms. They have 
written their names indelibly upon the pages of philanthropy in 
the history of the metropolis. 

The family typifies the growth of the Empire State. Its early 
members were active in the opening of the primeval forest-lands 
and thereafter in the development of travel and traffic. They 
were among the first to establish the higher education in New 
York, and have ever since been closely connected with its college 
and university life. In the present century they have aided gener- 
ously in the formation and support of learned bodies and semi- 
educational institutions. They have never sought office, and of 
all the old families of the State, they have been the most reserved. 
This reserve has not been that of selfish isolation, but has, on the 
contrary, been accompanied by an ideally democratic conduct. 
They have looked after the welfare of their neighbors and 

124 Scbermerborn 

fellow-citizens, and have in every generation increased the pros- 
perity of the community. 

From the earliest time they perceived the maritime importance 
of "New York. They realized that the possession of the Hudson, 
the Sound, the Kills, and "Newark Bay involved a mine of inex- 
haustible wealth to Manhattan Island. They were advocates of 
the Erie and Champlain Canal, the Morris and Essex, the Delaware 
and Raritan, and of the harbor improvements which have been 
going on for more than a century. They took part in the develop- 
ment of coastwise and river navigation, and laid the foundation 
for many mercantile enterprises between New York and the coast 
cities of the Atlantic. It was this clear statesmanlike view which 
enabled them to take advantage of opportunities unperceived by 
others, and to accumulate that wealth which is usually the reward 
of intelligence and determined effort. The name Schermerhorn 
bears the same relation to the coastwise shipping of New York 
that the names of Astor, Low, and Grinnell do to its huge ocean 




General Philip Schujler 
From the painting by Trumbull 



'WO hundred and fifty years ago (1651) 
a handsome young Dutchman, Philip 
Pietersen Van Schuyler, p^iiip 

came across the seas from Pietersen 
Holland and settled in the town of 
Rensselaerswyck, known to-day as 
Albany. He represented the finest 
type of Dutch manhood, being brave, 
intelligent, energetic, and religious. 
He was a pioneer in the best sense 
of the word, and in addition was a 
commander of men and an organizer 
of industry. He was a successful farmer, acquiring an estate 
which enriched his descendants for many generations. He was 
eminent as a public leader, preserving friendly relations with 
the Indians, directing the conquest of the wilderness, and aiding 
newly arrived immigrants to obtain a foothold in the valleys of the 
Hudson and the Mohawk. He married Margherita Van Schlich- 
tenhorst soon after his arrival, and had a numerous family, all of 
whom inherited his health and physical and mental strength. 

Of his children, Pieter, the oldest son, was the most conspicu- 
ous. With Dutch thrift, he circulated a petition, presented it in per- 
son, and obtained a royal charter in 1688 for the city, 
under the new name of Albany. Incidentally with the 

incorporation, came his appointment as Mayor. The mayoralty 



128 Scbupler 

was more important in colonial days than at the present time, it 
had military and legal as well as executive obligations, and in 
general jurisdiction was almost the equal of the governorship. 
On account of the exigencies of the time, the Mayor was the In- 
dian Commissioner or Agent. He was popular among the red 
men, who named him "Quedor," a sobriquet by which he was 
well-known in northern New York. 

in 1689, the war broke out between England and France, 
affording the doughty Mayor the opportunity of proving himself 
as brilliant a soldier as he was a statesman. From this period up 
to his death, in 1724, his life was one of the chief glories of New 
York. He was indefatigable; he kept his own property well in 
hand, organized the people of northern New York into military 
companies, established forts at strategic points, led several expedi- 
tions into Canada, then an appendage to the French Crown, made 
treaties with the Puritan colonies in New England, and alliances 
with the Indian tribes in the Empire State. When affairs were 
looking dark for the colony, he took a delegation of Indian chiefs 
across the sea and presented them to Queen Anne. It is hard to 
say which produced the greatest sensation at the English capital 
— the handsome Dutch Mayor or the stalwart sagamores. They 
were entertained in the most lavish style of old-fashioned 
hospitality, which, according to old historians, nearly ruined 
the Honorable Pieter's digestion and half demoralized his redskin 
colleagues. But it had the effect desired. When the chiefs 
returned laden with clothing, jewels, arms, toys, watches, and 
baubles they created such a furor among the Iroquois that from 
that time on the Mayor had no difficulty in gathering an Indian 
army whenever needful. The historians of the time are singu- 
larly unanimous— the English, Canadians, and Americans pro- 
nouncing Pieter the best soldier and statesman of his period, while 
the French chroniclers refer to him as the most ferocious and 
bloodthirsty enemy of the King of France. The fame of Pieter 
has obscured his brothers, Brandt, Arent, and John, who were gal- 
lant officers and public-spirited citizens, the latter also having been 
Mayor of Albany. Pieter might have had a title had he so desired, 







> ^ 

















t; m 

~ a. 

' — 'o 

^— ^ 

<1-| 5 

Scbuv>lci* 129 

but when knighthood was offered him by Queen Anne he refused 
the honor. He explained his declination on two grounds: first, 
that it might humble his brothers, who were just as good men as 
he; and, second, that it might make the women of his family vain. 
Pieter's bravery came as much from his mother as his father. The 
former, Margherita Van Schlichtenhorst, was living in the fort at 
Albany when a party of soldiers came to seize the place. The 
Colonel, her son, was away at the time, and the men attached to 
the house were at their wit's ends; but the woman was equal 
to the emergency. She summoned the men, called them to arms, 
and drove out the assailants. 

in the third generation, the most conspicuous figure was that 
of Colonel Philip, Jr., Pieter's oldest son. According to his tomb- 
stone, he was "a gentleman improved in several public employ- 
ments." He was a capable soldier, a shrewd statesman, and a 
good business man. He married his cousin, Margaret Schuyler 
(1701-1782), whose many graces have been recorded in Mrs. 
Grant of Laggan's interesting book, Memoirs of an Amcriccin Lady. 

From Arent, Philip Pietersen's third son, are descended the 
Schuylers of northern New Jersey, where many still own large 
estates along the Passaic River. To this branch belongs Colonel 
Pieter, son of Arent, the gallant commander of the ' ' Jersey Blues " 
during the "Old French War," who will be remembered for his 
humanity and generosity while in Canada toward the captives of 
the French and Indians whom he rescued or ransomed, as well 
as toward the prisoners he himself made. 

The fourth generation brings upon the boards the greatest of 
the family, Major-General Philip Schuyler, who was born in 1733, 
and died in 1804. He was a man who could have sue- ,, . ^ 

^ Major-Gen. 

ceeded in any calling, so well rounded was his mental Phnip 

and moral eciuipment. Webster pronounced him second only to 
Washington among the great Revolutionary heroes. At the 
breaking out of the Revolution, he was practically the head of the 
Schuyler family. He had wealth, power, and culture; he held 
a commission under the British Crown, and could, had he so de- 
sired, received knighthood. His interests were bound up in the 

I30 Scbu^ler 

English cause, and to espouse the cause of the colonies seemed to 
mean ruin. He was an aristocrat by birth, breeding, and associa- 
tion. Nevertheless, when the conflict came he threw up his com- 
mission and gave himself to the Revolutionary cause. His career 
during the seven years' war is known to every one, and it is gen- 
erally conceded that it was his genius which won the battle of 
Saratoga. After the Revolution, he took an active part in public 
aflairs, serving as a delegate to the Continental Congress, and as 
a United States Senator. 

General Schuyler was not covetous of public office. From 
boyhood he was marked by an equanimity seldom found among 
the children of the wealthy. He was generous to a fault. Under 
the law of primogeniture, which then prevailed, he was entitled 
to the major part of the paternal estate. He refused to accept it, 
however, and shared the patrimony with his brothers and sisters. 
The first half of the eighteenth century was not an age when edu- 
cation flourished. Conviviality and social pleasures engrossed the 
attention of the higher classes, but young Schuyler made himself 
conspicuous even then by his studious habits. In this determina- 
tion he was greatly aided by his mother, Cornelia Van Cortlandt. 
He was a fluent French scholar, had a good knowledge of Dutch, 
German, and Latin, excelled in mathematics, and was more than 
proficient in civil and military engineering. 

The first recognition of his ability came when he was a young 
man. The Commissary Department of the British Army was in 
a muddled condition, and Lord Viscount Howe, the commander, 
selected young Schuyler to take charge of an- important branch 
of the work. There was a protest from many officers, who 
resented the placing over them of what they called a boy. Lord 
Howe is said to have replied that he did not like to appoint a boy, 
but when a boy was the only one who could do the work prop- 
erly, he had to appoint him. It was just before this time, September 
17, 1755, that Philip Schuyler married Catherine Van Rensselaer, 
a noted beauty of the period, daughter of Colonel John Van 
Rensselaer. The choice was a happy one, as the wife possessed 
the determination and heroism of the husband. Her daughter 

Scbu^lcr 131 

wrote concerning her: " Perhaps 1 may relate of my mother, as 
a judicious act of her kindness, that she not infrequently sent a 
milch cow to persons in poverty. . . . When the Continental 
Army was retreating before Burgoyne, she drove in her chariot 
with four horses to Saratoga to remove her household articles. 
While there, she received directions from General Schuyler to set 
fire to his extensive fields of wheat— which she did with her own 
hands— and to induce his tenants and others to do the same, rather 
than suffer them to be reaped by the enemy. She also sent her 
horses on for the use of the army, and returned to Albany on a 
sled drawn by oxen." 

Of Philip's chivalry, the best witness was his adversary, Gen- 
eral Burgoyne. This British commander in the House of Commons 
delivered a speech in which he held General Schuyler up to the 
admiration of Parliament. He said: "By orders a very good 
dwelling-house, exceeding large storehouses, great sawmills, and 
other outbuildings, to the value altogether of perhaps ten thousand 
pounds, belonging to Gen. Schuyler at Saratoga, were destroyed 
by fire a few days before the surrender. One of the first persons 
1 saw after the convention was signed was General Schuyler, and 
when 1 expressed to him my regret at the event which had 
happened to his property, he desired me to think no more of it, 
and said that the occasion justified it according to the rules and 
principles of war. He did more: he sent an aide-de-camp to con- 
duct me to Albany, in order, as he expressed it, to procure better 
quarters than a stranger might be able to find. That gentleman 
conducted me to a very elegant house, and to my great surprise 
presented me to Mrs. Schuyler and her family. In that house 1 
remained during my whole stay in Albany, with a table with more 
than twenty covers for me and my friends, and every other pos- 
sible demonstration of hospitality." 

This home in Albany saw all the great men and women of 
the land. The library contained the best collection of books in the 
colony. This room, or den, as the owner called it, was a favorite 
resort of Aaron Burr, who went there, when a member of the 
Legislature at Albany, to prepare his cases and write his orations. 

132 Scbu^ler 

There he met the daughter of General Schuyler, whom he was to 
make a widow by shooting her husband, Alexander Hamilton. 
General Schuyler displayed great political wisdom and statesman- 
ship during his term in the Senate. 

Of General Schuyler's children, eight reached maturity and 
married. Only one took part in public affairs— Philip J. Schuyler, 
who was a Representative in Congress from Dutchess 
"'' ' County and a valued citizen. The other seven exer- 
cised great social influence in the latter part of the eighteenth 
century and the early part of the nineteenth. Angelica married 
John Barker Church; Elizabeth, Alexander Hamilton; Margarita, 
Stephen Van Rensselaer, the Patroon; John B., Elizabeth Van 
Rensselaer, the daughter of the Patroon; Rensselaer, Elizabeth 
Ten Broeck; Cornelia, Washington Morton; and Catherine, who 
will be long remembered as the godchild of Washington, married 
Samuel Bayard Malcolm, and, upon the latter's death, James 
Cochran. Six of the eight marriages proved fruitful, though in 
nearly every instance there was a preponderance of female over 
male descendants. This is seen in the small number of those who 
bear the General's name, and the very large number of those who 
carry his blood in their veins. Among the names which now repre- 
sent this branch of the house are Ogden, Harison, Baxter, Bolton, 
Chambers, De Luze, Seabury, Peck, Morton, Van Rensselaer, 
Nolan, Douw, Thayer, Robb, Andrews, Berry, Townsend, Barber, 
Crosby, Hamilton, Church, Cruger, Pell, and Glover. 

The oldest son of General Philip was John Bradstreet [1763], 
who was a distinguished engineer, and who died (1795) from a 
fever contracted while engaged in the construction of a water- 
way from Schenectady to Lake Ontario. He inherited the Sara- 
toga estate. His wife was Elizabeth, daughter of Stephen Van 

Philip of Saratoga [1788], son of John Bradstreet, was gradu- 
ated from Columbia in 1806 and immediately afterward began a 
brilliant career. He was a canal advocate and secured the con- 
struction of the great canal-basin at Schuylerville. He established 
at the latter place the second cotton-mill in New York State. He 










■ T>hj 


~ "- 


o t 

^ ^ ^1 

Scbu\>Icr 133 

served in the New York Assembly (1822) and made an excellent 
United States Consul at Liverpool. He married Grace, sister of 
Hon. John Hunter. His life was noted for its generosity and hospi- 
tality. At his first home in Schuylerville, and his second and last, 
at Pelham-on-the-Sound, he entertained with princely liberality. 
He was enthusiastic in his love of humanity, giving all the time 
he could to church work and charity. 

John [1825], son of Philip of Saratoga, was educated at the 
New York University and became a civil engineer. In this profes- 
sion he rose to the highest rank, and became an authority on 
railway construction and bridge-building. He was a member of the 
Order of the Cincinnati, where he was elected progressively sec- 
retary, general treasurer, and vice-president. His chief relaxation 
was the study of astronomy and Egyptology, in both of which 
sciences he was a distinguished expert. He died unmarried in 1895. 

Philip Jeremiah [1768], second son of General Philip, settled 
in Rhinebeck, where he attained great prominence. He served in 
the Assembly and held many responsible offices. He married 
Sarah Rutzen, and, after her death, Mary Anna Sawyer. 

George Lee [181 1], son of Philip Jeremiah, was born in Rhine- 
beck and came to New York early in his career, where he became 
a civil engineer of high repute. He was one of the organizers of 
the modern system of transportation upon the Hudson River and 
Long Island Sound, and shares with Stevens, Astor, and Stock- 
holm the credit of having developed, if not created, that system 
which has been so potent in increasing the wealth of the 

He was a stanch supporter of the Union during the Civil 
War, and served as an aide-de-camp with rank of Colonel on the 
staff of General Wool, as agent for the Union Defence Committee 
and as agent for the Federal Government. He enjoyed considera- 
ble reputation as a writer and historical student. He was married 
twice, both wives being grand-daughters of Alexander Hamilton. 
He was active in club life, having been a member of the Union, 
Knickerbocker, and New York Yacht Clubs. He was probably 
best known to the public as one of the original owners, with J. 


134 Scbu^ler 

C. Stevens, E. A. Stevens, Hamilton Wilkes, and J. Beekman 
Finley, of the America's Cup. In 1882, he was the sole survivor 
of that famous group of yachtsmen. 

In 1887, he was the referee in the international race between 
the Volunteer and the Thistle. He had one son, Philip, and two 
daughters, Louisa Lee and Georgina. The present head of this 
branch is Philip [1836]. He was educated at Harvard (1853) and 
the University of Berlin (1857). He read law with the late Ben- 
jamin D. Silliman. He joined the Seventh Regiment N. Y. N. G. 
in 1859, and at the outbreak of the Rebellion left New York for the 
defence of Washington, in May, he entered the regular army as 
lieutenant and became major for gallant and meritorious services. 
He has been identified with the management of several large local 
institutions, including the New York Hospital and its Asylum for 
the Insane at White Plains and the New York Blind Asylum. He 
is a trustee of the New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox, and 
Tilden Foundation, and of the Zoological Gardens. He inherits 
his father's yachting tastes and has been tleet-captain of the New 
York Yacht Club. 

Louisa Lee [1837], daughter of George Lee and Eliza Hamilton 
holds a high rank in philanthropy and patriotism. At the breaking 
out of the Civil War she joined the U. S. Sanitary Commission 
and was one of the chief volunteer workers of the New York 
Branch during the four years of that great struggle. So closely 
did she attend to her duties that her health was impaired and she 
was obliged to pass some time in Europe, in 1872, as a result of 
her visits among the poor and to institutions for their benefit, she 
organized the " State Charities Aid Association," which has been 
so potent a factor in the reforms of institutional work in the 
Empire State. To this Aid Association she has given her time 
and labor up to the present date. Her achievements include 
reports, recommendations, studies upon pauperism, hospitals, 
asylums, and the care and treatment of the pauper insane. She 
is especially distinguished for her ability in initiating and further- 
ing reform measures and for her power of enlisting the sympathy 
of the community in such undertakings. 

Louisa Lee Schuyler 

The hiterior of the Schuyler House on 31st Street 

Scbu^lcr 135 

She accepted the honorary position of representative of New 
York State on the Woman's Board of the Columbian Exposition 
at Chicago 1892-g"), and in igoo was chosen an honorary member 
of the Woman's Board of the Pan-American Exposition at Buffalo. 

Arent Schuyler, a brother of Pieter, the founder, is the head 
of a junior branch which has been well represented in official and 
professional life. In the family itself it has been known 

^ ■' Arent 

as the clerical division, on account of the large num- 
ber of ministers and writers it contained. To this line belongs the 
Rev. Dr. Montgomery Schuyler, who was born in New York City 
in 1814, and who studied at Geneva, now Hobart, and at Union 
Colleges. After graduating from the latter in 1834, he Rev. 

practised law, went into mercantile life, and finally Montgomery 
entered the Protestant Episcopal Church. 

He was a rector in Marshall, Mich., Lyons, N. Y., and 
Buffalo, N. Y. He then went to Christ Church, St. Louis, Mo., 
where he labored up to his death, in 1896, serving over forty years. 
When his church was made the cathedral of the diocese, he was 
chosen dean. He made many valuable contributions to Church 
literature and ecclesiastical publications. 

About his son, the Rev. Louis Sanford Schuyler, is the halo 
of heroism. He was born at Buffalo in 1852, graduated from 
Hobart in 1871, entered the ministry in 1874, and, when Re^_ louIs 
the yellow fever broke out in 1878, was the first to sanford 
volunteer upon the relief committee, and obtained an assignment 
at his own request for Memphis, Tenn., where the epidemic was 
the worst. Here he fought well, but paid the penalty of his 
philanthropy with his life. Memorial services for him were held 
in all the Protestant Episcopal churches of the country, as well 
as in those of other denominations. 

The Rev. Dr. Anthony Schuyler, cousin of the Rev. Dr. 
Montgomery Schuyler, was another distinguished Episcopal 
divine. After graduation from Hobart College, he Reverend 
studied and practised law for ten years. He then took Anthony 
sacred orders, and was admitted to the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in 18=50, at the age of thirty-four. For thirty-two years 

136 Scbu^Icr 

he was rector of Grace Church, Orange, N. J. A ripe scholar and 
author, he was rewarded by the degrees of D.D. and S.T.D. 
He died November, 1900. 

Montgomery Schuyler [1843], son of the Rev. Dr. Anthony 
Schuyler, is the well-known editor, writer, and author of New 
York City. He received his education at Hobart Col- 
on gomery ^^^^^ travcllcd extensively at home and abroad, and 
has made a special study of American architecture. 

Montgomery Schuyler, Jr., son of Montgomery and grandson 
of Anthony of the Arent line, is a fellow of Columbia University 
njonj. and the author of monographs upon early Persian and 

gomery II. Sauscrit religious and dramatic literature. 

An important branch begins with Captain Philip, fourth son 
of the founder. He was a stalwart farmer and brave soldier, and 
was the leading spirit in Old Saratoga and its vicinity. To his 
energy was due much of the development of that early settle- 
ment. During King George's War (1744-48) the authorities at 
Albany gave notice that they could not protect the outlying 
towns in the event of an invasion by the French and Indians, and 
advised the settlers to rendezvous at the northern metropolis. 
Captain Philip refused to leave and fortified his house. Here he 
remained, and when the French made their attack in 1745 he 
was one of the many heroes who fought and died at Saratoga in 
defence of their homes. 

Among the descendants of Captain Philip was George Wash- 
ington Schuyler, his great-grandson, who was born in 1810, and 
George d>ed at Ithaca, N. Y., in 1888. He was a graduate of 

Washington ^^iq (Juiversity of New York. He studied theology, 
but turned from the pulpit to commerce. In 1863, he was State 
Treasurer and in 1866 was appointed Superintendent of the Bank- 
ing Department of New York. He served in the Assembly in 
1875 and from 1876 to 1880 was auditor of the Canal Department. 
He was undoubtedly the first to advocate the abolition of tolls 
upon the canal and, after many years' agitation, saw his project 
become the law of the State by the passage of a Constitutional 

Philip Schuyler 

From a painting by R. M. Stagg 

The Schuyler Houie " Nevis," at Tarrytown on the Hudson 

Scbu^ler 137 

The high talents of George Washington were transmitted to 
his son, Eugene Schuyler, author and diplomat. He inherited 
the intense energy of the founders of his race. He 

'='•' Eugene 

was born in 1840, at Ithaca, N. Y., and died in Egypt, 
at fifty years of age. He held consular and diplomatic posts no 
less than ten times, and in all acquitted himself creditably. He 
was a popular contributor to the magazines of both his own 
country and England, and made two translations from the Russian 
of Turgenef and Tolstoy, and one from the Finnish. He wrote a 
biography of Peter the Great, and was an esteemed member of a 
dozen learned societies. 

Viewed as a unit, the Schuyler family has had a great influ- 
ence upon the Empire State. In the colonial days it was in the 
front rank of the progressive patroons, and aided the conversion 
of the northern and eastern districts of the commonwealth from 
savagery to civilization. It was always liberal, generous, and 
tolerant. These virtues it brought from the Netherlands, and 
with them the love of learning, of comfort, and refinement. The 
Schuyler homes for two hundred years were noted for hospitality, 
and were crowded by the leading men and women of the time. 
Of the great Revolutionary characters, more than one half were 
guests at some time of the Schuyler mansion in Albany. They 
devoted their activity to matters of general welfare, such as the 
extension of the colonies into Canada, the construction of the 
Erie Canal system, the establishment of a national bank, and 
the upholding of the national honor no matter at what cost. In 
quiet seasons they took little interest, and seldom engaged, in the 
game of politics. They made good soldiers and landed proprietors, 
and were gentlem.en of culture. Where they had pov/er over ten- 
ants they never abused it, and never were arbitrary or tyrannical. 
During the Revolution, tradition says, they incurred the displeas- 
ure of some of the patroon class by waiving all rents from tenants. 
They did this from pure philanthropy, and probably did not 
realize that in so doing they were making the stepping-stone from 
the then existing conditions to the anti-rent and anti-quarter sale 
agitation, which was to revolutionize the rural system of New York. 



A'. V.^\ ■. . \ 


IVillijin Smith 

Justice of the Supreme Court 

From a miniature 




|IVE generations of college men, where- 
of each has supplied distinguished 
lawyers to the community, is the sim- 
ple but magnificent record of the Smith 
family of New York. Through profes- 
sional ability, it has enjoyed the ad- 
vantages of wealth; through marriage, 
it has become connected with many 
of the old Knickerbocker bloods, and 
through legal, literary, and medical 
services, it has stamped itself upon the 
chronicles of the State. 
Its most prominent ancestor was William, a stalwart soldier 
in the army of Oliver Cromwell. He was one of the praying 
and pious soldiers of that period, who taught the 
world the impressive lesson that a religious devotee 
was more than a match in the tented field for the 
conscienceless free-lance or the roystering swashbuckler. His 
was the type which, after the Restoration, supplied the New World 
with so much of its best material. The emigrants brought with 
them across the seas the high moral purposes and the indomitable 
patience which had marked them in the civil struggles at home. 
That nearly all were narrow-minded and intolerant, is often charged 
against them as a heinous fault. Such criticisms, however, over- 
look the fact that the conquest of the New World demanded the 


the Soldier 
and Puritan 

142 Smitb 

iron virtues, and not the pleasing courtesies of a refined civiliza- 
tion. The great colonies of the world have been founded by 
heroes and zealots. 

William the soldier was born in the Isle of Ely, Cambridge- 
shire, England, but removed and settled at Newport Pagnell, Buck- 
inghamshire, where he died about 1682. He married Elizabeth 
Hartley of Lancashire, by whom he had six children — five sons 
and one daughter: William 11., James, John, Samuel, Thomas 
(from whom the New York branch descends), and Christiana. 
Of this generation, two left home for America. William 11., the 
oldest, emigrated to Jamaica, W. I., and settled at Port Royal, 
from which he is known as " Port Royal " Smith. He married 
"Port Royal" Frauces Peartree, daughter of Colonel William Peartree, 
Smith ,^1-10 was Mayor of New York in 1703. From him are 

descended the Peartree-Smiths, who played an important part in 
the Empire State in the eighteenth century. 

Thomas, the fifth and youngest son of William I., was born 
in 167^ at Newport Pagnell, married Susanna Odell, and came to 
Thomas the New World with his three sons in 17 15. He had 
the Merchant scarcely more than landed when he started a move- 
ment looking toward the establishment of a Presbyterian Church, 
there being none in the city at that time. Success crowned his 
efforts, and in 17 16 the denomination in which he was an enthu- 
siastic worker had its own place of worship. He died in 1745. 
He was a merchant and a man of large means. 

Of the children of Thomas, Judge William was one of the 
great men of his period. When he arrived with his father in New 
Judge York he was eighteen years of age. The same year 

William (1715) he entered Yale, where he was graduated in 
1719, and took the degree of A.M. in 1722. For the next two 
years he served as professor at that institution of learning, during 
which period he showed so much ability that in 1724, when but 
twenty-seven years old, he was asked to become the President of 
the college. He declined, as he had already taken up the study 
of law, and had pursued it with such assiduity in his leisure hours 
that he was admitted to the bar the same year. Two months 

Smitb 143 

afterwards he opened a law office in New York, and was shortly 
in the enjoyment of a good practice. 

From this point on until his death, in 1769, he was a leading 
figure in colonial life. He appeared in nearly every litigation of 
importance, and was a leader in each political issue. In politics, 
he was a Whig; in his ideas, an advocate of the people against 
the Crown. When the British officials undertook the prosecution 
of John Peter Zenger, editor of the New York Weekly Journal 
(1735), William Smith and James Alexander defended the accused, 
and so offended the magistrates that their names were stricken 
from the roll of attorneys. In spite of the power of the Crown, 
Zenger was acquitted, and the liberties of the press preserved. 
Although his disbarment lasted two years, it only served to in- 
crease his power and influence in the colony. In 1736, he was 
made Recorder; in 1748, he was one of the incorporators of Prince- 
ton College, and is said by the historian of that institution to have 
drawn up the first charter and the draft of the second. To the 
end of his life " he was the earnest friend of the college, and one 
of the most honored and influential members of the Board." 

The cause of higher education was neglected in New York in 
those years. Among the chief men of that period, only Judge 
Smith and Lieutenant-Governor De Lancey were college grad- 
uates. The first step toward a better condition was taken by 
Judge Smith, William Alexander, and three members of the Morris 
family, who in 1732 petitioned the Assembly to establish a free 
school for teaching Latin, Greek, and mathematics. This was 
done the same year, and proved a success. The experiment was 
so popular that the same men now, aided by other leading citizens, 
determined to have a college in their own city. Funds were col- 
lected by lotteries, and an annual grant promised by the Legis- 
lature. In 1 75 1, trustees were appointed, and in 17^4, the charter 
of the College of the Province of New York, known as King's 
College, was granted. Owing largely to Judge Smith's efforts, 
the new school started upon a liberal and almost non-sectarian 
basis, in the Board of Governors were the rector of Trinity 
Church, the senior minister of the Reformed Protestant Dutch 

144 Smitb 

Church, the minister of the Ancient Lutheran Church, the minister 
of the French Church, and the minister of the Presbyterian con- 
gregation. In 1754, the Judge, with a number of distinguished 
friends, arranged plans for a public library, obtained the charter, 
and started what is now the New York Society Library. 

The year 1751 saw the Judge appointed Attorney-General 
and Advocate-General. Two years later, he was made a member 
of the Council. The following year, he was chosen to be one of 
the four representatives from "New York to the General Congress 
at Albany. In 1760, the office of Chief Justice was offered to him 
by Lieutenant-Governor Cadwallader Colden, but declined. Three 
years afterwards, he accepted the appointment of Judge of the 
Supreme Court of the Province, and held it with singular ability 
up to the time of his death. He was twice married, his first wife 
being Mary Hett, by whom he had fifteen children; his second, 
Mrs. Elizabeth Scott Williams, by whom he had no issue. He 
applied his educational ideas to the training of his children. All 
were good French and Dutch scholars, and thoroughly versed in 
English literature. The sons were familiar with Greek and Latin, 
and had a fair knowledge of Hebrew. 

Thomas [1700?], the second son of Thomas and Susanna, 
was a merchant and real-estate owner of considerable wealth. He 
Thomas II., was oue of the first to develop Orange County, where 
Merchant j^g j^ad a great tract of land. He lived at Smith's 
Clove, now Monroe. John, the third son [1702], was a popular 
„ , ^ clergyman, who spent the larger part of his life at 

Rev. John 

White Plains. He married Mehetabel Hooker, by 
whom he had four sons and eight daughters. 

In the fourth generation, William Peartree [1723] was a 
public-spirited citizen and patriot, who was very active in civic 

Chief Justice Wiiiiam [1728], son of Judge William, was the 
great man of the generation. He inherited his father's character, 
Chief Justice ^ud was a brilliant student. He was graduated from 
William Yale in 1745, when but seventeen years of age. So 
great was his precocity that he was an honor man in the classics. 

William Smith 

Chief Justice of New York and of Canada. From a steel engraving 

Smitb 145 

mathematics, Hebrew, and medicine — a wonderful record for a 
mere youth. He entered his father's law office, where he had as 
a fellow-student William Livingston, the future war-Governor of 
New Jersey. He was admitted to the bar in 1760, and formed a 
partnership with Livingston, the tlrm immediately building up a 
lucrative practice. 

Up to the time of the Revolution, no man stood higher in the 
affections of the Colonials. His culture, eloquence, probity, gen- 
tleness, and breeding made him a universal favorite. He was 
conscientious to a f'uilt, doing things that to the great world 
seemed ultra-chivalrous and even quixotic. He would not defend 
a cause which he knew to be wrong, and when he served as ar- 
bitrator, he refused any remuneration, on the ground that a judge 
should never have any fee. He declined speculative cases, and 
would not permit a man to come into his law office unless it was 
with "clean hands." He was a copious writer, wielding a pleas- 
ant and powerful pen. His chief work, A History of the Province 
of New York, is an eighteenth-century classic. From this work 
he takes the sobriquet of " William the Historian," 

Yet his very conscientiousness plunged him into a sea of 
trouble. When the Revolutionary War broke out, his sympathies 
were with the people, and yet he believed the crime of rebellion 
to be unpardonable. He was bitterly opposed to the tyranny of 
the British Government, but he thought redress should be sought 
along peaceful channels. He had the courage of his convictions, 
refusing to take part in the rebellion, on the one side, or to fight 
against his countrymen on the other. As a result, he was named 
in the Act of Attainder, and his estates confiscated. When mod- 
erate counsels prevailed, the act was cancelled, and the Chief 
Justice invited to return to New York, in the meantime, he, 
with his son William, had gone to England on the evacuation of 
New York in 1785. In 1785, he was appointed Chief Justice 
of Canada, where he exercised the functions of that high office 
with honor to himself until his death, in 1793. He married Jennet 
Livingston, daughter of James Livingston of New York, by whom 
he had ten children. 

VOL. II — 10. 

146 Smitb 

Thomas [1734], the second son of Judge William, was gradu- 
ated from Princeton (1754) and admitted to the bar in 1756. He 
Thomas was a patHot, and, unlike his brother, a Revolutionist, 
the Lawyer j^g ^-jg a member of the Committee of Safety and of 
the Provincial Congress. His law practice was lucrative, and made 
him a wealthy man, outside of the property which he inherited. 
He married Elizabeth Lynsen, by whom he had a large family. 

Dr. James [1738], the third son of Judge William, was gradu- 
ated from Princeton (1757), and received the best medical education 
of the time in Europe, and especially at Leyden, Hol- 
land. He was instrumental in the organization of the 
medical department of Columbia College, and in 1768 was ap- 
pointed to the chair of chemistry and materia medica. He was an 
active Whig, and both in this country and abroad argued manfully 
for the colonies. He was not alone a great physician, but so far 
ahead of his time as to be pronounced too theoretical and fanciful. 
What galled the practitioners of the period was that Dr. James 
would write his theses in Latin or else employ so much of that 
language in his medical papers as to render them unintelligible to 
the average practitioner. He married Mrs. Atkinson, a wealthy 
widow of Kingston, Jamaica, by whom he had issue. 

Joshua Hett [1749], the youngest son of Judge William, was 
admitted to the bar in 1772. He was a successful practitioner, 
Joshua Hett ^"^ duriug the Revolution pursued the same course as 
the Lawyer j^jg oldest brother, the Chief Justice. He was involved 
in the Arnold episode, but appears to have been innocent of all 
complicity in that treachery. 

