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Full text of "Famous horses, with portraits, pedigrees, principal performances, description of races and various interesting items extending over a period of nearly two centuries"




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FAMOUS HORSES. 






F. BUCKLE. 



S. C'HIFNEY. 



J. ROBINSON. 






" NAT." FLATMAN. 



F. BUTLER. 






SIM." TEMPLEMAN. 



G. FORDHAM. 



F. ARCHER. 



SOME FAMOUS JOCKEYS. 



FAMOUS HORSES 



WITH 



PORTRAITS, PEDIGREES, PRINCIPAL PERFORMANCES 
DESCRIPTIONS OP RACES 



AND 



VARIOUS INTERESTING ITEMS 

EXTENDINa OVER A PERIOD OF NEARLY TWO CENTURIES 



BY 



THEO. TAUNTON 



NEW EDITION REVISED TO DATE 



LONDON 

SAMPSON LOW, MARSTON & COMPANY, LIMITED 

St. IBunstan's "J^ousc 

Fetter Lane, Fleet Street, E.C. 

1901 

{^All ri<jhts reserved] 



PREFACE. 



Hie juvenes discant et anient meminisse seniles. 
(Here the youug may learn aud the aged love to remember.) 

This work is intended, not only for those more or less acquainted 
with the history of the Turf ; but for such of the community as may 
desire to know something of the principal equine celebrities which have 
figured thereon. 

" Aud view their place as, in the race, 
They sweep past like the storm." 

As regards many of the earlier animals, little more than the names 
and pedigrees are known ; but it is necessary to mention them in order 
to make other pedigrees complete. With a view to avoid repetition 
in the body of the work, and to facilitate the tracing of pedigrees, 
a comprehensive index is added. Grenealogical tables will also be found, 
showing the principal descendants, in the male line, of the Darley 
Arabian, the Byerley Turk, and the Godolphin Barb, together with a 
full pedigree of Eclipse. 

With the idea of making the descriptive notes more interesting 
to the modern generation, the quaint and characteristic wording of the 
past has, where possible, been preserved. 

To various authorities, and more especially to " The Druid " (the late 
Henry Hall Dixon), the author confesses himseK very largely indebted 
indeed for much interesting matter, otherwise unobtainable. Also to 
M. Emil Adam, the artist, for many of the beautiful portraits of the 



vi Preface. 

later animals taken from reproductions by Messrs. Franz Hanfstaengl ; 
to the proprietors of the Illustrated Sporting a?id Bramatic News for 
permission to reproduce several pictures by Mr. J. Sturgess ; to 
Sporting Sketches and to Mr. H. R. Sherborn, of Newmarket, for 
permission to copy several photographs ; and to Mr. Clarence Hailey 
for a portrait of Throstle. 

THEO. TAUNTON. 

London, October 1st, 1895. 



LIST OF ILLUSTPxATIONS. 



Frontispiece. Portraits of Some Famous Jockeys, viz : Frank Buckle — Sam Chifney — James 
Eobinson — William Scott — "Nat." Flatman — "Sim." Templeman — Frank Butler — George 
Fordham — Fred Archer. 





PAGE 




PAGE 




PAGE 


The Old Betting Post, 


Sorcerer 


... 76 


Cadland 


... 150 


Newmarket Heath 


1 


Champion ... 


... 78 


Velocipede ... 


... 152 


Race for the Doncaster C 


up 4 


Penelope ... 


... 80 


Sir Hercules 


.. 154 


The Darley Arabian 


... 6 


Orville 


... 82 


Lucetta 


... 156 


Bay Bolton 


... 8 


Walton 


... 84 


Albert 


... 158 


Lord Oxford's Blooc 


ly- 


Mandane ... 


... 86 


Spaniel 


... 160 


shouldered Arabian 


... 10 


Staveley ... 


... 88 


The Saddler 


... 162 


Flying Childers . . . 


... 12 


Selim 


... 90 


Camarine ... 


... 164 


Old Partner 


... 14 


Rubens 


... 92 


Galata 


... 166 


Bald Charlotte . . . 


... 16 


Thunderbolt 


.. 94 


Beiram 


... 168 


Godolphin Arabian 


... 18 


Whalebone 


... 96 


Dangerous 


... 170 


SUverlocks 


... 20 


Phantom ... 


... 98 


Rockingham 


... 172 


Wilson Chestnut Arab 


an 22 


Soothsayer... 


... 100 


Plenipotentiary . . . 


... 174 


Dormouse ... 


... 24 


Catton 


... 102 


Touchstone 


... 176 


Match'em ... 


... 26 


Tramp 


... 104 


Glencoe 


... 178 


Jason 


... 28 


Partizan ... 


... 106 


Mundig 


... 180 


Marske 


... 30 


Doctor Syntax 


... 108 


Queen of Trumps... 


... 182 


Brilliant ... 


... 32 


Whisker ... 


... 110 


Bay Middleton 


... 184 


King Herod 


... 34 


Gibside Fairy 


... 112 


Venison 


... 186 


Gimcrack ... 


... 36 


Rhoda 


... 114 


Bee's-wing... 


... 188 


Eclipse 


... 38 


Blacklock ... 


... 116 


Irish Birdcatcher . . 


... 190 


Sweet William 


... 40 


Reveller 


... 118 


Phosphorus 


... 192 


Mambrino ... 


... 42 


Sultan 


... 120 


Melbourne 


... 194 


Sweetbriar... 


... 44 


Arbutus ... 


.. 122 


Harkaway ... 


... 196 


Protector ... 


... 46 


Paragon 


... 124 


Grey Momus 


... 198 


Sharke 


... 48 


Theodore ... 


... 126 


Charles XII. 


.. 200 


Pot-8-os 


... 50 


Wanton, Theo lore, 


and 


Hetman Platoff ... 


... 202 


Jupiter 


... 52 


Mayday ... 


... 127 


Little Wonder 


... 204 


King Fergus 


... 54 


Emilius 


... 128 


Crucifix 


... 206 


Anvil 


... 56 


Lottery 


... 130 


Vulcan 


... 208 


Dungannon 


... 58 


Cobweb 


... 132 


Coronation 


... 210 


Volunteer ... 


.. 60 


Middleton ... 


... 134 


Alice Hawthorn ... 


... 212 


Sir Peter Teazle . . . 


... 62 


Memnon 


... 136 


Attila 


... 214 


Grey Diomed 


... 64 


Fleur-de-Lis 


... 138 


Cotherstone 


... 216 


Grey Trentham 


... 66 


Camel 


... 140 


Nutwith ... 


... 218 


Whiskey ... 


. 68 


Mulatto 


... 142 


Orlando 


... 220 


Gohanna ... 


.. 70 


Mameluke ... 


... 144 


The Merry Monarch 


... 222 


Hambletonian 


... 72 


Emma 


... 146 


Refraction 


... 224 


Ambrosio ... 


... 74 


Defence 


... 148 


The Baron 


... 226 



VIU 



List of Illustrations. 





PAGE 




PAGE 




PAGE 


Pyrrhus the First... 


.. 228 


Blink Bonny 


278 


George Frederick 


328 


Chanticleer 


.. 230 


Saunterer ... 


280 


Galopin 


330 


Sir Tatton Sykes . . . 


.. 232 


Vedette ... 


282 


Camballo . . . 


332 


Queen Mary 


.. 234 


Beadsman ... 


284 


Kisber 


334 


Cossack 


.. 236 


Musjid 


286 


Petrarch . . . 


334 


Van Tromp 


.. 238 


Thormanby 


288 


Silvio 


336 


Surplice 


.. 240 


St. Albans .. 


290 


Isonomy . . . 


338 


The Flying Dutchman 


.. 242 


Kettledrum 


292 


Wheel of Fortune 


340 


Lady Evelyn 


.. 244 


Caller Ou ... 


294 


Bend Or ... 


342 


Voltigeur ... 


.. 246 


Caractacus 


296 


Barcaldine 


344 


Teddington 


.. 248 


Macaroni . . . 


298 


Shotover . . . 


346 


Newminster 


.. 250 


Lord Clifden 


300 


St. Blaise . . . 


348 


Daniel O'Rourke ... 


.. 252 


Blair Athol 


302 


St. Simon ... 


350 


Hobbie Noble 


.. 254 


Gladiateur 


304 


Melton 


352 


Longbow ... 


.. 256 


Lord Lyon 


306 


Ormonde ... 


354 


StockweU ... 


.. 258 


The Hermit 


308 


Merry Hampton 


356 


West Australian ... 


.. 260 


Achievement 


310 


Ayrshire . . . 


358 


Eataplan ... 


.. 262 


Blue Gown 


312 


Donovan . . . 


360 


Knight of St. George 


.. 264 


Rosicrucian 


314 


Sainfoin 


362 


King Tom ... 


.. 266 


Pretender ... 


316 


Common 


364 


Wild Dayrell 


.. 268 


Kingcraft ... 


318 


Orme 


366 


Marchioness 


.. 270 


Favonius . . . 


320 


Isinglass . . . 


368 


Fandango ... 


.. 272 


Sterling 


322 


Ladas 


370 


Ellington ... 


.. 274 


Cremorne ... 


324 


Throstle . . . 


372 


Warlock ... 


.. 276 


Doncaster ... 


326 







FAMOUS HOESES. 



Tlie wanton oonvstn- tJms with reins nnbonnd, 

Breaks fi-oni his stall, and beats the treml)ling i^round ; 

Panqjered and i^roud he seeks the wonted tides, 

And laves in height of blood his shining sides ; 

His head, now freed, he tosses to tlie skies, 

His mane dishevel'd o'er his shonlders flies ; 

He sniffs companions on the distant plain. 

And springs exnlting to liis fields again. 

Homer. 



HL earliest records in connection with tlie British 
Turf are very meagre. It is stated that horsemen 
in large numbers opposed the landing of the 
Eomans, and we learn from the Venerable Bede 
that in a.d. (hM, in the reign of Edwin the Great, 
"the English first began to saddle horses." The 
earliest mention of " running " horses in England 
refers to those sent in the ninth century by Hugh, 
founder of the Eoyal House of Capet in France, 
as a present to King Athelstan, whose sister, 
Ethelswitha, he was desirous of marrying. In the 
reign of William the Conqueror, Eoger de Bellesme, 
Earl of Shrewsbury, imported some stallions from 
Spain, and we find their produce celebrated after- 
wards ])y Drayton the poet. Fitz-Stephen, a monk 
of Canterbury, and secretary to the celebrated Arch- 
bishop A'Beckett, in the reign of Henry II., refers 
to some rough-and-ready races at Smithfield 
(Smooth -field), in which " the jockies, inspired with 
thoughts of applause, and in the lioj)e of victory, 
clap spurs t(^ the willing horses, brandish their whips, and cheer them 
with their cries." King John is said to have established a stud at 
Eltham, in Kent, on the identical pastures where some of the most 

B 




OLD 






2 Famous Horses. 

celebrated of modern thoroughbreds have spent their earliest days. 
Edward III. received a present of tv^^o running horses from the King of 
Navarre, and also purchased others. Henry VIII. imported horses from 
Turkey, Naples, and Spain, and is credited with the initiation of the 
Eoyal Stud at Hampton Court, the first mares to roam those far- 
famed paddocks having, it is said, been presented to King Henry by the 
Marquis of Mantua, " a Barb, worth his weight in silver," accompanying 
them. Cardinal Wolsey interested himself in the stud, breeding largely 
from Eastern sires ; and Queen Elizabeth not only kept up the establish- 
ment in I'oyal style, but also ran horses on the turf, her stables being at 
Greenwich, and her horses trained on Blackheath. Great numbers of 
Barbs, and Spanish horses descended from Barbs, were taken from the 
numerous foreign vessels captured during the reign of Elizabeth. A 
silver bell was run for at Newmarket in the reign of James the First, 
and that monarch gave 500/. to a Mr. Markham for an Arabian — 
probably the first introduced into this country — " a little bay horse of 
indifferent shape," and who was beaten in every race he ran. Charles 
the First also extended his patronage to the sport. A " South-eastern " 
horse called the White Turk was imported into England by Mr. Place, 
stud-groom to Oliver Cromwell, and was purchased by the latter. About 
this period races for silver bells were run for at Gatherley, Croydon, 
Chester, and Theobalds. The contest at Chester was called St. George's 
race, and the horses had to run five times round the " Roody." The ih-st 
races held at Newmarket took place in the year 1640, although the 
Round Course was not made until 1066. William C-avendish, afterwards 
Duke of Newcastle, writing about 165S, says : " The Turkish horse 
stands high, though of unequal shape, being remarkably beautiful, 
active, with plent}^ of power, and excellent wind, but rarely possesses a 

good mouth The Barb possesses a superb and high action, 

is an excellent trotter and galloper, and very active when in motion. 
Although generally not so strong as other breeds, when well chosen I do 
not know a more noble horse, and I have read strange tales of their 
courage." The best Turkish horses were descended from those of Arabia 
and Persia ; but they greatly exceeded the horses of these countries in 
size and power, and were noted also for their extreme docility. The 
Barbs came from Barbary, and more especially from Morocco and Fez 
and the interior of Tripoli, and were famed for their beautiful form and 
graceful action. The pure Arabians were said to seldom exceed fourteen 
hands two inches in height, and were never known in tropical countries 
to turn roarers or spring curbs, 



Famons Horses. 3 

Charles the Second was an enthusiastic supporter of Newmarket, 
where the famous " R(nvlej Mile " still helps to keep his memory green ; 
and tradition relates that he even occasionally rode his own horses in the 
contests of the time. William the Third was interested in the sport, 
while Queen Anne was a liberal patroness of racing. The Duke of 
Cumberland had a very extensive breeding establishment at Cumberland 
Lodge in Windsor Great Park, and here it was that the famous Eclipse, 
and scarcely less famous Herod, were bred. 

Amongst the earliest recorded and most important progenitors of the 
modern racehorse must be mentioned : 

THE SMALL BAY ARABIAN, imported by King James the First. 

THE HELIYISLEY, OR BUCKINGHAM, TURK (sire of Bustler), 
the property of the Tnike of Buckingham. 

PLACE'S WHITE TURK, the property of Mr. Place, stud-groom to 
Oliver Cromwell. 

THE ROYAL MARES, a number of highly-bred foreign mares, which 
the Master of the Horse (sent abroad for the purpose by King Charles 
the Second), brought into England from Tangiers about IGTH). 

DODSWORTH, the property of King Charles the Second, a natural 
Barb, though foaled in England about 1070. His dam, a Barb mare, 
was brought over to England, and was styled a " Royal Mare." 

THE NATURAL BARB MARE. From this mare have descended, 
mainly through Prunella and her daughters Penelope, Pawn, Pope Joan, 
and Prudence, very many high-class animals, including the famous line of 
Paradigm, Achievement, Lord Lyon, Minting, Ladas, (Src. 

BURTON'S BARB lYIARE. One of the best of the running families 
traces l;)ack to this mare. 

MR. LAYTON'S VIOLET BARB MARE. From this mare have descended 
Match'em, Manganese, Thormanby, Macgregor, Kisber, Wenlock, 
Apology, L'oquois, &c. 

THE STRADLINQ (OR LISTER) TURK; most probably an Arabian, 
(but denominated a Turk because he was taken from the Turks at the 
siege of Buda), was brought into England by the Duke of Berwick in the 
reign of King James the Second, and was the sire of Snake, Coney skins, 
and of the Hobby Mare (dam of the famous Brocklesby Betty) . From 
the Hobby Mare have descended Chanticleer, Solon, Xenophon, Barcaldine, 
Sir Visto, Marco, &c. Eclipse had five crosses of the Lister Turk, 
although both the Darley and (lodolphin Arabians were more in the 
immediate and direct line. 



B -Z 





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s«,3«&Kki»'ar-SI*9!:ft'iW***«w.»«*i*«. -<rvt. . 





A 



RACE FOK THE DONCASTER CUP (fROM AN OLD PRINT). 



THE DONCASTER CORPORATION in IfiSl voted a sum of five guineas 
to encourage the sport on the Town Moor. The Meetings were origi- 
nally held in July, but the time of year was altered to September about 
the year 1750. 

DRAGON, whose pedigree is lost, is first mentioned in IGSO. In 
April, 16S1, he was matched against Crop over the Beacon Course, and 
was subsequently transferred to the Eoyal Stable. Tom d'Urfey, the 
Court Poet, thus refers to Dragon in his song composed at Newmarket in 
1684 for the amusement of the Kino*. 

o 

" For I'll liave the lirowii l)ay if the l)hie bonnet ride, 
And hold a thousand pounds of his side, sir. 
But Drao-on would scower it, hut Dragon grows old ; 
He cannot endure it, he cannot, he wonnet now run it 
As lately he could. 
Age, age, does injure the speed, sir." 

THE BYERLEY TURK, Captain Byerley's charger dm-ing King 
William's wars in Ireland (1689, &c.), proved a most excellent stallion, 
though he did not cover very well-bred mares. He was sire of Black 
Hearty (who was sire of Bonny Black), Basto, Jigg (sire of Old 
Partner), Grasshopper, Sprite ("who was allowed to be nearly as good as 
Leedes "), &c. 



Famous ]Iur.s('>;. 5 

MUTTON'S CREY BARB was presented to IVIr. Hutton by King 
William tlie Third in 1700. 

CHILLABY, a white Jiarb, the property of King- William the Third, 
was sire of Old Grey hound, and grandsire of Sampson. 

OLD GREYHOUND, a son of Chillaby,— Slngey (a natural Barb mare), 
was foaled at Hampton Court. The cover for Greyhound was in Jiarbary, 
after which both sire and dam were brought to England. Greyhound 
was sire of Othello, Sampson, (Toliath, Favourite, &c. 

THE WHITE D'ARCY, OR SEDBURY, TURK was sire of Old Hautboy, 
Grey lioyal, l^c. 

OLD HAUTBOY, a son of the White d'Arcy Turk,— a Royal Mare, was 
never trained for racing. He was sire of Grey Hautboy, Wyndham, &c. 

THE D'ARCY YELLOW TURK, was sire of Spanker, Brimmer, &c. 

THE MARSHALL, OR SELABY, TURK was sire of the Curwen Old 
Spot, who was sire of the dam of Alixbury, from which mare have 
descended the famous Agnes family, including Lily Agnes, Ormonde, 
Orme, &c., as well as Prince Hampton and others. 

THE CURWEN BAY BARB, a present to Louis the Fourteenth from 
Muley Ishmael, King of Morocco, was brought into England by Mr. 
Curwen, who procured him, together with the Thoulouse Barb, from 
Count Byram (Master of the Horse to Louis), and Count Thoulouse 
(Achiiiral of the Fleet). The Curwen Bay Barb was sire of Mixbury 
and Tantivy, " both very highly reputed galloways, the former of which 
was only thirteen hands two inclies high, and yet there were not more 
than two horses of his day that could beat him under light weights." 
He was also sire of Jh-ocklesby, Brocklesby Betty, Creeping Molly, &c. 

THE HONEYWOOD ARABIAN, a pure white stallion, wa.s sire of the 
two True Blues, " the eldest of which was the best plate horse in England 
for four or five years, and the younger was in very high form." 

THE BELGRADE TURK, taken by General Merci at the siege of 
Belgrade, from the Pasha of that place, and sent to the Prince de Craon, 
who presented him to the Prince of Lorraine (afterwards Emperor), was 
subsequently sold to Sir Marmaduke Wyvill. 

THE LEEDES ARABIAN was sire of Leedes, whose dam was by Spanker 
out of a jMorocco Barb mare. This mare also produced Charming Jenny 
(sister to Leedes), whose daughter, Betty Leedes by Careless, was the 
dam of the two Childers. 

BUSTLER, by the Helmsley Turk, bred by Mr. Place, was sire of the 
" Bustler Mare," from whom descended Marske, Sultan, Newminster, &c. 




THE DARLEY ARABIAN. 



THE DARLEY ARABIAN, foaled about March, 170.2, was a 
bay horse, some fifteen hands high, " descended from the race most 
esteemed amongst the Arabs." He was the property of John Brewster 
Darley, Esq., of Aldby Park, near York, whose brother, memher of a 
hunting chib at Aleppo, secured the horse for a very moderate sum, and 
sent him to England about the end of 1705. The Darley Arabian was 
sire of the celebrated Flying Childers, and his present day descendants, 
through Eclipse, far exceed in number those of the Goclolphin Arabian or 
Byerley Turk ; a fact dilhcult to account for, as there is no doubt that the 
Byerley Turk, through Herod and Highflyer, held, at the end of the last 
century and the beginning of this, a higher place in the esteem of breeders 
than did the race of Eclipse ; and the Godolphin Arabian, again, was 
at one time the most successful of all. Coming to a later date, the 
descendants of Eclipse, through Whalebone, have gone far ahead of all 
the others. Some few years since, the thoroughbred sires of any note in 
England comprised 260 direct descendants of Eclipse, GO of the Byerley 



FamoHs Jlurses. 7 

Turk, and only 30 of the Goclolpliin Arabian. Of those of Eclipse, no 
fewer than 189 sprang from Whalebone, 19 from Whisker, 20 from 
Hambletonian, IS from Lottery, and 11 from Liverpool; while of those 
from the Bj^erley Turk, 42 were descended from Highflyer, 17 from 
AYoodpecker, and one from Florizel. Equally curious is it that the 
American stud shows the same state of affairs, with the Whalebones 
there, as with us, absolutely predominant. 

OLD MERLIN, a son of Bustler (by the Helmsley Turk), was bred 
by Sir Matthew Pierson, Bart. He was the winner of several important 
jjlates and matches, and was said to have been the best horse of his day. 
Merlin won a great match at Newmarket, upon which occasion " the 
south-country gentlemen observed to those of the north, that they would 
bet them gold whilst gold they had, and then they might sell their 
land." Several gentlemen " having entirely ruined their fortunes, a law 
was passed by Parliament against the recovery of any bet exceeding 
10/." Old Merlin was sire of Woodcock, Castaway, &c. 

THE VINTNER MARE, whose pedigree was never made public, 
was considered to be the best bred mare in England of her day. From 
her descended Muley Moloch, The Wizard, all the Maid of Mash am 
family, Peter, Necromancer, Kilwarlin, Bendigo, &c. 

CROFT'S BAY BARB, a son of Chillaby,— Queen Anne's Moonah Barb 
Mare. From the Moonah Barb Mare have descended, in the female line. 
Shuttle, Charles XII., Physician, The Doctor, Longbow, Sweetmeat, &c. 

SNAKE, a son of the Lister Turk, — a dau. of Old Hautboy, was 
never trained for racing on account of a tumourous swelling supj)Osed to 
have been caused by some venomous reptile, but he made a considerable 
name for himself at the stud. 

MAKELESS, a son of " Sir Thomas Oglethorpe's Arabian," was 
" greatly esteemed for running, as also for a stallion." He was the sire 
of the dam of Bay Bolton and Lamprey, and also of the famous black 
mare, the dam of Capt. Hartley's Blind Stallion. 

OLD WYNDHAM, a son of Old Hautboy,— a dau. of Bustler, — a 
dau. of Place's Wliite Turk, — a dau. of Hodsworth, was sire of Cinnamon, 
Greylegs, Miss W^'ndham, and many other good running horses. 

SPANKER (also known as "The Old Bay Arabian "), a bay son of 
the L'Arcy Yellow Turk,— The Old Morocco Mare, by Lord Fairfax's 
Morocco Barb, — Old Bald Peg, by an Arabian, — a Barb mare, was 
bred by Charles Pelham, Esq. 




J'((!/du/ by ISLyinuur. 



BAY BOLTON. 



BAY BOLTON, a brown -bay son of Grey Hautboy, — a black dau. of 
Makeless, — a dau. of Brimmer (by Lord D'Arcy's Yellow Turk ^ — a 
D'Arcy Eoyal Mare), — a dau. of Diamond, — full sister to tlie dam of 
Old Merlin, was bred by Sir Matthew Pierson in 1705, and sold to the 
Duke of Bolton. Bay Bolton won (^ueen Anne's Gold Cup at York, the 
" Great Subscription Purse " at Middleham, and the " Eich Prize " at 
Quainton Meadow ; and beat Dragon, Merlin, and Wyndham in matches. 
He was sire of the Bolton Grey Starling ; and died at Bolton Hall, 
Bedale, about 173G. 

THE FIRST RACE mentioned by Weatherby was one for a gold cup, 
value 50/., run for on Clifton and llawcliffe Ings, near the City of York, 
by horses six years old, in September, 1709. 

THE FIRST DEAD-HEAT ON RECORD occurred at York in the year 
1709 also; when for a 10/. Plate — four mile heats — Button and 
Milkmaid, " in running the last heat, came in so near together that it 
could not be decided by the tryers." 

BASTO, a son of the Byerley Turk,- — Bay Peg by the Leedes Arabian, 
- — a dau. of Spanker, — a dau. of Mr. Leedes' Bald Peg (bred by General 
Lord Fairfax),- — a mare of the same name by His Lordship's Morocco 
Barb, was bred by Sir William Pamsden, Bart. Basto won several 



F((ij>u/(s Horses'. 9 

matches at Newmarket from 1708 — 1710; "but the accounts are 
deficient for several years in mentioning the sums that he, as well as 
many other horses, ran for at that place. He beat Squirrel, Billy, 
Chance, Tantivy, and Brisk, giving- weight in each case ; and was looked 
upon, when in keeping at Newmarket, to be in very high form for running. 
He had an appearance of pride and spirit, which added greatly to his 
figure ; was remarkably strong, and was allowed to be the most beautiful 
horse that had ever appeared in this kingdom." 

THE WOODSTOCK ARABIAN was sire of Flying Whig, and of 
Mr. Frampton's Spider and Pontz, " two famous running horses at 
Newmarket." 

CASTAWAY was a son of Old Merlin,— Sister to liuffler by a son of 
Brimmer, — the noted running mare, called Dick Burton's mare, whose 
pedigree has long been lost. 

THE ALCOCK ARABIAN, " though he covered very few mares, 
produced some of the stoutest racers that ever went a four-mile course ; 
witness Mr. Panton's Old Crab, his son Spectator, and Marc Antony, who, 
though little more than a pony, won twenty out of twenty-eight races." 

THE LONSDALE BAY ARABIAN covered very few mares, and those 
chiefly Lord Lonsdale's. " Notwithstanding this, however, from him 
have descended some very excellent racers." He was sire of Monkey, 
Spider, the dam of Miss Eamsden, &c. 

GRASSHOPPER, a son of the Byerley Turk,— a dan. of Lord Bristol's 
Hog (by Old Hautboy), — a dau. of Colonel Charteris' Hawker, was sire 
of Goldenlocks, the dam of Looby. Grasshopper was the property of Sir 
Roger Mostyn. 

THE COFFIN IYiARE,adau. of theSelaby Turk,— adau. of Mr. Place's 
White Turk, " was stolen out of the Lord Protector's stud ; and, though 
strict search was made and a great reward offered for her, no account 
could be had, Mr. Place having kept her closely secreted in a cellar till 
the death of Cromwell." Hence her name. 

DYER'S DIMPLE, a son of the Leedes Arabian (sire of Leedes), — 
Old Sophonisba by Spanker, — a dau. of Dodsworth, — Lord Willoughby's 
Barb mare, was bred by Mr. Leedes ; and was sire of Sophonisba (1717) 
and Dimple. 

WHIMSEY, a dau. of the Darley Arabian,— the Young Child Mare by 
the Harpur Barb, — the Old Child Mare by Sir Thomas Grestley's Arabian 
(called Bay Roan), — Vixen by the Holderness Turk, — the dam of 
Dodsworth, was the property of Viscount Tracey. 




LORD OXFORD S BLOODY-SHOULDERED ARABIAN. 



LORD OXFORD'S BLOODY-SHOULDERED ARABIAN, deriving his 
name from a bright red mark on the point of liis shoulder, was the sire 
of several noted racers, foremost amongst which was the Duke 
of Bolton's famous chestnut horse, Sweepstakes. He was also sire of 
Sir Nathaniel Curzon's Brisk, the winner of several Royal Plates, in 
which he heat most of the best horses of his time. 

THE OLD MONTAGU MARE, by Lord D'Arcy's Woodcock (son of 
Bustler), — a mare of Lord Montagu's, was the dam of Sedbury. Eclipse, 
Voltaire, Weatherbit, Prince Charlie, and Sterling are amongst the 
descendants of the Old Montag-u Mare. 

CHAUNTER, a bay son of the Acaster Turk, — a dau. of the Leedes 
Arabian, — a dau. of Old Spanker, was foaled in 1710. " Chaunter was 
one of the most famous horses of his day ; but, aspiring, when twelve 
years old, to run a six-mile match — ten stone each — against Flying 
Childers, then seven years old, he suffered defeat." 

OLD ROYAL, a son of the Holderness Turk, — a dau. of Blunderbuss 
(son of Bustler), — a D'Arcy Royal Mare, was sire of Bald Charlotte. 



Famom Horses. 11 

PEPPER, a grey gelding, the property of Queen Anne, ran fur the 
Eoyal Gold Cup at York, in 1712 ; and Mustard, described as a nutmeg- 
grey horse, another of Her Majesty's racing stud, ran for the same stake 
in 1713. In 1714, " such was the concourse of nobility and gentry that 
attended York races that 150 coaches were at one time on the course." 

FOX, a bay son of Clumsey (by Old Hautboy, — Miss D'Arcy's Pet 
Mare), — Bay Peg by the Leedes Arabian, — Young Bald Peg by the 
Leedes Arabian, — Spanker's dam, was bred by Sir l?alph Asliton in 1714. 

FOX CUB, a bay son of Clumsey, — Charming Jennie by the Leedes 
Arabian, — a mare of the same name by an Arabian, was also bred by Sir 
Ralph Ashton in 1714. 

TRUE BLUE, a grey son of Honey wood's White Arabian, — a mare 
(bred by Mr. Bowes, of Gibside Park) by the Byerley Turk To the 
dam of True Blue the celebrated Melbourne family traces its origin. 
Principal Performances. 1715. Ran against Chaunter for the Ladies' 
]^late at York ; " but was much out of condition and ran with scoperills 
in him." 171(). Won the King's Gold Cup at York. 1719. Won the 
King's Plates at Nottingham, Lincoln, and Newmarket. 

BROCKLESBY BETTY, a dark chestnut dau. of the Curwen Bay Barb, 
— the Hobby Mare by the J^ister Turk, was foaled in 1711. Broeklesby 
Betty won tlie Gold Cup at York, the " Silver Tea Board" at Lincoln, 
two Royal Cups at Newmarket, one at Hambledon, &c. " As a runner 
she was considered superior to any of her day, notwithstanding that she 
was a l)rood mare before she was trained." 

ALEPPO, a bay son of the Harley Arabian, — a dau. of Old Hautboy, 
was foaled in 1711, and won the Ladies' Plate at York in 171G, together 
with several other plates and prizes. 

CONEYSKINS, a grey son of the Lister Turk, — a dau. of Hutton's 
Grey Barb, was bred by the Duke of Rutland in 1712. Coneyskins won 
the King's Gold Cujj at York in 1718 ; also the Royal Cups at 
Nottingham, Lincoln, and Newmarket. 

DESDEMONA, a dau. of Old Greyhound,— a dau. of Makeless,— a 
dau. of Brimmer, — a dau. of Dicky Pierson, — Mr. Burton's Violet Barb 
Mare (in Lord D'Arcy's stud), was foaled in 1714 ; and " was allowed to 
be one of the best plate mares of her time in the north, where she won 
several prizes, &c." 

BONNY BLACK, a black dau. of Black Hearty,— a dau. of a Persian 
stallion, was foaled in 1 7 L 5. Bonny Black was the best runner of her time ; 
and a challenge by her owner to run her four times over the Round Course 
at Newmarket against any animal in the Kingdom was not accepted. 




^few^'^ 



Hill il liy .s i/ijiiiiii . 



PLYING CHILDEKS. 



FLYING CHILDERS, a bay son of the Darley Arabian, — Bettj 
Leedes by Old Careless (son of Spanker), — sister to Leedes by the Leedes 
Arabian, — a dau. of Spanker,— the old Morocco Mare, which mare was 
also the dam of Spanker, was bred by Leonard Childers, Esq., of Carr 
House, near Doneaster, in 1715, and sold when young to the Duke of 
Devonshire. Flying Childers was a galloway, about fourteen hands and 
a half in height ; and was what we call a close-made horse, short-backed 
and compact, whose reach lay altogether in his limbs. Eclipse, on the 
other hand, was the reverse of this, having great length of waist, and 
standing over considerable ground. If anatomical structure have any- 
thing to do with speed ; then, looking at their respective frames, it is 
evident that, at weight for age over a mile course. Eclipse must have 
beaten Childers. Flying Childers in his earlier days was employed to 
carry the letter-bag backwards and forwards between the Hall and Don- 
caster. On the road he beat everything that opposed him ; and, 
subsequently on the turf, the best that England could bring against him. 
He was never beaten ; though it must be added that he ran on five 
occasions only, and of these, but two were officially reported. The best 



FaiiiuKs Ilorst'-s. 13 

horses in liis clay seldom ran more than five or six times, there being 
scarcely any plates of note, except Royal plates, and very few sweepstakes 
or matches made, except at Newmarket, nntil about the year 1700. In 
his race with Almanzor and Brown Betty over the Round Course at 
Newmarket, Flying- Childers (9st. 21b.) was timed by the Dukes of 
Devonshire and Rutland to have moved as much as 82-|- feet in a second 
of time, which is at the rate of close upon a mile a minute. Flying 
Childers proved a very valuable stallion, though he covered but few 
mares, besides those of the Duke of Devonshire. He died in 1741. The 
immense number of Inn signs and portraits still extant all tend to show 
the immense popularity of Flying Childers. 

WOODCOCK (brother to Castaway), a bay son of Merlin, was foaled 
in 17L"), and won the Royal Plate at York in 1721. "Proserpine and Mr. 
Frampton's grey gelding were the favourites before starting, and large 
sums were depending between the two ; unfortunately, when they had 
run about a mile, they both fell ; by this accident the riders, Edward 
Jackson and John Pearson, were so much bruised as to be obliged to be 
carried off the course in a carriage to Clifton, where Jackson died in a few 
weeks, and Pearson did not long survive him." At Lincoln Woodcock 
again beat Proserpine and Mr. Frampton's gelding ; but the latter turned 
the tables on him at Newmarket in October. "Woodcock was backed to 
win at high odds ; but it was observed that the gelding, true to his 
master's interest, convinced the friends of honest Woodcock that he only 
complimented him with the Royal Plate at Lincoln, with a view to their 
meeting at Newmarket." In April, 1722, however. Woodcock won the 
Royal Plate at Newmarket, beating Mr. Frampton's gelding, Proserpine, 
and others. " This was one of the most numerous meetings ever known 
at Newmarket ; for, though Woodcock was but poorly attended by his 
friends in October ; yet, in April, scarcely a sporting gentleman was left 
in the north, and those in the south were very happy to receive them ; 
various were their opinions, and each party were flushed with the most 
certam success. Mr. Frampton's gelding was the favourite ; but no 
sooner was a bet proposed than it was immediately taken, till a great 
many thousands were depending on both sides , and it was said that there 
had not been so much money sported on any race since that of Merlin's. 
Woodcock won easy. After which an old Yorkshire sportsman remarked 
that, ' though Woodcock had drooped like the leaves in October, yet he was 
as sweet as violets in the spring.' Woodcock was rode for the above races 
by Mr. Match'em Timms, a much esteemed and very favourite jockey." 




I'iniiliil ly Seymour, 



OLD PARTNER. 



OLD PARTNER, a chestnut son of Sir Eoger Mostyn's Jigg (by the 
Byerley Turk), — own sister to the Mixbury Galloway (an animal only 
thirteen hands two inches high, but one of the best runners of his time 
at low weights) by the Curwen Bay Barb, — a dau. of Old Spot (by the 
Selaby Turk), — a dau. of the chestnut white-legged Lowther Barb, — the 
famous Vintner Mare, was foaled in 1718. "Old Partner was a horse 
of great power, fine shape and beauty, the best racer of his time at 
Newmarket, and as fine a stallion as any up to that time bred in the 
kingdom." In the above portrait can be seen, both in the head and in 
the hind-quarters, all the characteristics of his Oriental descent ; but, 
already, the forcing system shows itself in the elongation of the frame, 
and in the strength which we express by the term "bone." 

HARTLEY'S BLIND STALLION, a son of the Holderness Turk,— Sir 
Ealph Milbanke's famous black mare (a dau. of Makeless and a D'Arcy 
Eoyal Mare, " and considered to be the highest and best bred mare in 
England of her day"), was foaled about 1715. 

THE OLD SCARBOROUGH lYIARE, a dau. of Makeless,— a dau. of 



Famous Horses. 15 

Brimmer, was foaled about 1715. She beat the Duke of Eutland's 
famous mare Bonuy Black in a match at Newmarket. 

SOPHONISBA, a chestnut dau. of Dimple (by the Leedes Arabian), 
was foaled in 1717. She is said to have been " without doubt the best 
mare in the kino-dom of her time." 

YOUNG GREYHOUND, a son of Old Greyhound (by Chillaby) — a dau. 
of Mr. Wastall's Turk,— a dau. of Old Hautboy,— a dau. of Mr. Place's 
White Turk, — a dau. of Dodsworth, — Mr. Layton's Violet Barb Mare, 
was foaled in 1718. Young (Ireyhound never ran, and " served but few 
mares, notwithstanding he will be frequently found in the various 
pedigrees." 

MISS BELVOIRE, a dau. of Grey Grantham (by the Brownlow 
Turk), — a dau. of the Duke of Rutland's Paget Turk, — -Betty Percival 
by the Leedes Arabian, — a dau. of Spanker, was foaled in 1711). " Miss 
Belvoire was allowed to be the best mare of her time that ran at 
Newmarket, where she won the King's Plate for mares and a great 
match." 

BLOODY BUTTOCKS, a grey horse, deriving his name from a bright 
scarlet patch on his near hind-quarter, and believed to have been an 
Arabian, though the names of neither sire nor dam were ever made public, 
was foaled about 1719. " Bloody Buttocks was sire of several brood 
mares, from whom have descended some of our best and speediest racers." 

SQUIRREL, a bay son of Snake, — a dau. of the Acaster Turk, — a mare 
by a son of the Pulleine Arabian, — a dau. of Brimmer, — a dau. of the 
D'Arcy Yellow Turk and a D'Arcy Eoyal Mare, was foaled in 1711). 
" Squirrel, at high weights, was the best horse of his age and time in the 
kingdom." He was sold for SOU guineas. 

MISS NEASHAM (afterwards called Mother Neasham), a bay dau. of 
Capt. Hartley's Blind Stallion, — a dau. of Commoner (by Place's White 
Turk), was foaled in 17.20. "Miss Neasham was a good stayer, a 
consistent runner, and the winner of many races. She was the favourite 
mount of Mr. Stephen Jefferson, a leading rider of the day." 

THE HAMPTON COURT CHILDERS, a son of Flying Childers,— 
Duchess by the Newcastle Turk, — Grey Eoyal by the D'Arcy White 
Turk, was bred by the Duke of Devonshire about 17.21. 

HIP, a son of the Curwen Bay Barb, — sister to Brocklesby Betty's 
dam by the Lister Turk, was foaled in 17.2.2. 

WHITENOSE, a son of Mr. Hall's Arabian,— a dau. of Old Jigg (sire 
of Partner), was foaled about 1722. 




I'dillint hii ,Stlllll<i 



BALD CHARLOTTE. 



BALD CHARLOTTE, a finely- shaped chestnut dan. of Old lioyal,— 
a dau. of Castaway ,^ — a grey dan. of Brimmer, was foaled in 1721. 
Principal Performances. 172(5. Won the King's Plate at Hambledon 
and the " Great Contribution Stakes" at Newmarket. 1727. Won the 
King's Plate for mares at Newmarket, a four-mile match under the welter 
of eighteen-stone, and the King's Plate at Winchester. Bald Charlotte 
was thought to he " the best mare in the kingdom of her time." 

SWEEPSTAKES, a chestnut son of the Bloody-Shouldered Arabian, — 
a dau. of an unknown horse, — a dau. of the Lister Turk, was foaled in 
1722. "Sweepstakes was the sire of the dam of Lord Rockingham's 
chestnut horse, Whistlejacket, and also sire of the " grand-dam of 
Mr. O'Kelly's famous Old Tartar Mare, who threw so many splendid 
chestnuts to Eclipse." 

OLD CRAB, a gre}^ son of the Alcock Arabian, — a dau. of Basto, — 
the dam of Partner, was foaled in 1722. "Crab was a stallion in Mr. 
Panton's stud at Newmarket, and was sire of a great many excellent 
racers, stallions, and brood mares." 

OLD CARTOUCHE, a son of the Bald Galloway (by the St. Victor 
Barb), — a mare (bred in the Royal Stud at Hampton Court) by the 
Cripple Barb, — a dau. of Makeless, — a dau. of Place's White Turk, — a 
dau. of Dods worth ,-^Mr. Layton's Violet Barb Mare did not exceed 



Faii/oiis Ilor.se.'f. 17 

14 hands. " It has been asserted by many sportsmen that there was 
not a horse of his time in the kingdom able to run with him from 
eight to twelve stone. He only ran one match,, which was against Jonquil, 
at Newmarket, which he won A^ery easy." So runs the old chronicle ! 

GO LI AH, a grey son of Old Greyhound, — Sampson and Sophonisba's 
dam by the Curwen Bay Barb, — a dau. of the D'Arcy Chestnut Arabian. 
— a dau. of Whiteshirt,^a favourite mare of Lord Montague's, was 
foaled in 172.2. Goliah won the Gold Cup at Winchester. 

MOLLY, by the Thoulouse Barb, was matched in 1723 to run four 
miles at Newmarket against the Duke of Bolton's Terror, and, t/ro //o/n:s- 
a/ferwarck, against his Grace's Badger. She died, however, in great 
agony, between the Stand and the Rubbing House, whilst running the 
first match, and was, therefore, spared the cruelty of running the second. 
Molly was " not of great size, nor had she so considerable a share of speed 
as some others have had ; but was of such durable last in running that she 
was never beat at Newmarket until in the match which cost her her life." 

SLOVEN, a brown son of Bay Bolton, — a dau. of the Curwen Bay 
Barb, — a dau. of the Curwen Old Spot, — a dau. of the Chestnut White- 
Legged Low^ther Barb and the famous Vintner Mare, was bred by the 
Duke of Bolton in 1723. 

THUNDERBOLT (first called BADGER), a grey son of Mr. Wood's 
Counsellor, — a dau. of Snake, — a dau. of Luggs, — a dau. of Mr. Davill's 
Woodcock, was foaled in 1723. Principal Performances. 1728. Won 
the Ladies' Gold Cup at York, in which race " he proved himself so 
much superior to his antagonists that his rider, John Craggs, pulled him 
up and walked round the turning posts ; after wdiich, it was said, he 
could have won by a distance." 1729. Won the King's Plate at 
Winchester, and the King's Plate at Newmarket October. 

HOBGOBLIN, a brown son of Aleppo (by the Darley Arabian), — a 
dau. of Careless, — a dau. of Old Smithson, — a dau. of the Duke of 
Argyll's Wanton Willy, was foaled in 1724. 

BLACKLEGS, a son of Mr. Hutton's Bay Barb (known also as the Mulso 
Bay Turk), — a dau. of Coneyskins, — a dau. of Mr. Wilkes' Hautboy, was 
foaled in 1725, and was sire of the dam of the celebrated stallion Marske. 

FEARNOUGHT, a dark brown son of Bay Bolton, — a dau. of the 
Lexington Grey Arabian, — a dau. of Curwen's Old Spot, — a dau. of 
Spanker, — the dam of Grey Ramsden by the Byerley Turk, — a dau. of 
the Taffolet Barb, was bred by Sir William Eamsden, Bart., in 1724, 
and was the best horse of his time at Newmarket. 




J'audi'd l.v Geo. ««t/.i. 



GODOLPHIN ARABIAN. 



THE GODOLPHIN BARB (also known as the Godolphin Arabian). 
This famous animal — foaled in 1724 — was a Ijrown, standing about fifteen 
hands. His points more resembled those of the highest breed of Barbs, 
though he was for a long time looked upon as an Arabian. His pedigree 
was never made public. It is generally supposed tliat he was imported 
into England from Barbary ; and there is reason to think that he was 
sent as a present from the Emperor of Morocco to Louis XIV. Believed 
to have been stolen and taken to Paris, he is said to have been purchased 
by a Mr. Coke for 3/. from the owner of a water-cart in that city. His 
new owner gave him to Mr. Roger Williams, by whom he was presented 
to the Earl of Godolphin, in whose possession he remained as a private 
stallion until his death, which took place under the shadow of the Gog- 
Magog hills in 1753. A plain flat stone, in a covered passage leading to 
his stable, marks his grave. It is stated that, after he had accidentally 
flattened out his favourite cat, for which he had an extraordinary affection, 
he pined from remorse, and savaged every other cat that came near him. 
The sire list eight years after his death contained at least fifteen of his 



F(ui/oi/st Hor.sc8. 19 

sons, one of which, the " Gower Stallion," is described therein as having 
" bone enong'h to carry eighteen stone a hunting." Lath, one of the 
finest horses of his day, and said to have been the best that had appeared 
at Newmarket for many years previous to his time, Childers only 
excepted, was the first of his get. The Godolphin Arabian was also sire 
of Cade (who was sire of the celebrated Match'em), Regains, Blank, 
Babraham, Bajazet, Old England, and many other noted animals. At 
his interment cake and ale w^ere distributed to those present. In 1894 
the wanning descendants of the Godolphin Arabian numljered Init fifty- 
eight, ap]:)ropriating seventy-nine races, value 19,819/. 5.y. 

HIGHLAND LADDIE, a son of the Leedes Arabian, — a dau. of Spanker, 
— the Old Morocco mare, was bred by Lord d'Arcy. 

THE SNAKE lYIARE (dam of Squirt) was a dau. of Snake,— Grey 
Wilkes (sister to Clumsey) by Old Hautboy, — Miss d'Arcy 's Pet Mare (a 
dau. of a Sedbury lloyal Mare). 

THE WARLOCK GALLOWAY was a dau. of Mr. Lister's Snake,— a 
dau. of the Bald Galloway, — a dau. of Lord Carlisle's Turk. 

YOUNG BELGRADE, a son of the Belgrade Turk,— a dau. of Bay 
Bolton, — the Old Scarborough Mare by Makeless, was bred by Sir Mar- 
maduke Wyvil. 

FAVOURITE, a grey dau. of Lord Widdrington's Grey Arabian, — the 
dam of Miss Neasham, was foaled in 1725, and won several King's Plates. 

MONKEY, a bay son of the Lonsdale Bay Arabian, — a dau. of the 
Curwen Bay Barb, — a dau. of the Byerley Turk, — an Arabian mare, was 
foaled in 1725. Monkey only ran twice, viz. : At Newmarket, in 1730, 
when he w^on a sweep of 800 guineas, beating Fearnought, Polly, Grass- 
hopper, and Grey-legs, all high-class animals; and at York, in 1731, 
when he won the King's Plate, the first race ever run on Knavesmire. 

DIAIYIOND, a chestnut son of Jew Trump (by the Curwen Chestnut 
Arabian, — a dau. of the Bay Barb), — -a dau. of a Turk (of whom no 
record exists), — a dau. of the Bay Barb, — ^a dau. of the Wastall Turk, — a 
dau. of a Barb, — a noted running mare of Mr. Crofts, was bred by Mr. 
Curwen in 172G. 

HAZARD, a bay son of Leedes. — a dau. of the Curwen Bay Barb, — 
a dau. of the Byerley Turk, was foaled in 1726 ; and, in 1732, won 
the 500 Guineas Stakes for five-year-olds at Newmarket. 

SIYIILING MOLLY, a bay dau. of a son of the Darley Arabian, was 
foaled about 172G, and won the Royal Plate for mares at Newmarket in 
1732. 

c 2 




SIIiVERLOCKS. 



SILVERLOCKS, a chestnut dan. of the Bald Galloway,— a dan. of the 
Acaster Tnrk, — a dan. of the Leedes Arabian, — a dan. of Spanker, was 
foaled in 1725. Silverlocks was the dam of Silvertail and Bnffcoat, and 
grand-dam of Brilliant. 

ANCASTER DRIVER, a grey son of Wynn's Arabian,— the Lady Mare 
by the Ancaster Pert (a son of the Ely Turk), — a dan. of St. Martin by 
Spanker, — Mr. Burton's Natural Barb Mare, was bred by the Duke of 
Ancaster in 1 7.27. 

THE BOLTON GREY STARLING, a grey son of Bay Bolton,— a mare 
by a son of the Brownlow Turk, — Old Lady by the Pulleine Chestnut 
Arabian, — a dau. of Eockwood (son of Lord Lonsdale's Tregonwell 
Mare), — -a dau. of Bustler, was bred by the Duke of Bolton in 17.27. 
The Bolton Grey Starling won thv'^ Subscription Purse at Hambledon, 
the 700 Guineas Stakes at Newmarket, and other races, and was the sire 
of a great number of high-class animals. 

FOXHUNTER, a brown-bay son of Brisk (by the Darley Arabian),— 
Brown Betty by Basto, — the Duke of Eutland's Massey Mare by 



F(uii()/f-s Jlorscs. 21 

Mr. Massey's Black Barb, was foaled in \1-21. From the Massey Mare 
have descended Hermit, Gladiateur, Sosicrucian, &'c. 

BLACKLEGS, a brown-bay son of Flying Cliilders, — a dan. of 
Basto, — Partner's dam, was foaled in 172s. In 1733 he won the 
700 Gnineas Stakes at Newmarket, for horses rising- five years, beating 
Favonrite. Bhicklegs was sire of several good runners. 

CONQUEROR, an"^ undefeated chestnut son of Fox,— Bald (Charlotte's 
dam, was foaled in 1728. Concjueror won five King's Plates, and was 
considered one of the best geldings that had ever run at Newmarket. 

SHOCK, an undefeated brown son of Jigg, — the dam of Squirt by 
Snake, was foaled in 1720. 

PATRIOT, a grey son of Bay Bolton, — a dau. of Jigg, — Old Lady, 
was bred by the Duke of Bolton in 1720. 

PARTNER, a grey son of Old Partner, — a dau. of Hutton's Grey 
Barb, — Bay Wilkinson's dam by Why Not, — a dan. of Wilkinson's 
Turk, — Old Woodcock by the D'Arcy Woodcock, was bred by Lord 
Portmore in 1731. 

LOOK-AT-ME-LADS, a chestnut dau. of Grasshopper,— a dau. of Sir 
Michael Newton's Grey Arabian, — a dau. of Old Pert (by the Ely 
Turk), — a dau. of St. Martin's (son of Spanker), was bred by the Duke 
of Ancaster in 1731. 

SECOND, a bay son of Flying Childers,— the dam of Mr. Panton's 
Crab by Basto, was bred by the Duke of Devonshire in 1732. 
Second was described as "of fine size, beauty, and fashion," and was 
considered one of the best bred horses of his time. " He had in him a 
tincture of as high blood as any horse in the kingdom." 

SQUIRT, a chestnut son of Bartlett's Childers (by the Darley 
Arabian) ,^ — the Snake Mare (dam of Shock), M^as foaled in 1732. When 
Squirt was a stallion in Sir Harry Harpur's stud he was ordered to be 
shot, but as he was being led out to the dog-kennel he was begged off 
by the groom, " after wdiich he got Marske, Syphon, and Mr. Pratt's 
famous old mare that bred Pumpkin, Maiden, Purity, &c." Marske was 
sire of Eclipse, and Syphon was sire of Sweetbriar, Sweet William, 
Tandem, Daisy, &'c. 

SPANKING ROGER, a chestnut son of Flying Childers,— a dau. of the 
Duke of Rutland's Cyprus Arabian, — a dau. of Spanker, was bred by the 
Earl of Essex in 1732. 

BLAZE, a bay son of Flying Childers, — the Confederate Filly by Grey 
Grantham, — a dau. of the Duke of Rutland's Black Barb, was foaled in 
1733. 




WILSON CHESTNUT ARABIAN. 



THE WILSON CHESTNUT ARABIAN, a very liiglily bred, and compact 
and powerful, animal, was brought into England by the Earl of Kinnoul, 
British Ambassador at Constantinople. He was sire of the famous mare 
Primrose, her dam the Old Partner Mare (the dam of Match'em and 
C h angel mg). 

OLD CADE, a bay son of the Godolphin Arabian, — ^Roxana by the 
Bald Galloway, — Sister to Chaunter by the Acaster Turk,^ — a dau. of the 
Leedes Arabian, — a dau. of Spanker, was bred by the Earl of Godolphin 
in 1734. " Roxana dying w^hen Cade was about ten days old, the colt 
was brought up on cow's milk ; hence his name, signifying tender or 
delicate." Cade became a favourite stallion. 

COTTINGHAIYI, a chestnut son of Capt. Hartley's Blind Stallion,— 
a dau. of a son of Snake, — a dau. of a son of Rockwood, — the dam of 
Crutches and Wyndham by the Selaby Turk, was foaled in 1735. 

TRAVELLER, a bay son of Old Partner, — a dau. of Almanzor by the 
Darley Aral^ian, — -the dam of Spinner by Old Hautboy, — a dau. of 
Makeless, — a dau. of Brimmer, was bred by William Osbaldeston, Esq., 
in 1735. Dainty Davie and Squirrel were the best of Traveller's 
stock. 

SPINSTER, a chestnut dau. of Old Partner, — a dau. of Bloody 



Famous Horses. 23 

Buttocks, — the dam of Mr. Vane's Little Partner, was bred by 
Mr. Crofts, of Barfortli, in 1735. 

GOLDEN BALL, a chestnut son of Old Partner,— a dau. of Mr. 
Hutton's White Turk, — a dau. of Highland Laddie, — a dau. of the 
Byerley Turk, was foaled in 1735. 

FORESTER, a chestnut son of Captain Hartley's Blind Stallion,— a 
dau. of Partner, — a dau. of Greyhound, — Brocklesby Betty, was bred by 
Mr. John Crofts, in 1736. 

SNIP, a Ijrown son of Flying Childers, — a dau. of Basto, — the dam of 
Partner by the Cur wen Bay Barb, was bred by the Duke of Devonshire 
in 1736. 

STANDARD, a bay son of Young Belgrade,— a dau. of Tifter (by the 
Thoulouse Barb, — Sister to Leedes), — a dau. of Snake, — a dau. of the 
Pooley Diamond, — a dau. of Old Hautboy, — a favourite mare which 
Sir John Jennings bought of Lord D'Arcy, was bred by Sir Marmaduke 
Wyvill in 1736. 

RIB, a grey son of Old Crab, — the noted Doll by Lord D'Arcy 's 
Woodcock, — Queen Anne's Moonah Barb Mare, was bred by Sir Ealph 
Milbanke in 1736. 

THE CULLEN ARABIAN, a brown horse, bred about 1736 in the Eoyal 
Stud of the Emperor of Morocco, and much prized for the purity of his 
descent, was presented by the Emperor to the British Consul, and brought 
to England by Mr. Mosco, afterwards passing into the possession of 
Lord CuUen. " He was for many years a stallion of reputation and 
excellence at Eushton, in Northamptonshire ; and was the sire of Camillus, 
Mosco, Whimsey, Dragon's dam. Matron, Surface, &c., &c." 

MISS WAKELESS, a bay dau. of Young Greyhound,— a dau. of Old 
Partner, — a dau. of Woodcock (sire of Old Merlin), — a dau. of Mr. 
Croft's Bay Barb, — Desdemona's dam by Makeless, was foaled in 1737. 

THE ANCASTER STARLING, a grey son of the Bolton Grey Starling,— 
a dau. of Partner, — a dau. of Mr. Croft's Bay Barb, — a dau. of Makeless 
— Brimmer — Dicky Pierson — Mr. Burton's natural Barb Mare, was 
foaled in 1738. 




I'aintcd by Spencer. 



DORMOUSE. 



DORMOUSE, a singularly liandsome brown-bay son of tlie Godolphin 
Arabian, — a dan. of Old Partner, — a dan. of Makeless, — a dan. of 
Erimmer, — one of Lord D'Arcy's Eoyal Mares, was bred by the Earl of 
(iodolpbin in 1738. Dormouse measured 14 bands 1^ inches, and was 
only twice beaten. 

REGULUS, an undefeated bay son of the Godolphin Arabian, — Grey 
Eobinson by the Bald Galloway, — the Old Snake Mare (dam of Shock, 
Squirt, Lady Caroline, &c.), was bred by Lord Ched worth in 1739. 
" Eegulus was much superior to any other horse of his time, winning 
eight Royal Plates when six years old." 

BLANK, a bay son of the Godolphin Arabian, — Capt. Hartley's 
Little Mare by Bartlett's Childers, — Flying Whig by the Woodstock 
Arabian, was bred by the Earl of Godolphin in 1740. The Little Mare 
was dam also of Old England, Shakespear, Midas, &c. 

BABRAM, a bay son of the Godolphin Arabian, — Capt. Hartley's 
Large Mare by the Hartley Blind Stallion, — Flying Whig by the 
Woodstock Arabian, was bred by the Earl of Godolphin in 1740. 
Babram " was a horse of fine form and goodness, and was sire of several 
eminent running horses and brood mares." 



FaiNotf-s Jlorses. 25 

LITTLE JOHN, a grey son of Old Partner,— a dan. of Bloody 
Buttocks, — a dau. of (ireyliound, — Brocklesh}'^ Betty, was foaled 
in 1740. 

BAJAZET, a bay son of the Godolpliin Arabian, — a dau. of Whitefoot 
(by Bay Bolton), — the Leedes Mare by Leedes, — Queen Anne's Moonah 
Barb Mare, was bred by Sir John Dutton, of Sherborne, Dorset, in 1740. 
Bajazet beat Russet, Babram, Moorcock, Tom Thumb, &c. " He was 
sire of several good racers and brood mares." 

lYlARKSIYIAN, a son of the Godolpliin Arabian,— Lady Cow by the 
Hampton Court Chestnut Arabian, — liosinante's dam by Leedes, — (^ueen 
Anne's Moonah Barb Mare, was bred by the Earl of Godolpliin 
in 1741. 

CHARIYIING MOLLY, a brown dau of Second,— a dau. of the Staiiyan 
Arabian, — Gipsey by King William's " No-tongued " Barb, — a dau. of 
Makeless, — a Royal Mare, was foaled in 174.2. Charming Molly won 
the Gold Cup at Chester in 1748. 

TARTAR, a chestnut son of Old Partner, — Meliora by Lord Portmore's 
Fox,^ — Milkmaid by Snail, — a mare called the Shields Galloway, was bred 
by Mr. Leedes in 1743. Taiiar stood nearly fifteen hands in height, and 
" was considered as fine a horse as any in the kingdom at the time." He 
was sire of the celebrated King Herod. 

OTHELLO (commonly called " Black and All Black "), a black son of 
Old Crab, — Miss Slamerkin by Young Trae Blue, — a dau. of Lord 
Oxford's Dun Arabian, — a black-legged D'Arcy Royal Mare, was foaled 
in 1743. Principal Performances. 1749. Won four King's Plates. 
1751. At the Curragh, in receipt of 71b., beat Bajazet in a great four- 
mile match for 1000 guineas. " This w^as one of the greatest sporting 
matches that had ever been run in Ireland, and it was said that 
Sir Ralph Gore had 10,000/. depending on the event." 

SHAKESPEAR, a chestnut son of Hobgoblin,— the Little Hartley 
Mare, was bred by the Earl of Godolphin in 1745. " The Little Hartley 
Mare (along w^th Babram, Mogul, and Marlborough's dam) was 
purchased by Capt. Hartley in 173.2, for Lord Godolphin, for 
200 guineas." 

MARLBOROUGH, a black son of the Godolphin Arabian,— Capt. 
Hartley's Large Mare, was bred by the Earl of Godolphin in 1745. 
Marlborough only ran once, when he won a Sweepstakes at Newmarket. 




Painted by W. Webb. 



MATCH EM. 



MATCH'EIYI, a bay son of Old Cade,— a dan. (1733) of Old Partner,— 
a dan. of Makeless, — a dau. of Brimmer, — a dau. of Place's White Turk, 
— a dau. of Dodsvvorth, — Mr. Layton's Violet Barb Mare, was bred by 
John Holmes, Esq., in 1748. Match'em was a very strong shouldered 
horse, but particularly clumsy about the withers ; and, in his entire 
conformation, there was a general want of symmetrical proportion. In 
height he stood about fifteen hands one inch. The above portrait, 
inartificial and liomely though it be, has always been considered a good 
representation of this celebrated racer and stallion. " It used to be a 
saying amongst the touts of that day that they could tell the sons and 
daughters of Match'em in the dark from the way they laid their legs to 
the ground." Principal Performances. 1755. Newmarket April, B.C., 
8st. 71b. each: Match'em easily beat Trajan (by Eegulus). " It was said 
that Trajan ran the fastest up the Chalk Jade (Choke Jade), but could 
not maintain it ; time, 7min. 20sec. The friends of Trajan were not 
satisfied that Match'em was the best horse from the very indifferent 
condition of Trajan, who had been only taken from grass the previous 
December, and had had but one sweat during the whole winter; and, when 



FaiiiuNfi llurses. 27 

lie came to Newmarket, was injudiciously Imrried into the strongest 
exercise to prepare liim for running." At Newmarket, in 17")(), these 
two met again over the Beacon Course, lOst each. " When coming across 
the Flat, the betting was 5 to 1 on Trajan ; but, at the Turn of the Lands, 
100 to 1 on Match'em, who then made his run ; and it was observed that 
John Singleton, who rode him, judged rightly in keeping l)ehind and 
fretting the fiery Trajan until he had got him out." Match'em became 
the leading stallion in the North of England ; and in twenty- three years, 
had no less than 354 winners, with a total of 151,097/. He died in 
February, 17'^1. 

SAMPSON, a black son of Blaze, — ^Baboon's dam by Hip, — a dau. of 
Spark (by the Honeycomb Punch), — a dau. of Snake, — Lord D'Arcy's 
Queen, was foaled in 1745. Sampson was only once beaten, and the 
reason given was that his eye-sight failed him. He stood 15 hands 
2 inches high, and was the largest boned blood horse that had ever been 
bred. Round his leg below the knee, in the narrowest part, he measured 
8^ inches, and round the narrowest part of his hind leg \) inches." 

SKIIYI, a grey son of the Bolton Grey Starling, — Miss Mayes by 
Bartlett's Childers, — Sister to Thunderbolt b}^ Counsellor, — a dau. of 
Snake, was foaled in 1746. 

MOSES, a chestnut son of Foxhunter, — a dau. of the Duke of 
Portland's Arabian, — a dau. of Mr. Richard's Arabian, was bred by Lord 
died worth in 1746. 

YOUNG CADE, a bay son of Old Cade,— a dau. of Mr. Croft's Partner, 
—a dau. of Makeless, — a dau. of Brimmer, — a dau. of Mr. Place's White 
Turk, — a dau. of Dodswoi-th, — Mr. Layton's Violet Barb Mare, was 
foaled in 1747. "Young Cade was never trained for racing; but his 
grand, noble, and majestic appearance recommended him to breeders as a 
horse likely to be a very valuable stallion, as indeed he was, and the sire 
of many winners." 

CAMILLUS, a bay son of the Cullen Arabian, "fully fifteen hands 
high," — a dau. of Diamond, — Blue Eyed Susan by Rattle (a son of Sir 
John Harpur's Barb and a Royal Mare), — the Old Child Mare by Sir 
Thomas Grestley's Arabian, was foaled in 1748. 

CHANGELING (brother to Match'em) was foaled in 1747. He only 
ran once, " when he ran restive every heat, was twice second, but distanced 
in running for the third ; otherways it was thought he would have won 
easily." 




JASON, a grey son of Standard, — a dau. of the Duke of Beaufort's 
White Arabian, — a dau. of Lord Brooke's Arabian, — a dau. of the Darley 
Arabian, — a dau. of Brimmer, was bred by Nathaniel Curzon, Esq., in 
1749. Jason won many races, inchiding the Jockey Club Plate; and 
defeated, amongst others. Spectator by Crab (twice), Whistlejacket by 
Mogul (twice). Brilliant by Crab, and Sweepstakes by the (lower Stallion. 
He was the sire of several good runners. 

MERLIN, a bay son of Second,— Sister to Blank, was foaled in 
1748. 

DUCHESS, a bay dau. of Whitenose (by the Godolphin Arabian), — 
Miss Slamerkin, was foaled in 1748. Duchess was successful in eleven 
races, including seven King's Plates. 

CATO, a bay son of Regulus, — a dau. of Mr. Croft's Partner, was 
foaled in 1748 In 1753 Cato won the first King's Plate run for at 
Newcastle, 50,000 people being present. 

WHISTLEJACKET, a chestnut son of Mogul (by the Godolphin 
Arabian), — a dau. of Sweepstakes, — a dau. of the Hampton Court Chest- 
nut Arabian, — Makeless — Brimmer — Place's White Turk — Dodsworth 
— Mr. Layton's Violet Barb Mare, was foaled in 1749. In August, 1759, 



F(iij/o//-s Ilor-sc-s. 29 

in a foiir-niile matcli at Newniarket for 2000 Guineas, 9st. each, Whistle- 
jacket l)eat Brutus by a length after a closely contested race. 

SPECTATOR, a bay son^of Crab,— a dau. of Mr. Croft's Partner,— 
Bonnylass by Bay Bolton, — a dau. of the Darley Arabian, — a dau. of the 
Byerley Turk,— a dau. of the Taffolet Barb,— a dau. of Place's White 
Turk, — Mr. Tregonwell's natural Barb mare, was foaled in 1749. Spec- 
tator won five or six races, including the Jockey Club Plate at New- 
market in 1750; beating, at even weights, Brilliant, Matchless, Sweep- 
stakes, Crab, and Whistlejacket ; he also made a great name for himself 
at the stud. " Spectator died of a broken leg, which he got by crossing 
a grip in the pasture at Easby in the year 1772." 

CRIPPLE, a grey son of the Godolphin Arabian, — the grey Blossom 
by Crab, — a dau. of Flying Childers, — Miss Belvoire, was foaled in 1749. 

SNAP, a brown son of Snip, — a dau. of Fox, — Gipsey by Bay Bolton, 
— a dau. of the Newcastle Turk, — a dau. of the Byerley Turk, — a dau. of 
the Taffolet Barb, — a dau. of Place's White Turk, — a natural Barb mare, 
was foaled in 1750. Snap beat Marske (twice) and Sweepstakes, and also 
won the " Free Plate " at York. These were his only races. " Snap was 
a very fine horse, with great power, and was considered equal, if not 
superior, to any horse of his day." His success at the stud was also very 
marked, as in twenty-one years he had 261 winners of a total of 92,637/. 

THE JOCKEY CLUB, it is supposed, was founded about 1750 ; and the 
first plate, for members only, was run for in 1753. The Club met at the 
" Star and Garter," Pall Mall ; or at the " Thatched House," St James'; 
and also at the " Eed Lion," Newmarket. In 1752 the Jockey Club 
built a room at Newmarket on property held in trust by the Duke of 
Ancaster and the first Lord Hastings ; and passed its first rule, relating 
to admission, in 1767. Amongst the earliest members were the Dukes of 
Cumberland and York, the Duke of Bridgewater, the Dukes of Devonshire, 
Grafton, and Hamilton, the Earl of Barrymore, Lord Craven, Lord 
Rockingham, Sir Charles Bunbury, and Sir James Lowther. In 1774 
Mr. Weatherby became Keeper of the Match-book, Stakeholder, 
Auctioneer, and Solicitor to the Club. Later on we find amongst 
the members George IV., William IV., and Philip Egalite. 




I'aintiiUni (,a> Stulih^ 



IVIARSKE, a brown son of Squirt, — the Ruby Mare by Blacklegs (son 
of the Mulso Bay Turk), — a dau. of Bay Bolton, — a clau. of Fox Cub, — 
a dau. of Coneyskms, was bred by John Hutton, Esq., of Marske, near 
Richmond, Yorkshire, in 1750. Marske, when a foal, jDassed into the 
possession of the Duke of Cumberland, Mr. Hutton taking, in exchange, 
a chestnut Arabian. Marske was not distinguished as a racer, although 
he won the Jockey Club Plate in 1754, beating Brilliant and others; 
and, at the sale of the Duke's stud, w^as purchased by a farmer for a very 
small sum. Through the unequalled performances of his son Eclipse, 
however, he became the most popular stallion in England, and was sold 
to the Earl of Abingdon for 1000 guineas, and sent to his LordshijD's 
stud at Rycot, Oxon, where he covered at 100 guineas, until his death in 
July, 1779. In twenty-two years Marske had 154 winners of a total of 
71,b)00(^. He was sire of Eclipse, Young Marske, Sharke, Masquerade, 
Leviathan, Hephestion, Desdemona, Narcissus, &c., &'c. 

SYPHON, a chestnut son of Squirt, — a dau. of Patriot, — a dau. of 
Old Crab, — Sister to Sloven, was bred by the Duke of Bolton in 
1750. Principal Performances. 1754. York: Won the Great Subscription. 
1755. Newmarket April : Second to Brilliant, beating Marske and five 
others. Syphon started once more after this, but broke down in running. 



Faiiiotfs Horses. 81 

THE TARTAR MARE (dam of Jupiter, Antiochus, Adonis, Mercury, 
Volunteer, Queen Mai), cVc), a dau. of Tartar, — a dau. of Mogul, — 
a dau. of Sweepstakes, — a dau. of Bay Bolton — Curwen Bay Barb — Old 
Spot — AVliite-leg'ged Lowtlier Barb — Vintner Mare, was bred by Mr. 
Leedes about tlie year 1751, and passed into the possession of the Duke 
of Bolton. " This mare, when turned twenfij years of age, was purchased 
for jive (/uiiieas by a person who sold her for one (jninea more ; after 
which, Mr. O'Kelly bought her for 100 guineas ; the seller was much 
elated, conceiving that he had made his fortune. It has been asserted, 
that Mr. O'Kelly, from the produce of the above Tartar Mare, after she 
was turned twent// years of age, cleared about ihirty iliou sand pounds ''' 

DAINTY DAVIE, a bay son of Traveller, — the noted mare called 
Slighted-by-All by Fox Cub,— a dau. of Jigg, — Match'em's grand-dam 
by Makeless, was bred by the Duke of Cleveland in 175.2. Dainty 
Davie either won or walked over for twenty-three prizes, and was only 
beaten three times. He won the Gold Cup at Richmond in 1751), the 
year of its institution, and also in 1760, 1761, 1762, and 1763. 

ALCIDES, a bay son of Babram, — a dau. of the Bolton Grrey Starling, 
— Young Cade's dam by Partner, was foaled in 1753. 

lYIATCHLESS, a brown-bay son of the (lodolphin Arabian, — a dau. of 
Soreheels, — the dam of Hartley's Blind Stallion, was foaled in 1753. 
He only ran once, when he was second to Marcus for a sweepstakes of 
800 guineas at Newmarket, in April, 1758, and was described as " a horse 
of great size, strength, and beauty." He was sire of the grand-dam of 
Brunette, so well known as the dam of Cat, Cantator, Trumpator, 
Cordelia, Harpator, Jubilator, Vipator, Drumator, &c. 

CYGNET, a grey son of the Grodolphin Arabian, — the grey Blossom 
by Old Crab, — a dau. of Flying Childers, — Miss Belvoire, was bred by 
the Earl of Godolphin in 1753. 




BRILLIANT. 



BRILLIANT, a dun son of Old Crab,— sister to Buffcoat by the 
Grodolpllin Arabian, — Silverlocks by the Bald Galloway, was bred by 
the Earl of Portmore in 1750. Brilliant did not belie his name, either 
on the turf or at the stud. He was sire of the famous Don -Dun, 
Bellario, Ariel, Caliban, Lais, Dorilas, Paris, Elthron, &c. 

SPORTSMAN, a bay- son of Old Cade,— Silvertail by Whitenose (son 
of Mr. Hall's Arabian), — a dau. of Rattle, — Sister to Whimsey by the 
Darley Arabian, was foaled in 1753. Sportsman was sire of Sports- 
mistress, the dam of Pot-S-os by Eclipse. 

SQUIRREL, a bay son of Traveller, — Dairymaid by Bloody Buttocks, — 

a dau. of Old Greyhound — Makeless — Brimmer — Place's White Turk — 

«/ 

Dodsworth — Violet Barb Mare, was foaled in 1754. At Newmarket, 
in October, 175S, Squirrel won a Sweepstakes of 1400 guineas for 
four-year-olds, B.C. At Newmarket, in April, 1700, he beat the 
Duke of Cumberland's Dapper; and at Newmarket, in March, 1764, 
in a Match for 1000 guineas over the Beacon Course, he easily beat 
Sir James Lowther's Jason. Squirrel won all his races but two, and, 
becoming a favourite stallion, was sire of a great number of speedy 



Fanioifs Horses. 33 

animals and of an uncommon number of valuable l)rood mares. In 
fourteen years lie had 183 winners of a total of 56,036/. 

THE SPOT MARE, a dau. of Old Spot by the Selaby Turk. From this 
mare has descended the celebrated Agnes family, including Lily Agnes, 
Ormonde, Orme, ika. 

SILVIO, a brown son of Old Cade, — Mab by Hobgoblin, — Little Bowes 
by Mixbury,— a dau. of Hutton's Grrey Barb, — a dau. of the Byerley 
Turk, — Sister to the Coffin Mare, was foaled m 1754. " Silvio was 
second to Dainty Davie for the Grold Cups at Richmond in the years 
1760, 1761, 176.2, and 1763." 

SPRIGHTLY, a brown-bay son of Old Cade,— Swift's dam by Old 
Cartouche,— Snap's dam by Fox, was foaled in 1754. Sprightly won 
a number of 50/. " give-and-take " Plates ; and, when seventeen years old, 
was sold for 10 guineas to a miller. After his son Pyrrhus, however, 
appeared at Newmarket, his original owner repurchased him for 
\'l guineas, and about a fortnight after refused 500 guineas for him. 

THE DAMASCUS ARABIAN, a black-brown horse, bred in 1754 by the 
Arab Chief of Acria (famous for his breed of horses), and brought to 
England in 1760, was known to be of the purest Arab breed, without 
any mixture of the Turcoman or Barb, and was a horse of good bone and 
substance, standing just over 14 hands, a height very seldom exceeded by 
Arabians. He was a stallion of distinction in his time. 

ENGINEER, a brown son of Sampson, — Miner's dam by Young 
Greyhound, — a dau. of the Curvven Bay Barb, was foaled in 1755. 

THE NORTHUMBERLAND ARABIAN (afterwards known as "The 
Leedes Arabian"), was a brown horse foaled in 1755. "He was 
purchased in Yenine of the Imaum, or King, of Sinna, in Arabia Felix, 
at very great expense, and brought into England by Mr. Phillij^s. He 
served very few mares, but nearly all his get were winners." 

THE GOWER STALLION MARE, a dau. of the Oower Stallion (by the 
Grodolphin Arabian), — a dau. of Regulus, — a dau. of Hip, — a dau. of 
Hartley's Blind Horse — Flying Whig by the Woodstock Arabian. 
From this mare has descended the celebrated Queen Mary family, 
including Caller Ou, Blink Bonny, Blair Athol, Breadalbane, Borealis, 
Broomielaw, Blinkhoolie, Haricot, Braxey, Bonnie Scotland, Beauclerc, 
and Prince Charlie. 




I'aiittnl III/ ><arlorius. 



KING HEROD. 



KING HEROD (commonly called "Herod"), a bay son of Tartar,— 
Cypron (never trained for racing) by Blaze, — Selina by Betliell's Arabian, 
— a dau. of Champion (by the Harpur Arabian), — a dan. of the Darley 
Arabian, was bred by the Duke of Cumberland in 1758. King Herod 
was a remarkably fine and powerful horse, a fair performer on the turf, 
winning some important matches ; and most successful at the stud, 
having in nineteen years no less than 497 winners of a total of .201,505/., 
an extraordinary record. King Herod was sire of Anvil, Buccaneer, 
Drone, Epaminondas, Lord Grosvenor's Faith, Florizel, Highflyer, Maria, 
Perdita, Phenomenon, Tuberose, Woodpecker, &c., &c. In 1894, 113 
descendants of Herod won .212 races of a total value of 41,582/., while 
827 descendants of Eclipse won over 421,400/. 

MISS SOUTH, a bay dau. of South (by Eegulus, — a dau. of Soreheels, 
— the dam of Hartley's Blind Stallion), — a dau. of Old Cai-touche, — Young 
Ebony by Flying Childers, — Old Ebony by Basto, — the Duke of 



Famous Horses. 35 

Eutlancl's Massey Mare by ]\Ir. Massey's Black Barb, was foaled in 
175S. 

BELL'S GREY ARABIAN, foaled about 1759, and said to have been 
" of the purest and most esteemed breed," was brought to England with 
great care and at great expense, having had a guard of ten men during a 
journey of thirty days through the deserts. He was sire of Voltaire, 
Orlando, Lazarus, Bellissimo, Belinda, Harlequin, Juliana, Atalanta, &c. 
BAY lYIALTON, a bay son of Sampson, — Sister to Leonidas by Old Cade, 
—Lass of the Mill by old Traveller, — Miss Makeless, w^as foaled in 1700. 
Principal Performances. 17G5. Newmarket: In receipt of 71b., Bay 
Malton beat Oimcrack, considered at the time to be the best runner in 
the South. Subsequently, however, Gimcrack twice turned the tables on 
him. 1766. York : Won the Great Subscription under 8st. 71b., covering 
the four miles in 7min. 43-^sec. At this meeting, " The north 
country gentlemen beat those of the south, which showed the superiority 
of the breed of horses in the north. There was excellent sport each day, 
fine weather, and a numerous and brilliant appearance of nobility and 
gentry, including H.R.H. the Duke of York, the Marquis and 
Marchioness of Eockingham, the Earls of Albemarle, Carlisle, Courtenay, 
Elgin, Eitzwilliam, Fingal, Hereford, March, Mexborough, Ossory, and 
Scarborough, Sir Charles Bunbury, Sir Thomas Gascoigne, Sir William 
Milner, Sir Rowland Winn, &c., &c. There were 559 subscribers to the 
Assembly Pooms." 1767. Won a sweepstakes of 500 guineas each; 
beating, at even weights, Herod, Turf, and Ascham, all racers of high 
class. " This race brought together a larger number of people of all 
ranks than had ever before been seen at Newmarket. The Tykes 
backed Bay Malton freely, and won thousands. As to the rare merits of 
Bay Malton and the rest of the Sampsons, which so highly distinguished 
themselves at Newmarket, it was always remarked of Bay Malton that 
he was a small horse compared with the others of that stock, but that he 
showed more quality than any of them, and was a stout and true runner." 
OTHO, a bay son of Moses, — Miss Vernon by Cade, — Sister to 
Spinster b}' Old Partner, was bred by Richard Vernon, Esq., of New- 
market, in 1760. Otho was victorious over Turf, Narcissus, Antinous, 
&c.. Bay Malton being the only animal that beat him. He was sire of 
Dorimant, Comus, and other winners. 

PROPHET, a chestnut son of Regulus, — a dau. of Old Partner, — Sister 
to SamjDson, was foaled in 1760. Prophet won the 1400 Guineas Stakes 
over the Beacon Course in 1764, and was only twice beaten. 

D 2 




J aiiitui 1)1 o o stiilljs. 



GIMCRACK. 



GIIYICRACK, a grey son of Cripple, — a dan. of Partner (son of Old 
Partner), — C(jelia by Old Partner — a dan. of Bloody Buttocks, — a dan. 
of Old Greyhound, — Brocklesby Betty, was foaled in 17()(). Gimcrack 
was on the turf for no less than eleven years, winning twenty-five 
races, and beating, amongst others, Antelope, Prophet, Treasurer, 
Ascham, Selim, Chatsworth, Cardinal Puff, Bay Malton, Pilgrim, 
Bellario, &c. He was a famous stayer, and in France, in 1706, he covered 
22^ miles within the hour. Gimcrack was just over fourteen hands in 
height, and showed a deal of the Arab character. He stood as a stallion 
at Newmarket, and was very successful, though he served but few mares. 
It was to perpetuate the fame of this game little horse that the celebrated 
Gimcrack Club was formed in York in 1767. 

YORKSHIRE JENNY, a bay dan. of Young Cade,— a mare (foaled in 
1746) by Traveller, — a dan. of Hartley's Blind Stallion, was foaled in 
1758. Having been successful upon each of the five occasions upon 
which she started in public, Yorkshire Jenny came to York, where she 
won the Subscription Purse (four miles), beating Beaufremont, Wanlass, 
Flora, Lumber, and Pp-ois. " Yorkshire Jenny was rode by Leonard 



Famous Horses. 37 

Jewison, and Beaufreniont by Joseph Eose, who broke a stirrup in 
running. There were a much greater number of people this day upon the 
course than was ever before remembered, and the huzzaing by the country 
people, on account of Yorkshire Jenny's winning, was even heard in the 
city of York." At Newmarket, in April, 1704, she won the King's Plate 
for ]\ lares. 

LE SANG, a bay son of Changeling (brother to Match'em), — Duchess 
by Whitenose (son of the Godolphin Arabian), — Miss Slamerkin, was 
foaled in 1759. In Auo-ust, 1764, he won the Ladies' Plate at York, but 
not without " great difficulty, although he was befriended by Vizier, who 
ran Yorkshire Jenny a terrible race for the second heat." At Eichmond, 
in September, he won the Grold Cup. " Silvio had the misfortune to run 
against a post in the second mile, and threw his rider, Charles Dawson. 
It was supposed that more money was sported on this race than was ever 
known before in the north of England. Le Sang was rode by John 
Kirton." Le Sang died after he had been but a short time at the stud. 

TANTRUM, a bay son of Cripple, — a dau. of the Hampton Court 
Childers,^ — a dau. of Whitefoot, — a dau. of Mr. Stanyan's Arabian, — 
Queen Anne's Moonali Barb Mare, was foaled in 1700. Tantrum 
did not run in public until he was eight years old. He won the 
Doncaster Cup in 1709. An advertisement of the day describes him 
as " a strong, beautiful made horse ; the best bred, and best stallion 
now in the world. Possessed of instinct in the superlative degree, and 
withal a genuine spirit. His gay and airy form of going surpassed most 
others." 

TURF, a bay son of Match'em, — a dau. of the Duke of Ancaster's 
Starling, — a dau. of Lord Orford's Turk, was foaled in 1700. He was 
the winner of many races. 

PACOLET, a grey son of Blank, — the grey Whiteneck by Old Crab, — 
a dau. of the Godolphin Arabian, — a dau. of Mr. Curwen's Bay Barb, — 
Mr. Marshall's Spot, — sister to Lowther's white-legged Chef Barb, — the 
Vintner Mare, was foaled in 1703. Pacolet won the Jockey Club Plate 
and many other races. Faith and Citizen were the best of his get ; but 
he had not fair play as a stallion. 




I'aintcii hii Geo. Stiibhs 



ECLIPSE, a chestnut son of Marske, — Spiletta by Regulus, — Mother 
Western by Smith's Son of Snake, — a dan. of Lord D'Arcy's Okl 
Montague, — a dan. of Old Hautboy, — a dau. of Brimmer, was bred by 
H.R.H. William Duke of Cumberland, and was foaled during the great 
eclipse in 1764. After the Duke's decease, Mr. Wildman, who was a 
salesman at Smithfield, and for many years kept a good stud of race- 
horses at Mickleham, near Epsom, attended the sale of the Duke's stud, 
with a view to the purchase of Eclipse ; but, before his arrival, the colt 
had been put up, and knocked down for 70 guineas. Looking at 
his watch, he found the sale had commenced before the time announced 
in the advertisement, and insisted that all lots sold should be put up 
again. This demand was assented to, and he bought Eclipse for 75 
guineas. Subsequently, Mr. Dennis O'Kelly gave 050 guineas for a half 
share in him, afterwards buying from Mr. Wildman the remaining half 
for 1000 guineas. The temper of Eclipse at one time was so bad that it 
was feared it would be impossible to bring him to the post except as a 
gelding. He was, however, placed in the hands of a rough rider living 
near Epsom, who almost worked him off his legs, riding him about the 



Famous Horses. 39 

country all day upon liis own business, and often keeping him out all 
night upon his poaching excursions. Still this treatment failed to subdue 
his indomitable spirit. Eclipse did not run in public until he was five 
years old, was never beaten, and was allowed to be the fleetest horse that 
had been seen in England since the time of Flying Childers. Jack 
Oakley, who rode him in nearly all his races, never attempted to hold 
him, but sat quietly in the saddle, letting him go as he pleased, and the 
further he went the better he liked it. The grandest performance of 
Eclipse was in beating, in a canter, two such capital runners as Bellario 
and Tortoise, both of whom \\'ere more than a distance behind him at the 
end of the first two miles. In April, 1770, at Newmarket, Eclipse was 
matched against Bucephalus (by Eegulus) at even weights ; 6 to 4 on 
Eclipse. This was the only race Eclipse ever ran in which there was the 
slightest appearance of equality in an opponent. The north country 
horse (Bucephalus) " ran like a good and true son of Eegulus ; but he 
never afterwards regained his form, so severe and heart-breaking were the 
efforts he made upon that occasion. It was in contemplation to match 
Groldfinder (a son of Snap, and w^ho had never been beaten) against 
Eclipse, but his admirers, no doubt, felt assured that in the result they 
would be (johUosers, and so the thought was abandoned." Another 
account states that Groldfinder would have run had he not broken down 
while at exercise. Eclipse not only possessed speed, stride, ability to 
carry weight, and strengtli of wind, but the power of endurance never 
surpassed, if equalled, before nor since. " This famous horse was short 
in the forehand and high in the hips. His heart weighed, wdien taken 
out, 141b., to which extraordinary circumstance he was supposed to owe 
his great natural courage." His temper, though very capricious, was 
never vicious ; and it was often remarked as a curious fact, that though 
he constantly ran away with his jockey, he never forgot to stop at the 
winning post. For the sake of getting bets, it was often necessary to 
back Eclipse to distance his opponents. While at the stud he was the 
sire of 335 winners, who, between the years 1774 and 179G, won close 
upon 160,000/. in stakes alone, exclusive of Cups and Plates. Mr. O'Kelly 
affirmed that he gained by the services of Eclipse, as a stallion, upwards 
of 25,000/., while Mr. Fenwick is said to have cleared 17,000/. in the 
same way by Match'em. The descendants of Eclipse in 1894 won over 
421,400/. in stakes, the number of winners being 827, and the races 
won 1469. 











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Paint al by Geo. Stnbbs 



SWEET WILLIAM. 



SWEET WILLIAM, a chestnut son of Syphon,— Miss Eoan by Old 
Cade, — Madam by Bloody Buttocks, — Young Cade's dam by Old Partner, 
was bred by Mr. Cornforth in 1768, and won in stakes, matches, and 
received in forfeits the sum of 7235 guineas. Principal Performances. 
1772. Newmarket: Won a sweep of 1800 guineas. 1773. Beat Ancaster, 
Priestess, and Paoli in matches. 1774. Newmarket: Won the Craven 
Stakes, beating Florizel, Paoli, and twenty-two others. 1775. Newmarket : 
Won the Whip. 1776. Newmarket: Won a sweep of 750 guineas, 
beating Johnny and others. Beat Critic in a match. At Newmarket 
October, Lord (xrosvenor challenged for the Whip with Sweet William, 
and, no competitor appearing, his Lordship obtained it. 

TRENTHAIYI, a bay son of Lord Gower's Sweepstakes, — Miss South, 
was foaled in 1766. Li 1772 Pincher beat Trentham and Pyrrhus over 
the Beacon Course ; but, in 1773, Trentham and Pyrrhus w^ere matched 
for 1000 guineas, dot/t to beat Pincher in a match over the same course, 
which they did. Trentham was considered as good as any horse of his 
day, and won in stakes 8450/., as well as tw^o Jockey Club Plates. 



FaiNOiis Horses. 41 

SOLON, a brown-bay son of Sampson, — Emma by the Goclolphin 
Arabian, — a dan. of Hobgoblin, — a dau. of Whitefoot, — the Leedes 
^lare by Leedes, — Queen Anne's Moonah Barb Mare, was foaled in 17G0, 
and was considered one of the most powerful horses that had ever 
appeared at Newmarket. 

CONDUCTOR, a chestnut son of Match'em, — a brown-bay dau. of 
Snap, — a dau. of the Cull en Arabian, — Lady thigh by Partner, — 
Spinster's dam, was foaled in 1767. Conductor w^as victorious on ten 
occasions, and was the sire of many winners, including Trumpator, 
Imperator, Fantail, &c. At the Newmarket First Spring Meeting of 
1773, Conductor won the King's Plate for six-year-olds, 12st. each, 
one heat, over the Eound Course. " His Majesty's Plate, run for 
at Newmarket on Thursday in the April, or First Spring, Meeting, in 
each year from its first commencement in the reign of King Charles the 
First, for any horse, mare, or gelding, not more than six years old the 
grass before they ran, carrying 12st. each, the best of three heats, 
over the Eound or King's Plate Course, was ordered by His Majesty for 
this (1778) and the succeeding years, to be altered to one heat, and run 
for over the same course." 

GOLDFINDER, a bay son of Old Snap,— a mare by Blank,— Nettle's 
dam by Eegulus, — a dau. of the Lonsdale Bay Arabian, — Bonnylass by 
Bay Bolton, was foaled in 17G7. Goldfinder was a horse of great speed 
and power. He was never beaten, and never paid a forfeit. At the sale 
of Mr. Shafto's stud at Newmarket, in October, 1771, he was sold to Sir 
Charles Sedley, Bart., for 1350 guineas. 

FLORIZEL, a bay son of Herod,— a grey dau. of Cygnet (by the 
Godolphin Arabian), — a dau. of Cartouche, — Ebony by Flying Childers, 
was foaled in 17 OS. Li eighteen years Florizel had 175 winners of a 
total of 75,901/. 

AN CASTER, a bay son of Blank, — Phoebe by Tortoise, — a dau. of 
Looby, — a dau. of Partner — Woodcock — Makeless — Brimmer — Dicky 
Pierson (grandson of Dodsworth) — Mr. Burton's natural Barb mare, 
w^as foaled in 1768. Ancaster won the Gold Cups at Eichmond and 
Wakefield, and the Corporation Plate at Doncaster. 

DONCASTER GOLD CUP. The race for this trophy was first 
instituted in the year 1766, the first winner being Charlotte by Blank. 




rainted by Geo. Stvhhs. 



MAMBRINO. 



lYIAIYI BRING, a grey son of Engineer, — a clan, of Old Cade, — a dau. 
of the grey Little John, — Favourite (by a son of the Bald Gralloway), — 
Daffodil's dam by a foreign horse belonging to Sir Thomas Grascoigne, 
Bart., was foaled in 17G8. Mambrino was a successful performer on the 
turf, winning on eleven occasions, and beating, amongst others. Conductor, 
Marc Antony (twice), Florizel (the only horse that ever beat Sweet 
William), Trentham (twice), Comus, &c. Mambrino was the forefather 
of some of the best American trotters, and also laid the foundation of the 
breed of the finest coach horses ever produced in this or any other 
country. 

PYRRHUS, a brown son of Sprightly, — a dau. of Snip, — a dau. of 
Eegulus, — Dairymaid by Bloody Buttocks, was foaled in 1707. Pyrrhus 
won in stakes and matches the sum of 10,400 guineas, and was the best 
horse of his year. At Newmarket First Spring Meeting, 1774, Pyrrhus 
(six years) beat Mambrino (five years), 8st. each, B.C. (cross and 
jostle), for 2000 guineas. " This was one of the hardest races that had 
been run at Newmarket for many years. Within half a distance of the 



Fa III oils Horses. 43 

ending post the rider of P^itIius jockied the rider of Mambrino, and 
drove him a considerable way out of the course, by which means Pyrrhus 
won the heat by only half a neck." 

DAIYIPER, a bay son of Spectator, — Nancy by Blank, — a dan. of 
Crab, — S2)inster by Old Partner, was foaled in 1709. Damper was 
victorious on twenty-four occasions, and was the best Plate horse of his 
time. 

JOHNNY, a bay son of Match'em, — a dau. of Babram, — a dau. of 
Partner, — a dau. of Bloody Buttocks, — a dau. of Old Greyhound, — 
Brocklesby Betty, was foaled in 17()9. Johnny netted in stakes and 
matches 4177 g-uineas. 

THE lYIERLIN lYIARE (dam of Meteor, &c.), a dau. of Merlin (by 
Bustler), ^ — ]\I other l^ratt by Marksman, — a dau. of the Mixbury 
Gralloway, — a dau. of the Bald Galloway, — Lord D'Arcy's Black-legged 
Royal Mare, was foaled in 17 Go. The Merlin Mare was fourteen hands 
one -eighth of an inch in height. 

JUNIPER, a bay son of Snap, — a dau. of Blank, — Bay Starling by 
the Bolton Grey Starling, — Miss Meynell by Partner, — Sister to Sampson, 
was foaled in 1 707. Juniper was sold to H.E.H. the Duke of Cumberland, 
and afterwards to Sir Harry Harpur, Bart. Principal Performances. 
1771. Newmarket October Meeting: Won the Cup. 1774. Doncaster : 
Won the Cup. 1775. Doncaster: Won the Cup. 

MARC ANTONY, a brown-bay son of Spectator, — Rachel (dam of 
Highflyer and Dorilas) by Blank,— a dau. of Regulus, — a dau. of 
Soreheels (by Basto, — Old Partner's dam), — the famous Black Mare by 
Makeless, — a D'Arcy Royal Mare, was bred by the Duke of Ancaster in 
1707. Principal Performances. 1771. Newmarket Second October: 
Won the Beecham Well Cup, beating Priestess, PjTrhus, Conductor, 
Fabius, and Lycurgus. 1773. Newmarket First Spring, R.C. : Beat 
Trentham, Conductor, Laura, Lothario, and others. Marc Antony won 
twenty races, and was beaten on eight occasions only. His net winnings 
were 50.2.2 guineas. He broke down when six years old, and never ran 
but at Newmarket. He was sire of the dam of Paynator 




SWEETBRIAR. 



SWEETBRIAR, an undefeated chestnut son of Syplion, — a dau. of 
Shakespear, — Miss Meredith by Cade, — out of the Little Hartley Mare, 
was bred by Lord Grosvenor in 1769. 

On comparing the portraits of Marske, Sweetbriar, Sweet William, 
and Sharke, the strongly-marked characteristics and striking family 
resemblance of these renowned descendants of the Darley Arabian 
cannot fail to impress the observer. 

MINISTER, a brown-bay son of Camillus, — Sportley by Blank, — a dau. 
of Looby, — Margery by Partner, — Woodcock Thornton by Woodcock, — 
Chestnut Thornton, was foaled in 1767. In a race at Stafford, in 1771, 
" When Minister and Phlegon had started for the third heat, and run 
together about 200 yards, Phlegon was pulled up ; owing, as supposed, to 
a shout from the crowd. He stopped till Minister was more than a quarter 
of a mile before him, and then pursued for the heat, and saved his 
distance ; this occasioned great confusion, and many disputes arose ; but, 
as the start was adjudged a fair one, and acknowledged to be so by both 
the riders, the Plate was given to Minister." 



Famous Horses. 45 

PANTALOON, a bay son of Match'em, — Curiosity, a brown dau. of 
Snap, — Fribble's dam by Kegiilus, — a dau. of Bartlett's Childers, — a 
daughter of the Honeywood White Arabian, — the dam of the Two True 
Bkies by the ]3yerley Turk, was foaled in 1767. Pantaloon won seventeen 
out of twenty-seven races, and was sire of nineteen winners, including 
" Mr. Wentworth's beautiful little horse and excellent racer, Harry 
Rowe." Curiosity was dam, also, of Thetis (by Chymist), who was 
second to Teetotum for the Oaks of 1780. 

DON DUN, a bay son of Brilliant, — Regulus Tartar by Regulus, — a 
dau. of Tartar, — Midge by a son of Bay Bolton, was foaled in 1709. 
Don Dun was the winner of many races and matches, including the 
King's Plate at Newmarket First Spring in 1776, in which he beat 
Whiteleather, Atalanta, Ainderby, Lamplighter, and Tartar. 

TWO-YEAR-OLD RAGING was first sanctioned by the Jockey Club in 
1770. 

Fl RETAIL, a bay son of Squirrel (by Traveller), — Jett (who never ran) 
by Othello, — Matron's dam by Bartlett's Childers, — -the dam of the 
Warlock Galloway by the Bald Galloway, — a dau. of the Curwen Bay 
Barb, was foaled in 1769, Principal Performances. 1773. Newmarket 
Craven: Won the Craven Stakes for all ages (including two-year-olds), 
from the Ditch In to the Turn of the Lands, beating a field of twenty- 
three. Newmarket First Spring: Won a sweep of 1.250 guineas. Beat 
Pumpkin — same age, Sst. each — in a match for 500 guineas ; R.M. This 
race is said to have been run in Imin. 4-|-sec. 1774. Beat Johnny in a 
match over B.C., giving away 111b. 1775. Newmarket First Spring: 
Beat Johnny for the second time in a match for 1000 guineas, the loser 
being in receipt of 101b. 

ALFRED, a bay brother to Conductor, was foaled in 1770. He was 
only twice beaten, and was the sire of many winners. 

YOUNG lYIARSKE, a brown-bay son of Marske,— a dau. of Blank,— 
Bay Starling by the Bolton Grey Starling, was foaled in 1771. " Young 
Marske only ran upon one occasion, when he dislocated one of his fetlock 
joints a quarter of a mile from home, and yet won while in that 
condition. Eight hundred guineas were refused for him." The 
descendants of Marske and Young Marske were very highly valued for 
their blood, and will be found in the pedigrees of almost every thorough- 
bred of importance. 




J 'Hinted III/ deo. Sliihhs 



PKOTECTOK. 



PROTECTOR, ii brown son of Matcli'em, — Cypron (Herod's dam), was 
bred by Visjcount Bolingbroke in 1770. Principal Performances. 1774. 
Won a Sweepstakes value 1400 guineas, and the Jockey Club Plate. 
1775. Won the Subscription of l.:200 guineas, S^ miles, and beat Comus 
at even weights over the Beacon Course. 

COMUS, a bay son of Otho, — a grey dau. of Old Crab, — Amelia's dam 
by Plying Childers,- — a dau. of Young True Blue, — a dau. of the Cyprus 
Arabian, — Bonny Black by Black Hearty, was bred by the Earl of Ossory 
in 1770. Principal Performances. 1774. Won the renewed 1400 
Guineas, beating Protector. 1775. Beaten by Protector, Mambrino, 
Marc Antony, and others. 177G. Won a Sweepstakes of 1000 guineas 
each, beating Hudibras. Comus was afterwards sold to the Comit d'Artois 
and sent to France. 

PUMPKIN, a chestnut son of Match'em,— the Old Squirt Mare by 
Squirt,— a dau. of Mogul, — Camilla by Bay Bolton, — Old Lady by the 
Pulleine Chestnut Ai-abian, was foaled in 1769. Principal Performances. 
1772. Newmarket, Ditch In : 500 guineas Match, beat Denmark. " This 



Fantous Horses. 47 

was tliong'lit to be one of tlie finest races ever run, Pumpkin winning by a 
neck." Newmarket Houghton : Beat Firetail (Ditch In), 1000 guineas. 
Newmarket November: Beat Conductor (Ditch In), 500 guineas. 1773. 
Newmarket First October : Won the Cup, beating Eanger, llarity, Firetail, 
and Sempronius. 1776. Newmarket First October: Beat Mambrino and 
Trentham over the Beacon Course. The Old Squirt Mare was never 
trained for racing ; but was covered three-and-twenty seasons, and 
produced seventeen foals, including the following good racers — viz.. 
Virgin, Miracle, Dido, Conundrum, Ranthos, JEnigma, Eiddle, Miss 
Timms, Pumpkin, Easselas, and Purity. 

DORIIYIANT, a chestnut son of Otho, — a dau. of Babraham, — Chiddy 
by the Hampton Court Childers, — Bald Charlotte by Old Po^^al, was bred 
by the Earl of Ossory in 177.2. Principal Performances. 1770. Won 
the "Great Sweep" of 100 guineas each, p.p., beating Sarpedon, Glow- 
worm, and seventeen others. Also won the 1400 Guineas Stakes at New- 
market. 1777. Won the 1400 Guineas Stakes again, beating Sharke and 
others. 1778. Newmarket, B.C. : Beaten for the Whip by Sharke. 1779. 
Won the Jockey Club Plate. Dorimant was successful on many other 
occasions also ; and won and received in stakes, matches, 8:q., the sum of 
1.2,050 guineas, besides the Clermont Cup, the October Cup, the Jockey 
Club Plate, and the Oxford Cup. The " Great Sweep," won by Dorimant 
in 1776, was worth 5200 guineas. The " Great Sweep," won by Grey 
Eobin in the following year, was worth no less than 5600 guineas ; that 
won by Highflyer in 1778 amounted to 2600 guineas; the Revolution 
Stakes, won by Guido in 1782, amounted to 2400 guineas ; the Oatlands, 
won by Baronet, at Epsom in 1791, amounted to 2950 guineas; the 
Great Produce Stakes, won by John Bull at the Newmarket Craven 
Meeting, 1792, amounted to 4400 guineas; and the Oatlands Stakes, 
won by Toby at the same meeting, amounted to 3575 guineas. 

PILOT, a grey son of Dainty Davie, — Dizzy by Blank, — Ancaster 
Dizzy by Ancaster Driver, — a dau. of Smiling Tom, — a dau. of Oyster- 
foot, — a dau. of Old Merlin, — a dau. of Commoner, — the Duke of 
Somerset's Coppin Mare, was foaled in 1770 ; Pilot won the Subscription 
at York in 1775 and 1776, and the Annual City Plate at Chester in 1777. 




Painted Ini Geo. Stubbs. 



SHARK E, a brown son of Murske, — a dau. of Old Snaj), — Warwick- 
shire AVag's dam by Marlborough, — a natural Barb mare, was foaled in 
1771. Principal Performances. 1774. Newmarket October : 500 guineas 
Match, D. I., beat Postmaster. 1775. Newmarket Second Spring : Won the 
Clermont Cup. Newmarket May : 500 guineas Match, A. P., beat Cincin- 
natus. Newmarket September: 1000 guineas Match, B.C., beat Lord 
Clermont's Johnny. 1776. Newmarket First Spring: 1000 guineas 
Match, E.M., beat Postmaster. Newmarket Second Spring, B.C. : Won a 
Sweepstakes of 1000 guineas each, beating Laurel and Postmaster. 
Match 1000 guineas, A. P., beat Pake by Sampson. Newmarket May: 
500 guineas Match, B.C., lOst. each, beat Lord Abingdon's Leviathan. 
1777. Newmarket First Spring: 1000 guineas Match, beat Leviathan 
again. Newmarket Second Spring, B.C., lOst. each : Beat Dorimant for 
the Whip. Sharke was successful in nineteen out of twenty-nine races, 
winning over 16,000 guineas. 

MAIDEN (sister to Pumpkin), a chestnut dau. of Match'em, was foaled 
in 1770. Principal Performances. 1774. Newmarket First Spring, D.I. : 
Won a Sweep of 100 guineas each, p.p., beating Iris, Hyacinth, Long- 
shanks, Brother to Bellario, Anabaptist, and Cynthia. Newmarket First 



October, B.C. : Beat Protector. Houghton Meeting, B.C. : Beat Tele- 
maclius. 1775. Newmarket First October, R.C. : Beat Sphynx, Pretender, 
and Wolse3\ Second October, B.C. : Beat Labyrinth, Banbury, Comus, 
and Pumpkin. Also beat Masquerade over the llowley Mile. 1776. 
Newmarket First Spring, E.C. : Won the King's Plate for Mares. York 
August : Won the Subscription Plate, after a very fine race with 
Telemachus. 1777. Newmarket Craven : Won the Craven Stakes from a 
field of twenty-seven, including Plunder and Masquerade. 177S. 
Newmarket : Second for the Craven Stakes to Woodpecker, with twenty- 
eight others behind her, including Laurel and Masquerade. The more 
immediate descendants of Maiden include Precipitate, Hector, Grohanna, 
]\ratron. Sir Solomon, Rupee, and Walnut. 

IVIASQUERADE, a grey dau. of Marske, — a dau. of Young Cade, — Miss 
Thigh by Eib,— Lady Thigh by Mr. Croft's Partner, was bred by the 
Earl of Clermont in 1771. Masquerade was one of the speediest and 
most successful racers of the day, beating Shock, Dorimant, Pretender, 
Hephestion, Laburnum, Bordeaux, Sweet Magnum, &c. 

COXCOIYIB, a chestnut brother to Dorimant by Otho, was bred by the 
Earl of Ossory in 1771. At Newmarket First Spring, in 1775, Coxcomb 
won the Fortescue Stakes, D.I. He won several other races, and was 
only once beaten, when he was second to Postmaster, with fourteen others 
behind. " The following remarkable fox chase took place on Wednesday, 
November 4th, 1789, by his Grace the Duke of Bedford's hounds: 
Eepiard led them through three counties ; and though his Grace's hounds 
were the best aj^pointed in the kingdom, Eeynard proved too cunning for 
them, running to earth in the woodlands (Herts) ; till then he skirted in 
all the woods, nor was there a leap for the first hour. It was a high- 
scented day, nor did ever any hounds behave better. At the conclusion 
of the chase, the few who were in, were from twenty-five to thirty miles 
distance from home. Coxcomb, aged eighteen, was up to the hounds the 
whole time, and was rode by a gentleman who weighed upwards of 12st." 

HEPHESTION, a brown son of Marske,— Gaudy (who never ran, but 
was sent to the stud when three years old) by Blank, — Blossom by Crab, 
was bred by the Duke of Ancaster in 1771. Principal Performances. 
1775. Won the Jockey Club Plate. 1776. Won the Craven Stakes at 
Newmarket (from the Ditch In to the Turn of the Lands), beating a field 
of twenty-five. Betting : 2 to 1 against Maiden, 5 to 2 against Atalanta, 
"6 to 4 that neither Maiden nor Thistle won, 2 to 1 the mares against 
the horses, and high odds against any of the rest." Hephestion was 
victorious on twenty-four occasions. He was 15 hands 1 inch high. 




