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Full text of "Farmer, Yesterday and Today: Families, Individuals, Churches, Schools"

YESTERDAY AND fODM 



Edited by Zeb R. Denny 



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THE LIBRARY OF THE 

UNIVERSITY OF 

NORTH CAROLINA 

AT CHAPEL HILL 




THE COLLECTION OF 
NORTH CAROLINIANA 

ENDOWED BY 

JOHN SPRUNT HILL 

CLASS OF 1889 



C971.76 

P23f 



FOR USE ONLY IN 
THE NORTH CAROLINA COLLECTION 




FARMER 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/farmeryesterdayt1981denn 



FARMER 

YESTERDAY AND TODAY 

Families. . .Individuals. . .Churches. . .Schools 



Researched and Compiled by \ 
Leah Hammond and Charles Lester Cranford; 
Current photography by Ralph L. Bulla; 
Edited by Zeb R. Denny 



Published By 

Wooten Printing Co., Inc. 

Welcome, N.C. 

1981 



Design Typesetting 

Mintha W. Beane Susan S. Wagnet 



IV 



FP3V 



This book is humbly dedicated to: 




Hope Hubbard 

who, like Dorcas, "went about doing good," as one who, 
for about 70 years, served Farmer as one dedicated to its 
welfare, and whose kindly personality enriched the lives 
of those who came to know her 




Mi 



Percy Morgan 

who has been called the "Farmer Missionary" because of 
his concerned efforts to help everyone in need, and to 
make the Farmer Community a place for better living 



Foreword 



Some have referred, with justification surely, to Farmer and its environs 
as the "Garden Spot of the County." Its setting among the Uwharrie 
Hills — dark nearby, blue across the distances; its never-too-hot, never - 
too-cold climate; its ample rainfall; and its fertile soil — all combine to make 
it a good place to live. But Farmer has not been limited to the production of 
corn, wheat, and soybeans; it has also grown a goodly crop of Homo sapiens. 

While we who put this book together recognize the importance of farm 
commodities, we have been primarily interested in the people who have lived 
and died here, or who have made it their home for a period and moved on. 

It has been in the hope that the people's story could be told in the annals of 
their churches, schools, families, and a limited number of individuals — that it 
could be presented in the spirit of those who have been the warp and woof of 
its existence, manifesting the industry, honesty, and charity that have been 
woven into their lives and characters. 

In gathering materials from many sources — sources which did not always 
agree on some items — the correct names, places, and dates were sometimes dif- 
ficult to determine. Therefore, tolerance is begged of readers when they find 
their own knowledge and memory at variance with statements in the book. The 
readers may rest assured that the mistakes, if present, were not intended. 

And apologies are humbly offered to those hundreds of unrecognized 
citizens who have, in their own way, contributed materially to the Farmer 
Story. 

The purpose in compiling the Farmer Story has been (1) to preserve, in 
written form, its people's heritage, and (2) to give those who continue the 
tradition an insight into their past, and, perhaps, a hope for the future. 



vu 



Acknowledgements 



Many sources have been used in the preparation of this book. Many 
people deserve a note of thanks. Since some of this material was 
secured through complicated and involved channels, it is difficult 
to single out every contributor, but to those unmentioned, the compilers of 
this history are also grateful. 

The following families, whose descendants furnished the family data, have 
been most helpful: Binghams, Cranfords, Dunbars, Horneys, Johnsons, 
Kearns, Lassiters, Lowes, Lyndons, McMasters, and Morgans. Some in- 
dividuals should be singled out for their enthusiastic support and help: Reid 
Kearns, Esta Horney Morgan, and Percy and Ocia Morgan. 

Several newspapers have supplied articles dealing with the history and per- 
sonalities of the Farmer area over the years: the Asheboro Courier-Tribune, 
the High Point Enterprise, and the Greensboro Daily. 

The compilers of this book are indebted to the Randolph County Historical 
Society and its book, Randolph County 1779-1979, as well as its editors, 
Charlesanna L. Fox, Dwight M. Holland and Mrs. Carolyn Neely Hager, the 
latter for her personal aid; and to Ralph L. Bulla for his photographic 
contributions. 

A note of thanks to the Carl Nance family for the abstracts to the old deeds. 
And to the Farmer High School and the Southwestern Randolph County 
School for their publications over the years. 

To Zeb Denny, who edited the material, typed it, and helped generally in 
putting the book together, a vote of thanks (Zeb, who lives in Roanoke 
Rapids, N.C., became interested in the Farmer Story through his wife, the 
former Sue Morgan, one of Farmer's many children that have gone out to take 
the spirit of Farmer into the four corners of the state and beyond). 

Our thanks also to The Wooten Printing Company, Inc., and its staff; 
especially to Wilma Kearns Wooten, who took great interest in the book and 
rendered such valuable aid toward its completion. 

Leah Hammond 
Charles Lester Cranford 



LX 



Leah Hammond 




S 



ince her retirement from 
teaching, Miss Leah Ham- 
mond, whose idea initiated 
this book and whose untiring re- 
search played an important role in 
its completion, has found her time 
filled with many activities. She has 
been busy with handicraft, garden- 
ing, visiting, traveling, church work, 
and tracing the genealogy of her 
family — the last activity evident in 
this account of the families of 
Farmer. 

Born to a family whose roots go 
back to pioneering days, she grew up 
in the neighborhood, received her 
public education there, and taught 
in the Farmer school for almost four 
decades. During those years she 
visited England in 1938 as a repre- 
sentative to an International Young Friends Conference. In 1952 she went 
with fourteen other Tar Heels to Oxford, England, to attend the Third Friends 
World Conference, and toured France, Switzerland, Germany, Holland, 
Belgium, and Scotland. Since retirement she has traveled to Nassau and in 
Mexico. 

Miss Hammond still finds, however, that Farmer and the Uwharrie Hills call 
for and get her loyalty and love. 



Leah Hammond 



XI 



Zeb R. Denny 




Zeb R. Denny 



Zeb R. Denny, who edited 
and typed a good portion of 
this book, is a native of Surry 
County, having spent his boyhood 
among the foothills around the Pilot 
Mountain, and finished high school 
at the town of Pilot Mountain. He 
met his wife, Sue Morgan Denny, 
while both attended High Point 
College. 

During his vocational years, he 
taught school (32 years), coached 
athletics for many years, served as a 
school administrator, as a reporter 
and city editor of a newspaper, and 
as a bank teller and assistant cashier. 
Meanwhile he and Sue were rearing 
three children: Flo Denny Durway 
and Sue Morgan Denny, both 
teachers in High Point, and Stephen 



Joel Denny, who is affiliated with livestock production in Wisconsin. 

Since his retirement in 1973, Zeb has been engaged in freelance writing 
and working on a number of books, in addition to his gardening, golf, and 
church (Presbyterian) work. 

"I enjoy writing," he says when asked about his motive in writing the 
Farmer story. "When Miss Hammond, along with my sister-in-law Ocia 
Morgan, asked me to give them a hand with the project, I was ready. Creating 
a story for people to read, as well as trying to capture and preserve for posterity 
the culture of a people, has long held a fascination for me." 



xm 



Ralph L. Bulla 



Ralph L. Bulla is a native and lifelong resi- 
dent of Randolph County. He was born in 
Back Creek Township. He is a retired 
supervisor of Acme-McCrary Corp. in Asheboro. 
He has served as a news correspondent and feature 
writer for The Courier- Tribune for more than 40 
years. He has been active in the reunion organiza- 
tion of the Bulla, Farlow, and Millikan families for 
the same period of time. He has also identified 
himself with the political scene in Randolph Coun- 
ty since reaching his majority. He served for 20 
years as the chairman of The National Founda- 
tion—March of Dimes in Randolph County. 



Charles Lester Cranford 

Lester Cranford is a native and lifetime resi- 
dent of Randolph County. He was born in 
Concord Township and is a retired super- 
visor of Burlington Industries. He is a graduate of 
Farmer High School and a veteran of World War 
II Army Air Force Branch. He has been active in 
Geneology since retirement. 



WlLMA KEARNS WOOTEN 

Wilma Kearns Wooten is a resident of 
Winston -Salem. She was born in 
High Point, the daughter of Earl and 
Velon Kearns Kearns. She graduated from High 
Point High School and was active in the band and 
orchestra. She is married to Robert A. Wooten 
and has three children, Bobby Joe Lain, Robbie 
and Melanie. She is associated with her husband 
as Sales Manager and Secretary of Wooten Print- 
ing Company. 




Ralph L. Bulla 




Charles Lester Cranford 




Wilma Kearns Wooten 



Contents 



Dedication v 

Foreword vii 

Acknowledgements ix 

Contents xvii 

Part I — Background i 

i. Historical Development 3 

i. Farmer Is Born 7 

3. The Village Grows 9 

4. Once An Indian's Paradise n 

5 . Early Activities 14 

6. Early Industries 17 

7. Deed Abstracts 18 

Part II — Churches 13 

1. Salem United Methodist Church 15 

I. New Hope United Methodist Church 30 

3. Mt. Tabor Methodist Memorial Chapel 31 

4. Farmer United Methodist Church 34 

5 . Piney Grove United Methodist Church 36 

6. Pleasant Union Congregational Christian Church 38 

7. Salem United Church of Christ 39 

8. Mary Moon and Science Hill Friends Meeting 40 

9. Hoover's Grove Wesley an Church 41 

10. Gravel Hill Baptist Church 43 

II. Oak Grove United Methodist Church 44 

11. Farmer Baptist Church 45 

13. Union Methodist Church 46 

14. Calvary Gospel Church 46 

15. St. Mark's United Methodist Church 47 

Part III — Schools 49 

1. Academies and Institutes 51 

I. Science Hill Academy 51 

3 . Oak Grove School 52. 

4. New Hope School- Academy 53 

5 . The Saga of Farmer School 56 

100TH Anniversary 74 

6. Bombay Institute 75 

7. Piney Grove School 78 

8. Davis Mountain School 80 

9. Redberry School 83 

10. One Room Schools 84 

Salem School 84 

Fairmont School 85 

Schools Absorbed by the Farmer School 86 

II. Textbooks 87 

xvii 



Contents 



Part IV — Families, Anniversaries, and Individuals 91 

1. Farmer: Yesterday and Today 9 3 

2.. Farmer Families 94 

Adams 94 

Allred 94 

Bescher 94 

Bingham 94 

Brown 98 

Burkhead 98 

Cashatt 98 

COPPLE 99 

Cornelison 99 

Cranford 100 

Davis 106 

Dorsett 107 

Dunbar 107 

Elliott 107 

Fuller 107 

Garner 109 

Hammond no 

Harris m 

HENSON 113 

Horney 114 

Howard 115 

Hughes 115 

Ingram 116 

Johnson 116 

Kearns (Keerans) 110 

Lassiter 1 34 

Lewis 136 

Loflin 136 

Lowe 136 

Luther 138 

Lyndon 138 

Macon 138 

McMasters 139 

Morgan 140 

Morris 141 

Nance 143 

Pierce 146 

Richey 146 

Ridge 147 

Rush 147 



Contents 



Snider 148 

Spencer 148 

Thornburg 148 

Wham 150 

Winslow 150 

Wood 151 

3. Anniversaries 154 

Mr. and Mrs. Carson Cranford 154 

Mr. and Mrs. Grady Cranford 155 

Mr. and Mrs. R.L. Davis 156 

Mr. and Mrs. Madison Hammond 157 

Mr. and Mrs. A. Reid Kearns 158 

Mr. and Mrs. Henry Nance 159 

Mr. and Mrs. William Penn Thornburg 160 

4. Individuals 161 

Buggy Making Near Farmer 161 

Nlxon Cranford, Publisher i6z 

Mrs. Ossie Cranford 162. 

J. Hyatt Hammond 163 

Sherman Hoover 164 

Dr. Hubbard 164 

My Story: Dr. Charles C. Hubbard 166 

Mrs. Frances Walker Porter Hubbard 167 

The Hubbards' Library 167 

Hope Hubbard 168 

The Skeleton in Hope's Closet 170 

Nancy Jean Kearns 171 

Jack and His Mules 172. 

Grady Miller — Musician 173 

Grady Miller 173 

Michael Morgan 175 

Percy Morgan — The Farmer Missionary 175 

Russell Funeral Home 177 

Agriculture Teachers 178 

Merchants 179 

Professional Men 179 

Part V — Bible Excerpts 181 

1. Ivy Kearns 183 

x. Estella Elliott Kearns 183 

3. Allen Kearns 184 

4. Samuel Arnold 185 

5 . William T. Kearns 186 

Part VI — Veterans 189 

xix 



Contents 



i. The Civil War 191 

1. Civil War Story 196 

3. World War I 196 

4. World War II 2.02. 

Part VII — Cemeteries 2.07 

1. Kearns Cemetery 109 

1. Farmer Cemetery m 

3 . Salem Methodist Cemetery 112. 

4. Hoover Cemetery 113 

5 . Death Dates 113 

Part VIII — Post Offices 2.15 

1. Farmer Post Office 2.17 

1. Reading the Mail at Farmer no 

3 . Post Offices in the Farmer Area 2.2.1 

Part IX — Recent Changes 115 

1. Farmer Fire Department 117 

1. New Hope Volunteer Fire Department 118 

3. New Industries 119 

4. A Statistical Capsule 130 

Part X — Memorabilia 131 

i. uwharrie rtver floods 133 

I. Moving in 1912. 134 

3. Jube Horney's Back Porch Store 2.3 5 

4. John Dunbar's Balky Horse 136 

5 . Saltpeter Branch 136 

6. Farmer Participates in Pageant 137 

7. Jackson Creek Bridge 2.37 

8. The Jesse Phillips Story 138 

9. A Hoover Story 139 

10. Gabriel Blows His Horn 139 

II. Black People of Farmer 241 

11. U. Winston "Dump" Lassiter 241 

13. Lassiter's Mill 241 

14. Hope Hubbard's Museum 244 

15 . A Reid Kearns Story 245 

16. A Lesson in Collecting 245 

17. "I'll Be There. . ." 246 

18. Frederick Farmer's Will 247 

19. The Madison Hammond House 247 

2.0. An Assortment of Memories 249 



XX 



IIWHARKTF. HtTJ.S 

Those majestic Uwharrie Hills, 
clothed in spired pines and massive oaks 
with music piped by rocky rills, 
became a haven for the Farmer Folk. 

They saw their ancient parent peaks 
erode and shrink with wind and rain, 
and the valleys, sharp and deep, 
soften and widen into wooded plain. 

They heard the Indian s padded feet 
tramping guardedly to and fro, 
heard the settlers, in cold and heat, 
cautiously coming, milk cow in tow. 

They heard the ring of the chopping ax, 
felt the gouge of the colters tongue, 
smelled the fumes of candle wax— 
saw the white mans era begun, 

Saw the houses and barns arise, 
the church with pointing steeple, 
watched the news birth, the olds demise, 
hallowed the closely knitted family ties, 
and gave a grace to a sturdy people. 

— Zeb Denny 






* 









I 




- 







•t 






Aerial view of Farmer, showing school complex, the United Methodist Church at right, the crossroads and post office and store 
in left foreground, the Dunbar Bridge Road left center, the dwellings and Farmer Baptist Church on the left. 



Photograph by Eddie Hough 



xxii 




Parker's Mill on the Uwharrie in recent years. Abandoned in 1943, the dam is now being replaced by another, which will store 
water for the City of Asheboro. 



Photograph by Eddie Hough 



xxni 



I — Background 

Historical Development 
Farmer is Born 
The Village Grows 
Once an Indian's Paradise 
Early Aclwities 
Deed Abstracts 



Historical Development 



Farmer, North Carolina, is a western Ran- 
dolph County community featured by roll- 
ing terrain, a dozen or so well -spaced, 
comfortable- looking dwellings, a couple of 
modern church buildings, a burial ground, a gen- 
eral store, a Grange hall, an elementary school, a 
seed-cleaning mill, and a "station" post office — 
all surrounded by red -land grain farms, well-kept 
and prosperous appearing. 

The center of the community — at a crossroads 
where the post office and general store are 
located — rests on a knoll that is a part of a high 
ridge overlooking the valley of the Uwharrie River 
to the northeast, and the bottomlands of Tom's 
Creek to the south, beyond which low, wooded 
hills, usually blanketed by a light blue haze, 
stretch all the way to the Yadkin River Valley, 
fifteen miles away. To the north and east and west 
the low, rounded promontories of the Uwharrie 
Mountains rise up to break the horizon, which 
consists of an uneven line of distance -dimmed 
treetops, almost all of which are of the hardwood 
variety. 



The heavily -forested Uwharries are formed by 
monadnocks — mountainous hills undergirded by 
erosion -resistant rock — left in the Piedmont 
plain as the plain wore down over the millen- 
niums. They are related, geologically, to the 
Saura mountains in Stokes County, the Brushies 
in Wilkes, and the Kings Mountain Range in 
Gaston County. 

The country-side around Farmer is well 
watered. Ever-flowing springs and streams 
abound, with the Uwharrie River and Tom's 
Creek, plus Jackson and Caraway creeks, well- 
known landmarks. Each stream has an endless 
number of small tributaries. Good wells, with 
mineral-free water, furnish ample supplies to the 
homes. 

Except for some small areas of rugged hillsides, 
the Farmer environs have long been the habitat of 
human beings. Artifacts turned up in the plowed 
fields and excavated along the Uwharrie River 
reveal the presence of humankind as long ago as 
10,000 years B.C. When the early explorers John 
Lederer and John Lawson crossed that section of 




"Farmer" the sign that proclaims to the world a place of deep-rooted and hard-working people, with strong family ties and a 
continuing loyalty to their community. 




■Copyrighted by L. Johnson, 1884. Q " 

4 



the state in 1670 and 1700 respectively, they 
found Indians still living in the general area, a 
sizable village being visited between the Uwharrie 
River and Caraway Creek a few miles north of 
Farmer. In later years, excavations have revealed 
that more ancient peoples lived along the rivers, 
especially in the locality of the Uwharrie Country 
Club, which is a couple of miles downriver from 
Farmer today. More recently, an archaeologist was 
"stunned at the number of village sites and den- 
sity of population." 

The countryside around Farmer has always 
been, and still is, a place that favors the breeding 
and propagation of wild creatures. Deer, rabbits, 
squirrels, raccoons, opposums, wild turkeys, and 
quail are still found — some in large numbers — a 
fact that is substantiated by the multitude of No 
Hunting posters tacked up on practically every 
fence post and tree trunk along the roadside. A 
trip into the woods will also reveal deer stands — 
platforms affixed high in trees for hunters to stand 
on and watch for the passing deer — every few 
hundreds of yards. In almost any field can be 
found a multitude of their sharply pointed hoof 
prints. 

However, the larger area around Farmer, prob- 
ably because it did not have a water course 
suitable for extensive canoe travel, seems never to 
have been occupied by the more powerful and 
influential tribes like the Catawbas and the 
Cherokees. Those who lived among the Uwharrie 
Mountains, at least after the white man made his 
first contacts with them, were probably splinter 
groups subject to the larger, more powerful 
tribes. 

From the day of the first white settler in the 
central part of the state, the area that was to 
become "Farmer" has been the scene of con- 
tinuous activity. One of the first roads opened in 
western North Carolina — the Cape Fear to Salis- 
bury road — passed through the vicinity of 
Farmer. According to the Collet map of 1770, it 
followed the route of the present Farmer- Denton 
road through the community and crossed the 
Uwharrie River at or near the spot where the Dun- 
bar Bridge spans the stream today. The road far- 
ther west intersected the North Carolina-Virginia 
Indian Trading Path. East of Farmer that first 
road joined the Moore Road that ran up the Vo- 
haree Creek Valley (the Uwharrie) from Anson 
County to Guilford County, passing by the 
Keyauee Indian village about six miles west of 
present-day Asheboro. 



However, Randolph County Historian Tom 
Presnell questioned the old maps and legends 
regarding the Indian Trading Path. He insisted 
that after reaching Randleman from the east, as 
the highway marker on 220 indicates, the path 
swerved south to cross the Uwharrie at or near the 
old ford below the Bob Fuller farm, thence 
through Farmer and on west into present David- 
son County at the site of today's Denton, placing 
Farmer on the mainstream of travel and activities 
at an earlier date than usually accepted. Mr. 
Presnell bases his contention on the own walking 
explorations of the trading path route through 
the county. 

It is not known when the first settler, following 
the trappers and the Indian traders, led his ox- 
drawn cart and family into the wilderness along 
the Uwharrie, cleaned out his spring, threw up his 
log cabin, and started his home. But it is recorded 
that Arthur Dobbs, Henry McCulloh, Murray 
Crymble, and James Huey were granted 
1,200,000 acres on the Eno, Yadkin, and Cataw- 
ba rivers in 1737, provided they brought in 
substantial settlers. By 1754, they had induced 
854 people into the territory, most of them taking 
up homesteads along the Eno and Haw rivers. By 
1764 some settlers had moved west beyond the 
Yadkin, over- running the Uwharrie Valley. 

In 1752 Moravian Bishop Spargenberg wrote 
that many people were moving to North Carolina 
from Pennsylvania. Those emigres — who proved 
to be Scotch- Irish, German, and Welsh mostly — 
made their way, not up some navigable stream 
like the Cape Fear, but down the Philadelphia 
Wagon Road, frequently called the "Bad Road," 
which began at the Schuylkill River Ferry opposite 
Philadelphia, ran west through Lancaster, to Har- 
ris's Ferry on the Susquehanna, thence through 
York to Williams' Ferry on the Potomac, where it 
entered the "Great Valley of Virginia," passing 
through Winchester, Strasburg, and the Staun- 
ton, crossing the James at present-day Buchan- 
non, and turning south to the present site of 
Roanoke, thence eastward through Staunton Gap 
to the Blue Ridge, then southward again, crossing 
the Blackwater, Irvine, and Dan rivers, thence to 
Wachovia on Muddy and Salem creeks, tributar- 
ies of the Yadkin. 

Thus the two streams of settlers converged on 
the Randolph section of the state — one that came 
up the Cape Fear to spread out from Cross Creek 
(Fayetteville today) and one that swept down 
from the North. Both streams carried a mixture of 




Allen Nance Store at Jackson's Creek about the turn of the century. Store was later owned by Clarence Ridge, at present by 
Kent Ridge. Nance is sitting in the chair center. Henry Nance leans against a post at right. Allen Nance was exempted from 
military service, being a tanner by trade, until the last year. He was captured at Petersburg after throwing his rifle in a 
brushpile. 



nationalities, apparently dominated by the Scotch 
and Germans. 

The fast filling region caused the North 
Carolina legislature (still a colonial body at the 
time) to create in rapid succession Johnson and 
Granville counties in 1746, Anson in 1750, 
Orange in 1752, and Rowan in 1753. Guilford 
was formed from Rowan and Orange in 1771. 
Then Randolph was carved from Guilford in 
1779; thus the earliest records of the settlers in 
Concord Township will be found in the records of 
Rowan and Guilford counties. 

Among those who first came to the new coun- 
ties were the Boones, a Quaker family from the 
Schuylkill River Valley in Pennsylvania, who 
brought with them their eighteen year old son 



Daniel. They settled on the Yadkin in upper 
Rowan County in 1752. After helping his family 
get situated, Daniel in 1769 set out to find the 
Warriors' Path across the mountains, thereby 
opening the Kentucky territory and the vast 
regions beyond to exploration and settlement, a 
country that was to lure many people from Ran- 
dolph during the 1830's. 

Undoubtedly, there were those who came into 
the Farmer section of the country during those 
early days, but they built their temporary cabins, 
and, like Boone, moved on to more promising 
lands, oftentimes leaving but a crude stone fire- 
place to mark the site of their abode. Their story 
is lost. 



Farmer Is Born 



As historians have tried to trace the dim 
trail of the hamlet of Farmer back to its- 
origin, they have found evidence to sug- 
gest that it grew up around a crossing of two 
roads: one going west from a ford where the Dun- 
bar Bridge was later built, the other running 
south from Fuller's Ford on the north, that the 
road intersection was conducive to trade, that the 
knoll the roads crossed was a likely dwelling place. 
It has been further suggested that the name 
"Farmers" (the s was later dropped) came from a 
family whose surname was Farmer, that once lived 
there, because Frederick Farmer's name appears on 
the tax list for that area in 1820. It has been con- 
cluded that the tax supervisor, as it was his custom 
in those days, directed the citizens to go to Farmers 
(Frederick Farmer's home) to list their taxes when 
filing time came. 

(Others have presumed that the name came 
from the fact that the area has always been a good 
farming section, and that the name "Farmers" 




Dunbar Bridge 




Dunbar Bridge over the Uwharrie River between Mechanic and Farmer, N.C. 

7 



was the logical title to give to the beginning 
village). 

Farmer's home was central to the community as 
well as accessible, and he must have been edu- 
cated sufficiently to help those who listed their 
property. Thus his name has become preserved in 
history. 

The embryonic village of Farmers evidently at- 
tracted the church people, also. The first religious 
act recorded there was the burial of their dead, a 
graveyard being started as early as June 20, 1848, 
when Edwin Steed was interred. Eleven years 
later, in 1859, the Methodists built the first 
church within the village. It was a small frame 
structure erected immediately north of the cem- 
etery, approximately in the location of the present 
Grange Hall. 

The church grounds became the scene of yearly 
camp meetings. People from long distances 
gathered there, bringing their families and their 
milk cows. They made camps around the area, at 
first using their covered wagons for sleeping quar- 
ters. To facilitate matters, one of the pastors, Dr. 
Alford, in the year 1872 or 73 had an arbor built 




The grave marker of Edwin Steed, who died June 20, 1848. 
The marker was placed in his memory by the citizens of 
Farmer. 

outside for a pulpit and three or four log -walled 
tents erected for his parishioners. The meetings 
opened on the Friday before the third Sunday in 
August and ran until the following Friday. 




The Store built by Ervin Kearns. Other people that ran the store: Gideon Macon, Bob Dorsett, Bob Hammond. 



3 



The Village Grows 



People flocked in during the ensuing years 
until a dozen more log tents were needed 
and erected. In fact, the village, during the 
annual camp meeting, became almost a city. 

In conjunction with the church growth, the 
village itself grew, and in 1894 the bonafide 
residents had increased to 38, according to The 
Randolph County Business Directory published 
that year by Levi Branson. Kerney Plummer and 
Orpheus Kearns, with financial help from Marvin 
Kearns, had built a roller mill, Herbert Kearns 
(son of Orpheus Kearns) remembers. Some of the 
millers and operators of the mill were Adderton 
Nance, W.T. Birkhead, Lineberry Hill, Claude 
Elliott, Carl Garner, A.M. Blaylock, Bob Ham- 
mond, and Reece Loflin (the son of Colonel Loflin 
who ran the Lassiter Mill at one time). A steam- 
powered sawmill operated by John Plummer was 
turning out lumber across the road from the roller 
mill. At one time Ed Kearns, as is remembered, 
made shingles there from forest pine brought in 
from the forests in the Farmer vicinity. 

N.W. Newby and Lineberry Hill also had 
opened a retail store. Among the residents, the 
directory listed Mada Johnson and Annie 
Johnson, teachers; C.H. Lewis, physician; D.G. 
McMasters, magistrate (term expired 1893); 
Lillian Plummer, teacher; John Plummer, 
Sawmill; W.A. Prevost, magistrate (term expired 
1895); C.E. Ridge, teacher; B.A. Steed, county 
commissioner; W.B. Yarborough, magistrate 
(term expired 1893). 

Family names in the community after the turn 
of the century were Kearns, Fuller, Macon, Skeen, 
Hammond, Nance, Thornburg, Morgan, Bing- 
ham, Yates, Plummer, Horney, Johnson, Loflin, 
Ingram, Spencer, Ridge, Lowe. 

At the end of the Nineteenth Century, there is 
evidence of optimism among the citizens about 
Farmers' future, for in that year, according to the 
North Carolina Gazetteer by William S. Powell, 
it was incorporated. The Gazetteer makes this 
terse statement: "Farmer, town in w. Randolph 




The weathered shell of the old Wyatt Nance -Jesse Vuncan- 
non Mill stands today as a poignant reminder of activities of 
the past. 



County. Inc. 1897, but long inactive in municipal 
affairs. In center of rich farming community." 

But in spite of its lack of municipal activities, 
the village continued to grow slowly, with a nor- 
mal amount of growing pains. The subscription 
school in the church became an academy in 
1882(?), then an institute in 1893. That gave way 
to a public school in 1907. The old church was 
enlarged in 1916, then burned May 14, 1933. It 
was rebuilt, but at a new location near the new 
Highway 62 (Later 49). 




Farmer Roller Mill, built in 1908. 

The Independent Baptists built a brick chutch 
on the Dunbai Bridge Road east of the village in 
1950. Grady Lee Blakely was the pastor of the 
new church, called the Farmer Baptist. 

Through the years, the post office shifted from 
store to store until it finally settled in a building 
of its own at the highway intersection. It lost its 
status as a fourth Class Post Office in 1956 
and became "Farmer Station," a substation of 
Asheboro. 

Gradually the mills ceased to run, the roller 
mill burning, according to Reece Loflin, the last 
miller, in 1938. The general store was moved to 
the highway intersection in 1930, but was dis- 
mantled when the new Farmer Church was built. 
A new store building was erected at the crossroads 
by Bob Hammond, who operated it for a period. 
In succession it has been under the management 
of Guy Ridge, Wallace Garner, Mary and Farris 
Pierce, and Devereau Russell. 

Telephone service was a luxury Farmer citizens 
enjoyed early in the development of that mode of 
communication. The date of its establishment in 
Farmer was probably in 1910 when the Asheboro 
Telephone Company is recorded as having run 
lines to Seagrove. 

It was about 1910 when a frightened Mrs. 
Moses Morgan, who then lived near Jackson's 



Creek, used the telephone to call a neighbor, 
Harris Hill, about two miles away for help and 
advice. Some neighbor had told her that a man 
had gone crazy and was rambling uncontrolled 
about the community. Since her husband was 
away teaching school and she was alone with her 
small children, she wanted the assurance of help 
if some were needed. Mr. Hill promised her that 
he would be on the lookout for the man and 
would come on his galloping horse if the man 
molested her or the children. 

She and the children chocked the doors that 
night, but the next day she made the older boys 
drill slanting holes in the doorfacing so that they 
could "peg" the doors shut against all intruders. 

Those early telephone lines in Jackson's Creek 
and Farmer served the folk well for many years. 
The Dr. Hubbard home in Farmer served the 
community as a communication post as well as a 
health center. But that first system, its upkeep left 
almost entirely to the customers, deteriorated in 
the rural areas until it became practically useless. 

Then in 1957, The Randolph Telephone Mem- 
bership Corporation was formed for the purpose 
of supplying service to the outlying communities. 
The first exchange was readied in Farmer by June 
of that year with 97 telephones. By 1976 all lines 
provided one -party service. 

The Farmer citizens, like people everywhere, 
passed through the evolution of artificial lighting. 
They suffered with their smelly, flickering can- 
dles, most of them making their own from tallow 
they had rendered and from wicks they had spun. 
They went through the smoky oil lamp age when 
they burned coal oil or kerosene. After the turn of 
the century, some of the more affluent citizens of 




The Parker's Mill Bridge and Victor Parker's home. Parker 
ran the mill for 33 years before it closed in 1943. 



Farmer began to light their homes with electric 
lights, made possible by small power plants along 
with a dozen or so batteries, which were always 
"running down." But those plants, too, served 
their time, and gave way to the franchised 
utilities. 

In 1937, the Carolina Light and Power Com- 
pany ran lines from Asheboro to Farmer and 
began to supply power for lights and utilities in 
the homes and for industrial machinery — a move 
that improved the style of living, especially in the 
area of refrigeration, as much as any innovation 
that the human race has adopted. Some of the 
outlying districts of Farmer, in the south and 
west, are served by the Davidson Electrical Mem- 
bership Corporation and the Randolph Electrical 
Membership Corporation. 

In the meantime, the middle of the century 
saw many changes. Old houses were replaced by 
modern homes. The Gid Macon house in the 
grove opposite the post office is the oldest dwell- 
ing left in the village. W.A. Hammond owns it 
and lives there today (1981). 

The small back houses with the cresent moon 
design on the doors began to disappear as pipe 
vents from indoor bath rooms sprouted from the 
roofs of dwellings. 

New businesses sprang up: Henson's nursery 
and dairy, Polly's Flower Shop, Farmer Beauty 
Shop, Garner Seed Company (The Garner Seed 
Company, which began operations in 1952, 




I ' >'/•£/ 



The old Tony Johnson house. Earl Kearns is holding Harry 
Kearns in foreground. 

burned in I960, but, after working a couple of 
years in Denton, the owner, Wallace Garner, 
returned to Farmer, rebuilt and enlarged his 
plant. He and his son Andy continue the business 
today). 








/ ■ 
' i / 






V 




:j|! t 


\&*A 


BuSflp^^ WM 



People gather in their T-Models and buggies for the sale of the S.W. Kearns property a half century ago. 



4 

Once An Indian's Paradise 



Farmer sits on a ridge between Tom's Creek 
and the junction of Caraway Creek and the 
Uwharrie River. 
In a setting like that it could only be expected 
that it was a favorite hunting ground of the 
American Indian. 

An historical sign at the crossroads testifies to 
some of that history, for the late Tom Presnell 
erected an engraved signboard here proclaiming it 
was where an Indian battle took place in the 
1750's. 

From that time on, the white man found it an 
intriguing place too, and armies marched 
through, stage coaches stopped at its inns, and 
finally it became a seat of learning and a cultural 
and religious center for Concord Township. 

In what is still a seemingly remote area of Ran- 
dolph County, Farmer actually has what is known 
as accessible isolation. It is a mere nine miles from 
the county seat and all the conveniences, and yet 
in reverse, that nine miles puts it in the center of 
the Uwharrie hills and a peaceful countryside. 

Ocia Morgan, who came here as a six -year- old 
child in 1912, and who currently operates the 
postal contract station here, says of the place: "I 
wouldn't be anywhere else, if I could help it. Not 
to live, anyway. This is home to me. . ." 

Farmer works that magic on its born and reared 
citizens. 

Farmer seems to be a quieter community now 
(I960) than it was a few years ago, and that is 
because Highway 49 which crossed SR 1001 and SR 
1170 here, was relocated to the east, "by-passing" 
the community but not taking a whit from the hus- 
tle and bustle of community activities here. 

Smack dab at the crossroads is Farmer Station 
grocery store and Farmer Rural Station postal 
station. 

The "station" part of Farmer's designation 
comes from a change in postal operations that saw 
the community lose post office status a few years 
ago and become a contract station. 

P.C. Morgan, Ocia's brother, was postmaster 
from 1928 through 1963, when she took it over 




Tom's Creek Bridge near Farmer 

and has operated it since. 

P.C. gives haircuts now in what is the "lobby" 
of the postal facility. 

"He cuts hair on Monday through Thursday, in 
the mornings only," she said, adding haircuts can 
still be had for 75 cents, depending upon the cut. 

Names upon the land here in addition to the 
Hammonds and Morgans are Hensens, Davis's, 
Hubbards, Spencers, Harris's, Fullers, Kearnses, 
Loflins, Cranfords, Horneys, Johnsons, Ingrams, 
Ridges, and Adams, too. 

Devereaux Russell is kind of a newcomer, he 
says. He lives a few miles away but commutes to 
run the sole grocery store here. "I took it over two 
months ago, but I don't know if I'll last another 
two months, he says laughing. 

Farmer is an old community, going back to 
those Indian Wars, and at one time it was even 
active as a bonafide town. Farmer was incor- 
porated as a town in March, 1897, and Dr. C.H. 
Lewis was its first mayor. The town board con- 
sisted of N.W. Newby, L. Fuller, G.H. Macon, 
W.H. Boone and Turner Voncannon. 

Through the years, less and less interest was 
shown in political action on a local level and the 
town government became defunct. 

It has been a "community" for many years, 
now, and its affairs are so well taken care of that a 
town board is not needed. 

Farmer has a school, several churches, a volun- 




Indian arrowheads found by Earl Kearns 

teer fire department, a Grange, a Lions Club, a 
nursery, a florist shop, a seed company, and many 
another enterprise tucked away along its lanes. 

Often it has been asked how Farmer got its 
name and speculation has been that agriculture 
was prominent here, but farming apparently was 
not the origin of the name. 

Records recently noted at the Randolph Room 
of the library show the court records, August 



on the Virden Kearns farm, early 1900's. 

term, 1810, refer to elections to take place in 
various parts of the county and mention the elec- 
tion to be held at Farmer's. . . 

Historians now think it was in reference to the 
Frederick Farmer family and the use of their 
home as a polling place. 

From a newspaper article by Henry King, November 2, 
1977. Used by permission. 




Walter Snider threshing wheat at Carl Nance's farm in 1930's. 

13 



5 
Early Activities 







Lassiter's Mill. Long the center of a bustling community, it stands neglected today, its once rumbling machinery silent for 
many years. It is down the river from Farmer about three miles southeast. 



Several mills were operating in the Farmer 
area when the county was formed in 1779, 
or soon thereafter: 
Miller's Mill, 1779, located two miles upriver; 
Henly's Mill, 1784, same location as Miller's; 
Bundy's Mill, at the mouth of Caraway Creek; 
Henly's Mill, 1779, located between Tom's Creek 
and Second Creek; and Lassiter's Mill, 1779- 



Legend says, John McGee, who lived on McGee 
Creek three miles east of Farmer, was killed in the 
battle of Guilford Courthouse in 1781; his wife 
Betty was wounded. In 1788 William Brookshire, 
who lived near Hill's Store, received 5 shillings 
bounty for killing a wolf. In 1802, a man named 
Dollarhide killed the last buffalo about six miles 
southeast of Farmer. 






### 



Hackile School, established 1793, was located 
near Bundy's Mill. A meeting house (Episcopal 
perhaps) was built on Tom's Creek in 1793. 
Henry Lyndon's home and school, 1782; Uwhar- 
rie Meeting House, operating in 1793, located on 
Moore Road three miles southeast; Hill's Store, 
operating near Uwharrie Meeting House. 



In the tax list for 1820 for Concord, New Hope, 
Cedar Grove, and Union townships were the fol- 
lowing names still familiar to the Farmer area: 
Bingham, Cranford, Dunbar, Elliott, Farmer, 
Fuller, Hardister, Harris, Hoover, Ingram, 
Jackson, Lassiter, Loflin, Lowe, Miller, Nance, 
Prevo, Ridge, Skeen, Spencer, Steed, Thornburg, 
Vuncannon, Wade, Wood. 



'4 



In 1782, Andrew Balfour, whose home was on 
the old Salisbury- to- Cape Fear road four miles 
east of Farmer, was murdered by David Fanning 
and a band of Tories. On that same raid against 
the Patriots Fanning and his men also murdered 
Captain John Bryan and burned the home of 
Colonel Collier and Major Dougan, as well as the 
homes of several other Patriots. Fanning escaped 
after these raids to Wilmington, thence to Nova 
Scotia, and was never punished for his deeds. 
Legend says Andrew Balfour's widow was ap- 
pointed postmistress of the Post Office in 
Salisbury by George Washington, and served 
there for twenty -five years. Balfour, because of his 
untimely murder and his work in and for the 
Revolutionary Cause, has been looked upon 
through the years as one of the nation's all-time 
heroes. 



*** 



After the North Carolina General Assembly 
approved public schools in 1840, and local dis- 
tricts set up, several Farmer area men were ap- 
pointed to Districts eight and nine: Dist. 8 — 
Jeremiah Cooper, Joseph Hoover, Thomas 
Pearce, John Ingram, Jones K. Wood, and Isaac 
Kearns; Dist. 9 — Allen Kearns, Nixon Henly, 
Ansel Pearce, Robert Walker, Jesse Thornburg, 
and Henry Fuller. 




Grave of Col. Andrew Balfour, near Asheboro airport. 




Fuller Rock Bridge, 1933, Uwharrie River. Built by Allen Fuller. 

i5 



John Ingram, a black resident of Farmer, had 
only one hand (he lost the other one in a sawmill 
accident), but was nevertheless a skilled work- 
man. He was especially proud of his ability to kill 
squirrels, nearly always getting two with one shot. 
Ingram and his wife Mary were slaves before the 
Emancipation. John belonged to the Ingram 
family and Mary, to the Fullers. 

Other black people who live or have lived in 
the vicinity are Jesse Cross, whose father Birch 
Cross lived below Madison Hammond's farm, and 
Lum Burkhead, who lived near Elmer Byrd's 
home. Burkhead farmed for Allen J. Macon and 
later for Frank Kearns. 

*** 

In 1840, Isaac Kearns, one of the county's 
magistrates, voted "aye" to a question of whether 
or not the county should spend $65.65 for a coun- 
ty survey. 

L.G. Barnum Bingham was one of the men 
from the county who supported the Civil War 



effort by working in the salt mines either at 
Wilmington or Morehead. Some of the workers 
were exempt from combat service because they 
were Quakers and conscientious objectors, or had 
to remain close to home to take care of their 
family — an aged mother and a blind younger 
brother, Julian, as in the case of Bingham. 

After the war, Bingham turned his efforts 
toward buggy making, turning out one-horse 
carts, two -horse phaetons, and fringed -topped 
surreys. He had a buggy factory in the yard of his 
home in the Caanan Community. He and his 
three boys (Webb, Greenbury, and Tom) and a 
professional painter made up the work force. His 
daughters — especially Flora — helped with the 
upholstery. The "Bingham Buggy" was known in 
Randolph, Davidson, and Montgomery counties. 
To sell his product, Bingham took his bug- 
gies — pulling two or three at a time — to the 
various county seats during court week. Tom 
Bingham married Erne Johnson and made his 
home in Farmer. 




Originally Carl Nance wagon bought circa 1893. The rig is now owned by Howard Bell who is driving the team at the 
Thresher's Fly near Denton, N.C. 

16 



6 



Early Industries 



As the Twentieth Century began, Farmer 
could boast of at least two industries: a 
saw mill and a grist mill, the saw mill 
dating back as far as 1894. 

At least by 1912, Orpheus ("Orph") Kearns 
was grinding grain for his customers in a mill 
standing in the vicinity of the old Fred Bingham 
house. Along with it was the saw mill, evidently 
older in use, but run in 1912 by Ed Kearns. It is 
remembered by some of the older citizens that 
the two mills were powered by the same big steam 
engine. 

Lineberry Hill later bought the grist mill, sell- 
ing it in turn to Bob Hammond and Madison 
Hammond. Reese Loflin later purchased the grist 
mill and operated it until it burned down. 

The fate of the saw mill has been lost in time. 



*** 



A tannery was once operated near Lassiter's 
mill. 




Lassiter's Mill Bridge 







- 



Trotter's Saw Mill — members of the Trotter family picture by Northern Trogdon — circa 1918 — 20? 

17 



z 

Deed Abstracts* 

(Found in the home of Carl G. Nance, who died Oct. n, 1980) 



1. Thomas Carnes. Entered 200 acres, 20 June 
1800 on waters of Tom's Creek. No lines given 
except those of Marshall's. 

2. Jesse Harris to William K. Wood 11 June 
1815. Lines — Ezekiel Fuller and Taylor's on 
Lassiter Road. Witnesses: Benjamin Steed and 
Wood Arnold. $150.00-100 acres 

3. 1834. Allen Kearns to Burrell Wood (Brother- 
in-law) Thompson's corner and William 
Thompson's lines at foot of Cody's Mountain. 
Witnesses: Penuel Wood and Jones K. Wood. 
(Allen Kearns married Nancy Wood. He was 
the son of Isaac Kearns, Sr., and Rebecca 
Webb.) Book 19, page 475 Randolph Co. 
Register of Deeds Office. $400.00-175 acres 

4. Thomas Kearns of Rowan County to Ezekel 
Lassiter of Randolph County 18 Oct. 1822 on 
the waters of Tom's Creek. Wit: P. Wood and 
Willie Hix. $200.00-200 acres 

5 . Emsley Lassiter to Frederick Garner 24 May 
1839. Lines: Steed, Lewis, and William 
Wood. Lassiter Road referred to. Wit: Clay- 
ton Lewis. $800.00-60 acres 



6. Tract of land surveyed. 75 acres and plotted 
for Spencer Wood 29 Nov. 1842. Lines — 
William Wood and Steed, Cape Fear Road. 

7. William K. Wood to Spencer Wood 7 Nov. 
1842, Lines — Ezekiel Fuller and Taylor. Book 
25, page 26 Register of Deeds Randolph 
County Courthouse. Wit: Jones K. Wood and 
Elizabeth Wood. $150.00- 100 acres 

8. Spencer Wood of Davidson County to James 
F. Kearns 24 Dec. 1845. Lines - William 
Wood, Steed, and Gardner. Stake at Forks of 
Lassiter and Cape Fear Road. Wit: Jones K. 
Wood and Henry Jackson. $125.00 — 75 acres 

9.F. Gardner to E. Beckerdite 27 Sept. 1847. 
Lines — William Wood, Steed, and Lewis. 
Wit: A. Skeen. $600.00-60 acres 



10. James K. Kearns to Emsley Beckerdite 11 Feb. 

1848, Lines - William Wood, Harrison 
Kearns at the fork of the Cape Fear and 
Lassiter Road. Wit: Harmon Kearns and 
Newton Carter. $125.00 — 75 acres 

11. 26 Mar. 1867 Emsley Beckerdite to William 
T. Kearns of Davidson County. Lines — H.H. 
Kearns and Harris Jackson on Second Creek, 
Cape Fear Road. Wit: E.B. Steed and Hub- 
bard Kearns. $100.00-75 acres 

12. 5 Nov. 1868. Between William T. Kearns and 
wife Mary on the first part and John L. Riley of 
Davidson County aforesaid the second part. 
On the waters of Second Creek and adjoining 
the lands of H.H. Kearns and Rosity Kearns 
and running west to the lands of the estate of 
William F. Steed, dec'd, also another lot of 
land bought originally of Clayton Lewis by 
Emsley Lassiter. 

Signed: W.T. Kearns 
Mary Kearns 
Wit: Henry Sheets and Elizabeth Sheets. 
$550.00-60 acres 

13. Emsley Beckerdite and wife Elizabeth Becker- 
dite of Schuyler County, Illinois (quick claim 
deed) to William T. Kearns (Apr. 13, 1868) 
$500 on the waters of Second Creek. Lines — 
William P. Steed and Lewis. Lassiter Road. 

14. 1 Feb. 1870. John F. Riley and wife Rebecca 
to Pinkney Johnson and wife Clarinda Coggin 

Johnson. $400.00-60 acres 

15.4 Sept. 1872. Allen Harris Johnson to O.P. 
Johnson and wife Clarinda Coggin Johnson 

$550.00-135 acres 

16. 27 Nov. 1876 Branson Sheets and wife Cor- 
nelia Jane Sheets to Allen H.Johnson on Sec- 
ond Creek, Thompson's line. $40.00—100 
acres 



18 



17. 22 Sept. 1883 E.B. Nance and wife Gracy to 
William T. Kearns (Mortgage deed) joining 
the lands of T.W. Johnson on Tom's Creek 
and Samuel Arnold corner. If one year after 
the note is not paid off and 20 days notice 
given to E.B. Nance and wife Gracy, Wm. T. 
Kearns may make sale of the land. Book 51, 
page 345 Randolph Co. Register of Deeds 
office. $300.00-58% acres 

(The document stamped, "This mortgage was 
satisfied 8 Dec. 1891) 

18. 11 Aug. 1888 Allen Harris Johnson and wife 
Elizabeth Johnson to Leach Russell of Mont- 
gomery Co. adjoining the lines of Steed, 
Lewis, and Isaac Thompson to a stake in the 
line of the Meeting House and above the 
Meeting House spring corner (No doubt 
Salem) H.H. Kearns line and north side of a 
branch Martin Skeen line and Harve 
Lathrum's line. $1050.00-135 acres 
Attest. D.G. McMasters 

Signed: A.H.Johnson 
Elizabeth Johnson 



19. 5 July 1893 J. Frank Cameron and wife Lizzie 
Russells Corner and Church line mentioned 
(Information on a form deed not signed by 
anyone.) $1200.00-135 acres 

*(Abstracls used by permission of the Carl G. Nance family.) 

Regarding the above deeds, C.L. Cranford 
says: "The William T. Kearns (mentioned in a 
number of the abstracts) is my great grandfather. 
He was what is known today as a real estate man. 
He bought up old places, repaired and built them 
up, sold them, and moved on to another place. 
My grandmother Priscilla Kearns Cranford used 
to say when she saw people pass their house when 
they moved, 'I wish I were moving.'" 

"Another story that my grandmother told was 
this: When they were living at the Carl Nance 
place, she, while a small girl, would sometimes 
slip into the Salem church to look into the Bible 
left on the pulpit. But she was very careful not to 
disturb anything, to leave everything just as she 
found it. She knew that her step -mother would 
whip her if her acts were discovered." 




William T. Kearns 
1835-1895 



19 



WARRANTY DEED. -Printed and for s:>.k' by ArRus Publishing Co., Asiicbnni. X. C. 



<■ #.« 



STATIC OK NOKTH CAHOUNA, | 
/flarnfo/i >L COUNTY. \ 

THIS DEED, MnilrUtis ^'Z-if&lC tint/ of -^^^'^-^ . IS'.// .I, u 

, //A »ei<a/-U> ('1,1111/1/ 11111/ Sltilenf Y/r?3r'i ( Af"0>yi' f ^ > . iif I lie fu-xt /mrl . In 

in*, \»<"7.y { ' Jc a J &<* ^* ° 

n/ . /?/; -}>rCift)i/^ Cn 1111/1/ 11111/ Slnli'iifo n"/W-(kojyCt/>}S^ t ,,/ Ihr srcontl /mrl: 

Witnessed, Thnl xniil 



yzssts>/>ij 



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ill riilisiilrriilinll nf {two ^y/ei^At- yitC+fftyfofZy jpV?~<-\ 

/Ylt'm 1,1,1,1 I,,/ frfTTWy ( «/*<Z-4*i l'«&nj . Ilir rrrri/,1 

nf it'hirl, ix IicitIii/ neklitiirlcil/Jcil. huO littr'jninril mill si, hi. nuil hi/ llirxr /inyiriilx 1I0AU 



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To Have and to Hold I '/,r 11 fnnsii hi I riirl ur //n n-rl nf III ml . mill nil lU'ii'ilt'lit'x "I"! ii/./inr- 
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nillirrs llirrrtn liiimi'JiliL! tn Ihr .sum (j -^>T^c^/7 

^>A heirs mi'l nsxin/ix. In ^^c*y\,,i,lii 11.1c mul hel/imffomrr. 

. In 1 1 Ihr. si, i,l a.JsVrr /Z*'< rn^, vnrruiuilA. 

trill, .si, ill /£■ i>\t!.-zrv C^ ^O^lA^ ^-U./JU* hrir.s tin,! n.s.simi.s. Unit 

/Ax - -*-» xviwfi 0/ stud [j it nit, sex in fee, tturf iitL^v r/g/tf hi ami'vij the ttffwe tu f'<r- 

xf'lltp/r: that thr sfi mc fU'V free n ml r/rnr from till i licit iithi-ftiicrx. iiikI flint //tCSi Iri '// 

triiiTfi u! iimt defend the snhl title f/t the same n'jninst the elninis nf nil fjei'soiis trhoiusnerci' 

In Testimony Whereof, 77/r ml ill C t^O" S Cue*sf ^>^) 

hu^S hrrru nln .srl ; /i*-4 hum/ umlsrul , thr i/n if-tim/ i/rur uhurc irri/Zi'tt. 



Attrst: J l J ■■& 



$%% fe 



f tZ<a4+le) 



(SKID 
(SE.1L.I 



Kearns — Lassiter Deed, 1897 



±0 



of.sa.id Connti/. herehl) ccrtiftj 



/ l_l_-f-i / t "' /-,!/' It) sill tl 10111111/. Illicit 



STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA i/Z^pi I „P&Z&r>^~ County. 

that iJCv 

hir wife, aj/jjefn'Otl bcf'orr nie this dni/ mill acknoieledgcd the due execution of the anne.ved 

ilcciJ of conrei/nnce; ami the HB&d 

hcit^'lii/ n ll " ,r lti'\tilclu c.va inineil , sc/inrntt\ti ml n jin rj front livr sn'pjl hnstitlnd , Itttiehi no Iter 

rohilMitri/ e.iccnfitX ttf /lie snine, ir\th sit// fhtV .site ta'o'iieV the some Yreelt/ au/tl rulit tHjtrili/. 

icitlioirtfea r or compulsion of her snld linshtt n\ or tin// OT\pr person ,\t lltl thitl^she tltttlt \lill 

volnntnrilt/ assent th\c'o. 

Witness 1111/ lltl ml aillf»ffrMseill,this / il't >/o)- OZ--&-C. ..l./i.isn 1 / 

STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA, cL^-^^&Or^/Z^i County. 

jpieforegain&eniifieittro}' c/' ty v l y/^^ yUlJ ^\^— .a Justice nf the /'race of 

y/^{_ Connti/. is ml/till net&lo he ill due form and according to tnir. 

Therefore [fl the stum, irt'/li fltis eertijiente, he registered. 

Witness mi/ ha ml mill official sen I. litis £/' tltii, of /!j 9~C^ ■ IS!> T 



Clerk ( ^-<^/Cu^if-t^ Con rt. 



DEED. 






Deed, Consideration, $<***•&*' "~~ 
Dated y rlai/ of *i)-C-C lH'.ty 



'/. 



; rfiled for Jtegistration on the 
: (da I, afxIj&Lfy, , tSf, 

f nr Q o'clock (A/,l\l. ,avd regis- 
' tered in the offi cej/ft h e ltegister 
\ of Deeds for ■ t- U^^to-^C^ 
\ Connti/, N. ('., this y day of 
1 ♦J&/Jr is!) £, „,t 

4 ryL o'clock ^ M., ill Book 
\ ^d o£J)eecfa, on pa£e>.by,$c. 

-^iL'^aILs- 

ltegister o] heeds. 



Kearns — Lassiter Deed, 1897 



i 



2J 



II — Churches 



Salem United Methodist Church 

New Hope United Methodist Church 

Mt. Tabor Memorial Chapel 

Farmer United Methodist Church 

Piney Grove United Methodist Church 

Pleasant Union Congregational Christian Church 

Salem United Church of Christ 

Mary Moon and Science Hill Friends Meeting 

Hoover's Grove Wesleyan Church 

Gravel Hill Baptist Church 

Oak Grove United Methodist Church 

Farmer Baptist Church 

Union Methodist Church 

Calvary Gospel Church 

St. Mark's United Methodist Church 



2-3 



Salem 
United Methodist Church 



The first Methodist Society in the com- 
munity of Farmer was formed in about 
the year 1818 one -quarter mile west of 
where Salem United Methodist Church now 
stands. 

The place was called Russell's Schoolhouse and 
in the year 1822 Bishop McKindre preached 
there. 

These early beginnings of what is now Salem 
United Methodist Church are contained in an old 
Records book which was written in September, 
1883 by Bethul Kearns, an uncle of Mrs. Carson 
Cranford, now 80 years old and a member of 
Salem Church since infancy. The records are care- 
fully preserved at her home on Route 2, Denton. 

Bethul Kearns wrote that the present church 
building was constructed in 1822 by William 
Thompson, Thomas Nance, Silas Kearns, Wil- 
liam Wood, Isaac Jackson and others and he con- 
cludes ". . .it was a good house in its time." The 
record states that camp meetings were held at 
Salem almost every year until 1852. 

"We distinctly remember the time when the 
whole hill and hills on each side were covered 
with tents and a vast number of people assembled 
from day to day to worship," Bethul Kearns 
wrote. Many souls (were) converted. . .the un- 
worthy writer of this sketch was converted at a 
camp meeting in 1850 held by S.H. Helsabeck." 

Other faithful members of the church when 
the new church was constructed in the winter and 
spring of 1881 were Ivy Kearns, H.H. Kearns, 
John Thompson, Emory B. Kearns, D.G. McMas- 
ters, Samuel G. Kearns, Samuel W. Kearns and 
C.S. Kearns. 

The new church building was dedicated on July 
1 , 1883 by the Rev. W.S. Black and is located about 
1 Vz miles west of Highway 49 on Road #1304. 

The record of the church conference of Novem- 
ber, 1883 lists the contributions to the church, 
ranging from $6.95 given by Ivy Kearns to 25 
cents from M.E. Skeen. Total contributions were 
$39-35 with $5.75 of this amount from "out- 
siders." 



In 1883 Salem Church was in Uwharrie Circuit, 
Salisbury District, Trinity Charge. 