In the fifth generation, William [1769], the son of the his- 
torian, was educated in New York and England. He accompanied 
,„.„. ,^ his father to Canada, where he was made Clerk of 

William the ' 

Historian the Provlucial Parliament, in 18 14, he was placed in 
° ^^ * the Executive Council. He was lieutenant-colonel in 
the Quebec militia and a successful lawyer and writer. His chief 
work was A History of the Province of Canada, similar to his 
father's A History of the Province of New York. He married 
Susan Webber, by whom he had five children. His grandson, 

Smitb 147 

Lieutenant-Colonel William C. Smith of the British Army, is the 
present head of that branch of the family. 

Of the children of Thomas of Haverstraw, second son of 
Judge William, the most important was Thomas, Jr. [1760?]. He 
was a lawyer of wealth, who devoted most of his time Thomas, jr., 
to the management of his estate. He married Mary *''« Lawyer 
Taylor, daughter of John Taylor, a merchant prince of the metrop- 
olis, by whom he had five children. 

in the sixth generation, the children of Thomas, Jr., deserve 
special mention. The oldest, John Taylor, was graduated from 
Columbia University in 1805, and admitted to the bar j^hnTayior, 
in 1810. He became District Attorney of Rockland District 
County, and for many years was active in State affairs. °"^^ 

He was a stanch supporter of De Witt Clinton and the canal policy, 
as well as of all the liberal movements of his period. He married 
Willimina Stodart, by whom he had six children — three sons and 
three daughters. 

The head of the seventh generation, and of the house, so far 
as America is concerned, is Charles Bainbridge, a prominent 
member of the New York bar. He is a son of John charies 
Taylor and Willimina, and was born in 1822. He Bainbridge, 
studied law in the office of William Curtis Noyes, ^''^^ 

and was admitted to the bar in 1846. He has been an active and 
successful practitioner up to the present time. He married twice, 
his first wife being Miss Keteltas, by whom he had issue. 

In the eighth generation is Eugene Keteltas, son of Charles 
Bainbridge. He was educated in this country and in Eugene 
France, and resides in Vermont. He is represented Keteitas 
in the ninth generation by two sons. 

Female descendants of William and Elizabeth Smith married 
into the following families: Bostwick, Budd, Delafield, Denning, 
Doyle, Gordon, Hay, Herbert, Keteltas, Livingston, Mackie, Mallet, 
Maturin, Roberts, Rose, Ross, Sewall, Stewart, Tallmadge, Temple, 
and Torrans. 

To-day, when all are agreed upon the value of education, 
especially in its relations to professional and social life, it is difficult 

148 Smitb 

to appreciate the conditions which prevailed in the first century 
of the life of New York. Schools were few and poorly patronized, 
and such of the citizens as desired to give their children the bene- 
fits of the best mental training were compelled to send them to 
New England or to the old country. The change which the 
colony underwent during these one hundred years was largely 
due to the influence and activity of the descendants of William 
and Elizabeth Smith. They had big hearts, and endeavored not 
only to give their own children the best education which could be 
procured, but also to place educational opportunities within the 
grasp of the community. Their work in respect to Yale, Prince- 
ton, and Columbia, and, above all, the example which they them- 
selves set for their neighbors, were two forces potent for good. 
That the family has sustained its own traditions, was to have been 



vi -^"i^AK 

Peter Stuyvesant 

After an engraving of the picture owned by the N. Y. Historical 




Petrus the 

N the early history of the New Nether- 
lands, one man towers high over all 
the rest. A soldier, statesman, patriot, 
and philanthropist, he seems to have 
embodied the virtues of his age. 
Petrus, or Peter, Stuyvesant, the great 
Dutch Governor of New 
York, was born in 1602, in 
Friesland. His father was a clergy- 
man, who gave the boy an excellent 
education, and developed the schol- 
arly instincts which were to mark his 
subsequent career, but neither study nor the quiet life of Holland 
suited a youth whose vitality, physical and mental, was of heroic 
proportions. At an early age he had shown a love for military 
life, and to gratify it entered the service of the West India Com- 
pany. This corporation represented the inordinate ambition of 
the Dutch leaders of that period. Upon it was conferred more 
power than had been bestowed by England upon the East India 

It had plenary rights to all the lands it might discover, occupy, 
or conquer. It had the right to make war and peace, enter into 
alliances, raise armies, build navies, construct fortresses, adminis- 
ter justice, impose tariffs and other forms of taxation, and its 
generals and admirals enjoyed an independence unlike anything 


152 Stu^vesant 

known to either national or international jurisprudence. In return 
for these mighty prerogatives it was obliged to report its trans- 
actions from time to time to the States-General of Holland, and to 
apply to them for commissions for its chief officials. The object 
of the corporation was to build up a trade monopoly and a landed 
empire in the West, as had been done in the East, Indies. 

The capital of the West India Company was about $2,500,000, 
which, in purchasing power, would equal about $25,000,000 to-day. 
These powers and wealth made it a quasi-political entity, stronger 
and better organized than many of the European nations of that 
period. Conducted by business-men, merit was the criterion of 
selection and advancement — more than in the administration of 
public affairs by the governments of the time. From the em- 
ployees of the company were graduated many of the best soldiers 
and sailors of that century. Its service was the Mecca of adven- 
turers from many lands. In the rosters which have come down 
to the present day may be found names of English, French, 
Swedish, Spanish, Italian, German, and even Russian officials. 

Among its myriad servitors, Peter Stuyvesant was prominent 
within a few years after he had entered its employ. Of his ex- 
ploits at this time, but little has come down from the past. Yet 
that little shows him to have been a fearless and even reckless 
fighter, a bold strategist, a powerful executive, and a stern dis- 
ciplinarian, and by a seeming contradiction, a man of great kind- 
liness and rare generosity. This combination of attributes made 
him popular if not beloved among the fighting men, who prepon- 
derated in the Company's service. He took part in the brilliant 
campaign against Spain which resulted in the conquest of several 
Spanish territories in the Antilles, and was thereafter made Gover- 
nor of the island of Cura^oa. 

Here, while occupying the gubernatorial chair, he led an ex- 
pedition against the island of St. Martin, which belonged to Portu- 
gal, where, according to an ancient wit, he lost both the battle 
and his leg. He returned to Europe for surgical aid, and while 
convalescing was so eager for either vengeance or the carrying out 
of his plans that he secured a promise from the directors of the 

Stu^vcsant 153 

Company to renew the attempt, which they did triumphantly four 
years later. In 1046, he was appointed Governor of the New 
Netherlands, and sailed on Christmas morning for his post. The 
sting of defeat must have been rankling in his bosom, because he 
did not proceed directly across the sea, but went to the West 
Indies and to Cura^oa, where he arrived early in 1647. Here he 
held many councils with his successor, and probably among the 
plans which the doughty veteran expatiated upon was the expul- 
sion of the Portuguese from those seas. 

He reached New Amsterdam in May of that year. With him 
were his wife, Judith Bayard, the daughter of a distinguished 
Huguenot divine, and his sister Anna, who had married Nicholas 
Bayard, his wife's elder brother, but who had been widowed and 
left with three infant sons. This group, the origin of two families, 
may be regarded as a genealogical unit. The Bayards had in- 
herited the grace, intellectuality, and high moral sense of their 
clerical sire, while the Stuyvesants, brother and sister, seemed to 
have been made in the same mould of physical and mental power. 
The two women were to wield as potent an influence in the social 
sphere as the great Governor in the political. Even at home they 
would have been leaders of society. They were brilliant, cul- 
tured, and accomplished. Mrs. Stuyvesant, who was a Bayard, 
was beautiful, artistic, and gentle. Mrs. Bayard, who was a 
Stuyvesant, was massive, forceful, and proud. Each had a talent 
for business, and each acted as a tutor to her children, nephews, 
and nieces. They deserve special reference at this point because 
they exerted a profound influence upon the husband and brother. 
He consulted with them upon many, if not most, matters, and 
seemed to feel more confidence in their opinions than in those of 
his staff. To these women may be ascribed much of the moral 
force which prevailed during the Stuyvesant administration, and 
which was noticeable during that century. 

The Dutch women were notably chaste and upright, but 
were, of course, apt to be influenced by those high in power. 
Mrs. Stuyvesant and Mrs. Bayard, occupying the highest official 
positions in the colony, set an example in both word and deed 

154 Stu^vcsant 

similar to that of the late Queen Victoria in the century just 

The Governor's administration may be called the golden age 
of the New Netherlands. He was no more than landed when he 
took up his work, and never wearied so long as he was in power. 
He organized a Council, established a court of justice, and insti- 
tuted representative government. His Assembly was, of course, 
crude, consisting of eighteen delegates, elected by the people, 
from whom the Governor and Council selected a board of nine to 
act with them as advisers. He framed laws for the better govern- 
ment of the Indians, improved the revenue service, and increased 
the treasury receipts. He was wiser than his generation in disap- 
proving the construction of poor and cheap houses and encourag- 
ing the building of those of a better type. Worthy of mention 
was his establishment of a town market and of an annual cattle 
fair intended to benefit the dairy and stock interests of the com- 
munity. He took a large if not a chief part in founding the first 
public school. With remarkable foresight for that period, he per- 
ceived the necessity of accurate boundaries, and for a long time 
carried on a spicy controversy with Connecticut upon this topic. 

As may be supposed, his career was stormy. He was a born 
commander, and brooked no opposition. According to modern 
standards, he was a genial, kind-hearted tyrant, who knew no law 
but his own will. He quarrelled with the patroons, merchants, 
and his own Council. When his enemies submitted reports 
against his course of action to the home Government, and the 
States-General commanded him to appear in person in Holland, 
he refused to obey in a tirade of Dutch eloquence which was long 
remembered by his hearers. In 1665, he sailed down the coast 
and up the Delaware, and took forcible possession of the Swedish 
colony of New Sweden, which he annexed to the New Nether- 
lands, and called New Amstel. 

in 1664, he signed the treaty of surrender to Great Britain, 
whereupon the town of New Amsterdam was rechristened New 
York. Circumstances connected with this surrender throw a 
clear light upon the Governor's character. The West India Com- 

Stu^vcsant 155 

paiiy had come to neglect the colony, and, in spite of his re- 
peated appeals for arms, munitions of war, and soldiers, had done 
nothing. He was not on friendly terms with the great patroons, 
whose estates lay between New Amsterdam and Fort Orange, 
and could not summon levies of men from their tenantry. New 
England was growing rapidly, and there was strong jealousy be- 
tween the English settlers of Connecticut and Long Island and 
his own government. When, therefore, four English war-ships, 
with four hundred and fifty soldiers, arrived in the harbor, Stuy- 
vesant had scarcely a hundred men and only a few small cannon 
to oppose them. 

The English commander sent a summons to surrender — 
promising life, liberty, and property to all who submitted to the 
royal authority. Stuyvesant read the letter, tore it to pieces, 
and set about making the best defence he could. Nicholas Bay- 
ard, his nephew, picked up the pieces of the letter and put them 
together. An anxious crowd had collected outside of the Council 
chamber, to whom the letter was read. Its tone was so kind 
and moderate that the people declared themselves in favor of 
surrender. A petition to that effect, signed by nearly all the 
leading citizens, was given to Stuyvesant, who, nevertheless, 
kept on preparing for battle. Everything was ready for action — 
the English fleet and soldiers, reinforced by Connecticut and 
Long Island troops, on the one side, Stuyvesant and a handful 
of men upon the other — when his favorite clergyman intervened, 
pointing out the folly and hopelessness of so unequal a struggle. 
Then, and not till then, did Stuyvesant yield. 

His after-life was uneventful. He devoted himself to his 
cattle and farm, the latter running along what is now the Bowery 
well up to Harlem. His home was near what is now Eighth 
Street. A pear tree which he brought from Holland in 1647 was 
planted near the road, and lived and bore fruit until 1867. Its site 
at that time was the corner of Thirteenth Street and Third Avenue. 

On the outer wall of St. Mark's Church is the tablet record- 
ing his death. He left two sons, Balthazar [1647] and Nicholas 
William [1648]. 

156 Stu?ve0ant 

Balthazar was a stanch Dutch patriot, and after 


New Netherlands became English he moved to the 
West Indies. 

Nicholas William was a prominent citizen of early New 
York, who took a lively interest in church work and philan- 
Nichoias thropy. His first wife was Marie, only daughter of 
William William Beekman, who died childless. His second 
was Elizabeth, daughter of Commander Slechtenhorst of Rens- 
selaerwyck, by whom he had three children, Peter, Anna, and 
Gerardus or Gerard. 

Of this generation Peter died unmarried, Anna espoused the 

Rev. Dr. Pritchard, a popular Episcopal clergyman of the period, 

and Gerard, his second cousin, Judith Bayard. They 

had four sons, of whom only one, Peter [1727], 

left issue. 

The latter married Margaret, the daughter of Gilbert Living- 
ston. He occupied a leading place in New York society, his 
wealth being great from the growth in value of the Stuyvesant 
estate. He had six children, two sons and four daughters. This 
generation was probably the most important, socially, in the 
family career, both sons and daughters occupying eminent po- 
sitions in the colonial world. Judith married Benjamin Winthrop; 
Cornelia, Dirck Ten Broeck; and Elizabeth, Colonel Nicholas 
Fish; while Margaret died unmarried. 

Peter Gerard [1778], was graduated from King's College 
(1794), was admitted to the bar, and practised law a short time. 
Peter ^^ g^ve up the profession in order to devote himself 

Gerard ^q ^j-jg (-^j-g Qf j^jg j^j-gg gstate. He was twice married, 

but had no children by either wife. His first wife was Susan 
Barclay, and his second Helen Rutherfurd. He founded the New 
York Historical Society, of which he was President from 1836 
to 1840. 

Nicholas William 11, married Catherine Livingston Reade, 
daughter of John Reade and Catherine Livingston, by whom 
Nicholas he had nine children, six sons and three daughters. 
William II. pgtgr^ the oldest, married Julia Martin. 



. 5 

O 5j 


^ § 

■(/) 5! 
•v „- 

Stu^vcoant 157 

Nicholas William III. married Catherine A. Cheeseborough; 
John Reade married, first, Catherine Ackerley, and secondly, 
Mary A. Yates. Gerard married Susan Rivington Van Home, 
Robert Reade married Margaret A. Mildeberger, Joseph Reade 
married Jane Ann Browning; Catherine Ann, the oldest daughter, 
married John Mortimer Catlin; Helen C. married, first, Henry 
Dudley, secondly, Francis Olmsted, and thirdly, William S. Mayo. 
Margaret Livingston married Robert Van Rensselaer. This was 
a generation of scholarly, well-to-do men, who devoted them- 
selves to their estates, to study, and to social relations, but who 
took little part in the great world of affairs. 

In the seventh generation Julia Helen married Rudolph C. 
Winterhoff; Catherine S., Edward M. Neill; Rosalie, Aristede 
Pillot; and Gertrude, Raymond P. Rogers, U. S. N.; Caroline 
Augusta, Benjamin A. Onderdonk; Margaret L. J., Howard Wain- 
wright; Helen Mary, Robert Sandford; Catherine L., Francis R. 
Butler. Of the male members, Van Rensselaer Stuyvesant did 
not marry; Henry married Caroline Hoppock; Robert, Fanny J. 
Gibson; John Reade, Elizabeth T. Kendall; Robert R., Amelia 
Schuchardt; A. Van Home, Harriet Le Roy Steward. 

To this generation, on the maternal side, belongs Lewis 
Morris Rutherfurd, a great scientist. He was a grandson of Judith 
Stuyvesant, who married Benjamin Winthrop. Born Lewis Moms 
in Morrisania [1816], graduated from Williams College Rutherfurd 
(1834), admitted to the bar (1837), in 1849 he gave up law for 
science. Perceiving the importance of specialization in astro- 
nomical research, he took up astronomical photography, spectro- 
scopy, and spectrologic analysis. With an intellect of extraordinary 
power, and with pnough wealth to experiment upon a lavish scale, 
he made remarkable progress. In 1863, he started a series of 
papers on spectroscopic astronomy in the American Journal of 
Science which attracted great attention. His greatest work was 
the construction of differential gratings and of machines for ruling 
lines upon glass. So delicate were these instruments that they 
are said to have ruled ten and even fifteen thousand parallel lines 
to the inch. He succeeded in dividing space with the same 

158 Stu^vesant 

accuracy as the most modern balance divides and weighs matter. 
Honors came upon him thick and fast both at home and abroad. 

For more than a quarter of a century he was a trustee of 
Columbia College and a member of scientific associations. He 
was an Associate of the Royal Astronomical Society, and the 
recipient of more than a hundred medals, titles, degrees, resolu- 
tions, and other marks of esteem from the governments, colleges, 
and scientific institutions of the world. As physicist and astrono- 
mer, he held high rank. He died in 1 892, at the age of seventy-six. 
His wife was Margaret Stuyvesant Chanler, and his oldest son, 
Stuyvesant Rutherfurd, who, by act of Legislature, transposed his 
two names. 

Genealogically, the latter is now the most notable member of 
his race, being descended from Governor Stuyvesant of New Am- 
sterdam, Governor Winthrop, of Massachusetts, Gov- 


ernor Dudley, of Connecticut, Governor Morris, of New 
Jersey, Robert Livingston, Balthazar Bayard, Walter Rutherfurd, 
and Lewis Morris, the signer of the Declaration of Independence. 
He was graduated from Columbia in 1863, and is a prominent mem- 
ber of the American Geographical Society, the American Museum 
of Natural History, the National Academy of Design, and a trustee 
of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. The other male members of 
the generation are the children of Robert R. Stuyvesant, F. 
Schuchardt Stuyvesant, who married Cornelia U. Bergen; Gerard, 
who married Mildred N. Floyd, and Van Home, the son of A. 
Van Home Stuyvesant. 

The career of the Stuyvesant family, since the time of Peter 
the Governor, has been marked by scholarship and social prestige 
rather than by political, military, or commercial genius. It has 
been wealthy from the first generation, and has used its wealth 
wisely and well. Its members have been religious, and identified 
with charitable, educational, and other public-spirited movements. 
They have attended to all social duties, and from the landing of the 
bluff Governor to the present time have dispensed hospitality to 
all who came within their circle. Through marriage they have be- 
come related with many colonial families, but these relations have 

Stu^vcsant 159 

been mainly local, so that the name is essentially a New York 
name. Upon the metropolis their name is stamped indelibly; 
Bowling Green, Whitehall, and the Battery are mute witnesses of 
the old Governor, and Stuyvesant Square of his ancient country- 


VOL. II.— II, 



Frederick D. Tappcn 
From a photograph 





^^^^L ^^^^^^Hfll^Bf 




■ 'ifll 




jMONG the families of the Empire State 
the Tappens or Tappans, as the name 
is also spelled, hold a curious position. 
Their renown rests upon achieve- 
ment, probity, and public perform- 
ance, but it has been largely increased 
by the attainments of another family 
of the same name. It is probable 
that the Tappans and Tappens of 
Massachusetts and of New York are 
of the same race. From the time of 
Henry Vlll. up to Charles I., there 
was a small but constant migration of sturdy Hollanders into Eng- 
land. The superiority of the Dutch in spinning, weaving, bleach- 
ing, dyeing, and other industrial arts made them desirable 
acquisitions to any country; and in spite of the jealousy of fellow- 
craftsmen in Great Britain, they received in the main a hearty 
welcome from the English Government and people. 

The New York Tappens, at least, were artisans of great 
ability. In the old records they are referred to as weavers, glaze- 
makers, shipsmiths, and builders. The records of the sixteenth 
and seventeenth centuries are incomplete and oftentimes untrust- 
worthy. Of their origin nothing is known. The name has been 
derived from the Dutch and also from the old English patronymic 

of Topham. It is, however, more probable that the English 


1 64 tlappen 

family of Tappan brought its name from the Netherlands rather 
than that it changed the good Saxon patronymic of Topham into 
Tappan. "No other branch of the Tophams is known to have made 
swch an alteration, and it is difficult to conceive of an English 
family discarding or modifying their own name to " Dutchify " it. 
To complicate the problem still further, there was in the New 
Netherlands a Flemish family from Luxembourg which spelled its 
name Tapin, Tappin, or Tappen, and pronounced it Tappan, and 
in later years one of the offshoots spelled it to conform to the 

The Massachusetts race has been pre-eminent for intellectual- 
ity, philanthropy, and practical Christianity; the Luxembourg for 
professional attainments; while the Knickerbocker stock has 
gained renown by its sturdy manhood, its high character, public 
spirit, and mental attainments. The distinction of each branch 
has been shed upon the other two. The New York family of 
Tappen came to the New World about 1630, and, after remaining 
a brief time in New Amsterdam, went to Fort Orange, where it 
settled and remained for two generations. It then broke asun- 
der, the main line removing to Kingston, where it became distin- 
guished in matters of the State and nation. The junior line remained 
in the neighborhood of Albany and sent out shoots to the West, 
which took root and grew into stately growths in the course of 
the years. 

The founder was Jurian Teunisse, who married a daughter of 
Wybrecht Jacobse. Jurian must have brought considerable prop- 
jurian ^rty with him from the Old World, as he appears to 

the Founder j^jjyg j^ggp j^ g^gy circumstances, if not affluence, from 
the first. He was popular with the people and on terms of warm 
friendship with the patroons and leading merchants. He was a 
devout member of the Dutch Church and during the inclement 
winters devoted a certain number of hours every week to visiting 
and caring for the sick poor. The same kindly spirit actuated him 
in his dealings with the Indians, who called him "The Good 
Chief. " His married life was happy and uneventful. In the latter 
part of his life (1654-1677) he seems to have operated largely in 

tTappen 165 

real estate, buying, selling, and exchanging upon a scale indi- 
cating the possession of large means. 

in the second generation the leading figures were Tunis and 
Jurian 11. They were well-to-do farmers and traders, Tunis seem- 
ing to have had the larger mercantile talent. He carried 
on commerce with New Amsterdam and afterwards New 
York; and on several occasions seems to have done business directly 
with Holland. At that time most of this trade was in the hands 
of the Dutch West India Company, the patroons, and 
the high officials. The few private citizens who en- 
gaged in it were men of means, prominent position, or of influence 
with the authorities. During the Indian troubles, the two 
brothers were enrolled in the militia, and probably took part in 
the fighting which occurred at that time. Like their father, they 
were devout and charitable, and were active members of the 
group which made Albany at that time the rival, if not the 
superior, of New York. 

The wife of Tunis was Sarah Schepmoes, a Dutch belle of the 
time. The wedding, which occurred in 1695, was one of the 
most notable social events of the year. The wealth and social 
position of the parties, the beauty of the bride, and the popularity 
of the groom brought together a very distinguished assemblage 
from all the settlements, even from Breuckelen and Staten Island. 
The wedding-feast, tradition says, was a seven days' talk. Be- 
side the luxuries in food and drink imported from the old coun- 
try, there was an unusual supply of game, which had been 
purchased from the Indians, or had been contributed by the 
redmen and hunters. It lasted two days, during which time 
every friend and neighbor was expected to come and help him- 
self. In middle age, Tunis removed to Kingston, which he made 
his permanent home. 

In the third generation, the great personality was Christoffel, 
who was born in Albany, but whose life is identified with King- 
ston, the whilom capital of the Empire State. He re- 

• 1 „ 1 • ,. , , Christoffel 

ceived an excellent education as well as a handsome 
patrimony from his father, Tunis, and on the latter's death 

1 66 happen 

inherited the larger part of the paternal estate. He married Cor- 
nelia Vas or Vos, a handsome heiress, by whom he had a large 
family of vigorous and able children. Upon his farm he built a 
fine homestead, where he entertained generously. He held many 
minor offices, both in the public service and church administration. 
In the fourth generation, Christopher the patriot was the 
leading figure. A man of marked ability, he became prominent 
Christopher iu early life, and during a long career held many offices 
the Patriot ^j- j^Qj^gr aud importance. Chief of these was mem- 
bership in the First, Third, and Fourth Provincial Congresses, 
where he took strong grounds in favor of colonial liberty and 
independence. He was a trustee of Kingston, speaker of the 
Board, a magistrate, and President of the Board of Magistrates. 
He was deputy county clerk from 1759 to 18 12 and county clerk 
from 18 12 to 182 1. His home was destroyed on the burning of 
Kingston by the British. At this juncture he displayed a gal- 
lantry and patriotism worthy of notice. When the attack began 
it was evident that there was no hope of successful resistance and 
there was barely enough time for the citizens to save their private 
property. Christopher had before him the alternative of preserv- 
ing either the public records or his own personal belongings, in- 
cluding family heirlooms, deeds, and other evidences of wealth. 
He did not hesitate a second, but took his own horses and 
wagons to the court-house and removed the public records in 
safety, leaving his home to the torch of the foe. After the evacu- 
ation he rebuilt the family home, constructing it of stone and 
brick, and making it as fire-proof as the resources of that century 
would permit. Here he kept open house, as had been the habit 
of his father and grandfather. The mansion was the favorite 
resting-place of Governor George Clinton, who was Christopher's 
brother-in-law, as well as of the State and national leaders. 
Catey, a sister of Christopher, married Gilbert Livingston. Dr. 
Peter, a younger brother, was a distinguished physi- 

Dr. Peter > J o » o r y 

cian, whose courtesy and attainments made him be- 
loved in private life, and whose bravery and patriotism during the 
Revolution made him an idol of the public. A letter is preserved 

ZEappcn 167 

from Gilbert Livingston to Dr. Peter, which gives in pleasant 
fashion an account of the year 1775: 

"New York, June 29, 1775. 

( ( 

Dear Brother — You will see by the warrants who are nomi- 
nated officers for your County; it is very likely we shall raise an 
additional number of troops beside the three thousand now raised. 
We expect all diligence will be used in Recruiting, that the regi- 
ments may be formed immediately. Last Saturday about two 
o'clock the Gens. Washington, Lee and Schuyler arrived here; 
they crossed the North River at Hoback and landed at Col, 
Lispenards. There were eight or ten companies under arms all 
in uniforms who marched out to Lispenards, the procession began 
from there thus, the Companies first. Congress next, two of Con- 
tinental Congress next, general officers next and a company of 
horse from Philadelphia who came with the General brought up 
the rear : there were innumerable Company of people, Men, Wo- 
men and Children present. In the evening Gov. Tryon landed 
as in the newspapers. I walked with my friend George Clinton, 
all the way to Lispenards, who is now gone home. 1 am very 
well, hope all friends so. The Tories Catey writes are as violent 
as ever, poor insignificant souls, who think themselves of great 
importance. The Times will soon show 1 fancy that they must 
quit their Wicked tenets at least in pretense and show fair, Let 
their hearts be black as Hell. Go on, be spirited and I doubt not 
success will crown our Honest endeavors for the support of our 
just rights and privileges." 

Cornelia, another sister of Christopher, married Governor 
George Clinton, so that the family in this generation became allied 
with the two houses of Livingston and Clinton, then the great 
war leaders of the State. 

Two sons in the fifth generation continued the prestige of 
their name. Christopher, Jr., the lawyer, was a man Christopher, 
of marked ability and oratorical and literary power. J""'*"" 

He married Cornelia Kiersted. 

1 68 ZTappen 

More conspicuous was John [1766]. He received a good 
education, studied law, and was admitted to the bar. His tastes 
John were literary and journalistic, rather than forensic, and 

the Editor i^Q began contributing to the press even before he at- 
tained his majority. He entered journalism, and became a popular 
and influential editor. His best-remembered work was done while 
he was editor and proprietor of the Plebeian, which afterwards 
became the Ulster Gazette. The paper was, anti-Federalist, and 
through its epigrammatic and argumentative power exerted great 
influence upon the political arena in the early part of the nine- 
teenth century. 

Colonel Charles Barclay [1796] represented the sixth genera- 
tion. He was a son of John, the editor, and was an artist by taste 
Colonel ^nd an architect by profession. Intensely patriotic, he 
Charles B. voluuteered in the War of 1812, and served with great 
gallantry throughout the conflict. After the war his military in- 
stinct kept him in touch with the militia, and in 1833 he was 
made Colonel of the Two Hundred and Thirty-sixth Regiment of 
the National Guard of New York State. He was deeply interested 
in the development of New York City, of which many of the finest 
buildings were the products of his brain. From 1835 to 1838 he 
was the City Superintendent of Repairs, a post equivalent to a 
modern municipal department of public works. He was happily 
married and had a numerous family. He lived to the extraordi- 
nary age of ninety-seven, and left behind him eleven children and 
more than thirty grandchildren and great-grandchildren. 

Here belongs the famous educator. Rev. Henry Philip [1805]. 
Graduated from Union (1825), he entered Auburn Theological 
Seminary, where he took orders in 1827. Five years later, he ac- 
cepted the chair of moral philosophy in the University of New 
York City. In 1852, he was elected the first chancellor of the Uni- 
versity of Michigan, which he held for eleven years, during which 
he made that institution famous for its efficiency and excellence. 
He was a strong and fluent writer, contributing to the periodical 
press and publishing at least seven books of more than ephemeral 

happen 169 

Of the seventh generation, Frederick D. ' [1829] is the head. 
He was educated at the Columbia Grammar School and the New 
York University (1849). Attracted by financial science, Frederick d. 
he began his career in the National Bank of New York, ^^^ p'°=^°c'" 
which afterwards became the Gallatin National Bank. In 1857, 
he rose to be cashier, and in 1868 president, which position he 
has held ever since, being probably the oldest of the great 
bankers of the nation. He is one of the few Americans who, 
beside mastering ordinary banking, have attained renown in the 
fields of high finance. His ability in this direction has given him 
national and international fame. In times of commercial panic or 
general depression, he has been instrumental in steering the ship 
of credit through the shoals of adversity. 

In the panics of 1873, 1884, 1890, 1893, and 1901 he was a 
leader in the movement of the great banks which checked the 
headlong fall of prices in Wall Street, and prevented the forced 
insolvency of hundreds and even thousands of responsible busi- 
ness concerns. He has the confidence of the banking world and 
of the vast business community which depends upon banks for 
the transaction of the enormous trade of the United States, in 
honor of his services in this field the great banks of New York 
presented to him, as a token of affection and esteem, a silver 
tankard which in itself was an epitome of financial history. 
It was made more than two hundred years ago, and was first 
presented to Sir John Houblon, Lord Mayor of London, and 
first Governor of the Bank of England, who, in a monetary crisis 
in 1693, took such prompt and decisive measures as to restore 
confidence to the business world and end disasters which were 

' Frederick D. Tappen passed away in March, 1902. In his death the banking world lost one of 
its leading figures. His funeral was attended by representatives of nearly all of the financial interests 
of the metropolis and a public meeting of the bankers of the city was held at the clearing-house on 
Cedar Street to honor his memory. 

Addresses, describing and commending his life-long services, were delivered by George G. Wil- 
liams, president of the Chemical National Bank, J. Edward Simmons, president of the Fourth National 
Bank, Joseph C. Hendrix, president of the National Bank of Commerce, Thomas L. James, president of the 
Lincoln National Bank, Alexander Gilbert, president of the Market and Fulton banks, and Vice-President 
Hepburn of the Chase National Bank. 

Nearly all of the banks of the city half-masted their flags, and similar action was taken by bankers 
in other cities of the Union. 

1 70 happen 

threatening British credit, both public and private. Upon it is an 
inscription which tells in quaint language the story of that famous 
year. In the course of the centuries this tankard passed from 
the hands of the family, which is now believed to be extinct, 
and came into the possession of a New York collector of antiques. 
From him it was secured by Mr. Tappen's colleagues and pre- 
sented to him just two hundred years after its first presentation 
for exactly similar reasons. 

Mr. Tappen has been President of the Clearing-house Associ- 
ation twice, Vice-President of the Metropolitan Trust Company, 
a director of the Astor National Bank and Queen Insurance Com- 
pany, and a trustee of the Royal Insurance Company. He 
married Sarah A. B. Littell. 

The Tappens of New York have been characterized from the 
first by vigor, executive ability, and conservative patriotism. 
The founder was one of the greatest real-estate operators of his 
period, and the present head, seven generations afterwards, is 
one of the leaders of the financial world. The intervening links 
have been men of similar tastes and tendencies. They have 
cared little for the pomp and glory of life, but have possessed a 
deep faith in the great gospel of work, and the fruits of their 
labor have usually been dispensed in the forms of hospitality, 
philanthropy, and charity. 

Dan B u r e n 



Martin l^an Buren 

From a steel engraving 


^HEN the patroons had secured the 
magnificent grants of virgin territory 
which, according to their hopes and 
ambitions, were to become populous 
and opulent feudal estates in years 
to be, their first care was to obtain 
settlers in the Old World to consti- 
tute a vassal yeomanry in the New. 
According to the means, the influ- 
ence, or ability of these landed pro- 
prietors, or their agents, were the 
numbers and quality of the colonists 
whom they thus secured. While nearly all of those who 
crossed the sea in the middle of the seventeenth century 
were of the same general class, namely, vigorous and intelli- 
gent peasantry or artisans, there was considerable difference in 
their character and accomplishments. They varied from stern, 
religious, and energetic Scotch and Huguenots, to easy-going and 
unambitious Dutch farmers. It must be said that nearly all of 
the tenantry were admirable morally. In many cases, we know 
that they were certified to by their pastors at home; in other 
instances, we find allusions in the archives to instructions to 
agents to secure agriculturists of probity and good name. 
Further evidence is shown by the infrequency of crime and vice 
in the early Knickerbocker years. 


174 ^an Burcn 

In this respect, the Dutch West India Company and the 
patroons are entitled to the gratitude of prosperity. In securing 
good men and women, they builded better than they knew, and 
assured to the new community beyond the ocean a moral, men- 
tal, and physical strength which is seldom found in colonies, 
based more or less upon commercial considerations. Here 
Kiliaen Van Rensselaer is entitled to special consideration. He 
appears to have taken greater precautions in the selection of his 
tenants than any other of the leading men of the time. As far as 
possible, he chose young men, especially young married men. 
He had an eye for the future as well as for the present. 