/•ainlnl lai (honjr SliihU> 



P0T-8-0S, a chestnut son of Eclipse, — Sportsmistress bj Sportsman, — 
Goklenlocks by Oroonoko (brother to Othello), — Yaliant's dam by 
Mr. Panton's Old Crab,— a dau. of Old Partner,— :\rr. Thwaite's famous 
Dun Mare by the Acaster Turk (which mare was also the dam of the 
celebrated Little Driver), was bred by the Earl of Abingdon in 1773. 
Principal Performances. 1778. Newmarket First Spring, E.G.: Won the 
Eenewed 1.2()() Ouineas. During this race Lord Abingdon sold Pot-S-os 
to Lord Grosvenor for L500 guineas, with the chance of the race thrown 
in, and, almost immediately afterwards, Pot-8-os had won. 1779. Won 
several races, and walked over for the Gold Cup and Clermont Cup at 
Newmarket. 1780. Newmarket Second Spring: Beat King Fergus and 
Dorimant, and won the Jockey Club Purse. Walked over for both the 
Gold Cup and Clermont Cup. Second October Meeting : Beat Laburnum, 
Woodpecker, and Tandem. 1781. Newmarket Second Spring: Walked 
over for the Jockey Club Purse and for the Whip. 178.:?. Newmarket: 
Won the Craven Stakes. Second Spring Meeting : Walked over for the 
Clermont Cup. Won the Jockey Club Purse. 1783. Newmarket Second 
Spring : Beat Nottingham for the Whip. Pot-8-os gained imperishable 



Fan/OKS Horses. 51 

fame at tlie stud, liis produce including Mandane, Parasol, Waxy, and the 
dams of Altisidora, Manuella, Muley Moloch, and Partisan. He was 
credited in twenty-one years with 172 winners of a total of 01,971/. 

TUBEROSE, a grey dau. of Herod, — Clrey Starling by the Bolton (xrey 
Starling, — Coughing Polly by Bartlett's Childers, — Sister to Thmiderbolt 
by Counsellor, was foaled in 17 7. 2. At Newmarket First Spring Meeting, 
1777, Tuberose beat Count at even weights over the Beacon Course, in a 
match for 1000 guineas. " Tuberose was rode by Arthur Wheatley, 
and Count by John Pratt. This was allowed to be one of the finest 
races ever run, being closely contested for the whole four miles, and won 
with the greatest difficulty. A very considerable sum of money was bet 
on the above race." Tuberose also won the Grold Cup at Richmond 
(Yorkshire) in 1776 and 1777, and the Doncaster Grold Cup in 177(5. 

ALLABACULIA, a brown-bay dau. of Sampson, was bred in 1773 ; and 
won, in 17 76, the first Grreat St. Leger, run for at Doncaster, the race 
being "a sweepstakes of .25 guineas each, for three-year-olds, 2 miles." 

IViAGNUIYI BONUIVl, a brown-bay son of Match'em,— a dau. of Swift,— 
a dau. of Regulus,— Dairymaid by Bloody Buttocks, was foaled in 1773. 
Magnum Bonum won the Doncaster Grold Cup of 1779, and " was ridden 
in most of his races by John Cade, who was allowed, at that time, to be a 
capital rider." 

ICELANDER ("near sixteen hands high, of great bone, size, strength, 
and beauty "), a grey son of Morwick Ball (by Regulus), — the White Mare 
by Mr. Bailey's son of Pegulus, — a dau. of Dismal (by the Godolphin 
Arabian), — Queen Anne's Moonah Barb Mare, was foaled in 1773, and 
was successful on no less than eighteen occasions. 

IVIAGOG, a grey son of Match'ein, — the Rib Mare, was foaled in 1773. 
" Magog was 16 hands high, remarkably full of bone, great sinew, well 
shaped, good substance, proportional growth, and was free from blemish." 
After winning several races, in which he beat Pot-8-os and others, he was 
entered for the Doncaster Grold Cu]3 of 1778, "when he was backed to 
win at high odds ; but the night before running, some villains broke two 
locks and got into the stable to Magog, and by cutting his tongue nearly 
off, and giving him something inwardly, rendered him at that time 
incapable of starting. In consequence thereof a fresh entry took place, 
and the bets declared void." Magog won several races afterwards. 

DICTATOR (brother to Conductor), a chestnut son of Match'em, was 
foaled in 1773. Principal Performances. 1777. Newmarket First 
October: Won the Renewed 1400 Guineas, B.C. 1779. Newmarket 
Second October: Beat Pot-S-os and Dorimant. 

1,^ •> 




Painted by S. Gilj>i)i, li.A. 



JUPITER, a chestnut son of Eclipse, — " the famous old Tartar Mare " 
(which threw so many splendid chestnuts to Eclipse), was foaled in 
1774 ; and was the property of H.E.H. the Duke of Cumberland. 
Jupiter won the Fortescue Stakes at the Newmarket First Spring Meeting 
of 1778, and three other races ; and also made a fair name for himself at 
the stud. He was described as "15 hands 2 inches high, master of 
16st., and of great length, with bone in proportion." 

WOODPECKER, a chestnut son of King Herod,— Miss Ramsden 
(never trained for racing) by Old Cade, — a dau. of Lord Lonsdale's Bay 
Arabian,^ — Bonnylass by Bay Bolton, was foaled in 1773. Principal 
Performances. 1778. Won the Craven Stakes at Newmarket, a weight- 
for-age race, from the Ditch In to the Turn of the Lands (twenty-nine 
runners). This event almost invariably produced about the largest field 
of the year. 1779. Won the Craven Stakes again (sixteen runners). 
1780. Newmarket First Spring : Beat Bordeaux, Pot-8-os, Laburnum, and 
Dorimant. 1781. Won the Craven Stakes for the third time (sixteen 
runners, including King Fergus and Masquerade). Newmarket Second 
October, B.C. : Beat Pot-8-os. Woodpecker made a great name for 



FamouH IFort^rs. 58 

himself at the stiuT, having in twenty-two years as many as 179 winners 
of a total of 7(),1()'3/, his produce including Buzzard, Chanticleer, 
Martha, Catherine, &c. 

GREY ROBIN, a grey son of (limcrack, — Snapdragon by Snap, — 
Fribble's dam by Eegulus, — Sister to tlie Two True Blues by Honeywood's 
White Arabian, was bred by Lord Grrosvenor in 1773. Principal 
Performances. 1770. Newmarket Second Spring. Won the Chequino 
Stakes ; lv.]\I.. Newmarket First Octo1)er, Ditch In : Beat Mercury, Lord 
Grosvenor staking lOOO guineas against 500 guineas. 1777. Newmarket 
Second Spring, B.C.: Won the "Great Sweepstakes'' of 100 guineas 
each p.p. (56 subs.), beating Prince, Pot-8-os, and others. Grey Pobin 
" was ridden by George Herring, whose orders were to go off at score and 
make severe play, which he accordingly did, and by that means gained a 
very considerable distance of ground from all the others, so that when 
they began to make sharp running, which was in coming down the Chalk 
Jade, he eased his horse, and by that means was enabled to contest the 
race with Prince, Pot-S-os, &c., and won without being headed, though with 
some difficulty at the end, to the astonishment of all the sporting nobility 
and gentlemen who attended Newmarket. This stake, which, including 
the winner's, amounted to 5000 guineas, was the largest which had been 
run for in England up to that time." 

HIGHFLYER, a bay son of King Herod, — Pachel (dam also of Marc 
Antony and Lorilas) by Blank, was bred by Sir Charles Bunbury in 
1774, and sold to Lord Bolingbroke. Highllyer derived his name from 
the fact of having been foaled in a paddock in which were several 
highflyer walnut trees, and he was so christened at a dinner party at Sir 
Charles Bunbury's, at which Lord Bolingbroke and the Eight. Hon. 
Charles James Fox were present. Highflyer was purchased from Lord 
Bolingbroke by Mr. Eichard Tattersall, and this transaction laid the 
foundation of the latter's fortune and great success in life. Mr, 
Tattersall bought a place near Ely, and named his residence Highflyer 
Hall. Highflyer w^as never beaten, and never jDaid a forfeit ; defeating, 
amongst others, Jupiter, Dorimant, and Dictator. He was the sire of 
Omphale (St. Leger winner, 1784), Noble (Derby winner, 1780), Sir Peter 
Teazle (Derby winner, 1787), Young Flora (St. Leger winner, 1788), 
Skyscraper (Derby winner, 1789), Delpini, &c., &c. ; and from 1783 to 
1801 inclusive his stock won no less than 170,407/., in addition to Jockey 
Club Plates, cups, and silver bowls. He died at Highflyer Hall in 1793. 




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KING FERGUS 



KING FERGUS, a chestnut son of Eclipse,— Creeping Polly by Black 
and All Black, — Fanny l)y Tartar, — a dau. of the Bolton Grey Starling, — 
a dau. of Eoundhead (son of Childers), — a dau. of the Duke of Eutland's 
Grey Grantham, was foaled in 1775. King Fergus, described as "10 
hands high, remarkably full of bone, well shaped, and free from blemishes," 
was the sire of many noted winners, including both Hambletonian and 
Beningborough, who each, at different times, carried the dark green 
jacket of Mr. John Hutchinson (by whom they were bred), and the 
orange banner of Sir Charles Turner. King Fergus was also the 
grandsire of the celebrated Orville. The direct Eclipse lines of Alexander, 
Mercury, and Joe Andrews were small in comparison with those of 
Pot-8-os and King Fergus, the latter of which was full of Herod blood, 
as Hambletonian was out of a Highflyer, and Beningborough out of a 
Herod, mare. Alexander was an immense chestnut, and his stock 
remarkably good, with a fine expression of head. His colts were mostly 
chestnuts, and the fillies brown. His daughter, Boadicea, was the grand- 
dam of Touchstone. King Fergus died in 1800, 

BOURBON, a bay son of Le Sang, — Queen Elizabeth by Regulus, 
was foaled in 1774, and won the St. Leger of 1777. 



Famom Horses. 55 

JUSTICE, a brown son of King Herod, — Curiosity by Snap, was 
bred by Lord Grosvenor in 1774. Justice won two races at Newmarket, 
and broke down when running a third. He was own l^rother to Faith, 
winner of the Oaks of 1781. 

HOLLANDAISE, a grey dan. of Match'em,— Virago by the Panton 
Arabian, — Crazy by Lath (son of the Godolphin Arabian), was bred 
by Sir Thomas Gascoigne in 1775, and won the St. Leger of 1778. 

LEXICON, a bay son of Marske, — Sportsmistress (dam of Pot-S-os), 
was foaled in 1775. Li a race at Ascot, Hip, when holding a com- 
manding lead, " threw her rider when the odds were very high upon her 
winning, the betting was instantly from 10 to 20 to 1 on Wildair, 
which was taken to a large amount, but it happened (as if it had Ijeen 
predetermined, and that the knowing ones should be taken in) that 
Wildair took fright at the accident, leaped ov^r the rails, so that Lexicon 
won when his rider was about pulling him up. It was said that H.P.H. 
the Duke of Cumberland was the principal winner," 

BRIDGET, a bay dau. of Herod, — Jemima by Snap, — Match'em 
Middleton by Match'em, — Miss Middleton by Regulus, was bred by 
Lord Derby in 1776, and in 1779 won the first Oaks run for at Epsom. 

TOIYIIVIY, a chestnut son of Wildair (by Cade), — a dau. of Syphon, — 
Charlotte by Blank, was foaled in 1776, and won the St. Leger of 1779. 

WEASEL, a bay son of King Herod, — a dau. of Eclipse, — a dau. of 
Brilliant, — the dam of Tortoise by Crab (son of Old Crab), — a dau. of 
the Godolphin Arabian, was foaled in 1776. " Weasel stood 14 hands 
.2 inches high, was a horse of great beauty, and a capital racer for his 
Size. 

DIOIYIED, a chestnut son of Florizel, — a dau. of Spectator, — Horatiaby 
Blank, — a dau. of Flying Childers, — Miss Belvoire by Grey Grantham, 
was bred by the Hon. Richard Vernon in 1777, and sold to Sir Charles 
Bunbury. Diomed was the winner, in 1780, of the first Derby run at 
Epsom — a sweep of 50 guineas each, half forfeit. In 1798 he was sold 
for 50 guineas for exportation to America, and, shortly after landing, was 
re-sold for 1000 guineas, and is said to have lived to the age of forty. 
Diomed may be said to have been the father of the American Turf, for 
there is scarcely a famous trotter or racer to be found anywhere from 
Florida to Maine that does not trace its descent back to Sir Charles 
Bunbury's famous colt. 




/'(li/iiii/ oif a 



ANVIL, ii brown son of Herod, — a clan, of Feather (son of the 
Godolphin Arabian), — Crazy by Lath, — -Sister to Snip by Flying 
Childers, — Sister to Soreheels by Basto, was foaled in 1777, and sold 
to H.R.H. the Prince of Wales. Anvil won many races, beating 
Tee-to-tum (winner of the Oaks of 1780), Pot-8-os, Diomed (winner of 
the Derby of 1780), Mercury, &c., &c. Anvil and The Drone met on 
five occasions, Drone winning the odd event. 

DRONE (brother in blood to Highflyer), a bay son of Herod, — Lily 
by Blank, — Peggy by Old Cade, — Lady Thigh by Old Partner, was 
foaled in 1777. Drone stood 15 hands .2 inches, and was a capital 
performer, contesting several exciting races with Anvil. 

TEE-TO-TUIYI, a bay dan. of Match'em, — Lady Bolingbroke by 
Squirrel, — Cypron (the dam of Herod), was foaled in 1777, and won the 
Oaks of 1780. 

RULER, a bay son of Young Marske, — Flora by Lofty (son of the 
Godolphin Arabian, — Spinster), — Riot by Regulus, — a dau. of Blaze, — 
a dau. of Fox, — a dau. of the Darley Arabian, — Sister to Puffier by a son 



Famous Horses. 57 

of Brimmer,^ — Dick Burton's mare, was foaled in 1777, and won the 
St. Leger of 17S0. 

AT THE YORK AUGUST MEETING of 1776 " a very heavy and severe 
rain fell, which occasioned the whole of the course to be remarkably soft, 
and for about fifty yards in the Bason, coming down to the turn, they 
ran nearly, and sometimes above, the horses' knees in water, and for 
about two distances, in going from and returning to the Knavesmire 
Wood, the course was particularly soft and heavy. Mr. Jewison, after 
riding three heats, observed that ' He had had so much dirt thrown in 
his face that day, it was then high time he should begin to return the 
compliment ' — alluding to his having run two flattered heats for the 

Plate Mr. Jewison's skill and judgment in riding Goldfinch 

that day, if ever equalled, can never be surpassed." 

YOUNG ECLIPSE, a bay son of Eclipse, — Juno by Spectator, — Horatia 
by Blank, was foaled in 177^, and won the Derby of 1781. 

FAITH, a bay dau. of Herod,— Curiosity by Snap, was bred by 
Lord Grosvenor in 1778, and won the Oaks of 1781. Faith was own 
sister to Justice, and was the dam of Bobtail. 

SERIN A, a bay dau. of Goldfinder, — a dau. of Squirrel, was foaled in 
177'^, and won the St. Leger of 1781. 

MERCURY, a chestnut son of Eclipse,— the Old Tartar Mare (dam of 
Maria, Jupiter, Venus, &c.), was foaled in 1778, and was the sire of over 
forty winners, including Gohanna. 

ASSASSIN, a bay son of Sweetbriar, — Angelica by Snap, was bred by 
Lord Egremont in 1779, and won the Derby of 1782. 

CERES, a bay dau. of Sweet William, — a dau. of Squirrel, — Gold- 
finder's dam by Blank, w^as bred by Lord Grosvenor in 1779, and won 
the Oaks of 178.0. 

SALTRAIYI, a dark brown son of Eclipse, — Virago by Old Snap, — a 
dau. of Eegulus, — Sister to Black and All Black by Old Crab, was foaled 
in 1780. Saltram won the Derby of 1783, and will always be 
remembered as having been the sire of that famous horse Whiskey, who 
bequeathed to the turf some of our very best racers and brood mares ; 
of the latter, Eleanor and Julia worthily represent both racing and 
breeding pre-eminence, 

MAID OF THE OAKS, a chestnut dau. of Herod,— Earity by 
Match'em, — Snapdragon by Snaj), was bred by Lord Grosvenor in 
1780, and won the Oaks of 1783. 




/■iniilcd Oil lieu. .SI „Oljf 



DUNGANNON (WITH HIS FAVOURITE LAMB) 



DUNGANNON, a bay son of Eclipse, — Aspasia by Herod, — Doris by 
Blank, — Helen by Spectator, — Daphne by the Godolphin Arabian, — a 
dan. of (31d Fox, — a dau. of Flying Childers, — a dau. of Makeless, — 
Sister to the Honeycomb Punch by the Taffolet Barb, was foaled in 1780. 
Principal Performances. 1783. Epsom: Second to Saltram for "The 
Derby," with Gonzales, and Phenomenon (who afterwards won the 
Doncaster St. Leger) also in the field. 1784. Newmarket Second Spring: 
Won the 140 guineas Subscription, beating Mercury and Dictator. 
Doncaster: Ean second for the Gold Cup to Phenomenon. 1785. New- 
market First Spring : Won the Craven Stakes, beating Saltram. New- 
market Second Spring: Won the 140 guineas. Newmarket First 
October, B.C. : Beat Drone. 1780. Newmarket First Spring, B.C. : Beat 
Pockingham (who was in receipt of 01b.) in a 500 guinea Match. New- 
market Second Spring : Beat Oberon. Newmarket First October : Won 
the King's Plate, B.C. Newmarket Second October, B.C. : Won the AVliip 
and 400 guineas, beatino- Drone and Anvil ; Dung-annon's last race. 
Dungannon was sire of over thirty-five winners, and grandsire of " many 



Fa II) 1'x Ho ) 'se-s . 5 9 

capital racers, and from his blood have descended a great many of the best 
and favourite horses of their years." 

FAITH, a beautiful grey dau. of Pacolet, — Atalanta by Match'em, — 
Lass of the Mill by Oroonoko, was foaled in 1779. Principal Perform- 
ances. 17S3. York: Won the Great Subscription Purse, 4 miles, beating 
Petrarch, Fortitude, Hermes, &c. Doncaster : Won the Gold Cup, 
4 miles, beating Fortitude. 1784. York: Won the Stand Purse. York 
August : Won a Great Subscription Purse, 4 miles. Lincoln : Won the 
King's Purse. Carlisle : Won the King's Purse. Faith was the dam of 
Brilliant, Pecovery, Caroline, I)i(m, Marcia, Yesta, Camillus, &c. 

liYIPERATRIX, a chestnut dau. of Alfred,— the Old England Mare by 
Old England (brother to Blank),— a dau. of Old Cade,— Miss Makeless, 
was foaled in 1779. Principal Performances. 17S.'2. Doncaster: Won 
the St. Leger. Imperatrix only started on one other occasion. 

ALEXANDER, a brown son of Mungo (by the Damascus Arabian), — 
Nancy by Blank, — a dau. of Slipby, — Miss Meynell by Partner, was 
foaled in 1780. Principal Performances. 1785. Doncaster: Won the 
Gold Cup and four other races. 1786: AYon the King's Purses at 
Nottingham and York. 

PHENOMENON, a chestnut son of Herod, — Frenzy (who was never 
trained for racing) by Eclipse, — a dau. of Engineer, — a dau. of Blank, — 
Lass of the Mill by Traveller, was bred by Sir J. L. Kaye, Bart., in 1780. 
Principal Performances. 1788. Epsom : Unplaced for the Derby won by 
Saltram. Doncaster : Won the St. Leger, beating Pacolet, Myrtle, and 
Parlington. Eichmond : Won the Gold Cup, an event at that time of 
some very considerable importance. Doncaster : Won the Gold Cup, 
beating Dungannon ; also won the Doncaster Stakes. 1785. York: Beat 
Prince William. Phenomenon was very successful as a sire. 

HARDWICKE, a bay son of Antient Pistol (by Snap), — a dau. of King 
Herod, — Sister to Nettle by Bajazet, — Goldfinder's grand-dam by 
Regulus, — a dau. of Lord Lonsdale's Bay Arabian, — Bonnylass, was 
foaled in U'^l. Hardwicke was only twice beaten. 

SERJEANT, a bay son of Eclipse, — Aspasia by Herod, — Doris by 
Blank, — Helen by Spectator, was foaled in 1781, and won the Derby of 
1784. 

AIMWELL, a bay son of Marc Antony, — Sister to Postmaster by 
Herod, — was bred by Lord Clermont in 178.2, and won the Derby of 1785. 

COWSLIP (sister to Maid of all Work), a bay dau. of Highflyer (by 
Herod), — Sister to Tandem by Syphon, was foaled in 178.2, and won the 
St. Leger of 1785. 




l;ii,ltr,i hi, fieo. SlKhhf 



VOLUNTEER. 



VOLUNTEER, acliestimt son of Eclipse, — the famous Old Tartar Mare 
(dam also of Jupiter, Mercury, Queen Mab, &c.), was foaled in 17S0. 
Principal Performances. 1783. Newmarket First Spring: Won the 
Cumberland Stakes, beating Saltram (who afterwards won the Derby) and 
Gonzales (brother to Highflyer). Ascot: Beat Gonzales, &c. 1785. 
Newmarket First Spring : Beat Champion over the Round Course. 1786. 
Newmarket : Not placed for the Craven Stakes. Volunteer now joined 
Mr. O'Kelly's stud at Epsom, where also stood Eclipse and Dungannon. 

OIYIPHALE, a bay dau. of Highflyer, — Calliope by Slouch (son of Cade), 
— Lass of the Mill by Oroonoko, was foaled in 1781, and won the St. 
Leger of 1784. 

DELPINI, a grey son of Highflyer, — the grey Countess (who only ran 
once in public) by Blank, — the grey Rib by the grey Crab, — a dau. of 
Wynn's Arabian — Governor — Alcock Arabian, — a dau. of Grasshopper, 
was bred by the Duke of Bolton in 1781. Delpini was successful upon 
eight consecutive occasions ; but meeting afterwards with two defeats, and 



Fdiiioiix IForKe-s. 61 

falling lame, he was taken out of training. His suceess at the stud was 
remarkable, he being credited with upwards of eighty winners, and his 
name constantly appears in the pedigrees of first class animals. " His 
stock were mostly rather leggy grej^s, the majority of whom could go foui* 
miles ; and included Yesta, who, with her dam Faith and her half sister 
Marcia, formed the most beautiful trio of greys that ever adorned a stud. 
There were three Delpini greys amongst the eight St. Leger starters in 
Beningborough's year ; and his grey son Symmetry soon afterwards 
proved his claim to be the sweetest-looking colt that ever won that race. 
Delpini himself was very closely allied to the Arab in his look, being light 
bodied, and with a prominent eye and head, which told of IJesert descent ; 
and even when he was wasted almost to a skeleton he miraculously 
retained his beauty. During his last three years he never shed his coat, 
and became like the woolly child of Caravan lore." (From " The Druid.") 
Principal Performances. 1784. Newmarket First Spring: Won the 
Bolton Stakes. 1785. Newmarket First Spring: Won a SweejDstakes of 
100 guineas each. 1786. Newmarket First Spring : Won a Sweepstakes 
of 200 guineas each. York August : Won a Grreat Subscription ; and, on 
the following day, another Great Subscription, beating Faith. 

STELLA, a bay dau. of Plunder (son of Herod), — Miss Euston l)y 
Snap, was foaled in 1781, and won the Oaks of 1784. 

TRIFLE, a brown dau. of Justice, — Cypher by Squirrel, — Fribble's dam 
by Regulus, was foaled in 178.2, and won the Oaks of 1785. Trifle was 
dam of Fortitude by John Bull. 

NOBLE, a bay son of Highflyer, — Brim by Squirrel, — Helen by Blank, 
was foaled in 1788 ; and was described as "full 15 hands 1 inch high, of 
great strength and bone, and very temperate." He won the Derby of 
1786, beating Meteor, Claret, Braganza, and eleven others. 

PARAGON, a bay son of Paymaster (by Blank), — Calash by Herod, — 
Teresa by Match'em, — Brown Regulus by Eegulus, — Miss Starling, jun., 
by the Bolton Grey Starling, — Ringbone by Old Partner, — Lusty Thorn- 
ton by Mr. Croft's Bay Barb, — Chestnut Thornton by Makeless, — Old 
Thornton by Brimmer — Dicky Pierson — Boston Barb Mare, was bred by 
Lord A. Hamilton, in 1783 and won the St. Leger of 1786. 

THE YELLOW FILLY, a dau. of Tandem (by Syphon),— Perdita by 
Herod, — Fair Forester by Sloe, was bred by Sir F. Standish in 1783, 
and won the Oaks of 1786. 




raiidtd by R. Gilpin, R.A. 



SIR PETER TEAZLE. 



SIR PETER TEAZLE (commonly styled Sir Peter), a brown son of 
Higbtiyer, — Papillon by Old Snap, — Miss Cleveland by Eegulus, — Midge 
by a Son of Bay Bolton, — a dan. of Bartlett's Cbilders, — a dan. of 
Honey wood's White Arabian, — the dam of the Two True Blues, was 
bred by the Earl of Derby in 1784. "The Druid" observes: "The 
speedy and lasting properties in Herod descended, in a remarkable degree, 
through AVoodpecker to Buzzard, and through Highflyer to Sir Peter. 
The cross with Old Snap's daughter, Papillon, brought 
Highflyer very early into notice with his renowned son. Sir Peter, whom 
no amount of money could have purchased. Sir Peter stood at Knowsley, 
while Pot- S -OS was at Eaton ; and his stock, like himself, were mostly 
rich l^rowns. They had great constitutions, but required such strong 

work for the post that comparatively few were brought there 

Sir Peter was the sire of more winners than any horse that had so far 
appeared on the turf. Sir Solomon was about the stoutest of his sons, 
and, with Jack Shepparcl on his back, he won against Cockfighter the 
finest four mile race ever run at Doncaster. Four eminent sires (sons of 
Sir Peter) kept up his charter, and these were Sir Paul, Walton, 
Haphazard, and Stamford, the two latter being crossed with Eclipse 



Famous Ilurscs. 63 

mare.';. The eoiupaet little Stamford, however, who showed more quality 
than most of the breed, only preserved the family honours in ' tail female,' 
and the dams of Mameluke, Beiram, Actaeon, and Emilius, were all by 
him. The Haphazards were soon forgotten, despite the line cross with 
Mrs. Barnett by Waxy, from which union sprang the famous Filho da 
Puta." Of Sir Peter's stock, Sir Harry won the Derby in 1798, Arch- 
duke in 1799, Ditto in 1803, Paris in LSOO, Hermione the Oaks in 1794, 
Parasote the Oaks in 179(5; and as to the St. Leger, Fyldener won in 
1806, Paulina in 1807, and Petronius in 1808, a triple succession of 
victories that have never before nor since fallen to the lot of one sire. 
Sir Peter Teazle and Waxy were both of them winners of the Derby, and 
each of them was the sire of four winners of that great race ; in the 
Oaks, however, Waxy was one ahead. The parallel may be carried 
further still, as both Sir Peter and Waxy finished their racing career by 
breaking down. Principal Performances of Sii' Peter Teazle. 1787. 
Epsom : Won the Derby. Newmarket : Won the 1400 Gruineas and the 
Prince of Wales' Plate. 1788. Newmarket : Won the Jockey Stakes, also 
the Claret Stakes of ].:200 o-uineas. 

ANNETTE, a bay dau. of Eclipse, — Virago by Snap, was foaled in 
1784, and w^on the Oaks of 1787. 

SPADILLE, a bay son of Highflyer, — Flora by Squirrel (son of 
Traveller), — Angelica by Snap, w^as foaled in 1784 ; and won the Doncaster 
St. Leger of 1789. 

ESCAPE, a bay son of Highflyer, — a dau. of Squirrel (by Traveller), — 
a dau. of Babraham, — a dau. of Golden Ball, — Bush Molly by the 
Hampton Court Childers, — Bushey Molley by the Chestnut Litton 
Arabian, — the Farmer Mare by Chillaby, — a dau. of the Byerley Turk, — 
a dau. of Spanker, was bred by H.R.H. the Prince of Wales in 1785. 
Principal Performances. 1791. Newmarket: Beat (Irey Diomed in a 
match for 1000 guineas, won the 140 (xuineas Subscription, again beating 
Grey Diomed, and also won 60 guineas. This latter race occasioned the 
Prince of Wales' final retirement from Newmarket, where, in his blue coat 
and tight-fitting buckskins, and mounted on his brown crop-eared cob, or 
in his phaeton with the four greys, he had been such a familiar figure. 
In a race on the previous day, Escape, with .2 to 1 on him, ran last of 
four. Old Sam Chifney rode Escape in each race, and an intimation was 
sent to the Prince by the Jockey Club, that if he allowed Chifney to ride for 
him again, no gentleman would start a horse against him. The Prince, 
however, nobly refused to sacrifice his jockey to so unjust an imputation. 




GREY DIOMED. 



GREY DIOIVIED, a grey son of Diomed, — Grey Dorimant, — Dizzy by 
Blank, — Dizzy by Ancaster Driver, — a dan. of Smiling Tom, — a dan. of 
Chillaby, — a dan. of Makeless, was bred by Sir Charles Bnnbnry in 1785. 



Newmarket First October, D.I. : Won 

1789. Newmarket First Spring, B.C.: 

Newmarket Second Spring, B.C. : Won 

Newmarket Second Spring, B.C. : Won 



Principal Performances. 1788. 
the 1400 Gruineas Subscription. 
Won the Claret Stakes. 1791. 
the Jockey Club Plate. 179.2. 
the 140 guineas. 

TRUIYIPATOR, a black son of Conductor, — Brunette by Squirrel, — 
Dove by Matchless, — a dau. of the Ancaster Starling, — Look-at-me-Lads 
by Grasshopper, was bred by the Earl of Clermont in 178.2. Principal 
Performances. 1785. Newmarket First Sprmg, A.F. : Won the second 
class of the Prince's Stakes. Newmarket First October, A.F. : Won the 
Clermont Stakes. 17SG. Newmarket First Spring, B.C. -. Won the Claret 
Stakes. Newmarket Second Spring, B.C. : Beat Alexander in a match. 
Trumpator's claim to memory is due to his great success at the stud. 
He was sire of over seventy winners, including Aimator, Paynator, 
Penelope, Eally, Salvator, Sorcerer, and Trumpeter. 

ALEXANDER, a chestnut son of Eclipse, — Grecian Princess by Forester 
(son of Forester by Capt. Hartley's Blind Stallion), — a dau of the 
Coalition Colt, — a dau. of Bustard, — Charming MoUy by Second, was 



Famous Horses. 65 

foaled in \1&1. Alexander was the sire of a great many winners, and 
was also sire of the dam of the three celebrated brothers, Castrel, Selim, 
and Rubens. 

lYIETEOR, a chestnut son of Eclipse, — a dau. of Merlin (by Second), 
was bred by Lord Grosvenor in 1788. Principal Performances. 1786. 
Epsom : Second for the Derby to Noble. Ascot : Beat Noble (41b. 
extra). Newmarket, A.F. : Beat Sir F. Standish's "Yellow EiUy " in a 
match for 500 guineas. 1787. Newmarket: Won a Sweepstakes — last 
three miles of B.C. Beat Fidget in several matches. 1788. Newmarket : 
Second Spring Meeting, .2 1st April: Won the Prince of Wales' Stakes 
D.C. When this meeting fell in April the horses were considered, with 
respect to their ages, as if it had fallen in May, the ages at this time 
dating from May 1st, instead of January 1st as at present. The condi- 
tions for the July Stakes this year ran : " Colts, 8st. :21b. ; fillies, 8st. ; 
T.Y.C. : those hi/ Hi(/Jifi/er oJb. e<vtra, and those out of mares whose 
produce had not started at the time of naming, allowed 31b." Oxford : 
Won the Grold Cup, four miles. 1789. Newmarket: Won the Jockey 
Club Plate ; won a Subscription Plate at Brighthelmston (Brighton). 
Lewes : Won the King's Plate (four-mile heats), a Subscription Pace (four 
miles), and the Ladies' Plate (four miles), the last two races immediaiely 
folloiDin^ one another, this sterling good horse, carrying 9st. in the one 
case, and 8st. 91b. in the other. 1790. Newmarket, A.F. : Beat the Prince 
of Wales' Scota in a match ; Meteor fell lame whilst running a match 
over the Beacon Course against the Prince of Wales' Traveller, and 
was withdrawn from the turf. 

SIR THOMAS, a chestnut son of Pontac, — Sportsmistress by Sports- 
man, was foaled in 1785, and won the Derby of 1788. 

NIGHTSHADE, a chestnut dau. of Pot-8-os,— Cytherea by Herod,— 
Lily by Blank, was bred by Lord Egremont in 1785, and won the Oaks 
of 1788. 

YOUNG FLORA, a bay dau. of Highflyer,— Flora by Squirrel, was 
bred by Lord A. Hamilton in 1785, and won the St. Leger of 1788. 

TAG, a bay dau. of Trentham (by Sweepstakes), — Venus (sister to 
Mercury) by Eclipse, — the Old Tartar Mare, was bred by Lord 
Egremont in 1786, and won the Oaks of 1789. 

PEWET, a bay dau. of Tandem, — Termagant by Tantrum, — Cantatrice 
by Sampson, was bred by Lord Fitzwilliam in 1786, and won the St, 
Leger of 1789. 




GREY TRENTHAM. 



GREY TRENTHAM, a grey son of Trentham,— a daii. of Herod,— the 
grey Young Hag by Skim, — the grey Old Hag by Old Crab,— Young 
Ebony by Flymg Childers, was bred by the Earl of Egremont in 1788. 
Principal Performances. 1791. Newmarket Eirst Spring: Second for 
the Prince's Stakes, won by St. David. Brighton : Second in the 
Prince's Stakes to Sylph. 1792. Lewes : Won a Sweepstakes. Won races 
also — four-mile heats in each case — at Egham and Abingdon. 1793. 
Won races — three and four mile heats — at Epsom, Ouildford, and 
Brighton. Won the King's Plates at Burford and Lichfield. 1794. 
Won the King's Plate at Ouildford. 

MENTOR, a brown son of Justice (by Herod), — the dam of Sweetbriar 
(by Shakespear), was bred by Lord Grrosvenor in 1784. Principal Per- 
formances. 1787. Newmarket : Won the Main of the Prince's Stakes. 
1789. Burford : Won the King's Plate. Mentor won several other minor 
races, most of his victories being gained at Lewes. 

MAID OF ALL WORK, a bay dau. of Highflyer,— Sister to Tandem by 
Syphon, — a dau. of Eegulus, — a clau. of Snip, — a dau. of Cottingham, — 
the Warlock Gralloway by Snake, was foaled in 1786. Principal 



Fa)i/ot(.s Horses. 07 

Performances. 17SS. Newmarket July: Won the Third Chiss of the 
Filly Stakes and the Main of the Filly Stakes. 1791. Newmarket : Won 
the Tving-'s Plate. 

SKYSCRAPER, a bay son of Highflyer,— Everlasting- by Eclipse,— 
Hyaena by Snap, — Miss Belsea by Regulns, was bred by the Duke of 
Bedford in 17SG, and won the Derby of 1789. 

VIOLET, a chestnut dan. of Sharke, — a chestnut dan. of Syphon, — 
Charlotte by Plank, — a dau. of Old Crab, — a dau. of Dyer's Dimple, — 
a dau. of Bethell's Castaway, — a dau. of Whynot, — a Eoyal Mare, was 
foaled in 1787. Yiolet was the dam of the grey Symmetry (winner 
of the St. Leger of 1798) by Delpini ; of the bay Theophania (winner of 
the Oaks of 1803) by Delpini; of the chestnut Thomasina (a mare of 
rare excellence, who won nearly every race she started for) by Timothy 
(a son of Delpini) ; of the chestnut Lennox by Delpini ; of the 
chestnut Groldenlocks (dam of Soothsayer) by Sorcerer ; and of the 
chestnut Tooee by Buzzard, all very successful runners, and all bred and 
owned by Sir Thomas (xascoigne. 

RHADAIVIANTHUS, a brown son of Justice, — Flyer by Sweetbriar, was 
bred by Lord Urosvenor in 1787, and won the Derby of 1790. 

EAGER, a brown son of Florizel, — Fidget's dam by Match'em, — 
Sister to Sweetbriar by Syphon, w^as foaled in 1788, and won the Derby 
of 1791, beating Vermin, Proteus, St. David, &c. 

PORTIA, a chestnut dau. of Volunteer, — Sister to Stmg by Herod, — 
Florizel's dam by Cygnet, was foaled in 1788. Principal Performances. 
1791. Newmarket: Won the Main of the Filly Stakes. Epsom: Won 
the Oaks, beating Astrsea, t\:c. Newmarket October, A.F. : Beaten by 
Astra^i in a match at even weights. 

HYPPOLITA, a chestnut dau. of Mercury,— Hip by Herod,— Sister to 
Mirza by the Oodolphin Arabian, was bred by the Duke of Bedford in 
1787, and won the Oaks of 1790. 

AIVIBI DEXTER, a bay son of Phenomenon,— Manilla by Ooldfinder,— 
the Old England Mare, was foaled in 1787, and won the St. Leger 
of 1790. 

YOUNG TRAVELLER (afterwards called Lauderdale), a bay son of 
King Fergus, — a dau. of Young Trunnion (by Cade), — a dau. of Blank, 
was foaled in 1788, and won the St. Leger of 1791. 




Painted bv J. 3'. Sartoiius. 



WHISKEY, a hiiy son of Saltram,— Calasli by Herod, was bred by 
H.E.H. the Prince of Wales in 1789. Principal Performances. 179.2. 
Newmarket Craven : Unplaced for the Great Produce Stakes (value 
4.200 guineas) won by John Bull. Epsom : Unplaced for the Derby 
won by John Bull, with Speculator second, and Bustard third, in a small 
field of seven runners. Newmarket July : AVon a two -mile Sweep, 
value 1000 guineas. Newmarket Pirst October: Won a Sweep of 1000 
guineas each, and the 1400 guinea Subscription. Newmarket Houghton, 
A. P., 8st. each, the Prince staking 150 guineas to 100 guineas on the 
match: Beat Sir Frank Standish's Sir John. 1793: Newmarket First 
Spring: Won the Jockey Stakes of 100 guineas each. At the close of 
his racing career Whiskey was sold to Sir Charles Bunbury, Bart., and 
transferred to his stud at Great Barton, near Bury St. Edmunds, and 
became the sire of Clarissa, Pamela, Whiskerandos, Eleanor (the dam of 
Muley), Julia (dam of Phantom), Orlando, Whirligig, Rumbo, Pelisse, 
Young Whiskey, Lydia (sister to Eleanor), Juniper, Marmion, Cressicla 
(the dam of Priam), Usquebaugh, and Alcohol, besides many other noted 
winners, sires, and brood mares. 

JOHN BULL, a chestnut son of Fortitude, — Xantippe by Eclipse, — 
Grecian Princess, was bred by Lord Grosvenor in 1789, and won the 
Derby of 179.2. 



Famous Horses. 69 

VOLANTE, a bay dau. of Highflyer, — Fanny (sister to King Fergus) 
by Eclipse, was foaled in 1789, and won the Oaks of 179.2. 

TARTAR, a chestnut son of Florizel, — Euth by Eclipse, — a dau. of 
Blank, was bred by Lord A. Hamilton in 1789, and won tlie St. Leger 
of 179-!. 

CCELIA, a brown dau. of Volunteer, — Sister to Pharaniond l)y High- 
flyer, — Giantess by ]\Iatch'em, wa:s bred b}^ the Duke of Bedford in 1790, 
and won the Oaks of 1793. 

BENINGBOROUGH, abay son of King Fergus,— a dau. of Herod,— 
Pyi'rha by Match'em, — the famous Duchess by Whitenose, was foaled in 
1791. Mr. John Hutchinson, who bred Beningborough, sold him to 
Sir Charles Turner in 1795, and repurchased him in 1797, towards the 
close of which year he refused 3500 guineas for him. Beningborough 
was a horse of great character; and in his conformation bore a great 
resemblance to King Herod. Principal Performances. 1794. York 
August : Won a couple of races, beating Eliza and others. Doncaster : 
Won the (ireat St. Leger, and the Doncaster Cup — four miles — beating 
Constant by Highflyer, Eally (the dam of so many good racers) by 
Trumpator, &c. 1795. Doncaster: Beat Bennington in a match for 500 
2'uinea.s — four miles, and won the Doncaster Stakes, beatino- Mr. 
Grarforth's grey colt by Phenomenon (who had beaten him in the Great 
Subscription at York), and Eliza, and was again victorious over 
Phenomenon in another race at the same meeting. 1790. York August, 
ridden by J. Jackson : Beat Ormond in a 500 guinea match — four miles, 
but at the same meetmg was beaten by Eliza in the Great Subscription 
— four miles — at even weights ; this race excited intense interest. 1797. 
York August : Second for the Great Subscription — four miles — won by 
Hambletonian by two lengths. Beningborough now quitted the Turf 
for the stud, and became the sire of many excellent runners. 

ELIZA, a far-striding bay dau. of Highflyer, — Augusta by Eclipse, — 
Hardwicke's dam by Herod, — a dau. of Bajazet,— a dau. of Eegulus, was 
foaled in 1791. Principal Performances. 1794. Epsom : Second for the 
Oaks to Hermione. 1795. York August: Won a Produce Stakes of 100 
guineas each, beating Capsicum, Prior, and Evelina ; also beat Laura in 
another Sweep of 100 guineas each. Eichmond : Won the Cup. 179C. 
York : Won the King's Plate and the Great Subscription, beating 
Beningborough. Doncaster : Won the Doncaster Stakes ; unplaced 
for the Doncaster Cup won by Hambletonian. This was Eliza's last 
appearance on the turf. 




Fai/itu/ h,j .1. /•, 



nil original picture. 



GOHANNA. 



GO H ANN A, a bay son of Mercury, — a clau. of Herod, — Maiden by 
Matcli'em, was bred by the Earl of Egremont in 1790. Grohanna was 
one of the most beautifully moulded horses ever seen, a perfect iiiiiltinn in 
parvo. "The Druid," in "Silk and Scarlet" observes: "The line of 
Mercury first came out in all its strength and stoutness with Gohanna, 
who was, like Waxy, out of a Herod mare, and the two ran the 
memorable race for the Derby in what was then termed the Pot-8-os 
year — seven out of the thirteen starters being by that famous sire — 
and, but for Grohanna dividing them, they would have been the first 
three. No two horses could be more dissimilar in character than Waxy 
and Gohanna, the latter being a plain hunter-like style of horse. He was 
put to all kinds of mares, and his stock had great j^ovver with short legs, 
and if they exceeded 15 hands 1 inch it was beyond the average. 
Election was one of the smallest and most delicate of his sons, very 
different from the hardy, big-boned Golumpus, for whom Catton alone 
made a reputation and a name." Principal Performances. 1793. New- 
market : Won the Prince's Stakes of 500 guineas, the Second Class Prince's 



FamoKs IIorse-s\ 71 

Stakes of 550 guineas, and the Third Class Prince's Stakes of 550 guineas. 
Epsom : Beaten half a length by Waxy for the Derby. Newmarket : Won 
the 1400 Gruineas. 1794. Newmarket: Won a Sweep of 1900 guineas 
and the Claret Stakes. Newmarket Second Spring : Beaten for the Jockey 
Club Plate, E.C., by Waxy ; at the same Meeting, beat Waxy in a Match, 
B.C., the latter giving 31b. Lewes : Won a Sweep of 1000 guineas ; 
but was beaten by Waxy, at even weights, over a four-mile course. 1795. 
Won the King's Plates at Lichfield and Warwick. 1790. Guildford : For 
the King's Plate (four miles), was beaten by Waxy, who won the first heat 
by half a head, ran a dead-heat with Gohanna for the second, and won 
the third by half a length. Seldom do we see such extraordinary confirma- 
tion of form as that shown in these contests between Waxy and Gohanna. 

WAXY, a bay son of Pot-8-os, — the brown-bay Maria by Herod, — the 
bay Lisette by Snap, — the bay Miss Windsor by the Godolphin 
Arabian, — Sister to Volunteer by Young Belgrade, was bred by Sir P. 
Poole in 1790. Waxy was a very beautiful, lengthy, style of horse, 
with a great deal of the Arab in his appearance ; his quality was superb, 
as evidenced by " The Druid," who says: "High quality, so to speak, 
came into English bloodstock very m.uch with Waxy." From this 
celebrated animal has descended the flower of the English Turf of late 
years, including Touchstone, Newminster, The Hermit, Lord Clifden, 
Surplice, Orlando, Irish Birdcatcher, Stockwell, Doncaster, Bend Or, 
Ormonde, Orme, Blair Athol, St. Alban's, Caller On, Chanticleer, Lord 
Lyon, Minting, Isinglass, Ladas, &c., &c. Principal Performances. 1793. 
Epsom : Won the Derby from a field of twelve, Gohanna running him to 
half a length. 1794. Newmarket: Won the Jockey Club Plate. Salis- 
bury : Won the King's Plate. 1796. Guildford : Won the King's Plate, 
beating Gohanna. Salisbury: Beat Gohanna for the King's Plate. 1797. 
Oxford : Broke down in running for the Gold Cup. 

HERIVIIONE, a brown dau. of Sir Peter,— Paulina by Florizel,— Captive 
by Match 'em, — Calliope by Slouch, was bred by Lord Derby in 1791, and 
won the Oaks of 1794. 

D/EDALUS (own brother to Ehadamanthus, winner of the Derby of 
1790), was bred by Lord Grosvenor in 1791, and won the Derby of 1794. 
Both these brothers won the Blue Piband of the Turf in the orano-e and 
black of Lord Grosvenor, Ehadamanthus being ridden by ArnuU and 
Dsedalus by Buckle. 

NINETY-THREE, a bay son of Florizel, — Nosegay by Justice, — 
Nosegay by Snap, — Flora by Young Cade, — Midge by a son of Bay 
Bolton, was foaled in 1790, and won the St. Leger of 1793. 




HAMBLETONIAN 



HAIYIBLETONIAN, an undefeated bay son of King Fergus,— Grey 
Highflyer by Highflyer, — Morimnia by Match'em, — a dau. of Alcides 
(son of Babram), — a dau. of Old Crab, — the dam of Old Snap by Old 
Fox, — Cxipsey by Bay Bolton, was foaled in 1792. Principal Perform- 
ances. 1795. Won four races at York and Hambledon. Honcaster : 
Carried the orange jacket of Sir Charles Turner to victory in both the 
Great St. Leger and the Gold Cup, beating, in the latter race, Grosvenor, 
EHza, Capsicum, &c. 1796. Honcaster: Won the Gold Cup once more, 
beating Sober Eobin, Ambrosio, &c. 1797. Newmarket Craven: Won 
the Craven Stakes. York August : Won the Great Subscription — four 
miles — beating Beningborough and others. Honcaster: Won the 
Honcaster Stakes — four miles. 1798. Hambletonian did not run this 
year. 1799. Newmarket Craven, Beacon Course, Frank Buckle up : Beat 
Hiamond (ridden by Hennis Fitzpatrick) in a match for 3000 guineas, 
Hambletonian giving 31b. The betting, wdiich in those days was seldom 
heavy, except on matches, was on this occasion quite unprecedented in 
amount, at about 11 to 8 on Hambletonian. It is said that when Frank 



Famous Horses. 73 

Buckle jumped into the saddle, Sir Harry Vane-Tempest, the owner of 
Hambletonian, clutched his calm and firm hand in his own fevered grasp, 
and exclaimed, " I would give half of my fortune, Frank, for such a nerve 
as yours." This famous match was won by a head only. Frank Buckle, 
between the Ditch and the Turn of the Lands, managed to gain some 
lengths before they breasted the hill, where the compact and game 
little Diamond would otherwise have been more than a match for 
Hambletonian. Although the latter was never beaten. Diamond ran 
many more races than he did, and the horses which he beat were of a 
higher class than those vanquished by Hambletonian. 

DIAMOND, a brown son of Highflyer, — adau. of Match'em, — Barbara 
by Snap, — Miss Vernon by Old Cade, was foaled in 179.2. Principal 
Performances. 1795. Epsom: Fourth in the Derby (won by Spread 
Eagle). 1796. Newmarket First Spring, B.C. : Won the Jockey Stakes. 
York August : Pan a dead heat with Brother to Overton for second place 
in the Grreat Produce Stakes — four miles — won by Prince Charles, the 
winner of the Derby (Spread Eagle) being unj)laced. 1797. Newcastle : 
Won the King's Plate. Newmarket First October : Won the King's 
Plate, beating Hermione (Avinner of the Oaks of 1794). 1798. New- 
market First Spring : Won a Sweepstakes of 800 guineas. Oxford : Won 
the Cup — four miles. Nottingham: Won the King's Plate. Doncaster : 
Beat Shuttle in a 1000 guineas match. .Newmarket Craven: Beaten by 
Hambletonian in the great 3000 guineas match {see "Hambletonian"). 
Newmarket First Spring : Won the King's Plate. Newmarket Second 
Spring : Won the Jockey Club Plate. Diamond was subsequently sent to 
America. 

SPREAD EAGLE, a bay son of Volunteer, — a dau. of Highflyer, — a 
dau. of Engineer, was bred by Sir F. Standish in 179.'2, and w^on the 
Derby of 1795. 

PL AT IN A, a chestnut daughter of Mercury, — a dau. of Herod, — 
Young Hag by Skim, was bred by Jjord Egremont in 179.2, and won the 
Oaks in 1795. 

DIDELOT, a bay son of Trumpator, — a dau. of Highflyer, — a dau. of 
Engineer, was bred by Sir F. Standish in 1793, and followed up the 
example of his half-brother, Spread Eagle, by winning the Derby 
of 1796. 




t I hll (,,n ,S/w/-/<> 



AMBROSIO. 



AMBROSIO, -d bay son of Sir Peter,— Tulip by Damper,— a dau. of 
Eclipse, — Earity l)y Matcli'em, — Snapdragon by Old Snap, was foaled in 
1793. '■' Ambrosio was universally allowed to be Sir Peter's best son." 
Principal Performances. 1796. After winning three races at York Spring 
and August Meetings, Stately, (ioldenlocks, Prudentia, Cardinal, Shuttle, 
and others going down before him, Ambrosio, at Doncaster (ridden by 
John Jackson), won the great St. Leger, the field including Cardinal, 
Rosolio, and Orphan, and ran third for the Doncaster Gold Cup 
won by Hambletonian. 1797. Newmarket Craven: Won the Oatlands. 
1798. Newmarket Craven : Won the Oatlands. Newmarket First Spring : 
Won the Main Oatlands of 100 guineas each. Newmarket Second Spring, 
B.C. : Won the Jockey Club Plate, beating St. Greorge, Aimator, and 
Centinel. Newmarket First October: Won a Sweep of .200 guineas each, 
beating St. George and Aimator. 1799. Newmarket First Spring, B.C. : 
Beat Johnny and Spoliator. York : Won the Great Subscription — four 
miles. Doncaster : Beat Wonder in a match — Ambrosio's last race. 

PARASOTE, a brown dau. of Sir Peter,— Deceit by Tandem,— Perdita 



Famous lTo)'sc><. 75 

by Herod, — Fair Forester by Sloe, was bred by Sir F. Standish in 1 793, 
and won the Oaks of 179(5. 

WARTER, a bay son of King Fergus, — a dau. of Highflyer,— Platina 
by Old Snap, — Miss Cranbourne by the Godolphin Arabian, — Miss 
Western by Sedbury, — Mother Western, was foaled in 1794. Principal 
Performances. 1797. Doncaster : >S'/,?' heats of two miles each ; Stamford 
won the first heat, for the second Warter and Pepperpot ran a dead heat, 
Pepperpot won the third, and Warter the fourth ; the fifth resulted in 
another dead heat between Warter and Pep^Derpot ; and, finally, Warter 
beat Pepperpot for the sixth heat — a remarkable contest ! 1798. 
Doncaster : Third for the Gold Cup won by Stamford (for the second 
successive year) after a dead heat with Timothy. 1799. ISTewmarket First 
Spring : Won the Main of the Oatlands. Stamford : Won the Cup. 
Oxford : Second for the Cup to Bellissima. Lichfield : Won the King's 
Plate. InOO. Newmarket Second Spring : Beaten by Timothy in a match 
for 500 guineas. 1801. Guildford: Won the King's Plate — four miles. 

TIMOTHY, a bay son of the grey Delpini, — the roan Cora by 
Match'em, — A la Grecque's dam by the grey Allworthy (son of Old 
grey Crab), — a grey dau. of Flying Childers, — Miss Belvoire by Grey 
Grantham, was foaled in 1794. Principal Performances. 1798. Doncaster: 
Second to Stamford for the Gold Cup — four miles — after running him a 
dead heat, with Warter and others behind. 1799. York August, four 
miles : Beat Stamford, Tartar, and Wonder. Doncaster, three-mile 
match : Beat Ambrosio. 

NIKE, a bay dau. of Alexander (by Eclipse), — Nimble by Florizel, — 
Rantipole by Blank, — Joan (sister to Careless) by Regulus, was bred by 
Lord Grosvenor in 1794, and won the Oaks of 1797. 

LOUNGER, a bay son of Drone,— Miss Judy by Alfred,— Manilla by 
Goldfinder, was foaled in 1794, and won the St. Leger of 1797. 

BELLISSIIVIA, a bay dau. of Phenomenon, — Wren by Woodpecker, — 
Papillon I)}' Old Snap, was foaled in 1795. Principal Performances. 
1797. Newmarket : Won the July Stakes. 1798. Epsom : Won the Oaks. 
1799. Second for the Claret Stakes to Sir Harry (winner of the Derby of 
1798). Oxford: Won the Cup — four miles — beating Warter, Diamond, 
and others. 




l'<iiiiti:(l liy Abraham Coo2KI\ R.A. 



SORCERER. 



SORCERER, a very powerful black son of Trumpator, — Young Giantess 
by Diomecl, — Giantess by Match'em, — Molly Longlegs by Babraliam, — a 
dan. of Foxhnnter (by Brisk), — a dan. of Old Partner, — Sister to Eoxanaby 
the Bald Galloway, was bred by Sir Charles Bunbury in 1796. The 
above excellent portrait of Sorcerer, the most celebrated and successful 
stallion of his day, was engraved by John Scott from a painting by 
Abraham Cooper, R.A., and was considered an admu-able likeness. 
Sorcerer was fairly successful on the turf, but his great renown was 
gained at the stud, he being the sire of a host of winners, who secured a large 
proportion of the richest prizes of the Turf. It is very remarkable that 
the stock of Trumpator and Sorcerer generally retained their original 
black colour derived from the Byerley Turk, notwithstanding the inter- 
mixture of so many bays and other light coloured horses in so many 
successive generations. Three out of live of Trumpator's brothers and 
half-brothers were black horses like himself — viz., Cantator, Harpator, and 
Jubilator ; the remainmg two, Pipator and Drumator, being bays, and all 
being out of the brown mare Brunette by Squirrel. Sorcerer and the rest 



¥(( III 1'-s Ho ) •■sr.s- . 7 7 

of Trunipator's stock doubtless obtained their characteristic speed from 
Brunette ; and Sorcerer's great size and substance may originally have 
been derived from Babraham. It is most remarkable that from these two 
stallions (Babraham and Squirrel) their prominent qualities — size and 
substance from the one, and speed from the other — should, as a rule, have 
descended to their remotest progeny. " The Druid," in " Silk and 
Scarlet," remarks that " Sorcerer and Paynator were the two founders of 
the Trumpator line, but the former was five years younger than the latter. 
Sorcerer inherited Squirrel's speed himself, and transmitted it to his 
stock. His renowned son, Smolensko, showed great breeding, and his 
Derby was, as Clift said of Cedric's, ' all w/ieelers and no leaders-.^ Bourbon 
might have done much for Sorcerer, but the dams of Fleur-de-Lis and the 
Alderman were the only mares that were sent to him in his only season 
in England. Smolensko's son Jerry was a black of remarkable size and 
substance, and inherited a good deal of the Orville coarseness through his 
dam (Louisa). Jericho (Jerry's son) died prematurely for his fame as a 
sire to be established." Sorcerer was the sire of Morel, winner of the 
Oaks ; of Maid of Orleans, winner of the Oaks ; of Thunderbolt, winner 
of the Newmarket Stakes; of Wizard, winner of the .2000 Guineas; 
of Comus, winner, as a three-year-old, of 3550 guineas at Xewmarket ; 
of Soothsayer, winner of the Doncaster St. Leger and Stakes ; of Sorcery, 
winner of the Oaks ; of Trophonius, winner of the .2000 Guineas and 
NeTvanarket Stakes ; of Truffle, own brother to Morel, and who carried off 
most of the good things at Newmarket ; of Smolensko, winner of the 
.2000 Guineas, the Derby, and Newmarket Stakes ; of Bourbon (sire of 
Fleur-de-Lis); and winner, in his first three seasons, of 5150 guineas, 
&c., &c. 

THE DUKE OF BEDFORD'S brown son of Fidget,— Sister to Phara- 
mond by Highflyer, was bred by his Grace in 1794, and won the Derby 
of 1797. 

SIR HARRY, a brown son of Sir Peter Teazle,— Matron by Alfred,— 
Pilot's dam l)y Marske, was foaled in 1795, and won the Derby of 1798. 

SYIYIIYIETRY, a grey son of DeliDini, — Yiolet (dam also of Goldenlocks, 
Theophania, Thomasino, &c.) by Sharke, was bred by Sir Thomas 
Gascoigne in 1795, and won the St. Leger of 179S. 

BELLI N A, a chestnut dan. of Rockingham (by Highflyer), — Anna by 
Eclipse, — a dau. of Spectator, — Diana by Second, was bred by Lord 
Grosvenor in 1796, and won the Oaks of 1799. 




J'ainled bii J. y. Sarturius. 



CHAMPION. 



CHAMPION, a lop-eared bay son of Pot-8-os, — Himcamimca by 
Highflyer, — Cypher by SquuTel (son of Traveller), — a dan. of Kegnhis, — 
a dan. of Bartlett's Childers,- — Sister to the Two Trne Bines, was foaled in 
1797. Champion showed remarkable breeding, with no coarseness abont 
him. Principal Performances. 1800. Epsom: Won the Derby. Doncaster, 
Frank Bnckle : Won the (ireat St. Leger, ten rnnners, including Agonistes 
(one of Sir Peter's best sons). 1801. Doncaster: Third for the Gold 
Cup — four miles — to Chance and Sir Solomon ; Chance won the Doncaster 
Stakes — four miles also — the same day. 180:2. Broke down in running 
a match, and was sent to Ireland. 

COCKFIGHTER, a brown son of Overton (by King Fergus), — Palm- 
flower by Weasel, — Columba by Alfred, — a dan. of Engineer, — a dan. of 
Old Cade,— Lass of the Mill by Old Traveller, was foaled in 179G. 
Principal Performances. 1799. Bichmond : Won the Cup. Doncaster: 
Won the (Ireat St. Leger, beating Expectation ; also won the Doncaster 
Gold Cup — four miles — beating Expectation, Symmetry (winner of the 
St. Leger of 1798), Harry Bowe, Stamford, and others. 1800. York: 
Won the York Oatlands, beating Wonder and Sir Harry (winner of the 



Fantotia Jlurse-s. 79 

Derby of 1798. Doncaster : Won the Doncaster Stakes. ISOl. York: 
AVon the Great Subscription, and the Second Great Subscription. 
Doncaster: Beaten by Sir Solomon. IbO'l. Newmarket: Won the 
Craven Stakes. 

SIR SOLOIYION, a bay son of Sir Peter Teazle,— :Vratron by Florizel 
(son of Herod), — Maiden by Match'em, was bred l^y Earl Fitzwilliam 
in 179G. Principal Performances. ISUl. Newcastle : Won the Cup 
— four miles — beating Agonistes. Nottingham : Won the Cup, beating 
Cinnamon. Doncaster, four miles, Sst. 71b. each : Beat Cockfighter 
in a match for oOO guineas. In reference to this match, which 
excited almost as much interest as that between Diamond and Hamble- 
tonian, " The Druid," writing on the subject of Sir Peter's stock, 
observes, " Sir Solomon was one of the stoutest of them, and, with John 
Shepherd to pih^t him, won against the hitherto invincible Cockfighter 
the best foiu*-mile race that was ever run over Doncaster. Sir Solomon's 
power of making his own running in a four-mile race was as remarkable 
as the seat of his rider, John Shepherd, who held himself so bolt 
upright that there was quite a hollow in the middle of his back, and he 
kept his feet sti-aight out before him to the point of his horse's shoulder.'' 
At the same meeting Sir Solomon ran second to Chance for the Doncaster 
Gold Cup, with Champion (winner of the Derby of ISOO) third. 180.2. 
Newcastle : AVon the Cup. York : Beat Marcia ; and, for the Great 
Subscription, was again victorious over Cockfighter. 

ARCHDUKE, a brown son of Sir Peter, — Horatia by Eclipse, — Countess 
(Delpini's dam) by Blank, was bred by Sir F. Standish in 179C, and won 
the Derby of 1799, eleven runners. 

EPHEMERA, a chestnut dau. of AYoodpecker, — Bobtail by Eclipse, — 
Faith by Herod, was bred by Lord Egremont in 1797, and won the 
Oaks of 1800. 

QUIZ, a chestnut son of Buzzard (by AVoodpecker),^ — Miss West by 
Match'em, — a dau. of Eegulus, — a dau. of Old Crab, — a dau. of Flying 
Childers, — a dau. of Basto, was foaled in 1798. Principal Performances. 
1801. Doncaster: AA'on the Great St. Leger, beating Belleisle, Miracle, 
Muley Moloch, and others. 180.2. Newmarket: AA^on the Jockey Club 
Plate, beating Cockfighter. York : AA^on the King's Plate and the Great 
Subscription. 1803. Newmarket, B.C. : Beat Highland Fling in a match 
for 1000 guineas, and won the Oatlands. 1804. Brocket Hall: Beat 
Eleanorfor the Cup. 1805. Eeading : Won the Cup. 1800. Newmarket: 
AYon the Oatlands. 




PENELOPE. 



PENELOPE, a bay dau. of Trumpator,— Prunella by Highflyer,— 
Promise by Old Snap, — Julia by Blank, — a dau. of Old Partner, — Bonny- 
lass by Bay Bolton, was bred by the Duke of Grrafton in 1798. Penelope 
was the dam of Whalebone, Web, Woful, Wilful, Wire, and Whisker, all by 
Waxy ; of Waterloo by Walton ; of Whizgig- by Rubens ; and of Waltz 
by Election. Principal Performances. 1801. Won the Oatlands at New- 
market, King's Plate at Ipswich, and several other races. 180.2. Ran only 
moderately. 1803. Newmarket Second October, B.C. : Beat Eleanor. 
1804. Newmarket Craven : Won the Oatlands. Newmarket First Spring : 
Won the King's Plate, B.C., beating Eleanor ; and beat Quiz in another 
race. Newmarket Second Spring : Won the Jockey Club Plate, beating 
Dick Andrews. Newmarket First October, B.C.: Ran second for a Sub- 
scription won by Sir Harry Dimsdale, with Eleanor third. 

ELEANOR (the dam of Muley), a bay dau. of Whiskey,— Young 
Giantess (by Diomed), was bred by Sir Charles Bunbury in 1798. Prin- 
cipal Performances. 1801. Epsom : Won the Derby and the Oaks. 180.2. 



Faiiiof's Horsey. 81 

Newmarket First October : Beat Penelope ; and also won the King's 
Plate. 1803. Oxford : Won the Cnp, beating Julia (the dam of Phantom). 
Lincoln : Won the King's Plate. 1804. Newmarket Second Spring : 
Beat Quiz. Newmarket October : Won a Gold Cup, beating Virtuosa, 
Lignum Vita?, Aniseed, Castrel, and nine others ; and, in another race 
over the Beacon Course, beat Orville and Lignum Vitse. 1805. Egham: 
Won the Cup, beating Miss Coiner. Altogether Eleanor won twenty-nine 
races out of forty-six. 

HAPHAZARD, a brown son of Sir Peter, — Miss Harvey by Eclipse, — 
Clio by Young Cade, — a dan. of the Bolton Grey Starling, — a dau. of 
Bartlett's Childers — Bay Bolton — Byerley Turk, — a dau. of Bustler, was 
foaled in 1797. Principal Performances. 1800. Doncaster : Second for 
the Gold Cup won by Dion. 1801. Catterick : Beat Cinnamon. Don- 
caster: Beat Cinnamon and Chance. 180.2. York August, four miles: 
Beat Chance, Cockfighter, and Cinnamon ; and won the Great Subscrip- 
tion, beating Chance and Marcia. Doncaster : Won the Doncaster Stakes, 
beating Marcia. 1803. York: Won the Great Subscription, beating 
Marcia and Cinnamon. 1804. York: Beat Marcia and Lennox; and also 
won the Great Subscription, beating Alonzo and Marcia. " The Druid," 
in A\Titing of Haphazard, says that "he was a gay, nag-looking horse, 
with a low back, and very line action, l^ut never a great favourite. Billy 
Pierse thought he had hardly ever been on a truer four-mile horse than 
him and Agonistes, both of the same age, both by Sir Peter, and 
companions in the Raby stable. His finest race on Haphazard was 
against Marcia (ridden by Frank Buckle), at York August Meeting in 
1803, for the Great Subscription Purse, when Haphazard w^on by half a 
length." 




ORVILLE, a bay son of Beningborougli, — Evelina by Highflyer, — 
Termagant by Tantrum, was bred by Earl Eitzwilliam in 1799. Orville 
was the first of Beningborougli 's get that started ; he was over sixteen 
hands high, and his lungs and courage were inexhaustible. William 
Edwards declared that, while Selim was the speediest, Orville was the 
best for all distances he ever rode. Orville gave Haphazard such a tying 
up in a four-mile trial at Lewes, at even weights, at four o'clock in the 
morning, that the latter never again appeared in public, and in the 
afternoon of the same day he beat Walton, after a punishing race. 
Principal Performances. 1802. Doncaster : Won the Great St. Leger, 
beating Pipylin, Sparrowhawk, Tankersley, and three others. Second for 
the Doncaster Cup. Orville was a very difficult horse to ride, and so 
inanimate and dead-skinned, that nothing but a whip that would curl 
round him could make any impression. Will Edwards, who rode him, 
" was a mere feather at the time, and begged hard for a curb bridle, but 
the Earl's trainer knew the colt to be such a slug, that he only replied : 
' The further he runs away, the further he'll beat 'em.' However, John 
Jackson, on Alonzo, and Shepherd, on Sir Solomon, agreed together to 
make the St. Leger winner run away. Accordingly, they got the lad 
between them, and, by sly strokes of the whip, on either side, most 



Famous Horses. 83 

effectually waked up Orville for liini. In vain poor little Edwards shouted 
out, ' I'll tell the Jockey Club of you,' till Jackson finished the matter 
by kneeing the bewildered lad on to the rails. But for this Orville must 
have won." From ''Scott and Sebright" (by "The Druid.") 1808*. 
Ean three times unsuccessfully. 1S04. Doncaster : Beat Pipylin and 
Doncaster. 1805. Brighton: Won the Somerset Stakes and the Prince's 
Gold Cup. Lewes, l.'2st., four-mile heats : Won the King's Plate., 
and also beat Walton in a four-mile Sweep. 18()G. Newmarket Second 
Spring : Beat Quiz for a Sweep over the Beacon Course. Newmarket 
First October, B.C. : Beat Parasol and Sta^'eley (winner of the St. Leger 
of 1805). Newmarket Second October: Beat Sancho (winner of the St. 
Leger of 1804). 1807. Orville was victorious on seven occasions this 
year without a single reverse. 

HYALE, a chestnut dau. of Phenomenon, — Rally by Trumpator, — 
Fancy (sister to Diomed) by Florizel, was foaled in 1797. Principal 
Performances. 1800. Nottingham: Won the Gold Cup. 1801. Stamford: 
Won the Gold Cup. Nottingham : Broke dowai badly in running for the 
Gold Cup. Hyale was the dam of Mr. Thornhill's famous horse 
Anticipation by Hambletonian. 

MULEY lYIOLOCH, a chestnut son of John Bull,— Mistletoe by 
Pot-8-os, — Maid of the Oaks by Herod, was bred by the Earl of 
Darlington in 1798. Principal Performances. 1801. York August : 
Beat Quiz — whinner of the St. Leger this year, Lennox, and Sophia. 
180.e. Pontefract: Won the Cup. 

TYRANT, a bay son of Pot-8-os, — Sea Fowl by Woodpecker, — Sister 
to Papillon by Snap, was foaled in 1799. Principal Performances. 180.2. 
Newmarket Craven : Beat Julia and Brother to Spreadeagle. Epsom : 
Won the Derby, beating Colt by Young Eclipse, Orlando, &c. Pan twice 
more, but not successful!}'-. These were the only times of his running. 

SCOTIA, a grey dau. of Delpini, — a dau. of King Fergus, — Coelia by 
Herod, — Proserpine (sister to Eclipse), was foaled in 1799. Principal 
Performances. 180.2. Epsom: Won the Oaks. 1803. Newmarket 
Spring : Second to Gulliver. These were the only two occasions of her 
runnins". 




PaiHtid I'll J. F. Ueri-imi. 



WALTON, a bay son of Sir Peter, — Aretliiisa by Dungannon, — a dau. 
of Propbet (by Eegulus), — Virago (Saltram's dam), was bred by Sir 
Hedwortb Williamson in 1799. 

" The Druid," in " Silk and Scarlet," remarks : " Sir John Shelley 
bought the clever, but cobby-looking, Walton, when he was beaten for 
the Craven Stakes by Aniseed, in the year that old Eleanor was third. 
He was awkward to ride, and Buckle said of him that he was ' Always 
on his head for the first mile.' His stock had no great character about 
them. Although he had only seven mares in his first season, Phantom 
(winner of the Derby), Vandyke Junior, and Rainbow were among his 
lucky hits. Bay Middleton, Ishmael, and Voltaire were out of Phantom 
mares ; and George IV. was latterly as fond of Walton's son, Waterloo, 
as he had been in his younger days of the Trumpators and Gohannas. 
Walton's most distinguished son, Partisan, strained back to Highflyer, 
through his dam. Parasol, by Pot-8-os out of Prunella. Trainers used 
to say of him that he was the finest actioned horse that ever went over 



Fainoi/.s' Hori^eH. 85 

Newmarket ; and, after proving the sire of Yenison, Mameluke, Gkidiator, 
and (xkuicus, lie was eventually sold for 105 guineas." In addition to 
those mentioned by " The Druid," Walton was the sire of Tooley, Kobin 
Adair, Crecy, Nectar (winner of the Riddlesw^orth and the Two 
Thousand Gruineas), Leopoldine, Harmodius, Wrangler, St. Patrick 
(winner of the St. Leger), Elizabeth, Privateer, &c., &c. Principal 
Performances. 1803. Newmarket Craven : Won the Oatlands. New- 
market First October: Won the King's Plate, beating Orlando. 1804. 
Newmarket First Spring : Won the King's Plate. Gruildford : Won the 
King's Plate. Salisbury : Won the King's Plate. Winchester : Won the 
King's Plate. Warwick : Won the King's Plate. Lichfield : Won the 
King's Plate. 1805. Newmarket Craven, B.C. : Beat Penelope in a 
match. Newmarket First Spring, E.C. — 3 miles, 4 furlongs, 139 yards : 
Beat Pipylin and Parasol. Brighton: Won the Somerset Stakes. Lewes: 
Won the County Plate and the Ladies' Plate, beating Cardinal Beaufort 
(wmmer of the Derby of 1805). 

PARASOL, a bay dau. of Pot-8-os, — Prunella by Highflyer, was bred 
by the Duke of Grafton in 1800. Principal Performances. 1803. 
Epsom : Third for the Oaks to Theophania and Fanny, with Elizabeth, 
Pamela, and others behind. Newmarket July : Won the Town Plate. 
Newmarket First October: Won the Town Plate. 1804. Newmarket 
Craven: Won the Oatlands. Newmarket Second Spring: Beat Enchanter 
in a match. New^market First October : Won the King's Plate, beating 
Sir Harry Dimsdale and Walton. 1805. Newmarket Second Spring : 
Won the Jockey Club Plate, beating Walton and Petruchio in a canter by 
six lengths. Newmarket Second October, B.C. : Beat Sir Harry 
Dimsdale, at even weights, by a neck, after a most severe and punishing 
race. 1806. Newmarket First Spring : Won the King's Plate. New- 
market Second October, match, B.C. : Beat Cardinal Beaufort (winner of 
the Derby of 1805), giving him 171b. Parasol was the dam of Parachute 
by Sorcerer, Promise by Walton, Partisan by Walton, Pindarrie (winner 
of the Two Thousand Guineas) by Phantom, Pastille (winner of the Two 
Thousand Guineas and Oaks) by Rubens, and other winners. 

DITTO, a bay son of Sir Peter, — Arethusa by Dungannon, was bred 
by Sir H. Williamson in 1800. Principal Performances. 1803. Epsom: 
Won the Derby — six runners only. 1804. Newmarket First Spring : Won 
the Claret Stakes. 1805. Newmarket: Won the Craven Stakes, beating 
Castrel, &c. Guildford : Won the King's Plate — four-mile heats. 

THEOPHANIA, a bay dau. of Delpini, — Violet by Sharke, was foaled in 
1800, and won the Oaks of 1803, Fanny second. Parasol third. 




rniiif I I II I 1 H, I liny. 



MANDANE. 



lYIANDANE, a chestnut dau. of Pot-8-os, — Young Camilla by Wood- 
pecker, — Camilla by Trentham, — Coquette by the Sedley Grey Arabian, — - 
Sister to llegulus by the Godolphin Arabian, was foaled in ISOO. ]\Tan- 
dane stood just 15 hands high, and was but an indifferent performer on 
the turf. She gained, however, great renown at the stud, being the dam 
of Manuella (winner of the Oaks in 1812, and dam of Memnon), Altisi- 
dora (winner of the St. Leger of 1813), Petuaria by Orville (sold to Lord 
Cremorne for 3000 guineas). Captain Candid (second for the St. Leger of 
181C)), the famous Lottery by Tramp, Brutandorf by Whisker, and several 
others. Mandane had wasted almost to a skeleton when the above 
portrait was taken of her by Mr. Herring not long before she died. 

HANNIBAL, a bay son of Driver (by Trentham), — Fractious by 
Mercury, — a dau. of Woodpecker, — Everlasting by Eclipse, was bred by 
Lord Egremont in 1801. Principal Performances. 1804. Epsom: Won 
the Derby — eight runners only. 1805. Newmarket First Spring: Third 
for the Claret Stakes to Pavilion and Sancho, with Pelisse fourth. 
Brighton July : Beaten by Sancho in a match for 1000 guineas. 



FaiJiu/i'S JIor.sc'6\ 87 

PELISSE, a brown dau. of Whiskey, — Prunella by Highflyer, was bred 
by the JJuke of Grafton in ISO 1. Principal Performances. 1804. Second 
to Prospero for the Newmarket Stakes. Epsom : AVon the Oaks. New- 
market, R.M. : Beat Sir David and Stately. 1806. Newmarket: Won 
the Second Class of the Oatlands. 1808. Newmarket: Second for the 
Jockey Clnh Plate. Pelisse ran in many other races and matches. 

EVANDER, a grey son of Delpini, — Caroline by Phenomenon, — Faith 
by Pacolet, was foaled in 1801. Principal Performances. 1805. York 
Aug-ust : Won the Ivina^'s Plate, four miles. Doncaster : Second for the 
King's Plate. Evander was sent to Russia in 1813. 

SANCHO, a bay son of Don Quixote (by Eclipse), — Pachel by High- 
flyer, — Sister to Tandem, was foaled in 1801. Principal Performances. 
1804. Doncaster: Won the St. Leger, twelve runners, three of whom fell 
durino^ the race, and a fourth became unmanasfeable. 1805. Newmarket: 
Beaten a head for the Claret Stakes by Pavilion, with Hannibal (wdnner 
of the Derby of 1804) and Pelisse (winner of the Oaks of 1804) behind. 
Brighton July : Beat Hannibal at even weights in a mile match for 1000 
guineas. Lewes : Beat Pavilion in a four-mile match at even weights for 
3000 guineas. Newmarket: Grave 101b. to Sir David and beat him over 
the Eowley Mile. 180G. Newmarket: Broke down when trying to give 
Orville 71b. 

CARDINAL BEAUFORT, a bay son of Gohanna,— Colibri by Wood- 
pecker, — Camilla by Trentham, was bred by Lord Egremont in 180.2. 
Principal Performances. 1805. Epsom: Won the Derby, beating Planta- 
genet, Goth, Bassanio, and Little Peter. Brighton : Won the Pavilion 
Stakes. Cardinal Beaufort also ran in a considerable number of matches. 

lYIETEORA, a bay dau. of Meteor,— Maid of All Work by Highflyer, 
was bred by Lord Grosvenor in 180.2. Principal Performances. 1805. 
Epsom (Prank Buckle) : Won the Oaks, eight runners. 1806. Newmarket : 
In receipt of 51b. beat Staveley (winner of the St. Leger of 1805) in a 
match, A. P. 1807. Newmarket: Won the Oatlands. Newmarket: 
Beat Cardinal Beaufort (winner of the Derby of 1805) in a match, D.I. 
Stamford : Won the Gold Cup. Newmarket Houghton : Won the 
Audley End Stakes, beating Bronze (winner of the Oaks of 1806). 
1808. Stamford: Won the Gold Cup. Brighton: Won the Somerset 
Stakes, four miles ; and the Gold Cup, four miles. Newmarket First 
October: Beat Musician (winner of the Claret Stakes) . 1809. Newmarket 
Craven: Won the Oatlands. 1810. Newmarket Second SjDring : Won 
the Jockey Club Plate. Stamford : Won the Gold Cup, four miles. 




rand, it hij r. Ton 



STAVELET. 



STAVE LEY, a bay son of Shuttle (by Young Marske),— a dau. of 
Drone, — a dau. of Match'em, — Jocasta by Mr. Cornforth's Forester, was 
foaled in 180.2, and sold to Col. Mellish of the 10th Hussars. Col. 
Mellish was an accomplished scholar, one of the very best whips of the 
day, a first-rate rider across country, the best handicapper of horses that 
had ever been known at Newmarket, and had returned from the 
Peninsula War with the reputation of being one of the best officers in the 
service. A famous horse belonging to him— Eagle by Volunteer — first 
awakened in Admiral Rous, when a boy at Westminster School, the 
passion for horse-racing. " Which of you will engage me for his 
coachman, if I am beaten ? " asked the gay Col. Mellish, as he rode up to 
the Prince Regent's crowded German waggon on Lewes racecourse, just 
as the flag was about to fall which was to start his yellow-bay colt Sancho 
against Lord Darlington's brown colt Pavilion by Waxy, in a four-mile 
match for 3000 guineas each, which the former w^on. This match took 
place on the 1st August, 1805, the result of Sancho's defeat by Pavilion, 



Fa>iioiii< ]for-^e-s. 89 

by a head only, in the Chiret Stakes at Newmarket in the preceding 
May, Hannibal (winner of the Derby of 1804), and Pelisse (winner of the 
Oaks of 1804) being third and fourth. Principal Performances of Staveley. 
1805. Doncaster (John Jackson) : Won for Col. Mellish his second 
consecutive St. Leger, beating Caleb Justem (winner the following 
day of the Doncaster Cup), Sir Paul, Sir Peter, Sir Lancelot, 
&c. 1800. Newmarket, A.F. : Failed to give Meteora (winner of the 
Oaks) 51b. in a match ; beat Cardinal Beaufort (winner of the Derby) ; 
won the Jockey Club Plate. 

REIYIEIYIBRANCER, a bay son of Pipator (by Imperator),— Queen Mab 
(sister to ^lercury) by Eclipse, was bred by Lord Strathmore in 1800. 
Principal Performances. 1803. Newcastle: Won the (xold Cup. York: 
Beat Theophania (winner of the Oaks). Doncaster: Won the St. Leger. 
1804. Newcastle : Won the (lold Cup. York : Won the Gold Cup. 

VESTA, a grey dau. of Delpini, — Faith by Pacolet, was foaled in 1801. 
Principal Performances. 1804. Doncaster: Vesta and several (jther 
competitors fell during the race for the St. Leger. 1805. York August : 
Won a Subscription — four miles ; and another similar race over the same 
distance. 1800. York August : Beat Young Chariot, Evander, and 
others over the four-mile course. Doncaster : Second to Trafalgar for 
the Doncaster Stakes — four miles. Her last race and only defeat. The 
bonny grey dau. of Delpini now retired to the stud, and was the dam of 
thirteen greys, including Trajan, Grey Orville, Julia, Pyramu!^ Emma, 
Snowball, Hussar, and Young Vesta. 

TRAFALGAR, a bay son of Sir Peter, — Mi\\e by Young Marske, — 
Serina by Goldfinder, was bred by Lord Darlington in 180.'2. Principal 
Performances. 1800. Newmarket First Spring: Won the First Class 
of the Prince's Stakes. Epsom : Second for the Derby won by Paris. 
Brighthelmston (Brighton) : Won the Pavilion Stakes ; and the Egre- 
mont Stakes, beating Bronze (winner of the Oaks). Pontefract : Won 
the Gold Cup. Doncaster : Won the Doncaster Stakes — four miles 
— beating Vesta ; and ran second for the race immediately following — 
the Doncaster Gold Cup — four miles — with Sir Paul and five others 
behind him. Eio-ht miles over the Doncaster Course in one afternoon ! 
1808. Newmarket Craven : Beat Paris (winner of the Derby of 1800) 
in a match at even weights over the Beacon Course. 




I'amtcd Ini 11. H. (Jhalon. 



SELIIYl (own brother to Castrel and Eubens, and sire of the 
magnificent Sultan), was a chestnut son of _ Buzzard,— a dau. of Alexander 
(by Eclipse), — a dau. of Highflyer, — a dau. of Alfred, — a dau. of 
Engineer, — Bay Malton's dam, bred by General Sparrow in 1802, and 
purchased by the Prince of Wales in 1805. "The Druid," in his work 
entitled " Silk and Scarlet," remarks : " Woodpecker was a large, coarse 
horse, with wide lop ears, almost like a prize rabbit, which descended in a 
marked way to his stock. His greatest hit was with Buzzard, who was 
out of a mare by Dux, and the blood of this great unknowai was destined 
to flow in the veins of the most w^onderful leash of brothers that ever 
sought glory in the Stud Book. Their dam (the Alexander Mare) was 
such a w^eed to the eye that the Duke of Queensberry (her then owner) 
could not get .25/. for her, and therefore gave her away to his surgeon 
at Newmarket. Misfortune was the dam of Buzzard, and her sire, Dux, 
was a son of Match'em. Mr. Craven's Bronze (winner of the Oaks in 
1800) was sister to the leash of brothers. Castrel (the eldest of the three 
brothers, and also bred l^y General Sparrow) was a magnificent chestnut 



Fai)to/'.s Horses. 91 

of sixteen hand;; high, and with great qnality ; and, l)iit for hi;-; roaring, 
there were few better on the Turf. Selini wa;; given ])y the Prince to 
Col. Leigh when his horses were sohl. He wa:-; full of quality, and so 
majestic altogether, that no one would have suspected him to be the 
workman he was at all distances." Principal Performances of Selim. 
18()(). Newmarket: A¥on the Oatlands. 1807. Newmarket: Won the 
Craven Stakes and the Oatlands. 

VIOL ANTE, a bay dau. of John J^ull, — Sister to Skyscraper by 
Highflyer, — Everlasting by Eclipse, was bred by Lord (Irosvenor in 
1S()2. Principal Performances. 1805. Newmarket: Won the Oatlands. 
180G. Newmarket : Second to Sir David for the Craven Stakes ; Won the 
Port Stakes ; Second to Pelisse for the Oatlands ; and Won a Gold Cup. 
1807. Newmarket : Won the Oatlands. Newmarket First Spring (9st. lib.) : 
Beat Staveley (8st. 101b., winner of the St. Leger of 1800), and Meteora 
(8st. 111b., winner of the Oaks of 1800). 1808. Newmarket: Won the 
Oatlands, beating Parasol, &c. ; also won the King's Plate for Mares. 
Newmarket First October (8st. 71b.) : Beat Selim (8st. .21b.) in a match 
over the Beacon Course. 1809. Newmarket: Won the Craven Stakes. 
Her last race. Violante was dam of Bizarre and Finesse, both by 
Peruvian. 

WHITELOCK (sire of Blacklock), a bay son of Hambletonian, — 
Rosalind by Phenomenon, — Atalanta by Match'em, was foaled in 1803. 
" The Druid" observes — ■" Whitelock was a naggish sort of horse with a 
big coarse head and plump forelegs. He derived his name from a white 
lock in his tail." He only ran on two occasions. 

PARIS, a bay son of Sir Peter,^Horatia by Eclipse, was bred by 
Sir F. Standi;di in 1803, and won the Derby of 1800, beating Trafalgar, 
Hector, &c. 

BRONZE, a brown dau. of Buzzard, — the dam of Selim by Alexander, 
was bred by Mr. Craven in 1803, and won the Oaks of 1800, beating- 
Jerboa, Posal)ella, &c. 

FYLDENER, a bay son of Sir Peter, — Fanny hy Diomed, — Ambrosia 
by Woodpecker, — Ruth (dam of Gronzales) by Blank, was foaled in 1803 ; 
and won the St. Leger of 1800. 




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Painted Ini J. liartngtf. 



RUBENS (own brother to Castrel and Selim), a chestnut son of 
Buzzard, was bred by the Prince of Wales in 1805. Rubens was a 
heavy-topped fleshy horse, standing quite sixteen hands, and with a flash 
of lightning speed. The Prince of Wales sold him to Lord Darlington 
for 1500 guineas, his lordship winning upwards of 1.2,()0()/. with him. 
Pubens' best son was Peter Lely ; and Defence by Whalebone, Ascot by 
Reveller, Recovery by Emilius, and Coronation by Sir Hercules w^ere all 
out of his daughters. Rubens was also sire of Raphael, Sir Joshua, 
Boabdil, Strephon, Teniers, Wouvermans, Defiance, Ruby, Pastille, 
Angelica, Whizgig, Landscape, Omphale, &c. Principal Performances. 
ISOS. Epsom: Fourth for the Derby to Pan, Vandyke, and Chester. 
Brighton: Won the Pavilion Stakes, beating Vandyke. 1809. New- 
market : Beat Chester ; beaten by A'^andyke in a match over the Beacon 
Course. 1810. Newmarket: Won the Craven Stakes. 

LADY RACHEL, a bay dau. of Stamford (by Sir Peter Teazle),— Young 
Rachel by A'olunteer (son of Eclipse), — Rachel by Highflyer, was foaled 
in 1805. Lady Rachel only ran in public upon one occasion, when she 
finished second. She was the dam of the celebrated Fleur-de-Lis. 

ELECTION, a chestnut son of Grohanna, — Chestnut Skim by Wood- 
pecker, — Silver's dam by Herod, — Young Hag by Skim, was bred by 



Tdiiioiix Horses;. 93 

Lord Egreiiiont in 1804. Principal Performances. 1807. Epsom : 
Upon his first appearance in jniblic, Election won the Derby from a field 
of twelve opponents, starting favourite at 3 — 1. 1808. Ascot : Won 
the Svvinlev Stakes. Lewes : Won the Kings's Plate — four-mile heats ; 
and the Ladies' Plate — four miles. Newmarket: Won the King's Phite; 
won the First Class of the Oatlands. 1809. Brighton: Won the Pet- 
worth Stakes. 1810. Guildford: Won the King's Plate— four-mile 
heats. Brighton : Won a four-mile Plate. Lewes : Won the King's 
Plate — four-mile heats. 

BRISEIS, a bay dau. of Beningborough, — Lady Jane by Sir Peter 
Teazle, — Paulina by Florizel, was bred by Greneral Grosvenor in 1 804. 
Principal Performances. 1807. Epsom: Won the Oaks from a field of 
twelve, start ing at 15 — 1. 1808. Nottingham: Second to Gustavus for 
the Gold Cup. 

PAULINA, a bay dau. of Sir Peter Teazle, — Peeweet by Tandem, &c., 
was bred by Earl Fitzwilliam in 1804. Principal Performances. 1807. 
Doncaster : Won the St. Leger, beating Scud, Eaton, and fourteen 
others. 1808. Doncaster: Won the Prince's Stakes. 1809. Richmond: 
Won the King's Plate — four miles — beating Thomasina. 

PAN, a chestnut son of St. George (by Highflyer), — Arethusa by Dun- 
gannon, was bred by Sir H. Williamson in 1805. Principal Perfor- 
mances. 1808. Epsom : Won the Derby, beating Vandyke, Chester, 
Rubens, and others. 1809. Newmarket, B.C. : Beat Vandyke and 
Chester. 1811. Newmarket: Won the Cheveley Stakes. 

PETRONIUS, a bay son of Sir Peter, — Louisa by Javelin (son of 
Eclipse), — a dau. of Herod, — a dau. of Snap, — Chalkstone's dam by 
Shepherd's Crab, was foaled in 1805 ; and won the St. Leger of 1808. 




Painted Ini C. Toinsoii . 



THUNDERBOLT. 



THUNDERBOLT (own brother to Smolensko), an undefeated black son 
of Sorcerer, — the black Wowski by Mentor, — Maria (dam of Waxy) by 
Herod, was bred by Su* Charles Bunbury in 1800. Thunderbolt was 
upwards of sixteen hands high, very speedy, wdth great bone and 
enormous power, and his stock were mostly good runners Principal 
Performances. 1809. Won the Newmarket Stakes (D.M.) and beat a 
field of nine over the Eowley Mile. These were the only occasions of 
Thunderbolt running in public, as he slipped up on leaving his stable one 
day and severely injured his fetlock joint. Sir Charles Bunbury having 
previously refused an offer of ."2000/. for him, 

lYIOREL, a chestnut dau. of Sorcerer, — Hornby Lass by Buzzard, — 
Puzzle by Match'em, — Princess by Herod, was bred by the Duke of 
Grafton in 1805. Principal Performances. 1808. Won the Newmarket 
Stakes, beating Chester and others. Epsom : Won the Oaks, the field 
including Goosander and Miranda. Newmiarket July : Won the Three - 
year-old Stakes, beating Chester. 1809. Newmarket : Won the October 
Trial Stakes. 1810. Newmarket: Won the First Class of the October 
Oatlands ; and the Jade Stakes (T.Y.C.). 

POPE (known also as Waxy Pope and Waxy), a bay son of Waxy, — 



Fai)io/fs Horses. 95 

Prunella by Highflyer, was bred by the Duke of (Irafton in 1800. 
Principal Performances. ISOI). Epsom: Won the Derby, Ideating Wizard, 
Salvator, and others. Newmarket: Won the LilyHoo Stakes (Ditch In.) ; 
and the Oarden Stakes (T.M.M.). 

MAID OF ORLEANS, a bay dan. of Sorcerer,— John O'Uaunt's dam by 
Pot-S-os, — Huncamunca by Highflyer, was bred by Greneral (lower in 
180(1, and won the Oaks of 1809, beating Zaida, Spindle, Chryseis, &c. 

WIZARD, a chestnut son of Sorcerer, — a dau. of Precipitate (son of 
Mercury),- — Lady Harriett by Marc Antony,— (leorgiana (sister to 
Conductor), was foaled in 180(5. Principal Performances. 1809. New- 
market : Won the Tw^o Thousand Guineas, beating Robin, Fair Star, &c. 
Epsom: Second to Pope for the Derby. 1810. Newmarket: Beat Pope 
in a match, giting away 31b. 

MANIAC, a chestnut dau. of Shuttle,— Anticipation by Bening- 
borough, — Expectation by Herod, — Skim (by the Bolton (jrrey Starling), 
was foaled in 1806. Maniac stood 15.2 ; and was of fine symmetrical 
form, with all the qualities requisite for making a good racehorse. The 
madness, however, of her temper defeated all attempts to put her abilities 
fairly to the test. She produced nineteen foals in as many successive 
seasons, including Lunatic (tlie dam of Bessy Bedlam), the Alderman, and 
Bedlamite (one of the best three-year-olds of his year). The line of the 
Shuttle mares has, in proportion to its numbers, formed the basis for a 
greater number of first class animals than any other strain, including, as 
it does, Aj^ology, Coronation, Crucifix, riladiateur, Isonomy, Kingston, 
Kisber, and Wenlock. And yet, with the exception of Maniac, no mare 
so descended has ever founded a family of renown such as credited to 
Mandane, Paradigm, Prunella, or Queen Mary. 




Painted In/ J. F. Herring, from an original picture in thr poxxixsion of the Earl of E<jremont. 
WHALEBONE. 



WHALEBONE, a mottled brown son of Waxy,— Penelope by Trum- 
pator, was l^red by the Duke of Grafton in 1S07. "The Druid," in 
"Scott and Sebright," observes — "Short legs, high-bred nostrils, and very 
prominent eyes, were the principal trade marks of the Waxy stock, and 
the mottled brown Whalebone M^as the smallest among them. The 
standard could never make him more than fifteen hands and half -an-inch ; 
and, as he did not seem likely to become fashionable (as a sire), he was 
sold at seven, for 510 guineas. His old Pet worth groom, Dryman, says 
of him that ' he was the lowest and longest and most double- jointed 
horse, with the best legs and worst feet I ever saw in my life.' The Earl 
of Egremont tried to train him after he bought him, with Octavian, at 
Mr. Ladbrooke's sale, but he never ran after he came into the Earl's 
possession. When in training his chief occupation was to rear and knock 
his hoofs together like a pair of castanettes. His hunters were good, and 
mostly bays or browns, and Myrrha and Sir Hercules were the last of his 
racing stock." His forte was more stamina than speed. Principal 



Faiiioits Horses. 97 

Performances. IS 10. Won the Newmarket Stakes. Epsom: Won the 
Derby, after making all the running, and beating The Dandy, Eceleston, 
and others. ISll. Newmarket: AVon the King's Plate (B.C.), an event 
of considerable importance at that time. 1812. Newmarket: Won the 
King's Plate again. Northampton : Won the Gold Cup. Newmarket : 
Beat Pan (winner of the Derby of ISOS) in a match over the Beacon 
Course. 1813. Guildford: Won the King's Plate. Lewes: Won the 
King's Plate, and the Ladies Plate; each four miles. Whalebone was 
sii-e of Sir Hercules, Camel, Defence, Myrrha, Moses, Lapdog, Spaniel, 
Waverley, eSjc. 

ASHTON, a bay son of Walnut (by Highflyer,— Maiden by Match'em), 
— Miss Haworth by Spadille, — a dau. of Clayhall Marske (by ]\larske, — 
a dan. of Eegulus), was bred by the Duke of Hamilton in 1800. Principal 
Performances. 1809. Doncaster: Won the St. Leger, beating Middle- 
thorpe, Lisette, Wizard, &c. ; also won the Doncaster Stakes — four miles. 
1811. York August: Won a Great Subscription — four miles. Doncaster: 
Second to Camillus for the Fitzwilliam Stakes ( Ashton's first defeat) ; and 
second to Octavian for a Sweepstakes — four miles. His last race. 

OR I AN A, a brown dau. of Beningborough, — Mary Ann by Sir Peter 
Teazle, — a dau. of Young Marske, — a dau. of Match'em, — a dau. of 
Tarquin, — a dau. of Young Belgrade, was bred by Sir W. Gerard in 1807. 
Principal Performances. 1810. Epsom: Won the Oaks upon her first 
appearance in public, beating Pirouette, Donna Clara, and eight others. 
Doncaster: Third for the St. Leger to Octavian and Eecollection. 1811, 
Newmarket : Second for the Claret Stakes. York August : Won a Great 
Subscription. Her last race. 

OCTAVIAN, a chestnut son of Stripling (by Phenomenon), — a dau. of 
Oberon, — Sister to Sharper, by Panthos (by Match'em, — a dau. of Squirt), 
was bred by the Duke of Leeds in 1807. Principal Performances. 1810. 
Doncaster: Won the St. Leger, beating Recollection, Oriana, &c. 1811. 
York August : Won a Subscription — four miles. Doncaster : Won a 
Sweepstakes — four miles — beating Ashton (winner of the St. Leger of 
1809). 1812. York August : Won a Subscription — four miles. Don- 
faster : Won a Subscription — four miles. 

HEPHESTION, a bay son of Alexander (by Eclipse),— Olivia by Justice, 
— Cypher by Squirrel, was bred by Lord Grosvenor in 1807. Principal 
Performances. 1810. Newmarket: Won the Two Thousand Guineas. 
Epsom: Unplaced for the Derby. 1811. Newmarket: Won a Sweep- 
stakes of 200 guineas each, A. P. 




Fainted hii B. Marshall . 



PHANTOM. 



PHANTOIYI, a bay son of AValton,— Julia (sister to Eleanor) by 
Whiskey, was bred by Sir John Shelley in ISOS. Principal Performances. 
1811. E^DSom (Frank Buckle): Won the Derby, beating Magic, Piival, 
Wellington, Trophonius (winner of the Two Thousand) and eleven others. 
Sir John Shelley is said to have won 9()()() guineas on this race, considered 
a marvellous thing at the time, as book-making not having then become 
a profession it was a very difficult matter to get the odds laid. Ascot : 
Beat Wellington. Newmarket : Won three matches. 181.2. New- 
market : Won a couple of matches. Phantom was the sire of Lord 
Jersey's renowned mare. Cobweb, whose dam was Filagree by Soothsayer, 
— Web by Waxy. He was also the sire of Lord Jersey's two famous 
colts, Middleton and (ilenartney, both out of Web, Middleton winning 
the Derby of 18.25, while Grlenartney ran second to Mameluke for the 
Derby of 1827, and ought to have won but for the faulty judgment of 
his rider. Enamel (winner of the Two Thousand Guineas of 1825) was 
another son of Phantom, deriving his name from the gold patches on his 
quarter. "This colt's two remarkable white stockings were well known 



F(i)iioiix Horses. 99 

to all Newmarket, and his way of nodding- his great lop-eared and Hesh- 
nosed head secured an uncommonly affectionate look out at the bushes 
for ' Old Bald}'.' " Frank Buckle, who rode Phantom in the Derby of 
ISll, was the leading jockey from about 1792 to 1S23. His first mount 
was in 1783, he being then seventeen years of age, and riding 3st 31b. 
It was no uncommon practice for him to start from Peterborough on his 
hack at an early hour of the morning for Newmarket ; and, after riding- 
a trial horse there, to reach home for a six o'clock tea, a distance of ninety- 
two miles, besides the work on the course. Buckle's seat was as firm, 
his nerve as good, his ardour and judgment as keen as ever to the last. 
He rode in most of the important matches at Newmarket, his chief 
opponent being William ArnuU ; who, in his turn, was later on con- 
fronted by James Robinson, Sam Chifney, and Patrick Conolly. 

SORCERY, a bay dau. of Sorcerer, — -Cobbea by Skyscraper, — a dau. of 
Woodj)ecker, — Heinel by Squirrel, — Principessa by Blank, — a dau. of the 
Cullen Arabian, was bred by the Duke of Rutland in 1808. Principal 
Performances. 1811. Epsom : Won the Oaks. Newmarket : Won 
the July Stakes for three-year-olds and the Second Class of the Oatlands. 
1812. Newmarket: Won the Third Class of the Oatlands. Epsom: 
Won the Gold Cup. 1813. Epsom: Second to Octavius for the Gold 
Cup. 1814. Newmarket (A.F.) : Second for the Craven Stakes in a 
field of nineteen. Won the King's Plate — three miles. 

TROPHONIUS, a black son of Sorcerer, — a dau. of Dungannon,^ — 
Flirtilla by Conductor, — Flirt by Squirrel, — Helen by Blank, was foaled 
in 1808. Principal Performances. 1811. Newmarket: Won the Two 
Thousand Guineas and the Newmarket Stakes. Epsom : Started 
favourite for the Derby, but was unplaced to Phantom and Magic. 

TRUFFLE, a bay son of Sorcerer, — Hornby Lass by Buzzard, was 
bred by Col. XJdny in 1808. Principal Performances. 1811. New- 
market : Beat Wellington, Rival, Web, Pope (winner of the Derby of 
1809), Grimalkin, &c., in various races. 




SOOTHSAYER. 



SOOTHSAYER, a chestnut son of Sorcerer, — Goldenlocks by Delpini, — 
Violet by Sharke, was foaled in 1808. Principal Performances. 1811. 
Doncaster : Won the St. Leger, beating Aniadis de Gaul, Scamp, Bobtail, 
Peverley, Magic, and others. Soothsayer was sold after the race to 
Lord Foley. Also won the Doncaster Stakes — four miles. 1812. New- 
market (A.F.) : Beat Grimalkin. 1813. Newmarket: Beat Phantom 
(winner of the Derby of 1811) in a match of 500 guineas. This was 
Soothsayer's last appearance on the turf. He was the sire of Lord 
Jersey's Filagree (the dam of Cobweb, Trampoline, and Eiddlesvvorth), 
of Literpreter (winner of the Two Thousand Guineas, &c.), of Tiresias 
(winner of the Derby of 1819), &c., &c. 

COPENHAGEN (the Duke of Wellington's charger at Waterloo), a 
chestnut son of Meteor, — Lady Catherine by John Bull, — a dau. of the 
Duke of Rutland's Arabian, — a hunting mare three parts thoroTighbred, 
was foaled in 1808. Principal Performances. 1811. Newmarket : Beat 
Bro. to Spaniard in a match. Huntingdon : Beat Huntingdon and 
Cressida (dam of Priam). After the peace of 1815, Copenhagen was 
turned into the rich pastures of Strath field say e, where he roamed at will 
until his death. 



Favw>/-s Horses. 101 

WOFUL, a bay brother to Whalebone, AVeb, Wire, and AVhisker (all 
bred by the Duke of Grafton) was foaled in 1 809. Principal Performances. 
181.2. NeT\Tnarket : Beat Tooley, Trophonius, and Hamlet. 1814. 
Newmarket (D.I.) : Beat Grimalkin. Woful was sire of Lord Exeter's 
famous mare, Augusta (dam of his chestnut filly, Acacia, by Phantom ; 
and of his Lordship's equally famous chestnut colt, Augustus, by Sultan). 

OCTAVIUS, a brown son of Orville,— Marianne by Mufti,— Maria by 
Telemachus, — A-la-Grecque by Regulus, was foaled in 1809. Principal 
Performances. 181. '2. Epsom : Won the Derby from a field of thirteen, 
which included Manuella. 1813. Goodwood: Won the Gold Cup. 

OTTERINGTON, a bay son of Golumpus (by Gohanna, — Catherine by 
Woodpecker, — Camilla by Trentham),— a dau. of Expectation, — Calabria 
by Spadille, — a dau. of Alfred, was foaled in 1809. Principal Per- 
formances. 181.2. After running once or twice very indifferently, 
Otterington came out and carried off the Doncaster St. Leger from 23 
opponents. 3 — 1 Manuella, 9 — 2 Catton, 50 — 1 Otterington, who never 
won another race, and indeed performed most wretchedly afterwards. 

CWRW, a brown son of Dick Andrews, — Lady Charlotte by Buzzard, — 
Calash by Herod, was bred by Lord Darlington in 1809. Upon his first 
appearance in public Cwrw won the Two Thousand Guineas of 1812, 
beating Cato, Octavius, and four others. 

MANUELLA, a bay dau. of Dick Andrews, — Mandane by Pot-8-os, was 
foaled in 1809. Principal Performances. 1812. Epsom: Unplaced for 
the Derby won by Octavius. Won the Oaks, beating Elizabeth and ten 
others. 11 — 10 on Elizabeth, 20 — 1 Manuella. Doncaster: Unplaced 
for the St. Leger. Manuella was the dam of Memnon, Belzoni, Memphis, 
Nitocris, Belshazzar, &c. 

ELIZABETH, a brown dau. of Orville, — Pennj'trumpet, by Trumpator, — 
Young Camilla, M^as bred by the Duke of Rutland in 1809. Principal 
Performances. 1812. Epsom : Second for the Oaks to Manuella. Ascot: 
Won a Sweep of 200 guineas each. Newmarket Second October : Won 
the Thousand Guineas, then apparently run for in the autumn ; and the 
race was for both colts and fillies. These were the only three occasions 
of her running. 




Painted by J. F. Herring. 



CATTON, a bay son of Golumpus, — Lucy Grey by Timothy, — Lucy 
by Florizel, — Frenzy by Eclipse, was bred by the Earl of Scarborough in 
LS09. Principal Performances. 1812. Doncaster : Not placed for the 
Great St. Leger. 1813. York: Won the King's Plate — four miles. 
1814. York, four miles: Won the Great Subscription; and, on the 
following day, won the Second Great Subscription. Doncaster : Won the 
Eitzwilliam Stakes, beating Tramp and others; and also won the 
Doncaster Stakes. 1815. York Spring: Won the Gold Cup. York 
August : Beat Altisidora and A^iscount ; and won the Great Subscription, 
beating Altisidora again. Won the Doncaster Stakes, four miles — beating 
Altisidora, 1816. York Spring : Won the Gold Cup. Newcastle: Won 
the Gold Cup. Doncaster : Won the Doncaster Stakes. 

PERICLES, a very dark brown son of Evander, — a dau. of Precipitate 
(by Mercury), — Sister to Osprey by Highflyer, — a dau. of Old Snap, — a 
dau. of Lord Orford's Bay Barb, — a dau. of Bartlett's Childers, was foaled 
in 1809. Pericles stood a trifle over 16 hands and was full of quality. 



Faii/oif-s Horses. 103 

Priiicij)al Performances. 1813. Stamford: Won the Grokl Cup— four 
miles. Canterbury: Won the Kmg's Plate. 1814. Newmarket: Won 
the First Class of the Oatlands (Ditch In), and the Garden Stakes 
(T MM.), beating Don Cossack and others. 1815. Newmarket: Beaten 
bj Don Cossack for the Jockey Club Plate (B.C.) after a dead heat. 
Walked over for the Whip. 