Charles H. Phillips was assigned as pastor in 
1885 but the records show that "his health was 
bad" and he died on May 18, 1885 and was re- 
placed for the rest of the year by B.C. Durant. 
The preacher was paid $25 that year. 

In July 1, 1888 E.B. Kearns was chairman of 
the church board and D.G. McMasters was secre- 
tary and treasurer. The Rev. G.B. Perry was 
assigned in 1889 and on March 1890 there were 
44 members on the church roll. 

On April 23, 1893 Salem Church was a mem- 
ber of Greensboro District of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church South. 

In 1911 the Circuit and District Boards fixed 
the salary for the charge at $725 for the Presiding 
Clerk (minister) and $100 for the Presiding Elder 
and assessed Salem Church $49 to raise. Records 
show that the church paid in $7.50 per quarter. 

The old deed of the church shows that John 
Lewis deeded to Trustees John Lewis, William 
Thompson, Silas Kearns, John Thompson, John 
Ingram, Thomas Nance, and Harrison Nance, 
some two acres of land for $2. 

The sanctuary of the present Salem Church is 
the original building which was constructed in 
1881. Shortly after World War II, three Sunday 
School rooms were added. More recently two 
bathrooms were added and central heating and 
air-conditioning were installed as well as new 
carpets. 

Dwight Nance is the chairman of the official 
board. C.V. Johnson is superintendent of the 
Sunday School. The minister of Farmer Charge, 
of which Salem Church is a member, is Leonard 
Voncannon. 

At the most recent Memorial Service in April 
the Kearns family gave a new sign to the church 
in memory of Lee and Alice Kearns. 

Ministers who served Salem Church over the 
years were as follows: 

1818-21 James Read; 1822 Rev. Dunnaha; 
1823-24 Joueum Leain; 1825 Rev. Wilkinson; 



2-5 



1826 Christopher Thomas Edge; 1827-28 Steven- 
son Greyson; 1829-30 Ballew Abingdon; 1831 
David Herrel; 1832-34 Steven Winburn; 1835 
W.W. Albea; 1836-40 Thomas Barnum; 1841 
W.W. Turner; 1842 J.W. Tinnin; 1843 Peter 
Doub; 1844 D.W. Doub; 1845-46 Joseph Good- 
man; 1847 S.D. Bumpass; 1848 L.L. Hendren; 
1849 B. Rush; 1850 S.H. Helsabeck; 1851 
Thomas Pastell; 1852 T.D. Lumsden; 1853 
Thomas Jostell; 1854 William Baringer; 1855-57 
N.A. Hooker; 1858 W.C. Gannon; 1859 Henry 
Gray; I860 Z. Rush; 1861-62 T.C. Moses; 1863 
W.H. Bobbitt; 1864 William Barringer; 1865 I.F. 
Kearns; 1866 W.H. Bobbitt; 1867 S.D. Adams; 
1868-69 J.E. Thompson; 1870 J.F. Smoot; 1871 
G.T. Moose; 1872 G.B. Alford; 1873 E.A. Yates; 
1874 S.D. Adams; 1875-76 Gaston Farrar; 
1877 B.R. Hall; 1878 B.G. Barrett; 1879-80 
M.W. Boyles; 1881 Trawick Cecil; 1882 W.S. 
Black; 1883-84 W.T. Cutchin; 1885 Charles H. 
Phillips; 1885 CO. Durant; 1886-87 G.B. Perry; 
1888 D.P. Tate; 1889-90 G.B. Perry; 1891 F.H. 
Tatton; 1892 R.S. Abernathy; 1893-94 F.W. Stri- 



der; 1895-96JJ. Brooks; 1897-99 T.S. Ellington; 
1900-03 W.S. Hales; 1904-07 B.F. Fincher; 
1908-09 J.W. Ingle; 1910-11 J.A. Sharp; 
1911-12 F.T. Stover; 1913 C.E. Stedman; 

1914-17 J.M. Varner; 1918-22 W.B. Thomp- 
son; 1923-26 G.W. Clay; 1927 A.R. Bell; 
1927-28 C.F. Womble; 1929 M.S. Kincheloe; 
1930 J.A. Howell; 1931 T.G. Highfill; 1932 
W.H. Groce; 1932-33 W.L. Lanier; 1935 Luther 
Bennett; 1937J.W. Bennett; 1938 F.E. Howard; 
1940 J.O. Ervin; 1942 Y.D. Poole; 1948 W.E. 
Fitzgerald; 1949 C.A. Rhinehart; 1950 Harold 
Waters; I960 W.C. Anderson; 1963 James 
White; 1965 Bryce Smith; 1967 Elsworth Harts- 
field; 1968 Bill Poole; 1972 Jasper Boyd; 1973 
Leonard VonCannon. 

(The above account of the Salem United Methodist Church 
appeared in a local newspaper in June, 197} — Ed.) 

The ministers who have served the church since 
the above article was written in 1973 are Carl 
Dunker, Herbert Jamieson, and Scott Owen, the 

present pastor (1981). 




Salem United Methodist Church, built 1881. 

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2-9 



New Hope 
United Methodist Church 





New Hope United Methodist Church. 



3° 



The New Hope Church dates back to De- 
cember 5, 1830, when an acre of land was 
deeded to the trustees of the New Hope 
Episcopal Church by Hampton Hopkins for the 
purpose of building a house of worship thereon. 
A log building was erected to become the first 
sanctuary in the community. 

November 2, 1853, Temple Cranford gave an- 
other two acres to the trustees: Seth Cranford, 
Warren Lewis, Temple Cranford, Abraham Lu- 
ther, and John Russell. Then in 1880 a one- 
roomed frame building replaced the log church. 
That building was used until 1948 when the inter- 
ior was remodeled. In 1952 a new wing was added 
to each side, having two rooms each, and serving as 
the first classrooms . Another frame and brick struc- 
ture was added in 1957 with three more classrooms 
and two closets to be used as an educational 
building. The church is located 4 miles southeast of 
Highway 49 on New Hope Road #1181. 

In September, 1962 , a building fund was started 
and more than $13,000 was pledged. At a meeting 
in March of 1963 plans were discussed for a new 
church building. The Charge Conference forth- 
with appointed a building committee. Then in 
1964 Buren and Mada Luther deeded 1 .46 acres of 
land to the trustees for the new sanctuary. Addi- 
tional land was given to the church by Mrs. A.I. 
(Jack) Smith and children in memory of Jack 
Smith. 

After considering several plans, the church 
voted July 28, 1968, to erect the new building. 
J.H. Calicutt was selected as contractor and work 
began in August of that year. The style chosen 
was a colonial -type 40 feet by 97 feet with class- 
rooms in the basement. The sanctuary has a seat- 
ing capacity of 300. The organ was given by the 
Women of the Church; the piano by the Youth 
Fellowship. The windows are of the stained glass, 
memorial type. The church tower was erected 
about where the old one stood and uses the old 
church bell, which was donated to the church by 
the Lyndon family as a memorial. A modern out- 
side bulletin board was given by the Methodist 
Youth Fellowship. 

The estimated cost of the building complex 
and equipment was placed at more than $70,000. 

The cornerstone was laid November 9, 1969, 



A 



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! 





m -^ 



*# 



Old New Hope Methodist Church. 

and the first service was held in the new building 
on Sunday, June 15, 1969. The Rev. BUI Poole 
was the pastor and all former ministers and the 
District Superintendent were invited to partici- 
pate in a service that afternoon. 

In June, 1973, a special effort was initiated to 
resolve the church's remaining indebtedness of 
$8,000, and it was paid off by the end of that 
year. In December of 1973 the church received 
an air-conditioner given by Aaron Lewis Cran- 
ford and family in memory of Mrs. Genevieve 
Cranford. 

Then on March 10, 1974, a service of dedica- 
tion was observed. The building with its many 
memorial gifts was dedicated to the Glory of God 
by Bishop Earl G. Hunt, Jr., presiding, assisted 
by the Rev. George Rudisill, District Superinten- 
dent, and the Rev. Leonard VonCannon, pastor. 



V 



3 

Mt. Tabor Methodist 
Memorial Chapel 




Mount Tabor Chapel. 



}i 



The Mt. Tabor Methodist Church began its 
activities in the North Bend School House 
on the Jackson Creek Road about two 
miles south of the present site of the chapel 
(former church), probably prior to 1840. In 1843, 
a log building was erected for worship services 
about where the Andrews' store stands today 
(1981). Services were held there until the present 
structure was erected in 1881, on land donated by 
James Ragan and his wife Miranda Nance Ragan. 
The tradition is that the church members donated 
the materials, then met together and constructed 
the building. The church is located at Jackson 
Creek Road at the Intersection of Roads 1311 and 
1314. 

As time wore on and progress turned people's 
attention and interest elsewhere, the church's ac- 
tivities waned until the membership dropped 
below the sustenance level and the church as an 
organization had to be abandoned. In 1952 the 
church was dedicated as a memorial chapel, and is 
used as such today. Mrs. Flora Nance Prevost was 
the last living member. She died April 3, 1968. 

One of the earliest pastors to serve Mt. Tabor 
was a Rev. Mr. Hoover, a Circuit Rider. 

This church was built by several Nances and 
some others. Wyatt Nance furnished the lumber 
as he was in the sawmill business. The Nance reu- 
nion is held there each 4th Sunday in September. 
Nance is a very prominent name in the cemetary 
going by the markers. 

An 1869 Sunday School Book Record kept by 
Mrs. Flora Nance Prevost and now in the posses- 



sion of Hilliard Nance shows Allen Nance to be 
the Superintendent with the following teachers, 
Noah Morgan, Martha C. Nance and Nancy J. 
Nance. Student members of the Sunday School 
listed were: 



Benjamin Nance 
E.B. Nance 
John W. Morgan 
Henry C. Nance 
Joshua Morgan 
Abigail H. Morgan 
Moses Morgan 
Disey H. Nance 
Thomas Snider 
Norman D. Nance 
Nancy Lambeth 

Class #3 Members 
James W. Pearce 
Frederick A. Reagan 
John Cody 
John Gaddis 
Henry Cody 
Levi M. Parker 

Washington Pearce 

1854 Members 
Kinchen Nance 
Washington Pearce 
Hilliard Hill 
Robert Lewis 
John Nance 



Roxane Lewis 

Mary E. Nance 

William C. Nance 

William E. Prevo 

Solomon Nance 

Mary D. Morgan 

Mary Fry 

Doby Ann Fry 

Mary Prevo 

Eldora Prevo 

Gracy A. Nance 

-1853 

William C. Nance 

Thomas Carter 

James Carter 

William Lewis 

D.H. Hill 

John Nance 



Henry Cody 

Ishame Floyd 

John Cody 

Norman D. Nance 

Zebedee Gaddis 



(The above information came from the notes of Hilliard 

Nance.,) 




Mt. Tabor Chapel Cemetery. 



4 

Farmer 
United Methodist Church 



(Former Concord Church) 



B 



first. 



efore the post office and before the school, 
there was the church. That has been a part 
of the Farmer heritage: the church came 



The organizational steps toward the founding 
of the Concord Methodist Church have been lost 
in the sands of time, but dates have been handed 
down, and the names of men and families instru- 
mental in its inception and beginning have been 
kept through the decades in the memories and 
some of the files of the church's devoted and loyal 
members. Mrs. Minerva Lassiter, writing about 
the church's history since the fire destroyed the 
old building in 1933, gives the building date as 
1859- However, someone writing a newspaper 
story in recent years says the original church was 
built "about 1856." 

Mrs. Lassiter also lists the men and families in- 
volved in the beginning: Messers. J.C. Skeen, 
Noah Rush, D.E. Lewis, Jared Horney, Henry 
Cranford, Samuel Lewis, Micajah Lewis, the 
Fullers, Kearnses, and Ingrams. Other men and 
families in the community also made valuable 
contributions. 

The church was first located immediately north 
of the Farmer Cemetery, which was first used in 
1848. The building was approximately 40 by 60 
feet — too small to accommodate the worshippers 
who later came from a large area to participate in 
the camp meetings, which were popular during 
the 1870's. It was during that period that the 
pastor, the Rev. Dr. Alford led the congregation 
in the erection of an arbor and three or four log- 
walled tents, to which, as interest grew, a dozen 
or so more were added. 

The church building was enlarged in 1916. The 
structure burned on the morning of May 14, 
1933. Mrs. Lassiter said, "When news came on 
Monday morning that the church lay in ashes, I 
wept as one who had lost a friend." 

The Church site was moved to a place near the 
new highway and rebuilt with native, uncut 



brown stone, making it one of the most attractive 
buildings in the county. Finished, in 1934, it is 
located at the intersection of Roads 1170 and 
1193. The rebuilding project was under the 
pastorate of the Rev. Walter Lee Lanier. 

Over the one hundred and thirty odd years that 
the church has been an integral part of the com- 
munity, it and the general populace have been 
blessed with many distinguished pastors. In the 
beginning there was T.C. Moses, who evidently 
got the church started in the right direction. He 
was followed by the Brethern Wyche, Thompson, 
Philips, Farrar, Fincher, and Dr. Alford. Among 
those who followed Dr. Alford were M.W. 
Boyles, Frank Kearns, G.B. Perry, W.S. Hales, 
J.T. Stover, and T.S. Ellington. 

Pastors who have served this century have 
included: 

J.W. Ingle- 1906, J.A. Sharpe-1908, J.T. 
Stover- 1910, Bell- 1912, Stedman- 1914, 
J.M. Varner-1916, W.B. Thompson- 1920, 
G.W. Clay- 1924, A.D. Bell- 1927, C.F. 
Womble, M.S. Kincheloe- 1928, J.A. Howell - 
1929, T.G. Highfill- 1930, W.H. Groce- 1931, 
W.L. Lanier- 1934, Luther Bennett- 1935, 
J.W. Bennett- 1937, Fletcher Howard- 1939, 
J.O. Irvin-1941, Y.D. Poole- 1947, W. Fitz- 
gerald- 1950, C.A. Rhinehart-1953, Harold 




Old Farmer Methodist Church 



34 



Waters- 1954, W.C. Anderson- 1958, James 
White- 1961, W.H. Dingus- 1963, Bryce 
Smith- 1965, E. Hartsfield- 1966, Bill Poole - 
1970, Jasper Boyd- 1971, L.T. VonCannon- 
1974, Carl Dunker— 1976, Herbert Jamieson — 
1977, Scott Owen- 1980. 

During the annual camp meetings, the people 
came bringing their families, draft animals, dogs, 
and cows to be fed and cared for during the 
stay — the cows to be milked also to supplement 
the families' food. They arrived on the Friday 
before the third Sunday in August and stayed un- 
til the following Friday, with preaching every 
afternoon and evening. As the people left, a 
bystander might well have been reminded of the 
"Exodus." 

A Sunday School was organized early in the 
church's life, J.C. Skeen as the first superinten- 
dent. In 1881 W.B. Lassiter was elected superin- 
tendent and served for the next 30 years. Others 
who helped in the early years were Dr. C.H. 
Lewis, Mrs. Louisa Macon, Mrs. N.W. Newby, 
and Miss Annie Johnson. 

In 1934 the church's name was changed from 
"Concord" to "Farmer", because another 
Methodist Church in Concord Township was also 
named "Concord," causing confusion in the 
mails. An act of the Quarterly Conference made 
the new title official. 

The influence of the Concord Church on the 



social and political, as well as the spiritual life of 
the community probably reached its zenith dur- 
ing the camp- meeting period. It was during this 
time that Farmer got its post office (1875), found- 
ed its academy (1882), and established itself as a 
trade and industrial center (1870-1890). 

The church (still called the "Concord Metho- 
dist" on the printed program at the time) held a 
dedication service for its new building on March 
27, 1938, although the building had been 
finished in 1934, the year after the fire. The ser- 
vice consisted of a morning and an afternoon pro- 
gram with dinner served in the basement of the 
church. 

With Dr. W.W. Peele, Presiding Elder, presid- 
ing, addresses were delivered in the morning by 
J. A. Jones, Charlotte, and D.B. McCrary, 
Asheboro. Bishop Paul B. Kern, Durham, 
preached the morning sermon. C.E. Kearns pre- 
sented the church to the Conference. Bishop 
Kern made the dedicatory remarks. 

With the Rev. J.W. Bennett, Pastor, presiding 
in the afternoon, the program consisted of an ad- 
dress by C.C. Cranford, Asheboro, and a talk on 
the building project by the pastor in charge when 
the beautiful sanctuary was erected: the Rev. 
Walter Lee Lanier. The afternoon sermon was de- 
livered by Dr. S.B. Turrentine, of Greensboro. 

Prayers, scriptural readings, and songs sup- 
plemented the addresses and sermons. 



ri 




Farmer United Methodist Church. Built in 1934, after the old frame building burned. 

3S 




5 

Piney Grove 
Methodist Church 




Piney Grove United Methodist Church 



36 



The Piney Grove United Methodist 
Church, which is 1.5 miles west of Jackson 
Creek, Road #1314 in Randoloph County, 
was organized one hundred and ten years ago — 
August 31, 1871, — by Spencer Surratt, a licensed 
exhorter of the Pleasant Grove Methodist Protes- 
tant-Church. 

The Rev. J. A. Laughlin, the first pastor, 
preached his first sermons in a pine grove a short 
distance northwest of the present church site. 

A log building was then erected and served the 
congregation for several years. The first worship 
service held in the building was conducted by the 
Rev. Henry Lewallen, the second pastor, in April of 
1875 . The first services held in the "new" building, 
presumably at the present site, were on the second 
Sunday in September, 1889, by the 8th pastor, the 
Rev. W.A. Bunch. That service was said to have 
been the funeral for Mary Jane Morgan, who, along 
with her husband Noah F. Morgan, had joined the 
church at a class meeting almost immediately after 
the church was organized. 

At the time of organization, there were eight 
charter members: Alex Cameron, J.R. Cameron, 
Charity Cameron, WJ. Delk, Abasheba Delk, 
Julia Delk, B.A. Surratt, and Elizabeth Surratt. 

Joe Delk, who joined the church 75 years ago 



and died in 1978, remembered that his father 
John Delk hauled logs to a water sawmill for at 
least some of the timbers that went into the frame 
building in 1889. Delk, who married Adleta 
Trogdon — the daughter of a former pastor, Joel 
B. Trogdon, said once "If there is any good in 
me, I got it here (Piney Grove)." 

Another member of the church who spent her 
almost 100 years in the care of Piney Grove was 
Mrs. J. A. Morgan. She said, "I have always loved 
Piney Grove." 

Priscilla Delk was the first convert to join the 
church. It was during a protracted meeting in the 
year 1877, when the Rev. R.H. Willis was 
preaching, that the conversion occurred. Her 
father Frank Delk had helped build the church 
and her grandmother Julia Delk had been a 
charter member. 

A total of 325 people have been members of 
the Piney Grove Church since its founding. At 
present it has a membership of about 70. 

In more recent years a brick sanctuary and Sun- 
day School rooms have been added. A well was 
bored recently. 

Piney Grove, after more than a century of ser- 
vice, continues to have a strong spiritual impact 
upon the community. 



THE 



WEBSTER. S. M. 



-JMi-A — P \ i. \P I Ki l olP 1 \ Q \-0 m-¥ W I <^|7 



1. A - wake »nd sing the song, Of Mo - sea and the T.nmb, Wake ev' - ry heart and ev' - ry tongue. To praise the Saviour's nnn'.__ 

2. Sing-of hia dy - ing love, Sing of his ria - iog power, Sing how - lie in - ter-cedea a - hove For those whose uins lie bore. 



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f — P--# — *-? 

1 Ft p p 



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e Inve of sin de - part 



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3. Sing till we feel our hearts A-accnd - ing with our tongues, Sing till the love of sin de - parts, And grace inapirew our hearts. 

4. Sing on your heavenly way, Y« ransomed sin-ners, sing, Sing on, re - joio - ing ev' - ry day In Christ, the exalted king* 



I 



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6. Soon shall we bear him say, Ye bless -ed children, come, Soon will he call us lience a - way. And take hia wnndercrs home. 
6. Soon shall our raptured tongueB Hia endless praise pro - claim. And sweet - er voi - ces lune the song Of Mo - aea and the Lamb. 



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Methodist Hymnal ©1867. 



37 



6 

Pleasant Union 
Congregational Christian 

Church 



Alson Hoover and his wife Mary Ann, on 
December 14, 1878, deeded to Union 
Church trustees of the Methodist Protes- 
tant Church two acres of land for the purpose of 
worship of Almighty God, and for a cemetery for 
the neighborhood. 

On August 23, 1890, Pleasant Union Christian 
Church was organized with ten members and the 
pastor, the Rev. E.H. Jarrell. At the organization 
meeting, N.L. Yates was elected secretary, K.R. 
Bell and N.L. Yates, deacons, R.W. Lee, sexton. 
Levi McDowell and Mary McDowell were made 
collectors. 

On the 20th day of February, 1894, the trustees 



for the sum of $8 received a deed for the two acres 
originally deeded the Methodist Protestant Union 
Church. 

The next purchase of land, one acre, December 
22, 1937, was an acre from E.M. McDowell and 
his wife Mattie. Another acre was added in 1962, 
being purchased from Ashley Trotter and his wife 
Zeola. The new church is located 3 miles west of 
road 1193 on Jackson Creek Road on that last pur- 
chased plot. The first building was immediately 
west of the cemetery, the second one in the north- 
east side of the cemetery. The third building 
stood west of the present building. 




Pleasant Union Congregational Christian Church. 



38 




7 

Salem 
Church of Christ 



Built on land acquired from Samuel Cran- 
ford and Branson Sheets, the Salem 
Church of Christ was erected in 1885. It is 
located about 11 miles south of Asheboro on 
Highway 49. Mr. and Mrs. Birch Cross were 
charter members. The church has 12 members at 
present. Sunday School rooms have been added 
during the last two years. 

The church building was constructed by Amos 



Carter, who became the first superintendent. He 
held that job until World War I.John Davis and 
Charlie Cross assisted Carter in the building 
project. 

Zachary Simmons is remembered as being the 
first pastor. 

The church has for many decades held a home- 
coming service the third Sunday in August. Large 
crowds always attend those services. 




Salem United Church of Christ. 



39 



8 



Mary Moon and 
Science Hill Friends Meeting 



In the summer of 1892, Mary Moon, a Friends 
minister from Indiana, came to the Science 
Hill Academy area to hold a protracted 
meeting in a brush arbor near the school house. 
People came from miles around to hear the 
woman preacher, and 169 persons were converted 
or reclaimed during the thirty -nine services held. 
The spiritual awakening experienced exceeded 
any that had ever been known in the community. 

A great need among the converted and re- 
claimed was felt for a meeting house, and they set 
themselves up to the task of constructing one — the 
Meeting House in use today (1981). It is located 
about 5 miles south of Asheboro , off Highway 49 at 
the intersection of Roads 1142 and 1107. 

But the seeds for the spiritual revival and 
awakening had been sown many years before. In 
the locality — situated in a beautiful grove of trees 
seven miles south of Asheboro off Highway 49 — 
the Methodists had held services for many years in a 
school house that stood on a knoll immediately 
south of the present structure. The school was the 
Science Hill Academy, which had been operating 
since 1848, and continued to educate the local 
youth, as an academy until 1875 and as a public 
school until 1908. 

According to records found in a minute book, 
the people in the vicinity of Science Hill met on 
January 21, 1876, in regard to forming a society 
for the promotion of Temperance. The minutes 
did not explain the motive for the pledge, but it 
is assumed that the drinking problem around 
there had gotten out of hand. The pledge each 
member had to take was: "We the undersigned 
do agree that we will not use intoxicating liquors 
nor traffic in them, as a beverage; that we will not 
provide them as an article of entertainment or for 
persons in our employment and that in all suit- 
able ways we will discountenance their use 
throughout the community." 

The record shows that the Society or its suc- 
cessor continued to meet until 1917. For years, 
the members met monthly, then quarterly. There 



were about 300 names on the roll, members from 
miles around being listed. Whether the list con- 
sisted of the membership at a given time, or was 
an accumulative list was not indicated. Some 
members, the minutes showed, had been released 
or disowned, probably for breaking the pledge. 

Since there were several Friends in the com- 
munity who had come from the Back Creek Meet- 
ing, or who had married and come into the com- 
munity with their spouses, or who had come to 
hold the Friends convictions, there was a feeling 
that a Friends organization was appropriate and 
should be initiated. Thus the summer meeting 
and the preaching of Mary Moon. 

The dedication of many of the community's 
young people in money, time, materials, and 
energy made the project possible and ultimately 
successful. Those who gave with untiring labors 
were the Lowes, VunCannons, Winslows, Bing- 
hams, Lewises, Lassiters, and Lewallens. They 
built the house and paid for it. 

The sanctuary was begun in 1893 and com- 
pleted the next year. It stood on a lot of eight 
acres given by Nereus and Sam Lowe (sons of 
Thomas Lowe and grandsons of John Dunbar). 
Much of the expense was for labor at 50 cents a 
day. Hauling from Asheboro with a team, $1.50 
per day. Henry Cranford was paid $1.25 a day as 
chief carpenter, and an extra 50 cents for making 
out the bill for the building — a total of $36 for 
his work when the building was finished. Shingles 
were split out of trees on the lot by hand with a 
froe and wooden mallet, while some were given 
by N.M., John, and William Lowe. One work- 
man split 21,300 shingles and received $37.38 for 
his efforts. 

On the 28th day of the fifth month, 1894, at 
the Southern Quarterly Meeting of Friends, the 
following request was made: "The Friends of 
Science Hill request through Back Creek Monthly 
Meeting for a Monthly Meeting to be set up at 
that place and to be held on the fourth seventh 
day in each month, except on the second, fifth, 



4 o 



and eleventh months, then to be held on the 
third seventh day, and to be known as Science 
Hill Monthly Meeting of Friends, which this 
meeting in joint session approves, and appoints 
Henry H. Beeson, Levi B. Macon, Dr. Charles C. 
Hubbard, Levi Cox, Elma C. Macon, Lizzie Col- 
trane, Grace Lowe, and Isabelle Henley to attend 
to setting up of said Meeting, on the fourth 
seventh day in seventh month next at 1 1 o'clock 
and report at next meeting." 

Eighty-five persons were charter members, 
most of them being children and teenagers. Wil- 
liam Winslow was appointed clerk, a position he 
held until his death in 1933. At that time the 
assistant, Hope Hubbard, was given the respon- 
sibility. She served until 1956. 



For many years, Sarah E. Wilson Winslow and 
John Shaw Tillman, local ministers, brought mes- 
sages to the meetings as they felt led, but without 
much financial support. The first pastor to be 
promised financial help was Alvin Barrett, who 
was also pastor of Asheboro Meeting. He came to 
Science Hill once a month beginning in 1916. 

Other pastors have been Herbert W. Reynolds, 
Oscar Cox, Clarence Macon, Calvin Gregory, Ed- 
ward B. Harris, Victor Murchison, Charlie Lamar, 
Alfred Harris, Seth B. Hinshaw, Luther McPher- 
son, Baud B. Bulla, J. Waldo Woody, J. Floyd 
Moore, Earl Redding, Larry Emerson, Joseph 
Moorefield, Charles Snow, and George Mc- 
Dowell, Fred Hemric and Allen Bullard (to 
1981). 




Science Hill Friends Meeting. 

4i 



9 

Hoover's Grove 
Wesleyan Church 



Andrew Hoover, great -great -great grand- 
father of Herbert Hoover, 31st President 
of the United States, came to Randolph 
County and settled in the Farmers Community in 
1774. He died in 1794 and is buried in a family 
cemetery about a mile from Hoover's Grove Wes- 
leyan Church. 

Many of the Hoover descendants have contin- 
ued to live in the Farmer Community. One of 
them, Adam Hoover, gave the land on which the 
church stands. 

Adam Hoover had a grandson, Willie Ridge, 
the child of his daughter Lucinda and her hus- 
band, Alson Ridge. At seventeen months the 
child contracted diptheria, and on September 12, 
1879, died. Adam told his daughter that if she 
would bury the beloved grandson on his land 
near the road, he would see that a church would 
be erected there. She complied with his wish. 

Very soon work began on the church building. 



The original structure was quite rustic — built of 
roughly sawed timbers. Some of the framing was 
pegged together with wooden pegs, and the roof 
was constructed of handmade shingles. The sides 
were weather- boarded with rough planks. The 
pews and pulpit furniture were handmade. 

In 1959 a program was launched among the 
Hoover's Grove members and friends for the con- 
struction of a new building for the church. The 
Rev. J.E. Shaw, Paul McDowell, Willie Yother, 
Aster Gallimore, and Taylor Swaney served as the 
building committee. Voluntary labor, gifts from 
people in the church and from the community, 
and the generosity of business men made the con- 
struction possible. 

Pews were donated by families, and windows 
were given in memory of relatives. 

Many ministers have served this rural church 
and community, proclaiming the message of life 
then and now. 




Hoover's Grove Wesleyan Church. 



4 1 



IO 



Gravel Hill Baptist Church 



In the spring of 1900, the Rev. Lindsay G. 
Lewis began to conduct monthly worship ser- 
vices in the Gravel Hill school house. At the 
same time, a Sunday school was organized and 
carried forward with considerable success. 

In November, the following fall, the minister 
held a protracted meeting, at which time much 
interest in the church and its work was manifested 
among the community's people. As a result of the 
interest, A. A. Loflin, a local land owner, deeded 
an acre of land to the church group for the pur- 
pose of erecting a sanctuary. 

During the next spring and summer months, 
construction was started and sustained. By No- 
vember of that second year, the building was 



sufficiently completed for the church's second fall 
protracted meeting. The meeting began Sunday, 
November 17, and ran for a week. 

During the week, a number of the worshipers 
made known their desire to be constituted in a 
full-fledged Baptist Church. Consequently, an 
examining Presbytery of Elders Jeff Lanning and 
Henry Sheets came to look at their credentials and 
decide on the request. 

The church was subsequently instituted with 
thirteen charter members. The organization was 
consummated Nov. 21, 1901. 

The present brick building was erected in 1932. 
Additions were made again in 1948 and 1973. 
The fellowship hall was erected in 1974-75. 




Gravel Hill Baptist Church. 



43 



II 

Oak Grove 
United Methodist Church 



The Oak Grove United Methodist Church 
was organized years before the Science 
Hill Academy was built in 1848, as ser- 
vices were held in the school house after the old 
log church became untenable. The first sanctuary 
stood northeast of the cemetery, which is still in 
use. The first grave there is that of a Josey 
Tadlock. 

The present sanctuary, erected north of the 
academy building, was begun in 1886, and 
finished the next year. The builders were J. Wat- 
son Lassiter, Thomas P. Lassiter, and J.O. Elliott. 
Serving as pastor at that time was the Rev. G.B. 
Perry. The three classrooms were added in 1953- 
At first Oak Grove was a member of the 
Uwharrie Circuit, then the District of Salisbury. 
In 1884 it was changed to Trinity College District. 
Then in 1893 it became a part of the Greensboro 



District. Since that time, it has been in the High 
Point District, the Thomasville, and is now back 
in the High Point District. 

Oak Grove has served the Lassiter Mill area, 
and many Lassiters are buried there, the first one 
being Micajah Lassiter, Sr., who had 21 children 
by two wives. His headstone states that he had 
213 descendants surviving him. 

Micajah Lassiter, Sr., was the only child of 
Joseph and Sarah Hill Lassiter, the original 
Lassiters in the area. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Fuller Patton relates a story 
about the maple trees in the church yard: Mary 
Hill Lassiter, wife of Milton Birkhead and 
daughter of Micajah and Martha Winslow 
Lassiter, gave a Negro man a ham to set out the 
trees. They stand today, giving grace and dignity 
to the scene. 




Oak Grove United Methodist Church. 



44 



Farmer Baptist Church 



Sixteen members of the Gravel Hill Baptist 
Church in New Hope Township decided to 
establish a church in Farmer. Arthur Harris 
gave the land, a plot of ground on the north side 
of the Dunbar Bridge Road at the break of the 
slope east of the post office, for the church site. A 
modern brick structure was erected there on Road 
1170 in the year 1950. 
The first service was held there on September 



17 of that year. The Reverends F.E. Baucom and 
Vance Edwards filled the pulpit that first year. 
The following pastors have led the congregaton 
since then until 1978 in the order named: Harold 
Carlton, Roy Mull, Harvy Davis, W.A. Wilson, 
Grady Blakely, Roy Mull, Claudie Harrison, and 
Max Walker. 

The present minister, Lowell Brown, has been 
serving the church since September 17, 1978. 



,/\ 




Farmer Baptist Church. 



£3 

Union Methodist Church 



The Union Methodist Chutch, which was 
located north of Lassiter's Mill crossing on 
Road #1 107, burned after a church service 
one Sunday morning in 1940. A part of the 
Farmer Charge, it was not rebuilt. Its members 
moved their memberships to the Oak Grove and 



Farmer churches. Union was probably organized 
about 1900. 

The fire is believed to have started from the 
flue, since there was no electrical wiring in the 
building. The cemetery is still maintained there, 
and is cared for by the Thornburg family. 




Union Methodist Church 



H 



Calvary Gospel Church 




Calvary Gospel Church, non- denominational, founded 1970. The Rev. Frank Barrett, pastor (1981). It is located 3.2 miles 
southeast of Highway #49 on New Hope Road. 

4& 



15 

St Mark's 
United Methodist Church 



The first records of this church were made 
in 1893 and the first pastor was Cicero 
Laughlin. Originally there were around 
fifty to sixty members. At present there are four- 
teen or fifteen members (1981). Once a month on 
the second Sunday, Sunday School and worship 
are held at St. Mark which is located about 6.5 
miles south of Asheboro just off Highway #49 on 
Road 1170. Some members also attend other 
churches in the community. 

A community choir was organized in 1963 with 
several members from St. Mark. Hazel Caviness is 
the president. This group shares their musical 
programs in the community during worship ser- 
vices and funerals. They participate in activities 



beyond the community. This organization is 
responsible for the building of the United Com- 
munity Center that is near St. Mark's United 
Methodist Church. 

The present pastor, (1981), Rev. John Moore 
serves St. Luke United Methodist Church in 
Asheboro as well as St. Mark. 

The Red House school building was near St. 
Mark United Methodist Church. The school dates 
back at least to the beginning of the 1900's. Some 
teachers of this school were Hazel Caviness, Daisy 
Cross, Sherman Spinks, Vella Lassiter, Hattie 
Crisp, Sarah Lassiter, Flossie Brewer and Honora 
Spinks. 




St. Mark's United Methodist Church (Red House), built 1893. 

47 



Ill — Schools 



Academies and Institutes 

Science Hill Academy 

Oak Grove School 

New Hope School — Academy 

The Saga of the Farmer School 

iooth Anniversary 
Bombay Institute 
Piney Grove School 
Davis Mountain School 
Redberry School 
One Room Schools 

Salem School 

Fairmont School 

Schools Absorbed by the Farmer School 
Textbooks 



49 



Academies and Institutes 



When the Farmers Academy was 
founded in 1882, three other acad- 
emies were already operating in near- 
by communities. Another was founded during its 
tenure as an "Institute." 

Science Hill Academy 1845 

Oak Grove Seminary (Academy) 1858 

Near Oak Grove Methodist Episcopal 
Church, New Hope Township. 



New Hope Academy 1859 

At junction of Brinkles Ferry and 
Troy Roads, New Hope Township. 

Farmers Academy 1882 

Became Farmers Institute after 1893. 

Became Farmer High School in 1907. 

The old three story building burned in 1923. 

Bombay Academy 1897 

Located off Bombay Road from 
Highway 49 to New Hope. 



Science Hell Academy 



Out of the past comes a short dissertation 
to extol the accomplishments of the 
Science Hill Academy, which was 
founded in 1848 to provide, except for a couple 
of years during the Civil War, "advanced" educa- 
tion for young men and women from a wide area 
until 1875 when the "new system of teaching 
came in vogue" and the academy at Science Hill 
gave way to other educational institutions. The 
dissertation was composed by one of Farmer's 
more enlightened citizens of the past: D.G. 
(Green) McMasters, sometimes called "Green 
Mack." McMasters, who himself taught at the 
academy during the last months of the Civil War, 
prepared, before he passed on early in this cen- 
tury, a written account of the academy as he ob- 
viously knew it: 

Science Hill Academy 

Educational Institution Before the War 
College Graduates for Teachers 



in 



The academy at Science Hill was built 
1858-59 by the combined efforts of Thos. Lowe, 
Wm. Lowe, John McDaniel, Zebedee Rush, John 
Dunbar, John Hammond, William Hammond, 



Benjamin Brookshire, William Bingham, and 

others. 

Christopher Gray and William Henley were the 
carpenters. The house is fifty by twenty -four feet, 
but was not large enough in that "dark age," as 
the educators in this enlightened and progressive 
age call it. The academy was filled to its seating 
capacity, one half of whom were young men and 
girls, who were far advanced when they left 
school. 

J.H. Brooks, a graduate of Chapel Hill, and an 
eminent lawyer, taught (there) from 1850 to 
1852, his commencement being on the 29th day 
of July, 1852. 

Samuel T. Wiley then taught one year, L.D. 
Andrews taught one year, T.L. Troy taught one 
year. Miss Sarah Henley taught next, and Miss 
Abigail Hill taught in 1856. Miss Mary Coltrane 
and 2.F. Rush taught during 1857-58. Then J. R. 
Bulla taught two years and closed his school on 
the 2nd day of June I860. 

M.S. Robbins then taught in 1860-61, and till 
the spring of 1862, when all the boys by volun- 
teering (to join the Confederate armed forces) 
broke up the school. 



I do not remember who taught then, if anyone, 
until the winter of 1864 and the spring of 1865 
when I taught until the 14th of April, five days 
after General Robert E. Lee surrendered. 

In the winter of 1867 and until June 1868, T.L. 
Cox taught. 

Since that time seven other teachers taught till 
that time the new system of teaching came in 
vogue, as they call it, and the school center was at 
another place. 

(The teachers) J.H. Brooks, S.H. Wiley, and 



M.S. Robbins were graduates of the University of 
North Carolina. J.R. Bulla, L.D. Andrews, and 
T.L. Troy were graduates of Trinity College. 
Sarah Henley and Abigail Hill were graduates of 
New Garden, now Guilford College. Talton Cox 
and I, as we were preparing to enter college, were 
called to the war between the states (Civil War). 
Three of the above teachers were lawyers, one a 
local minister in the M.E. Church. 

(Signed) D.G. McMasters 



3 



Oak Grove School 



The Oak Grove School house stood a short 
distance northeast of the Oak Grove 
Methodist Church. At least two buildings 
were used as schools there. At one time, according 




OAK GROVE SCHOOL - Mrs. Lanier's pupils: Lola Lanier, 
Beady Frye, Anne Shaw, Emma Jean Yates, Veda Yates, 
Nina Loflin. 



to tradition, it was also called an "Academy." 

Some teachers who taught there were Hester 
Reynolds, Priscilla Hill, and Jennie Lassiter. Some 
pupils of Oak Grove who later attended the 
Farmer High School: Lucille Kearns, Lena Cash- 
att, Rex Carter, and Adrian Burkhead, who 
walked approximately four miles each way from 
his home to the Oak Grove School. 




OAK GROVE SCHOOL- Mrs. Lanier's pupils. 



52- 




OAK GROVE ACADEMY SCHOOL (circa 1914 -Front Row, left to right: Hal Yates, Fred Loflin, Hal Luther, Clarence 
Henderson, Harold Carter. Second Row, left to right: Connie Bouldin, Ethel Yeargen, Kate Thornburg, Nina Loflin, Edna 
Bouldin, Rosa Thornburg, Herbert Luther, Bob Yeargen, Walser Thornburg, Carl Loflin. Third Row, left to right: Blanche 
Yeargen, Viola Miller, Aire Miller, Nannie Loflin, Savannah Copple, Maude Loflin, Annie Thornburg. Fourth Row, left to 
right: Lewis Cranford, Val Yates, Hill Lassiter, Coy Loflin, Virgil Loflin, Henry Thornburg, Baxter Carter, Dewey Miller. 
Teacher: Priscilla Hill Luther. 



4 



New Hope School — Academy 



The New Hope School came to life in 1879, 
at the beginning of a period that saw 
many educational institutions established 
in Randolph County. Located on the Martha- to - 
Troy Road (1181 today), the school was started 
when a committee for $17.50 bought one and 
three -fourths acres from Temple Cranford, son of 
Sawney Cranford. That committee was made up 
of McCain Russell, Cornelison Loflin, W.E. An- 
drews, L.D. Andrews, William Lewis, and H.L. 



Steed (book 41, page 278, Register of Deeds, 
Randolph County Courthouse). 

The original school house, located near where 
the present church stands, was a one -roomed log 
structure. For a number of years it was used for 
church services also. 

After a few years, a new building was erected 
and the Academy established. That building, 
which stood where the brick building was erected 
in 1935, consisted of one long room with a stage 



5} 



at one end. A curtain partition was used when 
two teachers were employed. 

Academy pupils came from a wide area, some 
of them boarding with families in the communi- 
ty. The academy continued until 1907 when the 
state assumed control of public education. The 
old structure was replaced by a brick building in 
1935 and continued to serve as a public school 
until 1952. It was then remodeled into a two- 



apartment dwelling and burned in 1975. 

Before the turn of the century, SherriU Lasiter 
taught for a while at New Hope and had an or- 
ganized band there. Some of the other teachers 
were Nannie Lou Cranford, George T. Gunter, 
Georgia Howell, Dolly Kearns, Blanche Surra tt, 
Ola Bescher, Lena Gallimore, Lula Andrews, 
Allen Prevost, Wall, Polly Robbins Rus- 
sell, Tenny Shaw Cornelison, and Lucy Cranford. 




MRS. ARTHUR GALLIMORE AND HER NEW HOPE 
SCHOOL PUPILS, left to right FRONT ROW: George 
Donald Lanier, Lester Sanders, Gene Shaw, Jane Sanders, 
Nettie Lou Hill, Shelby Jearl Luther; SECOND ROW: Betty 
Maie Shears, Ruby Johnson, Helen Cranford, Armissie 
Cagle; THIRD ROW: Vernon Simmons, Earl Hill, James 
Shaw, Dorse Hogan, Willis Russell, Five are deceased: 
Lester Sanders, Betty Maie Shears, Earl Hill, and Willis 
Russell. 




MRS. OLA BISHER AND HER NEW HOPE PUPILS left to 
right FIRST ROW: Betty Mae Russell, Maude Eva Shaw, Jo 
Ann Hill, Emogene Luther, Shirley Shaw, Leatrice Daniel; 
SECOND ROW: Gary Luther, Paul Saunders, Ray Shaw, 
Norma Shears, Hoyt Loflin, Dwight Loflin, Walter Hill, 
Houston Russell, Hoyt Cranford. 



54 



• • • 


J. roqrammc 


• • « 


~Aet/> *J\ope 


Jiigh CicAoo/, ^ALi 


zij 75, 7907. 


/O.JO u{. -At.. 


w^f II sic. 


Abraham Lincoln, 


- 


_ ■ 


Cleveland Bean 


The Union Soldier, 


- 


- 


Carr Lyndon 


The Art of Optimism, - 


- 


Charles Strider 




MUSIC 






What is Truth'.' 


. 


- 


Will Strider 


The Babies, 


MUSIC 


" 


Rufus Lassiter 


11:15 Literary Address \\>^. W. W 


Kitchen, 


of Roxboro, N. C. 




» J n termissifi n 






2 0'CI CCK P. M. 


MUSIC 




The Courting of Arabella. 






Appleby, 


- 


- 


Nettie Luther 


The Tragedy of Dodd's Place 


- 


Lydie Lassiter 


The Ringing of the 


Curfew, - 

MUSIC 


■ 


Beatrice Bruton 


The Death of Mary 


Stuart, 

MUSIC 


• 


Bettie Lyndon 


Mrs. Slowly at the 


Hotel, 


- 


Jennie Lassiter 


My Pets, 


MUSIC 




Luna Kearns 


t/o-niufit. 


» » Serving kJuio ^ALasters" 


■>Y ^legrn .Ttii-cc, */mmenseft/ ^tumorous. 




^ii 'mission, 


75c. 





NEW HOPE HIGH SCHOOL Program, 1907. 



55 



5 

The Saga Of The Farmer School 



* armer is a small country village clustering 
JL around the school. 

The first school building, builtabout 1871 or'72 
was a three -room house, and the first teacher after 
it was erected was Prof. Harris Skeen, who taught 
for four years, and was succeeded by Prof. Will 
Bradshaw, Prof. W.C. Hammer, (now congress- 
man) and others whose names were not learned. 

Before this house was built Miss Lizzie Rice 
taught very successfully in the church, and it was 
through her influence, and that of Prof. Skeen, 
that the community subscribed to a fund for a 
school building. Miss Rice was the daughter of 
Thomas Rice, and afterward married D. Matt 
Thompson, who for many years was superinten- 
dent of the city schools in Statesville. After being 
in use for about 20 years, this first building was 
found to be too small, and a much larger one was 
erected. Gideon Macon, Calier Kearns, and 
N.W. Newby were the three most liberal con- 
tributors to the cost of this house, as well as Dr. 
C.H. Lewis, who was practicing medicine here at 
the time. Many smaller contributions were se- 
cured and the house was finished about 1893. 

Prof. Elmer Fentress was the first teacher in the 
new house. This building was never owned by the 
county until several years after the establishment 
of a state high school in 1907. All pupils, except 
those in the lower grades, paid tuition, and a very 
successful boarding school was kept up for many 
years. This second building was burned in Febru- 
ary, 1923, and the present one, a modern brick 
structure, with steam heat, electric lights, and 
modern plumbing, was begun in July of last year 
(1924). It was ready for use in February. 

The present faculty (1924) is as follows: Prin. 
F.A. Ficquett; Mr. and Mrs. J.W. Lank, high 
school teachers; Mrs. Ficquett, Misses Lula 
Spencer, Pearl Parsons, Mamie Lackey, and Linnie 
Dorsett, in the lower grades; Mr. R.F. Bracken, 
farm life teacher. 

The first merchant to engage in business there 
was N.W. Newby, now of Mt. Gilead. He was 
succeeded at different times by G.T. Macon, J.F. 



Cameron, I.S Kearns, R.W. Dorsett, and by the 
present merchants, J.R. Hammond, and A.L. 
Hill. 

Among the prominent families from 1870 to 
1890 who were instrumental in establishing a 
school here were the Rushes, Cranfords, Fullers, 
Lewises, Rices, Horneys, Skeens, Johnsons, and 
Lassiters. Drawn by the school other families came 
to the neighborhood, among whom were the 
Kearns, Dorsetts, and Macons. 

Dr. C.C. Hubbard came here in 1908 from 
Worthville. 

Farmer Roller mill was built in 1908 by K.P. 
Plummer and J.O. Kearns. 

Reprinted from a 1924 newspaper account by Mrs. C.C. 
Hubbard. 



The Farmer School has run the gamut of 
change from a one -teacher subscription day 
school up the scale to a private academy, a private 
institute, a full-fledged public high school, then 
back down the scale to a junior high and to a mid- 
dle school, its present status (1981). 

The school, however, for a hundred years or 
more, has served as a focal point for much of the 
community affairs, since a great many of the peo- 
ple's activities have been school related. Its educa- 
tional programs, its teachers, its athletic events, 
its plays and recitals, its commencements — have 
all been an integral part of the village life. Like a 
project of a large family, the school's welfare — 
present and future — has been the concern of 
every Farmer citizen. 

The Farmer School has been traced back to 
1879 when Miss Lizzie Rice was given permission 
to operate a day school in the Concord Methodist 
Church, which had been built in 1859 immedi- 
ately north of the Farmer Cemetery. The school 
remained in the church for three years; then a 
school building was erected farther up the hill, 
about where the central building of the present 
school structures stands today (1981). That 




The Farmer High School building that burned in 1923. Built in 1893, it served as the "Farmer Institute" until 1907 when it 
became a public school. An academy building preceded the above structure. 

57 



CLOSING EXERCISES 

OF 

FARMERS HIGH SCHOOL 

paemees, 2>t. c, 
Friday, May 13th, 1892, 10 o'clock, A.. M. 

I3STSTK1JCTOES: 
WILL. H. CROWDER, Prin. MRS. WILL. H. CROWDER, Assist. 

MAB9HALS: 

C E. RIDGE, Chief, Formers, N. C. W. P. THORNBURY. Rachel, N. C. 

J. M MONROE, Farmers. N. C. 

ls/L -A. WAGEBS: 

W. S. CROWDER, Chief, Queen, N. C. A. H. HARBISON, Denton, N. C. 

O. H. FRY. N;ew Hope Academy, N. C. 

Next Session will begin August the 15th, 1892. 

i . Music 

2. What I don't Like to See T. D. Rice 

3. Class Poem Miss Hattie Cox 

4. North CarolinaVIndepencUjuce W. S. Steed 

5. Heroism L- M Kearns 

6. Music 

7. Push On Miss Mattie Steed 

8. Our Duties to our Country C H. Vuncannoh 

9. Live Not to Yourself Miss Rouina Plumber 

10. Opportunity for Effort W: R. Newby 

1 1 . Music . .* , 

1 2. Bernardo Del Carpio Miss Rebecca Parrish 

13. The Snow of Age J. M. Monroe 

14. The Unseen Battle Field Miss Claudie Steed 

15. True Manliness Z. W. Nance 

16. Music ■ 

17. The Woman of Mumbles Head Miss Mittie Bingham 

18. Night in Eden Miss Maggie Ingram 

19. Our Country, Past and Present A. H. Harrison 

20. Music 

31. The Fireman Miss Lorena Vun^nnon 

22. The World Moves C. F,. Ridge 

23. Morning Miss Este'.la Elliott 

24. Perseverance O. H. Fry 

25. Music 

26. My Mother! My Country! My God!-... - : H L Fuller 

27. The Ideal Woman .- Miss Genie Monroe 

28. The Demagouge , . , W. P ThornBury 

29. Music 

30. Bingen On the Rhine Miss Julia Parrish 

31. History R. J. Wood 

32. The Palmetto and The Pine Miss Ida Vuncannon 

33. Music ; 

34. Let the War of Races End W. S. Crowder 

35. The Voiceless Chimes Miss Lilian Miller 

36. Let the Dead Past Burry the Dead R. B. Ridge 

37. Music 

38. A Brave Woman Miss Wary Loflin 

39. The Actor's Story Miss Minnie Skeen 

40. Music 

41. Valedictory . .Miss Crissa Miller 

AWARDING MEDALS. 

Literary Address by Prof. Martin Holt, Oak Ridge, N. C. 

DOXOLOGY. 

COLE'S PRINTING HOUSE. SANFORD. N. ; 



Farmer School Commencement Program, 1892. 




THE FARMER DRAMATIC CLUB of 1901. A group of students from the Institute, including, left to right FRONT ROW: 
Unknown, Jessie Lassiter, Unknown; SECOND ROW: Prof. James Bost, Unknown, Mary Groom, art teacher; THIRD ROW: 
Bob Fuller, John Kearns, Adrian Burkhead, Herman Cranford, Unknown, Bertha Dorsett, and Lewis Dorsett. 



building served the Farmer Academy until it 
burned in 1893. William C. Hammer, who later 
owned and edited the Asheboro Courier and 
served in the U.S. Congress, was at one time a 
teacher and principal in the academy. Instrumen- 
tal in the formation of the academy were Julius 
Horney, James Skeen, and Burrell B. Ridge. The 
academy grew rapidly in size and reputation, 
becoming well-known for its excellence, and 
drawing students from a wide area. 

In 1892, before the academy building burned 
and was replaced by the "Institute" structure, the 
academy evidently considered itself a high school 
and was using "High School" in its name. In a 
program card prepared for commencement exer- 
cises in May of that year, it was referred to as 
"Farmers High School" (See a copy of that pro- 
gramme under the heading "Closing Exercises of 
Farmers High School" elsewhere in this historical 
booklet). 

When the old building was burned, the 
school's supporters replaced it with a three -story 




FARMER SCHOOL - Linnie Dorsett, Maude Nance, Hope 
Hubbard, Kate Nance, Cammie Nance, Arthur Macon, 
Reginald Porter, Emma Dorsett, Carlysle Lewis, Irvin 
Kearns, Gladys Porter, Mary Ingle. 



59 




FARMER SCHOOL (1906 or 1907) 

FRONT ROW: James Rush (?), Ivey Pierce, Unknown, Rufus Russell, Raymond Kearns, Lon Russell, Carl Hammond, ? 
Kearns, Neal Kearns, Tom Hammond, Wood Russell, Sidney Kearns. SECOND ROW: Effie Rush, Ada Hammond, Lula 
Spencer, Lucile Kearns, Ethel Kearns, Ruby Fuller, Edith Spencer, Annie Cranford, Etta Pierce, Emma Trotter, Claudia Trot- 
ter, Juanita Kearns, Henrietta Lassiter. THIRD ROW: Robert Johnson, Micajah Bingham, Jeffrey Homey, Wade Kearns, 
Charles Cameron, George Kearns, Elmer Burkhead (?), Eugene Horney, Manley Fuller, Bob Hammond, Luna Kearns, 
Dorothy Hubbard, Mary Parker, Leatta Kearns, Unknown. FOURTH ROW: Hal Kearns, Clay Cranford, Joe Kearns, Van 
Cranford, Claude Dorsett, Elbert Kearns, Edgar Kearns, Othel Kearns, Clarence Russell, Estley Kearns (?), Lewis Nance, John 
Trotter, Byron Nance, Lonnie Fuller, Maude Lassiter, Mary Horney, James Rush, Jennie Lassiter, Priscilla Hill, Lena Steed. 
SHORT ROW: Claude Birkhead, Jeff Arnold, Fred Kearns, Clay Nance, Elsie Luther, Rufus Lassiter, Esta Horney, Hope Hub- 
bard, Bettie Byrd, Loretta Spencer. BACK ROW: Sam Barnes, Adrian Birkhead, Ernest Luther, Arthur Macon, Chester Bulla, 
Frank Steed, John Arnold, William, Horney, Walter Newby, Walter Johnson, Walter Ridge, George Dorsett, Frank Birkhead, 
Gertrude Ridge, Linnie Dorsett, Mamie Pierce. TEACHERS: Berta Hutchins, Elbie Miller. 




FARMER SCHOOL - FRONT ROW: Hub Kearns, Zeb Rush, Jim Rush, Dallas Elliott, Hazel Kearns, Hallie Trogdon, Vivian 
Kearns, Norine Birkhead, Madge Kearns, Bernice Kearns, Unknown; SECOND ROW: Paul Hammond, Estley Kearns, 
Unknown, Lewis Kearns, Velon Kearns, Anna Spencer, Lena Cashatt, Ila Morgan, Ethel Roach, Neal Kearns, behind Neal 
Kearns (unknown); THIRD ROW: Sid Kearns, Fred Bingham, Elsie Cashatt, Irvin Lassiter, Hazel Trogdon, Alton Kearns, 
Rosa Elliott; BACK ROW: Myrtle Barnes, Thelma Trogdon, Ruth Presnell, Blanche Bingham, Lyde Bingham. 



60 



frame structure complete with a large auditorium 
that took most of the second floor, and steepled 
bell tower. It also contained three well -furnished 
recitation rooms, two literary society halls 
(debating, declaiming, and reciting having im- 
portant roles in the educational programs in that 
era), a music room, and a Masonic Hall. There 
were also cloak rooms, a basket room, a library, 
and an office. 

Henry Cranford, Tom Lassiter, and Warren 
Rush — all local men — were the carpenters that 
put the building up. They are remembered as the 
best workmen of that time. 

The board of trustees, who chose to name the 
renovated institution "Farmer Institute," were 
Callier Kearns, president, N.W. Newby, secretary 
and treasurer, Marvin P. Skeen, Erasmus Ingram, 
Gideon Macon, D.B. Lewis, and B.B. Ridge. 
Most of these men, as well as many others, con- 
tributed generously to the building fund. 

The first faculty for the new institute consisted 
of Thomas C. Amick, principal, a graduate of 
Nashville and Peabody Normal College in Ten- 
nessee; Phillip E. Shaw; Bethenel S. Kearns; and 
Miss Luna E. Neal. 

A catalogue issued for the 1894-95 term said 
that the site of the institute was chosen because it 
"is one of the finest agricultural districts in our 
county, it is removed from the temptations of the 
town and city life." 