Cornelius ^ 

Maessenthe Amoug his colouists was Comelius Maessen, who 
emigrated from Buren, a village in the western part of 
Gelderland, lying a few miles from the River Rhine. 

Unfortunately, the records do not show whether he was a 
native of the place. At that time such names as Van Buren were 
not family names in our sense of the word, but adjective phrases, 
indicating nativity or accidental or legal connection with a place. 
Cornelius himself did not use the name Van Buren, so far as is 
known, but signed himself Cornelius Maessen, which in English 
would be Cornelius, the son of Maes. It was his son, Martin, 
who seems to have first used the geographical name, and who 
signed himself Martin, or Marten, Cornelissen Van Beuren. 

The founder sailed from the Netherlands in 1631, bringing 
with him a young wife, Catalyntje Martense, and a son. Marten, 
or Martin, who, according to an ancient legal document, was 
born in Houten, a village not far from Buren. On the voyage a 
second son, Hendrick, was born. This f:ict he used in later life 
to claim the honor of being the first Dutchman born in the New 
World. The family came over in the stout craft Rensselaerswyck, 
which, as the name indicates, was employed by the great patroon 
for the transportation of his tenants, servants, and supplies. 

On reaching the New World, he stopped a brief time at New 
Amsterdam, where probably he looked with amazement at the 
funny little fort which Governor Pieter Minuit had improved, and 
at the wigwams which were to be found a short distance from the 

IDan Buren 175 

settlement. He proceeded up the river to a point a little below 
Greenbush, which was then known as Papsknee. Here he 
settled on a farm leased from Kiliaen Van Rensselaer. The few 
glimpses which the student is able to obtain of this period show 
a wise administration on the part of the patroon. He charged 
little or nothing for bringing over the colonists, and when they 
settled upon his land, he gave them all the necessary supplies 
and aided them in clearing the soil and making a home. In 
return, he asked one-tenth of the product of the soil and a quasi- 
feudal allegiance to him in his capacity as patroon. Compared 
with the Factor's Agreements of the Southern States, where the 
landlord and tenant divide the produce of the land equally, or those 
of the West, where the owner takes one-third and the tenant two- 
thirds, Kiliaen's system seems to have been singularly generous. 

Cornells was not a poor farmer, like many of the emigrants 
of his time. He brought with him some property and a man- 
servant or farm-hand, Cornells Teunissen, who afterwards be- 
came a trader and commissary. The career of the first Van Buren 
was quiet and uneventful. His land was fertile, and under his 
management yielded large crops. One year the records show 
that he paid a tithe-rent of one hundred bushels of grain and a 
small amount of garden produce, which would indicate a total 
crop of over one thousand bushels of grain alone. He invested 
his money in real estate, one tract of which was a farm on the 
Island of Manhattan, next to the land belonging to Governor 
Wouter Van Twiller. His farm lay between Christopher and 
Fourteenth streets, and ran from a line west of Broadway down 
to the North River. Cornells left four sons and one daughter. 
The latter married Dirck Wesselse (Ten Broeck), merchant, who 
afterwards became Recorder and Mayor of Albany, and a major 
in Colonel Pieter Schuyler's famous regiment. 

One of the sons, Maes, for some unknown reason, adopted 
the family name of Bloemingdael, which probably M^es 

represented the poetic title of his farm. From him sioemingdaei 
comes the Bloomingdale family of New York, who genealogically 
are Van Burens. 

176 IDan Buren 

Martin [1629] was a substantial citizen, who, after he came 
of age, settled at Albany. He was active in local affairs, and in 
ca tain ' 1^ ^^^ Captain of a military company in Colonel Pieter 
Martin Schuylcr's regiment. He married twice: first, Maritje 

Quackenbosch, and, second, Tanneke Adams, widow. He was 
the ancestor of the President. 

Hendrick[i6}i] remained in the neighborhood of the paternal 
home. He was a rich farmer and a devout member of the Dutch 
Hendrick Reformed Church. During the Indian outbreak of 1663 
the Devout ^g proved himself a brave soldier. He died leaving five 

The third generation found the family well established at 
Albany, near Greenbush. Cornelius, son of Martin, married 
Martin Ariaautjc Gerritse Vandenberg, by whom he had one 

the Deacon ggu. Comelia, his sister, married Robert Teunise Van 
Deusen, who was the head of the family of that name. Peter 
married Ariaantje Barentse Meindersen. Martin, the most promi- 
nent figure of this generation, was a freeholder of Rensselaerwyck 
in 1720, and a leading member of the Dutch Church in Albany. 
He was twice married. 

The fourth generation repeated the experience of the third. 
The Van Burens grew in numbers, influence, and wealth. Among 
the more conspicuous members were the following: Tobias [1690], 
son of Cornelius, who became the ancestor of the Ulster County 
branch ; he inherited a fortune from his father and a small estate 
from his grandfather, Martin. Marritje [1701], daughter of Martin, 
married Johannes Vosburgh, a prominent member of the family of 
that name. Barent [1702], her brother, was a wealthy farmer, 
Barent who married twice: first, Margrietje Van Vechten, and, 

the Wealthy gecoud, Mrs. Catalyntje Van Buren Schermerhorn, and 
had issue by both. Martin [1705], another brother, married The- 
notje Vanderberg. Tobias [17 10] married Marritje Hun, by whom 
he had one son. Other sons of Martin in this generation by his 
second wife, Maria Vandenberg, were Petrus [1723], who married 
Marritje Vanderpoel; Johannes, or John [1725], who married Mar- 
ritje Briesch ; Benjamin [1731], who married Cornelia Salisbury; 

IDan Buren 177 

Tobias [1737], who married Catalyntje Witbeck. The children 
of Peter in this generation were Cornelius [1693], who married 
Maria Litner; Barent [1695], who married Maria Winne, and 
Tobias [1697], who married Anna Goes or Hoes. 

In the fifth generation several members are noteworthy. 
Peter [1733], son of Martin, married Catharine Quackenbosch. 
They had a large plantation near Kinderhook, and were the god- 
parents of President Van Buren. Abraham [1737] mar- captain 
ried Maria Goes Van Alen. They are best known as Abraham 
the parents of the President. Abraham was a fine type of a revo- 
lutionary patriot. He was a strong advocate of popular rights be- 
fore the Revolution, and upon the breaking out of hostilities was 
among the first, if not the first in Kinderhook, to enlist under the 
colonial banners. He rose to be a captain in the regiment com- 
manded by Colonel Abraham Van Alstyne, a maternal relative. 

Of the sixth generation, the most eminent was Martin [1782], 
eighth President of the United States. A remarkable memory, 
great physical and mental vigor, and infinite patience Martin 

combined to make him successful in life. He took ad- ^^^ President 
vantage of such educational facilities as were to be found in 
Columbia County in the latter part of the eighteenth century, and 
began to read law when a boy of fourteen years. He worked 
tirelessly for seven years, serving as office-boy, messenger, clerk, 
copyist, practitioner in constables' courts, and collector. 

In the evening he spent his time at debating clubs, and before 
he attained his majority had become noted for his logical power 
as well as eloquence. He displayed a love for politics from youth, 
and at eighteen was a member of a political convention. He was 
admitted to the bar when coming of age, and opened a law office 
at Kinderhook with his half-brother, James I. Van Alen. The 
same year he was a vigorous speaker in the gubernatorial cam- 
paign, and had the satisfaction of seeing his candidate. General 
Morgan Lewis, elected to the executive chair. He at once became 
prominent in State politics; in 1807, he was a leader of the move- 
ment in favor of Daniel D. Tompkins against his former friend, 
Lewis, and was again with the victors. Shortly afterward, as a 

VOL. II.— 12. 

178 IDan Buren 

reward for his services, he was appointed Surrogate of Columbia 
County by Governor Tompkins, displacing his half-brother, who 
belonged to the Lewis faction. In 1813, the balance of power 
shifted, and Van Men replaced him in turn. 

By 181 1, he had become one of the State leaders of his party, 
and the following year he was elected to the Senate as a Clinton 
Republican, defeating Edward P. Livingston, who was supposed 
to be invincible. In 1815, the Attorney-Generalship was awarded 
to him, and the following year he was re-elected to the Senate. 
He removed to Albany, where he formed a partnership with Ben- 
jamin F. Butler, in the same twelve-month he made himself a 
foremost advocate of the Erie Canal. Politics at this period was in 
a chaotic state, the main parties being broken up into factions, 
which were more bitter toward one another than toward the 
opposition. Yet, out of these conditions, with a masterly skill 
for organization, Martin so manipulated personal and political 
forces that in 182 1 he was elected to the United States Senate, 
being only thirty-nine years of age. 

His course at the Federal capital was marked with the same 
tact and shrewdness as at Albany. He seemed to divine what 
the people wanted, and was in nearly every instance at the 
head of each successful measure. He had the rare genius of 
knowing when to keep silent. Re-elected to the Senate in 1827, 
he resigned to become Governor of New York in 1828. The 
same year he was the most distinguished advocate of General 
Andrew Jackson, who, when elected, made the New York 
diplomat his Secretary of State. In 1832 he was elected Vice- 
President, and as such was President of the Senate. Here he 
astonished his enemies by displaying imperturbable suavity and 
absolute fairness, treating friend and foe with equal considera- 
tion. In 1836, he was elected President of the United States. 
In this campaign may be seen the best evidence of his matchless 
craft. He was championed in the South as " a Northern man 
with Southern principles," while in the North he was heralded 
as "the apostle of progress and enlightenment." in 1840, he 
was renominated, but his star was now descendant. General Harri- 

IDan Buren 179 

son being elected by an electoral vote of almost four to one. 
During the forty years after his retirement, he took a deep inter- 
est in public affairs, and exerted an appreciable influence upon 
the policy of his party, if not of the nation. He married Hannah 
Hoes, a kinswoman of his mother, by whom he had four 

John Dash, the merchant [181 1], was graduated from Co- 
lumbia (1829), became a lawyer, and afterwards a successful 
importer. He retired from business when about forty john Dash, 
with a large fortune, and led a life of study, in which Financier 
he paid great attention to political topics, financial legislation, 
and the theories of taxation. He was one of the first to enunci- 
ate the modern theories of currency and to argue for a gold 
basis for all money. Lawrence [1783], a brother of Major 

the President, was a Kinderhook farmer, who, during Lawrence 
the War of 18 12, won distinction as a soldier and rose to be 
a major. 

In the seventh generation the chief personage was Abraham 
[1807], son of the President. He was graduated from the United 
States Military Academy at West Point (1827), and made an 
enviable record as a soldier. He resigned in 1837 to become the 
President's secretary, but took up arms during the coionei 
Mexican War, where he was brevetted for bravery. Abraham 
He married Angelica Singleton of South Carolina, who acted as 
mistress of the White House during her father-in-law's Ad- 

John [iSio], another son of the President, better known as 
" Prince John," from his manners and appearance, was graduated 
from Yale (1828), and admitted to the bar in 1830. A 

^ ^ ' ^ Prince John 

year afterwards he was attache of the United States 
Legation at the Court of St. James, and Attorney-General of 
New York State in 1845. Eminent as a lawyer, orator, and 
politician, he was also a society leader up to the time of his 
death. He married Elizabeth Vanderpoel, by whom he had one 

John Dash, Jr. [1838], was educated at Harvard and the 

i8o IDan Buren 

Rensselaer Polytechnic. He entered the Engineer Corps of 
johnD. II., the United States Navy in the Civil War, and served 
Engineer jp, ^[^^^ branch of the service until 1868. In 1876, he 
was State Engineer and Surveyor. He has written many valu- 
able works upon mechanical science and other technical topics. 

Robert [1843], son of John A., was graduated from the Rens- 
selaer Polytechnic (1864) with honors. He served as an expert 
Robert, mining engineer in the Lake Superior copper district, 
Engineer ^^^j jp ,g^^ entered the service of the city of Brooklyn 
as assistant engineer of the water works. In 1877, he became 
chief engineer, which position he still holds. 

The eighth generation was well represented by Singleton 
[1840], who was graduated from Columbia Law School (1865) 
and died in 1879; Frank Roe, who was graduated from Columbia 
College (1863) and thereafter received the degree of A.M. ; Martin, 
who was graduated from Columbia College (1866); and Howard, 
who was graduated from Columbia Law School in 1878 and 
settled in Nyack, "N. Y. 

The Van Burens, outside of their great son, Martin, may be 
compared with many other Knickerbocker families, being marked 
by the same probity, thrift, patriotism, piety, and valor. Martin 
was a singular blossom of his race. He was one of the greatest 
politicians the United States ever produced, and understood the 
difficult art of managing human beings so well that he may 
be classed with such historical personages as Richelieu and Maz- 
zini, but, unlike these great masters, he does not seem to have 
had any high ideal or master passion, unless it were the love 
of power or the aggrandizement of self To him more than to 
any other political leader, belongs the onus of having made the 
doctrine of "to the victors belong the spoils " an organic part of 
the American political system. Careless writers have charged 
it to General Jackson. It was, of course, applied on a large scale 
during the latter's Administration, but the real actor was the 
keen-eyed intellectual Secretary of State, and not the bluff, big- 
hearted President. Beneath his graceful tact there was much 
fun and sterling humor. His best bon mot was that which tradi- 

\Dan Buren i8i 

tion says he delivered to Queen Adelaide at a royal reception 
at the Court of St. James. She had the tactlessness to ask 
him how far back he could trace his ancestry. He bowed with 
the grace of a courtier as he responded : "As far back as Kin- 
derhook, your Majesty." 

\t)an Cortlanbt 


Pierre J/an Cortlandt 

From the painting by J. IV. Jarvis 



^HE sixteenth century was a period 
of disorder in Europe. Beside the 
religious and dynastic disturbances 
in the West, there were national 
and political struggles in the East. 
Sweden, Russia, Poland, Livonia, and 
the smaller principalities were con- 
stantly at war and undergoing the 
ravages of hostile armies. The Duchy 
of Courland was at one time a por- 
tion of Livonia, and enjoyed a semi- 
autonomous constitution. In 1561, it 
was ceded to Lithuania, and thereafter it became a part of Poland 
by the amalgamation of this kingdom with the former. 

The population was a mixture of Letts, Russians, Lithuanians, 
Poles, Germans, and Scandinavians. Racially, it was Slav, 
Teuton, and Norseman. The people were brave, intelligent, and 
progressive, but bound by feudal customs and laws, necessitated 
by their surroundings. The Courland Dukes were on friendly 
terms with the Netherlands and frequently exchanged courtesies 
with the latter land in times of both peace and war. They had 
representatives equivalent to the consuls of to-day at the Dutch 
capital and leading cities. These were either relatives of the 
Ducal family, or gentlemen of their court. Unlike consuls, they 

had a quasi-military character, corresponding to the military 


1 86 IDan Cortlanbt 

attaches of the present age. Frequently these representatives 
Right Hon. became attached to the land to which they were ac- 
steven credited, and settled there permanently. One of this 

type was the Right Honorable Steven Van Cortlandt. 

The name Van Cortlandt was the Dutch equivalent of Cour- 
land, referring to the land which Steven or his ancestor represented, 
oioffthe Steven's oldest son, Oloff Stevense, was brought up 
Founder Qg ^ gentleman of the period, and thoroughly trained in 
the profession of arms. When a young man he had become so 
expert a soldier that when he applied for service in the Dutch 
West India Company, he was engaged as an officer. In 1638, he 
was detailed to accompany Governor William Kieft, who had been 
appointed to succeed Wouter Van Twiller in the administration of 
the government of the New Netherlands. He arrived in New 
Amsterdam in March of that year, and in the following year was 
appointed "commissary of cargoes," or collector of customs. 
Four years afterwards he was made Keeper of the Public Stores, 
one of the most responsible posts of that time. In 1648, he re- 
signed his office, became a freeman of the city, and began busi- 
ness as a merchant and brewer. 

in both callings he was remarkably successful, becoming 
before he died one of the wealthiest men on Manhattan Island. 
His military knowledge was so great that in 1849 he was elected 
Colonel of the City Guard, in 1 645, he had been appointed one of 
the "Eight Men "(or Town Council), and, in 1649, one of the "Nine 
Men." in 1654, he was made schepen, and in 1655 Burgo- 
master or Mayor. He remained chief magistrate until the English 
conquest in 1664. His high abilities soon gained him the respect 
and confidence of the English Government, for which he acted as 
councillor and advisor up to his death in 1684. He married Annetje 
Loockermanns, by whom he had two sons and five daughters. 

The two sons inherited their father's civic and commercial 
talents. Stephanus, the elder [1643], was the most eminent man 
Judge of the province after it had become English territory, 

stephanus |^g ^^^^5 educated by the learned clergymen of New 
Amsterdam, and when he came of age was a fine scholar and a 

Dan Cortlanbt 187 

capable merchant. From this time on until his death his career 
was busy and brilliant. Among the positions he held were those 
of Judge, Ensign (i5o8), Captain, Colonel, Mayor (1677), Privy 
Councillor, Chief Justice, Judge of the Court of Common Pleas, 
Justice of the Supreme Court, Commissioner of Revenue, Deputy 
Auditor-General, and Deputy-Secretary of New York. The for- 
tune which he inherited he increased by his own exertions, and 
invested it in real estate. In 168}, he bought 8}, 000 acres on the 
east side of the Hudson, which in 1697 was erected into the lord- 
ship and manor of Cortlandt. He also purchased great holdings 
on the west side of the Hudson, on Long Island, and in Sussex 
County, N. J. 

At the time of his death he must have been seized of more 
than two hundred thousand acres, valued at over a million dollars. 
Upon the manor his son Johannes built a fort which 


was converted into a dwelling-house by Stephanus. 
The walls were of stone, nearly three feet thick, pierced with 
loop-holes for fire-arms. It stood near the mouth of the Croton 
River and has been the centre of social and intellectual life from 
that time to the present day. It is still in the possession of the 
founder's descendants. Stephanus married Gertrude Schuyler, by 
whom he had fourteen children. Five of his daughters made 
brilliant marriages, and became the maternal heads of many dis- 
tinguished families: Anne wedding Stephen de Lancey; Margaret, 
Samuel Bayard; Maria, Killian Van Rensselaer; Gertrude, Henry 
Beekman, and Cornelia, Colonel John Schuyler. 

Jacobus [1658], the youngest son of the founder, was a New 
York merchant and man of affairs. He had an estate at Yonkers, 
which was continuously held by his descendants until jacobus the 
1889, when it was purchased by the City of New York Merchant 
for public purposes, and appropriately named "Van Cortlandt 
Park." He was Alderman, Assemblyman, and, in 17 19, Mayor of 
the City of New York. He owned a large estate at Bedford, 
Westchester County, of which a portion descended to John Jay, 
who built upon it a handsome mansion. Jacobus married Eva 
Philipse, by whom he had one son, Frederick [1698]. 

1 88 IPan Cortlan&t 

Three sons in the third generation were famous. Johannes, 
oldest son of Stephanus, married Anne Sophia Van Schaack, by 
whom he had a daughter, Gertrude, who married Philip Ver 
Plank. Johannes was a merchant and landed proprietor and active 
in benevolent work. 

Philip [1683], the third son of Stephanus, was prom.inent in 
mercantile and public life. He was made a Councillor of the 
Philip the Province by Governor Montgomerie in 1730, which 
Councillor officc he retained until his death, in 1746. He was 
made a Commissioner for the Crown in nearly all the important 
issues of his time. His wife was Catherine de Peyster, by whom 
he had five sons and one daughter. 

Frederick [1698], the son of Jacobus, was a man of great 
promise, who died in early manhood. According to the records, 
he was winning, learned, charitable, and devout. He married 
Frances Jay, by whom he had two sons. 

In the fourth generation occurred the American Revolution, 
a political event of such far-reaching power that it turned father 
against son and brother against brother. Nearly all the old 
families of the State were affected, and among them the Van 

Stephen [1710J, the oldest of the family, was marked by 
strong Royalist tendencies, which he transmitted to his children. 
Colonel He married Mary Walton Ricketts, by whom he had 
Stephen ^wo SOUS, Philip and William Ricketts. Of these, 
Philip [1739] became a British soldier, rising to the rank of 
colonel. He married Catherine, daughter of Jacob Ogden, by 
whom he had twenty-three children. Five of his sons joined the 
British Army. 

Pierre [172 1], the youngest son of Philip, inherited the 
manor, and early in life became prominent in the province. He 
Pierre the served scveu years in the Assembly, and while there 
Lieutenant- was au eloQueut and dauntless advocate for the rights 
of his people against those of the Crown. He was a 
member of the Provincial Convention, Council of Safety, and the 
Provincial Congress. When the province of New York organized 

Dan Cortlanbt 189 

its own State Government in 1777, he was chosen Lieutenant- 
Governor, and held that office for eighteen years. He could 
have been re-elected, but declined on the score of age and ill- 
health. He presided at the Convention which formed the first 
State Constitution, and in every way stamped himself upon the 
political and social events of the time. 

Pierre's course must have been difficult and painful. His 
favorite nephew, the head of the family, was an officer in the 
British Army, and many of his friends and relatives were enthusi- 
astic Royalists. Their influence and that of many of the society 
leaders of the time were brought to bear upon Van Cortlandt to 
induce him to change his political views. In 1774, Governor 
William Tryon went from New York to Croton to call upon the 
" rebel Van Cortlandts," as they were then termed, Pierre having 
just been elected to the Colonial Assembly, and his son Philip 
having just completed his professional studies. To the former 
the Governor offered large grants of land and a probable title; 
to the latter, a commission as major in the royal army. Both 
father and son refused the offers, and Tryon returned disap- 
pointed to New York. 

During the war Pierre entertained Washington, Franklin, 
Lafayette, Rochambeau, and other generals at the Manor-house; 
when the place was threatened by the British Army in New York, 
he removed his wife and children to one of the Livingston farms 
at Rhinebeck. The stout-hearted commoner was acting-marshal 
of the " Equestrian Provincial Congress." This body, during the 
Revolution, was frequently obliged to change quarters, and made 
the necessary journey upon horseback. Several times while 
marching they received dispatches from General Washington re- 
quiring official action. The bugler would sound halt; they 
would wheel their horses into a hollow square; there put 
through legislation in approved parliamentary style, and an- 
nounce adjournment by the bugle call, when they would 
break into fours and proceed on their way. Pierre married 
Joanna Livingston, his second cousin, by whom he had eight 

I go IPan Cortlanbt 

The two sons of Frederick, of the junior branch, were Colonel 
James, the patriot, and Augustus, the loyalist. Colonel James 
Col. James was a bluff, kind-hearted land-owner, who was as gen- 
the Patriot ^jg jn peacc as he was terrible in war. He was idolized 
by the people of his district, especially by the poor, in whom he 
Augustus the took a paternal interest. He married Elizabeth Cuyler. 
Bookworm Augustus was a student and bookworm, who in early 
manhood became a clerk of the Common Council of New York 
City, and held that office for many years. At the outbreak of the 
Revolution he foresaw the chaotic conditions that were to ensue, 
and to preserve the city records he built, upon his own responsi- 
bility, and at his own expense, a great vault, in his own garden, of 
stone and brick, laid in cement so as to be water- and air-tight. 
To this he removed three cart-loads of official documents, and 
kept them unharmed during the war, and returned them in excel- 
lent condition after peace was declared in 1783. Of him a wit 
of the time said: " While other men were quarrelling about their 
duty to liberty and to the King, August Van Cortlandt saw only 
his duty to his books." He married Helen Barclay, by whom he 
had two daughters. 

In the fifth generation two of the sons of Lieutenant-Governor 
Pierre rose to prominence: General Philip [1749] and Pierre II. 
[1762]. Philip enlisted in the American Army in 1775, 
when he was commissioned lieutenant-colonel. The 
following year he was made colonel, and for his brilliant services 
during the Revolution a brigadier-general. He took part in the 
two decisive battles of the struggle, Saratoga and Yorktown, wit- 
nessing the surrender of Burgoyne at the one and of Cornwallis at 
the other. 

His greatest exploit was the part he played in the Indian cam- 
paign in 1779. For this style of fighting, so different from that 
which prevailed among civilized people, he seemed to have an 
especial genius. For days he could remain with scarcely any 
sleep or food. He was a wonderful shot, and possessed a singular 
knowledge of woodcraft. He either knew or divined Indian 
strategy, and before he had been in the Indian territory thirty days 

\Dan Cortlan^t 191 

was called by the redskins " The Great White Devil." Strangely 
enough, among the Indians he fought and routed were levies 
which had been brought from the far West by his cousin, Colonel 
De Peyster. Upon the return of peace he went into public life, 
and was successively Assemblyman, Senator, and Congressman 
from Westchester, holding the last office from 179} to 1809. He 
never married. 

Pierre, his brother, was graduated at Rutgers in 1783, studied 
law with Alexander Hamilton, but relinquished practice to attend 
to public affairs and the management of his property. Major-cen. 
He was Congressman, 1811-1812; Major-General of P'«"« 

militia, a Presidential elector for Jefferson in 1800, and for William 
Henry Harrison in 1840. He took a deep interest in local matters, 
and for fifteen years was President of the Westchester County 
Bank. He was strenuous in developing trade and manufactures in 
that county, and used his influence and wealth to favor that end. 
He married, first, Catherine, daughter of Governor George Clinton, 
and, second, Ann, daughter of John Stevenson, by whom he had 
one child, Pierre. 

Colonel Pierre [18 15], the head of the family in the sixth gen- 
eration, was a landed proprietor, a society leader, gifted with a 
splendid physique. During his long life of seventy 

1 ^ii • , • T^ r . Col. Pierre 

years he was one of the most prominent men in West- 
chester and Dutchess counties. He administered the Manor- 
house according to its traditions, and entertained nearly all the 
leading people of the county within its portals. He married 
Catharine, daughter of Dr. Theodoric Romeyn Beck, the founder 
of Medical Jurisprudence. The issue of this happy union com- 
prised Catharine Teresa Romeyn, who married the Rev. John 
Rutherford Mathews; Pierre Van Cortlandt, who died 1879; 
Romeyn Beck, who died 1843; Captain James Stevenson; Theo- 
doric Romeyn, who died in 1880; Ann Stevenson, and Philip, who 
died 1858. 

Captain James Stevenson [1843], the head of captain 
the seventh generation, inherited the patriotic character J*"^^ s. 
of his ancestors. At the breaking out of the Civil War, though 

192 IDan Cortlanbt 

but eighteen years of age, he volunteered, and served brilliantly 
through the entire conflict. He became aide-de-camp to General 
Corcoran, and afterwards served in the Nev/ York One Hundred 
and Fifty-fifth, and lastly in the "New York Tvv'enty-second Cavalry. 
He was with the last-named body during Sheridan's historical 
campaign. He was admitted to the Society of the Cincinnati in 
1885, upon the death of his father, Colonel Pierre. 

Catharine T. R. Van Cortlandt Mathews, who now occupies 
the Manor ferry-house, which is converted into a handsome 
home not far from the Manor-house, is an historical and gen- 
ealogical student of note, and has contributed largely, as did 
her mother, to the biographical literature of the State. She has 
preserved many relics of the race, some of which run back to 
Oloff, the founder in America. 

The Van Cortlandt family belongs to a rare type. From its 
foundation in the New Netherlands, it has owned great holdings 
of real estate and enjoyed the advantages of wealth, education, 
and social prestige. None of Its members have entered trade, 
and but a few have been merchants or professional men. They 
have produced many men of public affairs, of whom a majority 
have been statesmen of rare ability. Their lives have been de- 
voted to the management of estates, and to the performance of 
their duties as parents, citizens, and Christians. From the time 
of Oloff down, they have brought to the New World the finest 
products of European art, paintings, miniatures, jewels, tapestries, 
elegant furniture, marvellous products of the loom, beautiful ap- 
parel, fine books, the choicest glass, porcelain, and household 
decorations. These have served as object-lessons to a commu- 
nity, whose growing wealth required some directing influence to 
confine it to the channels of good taste, and prevented its de- 
parture into those of vulgar luxury and ostentatious display. 
With the material side of art has gone the spiritual side. They 
have cultivated noble literature, the best music, the finest man- 
ners, and the broadest religious thought. These admirable fea- 
tures of modern life can only be brought into a new community 
by those who have wealth and wisdom. In this respect, the 

IDan Cortlanbt 193 

Van Cortlandts hold a high place in the annals of the Empire 
State. While they may not have impressed themselves upon 
political life or high finance as other families have done, they 
certainly stand first in fostering the development of the civic and 
aesthetic side of "New York life. 

VOL. II.— 13. 

Dan Cott 



'MONG the early settlers of New Am- 
sterdam was Claes Cornelise Van 
Cott, who came to the New Nether- 
lands in i6s2. He belonged to North- 
ern Holland, the name being taken 
from the village of Cott or Catt, both 
forms being employed by the family, 
one branch of which has contracted 
it to Catt. Here for many genera- 
tions it had prospered, supplying 
numerous sons to the Dutch navies 
and armies. In the blood ran a strong 
love for adventure which, added to a superb physique, made them 
famous in that part of the country. Their maritime and martial 
prowess was theirs by descent, as the family originally had come 
from Scandinavia, where it had made its record among the fierce 
Vikings of the early centuries. 

The old Dutch records give the names of many Van Cotts 
in the rosters of its navies and armies, but in the latter part of the 
sixteenth and seventeenth centuries the only reference that has 
been found indicates that they were among the brave men that 
fought the Spanish rule, and that they gave many of their sons 
upon the altars of religious and political liberty. 

Claes crossed the ocean to New Amsterdam in 1652. He was 
a young man with but little money, his family having lost largely 


1 98 Dan Cott 

in the wars which preceded that time. He staid a few years on 
Manhattan Island and then crossed the East River to the village 
of Brooklyn and took up a large farm, which he worked, with 
more or less profit, until about 1680. Allured by convenience of 
access to New York, he removed to Bushwick, which he made 
his final residence and where he died about 1692. 

In the second generation, Cornelius, Jr., was the chief figure. 
After coming of age, he removed to Flushing, where he founded 
the Queens County branch of his race. His wife was Antie 
Sprung, a wealthy Dutch belle, who brought him an estate that, 
added to his own, made him a wealthy man. His brother Jan 
remained upon the paternal homestead and led the life of an 
industrious and thrifty farmer. 

In the third generation, Cornelius of Flushing was notable 
for his public spirit and enterprise. He was active in road build- 
ing and the development of local commerce. He perceived the 
future importance of Long Island Sound as a mercantile highway, 
and either owned or was interested in a number of sloops whose 
home port was Flushing, and which traded with New York, Con- 
necticut, and the eastern end of Long Island. Many offices of 
honor were held by him both in civil and ecclesiastical matters. 
He was a devout churchman and was famous for his charity and 
generous hospitality, 

David [1720], of the fourth generation, bore a substantial re- 
semblance to his distinguished uncle Cornelius. He was a farmer, 
trader, and public-spirited citizen. During the Revolution, he 
rendered many services to the Colonial armies and was one of 
the sturdy Dutch burghers who went down to defeat in the 
Battle of Long Island. The war destroyed his property, and 
the privations he endured broke down his constitution. He died 
a few years after the conclusion of peace. His wife was 
Nellie Praa. 

In the fifth generation, Cornelius was a busy and progres- 
sive agriculturist, and took a deep interest in local and national 
affairs. He was also a revolutionist, like his father, and was 
wounded by the British during the campaign of Long Island. 

Dan Cott 199 

At the conclusion of the war he returned to Brooklyn, where he 
passed the remainder of his days. He was popular in church 
circles, and his daughter Cornelia was the belle of Brooklyn in 
the latter part of the eighteenth century. She married John De- 
bevoise, the head of the Debevoise family. 

Gabriel [1780] was the chief member of the sixth generation. 
He received an excellent education and on reaching manhood's 
estate he gave up farming and went to Manhattan, where he 
entered commercial life. He was an excellent business man and 
built up a large trade and handsome fortune. He established 
business connections with different places in this country. Nova 
Scotia, New Brunswick, and Great Britain. A man of the highest 
honor himself, he gave almost unlimited credit to those with 
whom he was on friendly business relations. This worked very 
well in peace, but proved ruinous in time of war. The breaking 
out of the conflict with Great Britain in 18 12 taught him the 
stern lesson that private rights and obligations have little or no 
meaning when nations are engaged in fierce combat. What with 
the blockade and embargo, the refusal of correspondents to 
honor drafts or pay just debts, he saw his business destroyed and 
his fortune swept away. The worry and strain proved too much 
for him, and, with the little money he had remaining, he removed 
to Smithtown, Long Island, and there started a new career. 
There is something pathetic in his sense of duty. He labored 
long and well with only one ambition, and that was to pay off his 
own debts which had been contracted during, and prior to, 1812. 
With remarkable resolution, he toiled until this was accomplished, 
and thereafter accumulated enough to leave fortunes to his chil- 
dren, if credit is to be bestowed upon the Revolutionary Van 
Cotts, much more belongs to this stern, upright man, who con- 
secrated his life to the performance of what he regarded as a 
duty. Gabriel was twice married, the sons by his first wife 
being Richard [1805], Joshua [1815], and Cornelius, and by his 
second wife, Thomas and Gabriel. All of these reached manhood's 
estate, married, and had issue. Richard, the oldest, was a 
New York merchant who was prominent in the first half of the 

200 IDan Cott 

nineteenth century. His wife was Caroline Case, by whom he 
had four children. 