SIVIOLENSKO, a black brother to Thunderbolt (by Sorcerer), was bred 
by Sir Charles Bunbury in 1810. Principal Performances. 1813. 
Newmarket : AYon the Two Thousand Guineas, beating- Music (who 
afterwards won the Oaks), Phosphor, and others. Also won the New- 
market Stakes, beating Scheherazade, Onyx, Music, &c. Epsom : Won 
the Derby easily, beating Caterpillar, Illusion, Solyman, and others. 
" The moment Smolensko appeared there was a burst, of admiration on all 
sides. His fine eye, the splendid synnnetry of his limbs, the grace and 
power of his action, and his perfect docility, became in turn the subject of 
comment and approbation." Egham : Won the Magna Charta Stakes. 
It is somewhat remarkable that Smolensko and Caterpillar were both out 
of Mentor mares ; also that the first three in the Oaks of 1813 were all by 
Waxy, and that T. Goodwin rode the winners of both Derby and Oaks. 
Prior to the Derby Sir Charles Bunbury refused 5000 guineas for 
Smolensko. 

MUSIC, a bay dau. of Waxy,- — Woodbine by Woodpecker, — Puzzle by 
Match'em, was bred by the Duke of Grafton in 1810. Principal Perfor- 
mances. 1813. Newmarket: Second to Smolensko for the .2000 Guineas. 
Epsom : Won the Oaks, beating Vulpecula, Wilful, &c. 

ALTISIDORA, a chestnut dau. of Dick Andrews, — Mandane by 
Pot- 8 -OS, was foaled in 1810. Principal Performances. 1813. Don- 
caster: Won the Great St. Leger, beating Camelopard, Tiger, &c. 1814. 
York : Beat Camelopard at even weights ; and, at the same meeting, beat 
Catton. Doncaster : Beat Camelopard over the four-mile course. 1815. 
York : Won the Great Subscription. Doncaster : Won the Fitzwilliam 
Stakes ; but was beaten by Catton in the Doncaster Stakes. 




/ '"/ ''. Toinsoii. 



TRAMP, a bay son of Dick Andrews, — a dau. of Gohanna, — Flaxinella 
by Trentham, — a dau. of Woodpecker, — Everkisting by Eclipse, was 
foaled in 1810. " The Druid," in "Scott and Sebri.cvlit," observes— " It 
was quite a curiosity to see Dick Andrews with his giraffe-like neck eat 
from the top of the rack. In ugliness of ears and head altogether he was 
unrivalled, and so light was he in the body as to require very little 
training. Tramp, like all the tribe, was very narrow when young ; but 
he gradually became one of the grandest boned and grandest-looking 
borses in England, well worthy to be the sire of the renowned Lottery." 
Tramp was a nice level horse, standing just fifteen hands and two inches 
high, being long and low, and rather straight in his back : of all his sons 
Tyke resembled him the most. Tramp was a wonderful four-mile horse, 
and the Subscription Purse at York, in 1814, when Prime Minister (a 
son of Sancho) only just beat him, produced greater excitement than had 
ever been known on the Knavesmire. John Jackson, on Tramp, forced 
the pace round the bason-turn; but, by the wood. Shepherd (on Prime 
Minister) headed him again; however. Tramp got the lead, and cries of, 



FamoHx Hoixcs. 105 

" Now Tramp ! " " Now Minister I " rent the air. i^ifty yards from 
home Shepherd got the Minister's nose in front, and increased it to half- 
a-length, by which distance he won. Until he possessed Bkicklock, Mr. 
Watt would never keep a stallion, and so he parted with Tramp for 300/. 
His new owner kept him for two years, and then sold him for 1400/. A 
cross between Tramp and a Whisker mare produced Liverpool, bred In' 
Mr. Watt. Tramp was very successful as a stallion ; for, at the time of 
his death, the total value of the stakes won by his stock amounted to 
67,501/. 5^'. Among these we find two winners of the Derby (St. Giles 
and Dangerous), one of the St. Leger (Barefoot), and two of the Whip 
(Zinganee and Little Eed Rover). In the month of December, LS35, poor 
old Tramp, worn out with age, was shot at How Bridge farm, near 
Malton. Joe Andrews (Tramp's grandsire) died, in obscurity, many 
years before his son Dick made his blood famous through Altisidora, 
Manuella, and Tramp. Dick Andrews was a narrow horse, with a long- 
lean head and neck, but showed great breeding. Principal Performances 
of Tramp. 1814: Won the Cups at York, Beverley, and Pontefract.' 
Doncaster : Won the Prince's Stakes — four miles, and the Doncaster Cup, 
beating Camelopard. 

CANNON BALL, a bay son of Sancho, — a dau. of Weathercock (by 
Ruler), — Cora by Match'em, was foaled in 1810. Principal Performances. 
1815. Newmarket: Won the Oatlands. Bibury: Won the Cup, beating 
Pyramus (winner this year of Gold Cups at Bath, Winchester, and 
Oxford). 1816. Newmarket: Won the Oatlands. Beat Anticipation 
(winner this year of the Ascot Cup). Newmarket : Beat Tigris (winner 
of the Two Thousand Guineas of 1815). 1817. Newmarket (B.C.): 
Beat Anticipation. 1818. Newmarket: Won the Oatlands, the Jockey 
Club Plate, and the King's Plate, B.C., carrying 1.2st. .21b. 1819. New- 
market : Won the Craven Stakes, the King's Plate, and the Jockey Club 
Plate, beating Wouvermans and Sam (winner of the Derby of 1818.) 

ML) LEY, a brown son of Orville, — Eleanor by Whiskey, was bred by 
Sir Charles Bunbury in 1810, Muley did not shine very conspicuously 
on the turf : but will be remembered as the sire of Margrave (winner of 
the St. Leger), Muley Moloch (sire of Alice Hawthorn), Little Wonder 
(winner of the Derby), Vespa (winner of the Oaks), &c. Muley was 
considered to have larger bone and greater muscular power than any 
thoroughbred stallion in England. 




J'aintcd by J. F. Herring. 



PARTISAN. 



PARTISAN, a bright bay son of Walton, — Parasol by Pot-8-os, was 
bred by the Duke of Grafton in ISll. Partisan stood 15.2, and was 
very muscular in form without heaviness. As a three-year-old his 
performances were by no means promising ; as, by reason of the 
severity of the preceding winter, it was not possible to get him into 
anything like racing condition ; and thus his true form was not 
ascertained until the following year when, as a four-year old, he showed 
to great advantage. Speed was his special forte. " Partisan was a 
beautiful short-legged horse, with a lovely head, straight hocks, and a 
somewhat clubby off fore-foot. The trainers of his day, one and all, were 
wont to refer to him with much fondness, as being like a piece of 
machinery in his action. Venison, if not the best, was certainly the 
gamest of all his sons ; but that little horse could never do himself 
justice, as his very long and sweeping action unfitted him for forcing the 
running, as he was often obliged to do. Gladiator, another of his 
distinguished sons, was a very blood-like dark chestnut, very delicate, and 
requiring great care in his preparation. With Bay Middleton out of the 
way he would have won the Derby, and he never ran again, being 



Fa)H()N-s Jlor.se-s. 107 

eventually sold for .OOOU guineas and sent to France. For Sweetmeat's 
sake alone lie was worth all the money, and even more ; for he left us 
Queen Mary, the dam of Blink Bonny, and grand-dam of Caller Ou. 
Pai'tisan w^as also the sire of Mameluke and Glaucus, a quartette worthy 
to rank Avith the Whalebones." Another son of his, Patron, won the 
Two Thousand Guineas ; and a daughter, Cyprian, won the Oaks. 

OLIVE, a bay son of Sir Oliver (by Sir Peter Teazle),- — Scotina by 
Delpini, — Scota by Eclipse, — Harmony by Herod, — Rutilia by Blank, 
was bred by Lord Egremont in 1811. Principal Performances. 1814. 
Newmarket : Won the Two Thousand Guineas — fourteen runners, 
including Mulatto, Spectre, Thunderbolt, Medora, and Magician. This 
was his only win. 

BLUCHER, a bay son of Waxy, — Paulina by Buzzard, — a dau. of 
Trentham, — Sister to Drone, was bred by the Duke of Grafton in 1811. 
Principal Performances. 1814. Won the Newmarket Stakes. Epsom: 
Won the Derby. " This race excited unusual interest, the sporting 
world being much divided in opinion as to the respective merits of the 
horses. The Haphazard Colt (who ran second to Olive in the Two 
Thousand Guineas) made the running at a very severe pace, and was 
never headed till within a very few strides of home, when Will Arnull, on 
Blucher, challenged, and, after a desperate struggle, won by a neck, all 
the rest being beaten off. The pace all through was tremendous." 

lYIEDORA, a chestnut dau. of Selim, — a dau. of Sir Harry, — a dau. of 
Volunteer (by Eclipse), — a dau. of Herod, — Goldengrove by Blank, — 
Spmster by Old Partner, was bred by the Duke of Eutland in 1811. 
Principal Performances. 1814. Newmarket : Not placed for the Two 
Thousand Guineas won by Olive. Third for the One Thousand Guineas 
to Charlotte and Vestal. Epsom (Sam Barnard) : W^on the Oaks, beating 
Vestal, Wire, and others. Ascot : Won the Windsor Forest Stakes, and 
the Billingbear Stakes. Medora was the dam of Gulnare (winner of the 
Oaks of 1827), of Posthuma, Pucelle, and several other good runners. 

WILLIAM, a bay son of Governor (by Trumpator), — a dau. of 
Spadille, — a dau. of Dungannon, — Pastorella by Otho, — Diomed's dam, 
w^as bred by the Duke of Hamilton in 1811 ; and won the St. Leger 
of 1814. 




J. F. Herring. 



DOCTOR SYNTAX. 



DOCTOR SYNTAX, a brown son of Paynator (by Trumpator), — a dau. 
of Benin gborough, — Jenny Mole by Carbuncle (son of Babraliam Blank), 
— a dau. of Prince T'Quassa (son of Snip), — a dau. of Regulus, a dau. of 
Old Partner, was bred by H. Osbaldeston, Esq. in 1811. " ' The Doctor ' 
as they so fondly termed him in the north, was in every way a very 
remarkable horse to look at, being barely fifteen hands high, very broad 
at the base of the nose, with an eye full and bright as a hawk's, a high 
drooping rump, and short quarters. He was very short in his coat, 
which was mouse-coloured. A slight canter would bring out his veins 
so strongly that he looked as if covered with network. He had splendid 
legs, and a strong muscular head ; but could never bear either whip or 
spur. Bob Johnson could always get every ounce out of him by merely 
stroking and talking to him. Bill Scott, who rode him in four of his 
races, used to hiss at him furiously." (From " The Druid.") Dr. Syntax 
won the Cup at Preston in seven successive years, commencing in 1815 ; 
also the Cups at Eichmond and Lancaster, each no less than five times ; 
in addition to various other Cups and races, and winning altogether on 
thirty-two occasions. 

PRUDENCE, a brown dau. of Waxy, — Prunella by Highflyer, was 



Famous Horses. 109 

bred by the Duke of Grafton in 1811 ; and was one of the most highly- 
prized of his brood mares. She was never trained for racing, but was the 
dam of the following excellent runners — viz. : Rowena by Haphazard 
(winner of the 1000 Gruineas, and second to Lord Egremont's Caroline, by 
Whalebone, in the Oaks of 18.20) ; Reginald by Haphazard (winner of 
the Two Thousand Guineas, and second to Gustavus for the Derby of 
18.21) ; Rebecca by Soothsayer (winner in 1824 at Newmarket of the 
Riddlesworth Stakes of 200 guineas each, value 2000 guineas; of the 
Dinner Stakes of 300 guineas each, beating the Derby winner Cedric ; 
second to Cobweb for the 1000 Guineas, and third to Cobweb for the Oaks) ; 
Rufus, by Election (winner, in 1825, of the Riddlesworth Stakes, and 
second to Middleton for the Derby of 1825. The defeat of Rufus by 
Middleton caused great sensation in sporting circles, his victory in the 
minds of many being well assured, notwithstanding Lord Jersey's dark 
colt started first favourite) ; Roderick, by Rubens, foaled in 1824 ; 
Ronald, by Centaur, foaled in 1826 ; and RujDert, by Emilius, foaled 
in 1827, all of whom were very fair performers, but not fortunate as 
winners. 

FILHO DA PUTA, a brown son of Haphazard, — Mrs. Barnett by 
Waxy, — a dau. of Woodpecker, — Heinel by Squirrel, was foaled on the 
14th April, 1812. Filho da Puta was fully sixteen hands high, and as 
good as he looked ; but, like Touchstone, he went very wide behind when 
galloping. Principal Performances. 1815. Doncaster : Won the St, 
Leger, and the Club Stakes. Richmond : Won the Cup, beating Dr. 
Syntax. 1810. Newmarket (R.M.) : Giving 71b., was beaten a neck by 
Sir Joshua in a match for 1000 sovs., run during a heavy fall of snow. 
Filho was beaten in consequence of his suddenly rearing at the starting 
post, and losing thereby several lengths, which he could not recover. It 
was also said that, on coming down Pushes Hill, he slipped and nearly 
fell. Doncaster : Won the Cup. 




WHISKER. 



WHISKER, a rich bay son of Wux}', — Penelope by Trumpator, was 
bred by the Duke of Grrafton in 1812 ; and this union of the Darley, 
Byerley, and Grodolphin strains may be looked upon as almost the founda- 
tion of the superlative excellence of the English thoroughbred ; for nearly 
every modern racehorse of special quality claims descent from either 
Whisker or his brother Whalebone. In early times the northern and 
southern breeds of horses were kej^t very distinct, and Whisker was the 
first of the southern cracks to go north. "In general appearance 
Whisker was as near perfection as a horse could be ; and his blood 
descended, through The Colonel and Chatham, to Woolwich (who was a 
perfect wonder over a distance of ground) ; and, through Economist, to 
Harkaway and his son, King Tom. Irrespective of Emma, the Whisker 
mares were always of an uncommon stamp. Liverpool, Tearaway, 
Euclid, Knight of the Whistle, The Era, Mango, Mundig, Cother- 
stone. Meteor, Mowerina, and Theon were all of them out of Whisker's 
daughters ; and the famous mare Catherina, who survived all the others, 
dying at the age of thirty-two, ran in 171 races." (From " The Druid.") 



¥(i ))/ o Ns ]/() I sr.s . Ill 

Principal Performances. 1815. Newmarket: Not placed for the Two 
Thousand Gruineas won by Tigris. Second for the Newmarket Stakes to 
Busto. Epsom (T. (xoodison) : Won the Derby. " At the furzes 
Raphael and Whisker joined the leaders, Busto still leading, a position he 
maintained to within .:?()() yards of home, where Raphael came up and 
deprived him of the lead ; but was, on the instant, challenged by 
Whisker. These two ran locked together till about four strides from the 
winning-post, when Whisker got his head in front ; and, despite John 
Jackson's strenuous efforts on Raphael, won a magnificent race by half-a- 
head, Busto being only a neck behind Raphael. Jackson was thrown off 
just after passing the chair, but sustained no injury. 1810. New- 
market : Won the Port Stakes ; and, in receipt of 01b., beat Sir Joshua in 
a match (A.F.). 

IVIINUET, a bay dau. of Waxy, — ^Woodbine by Woodpecker, was bred 
by the Duke of Grafton in 181.2. Principal Performances. 1814. 
Newmarket: Won the July Stakes — thirteen runners. 1815. New- 
market : Second for the One Thousand (luineas. Epsom : Won the 
Oaks, beating Mouse, Nadedja, Zora, and others. 1810. Newmarket: 
AYon the Trial Stakes, beating Discord, Perchance, Hersham, Tigris, 
Osman, Busto, and others. 1817. Newmarket: Won the King's Plate, 
last three miles of the Beacon Course. 

SIR JOSHUA, a chestnut son of Rubens, — Sister to Haphazard by Sir 
Peter Teazle, was foaled in 181.2. Principal Performances. 1815. 
Newmarket: Won the Riddles worth Stakes (Ab.M.), beating Zora, 
Raphael, &c. Sir Joshua was backed for the Derby by his owner. Lord 
Greorge Cavendish, to win an enormous stake ; but unfortunately caught 
cold while on his journey from Newmarket to Epsom on foot, and was 
unable to start. He afterwards proved himself a better horse than the 
winner, Whisker. Second to Quinola for the Newmarket St. Leger, 
beating Whisker, Erolic, Anticipation, and eight others. Won the 
Second Class of the Oatlands. Beat Quinola in a match at even weights 
over the T.Y.C. Beat Whisker (in receipt of 41b.) in a match A. P. In 
receipt of 71b. beat Eilho da Puta in a match for 1000 guineas, R.M. 
Beaten by Whisker (in receipt of 01b.) in a match A.F. 




lit d I U J 1 IIi-ll ilHI, Si It. 



GIBSIDE FAIRY. 



GIBSIDE FAIRY, a very dark bay dan. of Hermes (son of Mercnry), — 
Vicissitude by Pipator, — Beatrice by Sir Peter Teazle, — Pyrrha by 
Matcb'eni, was bred by the Earl of Strathmore, of Streatlam Castle and 
<Tibside Park, Durham, in 1811. Pipator and Queen Mab were 
originally located at Esher, Queen Mab being the nursing mother of the 
stud at that place. Foaled when her dam was twenty-seven. Queen Mab 
was the youngest of the ten chestnuts, live colts and five fillies, which the 
famous Old Tartar Mare threw to Eclipse — Jupiter and Mercury being 
two of the ten. Queen Mab was trained both at Epsom and Newmarket, 
Init she never started. She stood about 14.3, and was both thick and 
lengthy, with a white mane and tail, and wide drooping ears. Gfibside 
Fairy carried Emma (the dam of Mundig and Cotherstone) just one year 
and one day. Emma was also the grand-dam of West Australian ; and 
both she and Gribside Fairy were two famous brood mares in the stud of 
John Bowes, Esq. On the Turf Emma ran respectably, but did not 
achieve great success, resembling in this respect several other renowned 



Famous Horses. 113 

BelgTiivian mothers ; — to wit^Maiidane, Marpessa, Pocahontas, Queen 
Mary, &c. Gibside Fairy was also the dam of Maria (sister to Emma) 
l)y Whisker, who was the dam of Euclid by Emilius, and of several other 
i>'ood racers, (libside Fairy ran but once, when she was successful in 
a two-year-old race at Catterick Bridgfe. 

TIGRIS, a chestnut son of Quiz, — Persepolis by Alexander,— Sister to 
I'ickle Toby by Alfred, was bred by Lord lions in 1812 ; and won the 
Two Thousand Cruineas Stakes of 1815 ; the King's Plate at Ipswich in 
1816 ; the King's Plate at Newmarket in 1817 ; and several other races 
and matches. 

RAPHAEL, a bay son of Rubens, — Iris by Brush, — a dan. of Herod, — 
Doctor's Sister by (loldtinder, — Compton Barb, — Pegulus — Fox, &c., was 
bred by Greneral Lord Grower in 181.2, and ran Whisker to half-a-head for 
the Derby of 1815, the field also including Busto, Equator, and Quinola. 

ANTICIPATION, a chestnut son of Hambletonian, — Hyale by 
Phenomenon, was foaled in 1812. Anticipation won the Ascot Grold 
Cup in 1816 and 1819, besides many other races, beating some of the 
best and stoutest horses of his day. 

ZORA, a chestnut dan. of Selim, — Zoraida by Don Quixote, — Lady 
Cow by John Bull, was foaled in 1812. Principal Performances. 1815. 
Newmarket : Second to Sir Joshua for the Riddlesworth Stakes, beating 
Raphael and others ; beat Anticipation, and ran third for the Newmarket 
Stakes to Busto and Whisper. 

NECTAR, a bay son of Walton, — L'Huile de Venus by Whiskey,— 
a dau. of Pot-8-os, — Maid of All Work by Highflyer, was foaled in 1813. 
Principal Performances. 1816. Newmarket: Won the Riddlesworth 
Stakes ; and the Two Thousand Guineas, the field including Milton, 
Bol^adil, Ariel, and Domino. Epsom : Second for the Derby to Prince 
Leopold. Newmarket : Beat Skim and Quinola in matches. 1817. 
Newmarket : Beat Prince Leopold (the winner of the Derby) in a match 
at even weights (Ab.M.). Also beat Castrella in a match. These were 
the only times of his running, so that he may be put down as the best 
horse of his year. He was ultimately exported to Russia. 










I'niidul I, II Alini/iinii Cvoj,, 



RHODA, a bay dau. of Asparagus (by Pot-S-os, — a dau. of Justice, — 
Marianne by Squirrel, — Miss Meredith by Cade), — Rosabella by Whiskey, 
— a dau. of Diomed, — Harriet by Match'em, — Flora by Regulus, was 
bred by the Duke of Rutland in 1S13. Principal Performances. 181G. 
Newmarket (Sam Chifney) : Won the One Thousand (luineas. Epsom : 
Not placed in the Oaks won by Landscape. 1817. Newmarket: Beat 
Minuet, Anticipation, Brush, lV^c. Leicester: Won the Cup. 1818. 
Chelmsford : Won the King's Plate, and the Cup. Newmarket (B.C.) : 
Beat Cannon Ball, Skim, and David. 1819. Brighton (9st. 31b.) : Won 
100 guineas after running /b^'^r two-mile heats, beating Manfred, Skim, 
Enchantress and others. Northampton: A¥on the County Plate. 1820. 
Northampton : Won the Town Plate. 

BOURBON, a bay son of Sorcerer, — a grey dau. of Precipitate, — a dau. 
of Highflyer, — Tiffany by Eclipse, was bred by Lord Lowther in 1811. 
Principal Performances. 1814. Newmarket : Won the Second Class of 
the Oatlands (R.M.). 1815. Newmarket: AVon the Claret Stakes, and 
the Third Class of the Oatlands. 1816. Newmarket: Won the Craven 
Stakes, beating Aladdin, Osman, Castanet, Bachelor, Sir Christopher, 



Famous Horses. 1 1 5 

Crusli, Zuleika, and a. large field ; and also beat Sir Thomas, Quinola, 
and Wliisker over the Ditch Mile. 1817. Newmarket: Won the Trial 
Stakes from a good field, including Alcohol, Wanderer, and Minuet. 

PRINCE LEOPOLD, a bay son of Hedley (by Sir Peter,— Catherine b^/ 
Woodpecker), — (Iramarie by Sorcerer, — a dau. of Sir Peter Teazle,— 
Deceit by Tandem, was bred by H.P.H. the Duke of York in 1813. 
Principal Performances. 181G. Epsom: Prince Leopold won the Derby 
upon his first appearance in public, the field including Nectar, Skim, and 
Expectation. 1817. Newmarket : Won the Port Stakes, beating Nectar, 
but was beaten by Nectar in a match (Ab.M.). 

LANDSCAPE (sister to Ilaphael), a bay dau. of EubenS;, was bred by 
General Lord (lower in 1813. Principal Performances. 181G. Epsom: 
Upon her first appearance in public Landscape won the Oaks, beating 
Duenna and others. The Derby and Oaks of this year were, therefore, 
each won by " dark " candidates, a most unusual occurrence. Ascot : Won 
a Sweepstakes of 200 guineas each; but failed to give 71b. to Duenna, with 
Expectation and Elector third and fourth. Landscape ran on these three 
occasions only. 

THE DUCHESS, a bay dau. of Cardinal York (by Sir Peter),— Miss 
Nancy by Beningborough, — a dau. of Euler, — a dau. of Pitz-Herod, — a 
dau. of Young Cade, — a dau. of Eegulus, was foaled in 1813. Principal 
Performances. 1816. Pontefract : Won the Gold Cup. Doncaster : Won 
the Great St. Leger, beating Captain Candid, Pasping, and others. 
1817. Pontefract : Won the Cup. Doncaster: Beat Blacklock ; and also 
won the Doncaster Stakes. Richmond : Won the Cup, beating Dr. 
Syntax. 1818. York Spring : Won the Cup. York August: Won the 
Great Subscription — four miles. 1819. Newcastle : Won the Cup. 




Painted liy C. Tonison. 



BLACKLOCK. 



BLACK LOCK, a bay son of Wliitelock, — Eosalincl by Coriander, — 
Wildgouse by Highflyer, — Co-Heiress by Pot-8-os, — Manilla by Gold- 
finder, was bred by Mr. Ivirby, of York, in 1814, and sold to Richard 
Watt, Esq., of Bishop Burton, in 1815. "Mr. Eeed had the ofPer of 
Blacklock for 50/. ; but he neither liked his forelegs nor the recollection 
of his dam when he saw her crawling past his windows in York on her 
way to the stables of Mr. Moss, who had bought her for 3/. Blacklock's 
most desperate race was the four miles over York Course with Magistrate, 
whom he defeated by half-a-head. The severity of the running, however, 
finished them both. Magistrate never ran again; and, after his defeat on 
the following da}^ by St. Helena, Blacklock was saddled no more. The 
famous mare. The Duchess, by Cardinal York, led Blacklock in most of 
his exercise gallops ; and, on one occasion, Tom Peirse exclaimed, in his 
anguish, when he saw the great half -moon head and seven-league stride 
of Blacklock at work, ' Father's going to kill the mare with that half- 
thick of a horse.' Wm. Peirse, Tom's father, trained both The Duchess 
and Blacklock." Principal Performances. 1817. Doncaster : Ran 
second in the Great St. Leger to Ebor. Tommy Sykes, Mr. Watt's 



stiicI-gTooni, was so eontident i^lacklock would win, that his only orders 
to Jackson were, " Ride him as thou lik'st, only lay thee hands down, and 
let him stride along, and he'll distance the lot ; look oot for me at the 
distance-post, and I'll tell thee then what to do." At the distance, where 
Blacklock had a three-lengths' lead, Sykes shouted out — " Pull till'em, 
John, pull till'em, thou hast it all thy own way," words which also fell 
on the ear of Bob Johnson, who instantly pulled Ebor on one side that 
Jackson might not see him, and snapped him on the post by a head. 
Sykes was frantic with rage ; and, from that moment, never ceased 
scheming to procure Jackson's dismissal from Mr. Watt's service, in 
which he eventually succeeded. But for Sykes's interference, Blacklock 
would have won very easily. Won the (lascoigne Stakes, beating St. 
Helena. 1818. Doncaster -. Won the Doncaster Stakes — four miles; 
and in another race beat Rasping, who had, on the previous day, won the 
Cup. 1819. York Spring: Won the Cup. York August: Won the 
Great Subscription, beating The Duchess and St. Helena. Blacklock was 
sire of Velocipede, Voltaire, Brutandorf, and a host of other winners, 
sires, and brood mares ; and through A^oltaire comes the line of Voltigeur, 
Vedette, Galopin, and St. Simon. In the pedigree of Blacklock are 
eighteen crosses of the Godolphin Arabian, sixteen of the Darley Arabian, 
sixteen of the Byerley Turk, and twenty of the Lister Turk, the latter 
being due to the fact that Eclipse alone showed five strains of this cele- 
brated sire. In 1894 the winning descendants of Blacklock numbered 
100, who appropriated between them '1()\ races of the aggregate value of 
76,770/. 10.s\ 

AZOR, a chestnut son of Selini (by Buzzard), — Zoraida by Don 
Quixote (son of Eclipse), — Lady Cow by John Bull, was foaled in 1814, 
and won the Derby of 1817, beating Young Wizard, Manfred, Waterloo, 
&c. 

NEVA, a bay dau. of Cervantes, — Mary by Sir Peter, — a dau. of 
Diomed, — Desdemona by Marske, — Young Hag by Skim, was foaled in 
1814. Principal Performances. 1817. Newmarket First Spring : Upon 
her first appearance in public Neva won the One Thousand Guineas 
Stakes. Epsom : Won the Oaks, beating Amabel, &c. 




I-ii.ii,to.l h,j J. 11. Mildu'U. 



REVELLER. 



REVELLER, a bay son of Comiis (by Sorcerer), — Eosette by Bening- 
borough, — Kosamond b}' Tandem, — Tuberose by Herod, was foaled in 
1815. Reveller was a thick -necked liorse, with very square hips and 
short ribs. He was a fine goer, and always ran with his head down. 
" His defeat of Doctor Syntax for the Cup at Preston (which the Doctor 
had won for seven years in succession, and against all comers) astonished 
the Preston ites even more than did the defeat of Bee's -wing for the 
Northumberland Plate confound and amaze the Northumbrians." 
Principal Performances. 1818. Doncaster (Robert Johnson) : Won the 
Grreat St. Leger. 1819. York August, four miles: Won the Great 
Subscription. Doncaster: Won the Doncaster Stakes. 1820. York 
August : Won the (Ireat Subscription. 1821. Lancaster : Won the 
(toM Cup. York August : AVon the Grreat Subscription. Lincoln : 
Won the Cup. IS.^^. Won the Cups at Lancaster and Preston. 

EBOR, a bay son of Orville, — Constantia by Walnut,— Contessina by 
Young Marske, — Tuberose by Herod, was foaled in 1814, and won 
the Doncaster St. Leger of 1817. 

SAIYI, a chestnut son of Scud (l)y Beningborough), — Hyale by 



Faiiioiii< llor^e-s. 119 

Pbenomenon, was foaled in 1^15, and won the Derby of 1818 — the 
Held inehidino- Sorcerer colt and Prince Paul. 

lYIANFRED, a bay son of Election,— Miss Wasp by Waxy,— Trumpetta 
by Triini])ator, — Pfggy by Herod, was foaled in 1814. Upon his 
first appearance in public Manfred won the Two Thousand Guineas 
of 1817. 

CORINNE, a dau. of AVaxy, — Briseis by Beningborough, was bred by 
General Gros venor in 1 8 1 5 . Principal Performances . 1818. Newmarket : 
Won the One Thousand Guineas — seven runners. Epsom : Won the 
Oaks — ten runners. Ascot : Second for the Tent Stakes to Prince Paul. 

INTERPRETER, a bay son of Soothsayer, — Blowing by Buzzard, — 
a dau. of Pot-8-os, — Maid of All Work by Highflyer, was bred by 
Lord Foley in 1815. Principal Performances. 1818. Newmarket: 
Second to Prince Paul. Won the Two Thousand Guineas — nine runners. 
Beat Corinne in a match (Ab.M.). Isl9. Newmarket (D.M.) : Beat 
Wouvermans, Sovereign, Little Dick and Eanksborough. Interpreter's 
last race. 

ANTAR, a bay son of Haphazard, — Cressida (sister to Eleanor) by 
Whiskey, was bred by Sir John Shelley in 1816. Principal Performances. 
1819. Newmarket: Won the Two Thousand Guineas — six runners. 
Won the Stocken Hall Stakes of '200 guineas each, and beat Boniface in 
a match. 18.20. Newmarket, 3rd April : Won the Craven Stakes (A.F.). 
The Craven Stakes of 10 guineas each, weight for age, was almost 
invariably contested by large fields of good horses. Won the Garden 
Stakes and the Audley End Stakes. 1821. Brighton: Won the Gold 
Cup. 




1-aiKt.d hu J. /■'. Jl 



SULTAN, a hay son of Selim, — Baccliante by Ditto (bro. to Walton by 
Sir Peter Teazle), — Sister to Calomel by Mercury (son of Eclipse), — a 
dan. of Herod,— Folly by Marske, — Vixen by Eegulus, — a dan. of 
Hntton's Spot, — a dan. of Bay Bolton, — a dan. of Fox Cub, — a dau. of 
Coneyskins, was foaled in 181(). A contributor to the " Old Sporting 
Magazine '* says : — " I saw Sultan run all his races ; but, if defeated, I 
never saw him run a jaded, shuffling, spirit-broken horse. He had his 
favourite courses, in which, though carrying very heavyweights, he never 
had his ecpial. From the high form which Sultan showed in the Derby, 
he speedily rose into high favour for the Doncaster St. Leger. A few days, 
however, before that event came off, Avith the betting only 3 to 1 against 
him, in taking his morning gallop over the course he unfortunately broke 
down, and was with difficulty got into Mr. Maw's stables at Bellevue, 
adjoining the course. The consternation that ensued bars all words, and 
cuts description short." "The Druid" writes — " When Sultan of the 
lovely head, long back ribs, and muscuhir quarters, was purchased at 
seven, his legs had become quite fine. The T.Y.C. was his forte ; but he 



Famoif-s Horses. 121 

could get well over the flat. He was a long horse, and many were wont 
to compare him to the print of the Uarley Arabian. His stock were 
lleshy and good doers ; and, for beauty, Vanish had no peer among them." 
Sultan was the sire of Augustus, Beiram, Green Mantle, Ualata, Varna, 
]Meeca, Frederica, Circassian, Destiny, Eva, Jereed, Aclimet, Glencoe, and 
Bay ^liddleton ; these last two alone sufficing to exalt the fame of any 
sire to its highest pitcli of excellence ; to say nothing of Aurelius, Caliph, 
Csesar, Clarion, Kremlin, Turban, and a host of winners far too numerous 
to mention. Principal Performances. 1819. Epsom: Second in the 
Derby to Tiresias. Broke down in his preparation for the St. Leger. 
18:20. Won a couple of matches. 1S.21. Newmarket Craven: Won a 
Gold Cup. Newmarket First Spring : Won a Gold Cup. Newmarket 
Fii'st October : Won the Trial Stakes. 18.2.2. Newmarket Second Spring : 
Beat Gustavus (winner of the Derby of 1821). 1823. Newmarket 
Craven: Beat Godolphin. 1824. Newmarket First October: Won the 
Trial Stakes. 

TIRESIAS, a brown son of Soothsayer, — Pledge by Waxy, — Prunella 
by Highflyer, was bred by the Duke of Portland in 181(). PrincijDal 
Performances. 1819. Won the Newmarket Stakes — ten runners, in- 
cluding Antar and Vanguard. Also won the Palace Stakes. Epsom : 
Won the Derby — sixteen runners, including Sultan, Euphrates, Banker, 
Emperor, and Sir Topaz. Won the Newmarket St. Leger Stakes (Ditch 
In.), beating Banker and Sir Topaz. Also won the Audley End Stakes. 
1820. Newmarket: AVon the Jockey Club Plate. Ipswich: Won the 
King's Plate. His last race. 

SHOVELLER, abaydau. of Scud, — Goosander by Hambletonian, — Pally 
by Trumpator, was foaled in 181G. Principal Performances. 1819. 
Epsom : Won the Oaks — ten runners, including Evadne and Blue 
Stockings. 1820. Newmarket: Won the King's Plate — eight runners, 
including Evadne, Blue Stockings, and Corinne. 

ANTONIO, a bay son of Octavian, — a dau. of Evander, — Miss Gun- 
powder by Gunpowder (son of Eclipse), — Suwarrow's dam by Young 
Marske, was foaled in 1810, and won the Doncaster St. Leger of 1819 — 
fourteen runners, including Wrangler, Sir Walter, and Archibald. This 
race was run twice (" in consequence of a representation to the stewards 
that several horses had not gone off with the rest"). Sir Walter coming 
in first upon the second trial ; but the race was ultimately adjudged to 
Antonio. It seems to have been a lucky day for the winner, who never 
did anything of consequence either before or after. 




I'liitiUil ini Ahrnham Cooper, R.A. 



ARBUTUS, a grey son of Walton, — a clan, of Wizard,^ — Lisette by 
Hambletonian, — Constantia by Walnut, was foaled in 1817. Arbutus 
was described as " a most beautifully formed and symmetrical animal with 
enormous power, a back and quarters as fine as those of any Arab, action 
very good, and temper of the best." Principal Performances. 18.20. 
Not placed for either the Derby or St. Leger, although he started 
favourite for the latter, as he had run clean out of the course in the 
Derby, his only previous race. 1821. Newmarket Craven: Won the 
Oatlands. 

CATGUT, a brown dau. of Juniper or Comus, — Vanity by Buzzard,- — 
Dabchick by Pot-8-os, — Drab by Highflyer, — Hebe by Chrysolite, was 
bred by the Duke of Grafton in 181G. Upon her first appearance in 
public, Catgut won the One Thousand Guineas of 1819 — seven runners; 
but was not placed for the Oaks. 

SAILOR, a chestnut son of Scud, — Goosander by Hambletonian, was 
foaled in 1817 and died in 1820. Sailor only ran twice, winning the 



Fan/0/f-s Jfor-scd. 12 

Derby of 1S.:?0 — fifteen runners (including- Arbutus, Pindarrie, Abjer, iuid 
Tiger) ; and a race at Newmarket Craven. 

CAROLINE, a bay dau. of Whalebone, — Marianne by Mufti, was bred 
by Lord Egremont in 1817, ran second to Rowena for the One Thou- 
sand Guineas, and won the Oaks — thirteen runners, including Rowena 
(second) and Emmeline. 

ST. PATRICK, a chestnut son of Walton, — a dau. of Dick Andrews, 
— a dau. of Trumpator, — a dau. of Highflyer, — Otheothea by Otlio, was 
foaled in 1817. Principal Performances. 1820. Doncaster : Won the 
Great St. Leger — twenty-flve runners, including Arbutus, Langar, The 
Athenian, Tramper, and Locksley. 1821. York: Won the Gold Cup — 
seven runners, including Bergami, Consul, Fair Helen, and Archibald. 
Ascot : Won the Wokingham Stakes — six furlongs — thirteen runners. 
Pontefract : Won the Gold Cup. 

PINDARRIE, a bay son of Phantom,- — Parasol by Pot-8-os, was bred 
by the Duke of Grafton in 1817. Principal Performances. 1820. 
Newmarket : Won the Riddlesworth Stakes and the Two Thousand 
Guineas — five runners ; and ran second to Ivanhoe for the Newmarket 
Stakes. Epsom : Unplaced for the Derby, for which he started favourite 
at 5 — 2. Unplaced for the Newmarket St. Leger. These were the only 
times of his running ; and he was afterwards sent to India. 

ROWENA, a chestnut dau. of Haphazard, — Prudence by AVaxy, was 
bred by the Duke of Grafton in 1817, won the One Thousand Guineas 
of 1820 — six runners, including Caroline and Elvira; and ran second to 
Caroline for the Oaks. 

FAIR HELEN, a " red-grey" dau. of Viscount (by Stamford, — a dau. of 
Bordeaux, — a dau. of Prophet, — Saltram's dam), — Anna by Coriander 
(son of Pot-8-os),- — Young Tiffany by Highflyer, — Tiffany by Eclipse, 
was bred by Sir J. H. Maxwell in 1817. Principal Performances. 1820. 
Won the Gold Cups at Carlisle and Dumfries. 1821. Won the Gold 
CujDs at Carlisle, Ayr, and Dumfries. 1822. Won the Gold Cups at 
Carlisle and Edinburgh. 1823. Won the Gold Cuj^s at Carlisle and 
Dumfries. 1824. Won the Gold Cup at Carlisle — three miles — for the 
fifth year in succession. 




PARAGON was a jjay horse witli black points, without any white, and 
stood just fourteen hands and one inch high ; considered an average size 
for a pure Arab. He had good legs, with muscular power rarely equalled, 
with well-formed feet. His only fault, very uncommon with Arabs, w^as 
his somewhat large head. He was, however, known to be of the purest 
breed. He was of a most docile nature, and was often taken into the 
mess-room, and made to jump over the table. He was only twice beaten. 

GUSTAVUS, a grey son of Election, — Lady (jrey (sister to Viscount) 
by Stamford, was foaled in 181S. Principal Performances. 1820. 
Newmarket : Won the July Stakes, his only race as a two-year-old. 
1821. Won the Newmarket Stakes. Epsom : Won the Derby — thirteen 
runners, including Eeginald (winner of the Two Thousand). 2- — 1 
Augustus, 4 — 1 Eeginald. Doncaster : Unplaced for the St. Leger ; his 
first defeat. 1822. Newmarket: Won the Claret Stakes. 

AUGUSTA, a bay dau. of Woful,— a dau. of Eubens,— Guildford Nan 
by (iuildford (son of Highflyer), — Vulture's dam by Justice, — Parsley by 
Pot-8-os, — Lady Bolingbroke by Squirrel, was bred by Lord Exeter in 
1818. Principal Performances. 1821. Epsom: Upon her first appearance 
in public, Augusta won the Oaks, starting favourite at 2 — 1 and 



FaiifONs Horses. 125 

defeating .six opponents. Won the Newmarket St. Leger — six runners, 
including Reginald, Tressilian, and Fleur-de-Lis. 1822. Newmarket 
(Ditch In) : Beat Cxustavus, Adolphus, and lleginald. 1824. Newmarket: 
Won the King's Plate for Mares, and the Houghton Oatlands. 

JACK SPIGOT, a brown son of Ardrossan (by John Bull), — Sister to 
Bourbon by Sorcerer, was bred by the Hon. Thos. Orde Powlett in 1818. 
" Jack Spigot was a very beautiful foal ; but his dam had such galloping 
fits in the paddock as almost to knock the youngster to pieces, so that it 
was necessary to procure another mare to bring him up. He took such a 
dislike to Wm. Scott that he never would allow him to come into his box, 
and was furious even if he heard his voice." — From " The Druid." 
Jack Spigot won the Grreat St. Leger — 12 runners, including Fortuna, 
Coronation, Sandbeck, and Gustavus (winner of the Derby). 

REGINALD (own brother to Eowena), a bay son of Haphazard, — 
Prudence, was bred by the Duke of Grafton in 1818. Principal 
Performances. 1821. Newmarket: Second to Posicrucian for the 
Riddlesworth Stakes. Won the Two Thousand Guineas — four runners 
only. Epsom : Second for the Derby to Gustavus. Peginald was 
ultimately sent to India. 

ZEAL, a bay dau. of Partisan, — Zaida by Sir Peter, — Alexina by 
King Fergus, — Lardella by Young Marske, — a dau. of Cade, — the dam 
of Beaufremont, was bred by the Duke of Grafton in 1818, and won the 
One Thousand Guineas of 1821 — six runners, but was unplaced for the 
Oaks won by Augusta. 

GODOLPHIN, a bay son of Partisan, — Ridicule by Shuttle, — Sister to 
Oatlands by Dungannon, — Letitia by Highflyer, was foaled in 1818. 
Principal Performances. 1822. Newmarket: Won the Craven Stakes. 
Beat Centaur and Gustavus (winner of the Derby of 1821). 1823. New- 
market : Failed to beat the famous Sultan (G years old) in a match at 
even weights across the Flat. 







■^'■^gK. ..i'^g^ 



PaiHted by J. F. Herring. 



THEODOEE. 



THEODORE, a bay son of Wofnl,— Rosalind (Blacklock's clam) by 
Coriander, was foaled in 1819. Theodore's Adetory for the St. Leger was 
an astounding surprise ; for, though a very speedy horse, he was so lame 
and unsound that he could scarcely walk when he appeared on the course. 
Mr. Petre thought so badly of his chance that he sold his book, with 
full control of the horse for this race, to Mr. Ehodes Mills for 200/., wdio 
made some thousands by the bargain. When John Jackson was ordered 
to ride him, he burst into tears, exclaiming, " What ! Eide such a 
cripple as that? " Jackson's instructions were to race all through at his 
best pace, and most rigidly he observed them ; for he struck his spurs into 
Theodore's flanks the moment they started, never giving him time to 
think of his corns or other ailments. He went off with the lead, was 
never headed, and w^on triumphantly by four lengths. One bet of 1000/. 
to a crown was laid against him, and another of 100/. to a walking cane. 
Phosphorus won the Derby under somewhat similar circumstances. 
Principal Performances. 1822. York August : Won the York St. Leger. 
Doncaster : Won the (Ireat St. Leger — twenty-three runners, including 



Ft 



anions 



IL 



or^-es. 



127 



Violet, Swap, Miita, and Corintliian. Time, 3min. 23sec. 1824. Man- 
chester : Won the Gold Cup. 1825. Edinburo-h : Won the Gold Cup. 

PASTILLE, a bay dau. of Eubens, — Parasol (dam of Partisan and 
Pindarrie) by Pot-8-os, was bred by the Duke of Grafton in 1819. 
Principal Performances. 1822. Newmarket: Won the Two Thousand 
Guineas — three runners only. Second for the Newmarket Stakes to 
jMystic. Epsom : Won the Oaks — ten runners, including Whizgig, 
Infanta, Zaire, and Rosalind. Newmarket: Second to Bizarre for the 
Audley End Stakes. 1824. Newmarket: Won a Handicap Plate, A. F. 

WHIZGIG, a chestnut dau. of Pubens, — Penelo])e by Trumpator, 
was bred by the Duke of Grafton in 1819. Principal Performances. 
1822. Newmarket : Won the One Thousand Guineas — four runners 
only. Epsom : Unplaced for the Oaks, won by Pastille. Newmarket : 
Won the First Class of the Oatlands. 




WANTON, THEODORE, MAYDAY. 



Mr. Herring " has represented the three horses as they appeared on 
coming in at the rails ; and those acquainted with John Jackson's features 
and style of riding will easily recognise his portrait on Wanton. At the 
finish, all three horses were so near together that it was impossible for any- 
one but the judge to say which had won. Jackson rode admirably ; he 
nursed his horse, in a beaten state, never using whip or spur, lest he should 
swerve. So near a thing was it, that each jockey thought he had won." 




I'aijiUd I'll /;. 



EM I LI us, a bay son of Orville, — Emily by Stamford, — a dan. of 
Whiskey, — Grey Dorimant by Dorimant, was foaled in 1820. " Emilins," 
says " The Drnid," " was Orville's best son, inheriting his plain head, bnt 
was not so coarse in appearance. He was a mnscular, compact horse, 
with great chest and powerful arms, but rather short legs, the hinder ones 
being unusually straight. Emilius was perfectly well until just before 
his death, which was caused by one of the stable-boys giving him a feed 
of whole, unbruised oats, which he was quite unable to masticate. The 
line of Emilius did not go on in very regular order. The Bizarre line, 
too, through Orville, stopped with Eat-trap, who stai-ted first favourite 
for the Derby in 1837, but who will be better remembered by the severest 
and most punishing of races which (ridden by Arthur Pavis) he contested 
with Mango (Nat Flatman) at Ascot in 1837. As regards the line of 
Emilius, Recovery and his singularly pretty stock fell into disrepute. 
Euclid died very early ; and Theon, who showed a deal more quality than 
any of the family, had very few blood mares sent to him. Lastly, the 
mighty Plenipotentiary, whose magnificent frame gave higher promise, 
left no mark beh'nd him at the stud." Principal Performances of Emilius. 
18.23. Newmarket: Won the Piddles worth Stakes. Epsom : Won the 
Derby — eleven runners, including Tancred and Nicolo (winner of the 



Fcnnoii^ Ifor.'^cs'. 129 

Two Tliousaud). Newmarket : AVon the (Irand Duke Michael Stakes, 
beating Zinc (winner of the One Thousand and Oaks), Joseph, Bizarre, 
Spermaceti, and Nicok). Emilius was the sire of Euclid, Mango, 
Plenipotentiary, Priam, Eiddh\sworth, Eecoveiy, Equation, Marmalade, 
Morella, Oxygen, Preserve, and others. 

ZINC, a brown dau. of Woful, — Zaida by Sir Peter, was bred by the 
Duke of Grafton in 1S.20. Principal Performances. 18.23. Newmarket : 
f^pon her first apjjearance in public. Zinc won the One Thousand Ouineas 
— ^five runners only. Second to Nicolo (winner of the Two Thousand) 
for the Newmarket Stakes. Epsom : Won the Oaks — ten runners. 
Newmarket : Second to Emilius (winner of the Derby) for the (Irand 
Duke Michael Stakes, beating Bizarre, Spermaceti, and Nicolo. New- 
market Second October : Beat Spermaceti, Zealot, Nicolo, and others. 
1824. Newmarket: Beat Zealot and others. 

BAREFOOT, a chestnut son of Tramp, — Eosamoncl by Buzzard, — 
Eoseberry by Phenomenon,— Miss West by Match'em, was foaled in 
1820. Principal Performances. 1S23. Won the York St. Leger. 
Doncaster : Won the Great St. Leger. Twenty-seven horses went to 
the post. After three false starts, twenty-three of them went away 
witliout the order to " go " having been given ; and, although called back 
by the bugle, the}^ ran the whole course, the Eosanne colt, by Comus, 
coming in first, Barefoot second, and Comte D'Artois third. Twelve 
only ran in the proper race, Barefoot winning, Comte D'Artois finishing 
second, while the Eosanne colt was unplaced. 1824. Ascot: Second for 
the Gold Cup to Bizarre. 1825. Lancaster : Won the Gold Cup. 

NICOLO, a chestnut son of Selim, — a dau. of Walton, — Young 
Giantess (Sorcerer's dam) by Diomed, was bred by Lord Lowther in 1820. 
Principal Performances. 1823. Newmarket: Upon his first appearance 
in public, Nicolo won the Two Thousand Guineas — seven runners, 
including Talisman, Zealot, and Bizarre. A few days later he won the 
Newmarket Stakes, beating Zinc, Bizarre, and others, but was unplaced 
for the Derby. 



K 




LOTTERY, a very blood-like brown-bay son of Tramp, — -Mandane by 
Pot-8-os, was foaled in 1820. The temper of Lottery was very bad ; but, 
tliougli the spirit was nearly galloped out of him, he was never subdued. 
When he could not get his rider out of the saddle, he would lie down and 
roll. Mr. Watt was so apprehensive of serious mischief that he w^ished 
to have him shot ; but, being persuaded to sell him, he parted with him 
for 450 guineas ; and the purchaser subsequently refused 3000 guineas 
for him. One morning, while at exercise, he rushed at a farm labourer, 
and struck him with his foreleg ; and, on another occasion, when 
Shepherd rode down to the paddock to have a look at him, he became so 
furious, that Shej)herd dismounted from his hack, and the two horses 
galloped off to the stable together. Lottery stood fully sixteen hands 
high ; and his racing-like jDoints and figure speak for themselves. He 
was indeed the horse of a century, and many of his races were splendid 
exhibitions of courage and speed. His finest race was for the Doncaster 
Cup, in 1825, when he made his own running all the way, beating Long- 
waist by half-a-neck, and leaving the rest of the field half-a-mile behind. 
In private. Lottery could run clean away from his half-brother, Barefoot, 
and he was without doubt the best horse of his day , but, at one time, he 
was miserably treated and mismanaged, serving mares and being only 



Famous Horses. 131 

lialf -trained at tlie time that he was engaged to compete in h^ng courses, 
and with some of the hest horses of his time. At York on one occasion 
his condition was so bad as to excite the public indignation, which vented 
itself in exchimations of " Take him away; he is not fit to run a yard." 
Lottery was eventually purchased by the French Government. Principal 
Performances. 18.23. Doncaster : Lottery was one of the fifteen horses 
that were withdrawn, after the false start for the St. Leger, won by Bare- 
foot. They ran the full course ; and John Jackson, who rode him in the 
false start, said that he showed very bad temper, and would not make any 
effort to run. 1824. York: Won the (jrold Cup by ten lengths. Don- 
caster : Second for the Gold Cup to Mercutio, beating Theodore, Buzzard, 
and Brutandorf. Beat Barefoot (winner of the St. Leger) easily at even 
weights. 1825. York: Won the Cup. . Preston: Won the Cup. York 
August : Won the Fitzwilliam Stakes. Doncaster : Won the Fitzwilliam 
Stakes, beating Figaro, Canteen, and Helenus. Also won the Cuj^— ten 
runners, including Longwaist, Falcon, Figaro, Starch, Cedric, and Zealot. 
1820. Pre;^ton: Won the Cup. 

BIZARRE, a brown son of Orville, — Bizarre (sister to Finesse) by 
Peruvian (son of Sir Peter, — a dau. of Boudrow, — Escape's dam),- — 
Violante by John Bull, was bred by Lord G. H. Cavendish in 1820. 
Principal Performances. 1823. Newmarket : Won the Auclley End 
Stakes, beating Pastille, Yaurien, and Comte d'Artois. 1824. Ascot: 
Won the Oatlands. Newmarket: Li receipt of 71b., beat Emilius in a 
match over the Audley End Course. 1825. Ascot : Won the Gold Cup, 
beating Longwaist and Streatham. 1820. Newmarket : Won the 
Garden Stakes. 

IVIOSES, a bay son of Whalebone or Seymour (by Delpini, — Bay 
Javelin by Javelin, — Sister to Spadille), — Sister to Castanea b}^ 
Gohanna, — Grey Skim by Woodpecker, — Silver's dam by Herod, was 
bred by H.P.H. the Duke of York in 1819. Whalebone is universally 
regarded as the sire of Moses. Principal Performances. 1822. Epsom: 
Won the Derby — twelve runners, including Figaro, Hampden, Marcellus, 
Stamford, and Wanton. Ascot : Won the Albany Stakes. 1823. New- 
market : Won the Claret Stakes. 



k2 




'*»^ 



VauiUil I'll L. Mait.hall. 



COBWEB, a bay dan. of Phantom, — Filagree by Soothsayer, — Web 
(sister to Whalebone) by Waxy, was bred by the Earl of Jersey in 18.21. 
The engraving of this famous mare is from a highly finished and admir- 
able likeness in oils by the younger Marshall. When this portrait was 
taken Cobwel:) M^as nine years old and had just dropped her third foal. 
All who had ever seen Cobweb in training jDronounced her to be the 
queen of racing mares. The elegance of her outline, her splendid 
symmetry, and legs so finely and beautifully formed, and black as ebony 
itself, combined to render the materials and proportions of which she was 
composed altogether matchless. Her small muzzle brings forcil)ly to 
recollection the old prevailing notion that it is an infallible sign of the 
highest breeding when the muzzle of a racer is so small that he could 
drink out of a tumbler. Principal Performances. 18.24. Newmarket 
First Spring : Won the One Thousand Guineas, beating Eebecca, Milto, 
and Spree. Epsom : Won the Oaks — fourteen runners, including Fill e -de - 
Joie, Tiara, Eebecca, and Principessa. Cobweb was now taken out of 



Fcoiioi/s Horses. 133 

training, being as sound and well as possible, and was sent to the stud. 
She was the dam of the celebrated Bay Middleton, Mahomet, Young 
Eniilius, ScC. 

CEDRIC, a chestnut son of Phantom, — a dau. of Walton, — a dau. of 
Trumpator, — Demirep by Highflyer, — Brim by Squirrel, was bred by Sir 
John Shelley in 18.21. Principal Performances. 1824. Newmarket: 
Second to Pebecca for the Dinner Stakes. Epsom : Won the Derby — 
fifteen runners. Newmarket : Won the Grand Duke Michael Stakes. 

1825. Newmarket: Beat Bizarre in a match. "They who saw this 
race would never forget it ; not only was it the most exciting, but the 
truest run race ever witnessed. The magnificent riding of each jockey 
was beyond all praise. Very large sums changed hands on this great 
occasion, greater, it was said, than in the famous match between 
Sir Joshua and Filho-da-Puta. The pace throughout, owing to the 
riding orders from the respective owners of the competitors, was 
tremendous. Both horses kept very close together the whole distance 
(A.F.), Cedric winning in the end by half-a-length. Cedric, if not the 
best of his year, was a good honest horse, and an excellent racer." 

JERRY, a black son of Smolensko, — Louisa by Orville, — Thomasina 
by Timothy, — Violet by Sharke, was foaled in 1821. Principal Per- 
formances. 1824. Won the York St. Leger. Doncaster : Won the 
Grreat St. Leger — twenty-three runners, including Canteen, Streatham, 
Brutandorf, and Helenus. 1827. York — two miles: Beat Tarrare, 
Nonplus, and Barelegs. 

SCHAHRIAR, a bay son of Shuttle Pope (by Shuttle), — Dinarzade by 
Selim, — Princess by Sir Peter, — a dau. of Dungannon, was foaled in 
1821. Upon his first appearance in public, Schahriar won the Two 
Thousand Guineas of 1824 — seven runners only, including Tiara and 
Angelica. Judged by his after performances Schahriar was a horse of 
but very moderate form. 

BRUTANDORF, a bay son of Blacklock,— Mandane by Pot-8-os, was 
foaled in 1821. Principal Performances. 1824. York Spring : Won the 
SajDling Stakes. 1826. Chester: Won the Stand Cup, beating Longwaist 
and Dr. Paustus. Won the Tradesmen's Cup — ten runners. 

CANTEEN, a bay son of Waxy Pope, — Castanea by Gohanna, was 
bred by the Duke of Buccleuch in 1821. The blood of Canteen united 
that of Herod and Eclipse in direct descent. Principal Performances. 
1824. Doncaster : Second to Jerry for the St. Leger. Won the Gascoigne 
Stakes. Eichmond : Won the Cup. 1825. Pontefract : Won the Cup. 

1826. Newcastle : Won the King's Plate. Stockton : Won the Cup. 




lUtd III) li, Marshall. 



MIDDLETON. 



lYIIDDLETON, a chestnut son of Phantom, — Web by Waxy, was bred 
by the Earl of Jersey in 182.:^. Middleton only ran once, when he won 
the Derby of 18.25 — sixteen runners, including liufus (winner of the 
Eiddlesworth) and Actaeon. " Rufus was brought to the post in superb 
condition, and looked all over a first-rate racehorse ; but in the preparatory 
canter, it was evident he w^ould find a very dangerous opponent in 
Middleton, whose fine sweeping action was universally admired, insomuch 
so, that in several instances 5 to 4 was taken about him before the horses 
reached the post. As they topped the hill, the whole of them were in a 
cluster, Eufus leading by half-a-length. The pace was tremendous, and 
yet they all passed Tattenham Corner well, not one as yet being beaten. 
Entering the straight Eufus was still leading ; and, after crossing the 
road, Sam Chifney carried Hogarth into the second place, Robinson 
simultaneously bringing Middleton into the third, who soon after headed 
Hogarth, though Chifney 's amazing efforts to hold his place were worthy 
both of himself and the occasion. It was indeed the most memorable 
feature in the race. A quarter of a mile from home, Rufus was seen 
suddenly to flag, and Arnull to raise his whip. Just before this he had 
been watching Hogarth ; and, on the instant, Robinson came alongside 
of him, made his rush, shot by him on the whip hand, and won, hands 



Fa)iioi/s Horses. 135 

down, by three lengths. Muleteer was fourth, and the rest quite beaten 
off. The result conclusively proved that, as between Rufus and 
Middleton, the winner was far away the faster and better horse 
of the two. Eobinson rode in his coolest and finest manner." 

WINGS, a chestnut dau. of The Flyer (by Vandyke Junior, a son of 
Walton, — Dabchick by Pot-8-os), — Oleander by Sir David (son of 
Trumpator, — a dau. of Woodpecker), — a dau. of A\nnskey, — Grey 
Dorimant, was bred by General Grosvenor in IS.^.^. Principal Per- 
formances. 1825. Epsom : Won the Gold Cup. Won the Oaks — ten 
runners, including Pastime (who finished second although she was lame) 
and Dahlia. 

ENAMEL, a chestnut son of Phantom, — Miniature by Rubens, — Prue 
(sister to Sir David) by Trumpator, was bred by Lord Exeter in 18.2.2. 
Principal Performances. 1825. Newmarket: Upon his fii'st appearance 
in public, Enamel won the Two Thousand Guineas — six runners only. 
182G. Xewmarket : Second to Chateaux Margaux for the Claret Stakes, 
with Pastime third. Beat Rufus at even weights. Failed to give 61b. to 
Pastime over the Ditch Mile. 1827. Newmarket: Beat Belzoni in a 
match over the T.Y.C. 

TONTINE, a chestnut dau. of Election, — Pope Joan (sister to 
Prudence and Pledge) by Waxy, — Prunella by Highflyer, was bred by 
the Duke of Grafton in 1822. Pope Joan was dam also of Titian by 
Rubens, Talisman by Soothsayer, Turcoman (winner of the Two 
Thousand Guineas of 1827) by Selim, Turquoise by Selim, &c. 
Principal Performances. 1825. Newmarket: Walked over for the One 
Thousand Guineas. Epsom : Third for the Oaks to Wings and 
Pastime. Newmarket: Second to Mortgage for a Post Sweepstakes, 
with Enamel third. 

RUFUS, a chestnut son of Election, — Prudence (sister to Pope Joan 
and Pledge) by Waxy, was bred by the Duke of Grafton in 1822. As 
will be seen, Rufus was brother in blood to Tontine. Principal Per- 
formances. 1825. Newmarket: Won the Riddles worth Stakes. New- 
market: Beat Mortgage, Cedric, and Bizarre. Epsom: Second to 
Middleton for the Derby. Won the Newmarket St. Leger. Rufus was 
sold to the East India Company in 1828. 




Painted by J. F. llnviimj. 



MEMNON (W. SCOTT UP). 



MEIYINON, a bay son of Whisker,— Maniiella (dam also of Belzoni, 
Memphis, Nitocris, and Belshazzar) by Dick Andrews, — Mandane by 
Pot-S-os, was bred by Mr. Watts in 1822. Principal Performances. 
1824. Doncaster : Won the Champagne Stakes and another race, beating 
The Aklerman on each occasion. After seeing Memnon wdn the chief 
two-year-okl race at Doncaster, Mr. dully fancied him to such an extent 
for the St. Leger that he took the three following bets at York in the spring : 
1000 to 25 that Memnon and Alderman ran first and second ; 1000 to 20 
that he placed them ; and 1500 to 1000 that, if they were first and second, 
Memnon would be first. 1825. Won the York St. Leger. Doncaster: 
Won the Great St. Leger — twenty-nine runners, including The Alderman 
(second). Pastime, Fleur-de-Lis (who w^as thrown down in the race), and 
Actseon. About tw^o months before the St. Leger, Mr. Watt was offered 
4000 guineas for Memnon by a party who had laid heavily against him, 
of which fact Mr. Watt had full knowledge. The offer was declined, Mr. 
Watt observing that, until after the St. Leger, Memnon was the property 



Famous Horses. \)M 

of the public, and that no amount of money would purchase him till 
then. IS.^T. Newmarket (Sam Chifney) : Beat Enamel (James Hobinson) 
in a match for 1000 guineas. Ascot : Won the Cup. Doncaster : Beaten 
for the Doncaster Stakes by Fleur-de-Lis. Ran a dead-heat with Fleur- 
de-Lis for second place in the Doncaster Cup, won by Mulatto. 

HUiVIPHREY CLINKER, a bay son of Comus— Clinkerina by Clinker 
(son of Sir Peter, — Hy ale by Phenomenon), — Pewet by Tandem, was bred 
by Earl Fitzwilliam in 18.22. "Humphrey Clinker was sire of Pocking- 
ham, and was a horse of immense size and power, and unquestionably the 
larg'est thoroughbred ever known. As a racer he was fairly good. He 
died from having been allowed to eat a large c{uantity of tares. Being 
possessed of that temper common to all the stock of Comus, he would 
not permit a stranger to approach him ; and thus the difficulty of 
operating for his relief. Blisters w^ere applied ; but, in his impatient 
spirit, he tore them away." Princijml Performances. 182G. York : Won 
the Constitution Stakes, beating Lottery. York : Third to Mulatto and 
Fleur-de-Lis for the Gold Cup. 

ACT/EON, a chestnut son of Scud, — Diana (sister to Emily) by 
Stamford, was foaled in 1822. Principal Performances. 1825. Not 
placed for either the Derby or St. Leger. 1826. York Spring: Second 
to Fleur-de-Lis for the Cold Cup, beating The Alderman and Jerry. 
York August : Beat Mulatto, Fair Charlotte, and Cedric. Second to 
Fleur-de-Lis for the Doncaster Stakes, beating Lottery. 1827. Richmond: 
Won the (xold Cup. Actseon was the sire of General Chasse. 

CHATEAU lYlARGAUX, a brown son of Whalebone,— Wasp by Gohanna, 
— a dau. of Highflyer, — Chanticleer's dam by Eclipse, — Rosebud by 
Snap, — Miss Belsea by Regulus, was bred by Lord Egremont in 1822. 
Principal Performances. 1825. Newmarket: Second to Enamel for the 
Two Thousand Guineas. Doncaster : Unplaced to Memnon for the St. 
Leger. 1820. Newmarket: Won the Claret Stakes, beating Enamel and 
Pastime. Won the Ascot Cup, beating Cydnus and Bizarre. Brighton : 
Won the Gold Cup. 1827. Newmarket: Won the Jockey Club Plate. 
Ascot : Won the King's Plate. Newmarket : Ran a dead heat with 
Lamplighter for the King's Plate. 1828. Newmarket : Won the Jockey 
Club Plate, beating Memnon. Ascot : Won the King's Plate for the 
third time. 




I'aintcd liu Abraham Cooper, 11. A. 



FLEUR-DE-LIS. 



FLEUR-DE-LIS, a bay dan. of Bourbon (son of Sorcerer), — Lady 
Rachel by Stamford, was bred by tbe Eev. Christopher Sykes in 182.2. 
At the close of 1827 Flenr-de-Lis was sold to His Majesty Cleorge the 
Fourth by her then owner Sir Matthew White Eidley, Bart., of Blagdon, 
Northumberland. Principal Performances. 1825. Doncaster: Thrown 
down in running for the St. Leger won by Memnon. 1826. York: 
Won the Cup, beating Act^eon, The Alderman (second to Memnon in 
the St. Leger, and winner of the Grold Cups at Richmond and Northaller- 
ton), and Jerry (winner of the St. Leger of 1824). Newcastle : Won the 
CujD, beating Canteen. Doncaster : Won the Doncaster Stakes, beating 
Actseon ; also won the Doncaster Cujd, beating Mulatto, Humphrey 
Clinker, Helenus, and Jerry. 1827. York: Beat Jerry. Manchester: 
Second to Longwaist, beating Canteen. Preston : Won the Cup. Don- 
caster : Won the Doncaster Stakes, beating Memnon (winner of the St. 
Leger of 1825) by half-a-length. For the Doncaster Cup, won by 
Mulatto, Memnon and Fleur-de-Lis ran a dead-heat for second place. 
1828. Now the property of His Majesty Greorge the Fourth. Oxford: 
Won the Cup. Newmarket: Won the Oatlands. 1829. Newmarket: 
Second to Zinganee for the Craven Stakes, beating Amphion (by Partisan), 
said to have been the most beautiful horse that ever trod the turf, and 



Famous Horses. 139 

Brocard. Goodwood : Won the Cup, l)eating Mameluke. " Two hun- 
dred yards from home Mameluke was seen to falter, but still he ran on 
most gamely, till the mare was on level terms with him, when it became 
evident that the favourite was beaten. After the race Mr. Delme 
Radcliffe (His Majesty's Master of the Horse) kissed the grand old mare, 
and complimented Robinson on his fine riding." Doncaster : Beaten for 
the Cup by Voltaire and Laurel. Lincoln : Won the Grand Falconer's 
Cup, beating Laurel and Bessy Bedlam. 1830. Goodwood: Won the 
Cup, beating Zinganee, The Colonel, and Glenartney. 1S31. Goodwood : 
Second to Priam for the Cup, beating Variation (winner of the Oaks of 
18.29). " Fleur-de-Lis never looked more beautiful in her life, so bright, 
so buoyant, so light, so strong, and so full of her old fire and spirit ; but 
the fact is that she never at any time possessed the speed of Priam, 
which, on this occasion, proved too great for her ; and being, moreover, 
eight years old, she had doubtless lost somewhat of her old powers of 
running. Game she was to the last. Looking at the weight which 
Priam carried as a four-year-old, the result of this race j^laced him, 
unquestionably, at the head of all the horses of his time." Fleur-de-Lis 
did not run again. 

LONG WAIST, a bay son of Whalebone, — Nancy by Dick Andrews, — 
Spitfire by Beningborough, — a dau. of Young Sir Peter (by Doge), — a 
dau. of Engineer, — a dau. of the Wilson Chestnut Arabian, was bred by 
Fulwar Craven, Esq., in 18.21. Principal Performances. 1825. New- 
market : Won the Craven Stakes and the Oatlands. Ascot : Second for 
the Cup to Bizarre. Doncaster: Beaten for the Cup by Lottery. 182(5. 
Warwick : Won the Cup, beating Comus and Emerald (winner of the 
Two Thousand Guineas of 1825). 1827. Manchester: Beat Fleur-de- 
Lis and Canteen. Doncaster : Second to Laurel for the Cup. Long- 
waist was killed in 1835 by striking his head against the stable doorway 
just after 5000 guineas had been refused for him. 




I'dinttd by Abraham Cooper, R.A. 



CAMEL, ii very dark brown son of AVlialebone, — a dan. of Selim, — 
Maiden by Sir Peter, — a dau. of Phenomenon, — Matron by Florizel, was 
bred by the Earl of Egremont in 18:22. " The Druid," in " Silk and 
Scarlet," observes — " The cart-horse quartered Camel can fairly challenge 
Sir Hercules for the Whalebone wreath, with the two famous brothers. 
Touchstone and Launcelot. The curious growth of Camel's quarters 
was owing to his having fallen backwards when a yearling" In "Scott 
and Sebright," " The Druid " remarks—" Mr. Theobald, ot Stockwell, 
w^as one of the most remarkable of the Southern patriarchs. The old 
gentleman swore by Whalebone, Whisker, and Orville ; and Camel, of 
the Whalebone and Selim blood, whom he bought from Lord Egremont, 
held the undisturbed premiership) of his stud. This horse was as good 
as an annuity of 800/. to Mr. Theobald for several seasons after the 
performances of Touchstone had brought him so prominently into 
notice, while Caravan, Wapiti, Callisto, and others carried on the game. 
When the American agent arrived, and bid Mr. Theobald five thousand 



Famous Horses. 141 

guineas for him, lie ' gave a verdict without turning round in the Ixjx,' 
and would not even allow Lowry time to strip the brown before he 
refused the offer. Camel was then seventeen years old, and he lived for 
six seasons more. Mr. Cooper, the great surgeon, always maintained 
that he never looked over a more powerful piece of machinery. His 
gaskins were enormous, and his leverage so great that, when Lowry (Mr. 
Theobald's stud-groom) lunged him, he could leap mid-air almost to 
the last." Principal Performances. 18.25. Second for the Newmarket 
Stakes. IS.^G. Newmarket : Won the Port Stakes. Althoug-h Camel 
cannot be said to have been victorious over first-class animals, he will 
ever be remembered as the sire of the famous Eaton brown. Touchstone. 
In 1894, the winning descendants of Camel, chieliy through Touchstone, 
numbered 306, who appropriated between them 519 races of a total value 
of 14.2,4.24/. lO-S'. ; while the 352 winning descendants of Sir Hercules, 
mostly through Birdcatcher, were credited with 638 races of the value of 
177,676/. 5.y. ; Sir Hercules, judging by this, having somewhat the best 
of the argument. 

TARRARE, a bay son of Catton, — Henrietta by Sir Solomon, — Sister 
to Olive by Woodpecker, — a dau. of Trentham, — December by Shake- 
spear, — Polly by Black and All Black, — Fanny l)y Tartar, was bred l)y 
the Earl of Scarborough in 1823. Principal Performances. 1825. 
Doncaster : Second for the Champagne Stakes to King Catton, beating 
Garcia and Mulatto. 1826. Doncaster: Won the St. Leg-er, beating- 
Mulatto, Bedlamite, Belzoni, and Boyal Oak. " At the Red House all 
were beaten, except Tarrare, Bedlamite, and Mulatto, who ran every 
inch of the ground. At one time, Bedlamite came up to Tarrare's 
head, and for a great distance the race was most beautiful, and the 
issue very doubtful. , Two hundred yards from home, it looked like a 
dead-heat between Tarrare and Bedlamite ; but now the good head and 
helping hand of Sam Day, gave Mulatto a strong turn, and he came 
to the front like a winner ; but, though he ran as honest as truth, he 
could not quite reach Tarrare, and was beaten by half-a-length, with 
Bedlamite close up." 1827. York: Second to Jerry. Doncaster: 
Not placed for the Cup won by Mulatto. 1828. York August : Second 
to Medora, beating Malek and Actaeon. Doncaster : Unplaced to Non- 
plus, Granby, and Actseon, for the Doncaster Stakes. Old John Day 
rode Nonplus in his best style. Tarrare was now sold to Mr. Theobald, 
and added to his famous stud at Stockwell. 




Faiided by J. t\ Mtvriiig. 



MULATTO. 



MULATTO, a bay son of Catton, — Desdemona by Orville, — Fanny 
by Sir Peter, — a dan. of Diomed, — Desdemona by Marske, was bred by 
Earl Fitzwilliam in 18.28. Principal Performances. 18.2G. Doncaster : 
Second to Tarrare for the St. Leger, beating Bedlamite, Belzoni, and 
Eoyal Oak. Second for the Doncaster Cujd to Fleur-de-Lis, with 
Humphrey Chnker behind. 1827. York: Beat Bedlamite and Barelegs. 
Doncaster : Won the Fitzwilliam Stakes, beating Nonplus. Won the 
Doncaster Cup - — eight runners, including Memnon, Fleur-de-Lis, 
Tarrare, Longwaist, and Actseon, a field of grand horses. 1828. York: 
Beaten by Laurel and Matilda. 1829. York: Won the Fitzwilliam 
Stakes, beating Moonshine and Actseon. "Actseon, who was in receipt 
of a year and lib. from Mulatto, was very refractory at the post, and all 
through the race preferred hanging to the cords to going straight, to 
the great mortification of his rider, who had a good lump of money 
on him, not believing that any horse in the Kingdom was capable of 
giving the weight to Acta^on." At the same meeting, ran second to 
Grranby for the Great Subscription — four miles — with Acta^on third. 
Mulatto ran twice more without success ; and retired to the stud, in 



Famo/fs Horses. 143 

connection with wliicli liis name will always be inscribed in the annals 
of the Turf as the sire of Martha Lynn, the dam of Voltigeur. 

LAPDOG, a bay son of Whalebone, — adau. of Canopus (by (lohanna, — 
Colibri by \Voodpecker), — a dan. of Young Woodpecker (by Wood- 
pecker), — Fractious by Mercury, was bred by Lord Egremont in 1823, 
and won the Derby — nineteen runners, including Shakespear (second), 
Premier, Tirailleur, Dervise, and Monarch. 50 — 1 Laj^dog. 

LI LIAS, a bay dau. of Interpreter, — Fair Ellen by the Wellesley Urey 
Ai-abian, — Maria by Highflyer, — Nutcracker by Match'em, was foaled in 
1823, and w^on the Oaks of 1826 — fifteen runners, including Problem 
(second), ^Mignonette, Butterfly, and Shortwaist. 

DERVISE, a bay son of Merlin (by Castrel), Pawn Junior by Wax}^ — 
Pawn (sister to Penelope) by Trumpator, was bred by the Duke of 
Grrafton in 1823. Principal Performances. 1826. Newmarket: Won 
the Two Thousand (luineas — seven runners only, including Hobgoblin 
(second). Epsom : Unplaced for the Derby won by Lapdog. New- 
market : Won the Town Plate, beating Lapdog and Hobgoblin. 
1827. Newmarket: Won the Claret Stakes, beating Panic, Problem, 
and Tirailleur. Ascot : Second for the Oatlands. 

PROBLEIYI, a chestnut dau. of Merlin (by Castrel), — Pawn (sister to 
Penelope) by Trumpator, was bred by the Duke of Grrafton in 1823. 
Upon her first appearance in public, Problem won the One Thousand 
G^uineas of 1826 — five runners only, including Tears (second) and 
Butterfly, and ran second to Lilias for the Oaks. 

BEDLAMITE, a chestnut son of Welbeck (by Soothsayer,— Pledge by 
Waxy), — Maniac by Shuttle, was foaled in 1823. Principal Performances : 
Bedlamite was victorious on each of his three essays as a two-year-old, 
beating Decision, Belzoni, Cxarcia, Missie, Magister, Mulatto, and others. 
1826. York : Second to Belzoni, with Mulatto behind. Doncaster 
Ban a good third to Tarrare and Mulatto for the St. Leger. Richmond 
Won the Cup, beating Jerry. Northallerton : Won the Cup. 1 S27. York 
Second to Mulatto, beating Barelegs. 




Painted by J. F. Herring, 



MAMELUKE. 



lYIAIYlELUKE, a bay son of Partisan, — Miss Sophia by Stamford, — 
Sophia by Buzzard, — Hiincamunca by Highfl^'er, was foaled in 1824. 
Principal Performances. 1827. Newmarket: Beaten for the Eiddles- 
worth by Glenartney. Won the Derby — the field including Grlenartney 
(second), Defence, Trumpeter, Turcoman (winner of the Two Thousand), 
and Rapid Rhone (winner of the Grrand Duke Michael and Claret Stakes) . 
Prom Tattenham Corner, Mameluke and Glenartney came on together, 
every other horse being beaten. At the distance it was any odds on 
(xlenartney ; but Edwards taking a strong pull at him, Robinson, with 
great judgment, instantly slipped Mameluke and won by a length. It 
was universally remarked that, had Edwards' bridle broke, Glenartney 
must have won. After the race, Edwards frankly admitted his mistake, 
adding also that Lord Jersey's orders were that each jockey was to do 
his best to win. Mameluke was sold to Mr. John Gully for 4000/., 
whilst no amount of money could have purchased Glenartney. Second 
for the St. Leger to Matilda. Owing to the many false starts, Mameluke 
became quite unmanageable, and Chifney had the greatest difficulty in 



Fanions Horses. 145 

getting him to the post. Wiieii the word " do " was at length 
given, Mameluke was almost left behind. Hard-ridden, he reached 
the front rank at the Eed House ; but could not sustain the effort, 
Matilda winning by half-a-length. 18.28. Newmarket : Won the 
Oatlands and the Port Stakes. Beaten for the Doncaster Cup by 
Laurel and Longwaist. 18.29. Second to Zinganee for the Ascot Cup, 
beatino" Cadland and The Colonel. Second to Fleur-de-Lis for the 
Goodwood Cup. When they had covered somewhat more than half the 
distance, Mameluke shot ahead followed by Fleur-de-Lis, the rest being 
quite outpaced. Down the hill a splendid race ensued between these two, 
Fleur-de-Lis keeping at Mameluke's quarters. Two hundred yards from 
home the latter was seen to falter ; and, fifty yards from home, Fleur-de- 
Lis passed him, winning easily by three lengths. 

GLENARTNEY (own brother to Middleton, winner of the Derby of 
1825), a bay son of Phantom, — Web by Waxy, was bred by Lord 
Jersey in 1824. Principal Performances. 1827. Newmarket : Won the 
Riddlesworth Stakes, beating Mameluke. Second for the Derby to 
Mameluke. The after career of Grlenartney was not so successful as it 
promised to be. 

GULNARE, a bay dau. of Smolensko, — Medora by Selim, was bred by 
the Duke of Eichmond in 1824. Principal Performances. 1827. Won 
the Oaks — nineteen runners, including Translation, the " beautiful " 
Brocard, Martha, Souvenir, and Serenade. The pace was very fast from 
end to end, Brocard holding the lead to the distance, when she was 
challenged by Gulnare and Translation. The race home was beautiful, 
the three lying abreast to within fifty yards of the winning post, when 
Frank Boyce, by splendid riding, sent (lulnare to the front, winning, 
though hard pressed, by nearly a length. 

TURCOMAN, a brown son of Selim, — Pope Joan by Waxy, — Prunella 
by Highflyer, was bred by the Duke of Grafton in 1824, and won the 
Two Thousand Guineas of 1827, but was unplaced for the Derby. 

ARAB, a brown dau. of Woful, — Zeal by Partisan, was bred by the 
Duke of Grafton in 1824 ; and won the One Thousand Guineas of 1827. 




Painted h,, J. F. Ihrriwj. 



EIYIIYIA, a chestnut dan. of Whisker, — Gibside Fairy by Hermes (by 
EcHpse), was foaled in 1824. " The Druid " remarks : " It was to Eaton 
Hall that old Emma, five times over, took her eight days' journey from 
Streatlam ; and Cotherstone and Mowerina (dam of West Australian) 
were the best rewards of her toil. Seven years previously she had 
thrown her first Derby winner, Mundig, to the game, coarse Catton, who 
was great even in an age abounding with four milers, and would run 
every yard of the course. Mundig was the biggest and thickest foal she 
ever dropped, slovenly in his style of going, and with very great hips. 
Emma herself was low and long, half-an-inch under fifteen-two, but not 
so big in her limbs as her dam, the dappled bay Gribside Fairy. Emma 
died in her twenty-seventh year, quite worn out. At night she had 
taken her mash as usual, and then she had struggled to the door, where 
she was found in the morning, stretched out and cold. Her form is still 
flourishing on the Cotherstone banner, which Mr. Herring painted for 
Mr. Bowes after the Derby of 1843. Cotherstone himself in the 
central compartment. Bill Scott up ; while Whalebone, Camel, and 
Touchstone (his noble progenitors), on one side, and Whisker, Gibside 
Fairy, and Emma on the other, gracefully encircle him with the 



Famous Horses. 1 47 

'Streatlam' coat of arms." Emma was second to Moonsliino for the 
Doiicaster Champagne Stakes of 18.26. 

MATILDA, a bay dau. of Gomiis (by Sorcerer), — JiiHana by Gohanna, — 
Phitina by Mercury, was bred by the Hon. Edward Petre in 18.24. 
Matilda was of a very fidgety disposition; and, after winning the St. 
Leger, most uncertain in her running. When a yearling she measured 
only fourteen hands one inch and a half, just an inch higher than 
Whisker's son. The Colonel, at the same age. A handsomer little filly 
than Matilda, and a finer and more slashing colt than Mameluke, never 
met together on any racecourse. Mr. Petre eventually gave Matilda to 
the Duke of Cleveland. Princi23al Performances. 18.2G. York: Beat 
Moonshine (winner of the Doncaster Champagne Stakes). 18.27. 
Doncaster : Won the St. Leger, the field including Mameluke (second), 
Laurel (third). Moonshine, and Emma. Translation and Matilda 
jumped away at least sixty yards in ad\ance of the field, Mameluke 
being one of the very last ; but he was in the van at the Eed House, and 
Mr. Grully offered to lay an even thousand on him. From this point a 
very fine race ensued, Mameluke once getting his head in front; but he 
could not sustain the effort, and Matilda passed the post half-a-length in 
front. Eobinson's riding of Matilda was much praised ; and it is said 
that a Scotch admirer presented him with 1000/. 1828. Second to 
Delphine for the Eichmond Cup, Mulatto, Longwaist, Economist, and 
Non-plus also in the field. 

BROCARD, a bay dau. of Whalebone, — Varennes by Selim, — Canary 
Bird by Whiskey or Sorcerer (by Trumpator), — Canary by Coriander 
(son of Pot-8-os), — Miss Green by Highflyer, — Harriet by Match'em, 
was bred by the Earl of Verulam in 1824. Brocard, like Ely in more 
recent times, was distinguished by the epithet of "beautiful." She was 
a j)rodigious favourite with the public, and was as good as she looked ; 
but her lot was cast at a time when many first-class animals were on the 
Turf. 




U, , ..,, ^j,„nU„y. 



DEFENCE, a bay son of Whalebone, — Defiance by Enbens, — Little 
Folly by Highland Fling (son of Spadille, — Coelia by Herod), Harriet by 
Volunteer, — a dau. of Alfred, — Magnolia by Marske, — a dau. of 
Babrahani, — a dau. of Sedbury (by Old Partner, — the Old Montagu 
Mare), — Ebony by Flying Childers, was foaled in 1824. Standing a trifle 
under fifteen-two, Defence was a horse of very fine mould and great 
muscular power ; and, altogether, one of the most compact animals ever 
seen. He imparted to his stock the stamina and lasting powers which so 
pre-eminently distinguished the Wlialebone blood ; but the strain through 
him has gradually become extinct. Defence started but once, viz. : in 
the Derby of 1827, when he was so seriously lamed as to compel his retire- 
ment from the Turf; but he gained imperishable renown at the stud. 
The Emperor (sire of Monarque and grand-sire of the triple-crowned 
Gladiateur) was his best son ; but he was also sire of ^gis. Fortress, 
Deceit, Deception, Lalla Eookh, &c., &c. 

lYlARlA, a chestnut dau. of Waterloo (by Walton, — Penelope), — 
Belvoirina by Stamford, — the grey Sister to Silver by Mercury, — a dau. 
of Herod, — Young Hag by Skim, was foaled at Hampton Court in 1824. 
Maria was a most beautiful little creature, and her style of running quite 



FamoiiH }[or-scs. 149 

captivating. She was a great favourite with George the Fourth. At 
one time, indeed, His Majesty was as partial to the stock of Waterloo as 
he had been to that of Trumpator and Gohanna. It was a saying of the 
trainers that " it would take twice round the Ascot Cup Course, at the 
very best pace, before Maria would blow out a rush-light." Principal 
performances. 1820. Won the Prendergast Stakes. 1827. Ascot: Won 
the Swinley Stakes and the Windsor Forest Stakes. 1828. Bath: Won 
the Somersetshire Stakes. Eg-ham : Beat Tom Thumb. This was the 
last race meeting Georu^e the Fourth attended. He came on to the course 
in an open barouche with four splendid bays, and attended by Lord 
Albemarle, the Master of the Horse. Eising in his carriage. His Majesty 
turned towards the Ring ; and, in loud tones, oifered to lay GOOO to 4000 
on Maria. Robinson not seeing Lye on Tom Thumb, on making the 
last turn, the latter rushed past him like a wdiirlwind, Robinson being so 
amazed that he pulled Maria short up for the moment, and only won on 
the post by a short head by dint of the most resolute riding. The King 
was furious. 

LAUREL, a fine, powerful, dark brown son of Blacklock, — Wagtail by 
Prime Minister (son of Sancho, — Miss Hornpipe Teazle by Sir Peter, — 
Hornpipe by Trumpator, — a dau. of Herod, — Sister to Eclipse), — adau. of 
Orville, — Miss Grimstone by Weasel, — a dau. of Ancaster, — a dau. of 
the Damascus Ai'abian, — a dau. of Sampson, — a dau. of Oroonoko (a son 
of Old Crab), — Sophia by the Godolphin Arabian, was foaled in 1824. 
Principal Performances. 1827. Third for the Doncaster St. Leger to 
Matilda and Mameluke. 1828. York: Beat Matilda and Mulatto. 
Won the Doncaster Cup, the field including Longwaist and Mameluke. 
1829. Doncaster Cup. At the distance, Robinson called upon Fleur-de- 
Lis ; but the game old mare was already beaten. A few strides from 
home Voltaire got his head in front of Laurel, and won, after a slashing 
set-to, by half-a-length. Lincoln : Second to Fleur-de-Lis for the Grand 
Falconer's Cup. 1830. York Cup. Laurel gained considerable 
advantage at the start, which he made the most of by setting a 
tremendous pace, holding a lead of several lengths for a mile and a half ; 
but, at the finish, he could only just win from Maria by half-a-length, 
after a severe struggle. 1831. Second to Maria for both the York Cup 
and the Doncaster Stakes. 




P,ii,il,'fi Oil Abrnhnin Oxiper. P.. A. 



CADLAND (j. ROBINSON UP) . 



CADLAND, a brown son of Andrew (by Orville, — Morel by Sorcerer), — 
Sorcery by Sorcerer, was foaled in iS^o. Principal Performances. 1S.27. 
Cadland did not run as a two-year-old. 18.28. Newmarket : Won the 
Two Thousand Gruineas. Epsom -. Won the Derby. A splendid race from 
the distance between Cadland and The Colonel ended in a dead-heat, with 
Zinganee beaten half-a-length only. In the deciding heat, Cadland 
forced the pace, holding a good lead until nearing the distance, when the 
Colonel challenged, and, after a desperate struggle, was defeated by less 
than half-a-length. It was said that Scott (who rode the Colonel) was 
highly nervous in the second heat, in having to contend single-handed 
with James Robinson, whom he always feared even in a large field of 
horses. Newmarket : Won the Grrand Duke Michael Stakes, and the 
Newmarket St. Leger. 18.29. Newmarket: Won the Oatlands and the 
Audley End Stakes, beating Zinganee. 1830. Newmarket : Beat Zinganee 
for the Whip. 1831. Newmarket : Beat Varna, after a dead-heat, in a 
three mile race for 50/. The cruelty of running off a dead-heat over 
such a distance, and for such a prize, was much reprobated. 

THE COLONEL, a chestnut son of Whisker, — a dau. of Delpini, — 



Famous Horses. 151 

Tipple-Cider by King Fergus, — Sylvia by Young Marske, — Ferret by 
Bro. to Silvio, — a dau. of Eegulus, was foaled in 1825. "The Colonel 
was a small, short horse, with very fine speed, high and fighting in his 
action, and ready to creep into a mouse-hole, if reached ; but, then, it 
was always difficult to reach him." (From " The Druid.") At the stud 
at Hampton Court, prior to its dispersion, The Colonel presented a 
magnificent appearance, being the beau ideal of an English thoroughbred. 
Principal Performances. 1S27. Doncaster : Won the Champagne Stakes. 
18.28. Epsom : Beaten in the Derby by Cadland, after a dead-heat. 
Doncaster: Won the St. Leger. Before 100 yards had been covered. 
Velocipede dashed to the front with Bessy Bedlam, but at the Eed 
House the latter was beaten ; and Belinda and The Colonel followed the 
leader closely to the distance, where Velocipede gave way. Here The 
Colonel took a length lead of Belinda, winning finally with great ease by 
three lengths; Economist was also in the field. 1830. Ascot: Second 
for the Cup to Lucetta, with (ireen Mantle and Zinganee behind. 
Goodwood : Third for the Cup to Fleur-de-Lis and Zinganee, the field 
also including Green Mantle and Glenartney. Ascot : Won the Great 
Park Stakes. 1831. Ascot: Pan a dead-heat for the Oatlands with 
Mouche, and broke down in running it off. The Colonel now joined the 
stud at Hampton Court. 

TURQUOISE, a brown dau. of Selim, — Pope Joan (sister to Waxy 
Pope, Pledge, and Prudence), by Waxy, was bred by the Duke of Grafton 
in 1825, and won the Oaks of 1828 — thirteen runners, including Euby (the 
dam of Coronation), Trampoline, and Zoe (winner of the One Thousand). 
25 — 1 Turquoise. "At Tattenham Corner Ruby was many lengths 
ahead, and here she should have been gently pulled. The rest of the 
field now discovered that they must make good running or lose all chance 
of the race. Accordingly, J. Day, on Turquoise, came up at the road at 
full speed, beating all the others in detail, till he got on level terms with 
Ruby, when a splendid race home resulted in Turquoise winning by nearly 
two lengths." 

ZOE, a bay dau. of Orville, — Nina by Selim, — Penny Trumpet by 
Trumpator, was bred by Lord Lowtherin 1825. Principal Performances. 
1828. Newmarket Craven: Beat Bro. to Emilius and Zinganee. Won 
the One Thousand Guineas — seven runners, including Trampoline. 
Epsom: Unplaced for the Oaks, won by Turquoise. 




I'alnt.ithii J. Fnihl.fi. 



velocipejit: (w. scott up). 



VELOCIPEDE, a chestnut son of Blacklock, — a dan. of Juniper 
(by Whiskey, — Jenny Spinner by Dragon), — a dau. of Sorcerer (by 
Trumpator), — Virgin by Sir Peter,- — a dau. of Pot-8-os, — Editha by 
Herod, — Elfrida by Old Snap, — Miss Belsea by Eegulus, was foaled in 
1825. Velocipede was purchased when a yearling for 120/., after Mr. 
Houldsworth had said he would not give sixpence for such a slight- 
legged one. " This king among horses," says " The Druid," " had a 
rough, vulgar, Eoman head, with a white blaze and flesh-coloured nose, 
which he transmitted to all his stock, the great majority of whom 
resembled him in colour and marks. His dam (a half-sister to Camarine) 
was not more than fifteen hands high, while his own height was just 
over sixteen. One small knot, on Velocipede's off fore-leg, halfway 
between the knee and the fetlock, made him the magnificent cripple he 
was by pressing on the main tendon. Velocipede was sire of Amato 
(winner of the Derby), Queen of Trumps (winner of the Oaks and 
St. Leger), and Joe Lovell and King of Trumps (both successful stud 
horses). He was shot in 1859. Dropsy had set in, with chronic disease 
of the lungs, and his respiration became so difficult that his breathing 



Fam u /f.s llur.se-s . 1 5 :] 

could be heard all over the yard. His whole body began to till, and he 
became so oppressed as to be unable to lie down, but propped himself 
against the wall, refusing all kinds of food for three weeks before his 
death. He was shot on a hill overlooking the Irish Channel, by a tailor, 
the Squire's groom not having the heart to pull the trigger. Thus 
perished miserably this grand animal, the quondam pride of Whitehall." 
Principal Performances. 18.28. Doncaster : Third for the St. Leger to 
The Colonel and Belinda. 1829. York: Won the Gold Cup, defeating 
Laurel, after a grand race, by a neck, with Non-plus and Actaeon beaten 
from the start. Liverpool Jnly : Won the Cup, beating Dr. Faustus, 
Laurel, Pelion, and Economist. 

ZINGANEE, a bay son of Tramp, — Folly by Young Drone (son of 
Drone, — Anna by Eclipse), — Regina by Moorcock (son of Highflyer, — 
Georgiana by Match'em), — Rally by Trumpator, was bred by the 
Marquis of Exeter in 1825. Principal Performances. 1828. Won 
the Newmarket Stakes. Epsom : Beaten only half-a-length in the 
Derby by the dead-heaters Cadland and The Colonel. 1829. New- 
market : Won the Craven Stakes by a short head, the field including 
Fleur-de-Lis, Amphion, and Brocard, but was receiving more or less 
weight from all three, in fact, over a stone beyond weight for age from 
that grand mare, Fleur-de-Lis, who, moreover, was herself carrying three 
stone of dead-weight. At the same meeting Zinganee won the Claret 
Stakes, beating Rough Robin and Cadland at even weights. Ascot : 
Won the Oatlands and the Ascot Cup, beating, in the latter, Mameluke 
(winner of the Derby of 1827), Cadland, The Colonel, Green Mantle 
(winner of the Oaks of 1829), and Bobadilla (winner of the Ascot Cup of 
1828) — a fine field. Previous to the race Zinganee was purchased from 
Mr. W. Chifney by Lord Chesterfield for 2500 guineas. Zinganee won 
by two good lengths, and proved himself to be the best horse in England. 
Chifney waited in the rear with him until rising the hill, when calling 
upon his horse he closed up and finished in that most beautiful and 
brilliant style so peculiarly his own. Soon after this Zinganee went 
amiss, and was never in the same form again. 

ECONOMIST, a bay son of Whisker, — Floranthe by Octavian, — Caprice 
by Anvil, — Madcap by Eclipse, — a dau. of Blank, — a dau. of Blaze, was 
foaled in 1825. Economist did not distinguish himself particularly on 
the turf ; but he was the sire of the famous horse Harkaway. 




Painted by O. H. Laportc 



SIR HERCULES. 



SIR HERCULES, a black horse shot with white hairs, was a son of 
Whalebone, — Peri by Wanderer (son of (xohanna, — Catherine by Wood- 
pecker), — Thalestris by Alexander, — Eival by Sir Peter, — Hornet by 
Drone, — Manilla by Goldfinder, and was foaled in 18.20. Sir Hercules ran 
third to Eowton and Voltaire for the St. Leger of 18.29; and won the 
Claret Stakes at the Newmarket Craven Meeting of 1830. At the stud 
he established a lasting reputation as the sire of Irish Birdcatcher 
and those distinguished mares Maria, Waterwitch, and Cruiskeen (all 
bred m Ireland). In England he begat The Hydra, The Corsair, 
Coronation, Hyllus, Eobert de Gorham, Gemma-di-Vergy, Newcourt, 
Vibration, Venus, The Moor, Knight of the Shire, Gunboat, and 
Lifeboat, the latter foaled when Sir Hercules was twenty-nine years 
old, and Sir J. Shelley's ch. c. Sir Hercules, foaled when his sire was 
thirty-two years old, together with a legion of other winners too 
numerous to mention. In 1894 Sir Hercules was represented by 352 
winning descendants, who appropriated between them 038 races, value 



FawoKS Horsefi. 155 

177,070/. 5.y., Camel, the rejDresentative of the other branch of Eclipse, 
having 306 winners. 

FREDERICK, a bay son of Little John (by Octavius, — Grey Skim by 
Woodpecker), — a clau. of Phantom, — Sister to Election by Gohanna, was 
bred by the Earl of Egremont in 1820. Principal Performances. 1829. 
Epsom: Won the Derby, the field including The Exquisite (second), 
Prince Euo-ene, Patron (winner of the Riddles worth, the Dinner Stakes, 
the Two Thousand (luineas, the Newmarket Stakes, and other races), 
Mohican, and Lazarus. " This Derby (run on the 4th June) was one of 
great interest, and attracted a larger concourse of people to Epsom Downs 
than had ever been there before. The names of the winner and the 
second were scarcely mentioned in the betting. Patron being the favourite. 
By the time they reached the new stand, Patron's chance was quite 
hopeless, and Lazarus was going as well as anything. Hitting his leg, 
however, he faltered and lost his place, which was immediately taken by 
Mr. Forth on Frederick, young Buckle on The Exquisite shortly after 
taking the lead. About thirty yards from home, Mr. Forth, with a 
grand rush, collared The Exquisite, winning a fine race by a head. 
It was said that Forth, on the night before the Derby, had shifted his 
money from The Exquisite to Frederick." Doncaster : Not placed for 
the St. Leger won by Rowton. At the stud Frederick never got anything 
of note, and his name is now quite forgotten. 

ROWTON, a chestnut son of Oiseau (by Camillus, a son of Hamble- 
tonian, — Faith by Pacolet), — Katherina by Woful, — Iris by Brush, was 
foaled in 1820. Principal Performances. 1829. Doncaster -. Won the 
St. Leger. At the distance Chifney brought up Voltaire, and, passing 
Bolivar, Felt, Clotilde, and Sir Hercules, resolutely challenged Scott on 
Rowton ; but, although Voltaire responded most gamely, Rowton won, 
without ever being headed, by half-a-length. 1832. Ascot : Won the 
Oatlands, Lucetta and The Saddler being also in the field. Ran a dead- 
heat for the Ascot Cup with Camarine, with The Saddler third and last. 
In the decider, Camarine won by two lengths. This was Rowton's last 
race. 

VOLTAIRE, a brown son of Blacklock, — a dau. of Phantom, — a dau. 
of Overton,— a dau. of Walnut, — a dau. of Ruler, — Piracantha by 
Match'em,^Sister to Prophet by Regulus, was foaled in 1826. Principal 
Performances. 1829. Doncaster: Beaten half-a-length by Rowton for 
the St. Leger. Won the Doncaster Cup, beating Laurel and Fleur-de- 
Lis. This was his last race. Voltaire's two famous !ion.ii, Voltigeur and 
Charles XII., will ever keep his memory green. 



« 


Mm' 








^g— ' 


— ^ 






J'ainted Ini J. F. Ihrring. 



LUCETTA, a brown dau. of lieveller (by Comiis), — Luss by Hedley 
(Brother to (iolumpus), — Jessy by Totteridge (son of Dungannon, — 
Marcella by Mambrino, — Medea by Sweetbriar, — Angelica by Snap), — 
Cracker by Highflyer, — Nutcracker by Match'em, was foaled in 1S.2G. 
Lucetta's conformation was peculiar, she being very deep forward, with 
light head and neck, high loins, and drooping quarters. She was always 
ridden in a single snaffle, without a martingale ; but invariably commenced 
kicking the moment Eobinson put his foot in the stirrup, and right royal 
kicks they were. When once her rider was fairly in the saddle, she 
became as quiet as a lamb. Eobinson declared she was the best stayer 
he ever crossed with the exception of Camarine. Principal Performances. 
1829. Newmarket: Won the Garden Stakes. 1830. Ascot: Won 
the Cup, beating The Colonel, Green Mantle, and Zinganee. 1831. 
Newmarket : Won the Audley End Stakes, beating The Cardinal, 
Sarpedon, Eough Eobin, The Saddler, and Spaniel. 1832. Newmarket : 
Won the Jockey Club Plate, B.C. Carrying 8st. 91b., Lucetta covered the 



F(in/ot(.s Horses. 157 

course at a speed veiy little less than Ohilders, as she reached the Duke's 
Stand in less than seven minutes. Goodwood : Won the Groodwood 
Stakes, carrying the top weight of 9st. 51b. 

PATRON, a chestnut son of Partisan, — a dau. of liubens, — Guildford 
Nan by Guildford, was bred by Lord Exeter in 18.26. Principal 
Performances. 18.29. Newmarket : Won the Riddlesworth Stakes — five 
runners, including- Lucetta. Won the Two Thousand Guineas, beating 
Ivean, his only opponent. Won the Newmarket Stakes — six runners. 
Epsom : Unplaced for the Derby won by Frederick, G — 5 Patron, 
40 — 1 Frederick. Patron was a good horse, his only defeat being 
that for the Derljy. 

GREEN MANTLE, a bay dau. of Sultan, — Dulcinea by Cervantes, — 
Eegina by Moorcock, was bred by Lord Exeter in 1820. Principal 
Performances. 1828. Newmarket : Won the July Stakes, the Clearwell 
Stakes, and the Prendergast Stakes, her only three races this year. 
1829. Newmarket: Second for the One Thousand Guineas. Epsom: 
Won the Oaks, fourteen runners', including Varna (second), Clotilde, 
Seraph, Canopy, and Lucetta. Newmarket Second October : Failed to 
give 31b. to Lucetta, Ditch 1\\. 1830. Newmarket : Won the Port 
Stakes. Ascot : Won the Swinley Stakes. Third to Lucetta and The 
Colonel for the Gold Cup, with Zinganee fourth. 

LORD G. H. CAVENDISH'S bay fiUy by Godolphin (son of Partisan), 
— Mouse by Sir David, — ^Louisa by Ormond (son of King Fergus, — Miss 
Cornforth by Match'em), — Orville's dam, was foaled in 182G, and won 
the One Thousand Guineas of 1829, Green Mantle second ; but was 
unplaced for the Oaks. 

SAIYI CHIFNEY, the celebrated jocke^^ began his career on the turf 
early in the present century. Among his numerous patrons were 
Lord George Cavendish, the Duke of Rutland, and Mr. Thornhill. It 
was on Chifney's model, more than on that of Frank Buckle, that James 
Robinson fashioned his own riding, for, great as was his admiration for 
Frank, he always maintained that he "hadn't i\\e fddling skill of Sam, 
whose fingers on the reins, when his horse had a delicate mouth, went as 
lightly as the feet of a dancer on the tight rope." Sam Chifney seldom 
spoke, either at the post or in the race. He stood about five feet seven 
inches in height, and was about half-a-head taller than Robinson ; but 
the latter measured more than Sam round the chest by six inches. 
Sam possessed all the strength and courage of his father. He rode 
occasionally for His Majesty, George the Fourth. 




Painted hy L. Marshall. 



ALBERT (p. CONOLLT UP) . 



ALBERT, an undefeated bay son of "Waterloo, or Moses, — Varennes by 
Selim, was bred by the Earl of Yerulam in 1827. This very fine and 
truly promising colt was never beaten, winning upon five occasions, 
including the Audley End Stakes at Newmarket in 1830, in which race 
he beat Oppidan and Cadland. He died on the 31st March, 1831, from 
the bursting of a bloodvessel. The above engraving by Cook, from a 
painting by Lambert Marshall, was considered to be a perfect likeness of 
this splendid animal. Conolly, who rode him in all his races, is reported 
to have said, " I can never think of him without a sigh." 

PRIAM, a bay son of Emilius, — Cressida (sister to Eleanor), by 
Whiskey, was foaled in 1827. "The Druid " remarks that Priam was 
" a mare-looking horse, especially about the head, and so delicate a feeder 
that his owner, Wm. Chifney, could tell to a handful the quantity of 
oats he would eat in a week. His head and neck were light, and his 
coat feathered, from his ears to his withers, in a most eccentric fashion. 
He drooped rather on his hind pasterns, and stood on a straight hind leg. 



Faii/of/s Horses. 159 

Lord Jersey declined to buy liiin as a yearling, thinking he would put out 
ringbones." Principal Performances. 1830. Newmarket: Won the 
Eiddlesworth Stakes and the Column Stakes, beating Augustus (winner 
of the Two Thousand). Epsom : AVon the Derby. A drenching shower 
and thirteen false starts were the prelude to this race. Sam Day (the 
rider of Priam) was told not to Imrry himself until he had passed the 
distance. At this point Little Ped Rover (a small but finely-shaped 
chestnut colt by Tramp, barely fifteen hands high) was leading ; but 
Priam, shooting out at the half-distance, went in an easy winner by two 
lengths. The field also- included Mahmoud and Augustus. Doncaster : 
Second to Birmingham for the St. Leger. 1S31. Newmarket: Won the 
Craven Stakes and the Port Stakes. Beat Lucetta in a match, Priam 
giving away a year. Beat Augustus in a match, giving him lOlb. 
Ascot : Won the Eclipse Foot. Goodwood : Won the Cup, beating 
Beiram by a short head, with St. Giles also in the field. 

BlRIYliNGHAM, a powerful brown son of Filho-da-Puta,— Miss Craigie 
by Orville, — Marchioness by Lurcher (son of Dungannon, — a dau. of 
Vertumnus or Eclipse, — a dau. of the Compton Barb, — a Sister to 
Regulator by Careless, — a dau. of the Cullen Arabian), — Miss Cogden by 
Phenomenon, — a dau. of Young Marske,- — a dau. of Silvio, — Daphne by 
Regulus, was foaled in 1827, and won the Doncaster St. Leger of 1830 — 
twenty-eight runners, including Priam, The Cardinal, Maria, and 
Emancipation. On the day of the race it rained heavily ; and Birmingham, 
starting at 40 — 1, gained an easy victory through sheer strength. 
Birmingham was so attached to his owner — Mrs. Beards worth — that he 
would follow her round the dining-room table, and, in fact, became quite 
domesticated. 

VARIATION, a bay dau. of Bustard (by Castrel,— Miss Hap by 
Shuttle, — Sister to Haphazard), — Johannah Southcote by Beningborough, 
— Lavinia by Pipator, — Dick Andrews' dam by Highflyer, was foaled in 
18.27, and upon her first appearance in public won the Oaks of 1830 — 
seventeen runners, including Mouche (second), Maria, Recovery, Charlotte 
West (winner of the One Thousand), and Lady Bird. 

AUGUSTUS, a chestnut son of Sultan, — Augusta by Woful, was bred 
by Lord Exeter in 1827 ; and won the Two Thousand Guineas of 1830 — 
two runners only ; and the Newmarket St. Leger. 

CHARLOTTE WEST, a chestnut dau. of Tramp, was foaled in 1827, 
and won the One Thousand Guineas of 1830 — seven runners ; but was 
unplaced for the Oaks, for which she started favourite. Charlotte West 
also won the Royal Stakes at Ascot. 




J'ainted by J, F, Herring. 



