(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "The Fifty Earliest English Wills in the Court of Probate, London: A.D. 1387 ..."

Google 



This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 

to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 

to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 

are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other maiginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 

publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing tliis resource, we liave taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 
We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain fivm automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attributionTht GoogXt "watermark" you see on each file is essential for in forming people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liabili^ can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at |http: //books .google .com/I 



I 



y 



y^ <^ tf < A 



eeTi 7f 



r ~"— ----''- 



/ 



THE 



IN THE COURT OP PROBATE, 

A.D. 1387— 1439 : WITH A PBIBST'S 0? I4S4. 



BERLIN: ASHEB & CO., 53 MOHRENSTRASSE. 

NEW YORK : C. SCRIBNER & CO. ; LEYPOLDT & HOLT. 

PHILADELPHIA : J. B. LIPPINCOTT & CO. 



THE 



Sk <Karto €mM Wm 



ZN 



THE COURT OF PROBATE, 

LONDON. 



A.D. 1387— 1439 ; WITH A priest's OF I454. 



COPIED AND EDITED 

itom ife< Original 'gt^sUt» in ^mmd 

BT 

FREDERICK J. FURNIVALL. 



Ixrus^e 



LONDON: 

PUBLISHED FOE THE EARLY ENGLISH TEXT SOCIETY, 

BY TEUBNER & CO., 57 & 59, tUDGATE HIIJL 



HDCCCLXZXII. 




rigtnal Sttitn* 

BVNOAT: CLAT and TAVLOK, the CUAUCEB P&ES8. 



CONTENTS. 



PAOB 

Dedication to Mr. J. Cliallenor Smith ... ... ... viii 

FoRBWOBDS ... ... ... ..• ••• •.. xi 

MxUa. 

NO. A.D. 

1. 1387. Robert Corn, Citizen of London ... •.. ••• 1 

2. 1392. John Pyncheon, Citizen and Jeweller of London ... 3 

3. 1395. Lady Alice West, of Uinton Marcel, Hampshire {Codi- 

QwVm p. V J ... ... ... a*. *•. 4 

4. 1402. John GiRDELEB of Harefield, near Uxbridge, Middlesex 10 

5. 1406. Richard Roos of London, ? once of Beverley, Yorkshire 12 

6. 1498. John Plot {alias Rouwenhole or Rouwenhale), Citizen 

and Maltman of London ... ... ... 14 

7. 1410. Robert Averat of the Cordwainers' Company, London 16 

8. 1411. Sir William Langeford, Knight, of Bradfield, near 

Reading, Berks ... ... •.. ... 18 

9. 1413. Richard YoNOB of London, Brewer ... ... 21 

10. 1415. Thomas Walwayn, Esq., of Much Marole, Herefordshire 22 

1 1. 1417. Thomas Broke, Landowner, of Holditch, Thomecombe, 

Devonshire ... ... ..• ... ... 26 

12. 1418. John Solas, of Southwark, Surrey ... ... ... 28 

13. 1418. John Cbelmyswtk, of Shropshire ... ... ... 30 

14. 1418. Thomas Tvokt, Esquire ... ... ... ... 36 

15. 1417-18. Stephen Thomas, of Lee, Essex (Codicil made at 

^M«», p. 40) ... ... ... ... 37 

16. 1419-20. John R0GERT8SON, of London ... ... ... 41 



vi CONTENTS. 

NO. A.D. »AOi 

17. 1418, 1420. John Begun e, of Henry V.*8 Chamber, and of 

Fulham, Middlesex. ( Will in tJ^e Zrd Person : " he 

TvXlla OCv.l ..• .•■ ••• «.• ... 40 

18. 1420. Thomas Bathb, of Bristol ... ... ... 45 

19. 1420. John Olney, of Weston, Buckinghamshire ... ... 47 

20. 1422. Lady Peryne Clanbowe, of Yasor, Herefordshire ... 49 

21. 1420. Sir Roger Sal WAYN, Knight, of York ... ... 62 

22. 1424-5. Roger Flore, Landowner^ of Okeham, Rutlandshire ... 55 

23. 1425. William Nbwland of London (and Normandy), going 

on a Journey ... ... ... ... 65 

24. 1426. William Davt, Citizen and Fishmonger of London ... 67 

25. 1426. William Hantngfeld, of Bikinacre, Essex ... ... 68 

26. 1426. John Credt, Esq., of London (and Devonshire, &c.) ... 73 

27. 1428. John Toker, Citizen and Vintner of London, owner of 

" The Mermaid " in Bread St., Cheapside ... 77 

28. 1428. Rohert Schapman, of Haringay, Homsey, Middlesex ... 80 

29. 1428. Richard WHYTEMAN,Citizon and Waxchandler of London 81 

30. 1428. Walter Newent, ? of St. Pancras, London ... ... 83 

31. 1430. Hary van Sandwye, of St. Clements, East Cheap, London 84 

32. 1430. Alys Chirche, Widow, of St. Mary Hill, London ... 85 

33. 1430. Richard Graveley, of London, Grocer ... ... 86 

34. 1431. William Pitz-Harry, of Cosin Lane, London ... 87 

35. 1431. Richard Tyrell, ? of Stoke-Dabemon, Surrey ... 89 

36. 1431-2. Isabel Greqcry, of Hackney, Middlesex ... ... 91 

37. 1432-3. Richard Gray, of St. Bartholomews, London ... 92 

38. 1433. John Barnet, Citizen and Draper of London ... 93 

39. 1433. Walter Mangeard, Citizen and Cook of London, and 

Hurstpierpoint, Sussex ... ... ... 94 

40. 1434. Margarete Asshcombe (once Bloncit), Widow, of 

London ... ... ..» ... ... 96 

41. 1434. Roger BoRTON, of Hackney, Middlesex ... ... 98 

42. 1434. Rauf Hbth, of Hackney, Middlesex ... ... 99 

43. 1434. Roger Elmeslby, of London, once a Waxchandler^s 

Servant ... ... ... ... ... 100 

44. 1434-5. Isabelle Dove, wife of Thomas Dove, Citizen of London, 

then beyond the Sea ... .«. ... ... 103 



CONTENTS. Vii 

NO. A.D. »i.ex 

45. 1436. Richard Bokeland, Esq., of All Hallows the Greater, 

Thames St, London ... ... ... ... 104 

46. 1438. Richard Dixton, Esq., of Siscetre (Cirencester), Gloster^ 

snire ... ,,, ••« .,, ,., lUo 

47. 1439. Nicholas Chableton, Citizen and Skinner of London 112 

48. 1439. Isabel, Countess of Wabwick, Mother-in-law of the 

'King-Maker* ... ... ... ,.. 116 

49. 1439. Sir Ralph Rochefort, of Lincolnshire. (English WtlUf 

p. 121, &c., in the 3rdPer9on, "he will," &c.) ... 120 

50. 1438-9. Sir Thomas Brook, Knight, of Cobham Hall, Kent ... 129 

(List of other English Wills in Register Luffenamj p. 130) 

51. 1464. Nicholas Sturgeon, Priest ... ... ... 131 

(Note of other English Wills in Register BouSy p. 134) 

Notes (The first known Bequest, a.d. 1420, of Chaucer^s 

Canterbury Tales, p. 136) ... 135 

List op Proper Names and Placj58 ... ... 145 

List of Words and Subjects ... ... ... 170 



vm 



TO 

j! CHALLENOR SMITH, ESQ., 

SUPEEINTENDENT OF THE DEPAETMENT FOR LITERARY ENQUIRY, IN ITIE 
REGISTRY OF THE COURT OF PROBATE, SOMERSET HOUSE, LONDON. 

My dear Sir, 

You will remember how the Wills in this little 
volume came to be copied. 

You had, and have, in the Probate Court those twenty-eight 
Boxes of Inventories of Testators' goods which the Executors 
and Administrators of our Forefathers were bound to exhibit 
to the former Officers of the Archbp. of Canterbury. Among 
these Inventories we Shakspereans always hoped to find those 
of Shakspere and his fellows, and all other Worthies of the 
great Eliza's reign. And since I first saw the Boxes and their 
contents at Doctors' Commons some dozen years ago, I always 
meant to have a turn at them. Opportunity at length being 
favourable, I got leave in the spring of 1881, from the kind and 
enlightend Judge and Chief of your Court, Sir James Hannen, 
to test these Inventories, and see whether Shakspere's was 
likely to be among them. If it was, I intended to get money 
from the Treasury or by subscription, for making and printing 
a Calendar of these documents. 

The Inventories could of course only be handled by an 
Officer of the Probate Court ; and on you was put the dusty, 



DEDICATION. IX 

dirty, and tiresome job of diving into, and picking out from, all 
parts of the twenty-eight Boxes, samples of the little and big 
rolld-up Inventories that each contained ; then unrolling them, 
and showing them to me. The work lasted for four months. 

The kindness and patience that you exhibited in this 
wearisome and annoying task, — which yielded such a poor 
result,* — and the knowledge of men, of places, and things 
which you displayd. won my warm admiration and gratitude. 

You laid me under further obligation by telling me all the 
earliest English Wills in the Registry, of which you had long 
before made a list, in the faith that I, or some grubber of like 
kind, would turn up and ask where he should go to work. 

Whenever, then, you were prevented, by other official calls 
and attending to other searchers, from unrolling dirty little 
bundles of Inventories for me, I — with your help in difficult 
bits — copied the Wills you told me of; and here they are in 
print, dedicated, by Sir James Hannen's leave,* to you, an 
Officer of whom he and his whole Court may well be proud. 
I but speak the opinion of the late Colonel Chester — the best 
authority in the world — as well as of every other frequenter of 
your Room, when I say that you are an admirable Head of 
your Department, courteous, helpful, learned, and efficient. 

Would that I could say that Department was in a state 
worthy of you, your Chief; Sir James, and the Royal Court of 
Probate of England. 

You have in that Court, Wills needful for the family and 

* About 3 per cent, of the Inventories were of the 15th and 16th cen- 
turies ; the rest were all after 1660. Not one of Shakspere's time turnd 
up, tho' that of his granddaughter's surviving husband. Sir John Barnard, 
was found. IVe printed it for the New Shakspere Society. 

* He will not of course see this Dedication till a copy of this little 
volume is sent him. 



X DEDICATION. 

social history of England. There are many men and women 
wishing to work at them. What does the Treasury give you 
for the purpose ? One underground and badly-lighted room 
in which only 6 folk can work at once. The consequence is, 
that, with your many applicants, you can often give a worker 
only 3 or 2 days a week for his work, and he cannot go 
regularly in for it. 

The Manuscript room at the British Museum is bad 
enough; but your Enquiry room is far worse. If only Sir 
James had the old power of torture, and could apply thumb- 
screws or racks to all the Lords of the Treasury — I'd let the 
First Lord off, tho — he would soon set matters to rights, and 
give you a room worthy of your Department and his Court. 
But the Museum is now building a proper MS. room. And so 
I trust the Treasury will speedily follow suit at Somerset 
House ; put you up a handsome Library for your workers, 
make you a Keeper, with the Museum-Keepers' salary, and then 
let you compile and print a Catalog of the Inventories.^ 

Again thanking you heartily for your help and kindness, 
and wishing you happiness and health, 

I am. Very truly yours, 

F. J. FURNIVALL. 

S, St. Oeorge*8 Square^ Primrose Hillf N. W, 
December 4, 1882, 

^ There are of course no end of other Wills and Documents in the 
Registry that need calendaring or cataloging. The Treasury is in no way 
alive to the urgent wants of this Office or the Record Office. 



XI 



FOREWORDS. 

Both for the Life and Language of our old-time folk, their Wills 
hay always heen acknowledgd as most worthful. They let you 
into the state of every home. They uze words not found in books. 
Since our Society first started, I always hoped that some one would 
copy and edit us a volume of Wills ; but as no one offerd, and as I 
got a chance of transcribing one in the spring of 1881, — under the 
circumstances stated in the Dedication abuv, — I took it, in order to 
hay a volume wherewith a gap in the Society's issues could be fild 
up when need should be. The need came this autumn, and here the 
little Text is. 

It will probably disappoint the reader, who looks, as I did, for 
Inventories as parts of Wills, and for long lists of traders' goods, 
students' MSS, and the like. I can't claim that in this regard my 
short volume is up to any of the Surtees or the Camden Bury ones, 
or possibly Mr. H. W. King's series of Essex Wills and Inventories 
of Church goods, in his county Archsdological Society's Transactions, 
of which my kind helper, Mr. J. H. Round, tells me. But at any 
rate, for us Londoners ther ar details of much worth ; ther is 
Shakspere's Mermaid tavern (p. 78, 1. 19) and (in a note of a Latin 
will given me by Mr. Challenor Smith-, 'p. 136) ther is the first 
known bequest (a.d. 1420) of Chaucer's Canterbury Talea.^ These ' 
make up for a good many plows, plums, ribbons and tapes. The 
volume also contains the first known notice of wher the Chapel of 
our Lady and St. Nicholas was situate in old St. Paul's (p. 132), and 
has of course many items as to old London churches, streets, signs 
and men, which will interest the City topografers. 

In Peisons, it ranges from the Countess of Warwick, the King- 
maker's mother-in-law, to a Wax-chandler's servant and many a 

1 Perhaps of his Boeee too. His The Pore Caitiff, a Wycliffite book, is 
bequesthd on p. 50, 1. 18 ; * JaDkjn Clerk ' is at 39/6 ; his ' Eoke of London ' 
at94/ii. 



XU FOREWORDS. 

poorer man. In Property, it stretches from the entail of large 
landed estates on sons, to a portion of one bullock for a daughter 
(98/ii, 12), or to the gift of one sheet, or a towel-roller, an egg- 
gridiron or an old brass. pot (IO2/5, 6), to a legatee. 

Of two things, more appears in the Wills than I had expected, 
namely, silver plate,^ and furd gowns; for the latter, polecats, 
martins, genets, wild cats, beaver, otter, and lamb, were prest into 
the service. Of Armour there is less than Fd lookt for. 

But the most surprizing and regrettable thing in these Wills is 
the amount of money shown to hav been wasted in vain prayers, or 
orders for them. Fancy one man ordering a Million Masses to be 
said for his soul ; another 10,000 ; another 4,400 ; another sending 
Pilgrims to Spain, Eome, Jerusalem, &c. for the good of his soul 1 
I only hope some sensible Executors handed over the money to the 
Testators* wives and children, or the poor. 

When just thru the proofs of this volume, it so happend that the 
Master and Fellows of Emmanuel lent me their unique copy of 
Phillip Stubbes's Motive to Good Workea^ 1593 ; (I'd reprinted in 
September his Display of Corruptions^ 1583 ^ ;) and on opening it, 
came a passage which well showd the change of opinion on this Mass 
and Dead-prayers business in his day : — 

(p. 120) " The Papists also holde it to be a work of vnspeakable merit, 
for a man or woman, eyther before they dye, or else at their death, to 
giue the greatest {p. 121) part of their goods & la9u]s(the more, the more 
merite) to popish priestes, (though in the meane time, theyr wife, 
children, and whole f amilyes goe a begging all theyr lyf e long,) to Monkes, 
and Fryers, with the rest of that filthie generation, to the ende they may 
pray for them when they are dead, to saie masses, tren tails, diriges, de 
profundi*. Ladies psalters, and J can not tell what riffe raffe else for 

-1 

^ See the references in the lAft of Word* ; and the Acorn spoons, instead 
of Apostle ones. 

* A / Motive To / Good Workes. / Or rather, / To true Christianitie in- 
deede. / Wherein By The / waie is shewed, how farre wee are behinde, / not 
onely our fore-fathers in good workes, / but also many other creatures in the 
endes of / our creation : with the difference betwixt / the pretenced good . 
workes of the Antichri- /stian Papist, and the good workes /of the Christian 
Pro- / testant / By Philiip StubbeSj Gentleman / Mathew .5. verse 16. / Let 
your light so shine before men, that they / may see your workes, and glorifie 
your fa- / ther which is in heauen. / London, / Printed for Hiomas Man^ dwell- 
ing in / Pater Noster rowe, at the signe / of the Talbot. 1593./ A — in 8b. 

3 For the New Shakspere Society, to follow Part I of Stubbes'fl Anatoniit 
if Ahuses, of which it is Part II. 



FOREWORDS. Xlll 

them : bearing them in hand, that their souls k the soules of a1 their 
friends, parents, kindred, and aliance, shall not onely bee releeued, but 
also cleerely delyuered thereby out of the pains of purgatorie, which other- 
wise shoulde lye there broiling in firie flames seauen yeeres for euerie 
sinne that euer they committed in this life, either in thoght, word, or 
deed. Which if it were true, (as it is most false and blasphemous) I 
could not blame men, though they gaue all they had, and more too, to 
(p. 122) the Priests. But alasse, who seeth not the vanitie of this fonde 
opinion of Purgatorie? If Masses, Diriges, trentals, de profnndif, 
Ladies psalters, and such pelting trash, could redeems vs from paine and 
punishment after this life, and place our soules in ioye and blisse, I praie 
you then what is left to the bloud of Christ to doo for vs ? iust nothing 
at all. And why died Christ, if we might haue bene redeemed by cor- 
ruptible money, lands, or posessions, as the Apostles, Saint Pauls and 
Saint Peter doe reason ? What can be more derogatorie to the death of 
Christ, and the efficacie of his bloud, than this 7 Tou were not redeemed, 
(sayth Paul) from your sinnes, neither by golde nor siluer, but by the 
precious bloud of that immaculate lambe lesus Christ. And doeth not the 
. apostle lohn thunder out vnto us, * The bloude of lesus Christ doeth 
cleanse vs from all sinne. And as for (jp, 123) the ridiculous opinion of 
purgatory, it is so foolish a thing, that I am ashamed to bestow anie 
labour in confuting of it, as hauing indeede neyther ground out of the 
word of God (no, nor so much as one Billable sounding that waie) nor 
anie approued or autentike writer, excepte out of such apocryphas, as 
Ouidy Virgil, and other heathen Poets. And yet for all that, the Papists 
haue gayned as much, (I suppose) by the broching of this frai-bugge, or 
Bcar-crow Purgatorie, since it was first hatched, as all christendome is 
worth besides.'' (See also the neit 2 or 3 pages.) 

NoF, a good many of us think of some of Stubbes's doctrines 
about what he did of the Papists*. And so the world wags. 

Well : the gifts to mend bad roads and bridges, to help poor 
girls to marriage, and to feed and clothe the poor,^ no one will 
quarrel with. 

The Land-wills ar interesting ; as showing how all the land of 
the kingdom, was in the hands of Trustees, feoffees, to whom every 
buyer had his land conveyd — either solely, or jointly with himself, — 
to evade the rights of forfeiture, wardship, &c. of feudal lords. 
These feoffees (see List of Words) ar constantly prayd to do their 
duty to the Testator, and carry out his Will, either by entailing 
his land on his sons, or conveying it to such folk as his Executors 
sell it to.2 Executors ar likewise entreated to be faithful, as if 

^ See the words Bake, Blind, Bread, Brew, Clothes, Poor, &c., in the List 
below. 

^ It was perhaps from this connection with land, that a Seal was set to all 
important Wills as if they were Deeds. Also, that one Will is cald an 
* Bndenture' (45/5), anotl^er a *bok* (24/ lo) and so on. 



XIV FOREWORDS. 

they'd answer for their acts on the Day of Doom. And that this 
injunction was often needed in early days, may be gatherd from the 
old saying, "Three Executors make three Thieves." Cheery old 
Bobert of Brunne^-enlarging his original, William of Waddington — 
denounces them soundly in some 300 lines in his Handlyng Synne : ^ 
see my edition, p. 195 — 199. 

It's plezant to see Testators anxious to make amends for all 
possible wrongdoing, and to watch the owners of horses bequeathing 
em by name : * grey Butler, grey Manley * (53/9) show that a man 
cared for his four-footed friends. But no dog is namd in any Will. 
Servants often are, both men and women ; and in one case a I^un is 
left money for looking after a testator in his sickness (54/2). One 
Wife is cald her husband's most trusty friend (48/2 i)j another has 
all his property left to her (Walter Newent's, p. 83) ; but in other 
cases, testators don't seem quite comfortable about their widows* 
future (p. 122, p. 33-4, 40). The solemn Vow of Chastity which 
Widows sometimes took in presence of the Bishop and Congregation, 
being endued with Ring and Mantle (60/8, 25 ; p. 135), was new 
to me. Several Testators had the good sense to order plain funerals, 
and to recognize that Pomp was a vanity that didn't help their souls 
(23/22 j 49/11; 8/12; 131/2). 

As to all the other subjects of bequest, are they not enterd in the 
List of Words and Subjects which follows that of Proper 1^'ames and 
Places^ 1 Let the curious reader look them up. (Among names he'll 
find a real * John of l^okys,' III/19.) 

1 Ryohe men gadere ryche tre- • • • • 

sours 6236 • Of alle fals )»at beryn name 6259 

To make yiith ryche executours. Fals executours are most to blame. 

I^e whyles ^e executours sekke, [glogt \>e Pope of |>e courte of Bome, 

fyl )7e bag] Ayens hem 3yf)> he harde dome, 

Of the Simle ]>ey ne rekke Aud curse)? hem yn cherohys here, 

The body, whyl hyt on here lys, ' Fourc tymes yn }»e Jere. 6264 

A day or two ys holde yn prys ; 6240 • ♦ • • 

But when hyt ys yn erf>e broght, Executur )?at wyl nat do 6367 

Body ne soule gete ry3t noght : As )?e dede ordeyned to, 

Be he broght nobly to hys pyt, he shal haue euyl endyng 

Dette and soule \>qj (^ynke all |?at so wyj^halt ^e dedes (^yng 6370 
quyt. 6244 

2 I can't guarantee in these, thatv and ft,/ and «, have not been sometimes 
printed for one another. They are often difficult to distinguish. Expansions 



F0RBW0RD8, XV 

In the way of Language, there is this drawback to the prezent 
volume. As all the old Anglo-Saxon Charters were copied in 
the King's writing-den, and thus their dialect got alterd, so these 
Wills must have all been copied in London, and their dialect 
more or less spoilt Still, some do keep strong dialectal marks. 
i>, dey ' for * the, they,' hun be, iho to, ayder either, tU to, qwan 
when, qioithe which, \i8 es these are, os as, ^eifi given, voile (Devon), 
full, ddiuery deliver, howght owd, sehal shall, chete sheet, chippe 
ship, sholde sold (22/31), here year, yerth earth, ^heiy yearly, &c. &c., 
will be useful to Morris, Skeat, Sweet, and other dialect-workers. 
The ' ryte heires ' of I8/7 goes, with other like words elsewhere, to 
show that the guttural gh was not sounded as the fonetists would 
hav us believ. One of the oddest spellings I've noted, in gogement 
for 'judgment' For the Cockney * ?iam am,' 'Jieldest eldest,' see 
H in List of Words ; also TT, for w insted of v. 

The Notes, foot and end, are not so full as I could have wisht ; 
but I had no time to fish for more. One of the blessings of being a 
Director is, that when you want specially to work at a favourite 
subject — ^my Old-Spelling Shakspere it was this time — you have to 
put it aside, and take up an altogether different one that you 're out 
of tune for, because your Society must have a Text out by Christmas 
to fill up its year's issue. Hence the present volume has been done 
against time, and hasn't the notes from Tanner's NoUtia Monastica, 
and all the County Histories, that it ought to hav. But I've done 
the work as well as I could in the time allowd ; and Mr. J. Horace 
Hound and Mr. J. Challenor Smith for people and places. Miss 
My. Lambert for Romanist, services, Mr. W. G. Stone for Jonetis = 
genets, and some places in Lewis, Mr. E. Peacock for some Lincoln- 
shire names. Prof. Skeat and other friends, hav to some extent 
supplied my shortcomings, and eamd my hearty thanks. To my 

of Latin oontraotions hav now and then gone astray — see yhtesy p. 135, 137. 
The reader will charitably remember the old adage, * Q^tod adest honi ctmsttle. 
You must not looke a giuei* horse in the mouth.' 1616. Withal's Diet, by 
B. R. p. 678. For Dress, see * Gowns, Blue, Green, Russet, Scarlet, Sangwyn,' 
&o. For Ornaments, see * Maple, Sink-foil, Baleys, Oyche, Ruby, Silver,' &o. 
For the Statue of Lady Warwick naked, see her Will, II6/9. For a Brass 
of Wife and 7 Children, 8I/9. 
1 See the List of Words. 



XVI forbvoudb. 

friend MUs Toena Rochfort-Smith, I am alao indebted for the 
XJst of Words and Places ia the first 8 pages of the book, and for 
sootiiii^ my soul when, on certain eveninga, I was grinding at the 
lest of that wearing work', by singing me all my old favourite 
mezzosopiano songs, 'Che faro', 'Lascia ch'io pianga', 'Cangio 
d'Aspetto ', ' Adelaide ', ' Vol che sapete ', ' Da bbt die Buh ', ' Ave 
Maria', 'Non e ver', 'Ruth', 'Oh rest in the Lord', 'Oh for the 
wings of a dove,' &c. &o. May all opprest Indexers hav the like 
sweet cousotemeut ! 



' Ha Lints don't proress to be exhaustive, tho they took a long Ume. 
Bequests of BouU are not Indext, as they 're la n«arl; erer; WiD, Of other 
frequent bequeMn, only a few samples are given. 



(f arls €ngUs^ ^txt Sorulfi. 



. Original Sebies, No. 78. 1882. 



THE FIFTY EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 

ADDITIONS AKD CORRECTIONS. 

Mr. Round and Mr. Challenor Smith now find, alas ! that a few 
Wills near to 1400 a.d. (including at least two printed by Dugdale) 
escaped Mr. S.'s note-book. So we must have another volume 
some day. Miss Marx will start at copying the fresh Wills, as 
soon as Huon and The Four Sons of Aymon are clear for our Extra 
Series. 

p. y, 1. 5 ; p. 4, 1. 1- ; p. 155| col. 2, 1. 10 ; for Hampshire, read Dortetshire 
p. vi, 1. 1, after " Browne ", insert " {aliens atte Grove)." 

1. 4 ; p. 45, 46 ;for Thomas (Bathe), read John, 

1. 5 ; p. 47, 1. 8 ; for Weston, read Weston Underwood. 

1. 12, for Bikuiacre, read Hanningfield, 

1. 16, for Homsey, read {Rorasey) 

p. vii, 1. 8, for English Wills, read English Will 

p. zi, note. Read ** Perhaps of his Boece too. His name * Jankyn Clerk ' 
is at 39/6 ; and his * Koke of London ' at 94/i i. T?ie Pore Caitiff, a Wycliffite 
book, is bequeathd on p. 50, 1. 18." 

p. XV, L 8, for schal, read sehel. 

p. 5, 1. 5. Johane my doughter, my sons is wyf. She was daughter of Roger, 
Lord De La Warr, the hero of Cr^cy and Poictiers (by his 2nd wife Alianore, 
dau. of John, Lord Mowbray), and heiress in her issue (by the half-blood) to her 
two brothers, successive lords. It was through her that the Barony of De 
La Warr came into the West family. — J. H. B. 

p. 5, 1. 5. paXed black and white. That is, striped vertieaUy. It would be 
blazoned in' Heraldry — "paly sable and argent." Joan, Lady Abergavenny, 
in her will (1434) bequeaths a similar ** Bed of Velvet, white and black paled, 
with Quyshions, Tapettes, and' formers that long to the same bed." — J. H. R. 

p. 5, L 28. Sir Nichol Cliston knyght. Sir Nicholas de Clifton, of Clifton 
(then Cliston), near Preston, Lancashire. He was in the French wars with hisL 



2 THE FIFTT EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. ADDITIONS, ETC. 

father-in-law, Sir Thomas West, and was made Governor of Ham in Picardy, 
1383.— J. H. R. 

p. 5, L 29. Thomas Cliston here sone. He accompanied Henry Y. into 
France, 1415, and fought at Agincourt with his brothers. — J. H. R. 

p. 5 ; p. 50 ; p. '136. Bequests of English Books. Mr. Challenor Smith has 
lately noted gifts, in 1433, of the Story of Joseph, St. Patrick*s Purgatory, 
Alquin*s Sermon, and Piers Plowman. In the Will of Eleanor Purdeley, widow, 
of London, Commissary Court, 1433 : "libros Anglicano5, videlicet the Storie of 
Josep, Patrikek purgatore, and y* sermon of altquyne." Bequest of ''librum 
vocatum piers plowman." — Will of Thos. Roos, Commissary Court, 1433. Mr. 
Round notes a bequest of " my Book of Tribulacion " by Sir Lewis Clifferd (the 
Lollard) in 1404. 

p. 6, 1. 6. a scoehon of my lordes armjts and of myn Iparted. Their two 
coats were impaled, a practice which had then recently replaced ** dimidiation " 
(cf. p. 117, 1. 5).-^. H. R 

p. 6, 1. 25. my lord Sir Thomas West, Son of Sir Thomas, 1st Lord West, 
but was not himself summoned. Fought at Cr^cy, 1346 ; d. 3 Sept. 1386. — 
J. M. R. 

p. 6, 1. 29. a vestiment to the eqps. Some light may, perhaps, be 

thrown on this by a passage in the will of Joane, Lac(y Abergavenny (1434)— 
'* I wool that the foreseyd Freers have a hool sute of black, that ys to sey, a 
Chetepyl, two Tunicles, three Coops, with my best pair of Candlestecks of 
silver wrethen, and my best sute of Vestments of Cloath of Gold, with 
Peacocks, with auter clothes, and aubes, and alle that longeth thereto, for a 
memorial perpetuelie to use hem every yere at the Anniversary of my Lord my 
Husband and of me." I think that ** the cops of the hows " must mean the 
community. — J. H. R 

p. 9, 1. 2 ; p. 149, col. 2, L 14 ; p. 185, coL 1, 1. 10. th^ lordes In of 
Cherlton. This is *'the Inn (town-house) of the Lord Cherlton." John of 
Cherlton was summoned to Parliament as " Johanni de Cherlton de Powys " (he 
was lord of Powysland) from 1382 to 1400. And this will is dated 1395.— 
J. H. R. 

p. 12, L 17. seynt mary Kirk of Beverley. This noble church had been 
originally a chapel of ease, but was endowed out of the prebend of St. Martin, 
1325, as a Parish Church, on condition that its vicar provided two chaplains, to 
celebrate service daily at the altars of St. Mary and St. Martin, and that he 
should be present with his priests, in a regular habit, all processions of the pre- 
bendal church of Beverley {Originalia, 3 Edw. III.). — J. H. R. 

p. 12, L 18. (he vekery of the same Kyrke. John de Brydlington had been 
appointed vicar in 1403 (Lansd. MSS. 896, viii fo. 189).— J. H. R. • 

p. 12, L 22. seyiU gylys spetyll. Said to have been founded by *'Wulf" 
before the Conquest. Belonged to the Archbishops of York till Walter Giffard, 
in 1277, exchanged it with the Priory of Wartre for a wood. It consisted of a 
Master and brethren, and, at the Dissolution, contained five poor men. — J. H. R. 

p. 16, L 8. Bawenhale: possibly so called as being a native of Roweahall, 
Staffordshire. 



THE FIFTY EARLfEST ENGLISH WILLS. ABDmOlTB, ETC. 5 

p. 87. Rycfuird Haddoke, of the Lee, Eatex, Mr. H. W. King, of Leigh Hill, 
Leigh, Essex, the well-known Essex antiqnaiy (p. xi, abuv), had Stephen Thomas's 
Will prepared for printing before I issued it. He writes to Mr. Challenor Smith : 
" Richard Haddoke is one of the ancestors (whether lineal or not,) of the great 
Admiral Sir Richard Haddock of this place [temp. Charles 11 and James II], 
and his scarcely less distinguished son, Admiral Nicholas Haddock, and some 
6 or more Naval Captains of that remarkable family. There are brasses of their 
Ancestors in this Church, and of, possibly, that identical Richard named in the 
will [U19], as he died 1453." 

p. 45, 46. For Thomae Bathe read John Bathe. 

p. 70, 1. 23. breed and herynge, A century later (1528) Thomas Mathew of 
Colchester, on being tried for heresy, abjured, and was ordered, as part of his 
penance, to spend is. Sd, a week, during Lent, in buying bread and herringe 
for the poor of the town. — J. H. R. 

p. 70, 1. 25. Laffarebrugge, Langford bridge on the Blackwater, between 
Witham and Maldon. — J. H. R. 

p. 109, 1. 10. the/rereprechotws of Oloucestre. See an excellent account of 
this Dominican House (founded circ. 1239) by the Rev. C. F. R. Palmer {Arch. 
Joum. xxxix. 296). — J. H. R. 

p. 135. Sir Thomas West, knighL Died 17 April, 1405, and was buried at 
Christchurch with his ancestors, having bequeathed £100 to its canons that 
they might keep annually the ** year's minde " for himself, his father, mother, 
and wife.— J. H. R. 

p. 135. Of the Benedietio Vidwz here described, there is a famous instance 
in English history. Eleanor, sister of Henry III. and widow of William Earl of 
Pembroke (who d. 15 April, 1231), had taken this vow, but subsequently (7 
Jan. 1238) married Simon de Montfort. The vow had been taken before 
Edmund, Archbishop of Canterbury, and Richard, Bishop of Chichester. The 
former protested against her second marriage, and the Baronage, then jealous of 
Simon, raised such an outcry that he had to go to Rome and pay heavily for a 
dispensation. It is clear, I think, that the historians who treat of this mar- 
riage (Blaauw, Pauli, Prothero, Shirley, ^.) must have been ignorant of the 
technical character of Eleanor's vow, which they seem to confuse with taking 
the veil. But the chroniclers' words distinctly refer to the Benedietio viduee : 
— '* in praesenti^ sancti Edmundi Cantuarensis archiepiscopi et sancti Ricardi 

Cicestrensis episcopi solemne votum castitatis emisit." — ^T. Wykes ; 

" in cujus prsBsentia dicitur ipsa Alienora votum fecisse continentisB vidualis, 
vestibus utens tinctura carentibus." — Matth. Paris. 

Philippa, widow of Guy (d. 28 April, 1351), eldest son of Thomas Earl of 
Warwick, took this vow 11 Aug. 1360. The Memorandum of it is preserved, 
and is a good illustration of the service. 

"11 die mensis Augusti, An. Dom. 1360, apud Warwick, dictus Venerabilis 
Pater, 1 altam Missam in Pontificalibus, in Ecclesi^- Collegiate beatae Maria 
Warwici antedict& celebrans» votum castitatis Philippse nuper uxoris Domini 

^ Reginald (Bryan) Bishop of Worcester. 



4 THB FIFTY EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. ADDITIONS^ ETC. 

Guidonis de Warwic admislt et acceptavit ; et dicta Pliilippa yotum castitatis 
emisit, sub hiis Verbis : 

"£n le nom de le Seint Trinitie, Piere, Fil, k Seint Esprit, jeo Philippe 
que fa la feme Sire Guy de Warwyst face purement k des qaeor & voluntee 
entierement, avow a Dieu & seint Eglise, & a la benare Virgin Marie, k a 
tout le bel compaigne celestine, k a vous reverent Piere en Dieu, Sir Reynaud 
per le Grace de Dieu Evesqae de Wircestre, que jeo ameneray ma vie en 
chastitee defore en avant, k chaste ferra de mon corps a tout temps de 
ma vie." ' — J. Horace Round. 

p. 180, 1. 23. Edward my aone. A staunch Yorkist. Fought at St. Alban's, 
J455.— J. H. R. 

p. 146, col. 2, 1. 24, for Bathe, Thomas read Bathe, John. 

p. 184, col. 1, 1. 6, for " 70/22 " read " 70/23 " 

p. 185, col. 1, L 2, for " II7/12 " read " II7/14 " 

(Mt. Horace Round is, I find, the only grandson of Horace Smith of the 
R^ected Addresses. ) 



1 Bryan, Vol. 1. f. 30 h. 



(^mlmt ^ngltsl^ MWh. 



1387. ROBERT CORN. 

[Citizen of London : gives half his property to himself, to be spent in 
Masses and Alms; the other half to his son Watkyn and his daughter 
Eatherine; and 40«. to his daughter Genet. Leaves bequests to St 
Mary Abchurch,^ St Paul's poor folk, Bartholomew New, one of his 
Executors, &c.] 

I. Commissary Court of London, Courtney (a.d. 1874-1400), leaf 198, back. 

TN the name of god. Amen, the thorsday Befor the feste of seint 
-*• laurence, the ^er of the incarnacion of our lord, Millesimo 
QQQmo ixxxvij, the reyne of the kynge Eichard the Secundf after 
the conquest the x., I, Robert Corn, Ceteseyn of london), be-quethe 4 
my sowle to god, to lygge in the chiret of our lady of abbechircfi. 
Also y be-quethe my goodes in twey partyes, that ys for [to] seie, 
half to me, and the tother haluyndel to Watkyn my sone and to 
Kateryne my Dowter, and also, or my godes be to-partyd, y wiH 8 
that my dettes be payd in alle places that rythful ys. Also y 
be-quethe genet my dowter xl. s. Also to the werke* of our lady of 
AbbechircH xx. s. Also to the Brethered of our lady of Abbechircli 
XX. 8. Also to eueri prest that ys of this chircH, ij. s. Also to the 12 
twey clerkes that bene in the chircfi. euerich of hem, ij. s. Also y 
be-quethe z. s. to the most nedful men & women ^lat ben in 
the parche of our lady of abbechircfi. Also y be-quethe iij. ti to 

* St. Mary Abchurch is in Abchurch Lane in the Ward of Candlewick St. : 
*tbe word Alx^urchf or Upchurch, was added to distinguish this from other 
Churches of St. Mary, it standing on an Eminence, compared with Houses near 
it in Thames str. dtc* It was burnt in the Great Fire of 1666, and rebuilt in 
1686. Hatton'siVeu; Fieu^o/ZoTuicm (1708), ii. 359. 

E. B. WILLS. B 



2 EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1387, ROBERT CORN OP LONDON. 

bringe me on erthe. Also j be-quethe Bartilmewe neue the bed of 
tree, with the cheste atte the foot, weche they haue of myn, & the 
lauo?/r of peuter with the basyn of led. Also y wille and ordene 
4 fat alle the godes weche y haue be-quethe Katerine, \>at it be 
in kepynge of my too executot^rs, here for to take as sche had ned. 
Also y be-quethe to the werke* of poulys vj s. viij <J. And also wat 
godes fat leuet to-ward me, y wiH fat it be do of massys and 
8 of almes-dedys fere most nedful ys. And here-to I ordeine Watkyn 
my sone, secutowr, & Bartilmewe newe fat ofer; & vp-on this y 
will f a^ Bartilmewe neue haue for hys traueal, aft^r fat he seruit. 
Also y will fat lohn EdmuncJ [haue] al f ® led fat light in f • stuys, 

12 & f* sesteme fat longef to the stuys, and f* hordes & f* gaudrouw in 
f • kechyn fat stont in forneys, he to paie f er-for as it ys worthy, 
for^e ony otherman. 

(xxij. 129. 199) Probatum fuitprcsens testamentum coram nobis, 

16 Presidente Consistorij londom'e, vna com codicillo eidem annexo, 
ij* Idus Marcij, Anno domini Millmmo 000™° Ixxxix"^". Et commissa 
est administracjo omnium bonon/m, dictum defunctum & ipsius 
testamentum concernencium, Waltero Com, executori in dicto testa- 

20 mento nominato, in forma iuris, & per eimdem admissa, Bartho/oT/ieo 
!N'eue, coexecutore interius in eodem testamento nominato, onus 
administracionis hmtismodi coram nobis expresse admittere recu- 
sante. In cuius rei testimonium, sigillum officialitatw londonie, 

24 jpreseniihus duximus apponendum. Datw?w Londome, Die & anno 
Domini supradictw. 



EABLIUST ISNGLISH WILLS. 1392, JN. PTNOHBON. 



JN. PYNCHEON, 1392. 

Will of Jn. Pyncheon, Citizen and jeweller of London, dated, Vigil of 

St. Matthew [Sept. 20], 1392. 

[John Pyncheon's will is in French, with an English insertion, perhaps 
in order that his charitable gifts might thus be more plain. He gives 
money to the Poor, accordiijg to their condition ; clothes to the Lame and 
Blind ; a weekly allowance to the Prisoners in Newgate, and the Lepers, 
for 1 year ; and a small sum to poor men of Religion.] 

1 Commissary Court off London, Courtney. 

(xiij. 264. 194 If. 1. 19) Gives his lands in the county of Essex to 
be sold, and the money dispozed of as follows : " leo voile que la 
moneye soit despendu, cestassauoir, to )>• pore Men fat han ben IVIen 
be-fore of god conue?'sacioil, som man .xx.s, ant som ij Marc, and 4 
som xl. s., aftyr fat here stat hat ben be-fore, and fat fey be of f® 
same Parche, and Of Petris and Cristoforys, or of of ere next f er by ; 
& where me may wetyn eny powre lame, ore powre Blynde, in Ani 
plache in f * Towne, fat fey han Clof ys to hele hem fro colde, & 8 
Schetys to f am fat han nede. And to f • presonis of newgate, a 
serteyn by fe weke duryng on 3erej & to f® Powre IVIesellw a 
certeyn A weke duryng on 3ere ; & fat f • hows be ysold?, and f* 
Almes yi-do in) f® worst ^ere. And where men may a-spye eny 12 
powre man of religion, Monke, Chan on, or Frere, fat fay han of my 
god f® gode^, AncJ ben powre, eche Man .vj. s. viij. (J. fat ben Prestys." 

(Proved, with Codicil an^ext, Oct. 9, 1392.) 

^ so in MS. 



B 2 



EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1395, LADY ALIOE WEST. 



LADY ALICE WEST, or Hampshire, 1395. 

[Of Hinton Marcel, Hampshire. Gives her son Thomas, her best Bed 
and Seat, his father's ring, &c. Her daughter-in-law Joan, her second 
best Bed, a silver Basin and Chafer, her Books, Chapel Vestments and 
silver fittings, with a Chair and Chariot. Her daughter, Lady Alianore 
C]ifton, a Bed, silver Basin, <fec. Her sister. Lady Lucy Fitzherbert, 
Prioress of Shaftesbury, £40. Bequests to her servants and poor tenants. 
Many gifts to Nuns, and Friars, and Recluses, for Masses and Prayers. 
Burial to be at the Priory of Christ-Church, Hampshire.] 

[Latin prologue as to the proof of the Will on Sept. 1, 1395, by Sir 
Thomas West and John Thurston, two of the Executors named in it.] 

(Rous. (Prerogative Court) sheet 4, leaf 29 back. ) 

Testamentum Domine Alicia West (in margin) 

Tenor vero dicti testament! sequitwr in hec verba : 

In dei nomine. Amen. On thursday, that is to sey, the xv day 

of the monet£ of July, In the yer of the incarnacioMn of ouf lord 

4 ihesM crist, a thousand and thre hundred and foure score and fiftene, 

.1. Alice West, lady of Hynton Marcel, in hool estat of my body, and 

in good mynde beynge, make my testament in the maner^ as hit 

fohvetfi here after. In the begynnyng*, I bequethe my soule to god 

8 almygfity and to his moder seynt Marie, and to al the seyntis of 

heuene, and my body to be beryed in Crischerch in the Priorie of the 

Chanones in Hamptschire, by the Newe forest, where-as myne 

Auncestres liggetR. Also I deuyse to Thomas my sone, a bed of 

12 tapicers werk, witfi alle the tapites of sute, red of colour, ypouthered 

with chapes and scochons, in the corners, of myn Auncestres armes. 

witfi that .1. bequethe to the same Thomas, the stoffe longyng^ 

therto, that is to seye, my beste fetherbed, and a blu caneuas, and a 

16 materas, and twey blankettys, and a peyre schetes of Eeynes, witfi the 

heued shete of the same, and sex of my best pilwes, wicR that he wol 

chese, and a bleu couertowr of menyuer, and a keuerlet of red sendel 

ypouthered witfi Cheuerons . . Also .1. bequethe to the same Thomas 



EARLIEST BNQLISH WILLS. 1395, LADT ALIOE WEST. 5 

my sone, an Halle, with docere, costers and bankers, of sute of that 
forseyde bed. Also y bequethe to the same ^Thomas my sone, a 
peyre Matyns bookie, and a peire bedes, and a rynge with which y 
was y spoused to god,^ which were my lordes his faderes. Also .1. 4 
deuyse to lohane my doughter, my sone-is wyf, a bed paled blak* and 
whit, with the tapites of sute, and the stoffe of the bed, that is 
to seye, my secunde best fetherbed, with caneuas materas, twey 
blanketes, a peyre shetis of Eeynes, with the heued shete of the same, 8 
and a blu couertowr of grys, and .iij. the beste pilwes after choys of 
the forseyde Thomas my sone. Also .T. bequethe to the same 
lohane a basyn of siluei* with hoses apon the brerdes, and a chaufowr 
of siluer longyng* ther-to. Also .1. bequethe to the same lohane, a 12 
masse book, and alle the bokes that .1. haue of latyn, englisch, and 
frensch, out-tak the forsayd matyns bookz^ that is bequethe to 
Thomas my sone / Also I bequethe to the same lohane alle my 
vestymentz of my chapeH, with the towailes longynge to the autei*, 16 
and my tapites whit and rede paled, and blu and red paled, with alle 
my grene tapites that longeth to my chapeli forsayd, and with the 
frontels of the forsayd auter^, and with alle the rydelles and trussynge 
cofres, and alle other apparaile that longeth to my chapelle forsayd. 20 
Also to the same lohane my doughter .1. bequethe a chales and 
a paxbredf, and an haliwater pot, with the sprengls, twey cruetis, 
twey chaundelers, twey siluei* basyns for the auter, with scochons of 
myne auncestres armes, and a sacrynge beUe, and alle of seluer, Also a 24 
tablet depeynt of tre. Also .1. bequethe to the same lohane, my 
chare, and that I Jiaue longyng therto ; Also a chariot with twey 
standardes heled with lether, which that serueth for myn barneys. 
Also .1. bequethe to Sir Nichot ^ Cliston knyght, and to Alianore his 28 
wif, my doughter*, and to Thomas ^ Cliston here sone, Cxx ti, 
euenliche to be departed betwix ham thre. And if Thomas here 
sone forsayd dyeth or he haue age of discrecio^^n, to ordeyne of his 
part of that moneye, L wol that it tome to profet of his fader and 32 
his moder*. Also .1. deuyse to the same Alianore my doughter, a 
tawne bed of silk*, with hool celure and four curtyns of sute, and a 

^ leaf 80. ' ? vow taken after she became a widow, 

* 8 for/; Clifton. 



6 BARLIBST ENGLISH WILLS. 1395, LADY AUGB WEST. 

keu^rlit of selk* ypoynet in that on side tawne, and in that other 
side blu ; and the stoflfe of the bed ther-wyth. that is to seye, my 
thridde beste fetherbedl, wit£ caneuas mat^as, twey blankettes, a 
4 payre shites of reynes, with an heuedshite of sute, and iij pilwes. 
Also I deuyse to the same Alienore, a round bassin of siluei*, whicR 
hath a scochofl of my lordes armys and of myn Iparted. Also I 
deuyse to my sustei* dame luce fitz-Herberd, Priorisse of Shaftebury, 
8 .xt. li. Also .1. bequethe to my sustei* Thomase Blount, Menchofi^ 
of Komeseye, xl Marc. Also I deuyse to Margerie Salfor(J xx. 
ti. Also I bequethe to Beatrice Wareyn) xl Marc, and a bed 
couenable for a gentel womman. Also I bequethe to Alison Hyntofl 

12 X ti, and a bed couenable for hei^ estat. Also .1. bequethe to litel 
Perrot .x. Marc*, and a bed couenable to the same perrot. Also I. 
bequethe to Idkyne my chambrei*, xx. ti. and a bed couenable for hei* 
estat. Also I bequethe to Thomme of the warderobe .C. s*. Also I 

16 bequethe to litel Eeignolc) xl. s. and a bed couenable for his estat. 
Also .1. bequethe xl. ti. to be depa?i;ed among* alle my seruantz, men 
and wommen of myn housholcS, as to thilke that ben entendant for 
Thomas my sone, as for me, and as wel to hem that I haue eny 

20 thyog* bequethe to in this testament, as to hem that I haue nothyng* 

bequethe to : and I wole that it be departed trewely to euery man and 

wommail, after his degre. Also .1. bequethe xl. ti. to be departed 

among* my pouere tenauntes oueral where I haue lordschipe, that is 

24 to seye, to hem that haue most nede. Also I bequethe xviij tL and 

t t t t 
.X. 8 for to synge and seye MMMM and CCCC Masses^ for my lord 

sii^ Thomas West-is soule, and for myn, and for alle cristene soules, in 

the most hast that it may be do, withynne xiiij nyght next after my 

28 deces. Also .1. bequethe xl. ti to do make a vestiment, after deuys of 
my forsayd sone, to the cops * of the hows of Crischerche whei* my 
body schal ligge, to bidde, and to rede and synge for my lordes soule 
forsayd, and myn, atid for alle cristene soules while the world? schal 

32 laste. and .1. wol that the same vestiment be mad and deliuered to 
the same hows of Crischerche withynne twelf moneth next after my 

^ Monk-en (cp. vix-en), monkess, nun. ' 4400 Masses. 

> ? meaning : Copes (as Mr. W. G. Stone suggests), or Brethren, Monks, or 
the like. 



EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1396, LADY ALICE WEST. 7 

deces. Also .1. bequethe to the Religiouse wo^Timen, the Nonnes of 
the hows of seynt Eloynes of londoii, and to the prestos that longeth 
to the same Hows, C. s*. to be departid among< hem by euene porciofi, 
for to synge and rede diuine seruice, and to praye for my lordes 4 
soule, Sii' Thomas West, and for myn, and for alle cristene soules, 
and for the estat of Thomas my sone, and lohane his wif«, and for 
her' childem. Also I. bequethe to the Eeligiouse Wommen the 
MenoMresses dwellyngge withoute algate of londoii, C. s. to be 8 
departed among« [hem] hy euene porciofi, for to synge and rede and 
to praye diuine seruice for my lordes ^ soule Sir Thomas West, and 
myn, and for alle cristene soules, and for the estat^*^ of Thomas my 
sone, and lohane his wyf, and for her children. Also .1. bequethe to 12 
the Religiouse Wommen, Menchowns of the Hows of Shaftebury, 
and to the prestes longynge to the same Hows, C. s. to be departed 
amonge hem by euene porciofi, for to synge and rede diuine seruice, 
and to preye for my lordes soule Sir Thomas West, and for myn, and 1 6 
for alle cristene soules, and for the estatz of Thomas my sone & 
lohane his wif, and her childrefl. Also .1. bequethe to the Religiouse 
wommen, the Menchowns of the Hows of Romeseye, and to the 
prestes longynge to the same Hows .C. s. . . . [Here follow like 20 
bequests of 100 8. each to " the Religiouse wommen, Menchons of the 
Hows of Wilton " and its priests ; " to the Freres Menours within 
Newegate of london " ; " to the freres prechours withynne ludgate of 
london"; "to the freres carmes in Fletstret of london"; *'to the 24 
freres Augusteyns withynne Bisshopesgate of londofi " ; "to the 
freres prechours of Wynchestre " ; "to the freres Menowrs of 
Wynchestre " ; " the freres Menowrs of Southamptofi " ; " the freres 
prechours of Salesbury " ; " the freres Menowrs of Salesbury " ; " the 28 
freres Menowrs of Bristowe " ; " the freres prechours of Bristowe," 
all to pray for the Souls of Sir T. West, the testatrix, aU Christians, 
and her Son and his family.] Also I. bequethe to the Reclus frere 
Thomas, atte seynt lames in the Holte .xl. s. for to preye for 32 
my lordes soule forsayd, and myn, and for alle cristine soules, 
and for ^thestat* of my sone foraayd, and lohane his wif*, and 
hei* childrefl. Also .1. bequeth to the Hospital of seynt Marie 

1 leaf 30 back. « leaf 31. 



8 EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1395, LADY ALICE WEST 

Maudeleyne aboue Wynchestre xL s. to preye for my lordes 
soule forseyd, and myn, and for alle cristene soules, and for the 
stat of my sone forseid, and loliane his wif, and hei* childem. 
4 Also .1. bequethe xl. K to do make ther-witfi my forseyd lordes 
fcombe, Sir Thomas West, and myn also. Also I bequethe to 
Elizabeth Eogers wif jN"ewe, which that was my seruawnt somtyme 
.C. s*. Also I bequethe to luliane Amy, and to lohn Amy her 
8 hosebonde, of dudlynton .C. s. Also .1. bequethe to EicharcJ Forstrer, 
which is a blynd man dwellynge in Hanefeld?, that was somtyme 
sernaunt with my forsed lorcJ Sir Thomas West, xx Marc. Also I 
bequethe to Eoger, my parkere, of Ewhurst .C. s. Also I bequethe to 

12 lohn Smart that was somtyme my forseyd lordes baillif, Sii^ Thomas 
West, atte Hempston .C. s. Also .1. bequethe to lohn Smyth, my 
Reue of Trestwode .C. s. Also I. bequethe to the vicai^ of the 
Cherch of Newenton "Valance that now is .xl. s. to preye for my 

16 lordes soule Sii^ Thomas West, and myn, and for alle cristene soules, 
and for thestatz of Thomas my sone and lohane his wif, and her 
children. An al the residue of my godes, after the dettys that I owe, 
ben quyt, and after my testament is parfoumedl .1. bequethe to the 

20 forsayd Thomas my sone. Also I wol and deuyse that, ware that 
euer I deye, my body be caried to the forsayd? Priorie of Crischerch, 
prynelich and with right litel cost, and ther-to beried att the ferst 
masse, with a taper of v pound of wax stondyng and brennyng< att 

24 my heued, and another taper* of .v. pound brennyng* atte my fet, 
with-out any other cost or solempnite ydo afterward?. This is myn 
hool wil, that this be parfoumecJ as hit is writen her-before. An 
ther-to .1. make my chef executor, Thomas my sone forsaycP, and 

28 executrice lohane his wif. Mo executoris to hem I make Sir John 
Colman, prest, Thomas Eemys, steward? to the lady Bemond?, and 
lohn Thurston. Also .1. wol and ordeyne that myn executbw?'s be 
rewarded after the helpe that they doth of this which that is my 

32 testament, and after the goode discrecion of the forsayd Thomas my 
sone, and after that they travaille diligently with hei* gode wille, to 
helpe fulfelle thes present testament ; and therto .1. charge my sone 
Thomas forsaid vpon my blessyng* to parfoume holelich and trewlich 

36 this present testament which that is my laste wil. In witnesse of 



BARLIBST ENGLISH WILLS. 1395, LADY ALICE WEST. 9 

whicB thyng*, to this testament ich haue set my sel. This was yeve 
and writen in the lordes In of Cherlton withoute Newgate, in the 
parosch of seynt sepulcre in the suburbe of london, in the day and 
the yer before ysaytJ. More forthere, in the same day and in the yei^ 4 
of the Incamaciown of oui^ lord ihesu crist bifore sayd. 

[Codicil, Revokes her gifts of goods to her Son and Daughter-in-law 
if they won't act as Executors ^ ; and gives money to the other Executors 
who do act.] 

.1. Alice West, lady of Hynton Marcel befomemed, hool of my 
body and in good mynde, beynge mor folly avised to dispose of this 
testament and my laste wil, .1. wol that, if it so be that Thomas my 8 
sone forseyd, and lohane his wif, woUe noght take the charge to be 
myne executors, and to parfowme the administracion of this testa- 
ment, which is [my] laste wil, as it is wrete hei^-before, thanne .1. wole 
that alle the godis which that .1. haue deuysed to the forseyd Thomas 12 
my sone and lohane his wif in this testament, be soldo by myn 
executoifc?'s which wol take the charge herof, and trewely ydo to 
charitable werkes for my lordes soule, Six* Thomas West, and for 
myn, and for al cristene soules. Also my wil is, that if eny of myne 16 
othei* executours forsaid, that is to saye, sir lohn Colinan, Thomas 
Remys, and lohn Thurston, wol take the charge, and be myn 
executowr by hem self, to parfowrne this testament, if so be that non 
of myne other* executowrs wol take the charge with hem, thawne .1. 20 
wole, that after Thomas my sone forseyd, and lohane his wif haue 
forsake to be myn executowrs, that he that taketh the charge to be 
myn executowr, haue .xx.ti for his orwene^ trauayle; and if tweye of 
hem that ben myne executours forseyd wol take the charge to-gederes 24 
of executours to parforn trewely this testament, thanne .1. wol that 
after Thomas my sone and lohane his wif haue forsake to be myne 
executours, that they tweye that taketh the charge to be myne trewe 
executours, have xx Marc for her* trauaylle, that is [to] seye, eyther 28 
of hem X Marc*. And if so be that sir* lohn Colman, Thomas Remys 

^ As Sir Thoa. West proved the Will (with Jn. Thurston), he and his Wife 
would keep their beds, books, &c. 
* for oweiie. 



10 KAttLIBai ENGLISH WILLS. 1395, LADY A. WEST. 1402, J. GIRDELBR. 

and lofin Thurston, myne executours forseyd, woUe take charge 
to-gederes to administre and to parf oume trewly this testament as hit 
is writen here before / thanne .1. wole that after Thomas my sone 

^ f orsayd and ^ lohane his wif haue forsake to be myne executours, that 
the forseyc^ Sir lohn Colman, Thomas Kemys, and lohn Thurston, 
haue .XX. ti for her^ trauaille, that is to seye, eu^rych of hem x Marc*. 
Also, for hit was for-yete byfore in this testament, .1. bequethe to the 

8 Reclus of Shirbourn, whos Surname is Arthour, xl. s. for to do and 
to preye as othere Reclus forseycJ ShuUeth don and preye. Accepta 
sunt hec, coram dicto JEienerendissimo prosidente & domino Archiepis- 
copOy & 'per eum prout suprascribuntwr & recitantwr. Anno, In- 
12 dictione, pontificatu, Mense, die Ss loco, pr^dictis. Presentibt^ 
venerabilibw & discretis viris, Magi«^ris Adam de Mottrun, Archidia- 
cono Cantuarew^i in decretis, & Waltero Gybbes in legibus licenciatis, 
testibus ad premissa vocatis sp^cialit^ & rogatis.^ 



JOHN GIRDELER, 1402. 

[Of Harefield (near Uxbridge, Middx.): to be buried at Westminster 
Abbey. Bequests to St. Paul's, Westminster Abbey, the parish churches 
of Harefield (and its poor, priest, and clerk), Ikenham, Ruislip, and 
Helmdon,^ and to 120 poor bedrid folk of Westminster ; and £2 to mend 
the road between Hillingdon and Acton.] 

(Brown 1400-1418. 2 Commissary Court of London, leaf 21 back.) 

16 In the name of god. Amen, y xxv day of luyll in) y reigne of 
Kyng Henry, iij jer .1. lohn Girdeler of Harfeld^, in god mynde 
and saf memorye, make my testement. Ferst my soule to Almyghty 

^ leaf 31 back. 

2 See an Abstract of this Will in Nicolas's Testamenta Fetusta, 1826, i. 137 ; 
Collins's Peerage, v. 378 ; and an extract in Dugdale's Baronage, ii. 139. It 
was printed in the Illustrated London News of (?). 