The leader of the generation was the Hon. Joshua M., who 
was educated in New York, and at Yale, and after graduation from 
that University was admitted to the bar. He made a specialty of 
Admiralty cases, in this important branch of the law, he became 
one of the great masters and was retained in many of the most im- 
portant litigations of his time. Though a man of great public spirit 
and a polished speaker, he cared little for office and refused many 
nominations and positions that were tendered to him by the polit- 
ical leaders of the State. The only exceptions he made to this 
rule were when he accepted the position of Corporation Counsel 
of Brooklyn, and again in 1868, when he was a Delegate-at-large 
to the Constitutional Convention. Up to his death, in 1896, he 
was a leader of the New York bar. 

The eighth generation produced many men of distinction. 
Of the main line, the leader was Hon. Cornelius [1838], at this 
writing Postmaster of New York. He was educated in the city 
schools and in early life took up the insurance business, where he 
rose quickly and became Vice-president of the /^tna Insurance 
Company. From 1859, when he came of age, he took an active 
part in public affairs, in 1873, he was made a member of the 
Board of Fire Commissioners, serving from 1873 to 1875, and from 
1879 to 1885; a larger part of the period being President of the 
Board. His administration should be long remembered by the 
many valuable reforms which he introduced; so progressive were 
his ideas that they aroused the antagonism of grasping property- 
owners and ultra-conservative citizens. His design of compelling 
the owners of all large buildings to use improved and convenient 
fire-escapes was emasculated by the politicians to the present 
unworthy system. He advocated larger and more numerous exits 
to the large stores, theatres, and churches, so as to prevent the 
blocking of people in a crisis or panic, which is usually produced 
by the outbreak of a conflagration, and insisted upon the prohibition 
of the ancient practice of having church and other doors which 
opened inward and were fastened during the hours of service. 

Dan Cott 201 

Nearly all of his propositions were adopted in the course of time 
and many of the new reforms of to-day are restatements of his 
suggestions made twenty-tive years ago. 

To him belongs the credit of having called attention to the 
danger of tire, lightning-stroke and accident from non-insulated or 
poorly insulated electric wires, and the peril as well as unsightli- 
ness of large telegraph poles in the great city. Within ten years 
after he officially called attention to these facts, the poles were 
removed, the wires buried and insulated so thoroughly that the 
conditions as to which he gave the alarm ceased to exist. In 1887, 
he was elected to the State Senate, where he made an enviable 
record. In 1889, he became Postmaster of New York. He served 
his term and was reappointed to the position, which he still holds. 
He married Fanny Thompson, by whom he had issue. 

Dr. Joshua Marsden [1861] was educated at the Brooklyn 
Polytechnic Institute and the Long Island College Hospital, 
being graduated from the latter institution in 1885, and receiving 
the position of interne upon graduation, in 1886, he was ap- 
pointed adjunct to the chair of histology and pathologic anatomy. 
in 1888 he went to Europe and studied under Professor Koch in 
bacteriology, and Professor Rudolph Virchow in general pathol- 
ogy. Upon finishing his studies, he visited all the important 
medical laboratories in Germany and Austria, the Pasteur histitute 
in Paris, and the Medical Institute of London. 

In 1 89 1, he was appointed to the chair of pathology at the 
Long Island College Hospital. Many distinguished medical and 
scientific societies claim him as a member, and in several he is an 
officer and leader. 

Alexander H. is a prominent member of the New York bar, 
and resides in Brooklyn. He is conspicuous in political and 
social circles and has served as Assistant District Attorney of 
King's County. 

David H., another brother, was a lawyer, litterateur, and a 
poet. He contributed freely to the press and had begun to make 
a name in the world of letters, when he was suddenly stricken by 
death. Other members of this generation were Thomas [1834], 

202 lt)an Cott 

Wickfield [1840], and Gabriel [1844], all of whom married and 
had issue. 

in the ninth generation Richard [1864], son of the Hon. Cor- 
nelius, took an active part in New York life. In 1897, he was 
elected to the Assembly, where he displayed rare ability and 
fidelity to duty. He married May Richardson, by whom he had 

Another member of this generation was Lincoln, who was 
graduated from Columbia in 1884 and entered the railway calling. 
He rose to be travelling auditor of the New York Central Railroad. 

The Van Cotts have been typical Knickerbockers of the dem- 
ocratic type. From the first, they have been opposed to privilege 
and in favor of liberty, and home rule. The first of the race in 
the New World, Claes Cornelise, was opposed to doughty Gov- 
ernor Stuyvesant and on the side of the patroons and merchants. 
In the Revolution the race was for the colonies and against the 
Crown. In 1812, they were on the side of the Republic, and dur- 
ing the Civil War the Hon. Joshua was one of the great leaders 
of the Union Republican organization. In their politics they have 
been nearly always identified with the more progressive of the 
parties, but within their own organization they have been allied 
rather to the conservative than the radical elements. Their motto 
has been progress, but never haste. They have manifested a sound 
mind in a sound body, and in law, medicine, politics, official life, 
agriculture, science, and commerce, have made their mark by patient 
energy and indomitable will power. The family has grown with 
the years, and is now well distributed in New York State, with 
branches in four other commonwealths. Though of Dutch an- 
cestry, they are Americans of the most pronounced type. 



-T^TTA:V7y ,, , y ... .. 

Cornelius l^andcrbilt 

From a steel engraving 

\ \> 




'HALF-CENTURY ago the railways of 
the United States were in the same 
condition as the coral polyp. They 
were a congeries of separate units — 
alive, but uncontrolled and unorgan- 
ized. To-day they may be com- 
pared to a highly developed mammal, 
so thoroughly correlated that each 
fibre of its being is in touch and 
sympathy with all the rest. This 
change from what Herbert Spencer 
would call heterogeneity to homo- 
geneity was, of course, unavoidable, and would have come about 
in due season, no matter who the men or what the forces that 
might have been involved in the operation. Had the metamor- 
phosis been slow, the country would be now in the same state 
as it was in 1875. The difference between existing conditions 
and those of a quarter-century ago are due to the swiftness of 
the transformation. In this evolution one man, Cornelius Van- 
derbilt, stands out above the rest like a giant in an ancient army 
of foot-soldiers. 

The Vanderbilts are of Dutch origin. The first of the race in 
this country was Jan Aertsen Van-der-bilt, a Holland farmer, who 
came to the New World in the first half of the seventeenth 

century, and who settled in the neighborhood of Brooklyn about 


2o6 IDanberMlt 

1650. As the name indicates, the family belonged originally to 
either the village of Bilt, a suburb of Utrecht, or the parish of Bilt 
in Frisia. Family names in old Holland were very different from 
those of the present time. The true patronymic of a man was 
the father's Christian name, with "sen" or "son" added to it. 
The name of the place to which the father belonged or the call- 
ing which he practised was descriptive or incidental, and not 

In the second generation the family divided, one of the sons 
removing from Brooklyn to New Dorp, Staten Island, in 1715. 
There was at that time a movement of population from Long 
Island to Staten Island, which is shown very clearly by the same 
family names appearing in the records of the two counties. The 
separation of the Vanderbilts was soon attended by religious dif- 
ferences, the New Dorp branch being converted to the Moravian 
Church. In this, the eighteenth century, both branches in- 
creased in numbers and prosperity. They were successful farm- 
ers and pursued industrious and godly lives. Their names are 
found in the old church records, and at times in the civil lists of 
the period. Here belong John and Jeremiah Vanderbilt, stalwart 
members of the Provincial Congress. 

In the fourth generation of the Moravian branch the leading 
„ ,. member was Cornelius Vanderbilt. Like his forbears, 

Cornelius, ' 

Father of the he was a farmer, tilling a large amount of land on 
the northeast side of Staten Island. His chief farm 
was near the Quarantine ground, and as early as 1780 he had 
established a ferry to New York. He started it in order to carry 
his own produce to the city markets. By degrees he built up a 
good business in carrying freight for his neighbors, and at last 
made it a daily enterprise, his stout sloop leaving his wharf in 
the morning and returning from the city early in the evening. 
Among his quiet neighbors he was looked upon as a prodigy of 
ability and wealth. Before middle age he had acquired a compe- 
tence, and when he died he left what was regarded as a fortune. 
He was blessed with a wife of remarkable wisdom and thrift. 
She took charge of the dairy, and probably the garden, and con- 

William H. Vanderbilt 

From a steel engraving 

\Dan5erbUt 207 

ducted business on her own account. She invested her profits 
wisely, and when she died, at the age of eighty-seven, she left 
$50,000. From her youth, tradition says, she was a leader of 
Staten Island society. According to the records of the time, she 
attended all the weddings, christenings, funerals, and other func- 
tions, and is everywhere alluded to as " kindly, generous, loving, 
and extremely wise." 

The characteristics of both husband and wife were trans- 
mitted to their son Cornelius, better known as "The Com- 
modore." Born in 1794, he was the oldest of a family comeiius 
of nine children. He was endowed with a superb thecom- 
physique, and from his boyhood was a champion in "" 

all out-door sports. He had an aversion to school and to books, 
and a hearty love for farming, sailing, driving, and travel. His 
dislike of study was doubtless due to the school system in New 
Dorp, which was of the most conservative and repressive nature. 
The children were obliged to sit erect and silent upon uncom- 
fortable wooden seats, and were punished rigorously for the 
slightest infraction of the rules. For a boy of superabundant 
health and strength, the schoolroom must have been a purgatory. 
At ten, the youth began to aid his father, and at twelve was a 
valued assistant. Before he was sixteen, he desired to go into 
business on his own account, and to become a boatman. Even 
here his common sense manifested itself. There were many 
watermen at the time, and he noticed that those who had the 
handsomest craft did the best business. He therefore applied to 
his mother for the loan of a hundred dollars with which to get 
the finest boat that he could secure. He made this request on 
the first day of May, 1810, twenty-six days before his birthday. 
His mother replied: " If by your birthday you plough, harrow, 
and plant with corn that lot (one of eight acres) 1 will advance 
you the money." 

It was seemingly an impossible job, but the boy was equal 
to the emergency. He called together all his juvenile friends, 
told them of the conditions of the task, and agreed that if they 
would help him he would give them sailing excursions in return. 

2o8 IDanberblU 

The youngsters were only too glad to accept the offer. They 
turned to, and for a fortnight that field was an ant-hill of boyish 
activity, every one working, and young Vanderbilt easily excel- 
ling all his companions. Not only was the work done, but in 
addition the boys removed every stone from the soil, and with 
them built a wall which is said to have increased the value of 
the property by $200. Young Cornelius got his boat, and the 
boys had their excursions. His success was immediate. He was 
soon the most popular boatman in the harbor, and that summer 
cleared $1000. In the spring of 1814, he obtained a contract from 
the Government for the transportation by water of supplies to 
the nine military posts around the city. The work was so severe 
that at times he was on his feet twenty-four and thirty-six hours 
consecutively, but he carried it through without a complaint, and 
made enough money to build in the fall a fine schooner, and the 
following year, with his brother-in-law, a still larger and swifter 

His success emboldened him to larger efforts, so that in 1818 
he was the owner of three vessels, a comfortable home, and 
$9000. He astonished his friends at this point by giving up his 
former business and becoming the captain of a steamboat. There 
was a bitter prejudice against steam at the time, and the wise- 
acres of the day regarded his move as the height of folly, but he, 
with extraordinary foresight, saw the magnificent future of the 
new system of navigation, and went into it with characteristic 
energy. For twelve years he retained his position and inci- 
dentally conducted a hotel at New Brunswick, the terminus of 
his steamboat route. By the time he was forty years old his 
fortune was estimated at $500,000. When the gold excitement 
broke out in California, he established a passenger line to the 
Pacific via Nicaragua. This with his other enterprises netted for 
him $10,000,000 in the course of eleven years. In the meantime, 
he had anticipated the importance of the great trunk lines run- 
ning into New York, although it may be questioned if he con- 
templated their unification. He bought New York and New 
Haven stock in 1844 by disposing of the Sound Steamboats he 


The Obelisk in Central Park 

Brought from Egypt liy Win. H. Vaiukibilt 

IDan&erbllt 209 

then owned, and in 1863 he purchased a large part of the shares 
of the New York and Harlem Railroad, and began acquiring 
Hudson River shares. His next move was to consolidate the 
Hudson River and Harlem Railroads. In 1867, he was elected 
president of the New York Central Railroad. Into this road he 
introduced the reforms which he had applied with so much suc- 
cess to the other two lines. The year 1869 saw him consolidate 
the two companies, and also secure a controlling interest in 
several small roads. He died in 1877, leaving a fortune estimated 
at $100,000,000. He was a man of great generosity, but never 
allowed his name to appear in connection with giving. The 
chief exception to this rule was his gift of a million dollars where- 
with to establish Vanderbilt University in Tennessee. He was 
twice married: to Sophia Johnson in 181 }, and to Frances Craw- 
ford in 1869. There were twelve children by the first union, but 
none by the second. 

Of the daughters, Phebe [1815] married James M. Cross; 
Ethelinda [1818], Daniel B. Allen; Emily [1823], William K. 
Thorn; Eliza [1828], George Osgood; Sophia [1830], Daniel 
Torrance; Maria Alecia [1831], N. La Bau; Catherine [1834], first, 
Smith Parker, and afterwards, Gustave Lafitte ; Marie Louise 
[1835], first, Horace Clark, and second, Robert Niven. 

Of the three sons, only one married and had issue. This was 
William Henry [182 1]. He began commercial life at the age of 
seventeen, and attracted notice in the business world by wiuiam 
his singular success in the management of the Staten "^°^ 

Island Railroad, of which he was made receiver by the court. 
This may be regarded as his education in railroad finance. His 
next step forward was when he was chosen vice-president of 
the Harlem and Hudson River Roads in 1864, and thereafter of 
the New York Central. His management of these corporations 
was marked by tact and wisdom. He secured control of the 
Canada Southern and the Michigan Central Roads. Between 
1877 and 1880 he obtained control of the Chicago and Northwest- 
ern, and of the Cleveland, Columbus, Cincinnati, and Indianapo- 
lis Railroads. The year 1879 witnessed the formation of the 



largest railroad syndicate which had yet been organized. To it 
he sold 250,000 shares of his New York Central stock. He died 
in 1885. He increased the wealth of Vanderbilt University by 
nearly $400,000; he gave to the College of Physicians and Sur- 
geons (Columbia) a new building, costing $500,000; he paid the 
expenses ($103,000) incurred in removing the obelisk from Egypt 
to Central Park, and distributed large amounts of money among 
many charities and church works. His wife was Maria Louise 
Kissam, whom he married in 1840, and by whom he had eight 

Of the daughters of William Henry, Margaret Louisa married 
Elliot F. Shepard; Emily, William D. Sloane; Florence Adele, H. 
McKay Twombly; and Eliza Osgood, W. Seward Webb. Of the 
four sons, Cornelius [1843] married Alice Gwynne; William Kis- 
sam [1849], Alva Smith; Frederick W. [1858], Mrs. Alfred Tor- 
rance; George [1864], Edith Stuyvesant Dresser. 

All of the male members of this generation have been active 

in New York society and commerce. Cornelius, the oldest, was 

carefully trained for business by his father. He was 

Cornelius III. 

placed in the offices of the New York Central, and rose 
from clerk to be president. His life was exceedingly busy; he 
was a director in thirty-four railways, and a trustee of many in- 
stitutions. He was a generous contributor to the Protestant 
Episcopal Church and to numerous charities and philanthropies. 

The other three sons are prominent in railway affairs. Two 
tributes from this generation to their father deserve mention: one, 
the Vanderbilt Clinic, which was presented by the four sons to 
the College of Physicians and Surgeons, and the other, the Sloane 
Maternity Hospital, presented to the same college by Emily, the 
wife of William D. Sloane. 

In the next, or present generation the great-grandchildren of 
the Commodore are: Cornelius [1873], who married Grace Wil- 
son; Gertrude [1876], who married Henry Payne 

Cornelius IV. L / J> . , „, . 

Whitney; Alfred Gwynne [1877], who married Elsie 
French; Reginald [1880]; Gladys [1885]— these being the children 
of Cornelius; Consuelo [1877], who married the Duke of Marl- 

DanberWIt 211 

borough; William K. [1880], who married Virginia Fair; and 
Harold [1882] — the three being the children of William Kissam. 
Of this group, Cornelius has displayed high talent as a physicist, 
mechanical engineer, and inventor. The fact is notable, because 
he seems to be the first in ten generations to manifest this type 
of mentality. 

Among the descendants of the Commodore who through 
marriage bear other names may be mentioned members of the 
families of Horton, Wilmerding, Wallace, Schieffelin, Morris, 
Fabbri, Burden, Thorn, King, Baring, Parrish, Post, Kissell, An- 
thony, Hadden, Dyer, Blois, Aymar, Barker, Collins, and 

The Vanderbilt record represents the triumph of constructive 
over destructive finance. The great head, the Commodore, had 
from his Dutch ancestry all the slow and conservative qualities 
which are needful in the world of moneyed affairs. To this he 
added an ambition, will-power, and force which were monu- 
mental. The larger part of his life was a fierce battle against rival 
capitalists, many of whom lived by the death of others. This 
was true in the world of shipping, and especially true in the 
railway sphere. His chief competitors were men who will go 
down in history as "wreckers." They owned railroads, not for 
the benefit of the stockholders, but of themselves. They used 
their position to control the stock market, and, after fleecing 
every person possible, they usually wound up by destroying the 
properties they were supposed to protect, and out of the ruins 
carving additional fortunes. The history of American railways 
for many years was the story of misappropriation and malappro- 
priation. It is painted in the darkest colors, and to few of the 
figures which occupy its scenes can the historian look with pride 
or sympathy. Against this motley crew the old Commodore 
stands out in magnificent relief. In his rugged Dutch heart he 
knew that honesty paid in the long run, and that the greatest 
reward came to him who best did his duty. He made his 
millions not at the expense of others, but by helping others to 
make thousands where before they had made hundreds. 



By reducing the rates for travel and traffic, by diminishing 
the peril, wear, and tear of railway life, by utilizing every new 
invention and discovery, by employing men with regard to their 
fitness and merit, by organizing railways as a general organizes 
an army, he estabished a new precedent and standard for Ameri- 
can financiers. His descendants have but followed in his foot- 
steps. Scores of other financiers have taken up the work, and, 
following the same lines, have met with the same success. The 
giant operations of to-day are merely repetitions on a larger scale 
of what the old New York Central President did forty years ago. 
He was the first American railway king in the true sense of the 
word. His kingdom was small, compared to the empires whose 
capitals now dot Wall Street, and his army of employees insig- 
nificant beside those which serve the huge corporations of the 
present year, but their systems are his system applied to new 
conditions, and their success is based upon the principles he laid 
down for his own guidance. As the prosperity of the Empire 
City and State is so largely a consequence of its matchless 
railway facilities, his name will go down to the future as one of 
its most useful citizens. 

IDan 1Ren88elaer 


Kiliaen Km Rensselaer 

First Lor.f of the Manor 



the greatness of a family is to be 
measured by the number of distin- 
guished public servants it has given 
to the State, the Van Rensselaers are 
entitled to a high place on New 
York's roll of fame. From the first 
Dutch settlements to the present time, 
a period of thirteen generations, they 
have always been represented by one 
or more members of ability and social 
position in public affairs. The family 
will be long remembered because it 
was identified with the movement for establishing a landed aris- 
tocracy of the New Vv^orld. It enjoyed the ancient Dutch title of 
Patroon, and, after the supersedure of the Dutch by English au- 
thority in America, of Lord of the Manor. They were a stalwart 
race and fought strenuously for their ideas. Their titles vanished 
in the Revolution, but their real-estate system was not abolished 
until the middle of the nineteenth century. 

The founder of the family in America was Kiliaen Van 
Rensselaer, who was a wealthy Amsterdam merchant, and a 
leader in the famous guild of trading princes which at 
that time played so prominent a part in the commerce 
of the world. He owned large estates in the Netherlands, and 
was a director of the Dutch West India Company. He must 



2i6 Dan IRensselaer 

have been shrewd and far-sighted. When the company took 
possession of land around the Hudson River, he, with his col- 
leagues, instituted a college of nine commissioners to take 
charge of the new enterprise, and practically to become an im- 
perium in imperio. It is needless to remark that Kiliaen was a 
member of this smaller body, and before a year had passed was 
apparently its active head. As a member of the company, he 
voted in favor of a liberal charter to the college, which created a 
number of patroons with feudal power and jurisdiction, of whom 
he was one of the most prominent. He was fair and just in his 
dealings. He might have followed the example of the Puritans 
and Pilgrims, and seized land without recognizing the rights of 
the redmen. This was too common a course in those years, 
and had he done it, it would have provoked neither censure nor 

But he sent out agents and bought the land from the Indians 
in 1630, and paid the owners even more than they demanded. 
Then with mercantile thrift he had the sale sanctioned by the 
college and the company under their great seal. He kept on 
securing other bits of choice land for seven years, when he con- 
cluded that his property was as large as he could handle with 
his surplus wealth, it was a magnificent estate. His agents 
with fine judgment had chosen a territory which composed a 
tract twenty-four miles wide and forty-eight miles long, contain- 
ing more than seven hundred thousand acres, which now con- 
stitutes the counties of Rensselaer, Albany, and the northern 
part of Columbia. If the record is to be believed, he never came 
out to take charge of his colony, although he sent out colonists 
and stores with generous hand. According to tradition, how- 
ever, he visited Rensselaerwyck, as he styled the colony, once 
or twice, but if he ever made the trips, they must have been of 
brief duration. 

Kiliaen's wisdom was shown in another point — the selec- 
tion of his colonists. As far as he could, he picked out young 
farmers — strong, healthy, intelligent, and married. To keep them 
from growing homesick, he dispatched regularly shipments of 































Dan IRenssclacr 217 

various goods and merchandise from home, taking care to include 
little articles of comfort or pleasure-giving quality, which v/ould 
appeal to the better nature of his tenants. One cargo, sent in 
1643, and consigned to his colony for its own use, was valued 
at twelve thousand eight hundred and seventy guilders — about as 
many dollars, according to the purchasing value of the guilder at 
that period. The great merchant was working not for himself, 
apparently, but for his children. Rensselaerwyck was to be a 
petty principality, of which his descendants were to be the feudal 
lords. At the very start he built a fort and went to the expense 
of equipping it with the best cannons of the time. He organized 
a court which dispensed justice, civil and criminal, and from 
which appeals were allowed to a higher tribunal. Even here 
the forethought of the man was well displayed. On the face 
of the old documents it does not appear whether these appeals 
lay to the college, the company, or to the highest court of the 

As all his colonists were required to take an oath of alle- 
giance to him, it may be inferred that the indetlniteness as to 
appeals was intentional, and was put there with a view to deny- 
ing in the future any jurisdiction of a superior power outside of 
the Netherlands. This would have avoided any claim of suze- 
rainty by the college or the company. The colony grew in pros- 
perity and numbers, and was a formidable rival for many years 
to New Amsterdam. The superintendents were generally, if not 
always, blood relatives of the first Patroon, and men of strong 
personality and executive power. Two of them, jan Baptist Van 
Rensselaer and jeremias Van Rensselaer, carried the 

•' Jan Baptist 

estate through all the storms and troubles of those 
exciting times, and increased its value to handsome proportions. 
The latter possessed a chivalrous nature of the highest type. 
After the New Netherlands were transferred to Eng- 


land, there was some legal trouble in securing the 
confirmation of the Van Rensselaer grants. Partly to evade the 
legal difficulties, and partly, perhaps, to tempt the man, several 
people of prominence advised jeremias to take out the patents 

2i8 Dan IRcnsscIacr 

in his own name. At the time he had a large interest in the 
property, both as agent and as heir, and could have obtained the 
patent in his own name without deceit or trouble. But it is 
recorded that he refused the offer with the simple remark: " 1 
am only a part heir, and 1 cannot defraud my sisters and 

In 1695, the great Kiliaen Van Rensselaer estate was divided, 
the American part going to Kiliaen of Albany, son of Jeremias, 
Kiliaen of for himself, his brothers and sisters, and the Holland 
Albany possessious to the heirs living in that country. In 

1704, Queen Anne confirmed Kiliaen's estate. This made him 
the first Lord of the Manor of Rensselaerwyck, of which he was 
also the fourth Patroon. From Kiliaen, and his brother Hendrik, 
have sprung all the American Van Rensselaers. The other rel- 
atives of the three generations preceding them either died childless 
or else remained in the Old World. Kiliaen married his cousin, 
Maria Van Cortlandt, by whom he had six sons and four daugh- 
ters. His oldest son, Jeremias, who died unmarried, was the 
fifth Patroon, and his second son, Steven, the sixth. The latter's 
son, Stephen 11., became the seventh Patroon, and 

Stephen II. 

married Catherine Livingston, daughter of Philip 
Livingston, signer of the Declaration of Independence. He built 
the Van Rensselaer manor-house, which in the last century was 
regarded as the finest colonial mansion in the Empire State. 
Like his ancestors, Stephen was a royal host. He entertained in 
a style which would have been extravagant for other citizens. 
To his tenants he was a kind landlord, aiding them to improve 
their property and the surrounding country, and often making 
improvements himself for their benefit. His very generosity 
proved paying investments. Thus he assisted several tenants 
in building sloops with which to navigate the Hudson. In the 
course of time they paid him back the loans, and with true 
Knickerbocker gratitude always carried his produce and freight 
for smaller rates than they charged other customers. The same 
policy marked his construction of wharves and toll bridges, lime- 
stone kilns and brickyards. 

<U « 

^ i 

> ^ 



> "^ 

.2 I 


IDan IRcnesclaer 219 

The next generation produced the flower of the family. This 
was Stephen Van Rensselaer 111., fifth Lord of the Manor and 
eighth Patroon. His father having died, he was 

^ ° Stephen HI. 

educated by his grandtather, Philip Livingston. Under 
such auspices he progressed rapidly, and in due course was 
graduated from Harvard with high honors. He married Mar- 
garita Schuyler, thus transmitting to his posterity the blood of 
five of the great colonial f'lmilies — Schuyler, Van Rensselaer, 
Livingston, Van Cortlandt, and Ten Broeck. After graduation, 
he kept up his studies, and at the same time personally managed 
his large estates. Four years later, he became interested in 
military affairs, and received a commission as major of infantry. 
He was so active in his new position that in 1786 he was pro- 
moted to be colonel; thereafter he was made a major-general. 
He also entered politics, and proved an efficient Assemblyman, 
Senator, and Lieutenant-Governor. His first wife dying, he 
married Cornelia Paterson, daughter of Supreme Court judge 
William Paterson, who was also Governor of New jersey. In 
1810, the General was appointed upon the commission to desig- 
nate the route for the Erie Canal. In 18 16, the law was passed 
for building that vast waterway, and he served as member of 
the board and then as president from 1824 until his death in 1839. 
In the War of 18 12 he displayed rare gallantry and military skill. 
Among his officers were many of his kinsmen, notably his 
cousin. Colonel Solomon Van Rensselaer, who was wounded 
at the battle of Queenstown Heights. In addition coionei 

to his studies, his business, military affairs, and his soiomon 
political labors, Stephen Van Rensselaer still found time for a 
vast amount of outside work. From 1819 to 1839, he was a 
Regent of the State University, and, in the last years of that 
period, its Chancellor. From 1823 to 1829, he served acceptably 
in the House of Representatives. In 1824 he founded the first 
scientific school in the New World. His own words show how 
far ahead he was of the times: " A school to qualify teachers to 
instruct the application of experimental chemistry, philosophy, 
and natural history to agriculture, domestic economy, and to the 

220 IDan IRensselaer 

arts and manufactures." This school, now known as the Rens- 
selaer Polytechnic Institute, will always be a memorial to the 
philanthropy and statesmanship of its founder, in 1 825, Yale con- 
ferred upon him the degree of LL.D. 

The eighth Patroon left twelve children, three by his first and 

nine by his second wife. Of these, Stephen Van Rensselaer IV., 

usually referred to as the Young Patroon, was the 

Stephen IV. 

eldest. To him had descended the bulk of the great 
Van Rensselaer estate or plantation, and by him, through political 
causes, it was dissipated for ever. The dream of the first Patroon 
came to naught in the lifetime of his ninth successor. The occa- 
sion was what is known to-day as the anti-rent war, and it was 
brought about by industrial rather than political forces. Under 
the old Dutch system the great plantation of seven hundred 
thousand acres had been split up in small holdings, and these 
leased in perpetuity for rent charges or services of the olden time. 
For one field, so many bushels of grain per annum was the rent; 
for another, so many skins and pelts; for a third, so much timber; 
and, for a fourth, so many head of cattle, or of sheep. This cum- 
brous system, well enough adapted to a primitive age, had become 
utterly opposed to the new conditions of the land. The Van 
Rensselaers were fine landlords, which cannot be said of all the 
Patroons of New York, but even with the kindest landlord there 
was always trouble. Besides this, no tenant desired to make im- 
provements, whose benefit would revert to the landlord and not to 
himself Opposition to the rent system developed into agitation, 
and this into social and political organizations. Conflicts occurred 
between the anti-renters and the authorities, and at one time it 
looked as if civil war or insurrection would devastate the fair land 
of the old manorial grants. 

Stephen was a man of singularly sweet disposition, and rather 
than oppose the people in their desire for a change in the landed 
system, he gave up the traditions of his race, cutting his estate 
into farms and house lots, and selling them to the highest bidder. 
It was a losing transaction in every way. Worst of all, the coun- 
try was agitated, the market was worse than stagnant, and most 

Stephen Van Rensselaer III. 

Patroon ofthe Manor of Reiisselaeiwyck. Major-General of the United 
States Army 

IPan TRcnsselaer 221 

of his sales went, it is said, for a mere song. Although legally his 
father was the last of the Patroons, yet the people of his time, 
with poetic justice, called him by that title, and as "the last of 
the Patroons" he will go down to history. He married Har- 
riet E. Bayard, by whom he had five daughters and three sons. 
The preponderance of female children has caused this branch of the 
family almost to disappear in other names, among which are the 
Douws, Thayers, Robbs, Andrews, Townsends, Barbers, Crosbys, 
and Berrys. In the web of life, the threads cross unceasingly. 
The late Stephen Van Rensselaer Townsend, who was graduated 
from Harvard in 1882, was looking over the university rolls one 
day, and there found that his great-grandfather, after whom he 
was named, had been graduated in the class of 1782, just one 
century before. 

Among those who have rendered public service in the present 
generation of the oldest branch of the family, are William Bayard 
Van Rensselaer, Dr. Howard Van Rensselaer, and the 

Dr. Howard 

Rev. Stephen Van Rensselaer. A distinguished brother 

of Stephen was Brigadier-General Henry Van Rensselaer, who 

graduated at West Point in 1827, and served as lieuten- 

Gen. Henry 

ant in the United States Army. He was sent to 
Congress in 1841, and during the rebellion was a colonel, inspector- 
general, and aide-de-camp to General Scott. He died just before the 
close of the war of typhoid fever, contracted while in the service. 

Besides General Henry was his nephew, Kiliaen, who was 
born 1845, at Albany. He entered the Civil War a mere boy, and 
rose to be a captain in the Thirty-ninth New York Volunteers. He 
took part in some fourteen engagements, and served under 
Generals Grant and Hancock. 

At the close of the war he travelled and entered business life, 
but after a few years came to devote most of his time to philan- 
thropy and church work. Another hero of the civil 

....... t r T-> <- 1 /~ Col. William 

conflict was William Van Rensselaer, of the Seneca 
Falls branch of the family. He was an officer of the New York 
Volunteer Engineers, and fought with distinguished gallantry in 
the Army of the Potomac. 

222 IPan IRensselaer 

Of the eight other brothers and sisters of Stephen IV., there 
has been a similar preponderance of female descendants, and the 
absorption of their own in other family names. Here are found the 
Ervings, Pruyns, Coopers, Kings, Atterburys, Fairfaxes, Hodges, 
Grubbs, Screvens, Lorillards, Kennedys, Waddingtons, Delafields, 
Crosbys, Baylies, and Crugers. 

Less distinguished, perhaps, than Stephen III., the eighth 
Patroon, were his kinsmen, Jeremiah, Colonel Kiliaen, Kiliaen 
K., and Solomon. Jeremiah was born in 1741, was graduated 
from Princeton College in 1758, and took part in the Revolution. 
Distinguished as a member of Congress, he represented New York 
from 1789 to 1 79 1. He was Lieutenant-Governor from 1801 to 

Colonel Kiliaen Van Rensselaer, a grandson of Jeremiah III., son 
of the first Patroon, who succeeded his brother Jan Baptist as di- 
coi Kiliaen ''^ctor of the Colony of Rensselaerwyck (1658), was an 
ardent patriot in Revolutionary days. At the outbreak 
of hostilities he joined the colonial forces and took with him three 
of his sons, leaving behind only those who were too young to go 
to war. He and his boys served with heroism, he being known 
as " Fighting Kiliaen " (or " Colonel Kiliaen ") during the conflict 
and afterwards, as long as he lived. He was complimented by 
Washington. Kiliaen K. Van Rensselaer, son of Colonel 
Kiliaen, was a Yale graduate, and in college he achieved 
a high reputation for scholarship. After graduation he became 
private secretary to General Schuyler, who had married his cousin. 
In his leisure he studied law. He entered the bar and belonged to 
a famous group of jurists, which included James Kent, De Witt 
Clinton, and Ambrose Spencer. He was elected to Congress in 
1801, and was re-elected four times. Chief among his descendants 
may be mentioned the Rev. Dr. Maunsell Van Rensse- 
laer, the Episcopal divine, President of De Veaux Col- 
lege, and thereafter of Hobart College, who was born in Albany, 

In 1 876, he resigned the presidency of Hobart College and went 
to Europe. He occupied the pulpits of Emanuel Church and the 

Cornelia Paterson 

Wife of Stephen Van Rensstlaei 111. From a miniature 

IPan IRcnsselacr 223 

American Chapel at Geneva, the corner-stone of which was laid by 
Gen. U. S. Grant. He was afterwards connected with many 

Solomon Van Rensselaer was also a soldier in the eighteenth 
century. He enlisted when but nineteen years old, and served 
under General Wayne, in 1794. In 1 799, he was promoted to be 
major, and was Adjutant-General of "New York from 1801 to 1810. 
He fought bravely through the War of 1812, and ended his military 
career by becoming a Congressman, from 18 19 to 1822. 