SPANIEL, a bay son of Whalebone, — a dan. of Canopiis, — a dau. of 
Young Woodpecker, — Everlasting by Eclipse, was foaled in 1828. 
Spaniel was a small horse, standing barely fifteen hands high ; but he 
was very stoutly bred ; and, at his own pace, could stay for ever. 
Though small he had plenty of length, with shoulders remarkably high, 
and tail set low. The portrait of him, by Herring, was considered an 
excellent one. It was said of Spaniel that he " possessed a hide of silk " 
(so superlatively fine was his coat) " and a heart of oak." Principal 
Performances. 1880. Spaniel was defeated on four occasions as a two- 
year-old, without scoring one solitary win. 1831. Epsom, May 17th : 
Won the Shirley Stakes. Although Spaniel won this race in the easiest 
possible manner, starting at 4 — 1 on, he went down no less than twenty 
points in the quotations for the approaching Derby. May 19th: Won 
the Derby — twenty-three runners, including Riddlesworth (winner this 
year of the Riddlesworth Stakes, the Dinner Stakes, and the Two 
Thousand (luineas), and Colwick. Betting: 6 — 4 on Riddlesworth, 50 — 1 
against Spaniel. " Riddlesworth looked very blood-like, but rather light 



Fdiiioii.s llur-ses. 1 (5 1 

for his size, and somewhat leggy ; and, no douht, the iron state of the 
ground was much against him. A'estris was full of life and mettle; and 
Bras-de-Fer was in the pink of condition ; while the bright, light, airy 
little Spaniel, with his silky coat and pert expression, trod the turf as 
though he disdained the earth. At no part of the contest was the j^ace 
severe, OAving to the hardness of the ground ; and it was not until about 
thirty yards from home that Spaniel shot out, and won in the easiest 
possible fashion. Wildrake, in "Cracks of the Day," observes that "the 
stout little Whalebone weed was so ripe on the day that he held on his 
best and only pace from first to last ; and, though he could not work an 
atom faster, yet, as his rider, Wheatley, said, he could have gone that one 
pace the whole w^ay to London." Spaniel never did anything of 
consequence after this. 

OXYGEN, a bay dau. of Emilius, — Whizgig by Rubens, — the famous 
Penelope by Trumpator, was bred by the Duke of Cxrafton in 18.28. 
Principal Performances. 1830. Won the Clearwell Stakes. 1831. 
Newmarket : ISJot placed for the One Thousand Guineas to Gralantine. 
Epsom : Won the Oaks — twenty-one runners, including Marmora (second), 
(jruitar, Circassian, and Delight. " It was a very fine race, and a truly 
run one, though it was apparent that Circassian, from some cause or 
other, ran in difficulties from the distance post, as just previously she had 
looked all over a winner." 183.2. Newmarket : Won the Oatlands and 
the King's Plate, beating Lucetta. Newmarket Second Spring, B.C. : 
Beaten by Lucetta for the Jockey Club Plate, the old mare proving the 
better stayer. 

CHORISTER, a bay son of Lottery, — a dau. of Chorus (by Trumpator, 
— Seafowl by Woodpecker), — a dau. of Orville, — Anticipation by 
Beningborough, was foaled in 1828, and won the Doncaster St. Leger of 
1831 — twenty-four runners, including- The Saddler, Creole, Colwick, 
Circassian, and Liverpool. Nearing the T.Y.C. starting post, John Day 
began to creep up with Chorister ; and Nicholson, at the same time, 
bringing up The Saddler, they contested the lead with Chancellor round 
the Red House corner to the end of the rails. A few strides further 
Liverpool made an unavailing effort, and had to give place to The 
Saddler, who appeared to have the race at his mercy. Day now brought 
up Chorister with a rush on the outside ; and, after a magnificent race, 
he defeated The Saddler, in the last few strides, by half-a-length, the 
latter showing the " white feather" to some extent when pressed. 
Chorister was the first of Lottery's stock to run. He was on rather a 
small scale, but showed great quality ; and was, in shape, very like his sire. 

M 




I'aiiitcd by J. F. Henincj. 



THE SADDLER. 



THE SADDLER, a brown son of Waverley (by Whalebone,— Marga- 
retta by Sir Peter, — Sister to Cracker by Highflyer), — Castrellina by 
Castrel (brother to Selim and Eubens), — a dau. of Waxy, — Bizarre by 
Peruvian (son of Sir Peter), was foaled in 1828. Principal Perform- 
ances. 1831. Won the York St. Leger. Next day: Beat Chorister at 
even weights. York August : Beat Bro. to Tarrare, Lady Elizabeth, and 
Yictoire. Lady Elizabeth, a very fine racing-like filly, was a strong 
favourite. On reaching the distance, Yictoire joined the front rank, but 
soon dropped behind, being evidently amiss, and a very severe finish from 
the half distance between The Saddler and Bro. to Tarrare ended in the 
victory of the former by half-a-length. Doncaster : Second to Chorister 
for the St. Leger. Won the Doncaster Cup, beating Emancipation, 
Eowton, and Birmingham. Next day : Beat Colwick, Bro. to Tarrare, 
Frederica, and Creole. 1833. Newmarket Craven: Beat Glaucus in a 
match. The Saddler earned a very fair reputation at the stud. 

LIVERPOOL, a bay son of Tramp,— a dau. of Whisker,— the famous 
Mandane by Pot-8-os, w^as foaled in 18.28. Principal Performances. 
1831. York: Beat Creole. At the distance Creole (own brother to 



Faii/o/'.s Jlorxcs. 103 

Mulatto) challenged Liverpool ; and one oi the longest and severest 
struggles ever witnessed then ensued, Scott and Edv^-^ards using every 
exertion to obtain the niasteiy, and each alternately having the advan- 
tage. Within two or three strides of the winning post Creole was half-a- 
head in front ; but, in this all imj)ortant moment, Edwards' strength 
seemed to fail him ; and Liverpool, in the very last stretch, was declared 
the winner by a short head. The two miles were run in three minutes 
and thirty -nine seconds ; and both horses were terribly punished. Creole, 
though not so good, perhaps, as his brother Mulatto, was a very fine 
horse, but leggy, and with the sniallest' feet ever seen, excepting only 
those of his conqueror, Liverpool. Doncaster : Not placed for the St. 
Leger won by Chorister. At the same meeting won the Gascoigne 
Stakes, after a dead-heat with Chorister, who was giving 41b. The two 
came on from the Eed House at rattling speed and locked together to the 
stand, each jockey striving his utmost to shake off the other, but neither 
could succeed in doing so, and the judge could not divide them. In the 
deciding heat, Scott (on Liverpool) came away as soon as the flag fell, 
making very strong running, with Chorister close at his heels. At the 
distance they joined issue, and ran a grand race home, Liverpool winning 
by nearly a length, and proving himself to be one of the gamest horses 
that ever ran. 

CRUTCH, a chestnut son of Little John (by Octavius),— Zaire by 
Selim, — Zephyretta by Hedley, — a dau. of Diomed, — a dau. of Imperator, 
— Otheothea by Otho, was foaled in 1828. Captain (afterwards Admiral) 
Rous, on his return home from sea service in 18.29, purchased Crutch for 
sixty guineas ; and he matched the colt with such admirable judgment 
as to win eleven sinsfle-handed contests wdth him, and to run a dead-heat 
for the twelfth. Crutch, like Teddington, was a short horse and very 
high on the leg ; and animals of this conformation are usually speedy. 
Robinson observed of Crutch that he " never rode a horse so quick on his 
legs, or one that was faster over the two-year-old course." 



M 'Z 




I'liinti'd III/ J. /'. I/crriiKj. 



CAMARINE. 



CAIYIARINE, a chestnut dan. of Juniper (by Whiskey),— a dau. of 
Rubens, — Tippitywitchett by AVaxy, — Hare by Sweetbriar, — a dau. of 
Justice, — a dau. of Chymist (by Match'em, — Duchess by Whitenose), — 
a dau. of South, — Sister to Babrahara, was bred by Lord Berners in 18.28. 
" The pul^lic liad a notion that Camarine was far beyond Lucetta in point 
of speed, but had no chance with her over a Queen's Plate course, and 
that she required to run with her near leg first. If she started on the off 
one, said they, she swung it round so much that unless she had been 
steadied and made to change she would soon have been in distress. 
Robinson, however, declared that Camarine was the very best mare he 
ever rode, and that Lucetta had no chance with her at any distance, and 
further that he knew nothing whatever of any leg peculiarity." Principal 
Performances. 1831. Newmarket: Beat Spaniel (winner of the Derby). 
Won the Newmarket St. Leger, beating Oxygen (winner of the Oaks). 
1832. Newmarket: Won the Claret Stakes, beating Circassian by ten 
lengths. Ascot: Won the Cup, beating Rowton, after a dead-heat 
(having thus been victorious over the winners of the Derby, Oaks, and 



T(t 1110 Hx Jlo ) -.se.s . 1 ( ) 5 

!St. Leger, respectively), The Saddler Ijeiiig tliird and last. Cliifiiey 
(on Eowton) quite conti-ary to his practice, made the running-, the other 
two being close up. At the distance. The Saddler Avas beaten ; and, 
between the other two, one of the closest and severest struggles ever 
witnessed ended in a dead-heat. It was a general remark that Chifney's 
riding and Eowton's superb action, in both heats, were equally fine. 
Newmarket: Won the Audley End Stakes. 1833. Newmarket: Won 
the Craven Stakes and the Jockey Club Plate — B.C.— beating Tauinis 
(one of the fastest horses of his day over any distance) by eight lengths. 
The race, however, was a costly one, as neither of them ever ran again. 

RIDDLES WORTH, a chestnut son of Emilius,— Filagree (dam of 
Cobweb) by Soothsayer, was bred by Lord Jersey in 18.28. Principal 
Performances. 1831. Newmarket: Won the Kiddlesworth Stakes and 
the Dinner Stakes. Won the Two Thousand Gruineas, Sarpedon second. 
Won the Newmarket Stakes. Epsom : Second to Spaniel for the Derby. 

GALANTINE, a bay dau. of Eeveller, — Snowdrop by Highland Fling, — 
Daisy by Buzzard, — Tulip by Damper, was bred by Sir Matthew Wood 
in 1828; and won the One Thousand Guineas of 1831 — eight runners, 
including Lioness (second) and Oxygen (who afterwards won the Oaks). 

COLWICK, a son of Filho-da-Puta,— Stella by Sir Oliver,— Scotilla by 
Anvil, was foaled in 18:28. Colwick was a brown bay with black legs, 
mane, and tail, of great length, and beautiful temper. Principal Per- 
formances. 1830. Doncaster : Second to Circassian — with The Saddler 
and Yictoire also in the field. 1832. Chester: Won the Cup. 1834. 
Newmarket : Won the Craven Stakes. Goodwood : Second to Glencoe 
for the Gold Cup, the field also including Famine, The Saddler, Rocking- 
ham, St. Giles, Nonsense, and Marpessa. 

CIRCASSIAN, a chestnut dau. of Sultan, — Variety by Selim or Sooth- 
sayer, — Sprite by Bobtail, — Catherine by Woodpecker, was foaled in 
1828. 1830. Doncaster: Beat Colwick, Bras-de-Fer, The Saddler, and 
Yictoire. 1831. Heaton Park (where there used to be good racing) : 
Won the Stanley Stakes. 1833. Derby : Won the Gold Cup. Doncaster : 
W^on the Doncaster Stakes. 








I'ainttd III/ Alini/uiin Cv<>in 



GALATA, ;i brown dan. of Sultan, — Advance by Pioneer (a son of 
Whiskey and Prunella), — a dan. of Buzzard, — Sister to Champion by 
Pot-8-os, was bred by the Marquis of Exeter in 18.29. " Galata," 
says " The Druid," "was the best of the Burleigh mares. In the Ascot 
Cup of 1883, William Arnull received the daring orders to rip up 
Lucetta, and he acted up to them most effectually, (ialata's timidity 
was so excessive that Marson was obliged to train her quite alone, 
otherwise she Avould not have touched an oat. She was leggy, light- 
fleshed, and had large feet. If held she would utterly beat herself, 
as was proved in a trial with Beiram. YLiiX forte was speed ; and, like 
her dam. Advance, she could run half her horses to a standstill in the 
first hundred yards ; but she had no good lasting qualities ; and, when 
once collared, she shut up. In the Port Stakes Sam Darling had the cue 
to let her go, and finish her held in the first mile. Lord Chesterfield, 
Mr. George Payne, Colonel Udny, and Marson were at the Ditch Cfap ; 
and Darling had so literally obeyed his orders ' to catch her by the 
head and come along,' that there was soon a spread eagle of Emiliana, 



Fmuous Horses. 167 

Archibald, and Co. 'Hold her fast, Darling,' — roared Lord Jersey — 
'All right, my Lord,' was the reply, 'If I was going to Bury, I should 
win!'" Principal Performances. 183.2. Won the One Thousand 
Gruineas in a canter. Won the Oaks also, very easily. A writer in the 
Sport i/if/ Mof/nzine observes, with reference to this race, "I never saw 
such a thorough^ vanquished lot in my life. The winner is as racing- 
like an animal as ever imprinted foot on Epsom Downs, and her action 
is an example for all time." 1833. Won the Port Stakes, beating 
Emiliana and Archibald (winner of the Two Thousand Guineas of 183.2). 
Won the Ascot Gold Cup, beating Lucetta. Galata made the running 
at a terrific pace, running Lucetta entirely out of it ; and finally winning 
by ten lengths. 

ST. GILES, a chestnut son of Tramp, — Arcott Lass by Ardrossan, — 
a dau. of Cramlington (l)y Pipator, — Harriet by Volunteer), — Floyerkin 
by Stride (son of Phenomenon, — a dau. of Goldfinder, — Lovely by 
Babraham, — Eegulator's dam), — a daughter of Javelin, — a dau. of 
Highflyer, — a dau. of Match'em, — a dau. of Dainty Davie, was foaled in 
1829. After comparatively indifferent antecedents, St. Giles won the 
Derby of 1832 easily, the course being in splendid order. A quarter 
of a mile from home, Scott brought up St. Giles, who was in the pink 
of condition ; and, heading Trustee, came away fully a length in front, 
followed by Perion (Prank Boyce), who made a most resolute bid for 
victory. St. Giles, however, was well in hand, and won without 
difficulty by a couple of lengths. Margrave, Beiram, and Emiliana were 
also in the held. It was the common talk of the day that, with the 
sole exception of Perion, every horse that started ran in the interest of 
Messrs. E. Eidsdale and John Gully, the joint owners of St. Giles. 
St. Giles was beaten for the Goodwood Cups of 1833, 1834, and 1835 ; 
and won two minor races in 1834. 

MARGRAVE, a very dark chestnut son of Muley, — a dau. of Election, 
— Fair Helen l3y Hambletonian, — Helen by Delpini, — Eosalind by 
Phenomenon, — Atalanta by Match'em, was foaled in 1829. Margrave, 
although not a handsome horse, and having a large plain head, was 
lengthy, and had fine sweeping action. Principal Performances. 1831. 
Stockbridge: Beat Eleanor. Won the Criterion, beating Archibald. 
1832. Not placed for the Derby, won by St. Giles. Doncaster : Won 
the St. Leger, the field including Birdcatcher, Trustee, and Physician. 
Won the Gascoi^ne Stakes. Newmarket: Won the Grand Duke Michael 
stakes, beating Galata and Salute. Beaten a head by Archibald for the 
Newmarket St. Leger, with Beiram and Non-Compos also in the field. 




i'aintHl I'll J. F. Herring. 



BE I RAM, a very speedy cliestnut son of Sultan, — Miss Cantley by 
Btaniford, — Sister to Silver by Mercury, was bred by the Marquis of 
Exeter in 1S.29. " Beirani," says " The Druid," " was a A^ery nervous and 
irritable horse, and lathered so much when he came to the post for the 
July Stakes, that Bill Arnull said he would never require sweating again. 
In the race, however, he seemed to acquire confidence, and pulled up as 
dry as a bone. Had Lord Exeter, after (lalata's Oaks, transferred his 
allegiance from Sultan to Beiram, and not used two crosses of the blood, 
there seems to be a strong probability that he would have held his own 
much longer than he did." (Erom " Silk and Scarlet.") Principal 
Performances. 1831. Won the July and Prendergast Stakes. 1832. 
Newmarket : Beat Non-Compos and Count Robinson. Jumping off at a 
terrific pace, Beiram cut his opponents down from the start, John Day (on 
Non-Compos), having no time given him to recover his lost ground, was 
quite unable to get up ; and, the further they went, the further he was 
left behind. Sir Mark Wood most certainly missed the mark when he 
put Jem Robinson, the jockey, on Count Robinson, the horse. Second 



Fa 11/ NX ] lor. sex. 1 (iU 

to Mixbury for the Newmarket Stakes. Beirani tried liis cutting clown 
tactics again; but Eobinson, following with Mixbury, came with his well- 
known rush and won close on the post by a neck. Epsom : Not placed 
in the JJerby won by St. (riles. Beiram seemed in anything but good 
condition. Goodwood : Won the Drawing-Room Stakes easily. Second 
for the Groodwood Cup to Priam. 

ARCHIBALD, a bay son of Paulowitz (son of Sir Paul by Sir Peter,— 
Pewet b\- Tandem), — Garcia by Octavian, — a dau. of Shuttle, — Katherine 
by Delpini, — a dau. of Paymaster, — a dau. of Le Sang, — the dam of 
Rib, — Mother Western, was bred by Colonel Jonathan Peel in 1829. 
" Archibald was a universal favourite with the public, being gracefully 
elegant ; and, though on a small scale, remarkably muscular and strong 
in those points where power and strength are most rec|uired, being more- 
over most delicately formed for the purposes of speed, most captivating 
to the eye; and possessing, withal, an animated and courageous spirit, 
with great sweetness of temper, and the gentleness of a lamb." Principal 
Performances. 1831. Ascot: Beat Beiram and others. "Excepting 
Beiram, there was not one amongst this field of horses that could compare 
in appearance with Archibald, who marched in the midst of them more 
like a well -furnished four-year-old than a stripling of his tender 
ao:e." 1S32. Won the Two Thousand Guineas. Won the Newmarket 
St. Leger, beating Margrave (winner of the Doncaster St. Leger), 
Beiram, and Non-Compos. 

PHYSICIAN, a bay son of Brutandorf,— Primette by Prime Minister,— 
Miss Paul by Sir Paul, — Miss Dunnington by Shuttle, — Miss Grimstone 
by Weasel, was foaled in 1829. Principal Performances. 1832. Second 
to Birdcatcher for the Liverpool St. Leger. Doncaster : Won the 
Scarborough Stakes, beating Birdcatcher. Heaton Park : Won the 
Stanley Stakes, beating Circassian. Northallerton : Won the Gold Cup, 
the field including Liverpool and Nitocris. 1833. Manchester: Won 
the Gold Cup. Liverpool : Won the Croxteth Stakes, the field including 
Birmingham and Birdcatcher. York August : Won the Queen's Plate, 
beating Tom -boy. Also won a Silver Tureen, beating Nitocris and 
Emancipation. 1834. Second for the Liverpool Summer Cup. Won the 
Stand Cup. York August : AVon the Queen's Plate. 




Painted by J. F. Herring. 



DANGEROUS (j. CHAPPLE UP). 



DANGEROUS, a rich cliestnut son of Tramp, — Defiance by Rubens, 
was foaled in 1830. He was a large and powerful animal, with good 
bone and muscle, and rare quarters. His action was low and sweeping ; 
and it was a jntj that he did not train on. Dangerous did not distinguish 
himself as a two-year-old, probablj' on account of his being a horse that 
required time; but he won the Derby of 1833. Wright (on Forester) 
made the runnmg, closely followed by Catalonian (Sam Mann), both 
jockeys having received orders to take the lead, and, if possible, to keep 
it ; so that these two, at topmost speed, ran a kind of match as far as 
Tattenham Corner, where Forester compounded ; and, very soon after, 
Glaucus, Llewellyn, Little Casino, Cactus, Egyptus, and (xlenmore were 
dead beaten. Catalonian came first round the turn, with Connoisseur, 
Revenge, Dangerous, The AVhale, and Sir Robert, in the order named, 
well up in his wake. Al^out a quarter of a mile from home, Sir Robert 
and The Whale succumbed ; and Connoisseur, having raced with Cata- 
lonian for some fifty yards, shot past him ; but was himself instantly 



Famous Horses. 171 

collared by Dangerous, who appeared as full of running as when he 
started ; and, Chappie giving him his head opposite the Stand, he passed 
the post the easiest of winners by a good length. Betting: 3 — 1 Grlaucus, 
'I'd — 1 Dangerous, 100 — 1 Connoisseur. Without doubt the best horse 
won. Shortly after this Dangerous went amiss ; but the secret was so 
well kept that he was allowed to walk over for a race at Stockbridge and 
for one at Winchester. He could never be got fit to run again ; and, in 
1S35, he was purchased by the French (Government and sent across the 
Channel. 

GLAUCUS, a bay son of Partisan, — Nanine by Selim, — Bizarre by 
Peruvian, was bred by General Grrosvenor in 1830. Principal Perform- 
ances. IS 3. 2. Stockbridge: Beat Dangerous. Newmarket: Won the 
Prendergast, ran second for the Criterion, and beat the winner of the 
Clearwell in a match. 1833. Not placed for the Derby or for the St. 
Leger. 1834. Newmarket: Won the Claret Stakes. Ascot: Won the 
(jrold Cup, beating Eockingham and Gralata. This race created the most 
extraordinary interest ; vast sums were staked upon it, and the sj)eculation 
never waned until the horses were off. At the Swinley Post, (lalata, 
owhig to the severity of the pace, died completely away ; and, when they 
reached the trees. Chappie brought Pockingham nearer the front, the 
pace still being very severe ; but Scott, holding Grlaucus fast by the head, 
won with great ease. On the same day, — in fact with only one race 
intervening, — (llaucus won " The Eclipse Foot " (the hoof forming a 
magnificent snuff box, richly mounted in gold, and resting on a highly 
ornamental plateau of the same precious metal). James Eobinson, decked 
out in a brand new green and white silk jacket, was soon in the saddle, 
and (xalopade gave one good kick-royal to let his supporters know he was 
all right and ready for the fray. As the two came up the course, Eobin- 
son was leading at a gentle hand-canter, three or four lengths from Scott ; 
and, in this way, they reached the Swinley Post, without any alteration 
either in pace or position. Down the hill Scott made some advance ; but 
there was nothing like racing about it. At the trees they came together, 
at little better than a trot ; but, at the turn of the half-mile, away they 
came at topmost speed, Gralopade never having the ghost of a chance, 
Eobinson using neither whip nor spur, from the conviction that it was 
hopeless. Scott never stirred on Grlaucus, who won in marvellous form, 
looking at the field he had beaten, over the same distance of ground, only 
an hour before. 1835. Won the Groodwood Cuj). 




2'aiittcd by J. F. JAriing. 



ROCKINGHAM. 



ROCKINGHAIVI, a big bay "pheasant-looking" son of Hnmphrey 
Clinker, — Medora by Swordsman (son of Prizefigliter (by Florizel, — 
Promise by Snap), — Zara by Eclipse, — a dan. of Squirrel, — Ancaster 
Nancy by Blank,— Phoebe by Tortoise), — a daii. of Triimpator, — Pe23per- 
mint (sister to Phmella) by Highflyer, was foaled in 1830. Principal 
Performances. 1S33. Doncaster : Won the St. Leger very easily by two 
lengths, the field including Mussulman, Belshazzar, Muley Moloch, and 
Grlaucus. Long before they reached the Eed House, Sam Darling (on 
Rockingham) felt that he had the race in hand. Also won the Doncaster 
Cup with great ease, beating Pevenge, Consol, and The Saddler. The 
public were now convinced that Rockingham was something out of the 
common. 1834. Ascot : Second for the Cup to Glaucus, with Belshazzar 
and Galata also in the field. This race excited great interest. 1835. 
Cloodw'Ood : Won the Cup. Down the hill, facing for home, Beiram, who 
had been fighting all the way, broke down. At the distance Wm. Scott 
brought Grlaucus forward, and made his effort; but his challenge was 



F(ut/oi/s Horses. 173 

easily stalled oft' by Eockiiigham, who won in a common canter by four 
lengths. Beaten for the King's Purse by Lucifer (winner of several 
cups). This was a most extraordinary race. At the distance Rocking- 
ham was fully a dozen lengths in front ; and, so hollow appeared to be 
Lucifer's defeat, that Forth, his trainer, called out to Twitchet to stop 
him. Eobinson, hearing this, began to ease Rockingham; and, so much 
so, that sixty yards from home he was completely out of his stride, while 
Twitchet, who had kept Lucifer going, and found his horse had still an 
eftort left in him, with a tremendous rush caught Rockingham a few 
yards from the post and won by a full length, amidst roars of laughter. 
Robinson acknowledged that he was unconscious of his danger until he 
saw Lucifer's shadow, wdien it was too late. Brighton : Won the Cup. 

VESPA, a dark brown dau. of Mule}', — Miss Wasp by Waxy, was 
foaled in 1830. Principal Performances. 1833. Epsom: Won the Oaks 
by half -a -neck from Octave, after a fine race — the field including Revelry, 
The Margravine, Tarantella, and Catherina (the latter during her career 
started on no less than 175 occasions, making her first appearance in the 
Oaks). 1834. [N^ewmarket : Won the Oatlands, beating Trustee, Gralata, 
and ]\Ialil)ran. Vespa was ultimately sent to Hungary. 

CLEARWELL, a grey son of Jerry, — Lisette by Hambletonian, was 
bred by the Earl of Orford in 1830. Principal Performances. 183.2. 
Upon his first appearance in public. Lord Orforcl's colt won the Clearwell 
Stakes at Newmarket — sixteen runners, including Nonsense, Cactus, 
Tarantella, Octave, Marpessa, Tigress, Malibran, and Emperor ; and was 
thereuj^on named Clearwell. Newmarket Houghton : Beaten a length 
by Glaucus at even weights in a match for 500 guineas over the Ancaster 
Mile. 1833. Newmarket: Won the Two Thousand Gruineas, the field 
including Sir Robert (second), Mussulman, and Nonsense. Second to 
Forester for the Newmarket Stakes. 1834. Ascot: Won the Wokingham 
Stakes, carrying the top-weight, 9st. 41b. This was ClearweU's last race. 

TARANTELLA, a chestnut dau. of Tramp, — Katherineby Soothsayer, — 
Quadrille by Selim, — Canary-bird by AVhiskey, was foaled in 1830. 
Tarantella won the One Thousand Guineas of 1833 — nine runners, 
including Falernia (second), Yespa (third), and Octave; but was unplaced 
for the Oaks. 




J'ainted by AOnihain Cooper, Ji.A. 



PLENIPOTENTIARY. 



PLENIPOTENTIARY, a ricli chestnut son of Emilius,— Harriet by 
Pericles, — a dau. of Selini, — Pipylina (sister to Pipylin) by Sir Peter, — 
Ptally by Trumpator, was bred by Mr. S. Batson in 1831. Plenipoten- 
tiary stood just fifteen hands two and a half inches high, and was a horse 
of such ponderous muscle, and carried so much flesh, that he always 
looked like a fat bullock when in training ; but no horse was ever so 
much admired for his beauty and racing points. Principal Perform- 
ances. 1834. Newmarket Craven, P.M. : Beat (Hencoe (who two days 
before had won the Eiddlesworth in a canter). Eobinson, whose orders 
were to try and cut down Plenipo by the severity of the pace, remarked 
after the race : " I came the first half mile as hard as I could lick ; 
]jut, on looking round, I saw the great fat bullock cantering by my side, 
C'onolly at the same time exclaiming, ' I'm here, Master Jemmy, only 
waiting till I'm wanted.' " Cllencoe, believed till then to be the fastest 
horse of his day, was beaten four lengths. Epsom : Won the Derby. 
At the distance Plenipotentiary collared (Hencoe, and very :;oon had him 
Ijeaten. Conolly then looked round for Shillelah, and, seeing that 
Chifney was bringing him up, he gave Plenipo his head ; and, without 



FaiitoKS Horses. 175 

the shadow of a strui^'gle, wc)ii by two lengths, (Ik'neoe l)eaten half a 
length from the .second, Doneaster : Not placed for the 8t. Leger, won 
by Touchstone. Plenipo was dead beaten early in the race ; and, the 
further he went, the further he was left behind. Foul play had mo;^t 
effectually done it;- work ; and he was not only made safe for the day, 
but hi:; constitution wa;; utterly ruined. Plenipo Avas a very difficult 
horse to saddle, and still more so to mount, rearing, plunging, and 
kicking, and using every effort to prevent ConoUy getting into the 
saddle ; but, on the St. Leger day, he made not the slightest show of 
resistance. Indeed, Conolly, after an attempt at a preliminary canter, 
observed to John Scott, "my horse is as dead as a stone." 1835. 
Newmarket : Won the Craven Stakes, the field including Nonsense, 
Cxlaucus, and Shillelah. 

PUSSY, a very dark brown dau. of Pollio (by Orville, — Blue Stockings 
by Popinjay (son of Buzzard, — a dau. of Bondrow (by Eclipse, — a 
dau. of Sweeper (by Sloe), — Escape's dam by Squirrel), Yalve by Bob 
Booty (son of Chanticleer (by Woodpecker),— lerne by Bagot), — 
Wire (sister to Whalebone), by Waxy, was foaled in 1831. Principal 
Performances. 1834. Epsom : Won the Oaks. It was not until they 
had passed Tattenham Corner that the pace was increased by Louisa 
forcing it into something like racing. May Day lay on the higher 
ground, Frank Boyce sitting quite still upon her, and having more 
the appearance of winning than anything in the race. Here Cotillon 
made an effort, but Scott saw" it was a vain attempt, and in a few strides 
she was among the hindmost. In this order they croivsed the gravel foad, 
and w^ere approaching the distance, when May Day was seen to pitch for- 
wards, falling wdth a fearful crash, and throwing Boyce over her head, 
but he was on his legs in an instant. Old John now brought Pussy to 
the fore, who up to that point had never appeared to be in the race ; and, 
so full of running was she, that it was quite evident the race was at her 
disposal, and she finally won by a length and a half. Ascot : Won the 
Ascot Derby. 

MAY DAY, a chestnut dau. of Lamplighter (b}' ]\Ierlin, — Spotless by 
Walton, — a dau. of Trumpator, — a dau. of Highflyer, — Otheothea), — a 
dau. of Eubens, — Tippitywitchett by Waxy, was bred by Lord Berners in 
1831. This Eubens Mare (the dam of May Day) was dam also of 
Eecovery, Camarine, Juniper, and Phosphorus. May Day won the One 
Thousand (guineas of 1^34, Velocity being second; but, unfortunately, 
broke her leg while running well for the Oaks and was shot. 








Painted bii J. F. Jli-rring. 



TOUCHSTONE. 



TOUCHSTONE, a broAvn son of Camel, — Banter (a low lengtliy mare 
standing 1.J..0) hj Master Henry (son of Orville, — Miss Sophia by 
Stamford), — Boadicea by Alexander (son of Eclipse), — Brunette by 
Amarantlius (son of Old England, — a dau. of Second, — a dan. of 
Starling, — Sister to A^ane's Little Partner by Partner), — Mayfly by 
Match'em, — a dan. of the Ancaster Starling, — a dau. of Clrasshopper (by 
Old Crab, — a dau. of Astridge Ball, — a dau. of Dods worth, — a Barb 
Mare), — a dau. of Sir Michael Newton's Arabian, was bred by the 
Marquis of Westminster in 1831. Touchstone was a very frail looking 
foal, and " The Druid " remarks of him — " He was in every way a 
very peculiar horse. His near fore-ankle never was good ; and, at the 
first Ascot Cup, it had almost risen to the dignity of a ' leg.' He had 
very fleshy legs, and turned his hocks out so much, and went so wide 
behind, that a barrel might have been placed between his hind legs when 
he was galloping. He went with a perfectly straight knee, and w^as 
altogether a very strange goer. Neither distance nor the state of the 



Fa lit /IS ITori^es. 177 

ground made any difference to him ; l)ut, at exercise, lie was very lazy, 
and could hardly be kicked along. He was (like his l)rother Launcelot) 
a very hard puller, and speed was his greatest jioint. In height he stood 
fifteen hands and two inches, as near as possible. The roots of his ears 
were the only coarse parts about him. It was grand to watch the 
wondrous action of his hind legs, and he was equally good for speed and 
stamina, though he required very fine riding, for he would instantly 
swerve if his jockey raised the whip. Like many other first class horses, 
both before and after him. Touchstone always failed at the Mostyn mile ; 
but he could stay for ever. He never began well, but his immense speed 
soon brouo-lit him to the fore. He o-ot his stock in almost every form, 
and they were mostly browns. Surplice was the finest and biggest of 
them, Orlando being the most beautiful. As a rule they were best at a 
mile, with but indifferent action in their slow paces, and shaky on their 
legs before they had advanced very far on their Turf career. Surplice, 
Orlando, Newminster, and Cotherstone w^ere the best of his sons." 
Principal Performances. 1834. Chester: Won the Dee Stakes, and the 
Palatine Stakes. Doncaster : Won the Grreat St. Leger, the field 
including Plenipotentiary (11 — 10 on), Bran, (xeneral Chasse, and 
Shillelah. 40 — 1 Touchstone, who was known to be amiss, and Scott 
elected to ride Lady de Grros in preference. Plenipotentiary (who had 
been poisoned) was dead beaten early in the race. About one hundred 
yards from home, Calloway gave Touchstone his head ; and he won, 
hands down, by four good lengths. The astonishment at this most 
unexpected result cannot be imagined ; but, perhaps, Calloway himself 
was more surprised at it than anybody. 1835. Doncaster : Won the 
Cup, the field including Hornsea, Greneral Chasse, and Shillelah. 1830. 
Ascot : Won the Cup. Rockingham made the running at a rattling 
pace to the distance, when Touchstone went up and defeated him easily, 
winning by two lengths. Doncaster : Won the Cup, the field including 
Carew, Venison, Bee's-wing, and General Chasse. 1837. Ascot: Won 
the Cup. Once set fair for home it was all over ; for Touchstone went 
like an arrow to the front, beating Slane at every stretch, and winning in 
a canter by six lengths. 

BRAN, a chestnut son of Humphrey Clinker, — Velvet by Oiseau, — 
Wire by Waxy, was bred by Lord Sligo in 1831. Principal Per- 
formances. 1834. Won the York St. Leger. York August: Beat 
Cotillon. Doncaster : Second to Touchstone for the St. Leger. Won 
the riascoigne Stakes. 1835. Ascot: Second to Griencoe for the Cup, 
with Nonsense, Shillelah, Pussy, and Marpessa also in the field. 

N 




/■.iiiila/ 1,11 (. Unm: 



GLENCOE, a chestnut son of Sultan, — Trampoline bj Tramp, — Web 
by Waxy, was bred by the Earl of Jersey in 1831. Regarding this 
celebrated animal, " The Druid " remarks — " Of all the countless Sultans 
Tiny Edwards had through his hands, he loved Glencoe the best. He 
was a low-backed chestnut, with great speed, and the rare Tramp staying 
power about him. His ends were very line ; and Kobinson used to look 
like a man seated in a valley." (xlencoe was sent to America; and, 
barring, perhaps, Diomed, did more to improve the racing stock in that 
country than any other imported thoroughbred ; though they took from 
lis Diomed, Saltram, Spread Eagle, Sir Harry, Archduke, Lapdog, Priam, 
St. Giles, and St. Blaise (all Derby winners), as well as Phenomenon (son 
of Herod), Spadille (son of Highflyer), Barefoot, Powton, Margrave, 
Mango, Don John, and St. Cleorge (all St. Leger winners), (xlencoe died 
in August, 1857. With all his ancient pluck, he stood up bravely 
against spasmodic colic and lung fever, for ten days, and died cpiite 
exhausted from bleeding at the nose. He was a racehorse in the fullest 
xsense of the term. 1834. Newmarket Craven: Won the Tuesday's 



Faiiioifs Horses. 1 79 

RidcUesworth Stakes in a canter; l)ut on tlie following day was beaten by 
Plenipotentiary. Newmarket First Spring- : Won the Dessert Stakes. 
Won the Two Thonsand (Inineas — seven rnnners, inchiding Flatterer 
(second), Bentley, Paris, and Viator. Epsom : Third for the Derl)y won 
by Plenipotentiary, (xoodwood : Won the Cup — ten rnnners, including 
Colwick, Famine, The Saddler, St. Griles, Marpessa, and Nonsense. Up 
to the distance Marj^essa held the lead, when Colwick and (llencoe over- 
hauled her, the old horse going strong and well ; but he was so heavy in 
hand that Bill Scott had very hard work to keep him together ; Glencoe, 
on the contrary, as light in hand as a feather, and full of running, raced 
past him at the Stand, and won in the commonest of canters by four 
lengths. AVon the Pacing Stakes. Newmarket Second October : Won 
the Grarden Stakes, beating Grlaucus and Colwick. 1835. Ascot: Won 
the Cup — nine runners, including Bran, Nonsense, Pussy, and Marpessa. 
Pounding the turn, Chifney made his mighty rush with Shillelah, closely 
followed by Famine ; but the severity of the pace soon beat them, as it 
did all the rest, scattered far and wide, Glencoe, Bran, and Nonsense 
being alone left to contest the race. A glance at Pobinson's seat (by 
those who knew his style of riding) foretold the result. Next to the rails 
this superb horseman was skimming over the sod as light and graceful as 
the dolphin shoots away from the shark. At the Betting Stand, Old John 
Day brought up Bran in the most resolute manner ; and so gamely did 
Sir Edward's colt respond to the call, as nearly to get on level terms with 
Cxlencoe ; but Pobinson, mute and motionless as a statue, just slightly 
slackened his hold on Grlencoe's head, and sent him in an easy winner by 
a couple of lengths. All the horses were in the finest possible condition ; 
and Grlencoe exhibited no sign whatever of distress. This was Glencoe's 
last race. 

GENERAL CHASSE, a lurching chestnut son of Acteeon, — Hamble- 
tonia by Stamford, — Harmonica by Hambletonian, — Monica l^y Sir Peter, 
— a dau. of Young Marske, — a dau. of Match'em, — a dau. of Tarquin, — 
Sister to Antelope by Young Belgrade, was foaled in 1831. Principal 
Performances. 1834. Won the Liverpool St. Leger, Touchstone second. 
Doncaster : Third to Touchstone and Bran for the Great St. Leger. 
1835. Liverpool : Won the Tradesmen's Cup, the field including Catherina 
and Touchstone. Newton: Won the Gold Cup. 1836. Newton: Won 
the Gold Cup. Liverpool (Ost. 41b.) : Second for the Cup, the held 
including Mimdig (8st. 71b.), Myrrha (8st. 31b.), and Stockport. Also won 
the Stand Cup, beating Miindig. 1837. Chester (Ost. 71b.): Won the 
Chester Cup, and the Cheshire Stakes. Liverpool : Beat Bee's-wing. 

N 2 




Painted btj C. Hancock. 



lYIUNDIG, ii rich chestnut son of CVitton, — Emma (dam of Cother- 
stone) by Whisker, — GilDside Fairy by Hermes, was bred by John 
Bowes, Esq., of Streathim Castle, and Gibside Park, Durham, in 1832. 
Milndig was a full-limbed, coarse -looking horse (a quality derived from 
his sire). When thoroughly extended, his action was remarkably fine 
and sweeping. Principal Performances. Epsom : Won the Derby — 
fourteen runners, including Ascot, Ibrahim by Sultan (winner of the 
Two Thousand), and Coriolanus (winner of the Doncaster Champagne 
Stakes). At Tattenham Corner the whole of the field were together; 
but as soon as they descended the hill, liobinson brought Ibrahim into 
second place ; and, on reaching the road, Mimdig on the higher ground, 
and Ascot on the lower, joined the leaders. Before reaching the Stand 
Ibrahim was beaten, and Pelops succumbed as soon as it w^as passed. 
The struggle was now confined to Ascot and Mimdig, and a most 
exciting one it was, Miindig just winning, absolutely on the post, by half 
a neck ; for, in the very next stride, Ascot's head was in front. Bill Scott 
said he ne\'er rode a severer race, and he had to shout to Nat as loud as 



Famous Horses. 181 

he could to keep liis colt from hanging on to him. jMiindig was the first 
north country horse to win the Derby. Doncaster : Unplaced for the 
Great St. Leger won by Queen of Trumps. Won the Foal Stakes. 
1S36. York: Won the King's Cxuineas. Doncaster: Second to Venison 
for the King's Gruineas. Nottingham : Won the King's Cluineas. This 
was ^liindig's last appearance on the turf. 

ASCOT, a bay son of Reveller (by Comus, — Eosette by Bening- 
borough), — Angelica by Rubens,— Plover by Sir Peter, was bred by the 
Earl of Orford in 183.2. Principal Performances. 1835. Epsom: 
Second to Miindig for the Derby. Ascot : Won the St. James' Palace 
Stakes. Unplaced for the Doncaster St. Leger. Won the Newmarket 
St. Leger. 

HORNSEA, a chestnut son of Velocipede, — Sister to Duport by 
Cerberus, — Miss Cranfield by Sir Peter, — a dau. of Pegasus (by Eclipse, — 
a dau. of Bosphorus, — Sister to Clrecian Princess by Forester), — a dau. of 
PajTuaster, — Pomona by Herod, — Caroline by Old Snap, — a dau. of 
Regulus, — a dau. of Hip (by Childers, — Sister to Soreheels by Basto), — 
the large Hartley Mare, was foaled in 183.2. Principal Performances. 
1835. Doncaster: Second to Queen of Trumps for the St. Leger, Sheet 
Anchor, Preserve, Miindig (winner of the Derby), and Ascot (beaten but 
a short neck for the Derby) also in the field. It was well known that in 
private trials Hornsea could give weight to Miindig ; but, to please 
Mr. Scott, he was kept in the stable on the Derby Day, though as well 
as any horse could be, the stable wishing the Squire of Streatlam to win 
the Derby. Second to Touchstone for the Doncaster " Cup " (a Gold 
Candelabrum on this occasion), with General Chasse also in the field. At 
the Red House turn General Chasse went to the front, and held the lead 
to the distance. Here Hornsea and Touchstone drew up, wdien General 
Chasse was immediately beaten ; and between the two former one of the 
most beautiful head and head contests ever witnessed ensued, the gallant 
Touchstone winning by half a head. 1836. Goodwood: Won the Cup 
beating Elis and Rockingham. 




I I II J. I. Rat uiij. 



QUEEN OF TRUMPS. 



QUEEN OF TRUMPS, a fine spanking dark brown dau. of Velocipede,— 
Princess lio^'al by Castrel, — Queen of Diamonds l)y Diamond, — a dau. of 
Sir Peter, — Lucy by Florizel, was bred by the Hon. Edward Lloyd 
Mostyn in 183.2. Queen of Trumps was one of the best mares ever seen 
on the turf ; and, up to her time, the only one that carried off both 
Oaks and St. Leger. Her sweeping action (close to the ground) much 
resembled that of her sire. Though possessed of great speed, she had a 
somewhat delicate constitution, which obliged her to carry more flesh 
than was pleasing to the eye, and which eventually prevented her training 
on. She was a bad beginner ; and, in her gallops, she appeared to go 
lame, first with one leg and then with the other, till she seemed to be 
lame all round. Principal Performances. 1835. Epsom : Won the 
Oaks — ten runners, including Preserve (winner of the Clearwell, Criterion, 
and One Thousand Guineas). .2 — 1 on Preserve, 8 — 1 Queen of Trumps. 
The wonderful superiority of the Queen over all her competitors, was 
known only to a select few. At Tattenham Corner, Preserve rushed to 
the front ; but, at the road, Tommy Lye gave Her Majesty her head. 



F(inu)iiH Horses. 183 

when she instantly passed Preserve, and won, hands (h)wn, in the easiest 
fashion. Doncaster : Won the Great St. Leger — ten runners, inchidin"- 
Hornsea (known privately to be better than Miindig), Sheet Anchor, 
Preserve, ]\Iiindig (winner of the Derby), and Ascot (who was only just 
beaten by ^Vliindig- for the Derby). Hornsea, Sheet Anchor, Preserve, and 
Queen of Trumps, in the order named, came on in front up to the rails, the 
pace having- been very fast all the way ; but Lye kept tight hold of the 
Queen's head to just within the distance post when he let go one finger 
on the rein, and she came away, amid signals of severe distress on all 
sides of her; and won, in the commonest of canters, from Hornsea, who, 
though dreadfully punished by Scott for the last half-mile, never once 
flinched, but ran gamely on to the bitter end. 

IBRAHIIYI, a bay son of Sultan, — Sister to Co1)web by Phantom, was 
bred by Lord Jersey in ISS.^, and won the Two Thousand (xuineas of 
1835 — four runners only. Epsom : Unplaced for Derby won hy Mimdig. 
Ibrahim was sent to France in 1835. 

PRESERVE, a chestnut dau. of Emilius,— Mustard (dam also of 
Perfume, Marmalade, and Morella) by Merlin (s(jn of Castrel), — Morel by 
Sorcerer, was bred by Mr. Greville in 1832. Principal Performances. 
1834. Newmarket: Won the Clearwell Stakes, Hester second. Won 
the Criterion, Hester second. 1835. Newmarket: Won the One 
Thousand Gruineas — three runners only. Epsom : Second in the Oaks to 
Queen of Trumps. Goodwood : Won the Drawing-Eoom Stakes. 
Walked over for the Verulam Stakes. Pan second to Glaucus for the 
Goodwood Stakes — fourteen runners. Doncaster : Unplaced for the 
St. Leger won by Hornsea. 

SHEET ANCHOR, a dark brown son of Lottery,— Morgiana by 
Muley, — Miss Stephenson by Scud or Sorcerer, — Sister to Pet worth by 
Precipitate, — a dau. of Woodpecker, — Sister to Juniper by Old Snap, — 
Young Marske's dam by Blank, was foaled in 183.2. "The Druid" 
observes, — " Nearly all the Lotterys had a strong Chase as well as Turf 
stamp about them. Lottery's principal son. Sheet Anchor, was quite the 
rage in Yorkshire, after having won the Colt Sapling Stakes at York 
Spring, when quite unprepared." Sheet Anchor stood sixteen hands one 
inch high, and was a horse of great bone and power. Principal 
Performances. 1835. Doncaster: Third for the St. Leger to Queen of 
Trumps and Hornsea. 183G. Newmarket : Last three miles of B.C. 
beat Hornsea. This was Sheet Anchor's last appearance on the turf. 
He was sire of Weatherbit, and grandsire of Beadsman, the sire of 
Rosicrucian, Blue Gown, Green Sleeves, Pero Gomez, &c. 




I;,i,itrd l„i J. F. J/nriii,!. 



BAT MIDDLETON. 



BAY MIDDLETON, an undefeated bright bay son of Sultan,— Cobweb 
by Phantom, was bred by the Earl of Jersey in 1833. " No horse," says 
" The Druid," " that Mr. Herring ever painted, impressed him so firmly 
in the belief that this distinguished son of Sultan possessed both the heart 
and muscular power to do what he liked with an}^ horses opposed to him. 
Bay Middleton was a most frantic subject to handle at first, and became 
so unruly that Lord Jersey begged James Robinson to go down to New- 
market to ride him. Arriving by coach at midnight, Kobinson knocked 
up Edwards (his Lordship's trainer) who exclaimed, ' Thank God, you've 
come. He's bolted with everybody, and we'll gallop him in the morning, 
at the Cambridge Gap.' Before mounting, Robinson had some fearful 
warnings from the head stable-boy, who was told, in reply, to hold Bay 
Middleton fast by the head till Robinson was well seated. The martin- 
gale being too short, ' the boy ' was ordered to let it out, when the horse 
trod upon it and broke it, and, finding his head loose, went off like a 
shot. Edwards on Sepoy tried to lead him, but he had no notion of 



Fdiiioif.s Hoiscs. 185 

following- anything. liobinson, by degrees, made him quite docile ; and, 
in his match with Muezzin, he went off with his ears pricked." Principal 
Performances. 1S3G. Won the Two Thousand Guineas, Elis second. 
Won the Derby. Within the half-distance, liobinson (on Bay 
Middleton) challenged Gladiator, ran level with him for fifty yards, and 
then went brilliantly ahead, iinally winning by two lengths. New- 
market : Won the Grand Duke Michael Stakes, beating Elis. " This was 
a tremendous struggle, and will never be forgotten by those wdio saw it ; 
but, notwithstanding Day's resolute riding of Elis, and the lavish use of 
whip and spur to the Hanks of one of the best and gamest horses that 
ever ran. Bay Middleton secured the victory by a length. The struggle 
between these two Turf giants has been immortalized by the brush of 
old Herring, in a picture which still adorns the dining-room of the late 
Sir Tatton Sykes at Sledmere. This was the only occasion on which 
Eobinson (who was always a tender and considerate rider) ever touched 
Bay Middleton. The ground was very heavy going, which the horse did 
not like, any more than his renowned son, the Flying Dutchman. 
Eobinson, in truth, had waited too long. He saw his error just in time, 
and speedily rectified it ; but it was at Bay Middleton's expense. Had 
he come earlier with him, the race never could have been in doubt, grand 
horse as Elis unquestionably was. Eobinson was admitted to be the 
premier jockey of his day. Nothing in the art of riding ever equalled 
Prank Buckle's bull-dog courage, Jem Eobinson's ' short heads on the post,' 
and Sam Chifney's ' mighty rushes ' and ' power in the saddle.' " New- 
market Houghton : Gave Muezzin 131b. and a beating over the Ditch 
Mile. This was the last appearance on the Turf of this magnificent son 
of Sultan. His stock were fac-similes of himself — fine, bright bay horses. 
CYPRIAN, a bay dau. of Partisan,— Frailty by Filho-da-Puta,— 
Agatha by Orville, — Star by Young Marske, — Emma by Telemachus, — 
A-la-Grecque by Eegulus, was foaled in 1S33, and won the Oaks of 1836. 
About a distance and a half from home, Cyprian, Fair Jane, Province, 
Marmalade, and Destiny engaged in a grand struggle, which they main- 
tained to the Stand, when Destiny and Cyprian springing forward 
simultaneously, Scott landed the latter a winner after a fine race. 
Cyprian had walked from Malton to Epsom ; and, after a brief rest, w^as 
despatched to Newcastle, where she won the Northumberland Plate 
easily, although during the month she had tramped some 300 miles on 
the road. 




Diaiai Ini J. .Stuiyi: 



VENISON, a brown son of Partisan, — Fawn by Smolensko, — Jerboa 
by Gohanna, — Camilla by Trentbam, was foaled in 1883. Venison was 
one of tbe finest moulded liorses ever seen. Tbe exquisite tapered head, 
small ears, and prominent eyes, full of fire, gave him a splendid 
aj)pearance, wbile bis ligbt, graceful, and sw^eeping action, gallant 
courage, and perfect symmetry, carried tbe deer-like resemblance to its 
utmost extent. " Tbe Druid " says of bim — " A gamer or more 
gentlemanly little horse never cantered down tbe cords ; and, cross him 
as you might, nearly all bis stock came small, with grey hairs in their 
coat, a tapering white reach bead, and a beautiful deer-like eye. Tbe 
lack of size came through his grand-dam. Jerboa. He was rather a 
lurching, long-actioned goer, and wanted a deal of assistance. His Turf 
finish was right worthy of him. He carried 9st. 01b. at Stockbridge, 
and broke down three-quarters of a mile from home ; but, thanks to the 
careful nursing of young John Day, he finished fourth, with his head at 
the winner's girths. Venison was bought at a weeding out sale for 



Faiiioxs Hor.sc-s. 187 

1 ()()/. ; and us a three-year-old was one of the most hard-worked horses 
in training. Tramping from one racecourse to another he thus kept 
himself in condition, and won eleven races between Epsom and Doncaster. 
The grace of Venison lingered amongst us for many years in the tight 
little mares he left behind him. His son Kingston, the handsome 
' Knight of the Silver Hair,' was snatched away just when breeders had 
discovered his merits as a sire." Principal Performances. 1880. Third 
for the Derby to Bay Middleton and (iladiator. Doncaster : Won the 
King's Plate — four miles — beating Mi'indig (winner of the Derby of 
1835). Third for the Doncaster Cup to Touchstone and Carew, with 
Bee's -wing and Greneral Chasse also in the field. 

ELIS, a bright chestnut son of Langar (by Selim, — a dau. of Walton, 
— Young Giantess by Diomed), — Olympia by Sir Oliver, — Scotilla by 
Anvil, — Scota by Eclipse, was foaled in 1833. Principal Performances. 
1835. Newmarket: Won the Chesterfield Stakes. Goodwood: Won the 
Molecomb Stakes. Newnuirket : Won the Clearwell, ran second for the 
Prendergast, and won the Criterion. 1830. Newmarket: Second to Bay 
Middleton for the Tavo Thousand Guineas. Goodwood : Second to 
Hornsea for the Cup. Won the Drawing Boom Stakes, and the Pacing 
Stakes. Lewes : Won the LewTs Stakes. Doncaster : Won the Great 
St. Leger — fourteen runners, including Bee's-wing, Redshank, Vulture 
(dam of Orlando), and Carew. At the Red House John Day (on Elis) 
rushed to the front, obtaining a lead of a full length, and finally winning 
easily by two lengths. 1837. New^narket D.M. : Beat Slane in a match, 
Elis giving 71b. 

REDSHANK, a bay son of Sandbeck (by Catton,— Sister to Orville by 
Beningborough), — Johanna by Selim, — Comical's dam by Skyscraper, — a 
dau. of Dragon, — Fidget's dam by Match'em, was foaled in 1833. 
Principal Performances. 1830. Newmarket : Won the Craven Stakes. 
Doncaster : Unplaced for the St. Leger. His first defeat. Lincoln : 
Won the Champion Stakes and the Gold Cup. 1837. Stamford: Won 
the Gold Cup, and the Burghley Stakes. Northampton : Won the 
Queen's Plate. Leicester : Won the Queen's Plate. Nottingham : Won 
the Cup, and the Queen's Plate. 1838. Newmarket: Won the Craven 
Stakes and the Queen's Plate. 




BEE S-WING. 



BEE'S-WING, a bay dau. of Dr. Syntax, — a dau. of Ardrossan, — Lady 
Eliza by Whitworth (son of Agonistes, — a dau. of Jupiter, — a dau. of 
Highflyer, — a dau. of Matcli'em, — Sister to Pioneer by Old England), — 
X. Y. Z's. dam by Spadille, — Sylvia by Young Marske, was foaled in 1833. 
" Bee's-wing, the most noted of all the Doctor's daughters, and the pride 
of Northumberland, stood barely fifteen hands two inches high, and always 
ran big. She had one of the sweetest heads ever seen, and her hips and 
ribs w^ere capital ; but she was rather light boned, owing, in a great 
measure, to her having been badly kept when a foal. With all his Turf 
lore, Mr. Orde had never learnt that bone and muscle must originally go 
in at the mouth. Bee's-wdng was a well advanced yearling before she 
rubbed her nose against an oat. She never hit to any horse, except 
Touchstone ; and her two sons by him, Newminster and Nunnykirk, were 
beautiful movers. She was a tremendous kicker in her stall, but showed 
no vice whatever at the post. She pulled very hard at first ; but was, 
nevertheless, a most delightful mare to ride. Bee's-wing's dam was a 
lame mare by Ardrossan, who was an immense horse, with a crest almost 



Fa)})o/fs Horses. ISO 

equalling that of the (xodolphm Aral)ian. Bob Johnson won his maiden 
race on Bee's-wing's dam at Doncaster ; but she never ran again, having 
slipped her stifle joint going home, and becoming a cripple for life." 
Principal Performances of Bee's-wing. IS 8 5. iJoncaster : Won the 
Champagne Stakes. 1830. Won the Newcastle 8t. Leger, and Newcastle 
Cup. Doncaster : Not placed for either the St. Leger, won by Elis ; or 
for the Doncaster Cup. 1837. Newcastle: Won the Cup. Doncaster: 
Won the Cleveland Stakes, and the Gold Shield (given in lieu of tlie 
Cup). 1S3S. Newcastle: Won the Craven Stakes, ran second for the 
Northumberland Plate, and won the Cup. Doncaster : Won the Fitz- 
william Stakes, and ran second to Don John for the Doncaster Cup. 
1839. Newcastle : Won the Craven Stakes and the Cup. York : Won the 
Queen's Plate, beating Melbourne, Epirus, and Humphrey. Stockton : 
Won the Cup. Eichmond : Won the Queen's Plate. Doncaster : Won 
the Pitzwilliam Stakes, beating Ej^irus. 1840. Newcastle : Won the 
Craven Stakes ; but was beaten a short head by Lanercost for the Cup. 
York : Won the Cup. Doncaster : Won the Fitzvvilliam Stakes, and 
the Doncaster Cup, beating, in the latter, The Provost and Charles XII. 
Charles XII. held the lead to the distance, when Bee's-wing and The 
Provost overhauled him, the old mare coming away and winning very 
easil3\ Kelso : Beaten half a length by Lanercost for the Cup ; and at 
the same meeting, over two miles, ran a dead-heat with Lanercost, who 
ran at a disadvantage of 21b., as compared with the weights for the Cup, 
a remarkable confirmation of form ; and further indorsed hj the result of 
the race for the Cup at Newcastle in the spring. After running the dead- 
heat, Bee's-wing, on the same afternoon, beat The Doctor and Dr. Caius 
over 2 J miles. 1841. Newcastle : Beaten by Charles XII. for the Craven 
Stakes ; but won the Cup, defeating Calypso and Lanercost. Stockton : 
Won the Cup. Doncaster : Won the Cup, and the Hornby Castle Stakes. 
Eichmond: Won the Cup. 1842. Ascot: Won the Gold Cup. New- 
castle : Won the Cup, beating Charles XII. Doncaster : Won the Cup, 
defeating Charles XII. again. As at Ascot, the fine old mare went off 
with a rattling lead, and at a pace which the others were quite unal)le to 
follow ; she was never headed, and won l)y six lengths. Her last race ; 
and a truly glorious finish to a wonderful career. From Bee's-wing have 
descended (through Newminster), The Hermit, Lord Clifden, Musjid, 
Cambuscan, Cardinal York, Adventurer, Camballo, Wheel of Fortune, 
Petrarch, Hampton, Wenlock, Hawthornden, Throstle, Ladas, Ayrshire, 
Sheen, Eoyal Hampton, &c. 




l\iiid,d I'll n.irf'H JJ'ill. 



IRISH BIBDCATCHER. 



IRISH BIRDCATCHER, a chestnut son of Sir Hercules,— Guiccioli by 
Bob Booty, — night by Irish Escape (son of Commodore, — Buffer's dam 
by Highflyer,— Shift by Sweetbriar), — Young Heroine by Bagot (son of 
Herod, — Marotte by Match'em, — a dau. of Traveller, — a dan. of 
Hartley's Blind Horse), — Heroine by Phenomenon, — Princess by 
Eclipse, — a dau. of Bosphorus (son of Babraham, — a dau. of The 
Hampton Court Childers, — a dau. of Leeds, — The Moonali Barb Mare), — 
Sister to Cxrecian Princess by Eorester, was foaled in Ireland in 1833. 
" The Druid " says, in reference to this renowned scion of the Whalebone 
line — " This chestnut son of Sir Hercules must ever occupy a distin- 
guished position in the Darley Arabian family, as the progenitor of The 
Baron and Chanticleer; and, through the former, of Stockwell and 
Pataplan, not to mention his son Oxford, the sire of that good horse 
Sterling. The direct living descendants of Birdcatcher are few. 
Stockwell, Rataplan, and Saunterer are gone ; Oxford and Sterling alone 
remain to perpetuate the stock of the light, corky, short, tight-back, and 
elastic action of one of the fastest horses that ever sped over the 
gradients of the Curragh. They who seek for a type of what 
Birdcatcher was, have to look to Saunterer, rather than to Oxford, 



Fainut'.'i JIurscs. 191 

for a family representative. His action in all his paces was grand. He 
died in March, 18G0, aged twenty-seven, leaving a long list of mares 
at the stud, the most famous of which, in recent years, were Athena, 
I'allas, Ayacanora, Lady Trespass, Peri, Manganese, Rambling Kate ; 
and those Eltham beauties, Agra, Calcavella, Elspeth, England's Beauty, 
Exact, Gossamer, iS:c. In redeeming Saunterer from the Austrians, Mr. 
Blenkiron testified to the great value he set on the Birdcatcher blood." 
Birdcatcher won several important races at the Curragh ; and, on 
retiring from the Turf, joined Lord Kossmore's stud in Ireland. 

GLADIATOR, a chestnut son of Partisan, — Pauline by Moses (son of 
W halebone), — Quadrille by Selim, was foaled in 1833, and ran second for 
the Derby of 183() to Bay Middleton — with Venison, Slane, and The 
Athenian also in the field. This was the last occasion upon which 
(lladiator appeared in public, his previous essays having been anything 
but successful. Gladiator, however, wnll be ever famous as the sire 
of Sweetmeat and Queen Mary, and grandsire of Macaroni, Carnival, 
Sweet Sauce, and Parmesan. Other celebrated members of this family 
mav be mentioned in Cremorne, Favonius, and Macy'reo^or. 

DESTINY, a chestnut dau. of Sultan, — Fanny Davies by Filho- 
da-Puta, — Treasure by Camillus, was bred by Mr. Houldsworth in 1833, 
and won the One Thousand Guineas of 183(1 — seven runners, including 
Toga, Zenana, Marmalade, and Firefly. Destiny ran second to Cyprian 
for the Oaks — twelve runners, including Marmalade, Fair Jane, Emineh, 
and Vesper. 

SLANE, a bay son of Eoyal Oak (by Catton,— a dau. of Smolensko, — 
Miss Cannon by Orville, — Cannon Ball's dam by Weathercock),— a dau. of 
Orville, — Epsom Lass by Sir Peter, — Alexina by King Fergus, was bred 
by Colonel Peel in 1833. Principal Performances. 1835. Newmarket: 
Second to Elis for the Criterion Stakes. 183(5. Newmarket : Beat 
Hornsea in a match. 1837. Re i gate : Won the Dinner Stakes, beating 
\^enison. Ascot : Second to Touchstone for the Gold Cup. Goodwood : 
Won the Waterloo Shield — three miles and three-quarters — beating a field 
of seventeen. Oxford : Won the Cup, now '1\ miles ; but formerly 
always four miles. Slane now retired from the Turf. He had " a sad 
aptitude for getting roarers, and there were no less than ten or eleven by 
him in one year. Their chief speciality was to be game and slow." 
(From -'The Druid.") 




Painted hy J. F. HerriiKj. 



PHOSPHORUS 



PHOSPHORUS, a bay son of Lamplighter, — Camarine's dam by 
Rubens, was foaled in 1834, and won the Derby of 1837. Approaching 
Tattenham Corner several retired dead beaten, so tremendous had been 
the pace all through. Rounding the corner, Caravan was seen to be 
leading, with Phosphorus a length behind him. Caravan lead to the 
distance, at which point Harry Edwards brought up Mahometan with a 
rush, and raced with Dardanelles and Hibiscus. Half-way up, Phosphorus, 
on the lower ground, was level with Caravan, and a desperate struggle 
commenced. Head by head they ran, Pavis using whip and spur very 
freely, while Greorge Edwards worked his horse in the most scientific 
manner, calm and resolute, his seat and handling being worthy of Robin- 
son's finest displays. Nose to nose, however, they still were, tiU within 
twenty yards of the winning post, where Edwards forged ahead, by magni- 
ficent horsemanship, and sent Phosphorus in the victor by half -a -length. 
The pace was very fast from start to finish. Two days before the race 
Phosphorus was so lame that John Day declined riding him ; and, but for 



Famous; Horses. 193 

Lord Berners (liis owner) insisting on his being sent to the post, 
Phosphorus wouki have remained in his stable. He never ran again in 
Enghmd. Having been sold to the Duke of Brunswick for 1000 guineas, 
and sent over to Brunswick, he was again put into training ; but his 
lameness prevented his further success on the Turf, and he was finally sent 
to the Royal Stud. 

MANGO, a dark bay son of Emilius, — Mustard by Merlin, was foaled 
in 1834. "Mango stood close upon sixteen hands high, with a form 
indicating great power. His legs were strong and well shaped, and he 
was remarkably round in the rib, as a three-year-old he had all the 
appearance of a five-year-old horse, from his great muscular development. 
In his running he was thoroughly honest, but very lazy, which accounts 
for the inequality of his performances. On many occasions his rider 
found it most difficult to get him to his speed ; and thus he was defeated 
by horses very inferior to himself." Principal Performances. 1837. 
Won the Ascot Derby. Stockbridge : Beat Wisdom. This race was 
delayed half-an-hour for the arrival of Lord Chesterfield and Mr. Greville 
(the owner of Mango), who came rattling over the hill in an open 
barouche and four, and were no sooner landed on the course than the 
former offered — ^4, in thousands, on Mango. Wisdoni (who was very 
fine drawn, for you could almost see through him) went off at score, at 
his best pace, and continued this severe running, with Mango close at his 
heels, till round'ng the turn into the straight, which they entered almost 
level. Mango on the inside, and Wisdom sweeping round to the opposite 
cords. The clang of the whips was heard all up the course, and they ran 
so nearly level all through that no one could say which had won till the 
judge's verdict of " Mango by a head " had been given. Doncaster : 
Won the Great St. Leger — thirteen runners, including Epirus (favourite), 
and Mahometan. Epirus fell soon after starting; and, at the distance, 
Henriade was thrown down by a dog. Mango winning, without any 
difficulty, by a length and a half. Won the Newmarket St. Leger. 
1838. Newmarket: Won the Claret Stakes. 

CARAVAN (who on his first appearance in public ran a close race with 
Phosphorus for the Derby) was a bay son of Camel, — Wings by The 
Flyer, and was bred by Lord Stradbroke in 1834. He won the Ascot 
Gold Cup in 1839. 




•nti'd hii Ilarni Hull. 



MELBOURNE. 



MELBOURNE, a very powerful, rich brown, son of Humphrey CHnker, 
— a dau. of Cervantes (a compact son of Don Quixote,— Evelina by 
Highflyer), — a dau. of Golumpus, — a dau. of Paynator, — Sister to Zodiac 
by 8t. (reorge, — Abigail by Woodpecker, — Firetail by EcHpse, — a dan. 
of Blank,— a dau. of Old Cade, was foaled in 1834. "The Druid" 
remarks — " It was the sight of Melbourne's knees that induced the late 
Mr. Sydney Herbert (afterwards Lord Herbert of Lea) to decline the 
offer of him, though he bought two other yearlings by Humphrey 
Clinker for .250 guineas each, belonging to Mr. Robinson, senior. The 
son, however, owned and trained Melbourne at Hambleton. Melbourne 
was knuckle-kneed from a foal ; and few horses were ever seen with so 
thin a crest, or with such length from the shoulder joint to the hip. 
The Melbourne l^lood nicked well with Touchstone, through Mowerina, 
in West Australian ; but it sometimes happened that when put to 
Touchstone mares he got his stock too long, as in the case of Sortie. 
Blanche of Middlebie, so bred, was one of the lengthiest fillies ever seen ; 
but her growth took a different turn. Cannobie, Oak-ball, Canezou, and 
Tasmania all inherited their sire's fine length. His blood, however, hit 
best for speed when the produce were short. Blink Bonny, from the 



F(i hi ns Ho rses. 195 

very peculiar droop in her tpiarters, looked as if she had l)een cut short, 
and Brocket had not (|uite length enouo-li for his frame. His stock had 
usually good legs and feet, a large head, lop ears, and the peculiar 
Melbourne blaze. Long before Melbourne failed at the stud he had done 
quite enough for his fame, as his scores of winners in Weatherby's 
pages sufficiently attest." Principal Performances. 1888. Lincoln : 
Won the Cup. 18.'39. Beverley: Won the Cup. York August : Secimd 
to Bee's-wing for the Queen's Plate, beating Epirus. 

lYIISS LETTY, a bay dau. of Priam, — a dau. of Orville, — a dau. of 
Buzzard, — Hornpipe by Trumpator, was bred hy the Hon. Thos. Orde 
Powlett, of Bolton Castle, near Middleham, Yorkshire, in 1834, and 
w^on the Oaks of 1837 — thirteen runners, including Chapeau d'Espagne 
(winner of the One Thousand Guineas). At Tattenham Corner Miss 
Letty was pulling so hard that her rider (Holmes) had the greatest 
difficulty in restraining her impetuosity. At the distance Chapeau was 
still leading ; but it was evident that Holmes had only to make up his 
mind " when to come," and the race w^as over. This he did about 
400 yards from the chair, giving Miss Letty her head, when she shot 
past Chapeau d'Espagne like a flash, winning, hard held, by three 
lengths. The pace was very strong the whole distance. Miss Letty was 
the dam of Weatherbit (sire of Beadsman and grandsire of Blue Grown, 
Rosicrucian, Pero Gomez, The Palmer, and Green Sleeves). 

AC H MET (an undefeated brother to Bay Middleton), by Sultan, — 
Cobwel>, was bred l^y Lord Jersey in 1834. Principal Performances. 
1837. Newmarket: Won the Eiddlesworth Stakes; also won the Two 
Thousand Guineas by half-a-length — nine runners, including Mustee 
(second), Troilus, Dardanelles, and Gil Bias. 

CHAPEAU D'ESPAGNE, a bay dau. of Dr. Syntax,— Chapeau de 
Paille by Bubens, — Fadladinida by Sir Peter, — Eanny by Diomed, was 
foaled in 1834. Principal Performances. 1836. Newmarket: Won the 
Criterion Stakes. 1837. Newmarket: Won the One Thousand Guineas. 
Epsom: Second for the Oaks. 1838. Salisbury: Won the Gold Cup. 
Exeter : Won the Devonshire Stakes. Abingdon : Won the Cup. 



o 'Z 




riiiiilaJ by F. C. Turner. 



HARKAWAY. 



HARKAWAY, a chestnut son of Economist, — a dan. of Nabocklisli 
(son of Rugantino, Brother to Irish Escape), — Miss Tooley by Teddy the 
Grrinder (son of Asparagus, — Stargazer by Highflyer, — Miss West by 
Match'em), — Lady Jane by Sir Peter, was foaled in Ireland in 1834. 
Harkaway, though termed a chestnut, was really in colour a pale yellow 
sorrel. He was a powerful, but coarse and angular-looking, horse ; so 
much so indeed as to resemble a carthorse rather than a racer. It was 
when in action that the astounding powers of the horse were seen, and 
the apparent ease to himself with which he galloped. His vast stride 
and great speed were truly amazing. His head was light, bony, and 
long, with ears fine and well set on. His neck was light, short, well- 
formed and muscular. Principal Performances. 1 S3 7-8. Won eleven 
races in Ireland, including the Royal Whip. 1838. (xoodwood : Won 
the Cup, beating Hyllus, Deception (winner of the Oaks), The Doctor, 
Epirus, and Beggarman. This was one of the fastest run races on record, 
Harkaway winning from start to finish. Altogether Harkaway started 
in thirty-eight races, winning twenty-five. His remarkable success on 
the Turf made the Americans very anxious to get possession of him, and 



Fainof(s Horses. 197 

they comniissioiu'd their a^-eut, thr()ni>"li Messrs. Tattersall, to inquire 
tlie price, and whether the horse was still in work ? To this 
]\[r. Ferg'usson (his then owner) replied — " The price of Harkaway is 
six thousand <i-uineas, and I hunt him twice and thrice a week." 

DON JOHN, a l)rig-ht bay son of Tramp or Waverley, — Hetman 
Platoff's dam by Comus, was foaled in 1885, and sold to the Earl of 
Chesterfield. Don John stood about fifteen hands three inches high, and 
was indisputably the best three-year-old of his year. Principal 
Performances. 1837. Doncaster : Won the Champagne Stakes. 1838. 
AVon the St. Leger — seven runners, including Ion (second), Lanercost, 
Cobham (who broke down), and The Hydra. Shortly after passing the 
Red House, Don John had all his opponents beaten, winning in the end 
by over a dozen lengths in the commonest of canters. Time 3min. ITsec. 
He also won the Doncaster Cup easily, beating Bee's-wing, The Doctor, 
and ]\rell)ourne. 

LANERCOST, a brown son of Liverpool (by Tramp), — Otis by Bustard 
(son of Buzzard), — a dau. of Election, was foaled in 1835. Lanercost was 
purchased as a yearling for 136/. Principal Performances. 1839. Second 
to Charles XII. for the Doncaster Cup, Bee's-wing third. Won the 
Cambridgeshire. 1840. New^castle : Won the Grold Cup, beating 
Bee's-wing. Goodwood : Second to Beggarman for the Gold Cup, with 
Hetman Platoff and Charles XII. also in the field. 1841. Ascot : Second 
to Satirist for the Queen's Vase. Won the Ascot Gold Cup, beating 
Elambeau, St. Francis, and Bloomsbury. 184.2. Chester (9st. 91b.) : 
Second to Alice Hawthorn (4yrs., Gst.) for the Chester Cup, with Satirist 
(4yrs., 8st. 71b.), and Cruiskeen (aged, 8st.) also in the field. Ascot : 
Started favourite for the Gold Cup won by Bee's-wing, but finished in 
the rear. This was the last appearance of Lanercost on the Turf. War 
Eagle and Van Tromp w^ere the best of his get, wdth Ellerdale and 
Catherine Hayes next. He was also sire of the speedy Cosmopolite. His 
stock as a rule were known by their ewe necks, lazy looking heads, and 
listless gait. 

ION, a brown son of Cain (by Paulo witz, — a dau. of Paynator, — a 
clau. of Delpini, — a dau. of Young Marske, — Gentle Kitty by Silvio, — 
a dau. of Dorimund, — Portia by Eegulus, — The Spot Mare), — Margaret 
by Edmund (son of Orville, — Emmeline by Waxy,— Sorcery by 
Sorcerer), — Medora by Selim, was foaled in 1835. Principal Per- 
formances. 1837. NewTnarket : Second for the July and Chesterfield 
Stakes. Won the Clearwell. Third for the Criterion. 1838. Second 
to Amato for the Derby. Second to Don John for the St. Leger. 




GREY MOMUS. 



GREY lYIOIYlUS, a grey son of Comiis, — a dau. of Cervantes, — Emma 
by Don Cossack (son of Haphazard, — Alderney by Skyscraper, — Cceliaby 
Volunteer), — Vesta by Delpini, — Faith by Pacolet, was foaled in 1835. 
Faith and Pacolet were both greys. Besides Vesta, Faith was also the 
dam of Marcia by Coriander, of the grey Brilliant by Phenomenon, and 
of the grey Camilliis (afterwards so great a favourite of Sir Tatton's at 
Sledmere), by Hambletonian, and of the bay Dion by Spadille, who, as 
well as Brilliant, was sent to America. Principal Performances of Grrey 
Momus. 1837. Goodwood: Won the Lavant and the Molecomb Stakes. 
1838. Newmarket: Won the Two Thousand Cxuineas, Bamboo being 
favourite. Nothing daunted by his defeat. Lord Suffield matched 
Bamboo to run Grey Momus at even weights over the Rowley Mile. 
The race came off on the Thursday, the Two Thousand having been run 
on the Tuesday, and the grey won far more easily than before. Third 
for the Derby won by Amato. Won the Ascot Cup, beating Epirus and 
Caravan. Goodwood : Won the Dra\^dng Boom Stakes, and the Pacing 



Famous Horses. ID!) 

Stakes. Xewniarket : Won the (Irand Duke Michael Stakes. 1839. 
Newmarket : Won the Port Stakes. 

AIYIATO, a brown son of Velocipede, — Jane Shore hj Woful, — 
Belladonna b)- Seymonr,— Grramarie by Sorcerer, was bred by Sir (iilljert 
Heathcote, of The Durdans, Epsom, in 1835. Amato was a finely-shaped 
horse, standing fifteen hands and a half high, with slender legs and light 
neck. His splendid trial a few days before the Derb3% known only to Sir 
(xilbert, his trainer, and two or three friends of the stable, was kept quite 
dark. Amato, on his first and only appearance upon a racecourse, won 
the Derby of 1838, defeating twenty -two opponents, including Grrey 
Momus (winner of the Two Thousand). On getting fairly into the 
straight, Amato rushed up between Grey Momus and Ion ; and although 
Ion headed Urey Momus at the half -distance, he had not the ghost of a 
chance against Amato, who, hard held, kept him at his heels all the way, 
and Avon, hands down, by a couple of lengths. 

INDUSTRY, a bay dau. of Priam,— Arachne by Filho-da-Puta,— 
Treasure by CamiUus, — a dau. of Hyacinthus, — Flora by King Fergus, — 
Atalanta by Match'em, was bred by the Earl of Chesterfield in 1835, and 
won the Oaks of 1838 — sixteen runners, including Callisto, Mecca, and 
Caroline Elvina (the latter described by " The Druid " as the finest mare 
ever seen at Newmarket, and started by Lord Chesterfield expressly to 
make the running for Industry). Callisto swept round Tattenham Corner 
with a two lengths lead ; but, at the distance, w^as challenged by Sister 
to Marvel, and the race became very close and exciting. At the half- 
distance, Scott (on Industry) collared Callisto, Mecca, at the same instant, 
making a rush ; but for one moment only was the race in doubt, as 
Industry was clear of her opponents a few yards from home, Callisto 
beating Mecca a neck for second place. Industry was a pretty mare to 
the eye, and possessed of considerable spirit, but she was of an uncommonly 
nervous temperament. 

BARCAROLLE, a bay dau. of Stumps (by Whalebone, — Scotina by 
Delpini), — Katherine by Soothsayer, was foaled in 1835, and won the 
One Thousand Guineas of 1838. Barcarolle's chance for the Oaks 
was destroyed by illness. Stumps, the sire of Barcarolle, was " the 
first sire Sir Tatton ever bought, and he combined his fifteen-two 
standard with rather light bone. . . . He had Delpini's style of 
head ; and it w^as from his light fore-legs, and his stumped up way of 
going on them, that he acquired his name. His end was a sad one. He 
caught a fatal inflammation from wandering up and down a field on a 
rainy night with his sheets dragging at his heels." (" The Druid.") 




CHARLES XII. 



CHARLES XII., a curiously coated dark brown son of Voltaire, — 
Wagtail by Prime Minister, was foaled in 1830. Charles XII. stood 
sixteen hands at three years old, and was of a very delicate constitution. 
Principal Performances. 1839. Doncaster : Won the St. Leger, the 
Held including Euclid, Bloomsbury, and The Provost. " In going over 
the deep ground, near the Eed House, Charles XII. was several lengths 
ahead of Euclid, the pace growing more and more severe. At the 
distance, Euclid, who had been gradually getting up, went to Charlie's 
head, looking all over like the winner, and the excitement became intense. 
In the run in Euclid was many times driven against the rails by Charles, 
but still managed to make a dead-heat of it. In the deciding heat, 
Conolly (on Euclid), cantered in front for the first mile. Bill Scott not 
attempting to force the pace with Charles XII. At length Euclid broke 
into strong running ; and, in going over the deep ground, Charles was 
several lengths behind. After passing the Red House, however, Scott 
made up his ground ; and, at the distance, the rivals once more found 
themselves head to head. Another desperate struggle now ensued ; but 



Faiiioiix Horses. 201 

at the stand Charles got the best of it, and just won by a head. Both 
horses ran most gamely." Also won the Doncaster Cup, beating 
Lanercost and Bee's- wing ; Charles XII. was now sold for' 3()()() guineas. 
Newcastle : Won the Craven Stakes, beating Bee's- wing, (loodwood -. 
Won the Cup, beating Hyllus and Colwick. Wolverhampton : Won the 
Cup, beating the grey Isaac (the best Cup horse of his day). 1842. 
Goodwood: Beat Hyllus in a match for 1000 sovs. over the Cup course, 
giving him 51b. Won the (loodwood Cup. Doncaster : Second for the 
Cup to Bee's-wing, with Attila also in the field. 1848. Doncaster: 
Second to Alice Hawthorn for the Cup. His last race. 

EUCLID, a chestnut son of Emilius, — ^Maria by Whisker, — Gribside 
Fairy by Hermes, was foaled in 1830. Euclid was a line ;4iowy horse, 
with great muscular power and good legs, standing about fifteen hands 
two inches. Principal Performances. 1839. Ascot: Won the St. James' 
Palace Stakes, in the scarlet and white of Mr. Thornhill. Doncaster : 
Beaten for the St. Leger by Charles XII., after a dead-heat. New- 
market : Won the Grand Duke Michael Stakes. 1840. Newmarket : 
Won the Claret Stakes. Beat The Corsair in a match. 

THE CORSAIR, a black son of Sir Hercules, — Gulnare by Smolensko, 
— Medora by Selim, was bred by His Majesty King William the Fourth 
in 183G, and upon his first appearance in public won the Two Thousand 
Guineas of 1839. 

CARA, a bay dau. of Belshazzar (by Blacklock, — Manuella by Dick 
Andrews), — Fauchon (sister to Lapdog) by Whalebone, — a dau. of 
Canopus, was foaled in 1830, and won the One Thousand Guineas of 
1839. 

THE PROVOST, a brown son of The Saddler, — Eebecca by Soothsayer, 
— Prudence by Waxy, was foaled in 1830. Principal Performances. 
1839. Doncaster: Won the Scarborough Stakes. Northallerton: Won 
the Gold Cup. 1840. Newcastle (8st. 51b.) : Second for the Northumber- 
land Plate to Hetman Platoff (8st. 41b.). Doncaster: Won the Four- 
Year-Old Stakes. Second to Bee's-wing for the Gold Cup, with Charles 
XII. third. 1842. Catterick Bridge : Won the Gold Cup Stakes. York 
August : Won the King's Plate. 




Pniiilid till .1. /•'. Ilirrui'j. 



HETMAN PLATOFF. 



HETIYIAN PLATOFF, a bay son of Brutandorf — a dan. of Comus — 
Marciana Ijy Stamford (son of Haphazard, — Bess by Waxy, — Vixen by 
Pot-8-os, — Cypher by Squirrel), — Marcia by Coriander, — Faith by Pacolet, 
was foaled in 1S36. "The Druid" says of Hetman Platoif— " He had 
much finer speed than Charles XII., although the latter stayed rather the 
best ; but still John Scott and his brother Bill always fancied that if the 
Hetman had not thrown out a curb he would have been the A 1 on the 
St. Leger day." "Hetman Platoif was," he observes, "a wonderful 
weight carrier, and a horse of such boundless nerve that he would have 
faced a park of artillery and never have moved a muscle." Principal 
Performances. 1839. Second for the Cambridgeshire. 1840. Won the 
Northumberland Plate. 

DECEPTION, a bay dau. of Defence, — Lady Stumps by Tramp, — a 
dau. of Cervantes, — Fanny by Sir Peter, was foaled in 1830. Principal 
Performances. 1839. Epsom: Second for the Derby to Bloomsbury. 
Won the Oaks, Carolina (second). Groodwood : Won the Drawing Eoom 
Stakes ; and (71b. extra) ran third for the Cup to Harkaway and Hyllus. 
DecejDtion was, if not quite the best, cerfainly one of the best fillies that 



Fa))iof(s Horses. 20.'^ 

ever started for the Oaks. Her owner, Fulwar Craven, was a very exti*a- 
onlinaiy character. In all that he did, and all that he said, there was a 
dry, eccentric, humour, which was peculiarly his own, but which never 
overstepped the bounds of good breeding and kindly feeling. He was 
first cousin to the then Earl Craven, and resided for many years at 
Chilton Park, Wilts, celebrated for the finest collection of British birds 
ever seen in this kingdom, all of them procured and arranged by himself. 
The foiff-oisoiibic of the man was most remarkable. The careless cock of 
his battered white hat was in itself all c/iaracfcr, and equally so was the 
full-spread tie of his crimson bandana, the colour of which he never 
changed, the half-open striped waistcoat, and the sporting cut of his 
brass-buttoned brown coat, with another bandana (generally purple and 
orange) peeping from its breast-pocket. His drab breeches fitted to per- 
fection, and his gaiters of the same colour were studiously let down at the 
back in order to display a few inches of a pink silk stocking. He almost 
alway:; carried a massive gold snuff box in his hand, and occasionally a 
purple jacket (his racing colour), carelessly Hung over his left arm. 
Latterly, his crimson bandana tie was decorated with beautiful likenesses 
of his two favourite horses, Longwaist and Deception, wrought in fine 
gold, and worn one above the other. Other horses owned by him were 
Pic-nic, Fly-by-Night, Janette, and that fine filly Pastime, who was a 
long way the best of the field that started for the Oaks of 1825; as, 
although she went very lame to the post, she was only beaten by the 
finest piece of jockeyship on record, when Sam Chifney got Wings home 
in front of her. 

HYLLUS (brother to The Hydra), a bay son of Sir Hercules,— Zebra 
by Partisan, — Venom by Eubens, — Spitfire by Beningborough, was 
foaled in 1836. Principal Performances. 1839. Groodwood : Second to 
Harkaway for the Cup, with Deception (third). The Doctor, Epirus, and 
Besrsrarman also in the field. 1841. Goodwood : Second to Charles XII. 
for the Cup, with Col wick and Pocahontas also in the field. 184.2. 
Ascot (9st. 71b.) : Second for the Ascot Stakes. 

SLEIGHT-OF-HAND, a somewhat narrow and delicate-looking brown 
son of Pantaloon (by Castrel, — Idalia by Peruvian), — Decoy by Filho-da- 
Puta, — Finesse by Peruvian, — Yiolante by John Bull, was bred by Lord 
Westminster in 1836; and, upon his first appearance in public, started 
favourite for the Derby of 1839, but ran unplaced. The Sleight-of-Hand 
mares were very grand, mostly nice bays and browns. 




LITTLE WONDEK. 



LITTLE WONDER, a bay son of Muley,— Lacerta by Zodiac,— Jerboa 
by Gohanna, was foaled in 1837. He was a particularly brilliant bay, 
standing just fourteen hands three and a half inches ; and, when in 
the stable, covered very little ground. Little Wonder performed but 
indifferently upon the only two occasions of his starting as a youngster ; 
but he won the Derby of 1840. Scott had backed Launcelot freely, 
feeling confident of success ; but, when they had almost reached the Bell, 
he saw that Little Wonder had the race in hand, and shouted out — " A 
thousand pounds for you if you stop him, Macdonald." " Too late, Mr. 
Scott, too late," was the reply. Little Wonder challenging Launcelot at 
the distance, passed him in a few yards, and was half a length in front of 
him at the stand, finally winning by a full length. Immediately after 
the race, the Hon. E. Anson entered the weighing room and presented 
Macdonald with an elegant riding w^hip from Prince Albert, as a 
testimonial to his admirable jockeyship. This was the only Derby ever 
witnessed by Her Majesty Queen Victoria. It was the opinion of many 
people that Little Wonder was more than three years old when he won 
the Derb3^ He did not win again, and broke down at Kelso in L842. 
Old Forth, the trainer of Frederick, Little Wonder, and Merry Monarch, 



Ffiiuons Horses. 205 

" was another of those trainer- jockeys of whieli Yorkshire has l)een 
pretty prolific. To the last he kept his ' Frederick weight,' and rode 
in trials with the same fine patience and tact. The Cxoodwood Cuj) was 
the race he loved best, and he was snre that, ' if a horse wins that really 
well trained, it is all up with him for the St. Leger.' Even for it, or 
an}i;hing else, he would nev^r try more than a mile and a quarter, and 
if they could get that distance well, he was ' quite ready to take the rest 
on credit.' Buckle and Jem Kobinson were his jockey idols, and he used 
to say that he Avould gladl}^ have given 500/. a year to have the first call 
of ' Old Frank.' He delighted to dwell on those finishes in which 
Buckle brought his horse with such energy on the post, ' that the very 
plates flew into the air.'" (From "Scott and Sebright," by "The 
Druid.") 

BLOOMSBURY, a very fine bay son of Mulatto,— Arcot Lass by 
Ardrossan (and, therefore, brother in blood to Maroon), was foaled in 
1S3G. Principal Performances. 1839. Won the Derby, the field 
including Deception (who, on the following Friday, won the Oaks), 
Euclid, Sleight-of-Hand, and The Corsair (winner of the Two Thousand). 
Euclid, Bloomsbury, and Deception had it all to themselves, from 
beginning to end. Won the Ascot Derby. Unplaced for the Doncaster 
St. Leger. 1840. Beaten a neck only for the Cesarewitch, with 9st. in 
the saddle. Bloomsbury was sold and sent to Grermany in 1841. 

POCAHONTAS, a bay dan. of (Hencoe,— Marpessa by Muley,— Clare 
by Marmion (by a son of Whiskey, — Young Noisette by Diomed, — 
Noisette by Squirrel, — Carina by Marske), — Harpalice by Grohanna, — 
Amazon by Driver, was foaled in 1837. Pocahontas will ever be 
famous as the dam of Stockw^ell, King Tom, Eataplan, Ayacanora, 
Knight of Kars, Knight of St. Patrick, Araucaria, &c., and grand-dam 
of Blair Athol, Lord Lyon, Achievement, The Marquis, St. Albans, 
Caller Ou, Kettledrum, Doncaster, Blinkhoolie (sire of Wisdom), &c. 
The Stud Book may be searched in vain for any other brood mare whiclu 
in three successive years, produced such a trio of colts as Stockwell, 
Rataplan, and King Tom. 




j;g aaaaeea^Ba aajv:^^'as£;ag«gK' 



!s-5t;gtg?*£23| 



Piiiiitri/ hii F. C. TiinuT. 



CRUCIFIX. 



CRUCIFIX, an undefeated bay dan. of Priam, — Octaviana by Octavian, 
— a dan. of Shuttle, — Zara by Delpini, — Flora by King Fergus, was 
bred by the Earl of Chesterfield in 1837. According to the received 
equine standard of perfection, Crucifix presented some striking exceptions ; 
yet, notwithstanding, she possessed racing qualities that defied criticism ; 
and was, altogether, one of the most extraordinary animals on record. 
Her neck was long and light, shoulders oblique and thin, and her brisket 
exceedingly deep. Her chest, however, was very narrow, more so even 
than Teddington's, her arms and legs small, and her toes turned out like 
an opera dancer's. She was flat-sided, had short back ribs, wide hips, 
drooping quarters, and flat thighs. These peculiarities gave her a very wiry 
appearance. Indeed she looked all wire. She stood nearly sixteen hands 
high, was as nimble as a cat, and had the useful faculty of reaching the 
top of her speed in a few strides, and without any apparent effort. After 
winning the (Jaks her legs quite gave w^ay, and she wasted to a shadow 
before she died. She was buried beside Bay Middleton ; and, near their 
graves, John and Alfred Day each planted a cedar tree. Principal 



Fa mo Its JIurses. 207 

Performances. 1889. Newmarket: Won the July Stakes, and the 
Chesterfield Stakes. Goodwood : Won the Lavant Stakes, and the 
Moleeomb Stakes. Newmarket : Won the Hopeful Stakes, the Clearwell 
Stakes, and the Prendergast Stakes ; and, giving 71b., ran a dead heat 
with Gibraltar for the Criterion Stakes. 1840. Won the Two Thousand 
Guineas, the One Thousand Guineas, and the Oaks. Crucifix now took 
leave of the Turf. Her races were won so easily that description is 
unnecessary. 

LAUNCELOT (brother to Touchstone), a brown son of Camel, was bred 
by the jVlarcpiis of Westminster in 1837. Lanncelot had enormous 
speed, and pulled even harder than Touchstone, with his head right in 
his chest. Hardly anyone could hold him, and the hunting curb which 
Bill Scott selected for his St. Leger race was a most formidable affair. 
After his race for the St. Leger (on which occasion he was certainly 
not in his right form, having been overtrained and run off his legs), 
Lanncelot lay for two whole days in his box unable to move. Maroon, 
however, w^as decidedly the better horse of the two, on that day at least, 
and could have won, had he been permitted to do so, without the 
slightest difficulty. Principal Performances. 1830. Doncaster : Won 
the Champagne Stakes. 1840. Second to Little Wonder for the Derby: 
Won the St. Leger. At the Red House turn, the race apparently lay 
between Maroon (Lord Westminster's second string) and Gibraltar, 
although Lanncelot was leading. As they crossed the second road, Nat 
Flatman brought Gibraltar up to the girths of Maroon, who was going 
very strongly indeed. Holmes, not liking this challenge of Nat's, 
instantly sent Maroon up to Launcelot's quarters, whose leg veiy shortly 
afterwards gave w'ay ; but he ran on most gamely — the strangest part of 
the performance being the difficult}^ Scott (on Lanncelot) found to win, and 
the still greater difficulty Holmes (on Maroon) found it to lose. Gibraltar 
was only beaten a neck for third place. 

MAROON, a bay son of Mulatto,— Miss Giles by Lottery,— Arcot Lass 
by Ardrossan, was foaled in 1837 ; and ran second to his stable 
companion (Lanncelot) for the St. Leger of 1840. 

GIBRALTAR, a bay son of Muley, — Young Sweet-pea by Godolphin, — 
Sweet-])ea by Selim, was foaled in 1837. Principal Performances. 
1839. Second to Crucifix for the Clearwell. In receipt of 71b. ran 
Si dead-heat with Crucifix for the Criterion. 1840. Third for the 
Doncaster St. Leger to Lanncelot and Maroon. Won the Newmarket 
St. Leger. 1841. Newmarket: Won the Port Stakes. 




VULCAN, a l^rown son of Verulam (by Lottery, — Wire by Waxy), — 
Puss by Teniers (son of Eubens, — Snowdrop by Highland Fling), — Cora 
by Peruvian, — a dau. of Alexander (l)y Eclipse), — Berrington by Sweet 
William,— a dau. of Herod,^Flora by Squirrel, was foaled in 1837. 
Principal Performances. In 1840 and the earlier part of 1841, Vulcan 
was running in Ireland. Having been sent to England, he won the 
Cambridgeshire very easily from a field of twenty -two, including 
Cruiskeen (winner of the Chester Cup), Pocahontas, Iliona (winner of 
the Cesarewitch) and The Corsair (winner of the Two Thousand Gruineas 
of 1839). Vulcan also won a couple of matches at the same meeting. 
184.2. Shrewsbury: Won the Cup. Cheltenham: Won the Cup. 
Liverpool : Won the Cup, after a dead-heat with Ehodanthe. In the 
run off, Vulcan only won by a neck, after a desperate struggle. Won 
the Cups at Hereford and Warwick. 1843. Broke down in running for 
the Leamington Stakes, and was taken out of training. 

THEON (own brother to Euclid), a beautiful dark brown son of 
Emilius, — Maria by Whisker, was bred by the Duke of Cleveland in 
1837. Standing about 15.3, Theon showed fine symmetry and great 



Famous Horses. 209 

power, aiKl was possessed of extraordinary speed. Writing of the 
"Line of Emilius," "The Druid" observes that " Theon showed a deal 
more quality than any of the family. He had very few blood mares sent 
to him, but got some superb hunters. His racing stock were, like 
himself, good hardy browns, the best of them being Sagacity and 
Sophistry. Alcoran (Theon's best son) was a colt of high promise, but 
became incurably lame during his three-year-old season." Theon won a 
sweepstakes at Doncaster in 1839, beating Launcelot ; and was taken out 
of training after running unplaced for the Derby of 184(3. 

ST. LAWRENCE, a \rown son of Skylark (son of Waxy Pope) or of 
Lapwhig (son of Whalebone, — Lapdog's dam), — Helen by Blacklock, — 
Helena by Rubens, — Sprightly by Whiskey, — Eomance by Grouty (son 
of Sir Peter, — "The Yellow Mare" by Tandem),— Mademoiselle by 
Diomed, — ^Belle by Justice, — a dau. of Old Marske, — Susannah by 
Bajazet, — Eegulus Mixbury by Regulus, was bred in Ireland in 1837. 
Principal Performances. 1839 — 1841. Won various races in Ireland, 
including the Corinthian Stakes, the Royal Whip, the Stewards' Plate, 
and live Queen's Plates — all at The Curragh ; and the St. Lawrence 
Stakes at Howth Park. 1843. Won the Cups at Bibury and 
Tewkesbury ; and Queen's Plates at Salisbury, Egham, Weymouth, 
Warwick, and Leicester. 1847. Now ten years old. Chester : Won 
the Cup — twenty-nine runners, including Mendicant (winner of the 
Oaks of 1840). Newcourt led to the distance, when St. Lawrence headed 
him. Half-way up. Mendicant, in turn, headed Newcourt ; and, at the 
Stand, had reached St. Lawrence, a rattling race for the remainder of 
the distance ending in favour of the latter by a head. 




CORONATION. 



CORONATION, a rich blood bay son of Sir Hercules,— Euby by 
Eubens, — a dau. of Ditto (Brother to Walton), — Agnes by Shuttle, — 
a dau. of Highflyer, — a dau. of (loldhnder, — Lady Bolingbroke by 
Squirrel, was foaled in ls;3>>. Coronation stood sixteen hands high, and 
kept his ears in a perpendicular position. Taken altogether he was a very 
handsome animal ; and, in his walk, as nimble and ehistic as a pony. 
Principal Performances. 1S41. Epsom: Won the Derby, the field 
including Van Amburgh (Bro. to Sleight-of-Hand), Ealph (winner of the 
Two Thousand Guineas, the Cambridgeshire of LS4.'2, and Ascot Cup of 
1843), Marshal Soult (Bro. to Hornsea), and Potentia (winner of the One 
Thousand (ruineas). Oxford : Won the Cup, beating Isaac and Caravan. 
Doncaster : Beaten a head by Satirist for the St. Leger, the result being 
unquestionably due to the masterly riding of William Scott, who stole 
a march on John Day. Coronation, though perfectly sound, had not had 
a gallop for a full week before the race. He did not run again. 

GHUZNEE, a bay dau. of Pantaloon (by Castrel), — Languish by Cain, — 
Lydia by Poulton (son of Sir Peter, — Fanny by Diomed), — Variety by 
Hyacinthus, — Sister to Swordsman by Weasel (son of Herod), — a dau. of 



Fanio/f.^ Horses. 211 

Turk (son of Eeguliis, — a dau. of Crab, — Ainclia's dam by Cliilders), — 
a daii. of Locust (by Old Crab, — a dau. of Childers), — a dau. of Change- 
ling- (brother to jNIatch'em), — a dau. of Old Cade, was bred by the 
^Marquis of Westminster in 1838. Languish (the dam of (xhuznee) 
absolutely languished for home, and refused to breed during the three 
years she lived abroad. Ghuznee, when she won the Oaks, stood only 
fourteen hands and three inches high ; but, as flohn Scott observed, " she 
was a perfect rattler ; and, to his mind, was one of the many proofs that 
superior-looking legs always go the quickest." After the Oaks she had 
rest and green food for a few days ; and, after Ascot, the same for a 
fortnight ; but, at the end of that time, on being taken out of her box, 
her sinews were found to be quite crooked, and she was then taken out 
of training. Had it been known in what a sad condition her legs were 
between Epsom and Ascot, she would never have been allowed to walk 
over for the Coronation Stakes. Principal Performances. 1841. Epsom: 
Upon her first appearance in public, Grhuznee won the Oaks, the field 
including Lampoon (stable companion of the winner), Miss Stilton, and 
Potentia (winner of the One Thousand Gruineas). Lord Westminster, at 
the eleventh hour, declared to win with (Ihuznee ; though a quarter of 
an hour before starting Lampoon was first favourite at 2 — 1. (Ihuznee 
started at 7 — 4. She took up the running at the road ; and although 
Miss Stilton challenged at the distance, and made a bit of a race of it to 
the Stand, Ghuznee shook her off, and won easily by a length. Ascot : 
A¥alked over for the Coronation Stakes ; and was forthwith put to the 
stud. 

POTENTIA, a chestnut dau. of Plenipotentiary, — Acacia by Phantom,— 
Augusta by Woful, was foaled in 1838. Principal Performances. 1841. 
Newmarket First Spring : Won the One Thousand Guineas — five runners. 
Epsom : Unplaced f<.)r the Derby. Unplaced for the Oaks. Newmarket : 
Won the Grand Luke Michael Stakes, beating John O'Gaunt, Eringo, 
and Chameleon. 



? :: 




ALICE HAWTHORN. 



ALICE HAWTHORN, a bay dan. of Muley Moloch —Eebecca by 
Lottery, — a dau. of Cervantes, — Anticipation by Beningborougli, was 
foaled in 1838; and was the dam of Thormanby, the winner of the 
Derby of 1860. Principal Performances. 184.2. Chester: Won the 
Cup, beating- Lanercost, Vulcan, and Satirist. Also won the Cheshire 
Stakes. 1843. Doncaster : Won the Cup b}' twenty lengths, beating 
Charles XII. Pichmond : Won the Cup, beating Nutwith (winner of 
the St. Leger). 1844. Ascot: Won the Queen's Yase, beating Robert de 
Grorham. Goodwood : AVon the Cup, beating Prizefighter and The Era. 
Doncaster : Won the Fitzwilliam Stakes, and the Doncaster Cup. Alice 
Hawthorn won many other races. 

SATIRIST, a brown son of Pantaloon (by Castrel), — Sarcasm by 
Teniers, — Banter by Master Henry, was In-ed by the Marquis of 
Westminster in 1838. Satirist stood fifteen hands and two inches hig-h, 
and had very round camel-like quarters, a small head, high shoulders, 
strong arms and legs, a star in the forehead, and the near hind foot white. 
Principal Performances. 1841. Ascot: Won the Queen's Yase, beating 



Faii/ot(-s Hor.scs. '2 1 '^ 

Lanercost. Doncaster : AVon the Grreat St. Legvr. From the One-mile 
Post to the Eed House, C\)ronation was leading- at a strong but steady 
pace, Satirist going-, stride for stride, with him, about a length behind. 
As they made the turn, The Squire, running most gamely, came up 
again (he had stumbled on descending the hill), and took third place. 
From this point only these three were in the race, all the rest being 
beaten off. As they crossed the last road, Coronation's chance for the 
first time seemed to be in jeopardy. Satirist was now almost head to 
head with him, and Coronation seemed unable to shake him off. At the 
distance, the two closed ; and John Day, finding his horse in difEculties, 
gave him a pull, when Scott shot past him ; and, in spite of all Coronation 
could do, kept Satirist's nose in front, winning by half a head. The 
Squire, a length from Coronation, was third. It is difficult to understand 
why Coronation, sound as steel, and in full vigour of health, should not 
have had a gallop for a full week before the race. But such actually was 
the case. In his preliminary canter he went in superb style, and the 
general feeling was that the St. Leger was over. Satirist, however, was 
in splendid condition, and went equally well. 

RALPH, a chestnut son of Dr. Syntax, — a dau. of Catton, — Altisidora 
by Dick Andrews, was foaled in 1838. Principal Performances. 1840. 
NeA\niiarket : Won the Criterion Stakes. 1841. Newmarket: Won the 
Two Thousand Guineas in the green and white cap of Lord Albemarle. 
Goodwood : Won the Drawing Room Stakes. Newmarket : Won the 
Garden Stakes. 1842. Won the Ascot Cup. " Ralph had the same 
prominent eye as his sire, and such a velvety skin that it was said he had 
no hair except on his mane and tail. He was poisoned just prior to the 
Ascot Cup. He w^on, but pulled up in a desperate state of gasping, and 
the perspiration and distension of the nostrils never seemed to leave him." 
(From "The Druid.") 




I'lunteti by C. Jlaiictck. 



ATTILA (W. SCOTT TJP). 



ATTILA, a very beautifully moulded bay son of Colwick, — Progress by 
Langar, — a dan. of Blacklock, — a dan. of Knowsley [by Sir Peter,— Bal^ 
by Bordeaux (son of Herod, — the Cygnet mare)], — Surveyor's dam by 
Tartar, — Sister to Comet by Old Cade, — a dan. of Young Greyhound, — 
Doll by Woodcock, was foaled in 1S89. Attila, when rising two years 
old, was purchased by CoL Anson for 1.20/. "Bill Scott," says "The 
Druid," " invariably coupled Attila with Magistrate, as having tried them 
liigher than anything they ever had at AVhitehall. Attila, when in 
condition- as a sire, was, like Sultan, one of the most beautifully moulded 
horses that painter ever glanced at." Principal Performances. 1841. 
Doncaster : Won the Champagne Stakes. Attila was tried toward the 
end of September at midnight ; and, though it was so dark that Scott 
could not distinguish the horses, he knew, from Attila's quick and 
delicate step, that he was in front ; and he finished 200 yards in advance 
of everything. Newmarket : Won the Clearwell very easily. 184.2. 
Epsom : Won the Derl)y Coldrenick (the favourite) was beaten before 
reaching Tattenham Corner ; and, at the distance, Attila shot to the 
front with the race completely at his mercy. Cotton (on Eobert de 



Ffijiio/fs Hor-srs. 215 

Gorlumi) came with a rusli; but was unable even to approach Attila, who 
won as he ])lease(l. " John Scott always considered his brother's riding 
of Satirist in the St. Leger, and of Attila in the Derby, to have been the 
finest specimens of his style, which, as far as daring and decision went, 
have perhaps never been matched." ("The Druid.") Doncaster : 
Unplaced for the St. Leger. 1S44: Fell lame in running for the Ascot 
Gold Cu]), and did not start again. 

BLUE BONNET, a bay dau. of Touchstone,— Maid of Melrose by 
Brutandorf, — a dau. of Whisker, — a dau. of Orville, — a dau. of 
Expectation (son of Sir Peter, — Zilia by Eclipse, — Jemima by Snap),^ 
Calabria by Spadille, was foaled in 1831). Blue Bonnet broke down twice 
as a two-year-old, but was quite sound at the end of the next summer ; 
and, prior to the St. Leger, beat Charles XII. in a trial, so that 
Tom Dawson did not fear Attila. " Blue Bonnet was only in the 
market a few hours before the St. Leger, and those connected with her 
won more money on the race than the Attila party did on the Derby. 
The pace at which Scott, on Attila, raced for the lead, and also after lie 
had obtained it, was most tremendous. No horse that ever lived could 
have kept it up from end to end of the St. Leger ccnirse. Blue Bonnet 
and Priscilla Tomboy ran head and head to the Stand, when Blue Bonnet, 
running the fastest and longest, was apparently winning very easily, till 
Chappie brought up Seahorse with a rush, and stuck to Blue Bonnet's 
haunches to the chair, but failed to get his head in front." Tommy Lye 
punished Blue Bonnet so severely that her flanks and ribs were lacerated 
in a hundred places. She carried 200/. of his money ; but he never rode 
for Tom Dawson's stable afterwards. Blue Bonnet, a really gcjod mare, 
was, after this, worthless as a racehorse. 