' These places are in the hundred of Elthome, Middx., and near Uxbridge, 
from which town, Harefield (Virgin Mary) is 4 J miles N., Ickenham (St. Giles) 
is 2i miles N.E., and Ruislip (St. Martin) is 3J miles N.E.— Lewis, Topogr, 
Diet., 1833. Helmdon, Middx., is not in Lewis, but must be near the others. 



EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1402, JOHN OIRDELER. 11 

gO(J, my body for to rest in the Chirche of Synt pietres at West- 
menstre, where as f® Abbot wol asyne. And y bequethe to y werk 
of Synt powles of london) vj s. viij d. Also y bequethe to f e Couent 
of Westmewstre x mark*. Also y bequethe for vj torchis of wax for 4 
to serue atte sLwter of Synt piet^ in y worschipe of go<J xl .s. Also 
y bequethe to f* parich chirche of Ha/'felcJ xx .s. Also y bequethe 
to fe heye awter of f® forseycJ chircli, ij torchia of wax. for to serue in 
the worschip of go(J xiij s iiij d. Also y bequethe atte day of my 8 
terment in Harfeld, to an .C. pouere men and wommen, for }>• loue 
of godf, euerych Ld. Also y 3eue to Jj* parich prest of Harfeld x .s. 
Also y jeue to y clerk* of y chirch of Harfelc? xij d, And to ])• 
sexsteyn xij (J. Also y bequethe to y parich chirch of Ikenham 12 
xiij s. iiij d?. Also ij. torchis of wax for to seme in y forseyd chirche 
in the worschip of god xiij s. iiij d. Also y bequeth to y paricH 
chirch of Eyslepe in most worchip of god vj s. viij d Also to y 
forseyd chirche y jeue for to serue atte heye awter and in othir 16 
places of y chirche in) y most worschip of god ij torchis of wax, pris 
xiij 8. iiij d &&. Also y bequethe to y parish chirche of Helmdon) in 
most worschip of god, vj s. viij d. Also to y forseyd Chirch y 3eue 
for to serue atte y heye Awter and in othir place of the chirche in 20 
the most worschipe of god ij torchis of wax, pris xiij s. iiij d. Also 
y bequeth to y Mendyng of y heye way be-twen Hillindon) and 
Akton), xl .s. Also y bequethe to vj'^'^.^ pouere Bedrede men & 
womrwen where as fey may be founde y day of my terment atte 24 
Westmeywtre, or Hastelich after, euerych man and womman, for y 
loue of god, iiij d. My seketowrs, Wilham Kyllet of Essex, John) 
Mendam of London), Thomas Tornow of Ikenham ; John) Cosyn of 
London), ouerseer, fat my wylle be fulfylyd in y worschip of god. 28 
ProbatMm est hoc testamentum coram nobis, presiden^e Conaistorii 
Londome, vj*® Idwa Augusti, A* domini Milleaimo CCCC"° secwndo 
&c. Et commissa est admimstracio bonon^m Executoribi^ in dic^o 
testaTraen^o nondnskiis. 

^ six score 120. 



12 BARUEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1406, RICHARD R008. 



RICHARD ROOS, 1406. 

[Of London ; ? originally of Beverley, Yorkshire. Gifts to the poor, 
and to the parson (rector), priests, and clerks of his parish church (? where). 
£5 to his master, for neglect while he was apprentist. Gifts to the clergy 
and poor of St. Mary's, Beverley, and of rings <fec. to friends. £50 each 
to Wife and son Thomas ; a pipe of wine to Jn. White jun. and his wife. 
Residue in thirds: 1. to Testator's soul (for Masses. <fec.), 1. to his wife, 
1. to his son, with gifts over, if his son dies.] 

(Brown (a.d. 1400-1418). 2 Commissary Court of London, leaf 75 back.) 

In Dei nominey Amen. I KichaixJ Roos, in gode hele & 

mynde, Blessed be god / The Ferst day of June the [vij] yere of 
Kyiigy© Harry the fourtfi. y wyt my body to be beryd? whare that 
4 god wyH of his Grace dyspose hyt / And at the day of my beryng*, y 
wyfl bane sayde for my sowle xiij Messez ; & ther for y wyt Euery 
prest iiij <J. Swmma .iiij s, iiij cJ / & also y wyt to xxvj. pouere men 
^ wymmen, euery of hem ij (J, summa iiij s. iiij d? / & Also y wyt to 
8 the person) of my paryssR vj s. viij d? / Also y wyt Euery prest of the 
same Kyrk* xij (J / Also y wyt to the clerkys of the same Kyrk* ij s. 
Also y wyt to lofin Wodcok* my mayster, for neclygent seruyse that 
y dyd to hym in the tyme of my prentyshode, 3yf he wyl take hyt, 

12 V li & jyf he wyl nougth take hyt, y wyt hyt to my sone Thomas. 
Also y wyt to lohan Dyrwyn) a rynge of xx s. Also y wyt to 
Eichardf Medrose a rynge of vj s. viij cJ. Also y wyt to lohan 
Talbot a Cuppe, pryse of xxvj s. viij (J / Also y wyt Thomas Roos 

16 my brothyr*, my Habyryon), & my schort swerd?, & my best 
baselar(J. Also y wyt to euery prest of seynt mary Kyrk* of 
Beuerley, for to pray for me, iiij cJ / Also y wyt to the vekery of the 
same Kyrke xij d?. Also y wyt to the same Kyrke work* xl. (J / Also 

20 y wyt to foure clerkys of the same Kyrke xvj d?. Also y wyt to xxiiij 
pouer men & wymmen of the same paryssh in Beurrley, iiij s. Also 
y wyt euery prest & Frere in Beuerley, ij (J. Also y wyt to seynt 
gylys spetyH: in Beuerley, to the pouer folk* ij s'. Also y wyt to the 



EARLIEST BNQLISH WILLS. 1406, RIOHARD ROOS. 13 

spetyH of RichainJ of Beuerley, xij A Also y wyt to the seruauntys 
of lohan Wodcot in hys hous xx s'. at the wyli of myne Executowris. 
Also y wyt to lohan Watley, Eicharc^ Gy, Martyri) Killum, Nicholas 
Walsyngham, lohan Bele, Thomas Halle, lohan Grene, Thomas 4 
ScheddysforcJ, lohan Wellys, Robarc^ Kemp, Mari^eri Walsyngham, • 
Agnes Bele, lonet DenerstoD), Mawde Denton), Margarete Strauston), 
Alson) talbot, Laurans Hampton) & eius vxori, Richardf Euerardl & 
eius vxori, Thomas Waddon), lohan Typpop, RobanJ Myddylton), ylk* 8 
man & woman of hem in sute a rynge of xl d. Also y wyt to Mawde 
my wyfe .L. ti. Also y wyt to Thomas my son) .1. ti. ; & jyf my son) 
dye, than y wyH that my wyfe haue xx li : & the xx Mark* over^, y 
wyH that hyt be dysposyd at the wyH of Thomas Roos to owre 12 
Susterys Chyldryn). Also y wyt syr perys Geneyn) a cuppe of xx s'., 
or XX s\ [leaf 76, iij f.] Also y wyt to lohan Whyte the yonggei^, & 
to hys wyfe, a pipe of wyne, prys of xl s'. Also y wyt to the 
seruauntys in the hous of lohan Whyte, that ys for to say, prentyse 16 
Lowys & othyr seruauntys, at the Dysposyng* of Thomas Roos, xx s'. 
Also y wyt to Robardl Rechemond my Cosyn, xl s. worth of barneys, 
or xl s. And aH the remenauntys of my godys, y wyH they be 
preysyd & parttyd in thre : on part for to be don) for my soule, & 20 
that other part to my wyfe / & the threde to my son or to my 
children ; & ^yf my son) die, than y wyH that hys part of the 
remenauntys be partyd in thre, on part for hys soule, & on part to 
his modyr, & the thyrde part to my kyn that pouer men wymmen 24 
or chyldryn) ben / at the dysposicion) of myn) Executowrs. Wretyn) 
at London) the ^ere & the Day for-sayde ; Thomas Roos, Maude Roos 
my wyfe, & lohan Talbot, myne Executorys / In gode tyme also y 
wyH that my son) be at gouemaunce, wyt^ that Gode that he has, at 28 
the wyti of Thomas Roos be-fore AH othyr men or wymmen that 
leuyn), & yef* outgh come to Thomas Roos, than y pray lohan 
Wodcok to se to my son), that he be nat lost. Also y wyt to Thomas 
Steuenes, A baselard, or x s*. Also y wyt to Elyse Dauy v. K / Also 32 
y wyt to Robard Torre, xl s'. Also y wyt to the maryage of Avys 
Garton, X Mark*. Item othyr seruauntys [in] my hous xiij s. iiij d / 
probatum fuit hoc teatamentum coram nobis, presidente ConBtstorii 
londonie, sede vacante, iiij idus Junij, Anno domini Mille^'mo 0000°*° 36 



14 EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1406, BICHABD BOOS. 1408, JOHN PLOT. 

sexto. Et comissa est admintstracto && Matildi, Eelicte & 
Executrici, in dicto ieaiamento supmus nominata, et admissa per 
eand^m in forma ium prestito, primitt^^ &c. Facultate committenda 

4 consimilem admirastracjonem bonorum Uvdus Thome Eoos et lobanni 
Talbot / coexecutoribt^s eciam in dicto testsLmenento nominatz^, cum 
earn venerunt admissum^ nobis B^ecialiter resaruata / 

[Za^er] Adueniente vero iiij*** lialeiidaiyim Augusti, Awwo domim 

8 MUlesimo CCCC™* nono, Commissa fuit Admiwistracio && Thome 

Eoos, ExecMton supra nomiTiato, per Magistrum Jacobum Gale, Com- 

missan'f^m london^'e. Et per eundem admissa in forma iurt^ &c, 

presentibz^ Margre^a Eoberto Esebacb, & kurencio Hamptoii), & 

12AUJS. 



JOHN PLOT {or rouwenhole, or rouwenhale), 1408. 

[Citizen and Maltman of London, widower and childless (?). All estate 
to services and the poor, with a few legacies to friends. Executor to pay 
a Priest for 3 years £20, and to keep the Testator's * year's mind' — 
Anniversary Solemn Service— for 20 years after his death, and give 40d, 
to the poor, and 40c^. for bread and ale at his Dirtge. 10 marks for 
Maidens on their Marriage ; JB3 for meat and drink for Neighbours ; 
£6 to mend bad roads between London and Ware.] 

(Brown (a.d. 1400-1418). 2 Commissary Court of London, xxxiij, f., If. 138.) 

In the name of ijod. Amen. And Also y, lohn) plot, Citaysyn 
and Maltman of Iftndoii), beynge In gode Mende, Li the day 
of translacion of seynt Martyn) Byshoppe, the ^ere of Owre IokJ god 

16 M° CCCC^ & viij / And*the 3ere of the Eeygne of Kyng henre the 
iiij* aftir the conquest ix*. My wyH ys thys, that Eobert pygeori), 
Citaysyn) & draper of londori), Somtyme Cosyn) to Alys my wyue, — 
that god haue Mercy on her^ sowle & on all Cristyn) sowlys, — ^that he 

20 take ful Charge & ful mi/izstraczon of al my godys, In whos handys 
& kepyng< where they been / And Also the same Eobert fulfelle alle 
my wylle a-fore the date of thys / And Also my wyH: ys thys. that he 

^ MS. admissur'. 



EARLIEST ENQLISH WILLS. 1408, JOHN PLOT. 15 

& his ExecutowSjOthei* hys assyngnes, haue gouernance of my prest/ 
& for to paye to the same prest for the terme of thre ^ere After my 
deses, jyf he be of good conuersacion, & Cunne devyne seruyse, xx. 
ti. And 3yf hit so be the confrarie, y wil that he be put owte of hys 4 
scruice, & take yn A betyr be the Same Kobert Pygeon), & be his 
Executowrs, othir be hys assyngnys / And thys ys my wyH. And 
Also my wytt ys, that the Same Eobert pygeon), hys Executowrs & 
his assygnys haue goue?Tians & rewlyng* of my obytw, that ys for to 8 
sayn), my ^erys mynde, xx wynter Af [t]er my deses / And my wyl ys, 
for to be do for my sowle, & for the Sowle of Alys my wyue, & 
for all Cristyn) sowlys, with solempne seruise, that ys for to sayn), 
wyth Belle Kyngyng*, deryge be note, & Masse of reqwiem be note. 12 
& y wyti that the person) of the same Churche as for that tyme, haue 
iiij d?, & euery prest and clerkys haue ij d?. & Also my wyl ys that 
there be delydf that Same Daye to the pouer peple xl cJ, And Also 
payde for brede & Ale to Spende atte my dyryge, xl. d?. And Also 16 
my wyl ys thys, that lohrD White, Alys KamerweH / Mavde White, 
Margarete Herelowe, [leaf 138, hacJc] Wedue, have A-3ens the day of 
my terment, gownes of russet, with hodys of the same clothe. And 
also my wyH ys thys, that Alys, the seruaunt of Mawde White, haue 20 
a bras pot for her* gode seruices / Also my wyl ys, that Mawde 
White be rewardyd for Here gode kepyng', & for the gode loue that 
Sche hath Schewyd to me, be the discresciori) of Eobert pygeon), myn) 
Executoz^r & ouerseer of my testament & of my last wytt / Also my 24 
wyti ys, that lohn) Walgraue, seruawnt of Wyllyam fondowr, haue of 
my gode iij s*. iiij dl / Also my wyH ys, that Maydenys of gode name 
& of gode fame haue x Marc of my gode to here Mariage, atte the 
dysposicion) of Eobert pygeon) / Also my wyl ys, that thyr be 28 
Spendyth among* my Nyebot^^Tis in Mete & in drynke A-bowte the 
riche, & on the pouere of my[w]de, iij^ And Also hit ys my wyl 
that hit be, be the wyH & be the devyce of Eobert pygeon) ; & that y 
wyl that he haue for hys labour more than he ys nemnyd? a-fore the 32 
date of thys, xx s'. And that he do be me, as he wolde y dede by 
hym. As he wyl Answere atte day of dome. And thys ys my last 
wyl, y-wrete In the day & jere A-bovyn) y-sayde. Also my wyl ys thys, 
that [ther] be yspendyth betweue London) and ware, of fowle weys, of 36 



16 EARUEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1408, JOHN PLOT. 1410, ROBERT AUERAT. 

my good, thera most nede ys, C s'. : & thys ys my wyH Eecord on 

Mawc^ White And Margarete Herlowe, wedewe. Probatus fait iste 

codicillus coram nobis, Jacobo Gale, clmco 'Reuerendo in diristo patris 

4 & domtni &c, Commissario generali, -per Matildem White & Mar- 

garetam Herlowe, Mulieres testes in hac parte productos, & in 

forma ions iurato^ & diligent^ examinato^ in pr^sencia lohannis 

Conyesburgh, ymus Executon^m testamanti, sine vlttmis [so] volun- 

8 teAis domtrai (lohn Rouwenhole alias) Iohan/<is Eouwenhale alt'o^ dicti 

plot, maltman, dicentis se, nichil dice7^^e contra didum codicillum nee 

hmitamodi testes, & reputant^^r ip«os fore veros, xi^ "kalendarum 

lanuarii. Anno dommi M^ CCCG"^ Octauo. Et co77imissa est AdmiTi- 

12 istracto omnium honoiumy dicfura defu[n]ctum & ipaus presenti^ 

codicillum concernencium, Bobcrto pygeon), Executori in dicto 

codicillo int^us nominato, & Admissa p^ eund&m in forma iuria. 



ROBERT AUERAY, 1410. 

[Of the Cordwainer's Company, London. To be buried at St Clement's, 
Strand. Gifts of 2 gowns and hoods of the Cordwainer^s livery. Money to 
the 4 Orders of Friars to say 4 Dvf^ges at St. Clement's and St. Dunstan's, 
bread and ale being given away at tliem. Residue to Wife.] 

(Brown {a.d. 1400-1418). 2 Commissary Court of London, P. xxxvj*», 

If. 199, back.) 

In dei nomine, Amen. I, Roberd? Aueray : Ferst y be-quej)e my 
16 soule to god and to our lady, and to AH the companye of heueo), and 
my body to befl y-beryed in the Cherch of seynt Clementw wythowtyn 
Templebarr at London). Also y be-que])e to the weik* of the same 
Church xij. dl. Also y be-quef e to William Begelon) a grene Gk>wne 
20 and a hoydf percycJ wyth Ray, of the Cordywynerys leueray / y be- 
quBpe to Freres Cannes * off London) .ij.s.vj.d?. And fat they sey a 

^ To the Carmelite or White Friars — the Friars of Our Lady on Mount 
Carmel, founded 1160 a.d., and cald ' Maries men/ — £dw. I. gave ground in Fleet 
Street to build their Houses on in 1241. 

The Friars-Preachers, Jacobins, or Dominicans — founded by St. Dominic, 



EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1410, ROBERT AUERAT. 17 

diryge for my soule in the Church of Seynt Clementw, and syngge 
for me also / y be-quej>e to the freres prechoures witA-yn ludgate / 
ij s'. yj (J in fe same manure for to seyn a deryge in seynt Clementw 
Cherch / Al-so y' be-quef e to the frere menowres ij. a*, vij. cH for 4 
to seyn a deryge for me in seynt Dunstanes Church in fe West, and 
to syngge for me al-so / y be-quef e the Frere Austynes ij s' vj (J for 
to seyn for me a dirige in seynt Dunstones Church in the west, and 
for to sywg for me / Also y be-quej>e to Johon Wyot a gowne and a 8 
hoyd of y Cordewancres leueray of .ij. Coloures, and also a postnet 
j)at y lent hym / Also y be-quef e to herry Cole, a blewe gownne and 
peyr* of Eede- hosyn / Also y be-quefe al fe Resydue of my godys to 
lone my wyff, for to beyn myn) Executorice Cheflf, and lohn Robert 12 
of london) / for to ben Executoi^r wyth hei* / & y be-quef e to the 
same lohn Robert / iij. s. iiij d? for hys trauayt, doyng for me as he 
wyll ansuere by-fore god / Also y be-quefe xl. penyworth bred, & I 
kylderkyn of ale, to be spended At my dirige in sent clement church, 16 
& xl. df worth bred & a kylderkyn of ale, to seint Dunstones in )>• 
same maner. I-wreten at london) p' ferst day of may in f* 3er 
of oure kyng, xij. In wytnesse of f is dede, I. haue set perto me seL 
Also I wele fat Herry cole, taylowr, duellyng wyt-outen temple barre, 20 
be on of myne executowrs, & I be-quefe to hym, J>e same herry cole, 
for hys trauayle .iij. s. iiij df. Pvobatuni. — ^iij Kin) Junij, Anno 
domini W* CCCC* x j . . . Executoribus . . . Et ij« Idus lulij 
. . . lohaTine 'Ex.eciUrice ... 24 

a Spaniard, in 1206 — ^were cald Black Friars from their dress. They came 
to England in 1221, had their first House in Holbom., — afterwards turnd 
into Lincoln's Inn, — and the site of their second House near Bayn4rd's Castle 
(part of the present Blackfriars) was given them in 1276 by the Mayor and 
Barons of London. 

The Austin Friars* Church was founded in Broad Street Ward (near the 
present N. London Railway Station) in 1253. The Order dates from a.d. 1150. 

The Friar Minors, Franciscans, or Grey Friars — founded by St. Francis of Assisi 
in 1209 — first establisht Houses in England in 1224. Their chief House was 
afterwards turnd into Christ's Hospital, the Blue-coat School ^n Newgate St. 



E. E. WILLS. 



18 ELABLIBST ENGLISH WILLS. Mil, SIB WM. L^'OE/OBD. 



SIR WM. LANGEFORD, KNIGHT, 1411. 

[Gives household stores, chattels, and growing crops, to his Wife, wifh 
a coffer. To his son Robert, a bed, and armour. To sons William and 
Henry, annour, <fec. £100, iand the money from land sold, as a marriage 
portion (in Executors' hands), to his daughter Isabel. Small sums to the 
Poor, to mending of Ways, and to Servants. A manor and advowson to 
son William. Another advowson, and a rent-charge, to son Henry. No 
benefit to any devisee disputing the will. Wife to manage sons* estates till 
sons are 18 years old. Residue to Wife. Feoffees (Trustees) of land to 
carry out the Will.] 

Book Marchf leaf 187 (in quire 24). Prerogative Court. 

^In dei nomine Amen, vicesimo quarto die Mensw Augusti, 
Anno do/wini M°. CCCC"°. xj"**. Anno regni Eegts Hennci quarti post 
conquestum, duodecimo. Ego, WilleZmzw Langeford, Miles, compos 
4 mentis qwamuis egrotus corpore, condo testamewtum meuw* in Ylmtiq 
modu?7i. In primis lego awimam meam deo, corpus C]ue meum ad 
sepeliendwrn in eccZesia de Bradfeldf, videlicet in Capella sawc^i 
Andree. Item lego fabrice eccZesie Cathedralw Sarum .vj. s. viij (J. 
8 Item lego ad reparactowem Capelle pred?'c^e quadraginta solidos. Also 
y be-qweythe to lucye my wyfe, alle my store and cataH quykk* and 
ded? in Bradfeld?^ and Compton', with alle y vtensyt of myn hows, fat 
ys to say, in halle, in Chambre, in Pantrie and Botrie, in larder and 

12 Kechyn, w«t^ alle hire apparure, fat ys to say, in clofing*, rynges, and 
alle ofer ornamented, what so fey be, wiih alle f • hay and corn) of 
f IS 3here growyng*, res^ruynge f* hold? greynys to myh) executours to 
per forme my wylle. Also y be-queythe a cofere witA f e godes f er-in 

16 in warde of laurens dru in Southcote*, to fe forseyd lucie my wyfe, 

* * Sturgeon* ' is in the margin. 

2 Bradfield (St. Andrew), a parish in the hundred of Theale, co. Berks, 
8 miles "W. of Reading. Rectory in archdeaconry of Berks, and diocese of 
Salisbury. — Lewis. 

3 ? Compton-Beauchamp, in the hundred of Shrivenham, co. Berks, 6i miles 
S. by W. from Great Farringdon. Rectory in the archdeaconry of Berks, and 
diocese of Salisbury. — Lewis. 

* Southcot, a ty thing in the hundred of Reading,' Berks, IJ miles W.S.W. of 
Reading. — Lewis. 



EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1411, SIR WM. LANGEFORD. 19 

vn-to hire propre vse. Also y be-queythe to Robert, myn) heldest 
soft, a reed bedde of worsteyd, wiih costers fat langytR J)ere-to, 
enbrawde vriXh whyte fete, yfiih a canvase, a materas, a pare of 
Blankette* .ij. pare of schetys j Also a basynet vri\h a ventaile, a pare 4 
of vambrace and rerebrace, a pare of legge herneys, an hoUe brest- 
plate, a paiince of stele, a pare glovis of plate white. Also to 
£lyzabet&, wyfe of fe forseyd Robert, a boorde clofe witA .ij. 
towelld^ of deuaunt of oo sute. Also y be-queytfi to William 8 
my soil, an aburioufi of stele wit^ a pallette couert-e w/t/i reede 
velwette, a pare of glovys of plate blacke. Also to Henre my son), an 
aburioua, a ketil Hatte. Also y be-queytR to ysabett my dowter, an 
.C. pounde to hir mariage, of whiche somme ys owynge to me, to be 12 
payd, an .C. Mart by y handes of my lady loueH, and by the handes 
of William Tanner of Eragarstoii .xxvj. Mark*, vj .s*. viij c?, and y 
remnaund to be payid of my godes })«t leuytfi. Also y wylle fat be 
gevoft to pore men, in almes, to pray for me, .iiij. Mark*, and in 16 
emendynge of weys lyand a-bowt fe manere of Brad f eld, .ij. Marc. 
Also y be-queytfi to Thomas Eyre my seniaunde ,vj. s*. viij. d. 
Henre .Soofl .xl. [d]. William Hereward .ij. s'. lohn Oxerd .xl. d. 
Peris Smytfi J)e yongar, .xl. d. lohn Sceperd .v. s*. lohn of fe 20 
Kechyn .xl. d. Robert CokeneH .ij. s'. lohn Goky .xx. d. William 
Ghesc .ij. s'. Robert of fe Stabul .xx. d. Huge Parmay .xl. d. lohn 
Tumour, Carter .v. s*. lohn hayward .vj. s*. viij. d. William Burgeys 
and ys wyfe .xl. s'. Thomas Boteler .vj. s*. viij. d. Wylliam of Chestir- 24 
shire .v. s'. Thomas Capenter .xl. d. Mawde my seruaunt, to hire 
mariage .xx. s*. lohon. Oxerd. xl. d. Beatrice my seruaunde .vj. s. viij. d. 
Also y wille fat alle f* londes and tenementes in SchyflFeld, Burfeld, 
Sulhamstade Abbis, wftA f e raede clepyd Tybbeney in Oston, of my 28 
purchas, stondynge in feffies handes, be sold, and y Siluer fere-of 
spendyd to fe avauncement of lucie, my dowter, and yf she be 
conably a-vaunsyd w/t/e les sowme, y wille fat f • surplus be don for 
my soule. Also y wille fat f* forseyd sale of my londes and 32 
tenementes iit Schefifeld. Burfeld. and Sulhamstade Abbis, be made 
principaly to my wyfe and myne heiris, geuynge fer-fore os an ofer 
man wille. Also y wille fat William myn son) haue f e maner of 
Chale, wttA alle fe purtenaunce bcyi.ge in fefyes hardes, wz.A 33 

G 2 



20 EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1411, SIR WM. LANQEFORD. 

a-vowsofl of J)e Chyrche in f e He of Wyght, to him & to hys heirs 
of ys hody lawfully be-goton ; and yf he deie wyth-owte heire 
lawfully of ys body begetofl, )>anne wille y Je forseyd maner w/tA 
4 appurtenaonce, temayne to Henre ys bro)>er, and to pe heirs of ys 
body lawfully gotoia ; and y f fe forseycJ Henre deie witA-owt issue 
leful of ys body goton, thaune wille y J>at J>e forseyd maner wit^ 
appurtenaiins, remayne to me and myne heirs. Also y wille pat 
6 Henr^ my sone have .x. Marc/« worth londe jhely ^ to hym and to ys 
heirs leful of ys body, of ]>e londes and pe rentes in ]>e Counte of 
deuoii)-schire, beynge in fefees handes, with a-vowsoune of ]>• chirche 
of Mounkcocamton ; and for defawt of issue comynge of y forseyd 

12 henre, y wiUe pat yt remayne to williawi ys broper, and to ys heirs of 
ys body. And for defawte of issue of fe forseyd William, y wille 
pat pQ remayndei* be to my ryte heirs. I pray yow also fat ben my 
Feffees, pat ^e make estate vn-to my forseyd chyldre, lucie, henre, and 

16 William, lyke as my wylle ys be-fore conteynyd. Also y wille pat 
Thomas Kawfe, my scruaund, haue .ij. Marc^w ^hely^ durynge 
ys lyfe, takynge yt of J)e londes and reutes in deuen)-8chyre beynge in 
fefees handes, takynge a distresse in defawte of payment. Also my 

20 wille ys, pat yf my wyfe or my chyldre askufl here resnable part of 
my godes situr cours of lawe, fan wille y fat fey be excludyd of alle 
fe avauntage of f e ordinauns of my wylle above y-seyd. Also my 
wille ys, fat f e siluer fat schal be reseyvyd for f e londes & 

24 tenemewtes fat y haue be-fore asyngnyd for f e avaunscement of lucie 
my dowter, fat hyt a-byde in fe handes of myn) executours to fulfyl 
my wille. Also y wiile, tochaunde fe londes fe weche y haue 
asynyd to william my sone, fat lucie my wyf have gouernauns f er-of , 

28 and f e profete, vn-to f e forseyd william be of age .xviij. jhere. And 
also of fe londes fat ben assyngnyd to henre, fat my wyfe have f * 
govemauns and f e profyte of, vn-to f e forseyd henre be of age .xviij. 
jhere. Also y wylle fat fe .C. tL wyche y have assyngnyd for 

32 ysabeH my dowter, to hire a-vaunsement, and it falle fat sche deie 
or scheo be a-vauncyd, fan wille y fat f e forseyd .C* ti. be don for 
my sowle. f • residue of alle my godes, my dettes furst payd, and my 
wille holly fulfyllid as ys by-fore wreton), y wylle fat yt remayne to f e 

* yearly. ^ yearly. 



KABUEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1413, BIOHABD TONOE. 21 

f orseyd lucie my wyfe. and y pray alle 30W fat ben^ enfefEeedl in my 
londes forseyd by me, fat 30 fulfylle my forseyd wylle os je wylle 
answers a-fore god. Ad execncionem Yero huius testament! mei 
faciendam, ordino et constituo executores meos, lanrencium dru, 4 
willeZmt^m Stookes, Eob^rtum Clerks, Eec^orem ecdesie de Eradfel(), 
et lobannem lacob. Dsitum die et Anno supradictt9. 

probatuw fait hoc precedens teatamentum coram "K&gistro 
lohanne perche, Commissarzo &c primo die Mensw Octobris, Anno 8 
domini M° CCC. xj. et quibuscunqwe, p7'obacione &c, 'per domznum 
Eobertam San^^n 'Episcopum cassata &c, et commissa est admtmstracio 
omnium bonorwm dicti defuncti, quibusdam Eoberto Clerk, Rec^ori 
ecdenQ 'parrochiane de Bradfeld, San^m diocea^, & lobanni lacob, 12 
'Executoribtis &c, laurencio dru, Executori eciam in ipso testamen^o 
nominato, coram dido Commissano "persmialiter comparenti, onus 
administractouis &c expresse recusavit &c Ees^uata potestate cuidam 
willeZmo Stokes &c Et subsequent^, viz. x die Mensis decembris A® 16 
domixd predicto, prefatus Commissarius acquietavit prefatoa Eobertum 
Clerk & lobanTiem lacob, &c. 



MCHAED YONGi?, Beewer, OF LONDON, 1413. 

[To be buried at St Dunstan's in the West Gifts to that Church, and 
its Priests. 20s. to Mother. Apprentice to be let off 2 years of his term, • 
and have a grain vessel (?), &c. Son William to have pots, a pan, and 
a bed. Kesidue to Wife and Son.] 

(Brown 1400-1418. 2 Commissary Court of London, leaf 263.) 

In the name of god, Amen. Mille«imo CCCC xiij, I, Eichard? 
Jonge, Brewer of London), be-set my testament in thys maner : fyrst, 20 
I be-quethe my Soule to God al-myjty, an tho^ our lady seynt Mary, 
an to al the fayr company of heuene ; an my body tho be byret in 
the chirche jerd of Seynt Donstones in the West, al-so y be-quethe 
to the hye Auter of the same churche, for oblactons for-etyn^, xij d^. 24 
al-so y be-quethe to the sayd churche wark?5, vj s. viij d?. al-so y 
^ tho is to ; an is and, * for-etyn is forgotten. 



22 EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1415, THOS. WALWATN. 

be-quethe to the prestes an the Clerkys that mynystre in the for-sayd 

churche, by euen porcyon) a-mong hem, iij s. iiij (J. al-so, yf ther may 

be spared so moche of my gode aft^ my dedti^ an rement of my 

4 testament be fulfyllyt, y wyl that my moder hane xx*. Al-so [y] wyl 

that Ion), my prentys, haue a reles of to ^er of hys hoi tcrmys, of thys 

condicyon), that he be gode an trewe to my wyf. al-so y be-qnethe to 

the for-sede Ion), I graners, an a flot, an a planer, al-so y be-quethe 

8 tho Wmiam my sone, a new bras pot, an a panne, an a bedde, an 

a potel pot of peuwter. the residue of my gode, y be-quethe tho Amys 

my wyf, an my son), to kepe hem bof wyt al-so y make [If. 263 back] 

Eichard Koos, Gloucr, & Jon man), Corwancr, myn executou[r]8 ; 

12 & aydcr of hem to haue for ther trayuayfl, a gode bow. 

Probatum est hoc testaxnentum coram nobis. Testm) &c ij* kin) 
Octobrts, Anno sup7*a dido. £t commissa est admin2stracio omnium 
bonon^m &c Executoribtw supra dictis. 



THOS. WALWAYN, ESQ., OF MUCH MARCLE, 
. HEREFORDSHIRE, 1415. 

[Testament of the Personalty!] 

[One-third of sale-money of some land, to make the steeple of Marcle 
Church, one-third to poor Prisoners (debtors), Jth to neighbouring Poor, 
^th for the Marriage of young Women. 1000 Masses to be said. Resti* 
tution to be made for wrong-doing. Wife to have household goods, 
cloven-footed beasts, and com. Burial to be without useless pomp. 
Legacies to Children, &c. Both Testament and Will have been printed 
in some book on the Walwayn family, Appx. p. 63-4.] 

Book * March ' (Prerog. Court), leaf 258, 

16 TN dei nomine Amen, &c' Ego, Thomas Walwayn, condo testa- 

mentum in hunc modum : In primis, lego animam meam deo omni- 

potenti, corpus-qwe meuw ad sepeliendum in ecclesia de Michel 

Marcle,^ retro pa^rem & matrewi meos. Item lego ecclesie Cvk^edrali 

1 Mv/ih March (St. Bartholomew), a parish in the hundred of Greytree, co. 
Hereford, 5 miles S.W. by W. from Ledbury, in the archdeaconry and diocese of 
Hereford. — Lewis. 



EARLIEST EKQLISH WILLS. 1415, THOS. WALWATN. 23 

Herefordenji .C. s*. Item volo quod Capellanus Cantene, per feoffato* 
meos fondate, statim celebret cotidie in ecclesia predic^a pro anima 
mea Ss animakhiis patris [&] inat7*is meort^m, Ss a.nim&bu8 Antecessorum 
meoTum, Item volo quod tercia pars monete ^that may be hade of 4 
Dene and ChalfoixJ^ be sette by myn executot^rs vppon the makyng 
of the stepeH of the chirche of Marcle ; the second parte of the same 
goud, I woUe that hit helpe nede men oute of pryson, by the 
dysposicton of mjm Executowrs, per most nede is ; y remenant y 8 
wolle hit be parted on tweyne : halfe to the pores nedy folk that 
bun yn Marcle paryssh, Kempeley, Dymmok, Ledbury, Aylton), 
Preston), Putley, Wolfhope, Solershope, and Howecapeti^ ; And pat 
other half be 3eifi to the maryage of yonge pore wommew *yn the 12 
same parysshes by the disposicion of myn executowrs / and I wolle 
that ther be .x. M^ masses Isayde for me of gode p?'estes with aH 
hast, and my dette payed, and restitucton made ther eny wronge may 
be Ifounde be donn, (as I trust to god but lituti,) by myn executowrs. 16 
And I wott that Isabel!' my wyfe haue ati the necessaries, clothes, 
braas, and other instrumented of all myn housholdl. And aH cloue-fote 
bestes that I haue. And all my corne growyng and yn bernes atte 
Mercle and atte Massyngton), oute take xl. quarters of wete resemed 20 
to fullfeH with my wille. And an .C. mark of money. And I woH 
that* my enterement be holde with oute pompe, whyche may not 
-profjt myn soule. And I woti that 'Richard my son) haue tweyne 
my best hors. And .xl. pounde. Also I. wolle that Cristian my 24 
doughter haue to here mariage an .C. h of the profited of longeford? ; 
Maclun and William, euerychon of hem .xx mark. Item lego priori 
Magne Malueme .xl. li Item lego WilleZmo Walwayn, fratri meo 

^ The English part of the Latin Testament begins. 

* These lands are directed by the Testator's English fTilly to be sold by his 
Ezecntors, to fulfil his Testament : see p. 25, at foot 

* In Glo'stershire are, Kempley, 6i m. N.W. by N. from Newent ; Dymocky 3 j 
m. N.N.W. from Newent ; Ledbury ; and Aylton, 4 J m. "W. fromNewent ; and 
one Putley, W. of Aylton, and 5i m. "W. from Ledbury. Another Putley is a 
township in the parish of Woolhope, co. Hereford, which is probably Wolfhope 
of our text, 71 m. W. by S. from Ledbury. Ebw-Caple is in Herefordshire, 6 m. 
N.N.E. from Ross. Sollers Hope is west of Much Marcle, 7i m. N. by E. from 
Ross, and a little farther S.W. of Ledbury. 

* leaf 253, back. » MS. that that 



24 BABUEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1415, THOS. WALWATN. 

.XX ii. [Here follow other bequests, the appointment of executors — his 
wife Isabella (chief), John Walwayn of Stoke, testator's nephew 
Thomas, son of his said brother William Walwayn, John Prat, 
4 chaplain, Richard Pecok, chaplain, & John Bullok — ^c. all in Latin,'] 
Datt^m die martis in testo sancti Gregorii perpe. Anno domtni 
Millf«imo Quadi-ingentesimo quartodecimo. 

[Will of the Realty in Feoffees' hands.] 

. [Wife to have for life, lands in Marcle, Ledbury and Eastnor. On her 
death, Marcle lands to son Richard in tail, with remainder to nephew 
Thomas, and then nephew William, both in tail. Ledbury and Eastnor lands 
to son Maclun in tail, with remainder to son William in tail, remainder to 
testator in tail. Son Richard and his wife Clemence, to have other lands, 
in tail, with remainder to nephew Thomas in tail, &c. Other land, to 
fomid a perpetual chantry. Thatley and Farley, to son Maclun in tail, 
with remainder to son William in tail, &c. Butterley and the Fen to son 
William in tail, with remainder to son Maclun in tail, <fec. Longford to be 
held for 20 years by the Feoffees, and its profits (with sale-monies of Dean 
and Chalford) paid to testator's Executors to fulfil his Testament with. 
After the 20 years, Longford to go to Wife for life, with remainder to son 
William in tail, then to son Maclun in tail. Aylton to son Richard.] 

The Wille of Thomas Walwayn to his feoffes of his londes yn 

8 eueri place yn EngeloniJ, qwyche the forsaide Thomas requyreth his 

feoffes that they p^fome as they wolle ansswere arfore god atte the 

day of dome. And for aH the trust that he hath yn hem, ffurst L 

wolle that ^e make Isabelle, my weyf, goud estat of the londes rente* 

12 that 30 bun feoffed Li, yn Marcle paryssh, Ledebury paryssfi, and 
Estnore^, to holde hit to terme of here lyue; the remayndre, after her 
deces, of the londes in Marcle and Marcle paryssh, to 'Richard my 
son), and to hers of his body frelych be-gotun for euermore ; powr 

16 defaut of issu, to the hers of the body of the forsaide Thomas 
Walwayn be-getun ; And for de-f aut of issu of Thomas, to William 
Walwayn), brother of the forsayd Thomo* Walwayn, and to hers of 
his body frelych be-getun for euermore. the remayndre of the londes 

20 yn ledebury and ledbury paryssh, and Estnore, to Maclun my sone, 

and the hers of his body frelych be-gete ; for defaut of issu of 

Maclun, to William my sone, and to the hers of his body frelych 

^ East7tor, a parish in the hundred of Radlow, co. Hereford, 2J m. S.E. by E. 
from Ledbury, Herefordshire. — Lewis. 



BARLIEST EKGLISH WILLS. 1415, THOS. WALWATN. 25 

be-gete for euermore ; and for defaut of issu of the forsaic? "W". 
my sone, remayndre to the hers of my body frelych be-gete && vt 
supra. Also I wolle that his feofifes enfeofe 'Richard his sone, and 
Clemens his wyfe, yn Kynegespeawyn, hyde, Byllyngeslond yn 4 
Bwaren), the rent that he boght atte Horde, to haae to hem, and to 
the hers bytwex hem tweyn f relych be-gete, for euermore ; for defaut 
of issu by-twex hem be-gete, the remayndre to the hera of Thomas 
Walwaipiea body be-gete, &c<, vt supra. Also I wolle that my feoff es, 8 
je geuyn Braynesplace and Coycellesplace Bevlmulle (V) \ the lond atte 
Dymmokeschastell,^ yn-to a chaunterie yn marclechyrcfi, by the 
dysposicion of my executowrs, for a prest to seynge ther perpetually. 
Also I. wolle that my feoff es mak estat to Maclun my sone, of 12 
Thatteley and Farley,' to hym and to the hers of his body; for defaut 
of the forsaide Maclun, to William my sone, and to the hers of 
his body frelych be-gete ; for de-faut of issu, &C, vt supra. Also I 
wolle that my forsaid feoffes make estat of Butterley and of the fenne, 16 
to ^William my sone, and to the hers of his body frelych be-gete ; 
for defaut of issu of WiZKaw, to Maclun and to the hers, &c, vt 
supra, Kemanere. Also I. wolle that my feoffes kepun LongefordI yn 
here honde thys .xx. jeres, delyueryng the profited ther-of to my 20 
executours to fulfille-wyth my testament. And after the .xx. jeres 
terminer, I. wolle that Isabelle my weyf [haue] it to terme of her lyue 
wyth-oute empeschement of wast ; the remayndre, after deces of 
here, to Wylliam my sone, and to hers of his body frelych be-getun ; 24 
for defaut of William my sone, to maclun and to the hers of his body 
frelych be-getun : for defaut of issu of maclun, &c«, vt supra. Also 
I wolle that of my londe of Dene and Chalford,* I wolle hit be 

^ read ' Ceycells place, Beblemulle ' in a former print. 

• ? in Dymoek (St. Mary), a parish in the hundred of Botloe, co. Glo'ster, 3 j 
m. N.N.W. from Newent. — Lewis. 

• Farley may be FarloWy in the parish of Stottesden, 6 J m. N.W, by N. from 
Cleobury Mortimer, in Herefordshire. — Lewis. * leaf 254. 

• Dene may be Mitchell (A. Sax, mycel, great) Dean, the chief town of the 
Forest of Dean, a market-town and parish in Glostershire, 11 m. W. of Glo'ster, 
or Little Dean, on the verge of the forest, 1| m. N.W. by N. from Newnham, 
Glostershire. — Lewis. 

Chal/ord may be Chalford in the parish of Bisley, Glostershire, 4 m. S.E. by 
£. from Stroud. — lama. 



26 EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1417, THOMAS BROKE. 

sholde by myn executoMrs to fuUefille wytfi my testament. Also 
Ayltoh) remaynet^ to Bichard my sooe. 

[Codicil f in Latin.'] 

Memorandum, quod Thomas Walwayn). Armiger, de Comitatu 

4 Hereford?, compos mentw, decimo nono die mensis maij, Anno 

domini MilWimo .CCCC. quintodecimo, recitane se miper fecisse et 

condidisse suuw testamentuw super disposicione bonorMm suon^m, ad 

idem testamentum, per viam Codicilli, superaddebat & voluit quod 

8 [&c. appoints his son Richard one of his executors, &c.]. 

(Testament, Will & Codicil, proved by Isabella the widow, & 
Richard the son, on May 20, 1416 ; "and afterwards on 21 May a 
Commission was directed to the Prior of Great Malvern to make a 
12 Grant to the other Executors.— (^o/w 32 Marche, C. P. C.)." 



THOMAS BROKE, Landowner, op Holditch, 
Thorncombe, Devonshire, 1417. 

[To be buried in Thorncombe Church, under a plain flat stone ; not in 
a coffin, but only a cloth ; and no feast to be held. But 300 Poor to be fed, 
and have ^d, each, and 300 Children Id* Poor tenants to have £20 among 
em ; the poorest tenant £100 ; and £10 and more to go as restitution for 
wrong-doing. £100 to poor Blind and Lame. Residue to Wife.] 

(March, leaf 316, back, Prerog. Court.) 

In the name of the Lorde of aH: Lordes, the aHmy^ty ymmortal 
Trinite, I, wrichydf Synnei*, Thomas Broke, in gode Mynde, and out 
of Sekenesse, make my testament*, 3yf it be the will of god, in this 
16 manei*, prayng him, of his bye yndelesse mercy, fouchesafe to receyue 
my wrechedl vnclene soule in-to his mercy, and kepe hyt fram 
dampnacion, for the meke passyoe^n and det^ that his debonure 
Sonne, oure lorcJ Ihesu Crist', SofFrecJ on) the Crosse for Cherite & pety 
20 of mankyncJ. And my wyll is, that my body be BeryecJ in the 
Chirchfiey of the Paryshcfiurcfi of Thomecombe^, as men gotfi ouei* 

1 Thorncombe (St. Mary), a parish (formerly a market-town) forming a 
detacht portion of the hundred of Axminster, co. Devon, 6^ m. S."W. by W. from 
Axminster. The owner of the old Cistercian Abbey at Ford in this parish, ' holds 
a court at Holditch' (see page 27). — Lewis. 



EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1417, THOMAS BROKE. 27 

in-to ^J>e churcfe at fe SontBl Sjde, ry^te as they mo we stappe on 
me / and a flaf playne stone, sane my name ygraued ]7ai^-In, that 
men mowe the rathei* haue mynde on me, and pray for me. And 
nethei' wheche^, ne leede, to be leyde in / bote a grete Clothe to hely 4 
my foule Caiyin ; and of Torches, bote .iij., and .iij. taprys ; Ande 
no fesf nofer termenf yhold?, hot .iij., Masses atte my buryyng*, 
sane CCC poure men schullen haue mete & drynke ynowe, and 
euery man and woman of ham .iij. d?, & euery chyld? of .CCC. 8 
ChUderne .1. [cJ], yf fer be so many Childeme / and .xiij. poure men 
clothed in Eussett ylyned? witt white, and euery of ham to haue 
.viij d / and I bequethe to my poure tenauntes of Holdych, Hotham, 
Cherd', Cotteleygh*, & Wycrofte^, that haueth yjeue to me CapoMns & 12 
bederpes® and Plouwys, 3ou}e^ fey be noujte my tenauntes, I wiH pat 
myn executours do her* gre by god disc?'ecion atte J?e value of xx ii 
amonge hame / and if any ofer man or woman be, that Cane Pleyne 
hym pat ich 6aue oppressed hym), or do wrange to him, ope)* yete 16 
'with my bestys his Come oper his grase, and nou3te amendit® hit to 
hyin) ; to amende such trespasses, I bequethe x. tL : and I bequethe to 
aH my ponrest tenauntes, where pat fey be, excepte ham J>at I haue 
ynemned in fis bok to-for, C. ii in mony / and I bequethe to Poure 20 
men blynd and lame .C. ti, and to suwi trew maw, by good discrecyon) 
to do party* the mony forseyd / and namely ch iff ych haue do wronge 
to eny of my tenauntes ^®or mys tak hir good, I wiH fat it be restored 
to ham, whether* it be Man or woman, be avysement* of myn) 24 
Executours, as fey wiH aunswere to-for god at fe dome / and f e 
resyduwe of a3i my goodys and CateH, in this my testament* noujte 

• |> is printed for y. • ? hutch, chest, coffin. 

• There is a Chard in Somerset, 13 m. S.E. by S. from Taunton, and 12 K 
from Honiton in Devon. — Lewis. 

• CoUeigh, a parish in the hundred of Colyton, co. Devon, 3 m. E.N.E. 
from Honiton. — Lewis. 

• Cp. Henry de "Wicroft. — Prince's Worthies o/DevoUj 1810, p. 495. 

• Bedrepes, Days of work performed in harvest time by the customary 
tenants, at the bidding of their lords. See Cullum's Mawsted, 1784, p. 189. 
HalL's Gloss. The word is in Thorpe's Ancient Laws, i. 436, 1. 4, and the new 
Bosworth's A. -Sax. Diet. Prof. Skeat says it **is from A. Sax. he6d-an, to bid, 
summon, and A.S. rip, later M.E. rip, a reaping (Stratmann gives rip), Cf. hid^ 
ale. The sense is ' reaping done by summoned men.' " 

^ though. ^ ! MS. amende. * cause to be parted, divided. ^^ leaf 817. 



28 BABUEST BNOLISH WILLS. 1418, JOHN SOLAS. 

bequethede, ycR jeue Holelycfe, and bequethe, to lohane my wyfe, 
reseruynge alweys to me voile power* to chaunge fis testament, opev 
to mak hit more, oper to amenusy hit, oJ)er to vndo hit aH, as ofte as 
4 me Lusteth, or whanne J)at me lyketh, duryng my Lyfe. and to do 
goocJ and trewe execuc/on of f is my testamewt, ych ordeyne and mak* 
mjne Executours, lohane my wyfe, William Brerdori), sir loBn) Day, 
parsone of Bageworthe^, Eaufe Perceuale, sir Ed ware) OsboMrne, vicary 
o of Thomecombe. This testament is my voile & hole wille J)e day 
of ]7e date of fis my testament, the dat^ in my Manoui* of Holdec&, on 
Setrysday in J)e vygyle of ])e Holy Trynyte, the ^eve of grace & of J)e 
incamacyown of oure Lorde Ihesu Criste, M\ CCCC."* xv*. Thys 

12 twey Lynis I wrete almeste with myn) owne Hondf. 

'Proha.tum fuit hoc testamentum. coram Magi^^ro lohanne Estcourt 
&c, v®. die Februarij, anno domini Mille«imo CCCC .xvij® &c*, & 
cowmissa admiwistracio bonorwm domino Edwarc^ Osbowme, vicar/o 

16 eccZe^ie parochiane de Thornecombe &&, Eeseruata potestate &c. & 
ha&ent diem ad exhibendwm InuentariMW primo die iuridico post 
sanctum Pasche -proKimum in futnro &c, & subsequewter acqimtancia 
iuit dido executori &&, 



JOHN SOLAS, OF SOUTHWARK, SURREY, 1418. 

[To be buried in St. George's, Southwark. Gifts to that Church, its 
Priests and Clerk. Gifts of gowns and money to Servants and others, and 
of half a year's rent to E. VeeL Residue to Wife.] 

(March, quire 42, If. 337.) 

20 In the name of« the fader and the sone and the holy-gost, atte hye 
reuerens of onre lord? Ihesn Criste, and of ys blessed moder seynte 
Marie, and of seynt lohan the Ewangelisf and al other holy seyntes 
of henene, I, Ion Solas of Southwerk*, in good mynde and good? 

24 deliberacion), my testament I make yn thys forme : atte begynnyng* 
I be-quethe my sonle to our lord Ihe«u Crist and to oure lady seynte 

1 There's a Badgworth in Somerset, 2^ m. S. W. by "W. from Axbridge. 



BARLIBST BNGLI8H WILLS. 1418> JOHN SOLAS. 29 

Marie, and to alle aleves^ of heuene / And my body to be beret in the 
northpart of* the Churche of seynt Gorge of Soutwerk« / Also I 
be-quethe to that same Churche werk* C s'. Al-so I be-qnethe to the 
hye auter I Marc / Also I be-quethe to euery preste that ther 4 
syngytfi the day of my berynge / iiij (J / Also I be-quethe the Clerk* 
of* the same Churche xl. d. Al-so I be-quethe to lofi Euenwode iiij 
nobis, and a goune newe of blak*. al-so I be-quethe to Thomas Elyot 
XX s' [&] a goune of" blak. Al-so I. be-quethe to Ion Costert my 8 
seruaunt, x s' and a goune . . Also I be-quethe to EicharcB my seruaunt 
I. noble, and a goune and a doblet. Al-so y be-quethe to lone* 
Batesey, xl <J and a goune / Al-so y wole that my wyfe and al my 
chyldren) be atte my berynge, yn case they leue. Also I for-jeue 12 
Edeyn Veel / V Marc / of here rente for an alfyere, yn case I deye. 
Al-so I be-quethe to Ion Bryxhytt a goune. al-so I be-quethe to 
Thomas "Wade a goune. Al-so I be-quethe to William Mymmes a 
goune, and to Anneys ys wyfe a goune. Also ^I be-quethe to Ion 16 
Archer a goune. Also I be-quethe to Adam Bigge a goune / The 
remenaunt of" my godys that be not be-quethe ne ^euen, I be-quethe 
to lone my wyfe, for to do and ordeyne as sche thyngyth best, and as 
sche wole answere atte hey day of lugement / To thys testament to 20 
ordeyne and parforme, I make myn executours, my wyfe a-boue 
seyd, Robert Bromesbury and William Horton). In the wytnesse of 
the wyche thynge, I haue set to my sele. I-jeuen atte South-werk" 
in the parsche of seynt Gorges, the xij day of luly, the ^ere of om-* 24 
lonJ Ihe^u Crist M* CCCC xviij. Probatum fuit iestameiitum. coram 
MsLgistio lohannQ Estcourt, Comissario &c, vicesimo secundo die 
Mensis lulij, anno domini W CCCC"*** xviij'^^. Et comissa fuit 
administracio lohanne, Yxori & Executrici dicti defuncti, &&, 28 
Keseruata potestate &c. 

^ hallows, saints. * T MS. loem. 

' leaf 337, back. ' Also ' is repeated in the MS. 



30 BARLIBST ENGLISH WILLS. 1418, JOHN CHELMIBWTK. 



JOHN CHELMYSWYK, ESQ., SHROPSHIRE, 1418. 

[Gives £5 to Quatford church for his soul's sake. AOs. each to the 
Friars of Bridgnorth, Woodhouse, Shrewsbury, Ludlow, London ; and to 
the Prisoners in Ludgate, Newgate, and the Marshalsea ; and 20s, each to 
the 6 London Hospitals ; to sing 30 Masses, and pray for his soul, his late 
wife's, his grandmother's, (be. £70 for 2 priests to sing 7 years for his 
soul, at Bridgnorth, and £2 for their vestments, and £7 to keep his Year's 
Mind there for 7 years; and at each Mind 20«. to be given to the 
Bridgnorth poor. Jonet, his 2nd wife, to have (for her dowry, <fec.) £40 
and his household goods, save gold and silver, <&c. 6 silver sawcers to be 
made into 2 Chalices for the 7-year priests. Wife to have his Manor of 
Staverton for Ufe (with remainder to his heirs in tail), and let Emot Roe, 
her mother, have Aspley, for which he's given his Bond for £400 to John 
Roe. If testator dies childless, Staverton to be sold, and the produce go 
in Charity and Masses. If his wife Jonet turns her mother out of Aspley, 
she's to be turnd out of Staverton, which is to go to his heirs in tail, or 
be sold as aforesaid. Manors of Hay and Tasley to be sold and applied 
to Charity and Masses. If wife Jonet keeps sole for a year, her state's to 
be kept up free. Gold chain, <fec. to Wife. Silver dishes, money, fiirrd 
gowns, &:c, to Executors. Residue to be applied in Charity and Masses 
£5 to Tasley Church ; and bedding^ hangings, <Jz;o. to the Parson of Tasley 
and R. Crowder.] 

(March, If. 335 bk., P. C.) 

^In the name of God, Amen, the iiij* day of the monthe of Apritt, 
The 3ere of god a M^ CCCC xviij®, and the jere of* the regne of kyng* 
Henry the V® after the conquest, vj*. L lohn) Chelmyswyk", squier 

4 of Shropshire, hole of mynde & in my gode memorle beyng*, 
ordeyne & make my present testament of my last wille in this 
manere / flBrst I recommende my saule to almyghty god, to cure lady 
seint marie virgine hys moder, & to alle the Seintes in heuene, and 

8 my body for to be beryed where god of his mercy for me wolle 
dispose. Also I bequethe to the werkw of the body of the 
Parysshchirche of Seint Marie Magdaleyn) of QuatforcJ^ in Shropeshire, 

* ' Testamenium. Johannis Chelmiswyk * in margin. 

' Quatford (St. Mary Magdalene), a parish partly in the boro' of Bridgenorth, 
but chiefly in the hundred of Stottesden, Shropshire, 2 m. S.£. from Bridge- 
nortlu — Lewis. 



BARLIBST ENGLISH WILLS. 1418, JOHN OHBLMTSWYE. 31 

& to ordeyne yestmentiff & omamenti^ in the same Chirche nedefoH, 
after the discreciot/n of my Executotirs, so that my soule be 
recommended in Goddys sendee there, C s*. Item I be-quethe to the 
freres Menot^rs of Bryggenorth, to do singe for my soule, and for the 4 
soules of my fader & moder, Thomas my sone, Elyanore late my 
wyf, lonet Chelmeswyk* my Graundame, and alle my god fryndys 
soules, & for alle cristene soules, the hole Seint Gregories Trentati^, & 
to praye deuotely for my soule & the soules aforsayde, xl s'. Item I 8 
bequethe in the same manere and condicioz^n to the ffreres of 
"Wodehouse xl s*. Item I be-quethe in the same manere and con- 
diciot^n to eueryche ^of the thre Ordres of freres in Shrovesbury xl s*. 
Item I be-quethe in the same manere and condiciot^n to eueryche of 12 
the twey Ordres of ffreres in ludlowe xl a\ Item I be-quethe, to 
fynde Twey honestes prestos to singe goddys seruice for my soule, & 
for the soules aforsai(), in the Chaunte^ie of the Chirche of Seint 
Leonardo in Brigge-north be vij 3ere next folwyng^ after my desese, 16 
Ixx ti of sterlinges, that ys to wete, euery preste takyng* for hys 
salarie be ^ere, C s*. Item I be-quethe to the mendyng* of the feble* 
& foule weye beside Portmannes Crosse fast by BriggenortB, xl s*. 
Item I be-quethe to eueryche of the iiij Ordres of ffreres in y Citee of 20 
London), that ys to wethe, Prechowrs, Honours, Austyns, & Carmes,* 
xl .s'., so that eueryche of* J?* forsaide iiij Ordres do singe for my 
soule, and for the soules a-forsaide, the hole seint Gregories Trentati, 
and pray for my soule and for the soules a-forsaide. Item 1 24 
be-quethe viij s' iiij c^ to do singe for me Soule, & for de Soules 
aforsaide, C masses in oo day. Item I be-quethe to the prisoners of 
Ludgate in London), to pray for my soule & for de soules a-forsaide, 
XX b\ Item I be-quethe, vp y same condiciown, to f* prisoners of 28 
Kewgate in London), xl. s*. Item I bequethe, vp y same condicioi^n, 
to the prisoners of the Marschalsie, xx s*. Item I bequethe to y 
pore hospitales, that is to say, Seint Marie spiteli wit^-oute Bis- 

^ This Trental (jtrvginta-lis) was 80 Masses, 3 on each of the 10 chief Festivals 
of the year : Christinas, the Circumcision, Mary's Purification, the Annuncia- 
tion, Resurrection, Ascension, Pentecost, Trinity Sunday, Mary's Assumption, 
and her Nativity (Sept. ^). See the poem Trentalle Sancti Cfregorii, in my 
Beligwua, Political, and Ave Poems, E. E. T. Soc. 1866, p. 87. 

* leaf 336. ^ ? MS. fevle. ^ For these Orders of Friars, see p. 16, 17 n. 