A celebrated junior line from jeremias, third son of the first 
Patroon, has added many names to the roll of honor. One of these 
begins with his great-grandson Major James Van Rensse- 
laer, who fought bravely in the Revolution, enjoyed the *J°'' J*™" 
confidence of Washington, and at one time served under Gen. Mont- 
gomery. From him comes the line marked by Philip, Gratz, and 
Cortlandt Van Rensselaer, formerly United States District Attorney 
in this city. The records of the eighteenth century show at least 
seventy members of the family besides those enumerated. 

Mention should be made of Colonel Stephen, son of Brigadier- 
General Henry, a brilliant soldier on General Scott's staff during the 
civil conflict, whose heroism has adorned the history of Reverend 
that giant struggle ; of Rev. Cortlandt, son of Rev. coniandt 
Cortlandt, a noted Presbyterian divine, a war chaplain and an 
efficient secretary of the Presbyterian Board ; of Philip Livingston, 
another son of Rev. Cortlandt who made a laudable war record ; 
of William, son of William P., an officer in the U. S. Volunteers ; 
and of Stephen Van Rensselaer Cruger, a brilliant soldier. The 
five were grandsons of Stephen and his wife, Cornelia Paterson. 
To this generation belongs James Tallmadge (son of Philip S. and 
his wife Mary B. Tallmadge), who was U. S. Assistant District 
Attorney for New York. 

The Van Rensselaer fame will rest more upon political than 
upon personal grounds. Were every member of the race annihil- 
ated the story of the family would be preserved by all students of 
jurisprudence. Many attempts were made toward establishing 
aristocracies of various types in the New World. In Maine, when 

224 ^^" IRensselaer 

it was Acadia, the French endeavored to reproduce upon a small 
scale the social features of the ancien regime. In Mexico, both 
Church and State essayed the creation of ecclesiastical and Castil- 
ian tenures. The experiments of Lord Delaware and other English 
nobles are well known. None of these came to any notable suc- 
cess, but the plans of the great Kiliaen Van Rensselaer were made 
with consummate skill and executed with magnificent power. He 
and his descendants ruled with wisdom and justice. If ever a feudal 
aristocracy could have been perpetuated in the New World, they 
were the men to perform the task. The abolition of the double 
title of Patroon and Lord of the Manor was the first blow which the 
spirit of the New World administered to their cherished designs. 
Though the titles were abolished by the Revolution, the system 
remained unchanged. Even as late as 1812 it looked as if the Pa- 
troon system were to become a factor in the social development of 
the Empire State. The anti-rent agitation, followed by the legisla- 
tion which was enacted in Albany between 1845 and i860, was the 
second blow which put an end to the last relics of feudal Europe. 
The Van Rensselaers made a brave fight for the cause with which 
they were identified, and the last of the Patroons went down in 
defeat like a gentleman. He himself lived to see the day when his 
representatives at Albany and Washington were the descendants 
of the oath-bound underlings of his ancestors. It took two hun- 
dred years for John Smith to take the Patroon from the manorial 
chair, and to carve the manor into ten thousand independent little 
farms. Yet in this change the heroic qualities of the Van Rensse- 
laers were developed and made greater. Those who fought in the 
Revolution were a higher and finer type than those who first ruled 
the poor farmers of Rensselaerwyck, and with the final crash the 
newer generation took up the great work of life with a zeal and 
manhood worthy of any race. 

Dan Siclen 




HE consolidation of Brooklyn with New 
York was merely the legal recognition 
of a very ancient fact. From the 
founding of New Amsterdam the two 
boroughs have been organic parts of 
the same community. Indeed, Brook- 
lyn up to the middle of the nineteenth 
century was more intimately asso- 
ciated with New York proper than 
were Haarlem and the settlements 
beyond that river, which now make a 
continuous city from the Battery to 
Yonkers. Nowhere is this better evidenced than in the history of 
the old families. Both boroughs have equal claims upon the 
Livingstons, Schermerhorns, Remsens, Kings, Schencks, and Van- 
derbilts. To this class belongs the ancient Dutch race of Van 
Siclen, which crossed the ocean to the New Netherlands in the 
middle of the seventeenth century, and has been an influential ele- 
ment in the development of the community up to the present time. 
Like most of the old Holland names, the orthography of the patro- 
nymic has varied considerably. Among the forms which it has 
assumed may be enumerated Van Sicklen, Van Sichlen, Van 
Siclen, Van Sickelen, Van Siechelen, Van Sychlen, Van Scyklen, 
Van Syckle, Vansyckel, and Van Sickle. Several branches have 

dropped the Van and simplified the name to Sickel and Sickles. 


2 28 IDan Siclen 

In Holland, the family belonged to the agricultural class, and 
held many positions indicative of importance in the State. They 
were Syndics, Burgomasters, elders and deacons, lieutenants and 
captains, merchants and divines. Anthony van Sicklen was one of 
the Protestants who emigrated from Catholic Belgium (from 
Ghent), in 1566, to Protestant Holland, where he became a Coun- 
cillor from the province of Zeeland, representing that province and 
signing the Pacification of Ghent, with William the Silent and the 
other Dutch representatives. For three centuries at least, in the 
Old World, they were noted for their physical vigor and soldierly 
qualities. They seemed to enjoy war for its excitement and glory 
rather than for ambition or gain. They took part in every war 
wherein the "Netherlands were engaged, and supplied many free 
lances to other nations. They were in the armies of Gustavus, 
of the Duke of Burgundy, the Kings of France, and Charles V., 
the great Emperor of Germany. Military life is closely connected 
with the nomadic instinct. The soldier has no home and is called 
by both duty and inclination to march from camp to camp and 
country to country. This nomadic instinct appeared in the history 
of the Van Siclens in the New World. In the seventeenth cen- 
tury they seemed to have visited all of the settlements of the New 
Netherlands, and in the eighteenth to have been among the 
explorers and pioneers of the unbroken West. 

The founder was Ferdinandus [1635], who at the age of seven- 
teen came to New Amsterdam, where he stayed a year or more, 
Ferdinandus ^ud theu Settled in Flatlands, Long Island. Here he 
the Founder ggou had a large farm, and was doing a profitable 
business with Brooklyn and New Amsterdam. He married 
Eva Antonise Jansen, by whom he had three sons and five 
daughters. These children were strong and sturdy and must 
have been of invaluable service to their parents. In the Dutch 
families at that time the boys aided the father upon the land and 
with the live stock, while the girls helped the mother in the care 
of the house, the management of the poultry-yard and dairy, and 
in spinning, weaving, and dyeing. 

The father of Eva, the wife of Ferdinandus, was Antony 

The Old Van Sicklen House in Ghent, Belgium 

Built about niS, and still standing 

Dan Slclen 229 

Jansen, known as Antony Jansen van Salee, and sometimes as 
Antony Jansen van Fez, from his having lived for some time 
in Morocco at the cities of Salee and Fez ; he had carried out 
practically the motto of his Beggars' Badge: "Liver Turc dan 
Paus," (literally, "Rather Turk than Papist "), becoming a free- 
booter and capturing Spanish and other Catholic ships. This 
Beggars' Badge, which is in the possession of Mr. George W. van 
Siclen, was one of the most famous coins or badges of Europe, 
being in the shape of a crescent, and having on the obverse the 
other motto: " En tout fidelle au Roi " (In all things faithful to 
the king). This was the motto of the Dutch Protestants who re- 
belled against the Spanish Inquisition, yet claimed to remain 
faithful to Philip 11. The crescent was the badge of the " Beggars 
of the Sea," while the badge of the "Gueux"or Beggars of the 
Land had for motto, "En tout fidele au roi jusqu'a porter la 
besa<;e " (in all things faithful to the king, even to carrying a 
beggar's sack), because a Spanish count, when Brederodeand the 
Dutch nobles came to King Philip's representative with a petition 
against the Inquisition, said, scornfully: "Here come those 
beggars." The latter badge had the portrait of Philip 11. on one 
side, and on the reverse a beggar's sack with two hands clasped 
through the strap, and pendant from the sides of the metal badge 
two metal gourds or bottles, and from the bottom, a cup; at Mr. van 
Siclen's suggestion this was adopted as the badge of the Holland 
Society of New York, and is made by Tiffany from a model sent 
by the Numismatic Society of Amsterdam. Antony Jansen van 
Salee was called "The Turk," and received from Governor 
William Kieft a grant of land where Bensonhurst now stands; it 
is known to this day in the abstracts of title as "The Turk's Plan- 
tation." A brazier of his is in the possession of Mr. Robert Bayles, 
president of the Market & Fulton National Bank, of New York, to 
whom it descended from Johannes Gulick, who married a daughter 
of Ferdinandus van Sicklen. From Ferdinandus [1635] and his 
wife Eva are descended all the Van Siclens in America. Before 
1566, the Van Sicklen family were living in Ghent continuously 
from A.D. 1338, and prior, often serving as echevins, or members 

230 Dan Siclen 

of the city council. George van Sicklen was abbot of St. Bavon, 
A. D. 140'^. The family were Normans and came to Ghent from 
Amiens. A stone residence is standing in Ghent to-day (1902) 
which was standing there in a. d. 1338, and is and always has 
been known as " De Groote Sickele " and " La Grande Fau9ille," 
belonging to the Van Sicklen family; it has lately been purchased 
by the municipality of Ghent and is to be used as a museum of 
antiquities; it is built of rough-hewn stone, " Belgian pavement," 
and is about one hundred feet square. 

Not far from the Van Siclen homestead (near Van Siclen 
Station on the Brooklyn Elevated) was the settlement of the 
Canarsie Indians, who proved kind neighbors, and a warm friend- 
ship sprang up between them and the family. The children used 
the camp as a playground, and picked up a knowledge of the 
Indian tongue. This idle accomplishment had singular conse- 
quences. In each generation during the following century at least 
one Van Siclen was the official interpreter of the Dutch, and after- 
wards of the British Government. Several of them became so 
much attached to the redmen that they left their homes and lived 
with and ruled the latter. One of them, tradition says, became a 
titular chief, and transmitted his complimentary title through 
several generations. 

The three sons played prominent parts in their time. They 
and their father were among the moving spirits in the establish- 
ment of a market and fair in Brooklyn. This was patterned after 
the jovial town-fairs of Holland, and proved a thorough success. 
On fair days the grounds about the market were covered with 
booths, tents, and Indian wigwams, the farmhouses held open 
hospitality, and in the afternoon and evening music and dancing 
gave pleasure to the young, and pipes, beer, and wine to the old. 
It was the first collective attempt on the part of the community to 
cater to the social side of life in this part of the New Netherlands. 
These fairs must have been a pleasant spectacle. The rosy- 
cheeked girls, fresh from the farms, attired in gayly-colored dresses, 
with heavy jewelry and voluminous linen petticoats, the stalwart 
young farmers in their traditional Dutch garb, soldiers and sailors, 

IDan Slclen 231 

merchants and their families from neighboring towns, with a 
sprini<Iing of hidians through the crowd, must have made a pictu- 
resque ensemble. The records show that many visitors came 
from New York, some of whom took part in the dancing and 

Of the three sons, Reinier [born about 1659] remained at 
home; Johannes, the scholar, became a schoolmaster in Flatbush; 
and Ferdinandus, Jr., settled upon a farm in the neighborhood, and 
became a notable Indian interpreter and farmer. 

Johannes was a popular pedagogue, and enjoyed the respect 
and affection of his townsmen. To be a teacher in those days 
meant much more, in view of the environment, than it , . 

' ' Johannes the 

does to-day. He was second only to the pastor, and schoolmaster 
in some respects played a larger part than the latter. A fair 
idea of his duties, as well as of the social conditions of the latter 
part of the seventeenth century, may be obtained from the Flat- 
bush schoolmaster's agreement of 1682: 

" (i.) The school shall begin at eight o'clock, and goe out at 
II; shall begin again at one o'clock and ende at four. The belle 
shall be rung before the school begins. 

" (2.) When school opens one of the children shall reade 
the morning prayer as it stands in the catechism, and close with 
the prayer before dinner; and in the afternoon the same. The 
evening school shall begin with the Lord's prayer and close by 
singing a psalm. 

" (3.) Hee shall instruct the children in the common prayers 
and questions and answers off the catechism, on Wednesdays and 
Saturdays, too enable them to saye them better on Sunday in 

" (4.) Hee shall be bound to keepe the school nine months 
in succession from September to June, one year with another, and 
shall always be present himself. 

"(5.) Hee shall bee Chorister of the Church, ring the belle 
three times before service, and reade a chapter of the Bible in the 
Church between the second and third ringinge of the belle; after 

232 IDan Slclen 

the third ringinge hee shall reade the ten commandments, and 
the twelve articles of Ffaith, and then sett the Psalm. In the after- 
noon, after the third ringinge of the belle, hee shall reade a short 
chapter or one of the Psalms of David, as the congregation are 
assemblinge; afterward he shall sett the psalm. 

" (7.) Hee shall provide a basin of water for the baptisme, for 
which hee shall receive 12 stuyvers in wampum for every bap- 
tisme Ffrom parents or sponsers. Hee shall furnish bread and 
wine Ffor the Communion att the charge of the Church. Hee 
shall also serve as Messenger Ffor the Consistorie. 

" (8.) Hee shall give the Funerale invitations and toll the 
bell, and Ffor which hee shall receive Ffor persons of 15 years of 
age and upwards 12 guilders, and Ffor persons under 15, 8 guilders, 
and if hee shall cross the river to New York, hee shall have four 
guilders more." 

The school money was paid as follows: 

"(i.) Hee shall receive Ffor a speller or reader 3 guilders, 
and Ffor a writer 4 guilders Ffor the day school. In the evening 
4 guilders Ffor a speller and reader, and 5 guilders Ffor a writer 
per quarter. 

" (2.) The residue of his salary shall bee 400 guilders in wheat 
off wampum value delivered at Brookland ferry, with the dwell- 
ing, pasturage, and meadow appertaining to the school." 

Johannes, after several years' service, moved to Jersey, where 
he was followed shortly afterwards by his nephew, Jan. Here he 
established the New Jersey branch, which was to become one of 
the great families of that State. 

In the third generation the leading figures were Cornelius of 
Gravesend, who in middle life bought a large tract of land in 
Reinier Ameutrem, Huntingdon County, N. J.; Ferdinand of 
ofFiatbush Gravesend, who was a prosperous farmer and real 
estate owner; Reinier of Flatbush, who was a farmer, merchant, 
and public official; Ferdinand of Flatlands, who married Mary 

IDan Slclen 233 

Van Nuyse, increased the ancestral estate, and had property at 
Canarsie and in Queens County; Jan of Raritan, who was the 
possessor of a large estate, and was a leading man in that part of 
Jersey. All married and had large and vigorous families. 

The fourth generation witnessed the continuation of the 
prosperity enjoyed by the third, and a wider distribution of the 
members. Reinier [17 16] was a leader of Gravesend and Flat- 
lands. Gysbert [17 18] was a large landed proprietor in Grave- 
send. Johannes [1722] had a fine establishment at New Lots, 
and Cornelius [1728] was one of the wealthiest farmers at Wap- 
pinger's Falls, N. Y. Reinier was a selectman in Huntingdon 
County, N. J. Andries [17 18] was a justice at Raritan, j^^^^ ^^^^j^^ 
N. J. Johannes [ 1 720] was an influential farmer, soldier, 
and trader at Brunswick. Abraham [172 3 J founded a family in 
Philadelphia. Jacobus settled in Albany, and Peter began life in 
New York City. 

The fifth and sixth generations covered the most important 
event of the eighteenth century, the War of Independence, and 
afforded opportunity for many of the family to display military 
skill and patriotic virtue. One of these was Peter, son peterthe 
of Peter, who served under General George Clinton. Pioneer 
He was wounded several times, but invariably reported for duty 
before his wound had completely healed. On one occasion he 
was sent back because he was still unable to use a gun. At the 
close of the war he joined a party of adventurous soldiers who 
went West and established settlements along the Ohio River. 
Here he made a record as a pioneer, and founded a branch in the 
"Buckeye" State. Ferdinand of Wappinger's Falls, N. Y., was 
a well-to-do patriot, who contributed largely to the Revolutionary 
cause. He belonged to the militia of the place, and is said to 
have taken part in the battle of Saratoga. 

Lieutenant Abraham [1775] was a soldier, farmer, and musi- 
cian. He served in the War of 18 12, where he displayed great 
valor. He settled in Orange County, N. Y., where he Lieutenant 
established a local branch of his race. Captain James Abraham 
[1790], of the Jacobus line, also served faithfully in the same war. 

234 ^an Slclen 

Captain Joseph [1797], of the Reinier branch, enlisted, when a 

mere lad, in the army, where he rose to be captain. In later life 

he removed to Michigan, where he made a permanent 

aptain osep j^^^^^ ^^^ where his descendants are now quite 

numerous. He was Captain of the Belvedere Rangers, and when 
receiving his honorary discharge from General Jackson was highly 
praised by that great soldier. 

The 'seventh and eighth generations supplied many soldiers 
to the armies of the Union. More than one hundred appear upon 
the rolls. Of these, the more conspicuous were: Rich- 
D^wtu ard Henry [1827], of the Abraham branch, who served 
Clinton j^ ^Y[e Forty-second Illinois; Sergeant De Witt Clinton 
[1816], of the Andrew branch, who was a brilliant soldier in the 
Black Hawk War, where he made himself famous as an Indian 
Lieutenant fighter; Lieuteuant Moses E. [1815], his brother, who 
Moses E. ^Qp, ^Yie military laurels of the family. When seven- 
teen years old, he enlisted in the Black Hawk War; in 1846, he 
marched to Mexico and served through that struggle, and, in 
1 86 1, he was one of the first to offer himself to the national Gov- 
ernment. He inherited the Van Siclen talent for Indian languages, 
and served as Government interpreter for many years. Lyman, 
of the Peter branch, a cavalryman from Michigan during the Civil 
War, was captured by the Confederates, and died from jail fever 
in Andersonville. 

John Sydney [1827], son of De Witt Clinton, was another 
hero of the great conflict, where his career was altogether unique. 
John Sydney He was captured at the beginning of the war, and 
the Pioneer ^-^j^gj^ ^Q Selma, Ala. Here he contrived a plan of 
escape, which was discovered. He was forthwith removed to 
Meridian, Miss., where he with other prisoners built a tunnel and 
fled to the woods. He was recaptured and returned to his former 
place of captivity. Here he designed another jail escape, but was 
transferred to Cahaba, Ala. Twice again did he try to break his 
confinement, and was each time transferred, first to Selma and 
thence to Vicksburg. Here at last he was exchanged, and im- 
mediately went back to the front. His boast was that he " had 

\Dan Siclcn 235 

done time in seven Southern prisons." George Washington 
[1841], of the Peter branch, enlisted in 1852, and was discharged 
at the end of the war with the rank of corporal. He was one 
of the company which captured Jefferson Davis after the fail 
of Richmond. 

At the present time the family is represented by the eighth 
and ninth generations. Of these, the chief is George West [ 1 840], 
who was graduated from the College of the City of 

° o ./ George West 

New York (18s 7) and the Columbia Law School (1867), 
and was admitted to the bar, where he achieved success in real- 
estate law. He was the founder of the Title Guarantee and Trust 
Company of New York; founder and first Secretary of the Hol- 
land Society of New York and the first Secretary of the Holland 
Trust Company of New York. He married Sarah Gregory, by 
whom he has issue. Three years after her death, in 1901, he 
married Grace C. Hogarth. 

Arthur, son of George West, was graduated from Columbia 
Law School [1891] and was admitted to the bar; Matthew, his 
other son, is a senior at Amherst. James Cornell, of the Reinier 
branch, was graduated from the Columbia Law School in 1892. 
Judge Bennett Van Syckel of the Supreme Court of New Jersey is 
a jurist of the highest rank. And John T. Van Sickle, manager 
of the Morgan S. S. line to New Orleans, is long known for his 
executive ability. 

At the present time the family is represented by numerous 
branches in the Empire State and elsewhere. It has members 
at its old homesteads in Flatlands, Gravesend, and Brooklyn, as 
well as in Queens, Manhattan, and the Bronx. It is uniformly 
marked by the old Dutch virtues— patience, industry, resolute 
probity, and a deep love for education. 





►N the first century of the Hudson River 
settlements, it was rare for either 
Knickerbocker or Englishman to move 
eastward and invade the sterile terri- 
tory of the Puritan. To the stout 
burghers of "New Amsterdam, New 
England was a rocky land peopled by 
wild Indians, wild beasts, and wilder 
Englishmen, it was rarer still for a 
Dutch family to become identified 
with New England life, and to attain 
as much celebrity in Massachusetts 
as the main branch did in New York. Yet this is what occurred 
with the great Dutch family of Wendell, one of the most distin- 
guished of the colonial stocks of the Empire State. Not alone 
under their own name did they make history in the Bay State, but 
in their two immortal descendants, Oliver Wendell Holmes and 
Wendell Phillips, they added two great stars to the heavens of 
American intellectuality. 

The founder of the race in the New World was Evert Janse, 
who was born [1615] in the little city of Embden in East Friesland, 
then belonging to the Netherlands, but now part of the Evert janse 
province of Aurich, in the kingdom of Hanover, Ger- ^^^ Pounder 
many. Embden was not the home of his race. Not many 

years before, his family had lived in the district of Rhynland or 


240 Menbell 

Delftland, from which they fled to escape the sword and rack of 
the Duke of Alva. In Rhy nland the family owned several farms and 
possessed considerable property, much if not most of this being 
lost when they departed for the North. Nevertheless, enough 
remained to give Evert a good education, and to enable him in 
1639-1640 to cross the ocean to the New Netherlands. He arrived 
in 1640, during the administration of Governor William Kieft. 

New Amsterdam, though small, was a busy community, with 
galleons coming and going, and Indian traders arriving and depart- 
ing by both land and water. Most of the population were busy 
upon farms or converting the wilderness into arable fields. 
Another group were trading with the redmen, from whom they 
purchased the fine furs and peltries which were so prized by the 
nobility and the well-to-do classes of Europe. 

Evert seems to have been a trader at first. Five years were 
spent in New Amsterdam, and then he joined in the prevailing 
movement of population from Manhattan Island to the great Van 
Rensselaer settlements around Fort Orange. He did not settle at 
Rensselaerwyck proper, but made a comfortable home almost 
under the guns of Fort Orange. He took title to property, and 
obtained a trading license, pursuant to the custom of the period. 
Gifted with pleasant manners and a fine sense of justice, he 
quickly became popular with the sachems, and within a year was 
among the leading merchants of the place. He won the esteem 
of his neighbors at the same time, who honored him with many 
positions of dignity and profit. 

In 1652, he, with other burghers, had a dispute with the great 
war-horse, Petrus Stuyvesant, Governor of the New Netherlands. 
The latter, a keen-eyed soldier, when visiting Fort Orange saw 
that the houses around the fort weakened the latter from a strate- 
gic point of view, as they were in the line of gunfire from the fort, 
and offered protection to an advancing enemy. He, therefore, 
under the provision of some ancient documents, claimed title to 
all land around the fort, for a distance of 250 Dutch rods, and 
ordered the burghers to remove their property, their homes to be 
destroyed, and the land converted into an open space, according 

Ment)cll 241 

to the military tactics of the time. The sturdy burghers, aided by 
Evert, rose up in immediate protest, and, like their descendants 
of to-day, held a mass-meeting, in which they denounced the 
Chief Magistrate in round terms. A delegation was appointed 
which waited upon the Governor, who so enjoyed their bellig- 
erent attitude that he compromised the matter by paying them 
handsomely for their houses and improvements, and gave them 
patents for land further away from the fort, of larger extent than 
the farms which they surrendered. 

The incident is a pleasant one, and shows both Governor and 
colonists in very favorable light. Wendell's new farm was on the 
south side of the present city of Albany. Later he removed to a 
site now the corner of James and State streets. Here he passed 
the remainder of his life, and here his son Thomas lived in the 
first part of the eighteenth century. Among the offices which 
Evert held were ruling elder of the Dutch Church (1656), Orphan 
Master (1657), and Magistrate (1660-1661). Evert was twice 
married, his first wife being Susanna de Trieux, daughter of Philip 
de Trieux, the Marshal of the province; and his second, Maritje 
Alrahamise Vosburgh, of Beverwyck. He had issue by both wives. 

His children inherited his tine appearance and unusual abil- 
ity. Thomas, the eldest, took as his patrimony the paternal 
mansion, where he acted as a father to his many Thomas the 
nieces and nephews. He was never married, having, Hospitable 
according to a family tradition, been jilted in young manhood, 
and thereupon become a confirmed misogynist. His favorite 
amusement, tradition says, was to entertain a lot of Indian 
friends, who, according to the critics of the Dutch age, invariably 
grew " beastlie drunken" at the most interesting part of the 
banquet. The fame of his hospitality crossed the seas, so that 
nearly all newcomers of any social position at home made their 
first visit upon "Uncle Thomas" at Albany. Abraham, the 
trader and soldier, married Maryken Van Nes of Albany. John 
[1649], the third brother, married, first, Maritie Jillisse Meyer, and, 
secondly, Elizabeth Staats, of Albany. Jeronimus [1655] married 
Ariaantje Harmense Visscher. Philip [1657] married her sister, 

VOL. II. — 16. 

242 Wlen^eU 

Maria Harmense Visscher. Evert, Jr. [1660], married Elizabeth 
Sanders, of Albany. He had one son and two daughters by his 
second wife. 

Next to Abraham, John [1649] was the most conspicuous 
member of this generation. He was a devout member of the 
John the Pub- church and received his education from the minister, 
lie Spirited Manifesting great aptitude for business, he accumu- 
lated a large estate, and after arriving at the age of thirty, de- 
voted much of his time to public affairs. He was a Justice of the 
Peace in 1684, captain in the Albany militia in 1685, an alderman 
in that city the following year, and in 1690 was one of the Com- 
mission which negotiated a treaty with the Five Nations and 
superintended the defence of Albany against a threatened attack 
of the sons of the forest. Both his wives brought him large 
fortunes in their own right, so that in middle age he was not 
only rich in money and warehouses, but also in large tracts of 
land in the Mohawk Valley, in what is now Saratoga County, 
and in other districts of the province. His daughter Elsie mar- 
ried Abraham Staats, Jr., a leading man of the time, while 
Marritie married Jan Johannse Oothout of Albany. 

The third generation was marked by many members of 
unusual energy and ability. Abraham [1687], son of John, re- 
Abrahamthe Hioved from Albany to New York not long after he 
Merchant came of age, and started a commercial house, which 
grew to large proportions. He established relations with promi- 
nent houses in Holland, England, and New England, and shipped 
great quantities of furs to Europe, which netted him profits, 
sometimes of great amounts. He married Katrina De Kay, 
great-granddaughter of Anneke Jans, who brought him a large 
dowry and afterwards a handsome fortune by inheritance. His 
mercantile relations with Boston increasing, he established a 
branch house there, which, proving very remunerative, caused 
him to remove to that city and make it his permanent home. 
John, of Here his son John [1703] married Elizabeth Quincy, 
Boston daughter of the Hon. Edmund Quincy, and his daugh- 

ter Elizabeth married Edmund Quincy, Jr. This founded the 

Mcnbcll 243 

alliance between the Wendell and Quincy families which was to 
play an important part in the social history of Massachusetts, and 
reinforce through its wealth and prestige the influence of his 
younger brother Jacob [1691], who also removed to the capital 
of the Bay State. 

This brother became identified with "New England even more 
thoroughly than did Abraham. He married Sarah Oliver of Cam- 
bridge, by whom he had twelve children. His daugh- „,. 

o ' J o Oliver 

ter Sarah married the Rev. Dr. Abiel Holmes, and their wendeii 

fourth child was Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes. Margaret, 

the twelfth child, married William Phillips, and their ^^'.°'!*" 

' ' ' Phillips 

grandson was Wendell Phillips, the reformer and orator. 

Hermanns [1678], the son of Jeronimus, was a leading citizen 
of Albany. He was an Alderman (1714-1720), Indian Commis- 
sioner (1728-1732), and again an Alderman (1726-1727). Aiderman 
He incurred some opposition on account of his strenu- Hermanus 
ous endeavors to open roads into the Indian country. During 
these years there was always a commercial conflict between the 
trading element and the governing element. The former desired 
to preserve their industry, and objected to any change which would 
decrease the supply of furs or alter the modes of collection and dis- 
tribution. The latter, with an eye to the development of the 
country, desired to clear the wilderness and construct roads, not 
only for commerce, but also for military purposes, in the event of 
an Indian uprising or a war with France. 

Hermanus married Anna Glen, by whom he had issue. He 
was the head of three of the most distinguished lines or branches 
of his house. 

Ephraim [1685, or 1688, as is given in some of the records] was 
a rich landowner and influential churchman of his community. He 
contributed " largely to the Gospel," and was often an Ephraim 
officer in assemblies, synods, and other convocations t^e Eider 
of his faith. 

Harmanus [17 14], son of Hermanus, was a leader ju^g^ 

of his time. Enjoying independent means, he devoted Harmanus 
himself to study, and to public afiairs. He was an Alderman at 

244 Mcnbell 

Albany for many years, and an Associate Judge of the Court of 
Common Pleas (1752- 1758). He was the possessor of a fine 
library in both Dutch and English, which he generously put at 
the service of his neighbors and of the lawyers who attended 
his court. He married Catharina Van Vechten, by whom he had 
numerous children. 

Abraham, brother of Harmanus, was enterprising and ventur- 
some. On coming of age he moved to Schenectady, from which 
Captain hc is knowu in the family records as Abraham of Schen- 
Abraham ectady. Dudug the old French war (1744-1748) he 
was active in organizing the military company which was formed 
in that neighborhood to resist any possible attack. He married 
his cousin, Elizabeth Wendell, by whom he had issue. 

Hendrick, or Henry, was one of the Albany patriots who so 
ably aided the Revolutionary cause. As early as 1770 he was a 
Hendrick forcible speaker against the new imposts which had 
the Sheriff hetu laid upon the colonies, and the exasperating re- 
strictions upon their trade. In 1774, he was one of the Committee 
of Safety and Correspondence which was appointed by the Free- 
holders of Albany. Along with his name upon the list are those of 
John Barclay, John R. Bleecker, Stephen de Lancey, Abraham Ten 
Broeck, Abraham Yates, Jr., Cornelius Van Santvoordt, John H. 
Ten Eyck, Henry L. Bogert, Jacob C. Ten Eyck, and Robert 
Yates. In 1777, he was elected Sheriff of Albany, which office 
he held until 1786, often acting as Provost Marshal, as well 
as Court Executive. He married Maria Lansing, by whom he 
had issue. 

The fifth generation supplied many brave sons to the Revolu- 
tion. Captain John Harmanus [1744], son of Judge Harmanus, 
General was a lawyer, in active practice, when the mutterings 
johnH. Qf ^i^g coming storm of war were heard. He was a 
warm friend and supporter of his cousin, Sheriff Henry, and aided 
the latter materially in the period immediately preceding the 
Revolution. He took arms in 177=5, when he was appointed lieu- 
tenant and quartermaster of the Second Albany Battalion. In 
1776, he was promoted to be captain, and served in the First New 

■QGlenbeU 245 

York, under Colonel Goose Van Schaick, until 1781. After the 
war his gallantry was recognized by his appointment as brigadier- 
general of militia. In 1796, he was elected to the Assembly from 
Albany County, and, in 1812, he was made Surrogate. His wife 
was Cathalina Van Benthuysen. 

Lieutenant Jacob Henry [1754], son of Judge Henry, had just 
come of age when the Revolution broke out. He promptly joined 
the colonial forces, and fought with high gallantry Lieutenant 
until the restoration of peace in 1783, having risen Jacob h. 
during that period to the rank of adjutant. He was thrice elected 
to the New York Assembly (1796, 1797, 1798). His wife was 
Gertrude Lansing, daughter of the Honorable Peter Lansing. 

Sheriff Harmanus [1767I, son of Sheriff Henry, was one of 
the wealthy men of Albany and devoted the larger sj,„iff 

part of his time to public affairs. He served upon Harmanus 
many committees and held numerous positions of honor and 
trust He was made Sheriff in 1803. 

John [1731] was the scholar of the family. He was gradu- 
ated from Harvard in 17S0, and married Dorothy Sherburne. He 
established a branch, of which the most important john 

member has been Professor Barrett [1855], his great- the scholar 
grandson. The latter was graduated from Harvard (1877), and 
became assistant professor of English literature and professor 
thereafter professor in that university. He married Barrett 

Edith, the daughter of William Curtis Greenough. 