OUR NELL, a chestnut dau. of Bran, — Fury by Tramp, — Lunacy by 
Blacklock, — Maniac by Shuttle, was foaled in 1839; and won the Oaks 
of 1842. 

METEOR, a chestnut son of Velocipede,— Dido by Whisker,— Miss 
(xarforth by Walton, — a dau. of Hyacinthus, — Zara by Delpini, was 
foaled in 1*^30 ; and won the Two Thousand Guineas of 1842. 

FIREBRAND, a chestnut dau. of Lamplighter, — the dam of Recovery, 
Camarine, Phosphorus, and May Day by liubens, — Tip])itywitchet by 
AVaxy, was foaled in 1830, and won the One Thousand Guineas of 1842. 




I'nihifd }ni 11. Bitn-fiiirl. 



COTHEESTONE. 



COTHERSTONE, a thoroughly racing-like light bay son of Touchstone, 
with black legs, and grand quarters, was bred by John Bowes, Esq., of 
Streatlam, in 1840. His dam was Emma (dam also of Miindig, and 
grand-dam of West Australian) by Whisker. " The Druid " remarks — 
" Whitehall never received a thinner fleshed yearling than when John 
Scott took Cotherstone from Isaac Walker's hands. As a two-year-old he 
was always amiss. The first Earl Spencer bought Cotherstone for 3000 
guineas in 1844, before he broke down at Goodwood; and when he 
arrived at Althorp in his van his fetlocks almost touched the ground. 
Stilton was his best son, but was difficult to train." Principal 
Performances. 1843. Newmarket: Won the Eiddlesworth and the 
Column Stakes. Won the Two Thousand Cluineas three runners only. 
Epsom : Won the Derby. " Pound Tattenham Corner, the blue jacket 
and white cap of Graper led the field , but Scott brought Cotherstone 
down the hill like a flash of lightning ; and, before reaching the road, 
Gaper was beaten, and tired to nothing, as soon as the impetus of the 
descent was out of his legs. The black jacket now led the van, and 
Cotherstone came on apparently with the race in hand. But the 



Fa III fist Ilor.se-s'. 217 

contest was not yet at an end, as (xorhambury now fairly tackled tlie 
favourite. Just outside the distance, Bill Scott, taking a firm grip 
of Cotlierstone, who was now fairly extended, landed him the winner by 
a clear length." Doncaster : Beaten a head by Nutwith for the St. Leger. 
Won the Three-Year-Old Stakes. Newmarket : Won the Eoyal Stakes. 
1844. Broke down at ( rood wood. 

POISON, a bright chestnut dau. of Plenipotentiary, — Arsenic by the 
Colonel, — Arsena by Morisco (son of Muley, — Aquilina by Eagle), 
— Arethusa by Quiz,— Persepolis by Alexander, was bred by the Earl 
of Orford in 1840. Principal Performances. 1843. Epsom: Won the 
Oaks. Crossing the road the four leaders were nearly abreast. At the 
distance, Chifney, by a great effort, placed Extempore (winner of the 
One Thousand) in front ; but she could not stay, and Sam Butler rushed 
Poison at such a pace that nothing could live with her. In fact, Sam's 
rush at the finish could never be forgotten by those who witnessed it. 

EXTEMPORE (sister to Euclid), a bay dau. of Emilius, was foaled 
in 1840. Principal Performances. 1842. Newmarket: Won the July 
Stakes. 1843. Won the One Thousand Gruineas. 

A BRITISH YEOMAN, a brown son of Liverpool,— Fancy by Osmond 
(son of Filho-da-Puta), — Sister to Countess by Catton, — a dau. of 
Hambletonian, — a dau. of Shuttle, — Gentle Kitty by Silvio, was foaled in 
1840. Principal Performances. 1842. Doncaster: Won the Champagne 
Stakes. 1843. Epsom: Not placed for the Derby won by Cotherstone. 
" A British Yeoman was certainly the handsomest son that Liverpool 
ever got ; and, like him, he was remarkably clean-hocked. His highly 
promising Derby chance was destroyed by a most peculiar seizure. On 
the setting-on of his off' arm there came a soft swelling about the size 
and thickness of a large dish, and a similar one above the hock on 
the same side. Both disappeared after some time. As a getter of 
racehorses the Yeoman had but little scope given him, otherwise there 
would have been few to match him as a sire of thoroughbreds. His 
hunters were superb." 




Pdilltol hll ./. h\ llririllj. 



NUTWITH. 



NUTWITH, a bay son of Tomboy, — a dan. of Conins (by Sorcerer), — 
a tlan. of Stamford (by Sir Peter), — Miss Jndy by Alfred, was foaled in 
1840. Nntwith stood fifteen hands two and a qnarter inches high ; but, 
when mounted, had the appearance of being a smaller horse. Princi])al 
Performances. 1843. York: Second to Prizefighter for the Grreat 
Yorkshire Stakes. Doncaster : Won the Great St. Leger. At the 
distance, Prizefighter, still leading, was going at his best, as though 
he meant winning, instead of making play, as was his mission, for 
Cotherstone. At the half-distance, however, he was done with ; and 
Cotherstone and Nut with from the Stand came on together, racing 
stride for stride, and head to head, and thus they finished one of the 
finest contests ever witnessed on the Town Moor, victory resting with 
Nutwith by a short head. It has been stated that Cotherstone was 
2)ulled in favour of the second string, Prizefighter, and came too late 
when it was seen that the latter was beaten, (xully is said to have 
stood to win 5 0,000/. over Prizefighter. 

THE EIYIPEROR, a chestnut son of Defence,— a dau. of Eeveller.— 
Design (sister to Dangerous) by Tramp, was foaled in 1841. Principal 



Fa urn//. s Horses. 219 

Performances. 1S44. Ascot: Won the (fold Cup, Ideating Attila (winner 
of the Derby of 1S42, but who fell lame early in the race) and Poison 
(winner of the Oaks of 1843). Won The Emperor of Pussia's Plate 
at Ascot in 184 5 (given in lieu of the (jfold Cup), beating Foig-a- 
Ballagh, Alice B[a^^i:horn, and Cowl (who fell lame in running). This 
was the Emperor's last race. He was the reputed sire of Monarque, 
who gave so many good animals, including (lladiateur, to both the 
French and English Turf. 

FOIG-A-BALLAGH, a brown son of Sir Hercules, — Gruiccioli by Bob 
Booty, was foaled in 1841. Principal Performances. 1844. l)(jncaster : 
Won the Great St. Leger, The Cure second, and The Princess (winner of 
the Oaks) third. Newmarket : Won the (Irand Duke Michael Stakes. 
Won the Cesarewitch (8st.) by three lengths. The Emperor (7st. 131b.) 
being also in the field. Second for the Cambridgeshire (8st.), The Cure 
(7st. 131b.) being among the starters. 1845. Ascot: Second to The 
Emperor for the Emperor of Russia's Plate, with Alice Hawthorn and 
Cowl (wdio fell lame in running) also in the field. 

JOE LOVELL, a bay son of Velocipede, — Cyprian by Partisan, was 
foaled in 1841. Principal Performances. 1844. York : Won the Gfreat 
Yorkshire Stakes. Doncaster : Won the Three-Year-Old Stakes. 1845. 
Groodwood : Won a Sweepstakes. 

THE UGLY BUCK, a bay son of Venison,— Monstrosity by Pleni- 
potentiary, — Puce by Powton, — Pucelle by Muley, — Medora by Selim, 
was bred by Mr. John Day in 1841 ; and won the Two Thousand 
Gfuineas of 1844. 

SORELLA, a chestnut dau. of The Saddler, — a dau. of Partisan, — 
Pomona by A^espasian, — a dau. of Walton, — Young (xiantess by Diomed, 
was bred by Mr. Osbaldeston in 1841 ; and won the One Thousand 
Gruineas of 1844. 

THE PRINCESS, a chestnut dau. of Slane,— Sister to Cobweb by 
Phantom, was foaled in 1841, and in 1844 won the Oaks and the 
Coronation Stakes, and ran third to Foig-a-Ballagh and The Cure for the 
Doncaster St. Leger. 




J'uiiit(d by J. 1\ lla-riiiij. 



ORLANDO, a bay son of Touchstone, — Vulture by Langar, — Kite by 
Bustard (son of Castrel), — Olympia by Sir Oliver, was foaled in 1841. 
" The Druid " observes — " Touchstone was unable to counteract all the 
softness of Vulture in Orlando, whose action, which was very straight 
from the forelegs, did not convey the idea of his being a stayer, like his 
sire ; and, as a general rule, his stock were fondest of a mile. We could 
never tire of looking at him, as he stood at ease in his box, resting his 
near hind foot, and showing the rich folds of that beautiful muscular 
neck, as he turned his high-bred forehead round, and looked with that 
fine, but now dim, eye at his visitors." Orlando's best sons were 
Teddington, Trumpeter, Fazzoletto, FitzEoland, Crater, Diophantus, 
Liddington, and Zuyder Zee. Imperieuse, Little Lady, Melissa, Chalice, 
Theodora, Eurydice, Canteen, and Fravola, the best of his daughters ; 
though several proved themselves most valuable as brood mares. Before 
age and overwork at the stud had begun to tell upon him, Orlando was a 
singularly elegant and handsome horse, with an unusual amount of 
quality. He died at Hampton Coui-t in December 1868. Principal 
Performances. 1843. Ascot : Second to Wetnurse. On the way to the 



FamoiiH Horses. 221 

post, young John Day (riding Wetnurse), overheard Nat Fhitman 
(riding Orlando) propose to Sam Rogers (riding a filly of Lord Greorge 
Bentinck's) to hedge rides ; and John observed to Nat, " What's good for 
Sam must be good for me, so let me stand in as v^ell." " A very likely 
thing," said Nat, "your pigmy of a pony has no chance." "Never 
mind," retorted young John, " I can stay with you, though you are on such 
a grand one." Mr. Davis started them; but, at the word " Go," each 
stopped and looked at the others. " Mind, I've started you," observed 
Mr. Davis, and then left them. On they walked for over two hundred 
yards. "Are none of you going to take the lead?" said John ; "because, 
if not, I shall take it for you." Then Jem Robinson (riding Panther) 
chimed in with, " For goodness sake, John, canter or gallop ; otherwise 
ni}' horse will bolt." John, thus appealed to, led off at a slow canter; 
but, on nearing the brick-kilns, he gave his filly a taste of the spur, and 
stole fifty yards in a twinkling. Nat somewhat uj)set Orlando in his 
haste to follow her. Young John gave Wetnurse a gentle pull at the 
distance, when Orlando reached her girths ; and John, hearing the sound 
of Nat's whip, knew that he was driving the crack, so that he urged on 
his filly and just won by a head from Orlando. Newmarket : Won the 
July Stakes. Groodwood : Won the Ham Stakes. 1844. Newmarket: 
Won the Riddlesworth. Epsom : Won the Derby, the field including 
Ionian, Bay Momus, The Ugly Buck (winner of the Two Thousand), 
Ratan, and Loadstone. Running Rein came in first ; but was dis- 
qualified, after being proved to be not a bay colt by The Saddler — Mab, 
but a bay colt by Griadiator bred in 1840. Lord George Bentinck, 
knowing that the horse's legs had been dyed, set to work to discover 
where the dye was purchased ; and, being successful in his quest, the 
evidence gained in this way was of great assistance in pro\dng the fraud. 
It has been stated that Leander broke his leg in running, and was 
destroyed ; that his remains were dug up, his head cut off, and submitted 
to Mr. Field, who pronounced the jaw to be that of a four-year-old. 
1840. Ascot: Fell lame in running for the Emperor of Russia's Plate, 
and was withdrawal from the Turf. Just before starting Orlando threw 
his rider, and broke his bridle. 




l',!i}ltlil hll J. F. Ilrnillfl. 



THE MERKT MONARCH. 



THE lYIERRY lYlONARCH, a bright bay son of Slane,— The Margravine 
by Little John (son of Eemembrancer), — a dau. of Phantom, — 
Sister to Election by Grohanna, was foaled in 184.2. Merry Monarch 
only ran once as a two-year-old, when he was unplaced for the Ham 
Stakes at Goodwood. Upon his next appearance in public he won the 
Derby of 1845, Idas starting favourite at 8 — 1 ; and the winner being 
absolutely without a price. Alarm broke away at the starting post and 
threw his rider ; but took part in the race though much injured. As they 
swept round Tattenham Corner, Mentor collided with Paris, knocking the 
latter off his feet. His rider, Butler, struggled to release himself from 
the frightened animal ; while, at the same moment, Old England and 
Weatherbit were almost on the top of him. Many closed their eyes 
through fear of an accident ; but, fortunately, both horses cleared the 
prostrate rider of Paris, and Frank Butler escaped wdth a shaking. 
Merry Monarch shot out at the Stand, winning cleverly by a length, 
Annandale second. Old England third. He ran twice more unsuccess- 
fully. 

ALARM, a bay son of Venison, — Southdown by Defence, — Feltona by 
X.Y.Z. (son of Haphazard), — Janetta by Beningborough, — a dau. of Drone 



Famof/.s Horses. '1'2'^ 

(son of Herod), — Contessiiia hy Young jNIarske, was foaled in ls4.'2. 
While at the post for the Derby of 1S45, The Libel, who was close to 
Alarm, suddenly reared u]) on his hind legs and jumped upon the back of 
Alarm, who instantly made a desperate plunge with his head down ; and, 
pulling Nat completely out of i\\e saddle, Hung him with great violence 
into the ditch. Alarm then made a jump at the chains, coming into 
contact with them with such force as to draw the post out of the ground 
and twist the chains round his body and hind legs. After kicking and 
plunging most violently he at length got free, and galloped oft" kicking 
his best. He was caught at the bottom of the hill, remounted, and ran 
the race ^\dth the rest ; but was found to be very much cut about the 
chest, legs, and hocks, and could not lie down for some time afterwards. 
Nat, too, was so much bruised that he had to keep his bed the following 
day. Newanarket : Won the Cambridgeshire easily. 1S4G. Newmarket: 
Won the Claret Stakes. Ascot : Won the Emperor of Eussia's Plate 
(given in lieu of the Cup), the field including Jericho, Wolf Hog, Orlando 
(who broke down), and The Baron. Goodwood : Won the Orange Prize 
(three miles), the field including Jericho and Wolf Hog. New^market (8st. 
each) : Beat Sorella (winner of the One Thousand (luineas of 1844) in a 
match for 1000 sovs. over the Beacon Course. Jack Mytton is said to 
have given the terrible orders to " kill the horse, or the mare, or both." 

IDAS, a bay son of Liverpool, — Marpessa (dam of Pocahontas) by 
Muley, was bred by Lord Stradbroke in 184.'2. Standing close upon 1(5 
hands, Idas was a rich 3'ellow bay with black legs, with an extraordinary 
stride, and especially docile temperament. Principal Performances. 1845. 
Newmiarket : Won the Two Thousand Gruineas very easily, Nat flourishing 
his whip in triumph as he passed the post. Walked over for the 
Newmarket Stakes. Ascot : Won the St. James' Palace Stakes. 
Newmai'ket : Second to Jericho for the Grrand Huke Michael Stakes. 

JERICHO, a brown son of Jerry, — Turquoise by Selira, was bred by 
the Earl of Lonsdale in 1842. Principal Performances. 1845. Ascot: 
Beaten half-a-length by Weatherbit for the Welcome Stakes. New- 
market : AV^on the Grrand Huke Michael Stakes, beating Idas a head after 
a severe struggle. Won the New^market St. Leger easily, beating 
Refraction. 1840. Newmarket: Won the Port Stakes, beating Old 
England a head, after a splendid race. Miss Elis third, Idas fourth. 
Ascot : Beaten a length by Alarm for the Emperor of Russia's Plate, 
(xoodwood : Beaten a head by Alarm for the Orange Prize, after a very 
fine race. 




REFRACTION. 



REFRACTION, a brown dan. of Glaucus, — Prism by Camel, — Elizabeth 
by Eainbow (son of Walton), — Belvoirina by Stamford, was bred by the 
Duke of Richmond in 18 4'2. Principal Performances . 1844. (loodwood : 
Won the Ham Stakes, beating The Merry Monarch. Pan third for the 
Lavant and second for the Molecomb. Newmarket: Won the Clearwell. 
1845. Won the Oaks — twenty-one runners, including Hope (second), Miss 
Sarah (winner of the Great Yorkshire Stakes), Lady Wildair, Miss Elis 
(winner this year of the Goodwood Cup and Goodwood Stakes), and 
Lancashire Witch (winner of the Doncaster Champagne Stakes). 25 — 1 
against Refraction. Goodwood : Won the Nassau Stakes. Newmarket : 
Beaten by Jericho for the Newmarket St. Leger. 

SWEETMEAT, a bay son of Gladiator, — Lollipop by Starch (son of 
Waxy Pope) or Voltaire,^Belinda by Blacklock, — ^ Wagtail by Prime 
Minister, was foaled in 1842. "Sweetmeat was full of Blacklock blood, 
though he bore not the slightest trace of it. It has ever been a moot 
question whether his dam. Lollipop, w^as by Starch or Voltaire. Major 
Yarl:>urgh, the breeder and owner of Lollipop, always maintained that she 
was by Voltaire ; but, knowing the Major's wonderful partiality for this 



Fanio/is Norses. 225 

blood, so well represented in his favourite Laurel, mig-lit not tlie wish, in 
Lollipop's case, have been father to the thought ? After Sweetmeat's fore- 
leg gave way, Mr. Cookson purchased him for 300, and sold him for 800 
guineas. He was a very taking horse, but with no very great length or 
bone, was rather heavy in the shoulders, but possessed a beautiful head and 
neck. He was always a fitful getter of stock, as regarded size, though he 
seldom failed in giving them rare speed, and a dislike to distance. His 
colts, as a rule, were too big; Parmesan, however, was a notable exception; 
and, through him, the Sweetmeat blood has attained, among breeders, a 
degree of popularity equal to that of Defence. His fillies were as near 
perfection as possible, and three of them very nearly won the Oaks three 
years in succession. Marchioness intervening between Mincemeat and 
Mincepie. Comfit was, perhaps, the sweetest of all his daughters. Sweet- 
meat went suddenly blind after he went to Neasham Hall. The first eye 
went in a day, and the other followed suit ten days after. His daughter, 
the chestnut Nettle, had one of the grandest barrels ever seen, and here 
again the Blacklock blood crops up, as Wasp (Nettle's dam) was the 
grand-daughter of Bee-in-a-Bonnet by Blacklock." ("The Druid.") A 
straight outline of head, and well-shaped barrel marked the Sweetmeats. 
Princif)al Performances. 1844. Liverpool: Won the Stanley Stakes, 
beating Miss Elis. L845. Bath : Won the Somersetshire Stakes. 
Ascot : Won the Queen's Vase, beating The Libel in a canter. 
Doncaster : Won the Cup, beating Alice Hawthorn, Pantasa, and Miss 
Elis. Sweetmeat was the sire of Cherry Brandy, Conquest, Little Cob, 
Confectioner, Parmesan, Sweet Sauce, Spicebox, Brandy Ball, Carnival, 
Saccharometer, Gruava, Mincemeat, Mincepie, Nettle, Citron, Comfit, 
Maid-of-the-Tees, Uzella, Bridecake, Cheesecake, Chere-Amie, Lady 
Grrosvenor, Marmalade, Sweet Hawthorn, Entremet, &c. 

THE LIBEL, a dark brown son of Pantaloon, — Pasquinade (sister to 
Touchstone), was foaled in 1842 ; and in 1845 won the Chester St. Leger, 
beating Hope, Miss Elis, &c. ; the Ascot Trial Stakes, beating The Hero, 
Knight of the Whistle, &c. ; and ran second to Sweetmeat for the Gold 
Vase. 




J'aiiitiil 1,11 J / Jliiiti«i 



THE BARON. 



THE BARON (sire of Stockwell iind liataplan), a chestnut son of 
Irish Birdcatcher, — Echidna by Economist, — Miss Pratt by Blacklock, — 
Gadabout by Orville, — Minstrel by Sir Peter, — Matron by Fkirizel, was 
foaled in 184.2. Echidna was a plain, low, lengthy filly, possessed of the 
substance of a carthorse ; but had been tried to be useless for racing 
purposes. No better offer than " a tenner " could be obtained for her, so 
she was put to Irish Birdcatcher, and the result was The Baron, her first 
foal. From him descended Stockwell ; and from the latter, again, the 
best animals of the present day. Principal Performances. 1845. Won 
several stakes at the Curragh. Not placed for the Liverpool St. Leger. 
" John Scott was on the Stand with Lord Wilton, wdien he saw The 
Baron beaten. He was then as fat as a bull, and had bar shoes, and 
fearfully festered soles ; and had been made twice the savage he was by 
being muzzled. Still Scott fancied he had a St. Leger winner in him. 
So he was forthwith sent to Malton ; and a very rough, snappish, customer 
he was at first. . . . John Scott said The Baron required more 
work, and more careful management, than any horse he ever trained." 
(From " The Druid.") Doncaster : Won the Great St. Leger — fifteen 



FamoKs Horses. 227 

runners, including ]\Iiss Sarah (second), Pantasa (third), Weatherbit, and 
Annandale. Within fifty yards of the inclosure Miss Sarah obtained a 
sHght lead ; but The Baron caught her at the Stand, and, passing her in 
the last dozen strides, won by a length. It was not an easy victory ; and 
it was the general opinion that too much use had been made of Miss 
Sarah, who had been kept going from end to end. Newmarket : Won 
the Cesarewitch. Upon retiring from the Turf, in 1840, The Baron was 
purchased by Mr. Theobald, and joined his stud at Stockwell ; but was 
subsequently sent to France. 

WEATHERBIT, a bay son of Sheet Anchor,— Miss Letty by Priam, 
was foaled in ISA'2. Principal Performances. 1845. Ascot: Beat 
Jericho, Eefraction, and Old England. Goodwood : Beat Annandale 
(second for the Derby), and Picnic (winner of the One Thousand). 
Weatherbit was sire of Beadsman, and grandsire of Eosicrucian, Blue 
Gown, Green Sleeves, The Palmer, Pero Gomez, &c. 

MISS ELIS, a chestnut dau. of Stockport (by Langar, — Olympia by 
Sir Oliver), — Yaria by Lottery, — a dau. of Blacklock, — a dau. of 
Cerberus, — Miss Cranfield by Sir Peter, was foaled in 184.'2. Principal 
Performances. 1845. AVon the Goodwood Stakes — twenty-two runners. 
Won the Goodwood Cup, beating Weatherbit, Discord, and St. Lawrence. 
1846. Newmarket : Won the Queen's Plate for Mares only, beating 
Sorella (winner of the One Thousand Guineas of 1844). 

PIC-NIC, a bay dau. of Glaucus, — Estelle by Brutandorf, — a dau. of 
Juniper (son of Whiskey), — a dau. of Sorcerer, — Virgin by Sir Peter, 
was bred by the Duke of Pichmond in 1842 ; and won the One 
Thousand of 1845 with the greatest ease, after making all the running. 










j.^ 'g/r^~,.^' 



PuiiiU'd by J. f. JieiiiHfj, iieii. 



PTKBHUS THE FIRST. 



PYRRHUSTHEFI RST, a chestnut son of Ei^irus (by Langar),— Fortress 
by Defence, — Jewess Ijy Moses (son of Wlialebone), — Calendulie by 
Camerton (son of Hambletonian, — a dau. of Precipitate, — Magnolia the 
Younger by Pegasus, — Young Magnolia by Highflyer, — Magnolia by 
Marske), — Snowdrop by Highland Fling, was foaled in 1843. Principal 
Performances. 1840. Won the Newmarket Stakes. At the end of the 
first quarter of a mile, lago took the lead at a strong pace. Half-way up 
the cords Pyrrhus challenged ; and, after a magnificent race, in which both 
Sam Day and Frank Butler displayed grand horsemanship, lago was 
beaten by a bare half-length. Epsom : Won the Derby, beating Sir 
Tatton Sykes, who was almost left at the post, by a neck. Brocardo, 
Joinville, (Irimston, Fancy Boy, lago. Sting, Tom Tulloch, and Nannette 
colt were all within a length or two of the winner at the finish. Won 
several Queen's Plates, in one of which he beat Miami (winner of the 
Oaks of 1847). 

I AGO, a bay son of Don John, — Scandal by Selim, — a dau. of 
Haphazard, — a dau. of Precipitate, — Colibri by Woodpecker, was bred 
by Colonel Anson in 1843. Principal Performances. 1846. iSTewanarket : 



Famous Horses. 229 

Won the Cohiinn Stakes. Second to Pyrrlius the First for the New- 
market Stakes. Epsom : Close up, althougli unplaced, for the Derby won 
by Pyrrhus the First. Ascot : Won the Welcome Stakes. Goodwood : 
Won the liacing Stakes very easily. Beaten a head by Poynton for the 
Great Yorkshire Stakes. Doncaster : Beaten haK-a-length by Sir Tatton 
Sykes for the St. Leger. Newmarket : Won the Grand Duke Michael 
Stakes, beating Sir Tatton Sykes by a length. lago broke down at the 
Xewmarket First Spring Meeting of 1S47, and was withdrawn from the 
Turf. 

THE TRAVERSER, a bay son of Gilbert Gurney,— Pandora by Wrangler, 
— Miss Stephenson l^y Scud or Sorcerer, w^as foaled in 1843. Gilbert 
Gurney (sire of The Traverser) was a beautiful chestnut horse by Muley, — 
Miss Orville by Pendulum [son of Orville, — Momentilla by brother to 
Eepeater (by Trumpator)], — Misery by Camerton, — Tobinia by Toby, — 
Sister to Crassus Ijy Eclipse, — a dau. of Young Cade, — Miss Thigh by 
Eib, — Lady Thigh. Principal Performances of The Traverser. 1845. 
Doncaster : Beaten a length by Princess Alice for the Champagne Stakes, 
lago third. 1840. Doncaster: Won the Scarborough Stakes. 1847. 
Newmarket Craven : Beat Pyrrhus the First, in a match at even weights 
for 500 sovs. 2—1 on Pyrrhus, who made the running at a terrific pace to 
half-way up the cords, where The Traverser closed with him ; and, after 
a keen encounter, won by half-a-neck. 

lYIOWERINA, a bay dau. of Touchstone, — the celebrated Emma by 
Whisker, was bred by Mr. Bowes in 1843. Emma was dam, also, of 
Trustee by Catton (sent to A-^irginia in 1835), of Agnes by Blacklock, 
Miindig by Catton, Cotherstone by Touchstone &c. Mowerina herself 
was the dam of that renowned horse. West Australian, as well as of 
Old Orange Girl, Baragah, Westwick, &c. She died in 1804. It was 
from Alowerina that West Australian inherited his beautiful head and 
shoulders. 

BROCARDO (brother to Cinizelli), a brown son of Touchstone, — Brocade 
by Pantaloon, — Bombasine by Thunderbolt, — Delta by Alexander, was 
foaled in 1843, finished in the front rank for the Derby of 1840, and ran 
second to The Hero for the Doncaster Cup. 




Piiiiitfil hi/ Hari'ii Hall. 



CHANTICLEER. 



CHANTICLEER, a whitish-grey son of Irish Birdcatcher, — the grey 
Whim by Drone (son of Master Eobert, — a dau. of Sir Walter Raleigh 
(by Waxy, — Woodcot by Mentor (a son of Justice by Herod), — 
Macaria by Herod, — Titania by Shakespear, — Latham's Snap's dam by 
Cade, — a sister to Match'em's dam), — Miss Tooley by Teddy, — Kiss by 
Waxy Pope, — a dau. of Champion (by Pot-8-os), — Brown Fanny by 
Maximus, was foaled in Ireland in 1843, and brought to England in 1847. 
" Chanticleer," says "The Druid," "was a horse of strong constitution, 
but very bad temper, in fact a perfectly mad horse, when I'Anson first got 
hold of him. He was, however, at all times very savage ; and so furious 
was he on one occasion, that they were obliged to get the stable lad out 
of his box through the window. Sometimes he would roar like a bull ; 
and, when at Hambleton, Harry Stebbings said he would rather be off 
the moor when Chanticleer was on it." His great point was depth of 
girth, which measured in October, 1848, five feet seven inches and three- 
quarters round. He was a very free-goer, a capital stayer, and possessed 
of fine speed and unbounded courage, going equally well on hard or soft 
ground. Principal Performances. 1848. Won the Northumberland 
Plate and the Goodwood Stakes. Doncaster : Won the Cup, beating 



Famous Horses. 231 

Ellerdale and Van Tromp. 1849. Ascot: Second to Van Tronip f(n' the 
Emperor of llussia's Plate, Cossack and Oolling-wood being also in the 
field. " The Druid," in " Scott and Sebright," observes—" If Nat (on 
Chanticleer) had waited to the Stand, instead of trying to take up the 
running soon after the last turn, Marlow never would have g'ot a pull, 
and \'an never could have answered so gamely to the whip as he did. 
Single-handed Chanticleer ought always to have got the Inst r/iu, and 
beaten him ; but there was hardly 31b. between them either way." 
Goodwood : Second for the Cup to Canezou. Tlie stock of Chanticleer 
were somewhat wanting in length and deficient in size. 

THE HERO, a chestnut son of Chesterfield (own brother to Crucifix 
by Priam), — Ifrace Darling by Defence, — a dau of Don Cossack, — 
Mistake by Waxy, — Woodcot by Mentor, was bred by Mr. John Day, 
of Danebury, in IS 43. The Hero was quiet when in front of his field, 
but very impatient when behind. He always ran best when big, and 
not over-trained. At three years old he was rather a shelly colt ; but, 
afterwards, thickened amazingly. On wet, heavy ground he could not 
move at all. His stock ran small, and Rogerthorj^e was the best of 
them. Principal Performances. 1846. Won the Doncaster Cup, beating 
Brocardo. 1847. Ascot : Won the Queen's Vase, beating Bridle and 
Jericho ; and the Emperor of Russia's Plate, beating Wolf Dog, Jericho, 
Sting, Mendicant, Po}Titon, and Sir Tatton Sykes. Hero, as usual, 
jumped off with the lead, and at great speed, the rest toiling after him in 
vain. Down the Swinley Hill and round the Limekilns they swept, at 
the same terrific pace. At the last turn, all were dead beaten except 
Wolf Dog, who raced with The Hero for a time, but nearing home the 
gallant little chestnut put on a strong spurt and won easily. Groodwood : 
Won the Cup, beating Eryx, Halo, Wolf Dog, and Sting. 1848. Ascot : 
Won the Emperor's Purse. 1849. York (9st. 41b.): Won the Grreat 
Ebor Handicap. The Hero also won sixteen Queen's Plates. 




li:<l bij J. t\ Jh'iriny, &-n. 



SIR TATTON SYKES. 



SIR TATTON SYKES, a bay son of Melbourne,— a dau. of Margrave, 
— Patty Primrose by Confederate (son of Comus, — Maritornes by 
Cervantes, — Sally (sister to Fanny) by Sir Peter), — Sybil by Interpreter, 
— Galatea by Amadis (son of Don Quixote, — Fanny by Sir Peter), — 
Paulina by Sir Peter, was bred by Sir Tatton Sykes in 1843 ; and sold 
by him to William Scott, the jockey. Principal Performances. 184G. 
Newmarket (W. Scott) : Won the Two Thousand Guineas by a length, 
after a fine race with Tom Tulloch by Hetman Platoff. Epsom 
(W. Scott) : Second for the Derby won by Pyrrhus the First ; the field 
including also Fancy Boy, Sting, and lago. Sir Tatton Sykes lost fully 
sixty yards at the start, owing to his rider remaining behind to vent 
his indignation against the starter, for which he was afterwards fined 5/. 
by the Stewards. By the time the distance was reached, Scott, by dint 
of very hard riding and severe punishment, had brought Sir Tatton into 
the van, and even assumed the lead ; but the effort had been too much 
for him, and Pyi-rhus the First passed the post a neck to the good. It 
was said that Sir Tatton was never the same horse afterwards, either 
as regards temper or courage ; but this is questionable, seeing that 
he easily won the St. Leger; and, moreover, started favourite for 



Fa))/oifst Jlorses. 233 

that race. Doncaster : AVon the St. Leger, twelve runners, including 
lago, Poynton, Fancy Boy, Ermiston, Sting, and Tom Tulloch. 
About 100 yards from home lago made his effort to reach Sir Tatton, 
who shook him off with ease, and went in the winner by a clear length. 
" William Oates was so anxious, that he went to the course all dressed 
to ride Sir Tatton, in case his owner, who had wasted very severely, 
should feel unfit at the last moment. How such a sluggish horse 
got through his task was a wonder to everyone, as half-way up the 
distance Bill fairly dropped forward on to his neck from exhaustion, 
and couldn't drive him at all," . . . . " and then Sir Tatton goes 
forth from his accustomed wicket, and ere he leads l^ack his namesake 
to scale, gives Bill Scott for the last time that hand-shake of victory 
which was to be proudly felt by many a jockey, year after year at 
Doncaster, but by //ijji no more." (From " The Druid.") Newmarket 
First October : Beaten by lago in the Grand Duke Michael Stakes. 
1S47. Newmarket Craven : Beaten for the Port Stakes by Sting. Sir 
Tatton made the running at his utmost speed to the cords, where Sting 
passed him ; and, going on, won by eight lengths. 

lYlENDICANT, a bay dau. of Touchstone, — Lady Moore Carew by 
Tramp, — Kite by Bustard, was foaled in 1S43. Mendicant was a mare 
of the highest class, with exquisite symmetry and quality, and gifted 
with perfect action. She was the dam of Beadsman, the sire of Blue 
Gown, Bosicrucian, Green Sleeves, Pero Gomez, and The Palmer. 
Principal Performances. 1845. Goodwood : Second to Sting for the 
Lavant Stakes. 1846. Newmarket: Won the One Thousand Guineas; 
the field including Mowerina (dam of West Australian), and Ennui 
(dam of Saunterer) . Entering the cords Mendicant challenged Mowerina, 
defeating her by half a length after a very fine race, in which Sam Day's 
excellent jockeyship was most conspicuous. Epsom : Won the Oaks very 
easily, the field including Laundry Maid (second). Conspiracy (third), 
Mowerina, Vanish, Princess Alice, and Fair Helen. Mendicant was sold 
to Sir Joseph Hawley for 2500 guineas. 




Paint.-il h,i llni-nj Ihi II. 



QUEEN MARY. 



QUEEN MARY, a bay dan. of Grladiator, — a dau. of Plenipotentiary, — 
Myrrlia by Whalebone, — Gift by Yonng Golianna (son of Gohanna),^ 
Sister to Grazier by Sir Peter,— Sister to Aimator by Trumpator, was 
foaled in 1843. "The Druid" thus writes of Gladiator, the sire of 
Queen Mary, — " He was a very blood-like dark chestnut horse, but rather 
delicate, and requiring the greatest care in his training. The two 
brothers, John and William Scott, bought him between them, when a 
yearling, for 100/., and sold him to the Earl of Wilton for 200/., with a 
contingency of half the Derby and St. Leger in the event of his winning 
either or both. With Bay Middleton out of the way, he would have won 
the first, and he did not run again. His price, however, rose (after being 
second in the Derby) to 800/., and finally increased to 2000/., at which 
price he was sold and sent to Prance." For Sweetmeat's sake alone he 
was worth every penny of the money ; but he also left behind him Queen 
Mary, the dam of Blink Bonny, and grand-dam of Caller Ou, &c. Queen 
Mary's only appearance on the turf was as a two-year-old at Chester, 
when she ran unj^laced for a sweepstakes. In his quiet way, Mr. William 
I'Anson, the breeder and owner of Blink Bonny, Blair Athol, and Caller 
Ou, was as much a representative man as Thomas or Joseph Dawson. 



Famous Horses. 235 

AVitli the single exception, perhaps, of Eobert Robson, who brought 
Waxy to the post for the Derby of 1793, and who expired in 1838, with 
()0,000/. to his credit, no other trainer ever died richer than Joseph 
Dawson and AYilliam I 'Anson. Success upon the Turf often comes 
through a single animal ; and I 'Anson dated the commencement of his 
good fortune from his lucky purchase of Queen Mary. He bought her 
for a few pounds just as he was about to remove to Malton ; and in her 
he became the lucky possessor of a gold mine. No other, not even 
excepting Persepolis (dam of Rubicon, Tigris, Euphrates, Cydnus, &c.), 
Mandane (dam of Manuella, Altisidora, Brutandorf, Captain Candid, 
Muta, &c.), Banter (dam of Touchstone, Launcelot, &c.), Barbelle (dam 
of Van Tromp and The Flying Dutchman), Pocahontas (dam of 
Stockwell, King Tom and Rataplan), Paradigm (dam of Lord Lyon, 
Achievement, &c.), Laura (dam of Fraiilein and Petrarch), or Queen 
Bertha (dam of Spinaway and Wheel of Fortune), ever wTote her name, 
through her own produce, and that of her descendants, more deeply 
upon the annals of the Turf than did Queen Mary, the founder of the 
stud which included Haricot, Braxey, Bonnie Scotland, Blink Bonny, 
Blair Athol, Breadalbane, Broomielaw, Blinkhoolie, Caller Ou, and 
Borealis. 

STING, a bay son of Slane, — Echo by Emilius, — a dau. of Scud or 
Pioneer, — Canary Bird by Wliiskey, was foaled in 1843. Principal 
Performances. 1845. Ascot : Beaten a head by Joy for the New Stakes, 
the field including Princess Alice (olb. ex.) and Grrimston. Goodwood : 
Won the Lavant Stakes, beating Mendicant a length, with Collingwood 
unplaced. Won the Molecomb Stakes easily. Cuckoo second. New- 
market : Won the Clearwell Stakes easily, Princess Alice second, with 
Ennui and Collingwood unplaced. 1846. Won the Newmarket St. 
Leger. Beaten half a length for the Cambridgeshire, the field including 
Lady Wildair, Alarm, Sorella, lago, Refraction, and (irimston. Sting 
was sold to the French Government in November, 1847. 

FAIR HELEN, a chestnut dau. of Pantaloon, — Rebecca by Lottery, — 
a dau. of Cervantes, — Anticipation by Beningborough, was foaled in 
1843. Rebecca was dam also of The Provost by The Saddler, Alice 
Hawthorn by Muley Moloch, Annandale by Touchstone, &c. Fail* 
Helen was dam of Lord of the Isles, the winner of the Two Thousand 
Guineas of 1855. 




J'ai,ilc</ bii Hnnii Hall. 



COSSACK, ii chestnut son of Hetman Platoff, — Joannina by Priam,^ 
Joanna by Sultan, — Filagree by Soothsayer, was foaled in 1844. Cossack 
stood just fifteen hands two inches high. He had not very large bones ; 
but his legs were sound and clean, and his feet very good. "The Druid" 
says — " Cossack was a delightful horse to ride, never pulling, and always 
as ready as a shot when he was wanted. A strong pace was his delight, 
and he could make it for himself ; and, in the Derby he led, except when 
War Eagle headed him for a moment only, from the Warren to the 
winning post." Principal Performances. 1847. Won the Newmarket 
Stakes after a very fine race by half- a -length. " War Eagle had a trifle 
the best of the start, but they were soon at it head and head all the way 
up the cords. Sim never moved, but ' felt for him,' and when his horse 
answered his hand so truly he felt sure that the Derby was over. Mr. 
George Payne always quoted this race as the fastest he ever saw." " The 
Druid " says — " It was, in fact, like two races, as the pair came right 
away by themselves, leaving a cloud of dust behind them." Epsom : 
Won the Derby — thirty runners, incluxling War Eagle (second), Van 
Tromp (third), Conyngham (winner of the Two Thousand), and Eed 



Fmnoifs Horses. 237 

Heart. Cossack made nearly the whole of the running, was never caught, 
and w^on by a length. Van Tromp was struck into very early in the race, and 
swerved considerably, thus prejudicing his chance to some extent. "This 
was the last Derby run over the Old Course, with its gentle rise of three- 
quarters of a mile, which ' nearly settled the thing before Tattenham 
Corner;' and it is somewhat remarkable that Sim Templeman should 
have won the last Derby and Oaks on Cossack and Miami over it, and 
opened the new era with another double benefit on Surplice and Cymba." 
(From " Scott and Sebright," by "The Druid.") Doncaster : Second to 
Van Tromp for the St. Leger. 1848. Groodwood : Beaten lOOyds. by 
Van Tromp for a Sweepstakes ; and not placed for the Cup also won by 
Van Tromp. 1849. Chester (9st. lib.): Second for the Cup. Ascot: 
Beaten a short head by Olenalvon for the Queen's Vase. Third for the 
Cup won by Van Tromp. 1850. Ooodwood : Third for the Cup won by 
Canezou. 1851. Groodwood : Second to Nancy for the Cup. 

Ml AMI, a bay dan. of Venison, — -Diversion by Defence, — Folly by 
Middleton, — Little Folly by Highland Fling, w^as foaled in 1844, and 
sold to Sir Joseph Hawley, Bart. Miami was really a bay-roan filly, 
standing fifteen hands and one inch high. She was slight in the bone, 
and trained very light. Taken altogether, she was a wiry, game little 
filly. She had no white whatever, save a star in the forehead, and a few 
grey hairs just on the top of the tail. Principal Performances. 184G. 
Newmarket : Won the July Stakes, beating Vert-Vert and Cossack ; and, 
carrying 91b. extra, was only beaten a very short neck for the Chesterfield 
Stakes. 1847. Epsom: Won the Oaks by a good length, the field of 
twenty-three including Clementina (winner of the One Thousand 
Guineas), Ellerdale, Kite, and Brown Bess. 

WAR EAGLE, a brown son of Lanercost, — ^ Valentine by Voltaire, — 
Fisher Lass by Osmond, — -Voltaire's dam by Phantom, w^as foaled in 
1844. War Eagle stood fully 16.1, and was immensely fast, but soon 
shut up when once in distress. His action w^as very long and straining. 
" The Druid " says — " For the Doncaster Cup he followed The Hero just 
like clockwork, and came the moment Sam Mann touched him with the 
spur." Principal Performances. 1847. Beaten half-a-length by Cossack 
for the Newmarket Stakes, after a very fast and exciting race. Epsom : 
Beaten a length by Cossack for the Derby, the field also including 
Conyngham (winner of the Tw^o Thousand), Van Tromp, and Bed Heart. 
Doncaster : Won the Cup. The Hero held a lead of two lengths to the 
distance, where War Eagle went up to him, had him dead beaten at the 
Stand, and went in an easy winner by three lengths. 




l',uiil,,t hi, lliinu lUtU. 



VAN TROMP. 



VAN TROMP, a brown son of Lunercost, — Barbelle by Sandbeck, — 
Darioletta by Amadis, — Selima by Selini, — a dau. of Pot-8-os, — Editha by 
Herod, was foaled in 1S44, and sold to the Earl of Eglinton. "The 
Druid," in " Scott and Sebright," observes of A-^an Tromp that he "was 
an exceedingly idle horse, and not at all deficient in speed. The St. 
Leger day was his best, and he had won his race a mile from home. 
Van Tromp required a deal of work, two or three good horses being 
emj^loyed to lead him ; while his temper was so bad during the 
last year he was in training that he was ridden in a muzzle. It 
was a long time before the Emperor Nicholas of Russia could make 
up his mind to purchase Van Tromp, who had been offered to the 
Czar's agent, Colonel Schreider, for .2000 guineas. The Emperor 
had seen Van Tromp's portrait, and did not like his neck ; but, the 
Colonel assuring him that he had now a very fine crest, the bargain was 
concluded, and A^an Tromp was sent to Russia, where he became a great 
favourite with the Czar. Principal Performances. 1840. Liverpool : 
Won the Mersey Stakes. Goodwood : Won the Lavant Stakes, beating 
Clementina by a head. Doncaster : Won the Champagne Stakes. 1847. 



Famou.s Horses. 239 

Epsom : Was struck into early in the race for tlie Derby and only 
iinislied third to Cossack and AYar Eagle. Newcastle : Won the North 
Derby. Liverpool : Won the Liverpool St. Leger. Goodwood : Beaten 
by Planet (Sst. 71b. each) for the Kacing Stakes. The victory of Planet, 
who just won by half a length, was chiefly due to the extremely fine 
jockeyship of Frank Butler. Doncaster : Won the Grreat St. Leger very 
easily by a couple of lengths, the field including Cossack (winner of the 
Derby), Eryx, and Planet. 1848. Goodwood: Beat Cossack by one 
hundred yards in a Sweep of 300 sovs. each (value 3600/.). Also won 
the Goodwood Cup, the Held including Chanticleer and Cossack. 1849. 
Ascot : Won the Emperor of Russia's Plate, beating Chanticleer by half- 
ii-length, with Cossack and Collingwood also in the field. The general 
remark on the course, after the race was over, was that Van Tromp won 
it in magnificent style, and like a thoroughly good racehorse. This was 
the Tan's last appearance on the Turf. 

CONYNGHAIYI, a bay son of Slane, — a dau. of Whisker, — a dau. of 
Sam, — Morel by Sorcerer, was foaled in 1844. Principal Performances. 
1847. Upon his first appearance in public Conyngham won the Two 
Thousand Guineas by a length, Planet second. Unplaced for the Derby 
won by Cossack. Won the Ascot Derby. Newmarket : Beaten a head 
by Red Heai-t for the Grand Duke Michael Stakes. 

CLEMENTINA, a bay dau. of Venison, — the celebrated Cobweb by 
Phantom, was bred by Lord Jersey in 1844. Cobweb was dam also of 
Young Emilius by Emilius, Mahomet by Sultan, Bay Middleton by 
Sultan, Achmet by Sultan, Glenorchy by Glencoe ; and died in 1847. 
Principal Performances of Clementina. 1846. Goodwood: Beaten a 
head by Van Tromp for the Lavant Stakes. York : Second to Slander 
for the Prince of Wales' Stakes in a field of twenty-one. Newmarket : 
Won the Bretby Stakes and the Prendergast Stakes. Carrying 71b. 
extra, was beaten a head by Coningsby for the Criterion. 1847. Won the 
One Thousand Guineas by half a length. Slander second. Beaten a 
length b}^ Miami for the Oaks, Ellerdale third, the field also including 
Kite, Lady Lurewell, Slander, and Maniac. Goodwood : Second to Red 
Heart for the Gratwicke Stakes. Won the Nassau Stakes, Slander (in 
receipt of 01b.) being second. 




ii(tn( h,i Hiirni UaU. 



SURPLICE. 



SURPLICE, a bay son of Touchstone, — Crucifix by Priam, was foaled 
very early on the .24th January, 1845. At the end of 1840 Lord Greorge 
Bentinck took his measure, and found him to be fifteen hands, and rather 
leggy. The first snowstorm he was out in terrified him so much that he 
dashed at a stone wall, and executed a complete somersault into an 
adjoining garden. No colt had a sweeter temper, and he was such a rare 
walker that he could almost step four times round the ring while 
Loadstone and the other yearlings w^ere doing it thrice. Principal 
Performances. 1847. Goodwood : Won the Ham Stakes, and a Produce 
Stakes. Doncaster : Won the Municipal Stakes. 1848. Epsom: Won 
the Derby. Doncaster : Won the St. Leger, beating Canezou (winner of 
the One Thousand Gruineas) by a neck, the field also including Flatcatcher 
(winner of the Two Thousand Gruineas), and Assault. Newmarket: Won 
the Grand Duke Michael Stakes, beating Flatcatcher by a length. 

CYMBA, a bay dau. of Melbourne, — Skiff by Sheet Anchor, — Tertia 
by Emilius, — Miss Wentworth by Cervantes, — a dau. of Stamford (by 
Sir Peter), — Wryneck by Beningborough, — Miss Tippett by Morwick 
Ball, — Miss Cornforth by Match'em, was foaled in 1845. Principal 
Performances. 1848. Epsom : Won the Oaks, the field including 



Famous Horses. 241 

Attmction (second), Queen of the May (third), (lardenia (winner of the 
Queen's Vase), Vexation, and Prairie Bird. Cymba did not sustain her 
form in her suhse(|uent races. 

FLATCATCHER, a bay son of Touchstone, — Decoy by Filho-da-Puta, 
was bred by the Marquis of Westminster in 1845. Decoy was dam also of 
Drone, Legerdemain, and Sleight-of-Hand by Pantaloon, and of Phryne, 
Thais, and Croupier by Touchstone, &c. Principal Performances of Flat- 
catcher. 1847. Epsom: Upon his first appearance in public Flatcatcher 
won the Woodcote Stakes by three lengths from a held of fourteen, all 
but the first three being tailed off early. 1848. Newmarket : Won the 
Tw^o Thousand Gruineas by a neck, Glendower second, Blaze third. 
Chester : Won the Dee Stakes by a head, Shylock second. Won the 
Liverpool St. Leger. York : Second to Canezou for the Ebor St. Leger. 
Doncaster: Third for the St. Leger to Surplice and Canezou. Newmarket: 
Beaten half-a-lengtli by Surplice for the (rrand Duke Michael Stakes. 

CANEZOU, a brow^n dan. of Melbourne, — Madame Pelerine by 
Velocipede, — Baleine by Whalebone, — Vale Eoyal by Sorcerer, was foaled 
in 1845. Canezou was dam of Cape Flyaway by the Flying Dutchman, 
Fazzolette by Orlando, &c. Principal Performances of Canezou. 1848. 
Newmarket : Upon her first appearance in public Canezou won the 
One Thousand Guineas by half-a-length, Vexation being second, and 
Prairie Bird (the favourite) third. Goodwood : Won the Nassau Stakes. 
York August : Won the Ebor St. Leger, Flatcatcher (giving 61b.) second. 
Doncaster : Beaten a neck by Surplice for the St. Leger, Flatcatcher 
third, and Assault unplaced. Won the Park Hill Stakes. 




I',niitr,t hii Uiiriu Hall. 



THE FLYING DUTCHMAN. 



THE FLYING DUTCHMAN, a brown son of Bay MickUeton — Barbelle 
(dam also of Van Tromp) Ijy Sandbeck, was foaled in 1S4(), and sold to 
the Earl of Eglinton. The Dutchman, although of a most irritable 
temperament, went so freely and pulled so much that he never required 
haK the preparation of A^an Tromp, and invariably took his gallops quite 
unaccompanied. "Old Barbelle," observes "The Druid," "had been sold, 
some years after the Dutchman's birth, for 40 so vs., at auction. The 
mare, old and ragged, and with her light neck and drooping quarters, 
looked more like a worn-out hack than a brood mare that had produced 
three yearlings which fetched 1000 guineas apiece, one of them credited 
with a Derby and St. Leger and Ascot Cup ; and another with a St. 
Leger and the Ascot and Groodwood Cups. Marlow was perfectly 
delighted when he first mounted the Dutchman and followed Van Tromp 
(his liaK-brother) up the gallop ; and, on returning with him, remarked 
'I have never been on such a one before.' His stride was enormous; 
and, at the end of his two-year-old season, the Turf savants declared that 
the magnificent son of Bay Middleton had never been extended. Marlow 
considered that the Dutchman stayed better as he grew older ; the fact, 
however, being that his speed was so tremendous that no horse could get 



Faii/o/f.s Horses. .248 

him out. He was eveiitiiall\' sold for 40()()/. and sent to France. The 
best of his stock may be said to liave been Ellington, Gildermere, Brown 
Duchess, Cape Flyawa}^ Dollar, and Dutch Skater." Principal Perform- 
ances. lS4b. Won the Newmarket July Stakes and the Doncaster 
Champagne Stakes. 1849. Epsom: Won the Derby — the field including 
Hotspur, Tadmor, jS'unnykirk (winner of the Two Thousand Guineas), 
Glenalvon, and Landgrave. There had been a deal of heavy ram for 
three days, and the going was very bad. The Dutchman's feet could 
never get him well through dirt. Within three strides of home, Marlow, 
who had a length to make up, struck the Dutchman twice (the only time 
he ever touched him) ; and the last stride gave him the short neck 
victory. Doncaster : Won the St. Leger by two lengths — ten runners, 
including Nunnykirk. 1850. Ascot: Won the Emperor of Eussia's 
Plate by eight lengths. Doncaster : Beaten half-a-length for the Cup by 
A^oltigeur who, on the Wednesday, had won the St. Leger. The Dutch- 
man had been off his feed and more than usually fretful ; and, on the 
preceding day (Thursday), had been very severely galloped over the Don- 
caster Cup course. Marlow had strict orders to wait upon Voltigeur 
until they were round the Red House corner, and within six furlongs of 
home ; but, unfortunately, he was in that condition described by Burns 
as " o'er all the ills of life victorious." Passing the Stand the first time, 
the Dutchman was making the running at a tremendous pace. Pound 
the turn they flew, and up the hill, the Dutchman to the fore, until they 
approached the Red House, where Voltigeur drew up to within a couple 
of lengths ; and, ridden with great judgment by Nat, the three-year-old 
challenged just before the distance was reached. " Then, to his amaze- 
ment, the Dutchman's jockey, sobered by the intensity of his excitement, 
discovered that there was no steel left in the w^onderful animal beneath 
him. To this hour, the spectacle presented by Lord Eglinton as, pale 
with emotion, he leant against the wall of the Jockey Club Stand, has not 
faded from the memory of those wdio sympathetically looked on." {Dailij 
Telef/rapli .) Charles Marlow^ during the latter part of his life lived with 
Tom Oliver at Wroughton ; but ultimately died in the workhouse. 1851. 
York Spring, 5 years, Sst. 8^1b. (Marlow) : Beat Voltigeur, 4 years, 
8st. (Nat), in a match for 1000 sovs. over two miles. The betting on 
this great match was enormous, and the race was most closely and 
resolutely contested throughout ; but, in no part of it, was the issue for 
a moment in doubt, the Dutchman finally winning the concluding contest 
of his Turf career by a length. 

R 2 




I'ainti'il bii Harm HnU. 



I.ADY EVELYN. 



LADY EVELYN, a mealy brown dau. of Don John, — Industry (winner 
of the Oaks of 1838) by Priam, was bred by the Earl of Chesterfield in 
1846. Lady Evelyn was named after one of Lord Chesterfield's daughters, 
but not till she had won the Oaks. She stood fifteen hands one inch 
and a half liio-h ; and was a very handsome model of a racehorse, low and 
lengthy, without an atom of coarseness anywhere. She w^as, moreover, a 
mare of boundless spirit and great courage, ran most kindly, always in the 
greatest stakes, and the very best of company. Principal Performances. 
1849. Epsom: Won the Oaks by a length, the field including Lady 
Superior (second), Woodlark (third), Eva, (ilauca, Escalade, Highland 
Fling, and Clarissa. Ascot (71b. extra) : Won the Coronation Stakes. 
Doncaster : Won the Park Hill Stakes, beating Ellen Middleton and 
Baroness. 

NUNNYKIRK (brother to Newminster), a black son of Touchstone,— 
the famous Bee's-wing by Dr. Syntax, was bred by Mr. Orde in 1846. 
Principal Performances. 1849. Newmarket : Won the Two Thousand 
Guineas, Honeycomb second, Vatican third. Epsom : Unplaced for the 
Derby. Doncaster : Beaten two lengths by The Flying Dutchman for the 
St. Lew-er. His last race. 



FdiiioHs Hor-sc-s. .■245 

TADMOR, a brown son of Ion, — Palmyra by Sultan, — Hester by 
Camel, — Moniniia by Miiley, — Sister to Petworth by Precipitate, was bred 
by Colonel Peel in 1^40. Principal Performances. 1848. Goodwood: 
Won the Ham Stakes. Newmarket : Won the Triennial. 1 849. New- 
market : AYon the Column Stakes. p]psom : Third for the Derby. 
Goodwood : Won the Gratwieke Stakes. 

THE FLEA, a bay dau. of Coronation, — Puce by Rowton, was bred by 
Lord Geor^-e Bentinck in 1840, and won the One Thousand Guineas of 
lS4i), beating Clarissa by a head. Ascot, Queen's Vase : Glenalvon won 
by a head, Cossack and Canezou running- a dead-heat for second place, 
and Ellerdale and The Flea being close up. 

ELTHIRON, a brown son of Pantaloon (by Castrel), — Phryne by 
Touchstone, — Decoy by Filho-da-Puta, was bred by Lord John Scott in 
1840. Elthiron was a very fair performer on the turf, and was sold to 
the French Government in 185.2. 

LANDGRAVE, a black son of Sir Hercules,— The Landgravine by Elis,— 
The Margravine by Ijittle John, was bred by Mr. Gratwacke in 184(). 
Principal Performances. 1849. Newmarket : Beaten a head and neck 
only for the Cesarewitch in a splendid finish between the first five horses. 
Won the Cambridgeshire. . . 

RHEDYCINA, a bay dau. of Wintonian (by Camel), — Oxonian's dam 
by Laurel,^ — Miss Wilkes by Octavian, — a dau. of Remembrancer, — Mary 
by Young Marske, — Gentle Kitty by Silvio, w^as foaled in 1847 ; and won 
the Oaks of 1850, the field including Kathleen (second), Countess (third), 
and the Filly by Slane, — Emetic (winner of the One Thousand Guineas). 

PITSFORD, a chestnut son of Epirus, — Miss Harew^ood by The Saddler, 
— Cyprian by Partisan, was bred by Mr. John Scott in 1847 ; and won the 
Two Thousand Guineas of 1850. 




Painted by Harry Hall. 



VOLTIGEUR. 



VOLTIGEUR, a l)r()wn son of Voltaire,— Martha Lynn by Mulatto,— 
Leda by Filho-da-Piita, — Treasure by Camillus, was foaled in 1847, and 
sold to the Earl of Zetland. " Although the mares were pretty good, 
and bred well, the Voltaire colts did not rank very high, when Martha 
Lynn threw Barnton and Voltigeur to him. They were generally heavy- 
necked and heavy-Heshed ; and it was these peculiarities which caused 
Lord Zetland and others to dislike Voltigeur when Robert Hill marked 
him, as a yearling, at Doncaster, and begged his Lordship to have a look 
at him. When the colt came up before Mr. Tattersall, the ' take him 
away ' soon boomed forth, as not a soul would l)id a hundred for him, and 
he was sent back to his breeder, Mr. 8te])henson. However, urged by 
Robert Hill, Lord Zetland consented to allow the colt to be brought to 
Aske. In his trial with Castanette, his victory was so hollow that, in 
doubt of its correctness, they were tried again on the following day, with 
the same result. A fortnight afterwards he was tried a third time, 
with Ellen Middleton (put in to make a pace), Castanette, and Cantab, 
and he positively came in alone. Lord Zetland who, on this occasion, 
was present, now determined to give the 1500/. asked for him, with a 



Fanio/i.s Horses. 247 

500/. contingency on each of the great events, and the hick of the spots 
now hegan." (" The Dniid.") Prmcipal Performances. 1849. Yoltigeur 
only ran once as a two-year-old, when he won at Eichmond. He was 
specially prepared for the Derl)y, and throve under the old-fashioned 
heavy sweats then in vogue. According to his trainer, his legs and feet 
were "like iron." During the journey to Epsom he was shut u^) in his 
van for some sixty hours at a stretch, with scarcely any food or water. 
1850. Epsom: Won the Derby ; twenty -three runners, including Pitsford 
(winner of the Two Thousand Gruineas) (second). Clincher (third). Mildew, 
Eobert de Gorham, and Carrihoo. 10 — 1 Voltigeur. Doncaster : Won 
the Great St. Leger, after a dead-heat with Eussborough, and won the 
Doncaster Cup, beating The Flying Dutchman by half-a-length. The 
Dutchman, however, was "off colour "and w^as badly ridden. 1851! 
York : Beaten a length by The Flying Dutchman, in a match 
for 1000 guineas. Judging from a trial which took place upon 
Voltiofeur's return home, he must have been something like a stone below 
his Doncaster form wdien he lost this famous match. A^edette was the 
best son of Yoltigeur, and Galopin and St. Simon have handed on the 
banner, and now the breed is the most peculiar and unique of any on the 
Turf, the St. Simons l^eing — nearly all of them — light fleshed, rather 
high on the leg, and with long, drooping quarters. They are, too, very 
free from lumber, and short of substance ; and are, in fact, just the 
opposite to the Birdcatcher family, which are, for the most part, heavy 
fleshed and massive. Yoltigeur made a great friend of a tortoise-shell 
cat, which was accustomed to snooze contentedly upon the sheet which 
covered his haunches ; but always declined to do so upon his bare back. 

RUSSBOROUGH, a chestnut son of Tearaway, — Cruiskeen by Sir 
Hercules, — ^Brandy Bet by Canteen, — Bigottini by Thunderbolt (son of 
Sorcerer), — Tramp's dam by Gohanna, was bred in Ireland in 1847. 
Eussborough stood fifteen hands three inches high ; and was, altogether, 
a handsome horse, blessed with a very sweet temper. He ran a dead- 
heat with Yoltigeur for the St. Leger of 1850; but was beaten in the 
decider. He afterwards won a few (Queen's Plates in England and 
Ireland. Tearaway (the sire of Eussborough) was a beautifully rich 
dark bay son of Yoltaire with black legs. His dam was Taglioni by 
Whisker, —a dau. of Catton, — a dau. of Paynator, — Yiolet by Sharke. 




Painted by llai i y Hall. 



TEDDINGTON. 



TEDDINGTON, a chestnut son of Orlando,— Miss Twickenham by 
Eocking-ham (son of Humphrey Clinker), — Electress by Election, — a dau. 
of Stamford (by Sir Peter), — Miss Judy by Alfred, was foaled in 1S4S. 
"The Druid" remarks: "Sir Joseph Hawley purchased Teddington, 
together with his dam, for 250/., with a contingency of 1000/. if he 
won the Derby. He was a little clubby with one foot ; and though, by 
constant paring and attention, it was got nearly right, there was always a 
marked difference in the size of his plates. He very early wound himself 
into the affections of Sir Joseph's old groom by the style in which he 
walked away from all the others when they were in the breaking bridle, a 
test which in nineteen cases out of twenty is almost the only sound one 
by which the horoscope of a yearling can be cast. As a yearling he was 
always getting his head up and running away with the boy. No jockeys 
rode trials at Fyfield in Sir Joseph's day, and five boys never had a 
grander spin than when Teddington, Aphrodite, Story-teller, Confessor, 
and The Ban finished in that order with little more than a length 
between the lot, Teddington having half-a-length the best of it. He was 
a short horse, but very high on the leg, the only form in which a short 
horse proves a clipper. Teddington's two-year-old season w^as not a 



Fdinoiix Horse!^. 249 

promising one ; and, unlike most f^hort horses, he never began well. 
Uphill he was very great, having such superb hind action." In the great 
Derby trial on Middle-down, Teddington won so easily that Alec Taylor 
knew, through Vatican, that he had a second Dutchman. After his last 
Ascot Cup race, when he gave 91b. to such a horse as Stockwell, one of 
his back sinews gave way ; but still he lived, under the crushing weight 
of 9st. 71b., almost into the Abingdon mile bottom in the Cesarewitch of 
that year. Principal Performances. 1850. Newmarket: Won the 
Chesterfield Stakes by a neck from Ariosto. Groodwood : Won the Mole- 
comb Stakes. 1851. Epsom : Won the Derby by two lengths, the field 
including Marlborough Buck (second), Neasham (third), Hernandez 
(winner of the Two Thousand Cruineas), Newminster (winner of the St. 
Leger), Mountain Deer, and The Prime Minister. About a week before 
the Derby the skin of Teddington's off fore-leg festered, and the leg itself 
filled all round. On the morning of the Derby he would only pick the 
split peas out of the corn ; but still his heart was all right. In reference 
to the race, Job Marson said, " I had only to spur him once to get him 
out, near the turn, and he then came with such a vengeance as almost to 
run over Aristo." 1852. Doncaster : Won the Cup, beating Kingston 
by a neck, the field also including Hungerford, Nancy, and Newminster. 
1853. Ascot (9st.) : Won the Emperor of Russia's Plate, beating Stock- 
well (8st. 51b.) by a head, with Lady Evelyn and Kingston also in the field. 
NANCY, a bay dau. of Pompey (by Emilius), — Ha wise by Jereed (by 
Sultan, — My Lady by Comus, — The Colonel's dam by Delpini), — Sister to 
Hornsea by Velocipede, was foaled in 1848. "The Pompey line of 
Emilius," says "The Druid," "has, so far, stopped short with Nancy. 
Her great power was from her thighs to her hocks, but she nearly lost the 
use of her limbs through being shut up for thirteen hours in a railway 
box. Her great peculiarity was the reniarkal^ly graceful droop of her 
quarters, in which Saunterer a good deal resembled her. Nancy was 
very difficult to train, and furnished another proof that, when mares can 
o/ice be got into form, they are more effective than horses ; but that, while 
the latter often get back their form, mares, when they have once lost it, 
rarely ever do." Nancy, in 1851, won the Chester Cup, the York Cup, 
the North Derby, the Goodwood Cup, beating Cossack, Landgrave, 
Cariboo, (S:c., the Great Yorkshire Stakes, and other races. In running for 
the Chester Cup of 1855 this good and game mare broke her leg and was 
destroyed. 




Paint, 4 h,i 11., 



NEVVMINSTEK. 



NEWIYIINSTER, a long, low, bright sherry -bay son of Touchstone, 
standing about fifteen hands one inch, was foaled in 1848. His dam was 
Bee's-wing, the famous daughter of Dr. Syntax. " Newminster," says 
" The Druid," " was not so pretty to the eye as his brother Nunnykirk, 
who had rather slack loins, but a sweet head and sweeter action." Mr. 
Nicliol (his owner) thought Newminster the handsomest horse he had 
ever known, and that his action was his strongest point. He swept along 
close to the ground with great elegance and power. John Scott always 
thought Newminster a very great horse ; but he went dead amiss before 
the Derby, was equally so at York, and not really himself on the 
St. Leger day. In fact he never was able to show what he could do. 
In his gallop he went very near the ground, and his style of going was 
beautiful to look at. He was a very bad walker ; and, on this account 
only, Sir Tatton Sykes declined the offer of him for 1.200/. His principal 
defect was his feet, which began to trouble him early in life ; and, what 
with this drawback and other ailments, he did not show for any of his 
two-year-old engagements. He wintered badly, and the teething fever 
pulled him down very much. He was altogether a horse of a delicate 
constitution, easily upset, and recovering but slowly from the effects of a 



Fdii/uii.'^ Horses. ."2 51 

severe race. Nevviniiister won the Doncaster St. Leger by two u-ood 
lengths, the held inclnding Aphrodite (second) and Hernandez (winner 
of the Two Thousand Griiineas). This was his only success. He was the 
sire of Musjid, Lord Clifden, The Hermit, Adventurer, Cambuscan, 
Victorious, Cathedral, Cardinal York, Vespasian, Strathconan, Borealis, 
Cerinthia, Chanoiness, Contadina, Lady Alice Hawthorn, The Mersey, 
Sunnylocks, Grratitude, Crinon, Fairniinster, Lady Hylda, The Orphan, 
&'c. Li LS94 the winning descendants of Newminster numbered 253, 
who appropriated between them 4.23 races of the aggregate value of 
121,734/. 10.^. 

IRIS, a chestnut dau. of Ithuriel (by Touchstone),— Miss Bowe by 
Catton, — a dau. of Orville, — Miss Grimstone by Weasel, was bred by the 
Earl of Derby in 1S4S. Miss Bowe was dam also of Longl^ow, Strongbow, 
Boiardo, and De Clare. Principal Performances of Iris. 1851. New- 
jnarket : Third for the One Thousand Gruineas. Epsom : Won the Oaks, 
the field including Miserrima (second), Hesse Homburg (third), and 
Breba (the favourite). 

APHRODITE, a brown dau. of Bay Middleton,— A^enus by Sir 
Hercules,— Echo by Emilius, was bred by Sir Joseph Hawley in 1848. 
Aphrodite was dam of Argonaut and Siderolite. Principal Performances. 
1850. Newmarket: Pan a dead-heat with Grrecian for the July Stakes, 
but was beaten two lengths in running it off. Groodwood : Beaten 
half-a-length by Turtle for the Lavant Stakes. Doncaster : Won the 
Champagne Stakes. Newmarket: Won the Hopeful. 1851. Won the 
One Thousand Guineas, Anspach second, Lis third. Doncaster : Second 
to Newminster for the St. Leger. Won the Park Hill Stakes and the 
Doncaster Stakes. 

HERNANDEZ, a brown son of Pantaloon (by Castrel) ,— Black Bess by 
Camel, — a dau. of Scud, — Goosander by Hambletonian, was bred by 
Col. Anson in 1848. Principal Performances. 1850. Newmarket: For 
the Glasgow Stakes, Ariosto, Bro. to Drakelow, and Hernandez (the only 
three runners) made a dead-heat of it. The deciding heat Ariosto won 
by a head, Bro. to Drakelow beating Hernandez half-a-length. Times, 
Imin. 21 sec. and Imin. 23sec. 1851. Newmarket: Won the Two 
Thousand Guineas by a length. Mountain Deer second. Goodwood : 
Won the Gratwicke Stakes. Newmarket : Won the Triennial, Ariosto 
second. 




Fainted by Harry Hall. 



DANIEL O ROURKE. 



DANIEL O'ROURKE, a dark chestnut son of Irish Birdcatcher,— 
Forget-me-not by Hetman Platoff, — ObKvion by Jerry, — Eemembrance 
by Sh' Solomon, — Queen Mab by Eclipse, was bred by John Bowes, Esq., 
of Streatlam Castle, in 1849. " The Druid," in writing of Daniel 
O'Rourke, says that " he was the lengthiest and most compact of 
the Birdcatcher family, and was only fourteen hands and three inches 
when he won the Derby ; but that, at four years old, he had nearly 
reached fifteen hands and two inches. He was purchased from Mr. 
Bowes by Sir Tatton Sykes, for breeding purposes, and was a great 
favourite at Sledmere. He got his foals of a darker chestnut than 
the Birdcatchers usually were, and all of them with backs and legs 
of iron. Daniel's own legs were perfection in this respect. Daniel 
O'Rourke first had his temper spoilt when going in the van to Ascot. 
' The West ' finished him, as he was always on his heels up the gallop, 
and made him turn coward. At last he would kick and fight, and could 
hardly be got on the Wolds. But Snarry's soothing manners put him 
all right when the scene was changed to Sledmere." Principal 
Performances. 1851. Doncaster : Second to Augur for the Champagne 
Stakes. 1852. Newmarket: Unplaced for the Two Thousand Guineas 



Ftuiioiis Horses. 253 

won by 8tockvvell. Kjjsoin : Won the Derby by half-a-length in very 
heavy going, the field including Btirl^arian (second), Hobbie Noble, The 
Nabob, Stockwell, Augur, Ambrose, Joe Miller, and Kingston. 7 — 2 
Little Harry (who had been very highly tried), 4 — 1 Hobbie Noble (who 
had been drugged), 10 — 1 Stockwell, 25 — 1 Daniel O'Kourke. Ascot : 
Won the St. James' Palace Stakes. Doncaster -. Third to Stockwell and 
Harbinger for the St. Leger. Daniel O'Rourke, after a lengthy sojourn 
in the green ])astures of Sledmere, was sold to the Austrian Government 
for SOO guineas and shipped to Vienna. " The Druid " says : " Daniel's 
fillies have a deal more grey at the root of their tails than the colts 
the tails always witness of Daniel — they used to be called 
the Match 'em Arms." 

SONGSTRESS, a bay dau. of Irish Birdcatcher,— Cyprian (winner of 
the Oaks of 1836) by Partisan, was bred by Mr. John Scott (the famous 
Malton trainer) in 1849. Principal Performances. 1852. Epsom: Won 
the Oaks ; the field including Bird-on-the-Wing (second), Grossamer 
(third), Kate (winner of the One Thousand Gruineas), and Red Hind, 
The first three were each daughters of Irish Birdcatcher. Ascot : Won 
the Triennial. 

JOE MILLER, a bay son of Venison, — Witticism by Sultan Junior 
(son of Sultan, — Palais Royal by Blucher, — a dau. of Election, — Ruben's 
dam), — Victoria by Tramp, — Bella by Beningborough, — Peterea by Sir 
Peter, — Mary Grrey by Friar (son of South, — a dau. of Babraham, — a 
dau. of Gfolden Ball), was foaled in 1849. "Joe Miller, who could get 
equally well through wet or dry," says " The Druid," " was never quite 
fifteen hands high ; but, like his sire. Venison, he had a very sweet head, 
but he was shorter ; and all his limbs were most beautifully turned, and 
exquisitely proportioned. Like most light-bodied and light-fieshed horses, 
Joe Miller stayed wtII ; but he was cut for temper, shot very early, and was 
honoured with burial in the centre of the Woodyeates yard. His grandest 
triumph was winning the Chester Cup. He got away in front from end to 
end, and Stilton was never able to reach him. In the Metropolitan Stakes 
he got knocked over by Miss Ann (the dam of Scottish Chief). Joe was 
never the same horse after his temper rendered it necessary to cut him, at 
the close of the season of 1852. He was, till then, full of fire and 
courage, was particularly handsome, and showed a great deal of quality." 
Principal Performances. 1852. Epsom: Second for the Grreat Metro- 
politan. Chester : Won the Cup, forty-four runners. Ascot : Won the 
Emperor of Russia's Plate, beating The Black Doctor, Hobbie Noble, 
Little Harry, and Voltigeur. 




Fainted by J. F. Herriiuj, Junr. 



HOBBIE NOBLE. 



HOBBIE NOBLE, a bay son of Pantaloon (by Castrel),— Phryne by 
Touchstone, — Decoy by Filho-cla-Puta, was bred by Lord John Scott m 
1849. Phryne was dam also of Windhound, Elthh'on, The Reiver, 
Pamblmg Katie, Katherine Logie, and Blanche of Middlebie ; while 
Decoy was dam of Legerdemain, 81eiglit-of-Hand, Thais, and Croupier. 
" Independently of his blood and high descent," wTites " The Druid," 
" Lord John had always a special regard for Hobbie Noble, by reason of 
his hermit-like habits. No one ever saw him in the company of other 
horses ; but he would come readily to a whistle, after the manner of 
a dog. His Lordship would often take his friends out after dinner, and 
whistle for Hobbie to come to the garden gate to be inspected. The 
habit seemed to foreshadow, for 'the proud young Porter' that a 6500/. 
cheque (the amount paid for him by Mr. James Merry) was in store for 
him." Hobbie Noble was, in all his points, so extremely handsome, and 
to the eye so very beautiful, that Her Majesty sent for him a second time 
to the front of the Royal Stand at Ascot. He was admittedly the best 
three-year-old of his year, and was beyond all doubt drugged on the eve 
of the Derby. Trained by Saunders at Hednesford, Hobbie Noble was, 
for a long time, first favourite for the Derby ; but within a few days 



Fa HI 0/1. s Hori^cs. 255 

of the race had to give phice to Little Harry, who had been very highly 
tried hy the Days. The Derby of iSo.^ was, perhaps, the wettest 
and most sensational on record. The course was fetlock deep, and the 
issue left in the greatest uncertainty up to the very finish. Daniel 
<3'Eourke, who fairly revelled in the mud, and had the advantage of 
the masterly pilotage of Frank Butler, snatched the race from Hobbie 
Noble, when it seemed to be quite at his mercy, and in the final rush for 
places Barbarian (who started at 100 — 1) and Chief Baron Nicholson 
finished in front of him. Hobbie Noble never afterwards regained his 
early form. " The Cawston Stud owed its celebrity to the advice which 
John Nutting, the Eaton stud groom, gave Hemming to buy Phryne in 
1845. Pantaloon was hired for the next season at Cawston; and Lord 
John might well say to Hemming, as the white reach tribe grew up 
around them, — " That's the best day's work. Hemming, you ever did 
in your life, when you hired Pantaloon and bought Phryne.' Pantaloon 
never w^ent back. The cross between this grand-looking chestnut and 
Phryne hit five years in succession. Pantaloon had a curious hatred for 
a boy or a dog, and a peculiar partiality to a grey mare. Irish Bird- 
catcher had somewhat similar notions, but he extended his antipathy 
to pigs and hens, and grew quite savage if any crossed his path." (From 
"The Druid.") Principal Performances. 1851. Ascot: Won the New 
Stakes, the field including Kingston and Buckthorn. Newmarket : Won 
the July Stakes. Hobbie Noble was now sold to Mr. James Merry 
for 6500/. 185.2. Epsom: Fourth for the Derby. Ascot: Third for 
the Emperor's Plate. Goodwood : Fourth for the Cup. Doncaster : Won 
the Don Stakes. Newmarket (7st. 111b.) : Second for the Cambridge- 
shire. Hobbie Noble having given 211b. to Joe Miller (the winner of 
the Chester Cup and the Grold Cup at Ascot) and beaten him easily in 
a trial, the money was literally piled upon him. 

KATE, a bay dau. of Auckland (by Touchstone), — The Gipsey Queen by 
Dr. Syntax, — Malibran by Rubens, — a dau. of Trumpator, was foaled in 
1849, and won the One Thousand Guineas of 1852. 




I'aiidid by HaiTy Hall. 



LONGBOW. 



LONGBOW, a bay son of Ithiiriel, — the " sixteen-hand, Catton-headed, 
Miss Bowe," by Catton, was bred by the Earl of Derby in 1849. " To 
carry a high-weight for a mile," says " The Druid," " was Longbow's 
forte, as he showed so phiinly in the Stewards' Cup, at Groodwood ; and 
even his long distance running, especially when he met Stock well, on 
the most muggy of days, for the Great Yorkshire Stakes, was truly 
wonderful." Longbow's dam. Miss Bowe, was a brood mare in Lord 
Derby's stud at Knowsley ; and, when in her thirtieth year, was as fresh 
and shapely as any mare of half her age. Her last foal was Tom Bowline. 
Foreigners were in the habit of giving wet hay as an antidote for roaring ; 
but, with Longbow, John Scott used nothing but lime water. Over his 
own distance, it was difficult to handicap Longbow out of any race. 
Principal Performances. 185.2. Northampton: Won the Whittlebury 
Stakes. York : Won the Eglinton Stakes. Goodwood : Won the 
Gratwicke Stakes. York : Beaten a length by Stockwell for the Great 
Yorkshire Stakes. Doncaster: Won the Doncaster Stakes. Newmarket : 
Won the Eoyal Stakes. 1853. Goodwood (Dst. 41b.) : Won the Stewards' 
Cup, the field including The Nabob (7st. 131b.), Knight of the Shire (8st.), 
and Pelion (8st. 71b.). 



FamoNs Horses. 257 

CATHERINE HAYES, ;i whole bay dim. of Lanercost, — Constance by 
Partisan, — Quadrille by Selim, was foaled in 1850. " Catlierine Hayes," 
writes " The Druid," " who shares with Ellerdale the honour of being the 
best daughter of Lanercost, was always a great favourite with Matthew 
Dawson. She required drawing light, and was a very sweet tempered 
mare. She was wide in the hips, and her hocks w^ere very close together. 
Her action was easy, graceful, and sweeping ; and no horse ever crept so 
beautifully up the Epsom hill. Her victory in the ' Nursery Cup ' at 
Groodwood, when judged by the subsequent achievements of many of the 
horses behind her, was a very remarkable performance, as she won very 
easily under the top weight. Mr. Dawson was wont to declare that he 
had never tried a two-year-old so highly. After winning the Oaks, she 
caught cold across the loins, which greatly affected her sj)ine and crippled 
her action. She was never the same mare afterwards, though she did 
give Maj-fair half-a-stone and a beating in the Coronation Stakes." 
Principal Performances. 185.2. Warwick: Beat Ethelbert. GroocUvood 
(8st. 71b.) : Won the Nursery Cup, the field including Elspeth (7st. 91b.), 
Dagobei-t (8st. 51b.), Pantomime (7st. Cjlb.), Ethelbert (7st. 61b.), and 
Eataplan (7st. 81b.). 1853. Epsom : Won the Oaks by two lengths, the 
field including Dove (second). Nicotine, Mentmore Lass (winner of the 
One Thousand Guineas), Hybla, and England's Beauty. Catherine Hayes 
was now sold to Lord John Scott. Ascot : Won the Coronation Stakes. 
Catherine Hayes w^as the dam of Mr. Merry's brilliant, but unfortunate, 
colt, Belladrum by Stockwell. 




STOCKWELL. 



STOCKWELL, a chestnut son of The Baron, — Pocahontas by Glencoe, 
was bred by Mr. Theobald in 1S49, and sold to the Marquis of Exeter. 
"Stockwell," says "The Druid," "was the fifth foal of his dam, 
Pocahontas, and a very fine colt he was ; but he was considered by his 
breeder, and many other good judges, to be on too large a scale. John 
Lowry, however (Mr. Theobald's stud groom), admired him greatly, and 
induced Lord Exeter to look at him, who, though of opinion that he was 
too big, eventually bought him for ISO sovs., Avith a contingency of 
500 more if he won the Derby. Lord Exeter secured the colt just in 
time, as Mr. Theobald died (aged S5) within a month after it reached 
Burleigh." Stockwell was rather a plain looking horse, and by no means 
a good goer. After having thrown Stockwell, in 1S49, his dam, 
Pocahontas, passed into the possession of Captain Thelluson, for whom 
she produced Rataplan in LS50, and King Tom in 1851. As regards 
Stockweirs sons and daughters, Blair Athol and Achievement were 
unquestionably the best ; but neither ever had their staying powers fairly 
tested. There was, however, more quality about The Marquis and 
St. Albans than in any other of Stockwell's get, and the latter had a deal 
of dash and go in his action. Belladrum was, perhaps, the best looking 
of them all, and he, also, had fine sweeping action. Stockwell's foals 



Ffni/()/'.'< Tforset^. .'259 

showed great quality and finish ; l)iit lU'itluM- liis nor liataplan's had quite 
the bone or size that would he k)oked for froui two such massive sires, 
while many of Eataplan's stock had his peculiar short drop on the 
quarter. Stockwell was also sire of liegalia, Thunderbolt, Asteroid, 
Broomielaw, Lord Lyon, The Duke, Doncaster (from whom comes the 
line of Bend Or, Ormonde, and Orme), Caller Ou, (iang Forward, 
Knowsley, and Camerino. In 1894 the winning descendants of Stockwell 
numbered 238, appropriating between them 443 races of the total value 
of 101,739/. Principal Performances. 1852. Won the Two Thousand 
Gruineas easily by a length, the field including Daniel O'Pourke, Ambrose, 
and Maidstone. Also w^on the Newmarket Stakes. L^nplaced for the 
Derby won by Daniel O'Rourke. York : Won the Oreat Yorkshire 
Stakes. Doncaster : Won the (Ireat St. Leger by ten lengths. Harbinger 
(second), Daniel O'Rourke (third), and Songstress (winner of the Oaks) 
unplaced. Newmarket : Won the Grand Duke Michael Stakes, and the 
Newmarket St. Leger. 1853. Ascot (4yrs., 8st. 51b.): Beaten a head by 
Teddington (5yrs., 9st.) for the Emperor's Plate, the field also including 
Kingston and Lady Evelyn. Never was there such a contrast between 
two horses as between Stockwell and Teddington, the one a type of 
massive solidity and strength, whilst Teddington was cast more in the 
model of a greyhound, and Kingston was a handsome foil to both. A 
long, flat, striding course best suited Stockwell, while Teddington fairly 
revelled in the Ascot gradients. West Australian was purchased for the 
Erench Grovernment for 4000/., and Stockwell by Mr. 11. C. Naylor for 
4500/., and both died in May 1870. 



s 2 




iiti-d hv Ha.rij Hiill. 



WEST AUSTRALIAN. 



WEST AUSTRALIAN, a ,^ood, hard, yellow-bay son of Melbourne,— 
Mowerina by Toiiclistone, — Emma (dam of Mundig and Cotlierstone), 
was bred bj John Bowes, Esq., of Streatlam Castle, in 1850. The 
West (as lie was fondly termed b}^ Erank Butler) was sold by Mr. Bowes 
to Lord Londesborough , in 1854, for 5000 guineas. " Erank Butler and 
Isaac Holden never quite settled how far the Leger was to be won. 
Nothing seemed so absurd to Erank as the popular idea of his horse not 
staying. ' Stay, indeed ! ' he was wont to say, ' he'll stay a thundering- 
deal too long for any of them ; the faster they go, the sooner it will be 
over ; they will wonder what is coming when I lay hold of them at 
' Wliite Willie.' Erank promised Isaac that he would give him his 
Bowes jacket whenever he died. 'All the boys,' he used to say, 'when 
they don't go for the stuff, they put on the flash jacket ; but I always 
put on the old Victory.' When he came out of the weighing room after 
the St. Leger, and gravely asked Isaac if he had ridden quite to orders, 
he repeated the promise as to the jacket. ' You'll never breed another 
West,' he added ; ' I never knew what he was. I only touched him with 
the whi]3 once in the Derby, and I was glad to get him stopped.' It was 



FaiHo/f.s Hors'cs. 261 

to Hobby Horse that The West coukl positively give six stone in a rough 
gallop ; and, strangely enough, it was on that wretch that Frank weighed 
in for the last time on the Houghton Saturday of '58." (From " The 
Druid.") The triple-crowned hero was finally sold for 4()()() guineas and 
sent to France. In reference to this, " The Druid " writes, " Here comes 
the pick of England, said they, as he strode, with his beautiful white 
reach head aloft, into the ring. There was quite a rush after him for a 
last view ; but somehow or other, he is only an ordinary horse to look at 
when his head is out of sight." Humphrey Clinker, the grand-sire of 
"The West," was seventh in direct tail male from the Grodolphin 
Arabian, and Melbourne had no less than thirty-nine crosses of this 
famous blood. Principal Performances. 185.:2. Newmarket: In very 
heavy going The West was beaten half-a-length by Speed-the-Plough for 
the Criterion Stakes ; but, at the same meeting, he won the Glasgow 
Stakes by two lengths, beating Sj)eed-the-Plough and others. 1853. 
Newmarket : Won the Two Thousand Gruineas by half-a-length. Sitting- 
bourne (second), and Barbatus (third). Epsom : Won the Derby by a 
neck, the field including Sittingbourne (second), Cineas (third), Eataplan, 
Orestes, Ethelbert, Brocket, Barbatus, and Filbert. Certain persons 
appearing very eager to lay against " The West," Lord Derby and Col. 
Anson, on the night before the St. Leger, called upon Frank Butler. 
" Now, Butler, listen to me," the former said ; " if West Australian is 
beaten to-morrow, a match between him and his conqueror will be made 
to run over the St. Leger course, though it cost 10,0()()/. to do it." When 
the winning number was hoisted, Harry Hill, who had laid heavily 
against the horse, turned deathly pale, and he and Butler were never 
friends again. Doncaster : Won the St. Leger, the field including The 
Reiver (own brother to Hobbie Noble) (second), Eataplan (third), Cobnut, 
Sittingbourne, and Cineas. Newmarket ; Walked over for the Grand Duke 
Michael Stakes. " The West " was now sold to Lord Londesborough. 
1854. Won the Ascot Cup, beating Kingston by a head, with Eataplan 
also in the field. This was considered the fastest race ever run for the Cup ; 
and it was won with great difiiculty. West Australian was considered by 
many to have been the best racehorse, tfjj to //is time, of this century. 
His stock first appeared in 1858, when Adelaide, Summerside, Joskin, 
and Ticket-of -leave were credited to his account. In 1859, his best son, 
" The Wizard," made his iWjut on the Turf. 




Piiiiitiil 1,11 Hnrni llidl. 



RATAPLAN. 



RATAPLAN, a chestnut brotliev to Stoekwell, was bred by Mr. 
The()l)al(l oi Stoekwell, in iSoO. " Pocahontas foaled Eataphm on the 
very mornino- of the day on which Mr. Theobald died. This brother to 
Stoekwell always went rather proppy on his long- pasterns, and was also a 
very bad beginner ; but the further he went the better he liked it, his 
custom being- to creep up to his horses at the half -distance, and make one 
effort. His shoulders and his heart forbad a long struggle. Mr. Pavis' 
orders were the same to all Eataplan's riders, namely : ' Let him alone till 
he gets into his stride;' and when Sim Templeman, who strictly obeyed 
this iniunction, rode him at Edinburo-h, he thoui>'ht he never would be 
able to catch the leaders ; but he did, and won. His back power was 
quite astounding ; and, when he threw up his heels, no boy could sit him. 
Eataplan's finest performance on the Turf was his winning the Manchester 
Cup under Ust. 81b. Bar J^anercost and Springy Jack, there never was a 
more lazy colt foaled than Kata])lan. He would lie down at full length 
while they plaited his mane ; and, after feeding, \\'ould go to sleep with 
unerring I'egularity. He generally managed to stumble about twelve times 
between his box and the downs, and it was never safe to take him out 
without knee-caps." (From "The Druid.") Principal Performances. 



Famon-s Ilor-se-s. :2V)'S 

185.2. Eataplan ran very indifferently as a two-year-old. 1853. Fourth 
for the Derby won by West Australian. Ascot : Won the Queen's Vase. 
Third for the St. Leger to West Australian. 1854. Epsom: Beaten a 
head by Kingston for the Cup. Manchester : AYon the Cup. Ascot : 
Third to West Australian and Kingston for the Cup. This was considei-ed 
the fastest race on record for the Ascot Cuj^. 1855. Won the Doncaster 
Cup, beating Ellermire. During his career Rataplan won upwards of 
forty races. 

iVIENTIYlORE LASS, abay dau. of Melbourne,— Emerald by Defence ,— 
Emiliana by Emilius, was bred by Baron Rothschild in 1850. The racing 
stud of the Rothschilds may be said to have been founded by the purchase 
of the mare Emerald. Baron Meyer de Rothschild won an emerald in a 
lottery ; and, disposing of it for .240/., invested this sum in the purchase 
of the dauo'hter of Defence, whom he named Emerald, and she became the 
dam of King of Diamonds and Mentmore Lass. Mentmore Lass did not 
run as a two-year-old ; but, upon her first appearance in public, she won 
the One Thousand Guineas of 1853 by two lengths. Her subsequent 
running, however, was but of an indifferent character. Mentmore Lass 
was the dam of Hannah by King Tom. 

SITTINGBOURNE, a chestnut son of Chatham (by The Colonel),— 
The Landgravine by Elis, was bred by Mr. Clratwicke in 1850. Principal 
Performances. 185.2. York: Won the Convivial Stakes. Newmarket: 
Won the Prendergast. 1853. Beaten half-a-length by West Australian for 
the Two Thousand Guineas. Beaten a neck by West Australian for the 
Derby ; Cineas third, beaten a head ; Rataplan foui-th, half-a-length awa}', 
the field also including Orestes, Filbert, Lmbriel, Pharos, Brocket, 
Ethelbert, Barbatus, and Vanderdecken. Goodwood : Won the Gratwicke 
Stakes. Doncaster : L^nplaced for the St. Leger w^on by West Australian. 
Second to Balrownie for the Doncaster Stakes. Newmarket : Won the 
Triennial Produce Stakes, the field including Filbei-t and Catherine 
Hayes. 1854. Newmarket: Beaten a length by Orestes for the Poi-t 
Stakes. 




l^ainted bv JIanii JIall. 



KNIGHT OF ST. GEORGE. 



KNIGHT OF ST. GEORGE, a bay son of Irish Birdcatclier — a dau. of 
Hetman Platoff, — Waterwitcli l)y Sir Hercules, — Mary Anne by Waxy 
Pope, — Witcli by Sorcerer, — Sophia by Highflyer, — Catherine by Young 
Marske, — Gentle Kitty by Silvio, was bred in Ireland in 1851. 
" Knight of St. George was just fifteen hands high when he won the St. 
Leger ; but he grew into a fine horse afterwards, and left a most 
beautiful and enlarged likeness of himself in his son, Knight of St. 
Patrick." There never was a more difficult horse to ride than Knight of 
St. George. In his races he was a most uncertain runner, though his 
capabilities were unquestionable. He required a deal of humouring to 
induce him to show what he could do, whip and spur being unavailing. 
When he was brought to Hambleton, in November, 1853, he was savage 
and intractable. Basham took him in hand for the winter, and 
gradually by gentle treatment brought him more under control. In 
the St. Leger Basham rode him with consummate tact and judgment. 
His Derby trial, with Kingston and Eulogist, was highly satisfactory, and 
he won it in fine racing style ; but, in another essay wdth Kingston, he 
cut his boot clean off, penetrating the flesh, and was thus baulked of his 
chance for the Derby. Principal Performances. 1854. Epsom: Not 



Fah/oif-8 Horses. 265 

placed in the Derby won by Andover. Uoncaster : Won the Great St. 
Leger by a head, the field including Ivan (second), Arthur Wellesley 
(thii-d), Sc^ythian and Boiardo. — 4 against Boiardo, 11 — 1 against 
Knight of St. George. 

ANDOVER, a bay son of Bay Middleton, — Sister to ^gis by Defence, 
— Soldier's Joy by The Colonel, — Galatea by Amadis, was foaled in 1851. 
Principal Performances. 1853. Goodwood: Won the Molecomb Stakes, 
beating ^Mincemeat, The Caliph, Amos, and Strutaway. 1854. Epsom: 
Won the Derby by a length, the field including King Tom (second), 
Hermit (winner of the Two Thousand Guineas), Hospodar, Autocrat, 
Knight of St. George, Champagne (winner of the Champagne Stakes at 
Doncaster), Marsyas, and Dervish (the favourite). Stockbridge (101b. 
extra) : Won the Triennial, beating Ivan. Doncaster : Won the Don 
Stakes, beating Hospodar by a neck. This was Andover's last race. 

lYllNCEIYlEAT, a brown dau. of Sweetmeat, — Hybla by The Provost,— 
Otisina (sister to Lanercost) by Liverpool, was foaled in 1851. Principal 
Performances. 1853. Newmarket: Won the Bedford Stakes. 1854. 
Ej^som : Won the Oaks by two lengths, the field including Meteora 
(second). Bribery (dam of St. Albans and Savernake), Sortie, and Honey- 
suckle (sister to Newminster). 6 — 4 on Meteora, 10 — 1 Mincemeat, who 
was now sold to Baron Eothschild ; and retired to the stud at the close of 
the season. 

HERMIT, a browm son of Bay Middleton, — Jenny Lind by Touchstone, 
— Malibran by Whisker, — Garcia by Octavian, w^as foaled in 1851. 
Principal Performances. 1853. Not having run as a two-year-old, Hermit 
upon his first appearance in public, in 1854, won the Two Thousand 
Guineas by half-a-length, Middlesex second. Ruby third. Epsom: Third 
for the Derby to Andover and King Tom, Hermit being beaten less than 
a length from the winner. Ascot : Won the Gold Yase, beating Eataplan 
by a length and a half. 




Uraini bii J. Stuiyc-i.^. 
KING TOM. 
(Reproduced by permission of the " Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News.'") 

KING TOIYI, a liglit-fleslied bay son of Harkaway, — Pocahontas (dam 
of Stockwell, Rataplan, Ayaconora, Knight of Kars, Knight of 
St. Patrick, Araucaria, e^'c), by Glencoe, was foaled in 1851, and purchased 
by Baron llothsehild for .:2()00/. King Tom was a fine-tempered horse, 
speedy, and yet a good stayer. Like his sire, he was somewhat high on 
the leg ; l)ut in his appearance exhibited very considerable character. 
Principal Performances. 1854. Prior to the Derby, King Tom had the 
misfortune to injure his hock, necessitating, to some extent, a stoppage in 
his work. Nevertheless he made a fair fight for it with Andover, the 
field also including Hermit, Knight of St. George, Neville, Hospodar, and 
Marsyas. King Tom did not run again during this season. 1855. 
Newmarket : King Tom was amongst the starters for the Cesarewitch ; 
but his leg gave way early in the race ; and no attempt was made to 
bring him to the post again after this. His stock, as a rule, were 
overgrown, loosely made, and ungainly as two-year-olds, in addition to 



FaiHOKs Hor.scs. 207 

being rather delicate of constitution and uncertain in temperament 
Amongst tliem may be enumerated Kingcraft (winner of the Derby), 
Hannah (winner of the One Thousand, Oaks, and Leger), Hippia and 
Tormentor (winners of the Oaks), King Alfred, llestitution, King Lud, 
and Corisande ; most of them good sound, honest animals, and endowed 
with the wonderful staying ^^owers and endurance of their renowned 
grandsire Harkaway. King Tom was essentially a " filly getter " ; and, 
though Hannah came from a Melbourne source, Hippia from a Sultan 
Mare, Tormentor from a daughter of Alarm, and Tomato from a 
Sweetmeat mare, his two best colts, Kingcraft and King Lud, were 
both out of Yoltigeur mares. Other successful alliances were with 
daughters of Defence, The Cure, Bay Middleton, Kingston, Newminster, 
Orlando, Pantaloon, and Slane. Further, from King Tom mares have 
descended Winslow, Favonius, The Rake, and Kaiser. The young King 
Toms were mostly bays or chestnuts ; and his fillies were more compact 
and endowed with greater muscular power than his colts. 

VIRAGO, a great raking chestnut dan. of Pyrrhus the First, — Virginia 
by Rowton, — Pucelle by Muley, was foaled in 1S51. Mr. Stephenson, 
her breeder, insisted on Virago going to the hammer as a yearling. 
John Scott fancied her greatly and bid up to 340 guineas, when 
Mr. Padwick added ten and secured her. She was tried when a two-year- 
old with Little Harry (then four years old), receiving only 71b. William 
Day rode Virago, and was so pleased with her that he offered 2 ()()()/. for 
her on the ground, which offer was increased to 3()()()/. when they got 
into the house ; but Mr. Padwick would not sell. After the Doncaster 
Meeting, in LS54, she turned roarer, and was so changed that the little 
St. Hubert (a son of Surplice) beat her at something under weight for 
age in a spin at home. Principal Performances. 1854. Newmarket : 
Won the One Thousand Guineas, beating Meteora and Honeysuckle. 
Epsom : Won both the City and Suburban and Great Metropolitan 
Handicaps*. York : Won the Great Northern and Flying Dutchman's 
Handicap. Goodwood : Won the Cupf and the Nassau Stakes. York : 
Won the Yorkshire Oaks. Warwick : Won the Cup, beating Kingstcm, 
Cobnut, and Mincemeat (winner of the Oaks). Doncaster (71b. extra) : 
Won the Cup, beating Kingston easily. LS55. Newmarket: AVon the 
Poi-t Stakes. Ascot : Carried 9st. 71b. into fourth place for the Eoyal 
Hunt Cup. Virago broke down shortly after this, and was relegated to 
the stud. 



* Wliicli at tins time were run on tlie same day 

t West Australian Avas sent to Goodwood ; l)ut it was thought best not to oppose Yirago. 




i',uiu,a I'll JLiiiii Jill, 



WILD DAYRELL. 



WILD DAYRELL, a rich brown sun of Ion,— Ellen Middleton by Bay 
Middleton, — Myrrha by Malek (brother to Velocipede), — Bessy by Young 
Grouty (son of Grouty), — Grrandillora by Sir Harry Dimsdale (son of Sir 
Peter), — a dau. of Pipator, — a dau. of Young Marske, — Pyrrlia by 
Match'em, was foaled in 1S52. AVild Dayrell stood over sixteen hands, 
with length, strength, and symmetry to match. With the exception 
of Lady Flora, Mr. Popham (the breeder of Wild Dayrell) never in his 
life possessed a thoroughbred mare until, upon the advice of his groom, 
who had a very high opinion of the Bay Middleton and Myrrha blood, 
he purchased Ellen Middleton in 1850 for 50/., without even ever having 
seen her. Grrandiflora (the great grand-dam of Wild Dayrell) was never 
trained for racing. Having been turned out upon a moor upon which 
was a miscellaneous collection of yearlings, two-year-olds, and ponies, 
together with a stallion named Young (xouty, she was, when taken 
up again, discovered to be in foal. Although it was difficult to decide 
to whom the foal really belonged, the honour was eventually assigned 
to Young (xouty, and the foal was named Bessy. Wild Dayrell left 
to Buccaneer and The Rake (whose paternity, however, was questioned) 



Famom Horses. 269 

the honour of perpetuating a strain of blood which, if not the stoutest, 
was at any rate a vahiable variety, which we coukl ill afford to lose. 
Most of Wild Dayrell's stock could race ; and several two-year-olds 
at one time promised to make him a sire of fashion ; but the transition 
from two to three years old was fatal to this expectation. A mouse - 
brown colt, with a handsome head and rather hio-h on the leg-, mio-ht 
safely be set down as a Wild Dayrell, and several of his stock, notably 
Wild Charley, showed a deal of quality. The Eake, however, was 
quite of another mould, and partook more of the character of the 
Birdcatcher family. Wild Dap-ell was the sire of Buccaneer, The Eake, 
Wild Charley, Avalanche, Horror, Hurricane, Wild Agnes, Wild Oats, 
Wild Moor, iSrc. From his son Buccaneer descended Formosa, Brigantine, 
Paul Jones, See-Saw, and Kisber. Buccaneer, unfortunately, was 
banished to Hungary', before his success as a sire could be fairly tested ; 
but this was sufficiently established before his son Kisl^er won the 
Derby of 1S76. The Eake, Wild (3ats, and others of Wild Dap-ell's 
stock went altogether wrong. Principal Performances of Wild Dayrell. 
1855. Epsom: Won the Derby by two lengths, the field including 
Kingstown (second) and Lord of the Isles (winner of the Two Thousand 
Gruineas). York: Won the Ebor St. Leger, beating Oulston (winner 
this year of the Biennial at Bath, the Queen's Yase at Ascot, the 
Stewards' Cup at Stockbridge, and the Drawing-Eoom Stakes at 
Groodwood). Doncaster : Broke down in running for the Cup. The 
Baihj Telegrapli of March 13th, 1SS6, thus refers to Wild Dayrell: 
"At first sight he seemed light below the knee ; but, on measuring his 
fore-legs, they were found to be full of bone. He died at Littlecote Park 
in Xovember, 1870. In the morning of the day on which he died, 
Thomas Hodgson, who had succeeded Eickaby as stud groom at 
Littlecote, entered Wild Dap-ell's box, and found him perfectly well. 
He had emptied his manger to the last oat, and nothing indicated 
his approaching dissolution. When, however, Hodgson visited him 
again in the middle of the day, the great horse lay dead in his box. It 
was the opinion of the vet. at Hungerford, that apoplexy was the cause 
of his death." Had Wild Dapell not died prematurely, his fame as a 
sire would doubtless have equalled, or nearly so, that of Touchstone, 
Newminster, and Stock well. 




I'lniifi'd hij J 1,1 rill lldV. 



MARCHIONESS. 



MARCHIONESS, a bay dau. of Melbourne,— Cinizelli by Touchstone, 
— Brocade by Pantaloon (son of Castrel), — Bombasina by Thunderbolt 
(son of Sorcerer), — ^ Delta by Alexander (son of Eclipse), — -Isis by 
Sir Peter, — Ibis by Woodpecker, — Isabella by Eclipse, — a dau. of 
Squirrel (by Old Traveller), — Ancaster Nancy by Blank, was bred by the 
Hon. S. Hawke in 185.2 ; and won the Oaks of 1855, beating Blooming 
Heather by half-a-length, the field also including Capucine, Clotilde, 
Chalice (winner of the Iliddlesworth Stakes, the Ascot Boyal Hunt Cup, 
and the Poyal Stakes at Newmarket), and Nettle (the favourite). In the 
race Nettle bolted and fell over the chains, Marlow's leg being broken. 
Marchioness was unplaced for the St. Leger won by Saucebox. 

LORD OF THE ISLES, a bay son of Touchstone,— Fair Helen by 
Pantaloon, was foaled in 1852. Principal Performances. 1854. Grood- 
wood : Won the Lavant Stakes, beating Paradigm a head. Won the 
" Grreat North and South of England Biennial," beating Clotilde (in 
receipt of 91b., by a head), with Ellermire also in the field. 1855. Won 
the Two Thousand Guineas. Mr. James Merry, the owner of Lord of 
the Isles, was very capricious in his treatment of the jockeys who rode 



FautoHs Hordes. 271 

for him. Jem Goator luul been engaged some time previously to ride 
Lord of the Isles in the Two Thousand Gruineas. Having weighed out, 
he proceeded to assist in saddling the horse, as jockeys frequently did at 
that time. Just as he was leaving the weighing room, he encountered 
Mr. Merry, who abruptly said to him — " Take those colours of mine off ; 
Aldcroft will ride my horse." Groater went white as death, but did not 
reply. Turning back, he took off the colours, and handed them over to 
Tom Aldcroft, who had barely time to go in and weigh. Aldcroft and 
" Brusher " Wells (on St. Hubert) made between them the whole of the 
running. In the Abingdon Mile bottom. Lord of the Isles reached the 
girths of St. Hubert ; and, at the commencement of the cords, he got on 
terms. About half-way up the hill the yellow jacket and black cap was 
a good half-length in advance of St. Hubert, upon whom Wells now 
called upon for an effort, and a slashing struggle ensued. Lord of the Isles 
winning by a neck, after a desperate finish, both horses pulling up 
dreadfully tired. Kingstown, three lengths away, was third. Lord of 
the Isles was very much spurred, and Aldcroft had actually broken his 
whip over him. This was the first appearance in public of St. Hubert, 
who was a bright bay, and stood about 15.. 2. His shoulders were 
splendid ; and his action magnificent in the extreme. He was in fact 
about the handsomest horse in training at the time. After the race high 
words ensued between Mr. Padwick, the owner of St. Hubert, and his 
trainer, " honest John Lay," who had given Wells orders to " come along 
all the way," knowing full well that St. Hubert had great speed, but 
could only just get a mile. How good the latter really was, the j)iiblic 
unfortunately never knew, as he only ran once more, when he broke down 
in the race for the City and Suburban of 1856. Lord of the Isles was 
third for the Derby to Wild Dayrell and Kingstown. 

HABENA, a chestnut dau. of Irish Birdcatcher, — Bridle by The Saddler, 
— Monoeda by Taurus, — Mona by Partisan, — Miltonia by Patriot, — Miss 
Muston by King Fergus, was foaled in 1852. Principal Performances. 

1854. Newmarket: Won the Bretby Stakes, and two or three other races. 

1855. Newmarket: Won the Bennington Stakes, and the Column Stakes. 
Won the One Thousand Gruineas very cleverly by three-quarters of a 
length, a splendid struggle for second money ending in the head defeat of 
Clotilde by Capucine. Won the Newmarket St. Leger. 




I'aiiiti'd bii Harm Hall. 