32 EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1418, JOHN OHELMTSWTK. 

shoppesgate^, Bedlem, Seint Thomas in South werk*, Seint Antonies 
Elsyng* spitell^j Seint Bartil-mewes in Smythfeld in London), Seint 
Gyles beside Holbowrne, that is to wete, to eueryche hospitaS, 
4 to parte a-monge pore folk* there, xx s\ to pray for my soule & de 
soules aforsaide. It^m I beqiiethe to do ordeyne & bye ij vestment;^ 
to serue to the forsaide ij Prestes that shuU singe for me in the 
foisaide Chaunt6rie in the Chirche of seint Leonardo in Briggenort^, 
8 xL s'. Also I wille that aft^ the forsayde ij Prestes haue fulfilled 
here vij ^ere seruice aforsaide, that than) the forsaide ij. vestmentes 
shufi remayne & duelle still alwey in the forsaide Chaunterie to serue 
the prestes of* the same Chaunterie, to the worships of* God, as so 

12 longe as th[e]y may endure. Al-so y bequethe to do make & holde 
my Mynde euery jere duryng* vij 3ere next folwyng* after my desese, 
in the forsaide Chirche of Seint Leonardo honestliche,. Ss to do 
recommende my soule & y soules aforsaide in )>* same mynde, vij K, 

16 that is to wete, to spende atte euery mynde, xx s*. Item I bequethe 
other vij ti to ^eve to poremen in the same vij 3ere, that is to sey, 
atte euery mynde xx s', for to be delet in Bnggenorth after the 
discreciown of myne Executowrs, for to pray for my soule ^ & for the 

20 soules aforsaide / Item I bequethe to lonet my wyfe, in the name of 
here Dowerye & of* here parte belonging to here of al my godes 
mobles, xl. li of ste?*linges, and aH my beddynge & naperie, and alle 
myne arraye & necessaries in my chambre, and alle othere meuable 

24 Godes ther-in beyng*, and alle manere apparaillement & necessaries 
longynge to the body of the same lonet, Outake Golde & syluer, & 
myne owne werynge clothes, ij peire of my best shetes, & vj disshes 
& vj Sawcers of seluer. The wyche shetes .1. bequeth, that is to 

?8 say, a peire to Sire William LocharcJ, And the tother peire to 
Maister Ion MarchaH, Dene of Briggenortfi. Item I bequethe the 

1 St. Mary Spittle, in Shoreditch, founded by Walter Brane, Mercer of 
London, and Rosia his wife, a.d. 1197. See Stow's Survey, 1720, voL i., Bk II. 
p. 97, with the account of Q. Elizabeth's grand procession from the Spittle in 
April 1559, with 1000 armd men, cannons, drums, flutes, trumpets, morice- 
dancings, and 2 White Bears in a cart. 

* ? St. Anthony's Hospital in the parish of St. Benet Fink, Broad St Ward, 
London. This was the • Anthonie' or *Tanthony Pig,' place. — Stow's Survey, 
vol. i., Bkll. p. 120, ed. 1720. 

3 MS. may be * saule.* 



BABUE8T ENGLISH WILLS. 1418, JOHN GHELMTSWYK. 33 

forsaide vj sawcers, to do make there-of Twey Chalices to serue the 
forsaide Twey prestes in y forsaide Chaunterie duryng* the forsaide 
vij ^ere. And After the vij ^ere be f ulfellet, I wolle that the same 
Twey Chalices shuH Abyde in the same Chaanterie to the worshipe 4 
of god for euere more. Item I bequethe to the same lonet my wyf 
my Maner of Stavertoh)^ with the apptzrtenai^nces, in the shire 
of Gloucestre, to haue & to holde, terme of here lyfe, doynge to the 
Chief lordes of fat fee the Seruice ther-of due, & of rygh[t] Cus- 8 
tume / Yp condicioz^n that the same lonet suffre Emot, here moder, 
to reioise peisibly, & to haue Ss to holde, terme of the lyf* of the same 
Emot, the Maner of Aspleye^ with the appwrtenaunces ; And al-so vp 
condicioz/n that y same lonet saue and kepe harmeles myh) heirs & 12 
executot^rs a-^ens lohn) Eoe that hath wedded the forsaide Emot, of 
a Obligaciown* of CCCC ti that I. am bounde to hym, vp condicioitn 
that the same Emot shal holde & occupie peisible, terme of her* lyfe, 
the forsaide maner wiiJi Hhe appurtenaunces, witA-oute distourbaunce 16 
of me or of lonet my wyf, oure heires or assynes. AncJ I wille that 
after the decese of lonet my wyf, the forsaide manere of Staverton) 
with the appwrtenawnces, duelle & remayne to the heires of my body 
lawfully be-gete, & to here heires & assignes for euere more, doyng* to 20 
y chieflf lordes of y fee, )>* seruice there-of" due & of* right custume. 
And 3if' I dye w/t^-oute heires of my body lawfully begete, than I 
wolle that, after the decese of the same lonet my wif<, the forsaide 
Manere of< Staverton) wtt^ the appurtenaz^nces be soldo be my ffefifes 24 
& my Executours in the best manere that they may, and that the 
money that comel^ there-of be disposet in werkes of charite, & 
in masses to be songe for my saule & for the soules aforsaide, after 
the discreciot^n of" the forsaide sillers. And jif" so be that [the] 28 
forsaide Jonet my wyf" put oute the forsaide Emet here modir, 
in here lyf" of" the f orsait Mane?*e of Aspleye M^ith the apptirtenawnces, 
& fat may be recorded be Trewe men, than) y wille that the same 
lonet be vtterliche excluded & voyded fro the forsaide Manere 32 
of Staverton) wit^ the appz^rtenaunces, & fat she haue no profet 

* StmerUm in the hundred of Deerhurst, 4f m. W. by N. from Cheltenham. 
' There's an Aapley in Warwickshire, 4 or 5 m. N.W. of Henley in Arden. 
» MS. OlligacioMn. * leaf 336, back. 

B. E. WILLS. D 



34 BARLIB8T ENGLISH WlhlB. 1418, JOHN GHELMYSWYK. 

Jjer-of*, terme of* here lyf". But than) that J>* same Manere of 
Stauej-toii), whyt appwrtenawnces, remayne to myn heirs of my body 
frely begete & lawfully, ant to here heirs & assignes for euere more ; 
4 and ^if fat I dey wiVi-oute heire of my body lawfully be-gete, than) 
I wolle fat y same manure with y appwrtenawnces be solde, and the 
mony HheTe-of comynge, to be disposed in werkes of cherite, & 
in masses to be songe for my soule & p^ soules aforsaid. Item 
8 I bequethe to sille after my decese be myne Executowrs, ^if I dey 
whyt-oute heire of my body lawfully begete, my Maners of the 
Haye & Tasseleye^ with here appwrtenawnces, & my partie of the 
place of Lynches, & my tenement witJt y appz^rtenaz^nces in Halgot 

12 in Shropeshire, Ss alle my other londes and tQnementes witJi here 
app2^rtena?inces in the same shire; and that the mony ther-of 
comyng*, be disposed in) workes of cherite & in masses to be songe ^ 
be ordinae^nces of myne Executowrs for my soule and for f* soules 

16 aforsaid. Item I wille that jif lonet my wif* kepe here soole, with- 
oute husbonde, Twelf-monthe after my decese, than) she ffounde be 
of my goddes durynge fat ^ere in alle here costes, after y same 
honeste and degre as she is founde p^ day of makynge of this testa- 

20 ment. Item I bequethe to the same lonet, my ffurre of Calabre, my 
best Cheyne of Goldf, a doseyn spones of* siluer, and a pece of siluer. 
Item I bequethe to lohn) Yate, myn vncle, vp condiciown that he be 
one of myn) Executowrs, & take ministraciown of thys testament, yj 

24 dysshes of siluer, & my best GirdiH of siluer. Item I bequethe, vp 
the same condicion, to lohh) Page of Oxenbolde, x ti of sterlinges. 
Item I bequethe, vp the same condicidz^n, to lohh) Lemman), Citezein 
& Skynner of London), x ti of" sterlinges, & my worstede Goune with 

28 J>* ffurre, & my Baselardf harneysed with siluer. Item I be-quethe, vp 
the same condiciown, to lohn) Baldok*, Citezein & Waxchaundeler* of 
London), x marc, & my furre of Fycheux'. Item I be-quethe to the 

* Tasley, a parish in the hundred of Stottesden, Shropshire, If m. N.W. by 
W. from Bridgenorth. There's a Rey in the parish of Ashton-under-Lyne, 
hundred of Salford, Lancashire, 2 m. £. from Oldham. 

3 MS. sonde. 

' The Foumart or foul Mart(em), — Mustela PutoriiiSf Lin. — 'is likewise 
called the Folecatj or Fitchet ... its ears are short, broad, and tipt with white on 
their edges ; it is white about the mouth ; the rest of the body is for- the most 
part of a deep-chocolate colour : the sides are covered with hairs of two colours. 



EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1418, JOHN GHELMYSWTK. 35 

wyf* of y forsaide lohii) Lemma/i, my lititt Cheyne of Gold? that 
serueth for myne arms. Item I bequethe to Symondl Wrenchin, 
Skynner, my Bastard Swerd?^. The Residue of alle my Godes & my 
Catallys mebles, where euere that they be, after my dettis payde and 4 
my que^tes fulfilled, & my sepulcure made, I bequethe to myiD 
Executo^^rs, to dispose hit for my soule & for the soules aforsaid, in 
werkes of Charite, and in masses to be songe, as they se most 
plesaunce to god, & hele to my soule & to the soules aforsaide. Of* 8 
this testament I make & ordeyne myn) Execut©wrs, that is to sey, the 
forsaide lohn) Yate, lohn) Page, lohri) Lemman, & lohn) Baldok*, that 
they trewly ffulfille my last wille as I trust in hem. In wetenesse of 
wheche things, to thys Testament I haue put my sele : the date is 12 
the day & the ^ere aforsaide. Item I bequethe to the werkz^ of the 
body of the Parisshe Chirche of Tasseley in Sbropeshire, & to ordeyne 
yestmentes Ss omamentes in the same Chirche nedeful, after the 
discrecron of" myne^ Executowrs, so that my soule be recommendid 16 
There in goddys seruice, C s. Item I wolle that sire lohn) 
Hogenes, person) of Tasseley, & RichardI Crowder, haue and reioise 
alle the hustilmentts^ of* Beddyng*, hallyng*^, pottys & pannes, & 
peauter vesseH: pat I left in kepyng* atte hay & Briggenorth, To haue 20 
& holde for here Rewarde that I am holde to hem. Probatu7w fuit 
hoc ^ coram MsLgistro lohawwe Estcourt, Comissanb, xiij"** die Mensis 
Nouembris anno dcmimi W 0000™** xviij®, et commissa est adminis- 
tracio 'Executoribus in eodem testa?riew^o nomiwati^, & ha&ent diem ad 24 
exhibend^^m Inuentonww & c: et sextodecimo die dioti Mensis 
iN"ouembrw, acquietati sunt Executores per fiwew .xx. s./ 

the ends being dark like the rest of the body, and the Tiiiddle* of a full tawny 
colonr." Its tail is 6 in. long, and its body about 17. Bewick, Ifist of Quad- 
rupeds, 1800, p. 252. 

^ ' The forme ... of this He [England] is three cornered . . like vnto a 
triangle, bastard sword, wedge, or partesant, being broadest in the south part, 
and gathering still narrower and narrower, till it come to the farthest point of 
Cathnesse northward, where it is narrowest of all.* — Harrison's Description of 
Britaine, in Holinshed's Chronicle, 1687, i 2, at foot. 

* The MS. repeats * Item I bequethe to the werkis of the body of the Parisshe 
chirche of Tasseley.' 

* Ebstilement, hostillemenz : Meubles, utensiles, instrumens de labourage . . . 
hostiller, gamir, munir. — Roquefort. 

* Hallyng, hangings for a hall. » leaf 387, Quire 43. 

D 2 



M EARLIEST BNQUSH WILLS. 1418, THOMAS TVOKT. 



THOMAS TVOKY, ESQUIRE, 1418. 

[Wai incomplete. Gives beds, and 3 green-silk nets for curtains, down 
pillows, gowns f urrd with Martins, Genets, wild Cats, black Lamb, Beaver 
and Otter ; doublets of defence coverd with leather ; cloaks, a tablecloth, <fec.] 

(March, 346, back.) 

iTn tbe name of ^fe fader and Jje sons and J>e holy goost, almygfety 
-■- god. I. Thomas Tvoky, J>orowgodis grace esquier, make my testa- 
ment in J)is wyse. first I. be-quej)e my sowle to almygfity godi, and to 
4 his moder & mayden Marie, and to &¥t pQ Seyntes of Heuen / also 
my body to Holy erthe, wher that godys wil Ls, to be buried? ; also al 
myn Harney s, pat is to say, a bed of Lyn wit a hool silour*^ and 
Couerlet of fe same wrogfit wit mapil leues and fret of .iij. foitt, & iij. 
8 nettes of Silk* grene for quirtayns for the same bed / also u bed of 
red and grene *dimi Selot^r' wit .iij. quirtayns of worsted?; also fat 
on in warde of Anneys Elyngton), and a paire of schetes, .ij. paire of 
Blancketes, .ij. paire of scbetes, .j. pylow of Doun, lengfi of a yerd, .ij. 

12 Pylows of doun, lengfe euerycfi of half a ^erd ; also .vj. reof* quisshens 
of worsted, .iiij. in ward of pe same Anneys; also a Materas for 
a bed ; also a gowne of Sch[a]rlet wit brod sleues furred with gray ; 
also a gowne of blew worsted furred wit Jjrotes^ and poUes of 

16 Martrons^; Also a gowne of gray russet furred wit lonetis^ and 

^ * Testamentum Thome Tovky * in margin. 

^ \> \a printed for initial and central y, 

3 Canopy of a bed. Fr. del, L. co^lum, heaven. 

* ? MS: duni. » MS. protes. 

* The Martin ' is the most beantiful of all the Weasel kind,' about 18 in. 
long ; body-fur, dark brown, on the belly paler ; head brown, mixt with red ; 
throat and breast white. — Bewick, Hist of QuadrupedSy 1800, p. 265-7. 

' The Genet, Vwerra Genetta, Lin., is found in Turkey, Syria, and Spain. 
Its colours are beautifully variegated, and its fur valuable. Its body * is longer 
than that of the Martin . . its hair soft, smooth, and shining ; of a tawny red 
colour, spotted with black : along the ridge of the back there is a kind of mane 
of long hair, which forms a black line from head to tail ; the spots on the sides 
are round and distinct ; those on the back almost close : its tail is long, and 
marked with seven or eight rings of black. From an orifice beneath its tail, it 
yields a kind of perfume, which smells faintly of musk.' — Bewick, HiM, of 
Quadrupeds, 4th ed., 1800, p. 288-9. 



EARLIBST ENGLISH WILLS. 1417-18, STEPHEN THOMAS. 37 

^wylde Cat/« ; also a gowne of grene frese, in ward, & c^, furryd wiih 
blak Lambe ; also in ward &c«, a furre of beuer and oter medled ; also 
a Hewf of grene and other melly parte<J ; also a Doubeled of defence 
couered with red Leper ; also \j. remenauntz of the Lynne be<J ; [aljso i 
xij. quysshons; also a Cloke of Blake russet; Also a Dobelet 
conered with Blak gote Le))ei' ; ako a bordclot]^ the Lenghe of 
.V. :jerdes of werk* ; also a towayl of werk*, Lengfee ,xj. jerdes. 



STEPHEN THOMAS, OF LEE, ESSEX, 1417-18. 

ILcUin Testament. Chaplain to do Masses for a year for Testator*s 
Soul, &c. Poor of Lee to have 12d. each. Residue to Executors, to lay 
out for Testator^s soul. 

Mriglish Will, Executors appointed, and given 20s, each. Certain 
folk to have the Ist Option of buying goods : produce to go to the aisle 
of Lee Church. Wife to have her dwelling-place for her life. Debts 
swom-to, to be paid. Lee poor to have 12c?. each ; * Jankyn clerk ' ]2</. 
[Cp. Chaucer's Wife of Bath's Freamhle, 1. 695, 628], others Qd. ; Hadley 
poor 4d. each. Gifts to Relatives. Debts owing by and to Testator, named.] 

(March (P. P. C), If. 868. 

[margin.'] Teatamentum Stei^hani Thomas, de la lye in Comitatu 
Essex/e. [The Codicil made at EoueUy p. 40.] 

IN dei nomine Amen. Mensis Maij, die octauo, anno domim 8 
mnesimo CCCC"«» xvij"^% Ego Step^awus Thomas, de la Lye in 
Comitatu Essext^, meum condo tesiamsntum. in hone modum. In 
pnmw, lego ammam meam omnipotent! deo, & beate Marie Virgini, ac 
omnihus Banctiai corpus que meum ad sepeliendum in noua Ela 12 
coram summo altar[i] eccZe^ie dicte ville. Item lego summo altari 
eiusdem ecc?e«ie, xx s'. Item lego ad habendum ynum Ca,j^Uanum 
ydoneum diuina^ in dic^a eccZe^a per vnum annum integrum 
celebratura pro anima mea, Ss animsibus omnium benefactorum 16 
meoTum^ & omniz^m fidelium defuncton^m. Item lego cuili^et 

1 leaf 347. MS. repeats * &vA.* 

' ? ' in ward of Anneya Elyngton^,' like the bed and cushions above. 
> Heuque : Esp^ce de robe ^ I'usage des deux sexes. — ^Rochefort. 
* divine services. 



33 BARLIEST ENQLISH WILLS. 1417-18, STEPHEN THOMAS. 

pauperi, tarn homini quam mulleri, in pred/c^a villa moranti, xij <}. 
It^in lego cuHibet capeZZano ad exequias, & ad missam altam venienti, 
xij d. It^m. lego cl^rico paroclitaZt ecclede predtc^e, xij d. Item 
4 lego cuilib^t clmco ad dec^as exequias & missam veidentem, yj dl. 
ResiduuTTt vero omnium bonomm & catallomm meorum, do & lego 
Matilda, Yxori meo, lacobo Triche Sc lohanni Camp. Ip^os-qua 
Matildam, lacobum & loharanem, facio executores meos, dtc^a bona & 
8 catalla ad disponendt^;7» prout anime mee salubrius sciuerint expedira. 
Item lego vtnque [1 MS. j execw^orwn* meorum prdiUc^orum, xx s\ In 
cuit^ rei testimoniz^Tn^ prasenti^t^ ^ sigillum meum apposed, datt^m 
die, loco & anno prescriptiitf. 

12 Knowe a\\e men, pat .1. Stephyn) Thomas of* y Lee 2, make fus 
mj testament and my laste wyH : ferste, I. be-quethe my saule to gode 
and to oui* lady seynt mary, and to alt ))• Company of* Heuene, and 
my body to be bered were fat god wyli. fordermore syn), f es men) of* 

IQ y Lee .1. make my seketowrs, ferst, lacobbe Tryche, Ion) Campe, 
and my wyff* [&] Thomas Aluowe ; and y pray hem fat fey be weS 
wyllet and forderyng* to here ; and alnso I charge hem ali fat fey do 
for me as fey wolde fat I dede for hem, and as fey woUe answere 

20 to-for god ; and f er-to yt ys my wylle fat euer-echeon) of* hem Scheie 
haue XX s' for her labor & for her besynesse ; and eny gonde fat 
Scheie be solde, yt ys my wyH fat Wyllyam Aluowe haue it, 
passynge eny ofer man, and Thomas hys broder, and jyfe fer-for 

24 lyke as a nof cr man wylt ; and next hem, fat Pole may be a beyer, 
saue Ellys fat y wili fat lacobbe Treche haue be-for aH of er men), so 
fat he vyH jeve as a noder man) wyft ; and it is my wyti fat all f • 
gou(J fat is Reysed, or Ellis, fat it go to f • Lee Cherche, to f * Eyle, 

28 and to^ aH of er nessessarie thynge ; and also it is my wyH fat my 
wyff* Scheie haue f * place fat sche dwelythe in, terme of* her lyff*, 
and aH sayrys* and aH fat euer longethe fat to, durynge her lyf* 
tyme. and 3yf' fat I passe Rather fan sche, it ys my [wyH] fat aH 

32 spengold & ffysscherys & bowdens be sold a-non forthe-wztA ; and 

^ ' To these presents,' as to a Deed. 

' Lee (St. Clement), a parish and sea-port in the hundred of Rochford, co. 
Essex, 17i m. S.E. by S. from Chelmsford. 

' MS. to to. * MS. repeats 'and all sayrys.* 



BARLIKST BNQUSH WILLS. 1417-18, STEPHEN THOMAS. 39 

also it ys my wyH pat p* plaao pat sche dwelythe in, and aH sayres, 
ant aft pat euer longeth per-to, and aB. pat sche Scheie haue, after p* 
sesse ot* her', pat it be 8ol($ and do for ^ owre sawles and for aR owrd 
ffrende. and jyf* pat y passe rather pafi scho, pat it is my wyH pat I 4 
haue a prest syngynge a-non after p* terme of iij jere & more, jyf" je 
may, in p* Cherche of p® Lee. and 3yf* per be eny man or woman 
pat wil say pat I howght hem eny goucJ, and swere vppori) a boke by 
record? of goud men, y wyl pat dey be pay(J. and also it is my wyH 8 
pat euere pore man of p* Lee, & woman, schal haue xij d ; and al-so 
jyf* pat y haue eny goude mysty^ det, it ys my wyti pat heye auter 
haue XX s', and euere preste pat syngethe pat day for me, •!• wyl pat 
euery man of* hem haue xij (J. and I* wyl pat lankyn) clerk* haue 12 
xij d!, and euere clerk* pat syngethe pat day for me In p* cherche 
Yj <}. and also it is my wilt pat Hadley ^ chirche haue xl s', and 
euere pore man of* p* toune iiij dl, and pat p* chirche of Estwode • 
schel haue xiij s' iiij d. and also it ys my wiH pat Larance my 16 
neese, & Annote her suster, haue xl &\ and al-so it is my wyt pat 
lone my Broder schel haue x. marker, and it is my wili pat lorge 
my Cosyn) schel haue oper x* markee ; and euere god-chyld pat y 
haue in the Lee Scheie haue xij d. and also it is my wyli pat Thomas 20 
Alvowe haue .v. marcee, and William Alvowe oper .v. marce^. and 
also I wiH pat Annote Hadley pat es yrith me, haue .xt s'. ; and a& 
the Ostelmente^ schele be sold, and pat aH pat goud and all oper pat 
schulde beleue in ^ot^r Haunde, pat it be do so os maybe moste mede 24 
for hei^ saules // Also pes beth pe dettej pat I howe. xv. li to Eyon), 
to be paid at Esteren next commyng*, for I Howe Him at aH hot 
.XXV. li, and per-of he schele Haue, as I sayde per-a-fore .xv. ti. 
at Esteren next*, and .x. ti. at Esteren come twelmonthe, and pan es 28 
\q bB. paid. And also I Howe to lamys Skynnei* of Bemflet*, 
at Mychaylemesse, for Colys doun — yj. marces, and pan) es he 
all payd. and I Howe to Hopkyn) Crestyndom at London) for 
'Richard Kow — vij s*. vj d ; and also I Howe lohn Campe of the Lee 32 
.xt. s*; and also I Howe to a man of Burdeux xtvj. s*. viij d, 
His name is Peter de Lobered. and also pis es the dett^^ pat 

* leaf 468, back. » mighty, big. ? MS. may he iuysty. 

3 Hadley and Eastwood are both in the hundred of Rochford, Essex. 



40 EARLI1SST BNQLISn WILLS. 1417-19^ STEPHEN THOMAS. 

es Howynge to me : EychardI Haddoke of the Lee .vij. ti to be Paid 
at Esteren, and also Water Burnam an .C. s*. that schuliJ Haue be 
Paid at Esteren ; and William HylbyH .xx. s*. and Her-to I sett* my 
4 Sele, wytnessynge, Stephen) EUys, Thomas Chesse, William EUyof, 
LyteH lohn) Spotefl, "Ridiard Smythyot, and oper gode men I-now./ 
I-wret at Sandwyche, the .vij. day of may, fe Eeynge of Kynge 
Harry J)e .v. ye anno quinto. [1417 a.d.] 

[Codicil, made at Rouen,] 

[A Trental of Masses to be said for his Soul. Beer to be brewd, and 
Loaves bak*t, for the Poor. Gifts to T. Chesse, if Testator dies in his boat ; 
and to a Cousin, of goods in a ship at Southampton.] 

8 IT And also I wili fat my wyH be f ulfiUyd lyk als I ordeynd when) 
I went* from) home, and aH fat es contend in this Codicifl / that es 
to say, my will es, to haue a Trentale of masses 3ef* that I dyd er 
fane I come home / and also I pray 30U fat 30 wald Brewe .x. 

12 buschellys of malt* forto ^ef* pore men of my paryche ; and also that 
je wald bake .vj. buschellys of whete of smale Halpeney Loves, and 
^eie Quere man) and woman) a Love ' and a galon) of ale, als fer als it 
-vdH go. and also I pray 30U and charge 30U in goddes name that 30 

16 gar send a man to the Holy priowr of Brydlyngton) to offer for me, 
and for any thing*, that this way to Bridlington), and the Trentale, be 
do 2 both be-foi* JEstren), 3yf y dye ore y come home, and also y do 
30W to wyt fat yt is my witi fat Thoma* Chesse schel haue me 3yf« 

20 fat y dey in hys bote w/t7^ hym) ; and also fat he schel haue my best 
gowen) of f • kynge* liuere fat is at home at my hous, and my golde 
rynge and my whystell. and also I do 30W to wyt fat yt is my wiH 
fat Thomas Albwe schel haue f e best gowen) next fat is at home after 

24 fat, and a houd. and also y do 30 w wyt fat it is my wiH fat George 
Thomas my Cousyn) schel haue aH f e gude and f * harnesse fat 
y haue att Hampton) in f • chippe, and be-syde ; and f is fat is of" f e 
see with me att* Eoon)' he schel haue, att to-gedyi', saue fat Eychard 

28 Smytheot schel haue my Russet gowenJ fat y wered, and my blac 
houd, and a nold bassenet. More wryt y nogh[t] vnto yow, hot f e 
holy tn'nite kepe 30W now, dere and trusty wyf*. here I make an) 

I Love = loaf. « MS. to. » MS. rubd. 



EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1419 20, JOHN ROaERYSSON. 41 

hende. wer-f or I pray 30 w, as my trust es ^ hely in 30W, oner alle ofew 
creatures, pat this last wili be fulfyllet, and all: odere that I ordeynd 
atte ^home, for aH ])e loue fat euer was be-twen) man) and woman), 
y-wrete atte Roon) fe Sonday next to-fore J* fest of* purificacioun of* 4 
oure laydy. [February 2, 1 1418-19.] 

Probata f uerunt supradictt^m testamen^^m & Codicillum coram 
Magi^^ro lohsinne Estcourt xx"* die Mensis lulij, anno dowwni M* 
CCCC"** xix****. Et comissa est administracio omniiim bonorwwi &c 8 
dictvm. teatamentum & codicill^^m conaemeneium, Matilde relicte & 
Executrici dicti defuncti / lacobo Triche & lohanne Campe, exect^ 
torihua in dtc^o testa7nen/o nomnatt^, administracionem supradic/am 
coram dzc^o domino Comissarzo expresse recusantibi^, ac xxvj^ die 12 
eiusdem Menst^ acquieta fuit, et c*. 



JOHN ROGERYSSON, OF LONDON, 1419-20. 

[Bequests of Bed-clothes, Table-cloths, Gowns, Hoods, Towels, 
Daggers, Bows, Hose, Purses, a Cope, and small Debts.] 

(More, 3 Com. Court of London, If. 50 bk.) 

£. Fynk« T. lohanni^ Eogerysson. non ha^nt acgme^anctam. 

In margin,'] 

THes betti the godes that y, lohu) Eogerysson), leve in a chyste in 
the hous of Roberd? Leget dwellyng in the parysfi of seynt Benet 
Fynk // And fis ys my wylle yf fat y dye, that Anneys Tukkys- 16 
worthe have }>• beste bedbere, and Richard! Gery Y nyxte, and 
Roberd Legat ij payre of scheti>, and to y same Roberd my Blewe 
gowner and my hode of Rede and Blak ; And to Thomas Pykot my 
whit Ray gowne, and my rede Hode ; and to Anneys Tukkysworth 20 
my best bordclothe, and the Towayle ; and Rychard Gery the nexte 
bordclothe And Towayle ; and Robard Legat iij quarters of white, 
and IsabeH hys wyf a bordclotli and a towayle ; and to Wyllyam 
Pertnale, A payre schetw and a red doblet, and a keverlet of Blewe ; 24 

1 MS. as. 2 leaf 369. 



42 EARLIEST ENaLISH WILLS. 1419-20, /OHN B0OEBT6S0N. 

And to Anneys Tukkyswoit^ iiij noblis and the foiseyd Cheste; 
And to Thomas "PerienaE a peyre of shett^, and a daggei', and a Bowe 
wyth-owte -pecia, and a payrd hosen) of grene ; and to Anneys Tukkys- 
4 worth the bestc pmse, and Thomas Pertnale the nyzte, and IsabeH 
Leget the Thridde, and Alson) Okenden) ihe four])*. And alle-so y 
bequethe to f* Church of seynt Benet a cope. And alle-so Wyllyam 
Eote and lohn Skelton) owen) to me xiiij s'. the whiche Symmykyn) 
8 Eyre shsR reseyye of them at Esteme nyxte oomynge ; and y wiii 
fat Eychard Grery reseyve hit of the forseyd Symkyn); and yj s 
viij df of pat mony .1. bequethe to y Churche Clerk* of Seynt Benet; 
& vj s' viij df to lohn) Cley, and viij d for my sowle. and alleso 

12 EobertJ Leget owyifi to me xv s', and alle thyng a-counted by-twene 
vs, of the whiche y forgyf hym vj s' viij d; and )>• remenaunt 
of fat Mony, Y witi hyt be do for my sowle. And alle-so 
Rychard Gery oweth me viij s', and alle thyng a-countec^ by-twene 

16 vs bothe; of the whiche viij s' y be-qweth iiij s* to Thomas 
Pertnale, And iiij s' to Wyllyam Pertnale. And y beqwethe to 
KychardI Gery vj s* viij d, to be payd of that he fyndeth in the 
forseyd Cheste ; And to Anneys Tukkysworth A Sylure Spon) ; and 

20 my Sylvryn) Gyrdyti to Thomas Pertnale ; and to Eobard Leget my 
pesid Bowe^ And the overe-plus of alle thys, y witi hit be dysposed 
for my sowle. And, blessyd be god, y owe no thyng. And y 
Ordeyne ])* forseyd Rychard Gery & Robard Leget mjne executors 

24 to fuH-fiti alle thyngys a-bove wretyn). As they wille [answere] a-fore 
god at })• Dome. And to Thomas Pertnale my dagger* / And alle-so 
y wille that yf Anneys of the Countowr cleyme of me or of my 
executoz^rs a pursse and xx s\ or eny maner good ellys, J>at thenne 

28 y godes in the bille be rekeuered of hei* ; And yf sche make 
no cleyme, Stonde hit for no dette, but on for aruothei*. Probatum 
est hoc testamentum coram nobis lohanne Bodeman clerico, Beuer- 
endo && Commissario generali. Primo die Mensis FebrwanV, Anno 

32 dommi Mille^imo CCCC"*** xix*"**. Et comissa est admiwwtracto 
ommt^m bonon^m & & Executoribtitf in dido testamento interius 
nominatis & &. 



BARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1418, 1420, JOHN BBOUNB. 43 



JOHN BROUNE, OF HEN. V/S CHAMBER, AND OF 
FULHAM,.MIDDX., 1418. (Pbootd, 1420.) 

[Wife to be in care of her Father and Mother. They to live in 
his place at Hardington, Somerset, or out of its rents. Sister to be 
provided for. Debts and Bonds to be lookt to.] 

[Will made at Rouen, The earliest in the 3rd Person,] 

A Latin will of Jn. Broun«, made 4 May, 1417, and a * Godicillus * or 
' vltima voluntas * of the same date, are on leaf 73, before the English will.] 

(More, 3 Com. Court of London, If. 78 bk.) 

This ys the appoyntement of the wil and gouemauns of lolin 
Broune, of y chambre of cure lorcJ the kyng*, made the ix day of 
October, the vj yere of his regne. [a.d. 1418 ] 

In the ferste, he wUle that his wif be in the gouemauns of here 4 
fadir and here moder, vnto the tyme of his commyng horn in to 
Englond. 

Also he witi: that she haue the money p&t is leised in Lyncolne 
Shire be his patent, to fynde hir with. 8 

Also he wiH that EichardI his brother haue his place at 
Herdyngton)^ yn gouemauns, and fynde his fadir, and his modir, 
and his sister, with the profi.t3 of the place, as ferre as they wille 
strecche, vnto the tyme of the commyng< of the forsaid lohn) Broun. 12 
And that lohn) Brond? see the reckenyng* atte yere Inde. 

Also he wifi that, 3if it like to his fadir and to his moder, to be 
atte Hardyngtoil, and see the husbandery, and occupie hym ]>er as 
long* as them lest for fere owne Ese and disport. 16 

Also he wiH, }>at ^if it like not his fadir forto be ])ere, or ellys 
whan quan hem lest to remove J^ens, That thanne ^ei be in sum place 
nerhande holichyrche, y whiche is an honest place to seme god yfl, 
and there forto abide, and be goueme<$ & foundyn) with the proffittes 20 
of his place, as is before seid. 

1 Hardington, Somersetshire, 8 miles from YeoviL ffardington, Somers 
N.W. of Frome Selwood. — ^Walker's QaaeUer, 1801. But the quan, qwiche^ of 
the Will are Midland. 



44 EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1418, 1420, JOHN BROUNB. 

Also he wili that Elene his Suster be put in sum honest place, 

and also be founde of the place be-fore sei<}, vnto the tyme of 

commynge of the forseic^ lohii), or elle^ [MS. eli] pat she be maried. 

4 Also he wiH that lohn) Fray be payd .xv ti. of pe money y qweche 

Oliuer hath in his hand, be ])e handys of lohu) Brond. 

Also he wiH that the money ^e qwiche is resseyued of his patent 
in Oxenford Shire be kepid to-gider. 
8 Also he wiH ]yat the xl. ii fai Margrete Stransmia hath, fat it be 
kepid to-gider be y sight of the f orsaidi lohn) Brond, and J^at he haue 
*■ ouarsi^te of aH; manure thynge«. 

Also he wiH J^at the gj [== 80] mark^ y whiche is in Thomas 
12 Harwodes hand, be paid vnto fe forseid lohu) Brond, and also that it 
be put in a bagge, & asselid, and safly kepid. 

Also he wiH that lohu) Spyke be agreed with resonabli for his 
labo2^r and travaille. 
16 Also he wiH fai the obligacions the whiche )»at his wife hath in 
kepyng*, that they be reised be pe aviso of his couTiseiH, with aH ]>e 
remenaz^nt of his dette^, in aH the haste they may be. 

Also he wiH that William TropneH, & lohu) Brond, & Eichard his 

20 brother, be the ouersighte of William Oliuer, ben his executot^rs to 

dispose and ordeyne for his soule In manei' and forme as is com- 

prehendyd In his laste wiL Into witnesse of the which, the forseid 

lohu) Broune hath put his seal. Wrete atte Bone pe yera & pe day 

24 before seid. 

Memorandum quod Probatum fuit testamentum lohannis atte 

Grove de Fulham, coram nobis &c c« Commissarto generali, Quarto, 

JSTon) Marcij, Anno domini W CCCC™» XX"«» Et commissa est 

28 admiTii^tracio &o & Cristine, Eelicte died defuncti, et Thome Atte 

Grove, ExecutonftM* &c c«. 

[In margin ;] Fulham. T lohannis at Grove, ha^ent acguta^an- 
ciam. 



BARLIB8T BNOLISH WILLS. 1420, THOMAS BATHJB. 45 



THOMAS BATHE, OF BRISTOL, 1420. 

[Gifts of Plate, &c : a silver Beaker with a knob enameld blue ; a 
silver-studded Girdle ; silver Spoons with Acorn tops ; silver Spice-dish ; 
wooden Mazer with a silver band, a Print in the middle, and a Griffin in 
it. Also, brass Pots and Pans, gold Rings, Andirons, pewter vessels; 
Cushions and Hangings ; a Chalice ; Curtains ; Shearings and Wool. A 
Mazer bound with silver gilt, and a print of Jesus in the middle.] 

(March, If. 408.) 
Testatn^/tem lohannis Bathe. [In margin.'] 

In del nomine Amen, die Sabati in festo sancti Albani Maitirt9, 
[June 22] Anno dom/ni Mille«imo CCCC™» xx™*, Ego, lohannes 
Bathe, burgen^w ville Bristolhe, compos mentis, condo i^atamentum. 

meum in hnnc modum. [A page of bequests, ^c. in LcUin follows, 4 
with the appointment of John Bourghutt and John Austyii) of Bristol 
as executors : then, on leaf 428, back, the English Will :] 

Thys endentwre makytli mencaon of ^f* goodes fat I, lofen Bathe 
of Bristow, jyve to sertayn personis : fryst, I ^ewe to lofin Forster my 
godsonne a becure of seluer y-keuery(J, fat weyytfi xxv ot^nsus 
I quarts, & y cnap of y coucrcle ys an-amylyd witA blewe. Also I 8 
^eue to Y forsayd lo^ Forster a gurdill of blake sylke y-linyde wit^ 
rede lether, withl a gcde bokyll & a pendaunt, & in y same pendaunt 
an ymage of seynt Christoive : in y gurdill bey xlvj stodys of seluar. 
Also I ^eve to ])* same loHn Forster halfe a dosyfi off siluer sponys 12 
wiih achamutf' ou6rgul($, fat weyyt& .v. ounsus I qt^art^r and halfe. 
Also I jeve to y forsayd lohn Forster a peyr of auu»dy^^^«', y bes 
fat I haue // Also I jeve to Kateryne Lewys my seruaunt .x ti 
sterlingi^*, and a boUe cuppe I-keueryd of syluar fat weyyth xvj. 16 
ounsus iij qt^rter. Also I jeve to f" same Katerine a becurd of 
seluer I-keueryd, and a branche of f* couercle y-broke away, 

1 J»isfor'y.' 

' acorns on the tops, instead of apostles. The MS. is not quite clear, but the 
word * achamiM ' cums again lower down, L 5, next page here. 
* Andirons. 



46 EABLIBST ENGUSH WILLS. 1420, T^OMAa BATHE. 

pat weyytb xvj ounsus. Also a spyce disshe of seluer, & ouerguld, 
pat wejytfi xj OMUBtcs Ss .1. quATter ; Also halfe a dosen sponys of 
selu^ pat weyyi^ vj oz^nsz^ I qu&vter & balfe ; Also a boUe pece pat 
4 weyytH vij ouunsi/^ & halfe, and balfe a quarter ; Also a notber bolle 
pece pat weyyi^ vj ounaua & balfe a qm,Tter ; Also .1. bord mausure 
with a bond of seliwr, & ouerguldl, wytfi a prent in f* myddylle, and a 
grypp^ amyde, and a narow plat be p* syddys, with iij. lyonis of 
8 syluer, and ouerguld. Also a gurdyll of J)* old werke of seluer, 
& ouerguld, with a bocull and a pendaunt and xxxiij' stodys of syluer 
and ouerguld. Also I jeve to )>• same Kateryne aneyuer^ gurdil of 
selke, of blake and grene and rede, with a bocull and a pendaunt, & 

12 a cbeyne in p^ pendant, with a cnapp; & in p^ gurdill bey xxiij 
stodys, & all of seluer. Also I jeve to f* same Kateryne iij* gode 
brasyn) pottes, Also iiij* gode pannis. Also iij* basc[i]niw, p* best pat 
I baue, wiiJi ij* lauen^^. Also 'iiij* gode golde rynges. Also ij 

16 pankyns & a posnet of a poteH, also a posnet of a potett, and a posnet 
of a quarte. Also a peyr of Aundyn^^, & ij* )>• best of yren) brocbes, 
& a cbafur, Also a dosen) of peutre vessett performyd^, Also iiij* 
candelstykkys of laton) of J)' best. Also I ^eve to tbe forsad 

20 Kateryne al my bankerz^ & my quyssonw^, and a dosur of tamsery 
werke witA and bert in ]»• myddylL Also I jeve to William Eodeley 
a stondyng cuppe of seluer y-clepyd a cbales cuppe, wit^ j)® couercle 
& my merke y-made in J)* cnappe, pat weyytb xvij ounsics & halfe 

24 qwarter. Also to p* sam William, a tasto?«r of seluer wiiJi myn owno 
merke ymade in J)' bottom ; Also halfe a dosen sponys of seluer with 
ajdhajnus ouerguld, pat weyyth v. ownsus I qt^arter & halfe. Also I 
jeve to f* sam William a heme pat y weye per-with, and ij leuys, also 

28 i\j.^ of ledyn) wy^tis. Also I 3eue to Kateryne Lewys my seruawnt 
iij. Curteynis of blew, })• best pat I baue to hang a-bout a bede ; Item 
I petit brase morter, I pesteH de ferro. Item dimidium p^ zieren* and 
wolle that is in this house ]>• day of bis^ dying, and all p^ clotfi 

1 vulture or griffin. 

» Is this for * anojjer/ * a newer,* or what ? The MS. is clear, tho * n * may bo 
* a *, and * ner * may be * ne.' 

8 ? all told, properly reckond. * ? shearings. 

> t Manuscript. I suppoze the Testator must have been a dothmaker of the 
West, like Chaucer's Wife of Bath. 



EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1420, JOHN OLNBT. 47 

whyte &c fat is redy within y hous att tyme of ))• makyng of thys. 
Item I maserum ligatt^TTi cum argento & deauratuTTi, Ss I prmte^ de 
Ihe^u in medio; lohanni Grouch, I cipliv^m argentt precii x s., & 
dimidium dcmine cochlianz^m argentt de medio specie. Item I A 
Cistam, ex delibcractone d^c/e Katerine .xxix"*** die Mensw Octobris, 
anno domni M** CCCC"" xvj™*, Acquietatt fucrunt executorea 
infrascnpti. [the end.] 



JOHN OLNET, OF WESTON, 1420. (Proovd, 1422.) 

[Best Beast given as an oftenng to Weston Church. £3 each to the 
4 Orders of Friars in Northampton and Bedford, to say 30 Trentals of 
Masses. Bedding, &c. to 5 poor men. Gifts to Friars, Priests, and a 
Northampton Anchoress, to pray for Testator. Residue to Wife, for 
Testator^s children and hers.] 

(March, leaf 433, quire 55.) 

Testamentum lohanww Olney. [In margin.'] ' 

Tn the name off gode yn ^y jer off oure lord -a M* CCCC. & xx* 8 
■*- the xj* day of May, I, loha^tnes Olney of Weston), sone and heire 
to lohn Olney of Weston) Vnderwode, make my testament in this 
wysse : Atte y begynnynge I bequeth my soule into the mercy off 
mythfufl Ihe^fu, prahyng*^ hym, for his precious passioun, that he 12 
lesseyue me yn-to f" brode bosum off his mercy; prahyng forther- 
more to his moder, hour lady Seynt Mary, moder off mercy, to seynt 
lohn Euai^ngelist, seynt lohn Baptist, and to haH seyntes off heuene, 
pat they be menej for me, and helpers to me att my most nede. 16 
And I bequet^ my body to be beryed yn the chapele off owr lady 
yn the chyrch off seynt Nicholas off Weston), and my beste best in 
the name off pnwcipale*; and y bequeth to the 'iiij. orderj off Frer^* 
off Northawmpton), and to ))' frere^ off Bedeffordf, to hech off \>ea 20 
houses iij* ti' so pat f* wardeyn and j)' Couente, or the prioure and y 

* ? MS. prince. ^ |> is for * y ' all thro. 

* A is also put before our, all, ech, kc. ^ offering, payment. 



48 BABLIlflST BNGLiaH WILLS. 1420, JOHN OLNET. 

couent off eu^y off this houses giaunteyii) for to seyn xx treutale^* off 
messe}* for my soule, for my faders soule, my modern soule, lehannej 
soole, and for att y saules that my& entent ys to pray for, and for att 
4 criatien^ saules. And y pray myn executours pat they, or on off hem, 
se ])at they take this charge on heme, and I bequeth to y poure men 
fat neden Beddyng* in the countrey nexst aboute, to eu^ry off heme 
.1 couerlete* I wytele, & I chete* & xij* (J* off siluer, preyng for my 
8 soule, and for y soule^ be-forsaide. And I* bequeth to lohan 
Marchid}, Hichar Genfeld, Thomas Richemonc), & to Robert Burton, 
ffrere)* to ech off hem xx. solid/, Prehyng hem, as my trist ys in 
heme, of her continuele preyot^r for my soule, & for the soules pat 

12 myn entente ys that they pray fore. & I bequeth^ to lohan Bataile 
prest, to lohan Brasiere prest, to the ankerisse off Northaumpton), to 
eche of heme, vj s* viij dl. & I bequeth to euery prest wit/^-yn iij 
myle, nout auansyndl, *xij* <$* My executot^rs to p^orme pia my 

16 testament, I ordeyne Mariorie my wyfe, ))• persofi off Broughtoil & 
lohan Hukyns. - the remenant off aH my goddes nouth bequet^, I 
jeue & bequeth to Mariorie my wyfe, sche to dispose for her children 
& for myna as sche thynkyth best • ffullych dischargynge here what so 

20 euere sche do wyht any good that myn ys • orwis prahyng here, off 
hei' ffre wiH to me-warde as for my most tristy f rende. 

Probatum fuit pre^ens iGsiainentum coram nobu, lohanne 
Estcourt, commissano &&, S6C2^ndo die Mensiff Decembri9, Anno 

24 domini Mille^tmo GCCC^ xxij^; et oommissa fuit administracto 
omnium bonorunt lohanni Hukyns, executor! in dtc^o teatamento 
nominate &&, prestito pn'mitt^^ &c*. de-inde sexto die eiusdem mensi» 
Anno domtni vt supra, acquietatii^ fuit dic^s executor, & soluit pro 

28 probactone & fine, xt solido^. 

^ MS. repeats 'and I bequeth.' 

[ Weston Underwood is 2 miles W. of Olney, in Newport Hundred, co. 
Bucks. 

John Olney the father bought lands in Weston, an. 4 Rich. II, and 
died 21 March, 1395. There is a brass to him in Weston Church. 

BroughUm (1. 16, above) is in Newport Hundred, Bucks. — J. H. R] 



BAELIE8T ENGLISH WILLS. 1422, LADY PBBYNB CLANBOWB. 49 



LADY PERYNE CLANBOWE, 1422. 

[Burial to be simple. Debts to be paid. 200 poor men to be clad. 
£10 for mending Bridges and bad Roads. Gifts of slate Basin and Ewer, 
silver Chargers, &c. ; Mass-Book, Vestment, and Chalices; a Girdle of Pearls, 
money, f urrd Gown, coral Beads ; " a booke of Englyssh, cleped * Pore 
Caytife ' ; " Gowns, and Silver-gilt cups ; silver Cup with the scripture of 
St. John. Gifts to Yasor Church ; and to Testatrix^s Priest, 4 quires of 
Doctors on St. Matthew. Residue : half to poor Tenants ; half to good 
needy men.] 

(March, 11 429 back.) 

Testamentum DominQ Peryne Clanbowe. [In margin,'] 

TN the name of ^)>* fadei* and of the son And of y Holygost, 

-^ Amen. The thridde day of Aprill In y 301 off our lorcJ W CCCC 

xxij •!• Peryne Clanbowe, beyng in good memory, thenkyng on my 

laste ende, hauyng gode in forsygfit, I haue maad and ordened this my 4 

present testament and my last "wyHe in J)* forme J>at folowetfi. First 

I bequetfi and commend my saule to gode my maker* and my 

sauyour, and to hys blyssyd moder* gloriouse Vyrgyn), And to aU 

saintes, and my body to be beryed at Jasore,^ be my lord my 8 

housbond, If I* dye in Hertfordshire,^ and ellis where pat gode hatfi 

ordeined for me, And as son as yt may be don godly after pat I hame 

dede, porelycfi to be beryed, with-oute gret cost doon thervppoii. 

Also I wiH And ordeine pat aH my dettes pat mowe be prowede be 12 

good conscience due, pat they be principaly payde in aH f® hast pat 

it may be.* Also I bequetfi, to cloth wytfi ij*'* poormen, xx* tl Also 

I bequetfe to amende brygges and foule wayes x* ti. Also I bequeth 

to sir Robert of Whitney, my brother, a flate basyn and an ewer, and 16 

vj disshes, vj saucers, and ij chargours of seluer. Also I bequetR to 

])* same Eobert a westment of rede clotfi of gold with my massbooke 

and Chalys : The wych vesseti, vestement, massbooke, and chalys 

aforseyd, to ]»• forsaide Roberd bequethen, I wole pat [he] haue hem 20 

^ )> 18 for *y.' 2 Yasor is in Herefordshire, 5 miles S. of Weobly. 

^ That is, Herefordshire. * ? MS. mayle. 

B. B. WILLS. Ei 



60 BABLIBBT BNOLI8H WILUI. 1428, LADT FEBTNB CLANBOWE. 

ypofi this condicton, ^at he be good frend to my executoz^rs, and pat 
he lete hem note off ^linistracton off myn other goode on the Manere 
of Pychardisokett ne elles where. Also I bequeth to myn Aunte, 
4 pnoresse of Lynebroke, xl s'. Also I bequeth to myn Awnte Corbet, 
xl s*. Also I bequeth to sir Ion Skydmore,^ my newewe, a girdeH of 
peerles. Also I bequeth to lane myn nece, to her manage, or when 
sche is of age, xx li. Also I bequeth to Peryne her suster, my god 
8 doutghter in ]>* same forme, x li ; and if it so be pat p* forsaic) lane 
and Peryne dye be-for pat thay come to age, or ellys mariecJ, then I 
wifl pat J)* mony of either of hem so deede, turn to p^ vse of her 
susters ouerlyuyng in p^ same fourme. and if all p^ susters dye ar they 

12 come to age or be maryed, pat then f* mony tourn to J)* vse of her 
bretheren ouerlyuyng. And if all p* bretheryn die withrln age of 
xirj* 3eere, then ))• mony be disposed in Almasdeddes be my 
executoMrs. Also I be^ueeth to lankyn Myles my seruaunt, xxti*/, 

16 and myn eche dales gowne of marterount Also I bequeth to 8ir 
lohan Coyle, I pare bedes of coraH. Also I bequeth to Elizabeth 
loye "x* ti* and a booke of Englyssh, cleped "pore caytife," and 
I gown furred with gret menyvere. Also I bequeth to lonet 

20 Okboum *x marc and my sautei' helid w^t^ blake, and a gown 
furred w»t^ Cristy gray. Also I bequeth to lohn Huchecoke, y 
marc*. Also I bequeth to lanky fi Tailour, y marc. ^Also I bequeth 
to Dauid Morys, xl s*. Also I bequeth to lohn Hergest, xl s*. Also 

24 I bequeth to Luysote xl s*. Also I bequeth to the wyffe of lankyn) 
Miles a gown furred with Besshe. Also I bequeth to "Dauid Cradoke 
xiij s' iiij d. Also I bequeth to lames and to his wyfe x s'. Also I 
bequeth to J)* chirch of Jasore, fore my lord and his auncetres, to 

28 serue in p^ chirch, a peire vestimentw of blake, wherof )>• same Chirch 
hath ))• cope. Also I bequeth to what thenge pat is most necessary 
in p* same Chirch, v. marc. Also I bequeth to lonet Knolles a 
stondyng cuppe of siluer gilte couered. Also I bequeth to Thomas 

32 Knolles Ji* jonggei^ a cuppe of siluer gilt couered. Also I bequeth to 
lohn Thomas a cuppe of silue?' playn. witA p® scripture of seynt Ion. 

1 Either Sir John Scudamore of Kentchurch, Herefordshire (who married tlie 
daughter of Owen Glendowr), living temp. H. IV., or his son and namesake. — 
H. Round. ^ leaf 430. 



EARLIEST EXQLISH WILLS. 1422, LADT PERYNE CLANBOWE. 51 

Also I bequetfi to two prestes, honest men and good lines, and ellys 
not, to do diuine seniise for my lor(J and me* for on jer anoon After 
my decees, resonable lyuelode after J)® discreciown of myn executours. 
Also I bequetfi to sir Reynold, my prest, iiij* quayres of Doctowrs on 4 
Mathewe. The Residue for soth of aH my goodes in this my 
testament not bequethen, I jeue and bequethe to myn executoi^rs, be 
her discreczon to be disposyde, that oon halfe to my pore tenawntz, 
and )7at other halfe to god men faithfuH and nedy fai ben in disese. 8 
And to y execucton of this my testament and my last witi to 
be fulfilled, I ordeyn my trusty frendes, Tankyn) Miles, Thomas 
Knolles aforsaid, Elizabeth loy, lonet Okborne, and lohn Tailowr, 
myne executowrs be thees p^'esentes, that they witi do her besynesse 12 
to fulfyti goddes witi and myne, as they woti aunsuer afor gode. 
also I bequeth to ich of myn) executot^rs takyng charge of ministracion 
of this my testament, v. marc*, and reward for her costages whan they 
labowr specially for my maters. Into wyt^essyng of which thyng, to 16 
this my present testament I haue put to my seeti : 3euen at Londoi^, 
day, moneth, and ^er, aforsayd. 

Probatum fuit pr<?sens testamew^m coram Tilagistro lohanne 
Estcourt & c, xviij** die Mensw Nouembrts, Anno dommi Mille^imo 20 
xxij*° &C, et commissa fuit admiwistracio lohawwi Miles, Elizabethe 
loy, lohawne Okbowme et lohanne Tailowr, Qxecutoribus && 
Rese^niata po^estate & &, et ha&ent ad exhibendwn Inuentan'wm : ac 
secundo die Mensw Decembris Anno dommi supradic^o, acquietat* 24 
fuerunt executores supradicti, & soluerunt pro fine iiij°' nohilia. 



The pore Gaytife (p. 50, 1. 18) is a collection of religious tracts against abuses 
in the Romish Church, known by this common title, and formerly attributed to 
Wycliffe, tho wrongly, by Bp. Bale and others. On the authorship of it, see 
Shirley's Introduction to FasdcuU Zimniorum^ p. xiii, note 3. MSS. of it are 
Harleian 2335, -6, -9, &c., &c. ; and part of it is in Douce 322, leaf 100. 



U 2 



52 EARLIEST ENGUSH WILLS. 1420, BIB ROGER SALWAYS7. 



SIR ROGER SALWATN, KNIGHT, OF YORK, 1420. 

[To be buried in the Grey Friars at York, with a flat marble stone 
over him. Gifts to the 4 Orders of Friars in York. All houshold goods 
and £500 to Wife. £400 for land for Son. Marriage portions for 
Daughters. Debts to be paid out of rents. Poor Tenants to be let off. A 
pilgrim to be sent to Jerusalem, at not more than £100. Gifts of Money 
and Horses to Relativs and Friends. Old Servants to be rewarded. Gifts 
of Armour. Money to Nun who nursd Testator in sickness. 40«. 
Annuity to a man. Furd garments to be sold for Testator's soul.] 

(March, P. P. C, If. 437 back.) 

Testamentum Rogeri Saluayn, militw. [In margin,] 

In the name off gode, I, sir Roger Salwayn, Knygtfi, ^y xxvj* day 
off October in the yer off our lorc^ M^ CCCC xx* makys my 
testament in this maner 'ffirst, I wyte my soule to gode almythty, to 
4 our lady seynt Mary, and to bB. y seinttes of hewin, and my bones 
to hen beriede in y grey frerres atte Jorke. Also I* wiH* that ther 
where my bones shaH: be beryde, be a flate ston off marbiH, ewyn with 
the grouTwie. Also I wili fat Jj* forsaid freres haue att my gownes off 
8 cloth off golcJ and off sylke, wz't/i-outyn f' ffurres. Also I wiH fat f® 
same frers haue xl* h* for to synge and pray for me. Also I will pat 
ilkon off y other thre ordirs in Jorke haue x marc Also I wiH fat 
my wyffe haue aH my housholde holy, with v®l ti that is in hir 
12 handes. Also I will fat ther be ordeine for byynge off londe for 
lohn Salwayn my son, CCCC ti ; Also for f ® mariage off Alison my 
doughtir, CCCC marc ; Also for f * mariage off IsabeH my doughtir, 
CCC marc. Also I wili fat my fader dettis, and my moders, be paide 
16 off my goodej that is in the CoUlors ^ or in f* fermors handes off my 
rent; and if any tenawnt be so pouer that he may nought, for 
pouertee, pay his ferme that is owing, I wiH fat ther be nought 
reseyued off hym, but fat he may resonably pay, and fat f® 

* f is for ' y ' all thru. * Collectors. Fr. meilUrf to cull, collect. 



EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1420, SIB ROGER BALWATN. 53 

remenaz^nt be for-jeffyfi. Also I witi pat som goode man be 
ordeine to goo for me to Iherusalem in pilgremage, and as far as is 
cost is lese than C ti in commyng and goyng, pat hit be jewyn) for 
my sonle to poure men whei most^ allmose is. Also I wiH pat 4 
Eichard Chace haue y marci off monee, and a bay hors pat was 
Gerard my son ; William Lister xxti. Thomas Fairchild xl marc*, 
Acris Mersk 'xx* ti ; litiH Petir, liarcJ ^ Manley and x' marc», and pat 
Acris Mersk haue )>• grey geldyng; Gerard and lohn my brethir, 8 
Hard ^ botiller, and a sorede ^ horse pat was bought off Henuden, and 
pat Edward my brethir chese. Also I wuti pat Gerard my brodir 
haue xl- K, and Thomas my brothir a place in Duffelde,* termyn off 
his Hue, pat I purchesede off lohn Fulthorpe; and after the desese 12 
off hym, to turn agayn to f* reght haiers off me. Also I wiH pat sir 
Eobert Shottesbroke,^ knynght, haue J)® sorde hors ; and HtiH Hans 
J)® hoby,* and xl 's*' aboven his hir. Also I witt that Frost Mores 
and lititi: Eobyfi, ilkon off them, haue xl s'. Also I wiH pat 16 
Pomfretth,^ skynner, of 3orke, be paied of v. or vj* ti, whedir pat hit 
be, for furres pat my lady my moder knowes off. Also I will pat 
WilHam Tropmeti, taillowr, of London), and Hunt, brouderere, be 
paied of their billes for makyng off^a Huerey of myfi. Also I witi pat 20 
Henry Lound haue a blake goun furred v* funes,® and a habirgown 
of Mylen, opyn be-for, pat Eichard Steti haues in hys kepyng. Also 
I* win pat ^iff any Bemauat of myn haue labord for me in my 
countree sen my fader died, pat they be resonably rewardid aftir the 24 
s^ruice pat they haue do&. Also ^if any man can aske any date off 
me, other be euidence, or pat they be credibiH pcrsones, I wiH pat 
they be paied. Also I will that Elyfi Saluayn, my brothir Gerard 
doughtir, haue xl. marc*' for hir manage. Also I wiH pat Gerard my 28 
brothir haue a newe fure of martirs,® and I* habirgOMn^^ of millon). 

1 ? most nede of. ' grey. ' sorrel, red i?oftn ? 

* ? Duffield on the Derwent, N. of Derby.— Walker's Gazeieer, 1801, 

* ? MS. Shoccesbroke. 

* a small horse : ' the hobble of Ireland ' is among Harrison's ' outlandish 
horses.' Part H, p. 6 of my edn. New Shakspere Soc. 

' ? MS. Pomsrecch. 