John Lansing [1785] was the most prominent member of the 
sixth generation. He studied law with his brother Garritt V/en- 
dell, a distinguished real-estate lawyer of the time, and john l. 
became a member of the Albany bar. He was elected the jurist 
judge of Washington County for one term, but made his fame as 
a reporter of the New York Supreme Court. His great works 
are Reports of Cases in the Supreme Court (twenty-six volumes), 
and the Digest of Cases, Supreme Court of New York. He also 
edited Starkie's Law of Slander and Blackstone's Commentaries 
with rare judicial ability. 

Dr. Peter, son of Adjutant Jacob Henry, was a distinguished 

246 Mcnbell 

physician of Albany in the early part of the century. From him 
has descended an important branch, which included 

Dr Peter 

Dr. Harman and Benjamin Rush, his sons, and Burr 
and Benjamin Rush, jr., grandsons. The last-named was gradu- 
ated from Yale (1878), and from the Columbia Law School (1882). 

Harmanus C. [1781] was a landed proprietor who inherited 
fortunes from both his father, Cornelius [1745], and his grand- 
father, Hermanus [17 14]. He was a magistrate for twenty years, 
Judge ^nd an active participant in public affairs during his 

Harmanus c. entire life. His wife was Cathalina Hun. He is repre- 
sented in the seventh generation by William, who married, first, 
Sarah Kip, and, second, Frances Roberts. 

The sixth generation from Evert, Junior, was represented by 
William Henry, of Ballston Spa, N. Y. To him the public is par- 
wiiiiara ti^'ly indebted for the development of that beautiful 
"«"^ community. He was for many years supervisor and a 

member of many progressive local organizations. He married 
Anna Melvin. 

From Abraham [1791], of the Harmanus branch, came the 
members of the family who were the pioneers of Kansas, Michi- 
gan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin. They were stanch free-soilers^ 
and carried into the West the public schools and the liberal 
Colonel l^ws of the Empire State. This branch supplied 
Adalbert c. Adclbert Chauncey [1848] to the Union Army, where 
he made a brilliant record, closing his military career as a staff 
officer of Major-General Granger. The branch was represented 
in the ninth generation by William Fuller [1873], who was gradu- 
ated from the University of Minnesota in 1892. 

The career of the Wendells in both Massachusetts and New 
York has been marked by business ability, intellectuality, social 
grace, and patriotism. They have served in every conflict, from 
the old French wars to the late struggle with Spain. Their sons 
are upon the rolls of the great universities, and their names are 
found in the lists of eminent lawyers, writers, scientists, and 


Abeel (Beekman), Magdalene, i., 29 
Abercrombie, Colonel, i., 25 
Alburtis (Barclay), Louisa, i., 29 
Alexander (Duer), Lady Catharine, i., 129 

— William (General), i., 129 
Allen, iVlargaret De Lancey, i., 95 
Allen, William, i., 95 

Allyn (Gardiner), Elizabeth, i., 149 
Alsop, John, i., 69 
Ames, Fisher, i,, 140 
Andrews, W. (Rev.), i., 16 
Anthon (Fish), Marion G., i., 142 
Armstrong (Astor), Margaret, i., 7 
Ashdoer, i., 5 

Ashton (De Peyster), Frances, i., 111 
Aspinwall (Renwick), Anna L., ii., 88 

— William H., ii., 88 
Astor, Ava Willing, i., 9 

— Battery, i., 9 

— & Broadwood, !., 5 

— Charlotte A. Gibbes, i.,8 

— (Langdon) Dorothea, i., 5 

— Eliza, i., 5 

— Family, i., 3-10 

— Henry, i., 4 

— House, i., 7 

— Jacob, i., 3 

— John Jacob, the founder, i., 3, 38 

— John Jacob 111., i., 8 

— John Jacob IV., i., 9 

— Laces in Metropolitan Museum, i., 8 

— Library, i., 7 

— (Bristed) Magdalen, i., 5 

— Margaret A. Armstrong, i., 7 

— Mary D. Paul, i., 8 

— Military Company, i., 9 

— Regiment, i., 9 

— William, i., 8, 9 

— William Backhouse, !., 5 

— William Waldorf, i., 8 


Baker (Delafield), Ann, !., 84 

Baldwin (De Peyster), Christianna, i., 109 

Bancker (De Peyster), Anna, i , 105 

— — Mary, i., 105 
Barber (Delafield), Elsie, i., 85 
Barclay, Adelbert E. E. W., i., 20 

— (Robinson) Anna D., i., 19 

— Anna M., i. , 20 

— Anthony, i., 19 

— Anthony, i., 20 

— Catherine Cochrane, i., 20 

— (De Lancey) Cornelia, i., 19, 97 

— Cuthbert (Rev.), i., 20 

— David (Colonel) the founder, i., 13 

— David, i., 16 

— Dentie Lent, i., 19 

— Fanny, i., 21 

— Frederick W., i., 20 

— George, i., 20 

— Harold, i., 21 

— ■ Henry (Rev.), i., 16 

— Henry, i., 20, 21 

— Henry A., i., 20 

— Henry A. W., i., 20 

— House, the, i., 16 

— James L., 1., 20 

— John, i., 16 

— John O'C, i., 20 

— J. Searle, i., 20 

— J. Searle, i., 21 

— Mary Rutgers, i., ig 

— (Rives) Matilda A., i., 20 

— Olivia Mott Bell, i., 20 

— Robert (Governor), i., 15 

— Robert C, I., 21 

— Sackett M., i., 20 

— Susan De Lancey, i., 19, 97 

— Thomas (Colonel), i., 19,97 

— Thomas (Rev.), i., 16 

— Thomas (Captain), ',., 20 




Barclay, Thomas III., i., 20 

— Walter C, i., 20 

— Wright, i., 21 
Bard (Delafield), Eliza, i.,83 

— William, i., 8) 
Barnwell (Cruger), Mary, i., 73 
Bayre (Fish), Clemence S. , i., 141 
Beam, Catherine A., i., 131 

— John, i., 131 
Beasley (Delafield), Margaretta, 1., 85 
Bedlow (Beekman), Mary E. C, i., 31 
Beekman, Abian Steele Milledoler, i., 32 

— (De Peyster) Ann, i., 109 

— Catherine B., i., 32 

— Catherine Peters de la Noy, i., 29 

— Catherine Sanders, i., 31 

— Catherine Van Boogh, i., 28 

— Cornelia, i., 32 

— Cornelius, i., 26 

— Elizabeth de Peyster, i. , 29 

— Family, !., 25 

— Gerard, the scholar, i., 26 

— Gerard (Dr.), i., 28 

— Gerard, i., 31 

— Gerard, i., 32 

— Gerardus, i., 29 

— Gerard W., i., 31 

— Gertruyd Van Cortlandt, i., 29 

— Henry (Colonel), i., 28 

— Henry 11. (Colonel), i.,29 

— Henry R., i., 32 

— Henry R. 11., i., 32 

— Isabella Lawrence, i., 32 

— Jacobus, i., 29 

— Jacobus, i., 29 

— James, i., 30 

— James William, i., 31 

— James William II., i., 32 

— Jane Keteltas, i.,31 

— Janet Livingstone, i., 29 

— Joanna de Loper, i., 29 

— John, i., 29 

— John, i.,31 

— Josephine, i., 32 

— Magdalene Abeel, i., 29 

— (Livingston) Margaret, i., 30 

— Mary Duyckink, i., 31 

— Mary E., i.,32 

— Mary E. G. Bedlow, i., 31 

— Street, i., 27 

— Swamp, i., 27 

— Wilhelmus, the founder, i., 25 

— William (Dr.), i., 29 

— William F., i., 32 
Bell (Barclay), Olivia M., !., 20 
Bellomont, Governor, i., 28 
Benjamin, Julia K. Fish, i.-, 141 

Benjamin, Samuel N. (Colonel) i., 141 
Benson, Dirck, i., 117 

— (Duane) Eve, I., 117 

Berkeley (original or older form of Barclay), i., 13 

— Lord, i., 15 

Blair (Cruger), Elizabeth, i., 71 
Blake, John L. (Rev.), i., 45 
Blealsley (Cruger), R. A., i., 74 
Bleecker, Jan., ii., 106 

— Margaret Rutgers, ii., 106 
Bogart (Delafield), Anita, i., 85 
Boke, Jaquemyntje, i., 38 
Bowers (Duane), Marianne, i., 123 
Bowne, Robert, i., 4, 5 

Boyd, Harriet Delafield, i., 85 

— Robert, i., 85 
Breck, Charles D., i., 132 

— Mary Duer, i., 132 
Brevoort, Annetje Bastiaense, i., 37 

— Catherine Delamater, i., 39 

— (Hicks) Charlotte, i., 39 

— Elizabeth Dorothea Lefferts, i., 41 

— Elizabeth Schermerhorn, i., 42 

— Family, i., 35 

— Hendrick Jansen, i., 35 

— Hendrick 11., i., 37 

— Hendrick 111., i., 39 

— Henry i., 39 

— Henry II., i., 39 

— Henry (Captain), i., 40 

— Henry Leffert, i., 42 

— James Carson, i., 41 

— James Renwick, i., 42 

— Jan Hendricksen, i., 37 

— John, the goldsmith, i., 39 

— (Bristed) Laura, i., 42 

— Mary Ren Van Couwenhoven, i., 37 

— (Astor) Sarah Todd, i., 38 

— Sarah Whetten, i., 39 
Briggs (Cornill), Rebecca, i., 56 
Bristed, John (Rev.), i., 5 

— Margaret Astor, i., 5 
Broadwood (Astor &), i., 3 

Brogan (De Peyster), Elizabeth i., 109 
Brooks (Delafield), Anna O., i., 85 

— Frederick W., i., 85 
Buchanan, Thomas, i., 61) 
Bunner (Duer), Anna B., i., 131 

— George, i., 131 
Burgwm, J. Pollock, i., 21 
Burke, Edmund, i., 70 
Burns, Robert, i., 108 
Burr, Aaron, i., 49 

Carrick (Barclay), Lavinia, i., 20 
Carter (Cruger), Sarah E., i., 74 



Carteret, Sir George, i., i? 
Chandler (Gardiner), Sarah, i., 149 
Chew, Beverly, i., 130, 131 

— (Duer) Lucy, i., 131 

— Maria T. Duer, i., 130 
Church (Cruger), Catherine, i., 173 
Clark, Joseph, i., 132 

— (Duer) Josephine, i., 152 

— Wilhelmina B, De Lancey, i., 98 
Clarkson, Alice Delafield, i., 84 

— Howard, i., 84 

— (De Peyster) Susan M., i., 111 
Clinton, Alexander, i., 46 

— Alexander (Dr.), i., 52 

— Alexander James, i., 52 

— Catherine Jones, i., 52 

— Charles, i., 45, 46 

— Charles, son of James, i., 49 

— Cornelia Tappan, i., 49 

— De Witt; 1., 48, 49, 50-52 

— Elizabeth Denniston, i., 46 

— Family, i., 45 

— George (Admiral,) i., 93 

— George (Governor), i., 31, 45, 47-49 

— George, Jr., i., 49 

— Henry, Sir, i., 45 

— James (Brig.-General), i., 45, 46, 121 

— Mary De Witt, i., 47 

— Maria Franklin, i., 52 

— Mary Little Gray, i., 47 

— Spencer, i., 52 

— William, i., 45 
Clive, Lord, i., 127 

Cochran (Barclay), Cornelia, i., 20 
Colden, Cadwallader (Governor), i., 94 

— Elizabeth De Lancey, i., 94 
College, Columbia, i., 17, 18 

— Kings, i., 17, 18 
Colles, Christopher, i., 49 

Collet (Barclay), Ann Wilkes, i., 20 
Cook, Anna L. Delafield, i., 85 

— William G., i., 85 
Cooper, Susan A. De Lancey, i., 97 

— James Fenimore, i., 97 
Combury, Governor, i., 28 
Cornehill (for Cornell), i., 55 
Cornewall " " i., 55 
Cornewell " " i., 55 
Cornell, Abigail B. Hicks, i., 59 

— Alonzo B. (Governor), i., 57, 61, 62 

— Charity Hicks, i., 57 

— Chjtles, i., 59 

— Edward Everett (Dr.), i., 62 

— Ezekiel (General), i., 58 

— Ezra, i., 57, 59, 60 

— Family of, i., 55, 56, 6} 

— George, i., 59 

Cornell, George, brother of John Black, i., 60 

— George Birdsall, engineer, i., 63 

— Isaac Russell, i., 60 

— Jacob, 1., 59 

— Jacob Stiuirc, i., 57 

— James LeiTerts (Dr.), i,, 63 

— John (Colonel), i., 57 

— John (Lieutenant), i., 58 

— John, evangelist, i., 62 

— John, merchant, i., 59 

— John Black, inventor, i., 60, 61 

— Jolm Henry, composer, i., 62 

— John M., philanthropist, i., 62 

— Mary Katherine Osterburg, i., 62 

— Rebecca Briggs, i., 56 

— Richard (Deputy), i., 56, 57 

— Richard II., i., 57 

— Robert Clifford (Judge), i., 63 

— Sarah Cortilyou, i., 61 

— Thomas, i., 56 

— Thomas, of Portsmouth, i., 56 

— Thomas [1620?] i., 57 

— Thomas (Squire), i., S7 

— Thomas (Assemblyman), i., 57 

— Thomas (Captain), i., 58 

— Thomas, inventor, i., 59 

— William, i., 56 

— William (Captain), i., 57 

— William W., manufacturer, i., 6» 

— William Mason (Dr.), i., 61 

— Whitehead, i., 58 

— Whitehead II., i., 59 
Cornhill (for Cornell), i., 55 
Comill " " i., 55 
Cornwall " " i., 55 
Cornwallis, Lord, i., 46 

Corn well (for Cornell), i., SS, 56 
Cortilyou, Sarah, i, 01 
Couwenhoven, Johannes, i., 37 
— Maryken, i., 37 

Covington, E. M., i., 83 

— General, i., 83 

— (Delafield) Harriet B., i., 83 
Cox, Ann De Lancey, i., 97 

— John, i., 97 

Cressen (Cruger), Henrietta, i., 71 
Cromwell, Oliver, i., 14 
Crosby, Frederic V. S., i., 85 

— Julia R. F. Delafield, i., 85 
Cruger, Alfred, i , 73 

— Ann Markoe, i., 72 

— Ann Trezevant Heyward, i., 73 

— Anna de Nully, i., 72 

— Anne de Lancey, i. , 70 

— Bertram Peter, i., 73 

— Bertram, i., 74 

— Caroline M. Shepherd, i. , 74 



Cruger, Caroline Smith, i., 71 

— Catherine Church, i. , 73 

— Eliza Kortrighf, i. , 75 

— Eliza L. C. Dyckman, i., 73 

— Elizabeth Blair, i., 71 

— Elizabeth Harris, i., 69 

— Elizabeth Roberts, i., 73 

— Elizabeth Van Schaack, i., 70 

— Euphemia W. Van Rensselaer, i., 73 

— Eugene, i., 7; 

— Eugene [1836] i., 74 

— Family, i., 67, 75 

— Frances A. Jones, !., 73 

— Frances E. Rusher, i., 75 

— George Ehninger, i. , 74 

— George Seymour, i., 73 

— Gouverneur, (Rev.), !., 74 

— Hannah Slaughter Montgomery, i., 69 

— Henry Cressen, i., 72 

— Henry (Councillor), i., 69 

— Henry 11., the M.P., i., 70-71, 72 

— Henry III., i., 73 

— Henrietta Cressen, i., 70 

— Henry Harris, i., 72 

— Henry IVlortimer, i., 75 

— Henry Nicholas, i., 73 

— Henrietta Julia, i., 73 

— Harris [1795] i., 73 

— Harriet, i., 73 

— Harriet D., i,, 73 

— James Hamilton, i., 73 

— James Henderson, i., 75 

— John, the founder, i., 68 

— John Church, i., 7-) 

— John Harris (Colonel), i., 70, 72, 94 

— John, the merchant, i., 72 

— John Peach, i., 73 

— John Whetten, i., 7s 

— Julia Grinnell Storrow, i., 75 

— Laura A., i., 74 

— Lewis Trezevant, i., 73 

— Louise E. Ancrum Williamson, i., 73 

— Mary, i., 69 

— Mary Barnwell, 1., 73 

— Mary Boynton, i., 75 

— Maria Cuyler, i., 69 

— Mary Romaine, i., 75 

— Martha Ramsay, i., 72 

— Matilda Caroline, i., 72 

— Melville Wood, i., 73 

— Melvin S., i., 74 

— Nicholas, i., 71 

— Nicholas, Jr., i., 75 

— Nicholas III., i., 73, 74 

— Nicholas IV., i., 73, 75 

— Nicholas V., i., 75 

— Peter Cornee, i., 75 

Cruger, Philip, Sir, i., 08 

— Randolph, i., 74 

— Robert, i., 74 

— R. A. Blealsley, i., 74 

— Sarah E. Carter, i., 74 

— Sarah J. Maxwell, i,, 73 

— Stephen Van Rensselaer, (Colonel), i., 

74, 75 

— Susan Matilda Whetten Rathbone, i., 73 

— Telemon, i., 71 

— William Hyde, i., 73 

— William R., i., 75 
Cuyler (Cruger), Maria, i., 69 

Davenport, John (Rev.), i., 146 

De Kay (De Peyster), Frances, !., 109 

Delafield, Albert, i., 84 

— (Clarkson) Alice, i., 84 

— Anita Bogart, i., 85 

— Anna Baker, i., 84 

— Anne S. Lloyd, i., 85 

— Ann Hallet, i., 80 

— (Cook) Anna L., i., 85 

— Annie O. Brooks, i., 85 

— Benjamin T., i., 85 

— (Hall) Catherine C, i., 84 

— Charlotte H. Wyeth, i., 85 

— Clara C. Foster, i., 84 

— Clarence, i., 83 

— Clarence II., i., 85 

— (Sturgis) Cornelia, i., 84 

— (Woodbury) Cornelia, i., 85 

— Cornelia V. R., i., 85 

— (Krebben) Edith, i., 84 

— Edith Wallace, i., 83 

— Edward, i., 82 

— Edward, i., 84 

— Edward, i., 8s 

— Edward Joseph, i., 85 

— Elinor E. Langdon, i., 82 

— Eliza Bard, i., 8; 

— Eliza Bard II., i., 85 

— Eliza Paine, i., 83 

— Elizabeth, i., 85 

— Elizabeth Breese, i., 85 

— Elizabeth B. Moran, i., 84 

— Elizabeth Ray, i., 85 

— Elizabeth Schuchardt, i, 84 
Elsie Barber, i., 85 

— Emily Prime, i., 83 

— Eugene C, i., 85 

— Family, i., 79 

— Royd, i., 84 

— Francis, i., 84 

— Frederick, i., 85 



Delafield, Frederick Prime, i., 85 

— (Boyd) Harriet, 1., 85 

— Harriet Baldwin, i., 83 

— Harriet Cecil, i., 84 

— Harriet Coleman, i,, 85 

— Harriet W. TallmaJge, i., 81 

— Helen Summers, i., 8} 

— Henry, i., 82 

— Henry Parish, i., 84 

— John, the founder, i., 79, 80 

— John II., i., 81 

— John III., i., 8? 

— John IV., i., 84 

— Joseph (Major), i., 81 

— Julia, i., }0 

— (Longfellow) Julia, i., 85 

— Julia Floyd, i., 82 

— Julia Floyd II., i., 84 

— Julia Livingston, i., 82 

— Julia Livingston II., i., 83 

— Julia R. F., i., 8s 

— Katherine Floyd, i., 84 

— Katherine Van Rensselaer, i., 84 

— Lettice L. Sands, i., 85 

— Lewis Livingston, i., 85 

— Lewis Livingston II., i., 85 

— Lizzie H. Kamp, i., 84 

— Louisa Eaton, i., 84 

— Louisa Potter, i., 8j 

— Margaretta Beasley, i., 85 

— Marguerite M. Dewey, i., 84 

— Mary, 1., 85 

— (Sturgis) Mary, i., 84 

— (Dubois) Mary Ann, i., 83 

— Mary C. Livingston, i., 83 

— (Neely) Mary Floyd, i., 83 

— Mary P. Munson, i., 82 

— Mary Roberts, i., 81 

— Maturin Livingston, i., 83 

— Maturin Livingston II., i., 85 

— Nina M., i., 85 

— Richard, i., 82 

— Richard, i., 84 

— Robert Hare, !., 85 

— Rufus, i., 85 

— Rufus King, i., 85 

— Tallmadge, i., 83 

— Tallmadge II., i., 84 

— Wallace, i., 84 

— Walter, i., 84 

— William, i., 82 
Delamater (Brevoort), Catherine, i., 29 
De Lancey, Alice Izard, i., 97 

— (Cruger), Ann, 1., 70 

— Anne Van Cortlandt, i., 91 

— Anna, i., 95 

— Anne, i., 92 

De Lancey, Anne C, i., 97 

— Anne Cox, i., 97 

— Anne Heathcote, i., 93 

— Cornelia Barclay, i., 97 

— Edward Etienne, civil engineer, i., 98 

— Edward Floyd [1795], i., 97 

— Edward Floyd [1821], i., 97, 98 

— Elizabeth C, i., 94 

— Elizabeth E. H., i., 98 

— Elizabeth F., i., 96 

— Etienne (Stephen), i., 91, 92 

— Family, i.,8(), 90, 98 

— Frances Jay Munro, i., 97 

— Guy (Vicomte), i., 90, 91 

— Hannah S., i., 95 

— Jacques (Seigneur), i., 91 

— Jacques II. (Seigneur), i., 91 

— James (Judge), i., 92, 93, 94 

— James II., i., 95 

— Jane, i-i 97 

— John, i., 94 

— John, i., 95 

— John Peter, i., 95, 97 

— John Peter II., i., 98 

— John [1741]!., 96 

— Josephine, i., 98 

— Martha, !., 95 

— Margaret A., i., 95 

— Margaret M., 1., 98 

— Mary, i., 95 

— Mary E., i., 97 

— Oliver (General), i., 94, 95 

— Oliver (Lieutenant), i., 96 

— Oliver, i., 97 

— Peter, i., 94 

— Peter, i., 96, 97 

— Phila Franks, i., 94 

— Stephen (Etienne) the founder, i., 91, 


— Stephen II., i., 95 

— Stephen (Captain), i., 95 

— Stephen [1740], i., 96 

— Stephen [1748], i., 97 

— Susan, i., 92 

— Susan Augusta, i., 97 

— Susannah, daughter of Chief Justice, 

i, 95 

— Susannah, daughter of Peter, i., 97 

— Thomas J., i., 97 

— Thomas J. (II.), i., 97 

— Warren, i., 96 

— Wilhelmina, V. C, i., 98 

— William Heathcote (Bishop), i., 97 

— William Heathcote II., i., 98 

— William Howe (Sir), i., 97 

De la Noy (Beekman), Catherine Peters, i., 29 
Denning (Duer), Hannah, i., 130 



Denning, William, i., 130 
Denniston (Clinton), Elizabeth, i., 46 

De Nully, Anna, i., 72 
De Peyster, Abraham (Captain), i., 109 

— Abraham (Judge), i., 105, 104, 105 

— Abraham (Treasurer), i., 105, 106 

— Abraham [1742], i., 100 

— Abraham [1753], i., 109 

— Ann, i., ioq 

— Ann B., i., 109 

— Anna Bancker, i., 105 

— Anna Schuyler, i., 106 

— Arent Schuyler, i., 108 

— Arent 11., i., 109, 1 10 

— Augusta McEvers, i., 112 

— Augustus (Captain), i., 110, ill 

— Berthick H., i., 109 

— Catharina, i., 105 

— Catharine L., i., 109 

— Catharine Schuyler, i., 106 

— Christina B., i., 109 

— Cornelia Lubbertse, i., 102 

— Cornelius [1673], i., 105 

— Elizabeth B., i., 29 

— Elizabeth Brogan, i,, 109 

— Elizabeth Henry, i., 109 

— Elizabeth Rutgers, i., 109 

— Estelle Livingston, i., 112 

— Family, i., 1 13 

— Frances De Kay, i., 109 

— Frances Goodhue Ashton, i., 111 

— Frederick, i., 106 

— Frederick (Captain), i., 109, 111 

— Frederick J., i., 112 

— Frederick the Marquis, i., 107 

— Gerard, i., 106 

— Gerard [1737], i., 109 

— Helen Hake, i., 109 

— Henry, i., 1 13 

— Isaac, merchant, i., 105 

— Jane Jansen, i., 109 

— James [1745], '■, "09 

— James [1757], i., 109 

— James Abraham (Colonel), i., 107 

— James Ferguson, i., 111 

— Johannes (Renteneer), i., 102, 103 

— Johannes II., i., 105, 107 

— Johannes (Captain), i., 106 

— John [1731], i., 109 

— John J. [1781], i., 1 13 

— John Watts (Major-General), i., 112, 


— John Watts [1841], i., 113 

— Johnston Livingston, i., 113 

— Joseph Reade, i., 109 

— Julia Ann Toler, i., 1 13 

— Margaret K., i., 107 

De Peyster, Margaret Van Cortlandt, !., 106 

— Maria Antoinette Kane Hone, i., 111 

— Mary Bancker i., 105 

— Mary Justine Watts, i., in 

— Mary Livingston, i., 113 

— Mary O., i., 107 

— Mary Van Baal, i., 105 

— Nicholas, i., 109 

— Pierre Cortlandt, i., 113 

— Pierre Guilliaume [1707], i,, 106-108 

— Pierre Guilliaume II., i., 109 

— Richard Varick, i., 1 13 

— Robert Gilbert Livingston, i., 113 

— Sarah R., i., 107 

— Susan Maria C, i., 111 

— William, i., 109 

— William [1735], i., 109 

— William [1792], i., 1 13 
Defrich, George, i., 4 

Dewey (Delafield), Marie, i., 84 
De Witt (Clinton), Mary, i., 47 
De Zeng, Josephine M. De Lancey, i. , 98 

— William S., i., 98 
D'Hauteville, Elizabeth S. Fish, i., 141 

— Frederick S. G., i., 141 

Douglass (Barclay), Grace, i., 20 

— (Cruger), Harriet, i., 73 
Drawyer, Andrew (Admiral), i., 16 

— (Barclay) Anna D., i., 16 
Duane, Abraham, i., 123 

— (Pell) Adelia, i., 123 

— Althea Keteltas, i., 118 

— Anthony, the founder, i., 117 

— Cornelius, i., 123 

— Eve Benson, i., 117 

— Family, i., 117 

— James, i., 1 18 

— James Chatham, I., i., 123 

— James Chatham, II., i., 124 

— John, i., 123 

— (North) Maria, i., 123 

— Maria Livingston, i., 1 19 

— Marianne Bowers, i., 123 

— (Feathstonhaugh) Sarah, !., 123 
Du Bois, Cornelius, i., S3 

— (Delafield) Mary A., i., 83 
Duer, Alexander, i., 131 

— (Irving) Anna H., i., 131 

— Anna Van Buren, i., 132 

— Anne B, Bunner, i., 131 

— Beverly Chew, i., 132 

— Caroline King, i., 131 

— Catharine Alexander, i., 129 

— (Beam) Catherine A., i., 131 

— Catherine Robinson, i., 131 

— Denning, i., 132 

— (Smith) Catherine, i., 132 



Duer, Edward Alexander, i., 132 

— (Wilson) Eleanor J., i., 131 

— (King) Elizabeth D., i., 131 

— Elizabeth Mead, i., 132 

— Ellen Travers, i., 132 

— Family, i., 127 

— (Robinson) Frances, i., 130 

— (Hoyt) Frances M., i., 131 

— George Wickham, i., 131 

— Georgiana Huyler, 1., 131 

— Hannah M. Denning, i., 130 

— (Robinson) Henrietta, i., 130 

— (Gedney) Henrietta, i., 131 

— James Gore King, i., 132 

— John, i., I 30 

— John 11., i., 132 

— John Beverly, i., 132 

— John King, i., 131 

— Josephine Clark, i., 153 

— Lady Catharine, i., 129 

— Lady Kitty, i., 129 

— Louise Suydam, i., 132 

— Lucy Chew, i., 131 

— (Chew) Maria T., i., T30 

— Maria Westcott, i., 131 

— (Breck) Mary, i., 132 

— Mary A. Hamilton, i., 132 

— Rufus King, i., 132 

— (Smith) Sarah, i., 130 

— Sarah Du Pont, i., 132 

— Sophia Lawrence, i., 132 

— William (Judge), i., 131 

— William the founder, i., 127, 133 

— William 111., i., 132 

— William Alexander 11., i., 132 

— William Denning, i., 131 
Du Pont Henry, i., 132 

— (Duer), Sarah, i., 132 
Duyckinck (Beekman), Mary, i.,31 
Dyckman (Cruger), Eliza L. C, i., 73 

Ellison, Mary De Lancey, i., 97 

Feathstonhaugh, George W., i., 123 

— Sarah Duane, i., 123 

Fish, Clarence S. Bryce, i., 141 

— (Northcote) Edith, i., 141 

— (Hauteville) Elizabeth S., i., 141 

— (Monis) Elizabeth S., i., 139 

— Elizabeth Sackett, i., 137 

— Elizabeth Stuyvesant, i., 139 

— Emily N. Mann, i., 141 

— Family, i., 137 

Fish, Hamilton, i., 139 

— Hamilton 11., i., 141 

— Hamilton III., i., 141 

— Hamilton IV., i., 141 

— Jonathan the founder, i., 137 

— (Benjamin) Julia K., i., 141 

— Julia Kean, i., 141 

— (Neilson) Margaret A., i., 139 

— Marion Anthon, i., 142 

— Marion G. Anthon, i., 143 

— Nicholas (Colonel), i., 138 

— Nicholas, ii., 141 

— (Webster) Sarah, i., 141 

— Sidney Webster, i., 142 

— Stuyvesant, i., 139 

— Stuyvesant (railway-president), i., 141 

— Stuyvesant 11., i., 142 

— (Le Roy) Susan, i., 139 

— (Rogers) Susan L., i., 141 
Floyd, Elizabeth De Lancey, i.,'96 

— (Delafield) Julia, i., 82 

— NicoU, i.,82 

— Nicoll (Colonel), i., 82 

— Richard (Colonel), i. , 96 

— William, i., S2 

Foster (Delafield), Clara C, i., 84 

— Frederick, 1., 84 
Franklin, Benjamin, i., 03 

— (Clinton) Maria, 1., 52 
Franks, Phila De Lancey, i., 94 
Fraunces, Samuel, i., 92 
Fulton, Robert, ii., 97 

Gardiner, Abigail Worth, i., 152 

— Abraham (Captain), i., 151 

— Abraham (Colonel), i., i^o 

— Adele Griswold, i., 153 

— Baldwin, i., 153 

— Coralie Livingston, i., 153 

— Coralie L. Jones, i., 153 

— Daniel Dennison, i., 151 

— David, i., 149 

— David, i , 1=52 

— David (the lawyer), i., 153 

— David (4th Lord), i., 150 

— David (oth Lord), i., 131 

— David Johnson (8th Lord), i., 153 

— David Johnson II., i., 153 

— Deborah L. Avery, i., 151 

— Elenor Groesbeck, i., 152 

— Elizabeth Allyn, i., 149 

— Elizabeth Coit, i., 150 

— Elizabeth Hedges, i., 149 

— Elizabeth Mulford, i., 151 



Gardiner, Eunice Otis, i., 151 

— Family, i., 145 

— Frances Mulford, i., 153 

— Hannah Havens, i., 151 

— Howell, i., 152 

— Jeremiah, i., 151 

— Jerusha Buel, i., 151 

— Joanna Conkling, i., 151 

— John, i., 151 

— John (of Batons Neck), i., 151 

— John i., 153 

— John, Jr., i., 151 

— John (3d Lord), i., 149 

— John (5th Lord), i., 151 

— John (Dr.), i., 151 

— John David (Rev.), i., 153 

— John Griswold, i., 153 

— John Lyon, i., 153 

— John Lyon II., i., 153 

— Joseph (Captain), i., 150 

— Julia Havens, i., 152 

— Juliana McLachlan, i., 152 

— (Tyler) Juliana, i., 152 

— Lion, the founder, i., 145 

— Louise L. Veron, i., 153 

— Lydia Dann, i., 152 

— Lyon, i., 153 

— Margaret Moore, i., 152 

— Mary L'Hommedieu, i., 153 

— Mary C. L'Hommedieu, i., 153 

— Mary King, i., 149 

— Mary Leringman, i., 149 

— Mary Smith, i., 151 

— Mary Thompson, i., 153 

— Mary Wilemson, i., 146 

— Nathaniel (Dr.), i., 151 

— Phoebe Weed, i., 152 

— Rachel Gardiner, i., 151 

— Samuel (Captain), i., 150 

— Samuel, i., 151 

— Samuel Buel (loth Lord), i., 153 

— Samuel Smith, i., 152 

— Sara Grant, i., 150 

— Sarah Chandler, i., 149 

— Sarah Griswold, i., 152 

— Susan Mott, i., 153 

— William, i., isi 

— Winthrop, i., 153 
Gedney, David, i., 131 

— Henrietta Duer, i., 131 
Gibbes (Astor), Charlotte Augusta, i., 8 
Gray, Mary Little (Clinton), i., 47 
Gustavus Adolphus, King, i., 13 