"We regard the community as particularly 




FARMER HIGH SCHOOL BAND. Soon after the Farmer 
school became a public high school, Sherrill Lassitet, a 
teacher, organized a band, shown above. Lassiter is seated 
before the group. This picture, taken about 1910, contains 
the following: left to right FRONT ROW: Lewis Steed, 
Elbert Kearns, Fred Kearns, Irvin Kearns, Arthur Macon, 
Clay Cranford, Numa Russell; BACK ROW: Clay Nance, 
Walter Kearns, Frank Steed, Ed Kearns, William Horney, 
and Marvin Kearns. 

adapted to sustain a school of high grade, because 
of its moral and religious sentiment, its temper- 
ance sentiment and its active educational spirit 
which now persuades its people," the catalogue 
said. 

Students boarded with the families of the com- 
munity. Board (including meals, fuel for heating, 
furnishings, etc.) was $6 per month. "Young 
ladies and young men will not be allowed to 




6TH GRADE, 1914, FARMER SCHOOL. FRONT ROW: Lewis Kearns, Estley Kearns, James Rush, Elsie Cashatt, Esther 
Russell, Lyde Bingham, Irving Lassiter, Alton Kearns; SECOND ROW: Allen McDaniel, Alec Yeargan, Ha Morgan, Blanche 
Bingham; THIRD ROW: Sid Kearns, Fred Bingham, Thelma Trogdon, Ruth Presnell. 



6i 




10TH GRADE. 1914, FARMER HIGH SCHOOL. FRONT 
ROW: Ethel Kearns, Percy Morgan, Ida Myers; SECOND 
ROW: Mamie Thompson, Carl Vuncannon, Adleta Trog- 
don, Coy Kearns; BACK ROW: Claude Walker, Erman 
Trogdon, Carl Lassiter, Claude Dorsett. 



board with the same families," the catalogue 
warned. 

"There will be two entirely and distinct depart- 
ments of our school: the Male and the Female! 
Boys and girls will be together only on recitations 
and there will be allowed no communication be- 
tween the two sexes. Social entertainments will be 
given from time to time as the faculty sees fit." 

The Farmer Institute had an enrollment of 89, 
37 of which were female, that first year of 
1893-94. It continued to grow and attract stu- 
dents, as well as good teachers, from outside the 
community. In a letter written about his experi- 
ences there, H.M. Loy of Jacksonville, N.C., 
vrote: 

In the fall of 1895 George Neese and I 
entered school at the Farmer Institute, 
Farmer, North Carolina. At that time, W.H. 
Boone, a graduate of Elon College, was prin- 
cipal, and Prof. H.C. Stout, Alamance 




FARMER SCHOOL 1915? -FRONT ROW: Raymond Horney, Edward Morgan, Tom Hammond, Jake Presnell, Wood 
Russell, OtheLl Kearns, Neal Kearns, Sid Kearns, Estely Kearns, Robert Free, Willy Plummer, Herbert Kearns, Wilbur Pierce, 
Robert Fuller, Lewis Kearns, Zeb Rush, Raymond Kearns, "Jim" Rush, Tom Burkhead, Earl Kearns. SECOND ROW: Hazel 
Kearns, Fay Kearns, Vida Cornelison, Leah Hammond, Vivian Kearns, Bernice Kearns, Velon Kearns, Rosa Elliott, Hazel 
Trogdon, Ethel Roach, Ruby Kearns, Ruth Presnell, Madge Kearns, Dallas Elliott, Hallie Trogdon, Blanche Bingham, Esther 
Russell, Norine Burkhead, Lena Cashatt, Ocia Morgan, Lyde Bingham, Elsie Cashatt, Mildred Russell, Lena Lassiter, Sam 
Hudson. THIRD ROW: Luna Kearns, Louise Kearns, Henrietta Newlin, Ina Ellington, Lydia Bingham, Effie Rush, Ida 
Bingham, Thelma Trogdon, Ila Morgan, Ada Hammond, Edith Spencer, Lucille Kearns, Leata Kearns, Virginia Steed, Annie 
Cranford, Ethel Kearns, Lula Spencer, Vernon Nance, Carl Hammond, Paul Hammond, George Steed, Irvin Lassiter, Joe 
Steed, Alton Kearns. FOURTH ROW: Annie Morris, Mamie Thompson, Janie Elliott, Sallie Morris, Tom Morgan, Rosa 
Barnes, Benson Bingham, Raymond Nance, Percy Morgan, Dorsey Lewis, Orvil Wood, Bunkster Bingham, Glenn Lassiter, 
Wade Hussey, Jeffrey Horney, Eugene Horney. FIFTH ROW: George Kearns, Carl Lassiter, Austin Elliott, Adleta Trogdon, 
Ida Meyers, Alice Thompson, Myrtle Barnes, Juanita Kearns, Fred Bingham, Pearl Hussey, Martin Cooper, Mary Horney, 
Mose Adams, Edith Parrish, Walter Morgan, Esther Horney (Teacher), Linnie Shamburg (Principal), Pearl Gordon, (Teacher), 
Nettie Highfield (Teacher), Claude Dorsett, Van Cranford, Edwin Cooper, Elmer Burkhead. 
IN WINDOWS: 1. Coy Kearns, Joe Kearns, Lewis Nance. 2. Bud Kearns, Lewis Cooper, Bob Morris. 



6z 



County, was assistant. There were probably 
as many as 30 boarding pupils. The girls, 
most of them, boarded with families in the 
community. The price of board was $6 per 
month. 

The course of study was about what was 
required for college entrance. The tuition 
was $40 per year. 

Neese and I graduated in the spring of 
1898, and I think we were the first two grad- 
uates to receive diplomas at that institution. 

The school building was a three -story 
frame building, rather large for those days. 
The desks and blackboards were modern in 
every respect. In fact, Farmer Institute at 
that time was a very good preparatory school. 

In those days there were no automobiles. 



We had to board a train at Burlington and 
we were met at Asheboro by someone who 
took us and our baggage in a wagon (to the 
institute) a distance of twelve miles. 

Esta Horney Morgan, daughter of Julius 
Horney, in her notes about the Farmer school says 
that the graduating class of 1904 included Ed 
Macon, Agnes Johnson, and Margaret (Maggie) 
Horney. Teachers at the Institute that year were 
Eugene Harris, principal, Laura Gibson, Helen 
Newbold, and Miss Annie Johnson (music). 

As a private institute, the Farmer school con- 
tinued its contribution to the educational excel- 
lence of the community and the state until 1907 
when the General Assembly enacted law provid- 
ing for the creation and maintenance of public 
high schools in every county, the location of the 




FARMER HIGH SCHOOL (1916 or 1917) - FRONT ROW: Sam Lewis (?), Wade Kearns, Clarence Russell, Unknown, Glenn 
Lassiter, Elmer Burkhead; SECOND ROW: Claude Dorsett, Carl Vuncannon, Frank Bingham, Wade Hussey, Austin Elliott, 
Martin Cooper, Phillip Garner; THIRD ROW: Linnie Shamburger (Teacher), Neal Kearns, Ethel Kearns, Carl Hammond, 
Virginia Steed, Ina Ellington, Henrietta Lassiter, Esther Hussey, Bob Hammond, Unknown; FOURTH ROW: Lee Atta 
Kearns, Lula Spencer, Lucille Kearns, Edith Spencer; FIFTH ROW: Sally Morris, Alice Thompson, Adleta Trogdon, Mamie 
Thompson, Sarah Shaw, Emma Loflin, Unknown, Ida Meyers, Edith Parrish, Grade Thornburg; SLXTH ROW: Luna Kearns, 
Mary Horney, Unknown; BACK ROW: Percy Morgan, Carl Lassiter, Erman Trogdon, Dyle Cranford, Mose Adams, Hobson 
Johnson, Brian Cox, Joe Kearns, Willie Trogdon, George Kearns, Claude Walker. 

63 



schools to be determined by the environment 
most conducive to the general purpose of educa- 
tion. Taking into consideration all the advantages 
offered, and the broad field in the southwestern 
part of Randolph Countv, the Board of Education 
designated Farmer as a place suitably situated fot 
one of the schools. 

The trustees of the institute— J. H. Kearns, 
chm., Madison Hammond, A J. Macon, L.M. 
Kearns, and H.C. Nance .— permitted the insti- 
tute building to be used for the public high 
school, and the school continued under the con- 
trol of the state. E.J. Coltrane was made County 
Superintendent of Public Instruction in 1907. 

The members of the faculty at that first state' 
controlled school were C. Linnie Shamburger, 
principal, Adna Lamb, Nettie Highfill, and Esta 
Horney, who also served as librarian. 

The first graduating class of the Farmer High 
School, which included grades 8—11, listed 
Hope Hubbard, Alma Lassiter, Kate Dorsett, 
Maggie Parrish, Walter Kearns, and Conrad 
Horney. Teachers at that time were George Brad- 
shaw, principal, Miss Betts, Gladys Highfill, Pearl 
Gordon, Linnie Shamburger, Mr. Carson, Mamie 




FARMER HIGH SENIORS 1918. The girls put on their 
middy blouses and the boys donned hard collars and 
neckties to have their picture taken. FRONT ROW: Edith 
Spencer, Ina Ellington, Henrietta Lassiter, Virginia Steed; 
SECOND ROW: William A. Young, prin., Frances Varner, 
Clarence Russell, Jamie Hammond; THIRD ROW: Lyde 
Kearns, Moleta Morgan, Lola Allred, Mabel Morgan; 
FOURTH ROW: Baxter Allred, Glenn Lassiter, and Carl 
Hammond. 




Jesse Garner, Principal Farmer High School. 




FARMER HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS LN 1918. FRONT 
ROW: Nellie K. Dry - teacher, Esther Russell, Clara Mor- 
ris, Lyde Bingham; SECOND ROW: Roy Varner, Tom 
Hammond, Irvin Lassiter, Lewis Kearns; THIRD ROW: 
Elsie Cashatt, Ila Morgan, Blanche Bingham; FOURTH 
ROW: Wood Russell, Edward Morgan, Fred Bingham, 
Allen McDaniel. 



64 




The Farmer School students in 1918. First Grade through High School. 



Lamb, Henry Smith, Maggie Homey, Sherrill 
Lassiter, Frances Marshall, and Esta Horney (there 
was one other teacher whose name has been lost). 

During this period in the school's history Sher- 
rill Lassiter organized a brass band. Members were 
S.T. Lassiter, Walter Kearns, Elbert Kearns, Lewis 
Steed, Frank Steed, Marvin Kearns, Ed Kearns, 
William Horney, Clay Nance, Irvin Kearns, Fred 
Kearns, and Clay Cranford. At that time also, 
Hiram Bell taught music. His father was pastor of 
the church and his mother taught music in the 
parsonage. 

At the end of each school year, the school 
staged a series of programs, usually for the enter- 
tainment and enlightenment of its patrons, called 
a "Commencement." Long hours were spent in 
practice of the plays, recitations, musical rendi- 
tions, the baseball game, etc. Hawkers from as far 
away as High Point came to erect business 
"stands" from which they sold refreshments and 
that day's version of "fast foods" to the com- 
mencement crowd. One thing they sold was lem- 
onade made in a galvanized washtub. Another 
delicacy was bananas hanging yellow from the 
stalk, a strange and thrilling sight to many of the 
Farmer children of that day (Esta Morgan says). 

Featuring the morning exercises of that day was 
an address from some dinstinguished speaker — 
some widely known politician, educator, or busi- 
ness man. He spoke to the seniors and the assem- 
bled citizens gathered in the auditorium. Follow- 
ing the address, dinner was held on the grounds. 



Parents and friends brought picnic baskets filled 
with their favorite recipes, which they spread on a 
communal table set up under the trees. That 
event not only took care of the appetites of those 
gathered for the day, but it gave them the oppor- 
tunity to visit with neighbors they had not seen 
since commencement the year before. 

In the afternoon, the school's baseball team, 
sometimes using teachers and principal in the 
line-up, played, weather permitting, a game, 
sometimes with another school, sometimes the 
"town" team. That night, to wind up the year, 




FARMER SCOUTS - 1924 - Ocia Morgan, Hope Hubbard, 
Mozelle Johnson, Janet McMasters, Pid Johnson, Mary Lewis 
Skeen, Elizabeth Fuller, Madge Johnson, Hazel Kearns. 



65 




FARMER SCHOOL FIRST GRADE - FIRST ROW, left to right: Pallie Shaw, Callie Scarlett, Kathleen Bescher, Jacklyene 
Bingham, Miriam Wham, Unknown, Lewella Bane, Unknown, Claudia Harris, Unknown, Teacher: Alice Dorsett. SECOND 
ROW, left to right: Unknown, Jack Johnson, Charles Hunt, Gracie or Thursie Hoover, Unknown, Unknown, Walton Harris. 
THIRD ROW, left to right: Unknown, Unknown, Unknown, Odel] Jackson, Unknown, Keith Hammond, Lewis Yates. 




FARMER HIGH SCHOOL 1925 - FRONT ROW: Allene Kearns, Grace Kearns, Nellie Barnes, Beth Richardson, Nell 
Cooper, Leah Hammond. SECOND ROW: Ruby Lassiter, Madge Johnson, Mack Pickett, Annie Johnson, Lena Trogdon, 
Linas Bailey, Maude Carter, Sue Morgan. THIRD ROW: Ocia Morgan, Bessie Lowe, Margaret Lewis, Ina Kearns, Sallie 
Pickett, Elgie Hopkins, Jennie Cooper, Dermont Kearns, Hal Bingham. FOURTH ROW: Clyde Cornelison, Rupert Thorn- 
burg, Baxter Elliott, Paul Skeen, Laura Lank (teacher), Roby Garner, John Lank (teacher), Alton Kearns, Fred Ficquette (Prin- 
cipal), John Morgan, Robert Fuller, Ira McDowell. 

66 




FARMER GIRLS' BASKETBALL TEAM 1927 -FRONT ROW left to right: Madge Johnson, Grace Kearns, Hazel Cashatt, 
Sue Morgan, Allene Kearns, Myrtle Lanier. BACK ROW left to right: Nellie Barnes, Viola Sanborn — coach, and Elizabeth 
Fuller. The team played teams from Denton, Asheboro, Ramseur, Franklinville, and once they went as far as Thomasville to 
play a game at night. They traveled by school bus. Their record for that year has been lost with the bouncing ball of time. 




GIRLS BASKETBALL TEAM AT FARMER HIGH SCHOOL 1929-30: Faedene Ridge, coach, Gertrude Lowe, Myrle 
Johnson, Dorothy Cashatt, Glynn Bane, Edith Lackey. Cleta Varner, Lula Plummer, Loy Dawson, Hazel Cashatt, Walta Par- 
rish, Sarah Kearns. Won all their games in the county tournament but one. Lost to Randleman in finals. 

67 



Graduating Exercises 

Farmer High School 
May 5rh 1927 

Salutatory Hal Bingham 

Clas9 History Elgie Hopkins 

Class Prophecy .-- Sallie Pickett 

Giftorian Speech Edna Walker 

Class Will John Morgan 

Valedictory Madge Johnson 

Presentation of Diplomas 
Class Song 

Address to Graduating Class Professor P. E. Lindley 

Presentation of Attendance Certificates 
Presentation of Certificates to Seventh Grade Graduates 

Seventh Grade Valedictory Mary Lewis Skeen 

Class Song 



Graduation Program — May 5, 1927. 



68 




FARMER HIGH SCHOOL, SENIOR CLASS, 1930 -FIRST ROW: Sarah Kearns, Cleta Varner, Gertrude Lowe, Hazel 
Cashatt, Lula Plummer, Glynn Bane, Crissie Trogdon, Louise Thornburg, Prof. E.E. Farlow; SECOND ROW: Annie Leigh 
Williams, Melva Cranford, James Johnson, Loy Dawson, Everett Morris, Annie Pickett; THIRD ROW: Roy Lackey, Holton 
Thornburg, Van Lanier, Henry Parker. 



some of the high school boys and girls staged a 
play, usually a light comedy — a part of the pro- 
gram well attended in those days before radio and 
television. 

In concluding her notes about the early Farmer 
High School, Mrs. Morgan states: "From there 
have gone out many young people who have done 
many things to uphold the high ideals they 
learned at that school. There have gone out many 
school teachers, members of the legislature, 
preachers, doctors, business men, and good 
farmers." 

The Farmer school continued to operate as a 
state supported high school until 1970, when, as a 
part of the state's general consolidation program, 
the 10th, 11th, and 12 th graders moved to the 
newly constructed Southwestern Randolph High 
School, leaving Farmer for the first time in over 
half a century without a high school. The school 
at Farmer became an elementary setup with 
grades 1—6 and a junior high with grades 7 — 9. 
In still another change in grade organization in 
1976, the 9th grade was moved to Southwestern, 



leaving Farmer with an elementary school and a 
middle school, grades 7 — 8. 

In the meantime, a number of other events 
have transpired to bring about changes in the 
Farmer school. 

On February 15, 1923, the old three -story 
structure, dating back to 1893 when the academy 
was founded, burned. It burned one cold day 
while school was in session. One of the 6th grade 
pupils, Sue Morgan Denny, remembers the 
tragedy: 

"It was about 2 o'clock and our reading class 
was just beginning when suddenly the gong in 
the hall near our door started clanging — faster 
and more fiercely it sounded than I had ever 
heard it before. Some pupil yelled, 'I'll bet the 
school's on fire!' 

"Without waiting for permission, or in any 
order, we all started running pellmell out of the 
room. I grabbed one of my goloshes (leaving the 
other one that was right beside it) and Edwin 
Plummer's reader and ran out into the hall and 
into the school yard. Within a few minutes all of 



6 9 



the students had spilled out into the yard. Then 
we spotted it! Smoke was boiling up from the 
roof on the west side! 

"Miss Hope Hubbard's room was on the second 
floor and her class was the last one to get out. She 
had very calmly, when the alarm sounded, lined 
her children up and made them march out, as 
they had in fire drills before. 

"We had to stand helplessly by (a few of the 
nearby neighbors had seen the smoke and come) 
and watch the flames spread. There were no 
means by which any one could get to the top of 
that three- story building! 

"But when the teachers realized that, because 
of the manner in which the structure was burn- 
ing, the desks and books could be saved, they, 
with the help of the larger boys, did save most of 
the furnishings, even the piano, which was in the 
auditorium on the second floor. 

"When everything possible was rescued, the 
teachers and the boys joined the girls, who were 
standing in the cold yard crying. As the fire 
reached the windows, especially the big ones in 
the auditorium, the breaking glass made an ear- 



piercing sound that I shall never forget, and 
heard for a long time in my dreams. 

"The flames from the burning building could 
be seen for miles, we later heard. 

"My books and the other golosh were thrown 
from the windows and I recovered them. But Ed- 
win Plummer, who did not like to read, told me 
that he was sorry that I had saved his reader." 

Ocia Morgan, who was in the 9th grade when 
the building burned remembers it as one of the 
most exciting events that ever occurred in Farmer. 

During the remainder of that year and until a 
new building was finished in 1924, school was 
held in a vacant store, in the church, and in the 
vacant dwelling of Mrs. Rosa Kearns. 

An agriculture department was added to the 
school in 1924 and a wood and block building 
erected to house it. In 1929, Highway 62 (later 
changed to 49) was constructed through Farmer, 
giving the school and the village better access to 
the surrounding center of population. 

With the continued growth of the school and 
the community, clubs and organizations became 
increasingly interested in the school and involved 




FARMER SCHOOL- 1931(?)- SITTING: Charles Kearns, Jr. and Claude Williams; FIRST ROW: Betsy Bane, Dorothy 
Luther, Jewel Hopkins, Edna Arnold, Miranda Harris, Eva Lambeth, Mozelle Horney; SECOND ROW: Cleo Tysinger, Clif- 
ford Cashatt, Val Thornburg, Edith Trotter; THIRD ROW: Raymond Thompson, Roy Small, George Yates, Gilbert Parker, 
George McDowell, Dwight Morgan, Jack Hoover; FOURTH ROW: Wade Briles, Lindsey Walker, George Cranford, Eugene 
Loflin, Bruce Luther, Clay Wood. Teacher — Miss Calhoun. 



7° 



"GO SLOW MARY" 

By LILLIAN MORTIMER 

Presented by 

THE JUNIOR CLASS 

FARMER HIGH SCHOOL 



CAST: 

Billy Abbey, a young husband out of a job George Vuncannon 

Mary Abbey, his discontented wife Annie Lanier 

Mrs. Berdon, Mary's mother Walta Parrish 

Sally Carter, Mary's bosom friend Mary Lewis Skeen 

Harry Stevens, Sally's sweetheart Robert Nance 

Burt Childs, Billy's friend Stanton Poole 

Bobby Berdon, iMary's young nephew, a holy terror, Woodrow Ridge 

Dolly Berdon, Mary's niece, another holy terror Ruth Trogden 

Katie, the Abbey's maid Ruth Garner 

Denny Grubb, an iceman, suitor to Katie John Bane 

Murphy, a policemen, Denny's rival Buren Cranford 

Time — The Present 
Place — Suburb of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 

ACT. I. Living room of the Abbey's home in Philadelphia, 

ACT. II. The same; three days later. 

ACT. III. The same; immediately after Act II. 



Junior Class Play Program, Date Unknown. 




FARMER GIRLS BASKETBALL TEAM 1930-31. Annie Lanier, Ruth Garner, Mary Lewis Skeen, Myrle Johnson, Dorothy 
Cashatt, Grace Nance, Edith Lackey, Betsy Bane, Lucille Cranford. 




FARMER BOYS BASKETBALL TEAM 1931-32. FRONT ROW: Clyde Harris, Clark Thornburg, Clifford Cashatt, Hal 
Lanier, Wayne Bingham, Val Thornburg, Burrell Hopkins, John Wagoner, coach; BACK ROW: Reid Harris, Buren Lanier, 
Glenn Dawson, Eugene Loflin, Whitman Kearns, Mgr. 



7 1 



in its activities. The Farmer Home Demonstration 
Club operated a cafeteria in 1944 on a voluntary 
basis. It was located in the basement of the 
Farmer Methodist Church and Mrs. Wayne Bing- 
ham and Mrs. Worth Garner served as co- 
managers, with other members helping when 
needed. The cafeteria was self-supporting except 
for government commodities. It was moved in 
1951 to the basement of the high school build- 
ing. It became grade "A" and operated under the 
management of Mrs. Newton Kearns, Mrs. C.C. 
Cranford, Mrs. Doak Lowe, Mrs. Lewis Pierce, 
and Miss Hope Hubbard for several years. 

In 1948-49 a gymnasium was added to the 
building complex. Up until that time the basket- 
ball teams had played on outdoor, dirt courts. 
Again, the people of the community chipped in 
to help the school improve its facilities. 

In 1951, the first part of a new high school 
building was erected. Four more rooms were add- 
ed in 1958. The old building was remodeled to 
include an elementary library. 

The Farmer school, by the time it was con- 
solidated in 1970, had grown from 90 students 



with four teachers back in 1893 to an enrollment 
of about 800 with 30 or more teachers, proving 
that it had within itself the ingredients for growth 
and success. Furthermore, the imprint of its spirit 
lies upon the Farmer Community, a spirit of hon- 
esty and industry that has doubtlessly influenced 
the culture of North Carolina far beyond the 
school's geographical limits. 

A list (possibly incomplete) of the principals 
who have served the Farmer school shows the 
following: 

Eugene Harris (served the last years— 1904- 
1907 — of the institute), Linnie Shamburger is 
remembered as the first principal of the public 
school. Then came George Bradshaw, Henry 
Smith, Sherrill Lassiter, Laura Scott, W.A. 
Young, Miss Thompson (school closed in 1918 
because of World War I under her), Mr. Stewart, 
W. Carson King, Jesse Garner, Frank Wood, 
B.M. Cheatham, Fred Fiquette, Grover Bush, 
C.U. Lowrance, E.E. Farlow, W. Henry Dewar, 
John Wagoner, E.H. Thompson, J.F. Barrier, 
G.C. Castello, Worth Hatley, Mike York, and 
John Mattocks. 




The Farmer School teacherage, located near the school buildings. Used until 1963. 



73 



iooTh Anniversary Observed By Farmer School 



In 1979, students Amy Little and Celeste Ken- 
yon, with help from teacher Phyllis Younts, 
planned and headed a series of activities to com- 
memorate the 100th Anniversary of the Farmer 
School. 

One activity was the sale of 500 buttons which 
proclaimed "The Farmer School— 100 years of 
quality education!" Other events planned includ- 
ed Dress -up Days, Spirit Days, and a Saturday - 
Gathering Day to be held on the school grounds 
with various events planned. 

A seal contest for the school was held and 
Lynne Henley, a seventh grader, won first prize. 



Her seal showed four areas of school accomplish- 
ment: learning, social activities, friendship, and 
athletics. Her slogan said, "Over 100 years and 
Farmer still strong in. . ." the above areas. Beth 
Hayworth was awarded second place. 

The Farmer School was started in 1879 in the 
Concord M.E. Church as a subscription day 
school. It then became an academy with its own 
building in 1882, the three-storied institute in 
1893, a public high school in 1907, a junior high 
school in 1970 when the schools were consoli- 
dated and the high school was moved to South- 
western Randolph. The school serves as an ele- 
mentary and middle school at present. 




Farmer School — 1979 



74 



6 



Bombay Institute 

An Adventure in Education 



Bombay Institute, an adventute in educa- 
tion that began in 1897 (some say 1900) 
and coveted a span of twenty -five yeats, 
played a tole of inestimable value in North Caro- 
lina's "burgeoning out" of its educational pro- 
gram after the turn of the century. Bombay, to- 
gether with Farmer Institute (later public high 
school), gave southwestern Randolph County 
educational opportunities hardly equaled else- 
where in the state. Its influence has reached, 
through business leaders, into such municipalities 
as Denton, Asheboro, High Point, Lexington, 
Thomasville, Greensboro, and Winston -Salem. 
Bombay (usually pronounced "Bomby") was 



built by subscription money with some help ftom 
the county on land donated by Frank Kearns, 
who lived in the area. The name came from the 
little village that had grown up around the post 
office named "Bombay," the otigin of the village 
name being lost. 

The school year began in late August and — 
aftet observing the usual holidays — closed in late 
May. Its curriculum included grades one through 
nine with the usual courses in reading, writing, 
and arithmetic, but Bombay offered rhetoric, 
German, French, Cicero and Virgil, physics, 
chemistry, and astronomy. The cost ranged from 
one dollar per month for first graders to three - 




Bombay School, a leading educational institution in Southwestern Randolph County during the first quarter of this century. 

75 



fifty for ninth graders. Room and board was ad- 
vertised at six dollars per month. The principal re- 
ceived thirty dollars per month; the teachers 
twenty. 

Harris Johnson, a former student who made his 
home in Winston- Salem, recalled that the school 
had two classes in the beginning — one for grades 
one through four, the other for grades five 
through nine. While county schools operated for 
three months, if they had enough money, the 
Bombay school ran for six months. 

Some students lived at home and walked to 
school, some coming from four miles away. 
Others boarded with families in the community. 
Some students came from as far away as Stokes 
County. 

Bible reading and prayer opened each day of 
classes. Recess meant outside activities: rope 
jumping, bullpen ball, town ball (in which the 
batter hit the ball and everybody ran. If the 
players were "crossed out" with a thrown ball, the 
other team got its turn at bat). The little girls had 
play houses at the edge of the woods. One por- 
tion of the playground was for the boys, another 
for the girls. Outhouses were discreetly placed on 
opposite sides of the grounds. 

Commencement exercises at the end of the year 
highlighted the social activities of the community. 
An article in the Ashe bow Courier m 1906 gave the 
following account of a Bombay Commencement: 
"The commencement exercises of the 
Bombay Institute occurred Friday. The day's 
program was well arranged and the efforts of 
those who took part were highly compli- 
mented by the large crowd that had gathered 
from miles around to witness the exercises. 
The program during the morning consist- 
ed of declamations by the young men of the 
school and recitations by the young ladies, 
interspersed with music by the New Hope 
orchestra, which added much to the diver- 
sion of thought suggested by the different 
declaimers. The orchestra is composed of 
Messers. S.T. Lassiter, director and pianist; 
Bernard Varner and Walter Lyndon, violin- 
ists; Eck Loflin and Reggie Varner, cornet; 
Carl Lyndon, trombone; Walter Hill, tenor 
violin; Rufus Lassiter, bass violin; Floyd 
Lassiter and J.L. Cranford, mandolin; and 
Tony Johnson and Carl Nance, banjo. 

N.L. Cranford, formerly of Bombay and 
now one of Winston -Salem's most enterpris- 
ing and public spirited businessmen, had 




Jim Way — Professor 

offered a gold medal for the best declama- 
tion. The medal was won by Byron Ingram. 
The reciter's medal, given by Prof. J.H. 
Robertson, the principal, was won by Miss 
Tura Cameron." 

One of the highlights of Bombay's existence 
was an address delivered at the commencement in 
1903 by North Carolina's foremost Educator, the 
man who coined the phrase "burgeoning out" in 
relation to learning, Governor Charles B. Aycock. 
No vestige of the institute's location remains 
today, but a brochure prepared by one of Bom- 
bay's principals, J.M. Brown, gave the following 
information: 

"Bombay Institution is situated seventeen 
miles southwest of Asheboro, twenty- two 
miles north of Troy. It is surrounded by one 
of the best farming communities. Bombay 
(the village) has two mails per day, stores, 
etc., in fact everything necessary for 
students. There is ample room for boarders 
near the school. Preaching and Sunday 
School at the institute every Sunday." 
(The site is off the Bombay Road about four 
miles southwest of Farmer). 

Former Bombay students have been holding 



76 



annual reunions since 1962 when the first one was 
observed at the home of Carson and Ila Cranford, 
both former students of the institute. Since that 
time they have been held in the Farmer Grange 
Hall. 

Other former students who have attended re- 
cent reunions are Mrs. Forest Kearns Kearns and 
Carl Nance, Rt, 2, Denton; Mrs. Ossie Kearns 
Cranford and Mrs. Jessie Morris Skeen, Rt. 3, 
Denton; Johnny Mitchell, Glenn Johnson, Roy 
Kearns, and Walter Johnson, Denton; Reid 



Kearns, Archdale; Austin Elliott, Thomasville; 
Mrs. Annie Johnson Thornburg and Mrs. Annie 
Mitchell Nance, Greensboro; Mrs. Jessie Johnson 
Bingham, Clemmons; Worth Kearns and Virgil 
Morris, High Point; J.C. Loflin, Winston- Salem; 
Willard Loflin, Fayetteville; and Mrs. Rose Elliot 
Kivett, Asheboro. 

Mr. and Mrs. Carson Cranford, who have been 
married about 67 years, were married in the yard 
of the school while they were seated in their 
buggy. 




BOMBAY SCHOOL REUNION OCT. 29, 1972, in Farmer Grange Hall. Left to right FIRST ROW: Forrest Kearns, Willard 
Loflin, Jessie Bingham, Annie Nance, Jessie Skeen, Ila Cranford, Carson Cranford, Annie Thornburg, Ossie Cranford; SEC- 
OND ROW: Glenn Johnson, Austin Elliott, Sr., Worth Kearns, Reid Kearns, Virgil Morris, Clinard Loflin, Roy Kearns. 



77 



7 

Piney Grove School 

At the Beginning of the Century 



Before the Civil War, and for several years 
thereafter, the only school available to the 
children of the Piney Grove Community 
was the Northbend School, which was located on 
the Jackson Creek Road near the Northbend 
Cemetery. The families living northwest of Piney 
Grove, then, had some four miles for their 
children to walk to school. Consequently the peo- 
ple of Piney Grove got together to secure land 
from the Haley Morgan estate, on which a one- 
room structure was built, probably sometime 
during the 1870's. It stood 500 yards southeast of 
the Piney Grove Church. 

During the early years of the school, focus was 
on reading, writing, arithmetic, and spelling, the 
school running for four to six months each year, 
with some teaching for the smaller children in the 
summer time. 

As the pupil population increased, a new 
building was erected after the turn of the century. 
It contained one large classroom, two cloak 
rooms, and a porch. It was located on a knoll 
about 150 yards from the church. 

Prior to the turn of the century and until 1906, 
the public funds for operating schools were often 
inadequate and a tuition had to be charged the 
pupils to meet the school expenses — a problem 
that confronted the Piney Grove School, as it did 
all others. 

Until 1915, the school contained only one 
room with seven grades being taught by one 
teacher. After that year, two teachers were 
employed and the classroom was partitioned into 
two rooms. 

Soon thereafter Piney Grove began to receive 
attention and assistance from John R. (Jack) 
Mitchell, a native of New Jersey who owned a 
hunting lodge nearby. He provided funds for a 
new classroom and paid the salary of an addi- 
tional teacher. Each year he gave the students and 
their parents a picnic. At that time athletic events 
were held and prizes awarded to the winners. 
During the period of Mitchell's interest, the 
school developed a strong "esprit de corps" and 
grew into a three -room, three -teacher institution. 



By the 1920's many children finishing the work 
offered at Piney Grove began to want to continue 
their education in a high school. Since Farmer 
had the nearest high school, they began to go 
there, a school bus being used by sometime in the 
mid 1920's. As busses came into general use, the 
people of the Piney Grove Community decided 
they wanted all of their children to get the benefit 
of the school facilities at Farmer. Consequently, 
in the beginning of the school year 1934 all the 
Piney Grove children began attending the Farmer 
School. 

The building at Piney Grove was bought by 
Clay and Marvin Bescher, who dismantled it. 
A partial list of Piney Grove teachers: 
Moses Morgan Kate Surratt 

Mary Reagan Lela Delk 

Erastus Wood Mamie Lackey 

Sam Varner Rev. Robert Short 

Lovie Surratt Conrad Homey 

Tom Ingram Madge Kearns 

Carl Linden Elizabeth Fuller 

Alma Delk Madge Craven 

Glenn Scott Mattie Hicks 

Ernest Ridge Carl Lassiter 

Blanche Ingram Hazel Trogden 

Alma Nixon Mabel Ridge 

Mittie Russell Pearl Hussey 

Esta Horney Annie Johnson 

Ethel Allred Lola Briles 

Blanche Chriscoe Maude Miller 

Emma Loflin Hope Hubbard 

Bessie Morgan 

Percy Morgan, one of Farmer's oldest residents 
(1981), had his first experience with school as a 
visitor at Piney Grove when he was a pre -school 
child. His father, Moses Morgan, a school master, 
took him to a "school closing" in which he made a 
"speech." The speech, as Percy recalls, went like 
this: 

Love is a pretty thing, 
Beauty is a blossom. 
If you want your finger bitten, 
Poke it at a possum. 



78 



His first teacher when he started to school was 
Mary Reagan who ran a subscription summer 
school near the Piney Grove Church in the Jack- 
son Creek Community. He remembers his first ac- 
complishment — making the figure "2" like his 
teacher's, something that made him very happy. 

After going to that school for three or four 
years, he entered his first "free" school. Erastus 
(Rat) Wood was his teacher. Mr. Wood had a very 
strict rule that no one was to whisper while he 
read the Bible in the morning devotion. Once 
when Percy, his brother Walter, and John 
McDowell were all sitting on the front seat during 
the Bible reading, McDowell started whispering 
to Percy and Walter about swapping "thumb 
cards," cards used while reading to keep from get- 
ting the pages of the book dirty. Quickly came 
three resounding slaps from Mr. Wood, putting 
an end to the McDowell boy's little enterprise. 



One morning, when Miss Surratt was the 
teacher, Percy and his brother Tom and Walter, 
arrived at school to find that some of the older 
boys had the door blocked with some of the desks 
piled against it to keep the teacher out until she 
promised them a Christmas treat. But they let the 
pupils in until the teacher came. She arrived with 
one of the older girls, heard the demands of the 
boys, and left. But she soon returned with Frank 
Cameron, one of the committee men, and anoth- 
er man whom the teacher had met on his way to 
do some cattle trading. 

When the boys saw the teacher and the two 
men, they scrambled out through the back door 
and fled into the woods, the smaller children 
trailing behind soon to be left. When the teacher 
rang the bell, all the smaller children went back 
to school, but the older boys went home. One of 
them, Alfred McDowell, never returned to school 







I mm, 






•mm 

b i 

* 


W^ 


H »r ' *# 




i 


, > : , 1. 


• -■ L 



PINEY GROVE SCHOOL- 1917, taken at Mock House, Thomasville. FIRST ROW: Clifford Delk, Roby Garner, Pernell 
Hoover, Tom Nance, John Morgan, Sam Nance, Clay Gallimore, Silas Garner, Allen Garner, Roy Yates; SECOND ROW: 
Don Q. Surratt, Hilda Garner, Pauline Hoover, Annie Delk, Cleta Hoover, Louie Arnold, Leta Morgan, Irene Hoover, Reggie 
Nance, Joe Pierce, Lindsay Small, Bob Delk; THIRD ROW: Charlie Delk, Trellis Pierce, Clara Pierce, Erne Garner, Blanche 
Delk, Ruth Delk, Roannah Gallimore, Ilata Yates, Lewis Varner; FOURTH ROW: Troy Nance, Bert Gallimore, Albert 
Garner, John Nance, Agnes Nance, Nina Nance, Lola Delk, Bessie McDowell, Clatie Yates, Idyl Hill, Dave Hoover; FIFTH 
ROW: May Varner, Vernie Wood, Tishie Pierce, Callie Yates, Ina Wicks, Mattie Delk, Miss Horney, Miss Nixon, Hope Hub- 
bard, Roy Loflin; SLXTH ROW: Edward Loy, Mr. Jasper Surratt, Mr. J.R. Mitchell, Mr. R.C. Hoover, Mr. Carl Garner, Mr. 
C.H. Hill, Mr. Watt Nance, Mr. Marvin Garner, Fred Nance; SEVENTH ROW: Mr. Joshua Morgan, Mr. Cleve Grimes, Lewis 
Pierce, Alfred Wicks, Early Hill, Mr. Lee Delk, Ray Hoover, Jordon Hill, McKinney Hill, Frank Delk. 



79 



after that day. 

Teachers other than Wood and Lovie Surratt 
whom Percy had were Tom Ingram and Sam 
Varner. 

When the Piney Grove free school was first 
opened, the Committee sought a male teacher, 
believing the male could better discipline the 
larger boys who still attended the grade schools in 
those days. But the committee had to accept 
Blanche Chrisco (who later married Jap Surratt). 

Allen J. Macon did teach the first week of the 
new school because Miss Chrisco could not get 
there. She was scheduled to open school on Tues- 
day, but arrived early and Frank Cameron sent 
word around that the school would begin Mon- 
day. Now, the Morgan boys and the B.D. Hoover 
boys had planned a rabbit hunt and they did not 
like for their plans to be thwarted. So, when 
Monday came and the Hoover boys passed by on 
the way to school, they took their dogs — 
Morgan's and Hoover's — along. Soon the dogs 
had two rabbits up and school was forgotten. But 
alas! One of the rabbits ran under the church, 
which was near the school. While the boys tried 
to get the bunny out, the teacher sent Joe Delk to 
tell the boys to come into the school house. 

Percy contended that the message was only a 
Joe Delk trick and they did not heed her sum- 
mons. Pretty soon Delk was back with another 
message from the new teacher. That one fetched 
the rabbit hunters. Once inside, they met their 
teacher. 

"And did we get a raking over the coals!" Percy 



says today. 

She kept them in at recess and at the noon 
hour, a method of punishment employed by 
many teachers of the time. To be deprived of 
playing "Cat Ball," "Fox-in-the-War," and 
"Hide-and-Seek," was real punishment. As Percy 
recalls Miss Chrisco, she proved to be an efficient 
teacher. 

A later teacher at Piney Grove had Tom Mor- 
gan standing in the window once for some infrac- 
tion of the rules when Tom faked a "fit" and fell 
to the floor, being careful not to hurt himself. But 
Tom pretended that he was having convulsions 
and threshed around on the floor. "You never saw 
such kicking of the wall and the chairs," Percy 
says. 

Percy remembers spelling matches that the 
teachers used as a means of teaching. The pupils 
chose teams that stood facing each other until one 
team, obviously with the best spellers, "spelled" 
the other team down. Iva Wicks, he recalls, was 
the top speller in those days. 

One of Percy's desk mates, who often reached 
school earlier than the other pupils, saw a strange 
black dog trot by the window one morning. He 
went out to chase it away, but it growled viciously 
and charged him. The boy managed to get in and 
slam the door shut against the beast, knocking it 
back down the steps. 

The dog was "mad" it was later learned. It had 
bitten dogs and cattle of Bob Hoover and Raleigh 
McDowell, causing them to be destroyed. 



8 



Davis Mountain School 

(1911 TO MID 30'S) 



Prior to the erection of Davis Mountain 
School children in this section of Cedar 
Grove Township attended area schools 
known as "Long Branch" and "The Shack" during 
the late 1800's and early 1900's. Both were South 
of Davis Mountain. "The Shack" was on Jason 
Hoover's farm, near new Highway 49, and "Long- 
branch", or "Long Branch" was a little to the East. 
Davis Mountain School was located in Cedar 
Grove Township (now West Cedar Grove) ap- 



proximately three and one -half miles West of the 
present boundary of Asheboro, and about one- 
half mile North of "old" Highway 49, at the foot 
of the South side of Davis Mountain. It was 
bounded on the East by Henry Allred's land, on 
the South by John Pool's land, on the West by 
Jule Hoover's land, and on the North by the 
mountain from which it got its name. 

In 1911 a one-room wood structure approxi- 
mately 18 x 30 feet was built, and the first school 



80 




Miss Birdie Wood, at far right, and her pupils at Davis Mountain School in 1922. 



was taught in 1912. Joel Ashworth, Jason Hoover, 
and Jule Hoover were those who made up the 
School Committee. 

Teachers were: Miss Mary Bunting, Miss Nell 
Clark, Mr. Frank Bingham, Miss Mary Pickett, 
Miss Ethel Allred (2 terms), Mr. Baxter Allred 
(1921), Miss Birdie Wood, Miss Addie Frye, Miss 
Flay Vuncannon, (2 terms), Miss Esther Hussey, 
(2 terms), Miss Pauline Elliott, Mrs. Merle Shaw, 
Miss Pearl Hussey, Miss Sallie Pickett, Mr. Conrad 
Horney, Mr. Sidney Walker (1931-32), and Mrs. 
Lyde Auman. 

There was no public road by the school, so 
paths were made by pupils and teachers from all 
directions, some several miles long. A good many 
children lived along the "old Farmer Road", as 
much as three or four miles North, and followed a 
path leading South over the mountain to get to 
school. 

Heat was from one wood stove in the center of 
the room. Parents took turns cutting and hauling 
poles from the woods nearby onto the school 
grounds, to be cut to proper stove -length by the 
older students. Often the supply ran short, and 
the older boys would take the one axe the County 
furnished (which was usually dull as a froe), and 



go into the woods and cut firewood, carrying it 
back to school in their arms considerable distances. 

Water was carried from a spring nearby, and 
poured into a four gallon container with a spigot 
at the bottom, from which the children and 
teacher could fill their pocket-sized, collapsible 
drinking cups. 

Lunches were brought from home in small tin 
buckets, or pails, boxes, or baskets hand -woven 
from oak splits (collector's items today). If several 
children from the same home attended, their 
container might be a full sized bucket, or an egg 
basket, with portions of food for each child. 
There was country ham in biscuits, boiled eggs, 
fried chicken, rabbit, or squirrel, baked sweet po- 
tatoes, pinto and white beans, cornbread, molas- 
ses cake, pumpkin pie, sweet potato custard, fruit 
in season, etc. The children usually ate at their 
desks, sometimes swapping food. 

Desks, which seated two, were "bought", and 
graduated in size to accommodate children from 
the first to the seventh grades. They were ar- 
ranged with the smallest in front, and the largest 
at the back of the room. The teacher sat in a 
plain, straight chair, at a small table. A large 
blackboard was on the wall behind the teacher. 



There were no clothes closets. Coats, jackets, 
sweaters, hats and caps were hung on nails driven 
in the wall. 

There were no toilet facilities, therefore the 
boys headed East, and the girls headed West, 
after asking to be excused, just as the most 
primitive people on earth have to do. 

Eacy day, after lunch, the teacher would ap- 
point two of the larger students to clean the floor. 
Windows were raised, the floor was sprinkled 
with water to keep the dust down, and the chil- 
dren swept the floor clean, using the two "store- 
bought" brooms furnished the school. 

Those not sweeping and cleaning went out in 
the yard to play. Games consisted of baseball 
(with home-made bat and ball), jump the rope 
(an old plow line), tap hands, marbles, etc. One 
game, which may or may not have been played in 
other localities, was called "Fox". The boys would 
choose one who was swift on foot to be the "fox". 
Then they would choose the "hunter", and the re- 
mainder of the boys were "foxhounds". Several 
minutes were allowed for the "fox" to get deep in- 
to the woods, then the "hunter" would give the 
hunting cry, and the chase was on! All the 
"hounds" in the pack would make excited barking 
sounds as they trailed the "fox" through the 
woods. If the "hounds" got off the trail too far the 
"fox" obligingly would make sounds to lead them 
in his general direction. Often the chase covered 
three or four miles, and once in a while would last 
into the afternoon session of school. The hunt 
would end by the "fox" climbing a tree, and the 
"hounds" baying him, demonstrating great origi- 
nality in quality of tone in their baying. The 
"hunter" then came up, carrying his "gun" (a 
stick), and he would "shoot" the "fox" from the 
tree. By this time it was time to go back to school, 
or past time. 

Before the end of the day the teacher would ap- 
point one older student to come to school early 
next morning to clean the ashes from the stove, 
and get a fire going. A nice hot stove would be 
awaiting those who had long, cold walks through 
the rain, sleet, and snow. Most of the children at- 
tended, in spite of the condition of the weather, 
distance to be traveled, or age of the child. 

The school term was six months long. October, 



November, December, January, February, and 
March were the school months, and teachers 
spoke of how many "winters" they had taught, 
and students spoke of how many "winters" they 
attended school, since all these months were 
mostly either chilly or really cold. 

The first day at school was spent clearing the 
school yard, which grew full of weeds, broom- 
sedge, briars, and sprouts, during the six spring 
and summer months it was not in use. After 
"sprouting" the grounds, "brush" brooms were 
made, and the yard was swept clean. Leaves and 
"trash" were burned, making the yard suitable for 
play at recess. 

Reading, writing, and arithmetic were taught, 
along with geography, English, and history. 
Seven grades (with a total of perhaps forty pupils) 
were taught in one room by one teacher. Some- 
times spelling matches between Davis Mountain 
and Back Creek School were held on Friday after- 
noons. Pupils marched miles through woods and 
paths from one school to the other. Those too 
young to walk so far were sent home at noon on 
such days. 

Sometimes school "commencement" programs 
were given at the end of the term — sometimes 
not. On such occasions there were speeches, reci- 
tations, spellings, singing, etc. for the benefit of 
those parents attending. 

"Correction", or punishment might be verbal, 
or a sentence to stand in the corner, or even a 
"switching", but overall the children were well- 
behaved, and respectful, partly due to the fact 
that the teacher usually had the cooperation of 
the parents. Sometimes parents, after forewarn- 
ing their children, would punish them at home, 
in addition to punishment the teacher gave. 

Davis Mountain School building still stands (as 
of 1981), but it was remodeled, added -to, and 
transformed into a home long ago by Murphy 
Luck, who still resides there. 

As far as I know, none of Davis Mountain 
School's pupils grew up to become truly 
"famous", but they have taken their places in life 
as hard-working, honest, and honorable people, 
a credit to their communities. 

Sidney Walker, March 1981 



9 

Redberry School 



±1; 



appy memories still linger in the 
minds of those who went there as 
.pupils and teachers," one of the 
Redberry School alumni writes today. "Two an- 
nual fun events characterized Redberry School: 
the shutting out of the teacher one morning just 
before Christmas until she promised to treat the 
pupils, and the exhibition near the close of 
school. At that time entertainment — speeches, 
dialogues, skits, songs by the students, and games 
furnished by Mr. Jack Mitchell were enjoyed by 
the patrons, who were mostly Ridges, McDowells, 
Woods, Pierces, Trotters, and Parrishes." 

Jack Mitchell from New Jersey then owned and 
operated a hunting lodge located on one of the 
Uwharrie Hills west of Jackson's Creek. 

The school was built on the road at the foot of 



Dutchman's Mountain, and ran until it was con- 
solidated with the Farmer School sometime in the 
1930's. It was a one- roomed structure with an 
open fireplace for heating, and operated four 
months, at first, as a subscription school. Water 
was brought from a nearby spring and a common 
dipper served as the "fountain" for all. 

In the 1920's Mitchell, who took a great inter- 
est in the community surrounding his lodge, built 
a second room and another teacher was employed 
for the remainder of the school's tenure. 

Some of the teachers at Redberry: John Horney 
(1880's), Ben Lanier, Mattie Ingram, Lindley 
Parker, Ernest Ridge, Emma Ridge, Roby Garner, 
Nell Spencer, Mamie Lackey, Sam Varner, Ida 
McCracken, Stella Lowe, Millie Tedder, Blanche 
Hughes, Lola Briles, and Susanna Baldwin. 




The Redberry School 

83 



IO 

One Room Schools 



Salem School 



The Salem School, of the Salem Church Com- 
munity, was distinguished by its log walls 
and its large fire-place, which was high enough 
for pupils to stand up in it. Once when the build- 
ing caught on fire, Walter Cranford became the 
hero for the day by carrying Walter Johnson from 
the building, which was saved from the flames. 

It is remembered that snow- time was fun- time 
for the children because they could then ride 
around the school house in their sleds. The com- 
munity also used the building for social gather- 



ings, spelling matches sometimes being held 
there at night. Ila Cranford, wife of Carson Cran- 
ford, is remembered as being a constant winner of 
the matches. 

Teachers who taught at Salem: Callie Vuncan- 
non, Lena Steed, Jennie Lassiter (daughter of 
Thomas Lassiter) Sam Varner (brother of Milton), 
Erastus Wood, Jim Way, and Bynum Way. Mary 
Clinard (Julius Horney's first wife) taught there in 
the 1880's. Conrad Homey, Mary's son, taught 
his first session there. 



Ed 


U 


41 1 %■■ 


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SALEM SCHOOL- 1916 
FRONT ROW left to right: Grace Kearns, Blanche Lackey, Madge Johnson, Vernon Johnson, Allene Kearns, Harris Steed, 
Howard Kearns, Tom Steed. MIDDLE ROW: Neuse Owens, Bessie Lackey, Lyda Mae Crowell, Fleta Kearns, Mada Morris, Ina 
Kearns, Myrle Steed, Annie Morris, Doris Steed. BACK ROW: Val Kearns, Burt Jackson, Glenn Kearns, Finch Kearns, Curtis 
Lackey, Jake Owens, Miss Callie Vuncannon (Teacher). 



«4 



Fairmont School 



The Fairmont School, located near the Hill's 
Store Post Office, was sometimes called the 
"Goose Hollow School." The building, a one- 
room structure, was heated by a large wood stove 
that stood in the center. It had benches for the 
children to sit on and warm themselves when they 
got cold in their desks. Drinking water came from 
the well of Mrs. Sate Lewis, who also ran the post 
office. A common dipper was used for drinking. 
Janitorial services were rendered by two girls each 
afternoon after school, the girls taking turns from 
week to week. The boys got the wood and kept 
the fire going. They also brought the water. 
Some teachers who taught there: Jennie Lassi- 



ter, Lee Kearns, Carl Lassiter, Kate Nance, Esther 
Hussey, and Moses Adams. 

The Fairmont School roll was distinguished by 
its small number of different family names. The 
Coopers — Edwin, Jennie, Nellie, Vida; Byerly — 
Lennis; Kearns — Glenn, Virginia, Callie, Clegg, 
Irene, David; Elliott — Pauline, Cleron; Lassi- 
ter — Clifford, George, Daisy, Maisy, Ruby; 
Lewis — Norman, Margaret, Imogene, J.B. 
Dorsey, Sam, Will, Robert; Parrish — John, Van, 
Katie, Creig, Edith, Fritz, Walter; Allred — Ada; 
Varner — Abb, Pete, Bertha, Hazel; Taclock — 
Fern; Rush — Lewis, Stacey; Yergan — Blanche, 
Mattie, Bob, Ethel; Barnes — Nell. 




FAIRMONT SCHOOL — Concord Township, Randolph County (near Hill's Store). Picture by Northern Trogdon (date 
unknown). FIRST ROW left to right: Teacher: Mose Adams, Walta Parrish, Craig Parrish, Imogene Lewis, J.B. Lewis and Vida 
Cooper. SECOND ROW: Ruby Lassiter (Mrs. Culver), Margaret Lewis, Lena Trogdon (came with photographer, not a stu- 
dent), Nellie Cooper, Maisy Lassiter, Nell Barnes, Bill Lewis. 



Schools Absorbed by the Farmer School 



SPERO — Located on the road from the Uwharrie 
River to the Bob Davis Store. Near the Will Cash- 
att road. Reid Kearns, who moved to High Point, 
remembered going to school there in the late 
1890's. He said Hattie Cox and Sherrill Lassiter 
taught the 15 to 20 pupils there. 

TABERNACLE — Located between Tabernacle 
Church and Highway 64. 

LOCUST GROVE -Located on the Back Creek 
Church Road. Linnie Dorsett taught there in 
1912 and later at Farmer; Esta Horney, in 
1912-13. 

NORTH BEND - Near the cemetery on the Mar- 
vin Bisher place. Julius Horney, born in 1850, at- 
tended school there, as did Barnum Bingham's 
children, about 1875. Addie Rice was one of the 
teachers. 

RED HOUSE -A school for black children. 



GOOSE HOLLOW -Near the Shamburger 
place. Maggie Horney taught there 1904-05. She 
boarded at the home of Micajah Lassiter. 

HOPEWELL -First held in the church and 
moved into its own building about 1907. Some of 
the teachers were as follows: Stella Lowe, Ada 
Vuncannon, Russell Ashworth, Emma Dorsett, 
Trilby Miller, Fleta Cox, Sevanna Lowdermilk, 
Frank Beane, Ernest Ridge, Imogene Lewis, Ada 
Shaw, Lucy Davis, Nell Hussey, Mr. Burgess, Tal- 
madge Bulla, Bertha Russell Stewart, Bascom L. 
Richardson, Bryan Cox, Clata Smith Burton, 
Nova Comer, Garrett Dawson, Pauline Elliott 
Haggerty, Pearl Hussey, and Pearl Boling. 

Other one - teacher schools absorbed were BACK 
CREEK, CANAAN, DAVIS MOUNTAIN, 
GRAVEL HILL, HOPEWELL, NEW HOPE 
ACADEMY, OAK GROVE, SALEM, PINEY 
GROVE, SCIENCE HULL and REDBERRY. 




Red House School 

86 



II 

Textbooks 

FOR THE CHILDREN OF THE EARLY FARMER SCHOOLS 



A text book owned and used by Madison 
Hammond was a Fourth Reader, by 
Holmes, and called the University Series. 
It was published and entered according to Act of 
Congress in the year 1870 in the Clerk's Office of 
the District Court of the U.S. for the District of 
Virginia. 

Its table of contents lists chapters on the "Oral 
Element," which contains subdivisions of "Tonics" 
(the vowel sounds), "Vowel Equivalents," and 
"Consonant Sounds." The reading assignments 
offer such exciting pieces as "Anecdote of a Crane," 



"The Sagacious Squirrel," "The Fox and the 
Stork," "Somebody's Darling," "The Boy at the 
Dike," etc. 

Another reader, Holmes' Fifth, was used by 
Vetura Johnson, of Salem Church, N.C. Pub- 
lished in New York in 1884, it contains a number 
of selections used later in texts for high school 
students: "The First Snowfall," by Lowell; 
"Wreck of the Hesperus," by Longfellow; "The 
Battle of Blenheim," by Southey; and others. 

A math book (owner unknown) in use in the 
years before 1900 — Emerson's Arithmetic — asks 



20 



leaves 

aunt 

their 

claws 

l>onrd 

field 

mean 

learn 

masts 

fence 

green 

great 

breeze 

man'y 

sea'son 

school 

should 



A GliADED SPELLING BOOK. 



LESSON 27. 



ojjjtxL 
ihliro 
clcuuK) 

hxyxxnxL 

Truzxa/n, 
■IsboJxnx- 

TTUXbXb 

■hmob 
oAjuxL 

Trxa/n,'i> 
Juux'hxnx 

A^urulcL 



howls 

ap'ples 

e nough' 

through 

dread'ful 

ven'ture 

skip'ping 

e'ven ing 

George 

sum'mer 

break'fast 

pleas'ant 

roll'ing 

glos'sy 

au'tumn 

rab'bit 

scratch 



OJp'cJjLb 

JMujpnArruo. 
jLiwru mrta 

AAUTTlHTUJI, 

plsjxb'(xmi 
AxAL'vncy 

OLO0'iM> 

cu^'tAA/rruTt 

Jwlr'bil 

AcAxxLcA 



A GRADED SPELLING BOOK. 