B I with fanes, trimd witii ' foynes," or martin skins. See Fouinne in 
Cotgrave. • See p. 36, above. 

^ ' The Habergeon was a smaller and lighter coat of mail or plate than the 



54 BARUE8T BN0LI8H WILLS. 1420, SIR ROGER SALWATN. 

Also I witi pat lohan my brothir haue I liabiTg02m of Gesserafi.i 
Also I wiH pat ]>• Nonne pat kepid me in my seknes haue ij nobl^^, 
and pat ther be jif in-to the hous pat she wonnes in, "xx* s** for to 
4 syng and pray for me. Also I wiH pat Thomas Faarchildf haue as 
mych monee as he may purches hym 'xl s*. be jer. Also T will pat 
aH ])* ffurrurs pat I haue, be sould and doon for my saule. Also I 
witi pat Chace haue a habirion of myn^. executors of* my testament, I 
8 witi and ordeine Piers de la Hay, Gerard Saluayu), Robert Rodeston), 
sir Nichol Dixson, Clerk, Robert Cawode, Robert Day, Richard 
Chace, and Thomas Fairchild, to whom I ^iff and wit ])* residue of 
ati p* good and cateti pat I haue, pat they ordeine and dispose hit in 

12 sich wys as may be most meritory for my soule, as they witi aunswere 
be-for gode on dredfuU day of doom. ^And the surveiors of my 
testament, I witi and ordeine William Kylwolmerssfi, Gierke, and my 
wyfe; wyttnessyng William Philipe Chiualer, Richard Wodevitt, 

16 William Lister, and other. Also I witi pat William Lister haue as 
mych of monee as the sorde hors is worth, pat Shottesbroke haues. 

ProbatuTn fuit presens testanientum. coram Magi^o lohanne 
Estcourt, commiBsarw &c*, septimo die mensw Marcij, Anno domini 

20 MilZe^imo CCCC"* xxij*" &c* j & Commissa fuit admiwtstracio omnium 
bonon^m dicti defuncti, Ricarc^o Chace & Thome Faarchyld, exec2^ 
toribaa in ddcto testamerito nomi7?atis; et ha&ent ad exht^ndz^m 
Inuentartum citra festum pentecosti proximum iam futurum. 

Hauberk, and was sometimes worn under that : see Chaucer's Sir Thopas. It 
had sleeves in Wace's time, as he tells us that Bp. Odo's haubergeon at the Battle 
of Hastings was loose in the body, and tight in the sleeves. 1876. Pla iche, 
Cycl, of Costume, i. 236. 

^ A light flexible piece of armour ' composed of small overlapping pieces of 
steel, fastened by one edge upon canvas, which was covered with cloth, silk, or 
velvet, the gilt heads of the rivets that secured the plates forming an ornament 
on the outside. It was used for cuisses, brassarts, and other portions of har- 
ness ; but very generally in the 14th and 15th centuries [and no doubt in the 
Will abuv] for jackets.* 1876. Pknch^, Cyd. of Costume, i 313. (See the 
woodcuts of two Jazerant Jackets on p. 814.) 

s leaf 438. 

[This ends the English Wills in Register * March.*] 



BARLIEgT ENOUSH WILLS. 1424, ROQER FLORB, OR FLOWER. 55 



EOGER FLORE (OR FLOWER), ESQ., OF LONDON, 
AND OAKHAM, RUTLANDSHIRE, 1424-5. 

[Son Thomas to have all silver plate and household goods in Testator *s 
Inn at London, and some at Oakham, with Towels, Cup, Pots, <bc. : also 
Carts, Ploughs, Horses & Gear. A large Maser to be an heirloom. Other 
plate, &c, to heir and sons Robert, Roger, and John, and daughters Anneys 
and Joan. Wife Cecile to have the rest of silver plate and some other goods ; 
residue to heir. Corn, malt, and live stock to go to purposes of the will. 
Milch Cows, half to Wife, ha. to heir. Best ambling Horse to Wife; 
next to son-in-law Sir H. Plesyngton ; next to son Thomas: other riding 
horses to Wife and son Thomas. Furrd gowns among Children ; other 
clothes among Servants. Armour to sons Robert and Thomas. Executors 
to keep children's money. Gold Rings, <kc. to women relativs. Beads, 
&c. to the Master of Manton. Money to old Servants. Aucht roof of 
Oakham steeple to be built. Portas, or portable Breviary, to son Thomas. 
For Will of Realty see p. 59.] 

(Luffenam, leaf 69.) 

TwiaTnentum Eogeri Flore. \In margin.'] 

Tn dei nomine Amen. Ego, Rogeras Flore, miser et indignns, de 
•^ Okeham, compos mentis, laudetwr altissimus, xv* die Aprilis, 
Anno domini Milleamo cccc"® xxiiij***, condo testamentum meum in 
hunc modum. \A leaf and 3 quarters of Latin testament foUowSy toith 4 
appointment of Executors, on leaf 69 hack, oa follows: — ] 

" Et ad istam eiecuctonem bene et fideliter faciendam, ordino et 
constituo lohannem Clerk de Wyssenden, 'SjdAulphwai Humberstone 
de leice^na, Ricarc^wm Hawey, Magw^rwm cantarie de MantoiX, h 8 
WilleZmum Baxtir, custodem Hospitalitatis de Okeham, Executoiea 
meos, ad disponendt^m <ft exequendi^m testamentnm meum & 
Yoluntatem meam predictor, cum superuisione Henrici Plesyntoft 
miHtis, prout velint coram summo ludice respondere" 12 

Codicillus eiusdem RogerL \In margin.] 
[I. Testament of the Personalty.] 

IN pe name of almyghty god, fader and sofl and holy gost, Amen. 
I, Roger Flore of Okeham ^ declare my last wiH in J>is bille, als 

1 Oakharriy a parish and market-town, in the soke of Oakham, comity of 
Rutland, of which it is the chief town, 96 miles N.N. W. from London.— X^tMc 



56 EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1424, ROGER FLORE, OR FLOWER. 

weH of my testament as of my land j^at standej in fe£re3 ^ handes. 
First I wille J?at my testament be, witfi tlie grace of god, f ulfillecJ ; 
and as toaching my hoasholde, my wille is, fai Thomas my sone haue 
4 att my seluare vesseti ])at I haue atte London, ]>at is to sey, a hasyn 
and an Ewei* of syluere, too gilt peces flat couered, too peces of 
siluere whit^ lowe feet, fe oone couered? with gilt brerdes, and fre 
goblettes of syluere, oone couered, and a poteH pot of syluere, and a 
8 syluere salei', and a doseyn spones of too suites, and foui' chargeours, 
six disches, and six saucers of siluere merkid with a sink foil vnder 
]>e brerde^. Also I wul he haue al myn other houshoold pat I haue 
atte Londefi, except my bed of Tapistree, fe which I wuH my 

12 welbeloved wife CecOe haue; fe which houshold is in myn In, in 
keping of my BervLount Eolleston by bille endented, of which pe oone 
bille is in my trussing 'cofei'. I wol also my sayd sone Thomas haue 
my paled bed of wursted, white and rede, with fe costers pe which 

16 seruen for my chambre I lye Inne atte Okeham, and a rede bed of 
wursted with Je costers the which hengen in Je newe chamber^ next 
my chamber^; and I wuti he haue to pe oone bed a peyre fustyans, 
and to pe oJ)er a peyre blankettw, and to ilk of pe too beddw too peyre 

20 schetys goode, and a matras and a canvas ; and I wuH he haue oon 
f etherbed ; and I wuH he haue too seruawntes beddys for pe too said 
chambers. I wuH also he haue too fyne bordeclothes, pe one of 
werk, pe oper playn, with goode sanapes* and wasshyngtowels, hope 

24 for befoi* mete and after*. Also I wuH he haue my masei* of a vine 
rote^ the which was my f aders, and pe peces of syluere made in pe 
bopum like p^les, and too pottis of bras, and too pannes, and too 
spytes, and a peyre rakkes of yryne, and to brandemes, and to doseyn 

28 of pewter vessel!, and too cors bordclopes, and too peire cors sanapes, 
and pre candelstykes of laton. Also I wuH he haue my cartes and 
my plowes, and idft my hors pat longen to hem, whith aH her* gere. 
also I wufi he haue my grete masei* pe which I calle ^ele^, for pe 

32 terme of his life, and so from heii* to heyi* lome : and no man merueH 

^ The final ' j * is generally a contraction for es, so that ' feffe^ * may be 
'feflfees'"; bat as both 'brerdes* and 'brerdej* are uzed for the same thing" 
below, ' ) * had better be read ' z * here. ' feffes ' is on p. 60, as well as * I'effe).' 

« with. » leaf 70. * hand-napkins. » ? Ma jole. 



EARLIEST ENQUSH WILLS. 1424, ROGER FLORE, OR FLOWER. 57 

fogfe I do weH to him, for when almyghty god list to take me oute of 
fis wreched world to his mercy, fan shaH he be left faderles and 
moderles, grauntfaderles and grauntmoderles. And yf hit so befell 
J)at he died, leuyng* me, |)an wuH I fat myn eldest sone fat ou^e- 4 
leueth me haue hit^ I hane be-qweythen my say^ sone Thomas. 
More ouere I wuH fat Kobert my sofi haue my flat couerecJ pece 
whith a sqware pomeil, and an of er flat pece of f e suit fat were my 
faders, (of whos soule god haue mercye,) and six spones of syluere ; 8 
and lames my son f e keuered pece f e which f e p«rsofi of Bereughby 
gaf me, and six spones of syluere ; and Eoger my son f e keuered 
pece of syluer fe which was mayster Eobertw Stoneham, and is 
pounces whith a crane, and six seluere spones ouer fe other keueredf 12 
pece, fe which my lord Le Ware gaf him whan he was cristnedf; 
and lohn) my son a keuerecJ pece and six spones of siluef^ ; and I wul 
fat my saidi son Kobert haue my best gilt pece keuerecJ, and Eoger 
my saidi sone my gilt keuered? goblet fat was Camews. Also I wuH 16 
fat Anneys my doughter haue f e standing pece fat was my faders, 
keuered?, and my gilt pece fat Steneby gaf me, and a quart pot of 
siluei^, and six spones of siluer^, and a basyn and an Ewei^ of siluer^ ; 
and my doughter^ lohn) a keuered? pece of siluer^, f e which f e provest 20 
of Coderstoke gaf me, and six siluer spones ; and I wul fat ilk of my 
said childre haue a bed, fat is to say, couerlide, tapite, blanketti.?, 
too peyre schetes, matras, and canvas. And fan wul I fat my 
welbeloued? wyfe Cecile haue alle f e remenawnt of my syluere vesseH, 24 
pottes, peces, and spones, basyn and Ewer^ of siluere, powderbox and 
salers of siluere, beddyng*, napery and pewter vesseH, brasse spytes, 
rakkes and brandernes of erne ; and aH myn other howsholdf, saf suche 
as longeth to f e gamerye, I wul abyde to myn heyr^. And I wul fat 28 
non of my corn, nor malt, ne quyk catel, be takew for housholcJ, but I 
wul it helpe to fulfulle my testament, saf fat I wul fat my wyf haf 
of my com and malt als myche as hire nedeth, til newe €ome, by * 
delyueraunce of myn Executours, if she wul holde houshol(J. And I 32 
wul my wyf haf half my mylche kye, and myn heyi* f e other^ half. 
And after my principal is taken, I wul my wyf haf my best ambelei*, 
and my sone, sir Herre Plesyngton, wylk him likef best, after^ preying 

' hit = hit fat, what, the property which. 



58 EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1424, ROGER FLORE, OR FLOWER. 

hym to be gode maystre to my children ; and fen wul I pat my soa 
Thomas haf pQ best next ; and pe remenat^nt of my rode horses I wul 
be departycJ betwene my wyfe and my sofi Thomas ; but I wul my 
4 wyf chese first. Also I wul Jjat my gownes for my body, fe whicll 
ben ffurred? whith pelur^, be dalt amongi« my childre, to like after 
here degre and age, so pat Thomas and Anneys haue four' ^of pe best. 
And I wul pat pe remenat^nt of my elopes for my body be dalt 
8 amonges my s^ruawntes, — of pe which I wul that Thomas Campioft 
be pought on — to ilke after peyr degrees. And 'I* wul pat Robert 
my son haue oon of my swerdes, and one of my basilardes hameyseJ 
with silucre, and one of my siluere girdeles. And I wul pat Thomas 

12 my sone haue myn oper siluere girdeti, and myn oper wepen and 
arm^rui^. Also "I* wul pat Thomas my sone haue my termes pat I haf 
of Weatminster in pe personage of Okeham. Also I witt pat pe 
money pe which I haue be-qwepen to my childre to^ putte in sure 

16 keping be myn Executours, so pat pey mowe haue pat is be-qwepen 
hem when pei come to ^eres of discrecion, if pey lif so longe ; and elle 
pat it mowe be disposyd by myn Executours as I haue ordeyned by 
my testament, requirynge my seid Executours, as pey wul onswere to 

20 god, pat pey (for no fauour) put hit but as pey suppose and truste be 
her^ consciens it shal be sure. And I wul pat Anneys Samofi, my 
wyfes raoder, Margeret Spriggy, and Alys Rowele and lonet Hum- 
berstone, Beatrice Swetenham, myn aunte, and my cosin Sithynge, 

24 half ilk of hem a gode goldringe, or a broche of gold, or a good peyi* 
of bedys, for a remembraunce of me. And I wil pe Maistei* of 
Manton haf my pair^ of bedys pat I vse my self, with pe x aues of 
siluere, and a pater noster ouer-gilt, preying him to haue mynde of 

28 me sumtime whan he seith oure lady sawter on hem. Also I wil pat 
lohn Brigg and William Lewes haf, ilke of hem, xl. s*. for here oold 
seruice; and Robert Martfeld 'xiij* s*, iiij di ; and koc kook* a noble, 
and Toume [so] Campion a noble, and if pe voute* of Okeham stepil 

32 be not made in my lif, pe which I haf made couenatmt of with 
Thomas !N'unton, Mason, to gif him .v. mark for pe werkmansshipe, 

» leaf 70 back. « ? read * be.' » Cock, the cook (?). 

* VbuUe : f. a vault or arch ; also, a vaulted or embowed roofe. 1611.— 
Cotgrave. 



EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1424, ROQBR FLORE, OR FLOWER. 59 

(of \>e whicfi I haue paied him a noble on ernest,) I wol f e sam6 
couenat^nt be fulfiUid of my good after my decease as sone as myn 
necbours wul ordeyn for pe stuffe )?at shaH go f er-to, of pe whicfi 
stuffe Richard Oxenden hai]) paied to Fairchild, quarrioury xiij s' and 4 
iiij d for freestone. More-ouer I wuH fat Thomas my son haue my 
portoos, charging him, on my blessing, that he kepe hit, terme of his 
lif, so that god wuH her-aftei' sonde him deuocioil to sey his s^ruice 
]>er'OB>, as I haue dons, ))at ])enne he may haue suclL a good honest 8 
boke of his owne ; and if god ewre ^ him to dye or me, I wul jyanne 
my eldest soil haue it to ]>e same entent. And I pray to f e blessed 
TWnite that of his endles marcye and goodnesse he sende my children 
grace to be gode men and wommen, and to ^elde him gode soules, 12 
))orough pQ helpe and praier of oure lady seint Marye, and of ali ]>e 
seyntes of heune. Amen. 

[II. Win of the Realty.] 

[2 Lincolnshire Manors to Wife for life, while sole; then 1 to son 
Thomas, and 1 to son James, in tail. If Wife marries, her estate to go to 
sons Robert and Thomas. If not, Robert to have Oakham and Masthorpe 
lands for his mother's life, with remainder to son Thomas in tail. Bran- 
toft land to son Roger in tail. Halton lands to son John in tail. Other 
Rutland and Leicestershire lands to son Thomas in tail. Dwelling-place 
to Wife for a year ; then to son Thomas. Feoffees to make these Settle- 
ments by Indentures. Heirs' deeds to be kept in a coffer in Oakham 
Almshouse, and given to each when he's of age. Other children's deeds 
to be copied for the eldest son. Each child under age to have his rents 
for maintenance. Testator's Ward, T. Dale, either to marry Testator's 
daughter Anneys — in which case her portion is to be reduced — or the 
right of his marriage to be sold. 

Codicil. Oct. 1425, p. 63. Son James to hav an Annuity of £5 out 
of Leicestershire land while his mother stays sole ; also part of his brother 
Robert's land, if Robert turns priest ; in which case his brother William is 
to have the estates given to Robert for his mother's life. The whole 
Will and Codicil written by Testator.] 

And moreouar, for als niykyl as at diuerce feffementes J^at I haue 

mad to diuerce men of certeyn part of my lond, to J>e entent )>at fey 16 

shulde do my wylle lyke as in sum wrytynges and condicions vpon 

fe same feffementes it is more pleynly conteyned. And also for als 

* ? ure, destine. Fr. hsur : m. Hap, lucke, fortune, chaunce. — Cotgrave. 
MS. may be * cwre.* 



60 EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1424, ROGER FLORE, OR FLOWER. 

mykel as diuers men haf ioint astate whit me in diuerce of my 
purchace be wey of truste for to fulfylle my wills whan I required 
hem, or declared it to hem, Nowe I declare here my laste wille, als 
4 wel to my saide feflfe^ as to my ioint fefFes : First I wul and ordeyne 
that my ioint feffej of my maners of Stenby ^ and Braceby,^ with here 
appurtenaunces, in Lin[c]olne-shire, suffre my wyfe Cecile haue J>e 
profite3 of feim aH fe while she lyvef sool withoute husbond. And 
8 if she take fe mantel and Jje rynge, and avowe chastite, than wul I 
])at forth-whith my said ioint feffes make her astate, for terme of 
hii* lif, of fe same too lordshipes, vp condicion fat she lyre sool, 
withoute husbond ; the remaindre of fe maner of Steneby, with pe 

12 appw/iienaunces, to Thomas my son and heii*, and to fe heires of his 
body comynge ; and for defaute of heires of his body comynge, to f e 
heires of my body comynge; and for defaut of issu of my body 
comynge, to my right heires. And fe remaindre of J)e said mancr of 

16 Braceby, wij? Je appwrtenat^nces, to lames my sofl, and to J>e heires 
of his body comynge ; and for defaute of heires of his body comynge, 
to pe heires of my body begetyn ; And for defaute of issu of my body 
begetyn, f e remaindre to my right heires. And if my said wif take 

20 hii' an husbond, fanne wul I fat my said ioint feffe^ make astate to 
Robert, my son, of my said maner of Steneby with fe appt/rtenaunce^ 
for terme of his moder lyf Cecile / the remaindre of fe said manere 
whith fe appwrtenawnce^ to my son Thomas, and to the heires of his 

24 body comynge, and so forth, as hit is declared a-fore. And if hit so 
be fat my said wif take f e manteH and f e rynge, avowe chastite as 
hit is said ^before, and fer-vpon haue astate of my said too maners 
for terme of hii* lif, f e remaindre forth as hit is before declared, fan 

28 wul I fat my ioint feffej of my landes and tenementes fat I bought 
of Eichard Oxenden in Okeham, and also fat my ioint fefifej of my 
land and tenemente3 in Mastorpe, And also my ioint feffej of the 
burgate in f e newgate of Okeham, f e which I bought of Richard 

32 Milner^, make astate of f eim to Roberd my son a-fore-said for terme 
of the lyf of his modei^ Cecile; fe remaindre of feim to my son 

' Sferiby is Stainby, near the Leicestershire border; 9 miles South of 

Grantham. — E. Peacock. 

2 Braceby, a village 7 miles East of Grantham.— E. P. * leaf 71. 



EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1424, ROGER FLORE, OR FLOWER. 61 

Thomas and to )>e heires of his body ; and for defaute of issu of his 
body, Jjanne to pe heires of my body ; and for defaute of issu of my 
body, fe remaindre to my right heires, so fat my ful wiH is, fat if my 
said? son Robert haf not Steneby, fat f anne he haf f ese other f inges 4 
as hit is a-fore declared. More-ouere my witt is, fat my ioint feffe3 
of my landes and tenemmtea in Branntoft ^ in Lyndeseye make astate 
of f eim to Roger my son, and to f e heires of his body comynge ; and 
for defaute of [issu of] his body comynge, f e remaindre to my son 8 
Thomas and to f e heires of his body comynge ; and for defaute of 
issu of his body comynge, to f e heires of my body comynge ; and for 
defaute of issu of my body, f anne to my right heires. Also I wul fat 
my ioint fefiFej of my landes and tenementes, whith hei^ appwr- 12 
tenawnces, in Halton in Lyndesey,^ make astate of f eim to lohn my 
son, and to f e heires of his body comynge ; and for defaute of issu of 
his body, f e remaindre to f e heires of my body ; and for defaut of 
issu of my body, forf to my right heires ; so fat my wyli is, fat f e 16 
remaindre of att my landes and tene/w.e?*tes fat I ordeyn to myn other 
children fro myn heii^, abide, for defaute of issu of f eim, to myn eldest 
son and heir fat ouer lyueth hem, and f anne forth as hit is a-fore 
declared!. More-ouer my wyti is fat oB. myn enfeflfej of of er diuerce 20 
of my landes and tenementes in RotelancJ and Leycestre-shire, als wel 
f o fat stande enfeffecJ by me, as f o fat ben ioint feflfecJ with me, make 
astate of f eim to my said son Thomas and to f e heires of his body 
comynge ; And for defaute of issu of his body comynge, f e remaindre 24 
to fe heires of my body; and for defaut of issu of my body, fe 
remaindre to my right heires, saf fat I wul fat myn enfeffe^ of my 
place fat I wone Inne, suifre my wyf wone f er-Inne a ^ere after my 
decesse, if she wiUe, so fat she take no husbond? in f e mene tyme ; 28 
And after fat, I wul fat my said enfeffe^ make astate f erof to my 
said son Thomas, as of f e remenawnt it is a-fore declared. And if hit 
so befelle fat my said son Thomas died to-fore f ise astates afore-said 

* Branntoft. I think this is Bratoft, 5 miles East of Spilsby. — E. Peacock 
' Halton, East, in the East Division of the Wapentake of Yarborough, Parts 
of Lindsey, co. of Lincoln . . 11 m. N. W. from Great Grimsby. HaMon Holgate 
in the East Division of the Soke of Bolingbroke, Parts of Lindsey, co. of 
Lincoln . . IJ m. E.S.E. from Spilsby. Halton West in the N, Division of the 
"Wapentake of Morley, Parts of Lindsey . . 7 m. S. by E. from Settle.— Carlisle, 



62 BARLIBST BNOLISH WILLS. 14S4, ROGBR FLORE, OB FLOWER. 

made, ))eim6 wille I ))at like asiate be made to myn eldest soil ]7at 
panne oo^r-lyuetti him ; and my wille is, ])at alle ])e astates before- 
said be made by dede endente<$, to )>at entent ))at one of )>e dedys 
4 mow be deliuered to him pat ]>e gyf t shal be made to, and pQ oper to 
myn heii', because of pe remaindre. And I wol ])at myn heires 
dedys be kept whi)) ]>e reuienaunt of my dedys in ]>e same cofei' j^at 
my dedys hep kept in nowe, and so delyn^red him to his yse ; And I 
8 wul ])at pe oper parties of pQ dedys endentyd, with pe remenat^nt of 
pe dedys )>at longen to myn oper childre, be put in pe cofr^ J^at 
Thomas Audeby gaf me, in pQ which my seluer vessett is now kept, 
til ilk childe come of age to receyve ]>at longes to him ; And J^at^ last 

12 shal receyue his dedes, I wil ]7at he haf pQ cofre whit-all ; so ))at I wil 
]yat pej haue no lyu^re of Jyeii' dedys til pej come til ^eres of age and 
discrecion to resceyue hem. And if )>ey died or ]>ei came to such age, 
])anne his dedes )>at so died were deliuered to myn heir'. And I 

16 wolde ]7at pQ substanciaH^ dedes of myn oper childre were copied, and 
pe copies put amonge myn heirs dedes for a remembraunce. and if 
it myght godely, I wolde alle pe giftes aforesaid! were done by fyn,^ 
for more suerte, on my cost. And my wil is, pat pise astates be made 

20 al so sone as pei mowe godely after my decesse, and pat my said 
children haue ilk of hem pe proht of paire lande pat I ordeyn hem, 
forthwhith anone after my dirige. And I wul pat pe said cofre that 
myn other children dedes shul be kept in, be kept in pe Almeshouse 

24 of Okeham, vndre pre keyes, too vnder keping of myn Executoura, 
and pe pridde vnder pe keping of an oue?'seer of my testamewt,^ so 
pat pei mow make deliueraunce to my childre of her* dedes, as hit is 
seid before. I write nomore atte pis time, but pat I prey to almyghty 

28 god als entierly as any synful man may *prey, pat of his endeles 
mercy and grace, porough pe preier' of oure lady seint Marye and alle 
pe seintes of heuen, he haf mercy of my synful soule, and bring hit 
to his blis, and gyf myn Executours grace to make good ende of my 

32 testament and wille, and my feffej also of my feffementes. Amen. 

1 pat = who that, he who. * original. 

5 That Fines were to be levied by the * Enfeffej ' in favour of the several 
Devisees. 

* Sir Harry Plesyngton is named as Overseer, in the Latin Testament : see 
p. 65. * leaf 71 back. 



BARLIBST BNOLISH WILLS. I486, ROGER FLORB, OR FLOWBR. 63 

writen witfi myn owne ham} pe xviij. day Aprifi, pe ^eve specefied in 
my said testament And as touching ])e warde and mariage of 
Thomas Dale, my witt is, but if he and my doughter^ Anneys mowe 
acorde by J)e asseynt of hire moder Cecile, elles I wul fat Je warde 4 
and mariage of him be sold to my profit l^ei' hit may be to his 
worshipe. And I wul fat J>e profit, fat comef fer-of, helpe to 
fulfylle my testament and wille, if hit nede be, and elles be don« for 
my soule by myn Executours. And if my said doughter Anneys and 8 
he acorde of mariage, fan wul I gyf hire fe mariage, abatyng for hii' 
C ft that I haf beqwefen hire be my testament, Ix. li^, fe which I wil, 
helpe to fulfilling of my testament and wil, if it nede, and elles be 
done by myn Executotirs for my soule and for alle cristen soules. 12 
And also I wil fat lohn Ondeley haf a coueryd pece of silue;', price 
of xl* s', or elles xl .s' to bie one whith, of my cost, for a remem- 
braunce of me. my wille is also fat my newe vestment fat I made^ 
last, be deliuered to myn Autei^ in fe kyrke, fer to serne and abide 16 
in remembraunce of me while it wul endure, to f e wurshipe of god ; 
and Ihc [«/e«^i^] mak gode ende. 

[III. Codicil. Oct. 1425. Abstract on p. 69.] 

And for asmoche as .1. Roger Flore, ouerseying my testament and 
wiUe, haue conceyued fat I haue not ordeyned what lames my son 20 
shulde haue during his moder lyf, soole, whithouten husbonde, per- 
fore my wille is, fat my ioint feffe^ of my purchace of Leesthorpe ^ in 
Leicestreshire, graunte by her' dede, to lames my said sone, an annuite 
of .C s' of my said purchas of Leesthorpe, to haue hit for terme of his 24 
moder lif Cecile, if she lyue sool, so fat, after hei* decesse, or if she 
take hir* an husbond, he mowe haue fe remaindre of Braceby, like as 
I haue ordeined for him in my wiH, so fat whanne f e remaindre 
fallef to him, fat f anne fe saide annuite of an C s' sese. And I wul 28 
fat f e said gmunte of f e said annuite be graunted with clause of 
destresse paieable atte too termes, fat is to say, at Esterne and 

^ ? does this mean that her Portion is to drop to £40 or to £60 ? 

* ? =* eanzd to be made. 

' Leesthorpe, in the hand, of Gartree, though locally situate in the hund. of 
Guthlaxton, CJo. of Leicester ; in the Parish of Pickwell ... It is 4 m. S.E. by 
S. from Melton Mowbray. — Carlisle, 



64 BABLIBBT ENGUSH WILLS. 1425, ROQER FLORB, OR FLOWER. 

Micheluiesse. Furthermore my wiH is, ]>at if Eobert mj son be a 
prast in time to come, seyng p&t })anne my lande )?at is tayledf to liim 
in Leicestrg, Whytewe^^ and Litel Hamildofi^ shulde desceude to ]>e 
4 said lames, ^at ]>anne j^e remaindra of Braceby a-fore said be til 
William my sona after ]>e decesse of his modei^ Cecile ; or if she take 
hire an husbond?, as hit is rehersyd arfore. More-ouei* my will is, fat 
if my said son Eobert be here-aftii' prest, as hit is said before, );anne 
8 wul I, if he haf any benefice of holychirche or prebende, fat fanne 
]>e astate fat I ordeigned fat ioint feffe^ of my londes and tenemer^tes 
fat 1 bought of Eichard Oxendefi of Okeham, and also of my burgage 
fe which I bought of Bichard Mylnere in fe Newgate of Okeham, 

12 and my ioint feffe^ of my landes and tenementes in Masthorpe, 
shulde haf made to Eobert my sone for f e terme of his moder lif in 
such manere and forme as hit is declared in my formei^ wiH, fat 
f anne fay shaH make astate of f e said londes and tene^/ientes to my 

16 said sone William in such manere and iourme as fei shulle haue 
made to my said sone Eobert, wif f e remaindre as hit is in my 
former wille declared. In witnes of which f is my writyng* of myn 
own bond, I haue annexed fis my wille with my testament and 

20 former wille, vnder my seal of myn armes, affermyng* my said 
testament and former wille except fat ^ is chaunged in fis my last 
wille. writen at Okeham f e Fryday a-fore f e fest of fe aposteles, 
Seint Simon and lude,* f e 3ere of oure lord a f ousand foure hundred 

24 and xxv. and fe 3ere of fe reigne of ^King Herry fe sext after 
f e conquest, fe fourte. And I prey my feflfe^ fat alle f ese astatys, by 
f e avys of a wel lerned man of f e lawe, of my cost, to be paied 
by myn Executours. Almyghty god make good ende ! Amen. 

28 Probata fuerunt pre^ens testamentum & codicillum coram Magi^ro 
lohawne Lyndefeld, Commissarzo &c, xx die mensw lunij. Anno 
dommi Mille^imo cccc™® vicesimo octauo, & cowmissa est adminis- 
tracio omnium bonorwm dicti defuwcti dic^o Bicardo Hiwey, & 

32 dommo WilleZmo Baxter, "Executoribus in eodem testamento nomi- 
nsktu, Eeseruata potestate, &&. 

^ Whitwell in the Hundred of Alstoe. The Flores held an estate there under 
the Prior of St. John of Jerusalem. — J. H. R. * what, that which. 

* Little Hambledon, in the Hundred of Martinsly. The Flores held the 
Manor under the Ferrers family. — J. H. R. * Oct 28. * leaf 72. 



EiLRLIEST ENGUSH WILLS. 1425, WILLIAM NEWLAND. 65 



WILLIAM NEWLAND, OF LONDON AND 

NORMANDY, 1425. 

[Going on a Journey. Pilgrims to be sent to Borne, Jerusalem, 
Canterbury, St. Michael's Mount, and St. James's of Gompostella, for 
Testator's soul, and Priests to sing for it Gifts of gilt and silver Cups 
and Goblets, Bed, and Money. Gifts to Parson and Clerk of St. Thomas's, 
London, and Prisoners and Poor. Goods for Testator's soul.] 

(More, 3 Commissary Court of London, If. 170 bk.) 
Brigide.^ T. WilleZmi Newland. HaZ>ent acquietanciam. [In mar^nJ] 

I, William Newland, wol pat al men know pat fis here-vnder 
writen ys my last will, what pat euer god ordene for me in my 
lomeye. First, for to dispose my goodis: pe goodis that be in 
a paire of trussing cofres in the kepyng of Thomas Broun), y wol fat 4 
a man be founden perwith to go to Eome and to lert^alem, and to 
haue per-of for his coster and labowr 1 marc*^; a-nofer for to go fro the 
Swerd? in Fletstrete vn-to Caunterbnry, barefot, x s' ; and Srnoper for 
to ride or go vn-to seynt MicheH mount ^ xx s' ; and a-nofer to seynt 8 
lames in Galis* C s' ; and for vprestw for to synge at chircH of seint 
Thomas of Postlis^ a hool yere, 1 marc 2; and for oper v prestw the 
next yere suyng in ]?' same place, 1 marc 2. And y wilt fat sir 
Thomas Fawkys haue two gilt cuppis couered, and ij pecis of siluer. 12 
and also it is my will pat Elianor of Coton)* haue C marc to her 
manage, and a browded bed wij) )>* costures perto, and a cup of 
Siluer and ij gobeletti*. also y wol pat Thomas Pounce haue 
X marc, also y wol pat Thomas Broun) and his wyjff haue viij 16 

1 St. Bridget's, or St. Bride's, Fleet St., in Faringdon "Ward "Without. 

^ Fifty marks, £32 lis. id. : over £300 in present money. 

' That in Cornwall, not that in Britany, as only 20tf. is allowd. 

* St. James's of Compostella, in Galicia, Spain. 

* The Church of St. Thomas the Apostle was in ' Knight riders street . . by 
Wring-toren lamSf a proper Church, and in the yeere 1629. well repaired and 
finely garnished.' — S tow's Survey of London^ ed. 1633, p. 268, col. 2. It was 
burnt in the Great Fire of 1666, and not rebuilt. The parish was joind to St. 
Mary Aldermary, Bow Lane, Watling St. 

* There's a Coton 2 miles N. of Cambridge, and another near Rugby, in 
Warwickshire. 

B. E. WILLS. F 



66 BARUTMT 1BNQLI8H WILLS. 1425^ WILLIAM NBWLAND. 

marc*. Also y wol fat lohs) of Merbury* haue x marc*, also y wol 
fat ^ p^rsond of seynt Thomas apostolis liaue xiij s' iiij d, and ]>* 
clerk vj s' viij <J. also y wol pat xl marc« be delid to prisoners and 
4 to pore folkys. also y remenant of my barneys and oper goodis, 
y witt pat it be disposed for my sowle, and for ali y^ saules per ener y 
bad ony good of: and pis y yeue in cbarge, vnp witte and good 
mende, to myn executours, as ]>ey wol answers a-for god, to be treuly 
8 disposed as it ys a-boue writen. and berdvpon) y make myn 
Executot«rs» Thomas Fawke« a-ford writen, and Elianor of Goton), 
Thomas Pounce & Tbomas Broun). Writen pe xx day of Decembre 
in London) be me William Newland. And y wol pat al my rentt^ 

12 and goodt^ in I^ormandie be disposed be William FaukesweH and be 
Pers Gely, pe balf for to be don for my sowle, and pe oper balf 
y 3eue hem frely for to do trewly for me. and her-to y set p^ seale of 
my Ames to witnesse. 

16 Probatum fuit boc testam^n^um coram nobis Dauid Price, vicario 
Eeuerendi in ehristo pa/ris & domtni WilWmi, dei gra^ta Londome 
"Ei^iscopif in spt'rt^ualib?(« generali, xy kalendarum Augusti, anno 
domim millmmo cccc™* xxvj***, Et per nos legitime pr(?n?mciatu»i pro 

20 eodeuL Et commissa est administracto ommum bonorum ■presena 
testamen^t^m concemenctt^m, infra iurisdiccionem Londome existen- 
ciuTTi, Elianore of^ Cotou), Thome Pounce & Tbome Broun) execu- 
ioTibus superius nominaiis, iuratis primitus in forma iurt9, & sAmisais 

24 "per eosdem, facultate committenda admtnistractonem hmusmodi 
Thome Faukys, executori superius nomin&tOj cum venerit, & eandem 
subire voluerit, nobis specialitar reseruata. In cuius rei testimonium, 
sigillum quo in hmusmodi officio Yicari&tus vtimur, presentibus 

28 apposuimt^. Datt^m Londonte, die & anno domini supradictt^. 

^ Merbury is not in Walker's Gazetteer, ' so. 



EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 142B, WILLIAM DAVY. 67 



WILLIA.M DAVY, FISHMONGER, LONDON, 1426. 

[To be buried* in St. Clement's, East-Cheep. Gifts to the Works, 
Parson and Clerk of the Church, and other Priests. Small bequests to 
Brother, Sister, and friends. Residue for Testator's Soul.] 

(More, 8 Commissary Court of London, If. 228.) 

Cpement] Est[chepe]. Tesfamentum WilleZmi Davy. HaAent 

SLcquietanciam} [In margin.'] 

In ))• name of god, amen. In the xxvij day of nouember, The 
jere of oui* lord M. CCCC"^® xxvj, I. Wilh'am Dauy, Fyscfimongere 
and Citezyn of Londofl, In hool mynde, make and ordeyne my 
Testament in this maner : Ferst I be-quethe my sowle to al-myghty '4 
god and to al p* seyntis, my body to be beryed in y Cherche-^erd of 
seynt Clements be syde Est chepe^. Al-so I be-quethe to the werkes 
of ^^e forsoyd cherche, xl s*. Al-so I be-quethe to t?ie persona of the 
sayde cherche, xiij s' iiij df. Also I be-quethe to the mayster clerke 8 
iij s* iiij df. Also I be-quethe sere Wil^am Podon), iij s*. iiij d. Also 
I be-quethe sere lohn Buk, iij s' iiij &. Also I wele that euery prest 
that is at my dyrige and at messe, haue vj <J. Also I be-quethe 
Margrete Schiplake, xl s*. Al-so I be-queth Waket, prentys wiUi 12 
Schiplake, vj s' viij (J. Also I be-quethe lohn Davy my brother 
xl. s\ Also I be-quethe Margery my sister*, xx s'. And f* residue 
of al my godys after my testament is f ulfyllyd and my dettys payd, 
^Aey be disposyd for my soule after the disposicion of my executour. 16 
and to this I make and ordeyne Willeam Schiplake, Barbour, myn 
executour ; and I be-quetne the same Wilh'am xl s' ; Al-so 3eue hym 
wit^-owte that, for hese laboure, vj s' viij d. Item I be-quethe lohn 
Lowesley vj s' viij &, Wittenessis, sere Andrewe Norwiche, personc,^ 20 
and Thomas Rokewode, clerk. 

^ The Executors have paid their dues to the Court. 

' This is a small Church, void of Monuments, other than of Francis Bamam, 
Alderman, who deceased 1575, and of Benedict Bamam his sonne. Alderman 
also 1598. — Stow's Survey, 1633, p. 235, col. 1. This Church was repaired and 
beautified at the cost and charge of the Parishioners, in the yeere of our Lord 
God, 1632.— ift. p. 832, col. 1. Burnt in the Great Fire, 1666 ; rebuilt by Wren. 

' Probably the Parson drew up the Will. See the Common Form for Wills 

F 2 



68 EARLIBST ENQLISH WILLS. 1426, WM. HANYNOFELD. 

Probatum est & &. ij* nonarum Decembm, anno domini supro- 
dicto, coram Eoberto Derflfelcf &c c. Et commissa est &c» WilleZmo 
Schiplake, executori suprodicto. £t skdxma&um per eundem, iurato 
4 pnmitus in forma ium. 



WM. HANYNGFBLD, ESQ.,i OF ESSEX AND 

SUFFOLK, 1426. 

[To be buried at Bikinacre, Essex. Small sums of money to its 
priests, and poor, and Church ; to his Suffolk tenants, and the Church 
of Lawshall. Much of his land to be sold ; and out of its price, 2 Priests 
to be got to sing for 40 years for Testator's and others' souls ; alms to be 
given ; 4 lepers to have 4 marks yearly for 10 years ; Obit to be kept 
yearly in 3 churches ; poor of 3 Essex hundreds to have 20 marks a year 
for lO years ; 6 marks (£4) to be spent on Laffar bridge, and 500 marks 
on Eastford bridge. Household goods to go to children. Testator 
to have a tomb like Sir Thomas More's ^, with a broad stone and 4 pillars ; 
and on the stone, a Brass of his wife and 7 children, &c. Bequests to priests, 
clerks, poor, and poor tenants. Legacies to Executors, ^c. Servants to 
be rewarded. P. Dene to have an annuity out of land. Feffees (trustees) 
to convey land as Executors direct. Children to have £100 each, and be 
govemd by Executors.] 

(Luffenam, P. P. C, leaf 45.) 

Testam^^wm WilleZmi Hanyngfeld. [In margin,'] 

In nomine sawc^e & indiuidue Trinitatis, -patna et filij et spinous 
Bancti, Amen. In festo sawcri. Egidij Abbatis, Anno dommi 
Millew'mo CCCC"** xxvj*®, Anno regni Eegis Henrici sexti post con- 
8 questuw Anglie quinto, Ego, WilleZmus Hanyngfeld, Armiger, in 
mea libera et spontanea voluntate, ac in bona et sana memoria mea 
existens, videns & precogitans in mortis pericwlwm, Ideo hoc presens 

drawn by Parsons when applied to, in Bp. Lacy*s Liber Pontificalis, cited in the 
Nates, on a Widow's Vow of Chastity. This Form included gifts to the Church, 
Parson, Clerk, &c. 

1 William Hanyngfield of Claydon's in East Hanningfield, Chelmsford 
Hundred. — TnquisUiones post mortem, 6 Hen. VI. — H. R. 

* This was Thos. More (or Moor), Dean of St. Paul's, who rebuilt the 
Chapel in Pardon Cloister, and was buried there in 14 . . See p. 104, note 1. — 
J. H. R. 



EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1426, WM. IIANYNGrELD» 69 

testamentuw meum, voluntatem meam in se continens, condo, fac/o, 
& ordino in hunc modum. In primis lego et commendo animanx 
meam deo omTzipotenti, creatori meo, ^heatiaaimeque & gloriosissime 
dei genitrici, virgini Marie, matris sue, & omwibus sanctt*^; corpusqwf 4 
meum ad sepeliendi^m in eccWia sancti lohannis Bap^i9te de 
Bykenare,2 in Capella sancti NichoZai. Item lego cuiliftet sacerdoti 
ad exequias meaa existent/, vj d?. Item lego cuiliftet clerico interes- 
senti ihidem, iiij d. Item lego cuiliiet pauperi ij <J, et si necesse^ 8 
fuerit causa paupe?'tat25, iiij cl. Item lego pauperibus meis tenentibe^s 
ihidem "per viam, xx s*. Item lego tenentibtw meis in Comltatu 
SuSolkiey xl. s*. Item lego fabrice ihidem. pro facfura ecclesie, si non 
deueniat ad manus priom, aed "per visum lohawnis Borbam, C. marca^, 12 
videlicet pro reparacione capelle ihidem vbi corpus meum sepultuw* 
fuerit. Item lego pro fac^ura eccle^e de Lawsett* in Comitatu 
SuSolkie, ad orandwm pro antecessoribw* meis, xl* li. Eesiduum yero 
ommwn bonorwm meorwm non legatori^w, do et lego Roberto de Teye,** 16 
Armigero, in Comitatu Essexie, Iolia?ini Basset ® de ChishuH, lobanni 
Whetley, ciui ciuitatz* London ie, et Philippo Dene. Huius autem 
testament! mei, Robertum de Teye, Armigerum, loha/inem Basset 
pr5dictwm, lobawnem Whetley, ciuem ciuitatis London/e, & Pbilippum 20 
Dene, ordino, facio et constituo Executores meos. In cuius rei 
testimonium, sigillum meum presentibw^ apposui. Datum Londonie, 
die & Anno supradicti^. 



T 



Codicillus eiusdem WilleZmi. [In margin,'] 
[Will of his Real Estate,] 



His is the last wiH of me Willtam HanyngfelcJ Esquier*, of aH my 24 
londes and rentes witfiynne ^fe shire of Esex* and Suffo/A;, I-made fe 
iiij. day of Septembre, the 3ere of oure lord? M^ CCCC xxvj. First, 
I woH fat J>e Maner of Chardacre and Valans yn the shire of SuflfoZ/c 

* — ^ interlined by another hand. 

* Bicknacre Priory, adjoining East Hanningfield. — J. H. R. BikirvacTe or 
Bitacre in the hnnd. of Chelmesford, co. of Essex. — Carlisle. * MS. ncce. 

* LawshaU, in the hund. of Baberg, co. of Suffolk*. . . 7 miles S. by E. of 
St. Edmund's Bury.— CarZwfe. ' the J> is that of the MS. all thru. 

* Robert de Tey of Mark's Tey in the Lexden Hundred, Essex : d. 1426-7. 
' John Basset of Basset's HaU, in Great Chishall, Essex. — J. H. B. 



70 HARLIBST BNOLISH WILLS. 1426, WM. HANTNaFELD. 

J>at fay be sold by myn Executoura to as hie prys as hit may, withoute 
fraude or male engyne, and J^e money therof resceyued, be dispendeJ 
for my soule, after f e discrecioun of myn Executours. More-ouer I 
4 woit fat fe maner icallecl Bonylys maner, Frankelensmonday lond? 
and Smythislond, be soldf by fe same Executours, and wiib fe money 
J)er-of resceuyed, and more, 3ef nede be, be foiinde ij. prestes. 
singjmg* continuellicb during* fe terme of 'xl* winter in Jie Priory of 
8 Bykenacre, in f e ChapeH of seint Mcholace, for J)e soules of me, J>e 
forsai(J WilU'am, Agnes, lohan, Cisily myn wyfes, Willtaw, Nicholas, 
Martyn, Alienore, Elisabeth, Roger and Margery, and for aH f e soules 
fat I am bounde to do for^, after fe discreciown of myn Executours. 

12 Also I woH fat fe maner icallecJ Piriesmaner ^ be solcJ as hastly as hit 
may, and fe money therof resceyuedl, be dispendedl in dedea of almes 
by f e discrecion of myn Executours. And as touching f e maner and 
lon(J I-called Aiotte*, Bartlotte*, PathisloncJ, Gardyns, and Estlonil,^ 

16 in Bradwett', I woH fat fay be sol(J by my Executours ; and with f e 
money ther-of resceyued, that ther be I-founde iiij. pore men lepres, 
during* fe te^'me of x 3ere, and fat euery of ham haue ^erly 
iiij marc< during* fe same terme. Also I woli fat myn obite be 

20 kept 361*^7 c^tte Bikenacre, BradweH, and Canwedon,^ and fat fay 
haue to f e werkes of Canwedon chirch, x marker. Also I woH 
fat among* f e powremen of Richefordhundred,^ Dunchehundredf,® and 
Chelmysford hundred, be deled by myn Executours breed and 

24 herynge to fe valu of xx marces during* fe terme of x 3ere. Also I 
woU fat on Laffarebrugge^ be spendid, to make hit ati of stone, vj° 
marker, in esement of fe comyns, if hit so be fat no man be bounde 
by his lond to make hit. Also I woti fat my reuercion of Tootham® 

28 I-called Skotte* and Westnewlond, and fe rente of Alflednasse be 
sold by myn Executours, and f e money be dispendid to parfourme 
my wiH. And also I woH fat aH maner howshold be kept, and let 
f e children haue hit, or fe prys. And fat fe forset^ that Thomas 

1 Perie in Tillingham, which he held of the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's. 

* ? East Hall Manor. * Canewdon near Rochford. — J. H. Round. 
' Bradwell juxta tnare, on the Blackwater, and in Dengey Hundred. 

• Rochford Hundred. • Dengey Hundred. — J. H. Round. 

' A bridge of one of the three Lavers in Essex, between Harlow and Ongar. 
8 Totham, adjoining Langford ; or, possibly, Scottys in Canewdon, which he 
held of John Tyrdl, Esq. — J. H. Round. • A casket, little chest or coffer. 



EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1426, WM. HANYNQFELD, 71 

Essexie^ wot where is, be delyuered to myn Executours forto dispende 

^e goudes ]>at is tber-yn, for my soule, and )>at fe same Thomas 

Essexi6 ^ haue v marcel in honde, and also xx s'* terme of his lyf. And 

]>at myn Executours pay for pe costes of his qwytaunce of his 4 

enditement. And also I woH pai on ]>e briggc betwixt Estefor()^ ^and 

Chelmysford, Jef nede be, be spended V^ marcel, if hit so bo pat no 

man be bounde by his londe to make hit. Also I woU ]>at I haue a 

tumbe like sire Thomas More, and ther-vpon, a brode ston wzt^ iiij 8 

pilers, and pe brode stone grauyn with Latoil, of Cisifly^ and vij 

children, pat is to sey, a son and vj doughtren, lohan and iij children, 

Agnes and ij children, pris of .L. marce^. Also I woH pat enerj 

preest being* atte my dirige, haue vj d, and euery Clerk iiij d, and 12 

)yat euery pore man haue ij d, and if gret nede be, iiij d. And also 

I woU ])at ther be delyueredf thei' to pe pore peple of my tenat^ntte^ 

XX s'. Also I woH ])at lohfi Borham ouerse these ij preestes and pe 

pore men, and haue for his labour' xl* s\ Also I woti ]7at Eolf 16 

Baynard and Darsy, if pay be witholde truly with jow, pat euery 

haue xl' s*. Also I woA pat RobercJ of Teye, myn Executour, haue 

for his labour, xxx ti; John) Basset of ChishuH, xx ti; loha 

Whetley, xx ti ; Phelippe Dene, for he is pore, xx ti ; And also to 20 

Willtam Babyngtofi, forto be good helper' and counceillour' to myn 

Executours in all matiers of lawe touching* hem and pe execucion of 

my testame?it and last wiH, xx maices. Also I woll pat sire lohn, my 

preest, haue xx s', and a gowne of my weryng*. Also I woH pat WiH 24 

my man haue xx s*. And I woH and pray 30W pat Phelippe be kept 

on seruice stille, and haue as goud wages as he hadde of me be-fome 

during* pe terme of ij. ^ere. Also I woH pat my seniat^ntte* be 

rewarded after joure discreciown. Also I praye my fefiburs pat pay 28 

wolde enfeffe Philippe Dene on 'vj* marcel of rente during* pe terme 

of his lif, where pat he woll chese of aA my londe^ best reysid. And 

also I praye, and in goddisbyhalf require, pat alle pe feflFes pat ben 

enfeffyd in my londes, pat in what tyme pat pay ben duly required 32 

by myn Executours to make a-state to any person, pat pay perfourme 

1 A line of contraction is oyer the ' z ', whether to mark a Latin genitire 
or not (Thomas of Essex), I can't say. 

» ? Eaaterford (now KeIvedon).-nJ. H. R. » leaf 145 back. 

* Cicely his wife : see abuy, p. 70, L 7. 



72 BARLIEST BNaLISH WILLS. 1426, WM. HANTNGFELD. 

hit in discharge of my soule, as J>ey woS onswew arfore god. Also I 
pray my feffours fat fay wold suffer myn Executouis to selle 
Stanlehalle, and to enfeffe what man fat euer myn Executours 
4 reqnira hem to. Also *I' woli fat my Maners of Welsham and 
Brethenham^ be sold by myn Executouis, and fe money farof 
be disposed by myn Executours. Also I woH fat my Ghildrefi haue 
G ii, and fat fey, and f er goudes fat longel^ to ham, be gouamed atte 
8 afi tymes by fe discrecion of myn Executouis. And fat aH f e 
leuenuys and profitys comyng^ of my londes fat ben not assigned by 
my last wOi and testament for to be sold ouer f e sustenaunce of f e 
seid childiun, be disposid and dispendid f oi my soule by f e disciecion 

12 of myn Executours, 

PiobatuTTi fuit prejjens teatamerUum, cum codicillo, coiam M-agistro 
lohanne Lyndefeld, Commissano &C, xxij die mensis Septembm. 
Anno domim suprodicto ; et commissa est administracio bonon^m && 

16 Philippo Dene, Executori &c<, Eesaruata potestate &&, Et postea 
exhibito Inventario bonon^m &&, dtc^us executor acquietatus est. ac 
die martis, videlicet xiiij^ die manBis Maij, Anno domini M^cccc xxx 
yij^.Iohannes Basset, executor &&, coram "Kagistro lohanne Lyndefeld 

20 Commissarzo && personality comparens, & iuiB.tua ad sancta dei 

euat^ngelia, admtnistracionem bonorum dicti defuncti, recepit in forma 

iuris Sc&, 

1 Brettenham, Suffolk, N.W. of Bilston. 



EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1426, JOHN OREDY. 73 



JOHN CBEDY, ESQ., OP LONDON, DEVON- 

SHIEE, ETC., 1426. 

[To be buried in London. Bakehouse in Wood St. , and land in Surrey, 
to Wife for life ; Half the Cock and Gariand in Coleman St. to brother 
Bichard for life ; remainders to R. Burdon. A Middlesex house to keep a 
priest at Weston to pray for Testator, &o. A Devonshire place, at Lee, 
to brother John for life, then to nephew William, &c. Spensers place, 
Devonshire, to nephew Thomas for life, and then to nephew William. 
Other Devonshire and Somerset property to R. Burdon and wife for their 
lives, and their son John in tail male. Surrey land to nephew William for 
life, and then to be sold for Testator's soul. Everchurch^land, in Somerset, 
to nephew John for life, and then for Testator's soul. To Alison Burdon 
40 marks as a portion. Priest to pray in Newton for 10 years. A per- 
petual Chantry in St. Alphage, to be founded out of the Cock in Grub St. 
Priest of the Chamell to have 2 marks out of the Cow-Head in Chepe. 
The City Chamberlain and Town-Clerk (Jn. Carpenter) to see to this. 
Gifts of Mass-Book, Chalice, Cruets, Money, Armour, Beds, Sheets, Pots, 
Pans, Basins, Cups, a Gold Chain, <fec. Wife to have half household 
goods. Residue of personalty to Brothers, Sisters, and next of kin.] 

(Luffenam, If. 46 back.) 
Heatamentian. lohannis Credy. [In margin,^ 

In the^ name of god, so be hit, the iiij day of luyfi, the ^ere of oure 
lordl IVTcccc' xxvj, !• lofin Credy, squyer, being in my good 
mynde, make my testament in the maner suyng. ffirst I bequethe 
my soule to god almyghty, my maker, to fe blisf ul Mary, moder of 4 
ihe^, and to alle fe company of heuen ; my body to be beried in fe 
chircfi of seynt lolin Jacarie^, where my children be beried. Also I 
l)equetfi my wyfe my londes and tenement^ the whicfi I haue 
in Eldmede in fe shire of Surre, and my bachous in Wodestrete in 8 
Londen, the terme of hei^ life ; And after fe decesse of hire, ))at hit 

* Ever ChuTchf or Everachf Somerset, W. of Bruton. — ^Walker. ' ? MS. ther 

* Aldersgate Ward. ' Then is Engairie Lane, or Maiden lane, and at the 
North-west comer thereof, the Parish Church of Saint John Zacharie, a faire 
Chwrch * . . . — Stow's Survey, 1688, p. 821, col. 2. This Church was burnt in 
the Great Fire of 1666, and not rebuilt. 



74 BARLIBST SNGLISfi WILLS. 1416, JOHN ORBDT. 

tume to Bichard Burdofl, skynner, of Londen. Also I wiH )>at 
"Richard, my brother, haue half ]>e Cok and fe garlon<$ in Colman- 
strete, pe ierme of his life, and pe Reuersiofi to Eichard Burdoa, 
4 skynner, the terme of his life ; and after pai, be sold and do for my 
soule. Also .1. vnlle ]>at my wife haue my place called Ghilderhous 
in Middelsex' ))e t^rme of here life, to snsteyne a preest in the 
Chapeli of Westoil; And after pe decesse of here, to Eichard 
8 Quatremayns, and to his heires and assignes, in pQ same kynde that 
sheo hath hit. And ^ef ])e preest be not susteyned to pray for me, 
my wyfe, and alle my freendes, )>at hit be sold and do for alle oure 
soules. Also I win ])at lohn) my brother haue my place atte Lee in 

12 Deuenshire ^ pQ ierme of his life ; and after pe decesse of him, ])at lohn) 
my godsofi, his sone, haue pe same place pe terme of his life ; and 
after pe decesse of him, ]>at Willtam, Adam, my brother sone, haue pe 
same lond, to him and to his heires males of his body laufully 

16 begetofi for^ eu^rmore. And ^ef the same William dye withoute 
issue male of his body laufully begotod, ^at hit be sold and disposed 
for my soule and a& c^m^iafi soules. Also Spensers place atte 
Newtofi in Douenshira, I witt ])at Thomas, Adam Credy soil, ])at 

20 dwelleth with me, haue hit pQ ierme of his life ; And after the 
decesse of him, ]>at WilUam his brother haue hit for euer. Also I 
witt fat Richard Burdofi and Denys his wife haue my part of pe 
Maner Enwarle in Deuen* with pe voursone of pe chirche. And also 

24 my part of pe man^'of Thorncoffyn in Somerset, with pe vourson of 
pe church. And also my part of pe man^ of Morstofi in Deuenshire^ 
the ierme of both here lifes ; And after the decesse of hem, pat hit 
turne to lohfl here sone, and to his heires males. And if it so bee 

28 pat he die withoute issue male, I witt pat Richard his brother haue ' 
hit in fee euer more. Also I witt pat William my neuew, William 
my brother son, haue att pe lond which pat Westoft, Draper, and I 
purchased in Frankyngham and other places in Surre, terme of his 

32 life ; and after his decesse, pat hit be soldo and disposed for my soule 
and alle cristen soules. And also I witt pat lohn my neuew, lohfi 

1 There are i Leighs, — East, West, North, South, — ^near Colyton in Deyon* 
shire. 

> i MS. far, s * shire ' follows, nnderdotted for omission. 



EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1426, JOHN OREDT. 75 

my "brotlier sofi, haue, whenne it falletfi, my parte of place in 
EuerchurcR in Som^rsc^, to him and to his heires for euermore. Also 
I wiH pat my part of fe maner of Stauntofk in Som6rs6^, and also alld 
my londes and ^ tenement^ which I haue in Exettur in Deuenshire, 4 
])at pQj been solde by myn Executours. And also I* wc^ ])at Alisofl 
Bardon haue xl* marc< to hei^ marlage. Also I witi )>at a preest be 
f ounde in Newton, x jere, to pray for my fader and my moder, me, my 
wyfe, Eicharcl Forster, afi my kyn & all my gode freendis which I 8 
am bounde to, and for all ckriatieh soules. And per I wott pat per 
be sette C* marc* to pay his wagis. And also .1. w(^ pat pere be 
founde a perpetueH chauntarie of pe tenement cleped pe Cok in 
Grubstrete, with cotages annexid perto, and opir his appurtinaunce, 12 
to finde a perpetuel preest to singe for my soule, my fader soule, my 
moder soule, and for all christiefi soules, in pe chirch of seint 
Alpheies^, atte Auter of oui' lady seint Marie. Also I woU pat str 
lohn, preest of pe chameH, haue ij marc* out of my part of pe rente 16 
called pe cowe heed in Chepe ^ ^erly^ & alle his successours, prestes of 
pe same charneft, pat come aftir him, to pray foi me lohn) Credy, my 
wife, my fader, my moder, B.ichard Forster, and for alle christi&a 
soules. Also I wott pat lohn Biderenden, pe Chamberleyn pat now 20 
is, and lohn) Carpynt<?r, comofi clerk*,* and her either successours, 
haue ^erly comyng oute of pe same rente, eche of hem, vj. s*. viij d, 

^ leaf 47. ' ? A shop with the sign of a Cow's Head. 