FANDANGO. 



FANDANGO, a bay son of Barnton (own brother to Yoltigeur), — 
Castanette by Don John, — a dau. of Ishmael, — Misnomer by Merlin (son 
of Castrel), — a dau. of Phantom, — a dau. of Pericles, — Mary by Sir Peter, 
— a dau. of Diomed, — Desdemona by Old Marske, — Young Hag by Skim, 
was bred by the Earl of Zetland in 1852. " The Druid," in discoursing on 
the blood of Blacklock, through its four perpetuators — Buzzard, Brutan- 
dorf, Voltaire, and Velocij^ede — remarks that, — " No blood in the Stud 
Book is better winded or runs better when full of flesh. Their aptitude 
for a distance displays itself in a very muscular neck, without which ver}" 
few horses ever yet stayed ; and they have also great depth from the withers 
to the shoulder points ; and an immense roundness of rib in making the 
curve from the spine. " Voltigeur and Fandango had all these characteristics. 
Barnton w^as, like Melbourne, a coarse-headed, lengthy, rough style of 
horse. He was deep in the rib, and rather narrow ; whereas Voltigeur 
had more of the Blacklock roundness of rib. " Fandango's action was 
very sweeping and workmanlike ; and we never saw him look and steal 
along quite so well as when he ran second to One Act at 521b. for the Grreat 
Northern Handicap." (From " Silk and Scarlet " by " The Druid.") Prin- 
cipal Performances of Fandango. 1855. Epsom Spring (Ost. 121b.) : 
Won the Great Metropolitan. Ascot : Won the Cup, Eataplan and 



FamoHii Horses. 273 

Virago also iu the field. York : Beaten a neck by Eifleman for the Grreat 
Yorkshire Stakes, the field also including Lady Tatton and Saucebox. 
Was also beaten by Eifleman in the Don Stakes at Doncaster. 1856. 
NewTiiarket : Won the Port Stakes. York : Won the Queen's Plate, beating- 
Pretty Boy (winner of the Liverpool and Manchester Cups and the 
Goodwood Stakes), Typee (winner of the (xreat Yorkshire Handicap), and 
Fisherman. Doncaster : Won the Cup, beating Melissa by a head, the 
field also including Eogerthorpe (winner of the Groodwood Cup) and 
Warlock. Newmarket : Won the Cup, run for over the Beacon Course . 

SAUCEBOX, a bay son of St. Lawrence, — Priscilla Tomboy by Tomboy 
(son of Jerry, — a dau. of Ardrossan, — Lady Eliza by Wliitworth),— ^ 
Catalani by Tiger (son of Sir Paul, — Lady Charlotte by Buzzard), — 
Wilna by Smolensko, — Morgiana by Coriander, — Fairy Bird by High- 
flyer, — Fairy Queen by Young Cade, — Black Eyes by Old Crab, — The 
Warlock Gralloway by Snake, was foaled in 1852. Principal Perform- 
ances. 1854. Egham : Won the King John Stakes and the Magna 
Chai-ta Stakes. 1855. Manchester: Won the Cup. Ascot: Won the 
Queen's Plate. Liverpool : Beaten a head by Eataplan for the Queen's 
Plate. Lancaster : Won the Queen's Plate and the Cup. Doncaster : 
Won the Grreat St. Leger, beating Eifleman by a length, the field also 
including Lady Tatton, Eotherham, Oulston, Marchioness (winner of the 
Oaks), and Blooming Heather. Eifleman was, unquestionably, the bast 
horse in the race. Also won the Doncaster Stakes. 1856. Won the 
Queen's Plates at Salisbury, Northampton, Newmarket Craven, and 
Shrewsbury ; and the Eaton Stakes at Chester ; and ran second for the 
Grrosvenor Stakes at Chester, the Queen's Plate at Manchester, the Epsom 
Cup, the Ascot Cup, and the Queen's Plate at Ascot. Tomboy, the 
grandsire of Saucebox, " threw both legs clean round, and had all his 
action so completely from behind, that Johnny Gray said of him, when he 
rode him at Durham, ' he couldn't get on to his legs, without first sitting 
down on his tail.' " (From " The Druid.") 




J'liinted by JIanp Hall. 



ELLINGTON. 



ELLINGTON, a dark brown son of The Flying Dutchman, — Ellerclale 
by Lanercost, — a dau. of Tomboy, — Tesane by Whisker, — Lady of the 
Tees by Octavian, — a dau. of Sancho, — Miss Furey by Trumpator, — a 
dau. of Marc Antony, — Signora by Old Snap, — Miss Windsor by The 
Godolphin Arabian, was bred by Admiral Harcourt in 1853. "The 
Druid," in his work entitled " Scott and Sebright," speaking of Ellington, 
says that he " was ridden about at Admiral Harcourt's after his two-year- 
old season by the coachman, and made as handy at gate-opening as a 
hack." Principal Performances. 1855. York August : Won the Sapling 
Stakes. Doncaster : Won the Champagne Stakes. 1856. York Spring: 
Second for the Biennial. Chester : Second for the Dee Stakes. Epsom : 
Won the Derby, beating Yellow Jack by a length, the field also including 
Cannobie, Fazzoletto (winner of the Two Thousand), Fly-by-Night, 
Leamington (winner of the Chester Cup in 1857 and 1859), Rogerthorpe 
(winner of the Goodwood Cup), Artillery, and Pretty Boy. Doncaster: 
Not ])laced for the St. Leger won by Warlock. 

lYl INC ERIE, a chestnut dau. of Sweetmeat, — Foinnualla by L'ish 
Birdcatcher, — Brandy Bet by Canteen, was foaled in 1853. Principal 
Performances. 1855. Stockbridge : Won the Mottisfont Stakes. 1850. 



Fa III o IIS Ho I ses . 275 

Nf^wniarket First Spriiii>' : Second to Maiig-aiiese for the One Tliousand 
<Tuineas. Epsom : Won the Oaks, beating Melissa by a neck, the field 
also ineludini'- \ ictoria (winner of the Coronation Stakes at Ascot, the 
Triennial at Stoekbridge, the Yorkshire Oaks, and the Hoyal Stakes 
at Newmarket), Secret, and Shot (the dam of Marksman), (ioodwood : 
Won the Nassau Stakes. Doncaster (8st. 1.21b.) : Beaten a length by 
Melissa (8st. 71b.) for the Park Hill Stakes. 

FAZZOLETTO, a bay son of Orlando, — Canezou by Melbourne, was 
foaled in 1853. Principal Performances. 1855. Fazzoletto did not run 
as a two-year-old; but on his first appearance, in 1850, he won the 
Two Thousand Guineas, beating Yellow Jack by half-a-length. Pit-a-pat 
third, Bro. to Bird- on-tlie- Wing foui-th. Epsom : Fourth for the Derby 
to Ellington, Yellow Jack, and Cannobie. Goodwood : Won the 
Gratwicke Stakes. York : Won the Great Yorkshire Stakes. 

YELLOW JACK, a chestnut son of Irish Birdcatcher, — Jamaica by 
Liverpool, -^Preserve by Emilius, was bred at the Royal Stud in 185.3. 
Yellow Jack ran second (beaten by a head or neck only each time) for 
the Two Thousand, Derby, Chester Cup, Ascot Derby, Goodwood Cup, 
and other races ; and his ill-luck in this respect has almost passed into 
a proverb. 

ARTILLERY, a bay son of Touchstone, — Jeannette by Birdcatcher, — 
Perdita by Langar, — Delenda by Gohanna, — Carthage by Driver, — 
Fractious by Mercury, was foaled in 1853. Artillery ran a dead-heat 
with Bonnie Scotland for second place in the St. Leger of 1850 won 
by Warlock. 



r ■:: 




J'aiiitnl I'll Jliiriii lliill. 



WARLOCK. 



WARLOCK, a roan son of Irish Birdcatcher, — Elpliine by Emilius, — 
Variation by Bustard, was foaled in 1853. " Warlock," says " The 
Druid," " was a singularly unfortunate horse. At Epsom he was 
suffering from very sore shins. At Newcastle he bolted in his first race, 
and fell in the second. At Carlisle he was pulled up by mistake, after 
going once round. He was a wonderfully game horse, but somewhat 
slow, and required a deal of management. John Scott felt certain that, 
barring Ellington, of whom he had just dread, the St. Leger was safe 
enough for Warlock, whose finest performance, however, was when he 
beat the redoubtable Fisherman for the Queen's Plate, at York." 
Principal Performances. 185G. York : Won the Great Ebor Handicap. 
Doncaster : Won the Grreat St. Leger, the field including Bonnie Scotland 
(winner of the Doncaster Stakes), Artillery, Rogerthorpe (winner 
of the Groodwood Cup), Victoria (winner of the Coronation Stakes, &c.), 
and Ellington (winner of the Derby). 1857. York August : Beat Fisher- 
man for the Queen's Plate by a neck. Doncaster : Won the Great 
Yorkshire Handicap. Lincoln : Won the Queen's Plate. 

FISHERMAN, a bay son of Heron (by Bustard),— Mainbrace by Sheet 
Anchor, — a dau. of Bay Middleton, — Nitocris (sister to Memnon) by 



Famo/z-s 7for.scs\ 277 

Whisker, wiis foaled in J85l3, and purchased by Mr. Tom Parr in 1855. 
" In after times," says " The Druid," "Mr. Parr loved to tell how lie was 
wont to humour Fisherman either with a long" gallop or a short one, but 
he never left him long without work ; and he constantly referred to the 
Oolb. and head beating which Fisherman gave to Misty Morn (the 
winner that year — 1858 — of twelve races), and which performance he 
regarded as Fisherman's greatest triu^mph out of all his sixty-seven 
victories." Modern race-goers know little or nothing of " Tom Parr," as 
he was familiarly called, who died in obscurity and poverty, and pai-alysed 
with old age, in January, 1880. In his day Tom Parr was a great power 
on the Turf. He began his career in 1843 with Young Lochinvar by 
Tipple Cider (a son of Defence), purchased from Mr. Treen ; but he made 
a poor show until 185.2, when he bought Weathergage for sixty guineas. 
At this point his luck turned, and the Penham horses (including Gaspard 
and Lupellus) achieved as great a name as those at Danebury and Russley. 
But misfortune again dogged his footsteps, until at length the once 
famous " Puce and White," so often to the fore in many of the great 
races, died completely away. Fisherman won twenty-three Queen's 
Plates, two Queen's Vases, nine Cups, and thirty-three other races, 
beating such horses as Warlock, Ellington, Melissa, Mincepie, Gemma-di- 
Vergy, Artillery, Sirius, Lord Nelson, Chevalier d'Industrie, Leamington, 
Black Tommy, Skirmivsher, Saunterer, Misty Morn, Gildermire, Arsenal, 
Sunbeam, Ignoramus, North Lincoln, Lifeboat, Newcastle, &c, 

MANGANESE, a chestnut dau. of Irish Birdcatcher, — Moonbeam by 
Tomboy, — Lunatic by Prime Minister, — Maniac by Shuttle, was foaled in 
1858. 1855. Manganese appeared in public on sixteen occasions as a 
tw^o -year-old, gaining ten winning brackets, including the Municipal 
Stakes, and the Portland Stakes at Doncaster, the latter being at the time 
a handicap for all ages, including two-year-olds, Manganese starting at 
15^1 in a field of twenty-three, including one or two four-year-olds 
carrying the same weight as the winner. Second to Coroner (who won 
on each of the six occasions upon which he started this year) for the 
Eglinton Stakes. 1856. Newmarket : Won the One Thousand Guineas, 
beating Mincepie half-a-length. Doncaster : Second to Bonnie Scotland 
for the Doncaster Stakes. 




/■ iiited by Han-y Hall. 



BLINK BONNY. 



BLINK BONNY, a yellow-bay dan. of Melbourne,— Queen Mary by 
Grladiator, was bred by Mr. W. I'Anson, of Malton, in 1854. "Blink 
Bonny did very well until the autumn of IS •")(), when the harassing" 
dentition fever, which was alvva}s peculiarly severe with the Melbourne 
stock, set in, and she sank, as Blooming Heather had done before her, to 
a perfect skeleton. She was the first of the family I'Anson had ever 
trained as a two-year-old, and she had a strange propensity to lean to the 
off-side, as through she was shrinking from some unseen fury. On her 
journey up to Epsom for the Derby, she seemed to have improved both 
in vigour and conhdence, and when she galloped on the Tuesday with 
Strathnaver, on Epsom downs, she drew right away from him with her 
head down, and going in her best two-year-old form, setting back her 
ears, and flinging up her tail, as if she meant vengeance. In the race 
I'Anson saw^ her off in the ruck, hard held by Charlton, but although he 
swept the thirty horses, backwards and forwards, with his glasses, he 
could never find Charlton's yellow cap till they were close at home." (From 
"The IJruid.") In October, 1850, Mr. I'Anson refused 5000 guineas for 
Blink Bonny, offered by Mr. John Jackson, the owner of Saunterer. 



Fft III II v Ho ) 'se-s- . 271) 

After breeding Borealis, Blair Athol, and Breadalhane, Blink Bonny died 
when foaling the last-named in 186:2, the colt being reared by a cart-mare. 
Principal Performances. 1856. Liverpool: Won the (ireat Lancashire 
Stakes. Goodwood : Won the Bentinck Memorial. York August : 
Won the (iimcrack Stakes. Loncaster : Won the Filly Stakes and a 
Sweepstakes. 1857. Newmarket: Not placed for the One Thousand 
Guineas to Imperieuse, Tasmania, and Ayacanora, Epsom : Won the 
Derby by a neck from Black Tommy, the field also including Adamas 
(a head only from the second), Strathnaver (a neck only from Adamas), 
Tournament (favourite), Skirmisher, Zuyder Zee, Special Licence, Chevalier 
d'Industrie, and Saunterer. Mr. I'Anson's orders to Charlton M^ere, 
"Not to hurry Blink Bonny, and to win as near at the post as he could," 
orders which Avere faithfully carried out. The connections of Tournament 
were very sanguine ; but, when being saddled for the race, he broke out 
into a " black sweat," as his trainer described it, and his running was too 
bad to be true. In the St. Leger he was again unfortunate, as, when 
going well, on passing the Rifle Butts George Fordham took a pull at 
him, and could never properly set him going again ; and he only finished 
third, but in front of Blink Bonny. His trainer, Drewitt, always 
considered him unlucky not to have won both Derby and St. Leger. 
Blink Bonny also won the Oaks by eight lengths, the field including 
Moestissima and Imperieuse (winner of the St. Leger). Goodwood : Won 
the Bentinck Memorial, beating Chevalier d'Industrie by twenty lengths. 
Doncaster: Fourth only for the St. Leger, but won the Park Hill 
Stakes — Blink Bonny 's last race. 

IMPERIEUSE, a rich bay dau. of Orlando,— Eulogy by Euclid,— Martha 
Lynn by Mulatto, was bred at the Hampton Court Paddocks in 1854. 
Imperieuse was a handsome, blood-like filly; and nothing could have 
looked better than she did on the St. Leger day. She won John Scott 
his fourteenth St. Leger, though it was only the first he had won with an 
animal of his own. Principal Performances. 1856. Goodwood: Won 
the Lavant Stakes. 1857. Newmarket: Won the One Thousand Guineas 
by half-a-length, the field including Tasmania (second), Ayacanora, and 
Blink Bonny. Epsom : Fourth to Blink Bonny for the Oaks. Doncaster : 
Won the Great St. Leger by two lengths, the field including Commotion 
(second). Tournament (third), Blink Bonny (winner of the Derby), and 
Adamas. Imperieuse did not run again. 




Drwrii till J. Sttirgcsx. 
SAUNTERER. 

(Reproduced by permission of the "Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News.") 

SAUNTERER, a black son of Irish Birdcatcher, — Ennui by Bay 
Middleton, — Blue Devils by Velocipede, — Care by Woful, — Camarine's 
dam by liubens, was foaled in 1854, purchased when a foal by 
Mr. John Osborne for 50/., and resold at the end of 1(S57 to 
Mr. James Merry for 2100/. Saunterer was just fifteen hands three 
inches high. He had a habit of continually whisking his thin switch 
tail about, and of invariably throwing back his ears. He always trained 
light, and had a wonderful bloom on his coat, and, when in the humour, 
could race and stay with the best of his year. Altogether, he was a 
handsome specimen of the thoroughbred. Despite his great merits as a 
I'acer, his fine breeding and splendid conformation, he was certainly a 
failure at the stud. His Derby lot was cast in an extraordinarily good 
year ; but, before the end of the season, he had distinguished himself 
rarely ; and in the Cambridgeshire, for which he was handicapped at 
8st. 121b., he won the large bet Mr. Jackson had made that "he would 
finish within ten lengths of the winner." He finished third, a per- 



Famous Horses. 281 

forniance wliicli was regarded as one of the most remarkable on record. 
Wlien under Dawson's care, he was known in racing circles as " Matt's 
Black " ; and in liis new colours (yellow jacket and black cap), he won the 
Goodwood Cup. Principal Performances. 185G. Won several races. 
1857. Epsom : Not placed in the Derby won by Blink Bonny. Chester 
October Meeting : Won the Chester Handicap. This race was re- 
markable for the terrific rush with which Saunterer came through his 
horses at the half -distance, winning " hands down." Newmarket 
(3yrs., 8st. 1.21b.): Third for the Cambridgeshire. 1858. Goodwood: 
Won the Cup, beating Fisherman. 

UNDERHAND, a bay son of The Cure (by Physician,— Morsel by 
Mulatto, — Jjinda by Waterloo), — Contraction by Emilius, — Ophelia by 
Bedlamite (son of Welbeck),-^Lady of the Lake by Sorcerer, — a dau. of 
Sultan, — a dau. of Herod, was foaled in 1854. " Underhand," writes 
"The Druid," " was a very small colt (a trifle under fifteen hands). . . . 
His style of carrying his head very high, in his gallop, led to the belief 
that he could not stay. This was a great mistake, as was proved in his 
long races ; but, in a waiting race, his great speed always enabled him to 
run through his horses, even under very heavy weights. Aldcroft rode 
him admirably, his tender and patient nursing enabling him to win if it 
was possible. He very nearly won the Northumberland Plate four years 
in succession ; and no horse, save Underhand, ever ran in the same 
handicap for five out of his six seasons, and not only win it three times, 
but finish by being second. Principal Performances. 185G. Chester: 
Won the Mostyn Stakes. 1857. Manchester: Won the Cup. New- 
castle: Won the Northumberland Plate. 1858. Newcastle (8st.) : Won 
the Northumberland Plate. 1859. Newcastle (8st. 121b.) : Won the 
Northumberland Plate. York August (IJst. lib.) : Won the Great Ebor 
Handicap. 1860. Newcastle: Second for the Northumberland Plate. 

CHEVALIER D'INDUSTRIE, a rich chestnut son of Orlando,— Industry 
by Priam, was foaled in 1854. The Chevalier stood over sixteen hands, 
had a very sweet temper, and carried himseK very grandly. The best of 
his stock was Friponnier, who, in ISGG, beat the winner of the Derby 
and St. Leger; and, in 18G7, the winners of both Derby and Oaks. 




Dratcn by J. Sturifest 



VEDETTE. 
(Reproduced by permission of the "Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News.") 



VEDETTE, a brown son of Voltigeur, — Mrs. Riclgeway by Bird- 
catcher, — Nan Darrel by Inheritor (son of Lottery, — Handmaiden by 
Walton, — Anticipation by Beningborough), — Nell by Blacklock, — 
Madame Vestris by Comus, — ^Lisette by Hambletonian, was foaled in 
1854. " Voltigeur's finest nick," says "The Druid," "was with 
Mr. Chilton's Birdcatcher Mare, and from it came Vedette, with 
Blacklock blood on both sides. Nothing could have been more 
unpromising than his yearling look, as his head was big, his middle 
like a brood mare's, and his hocks very far behind him ; and hence, much 
as Lord Zetland liked the blood, he wavered for some time, till 
Mr. Williamson used all his eloquence in favour of 'the ugly one.' At 
last the .250./. went the right way; and, unpromising as the beginning 
seemed, it is doubtful whether such a horse has ever been at Aske. He 
had quite as little idea as Fandango of leaving off, and for pace and 
staying as well, if the trainers and jockeys were polled, he would have as 



Fa III oils Jforscs. 283 

many votes as Yoltii^-eur. When the chronic rhenmatisni was not 
tronbling liim few had siicli action, and as lie went with liis head down, 
he seemed to ' get all he stretched for. ' In a trial over two miles at 
Catterick, he gave Ignoramus lOlb. and won by half-a-lengtli. This 
course proved fatal to both of them at last, as well as to seven others 
from Aske, including Sabreur and Fandango, and in each case it was 
the left leg which gave way." Principal Performances. 1857. During 
the spring of this year Vedette suffered from severe attacks of chronic 
rheumatism ; and when he came out to run for the Two Thousand 
Gruineas, rumours as to his lameness were rife. John Osborne walked 
him dowai to the post; but a short canter seemed to put him right, and 
he won without much difficulty ; though liis opponents were certainly 
not of much account. Vedette was not entered for the Derby. In the 
Grreat Yorkshire Stakes he easily disposed of Skirmisher and Saunterer. 
At Doncaster he beat Fisherman in the Fitzwilliam Stakes ; and (John 
Osborne up) won the Cup, finishing his three-year-old season without 
defeat. 1858. York (8st. 71b.): Wcm the Great Ebor Handicap, the 
field including Fisherman and Underhand. Doncaster : Won the Cup 
for the second time, the field including Saunterer and Fisherman. His 
last race. Vedette was the sire of Clalopin, Speculum, Grardevisure, &c. 

GOVERNESS, a chestnut dau. of Chatham,— a dau. of Laurel,— Flight 
b}' Velocipede, — Miss Wilkes by Octavian, was foaled in 1855 ; and won 
the One Thousand (iuineas and Oaks of 1858, the field for the latter 
including Grildermire (second), and Sunbeam (who afterwards won the 
St. Leger). 

FitZROLAND, a chestnut son of Orlando,— Stamp by Emilius,— 
Receipt by Rowton, was bred at the Royal Stud in 1855. Principal 
Performances. 1858. Newmarket : Won the Two Thousand Guineas. 
Just before starting. Lord Ribblesdale communicated to Fordham (the 
rider of Happy Land) the fact that an anonymous writer had asserted 
that the latter intended to prevent his mount winning. Excited by this 
unfounded charge, Fordham dashed Happy Land to the front from the 
start, making the running at such a pace that the field were almost 
"chopped" before they could feel their legs. Coming down the Bushes 
Hill the pace was not quite so hot, and Wells on FitzRoland began to 
show a bold front. In the Al)ingdon Mile Bottom, Happy Land, now 
fairly pumped out, was caught by FitzRoland wdio beat him a length 
and a haK, after a desperate race, the rest of the field being completely 
spread-eagled. Happy Land certainly ought to have won, and Fordham 
cried like a child both before and after the race. 




l;n„l,,l l.ii Hi, nil Hull. 



BEADSMAN. 



BEADSMAN, a very dark brown son of Weatlierbit, — Mendicant by 
Touchstone, was bred by Sir Joseph Hawley in 1855. " It is more than 
probable that the grand blood of Weatherbit would, like that of Defence 
and other noted sires, have lapsed into oblivion had it not been for 
Beadsman; and it is to him alone that the honour of elevating- the 
Sheet Anchor line into impcjrtance is due, stoutness of heart and well- 
proved staying powers being the chief characteristics of that line," the 
descendants of which do not, however, inherit that fatal gift of beauty 
which has so often proved a snare and a delusion to breeders. Beadsman 
had all the fine action of his dam, though people pronounced him a " rum 
one to look at." He was a queer, angular, leggy style of youngster, and 
the winter did not do much for him. As a three-year-old he was one of 
those wiry looking animals who are usually more reliable than flashier 
customers. When in training he was never a public favourite ; and it is 
this fact, probably, coupled with Toxophilite's easy victory at (loodwood, 
that caused popular opinion to veer in the direction of the " Black and 
White " colours of Lord Derby, who ran second to Beadsman, with 
Toxophilite, in the great Epsom race. Beadsman did not essay Cup 



Fa)i)Of/.s Horses. 285 

honours. The St. Leg-er, moreover, had not such charms for Sir Joseph 
as the Derby ; and it certainly does seem strange that the names of 
Teddington, Beadsman, Musjid, and Bkie Grown shoukl have been omitted 
from the Doncaster entries. " The IJruid " remarks, — " The Derby poHsh 
put upon Beadsman's coat by Manning is a thing to be remembered by 
all who saw him in the paddock on that eventful day. He was exactly 
fifteen hands three inches high, rather light and leggy, and somewhat 
wanting in bone. His head was large, plain, and lean, with full, 
prominent eyes, and was well set on to an elegantly arched neck, so seldom 
associated with the character of a genuine stayer. Nothing could possibly 
be finer than the style in which he swept past the Stand at Epsom to the 
astonishment both of Lord Derb}' and Flatman, who believed that the 
beating which Toxophilite gave him at Goodwood, the year before, when 
conceding him 81b., could not on this occasion, at even weights, be 
possibly reversed. Sir Joseph won 80,000/. on this Derby, Principal 
Performances. 1857. Beadsman was backward as a two-year old and ran 
twice unsuccessfully. 1858. Ean a dead-heat with Eclipse (by Orlando) 
for the Newmarket Stakes. Epsom : Won the Derby by a length, the field 
including Toxophilite (second). The Hadji (third), Eclipse, EitzRoland 
(winner of the Two Thousand), and The Happy Land. 

TOXOPHILITE, a bay son of Longbow,— Legerdemain by Pantaloon, — 
Decoy by Filho-da-Puta, was bred by Lord Derby in 1855. Legerdemain 
slipped a filly foal the day after winning the Cesare witch of 1849, and 
continued in training until after 1851. The soft-heartedness of Toxophilite 
was most remarkable ; and he curled up at the finish of both the Derby and 
St. Leger in a manner seldom seen. Principal Performances. 1857. 
Goodwood : Won a Sweepstakes, the field including Beadsman, who was 
third. 1858. Epsom : Beaten a length by Beadsman for the Derby. 
Won the Ascot Derby. Doncaster : Fourth to Sunbeam for the St. Leger. 
Won the Doncaster Stakes. Newmarket : Won the Grand Duke Michael 
Stakes. 

SUNBEAM, a bay dau. of Chanticleer (by Birdcatcher),— Sunfiower by 
Bay Middleton, — lo by Taurus, — Problem by Merlin, was foaled in 1855. 
Principal Performances. 1858. Ascot: Won the Coronation Stakes. 
Goodwood : Won the Chesterfield Cup. Doncaster : Won the St. Leger, 
beating The Hadji half-a-length, Blanche of Middlebie third, Toxophilite 
fourth, with Knight of Kars, Governess, Gildermire, and Mentmore also 
in the field. 




J'aiid.il by Jluiiii Hull. 



lYIUSJID, a bay son of Newminster, — Peggy by Muley Moloch (an 
npstanding son of Muley, — Nancy by Dick Andrews), — Fanny by Jerry, 
— Fair Charlotte (sister to Tarrare) by Catton, was bred by Sir Joseph 
Hawley in 1856. " Musjid," says "The Druid," "was one of the 
Tickhill ticklers. His sire, Newminster, had two seasons there with 
Tickhill mares, and Tramp, Catton, Barefoot, Langar, Juggler (son of 
Comus), Cardinal Puff, Hetman Platoff, and Rataplan also figured there 
for a time, under those ivy-covered battlements, girdled with a moat, 
above whose tangled mass of elm and sycamore the gilt Tarrare stands 
forth, to tell of those blue-stripe days when George Nelson (Lord 
Scarborough's favourite and faithful jockey) seldom missed strolling 
of a morning to the old castle. The saddle-room box was Musjid's 
Inrthplace, and he only contrived to save his year by six days. He was 
the finest galloper in the paddock, but went very wide and awkwardly 
behind. After his Derby trial, Wells vowed he had never ridden 
anything so good, and never expected to do so again." Principal 
Performances. 1858. Stockbridge : Won the Mottisfont Stakes. 1859. 
Epsom : Won the Derby by half-a-length, the field including Marionette 



Farnom Horses. 287 

(second), Trumpeter (third, and beaten only a neck), The Promised Land 
(winner of the Two Thousand Guineas and Goodwood Cup), fourth, 
(beaten a neck from Trumpeter), and Gamester (who afterwards won the 
St. Leg-er). Musjid did not run again. 

TRUMPETER, a chestnut son of Orhmdo, — Cavatina by Redshank, — 
Oxygen by Emilius, was foaled in 185G, and purchased when a yearling 
for .220 guineas by Mr. Hill. Principal Performances. 1859. Newmarket 
Craven : Won the Biennial. Bath : Won the Biennial, but pulled up 
ver}- lame. Epsom: Third for the Derby to Musjid, who beat Marionette 
half-a-length only. Trumpeter had been tried 101b. better than 
Marionette ; but his leg gave way altogether in the race, and he was 
forthwith taken out of training. Trumpeter was the sire of Abergeldie, 
Koenig, Plutus (sire of Flageolet), Distin, Queen's Messenger, Lady 
Elizabeth, &c., &c. His stock were often delicate and difficult to train. 
" Queen's Messenger," says Sir George Chetwynd, in his interesting 
work, " Pacing Peminiscences," " by Trumpeter out of the famous 
Queen Bertha, was one of the gamest horses that ever looked through a 
bridle, which was astonishing, as he was a star-gazer, with a trick of 
always finishing with his head up in the air. He was not a success as a 
sire, but when furnished and let down as a stallion, the beauty of his 
small Arab-like head and ears was remarkable." 

SUIYIIYIERSIDE, a low, lengthy brown dau. of West Australian, — 
Ellerdale (dam also of Ellermire, Ellington, and Gildermire) by Lanercost, 
was bred by Admiral Harcourt in 1850 ; and won the Oaks of 1859, the 
field including Mayonaise (winner of the One Thousand). 

GAMESTER, a brown son of The Cossack, — Gaiety by Touchstone, — 
Cast Steel by Wliisker, — Twinkle by Walton, — a dau. of Orville, — 
Lisette by Hambletonian, was bred by Sir Charles Monck, Bai-t., in 1850. 
Gamester \von the Doncaster St. Leger of 1859, the field including 
Defender (second), Summerside, and The Promised Land (winner of the 
Two Thousand Guineas. 

THE PROMISED LAND, a brown son of Jericho,— Glee by Touchstone, 
— Harmony by Peveller, — a dau. of Orville, — Mirth by Trumpator, — 
Hoity Toity by Highfiyer, was foaled in 1850, and won the Two 
Thousand Guineas of 1859. 

MAYONAISE, a bay dau. of Teddington, — Picnic by Glaucus, was 
foaled in 1850, and won the One Thousand Guineas of 1859. 




I'lUiitul hii limy II. ill. 



THORMANBY. 



TH OR MAN BY, a pale golden chestnut son of Windliound (by 
Pantaloon), — Alice Hawthorn by Muley Moloch, was foaled in 1857. 
Thormanby was a type of one of those wiry, light-fleshed, greyhound style 
of horses, with bounding elastic action, whose abilities so often belie their 
looks, and an uphill course was his delight. As was the case with most 
of Mr. Merry's two-year-olds, he had to go through a very strong 
preparation for his engagements. Never was a horse stripped in finer 
condition than Thormanby for the Derby. His coat was like a mirror, 
and when he galloped past the Stand he seemed to hardly touch the 
ground. Umpire, looking like a " dog-horse," from the murderous 
treatment of his trainer, speedily gave way to him in the betting. 
" Thormanby forms a pleasant link for Matthew Dawson between his old, 
and new service. He thought old Alice, Thormanby's dam, a very hopeless 
subject ; but the spring brought her renewed strength, and she did not turn 
from Windliound, as she had done three weeks before from Melbourne, 
who got no foal at all that season." ("The Druid.") Thormanby 
was the sire of Plaudit, Hester, Sunshine, Normanl^y, Thorwaslden, 
&c. Nearly all his stock had good action, and their heai-ts were 



Famouf< TTor-^o^. 289 

mostly in tlie riglit place ; but, as a rule, they did not train on. 
Thormanby himself was all action, thonjj-h an indifferent beginner, and 
was a lazy, good-tempered animal. Principal Performances. 1S59. Asa 
two-year-old Thormanby won ten out of the fifteen races for which he 
started, including the Ascot Biennial, Lavant, Uimcrack, Prendergast, and 
Criterion Stakes ; beating, in these events, Mainstone, Butterfly, Oxford, 
Pupee, Cramond, Sweet Sauce, Aurora, Contadina, King of Diamonds, 
Thunderbolt, (!('c. 1800. Epsom: Won the Derby by two lengths, the 
field including Tlie Wizard (winner of the Two Thousand Gruineas, 
second), Horror (third), Nutbourne, Cape Fl^^away, Umpire (bred in 
America), High Treason, Mainstone, and Cramond. Doncaster : Not 
placed in the St. Leger won by St. Albans. Second for the Doncaster 
Cup to Sabreur. Newmarket : Second to Wizard for the Grand Duke 
Michael Stakes. 1801. Newmarket: Won the Claret Stakes, beating 
Umpire by thirty lengths. Ascot : Won the Gold Cup very easily l)y 
two lengths, the field including Fairwater (second), Parmesan, St. Albans, 
and Dulcibella. Goodwood : Not placed for the Cup, won by Starke, who 
beat The Wizard a head, the preparation for this race having settled 
Thormanl)y. 

NUTBOURNE, a very rich chestnut son of The Nabob,— The Princess 
by Merry Monarch, — Queen Charlotte by Elis, — Charlotte West by 
Tramp, was foaled in 1857. Nutbourne w^as the sire of Friiulein (winner 
of the Doncaster Cup of 1875). Principal Performances. 1859. Good- 
wood : Won the Findon Stakes, beating Thunderbolt, Thormanby, and 
Contadina. 1800. Epsom: Broke down in the Derby won by Thormanby, 
and was taken out of training. 

THUNDERBOLT, a slashing rich golden chestnut son of Stock well, — 
Cordelia by lied Deer (son of Venison), — Emilia by Young Emilius (son 
of Emilius, — Cobweb by Phantom), — Peruvian by Whisker, was foaled in 
1857. Principal Performances. 1801. Goodwood: Won the Stewards' 
Cup with 9st. 181b. in the saddle. 180.2. Stockbridge : Won the Cup. 
" Thunderbolt was of a very docile disposition ; but did not readily forget 
cross words or blow^s ; and is said to have ' taken the shirt off ' one 
attendant, who omitted making it up again after a misunderstanding." 

SAGITTA, a bay sister to Toxophilite by Longbow, was bred by the 
Earl of Derby in 1857, and won the One Thousand Guineas of 1800. 




I)riiiiii hii J. ,Sliii'(jess. 



ST. ALBANS. 
(Reproduceil by permission of the " Illustrated Si)ortinfr and Dramatic News.") 

ST. ALBANS, a showy and very rich dark chestnut son of Stockwell, 
— Bribery by The Libel, — Split vote by St. ]juke (son of Bedlamite), — 
Electress by Election, was foaled in 1857. The produce of Bribery were 
delicate of constitution ; and St. Albans, himself, required extreme care 
during the winter preceding his two-year-old season, owing to a weakness 
in his knees, and he could never be relied upon for two days together. 
His temper was bad to a degree, his constant frenzies rendering it 
dangerous for any strangers to go near him. Springfield, Julius, The 
Primate, Lady Grrace, The Parson, St. Ronan, Martyrdom, St. Mungo, 
Caithness, and Seville were the best of the sons and daughters of St. 
Albans. Principal Performances. 1860. Won the Grreat Metropolitan, 
the Newmarket Stakes, and the Chester Cup. St. Albans after this 
exhibited symptoms of unsoundness, and was w^ithdrawn from the Derby. 
The state of the ground for some time prior to the St. Leger, however, 
was highly favourable to his preparation, while Thormanby was to some 
extent hurried in his work. The race for the St. Leger was magnificent. 
Crossing the road, Umpire collared Sabreur, who here held out signals of 



Faniot/fi Horses. 291 

distress, and shortly after gave place to The Wizard, who led the flying 
squadron at a tremendous pace, and going himself so strongly that il 
looked any odds upon him. Here, however, Luke Snowden, seeing that 
every other horse in the race was beaten, gave St. Albans his head, and 
the chestnut, coming at once with a mighty rush that fairly electrified the 
bystanders, Avon by a couple of lengths. High Treason being second, The 
Wizard third, Sabreur fourth, and Thormanby (whose defeat was greeted 
by a frenzied yell from the inclosure) fifth. St. Albans lathered very 
much while at the post. Sweetsauce, Umpire, Wallace, Buccaneer, and 
King of Diamonds were also in the field. St. Albans also started for tlie 
Doncaster Cup, l)ut pulled up very lame. 1S()1. Broke down during the 
race for the Ascot Cup, leaving Thormanby to avenge his St. Leger 
defeat. St. All:»ans did not run again. 

BUTTERFLY, a chestnut dau. of Turnus (son of Taurus by Phantom, 
— Katherine by Soothsayer), — Catherine by Don John, — Arachne by 
Filho-da-Puta, was foaled in 1S57. Principal Performances. LS59. 
Catterick: Beat High Treason. LSfiO. AYon the Oaks, the field including 
Avalanche, Contadina, Rupee, Seclusion (dam of Hermit), and Vesta 
(dam of A^espasian and Sabinus). Ascot : Beaten a head by Rupee for 
the Cup, with The Promised Land also in the field. Taurus, grandsire of 
Butterfly, was sixteen hands high, with enormous pace for a mile and a 
quarter, and a very beautiful horse indeed. He was matched five times at 
half a mile ; and, as he would be going best pace in forty yards, scarcely 
anything could get to his shoulder at that distance. 

"^THE WIZARD, a bay son of West Australian,— a dau. of The Cure 
(by Physician), — Elphine by Emilius, was foaled in 1857. Principal Per- 
formances. 1860. Won the Two Thousand Cluineas in a canter. Second 
to Thormanby for the Derby. AVon the Ascot Derby. Doncaster: 
Third to St. Albans and High Treason for the St. Leger. Newmarket : 
Beat Thormanby in a canter at even weights for the Grrand Duke Michael 
Stakes, with Thunderbolt and High Treason (each in receipt of 71b.) also 
in the field. 

RUPEE, a brown dau. of The Nabob (son of Glaucus), — Bravery by 
Gameboy (son of Tomboy), — Ennui by Bay Middleton, was foaled in 
1857. Principal Performances. 1859. Ascot: Won the New Stakes. 
1860. Ascot: Won the Biennial. Also won the Ascot Cup, beating 
Butterfly, The Promised Land, Weatherbound, and Gamester. Rupee 
showed a very strong partiality for the Ascot course. 



u 2 




Prifnted by Hiirni UaJl. 



KETTLEDRtFM. 



KETTLEDRUIYl, a by no means eleo-ant, but very strong limbed, 
chestnut son of llataplan, — Hybla (Mincemeat's dam), was bred by 
Mr. Cookson in 1858, who chose Rataplan to mate with Hybla (who was 
never broken), for the sake of the double cross of AYlialebone, through 
The Saddler and The Baron, as it was his theory that " whatever may be 
the best strain a mare has, the horse should be selected with the same." 
" On a straight course Kettledrum could make his own running when he 
had had a little time to settle down ; but he got his head up, and crossed 
his legs immediately he tried to do it on a round one. A tremendous 
pace was what he wanted, and the style in which he stole along on the 
Derby day from Tattenham Corner — ever handy with Dundee, when the 
bay came down the fatal hill into the straight like a flash, or flew up the 
Doncaster one .... was a sight not to be forgotten. He was laid up 
with plaisters on his legs long before the St. Leger, in which race York- 
minster's flat refusal to make the running to the Red House, as he was 
appointed to do, was fatal to his chance. ' ' (From " The Druid. ") Principal 
Performances. 1861. Second to Diophantus for the Two Thousand 
Guineas. Won the Derby. Before reaching the distance Dundee broke 
dow^n very badly. At the half -distance, Klarikoff, Aurelian, Kettledrum, 



Famous Horses. 293 

Diopliantus, and Dundee were running nearly level, when Bullock, with 
one prick of the spur, sent Kettledrum a length in advance, and he 
appeared to be winning easily. At the inclosure, however, Dundee came 
again, in the gamest style, for the final struggle ; but failed to reach 
Kettledrum, who won by a length, Dundee beating Diophantus a head 
for second place. (Klarikoff had been very highly tried with Cape 
Flyaway, and had been backed to win an enormous stake, the Derby 
being looked upon at Whitehall as over. The horse was purchased by 
Lord St. A^incent for a large sum. At the start for the Derby Klarikoff 
escaped the notice of Mr. McGreorge, and was practically left at the post ; 
and, on his return to Malton, was burnt alive in his van.) Doncaster : 
Beaten a head by Caller Ou for the St. Leger ; and ran a dead heat with 
Brown Duchess for the Doncaster Cup. Cymbal was Kettledrum's best 
son, while Phoenix and Lady Langden (the dam of Hampton) also owned 
him as sire. 

DUNDEE, a bay son of Lord of the Isles, — Marmalade by Sweetmeat, — 
Theano by Waverley, — Cherub by Hambletonian, — Spitfire by Pipator, — 
Farewell by Slope, — a dau. of Young Marske, was foaled in LS58. 
" Dundee was a coltish, light-fleshed horse, with a beautiful wind, a very 
blood-like head, and fine thighs ; but, like his sire, a little upright on his 
fore-joints. A few days before the Epsom Meeting, the condition of the 
suspensory ligament, in the near foreleg, caused considerable anxiety and 
suspicion that all was not right there. During the race for the Derby it 
gave way altogether, the fetlock, at the finish, touching the ground ; and 
it was with great difficulty that they got him back to Sherwood's. A 
finish with Lady Clifden, Big Ben, Dundee, and Little Lady, and not 
three-quariers of a length between them, is one Liverpool may not see 
again. Once in form Dundee ruled for the season." (From " The 
Druid.") Principal Performances. LS60. Epsom : Won the Wooclcote. 
Goodwood : Won the Findon Stakes. Newmarket : Won the Hopeful 
Stakes, beating the " flying " Little Lady, who was in receipt of 81b., 
by a neck. 186L Epsom : Broke down in the Derby. 




l;,n,l.,l I'll jhii , ,1 Hull. 



CALLER OU. 



CALLER OU, a brown daii. of Stockwell, — Haricot by Mango (son of 
Eniilius), — Queen Mary by Gladiator, was bred by Mr. William I' Anson 
in 1858. Custance, in his " Eiding Recollections," says — "Caller Ou 
was a very strong mare, with a ewe neck, and pulled hard, while she 
generally was exceedingly awkward to ride. She carried her head high ; 
and, in fact, her neck was almost the wrong way up." 18(50. Caller Ou 
won all her trials both as a two and a three-year-old ; but, notwith- 
standing this, her form, in her first season, was anything but brilliant. 
1861. Not placed in the Oaks won by Brown Duchess. Won the 
St. Leger, the field also including Kettledrum (winner of the Derby), 
Imaus, Camerino, and Aurelian. Within the distance, Caller Ou joined 
Kettledrum, and from this point the race lay between these two. 
Opposite the Stand Caller Ou got slightly the advantage over Kettledrum, 
whom, after a desperate struggle, she defeated by a head. 1863. 
Newcastle : Won the Northumberland Plate. 1864. Newcastle : Won 
the Northumberland Plate. York: Won the Cup. 1865. Newcastle 
(9st. 01b.) : Beaten half-a-length by Brown Bread (-iyrs., 6st. 51b.) for 
the Northumberland Plate. At the distance Brown Bread held a lead of 



Ffimo/'-s TTorsr.^-. 295 

a len^'th and a hall" ; but, at tlic lialf-distaiice, lie was headed l)y Caller 
Oil. She died away a^-am, however, about hair-a-dozen strides from 
home ; and l>rown JJread, catching- her on the post, won by half-a-neck. 
Second to Ely for the Brighton Cup. Caller Ou started on no less than 
101 occasions, winning upon 51. 

DIOPHANTUS, a chestnut son of Orlando, — Equation (sister to Euclid) 
by Emilius, was foaled in 1S58. Principal Performances. 1800. Won 
the Ascot Biennial, the Mottisfont Stakes at Stockbridge, and the Mole- 
comb Stakes at Goodwood. 1801. Won the Two Thousand Gruineas, 
beating Kettledrum by three lengths, the field also including Klarikoff, 
Knight of St. Patrick, and Imaus. Having been victorious in a trial, 
Imaus (in the same stable) started a better favourite than Diophantus, 
with wdiom Arthur Edwards made fast running, as this, it was supposed, 
would suit Imaus. At the distance the greater part of the field were in 
hopeless difficulties, and Diophantus, taking a line to liimseK on the whip 
hand, won very easily. Time Imin. 48sec., the quickest so far on record. 
Epsom : Third to Kettledrum and Dundee for the Derby. Newmarket : 
Won the Midsummer Stakes. 

BROWN DUCHESS, a brown dau. of The Flying Dutchman ,—Espoir 
by Liverpool, — Esperance by Lapdog, — Orisette by Merlin (son of 
Castrel), — Coquette by Dick Andrews, — Vanity by Buzzard, was foaled in 
1858. Principal Performances. 1800. Ascot: Won the New Stakes. 
Liverpool : Beaten a head by Dundee. Doncaster : Won the Filly 
Stakes. 1861. Third to Nemesis and Fairw^ater for the One Thousand 
Guineas. Won the Oaks. Ai the distance Fairwater resigned the lead, 
and Brown Duchess and Lady Bipon came on side by side. At the half- 
distance, Fairwater came again, and a fine race ensued, Brown Duchess 
passing the post a neck in front of Lady Ripon who l^eat Fairwater a 
length. Silver Hair (dam of Silvio), Queen of the Vale, Caller Ou, and 
Eastern Princess (dam of Prince Charlie) were also in the field. York : 
Won the Yorkshire Oaks. Doncaster : Won the Park Hill Stakes, and 
ran a dead-heat with Kettledrum for the Doncaster Cup, The Wizard and 
Avalanche also being in the held. Newmarket : Won the Grand Duke 
Michael Stakes. 

NEMESIS, a bay dau. of New^minster, — Varsoviana by Ion, — a dau. of 
Langar, — Sister to Cobweb by Phantom, was foaled in 1858. Nemesis 
ran but indifferently as a two-year-old, but won the One Thousand 
Guineas of 1861, beating Fairwater by a length, with Brown Duchess 
only beaten a head for second place, the field also including Queen of the 
Vale, Bas Bleu (dam of Blue Gown), and Preceptress. 




I'uiiUed by Harry Hall. 



CAEACTACUS. 



CARACTACUS, a bay son of Kingston (by Venison), — Defenceless by 
Defence, — a dan. of Cain, — Eiclotto by Ileveller, — a dan. of Walton, — 
Goosander by Hambletonian, was foaled in 1859, and won the Derby 
of 1(S62, beating The Marquis (winner of the Two Thousand Gruineas 
and St. Leger) by a neck, the held also including Buckstone (third), 
Neptunus, Argonaut, Alvediston, and Exchequer, 5 — 2 The Marquis, 
40 — 1 Caractacus. So little expectation had Mr. Snewing (the owner 
of Caractacus) of winning the Derby, that he did not even go to 
Epsom to see the race ; and the colt was ridden by the stable lad. 
Parsons, the horse and boy being very fond of each other. During the 
race Parsons continually encouraged his mount by stroking him and 
talking to him. 

THE lYIARQUIS, a bay son of Stockwell, — Cinizelli by Touchstone, was 
foaled in 1859. Principal Performances. 1861. Won the Doncaster 
Champagne Stakes, the Prendergast Stakes, and three other races, these 
being the only times of his running this year. 1802. Won the Two 
Thousand Guineas by half-a-length, Caterer (second), and Knowsley 
(third), all sons of Stockwell As The Marquis often showed temper 
at the jDost, Scott thought it advisable for a boy to hold his head until 



FamoNs Horses. 297 

the flag fell. Upon the boy letting go the magnificent bay, he shouted, 
" He's won now ! " such a favourite was tlie animal with all in the stable. 
The Marquis being a lazy horse was sent to the front, and waited there 
until the hill was reached, when he came out, winning easily by half-a- 
length. Second to Caractacus for the Derby. Won the Great St. Leger, 
beating Buckstone by a head. The Marquis was sent to Russia in 1863. 

BUCKSTONE, a bay son of Voltigeur, — Burlesque by Touchstone, was 
foaled in 1659. Buckstone was not in his prime until his four-year-old 
season. Tim Whiffler gave him 71b. in the Doncaster Cup of 1802, and 
galloped him down. When they met at Ascot the following year, a dead- 
lieat was the I'esult. In the decider, Tim seemed to fly over the turf ; 
but, at the Stand, Buckstone collared him and won, beating West 
Australian's time. The pace was terrific. Principal Performances. 
1861. Ascot: Won the Queen's Stand Plate. Second for the New 
Stakes. Stockbridge : Second for the Biennial. 1862. Epsom: Third 
for the Derby to Caractacus and The Marquis. The betting as regards 
The Marquis and Buckstone was very heavy ; but the latter did not like 
the Epsom course. His trainer was sanguine he would turn the tables at 
Doncaster; but The Marcj^uis just beat him by a head. 1863. Ascot: 
Won the Gold Cup, after a dead-heat with Tim WhifHer. 

FEU DE JO IE, a chestnut dau. of Longbow (by Ithuriel), — Jeu 
d'Esprit by Flatcatcher, — Extempore by Emilius, was bred by P. C. 
Naylor, Esq., of Hooton Hall, Cheshire, in 1859. Principal Perform- 
ances. 1862. Won the Oaks in a canter, Imperatrice (second), Hurricane 
(third). York : Won the Yorkshire Oaks. 

HURRICANE, a brown dau. of Wild DayreU, — Midia by Scutari (son of 
Sultan), was foaled in 1859. Principal Performances. 1862. Won the 
One Thousand Guineas, Bertha second, Sappho third, with Imperatrice 
and Cantatrice also in the field. Third for the Oaks to Feu de Joie and 
Imperatrice. Unplaced for the St. Leger won by The Marquis. Beaten 
a head by Imperatrice for the Park Hill Stakes. Beat Feu de Joie by 
four lengths in a match at even weights over the last mile and a half of 
B.C. Old Hurricane lived until 1892. 




I'iniiUil hii llanii Uitll 



MACARONI. 



MACARONI, ;i dark bay son of Sweetmeat, — Jocose by Pantaloon (son 
of Castrel), — Banter by Master Henry, was bred by the Marquis of 
Westminster in 1800. Macaroni stood fifteen hands three inches high, 
was of a most docile disposition, and a splendid stayer. Although 
Carnival could give him 71b. over a mile, at any time during their three - 
year-old career ; at a mile and a half, or any distance beyond, Macaroni 
could give the same weight to Carnival and beat him easily. The only 
time Macaroni ran as a two-year-old he was beaten by Automaton, owing, 
it is said, to his having run to the end of the Beacon Course while at 
exercise in the morning. The best points of Macaroni were his fine 
sloping shoulders and great depth of girth. His neck was very thick and 
muscular, indeed, amounting almost to a deformity. His defects were 
his upright pasterns and length of cannon bone ; but his action was 
exceedingly fine and free. It was a matter of general regret that 
Macaroni and Lord Clifden did not meet in the St. Leger, for w^hich, 
most unfortunately, the former was not entered. Principal Performances. 
1863. Won the Two Thousand Gruineas by a length, the field including 
Saccharometer (second). King of the Vale (third), Eapid Ehone, 
Hospodar (winner of the ClearweU and Criterion), and Blue Mantle 



FamoK-'^ Horses. 299 

(winner of the New Stakes). Won the Derby by a head from Lord 
Clifden, the fiekl also inchiding- Ixapid Rhone (third), The Ranger 
(winner of the Grand Prix de Paris), Saccharometer, Pkie Mantle, King 
of the Vale, Hospodar, and Tom Fool, upon whom Mr. Brayley, his 
owner, stood to win 101), ()()()/. The horse, however, was struck into 
during the race. This was one of the wettest l)erl)ys on record. 
Tambour Major caused such a delay at the start that many of the 
runners were tired before the flag fell. There were plenty of them " in 
it " at the distance ; but Blue Mantle declined to try a yard further, and 
Papid Phone " shutting up " at the Bell, the race was left to Lord 
Clifden and Macaroni, the latter just winning by a head. It was said by 
some that Fordham (on Lord Clifden) lost the race through looking 
round when they reached the Bell. Doncaster : Won the (lold Cup, 
practically on three legs, beating Queen Bertha (winner of the Oaks) l)y a 
length, the held also including Blue Mantle and Papid Phone. Macaroni 
was purchased in 1875 for 7100 guineas, for the Baroness Meyer de 
Rothschild, and located at Mentmore where he reigned supreme. 

QUEEN BERTHA, a bay dau. of Kingston, — Flax by Surplice, — Odessa 
by Sultan, — Sister to Cobweb by Phantom, was bred by Lord Falmouth 
in 1860. Principal Performances. 180.2. Ran indifferently until, at 
Newmarket Houghton, she beat Blue Mantle by eight lengths. 18 03. 
Won the Oaks, beating Marigold (dam of Doncaster) by a head, with 
Vivid third, beaten a head only from Marigold, the held also including 
Isoline (winner of the Manchester and G-oodwood Cups) fourth. Old 
Orange Girl, Lady Augusta (winner of the One Thousand Guineas), and 
Borealis ; the latter being favourite at 5 — 2, with 40 — 1 offered against 
Queen Bertha. Doncaster : Second to Lord Clifden for the St. Leger, 
with Borealis, The Ranger, and Blue Mantle also in the held. Second 
to Macaroni for the Doncaster Cup, the held also including Rapid Rhone 
and Blue Mantle. Queen Bertha was the dam of Lord Falmouth's flying 
Ally, Wheel of Fortune by Adventurer. 

LADY AUGUSTA, a chestnut dau. of Stockwell,— Meeanee by 
Touchstone, was foaled in 1860. Principal Performances. 1862. 
Goodwood (8st. 71b.) : Ran a dead heat with Blue Mantle (9st. 31b.) for 
second place in the Chesterfield Stakes, won by Saccharometer (9st. 31b.) 
by a head. York August: Won the Filly Sapling Stakes. 1863. 
Newmarket : Won the One Thousand Guineas by three lengths, Flying 
Fish second, Cadeau third, Marigold fourth. Unplaced for the Oaks 
won by Queen Bertha. Ascot : Won the Coronation Stakes easily, 
Fantail second. 



./i^''' 




Paint. d hij llavni llall. 



LOKD CLIFDEN. 



LORD CLIFDEN, a bay son of Newminster, — The Slave by 
Melbourne, — V'olley by A^oltaire, — IMartlia Lynn by Mulatto, was 
foaled in LSGO ; and sold to Lord St. Vincent, in 1SG.2, for about 6500/. 
Lord Clifden was a deejD bay with black points ; and stood nearly 
16-| hands, covering a deal of ground. He was by far the biggest and 
hardiest of all the sons of Newminster, while his temper was absolutely 
perfection. Lord Clifden showed more of the character of Melbourne 
than the beautiful quality of Newminster, and was best suited by a flat 
course, on which his enormous stride told to the utmost advantage, while 
his long back and weak loins were unsuited to a hill. Principal 
Performances. LS62. Lord Clifden was very highly tried as a two-year- 
old ; and, at Epsom, won the Woodcote Stakes in a canter. At 
Doncaster, after being practically left at the post, he won the Champagne 
Stakes just as easily ; and also won a Sweepstake in which he presented 
Queen Bertha with 101b. 1803. Beaten a head by Macaroni for the 
Derby, the field also including Eapid Ehone, The Eanger, Saccharometer, 
Blue Mantle, and Hospodar. Lord Clifden had slipped up and injured 
himself previously to the Derby ; and was, consequently, not quite wound 
up. This was not generally known, his place on the training grounds 
having been filled, during his absence, by the Irish horse, Bellman, who 



Famous TTorstc'^. 801 

oTcatU' resembled liim. His condition caused him to falter in the last 
few strides ; and gave the victory to a o-ood horse, but probably hardly 
so good a one as Lord Clifden was when at his best. The preparation 
of Lord Clifden for the St. Leger was a very severe one ; and he went to 
Doncaster without being tried, the confidence of Lord St. Vincent being 
unbounded. The going was good, and the race a most sensational one. 
At the Red House, Lord Clifden, who had been practically left at the 
post, was fully fifty lengths in the rear, and 50 — 1 was vainly oifered 
against him. John Osborne, however, in the most wonderful manner, 
brought him through, winning easily by half-a-length from Queen 
Bertha, Borealis being third, with The Ranger and Blue Mantle also in 
the field. Lord Clifden also won the Doncaster Stakes, giving lOlb. to 
Borealis, who was very little bigger than a pony. The elegant Petrarch 
was the best son of Lord Clifden ; and Winslow, perhaps, was the 
handsomest, but did not stay so well as his sire ; while Hawthornden was 
shorter and with less liberty about him. We must not, however, forget 
Hampton, who proved such a great success both on the Turf and at the 
stud. Lord Clif den's death in 1875 was justly regarded as a national 
loss, as lie was uncpiestionably one of the grandest ornaments of the 
English stud. 

CARNIVAL, a deep rich brown, and particularly docile and generous 
son of Sweetmeat, — Volatile by Buckthorn, — Jocose (the dam of 
Macaroni) by Pantaloon, was bred by the Marquis of Westminster in 
1860. Although so closely related, Macaroni and Carnival were strangely 
dissimilar in every respect. Each promised well, Carnival being con- 
sidered the most speedy ; and, on that account, was the more deeply 
engaged. Tom Chaloner, who rode him in each of his races, always 
spoke of Carnival as a horse of great courage. He had more length 
and racing-like quality than Macaroni, though without the depth of 
girth or substance of the latter. After winning his first three races in 
the easiest possible manner, his leg gave way in the Cambridgeshire of 
1863; and he was sold and shipped to Hungary in 1867; but some 
years afterwards he was brought back again to England. In accordance 
with the general foreign practice, he had, while in Hungary, been kept 
in idleness and without exercise, and his feet had been so neglected as to 
have grown to resemble exaggerated oyster shells ; but this was soon set 
right. In his first season he had eight winners out of fourteen foals. 



SiB^a^^^l^l i W S iW W 




I'liintid I'll J/arrij Hall. 



BLAIB ATHOL. 



BLAIR ATHOL, u Lriglit chestnut son of Stockwell,— Blink Bonny by 
Mell)onrne, was bred by Mr. Wm. I'Anson in 1801. "His first Malton 
trial," says " The Druid," was at even M^eights with Borealis (who was a 
year older), and he beat her by two lengths. Mr. I'Anson then tried him 
to give her 71b. ; but, as he ran out at the turn, Chaloner, on the mare, 
beat him by a head. Owing to an injur}' to the muscles of his thigh, 
about ten weeks before the Derby, he did not go out of a walk for the first 
five weeks after it. In the Grrand Prix he ran big ; and yet, sore as he 
was with the hard ground there, he crossed the Channel to Ascot, and cut 
down Ely on the Friday over the New Mile. Caller Ou and Borealis 
generally led him in his gallops, and a hard time they had of it. Mr. 
lAnson never knew how good he was ; but was wont to say that he never 
had a horse with such true action, as even in distress he never rolled or 
rocked." ..." And now, gentlemen, what shall I say for the best 
horse in the world?" were Mr. Tattersall's w^ords, when the mighty 
blaze-faced chestnut came striding into the ring at Middle Park, casting 
one contemptuous glance around, and then neighing a bold defiance to all 
nations. When the hammer fell with a decisive ' Gone/ a burst of 



Famous Horses. 30.S 

cheering broke from the crowded ring, and Blair Athol was withdrawn from 
its admiring gaze, leaving the sum of 12,500 guineas to be paid for his 
transfer to other hands." Principal Performances. 18(54. Upon his first 
appearance in public, Blair Athol won the Derby by two lengths from 
General Peel (winner of the Two Thousand Guineas), the field also 
including Scottish Chief, Cambuscan, and Ely. Paris : Second to 
Vermont for the Grand Prix. Doncaster : Won the St. Leger by two 
lengths from General Peel, with Cambuscan and Ely also in the field. 
This was Blair Athol's last appearance on the Turf. It is a matter for 
regret that he did not aspire to C\ip honours, either at Ascot, where he 
could again have tried conclusions with Scottish Chief ; or, at Doncaster, 
where he would have met General Peel. Blair Athol was credited with a 
large number of winners ; but their stamina was not equal to their speed. 
He was sire of Silvio (winner of the Derby), Prince Charlie (the " Prince 
of the T.Y.C."), Ecossais (the "Flying Scotchman"), Andred, Glen- 
almond, Ethus, Cecilia, Scottish Queen, ko.. 

GENERAL PEEL, a bay son of Young Melbourne (by Melbourne),— a 
dan. of Orlando, — Brown Bess by Camel, — a dau. of Brutandorf, — Mrs. 
Cruickshanks by Welbeck, — Tramp's dam by Gohanna, was foaled in 
ISfil. Principal Performances. 1S04. Won the Two Thousand Guineas 
by a length, Paris second. Historian third, with Fille de I'Air unplaced. 
Second to Blair Athol for both the Derby and St. Leger. Won the 
Doncaster Cup. 1865. Ascot: Ean a dead heat with Ely for the Gold 
Cup, but was beaten twelve lengths in the decider. 

FILLE DE L'AIR, a chestnut dau. of Eoig-a-Ballagh,— Pauline by 
Volcano (son of Vulcan), — Bathilde by Young Emilius, — Odine by Tigris, 
— Miss Ann by Figaro (son of Haphazard), — a dau. of Tramp, — Harpham 
Lass by Camillus (son of Hambletonian), — Statira by Beningborough, — 
Stella by Phenomenon, — Skypeeper by Highflyer, — Miss West by 
Match'em, was foaled in 18()1. Fille de I'Air won the Woodcote, the 
Molecomb, and the Criterion Stakes in 1863, and the Oaks of 1864, 
Breeze being second, with Tomato (winner of the One Thousand) 
unplaced. 1865. AVon the Claret Stakes, and the Alexandra Plate. 

TOMATO, a bay dau. of King Tom, — Mincemeat (winner of the Oaks 
of 1854) by Sweetmeat, was foaled in 1861, and won the One Thousand 
Guineas of 1864. 




J'aiiitnl hi, I/ami Hull. 



GLADIATEUR. 



GLADIATEUR, a bay son of Monarque (by the Emperor — Poetess), — 
Miss Gladiator by (iladiator, — Taffrail by Sheet Anchor, — The Warwick 
Mare by Merman (son of Whalebone), — a dau. of Ardrossan, — 
Shepherdess by Shuttle, — a dau. of Buzzard, — Ann of the Forest by King 
Fergus, — Miss West by Match'em, was bred by Count Lagrange in 1862. 
Poetess (the dam of Monarque) won the French Derby of 1841. She 
was sold at a provincial fair for four pounds, owing to her extremely 
crooked hind legs. While tethered in a paddock at Chantilly some 
mischievous boys drove her round and round, until, becoming entangled in 
the rope, she fell and broke her neck. Monarque won the French Derby 
of 1855, and the Goodwood Cup. Gladiateur was a rough -looking, 
angular, horse, without any quality ; but, amongst his Derby competitors, 
he stood out like a giant in the midst of pigmies ; and, as " The Druid " 
remarks, " with his flying mane and hairy heels, he towTred above them all 
like a king." After the breaking out of the Franco-Prussian war in 1870, 
the entire stud of Count Lagrange was sold off. Gladiateur was a total 
failure at the stud. Some of his earliest yearlings, owing to the prestige 
of their sire, fetched high prices ; but they soon fell to pieces, and showed 
no sign of recovery. Principal Performances. 1864. Newmarket : Won 



Famous Horses. 305 

the Olearvvell. 1805. Newmarket : Won the Two Thousand Gumeas. 
At the Bushes Hill, a sheet would have covered the lot, Zambezi leading; 
but, on entering the cords, Grladiateur, Archimedes, and Liddington 
joined issue, the four running a magnificent race home, Gladiateur 
winning in the last stride by a neck, the same distance between 
Archimedes and Liddington, Avith Zambezi beaten only a head from 
tlie latter. Epsom : Won the Derby ; Rounding Tattenham Corner, 
Gladiateur came outside all his horses, lengths wide of everything, finally 
winning in a canter, the field including Christmas Carol (second), Eltliam 
(third), Breadalbane, and Archimedes. Paris : Won the Grand Prix in 
a canter. Doncaster : Won the St. Leger by three lengths from Regalia 
(winner of the Oaks), with Archimedes, The Duke, Zambezi, and 
Breadalbane also in the field. Won the Doncaster Stakes, giving 
Breadalbane 101b. 1806. Ascot: Won the Gold Cup by forty lengths, 
beating Regalia and Breadalbane. Also won several races in France, 
including the Gold Cup at Paris, and the Grand Prix de I'Empereur. 

REGALIA, a chestnut dau. of Stockwell, — The Gem by Touchstone, — 
The Biddy by Bran, — Idalia (the dam of Pantaloon) by Peruvian, was 
foaled in 1802. Principal Performances. 1805. Epsom: Won the Oaks 
in a common canter, Wild Agnes (second), Zephyr (dam of Favonius) 
third, the field also including Araucaria (dam of Rayon d'Or), and 
Siberia (winner of the One Thousand Guineas) . Doncaster : Second to 
Gladiateur for the St. Leger. 1800. Ascot : Second to Gladiateur for 
the Cup. 

SIBERIA, a brown dau. of Muscovite (by Hetman Platoff), — Figtree 
by Envoy, — Azora by Voltaire, — Minnikin by Manfred, — Morgiana by 
Coriolanus (son of Sir Peter, — a dau. of Pegasus), — a dau. of Lurcher, — 
a dau. of Phlegon (by Match'em, — a dau. of Crab), was foaled in 1862, 
and won the One Thousand Guineas of 1805 easily, Wliite Duck second. 
La Fortune third, Gardevisure fourth. Siberia also won the Coronation 
Stakes. 




Painted bii Harrt/ Hall. 



LORD LYON. 



LORD LYON, a dark bay son of Stockwell, — Paradigm by Paragone 
(son of Touchstone), — Ellen Home by Pedshank, — Delhi by Pleni- 
potentiary,^ — Pawn Junior by Waxy, was bred by General Pearson in 
1863. Ellen Home, the dam of Paradigm, grand-dam of Lord Lyon, 
Achievement and Bend Or; great grand-dam of Placida, Jannette, Minting, 
Orvieto and Ormonde ; and great great grand-dam of Orme and Ladas, 
was purchased by General Pearson for the bagatelle of 18 guineas, with 
the idea of making her a hack for his wife. As a yearling. Lord Lyon 
was tried to be some two lengths behind Pustic, then in the same stable, 
but who was sold during the winter to the Duke of Beaufort for 5000 
guineas. Custance, in his " Piding Recollections, " says — " As a three- 
year-old Lord Lyon stood 15.3, with good bone, short pasterns, and flat 
feet. He w^as a very nice horse to ride, free enough, though not a puller, 
and a very game colt on his own course, but not quite a stayer." Principal 
Performances. 18G5. Lr August, Lord Lyon, in a trial, beat Gardevisure 
in a canter at 101b. for the year, the latter afterwards winning the 
Cambridgeshire, for which race, it is said, the Ilsley people would have 
preferred to have run the two-year-old at the same w^eight. Doncaster : 
Kan a dead-heat with Redan for the Champagne Stakes, with Strathconan 



FanioKS Horses. ' 307 

and Vespasian also in the field. Newmarket : Won the Troj Stakes and 
the Criterion Stakes. 18(){). Newmarket : Won the Two Thousand 
Gruineas by a length from Monarch of the Glen, with Knight of the 
Crescent and Student also in the field. EpsDm : Won the Derby. So 
strong was Savernake going at the distance, that he seemed to have both 
Lord Lyon and Rustic beaten. Half-way up, however, Custance called 
vigorously on Lord Lyon, wdio caught Savernake at the Stand, and just 
won in the very last .sfrldc, Rustic beaten three lengths, with Vespasian, 
Blue Riband, Strathconan, and Knight of the Crescent also in the field. 
Doncaster : Won the St. Leger. At the distance, Savernake, who had 
been shut in, and had to come round his horses, challenged Lord Lyon, 
the two racing home closely locked together. Lord Lyon winning by the 
shortest of heads. One yard further and Savernake must have won. 
The field also inchided Knight of the Crescent (third) and Strathconan. 
Newmarket : Won the Grand Duke Michael Stakes, and the Select 
Stakes ; and beat Rustic in a match D.T. at even weights for 1000 so vs. 
1807. Won the Ascot Biennial and Stockbridge Cup. Lincoln : 
Queen's Plate : Custance, in his " Riding Recollections," says, — " The 
ground was fearfully heavy ; and, as soon as the flag fell, I sent Rama 
along at a good pace. When we got to the mile post, my mount began 
to sigh, and changed his legs. I thought I had overdone it a bit, so 
steadied him for a few strides to let him catch his wind. I then said to 
him, ' Come on, old man,' and, catching hold of his head, sent him 
alone: as hard as I could to the bottom turn . . . close to the 
distance, up came Lord Lyon to within a neck of me ; but, just as we 
were turning for home, I saw" him change his legs ; he led me, however, 
a good neck thirty yards from the winning post ; but then tired, and 
Rama, getting up in the last two strides, won by a head." Rama was in 
receipt of 111b. Lord Lyon was a fair success at the stud ; Placida 
(winner of the Oaks), and the magnificent Minting being the bright 
pai-ticular stars. 

TORIYIENTOR, a bay dau. of King Tom, — Torment by Alarm,— a dau. 
of Glencoe, — Alea by Whalebone, — Hazardess by Haphazard, — a dau. of 
Orville, — Spinetta by Trumpator, was foaled in 1803, and won the Oaks of 
1800, Mirella second, Ischia third. 

REPULSE, a bay dau. of Stockwell, — Sortie by Melbourne,— Escalade 
by Touchstone, — Ghuznee by Pantaloon, was foaled in 1803, and won the 
One Thousand Guineas of 1800, Bayonette second, Mirella third. 




I'liiiitnl hii JJiirni Hall. 



THE HERMIT. 



THE HERMIT, a chestnut son of Newminster, — Seclusion by Tadnor, 
— Miss Sellon by Cowl (son of Bay Middleton), — Belle Dame by 
Belsbazzar, — Ellen by Starch, — Cuirass by Oiseau, — Castanea by Gohanna, 
was foaled in 1864. Hermit was a difficult and delicate horse to train. 
In his trial with Rama ten days before the Derby, he broke a bloodvessel; 
and in his races, subsecj^uent to this, he seemed afraid to fully extend himself 
lest he should meet with a similar mishap, and would run in a flinching 
kind of way as though apprehensive of something going to happen. Like 
almost all the Newminsters, Hermit did not improve with too much 
training ; and Custance, in his " Riding Recollections," says — " My 
readers will forgive me for saying that I think the breaking of a blood- 
vessel won Hermit his Derby." Principal Performances. 1860. As a 
two-year-old Hermit was victorious over Julius, Lady Hester, Marksman, 
Cellina, Seville, Vauban, A^iridis, &c. ; but went down before the flying 
Achievement in the Woodcote. In the Troy Stakes he was so severely 
punished by Custance, that he ever after trembled when that jockey 
approached him. 1867. Epsom : Owing to his having broken a blood- 
vessel only ten days previously. Hermit started at 1000 to 15 for the 



F((niui/,s I/or-se-s. 309 

Derby, thouo'li in his o-allop on the Tuesday he fairly ran away with the 
boy round Tattenham Corner, bounding over the hard ground with the 
utmost freedom. As to the race itself — Before reaching the distance, the 
finish appeared to be left to Vauban, Marksman, and Van Amburgh, 
the latter going so strong and well that loud shouts proclaimed his 
victory. Within the half-distance, however, the Van had shot his bolt, 
and was displaced by Hermit, who now joined Vauban and Marksman. 
Nearing the Stand, Vauban, was seen to be in difficulties ; but he gamely 
struggled on, w^hile Marksman w^as going quite within himself, and at 
such a strong and steady pace, that now the cry arose — " Marksman wins 
in a canter." Less than 100 yards from home, however, Johnny Daley 
challenged with Hermit, who, stride by stride, gained on his opponent, 
the finish in the last fifty yards being of the most exciting character, and 
terminating in the victory of Hermit by a neck. Julius, The Palmer, 
The Eake (who also had broken a bloodvessel), Uncas, and Distin were 
also in the field. Doncaster : Second to Achievement for both the St. 
Leger and the Doncaster Cup. Hermit will be remembered, not only for 
his sensational racing career, but for the great name he made at the stud. 
Amongst the chief of his stock may be mentioned St. Blaise and Shotover 
(winners of the Derby), Peter, Tristan, Thebais, St. Marguerite, Trappist, 
Lonely, Queen Adelaide, St. Louis, and Friar's Balsam. Before he died, in 
1S90, his progeny had won some 340,000/.; and since then, of course, 
this amount has been ver}^ considerably increased. AVell might Mr. 
Henry Chaplin, his owner, say of him — " Hermit was the best friend 
I ever had." 

JULIUS, a bay son of St. Albans,^Julie by Orlando, — Nun-Appleton 
by Bay Middleton, — Miss Milner by Malek, — a dan. of Whisker, — a 
dau. of Orville, — a dau. of Expectation, — Calabria l)y Spadille, was foaled 
in 1864. Principal l^erformances. 186f). Newmarket: Beaten a neck by 
Vauban for the Troy Stakes, with Lady Hester and Marksman also in the 
field. 1867. Newmarket (8st.) : Won the Cesarewitch in the commonest 
of canters. 1868. Newmarket (8st. 101b.) : Beat Hermit (Sst. 01b) in a 
match for 1000 sovs. Bath (8st. 101b.) : Won the Beaufort Cup, beating 
Achievement (9st. .21b.) by fifteen lengths. Julius was of a very excitable 
temperament, and, with a hood over his eyes, used to go capering along, his 
neighs ringing through the air as though he very much objected to being 
led a captive. 




PainUd by Harry Hall. 



ACHIEVEMENT. 



AC HI EVE lYIE NT, the "flying" dark brown sister to Lord Lyon (by 
Stockwell, — Paradigm), was bred by Colonel Pearson in 18G4. Standing 
over sixteen hands as a two-year-old, and quite of the greyhound type, 
she was really a beautiful filly. Principal Performances. 1866. Achieve- 
ment may be said to have " swept the board " as a two-year-old ; and 
this in a brilliant year of exceptional animals, winning the Grrand Stand 
Plate at Ascot Spring, the Woodcote Stakes at Epsom, the New Stakes 
at Ascot, the July and Chesterfield Stakes at Newmarket, the Lavant 
Stakes at Groodwoocl, the Champagne Stakes at Doncaster, and the Hope- 
ful and Criterion Stakes at Newmarket, beating in these races Fripponier, 
Marksman, Hermit, Vauban, Hippia, Lady Hester, Julius, Knight of the 
C-arter, &c., &c.; and many of them on more than one occasion. Plaudit, 
with 71b. the best of the weights, beat her a head in the Clearwell Stakes, 
after a desperate finish. She was also beaten in a canter by The Pake, for 
the Middle Park Plate ; but he again had a 71b. pull in the weights. 1867. 
Newmarket : Although looking very light indeed, Achievement won the 
One Thousand Guineas in a canter from a moderate field ; but could only 
run a dead-heat with Romping Grirl for second place to Hippia in the 
Oaks. Ascot : Second to Vauban for the Prince of Wales' Stakes ; 



Famous Horses. 311 

Won the Coronation Stakes. York : Looking the picture of health once 
again, Achievement cantered away with the Great Yorkshire Stakes, 
beating Yauban by ten lengths. Doncaster : Won the St. Leger. Before 
reaching the distance, Yauban was beaten, and Achievement hekl a slight 
lead of Hermit, upon whom Custance was seen to be at work. At the 
commencement of the inclosure, Chaloner called upon Col. Pearson's filly, 
who won by a length. Julius, finishing most gamely, was only a head 
from Hermit. AYon the Doncaster Cup. At the bend of the course 
Hermit was leading ; but, when fairly in the straight, he was challenged 
by Achievement. For several strides the pair raced side by side ; but, 
after passing the distance, Kenyon sent Achievement to the front ; and 
she won, almost pulling her rider out of the saddle. Achievement, 
unfortunately, died almost as soon as her Turf career was ended. 

HIPP I A, a bay dau. of King Tom, — Daughter of the Star by Kremlin, 
— Evening Star by Touchstone, — Bertha by Eubens, — Boadicea by 
Alexander, was bred by Baron Meyer de Rothschild in 1864. Principal 
Performances. 1866. Ascot : Won the Queen's Stand Plate, the field 
including The Duke and Marksman. Won the Fernhill Stakes, beating 
Fripponier and YesjDasian. 1867. Epsom: Won the Oaks. Approaching 
the Stand, Achievement was leading a length from Hippia. Passing the 
Stand, Daley called upon the latter, who answered most gamely, and was 
soon level with the favourite. Custance was now obliged to use his whip 
vigorously ; but Achievement, who was completely out of form, was not 
equal to the occasion, and the Baron's filly won easily at last. 

VAUBAN, a brown son of Muscovite, — Palm by Tadmor, — Fig-tree by 
Envoy, was bred by the Duke of Beaufort in 1864. Principal Per- 
formances. 1866. Newmarket: Won the Troy Stakes, beating Julius, 
Lady Hester, and Marksman. 1867. Newmarket : Won the Two Thou- 
sand Guineas easily. Knight of the Garter (second). Marksman (third), 
Julius (fourth), with Uncas, Pericles, Plaudit, and Yan Amburgh unplaced. 
Ascot : Won the Prince of Wales' Stakes, and the Triennial, in which he 
beat the " flying" Achievement, 




Painted bii JJarrii Jln/l. 



BLUE GOWN. 



BLUE GOWN, a hard bay son of Beadsman,— Bas Bleu by 
Stockwell, — Vexation by Touchstone, — Vat by Langer, — Wire by 
Waxy, was bred by Sir Joseph Hawley in 1865. Bas Bleu (the dam of 
Blue Gown) ran very moderately on the Turf ; and, as a rule, threw her 
foals very late in the season. She was a plainish mare ; but with much 
of the Stockwell character about her, although somewhat deficient in 
length. Beadsman proved an excellent corrective in this respect, as 
most of the Weatherbits excelled in length. Blue Gown stood close 
upon fifteen hands three inches high ; and might be described as a 
" little big " horse, taking more after his dam's than his sire's family, 
and wanting only in the blood-like elegance of his half-brother and 
sister — Eosicrucian and Green Sleeves. He was of a most docile dis- 
position. Wlien being led back to the rubbing-house, after winning 
the Derby, one of the stable lads was hanging on to his long tail. Sold 
to go to the United States, his death was occasioned by the rolling 
motion of the vessel while on the voyage to New York in 1880. 
Principal Performances. 1867. Ascot. Won the Fernhill Stakes. New- 
market : Won the Clearwell. Doncaster : Won the Champagne Stakes ; 
but was disqualified for carrying over- weight. 1868. Epsom: Won the 



Famous Horses. 313 

Derby. At the distance, the race was reduced to a match between 
King Alfred and Blue Gown, all the rest being beaten. Two hundred 
yards from home Blue Gown challenged ; and, amidst intense excitement, 
drew up level ; and, gradually forging ahead, won a magnificent race by 
half-a-length, the field also including Specvdum (winner of the City and 
Suburban and Goodwood Cup), Paul Jones (winner of the Chester Cup), 
Green Sleeves (winner of the Middle Park Plate), Rosicrucian (winner 
of the Criterion and Troy Stakes), and See-Saw (winner of the Cambridge- 
shire). It was said that, but for being indifferently ridden. King Alfred 
would have won ; and Wells thought he would l^e only second witli 
Blue Gown, so well was The King going. Sir Joseph Hawley would 
have preferred winning the Derby with llosicrucian, as he had Ijacked 
him rather heavily, and only started Blue Gown because the public had 
extensively supported him. Ascot : Won the Cup easily, beating 
Speculum and King Alfred. Blue Gown w^as, unfortunately, omitted 
from the entries for the St. Leger ; but he won the Pitzwilliam Stakes 
at Doncaster, beating Evelina and Vespasian. Newmarket Houghton 
(9st.) : Beaten a length by See Saw (Sst. 21b.) for the Cambridgeshire, 
the pace throughout being very severe. Won the Free Handicap under 
the top weight, giving .2st. to Mortemer. 1809. Epsom : Won the 
Trial Stakes, the field including Formosa (beaten only a head) and 
Vespasian. Newmarket First Spring (9st.) : Beaten two lengths by 
Vespasian (6yrs., Sst. lOlb.) in a match for 500 sovs. Ascot : Beaten 
half-a-length by Brigantine for the Cup, with Formosa, Thorwaldsen, 
and Trocadero also in the field. Goodwood (9st. ()lb.) : Won the Craven 
Stakes by a head from Vespasian (9st. 91b.). Even betting between the 
two. At the close of the season, Blue Gown was sold to Prince Pless 
for 5000 guineas. 

THE EARL, a bay son of Young Melbourne,— Bay C(plia by 
Orlando, — Hersey by Glaucus, — Hester by Camel, was foaled in 18 05. 
Next to Blue Gown, The Earl was no doubt the best of his year. He 
was scratched for the Derby, after he had been extensively backed by 
the public ; and the same policy was adopted as regards the St. Leger. 
In fact, he did not run again after the Ascot Meeting of 1868. Principal 
Performances. 1867. York August : Won the Gimcrack Stakes. New- 
market: Won the Rutland ''Stakes. 1868. Newmarket: Won the 
Biennial, beating Blue Gown and Suffolk. Paris: Won the Grand 
Prix. Ascot: Won the Ascot Derby, the Biennial, and the St. James' 
Palace Stakes. Broke down in his preparation for the St. Leger. 




Diaiin bii J StU7geSi 



EOSICRUCIAN. 
(Reproduced by permission of the " Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News.") 



ROSICRUCIAN, an exceedingly lumdsome black-brown son of 
Beadsman, — Madame Eglantine (dam of The Palmer) by Cowl, — Diversion 
by Defence, was bred by Sir Joseph Hawley in 1SG5. Eosicrueian may 
be described as belonging to the long and low type of thoronghbred, 
with immense muscular power in his arms and thighs, a sjjecialife of the 
stock of Beadsman. " A spreading tree upon the Berkshire down-land 
ridge was ' Rosi's ' birthplace ; and under the shadow of those branches, 
year by year, the wayward Madame Eglantine came to foal, her fine 
quality and symmetry .being in striking contrast to the coarse and carty 
Morgan-la-Faye, her relative. Terril^le stories were told of her training- 
eccentricities ; and when at the post she fretted to such an extent that 
she was beaten before the Hag fell. John Wells declared that there was 
no horse he was so delighted to show off upon as Eosicrueian, who was a 
beautiful mover in all his paces ; and he is said to have spoken of the pair 
as ' John Wells on Eosicrueian, the handsomest man on the handsomest 
horse in England.' John Porter considered Eosicrueian as good as 
an3rthing he ever trained, as he could beat the fastest of his day over five 
furlongs, the best stayer, Musket, over three miles, giving him 71b., and 



Fan/o/fs Horses. 315 

was a lOllj. better horse than Blue Gown, the winner of the Derby, the 
hitter bein^- also inferior to Ureen Sleeves." Principal Performances. 
1867. Ascot: AVon the Maiden Plate. Newmarket Second October: 
Owinsf to being somewhat interfered with, and stumljling just at the 
finish, Green Sleeves beat him a short head in the Middle Park Plate, the 
tiekl also including Formosa, Lady Coventry, and Lady ' Elizabeth. 
Newmarket Houghton : Won the Criterion Stakes, beating Leonie and 
King Alfred. Won the Troy Stakes. 1868. During the spring both 
llosicrucian and Green Sleeves suffered much from influenza, whilst Blue 
Gown escaped comparatively with immunity ; and the two former, who 
ran for the Two Thousand Guineas, may be said to have been " all to 
pieces" at the time. Eosicrucian and Green Sleeves were also again beaten 
in the Derby by Blue Gown, King Alfred, and Speculum ; and liosicrucian 
did not run again until the Ascot Meeting of 1869, after which he ran 
frequently, finishing in 1871 by spread-eagling his field in the Ascot 
Stakes under 9st. ; and having all his own way in the Alexandra Plate. 
Sir Joseph Hawley's horses were trained in private by Porter at 
Kingsclere. Green Sleeves was a very racing-like filly, with a fine 
fore-hand, and very grand quarters, though she lacked something of the 
exquisite grace of her grand-dam Mendicant. 

FORiVIOSA, a dark chestnut dan. of Buccaneer (by Wild Dayrell), — 
Ella by Chanticleer, — a dan. of Tomboy,— Tesane by Whisker, was 
foaled in 1865. Princijml Performances. 1867. Newmarket July 
(8st. 71b.) : Won the Chesterfield Stakes, beating Leonie (9st.), Suffolk 
(9st. 31b.), Athena (9st. — winner of the Lavant, Hopeful Stakes, &c.). 
Newmarket : Not placed for the Middle Park Plate to Green Sleeves, 
Rosicrucian, and Lady Coventry. 1868. Newmarket: Ran a dead heat 
with Moslem (by Knight of St. Patrick) for the Two Thousand Guineas, 
the field also including St. Eonan, Green Sleeves, Yale Royal, Rosicrucian, 
King Alfred, and Pace. Within the half-distance. Green Sleeves and 
Rosicrucian were nearly level with Formosa ; but, soon after, both gave 
way, when Moslem closed w'\i\\ Formosa, finally making a dead heat of it. 
Won the One Thousand Guineas also. Epsom : Won the Oaks in a 
canter by ten lengths. Doncaster : Won the St. Leger in a canter, the 
field including Paul Jones, Mercury, See Saw, and King Alfred. 




^^^ 
^^^^**^^-- 



■^■'" 



Painted by Harry llu 11. 



PRETENDER. 



PRETENDER, a brown son of Adventurer (by Newminster), — Ferina by 
Venison, — Partiality by Middleton, — Favourite by Blucher, — Scheherazade 
by Selim, — Gipsey (sister to Aimator) by Trunipator, was foak^d in LS66. 
Principal Performances. 186S. Newmarket Second October (41b. extra) : 
Third for the Middle Park Plate to Pero Gomez and Scottish Queen. 1869. 
Newmarket First Spring : Won the Two Thousand Guineas. The pace 
was very severe from start to finish ; and, from the Abingdon Mile bottom, 
Belladrum and Pretender came away by themselves, the hitter being a 
bare half-length in front ; and though Kenyon made a splendid effort 
with Belladrum, the son of Catherine Hayes was unable to lessen the 
advantage held by Pretender. Belladrum was some time afterwards 
shipped for the Cape ; but wdien about to land he jumped overboard, and 
swam away seawards with great freedom. He was, however, captured 
after some difficulty, and safely landed. Epsom Summer : Won the Derby. 
Wells on Pero Gomez had been somewhat interfered wath at Tattenham 
Corner and compelled to come round on the outside ; but, just opposite the 
Stand, he dashed his mount to the front — Pretender having held the lead 
by about half a length ; and, for a moment. Sir Joseph's colt seemed to 
have the best of the race. Pretender, however, answering to Osborne's 



Fatuous Horses. 317 

energetic call upon him, won as o-rand a race as was ever witnessed by a 
short head. Wells always maintained that Pero Gomez was really in front 
when they passed the post ; and many people were of the same opinion. 
Doncaster : Not placed for the 8t. Leger won by Pero Gomez ; and, in 
the Doncaster Stakes, was again defeated by Pero Gomez, who was clearly 
the better horse, and unlucky not to have won the Derby. Pretender 
ran several times in 1870 and 1871, but quite lost his form. 

PERO GOIYIEZ, a dark brown son of Beadsman, — Salamanca by 
Student (son of Chatham), — Bravery by Gameboy, was bred by Sir 
Joseph Hawley in 1S6G. Pero Gomez when in training was not a 
beautiful horse, being rather upright in front, and faulty as regards his 
loins and quarters. He stood about fifteen hands three inches high, had 
well laid shoulders, Avith fine depth and girth ; and, in all his races, proved 
himseK a thoroughly game animal ; and was, moreover, of an amiable and 
good-tempered disposition. Principal Performances. 18()8. Won the 
Middle Park Plate easily by a length from Scottish Queen, Pretender, 
Wild Oats, &c. Ran a dead-heat with Wild Oats for the Criterion Stakes. 
1869. Newmarket Craven: Won the Biennial easily. Epsom: Beaten a 
short head for the Derby. Ascot : Second for the Prince of Wales' 
Stakes. Won the Ascot Derby. Doncaster : Won the St. Leger. Soon 
after rounding the bend Pero Gomez took up the running, and came 
along at a very fast pace. Osborne now called upon Pretender ; but the 
Derby winner was beaten immediately. At the inclosure Pero was 
challenged by Martyrdom, who appeared to be gaining, inch by inch, on 
Sir Joseph's colt ; but, notwithstanding Fordham's resolute riding, and 
an attempt at a fine dash, Martyrdom was unable to get on level terms, 
and was easily defeated at the finish. After running third for the Free 
Handicap at the Newmarket Houghton Meeting, in which he was 
conceding the winner — Cardinal York — 301b., and the second — Border 
Knight — 261b., Pero Gomez retired from the Turf. 

BRIGANTINE, a bay dau. of Buccaneer,— Lady Macdonald by 
Touchstone, — Fair Helen by Pantaloon, was foaled in 1866. Principal 
Performances. 1868. Newmarket First Spring: Won the Two-Year-Old 
Plate, beating Martyrdom, Rhysworth, and others. 1869. Epsom: Won 
the Oaks. Ascot : Won the Gold Cup, beating Blue Gown, Formosa, 
Trocadero, and Thorwaldsen. Wells, it was thought, laid somewhat too 
far out of his ground mtli Blue Gown. Stockbridge : Won the Cujj, 
beating Formosa by twenty lengths. 







/ uiil I I II II mil Hall 



KINGCRAFT. 



KINGCRAFT, a bay son of King Tom, — Woodcraft by Yoltigeur, — 
Wedding Day by Camel, — Margellina (sister to Memnon) by Whisker, 
was bred by Lord Falmouth in 1867. Principal Performances. 1809. 
Newmarket : Won the Chesterfield Stakes. Goodwood : Won the Ham 
Stakes. York : Won the Convivial Stakes. Newmarket : Won the 
Buckenham Stakes and the Triennial. Third (9st. 21b.) for the Middle 
Park Plate to Frivolity (8st. 101b.) and Sunshine (8st. 131b.), heads only 
dividing the three ; with Hawthornden (8st. 91b.) also in the field. Third 
(9st. lib.) for the Criterion to Hester (8st. 81b.), and Sunshine (Sst. 81b.). 
1870. Third for the Two Thousand Gruineas to Macgregor and Normanby. 
Epsom : Won the Derby, 9 to 4 on Macgregor, 20 to 1 agst. Kingcraft. 
On the morning of the Derby Tom French, while walking with Fordham, 
picked up a horse-shoe, and, throwing it over his shoulder, exclaimed, 
" Greorge, I shall beat you to-day ! " It seemed, however, almost a 
certainty that Fordham would now at length have the wdnning mount in 
the Derby, so good a thing did the race look for Macgregor ; but, when 
half the distance had been covered, not only was the colt in the rear, but 
Fordham was riding him hard and without avail. At the distance 
Fordham called upon him again for an effort, but in vain ; and Kingcraft 
rushing to the front, drew away, and won with consummate ease by four 



Fanioi/!^ Horses. 319 

lengths. Doncaster : Second for tlie St. Leger. Kingcraft after this 
entirely lost his form, the severity of the race having probably subdued 
his spirit. 

lYlACGREGOR, a bay son of Macaroni,— Necklace by The Fallow Buck, 
— Bracelet by Touchstone, — Manacle by Emilius, was foaled in 18(57. 
Principal Performances. 1870. Upon his hrst appearance in public 
Macgregor won the Two Thousand Guineas very easily, beating 
Normanby, Kingcraft, ike. An enormous stake was won over this race 
by the stable connections. Epsom : Broke down in the race for the Derby. 
Macgregor was tried at one time able to give 2Tlb. to Sunshine ; and 
through a collateral trial, it was ascertained that he could have given 
nearly tliree stone to (lamos. 

HAWTHORNDEN, a bay son of Lord Clifden,— Bonny Blink by The 
Flying Dutchman, — Prairie Bird by Touchstone, was foaled in 18G7. 
Principal Performances. 1870. Not placed for the Two Thousand 
Gruineas. It was considered useless to start Hawi]hornden for the Derby 
against Macgregor ; but it is very possible he might have beaten King- 
craft, as he afterwards did in the St. Leger. Doncaster : Won the St. 
Leger. As they came into the straight Tom French brought up 
Kingcraft, who w^as going so strong and w^ell that the wildest odds were 
offered on him. At the distance, however. Jemmy Grimshaw rushed 
Hawthorden up to the favourite's girths, and after a brief and ineffectual 
effort to shake off' the challenge, French was seen to raise his whip, amid 
the most deafening screams from the fielders ; and Hawthornden, 
gradually forging ahead, maintained his advantage, and won cleverly, 
despite the resolute riding of French, by half-a-length. Betting .2 to 1 
agst Kingcraft, 28 to 1 agst Hawthornden. 

SUNSHINE, a dau. of Thormanby, — Sunbeam by Chanticleer, was 
foaled in 1n07. Principal Performances. 1SG9. Won the July, Lavant, 
and Doncaster Champagne Stakes, and ran second for the Middle Park 
Plate. 1870. Second to Gamos for the Oaks. Sunshine was amiss ; and 
Hester, from some cause or other, did not show an}i;hing like her proper 
form. 

GAIYIOS, a bay dau. of Saunterer, — Bess Lyon by Longbow, — a dau. 
of Toscar, was foaled in 1867. Principal Performances. After taking 
half-a-dozen races as a two-year-old in 1869, Gamos won the Oaks of 
1870 in a canter. 

HESTER, a bay dau. of Thormanby, — Tomyris by Sesostris (son of 
Whalebone, — Sister to Amazon by Driver), — a dau. of Glaucus, — lo by 
Taurus, was foaled in 1867, and won the One Thousand Guineas of 1870. 




JJrairn by J. .stii.nji'ss. 
FAVONIUS. 

(Reproduced by permission of the '• Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News.") 

FAVONIUS, a chestnut son of Parmesan (by Sweetmeat, — Grruyere by 
Verulam, — Jennala by Touchstone, — Emma by Whisker), — Zephyr 
(sister to Hannah) by King Tom, — Mentmore Lass by Melbourne, was 
bred by Baron Eothschikl in 18GS. Parmesan, though a mere pony, was 
a fair racehorse at all distances. Favonius, having cut up badly in a 
trial, did not run as a two-year-old ; and, upon his first appearance in 
public, he was beaten a head only by Albert Victor for the Newmarket 
Biennial, after a grand finish. At Epsom he won the Derby from King 
of the Forest and Albert Victor, who ran a dead-heat for second place, 
with Digby Grrand close up fourth. King of the Forest had been recently 
amiss, and Albert Victor was considered somewhat overtrained. Favonius, 
on the other hand, was trained to the hour and looked magnificent. 
1872. Goodwood: Won the Gold Cup in a canter, giving Albert Victor 
71b. The stock of Favonius were for the most part dark chestnuts or 
browns, full of activity and go, but without any great amount of bone or 
substance. 

HANNAH, a bay dau. of King Tom, — Mentmore Lass by Melbourne, — 



Fdiiioiix ffor-scs. '.Vl\ 

Emerald by JJei'eiu'c, was l)iv(l by Baron liothschild, oi' Meutniore, in 1S()S, 
and named after one ol" his dangliters. Hannah was a small-l^oned filly, 
somewhat lacking- in substance. Principal Performances. ISOS. New- 
market: Won the July Stakes, the Triennial, and the Clearwell Stakes. 
Third to Albert Victor and Steppe for the Middle Park Plate. Beaten a 
head by Digby Grand (in receipt of 41b.) for the Prendergast Stakes. 
1871. Won the One Thousand Guineas, Steppe second, Noblesse third. 
Won the Oaks in a canter, Noblesse second, Hopbine third. Won the 
St. Leger by a length, Albert Victor second. 

BOTHWELL, a whole brown son of Stockwell, — Katherine Logic by 
The Flying Dutchman, — Phryne by Touchstone, was foaled in ISOS. 
Bothwell, a fair specimen of a Stockwell, was a lengthy, deep-bodied 
horse, standing over fifteen hands three inches high, with immense bone 
and substance and great power. Principal Performances. 1870. Ascot: 
Beaten a neck by Corisande for the New Stakes. York : Won the 
Gimcrack Stakes. Newmarket : Pan a dead heat with Noblesse (in 
receipt of 41b.) for second place in the Criterion Stakes won l^y General 
(51b. extra), with Blenheim, Digby Grand, Corisande, and Eipponclen also 
in the field. 1871. Won the Two Thousand Guineas. On commencing 
the final ascent, odds were offered on Sterling; but he died away to 
nothing, Bothwell passing him half-way up the hill, and winning by a 
length. 

ALBERT VICTOR, a chestnut son of Marsyas,— The Princess of Wales 
(dam also of George Frederick and Louise Victoria) by Stockwell, — The 
Bloomer by Melbourne, was bred by Mr. Cartwright in 1808, The 
Bloomer, proving worthless for the racecourse, had been left to graze for 
some time in a field where there was a pool in which she had bathed to 
her heart's content, and through want of grooming had become very dirty 
and ragged, and had filled her stomach with grass to such an extent as to 
destroy all her original symmetry. At the sale of Tom Oliver's effects 
she failed to elicit a bid ; and Tom, as a favour, was allowed to retain her. 
Mr. Cartwright gave him 15/. for the mare, for which paltry sum, it may 
be truly said, poor Tom Oliver nn wittingly parted with a fortune. The 
Bloomer was dam also of the " beautiful " Ely, and grand-dam also of 
George Frederick and Louise Victoria. Albert Victor made a dead-heat 
with King of the Forest for second place in the Derby of 1871, won by 
Favonius. 




STERLING. 
'(Rejiroduced from a painting in the possession of Y. E. Graham, Epq.) 

STERLING, a bay son of Oxford (by Irish BirdcatcLer), — Whisper by 
Fkitcatcher, — Silence by Melbourne, — Secret, was foaled in 18G8. Prin- 
cipal Performances. 1871. Beaten by Both well for the Two Thousand 
(xuineas. King of the Forest also going down. Bothwell never did any- 
thing afterwards, but went from bad to worse ; and it is very remarkable 
how he ever managed to get in front of two such horses as Sterling and 
King of the Forest. Brighton : Beaten a neck by Vulcan, who was 
g-ivino- 181b. "Knowinof what beautiful shoulders Vulcan had, Fordham, 
when they reached the top of the hill, dashed him down it at an alarming 
pace, getting many lengths away from his opponent ; and, sending 
his mount along to the bitter end, he just reached the winning post a 
neck in front of Sterling." (From " Pacing Reminiscences," by Sir 
George Chetwynd, Bart.) Newmarket Houghton : Ran a dead heat with 
Allbrook for second place in the Cambridgeshire. Custance, in his 
" Riding Recollections," says — " It rained in torrents and was dreadfully 
cold. I had been wasting for other races, and we were about three- 
quarters of an hour at the post. There were thirty-seven runners ; and 



Fa})io((-s Horses. 3:28 

Sterling', who had beluived himself pretty well for the first ten minutes, 
beeame almost unmanageable afterwards. He reared, kicked, and did 
everything he should not have done, as his temper was upset. At last 
the Hag fell to a straggling start, and before we had gone two hundred 
yards I was in the lirst three, with Ost. 71b. on. When we had gone a 
quarter of a mile I was second, with my reins like soft soap. 
My hands were numbed, and the sweat from the horse's neck made the 
reins quite past holding." Allbrook, at the Red Post, was leading his 
field by four lengths, when he began to falter, and cries of " Sterling 
wins ! " filled the air, immediately followed by a shout of triumph from 
the ring ; as Fordham, riding Sabinus with desperate determination, got 
up and won a most exciting race by a short head from Sterling and 
Allbrook, whom the judge could not separate. Won the Liverpool Cup. 
Custance, who rode Sterling, says — " When we came round the last turn, 
nearly half a mile from home, I began to draw away from the ruck, 
and by the time we got to the distance towards the front lot, I saw King 
Lud and Louise Victoria racing together. ... I still suffered and 
waited, letting the other two run themselves out, and was at last 
rewarded, partly by their coming back to me, and j)artly by the 
extraordinary struggle made by Sterling. When I called on the gallant 
animal for the final effort, he got up and won by a short head, the same 
distance dividing second and third. . . . Nothing could have excelled 
Sterling's brilliant gameness and determination." Custance considers that 
the best horse he ever rode was either Sterling or Thormanby. Isonomy 
was Sterling's best son ; and Paradox, Harvester, Enterprise, Enthusiast, 
Greology, Gold, and Superba also own him as sire. When Sterling was 
at the Yardley Stud, 10,000/. was twice refused for him in one week ; and 
to a telegram from Australia, inquiring his price — Miss (Iraham replied, 
" All the gold in Australia would not buy him." 

KING OF THE FOREST, a rich bay son of Scottish Chief, ^Lioness 
by Fandango, — Manoeuvre by Hector, — a dau. of Muley, — Sister to 
Perchance, was bred by Mr. Merry in 186S. Principal Performances. 
1870. Won six races ; beating, amongst others, Eosicrucian, Hawthornden, 
Perfume, Camembert, and Pipponden. 1871. King of the Forest went 
amiss prior to the Two Thousand ; and had to be content with third place 
to Bothwell and Sterling. Epsom : Ran a dead-heat with Albert Victor 
for second place to Favonius. Ascot : Won the Prince of Wales' Stakes, 
with Hannah and Sterling amongst the beaten ones. Goodwood : Won 
the Drawing-Eoom Stakes, and the Bentinck Memorial Stakes. 187.2. 
Goodwood : Won tlie Bentinck Memorial. 

V '1 




CREMORNE (MAIDMENT Up). 
(Reproduced by permission of Mr. H. E. Slierborn. Newmarket.) 

CREIYIORNE, a ricli bay son of Parmesan, — Rigolboche by Eataplan, — 
Skinnislier's clam, was bred by his owner, Mr. Henry Saville, in 1S69. 
Standing about fifteen hands three inches high, no gamer animal 
or more reliable runner than Cremorne ever strode over Newmarket 
Heath, and he was a very vigorous, though easy, mover in all his paces. 
Principal Performances. 1871. Won the Newmarket Two- Year-Old 
Plate, the Woodcote Stakes, a Biennial and Triennial at Ascot, the 
Hurstbourne and Chesterfield Stakes, and the York Biennial. He won 
again at Doncaster ; Ijut in the Criterion he could only get third to those 
speedy animals. Prince Charlie and Nuneham. 1872. Beaten a neck by 
Prince Charlie in the Two Thousand Guineas, with Queen's Messenger 
third. Won the Derby easily by a neck from Pell Mell, (whom 
Maidment, the rider of Cremorne, did not see until they were close on the 
post). Queen's Messenger, Prince Charlie, (who was running out of his 
distance), Wenlock, &c., being also in the held. Won the Grrand 
Prix de Paris, and beat that splendid stayer, King Lud, upon two 



Famous Horses. 325 

occasions. 1873. With Ost. .21b. in the saddle, Cremorne was beaten for 
the City and Suburl)an, althoui^'h many blamed Maidment for not comim^- 
sooner with him. Won the Ascot Cup by eight lengths from Flageolet, 
with Thorn, Hannah, and Corisande also in the field ; and beat Vander- 
decken fifteen lengths for the Alexandra Plate. 

PRINCE CHARLIE, a chestnut son of l^lair Athol,— Eastern Princess 
by Surplice, — Tomyris by Sesostris, was foaled in l.S()9. Prince Charlie 
stood close upon seventeen hands, and his magnificent conformation 
and noble carriage were the subject of universal admiration. Had it not 
been for his roaring, he must have made a much greater name for 
himself. " Sent to the United States, he became the sire of many 
famous horses, notably of Salvator, who, in September, 1890, galloped a 
mile (with a flying start, however) in Imin. 35^sec., the best time ever 
made." (From " Pacing Eeminiscences," by Sir Greorge Chetwynd, 
Bart.) In addition to the " Hying start," Salvator had three or four 
companions who jumped in at various points of the course and 
took him along at top speed. Principal Performances. 1871. Prhice 
Charlie's first appearance in public was in the Middle Park Plate, 
which he w^on by a head from Laburnum, with Nuneham and Wenlock 
also in the field. Won the Criterion, beating Nuneham, Cremorne, 
Drummond, &c. 1872. AVon the Two Thousand (luineas by a neck, 
Cremorne second, Queen's Messenger third, with King Lud and 
Wenlock also in the field. Unplaced for the Derby, his malady 
effectually stopping him from negotiating the mile and a half 
successfully. Ascot : Won the Fernhill and All-Aged Stakes. Second 
to Wenlock for the St. Leger. 1873. A¥on all the ten races for which 
he started. 1874. (lave 161b. to Tangible and beat him. Peat 
Blenheim twice at even weights. Beaten two lengths by Blenheim 
when attempting to give him 71b. Great consternation was caused 
by this defeat of the " Prince of the T.Y.C.," upon whom as much as 5 — 1 
was laid. " The Prince," in addition to being somewduit on the " big- 
side," was not suited by the hard condition of the course ; and there was 
not an effort left in him at the finish. Looking calmly at the result, 
however, it does not seem anything extraordinary judging by the previous 
form at even weights. Stockbridge : Beat Blenheim two lengths at even 
weiofhts. Newmarket: Beat Peut-Etre in a match for 500/. over the 
Ivowley Mile. 

WENLOCK, a bay son of Lord Clifden, — Mineral by Eataplan, — 
Manganese by Birdcatcher, was foaled in 1 S()0 ; and won the St. Leger 
of 1872. He Avas sent abroad in 1891. 




Ihiiitn hfi J. >?«;■(/. «.s-. 



DONCASTEK. 
(Eeproilueed by permission of the " Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News.") 