21 



[By this time the pupils will have associated the script forma of the words 
with the printed forms so familiarly that the script forms can be dispensed 
with. But the principle is still to be observed that the sentences of the lessons 
are to be written before the words are studied and spelled] 



LESSON 28. 

'The cunning old cat lay down on a mat 

By the fire in the oaken hall ; 
' If the little mice peep, they'll think I'm asleep ; ' 
So she rolled herself up like a ball. 

'Nibble, nibble, nibble ! went the little mice, 

And they licked their little paws; 
Then the cunning old cat sprang up from the mat, 
And caught them all with her claws." 



mice 
cun'ning 
oak'en 
I'm 



ball 
they'll 
a sleep' 
paws 



rolled 
herself 
nib'ble 
sprang 



went 
licked 
think 
caught 



LESSON 29. 

Fred found a bird's nest with four eggs in it. The birds 
flew around his head, making shrill cries, as if trying to 
tell hiin not to touch the nest. Fred knew what they 
meant, and said, " Good-by, little birds ; I would not harm 
you for the world ! " 



found 
knew 
world 
bird's 



eggs 

mak'ing 

shrill 



try'ing 
Fred 
touch 
meant 



said 

good-by' 
harm 
flew 



Harrington's Spelling Book ®1880. 

»7 



questions like the following: 

1. How many times 5/6 of a gill is 3 bushels? 

2. Suppose a wheel to be 11 5/14 feet in cir- 
cumference; how many times will it roll around in 
going 39 3/7 rods? 

3. A farmer owning 132 5/6 acres of land sold 
56A 3R 12r. How much land had he remaining? 

(In this book many of the answers had been 
penciled in at the end of the problem). 

An excellent (apparently) text, published in 
Richmond and copyrighted by W.C. Allen — a 
widely known Superintendent of Schools in the 
early 1900's — in 1901, was used in the Farmer 
and other local schools. It contains many events in 
the history of North Carolina written in story 
form. This book was used by the Hammond 
children. 



NORTH CAROLINA 



HISTORY STORIES 



W. C. ALLEN, 

Superintendent Waynesville, N. C.,Cily Schools 




RICHMOND 
B. F. Johnson Publishing Company 

IQOI 



North Carolina History Stories -'1901. 




"He said goodbye to Mr. and Mrs. Dare, took littlt Virginia up I 
his arms and kissed her several limps " Page 30. Book 1. 



North Carolina History Stories 



TWO INDIAN BOYS 

Three hundred years ago there were no white people 
in North Carolina. Only Indians lived here. They 
owned all the land, and lived in their wigwams near 
their hunting grounds. They were very happy in their 
homes in the forest. They knew nothing of the great 
cities and fine people on the other side of the big ocean. 

Ljttle Indian boys and girls played games in the 
fields and woods, and plucked the wild flowers with joy 
and gladness, just as boys and girls do now. They 
heard the birds sing and saw the squirrels and the deer 
no\V happy they were as they chased the butterflies or 
watched the birds build their nests in the trees! 

The names of two of these Indian boys, who lived on 

an island called Croatan, are well known. They were 

Manteo and Manchese. They were about the same age, 

and were brighter and more active than the other boys 

ero tan' man'te o man che'ze 

(3) 



North Carolina History Stories ®1901. 



HOLMES' 
FOURTH READER 



NEW EDITION 




HKORliK F. HOLMES, I.L.D. 
V III N" K A III I. I., A.M. 



NEW VOHK 

UNIVERSITY I'UBMRIIINO COMPANY 



Holmes' Fourth Reader 1902. 



v x 1 1 • e /' 5 / 7 )' .v /; /■ / r. s . 

HOLMES' 

Fifth Reader; 

CONTAINING 

Fresh Selections in Prose and Versf. from Standard 
Writers, with IJiooraphical Nous, and an Intro- 
ductory Treatise on iiii: Principles hi 
Enunciatk in and Eldcltk in. 



GEORG ]■: V. Hoi. M K S , I. L.I)., 




-T~ 



NEW YORK. 

UNIVERSITY l'UHI.ISIIING COMPANY. 

1834. 



READING LESSONS. 



Z&&**^ 




? ||0lXy- 



PI\IG-y- 



/l. One Christmas, in that part of the country 
where Colin and Ins sister Dora lived, there was 
a great scarcity of liollv. The children wished very much 
to get some to put up among the evergreens which their 
father had arranged over the big fire-place in their parlor. 
But not a sprig of hollv could they find. 

" I tell you, Dora." said Colin, '" we are too late." 
" Yes, indeed," said little Dora. 

2. All at once, as they were wandering about the 
woods, Colin saw waving gently a tine sprig of holly, 
bright with scarlet berries. It seemed as it it must be 
the only sprig left on some little bush. 

3. Without saying a word, Colin dashed forward, fol- 
lowed closely by little Dora; but when they reached the 
holly, they found that it was not on a bush at all, but was 
held by a little dwarf, who had been waving it over his 
head to attract their attention. 



Holmes' Fourth Reader 1902. 



UOLMES' FIFTn READER. 



21*J 



ESCAPE FROM A PANTHER.— Cooper. 



klKlV 



ies Fenimoke COOFEU, tin' di 
■tst-y, in ITHtf. At Ilu- ujjo of n: 
veil six years in [he navy, in w 
idyu which rendered lita mi-Lolu 



Hingnbhcd novelist, wiut horn at lliirlingloii, 

licli service lie nbtalncd thai accurate iiuiitii-ul 
■ the most graphic, spirited, and truthful works 



of thi' character in our Un-ring ■ Hi- first novel. " I'rccuiitiiiii/ 

nncnii m In isji. In- puhlislu-d "Tile Spy," which at once uuiii 
lariiy. and save him n world-wide fame. Other works follow. 
popular of which are the so -tailed Lcatlicr-Mtfleklfi". Tale*, in « I 
or I.eailiiT-siockii^, -i:.i».l>,i- the. Mknowletlned repre.* 
woodsman. The nth joined extract is from "The Pit 
Nn-qiiehanna,*' one of the earliest of his publication*. 



luifd I 



inic 



ed i 



■ I" 1 ! 111 



Ily. the most 
illy Ihnnpj.o, 
iii-rican liiu-k- 
, the Sunn -is i.f the 
icrdied in ltfil.j 



of i 



1. Elizabeth Temple and Louisa had gained the summit 
of the mountain, where they left the highway, and pursued 
their course under the shade of the stately trees that crowned 
the eminence. The day was becoming warm ; and the girls 
plunged more deeply into the forest, as they found its invig- 
orating coolness agreeably contrasted to the excessive heat 
they had experienced in their ascent. The conversation, as 
if by mutual consent, was entirely confined to the little inci- 
dents and scenes of their walk; and every tall pine, and 
every shrub or flower, called forth some simple expression of 
admiration. 

2. In this manner they proceeded along the margin of the 
precipice, catching occasional glimpses of the placid Ot- 
sego,* or pausing to listen to the rattling of wheels and the 
sound of hammers, that rose from the valley, to mingle the 
signs of men with the scenes of nature, when Elizabeth 
suddenly started, and exclaimed — ''Listen! there arc the 
cries of a child on this mountain ! Is there a clearing near 
us ? or can some little one have strayed from its parents ?" 



» A beautiful lake in [be central part of the Slate of New York. 



Holmes' Fifth Reader s '1884. 



Holmes' Fifth Reader s 1884. 



89 



IV 



Families, Anniversaries, 
and Individuals 



Farmer: Yesterday and Today 




Farmer Famtltfs 






Adams 


Dunbar 


Johnson 


Morris 


Allred 


Elliott 


Kearns 


Nance 


Bescher 


Fuller 


Lassiter 


Pierce 


Bingham 


Garner 


Lewis 


Rjchey 


Brown 


Hammond 


Loflin 


Ridge 


BURKHEAD 


Harris 


Lowe 


Rush 


Cashatt 


Henson 


Luther 


Snider 


COPPLE 


Horney 


Lyndon 


Spencer 


CORNELISON 


Howard 


Macon 


Thornburg 


Cranford 


Hughes 


McMasters 


Wham 


Davis 


Ingram 


Morgan 


Winslow 


DORSETT 






Wood 


Antversaries 








Mr. and Mrs. 


Carson Cranford Mr. and Mrs. Madison Hamond 


Mr. and Mrs. 


Grady Cranford Mr. and Mrs. Reid Kearns 


Mr. and Mrs. 


R.L. Davis 


Mr. and Mrs. Henry Nance 



Mr. and Mrs. W.P. Thornburg 

Individuals 

Bingham Buggy Making Near Farmer 

Nixon Cranford — Publisher 

Mrs. Ossie Cranford 

J. Hyatt Hammond 

Sherman Hoover 

Dr. Hubbard — Guardian Angel of Farmer's Welfare 

My Story: Dr. Charles C. Hubbard 

Mrs. Frances Walker Porter Hubbard 

The Hubbard's Library 

Hope Hubbard — The Dorcas of Farmer 

The Skeleton in Hope's Closet 

Nancy Jean Kearnes 

Jack (Lowe) and His Mules 

Grady Miller — Musician 

Grady Miller Could Make Music Come to Life 

Michael Morgan 

Percy Morgan — The Farmer Missionary 

Russell Funeral Home 

Agriculture Teachers 

Merchants 

Professional Men 9I 



Farmer: Yesterday and Today 



Farmer — a name that suggests peaceful 
grain fields, farmhouse-barn-granary- 
toolshed complexes set amid groves of giant 
oaks, modestly beautiful churches standing like 
serene sentinels keeping an eye on the on -going 
activities, and winding roads that lead alluringly 
away soon to be lost among the heavily forested 
hills. Farmer — the sum total of the character of 
the people who have lived and died there, and of 
those who continue to make it their home. 

Therefore it is appropriate that the people — 
the families and individuals whose dreams and 
accomplishments are the essence of the com- 
munity—be given the most prominent place in 
this brief account of Farmer today and yesterday. 
The following genealogical excerpts — incomplete 
though they are — have been included to credit 
and honor those who have dug up the stumps, 
built the roads, established the homes, founded 
the churches and schools, and set the pattern of 
life that is the heart of Farmer today. 

Among those early Farmer families whose his- 
tories have been kept, at least to some extent, are 
as follows: Kearns (Keerans), Dunbar, Cranford, 
Johnson, Lyndon, Lassiter, Horney, Morgan, 
Bingham, Lowe, McMasters, Hammond, Ridge, 
Nance, Dorsett, Macon, Fuller, Elliott, Morris, 




Farmer Station Store, Johnny Owens, operator. 

Lewis, Cashatt, Loflin, Cornelison, Rush, 
Howard, Winslow, Burkhead, Spencer, Adams, 
Pierce, Bescher, Snider. 




Carl Kearns and John Kearns in wheat field. 

93 



Farmer Families 



Adams 



Mose Adams married Bessie Parks, the 
daughter of Orlando and Premmie Cornelison 
Parks, and they had three children: Ersal, who 
married Wallace Garner; Dr. Harvey Adams, to 
Elizabeth Forbus; and Patrick, who married Judy 
Yates. 



Allred 



"Dock" Allred and his wife Caroline Brown 
Allred lived on a farm near the Herman Johnson 
family east of the Uwharrie. Their children were 
Pearl; Sam; Ora, who married Ollie Shaw; Kate, 
married Robert Gearren; Ada, who married 
Dewey Parks; Clarence, married to Rassie Gibson; 
and Zeb, who never married. 

"Dock" operated a grist mill, a cotton gin, and 
made molasses. Keeping cows and using a separa- 
tor, he sold the processed milk to one of the com- 
mercial milk companies. He was one of the first 
men in the community to own a registered cow. 
Dock was especially known for digging graves in 
the community cemeteries before the funeral 
homes took over the job. 

The Allred's daughter Kate has been recognized 
in North Carolina Yearly Meeting, and in wider 
circles, for making thousands of garments for 
needy children, as well as producing many quilts 
for the American Friends Service Committee. 




Kate Gearren, standing behind the 43 -year- old sewing 
machine with which she sews garments for the American 
Friends Service Committee, is holding a small coat which 
will soon be shipped overseas. 



Bescher 



The Charles Bescher family lives near the old 
Bescher place about three miles west of Farmer, 
where his grandparents, John and Nancy Nance 
Bescher lived before him. Charles, who married 
Pauline Wright, has three children: Wayne, who 
married Vonzell Kinley; Sue, who married Steve 
Grubb; and Janie, who married J.T. Cole. 
Charles is the son of Marvin and Lula Ridge 
Bescher. 

Marvin Bescher, who lived at the old home- 
place at the intersection of the Farmer- Denton 
Road and the Jackson's Creek Road, was the son 
of John Bescher and the father of Charles. Marvin 
had, in addition to Charles, two other children: 
J.W., who married Margie Hudson; and Myrtle 
Mae, who married Elsie Bailey. 

John Bescher had three children besides Mar- 
vin. Minnie was married to Alfred Miller and had 
five children: Charles, who married Mada Morris; 
Fred; John; Ruth; and Dallas. Delia married an 
Andrews. Clay married Bessie Gallimore and 
had five children: Olin married Ruth Parson; 
Beulah, who married Connie Henson; Mamie, 
who married Guy Hunt; Lillian, who married 
Charles Shanas; and Kathleen, who married 
Robert Vuncannon. 

(Sidelight: Marvin Bescher was an outstanding 
farmer of his day. To commemorate his love for 
and pride in his farm, a tractor was carved on his 
tombstone). 



Bingham 



The family of Thomas W. Bingham, who lived 
in Farmer or nearby after his marriage to Eflie 
Johnson until his untimely death in an automo- 
bile accident in 1958, traces its heritage back to 
Keysville, Virginia, where the great -great grand- 
father Thomas Bingham lived in 1765, according 
to records that verify the birth of a son Christo- 
pher, known generally as "Kit," to Thomas Bing- 
ham in that year and place. Kit Bingham, then, 
was the great -great -great uncle of the Bingham 



94 



generation made up of L.G. Barnum Bingham's 

great grandchildren, to which belongs James 
Bingham, Jr. D.D.S, who has done considerable 
research on the Bingham family. 

Although he apparently kept a residence in 
Virginia until sometime after 1765, since his son 
was born there, Thomas Bingham acquired a 
Granville grant for 200 acres of land on the Pee 
Dee River in 1756. But his land -seeking took him 
into South Carolina, also. He received Craven 
grants in Marlboro county in 1765, 1770, and 
1771 for a total of 750 acres. 

It is probable that in his travels from Virginia to 
South Carolina he passed through the Uwharrie 
region and was attracted by its beauty and prom- 
ise. Anyway, the 1790 census showed that he and 
his family were living in Randolph County: two 
males over sixteen, four males under sixteen, two 
females and two slaves. The records further show 
that Thomas Bingham purchased land from 
Aaron Hill, in 1792; fromH.E. McCulloch, 1794; 
from the University of N.C., in 1796; received a 
state grant, in 1800. In 1781 and 1799 he sold his 
lands and property in Pittsylvania and Halifax 
counties, Va. 

It appears from early deeds that Thomas Bing- 
ham once owned land adjoining the Uwharrie 
River between the home of Betty McGee, of 
Guilford Courthouse Battle fame, and Silver Run 
Creek. The farm of Worth Garner, whose grand- 
mother was Caroline Bingham, a daughter of 
Michael Bingham, is a part of the original 
Bingham holdings. 

The Thomas Bingham will, dated Jan. 20, 
1816, names his wife Elenor, sons Michael, Elija, 
Christopher, and William; daughters Sarah 
(Callicotte), and Milly (Detheridge) . He willed all 
of his land to Michael, giving his widow lifetime 
rights, with all household property, stock, etc., to 
be divided between Michael and Elija. Michael 
received two slaves, Elija one, and a grandson 
Thomas one. The rest received from 20 shillings 
to $50 each. 

Michael Bingham (died 1854) had five sons: 
William, Nathaniel, Thomas, Greeneberry, and 
Warren; daughters Caroline, Rebecca, Lovina 
(and possibly one named Synthia). 

Warren Bingham (1811-1850), through whom 
the Binghams in question are traced, died after a 
"continuing fever, and sick 10 days," and left his 
widow Rebecca Laughlin Bingham, age 40, with 
the following children: L.G. Barnum Bingham, 
14; Julian, 5 and blind; Eliza Nelson, 19. The 
widow Rebecca, after seven years, married 




Emily Ward Bingham. 

Newton Carter and deeded the farm of 108 acres 
on Jackson Creek to the son L.G.B. (Lorenzo 
Greeneberry Barnum), 21, and to Julian, 12. 



95 



L.G. Barnum Bingham married Emily Ward, 
daughter of Lewis and Elizabeth Ward. To 
L.G.B. Bingham were born John Webster, Mar- 
titia (Ridge), Flora (Morgan), Warren Lewis 
Greeneberry, Idenie (Talley), Nannie (Welborn), 
Thomas W., Mittie (Mitchell), and Claytie 
(Loflin). 

Barnum Bingham made his living by farming 
and making buggies. With the help of his blind 
brother Julian, some hired labor, a professional 
painter, and his own family— John Webster 
became the woodworker, Greene the blacksmith, 
and Tom the farmer — turned out well-made 
vehicles that soon became widely known through- 
out Davidson, Randolph, and Montgomery coun- 
ties. He did a thriving business from about 1870 
to 1898, building and selling 1 120 units: buggies, 
carts, buckboards, phaetons, and surreys. They 
sold from about $45 up to a $150. 

A favorite market place in those days was the 
county seat during court week. Bingham made 
regular trips to Lexington, Asheboro, and Troy 
with his shiny buggies pulled in tandem to the 
courthouse grounds where he came in contact 



with a cross-section of the populace — farmers, 
business men, and professional people. 

Since most of the work done on the Bingham 
buggies was done by hand, the increased 
mechanization that was becoming available in the 
cities, plus the advent of the automobile, forced 
the Bingham enterprise, isolated as it was in that 
part of the county, to close. The children married 
and scattered. 

John Webster bought a farm near the Uwharrie 
River east of Farmer and made his home there. 
Martitia married Lum Ridge and lived in the com- 
munity of Canaan. Flora married Moses Morgan 
and, after living for a while in the Jackson Creek 
area, moved to Farmer in 1912. W.L. Greene- 
berry Bingham took his blacksmith trade with 
him to Denton. Idenie married Wiley Talley and 
reared a large family in Randleman. Nannie mar- 
ried Arthur Welborn and made her home near 
Trinity. Thomas W. married Effie Johnson and 
settled near Farmer, where he carried on a 
business of sawmilling and lumbering. Mittie 
married Wesley Mitchell and made her home in 
Denton. Claytie married Gowan Loflin, a real 




Lonnie Fuller built this house in 1896. It has been the home of Charlie Plummet, T.W. Bingham, and at present, Roy Smith. 

96 




Front Row, left to right: Effie Johnson Bingham, Thomas 
and Lyde. Back Row, left to right: Donald Bingham, Fred, 
Wayne and Hal. 

estate dealer, who also resided in Denton. 

Tom Bingham's sons — Fred, Hal, Wayne, and 
Donald — have all had interests in the lumber 
business. His daughter Lyde became a teacher. 
She married Euclid Auman. David and Amanda 
Sue were the children. 

The John Webster Bingham family lived on the 
Uwharrie east of Farmer and on the road that 
crossed the river to the present Uwharrie Country 
Club site. The Binghams, for many years, main- 
tained a bateau for the public's convenience in 
crossing there. 

Bingham, the son of L.G. Barnum Bingham, 
married Cora Ridge and had seven children: 
Wade, who married Nellie Thompson; Mary, 
married to Randall Tedder; Benson, to Emma 
Grubb; Ida, to Adrian Burkhead; Frank ("Bunk- 
ster") to Emma Newsome; Lydia, to Ernest Hard- 
wick; Blanche, to Ray Byrd. 

Wade had a son Barnum; Benson, a son Hub- 
bard and a daughter Jacklyn; Ida, a son Eugene; 
Bunkster, sons Robert and Raymond and a 
daughter Betty Sue; Lydia, sons James and John 
and a daughter Ilene; Blanche, a son James and 
two daughters Betty and Anne. 

#*# 

Lee Bingham married Sarah Vuncannon and 
had nine children: Mada, who married Addison 
Barnes; Laura, married to Edgar Macon; John 
(never married); Garfield, to Janie Hammond; 
Barnabas (never married); Albrian (never mar- 
ried); Russell, to Mary EfFeid; Elizabeth to Elmer 
Byrd; Micajah, to Virginia Kearns. 

Mada had a daughter Nellie; Laura had five 




The Webb Bingham Family. Seated: Cora (the mother). 
Left to right: Blanche, Frank, Lydia, Benson, Ida, Wade 
and Mary. (1936) 




Garfield and Janie Bingham. 

children, Fred, Faye, Florence, Raeford, and 
James Henry; Garfield had four, Homer, Glenn, 
William, and Carl; Russell had Ralph and Don- 
nie; Elizabeth had H.L., Sarah, Grayson, Helen, 
and Harmon; Micajah had Irmalee, Betsy, and 
Lloyd. 



97 



Brown 



Burkhead 



The family of Eli Brown, son of Daniel Brown, 
and his wife Alice Vuncannon Brown, daughter 
of Alfred and Bethay Lassiter Vuncannon, con- 
sisted of two sons and a daughter: Ray; Fred, mar- 
ried to Nellie Hill; and Grace, married to Dr. 
Robert Johnson, the son of Jeremiah Johnson. 




Eli Brown Family. Front Row, left to right: Ray, Eli, Grace. 
Back Row, left to right: Fred, Alice Vuncannon Brown. 




Ivy Burkhead children and wives. Front Row, left to right: 
Vivian, Adrian, Isa, Wade, Claude. Back Row, left to right: 
Nannie Kearns, wife of Wade; Edna Ewing, wife of Claude; 
Mildred Frye, wife of Frank; Ida Bingham, wife of Adrian; 
Willie Baldwin, wife of Vivian. (1941) 



Ivy Burkhead married Mattie Wade and lived 
near Second Creek west of the Uwharrie River. He 
had seven children: Wade, Vivian, Isa, Claude, 
Frank, Adrian, and Elmer. 

Wade married Nancy Kearns and they had 
seven children: Norine, who married Tom Ham- 
mond; Tom, who married Nora Maxwell; Rosa, 
married to Glenn Bruton; Frances, to Frank Long; 
Hampton, to Frances McCaskell; Mary Lee, to 
Eugene Parsons; Nancy Wade, to Vinson Bruton. 
Vivian married Willie Baldwin. Isa married Gen- 
try Lassiter and they had three children: Isa, 
Frances, and Ralph. Claude married a Ewing and 
had one child, Claude, Jr. Adrian married Ida 
Bingham and they had a son Eugene. Frank and 
Elmer were also married. 

Two of Ivy Burkhead's sisters also lived in the 
community: Mollie and Lanta, the latter being a 
teacher. 



CASHATT 



The William Thomas Cashatt family lived in 
the Farmer Community, south of the village. 
William Thomas married Esther Copple and they 
were blessed with ten children: Elsie, married to 
Raymond Sexton; Lena, married to Val Kearns; 
Howard, married to Idella Shellcup; Ralph, mar- 
ried to Iris Loflin; Hazel, married to J. P. Bost; 
Clifford, married to Leola Winslow; Dorothy, 
married to DeWitt Kemp; Eva, married to Paul 
Vuncannon; Jewel, married to J.C. Ridge; and 
Roy Gene, married to Jane Fairchild. 




Will Cashatt Family. Front Row, left to right: Roy Gene, 
Jewell, Will T., Esther, Elsie, Eva. Back Row, left to right: 
Ralph, Lena, Clifford, Hazel, Howard, Dorothy. 



9 8 



COPPLE 

The Copple family lived at the old Steed place 
on the Denton Road west of Farmer. Rob Copple, 
son of Solomon and Frances Pope Copple, mar- 
ried Bertha Thompson, daughter of Leach and 
Sarah Cranford Thompson. Their children were 
Hazel, Dorothy, Robert, Charles and Joe Don. 




The Robert Copple Family. Front Row, left to right: 
Dorothy Shoe, Robert P. (Rob), Bertha, Hazel Davis. Back 
Row: Robert, Joe Don, Charles. 




Clyde Cornelison. 



CORNELISON 



Ananias Cornelison married Lillie Henderson. 

Two children were born to them: Vida, who mar- 
ried James Rush and had two daughters, Delia 
and Doris; Clyde, who married Irene Raby and 
had three children: Steve, Phillip, and Rebecca. 




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Ananias and Lillie Cornelison. 



Jim and Vida Rush. 



99 



Cranford 



Three Cranford brothers, according to handed - 
down stories in the Cranford family, came to 
North Carolina during colonial days, and settled 
in Montgomery and Randolph (what is now Ran- 
dolph) counties. According to the 1790 census, 
William and Samuel Cranford, Sr., owned land 
in Randolph. Elias Cranford's name also appears 
in the 1790 census, and he is buried in a cemetery 
in the woods in New Hope Township, his birth 
date given as 1767, death date, 1843. 

The present older generation of Cranfords is 
not sure of its great -great -great grandfather, but 
its members believe him to be either Elias or 
Samuel, Sr. 

Anyway, Sawney Cranford, the great -great 
grandfather, and his wife, whose name has been 
lost, had a son Thomas (born Feb. 14, 1825, and 
died July 22, 1901), the great grandfather. Other 
sons born to that wife were Henry, Temple, and 
Seth. After she died, he married Ruth Ledwell. 
Sawney died Jan. 19, 1848. 

The son Thomas, who married a Cranford 
(Eliza Ann- 1822-1902) on Feb. 1, 1848, had a 
son Milton (born Mar. 22, 1853, and died Dec. 
22, 1931). He married Priscilla Kearns (born Mar. 
26, 1860, and died Dec. 1, 1931) on May 23, 
1878. Priscilla was the daughter of William T. 
Kearns (1835-1895) and Martha Elliott Kearns 
(1840-1860). William T. was the son of John C. 
Kearns (1794-1858) and Anna Nance Kearns 
(1797- 1874). John C. was the son of Isaac Kearns, 
Sr., (1766-1844) and Rebecca Webb Kearns 
(1769-1835). 





Milton and Priscilla Kearns Cranford. 




The Thomas Cranford home, built circa 1800. Residents 
have been James P. Stafford, Hewey Stafford, and Mrs. 
Russell Frye. 



The Milton Cranford family, Martha, N.C. Left to right: 
Fred, Hattie, Ila, Milton (father), Priscilla (mother), and 
Eula. 

To Milton and Priscilla was born Ila Flo, June 
17, 1893. She married Carson Clark Cranford 
(born Mar. 30, 1886) on May 28, 1911. Milton 
Cranford died Dec. 22, 1931. 

Other children of Milton W. and Priscilla Kearns 
Cranford were Carl who married Nannie Kindley; 
Emogene who married Carl Bisher; Hattie who 
married Boyd Hix; Eula who married John Devon 



Cranford; Fred who married Frances Varner; and 
Walter who married Evelyn Harrington. 

To Carson Cranford and Ua Cranford Cranford 
were born Charles Lester, and Melva. Lester 
makes his home with his father and mother, who 
live on Highway 49 southwest of Farmer. Melva 
married Dewitt Reynolds and had four children: 
Joseph Carson, Patty Ruth, Evelyn, and Charles 
Dewitt. They live at Star. 

(Sidelights: Carson and Ila Cranford celebrated 
their 70th wedding anniversary on May 28, 1981. 
Ila Cranford worked for twenty years in the 
Farmer School cafeteria and attended the Home- 
makers Club for thirty- nine years without missing 
a meeting. She was a charter member of the 
Woman's Curb Market that operated for years on 
E. Salisbury Street in Asheboro, and a life- long 
member of the Salem United Methodist Church). 

The Carson Cranford family has been traced 
back to Kidd Christopher Cranford, born about 
1797, who lived at one time in New Hope 
Township, the 1850 census listing his family as 
residents of Randolph County at that time. He 
married Elizabeth Coggin, but neither his nor her 
parents have been determined at this time. 

To Kidd Christopher was born John Richard 




The Carson Cranford family, 1932. Left to right: Carson, 
Lester, Melva, and Ila. 



Cranford (April 7, 1837 -April 7, 1922) who 
married Emily Morris (1832—1901). John's and 
Emily's son was Alson Grey (Dec. 1, 1859— July 
7, 1936). Alson married Hannah Haltom (born 
June 6, 1862 -died Nov. 17, 1939). They first 
lived in Davidson County, Kidd Christopher 
evidently having moved there sometime after 
1850, then moved to Randolph County in 1898 




The Marsh Dorsett house originally. Began as a four-room dwelling and remodeled in 1920 by the present owner, Carson 
Cranford. 



IOI 




Joseph Carson Reynolds, Evelyn Reynolds, Dewitt T. 
Reynolds, Charles Dewitt Reynolds, Melva Cranford 
Reynolds, Patty Ruth Reynolds. 




Alson and Hannah Haltom Cranford. 

when Alson bought a farm from his brother-in- 
law H. Lee Haltom. 

However, Carson Cranford was born in David- 
son County in 1886, coming to Randolph with his 
parents in 1898. The Alson Cranford home was 
located on Second Creek across the road from the 
Milton Cranford's (not related) home. After retir- 
ing, Alson Cranford moved back to Davidson 



County (Denton) where he lived out his days. 

Other children of Alson Grey and Hannah 
Haltom Cranford were Oscar who married Cora 
Steed; John Devon who married Eula Cranford; 
and Clayton who married Edna Pope. 

Nathan Worrell Cranford (1851-1922), the 
son of John and Mary Hurley Cranford, married 
Nancy Moriah Cranford (1849-1924), the 
daughter of Seth and Lavinia Lewis Cranford. To 
them were born seven children, three of whom 
died young; Crissie, Franey, and Pattie. The 
others were Mollie, who married Oscar Hoover; 
Nivin Clark, who married Delia Little; Betty 
Black, who married Reid Cagle; and Tishie, who 




The Alson Cranford family and home, Martha, N.C. Left to 
right: Alson (father), Hannah (mother), Mary Ridge (foster 
daughter), De Von, Clayton, Carson and his horse. 




Nathan and Nancy Moriah Cranford family. First Row: 
Nathan (son of John and Mary Hurley Cranford), Nancy 
Moriah (daughter of Seth and Lavinia Lewis Cranford), 
Nivin (Bud); Second Row: Oscar Hoover, Molly Hoover, 
Betty Cranford, Tisha Cranford. 







The Samuel Cranford Family in front of their home. Left to right: Van Cranford, Samuel Cranford, Annie Cranford, and 
Nancy Elliott Cranford. 



wed Gus Shaw. 

The Samuel Cranford family that lived near 
Farmer had three children: Clay (died young); 
Van, married Mamie Lackey first, then Ruth Bun- 
dy; and Annie, who married Walter Newby. 
Samuel's wife was Nancy Maticia Elliott, daughter 
of Osborn and Mary Lewis Elliott. His parents 
were Henry and Damarias Cranford Cranford. 

Zimri Cranford married Rozina Lassiter, settled 
on the Uwharrie River, and reared a large and 
distinguished family. He was the son of Henry 
and Damarais Cranford Cranford. His wife was 
the daughter of Aaron and Caroline Bingham 
Lassiter. 

Zimri and Rozina had eight children: 
ChishoLm; Charles L., Carrie Matilda, Elsie Her- 
man, Mattie, Mabel D., Crissie, Albert Erving, 
(and an infant that died after three days). 

Chisholm C. Cranford married Annie Davis, 
and they had four children: Edward M., who 
married Hazel Maxwell; Clarence C, who mar- 



ried Ethel Cox; Samuel Davis, who married 
Margery McKaughan; and Vivian, who married 
Sam Story. 

Charles L. Cranford married Teresa Davis. To 
them were born Leon, who married Ruth Ed- 
wards; Charles L. Jr., who married Grace Belbing- 
field; and Tommy, who married Rennie Bryant. 

Carrie Matilda married Charles W. Scott, but 
had no children. 

Elsie Herman married Nellie Rush. They had 
six children, one of which, Jack, died in youth. 
There were Eva, who married Irvin Frye; Odell, 
married to Dette Kimery; Catherine, to Dr. Jake 
Fritz; Hilda, to George Rose; and Dorothy, to 
James Thomas. 

Crissie married John Ingram and they had a son 
Henry; and daughters Foy, Alberta, Mabel, and 
Anna Gladys. 

Mattie married Houston Elliott, and they were 
blessed with two children: Pauline and Cleron. 
Pauline married Clarence Feemster first, then 



103 





Chisholm C. Cranford. 



Built by C.C. Cranford in the 1930's. The house is located 
on the Uwharrie Golf Course and is presently occupied by 
Mr. and Mrs. Ray Cummings. 



Stewart Haggerty. Cleron married Celia Fox. 

Two other children of Zimri Cranford — Mabel 
and Albert — died young. 

(Sidelight: Zimri Cranford — born Aug. 22, 
1842 — was nineteen when he joined the Confed- 
erate forces — Company H, 38th Regiment — in 
1861 and became a part of that widely known 
unit, the "Uwharrie Boys." He fought through 
the four- year conflict and was at Appomattox 
when Lee surrendered. 

Chisholm C. Cranford, Zimri's oldest son, was 
known as "one of the biggest contributors to 
Asheboro's distinction as a manufacturing 
center." Beginning his business career as a flour 
miller, he expanded into furniture, banking, and 
textiles. He served as Asheboro's mayor for a 
period. 

Although he became a millionaire and walked 
among the financially and socially elite, he always 
kept in close touch with his Farmer relatives and 
friends, maintaining a home until his later years 
on the Uwharrie River, where the Uwharrie Golf 
Club is today. It is said that as he grew older, 
he wanted to spend his hours of recreation riding 
around among the Uwharrie Hills where he grew 

up-) 

The family of Martin Baxter Cranford lived in 
the Bombay community. The son of John and 
Mary Hurley Cranford, he married Jane Cranford, 
daughter of Leonard and Lucy Newsome Cran- 
ford. To them were born ten children: Nixon L., 




The Martin and Jane Cranford family: front, Grady Cran- 
ford; second row: Bessie Cranford Elliott, Ernest Cranford, 
Keturah Cranford Kearns, Ivey Cranford; back row: Nixon 
Cranford, Lewis Cranford, Jane Cranford (mother), Martha 
(Mattie) Cranford Elliott, John Frank Cranford. (Made circa 
1925. Martin deceased.) 



104 



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i 



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i*# ■ 



Martin and Jane Cranford home. Owned at present by Mr. and Mrs. Raymond Sink. 



who married Jennie P. Clingman; Lewis Milton, 
who married Etta Sheets first, then Anna Lassiter 
Kearns (widow of Frank Kearns); Mattie, who 
married Leander Clark Elliott; Merry (died 
young); Keturah, who married Elmer O. Kearns; 
John Frank, who married Maude Wooley first, 
then Ada Skeen Morris; Bessie, who married Pearl 
Elliott; Ernest L., who married Eunice Tesh 
Setleff; Ivy N., who married Olea Hill; and 
Grady, who married Ossie Kearns. 

Lewis M. Cranford (1872 - 1957), married Etta 
Sheets (1879—1922), the daughter of Branson 
and Cornelia Jane Kearns Sheets. They had the 
following children: Dyle, who married Nannie 
Lou Chaffin; Laurin, who married Agnes Bynum; 
Janie, who married Neal Kearns; and Lucille, who 
married J.D. McCrery. After Etta Cranford's 
death, Lewis married Anna Lassiter Kearns. 

Grady Cranford's family lived in the Bombay 
Community. The son of Martin B. and Jane Cran- 
ford Cranford, he married Ossie Kearns, daughter 
of Oscar and Dora Kearns. To them were born 
two children: Martin and Imogene. 

Martin married Faye Delk and had two chil- 
dren: Delbert, who married Cleta Swaney; and 
Tony, who became a doctor. 




Lewis and Anna Cranford. 

Emogene married Raymond Sink and they had 
two children: Carter, who married Tabitha Davis; 
and Hilda, who married Michael (Mike) 
Upchurch. 

Ollie Van Buren Cranford (1880- 1952), son 
of Lee and Lizzie Bright Cranford, married Pearl 
Hix (1882—1947), daughter of L.L. and Fannie 
Sheets Hix. 



io 5 




Lewis M. Cranford home, built in 1914, now owned by Aaron Lewis Cranford, a grandson. 




Davis 



The Grady Cranford family: Ossie, Grady, Emogene, and 
Martin (1937). 



Ollie Cranford's children were Lewis, who mar- 
ried Jewel Sexton; Craig, who married Pauline 
Carroll; Buren, married to Estella Clodfelter; 
George, married to Ruby Welborn; and Floyd, 
who wed Bessie Drayton. 

Ollie Cranford was a prosperous farmer in the 
Oak Grove Church Community and his sons were 
very active in sports at Farmer High School. All 
sons are living in 1981, and living in Thomasville 
except Floyd who lives in Greensboro. Ollie was a 
great grandson of Seth Cranford and a great -great 
grandson of Sawney Cranford. 



Robert (Bob) L. Davis, farmer and section fore- 
man of the North Carolina Department of High- 
ways, was the son of ELUcott and Elizabeth Cran- 
ford Davis. He married Metta Russell, daughter 
of May berry Russell. They had three children: 
Hoyt, who married Eula Harris; Lillian, who mar- 
ried Bill Bunting, and Frances, who married Hal 
Jernigan. 




The R.L. Davis Family in front of Davis Home. Front Row, 
left to right: Frances Davis, Bill Davis (grandson). Back 
Row, left to right: Lillian Davis, R.L. Davis, Metta Russell 
Davis, Hoyt Davis. 



106 



DORSETT 



The Dorsett family, whose home stood in the 
fourth lot east of the post office until it burned in 
1938, was prominent among the Farmer citizens 
during the early decades of this century. Bud and 
Roxanna Lewis Dorsett had eight children: Lewis, 
who married Lola Belle Howard; Robert, who re- 
mained a bachelor; Frances (Fannie), who married 
Milton Fuller Skeen; Emma, who married Irvin 
Kearns (he built the house in which the family 
lived); George, who died young; Linnie, who mar- 
ried Sankie Cox; Katherine (Kate), who married 
Graham Edgerton; and Claude, who married Alice 
Preister. 



Dunbar 



John Dunbar, many of whose descendants 
seem to have disappeared from the Farmer Com- 
munity, is best remembered for the bridge he is 
credited with building over the Uwharrie River 
about a mile east of the present Farmer Post Of- 
fice, probably about the middle of the Nine- 
teenth Century. He constructed the bridge, using 
the skills of an engineer, to take the place of the 
nearby ford that had been the passageway for 
travelers since early colonial days. The structure 
served to defeat partly at least, the flooding 
demon of the small river, characterized by its 
ever- recurring freshets. Testimony to the fact that 
Dunbar built his bridge well is its record of with- 
standing every raging flood that came until it was 
replaced by the county with a steel structure in 
1904. Like other bridges of the time, Dunbar put 
a cover over it, making it a picturesque part of the 
rural scene. 

Dunbar (1793-1863) was the son of James and 
Rachel Dunbar, and married Sarah Ridge Nov. 
15, 1816. To them were born Rebecca who mar- 
ried Thomas Lowe, Apr. 5, 1838; Jane, who mar- 
ried Micajah Lassiter, Nov. 26, 1835; and Noah 
R., who married Olive Brookshire, Sept. 4, 1840. 

After his first wife died, Dunbar married Sarah 
Lowe, Nov. 26, 1826. They had eight children: 
Sarah; Annie, who married Peter Vuncannon; 
James, who married Louise Jones; Thomas, who 
married Mary E. Henley; Mary, who married 
Lewis Jones; Joseph; Fannie, who married John 
Dunbar; Eliza; and Leander H. 

Dunbar, whose name is listed among those 
who built the Science Hill Academy in 1858-59, 



belonged to the Uwharrie Friends Meeting and is 
buried in the Uwharrie Friends Cemetery. 

Jack Lowe, one of Farmer's elder citizens, is a 
descendant of Dunbar, being the great grandson 
of Rebecca, (the second daughter of Dunbar and 
his first wife), and her husband Thomas Lowe. 
Rebecca's son Nereus married Mary Jane Rush and 
had eight children, among them Jack. 

Elliott 

Leander Clark Elliott, who married Mattie 
Ellen Cranford and became known as the "best 
mollasses maker ever," was the son of Osburn and 
Mary Lewis Elliott. His wife, Mattie Ellen, was 
the daughter of Martin B. and Jane Cranford 
Cranford. 

Leander Elliott, who lived south of Farmer 
along what is now Highway 49, had eight chil- 
dren, one of whom, "Whit," continued to live 
near the old homeplace and became an outstan- 
ding farmer and a leading citizen. 

Leander's children were Mary Gladys, who died 
young; Earl Whitson (Whit), who married Mary 
Barker; Effie Blanche, who married the Rev. 
Moody Nifong; Austin L., who married Arline 
Barber first, then Mary Barber; Janie Edna, who 
died young; Rose May, who married George 
Kivett; Dallas Lea, who married John Leak; and 
Willie Baxter, who married Larestine Hall. 

Whit Elliott's son Charles lives in the Farmer 
Community and carries on an extensive farming 
operation. Another son Joe also lives in the com- 
munity, but works as a supervisor in the Klopman 
Mills. Charles married Blanche Glover; Joe mar- 
ried Hazel Nance. 



Fuller 

Samuel and Sarah Hill Walker bought the farm 
on the Uwharrie River where Elizabeth Fuller Pat- 
ton now lives, and built in 1830 the house that re- 
mains there today. To Samuel and Sarah Walker 
was born Mary Lundy, who married Thomas 
Henry Fuller. 

To that couple was born Bob Fuller, who mar- 
ried Mabel Kearns, a daughter of Samuel and 
Lenora Lassiter Kearns. 

They lived on the Fuller family farm on the 
Uwharrie River north of Farmer. Their children 
were Robert and Elizabeth. Robert married twice: 
Ida Cochrane, first; then Goldie Godwin. Robert 



io 7 



resides in High Point. Elizabeth has also been 
twice married. Richard D. Crouch was her first 
husband. She married Buford Patton the second 
time. Elizabeth continues to live on the old 
Walker plantation jointly owned by her and her 
brother Robert. 




Elizabeth Fuller and Robert Fuller. 





Elizabeth Fuller and one of her favorite horses. 




Ill Ml HII ! 

■■*■ ■.- t-y ».- | ... 




The Fuller home. Built by Col. Samuel Walker in 1830, it is 
now the residence of Elizabeth Fuller Patton. Remodeled in 
1954. 



IS * -~- 

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Robert Fuller (7946;. 



Mrs. R.W. (Mabel) Fuller. 



108 



Garner 



Phillip Franklin Garner and his wife Pandora 
had six sons: Phillip, Jr., Jesse, Clegg, Julian, 
Worth, and Adrain. Phillip, Jr., married Beulah 
Hammond and they had the following children: 
Lucille, Edna, Ralph, and James. Jesse Garner 
became a teacher and he and his wife Ruby (also a 
teacher) lived for a period in Farmer when he 
served as high school principal. Worth Garner 



reared his family in a home overlooking the 
Uwharrie River about three miles east of Farmer. 
There he reared the following children: Ruth, 
married to Wesley Morris; Marian, who married 
Wayne Bingham; Esther, wed to Dick Davis; 
Richard (never married); Edwin (died young); 
Wallace, wed to Ersal Adams; and Thomas, who 
married (Trudy) Ceytru Bentley. Clegg Garner 
married Sallie Branson, sister to Worth's wife, 
and they had a daughter Grace, who married 
Clark Thornburg. 




The Garners. Pandora, Jesse, Clegg, Julian, Worth and 
Adrain. 





Adrain Garner, Clegg Garner, Worth Garner, Julian 
Garner. 




Richard G. Garner, Grace Garner, Marian Branson Garner, 

Ruth Ellen Garner, Ester Honor Garner. Thomas Harold Garner, Professor at Clemson University. 



109 



Hammond 



William and Caroline Hammond lived in the 
Cedar Grove Township area in the early 1800's. 
On Feb. 21, 1823, they had a son John, who grew 
up to marry Mary Belinda Lassiter, who was born 
Mar. 28, 1832. John and Mary resided in the 
Cedar Grove Community and had six children: 
Madison (born May 31, 1864), Emma, Alex- 
ander, Mary, Ann, and William. 

Madison attended Science Hill Academy. He 
moved to Farmer when he became an adult and 



lived with a sister on the Calier Kearns farm work- 
ing for 25 cents a day at clearing land for cultiva- 
tion. To get rid of the logs, he rolled them into 
piles and burned them, as was the custom of the 
times. 

On Dec. 28, 1893, Madison married Tura 
Johnson (born Feb. 26, 1870), who traced her an- 
cestry back to William and Mary King Keerans 
(Kearns) who first settled in America about 1760, 
having migrated from Ireland. Tura Johnson was 
the daughter of Winburn and Melinda Campbell 
Johnson and the granddaughter of Allen Harris 




The Madison Hammond Family. First Row, left to right: Madison Hammond, Paul Tura Johnson Hammond, Leah, Tom. Sec- 
ond row, left to right: Carl, Bob, Ada. (1915). 



no 




Madison Hammond 



and Elizabeth Kearns Johnson. Elizabeth was a 
descendant of William and Mary Kearns. Tura at- 
tended the Salem School, Farmer Academy, and 
the Salem Methodist Church. 

Married in Asheboro, they started housekeep- 
ing on the farm of Mrs. Mollie Fuller Skeen. Dur- 
ing their residence there, Mrs. Skeen built a new 
home — the one that Hyatt and Bonnie Ham- 
mond live in today, after renovation. 

On June 28, 1895, Madison's and Tura's first 
child, John Robert, was born. When Robert 
(called "Bob" for most of his life) was two weeks 
old, the rented house burned. The mother and 
Baby Bob had to be rescued from the building on 
a mattress. The family then moved to a small 
farm on Moore's Road (running north-south east 
of the Uwharrie River) in Cedar Grove Township, 
a farm which Madison later bought. While they 
lived there, the following children were born: 
Ada (Mar. 13, 1898), Carl (Oct. 26, 1900), and 
Tom (Oct. 28, 1902). 

In the year that Tom was born, Homer and 
Janie Hammond, whose parents Alexander and 
Janie Finch Hammond had died in 1892, joined 
the Madison Hammond family. The two orphans 
had been living with their grandmother Ham- 
mond, but she had died also. 

In 1905 Madison bought another farm of 150 



acres from Ivy Kearns in Concord Township. It 
bordered the Uwharrie River on the east and Sec- 
ond Creek on the south. The dwelling there had a 
large kitchen with a big fireplace, and an adjoin- 
ing large room that was called the "slave 
quarters." That room, the children remember, 
had a peephole for the slave master's use. In that 
house was born Paul (Nov. 13, 1904) and Leah 
(Nov. 11, 1906). Ada, Paul, and Leah are the 
only surviving children at this date (1981). 

Because the family continued to be plagued 
with malaria, the Hammonds built a new home 
away from the fiver about three -fourths of a mile 
northeast of the old house. There the youngest 
child Garland was born. He contracted whooping 
cough and died when he was ninety -five days old. 

Madison Hammond farmed, but he and his 
sons, his nephew, and some hired men operated a 
sawmill during the winter months. He prospered 
and, as the years passed, he bought more land 
from Clark Johnson, Houston Elliott, and 
Ananias Cornelison until the homeplace con- 
tained about 400 acres. He later purchased the 
Drew Lewis farm and another tract near Parker's 
Mill. Bob and Edith Parrish, married soon after 
World War I, began housekeeping on the Drew 
Lewis farm. 

After Bob Hammond sailed from Newport 





^•!-/# 



The Bob (J.R.) Hammond family. Keith, Bob, Edith, and 
Hyatt. W.A. stands in front. 

News, Virginia, for foreign service during World 
War I, his family waited anxiously for seven weeks 
before hearing from him. After the armistice was 
signed, Bob guarded German prisoners for a 
period. 

Carl Hammond married Jennie Cooper; Ada 
married Virgil Loflin; Paul married Carrie Cran- 
ford, and Tom married Esther Brookshire. 

The passing time brought other changes: Delco 
lights had been installed at the homeplace, a Ford 
with a brass radiator had been purchased, a reaper 
(wheat cutting machine) had been bought and 
assembled with the help of an Ag teacher, L.L. 
Ray. A telephone system extending from Ashe- 
boro had been installed with 13 families subscrib- 
ing, making the line a 13-party facility. Tractors 
had replaced the four mules and a horse on the 
Hammond farm. Early in the 30's a combine 
replaced the one new-fangled reaper. 

In 1938, Madison, his family reduced to three 
by marriage and death, moved to Farmer to live 
in a building that had once been N.W. Newby's 
store. Remodeled by Joe Presnell, it contained 
nine rooms, three porches, and two big hallways. 
During the days when the Farmer Institute had 
been a boarding school, some of the students 
batched there. 

Leah Hammond finished high school at Farmer 
in 1925 and graduated from Guilford College in 
1929- She was teaching in Colfax, Guilford 
County, when her family moved into Farmer. But 
she came back to Farmer to live with her parents 



in 1938 and taught there until her retirement in 
1970, after teaching in Rockingham, Guilford, 
and Randolph counties for 39 years. 

In 1950, the Hammonds built a brick home 
across the road (the road leading to the cemetery 
and across Tom's Creek on a covered bridge in 
those days) from the old house. Two grandsons — 
Hyatt Hammond, son of Bob, and an architect, 
and Keith Hammond, also son of Bob, and an 
electrician — took the initiative in getting the new 
home built with up-to-date conveniences for 
their grandparents. 

Madison Hammond and his son Bob, as well as 
Harvey Hammond, son of Carl, have all served on 
the Farmer school board. Madison, his wife Tura, 
Leah, and Homer have been life- long members 
of the Science Hill Friends Meeting and have 
served on various committees. 

Bob operated a store in Farmer for several years 
and boarded teachers in the Farmer School. Carl 
operated a sawmill for many years, and then went 
into trucking. Tom worked for Nello Teer in road 
construction and Paul was employed by the Mc- 
Crary Hosiery Mills in Asheboro. 

Carl's son Harvey operates an Exxon Station in 
Asheboro. His other son Harold follows the car- 
penter's trade in Guilford County. Janie Ham- 
mond, the niece who lived with Madison's family, 
married Garfield Bingham, and they spent most 
of their lives in McAlster, Okla., where four sons 
were born to them: Homer, Glenn, William, and 
Carl. They returned to live at the Bingham farm 
in 1933. Garfield died on Oct. 24, 1938; Janie 
passed away August 28, 1943. 



Harris 

Arthur Harris (April 4, 1883; July 22, 1966), 
was the son of Emsley and Marinda Williams Har- 
ris. He married Ina Yates (Sept. 1, 1897; Oct. 9, 
1975), daughter of Pete and Rebecca Ridge 
Yates. To them were born three children: 
Charlie, Marinda, and Eula. 

Charlie Harris married Faye Garner and they 
had five children: Joyce, Eugene, Becky, Lynn, 
and Ellen. Joyce married Johnny Gordon first, 
then Elbert Leviner. She had two children — 
Gwendolyn and Steve — by her first husband. 
Eugene married Shelby Bunting. Becky married 
Winfred Wilson and they had a child Chesley. 
Lynn married Barry Richburg. Ellen married John 
Spivey. 



Marinda Harris married George Yates and they 
had three children: James, who married Ruth 
Pierce; Nell, who married David Scott; and Roy, 
who married Sandy Hall. James had two children; 
Pam, who married Randy Spikeleather and they 
had two children, Bryan and Jamie; and Chris, 
who never married. Nell had two children: Jeffrey 
and Shelia. 

Eula Harris married Hoyt Davis. They had one 
child William, who married Carolyn Craig first, 
then Nell Pruitt. 

The early home of Arthur and Ina Harris was 
approximately three miles south of Farmer west of 
old Highway 49. About 1925 the family moved to 
the Herbert McMaster former home in Farmer. 
While living there, they operated the Central 
Telephone Company, which had been operated 
by the McMasters. The office, which was within 
the dwelling, closed about 1932. The Harrises 
later moved into the Sam Kearns house on the 
Dunbar Bridge Road. 




Arthur and Ina Harris. 



Henson 



In 1930 J.B. and Ovie Henson and son Joey 

moved from the Bethel Community east of Ashe- 
boro to Farmer. In the early 1800's the farm was 
owned by John Ingram and other members of his 
family. The Hensons bought the farm from the 
Henry Parrish family. Tom's Creek flows through 
this farm. 

Mr. J.B. Henson passed away in 1943 and Joey 
graduated from Farmer High School the same 
year. 



In 1944 Joey joined the Army Air Force and 
served until 1946. 

Ovie Henson began to root different kinds of 
shrubs and to grow various kinds of plants. This 
was the beginning of Tom's Creek Nursery. 

Soon after Joey returned home he married 
Audrey Massey. 

Their children are Melinda who has a Masters 
degree in Landscape Design from State College. 
In December 1977 she married Steven Vaughan 
in a church wedding at Science Hill. She and her 
husband operate Tom's Creek Landscaping, Inc. 
They live in Asheboro. 

Rebecca graduated from Eastern Carolina Col- 
lege. She teaches Special Education at Seagrove 
Middle School. She, too, lives in Asheboro. 

Rodney is a student at Farmer Middle School. 
Joey and Audrey operate a dairy and Tom's 
Creek Nursery. For their nursery they use irriga- 
tion getting their supply of water from Tom's 
Creek. 

They employ from 7 to 8 workers and sell 
shrubbery in several eastern states. The nursery is 
expanding yearly (1981). 







Mrs. J.B. (Ovie) Henson, founder of Tom's Creek Nursery. 
She still prefers to cultivate her shrubs by hand. 



"3 



HORNEY 



Jeffrey Homey — according to handed -down 
stories in the family — came to America from 
England in the early 1800's with his brothers Jared 
and John. He is the ancestor of those Horneys 
who have been a part of Farmer's history. Dates of 
his birth and death have been lost, but it is 
known that he married Keziah Smith, who was 
born April 23, 1790. They were probably married 
about 1810 shortly after he had settled to live near 
Jamestown in Guilford County. One of their 
children, named after his Uncle Jared, was born 
Jan. 6, 1817. Through him the Horneys trace 
their ancestry. 

Sometime early in the Nineteenth Century, 
Jeffrey moved his family to the Science Hill Com- 
munity across the river from Farmer, and built his 
house where the Welch family later resided. Jeff- 
rey and Keziah, it is believed, are buried in the 
old graveyard near the Welch houseplace. 

Jared Horney married Sallie Ingram, probably 
the daughter of the Ingrams who lived about a 
mile west of Farmer on the farm that was known 
as the "Elzivan Ingram" place. They had eight 
children, four of which lived to adulthood. 

Old records of the Farmer (Concord) Church — 
records found in Harris Kearns's safe — showed 
that Jared Horney served as a member of the 
church board when the church building was 
erected in 1859- 

At some point in his early manhood, Jared 
Horney acquired a large tract of land immediately 





Julius Horney's children: Jeffrey, Eugene, Esta, Conrad, 
William, and Raymond. 



The C.C. Horney home. Julius Horney once had a Farmer's 
Alliance store on the back porch. 



west of Farmer — all the land lying between 
Jackson's Creek and Tom's Creek, including the 
present-day Horney farm (where Mozelle Horney 
now lives), the old Moses Morgan farm, and the 
Ridge property. 

The original Horney home there was located 
near Rock Spring, which is across the road and 
field east of the present dwelling. Because of its 
more convenient location, Jared, about 1838, 
built his family a two -story log house by the road 
and dug a well for his water supply. An inside 
ladder was used for the children to climb to their 
beds upstairs. 

One of Jared's sons, Julius (born Sept. 4, 
1850), married Mary Clinard and remained at the 
homeplace. Born to them were Margaret 
(Maggie), Conrad, and William. Then Mary 
died, and Julius married her sister Margaret, and 
they had five children: Esta, Mary, Jeffrey, 
Eugene, and Raymond. 

Another of Jared's sons, John, built his home 
where the Ivy Johnsons later lived (the present 
home of Ocia Morgan) . John later moved his fam- 
ily to Alabama, where he was killed by a train. 
His family then moved to Columbus, Georgia, 
where they all died in time. 

When Jared died (June 20, 1870), Julius took 
over the management of the farm, caring for his 
mother Sallie and a niece, Emily Jones, the 
daughter of Elizabeth Horney Jones, Jared's sister. 
Elizabeth's son, James Addison Jones, often 
stayed at the Horney home also. Sallie Horney 
died Oct. 23, 1893. 