' St. Alphage Church is situate at the N. W. angle of Aldermanbury, one door 
opening to London Wall . . and the S. door opens into the garden of Sum 
College . . The Church upon its 1st building was dedicated to St. Alp?iage, who 
was Archbishop of Canterbury . . was stoned to death by the Danes at Greenwich 
in the year 1012 . . He is in old Authors called Alfege and Alphy. — Hatton, 
New View of London, 1708, i. 113, 114. The Chamel is St. Al.'s dead-house. 

* This was the famous John Carpenter, the learned town-clerk of the City of 
London (elected April 20, 1417), the compiler of the Liber Albus, &c. On 
a bequest of his, the City of London school was afterwards founded. See Thos. 
Brewer's Life and Times of Carpentety 1856. — ^T. Cooper, Biogr. Diet. "It 
may interest your readers to know that the new City schools [on the Thames 
Embankment] have not been built through the liberality of the Corporation, but 
out of part of the John Carpenter Estates Trust money. The income arises from 
119 houses — fiye in the city, and the rest in the Tottenham-court-road, the 
average rental of which cannot be less than £100 per annum each— say £11,000 
a year — so that the Corporation for hundreds of years have been receiving a 
great deal more than they have spent in educating the sons of poor freemen." — 
1882, Daily News, Oct. 19, p. 2, coL 7. 



76 BARUBST ENGLISH WILLS. 1426, JOHN GREDT. 

to se )^at fia prest, and his successours of ]>e same chameH, do 
diligently hei* deuer, as hem oweth to do. Also I woti fat fe chirc& 
of J^ewtofl haue my masseboke, my portus,^ my chaleys, my 
4 vestmentj, and my cruettw,^ Jjat I haue her-Inne. Also I woH fat 
Alisoii my doghter, of Halyweli^, [haue] x. marc* and fe hous, 
pcrpetuelly to prey for me, [&] my gret bolle of seluer. Also I 
bequeth to J>e stepul werk of seint Alpheies by Crepulgate, x mark ; 
8 to ])e persone, xx s' ; to ech of J>e prestes, xl. d ; to J)e clerk, xl d, to 
pray for me / Of aH my meuable godes which I haue, except my 
closing & hameys, I wol fat my wife haue half". Also *!• woH fat 
William my Neuew haue x marc, and Aueys my nece^ othir x marc< 

12 to hei' manage. Also I woU fat lonet my Cosin haue xl s'. Also 
fat 'Richard Burdofi, Skynner, haue x mark*, a habergeon, a swercJ 
harnesecJ, a wodeknyf * hamesed, and a Dagger. Also I woH fat 
Alison Burdoii his sister, haue a blewe bedde of Tapecery, a peii* 

16 blankett^», ij peir^ shetys, & a selour*^ with curteyns of carde. Also I 
woti fat Bichai'd Burdofi, skynner, haue a white bedde with roses, I 
peii' of shetis'/ Also fat eche of hem haue a pot and a panne, a basin 
and® an ewei*, and ech of hem half a dosen of peutre vesseH, and 

20 either of hem a coupe coue^'ed with seluer. Also I woU fat Bicf lard 
Quatremains haue my cheyne of gol($, Ss my lesse swerd harneised. 
And f e Eesidue of ali my other godi^ and cateH, after my dettes paid, 
I wol fat it be disposid be my executours a-boute my brethren and 

24 my sustren and next of my kyn. And I make myn executours, 
William Frye of Deuenshire, my wife, lohn) Carpinter, comown 
clerk*, & lohn Spore, ferroure ; And I woU fat ech of hem haue C s\ 
for her trauaiH. In witnes of which f ing, to f is my present 

28 testament I haue sette my seeL Yeuen atte Londen f e day and f e 
jere a-boue seid.// 

ProbatMm fuit presens teatamenfum coram Magistro I. Lyndefeld, 

* A portable Breviary. 

' Jags or vessels to hold the wine and the water separately before they were 
consecrated. The Chalice held them when mixt for consecration, and consecrated. 

3 The priory of St. John the Baptist, in Bishopsgale, outside the City walls, 
surrenderd to Henry VIII in 1539. See Stow's Survey, 1638, p. 470, col. 1. 
In or near the grounds of this, Jas. Burbage's T?ie(Ur$ stood, where Shakspere 
probably first acted and wrote. 

^ ? MS. wadeknyf. ^ canopy : see p. 86, note 8» ^ MS. and &. 



BARLIE8T ENGLISH WILLS. 1428, JOHN TOKER. 77 

CoT/imissan'o &&, viij die mensis lunij, Anno domlni sapradicto ; et 
commissa est admin/stracto honoium && lohanne, Eelicte dicti 
defunctty & loha^mi Spore, exQcuioribus & &, Besamata potestate 
&& : & xxiiij^ mensis lulij, acqoieta^i fuorunt executores &c a 4 



JOHN TOKER, OF LONDON, VINTNER, 1428. 

[To be buried in St. Mildred's, Bread St Gifts to that Church, its 
Priest, Clerk, &c. ; to Poor, to Prisoners in London and Westminster, to 
the Poor in Spitals, and the 4 Orders of Friars. To Apprentice H. 
Thomason, money, the rest of his apprenticeship, term in The Mermaid^ 
Bread St. [after, Shakspere's Tavern], Wine, Silver Cups, Pewter Pots, 
Napery, and kitchen utensils, and the service of his fellow-apprentice, 
who is given 40«. Clothing to be sold, and money divided among bedrid 
folk, &c. Gifts for poor Maiden's Marriages, for Executors, for a Priest 
to sing 3 years for Testator's soul ; to which his Residue is bequeathd.] 

(More, 3 Commissaiy Court of London, leaf 202 bk.) 

[lit margin.'] M. Bre<J. [St. Mildred's, Bread Street.] Testamentum 
lohannis Tokei*. Ciuis & Vinetam Londonie. 

In the name of god, Amen. I, Idhn Toker, Gitezein and 
Vineter of London, hool of mynde and of body, And in my good 
inemorie being, the sixte day of the moneth of August, the ^ere 
of oure lord god A M* CCCC And xxviij, And the 3ere of the regno of 8 
Kyng Henri the Sixthe, aftur the conquest the sixte, I make and 
ordeigne my present testament in this maner and fourme. First 
I be-quethe my soule to almygfeti god my creatour and maker, And 
to his blessed modur oure lady saynte Marie, and to aH the holy 12 
companye of heuene, and my body to be buried in the chirche 
of Seynt Mildredis, in Brede Stret in London. " Also I be-quethe to 
the hygfe auter of the same Chircfie for my tjthes and oflFrynges 
forg3eten and withdrauien, xl s*. Also I be-quethe to enerj prest of 16 
the forseid Chircfi, forto praie for my sowle, vj s' viij <J. Also 
I be-quethe to the Clerk of the same Chirche, iij s' iiij <J, Also 
I be-quethe to the werkis and profitis of the seied chirche, xiij s' 



78 BA.RUEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1428, JOHN TOKBR. 

iiij d. Also I be-queUie to be distribued among poore folk duellyng 
in the forseid pariscli of Seynt Mildred, f orto p-ay for my sowle, xl a*. 
Also I be-quethe to be distribued a-mong prisoners in the prisons of 
4 Ludgate, Matchalsie, Kyngesbenche, And the Coantouis in London, 
that is to seie, in enery of the seid prison [s], the prisoners to praie 
for my soule, xx. s' ; And a-moug the prisoners in the flete, and the 
Clerkes conuict at Westminster, that is to seie, in euery of tho two 
8 prisons, to pray for my soule, x s'^. Also I be-quethe to be distribued 
a-mong pore folk lying sike in the Spitell of oure lady^ with-oute 
Bisshopes-gate, Oure lady of Bedlem, Oure lady of Elsingspitel,' of 
seynt Bathilmewys in Smythfeelc?, And seint ThoTnas in Sowthwerk, 

12 in euery spitel to pray for my sowle, vj s' viy d. Also I be-quethe 
to the fowre ordres of the freres in Londofl, that is to seie, to euery 
hous of the seide ordurs of freres forto pray for my soule, xx. a\/ 
Also I be-quethe Tho Henry Thowmissone, myn apprentice, vj ii, xiij 

16 s', iiij d, And also I forg3eff and relece to the seid Henry alle his 
termes to me comyng of his apprentisehod. Also I wili that the 
same Henry haue alle the termes and possession that is comyng to 
me of my mancion that is cleped the Mermaid in Bredstreet, beryng 

20 the charges and the rente* ther-of duryng the seide termys. Also I 
wil that the same Henry haue in possessiofL to his profite and 
easment duryng an hool 3ere next affcur myn obit day, Alle the 
enciece that is comyng of my wyne arboue the stok. And more ouer 

24 1^ my peces and kuppes of siluer, peuder potter, Kaapri, and ali the 
vtensilmente* longyng to my kechyn, as for that forsaid jer enduryng. 
Also I wil that this reward be truly doon and treuly f ulfeld to the 
same Henry vp-on this, that he goueme hym goodly and onestly as 

28 he oweth forto do, aftur the rewle and discreciottn of myne executours. 
Also I wil that the same Henri haue ali the termes comyng to me of 

1 In margin is ' hdbent Acquietandam,* that is, the Executors hay paid the 
Court dues on the WUl. 

» 'Saint Marie Spittle': Stow's Survey, 1633, p. 175-6. It had 'at the 
surrender thereof [to Henry VIII] ninescore beds, well furnished for receipt of 
poore people.' — ^p. 86 b. Stow notes 'the Chamell and Chappell of Saint 
Edmcmd the Bishop, and Mary MajgdaXm^ p. 176, col. 1. Gp. ' Chamel ' abuv, 
p. 76, 1. 16. 

3 In Cripplegate : see Stow*s Survey, 1633, p. 86 h, 804 a. 



BARLIBST BNGUSH WILLS. 1428, JOHN TOKER. 79 

Henry Cloptofl, myn other apprentice. And also I be-quethe to that 
same Henry Clopton 'xl s'. Ako I wil that myn aray and clothyng 
to my body longyng, a-noh) aftwr my deces be sol<J, And the monei 
ther-of comyng Ss taken, I wil that hit be deuided and parted among 4 
pou^e folk lieng bedred, and in other werkes of charite most 
plesyng to god and to the helthe of my soule. Also I 3iue and 
bequethe to the mariage of onest and ponre maidens, to be distribued 
a-mong hem aftiir the wil and discrecion of myn executours, xiij ti -yj 8 
s'. viij (}. Also I bequethe to euerich of myn executours takyng 
charge to compleet and to do execucioQ of this my present testament, 
T. ti. Also I wil that a discreet and an abul preest be choson af tt^r 
the good discreciofl of myne execucutours [so] to syng and rede for 12 
my sowle and att criston soules in the forseid chirch of seynt 
Mildredis duryng the termys of thre jer next suwyng aftt^r my deces. 
And I be-quethe to the sustentacion of that seide preest for the 
forseid terme of thre ^er, xx. ti. The residue of aH my godes and 16 
catalles and dettours, what so-euer they be aitur my dettes paide and 
my present testament fulfillid, I be-quethe to be distribued and 
departed for my sowle, and for the soules of aH tho that I am boond 
to praye for. And for the soules of aH trewe criston pepul, like as 20 
myn executours seme best, to plese god, and profit to the helthe of 
my soule. And of this my present testament, I make and ordeignd 
myn executours, that is to seie, Eicharcl Banaster And Edmond 
Scheffild, Citezins and yineters of the forsaid cite, aH and euerich 24 
aboue expressid, iustly to complete, and treuly to spede. In witnesse 
of the whiche thyng, on this my present testament I haue put my 
seal Date at London the day and the yer aforesaid. 

Probatum fuit hoc pre*ens testamen^m coram nobis WilleZmo 28 
Stonham & c*, Commissario Iteuerem2t in christo 'patna & domim 
domtni WilleZmi, del gra^ Londome Epwcopi & c*, gene**ali, iij** 
nonarum Septembrw Anno dommi M* cccc® xxviij®. Approbatwm, 
insinuatum, ac pro eodem per nos legitime pronunciatum ; & Comissa 32 
egt Admintstracto ommnm bonomm dictum, [so] defunctt & & 'Execu- 
tonbu8 interius nominat^9, et Admissa per &c c*. 



80 EARUBST ENGLISH WILLS. 1428, ROBERT SCHAFMAN. 



ROBERT SCHA.PMAN, OF HARINGAY, 
MIDDLESEX, 1428. 

[Moveables to Wife. Gifts to Haringay Church, and Trinity Chapel 
there; to God-children, High-ways, Daughter, and Priest to sing for 
Testator's soul.] 

(More, 3 Commissary Court of London, If. 203 B.) 
[HJaringey.^ Tesiamentum Roberti Schapman. [In margin.] 

In dei nowiine Amen). I Robert Schapmaw, in Rithe mynde, make 
my testament in this forme. I be-quethe my sowle to god, to yowre 
[so] lady Lady, and to Alle f e holy compani of heuen ; my bodi to be 
4 berijt in the chircliau^ of houre La[dy] of Harryngey. Also I be- 
quethe to my wyfe alle f* goodis ]>at be meuablis, and sche to be my 
prinsepall seccutur, with Gefori London and Thomas Howe, fey to 
dispose fe goodis for me like as my [for * they '] wole anscwere to-fore 
8 gode atte J?* day of gogement^ : furst to J?e hihe anter, xij (J; to fe 
secutonrs of Robert Childe, v s* ; to heuery of my gode childrin 
*xij d^; and to a prest for to singe for me and aH cristin soulis, 
competent saleri for an hole here [= yere]^; to heu[er]i of my 

12 secutoris, v s*. ; to hie weyis, vj s' viij <J ; to the keuering* of the 
tnnite schapell of Haringey, vj s' viij d ; to my dowter, xl. s*. In 
cuius rei testimoTitum, sigillum apposui Datt^m in Haringey, Anno 
domim Millesimo qt^adringewtesimo octauo, primo die mensis Nonem- 

16 bris. vj*** Iduum. 'Nonemhiis probatwrn fuit; & com[missa] Execw- 
torilms Anno domini M} cccc° xxviij. 

^ Homsey, Middlesex, N. of London. There's a Haringay Park there now. 
(The leaf is not numberd in due order in the MS.) 

* Churchyard. ' Judgment. 

* In margin (as to the Executors), ' ho^ent Acquietanciam,* 
» Cp. youre /or houre, our (Lady) above. 



EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1428, RIOHABD WHYTEMAN. 81 



RICHARD WHYTEMAN, OF LONDON, 
WAXCHANDLER, 1428. 

[Gifts to his Parish Church, and for the doing of his Devotions there 
(burning Tapers). Two pairs of Candlesticks, the right to buy the best 
gilt Candlestick, and the Moulds and Trade tools, given to S. Whitehed. 
Bequests to Cousin, and Katherine Wh3rteman. 6 Torches to be burnt on 
Testator's Death-day, or Mind-day. A yearly Mind-day to be held for 7 
years after his death. Residue to his Wife.] 

(More, 3 Commissary Court of London, leaf 209.) 

M. Ripam.i Testamentum Ricarc^i Whitemafi, [In margin.] 

In y* name of good' Amen, the xxij day of January, In the 
yere of oui* lord Anno domini W CCCC"" xxviij»°, I Richard 
Whytemaw, Citezein and wexchaundelei' of London, In my good 
mynde beyng*, y make my testament in this wyse : First y be-qnethe 4 
my soule to attmyhty god my creatour, oui^ Blessid virgine Marie, 
and to alle the Seintes, and my Body to be beried wher* god wofl yn 
my parisshe chirche. Also y be-quetbe to fe hye Auter for my 
OfFryng*, yef eny be for-yeten, vj s' viij d. Also y be-quethe to the 8 
wherk of the Itt of the toon) side of the Cloistere in the Chirchehawe 
whan J)e parisshens be-gynnen to Edifie hit, vj a* viij d. Also y wott 
that myne Executowrs hold & parfownne fortli my deuouaciowns 
fortfi as I was wonte, that ys to seyn, on mydsome?* eve to-fore seint 12 
lo&n Bap^wte in my parisshe chirche, ordeyne a tapre of half A 
pound, & fat it brenne as longe as hit woff [for woti] dure, and J)U8 
euerj yer aftir my decesse ; Also to-fore seint lohn Ewangelist in the 
seyd chirche, thei ordeyne euery yere iij tapr»^s of a pound, to brenne 16 
frome ye Even fortR as longe as they wott dure, and thus euery yei' 
after my decesse ; Also to-fore oure ladi in Senct Marie ChapeH in 
the seid chirche, pei ordeyne I Tapre of a pounde, to brenne euery 
even of oure lady, and y day as atte salue, & euery principal! day, 20 
as longe As hit woH dure ; and fus for to be don from yere to yere. 

^ St. Michael, in the ward of Queenhithe. Church in Thames St. 
R. B. WILLS. O 



82 EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1428, RICHARD WHTTEMAN. 

Also y bequethe and yeve to Symkyn Whitehed, my Russet 
Candelstykes, and I paire Candelstekes secu/idaries next ))Oo. Also y 
be-quethe to lofen Hewet, loynowr, my cosyn, so pat he take fe 
4 Charge of this testament, vj s*. viij d. Also y Bequethe to Kat^rine 
Whyteman, to her* mariage, x marc<, the whiche Katerine, whith the 
mony, be in the kepynge and Gouemance of myne Executowrs aft^r 
whriten, to tyme sche come to ful age, And y-maried. And yif sche 
8 dye with-Inne age, y wott pat J)* .x. marc be put to a prest to synge 
in J)* seid Chirche by a yere for me & AH Cristen soulis. Also Aft^r 
my decesse I woH pat my best candelsteke y-gylt with pe cros, be sold 
yn Jje best manure pat my executowrs konne or may, saf y woH that 

12 Syniken a-forseid, And he wott, haue hem A-fore eny othir man, he 
p/or be] .xl s'. better chepe fanne eny other man woll yeve fere-fore, 
be [for he] to have ther-of resonable daies of paieme/it ; and with the 
whiche mony I woS pat myne ExecutoMrs parfowrme this my testa- 

16 mewt. Also y woS that myn Executowrs ordeyne, the day of my 
dyyng* or of my mynde, vj torches brenyng* ; & after ait the service 
ys done, I woH be-quethe I torche eccle^ie me[e] parochiali ; I, ecclesie 
de Wondes worth ; ^ .T. to seint mildred chirche ; ^ I, to seint Nicholas 

20 01off;3 i^ to Garlekhithe Chirche;* I, to Tnnite chirche.^ Also .y. 
bequethe to Simkin aforseid all my mooldes & instrumentt^ to my 
craft longyng*, after my decesse and my wiues. Also y wolle pat 
myne executowrs, vij yere after my decesse, holdyn twelf monthes 

24 mynde. the residue of aH my goodes mevable, (after pat my wiH, my 
be-questes of this testeme^it be parfowrmed, and my dettes principali 
de [for be] paid,) y. yeve & be-quethe to Alice Whitman my wif, 
where-so-euer pat jjei ben. to fis my testament y make myne 

28 ExecutoMrs, ))• seid Alice principale, lohn Hewet, and Symken 

* Wandsworth, Surrey, near London. 

' Bread Street, in the city : see John Toker's Will, 1428, p. 77 abuv, 
' St. Nicholas Olave, on the West side of the street cald Bread St. Hill, 
tuning down to the Thames, where our worthy friends and printers, Clay and 
Taylor, hav their London hous of business. See Stow's Survey, 1633, p. 399 a. 

* In the Vintry Ward : "the Pari'^h Church of Saint lames, called at GarlicJce 
HU\ or Garlicke hive^ for that (of old time) on the River of Tharnes, neere to 
this Church, Garlicke was usually sold." — Stow's Survey y 1633, p. 262 6. 

* In Knight-Riders Street, Queen-Hithe Ward, near Thames St. — Stow 
(1633), p. 297. 



EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1428, WALTER NEWENT. 83 

aforseid, executowrs with hei* ; and sir^ WilliaTTi "Wright perosone of 
my parische chirche, ou^rseer of f is my testament ; to ))e wheche sir^ 
William, y yeve for his travaiH, to do })*■ travaile, xl (J. In witnesse 
of whiche thyng*, to this present I haue put to my seaH in fe day and ^ 
yer aforseid. 

Probatum fuit hoc presens teatamentum corawi nobis WilleZmo 
Stonham & c«, x® kalendanim Marcij, Anno domini suprad^cfo & c*. 
Commissa que est administractb &c & IStxeciitaribua & &. 8 



WALTER NEWENT, ? of St. Pancras, 

LONDON, 1428. 

[To be buried where he dies. All goods to go to his Wife.] 

(Luffenam, If. 78 bk.) 

Tesiamentum Walteri Newent. [In margin.] 

Tn dei nomine amen. This J>e testament of Water K"ewent, y-writen 
-*- in londen )>e xxviij day of lune fe :jere of oure lord M'cccc 
xxviij. First, I beqwethe my soule to almyghty god, and to oure lady, 
and to aH f e holy company of heuefi, and my body to be beryed 12 
in what churchward ther as I dye in fe parissfi. Item I beqwethe att 
maner of godw to my wyf Alsofi Newent, and she forto do me like as 
she wolde I dede for hei* in J)e same cas. witnes of fis simple 
testament, lonet Arguston, Master "Richard Granger parson of seint 16 
Pancras, William Botelei^, W. Croddisfi., Porter, and Alsoii Walsyng- 
ham; ^and ferto I point my signet and my syne manueti / Pro- 
batum fuit presens testaTwen^wm coram Magistro lohawne Lyndefeld, 
Commissano &C, xyj die mensts Decembm, Anno domim supradic^c>, 20 
et commissa est administracio bonon^m && Alicie, Eelicte diet/ 
def uncti, & Executn'ci Ss&, Reseruata potestate &&, 

leaf 79. 



O 2 



84 HARLMST BNOLISH WILM. 1430, HABT VAN 8ANDWTK. 



HART VAN SANDWYK, op St. Clements, 

LONDON, 1430. 

[Gifts to St Clement's Church. Goodsi &c. to Jn. Roode, and Troyde 
his wife.] 

(More, 8 Com7. Crt of London, If. 258, bk.) 

Clementw.* Testamentum Henric* Van Sandwyk. 

In J»e name of god, Amen. The xxij day of Nouember, J)e 3er of 
oure lorde M CCCC and xxx, I Hary Vafl Sandwyk, make and 
ordeyne my testament in fys manor, beynge in fol discrecton And 

4 hool mynde : Ferst .1. be-quefe my soule to Almyghti god, J>e 
blessyd viigine Marie, And to alle the Seintis, My body to [be] 
beried in pQ chirche 3erd of Sent dementis. Also I be-que))e to 
heigti Auter of pe seicJ cherche, for tif ingys and offeringes for3ete, 

8 XX cl. Also y be-quef e to J>e body of fe same cherche iij s* iiij (J. 
Also .1. be-quefe lohn Eoode and Troyde hys wyf, Alle myne 
houshol^, and in mony yj s. viij (i. And to ]>ys testament I make 
And ordeyne myne executour, \>e for-seid lo&n Roode. 
12 Probatum fuit pre^ens testamentum. Coram nobw, Stephano 
Germen, Commissario general*, & c*, iij kalendarum Decembn^, Anno 
Domiid supradicto. Cowmissa executor* in dicto nomi7?ato & c — 
compa?Tiit. 

^ St. Clements, *'East Cheap, Clement's-lane, Lombard-street. A church in 
Candlewick-ward, destroyed in the great fire, and rebuilt by Sir Christopher 
Wren as we now aee it. Bishop Pearson (d. 1686) was rector, and in the old 
church (described by Stow as 'small' and 'void of monuments') preached 
those sermons upon the Creed which led to his well-known Exposition — a 
standard book in English divinity, dedicated by its author * to the right wor- 
shipful and well-beloved, the parishioners of St. Clement's, Eastcheap.' " — 1850. 
Cunningham's Hand-hook of London, 



EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1430, ALTS OHIBOHS* 85 



ALTS CHIRCHE, WIDOW, of St. Maet Hill, 

LONDON, 1430. 

[To be buried at Twickenham. Gifts to b'ghts in Twickenham Church, 
to Twick, and Kingston Bridges, Wyke Causeway, and Harlington Church. 
Sd. each to two Folk. Household necessaries to R. Soler. Residue for 
Husband's soul, and Testatrix's.] 

(More, 3 Commissary Court of London, leaf 262.) 

Testamentum Alioie Cbircfi, de parochia beate Marie Atte Hille^. 
[between Billingsgate & East Cheap, London.] 

In the name of* cure lor^ god, Amen. I, Alys Chirche, beyng 
in full meride, be-quetfi my sowle to Almygfity god, to cure lady 
seint Marie, and to all the Blyssid corTipany of* hevyn). And my body 
to be byried in the ChircB yerd? of* Twykenham.^ Al-so y be-quetH 4 
to the hie Autowr, xij (J ; Al-so to our' lady lyght, vj <J ; Item to the 
rede 3 lyg^t, vj d?; Item to seint Mergret lyg£t, iiij d; Item to seiut 
Colas lygfit, iiij cJ; Item to Twykenham brygge* iiij <J; Item to 
Kyngston) bri.gg«j^ vj d ; Item to the cansy atte Wyke,® iiij d; Item 8 
to the Chirche of* Herdyngton),^ ij BuscheH barly ; Item to Water 
Kykar^ I b^ [= bushell] Barly ; Item to lonet Carter, vj d ; Item to 
Thomas, Myne seruant, vj S ; Item to Richard Soler* alle necessarijs 
longynge to housolcJ of* dede store, saue a grete brasse potte. And 12 

1 In this St. Mary Hill Lane ('commonly called Rood lane') is the faire 
Parish Church of S. Mary, called on the Hilly because of the ascent from 
Belinsgate.— Stow's Survey, 1633, p. 227 a, 

' In Middlesex, 10 miles from London, on the S. Western Rail, and the bank 
of the Thames. The earlier spelUngs of the name are Tiinttenham (791, 948 
A..D.) and Twitham (840). — Thome, Environs of London, 

* ? Rode, Cross. 

* Probably the bridge over the Colne, near the present railway station. 

* Over the Thames, at Kingston, Surrey. 

* An outlying part of Twickenham (?). Most country villages have their 
* wick.' We had one at my native Egham. 

' Harlington, Middlesex, now a quiet rural village at the N.W. end of 
Hounslow Heath. In Domesday Book it was ^ HerdvnJUyne* and was cald 
Hardington till near the end of the 16th century. — Thome, Environs ef lAmdon, 



86 BABLIBST ENGLISH WILLS. 1430, RICHARD GRAVELBT. 

AUe the Residue of* my godys nou3t byqwothin, I yeue and ordeigne 
to Richarcl Soler^ and Roger Yelot, myne executowrs, that they 
dispose it for my hosbondys so vie and myn), and alle Cristen, 
'^ as them best seme to doon). Wry ten) at Twykenham, the seconde day 
of" ApriS, the yere off" our* lorcJ M* iiij^ & xxx, 

Probatum fiiit ^reseua testa?n«?i^Mm coram nobw, Stephano 
Grermen, Reuerewdi in Christo patris et daww'ni, dommi WilleZmi, dei 
3 gra^ta Londonie ^piscopi, in Ciui^ate Londonte ac decanatt^ MiddZe- 
sexte & BQTki7ig, & c*, Commissar^o generali, xiiij 'kalendarum Marcij, 
Anno domlni sup^-ad/c/o. Commisaarque fuit Admintstracto dicti 
defunct! & & 'Execatoribua in eodem testa7/ien^o nomi7iatt9, Ac per eos 
12 Admissa. 



RICHARD GRAVELEY, OF LONDON, GROCER, 1430. 

[To be buried in the Porch of All-Hallows, Barking. A Horse, 2 gold 
Nobles, and 6 silver Spoons, t% W. Graveley. £2 to wife's Servant. £20 
for Daughter's marriage. Residue to Wife.] 

(More, 3 Commissary Court of London, If. 265, back.) 
Omnium Sanctorum^ Berkyng.^ Testamenium Ricarrfi Graveley. 

In the name of* god, Amen. I Richard Graweley^ of* London), 
Grocer*, ordeyn) And graunte my testament in this maner : Ferst y 
bequeth my sowle to our* lor(J god Almyghty, maker of" hewne and of* 

16 yerth, praeyng* and besekyng* oui* la<ly seynt Mary, the modyr of* 
our* lord! Ihesu, & ati: the company of hevne to pray for me to oui* 
lorcJ Ihe^u our* savyowr, tha[t] y may haue mercy and foryevenysse of" 
synne. Al-so y bequeth my body to be byriyd in y porche of* the 

20 Churche of at Halewyn), Berkyng*, by syde the towre of* London), on 

* This church was one of the few London ones not burnt in the Great Fire. 
' It was too far to the East. The Monument (1546 A.n.) of Wm. Thynne, the first 
Editor of Chaucer (1532, 1542), is still in the Church. — Stow's Survey, 1633, p. 
130-1. Bp. Fisher and Archbp. Laud were buried here. The whole building 
had a narrow escape at the Great Fire, for, as Pepys records, the dial and porch 
were burnt, and the fire there quenched. The church is at the East end of 
Tower-street. — Cunningham. 

' The w in the name is the same as v : cp. ' hewne ' (»=" ' hevne/ line 17, 
heaven), 2 lines below. 



EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1431, WILLIAM FITZ-HARRT. 87 

the sowtil syde of the chirc^ Al-so y be-quethe to my brother 
William Graueley of* London) an hors, y whic& ys in hys own) 
kepyng*, & ij nobles of* golde the whicfi he owid me, and vj sylver 
spones, and an olde sylQUi^ for a bedde. Al-so I bequetfi to Margaret^^ 4 
Knoston), my wyves seruawnt, xl s'. Al-so y bequetfe to my 
doughtowr Kateryn) xx ii to hir maryage yf* she leve so longe, & yf« 
she passe to god or she [be] maryed, y woli that my wyf haue that 
money. And yf" my wyf* and my dowghtozir deye or [leaf 266] they^ 8 
be marled, I wili pat pat money be yefen) in Almys for my sowle, & 
for here sowle. and AH the Remenent of* my gode & CateH, y 
bequeth to my wif*. And vpon) this testament y make And ordeyne 
my wyf* and lohn) Abbey to be myn) Executowris, to dispose my 12 
gode, and to performe my wille. As they wille Answere a-for god. 

Trohsiium fuit pre^ens testamentum coram nobis, Stephano 
Germen), Co/wmissano & c, viij kahndarum Februani, Anno domini 
Millesimo CCCC™° xxx. Commissa-qwe administracto lohawwi Abbey, 16 
Eesaruata 'potesi&ie committendt Admin/strac?.o/£em Executrici cam 
aduenerit, & c. 



WILLIAM FITZ-HARRY, of Cosra Lane, 

LONDON, 1431. 

[£50 for a Priest to sing 6 years for Testator's soul ; and £10 for 
another to say 30 Masses and St. Gregory's Trental for a year. £10 
for a Tomb. Stone to be carvd with crest, and *Word* (or Motto) 
" Mercy and Joy.*' £10 to Poor. Money-gifts to Executors, (fee. Wife 
to have House in Cosin Lane, and 3 fourths of all goods ; Brother, the 
other fourth.] 

(More, 3 Commissary Court of London, If. 285, bk.) 
Testamejitum WilleZmi Fitz Harry. [In margin.'] 

In the name of* the holy blissed Trinite, oure souerayn lady 
seynt Marie, and aH holy Seyntes, Amen. I, William Fitz-Harry, 20 
beyng yn goode heale and yn my f att wittes, make my testament yn 
this manere : First y bequethe my soule to god, my verry lor(J and 

? Wife die before daughter, and daughter before she's marrid. 



88 EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1431, WILLIAM FITZ-HARRY. 

Bauyoure, for to abyde his gracious ordenaunce and marcy, and my 
body to be buryed there as he hath of his grace ordeynedf ; and to 
that place y yeue x ti of gold. And y will, ther synge v. yere for me 
4 and for tho that y am most bonnde to pray fore, a trewe prest, and 
that y witt it be Frere William, if* it be so that he haue sikerly leve 
of his ProvyncyaH and of* his house ; and elles, y will haue the best 
lyver that may be y-geteii : and y vville this prest haue ech yere x ti, 
8 that is to say, in v. yere, 1 'ti ; and y will haue done for me the first 
day after that my soule ys passed, xxx** messes yn the wyae of a 
trentaH of seynt Gregorie; and when this is done, y will the best 
prest that may be founde, sey for me the saide trentaH, with the hole 

12 diriges, and aR the seriiice thurgh-out the yere, and the prest to haue 
X ti. And y will, that on my body be laide a faire stone of Marble 
with my creste, myn armes, my vanturs, in blewe, reede, and white, 
and my word ** mercy and ioie ", to which word I take me fully for 

16 euermore. the price of« the stone schalle be x ti ; and y will that my 
parish chirches haue all here duetees. And y will there be delt for 
me yn hast to poure folke, x H. And y make myne executoMrs, my 
wyf, my brother sir John) Fitz- Harry, Maister Thomas Morstede, 

20 Frere William Croland, Benet Maliot, and Eobert Home. And y 
yeue to Maister Thomas, x mart ; and to Frere William, for he ys 
poure, X mark* and his pece ; And to Benet, for his pouert and long* 
trewe seruice, xx ti ; and to Robert Home xx mark*, and to Thomelyn 

24 X mark*. And y yeue Robert Pokyng*, x mark* ; And y yeue to 
Robert Fulman, x mark* ; to John Hale, v. mark* ; to Bussh, xx s' ; to 
Phelippe, xx »'; to lonet Wyntryngham, 'xx mark*; to Anneys 
Mytton atte lyon), x ti ; to Maude Wilbe, xx ti, so am y swome ; to 

28 lenet Rye, x mark* ; to Tenet of Rone, v. mark*, and when aH this is 
paied and done, and my wille fulfilled, I wiH [leaf 286] my wyf* 
haue myn> hous in London), with aR the rentes that y haue in 
Cosynlane.^ Than wiH I that all manere of* goodes that y haue, or be 

32 owyng to me in ony wyse, it ys my wille that my wyf* [haue] alwey 

* * East from this DotongcUe, is Cosin lane, named of one William Cosin, 
that dwelled there in the fourth of Richard the second, as divers his predecessoi-s, 
Fathers, Grandfathers, &c. had done before him.' — Stow's Survey ^ 1633, p. 
249 h. * DownegcUe, on the Thames, and is so called, of that downe-going or 
descending thereunto. '—i&. p. 24S a. Dowgate and Walbrook are in it. 



BABLIBST ENGLISH WILLS. 1431, RICHARD TYRELL. 89 

thre parties, and my brother str lofin the forth part, that is, pleinly 
to sey, of* ecS iiij.° mark*, my wyf* haue to haue iij°. mark*, and my 
brother C mark*, and of alle myn executoz^rs that y haue rehersedf 
afore, whiche y haue chosyn, for trewe perfit loue I require hem and 4 
charge hem, as they wol answere afore oure lord on the hie day of 
lugement, that they trewly and fully fulfiUe all my wille and myn 
entent abouewriten : and this y aske of thaym, that they do this 
trewly and kyndely, for the loue and at the reuerence of* aH-myghty 8 
ih6^ yn whos mercy and grace I pntte me holy, bot& body and 
sonle, for euermore, Amen. That this ys fully my last witi, I sette 
ther-to my sygne manuell:. 

Probatum fuit presens testamentum coram nobis, lohanne DrueH, 12 
Commissario &c*, vj" Idiis Septembri^, Anno domim Millemno 
CCCC*"® xxxj*; CoTTimissaqt^ fuit admimstracio Elizabethe, relicte 
diet* defunctt, lohanrei Fitz-Harry, Magisiro Thome Morstede^ [& 
Eoberto Home iiiterlined\^ enofixxioribua in) dicto testam^Ti^o nominatts 16 
& c*, Keseruata potestate nobi^ committendi onus admimstracio7zis 
bonon/m huiusmodi Alijs coexecuton'Z^t^^ inte9ius nominatis cum 
venerint & c». com^ruU coram nobi^ xviij® die Nouembrw, Anno 
supradic/o, Benedictt^ Maleot, & onus administractonis oomrmaaum 20 
fuit sibi 



RICHARD TYRELL, ? OF STOKB-DABERNON, 

SURREY, 143L 

[To be buried at Sopwell, Herts. Gifts to Sopwell Church and its 
Nuns; to the Friars of Guildford, and Roodloft of Stoke. Residue to 
Executors and Wife, for Testator^s Soul. He writes his Will.] 

(Register Luffenam, If. 106 bk.) 
ToAiamentum Ricarc?i Tyreti, Armigeri. [In margin,'] 

In dei nomine amen. I Richard! TyreH, being in helt& and good 
mynde, ordeyne and make my testament in this wise : First I 
^ Morsted was a Doctor, says Mr. Chalenor Smith. 



90 EABLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1431, KICHABD TTIitELL. 

bequethe my sinfutt soule to god almyghty, to his moder blessed 
Marye, and to aB. the holy seintea in heuon, and my body to 
be buried in the chirche of SoppeweH.' Also I bequethe for 
4 leparacion of the sayd chirch and place, where most nede is, x 
marc< ; Also to the Noflfies of the saidf chirc^, egally to be departed 
among hem, to pray for my soule, x marc; Also to the Freres 
of Gilford,^ Ixyj s', viij d; Also for reparacion of the chirc&, 
8 and specially jje rodelof te of Stoke,^ C s*. The remenaunt of my good 
I glfife and bequethe to Willtam Estfeld, Mercer and Alderman 
of Londefi, Dame Alionore HuH, Eoger HusewyfEe, prest, and 
to Amy my wyfe, whom I make Executours of my testament and my 

12 last win, to do and dispose for profite and wel of my soule aftir ther 
discreciown. And also I woH that stV Mcholi Dixofl, Clerk, have the 
suruewe * of my said Executours. In wittenes of the which thing I 
haue putte ther-to my seeti. Writen atte StokDabernoun ^ the xxvj 

16 day of Maij, the regne of kyng Harry the Tj aftir conquest, the 
ix jere, and of oure lord of Heuen a M* cccc & xxxj. writen with myn 
owen bond / Probatuw fuit presens testamew^wm coram 'M.agistro 
loha/ine Lyndefeld, Co/wmissarzo &c, die mensi^ lulij. Anno diomini 

20 supradicto ; et commissa est admiTjistracio honotum &C 'EsLetc^utoribus 

in eodem noxmnMs ; ac xxiij die mensts Septembritf acquieta^t f uerunt 

Execwfore* &c. 

1 In Hertfordshire, near St. Albans. * In Surrey. 

' Probably the Stoke near Guildford. * Overseeing, oversight. 

* Stoke-Dabemon (Dalberon, or Daborn), Surrey, between Cobham and 
Fetcham, near the river Mole. — Walker's Oaaetteer, 



EARLIB8T BNOLISH WILLS. 1431-2, ISABEL OBBOOBY. 91 



ISABEL GREGORY, OF HACKNEY, 1431-2. 

[Gifts of a Table-cloth to the high altar of Hackney Church ; of a Bed, 
Mattrass, Sheets, Pot, Pan, Buffet, 2 Cushions, Gowns plain and furd, 
Kirtle, Wood, Coal, Chest, Barrel, Fire-pan, Fonn, File, Chest, and 
6 Hens.] 

(More, 3 Commissary Court of London, leaf 296 bk.) 

Teatamentum Isabel Gregory de Hakeney.^ [In margin^] 

I, Isabel Gregory, I be-quethe my soule to god Almygthy, and to 
owre lady sent Mary, and aH the company of h.euen, & my body to 
be beryit in sent AustynyschercKhawe of Hakeney. I be-quethe the 
hey aut^ a bord-clotfi is iij 3erdy8 of lenthe or mor, (the totJier is xj 4 
3erdy8 of lenthe). also I be-quethe the bed that I lyin in, to Aneys 
New-kole, saf the mat^ras: that schaH Idany Hale haue. I 
be-quethe to (o^n of the spetiH, a schete, and'^a bras pot of a galofi, 
and an old panne, al-so I be-quethe the [same] Idany a bofet ;^ and to 8 
the same Idony, ij cosyonys. also I be-quethe to lone my dowter, a 
blew goune and a grene kyrtyH, and a schete. al-so I be-quethe to 
I [so] Idany of the spetifl, my wode and my Cole, also, I make and 
ordeyne that Witt Seluester haue the gou^maunce. of aH other godys 12 
that I have be-syde, I make a fre 3efte to Witi Seluester to selle, and 
to jeve for my soule and a& Ciystyne soulys, in the best maner that 
may ben) ordeynyt. al-so I be-quethe to louet Seluester a blake cote, 
furryd. aHso I be-quethe to Thomas 'FoTmsjmis wyf a russet gounne 16 
lynyt wit^ whythe blanket, also to Idany Hale a cloke and a gounne 
of russet, furrit ; also in esement of Idany and of lo^ of the spetyli, 
for Almys I lent hem, a chest, and a Yergyous baroll, and a fyerpanne, 
and a forme, and a pot of bras, with a vyle, and a f orser ^ vfith loke 20 
and kye, and vj hennys. 

TrohsLtwn fnit prasens teatamentum coram nobis, lohanne Drueli. 

^ Then a village N. of London ; now part of it. 

* Fr, * buffet: m. A court-capboord, or high-standing cupboord.' — 1611. 
Cotgrave. 

* Ital. *forziere, a chest, a forcet, a coffin, a casket, a cabinet' — Florio. 1598. 



92 EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1432-S, BIOHARD GRAY. 

Commissarw &c«, x* die lanuawt, anno domim M} CCCC"^ xxxj. Et 
commissa fuit Admintstraa'o WUlehno Seluester, ex.ecutori intarius 
nominato. 



RICHARD GRAY, OP ST. BARTHOLOMEWS, 

LONDON, 1482-3. 

[To be buried in St. Bartholomew's Church, with 4 Tapers and 
4 Torches. All Goods to Executors, for Testator's Soul. (Nothing 
to Wife and 2 Sons.)] 

(More, 8 Com7. Court of London, If. 840 bk.) 

Bartho^omei. Testamentum Eicaid» Gray. [In margin.'] 

4 In the name of god, Amen. I, Rycliard Gray, not hole of body 
but hole in myndf, mak my testamewt cowcemyng my last wyH in thia 
wyse : I be-quetfi <fc geue my sowle in-to the h.ondy8 of ourc lore? 
Ihe^u Crist', & to oure lady seynt Mary, and to Peter & Powle & seynt 
8 Bertylmew, & to aH the ApostolW, cowfessors virgyri) & Ma^-ters, and 
to aH tlie company of heuen), and my body to be beryed a-for the 
trinite autre in chirche of seynt Bertylmew.' And y wyH, as 
towchyng* my bryngyng on) ertfi, to be takyn) of the hole goodes that 

12 is my owne, & that ther be a-bowt my body iiij tapers & iiij torches, 
& that tli&r be geuen) vn)-to the conuent vj s. viij d? for to pray for me 
to oui* lor(J Ihesu cryst*. And as towchyng to aS my goodes 
mevealble [so] & vnmevable, to dispose ham), I mak & ordeyne vn-to 

16 my executer, my wyiff* Anneys, & my lord? sii* William Couentre, 
pn'oi* of seynt Bertylmew ^ in Westsmythfeld in London), for to 

1 In Sinithfield, not in Broad st. Ward. * Next is the Parish Church of Saiut 
Bartholomew, at the end of Bartholomew Lane.* — Stow's Survey, 1633, p. 191 a, 

* The * Priory of St. Bartholomew^ founded also by JRahere, a pleasant witted 
Gentleman ; and therefore in his time called the King's Minstrell, about the 
yeere of Christ, 1102. . . To this Priory, King Henry the second granted the 
priviledge of a Faire to bee kept yeerly at Bartholomewtide, for three daies . . . 
to the which the Clothiers and Drapers of London repaired, and had their 
Boothes and standings within the Church-yard of this Prioiy.' — Stow's Survey^ 
1633, p. 418 a, 419 a. 



EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1433, JOHN BABNET. 93 

dyspose the same goodes to lieltH and saluacion) of my sowle, as tham 
semyth best to be don), wyttenessyng* Maister lobn) Wylbury, 
dwellyng in Ive Lane^ besyde seynt Powles, & Syr loii) Venys, 
chanon) of Seynt Bartilmew, & my ij sonnys BicTiard & lohn) : 4 
wrytfcyn ^^e vij day of Marcfe, the ^ere of our» lord a thowsand iiij° 

xxxijo. 

Probatwm fuit p/v^6ns testamen^Mm coram nobw, I d ; vltimo die 

Marcij, Anno dommi Mcccc xxxiij^ cowimisso-qwe fuit administrocio 8 

Agneti, relicts eiusdem, resemata pote^te committend-de domino 

WillfiZmo Couentre cum venerit. 



JOHN BARNBT, OF LONDON, DRAPER, 1433. 

[Gifts of Ss. ^d, each to 3 Churches, and of Gowns to poor Tenants. 
Blood-red gown to be sold for Testator's soul.] 

(Moi«, 8 Corny. Court of London, If. COC liij«.)J 

Te^^am^n^um Iohanni« Barnet. \In margin,'] 

In the name of god, Amen. The xvj day of the monyth of April, 
the yere of ouwr lord Ih^.^ Crist Millesimo cccc xxxiij, I lohn 12 
Bamet, Citezin and draper* of London), beyng in good mynde and in 
hool resoun), make my testament in forma sewyng' : flfyrst I beqwethe 
my sovle to god Almyghty, and to hys moder the gloriow^ virgyn ou:/r 
lady seynt Marye, and ^ the holy seynt»5 of hevene, And my body 16 
to be beryed where the Aviso is of myn executot/rs. And I make 
myn executowrs, Marie my wyif, and my sone Richard, Marie to be 
evermore myn executrice principaH,^ And no thyng* to be dymened 
a^ens here wille. And I be-qwethe to the chirche of seynt Petris, iij s 20 
iiij d ; and to Bamet chirche,^ iij s* iiij d ; And to Monkc« chirch,* iij s* 

^ Ivy Lane, near Paternoster Row : ' Next is Ivie Lwm, so called of Ivie 
growing on the walls of the Prebends houses.* — Stow, p. 388 a. 

' In margin, as to Executors, * hadent acqt^ietonoam.' 

* Barnet, in Middlesex, and Hertfordshire, 11 miles N. by W. of London. 

^ Monkenchurch or Monken (Monks') Hadley, now Hadley, adjoins Hamet, 
Middlesex, on the N. — Thome's Environs of London^ i. 266. See Notes, below. 



94 EARLIEST ENGUSH WILLS. 1433, WALTER MANGBARD. 

iiij (>. Also I beqwethe to my poore tenaunt^, my govnys [to] be 
partyd softer the devys of myn executours aboveseyd, evericfi of hem a 
govne. Also I wiH that my sangvyn govne be sold, & do for my sovle. 

4 In wytnesse of the which, I have put to this present testament my 
seal : wytnesse of this testament, sira Eichard Seynour, Simond Cake, 
"Richard Derby, clerk, T>a.tedy jero & day aboveseyd. ProbatMW && 
coram I d. xxij® die Aprils, Anno supradicto, & oommissa Adminis- 

8 ttacio executoribus & &. 



WALTER MANGBARD, COOK, OF LONDON, 

AND SUSSEX, 1433. 

[To be buried in St. Bride's, Fleet St. Gifts to the High Altar and 
Works of St Bride's ; to little Watkin, testator's Godson and Servant ; to 
a Brewer, a debt ; and to his son, a gown ; to the Fraternity of Cooks, 
13s. 4d. Beasts in Sussex to be sold for Hurstpierpoint Church. Residue 
to Wife.] 

(More, 3 Com^. Court of London, If. 380.) 

Testamentum Walteri : Mangeard?. [Lower dotoriy in margin!] 

In the name of god, so mot hit bee : the xiiij day of the Monethe 
of Marche, the yere of oure lord god M? CCCC xxxiij% I, 
Walter Mangeardf, Citesen and koke of Londofi, make & 
12 ordeyne my pj'esent testament of my last wyH in this maner : fyrst I 
beqvethe & recomende my soule to almyghtti god, Sc to oure ladi seynt 
Mary, & to alle the seynte* in heuene. And my body to be beried in 
the chirche yerde of seynt Bri^de in Fletestrete.^ Item y bequethe to 
16 the hie auter of the same chirche for my offeryngtw & my dutys 
leuyng ^ bihynde vnpayecJ, xij (J. Item y bequethe & jeue alle the 
dettes thet lohn Hille, Armorer, owyth me, to the chirche werkes of 
seynt Brides Afore-seyde, and thet the sey($ dettes be contented & 
20 payed to the seyd? chirche werkes be the seyd lohn, and thet anone 

^ Near Bride Lane, and the old Bride-well, dedicated to St. Bridget or St. 
Bride. See Stow's Survey, p. 437 a, and Hughson's fFaJ^s th/ro* London, 1817, 
i. 159. Church burnt in the Great Fire, 1666, and rebuilt by Sir C. Wren. 

' remaining. 



EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1433, WALTER HANOBARD. 95 

af tur my desese. Item I bequethe & ^eue aS the dette thet Wilh'am 
Lacy, Tayler, oweht me, to the seyde chirchewerkes, for to be con- 
tentedf & payed to the seyd werkes in the forme foreseyc?. Item y 
bequethe to litiS Watkyn), my Godsone & my seruant, x markea 4 
sterlynges.^ Item y foryeve & relese Walter Floode, Brewer, aA the 
dette thet he oweht me. Item y bequethe to lohn Floode his sone, 
oon) of my govnes longyng to my body, suche as myii) executowrs 
wyH deliuere. Item y be-quethe to the fratemyte of my crafte of 8 
cokes, xiij s*. iiij d. Item y bequethe & yeue alle the meuable 
CateH of bestafl thet y haue in Sussex' in the parehce of Perpoynt- 
hurst,2 to the chirche werk»»s ther, & thet they haue my soiile 
in mynde, & thet the^ seyd BestaS be solde be the vice* of the 12 
paresshens ther, as for the most avice ^ of the seyd chirche werkes. 
The residue of alle my goodes & catelles, bothe quike & dede, 
mevable & vn-mevable, aftwr my bequestes fulfilled, & my dettis 
peyed, I yeue hem hoUi vnto Maude my wyf«, scho for to doo with 16 
hem hii* ovne fre wylle, wtt^-ovten lettyng or distwrbance of eny 
persone. To this present testment y make & ordeyne my trewe 
executot^rs, thet is to wete, the foreseyde Maude my wyff", principal! 
executrice, Thomas Hameys & Robert Andrewe coexecutoMrs, & I 20 
bequethe the seyd Thomas & Robert, yche of hem for here labowr 
X s'. In wytnes where-of, to this present testament y haue put to my 
sele. wreton) at Londofi the dai .& the yere afore seyde. 

ProbatMm fuit &c' coram I. D. xij die Maij, & Anno suprodicto, 24 
& commissa administraeio executoribz« supradictii? & c». 

^ In margin, as to Executors, ' hdbent axiquieianciam,^ 

' Harstpierpoint, N.W. of Lewes, near Twineham. * MS. the the. 

* voice. * opinion, judgment, benefit. 



96 BARL1BST ENGUSH WILLS. 1434, MABQARBTE ASSHCOMBB. 



MARGARBTB ASSHCOMBB, (ONOB BLONCIT) 
WIDOW, OP LONDON, 1434. 

[To be buried near the Dead-house of St. Paul's: 4 Priests and 
4 Torches at the Burial. Gifts to Pareon and Church of St. Mary 
Stayning. Gifts of a gold Ring with a ' Reason ' or Motto, and another 
with a Crucifix ; of a Gown and kirtle of Musterdevylers (grey woollen), 
&c. Residue for Testatrix's soul.] 

(More, 8 Commissary Court of London, leaf 410 back.) 

Testamentum : Margarete : Asshecombe : [/y^ 

margin^ lower down7\ 

Tn the name of god, Amen : I. Margarets Asshcombe, in good 

mynde, and hole of speche beyng*, make my testamente in this 

foime suyng* : fyrste y comande my soule to god almyghty, and my 

4 body to be beryed anenest the charneH ^ of Poules, in Pouleschirche- 

yerd, be-twyn toe trees nere by the berieH of my husbonde, sumtyme 

called lohn Bloncit. Also y bequethe to the Person of the churche 

of seynt Marie Stanyng* ^ in London, iij s' iiij d?. Also y bequethe to 

^ the makyng* or amendyng* of the seyde churche, iij s' iiij (J. Also y 

bequethe a shete to the seyde Chirche, to be peynted at the persons 

coste aforeseyde, forto hange to-fore ij auteres in the seyde Churche. 

Also y wyll haue iiij prestes to brynge me to my grave, takyng yche 

12 of hem iiij <J for there labowr. Also y wyH haue iiij torches brennyng, 
to brynge me to my grave, and ij tapres to stande at my hed while 
my body resteth in my hous of dwellyng* or in eny Churche. Also y 
bequethe to the wyf of William Oweyii) a ryng of golde wzt^ a ston, 

1^ & a reson^ ' sans departir..' Also y bequethe to the wyf of Willtam 

* Fr. ^Chamierj m. A Churchyard, or cha[r]nell house ; a place wherein 
dead bodies are layd, or their bones kept.* — 1611. Cotgrave. 

' * In Staining lane, of old time so called, as may bee supposed, of Painter- 
stainers dwelling there.* . . . 'There is the small Parish Church of Saint Mary, 
called Staining, because it standeth at the North end of Staining lane, in 
Aldersgate Ward.*— Stow, Suruey, 1633, p. 821. It was destroyd in the Great 
Fire of 1666, and not rebuilt. 

' reson = motto. 



EARLIEST ENQLISH WILLS. 1434, MABGARETE ASSHOOMBE. 97 

Hotofi my cosyn), a ryng of golde w^'t^ a crucifix abovne. also 
J be-quethe to Clemens, tbe woman that kepes^ me, a gowne of 
Musterdevylers,^ & a kyrtefi of musterdevylers with grene sleues, & 
an bode of blak of Inre,^ & an a ^ bod of blewe. AH the remenant* of 4 
my goodes, y wyti tbat they be solde, & truU don for my sowle, & the 
seyde busbonde, and aH my fryndes, as myne execntoures wyl 
answere at the laste rekenyng. and fortbermore to folfulla this my 
testamente and wyti, I ordeyne the sayde William Owen, & my 8 
Cosyn) William Hotofi, myne execntot^res. wreton the ij day of 
JS'ovembre th[e] yere of Kyng Hani the .vj** aftur the conqueste 
xiij*^*. to the wheche executoires, y bequethe eytber, x s' for bei* 
laboni'. alsoo y bequ[e]tbe to Aneys Copursmyifi a combe of yverie, 12 
& to Aneys hii' mayden, a rasset kyrteti furred wiiJi lambe. 

Probatum f uit presens testamentum coram nobis lohanne Chichele, 
in Decretis & &, xxiij^ die Mensis Nouembrts, Anno domini Millmmo 
GCCC™° tricesimo quarto &&; commissa fuit admi[ni]stracio execu- 16 
toriln^ intanus nomin&tis* 

^ looks after, sees to, serves. 

• The name is from Mustarde Vylers, Montiviliers in Normandy, where the 
stuff was made. (* In the mene whyle was the [city] of Roon, Mustarde Vylers, 
and Herflete, i-loste byfore Crystysmasse.*— Hen. VI. A® xxviij. 1449-1450.) It 
was *a kind of mixed grey woollen cloth, which continued in use up to 
Elizabeth's reign.' — Hall.'s ^2o«9. (? authority.) 

' ? Not Fr. hteu/r, ' brightnesse, luster.' Stratmann cites lure (from T. 
Wright's Specimens of Lyric Poetry ^ temp. Edw. II, p. 62) as a variant of 7de(yry 
leer, gencby fades. But we want another meaning. Compare 'grene alyre,* p. 
117, 1. 14 ; and * togam viridis coloris anglice grene lyre medley.' — Will of O. 
"Warner, 1490 ; * Blac of lyre.*— Will of J. Urban, 1421 (Register 'Marche ') ; 
* togam de Blakalyr' medeley.'— Will of J. Peese, 1487 (Register 'Milles'). 

« so in MS. 



E. E. WICLS. 



98 BABUEST ENOLISH WILUS. 143^, BOOKB BOBTOIT. 



ROGER BORTON, OP HACKNEY, MIDDLBSBX, 1434. 

[To be buried in St. Austin's, Hackney. Gifts to the Church Altar and 
Bells, and to mend the Parish Highway. A Bullock and a brass Pot to 
each of his 2 Daughters. Residue to Wife.] 

(More, 3 ComJ, Court of London, If. 412.) 
Testameiitum : Kogeri : Borton : [In margin, lower.'] 

Tn the name of god, Amen : THe xxv day of November, 

the yere of oui* lorde Millewmo CCCC"^ xxxiiij, I, Roger 
Bortofl of Hakeney,^ beyng* in good mynde, ordeyne & make my 

4 testaments in this maner : fyrst y betake my sowle to oure lord 
Ihe^u crisf, & to his moder seynt Mari, & my body to be beried in 
the Chircheyerde of the parecfi chirche of seynt Austyn) of Hakeney 
aboue seyde. Item y bequethe to the hye Auter of the same Churche 

5 XX A Item y bequethe to the reparacion of the Belles of the same 
Churche, xx A Item y bequethe to the Amendynge of the hye wey 
in the same paresshe, xx A Item y bequethe Agnes my dowghtwr, 
my Don BuUot, & I pot of bras of a galon. Item y bequethe Ciistian 

12 my dowghtwr, my red Bullok*, & a pot of bras of I galofi. And the 
Residue of my goodes & catelles, whatsoeuer they be, a,{tur my deitus 
ben payed, & this testamente fulf ulled?, I yeve & bequethe to AJysofl 
my wyf*; whiche Alisofi, of this testament* y make my chef" 

16 executrice, & Thomas Goodyng* of Hakeney hii* coexecutwr. These 
byn wytnesse : Thomas Goodyng^, Bichard Chapman, Adam Stam- 
brygge, lohn Burton, And other mo. wretofi the day and the yere 
above seyde 

20 Probatuw fuit presens testamentum coram nobis lohanne Chichele, 
in DecrettV Bacallat^reo Reuerewc^o &c c«, vij die Mensis Decembrw, 
Anno dommi supradicto &c c. commissa-qwe fuit Admiwistracio 
omnium bonorww && execTitoiibits interius nomiwatis. 

* Now part of London, on the North-east, abuv Bethnal Green. In 1817, 
says David Hughson, ** Hackney is a large village, two miles from London, and 
has several hamlets, as Upper and Lower Clapton, Daleston [Dalston], ShackleweU, 
and Homerton." — JFalka through LoncUni^ ii. 376* 



EABUEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1434, RAUF HETH. 99 



RAUF HETH, OP HACKNEY, MIDDLESEX, 1434. 

[To be baried in St Austin's, Hackney. Gifts to that Church, its 
Parish-Clerk, and Poor, and Highways. Wife to have House at 
Hackney for life, and then it is to go to Testator's two Daughters. If 
they die under age, House to be sold, and Money to go for Testator's 
Soul. Residue to Wife.] 

(More, 8 Comr. Court of London, If. 414.) 