Hake (De Peyster), Helen, i., 109 
Hall (De Peyster), Berthick, i., 109 

Hall, Catherine C. Delafield, i., 84 

— JohnJ., i., 84 

Hallett (Delafield), Ann, i., 80 

— Joseph, i., 80 
Hamilton, Adelaide, i., 163 

— Alexander, i., 163 

— Alexander, i., 71, 109, 121, 122, 138, 


— Alexander (Laird), i., 137 

— Alexander IL, i., 161 

— Alexander III., i., 162 

— Alice, i., 163 

— Allen McLane, !., 163 

— Charles Apthorp i., 163 

— Charlotte Augusta, i., 163 

— Charlotte Pierson, i., 163 

— (Schuyler) Eliza, i., 162 

— Elizabeth, i., 163 

— Elizabeth Schuyler, i., 161 

— Family, i., 157 

— James, i., 157 

— James Alexander, i., 162 

— John Church, i., 162 

— Juliet P. Morgan, i., 164 

— Maria Eliza, i., 163 

— Maria E. Van den Heuval, i., 162 

— Mary Augusta, i., 132 

— (Schuyler) Mary M., i., 162 

— Philip, i., 161 

— Philip, II., i., 162 

— Schuyler (Major-General), i., 162 

— Schuyler, Jr., i., 164 

— William Gaston, I., 163 

— William Pierson, i., 164 
Harris (Cruger), Elizabeth, i., 69 
Hauteville, Elizabeth S. Fish d', i., 141 

— Frederick S. G. d', i., 141 
Hayward (Cruger), Ann T., i., 73 
Heathcote (De Lancey), Ann, i., 

— Caleb, i., 93, 94 
Hedges (Gardiner), Elizabeth, i., 
Hicks, Abigail B., i., 59 

— (Cornell) Charity, i., 57 

— Charlotte Brevoort, i., 30 

— Whitehead (Mayor), i., 39 
Hitchcock, Lieutenant-Colonel, i., 58 
Hobart, Bishop, i., 97 

Hoffman, Abraham, i., 176 

— Adrian (Dr.), i., 179 

— Alida L. Hansen, i., 172 

— Ann C, Stoutenburgh, i., 179 

— Anthony (Colonel), i., 175 

— Anthony (Judge), i., 173 

— Anthony A. (Judge), i., 176 

— Anthony N., i., 179 

— Arthur Gilnian, i., 184 

— Beekman Verplanck (Captain), i., 179 





Hoffman, Beulah Murray, i., 177 

— Cadwallader Colden (Rev.), i., 180 

— Catharina van Gaasbeck, i., 173 

— Catharine Douw, i., 175 

— Catharine Verplanck, i., 175 

— Charles Fenno, i., 182 

— Charles Frederick (Rev.), i., 183 

— Cornelia R. Vredenburgh, i., 173 

— David Murray, i., 180 

— Edward Fenno, i., 184 

— Edy Silvester, i., 176 

— Eleanor L. Vail, !., 183 

— Elizabeth Baylies, i., 184 

— Elizabeth Snedeker, i., 176 

— Emily Burrall, i., 182 

— Emmerentje, C. D. W., i., 171 

— Eugene Augustus (Rev. Dr.), i., 182 

— Eugene Augustus II., i,, 184 

— Family, !., lOo 

— Frances A. Burr,all, i., iSo 

— Gertrude Verplanck, i., 176 

— Glorvina R. Storm, i., 178 

— Harmanus (Captain), i., 175 

— Helena Kissam, i., 176 

— Helena Van Wyck, i., 174 

— Jane Hoffman, i., 176 

— John Thompson (Governor), i., 183 

— John White, i., 184 

— Josiah Ogden (Judge), i., 177 

— josiah Ogden, II., i., 184 

— Lindley Murray, i., 180 

— Lindley Muiiay II., i., 184 

— Lysbeth Hermans, i., 177 

— Margaret Bayard, i., 176 

— M.aria Fenno, i., 178 

— Martin, the founder, !., 170 

— Martin (Colonel), i., T72, 173 

— Martin (Captain), i., 176 

— Martin, i., 177 

— Martin, i., 180 

— Mary Colden, i., T78 

— Mary C. Elmendorf, i., 183 

— Mary Frances Seton, i., 177 

— Mary M. Ogden, i., 180 

— Mary Rutgers, i. , 175 

— Matilda, i., 181 

— Mills, i., 172 

— Murray (Judge), i., 180 

— Nicolaes (Captain), i., 171 

— Nicholas (Captain), i., 171 

— Nicholas, i., 174 

— Nicholas Anthony, i., 176 

— Ogden, i., 181 

— Ogden (Judge), !., 184 

— Philip Livingston, i., 176 

— Philip Verplanck, i,, 178 

— Phoebe Pell, i., 179 

Hoffman, Phoebe W. Townsend, i., 180 

— Rachel Dubois, i , 176 

— Richard Anthony (Dr.), i., 179 

— Richard Kissam (Dr.), i., 179 

— Robert (Colonel), i., 175 

— Samuel Southard (Colonel), i., 184 

— Samuel Verplanck, i., 178 

— — — II., i., 1S4 

— Sarah Ogden, i., 174 

— Sarah Van Alstyne, i. , 175 

— Tryntje Benson, i., 172 

— Virginia E. Southard, !., 182 

— Wickham (Colonel), i., 184 

— William (Dr.), i., 178 

— Zachariah (Lieutenant), i., 176 

— Zacharias (Captain), i., 171 

— — II., (Captain), i., 173 

— Zecharias (Captain), i., 171 
Holmes, Abiel (Dr.), ii., 243 

— Oliver Wendell, ii., 243 

— Sarah Wendell, ii., 243 
Hone (De Peyster), Maria A. K., !., in 
Hoyt, Frances M. Duer, !., 131 

— Henry S., i., 131 
Hull,, i., 40 

Hunter, Elizabeth E. De Lancey, i., 98 

— Governor, i., 28 


Irving, Anna H. Duer, i., 131 

— Pierre P. (Rev.), i., 131 

— Washington, i., 39, 40, 41 
Izard, Alice De Lancey, i., 97 

— Ralph, i., 07 

Jansen, (De Peyster) Jane, i. , 109 
Jay (Balch), Anna, i., 199 

— (von Schweintz), Anna, i., 200 

— Anna Maria, i., 191 

— (Pienepont) Anna Maria, i., 199 

— Anna M. Bayard, i., 191 

— (Robinson) Augusta, i., 200 

— Augusta McVickar, i., 198 

— Augustus, i., 200 

— Augustus 11., i., 191, 192 

— Augustus the founder, i., 190 

— (Dubois) Catherine, i., 199 

— (Chapman) Eleanor, i., 200 

— Eleanor K. Field, i., 199 

— (Pellew) Eliza, i., 199 

— Emily Astor Kane, i., 200 

— Euphemia Dunscombe, i., 192 

— (Munro) Eva, i., 191 

— Family, !., 189 

— (Van Cortlandt) Frances, i., 191 

— Frederick, i., 191 



Jay, Harriette A. Vinton, i., 200 

— James (Dr.), i-, 191, 192 

— John, i., 199 

— John (Chief-Justice), i., 191 

— John Clarkson (Dr.), i., 199 

— John Clarkson II., (Dr.), 1., 200 

— Josephine Pearson, i., 199 

— (Van Horn) Judith, i., 191 

— Julie Post, !., 200 

— (Wurts) Laura, i., 200 

— Laura Prime, i., 199 

— Lucy Oelrichs, i., 200 

— Margaret Barclay, i., 192 

— (Banyer) Maria, i., 197 

— (Butter worth) Maria B., i., 199 

— (Edwards) Mary, i., 200 

— (Schieffelin) Mary, i., 200 

— (Valletta) Mary, i., 191 

— Mary Duyckinck, i., 192 

— Mary R. Clarkson, i., 197 

— (Prime) Mary Rutherford, i., 199 

— Mary Van Cortlandt, i., 191 

— Peter, i., 190 

— Peter (Jr.), i., 191 

— Peter II., i., 191 

— Peter Augustus, i., 197 

— — — "•, i-. '99 

— — — III., i. , 200 

— Pierre, i., 190 

— (Dawson) Sarah, i., 199 

— (Bruen) Sarah Louisa, i., 199 

— Sarah V. B. Livingston, i., 195 

— (Clarkson) Susan Maria, i., 199 

— William, i., 198 

— William (Colonel), i., 200 
Jefferson, Thomas, i., 40 
Johnson, Samuel (Rev.), i., 17 
Jones, Anne DeLancey, i. , 95 

— (Clinton) Catherine, i., 52 

— De Witt Clinton, i., 52 

— (Cruger) Frances A., i., 73 

— Julia DeWitt, i., 52 

— Thomas (judge), i., 95 


Kamp (Delafield), Lizzie H., i., 84 

— Richard, i., 84 
Kean (Fish), Julia, i., 141 

Keoncott (De Peyster), Margaret, i., 107 
Keteltas, Abraham (Rev.), i., 118 

— (Duane), Althea, i., 118 

— (Beekman), Jane, i., 31 
Kieft, William (Governor), i., 56 
King, Adelaide L. Yorke, i., 21 j 

— Adeline McKee, i., 212 

— (Paterson) Alice C, i., 211 

King, Archibald Gracie, i., 131, 212 

— Caroline, i., 211 

— Caroline, i., 222 

— (Duer) Caroline, i., 131, 211 

— Charles (General), i., 213 

— Charles (President), i., 209 

— Charles Ray (Dr.), i., 212 

— Cornelius Low (Colonel), i., 212 

— Cyrus, i., 206 

— Edward, i., 211 

— Edward II., i., 212 

— (Halsey) Eliza G., i., 21 1 

— Eliza Gracie, i., 209 

— Elizabeth D. Duer, i., 131,212 

— Elizabeth Fisher, !., 212 

— Elizabeth Lewis, i., 212 

— (Van Rensselaer) Elizabeth R., i., 211 

— Emily Post, i. , 211 

— (Paterson) Emily S., i., 211 

— (Martin) Esther, i., 21 1 

— Family, i., 205 

— (McLane) Fanny L., i., 211, 212 

— Frederic Gore (Dr.), i., 211 

— (Davis) Frederica G., i., 210 

— (Schuyler) Gertrude, i., 211 

— Hannah Fisher, i., 212 

— (Wilkes) Harriet, i., 211 

— Henrietta Low, i., 210 

— Isabella Bragdon, i., 206 

— Isabella R. Cochrane, i., 212 

— James Gore, i., 131,211 

— James Gore II., i., 131, 21 1 

— Janet de Kay, i., 212 

— John, the founder, i., 205 

— John Alsop (Lieutenant), i., 208 

— John Alsop II., i., 212 

— Julia Lawrence, i., 212 

— Maria Williamson, i., 213 

— (Gardiner) Mary, I., 149 

— (Nightingale) Mary, i., 211 

— (Richards), Mary, i., 211 

— (Waddington), Mary A., i., 211 

— Mary Alsop, i., 206 

— Mary Black, i., 206 

— Mary C. Rhinelander, i., 212 

— Mary Ray, i., 209 

— Mary Stowell, i., 205 

— Nancy Fisher, i., 212 

— Richard, i., 206 

— Richard II., i., 212 

— Rufus, founder in New York, i., 206 

— Rufus II. (General), i., 212 

— Rufus 111., i., 213 

— Sarah R. Gracie, i., 211 

— Sarah Worthington, i., 211 

— Susan Elliott, i., 212 

— William (Governor), i., 206 



King, William Gracie (Colonel), 1., 212 
Kip, Abraham, i., 221 

— (Rhinelander), Adelaide, i., 226 

— Anna de Sille, i., 219 

— Anne C. Wilson, i., 225 

— Brockholst Livingston, i., 224 

— Catalina de la Noy, i., 221 

— Catalina de Suyers, i., 219 

— Charlotte M. Wells, i., 223 

— Cornelia Brady, i., 220 

— Cornelia Lewis, i., 223 

— Elizabeth C. Kinney, i., 226 

— Elizabeth Marschalk, i., 222 

— (Storrs) Elizabeth, i., 224 

— Eva K. M., i., 225 

— Eva Lorrillard, i., 225 

— Family, i., 217 

— Francis M. (Rev.), i., 225 

— George Goelet, i., 225 

— Harriet L. Van Rensselaer, i., 224 

— Hendrick, the founder, i., 217, 218 

— Hendrick 11., i., 219 

— Hendrick 111., i., 221 

— Henri or, Henry II., i., 218 

— Henry 111., i., 223 

— Henry IV., i., 225 

— Isaac, i., 219 

— Isaac, i., 221 

— Isaac, i., 221 

— Isaac, i., 221 

— Isaac, i., 222 

— Isaac (Dr.), i., 222 

— Isaac Lewis, i., 224 

— Isaac Lewis (Dr.), i., 226 

— Jacob, i., 219 

— Jacob, i., 221 

— Jacob, i., 221 

— jean Baptiste, i. , 218 

— John, i., 221 

— Lawrence, i., 226 

— Lawrence (Colonel), i., 225 

— Leonard, i., 222 

— Leonard 11., i., 224 

— Leonard ML, i., 224 

— Leonard IV., i., 225 

— Leonard William, i., 224 

— Leonard William, Jr., (Rev), i., 226 

— Magdalena Van VIeeck, i., 221 

— Margaret de Marveil, i., 218 

— Maria E. Lawrence, i., 224 

— Mana Ingraham, i., 224 

— Maria Vermilyea, i., 219 

— Marie de la Montagne, i., 219 

— (Kane) Mary, i., 224 

— Mary R. Bayard, i., 225 

— Nicholas, i., 221 

— Rachel Kip, i., 222 

Kip, Rachel Swarthout, i., 221 

— Roeloff, i., 217, 218 

— Roeloff II., i., 218 

— Roeloff III., i., 222 

— Samuel I., i., 222 

— Samuel II., i., 223 

— Sarah de Mille, i., 221 

— Sarah Smith, i., 224 

— (Burgess) Sophia, i., 224 

— William F., i., 222 

— William Ingraham (Rev.), i., 224 

— William Ingraham 11., i. 221 

— William Ingraham 111., i., 226 

— William V. B., i., 220 
Knickerbocker, Dietrich, i., 40 
Kortright (Cruger), Eliza, i., 73 
Krebben, Christian C, i., 84 

— Edith Delafield, i., 84 
Kuyter Jochiem P. (Captain), i., 36 

Langdon (Delafield), Elinor E., i., 82 

— John, i., 82 

— Thomas E., i., 82 
Lawrence, Abraham Riker, i., 237 

— Abraham Riker (Judge), i., 243, 244 

— Adam, i., 235 

— Albert Gallatin (General), i., 244 

— Alfred Newbold, i., 244 

— Alice W. Work, i., 245 

— Amy Whipple, i., 234 

— Andrew (Captain), i., 236 

— Anna, i., 244 

— (Delafield) Anna A., i., 83 

— Anna Townsend, i., 236 

— Augusta M. Nicoll, I., 240 

— Catharine i., 246 

— Catherine Farmer, i., 234 

— Catherine Livingston, i., 234-235 

— Catherine Remsen, i., 236 

— Clement, i., 245 

— Charles William, i., 243 

— Christina Knell, i., 241 

— Cornelia A., i., 242 

— Cornelius Van Wyck, i., 240 

— David, i., 234. 

— Deborah Smith, i., 232, 234 

— Deborah Woodhill, i., 233 

— Deborah Woolsey, i., 233 

— Edward Newbold, i., 244 

— Effingham, i., 233 

— — '•, =44 

— — •••, "•, 2}4 

— — III., i., 236 

— — (Judge), i., 236 

— Eliza Miner, i., 244 



Lawrence, Elizabeth Little, i., 233 

— Elizabeth Smith, i., 232 

— Elizabeth Watson, i., 236 

— Estell, i., 237 

— Eugene, i., 241 

— Family, i., 229 

— Ferdinand, i., 241 

— Hannah Bowne, i., 233 

— Hannah Newbold, i., 244 

— Harriet, i., 242 

— Henry, i., 230 

— Henry, i., 242, 243 

— (Beekman) Isabella, i., 32 

— Isabella E. Burgoyne, i., 241 

— Isaphene C, i., 242 

— James (Sir), i., 229 

— James (Captain), i., 238-239 

— John, i., 230-231 

— John, i., 233 

— John, 1., 234 

— John, i., 237 

— John (Captain), i., 233 
_ John (Judge), i., 233 

— John Burling, i., 244 

— John L., i., 237 

— John L., i., 243 

— John L., i., 244 

— John L., i., 244-245 

— John Smith, i., 243 

— John Watson, i., 240 

— Jonathan, i., 233 

— Jonathan, i., 236 

— Jonathan (Major), i., 235 

— Jonathan (Dr.), i-, 243 

— Jonathan (Jr.), i., 243 

— Jonathan V., i., 233 

— Joseph, i., 232-233 

— Joseph, i., 234 

— Joseph, i., 237 

— Joseph, i., 241 

— Judith Fish, i., 235 

— Julia B., i., 242 

— Julia Montandevert, i., 239 

— Lavinia Oliver, !., 245 

— Lydia A., i., 244 

— Margaret S. Mtiller, i., 237 

— Maria C. Prall, i., 240 

— Maria E., i., 242 

— Mary, i., 231 

— (Whittinghame) Mary, i., 231 

— Mary Betts, !., 234 

— Mary A. Jones, i., 237 

— Mary K. Bowne, i., 240 

— Mary Richardson, i., 243 

— Mary Sackett, i., 237 

— Mary Townley, i., 232 

— Mary Woodbury, i., 2'i'} 

Lawrence, Matilda Washington, 1., 229 

— Nicholas, i., 237 

— Obadiah, i., 234 

— Oliver, i., 245 

— Patience Sackett, i., 233 

— Rachel A. Hicks, 1., 240 

— Richard, i., 230 

— Richard, i., 233 

— Richard, i., 236-237 

— Richard, i., 243 

— Richard, i., 243 

— Richard (Captain), i., 235 

— Robert (Sir), i., 229 

— Rosetta Townsend, i., 241 

— Ruth, i., 245 

— Ruth Rikev, i., 235 

— Samuel (Judge), i., 236 

— Samuel Adams, i., 2;6 

— Samuel Sterry (Dr.), i., 241 

— Sarah Smith, i., 237 

— Sarah A. Smith, i., 237 

— Sophy Tilley, i., 243 

— Susanna T. Eaton, i., 234 

— Sybil Sterry, i., 234 

— Thamen Fisher, i., 236 

— Thomas, i., 237 

— Thomas (Captain), i., 234 
— . Thomas (Captain), i., 235 

— Thomas (Major), i., 230, 231 

— Thomas of Newton, !., 233 

— W.ilter, i., 236 

— Watson E. (Judge), i., 240 

— William, i., 230 

— William, i., 232 

— William, i., 236 

— William, i., 246 

— Willliam (Dr.), i., 234 

— William (Judge), i., 230, 231 

— William Anderson, i., 243 

— William Beach, i., 241, 242, 243 

— William Miner, i., 24s 

— William T., i., 237 

— William Thomas, i., 243 
Lefferts (Brevoort), Elizabeth D., i., 41 

— Lefferts, i., 41 
Leisler, Jacob (Governor), i., 28 
Lent, Abraham, i., 19 

— (Barclay) Dentie or Dientje, i., 19 
Le Roy, Catherine Rutgers, ii., 139 

— Cornelia Rutgers, ii., 139 

— Daniel, i., 139 

— Jacob, ii., 109 

— Susan Fish, i., 119 
Lerringman (Gardiner), Mary, i., 149 
Lewis, Ann, i., 253 

— Elizabeth Annesley, i., 251 

— Elizabeth Ludlow, i., 253 



Lewis, Family, i., 249-256 

— Francis, jr., i., 253 

— Francis, the Signer, i., 82, 249, 250, 252- 


— Gertrude Livingston, i., 255 

— Margaret (DeLifield), i., 82 

— Morgan (General), i., 82, 253-254-25S- 

Library, the Astor, i., 7 

— the New York Society, i., 18 
Lincoln, Abraham, i., 140 
Livingston, Abraham ii., 16 

— Albert Gallatin ii., 14, 15 

— Alida, ii., 11 

— Anne Home S., ii., 16 

— Brockholst [1757], ii., 12, 13 

— (Ten Broeck), Catharine, ii., n 

— Catherine, ii., 11 

— Charles Carroll, ii., 13 

— Cornelia Beekman, ii., 6 

— Edward, i., 130; ii., 13, 14, 15 

— Eliza, ii.,16 

— Elizabeth Knight, ii., 5 

— Elizabeth S., ii., 16 

— (De Peyster), Estelle, i., 112 

— Eugene Augustus, i., 83 

— Family, ii., 3, 17 

— Gilbert, ii., 6, 7, 13 

— Henry, ii., 11 

— Henry, ii., 12 

— Henry B., ii., 16 

— Henry W., ii., 12 

— Herman, ii., 12 

— James, ii., 7 

— James, ii., 11 

— James, ii., 17 

— James (Colonel), ii., 16 

— (Van Home), Johanna, ii., 6 

— John, ii., 7 

— John, ii., 11 

— John, ii,, 1 1 

— John, ii., 17 

— John (of Oak Hill), ii., 12 

— John (Colonel), ii., 5 

— John (Rev.), ii., 3, 4 

— Joh^ G., ii., 1 12 

— John Henry (Rev.), ii., 13 

— John P., ii., 16 

— John Swift, ii., 12 

— John William (Admiral), ii., 16 

— Johnston, ii., 12 

— Johnston II., ii., 12 

— (Delafield), Julia, i., 82 

— Katherine Van Brugh, ii., 5 

— Louis, ii., 12 

— Margaret, i., 139 

— Margaret, ii., 11 

Livingston, (Vetch), Margaret, ii., 6 

— Margaretta Schuyler, ii., 7 

— Maria K., ii., 11 

— (Decare) Mary, ii., 11 

— (De Peyster , Mary, i., iij 

— (Penn Allen), Mary, ii., 12 

— (Thong), Mary, ii., 7 

— (Delafield), Mary C, i., 83 

— Maturin (Judge), i., 82 

— Maturin, ii., 17 

— Maturin II., ii., 17 

— Peter, ii., 7 

— Peter R., ii., 11 

— Peter R.,ii., 12 

— Peter Van Brugh, ii., 7-9 

— Philip, ii., 5-7 

— Philip, ii., 7, 8 

— Richard (Lieutenant-Colonel), ii., 16 

— Robert, i., 118; ii., 4-5 

— Robert, ii., 7 

— Robert, ii., 17 

— Robert (of Clermont), ii.,6, 7, 10, 11, 


— Robert (Nephew), ii. , 6, 7 , 1 7 
-^ Robert Cambridge, ii., 11, 12 

— Robert Cambridge II., ii., 12 

— Robert Cambridge III., ii., 12 

— Robert Cambridge IV., ii., 12 

— Robert R. (Chancellor), ii., 13, 14 

— Robert R. (Judge), ii., 10, 11, 13 

— Sylvia, ii., 12 

— Walter, ii., 11 

— Walter [1740], ii., 12 

— William (Governor), ii., 7, 9. "1 ^- 
Lloyd (Delafield), Anne S., i., 85 
Longfellow, Frederick H., i., 85 

— Julia Delafield, i., 85 

Low, Isaac, i., 69 

Lubbertse, Cornelia De Peyster, i., 102 
Lynch, Thomas, i., 118 


McAdam, Anne Charlotte De Lancey, i., 97 

— John L., i., 97 

— William I., 69 
McEvers, Charles, i., 69 
McGee (Barclay), Fanny, i., 20 
Madison, James, i., 49, 50 
Mann (Fish), Emily N., i., 141 
Markoe (Cruger), Ann, i., 72 
Marshall (Barclay), Margaret, i., 20 
Maur-Rhys, ii., 22 

Maxwell (Cruger), Sarah J., i., 73 
Mead (Duer), Elizabeth, i., 132 

— Orlando, i., 132 
Milledoler (Beekman), Abian Steele, i., 32 



Milledoler, Philip (Rev. Dr.), i., 31 
Montgomery, Hannah S., i., 69 

Moran, Daniel E., i., 84 

— (Delafield), Elizabeth B., !., 84 

Morris, A. P., ii., 34 

— Anna M., ii., 35 

— Anna R. Russell, ii., 36 

— Annie C, i., 55 

— (De Peyster), Augusta M., i., 112 

— Eleanor R., ii., 36 

— Elizabeth S. Fish, i., 139 

— Emily Lorillard, ii., 36 

— Family, ii., 21 

— Fordham, ii., 36 

— Francis (Commodore), ii., 36 

— Gerard Walton, ii., 35 

— Gouverneur, ii., 29 

— Gouverneur II., ii., 33 

— Gouverneur 111., ii., 35 

— Gouverneur IV., ii., 35 

— Helen Van Cortlandt, ii., 34 

— Henry, ii., 35 

— Henry Lewis, ii., 36 

— Isabella Graham, ii., 26 

— Jacob (General), ii., 33 

— James (Captain), ii., 34 

— John (Captain), ii., 22 

— Katrintje Staats, ii., 29 

— Lewis (Chief Justice), ii., 24 

— Lewis (Colonel), ii., 22 

— Lewis (Colonel), ii., 34 

— Lewis III., ii., 28 

— Lewis IV., ii., 29 

— Lewis Gouverneur, ii., 34 

— Lewis Spencer, ii., ^6 

— Martha J. Gary, ii., 35 

— Mary Cox, ii., 34 

— Mary Walton, ii., 32 

— Randolph, ii., 35 

— Richard, ii., 29 

— Richard (Captain), ii., 21 

— Richard (Judge), ii., 32 

— Richard Lewis (Dr.), i., 139 

— Richard Valentine II., ii., 35 

— Richard Valentine (Commodore), ii., 34 

— Robert (of Fordham), ii., 34 

— Robert Hunter (Governor), ii., 28 

— Robert Hunter II., ii., 34, 35 

— Sarah Pole, ii., 25 

— Sarah Gouverneur, ii., 29 

— Sarah Ludlow, ii., 32 

— Staats Long, ii., 29 

— William, ii., 22 

Morse (Delafield), Elizabeth B., i., 85 

— Sidney, i., 85 
Munro, Frances De Lancey, i., 97 

— Peter Jay, i., 97 

Munson (Delafield), Mary P., i., 82 
— Judge, i., 82 


Neely, Henry A., i. 83 

— Henry A. (Rev.), i., 83 

— (Delafield), Mary F., i., 83 
Neilson, John (Dr.), i., 139 

— Margaret A. Fish, i., 139 
New York Society Library, i., 18 
NicoUs, Richard (Governor), i., 56, 57, 67 
North, Maria Duane, i., 123 

— William (General), i., 123 
Northcote, Edith Fish, i., 141 

— Oliver, i., 141 

Oakley, Matilda C. C, i., 72 

— Thomas j. (Chief justice), i., 72 
Octave (De Peyster), Mary, i., 107 

Ogilvie, J. (Rev.), i., 16 
Oldfield (Barclay), Lillie, i., 20 
Osgood, Alfred (Rev.), ii., 45 

— Alfred T.,ii., 46 

— Caroline T. Lawrence, ii., 46 

— Catharine R. Montgomery, ii., 47 

— Clara Runyon, ii., 40 

— Daniel (Rev.), ii., 42 

— David (Rev.), ii., 46 

— David L., ii., 46 

— Family, ii., 41 

— Frances, ii., 46 

— Harriet K., ii., 46 

— Harriet K. Ladd, ii., 46 

— Henry (Dr.), ii., 42 

— Herbert L. (Professor), ii., 47 

— Howard (Rev.), ii., 46 

— Howard Lawrence, ii., 47 

— Isaac (Colonel), ii., 42 

— John (Colonel), ii., 42 

— John (Captain), the founder, ii., 41 

— Joseph (Dr.), ii., 43 

— Julia, ii., 45 

— Kendall (Dr.), ii., 42 

— Maria Bowne Franklin, ii., 45 

— Maria Carle, ii., 46 

— Martha Brandon, ii., 45 

— (Genet), Martha B. II., ii., 45 

— Mary M., ii., 46 

— Paulia C. Pelt, ii., 46 

— Peter (Captain), ii., 42, 45 

— Samuel (Captain), ii., 42 

— Samuel (Colonel), ii., 43, 44 

— Samuel (Rev.), ii., 45 

— Samuel StiUman, ii., 46 



Osgood (Field), Susan M., ii., 45 

— Tliaddeus (Rev.), ii., 42 

— Walter Franklin, ii., 45 
Osterburg (Cornell), Mary C, i., 02 

Paine (Delafield), Eliza, i., 83 

Paterson (Van Rensselaer), Cornelia, ii., 219 

— William (Governor), ii., 219 
Paul (Astor), Mary D., i., 8 
Pell, Adelia Duane, i., 123 

— George W., i., 123 

— James D., i., 123 

— John A., i., 123 

— Richard M., i., 123 

— Robert L., i., 123 

Perry O. H. (Commodore), i., 41 
Peters, Hugh (Rev.), i., 146 
Phillips, Margaret Wendell, ii., 243 

— Wendell, ii., 243 

— William, ii., 24-5 
Pool (Duer), Sophia L., i., r ?2 
Potter, Abigail Stevens, ii., 55 

— Alice Key, ii., 55 

— Alonzo (Bishop), ii., 53 

— Anna, ii., 55 

— Anna Knight, ii., 53 

— Charles Henry, ii., 55 

— Clarkson N., ii., 54 

— David T., ii., 55 

— Edward Tuckerman, ii., 55 

— Eliphalet N., ii., ss 

— Eliza Rogers, ii., 55 

— Esther Sheldon, ii., 53 

— Family, ii., 51 

— Frank Hunter, ii., 55 

— Frances Seton, ii. , 55 

— Frances Tileston, ii., 55 

— Harriet D. Jones, ii., 55 

— Helen Fuller, ii., 55 

— Henry Codman (Bishop), ii., 55 

— Horatio (Bishop), ii., 53 

— Horatio, Jr., ii., 55 

— Howard, ii., 55 

— James Neilson, ii., 5"; 

— Jane Burlingame, ii., 51 

— John, ii., 53 

— John, ii., 53 

— John, ii., ■;3 

— Joseph, ii., s? 

— Julia Blatchford, ii., 53 

— (Delafield), Louisa, i., 83 

— Margaret Pollock, ii., 55 

— (Thompson), Maria, ii., 55 

— Mary J., ii., 55 

— Mary Jane, ii., 55 

Potter, Mary J. Tomlinson, ii., 5; 

— Mary L. Brown, ii., 55 

— Paraclete, i., 83 

— (Delafield), Paraclete, i., 83 

— Phoebe, ii., 55 

— Phoebe Arnold Greene, ii., 51 

— Robert, the founder, ii., 51 

— Robert B. (General), ii., 55 

— Robert Minturn, ii., 55 

— Ruth Fisher, ii., 53 

— Sarah M. Nott, ii., 53 

— Sarah Porter, ii., 55 

— Thomas, ii., S3 

— Virginia Mitchell, ii., 55 

— William A., ii., s? 