114 



Elizabeth Horney Jones was buried in the 
Farmer Cemetery and James A. Jones gave the 
pulpit furniture to the present Farmer Church in 
memory of his mother. James A. Jones was the 
founder of the J.A.Jones Construction Company 
in Charlotte. A son of James became a world 
renown member of the Methodist Church, hold- 
ing office in the World Conference. 

Julius Horney, known to his neighbors as 
"Jube," became a leader in his community, being 
particularly active in the Farmers Alliance move- 
ment which flourished during the last two dec- 
ades of the Nineteenth Century. He also served 
the community as merchant, operating a Farmers 
Alliance store from his back porch for several 
years. Ever interested in progress, he encouraged 
his children to seek an education beyond the 
public schools, and several of them attended col- 
lege. Three of them — Margaret (Maggie), Con- 
rad, and Esta — taught at one time or another in 
the Farmer School, as well as at other schools in 
the area. 

When Julius Horney died in 1910, Conrad, 
who was 21 at the time, took over the farm, and 
kept a portion of it throughout his life, leaving it 
to his daughter Mozelle. He married Mittie 
Russell, of the Farmer community. Esta married 
Tom Morgan, a son of Moses Morgan, and Mary 
married Walter Scotten, of Staley. Margaret, 
Eugene and William found spouses outside the 
community. Jeffrey and Raymond remained 
bachelors. 



Howard 




V I' » 




When James Macon died, his widow, Artim- 
shial Lowdermilk Macon, married Eli N. Howard. 
To them were born three children: Lola Belle, 
who married Lewis Dorsett; Mamie, married to 
Joe A. Piper; and Herbert, to Virginia Holland. 
Lola had two sons Howard and Charles; Mamie 
had three, Joe, Rodney, and Herbert. Howard's 
stepdaughter, Elma Macon, married Barton 
Carter the second time and had two children, 
Harold and Norma. 

Eli Howard operated a store and the post office 
in Mechanic, the Post Office being located in the 
store. The store stood at the intersection of two 
roads, about three -fourths mile southeast of the 
Science Hill Friends Meeting house. 



Hughes 



The Felix Thomas (Vick) Hughes family lived 
south of the Tom's Creek about three miles west 
of Farmer. Vick and his wife Becky J. Hughes had 
eight children: Elwood, who married Lou 
Hughes; George, who married Lucy Hulin; Julia, 
married to Carl Morris; Sadie, married to Ed 
Pulliam; Felix, who married Mae Hughes; Annie 
wed to Purn Gordon; Maudie, never married; 
and Magdalene who married Robert Garner. 









ass 







#)«J>*H*M3 



, :„■' v^; v v3fc&i&#CF 



t^fc^ilsiRSl 



■ 



The Julius Reeves and Vick Hughes home. 

"5 



Ingram 



John Ingram (Oct. 24, 1792; Oct. 27, 1854) 
married Nancy Arnold and had eight children: 
Sarah, Disey, Thomas (Lock), William, Erasmus 
(Rad), Emily, Parthenia (Thene), and Martha. 

Lock Ingram married and had seven children: 
Louise, Mary, Celia, Ella, Emma, John, and 
Elzavan. 

John Ingram married Crissie Cranford and had 
five children: Henry, Foy, Alberta, Mabel, and 
Anna Glades. Henry, made his home in Ashe- 
boro and became a state senator. Henry's son 
John, also served in the state legislature and is at 
present serving a second term as State Insurance 
Commissioner. 

Lock Ingram's home was located south of Tom's 
Creek about two miles west of Farmer. Elzivan In- 
gram lived on the farm immediately west of the 
Moses Morgan place. 



Johnson 



John Johnson — the first person by the name 
of Johnson in the Farmer area, and the great, 
great, great grandfather of Leah Hammond, a 
resident today (1981) — was a Revlutionary War 
soldier, according to legend, and settled with his 
family after the war near Jackson Hill in present- 
day Davidson County. Legend also says that he 
had a younger brother who went off to the War of 
1812 never to be heard from again. 

John had two sons, Abram and Jimmy. Abram 
left the area some time in the 1830's and settled 
in Mitchell County, North Carolina. He married 
Jennie Kinner who bore him three boys: Alfred, 
Wesley, and Alex Harris, and three girls: Frankie, 
Polly, and Sally. Abram was a blacksmith of 
renown and an "ironmaster". According to the 
Johnson records, Abram was the first "rosmelter" 
in North Carolina. He worked near the Cranberry 
Iron Mine in Avery County, a mine that supplied 
considerable metal to the Confederate iron works 
during the Civil War. Abram smelted the ore and 
made it into plow points, selling a load of his 
wares in Marion, N.C., when he had reached the 
age of 110. 

The other son of John Johnson, Jimmy, mar- 
ried Charity Skeen and had eight children: John; 
Pink; Alson; Prissy, who married Hansel Elliott; 
Adeline, who married Reuben Elliott; Tempie, 
who married Stephen Adderton, and Allen Har- 



ris. Jimmy lived and died on the family farm and 
was buried in the family plot near the home 
place. Jimmy had died from becoming over- 
heated while threshing wheat on his place. Ac- 
cording to legend, Jimmy once buried a goodly 
sum of money on his farm, then could not find it 
again. After more than a hundred years another 
family that had moved to the farm plowed it up. 

The last son of Jimmie Johnson, Allen Harris 
(born Mar. 21, 1817, and died Sept. 30, 1905) 
married Elizabeth (Betsy) Kearns (born Mar. 21, 
1821, and died July 21, 1899), daughter of 
Thomas and Rebecca Ivy Kearns, in 1836. They 
moved to Farmers Community soon thereafter 
and had the following children: Titus Win- 
bourne, James Ivy, Thomas Clarke, John (Jack) 
Hansel, Jeremiah W., Clarinda E., Milton H., 
and Louie Jane. 

Titus Winbourne Johnson (born July 4, 1837, 
and died April 17, 1913) married Melinda Camp- 
bell who bore him four children: Norman, Perry, 
Mary, and Tura. After Melinda died, Titus Win- 
bourne married Amanda Nance to whom were 
born Effie, Lonnie, Herman, Walter, Louie, 
Lillie, and Mamie. They lived west of Farmers on 
Tom's Creek. 

Norman Johnson married Julia Morris and they 
had seven children: Starling, who married Delia 



(c/or-t ate ec >a<a-fr/t t-yii'tffa fo #e /? leJe-n/ 

a/ /ne 

cita-mi/y ^-YQett-ntv-n 



a/ SO a c/t>ctt a., -m, 
a-i /nei-t nc-'yyie *teaA 



Invitation to A.H.Johnson Family Reunion, Oct. 16, 1897. 



n6 



1 1 1 " '■■■■ 




The Johnson family. Couples left to right: Mary Johnson Thompson and Lee Thomspon, Julia Williams Johnson and Perry 
Johnson, Effie Johnson Bingham and Tom Bingham, Tura Johnson Hammond and Madison Hammond, Bell Lowe Johnson 
and Lonnie Johnson, Julia Morris Johnson and Norman Johnson, Lillie Johnson Plummer and Clifford Plummer, Stella Lowe 
Johnson and Herman Johnson, Betty Snider Johnson and Walter Johnson, Louie Johnson Lowe and Worth Lowe, Mamie 
Johnson Wright and Carl Wright, (circa 1936). 




Johnson Family Reunion of Oct. 16, 1897. First row of adults, left to right: Thomas Clark and Letitia Lewis Johnson, James 
Ivey and Eliza Daniel Johnson, Louie Johnson Diffee, Elizabeth Kearns and Allen Harris Johnson, Tempe Adderton, Amanda 
Nance Johnson, Titus Winbourne Johnson, Jeremiah Johnson. 



"7 




The Herman Johnson home. 

Mae Surratt; Gertrude, who married Gurney Sur- 
ratt; Val who married Cora Smith; Joe who mar- 
ried ?; Edward, who married Gertrude Hill; 
Willard, who married Annie Morris; and 
Thomas, who married Blanche Shaw. 

Perry Johnson married Julia Williams. 

Mary Johnson married Lee Thompson and they 
had four sons: Dexter, Free, Ray, and Harris. 

Tura Johnson married Madison Hammond. 
Their children were: Robert, Ada, Carl, Tom, 
Paul, and Leah. 

Effie Johnson married Thomas W. Bingham 
and had five children: Fred, who married Jessie 
Johnson; Lyde, who married Eculid Amman; Hal, 
who married Edna Walker; Wayne, who married 
Marian Garner; and Donald, who married Sarah 
Smith. 

Mamie Johnson married Carl Wright. To them 
were born four children: Eloise, who married Fred 
DeLappe; Hazel, married to George Kuhn; Mar- 
cella, married first to James Stewart, then to 
Hervey Yates; and Richard, who married Marietta 
Thompson. 

Louie Johnson married Worth Lowe. They had 
six children: Glenn, married to Lillie Steed; 
Halbert, to Edith Brown; Gertrude, to Sandy 
Winslow; Nereus M., to Lizzie Stout; Win- 
bourne, never married; Esther Lou, to Sam 
Phillips. 

Lonnie Johnson married Bell Lowe, and had 
two children: Allene, and Mary Sue. 

Lillie Johnson married Clifford Plummer and 
had no children. Walter Johnson married Betty 
Snider and had no children. 

James Ivy Johnson (born Oct. 15, 1840, and 
died Sept. 30, 1917), a twin of Thomas Clarke 
Johnson, married Eliza Daniel from Davidson 
County in 1868, but they made their home in the 
Farmer Community, having lived in the house 



built by John Horney and in later years the dwell- 
ing of the Moses Morgan family (Ocia Morgan, 
daughter of Moses Morgan, still resides there). Ivy 
Johnson built the two -story front part of the 
house. To Johnson were born Robert Edward, 
Dora Belle, Virginia Cordelia, James Harris, 
Henry Clay, Bessie Lula, and Lena May. 

Thomas Clarke Johnson (born Oct. 15, 1840, 
and died Sept. 6, 1922) married Letitia Lewis in 
1868. They lived in Randolph County until they 
moved to Greensboro in 1907. To them were 
born Eula, who married Allen Fuller; Mada, who 
married Emory Lassiter; Pearl; Agnes, who mar- 
ried Lee M. Kearns; Clara; Kate, who married Lee 
Ralls; Thomas Albert; and Annie. 

John (Jack) Hansel Johnson (born April 26, 
1842, and died May 29, 1919) married Jennie 
Birkhead. They had the following children: 
Charles, Nora, Bert, and Alice, who married an 
AUbright. Charles was killed in a train wreck in 
the Greensboro railyards. 

Jeremiah W.Johnson (born July 2, 1846, and 
died Feb. 15, 1922) married Elbie Stokes. One 
child, Emma, was born to them. Elbie died and 
Jeremiah married his wife's sister Maggie and they 
had three children: Harris, Robert, and Bettie. 
Emma married Charlie Thompson and was 
blessed with nine children. Bettie married Oscar 
Elliott and had ten children. Robert married 
Grace Brown. Jeremiah Johnson ran a mill on 




Some members of the Herman Johnson family in 1958: 
James, Madge, Stella (mother), Charles, Myrle, and 
Vernon. 



n8 



Tom's Creek about three miles west of Farmer. 

Clarinda E.Johnson (born Feb. 12, 1851, and 
died Jan. 15, 1904) married Manley Riley and had 
seven children: May, Hattie, Bettie, Carl, Essie, 
and John. 

Milton H. Johnson (born Feb. 9, 1853, and 
died Jan. 2, 1900) lived and died a bachelor. 

Louis Jane Johnson (born Oct. 17, 1859, and 
died Sept. 25, 1942) married Alpheus Diffee, 
who had three children by a former marriage: 
Prim, James, and Sherman. To Louie and 
Alpheus were born Gertrude and Ethel. Gertrude 
married a Reitsell and died soon thereafter. Ethel 
married a Tomlinson of the Tomlinson Furniture 
Company in High Point. 

(Johnson family sidelights: Bessie Johnson, 
Ivy's daughter, married into the Miss Fannie Rice 
family. Miss Fannie was a bed -ridden invalid for 
many years but a good neighbor and kindly influ- 
ence in the community nonetheless. The Rices 
moved to Asheboro and had a daughter Emma 
who married the industrialist Hugh Merritt of 
Mount Airy. They had a daughter, Julia. Five 
sons of Allen Harris Johnson served in the Civil 
War. 

Lena May Johnson, another of Ivy's daughters, 
bought the Bingham flax wheel from Flora Bing- 
ham Morgan. In later years, one of the Morgan 
daughters, Mabel Byrd, negotiated with the 
Johnson family and bought the wheel back so 
that it might be kept with the descendants of the 
Binghams) . 

Bob Johnson operated a store on Second Creek. 
In the store the Post Office Sol, N.C., operated 
from 1906 to 1917. Eggs were often brought to 
the store and bartered for household needs. On 
the creek nearby stood a "roller" mill and the 
miller's house. The families of Harris Rich, Ed 
Hardister, and of a Mr. Yeargen lived in the 
miller's house, the men obviously operating the 
mill at the time. Annie Johnson, who later mar- 
ried Rom Thornburg, used to sit on the mill 
porch as a child and watch the customers bringing 
in their grain in carts and wagons to be ground. 
She was especially fascinated with one old black 
man who always brought his corn in a cart pulled 
by a big ox. 

The remaining children of Bob and Dora 
Carter Kearns Johnson were Hobson, who mar- 
ried Daisy Michael and had one daughter Bobby; 
Jessie, who married Fred Bingham and had three 
children — Thad, Max, and Peggy; Glenn, who 
married Ruth Sexton and had one daughter Glen- 



da. Annie and Rom Thornburg had a daughter 
Ramona. 

Dora Carter had been married previously to 
Oscar Kearns. To that union had been born a 
daughter Ossie who married Grady Cranford. 

Bob Johnson, who was the son of Ruffin and 
Jane Johnson, married Dora Carter Kearns, the 
daughter of Samuel and Selecta Carter, in 1896. 




The Bob Johnson family: Bob Johnson (father), Jessie 
Johnson Bingham, Dora Carter Johnson (mother), Ossie 
Kearns Cranford, Hobson Johnson, Glenn Johnson, Annie 
Johnson Thornburg. 




Bob Johnson's Mill on Second Creek. 



119 



Kearns (Keerans) 



The Kearns family, many of whose descendants 
continue to live in the area, has the following 
record: 

The first Kearnses (spelled Keeranses 
originally)* that can be found in the records 
in Washington, D.C., are William and Mary 
King Kearns. They came from Ireland to 
America between 1760 and 1765, and made 
their home on Second Creek (which flows in- 
to the Uwharrie River three miles below 

Farmer)* *Parentheses are the editor's. 

William lived on the farm that he established 
there (in the vicinity of the Salem United 
Methodist Church) until his death in 1825. 
Around his grave grew the Kearns Cemetery, in 
which the following children of William and 
Mary King Kearns were buried: Silas, born July 
10, 1767, and died May 28, 1842; and William T. 
Jr., born May 5, 1769, and died February 9, 1837. 
Silas's wife, Jane Thompson Kearns and the step- 
daughter of the school master Henry Lyndon, and 
William T. Kearns' wife Margaret Andrews are 
also buried there. 

Those pioneering Kearnses had five sons: 



William and Silas, mentioned above; Isaac, born 
1766; Josiah, born (c)1771; and Thomas, born 
1776. Silas had two wives— Jane Thompson and 
Ann Taylor. Isaac married Rebecca Webb, whose 
family had moved to Granville County from 
Virginia. Josiah took Jane Hannah for his bride, 
and Thomas, who was born the year the Declara- 
tion of Independence was written, married 
Rebecca Ivy. 

The Kearns' name has been traced over five 
generations through the second son (Isaac) of 
William and Mary King Kearns: Isaac and Rebec- 
ca Webb Kearns had nine children, among whom 
was Allen (born 1798), who married Nancy 
Wood. To that couple were born eight children, 
among them Henry Clay (born 1840). Henry Clay 
took unto himself Frances Jane Harriss and they 
had fifteen children, one of which was named 
Oscar Eugene (born 1868). 

In addition to the Kearnses who moved out of 
Randolph County into nearby cities, such as 
Asheboro, Greensboro, and High Point, and 
some who migrated to the opening west (Char- 
lotte Kearns Jackson and her husband William 
Jackson moved to Missouri), many of them re- 
mained in the area to become leading farmers, 
business men, and professional people. In a pic- 




First home of William and Mary King Kearns. Later home of Virden Kearns. Built between 1767—1775. Mrs. Willie Shaw 
Kearns with dog in yard. 



ture taken at the Farmer School in 1915, 27 of the 
120 students listed were Kearnses. In a later 
photograph of the high school students (1925) 
five of the 31 students belonged to the Kearns 
family. 

The 1979 roll of the Salem United Methodist 
Church lists among its members the names of 15 
Kearnses. The church history records the names of 
many Kearnses who have been active members 
and supporters of the church since its very begin- 
ing in 1818 in the Russell Schoolhouse, which 
stood a few hundred yards west of the present 
building. The history carries the statement: "The 
new church building at Salem was built by the 
united efforts of Ivy Kearns, H.H. Kearns, John 
Thompson, Emory B. Kearns, D.G. McMasters, 
Samuel S. Kearns, Samuel W. Kearns, C.S. 
Kearns, and others in the winter of 1881 and was 
dedicated to the service of God Almighty by the 
Rev. W.S. Black, July 1, 1883. 

A student who finished at the Farmer High 
School in 1928 made the following statement 
about the Kearnses that once lived in the village 
of Farmer. 



"I can remember when, if I yelled for Mrs. 
Kearns, I wouldn't have known which one would 
answer: Nora, Bessie, Myrtle, Janie, Rosa, or 
Clarinda." 

Nora was Mrs. Sam Kearns, Bessie, Mrs. Marvin 
Kearns; Myrtle, Mrs. Harris Kearns; Janie, Mrs. 
Orpheus Kearns; Clarinda, Mrs. Ed Kearns; and 
Rosa was a widow. Mrs. Anna Kearns, Frank's 
wife, lived out of yelling distance across the 
Uwharrie River beyond the Dunbar Bridge. 



Thomas Kearns (born Jan. 19, 1776, and died 
in 1847) who married Rebecca Ivy, was the son of 
William T. and Mary King Keerans (Kearns). 
Thomas had a son Ivy, who married Diza Arnold. 
To them were born nine children: Sallie, who 
died young; Nancy, who married D.G. 
McMasters; Samuel Wood, who married Lenora 
Lassiter, Mary Elizabeth, who married James L. 
Skeen; Julia Ann, who married Emory Benson 
Kearns; Abigail, who married Clark Fuller; 
Elizabeth Virginia, who married Fletcher Lassiter; 
Martha and Diza, both dying young. 




The Samuel W. Kearns home built in 1888. Everette Kearns lived there, then Leander Elliott, J. R. Wham, and C.R.Johnson 
(now). 



Samuel Wood Kearns had six children: Sallie 
Gennette, who died young; Hattie B., who mar- 
ried Lonnie Fuller; Bessie, who married Marvin 
Kearns (son of Calier); Everette, who married Car- 
rie Fuller; Mabel Fletcher, who married Robert W. 
Fuller, Sr.; and Clyde, who never married. 

Everette Kearns, son of Samuel, had three 
children: Tom, who married Allene Cooley; 
Austin, who married Ruth Primm; and Edwin, 
who died young. 

Tom Kearns, son of Everette, had two children: 
Edwin, who married Nancy Little; and George. 
Austin, Everette's other son, had one child, Ray. 



*** 



Other children of Thomas and Rebecca Ivy 
Kearns were Nancy (born April 12, 1802), who 
married Joel Kimbel; Mary (born April 27, 1805), 
married to James Cameron; Sallie (born August, 
1807), married to Martin Luther; Annie (born 
Feb. 21, 1812), who married Elisha Hancock; 
Silas (born Mar. 7, 1814), married to Dorcas 
Lassiter; Hannah (born Sept. 1, 1816), married to 
Richard Loflin; John (born Sept. 30, 1818), mar- 
ried to Margaret Feazier; Elizabeth (born Jan. 29, 
1821), married to Harris Johnson; and Martha 
(born Sept. 13, 1823), married to Stephen Harris. 




Left to right: Lenora Elizabeth Lassiter Kearns, Hattie Bran- 
son Kearns Fuller, Bessie Wood Kearns Kearns, Mabel Flet- 
cher Kearns Fuller, and Clyde Lassiter Kearns. 



Calier Kearns, a leading citizen of Farmer at 
the turn of the century, was a great grandson of 
William T. and Mary King Kearns, being traced 
through his father Isaac Kearns II and Mary Steed 




Mr. and Mrs. Everette Kearns and their sons Austin and Tom. 



ILL 




The Calier Steed Kearns Reunion. 



Kearns, and his grandfather Isaac Kearns I, son of 
Wm. T. Kearns. 

Calier Kearns married Mary Plummer some 
time in the latter half of the Nineteenth Century, 



and to them are listed three sons and a daughter: 
Marvin, Harris, Frank, and Emma. 

Marvin Kearns married Bessie Kearns, 
daughter of Samuel Wood Kearns, and they had 




Mary Plummer Kearns and grandchildren. 



seven children: Luna, who married Harry L. 
Hames; Lewis, who married Mildred Hames; 
Ethel, who married Wm. Hendon Hogshead; Vi- 
vian, who married Dr. Eben H. Toole; Eugene, 
married to Alta Matthews; David, married to 
Margaret Davis; and Dale, who married Jewell 
Kerns. 

Lewis Kearns had two children: Barbara Scott, 
who married George Barker, and Beverly, who 
died young. Ethel Hogshead had twins: William 
and Jean. Eugene had a son, Eugene, Jr.; Dale 
had a daughter Rebecca. 

*** 

Harris Kearns married Myrtle Fuller and had 
five children: Walter, who married Olive Meador; 
Elbert, who married Dorothy Hubbard (Dr. Hub- 
bard's daughter); Juanita, who married the Rev. 
Walter Lee Lanier; Alton, who married Edith 
Seaboch; and Hazel, who married the Rev. Clyde 
S. Boggs. 

Walter Kearns had three children: Olivia, 
Fuller, and Margaret. Elbert had one daughter, 
Elberta. Alton had a daughter, Mary. Hazel 
Boggs had two children, James and Nita. 

Elberta Kearns married Marvin Watkins and 
had three children: Daniel, Laura, and Beth. 
Mary Kearns married Robert Park and to them 
were born two children, Robert, Jr., and Mary 
Catherine. 




The children of Mr. and Mrs. J. Harris Kearns: Elbert, 
Hazel, Alton, Juanita, and Walter. 




Mr. and Mrs. J. Harris Kearns about 1898. Son Elbert stands 
in front with his brother Walter standing behind him. 




Wedding picture of Elbert Kearns and Dorothy Kearns. 
Taken at Dr. Hubbard's home, April 4, 1921. 



114 




The Harris Kearns home. 



Frank Kearns married Anna Lassiter. Four 
children were born to them: Wade, who married 
Ruhama Coltrane; Velon, who married Earl 
Kearns; Fay, who married Earl Shaw; and Thomas 
Franklin, who married Nina Jackson. 

To Wade were born two children: Evelyn and 
Waldene. Velon had two children: Earl Wayne 
and Wilma Ann. Fay Kearns Shaw also had two 
children, William Kearns and Mack Ray. 

*** 

Emma Kearns married William Watson and 
they had five children: Willie, who was killed in 
World War I; Odel; Mary Lee, who married Bon- 
ner Hall; Emma Leah; and Ruth, who married a 

Scarboro. 

*** 

Wilson Kearns, a brother to Alson and Calier 
Kearns, married Miss Jackson and they had the 
following children: Hal, who married Ola Parrish; 
Kate, who married Carr Parrish, and Cletus 
(Clete), who married Jack Lowe. 




Wade, Velon and Fay Kearns. 



'M 




Earl and Velon Kearns Wedding party. Back row, left to right: Virden Kearns, Nannie Welborn Kearns. First Row, left to 
right: Tommy Kearns, Earl Kearns and Bride Velon Kearns, Lucille Cranford, (standing in front of Bride and Groom.) Rev. 
Rathburn. Faye Kearns standing left and behind Earl Kearns. Nan Vuncannon behind Tommy Kearns. Jeff Vuncannon right 
of Bride. 



Nathan Virden Kearns, whose parents wete 
Lyndon and Sarah Hammond Kearns, married 
Willie Shaw, daughter of Jesse and Amanda Har- 
dister Shaw. They had four sons: Fulton, who 
married twice — to Ella Morris first, then to Jessie 
Shaw; Reid, who married Cammie Nance; Coy, 



who married Susie Sexton; and Earl, who married 
Velon Kearns. 

In later life "Vird" Kearns, whose home was in 
the Second Creek Community, remarried — the 
second time to Nannie Bingham Welborn, the 
widow of Arthur Welborn. 




The Virden Kearns family. Reid, Virden (Vird), Fulton, Willie Shaw Kearns, Earl Kearns (infant), 
and Coy. 



12.6 




Coy Kearns 

The Martin and Renda Adams Kearns family 
traces its lineage back to William T. and Mary 
King Keerans through Isaac Kearns, Jr., Martin's 
father, son of Isaac, Sr., the son of William T. 
and Mary King Keerans. 




Reid Kearns 

Martin had five children: Edgar, who married 
Clarinda Ellington; Orpheus, who married Janie 
Plummer; Lula, who married Roland Kearns; 
Junius, who married Rosa Plummer; and Irvin, 
who married Emma Dorsett. 




The "Granny" Kearns home (Mrs. Martin Kearns). Other residents have been Summerneld Loflin, Lineberry Hill, Fletcher 
Ridge, and Clem Allred. 



12-7 




The John Orpheus Kearns family. Joseph Wade (Joe), George Orpheus, John Orpheus (Orph), Fred Martin, Lucille (Polly), 
Corrina Jane (Jannie) Plummer Kearns, John Edgar (Bud). Yet unborn were the other children: Estley Ernest (Es), Herbert 
Plummer (Hub), and Fletcher Dermont (Bid). 




The Orpheus and Janie Plummer Kearns home. 

Edgar had two children, Neal and Madge. Neal 
married Janie Cranford and had one child Ma- 
jorie, who married Louis Hoffman . Madge mar- 
ried R.F. Bracken and had two children, Bennett 
and Bobby. 




Orpheus Kearns's children: Estley, Herbert, Edgar (Bud), 
Mrs. Janie, Dermont (Bid), George, Joe, Lucille (Polly), 
Fred. Picture taken between 1938 and 1950. 

Orpheus ("Orph") Kearns and his wife Janie 
had eight children: Fred, who married Allie 
Lambeth; Edgar, who married Willie Loyd; Joe, 
who married Dolly Vickery; George, who married 
Pearl Tant; Lucille, married to Kingston Gregg; 
Estley, to Alene Kearns; Herbert, to Ruth Skeen 
first, then to Forrest Kearns; and Dermont (Bid), 
to Annie Lee Brewer. 

Fred Kearns had one child, Fred Jr., who mar- 
ried Wilma Briles. Joe had one son, Jack, who 



12.8 



married Jean Jones. Jack's children are Joe, Eddie, 
and Lynn. George had two children, Howard and 
Helen. Howard married Ferrell Hughes and 
Helen married George Briggs. Lucille Kearns 
Gregg had three children: William, George, and 
Lucille, the latter marrying Dalton Beamon. 
Estley Kearns had two children, Carol and Jane. 
Herbert had two sons, Richard and Reece by his 
first wife; and a daughter, Nancy Jean, by his sec- 
ond. Richard married Rachael Knight and they 
had two children: Linda, who married James 
Solomon, Jr.; and Janet, who married Richard 
Thomas. Reece married Elizabeth Barnhart and 
had two children, John and Renda. Nancy Jean 
Kearns married Roger Jewett and had four 
children: Mark, Timberly, Franklin, andj. Scott. 
Dermont, the youngest of the family, had two 
sons, Kenny and Terry. 




Jane and Carol Ann Kearns. 



Lula Kearns, the only daughter of Martin, mar- 
ried Roland Kearns and they had seven children: 
Pearl, who married Jack Davis; Eugene, married 
to Chloe Allen; Dora, married to Clendon 
Lowdermilk; Clara, to Emory Walker; Lester, to 
Carrie Lee Ingram; Claude, to Ruth Way; and 
Wilbur, married to Cleta Mae Ragsdale. 

Eugene, son of Lula and Roland Kearns, had 
three children: Norma Jean; Shirley Anne, who 
married Forrest Price; and Reid, who married Lois 
Brown. Dora Lowdermilk had three: Reba, who 
married Bob Benbow; Max, who married Mary 
Dettor; and Emma Lou, who married Bobby 




Janie Kearns and grandchildren of Farmer, N.C. 




m: fl 

The children of Lula and Roland Kearns: Wilbur, Eugene, Pearl (Davis), Claude, Dora (Lowdermilk), Lester, and Clara 
(Walker). 



12.9 



Peterson. Clara Walker had a daughter Ruby, 
who married Jim Alexander and had two chil- 
dren, Ann and Brenda. Lester Kearns had a son, 
J.R., who married "Pat" Spiner had three 
children. Claude had two daughters, Carolyn and 
Nancy, the latter wed to Larry Trotter. Wilbur 
had two sons. Neal, married to Elaine Albright; 
and John, to Susie Bulla. John had a daughter 
Sandy. 

Junius Kearns, the third son of Martin Kearns, 
had four children: Louise, who married Hamp 
Turpin; Sidney, who married Ruth Pierce Sowers; 
Bernice, who never married; and Earl, married to 
Pearl Davis. 

The last son of Martin Kearns, Irvin had three 
children: Emogene, who married Max Wilson; 
Elizabeth (Libby), who married Charles Loman; 
and Mack. 

*** 

The Henry Kearns family lived in the Salem 
Church Community. The son of Samuel S. and 
Emma Fuller Kearns, he married Mattie Nance, 
daughter of Branson and Gracy Nance Nance. To 
them were born nine children: Howard, wed to 
Allene Surratt; Colon (Dock), did not many; 
Grace Nance, wed to Jasper Wilbourne; Mozelle, 
married Charles Batdorf; Elna, wed to E.C. Cole- 
man; Annie Lee, married John B. Hunt; Florine, 
married to Buford Yates; Allen C, married to 
Margaret Grey; and Oleta, who married Willis 
Carter. 



*** 




The Samuel S. Kearns family. First row: Susan Dicks (wife 
of Henry Harrison Kearns), Samuel S. Kearns, Emma Fuller 
Kearns (wife); Second row: Annie, Henry, Kate. Susan 
Dicks Kearns was the mother of Samuel S. 



Alson Kearns, son of Isaac Kearns II and Mary 
Steed Kearns, married Martha Finch, daughter of 
John H. and Patsy Harris Finch. He lived in the 
Hills Store Post Office area, where he brought up 
eight children: Lora, married to John Watson 
Birkhead; Hattie, who married Will Durham; 
Alice E., married to H. Lee Kearns; Charles E., 
wed to Madge Thompson; Corrina, married to 
David Parsons; John T., (never married); Lee M., 
married to Agnes Johnson; and Sam, (never 
married). 




H. Lee Kearns (1861 - 1927). 




Alice Kearns. 



ijo 



*## 



*#* 



Another Kearns family in the Salem Church 
Community was that of H. Lee Kearns, the son of 
Henry Harrison and Susan Dicks Kearns. He mar- 
ried Alice E. Kearns, daughter of Alson and Mar- 
tha Finch Kearns. He had six children: Worth, 
who married Miss Troy Nance; R. Glenn, wed to 
Lura Sexton first, then to Margaret Beemer; Fleta 
G., wed to Lacy S. Lewis, Sr.; B. Finch, married 
to Canary Johnson; Ina Lee, to W.A. Carter; and 
Allene E., to Estley Kearns. 



psa 




The home of H. Lee and Alice Kearns. 



Clarence Kearns was the son of John Calvin and 
Sarah Virginia Lewis Kearns. He married Ida 
Vuncannon, daughter of Calhoun and Jane 
Phillips Vuncannon, and had five children: 
Virginia, who married Cage Bingham; Glenn, 
wed to Ida Trotter; Callie, who married David 
Bullard first, then Raymond Newman; Clegg, 
married to Hester Monroe; and Blake, wed to 
Oleta Shaw first, then to Exie Lee Loflin. 

The son of Alson and Martha Finch Kearns, 
Charles Elkins Kearns married Madge Thompson, 
and had three children: Matalene, married to Hal 
Luther; Sarah, who married Rev. Henry Lewis; 
and Charles, Jr., who wed Wilma Watts. 



*** 



Of all the Kearnses that once peopled the 
Farmer Community, only one family with that 
name remains today (1981). That is the family of 
Herbert (Hub) Kearns. Of course, many of the 
citizens today are Kearns descendants through 
marriage. 

Herbert is the son of Orpheus and Jane Plum- 
mer Kearns. His first wife was Ruth Skeen, 
daughter of Milton and Fannie Dorsett Skeen. 
Their children were Richard and Reece. His sec- 
ond wife was Forrest Kearns, daughter of John N. 
and Eugenia Kearns Kearns. 

Living in the Bombay area, Carl Kearns, who 
married Louise McKellar, is a brother to Forrest, 




The H. Lee Kearns family: Glenn, Ina Kearns Carter, Alice E. (mother), Fleta Kearns Lewis, and A. Worth. (Missing were 
Allene and Finch). 



I3 1 



Herbert's wife. Also living in the Bombay Com- 
munity is Johnnie Kearns, who matried Allene 
McPhaul. He is the son of Newton Kearns, whose 
wife was Come Haltom, Newton being a brother 
of Forrest and Carl. 




Nancy Carol. Newton married Corrie Haltom and 
to them were born Betsy, Anne, and John. Myrle 
married Wesley Cameron and their children were 
William, Jack, and Martha Sue. Forest married 
Herbert Kearns and had one daughter, Nancy 
Jean who married Roger Jewett. Carl married 
Louise McKeller. No children were born to them. 
Whitman married Jean Roberts and they had two 
children, Thomas and Martha. The John Kearns 
family was reared in the Bombay Community. 



Forrest and Hub Kearns. 



*** 



John Kearns married Eugenia Kearns, and to 
them were born six children: Ruth, Newton, 
Myrle, Forrest, Carl, and Whitman. 

Ruth married Ben Crowell, and they had ten 
children: Catherine, J.D., Robert, John Hill, 
Lucy, Charles, Anna Jean, George, William, and 




John Kearns preparing for trading trip to town. 





John Kearns' Home. 
'3^ 




The John and Eugenia Kearns family. Back row: John Kearns (father), Eugenia Kearns Kearns (mother), Forrest, Carl, and 
Newton; front row: Whitman, Jack Cameron (grandson). 



Elmer O. Kearns (1872- 1939) was the son of 
Silas Whitman and Adeline (Carter) Kearns. On 
October 16, 1898, he married Keturah Cranford 
(1879—1944), the daughter of Martin B. and 
Jane (Cranford) Cranford. He made his home in 
the Bombay section and farmed on a large scale 
for that time. He was also involved in the sawmill 
and lumber business. 

Elmer Kearns had eight children that reached 
adulthood, two to die young and one died as an 
infant. They were Lyde who married John B. 
Ridge, Sr. ; Glenn who married Madeline E. Nat- 
zle; Mary Gladys Kearns and Anner Metter 
Kearns who died young; an unnamed infant son 
was born and died in 1901; Clifford who married 
Elma Robeana Gassett; Marie who married 
Howard T. Wright; Thurlow who married Myrtie 
Lou Jackson; Ethel married to Clyde White; 
Elmer married to Hester Snider; and Lois who 
married Charles W. Modlin. The family later 
moved to High Point, N.C. 




The Elmer Kearns Family. Front Row, left to right: Ethel, 
Lois, Elmer. Second Row, left to right: Marie, Keturah, 
Lyde, Thurlow. Third Row, left to right: Clifford, Glenn. 



•H 



Lenora Lassiter Kearns was born to Micajah and 
Martha Winslow Lassiter near Lassiter's Mill Nov. 
19, 1852. Married to Samuel Wood Kearns in 
1871, she had five children: Mrs. L.M. Kearns 
and Miss Clyde Kearns of Greensboro, and with 
whom she made her home in winter after her hus- 
band's death in 1918; E.T. Kearns, of Thomas- 
ville; Mrs. L.K. Fuller, of Whiteville; and Mrs. 
R.W. Fuller, of Farmer, where she spent her sum- 
mers in later years. 

Educated at the Oak Grove Seminary, she 
joined the Oak Grove Methodist Church, but 
moved her membership to Farmer (Concord) 
after her marriage. She died August 24, 1942, in 
Greensboro, where her funeral was conducted but 
interment was in the Farmer Cemetery and final 
rites were held by the Rev. J.C. Erwin and Rev. 
W.B. Thompson. 

"Miss Nora" and "Sam" Kearns lived on the 
Dunbar Bridge Road east of Farmer in the house 
later known as the Charlie Harris place. The 
daughter Clyde, before she moved to Greens- 
boro, taught music, teaching many of the Farmer 
children, who came to love her and respect her 
talents as a musician. 



Lassiter 




Josiah (Bud) Thomas Lassiter married Elizabeth 
Walker and lived in the Farmer community. To 
them were born four children: Anna, Nancy Jane, 
William Watson and Robert Franklin. 

Anna married Frank Kearns and their children 
were Wade, Velon, Fay and Thomas Franklin. 

Nannie married Jeff Vuncannon. They had no 
children. 

William Watson Lassiter, married Mattie Jane 
Beeson (parents not given). To them were born 
four children: John Hal, who married Sallie 
Perkins; Alma Jean (never married); Maude 
Elizabeth, who married Dr. Paul W. Wager; and 
Henrietta, who married A.B. Campen first, then 
O.C. Newlin. 

Frank Lassiter married Dora Spencer. Their 
children were: Carl Clayton, Robert Glenn, Irving 
Baxter, Lena Lois and Hilda Anna. 




Lenora Lassiter Kearns. 



Anna Lassiter Kearns and Frank Lassiter. 



!34 




The Lassiter Homestead. 





Nan and Jeff Vuncannon 



Will and Mattie Beeson Lassiter. 




The Frank Lassiter Family. Left to Right: Robert Glenn, Carl Clayton, Lena Lois, Dora, Hilda Anna, Irving Baxter. 

I3S 



Lewis 



William Lewis, who settled on land whete the 
Henry Nance family lived, came with two 
brothers, according to handed -down stories, to 
North Carolina from near Roanoke, Va., several 
years before the Civil War. He later bought up 
additional acreages until he had enough land to 
give each child a farm. It is recorded that he mar- 
ried three times: first to Bethany Lassiter, 
daughter of Micajah and Celia Spivey Lassiter; 
second to Mary Smithson, and third to Martha 
(family name lost). 

The children were Mary, who married Osborne 
Elliott; Drew, married to Fannie Rush; Samuel, 
married to Elizabeth Harris; Micajah, married to 
Anna Hodgen; Sallie, married to Lock Ingram; 
Tishia, married to Clark Johnson; Lucy Jane, mar- 
ried to Walter Ingram; Nannie, married to Bud 
Newby; and Adelaide, married to John Horney. 



LOFLIN 



David Loflin married Ethel Smith and made his 
home south of Farmer, rearing a family of five 
children: Henry, who married Edith Hoover; 
Clifford, married to Beulah Hogan; Allene, to 
Alvin McDowell; Leonard, to Elizabeth Hughes 
first, then to Ruth Staley Garner; Cleo, to Ray- 
mond C. Munn. 

Henry's children were Leona and Geraldine; 
Clifford's were Clifford, Jr., Hoyt, Harold, 
Dwight, Kenneth, Wayne, Shyrlin, David Lane, 
and Barbara Jean; Allene's were David L. and 
John Larry; Leonard's were Rebecca and Jerry; 
Cleo had one child Judy. 

David Loflin supervised the building of the 
low- water bridge across the Uwharrie at the coun- 
try club. 



Lowe 



Thomas Lowe (Jan. 27, 1810; Feb. 1, 1861), 
the son of Thomas Lowe, Sr., married Rebecca 
Dunbar, the daughter of John and Sarah Ridge 
Dunbar (The Dunbar Bridge is named for John). 
Rebecca was born June 26, 1819; died June 8, 
1874. The couple had eight children, two of 
which were drowned while young in a creek on 
their farm: John T., Joe, Nereus, Sara Jane, Sam, 
and Safronia were the others. 

John T. married Sallie Rice. To them were born 
Annie, Lizzie, who married Alfred Hoover, and 



Leroy. Joe Lowe went to Indiana when he was a 
young man. Nereus married Mary Jane Rush, 
granddaughter of John Dunbar. They had eight 
children: Ardina, Worth, Stella, Pat, Jack, Doak, 
Louella, and Kate. Sam Lowe married Cinella 
Lewis. 

Sarah Jane Lowe married William Robert Lewis 
and they had two children: Charles and Mont. 
Safronia Lowe married John Cranford. 

John T. Lowe had one grandchild, Duke, who 
married Bessie Lambeth. Their children were 
J.T., Jr.; and Mary Elizabeth. 

Worth Lowe married Louie Johnson, and to 
them were born the following children: Glenn, 
Halbert, Gertrude, N.M., Winburn, and Esther 
Lou. To Stella Lowe, who married Herman 
Johnson, were born Vernon, Madge, Mozelle, 
James, Myrle, Charles, and Jack. Madge married 
George Petters; Mozelle married a William H. 
Coster; Myrle married Van Lanier; Vernon mar- 
ried Evelyn Lee; James married Elizabeth Elmore; 
Jack married Audrey Bush. 

Doak Lowe married Dora Delk and they had 
the following children: Lawson, married to 
Beatrice Chandler; Pallie, to James M. Morris; Vi- 
vian to Lloyd Vuncannon; Kathleen to W.G. 
Siler; Rachel to Henry Irvin; and Johnny, to Sue 
Moran. 

Born to Walter and Pat Lowe Bunch were 
Walter A. Jr., Mary Elizabeth, Patricia Jane, and 
John Charles. Mary Elizabeth married a Love. 

Stella and Herman Johnson, in later life, 
moved to High Point. 




Mr. and Mrs. Doak Lowe. 



156 




The Doak Lowe home today. Built by Manly Fuller, it had been the home of Elmer Steed, Jesse Lambeth, and Tyson Russell. 
The giant oaks are typical of that tree that surrounds most of the older homes in the Farmer area. 




The Children of Doak and Dora Lowe. Left to right: Joann, Kathleen, Pallie, Lawson and wife Beatrice, Rachel, Vivian, John. 

•37 



Luther 



Macon 



The Thomas Elsie Luther family lived in the 
Lassiter's Mill area, and Mrs. Luther (Florence 
Miller) ran the Pipe Post Office for several years. 
He was the son of Josiah and Amma Cranford 
Luther and she was the daughter of Lee and Sarah 
E. Lassiter Miller. The Luthers had four childen: 
Herbert, who married Maude Carter; Hal, who 
married Matalene Kearns first, then Thelma 
Jackson; Bruce, who married Bernice Deaton; and 
Dorothy, who married Ray Eller. 




Elsie Luther holding Hal, Herbert standing and Florence 
Miller Luther. (Bruce and Dorothy not yet born.) 



Lyndon 



Henry Lyndon, one of the first professional 
educators in the Farmer area, moved into the 
county about 1782 and settled on Second Creek 
above the first Kearns home, taking up his abode 
at the same time the Lassiters moved to the place 
later to become known as "Lassiter's Mill." Lyn- 
don lived there, presumably teaching the youth 
of the community, until he died in 1795 at the 
age of 54. He, his wife, and son Josiah are all 
buried in the Kearns' cemetery. The son, a bud- 
ding young lawyer, was stricken in death at 31 
while attending court at Hillsborough in Decem- 
ber, 1815. Since the son left no offspring, the 
Lyndon name did not remain a factor in the 
social, educational and political affairs of the 
Farmer area. 



James Macon married Artimshial Lowdermilk 

and had one daughter Elama (Lama), who mar- 
ried Settle Ellington, to whom was born a 

daughter Ina. 

**# 

Gideon Macon married Jane Newby and 

became one of Farmer's foremost citizens in the 
early 1900's. His old home, located in the grove 
across the highway from the post office, is the 
oldest remaining dwelling in Farmer. He was ac- 
tive in school and business affairs. 

His children were Edgar, Frank, and Allen Jay. 

Another Gid Macon lived on the Dunbar 
Bridge Road east of the post office in that era. It is 
remembered that he owned the first automobile 
in Farmer. His son was Arthur Macon who oper- 
ated a drug store in Mount Airy for many years. 




Aunt Jane Macon. 



i 3 t 



McMasters 



D.G. McMasters (born Mar. 4, 1839, and died 
Oct. 11, 1918) matried Nancy Kearns and they 
had eight childten: Cora, Sallie, Minnie, Betty, 
Flada, Myrtle, Mary, and Herbert. 

D.G. (Green) McMasters served as a magistrate 
in the county for forty years, served in the Civil 
War, and taught school for a number of years at 
Science Hill Academy. He was born on the Cole- 
ridge Road east of Asheboro, but moved to the 
Farmer area in his early years. 

Sallie McMasters married Columbus Kearns 
and had five children: Flossie, who married 
Erastus Wood; Paul, who married Tidy Need- 
ham; Robert Ivy, who married Nola Wooley; Hal 
W., who married Amy Reece; and Milton, who 
died young. 

Myrtle McMasters married Elmer Steed, and 
they had five children: Virginia; George; Joe, who 



married Bernadine Bell; Bruce; and Thad, who 
married Irish Spoon. 

Born to Betty McMasters, who married Charles 
Lewis, were six children: Dorsey, who married 
Mary Inez Justice, then Althea Presnell; Sam; 
William, who married Helen Hayes; Frances mar- 
ried Fred Hepler; Robert, who married Cly 
Justice; and James. 

Born to Minnie, who married Allen Browning, 
were Max, Allen, and Nancy, who married Gor- 
don Brown; Nell married John Carr. 

Born to Herbert McMasters, who married Ada 
Vuncannon, were Raeford; Eugene, who married 
Maydelle Newman; Daniel, who married Mary 
Kirkman; and Janet, who married Bruce Hilliard. 

Other daughters of D.G. McMasters were 
Flada, who was married twice but had no 
children, marrying James Brookshire first, then 
Perry Coppers; Mary, who married E.L. Tasker 
but remained childless; Cora, who never married. 
Cora ran a ladies' hat shop in Asheboro. 




The D. Green McMasters home built in the late 1700's. Owned at present (1981) by John P. Cranford. 

'39 



Morgan 



Haley Morgan (Nov. 11, 1795-May8, 1873) 
was the grandfather of the older generation of the 
Morgans living in the Asheboro- Farmer area to- 
day (1981). Haley first married a May girl whose 
inability to bear children led to her separation 
from her austere husband (and probably to the 
loss of her first name). After a generous settle- 
ment with the barren wife, having given her some 
$50 or $75 (the exact sum has been forgotten), 
Haley married Martha Miller, who bore him eight 
children that lived to adulthood. They were Liza, 
who married Solomon Tysinger; Noah; Henry; 
Mary Ann, who married Isaac Hoover; John; 
Abigail, who married Henry Lewallen; Joshua; 
and Moses. 

Haley Morgan built his home in a beautiful 
cove in the east shadow of one of the Uwharrie 
Hills in western Randolph County — a hill known 
as "Mitchell's Camp" or "Tiptop Lodge" in the 
Jackson Creek community. There he farmed the 
red hills and lived frugally, rearing his family with 
austerity and strict discipline. Deeply religious, 
inspite of the fact that he "divorced" his first wife, 
he abhorred slavery even when most of his 
neighbors owned them, and gained everything he 
owned by the sweat of his own brow. 

Joshua Morgan, the seventh child (that lived) 
of Haley Morgan, remained at the old home 
place, using a part of the old house complex until 
it burned in the 1920's. The Haley Morgan kit- 
chen was remembered for its fireplace, which was 
wide enough to burn a fence rail in. To Joshua 
and his first wife, Pelina Owen, was born one 
child, Erma. To his second wife, Nelia Harris 
Wicks, were born Leslie, Leta, John, and Dwight. 
Dwight, after a career in the U.S. Navy, as Cap- 
tain, returned to make his home in the Jackson 
Creek community, where he lives today (1981). 
Leslie, after working for many years with the RJ. 
Reynolds Tobacco Company, retired and lives in 
Asheboro. 

Eliza Morgan Tysinger, known by her relatives 
as "Aunt Lizie," lost her husband soon after their 
marriage and lived a widow the remainder of her 
long life, making her home with her brother 
Joshua's family. 

John Morgan, Sheriff Ben Morgan's father, set- 
tled at Shepherd's Mountain. There he reared ten 
children: Ben, Sirona, Sam, "Tebe," Fannie, 
Moleta, Lyde, Verda, Joe and Bessie. Most of 
these children have lived in the Asheboro area. 



Noah Morgan, who made his home in the 
Handy community south of Denton, had six chil- 
dren: Lindsay, Julia, Mattie, Perry, Lydia, and 
Cicero. Lindsay and Cicero went west — to Seattle, 
Washington — to seek their fortunes. The others 
have remained in the area, except for Mattie who 
married Robert Sechrest and later moved to High 
Point. 

Henry Morgan, the only son of Haley Morgan 

not to receive a Bible name, grew restless as a 
teenage boy and asked his father to let him go out 
on his own to seek his fortune. The family story is 
that Henry was given his freedom on the condi- 
tion that he would not, when ultimately the 
Haley Morgan estate would be divided among the 
heirs, lay claim to any part of it. The story further 
relates that Henry, when the stock law was passed 
requiring people to fence the cows and hogs in, 
moved to Arkansas where he could still let his do- 
mesticated animals run free. The final records of 
Haley Morgan do not show Henry as the recipient 
of any portion of the old patriarch's property. 

Moses Morgan, the youngest of Haley Morgan's 

sons, was born October 9, 1862, and died 
September 9, 1922. To further his education- he 
attended the Oak Ridge Institute, entering there 
about 1889. After Oak Ridge, he went to Yadkin 
College, which later became High Point College. 
Following his formal training, he entered the 
teaching profession to spend his life in the class- 
rooms of various schools in Randolph and Moore 
counties. 

On September 4, 1892, he married Flora Bing- 
ham, the daughter of the buggy maker Barnum 
Bingham, and made his home on upper Tom's 
Creek between Farmer and Denton. Then he 
moved back to the Jackson Creek community, 
where most of his children were born. In 1912, 
when many of his children were still of school age, 
he purchased the Ivy Johnson farm and home 
near Farmer and moved there in order for the 
children to attend the Farmer School, which had 
become recognized for its superior quality of 
training. 

To Moses Morgan nine children were born: 
Blanche, who died in infancy; Walter, who mar- 
ried Bertie Mae Chandler, and died at 31; Percy, 
who married Annie Johnson first, then Eunice 
Setzer; Tom, who married Esta Horney; Mabel, 
who married Colon Byrd; Edward, who married 
Myrtle Comer; Ila, who died at 19; Ocia; and 
Sue, who married Zeb Denny. 



140 




The Moses Morgan family about 1913. Front: Sue, Ocia, and Ila; Percy is on the horse, Mabel, Moses, Flora, Tom, and 
Edward. The other son, Walter, was absent. 




The Moses Morgan home. The kitchen and dining portion built originally by John Horney, completed by Ivy Johnson. 
Everette Kearns lived there, then Frank Plummer, from whom the Morgans bought the place in 1912. Ocia Morgan still resides 
there. 



M 1 



Walter had three boys and two girls: Mahlon, 
who married Louise Gibson and had three boys: 
David, Tommy, and Ray; Hoyle, who married 
Thetus Howard, and had two children: Gerald, 
who married Polly Moss, and Judy, who married 
Dr. Danny Biber; Charles, who married Virginia 
Roberts and had two children: Fred, who married 
Wanda ?; and Charlene; Marie, who marriedJ.T. 
McGee, and has three children: Jody, Joyce, and 
Judy; Olene, who married Raymond Snider, and 
has two children: Bonnie, who married Alec 
Calaman; and Stewart. 

Percy, by his first wife, had a daughter Helen, 
who married Jack Nance, and has two daughters: 
Anne, who married Clyde Shaw, Jr. and Kay who 
married J. E. Freeman. 

Tom had one son Graham, who married 
Juanita Wall, and has four children: Mike, who 
married Therese Brandson; Gayle, who married 
Don Crouch; Miriam and Marshall. 

Mabel Byrd has four children: Jack, who mar- 
ried Jean Cummins first, then Joan Hester; Brent, 
who married James Hanner, and has two chil- 
dren: Ellen, who married Steve Robbins; and 
Nan, who married John Medlin; Miriam, who 
married Jerry Campbell; and Elizabeth. 

Sue Denny has three children: Flo, who mar- 
ried Dr. Daniel L. Durway, and has three step- 
children; Stephen, who married Patricia Chase; 
and Sue Morgan. 



Morris 




The John Riley Morris family lived south of 
Farmer in a grove near where the Handy Road in- 
tersects old Highway 49- The son of Nelson and 
Adeline Riley Morris, he married Mary Elizabeth 
Thompson, daughter of Rosetta Russell Kearns 
Thompson, the first time. John and Mary had five 
children: Flaud, who married Lucille Anderson; 
Mamie, who married Chisholm Bisher; Carson; 
Ella, who married Fulton Kearns; and Tula, who 
married Jefferson Ward. 

The Bishers have a son Furman who has made a 
nationwide reputation as a sports writer for an 
Atlanta newspaper. 

In his second marriage John was wed to Celia 
Ingram, the daughter of Locke and Elizabeth 
Steed Ingram. They had a daughter Clara, who 
married Hill Lassiter. 



Mrs. Flora Morgan's family: Tom and Mrs. Morgan in front. 
Back row, left to right: Mabel Byrd, Ocia, Edward, Percy, 
and Sue Denny. 




John Riley Morris and grandson, William. 



142. 




Mary Elizabeth Thompson Morris, first wife of John Riley 
Morris. 




Nance 



Henry C. Nance, one of the trustees of the 
Farmer School when it underwent the transition 
from private institution to public school in 1907, 
married Velna Vuncannon. To them were born 
nine children: Lillie, Kate, Maude, Cammie, 
Clay, Lewis, Byron, Raymond, and Vernon. 

Lillie married Erastus Wood, once a teacher at 
Piney Grove, and they had 3 children: Lula, Ila, 
and Blanche. Kate became a teacher and married 
Arthur Cranford. Maude married the Rev. A.D. 
Shelton. The following children were born to 
them: J. D., Evelyn, Maxine, Helen, and Vistar. 
Cammie married Reid Kearns; Clay married Ven- 
nie Crump, and had one child, Bernard; Lewis 
married Lizzie Hamer, and had three children, 
William, John and Mary Hamer; and Byron mar- 
ried Mae Hudson. 

Raymond, who operated an automobile agency 
in Asheboro, married Verdie White and they had 
3 children: Velna, Max, and James. After Verdie 
died, Raymond married Katie Bell Cagle. Vernon 
Nance married Annie Mitchell, granddaughter of 
Barnum Bingham. To them were born Lucy, Bar- 
bara, Charles, and Henrietta. 



Henry Nance 




Velna Vuncannon Nance. 



Mi 




The children of Henry and Velna Vuncannon Nance. Left to Right: Kate, Maude, Cammie, Clay, Lewis, Byron, Raymond and 
Vernon. (Lillie is not in photo.) 



Allen Nance, (1826- 1914), the son of Hud- 
son Nance, Jr., and Rebecca Ivey Nance, married 
Sarah Ridge (1825-1916), the daughter of 
William and Serena Wood Ridge. Their children 



were Elsevan Branson, who married Grace Nance; 
James C, who died young; Henry C, who mar- 
ried Velna Vuncannon; Dicey M., wed to J.M. 
Pickett; and Ivey C, who married Cora Lowe. 






The Allen Nance home. Clarence Ridge bought it in 1914. His son, Kent owns it at present. 

M4 



Elsevan Branson Nance (1856 — 1904), married 
Grace Nance (1858-1921), daughter of Henry 
and Martha Nance Nance. To this union were 
born seven children: James Cicero, who married 
Elsie Morris first, and then Tidy Reynolds; Cora 
Brown, who died young; Mattie, who married 
Henry Kearns; Carl Green, who married Nannie 
Hill; Sally, who married James Kivett; Troy, wed 
to Worth Kearns; and Essie, who married Ray- 
mond Crowell. 