DONCASTER, a rich golden eliestniit son of Stockwell, — Marigold by 
Teddington, — Sister to Singapore by Eatan, — a dau. of Melbourne, — 
Lisbetli by Phantom, — Elizabeth by Eainbow, — Belvoirina by Stamford, 
was bred at Sledmere by Sir Tatton Sykes in 1870; and sold when a 
yearling to Mr. James Merry for 950/., the general o})inion being that 
the colt would not stand training. A severe kick on the stiHe 
prevented Doncaster putting in an appearance in public as a two-year-old, 
which, perhaps, w^as all in his favour, as his fine frame had thus further 
time in wdiicli to mature. Eatan, a chestnut standing over sixteen hiuids, 
with immense substance, fine symmetry, and remarkably light action, was 
by Buzzard (son of Blacklock), — a dau. of Picton (by Smolensko, — a 
dau. of Dick Andrews), — a dau. of Selim, — a dau. of Pipator, — Queen 
Mab by Eclipse. Doncaster stood about 15.8, and looked bigger than 
he really was, owing to his very fine substance and bold carriage. He 
seemed to dislike Tommy Osborne's riding, whose slightly "soaring" style 
was hardly so well adapted for a nervous horse as the quieter generalship 
of Webb, in whose hands Doncaster always ran straight and finished 



Fa//m/f-s Hones. 327 

g-aniely. iVincipal lVri\)riuaiic'es. 1878. Newmarlvet : Unplaced for 
tlie Two Tliousand (Juiiieas. Epsom : Won tlie Derby easily by a 
leno-th and a half, (lano- Forward and Kaiser runnino- a dead-heat for 
second place. Paris : Third to Eoiard and Flageolet for the Grand Prix. 
Doncaster: Beaten a head by Marie Stuart for the St. Leger. liS74. 
Ascot : Pan a dead-heat with Flageolet for the Gold Cup, Eoiard 
winning by three-quarters of a length, with Gang Forward, Marie 
Stuart, and Kaiser also in the field. It was thought that Webb 
on Doncaster lay too far out of his ground. G ooclwood : Won the 
Gold Cup, beating Kaiser by a neck. 1875. Ascot : Won the 
Gold Cup by six lengths, Aventuriere second. Won the Alexandra 
Plate (three miles). Doncaster now retired from the Turf, and was 
piu-chased from Mr. Merry by Mr. Robert Peck for 10,000/., and resold 
by him shortly afterwards to the Duke of Westminster for 14,000/. 
Large as this price seems, it cannot be said to have been a dear bargain, 
seeing that from Doncaster have descended three such animals as Bend Or, 
Ormonde, and Orme. 

IVIARIE STUART, a chestnut dau. of Scottish Chief,— Morgan-la-Faye by 
Cowl, — Miami by Venison, was foaled in 1870. Principal Performances. 
1872. Ascot: Won the New Stakes and the Biennial. Stockbridge : 
Won the Mottisfont Stakes. 1873. Epsom: Won the Oaks in a canter. 
Ascot : Won the Coronation Stakes. York : Won the Yorkshire Oaks. 
Doncaster : Won the St. Leger by a short head, Doncaster second, Kaiser 
third. Won the Park Hill Stakes. Won the Newmarket Oaks. 1875. 
Ascot : Won the Gold Vase, beating Carnelion, Kaiser, and Peut-Etre. 
Brighton : Won the Cup, Louise Victoria second. Kaiser third. Doncaster : 
Ran a dead-heat with Louise Victoria for second place to Fraulein for 
the Gold Cup, with Apology unplaced. Her last race. 

GANG FORWARD, a chestnut son of Stock well, —Lady Mary l)y 
Orlando, — Splitvote by St. Luke, was" foaled in 1870. Principal 
Performances. 1873. Newanarket : Won the Two Thousand Guineas, 
beating Kaiser by a head, with Boiard, Flageolet, and Doncaster also 
in the field. Epsom : Ran a dead heat with Kaiser for second place in 
the Derby won by Doncaster. Ascot : Beaten a head by Kaiser for the 
Prince of Wales' Stakes. Won the Ascot Derby and the St. James' 
Palace Stakes. 1874. Newmarket: Won the Jockey Club Cup. 

CECILIA, a bay dau. of Blair Athol, — Siberia by Muscovite, was 
foaled in 1870, and won the One Thousand Guineas of 1873 cleverly, 
Angela second, Windermere third, but was unplaced for the Oaks won by 
Marie Stuart. 




GEORGE FKEDERICK. 

(Repiuduced liy permission of Mr. 11. R. Sherborn, Newmarket.) 

GEORGE FREDERICK, a sint^ularly rich red chestnut son of Marsyas,— 
Princess of Wales by Stockwell, — The Bloomer by Melbourne, — Lady 
Sarah by Velocipede, — Lady Moore Carew by Tramp, was foaled m 1871. 
Mr. Cartwright (the owner of (leorge Frederick) owed his success on the 
Turf to his mare. The Bloomer, (dam of the Princess of Wales, Fairwater, 
Penarth, and " the beautiful " Ely ; and grand-dam of George Frederick, 
Albert A^ictor, and Louise Victoria). Fairwater (by Loup Clarou) was 
her first foal, to train whom Tom Oliver was specially settled at 
Wroughton. Principal Performances of George Frederick. 1873. York: 
Won the Municipal Stakes, beating Apology. Newmarket : Won the 
Boscawen Stakes, and the Triennial Produce Stakes. LS74. Won the 
Newmarket Stakes. Epsom : Won the Derby, Couronne de Fer second, 
Atlantic third. " Crossing the road, Custance, bringing George Frederick 
out wide on the right, took the scarlet and black cap to the front, 
Couronne de Fer being next. Upon reaching Tattersall's inclosure, 
George Frederick came clear aw^ay, winning in a canter by two lengths." 



Famous Horses. 329 

Greorsre Frederick was witlidrawii from the St. Lee-er on the eve of tlie race, 
and did not run again in IS/ I. Jn IS 75 he was l)eaten by Miss Toto for 
tlie Chiret Stakes. 

APOLOGY, a chestnut dan. of Adventurer, — Mandragora (dam also of 
Holy Friar by Hermit) by Rataplan, — Manganese by Irish Birdcatclier, 
was bred in IS 71 by the l\ev. Mr. Launde, whose colours — blue, red 
sleeves and cap — were lirst registered in 180:3. Apology is an instance 
of what may be achieved m a small but select stud by a judicious system 
of mating. Standing only fifteen hands two and a half inches in height, 
her girth was four feet live inches ; but, beyond her great substance, there 
was nothing very extraordinary in the appearance of Apology, as she 
was plainish about the head, while her action in her slow paces was not 
striking ; and her colour, though a hard shade of chestnut, was not so 
pleasing to the eye as the richer hues. Many of the Adventurers 
were plain coloured and indifferent walkers ; in fact, Pretender, in 
this latter respect, conveyed the idea that no true galloping action 
could exist with such awkwardness in his slow paces. Principal 
Performances. 1873. Newmarket : Won the Home-bred Sweepstakes. 
1874. Newmarket, Won the One Thousand (ruineas. Epsom : Won 
the Oaks, Miss Toto second. Lady Patricia third. Ascot : Won the 
Coronation Stakes. York : Beaten a head by Trent for the (xreat 
Yorkshire Stakes. Doncaster : Won the St. Leger, Leolinus second, 
Trent third. " Trent was beaten at the distance, and whip and spur had 
to be applied to Leolinus to keep him within reach of Apology, upon 
whom John Osborne sat perfectly still until opposite the enclosure, when, 
shaking her up a bit, he went on and vv^on by a length and a half. All 
Yorkshire went mad with delight, and it was with great difficulty that 
the mare and ' Mr.' John ever got safely back to scale." 

ATLANTIC, a chestnut son of Thormanby, — Hurricane by Wild 
Dayrell, was bred by Lord Falmouth in 1871. Atlantic was rather a 
light-framed horse with good shoulders ; but his back was long and weak, 
and he stood somewhat straight on his pasterns. Principal Performances. 

1873. Groodwood : Won the Ham Stakes, beating liegal and Apology. 

1874. Newmarket : Won the Two Thousand Guineas, Reverberation 
second, Ecossais third. Atlantic unfortunately met with an accident 
while on his way by train to Epsom ; and was, therefore, not at his best 
when beaten in the Derby by (xeorge Frederick and Couronne de Fer. 
Ascot (9st. lib.) : Second to Leolinus (8st. 31b.), for the Prince of Wales' 
Stakes. Won the Ascot Derby. Doncaster : Unplaced for the St. Leger 
won by Apology. His last race. 




GALOPIN. 
(Reprcidueed by iierniissioii of Mr. H. E. Sherborn, Newmarke'.) 

GALOPIN, a bay son of Vedette,— Flying Duchess by The Flying 
Dutchman, — Merope by Voltaire, — Velocipede's dam by Juniper, was 
foaled in 1(S72. Greorge Dawson, the trainer of both Petrarch and 
Galopin, considered the latter one of the very best animals that ever 
trod tlie turf, asserting that they never could hnd out lioic good he was. 
Principal Performances. 1874. Ascot: Won the Fernhill Stakes, and 
the New Stakes. Newmarket (Sst. 181b.) : Third to Plebeian (Sst. Olb.) 
and Per See (Sst. 31b.) for the Middle Park Plate, heads only dividing 
the three, with Holy Friar (Sst. Olb.) close up, and Chaplet and Balfe 
also in the field. Gralopin lost this race through his jockey being tied 
down by intricate instructions. 1S75. Epsom : Won the Derby by 
a length, Claremont second, with Balfe and Camballo (who was amiss) 
unplaced. Ascot : Won the Fernhill Stakes. Galopin was not entered 
for the St. Leger. Newmarket (Sst. .^Ib.) : Beat the speedy Lowlander 
(5yrs., Ost.) in a match for 1000 guineas over the Rowley mile. 
" Galopin, on whom Morris had orders to make the running, came 



Famous Horses. 331 

tliroiigli at a terrific pace ; and, either Fordliam could not hold 
Lowlander, or he dared not let the Derby winner get too far ahead, 
for he was within about a length of him all the way ; and, in the 
Abingdon mile bottom, both horses rolled slightly from the high 
jH'essure they had kept up so far. They were unable to sustain the 
effort any longer, and slowly as Gralopin finished up the hill, it was very 
evident that Lowlander was even more tired. Fordham was now seen to 
take up his whip in his left hand, and a lusty shout went up for the 
Derby winner, who passed the post a length in front of his opponent 
with very little to spare." (From Sir Greorge Chetwynd's " Racing 
Reminiscences.") Won the Newmarket Derby by four lengths, Craig 
Millar second, Balfe (in receipt of 71b.) third. Galopin's last race. 
When Prince Batthyany was asked to name the price of Galopin as 
a stallion, the answer promptly came, " Ten thousand guineas, with 
the condition that he never leaves England's shores." At the stud 
he was successful with quite a variety of maresV^inongst his stock being 
St. Simon from a King Tom mare, Donovan from a Scottish Chief mare, 
GraUiard from a Macaroni mare, Corrie Roy from a Stockwell mare, 
Flyaway from a Hampton mare, Oberon from an Adventurer mare, 
Fulmen from a Thunderbolt mare, Basildon from a Hermit mare. 
Harbinger from a Springfield mare, Buckingham from a Sterling 
mare, and Gro Lightly from a Rosicrucian mare. 

HAIYIPTON, a somewhat small, but very truly made and blood-like 
bay son of Lord Clifclen, — Lady Langden (dam also of Sir Bevys) 
by Kettledrum, — Haricot by Mango or Lanercost, was foaled in LST.^. 
A mere plater in the early part of his career, Hampton improved to such 
an extent as to develop into the best stayer of his day. Principal 
Performances. 1875. Epsom : Won the Grreat Metropolitan. Croydon: 
Ran second to Chanclos for the Grand International Hurdle Race. 
A gentleman, who had ridden Hampton over fences, declared that the 
horse would have won the Liverpool (Irand National Steeplechase had 
his attention been turned in that direction. 1876. Won the Groodwood 
Stakes. 1877. Won the Northumberland Plate, and the Groodwood 
and Doncaster Cups. 1878. Epsom: Won the Glold GHip very easily, 
beating Verneuil, who, shortly afterwards, won both the Grold Cup and 
Alexandra Plate at Ascot. Three winners of the Derby — Merry Hampton 
(1887), Ap'shire (1888), and Ladas (1894) — own Hampton as sire ; and to 
these might be added Highland Chief, who was only just beaten in 1883. 
His other principal winners include Reve d'Or, Sheen, and Prince 
Hampton. 




: Reproduced by peniiissiuii of lliu ■'Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News.' 



CAIYIBALLO, a l>ay son of Cainbuscan (by Newminster), — " the Hying' " 
Little Lady by Orlando, — Sister to Voltig-eur, was foaled in 1872, and 
purchased, a;> a yearling, by Mr. Vyner for 1000 guineas. In general 
appearance Caniballo had a greater resemblance to Lord of the Isles than 
to Newminster. Standing a good fifteen hands three inches high, his 
colour was a beautiful sherry bay, almost resembling a chestnut at a 
distance ; and a finer topped horse it would be difficult to meet with. 
His action was almost perfect, and especially so when fully extended. 
The above is an admirable likeness of Candjallo. Mr. Sturgess holds 
a high reputation for close and truthful resemblance in the portraiture 
of horses. Principal Performances. LS74. Ascot : Won the Biennial. 
Stockbridge : Won the Hurstbourne Stakes, Claremont second. New- 
market : Won the July Stakes, Craig Millar second, Balfe unplaced. 
Loncaster : Won the Champagne Stakes. Camballo was very highly 
tried as a two-year-old, and Avas an extraordinarily good horse when really 
well. He was tried with Thunder at a mile, receiving lOlb., and won 
very easily. A few^ days later they were again tried at 1.21b., the old 



Fa))io/fs TJorscs. 333 

horse being cleverly beaten by a neck ; so that Canibalk) as a two-year-old 
may be said to have been the eqnal ol" Thunder, 4yrs., at not more than 
loll). 1875. Newmarket: Won the Two Thousand Gruineas in a canter. 
Picnic second, Breechloader third, Craig Millar, Claremont, and 
Balfe nnphiced. This was said to have been the fastest Two Thousand 
since the time of Diophantus. Pic-nic had broken his leg the 
year before, and was put into slings for about six weeks. He would 
not allow any person near him with the exception of the attendant 
who brought him food, and the accumulation of dust and dirt was an inch 
thick on his l3ack. He rapidly lost his form after running second for the 
Two Thousand. In the interval between the Two Thousand (luineas 
and the Derby Camballo Avent amiss ; and at Epsom was unplaced behind 
Galopin. Ascot : Beaten a length by Balfe for the Biennial, this race 
terminating his Turf career. 

CRAIG IVIILLAR, a rather small chestnut son of Blair Athol,— Miss 
Poland by Fitz-Poland, — Miss Bouzer by Hesperus, was foaled in 187:2. 
Principal Performances. 1874. (rood wood : Won the Molecomb Stakes. 
Newmarket : AYon the Buckenham Stakes and the Home-bred Foal 
Stakes. 1875. Newmarket: Unplaced for the Two Thousand Guineas 
won by Camballo. Doncaster : Won the St. Leger by three lengths, 
Balfe second. 1870. Ascot: Beaten easily Ijy Apology for the (lold 
Cup. Doncaster: Won the drold Cup. 

SPIN AW AY, a l)ay dan. of Macaroni, — Queen Bertha (winner of the 
Oaks of 1863) by Kingston, was foaled in 1872. Principal Performances. 
1875. Newmarket: Won the One Thousand (luineas. Per Se second, 
Chaplet third. Epsom : Won the Oaks, Ladylove second. Goodwood : 
Won the Nassau Stakes. Won the Yorkshire Oaks and the York 
Cup, beating Thunder and Lily Agnes. Won the Doncaster Stakes. 
Newmarket : Beat Earl of Dartrey, and won the Royal Stakes and the 
Newmarket Oaks. 

BALFE, a brown son of Plaudit (by Thormanby), — Bohemia by 
Weatherbit, — Cossack Maid by Hetman Platoff, — Sister to Fox by 
Wliisker, — a dau. of St. George, — a dau. of Pontac, — a dau. of 
Syphon, — Miss Wilkinson by Pegulus, — Miss Lay ton by Partner, was 
foaled in 187.2. Principal Performances. 1874. Newmarket: Won the 
Chesterfield Stakes, the Hopeful Stakes, the Burwell Stakes, and the 
Post Sweepstakes. 1875. Ascot: Won the Biennial, beating Camballo. 
Won the New Biennial, beating Ladylove. Doncaster : Second to Craig 
Millar for the St. Leger. Newmarket : Won the Grand Duke Michael 
Stakes. 1876. Newmarket: Won the Claret Stakes. 







Ih-iuni hii J. Stiirr/ess. 



KISBER. PETRARCH. 

(Reproduced by permission of the "Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News.") 



PETRARCH, an exceedingly liandsome and blood-like son of Lord 
Clit'den, — Jjanra l)y Orlando, — Torment by Alarm, was foaled in 1873. 
Torment, the grand-dam of Petrarch, realised no more than nineteen 
sovereigns at the disposal of Mr. (Irev ille's stud ; and afterwards produced 
Tormentor (winner of the Oaks), Laura (the dam of Petrarch, Fraulein, 
&c.), and Inquisition. Laura was claimed as a three-year-old by Sir John 
Astley at Goodwood for less than 400/. Shortly afterwards she broke a 
blood-vessel while at exercise ; and the same thino- occurrino- once ag-ain, 
when she ran at Newmarket, Sir John Astley sold her to Mr. Grordon, of 
Midhurst, for 25/., for whom she proved a treasure indeed; as, in addition 
to the magnificent Petrarch, she bred him Proto-Martyr, Praulein, 
Ijammas, llotherhill, and others, most of whom had some form about 
them. Inquisition was the dam of Rosy Cross, The Martyr, and The 
Imp. Principal Performances. 1875. Petrarch only appeared in public 
once as a two-year-old, vvlien he won the Middle Park Plate by four 
lengths from the large field of thirty runners, including Madeira, Kisber, 



Kaleidoscope, Lollypop, (Maiu-oiiald, and Wisdom. i87(). Newmarket: 
Won tlie Two Thousand (Jiiineas in a canter, Julius Cjjcsar second, 
Kaleidoscoj^e third. Epsom : Fourth for the Derby won by Kisber. 
Ascot (9st. lib.) : Won the Prince of Wales' Stakes easily, Great Tom 
(Sst. 81b.) second, Julius Caesar (8st. lOlb.) third. This race probably 
upset Petrarch for the time, he being of rather a delicate constitution ; as 
his two subsequent efforts at this meeting were ignominious failures, far 
surpassing the usual Ascot fiascos. Doncaster : Won the St. Leger, but 
by a head only, after a desperate race with the despised Wild Tommy, 
Julius Csesar a bad third, and Kisber unplaced. 1877. Ascot : Won the 
Grold Cup by a length from Skylark, Coomassie third. 

KISBER, a bay son of Buccaneer, — Mineral by Pataplan, was bred at 
the Kisber Stud in Hungary in 1873. It was the opinion of Sir 
George Chetwynd — no mean judge — that there was never a better 
horse than Kisber when fit and well. He was, however, subject to 
rheumatism, a sudden attack of which is supposed to have affected his 
running at times. Principal Performances. 1875. Newmarket: Won 
the Dewlmrst Plate, Springfield second. 1870. Epsom: Having received 
a special preparation, and brought to the post in faultless condition, 
Kisber won the Derby m a canter, Forerunner second, Julius Ca\sar third, 
Petrarch fourth. Paris : Won the Grand Prix easily. Doncaster : 
Unplaced for the St. Leger won by Petrarch. 

C AMELIA, a chestnut dau. of Macaroni (by Sweetmeat), — Araucaria by 
Ambrose, — Pocahontas by Glencoe, — Marpessa, was foaled in 1873. 
Principal Performances. 1870. Newmarket : Won the One Thousand 
Guineas, Allumette second, La Seine third. Epsom : Pan a dead-heat 
with Enguerrande for the Oaks, Merry Duchess third. 

SPRINGFIELD, a bay son of St. Albans,— Viridi:^ by Marsyas,— Maid 
of Pahmra by Pyrrhus the First, — Palmyra by Sultan, was foaled in 
1873. Springfield was a blood-like and powerful horse, fully sixteen 
hands, and very handsome. Principal Performances. 1875. York : Won 
the Prince of Wales' Stakes and the Gimcrack Stakes. 1870. Springfield 
was, unfortunately, not entered for the classic races, and, further, had 
no opportunity of meeting the winners of these races at any time during 
the year. Ascot : Won the Fernhill Stakes. Stockbridge : Won the 
Cup, beating Lowlander easily. 1877. Ascot: Won the Queen's Stand 
Plate by four lengths, Ecossais second. Won the New Biennial, Pob 
Eoy second. Newmarket : Won the July Cup, beating Jjollypop, 
Ecossais, and Trappist. Won the Champion Stakes, Silvio (winner of 
the Derby) second. 




SILVIO, 
(rieproduceil from a pictui'c in the possession of M. Dawson, Esq.) 

SILVIO, a bay son of Jilair Atliol, — Silverliair by Kingston, — 
England's Beauty by Birclcatcber, — Prairie Bird by Touchstone, was 
foaled in 1874. Principal Performances. IS 70. Goodwood: Won the 
Ham Stakes. Newmarket : Beaten half-a-length by Verneuil for the 
Buckenham Stakes. Won the Clearwell Stakes. 1877. Newmarket: 
Unplaced for the Biennial, which was run for through a blinding storm, 
which came right in the face of the horses, and rendered the result 
altogether unreliable. Third for the Two Thousand Guineas to Chamant. 
Epsom : Won the Derby cleverly from the outsider. Glen Arthur, with 
the favourite — Rob Roy — beaten three-quarters of a length for second 
place. Doncaster : Won the St. Leger, his stable companion, Lady 
Golightly, being second. 1878. Ascot : Third to Verneuil and Hampton 
for the Gold Cup. 1879. Ascot : Failed to give 71b. to Isonomy for the 
Gold Vase. Beaten a short head by Chippendale (in receipt of 18lb.) for 
the Hardwicke Stakes. 

CHAIYIANT, a magnificent bay son of Mortemer (by Compiegne), — 
Araucaria by Ambrose, — Pocahontas by Glencoe, was foaled in 1874. 



Fanto//s' Ifor.ses. 337 

Principal Performances. 1870. Newmarket (Sst. 131b.) : Won the Middle 
Park Plate, beating Pellegrino (8st. 71b.) by a bead, wlio in turn beat 
Plunger (Sst. 91b.)\y a bead. Lady Goliglitly (8st. 131b.), a neck bebind, 
being fourtli. AYon tbe Dewlmrst Plate (carrying Ost. 51b.), beating. 
Plunger (8st. 131b.) by lialf-a-lengtb. 1877. Newmarket: Won the 
Two Thousand Gruineas by a length. Brown Prince second, Silvio third, 
beaten three-quarters of a length. Epsom : Unplaced for the Derby won 
by Silvio. 

PLACIDA, a brown dau. of Lord Lyon,— Pietas by Pelion, — Chalice 
by Orlando, — Crucifix by Priam, was foaled in 1874. Principal Per- 
formances. 1876. Sandown : Won the (lold Cuj), beating the speedy 
Tangible in a canter. Goodwood : Won the Halnaker Stakes. Lewes : 
Won the Astley Stakes. 1877. Ej^som : Won the Oaks, Belphosbe 
second, Muscatel third, and Lady Gfolightly unplaced. Ascot : Won the 
Fernhill Stakes. Newmarket : Grave Thunderbolt 01b. and a beating in 
a match. Second to Jongleur for the Select Stakes, Verneuil third. 

ROB ROY, a chestnut son of Blair Athol, — Columba by Charleston 
(son of Sovereign), — Vexation by Touchstone, was foaled in 1874. 
Principal Performances. 1876. Ascot: Won the Biennial by half-a- 
length, Chevron second. Won the New Stakes easily, carrying 51b. 
extra. These were the only occasions of his running this year. 1877. 
Epsom : Starting favourite, he could only run third for the Derby to 
Silvio and Glen Arthur. Ascot : Won the Biennial, beating Touchet and 
Chevron. Second to Springfield for the New Biennial. " Soon after 
this Rob Roy was turned out of training ; and, as he proved of no use for 
stud purposes, was given to General Sir Arthur Hardinge, who rode him 
for seven years as a charger in India, and a magnificent one he made. 
He was of a darker chestnut than most of the Blair Athols, though he 
had the conspicuous white markings of his sire, and was up to sixteen 
stone with hounds, but free from all lumber, and with a beautiful head. 
The natives of India used to rush to see him, and christened him ' The 
Father of aU the Arabs.' " (Prom " Racing Reminiscences," by Sir George 
Chetw3aid, Barf.) 

BELPHCEBE, a bay dau. of Toxophilite, — Vaga by Stockwell, — 
Mendicant (winner of the Oaks of 1846) by Touchstone, was foaled 
in 1874. Principal Performances. 1876. Newmarket: Won the Bretby 
Stakes. 1877: Won the One Thousand Guineas, Lady Ronald second, 
Lady Goliglitly third. Epsom : Beaten three-quarters of a length by 
Placida for the Oaks. Ascot : Won the Coronation Stakes. 




JInnni hi ./. .Shiiyesx. 
ISONOMT. 
(Keproduced by permission of the " Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News.") 

ISONOIYIY, a bay son of Sterling,^ — Isola Bella by Stockwell, — Isoline by 
Ethelbert, — Bassisliaw by Prime Warden, — Miss Whimsey, was foaled 
in 1875. Principal Performances. 1877. Isonomy ran three times 
as a two-year old ; but unsuccessfully on each occasion, and in very 
ordinary company. 1878. Though he could hardly have failed to 
beat such a moderate animal as Sefton, Isonomy did not run for the 
Derby, his owner (Mr. Grretton) preferrin"^ to keep him for the Cambridge- 
shire, which he won. 1879. Ascot: Won the Gold A^ase, beating Silvio 
(winner of the Derby of 1877), who was giving 71b. Also won the 
Gold Cup in a canter, beating Insulaire, Jannette, Exmouth, and 
A^erneuil. Time 5min. 8sec., or at the rate of 14.'29 yards per second. 
Plying Childers is reported to have covered three miles at the rate of 
14' 30 yards per second. This w^ould tend to show Flying Childers 
to have been just a shade the better horse over a distance of ground. 
Goodwood : Won the Gold Cup. Brighton : Won the Cup. York 
(9st. 81b. up) : Won the Great Ebor Handicap in a canter. Doncaster : 
Won the Gold Cup. Newmarket : A good fourth for the Cesarewitch 



Fa UK nix Ilor.sc.^. 339 

with IJst. lOlb. in the saddle. ISSO. Epsom: Won the Gold Cup m 
a canter, beating Chippendale and Ziit. jVIanehester, November Meeting 
(Dst. 1.21b.) : Won the Manchester Autumn Cu}), giving heaps of weight 
to several good horses. 

SEFTON, a somewhat small bay son of Speculum (by Vedette), — Lady 
Sefton l)y \Vest Australian, — Clarissa by Pantaloon (son of Castrel), — adau. 
of Grlencoe, — Frolicsome, was foaled in 1875. Principal Performances. 
1877. Ran four times unsuccessfully. 1878. Epsom : Won the City 
and Suburban Handicap. Newmarket : Third for the Two Thousand 
Guineas to Pilgrimage and Insulaire. Epsom : Won the Derby " all 
out " by a length, Insulaire and Childeric being the runners uj). Won 
the Newmarket St. Leger, beating Insulaire by six lengths. 

PILGRIIVIAGE, a great fine chestnut dau. of The Palmer (by Beadsman), 
— Lady Audley by Macaroni, — Secret by Melbourne, — Mystery by 
Jerry, Avas foaled in 1875. Principal Performances. 1877. Third for 
the Middle Park Plate won by Beauclerc. Won the Dewhurst 
Plate, the little black Insulaire being second. 1878. Newmarket : 
Won the Two Thousand Guineas, Insulaire and Sefton (the subsequent 
Derby winner), being the runners up. Pilgrimage had a suspicious 
leg, and Captain Machell was somewhat anxious about her prior to 
the One Thousand Guineas ; but she won cleverly enough from Jannette. 
Epsom : Although not at her best. Pilgrimage started favourite for 
the Oaks ; but, coming down the hill badly, she failed to catch Jannette, 
whom Archer pushed along from the turn. Pilgrimage, in fact, broke 
down ; but, nevertheless, made a gallant fight of it. 

BEAUCLERC, a brown son of Posicrucian, — Bonny Bell by Voltigeur, 
Queen Mary by Gladiator, was foaled in 1875. Principal Performances. 

1877. Newmarket : Won the Middle Park Plate, the field including 
Pilgrimage and Insulaire. 1878. Becoming unsound, Beauclerc only ran 
for the Doncaster St. Leger this season, won by Jannette. 

JANNETTE, a charming bay dau. of Lord Clifden, — Chevisaunce by 
Stockwell, — Paradigm (dam of Lord Lyon, Achievement, &c.) by Paragone, 
was foaled in 1875. Principal Performances. 1877. Goodwood: Won 
the Eichmond Stakes. Newmarket : Won the Clearwell and the Criterion. 

1878. Newmarket : Second to Pilgrimage for the One Thousand Guineas. 
Epsom : Won the Oaks, Pilgrimage second. York. Won the Yorkshire 
Oaks. Doncaster : Won the St. Leger, Childeric second, with Insulaire 
also in the field. Newmarket : Won the Champion Stakes, Silvio (second), 
the field also including Verneuil and Petrarch. 187S, Won the Jockey 
Club Cup. 

z 2 




WHEEL OF FORTUNE. 

(Reproduced from a painting in the possession of Mr. M. Dawson, of Exning, Newmarket.) 



WHEEL OF FORTUNE, a bay dau. of Adventurer, — Queen Bertha 
(winner of the Oaks of 1863), was foaled hi 1S76. Principal 
Performances. 1878. Won the Pichmond Stakes at Goodwood, the 
Prince of Wales' Stakes at York, the Dewhurst Plate, and other races, 
without meeting with defeat. 1879. Newmarket: Won the One 
Thousand Gruineas in a canter. Epsom : Won the Oaks in a canter also. 
Ascot : Won the Prince of Wales' Stakes very easily, the field including 
E.ayon d'Or and Puperra. York : Won the Yorkshire Oaks ; but met 
with her only defeat in the Great Yorkshire Stakes won by Puperra. 

SIR BEVYS, a dark brown son of Pavonius, — Lady Langden (dam of 
Hampton), was foaled in 1870. Sir Bevys was undoubtedly bred to stay ; 
and this he clearly showed when he won the Derby in very heavy going, 
his previous performances ha\dng anything but foreshadowed his triumph 
in the chief classic event of 1879, a victor}^ due probably to the masterly 
manner in which George Fordham took advantage of the less treacherous 
track upon the upper portion of the course. Two rank outsiders, 
Palmbearer and Visconti, ran second and third. Having in the interval 
turned roarer. Sir Bews made no show whatever in the St. Leger won 



Famous Horses. 341 

by Kayon d'Or, and quitted tlie Turf at the close of liis tliree-year-old 
season, being j^robably one of the most moderate animals that ever had 
the good fortune to win the Derby. At the stud he proved a failure. 

CHARIBERT, a chestnut son of Thormanby, — Grertrude by Saunterer, — 
Queen JJertha by Kingston, was foaled in 1876. Principal Performances : 
1878. Won the Doncaster Champagne Stakes, Rayon d'Or second; but 
two days later the latter turned the tables upon him. 1879. Newmarket : 
Won the Two Thousand Guineas easily, starting at the long price of 
25 — 1, Cadogan being second, with Rayon d'Or, Ruperra, and Uncas also 
in the field. Epsom : Unplaced for the Derby won by Sir Bevys. Ascot : 
Second to Rayon d'Or for the St. James' Palace Stakes. During this 
season the running of Charibert was of a very in and out character, one 
reason probably being that he was but an indifferent stayer. 1880. 
Charibert did better this year, winning on seven occasions, including the 
Queen's Stand Plate at Ascot, the July Cup at Newmarket, the Gold Cup 
at Sandown Park, and the Rous Stakes at Brighton. 

RAYON D'OR, a great upstanding dark chestnut son of Flageolet 
(by Plutus), — Araucaria by Ambrose, was foaled in 1876. Principal 
Performances. 1878. Doncaster: Second to Charibert for the Champagne 
Stakes. 1879. Epsom Summer : Unplaced for the Derby. Goater, who 
rode Rayon d'Or, thought he would have won had he not been tied down 
by orders how to ride. Doncaster : Won the St. Leger by five lengths, 
Ruperra being second. Goater had orders to come right away, make the 
whole of the running, and win if possible. With the exception of 
Stockwell, this is the only instance of a Leger winner making all his own 
running. 

PETER, a most erratic chestnut son of Hermit, — Lady Masham by 
Bro. to Strafford, — Maid of Masham by Don John, — Miss Lydia by 
Belshazzar, was foaled in 1876. Principal Performances. 1878. Won 
the Hopeful Stakes, the Rous Memorial, and the Middle Park Plate, the 
field for the latter including Victor Chief (second), Charibert, Rayon d'Or, 
and Ruperra. 1880. Goodwood: Won the Stewards' Cup. 1881. Won 
the Northamptonshire Cup, Placida second. Goodwood : Won the 
Singleton Stakes, beating Plienix and Parole. Ascot : Won the Hunt 
Cup, after stopping behind to kick. 




ilEND OK. 
(Painted by M. Eniil Adam, and reproduced liy iiermission from a photu by Messrs. Franz Hanfstaengl.) 

BEND OR, a mottled chestnut son of Doncaster, — Rouge Rose by 
Thorinanby, — Ellen Home (grand-dam also of Lord Lyon and Acliieve- 
ment, and great grand-dam of Ladas) by Redshank, was bred by the 
Duke of Westminster in 1877. The above is the accepted pedigree 
of the winner of the Derby of 1880 ; after which race, however, an 
objection was made to the winner, on the ground that he was, in reality, 
Tadcaster, the two colts having been mistaken, it was said, the one for 
the other, when sent as yearlings to the training stable. The originator 
of the story was a stud groom under notice to leave ; who, however, on 
his death bed a few years afterwards solemnly averred that he had s])oken 
the truth ; and, to substantiate his statement to some extent, Sandiway 
by Doncaster, — Clemence (the dam of Tadcaster), had, like Bend Or, 
peculiar dark markings on her, wdiile the produce of Rouge Rose 
were worthless for racing purposes. Principal Performances. 1879. 
Newmarket : Won the Chesterfield Stakes in a canter. Groodwood : Won 



FcuiioKs Hones. 343 

the Richinond Stakes. IS>S0. Epsom : Won the JJerhy. "At the Bell 
Eobert the Devil held such a coiiiinanding lead that it looked long odds 
on him ; hut Archer was creeping up on Bend Or, and an exciting 
struggle took place. Inch hy inch he caught the leader. Rossiter 
appeared powerless on Bobert. Two strides from, the post the horses 
were level ; but Bend Or, sticking gamely to his work, won on the 
post by a head." (From " Bacing Beminiscences " by Sir Greorge 
Chetwynd, Bart.) Mask, jMuncaster, Cylinder, Apollo, and Von der 
Tann were also in the field. Ascot : Won the St. James' Balace Stakes. 
1S81. Epsom Spring (9st.) : Won the City and Suburban easily. Epsom 
Summer : Although really not fit, Bend Or beat Bobert the Devil 
easily for the (lold Cup ; although, it must be added, Bobert himself 
was unsound at the time. Bend Or evidently had a great partiality 
for the Epsom course. Newmarket : Won the Champion Stakes, the 
field including Iroquois (winner of the Derby of 1881). Bend Or will 
not only be remembered as the winner of a sensational Derby ; but also 
as the sire of the mighty Ormonde, and grandsire of Orme. 

ROBERT THE DEVIL, a bay son of Bertram (by the Duke),— Cast-Off 
by Bromised Land, — Wanona by Womersley, — a dau. of Hampton, — 
a dau. of Cervantes, was foaled in 1877. Brincipal Berformances. 1880. 
Epsom : Beaten a head by Bend Or for the Derby. Baris : Won the 
Grand Brix in a canter. Doncaster : Won the St. Leger in a canter. 
Newmarket : Beat Bend Or a head for the (xreat Foal Stakes. Won the 
Cesarewitch w^ith 8st. 61b. in the saddle. Won the Champion Stakes, 
beating Bend Or by ten lengths. 1881. Ascot: Won both the Gold 
Cup and Alexandra Flate in a canter. 

PET RON EL, a whole-coloured black-brown son of Musket (by 
Toxophilite), — Crytheia by Hesperus, — Balm (dam of Yauban) by 
Tadmor, was foaled in 1877. Brincipal Berformances. 1880. New- 
market : Won the Two Thousand Guineas, beating Muncaster by a 
short head. Ascot: Won the Biennial. 1881. Won the Epsom Stakes, 
giving 1.21b. to Betreat. Ascot: Second for the Gold Cup won by 
Bobert the Devil. Won the Doncaster Cup easily, beating Tristan. 

JENNY HOWLETT, a chestnut dau. of The Balmer,— Jenny Diver by 
Buccaneer, — Fairy by Warlock, — Leila by Melbourne, was foaled in 
1877, and won the Oaks of 1880 by four lengths, Bonnie Marden second. 

ELIZABETH, a brown dau. of Statesman, — Fair Bosamond by King 
John, — Seclusion by Tadmor, w^as foaled in 1877, and won the One 
Thousand Guineas of 1880, Yersigny second, Evasion third. 




BAKCALDINE. 
(Reproduced by permission of Mr. H. R. Sherborn, Newmarket.) 

BARCALDINE, a bay son of Solon (by West Australian), — Ballyroe 
by Belladmm (son of Stockwell), — Bon Accord by Adventurer, — a dau. 
of Birdcatcher, — a dau. of Hetman PlatofP, was bred in Ireland in 1878. 
Principal Performances. 1883. Kempton Park: Won the Westminster 
Cup easily, beating Tristan. Epsom : Won the Cup. Ascot : Won the 
Orange Cup. Newcastle (9st. 101b.) : Won the Northumberland Plate in 
a canter, although by no means wound up. This was Barcaldine's last 
appearance on a racecourse ; and he left the Turf undefeated, and with 
the reputation of being one of the best animals ever foaled. Indeed, 
very many declared him to be the very best animal within their 
recollection. While nearly all his stock race, they have, in addition, 
the faculty of improving as they grow older, a matter of the very 
greatest importance to those interested in them. They usually have, 
at least, one drawback, and that a serious one ; viz. : awkwardness of 
temper. Amongst the descendants of Barcaldine may be mentioned 
Mimi (winner of the One Thousand and Oaks), Morion, Wolf's Crag, 



Famous Horses. 345 

Dumbarton, Sir Yisto, Marco, and Slow Step. The early deatli of 
Barcaldine was a serious loss to the English Tuff. 

IROQUOIS, a brown son of Leamington (son of Faugh-a-Ballagh), — 
Maggie J)J). hy Australian (son of West Australian), Madeline by Boston, 
— Magnoli by Glencoe, was foaled in 1878. Principal Performances. 

1880. Newmarket: Beaten a head by Bal Gal for the July Stakes. 
Won the Chesterfield Stakes. Goodwood : Won the Lavant Stakes. 

1881. Newmarket : Second to Peregrine for the Two Thousand Guineas, 
with Scobell and Tristan also in the field. Won the Newmarket Stakes. 
Epsom : Won the Derby by liaK-a-length, the field including Peregrine 
(second). Town Moor, Scobell, St. Louis, and Tristan. Ascot : Won the 
Prince of Wales' Stakes, and the St. James' Palace Stakes. Doncaster : 
Although heavily bandaged, Iroquois won the St. Leger easily, the field 
including Geologist (second), Lucy Glitters, St. Louis, Scobell, and Bal 
Gal. Newmarket : Third for the Champion Stakes to Bend Or and 
Scobell. Won the Newmarket Derby. 

PEREGRINE, a brown son of Pero Gomez, — Adelaide by Young 
Melbourne, — a dau. of Teddington, — Maid of Masham by Don John, 
was foaled in 1878. Principal Performances. 1880. Peregrine did not 
appear in public as a two-year-old. 1881. Newmarket: Won the Two 
Thousand Guineas in a canter, the field including Iroquois (second), 
Scobell, and Tristan. Epsom : Beaten half-a-length by Iroquois for the 
Derby. This was Peregrine's last appearance on the Turf. 

THEBAIS, a chestnut dau. of Hermit, — Devotion (dam also of St. 
Marguerite, Clairvaux, and St. Honorat) by Stockwell, — Alcestis by 
Touchstone, — Sacrifice by Voltaire, was foaled in 1878. Principal 
Performances. 1880. Goodwood : Won the Ham Stakes. Newmarket: 
Won the Great Challenge Stakes, and the Criterion Stakes. 1881. 
Newmarket : Won the One Thousand Guineas, Thora second. Ejjsom : 
Won the Oaks, Lucy Glitters second. Goodwood : Won the Nassau 
Stakes. York : Won the Yorkshire Oaks. 

FOXHALL, a bay son of King Alfonso (by Phaeton, son of King 
Tom), — Jamaica by Lexington, was bred in America in 1878. Principal 
Performances. 1881. Paris: Won the Grand Prix. Newmarket: Won 
the Grand Duke Michael Stakes, the Cesarewitch (7st. 121b. up), the 
Select Stakes, and the Cambridgeshire (9st. up), the field including Tristan 
(7st. 91b.), Bend Or (9st. 81b.), Corrie Eoy (Gst. 51b.), Peter, Petronel, 
Prestonpans, Poulet, and Scobell. In this race Foxhall proved himself 
to be a most wonderful animal, and actually and collaterally better at 
weight for age than the Derby winners — Bend Or and Iroquois. 




SHOTOVER. 



SHOTOVER, a cliestnut dau. of Hermit, — Stray Shot by Toxopliilite, — 
Vaga by Stockwell, was foaled in 1879. Principal Performances. 1881. 
The two-year-old career of Shotover was anything but prophetic of a 
winner of the (Kiineas and Derby, and she wound up the season by failing 
to carry 7st. 61b. into a place for the Tuesday Nursery at the Houghton 
Meeting. 18S.'2. Won the Two Thousand Guineas, Quicklime second, 
Marden third. Beaten a neck l^y St. Marguerite for the One Thousand, 
owing, probal)ly, to the fact that, the field being small, she had to make 
her own running. Won the Derby very cleverly. Quicklime second, 
Bruce (who was very badly ridden) third, and a moderate field. Won the 
Ascot Derby. Shotover was the dam of Bullingdon, who ran Isinglass to 
a head, with Ladas also in the field. She was also the dam of Orion, for 
whom, when he was a two-year-old, l.:2,000 guineas was refused. 

DUTCH OVEN, a brown dau. of Dutch Skater, — Cantiniere by Stock- 
well, — Cantine by Orlando, — Vivandiere (sister to Voltigeur), was foaled 
in 1879. Principal Performances. 1881. Won the Great Lancashire 
Produce Stakes, the Pichmond Stakes and Pons Memorial Stakes at 



Fai)/o//rS Horses. 347 

Goodwood, the Cluiinpioii J^reeders' Foul Stakes at J)erby, tlie ilous 
Memorial, Clearwell Stakes, and Dewhurst Plate at Newmarket, and 
ran Kermesse to lialf-a-leno-tli for the Doncaster Champagne Stakes. 
1882. Dutch Oven was beaten in the Great Yorkshire Stakes, owing, it 
was supposed, to the heavy condition of the course ; but won the 
Doncaster St. Leger easily, beating Geheimniss and Sliotover. 

KERIYIESSE, a brown dau. of Cremorne, — Hazeldean by Cathedral, — 
Nntbush by Filbert, — Beauty by Lanercost, was foaled in 1870. Prin- 
cipal Performances. 1881. Ascot: Won the New Stakes in a canter. 
Newmarket : Won the July Stakes, Marden second, with Dutch Oven 
and St. Marguerite running a dead-heat for third place, not more than a 
length separating the four. Goodwood : Pan a dead-heat with St. 
Marguerite for second place to Dutch Oven, who jnst won by a head, 
Kermesse giving 31b. to each of the other two. Won the Doncaster 
Champagne Stakes, beating Dutch Oven half-a-length. Newmarket : 
AVon the Middle Park Plate easily, the field including St. Marguerite, 
Laureate, Marden, and Sliotover. 

GEHEIIYINISS, a brown dau. of Rosicrucian, — Nameless by Blink- 
hoolie (son of Wisdom), — No Name by Teddington, — Queen of Beauty 
by Melbourne, — Birthday by Pantaloon (by Castrel), — Honoria by Camel, 
was foaled in 1879. Principal Performances. 1881. Stockbridge : Won 
the Hurstbourne Stakes. Lewes : Won the Astley Stakes. York : Won 
the Convivial Stakes. Newmarket: Won the Cheveley Stakes. 1882. 
Won the Oaks, St. Marguerite second. Doncaster : Second to Dutch 
Oven for the St. Leger, Shotover third. 1883. Goodwood (9st. Olb.) : 
Beaten a head only for the Stewards' Cup. Doncaster (Ost. 31b.) : Beaten 
a head only for the Portland Plate. 1884. Ascot: Won the All-Aged 
Stakes and the (Queen's Stand Plate. Won the Stockbridge Cup. 

ST. lYlARGUERITE, a chestnut dau. of Hermit,— Devotion by Stock- 
well, was foaled in 1879. Principal Performances. 1881. Newmarket: 
Won the Chesterfield Stakes, the Bretby Stakes, and the Home-bred Foal 
Port Stakes. 1882. Newmarket: Won the One Thousand Guineas, 
Shotover second, Nellie third. Epsom : Second to Geheimniss for the 
Oaks. Goodwood : Won the Nassau Stakes. 




ST. BLAISE. 
(Reproduced by permission of Mr. H. B. Sherbom, Newmarljet.) 



ST. BLAISE, a washy cliestnut son of Hermit, — Fusee by Marsyas, — 
Vesuvienne by Griadiator, was foaled in 1880. Principal Performances. 
1882. Newmarket: Won the Troy Stakes. 1883. Fourth for the Two 
Thousand Gruineas, won by Gralliard. Won the Derby by a neck, 
Highland Chief (second), and Galliard (third, haK a length away). 
It was said that the rider of Highland Chief lost the race through looking 
after Galliard, and failing to notice the dangerous proximity of St. Blaise. 
Highland Chief was fast catching the winner at the finish ; and both 
Webb, who rode him, and Archer, who was on Galliard, thought the Chief 
had just got up. Indeed, Fred Webb, as he made his way to the paddock, 
remarked to Charlie Archer, — " I could have won by another half-length. 
The victory of St. Blaise was probably, however, entirely due to the 
fearless way in which Wood sent him down the hill, hugging the rails, 
and stealing several lengths. Owing to his heavy shoulders, Galliard 
could not come down the hill, and lost too much ground ever to make it 
up. St. Blaise, on the other hand, had faultless shoulders." (From 



Famous Horses. 349 

"Eacing Eeminiscences," by Sir George ChetwjTid, Bart.) St. Blaise 
was exported to the United States in 1885. 

GALLIARD, a very blood-like bay or brown son of Galopin, — Mavis by 
Macaroni, — Merlette by The Baron, — Cuckoo by Elis, — Reel by Camel, 
was foaled in 1880. Principal Performances. 1882. Newmarket: Won 
the Chesterfield Stakes. York : Won the Prince of Wales' Stakes. 
1SS3. Newmarket : Won the Two Thousand Guineas. At the Bushes, 
the three placed horses came out together, Galliard winning a magnificent 
race by a head from Goldfield, who was a neck only in front of The Prince, 
with St. Blaise fourth, and Highland Chief unplaced. Epsom : Beaten 
for the Derby by St. Blaise and Highland Chief, after a very fine race. 
Ascot : Won the Prince of Wales' Stakes, the St. James' Palace Stakes, 
and the Triennial. Galliard did not run again. 

OSS I AN, a browm son of Salvator (by Dollar), — Music by Stockwell, — 
One Act by Annandale, — Extravaganza, was foaled in 1880. Principal 
Performances. 1883. Goodwood: Won the Sussex Stakes and Drawing 
Room Stakes. York : Won the Great Yorkshire Stakes. Doncaster : Won 
the St. Leger, Chislehurst (second), Highland Chief (third). Newmarket : 
Won the Great Foal Stakes. 

BON NY J EAN, a bay dau. of Macaroni, — Bonny Agnes by Blair Athol, — 
Little Agnes by The Ciu-e, — Miss Agnes by Birdcatcher, was foaled in 1880, 
and won the Oaks of 1883 in a canter, the field including Lovely and Rookery. 

HAUTEUR, a brown dau. of Rosicrucian, — Hawthorndale by Kettle- 
drum, — Lady Alice Hawthorn by Newminster, was foaled in 1880. 
Princi]3al Performances. 1882. Epsom: Won the Acorn Stakes. Don- 
caster : Won the Doncaster Champagne Stakes, beating Macheath, The 
Prince, and GaUiard. Newmarket: Won the ClearweU. 1883: Won 
the One Thousand Guineas. 

BENDIGO, a black son of Ben Battle (by Rataplan),— Hasty Girl by 
Lord Gough, — Irritation by King of Trumps, — Patience by Assault, was 
bred in Ireland in 1880, and bought when a yearling for 70 guineas 
only. Bendigo was of a particularly docile temper. " Both before and 
after a race he would stand as quiet as an old sheep, and it was quite 
a customary and pleasing sight to see him, after some more than usually 
severe struggle, contentedly munching an apple." Principal Performances. 
1883. Won the Cambridgeshire. 1884. Second for the Cambridgeshire. 
1885. Won the Lincolnshire Handicap. Second for the Cambridgeshire. 
Sandown: Won the Eclipse Stakes. 1887. Kempton (9st. 71b.): Won 
the Jubilee Stakes. Second for the Cesarewitch, and second once more 
for the Cambridgeshu-e (9st. 71b. up.) 




ST. SIMON. 
(Painted by M. Eniil Adam, and roiJroduccJ by iiflrmission from a photo by Messrs. Franz Hanfstaengl ) 

ST. SIIVION, a l)ay son of (hilopin,— St. Ano-elii by King Tom,— 
Adeline by Ion, — Little Fairy by Hornsea, — Lacerta by Zodiac, was bred 
by Prince Batthyany in 1881, and purcliased by the Duke of Portland 
for 1800 guineas. Principal Performances. 1883. Doncaster (9st. .t^lb.) : 
Ran away with the Prince of Wales' Nursery. 1884. Ascot : Won the 
(lold Cup, beating Tristan twenty lengths. Groodwood -. Won the Gold 
Cup in a canter. This was the last appearance of St. Simon upon a 
racecourse, leg troubles having commenced to develop themselves ; and 
he quitted the Turf an undefeated animal, never having been extended 
by any of his opponents. Matthew Dawson, who trained Thormanby, 
Wheel of Fortune, and Minting, declared St. Simon to have been the 
best animal he ever had under his care ; and it is a fact that, as a 
three-year-old, he was tried to be a stone and a half better than the 
Derby dead-heater of the same year — Harvester ; and his trainer 
considered him to be at least a stone better than Minting ; and, there- 
fore, superior to Ormonde. At the stud his success has been so 



Fai)io/f.9 Horses. 351 

wonderful that it has hecoiiie almost hiipossible to secure a subscription 
to him, whatever the price offered. Signorina, Memoir, and Semolina 
were credited to him in his very first season. His fillies — which include 
the peerless La Fleclie — have nearly all been of the highest class ; while, 
on the other hand, his colts, with the exception of Raconteur, Raeburn, 
Simonian, and St. Serf, have proved to be only moderate. 

ST. G ATI EN, a bay son of The Rover (by Blair Athol),— Crinon by 
Newminster, — Margery Daw by Brocket, — Protection, was foaled in 
1881. Principal Performances. 1SS4. Epsom: Ran a dead-beat for the 
Derby with Harvester (the stakes being divided). Queen Adelaide third. 
Ascot : Won the Gold Vase, beating Corrie Roy and Tristan. New- 
market (8st. 101b.) : Won the Cesarewitch, the field including Highland 
Chief (4yTS., 8st.) and Florence (4yrs., 9st. 21b.). 1885. Ascot: Won 
the Gold Cup, and the Alexandra Plate. Newmarket : Won the Jockey 
Club Cup. 1880. Ascot: Won the Rous Memorial. Newmarket: Won 
the Jockey Club Cup, beating Melton (winner of the Derby of 1885). 
St. Gatien's last race. 

HARVESTER, a brown son of Sterling, — Wheatear by Young- 
Melbourne, — Swallow by Cotherstone, was foaled in 1881. Principal 
Performances. 1888. Newmarket: Won the Triennial Produce Stakes 
and the Clearwell. 1884. Newmarket : Won the Payne Stakes. 
Epsom : Ran a dead-heat with St. Gatien for the Derby. Goodwood : 
Won the Gratwicke Stakes. 

BUSYBODY, a bay dau. of Petrarch, — Spinaway by Macaroni, was 
foaled in 1881. Principal Performances. 1883. Newmarket : Won the 
Rous Memorial. Won the Middle Park Plate, Royal Fern (second). 
Queen Adelaide (third), Superba (foui-tli). Won the Great Challenge 
Stakes. Beaten a neck by Queen Adelaide for the Dewhurst Plate. 
1884. Newmarket: Won the One Thousand Guineas, Queen Adelaide 
second. Epsom : Won the Oaks, Superba second. Queen Adelaide third. 
Busybody did not run again. 

SCOT FREE, a brown son of Macgregor, — Celibacy by Lord Clifden, — 
a dau. of Cowl, — a dau. of Lanercost, — The Nun by Catton, was foaled 
in 1881, and won the Two Thousand Guineas of 1884, St. Medard second, 
Harvester third. 

THE LAIYIBKIN, a bay son of Camballo,— Mintsauce (dam of Minting) 
by Young Melbcjurne, — Sycee by Marsyas, — Rose of Kent by Kingston, 
was foaled in 1881, and won the St. Leger of 1884, Sandiway second, 
Superba third, with Queen Adelaide, Harvester, and Scot Free also in the 
field. 




MELTON. 

(Painted by M. Emil Adam, and reproduced by permission from a ptioto by Messrs. Franz Hanfstaengl.) 

lYI ELTON, a bay son of Master Kildare (by Lord Ronald),— Violet 
Melrose, by Scottish Chief, — Violet by Thormanby, — Woodbine by 
Stockwell, — Honeysuckle by Touchstone, — Beeswing, was foaled in 1882. 
Principal Performances. 1884. Ascot: Won the New Stakes, Match 
Girl second. Newonarket : Beaten a head by Luminary for the July 
Stakes. Won the Middle Park Plate (carrying 71b. extra) by half-a- 
length, Xaintrailles second, with Paradox and Poyal Hampton running 
a dead-heat for third place, and Lonely also in the field. Won the 
Criterion Stakes in a canter. 1885. Newmarket : Won the Payne 
Stakes. Epsom : Won the Derby, beating Paradox a head, Eoyal 
Hampton third, Xaintrailles fourth, with Crafton, Luminary, Kingwood, 
and Esterling also in the field. Doncaster : Won the St. Leger in grand 
style by six lengths. Isobar second. Lonely third. Newmarket : Won 
the Great Foal Stakes. 1886. Ascot: Beaten two lengths by Ormonde 



Fa))w>ff^ Horses, 353 

for the Hardwicke Stakes. Newmarket : Won the July Cup. Liverpool 
(9st. 311).) : Won the Liverpool Autumn Cup. 

PARADOX, a bay son of Sterling,— Casuistry by The Miner,— Lady 
Caroline by Orlando, — Lady Blanche by Stockwell, — Clementina by 
Venison, was foaled in 1882. Principal Performances. 1884. New- 
market : Pan a dead heat with Eoyal Hampton (71b. extra) for third 
place in the Middle Park Plate won by Melton. Won the Dewhurst 
Plate very easily, Cora second, Xaintrailles third, Lonely foui-th. 1885. 
Newmarket : Won the Two Thousand Guineas, beating Mr. Gerard's 
colt by Kisber, — Chopette by a head. Epsom : Beaten a head by Melton 
for the Derby. Paris : Won the " Grand Prix " in a canter. Goodwood : 
Won the Sussex Stakes, and the Free Handicap Sweepstakes, beating 
King Monmouth. Paradox developed a fearful temper ; and one 
morning, while upon Newmarket Heath, after savaging his attendant, he 
broke away and made straight for Mr. Alfred Bloss, the trainer — an old 
gentleman close upon eighty — who, seated upon his sedate little pony, 
calmly awaited the attack, having no other weapon but a long whip. 
When within a short distance of Mr. Bloss, Paradox, with gleaming eyes 
and distended nostrils, pulled himself up into a trot preparatory to rearing 
up and throwing himseK upon the pony and its rider. Measuring his 
distance accm-ately, the sturdy old trainer now sent out the thong of his whip, 
and caused it to crack bang on the nose of the infuriated horse. With a toss 
of his head and a loud scream of pain, Paradox hesitated an instant, as if 
about to annihilate his enemy ; but bang came the thong again fairly round 
his muzzle, followed like lightning by a blow right across the eyes. This 
fairly cowed the savage, who turned tail immediately and galloped away. 

LONELY, a bay dau. of Hermit, — Anonyma by Stockwell, — Miss 
Sarah by Don John, was foaled in 1882. Principal Performances, 
1884. Newmarket : Won the Exeter Stakes. Goodwood: Beaten a head 
by Satchel for the Lavant Stakes. Lewes : Won the Priory Stakes. 
Doncaster : Won the Pons Plate by a neck, Chopette colt second. 
Newmarket: Won the Hopeful Stakes easily, Rosy Morn second. 1885. 
Epsom : Won the Oaks by a length and a half, St. Helena second, 
Cipollina third. Doncaster : Third for the St. Leger won by Melton. 

FAREWELL, a chestnut dau. of Doncaster, — Lily Agnes by Macaroni, 
— Polly Agnes by The Cure, — Miss Agnes by Birdcatcher, was bred by 
the Duke of Westminster in 1882. Principal Performances. 1884. 
Stockbridge : Won the Mottisfont Stakes in a canter. 1885. Newmarket: 
Won the One Thousand Guineas, Jane second, Satchel third. Doncaster : 
Unplaced for the St. Leger. 

A A 




MR. JOHN PORTEK. ORMONDE (F. ARCHER UP). 

(Painted by M. Emil Adam, and reproduced by jjermission from a photo by Messrs. Franz Hanfstaengl.) 

ORMONDE, a bay son of Bend Or, — Lily Agnes by Macaroni, was 
foaled in 1883. Principal Performances. 1885. Ormonde being built on 
a somewhat large scale, John Porter wisely refrained from hurrying him 
as a two-year-old ; and, therefore, he did not appear in public until the 
Second October Meeting at Newmarket, when he beat the speedy 
Modwena. He also won the Criterion Stakes and the IJewhurst Plate ; 
and retired into winter quarters first favourite for the Derby, notwith- 
standing the immense reputation of Minting, The Bard, and Saraband. 
It may be said that never had four such colts been foaled in one season. 
1886. So highly had Matthew Dawson tried Minting that, after Ormonde 
had decisively beaten the latter in the Two Thousand Cluineas, the 
veteran trainer could only ask, — " What kind of horse do you call ihat ? " 
In the Derby Ormonde and The Bard came right away from their field, the 
former winning by two lengths. The gallant little Bard was probably 
good enough to have won ninety-nine Derby s out of a hundred. In the 
Free Handicap at the Newmarket Houghton Meeting, Ormonde gave 
.281b. to both Mephisto and Theodore, and won in a common canter by 



Faiiio/fs Horses. 355 

eight lengths. 1887. As a four-year-old Orinoiule gained his brightest 
laurels at Ascot, when he beat Kilwarlin (winner of the St. Leger) by a 
dozen lengths in the Eous Memorial. On the following day came the 
memorable race for the Hardwicke Stakes. It was well known that 
Ormonde's wind had become affected; and the policy of running him 
against such a horse as Minting, and over the severe Swinley course, was 
considered very questionable. From the distance the race resolved itself 
into a match between the two cracks; and, after a beautifully ridden race, 
Ormonde won by a neck with just a little to spare, amidst such a scene of 
enthusiasm as is seldom witnessed on a racecourse, Bendigo being beaten 
four lengths. Ormonde was sold for 1.2,000/. and shipped to Buenos 
Ayres. Mr. Singer gave the extraordinary sum of 5000/. for the only 
colt foal by him in 1890 — Glenwood. Ormonde was afterwards resold for 
30,000/. to join St. Blaise as England's representative at the United 
States Stud, and paid a visit to England en roiife. 

lYllNTING, a bay son of Lord Lyon, — Mintsauce (dam also of The 

Lambkin) by Young Melbourne, was foaled in 1883. Standing, as a 

three-year-old, within the slightest shade of 17 hands, Minting as a 

model of massive grandeur has probably never had an equal. It used to 

be said of him when in training that if he were put in the scales he would 

probably weigh half as much again as any ordinary thoroughbred. 

" There's bone for you ! " proudly exclaimed Matthew Dawson, spanning 

the colt's leg below the knee, as he stripped him for inspection prior to the 

Prince of Wales' Stakes at Goodwood, in which race he made hacks of his 

opponents. Principal Performances. 1885. Won the Prince of Wales' 

Stakes at Goodwood. Won the Middle Park Plate. Giles, who was 

riding Braw Lass, had backed his mount, at long shots, to win a fabulous 

stake ; and he made the utmost use of the filly's speed, so that it was only 

after a desperate finish that Archer got Minting home a head in front of 

her, with Saraband, who was not quite liimseK, less than a neck behind ; 

and many thought the latter unlucky to lose, owing to Wood laying so 

far out of his ground. 1886. Beaten for the Two Thousand Guineas by 

Ormonde. Minting did not run for the Derby, the course not being a 

suitable one for him ; but he won the Grand Prize of Paris in splendid 

style by five lengths. Archer pidling him up as he passed the post. 1887. 

Ascot : Won the Jubilee Cup, and ran Ormonde to a head for the 

Hardwicke Stakes, a race which excited a vast amount of interest. 1888. 

Kempton Park : Won the Jul)ilee Stakes in a canter by three lengths, 

with the welter of lOst. in the saddle; and it was considered that list. 

would not have stopped him ! 

A A 2 




MERRY HAMPTON. 
(From a Photograph by H. E. Sherborn. 



lYIERRY HAMPTON, a bay son of Hamptou,— Doll Tearsheet by 
Broomielaw (son of Stockwell and Queen Mary), — Mrs. Quickly by 
Longbow, — Venus by Sir Hercules, was foaled in 1884. Principal 
Performances. 1887. Ej^som : Won the Derby by four lengths. The 
Baron second, Martley third. Paris : Fourth for the Grand Prix won 
by Tenebreuse. Doncaster : Beaten half-a-leugth by Kilwarlin for the 
St. Leger. 

THE BARON, a bay son of Xenophon, — Tantrum by Lord Lyon, — 
Vex by Vedette, — Flying Duchess by The Flying Dutchman, — Merope 
by Voltaire, was foaled in 1884. The Baron was a very sluggish horse 
in his exercise gallops ; and, after his two-year-old season, degenerated 
into merely a one-pace horse, a result probably due to the fact that, 
a very slow horse being employed to lead him at exercise, he fell into the 
habit of going at this one pace even in his races. Principal Perform- 
ances. 1886. Epsom : Won the Woodcote Stakes. Kempton : Won 



Famous Horses. 357 

the luterntitioual Two-Year-Old Plate. Lewes : Won tlie Astley 
Stakes. 1887. Newmarket : Won the Craven Stakes. Epsom: Second 
to Merry Hampton for the Derby. Paris : Second for the Grrand Prix 
won by Tenebreuse. 

KILWARLIN, a bay son of Arbitrator (by Solon, — Darling-'s dam 

by Birdcatcher, — a dau. of Hetman Platoff, — Wliim), — Hasty Grirl by 
Lord Gong-h (Son of Grladiatenr, — Battag-lia by Eataplan), was foaled in 
1884. Principal Performances. 1887. Doncaster : Won the St. Leger, 
Merry Hamj)ton second, Timothy and Phil close nj). Newmarket : 
Won the Great Challenge Stakes. 

ENTERPRISE, a chestnnt son of Sterling, — Sister to King AKred 
by King Tom, a dau. of Bay Middleton, — West Country Lass by 
Yenison, — Margellina by Whisker, was foaled in 1884. Principal 
Performances. 1886. Ascot: Won the New Stakes. Newmarket: Won 
the July Stakes. Beaten two lengths by Florentine (in receipt of 
31b.) for the Middle Park Plate, Maxim third. Beaten three lengths by 
Eeve d'Or for the Dewhurst Plate. 1887. Nemnarket : Won the Two 
Thousand Guineas, beating Phil by half-a-length, the remainder of the 
runners being of no account. Enterprise did not start again. 

REVE D'OR, a chestnut dau. of Hampton, — Queen of the Eoses 
by Sundeelah (son of Jeremy Diddler), — Couleur de Eose by West 
Australian, — Maria by Harkaw^ay, was foaled in 1884. Principal 
Performances. 1886. Newmarket: Won the Bretby Stakes. Won the 
Dewhurst Plate, Enterprise (61b. extra) second. Freedom third, the field 
also including Florentine and Timothy. 1887. Newmarket : Won the 
One Thousand Guineas, beating Porcelain half-a-length, the same 
distance dividing the latter from Freedom. Epsom : Won the Oaks by 
three lengths, St. Helen second. Freedom a bad third. Goodwood : Won 
the Sussex Stakes, but just failed to give 121b. to Maize in the Nassau 
Stakes, Freedom, in receipt of 121b., being beaten three lengths. York : 
Won the Yorkshii-e Oaks and the Queen's Plate. Newmarket : Won the 
Great Foal Stakes and the Newmarket Oaks. 

MISS JUMIYIY, a bay dau. of Petrarch,— Lady Portland by The 
Primate, — Lady Nateby by Yan Galen, — Sweet Hawthorn by Sweetmeat, 
was foaled in 1883. Principal Performances. 1885. Newmarket: Won 
the Buckenham Stakes, the Eutland Stakes, and the ClearweU Stakes. 
1886. Newmarket: Won the Eiddleswoi-th. Won the One Thousand 
Guineas, Ai-go Na^^s second, Jewel Song third. Epsom : Won the Oaks, 
Argo Navis second, Braw Lass third. Goodwood : Won the Nassau 
Stakes. Doncaster : Won the Park Hill Stakes. 




AYRSHIRE. 
(Painted by M. Eniil Adain, and reproduced by permission from a photo by Messrs. Franz Hanf.staengl.) 

AYRSHIRE, a very dark bay (almost brown) son of Hampton, — 
Atalanta by Galopin, — Feronia by Thormanby, — Woodbine by Stockwell, 
was bred by the Duke of Portland at Welbeck, in 1885. A}Tsbire stood 
15.3, and was a charming little horse. Principal Performances. 1887. 
Newmarket : Won the Chesterfield Stakes. Goodwood : Won the Prince 
of Wales' Stakes. Doncaster : Won the Champagne Stakes. 1888. 
Newmarket : Won the Two Thousand Gruineas. Epsom : Won the 
Derby. Doncaster : Owing to his leg giving trouble, Ayrshire was not 
placed for the St. Leger won by Seabreeze. Manchester : Beaten three- 
quarters of a length by Seabreeze for the Lancashire Plate, with nearly 
all the best winners of the day also in the field. Newmarket : Won the 
Great Foal Stakes. 1889. Kempton Park: Won the Eoyal Stakes, 
defeating Seabreeze and Friar's Balsam. Sandown : Won the Eclipse 
Stakes, beating Seabreeze, &c. Ayrshire won eleven out of the sixteen 
races for which he started. At the stud he commenced well ; as, in 1893 
(the first year they appeared in public), his stock won eleven races, 
value 4171/. 



FaiJtoifs Honors. 359 

SHEEN, a very handsome bay son of Hampton, — Iladiancy by 
Tibthorpe, — Meteor by Thunderbolt (son of Stockwell), — Duty by 
Eiileman, — a dan. of Sleight of Hand, was bred by Prince Soltykoff in 
1885 ; and carried the familiar pink jacket and black cap of that good 
sportsman throughout his racing career. Sheen, although a splendid 
stayer, was decidedly deficient in speed. He was of the short-coupled, 
almost cobl3y, type ; and very like his sire, though of a somewhat darker 
colour. Equally good to meet or follow, he was one of the nicest little 
horses it was possible to imagine, and carried a rare bloom when in 
training. Like his sire, he showed his best form somewhat late in life ; 
and his strong characteristics were stamina and marked ability to carry 
weiglit. Principal Performances. 1887 and 1888. Sheen altogether 
failed to distinguish himself either as a two or three year old. 1889. 
Won the Biennial at Newmarket and the Jockey Club Cup. 1890. 
Newmarket July (9st.) : Won the Handicap of 1000/. given by Mr. Eose 
to encourage long distance racing. Newmarket Second October 
(9st. .21b.) : Won the Cesare witch easily. Beat Amphion over the last 
two miles of the Cesarewitch Course in the race for the second 1000/. 
given by Mr. Pose. Amphion, being quite incapable of staying such a 
distance, was very easily defeated. 

SATIETY, a chestnut son of Isonomy, — Wifey by Cremorne, — Lady 
Mary by Orlando, was bred by the Duchess of Montrose in 1885. 
Standing well over sixteen hands. Satiety was very powerful both before 
and behind the saddle, had splendid shoulders, and could both stay and 
go fast. Principal Performances. 1887. As a two-year-old Satiety won 
eleven out of the thirteen contests in which he took part. 1888. He 
was not entered for either the Two Thousand Gruineas or Derby ; but 
won the Liverpool Summer Cup, together with races at Ascot, Sandown, 
and Newmarket. 

SEABREEZE, a chestnut dau. of Isonomy, — St. Marguerite by Hermit, 
was bred by the Duchess of Montrose in 1885. Principal Performances. 
1887. Ascot: Won the Biennial, and ran second for the New Stakes 
won by Friar's Balsam. Newmarket : Second for the July Stakes won by 
Friar's Balsam. 1888. Second to Briar-root for the One Thousand 
Guineas. Epsom : Won the Oaks. Doncaster : Won the St. Leger, 
A}Tshire (wT.nner of the Derby) being unplaced. Manchester : Won the 
Lancashire Plate, Ayrshire second. Friar's Balsam unplaced. 

BRIAR- ROOT, a bay dau. of Springfield, — Eglentyne by Hermit, — • 
Mabille (sister to Cremorne) by Parmesan, was foaled in 1885, and 
w^on the One Thousand Gruineas of 1888. 




DONOVAN. 
(Painted by M, Emil Adam, and reproduced by permission from a photo by Messrs. Franz Hanfstaengl.) 

DONOVAN, a dark bay son of Galopin, — Mowerina by Scottish Chief, 
— Stockings by Stockwell, — Go-ahead by Melbourne, — Mowerina by 
Touchstone, was foaled in 1886. Donovan is directly descended from 
nine winners of the Derby, viz. : Galopin, Yoltigeur, The Flying 
Dutchman, Bay Middleton, Wliisker, Whalebone, Saltram, Sir Peter, and 
Diomed, while he is collaterally related to several others. Principal 
Performances. 1888. Won the Brocklesby Stakes at Lincoln, the 
Portland Stakes (worth 6000 sovs.) at Leicester, the New Stakes at 
Ascot, the Hurstbourne Stakes at Stockbridge, the July Stakes at 
Newmarket, the Ham Stakes at Goodwood, the Buckenham Stakes, the 
Hopeful Stakes, the Middle Park Plate, and the Dewhurst Plate at 
NeA\a"Qarket. 1889. Won the Prince of Wales' Stakes at Leicester (value 
11,000/.). Beaten a head by Enthusiast for the Two Thousand Guineas, 
with Pioneer and Miguel close up. This form was palpably all wrong ; 
but why, it is difficult to say. Won the Newmarket Stakes, the Derby, 



Famons Horsesr 361 

the Prince of Wales' Stakes at Ascot (carrying the extreme penalty of 
101b.), the Doncaster St. Leg-er, the Lancashire Phite at Manchester, and 
the Eoyal Stakes at Newmarket. During his two and three -year- old 
career, Donovan won in stakes alone no less than 55,154/. lO-y. His 
career at the stud will be watched with interest, his breeding (on the 
dam's side) being better than that of St. Simon (the latter being a double- 
dyed Bhicklock), whilst his conformation is faultless, and his performances 
most l)rilliant and varied. 

AIVIPHION, a golden chestnut son of Speculum or Rosebery (probably 
the latter ; but, in either case, the blood is much the same, Rosebery 
being a son of Speculum), — Suicide by Hermit, — Ratcatcher's Daughter 
by Rataplan, was foaled in 188G. Amphion had no very special engage- 
ments, and the classic events were considered quite beyond him, although 
he afterwards proved himself to be one of the very best horses of modern 
times. He was a strongly built, powerful, and lengthy colt, with a beauty 
of outline that is seldom excelled in a racehorse, and a marvellous length 
of stride. Principal Performances. 1888. Won the Champagne Stakes 
at Stockbridge, and the Great Kingston Two-Year-Old Stakes at Sandown. 
1889. Won the Jubilee Stakes at Kempton Park, and the Fernhill Stakes 
and New Biennial at Ascot. Goodwood (8st. 131b. up) : Second for the 
Stewards' Cup, a splendid performance. IS 90. Won the Hardwicke 
Stakes at Ascot easily, giving 161b. to both Surefoot and Sainfoin, the 
winners, respectively, of the Two Thousand Guineas and Derby. 
Manchester : Won the Lancashire Plate. 

ENTHUSIAST, a chestnut son of Sterling, — Cherry Duchess by The 
Duke, — Mirella by Gemma-di-Vergy (son of Sir Hercules), — Lady Roden 
by West Australian, w^as foaled in 1886. Principal Performances. 1888. 
Newmarket : Second for both the Criterion Stakes and the Middle Park 
Plate. 1889. Newmarket: Won the Two Thousand Guineas, beating 
Donovan a head. 85 — .20 on Donovan, 25 — 1 against Enthusiast. 
Unplaced for both the Derby and the St. Leger won by Donovan. 

L'ABBESSE DE JOUARRE, a black dau. of Trappist (by Hermit),— 
Festive by Carnival, — Piercy by Atherstone, — Fair Agnes by Voltigeur, 
was foaled in 1886, and won the Oaks of 1889, beating Minthe by a neck. 

Ml NTH E, a bay dau. of Camballo, — Mintsauce (dam of Minting and 
The Lambkin) by Young Melbourne, was bred by Mr. Vyner in 1886. 
Principal Performances. 1888. Ran several times unsuccessfully. 1889. 
Newnnarket : Won the One Thousand Guineas. Epsom : Beaten a neck 
by L'Abbesse de Jouarre for the Oaks. Doncaster : Won the Park Hill 
Stakes. 




SAINFOIN. 

(From a photograph bj- H. E. Sherbovn.) 



SAINFOIN, a chestnut son of Springfield, — Sanda by Wenlock, — 
Sandal by Stockwell, — Lady Evelyn by Don John, was bred in the 
Royal Paddocks, at Hampton Court, in 1887 ; and purchased as a 
yearling by Mr. John Porter for 800 guineas. Sainfoin stood fifteen 
hands "three inches high. Principal Performances. 1889. Upon his 
only appearance in public as a two-year-old Sainfoin, though hardly 
up to the mark in condition, and ridden by a stable boy, won the 
Astley Stakes at Lewes somewhat easily. 1890. Sandown : Won the 
Esher Stakes. Sainfoin was now purchased by Sir James MiUer for 
6000 guineas and contingencies. Chester: Won the Dee Stakes. 
Epsom : Won the Derby. This race will long be remembered for the 
unexpected defeat of Surefoot, who had w^on the Two Thousand Gruineas 
very easily. After rounding Tattenham Corner, Watts always held a 
good position with Sainfoin ; and, taking the lead just below the 
distance, he won cleverly by three-quarters of a length, the queer- 
tempered Le Nord being second, a neck only in front of Orwell. 



Famous TTorfiPS. 363 

Ascot : Second to Ampliion for the Hardwicke Stakes — 1^ miles — with 
Siu'efoot again behind. Doncaster : Unplaced for the St. Leger. 

lYIEIYIOIR (own sister to La Fleche), a brown dau. of St. Simon, — 
Quiver hy Yonuo- Melbourne, — Brown Bess by Camel, was bred at 
the Royal Paddocks, Hampton Court, in 1887. Standing just sixteen 
hands, Memoir resembled very considerably her younger sister, the 
peerless La Fleche, each having the same slightly hollowed back, well 
arched ribs, and sloping shoulders. Memoir was one of a trio of fillies 
foaled to St. Simon in his very first season at the stud, the other two 
being those speedy young ladies Signorina and Semolina. Principal 
Performances. 1889. Memoir ran but indifferently as a two-year-old, 
but she made great improvement during tlie ensuing winter. 1890. 
Newmarket : Second to Semolina for the One Thousand Gruineas. As 
the race was run Memoir could have won easily ; but the Duke of 
Portland had declared to win with Semolina. Newmarket : Won the 
Newmarket Stakes. Epsom : Won the Oaks, the field including 
Signorina, who was, however, but a shadow of her former self, owing 
to a wasting illness. Goodwood : Won the Nassau Stakes. Doncaster : 
Won the St. Leger. Memoir's preparation had been interrupted to a 
considerable extent ; and the race itself was a chapter of accidents. 

SUREFOOT, a bay son of Wisdom, — a dau. of Galopin, — Miss Foote 
by Orlando, — Grossamer by Birdcatcher, — Cast Steel by Whisker, was 
foaled in 1887. Principal Performances. 1889. Epsom : Won the 
Woodcote Stakes. Ascot : Won the New Stakes. Groodwood : Won the 
Findon Stakes. 1890. Newmarket: Won the Two Thousand Gruineas, 
Le Nord second. Epsom : Unplaced for the Derby. During the race 
Surefoot endeavoured to savage Rathbeal ; and Liddiard was blamed for 
not going to the front with him earlier in the race ; but the fact was 
Surefoot could not stay much over a mile, although he showed really 
brilliant form at that distance. 

SEIYIOLINA, a very small brown dau. of St. Simon, — Mowerina (dam 
also of Donovan) by Scottish Chief), was bred by the Duke of 
Portland in 1887. Principal Performances. 1889. Semolina was 
almost invincible as a two-year-old ; and carried everything before her 
until she failed to carry a heavy weight successfully over the trying 
course at Leicester. 1890. Newmarket : Won the One Thousand 
Gruineas. 




COMMUN. 
(Painted by M. Emil Adam, and reproduced by permission from a photo by Messrs. Franz Hanfstaengl.) 

COIVIIYION, a whole brown son of Isonomy, — Thistle (dam also of 
Throstle and Groldfinch) by Scottish Chief (son of Lord of the Isles), — 
Flower Safety by Wild Dayrell, — Nettle by Sweetmeat, — Wasp by 
Muley Moloch, — a dau. of Emilius, was bred by Sir Frederick Johnstone 
in 1888. Standing over sixteen hands, and built altogether on a large 
scale. Common was not hurried in his training, and did not appear in 
public at all as a two-year- old. Principal Performances. 1891. Upon 
his first appearance Common won the Two Thousand Gruineas easily, 
Orvieto second, Peter Flower third. Epsom : Won the Derby easily, 
in very heavy going, the field including Grouverneur, The Deemster, and 
Peter Flower, &c. Ascot : Won the St. James' Palace Stakes. Sandown : 
Beaten for the Eclipse Stakes by the erratic Surefoot and Gouverneur, 
after a close race ; Grouverneur being in receipt of 31b., with Memoir and 
Orion also in the field. Doncaster : Won the St. Leger by a length, 
after ha^dng to be hard ridden for the last half-mile, Eeverend, St. Simon 
of the Pock, and Bosphorus all being close ujd. This was Common's last 



Faiiiot(.s Horses. 365 

appearance on a racecourse ; and, during- the ensuing winter, he was 
purchased by Sir J. Blundell Maple for 15,000/. Common was just a 
sound useful horse in a very moderate year, but scarcely entitled in point 
of merit to anything like an equal position with the other wearers of the 
" triple crown " — West Australian, Gladiateur, Lord Lyon, Ormonde, 
and Isinglass. 

lYIIIVIl, a bay dan. of Barcaldine, — a dau. of Lord Lyon, — Sadie by 
Voltigeur, — Julia by Launcelot, — Miss Nancy by Cain, was foaled in 
1888. Principal Performances. 1891. Newmarket: Won the One 
Thousand Gruineas easily, and the Newmarket Stakes, the field including 
Melody (second), Orion, Peter Flower, and Orvieto. Epsom : Won the 
Oaks in a canter, Corstorphine second. Doncaster : Not placed for the 
St. Leger won by Common. Newmarket : Won the Zetland Stakes. 

ORVIETO, a raking bay son of Bend Or, — Napoli by Macaroni, — 
Sunshine by Thormanby, — Sunbeam by Chanticleer, was foaled in 1888. 
Orvieto had great length of fore -hand and quarter, and stood over a deal 
of ground. His action was best suited to a hill. Principal Performances. 
1891. Newmarket: Second to Common for the Two Thousand Guineas. 
Ascot (9st. lib.) : Beaten a head by Melody (8st. 91b.) for the Prince of 
Wales' Stakes. Newmarket : Won the Midsummer Plate. Goodwood : 
Won the Sussex Stakes in a canter. York : Won the Great Yorkshire 
Stakes. Doncaster : Won the Doncaster Stakes. Newmarket : Won 
the Newmarket St. Leger, the Newmarket Derby, and the Free 
Handicap. 

ORION, a chestnut son of Bend Or, — Shotover (winner of the Two 
Thousand Guineas and Derby of 1882) by Hermit, was foaled in 1888. 
Principal Performances. 1890. Newmarket: Won the Buckenham 
Stakes. Goodwood : Won the Ham Stakes, and the Prince of 
Wales' Stakes. Newmarket : Won the Champion Stakes, the field 
including Memoir, Mimi, St. Serf, and Orvieto. Twelve thousand 
guineas were refused for Orion. 1891. Early this year Orion met with 
a slight accident ; but at Newmarket, in October, he won the Champion 
Stakes, the held including Signorina, who just previously had won the 
Lancashire Plate, in which she defeated Orme. 




ORME 
(Painted by M. Emil Adam, and reproduced by permission from a photo by Messrs. Franz Hanfstaengl.) 

ORIYIE, a bay son of Ormonde, — Angelica (sister to St. Simon) by 
Gralopin, was bred by the Duke of Westminster at Eaton Hall in 
1889. While the sire of Orme was one of the two greatest horses 
of the century, his dam (Angelica) was sister to the other. The 
conformation of Orme indicated speed, and it is very doubtful indeed 
whether he could get more than a mile and a quarter comfortably. 
Principal Performances. 1891. Groodwood : Won the Richmond Stakes 
and the Prince of Wales' Stakes. Manchester : Beaten half-a-length by 
Signorina for the Lancashire Plate, Orme having the worst of the 
luck in the race. Newmarket : Won the Middle Park Plate easily. 
Also won the Dewhurst Plate, and the Home-bred Foal Stakes. 1892. 
In the spring Orme went completely wrong from some unexplained cause, 
and was withdi-awn from both the Two Thousand Gruineas and Derby. 
He won the Eclipse Stakes at Sandown, however, after a good race with 
Orvieto ; and carried off the Sussex Stakes at Groodwood after a severe 
struggle with Watercress ; but failed to get a place in the race for 



Famous Horses. 367 

the Doncaster St. Leger. Up to this time it is probable that Orme 
had not fully recovered from his illness of the spring. At Newmarket, 
in the autumn, he won the Grreat Foal Stakes ; the Champion Stakes, 
beating Orvieto ; and the Limekiln Stakes, giving 91b. to El Diablo, with 
Sir Hugo and Orvieto also in the field. 1898. Ascot : Won the Eons 
Memorial. Sandown : Won the valuable Eclipse Stakes for the second 
time, the field including La Fleche. Groodwood : Won tbe Gordon 
Stakes, beating La Fleche (in receipt of 71b.) by a neck, with Watercress 
beaten six lengths. 

LA F LEG HE, (sister to Memoir), a good Yorkshire brown dan. of 
St. Simon, standing about fifteen hands two inches high, was bred at 
the Eoyal Stud, at Hampton Court, in 1889, and sold in 1890 to Baron 
Hirsch for 5000 guineas, a price very considerably higher than any 
previously given for a yearling. La Fleche, though somewhat shelly and 
light of bone, was gifted with the beautiful greyhound-like action with 
which the St. Simons are generally endowed, and a grander mover, when 
fully extended, has seldom graced the Turf. Principal Performances. 
1891. Newmarket : Won the Chesterfield Stakes. Groodwood: Won the 
Lavant and Molecomb Stakes. Doncaster : Won the Champagne Stakes. 
189.2. Newmarket: Won the One Thousand Gruineas easily. Epsom: 
Beaten three parts of a length by Sir Hugo for the Derby. La Fleche 
was evidently not herself at this time ; as, two days afterwards, she 
had considerable difficulty in winning the Oaks, such a moderate animal 
as The Smew runnuig her to a short head. La Fleche was a shy 
feeder when away from home. Groodwood : Won the Nassau Stakes. 
Doncaster : Won the St. Leger easily, the field including Sir Hugo 
(second), Orme, and Watercress. Manchester : Won the Lancashire 
Plate. Newmarket : Won the (Irand Duke Michael Stakes and the 
Newmarket Oaks. Won the Cambridgeshire easily with 8st. 101b. in the 
saddle. 1893. Won the Liverpool Autumn Cup. 1894. Ascot: Won 
the Grold Cup. Newmarket: Won the Champion Stakes. 

SIR HUGO, a chestnut son of Wisdom, — Manoeu\Te by Lord Clifden, — 
C^uick March by Rataplan, — (^ui Vive by Voltigeur, — Mrs. Eidgway by 
Birdcatcher, was foaled in 1889. Principal Performances. 1892. 
Epsom : Won the Derby, La Fleche second. Doncaster : Second to 
La Fleche for the St. Leger. 1893. Newmarket: Won the Biennial 
easily. His last race. 

BON AVISTA, a brown son of Bend Or, — Vista by Macaroni, — Verdure 
by King Tom, was foaled in 1889 ; and won the Two Thousand Gruineas 
of 189.2, St. Angelo second. Curio third. 




ISINGLASS. 
(Painted liy M. Eniil Adam, and reproduced by permission from a photo liy Messrs. Franz Hanfstaengl.) 

ISINGLASS, a lengthy and well-balanced briglit bay son of Isonomy, — 
Deadlock by Wenlock, — Malpractice by Chevalier d'Industrie, — Dutch- 
man's Daughter by The Flying Dutchman, — Eed Eose by Eubini (son 
of St. Patrick), — Sweetbriar, was bred by Mr. McCalmont in 1890. 
Deadlock (the dam of Isinglass) had been such a persistent failure at the 
stud that she was looked upon as worthless, and was put to draught 
purposes ; until Mr. McCalmont, taking a fancy to her, purchased her for 
20/. Standing a shade over sixteen hands, and lean and somewhat light- 
framed, Isinglass, perhaps the handsomest son of Isonomy, is gifted with 
perfect manners, though lazy, and said to be somewhat tricky in the 
stable. His action is of the long sweeping type, and his hind leverage 
enormous, while his speed and stamina are most pronounced. Principal 
Performances. 1892. Isinglass won the New Stakes at Ascot, and the 
Middle Park Plate, both in very easy fashion, Eavensbury, Le Nicham, 
and Eaeburn being his immediate followers in the latter. In 1893 he 
carried the scarlet and light blue quarterings of Mr. McCalmont first past 
the post for the Two Thousand Gruineas, the Newmarket Stakes, the 
Derby, and St. Leger, the unfortunate Eavensbury being the runner-up 



Famom Horses. 3G9 

on each occasion. Mancliester Septeml)iM- -. Failed to give lOlb. to 
Raeburn over tlie Ir.uicasliire Plate course, La Fleclie being third, 
liaebnrn was a smart horse when well, and this was abont the right form. 
189-1.. Newmarket July (lOst. ;ilb.) : Won the Princess of Wales' Stakes 
by a head only from Bullingdon (Sst. 131b.), after a desperate race, with 
Ladas (Ost. 51b.) beaten three lengths away, and St. Florian, Ravensbury, 
Priestholme, and llaeljurn also in the field. The aggregate value of 
these horses was estimated to have been at the time 7 5, ()()() guineas. 
Priestholme cut out the running at such a terrific pace that the whole 
field, himself included, were soon beaten. Isinglass appeared to be in 
difficulties soon after half the journey had been completed ; but Loates 
never relaxed his efforts, plying the whip freely, and the son of Isonomy 
struggled on with indomitable courage, though Bullingdon, in spite of 
havinsr been somewhat interfered with, would have won had the race been 
a stride or two further. Time, Imin. 4Sfsec., which is slow, the 
record time for a mile being Imin. 85^sec. Sandown Park : Won the 
Eclipse Stakes. " Ladas, passing Ravensbury, challenged Isinglass, and 
a loud shout went up in his favour, as Loates at once commenced to ride 
hard. For the remainder of the distance both Derby winners were called 
upon to do their level best ; but the last hundred yards of that tiring 
ascent saw the brilliant challenge of Ladas die out ; and Isinglass, 
retaining his advantage, won by a length." Watts afterwards 
acknowledged that " the best horse won ; " and Jewitt had no anxiety 
as to the result, coolly remarking during the race, — " It's all right ; they 
don't know what they are taking on this time." It is a long time since 
we had such a four-year-old as Isinglass ; and he is certainly a horse to 
be proud of. 

lYIRS. BUTTERWICK, a small bay dan. of St. Simon,— Miss Middle- 
wick by Scottish Chief, — Violet by Thormanby, was foaled in 
1890. Principal Performances. 1898. After comparatively moderate 
antecedents, Mrs. Butterwick unexpectedly won the Oaks, Tressure being 
second, and Cy|ma third. 1894. Northampton: Won Earl Spencer's 
Plate. 

SIFFLEUSE, a dark chestnut dan. of Saraband (by Muncaster), — 
Assay by Sterling, — Lady Highthorn by Stock well, — Lady Elizabeth 
by Sleight of Hand, was foaled in 1890. Principal Performances. 
1893. Newmarket : Won the One Thousand Gruineas by a head from 
Dame President, with Tressure third. York : Won the Yorkshire Oaks. 
Doncaster (71b. extra) : Second for the Park Hill Stakes, won in a canter 
by Self Sacrifice. 

B B 




j;, ,■.,!., I /,„ i-:iiiil A, III, II. 



((•„,, I,, M/M /-,, Frnir. ll,n,Jsln.i,,il, 18—,) 
LADAS (j. WATTS UP). MR. MATTHEW DAWSON. 

(Paintei! by M. Eniil Adam, and reprodaee;!, by permission, from a photo by Messrs. Franz Hanf&taengl.) 



LADAS, a wliole-coloured dark bay, or bro^ai, son of Hampton,^ — 
Illiiminata (dam of Kinsky) by Rosicrncian, — Paraffin by Blair Athol, — 
Paradigm (dam of Lord Lyon and Achievement), was bred by the Earl 
of Rosebery in 1S9L Standing over sixteen hands, and of exceptional 
length and quality, Ladas, in his fore-hand, decidedly favours the 
Rosicrucian family ; but his hind quarters, together with his immense 
stride and light and smooth style of going, remind one of the Lord 
Clifden line of Newminster. Principal Performances. 1893. Owing to 
his never having been tried, Ladas, upon his first appearance in public, 
in the Woodcote Stakes, started at 10 — 1, winning, however, very easily, 
Glare being the best of his opponents. Ascot : Won the Coventry 
Stakes, the field including Bullingdon and Arcano. Doncaster : Won the 
Champagne Stakes. Newmarket : Won the Middle Park Plate by two 
lengths, Jocasta second. 1894. Newmarket: Won the Two Thousand 
Guineas. " Matchbox, under pressure, assumed the lead below the 
Bushes ; but Ladas, pulling over him, dashed to the front as they entered 



Famoiif< Jlori^ox. 871 

the Abingdon Mile bottom ; and, gamely tbough Matchbox struggled, 
the son of Illuminata won by a length and a half, amidst a roar of 
enthusiasm, and in a style unapproached since the victory of Macgregor." 
It is said that, at this time, Matthew Dawson considered Ladas to be 
the best horse he had ever had under his care ; and such a good judge 
as Mr. Henry Chaplin stated that he had never seen a finer animal. 
Newmarket : Won the Newmarket Stakes. Epsom : Won the Derby. 
" Below the distance. Matchbox, gamely answering to the call of Morny 
Cannon, put Ladas fairly on his mettle ; and, once on terms. Cannon 
rode in desperate earnest, AYatts, meanwhile, sitting unmoved on Ladas ; 
until, under pressure, Matchbox began to hold his own, and even to 
forge slightly ahead Then, as in the Guineas, Watts called upon Ladas ; 
and, in half-a-dozen strides, the verdict was placed beyond doubt." 
Reminder was third, and Bullingdon unplaced. Newmarket July : 
Prince of AVales' Stakes. " Long before reaching the foot of the hill, 
Ladas (9st. 51b.) was beaten, and fainted away to nothing all the way 
up ; or, rather, never made the semblance of an effort." AVatts remarked 
afterwards that Ladas " wouldn't gallop." Sandown Park : Eclipse 
Stakes. Beaten again by Isinglass. "From the distance it was a fair trial 
between the two Derby winners ; but Isinglass, retaining the advantage 
he had gained, passed the post a length in front, with Ravensbury 
beaten three lengths from Ladas, and Throstle and Eaeburn unplaced. 
Doncaster : Second to Throstle for the St. Leger, Matchbox third, 
Amiable fourth. 

MATCHBOX, a bay son of St. Simon,— Matchgirl by Plebeian,— 
Fusee (dam of St. Blaise) by Marsyas, was bred by Sir Frederick 
Johnstone in 1891. " Standing fully sixteen hands, and of rare length 
and libei-ty, with perfect temper and action. Matchbox is of quite a 
different type to the general run of the St. Simons. He is perhaps a 
trifle flat-sided; but in all other respects the model of a high-class 
racehorse." Principal Performances. 1893. Won the Great Produce 
Stakes at Kempton, and the Dewdiurst Plate. 1894. Second to Ladas 
for both the Two Thousand and Derby. Goodwood : Won the Sussex 
Stakes. Beaten for the Doncaster St. Leger by both Throstle and 
Ladas. Newmarket Second October : Won the Lowther Stakes, beating 
Ravensbury and Greyleg. 



B B 2 



pio 




THROSTLE. 

(From a photo by Mr. C. Hailey, of Ordnance-road, St. John's Wood.) 

THROSTLE, a bay dau. of Petrarch, — Thistle (dam also of Common 
and Goldfinch) by Scottish Chief, was bred by Lord Alington, and foaled 
at Welbeck in 1891. Standing just under sixteen hands, Throstle is a 
fine raking filly ; but of a most peculiar temperament. When foaled, a 
film covered her eyes ; and, remaining in this condition for three months. 
Lord Alington at one time thought of having her destroyed. She was 
afterwards given away ; but the intended recipient not thinking it worth 
while to send for her, she remained in the Kingsclere stable. Principal 
Performances. 1893. Troubled very much with splints, Throstle only 
ran thrice as a two-year-old, her best attempt being to run second to 
Speed for the Chesterfield Stakes at Newmarket. 1894. Punning 
disappointingly in the One Thousand Gruineas, it was not thought worth 
while to send her to Epsom for the Oaks. In the Coronation Stakes she 
only just got the best of the moderate Eoyal Victoria, with Amiable, who 
was actually giving 2()lb., beaten only three lengths; and in the Eclipse 
Stakes she had Isinglass, Ladas, and Eavensbury in front of her. 
Although Throstle won the Nassau Stakes at Groodwood easily, it was 
reported that she had turned jady and had taken to bolting while at 



Famous Horses. 373 

exercise, so tliat lier j^rice at tlie start for tlie St. Leger was 50 — 1, her 
mission being merely to make running for Matchbox, the stable being of 
opinion that she could not stay more than a mile and a quarter. Abso- 
lutely refusing to go to the front, she actually dropped back last ; but, 
nearing the Eed House, Mornington Cannon persuaded her to go up to the 
leaders. Shortly afterwards, however, she appeared beaten; and had to 
be pulled out in order to avoid striking into the heels of Ladas. Waking 
up suddenly, however, the mare was all life and fire ; and her long, low 
stride and superior stamina (now so evident) quickly telling, she finally won 
a most remarkably run race by three- quarters of a length from Ladas ; 
Amiable, beaten two lengths, being third; the time, 3min. 1 If sec, being 
the fastest on record. In the Jockey Club Stakes at Newmarket, 
Throstle bolted out of the course when half a mile had been covered. It 
would seem just possible that she had never quite recovered her sight, and 
that a wide expanse such as that of Newmarket Heath rendered her 
nervous and upset her altogether; while, on the other hand, she would 
perform brilliantly on a railed-in course ; and her record, both in public 
and private, would seem to bear out this supposition. At Kempton Park, 
in the Duke of York Stakes, Cannon kept her on the inside all the way ; 
with the result, however, that when he attempted to get through, he was 
hopelessly shut in, and could only finish fourth. In the Selection Stakes 
at Sandown, Best Man, Avington, and Throstle (in blinkers) ran a splendid 
race at weight for age, half a length and a neck only separating the three 
at the finish. Three furlongs from home. Throstle appeared quite out of 
it, and did not seem to be doing her best ; but she was drawing closer to 
Avington at every stride in the last hundred yards. 

AMIABLE, a bay dau. of St. Simon,— Tact by Wisdom,— Enigma by 
The Ptake (son of Wild Dayrell), — The Sphynx by Newminster, — 
Madame Stodare by Sleight of Hand, — Sister to Leconfield, was bred by 
the Duke of Portland in 1891. Principal Performances. 1893. The 
form of Amiable as a two-year-old was, like Throstle's, not particularly 
brilliant. 1894. Newmarket: Won the One Thousand Guineas. 
Epsom: Won the Oaks. "A quarter of a mile from home La Nievre 
coUapsed in half-a-dozen strides ; and when, below the distance, Sweet 
Duchess shot out a 'turn-up' seemed in store; but Amiable, rapidly 
overhauling the leaders, ultimately won by three-quarters of a length, 
making the fourth winner of the Oaks to the credit of St. Simon within 
the last five years." During this season Amiable was afflicted with very 
pronounced stringhalt in both hind legs, which evidently, however, did 
not interfere with her action when galloping. 

B B b 




SIR VISTO. 
(Photo by W. A. Houch, Jtil, Strand, W.C.) 



SIR VISTO, a son of Barealdine, — Vista (winner of the Great 
Metropolitan of 18S3, and dam also of Bonavista and Velasquez) by 
Macaroni, was bred by the Earl of Rosebery at Mentniore. A bay with 
black points, and standing- fully sixteen hands. Sir Visto possessed fine 
length and liberty of action, with, as Mr. Peck remarked at Epsom, "the 
best shoulders, fore-ribs, and heart-room seen for many a day " ; but he 
required time to settle down in his races, and, therefore, did not show to 
advantage in short spins. Principal Performances. 1894. Sir Visto did 
not shine as a two-year-old, not being thoroughly wound up, and starting 
but twice. 1895. Finished third for both Two Thousand Guineas and 
Newmarket Stakes. Won the Derby. Brought up with a rush by Sam 
Loates, Sir Visto snatched the verdict from Curzon and Kirkconnel, thus 
enabling Lord Rosebery to achieve the rare distinction of winning the 
Derby in two successive years. Sir Visto was the first direct descendant 
of the Godolphin Barb to win the Derby since the victory of Blink Bonny 



Fanxju-s Horses. 37'3i5 

in 1S57. Matthew Dawson, the trainer of both Ladas and Sir Visto, 
considered the former to be fully 141b. the better horse. Curzon, who 
finished second for the Derby, rapidly deteriorated until he finally became 
but a most indifferent selling-plater. In 181)6 Sir A'isto ran five times 
without scorino' a win. 

KIRKCONNEL, a bay son of Eoyal Hampton, — Sweet Sauce by Blair 
Athol, — Trieste by Plum Pudding, — Trireme by lago, — the AVarwick 
mare by Ardrossan, was bred by Lady Stamford, and sold at the annual 
sale of the Park Paddock yearlings to Mr. W. Cooper for 520 guineas. 
Royal Hampton was a son of Hampton, — Princess by King Tom,- — Mrs. 
Lincoln by North Lincoln, — a dau. of Bay Middleton, — West Country 
Lass by Venison. North Lincoln was by Pylades, — Cherokee. A bay 
without white, save for a tiny star on the forehead, and standing fifteen 
three, Kirkconnel was an excellent specimen of the low, level type of 
thoroughbred. His perfectly placed shoulders indicated great speed, 
while behind the saddle it was impossible to find a fault. Unfortunately, 
however, he was of an extremely unreliable temperament. Principal 
Performances. 1894. Won the July and Lavant Stakes. At the 
Newmarket December Sales, Kirkconnel was purchased, with his engage- 
ments, by Sir J. Blundell Maple, for 5()0U guineas. 1895. AVon the 
Two Thousand Guineas. Nearing the winning post. Sir A^isto gradually 
lost ground ; and Kirkconnel, who ran in blinkers, challenging Laveno, 
stayed the race out well, and won by a length. Isinglass and Kirkconnel 
each covered the Eowley Alile, in their Two Thousand Guineas races, in 
Imin. 42fsec., this being, so far, record time, the previous best time, 
Imin. 43sec., having been made by Diophantus in 18G1. In 1897, 
however, Galtee More again beat the record, covering the course in 
Imin. lOfsec, while in 1900 Diamond Jubilee won in Imin. 41fsec. 
In 1896 Kirkconnel ran five times ; and, like Sir Visto, unsuccessfully on 
each occasion. 

LA SAG ESSE, a bay dau. of AA^isdom, — St. Mary by Hermit, — 
Adelaide by Young Alelbourne, — a dau. of Teddington, — Alaid of Alasham 
by Don John, won the Oaks of 1895. 

GALEOTTIA. a bay dau. of Galopin, — Agave by Springfield, — AVood 
Anemone by King of the Forest, — Crocus by Thormanby, — Sunflower by 
Bay Aliddleton, won the One Thousand Guineas of 1895. King of the 
Forest was by Scottish Chief, — Lioness by Fandango. Both Galeottia 
and La Sagesse had run very indifferently as two-year-olds. 



B ii 4 




From a i'uiiitdiy by (Japtam Adam Jones. 



PERSIMMON (j. WATTS UP). 



PERSIIYIIYION (brother to Diamond Jubilee and Florizel), a bay son of 
St. Simon, — Perdita II. by Hampton,— Hermione by Young Melbourne, — 
La Belle Helene by St. Albans, — Teterrima by Voltigeui-, — Ellen Mid- 
dleton, was bred by H.E.H. tlie Prince of Wales. Principal Performances. 
1895. Won the Coventry and Richmond Stakes. 1896. Won the Derby. 
Soon after turning into the straight, St. Frusquin, shaking off Bay 
Ponald, drew out ; but was at once challenged by Persimmon, the pair 
drawing rapidly away from the rest of the runners ; and the excitement 
became intense when it was evident that the Prince's horse was gaining 
on his opponent. A hundred yards from home the bearer of the Royal 
colours got his head in front ; and, stalling off the efforts of St. Frusquin, 
carried the purple and scarlet and gold in triumph past the post, a neck 
in front of the blue and yellow of Baron Rothschild. The scene that 
ensued defies description, the enthusiasm being boundless ; and the climax 
was reached when the Prince of Wales, hat in hand, walked into the 



F(niio//>i TTorscs. 373d 

centre of the square formed outside the saddling paddock, and, with 
beaming countenance, led his colt to the door of the weighing room. 
Persimmon having also won the St. Leger, finished up his three-year-old 
season by defeating the winners of the Two Thousand, Derby, and St. 
Leger of 1895 in the race for the Jockey Club Stakes. The Ascot Gold 
Cup of 1896 was won by Isinglass. In 1897 Persimmon won the Eclipse 
Stakes, defeating Velasquez ; Watts, however, having to ride the Prince's 
horse for some little distance for all he was worth. The career of 
Persimmon at the stud opened in the most brilliant fashion ; as, at the 
Newmarket July Sales of 1900, his yearling filly out of Ornament realised 
the marvellous price of 10,000 guineas, the previous record price for a 
yearling filly being the 4500 guineas given for La Fleche in 1890. 

ST. FRUSQUIN, a brown son of St. Simon, — Isabel by Plebeian, — 
Parma by Parmesan, — Archeress by Longbow, - Fingle by Slane, — 
Vibration, was bred by Baron Rothschild. Plebeian was a son of 
Joskin, — Queen Elizabeth by Autocrat, — Bay Rosalind by Orlando, — 
Elopement. Joskin was a son of West Australian, — Peasant (lirl by 
The Major, — Glance. Autocrat was by Bay Middleton, — Empress. 
Principal Performances of St. Frusquin. 1895. Won the Middle 
Park Plate (defeating the speedy Omladina and Persimmon) and the 
Dewhurst Plate. 1890. Won the Two Thousand Guineas. Beaten a 
neck by Persimmon in the Derby. In the Prince of Wales' Stakes at 
the Newmarket July Meeting, St. Frusquin, with a 31b. pull in the 
weights, defeated his Epsom conqueror by half a length, the winners of 
the Two Thousand, Derby, and St. Leger of 1895 being unplaced. 
St. Frusquin also won the Eclipse Stakes, this being his final appearance 
on the Turf. 

CANTERBURY PILGRIIYI, a chestnut dau. of Tristan (by Hermit),— 
Pilgrimage by The Palmer, was bred by the Duchess of Montrose ; 
and, at the break up of the Sefton Stud, was purchased by Lord Stanley, 
acting probably for the Earl of Derby, for 1800gs. Principal Perform- 
ances. 1895. Being backward ran indifferently. 1890. Won the Oaks, 
Park Hill Stakes, Liverpool Cup, and Jockey Club Cup. 

THAIS, a brown dau. of St. Serf (by St. Simon, — Ferula by Tlior- 
manby, — Woodbine), — Poetry by Petrarch, — Music by Stockwell, was 
bred by H.E.H. the Prince of Wales. Principal Performances. 1895. 
Ran but moderately. 1896. Won the One Thousand Guineas, Santa 
Maura, beaten a head, being second. Thais retired from tlie Turf at the 
end of her three-year-old season. 




Ffom a Painting ?ii/ Ca^itain Adam Jones. 



GALTEE MORE. 