— William Bleecker (Professor), ii., 55 
Prime (Delafield), Emily, i., 83 

— Frederick, i., 83 

Ramsay (Cruger), Martha, i., 72 
Rapalje, Agnes Bergen, ii., 67 

— Aletje Cornell, ii., 65 

— Anna Denys, ii., 64 

— Annetje, ii., 64 

— Augustus, ii., 70 

— Catalina Trico, ii., 64 

— Catalyntje, ii., 64 

— Cornelius, ii., 65 

— Cornelius, ii., 66 

— Daniel, ii,, 64 

— Daniel, ii., 65 

— Daniel, ii., 66 

— Daniel, ii., 67 

— Daniel (Major), ii., 67 

— Daniel (Rev.), ii., 67 

— Derrick, ii., 66 

— Elizabeth, ii., 64 

— Elizabeth Remsen, ii., 66 

— Elizabeth Van Mater, ii., 70 

— Ellen Hardenbrook, ii., 08 

— Ellen Maria, ii., 69 

— Family, ii., 65 

— Folkert, ii., 66 

— George, ii., 66 

— George, ii., 66 

— George, ii., 68 

— George, ii. , 69 

— George, Jr., ii., 66 

— George A., ii., 69 

— George B., ii., 68 

— George Bernard, ii., 69 

— Gilbert V. M., ii., 70 

— Hilletje Van Vechten, ii., 65 

— Jacob, ii., 64 

— Jacob, ii., 65 

— Jacob, ii., 69 



Rapalje, Jan, the founjer, ii., 6} 

— Jan, Jr., ii., 64 

— Jannetje, ii., 64 

— Jeroniinus, ii., 64 

— Jeroninius, ii., 65 
- Jeroninius, ii., 66 

— Jeroninius, ii., 66 

— Joanna Antonidcs, ii., 65 

— John, ii., 67 

— Judith, ii., 64 

— Marritje, ii., 64 

— Matilda Polhemus, ii., 66 

— Michael, ii., 67 

— Phoebe, ii., 66 

— Rem, ii., 66 

— Rem, ii., 68 

— Samuel, ii., 67 

— Sarah, ii., 66 

— (Bergen) (Bogaert), Saiah, ii., 64 

— Sarah Brinckerhoff, ii., 65 

— Sarah E., ii., 69 

— Sarah E. Staples, 69 

— Sarah Klock, ii., 65 

— Sarah Van Vechten, ii., 65 

— Susan E. Provost, ii., 68 

— Tunis, ii., 65 

— Tunis, ii., 66 

— Tunis, ii., 66 

— Williamson, ii., 67 
Rathbone (Cruger), Susan M. W., i., 73 
Reade, Joseph, i., 107 

— (De Peyster), Sarah, i., 107 
Remsen, Abraham, ii., 75 

— Abraham, ii., 76 

— Aert, ii., 76 

— (Dorlandt), Anna, ii., 75 

— (Adriense), Catalina, ii., 75 

— Charles (Dr.), ii., 79 

— Christopher, ii., 75 

— Daniel, ii., 75 

— Elizabeth de Peyster, ii., 78 

— Family, ii., 7; 

— (Hegeman), Femmetje, ii., 75 

— Garrett, ii., 76 

— Georgiana D., ii., 78 

— Hendrick, ii., 77 

— Hendrick, ii., 77 

— Henry, ii., 77 

— Henry, ii., 78 

— Henry, ii., 79 

— (Schenck), Heyltie, ii., 76 

— (Vanderbilt), Hildegong, ii., 75 

— Ira (Dr.), ii., 79 

— Isaac, ii., 75 

— Isaac, Jr., ii., 75 

— Jacob, ii., 75 

— Jacob D., ii., 79 

Remsen, Jan, ii., 75 

— Jane Siiydam, ii., 78 

— (Van Nostrand), Jannetje, ii., 75 

— Jannetje Rapalje, ii., 74 

— Jeremias, ii., 75 

— Jeronius, ii., 75 

— Jeromus (Captain), ii., 76 

— John, ii., 75 

— Joris, li., 75 

— Lilian Livingston, ii., 79 

— Luke, ii., 76 

— Mary Delprat, ii., 78 

— (Howard), Phoebe, ii., 76 

— Phoenix, ii., 79 

— Rem, ii., 75 

— Rem, ii., 76 

— Rem II., ii., 75 

— Rem 111., ii., 75 

— Rem Jansen, the founder, ii., 74 

— Robert G., ii., 78 

— Robert G. (Dr.), ii., 79 

— (Adriense), Sarah, ii., 75 

— William, ii., 78 

— William, ii., 79 
Renwick (Henry), Agnes, ii., 86 

— Anna L. Aspenwall, ii., 88 

— Annie Cooke, ii., 90 

— Claire Rhinelander, ii., 91 

— Edward B., ii., 91 

— Edward S., ii., 88 

— (Brown), Eliza C, ii., 91 

— Eliza S. Crosby, ii., 90 

— (Wittingham), Elizabeth, ii., 91 

— Elizabeth A. Brevoort, ii., 90 

— Ellen J. Vv'ise, ii., 91 

— (Hurry), Emily A., ii.,91 

— Emily D. Hicks, ii., 91 

— Evelyn Smith, ii., 91 

— Family, ii., 83 

— Frederick W., ii., 90 

— Frederick W. II., ii., 91 

— Gertrude Sears, ii., 91 

— Harold S., ii., 91 

— Harriet McDonell, ii., 91 

— (Schaff), Helen S., ii., 91 

— Henry, ii., 90 

— Henry B., ii., 86 

— (Smedburg), Isabella, ii., 86 

— James, ii., 87 

— James (Professor), ii., 84 

— James, the founder, ii., 84 

— James, the martyr, ii., 83 

— James A., ii., 90 

— (Wilkes), Jane, ii., 86 

— (Callender), Jane J., ii., 90 

— Jane Jeffrey, ii., 84 

— Julia Kortright, ii., 90 



Renwick, (Munroe), Laura, ii., qo 

— Margaret A. Brevoort, ii., 86 

— (Brown), Mary C, ii., 91 

— (Strong), Mary C, ii., 91 

— Mary H. Rhinelander, ii., 86 

— (Swan), Mary R., ii., 00 

— (Sedgwicl<), Meta B., ii., 91 

— Phili[) B., ii., 91 

— Robert J., ii., 86 

— Robert J. II., ii., 90 

— S. Stanhope, ii., 91 

— Viola Blodget, ii., 90 

— William, ii., 84 

— William C, ii., 91 

— William R., ii., 00 

— William W., ii., 01 
Rhinebeck (from Beekman), i., 27 
Riker (Duane), Grietje, i., 118 
Rives, Francis R., i., 120 
Roberts (Cruger), Elizabeth, i., 75 

— John, i., 81 

— (Delafield), Mary, i., 81 
Robinson, Beverly, i., 131 

— (Duer), Catherine, i., 131 

— Frances Duer, i., 130 

— Hamilton E. Duer, i., 130 

— Morris, i., 131 

Rochester, Margaret M. De Lancey, i., 98 

— Thomas F. (Dr.), i., 98 
Rogers, Susan L. Fish, i., 141 

— William E., i., 141 
Romaine (Cruger), Mary, i., 73 
Roosevelt, Albert C, ii., 102 

— Albert J., ii., 101 

— Alice Lee, ii., 10 1 

— Anne L. Jackson, ii., 102 

— Annetje Bogaert, ii., 97 

— Charles H., ii., 102 

— Claas, the founder, ii., 95 

— Clinton, ii., 101 

— Cornelius V. S., ii., 98 

— Cornelius V. S. II., ii., 99 

— Edith Carow, ii., 101 

— Elbert, ii., 101 

— Family, ii., 95 

— Helborne, ii., 102 

— Henry E., ii., 102 

— Hillotje Jans, ii., 96 

— Hyltje Syverts, ii., 96 

— Isaac, ii., 97 

— Jacobus, ii., 97 

■ — Jacobus II., ii., 97 

— James, ii., 97 

— James I., ii., 97 

— James 11-, ii., 98 

— James A., ii., 99 

— James H., ii., loi 

Roosevelt, Jane M. Young, ii., 101 

— Jannetje Thomas, ii., 95 

— Johannes, ii., 90 

— John (Captain), ii., 07 

— Lydia M. Latrobe, ii., 98 

— Margaret Barnhill, ii., 98 

— Martha Bullock, ii., 100 

— Mary Van Schaick, ii., 98 

— Nicholas, ii., 9b 

— Nicholas, ii., 97 

— Nicholas (Lieutenant), ii., 98 

— Peter T., ii., 101 

— Robert B., ii., 99 

— Samuel M., ii., 08 

— (Schuyler), Sarah, ii., 97 

— Silas W., ii., 99 

— Theodore, ii., 99 

— Theodore (President), ii., 100 

— Washington, ii., 101 
Rusher (Cniger), Frances E., i., 75 
Rutgers (Lispenard), Alice, ii., io8 

— Anthony, ii., 107 

— Anthony, ii., 108 

— Anthony (Captain), ii., 109 

— Anthony 11., ii., 108, 19 

— Anthony 111., ii., loS 

— Catarina de Hooges, ii., 107 

— Catharina Meyer, ii., 108 

— (Bedloe), Catharine, ii., 109 

— (LeRoy), Catharine, ii., 109 

— (Van Home), Catharine, ii., 108 

— Catharine de Peyster, ii., 108 

— Cornelia Benson, ii., 107 

— (LeRoy), Cornelia, ii., loq 

— Elizabeth Beekman, ii., 109 

— Elizabeth Williams, ii., 108 

— (Lispenard), Elsie, ii., 108 

— (Marshall), Elsie, ii., 108 

— (Schuyler), Elsie, ii., 107 

— (Provoost), Eva, ii., 108 

— Family, ii., 105 

— Gerard, ii., 112 

— Gertrude Gouvemeur, ii., 108 

— Harman, ii., 106 

— Harman (Lieutenant), ii., 109 

— Harman III., ii., 108 

— Harman IV., ii., 109 

— Harman H., ii., 107 

— Hendrick, ii., 108 

— Hendrickje Vandewater, ii., 107 

— Henry (Colonel), ii., 109 

— (Bleecker), Margaret, ii., 106 

— Margaret Bayard, ii., 112 

— (Barclay), Mary, ii., 19 

— Peter, ii., 108 

— Robert, ii., 109 

— Robert II. , ii., 1 12 



Rutgers, Rutgers Jacobsen, the founder, ii., 105 
— TryntjeJ. Van Breesteede, ii., 106 

Sackett, Hannah De Lancey, i., 95 

— Joseph (Rev.), i., 95 
Sanders (Beekman), Catherine, i., 31 
Sands, Charles, i., 85 

— (Delafield), Lettice L., i., Ss 
Schermerhorn, Abraliam, ii., 121 

— Adeline E. Coster, ii., 122 

— Aeltje, ii., 1 19 

— Ann Elliott Huger Laight, ii., i: 

— Arnout, ii., 1 19 

— Arnout, ii., 120 

— Beyer, ii., 1 18 

— Bruce, ii., 123 

— Burr (Dr.), ii., 123 

— Catharina, ii., 1 19 

— Catharine, ii., 120 

— Cornelia, ii., 1 18 

— Cornelius (Judge), ii., 123 

— Daniel C, ii., 123 

— Edmond H., ii., 122 

— Elizabeth, ii., 121 

— (Brevoort), Elizabeth, i., 42 

— Elizabeth Bussing, ii., 121 

— (Auchmuty), Ellen, ii., 122 

— Esther, ii., 120 

— Family, ii., 1 17 

— Frederick Augustus, ii., 122 

— George, ii., 121 

— Helena, ii., 118 

— Henry A., ii., 122 

— Henry Augustus, ii., 123 

— Hester ii., 120 

— Jacob, the founder, ii., 117 

— Jacob, Jr., ii., 1 18 

— James, ii., 121 

— James J., ii., 122 

— Jannetje, ii., 1 18 
• — Jannetje, ii., 119 

— Jannetje Segers, ii., ii8 

— Johannes, ii., 119 

— John, ii., 120 

— John, ii., 121 

— Lucas, ii., 118 

— Mary, ii., 120 

— Marytje Beekman, ii., 119 

— Nachtilt, ii., 118 

— Neeltje, ii., 1 18 

— Peter, ii., 120 

— Peter, ii., 121 

— Peter, the younger, ii., 121 

— Peter Henry, ii., 122 

— Sarah, ii., 120 

Schermerhorn, Sarah Cannon, ii., 119 

— Sarah Jones, ii., 122 

— Symon, ii., 118 

— Symon, ii., 1 19 

— Symon, ii., 120 

— Willementje, ii., 1 19 

— WiUempie Viele, ii., 1 18 

— William B., ii., 123 

— William C, ii., 122 
Schieffelin (Barclay), Sarah S., i., 20 
Schuchardt (Delafield), Elizabeth, i., 84 
Schuchardt Frederick, i., 84 
Schuyler (Church), Angelica, ii., 132 

— Anna de Peyster , i., 106 

— Anthony (Rev.), ii., 135 

— Arendt, ii., 127, 128 

— Arent, i., 106; ii., 135 

— Brandt, ii., 127 

— (De Peyster), Catharine, i., 106 

— (Malcolm) (Cochran), Catherine, ii, 132 

— Catherine Van Rensselaer, ii., 130 

— (Morton), Cornelia, ii , 132 

— Cornelia Van Cortlandt, ii., 130 

— Elizabeth Ten Broeck, ii., 132 

— Elizabeth Van Rensselaer, ii., 132 

— Eugene, ii., 137 

— Family, ii., 127 

— (Hamilton), Elizabeth, ii., 132 

— George Lee, ii., 133 

— George W., ii., 136 

— Georgina, ii., 134 

— Grace Hunter, ii., 133 

— John, ii., 127 

— John, ii., 1 53 

— John B., ii., 132 

— John Bradstreet, ii. , 132 

— Louis Sandford (Rev.), ii., 135 

— Louisa Lee, ii., 134 

— Margaret S., ii. 129 

— (Van Rensselaer), Margarita, ii., 132 

— Margherita Van Schlichtenhorst, ii., 127 

— Mary A. Sawyer, ii., 133 

— Montgomery, ii., 136 

— Montgomery (Rev.), ii., 135 

— Montgomery, Jr., ii., 136 

— Myndert, i., 100 

— Philip, ii., 132 

— Philip (Captain), ii., 136 
Philip (Colonel), ii., 129 

— Philip (General), i., 138; ii., 129 

— Philip (Major), ii., 134 

— Philip, ttie founder, ii., 127 

— Philip J., ii., 132 

— Philip Jeremiah, ii., 133 
■ — Pieter (Colonel), i., 106 

— Pieter (Colonel), ii., 129 

— Pieter (Mayor), ii., 127 



Schuyler, Rensselaer, ii., 132 
Scott, John W. (General), i., 138 
— Sir Walter, i., 39, 40 
Sharp, Richard, i., 6q 
Shepherd (Cruger), Caroline M.. i., 74 
Shipman, Edgar, i., 84 

— Harriet C. Delafield, i., 84 
Simpson, Sampson, i., 09 
Sloane (Barclay), Priscilla D., i., ;o 
Smith, Atkinson, ii., 146 

— (Cruger), Caroline, i., 71 

— Catherine Duer, i., 1^2 

— Charles Bainbridge, ii., 147 

— Charles Vincent, i., 132 

— Christiana, ii., 142 

— Elizabeth Hartley, ii., 142 

— Elizabeth Lynsen, ii., 146 

— Elizabeth Scott Williams, ii., 144 

— Eugene Keteltas, ii., 147 

— Family, ii., 139 

— Frances Peartree, ii., 142 

— James, ii., 142 

— James (Dr.), ii., 146 

— Jennet Livingstone, ii., 145 

— John, ii., 142 

— John, ii., 144 

— John Taylor, ii., 147 

— John Witherspoon, i., 130 

— Joshua Hett, ii., 146 

— Keteltas, ii., 147 

— Mary Hett, ii., 144 

— Mary Taylor, ii., 147 

— Mehetabel Hooker, ii., 144 

— Samuel, ii., 142 

— Sarah H. Duer, i., 130 

— Susan Webber, ii., 146 

— Susanna Odell, ii., 142 

— Thomas, ii., 142 

— Thomas, ii., 144 

— Thomas, ii., 146 

— Thomas, Jr., ii., 147 

— William, ii., 141, 142 

— William, ii., 140 

— William II., ii., 142 

— William (Chief-Justice), ii., 144 

— William (Judge), ii., 142 

— William Peartree, ii., 144 

— Willimina Stodart, ii., 147 
Steuben, Baron, i., 123 
Storrow (Cruger), Julie C, i., 75 
Sturgis, Charles, i., 84 

— Cornelia Delatield, i., 84 

— George, i., 84 

— Mary Delafield, i., 84 
Stuyvesant, A. Van Home, ii., 1S7 

— Amelia Schuchardt, ii., 157 

— Anna, ii., 156 

Stuyvesant, (Bayard), Anna, ii., 153 

— Balthazar, ii., 15s 

— (Onderdonk), Caroline A., ii., i';7 

— Caroline Hoppock, ii., IS7 

— (Mortimer), Catherine A., ii., IS7 

— Catherine Ackerley. ii., 157 

— Catherine A. Cheesebrough, ii., 1S7 

— Catherine L. Rcade, ii., 156 

— (Neill), Catherine S., ii., 157 

— (Ten Broeck), Cornelia, ii., 156 

— Cornelia U. Bergen, ii., 158 

— (Fish), Elizabeth, i., 139; ii., 156 

— Elizabeth Slechtenhorst, ii., 156 

— Elizabeth T. Kendall, ii., 157 

— F. Schuchardt, ii., 1 s8 

— Family, ii., 151 

— Fanny J. Gibson, ii., 157 
— ■ Gerard, ii., 157 

— Gerard, ii., 158 

— Gerardus or Gerard, ii., 156 

— (Rogers), Gertrude, ii., 157 

— Harriet L. Seward, ii., 157 

— (Dudley-Olmsted-Mayo), Helen C., 

ii., 1S7 

— (Sandford), Helen M., ii., 157 

— Helen Rutherford, ii., 150 

— Henry, ii., 157 

— Jane A. Browning, ii., 157 

— John R., ii., 157 

— John R., ii., i'i7 

— Joseph Reade, ii., IS7 

— (Winthrop), Judith, ii., 156 

— Judith Bayard, ii., 153 

— Judith Bayard 11., ii., I?6 

— (Winterhoff), Julia H., ii., 157 

— Julia Martin, ii., is6 

— Margaret A. Mildeberger, ii., 157 

— (Van Rensselaer), Margaret L., ii., i S7 

— (Wainwright), Margaret L., ii., 157 

— Margaret Livingston, ii., 156 

— Marie Beekman, ii., 156 

— Mary A. Yates, ii., 157 

— Mildred N. Floyd, ii., 158 

— Nicholas W., i., 28; ii., 155, 156 

— Nicholas W. II., ii., 156 

— Nicholas W. 111., ii., 157 

— Peter, i., 139 

— Peter, ii., 156 

— Peter, ii., 156 

— Peter, ii., 156 

— Peter G., ii., 156 

— Petrus (Governor), i., 26, 102; ii., 

151, 152 

— Robert, ii., 157 

— Robert R., ii., 1S7 

— Robert Reade, ii., 157 

— (Pillot), Rosalie, ii., 157 



Stuyvesant, Rutherford, ii., is8 

— Susan Barclay, ii., 156 

— Susan R.Van Home, ii., 157 

— Van Home, ii., isS 

— Van Rensselaer, ii., IS7 
Summers, Andrew, i., 83 

— (Delafield), Helen, i., 85 
Suydam, Henry, i., 132 

— (Duer), Louise, i., 132 
Swamp, Beekman, i., 27 
Swift, Dean, i. , 40 

Tallmadge, Benjamin, i., 81 

— (Delafield), Harriet W., i., 81 
Tappen (Livingston), Caty, ii., 166 

— Charles Barclay (Colonel), ii., 168 

— Christoffel, ii., 165 

— Christopher, ii., 166 

— Christopher, Jr., ii., 167 

— (Clinton), Cornelia, ii., 167 

— Cornelia Kiersted, ii., 167 

— Cornelia Vas, ii., 160 

— Family, ii., 163 

— Frederick D., ii., 169 

— Henry Philip (Rev.), ii., 168 

— John, ii., 168 

— Jurian, the founder, ii., 164 

— Jurian (II.), ii., 165 

— Peter (Dr.), ii., 166 

— Sarah A. B. Littell, ii., 170 

— Sarah Schepmoes, ii., 165 

— Tunis, ii., 105 
Throckmorton, Captain, i., 56 
Thurman, John, i., 69 
Todd, Adam, i., 5 

Todd (Astor), Sarah, i., 5 

Toler (De Peyster), Julianna, i., 113 

Travers (Duer), Ellen, i., 132 

— William, i., 132 

Van Baal (De Peyster), Mary, i., 105 
Van Boogh (Beekman), Catherine, i., 28 
Van Buren, Abraham, ii., 177 

— Abraham (Colonel), ii., 179 

— (Duer), Ann, i., 132 

— Anna Hoes, ii., 177 

— Angelica Singleton, ii., 177 

— Ariaantje B. Meindersen, ii., 176 

— Ariaantje G. Vanderberg, ii., 176 

— Barent, ii., 176 

— Barent, ii., 177 

— Benjamin, ii., 176 

— Catalyntje Martense, ii., 174 

Van Buren, Catalyntje V. B. Schermerhorn, ii., 

— Catalyntje V^itbeck, ii., 177 

— Catharine Quackenbosch, ii., 177 

— (Van Deusen), Cornelia, ii., 176 

— Cornelia Salisbury, ii., 176 

— Cornelius, the founder, ii., 174 

— Cornelius, ii., 176 

— Cornelius, ii., 177 

— Elizabeth Vanderpoel, ii., 179 

— Family, ii., 173 

— Frank Roe, ii., 180 

— Hannah Hoes, ii., 179 

— Hendrick, ii., 176 

— Howard, ii., 180 

— Johannes, or John, ii., 176 

— John, i., 132 

— John (" Prince "), ii., 179 

— John Dash, ii., 179 

— John Dash, Jr., ii., 179, 180 

— Lawrence, ii., 179 

— Maes, ii., 17s 

— Margrietje Van Vlechten, ii., 176 

— Maria G. Van Alen, ii., 177 

— Maria Litner, ii., T77 

— Maria Vanderberg, ii., 176 

— Maria Winne, ii. , 177 

— Maritje Quackenbosch, ii., 176 

— (Vosburgh), Marritje, ii., 176 

— Marritje Briesch, ii., 176 

— Marritje Hun, ii., 176 

— Marritje Vanderpoel, ii., 176 

— Marten, ii., 174 

— Martin, ii., 176 

— Martin, ii., 176 

— Martin, ii., 176 

— Martin (President), ii., 177 

— Petrus, ii., 176 

— Peter, ii., 177 

— Robert, ii., 180 

— Singleton, ii., 180 

— Tanneke Adams, ii., 176 

— Thenotje Vanderberg, ii., 176 

— Tobias, ii., 176 

— Tobias, ii., 176 

— Tobias, ii., 177 

— Tobias, ii., 177 

Van Cortlandt, Ann Stevenson, ii., 191 

— (De Lancey), Anne, i., 91 ; ii., 187 

— Anne S. Van Schaack, ii. , 188 

— Annetje Loockermanns, ii., 186 

— Augustus, ii., 190 

— Catharine Beck, ii., 191 

— (Mathews), Catharine T. R., ii., 

191, 192 

— Catherine Clinton, ii., 191 

— Catherine de Peyster, ii., 188 



Van Cortlandt, Catherine Ogden, ii., 188 

— (Schuyler), Cornelia, ii., 187 

— Elizabeth Ciiyler, ii., 190 

— (Phillipse), Eva, ii., 187 

— Family, ii., 18s 

— Frances Jay, ii., 188 

— Frederick, ii., 186 

— Frederick, ii., 188 

— Gertrude, i., 29 

— (Beekman), Gertrude, ii., 187 

— (Ver Planck), Gertrude, ii., 188 

— Gertrude Schuyler, ii., 187 

— Helen Barclay, ii., 100 

— Jacobus, i., 9; ii., 187 

— James (Colonel), ii. , igo 

— James S. (Captain), ii., iqi, 192 

— Joanna Livingston, ii., 189 

— Johannes, ii., 187 

— Johannes, ii., 188 

— (Bayard), Margaret, ii., 187 

— (De Peyster), Margaret, i, 106 

— (Van Rensselaer), Maria, ii., 187 

— Mary W. Ricketts, ii., 188 

— Oloff, the founder, ii., 1S6 

— Philip, ii., iSS 

— Philip (Colonel), ii., 188 

— Philip (General), ii., 189 

— Pierre, ii., 191 

— Pierre (Colonel), ii., 191 

— Pierre (General), ii., 190 

— Pierre (Lieutenant-Governor), ii., 

188, 189 

— Romeyn B., ii., 191 

— Stephanus, i., 91, 92 ; ii., 186 

— Stephen (Colonel), ii., 188 

— Steven, ii., 186 

— Vv'illiam R., ii., 188 
Van Cott, Alexander H., ii., 201 

— Caroline Case, ii., 200 

— Claes, the founder, ii., 197 

— Cornelius, ii., 198 

— Cornelius, ii., 198 

— Cornelius, ii., 199 

— Cornelius (Postmaster), ii., 200 

— Cornelius, Jr., ii., 198 

— David, ii., loS 

— David H., ii., 201 

— Family, ii., 197 

— Fanny Thompson, ii., 201 

— Gabriel, ii., 199 

— Gabriel, ii., 202 

— Gabriel, Jr., ii. , 199 

— Joshua M., ii., 199 

— Joshua M. (Dr.), ii., 200 

— Lincoln, ii., 202 

— May Richardson, ii,, 202 

— Nellie Praa, ii., 198 

Van Cott, Richard, ii., 109 

— Richard, ii., 202 

— Thomas, ii., 1Q9 

— Thomas, ii., 200 

— Wickfield, ii., 202 

Vanderbeeck, or Vanderbeek (for Remsen), ii., 
73, 74 
— Rem Jansen, ii., 74 

Vanderbilt, Alfred G., iL, aio 

— Alice Gwynne, ii., 210 

— Alva Smith, ii., 210 

— (Parker) (Lafitte), Catherine, ii., 209 

— Consuelo (Duchess), ii., 210 

— Cornelius, ii., 206 

— Cornelius, ii., 210 

— Cornelius, ii., 210 

— Cornelius (Commodore), ii., 205 

— Edith S. Dresser, ii., 210 

— (Osgood), Eliza, ii., 209 

— (Webb), Eliza Osgood, ii., 210 

— Elsie French, ii., 210 

— (Sloane), Emily, ii., 209 

— (Thorn), Emily, ii., 209 

— (Allen), Ethelinda, ii., 200 

— Family, ii., 205 

— (Twombly), Florence Adele, ii., 210 

— Frances Crawford, ii., 209 

— Frederick W., ii., 210 

— George, ii., 210 

— (Whitney), Gertrude, ii., 210 

— Gladys, ii., 210 

— Grace Wilson, ii., 210 

— Harold., ii., 21 1 

— Jan, the founder, ii., 205 

— Jeremiah, ii., 206 

— John, ii., 206 

— (Shepard), Margaret Louisa, ii., 210 

— (La Bau), Maria A., 209 

— Maria L. Kissam, ii., 210 

— (Clark) (Niven), Marie L., ii., 209 

— (Cross), Phebe, ii., 209 

— Reginald, ii., 210 

— Sophia Johnson, ii., 209 

— (Torrance), Sophia, ii., 209 

— Virginia Fair, ii., 211 

— William H., ii., 209 

— William K., ii., 210 

— William K. (IL), ii., 211 
Van Fez, Anthony Jansen, ii., 229 

Van Rensselaer, Catherine Livingstone, ii., 218 

— Cornelia Paterson, ii., 219 

— Cortlandt, ii., 223 

— Cortlandt (Rev.), ii., 225 

— Cortlandt (Rev.), ii., 225 

— (Cruger), Euphemia W., i., 73 

— Family, ii., 213 

— Gratz, ii., 225 



Van Rensselaer, Harriet E. Bayard, ii., 22^ 

— Hendrick, ii., 218 

— Henry, i., S4 

— Henry (General), ii., 221 

— Howard (Dr.), ii., 220 

— James (Major), ii., 223 

— James T., ii., 213 

— Jan Baptiste, ii., 217 

— Jeremiah, ii., 222 

— Jeremias, ii., 217, 225 

— Jeremias (5th Patroon), ii., 218 

— (Delalield), Katherine, i., 84 

— Kiliaen, the founder, ii., 215 

— Kiliaen (of Albany), ii., 21S 

— Kiliaen (Captain), ii., 221 

— Kiliaen (Colonel), ii., 222 

— Kiliaen K., ii., 222 

— Margarita Schuyler, ii., 219 

— Maria Van Cortlandt, ii., 218 

— Mary B. Tallmadge, ii., 223 

— Maunsell (Rev.), ii., 222 

— Philip, ii., 223 

— Philip L., ii., 223 

— Solomon, ii., 222 

— Solomon (Colonel), ii., 219 

— Stephen, ii., 218 

— Stephen (8th Patroon), ii., 219 

— Stephen (9th Patroon), ii., 220 

— Stephen (Colonel), ii., 223 

— Stephen (Rev.), ii., 221 

— Steven (6th Patroon), ii., 218 

— WiUiau), ii., 221 

— William, ii., 223 

— William B., ii., 220 

— William P., ii., 223 
Van Salee, Anthony Jansen, ii., 229 
Van Schaick (Barclay), Cornelia, i., 16 

— Elizabeth, i., 70 

— (Roosevelt), Mary, ii., 98 

— Peter, i., 70 

Van Sichlen (for Van Siclen), ii., 227 
Van Sickelen (for Van Siclen), ii., 227 

Van Sickle (for Van Siclen), ii., 227 
Van Sicklen (for Van Siclen), ii., 227 

— George, ii., 230 
Van Siclen, Abraham, ii., 233 

— Abraham (Lieutenant), ii., 233 

— Andries, ii., 253 

— Anthony, ii., 228 

— Arthur, ii., 255 

— Bennett (Judge), ii., 25s 

— Cornelius, ii., 233 

— Cornelius (of Gravesend), ii., 232 

— De Witt Clinton, ii., 234 

— Eva Jansen, ii., 228 

— Family, ii., 227 

— George W., ii., 235 

Van Siclen, George Washington, ii., 235 

— Grace C. Hogarth, ii., 255 

— Gysbert, ii., 233 

— Ferdinand, ii., 232 

— Ferdinand, ii., 233 

— Ferdinandus, the founder, ii., 228 

— Ferdinandus, Jr., ii., 231 

— Henry, ii., 234 

— Jacobus, ii. , 233 

— James (Captain), ii., 23? 

— James C, ii., 235 

— Jan of Raritan, ii., 233 

— Johannes, ii., 231 

— Johannes, ii., 233 

— Johannes (of New Lots), ii., 233 

— John Sydney, ii., 234 

— John T., ii., 235 

— Joseph (Captain), ii., 233 

— Lyman, ii., 2J4 

— Mary Van Nuyse, ii., 232, 233 

— Matthew, ii., 2^5 

— Moses E. (Lieutenant), ii., 234 

— Peter, ii., 233. 

— Peter, ii., 233 

— Reinier, ii., 231 

— Reinier, ii., 233 

— Reinier, ii., 233 

— Reinier (of Flatbush), ii., 232 

— Richard, ii., 234 

— Sarah Gregory, ii., 235 
Van Siechelen (for Van Siclen), ii., 227 
Varick, Richard (Colonel), i., 122, 123 
Voltaire, i., 15 


Waldorf, Hotel, i., 8 

— Town of, i., 3 
Waldorf-Astoria, i., 9 
Wallace (Delafield), Edith, i., 83 

— Matthew G. (Rev.), i., 83 
Walton, Jacob, i., 72 

— Mary De Lancey, i., 95 

— William, i., 69, 95 
Warren, Peter, (Sir), i., 92 

— Susan De Lancey, i., 92 
Washington, George, i.,47, 48, 71, 72 
Watts, Ann De Lancey, i., 92 

— John, i., 92 

— John, i., 97 

— Jane De Lancey, i., 97 

— (De Peyster), Mary J., i., 97 
Webster, Sarah Fish, i., 141 

— Sidney, i., 141 
Wendell, Abraham, ii., 241 

— Abraham, ii., 242 
— ■ Abraham, ii., 244 



Wendell, Adelbert C, ii., 246 

— Anna Glen, ii., 243 
^ Anna Melvin, ii., 240 

— Ariaantje Visscher, ii,, 241 

— Barrett (Professor), ii., 245 

— Benjamin R., ii., 246 

— Benjamin R., Jr., ii., 246 

— Burr, ii., 246 

— Cathalina Hun, ii., 246 

— Cathalina Van Benthuysen, ii., 245 

— Catharina Van Vecliten, ii., 244 

— Cornelius, ii., 246 

— Dorothy Sherburne, ii., 245 

— Edith Greenough, ii., 245 

— (Quincy), Elizabeth, ii., 242 

— Elizabeth Quincy, ii., 242 

— Elizabeth Sanders, ii., 242 

— Elizabeth Staats, ii., 241 

— Elizabeth Wendell, ii., 244 

— (Staats), Elsie, ii., 242 

— Ephraim, ii., 243 

— Evert, the founder, ii., 239 

— Evert, Jr., ii., 242 

— Family, ii., 239 

— Frances Roberts, ii., 246 

— Garrett, ii., 245 

— Gertrude Lansing, ii., 245 

— Harman (Dr.), ii., 246 

— Harmanus, ii., 243 

— Harmanus (Sheriff), ii., 24s 

— Harmanus C, ii., 246 

— Hendrick, or Henry, ii., 244 

— Hermanus, ii., 243 

— Jacob, ii., 243 

— Jacob H. (Captain), ii., 245 

— Jeronimus, ii., 241 

— John, ii., 241 

— John, ii., 242 

— John, ii., 242 

— John, ii., 245 

— John (of Boston), ii., 242 

— John Harmanus (Captain), ii., 244 

— John Lansing, ii., 245 

— Katrina de Kay, ii., 242 

Wendell, (Phillips), Margaret, ii., 243 

— Maria Lansing, ii., 244 

— Maria Visscher, ii., 242 

— Maritie Meyer, ii., 241 

— Maritje Vosburgh, ii., 241 

— (Oothout), Marritje, ii., 242 

— Mary Ren Van Nes, ii., 241 

— Peter (Dr.), ii., 245 

— Philip, ii., 241 

— (Holmes), Sarah, ii., 243 

— Sarah Kip, ii., 246 

— Sarah Oliver, ii., 243 

— Susanna de Trieux, ii., 241 

— Thomas, ii., 241 

— William, ii., 246 

— William F., ii., 240 

— William H., ii., 246 
Westcott (Ducr), Maria, i., 131 
Whetten (Captain), i., 30 

— (Brevoort), Sarah, i., 39 
Wilkes, Charles (Admiral), ii., 86 

— Jane Renwick, ii., 86 
Willemson, Derike, i., 146 

— (Gardner), Mary, i., 146 
William Street, i., 27 

Williamson (Cruger), Louise E. A., i., 73 
Willing (Astor), Ava, i., 9 
Willis (Cruger), Laura A., i., 74 
Wilson, Eleanor J. Duer, i., 131 

— George T., i., 131 
Winthrop, John, i., 146 
Woodbury, Cornelia Delafield, i., 85 

— Theodore, i., 85 
Wright (Barclay), Clara, i., 20 

— Edward, i., 84 

— Katherine F. Delafield, i., 84 
Wyeth (Delafield), Charlotte H., i., 85 

— Leonard, i., 85 

Zeng (DeLancey), Josephine M. de, i., g8 
— William S. de, i., 98 



This book is DUE on tUe last date stamped below 

MAY 10 196? 

APR 14 1978 

Form L-o 

El8f Hamm - 
T.2 Pamous families 

of Mow York. 


MAY 1 195' 





Los Angeles 
This book is DUE on the last date stamped below. 

•itC'D LD-URi; 

m 1 4 ,993 


NOV uo ]%{i 

"EC ; 1990 



3 1158 00857 1787 

p,-,,MTucoi,oir,n:il.l ,lHlWU''ninV 

D 000 738 007 4