The Carl G. Nance family lived in the Salem 
Church Community. He married Nannie Hill, a 
daughter of James B. and Rachael Lambeth Hill, 
to whom were born eight children: Branson, who 
married Bruce Noah; Frances, wed to Edward 
Hunt; J. Van, to Helen Fields; Glee, to Roy Ar- 
nold; Ivey, to Miss Troy Jean Nance; Charles, to 
Marguerite Lanier; Lucille, to Ben R. Varner; and 
Dwight, to Earline Davis. 





The Branson and Grace Nance family, Salem Church, N.C. 
Front row: Mattie, Troy, Grace (mother), Essie, Branson 
(father); Second row: Sallie, Carl, Cicero. 



Leona Parrish, wife of Kearney Plummer; and Nannie Hill, 
wife of Carl Nance. 




The Carl Nance men: Branson Nance, Carl (father), Charles, J. Van, Ivey, Dwight, and Allen Kearns, a 
nephew. 



MS 




The Carl Nance home, built circa 1800. 




Pierce 



The Allie Pierce family lived on the Farmer - 
Tabernacle Road near Jackson's Creek. The chil- 
dren were Etta, Ivey, Wilbur, Beatrice, and Ruth. 
They moved to High Point early in this century. 

Oscar Pierce, a brother to Allie, married 
Deborah Moore. They also lived near Jackson's 
Creek and had two children: Farris and Bessie. 
Farris married Mary Tew. Bessie married Walser 
Thornburg. 



RlCHEY 



Carl Nance (1893-1980) at his home. 



J.H. Richey was a large farmer, but became the 
Superintendent of Streets in Asheboro. He mar- 
ried Sadie Moon and they had two sons: Zane, 
who married Frances Hall; and Don, who married 
Delia Rush. 

Mrs. Richey was a charter member of the 
Women's Curb Market on East Salisbury Street in 
Asheboro. 



146 




TheJ.H. Richey Family at their farm. Left to right: Sadie 
Moon Richey, Don, J.H. and Zane. 



Ridge 

Burrell B. Ridge, one of the founders of the 
Farmers Academy in 1882, married Mary M. Rich- 
ardson. They had six children: Robert Baxter, Em- 
ma, Gertrude, Lewis J., Ernest G., and Walter S. 

The only grandchildren were born to Robert 
Baxter who married Beulah Surratt. The children 
were Faedene, Baxter, Finch, Casper, Dorothy, 
Margaret, and William. Faedene married Richard 
Kirk and Gertrude married Dockery (Duck) 
Thornburg. 



Emma and Ernest Ridge became teachers and 
taught in the local schools for many years. 
Faedene Ridge Kirk also had a teaching career. 

The Ridge home was a part of the original 
Horney tract and was located on Jackson Creek 
above the bridge on the Farmer- Tabernacle 
Road. 



Rush 

Warren Rush, the son of Alson and Martisha 
Lewis Rush, married Delia Cooper first, then 
Sarah Henley. 

To Delia Cooper Rush were born seven chil- 
dren: Effie, who married Ed Winfrey; James, 
married to Vida Cornelison; Zeb, to Ruby Ijames; 
Glenn, to Maggie Beasley; Richard, to Anna 
Burge; George, to Nellie Ring; Jessie, to Ralph 
Branch. To Sarah Henley Rush were born four 
children: Nancy, married to Edward Cagle; 
Robert, to Violet Brown; Alson, to Ulah Hughes; 
Mary Anne, to Judd Russell. 

James Rush had two children, Delia and Doris. 
Delia married Don Richey and Doris married 
W.A. Hammond. George Rush had two, Joan 
and Hurley. Jessie Branch had two, Wanda and 
Brown. Nancy Cagle had two, Charles and Hilda. 
Robert Rush had one, Janice. Mary Anne Russell 
had five, Sarah Jane, Cathy Anne, Nancy, Teresa, 
and Joseph. 




Warren Rush and wife Sarah at their home. 

M7 



Snider 



Thomas Walter Snider was married twice : first to 
Ella Peacock, who bore him two children; then to 
Mary Leona Trotter, by whom he had ten children. 

His first wife's children were Dorothy, who 
married Hubert White; and Thomas Dalton, who 
married Louise Hughes. 

His second wife's children were Frances Col- 
leen, who married Paul Edgar Apple; Gladys 
Elizabeth, who married Fred Routh; Dwight 
Eugene, who married Avaline Richardson; Ruth 
Leona, who married Bobby Leonard first, then 
David Bradshaw; John William, who married Im- 
ogene Nelson; Clyatt Lester, who married 
Yvonne Adams; Jack London, who married Joyce 
Williams; Nancy Ellen, who married Ronald 
Pierce; and Dewey Wayne, who married Maude 
Murphy. 



Spencer 



The Enos Spencer family lived across the fields 
and woods from the Moses Morgan home in 
Farmer for many years. Enos, the son of Michael 
Spencer, married Mattie Steed and to them were 
born six children — all girls. Lula, who became a 
teacher, married Tate McCurry; Edith married 
Ray Talley; Anna, to Joseph Steppe; and Berta, to 
Guy Norton. Lenora married and lived in Florida. 
The entire family later moved to Marion, N.C. 



* 




The Walter Snider home. 



Thornburg 



William Penn Thornburg lived in the Hill's 
Store — Rachel Post Office area and reared eight 
children. He was the son of Joe and Eliza Jane 
Hardister Thornburg, and married Middle Lee 
Loflin, daughter of Clark and Elizabeth Kearns 
Loflin. His children were Walter, who married 
Esther Leach; Edward Ray, wed to Ada Shaw; 
Clie, married to Raymond Osborne; Hal, to Ida 
Hampton; Rom, to Annie Johnson; Holton, to 
Thelma Deaton; Clark, married Grace Garner; 
and Val, who married Gladys Branson. 




The Walter Snider family made in 1947. Front row, left to right: Dorothy White holding Jean White, Walter Snider sitting 
and holding Donald White, Nancy Snider, Mary Snider sitting and holding Dewey Snider, Jack Snider, Clyatt Snider, and 
Charles White; Second row: Hubert White, Colleen Apple, Gladys Routh, Rachael Snider, Ruth Snider. Missing from the pic- 
ture were John, Dwight, and Dalton. Hubert White is a son-in-law of Walter Snider. 

148 




Mr. and Mrs. W.P. Thornburg and family at 50th Wedding Anniversary. First Row, left to right. E.W. Thornburg, William 
Penn Thornburg, Middie Lee Loflin Thornburg, Val Thornburg, Clark Thornburg. Second Row, left to right: Holtom Thorn- 
burg, Walter Thornburg, Clie Thornburg Osborne, Hal Thornburg, Rom Thornburg. 





The Penn Thornburg Farmhouse. 



The Joe Thornburg Home; later the Duckery Thornburg 
Home. 



•49 



Wham 



J.R. Wham, who married Marie Ector, farmed 
and was employed by the Carolina Light and 
Power Company in Asheboro. He had two chil- 
dren: Joseph and Miriam. 

Joseph married Nannie Welborn and had three 
children: Nancy, who married James Tucker; Sue, 
who married John Webster; and Peggy, who mar- 
ried Jerry Tutterow. 

Miriam married Donald Ridge and they were 
blessed with two children: Julia, married to Jerry 
Callicutt; and John W., married to Sharon 
Powell. 




J.R. Wham. 





Joseph Wham. 




Miriam Wham Ridge. 



WlNSLOW 



Marie Ector Wham. 



The family of Claude Winslow lived on the old 
Highway 49 northeast of Farmer, where he and 
his wife Mary Barber Winslow reared ten chil- 
dren. He was the son of William and Sallie 
Wilson Winslow. The children were Sandy, who 
married Gertrude Lowe; Allene, married to Jack 
Wright first, then to Mr. Boaz; Vera, to James 
Stewart; Nathan, to Mary Hughes; Leola, to Clif- 
ford Cashatt; Dorothy, to George McDowell; 
Clifford, to Dorothy Yates; Pauline (never mar- 
ried); Worth, to Dorothy O'Quinn; and Annie 
Belle, who married James Hoofner (?). 



i S o 



Sandy had three children, Hal Worth, Jasper, 
and Claude; Allene, a son by her first husband, 
Jacky W.; Nathan had one son William; Leola 
had a daughter Norma Jean; Dorothy had five, 
Carolyn, Kenneth, Jerry, Nolan, and Steve; Clif- 
ford had four, Neil, Beverly, Debbie, and Gregg; 
Worth, two children, Sylvia and Ronald; Annie 
Bell, six, Alvin, Melvin, Sandra, Darlene, Terry, 
and Fayette. 



Wood 

The Wood family, one of the earliest in the 
larger Farmer area, have many descendants still 
living in the county, although the name "Wood" 
is not predominant at this period. The descen- 
dants are found notably among the Kimballs and 
the Harrises. 

Captain William Wood (born 1738 and died 
April 26, 1804) came from the Eastern Shore of 
Maryland or Virginia to settle in Randolph Coun- 
ty in 1779, the year the county was formed from 
Rowan and Guilford. He secured land on Tom's 
Creek west of Farmer, possibly as a grant from the 
state for having served in the Revolutionary War. 
In the meantime, he had married Martha Ken- 
drick (born Jan. 7, 1747, and died Feb. 1814) on 
May 28, 1764. 

William Wood served in the Revolutionary 
War as a Captain, thus the title (Book A, N.C. 
Rev. War Acct. Report #42). 

To the Captain and his wife was born a son 
Jones Kendrick, on July 6, 1790 (death date 
uncertain). Jones married Ruth Dunn Loflin 
(born April 28, 1793, and died Mar. 28, 1869). 
Jones continued to live on his father's farm and 
reared his family there, where his father, Captain 
Wood and his wife were buried, in the plot 
known as the "Wood Cemetery." 

Fernando Wood, whose father was William 
Wood (the son perhaps of Jones Kendrick Wood 
of Revolutionary War fame), lived about three 
miles west of Farmer on the Denton Road. Never 
married, he served as the head -of- the -household 
for his sisters, Cornelia, Bertha, Dora, and their 
children: Orville, Birdie, and Vernie. Fernando 
was noted for his pride in his forefathers. 



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Anniversaries 




Mr. and Mrs. Carson Cranford 

70TH Anniversary (May 2.8, 1981) 



iS4 




Mr. and Mrs. Grady Cranford 

50TH Anniversary (March 1966) 

Front Row, left to right: Tony Cranford, Mrs. Grady Cranford, Mr. Grady Cranford, Hilda Jean Sink; Back Row, left to right: 
Delbert Cranford, Faye Delk Cranford, Martin Cranford, Ray Carter Sink, Emogene Cranford Sink, Raymond O. Sink. 



ISS 




Mr. and Mrs. R.L. Davis 

6oth Anniversary (December 1969) 

Left to right: Frances Jernigan, Lillian Bunting, R.L. (Bob) Davis, Hoyt Davis, Metta Russell Davis. 



.56 




Mr. and Mrs. Madison Hammond 

6oth Anniversary (December 1953) 




Children of Madison Hammond at 60th Wedding Anniversary: Carl, Bob, Leah, Paul and Tom. 

[ 57 




Mr. and Mrs. A. Rhtd Kearns 

50TH Anniversary (December 1973) 



158 





Mr. and Mrs. Henry Nance 

50TH Anniversary (May 1933) 



!59 




Mr. and Mrs. William Penn Thornburg 

50TH Anniversary (October 1947) 



First Row, left to right: E.W. Thornburg, William Penn Thornburg, Middie Lee Loflin Thornburg, Val Thornburg and Clark 
Thornburg. Second Row, left to right: Holton Thornburg, Walter Thornburg, Che Thornburg Osborne, Hal Thornburg and 
Rom Thornburg. 

160 



4 

Individuals 



Buggy Making Near Farmer 

"Tom" Bingham, of Farmer, might well be 
called the "Last of the Buggy Makers." 

He is the only survivor of the Bingham Buggy 
Co. whose products were well known and widely 
used throughout the counties of Randolph, 
Montgomery, Davidson, and Guilford during the 
three decades following the close of the War be- 
tween the States. 

Bingham, who was christened Thomas William 
84 years ago, recalls his buggy -making days with 
vividness, as well as with zest. 

"We made some mighty pretty buggies," he 
says, "especially the phaeton with the top that 
could be folded down. It was light but sturdily 
built, and equipped with shafts for a single horse 
or with a pole for a team. It carried five or six 
passengers." 

The Bingham buggy industry started a long 
time before he was born. His father, L.G.B. 
Bingham, gave his services to the Confederate 
cause in the industries necessary for carrying on 
the battle in the field; and after peace came, he 
returned home to use his acquired skills in keep- 
ing the wheels of his fellowman rolling. He 
opened a repair shop for wagons and buggies. His 
skill and reputation grew, so that he soon found 
himself swamped with work. He hired help and 
concentrated his efforts on buggy repair, since the 
skilled and finished work required for the buggies 
appealed to his artistic temperament. 

Manufacturing buggies with the "Bingham" 
label was a natural outgrowth. Shops and men 
that had been used in rebuilding wornout bug- 
gies were easily converted into shops and men 
that built new ones. 

Bingham manufactured his buggies at the 
Bingham home in Randolph County, the first one 
being turned out in 1870 and the final one being 
constructed in 1897. The Bingham home, which 
served as the Flora post office for a number of 
years, was located about 16 miles west of Ashe- 
boro on one of the main roads to Davidson Coun- 



ty and Lexington. It was about a mile southeast of 
the Canaan Methodist Church, which still flour- 
ishes today. 

"I was too young to learn one of the trades 
before my father gave up the business," Bingham 
says. "Cheaper buggies, not so well made as ours, 
began coming in from the North. My father 
would not lower the quality of his buggies; there- 
fore, we could not make them and sell them at 
enough profit to keep us in the business." 

Became Family Affair 

After three sons became old enough to learn 
the various trades, they took over the skilled 
work, some member of the family doing every- 
thing except the finished paint job. An expert 
had to be hired for that until the business closed. 

The oldest son, John Webster, known as 
"Webb," became the expert in wood work. He 
fashioned the body and fitted the wood parts to 
the running gear. After the business closed he 
followed carpentry and cabinet making for the re- 
mainder of his life. He made his home near 
Farmer, where he died in 1927. 

The second son, Warren Lewis Greenberry, 
usually called "Green," took over the important 
job of blacksmith as soon as he grew up. From the 
open forge with its hand operated bellows, he 
fashioned the iron frame for the dash, the metal 
strips for the body, shafts, and single trees. In 
later years Green Bingham made his home in 
Denton where he ran a blacksmith and repair 
shop until his death in 1936. 

Tom, the youngest son, ran the farm which his 
father operated on the side, and served as general 
helper throughout the saops. 

"Drilling holes through buggy tires from morn- 
ing until night with a hand-operated drill press," 
he recalls, "was a day's work to be remembered." 

He took up sawmilling after the buggy making 
days were over and followed that until he retired a 
few years ago. 

Sold Over Wide Area 
Bingham buggies, built at the rate of about 40 



161 



per year, were sold to people over a large section 
of Central North Carolina, even though most of 
the vehicles were disposed of at the plant. Some 
were taken, however, to places of public gather- 
ings and displayed for sale. Bingham recalls the 
trips he made with his father to the Troy Court- 
house in Montgomery County during Court 
week. They usually took about a half dozen of 
various types, put up at the George Allen Hotel, 
and stayed there until court adjourned or the 
buggies were sold. Colonel Simmons, of Troy, 
often bought the mortgages given to the Bing- 
hams for their buggies — evidence that that in- 
stallment buying isn't entirely a child of the 20th 
Century. 

Prices on the Bingham Buggy ranged from 
$52.50 for the standard single seater to $140.00 
for the double seater phaeton with the folding 
top. If a canopy top were added to the single 
seater, the price increased about $10. A folding 
top, a better grade of wheels, and a little extra 
trim called for an increase of about $20.00. 

From about 1880 to 1890, the cart became 
fashionable. The standard cart was cheaper than 
the buggy, but the deluxe model, with especially 
designed springs to take the jolt out of a horse's 
trot, ran about the same price as the standard 
buggy. 

Dr. Allison Fuller, who had a wide practice in 
the western end of Randolph County around the 
turn of the century, owned at least two of the 
Bingham buggies. After making his rounds for 
many years on horseback, he bought a buggy and 
a cart from the Binghams and continued to use 
them until his death. Many people in High Point, 
Greensboro, and Lexington owned a Bingham 
product. 

Although the six daughters of the Binghams 
did not actually take part in the construction of 
the buggies, they contributed their share in 
household and farm chores. They carded the cot- 
ton and wool, then spun them into thread, and 
wove them into linens and clothes. They cooked 
and fed and nursed. 

Two sisters live to share the memory of the 
buggy -making days with Tom. They are Mrs. 
T.W. Mitchell, of Denton; and Mrs. W.F. Talley, 
Sr., of Randleman. Other daughters were Mrs. 
M.N. Morgan, of Farmer; Mrs. "Lum" Ridge, of 
Canaan; Mrs. Arthur Welborn, of Farmer; and 
Mrs. C.G. Loflin of Denton. 

From an article by Zeb Denny appearing in The High Point 
Enterprise Sunday, June 22, 1958. 



Nixon Cranford 
Publisher 



At least one Cranford was recognized for his 
distinguished career in the publishing business, 
becoming associated with the Journal Publishing 
Company of Winston- Salem in 1910. He worked 
with the newspaper, the Winston- SAcm. Journal - 
Sentinel, for many years, rising to the presidency 
of the company eventually. 

After taking a business course at Oak Ridge In- 
stitute, Nixon L. Cranford taught for two years in 
the local schools before going to Winston- Salem 
where he joined the Taylor Bros. Tobacco Com- 
pany and worked five years. He then entered the 
clothing business but sold his store in 1913 to take 
a job with the United States Revenue Service, a 
job he held until 1918 when he took up full time 
duties with the newspaper. 

Nixon L. Cranford, the son of Martin and Jane 
Cranford Cranford, married Jennie P. Clingman, 
the daughtet of Dr. J.J. Clingman and his wife 
Cora Hackett Clingman, of Huntsville, Yadkin 
County. Nixon was the great- great- grandson of 
William Cranford, the first Cranford to appear on 
the Montgomery County tax list back in 1790. 
Presumably John Cranford — the father of Joshua, 
Ivy, Martin, Milton, Nathan, Margaret, Mary, 
and Laura — was the grandson of William. 

Martin Cranford, the first to live in Randolph 
County, bought land in New Hope township, 
moved his family there, and lived in that place 
until his demise in 1911. His children, in addi- 
tion to Nixon, were Lewis, John, Ernest, Ivy, 
Grady, Martha, Keturah, and Bessie. 

Nixon L. Cranford was the past master of 
Salem Lodge No. 289, Ancient Free and Ac- 
cepted Masons, and was affiliated with Winston 
Lodge No. 449 of the Benevolent and Protective 
Order of Elks. 

Nixon L. Cranford was born December 19, 
1869 and died January 23, 1930. 



Mrs. Ossle Cranford 

At her death, the Farmer Extension Home- 
makers club honored Mrs. Grady (Ossie) Cran- 
ford with a resolution of appreciation. 

The resolution read: "A person respected and 
appreciated by all who knew her, always faithful 
and interested in her club, the best neighbor 



161 



possible, always gracious and willing to be helpful 
in all circumstances. A pillar of the Oak Grove 
Methodist Church. An inspiration to her family, 
her pleasant personality endeared her to the 
Farmer Community where she lived her entire 
life, as well as to those touched by her elsewhere." 




Nixon L. Cranford 



^ 





J. Hyatt Hammond 

J. Hyatt Hammond, son of Bob Hammond 

and grandson of Madison Hammond, has, in his 
54 years, built a state-wide reputation among the 
architects and builders of North Carolina. He has 
gained that recognition from his works: the state 
zoo, Bryan Center north of Greensboro, Guilford 
Technical Institute, parts of A&T State Uni- 
versity, renovation of downtown Greensboro, and 
refurbishing Montaldo's. 

Since he opened his own office in Asheboro in 
1957, after terminating a four-year partnership, 
he has seen his business grow from $100,000 to 
$20 million per year today. His brochure states 
the principles upon which his success is based: 
"Our fundamental principle in approaching a 
project is that the architecture is for the people. 
Elegance, space, style, efficiency, economy, and 
durability are still as important as ever, but 
today's most pressing need is for humane spaces 
in which people can happily work and play. . ." 

Hammond lists the Bryan Park Enrichment 
Center as his favorite project thus far. His most 
interesting work has been the construction of the 
North Carolina Zoo near Asheboro, where he has 
completed habitats for elephants, rhinos, chim- 
panzees, lions, and baboons, and a maintenance 




Mrs. Grady (Ossie) Cranford. 



J. Hyatt Hammond. In the background is a drawing of the 
African Continent at the North Carolina Zoological Park. In 
the foreground is a scale model of downtown Greensboro. 
Hammond is pointing to the Jefferson Standard Building in 
the center of the city. 



163 




The Home of J. Hyatt Hammond. 



and operations center. His company is now work- 
ing on the African veldt (pasture) and the zoo 
tramway. 

As a young man, the distinguished looking 
architect says that "I always liked art and was fasci- 
nated by buildings. In the summer after I was old 
enough to work, you'd always find me on a con- 
struction job." 

After finishing high school at Farmer at 17, he 
joined the U.S. Navy and spent the next four 
years on a minesweeper. Out of service, he 
entered N.C. State University at Raleigh to study 
architecture, receiving his degree in 1953. 

Since 1957, Hammond and Associates has 
drawn the plans and supervised the construction of 
some 400 projects, including schools, (one with a 
planetarium), community and technical colleges, 
university buildings, libraries, business structures, 
renovations, and rehabilitation centers. 

"The greatest satisfaction in the profession," 
Hammond says, "is to see a facility in full use, 
meeting every goal set for it." 

Hammond and his wife make their home in 
the renovated Molly Skeen place on the Jackson 
Creek road north of Farmer. 



Sherman Hoover 



Sherman Hoover, who lived in the Jackson 
Creek Community, went to Washington, D.C., 
and got a job of important reponsibility in the 
Treasury Department. 

Dr. Hubbard 

The Guardian Angel of Farmer's Welfare 

News of the death Thursday, August 10, 1944, 
of Dr. Charles Calvin Hubbard, 76, at his home 
in Farmer, was received by his hundreds of friends 
throughout the county and state with a feeling of 
deep regret and sadness. Each felt a keen loss of a 
personal friend and counselor. While his friends 
generally knew he was not in robust health, his 
death came unexpectedly. 

Dr. Hubbard, who was said by some to be the 
most outstanding man ever to live in Farmer, was 
a native of Wilkes County, where he was born 
January 14, 1868, the son of William and Jane 
Saner Hubbard (members of one of Wilkes' fore- 
most families). At the age of 17 he began his 



164 




The Dr. Charles C. Hubbard home. Built in 1905 by Marvin Kearns. 



studies of medicine under the late Dr. Larry 
Stokes, of Wilkesboro, and a year later entered 
Jefferson College, Philadelphia, completing a 
two-year course and receiving his diploma in 
April, 1888. 

After practicing in Wilkes and at Worthville in 
Randolph County, he came to Farmer in 1908. 
He was married June 21, 1893, to 'Frances Porter, 
of Asheboro, a first cousin of William Sidney 
Porter (O. Henry). She had been a teacher in the 
Randolph County schools. She preceded him in 
death, having died November 16, 1943. They 
had two children: Dorothy, who married Elbert 
Kearns and lived in Greensboro; and Hope, who 
lived in Farmer until her death in 1977. Dorothy 
and Elbert Kearns were killed in an automobile 
accident in 1977. 

As a resident of Farmer, Dr. Hubbard worked 
unceasingly for the Sunday School program and 
for temperance and prohibition. He served the 
Randolph County Medical Society from 1892 un- 
til his death. For several years he was an honorary 
fellow of the North Carolina Medical Society. 

Dr. Hubbard was a member of the Science Hill 
Monthly Meeting of Friends and had been an 




Dr. C.C. Hubbard. 



elder for many years, contributing liberally to all 
his church's activities. 

After a funeral in the Science Hill Friends 
Meeting house conducted by the Rev. Seth Hin- 
shaw, Dr. Hubbard was buried in the Asheboro 
City cemetery. 

An excerpt from a tribute written about Dr. 
Hubbard at his death conveys something of the 
respect and esteem the community held for him. 
The writer was one who, as a child and young 
adult, had known the kindness of the doctor and 
his wife, as well as the hospitality of their home. 

"He had not only carved upon the human 
spirit," the writer said, "but the principles he 
fought for so long and ably bore the double stamp 
of righteousness and enlightment." 



My Story: 
Dr. Charles C. Hubbard 

by Sue Morgan Denny 

Never would I take anything away from 
modern medicine with its many new drugs, its 
wonderful equipment, or its highly trained spe- 
cialists. But I would like to pay tribute to the skill, 
patience, bed-side manner and know-how of the 
country practictioner of yesteryear. 

Once when I was three, my six year old sister 
and I, sat playing on the back steps of our home 
with an old steel strap. In trying to keep Sister 
from getting the trap from me, I fell backwards 
off the steps on some rocks. 

I screamed and lay where I landed until 
Mother, who was watching us from the back 
porch, told Sister to bring me to her. Mother 
noticed that when she touched my left arm, I 
yelled louder. When she gently moved my arm, 
she heard the bones make a crunching sound, she 
said. 

Papa, came in , examined my arm, and agreed 
that it was broken. He called Dr. Charles C. Hub- 
bard, whose home and office (one and the same) 
were about a mile away. His wife said the doctor 
was on a call in the lower end of the county and 
that it would probably be late when he returned. 
He was still traveling by horse and buggy at that 
time. 

It was dark when Dr. Hubbard phoned my 
parents, saying he would rather wait until morn- 
ing to set my arm because oil lamps would not 
furnish him enough light. He also said he did not 



want to disturb me since I had cried myself to 
sleep. 

"Don't let her have any breakfast," he added. 

Morning and the doctor came. He examined 
my arm carefully using only his eyes and fingers, 
the xray not having arrived in Randolph County 
at that time. After the examination, he shook his 
head and announced, "A crushed elbow, one of 
the worst places to have a break." 

Someone held a chloroform mask to my nose 
until I was safely asleep. Then with those deft 
fingers of his, the doctor set the bones in the 
swollen elbow, which had been broken eighteen 
hours earlier. 

After the "operation" he told my parents: 
"Your child may never be able to straighten her 
arm or carry any weight in her hand, but I have 
set it in such a position that she can feed herself if 
nothing more." 

After I had worn a heavy cast for weeks, the day 
came when, with great anxiety and eagerness, Dr. 
Hubbard removed it. He touched my arm gently, 
moving it ever so slightly. His face lighted with 

"Time will tell," he said, "but I believe the arm 
is going to be all right." 

From that day until I was a college student, Dr. 
Hubbard examined my arm almost everytime he 
saw me. Each time his face would light up with 
pride in his own work and with happiness over 
the fact that I had not been maimed for life. 




Sue Morgan Denny. 



166 



This article appeared in the Charlotte Observer in 1970. Sue 
Morgan Denny grew up in Farmer and finished high school 
there in 1928. She is a graduate of High Point College. She 
taught in Denton and Ashe boro before her marriage to Zeb 
Denny. After marrying she moved to Roanoke Rapids. 
Since retiring, she has traveled extensively in the U.S. and 
Europe. She has been writing nostalgic pieces for publica- 
tion. 



Mrs. Frances Walker 
Porter Hubbard 

Wife and Helper of Dr. Hubbard 

Mrs. Frances Walker Porter Hubbard, wife of 
Dr. Charles C. Hubbard and his constant com- 
panion and helper for as long as she was able, was 
born in Asheboro, March 31, 1868, one often 
children of David Worth and Frances Walker 
Porter and a first cousin of writer William Sidney 
Porter (O. Henry) of Greensboro. 

Mrs. Hubbard began work at the age of 15, at- 
tending school in the winter and working during 
the vacation. After completing school, she taught 
for many years, but worked in the office of the 
Register of Deeds for Randolph County during 
the summer months. She sometimes told about 
receiving forty cents a day for her work while men 
doing the same tasks drew a dollar a day. 




Frances Walker Porter Hubbard. 



On June 21, 1893, she was married to Dr. 
Hubbard and made her home in Worthville until 
they moved to Farmer in 1908, where they lived 
the remainder of their lives. At Farmer, she con- 
tinued her interest in religious work, being instru- 
mental in organizing Sunday Schools throughout 
the county. Throughout her life she remained in- 
terested in Sunday School and church work. She 
was a member of the Science Hills Friends 
Church, but always worked across denomination- 
al lines. 

A wide circle of friends remembered her as 
mother, counselor, advisor, and as a warm- 
hearted and true friend. Her charities, her sympa- 
thies, her work for the good knew no boundaries 
of race, creed, nationality, or station in society. 
Mrs. Hubbard, herself well read, for many years 
corresponded with local papers and her letters 
about her friends and neighborhood activities 
were widely read. 

She preceded her husband in death by some 
ten months, and was buried in the Asheboro 
Cemetery in the plot by her parents, after a funer- 
al was held at the Science Hill Friends Meeting 
with the Rev. Edward Harris officiating, and the 
Rev. Messrs. Howard Cope and Seth Hinshaw 
assisting. 



The Hubbards' Library 

Farmer, May 24 — This is a little world where 
things are always getting mixed. For instance, you 
wouldn't think that what a harness dealer read in 
Edinburg, Scotland, on a rainy morning more 
than half a century ago should blend with inspira- 
tion brought by the teaching of a former Greens- 
boro Presbyterian pastor, Dr. Egbert W. Smith, 
and affect hundreds of lives in Randolph County. 

But then, of course, you don't know Dr. 
Charles C. Hubbard, a Quaker country doctor, 
who has already practiced for more than a half 
century in Randolph County, nor his wife, 
Frances Porter Hubbard, who has walked side by 
side with him on a pair of crutches for most of 
that 50 years. 

The story of the country doctor is always an en- 
trancing one in America. The movements of in- 
timacy between the physician and his rural - 
bound patient, over whom mayhap death from 
pneumonia or some other malady hangs like the 
sword of Damocles, encompasses romance not ex- 
actly equalled anywhere else. Nor has the profes- 



i6 7 



sional life of this Randolph physician had any less 
thrills than those elsewhere. The challenges have 
brought their reward. 

But Dr. and Mrs. Hubbard as they have come 
walking down the years have added a little some- 
thing different to the country doctor's life: the 
business of lending books and handing out tracts. 
And that is where we get back to the harness 
dealer in Edinburg, and Dr. Egbert Smith. 

Dr. Smith used to go to Asheboro once a 
month to preach. Frances Porter, now Mrs. Hub- 
bard, who is a cousin of the late William Sidney 
Porter (O. Henry), was a member of his congrega- 
tion. The pastor found in this Asheboro girl, who 
was then working as a copyist for the Randolph 
Register of Deeds at a wage of 30 cents a day, a 
soul hungry for reading. He got her started on 
John Ruskin, Sir Walter Scott and other substan- 
tial authors, many of whose books he lent her. 

Then Miss Porter married a young Wilkes 
County doctor, Charles Hubbard, who had come 
to Randolph to practice. Together they decided to 
do something for those who found reading matter 
hard to obtain. Having distributed tracts while in 
college in Philadelphia, Dr. Hubbard, with Mrs. 
Hubbard's help, founded the Worthville Tract 
Society in 1894. The organization was broadened 
into a circulating library as the two obtained more 
books, the Hubbard home becoming the base of 
operations. 

In time Dr. Hubbard obtained permission to 
reprint the little tract "A Solitary Way," which 
was brought from Edinburg by Daniel Clock, a 
harness dealer. He is now in the 80th thousand of 
the printing and has arranged to have it pub- 
lished after he is gone. These tracts have gone to 
every state in the Union except Nevada, and cons- 
tant calls are being made for them. 

What kind of books? Dr. and Mrs. Hubbard 
have tried to pick good books but they have 
always had in mind the taste of their readers. 
They have books for the children who could hard- 
ly spell out the words, books of inspiration, 
novels, lives of missionaries, and all. One copy of 
Little Lord Fauntleroy has been lent so many 
times that its backs are now almostly completely 
threadbare. 

The result? Of course school and public librar- 
ies have long since so enlarged on the idea of the 
Hubbards that their pioneer efforts now seem 
almost infinitesimally small. But were they? 

The Daily News correspondent sat down to a 
meal with Dr. and Mrs. Hubbard last month. At 



the table was a teacher who not long ago received 
her life certificate. 

"I was one of those little girls," she confessed 
over her dessert. "I used to walk back of the hog- 
pens to Worthville and to Miss Fannie's house to 
get my book. I would bring my little bucket of 
beans to sell in town and of course the money had 
to be spent for something more essential to life 
than reading matter. But I knew I could get my 
book from 'Miss Fannie' and I did. I don't sup- 
pose I would ever have had the courage to become 
a teacher had it not been for the encouragement I 
received at this home and the books I got here." 

The faces of the lovely old couple glowed. Here 
was exhibit A. Here was evidence that books as 
well as bread cast upon the waters may return 
again. 

From a Greensboro Daily News article by Reporter Cannon, 
May 24. 1939. 



Hope Hubbard 

The Dorcas of Farmer 

In the Book of Acts the writer said about Dor- 
cas, "This woman was full of good works and 
almsdeeds which she did." The same words could 
have been applied to Hope Hubbard, who prac- 
tically all of her adult days of eighty- three years 
ministered to the physical, spiritual, and cultural 
needs of her neighbors and their children in 
Farmer. 

In 1908, when she was thirteen, she came to 
Farmer fron Worthville with her parents, Dr. and 
Mrs. Charles C. Hubbard, and her younger sister, 
Dorothy. She entered the Farmer School, which 
underwent the transition from a private institute 
to a public school that year, finished high school 
there, and went to Guilford College, which was 
(and is) supported by the Friends Church to 
which Hope belonged, and to which she would 
remain a loyal member, and in which she would 
be active throughout her years, always represen- 
tative of the church's doctrine of brotherly love 
and peace. 

After obtaining her teacher's certificate, Hope 
came back home to teach, serving in the elemen- 
tary schools at Farmer and Piney Grove in Ran- 
dolph County. For a period, she left the com- 
munity to teach in the Clarke School in Granville 
County. But wherever she taught, she was known 
to be a teacher who went about her task with an 
attitude of Christian charity. 



i6S 



When her aging parents needed her at home, 
she was ready to sacrifice her promising career in 
the field of education to become her father's 
chauffeur and helper. She was seen at his side 
constantly as he completed a thirty-seven year 
stint of battling wind, rain, snow, muddy roads, 
and swollen streams, as well as an endless chain of 
illnesses and epidemics, among the scattered farm 
homes in the Farmer area. 

While "Miss Hope," as she became known af- 
fectionately, helped the doctor with his work, she 
served the community as a Sunday School 
teacher, at both Science Hill Friends Church and 
the Farmer Methodist Church in Farmer, as a 
scout leader for both boys and girls, and as a 
member (she was a charter member) of the 
Grange. For twenty -three years she served as clerk 
of Science Hill Meeting of Friends, and for 
twenty-five years as clerk of the Southern Quar- 
ter. She was instrumental in the foundation of the 
Extension Homemakers Association, which she 
served as secretary, then as president. She chaired 
the district for one period and was a member of 
several council committees. Miss Hope was an 
honorary member at her death. 

But Miss Hope did not dedicate her whole be- 
ing to service and charity. She enjoyed many 
things for their own sake. She loved flowers, 
birds, and trees, studying them when she had the 
opportunity. 

Miss Hope also liked old things, and collected 
many antiques, as her many friends who attended 
her sale a few months after her death in 1977 were 
sadly aware. She has amassed a multitude of old 
furniture, medical trivia, and glassware, especially 
old bottles. 

One of her friends likes to tell the following 
story about a particularly interesting whiskey bot- 
tle that someone had once given to Miss Hope, 
who was very strongly opposed to any alcoholic 
use and abuse. 

"What do you think?" she asked the friend. 
"Will people think I condone the use of whiskey 
if they see this bottle in my hands?" 

The friend tried to assure Miss Hope that no 
one would think that she, just because she pos- 
sessed the beautiful bottle, approved or condoned 
the use of its contents. But the friend was not sure 
she convinced her, faithful Quaker that she was. 

In the mid 1940's while Tom Brenneman 
hosted the "Good Neighbor for a Day" radio 
show, one of Miss Hope's former scouts nomi- 
nated her for the honor and the award, an orchid. 



Miss Hope was chosen and recognized, the orchid 
being sent to her. When the area newspapers 
picked the story up, Miss Hope modestly credited 
her parents and the good that they had done for 
the recognition given her. 

Today, those who carry on the affairs of Farmer 
live on in a heritage left them by Miss Hope, 
basking in the warmth of the memory they have 
of her kindly face, her ever present help, and her 
deep concern. Surely the place was blessed 
because of her having been there. 

(Sidelights: The Hubbard home, and later Miss 
Hope's after her parents died, became something 
like a telephone central. Messages came to the 
Hubbard phone from far and near, and the Hub- 
bards delivered them faithfully to the neighbors 
involved. 

Miss Hope was teaching an elementary class on 
the third floor of the old Farmer School building 
when it burned in February, 1923. Very calmly 
she arranged her pupils in a prepracticed fire drill 
and marched them out without their knowing, 
until they were clear of the structure, that there 
was an actual fire.) 

(The majority of this essay is based on a "Memorial For 
Hope Hubbard, " which was written by Hal T. Gallimore, 
and read at the Science Hill Monthly Meeting August 17, 

1977 -Ed.) 




Hope Hubbard. 



169 



The Skeleton In 
Hope's Closet 



She sat in the rocking chair on the big porch 
that wrapped itself halfway around the house and 
looked out at the big oaks and magnolias. 

Hope Hubbard's eyes shone even deeper from 
the reflections off the bright dress she had put on 
to go to town a few hours earlier. 

She was a mite unnerved about not rinding 
anyone at the armory in Asheboro, but she was 
not about to let that show through her quiet 
Quaker mannerisms. 

May 12, her birthday, had passed, and at age 
79 Hope Hubbard had to get her auto license 
renewed. 

"You have 30 days afterwards to get them, and 
I went today to take the test and there wasn't any- 
one at the armory," she said. "I couldn't find 
where they were, so I came home." 

Miss Hope drives a recent vintage car now, but 
as a teenager she drove a Model T, chauffering her 
country doctor father all over the county to his pa- 
tients, winter and summer, snow and mud not 
withstanding. 

"Oh, the muddy roads," she said reflecting the 
early 1900's. 

Miss Hope is Farmer's First Citizen, and folks 
there'll give you a big list of her accomplishments 
at the drop of her name. But the Golden Ran- 
dolphian has facets of her life that would astound 
any would-be biographer. 

She and William Sydney Porter were kissing 
cousins. 

Porter, of O. Henry fame, never got to kiss his 
16-year-old cousin Hope, though. 

"He was always in Texas, or New York, when I 
was a teenager. I never got to meet him," she said 
ruefully. But she's read his stuff over and over. 

Oh, there are skeletons in Miss Hope's closet, 
all right. Some of them are real. The skulls and 
bones were part of her father's medical collection 
and they are all part of memories of her 79 years 
in rural Randolph County. 

"Many, many years ago a young school girl 
came here and wanted to see her grandmother's 
arm. I didn't know at first what she meant. Then I 
recalled my father had to amputate the arm of a 
young woman who had been shot by her hus- 
band, and although the arm was buried, the 
shoulder socket part was saved for court testi- 
mony, and it stayed in my father's collection," she 



said. 

Miss Hope's eyes twinkle often and the stories 
she tells rivals cousin "O. Henry's." 

Her prayerful hands arch to her lips once in 
awhile as she recalls things of long ago. 

There is the time she was a scoutmaster, for 
instance. 

Oh, how big her smile gets when you ask about 
that. Not only was she a boy scout leader, but 
they had the innocent nerve to ask her to go 
camping. 

"Back in the years before World War One, I 
was teaching here at Farmer and we all read in the 
papers about the new movement for boys. They 
were very much interested and made me promise 
to get information on it. 

"I did, and they wanted to have a troop, and 
there was no one here to lead them, and they in- 
sisted 1 be the leader. We had books and badges 
and everything. Scouts were rare in those days." 

Then came the day when Miss Hope realized 
they were, perhaps, asking too much. . 

"Two of the boys came to the house one Janu- 
ary day and when I asked what their visit was 
about, they hesitated and were bashful about 
answering. Finally one blurted out they wanted 
me to take the scouts camping! 

"There it was a cold January day with a little 
skiff of snow on the ground, and they wanted me 
to take them camping!" 

Miss Hope begged off. 

Did you ever take them? I asked. 

Oh, no, and it was not only the snow. It just 
wouldn't have been right," she said alluding to 
the days of strict deportment and what impro- 
priety might have been gossiped about a 25 year 
old woman taking teenage boys camping in the 
prim and proper year of 1919. 

But outdoors activities were aplenty in field 
and farm adjacent to town. 

Then Miss Hope switched to forming Girl 
Scouts, the better to make use of her role in life. 
Furthermore, if the subject of camping should 
ever arise, she wouldn't have to make up 
excuses... 

Somehow all the wonderful years of Miss 
Hope's life always become capsuled into front 
window "civic leader" which she certainly is, when 
she is honored. But the "real" Miss Hope is all 
those laughter and sad days when life in the coun- 
try was life in the raw. 

"When father would pull a tooth for someone, 
he'd just take his forceps and pull it. There was no 



i 7 o 




Miss Hope in her Scout Uniform. 

novacaine or stuff like that back them. He even 
pulled one for me. It was a tusk tooth. He said it 
was not pretty for a girl to have. So one day after I 
got out of school he just went ahead and pulled 
it. 

Miss Hope was Farmer's gain back in 1908 
when her family moved there from Worthville. 

"The doctor here had a bad lung and was dy- 
ing, and father came to make a practice. And 
another reason we came, he said, was because 1 
was finishing Worthville School, and he thought 
Farmer State School was the best education I 
could get in the county." 

Miss Hope went to Guilford College and then 
returned to Farmer to teach. By the age of 18 she 
had read the Bible through three times and with 
her Quaker background religion was one field she 
wanted to excel in. As a young girl she wanted to 
be a missionary. 

In Farmer she is known as "A living sermon," 
because her work with the old, the sick and the 
needy has been a realization, in another way of 
being a "missionary." 

Folks talk of Miss Hope being a member of the 
County Board of Health, of her work as a charter 
member of the Farmer Home Demonstration 
Club, a charter member of the Farmer Subordi- 



nate Grange, as a news correspondent for The 
Courier-Tribune, of her 40 odd years with Science 
Hill Friends Meeting in capacity of clerk and other 
positions, and activities in every facet of com- 
munity life. 

The community once honored her with a "This 
is Your Life" program, and Miss Hope wished 
they hadn't bragged on her so much. 

Humility is her personality mark. 

But the woman with the twinkling eyes shines 
through. 

Would you believe she's sent or given out near- 
ly a half million copies of the anonymous poem, 
"A Solitary Way?" 

If you press her for details, she'll admit having 
had 400,000 copies printed at her own expense. 

"It was Father's favorite." she explains. 

From an article "Farmer ■— May 1973", by Henry King. 



Nancy Jean Kearns 

In 1957, Nancy Jean Kearns, daughter of For- 
rest and Herbert Kearns, went to Israel as an In- 
ternational Farm Youth Exchange Student. An 
outstanding 4-H Club member, she applied for 
the trip and was accepted because of her 4-H 
work. In Israel she visited the farms and shared 
her experiences on the farm in Randolph County 
with the Israeli youth, while learning about the 
life on farms in Israel. When she returned home, 
she spoke to over a hundred different groups 
about her experiences. 



ffi 




Nancy Jean Kearns 



171 



Jack and His Mules 

Jack Lowe's hands were thick with dust as he 
heaved on a steel cable and bolted it to the back 
of his tractor, and he looked up, not too anxious 
to take time out with a stranger. 

"I'm fixin' to pull up some little trees over 
there," he said gesturing across to the woods. 

Jack Lowe will be 85 on May 19, but that's no 
reason or excuse to stop work everytime some con- 
founded body wants to stop and waste the day 
a-talking. 

Jack was tightening the bolt on the cable when 
I drove into his yard between Caraway and Jack- 
son Creek down near Farmer. 

He looked up and 'lowed as how it might be 
time for a chew of his Red Man tobacco, but he 
never got around to putting a wad in his mouth, 
instead he fingered his snuff can while talking. 

He laughed about that. 

"Old Doc Hunter up in Asheboro put me on 
tobacco years ago when I had some trouble with 
indigestion. Told me to use it once in a while, so I 
do." 

It takes more than a casual glance at Jack Lowe 
to come up with the startling knowledge that he's 
been a world traveler and although retired from 
that aspect of life, still does the work of two men 
each day on his vast acreage along the bottom- 
lands of the creeks here. 

Jack's an example of those highly energy 
charged men who have been places, done things, 
and then came home, not to roost, but to work 
up a storm of such proportions even young men 
shake their heads in disbelief. 

And he's done it all dragging a bum knee 
around. 

When he was just 14 he left home to get a job 
of his own. 

"For a long time they didn't know where I 
was," he said. "But I was down at Monk's Corner, 
working for the Atlantic Coast Line Lumber Com- 
pany. They had a 27 million board feet tract to 
saw up, and I took a job with them." 

The work was tough, but 14 year old Jack knew 
all about hard work. As a child he helped the 
family on the farm and could work a mule as well 
as any man. 

But Jack and his mules had an understanding 
at a very tender age. 

When he was 15 a mule kicked him in the left 
knee, shattering the kneecap beyond repair, and 



leaving him to limp the rest of his life. 

"It's been something, at times, to get along 
with a bad knee," he said, shaking his head. 

But there was not a mule alive that was going 
to keep Jack from doing a man's work, and he 
became a mule-skinner of such reputation that he 
was in demand all over the southeast in road 
building ventures. 

"A lot of highway building was done by hand 
back then, and 'drag pans' pulled by mules did 
most of it," he said. 

From dragging logs in the woods to hitching a 
mule to a drag pan was easy for Jack, and his ap- 
petite for work became such a legend he was hired 
by the Southern Bonding Company of New York 
to finish many road projects which contractors had 
defaulted upon. 

"The bonding company had to see the roads 
got finished, and our crews worked all over — 
even down in Florida to finish contracts," he said. 

Summers hot enough to make men fall with 
heat exhaustion and winters cold enough to cause 
frostbitten toes are all part of the hard life road 
builders suffered in the early 20's, he recalled. 

And there were distractions of other sorts. 

"Once, up around Stuart, Virginia, there was a 
crew that got there before us, and they weren't 
doing any good. They were all the time drinking 
moonshine and we had to do something. We 
found out who the bootlegger was, and went to 
see him. We made 'arrangements' for him not to 
sell liquor to the highway crew except on pay days 
every two weeks. We got work done after that..." 

Jack Lowe and his mule prowess had such a rep- 
utation that when the Cuban government had a 
350 mile road to build all the way across the 
island he got the nod to go down and help with 
the project. 

Jack took his new bride, Mary "Clete" Kearns, 
to Cuba and they struggled along with their new 
Spanish tongue all of 1927 and 1928. 

Most of the time, though Jack spoke "mule" 
urging the big animals to heave and pull dirt, 
mud and rocks, all the while fighting mosquitos 
and gnats. 

The pay was good and Jack didn't mind the 
sweaty brow as the road went across hill and 
swamp, each day edging toward the 350 
milepost. 

He didn't know it at the time, but his image of 
a master muleskinner didn't escape Cuba's Presi- 
dent Gerardo Machodo. 

When the project was over President Machodo 



l 7± 



asked him to stay over in Cuba long enough to ac- 
quaint his two sons-in-law in the art of mule 
psychology and train some workers to handle ani- 
mals as well as Jack could. 

Jack didn't keep up with politics very well, and 
didn't realize at the time that some Cubans 
thought of Machodo as a monster in human dis- 
guise, a cruel tyrant who operated in torture and 
bloodshed. 

On the other hand, others figured Machodo 
was the cleverest politician ever produced on the 
island, although somewhat greedy, revengeful 
and unscrupulous — a man who was the result of 
the system of government rather than creator of a 
dictatorship. 

All Jack cared about was demonstrating the 
prowess of his mules, politics could hang. So he 
stayed with the president and his sons-in-law in 
the royal manor, a guest of some months standing. 

But satin sheets and servants are alien to the 
man who yearns for hard work, so Jack Lowe left, 
came back to the states ajnd finally left most of his 
road building work in 1934-10 settle down nearer 
the old homeplace near Farmer. 

The city of Asheboro sought his services and he 
became superintendent of streets for several years, 
but living in town didn't suit him. 

Grandpa's 500 acres along the creek in south- 
west Randolph was waiting for his talents and he 
put his hands to farming. 

For all his later years he's farmed, although sell- 
ing off some land, and going to tending land for 
others too. 

"Look at the 76 acres, all in wheat. Ain't that a 
sight!" he said, pointing to one solid field of grain 
in the bottomland. 




Jack and Mary "Clete" Lowe. 



At 86 Jack Lowe still does all the work. 

Each morning at sun -up Jack drags that limp- 
ing leg out of bed, climbs on the big Ferguson 
tractor and heads out across the fields. 

At sun -down he has to be called to supper. 

From an article by Henry King, Courier-Tribune Staff 
Writer, May 9, 1974. 



Grady Miller 
Musician 

Grady Miller, a Farmer boy who grew up to win 
many laurels in the music world, died Dec. 23, 
1980, in Winston-Salem at the age of 90. Called 
"Greensboro's First Music Man," he began his 
career on the stage in New York, but returned to 
Greensboro to direct school bands, orchestras, 
and glee clubs in the schools for about a decade 
after 1925. Thereafter he became North 
Carolina's first minister of music, and the church 
claimed his services until his retirement a few 
years ago. 

Never married, he came to know many musi- 
cians across the nation, and counted Beverly Sills 
among his personal friends. 

He left Farmer with his family when he was 
five, moving to Asheboro where he finished high 
school. 



Grady Miller 

Could Make Music 'Come To Life' 

When we explained to our nine year- old son 
that our good friend Grady Miller had died, he 
wanted to know if Mr. Miller had lived in the 
time of Bach. Although he had been around 
almost 91 years, he was contemporary and kept 
abreast with all worthy musical events in North 
Carolina as well as in New York City. 

At retirement, less than a decade ago, he 
educated himself to every opera staged both at 
the Metropolitan and New York City Opera 
where he was a personal friend of Beverly Sills. 
There he spent his mornings in his hotel, study- 
ing the libretto, and then took his full score to the 
performance in the afternoon or evening. A visit 
to New York consisted of a series of well -chosen 
operas. He knew them all! 



173 



His first influence upon my life reaches back 30 
years or more, as a student in junior high (grade 
school, then) when he taught a church music 
course at Mill Home Church (at Thomasville Bap- 
tist Orphanage), which was coordinated with 
Gardner- Webb College and Liberty Baptist Asso- 
ciation for credits. I can see the stately musician, 
white haired, but young in body and spirit, 
strong, as he imparted his great musical skills and 
his faith in a most effective way to both rural and 
city Baptists. His marching around the class, 
stressing the importance of rhythm, "the soul of 
music," to the hymn "Onward, Christian 
Soldiers," and the anthems he taught us remain 
in my memory so vividly. For you see, he made 
music "come to life." 

I thought that his interpretation of Beethoven's 
"The Heavens Resound" was perfect, so perfect 
that I still see "his interpretation" with my church 
choirs today! 

Grady Miller was the first fulltime church 
minister of music in North Carolina, and it was 
widely known that his music at First Baptist 
Church, Winston-Salem, was second to none and 
the last word in finest! So, as a young aspiring 
church musician, I never missed his musical pro- 
grams there, even though it meant traveling from 
Thomasville to the Twin City, a good distance 
back 25 years ago. His programs were always in- 
spiring, thrilling and the most beautiful in sacred 
music. And, my, how he knew how to effectively 
"pull out all stops" for such a musical and 
spiritual experience, one did not soon forget! 




Henry Grady Miller 



Grady, in introducing me to his host of friends, 
would say, "this is Dick Conrad, and I brought 
him up." That was always an honor and had a 
special musical ring in it for me — proud to be one 
of Grady Miller's! It was my privilege to sing 
under his direction in special groups such as the 
High Point Men's Chorus, First Methodist Choir 
there as well as taking him to countless concerts in 
the Piedmont area. He always made the plans and 
it was my duty to carry out those plans. When 
driving, he made only right turns (no left-handed 
motoring), so it was more convenient for me to 
drive. And it was always another chapter in one's 
education to be with the grand old gentleman of 
music as he further imparted his musical 
knowledge! I never heard him criticize another 
musician (or anyone). Once he said on the subject 
of criticism, "Dick, there is room for all. What is 
accomplished by cutting down anothet? Remem- 
ber there's room!" 

I never was in the presence of Grady Miller that 
I didn't feel great and good about our visit, him, 
and myself! Every remark was a positive note! He 
once said, do you realize that all my friends are 
dead I grew up with, but I have continued to 
make new ones and try to cultivate friendships. 
This was so evident when he invited 50 of his 
friends to "The Tales of Hoffmann" by Offenbach 
at Reynolds Auditorium Sept. 26, 1980, present- 
ing each with a ticket and an engraved invitation 
to a social afterwards. The opera was tremendous, 
but afterwards, Grady took his Women's Chorus 
out of the room for a short rehearsal and quickly 
taught them his manuscript arrangement of the 
theme of the opera for two soprano and two alto 
voices, which turned into a songfest with every- 
one singing. Grady, in all his glory, directing, in- 
spiring each with that unique glow on his 
countenance! 

He introduced each at the social hour and 
called every name, telling something about that 
person. We all marvelled at his sharpness of mind 
(which excells those of us half his age). And then, 
without hesitation, reciting a humorous prose of 
some 25 verses, "The Little Bug Will Get You, If 
You Don't Watch Out." He kept all of us in 
stitches, and I wanted so much to get that down 
before. . . 

We all left the occasion, the richer, the hap- 
pier, and blessed by the Lover of Music, the Arts 
and Mankind. My remark at the end, "Grady, I'm 
never in your presence that you don't make me 
feel like a better person." His reply: "You've 



•74 



made my day!" And it was then another day — 
past 1 a.m., not late for him. 

Once he said, probably the biggest mistake I 
ever made was not marrying, but he mused, "I'd 
made a poor husband — away from home all the 
time." 

On Monday before his death, a certain urge or 
intuition prompted that a trip had to be made 
that day to Moravian Home to get Grady's 
Christmas gift to him, and not wait until Christ- 
mas Eve. I'm ever so glad I went! It was after 
church office hours, about 5 p.m. when I found 
Grady dressed up, as he always was, spick and 
span, prepared to go out for the evening meal 
with Joe King, his longtime friend. He was so 
happy to see me as usual and was most delighted 
with the cross-stitched musical lyre my wife, 
Carolyn, had made for him. "She's a real artist" 
was his remark as he admired it and treasured. . . 
as he always was so grateful for anything one did 
for him. We talked as musician to musician, man 
to man, friend to ftiend. It was great. . .as usual 
to be with Grady. And in departing, I told him of 
plans, we at Knollwood Church had (Associate 
John Totten and staff members) of a "Grady 
Miller Day" in January when he would be 91, in- 
viting everyone who had ever sung or played 
under his gifted conducting to assemble under his 
directing, to sing anthems and hymns he would 
select. And he quickly said with a twinkle in his 
eye, "Oh, I wouldn't do that. . .let's just think 
about it," and with a smile I'll long remember. 
And with that, somehow, my Christmas was more 
complete — in visiting once again the Master 
Minister of Music, Musician, to all Musicians, 
their friend. A friend of Music! 

Grady, you are very alive in all our hearts and 
memories, treasured and pleasant with much af- 
fection and love. And we feel sure that your wish 
must surely be granted this Christmas to be sing- 
ing all four parts in heaven and busily conduct- 
ing. You truly blessed the world, leaving behind 
your rich legacy and wealth of your fine quality 
and quantity of music, with that perfect harmony 
you taught to all! May He, whom you served and 
adored grant peace eternal and rejoicing forever- 
more! You are now unlimited by time or space. 
Dona nobis paceml 

This tribute to Henry Grady Miller, a Farmer native, 
former Broadway musician and active in North Carolina 
church and school music, was written by Richard L. Conrad, 
minister of music at Knollwood Baptist Church in Winston - 
Salem. Mr. Miller, 90, died Dec. 23 in Winston-Salem. 
By Richard L. Conrad, January 11, 1981 



Michael Morgan 



Michael Morgan, great grandson of Moses 
Morgan, is the first stringed bass in the Metropoli- 
tan Opera in New York City. His wife Therese is 
an operatic performer, a native of Australia. 