GALTEE MORE, u Ijay son of Kendal (hy Bend Or,— AVindermere by 
Macaroni, — Miss Agnes by Birdcatcher), — Morganette (for whom 
Mr. Gubbins gave bnt the trifle of £50) by Springfield,— Lady Morgan 
l)y Thormanby,^ — -Morgan La Faye by Cowl, — Miami, was bi-ed in 
Ireland. Of great size, but without an atom of lumber; of high courage, 
but with a beautifully equitable temperament, Galtee More was one of 
the finest horses seen for many a year. Principal Performances. LS96. 
Won the Middle Park Plate by six lengths from Yelasquez, this being 
the only defeat of the latter as a two-year-old. 1897. Won the Two 
Thousand Guineas in a common canter. Time, Imin. 40fsec., the fastest 
on record. After the race an offer of £25,000 for Galtee More was 
refused. With the Newmarket Stakes but an exercise canter for the son 
of Kendal, the Derby resolved itself into a match more than a quarter of 
a mile from home ; and, although Velasquez ran his race out bravely to 
the end, he signally failed to disturb Galtee More, who won easily. At 
the start for the Doncaster St. Leger, 10 — 1 was laid on the Derby 
winner. Goletta, fighting for her head, made the greater part of the 



Famous Horses. 373r 

rimninc^, but gave way ere the distance was reached ; and Galtee More, 
whom Wood had been driving with liis hands, assuming the command, 
was challenged by both St. Cloud and Silver Fox, Chelandry also 
shooting np on the right, and an exciting race ensued, Graltee More 
ultimately winning a falsely run race by three-quarters of a length from 
Chelandry, with St. Cloud and Silver Tox close up. In May, 1898, 
Galtee ]\I()re was sold to the Russian Government for £.21,000. 

VELASQUEZ, a whole-coloured bay son of Donovan, — Vista (dam of 
Bonavista and Sir A^isto) by Macaroni, was bred by the Earl of liosebery 
at Mentmore. Principal Performances. 1890. Won the July, Prince of 
Wales', and Doncaster Champagne Stakes. IS97. Velasquez was 
unfortunate in having to meet in the principal races a horse of such 
exceptional merit as Galtee More ; but he finished up his three-year-old 
season by carrying off the Champion Stakes. 

CHELANDRY, a wiry bay dau. of Goldfinch (by Ormonde, — Common's 
dam), — Illuminata (dam of Ladas), was bred by the Earl of Posebery. 
Principal Performances. Is 90. Won the Woodcote and other important 
Stakes. 1897. Won the One Thousand Guineas easily in the fast time 
of Imin. 42|sec., Galatia being second, and Goletta third ; but was only 
a moderate second in the Oaks to the staying Limasol. In the St. Leger 
Chelandry ran a good race with Galtee More, though her forward position 
was probably due to the fact of the race being run at a false pace. 

LIIVIASOL, a chestnut dau. of Poulet (a son of Peut-etre, — Printanniere 
by Chattanooga, — Summerside by West Australian) — that sterling stayer 
Queen of Cyprus by King Tom, — Cypriana by Epirus, — the famous 
Cyprian by Partisan, ran but moderately in 1890, but won the Oaks of 
1897 in most decisive style, defeating the winner of the One Thousand 
Guineas, Chelandry, by three lengths. Time, .2min. 45sec. 

It was in the autumn of 1897 that the famous American jockey, 
Tod Sloan, made his sensational drbfft on the English Turf, riding almost 
straight along his horse's neck, with his hands close to the bit, a very 
short stirrup, and the saddle more forward than usual, so that the weight 
is thrown on the horse's withers. His success was phenomenal, especially 
when riding in the face of strong winds. Other American jockeys, riding 
in the same style, rode in England during the seasons immediately 
following, their record of wins during the year 1900 being of an extra- 
ordinary character. American trainers, too, evinced great skill, many 
animals transferred to their care from English stables showing- immense 
improvement in form. 




CTLLENE (S. LOATES UP). 

(Photo by C. Ilailey, Newmarket.) 

CYLLENE, a light wiry chestnut, of exquisite quality and perfect 
action, by Bonavista, — Arcadia by Isonomy, — Distant Shore by Hermit, — 
Land's End by Trumpeter, — Faraway by Young Melbourne, — Maid of 
Masham by Don John, though not entered for the classic races was, 
undoubtedly, the chamj^ion of his year, Princi|)al Performances. 1897. 
Only defeated on one occasion as a two-year-old when he failed to give 
101b. to Dieudonne. 1898. Won the Newmarket Stakes (the field 
including Jeddah, the subsequent Derby winner). Won the Jockey Club 
Stakes of £10,000 with the greatest ease, defeating Velasquez, Chelandry, 
and Airs and Graces. 1899. Won the Ascot Gold Cup, Loates almost 
pulling the colt up before reaching the winning post, stroking his mount 
with his right hand, and touching his cap in response to the cheers 
greeting Cyllene's victory. 

JEDDAH, an immensely powerful and bloodlike dark chestnut son of 
Janissary (by Isonomy, — Jannette by Jjord Clifden), — Pilgrimage (dam of 
Canterbury Pilgrim) by The Palmer, was purchased by Mr. Larnach (when 
in foal with Jeddah and nineteen years old at the time) at the sale of the 



Famons Horses. 373n 

stucl of the Duchess of Montrose. Like many of Isonomy's descendants, 
Persimmon, E-avensbury, and Common, for example, Jeddah was rather 
high on the leg, as, indeed, have been the majority of the best horses of 
recent years. He is full of Birdcatcher blood ; but is rather an outbred 
horse, his dam's breeding going back chiefly to other strains. Principal 
Performances. 1897. Very backward in his early days, Jeddah did not 
make much show as a two-year-old. 1898. Won the Derby, after a 
good race with Batt ; Dunlop, Dieudonne, and Wantage being all 
close up. 

WILDFOWLER, a chestnut son of Gallinule (by Tsonomy, — Moorhen 
by Hermit,— Sister to Ehys worth by Skirmisher, — Yertumna by Stock- 
well,— Garland),— Tragedy by Ben Battle,— The White Witch by 
Massinissa, — Jeu des Mots by King Tom, — Jeu d'Esprit by Platcatcher, 
was bred in Ireland. Isonomy and Moorhen, the sire and dam of 
Gallinule, always showed to best advantage in long distance races, as did 
also Ben Battle, the sire of Tragedy. A¥ildfowler was ever a difficult 
horse to train ; and, being attacked by influenza after the Two Thousand, 
it was found to be impossible to get him fit for the Derby. He did not 
run again until the Doncaster St. Leger, when, coming through his field 
a quarter of a mile from home, he caught Jeddah "hand over hand," 
and won easily by four lengths. 

DISRAELI, a neat, beautifully balanced, truly shaped, and Arab-like 
whole-coloured bay son of Galopin, — Laidy Yardley by Sterling, — Leda 
by Weatherbit, — Wish by Touchstone, — Hope by Muley Moloch, — a dau. 
of Peter Lely, was bred by Sir Tatton Sykes. Disraeli was the son of 
aged parents, Galopin being twenty-three and Lady Yardley eighteen 
at the time he was foaled. He won the Two Thousand Guineas of 1898 
very easily, Jeddah shirking the contest to such an extent that Watts felt 
he had no chance so soon as he was in the saddle. At the distance 
Disraeli came up on the rails full of running, and, passing the pair of big 
bays (Ninus and Wantage), won by a length and a half. Wantage having 
a neck the best of Ninus. Disraeli broke down in the race for the 
Doncaster St. Leger. 

AIRS AND GRACES, a bay dau. of Ayrshire,— Lady Alwyne by 
Camballo,^Florence Aislabie by Young Melbourne, — Mary Aislabie ])y 
Malcolm, — a dau. of Actseon, — Beatrice, won the Oaks of 1898. 

NUN NICER, a very fine bay dau. of Common, — Priestess by Hermit, — 
a dau. of Lord Lyon, — Sadie by Voltigeur, — Julia by Launcelot, was the 
winner of the One Thousand Guineas of 1898, beating Airs and Graces 
by a neck. 




FLYING FOX. 
(Photo by C. Hailey, Newmarket.) 



FLYING FOX, a bay son of Orme, — Vampire by (xalopin, — Irony by 
l^osebery, — h?arcasm by Breadalbaiie, — Jen d'i-sprit by Flatcatcher, was 
bred by the Duke of Westminster, and will ever be famous as the 
youngest of that wonderful line of high-class winners, in direct male 
line from sire to son, — The Baron — Stock well — Doncaster — Bend Or — 
Ormonde — Orme — Flying Fox, victors in four Derbies and four Legers, 
and in three contests for the ( luineas. Flying Fox is closely inbred to 
Vedette, his own dam Vampire, as well as Angelica (the dam of Orme), 
being by Galopin, while he gets a further cross of Vedette through 
Eosebery. Princij)al Performances. 1898. Won the Ascot, New, 
Stockbridge Foal, and Criterion Stakes. In the Imperial Produce Stakes 
he failed by a head to present 51b. to St. Oris ; and, in the Middle Park 
Plate, the all-conquering Sloan (on Caiman, who was in receipt of 31b.) 
got home a length and a half in front of him. 1899. Won the Two 
Thousand Guineas. Flying Fox was very restive at the post, and, 
thoroughly upset by a breakaway, kept dashing about all over the course. 
He was well away, however, when the flag fell, and from the Bushes 
Cannon was simply playing with his field, turning in his saddle, time after 



Famous Horses. 373k 

time to look for the opposition that did not exist. Caiman, who finished 
second, was the only one to persevere to the end, Trident being probably 
second best. Won the Derby. Holocauste held the lead nntil well in 
the line for home. In a moment, however, a dramatic change came o'er 
the scene ; Holocanste, pecking, half recovered himself, and then, pecking 
again, began to swerve badly. Sloan dismonnting on the instant, the 
horse was found to have splintered his off fore-pastern, and had to l)e 
destroyed. Flying Fox won easily by two lengths, Damocles being 
second, and Insurance third, and during this season he also won the 
Princess of Wales' Stakes, Eclipse Stakes, Doncaster St. Leger, and 
Jocke3' Clul) Stakes, having, during his short career, won no less than 
£40,000 in stakes. It was in December, l.s<)9, that the Duke of 
Westminster died, and, at the sale of his stud in March, 1900, Flying 
Fox was purchased by Monsieur E. Blanc for the record price of £37,500, 
and left the shores of England for France a few days later. 

SI BO LA, a bay dau. of The Sailor Prince (by Albert Victoi-),--Saluder 
])y Mortemer, was the winner in 1.^99 of the One Thousand Guineas, 
Champion Breeders' Foal Stakes, and Scarborough Stakes. 

MUSA, a l)ay dau. of Martagon (by Bend Or,^Tiger Lily by Macaroni, 
— Polly Agnts l)y The Cure, — Miss Agnes by Birdcatcher), — Palm Flower 
by The Palmer, — Jenny Diver by Buccaneer, — Fairy by Warlock, — Leila 
by Melbourne, — Meeanee, won the Oaks of 1899. Sibola at the start was 
left ten lengths, but Sloan got her up to the front at Tattenhani Corner. 
Halfway down the straight Corposant was beaten, and the issue was left to 
Sibola and Musa, the latter of whom in a fine finish got home by a head. 

MATTHEW DAWSON— rare old Matt— the doyen of trainers, died in 
August, 1S98, at his house, Waterloo Lodge, Newmarket. The Dawson 
family, as trainers, figure very prominently in the history of the Turf. 
Matthew became the most celebrated of the four brothers, sons of (leorge 
Dawson of Gullane, who trained horses there prior to the twenties. 
Amongst the employers of Matthew Dawson were the Duke of New- 
castle, the Duke of St. Albans, Lord Lascelles, Lord Falmouth, the Duke 
of Portland, and Lord Hastings. For a dozen years or more the com- 
bination of Lord Falmouth, Matthew Dawson, and Fred Archer was well 
nigh invincible. Back in his earlier career Dawson considered Touch- 
stone, Alice Hawthorn, Beeswing, West Australian, and Thormanby as 
the bright particular stars of their respective days ; and, as regards later 
times, he held an exalted opinion of his old favourite St. Simon, as well 
as a very high opinion of Ormonde. Still, he recalled perhaps with 
greatest fondness the name of that magnificent sprinter — Prince Charlie. 




DIAMOND JUBILEE. 

(Photo by W. A. Eoueh, IGl, Strand. 



DIAMOND JUBILEE (brother to Persimmon and Florizel), a bay son 
of 8t. Simon, — Perdita II., was bred at Sandringham by H.P.H. the 
Prince of Wales. Principal Performances. 1S99. As a two-year-old 
the son of St. Simon faced the Hag on six occasions, his only win being 
when he got home by a head in the Boscawen Stakes at Newmarket. In 
the Jnly Stakes he parted company with his jockey just prior to the 
start, and galloped half the course before he was caught, finishing 
absolutely last in a field of six. His best races this season were those for 
the Middle Park and Dewhurst Plates, in each of which he appeared to be 
but slightly inferior to Democrat. 1900. Won the Two Thousand Guineas 
in a canter, Bonarosa being second three-parts of a length in front of 
Sidus, with Elopement (the favourite) fourth. Diamond Jubilee covered 
the course in Imin. 41fsec. The day was one for fast times, the last race 
(Rous Course) being done in GOfsec. Newmarket Stakes. The Prince's 
colt, as soon as Jones was in the saddle, repeatedly stood up on his hind 
legs and declined to budge an inch. When the " chifney " had been 



Famous Ilor.scs. 373m 

taken off, however, lie was quiet enougli. In tlie race Sloan, on 
Chevening, was all over the course, possibly with the idea of puzzling 
Jones ; and, on coming out of the dip, closed with Diamond Jubilee ; but 
the latter won an exciting race by a head. Epsom Derby. In the draw 
for places at the post, the extreme outside berth fell to the lot of the 
Prince's horse, who, moreover, was cannoned against when the flag fell. 
The first to break the line was Chevening, who led his field at a 
tremendous pace right into the straight, when he was . collared by 
Disguise II., who, in turn, was passed by the bearer of the Royal colours, 
while Simondale w^as close handy. A fine race home was witnessed, 
Jones, on Diamond Jubilee, riding most confidently, and his mount 
running as kindly as possible, stalled off Cannon's determined effort on 
Simondale, and passed the jjost a neck to the good, the result being 
heralded with a burst of enthusiastic cheering. A length away 
Disguise II. was third. 

Signally failing to present Merry Gal with 2 (lib. in the valuable 
Princess of Wales' Stakes, run over the Rowley Mile, Diamond Jubilee, 
over the ten furlongs at Sandown, won the Eclipse Stakes of 10,000 sovs. 
after a good race with Chevening, the latter being in receipt of lOlb., 
with Simondale beaten some distance ; and in a fast run race for the 
Doncaster St. Leger the Prince's horse won easily from Elopement and a 
moderate field. 

WIN I FREDA, a beautiful though small filly, by St. Simon,— Melody by 
Tynedale, — Grlee by Adventurer, — Sweet Sound by Rataplan, — Hybla by 
The Provost, was the winner of the One Thousand Gruineas of 1900. 
Tynedale was by Warlock, — Queen of the Tyne by Tomboy, — a dau. of 
Whisker, — a Phantom mare. Warlock was by Birdcatcher, — Elphine by 
Emilius, — Variation. Winifreda going to the front down Bushes Hill, 
was challenged in the Abingdon Mile bottom by Intpiisition, who, failing 
to get up, was easily beaten by three-quarters of a length. 

LA ROCHE, a hard bay and quite typical dau. of St. Simon, — Miss 
Mildred by Melton, — Merino by Young Melljourne, — Braxey by Moss 
Trooper (by Liverpool, — a dau. of Emilius), — Queen Mary by Gladiator. 
Won both the Oaks and Manchester Summer Cup of 1900 in a hack 
canter. In the Epsom race Lady Schomberg made most of the running ; 
but there was really only one in it. In her home gallop La Roche had 
proved herself quite the equal of Simondale. The Duke of Portland's 
stud farm at Welbeck this year sheltered no less than five winners of the 
Oaks, Wheel of Fortune, Memoir, Mrs. Butterwick, Amiable, and La 
Roche. 



ADDENDA TO II^DEX. 



NAME. 

Airs and Graces 

Canterbury Pilgrim. 

Chelandry 

Cyllene 

Diamond Jubilee ... 

Disraeli 

Flying Fox 

Galeottia 

Gallinule 

Galtee More 

Goldfinch 

Jeddah 

Joskin 

Kendal 

Kirkconnel 

King of the Forest.., 

La Roche 

La Sagesse 



SlllE. PAUE. 

Ajr.shire 373h 

Tristan 373d 

Goldfinch 373f 

Boravista 373g 

St. Simon 373l 

Galopin 373h 

Orme 373j 

Galopin 373b 

Isonomy 373h 

Kendal 373e 

Ormonde 373f 

Janissary 373g 

West Australian . . . 373d 

Bend Or 373e 

Koyal Hampton ... 373b 

Scottish Chief 373b 

St. Simon 373m 

Wisdom 373b 



NAMH. 

Limasol 

Matthew Dawson 

Musa 

North Lincoln ... 

Nun Nicer 

Persimmon 

Plebeian 

Eoyal Hampton . . 

St. Frusquin 

St. Serf 

Sibola 

Sir Visto 

Sloan, "Tod" 

Thais 

Tristan 

Velasquez 

Wildfowler 

Winif reda 



SIRE. rAilE 

Poulet 37oi<' 

373k 

Martagon 373k 

Pylades 373b 

Common 373h 

St. Simon 373c 

Joskin 373d 

Hampton 373b 

St. Simon 373d 

St. Simon 373d 

The Sailor Prince... 373k 

Barcaldiue 373a 

373f 

St. Serf 373d 

Hermit 373d 

Donovan 373f 

Gallinule 373h 

St. Simon 373m 



INDEX TO PEDIGREES, &c. 



NAME. 

Abigail 

A British Yeoman 

Acacia 

Acliievemeiit 

Acbmeb 

Actseon 

Adelaide 

Adeline 

Advance 

Adventurer 

^gis 

^the 

Agatha 

Agnes 

Aimator 

Aim well 

A la Grecque 

Alarm 

Albert 

Albert Victor 

Alcestis 

Alcides 

Alcock Arabian 

Alderney 

Alea 

Aleppo 

Alexander 

Alexander 

Alexina 

Alfred 

Alice Hawthorn 

Allabaculia 

Allworthy 

Almanzor 

Altisidora 

Amadis 

Amaranthus 

Amato 

Amazon 

Ambidexter 



SIRE. PA(iE. 

Woodpecker 194 

Liverpool 217 

Phantom 211 

Stockwell 310 

Sultan 195 

Scud 137 

Young Melbourne . . . 345 

Ion 350 

Pioneer 166 

Newminster 316 

Defence 265 

Young Marske 89 

Orville 185 

Shuttle ' 210 

Trumpator 234 

Marc Antony 59 

Eegulus 101 

Venison 222 

Waterloo 158 

Marsyas 321 

Touchstone 345 

Babram 31 

Imported 9 

Skyscraper 198 

Whalebone 307 

Darley Arabian 11 

Mungo 59 

Eclipse 64 

King Fergus 125 

Match'em 45 

Muley Moloch 212 

Sampson 51 

Crab 75 

Darley Arabian 22 

Dick Andrews 103 

Don Quixote 232 

Old England 176 

Velocipede 199 

Driver 205 

Phenomenon 67 



NAME 

Ambrosia 

Ambrosio 

Amelia's dam 

Amiable 

Amphion 

Ancaster 

Ancaster Dizzy 

Ancaster Driver 

Ancaster Nancy 

Ancaster Pert 

Ancaster Starling ... 

Andover 

Andre ve 

Angelica 

Angelica 

Angelica 

Anna 

Anna 

Annette 

Ann of the Forest . . 

Anonyma 

Antar 

Antelope 

Anticipation 

Anticipation 

Antient Pistol 

Antonio 

Anvil 

Aphrodite 

Apology 

Aquila 

Arab 

Arabian (the first seen 

Aracbne 

Araucaria 

Arbutus 

Archibald 

Archduke 

Arcot Lass 

Ardrossan 



SIRE I'AOE. 

Woodpecker 91 

Sir Peter Teazle 74 

Flying Childers 46 

St. Simon 373 

Kosebery 361 

Blank 41 

Ancaster Driver 47 

Wynn's Arabian . 20 

Blank 172 

ElyTurk 20 

Bolton Grey S barling 23 

Bay Middleton 265 

Orville 150 

Snap 57 

Eubens 181 

Galopin 366 

Eclipse 77 

Coriander 123 

Eclipse 63 

King Fergus 304 

Stockwell 353 

Haphazard 119 

Young Belgrade 179 

Beningborough 95 

Hambletonian 113 

Snap 59 

Octavian 121 

King Herod 56 

Bay Middleton 251 

Adventurer 329 

Eagle 217 

Woful 145 

in England) 2 

Filho daPuta 199 

Ambrose 335 

Walton 122 

Paulowitz 169 

Sir Peter Teazle 79 

Ardrossan 167 

John Bull 125 



376 



Index to Pedigrees, 8fc. 



NAME. SIRE. P.\GE. 

Arethnsa Dungannon 84 

Arethusa Quiz 217 

Arsena Morisco 217 

Arsenic The Colonel 217 

Artillery Toiiclistoiie 275 

Ascot Reveller 181 

Ashton Walnut 97 

Asparagus Pot-8-os 114 

Aspasia King Herod 58 

Assassin Sweetbriar 57 

Assay Sterling 369 

Atalanta Match'em 59 

Atalanta Galopiu 358 

Atlantic Thormanby 329 

Attila Colwick 214 

Auckland Touchstone 255 

Augusta Eclipse 69 

Augusta Woful 124 

Augustus Sultan 159 

Australian West Australian 345 

Ayrshire Hampton 358 

Azor Selim 117 

Azora Voltaire 305 



Bab 

Baboon's dam 

Babram (or Babra- 

ham) 

Bacchante 

Bagot 

Bajazet 

Bald Charlotte 

Bald Galloway 

Bald Peg 

Baleine 

Balfe 

Ballyroe 

Banter 

Barbara 

Barbelle 

Barcaldine 

Barcarolle 

Barefoot 

Barnton 

Baron, The 

Baron, The 

Bartlett's Childers.. 

Bas Bleu 

Bassishaw 

Basto 

Bathilde 

Bay Barb 

Bay Bolton 

Bay Ccelia 



Bordeaux 214 

Hip 27 

Godolphin Arabian . 24 
Brother to Walton .. . 120 

King Herod 190 

Godolphin Arabian... 25 

Old Royal 16 

St. Victor Barb 16 

Pedigree unJcnoicn ... 8 

Whalebone 241 

Plaudit 333 

Belladrum 344 

Master Henry 176 

Snap 73 

Sandbeck 238 

Solon 344 

Stumps 199 

Tramp 129 

Voltaire 272 

Irish Birdcatcher ... 226 

Xenophon 356 

Darley Arabian 21 

Stockwell 312 

Prime Warden 338 

Byeilej Turk 8 

Young Emihus 303 

Imported 5 

Grey Hautboy 8 

Orlando 313 



NAME. SIRE. PAGE. 

Bay Javelin Javelin 131 

Bay Mai ton Sampson 35 

Bay Middleton Sultan 184 

Bay Peg Leedes Arabian 8 

Bay Roan (Sir Thomas Grestley's Arabian) . 9 

Bay Starling The Bolton Grey 

Starling 43 

Bay Wilkinson's dam Why Not 21 

Beadsman Weatherbit 284 

Beatrice Sir Peter Teazle 112 

Beauclerc Rosicrucian 339 

Beauty Lanercost 347 

Bedlamite Welbeck 143 

Beeswing Dr. Syntax 188 

Beiram Sultan 168 

Belgrade Turk Imported 5 

Belinda Blacklock 224 

Belladrum Stockwell 344 

Bella Beningborough 253 

Bella Donna Seymour 199 

Belle Justice 209 

Belle Dame Belshazzar 308 

Bellina Rockingham 77 

Bellissima Phenomenon 75 

Bell's Grey Arabian Imported 35 

Belphcebe Toxophilite 337 

Belshazzar Blacklock 201 

Belvoirina Stamford 148 

Ben Battle Rataplan 349 

Bend Or Doncaster 342 

Bendigo Ben Battle 349 

Beningborough King Fergus 69 

Berrington Sweet William 208 

Bertha Rubens 311 

Bertram The Duke 343 

Bess Waxy 202 

Bessy Young Gouty 268 

Bess Lyon Longbow 319 

Betty Leedes Old Careless 12 

Betty Percival The Leedes Arabian 15 

Biddy,The Bran 305 

Bigottini Thunderbolt 247 

Birdcatcher Sir Hercules 190 

Birmingham Filho da Puta 159 



Birthday 

Bizarre 

Bizarre 

Black and All Black 
Black Bess 



Pantaloon 347 

Peruvian 131 

Orville 131 

Old Crab 25 

Camel 251 

Black Eyes Old Crab 273 

Blacklegs Hutton's Bay Barb... 17 

Blacklegs Flying Childers 21 

Blacklock Whitelock 116 

Black Mare Makeless 43 



Indcgc to Pedigrees, 8fc. 



377 



NAME. 

Blair Athol 

Blank 

Blaze 

Blink Bonny 

Blinkhoolio 

Bloody Buttocks 
Bloody Shouldered 

Arabian 

Bloomsbury 

Bloomer 

Blossom 

Blowing 

Blucher 

Blue Bonnet 

Blue Devils 

Blue Eyed Susan ... 

Blue Gown 

Blue Stockings 

Blunderbuss 

Boadicea 

Bob Booty 

Bobtail 

Bohemia 

Bolton Grey Starling 

Bombasine 

Bon Accord 

Bonavista 

Bonny Agnes 

Bonny Bell 

Bonny Black 

Bonny Blink 

Bonny Jean 

Bonny Lass 

Bordeaux 

Bosphorus 

Bothwell 

Boudrow 

Bourbon 

Bourbon 

Bracelet 

Bran 

Brandy Bet 

Bravery 

Briar-root 

Bribery 

Bridget 

Bridle 

Brigantine 

Brilliant 

Brim 

Brimmer 

Briseis 

Brisk 

Brocade 



SIRE. PAGE. 

Stockwell 302 

Godolphin Arabian .. . 24 

Flying Childers 21 

Melbourne 278 

Wisdom 347 

Imported 15 

Imported 10 

Mulatto 205 

Melbourne 328 

Old Crab 29 

Buzzard 119 

Waxy 107 

Touchstone 215 

Velocipede 280 

Rattle 27 

Beadsman 312 

Popinjay 175 

Bustler 10 

Alexander 176 

Chanticleer 175 

Eclipse 79 

Weatherbit 333 

Bay Bolton 20 

Thunderbolt 270 

Adventurer 344 

Bend Or 367 

Blair Athol 349 

Voltigeur 339 

Black Hearty 11 

The Flying Dutchman 319 

Macaroni 349 

Bay Bolton 29 

Herod 214 

Babraham 190 

StockweU 321 

Eclipse 175 

Le Sang 54 

Sorcerer 114 

Touchstone 319 

Humphrey Clinker ... 177 

Canteen 247 

Gameboy 291 

Springfield 359 

The Libel 290 

Herod 55 

The Saddler 271 

Buccaneer 317 

Old Crab 32 

Squirrel 61 

D'Arcy's Yellow Turk 8 

Beningborough 93 

The Darley Arabian 20 

Pantaloon 229 



NAME. 

Brocard 

Brocardo 

Brocklesby Betty 

Bronze 

Broomielaw 

Brown Bess 

Brown Betty 

Brown Duchess . . . , 

Brown Fanny 

Brown Eegulus . . . 

Brunette 

Brunette 

Brutandorf 

Buccaneer 

Buckingham Turk . 

Buckstone 

Buffcoat 



Buffer's dam 

Barton's Barb Mare 

Burlesque 

Bush Molly 

Bushy Molly 



Bustard ... 

Bustard 

Bustler 

Busybody 
Butterfly 
Buzzard 

Buzzard 

Byerley Turk 

Cade 



SIRE. PAGK. 

Whalebone 147 

Touchstone 229 

Curwen Bay Barb .. 11 

Buzzard 91 

Stockwell 356 

Camel 303 

Basto 20 

Flying Dutchman . . . 295 

Maximus 230 

Regulus 61 

Squirrel 64 

Amaranthus 176 

Blacklock 133 

WildDayreU 315 

Imported 3 

Voltigeur 297 

The Godolphin 

Arabian 32 

Highflyer 190 

Imported 3 

Touchstone 297 

Hampton Court 

Childers 63 

Chestnut Litton 

Arabian 63 

Castrel 159 

Buzzard 197 

Helmsley Turk 5 

Petrarch 351 

Turnus 291 

Woodpecker 79 

Blacklock 326 

Imported 4 



The Godolphin 

Arabian 22 

Cadland Andrew 150 

Cain PaiUowitz 197 

Calabria Spadille 101 

Calash Herod 61 

Calendulas Camerton 228 

CallerOu Stockwell 294 

Calliope Slouch 60 

Calomel Mercury 120 

Camarine Juniper 164 

Camel Whalebone .............. 140 

Camballo Cambuscan 382 

Cambuscan Newminster 332 

Camelia Macaroni 335 

Camerton Hambletonian 228 

Camilla Bay Bolton 46 

Camilla Trentham 86 

Camillus The Cullen Arabian... 27 

Camillus Hambletonian 155 



378 



Index to Pedi(/rees, 8fc. 



Canary Coriander 

Canary Bird Whiskey 

Canezou Melbourne 

Cannon Ball Sanclio 

Canopus Gohanna 

Cantatrice Sampson 

Canteen Waxy Pope 

Cantine Orlando 

Cantiniere Stockwell 

Caprice Anvil 

Captive Match'em 

Cara Belshazzar 

Caractacus Kingston 

Caravan Camel 

Carbuncle Babraham Blank 

Cardinal Beaufort . Gobanna 

Cardinal York Sir Peter 

Care Woful 

Careless Spanker 

Carina Marske 

Carnival Sweetmeat 

Caroline , Phenomenon 

Caroline Whalebone 

Caroline Old Snap 

Carthage Driver 

Cartouche The Bald Galloway . 

Castanea Gohanna 

Castanette Don John 

Castaway Old Merlm 

Cast Off Promised Land 

Castrel Buzzard 

Castrellina Castrel 

Cast Steel Whisker 

Casuistry Tiie Miner 

Catalani Tiger 

Catgut Juniper or Comus 

Catherine Woodpecker 

Catherine Young Marske 

Catherine Don John 

Catherine Hayes . . . Lanercost 

Cato Kug-ulus 

Cattou Golumpus 

Cavatina Kedshank 

Cecilia Blair Athol 

Cedric Phantom 

Celia Volunteer 

Celia Herod 

Celibacy Lord Clif den 

Ceres Sweet William 

Cervantes Don CJuixote 

Chalice Orlando 

Chalkstone's dam ... Shepherd's Crab 

Chamant Mortemer 

Champion The Harpur Arabian 



'AGE. 


NAME. 


147 


Champion 


147 


Changeling 


241 


Chanticleer 


105 


Chanticleer 


143 


Chapeau de Paille . . . 


65 


Chapeau d'Espagne 


133 


Charles XII 


346 


Charleston 


346 


Charibert 


153 


Charlotte 


71 


Charlotte West 


201 


Charming Jenny . . . 


296 


Charming Molly 


193 


Chateau Margaux . . . 


108 


Chatham 


87 


Chaunter 


115 


Cherub 


280 


Cherry Duchess 


12 


Chesterfield 


205 


Chestnut Skim 


301 


Chestnut Thornton... 


87 


Chevalier d'lndustrie 


123 


Chevisaunce 


181 

275 

16 


Chiddy 


Chifney, Sam 


131 


Chillaby 


272 


Chorister 


9 


Chorus 


343 


Chymist 


90 


Cinizelli 


162 


Circassian 


287 


Clare 


353 


Clarissa 


273 


Clay hall Marske 


122 


Clearwell 


101 


Clementina 


264 


Clinker 


291 


Glinkerina 


257 


Clio 


28 


Clumsey .. 


102 


Cobbea 


287 


Cobweb 


327 


Cockfighter 


133 


Coolia 


69 


Ca3lia 


83 


Goelia •... 


351 


Coffin Mare 


57 


Co-Heiress 


194 


Colibri 


337 


Colonel 


93 


Columba 


336 


Columba 


34 


Colwick 



SIEE. PAGE. 

Pot-8-os 78 

Cade 27 

Woodpecker 175 

Irish Birdcatcher ... 230 

Rubens 195 

Dr. Syntax 195 

Voltaire 200 

Sovereign 337 

Thormanby 341 

Blank 67 

Tramp 159 

The Leedes Arabian 5 

Second 25 

Whalebone 137 

The Colonel 263 

The Acaster Turk ... 10 

Hambletonian 293 

TheDuke 361 

Priam 231 

Woodpecker 92 

Makeless 61 

Orlando 281 

Stockwell 339 

Hampton Court 

Childers 47 

The Jockey 157 

Imported 5 

Lottery 161 

Trumpator 161 

Match'em 164 

Touchstone 270 

Sultan 165 

Marmion 205 

Pantaloon 339 

Marske 97 

Jerry 173 

Venison 239 

Sir Peter 137 

Clinker 137 

Young Cade 81 

Old Hautboy 11 

Skyscraper 99 

Phantom 132 

Overton 78 

Old Partner 36 

Volunteer 69 

Herod 83 

The Selaby Turk 9 

Pot-8-os 116 

Woodpecker 87 

Whisker 150 

Alfred 78 

Charleston 337 

Filho-da-Puta 165 



Index to Pedi(/rees, Sj'c. 



379 



Comet OldCade 214 

Comical's dam Skyscraper 187 

Common Isonomy 364 

Commoner Place's White Turk 15 

Comus Otho 46 

Comua Sorcerer 118 

Conductor Match'em 41 

Coneyskins The Lister Turk 11 

Confederate Comus 232 

Confederate filly . . . Grey Grantham 21 

Conqueror Fox 21 

Constance Partisan 257 

Constantia Walnut 118 

Contessina YoungMarske 118 

Contraction Emilius 281 

Conyngham Slane 239 

Copenhagen Meteor 100 

Coquette Sedley Grey Arabian 86 

Coquette Dick Andrews 295 

Cora Match'em 75 

Cora Peruvian 208 

Cordelia Eed Deer 289 

Coriander Pot-8-oa 147 

Coriolanus Sir Peter 305 

Corinne Waxy 119 

Coronation Sir Hercules 210 

Corsair, The Sir Hercules 201 

Cossack Hetman Platoff 236 

Cossack Maid Hetman Platoff 333 

Cotherstone Touchstone 216 

Cottingham ... Hartley's Blind 

Stallion 22 

Coughing Polly Bartlett'a Childers .. 51 

Couleur de Rose . . . West Auatralian 357 

Countess Blank 60 

Countess Catton 217 

Cowl BayMiddleton 308 

Cowslij) Highflyer 59 

Coxcomb Otho 49 

Crab (Old) The Alcock Arabian . 16 

Crab OldCrab 55 

Cracker Highflyer 156 

Craig Millar Blair Athol 333 

Cramlington Pipator 167 

Crassus Eclipse 229 

Crazy Lath 55 

Creeping Polly Black and All Black . 54 

Cremome Parmesan 324 

Cres.sida Whiskey 119 

Crinon Newminster 351 

Cripple The Godolphin 

Arabian 29 

Croft's Bay Barb ... Chillaby 7 

Crucifix Priam 206 



NAME. SIRE. 

Cruiskeen Sir Hercules 

Crutch Little John . . 

Crytheia Hesperus 

Cuckoo Elis 



PAGE. 

... 247 

... 163 

... 343 

... 349 

Cuirass Oiseau 308 

CuUen Arabian Imported 23 

Cure, The Physician 281 

Curiosity Snap 45 

Curwen Bay Barb . . Imported 5 

Curwen Old Spot .. . Selaby Turk 14 

Cwrw Dick Andrews 101 

Cygnet Godolphin Arabian .. . 31 

Cymba Melbourne 240 

Cypher Squirrel 61 

Cyprian Partisan 185 

Cypron Blaze 34 

Cytherea Herod 65 



Dabchick 

Dajdalus 

Daintie Davie 

Dairy Maid 

Daisy 

Damascus Arabian. . . 

Damper 

Dangerous 

Daniel O'Rourke ... 

Daphne 

Daphne 

D'Arcy Yellow Turk 

Darioletta 

Darley Arabian 

Daughter of the Star 

Deadlock 

Deceit 

December 

Deception 

Decoy 

Defence 

Defenceless 

Defiance 

Delhi 

Delenda 

Dolpini 

Delta 

Demirep 

Dervise 

Desdemona 

Dcsdemona 

Desdemona 

Design 

Destiny 

Devotion 

Diamond 



Pot-8-os 122 

Justice 71 

Traveller 31 

Bloody Buttocks 32 

Buzzard 165 

Imported 33 

Spectator 43 

Tramp 170 

Irish Birdcatcher ... 252 
Godolphin Arabian... 58 

Eegulus 159 

Imported 5 

Amadis 238 

Imported 6 

Kremlin 311 

Wenlock 368 

Tandem 74 

Shakespear 141 

Defence 202 

Filho-da-Puta 203 

Whalebone 148 

Defence 296 

Eubens 148 

Plenipotentiary 306 

Gohanna 275 

Highflyer 60 

Alexander 270 

Highflyer 133 

Merlin 143 

Greyhound 11 

Mar.ske 117 

Orville 142 

Tramp 218 

Sultan 191 

Stockwell 345 

Jew Trvimp 19 



880 



Index to Pedigrees, 8fc. 



NAME. 

Diamond 

Diana 

Diana 

Dick Andrews 

Dick Burton's Mare. 
Dicky Pierson 

Dictator 

Didelot 

Dido 

Dimple 

Dinarzade 

Diomed 

Diophantus 

Dismal 

Ditto 

Diversion 

Dizzy 

Dizzy 

Doctor's Sister 

Dodsworth 

Doll 

Doll Tearsheet 

Doncaster 

Doncaster Gold Cup 
Doncaster Races 

Don Cossack 

Don Dun 

Don John 

Donovan 

Don Quixote 

Dorimant 

Doris 

Dormouse 

Dove 

Dr. Syntax 

Drab 

Dragon 

Driver... .. . 

Drone 

Drone 

Duchess 

Duchess 

Duchess 

Dulcinea 

Dundee 

Dungannon 

Dun Mare 

Duport 

Dutchman's Daughter 

Dixtch Oven 

Duty 

Dyer's Dimple 



SIRE. PAGE. 

Highflyer 73 

Second 77 

Stamford 137 

Joe Andrews 104 

Pedigree lost 9 

(Grandson of Dods- 
worth) 41 

Match'em 51 

Trumpator 73 

Whisker 215 

Leedes Arabian 15 

Selim 133 

Florizel 55 

Orlando 295 

The Godolphin 

Arabian 51 

Sir Peter 85 

Defence 237 

Blank 64 

Ancaster Driver 64" 

Goldfinder 113 

A Natural Barb . 3 

Woodcock 23 

Broomielaw 356 

Stockwell 326 

(First Instituted) ... 41 

(1681) 4 

Haphazard 198 

Brilliant 45 

Tramp 197 

Galopin 360 

Eclipse 87 

Otho 47 

Blank 58 

Godolphin Arabian . 24 

Matchless 64 

Paynator 108 

Highflyer 122 

Pedigree lost 4 

Trentham 86 

Herod 56 

Master Robert 230 

The Newcastle Turk 15 

Whitenose 28 

Cardinal York 115 

Cervantes 157 

Lord of the Isles . . 293 

Eclipse 58 

Acaster Turk 50 

Cerberus 181 

The Flying Dutchman 368 

Dutch Skater 346 

Rifleman 359 

Leedes Arabian 9 



NAME. SIRE. PAGE. 

Eager Florizel 67 

Earl, The Young Melbourne 313 

Eastern Princess ... Surplice 325 

Ebony Flying Childers . . 34 

Ebor Orville 118 

Echidna Economist 226 

Echo Emilius 235 



Eclipse 

Economist ^. .. 

Editha 

Edmund 

Eglentyne 

Eleanor 

Election 

Electress Election 

Elfrida Old Snap 



Marske 38 

Whisker 153 

Herod 152 

Orville 197 

Hermit 359 

Whiskey 80 

Gohanna 92 

248 

152 



Elis Langar 187 

EHza Highflyer 69 



Elizabeth 

Elizabeth 

Elizabeth 

Ella 

Ellen 

Ellen Home . . 
Ellen Middleton 
EUerdale 



Orville 101 

Rainbow 224 

Statesman 343 

Chanticleer 315 

Starch 308 

Redshank 306 

Bay Middleton 268 

Lanercost 274 

Ellington The Flying Dutchman 274 

Elphine Emilius 276 

Elthiron Pantaloon 245 

Emerald Defence 263 

Emilia Young Emilius 289 

Emiliana Emilius 263 

Emilius Orville 128 

Emily Stamford 128 

Emma The Godolphin 

Arabian 41 

Emma Whisker -. 146 

Emma Telemachus 185 

Emma Don Cossack 198 

Emmeline Waxy 197 

Emperor Defence 218 

Enamel Phantom 135 

England's Beauty . . Birdcatcher 336 

Engineer Sampson 33 

Enigma The Rake 373 

Ennui Bay Middleton 280 

Enterprise Sterling 357 

Enthusiast.. Sterling 361 

Ephemera Woodpecker 79 

Epirus Langar 228 

Epsom Lass Sir Peter 191 

Equation Emilius 295 

Escalade Touchstone 307 

Escape Highflyer 63 



Index to Pedu/rees, 8fc. 



381 



NAME. SIRE. PAGE. 

Esperance Lapdog 295 

Espoir Liverpool 295 

Estelle Brutandorf 227 

Euclid Emilius 201 

Eulogy Euclid 279 

Evander Delpini 87 

Evelina Highflyer 82 

Evening Star Touchstone 311 

Everlasting Eclipse . . . . ; G7 

Expectation Herod 95 

Expectation Sir Peter 215 

Extempore Emilius 217 



Fadladinida Sir Peter 



195 



Fair Agnes Voltigeur 361 

Fair Charlotte Catton 286 

Fair Ellen Wellesley Grey 

Arabian 143 

Fair Forester Sloe 61 

Fair Helen Viscount 123 

Fair Helen Hambletonian 167 

Fair Helen Pantaloon 235 

Fair Rosamond King John 343 

Fairy Warlock 343 

Fairy Eird Highflyer 273 

Fairy Queen Young Cade 273 

Faith Herod 57 

Faith Pacolet .. 59 

Fancy Florizel 83 

Fancy Osmond 217 

Fandango Barnton 272 

Fanny Tartar 54 

Fanny Eclipse 69 

Fanny Diomed 91 

Fanny Sir Peter 142 

Fanny Jerry 286 

Fanny Davies Filho-da-Puta 191 

Farewell Doncaster 353 

Farewell Slope 293 

Farmer Mare Chillaby 63 

Fauchon Whalebone 201 

Faugh-a-Ballagh .. Sir Hercules 219 

Favonius Parmesan 320 

Favourite The Widdrington 

Arabian 19 

Favourite A Son of the Bald 

Galloway 42 

Favourite Blucher 316 

Fawn Smolensko 186 

Fazzoletto Orlando 275 

Fearnought Bay Bolton 17 

Feather Godolphin Arabian . . 56 

Feltona X.Y.Z 222 

Ferina Venison 316 



NAME 

Feronia 

Ferret 

Festive 

Feu de Joie 

Fidget's dam 

Fidget Colt 

Figaro 

Fig-tree 

Filagree 

Filho-da-Puta 

Fille de 1' Air 

Finesse 

Firebrand 

Firetail 

Firetail 

Fisher Lass 

Fisherman 

FitzRoland 

Flageolet 

Flatcatcher 

Flax 

Flaxinella 

Flea, The 

Fleur-de-Lis 

Flight 

Flight 

Flirt 

FHrtilla 

Flora 

Flora ; 

Flora 

Flora 

Flora 

Floranthe 

Florizel 

Flower Safety 

Floyerkin 

Flyer 

Flyer 

Flying Childers 

Flying Duchess 

Flying Dutchman . . . 
Flying Whig 

Foig-a-Ballagh or ■) 
Faugh-a-Ballagh > 

Foinnualla 

Folly 

Folly 

Folly 

Forester 

Forester 



SIRE. PAGE. 

Thormanby 358 

Bro. to Silvio 151 

Carnival 361 

Longbow 297 

Match'em 67 

Fidget 77 

Haphazard 303 

Envoy 305 

Soothsayer 132 

Haphazard 109 

Foig-a-Ballagh 303 

Peruvian 203 

Lamplighter 215 

Squirrel 45 

Eclipse 194 

Osmond 237 

Heron 276 

Orlando 283 

Plutus 341 

Touchstone 241 

Surplice 299 

Trentham 104 

Coronation 245 

Bourbon 138 

Irish Escape 190 

Velocipede 283 

Squirrel 99 

Conductor 99 

Lofty 56 

Squirrel 68 

Young Cade 71 

Regulus 114 

King Fergus 199 

Octavian 153 

King Herod 41 

Wild Dayrell 364 

Stride 167 

Sweetbriar 67 

Vandyke Junior 135 

The Darley Arabian 12 
The Flying Dutch- 
man 330 

Bay Middleton 242 

The Woodstock 
Arabian 24 

Sir Hercules 219 

Irish Birdcatcher ... 274 

Marske 120 

Young Drone 153 

Middleton 237 

Hartley's Blind 

Stallion 23 

Forester 64 



382 



Inclea' to Pedigrees, S^'c. 



NAME. SIRE. PAGE. 

Forget-me-not Hetman Platoff 252 

Formosa Buccaneer 315 

Fortress Defence 228 

Fox Clumsey 11 

Fox Whisker 333 

Foxcub Clumsey H 

Foxhall King Alfonso 345 

Foxhunter ... Brisk 20 

Fractious Mercury 86 

Frailty Filho-da-Puta 185 

Frederick Little John 155 

Frenzy Eclipse 59 

Friar South 253 

Fribble's dam Reguhn 45 

Foi-y Tramp 215 

Fusee Marsyas 348 

Fyldener Sir Peter 01 



Gadabout Orville 

Gaiety Touchstone 

Galantine Reveller 

Galata Sultan 

Galatea Amadis 

Galliard Galopin 

Galopin Vedette 

Gameboy Tomboy 

Gamester The Cossack 

Garaos Saunterer 

Gang Forward Stockwell 

Garcia Octavian 

Gaudy Blank 

Geheimniss Rosicrucian 

Gem, The Touchstone 

Gemma-di-Vergy ... Sir Hercules 

General Chasse Actaeon 

General Peel Young Melbourne 

GentleKitty Silvio 

George Frederick . . . Marsyas 

Georgiana Match'em 

Gertrude Saunterer 

Ghuznee Pantaloon 

Giantess Match'em 

Gibraltar Muley 

Gibside Fairy Hermes 

Gift Young Gohanna 

Gilbert Gurney Muley 

Gimcrack Cripple 

Gipsey King William's No- 

tongued Barb 

Gipsey Bay Bolton 

Gipsey Trumpator 

Gipsy Queen Dr. Syntax 

Gladiateur Monarque 

Gladiator Partisan 



226 
287 
165 
166 
232 
349 
330 
291 
287 
319 
327 
169 

49 
347 
305 
361 
179 
303 
197 
328 

95 
341 
210 

76 
207 
112 
234 
229 

36 

25 
29 
316 
255 
304 
191 



NAME. 

Glaucus 

Glee 

Glenartney 

Glencoe 

Go-ahead 

Godolphin 

Godolphin Barb or 

Arabian 

Gohanna 

Golden Ball 

Golden Grove 

Goldenlocks 

Goldenlocks 

Goldfinder 

Goliah 

Golumpus 

Goosander 

Gossamer 

Gouty 

Governess 

Governor 

Gower Stallion 

Gower Stallion Mare 

Grace Darling 

Gramarie 

Grandiflora 

Grasshopper 

Grasshopper 

Grazier 

Grecian Princess ... 

Green Mantle 

Grey Diomed 

Grey Dorimant 

Grey Grantham 

Grey Hautboy 

Grey Highflyer 

Greyhound (Old) . . . 

Grey Momus 

Grey Ramsden 

Grey Robin 

Grey Robinson 

Grey Royal 

Grey Skim 

Grey Starling 

Grey Trent ham 

Grey Wilkes 

Grisette 

Gruyere 

Guiccioli 

Guildford 

Guildford Nan 

Gulnare 

Gunpowder 

Gustavus 



SIRE. PAGE. 

Partisan 171 

Touchstone 287 

Phantom 145 

Sultan 178 

Melbourne 360 

Partisan 125 

Imported 18 

Mercury 70 

Old Partner 23 

Blank 107 

Oroonoko 50 

Delpini 100 

Old Snap 41 

Old Greyhound 17 

Gohanna 101 

Hambletonian 121 

Birdcatcher 363 

Sir Peter 209 

Chatham 283 

Trumpator 107 

Godolphin Arabian . . 33 

Gower Stallion 33 

Defence 231 

Sorcerer 115 

Sir Harry Dimsdale 268 
The Byerley Turk ... 9 

Old Crab 176 

Sir Peter 234 

Forester 64 

Sultan 157 

Diomed 64 

Dorimant 128 

Brownlow Turk 15 

Old Hautboy 5 

Highflyer 72 

Chillaby 4 

Comus 198 

Grey Hautboy 17 

Gimcrack 53 

The Bald Galloway . 24 
D'Arcy White Turk . 15 

Woodpecker 131 

Bolton Grey Starling 51 

Trentham 66 

Hautboy 19 

Merlin 295 

Verulam 320 

Bob Booty 190 

Highflyer 124 

Guildford 124 

Smolensko 145 

Eclipse 121 

Election 124 



IndcT fo Ppdif/rers, Si'c. 



383 



NAME. 

Habena 

Hambletonia 

Hambletonian 

Hampton 

Hampton Court 
Childers 

Handmaiden 

Hannah 

Hannibal 

Haphazard 

Hardwicke 

Hare 

Haricot 

Harkaway 

Harmonica 

Harmony 

Harmony 

Harpalice 

Harpham Lass 

Harriett 

Harriett 

Harriett 

Hartley's Blind 
Stallion 

Hartley's Large 
Mare 

Hartley's Little 
Mare 

Harvester 

Hasty Girl 

Hautboy (Old) 

Hauteur 

Hawise 

Hawthorndale 

Hawthornden 

Hazard 

Hazardess 

Hazeldean 

Hebe 

Hedley 

Heinel 

Helen 

Helen 

Helen 

Helena 

Helmsley Turk 

Henrietta 

Hephestion 

Hephestion 

Hermes 

Hermione 

Hermit 

Hermit 

Hernandez 



SIRE. PAGE. 

Irish Birdcatcher ... 271 

Stamford 179 

King Fergus 72 

Lord Clifden 331 

Flying Childers 15 

Walton 282 

King Tom 320 

Driver 86 

Sir Peter 81 

Antient Pistol 51) 

Sweetbriar 1G4 

Mango 294 

Economist 19G 

Hambletonian 179 

Herod 107 

Reveller 237 

Gobanna 205 

Camillus 303 

Match'em 114 

Volunteer 148 

Pericles 174 

The Holderness Turk 14 
Hartley s Blind 
Stallion 24 

Bartlett's Childers .. 24 

Sterling 351 

LordGough 349 

Sedbury Turk 5 

Eosicrucian 349 

Jereed 249 

Kettledrum •.. 3J9 

Lord Clifden 319 

Leedes 19 

Haphazard 307 

Cathedral 347 

Chrysolite 122 

Sir Peter 115 

Squirrel 99 

Spectator 58 

Delpini 167 

Blackloek 209 

Eubens 209 

Imported 3 

Sir Solomon 141 

Marske 49 

Alexander 97 

Mercury 112 

Sir Peter 71 

Bay Middleton 265 

Newminster 308 

Pantaloon 251 



NAME. 

Hero, The 

Herod (King Herod) 

Heroine 

Heron 

Hersey 

Hester 

Hester 

Hetman Platoff 

Highflyer 

Highland Fling 

Highland Laddie ... 

Hip 

Hip 

Hip 

Hippia 

Hobbie Ncble 

Hobby Mare 

Hobgoblin 

Hog 

Hoity Toity 

Hollandaise 

Honeycomb Punch . . 

Honeysuckle 

Honeywood's White 

Arabian 

Honoria 

Horatia 

Horatia 

Hornby Lass 

Hornet 

Hornpipe 

Hornsea 

Humphrey Clinker . . 

Huncamunca 

Hurricane 

Hutton's Bay Barb . 
Hutton's Grey Barb. 

Hyale 

Hybla 

Hyfena 

Hyllus 

Hyppolita 

lago 



SIRE. PAGE. 

Chesterfield 231 

Tartar 34 

Phenomenon 190 

Bustard 276 

Glaucus 313 

Camel 245 

Thormanby .. 319 

Brutandorf 2 02 

Herod 53 

Spadille l-ts 

Leedes Arabian 19 

Cur wen Bay Barb ... 15 

Herod 07 

Childers 181 

KingTom 311 

Pantaloon 254 

Lister Turk H 

Aleppo 17 

Old Hautboy 9 

Highflyer 287 

Match'em 55 

TaffoletBarb 58 

Touchstone 352 

Imported 5 

Camel 347 

Blank 55 

Eclipse 79 

Buzzard 94 

Drone 154 

Trumpator 149 

Velocipede 181 

Comus ]37 

Highflyer 73 

Wild Dayrell 297 

Imported 17 

Imported 5 

Phenomenon 83 

The Provost 265 

Snap G7 

Sir Hercules 203 

Mercury 67 

Don John 228 

.... 270 

... 183 

... 51 

... 203 

... 223 

... 175 



Ibis Woodpecker ... 

Ibrahim Sultan 

Icelander Morwick Ball 

Idalia Peruvian 

Idas Liverpool 

lerne Bagot 

niuminata Eosicrucian 370 

Imperatrix Alfred 59 

Imperieuse Orlando 279 

Industry Priam 199 



384 



Index to Pedigrees, 8fc. 



Inheritor Lottery 282 

Interpreter Soothsayer 119 

lo Taurus 285 

Ion Cain 197 

Iris Brush 113 

Iris Ithuriel 251 

Irish Birdcatcher ... Sir Hercules 190 

Irish Escape Commodore 190 

Iroquois Leamington 344 

Irritation King of Trumps 849 

Isabella Eclipse 270 

Isinglass Isonomy 3G8 

Isis Sir Peter 270 

Isola Bella Stockwell 338 

Isoline Ethelbert 338 

Isonomy Sterling 338 

Ithuriel Touchstone 251 

Jack Spigot Ardrossan 125 

Jamaica Liverpool 275 

Jamaica Lexington 345 

Jane Shore Woful 199 

Janetta Beningborough 222 

Jannette Lord Clifden 339 

Jason Standard 28 

Javelin Eclipse 93 

Jeannette Birdcatcher 275 

Jemima Snap 55 

Jenny Diver Buccaneer 343 

Jennala Touchstone 320 

Jenny Howlett The Palmer 343 

Jenny Lind Touchstone 265 

Jenny Mole Carbuncle 108 

Jenny Spinner Dragon 152 

Jerboa Gohanna 186 

Jereed Sultan 249 

Jericho Jerry 223 

Jerry Smolensko 133 

Jessy Totteridge 156 

Jett Othello 45 

Jen d'Esprit Flatcatcher 297 

Jewess Moses 228 

Jew Trump Curwen Chestnut 

Arabian 19 

Jigg The Byerley Turk ... 14 

Joan Regulus 75 

Joanna Sultan 236 

Joannina Priam 236 

Jocaster Forester 88 

Jockey Club (Foundation of) 29 

Jocose Pantaloon 298 

Joe Andrews Eclipse 104 

Joe Lovell Velocipede 219 

Joe Miller Venison 253 



NAME. 

Johanna 

Johanna Southcote... 

John Bull 

Johnny 

John o' Gaunt's dam 

Julia 

Julia 

Julia 

Juliana 

Julie 

Julius 

Juniper 

Juniper 

Jiino 

Jupiter 

Justice 

Kate 

Katherina 

Katherine 

Katherine 

Katherine Logic 

Kermesse 

Kettledrum 

Kilwarlin 

King Alfred 

King Alphonso 

Kingcraft 

King Fergus 

King Herod 

King of the Forest. . . 

Kingston 

King Tom 

Kisber 

Kite 

Knight of St. George 
Knowsley 

L'Abbesse deJouarre 

Lacerta 

Ladas 

Lady Alice Hawthorn 

L-idy Audley 

Lady Augusta 

Lady Blanche 

Lady Bolingbroke . . . 

Lady Caroline 

Lady Catherine 

Lady Charlotte 

Lady Cow 

Lady Cow 

Lady Eliza 

Lady Elizabeth 



SIRE. PAGE. 

Selim 187 

Beningborough 159 

Fortitude 68 

Match'em 43 

Pot.8-os 95 

Blank 80 

Whiskey 98 

Launcelot 365 

Gohanna 147 

Orlando 309 

St. Albans 309 

Snap 43 

Whiskey 152 

Spectator 57 

Eclipse 52 

Herod 55 

Auckland 255 

Woful 155 

Delpini 169 

Soothsayer 173 

The Flying Dutchman 321 

Cremorne 347 

Eataplan 292 

Arbitrator 357 

King Tom 357 

Phaeton 345 

King Tom 318 

Eclipse 54 

Tartar 34 

Scottish Chief 323 

Venison 296 

Harkaway 266 

Buccaneer 335 

Bustard 220 

Irish Birdcatcher . . . 264 

Sir Peter 214 

Trappist 361 

Zodiac 204 

Hampton 370 

Newminster 349 

Macaroni 339 

Stockwell 299 

Stockwell 353 

Squirrel 56 

Orlando 353 

John Bull 100 

Buzzard 101 

Hampton Court 

Chestnut Arabian.. 25 

John Bull 113 

Whitworth 188 

Sleight of Hand 369 



Index to Fedigrees, 8fc. 



385 



NAME. 

Lady EveljTi 

Lady Grey 

Lady Harriett 

Lady Highthorn 

Lady Jane 

Lady Langden 

Lady Macdonald ... 

Lady Mare, The 

Lady Mary 

Lady Masliam 

Lady Moore Care«r... 

Lady Nateby 

Lady of the Lake . . . 
Lady of the Tees ... 

Lady Portland 

Lady Rachel 

Lady Eoden 

Lady Sarah 

Lady Sefton 

Lady Stumps 

Lady Thigh 

La Fh'che 

Lambkin. The 

Lamplighter 

Landgi-ave 

Landgravine 

Landscape 

Lanercost 

Langar 

Languish 

Lapdog 

Lapwing 

Lardella 

Lass of the Mill 

Liss of the Mill 

Lath 

Launcelot 

Laura 

Laurel 

Lavinia 

Layton Violet Barb 

Mare 

Leamington 

Leda 

Leedes 

Leedes Arabian 

Leedes Mare 

Legerdemain 

LeUa 

Leonidas 

Le Sang 

Letitia 

Lexicon 

L'Huile de Venus ... 



SIRE. PAGE. 

Don John 244 

Stamford 124 

Marc Antony 95 

Stockwell 369 

Sir Peter 93 

Kettledrum 331 

Touchstone 317 

Ancaster Pert 20 

Orlando 327 

Bro. to Strafford 341 

Tramp 233 

Van Galen 357 

Sorcerer 281 

Octavian 274 

The Primate 357 

Stamford 92 

West Australian 361 

Velocipede 328 

West Australian 339 

Tramp 202 

Old Partner 41 

St. Simon 367 

Camballo 351 

Merlin 175 

Sir Hercules 245 

EUs 245 

Rubens 115 

Liverpool 197 

Selim 187 

Cain 210 

Whalebone 143 

Whalebone 209 

Young Marske 125 

Old Traveller 35 

Oroonoko 59 

Godolphin Arabian... 55 

Camel 207 

Orlando 334 

Blacklock 149 

Pipator 159 

Imported 3 

Faugh-a-Ballagh 345 

Filho-da-Puta 246 

The Leedes Arabian .. 5 

Imported 5 

Leedes 25 

Pantaloon 285 

Melbourne 343 

Old Cade 35 

Changeling 37 

Highflyer 125 

Marske 55 

Whiskey 113 



NAME. 

Libel 

Lilias 

Lily 

Lily Agnes 

Linda 

Lioness 

Lisbeth 

Lisette 

Lisette 

Lister Turk 

Little Agnes 

Little Bowes 

Little Fairy 

Little Folly 

Little John 

Little John 

Little John 

Little Lady 

Little Partner 

Little Wonder 

Liverpool 

Locust 

Lofty 

Lollipop 

Lonely 

Longbow 

Longwaist 

Lonsdale Bay Arabian 
Look-at-me-Lads . . . 

Lord Clif den 

Lord Lyon 

Lord of the Isles . . . 

Lottery 

Louisa 

Louisa 

Louisa 

Lounger 

Lovely 

Lucetta 

Lucy 

Lucy Grey 

Lunacy 

Lunatic 

Lurcher 

Luss 

Lusty Thornton 

Lydia 

Mab 

Mabille 

Macaria 

Macaroni 

Macgregor 

Madam 



SIRK. PAGE. 

Pantaloon 225 

Interpreter 143 

Blank 56 

Macaroni 353 

Waterloo 281 

Fandango 323 

Phantom 326 

Snap ... 71 

Hambletonian 122 

Imported 3 

The Cure 349 

Mixbury 33 

Hornsea 350 

Highland Fling 148 

Old Partner 25 

Octavius 155 

Remembrancer 222 

Orlando 332 

Partner 176 

Muley 204 

Tramp 162 

Old Crab 211 

Godolphin Arabian... 56 
Starch or Voltaire ... 224 

Hermit 353 

Ithuriel 256 

Whalebone 139 

Imported 9 

Grasshopper 21 

Newminster 300 

Stockwell 306 

Touchstone 270 

Tramp 130 

Javelin 93 

Orville 133 

Ormond 157 

Drone 75 

Babraham 167 

Reveller 156 

Florizel 102 

Timothy 102 

Blacklock 215 

Prime Minister 277 

Dungannon 159 

Hedley 156 

Croft's Bay Barb ... 61 
Poulton 210 

Hobgoblin 33 

Parmesan 359 

Herod 230 

Sweetmeat 298 

Macaroni' 319 

Bloody Buttocks 40 



C c 



380 



Index in Pedif/rees, 8fc. 



NAME. 

Madame Eglantine . . 
Madame Pelerine . . 

Madcap 

Madame Stodare 

Madeline 

Mademoiselle 

Madame Vestris 

Maggie BB 

Maguoli 

Magnolia 

Magnolia the 

Younger 

Magniim Bonnm 

Magog 

Maiden 

Maiden 

Maid of all Work ... 
Maid of Masham . . 

Maid of Melrose 

Maid of Orleans 

Maid of Palmyia ... 
Maid of the Oaks . . . 

Mainbrace 

Makeless 

Makeless Mare 

Malck 

Malibran 

Malibran 

Malpractice 

Mambrino 

Mameluke 

Manacle 

Mandane 

Mandragora 

Manfred 

Manganese 

Mango 

Maniac 

Manilla 

Manoeuvre 

Manoeuvre 

Manuella 

Marc Antony 

Marcella 

Marchioness 

Marchioness 

Marcia 

Marciana 

Margaret 

Mai'garetta 

Margellina 

Margery 

Margerj Daw 



SIEE. PAGE. 

Cowl 314 

Velocipede 241 

Eclipse 153 

Sleight of Hand 373 

Boston 345 

Diomed 209 

Comus 282 

Australian 345 

Glencoe 345 

Maske 148 

Pegasus 228 

Match'em 51 

Match'em 51 

Match'em 48 

Sir Peter 140 

Highflyer 66 

Don John 341 

Brutandorf 215 

Sorcerer 95 

Pyrrhus the First ... 335 

Herod 57 

Sheet Anchor 276 

Sir Thomas Ogle- 
thorpe's Arabian . . 7 

Makeless 4 

Blacklock 268 

Eubens 255 

Whisker 265 

Chevalier d'Industrie 368 

Engineer 42 

Parti.san 144 

Emilius 319 

Pot-8-os 86 

Rataplan 329 

Election 119 

Irish Birdcatcher ... 277 

Emilius 193 

Shuttle 95 

Goldfinder 67 

Lord Clif den 367 

Rector 323 

Dick Andrews 101 

Spectator 43 

Mambrino 156 

Lurcher 159 

Melboiirne 270 

Coriander 202 

Stamford 202 

Edmund 197 

Sir Peter 162 

Whisker 318 

Partner 44 

Brocket 351 



NAME. 

Margrave 

Margravine 

Maria 

Maria 

Maria 

Maria 

Maria 

Maria 

Marianne 

Marianne 

Marie Stuart 

Marigold 

Maritornes 

Marksman 

Marlborough 

Marmalade 

Marmion 

Maroon 

Marotte 

Marpesea 

M arquis 

Marshall Turk 

Marske 

Martha Lynn 

Mary 

Mary 

Mary Anne 

Mary Anne 

Mary Grey 

Masquerade 

Massey Mare 

Master Henry 

Master Kildare 

Match'em 

Match'em Middleton 

Matchbox 

Matchgirl 

Matchless 

Matilda 

Matron 

Matron 

Matron's dam 

Mavis 

May Day 

May Fly 

Mayonaise 

Meeanee 

Medea 

Medora 

Medora 

Melbourne 

Meliora 

Melton 

Memnou 



SIRE. PAGE. 

Muley 167 

Little John 222 

Herod 71 

Telemachus 101 

Highflyer 143 

Waterloo 148 

Whisker 201 

Harkaway 357 

Mufti 101 

Squirrel 114 

Scottish Chief 327 

Teddinglon 326 

Cervantes 232 

Godolphin Arabian... 25 
Godolphin Arabian ... 25 

Sweetmeat 293 

A Son of Whiskey ... 205 

Mulatto 207 

Match'em 190 

Muley 205 

Stockwell 296 

Imported 5 

Squirt 30 

Mulatto 246 

Sir Peter Teazle 117 

Young Marske 245 

Sir Peter Teazle 97 

Waxy Pope 264 

Friar 253 

Marske 49 

Massey's Barb 20 

Orville 176 

Lord Ronald 352 

Old Cade 26 

Match'em 55 

St. Simon 371 

Plebeian 371 

Godolphin Arabian... 31 

Comus 147 

Alfred 77 

Florizel 79 

Bartlett's Childers... 45 

Macaroni 349 

Lamplighter 175 

Match'em 176 

Teddington 287 

Touckstone 299 

Sweetbriar 156 

Selim 107 

Swordsman 172 

Humphrey Clinker... 194 
Lord Portman's Fox 25 

Master Kildare 352 

Whisker 136 



LicJea' fo Pedigrees, 8fc. 



387 



NAME. SIRE. PAGE. 

Memoir St. Simon 363 

Mendicant Touchstone 233 

Mentmore Lass Melbourne 263 

Mentor Justice 66 

Mercury Eclipse 57 

Merlette The Baron 319 

Merlin (Old) Bustler 7 

Merlin Second 28 

Merlin Castrel 143 

Merlin Mare Merlin 43 

Merman Whalebone 304 

Merope Voltaire 330 

Merry Hampton Hampton 356 

Merry Monarch Slane 222 

Meteor Eclipse 65 

Meteor Velocipede 215 

Meteor Thunderbolt 359 

Meteora Meteor 87 

Miami Veni.son 237 

Middleton Phantom 134 

Midge A Son of Bay Bolton 62 

Midia Scutari 297 

Milkmaid Snail 25 

Miltonia Patriot 271 

Mimi Barcaldine 365 

Mincemeat Sweetmeat 265 

Mincepie Sweetmeat 274 

Mineral Rataplan 325 

Miner's dam Young Greyhound ... 33 

Miniature Rubens 135 

Minister Camillus 44 

Minnikin Manfred 305 

Minstrel Sir Peter 226 

Minthe Camballo 361 

Minting Lord Lyon 355 

Mint Sauce Young Melbourne ... 351 

Minuet Waxy Ill 

Mirella Gemma di Vergy 361 

Mirth Trumpator 237 

Mirza Godolphiu Arabian . . 67 

Misery Camerton 229 

Misnomer Merlin 272 

Miss Agnes Birdcatcher 349 

Miss Ann Figaro 303 

MissBelsea Regulus 137 

Miss Belvoire Grey Grantham 15 

Miss Bowzer Hesperus 333 

Miss Bowe Catton 251 

Miss Cannon Orville 191 

Miss Cantley Stamford 168 

Miss Cleveland Regulus 62 

Miss Cogden Phenomenon 1 59 

Mi.ss Cornforth Match'em 157 

Miss Craigie Orville 159 



NAME. 

Miss Cranbourne . . . 

Miss Cran field 

Miss Dunnington . . . 

Miss Elis 

Mi?s Euston 

Miss Foote 

Miss Furey 

Miss Garforth 

Miss Giles 

Miss Gladiator 

Miss Green 

Miss Grirastoi e 

Miss Gunpowder . . . 

Miss Hap 

Miss Harewood 

Miss Harvey 

Miss Haworth 

Miss Hornpipe Teazle 

Miss Judy 

Miss Jummy 

Miss Layton 

Miss Letty 

Miss Lydia 

Miss Makeless 

Miss Mayes 

Miss Meredith 

Miss Meynell 

Miss Middleton 

Miss Middlewick 

Miss Milner 

Miss Muston 

Miss Nancy 

Miss Nancy 

Miss Neasham 

Miss Orvilb 

Miss Paul 

Miss Pratt 

Miss Ramsilen 

Miss Roan 

Miss Roland 

Miss Sarah 

Miss Sellon 

Miss Slamerkin 

Miss Sophia 

Miss South 

Miss Starling Junr. 
Miss Stephenson ... 

Miss Thigh 

Miss Tippet 

Miss Tooley 

Miss Twickenham . . 

Miss Euston 

Miss Vernon 



SIRE. PAGE. 

GodolphLn Arabian . . 75 

Sir Peter 181 

Shuttle 169 

Stockport 227 

Snap 61 

Orlando 363 

Trumpator 274 

Walton 215 

Lottery 207 

Gladiator 304 

Highflyer 147 

Weasel 149 

Gunpowder 121 

Shuttle 159 

The Saddler 245 

Eclipse 81 

Spadille 97 

Sir Peter 149 

Alfred 75 

Petrarch 357 

Partner 333 

Priam 195 

Belshazzar 341 

Young Greyhound . 23 
Bartletf s Child ers,. 27 

Old Cade 44 

Partner 43 

Regulus 55 

Scottish Chief 369 

Malek 309 

King Fergus 271 

Beningborough 115 

Cain 365 

Hartley's Blind 

Stallion 15 

Pendulum 229 

Sir Paul 169 

Blacklock 226 

Cade 52 

Cade 40 

Fitz-Roland 333 

Don John 353 

Cowl 308 

Young True Blue ... 25 

Stamford 144 

South 34 

Bolton Grey Starling 61 

Scud 183 

Rib 49 

Mor wick Ball 240 

Teddy the Grinder . . 19 G 

Rockingham 248 

Snap 61 

Cade 35 



388 



Index to Pedigrees, 8fc. 



NAME. 

Miss Wasp 

Miss Wentworth .. 

Miss West 

Miss Western 

Miss Wilkes 

Miss Windsor 

Miss Wilkinson 

Mistake 

Mistletoe 

Mixbury Galloway.. 

Mogul 

Molly 

Molly Longlegs 

Momentilla 

Mona 

Monarque 

Monoeda 

Monica 

Monimia 

Monkey 

Monstrosity 

Montagu Mare 

Moonali Barb Mare 

Moonbeam 

Moorcock 

Morel 

Morgan La Faye . . 

Morgiana 

Morgiana 

Morgiana 

Morimnia 

Morisco 

Morocco Mare 

Morsel 

Mortemer 

Morwick Ball 

Moses 

Moses 

Mother Neasham . 

Mother Pratt 

Mother Western . , 

Mouse 

Mowerina 

Mowerina 

Mrs. Butterwick 

Mrs. Barnett 

Mrs. Cruickshanks. 

Mrs. Quickly 

Mrs. Eidgeway 

Mulatto 

Muley 

Muley Moloch 



SIEE. P.iGE. 

Waxy 119 

Cervantes 240 

Match'em 79 

Sedbury 75 

Octavian 245 

Godolphin Arabian ... 71 

Eegulus 333 

Waxy 231 

Pot-8.os 83 

Ciirwen Bay Barb ...5,14 
Godolphin Arabian . . 28 

Thoulouse Barb 17 

Babraham 76 

Bro. to Repeater ... 229 

Partisan 271 

The Emperor 304 

Taurus 271 

Sir Peter 179 

Muley 245 

Lonsdale Bay Ara- 
bian 19 

Plenipotentiary 219 

Woodcock 10 

Imported 7 

Tomboy 277 

High Flyer 153 

Sorcerer 94 

Cowl 327 

Muley 183 

Coriander 273 

Coriolanus 305 

Match'em 72 

Muley 217 

Morocco Barb 7 

Mulatto 281 

Compiegne 336 

Eegulus 51 

Foxhunter 27 

Whalebone 131 

Hartley's Blind 

Stallion 15 

Marksman 43 

Smith's Son of Snake 38 

Sir David 157 

Touchstone 229 

Scottish Chief 360 

St. Simon 369 

Waxy 109 

Welbeck 303 

Longbow 356 

Birdcatcher 282 

Catton 142 

Orville 105 

Muley 286 



NAME. SIEE. PAGE. 

Muley Moloch John Bull 83 

Mnlso Bay Turk ... Imported 17 

Mundig Catton 180 

Mungo Damascus Arabian... 59 

Muscovite Hetman Platoff 305 

Music Waxy 103 

Music Stockwell 349 

Musjid Newminster 286 

Musket Toxophilite 343 

Mustard The Property of Queen 

Anne 11 

Mustard Merlin 183 

My Lady Comus 249 

Myrrha Whalebone 234 

Myrrha Malek 268 

Mystery Jerry 339 



Nabob, The 

Nabocklish 

Nameless 

Nan Darrel 

Nancy 

Nancy 

Nancy 

Nanine 

Napoli 

Natural Barb Mare 

Necklace 

Nectar 

Nell 

Nemesis 

Nettle 

Nettle 

Neva 

Newminster 

Nicolo 

Nightshade 

Nike 

Nimble 

Nina 

Ninety-three 

Nitocris 

Noble 

Noisette 

No Name 

Northumberland 

Arabian 

Nosegay 

Nosegay 

Nun, The 

Nun Appleton 

Nunnykirk 

Nutbourne 

Nutbush 



Glaucus 291 

Eugantino 196 

Blinkhoolie 347 

Inheritor 282 

Blank 43 

Dick Andrews 139 

Pompey 249 

Selim 171 

Macaroni 365 

Imported 3 

The Fallow Buck ... 319 

Walton 113 

Blacklock 282 

Newminster 295 

Sweetmeat 364 

Bajazet 59 

Cervantes 117 

Touchstone 250 

Selim 129 

Pot-8-os 65 

Alexander 75 

Florizel 75 

Selim 151 

Florizel 71 

Whisker 276 

Highflyer 61 

Squirrel 205 

Teddington 347 

Imported 33 

Justice 71 

Snap 71 

Catton 351 

Bay Middleton 309 

Touchstone 244 

The Nabob 289 

Filbert 347 



Index to Pedi(/rees, 8fc. 



389 



NAME. SIRE. 

Nutcracker Match' em . . , 

Nutwith Tomboy . . , 



PAGE. 

. 143 
. 218 



Oatlands 

Oblivion 

Octavian 

Octaviana 

Gctavius 

Odessa 

Odine 

Oglethorpe Arabian 

Oiseau 

Old Bald Peg 

Old Bay Arabian . . . 

Old Cade 

Old Careless 

Old Cartouche 

Old Child Mare 

Old Crab 

Old Ebony 

Old England 

Old England Mare... 

Old Greyhound 

Old Hag 

Old Hautboy 

Old Lady 

Old Lady Thigh 

Old Merlin 

Old Montagu Ma-e. . . 
Old Morocco Mare. . . 

Old Partner 

Old Pert 

OldEoyal 

Old Scarborougb 

Mare 

Old Snap 

Old Sophonisba 

Old Spanker 

Old Spot 

Old Squirt Mare 

Old Tartar Mare . . . 

Old Thornton 

OldTraveUer 

Old Woodcock 

Old Wyndham 

Oleander 

OHve 

Olive 

Olivia 

Olympia 

Omphale 

One Act 

Ophelia 

Oriana 



Dungannon 125 

Jerry 252 

Stripling 97 

Octavian 206 

Orville 101 

Sultan 299 

Tigris 303 

Imported 7 

Camillus 155 

By " An Arabian "... 7 

D'Arcy Yellow Turk 7 

Godolphin Arabian... 22 

Spanker 12 

Bald Galloway 16 

Bay Roan 9 

Alcock Arabian 16 

Basto 34 

Godolphin Arabian... 59 

Old England 59 

ChiUaby 4 

Old Crab 6G 

White D'Arcy Tiu-k 5 

Pulleine Arabian 20 

Partner 41 

BiLstler 7 

Woodcock 10 

Morocco Barb 7 

Jigg 14 

ElyTurk 21 

Holderness Turk 10 

Makeless 14 

Snip 29 

Old Spanker 9 

D'Arcy Yellow Turk 7 

SelabyTurk 14 

Squirt 46 

Tartar 31 

Brimmer 61 

Old Partner 22 

D'Arcy Woodcock .. . 21 

Old Hautboy 7 

Sir David 135 

Sir Oliver 107 

Woodpecker 141 

Justice 97 

SirOliver 187 

Highflyer 60 

Annandale 349 

Bedlamite 281 

Beningborough 97 



NAME. SIEE. 

Orion Bend Or ... 

Orlando Touchstone 

Ormo Ormonde... 



PAGE 

365 

220 

366 

Ormond King Fergus 157 

Ormonde Bond Or 354 

Oroonoko Old Crab 

Orvieto Bond Or 

Orville Beningborough , 

Osmond Filho-da-Puta . . . 

Osprey Highflyer 



. 149 

. 365 

. 82 

. 217 

. 102 

Salvator 349 



Ossian 

Othello Old Crab 25 

Otheothea Otho 163 

Otho Moses 35 

Otis Bustard 197 

Otisina Liverpool 265 

Otterington Golumpns 101 

OurNell Bran 215 

Overton King Fergus 78 

Oxford Irish Birdcatcher ... 322 

Oxonian's dam Laurel 245 

Oxygen Emilius 161 



Pacolet Blank .... 

Palais Royal Blucher . 

Palm Tadmor . , 

Palmer Beadsman 

Palmflower Weasel .... 

Palmyra Sultan 

Pan 



37 

253 

. ... 311 

339 

78 

245 

St. George 93 

Pandora Wrangler 229 

Pantaloon Match'em 45 

Pantaloon Castrel 203 

Papillon Old Snap 62 

Paradigm Paragone 306 

Paradox Sterling 353 

Paraffin Blair Athol 370 

Paragon Paymaster 61 

Paragon " An Arab " 124 

Paragone Touchstone 306 

Parasol Pot.8-os 85 

Parasote Sir Peter 74 

Paris Sir Peter 91 

Parmesan Sweetmeat 320 

Parsley Pot-8-os 124 

Partiality Middleton 316 

Partisan Walton 106 

Partner (Old) Jigg 14 

Partner Old Partner 21 

Pasquinade Camel 225 

Pastille Rubens 127 

Pastorella Otho 107 

Patience Assault 349 

Patriot Bay Bolton 21 



890 



Index to Fedigrees, Sj'c. 



NAME. SIRE. PAGE. 

Patron Partisan 157 

Patty Primrose Confederate 232 

Paulina Florizel 71 

Paulina Sir Peter 93 

Paulina Buzzard 107 

Pauline Moses I'Jl 

Pauline Volcano 303 

Paulowitz Sir Paul 169 

Pawn Trumpator 143 

Pawn Junior Waxy 306 

Paymaster Blank 61 

Paynator Trumpator 108 

Pegasus Eclipse 181 

Peggy Old Cade 56 

Peggy Herod 119 

Peggy Muley Molouh 286 

Pelis.se Whiskey 87 

Pendulum Orville 229 

Penelope Trumpator ., 80 

Penny Trumpet Trumpator 101 

Pepper The property of Queen 

Anne 11 

Highflyer 172 

Herod 61 

Langar 275 

Pero Gomez 345 

Wanderer 154 

Evander 102 

317 

113 



Peppermint 

Perdita 

Perdita 

Peregrine 

Peri 

Pericles 

Pero Gomez Beadsman 

Persepolis Ale sander 



Peruvian Sir Peter 131 

Peter Hermit 341 

Peterea Sir Peter 253 

Petrarch Lord Clifden 334 

Petronel Musket 343 

Petronius Sir Peter 93 

Petworth Pj-ecipitate 183 

Pewet Tandem 65 

Phaeton King Tom 315 

Phantom Walton 98 

Pharamond Highflyer C9 

Phoebe Tortoise 41 

Phenomenon Herod 59 

Phlegon Match'em 305 



Phosphorus . 

Phryne 

Physician 

Picnic 

Piercy 

Pietas 

Pilgrimage 
Pilot 



lamplighter 192 

Touchstone 245 

Brutandorf 169 

Glaucus 227 

Atherstone 301 

Pelion 337 

The Palmer 339 

Dainty Davie 47 



Pindarrie Phantom 

Pioneer Whiskey 



123 
166 



NAME. 

Pioneer 

Pipator 

Pipylina 

Piracantha 

Pitsford 

Place's White Turk 

Placida 

Platina 

Platina 

Plaudit 

Pledge 

Plenij^otentiary 

Plover 

Plunder 

Pocahontas 

Poetess 

Poison 

PoUio 

Polly 

Polly Agnes 

Pomona 

Pomona 

Pompey 

Pope 

Pope Joan 

Popinjay 

Portia 

Portia 

Postmaster 

Potentia 

Pot-8-os 

Poulton 

Prairie Bird 

Precipitate 

Preserve 

Pretender 

Priam 

Prime Minister 

Primette 

Prince Charlie 

Prince Leopold 

Principessa 

Princess 

Princess 

Princess 

Princess 

Princess, The 

Princess of Wales . . . 

Princess Royal 

Prince T'Quassa 

Priscilla Tomboy ... 

Prism 

Prizefighter 

Problem 



SIRE. PAGE. 

Old England 188 

Tmperator 89 

Sir Peter 174 

Match'em 155 

Epirus 245 

Imported 3 

Lord Lyon 337 

Mercury 73 

Old Snap 75 

Thormanby 333 

Waxy 121 

Emiliu8 174 

Sir Peter 181 

Herod 61 

Glencoe 205 

Royal Oak 304 

Plenipotentiary 217 

Orville 175 

Black and All Black 141 

The Cure 353 

Herod 181 

Vespasian 219 

Emilius 249 

Waxy 94 

Waxy 135 

Buzzard 175 

Volunteer 67 

Regulus 197 

Herod 59 

Plenipotentiary 211 

Eclipse 50 

Sir Peter 210 

Touchstone 319 

Mercury 95 

Emilius 183 

Adventurer 316 

Emilius 158 

Sancho 149 

Prime Minister 169 

Blair Athol 325 

Hedley 115 

Blank 99 

Herod 94 

Sir Peter 133 

Eclipse 190 

Slane 219 

Merry Monarch 289 

Stockwell 328 

Castrel 182 

Snip 108 

Tomboy 273 

Camel 224. 

Florizel 172 

Merlin 143 



Index fo Pcdif/rcpf^, Sj'c. 



391 



NAME. SIRE. PAGE. 

Progress Langar 214 

Promise Old Snap 80 

Promised Land Jericho 287 

Prophet Eegiilus 35 

Proserpine Marske 83 

Protector Match'em 40 

Provost.The The Saddlor 201 

Prudence Waxy 108 

Prue Trumpator 135 

Prunella Highflyer 80 

Puce Rowton 219 

Pucelle Miiley 219 

Pumpkin Match'em 46 

Puss Teniers 208 

Pussy PoUio 175 

Puzzle Match'em 94 

Pyrrha Match'em 69 

Pyrrhus Sprightly 42 

Pyrrhus the First ... Epirus 228 



Quadrille 

Queen Anne's Moonah 

Barb Mare 

Queen Bertha 

Queen Charlotte 

Queen Elizabeth 

Queen Mab 

Queen Mary 

Queen of Beauty 

Queen of Diamonds 
Queen of the Roses 
Queen of Trumps ... 

Quick March 

Quiver 

Qui Vive 

Quiz 



Selim 173 

Imported 7 

Kingston 299 

Eli.s 289 

Eegulus 54 

EcUpae 89 

Gladiator 234 

Melbourne 317 

Diamond 182 

Sundeelah 357 

Velocipede 182 

Rataplan 367 

Young Melbourne . . . 363 

Voltigeur 367 

Buzzard 79 



Rachel Blank 43 

Rachel Highflyer 87 

Radiancy Tibthorpe 359 

Rainbow Walton 224 

Rake Wild Dayrell 373 

Rally Trumpator 83 

Ralph Dr. Syntax 213 

Ranthos Match'em 97 

Rantipole Blank 75 

Raphael Rubens 113 

Rarity Match'em 57 

Ratan Buzzard 326 

Ratcatcher's 

Daiighter Rataplan 361 

Rataplan The Baron 262 

Rattle Harpur Barb 27 

Rayon d'Or Flageolet 341 



NAME. SIRE. TAOE. 

Rebecca Soothsayer 201 

Rebecca Lottery 212 

Keceipt Rowton 283 

Red Deer Venison 289 

Red Rose Rubini 308 

Redshank Sandbeck 187 

Reel Camel 349 

Refraction Glaucus 224 

Regalia Stockwell 305 

Regina Moorcock 153 

Reginald Haphazard 125 

Regulator Careless 159 

Rogulus Godolphin Arabian... 24 

Regulus Mixbury ... Regulus 209 

Regulus Tartar Regulus 45 

Remembrance Sir Solomon 252 

Remembrancer Pipator 89 

Repeater Trumpator 229 

Repulse Stockwell 307 

Rove d'Or Hampton 357 

Reveller Comus 118 

Rhadamanthus Justice 67 

Rhedyoina Wintonian 245 

Rhoda Asparagus 114 

Rib Crab 23 

Riddlesworth Emilius 165 

Ridicule Shuttle 125 

Ridotto Reveller 296 

Rigolboche Rataplan 324 

Ringbone Old Partner 61 

Riot Regulus 56 

Rival Sir Peter 154 

Robert the Devil ... Bertram 343 

Rob Roy Blair Athol 337 

Rockingham Humphrey Cliuker .. 172 

Rockwood By a Son of the 

Tregonwell Mare. . . 20 

Romance Gouty 209 

Rosabella Whiskey 114 

Rosalind Phenomenon 91 

Rosalind Coriander 116 

Rosamond Tandem 118 

Rosamond Buzzard 129 

Roseberry Phenomenon 129 

Rosebery Speculum 361 

Rosebud Snap 137 

Rose of Kent Kingston 351 

Rosette Beningborough 118 

Rosicrucian Beadsman 314 

Rosinante's dam . . . Leedes 25 

Rouge Rose Thormanby 312 

Roundhead Flying Childers 54 

Rover, The Blair Athol 351 

Rowena Haphazard 123 



392 



Index to Fedigrees, Sfc. 



NAME. 

Eowton 

Eoxana 

Eoyal Mares 

Eoyal Oak 

Rubens 

Eubini 

Euby 

Euby Mare 

Euffler 

Eufug 

Euler 

Eugantino 

Eupee 

Eussborough 

Eutb 

Euth 

Eutilia 

Sacrifice 

Sadie 

Saddler 

Sagitta 

Sailor 

Sainfoin 

St. Albans 

St. Angela 

St. Blaise 

St. Gatien 

St. George 

St. Giles 

St. Lawrence 

St. Luke 

St. Marguerite . . . . 

St. Martin 

St. Patrick 

St. Simon 

Salamanca 

Sally 

Saltram 

Salvator 

Sam 

Sampson 

Sancho 

Sanda 

Sandal 

Sandbeck 

Saraband 

Sarcasm 

Satiety 

Satirist 

Saucebox 

Saunterer 

Scandal 

Scarborough Mare 



SIRE. PAGE. 

Oiseau 155 

Bald Galloway 22 

Imp07-ted 3 

Catton 191 

Buzzard 92 

St. Patrick 368 

Eubens 210 

Blacklegs 30 

By a Son of Brimmer 9 

Election 135 

Young Marske 56 

Commodore 196 

The Nabob 291 

Tearaway 247 

Eclipse 69 

Blank 91 

Blank 107 

Voltaire 345 

Voltigeur 365 

Waverley 162 

Longbow 289 

Scud 122 

Springfield 362 

Stockwell 290 

King Tom 350 

Hermit 348 

The Eover 351 

Highflyer 93 

Tramp 167 

Skylark 209 

Bedlamite 290 

Hermit 347 

Spanker 20 

Walton 123 

Galopin 350 

Student 317 

Sii- Peter 232 

Eclipse 57 

Dollar 349 

Scud 118 

Blaze 27 

Don Quixote 87 

Wenlock 362 

Stockwell 362 

Catton 187 

Muncaster 369 

Teniers 212 

Isonomy 359 

Pantaloon 212 

St. Lawrence 273 

Irish Birdcatcher ... 280 

Selim 228 

Makeless 14 



NAME. SIRE. PAGE. 

Sjhahriar Shuttle Pope 133 

Scheherazade Selim 316 

Scota Eclipse 107 

Scot Free Macgregor 351 

Scotia Delpini 83 

Scotilla Anvil 187 

Scotina Delpini 107 

Scottish Chief Lord of the Isles 364 

Scud Beningborough 118 

Scutari Sultan 297 

Seabreeze Isonomy 359 

Seaf owl Woodpecker 83 

Seclusion Tadmor 308 

Second Flying Childers 21 

Secret Melbourne 339 

Sedbury Old Partner 148 

Sedbury Turk Imi^orted 5 

Sefton Speculum 339 

Selaby Turk Imported 5 

Selim Buzzard 90 

Selima Selim 238 

Selina Bethell's Arabian ... 34 

Semolina St. Simon 363 

Serina Goldfinder 57 

Sergeant Eclipse 59 

Sesostris Whalebone 319 

Seymour Delpini 131 

Shakespear Hobgoblin 25 

Sharke Marske 48 

Sharper Eanthos 97 

Sheen Hampton 359 

Sheet Anchor Lottery 183 

Shepherdess Shuttle 304 

Shift Sweetbriar 190 

Shock Jigg 21 

Shotover Hermit 346 

Shoveller Scud 121 

Shuttle Young Marske 88 

Shuttle Pope Shuttle 133 

Siberia Muscovite 305 

Siffleuse Saraband 369 

Signora Old Snap 274 

Silence Melbourne 322 

Silver Mercury 148 

Silver's Dam Herod 92 

Silverhair Kingston 336 

Silverlocks Bald GaUoway 20 

Silvertail Whitenose 32 

Silvio Cade 33 



Silvio 

Singapore 
Sir Bevys.. 
Sir David 
Sir Harry 



Blair Athol 336 

Eatan 326 

Favonius 340 

Trumpator 135 

Sir Peter 77 



Index to Pedigrees, ^"-c. 



393 



NAME. 

Sir Harry Dimsdale 

Sir Hercules 

Sir Hugo 

Sir Joshua 

Sir Oliver 

Sir Paul 

Sir Peter (Teazle) . . . 

Sir Solomon 

Sir Tatton Sykes ... 

Sir Thomas 

Sir Thomas Ogle- 
thorpe's Arabian 
Sir Walter Raleigh 

Sittingbourne 

Skiff 

Skim 

Skylark 

Skypeeper 

Skyscraper 

Slane 

Slave, The 

Sleight, of -Hand 

Slighted-by-All 

Slouch 

Sloven 

Slugey 

Smiling Molly 

Smolensk© 

Snake 

Snake Mare 

Snap 

Snapdragon 

Snip 

Snowdrop 

Soldier's Joy 

Solon 

Solon 

Songstress 

Soothsayer 

Sophia 

Sophia 

Sophia 

Sophonisba (Old) .. 

Sophonisba 

Sorcerer 

Sorcery 

Soreheels 

Sorella 

Sortie 

South 

Southdown 

Spadille 

Spaniel 

Spanker (Old) 



SIRE. PAGE. 

Sir Peter 268 

Whalebone 154 

Wisdom 367 

Rubens Ill 

Sir Peter 107 

Sir Peter 169 

Highflyer 62 

Sir Peter 79 

Melbourne 232 

Pontac 65 

Im-poried 7 

Waxy 230 

Chatham 263 

Sheet Anchor 240 

Bolton Grey Starling 27 

Waxy Pope 209 

Highflyer 303 

Highflyer 67 

Royal Oak 191 

Melbourne 300 

Pantaloon 203 

Fox Cub 31 

Cade 60 

Bay Bolton 17 

Imported 4 

Darley Arabian 19 

Sorcerer 103 

Lister Turk 7 

Snake 19 

Snip 29 

Snap 53 

Flying Childers 23 

Highland Fling 165 

The Colonel 265 

Sampson 41 

West Australian 344 

Irish Birdcatcher . . . 253 

Sorcerer 100 

Buzzard 144 

Godolphin Arabian . . . 149 

Highflyer 264 

Old Spanker 9 

Dimple 15 

Trumpator 76 

Sorcerer 99 

Basto 43 

The Saddler 219 

Melbourne 307 

Regulus 34 

Defence 222 

Highflyer 63 

Whalebone 160 

D'Arcy Yellow Turk 7 



Spark Honeycomb Punch .. 27 

Spectator Old Crab 29 

Speculum Vedette 339 

Sphynx, The Newminster 373 

Spiletta Regulus 38 

Spinaway Macaroni . . 333 

Spinetta Trumpator 307 

Spinner's dam Old Hautboy 22 

Spinster Old Partner 22 

Spitfire Beningborough 139 

Spitfire Pipator 293 

Splitvote St.Luke 290 

Sportley Blank 44 

Sportsman Cade 32 

Sportsmistress Sportsman 50 

Spot (Old) Selaby Turk 14 

Spotless Walton 175 

Spot Mare Old Spot 33 

Spread Eagle Volunteer 73 

Sprightley Cade 33 

Sprightly Whiskey 209 

Springfield St. Albans 335 

Sprite Bobtail 165 

Squirrel Snake 15 

Squirrel Traveller 32 

Squirt Bartlett's Childers .. . 21 

Stamford Sir Peter 92 

Stamford Haphazard 202 

Stamp Emilius 283 

Standard Young Belgrade 23 

Star Young Marske 185 

Star Gazer Highflyer 196 

Statira Beningborough 303 

Staveley Shuttle 88 

Stella Plunder 61 

Stella Phenomenon 303 

Stella SirOliver 165 

Sterling Oxford 322 

Sting Herod 67 

Sting Slane 235 

Stockings StockweH 360 

Stockport Langar 227 

Stockwell The Baron 258 

Stradling Turk Imported 3 



Stray Shot ToxophiUte .. 

Stride Phenomenon 

Stripling Phenomenon 

Student Chatham 

Stumps Whalebone . . 

Suicide Hermit 

Sultan Selim 

Sultan Junr Sultan 



.... 346 

.... 167 

.. 97 

.. 317 

.... 199 

.. 361 

... 120 

... 253 

Summerside West Australian 287 



D D 



394 



Indeaj to Pedigrees, 8fc. 



NAME. 

Sunbeam 

Sundeelah 

Sunflower 

Sunshine 

Surefoot 

Surplice 

Surveyor's Dam 

Susannah 

Suwarrow's Dam 

Swallow 

Sweeper 

Sweepstakes 

Sweetbriar 

Sweet Hawthorn 

Sweetmeat 

Sweetpea 

Sweet William .... 

Swift's Dam 

Swordsman 

Swordsman 

Sybil 

Sycee 

Sylvia 

Symmetry 

Syphon 

Tact 

Tadmor 

Taffrail 

Tag 

Tandem 

Tantrum 

Tantrum 

Tarantella 

Tarrare 

Tartar 

Tartar 

Tartar Mare 

Taurus 

Teddington 

Teddy the Grinder. 

Tee-to-Tum 

Teniers 

Teresa 

Termagant 

Tertia 

Tesane 

Thalestris 

Theano 

Thebais 

Theodore 

Theon 

Theophania 



SIRE. PAGE. 

Chanticleer 285 

Jeremy Diddler 357 

BayMiddleton 285 

Thormanby 319 

Wisdom 363 

Touchstone 240 

Tartar 214 

Bajazet 209 

Young Marske 121 

Cotherstone 351 

Sloe 175 

Bloody Shouldered 

Arabian 16 

Syphon 44 

Sweetmeat 357 

Gladiator 224 

Selim 207 

Syphon 40 

Old Cartouche 33 

Prizefighter 172 

Weasel 210 

Interpreter 232 

Marsyas 351 

Young Marske 151 

Delpini 77 

Squirt 30 

Wisdom 373 

Ion 245 

Sheet Anchor 304 

Trentham 65 

Syphon 66 

Cripple 37 

Lord Lyon 356 

Tramp 173 

Catton 141 

Old Partner 25 

Florizel 69 

Tartar 81 

Phantom 291 

Orlando 248 

Asparagus 196 

Match'em 56 

Eubens 208 

Match'em 61 

Tantrum 65 

Emilius 240 

Whisker 274 

Alexander 154 

Waverley 293 

Hermit 345 

Woful 126 

Emilius 208 

Delpini 85 



NAME. SIKE. 

Thistle Scottish Chief. 

Thomasina Timothy 

Thormanby Windhound 

Thoulouse Barb Imported 

Throstle Petrarch 



PAGE. 

. 364 
. 133 

. 288 

5 

372 

Thunderbolt Counsellor 17 

Tliunderbolt Sorcerer 94 

Thunderbolt StockweU 289 

TickleToby Alfred 113 

Tiffany Eclipse 123 

Tifter Thoulouse Barb 23 

Tiger Sir Paul 273 

Tigris Quiz 113 

Timothy Delpini 75 

Tippitywitchett Waxy 164 

Tipple Cider King Fergus 151 

Tiresias Soothsayer 121 

Titania Shakespear 230 

Tobinia Toby 229 

Tomato King Tom 303 

Tomboy Jerry 273 

Tommy Wildair 55 

Tomyris Sesostris 319 

Tontine Election 135 

Torment Alarm 307 

Tormentor King Tom ... 307 

Tortoise Crab 55 

Totteridge Dungannon 156 

Touchstone Camel 176 

ToxophiUte Longbow 5^85 

Trafalgar Sir Peter 89 

Tramp Dick Andrews 104 

Trampoline Tramp 178 

Trappist Hermit 361 

TraveUer (Old) Old Partner 22 

Traverser Gilbert Gurney 229 

Treasure Camillus 199 

Trentham Sweepstakes 40 

Trifle Justice 61 

Trophonius Sorcerer 99 

True Blue Honeywood's White 

Arabian 11 

Truffle Sorcerer 99 

Trumpator Conductor 64 

Trumpeter Orlando 287 

Trumpet ta Trumpator 119 

Tuberose Herod 51 

Tulip Damper 74 

Turcoman Selim 145 

Turf Match'em 37 

Turk Regulus 211 

Turnus Taurus 291 

Turquoise Selim 151 

Twinkle Walton 287 



Index to Fedigrces, 8(0. 



395 



NAME SIRE. 

Tyrant Pot-8-os . 



PAGE. 

. 83 



Ugly Buck, The 
Underhand 



Venison 219 

The Cure 281 



Vaga Stockwell 3£7 

Vale Eoyal Sorcerer 241 

Valentine Voltaire 237 

Valiant's Dam Old Crab 50 

Valye Bob Booty 175 

Vandyke Junr Walton 135 

Vanity Buzzard 122 

Van Tromp Lanercost 238 

Varennes Selim 147 

Varia Lottery 227 

Variation Bustard 159 

Variety Selim 165 

Variety Hyacinthus 210 

Varsoviana Ion 295 

Vat Lacgar 312 

Vauban Muscovite 311 

Vedette Voltigeur 282 

Velocipede Blacklock 152 

Velvet Oiseau 177 

Venison Partisan 186 

Venom Rubens 203 

Venus Eclipse 65 

Venus Sir Hercules 251 

Verdure King Tom 367 

Verulam Lottery 208 

Vespa Muley 1 73 

Vesta Delpini 89 

Vesuvienne Gladiator 348 

Vex Vedette 356 

Vexation Touchstone 312 

Vicissitude Pipator 112 

Victoria Tramp 253 

Vintner Mare Pedigree unknown ... 7 

Violante John Bull 91 

Violet Sharke 67 

Violet Thormanby 352 

Violet Meb-ose Scottish Chief 352 

Virago The Panton Arabian 55 

Virago Old Snap 57 

Virago Pyrrhus the First .. 267 

Virgin Sir Peter 152 

Virginia Rowton 267 

Viridis Marsyas 335 

Viscount Stamford 123 

Vista Macaroni 367 

Vixen Holderness Turk 9 

■Vixen Regulus 120 

Vixen Pot-8-os 202 

Volante Highflyer 69 



NAME. SIRE. 

Volatile Buckthorn 

Volcano Vulcan 

Volley Voltaire . . 

Voltaire Blacklock . . 

Voltigeur Voltaire .. 

Volunteer Eclipse 

Vulcan Verulam . . 

Vulture Langar 

Vulture's dam Justice 



^AGE. 

301 
303 
300 
155 
216 
60 
208 
223 
121 



Wag-tail 

Walnut 

Walton 

Wanderer 

Wanowna 

War Eagle 

Warlock 

Warlock Galloway... 

Warter 

Warwick Mare 

Warwickshire Wag's 

dam 

Wasp 

Wasp 

Waterloo 

Waterwitch 

Waverley 

Waxy 

Waxy Pope 

Weasel 

Weatherbit 

Weathercock 

Web 

Wedding Day 

Welbeck 

Wenlock 

West Australian ... 
West Country Lass 

Whalebone 

Wheat Ear 

Wheel of Fortune . . . 

Whim 

Whimsey 

Whisker 

Whiskey 

Whisper 

Whistlejacket 

White Mare 

White Turk 

White D'Arcy Turk 

Whitefoot 

Whitelock 

Whiteneck 

Whitenose 



Prime Minister 149 

Highflyer 97 

Sir Peter 84 

Gohanna 154 

Womersley 343 

Lanercost 237 

Irish Birdcatcher ... 276 

Lister's Snake 19 

King Fergus 75 

Merman 304 

Marlborough 48 

Gohanna 137 

Muley Moloch 364 

Walton 148 

Sir Hercules 264 

Whalebone 162 

Pot-8-os .. 71 

Waxy 94 

Herod 55 

Sheet; Anchor 227 

Ruler 105 

Waxy 132 

Camel 318 

Soothsayer 143 

LordClifden 325 

Melbourne 260 

Venison 357 

Waxy 96 

Young Melbourne ... 351 

Adventurer 340 

Drone 230 

The Darley Arabian 9 

Waxy 110 

Saltram 68 

Flatcatcher 322 

Mogul 28 

By a Son of Regulus 51 

Imported 2 

Imported 5 

Bay Bolton 25 

Hambletonian 91 

Paaton's Crab 37 

Hall's Arabian 15 



396 



Index to Pedi</rees, Sfc. 



NAME. 

Whitworth 

Whizgig 

Wif ey 

Wildair 

Wild Dayrell 

Wild Goose 

William 

Wilna 

Wilson Chestnut 

Arabian 

Windhound 

Wings 

Wintonian 

Wire 

Witch 

Witticism 

Wizard 

Wizard 

Woful 

Woodbine 

Woodbine 

Woodcock 

Woodcock 

Woodcock Thornton 

Woodcot 

Woodcraft 

Woodpecker 

Woodstock Arabian 

Wowski 

Wren 

Wryneck 

Wyndham 



SIRE. PAGE. 

Agonistes 188 

Rubens 161 

Cremorne 359 

Cade 55 

Ion 268 

Highflyer 116 

Governor 107 

Smolensk© 273 

Imported 22 

Pantaloon 288 

The Flyer 135 

Camel 245 

Waxy 175 

Sorcerer 264 

Sultan Junior 253 

Sorcerer 95 

West Australian 291 

Waxy 101 

Woodpecker 103 

Stockwell 352 

Merlin 13 

Bustler 10 

Woodcock 44 

Mentor 230 

Voltigeur 318 

King Herod 52 

Imported 9 

Mentor 94 

Woodpecker 75 

Beningborongh 240 

OldHaiitboy 7 



Xantippe Eclipse 68 

X.Y.Z Haphazard 222 

X.Y.Z.'s dam Spadille 188 



Yellow Filly ... 
Yellow Jack .... 
Yorkshire Jenny 
Young Belgrade . 



Tandem 61 

Irish Birdcatcher ... 275 

Young Cade 36 

Belgrade Turk 19 



Young 
Young 
Young 
Young 
Young 
Young 
Young 
Young 
Young 
Young 
Young 
Young 
Young 
Young 
Young 
Young 
Young 
Young 
Young 
Young 
Young 
Young 
Young 
Young 
Young 



NAME. 

Cade 

Camilla 

Child Mare . . . 

Drone 

Ebony 

Eclipse 

Emilius 

Flora 

Giantess 

Greyhound 

Gohanna 

Gouty 

Hag 

Heroine 

Magnolia 

Marske 

Melbourne . 

Noisette 

Eachel 

Sir Peter 

Sweet Pea . . 

Tiffany 

Traveller 

Trunnion 
Woodpecker 



SIRE. PAGE. 

Old Cade 27 

Woodpecker 86 

Harpur Barb 9 

T)rone 153 

Flying Childers 34 

Eclipse 57 

Emilius 289 

Highflyer 65 

Diomed 76 

Old Greyhound 15 

Gohanna 234 

Gouty 268 

Skim 66 

Bagot 190 

Highflyer 228 

Marske 45 

Melbourne 303 

Diomed 205 

Volunteer 92 

Doge 139 

Godolphin 207 

Highflyer 123 

King Fergus 67 

Cade 67 

Woodpecker 143 



Zaida Sir Peter 125 

Zaire Selim 163 

Zara Eclipse 172 

Zara Delpini .. . 

Zeal Partisan . 

Zebra Partisan . 

Zephyr King Tom. 

Zephyretta Hedley ... 

Zilia 



206 

125 

203 

320 

163 

Eclipse 215 



Zinc Woful 

Zinganee Tramp 



129 
153 



Zodiac St. George 194 



Zoe Orville 

Zora Selim 

Zoraida Don Quixote 



151 
113 
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