Testamentum \ Radulphi ] Heth \ [In margin, lower down."] 

Tn the name of god, Amen : The yj day of December in 

the yere of cure Lorde Ihe^u crist M* CCCC xxxiiij**, And in the 
xiij" yere of the regne of Kyng* Henry the sexte, I Eauf* Heth of the 
paressh of Hakeney in the Counte of MiddZe^ea;, beyng* of good 4 
mynde, ordeyne & make my testament conteynyng* my laste wyti, in 
this wyse : Fyrsf, y bequethe and recoTwmende my sowle vnto 
almyghty god my maker and savyowr, and to his blissed modei* oure 
lady seint Marie, and to aH his seyntus, And my body forto be B 
beryed in the chircheyerdJ of the paressh chirche of sey[nt] Austyn) 
of Hakeney aboveseyA Item y be-quethe the hygh Auter of the 
same churche, xx c? ; Item to the werk* of the seyd churche, xx c? ; & 
to the paressh Clerk* of the same churche, xij A Item y bequethe to 12 
be distribute among* porefolk* of the same paressh, for my sowle, xx d. 
Item I be^t^the to the amendyng* of hyhe wayes in the same paressh, 
iij s' iiij (). Item y witi that, aftur my decese, Anys my wyf hane & 
reioyse duryng* her* lyf aH my mesuage, wit/i the curtylage and ati the 16 
appwrtenance, set & lyeng* in the paressh of Hakeney aboue seyde. 
And aftwr the deces of the same Aneys my wyf*, I wiH that the 
foresey($ messuage, wtt^ the curtylage, and aH the appz^rtenamicej, 
remayne to Katerine & lohane my dougheters, to haue and to holde 20 
to hem & to here heyres & assignej for euermore ; fforseen) alwey, 
that yf* the seyde Kateryne & lohane my doughtres dye wit/tinne 
laweful age, than) y woli that the seyd mesuage, yriih the curtylage 
and all the appurtenat^nt}, be solde by myne executot^rs. And the 24 

H 2 



100 EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1434, BOGEB BLMESLET. 

money therof* comyng* be desposed and distribute for my soule in 
werkes of almes, aitur the good discrecyon of myn) executoMrs. And 
the resydewe of ati my goodes & catalles, what-soeuer they bee, aitur 

4 my dettus byn) fuH payed, and this testamente fulfylled, y yeue & 
bequethe to the foreseyd Anys my wyf* ; wheche Aneys, of this 
testamente y make my chif* executrice, and lohn Borage hir^ 
coexecntowr ; and y bequethe to the same lohn Borage for his labowr 

8 ij s'. In wytnesse of whiche thyng*, to this my testamente y haue 
set my seeH. these been witnesses : Thomas Kuddok*, Bichard 
Austyn), lofin Batte, & other*, wrytoli & yoven) atte Hakeney the 
day & yere aboueseyd. 
12 Probatum fait testamentum supradictum coram nobis, lohanne 
Chichele, in Decrett9 Bacallarto & c, xxj° die Mensis Decembria, anno 
domim M^ CCCC zxxiiij*^ & &, commissa fuit administracio execa- 
toribus interius nominati^. 



ROGER ELMESLET, A WAXCHANDLER'S 
SERVANT, LONDON, 1434. 

[To be buried outside the Porch-Door of St. Margaret Pattens, L. Tower 
St., with his name on his Tomb-stone. Gifts of money and a Torch to the 
Church.. Gifts of Coals, Gown, Hood. To a Godchild, a Feather-bed, 
Blankets, Sheets, Pillows, Coverlets, Table-cloths, Towels, Napkins, 
Pewter Dishes and Sawcers, Cups, Silver Spoons, Basins, Candlesticks, 
eard Brass Pan, Banker, Cushions, Salt-cellar, Beads, Gilt Silver Crucifix, 
Ring with graspt Hands, Rack for roasting Eggs, Covercles, Table, Joint- 
stools, a Primer to serve God with, and a Coflfer. To others, Peacock 
Flivers (? feathers). Chests, Staff, Towel-roller, Chair, and Sconces. 
Symkyn Brownyng to look after the Godchild.] 

(More, 8 Comr. Court of London, If. 431 bk.) 
Testamentum : Rogeii : Elmesley : [In margin^ lower dovmJ] 

16 TN the name of the Fadei' and the sone & the Holi goost, Amen I 
•*• At the fest of seynt Nicolas & the translacion of seynt Andrews, 
of bothe translacion, that is to sei, the ix dai of Maij, the yere of owre. 
lord a thousand iiij hundred & xxxiiij / And the reyn) of oui' lege 

20 lord the kyng^ Harie the sexte of his conquest, the sg yer, I, Boger 



EARLIEST ENQLISH WILLS. 1434, ROGER ELMBSLET. 101 

Elmesley, seruant suwityme with lolm^ Bokeler*, wexchaundelei* of 
London, I tlie foreseyd Rogei*, in good hele of bodi & soule, & in good 
mynde, as y wiH answers a-fore god, make my testament, in this 
wise / first y bequethe my soule to god almygti of heuene, & to his 4 
blessed moder seynt Man, & to seynt Katerine, & to seynt Maigrete, 
and to an the holi compani of heuene, and my body to be beried 
Tnder the ston wit^ute the Dore of the porche,^ & my name wreton 
ther-on when y am ded. Also y bequethe to the werkes of the same 8 
churche of seynt Marget Patyns, iij s' iiij d, to haue my beryyng* ther, 
& the ston fre / Also i bequethe to the hi auter, of offeiynges 
foryeten, xx d ; Also to the klerk* of the forseyd churche, xij d // 
Alsoo the foreseyd churche, a torch of my torment, for to brenne eueTy 12 
Sondai at the leuacion at the hie masse // Also I bequethe to lohn 
Wodrof & Alison his wyf*, v quartzes of coles ; & to lohn "Woderof 
my beste goune & my beste hod, & the forre in the same goune, if so 
be that he leue that time ; Sc elles, sell hit, & do hit for the lone of 16 
god, & yeue to pore housholders in coles. More-oue?* y bequethe to 
Eobert Sharp goddis-child, a liteH fetherbed Ss ij peire smale shetes, 
& a peyre of large shetes goode, & a peire^ of blankettes, & ij goode 
pelewes, on large, & another lasse and feire ybored, & a whit couerlit 20 
& a red couerlit, & a good bordcloth with crosse werk, & another 
bordclotfi wit^ mylyngis ^ at the ton ende, in lenkethe ij jerdes ; & on 
halfe large, & I toweH of parys werk*, viij yerdes of lenkethe ] also too 
the beste sanapes,^ also a plate of peautre & ij disshes of peautre, & ij 24 
sauseres of peautre & ymarked w»t^ .R. and .S. ; moreouer a litil 
masei^ coppe, & I white coppe, & a spone of siluer^ wztA-out mark*, Ss 
a liteH baayn knopped, Ss iij candelstikg^ of latyn), & a litiH panne 
of brasse y-ered,^ and a chaufwr of bras, & a lytil posnet* of bras, & a 28 

* Of SL Margaret PoMens^ in Little Tower Street (p. 137), in BilKngsgate 
Ward. (p. 228) one other Lane, called S. Margaret Pattens, because of old time 
Pattens were usually made and sold : but of later time this is called Moode lane, 
of a Rood there placed, in the Churchyard of S. Margaret, whilest the old 
Church was taken downe, and againe new builded ; during which time, the 
oblations made to this Rood, were imployed towards building of the Church.-* 
Stow's Su/rvey, ed. 1633 A.D. 

* MS. a peire a peire. > ? millings, like those on the edge of a coin. 

* Sanape, rnanutergiiim, hand-napkin. Nominale, in Hall.'s Gloss, 

* With ears or handles. 



102 EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1434, ROGER ELMESLET. 

bankar of blewe & blak*, & iij quisshont^a of the same aolour 
yn-8toppe<) ; also a f eii' salt saler of peautre with a feyre knoppe ; also 
a peyre of* bedes of siluer wit^ a crucifix of siluar and y-gilt ; 
4 also a payra bedes of blak* gaudys of siluer & gilt, & a ryng^ ther-on 
-with clippyng^ of ij handes, siluir & gilt ; also a rake of yren forto rost 
on his eyren, also a litill couerkeH ^ for his coppe ygilti ; also a whit 
couerkell vriiJi roses & flourdeluces / also a litil tabel peyntedl 
8 trestelwlse ; also a litil loyned stoll for a child, & a nother loyned 
stofi, large for to sitte on, whanne he cometh to mannes state ; also a 
prymmei' for to serve god wit/i ; aHso a litel cof 2^r to putte in his 
Bmale thynges. Also i bequethe the same Kobard, to Symkyng* 

12 £rownyng<, Klerk*, to goddis woshup & soule hele / And also if the 
foreseyd Eobard die wztZt-ynne age, that the foreseycJ [If, 432] goodes 
thet he shulde haue, [ben] I-soldf & I-yeuen to pore pepeH in coles, as 
secoutors wil answers afore god // Moreouer y bequethe William 

J 6 Osbeme the fliueres of pecok* // more-ouere y bequethe Maut 
Cokkeman my wyves forcet, & a staf Wit7i an handeH // More-ouer y 
bequethe my roller for a toweti to Margery Bokeler^ ; Also to Alison 
Oxyn) my chayre, and to Robard Sharpe my peynted chest / M oreouer, 

20 sir lofin Russhebrok' a skonce^ / an othei* skonce to SymoncJ 
Brownyng*. Here-oppon y make my seketoMres, sir lohn Russhe- 
brok«, chauntre prist of seynt Marget Patens, and Symond Brounyng*, 
Clerk* of the same churche / I bequethe Iche of hem, for here 

24 trauayle, x s'. To this wittenesse thet this testament ys my ful will, 
Iwreten the dai a-fore seycJ that these neybowres wil here witnesse 
theropon, thet is to sey / lohn Hardynge, Grocer ; Will/am Ferrowre, 
Brewer, and Thomas Colman, Talvchaundeler' ; Thomas Oxyn), 

28 hosier // And y pray yowe loki thys marke and thys Seeti, acorde as 
y Roger wyl answere afore god 

A • 

Probatum fuit testamentum supradictum coram Nobis, lohanne 
Chichele, in Decretw Bacallario &c, xviij die Mensis Maij, Anno 

^ Fr. 'Couvercle: m. A Couer, or Lid.' — Cotgrave. A.D. 1611. 
' A light to hang against the wall. 




EARUEST ENaLISH WILLS. 1434-5, ISABELLJ? DOVE. 103 

domim MiHewmo CCCC tricesimo quinto Ss & / commissa-qt*e 
fait admimstracio omnimn bonorum & [cf\ executoribiM superius 
nominatiff & &, 



ISABELLA DOYE, 1434-5. 

[Goods to bury her, and pay her debts and bequests. Residue to be 
kept till her husband comes home from beyond the sea.] 

(More, 8 Com^. Court of London, If. 879 bk.) 
Isabeli Dove. [In marginJl 

Thys is the wiH o IsabeS Dove, lat the wyf of Thomas Dove, 4 
Citezein of London), made the xiij day of Marche, the yere of oure 
lorde M? CCCC"*" [xjxxiiij, that Geretrude de Lunhx, the wyf of 
William de Lunhx, Citezein & vinter of London), schuld bane the 
godes of the seyde IsabeH In kepyng, for to brynge hex* on erthe, to 8 
pay her* dettis, hei* bequests ; and the remenant for to kepe to the 
vse of the husbondes^ of the seyde Isabeti, vn-to his comyng* home 
fro beyonde the See, the seyd godes in the Inuentare here remaynyng. 

ProbatMm fuit hec voluntas coram I d., iiij** die Maij, Anno 12 
domim MilWimo cccc"*** xxxiiij* & c<; & cowmissa Admiwistraao 
Geretrude de Lunhx Becundum tenorem eiusd^m. 

[I7i margin is] hahet &cquietanciam. 

^ a genitive? 



104 BARUBST BNGUSH WILLS. 1436, RIOHABD BOKBLAND. 



BICHABD BOKBLAND, ESQ., OF ALL-HALLOWS 
THE GBEATBB, THAMES ST., LONDON, 1436. 

[To be buried in Pardon Churchyard, St Paul's. Two Oxford or 
Cambridge Priests 'to be paid to pray for Testator's Soul for 20 years. 
8t Gregory's Trental to be sung. Marble Tombstone to have Crest on, 
with * Mercy and Grace.' Year's Mind to be kept for 20 years at St, 
Mary Ottery, Devonshire ; and for 6 years by the 4 Orders of Friars 
in London. Gifts to Poor, and to All-hallows and St Nicholas Cold- 
Abbey churches. A million Masses to be said for Testator's Soul. Gifts 
to London and Westminster Prisoners, to the Spital sick folk, and 
tlie Lazar-houses. Gifts to the Prioress of Cheshunt and the Canons of 
Waltham Abbey. £100 to Daughter, and £20 to each of her children. 
Legacies to Brother and other folk. Cheshunt Convent to have back its 
pledges free. Residue to Executors, two of whom get furd Gowns.] 

(Luffenam, If. 162.) 
Testamentum "Ricardi Bokelandl. [In margin,] 

Tn the Name of god', Amen. The .v. day of August yn the 

yere of yowre Lord M^ cccc xxxvj. And the xiiij yere of the 

Beigne of kjnff Henry sixt, I, Richard Bokeland, Squyer, beyng* yn 

4 Eesonable helifi of body, & hoole of mynde, make my testament in 
manere as foloweth. Furst I betake my soule vnto god, my verray 
lord & Saveowr, & to his blessid moder* oure lady Saint Mary, and 
to aH his saint«r of heven ; And my wrecchid body to be beryed at 

8 Pardon chirche-yerd at saint Ponies * yn London). AH so y gif vnto 

1 Pardon Chv/rchyard was on the N. side of St. Paul's. Paul's Cross was v 
in it. Stow says of St. Paul's {Survey, 1633, p. 864) : I 

' Great Cloystry ' There was also one great Cloyster, on the North side of this 
«f PavU Church, invironing a plot of ground, of old time called Pardon - 

Chwch-yard; whereof Thomas More, Deane of Pauls, was eyther the first 
Builder, or a most especiall Benefactor, and was buried there. 

'About this Cloyster, was artificially and richly painted the Dance of 
'Dance of Machairre, or Dance of Death, commonly called the Dance of 

PauU Pauls, . . In this Cloyster were buried many Persons, some of 

Worship, and others of Honour : The Monuments of whom, in number aiid 
workmanship, passed all other that were in that Church. , . , • 



EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1436, RICHARD BOKELAND. 105 

Je warkes of Ponies x K. AH-so y wuH that thei* be founden at fe 
vniuersitees of Oxonf ord or Cambiigge, after J)e discrecton of my wyf 
'& executot^is, two gode honnest and vertuous preestes of conner- 
saciot^n, the terme of xx yere, prayenge for the soules of me, my fadyr, 4 
moder, broder, and for all thoo that I am bounden) to pray for, eche 
of the saide preestes takynge yerly C s*., hanynge in Charge to seye 
enery friday a messe of )>e trentaH, wiiJi Placebo and dirige, & the ix 
lessons. Item I bequethe xx marc^ vnto dinars preestes for to singe 8 
masses of the grete Gregorie trentale.^ AU-so I woH fat there 
be leyde vpon my body a stone of Marble, with the crest of my 
Armes Jjempon), and aH-so with thise wordes, 'Mercy and grace.' 
Att-so y gif vnto the collage of saint Mary Ottroye^ in Devenshire, xx 12 
h, to be demenedl, xx s' J)erof yerely in this wise : that enery yere 
durynge the terme of xx yere, my mynd, with Placebo & Dirige & 
masse of Requiem to. be doon oones, yevynge to enery chanon) beinge 
thei'-at present viij *, to enery preest vj *, to enery secundary 16 
& clerc of the chirch iiij *, and to enery qnarester ij d ; And yf Jiei* 
leve any fynge of the saicJ xx s', to be delt to enery pouere man of 
that pariBsh ij ^, and bR thoo pouere men to be at the Dirige 
& messe. Item y gif vnto the chirche of Alhalowen) the more ^ 20 

* Chappell in * ^^ *^® midst of this Pardon Church-yard^ was also a fisdre 

Pardon Chappell, first founded by Gilbert Becket, Portgrave, and principall 

Churchrifard Magistrate of this City, in the reigne of King Stephen, who was 
there buried. ThoTnas More [? he whose Tomb is named abuv, p. 7l, 1. 7], 
Deane of Pauls, before named, re-edified or new builded this Chappell, and 
founded three Chaplaines there, in the reigne of Henry the fifth.' 

This Pardon Church-yard of St, PauVs must not be confounded with that at 
the Charter-House, of which Stow says : 

' This house [the Charter-housel he [Sir Walter Manny"] founded upon this 
occasion : A great Pestilence [the Black Death] entring this Iland, began first in 
JDorsetahvre, then proceeded into Devonshire, Somersetshire, Glocestershire, and 
Oxfordshire, and at length came to London, and overspread all England, so 
wasting the people, that scarce the tenth person of all sorts was left alive, and 
Churchyards were not sufficient to receive the dead, bat men were forced 
to chuse out certeine fields for burials : whereupon Jtalph StrcU/ord, Bishop of 
London, in the year 1348, bought a piece of ground, called No mans land, 
which he inclosed with a wall of Bricke, and dedicated for buriall of the dead, 
builded thereupon a proper ChapeU, which is now enlarged, and made a 
dwelling-house : and this burying plot is become a faire Garden, retaining the 
old name ot Pardon Ohwreh^offd, — Stow's Survey, 1633, p. 477 h, 

^ See p. 31 abuv, note 1, ' St. Maiy Ottery. > In Upper Thames St. 



106 EARLIEST ENQUSH WILLS. I486, RICHARD BOEELAND. 

yn London), where y am parisshen), x ti ; And to the Personne of the 

same chircH, for myn oblacions forgetefi, z ti. Item I gif vnto the 

« 

warkes of saint Nicholas Coldabbey in London),^ x marc*. Item 
4 I beqweth moneye for M'M? masses^ to be saide aft^ my decessa, fat 
is to sey, to euery preest saynge for me ^e dirige & a messe of 
Kequiem, iiij \ Item I wol that the house of Freres prechours 
in London) haue euery yere durynge the tcrme of .v yere, xx s' to sey 
8 be note the dirige & nlesse of Bequiem and ^ my mynd day. And ya 
the same wise the saide som yerly ynto the white Freres, greye freres, 
& Austins,^ performynge the Dirige Ss messe a-foresaid. Iteni I gif to 
euery Prisoner beynge in Ludegate & Newegate iiij * ; Item to the 

12 Abbottetf prison) of Westmynstre xx s' ; Item to the Prisoners of the 
Flete, XX s' ; Item to the Prisoners of the Marchalse, xx s'. ; Item to 
the Prisoners of the Kynggis bench xx s* ; Item to the sake peple 
beynge yn the spiteti houses of saint Thomas, saint Mary, & 

16 saint Bartilmeux of London), iij ti. Item to the howses of la^are 
next aboute ^London, iij ti. Item I woti fat Dame Cicile Gifford, 
Prioresse of Chesthunt,^ haue xl s' ; and that euery nonne of the 
same house haue vj s' yiij \ sayenge for me a dirige and a messe of 

20 Requyem by note. Item I woti pat air lohn Gifford, Chanon) of fe 
Abbey of Waltham,^ haue xl s', & that euery Chanon) of the same 
house haue xx d, sayenge for me a dirige and a messe of Eequiem by 
note. Item I woti fat my doughter Anneys Whityngham haue C ti 

24 and a stondynge cuppe gilt, shapp of a columbyn.^ And also 

^ ' Situate on the S. side of Old fish str. in the Ward of QueenhUhe, within 
the Walls of London, . . . Mr.' Stow says the word Coleaibhey (which was added 
to distinguish this from other Churches of St. Nicholas) is corruptly so called, 
being more properly Cold bay (as a place exposed to the Weather), as Cold 
JETarbouT,* kc, — 1708. E. Hatton, New View of London, ii. 440. *It hath been 
called of many Colden Abbey , of some Cold Abbey, or Cold Bey, and so have the 
most ancient writings, as standing in a cold place, as Cold Harbor, and such like.* 
—Stow, p. 898. 

* Can this mean 2000, and not 1,000,000 ? » ? ' and * for * on 

* See note 1, p. 16 abuv. ^ leaf 162 back. 

* Cheshunt * occupies the S.E. angle of Herts,' and is 13 miles N. of London. 
Good fishing in the Reservoir there, says my boy. 

7 In Essex, 12 miles N. by E. of London. The 2nd Abbey was founded 
by Harold before 1060. 
. 8 The beautiful bell-like flower of Jquilegia vulgaris, Lin, 



EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1436, RICHARD BOKELAND. 107 

fai euery cbilcl of hires Ijyjnge at the day of my decess^, haue xx ti 
to there manage. Item I wol pat my brother Cristofre Bokelond 
haue xz ti, And his sone Thomas x ti. And to his other sone & a 
doughter, yf they lyre, eche of hem .v marce^. Item that lohn 4 
Yngram haue x marcel ; Item to William Cicil x marce^ ; Item to 
lohn Wantoii x marc ; Item to lohn Coggeshale x li. Item I gif to 
maister Thomas Asshweli xx a\ Item to Frere Wynchelsee xx s', 
Item to Frere EusseH of the Austins, xx s'. Item I wol to euery 8 
couple of man & wyf dwellyng at Ochecote, haue ij s*, and to euery 
single man) & child withyn the same parissh of Ochecote xij \ And 
to the Personne of the same parish holdynge myn obbite durynge iij 
yere, Euery yere vj s', viij *. Item I gif to Thomas Yonge x ti, 12 
Item to Bichard Clareti x ti, Item to lohn Forest x marce«, Item to 
lacobo my seruat^nt x marce^, Item to Thomas Crouche v ti, Item to 
lohn Cooke y marcee. Item to William Pascali xx s'. Item to lohn of 
the Stable xiij s, iiy *, Item to William of the Kechyn vj s', viij *, 16 
Item to Margaret of Ware xl s'. Item to sir Eobert Carlton v marce«. 
Item to Master lohn) Trotter v marcee, Item to air Bichard my preest 
V marce*. Item I wolle that the prioresse & the house of Chesthunt 
haue freely theire Weddys ayen withouten any mony payenge. And 20 
to the performynge of this my last wiH and entent, I make myne 
executowrs,! lohan my wyf, sir lohn TireH knyght, Maister Bichard 
Cawdray, clerc, Bichard Quatermains, lohn Melbot^me, Thomas 
Bothewefi, lohn Kempley, Thomas Pounde & lohn Coggeshale. And 24 
I woit that eche of my said Executours haue x ti, so that they be 
helpynge & assistynge vn-to my wyff for the execucion of this my last 
wiUe / And the Bemenai^nt of ait my godis, meuable and vnmeuable, 
I gif to the said sir lohn Tireli, maister Bichard Caudray, Bichard 28 
Quatermains, lohn) Melbot^me, Thomas BothewdS, Thomas Pound & 
lohn Coggeshale. And y pray Ss Bequire i^ you myn executoMrs 
aforsaid, which I haue chosen, for true and parfayte Love, that 
ye fulfiH all my wiB & entent aboue writen, truly & kyndely, for the 32 
loue of god, and as my trust is yn yow / AH-so y wol that Thomas 
Bothewell haue myn PrymoMr & myn purple goune furred -with 
martrons.^ AH-so I wol that lohn Melbot^me haue my scarlet goune 

^ ' Nomina executorum ' in margin. ' See p. 36 abuv, note 6. 



108 EARUBST ENOLISn WILLS. 1438, BIGHABD DIXTON. 

foirecl with martrot/nfl. AH-so y wol that my lord Cromwett haue a 
p«re of boteH of silu^ & gilt / In witnessa of aH wich ))ingt9y I haue 
put herto my seal the day and yere aforesaid,- beynga present in 

4 ferther wittenes, maister william Lychf eld^ parsone of Alhalowen the 
more, sir lohn) loye, preest of the same chirch, lo&n Yngram, 
Thomas Tonga, and other. 

^ Probatum fuit suprascriptum teatamentom coram Magts/ro 

8 lohanne Lyndefeld, Commissario &c<, xv*^ die mensur Octobm, Anno 

domim Milleomo cccc^ xxxyj^. Et commissa fuit administracto 

lohanne, relicta dictt defunctt, & discrete Yiris Thome EotheweH, 

Thome Pound, & lohanni Coggeshale, executon^ &c*, Beseruata 

12 po^Mate &c. acquietati sunt. 



RIOHAED DIXTON, ESQ., OP SISOETRE/ 
GLOSTEBSHIRE, 1438. 

[To be buried at Cirencester. Bequests of Vestments to Trinity 
Chapel there, and its Priests ; also to the Convent at Usk, the Friars of 
Gloster and Hereford, the Abbots of Tewkesbury, Evesham, Malmesbury, 
&c. Gifts of best Horse, Armour, coverd silver Cups, Gold Chain and 
Bracelet, Money, blue Cloth, furd Gowns, silver Arse-girdle, household 
Stuff, Horses, Clothing and Bedding, <fec.] 

(Loffenam, If. 191 back.) 

Dyxtofi. [In margin,] 

I n the name of oure Lord Ihesu, Amen) I The Viij day of August^ 

the yere of the regno of oiii' sou6raigne lord kyng* Harry the sixte 

after the conquest, the xvj*. [1438.] I Richard Dixton), squyer, 

16 hauyng* gode and resonable witte & discrecton, make, ordeyne, and 

dispose my last testament in this maner' ; Furst, I bequeth my sowle 

vnto god almyghty, vnto the Blessyd Virgine his moder sainte Marie, 

^ Cirencester : it used always to be pronounst ' Ciseter ' till the name was 
printed in Railway Time-tables, and the Ry. Porters had to speak the name as 
it was spelt, to enable strangers to identify the place. It's 88 miles W. by N. 
from London. 



EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1438, BIGHARD DIXTON. 109 

& to aH the compaigne of heuene, & my body to be buryed witfiyn 
the new ChapeH of the Trinite at Siscetre. It^m I bequeth to the 
saide chapeli of Siscetre a cloth of Siluer, and a blak cloth of Damask 
^sengiti, & a gowne of Goldsmythes werk*, for to make vestimentea & 4 
a C gertiers. Item I bequeth vnto iij prestes for to synge and pray 
for me duryng" the space of a yere yn the saide chirch of Siscetre, xx 
tL Item I be-quethe vnto the Prioresse & Couent of the House of 
Vsk,2 for to pray for me, x marker. It«m I be-qael£ vn*to prestes and 8 
clerkes for to doo my seniice & exquies, & for almes for poure men), 
XX H Item I bequeth vnto the frere prechours of Gloucestre, for to 
fynde iij prestes of the same house duryng* a yere for to synge for my 
moder & for me, xx tL Item I bequeth to the Grey Preres of 12 
Hereford for to doo semblably for my moder and for me, xx li. Item 
I bequel^ vnto Maistre Thomas Eadnore, x marker. Item I bequeth 
to the Abbot of Teukysbury ^ an couuered cuppe gilt. Item to the 
Priour and Couent of the same house, xx tL Item to the Abbot of 16 
Siscetre a couered cuppe of siluer gilt. Item to the Priour and 
Conuent of the same hous, xx tL Item to the Abbot of Euesham^ 
a couuered cuppe of siluer gilt Item to the Couent of the same 
hous, XX IL Item to the Priour of Bradewstoke ^ a couuered cuppe of 20 
siluer gilt. Item to the Conuent of the same hous, xx ti. Item to 
the Abbot of Malmesbury* a coaered cuppe of siluer gilt. Item to the 
Couent of the same hous, xx tL Item I bequetfi for my mynde day, 
XX ti. Item I bequeth to my Lord of York* iij of my best hors, to 24 
be chosen) either at Vsk" or at Wotton),^ & aH my armeure. Item I 

1 leaf 192. 

' Usk, in the co. of Monmouth, 13 miles S.W. from Monmouth, and 144 
(W. by N.) from London. — Lewis. 

> Tewkesbury, in Glo'stershire, - 10 miles N.N.K from Gloster, and 103 
W.N.W. from London. 

* Evesham, in Worcestershire, 18 miles N.E. from Tewkesbury, and 96 K W. 
by N. from London. Ewes, a swineherd in the service of Egwin, third bishop 
of Huicca, is said to have seen the Yirgin Mary on the spot where the Abbey 
was built 702— 709.— Lewis. 

* This priory stood in the Deanery of Malmesbury, co. Wilts. See Bacon's 
Liber. Regis, 

* Malmesbury, in Wiltshire, 42 milesK. from Salisbury, and 94 W. from London. 

^ Wotton under Edge (or under Ridge : is situated beneath a range of well- 
wooded hills) is in Glostershiie, 19 miles S.S.W. from Gloster, and 108 W. by 
K. from London. — Lewis. 



110 EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1438, RICHARD DIXTON. 

bequetb to lane Barre a cappe of silner couuered. It^m to Elizabeth 
Mortymei^ a cuppe of siluer couuered. It^m to dame Anneys LeucH 
a cuppa of siluar couuared. Item to Elizabeth Bowers a cnppa 
4 of siluer coTia6re(}. Itam to Agas Flegge a cappe of sihier couuered. 
Itam to Kobert Greyndoor, squyer, my Serpe ^ of siluer and my cheyne 
of goold. Item to lane Greyndoor^ his wyf, a coueredf cuppe of 
siluer, the wich I was wont to drynk of, and a Bracelet of Gold. 
8 Item to the new chapeli at Siscetre xx ti. Item I bequetti vnto the 
Abbot of Lantemam & his monkes, x markee. Item to the Priour of 
Golcleve ^ & his monkes, xx marker. Item to euerych of my lordes 
iij chapeleyns xx s'. Item to sir lohh) TrebeH my confessour, 

12 XX markee, to synge for me ij yere in an honest place, where so 
euer he wooti, and iiij yerdes of blew cloth. Item to the yomen) of 
my lordys chambre, xx ti. Item to the officers of my said lord hati*, 
pantrie, Seler, Boterie & Eechyn), xx H Item to maistre Eobert 

16 Beaumont a cuppe couuered, chased with Rosys, beynge at the 
Fasteme.^ Item to my saide lord seruantea of his stable, x mark*. 
Item to A lentiH woman) called lonet Hawys, xx K. Item to 
WiUiam ReueH a gowne of Blake, furred with ficheux* beyng* at the 

20 Fasteme, Ss xl s'. Item to lohn) Mody a gowne of grene Damaske 
lyned, & a nother gowne of Eusset furred with blak, & xl s'. Item 
to ij prestes for to synge & pray for me yn the chirch of Wottori) 
durynge a yere, xx marker. Item to the werk of the saide chirch of 

24 Wotton), X mark*. Item to the chirch of Lydyerd '^ x mark*. Item to 
Edmond of Gomewayle an ersgerdyti^ of siluer. Item to lohn 
Eusseli, squyer, a gowne of Eede Damaske furred wil£ martrens, & 

^ ? Fr. ' Serpe, Serpentine, Serpent, coaleuvre ; d'oh terperUeUe petit 
serpent.' — Roquefort. Hippeau also gives * Serpe, serpent.' 

' ? Goldcliff, a parish in Monmouthshire, 4j^ miles S.E. from Newport. A 
prior and 12 black monks were placed here from the abbey of Bee in Normandy, 
to which the Church was given, at Henry I's desire, by Robert de Chandos, who 
founded and endowd it in 1113. 'In 1442, after the suppression of Alien 
priories, it was made a cell to the abbey of Tewkesbury, and at the Dissolution 
possessed a revenue of £144 Ss. Id,' — Lewis. Lantemam, co. Monmouth. 

' ? One of Testator's houses, or my Lord of York's. 

* See p. 84 abuv, note S. 

' f Lidiard Millioent, or Lidiard Tregose, near Swindon, Wilts. 

^ Compare Fr. ' CeindtMre d crouppUre. A belt, arming girdle, or sword 
girdle of the old fashion.' — 1611. Cotgrave. 



EABLIBST ENGLISH WILLS. 1438, RIGHABD DIXTON. Ill 

a cuppe of siluer couuered. Item to Thomi^us Bamaby a cuppe of 
siluer coxmered. Item to my seniant lohn) Buelt, yj marker, & 
I gowne of Eusset medley furred witfe blak. Item to my wyf , aH 
my stuff" beyng* at the Fasteme, except a sangwen) gowne furred witfi 4 
martres, and the thyngys aboven) rehersecJ. Item my futi wytt 
& entent is, that the saide lohu) EusseH haue & reioyce^ for 
euer more aH the lyuelode that meueth of his moder after hei* deces. 
Item all myn) owne lyuelode to remeyne to my next heires. Item I 8 
woH that Edward BlundeH, squyer, of Worcestreshire, haue .L. mark, 
& yj cuppes of syluer, euery cuppe weynge a mark & a half of Troye, 
for to dispose the same gode for his sone Eichard BlnndeH, of whos 
sowle god haue mercy. Item to Thomas Cleuche^ xl s*. Item 12 
to Eichard of the Warderobe, xl s'. Item to lohn) of Pantrye 
vj mark*. Item to William Wastefl xl. s*. Item to William 
Estynton) yj mark*. Item to Watkyn Hardyng^ yj mark. Item 
to Hewe Dawesy 'yj mark*. Item to Harry Meyre yj mark*. Item 16 
to Ibex, C s*. Item to lohn) Hewys xl s*. Item to lohn) DanyeH 
xl s*. & a litiH bay hors. Item to Edward xl a\ Item to lohn) of 
Nokys xl s\ Item to Water Parker^ xl s. Item to LiteH Pers xl s*. 
Item to Elizabeth Belliers a scarlet gowne furred with foynes.^ Item 20 
to Eichard of the warderobe, the fourthe best hors that I have. Item 
to the saide Watkyn) Hardyng* a gowne of scarlet witfi slyt slyues 
y-furred, and my cuttyd * hors. Item to the saide William Estynton 
a scarlet gowne & a hors. Item, all my clothynge & werynge 24 
hameys and beddynge at Vsk, I woti that the saide Watkyn) 
and William departe by-twene hem & here felawes, as they seme that 
goode ys, & that they delynery to Hew Dausey an hoby & a gowne of 
grene damaske, and to enerj of myn other men) an hors, whiles ther 28 
ben eny. Item y woti that myhowke^ of siluer ®be sold, and do for 
my sowle. Item to lohn) Clerk, & lohn) Cook, seruent to the 
saide Eobert Greyndoor*, xiij s' iiij \ And that this my last wyti & 
testament be fuUfilled & acomplesshid of att my goodys & catelles 32 

1 enjoy. ' ? Clenclie. 

* 'Fouinne: f. The Foyne, wood-Martin, or Beech-Martin.*— Cotgrave. 
*Marte: f. The beast called a Martin. Martes 8aJ}elline8 . . , Sables.' — ib. 
See p. 36 abuv, note 6. 

* gelded. * ? hooke, hake, hamus, Pr. and Cath. * leaf 192, back. 



112 EARLDDST ENGLISH WILLS. 1439, NIOQOLAS OHABLBTON. 

not bequethyn ne specefieJ, I make & ordeyne Gyles of Brugge,^ 
squyer, str Water Bagge, person) of Brynkewortfi,^ Richard Wameford 
and William Prelett of Siscetre, my trew and lawfuH executo2£rs ; and 

4t to euery of hern for hei' labonr x marlf, to ordeyne and dispose for my 
sowle yn the best wyse that hem semetb to be doon) / as they woli 
answere be-fore god. In witnesse of wic& thyng*, to this my present 
testament I hane put to me seale. 

8 Probatam fait istud testameTt^m coram Magi^^ lohanne 

Lyndefel($, zxj^ die mensw Octobris, Anno domim MiUd^imo cccc™^ 

xxxviij^. Et commissa fait administracio WilleZmo Prelet^ executori, 

&c(; Eeseruata &ci; ac vicesimo NouQmhris tone ]^oximo sequen^i 

12 acquieto^ [fait]. 



NICHOLAS CHARLETON, OF LONDON> 

SKINNER, 1439. 

[To be buried before St Paurs Cross. Gifts to St PauVs and St. 
Augustine's churches, and to 3 Orders of Friars, for 3 Trentals of Masses. 
1000 hapeny Loaves for poor men. Money to Brotherhoods of Corpus 
Christi and Mary in the Skinners' craft Wax for lights in St Austin's 
Lady-chapeL 20«. each to Apprentices and Servant Gowns of Skinners' 
craft to friends. 3«. 4d. each to Brotherhoods of St Nicholas of Parish*' 
clerks, and St John of the Tailors. Residue : two~thirds to Wife ; one- 
third for Testator's Soul.] 

(Luifenam, It 202 hack.) 
Carletofi. 

Tn the name of god, Amen ! the xviij day of the monthe of 

May, In the yere of oure lord Ihe^ a M? cccc zxxix, and jn the 

xvij yere of the Regno of kyng* Henre the sext, I, Nicholas 

16 Charleton), Citezein & Skynner of London), yn hole & good mynde 

beyng*, thonked be aH myghty godi, ordeyne And make my testament 

1 Giles Brugge, alias Bruges {i. e. Brydges), of Ooberley, now Cubherley, 
Glouoesterahire, 4 miles from Cheltenham, afterwards knighted. — ^H. Bound. 

* Brinkworth, a parish in the hundred of Malmesbuiy, county of Wilts, 4i 
miles (W.N.W.) from Wootton-Basset— Lewis. 



EARLIEST ENGUSH WILLS. 1^ NICHOLAS GHABLBTON. 113 

of iny last wyti ia this forme that folowetH. First I be-quetK my 
soule to aH-myghtty god, my maker, oui^ lady seynt Mary, and to all 
seinte* of heven), and my body to be buryed in Powles grete 
chirchehawe of london) be-ford the crosse.^ And I bequetb to the new ^ 
werk of the same chirch, xx ^/ And to the high auter of seynt 
Austyns chirch^ ther' y am parosshen, for my tithes and offryng* 
necligently for-yeten), vj s' viij *. And I will and ordeny, that yn aH 
hast possible aft^ my decesse, that I hane iij Trentales of masses 8 
songen)^ for my sowle in thre bowses of Freres of London), that is to 
sey, the prechours, white ffreres, and grey ffreres * / and I be-quetll 
ferfove to eche hous of thre, xl dl. And I be-queth a M? of halpeny 
lovys to be yove to pore men be my executours withynne xij months 12 
after my decesse, pat is to sey, to euerj pord man that cometh, 
a loof / All-80 I be-quet& to the brederhede of my craft of Corpus 
Christiy to the comune Box fer-of, yj s, viij *, And to f e Comune 
box of the brederhede of oure lady yn my crafte, vj s*. viy dl. All-so I 16 
be-qaeth to enerj prisoner yn the prison) of Ludgate, And ech of the 
ij Countowrs of London),^ a loof of a pownde,^ to be delyd when com 
is of resonable price wttAyn a yere after my decesse. Ati-so I devyse 

^ It stood on the North side. 

> On the N. side of WcUlin str,, and the E. side of Old Change^ in the Ward 
of Farrendon within, t. e. within the Walls of London, near St. PauC$ 
Cathedral II. The Denomination was given to this Church, in Memory of St. 
Austin (not the Father who was Bishop of Hippo in Africa, but as is most 
probable) the Monk, who was called by some the English Apostle; being by 
Gregory, Bishop of JRoTne, about the year 596, sent with MUetus and 40 more to 
England to convert the Ptigan Saocons to Christianity. — 1708. Hatton, Niew 
View of Jjmd^yn, L 136, a. Church burnt in the Great Fire, 1666, rebuilt by 
Wren. ' ? MS. singen. * See abuv, p. 16, note 1. 

' Covmiers, are 2 Prisons for the use of the City, viz. the Mayor and Sheriffs 
Courts [namely, 1.] PouUry Counter, A Prison situate in the Poul^, London, 
where not only Debtors upon Actions in the Lord Mayor and Sheriffs Courts, but 
such as disturb the Peace of the City in the Night, are committed. It hath been 
a Prison for some hundreds of Years past, and might possibly be called Counter, 
because those there detained were obliged to account for the Cause of their Com* 
mitment before they were set at liberty. [2. Bread St,, later] Wood-street 
Counter. A Prison ... for Debtors and Night-ramblers that disturb the 
Peace. This Prison was in Bread-si/r, till removed hither in the Year 1555, by 
virtue of an Act of Common-Council held the 19th of September, 8 and 4 of PhiL 
and McMry, — Hatton (a.d. 1708), New View of London, ii. 744, 759, 783. 

• MS. *bb * with a line thru, Uke fl. 

E. E. WILUSL I 



114 EARLIEST ENOUSH WILLS. 1439, NICHOLAS GHABLETON. 

& ordeyne a C tb wex to mynystere and to serae to the vse of 
the Salue ^ of ouie lady chapeB; yn the said chirch of seynt Austyns, 
that is to sey, ij Tapers to stonde on the Auter of oui^ lady, echo 
4 of the ij taperys of a pownde weyght / per to be lighte and brenne at 
Salue ^ tyme as longe as the saide C tb weight of wex will dure / And 
I wyH that Thomas Gloucestre my brother, that is myn executour, 
and the wardeyns of Seynt Austyns chirch a-fore-saide sussessiffly 
8 beyng<, haue the gouernance of the saide wex and light in manei^ 
a-boue writen) / Ali-so I be-queth to eche of myn apprentice dwellyng* 
& stondyng* with me yn maner of a-prentys at tyme of my diyng* 
XX s*. AH-so I be-queth to Thomas Bayle, my seruant xx s' / AH-so 

12 1 be-queth to Thomas Dymmok", Skynner, of Glowcestre, my best 
gowne of the lyuere of Skynners craft, both furre and cloth, yif he be 
alyve ; And to WatkyrD Asshweti my secunde best furre and gowne / 
AH-so I wyH that Nicholas Wylde be holperi) and relyve(J of my gode, 

16 after the avyse of Thomas Glowcestre my brother / And yf hit so be 
that eny ^of the saide personys that I haue made be-quest to, dye 
a-fore my decesse / than I wiH that the same goodys of hym or 
theym) that so deyth, be distribuycB in to iij partyes by myn 

20 executowrs, that is to sey, oo paHe to the almesse of the bretherhedes 
of Corpus Christi, and oure Lady, of my craft ; the secunde part to 
the Wardeyns of Seynt Austyns chirch, to the vse of the same chircli / 
And the thirde parte to be demenydl and yoven) by Thomas 

24 Gloucestre, my brother and my Executowr, to pore peple of the 
paressh of Seynt Austyns a-boueseidi, and ofer paresshe, there as 
nede is / Afl-so I be-queth to the brederhede of seynt Nicholas 
founded by paressh clerkes in London), iij s* iiij * / AH-so to the 

28 bretherhede of seynt lohn) of the Craft of Taillowr[8] of London), iij s 

^ Salve Maria. For a history and examples of this devotion, see 'Onr 
Lady's Dowry,* by Rev. T. E. Bridgett, pp. 168—170, 173,174 (Ist edit. 1876). 
(There is an interesting example of a promise of choir boys singing the Salve in 
Louth's * Life of "William of Wickhami' Appendix, xvi.) See also, for further 
information about the devotion, in * Fietas Mariana Britannica,* by £dmund 
Waterton, F.S. A 1879. Part I. pp. 139—141 ; Part II. pp. 76, 87, 88. Dr. 
Rock, in his * Church of our Fathers,* also speaks of this devotion ; see Vol. II. 
pp. 442, 443 ; Vol. III. pp. 276—279. The example given on pp. 442, 443, 
Vol. II., is also quoted in * Our Lady's Dowry.' — M. L. See Notes below. 

* leaf 203. 



EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS.- 1439, NICHOLAS OHARLBTON. 115 

iiij * // And the residue of aH my other goodes, catalles and dett^^, 
that be not be-qwethen) above / after fat my dette^ be paide, 
my byryng* ati-so, & expenses funeralx done, and this testament 
fulfilled! / I be-quetfi and will fat hit be devydedl be myn executo^rs 4 
yn-to iij parties, wherof ij parties I be-quetfi to lohan) my wyff, 
to haue and to hold! to her* for euermore, in the name of her part and 
dowyer of my godes to her yn eny wyse be-langgyng< / And the 
third party of the same residue, I bequeth to myn executowrs, 8 
be theym to be disposydl in masses, almes, and werkys of charite for 
my sowle and all tru cristyn sowlys, as they hope best pleyse god 
wii^ And of fis testament I make myn executours, fat is to sey, 
Thomas Gloucestre, Clerk, my brother, WilKam AllardI and Thomas 12 
Aston), Citezeins and Skynners of London / And y be-queth to eche 
of my seide executowrs for hig labor* in this party to be hadi, C s'. 
In-to the witnessyng" of wiche thyng*, to this testament I haue set my 
sele. Writen) at London) the day and ^ere a-boueseyde / Ati-so, ouer 16 
the premisses, I, the saide Nicholas Charleton), ordeyne, assigne, and 
be-queife be this testament, to f e saide lohn) my wyf , the t6/Tnys and 
state comyng* of & in ati the tenement witJi thappwrten[au]nt3 that I 
dweti ynne in Watlyngstrete yn the saide paressfi of seint Austyn), 20 
the wich I hold to ferme^ of the mayster and couent of seynt 
Bartholomews spiteti be-side West Smythf eld? of London), to haue and 
to hol($ to f e saide John) the seide termes, state, and tenement wit& 
thappwrtenawnt^, duryng* her lyf, oonly yf the termes f er-of last so 24 
longe, She beryng*, yeldjrng*, payng* and supportyng* f ^rof f e ferme 
yerely, and ofer charges duryng* hei* lyf, as I am bound to do 
be wrytyng' to f • said maister and Covent/. 

Probatum fuit istud testamentum coram Magistro lohanne 28 
Lyndefeld? / Commissarao &c*, tercio die mensz* lulij. Anno domini 
Mille«imo cccc™° tricesimonono. Et commissa fuit admiwistrac/o 
bonorz^m hmusmodi &c & executoribus in eodem testamento nomimiti$, 
et haftent [&c]. 32 

^ On lease. 



I 2 



116 EARLIEST BNQLISH WILLS. 1439, COUNTESS OF WARWICK. 



COUNTESS OP WARWICK, 1439.^ 

[To be buried in Tewkesbury Abbey, to which, Testatrix gives her 
head-jewels. Her Statue to be made naked, with Mary Magdalen, St. 
John, and St Anthony near, and poor Men and Women about hor Tomb. 
Gifts to the shrines of Tewkesbury, Cavershara, Walsingham, Wo'ster, &c. 
Other Jewels to be sold for the purposes of the Will. Gifts of Brooches 
and Money to legatees. Tewkesbury to be endowd with 100 marks. 
Beparation to be made for Testatrix's wrong-doing, if any.] 

(Luffenam, If. 212, back.) 
^Comitissa Warr.* Non acquiet[ati]. 

Tn dei Nomine, Amen. This is the testament and last wytt of 

Dame Isabeti, Countesse of Warrewyk*,^ made at London) the furst 

day Decemb', the yere of cure lord! W CCCC xxxix. Furst I bequetfi 

^ my sowle to ati-myghty god, and my body to be beryedf In the 
Abbey of Tewkesbery, yn such place as I haue assyngnec).^ And that 
my grete templys^ with the Baleys® be soldi to the vtmest pryse, and 
delyueryd? to the sayde Ahbat and the howse of Tewkesbery, so they 

S groche no3t with my lyenge, and with suche thyng* as y woH haue 
done a-bowt my body. And my Image to be made aH naked, and no 
thyng* on my hede but myn) here cast bakwardys, and of the gretnes 

1 This will is abstracted in Testamenta Fetusta, 1826, i. 239. 

' — ^ In a later hand. 

' Isabel, daughter of Thomas Desxmnoer, 2nd Baron Despencer (Earl of 
Gloucester, 1397, beheaded at Bristol by the rabble, 1400), by a grand-daughter of 
Edward III. Heiress to her brother Richard 1414. Married (1) Richard de 
Beauchamp, Lord Abergavenny (Earl of Worcester, 1420), and (2) his cousin 
Richard de Beauchamp, 6th Earl of Warwick (Earl of Albemarle, 1417), Lt.- 
Genl. of France and Normandy 1435 (d. 30 Ap. 1439. See, for a note of his will, 
p. 134). She was mother of Henry, Duke of Warwick (1444) and King of the Isle 
of "Wight, and mother-in-law of Warwick the King-maker. — J. H. Round. 

* Her husband was buried in St. Mary's, Warwick, where his magnificent 
monument is still to be seen. — J. H. Round. 

* Fr. Templettes : f. Fillets, or head-bands for women ; also, Jewells hanging 
vpon their forheads by bodkins thrust into their haire. — 1611. Cotgrave. 

* Pale or peach colourd rubies. — Dugdale. A Balass Ruby is a term derived 
from the French *' un nibis halais" i. e. emiUv/r de vinpaillet (light red wine). 
Balais is now used as an adjective, but was, in the 15th century, a substantive. 
See P. de Commines' account of the rout of Morat (1476) : ** lis gagnferent trois 
balais pareils, appel^ les trois Mres ; un autre grand balai appele la hotte ; un 
autre, appeU la balle de Flandres,*' &c., &c. — J. H. Round. 



BARLIBST ENGLISH WILLS. 1439, COUNTESS OF WABWICK, 117 

and of the fascjoh) lyke the mesur^ that Thomas PorchalyD) hath yn 
a lyst, and at my hede Maiy Mawdelen) leyng* my handes a-crosse, 
And seynt lohn) the Evangelyst on the lyght syde of my hede ; and 
on the left syde, Seynt Anton), and at my fete a Skochen) of myn 4 
Armes departyd ^ with my lordys, and ij Greffons to here hit vppe ; * 
And aH a-bowt my tumbe, to be made pora men) a[n]d wemen) In 
theiie pora Array, with theii' bedys In theire handes. Ati so I woli 
thei* be made of my grete sharpe,* A Chaleys, and offrytJ to our' Lady 8 
In oui* lady Ghapdi of the Howse of Tewkesbeiy. Ati:-so I woH oure 
lady of Cauarsham ^ haue a crowne of gold I-made of my cheyne that 
weylfi XXV ti, with-yn my panyei*, and wiife other broken) gold that is 
ther In, and ij tabelette^, the tone of seynta Katryna, And the tother 12 
of seynt George ; And the stony s that bene In hem, to be sett yn the 
saide Growna. AR so I woH the tabelet with the Image of oura lady 
with a glasse to-fora hit, be offred to oui^ lady of Walsyngham,^ and 

^ impalecL— J. H. Bound. 

' Supporters were then coming into fashion, but were not yet strictly heredi- 
tary, being often, as in this case, selected by individuals. The Griffin was a 
monster in much favour. Simon Segar says of it, " This beast, hayinge attayned 
unto his full strength & growth, somuch disdaineth vassalrey and subjection. That 
hee will never be surprised alive, Thereby lively sheweinge forth his magnanimous 
twofold Idngely spirit, as well of y* Lion as of y* Eagle."— J. H. Round. 

• Sharpe. Halliwell — Glossary : S?iarp (5) — guesses it as ' a sword * ! A nice 
article for Lady Warwick to wear, and order to be tumd into a Chalice ! It must 
be a gold or silver baldrick, girdle, or collar. Fr. * Eseharpe : t A Scarfe ; a 
Baudricke. ' — Cotgrave. 

• Caversham (pronounst Cawsham) in the co. of Oxford, 7} m. S.W. by S. 
from Henley upon Thames, and 1^ m. N. from Reading, in the County of Berks. 
' The Church here was Part of the first Endowment of the abbey of Notteley in 
Buckinghamshire, A.D. 1162, and afterward the Manor and a good Estate coming 
to them, here seems to have been a Cell to that Monastery, which was enriched 
by the Offerings made in the Chapel of Our Lady here, wherein (saith Dr. 
London, one of the Visitors, temp. Hen. VIII) was a famous Relic shown by one 
of the Canons, viz. the Angel with one Wing, which brought to Caversham the 
Spear Head that pierced Our Saviour on the Cross. '-^Tanner s Not, M(m, in 
Carlisle's Topogr, DicL That *one Wing* is hanily beaten by any modem 
advertisement. It would be workt from side to side like a scuU in the stem of 
a skiff, I suppoze. 

• Little or New Walsingham, in Norfolk *The famous Chapel here, 
dedicated to the Annunciation of our Lady, was built a.i). 1061, by the Widow of 
Richoldis de Favarches, in Imitation of that at Nazareth, and therein was placed 
a Prior and Convent of Black Canons by her son Geffrey, t&mp. Will. C(mq, . . , 
Robert Pigot of Little Walsingham, by his Will dated a.d. 1492, gave an House 



118 EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1439, COUNTESS OF WARWICK. 

my gowne of grene Alyi*^ cloth of gold with wyde sieves, And 
a tabernacle aH-so of syluer, lyke as the tymbur is In maner ouer oure 
lady of Cau^rsham / Ali-so I woH the grete Image of wex that is at 
4 London) be off red to oui* lady of Worcestre. and my weddynggown 
And att my clothis of gold, and clothis of silke, wit^-oute ffurrereur, 
euerychon, I woH the howse of Tewkesbery haue hem, saue my 
Eusset vellewet, I wott Seynt Wynfryde haue. Ail-so I woH that aH 
8 my stonys and perles be sold to parf orme my wyH, And aH myn) other 
syluer vesseU; and godys, saue ^that is profitable for pore folkes. 
AH-so I woH that euery man) and per^n) that hath estate In eny land 
by wey of graunt or feeffement to myn) vse, or In my name, make an 

12 estate ^ of all hit, or Belese aE hit, to suche personys that I wott and 
ordeyne to haue the execucion), & ben the executours, of this my last 
wiH and testement* / Ati:-so I woH that lane ^N'ewmarch haue CC mark^ 
in gold. And I to here att Costes as for hei^ bryngynge yn-to seynt 

16 Katrens, or where-euer she woH be elles. And att-so I woH my sone 
Harry haue myn oyche* with my grete diamond, and my Noych* witfi 
my Baleys. Item I woH Elysabeth Keston) haue jg [= 80] marke 
paid to Norman Waschebowme for hei^ mariage. And yef he gruche 

20 therwith, the mater so to ^be laboryd / and sewyd / that he be 
constrayned ther to do hit / Att-so I wott the saide Elizabeth haue, 
for the labot^r sche hat& had a-bowot me yn my Sekenysse, xx marker. 
Ail-so I wott Margaret Morgan) haue G marker. Att-so I wott that 

24 th^ maister of devenyte haue xx ti for hym self*, & to dispose wher^ 
hym lyst. Att-so I wott Colyer haue C H. Item I wott Halfhide 
haue C tL Att-so I wott Basset haue C mark*. Att-so I wott Wilt- 
shire haue C mark". Att-so I wott Colyn) of my Chambre haue xx ti. 

m or near this Town, for the Use of two leprous Persons of good Families. And 
from that Time the Hospital or Lazar House of WaLsingham is often mentioned 
in the old Will Books. — Here was an House of Franciscan or Grey Friars, 
founded about the year 1846, by Elizabeth de Burgo, Countess of Clare, the 
Foundress of Clare Hall, Cambridge.' — Tanner's Not. Mmi, in Carlisle's Top. Did. 
1 ? Alyre. » ? MS. what. » leaf 213. 

* ' an Ovche ; limula, limule, manile,* — Catholicon. See Mr. Herrtage's 
note, p. 262-8 : * a carcanet, or oiieh to hang about a gentlewoman's neck, 
wgmentwm* — Baret. Fr. mizhe, 'ozhe, coche, entaille ; ocher, cocher,*faire des 
entailles.' — Hippeau. ' Oche: f. A nicke, nocke, or notch.' — Cotgrave. 

* See Way's long note on *Nowche, Afonile/ in the Promptorivm, p. 859 s 
' Nouche, or broche, afficquet. ' — Palsgrave. 



EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1439, COUNTESS OF WARWICK. 119 

Atl-so I woti ther be fownde a prest syngyng< for me vij ^ere at Mary 

Maudelene of the holt. AH-so I woti ther be delyueryd to the 

Bishope of Herford C marker, & mora and hit nede be, to parforme 

suche thynges as I haue praye($ hyn]) to do for me. AH-so I woH 4 

that myn) executot^rs enmortese^ vnto the howse of Tewkesbery 

C mark*, or xl \i of gode lyvelode, to fynde c«7*tayiie presto sartayne 

almes and sertayne observaunce that I woH haue done for me In the 

saide howse / AH-so I woti that they that hane, or schuli haae, estate 8 

in my land? to the execuczon of this my last will, Bestore and make 

dew assithe ^ for ati manar landf that is holden) by me or yn my name 

wrongfully, yef eny be, (whecfi god for-bede and defende ;) And ati'-so 

that the[y] repare ati maner extorcion) by me doon), yef eny be / And 12 

ati-so that my dette^ be furst paide of eny thyng*, and that my 

S€niante« that haue no fee of me, terme of lyf, be rewarded after the 

discrecioD) of the executours of this my last witi. And ati the gode 

and money that is dewe to me at this tyme, I woti be delyue?yd to 16 

myne executowrs to parforme " my witi. Ati-so I woti, ordeyne, 

assigne and name, to parforme and fullyche to execute and to done 

this my present witi, and £dl that is conteyned ther-yn, sir "William 

Mountfort, lohn) ^Nansan), lohn Norreys, and "William Menston) ; 20 

And I require hem ati, and eueryche of hem, that they do trwly and 

feithfully theyre part and dever p MS.] to execute and parforme this 

my last witi, as they aS and euerych of hem woti Answere a-fore god 

at the day of dome. In witnessyng* and verrey a-pref ^ wherof, 24 

my last witi by me examynedl and closidl at London) the furst day 

of Decembre, the xviij yere Rengnyng* of oui* souereyn) lorcJ Kyng« 

Harry the vj*', I haue put the seati of my Armes. 

Probatum fuit istud testamew^wm coram magw^ro lohawne Lynde- 28 

fel(J, Commissario &c«, quarto die mensw Februarij, Anno domini 

Millesimo CCCC xxxix®, Et cowimissa fuit admiwistracio &c« domino 

"WiUeZmo Mountfort militi, & "WilleZmo Menston) &c, Eeseruata 

po^e^tate && ; Ss ha^ent xiij"^ diem mensi^ Maij i>rox.imum futun/m. 32 

Inuentan'um exhibitui* coram 'Renerejidisdmo in christo ^ledicto, &c. 

* Fr. amortir . . to grannt, alien or passe away, in Mortmains. — 1611. 
Gotgraye. Lat. ' AdmortizcUiOf PrsBdiomm translatio in manum mortnam, sea 
pnedionim acquisitio facta a monasteriis et collegiis religiosis, vel etiam laicis.' — 
D'Amis. ' Satisfaction, reparation. ' Aprooval, confirmation. 



120 BARLIEST KN0LI8H WILLS. 1439, BIB RALPH ROOHEFOBT. 

SIB RALPH EOCHBPORT, 14S9. 

[PerioncUty. Best Horse as a Burial-fee. 20«. each to Lincoln 
Cathedral, and St Qiles*s, Gripplegate. Gold sapphire Ring to the Bishop 
of Lincoln. VoltureVegg cap to Lord Cromwell. Money to a Convent 
and 2 Churches. Residue to Executors, for Testator^s Soul (^WiU of 
Realty, p. 121.)] 