Mike is the grandson of Tom and Esta Horney 
Morgan, the son of M. Graham Morgan. 



Percy Morgan 
the Farmer Missionary 

Because he has always made it a practice to be 
wherever help is needed, Miss Hope Hubbard 
once called Percy Morgan "The Farmer Mis- 
sionary." The term can be taken in either of two 
ways. On the one hand, he has spent a great deal 
of his life looking after the welfare of his 
neighbors in the Farmer community. On the 
other hand, he has used his farm — the products 
from his cows, chickens, woods, fields, and 
garden — through the years to alleviate the hard- 
ships of his neighbors in need. 

For more than a half century his lean figure, 
forever going at a half trot, has been a familiar 
sight to those who have made Farmer their home. 
He has been, besides running his farm, the post- 
master, the mail carrier, the village's only barber 
ever, a storekeeper, a Sunday school teacher, a 
deacon in the Methodist Church, a member of 
the Grange, a Mason, and an avid fan of the 
school's sporting events through the years. 

Born to Moses N. and Flora Bingham Morgan 
in 1895 on the Isom Luther place in the upper 
Tom's Creek community, Percy came to Farmer 
when his family moved to the Ivy Johnson place 
in 1912. 

Moses Morgan, himself a schoolmaster 
throughout his life, brought his family with its 
eight children to the Farmer area in order for 
them to receive the benefits offered by the Farmer 
High School, known over a broad area for its ex- 
cellence. Percy attended high school until he was 
about 20 years old, working off all requirements 
except for a unit in Latin. Failing to obtain that, 
he joined the ranks of about ninety per cent of 
the young men in his day who left school without 
a diploma. 

When Uncle Sam called for the nation's young 
men to check the German aggression in 1917, 
Percy, who was 22 at the time, answered the call 



'7S 



and went to Camp Jackson to take his training as 
a soldier. But he was back home in a few days! 
The army doctors had declared him unfiit physi- 
cally for military duty — a decision that he looks 
back upon today from his 85 years of good health 
with some disbelief and amusement. 

The only work venture Percy ever made outside 
Farmer came after the war when he and Bunkster 
Bingham went to Winston- Salem where their 
friends Clarence and Wood Russell and Jeff 
Horney were already working. They got jobs in 
the Forsyth Furniture Factory, making dining 
room sets, until "corn planting time." When time 
to plant came, they returned home, Percy to 
make his home at Farmer. Bunkster in later years 
operated a store near Asheboro. 

In 1922 Moses Morgan died, leaving Percy, 
then 27, as the head man for the household, al- 
though for as long as she lived, Percy looked to his 
mother for help and advice, always respecting the 
authority her seniority carried. Having assumed 
much of the farming responsibilities while his 
father was away during the winter months teach- 
ing, Percy took over the reins, managed the farm, 
and helped rear his younger sisters — Ocia and 
Sue, as well as furnish a part-time home for the 
sons of his brother Walter, who had died at 31 
leaving his widow and five children. 

In the meantime, the young farmer, a trim 
figure always and with a seasoned look that his 
constant exposure to the wind and sun gave him, 
paid court to many of the girls in the community 
and seemed to be a favorite among the young 
women who came to teach in the Farmer School. 
During those years, he drove a beautiful gray 
mare named Dora to a buggy that he kept clean 
and shiny, in spite of the red mud and dust that 
typified the Randolph County countryside. 

It was only after 1923 that he bought a Ford 
touring car that was for his family as much as 
himself. The buggy was stored in a shed only to 
be used thereafter when inclement weather made 
automobile travel hazardous. But at 28, Percy had 
become somewhat "set" in his ways and found the 
transition from driving a horse to driving a car 
difficult, never achieving the skills at driving, ac- 
cording to his younger sisters, that made him a 
"good" driver. One tale that they still tell on him 
is that when he wanted to stop, instead of 
pushing the gas lever up and applying the brakes, 
he simply yelled "Whoa!" But he eventually 
mastered the machine sufficiently for it to become 
part and parcel of his life, as it did in the lives of 



everyone in that horse- to- machine transitional 
period. And Percy has driven now for some 58 
years without a serious mishap. 

Whether or not his family responsibilities in- 
fluenced his matrimonial plans is not known, but 
it was only when his youngest sister was finishing 
her freshman year in college that the marriage 
bug bit him. In March of 1929 he took as his 
bride a petite brunette, Annie Johnson, a Thom- 
asville girl that he had met through some of her 
relatives that lived in the Farmer area. For her, he 
built a home in the edge of his mother's front 
yard. Annie bore him two children, a daughter 
and a son, the latter dying in infancy. A few 
months thereafter Annie followed her son into 
death. Helen, the daughter, (now Mrs. Jack 
Nance of Asheboro), a lovely child with many of 
her mother's features, grew into womanhood, the 
pride of her father and the favorite of many 
friends and relatives. 




Percy Morgan picking up limbs from the churchyard. 



176 



Percy began his service as the Farmer post- 
master in 1927 and continued at that post until 
he retired in 1963. He started barbering as a 
young man, working at home. Then in the 
1920's, he set up a shop in the back of Lineberry 
Hill's store. 

In 1927, he and Bunkster Bingham bought the 
Hill store, and ran it for a number of years, oper- 
ating the post office within the store. The post of- 
fice remained there until 1946 when it was moved 
to its present location. 

Even after retirement from the post office, Per- 
cy has continued his barbering (his shop being in 
the post office building) on a limited scale (1981). 

As the natives of Farmer know, Percy has 
worked hard and lived frugally. People may say 
that he has never spent a dollar that he did not 
have to, but they would also say that he never 
failed to give a dollar when one was needed. 

In his quiet way (however, he loves to tell a 
good, clean story as well as anyone), he has lived a 



life dedicated to other people, his church, and his 
community. For years he carried a quotation in 
his pocket that gave the gist of his philosophy of 
life: "Happiness is like a perfume — if you 
sprinkle enough of it on someone else, you are 
bound to get some of it on yourself." 

Percy took for his second wife Eunice Setzer on 
June 16, 1937. 



Russell Funeral Home 

Whitfield Russell, a coffin-maker by trade, once 
operated a funeral home in Farmer, Percy Morgan 
and Herbert (Hub) Kearns, remember. It was 
located in the Calier Kearns place. Russell later ran 
funeral homes in Denton and Thomasville. 

While in Farmer, he used a horse-drawn hearse 
similar to the one used by the Emory B. Kearns 
undertakets in Asheboro (See picture). 




The Emory B. Kearns funeral directors used the above horse-drawn hearse to serve their customers at their Asheboro mortuary, 
which was opened about 1857. It later became the Pugh Funeral Home, still in operation. Emory B. Kearns was a native of 
Farmer and one of the builders of Salem United Methodist Church in 1881. 



l 77 



==E, B. KEARNS— — 
yhwirUii jlu&fcm, /i'n'cui I ii ; i.f jDauu 



wateae^AND dealer .. 



All Kinds of Undertaker's Supplies, 

Room Sets, Chairs, Tables, Ete. 



<jl^, ^-t_ V 



O-d^i -*i, 







<Zl~--ei 






Receipt for payment of funeral expenses for Ivy Kearns. 



— ----E. B. KEARNS— 
''l'nn/mi JVhthi'i, /J'li'l'niMiU' -Dcdlf'i, 



n\\4ND DEALER I 



All Kinds of Undertaker's Supplies, 

Room Sets, Chairs, Tables, Ete. 

ClaMoio, j>ll. #., , isao. 



0UL*J<<j, 



' ^r» 










I r 

4'' 



^ #. < 



Invoice for funeral expenses for Ivy Kearns. 



Agriculture Teachers 

Since it became a part of the high school cur- 
riculum in 1924, the Agriculture Department has 
played an outstanding role in the Farmer school 
district. Three reasons might be considered for 
the department's success: 1. The area, at least 
when the department was organized, was devoted 
almost entirely to farming; 2. the participating 
students came from hardworking, ambitious, in- 
telligent parents who supported the program; 3. 
the superior quality of the men who have served 
as agriculture teachers. 

The man who initiated the program was W.F. 
Bracken, who laid a good foundation for the work 
to follow. Another outstanding man was Sam 
Cooper. It was Cooper who persuaded the farmers 
through the Ag Program to plant lespedeza as a 
cover crop, a move that has proved to be of in- 
estimable value to the croplands of the area. He 
also did a good job of getting the boys interested 
in chicken and hog production, both being farm 
products that have added substantially to the 
farm income. Following Mr. Cooper, Edgar Mc- 
Cleod made his mark by teaching the boys about 
and impressing them with the need for soil ero- 
sion control. 

For the past thirty- four years, R.C. Adams has 
been a godsend in the form of an Ag teacher. He 
has been keenly aware of many of the farmer's 
problems and has made himself available for help 
in every aspect of farming from cow doctoring to 
gardening to sod-planting to what- have- you. Not 
only has this affable but unobtrusive man been the 
farmer's friend, but he has been a leader in the 
community: active in the Grange, a willing servant 
in the church, a first-rate participant in all the 
village's civic activities. His daughter served the 
Farmer Methodist church as a pianist for many 
years before she married and left the community. 

"Mr. Adams," one Farmer citizen said, "does 
outstanding work in the local, county, and state 
organizations of the Grange. He has received an 
award yearly for at least ten years for his excellent 
programs that he plans and presents." 

The 1961 yearbook of the Farmer High School 
was dedicated to Mr. Adams with the following 
notation: 

"We the Senior Class of 1961 present this 
edition of Far Echoes to Mr. R.C. Adams. 
His able leadership and wise counseling will 
remain with us long after we have grown into 



i 7 8 




R.C. Adams 



manhood and womanhood. Above all, we 
appreciate the fine Christian example he has 
set before us, because we feel very strongly 
the importance of this example if our lives 
are to be successful in the future." 



Merchants 

(Who Have Served Farmer and 

Its Outlying Communities 

over the Years) 

At Farmer 



Lineberry Hill 

N.W. Newby 

Madison Hammond 

Bob Hammond 

Gid Macon 

Bob Dorsett 



Guy Ridge 

Farris & Mary Pierce 

Carl Garner 

Jube Horney 

Devereau Russell 

Bunkster Bingham 



At Jackson's Creek 

Allen Nance Wyatt Nance 

Henry Nance Clarence Ridge 

Maiven Yates John Ridge 

Mrs. Maiven Worthy Andrews 
(Roxanna) Yates 

At Piney Grove 

Moses and Joshua Morgan 

At Cedar Grove 

Van Lanier 

At Lassiter's Mill 

Jonathan and Micajah Lassiter 

At Oak Grove 

Lloyd Elliott 

At Martha 

Ivey Nance Bob Johnson 

Clay Johnson Wade Bingham 

(Wade Bingham later built and operated a store 
closer to Farmer on old Highway 49) 

Other stores operating in the same area: near 

Farmer — 

Garner and Harris, Yates Food and Service; 

at Mechanic — Howard's and Pickett's; 

at Gravel Hill — Hogan's and Jack Lanier's; 

at Salem Church Community — Beckerdite's 

Some Millers in the Farmer Area 



J. Watson Birkhead 

Bob Johnson 

Branson Elliott 

Perry Johnson 

Winbourne Johnson 

Colonel Loflin 

Jonathan Lassiter 

Micajah Lassiter 



Jeremiah Johnson 



Silas K. Kearns 

Isaac Kearns 

Vick Parker 

Henry Parker 

(Vick's father) 

Ivy Kearns 
Marvin Gearren 
Jake Thornburg 



Professional Men 



Percy Morgan 



Some Farmer School Graduates Who 
Have Served with Distinction 



179 



College Professor: Thomas Garner, 
Clemson College 

State Representative: Henry Ingram, 

Roby Garner, 
Donald Bingham 

County Commissioners: Tom Bingham, 

Clegg Garner, 
Ira McDowell, 
Wallace Garner 

Ministers From Farmer Community 

Charles E. Ridge Walter Lee Stutts 

De Von Cranford Joe Luther 

George McDowell Robert Varner 

Clarence Russell Hubert Jackson 

Gerald Lanier 

Doctors From Farmer Community 

John Varner 

Edwin Plummer 

Harvey Adams 

Tony Cranford (eye) 

Robert Johnson 

Doctors Who I-Iave Served Farmer 

Alson Fuller 

Claude Lewis 

Charles C. Hubbard 



Farmers of Farmer 
general 



Charles Elliott 

Clifford Elliott 

Johnny Henson 

Kent Ridge 
Alvin McDowell 

Dolan Loflin 
Martin Cranford 



Jimmy Garner 

Odell Lanier 

Harold Gallimore 

Curtis Kearns 

Terry Johnson 

Wallace Garner 

Henry Loflin 



SPECIAL 

Kenneth Shaw — beef 

R.C. Millikan - beef 

Joey Henson — nursery & dairy 

Elizabeth F. Patton — horses 

Elsie & Roger Waynick — poultry 

Glenn Bingham — beef 

Alton Wall- beef 

Steve Nance — strawberries 

Clay Yates — quail 

Clark Thornburg — quail 

Alton Kearns — poultry 

Lumber 

Tony McDowell, Stan and Steve Bingham 

Country Club 

Ray Cummings 



1 80 



V — Bible Excerpts 



Ivy Kearns 

Estella Elliott Kearns 
Allen Kearns 
Samuel Arnold 
William T. Kearns 



IvyKearns 



Ivy Kearns born November 16, 1809, 

died Feb. 27, 1901 
Diza Arnold, his wife, daughter of 

Wood Arnold — born September 7, 1812; 

died Jan. 22, 1892 

Mary E. Kearns, Feb. 8, 1833 
Julia A. Kearns, June 10, 1835 
SallieB. Kearns, March, 17, 1838- 

October 17, 1866 
Abigail E. Kearns, March 21, 1842 — 

March 1889 
Nancy L. Kearns, March 19, 1845 
Eliza V. Kearns, May 3, 1847 
Samuel W. Kearns, November 28, 1849 
Martha E. Kearns, Dec. 1853 -Aug. 16, 1854 
Diza Rebecca Kearns, Nov. 10, 1857 — 

Dec. 30, 1858 

Thomas Kearns, son of John Kearns was born 

Jan. 19, 1776 and died Nov. 12, 1847 
Rebecca Kearns, daughter of Benjamin Ivey was 

born Jan. 1, 1786 and died May 11, 1845 

CHILDREN OF 
THOMAS AND REBECCA KEARNS 

Nancy Kearns, July 12, 1801 —Fall 1828, 
Age 27 years. 



Mary Kearns, May 27, 1805 -Dec. 14, 1836 
Sallie Kearns, August 15, 1807 -Dec. 15, 1892 
Ivy Kearns, November 16, 1809 — 

Feb. 27, 1901 
Anna Kearns, Feb. 21, 1812— July 1, 1887 
Silas Kearns, March 7, 1814 -May 5, 1885 
Hannah Kearns, September 1, 1816 — 

January 25, 1861 
John Kearns, September 20, 1818 — 

April 11, 1901 
Elizabeth Kearns, January 29, 182 1 — 

July 22, 1899 
Martha Kearns, September 13, 1823 and died 

Wood Arnold, October 4, 1788- 

October 17, 1844 
Mary Arnold, daughter of Jacob Hoover 

July 6, 1791 -July 29, 1873 
Diza Arnold, September 7, 1812 — 

January 21, 1892 
John Arnold, April 14, 1814-Nov. 17, 1896 
Larkin Arnold, Feb. 4, 1816-Nov. 1, 1891 
Elizabeth Arnold, December 29, 1818 — 

November 21, 1907 
Penuel Arnold, January 29, 1821— July 1889 
Samuel Arnold, January 30, 1823 — 



2. 



T" 1 j-ij _ ■_, , _ _ » "I - "' 


m 






ESTELLA E 


[ott Kearns 


i 


MARRIAGES 




BIRTHS 








Isaac Keeran 


Jan. 16, 1792 


Silas W. Kearns and R.A. Carter, 




Mary Keeran 


Junel, 1799 


May 29, 1866 




Eli C. Keeran 


March 11, 1818 


Charles R. Kearns and Estella Elliott, 




Lyndon S. Keeran 


April 20, 1820 


Aug. 3, 1898 




Henry H. Keeran 


June 12, 1822 


John N. Kearns and Genie Kearns, 




Martha J. Keeran 


June 11, 1823 


Nov. 7, 1897 




Emiley M. Keeran 


Jan. 27, 1829 


Anna Metta Kearns and Lorenza Wood, 




Isaac N. Keerans 


Sept. 1, 1834 


July 4, 1895 




Silas W. Keeran 


May 7, 1840 


Elmer Kearns and Tura Cranford, Oct. 16, 


1898 


R.A.wife of Silas W. 


Jan. 18, 1846 



i8j 



Charles R. Kearns 
John N. Kearns 
Elmer O. Kearns 
Shuby W. Kearns 
Anner M. Kearns 
Whitman F. Kearns 
Ruth A. Kearns 
Charlie Reese Kearns 
Thomas Gray Kearns 

DEATHS 

Isaac Keeran 
Mary Keerans 
Martha J. Ingram 

(wife of Uriah Ingram) 
Silas Whitman Keerans 
Henry H. Keerans 
R.A. Kearns 



Sept. 20, 1867 

July 9, 1869 

Jan. 19, 1872 

Nov. 2, 1873 

Jan. 14, 1875 

Sept. 4, 1878 

Aug. 14, 1898 

Sept. 16, 1899 

May 11, 1902 



Jan. 4, 1861 

Dec. 21, 1877 

Sept. 7, 1875 

Dec. 11, 1878 
June 13, 1886 
Mar. 10, 1896 



Sarah Keeran 

(wife of Lyndon S. Keeran) 
Silas Whitman K 
Ruth Adeline K 
Whitman F. Kearns 
Chas. Reid Kearns 



May 4, 1857 

Dec. 11, 1878 

Mar. 10, 1896 

Oct. 21, 1905 

Sept. 7, 1906 



NOTE: The information above was copied on 8 
April 1980 by Whitman C. Kearns from the Bible 
(as indicated) that is now in the possession of Mrs. 
C.R. Kearns of Lynchburg, VA. Mrs. Kearns 
(Selma) is the widow of Charlie Reese Kearns. 

I attest that information hetewith is correct as 
enteted to the best of my ability to intetpret the 
letters as written. 

Whitman Carter Kearns 



3 



A T I EN Ke akns 



MARRIAGES: 

Allen Keeran was married to Nancy Wood the 1st 
day of Feb. AD 1821. 

BIRTHS: 

Penuel Wood was born Jan. 22, 1772. 

Allen Kearns was born the 16th day of April A.D. 

1798. 

Nancy Wood was born the 25th day of Sept. 

A.D. 1800. 



Allen and Nancy Keeran's Children: 

1. Alson Jones Keeran born 9 Jan. 1822 

2. Priscilla Lundy Keeran born 19 of March A.D. 
1824 

3. Penuel Keeran born 6 Oct. A.D. 1826 

4. Isaac Franklin Keeran born 1 1 Aug. A.D. 1829 

5. Charlotte Jane Keeran born 2 Jan. A.D. 1832 

6. William Penn Keeran born 14 Sept. A.D. 1834 

7. John Thomas Keeran born 27 July A.D. 1837 

8. Henry Clay Keeran born 22 April A.D. 1840 



DEATHS: 

Penuel Wood departed this lifejan. 8, A.D. 1841 

Allen Keeran departed this life Oct. 22nd A.D. 
1849 

Nancy Keeran departed this life July 6th A.D. 

1878 



Names spelled as in the Bible. 

This was a note book page attached to the Bible 
Record. 



William Penn Kearns was born Sept. 14, 1834, 
died 8th, Dec. 1895, aged 61 years 2 mos. and 24 
days. He joined the Methodist Episcopal Church 
South while yet a boy. He lived an acceptable and 
consistent membet of that church during his life. 
He devoted his power and energies for the good 
of his family of his neighborhood and of his 
Church. 



184 



4 

Samuel Apnold 



"Wood Arnold, son of Whitlock and Dizy 
Wood Arnold, his wife, was born 4th day of Oc- 
tober 1788, and Mary Hoover Arnold, his wife, 
was born July 6th day, 179 1 - 

"Wood Arnold departed this life October 17th 
day A.D. 1844, being 56 years and 13 days old. 
His funeral was preached by the Rev. Micajah Hill 
at Salem Meeting House on Sunday, the 4th of 
May, 1845, from the first verse of the 40th 
Chapter of Isaiah. 

"Diza Arnold was born Sept. 7th 1812. 

"John Arnold, 1st son, was born April 14th, 
1814. 

"Larken Arnold, 2nd son, was born Feb. 4th, 
1816. 

"Elizabeth Arnold, 2nd daughter, was born 
Dec. 29th, 1818. 

"Penuel Arnold, 3rd son, was born Jan. 29th, 
1820. 

"Samuel Arnold, 4th son, was born Jan. 30th, 
1822. 



DEATHS and BIRTHS 

"Mary Arnold departed this life July 29th day, 
1873, and her funeral was preached by the Rev. 
Charles Phillips on the 3rd day of June, 1874, 
from the 3, 4, and 5th verses of First Epistle of 
Peter. 

"Larken Arnold departed this life on the 1st 
day of Nov., 1891. 



"John Arnold departed this life Nov. 17th, 
1896. 

"Margaret B. Arnold, wife of Samuel Arnold, 
was born Feb. 9th, 1836. 

"Louella E. Arnold, wife of A.C. Arnold, was 
born the 18th day of July, 1857. 

"A.C. Arnold, son of Samuel Arnold, was born 
Dec. 3rd, 1853. 

John O.W. Arnold son of Samuel Arnold, was 
born Nov. 24th, 1857. 

"Martha J. Arnold, daughter of Samuel Ar- 
nold, was born Nov. 28th, 1859. 

"W.B. Yarborough was born Dec. 2nd, 1856. 

"James W. Arnold was born Aug. 31, 1880. 

"Freda E. Arnold, his wife, was born Dec. 
19th, 1888. 

"Nancy Louella Arnold, daughter of James W. 
and Fred Arnold, was born July 20th, 1908. 

"Samuel Clay Arnold was born Aug. 10th, 
1911. 

"Margie Pauline Arnold was born Aug. 31th, 
1913. 

"Mary Edna Arnold was born Dec. 27th, 1915. 

MARRIAGES 

"James W. Arnold and Freda E. Hughes were 
married Jan. 2nd, 1907." 

(This material was secured through the gra- 
ciousness of Pauline Arnold Grice, who has the 
Arnold Bible in her care, and copied for this book 
by Charles Lester Cranford, Route 2, Denton). 



i8 s 



5 
William T. Kearns 




















T*X 







186 



f /£,•£&'■#<■ yi * +y ,:' : :f C?-e r* > >t ^ 


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,8 7 



VI— Veterans 



The Civil War (The Uwharrie Boys) 
Civil War Story 
World War I 
World War II 



The Civil War 



The Uwharrie Boys 



Men (boys, some of them perhaps) of 
the Kearns family shouldered their full 
share of the Confederate Cause during 
the Civil War. Twelve of them served, all in the 
infantry. One became a First Lieutenant (pro- 
moted after being wounded and captured at Get- 
tysburg); one was a Corporal, and the others 
Privates. 

Six of the men belonged to Company H, Regi- 
ment 38, which was evidently made up of men 
from the Uwharrie region of North Carolina, a 
company that found itself frequently in the 
"thick" of some of the hottest battles: Falling 
Waters, Mechanicsville, and Gettysburg. The 
regiment was known as the "Uwharrie Boys." 

Three of the Kearns men died in service — one 
after the Gettysburg Battle, another at Char- 
lottesville (in a hospital, perhaps). The place of 
death of the third is not given. Two others re- 
ceived wounds — one at Mechanicsville, the other 
at the Battle of Falling Waters. Two suffered cap- 
ture, both at Gettysburg. 

Four signed up, apparently together, in '61; 



P 



) 





Iron cooking pot carried in Civil War by Calier Kearns. 

three in '62; and five in '63. 

Following is a list taken from the "Roster of 
Confederate Troops" found in the North Carolina 
Archives: 



name rank 
E.T. Kearns Cpl. 
(Wounded at Mechanicsville and 


date enlisted 

11- 4-61 
Gettysburg) 


company 

H 


regi. 

38 


bat. 


Isaac N. Kearns Lt. 

(Died as prisoner at Gettysburg) 


11- 4-61 


H 


38 




J.H. Kearns 


Pvt. 


11- 4-61 


H 


38 




W.O. Kearns 

(Died, place not given) 


Pvt. 


11- 4-61 


H 


38 




Isaac Kearns 


Pvt. 


3- 7-62 


B 


52 




John Kearns 


Pvt. 


3-18-62 


L 


22 




Benjamin N. Kearns 

(Died at Charlottesville) 


Pvt. 


3- 5-63 


H 


38 




B.G. Kearns Pvt. 
(Taken prisoner at Gettysburg) 


4-15-63 


H 


38 




Erasmus Kearns 


Pvt. 


8- 1-63 


B 




7th Bat. 


H. Kearns 


Pvt. 


9-12-63 


H 


65 




J.F. Kearns 


Pvt. 


12-16-63 


H 


38 





I 9 I 



(While digging out the above facts from the 
age -dimmed sheets on which the Kearns Con- 
federate roster was available, I sensed anew the 
trauma in the Civil War story, for the Kearns men 
undoubtedly ran the full gamut of the war's ex- 
periences: the harsh clash of battle filled with the 
cries of the wounded, the pop and crack of rifle 
fire, the boom -boom -boom of the artillery, the 
screams of horses; the acrid smell of brimstone 
and of burning black powder, of the sickening 
odor of fresh and putrid blood; the mystery in the 
faces of dying comrades; the tramp -tramp of the 
day's march, the nightly bivouac among the dark 
trees and the hushed gloom that hovered over the 
thousands of campfires; the lost dreams and the 
crushed hopes of the young men — everything 
that made the Civil War a thing of tragedy and 
romance mingled together to form a mysterious 
concoction, whose ingredients, even after a cen- 
tury, have not been fully identified. —Ed.) 

Ten other young men of the Farmer area served 
in the Confederate forces during the Civil War. 
They were Lyndon Kearns, Calier Kearns, Elizer 
W. Walker, Levi Cranford, Kerby Cranford, 
Clarkson Cranford, and five sons of Allen Harris 
Johnson. Only the name Winbourne is listed but 
the four others were probably James Ivey, 
Thomas, Charles, and John (Jack) Hansel, since 
the other two sons Jeremiah and Milton were born 
in 1846 and 1853 respectively, making them 
rather young to have been drafted or to enlist in 
the armed services. All of them survived the 
conflict. 



/ 



/. 



(Confodorato.) 



/£_ 



f,^f;,Jl 



M 



-Y 2 



I U 



/itJ±&4JiJKJL— 

N'nnie appears as signature to an 

Oath of Allegiance 

to the United States, subscribed and sworn to at 
Point Lookout, Md., June 22, I860. 



Place of residence M^.CLii-^^lA^J.Ca. .//■..(<:. 

Complexion cjCri. ;liair < A.^../'.tfi-^vr... 

Eyca._-.fe£fc*.A, ; height_._. i i7ft. ...£/>:. ..in. 

Note: Released at Point Lookout, June 22, 
1 865, by G. O. No. 1 09, A . G. O. 

Remarks: 



^'irancr of rou: 

15 1 ; sheet <J 
'6«6) 



IMEhdozd 



iW2-*2i 



Copyist. 



Elizer W. Walker's Oath of Allegiance to the Confederacy, 
June 22, 1865. 



( Ooi3.ro cl >3 1- ri to.) 



38 






rv.o. 



.=•„:•-. 



/2Zs;.±£<: 



f ~/7jd n ' <?{ / 7 38 Reg't North Carolina 
' \ Infantry (State lroops). 

Appears ou 

Company Muster Roll 
of tl io organization named above, 



for 



'-/ 7 • Z 



// 



'/. c; 



// 



^.,186// 



Enlisted : ^_, 

When ^j2k£j&«„ /:'£.... 

\Vheie...:_.r?:r.r.;./5..:.._fe? < :'^:^s;. 



, 186 /-/f 



By whom. 
Period 



^^; //i.xf/c<f<- 



( 



'■ u 



Last, paid: /" / 

By whom L€Cr^...<.<tiL<€!--^pJLL^. 



To what time 



186 



Present or absent . 
Remarks : 



? jf.'f ,i /' 



Book mark : 



A,- 



L/--^ 



('3 12) 



LOpJIUl 



^ ' 1 

/ 1' 


{ Oonfeciorato.) 

38 | IV. C. 
a^) C <s7) / /! ■'■' 


_ 

(a 


Appears on 

C 
of the organi 

for 


, o ,>^/f38 Reg't North 
' \ Infantry (State 

ompany Muster Roll 
/.ation-uameil above, 

7 """ 


Carolina 
Troops). 

, 186 ^C 




Enlisted : 
When 


^w 


Zg— 


,186 ^Z- 


Where 'l(2^?^^£.— 


S^/S-S'i 


By whom 

Period 


/tyio^/, 


//CtZc', 


's& 


T. 


C7^/-<^, 






/, 




Last paid: 
By whom .. 




V 




To what time 






, 186 . 


--— ; 




Present or ab 
Remarks :.C 


sent (y?ie^e^vS 




-~--rr- r - 


/' 


dm/?: . 


7 


















Book mark :.. 


















, ' ,; 


/ ' 




(512) 






Copyist 



Elizer W. Walker's Company Muster Roll, July — August Elizer W. Walker's Company Muster Roll, September - 
1864. October 1864. 



l 9l 



(CONFEDERATE.,) 



....£. 37.. 7,'alker- 



Co H. 



£3 N.C.T.Clnf.) 



Appears on a 

RECEIPT ROLL 

for clothing, 

for 186 

Date of issue Oct 15 , 1864 

Signature 

Remarks : 



Roll Ho. 



Copyist . 



(confederate.) 



..E T7 Ealker. 



Co. H. 



88W.C,TA!nf,> 



Appears on a 

RECEIPT ROLL 

for clothing, 

for , 186 



Date of issue Nov. 5 t 186 4 , 

Signature 

Remarks : 



Soil Mo. 



-'i'05 7 Copyist. 



Clothing Issue for Elizer W. Walker, October 15, 1864. Clothing Issue for Elizer W. Walker, November 5, 1864. 



194 



(CONFEDERATE.) 



E..W .Walker 

cpH ?S.N:.C.T.C!nl,) 

Appears on a 

RECEIPT ROLL 

for clothing, 

for , 186 



Data of issue $q?.14 _ 135 4 

Signature 

Remarks: 



Roll No. 



'S3 Copyist. 



1 O onfo cl orato.l 

£t. ,co. J<^fiic g ' t 2&..S- 

Appears on a roll of 

Prisouera of War 
at Point Lookout, Md. 

Date of arrival ..(^bJ&..^^.r.^t.^A^^r:..... 

L'ty^.s/yJ'..., 18G«X^ 

Where captured . . CC^-C^Ld^&hk^. 

When captured C:^/v^- ^ ... , 18G^T 

neinarks:....^^^.<^U2^^..^W7.^.,'^? 



Point Lookout, Md., Register No. 2; page ./-./.< 



Oa 



1 5«7) 



Cvyiji>l. 



Clothing Issue for Elizer W. Walker, November 14, 1864. Record showing Elizer W. Walker listed as a prisoner of war, 

April 3, 1865. 



195 



Civil War Story 



Lyndon Kearns, son of Isaac and Mary Steed 
Kearns, was 41 when the Civil War began. 
In spite of his eight motherless children (his 
wife who was Sarah Jane Hammond had died in 
1857), he joined the Confederate forces and 
fought through the four- year conflict only to be 
killed as it was winding down — on April 17, 
1867, after Lee had already surrendered the Army 
of Northern Virginia. Johnson, whose army was 
fighting Sherman up through North Carolina 
about that time did not surrender until April 26. 
The conclusion is that Lyndon at least died 
fighting on his own state's soil. 

Since his wife had died previously, the eight 
children were left orphans. Seven of them went to 
Indiana, leaving Nathan Virden (Vird), the 
youngest, with his uncle Silas Whitman Kearns, 
and his wife Ruth Adeline Carter Kearns. The 
other children were Emily Abigail, who married 
John Randolph Redwine, Sr.; Claudius Franklin; 
John Thomas; Mary Jane; Isaac Alpheus; Artimisa 
Antinett (Anne), who married Thomas Farout; 
and Martha Lewaner. 

Abigail and her husband lived for many years 
in Indiana but moved to Fort Smith, Ark., and 
are buried in the Forest Park Cemetery there. 
Anne Farout lived in Greenfield, Ind. Isaac lived 
in Minnesota. 

Vird Kearns, who stayed in the Farmer Com- 
munity married Willie Shaw first, then Nannie 
Bingham Welborn. He later bought the home- 




Virden Kearns and Emily Kearns Redwine. 

stead of the first Kearns that settled in the area, 
living in the same house, which had been 
remodeled, the logs having been covered with 
weather- boarding. 

Abigail and John Randolph Redwine had the 
following children: R.L., John R. Jr., Lilly, Laura, 
Cooper, and David. 

Reid Kearns, the son of Vird, remembered that 
his father and his brothers and sisters who moved 
to Indiana did keep in touch with each other and 
that there was some visiting back and forth. 



3 



World War I 



When World War I came, eleven men 
from Farmer answered the call. They 
were Bob Hammond, Walter R. 
Cranford, John Devon Cranford, Austin Elliott, 



Sr., Van Cranford, Virgil Loflin, Fred Kearns, Sr., 
John Edgar (Bud) Kearns, Ernest Cranford, Jesse 
Garner, and Reid Kearns. Tom Morgan trained at 
Camp Sevier but did not go overseas. 



196 



; J"""***"**"*""****"*"""* 




DIAMOND JUBILEE CERTIFICATE 

PRESENTED 
FOR FAITHFUL AND DEDICATED ALLEGIANCE TO THE IDEALS OF THE AMERICAN LEGION 

BE IT KNOWN THAT 



! 



A REID KEARNS 



HAS BEEN A MEMBER IN GOOD STANDING CONTINUOUSLY FOR 



62 



YEARS 



BE IT FURTHER KNOWN THAT THIS MEMBER IS HEREBY ACCORDED THIS 
RECOGNITION IN GRATEFUL APPRECIATION FROM THE NATIONAL ORGANIZATION OF 
THE AMERICAN LEGION. 

IN WITNESS WHEREOF THIS TESTIMONIAL OF PERSONAL GRATITUDE IS GIVEN 
UNDER THE HAND OF THE NATIONAL COMMANDER, AND DULY ATTESTED BY THE 
NATIONAL ADJUTANT AT INDIANAPOLIS, INDIANA, THIS 11th DAY OF NOVEMBER, 1980. 



ATTEST: 




/ i ^7Fm»n, 



NATIONAL ADJUTANT 




NATION 



Ss22SSS5g55SgSg5B°M°apMa3anBnoooODQM 0aoa!M no oooo Dn o aiaaoonnl ; nDM , m nMnoonn^^^ 

IIIHmillllHIII HI I HIIH I HIIHI <'IT i m i »lll>ll>, l ll i m<ni l H I HIIim il ll ll HUIWH II II III II I HII» 



Certificate awarded to Reid Kearns in honor of his 62 -year membership in the American Legion. 

'97 





<m ** 





*--* 



■I 



Fred Kearns, Sr. 322 Infantry 81st Division. 




Robert (Bob) A. Hammond, Army. 





Jesse Garner. 



Reid Kearns. 



198 





John De Von Cranfbrd. 



Austin Elliott, Sr. 





Walter Ray Cranfbrd. 



Ernest Cranfbrd. 



199 






£3bm- 



£f---e£ . 7.--. ' 



Grade i 






Pr/or service: * . 



~^^*c-e^ 



. enlistment period at date of discharge. 






Noncommissioned o i 

Marksmanship, gunner qualification or rating : f 

Horsemanship: — - - - — 

Battles, engagements, skirmishes, expeditions: 



Knowledge of any Vocation: ^J...^?..^S^S<^^?^-..^^^^.. 

Wounds received in service: ...T]?l.r^.r^.r?.^r. 

Physical condition when discharged: .^^..^..^ .<.... 

Typhoid prophylaxis completed .^..J&i:S.<C. ^.Z.^.f.^f^ 

Paratyphoid prophylaxis completed ^h^.^^r... l.<£_- 

Married or single : T:.~: 

Character: $i^^uLrt£.___'_ 

Remarks: ..^.S.:?,...^.?* ^^^..^..^.....^.^...._^^5^«^^_f-..-. ■. 

/( Jl j^:l(jfJ.:..J^.-^£l &A «■ 4 ~*£*c^- ^fr-.-*^ 4^Zq j^tz^U-t 




Signature of soldier 



^.:u^Z.^i.. 



lamDBOOK, fWK_ 



JTR. 



n/m iran aportat iflp lse ued \ 



/^^.c.<,A....,Z.^..:...^, : .-- 

Commanding &CJi*lL^.ji£jgJ^.S * 



I hereby v cSe>tify trrat this is a true and accurate copy wh ich a ppears on record in the Office of the 
Register of' Deeds of Guilford County, NJj^.cnk ■Emj^^aK^KcAj^^^^^ 

\Vit>tfs S m> i han4 and seal this theff^flday of KiMntWftWwM^ _H 19 ?] 



AV. 



J B CARPENTER, Regisffr o/ Dffrfs. Guilford County, ,V . C 

ByH : _ ni B 



Enlistment Record for Reid Kearns, dated March 5, 1918. 

LOO 




BonoraNc Discharge from CIk United States flijMUt™ 

Hferf for registration on the dfflo T . 

-at *?• 30 o'cIocIJJlM., and duly recorded in 
Office of Register of Deeds of Guilford County, 

C. in Book No. Page Etc 

J. B. CARPENTER 

(7 „ A />. . 
By 

TO ALL WHOM IT MAY (CONCERN 



£M$ H to (&rfify, S^^^Llj^LI£1 




t/.^y^x is^^fc- ':,,„.■ *-sJ.>. ii^Z,^ ti L • 

THE UNITED STATES ARMY, <5tf <s? Testimonial of Honest and Faithful 
Service, <«/ mie/p Honorably Discharged /%w ^ mmfa6u teimct <?/ me 
United States /u Uawu ^U.j..^..^,..4^-^~L..(iCs^..^.ik^.. 

■Jgfap/ f.M.A±-. ..<.... Aj.L:<. &S~*.±.!±.± UH/J /rift 

m .JA££!lJ5Ll£± , m f/e -e&r& <?/... >£* ' 

(/Mm e/iM&r/ #<r waJ ' ...yea-M yaae <me//y eccetrfafati a.'':.rf^.y l*z .<*. .*..:' 

cffie dae/ • ■'. <■ ■ ■ eugj / ....r^..f./.A....4<rU, ..&/.(./...:/. ccmA/gj/en, eme/ 

/eaJ ....' /tef 7 .. 7 /j/c/fJ m weane. 

Xj/riwj/ nue/tl My //r/J/r/ ' t/t L Cu^....-< A .... AL&oo„ f ..J.j«.:^ //tf 

J.r.t aay </ ... *M~c~L.L.i&u/, em /drf&k/ua mne mfttatea tma ^<t.. ^^,wk. ..... 




.ux ,r -^- Wr f h^ n r n« "' bii.. —s«-u&lxa4. _...^.„.c.-.,,/..<-..a, 



e Srst; «. £ . "J'iio Do* " 



•IrowfflWK*, <?4wiia___ 

t Luyurt i'^IMl n Aibo*(jjrA^^^paay ut<l nclnwnt or era «■ corps or d^parsjixot ; «. g , " 1,020,302". "<"<rporaJ, 

Ceet]> is^lfl'T* la&try "; iifiM Qcart«rmxst4r Carpi " ; "Sercewt, First CLtss, Ifolicmi l>fi*rim<-ui " 
I IS d.^-h.ir r f.i BriW K n^emtii— «l Tito, g*» — tw t data, end ■— « «t aroVr or tail d«acriptean of authority therefor. 



' J 



Discharge for Reid Kearns, dated December 14, 1918. 



4 

World War II 



Sixteen men and one woman served in the 
armed forces during World War II, three of 
them giving their all for the cause. They 
were Robert W. Fuller, Charles L. Cranford, 
Claude Stafford (a Marine killed in action), H.L. 
Byrd (a Navy man lost at sea), Keith Hammond, 



Hyatt Hammond, Whitman C. Kearns, Dwight 
Morgan, J.D. Crowell (died of pneumonia in 
Mississippi), Thomas F. Kearns, Catherine 
Crowell, William Hoyt Davis, Ivey Wyatt Nance, 
Charles Nance, James Nance, Max Nance, and 
John F. Cagle. 





William Hoyt Davis 

U.S. Navy. 



Hyatt Hammond 
U.S. Navy. 





Warrant Officer Robert W. Fuller, Jr. 
U.S. Army. 



Catherine Crowell 
U.S. Army Nurses Corps. 




J It ' ilm. " .Mm 




Private Thomas F. Kearns 
U.S. Army. 



Sergeant Charles L. Cranford 
Army Air Force. 





Corporal Ivey Wyatt Nance 
U.S. Army. 



Keith Hammond 
Army Air Force. 



2.03 





Ensign Whitman Kearns 

(later promoted to Captain) 

U.S. Navy. 



Private First Class James Nance 
U.S. Army. 




1 «><***' 




j4* £* 


1 






tH K559I 






[i 


- 




% ''WWiiww '■■■ ■ j 
1 
1 




1 *■ ^1 




I A^ *^* 




flv ^ 


i i 



Seaman First Class Max Nance 
U.S. Navy. 



Corporal Claude Stafford 
U.S. Marines. 



104 





Captain Dwight Morgan 

U.S. Navy. 



Private J. D. CroweLl 
U.S. Army. 





Charles Nance 
U.S. Army, September 1943 — December 1945. 



Lieutenant Colonel John F. Cagle 
Chaplain, U.S. Army. 



2.05 



VII — Cemeteries 

Kearns Cemetery 
Farmer Cemetery 
Salem Methodist Cemetery 
Hoover Cemetery 
Death Dates 



2-07 



Kearns Cemetery 



Several members of the Kearns Clan suc- 
cumbed to the call of the past in 1979, and 
on a Saturday in October of that year, made 
a safari, by foot and jeep, to the burial ground of 
their ancestors, who settled on Second Creek in 
the Salem Church community southwest of 
Farmer about 1760. They fought their way from 
behind the Negro Salem United Church of Christ 
for a mile and a quarter through second -growth 
bushes and trees to find the Kearns Cemetery 
that, in the days of different roads and settle- 
ments, was probably a very public place. 

The group was made up of Charles Lester Cran- 
ford, Branson Nance, Wilbur and Neale Kearns, 
Wade Walker, Leah Hammond, Reece Crouse, 
and Nancy Kearns Crouse Jeffries, all fifth and 
sixth generations of William and Mary King 
Kearns (Keerans) who first came to the area about 
1760. From their lives filled with activities remote 
from those who barehanded first carved their 
homes out of the wilderness, these Kearns and 
relatives sought to establish a new relationship 
with their pioneering forefathers. 




The group that laid the old Kearns Cemetery Memorial 
Stone October 11, 1980. Front row, left to right: Jack 
Cameron, Wilbur Kearns, Martin Cranfbrd, Carl Kearns. 
Back row, left to right: Whitman Kearns, Lester Cranford, 
Lester Kearns, Wade Walker, Glenn Kearns. Photograph 
was taken by Neale Kearns. 



According to Nancy K.C. Jeffries: "Lester 
Cranford, who lives in the vicinity of the 
cemetery, saw the cemetery to the left, and when 
I looked where he was pointing, I felt a lump in 
my throat for these people that I did not know, 
people that I had read about, the people that 
were just everyday people, but they had made my 
life possible. The tiny slate stones appeared to 
grow out of the ground! The roots were growing 
into some of the stones. . .We traced the writing 
with chalk and recorded what we found. . .1 was 
not ready to leave. . ." 

That day the group decided the cemetery 
needed a new stone, since the old slate headpieces 
would ultimately deteriorate to the point that 
their story would be lost, Lester Cranford reports 
the remainder of the event: 

"Saturday afternoon, October 11, 1980, the 
stone was placed at the old Kearns Cemetery, as a 
memorial to our Kearns ancestors. The sun was 
shining bright and the weather could not have 
been more beautiful. 

"The stone had been waiting in the Carson 
Cranford barn until the Kearns relatives could get 
together to take it to the cemetery. Martin Cran- 
ford hauled the marker with a front- end loader, 
as it was too heavy for four men to carry. Wade 
Walker furnished a four-wheel-drive pickup to 
carry the personnel and the tools used to place the 
stone. 




The Old Kearns Cemetery, which lies in the Second Creek 
Community. Started in the late 1700's. 



2.09 



"The work was accomplished successfully with 
the expertise and skill of Whitman Kearns, Carl 
Kearns, Wilbur Kearns, Neale Kearns, Lester 
Kearns, Glenn Kearns, Jack Cameron, Martin 
Cranford, Charles Lester Cranford, and Wade 
Walker. (An honorary Kearns degree was be- 
stowed upon Wade Walker that day by Charles L. 
Cranford. Wade has made that trip, up and down 
hill, over field and stream, taking the Kearns Clan 
to the old cemetery, until he has earned the 
Kearns title). 

"After the stone was cemented into its place, 
Neale Kearns made a few remarks in regard to our 



ancestors and prayed a prayer (of thanks) for our 
forefathers who had the foresight to come to 
America. 

"The new stone will tell us for all generations to 
come who lived, worked, and died in this lovely 
community of rolling hills in Randolph County, 
North Carolina." 

Contributing to the expenses of the stone were 
Kearns -Wood -Johnson relatives, the Kearns 
Davidson County group, and the Kearns clan in 
High Point. 

Whitman Kearns lives in Nevada and Jack 
Cameron resides in Smithfield, N.C. 





IN MEMORY OF 

.william kearns 
Mary king kearns 
"silas kearns 

JANE THOMPSON KEARNS 

WILLIAM T. KEARNS 

HENRY LONDON 

MARY LYNDON 

JOSIAH LYNDON 

ABSYLLA PEACOCK 

FETTRA BLACKMAN 

AND THE UNKNOWNS 




Marker placed by the Kearns and Lyndon relatives and friends to commemorate the first setders of the land, the Kearns and 
Lyndons having come to Second Creek sometime in the latter part of the 18th Century. 



2. 

Farmer Cemetery 



The Farmer Cemetery was started as early as 
1848 when Edwin Sneed was buried there. 
(Some of the Farmer citizens placed a 
marker at his grave in 1980.) The first tombstone 
was erected for a Mr. Thornburg in 1859, 122 
years ago. It still stands. 

The cemetery contains 455 marked graves, and 
possibly some others that have lost their mark- 
ings. The Kearns name appears most frequently. 

Although the grounds have no official care- 
taker, Percy Morgan, one of Farmer's elder 
citizens has assumed that role. He keeps the lanes 
mowed, the weeds cut from the graves, and the 
stones erect. 




The Farmer Cemetery. The first headstone was erected for 
Jesse Thornburg August 16, 1859- 




*.*»ib 




it" - * •■ *..■'' ' 



0&* '•';**: - «, - 



"-*- ■* -■■*t^* ; 



i8S^^^^:^i-^-/¥' ::"^"< ;; .'^7*; 



An overview of the Farmer Cemetery, started in 1848. 



'--*■ 



in 



3 

Salem Methodist Cemetery 



Tie Salem Methodist Cemetery is one of 
the oldest in the area. In a grove back of 
the main cemetery covered with periwin- 
kle (known as grave vine), is an area covered with 
slate rocks. People, including Carl Nance and 
Carson Cranford have always said these were slave 
graves. 

This cemetery was in existence many years 
before Farmer Cemetery. Therefore many of the 
Kearns from the Farmer area and even some from 
Davidson County were buried here. Many grand- 
sons and great-grandsons of William and Mary 
King Kearns were buried in this cemetery along 



with the Johnsons, Steeds and Thompsons. 
Several of those who built the present building at 
Salem in 1881 are buried there. 

Some of the older dates on stones are as 
follows: 

John C. Kearns, 1858 

Branson E. Kearns, 1854 

Priscilla Johnson Elliott, 1843 

Josiah Kearns, 1856 

John C. Kearns, (father of John C. and Branson 

E. above) 1858 

Jessie Kearns, 1863 




Salem United Methodist Church Cemetery 



4 

Hoover Cemetery 



The Hoover Cemetery in western Randolph 
County contains the graves of Andrew 
Hoover, the great great great grandfather 
of ex- President Herbert Clark Hoover, and other 
ancestry of the 31st President of the United 
States. 

Located a mile or so off the main road in the 
Hoover's Grove Church community, between 
Parker's Mill site on the Uwharrie and Jackson's 
Creek, the cemetery lay unkept and virtually 
unknown for more than a century before Victor 
Parker, operator of Parker's Mill for 33 years 
before it closed in 1945, became interested in the 
burial ground in 1928. He contacted TheodoreJ. 
Hoover, Dean of Engineering at Stanford Univer- 
sity in California and the President's brother, and 



they collaborated in the restoration project, clean- 
ing up the grounds and erecting a large stone 
marking the grave of Andrew Hoover. 

In addition to the Andrew Hoover grave, the 
cemetery contains twenty- three others. Some of 
the slate rock markers include the names of A. 
Hoover, Amy Johnson, Mart Johnson, Lewis 
Johnson, Rachel Hoover, and Nancy Yats. Some 
of the Hoover family migrated to Ohio and In- 
diana in the mid 1800's, Herbert Hoover's 
ancestors among them. 

Other members of the Hoover family of that 
period were buried at Hoover's Grove Wesleyan 
Methodist Church and at the Pleasant Union 
Christian Church. 



5 



Death Dates 



1909 
1954 
1958 
1960 
I960 
1969 
1973 
1974 



Hammonds — 

Garland May 8 

Madison January 4 

Nepsie Vetura June 21 

Carl Harris August 1 5 

John Robert (Bob) September 27 

Edith Parrish May 8 

Thomas Winborne April 2 

Carrie Cranford November 11 

Others — 

T.W. Bingham December, 1958 

Conrad Homey August, 1963 

Mrs. George Hulin October, 1975 

Mrs. Spillman October, 1875 

Ina Harris October, 1975 

Mitty Harris September, 1975 

Lula Bisher May, 1975 

Edward Morgan March, 1975 

Fred Hunt March, 1975 

Lucille Gregg February, 1975 

Sarah Rush June, 1976 

Richard Garner June, 1976 



Gowan Hulin January 

Gale Hussey January 

Worth Garner March 

Tom Morgan May 

Sam Morgan May 

Mrs. Cameron Morgan May 

Mrs. Ben Morgan May 

C. Elbert Kearns May 

Mrs. Elbert Kearns May 

Hope Hubbard July 

Troy Trotter July 

Faedene Ridge Kirk July 

Nellie T. Bingham August 

H. Moodie Hunt August 

Charles L. Harris November 

Ellen Opal McDowell December 

Joseph Clay Delk January 

Elzie Hulin February 

Reggie McDowell February 

Homer Lanier February 

Mary Bingham Tedder March 

Walter Waynick December 

R.R. Bracken March 



1976 
1976 
1976 
1976 

1977 
1977 
1977 
1977 
1977 
1977 
1977 
1977 
1977 
1977 
1977 
1977 
1978 
1978 
1978 
1978 
1978 
1978 
1979 



"^ 



VIII — Post Offices 



Farmer 

Reading the Mail at Farmer 

Other Post Offices of the Past 



"5 



Farmer Post Office 



ft? 




4 ^s^ 




f *_, . ^ - 




ctoLAWlSA-s /Z ^ 









An envelope bearing the Farmer postmark. 



A post office was established at Farmers in 
1875. It operated as a fourth class office 
until 1956, when it was changed to a 
contract "Station" (an office which is operated by 
someone under contract as opposed to working in 
the Civil Service). It maintains that status today 
(1981). 

The first office was located in a building which 
stood in the area occupied by the Dr. Hubbard 
home today, and Mrs. Jimmy Skeen served as the 



first postmistress. George Gallimore had the con- 
tract to carry the mail to Thomasville once a week. 
He or one of his hired men took the mail by 
buggy on the two -day trip. Their going and com- 
ing became a familiar scene to the residents of 
Farmers. 

Following Mrs. Skeen as postmasters at Farmers 
(the name was changed to Farmer sometime 
around the turn of the century) were N.W. 
Newby, Gid Macon, and Bob Dorsett. 



"7 



At some date early in the Twentieth Century, 
Lineberry Hill, who also operated a grist mill near 
where the Fred Bingham house now stands, and 
ran a store where Lawson Lowe lives, served as 
postmaster until 1927, keeping the office in his 
store. 

In 1927, Percy Morgan became the postmaster 
and he and Bunkster Bingham, Percy's cousin, 
bought the Hill store. In 1930, they moved the 
store a hundred or so yards west to the side of the 
new Highway 62, where the post office remained 
until 1946 when it was moved into a building of 
its own adjoining the Bob Hammond store. It re- 
mains at that location at the present. 

Through the years, the office has been served 
by a civil service carrier out of Asheboro and a star 
route (a contract carrier) from Denton. 

During the century the Post Office has served 
the people of Farmer, it has become part and 
parcel of their lives, as much so as eating ham 
biscuits and blackberry cobbler, or getting up at 
dawn to feed the pigs and chickens. So, it came as 
a shock in the spring of 1980, when, because of a 
shift in priorities, the Postal Department an- 
nounced that the Farmer Station would be dis- 
continued at a given date. The news upset the 
Farmer folk about as much as the announcement 
of an impending earthquake might have. 

Coincidentally, the announced change came 
on the heels of a request of a raise by the current 
postmistress (station manager), Ocia Morgan — a 
raise from $100 to $125 per month, out of which 
she pays rent on the station, the fuel -for- heating 
bill, and the electrical bill. The announcement 
incensed and infuriated the Farmer populace who 
had come to look upon the office (and barber 
shop) as an indispensable part of their lives and a 
cherished bit of their peculiar heritage. 

In anger the Farmer citizens again became 
"regulators," taking up arms in the form of pens 
and typewriters — with sympathetic help from 
newspapers, radio and television stations — and 
went after the bureaucrats in Washington. They 
wrote letters, gave interviews, talked (and maybe 
cussed a little here and there) — gave the situation 
the "works" in so far as publicity was concerned. 

And they "saved" the station from its bureau- 
cratic demise. Jean Kenyon, who works in the 
store next door, was one of those who helped save 



it. She says, "People don't like the idea of closing 
the station. It's always been here. It's a natural 
part of the community. 

Perhaps Doug Clark, writing in the High 
Point Enterprise, summed up the situation most 
succinctly: 

"Farmer — it's more than a crossroads, really. 
It's an intersection of life, wonderfully, richly pre- 
served. Much as it has always been. Its name tells 
the story: Farmer. It evokes images of simple, 
hardworking, close-knit people. They're scattered 
around a meeting of state roads in southwestern 
Randolph County. One way goes to Denton, 
another to Asheboro. There's a school, a seed 
cleaning company, a couple of churches, some 
dwellings, a store, and above all, the Farmer 
Rural Post Office." 

The quantity of service fluctuates somewhat 
from year to year, but the customers today are 
about as numerous as ever. The station has twenty 
boxholders, including the Garner Seed Com- 
pany, the school, and a community of people 
who buy stamps and money orders and mail 
packages when it's inconvenient for them to meet 
the rural carrier. 

In lieu of the raise Ms. Morgan asked for last 
spring, the Postal Department offered her an 
alternative, which to her was unthinkable: shorter 
hours. 

Because "farmers get out early," she says, she 
opens the station at 7:15, takes two hours for 
lunch, and closes at 5. "I've always done this," she 
says. "The patrons wouldn't like it if I didn't 
come in but four hours every day. I'd rather leave 
it like this. I feel like I have to work to serve the 
people the best I can." 

But unlike the time Ms. Morgan, who had 
substituted for her brother Percy when he was 
postmaster, became the station manager, there is 
no one to carry on when she retires. The office, 
with its barber chair, the neighbors (more neigh- 
bors than cusomers) sitting around the coal- 
burning stove swapping family and community 
news, and the quiet, unhurried atmosphere of 
the rural crossroads, will, unless someone else is 
willing to shoulder the long-hour, little-pay 
burden — like the once famous Farmers Insti- 
tute— become a fading memory. 



118 




Percy Morgan, postmaster from 1927 - 1963, in front of the Farmer Post Office. 



119 



2. 

Reading the Mail at Farmer 



Anyone in the community of Farmer who 
wants to read their mail in comfort, 
merely has to sit down in the barber's 
chair in the post orifice. 

That's what "Postmaster" Miss Ocia Morgan 
was doing the other day. 

She was sitting back and reading her news- 
paper, oblivious to the fact that visitors are sur- 
prised to find a good old tonsorial chair in the 
place. 

Farmer is a rural postal station now, but it still 
retains all the vestiges of a small town post office. 
Posters and pigeon-holes for mail still predomi- 
nate the small space and because the tiny lobby 
was once a barbershop, the chair is still there too. 

Miss Morgan has been "postmaster" for the past 
five years, but her brother, Percy preceded her. 
"My brother was both postmaster and barber," 



she said, "and his shop and post office were one 
and the same. 

"He was postmaster until 1956 when Farmer 
became a rural station under Asheboro. He 
became station clerk then, and operated it until 
1963, when I became clerk," she explained. 

Brother Percy's part-time barbershop is still in- 
tact, including the small iron stove with an iron 
kettle perched upon it. 

Miss Morgan chatted awhile and even divulged 
the origin of her musical sounding name Ocia. 

"My father was a teacher," she related "and he 
had one student whom he thought outstanding. 
Her name was Ocia Redding; he admired her 
scholastic abilities and he named me after her," 
she related. 

From a newspaper article by Henry King. 




Ocia Morgan, present postmaster at Farmer. 



3 

Post Offices in the Farmer Area 



Lassiter's Mill 1848- 1917 

Science Hill 1854-1905 

New Hope Academy 1859- 1935 

Jackson's Creek 1859- 1953 

*Flora 1883-1914 

Mechanic 1884-1931 

Bombay 1889-1917 

Martha 1894-1916 

*Pipe 1912-1920 

*Sol 1906-1917 



* Flora was located in the home of Barnum 
Bingham, who lived in the Canaan Church 
Community. 

*Pipe was located in the home of Mrs. Florence 
Luther who lived near Lassiter's Mill, then 
moved to the home of Colonel M. Loflin, who 

ran it until it closed. 

*Sol was located in Bob Johnson's store on 
Second Creek. 




Pipe Post Office, operated by Mrs. Elsa Luther, circa 1912. Present owner is Carl Loflin. 



[No. G] 



($>M\Uftm\U jfttato oi jkmtnt*. 

U (SO 



POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT. 

^y / APPOINTMENT BUREAU, 



■ ©£C#**4a&+m*&r G 'f ia ., 



(^<c, jf, '$6/ 



Sir: 



<jr 



The Po&tmasteh General has appointed you POSTMASTER at' '/'/'' ff.' "-^'^ 

County of <■ A. e* *. <rX <*-^L-/C Stat.- of Jf . ■& . 

in which capacity you will bo authorized to act upon complying with the following requirements: 

1st. To execute the enclosed bond and cause it to be executed bv two sufficient sureties, in the 
presence of suitable witnesses; and the sufficiency of the sureties, and their oath or affirmation, to be 
certified by a qualified magistrate. 

2d. To take and subscribe the oath or affirmation of office enclosed, before a magistrate, who 
will certify the same, and deposit them in the mail, under an enrclopr, addressed to me. 

After the receipt, at this Department, of vour bond and qualification, duly executed and certi- 
fied, and the approval of the same by the Postmaster General, a commission will, in dvc course of businexs. 
be sent to you. 

You will then be entitled to enter upon the duties of the office,_iind to take charge of the public 
property belonging to the Post Office, aforesaid, such as desks, cases, boxes, tables of the Post Office, 
laws and instructions, mail keys, blanks, letters ami papers on hand, and stationery. 

If you accept the appointment, the bond and oath must be executed and returned without 
delay. If you decline, notice thereof should be immediately given to this office. 

It will be your duty to continue in the charge of the office, either personally or by assistant, 
until you are relieved from it bv the consent of the Department, which will be signified by the discon- 
tinuance of your office, or the appointment of your successor. 

Respectfully, ■ 

Your obedient servant, 





-y 



Chief of Appointment Bureau 



< . & <zA/^ /i: 



N. B. — The quarters expire on the 31st of March, 30th June, 30th September, and 31st December. Accounts must be rendered fur 
each quarter within two days after its close. 

Postmasters are not authorized to give credit for postage.. Want of iunds, therefore, is no excuse for failure of payment. 

A Postmaster mu6t not change the name by which his office is designated on the books of the Department, without the order ol the 
Postmaster General. 

Be careful in mailing letters and transient newspapers, to post-mark each one, in all cases, with the name of your office ajid 
Slate ; and in all communications to the Department, to embrace the date, the name of your Post Office, county, (or district,) and Stak-.. 

In stamping letters, great care should be observed to render the impression distinct and legible. 

Confederate Post Office Appointment Document for Hill's Store Post Office. 



12.1 





Mrs. Rachel Hill, postmistress, Rachel, N.C. 



Martha Post Office in Bob Johnson's Store. Shown in front 
are, left to right, Emogene Cranford and Ruth Johnson. In 
back are, left to right, Carl Kearns and Allen Kearns. 



V, 

-. i v 



jj 







Hill's Store Post Office, operated by George Adderton in 1861. Present owner is Marshall Thornburg. 

2-2-3 



IX — Recent Changes 

Farmer Fire Department 

New Hope Volunteer Fire Department 

New Industries 

A Statistical Capsule 



2-2-5 



Farmer Fere Department 



A need for fire protection was realized in 
Farmer more acutely on March 9, 1969, 
after the home of R.L. Davis was com- 
pletely destroyed. 

Shortly thereafter, during a meeting of inter- 
ested people, Thomas Spencer was authorized to 
apply for a charter. The charter was approved on 
May 29th of that same year. 

A group of seven men were the first firemen: 
Charlie Harris, Gene Harris, Joe Elliott, Jerry 
Elliott, Homer Hughes, Whitman Garner and 
John Owens. 

The first equipment was a 1951 Ford Fire Truck 
purchased shortly after the department was 
chartered, costing twenty-five hundred dollars. 
This created a need for money, and it was bor- 
rowed. Shortly afterwards a 1952 gas truck was 
donated. The firemen and interested people con- 
verted it into a tanker for hauling water. Later, a 
jeep was purchased from army surplus in Raleigh 
to fight wood fires. This had to be tepaired, a 
tank installed and pump attached. 

Land for the fire station was donated by Mr. 
and Mrs. R.L. Davis. The building consisted of 3 
bays for trucks, office, two baths and a small room 
for four bunk beds. It was constructed and fur- 
nished through the joint efforts of the firemen 
and community. The roof was installed in 
Septembet 1970. 

The first official board was made up of W.A. 
Hammond, Alton Wall, Thomas Spencer, Dolan 



Surratt, Ocia Morgan, Astor Delk, Jack Lanier 
and Dallas McDowell. 

The first fire chief was Charlie Harris. Then 
came the following in order named: Gene Harris, 
Homer Hughes, Clifford Elliott, Joe Elliott, and 
Roger King. 

The first treasurer was Thomas Spencer. Then 
came the following in order named: Charles 
Elliott, Clifford Elliott, Jerry Elliott, and Reid 
Craig. 

A fee of ten dollars was asked from all home 
owners, but this was not nearly enough to finance 
the department. Several means of raising money 
were tried, but bar-b-que has been most suc- 
cessful. A pit was built behind the fire station and 
all firemen are responsible for cooking. This is 
done mostly for holidays. Also a fee of twenty 
dollars was asked in 1980 for each home owner. 

In 1974 the depattment began replacing old 
equipment. A 1961 Ford Pumper, a new 1976 
Chevrolet (four wheel drive) Pick Up Truck with 
250 gal. skid tank with gas powered pump for 
fighting wood fires and a new 1978 F-700 Ford 
Pumper-Tanker has been purchased. The 1952 
Ford Tanker is still in use. Other equipment in- 
cludes a ten horse-power siren, base radio station, 
twenty-one pagers, three mobile radios, and a 
drop tank. 

Today, (March 19, 1981), the following are fire 
fighters: W.A. Hammond, Robert Skeen, Hoyt 
Davis, Homer Hughes, Whitman Garner, 




Farmer Volunteer Fire Department. 

2-2-7 



Dwayne Garner, Ricky Leonard, Reid Craig, Joe 
Elliott, Kent Elliott, Clifford Elliott, Gene Harris, 
Jerry Elliott, Terry Gardner, John Owens, Roy 
Smith, Elbert Leviner, Steve Nance, Michael 
Yates, Roger King, Chief, Doris Hammond, Col- 
ette Skeen, Peggy Hughes, Shelby Harris, Barbara 
McDowell and Eulah Davis. 

In 1981 the department has four licensed 
Emergency Medical Technicians. They are Doris 
Hammond, Roger King, Dwayne Garner and 
Steve Nance. 



A new official board elected July 1980 consists 
of Delbert Cranford — President, Hoyt Davis, 
Robert Skeen, Carson Parker, Max Lanier, Gene 
Harris, Kermit Hancock, W.A. Hammond, 
Roger Greene and Lawson Lowe. 

A small rock and base for flag pole has been 
erected by firemen as a memorial for deceased 
firemen. Two names have been placed on the 
marker: 

Johnny Gordon — September 1971 

Charlie Harris — November 1977 



X 



New Hope 
Volunteer Fire Department 



The New Hope Volunteer Fire Department 
was organized March 21, 1976, with the 
following officers elected: Alvin Hogan, 
president; Roy Cranford, vice president; Jean- 
nette Hopkins, secretary; and Baxter Surratt, 
treasurer. The board of directors consisted of 
Wiley Hurley, Arnold Russell, Wiley J. Hurley, 
Herman Hogan, and Daniel Earnhart. 

The first Fire Chief was Harold Cagle. He was 
followed by Herman Hogan. Leslie Hogan serves 
at present (1981). 

For the station and a community building that 
was added to it, the board bought two acres of 
land from Buren and Mada Luther. A truck was 



the first item of equipment purchased, with two 
additional trucks and equipment being secured 
later. Many people in the community donated 
building matetial and labor to the construction of 
the building complex. 

A supper is held every third Saturday night to 
help with the expenses. Along with the depart- 
ment, a Ladies Auxiliary was formed in 1976. The 
auxiliary's function is to help raise money for the 
operation of the department. The following 
officers were elected to the auxiliary: Judith Sur- 
ratt, president; Connie Hogan, vice president; 
Carolyn Brown, secretary; and Nancy Hogan, 
treasurer. 




New Hope Volunteer Fire Department. 



2.2.8 



3 

New Industries 



Two new companies have been established 
in recent years in the New Hope area: the 
Hogan Dimension Mill, Inc., and the Sur- 
ratt Plumbing and Heating Company. 

An outgrowth of the Hogan Lumber and Chip 
Company, the Hogan Dimension Mill builds fur- 
niture frames and dimensions. They began opera- 
tions on August 16, 1979, and at present (1981) 
employ thirty people. With Treece Hogan presi- 
dent, the company is in the process of expanding, 
doubling its floor space. It is located on N.C. 
State Road 1103, R#2, Denton. 

The other recently formed enterprise, the Sur- 
ratt Plumbing and Heating Company, is operated 
by the brothers Charles and Baxter Surratt. It is 
also located on R#2, Denton, and serves a large 
area in New Hope and Concord townships. 





J.H. Henson, operator of Tom's Creek Nursery. 



Mr. and Mrs. Treece Hogan, operators of Hogan Dimension 
Mill. 




Wallace Garner, operator of Garner Seed Company. 



2-2-9 




Charles Surratt (left) and Baxter Surratt (right). Owners of Surratt Plumbing and Heating Company. 



4 



A Statistical Capsule 



No Indians remain in the Farmer area. 

Six Black families make their homes in Concord 
Township. 

Tobacco, which was once grown on a small scale 
in the community, has been phased out until 
none is being produced at this time. 

Sixty percent of the land is still in forest, but 
"saw" timber is becoming scarce. 



Corn is the leading crop; small grains (wheat, 
oats, rye) are second; soybeans, third. 

Corn yields about 100 bushels per acre average; 
wheat, 35 bushels; soybeans, 28 bushels. 

Cropland in the Farmer area is valued at $800 to 
$1,000 per acre, with "development" land much 
higher. 




Aerial view of Uwharrie Golf Course operated by Mr. and Mrs. Ray Cummings. 

2.30 



X — Memorabilia 

Uwharrie River Floors 

Moving in 191 2. 

jube horney's back porch store 

John Dunbar's Balky Horse 

Saltpeter Branch 

Farmer Participates in Pageant 

Jackson Creek Bridge 

The Jesse Phillips Story 

A Hoover Story 

Gabriel Blows His Horn 

Black People of Farmer 

U. Winston "Dump" Lassiter 

Lassiter's Mill 

Hope Hubbard's Museum 

A Reid Kearns Story 

A Lesson in Collecting 

"I'll Be There. . ." 

Frederick Farmer's Will 

The Madison Hammond House 

An Assortment of Memories 



2-3 1 



Uwharrie River Floods 



In addition to some historical records about 
floods on the Uwharrie, some of the Farmer 
natives remember at least one that devastated 
the fields along its banks. 

Elizabeth Fuller Patton, who operates a horse 
farm on the old Fuller place on the river north of 
Farmer, says that her mother, Mrs. Mabel Kearns 
Fuller and her grandmother, Mrs. Lenora Lassiter 
Kearns, used to talk about one of the freshets. In 
1916 the waters rose so high that people could 
stand on the Dunbar Bridge and pick up water- 
melons from the river as the waters swept them 



downstream. 

Percy Morgan says that one of the most exciting 
events in his memory is the time the river rose to 
cover its banks and the bottom lands until the 
waters reached from hill to hill. 

It has also been remembered by Clark Thorn- 
burg that the river rose to push water into the 
Lassiter mill in 1945 — the biggest flood in the 
memory of those living today. That 1945 flood 
was followed by another, not quite so high, in 
1947. 




U0 «'» TF , 



The Dunbar Bridge during the 1918 flood. 



2-53 



2. 



MOVING IN I9ix 



When Moses Morgan moved his family 
from Piney Grove in 1912 to the Ivy 
Johnson place in Farmer, approx- 
imately five miles over the ungraded, red -rutted 
roads of the period, the task seen in the light of 
modern roads and automated vehicles is almost 
incredible. 

Percy Morgan, the second son of Moses, re- 
members the event vividly. He was seventeen at 
the time. They had, besides their household 
goods and furniture, the products of the past 
summer's crop to take from barn and stack, haul 
it across the miles and repack, restack, and 
rehouse everything: corn, wheat, tops and fodder 
(from the corn), and the hay. 

To add to their woes, one of their draft animals 



became sick and they had to borrow a big bay 
horse from Mrs. Morgan's father, Barnum Bing- 
ham, to work with Mack, their mule. They also 
borrowed a team and wagon from Webb Bing- 
ham, Mrs. Morgan's brother. The Webb Bing- 
ham mules were small but spirited, one of them 
ready to kick a man if he got careless. 

After two harrowing days of getting the house 
fit to live in, they took the borrowed mules home, 
but continued to haul odds and ends from the old 
house at Piney Grove through the next several 
weeks, using Saturdays (when Mr. Morgan was 
home from his school), and Christmas holidays. 

"Before it was all over, we'd had all the moving 
we ever wanted," Percy recalls. 




The Moses Morgan family about 1913. Front: Sue, Ocia, and Ila; Percy is on the horse, Mabel, Moses, Flora, Tom, and Ed- 
ward. The other son, Walter, was absent. 



M4 



3 

jube horney's 

Back Porch Store 



Mozelle Horney lives in a house that once 
had in its back porch a Farmers' Alli- 
ance Store. The House, Mozelle's home 
since the death of her parents — Conrad (1963) 
and Mittie (1975) — is located one mile west of 
the Farmer Post Orifice. The original log structure 
(weather boarded now) was erected by Jared 
Horney, Mozelle's great grandfather, on the land 
of his father Jeffrey Horney about 1838. Jared's 
son, Julius (Jube) Philmore Horney remodeled 
the structure and added the two -story front part 
about 1900. 

The evident progressiveness of Jube Horney, 
who educated four of his children to become 
teachers, was undoubtedly the primary factor in 
the establishment of the store in his home in 
1890, as the Farmers' Alliance was founded in 
1887, to a class almost forgotten socially, ignored 
politically, and denied economically — the farm- 
ing class. 

Jube and the other farmers of the state and 
nation were bearing the brunt of the national 
tax burden. Yet the banks, the railroads, and 
the government discriminated against them. 
The banks charged them the highest interest, 
the railroads exacted bigger tolls from farm 
commodities, the government refused to give 
them the tax breaks that it granted shipping and 
manufacturing. The farmers seemed fair game for 
taking. 

But Jube Horney, and millions of farmers like 
him and with some help from men like L.L. Polk, 
publisher of the Progressive Farmer in those years, 
formed the Alliance to fight back. To attract 
members, the Alliance held picnics and barbe- 
ques, to which it invited outstanding speakers, to 
rally the farmers behind the cause. It set up a 
chain of cooperative stores where members could 
buy their needs — groceries, clothes, horse and 
mule gear, tools, seed, salt, and fertilizer — at 
wholesale prices. Thus it was that Jube became a 
merchant. He opened a cooperative store in the 



back porch of his home and operated it until the 
movement began to wane about the turn of the 
century. 

After the Alliance store had to be discontin- 
ued, Horney built a small structure in front of his 
house and operated a store there in conjunction 
with Ivy Johnson until Horney's death in 1910. 

Horney 's daughter, Esta Horney Morgan, who 
makes her home in High Point now, remembers 
that her father stocked calicoes, sheeting, horse- 
shoes, nails, coffee, sugar, candy, and molasses. 
He secured his "black -strap" molasses from Loui- 
siana and sold it in competition with a home- 
grown product made by Bob Steed, who was 
known in the neighborhood as the "Molasses 
Maker." The store kept a number of grain barrels 
in which corn, wheat, oats, and rye that customers 
bartered for merchandise were stored. 




Jube Horney's back porch store. 



2-35 



4 

John Dunbar's Balky Horse 



One story remains about Great Grand- 
father John Dunbar, who owned land 
on each side of the river in the vicinity 
of the bridge. Once, in the days before he built 
the bridge, when he was hauling corn from his 
fields on the west side of the river to his home on 
the other side, one of his horses balked as they 
started up the ford's steep bank. After Dunbar 
had tried to make the horse go and couldn't get it 



to budge, he tied it to a tree that stood by the 
water's edge, unhitched the other one and rode it 
home, leaving the balky animal to stand there in 
the water all night. The next day he went back, 
hitched the other horse up again, got on his load 
of corn, and clucked to them. The balky horse 
pulled his part of the load up the steep bank 
without any hesitation. 




Robert (Bob) Hammond watering horses. 



5 



Saltpeter Branch 



Water used by the crowds camping 
around the Farmer Church (Concord 
Church at that time) during the big 
camp meeting days in the 1870's and 80's came 
from a spring across the road from the camping 
site. The spring is the head of a branch that flows 



into the Uwharrie River about three fourths of a 
mile away, and is called the "Saltpeter" Branch. 
The site was used during the Civil War by Con- 
federate soldiers to obtain the mineral for use in 
making gunpowder. 



136 



6 

Farmer Participates in Pageant 



Farmer folk — adults and children — played 
an important role in a historical pageant of 
North Carolina, "Children of Old Caro- 
lina," during the Randolph County fair in 1932. 
The presentation, sponsored by the Randolph 
chapter of the United Daughters of the Con- 
federacy, was staged at 7:30 p.m. on Sept. 23. 

The following people from Farmer served on 
various committees: the executive committee — 
W.H. Dewar, school principal; casting — Mes- 
dames Claude Dorset, W.H. Dewar, Misses Myr- 
tle Scarboro, Edna Walker, Juanita Kearns, Con- 
nie Cagle, Edith Seaboch, Leah Hammond, 
Messrs. S.A. Cooper, T.W. Ward, and John 



Wagnor; music — Marvin Sexton. 

Part IV of the pageant, titled "Westward Ho!" 
was performed by the Farmer children with 
Dwight Morgan playing the role of Daniel Boone. 

Others performing in the pageant were Charles 
Kearns, Wade Walker, Ruby Jean Vuncannon, 
Vivian Lowe, Hyatt Hammond, Kathleen Lowe, 
David Williams, Paul Vuncannon, Lindsay 
Walker, Bruce Luther, Emogene Cranford, 
Gilbert Cooper, J. C. Ridge, Grace Garner, Esther 
Garner, Christine Ashworth, Oberia Ashworth, 
Claude Williams, Keith Hammond, Eva Lam- 
beth, Lawson Lowe, Harvey Lambeth, Onita 
Cooper, Mozelle Lambeth, and Clegg Garner. 



7 



Jackson Creek Bridge 



Sometime after 1915 the county built a 
covered bridge across Jackson's Creek to 
take the place of the ford on the Farmer- to - 
Tabernacle Road. Sue Morgan Denny, a daughter 
of Moses Morgan, remembers crossing the ford 



once when the water rose into the foot of the 
buggy. She and some other members of the fami- 
ly were on their way to see their mother who was 
in a hospital in High Point. The covered bridge 
was replaced about 1940. 







- C 7 Hif-^i-2 



Jackson Creek Bridge. 
2-37 



The Jesse P hillip s Story 



The Jesse Phillips family lived a few miles 
east of Farmers — in the area where the 
Southwest High School is now located. 
The Phillips home, which was painted white, 
became the post office of the community in 1849 
and operated until 1908. The office was named 
"Whitehouse Post Office." 

Mr. Phillips served as postmaster until he and 
his family left the area in 1874. Levi Branson, 
father of Mrs. Worth Garner (Mary) who remem- 
bered this story, served as postmaster from 1874 
until the office closed in 1908. 

Being a man who wanted his children edu- 
cated, Mr. Phillips moved his family to Trinity, 
where his sons Charles and Guy, and his 



daughters Carrie and Maude, could have the ad- 
vantages of the educational facilities available 
there — especially Trinity College. 

Charles became an educational and religious 
leader, known over the state as a teacher and 
public speaker. Guy became a college professor 
and taught at the University of North Carolina at 
Chapel Hill. Carrie Phillips became a leader in 
educational circles, and was honored by having a 
Guilford County School named for her. 

Craig Phillips, the present Superintendent of 
Public Instruction (1981), is the son of Guy 
Phillips and the grandson of Jesse Phillips who 
once served as postmaster at the Whitehouse Post 
Office in Randolph County. 




Whitehouse Post Office, Hopewell County. Home of Jesse Phillips. 

2.38 



9 

A Hoover Story 



Joseph Hoover, known as "Squire Joe," owned 
a farm on the Uwharrie River in the Parker's 
Mill vicinity, where the original Hoover (An- 
drew) immigrant from Germany settled in 
1774 at the age of 51. He evidently brought with 
him a family consisting of several boys, from 
whom Joseph descended. 

Once Joseph, who died in 1837 and was buried 
in the Hoover Cemetery, was driving a blind 
horse to the top of a hill to get a cart load of pine 
knots. The cart wheel rolled over a rock, and 
cracked it open. John Sinjong, a half Indian who 
was with Hoover, recognized gold in the broken 
stone. 

Squire Hoover began mining operations, 
found good "paydirt," and later sold the mine to 
the Buncombe Mining Company for $20,000. He 
then brought the Julian farm on the river where 



he engaged in farming and merchandizing until 
his death. History has pictured him as a man of 
great influence, always ready to help his 
neighbors, and do his duty as a citizen. His family 
was one of high morality and widely respected. 

In the late 1700's Jacob Hoover's house was 
washed away by a Uwharrie flood. Floods in 1795 
and 1798 caused some of the Hoovers to "pull up 
stakes" and move to the Northwest Territory, now 
Ohio, where Herbert Hoover was born. However, 
the Hoover records show, according to genealogist 
Victor Parker of Parker's Mill, John Hoover, the 
great- great grandfather of Herbert, migrated 
from Maryland to Ohio. 

At least one old record shows that the Hoover 
mill dams (how many did they have?) were 
washed out twice by Uwharrie freshets. 



IO 



Gabriel Blows His Horn 

(And other stories out of the past) 



Orange Pinckey Cranford — who married 
Betty Haltom — got John N. Kearns, 
who did "custom" work for his neigh- 
bors, to thresh his wheat one year. Out of the 
event came a story that John Kearns told with 
relish for many years. The story is related here 
through Austin Elliott, Sr., and Lester Cranford. 
Kearns was using a steam -powered engine to 
run his threshing gin with in those days and when 
darkness caught him at Pink Cranford's barnlot, 
he left the rig there for the night. Sometime later, 
Pink waked to a howling scream that not only 
mystified him but almost scared him out of his 
wits. But being a man of enduring faith, he con- 
cluded that the Angel Gabriel had decided that 
"time will be no more," as the song says, and had 
proceeded to sound the final alarm. Having con- 
cluded, he forthwith roused his family and de- 
manded that they all pray in that final hour, the 



end of the world being at hand. 

The praying went on until someone of the 
family realized that the noise was coming from 
the steam engine that Kearns had left at the barn. 
It, like all steam engines of the day, whistled 
automatically when its boiler cooled down. 




Harvesting Wheat for Threshing. 



& 



HI 



-59 




The "Pink" Cranford House in Davidson County with Aunt Betty Cranford on the porch. 



Another story attributed to John Kearns is 
about Milby Hill. At a Bombay commencement, 
Kearns was selling ice cream, and Milby Hill, who 
had never tasted ice crean before, was gobbling 
his first dish up as if it might get away from him. 
So, Kearns decided to have some fun. He dished 
Hill some more and said, "Eat it in a hurry now, 
or it'll melt." Hill went at it with gusto, but in a 
minute or two he came back to Kearns. "Oooh," 
he said. "The top of my head is about to blow 
off." 

Then Kearns had his laugh. 




Carl Nance had a story he used to tell when 
he wanted to illustrate a seemingly impossible 
situation. 

A frog fell into a well. Then a terrapin came 
along and spoke to the frog. 

"How are you going to get out of there?" 

"I won't ever get out," the frog said in despair. 

But a few days later the terrapin met the frog 
out on high ground. The terrapin said, 

"I thought you told me that you could never 
get out of that well." 

"Aah," the frog answered, "it was this way. A 
snake fell in and I had to get out." 




John N. Kearns. 



Cad Nance. 



240 



II 



Black People of Farmer 



Far Echoes, the Farmer School Yearbook, 
revealed no black faces among its pupils or 
teachers in its 1950 edition. However, the 
1969 edition, four years after desegregation, pic- 
tured 19 black students and one teacher in the 
elementary school. (1969-70 was the final year 
that the high school remained at Farmer.) 

The senior class had two blacks, but the junior, 
sophomore, and freshman classes had none. The 
eighth grade showed four, seventh one, sixth one, 
fifth one, fourth two, third zero, second two, first 
two. The special education class had four. 

These statistics suggest two circumstances: 
1 . the ancestors of the Farmer people owned few 
slaves; 2. the developing social and economic 
structure in the area after the Civil War did not 
entice black families to move into the region. 

*** 

Solomon J. Kearns, the son of the slaves of Ivy 
Kearns, is buried in the Salem Congregational 
Church cemetery in lower Concord Township. 
During the summer of 1980, white friends of 
Solomon, who was born in 1853 and died in 
1942, bought a marker for his grave, which is 
beside the graves of his wife Adelaide and 
daughter Mary. Lester Cranford remembers that 
he and Joseph Wham used to go to his cabin and 
listen to his stories about the "old days." Lester 
also remembers that the walls of Solomon's cabin 
were pretty. The old man had newspapers glued 
to them to keep out the cold. 

Birch and Daisy Cross lived near Bob Johnson's 
store and mill on Second Creek. They had six 
children: Jesse, Clyde, Australia, Connie, Ruth, 
and Wayne. They attended the Salem Church of 
Christ on Highway 49. Daisy taught school in the 
church, walking the three miles to and from 
unless the weather was extremely bad. 

The Cotton women — Harriett and Rena — 
lived in that community also, as did Peter Cotton. 

Bessie Cotton Holt, who lived east of Science 
Hill Church at one time spent her weekdays in 
the home of Dr. C.C. Hubbard. All the black 



people of the community carried on their own 
affairs but often helped the white people with 
housework and on the farms. 



-<^ 




Bessie Bell and Jennie Long. 



I 










The Solomon J. Kearns home. Present owner, C.R. 
Johnson. 



Mi 



I2_ 

U. Winston "Dump" Lassiter 



U Winston "Dump" Lassiter married 
Ora Kearns. They had thirteen chil- 
• dren, one of whom died in infancy. 
Most of the children grew up in the community 
and attended Strieby Church School. Some of 
them attended Peabody Academy in Troy. Others 
went to Bennett College. 

Charles Lassiter, a son, was a graduate of 
Hampton Institute in Virginia and received a 
master's degree from Columbia University in New 
York. Leonard and Harold attended A & T 
College in Greensboro. Harold graduated and 
went on to get a master's degree from New York 
University. 



Kate, a daughter, earned a degree from more 
than one college. She went to Japan and Hong- 
kong to help educate victims of drug addiction. 
She served as Dean of Women at A & T College. 
Vella became a teacher and Mabel married and 
reared a family of five children. Lovell completed 
a business administration course in beauty culture 
in a New York school. 

In later years, the children got together to build 
a new home for their parents at the old home 
place. They brought in brick -making experts, 
who made three kilos of brick for the house. Will, 
one of the older sons, returned to "keep the home 
fires burning." 



\ 



m 




"Dump" Lassiter's home. Bricks made of clay dug from the farm. Charles Lassiter, a son, drew the plans and supervised 
construction. 



*3 



Lassiter's Mill 



Lassiter's Mill — one of the oldest landmarks 
in the larger Farmer community, being 
seven miles downriver from the Dunbar 
Bridge — was the homesite of the first Lassiters to 



live in Randolph County. The family, which had 
its roots in England, came to the county by way of 
Nansemond County, Virginia, to Chowan Coun- 
ty, North Carolina, thence to upper Rowan 



14L 



County, a section of which later became a part of 
Randolph County. 

The genealogical record of the Lassiters shows 
that Josiah and Sarah Hill Lassiter bought 620 
acres of land lying on both sides of the Uwharrie 
River at Walker Creek, on which the mill was 
built. The land purchase from Richard Shackle- 
ford, who had received the land as a grant from 
the state under Gov. Alex Martin, was made in 
1782, three years after the territory was incor- 
porated into Randolph County, indicating that 
the Lassiters had made their home elsewhere in 
Rowan before moving to the Uwharrie tract. 

(The historical map of Randolph for the year 
1779 shows the "Lassiter" mill already in place, a 
fact that suggests the mill had been established 
before the Lassiters arrived, and that the mill took 
the name of the new owners, not of its builder. 
That is, unless the map maker erred in placing 
the mill there when it was built later.) 

Sidelight: Near Lassiter's Mill during the years 
from 1912 to about 1920 a post office called 
"Pipe" operated. It was located in the home of 
Mrs. Florence Luther, who served as postmistress. 
A "Star Route" was maintained between Farmer 



and Pipe. Ocia Morgan, 19-year old daughter of 
Mrs. Flora Morgan, served as "carrier" of the mail, 
usually delivering it by buggy. After the "big 
snow" that fell on March 4, 1927, dumping 30 in- 
ches on level ground and piling up drifts four to 
five feet, Ocia decided to make the trip on 
horseback. She saddled the big mare Bess and set 
out about noon for the fifteen -mile round trip 
journey, a ride that usually took about three 
hours. 

By the time the big- footed mare had fought 
through the snow to Pipe and got halfway back 
home, the afternoon had sped away, dusk had 
settled over the white and weird world, and the 
roadway almost disappeared in the gloom. Still 
confronting the tired and frightened girl and the 
exhausted horse was over two miles of crusting 
snow, growing more and more difficult to make 
any headway in. Fighting panic, she gave the 
horse a free rein, urging her gently along. Even- 
tually the floundering horse carried her into the 
yard, where her family anxiously awaited her 
return. She didn't dismount with her usual agili- 
ty, but half slid off into the waiting arms of her 
brothers and sisters. 







Lassiter's Mill. 

Mi 



H 

Hope Hubbard's Museum 



One of the state's most intetesting private 
museums, according to Charles Man- 
ning writing in the Greensboro Daily 
News in 1962, was one that belonged to Hope 
Hubbard. The owner and curator, Miss Hope 
kept the museum in the upper story of her home, 
which had been the dwelling of her father, the 
late Dr. C.C. Hubbard. 

The museum pieces came in large measure 
from the practice of her father, who had been a 
country doctor in Randolph County for 36 years, 
and had practiced in Wilkes County before that. 
The items were gathered by Miss Hope while she 
accompanied him on his rounds as a girl, then as 
a chauffeur and aide when she grew to woman- 
hood. 

There was a pill tile, used for mixing and cut- 
ting pills; unique bottles with stoppets of cork 
and glass; hundreds of medicine vials; bottles that 



today are collectors' items. Some still had 
medicine in them. 

On the table in the large rooms lay the skeleton 
of a man hanged in 1847, a memento of the doc- 
tor's college days at Jefferson Medical School in 
Philadelphia. 

Her father, Miss Hope said, had been a picker- 
up of things: odd roots, rocks, turtle backs, bullet 
molds, a hammer stone from an ancient Indian 
culture, spear heads that he encouraged the 
neighborhood boys to search out and bring him, 
a brick from Asheboro's first courthouse — built in 
1837, a bear's tusk, a blacksmith -made tooth 
puller, sterling silver hat pins, a tailor's goose for 
pressing pants, candle makers, a spike from the 
Coggins gold mine in Montgomery County. 

Miss Hope's museum was simply another way 
this benefactor found to enhance the lives of her 
neighbors and friends. 




: jS.*T>- 



The C.C. Hubbard Home. 

M4 



A Rhd Kearns Story 



Rodney Stover, son of the Rev. F.T. Stover 
who served the Uwharrie Circuit in 
1911-12, had a pet goat that followed 
him to school at Farmer one day. Some of the 
boys, probably bored with the daily routine, 
coaxed it up the steps to the second floor. They 
got it into a room, then tried to catch it for some 
reason. But it did not take kindly to their ad- 
vances and took the only route it saw to freedom: 
through the large front window, crashing to the 
ground below in a shower of glass. The prolonged 
"blaaaat!" it gave forth as it scrambled to its feet 
and struck out for home supplied the boys with 
their "kick" for the day. 




Reid Kearns. 



16 



A Lesson in Collecting 



Ivey Nance (son of Allen and Sarah Ridge 
Nance) once had a store at Martha, near the 
Concord and New Hope township line. He 
directed his bill -writer to send a particular 
customer, who had not been in the store for a year 
or more, a bill for some purchases he had made 
and had not paid for. But, Ivey told the clerk 
to add an ax and a handle to the itemized list of 
purchases. 

In a day or so, the ex-customer came in, com- 
plaining about Ivey's billing him for something 
that he had not bought, making it plain that he 
wouldn't pay for them. 

"All right, then," Ivey said. "You just pay me 
for those things you did buy, and I'll forget the ax 
and handle." 

Ivey got his money. In later years he moved 
to Troy where he operated a large hardware 
business. 

(Percy Morgan remembered the above story) 




Ivey C. Nance 



2-H 



17 
"I'll Be There. 



JJ 



(Told by "Hub" Kearns) 



During the sawmill days in the Burkhead 
Mountains, a steam engine was about to 
blow its boiler. Word was passed 
around for all hands, if they wished to get home 
in one piece, to vacate the place, but quick. Now 
Jim Hoover, one of the black hired men, rode a 
mule to work every day and tied it to a tree some 



distance above the millyard. 

When the word came that day that the boiler 
was about to go, Jim began the evacuation right 
then and there, yelling to the Bossman Will Briles 
to turn "Old Zeb" loose. "Tell him," Jim added, 
"that I'll be there when he gets there!" 




18 

Fredericx Farmer's Will 



I: 



I n the name of God, Amen," Frederick 
Farmer began his will in 1808. "I, 
.Frederick Farmer of the State of North 
Carolina and the County of Randolph, being of 
sound and perfect mind and memory, do on this 
15th day of October in the year of our Lord, in 
1808, make and publish this my last will and 
testament in the following manner, that is to 
say — First, I give and bequeath my beloved wife 
Mary the plantation whereon I now live, together 
with the farming utensils consisting of plows, 
hoes, axes, etc., and my best waggon and the 
following Negro slaves, to wit: Adam, Pat, and 
Dallah, and two of my best horses and four head 
of cows and calves, six head of sheep, a good kill- 
ing of hogs sufficient for the family consumption 
for one year, and three sows and pigs, four feather 
beds and furniture, one desk, and the best of the 
kitchen furniture consisting of pots and pans 
sufficient for her to house keep — 

The above property to be kept by her for her 
use and support during her natural life, and at 
her decease, to be returned to the personal estate 
of the above named Frederick Farmer (*A Negro 
Millah excepted who is to be left to my daughter 
Mary) and all to be sold agreeable to the law and 



the money arising from such sale to be equally 
divided between my four daughters, to wit: Leah, 
Martha, Mary, and Tabitha. 2. I give unto my 
daughter Leah my Negro woman Dollah and her 
increase, my Negro boy Isaac and my girl Doll — 
3 . I give unto my daughter Martha my Negro girl 
Becha and her increase, my Negro boy Ned and 
my Negro girl Dahhna — 4. I give my daughter 
Mary 200 acres of land and my Negro fellow 
Minter and Negro girl Millah (at the decease of 
her mother) and her increase — 5.1 give to my 
daughter Tabitha 180 acres of land whereon Mark 
Steed now lives, and my Negro girl Taines and 
my Negro girl Darkes. 

Lastly I hereby ordain and make my worthy 
friends Benjamin Steed and Colin Steed Ex- 
ecutors of my last will and testament. In witness 
whereof I the said Frederick Farmer have to my 
last will and testament set in my hand and seal 
the day and year above written, signed, sealed, 
published, and declared in the presence of us — 
Wm. Thornburg 

Ed. Bingham Frederick Farmer 

(Frederick Farmer is believed by historians to be 
the source for the name "Farmers," which the 
village of Farmer was first called — Ed.) 



l 9 



The Madison Hammond House 



The Madison Hammond house, a large 
white structure that stood just north of 
where the Farmer School building stands 
today, became one of the village's outstanding 
landmarks for many years, and was memorialized 
in an article written by Hope Hubbard for the 
Courier-Tribune and published in 1958. Writing 
shortly after S.D. Lowe, with the help of his 
"grandsons and some other boys in the neighbor- 



hood," razed the house to make room for more 
classrooms in the high school, "Miss Hope" (as 
she was affectionately known) said: "The rooms 
are complete and classes have moved in, and now 
the trees have been removed, the lot leveled, and 
the entire landscape changed." 

Then "Miss Hope" gave the history of the 
Hammond House, described by some who re- 
member it as being big — big to the point that it 



M7 



seemed to dominate the rural scene. She con- 
sulted the county records and went to J. Warren 
Rush, then 92, for her information. 

In June, 1877 ("Miss Hope" wrote), James C. 
Skeen (Jimmy) and his wife Emily and Mrs. 
Skeen's mother, Lucy Thornburg, deeded one 
acre of land to Nathan W. Newby. In August, 
1877, Gideon Macon, Sr., deeded two acres to 
N.W. and B.F. Newby. In 1880 three quarters of 
an acre more was deeded to the Newbys by 
Macon. Within the period, a store was being built 
facing Moore's road — the road running north and 
south through the village and crossing the 
Farmer- Mechanic Road (known also as the Dun- 
bar Bridge Road) at right angles. Moore's Road 
ran from the Old Plank Road near Sophia to Troy 
and was an important north -south thoroughfare. 

(Moore's Road, which ran north from Farmer 
by the Orpheus Kearns home, was abandoned in 
1930 when the new highway number 62 — later 
49 — was built along a route a few rods to the 
west — ed.) 

N.W. Newby built and lived in the house now 
owned by C.C. Allred, and B.F. Newby lived in 
the house that stood between the school and the 
road. This was torn down in the early thirties. It 
was the home of Mrs. Rosa Kearns, and for a 
number of years many high school students had 
rooms there. 



The Newby brothers ran a general store. B. 
Frank Newby married a daughter of Jimmy 
Skeen, who lived where Hope Hubbard now 
lives. The house was built by his father-in-law 
Jesse Thornburg. B. Frank Newby moved to 
Iredell County and N.W. continued to operate 
the store for a time. He built and moved into the 
house now owned by Paul Skeen. There his wife, 
who was Nannie Lewis, died. Later he sold the 
store to Orpheus and Ed Kearns, who operated it 
for a few years. 

In January, 1908, the Kearnses sold the store 
stock to J.F. Delk and J.F. Cameron, and Pearl 
Cameron served as clerk for a short while. The 
Farmer-Denton Telephone Company, which was 
organized in 1903, had its central office in the rear 
of the store for a time, but gave no service 
at nights or on Sunday. The central office was 
moved to the home of Gideon Macon, Jr., and 
night service became available if the operator 
could be wakened. 

Delk and Cameron sold the store to Hendrix 
Skeen and Henry Moffitt, who ran it for some 
time. 

In the meantime, Irvin Kearns had erected a 
large two-story building between the store and 
the Farmer- Mechanic Road. The second story of 
the new building was used by the Junior Order of 
the United American Mechanics. The post office 




Newby Store remodeled into a dwelling. Residents: J. R. Hammond, then Madison Hammond. In the back, on the left is old 
Farmer School. 



^48 



was also moved from G.T. Macon's store to the 
Kearns Building. 

Delk and Cameron deeded the store building 
and lot to Joe S. Presnell in September, 1913, and 
Presnell used the store and new materials to build 
a nine -room house — the house recently torn 
away. He and his family lived there until 1918, 
when he sold the house to Madison Hammond, 
who rented it to Harris Hill first, then to the 
Milton Skeen family. In 1922, Bob Hammond, 
Madison Hammond's son, moved into the house 
and occupied it for fifteen years. When Bob built 



his home and moved into it, Madison, who had 
been living on his farm on the Uwharrie River, 
moved into the big white house and lived there 
until he built a more modern home immediately 
across the old Moore's Road. 

A number of other families made the big white 
house their home after the Hammonds moved 
out, maintaining it as a landmark and link be- 
tween the past and present until progress 
demanded its removal. Thus a link with the past 
has been obliterated. 



UD 



An Assortment of Memories 




The old Martha Arnold home. 

149 




Dorothy Hubbard Kearns discusses details of the 1963 
Farmer High School Homecoming with her sister Hope 
Hubbard, as Gertrude Ridge Thornburg listens. 




Mrs. Jim Morris, Bell Hussey, Mrs. Lee Briles, Louie Lowe, 
Stella Johnson, Annie Brown Lowe, honored on her birth- 
day in 1955. 




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Penmanship by Marvin Kearns. 



i 5 o 





The Madison Hammond home, built in 1907. 



■ ; -~ !: . 




Left to right: Frances Lanier, Juanita Coltrane, Kate Lanier, 
Mozelle Lanier. In back: Emogene Cranford. 




Special order cross-cut saw to cut large oak tree near Second 
Creek. Pictured are, left to right: Fulton Kearns, John N. 
Kearns, Earl Kearns, Carl Nance, Ben Crowell. On log: 
Whitman Kearns. 




Back row: Hope Hubbard, Captain, Faye Kearns, Berta 
Spencer, Dallas Loflin, Ocia Morgan, Hazel Kearns, Sue 
Morgan, Elizabeth Cheatham; front row: Mozelle Johnson, 
Mary L. Skeen, Lenora Spencer, Mildred Thompson, Janet 
McMasters, Madge Johnson. (Taken about 1922). 




Left to right: Cletus Kearns, Baxter Elliott, Allie Lambeth at 
Farmer School, April 19, 1922. 




Left to right: Hill Loflin, Pauline Haggerty, Allie Kearns, 
and Alvin Shaw. 



PIANO RECITAL 

BY PUPILS OF 

MISS CLYDE L. KEARNS 

AT THE 

FARMER HIGH SCHOOL 

FARMER, N. C. 

Friday Evening, April 21, 1922 

8:30 O'CLOCK 

Please Do Not Whisper While the Numbers Are Being Rendered. 

DUET— "Anitra's Dance" Op. 46 No. 3 Grieg 

First Part Hazel Kearns 

Second Part Vivian Kearns 

SOLO— "Flying Leaves" Koelling 

Madge Johnson 

SOLO— "Bagpipe Waltz" G. W. Bryant 

Mary Lewis Skeen 

SOLO — "Intermezzo" Mrs. A. M. Virgil 

Janie Cranford 

TRIO— "Galop" Streabbog 

First Part Sue Morgan 

Second Part Leah Hammond 

Third Part Elizabeth Fuller 

TWO-PART CHORUS— "Welcome, Pretty Primrose Flower" Pinsuti 

Sopranos: Rosa Elliott, Dallas Elliott, Madge Kearns, Dora Kearns 
Altos: Clara Kearns, Kate Thornburg 

SOLO— "The Glisando Waltz" Sidus 

Elizabeth Fuller 

SOLO— "Silver Spring" Heins 

Fay Kearns 

DUET— "Maid of Beauty Waltz" Latour 

First Part Janie Cranford 

Second Part Ocia Morgan 

SOLO — "Dancing Dewdrops" Mrs. A. M. Virgil 

Robert Fuller 

SOLO— "The Mocking Echo" Schmall 

Ocia Morgan 

SOLO— "Rose Petals" Lawson 

Pauline Elliott 

VOCAL QUARTET— "Mammy's Li'l Pigeon" Fearis 

First Tenor Byron Nance 

Second Tenor Lewis Kearns 

First Bass F re d Kearns 

Second Bass . ". . : Neal Kearns 

SOLO — "Poupee Valsante" Poldini 

Vivian Kearns 

SOLO — "The Nightingale in the Garden" Kullok 

Sue Morgan 

SOLO— "Rustic Ball" Kaiser 

Leah Hammond 

SOLO — "Impromptu Mazurka" Laek 

TRIO — "Morceaux Brilliants" Streabbog 

First Part Madge Johnson 

Second Part Pauline Elliott 

Third Part Robert Fuller 





Miss Clyde Kearns at the piano. She taught music in the 
Farmer area for many years. 



The Reverend and Mrs. YD. Poole, pastor 1942—1948, 
Farmer charge. 







ElfMPIlliils 









?^k« 3 afl^ss^SaJftW^iHp* — - 



. i e?i ■'. 



The Eli Branson Family. Left to right: Lillie Anne Branson, Levi Thomas Branson, Mary Ellen Branson, Ellen Vuncannon 
Branson, Sallie Elma Branson, Roscoe Wade Branson, Ruby Lychen Branson, Richard Clarkson Branson, James Eli Branson, 
John Dunbar Branson. 



2-5 3 



CORNERSTONE LAYING 
FARMER METHODIST CHURCH 



FARMER, N. C. 
SUNDAY, MAY 16th, 1948 

Clare Purcell, D. D. Charlotte, N. C 
Geo. B. Clemmer, Asheboro, N. C. 
Y. D. Poole, Farmer, N. C. 



Bishop 

District Superintendent 

Pastor 



Prelude 

Announcements 

Hymn No. SI 

Our help is in the name of the Lord, Who made heaven and earth; 
Except the Lord build the house, they labor in vain that build it. 
Dearly beloved. We are assembled to lay the cornerstone of a new 
house for the Worship of the God of our fathers. Let us not doubt 
that He will favorably approve our godly purpose, and let us now 
devoutly invoke His blessing go this our undertaking. 

Prayer 

Responsive Reading 

The earth is the Lord's, and the fullness thereof; the world, and they that 
dwell therein. 

For He hath founded it upon the seas, and established it upon the floods. 

Who shall ascend into the hill of the Lord? or who shall stand in His holy 
place? 

He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; who hath not lofted up his 
soul unto vanity, nor sworn deceitfully. 

He shall receive the blessing for the Lord, and righteousness from the 
God of his salvation. 

This is the generation of them that seek Him. that seek thy face. 

Lift up your heads, O ye gates; and be ye lift up, ye everlasting doors. 

And the King of glory shall come in. 

Who is this King of glory? 

The Lord strong and mighty, the Lord mighty in battle. 

Lift up vour heads, O ye gates; even lift them up, ye everlasting door. 

And the King of glory shall come in. 

Who is this King of glory? 

The Lord of hosts, He is the King of glory. 

Who is this King of glory? 

The Lord of hosts. He is the King of glory. 
Gloria Patri 

Glory be to the Father, and to the Son and to the Holy Ghost. As it was 
in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, -world -without end. Amen. 



Scripture Lesson 
Solo 
Sermon 
Hymn No. 

Scripture Sentences 

The Lord hath chosen thee to build a house for the s.incuiary; be strong, 
and do it. Fear not, nor be dismayed; for the Lord God, even my God, 
will be with thee; He will not fail thee, nor forsake thee, until thou hast 
finished all the work for the service of the house of the Lord. 

Therefore thus said the Lord God, Behold, I lay in Ziun for a foundation 
a stone, a tried stone, a precious cornerstone, a sure foundation. 

According to the grace of God which is given unto me, as a wise master 
builder, I have laid the foundation. 

Other foundation can no man lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ. 
Prayer of Consecration 

Almighty God, the Rock of Ages; on Thee we build all our hopes for 
this life and that which is to come. Other foundation we would not seek to 
lay than that is laid, which is Jesus Christ; and we are tu build upon this 
cornerstone a holy temple to the living God. Accept the act by which we lay 
this cornerstone. Bless those whose offerings enable us to build this house 
of worship. Graciously guard and direct those who labor in erecting it, 
shielding them from accident and peril. Ma)' the walls of this building rise 
in security and in beauty; and may the hearts of these L'hy people be fitly 
joined together into a living temple, budded upon the loundation of the 
apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ being the ch.el cornerstone. Amen 

The Litany 

To the glory of God our Father, to the ser\ ice of our dear Master and His 
Church, and to the abiding presence of the Holy Spirit. 

We lay the cornerstone of this church. 

For a building of which Jesus Christ is the chief cornerstone, the pillar 
and ground of the truth. 

We lay this cornerstone. 

For a building that shall stand as a symbol of the Church Universal, 
the cornerstone of which is truth, the creed of which is love, and its towers, 
eternal hope. 

We lay this cornerstone. 

For a church that shall exalt not a religion of creed or of authority, but 
a religion of saving grace, of personal experience, and of spiritual power. 
We lay this cornerstone. 

For a church that shall exalt the ministry of the open Bible, with its 
faithful record of human life, its unfolding of the redeeming grace of God 
through Jesus Christ, its message of warning, inspiration, comfort, and hope. 

We lay this cornerstone. 

For a church that shall teach and incarnate the doctrine of the father- 
hood of God and the brotherhood of man. 

We lay this cornerstone. 



For a church chat shall fulfill a social service and be a blessing unto man. 

We lay this cornerstone. 

For a church that shall be a renewing and cleansing power in the com- 
munity, and that loves every other communion that exalts Christ in the ser- 
vice of man. 

We lay this cornerstone. 

For a church with an open door tor all people, rich or poor, homeless or 
desolate, who need the help of God through us. 

We lay this cornerstone. 

For a church that shall gather the children in its arms and hold them 
close to Christ, that they may grow up in the Church and never be lost from 
the fold. 

We lay this cornerstone. 

For a church which stands for the sacramental truth; "It is more blessed 
to give thao to receive." 

We lay this cornerstone. 

For a church which takes hold on two worlds, and stands for the unseen 
and eternal, and which offers to men the abundant life which now is and 
which is to come. 

We lay this cornerstone in the name of Almighty God. 

In loving memory of those who have gone from us, whose hearts and 
bands have served in this church; with gratitude for all whose faith and 
consecrated gifts make this house possible, for all who may share this spiri- 
tual adventure; and with hope for all who shall worship in this house in 
years to come. 

We lay this cornerstone in the name of Almighty God, Father, Son and 
Holy Spirit, unto the ages of ages, world without end. Amen. 

Present Box and Articles 

Stone is placed by Minister 

Hymn No. 

Benediction 

Postlude 




CORNERSTONE LAYING 

-oj- 

FARMER METHODIST CHURCH 



FARMER, N. C. 



Program of Cornerstone Laying of Farmer Methodist Church, May 16, 1948. 



M4 




Crowell — Steed Families: Front Row, left to right: Nancy Carol Crowell, Lucy Crowell, Anna Jean Crowell, William Crowell, 
George Crowell. Second Row, left to right: Ruth Crowell, Essie Crowell, Lyda Mae Crowell, Virginia Steed, Elmer Steed, 
Adolpheus Crowell. Third Row, left to right: Myrtle Steed, Bruce Steed, George Steed, Ben Crowell, Raymond Crowell. 




Alfred Hoover's sawmill. Alfred is in the center of the picture beside the engine. 

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Concord and New Hope Townships, 1872. 
l 5 6 





Victor and Sallie Parker, who ran Parker's Mill for 33 years. 



Van Cranford and Linnie Dorsett. The third person is 
unknown. 




Hunters of yesteryear: Bid Kearns, Clifford Plummer, and 
Orph Kearns with shouldered guns. 





Dr. Alson Fuller. 




^^^^■^^^^^^■^^^^^■^^M Gathered before the Bob Hammond store: Alton Kearns, 

Alfred Hoover pulling his steam engine with a Model-T Hoyt Davis, Paul Skeen, Hub Kearns, J.H. Richey, and 

truck. Robert W. Fuller, Sr. 



iS7 




Captain Harry Clark, Chief Pilot of American Airlines, 
presenting Captain's wings to Whitman Kearns. 




Elliott's Store. Lloyd ELliott, proprietor. 





Van Lanier's Store on old Highway 49. 




Benjamin Franklin Newby, (1850—1934), who with his 

brother, Nathan W., ran a general store in Farmer. He built Ila Cranford wrapping a cake. She attended the Home- 

the house known as Junius and Rosa Kearns' home. makers Club for 39 years without missing a meeting. 



i s 8 




Tony Johnson (left) and Virden Kearns (right). 




The bridge at Parker's Mill. At left, excavation for a new 
dam to store water for the City of Asheboro. 



i 

i 


A FAMILY REUNION. 

A family reui.ion wa« held at Mi. \ 
II, Johnseu's, on Saturday Scj t. 6-L 'hi. 
will long be remembered by tnuae presci,, 
Mr. Johneon is in bis eightieth year and 
his wife iu her seventy sixth year. They 
have been married sixty yi'arson Sept. 1st, 
189C They hrtve eight children, all li»ing. 
the oldest son now in h is sexiieth year. 
These eld people nave been highly blessed, 
uever having had a death in then family 
their cescendaiits now number as follows: 
Eight children, forty two grand children 
And twenty great grand children a total of 
seventy all living, with five grand children 
dead. The reunion wag unknown to the old 
people and the crowd took them by sur- 
prise. The number present counting the 
wdei of the children was as follows: 10 
•hildren SS grand children and 8 great 
grand .children, and a few friends, a few 
iniuutee after 12 o'clock a table over 25 
feet long wan spread wed loaded with good 1 
things to cat which was prepared bv the 
party and brought with them, for the 
occasion. Vi e all assembled aroand the 
table and fcaeied for nearly one hour in 
regular picnic 6tyle. Laier In the day 
before we deprted to our several homes a 
prayer service was held, led by Mr, Johnson 
himself. Mr. Johnson spoke with feeling 
for sometime exhorting us all to be ready 
for the last great family n union wke<e 
parting will.be no mora. 
| T. J. Fmu.iT. 






Left to right: Vivian Kearns, Lena Cashatt, Cletus Kearns, 
Allie Kearns, Velon Kearns. 




Newspaper Account of Johnson Family Reunion. 



William Crowell, son of Ben Crowell. 



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Dowery laid off for one year's allotment for Grace Nance. 

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Dowery laid off for one year's allotment for Grace Nance. 

2.6] 




Adrian Garner (left) and Herbert Kearns (right) fox hunting about 1925. 




W.A. Hammond home. Other owners of this homestead have been Hamon Millet, Jr., Jesse Thornburg, Gideon Macon, sons, 
Ed and Frank Macon, Fred Bingham, and William Miller. 




Home Demonstration Women. Charter members of Home Makers Club (Farmer). Front row: Ila Cranford, Hope Hubbard, 
Ovie Henson; back row: Lula Bescher, Ossie Cranford, Edith Hammond, Forrest Kearns. (Picture made at Edith Hammond's 
Home, I960). 

2-62. 




FFA Boys standing in front of Farmer Subordinate Grange. They made the mailpost that the Grange used in the "Better 
Mailbox" Campaign. 




Dr. and Mrs. Marvin S. Kincheloe, Pastor of Farmer Methodist 
Charge 1930. Dr. Kincheloe was the guest speaker at the 100th 
Anniversary of Salem United Methodist Church, May, 1981. 

i6 3