(Luffenam, If. 215, hk.) 

[Laiin Testameni of some Personalty,] 

Tn dei Nomine Amen. Vicesimo sexto die mensw MarcTJ, 

Anno domini "MUlesimo CCCC"* tricesimonono, Et Anno regni 

BegM Henrici sexti post conquestum Anglie decimo septimo, Ego, 

4 Eadulphus Eochefort, Miles, in bona et sana memoria existens, 

condo, facio, ordino & constituo presens teatamentum meum in hone 

modnm : In primis lego & recoroendo animam meam deo omnipotenti, 

creatori et saloatori meo, heateque Marie Yirgini matri eins, & 

8 omnibus sanctur, corpusqz^a meum ad sepeliendt^m ybicunqt^^; deus, 

ex sua grocia sp^ciali, pro me disponere voluerit. Item lego nomine 

mortuarij mei, meum optimurn equuTn. Item lego matrici eccle^ie 

Lincolntd, xx s'. Et lego fabrice eccWie aancti Egidij extra 

12 Crepulgate,^ xx s' argenti. Item lego Reuerendo patri ac domino meo, 
dommo Wille/mo, dei gro/ta, Lincolnie episcqpo, ynum anulum auri 
cum uno magno saphiro. Item lego domino Eadulpho Cromwett,* 
dommo de Tateshale, Thesaurark? Anglie, meum ciphum vocatum 

16 « grypys ey.* * Item lego sororibus et pauperibus sancte Katerine, extra 
barras lincolnte, xiij s' iiij *, Item lego fabrice eccle«ie de Stoke,* x H 
Item lego reparacioni capelle sancti MichoeZis in le Fenne prope 

1 'Now without the Posteme of CrepUgcUe [London], first is the Parish 
Church of Saint Giles, a very faire and large Church, lately repaired, after that 
the same was humed, in the yeere 1546.'— Stow's Survey, 1633, p. 312 h. Here 
was Oliver Cromwell marrid (Aug. 20, 1620), and these folk hurid : Milton 
(1674), his father (1646), Sir Martin Frobisher (1594-5), Fox the Martyrologist 
(1587), and J. Speed the Topographer (1588). — Cunningham. 

> Sir Ralph de Cromwell, Ent., of Tatteshall, co. Line, 4th Lord Cromwell, 
and Treasurer of the King's Exchequer : died sine prole, 1455.— J. H. R. 

' A Gripe's or Vulture's egg. See two like bequests by the priest John Stur- 
geon, to hlB sister and cousin, in the last WUl, below, a.d. 1454, p. 133, 1. 4, 5. 

^ ? South Stoke or Stoke Rochford, in the Soke of Grantham, Parts of 
Kestevsn, Co. of Lincoln . . . Church ded. to St. Andrew and St Mary . . . 
It is 2 m. N.W. by N. from Colsterworth. — Carlisle, 



EARLIB8T ENGLISH WILLS. 1439, SIB RALPH ROOHEFORT. 121 

Bostofi, X tL Eesiduam y«ro omnium honorum meorum non 
legaton^m, do & lego executoribus meis, quos facio, ordino, et 
constituo, Idhannem TamwortH, lohannem Langholme, IBiicardum 
Leek, WUlelmum Massyngham, lohannem Bayncok clericum, 4 
Robertum Caileflete & Willelmvim Stanlow. Supeniisores veio buios 
teaiamenti & mee vltime voluntat/.^, prefatis executoribt^ "per me 
recitatM & declaratiff, ordino, constituo, rogo & spedaliter lequiro, 
predtc^m yenerabilem patrem meum, 'WiHelmum, Lmcobite Eptg- 8 
copuTCLf & Eadulpbt^m dominum de CromweH & de Tatesbale, 
Theaaurarium Anglie, vt ip^ ordinent & disponent pro a,nimeL mea, 
prout melius yiderint deo placere, & Becundum exigenciam & 
declaracton^m yoluntatM mei [so] p7*edict6. In cuius rei testi- 12 
monium^ buic pre^^nti testamento meo sigUlum meum apposui. 
D&tum apud Manerium meum de Fenne, die & Anno supradicttV. 

[English WUl of the Real Estate and Residue of Personalty!] 

[Wife to have her Dower in his inherited Lands and a Rent-Charge of 
£20 a-year, if she behaves properly or marries well. If she claims Dower 
out of purchast Lands, her Rent-Charge to cease. Surplus Rents of 2 
Lincolnshire Manors to go to Executors for 7 years. Sons to be traind 
at School, and then at Court.^ Entail of 3 different Estates on Sons Ralph, 
John, and Henry, with cross remainders between them ; and if they die, 
their Mother living, remainder to her, with ultimate remainder to Tes- 
tator's right heirs, or to be sold for the benefit of his Soul. Son Ralph 
to have 4 Lincolnshire Manors (p. 123) ; John, the lands bought of Sir 
Wm. Malery (p. 123) ; Henry , the lands bought of Sir Jn. Biron and 
others (p. 124), — but not till 8 years after Testator's death, — and also the 
lands in Southend, Boston (p. 125). Rent-charges given or confirmd to 
certain Servants and other folk. Profits of 2 Manors, and Personalty, to 
be uzed for Burial, Payment of Debts, Priests and Poor to sing and pray, 
keep Obit, give Wife 200 marks, and one- third his Plate and Moveables ; 
son Ralph 500 marks to get a Wife, and John and Henry 300 marks each. 
Another third of Plate and Moveables, for the benefit of Sons ; the last 
third for the purposes of the Will, and Testator's Soul. Executors to 
have £100 between em (p. 128). Sons interfering with the Will, to lose 
benefits under it Old Will of 1436 to be referd to.] 



T 



His is the last wiH of Eauf Eochefort, Knyg&t, ^First, the saide 

^ This was the altemativ to the University, and generally chosen in prefer- 
ence to it, for Gentlemen's sons. 

*' This is the second will in the 8rd person. See the first at p. 43. 



122 EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1439, SIR RALPH ROOHEFORT. 

Eauf wiH and ordeynetfi and prayetb ali his ffeffees of di his manors, 
londes and tenementes, rentes and seruices, with^ aH theirs appurten- 
at^nces, in the Countes of LincolD) and Warrewyke and elles where, to 
4 performe and fulfills his wiH yn) the forme ensuyng*. First, he will 
that Margarete his wyf haue hii' laufufi dower' of aH his maners 
londes and tenementes, rentes and seroices^ of his enheritaunce in the 
Countes for-saide, for t^me of hir lif. AH-so he wiH that the saide 
8 Margarete haue xx marker of laufuH money yerly out of the maners 
of Fenne and Skreynge, with their appurtenawnces, yn the Counte of 
Lincoln), ouer hii* dower forsaid, for terme of hii* lyf. Vnder this 
condicion, that she kepe hii* in honeste and worshupfuH gouemaunce, 

12 or elles that she be maried to hir' worships and to hi^ estate, by 
assent and CounsaiH of aH or of the most partye of his executours 
and Surveyours of his testament. And ali-so that she clayme no 
dower nor loyntfeffement, nor no thyng' do, ne wirke (that might 

16 greue his heires or his executours) In no maner degree contrarie his 
win, nor that she claime no lointestate in none other of his londes ne 
rente3 of his purchace, nor in no londes ne tenementQ^ of his purchace, 
nor in no londes, tenementes nor annuities wich he hath grauntedl to 

20 eny of his seruawntej for terme of lyf or othir wyse. And if she doo 
the contrarie to eny thyng* of this his last wiH, or make eny clayme 
yn the contrarie ther-of, Than that she haue oonly but hir dowere of 
ati his maners landes and tenementes of his enheritaunce forsai(). 

24 And aH;-so he wiH ^that all profytes and issues of the maners 
of Fenne, Skreyng*, Stoke, and Arleye, with aH theire appurtenawnces, 
that leveth^ clerely ouer the dowei^ and the xx marc* forsaid by his 
graunte to the saide Margarete yn the forme forsaide, and ouer 

28 annuites wiche he hath graunted to eny of his seruauntes for terme of 
theire lyves, or other wyse, yn the saide maners, — wiche he wiH that 
thei stande yn their strenketh, after the forme of his graunte made by 
his le^es and his seal, — that the same prc/fites and issue^ be kept and 

32 delyueryd to the Executours handes for the terme of vij yere after his 

decesse. Item he wiH that his sonnes be susteynedf and kepte to 

scoles, and aftir to courte, by ouersight and gouernaunce of his 

executours tiH they come to fuH age. And aH-so if the saide 

1 MS. wilL » leaf 216, ^ remain. 



BABLIBST ENGLISH WILLS. 1439, SIR RALPH ROOHEFORT. 123 

Margarete his wjff decesse or tyme Bauf his son) comTne at full agOi 
thaiine aB. hei* dowei*, and the xx marc* yerely forsaicP, to be kept to 
the sustenawnce of all his Children) yn the maner and fourme 
forsaide. And when Eaof his sone cometh to his fuH age, than he 4 
wiH that lie haue aH the saide maners of Fenne, Skreynge, Stoke, 
and Arleye, in the fourme forsaidf, with aH theire appurtenauncej, 
with all other reuersions, what so eu6r they bee, wanne they falle to 
hym, and to the heres of his body lauf ally be-goten). And if he 8 
discesse without heires of his body lauf ally begoten), Thanne aH the 
saide manors, with aH the saide Eeu^rsions, with their appurten- 
aunce^, in the fourme forsaid, remayn^ to lohn) his son), and to the 
heires of his body laufuUy comyng*. And yf the saide lohh) decesse 12 
withoute heires of his body comyng*. Than) he wiH that aH the 
manors forsaide, yn the saide fourme for-saide, remayne to Henry his 
sone, and to the heires of his body comyng*. And if the saide Henry 
discesse withoute heires of his body comyng<, Thanne he wiH that aH 16 
the maners for-saide, with aH theii* appurtenat^nce) in the fourme 
afor^saide, remayne to the saide Margarete his wif , if she lif ; she to 
haue aH the saide maners, londba and tenementes, with aB. their 
appartenat^nce^, for terme of hir lif / so that she kepe hir in honest 20 
and worshupfuH gou^rnaunce, and in suche m&ner and condicion as 
is before written). And aftir hir discesse, aH the saide manors, 
londes and tenementoa, rentes and reu&rsions, to remayne to his next 
heira. AH-so he wiH that aH the maners, londes and teneiTtentes, 24 
rentes & sendees wich he bought of Sir William Malery, knygh[t], 
liyng* in Northstoke,^ with all their^ appurtenauncej, be keppit in his 
feffees and executours handes, Ynto tyme lohn his sone comme to 
fuH age ; And the profit3 ther-of comyng* in the mean tyme, ouer 28 
reparacions & expenses, to be keppid to his profite, and to be 
delyueryd vnto him whan he cometh at fuH age / with aH the saide 
manere, londes, teneme/ites, rentes and seruices, with all the 
appurtenaz^nce^, to haue to hym and to the heires of his body 32 
comyng*. And if [John] discesse withoute heire of his body comyng*/ 

* Stoke, North, in the Wapentake of Winnibriggs and Threo, Parts of 
Kesteven, Co. of Lincoln ; in the Parish of Stoke . . . It is 2} m. N.W. by 
N. from Colsterworth. — Carlisle. 



124 BABLIBST BNQLISH WILLS. 1439, SIR BALPH BOOHEFOBT. 

than he wiH that aS the same maners, londes, tenam^tes, rentes & 
seruices, wtt^ the appurtenai^nces, remayne to Henry his sone in the 
fourme be-fore saide. And if he die wil^onte heires of his body 
4 comyng*, or tyme he come to f uti: age or aftirwar($, Thanne the saide 
maners, londes, tenem^ttes, rentes & sluices, with the appurten- 
atinceSy to remayne to Margarete his wyf for terms of hir lif ; And 
aftir hir discesse, to be sold by the executours. And aH the money that 
8 may be resceyued therof , that hit be done for his soule, by adnys of 
the executours, as they wiH answers be-fore god, to prestes and pore 
men), in almes dede, and other wise as hem thenk that best is for hele 
of his soule. And ali-so that ati those maners, londes, tenementes, 

12 wich he hath purchased of Sir lohn) Biron) in Stoke ^ and Obthorpe^ 
& Thurleby ^ & Dembleby * in Kesteuen) / and of other diuers men 
in Arleye, Fenne, and Skreynge, aftir suche annuytes boren) out 
of hem seuerally like as he hath graunted to diuers men), that thos 

16 same maners, londes & teneme^ites, viij yere aftir his decesse, rem lyne 
and abyde in the feefes handes. And the rentes and profite^ ther-of 
to be receyuyd by the executours, and expendid in the fulfillyng* of 
his W^ ; And aftir the saide viij yere to be / to the vse of the saide 

20 Eauf his son), and to the heires of his body comyng*. And if he die 
withoute heires of his body comyng*, than the same maners, londes 
and tene/Tiewtes f orto remayne to lohn) and Henry, his brether,^ aither 
® aftir othir in the taile, in the forme aforsaide. And if aH thre 

24 sonnes die withoute heires of theii* bodies, theire moder than lyuyng*, 
then«she for to haue aH: the same maners, londes and tenemerates 
duryng^hei? lif; And after hii* decesse, to be sold by the Executours, 

^ SotUh Stohe, or Stolce Rochford is 6 miles from Grantham, in Grantham 
Soke, Lincolnshire. 

^ Obthorpe and NorHkorpe are 2 hamlets in the Parish of Thurlby, 6 miles N. 
^om Market Beeping. — Moole, Engl, OourUies Delineatedf ii. 201 a, 

• There are 2 Thurlbys in Eesteren : 1. Thurlby , in the Lower Division of 
the Wapentake of Boothby Graffo, Parts of Eesteven, Co. of Lincoln ... 10 m. 
S.W. from Lincoln. 2. Thurlby, in the Wapentake of Ness, Parts of Kesteven, 
Co. of Lincoln . . , SJ m. N.N.W. from Market Deeping. (A third Thurlby is 
in the Wold Division of the hund. of Calceworth, Parts of Lindsey, Co. of 
Lincoln . . . 2]^ m. E. from Alford.) — Carlisle. 

* Denibleby, in the Wapentake of Aveland, Parts of Kesteven, Co. of Lincoln 
...6m. N.W. by W. from Folkingham.— Carlisle. 

6 Brothers. • leaf 216, back. 



EA.RLIBST BNOLISH WILLS. 1439, SIR RALPH ROOHBFORT. 125 

and disposidf for his sowle, like as hem shaH seme that best is, and 
most meritoire ^ & behouef oH in that partye. And as touchyiig« att the 
londes, ten^m^etes and rentes in Southende in Boston),^ beyng* in his 
feffees handes, he wiH that his execatoars shaH haue the issues and 4 
profite) vnto the tyme that Henry his sone comme to fuli age, to the 
vse of the same Henry, And than for to delyuery the same londes, 
tenemantes and rentes vnto the same Henry, to haue to hym and the 
heires of his body comyng^. And if he die withouten) heire of his S 
body, than to Eauf his brother, and his issue ; And aftir him and his 
issue, to lohh) his brother, and his issue in the taila And for defaute 
of issue of hem aH thre, then the same londes, tenem^ntes and rentes 
for to remayna to theii' moder, if she than liff ; And elles to remayne 12 
to the next heires of the saide Rauf, yn way of enheritaunce. Ali-so 
as touchyng* the manors of Stoureprewe and Newtoi])-Longvile,^ wherin 
he hath certayn termes to endure, as hit apperit& seuerally by the 
kyngges k^^res patentes, he witt that of the issues, profit^ and 16 
leuenues of thos two manors with the appurtenaunce^, that cartayne 
annuities borna oute of hem, wich are expresse($ hera-aftir in this wiH 
to dinars of his saruantys^ that is to say, to Margery Loughton) yerely 
out of Stoureprews duryng* the tarmes therof, xxvj s' viij *; And 20 
oute of Newton) Longvile, to Bobart Caileflete duryng* the tarmes 
therof, 1 * s* ; to lohn) Newbery, xxvj s* viij * ; lohii) ComwaiH, xxvj s' 
viij * ; lohn) Mora, xxyj s' viij * ; William Basse, xxvj s* viy * ; 
Nich(A Penbroke, xxvj s' viij * ; lohn) Iohn)soh), xx s' ; lenyn 24 
Bavengei^, xiij s' iiij * ; lofin Pallyng*, xiij s' iiij * ; Hichard Skott, ig s' 
viij *, yerely, duryng* the saide tarmes of N'ewton)-Longvyle. AH-so 
that Richard Leke haue still his annuite yn Arley for tarme of his lif, 

^ Fr. 'Meritoire: com. Meritorious, weU deseniing, worthie of reward.'— 
1611. Cotgrave. 

> Boston, a large, well-built town, of Lincolnshire, seated on both sides of the 
river Witham, by means of which, much assisted by navigable canals, it carries 
on a considerable trade to London, and some to the Baltic, kc The church 
spire is very lofty, and a noted sea-mark . . . Boston is 87 miles S.E of 
Lincoln, and 116 N, of London. — Walker's Qazettevr, 1801. 

* ? The Newton 4 miles N. W. from Folkingham, or that between Gedney-Fen 
and Cambridgeshire (Walker), or that by Toft, 4) miles from Market-Rasen 
(Moule). The only Newton LongvUle in Moule, i 16£ a, is also cald ' Newington,' 
and is in Bucks, 8^ miles S. W. from Fenny Stratford. 

* fifty shillings. 



126 BARLIBST BNOUSH WILLS. 1439, SIR RALPH ROOHEFORT. 

accordyng* to his dede of annuite that he hath ther-ypoo). Also he 
wiH that Eohert Cailflet and lohane his wyf haue and reioys^ for 
terms of their lyves, and of eyther of them lengest lyvyng*, the place 
4 in Eston) ^ st^mtyme callyd Botiller Place, in such manere and fourme 
as the dede of grawnt of the saide Rohert and lohane makith 
mencion) in that partie. AH-so that William Stanlow reioys peisibely 
and haue confermycl vnto hym by the feffees of the saide Rauf , a mese 
8 of londes & tenem^tes in Dembleby & Waterwilughby,' to haue to 
the same William Stanlowe and his assignes for terms of xx yere. 
AU-so that Jenyn) Berangei', his seruant, haue for terme of his life a 
place in Fenne Amutyme (]), called Burton) Place, by way of reward 

12 for his long* seruice, ouer the xiij s' iiij of Annuite. Ati-so that 
lohn) Coke, his seruaunt, haue in Stoke a place called Prestplace, for 
terme of his lif, the wych is yerely of rent x s*, in reward for his long* 
seruice. And all-so he wili that the saide Eobert Caileflete haue 

16 Obthorpe and Thurleby in Kesteuen), that was purchased of sir lohn) 
Biron), in the name of annuite of .1. s' for terme of lif of the saide 
Eobert. And ati-so he wili that, of the issues and profitej of the 
saide Manere of Stoureprewe and Newton) Longevile with the 

20 appt«rtenat«nces, the saide annuites born) and deduit oute of hem, that 
the executours haue and receyue all the same issues and profit^ 
duryng* the saide terme, that they may therwith, and Yrith all the 
othir reuenues and profites of all the Maners, londes and tene?nentes 

24 that they shall haue and receyue by this wiH aftir his decesse, And 
with aH othir dettes beyng^ due to hym at the day of his deth, and 
aH his other godes and stuffe« ^ meveable that he leveth vnto hem as to 
his executours, First brynge hym to the Erthe honestly, as his Estate 

28 asketh ; And than next for to ordeyne and paye all his dettes ; And 
also to here Charges of such prestes and poor men) as ensuyth : That 
is to say, at Stoke, a prest and iij bedmen) / a prest at Newton 
Long vile, and a prest at Fenne, for to synge and pray for his sowle 

32 dailly. And yf Fryre Barton)* will a-bide still and synge att the 
Fenne, than he wiH that the same Barton), for such tyme as he will 

* rejoice, enjoy. 

> Easton, Lincolnshire, between Stamford and Grantham. — Walker. 

* WilUmgKbyy Scots, or fFcUer, lincolnshire, N. of Folkingham. — Walker. 

* or *8tuflFc.' • ? MS. Bacton'. 

jr 



EARLIEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1439, SIR RALPH ROGHEFORT. 127 

synge there, haue yerely .V. nobles for his .salarie for that diuine 
seruice. Also he wiH that his obyte be kept yerely f oi^ euermore yn 
the parissh Chirch of Stoke ; and for sustenawnce therof , he will that 
his executours ordeyne yerely xx s' to be receyuedf of a place that he 4 
purchased! of the executours of lohu) Symond, sumtyme called 
Elewardf Place in Fenne, and to be expended? to fe ^vse of the saide 
obyte for euermore. And than of the residue that so shsfi remayne 
of the saide issues and profits^ of the manars, and of other godes with S 
the executours, ouer aA the saide charges resonably to be consideryd / 
and to be born) as is afore, and shaH be here-aftyr in this wili 
rehersed, that Dame Margarete his wyf, if she goueme hir worship- 
fully, like as is aboue reherseJ, haue CC mark of money, or eUes x ti 12 
yerely of the issues and profit^ of the saide manors of Stoureprewes 
and N'ewtoiiVLongvile duryng^ the tarmes ther-of. And ouer that, she 
to haue ood) party of ali his plate and other godes moevable, yf she 
be gouemyd? worshipfully accordyng* to his witi in the fourme a-fore- 16 
saide. And that Eauf, his sone, haue ordeynec) for to by him a 
manage .V.*' marc ; And either of his two brethern) lohn) and Henry 
CCC marc, if hit wiH suffice ther-to, and so ferre street ouer all othir 
charges forsaide to be borne / and thes sommes for to be reysecJ of the 20 
saide deitesy and of the saide issues and "proQi^ of the saide manors of 
Stoureprewes & Newton-Longvile / Also as touchyng* a-nothir parte 
of his saide plate and othir stuff of godes moevable, that his execu- 
iouTSy by aduys of the Surveyours, demene, goueme & distribute of 24 
that parte to ychone of his saide sonnes in releyung' and pref erryng* 
of hem, like as [by] theii^ discrecions it shaH seme hem nedefuH and 
resonable / hauyngf consideracion to aH othir charges that most algates 
be bom) yn paymentys of his saide dette* / and other wyse to the ease 28 
of his sowle. And as touchyng* the parte of a^ the saide plate, and 
of his othii' stuffe of godes mevable so then remaynyfig*, he wiH that 
his saide executours goueme and dispose that third parte in such 
maner and fourme / as in diuine seniices, almes dedes, and othir 32 
werkes of charite, payment of his dettesy and all othir dueez and 
gouemances for the pcrformyng' of his wyH / like as by theire 
discrecions, by the aduys of the saide Survyours, it shall seme most 

» leaf 217. 



128 EARLIBST ENQLISH WILLS. 1439, SIB RALPH BOCHEFOBT. 

necessarie and spedefuH to the hele of his sowle. Also he wiH that 
his executours haue of the saide godes, for theii* reward and labour, 
•G. tl to be distribute and departid amonges hem, to ychon) of hem 
4 aftir his charge and labour. And J^at wlc& of hem that no charge of 
mynistracion of his testament in execuc/on of his will takith ne 
workitK, shfdl no reward haue of the saide .G. H And ail-so wich of 
hem as laboureth for the execucion) of his wiH, and taketh ypon him 
8 mynystracion), shaH haue for his resonable costes that he del£ yn that 
partie at all tymes. Also he wiH that if his wyf or eny of his saide 
sonnes worke the contrarye of this his present wille, in lettyng* 
or distourbyng* the saide executours of f ulfillyng' ther-of, that than 

12 ])ey shaH lose aduantage and benefite of this his present will:. AH-so 
if ther be eny clause or matier in his olde wiH made the xiiij yere of 
the kyng< that now is, to the wich it shaH seme to the saide 
executours, by aduys of the Surveyours, for to be necessary to resorte, 

16 and to take remembraunce of, for the more playne execuczon of this 
his present wiH / that in such case the saide executours haue futt 
power, by the aduys of the said Surveyours therof, to put in execucton, 
in rewardys of seruauntes, and othir wyse yn all manei' poyntes, like 

20 as in that partye after their' conscience and good discrecions it shaH; 
seme hem necessarie for to be done and executed for the most ease of 
his entent. And yn witnesse of this his present last will, the 
forsaide Eauf here-to hath sette his seale the xij^** day of March In 

24 the yere of oure lord god W CCCC xxxix** And in the xviij ^ yere of 
the reigne of Kyng* Henry the sext. 

Probata faerunt dic^a testamen^c^m & vltima voluntas coram 
Magufro lohanne Lyndefeld, xix die mensi^ Maij, anno domini 

28 Mille^mo GGGG quadragesimo, et commissa f uit administracto && 
diBcrett^ viris WilleZmo Massyngham & Boberto Gaileflete execu- 
iortbus & &, Eeseruata potestate & &,& ha5ent citra f estz^m Michoelis 
ex futuro ad exhibendtim Inuentan't^m & c. 

1 'dedmo septimo,' the Latin Testament says rightly, and March 26 for the 
day. The 17th of Henry YI. was from 1 Sept. 1438, to 31 Aug. 1489. 



J f. 



EARLIEST ENOUSH WILLS. 1438-9, SIR THOS. BROOK. 129 



SIR THOS. BROOK/ KNIGHT, OP COBHAM, 1438-9. 

[To be buried in Thomcomb Church ; 13 poor men to hold a torch 
each at the Obit ; all poor blind or lame folk there to have Ad. each, and 
other needy ones Id. Wife to defend Testator's Servants from prosecu- 
tion by his Children and others. Residue to Wife, for herself and the true 
Servants, and to marry Testator's unmarrid Children with.] 

(Luffenam, If. 217, bk.) 
Tostamentum Thome Brook*, militt5. 

In the name of the Fadyr & of the sonne & of the holy goost, so be 
hit now & evyr! the xij day of Februare, the ^ere fro the 
Incamacion of oui* lord ihesu cryst M° cccc"® xxxviij**. I. Thomas 
Brook*, kny^te & lord of Cobham,^ beyng* yn hole mynde & goode 4 
witte, make my testament in this wyse. Fyrste I by-seche the most 
blessid Trinyte to haue mercy on me, And that thorow the prayer of 
the blessid Virgyne Marye, the moder of oure lord ihesu cryst, & of 
aH the sayntys that ben in hevyn), that I, wrechid synner, my^t the 8 
rather to haue grace worthily to be-way le my synnys or that my sowle 
departe owte of this world, so that hit may be fownde clone Ss 
worthy, thorow trwe repentaunce & contynuaH for-thenkyng*, to be 
ressenyd in to the blysse that euyr shaH last. More-ouer hit is my 12 
witt that my body be buryd yn the nortfi yle of the chirch of 
Thomecoumbe.^ And that at the day of my buryng* ther be saide iij 
masses, And ail-so that yer be xiij pore men) clothid in white, 

* Son of Sir Thomas Brook, Knt. (see p. 26). Married Joan Braybroke, great- 
granddaughter and heiress of John of Cobham, 2nd Lord Cobham. — J. H. 
Bound. 

* Cobham Hall, Kent, 8 miles W. of Rochester, now the seat of the Earls of 
Damley. — J. H. Round. (At Cobham in Surrey, on the river Mole, 19 miles S. 
by W. of London, I once saw a friend pull out a 41b. perch.) 

* Thomcombe, Devonshire, N.E. of Axminster. — Walker. It is locally 
situated in Dorsetshire, in an insulated part of Devonshire, and is 8 miles W. 
from Beaminster. (See also p. 26.) 

B. E. WILLS. K 



130 BABLIEST ENOLISH WILLS. 1438-9, BIB THOS. BROOK. 

holdyng' eche of hem a torghe brennyng* at the dirige & at the masse 
yn the day of my obyte. And afterward the torgis to be dalt .iij. of 
hem to the Chirch of Thomecombe, & the remaynande of the torgis 
4 to X of the nedyest paryschirches yn the Cuntre by sidys. Att-so it 
is my wiH that euery pore blynde, or lame man) or woman) that 
cu77»myt& to myne obite, haae iiij \ Aft-so it is my wiH fat enerj 
pore nedy man), woman or child that cummytK to my obyte haue 
8 .1.* AHh30 it 13 my wiH that euery man) or woman) that commytH 
home to Holdyche ^ yn the day of my obyte after the masse is do at 
Thomecumbe^ that thay haue sufficiante mete & drynke. Afi-so hit 
is my wyH, that if fer be eny of myne owne childryri), or eny other 

12 man), that will trouble, disese, or pursew of my trew s«^ruandys, & yn 
specisdl, lohn) Battiscoumbe, WiH Tavern) or lohn) Corbrigge, that my 
wyff, wiih alle the lordeshipg and frendship^ that she may gete, 
socour hem, helpe hem, & defende hem, from the malice of myne 

16 owne children) & of all ofer, whiles she hath eny gode wherwith to 
withstands her^ IvyH wytt. AH-so hit is my wiH that Clowys haue 
.V. mark*. And the residue of all my godys that be not be-qwedyt 
yn this my testament, I 3eue and by-qweth to my wyf, to helpe hir 

20 witfi, & my trwe seruandys a-foresaide. And aH-so to helpe for to 
mary my children) that ben nojt maryd. And that this my testament 
may truly be executyd, I make and ordeyne my wyfe myn executrice / 
and yf she wiH, Edward my sone,^ sir lankyn Byschope witfi hir / 

24 Probatum fuit. [In margin] acquietati sunt vere. 

[The other English wills in " Luffenam " are those of 

Thomas Burton of " Lughtburght," 27 March 1447, (mixt 
English and Latin, and imperfect,) leaf 222, back. 
28 Robert Saykyn, draper, of London, 20 Sept'. 1444, leaf 230, 
back. 

Sir Wauter Lucy, knight, 18 July, 1444, If. 231, back (2 pages 
long). 
32 William Wharplod of Chalfhunt Seynt Gyle (1 Berkshire or 
Backs), proved 27 November, 1447. 

John Throokmartbn (of Fladbury in Worcestershire 1), 12 April, 
1445. leaf 248. 

1 See p. 27. • her =* their. 

' Summoned to Parliament as ** Edwardo Brooke de Cobham, Chiv," 13 Jui; 
1445.— H. Bound. 



EARLIEST EliOLISH WILLS. 1454, NICHOLAS STURGEON. 131 

Eichard Shipley, 26 Jan^ 1444 (" Also y wille and charge that 
myn exequies be not outragely done in expenses of vanites of 
Candilstikkes, torches, and suche other, but deuoutely. And the coste 
that shal be doo thanne, be yeue to pouere med, and that [so] that 4 
haue nede "), leaf 250, back. 

Johfl Wtntbr, Squyer, of the shire of Sotheray, 20 May, 1445 : 
leaf 252, back. (" Also to Heny Perreur a new gowne of Russet 
furred with blak lambe, that y had new at Crystenmesse, and also my 8 
wode knyf, and a lyned gowne of russet of my maistre Fastolf 
liuerey,"'lf. 253.) 

William Babthorp, Baron of the King's Exchequer, 26 Oct 
1442. leaf 258 (bk : "Also I wille that the kirkerevys of the 12 
parish chirch of ClerkenweH haue xiij s' iiij & for to spend on the 
onoumient^ of the same kirke "). 

John Malton, gentleman. 6 Aug. 1447, If. 274. 

Richard Kbtrych, Grocer, of London. 4 Oct. 1447 (26 Hen. VI). 16 

Richard Alred, Squire, of Boreham, Essex, 8 May, 1446, leaf 
275, back. 

Roger LoYBDEN of Bristol, Merchant, 18 July, 1447, leaf 279 
(back : " Also I bequethe to my wyfe all my store of howsolcf 20 
of beddyng, helyng Costwrs of hallys and chambrys and kechyn,").] 



NICHOLAS STURGEON, PRpiST, 1454. 

[To be buried in the Lady-Chapel at the N. door of St PauFs. Goods 
to be uzed for Testator's Soul ; but bequests given, of Money, a Chalice, 
Vestments, Bed of green silk, gilt Piece jeweld, silver Pots, 2 Vulture's- 
egg Cups, green worsted Bed, Costers, Hall-hangings, Silver Cups, 6«. a 
year for a Boy's SchooliDg, a blue Bed with Sheets, &c., Gowns, Ac. A 
Priest to sing for 7 years for Testator.] 

Ecus (Prerog. Court), If. 7«, back. 
Sturgeon). [In margin,] 

In the blessyd name of the holy trinite, the Fader, the sone, the holy 
gost, three persons in oon substaunce, the last day of the Moneth 
of May, In the yere of Incamacioun of our lorde Jhesvi Crist a M* 24 
cccc Uiij, And in the yere of the Reigne of Kyng Harry the vj after 
the conquest xzxij, I, Nicholas Sturgeon, preest, most vn worthy to 

K 2 



132 KARUEST ENGLISH WILLS. 1464, NICHOLAS 8TX7BOBON. 

lutue that wuishipful name & office, beyng in good bodely heHh, 
with hole & stedfast mynde ordeyne & make my testament in 
this wise. In the first, y bequeth my sowle to the grete mercy of al 
4 myghty god, my wrecchid body to the erthe sanctified and halowec), 
to be buryed in the ChapeH of our blessyd lady & a&ynt Nicholas 
now of new edefiec) atte Northdore of the Cathedral cherche of seynt 
pawle of london) ; ^ And aH my wordly goodes to be demened for the 
8 merites of my sowle withouteii eny vayn) glorie, by the wise aviso of 
myn) Executouris, my dettes and duetes to be payee) next after the 
costes don) in myne entierement ; Eeparacions and impleme/rtts dwe 
to the seyde Cathedral Chirche of seynt powle, truly to be content 

12 after the maner and forme as y receyved hem. Item, y bequeth to 
the makyng of the Steple of the paryssh cherche of seynt Awstyns in 
london), nexte powles chircheyerd,^ xl s'. It^m y bequeth to the 
parissh cherch of Henstrygge,' a chalyce of the price of Ixvj s' viij (). 

16 Item y bequeth to the parissh cherche of seynt Andre we in 
Aysperton),^ a yestement of blak< for prest, deacon), and subdeacon), of 
the prys of x. ti, or within ; myne exequyes and obite day to be kept 
solempny ther duryng the terme of vij yere ; for the expenses of the 

20 which y bequethe xlvj s*, viij d, that ys to sey, for enerj yere vj a' 
iiij d. Item y bequethe to the wursshipful Monasteryes of Crist- 
chirc^ of Caunterbury, of seynt Awstyn in the same towne, and of 
seynt Albanes,* xx" myle from london), Ix s', by evyn porcyons, to 

2i enerj hows xx s\ in remembraunce of my Fratemite, the more 
specially they to pray for me. Furthermore, y bequethe to my cosyn 

^ The prezent architect of St. Paul's, Mr. F. C. Penrose, says this is the first 
authority he has seen for the situation of the Chapel of St. Nicholas in old St. 
Paul's. 

' The Parish Church of St. AtigusUne, and one house next adjoyning, 
in JFatheling streete, is of this Ward called Faringdon. This is a faire Church, 
and lately well repaired.— Stow's Survey, 1633, p. 361 a. Burnt in the Great 
Fire of 1666, and rebuilt by Wren. See p. 113 abuv, note 2. 

* Benstridge, Somersetshire, E. of Milbom Port. — Walker. On the borders 
of Dorsetshire, 9 miles S.W. from Shaftesbury, and 6 miles N.E. from 
Sherboum. Church dedicated to St. Nicholas. — Moule. (Eastward from 
Eelston or Eelweston (on the borders of Glo'stershire, 4 miles N.W. from Bath) 
is Henstridge or Eelston Bound Hill, which commands an extensive prospect. 
— Moule, i. 415 a.) * In Hertfordshire. 

* Asperton, Herefordshire, near Stow-Chapel and Stretton. — Walker. 



BARLIBST BNOLISH WILLS. 1454, NICHOLAS STURGEON. 133 

lohan Frowyk, my bed of grene sylke, wij> the testowr & Canape 
ther-to, palid tartyn)^ white and rede, And the gilde pece wi)) smale 
stones sett ther-on. Item y bequethe to my suster Bartrice my 
syluer pottes. And the beter cuppe of the grypes eye.^ Item y 4 
bequethe to my cosyn Margrete Shipton) that other gripes eye, and 
bed of grene wurstede, with the costers longyng ther-to. Also 
y bequeth to my brother lohri) Sturgeon) the hallyng with the 
ix wurthy,* And vj cuppes of Sylver stondyng on low fete, witJi ^ 
the coueryng therto. And as tochyng my brother Eichard, y 
call) not assigne no thyng of my good recompensible to his good 
brotherhede, wherfor notwithstondyng this, my wili thus disposid : 
If ther be eny thyng that he wold desire ther-of to his vse, terme of 12 
his lyff, y wuH that he haue it. Item y bequeth to my cosyn 
Thomas Ryke, a stondyng cuppe gilde, with chased werk. Item y 
bequethe to myn cosyn Eichard Eyke, a cuppe of syluer couered ; 
And for to fynde to gramer scole my cosyn), his sone William, xx 16 
iiij s for the tyme of iiij. yere. Item y bequethe to my cosyn 
Margrete Dowrigge a stondyng pece of syluer couered. Item y 
bequethe to lohfl * Anglesey my seruawnt x ti. And a blew bed 
with the lyouw Curteynes, Couerled, blankettt^, a peyre of shetw and 20 
a gowne. Item y bequeth to Bartlet my seruai^nt, xx s' and a gowne. 
Item I bequethe to Thomas Bisshoptre, xl s\ Item y bequethe to 
Thomas Gylbert, xl s'. Item I bequethe to lohn) Gardyner, x^vj s', 
viij cJ, and a Eiding gowne with the hode. Item y bequethe to sir 24 
William lulyari), xij mark* for to sjnig for me with a special Colett. 
Item y bequethe to lohn) of the kechyn, vj s' viij dl. And to be new 
arayd. Item y bequethe to lohri) Wylkynsone of the kechyn, vj s' 
viij dl, and his wages beyng be-hynde. Item y bequeth to Eichardf 28 
Bamvile, xiij s*. viij dl. Item to lohn) Wichard, vj s' viij d. Item to 
lohri) Wemme, xiij s\ iiij (J. Item to Thomas, Thomas my Cooke, 

' ? for * tarteryn, tartaryn,* a kind of silk. 

' See Sir Ralph Rochefort's Latin Testament abuv, p. 120. 

* Compare in Shakspere's Love* 8 Labour* s Lost, Y. i. 124-5, " Sir, you shall 
present before her the Nine Worthies." And Doll's opinion of Falstaffe : " thoa 
art as valorous as Hector of Troy, woorth fine of Agamemnon, and ten times 
better than the nine Worthies."— 2 ITen, IF, II. iv. 236-9. Quarto 1. 

« leaf 79. 



134 BARUBST BNGLISH WILIA 1454, NICHOLAS 8TUBGB0N. 

oweth me xx s', the whiche y pardon) and foryeve hym. Item 
y bequethe xl s* euenly to be departyd bytvrene lohn) Saymowr, to 
lohn) Meryco, and William Clere. And all myne other goodes what- 
4 so-euer they fortune to be, in valoe^r, detti^, and aH after my dett/« 
weli and truly payed, myn) expenses and costes funaratt dong, and all 
my bequestes comprysed in this my testament fufilled & p69*formed, 
And yf they may suffice ther-to, for to iynde a preest able and 
8 honest of conuersacyon, and of good rule, to syng for pie in 
the forseide chapel of new edefied, atte awter ther, be vij yer^. And 
ellys yf my seide goodes, Residues, and detti9 may not suffice thereto, 
than y wul that myn Executotcrs, be ther good discrecons, modere 

12 and modefye suche thynggtV as ys set and lymet afore, For it is not 
myn6 entent to charche hem eny ferther than my goodes %vil strecche 
to and suffice. The whiche myn) Executoz^rs y.ordeyne and name, 
Eichard Sturgeon), lohn Sturgeon) thelder, Thomas Frowyk*, son) of 

16 harry Frowyk*, and Thomas Eyke. And to eueryoh of hem y 
bequethe C s'. Into the witnessyng of whiche thyng, to this pr<;sent 
my testament y haue set my seale : y-youen) at london the day and 
yere aboueseide. / Probatum fuit ddctum. testa«nen^um coram Commis- 

20 sario predicto, octauo die Mensi^ lunii, Anno Dommi predict. Et 
commissa est admui?stracto om7iit^m bonon^77i &c. lohanni Sturgeon, 
Thome Frowyk, & Thome Eyke, QXAdtUorihiis in dicto testam6/^o 
nominatttf &c. Ees^uata potestas Eicare^o Sturgeon) &c Et dimissi 

24 sunt, &C. 

[Other English wills in Rous, 

A.D. 

If. 78, Wylliam Oressener, 1464. 

„ 89 bk., Thomas Morsfede (long), 1450. 

„ 108, John Knight, 1442. 

„ 118 bk.; John Hotof t, 1 443. 

„ 1 46, Eich*. Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, 1 437, prov'd 1 439.] 



NOTES TO pp. 3 — 5. WIDDOVS WEDDING TO GOD. 135 



NOTES. 



p. 3, 1. 10. a gerteyn (weeklj allowance). This expression occurs in 3 
later wills in the Probate Begistrj, from Worsted, Norfolk, as meaning, in one 
case a sum of money ; in two others, a religious service : — 

John Glavetn (Worsted, Norfolk), in his Will, A.D. 1605 (42 Holgrave), 
refers to a ** perpetual serteyn " which was assigned by the Will of one Thos. 
Glaveyn, ** that is to say, iiij" iiij^ to be distribute to xij powre persons on seynt 
Brices day.** 

John BUBGH (Worsted, Norfolk), in his Will, A.D. 1496 (31 Vox), says : " I 
bequeith xxx" iiij^ for to have a eerteyn rehersed in the church ... by the 
prest or Curate . . . fore my soule and my frondes soules during the terme of 
vij yeres." 

John Bolt, by his WiU, A.D. 1499 (39 Home), bequeaths money '' pro 
lino le certeyne celebrand^ " in the church of Worsted (Norfolk). 

p. 4. Lady Alice West: ^^ was the daughter of Reginald Fitz-Piers, 

and Widow of Sir Thomas West, knight, who died 3 Sept. 1386. — J. H. 
Round. 

p. 4, 1. 6. Hyntvn Marcel : Hlnton Martel, Badbury Hundred, Dorset. — 
«. H. a^ 

p. 4, 1. 11. Thomas, my tone : Sir Thomas West, knight, summoned to 
Parliament, 21 June, 1402. — J. H. R. 

p. 6, 1. 1. Costers, These were also used in Churches : " Costers, A 
name given to hangings for the sides of an altar or choir." — Pugin. 

p. 6, 1. 3. A WUow'sWedding to God, p. 60, 1. 24 ; p. 61, 1. 5 : And if she 
take \>e m-antel and \>e rynge, and auowe chastite.-^The form of the Ceremony 
— Benedietio Vidue — is given in the Liber Pontificalis of Edmund Lacy, Bp. of 
Exeter (appointed A.D. 1420^), ed. R. Barnes, 1847, p. 122-6. Between the Epistle 
and Gospel, the Widow kneeling during Service, before the Bishop (who sits on a 
faldstool), is askt whether she wishes to be the spouse of Christ, and give up the 
lusts of the flesh. She then puts in the Bp.'s hands the following Profession : 



* He was with Hen. V. at Agincourt In 1415, as Dean of the Chapel Royal. 



136 NOTES TO pp. 6 — 11. CHAUCBR*8 CANTERBURY TALES, 

'I. N., Wedow, avoue to God perpetnell chastite of my body from henceforward, 
and in the presence of the honorable fadyr in God, my Lord N., by the grace 
of God, Bishop of N., I promytt stabilly to leve in the Church, Wedow. And 
this to do, of myne own hand, I subscribe this wrytyng. (And after, let her 
make the sign of the Cross.) " 

The Bishop then prays, and blesses the Mantle and puts it on the Widow. 
Then he blesses the Ring, sprinkles it with holy water, and puts it^ as the sign 
of her marriage to Christ, on the Widow's finger, saying : 

** Accipe, famula Christi, anulum, fidei signum, connubii indicium, quern 
devota deferas, casta custodias, quoad amplexus di^ini sponsi coronanda 
pervenias. Per Christum Dominum nostrum. Oremus." 

He says 3 Prayers accordingly, and the matter is ended. Miss Mary 
Lambert kindly referd me to this Pontifical, 

p. 5, 1. 13. hokes of latyn^ englUch, andfrensch. Compare the earliest 
bequests of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales and Boece known to Mr. Challenor 
Smith in John Brinchele's Will, 1420 (Commissary Court of London, More, 
If. Ixiiyo, back) : — 

July 4, 1420. *' Ego, Johannes Brynchele, Ciuis k Cissor Londoni^ 

Item relaxo et condono Johanni Broun^ totum illud debitum in quo michi 
ienetur de meis bonis pr^prijs. Et volo quod habetkt ilium librum yocatum 
Boecius de Consolatione FhilosophiQ in latinis, quem hai^ui ]pro vadio Alterius 
libri Angliam,^ vocati Boecius de Consolacione Vhilosophie. Item lego David 
Fyvyan, Rectori eoolesie sanoti Benedicti Fynk^ suprodicti. vt sit sup^ruisor 
presentU testamenti mei, vj s' viij d, et xuum libru97i in Anglicis vocatitm 
Boecium de Consolacione Vhilosojfhie, Item lego Will^Zmo Holgrave, vt sit 
Tnus exeontoTmn meort/m, vj s* viij d, et optimum Arcu?^ meum, et librum 
meum vocatum Talys of Caunt^rbury " 

Will proovd, " xiij kalendarum Septembrif, Anno domini M* CCCC"* xx"*." 

p. 6, 1. 21. Chales, " Chalice, The vessel in which the sacred Blood of 
our Iiord is consecrated." — Pugin. 

p. 6, 1. 22 ; 76/4. '* Cremetts, small vessels of glass or metal, to contain 
the wine and water intended for consecration at the Altar. « , . The body of 
the orewetts should be made of crystal, glass, or some transparent subsfcance 
to enable the celebrant to distinguish readily between the wine and water • . 
although . • w in the old English inventories they [the crewetts] are generally 
described as of silver, whole or parcel gilt." — Pugin, Gloss, of Eecl, Ornament, 
The difference was no doubt markt by the differing shapes of the 2 crewetts. 
Even the two crystal ones engraved in Pugin are of different size and shape, 

p. 10, 4th line of heading, for Helmdon read Hillingdon. 

p. 10, last line of footnote, read *' Hillingdon is 14 m. W. of Hyde Park 
Comer, 1 J m. S.E. of Uxbridge Station." 

p. 10, note 2. Illugtrated London Nefvs : of Dec. 27, 1873. 

p. 11, 1. 18. for Helmdon read Helindon. 

* {Anglici. 



NOTES TO pp. 14 — ^19. 137 

p. 14, 1. 4, for huh^ read YiyjXusmiodi ; 1. 6, for ven^runt read venf rint. 

p. 15, 1. 12 ; 17/3, ^<5' I^^^HQ^ ^^ ^^t^* {Placebo,) Vespers for the dead 
were " known by the term * Placebo,* because such is the first word of that 
service, the anthem before the first psalm being ' Placebo Domino in regione 
vivorum.' ^ Mortuary solemnities always began with even-song in the after- 
noon ; on the early morrow, matins and lauds were chanted, after which Mass 
was sung/* . . 

** As the first anthem at matins commenced with * Dirige ' . . . the whole 
of the moming*s service, including the Mass, came to be designated a * Dirige * 
or * Dirge.* '* — Bock, Citurch of our Fathers^ II., 503. — M. L, 

p. 15,1. 12. Masse of Requiem, In the Rom.-Cath. Office and Masses for 
the Bead^ 1853, the ' Bequiem ' (Bequiem seternam dona eis, Domine, et lux 
perpetua luceat eis') occurs thrice in ^ The Mass for all the Faithful departed,' 
p. 65—71. 

p. 16, \,7XS^jpercyd. — The copy of this Will of Bobert Averay in Brown 
(C. C. London), leaf 200 back, reads * partyd.* 

p. 17, 1. 24. — The copy in Brown, If. 200 bk, has the record of Proof 
more fully thus : 

Probatum est hoc testam^n^t^m coram nobi« lacobo Cole cl^rico, Cowimis- 
sario &c. iij. kaUndarum lunij. Anno domini W CCCC"^ xj. £t Commissa est 
administrocio omnium bonort^m Executoribu« in dicto iestamento nom\nB,tis, 
k admissa per eosd^m in forma iuHs. Et ij* Idus lulij. Anno suprodic^o, 
commissa fuit administracio omnium hononim dicte lohanne Exeiytitriei 
nup^r ab intestato decedenti, Execf^^^^ri supradicU?. 

p. 18. William Langeford, Knt, Knight of the Shire for Berks, 17 
B. II. and 5 H. IV., and Sheriff of Berks and Oxford, 6 H. IV., died 13 H. IV. 
(Sept 1411-12 : Each. 13 H. IV. n. 32). He held one-third of the Manor 
of Mendysdene (now Minsden) in Hitchin, co. Herts, in eapitCy in right of 
his wife Anne, daughter and coheiress of John de Beverlee of Hitchin (Esch. 
4 Bich. II. n. 11). As his widow's name was Lucy, she would seem to have 
been his second wife, and probably the mother of the younger sons mentioned 
in the will. 

p. 19, 1. 1. Bobert myn lieldest son, Bobert Langeford, Knt., son and 
heir (Claus, 10 H. VL m. 6), aged 22 in 13 H. IV. (Sept. 1411-12 ; Esch. 13 H. 
IV. n. 32), died 7 H. V. (March, 1419-20 : Esch. 7 H. V.). 

p. 19, 1. 13. my lady lovell. Alianore, daughter of William Lord 
Zouche of Haryngworth, and wife of Sir John Lovell, Baron Lovell and Holand. 

p. 19, 1. 27. Schyffeldy BnrfeU, and Sulhamsiade Abbis, Shivefield, 



1 See 'The Office and the Masses for the Dead, with the Order of Burial: 
from the Boman Breviary, Missal, and Bitual. In Latin and English . . 
London : T. Jones, 63, Paternoster Bow, Catholic Publisher, 1853.' p. 1. 

* Eternal rest give to them, Lord, and let perpetual light shine on them. 



138 NOTES TO pp. 23—47. 

Burfield, and Sulhamstaad Abbots; are three parishes lying together in a line 
Bouth^of Reading. 

p. 23, I. 1. Oant^rie should be Cantarie. 

p. 23, 1. 11. There*s a Preston north of Hereford, but this Preston adjoins 
Little Marcle, as also do Putlej and Ledbury. Woolhope, Sollers Hope, and 
Howcaple are west of Marcle ; Aylton Chapel adjoins- Putley ; and Kempley 
and Dimock are in Glo*8terghire, south of Marcle. — J. Horace Bound. 

p. 26. Sir Tkomat Broke : knight, of Thomeoombe, co. Devon, son and 
heir of Sir Thomas Broke, knt., of Ivelchester, oo. Somerset, and father of Sir 
Thomas Broke of Cobham, whose will, 1438-9, is on pages 129-130 below. — 
J. H. R. 

p. 27, I. 11. Holdych: Holditch Manor in Thorneoombe, Devon. — 
J. H. R. 

p. 27, 1. 12, Cotteleygh : Cottleigh near Thomecombe. — J. H. R. 

p. 28, 1. 1. lohane my reyfe: Joan, 2nd daughter and coheiress of Simon 
Hanape of Co. Gloucester, and widow of Robert Cbedder of the City of 
Bristol.— J. H. R. 

p. 28, heading before 1. 20. for leaf 337 read leaf 329. 

p. 31, 1. 10. Wodelumte, Woodhouse, Shropshire, B. of Oswestry. — 
Walker. 

p. 33, 1. 1, 4. ChaUcet. The a looks much like i in the MS. ; but Mr. 
Challenor Smith reads it a. 

p. 38, 1. 32. BowdenSy SayreSj Spenyolds, &o. — * I am quite sure that Mr. 
Round's answer to your query in Ifotes and Queries (Oct. 1882) about these 
names, is the correct one. The names are those of tenants of certain farms. 
A curious coincidence is to be found in the municipal business of Derby, just 
over. The two successful candidates for Babington ward were Boden and 
Sayer!*— Alfred Wallis, Friars Gate, Derby. 

* I have found a singular confirmation of my view of BowdenSj which I told 
you I believed to be the corruption of an owner's name. The Irish named 
their townships as we do our farms, after the owners, adding " ton *' after the 
name. I found a * Bowdensiou^ in hunting through some L-ish Chancery 
Records at the Record OflBce. Sayer was a well-known Essex name.* — J. H. 
Round. 

p. 39, note 3. Hadley and Eastwood adjoin Lee. — J. H. R. 

p. 46, 1. 20. tamsery : probably tamisery, a made-up word from B. 
tammy ^= F. estamine (in Cotgrave), called tamme and tammy in English. 
Apparently confused with F. tamis, a sieve. Scheler, in treating of F. tamis^ 
notices the Eng. tammy ^ but rightly remarks ^that tammy and F. tamis 
are^ totally unconnected. Probably from Lat. stamen: see ta/mmy in my 
Dictionary. But this is all guesswork.— W. W. Skeat. 

p. 47, 1. 10. Weston^Underwood, 2 miles w. of Olney, in Newport Hundred, 
CO. Bucks. — J. H. R. 



NOTES TO pp. 47 — 68. THE PRINCIPAL, BEST HORSE OR BEAST. 139 

p. 47, 1. 10. John Olney purchased lands in Weston, 4 Rich. II. ; died 
21 March, 1395. There is a brass to him in Weston Charch.-^. H. R. 

p. 49, 1. 16, aflat basyn ; p. 56, 1. B^flat gilt paces. "A Wine-celler, with 
his Vessels and instruments ... A flat peece, Patera^ rce. A standing cup, 
Crater ris, orara [? cratera'] roBj calix.^^ 1608, Withals* Dict.y by W. Clerk, p. 
179-180. 

p. 50, 1. 18. The Pore Caitiff, This is described in Lewis's Life of 
WicUf pp. 202-204. It is in 21 divisions. He gives the incipit of each. 
The tracts which make up the collection are often found separately. 

p. 50,1.21. Grigtygra/y, (I read it * Grisly ' first.) This * Cristy grey ' fur 
is often mentiond : see Hall.'s Olou, I suppose it was some tufted, crest-like 
or plume-like fur. Fr. ' Creste : f . A crest, cop, combe ; also, a tuft, or little 
plume standing on the top of. CrestS . . . Crested, copped, adorned with 
a combe.' — Cotgrave. 

p. 51,1. 4. quayres: sermons (or comments). ^ Fyrst I shall beseche 
you not to misconstrue myn entent, in puttyng forthe this qneare to be 
printed, but that ye take it to the best' 1532 (?). Bp. Fisher, Sermon or 
^EpigtoleJ Works, E. E. T. Soo., part II, (1883 P) p. 429. 

p. 54, 1. 14. William Kylwohnensh, Clerke, He was Treasurer of Eng- 
land, and Prebendary of St. PauPB. His Will, A.D. 1422, is at Lambeth. 

p. 66. Roger Flore: Sod of William Flower, alias Flore, Sheriff of 
Eutland 6 Ric. IL Was Knight of the Shire 20 Ric. II ; 1, 4, 6 Hen. IV ; 
2 Hen. V ; and 1 Hen. YI ; and Speaker of the House of Commons. He was 
patron of the old Hospital of St. John and St. Anne in Oakham (called ' f^e 
Almeshouse of Okeham,* p. 62, 1. 23-4), in right of his wife Catherine, 
daughter and heiress of William Dalby of Ezton, its founder. — J. H. R. 

p. 56, 1. 3. Thomas my sone: Thomas Flore of Oakham, Esq., mar. 
Agnes, daughter and heiress of Peter Saltby of co. Line. He was Sheriff of Rut- 
land 9, 20, 29, 86 Hen. YI. and 5, 10 Ed. lY ; buried at Oakham 1483. This 
must have been a subsequent wife, not mentioned in the Flore pedigree. 
— H. R. 

p. 57, 1. 34 ; p. 120, 1. 10. my prificipal. The Principal (sometimes 
calld Mortuary, Corse-present^ or Foredrove) was the deceast person's best 
horse, which followd the corpse at the funeral, and became the property of the 
priest. A survival of the custom may be seen at State funerals. 

p. 57, 1. 35. Sir Herre Plesyngton: Sir Henry Plessington, Ent, of 
Burley, co. Rutland (1 m. N.E. of Oakham), Knight of the Shire for Rutland 
1 and 3 Hen. YI, and Sheriff 5 Hen. YI. He married a daughter of testator. 
—J. H. R. 

p. 58, 1. 14. Westminster: The Abbot of Westminster was Patron of 
Oakliam. — J. H. R. 



140 NOTES TO pp. 58 — ^78. SIR THOMAS MORE's TOMB. 

p. 58, 1. 30. hoc hooJt. Perhaps Cokok : there are three or four early 
wills of men of that name. 

p. 60, 1. 30. Mastorpe, There's a Martinsthorpe in Rutlandshire. — H. R. 

p. 62, 1. 23. pe Almethoiue of Okeham : This is the Hospital named in 
the note on p. 55, Roger Flore^ p. 139, above. — J. H. R. 

p. 65, 1. 12. Thomas Fawkyt, He was Rector of St. Brlde^s, Fleet St. 
See Newcourt*s Bepertorium, ii. 316. 

p. 70, 1. 25. Laffarehrugge, " Laver^ the name of 3 contiguous parishes 
in Essex, lying between Harlow and Ongar, and distinguished by the appella- 
tions of High^ Magdalen, and Little. They are about 21 miles N. by W. of 
London." — Walker's Gazetteer, 1801. 

p. 71, 1. 7. A tumhe like sire Thomas More: Dean of St. Paul's, p. 71; 
p. 104, note 1 ; p. 105, note. 

Thorn-OS Moor, fellow of Pembroke Hall, Cambr. Treasurer to Anne, queen 
of Richard II, Preb. of Shipton in Salisbury Cathedral, 9 Nov. 1389 ; Preb. 
of Newington in St. Paul's, 6 June, 1391 ; Archdeacon of Colchester, 3 Nov. 
1398. Bean of St. PauVs, Jan. 1406 ; d. 1421. Buried in a cloister on North 
side of St. PauPs, called Pardon Churchyard, where formerly stood a chapel 
said to have been founded by Gilbert Becket, who was buried there. (See p. 
105, note, above.) It was rebuilt by this Thomas Moor, who obtained a License 
from Henry V to found a Chantry of Three Priests, but died before it could 
be accomplished. His executors, however, carried out the foundation, and his 
Obit was regularly kept on 23 December. — J. Horace Round. 

p. 74, 1. 2, 3. X>e Cok and \>e Oai'lond in Colman-strete. — No sign of this 
name occurs in Larwood and Hotten's Hist, of Signboards. There, the fellows of 
the Cock, are the Anchor 212, Bear 212, Bell 211, Blackbird 202, Bottle 207, 
211, Breeches 212, Bull 212, Crown 212, Dolphin 212, House 212, Key 471, 
Lion 151, Magpie 382, Pie 382, Pynot 383, Trumpet 211, and Swan 212. 

p. 75, 1. 17. pe cowe heed in Chepe. — Probably the sign of some gold- 
smith's or other shop. The BulUhed is mentiond by Hy. Machyn in 1560, as 
Larwood and Hotten note, Hist, of Signboards^ p. 186 : 

*' The xij day of June dyd ryde in a care a-bowtt London ij men and iij 
women ; one man, for he was the bowd [bawd], and to brynge women unto 
strangers ; and on woman was the wyfif of the Bell in Gracyous-strett, and 
anodur the wyff of the Bull-hed be-syd London stone, and boyth wher bawdes 
and hores ; and the thodur man and the woman wher brodur and syster, and 
wher taken nakyd." — Diary, p. 238. (Camden Soc. 1848.) 

The Cow has these signs in the same Signboard book : Cow and Calf, 
177 ; Cow and Hare, 449 ; Cow and Snufifers, 444 ; Cow and Two Calves, 177 ; 
Cow in Boots, 442 ; Cow Roast, 378 j Cow's Face, 186. 

p. 78, 1. 19. The Mermaid. — " As early as the fifteenth century, it was one 
of the haunts of the pleasure-seeking Sir John Howai*d, whose trusty steward 



!70TES TO pp. 80 — 114. M0NTH*8 MIND. 141 

records, anno 1464 : — ' Paid for wyn at the Mermayd in Bred Stret, for my 
mastyr and Syr Nicholas Latimer, z d. ob.' [7 Howard Household Books, 
Boxb. Club]. In 1603, Sir Walter Raleigh established a literary club in this 
house, doubtless the first in England. Among its members were Shakespeare 
Ben Jonson, Beaumont and Fletcher, Selden, Carew, Martin, Donne, Cotton, 
&c. . . . There was another Mermaid in Cheapside, frequented by Jasper 
Mayne, and in the next reign by poet laureate, John Dryden. Mayne mentions 
it in * The City Match ' (1638) :— 

* I had made an ordinary, 
Perchance at the Mermaid.' 

** The sign was also used by printers. John Rastall, for instance, brother- 
in-law of Sir Thomas More, ' emprynted in the Cheapesyde at the sygne of the 
Meremayde, next to Poulysgate, in 1527 ;* and in 1676 a translation of the 
History of Lazarillo de Tormea, dedicated to Sir Thomas Gresham, was printed 
by Henry Binnemann, the queen's printer, in Enightrider Street, at the sign 
of the Mermaid.'' — Larwood and Hotten, Hist of Signboards, 

p. 80, L 15. qiiadring&ntesimo octauo. Between these two words, 
vicenmo must have been left out by the copier. The Will is dated 1428, and 
was undoubtedly made in the year of the testator's death. 

p. 82, 1. 17. Mynde. MonWs Mind, In the Rom.-Cath. Office and Afassei 
for the Dead, 1853, there is a form of Mass ' for the third, seventh, or thirtieth 
day after the Decease,' p. 99-100, and another, on p. 100-102, for " the Anni- 
versary of the Dead," the Year's Mind. The late guess that a * Month's mind ' 
meant a Memorial Service every day for a month, is mere nonsense, originating 
seemingly with Polidore Virgil and some Dictionary -makers. See my letter 
in Notes and Queries^ about October, 1882. 

p. 83, 1. 1. sir WUliain Wright, rector. See his Will in the Commissary 
Court of London, 1430-1. 

p. 92, 1. 17. Wesfsmythfeld. Smythfeld = Smeth (smooth) field. In the 
Will of J. Lughtburgh, Commissary Court, 1429, it is " in piano CampoP 

p. 93, 1. 21. Menkes ohirch, Monken Hadley, now Hadley. " The manor 
belonged to the Mandevilles till the middle of the 12th cent, when it was 
alienated by Geoffrey de Mandeville to the Abbey of Walden — whence the 
designation Menken (or Monks') Hadley." — Thorne, Environs of London, i 
265. 

p. 114, 1. 2. Salve of our Lady, — Antiphons. "Another favourite de- 
votion of our forefathers was the singing of antiphons in honour of our Lady. 

''An antiphon or anthem derives its name from the custom of singing in 
alternate choirs ; but the name is also given to certain short hymns, metrical 
or not, even when sung by one choir only. In the present Roman Breviary are 
four antiphons in honour of the Blessed Virgin, to be said at the different 
seasons of the year, at the conclusion of certain parts of the office. They 
begin respectively with the words, ' Alma Redemptoris Mater,* * Ave Regiiia 



142 NOTE TO p. 114. THE SALVE OF OUR LADY. 

coelorum/ * Begina coeli lestare,* and * Salve Begina,,^^ They were first intro* 
duced into the Roman Breviary in 1520, but were used by the Franciscana 
from the year 1249. {Merati in Qavaxtwrn^ torn, iii p. 216.) Antiphoos in 
honour of the Blessed Virgin were ordered to be sung at the end of Ck>mplin 
by a general chapter of the Benedictines held at Northampton in 1444, * in 
order before sleep to implore Ker help by whom the serpent*s h^ad was 
cruriied.* This was only a renewal of a more ancient decree. 

*' The singing of antiphons soon became a fayourite devotion with priests 
and people, even apart from the office, and foundations were made, and even 
oonfratomities instituted, for this purpose. The music seems to have been 
sometimes very elaborate, since we find such notices as the following. ' At the 
abbey of Evesham, chaplains are to be assigned to our Lady's altar, skilled in 
her antiphons.' " ' — ^p. 168. 



^ From First Vespers of Trinity Sunday to Advent. 

Salve, Regina, mater misericordie ; Hail, holy Queen, Mother of mercy ; 

Vita, dulcedo, et spes nostra, salve. Our life, our sweetness, and our 

hope, all hail. 

Ad te clamamus, ezules filii Heve ; To thee we cry, poor banished sons of 

♦ Eve; 

Ad te suspiramus, gementes et flentes To thee we sigh, weeping and mourn- 
in hac lacrymarum valle. ing in this vale of tears. 

Eia ergo, Advocata nostra. Therefore, our Advocate, 

lUos tuos misericordes oculos ad nos Turn thou on us those merciful eyes 

converte ; of thine ; 

Et Jesum, benedictum fructum ven- And after this our exile, shew us 
tris tui, 

Nobis post hoc ezilium ostende, Jesus, the blessed fruit of thy womb, 

O Clemens, pia, dulcis Virgo O merciful, O kind, sweet Virgin 

Maria. Mary. 

V. Ora pro nobis, sancta Dei Geni- V. Pray for us, holy Mother of 

trix. God. 

R. Utdigniefficiamurpromissionibus R. That we may be made worthy of 

Christi. the promises of Christ. 

Oremus. Let us pray. 

Omnipotens, sempiteme Deus, qui Almighty, everlasting God, who, by 

gloriosse Virginis Matris Mariie corpus the co-operation of the Holy Ghost, 

et animam, ut dignum Filii tui habita- didst prepare the body and soul of 

culum effici mereretur, Spiritu Sancto Mary, glorious Virgin and Mother, to 

co-operante, prseparasti ; da ut cujus become the worthy habitation of thy 

commemoratione laetamur, ejus pia in- Son ; grant that we may be delivered 

tercessione ab instantibus malis et a from instant evils and from everlasting 

morte perpetua liberemur. Pereumdem death by her gracious intercession, in 

Chiistum, &c. whose commemoration we rejoice. 

Through the same Christ, &c. 

R. Amen. R. Amen. 

V. Divinum auxilium maneat semper V. May the divine assistonce remain 

nobiscum. always with us. 

B» Amen. R. Amen. 

* Tindall's Evesham^ p. 112. 



NOTE TO p. 114. THE SALVE OF OUR LADY. 143 

" Henry VI., the founder of King's College, Cambridge, and of Eton, pre- 
scribes in the statutes, ' That erery day of the year, at a fitting hour of the 
evening, all the choristers of our royal college, together with the master in 
chant, shall enter the church at the sound of a bell, which shall be always rung 
except on Holy Thursday or Good Friday ; and these wearing surplices and 
ranged around a statue of the Blessed Virgin, with the candles lighted,^ shall 
iing solemnly and to the very host of their shUl an antiphon of the Blessed 
Virgin with the verse '^ Ave Maria,'' &c., and the prayer *^ Meritis et precibus," *- 
&c." 

'' The evening antiphon seems to have occupied with our Catholic 

forefathers almost the same place that is now filled by the evening Benediction 
of the Blessed Sacrament — a form of devotion not then established." 

^* By the statutes for the collegiate church of Whittington College, London, 
it is ordained that even on ferial days, throughout the year, about or after 
sunset, when the poor labourers and those who live near the church are giving 
up worh and hisinesSj when there is no reasonable hindrance, the chaplains, 
clerks, and choristers of the college who are at home, after the ringing of a 
small bell set apart for that office, shall meet in the chapel of St. Mary in the 
said church, and there sing to the honour of our Saviour and His Mother an 
antiphon with versicles and prayer.^ To keep up this custom many guilda 
were established. Stow^ tells us of one such called the ' Salve,'' in St. Magnus* 
Church, near London Bridge, which was flourishing in A.D. 134.3. Certain 
citizens, 'of their great devotion to the honour of God and His glorious 
Mother, our Lady Mary the Virgin, began and caused to be made a chauntry to 
sing an anthem to our Lady called ^^ Salve Regina " every evening; and thereon 
ordained five burning wax lights at the time of the said anthem, in honour of 
the five principal joys of our Lady aforesaid .... and thereupon many other 
good people of the parish . . . proffered to be aiders to support the said 
lights, and the said anthem to be continually sung, paying every person every 
week a halfpenny.'" ....." To many of my readers will have already 
occurred the memory of Chaucer's beautiful picture of the village school and 

of the boys learning to sing our Lady's antiphon but before giving it, 

I will translate from the works of St. Peter Celestine the original tale which 
Chaucer has developed." — pp. 169, 170. 

[Here follows St. Peter Celestine's Tale, which Father Bridgett says is at 
least a century older than that of Chaucer.] 

" One more illustration of the popular use of antiphons I may mention ; for 
though insignificant in itself, it is associated with an honoured name. It seems 
that the street-singers appealed to Christian piety and charity by these popular 
hymns. In allusion to this custom. Sir Thomas More, after resigning the 
chancellorship, called together his family, and telling them that they would 

1 ** Many bequests occur of candles to be lighted during the salve.^* — Pietas 

Mariana Britannica, By Edmund Waterton, F.S.A. London : 1879. p. 139. 

^' Quoted by Dr. Rock, vol. iii. p. 278. ' Survey of London, vol. i. p. 495. 



144 K0TB8 TO pp. Ill, ISO. 

•till Itva together, thoogh they would hmve to reduce tlieir expendltore, added 
merrily, thkt it it oaine to the worst, ' may we yet with bnga aad wttllett go 
ft-beggliig together, ud hoping that (or pity lome good folks will give us tlieir 
charify, at OTery man'a door to slag Salne Stgina, and so stiil keep oompaojr 
and be merry together.'"! — 0^^ Lady'i Dowry. By Bev. T. B. BridgetL 
(London ; ie7G ) p. 173. 

[Fr. Brtdgett gives an oid English yenlon of the J<»Ze«^t»i about 1400-1 
— U. L. 

p, 120, I. 11, 13. LincaMe may be ' Linoolni^Mi.* 



' Roper's Life of Jfore. 



145 



LIST OF NAMES AND PLACES. 



Abbat and the bowse of Tewkes- 
bery, II6/7 

Abbey of Tewkesbury, 11 6/5 

Abbot of Lauternam, IIO/9 

Abbot of Westminster's Prison, 
106/12 

Abcburch, St. Mary, London, I/5 

Atris Mersk, 53/;, 8 

Acton, Middlesex, 6 m. west of 
London, 11 /23 

AgasFlegge, IIO/4 

Aiottes, in Bradwell, Essex, 70/13 

Albwe, Thomas, 4O/23 

Alflednasse, in Essex?, 70/2 6 

Algat-e, London, Menouresses of ; 
bequest to, Ij^ 

Alison, 101/14 

al Halewyn,Berkyng, the Churche 
of, 86/20 

All Hallows the More, London, 
105/20; 108/4 

Allard, William, Citezein and 
Skynner of London, II5/12 

Almeshouse or Hospital of Oke- 
ham, 62/23, p. 140 

Alpheies, St., gift to its steeple- 
work, 76/7 

Aired, Richard, Squire, of Bore- 
ham, Essex, 131/17 

Alson, 83/17 (T^at. Alicia, 88/21) 

B. B. WILLS. 



Alvowe, Thomas, 88/17, 23; 
39/20 

, William, 88/22 ; 39/20 

Alys, the seruant of Mawde 
White, I6/20 

Amutyme Fenne, Lincolnshire, 
126/11 

Andrewe, Robert, 95/2o 

Aneys her mayden, 97/i2 

Aneys Copursmyth, 97/i2 

Aneys (or ? Aueys, Avice) New- 
kole, 91/5 

Anglesey, lohn, my seruaunt, 
133/19 

Anneys Gray, 92/i6 
Anneys Leuch, IIO/2 
Anneys of the Countour, I9/26 
Anneys Whityngham, IO6/23 
Annote Hadley, 39/22 

Annote, Stephen Thomas's niece, 
39/17 

Anys, or Aneys, my wyf, 99/i5, 
18; 100/5 

Archer, Ion, 29/i6 

Arguston, lonet, 83/i6 

Arleye manor in Lincolnshire, 
122/25; 123/6; 124/14; 125/27 

Amy, luliane, & John her hose- 
bonde, 8/8 

L 



146 



LIST OF NAMES AND PLAGES. 



Arthour, a Becluse of Sherboarn, 
10/8 

Aspley (in "Warwickshire ?), 33/ 1 1, 

30 
AssHCOMBE, Margarete, widow, of 

London ; her Will, p. 96-7 

Asshwell, maister Thomas, IO7/7 

Assh welly Watkyn, IH/14 

Aston, Thomas, Citezein and 
Skynner of London, II5/13 

Audeby, Thomas, 62/io 

Austin, £p., p. 113, note 2 

Austins, 106/io,the Austin Friars 

Austyn, Eichard, of Hackney, 
100/9 

Austyns, Freres, of London, 31/2 1 
Averay, Joan, Eobert A.'s wife, 

17/12 

AvEBAT, Robert, Cordwainer, of 
London; his Will, p. 16-17; p. 137 

Aueys my nece (Jn. Credy's), 
76/i I . Avice P See Aneys. 

Avys Garton, I3/33 
Aylton, 23/10; 26/2 

Babthorp, Wm., Baron of the 
King's Exchequer, 131/ 11 

Babyngton, William, 7I/20 

Bageworthe (Somerset ?), 28/7 

Bagge, sir Water, person of 
Brynkeworth (Wilts), II2/2 

Baldok, lohn, Citezein & Wax- 
chaundeler of London, 34/29 

Bamyile, Bichard, 1 33/29 

Banaster, Eichard, Citizen & 
Vintner of London, 79/23 

Barking, Middx, church of All 
Hallows at, 86/20. See Deanery. 

Bamaby, Thomas, lll/i 

Bamam, Francis and Benedict, 67, 
note 2 

Bamet Church, Middlesex, 93/2 1 



Barnet, John, of London, Draper, 
his Will, p. 93-4 

Bamet, Mary, wife of John B., 
93/18 

, Eichard, son of John B., 

93/18 

Barre, Jane, llO/i 
Bartholomew Fair, p. 92, note 2 

Bartilmeux, saint, the spitell of, 
106/ 1 6. See Bertylmew and Saint. 

Bartlottes, in Bradwell, Essex, 

70/13 
Bartlet my seruaunt, 133/21 

Barton, Friar, 1 26/32, 33 

Bartrice, my suster, 133/3 

Basse, William, 125/2 3 

Basset, John, of' Chishull (Chis- 
well, Essex), 69/17, 195 71/i8; 
72/16 

Basset, one of Lady Warwick's 
legatees, II8/24 

Bataile, lohan, prest, 48/i2 

Batesey, lone, 29/ 11 

Bathe, Thomas, of Bristol, his 
* endenture * or Will, p. 45-7 

Battiscoumbe, lohn, I3O/13 

Bavenger, Jenyn, 125/24-5 

Baxtir, William, guardian of the 
Hospital of Okeham, Rutlandshire, 

56/9 

Baxter, William, 64/32 

Bayle, Thomas, my seruant, 
114/1 1 

Baynard, Eolf, 71/iS 

Beatrice my seruaunde, 19/2 6 

Beauchamp, Eichard de, 5th Earl 
of Warwick, p. 116, note 3 

Beaumont, Eobert, IIO/16 

Begelon, William, I6/19 

Becket, Gilbert, Portgrave of 
London, p. 105, note : p. 140 



LIST OP NAMES* AND PLACES. 



U7 



Bedlem Hospital, bequest to poor 
of, 32/1 

Bedlem Spital, 78/io 

Bele, Agnes, 13/6 

Bele, lohn, I3/4 

Belliers, Elizabeth, III/20 

Beranger, Jenyn, his seruant, 
126/IO 

Bereughby, fe persone (or rector) 
of, 67/9 

Bertylmew, St., 92/8; his Church, 
92/10 

Beverley, Yorkshire, St. Mary's 
church of, 12/17; its Vicar,12/i8; 
its poor, priests, friars, St. Giles's 
Spital, 12/21-4 

Biderenden, John, the Chamber- 
lain of the City of London, 75/20 

Bikenacre, Essex, 70/i8. 8ee 
Bykenacre. 

Biron, Sir John, 1 24/13 

Bishoptre, Thomas, 133/22 

Bloncit, John, 96/6 

Blount, Thomase, Menchon (nun) 
of Romeseye (Hants), 6/8 

Blundell, Edward, squyer of 

Worcestreshire, III/9; his son 
Richard, lll/i i 

Bodeman, John, clerk, 42/30 

Bokeland, Johan, wife of Richard 
B., 107/22 

Bokeland, Richard, Esq., of All- 
Hallows the Greater, Thames St., 
London : his Will, p. 104-108 

Bokeler, lohn, wexchaundeler of 
London, lOl/i 

Bokeler, Margery, 102/i8 

Bokelond, Cristofre, and his sone 
Thomas, 107/2 13 

Bonylys maner, 1 in Essex, 7O/2 

Borage, John, of Hackney, IOO/7 

Borham, John, 69/ii ; 7I/14 



BoRTON, Roger, of Hackney, 
Middlesex, his Will, p. 98. Alison, 
his wife, 98/14 

, Agnes and Cristian, Roger's 

daughters, 98/io, 12 

Boteler, Thomas, I9/24 

Boteler, William, 83/17 

Botiller, liard, 53/9 : a grey horse 

Botiller Place in Eston (Lincoln- 
shire), 126/4 

Bowdens, 88/32 : a farm or place 
in Essex P 

Bowers, Elizabeth,. IIO/3 

Braceby, Lincohishire, 60/t;, 16 : 
63/26 ; 64/4 

Brade-Stoke,thePriourof, IO9/20. 
Bradstoke Priory was in the Deanery 
of Malmesbury, Wiltshire. 

Bradfeld, Sarum diocese, 2I/12 
Bradfeld, Je manere of, I9/17 
Bradfield, Berkshire, 18/6, 10 
Bradwell, Essex, 7O/14, 18 
Brasiere, lohan, prest, 48/13 

Brauntoft in Lyndeseye, 61/6 : 
P Bratoft, Lincolnshire 

Braybroke, Joan, p. 129, note 1 

Braynesplace (1 in Herefordshire). 
25/9 

Bread-St. Counter, a London 
prison, p. 113, note 5 

Brerdon, William, 28/6 
Brethenham manor, Sujffolk, 72/2 
Bride's, or Bridget's Church, 

Fleet St., p. 66. See St. Bride's. 
Bridgnorth, 32/7, 18. 29; 35/20 

Bridlington : pilgrimage to the 
Priory of, for Testator's soul, 40/i6- 

Brigg, lohn, 58/29 

Bristow, 45/6 : Bristol 

Bristowe, bequest to freres pre- 
chours and Menours of, 7/29 

L 2 



us 



LIST OF NAMXS AND PLACEIS. 



Broke, Thomas, of Holditcli, 
Thornecombc, Deron ; his Will, p. 
26-28 

, lobane his wyf©, 28/i, S 

Bromesbury, Kobert, 29/22 
Brond,Iohn, 43/i3; 44/9, 12, 19 
Brook, Edward, Sir Thos. B/s 

son, 130/24 
Brook, Sir Thomas, of Cobham, 

Kent ; his WiU, p. 129-130, p. 138 
Broughton, Bucks, 48/i6 
Broun, Thomas, 65/4 ; 66/10, 22 ; 

and his Wife, 65/i6 
Broune, Cristina, widow of Jn. 

Broune, or John Atte Grove of 

Fulham, 44/28, 25 
Broune, Elene, John B.*s Sister, 

44/1 
Broune, Jn., of Henry V/a Cham- 
ber, and of Fulham, Middx: his 

Will, p. 43-4 
, alias Johannes atte Grove 

de Fulham, 44/25 
Broune, Richard, brother of Jn. 

B.,43/9; 44/19 
Brownyng, Symkyng, Klerk, 

102/12 
Brownyng, Symond, clerk of St. 

Margaret Pattens, London, IO2/20, 

22 
Brug:ge, Gyles of, 112/i : Giles 

Bridges 
Bruno, Walter, founder of St. 

Mary's Hospital, Bishopsgate, p. 

32, note 1 
Bryggenorth, 31/4, 16, 19 : Bridg- 
north, Shropshire 
Brynkeworth, Wilts, 11 2/2 

Bryxhyll, Ion, 29/ 14 
Buelt, lohn, seruant, III/2 
Buk, Sir John (a priest 1), 67/io 
BuUok, John, 24/4 
Burdeux, Peter de Lobered of, 
39/33 



Burdon, Alison, 40 marks for her 
marriage, 75/5 ; 76/15 

Burdon, Richard, skynner, of 
Londen, 74/i, 3; 76/i3, 17 ; be 
and Denys his wife, 74/22 ; John 
their son, 74/27 ; and Bichard his 
brother, 74/28 

Burfeld, 19/2 7, 33 

Burgate in J>e newgate of Okeham, 
6O/31 ; 64/1 1 

Burgeys, William, and ys wyfe, 
19/23 

Burgo, Elizabeth de, p. 117, note 3 

Bumam, Water (Walter), 40/2 

Burton, John, 98/i8 

Burton Place, in Fenne Amutyme, 
Lincolnshire, 126/ii 

Burton, Robert, frere, 48/io 

Burton, Thos., of Loughborough, 
p. 130 

Butterley and the fenne, 25/i6 

Bykenacre Priory, Essex, 70/5 

Bykenare, 69/5 ; 70/i8, Bikinacre, 
Essex 

Byllyngeslond in Rwaren (1 Here- 
fordshire), 25/4 

Byschop, Sir Jankyn, I3O/24 

Caileflete, Robert, 121/s ; 125/21 ; 

126/15, 18; 128/29} and lohane 

his wyf, 126/2, 5 
Cake, Simond, 94/5 
Calabre, my Furre of, 34/20 
Cambrigge, vniuersitee of, 105/2 
Camew's (a man), 57/i6 
Camp, John, 38/6, 7, 16 ; 39/32 
Campe, John, 41/io 
Campion, Thomas, 58/8 
Campion, Toume, 58/31 

Canterbury (Shrine of Thomas a 
Becket), Pilgrim to go there bare- 
foot from Fleet St., for the good of 
Wm. Newland's soul, 66/7 



LIST OF NAMES AND PLAGES. 



149 



Canterbury, St. Austin's and 
Christchurch in, 132/21-2 

Canterbury Tales, bequest of, a.d. 
1420, p. 136 

Canwedon, 70/i8 : Canewdon, 
near Rochford, £ssex 

Capenter, Thomas, 19/25 

Carlton, sir Eobert, IO7/17 

Carmes (Carmelite), Freres, of 
London, 31/21. SeeYtvax%, 

Carpinter (Carpynter), lohn, 
como«n clerk, 75/21 ; 76/25 

Carter, lonet, 86/10 

Cathedral cherche of seynt Pawle 
of London, 132/6. See St. Paul's. 

Cawdray, maister Eichard, clerc, 
107/23, 28 

Cawode, Bobert, 54/9 

Caytifey the Pore, 50/i8; p. 61, 
note; p. 139 

Chace, Eichard, 63/5 i ^^Ih ^^f 
21 

Chale, fe maner of, I9/36 

Chalford (] Glostershire), 23/5 ; 

25/27 
Chandos, Eobert de, p. 110, note 2 

Chapman, Eichard, 98/17 

Chardacre and Yalans, the Manor 
of, in Suffolk, 69/26 

Charleton, lohan, wife of Nicholas 
C, 115/5 

Charleton, Nicholas, Citezein and 
Skynner of London: his Will, 
112/16 

Chamell of St. Alphage, Alder- 
manbury ; priest of the, 75/ 16 

y of St. Edmond, p. 78, 

note 2 

-, of St. Paul's, 96/4 



Chaucer : bequest of his Canterbury 
Tales, A.D. 1420, p. 136 

Chaunterie of the Chirche of Seint 
Leonarde in Briggenorth, 3I/15; 

32/7 ; 33/2, 4 



Chelmsford Hundred, 70/2 1 

Chblmyswyk, John, squier of 
Shropshire : his Will, p. 30-35 

Chelmyswyky Thomas, dead son 
of John C, 31/5 

, Elyanore^ dead wife of 

John C, 31/5 

-, lonet, dead Grandame of 



John C, 31/6 

Chelmyswyk, Jonet, wife of Jn. 
C, 32/20, 25 ; 33/5, 12, 17, 18,23, 
29} 32 ; 34/16, 20 

Chord, Somerset, 27/i2 

Cherlton withoute Kewgate, 
London, 9/2 

Chesc, William, 19/2 2 

Chesse, Thomas, 4O/4, 19 

Chesthunt (Herts), the Prioresse 
of, IO6/18 

, Prioresse and house of, to 

have their Pledges hack free, 
107/19, 20 

Chestirshire, Wylliam of, 19/2 4 

Chichele, John, 97/i4; 98/2 o ; 
102/30 

ChUde, Eobert, 8O/9 

Childerhous in Middelsez, the 
place of John Credj in 1426, 74/5 

Chirche, Alys, widow ; her Will, 
p. 85 

Chishull, 69/i6 : Great or Little 
Chishall, in the hundred of Uttles- 
ford, CO. of Essex, near Saffron 
Walden 

Christ Church Priory, Hampshire, 
by the New Forest, 4/9 ; 6/30 ; 

8/21 

Cicil, William, 107/s 

Cirencester. See Siscetre. 

City of London School, p. 75, 
note 2 

Clanbowe, Lady Peryne, of Here- 
fordshire, her Will, p. 49-51 ; sister 
of Sir Robert of Whitney, 49/ 16 



150 



UBT OF NAMES AND PLACEa 



Claiell, Richard, IO7/13 

Clemens, the woman that kepes 
me, 97/2 

Clere, William, 134/3 

Clerk, John, III/30 

Clerk, John, of Wyssenden, 55/7 

Clerk, Eobert, Hector of Bradfield 
parish Church, dice, of Sarum, 
21/5, 1 1 

Cleuche (or Clenche), Thomas, 
111/12 

Cley, lohn, 42/i i 

Cliston (or Clifton), Sir Kichol, 

5/28 

, Alianore, hismfe, daughter 

of Lady Alice West, 6/28 

, Thomas, his son, 5/29 

Cloister, great North, of St. Paul's, 
p. 104, note 

Clopton, Henry, apprentice to 
Jn. Toker, vintner, 79/i, 2 

Clowys, a legatee of Sir T. Brook's, 

130/17 
Cobham Hall, Kent, 129/4 

Cohham, John of, 2nd Lord C, 
p. 129, note 1 

Coderstoke, )>e provest of, 57/2o 

Coggeshale, lohn, 107/6, 24, 30 ; 
IO8/1 I 

Cok and Garlond in Colmanstrete, 
a shop or inn, 74/2, p. 140 

Cok, pe; a tenement in Gruh- 
strete (Cripplegate), 75/i i 

Coke, lohn, Wm. Stanlow's ser- 
vant, 126/13 

Cokenell, Eobert, 19/21 

Cokkeman, Maut (Maud), 102/is, 
16 

Cold Harbor, p. 106, note 1 

Cole, Herry, taylour, duellyng 
. wyt-outen Temple Barre, 17/ 10, 
20, 21 



Colman, Sir John, prest, 8/29; 
9/17, 29 ; 10/5 

Colman, Thomas, tallowchandler, 
102/27 

Colyer, a legatee of Lady War- 
wick's, II8/23 

Colyn of my Chambre, 11 8/2 5 

Compton, Berkshire, 18/ 10 

Cook, lohn, seruent to Eobert 
Greyndoor, III/30 

Cooke, lohn, 107/is 

Copursmyth, Aneys, 9 7/ 12 

Corbet, Aunt of Lady P. Clan- 
bowe, 50/4. See Notes. 

Corbrigge, John, 130/ 13 

Corn, Eobert, Citizen of London ; 
his Will, 1387, p. 1, 2 

, Genet, his daughter, 1/ib 

, Katherine, his daughter. 



1/8 



-, Watkyn, his son, I/7 



Comewayle, Edmond of, IIO/25 
ComwaiU, lohn, 125/22 

Corpus Christi, Brotherhood of, 
in the Skinners' craft, London, 
113/14,15; 114/21 

Cosin Lane, London, 88/31 

Cosin, Wm., of Cosin Lane, 
London, p. 88, note 1 

Costert, Ion, my seruaunt, 29/8 

Cosyn, lohn, of London, II/27 

Coton, Elianor 0^ 65/13 ; 66/9, 
22 

Cotteleygh, Devon, 27/i2, p. 138 

Counters, two prisons in London 

City, 78/4 ; 113/i8 
Countour, Anneys of the, 42/26 

Coventre, Sir Wm., Prior of St. 
Bartholomew's, West Smithfield, 
London, 92/i6 ; 93/io 

Cowe heed in Chepe, 75/i7; p. 
140 : a house in Cheapside, London 



LIST OF NAMES AND PLACBS. 



151 



Coycellesplace Bevlmulle, 25/9 
Coyle, sir lohaiiy 50/ 17 
Cradoke, Dauid, 50/2 5 

Gredy, Adam, and his son William, 
74/14 ; ^s son Thomas, 74/i9 

Credy, Alyson, of Halywell 
Priory, Bishopsgate, 76/5 

(1), Aueys, the testator 

John Credy*s niece, 76/ 11 

Credy, Joan, the testator John's 
Wife, 76/25 ; 77/2 

Credy, John, squyer, of London 
and Devonshire : his Will, p. 73-7 

Credy, John, hrother of John 
Credy the Testator, 74/ 11 

Credy, John, son of John Credy, 
brother of the testator John Credy, 
74/33; 75/18 

Credy, Eichard, 74/2 

Credy, William, John C.'s nephew, 
74/29 ; 76/1 1 ; his father, 74/29 

Cressener, Wylliam, p. 134 

Crestyndom, Hopkyn, 39/31 : at 
London 

Cripplegate, London, St. Alphage 
Church in, 75/i5; 76/7 

Crischerche, hows or Priory of, 
Hampshire, 6/30 

Cristian Borton of Hackney, 
Middx., 98/11 

Cristina Broune, or atte Grove de 
Falham, 44/28 

Croddish, W., porter, 83/17 

Croland, Frere William, poor, 
88/20, 21 

Cromwell, Lord, IO8/1 

Cromwell, Lord Ralph, of Tates- 
hale, Treasurer of £ngUmd, I2O/14- 
16; 121/9 

Cromwell, Oliver, p. 120, note 1 
Crouche, Thomas, 107/ 14 
Crowder, Richard, 35/i8 



Dale, Thomas, the Ward of Roger 
Flore ; the right to get him married 
(and take his fee), 63/3 

Danyel}, lohn, III/17 

Darsy (a man), 71/i6 

Dausey, Hew, III/16, 27 

Dauy, Elyse, I3/32 

Davy, John, 67/13 

f Margery, 67/14 

Davy, Wm., Fishmonger of 
London, his Will, p. 67 

Dawesy, Dausey, Hewe, III/16 

Day, Robert, 54/9 

Deanery of Middlesex and Bark- 
ing, 86/8 

Dembleby, Lincolnshire, 1 24/13; 
126/8 

Dene and Chalford, 23/s; 26/27 
(? in Glostershire) 

Dene, Philip, 69/i7, 20; 7I/19, 

28; 72/13 

Denerston, lonet, 13/6 

Denton, Mawde, 13/6 

Derby, Richard, clerk, 94/6 

Derffeld, Robert, 68/4 

Despencer, Baron Thomas, p. 116, 
note 3 

Deuenschyre, londes and rentes 
in, 20/10, 17 

Devonshire, devise of manors in, 
74/11, 18,23, 25 

Dey, sir John, parsone of Bage- 
worthe (Somerset P), 28/6 

Dixon, Sir Niched, Clerk, 9O/13 

Dixson, sir Nichol, clerk, 54/9 

DiXTON, Richard, Esq., of Siscetre, 
Glostershire; his Will, p. 108-112. 

DovB, IsabeH, wyf of Thomas 
Dove, Citezein of London; her 
Will, p. 103 

Downgate, Dowgate, London, p. 
88, note 1 

Dowrigge, Margrete, 133/ 18 



152 



LI8T OF NAMES AND FLACBS. 



Dru, LaureDSy in Southcote, I8/16 

Dniy Lawrence, 2I/4, 13 

Druell, John, Bp. of London's 
Cominissary, 89/12; 91/22 

Dudlynton, Juliane and John 
Amy of, 8/8 

Duffelde, 53/xi 

Donche Hundred, 7O/20 : Dengey 
Hundred, Essex 

Dymmok, Thomas, Skynner, of 
Glowcestre, 114/ 1 2 

Dymmok, Glostershire, 23/io 

Dymmokeschastell (1 in Gloster- 
shire), 26/IO 

Edeyn Veel (a woman), 29/13 

Edmond of Gomewayle, IIO/24 

Edmund, John, 2/i i 

Edward, 40s. given to, III/18 

Egham, Surrey, my native, p. 85, 
note 6 

Eldmede in ]>e shire of Surre, 
73/8 

Eleward Place, in Fenne, Lincohi- 
shire, 127/6 

Ellyot, William, 4O/4 

Ellys, Stephen, 4O/4 

Elmeslet, Eoger, of London, once 
a Waxchandler's Servant ; his Will, 
p. 100 

Elsingspitel, in Cripplegate, Lon- 
don, 78/ 10 

Elyngton, Anneys, 36/io, 13 

Elyot, Thomas, 29/; 

Elyse Dauy, I3/32 

Emot, or Emet, Eoe, mother of 
lonet Chelmyswyk, 33/9, ^^9^9 

Enwarle Manor, in Deuen, 74/23 
Esebach, Eobert, 14/ii 
Essex, Thomas of, 7O/30 ; 71/2 



Estcourt, Jn» (Commissioner of 
Wills). 28/13; 36/22; 48/23; 
6I/20 

Estfeld, William, Mercer and Al- 
derman of London, 9O/9 

Estlond, in Bradwell, Essex, 70/ 

Estnore, Herefordshire, 24/13, ^^ 

Estwode, ]ye chirche of (in Essex), 
39/15 

Estynton, William, III/15, 23 

Euenwode, Ion, 29/6 

Euerard, Eichard, I3/7 

Euerchurch in Somerset, 75/2 

Evesham, the Abbot of, 109/i8; 
the Convent of, 109/ 19 

Ewhurst, Eoger, parkere of, 8/1 1. 
Ewh. is in Sussex, near Borwash 

Exettur in Deuenshire, 75/4 

Eyon, a creditor of Stephen 
Thomas, 39/25 

Eyre, Symmykyn, 42/8, 9 

Eyre, Thomas, my seruaunde, 19/ 
18 

Fairchild, quarriour, 59/4 

Fairchild (or Faarchild, 54/4, 21), 
Thomas, 53/6 ; 54/ 10 

Farley, in Herefordshire 1, 25/13 

Fasteme, IIO/17, 20 ; III/4 : 1 a 
house of my Lord of York 

Fastolf, maister, his liaerey, 131/9 

Faukeswell, Wm., 66/12 

Favarches, Bicholdis de, p. 117, 
note 3 

Fawkes, Thos., 66/9, 25 
Fawkys, Sir Thomas, 65/i2 

Fenne, Sir R Bochefort's manor 
or dwelling-place, 121/ 14; 122/9, 
25; 123/5; 124/14; 126/31; 
127/6 

Ferroure, William, brewer, IO2/26 



UST OF NAMES AND PLAOBS. 



153 



Fitz-Harry, Elizabeth, widow of 
Wm. F., 89/2, 14 ; 88/29, 32 

Fitz-Harbt, William, of Cosin 
Lane, London ; his Will, p. 87-9 

Fitz-Harry, Sir John, 88/19 ; 89/ 

his 

Fitz-Herberd, dame luce, Priorisse 
of Shaftebury, 6/7 

Flegge, Agas, IIO/4 

Flete, the prisoners of the, 78/6 ; 
106/ 1 2. See 'Prisons' in List of 
Words. 

Floode, Walter, Brewer, 95/5 

, John, his son, 95/6 

Flore, Anneys, Eoger F.'s daugh- 
ter, 57/17 ; 58/6 ; 63/3, 8 

Flore, Cecile, my welbeloued wife, 
56/12; 57/24; 58/3,4; 60/6,22, 
33 ; 62/25 

Flore, James, Eoger F.'s son, 
57/9; 60/ 16; 63/20, 22 

Flore, Joan, Eoger F.'s daughter, 

57/20 

Flore, John, son of Eoger F., 61/ 

13 
Flore, Eobert, Eoger F.'s son, 
57/6, 15; 58/9; 6O/21, 32; 64/ 
13, 17 

Florb, Eoger, Esq., of London and 
Oakham ; his will, p. 55-64 ; p. 139 

Flore, Eoger, son of Eoger F., 57/ 
10, 15 ; 61/7 

Flore, Thomas, Eoger F.'s son, 

56/3; 57/5; 58/i, 2, 5, 12, 13; 
6O/12, 23 ; 6I/1, 9, 23, 30; p. 139 

Flore, William, Eoger F.*s son, 
64/ 16 

Fondour, Wyllyam, 15/ 2 5 

Forest, lohn, IO7/13 

Forman, Thomas, his wife, 91/z6 

Forster, lohn, my godsonne, 45/ 
6, 9, 12, 14 

Forster, Eichard, 75/8 

Forstrer, Eichard^ blind man^ 8/8 



Franciscans: see 'Friars' in 
Word-List. 

Frankelensmonday lond, 1 in Es- 
sex, 70/2 

Frankyngham in Surrey, 74/31 

Fray, lohn, 44/4 

Frost Mores, 53/i5 

Frowyk, lohan, 133/i 

Frowyk, Thomas, son of Harry 
Frowyk, 134/15, 22 

Frye, William, of Deuenshire, 

76/25 

Fulham (MiddxV Johannes atte 
Grove de, or Jonn Broune, 44/25 

, Thomas atte Grove de, 

44/28. See'Broxme.' 

Fulman, Eobert, 88/25 

Fulthorpe, lohn, 53/i2 

Fysscherys, 38/32: Fisher's, a 
farm or place in Essex P 

Grale, James, Commissary of 
London, I4/9 

Gardyner, John, 13 3/2 3 
Gardyns, in Bradwell, Essex, 70/ 

Garlickhithe Church, London, 82/ 
20 

Garton, Avys, I3/33 

Gefori, 80/6 : Geoffrey 

Gely, Pers, 66/13 

Geneyn, syr Perys, I3/13 

Genfeld, Eichar, 48/9 

Germen, Stephen, Commissary- 
General for Wills, 84/13 ; 87/13 

Gery, Eichard, 4I/17, 21; 42/9, 

15, 18, 23 
Gifford, Dame Cicile, IO6/17 : 

Prioresse of Chesthont 

Gifford, Sir John, Chanon of the 
Abbey of Waltham, IO6/20 

Gilford, Surrey, the Friars of, 
90/7 



154 



LIST OF NAMES AND PLAOBS. 



GiRDSLER, John, of Harefield, 
near Uxbridge, Middx; his Will, 
p. 10-11 

Glostershire and Herefordshire 
places, 23/IO, ii 

Gloucester, frere prechours of, 109/ 

lO 

Gloucestre, Thomas, clerk, 114/ 
6, i6; 115/12 

Goky, lohn, 19/21 

Golcleve (Golddiff, Monmouth- 
shire), the Prior of, and his monkes, 
llO/io 

Goodyng, Thomas, of Hackney, 
Middlesex, 98/i6, 17 

Granger, Richard, parson of seint 

Pancras, 83/ 16 
Graveley, Kateryn, Eichard Gr.'s 

daughter, 87/4 
Gravelet, Eichard, of London, 

grocer ; his Will, p. 86-7 

Graveley, Wm., of London, 87/i 

Gray, Anneys, wife of Eichard G., 
92/16 

Gray, John and Eichard, sons of 
Richard G., 93/4 

Gray, Eichard, of St. Bartholo- 
mew's, London ; his Will, p. 92-3 

Great Malvern, £iO to the Prior 
of, 23/27 

Gregory, Isabel, of Hackney; 
her WiU, p. 91-2 

Gregory, lone, daughter of Isabel 

G., 91/9 
Grene, lohn, I3/4 

Grey Friars. iSea * Friars ' in Word 
List. 

Greyndoor, Eobert, and Jane his 
wife, 110/5, 6 

Greyndoor, Eobert, III/31 

Grubstrete, London, 76/t 2. * Grub 
Street, Cripplegate. Now called 
Milton-street, from the nearness of 
its locality to the Bunhill residence 
of our great epic poet — ^an extra- 



ordinary change from all that is 
low and grovelling in literature (in 
Johnson's time) to all that is epic 
and exalted.' — Cunningham, 1850. 

Gy, Eichard, I3/3 

Gybbes, Walter, Licentiate in Law, 

10/14 
Gylbert, Thomas, 188/23 

Gyles of Brugge, 112/i : Giles 
firydges 

Haddoke, Eychard, of the Lee, 
Essex, 40/1 

Hadley, Annote, fat as with me, 
39/22 

Hadley chirche, Essex, 89/14 

Hadley, Monken, or Monkes 
chirch, near Bamet, Middx, 93/21 

Hale, Idany (of the Spital, 91/ 
II), 91/6,8,9,17,18 

Hale, lohn, 88/25 

Halfhide, one of Lady Warwick's 
legatees, 11 8/23 

Halgot in Shropshire, 34/i i 

Halle, Thomas, I3/4 

Halton in Lyndesey, Lincolnshire, 
6I/13 

Halywell, 76/5 : the Priory of St. 
John the Baptist at Holy Well, 
Bishopsgate, London 

Hampton, 40/2 6 : Southampton, 
Hampshire 

Hampton, Laurans, 18/6 ; 14/ii 
Hanefeld, Eichard Forstrerof, 8/9 

Hanyngfeld, Agnes, lohan, Cisily, 
Wm., Nicholas, Martin, Alienore, 
Elisabeth, Eoger and Margery, 
70/7, 8 ; Cisily, Johan and Agnes, 
71/8, 9 

Hanyngfeld, Wm., Esq., of Bik- 
inacre, Essex, and of Suffolk ; his 
Latin Testament of his Personalty, 
p. lS-9 ; and English Will of his 
Eealty, p. 69-72 



LIST OF NAMES AND PLACES. 



155 



Hardyng, Watkyn, III/15 
Hardynge, lofin, grocer, IO2/26 

Harefield, nr. Uxbridge, Middx, 
10/18; its parish church, 11/6; 
high altar, II/7 ; and clerk, ll/ii 

Haringey, Harryngey, at Hornsey, 
Middlesex, 8O/4 

Hameys, Thomas, 95/2 o 

Harwode, Thomas, 44/i2 

Ha way, Richard, master of the 
Chauntry — Latin, * cantaria ' — of 
Manton, 55/8. See 68/26 

Hawys, lonet, IIO/18 

Hay, Piers de la, 54/8 

Hay, Shropshire 1, 35/20 

Haye and Tasseleye, my Maners of 
the (in Shropshire), 34/ 10 

Hay ward, lohn, 19/ 2 3 

Helindon, Hillingdon, Middx, 
11/18. i&d 11/22 

Hempston, John Smart, bailiff of 
SirThomas West at, 8/13 

Henry V.'s Chamber, John 
Brooue of, 43/2 

Henstrygge, 1 32/15: Henstridge, 
Somerset 

Henuden (a man), 53/9 

Herdyngton, Harlington, Middx, 

86/9 

Herdyngton, Somersetshire, 43/ 
10, 15 

Hereford Cathedral, gift of 100«. 
to, 22/19 

Hereford, Grey Freres of, 109/ 12 

Hereford, theBp. of, 11 8/2 8 

Herelowe (15/i8), or Herlowe, 
Margarete, wedewe, 16 /2, 16 

Hereward, William, I9/19 

Herflete, p. 97, note 2 

Hergest, lohn, 50/2 3 

Hertfordshire, 49/9 : Hereford- 
shire 



Heth, Katerine and lohan, my 
doughters, 99/20, 22 

Heth, Raiif, of Hackney, Middle- 
sex; his Will, p. 99-100; Aneys 
his wife, 99/15, 18; IOO/5 

Hewet, lohn, loynour, 82/3, 28 

Hewys, lohn, III/17 

Hill, John, Armourer, 94/i8 

Hillindon, Middlesex, II/22 

Hinton Marcel, Hampshire, 4/5 ; 
p. 135 

Hiwey, Eichard, 64/31 

Ho£^enes, sire lohn, person (rector) 
of Tasseley (Shropshire), 35/ 18 

Holdich, Devon, my Manour of, 
27/11; 28/9; p. 138 

Holdyche, 1 3O/9 : Holditch,Devon- 
shire 

Horcle (1 in Herefordshire), 25/5 

Home, Eohert, 88/20, 23 ; 89/i6 

Horton, William, 29/22 

Hospital of St. Marie Maude- 
leyne, ahoue Wynchestre, 7/35 

Hotham (1 in Devon), 2 7/ 11 

Hotoft, John, p. 134 

Hoton, William,'97/i, 9 

Howe, Thomas, 80/6 

Howecapell, Herefordshire, 23/ii 

Huchecoke, John, 50/21 

Hukyns lohan, 48/i6, 25 

Hull, Dame Alionore, 90/ 10 

Humherstone, lonet, 58/23 

Humherstone, Balph, of Leicester, 

55/7 
Hunt, brouderere, 63/19 
Husewyffe, Roger, priest, 90/ 10 
Hyde (1 in Herefordshire), 25/4 
Hylbyll, WiUiam, 4O/3 
Hynton, Alison, 6/1 1 

Ibex, a person, III/17 
Idany Hale, 91/6, 8, 9, 17, 18 



156 



LIST OF NAMES AND PLACES. 



Idkyne my chambrer (cbamher- 
maid), 6/14 

He of Wygbt, 20/i 

Ikenhaniy fe parish chirch of, 11/ 
12 

Ivy Lane, near St. Paul's and 
Paternoster Bjow, London, 93/3 

Jacob, Jobn, 21/6, 12 

lacobo my seroannt, IO7/14 

lames and his wyf, 50/2 6 

lane, myn nece, 50/6, 8 

lankyn clerk, 39/i2. Sea Ghaa- 
cer^s Wi/e ofBatKz Preamble, lines 
595, 628. 

Jankyn or John Miles, 5O/15 ; 

51/21 

Linkyn Tailoor, 50/2 2 
lehannez, 48/2 : John's 1 

Jerusalem, pilgrim to be sent to, 
for good of Testator's soul, 53/2 ; 
65/5 

Joan, daughter-in-law to Lady 
Alice West, 5/5 

lohn, my [John Credy's] godson, 

74/12 

lohn. Sire, my preest, 71/23 

lohn) my wyf, II6/18, 23 : Joan 

lohn of Nokys, 111/ 19 

lohn of the kechyn, I9/21 ; 133/ 
26 

John of Pantrye, III/13 

lohn of the Speti», 91/;, 18 

John of the Stable, 107/iS 

Johnson, John, 125/2 4 

Ion my prentys, bequests to, 22/ 

5,7 
lonet Hawys, IIO/18 : Jeanette 

lonet my Cosin (Jn. Credy's), 76/ 
12 

lorge my Cosyn, 39/i8 

loye, Elizabeth, 50/i 8; 51/ii,2i 



loye, sir John, preest of the chirch 
of Alhalowen the more, London^ 
108/5 

lulyan, sir William, 133/2 5 

Eamerwell, Alys, I5/17 

Kechyn, lohn of be, I9/21 : 
133/26 

J lohn Wylkynsone of 

the, 133/27 

, William of the, 107/i6 

Kemp, Eobard, 13/s 

Kempeley, Glo'stershire, 23/io 

Kempley, lohn, IO7/24 

Kesteuen, Lincolnshire, 1 24/13 

Keston, Elysabeth, to have 80 
marks for her marriage, 11 8/ 16, 19 

Ketrych, Eichard, Grocer, of Lon- 
don, 131/16 

Key«, three, to a Chest of Deeds, 
62/24 

Killum, Martyn, I3/3 

King's Bench, Prisoners of the^ 
78/4; IO6/14 

Kingston Bridge over the Thames, 
85/8 

Knight, John, p. 134 

Knight riders street, London, p^ 
65, note 5 

KnolleSy lonet, 5O/30 

Elnolles, Thomas, fe jongger^ 50/ 

32 
KnoUes, Thos., 5I/11 

Knoston, Margarete, a servant, 

87/3 

Koc kook, 58/30 : Cock^ the 
cook ? or KokoK 

KyUet, Wm., of Essex, II/26 

Kylwolmerssh, William, clerk, 

54/14 

Kynegespeaw yn Hyde (J Here- 
fordshire), 25/4 „^ 

Kyngesbenche, prison of, 78/4 



LIST OF NAMES AND PLAOES. 



157 



Lacy, Edmund, Bp. of Exeter, 

his Pontifical t p. ISJ 
Lacy, William, tayler, 95/2 

Lady-Chapell of the Howse of 

Tewkesbery, 117/7 
LafFarebrugge, 70/2 3 : 1 Langford 

bridg^e on the Blackwater, near 

Maiden, Essex 

Langeford, Henre, Sir Wm. L/s 
son, 19/10; 20/4, 5> 12, 15, 29, 30 

Langeford, Lucie, daughter of Sir 
Wm. L., 19/30; 20/15, 24, 29, 30 

Langeford, Lady Lucy, Sir Wm. 

L.'s wife, 18/9, 16; 2O/27, 29; 

21/1 
Langbfokd, Sir William, knight; 

his Will, p. 18-21 
Langeford, Robert, his eldest son, 

19/1 ; and wife Elyzabeth, 19/7 

Langeford, Wm., Sir Wm. L.'s 
son, 19/8, 35 ; 20/12, 13, 16, 27 

Langeford, Ysabell, Sir Wm. L.'s 
daughter, 19/11 ; 2O/32 

Langholme, John, I2I/3 

Lantemam, Abbot of, IIO/9. The 
Abbey was in Monmouth. 

Laiance my neese, 39/i6 

Lawsell, Lawshall, Suffolk, be- 
quest for building its church, 69/13 

Lazar House of Walsingham, p. 

117, note 3 
La^ire, bowses of, next aboute 

London, 106/ 16 : leper hospitals 

Ledbury, Glostershire, 23/io; 
24/12, 20 

Lee, Essex, parish-church of, 37/ 

13; 38/3,27; 39/6 
Lee, poor of, 39/9 

Lee in Deuenshire, John Credy's 
place at, 74/1 1 

Leek, Eichard, I2I/4 

Leesthorpe in Leicestreshire, 63/ 
22 

Leget, Isabell, 42/5 



Leget, Eoberd, 4I/14, 18; 42/ 
12, 20, 23 

Leke, Eichard, 126/2 7 

Lemman, lohn, Citezein and 
Skynner of London, 34/26; 35/ 
10; his Wife, 36/1 

Leuch, Anneys, IIO/2 

Le Ware, Lord, 5 7/13 

Lewes, William, 68/29 

Lewys, Kateryne, my seruant, 46/ 
15,17; 46/IO, 13,20, 28; 47/5 

Leycestreshire, 6I/21 

Lincoln, Cathedral of, 20«. to, 
120/10 

Lincoln, Wm., Bp. of; a gold 
sapphire ring to, 120/ 13, 14 ; 121/ 
8 

Lobered, Peter de, of Burdeux, 

39/34 
Lochard, Sire William, 32/28 

London, Gefori, 80/6 

London, Bp. William, of, 66/17 

London, Lazare bowses next 
aboute, IO6/16 

London, the 6 'pore hospitales' 
near: St. Mary's, Bedlam, St. 
Thomas's, St. Anthony's, St. Bar- 
tholomew's, and St. Giles's, 31/31 ; 
32/1-3. iStftf Friars, Ludgate, New- 
gate, Prisons, St., Towre, &a 

Longeford (1 in Herefordshire), 

23/25 ; 25/19 

Lound, Henry, 68/21 

Loveden, Roger, of Bristol, mer- 
chant, 131/19 

Louell, Lady, I9/13 

Lowesley, John, 68/1 

Lowys & othyr seniauntys, I3/17 

Lister, WiUiam, 63/6 ; 64/i6 

Ludgate in London, the prisoners 
of, gift to, to pray for a Testator, 
31/27; 106/11 

Ludgate, prison of, 78/4 ; 11 8/17 



158 



LIST OF NAMES AND PLACES. 



Ladlow, Shiopsbire, the twey 
Ordres of Freres in, 31/i2 

Lunhx, Geretrude de, the wyf 
of William de Lanhx, Citezein and 
viuter of London, 103/6, 14 

Lujsote (a woman 1), 5O/24 

Lychfeld, maister william, persone 
of Alhalowen the more, IO8/4 

Lydyerd, IIO/24 : 1 Lidiard MU- 
lioent, Wilts. 

Lynches, the place of (1 in Shrop- 
shire), 34/1 1 

Lyndefeld, J., a Commissary of 
the Bp. of London, 72/ 11, 16; 
83/19; 90/19; 108/8; II9/23 

Lynebroke, the Prioress of, Aunt 
of Lady Peryne Ghinbowe, 50/4 

Lytell John Spotell, 40/s 

Machabre, Dance of, p. 104, 
note 

Malery, Sir WilHam, 1 28/25 

Maliot, Benet, 88/20, 22 ; 89/20 

Malmesbury, the Abbot of, 109/2 2 

Malton, Jn., 131/i5 

Man, John, cordwainer, 22/ii 

Mangeard, Maudes ; wife of Walter 
M., 95/16, 19 

Mangeard, Walter, of London, 
000k ; his Will, p. 94-5 

Manley, Hard, 53/7, * g^ey horse 

Manny, Sir Walter, p. 105, note 

Manton, ))e Maister of, 55/8 ; 58/2 6 

Marchall, lohan, a f rere, 48/9 

Marchall, Maister Ion, Dene of 
Briggenorth (Shropshire), 32/29 

Marcle, Herefordshire, 22/19 ; 
24/12, 14 

Marcle Church (Herefordshire), 
Chantry to be founded in, 25/ 10 

Margaret of Ware, IO7/17 

Mariorie [Olney] my wyfe, 48/i6, 
18 



Marshalsea, prisoners of the, 
31/30; 78/4; IO6/13 

Martfeld, Robert, 68/30 

Mary Maudelene of the holt, 
11 8/26-7, a chapeL See St. Mary. 

Massyngham, Wm., 121/4; 128/ 

29 

Massyngton (Herefordshire ?), 23/ 
20 

Mastorpe^ Lincohishire 1, 6O/30; 
64/12; p. 140 

Maut, Maud, 102/i6 

Mawde, my seruaunt, (bequest) to 
hire mariage, 19/2 5 

Medrose, Eichard, I2/14 

Melbourne, lohn, 107/2 3, 29, 35 

Mendam, John, of London, II/27 

Menston, William, 11 9/15, 26 

Merbury, John of, 66/1. (There 
is no such place in Carlisle's book, 
or Moule*s.) 

Mermaid Tavern in Bread St., 
Cheapside, bequest of its lease, 
78/19; p. 141 

Mersk, Acris, 53/7, 8 

Meryco, lohn, 134/3 

Meyre, Harry, III/16 

Michel Marcle, 22/19 • Much 
Marcle, Herefordshire. See Marcle. 

Miles, JankyU; the servant and 
trusty friend of Lady P. Clanftwe, 
50/15 ; 51/10, 21 

Miles, Jankyn, his wife, 50/2 5 

Milner, Eichard, 6O/32 

Mody, lohn, IIO/20 

Monkes Chirch, 93/2 1 ; p. 141 : 
Menken Hadley, or Hadley, next 
Bamet, Middlesex 

More, lohn, 1 25/23 

More, Sir Thomas, 71/7 : the 
Dead Dean of St. Paul's, p. 72 
note, p. 104 note, 105 note, 140 

Mores, Frost, 5 3/ 15 



LIST OF NAMES AND PLACES. 



159 



Morgan, Margaret, 11 8/21 

Morstede, Maister Thomas, 88/19, 

21 ; 89/15 
Morstede, Thomas, p. 134 

Morston, Devon, 74/25: Mort- 
ston, near Mortbay, W. of Ufra- 
combe 

Mortymer, Elizabeth, IIO/2 

Morys, Dauid, 6O/23 

Mottrun, Master Adam de. Arch- 
deacon of Canterbury, 10/ 13 

Mounkcocamton, avowsone of J)e 
chirche of, 20/ 11 

Monntfort, sir Wm., 119/is, 26 

Myddylton, Robard, 13/8 

Mylnere, Eichard, 64/i i 

Mymmes, William, and Anneys 
ys wyfe, 29/i5, 16 

Mytton, Anneys, atte lyon, 88/ 
26-7 

Nausan, John, 11 9/ 15 (? Nan- 
fan, a well-known family name in 
Cornwall) 

Neue, Bartholomew, 2/i, 9, 10, 21 

New Forest, Hampshire, Priory of 
the Canons of, 4/9, 10 

Newbery, lohn, 125/22 

Newe, hnsband of Elizabeth 
Rogers, 8/6 

Nbwbnt, Walter; his Will, p. 
83 

-, Alsofi (L. Alicia), his wife, 



83/14, 17* 21 

Newenton Valance, Church of, 

8/15 

Newgate in London, tbe prisoners 
of, 31/29; 106/11 

Newgate of Okeham, 64/i i 

New-kole, Aneys, 91/s 

Nbwland, Wm., of London and 
Normandy ; his Will, p. 65-6 



Newmarch, Jane, 11 8/ 12 

Newton, Devonshire, 74/19; 75/ 
7 : East of Bideford 

Newton, Devon, bequest to the 
Church of, 76/3 

Newton-Longvile, the manor of^ 
125/14, 21, 26 ; 126/19, 31 ; 127/14, 
22 

No mans land, p. 105, note 

Nokys, lohn of, III/18, 19 

Normandy, bequests of goods in, 
66/12 

Norreys, John, 11 9/15 

Northampton, the ankerisse of, 

48/13 
Northstoke, Lincolnshire, 123/26 

Norwiche, Andrewe, parson, 68/i 

Nunton, Thomas, mason, 68/33 

Obthorpe in Kesteuen, Lincoln- 
shire, 124/12 ; 126/16 

Ochecote, 107/io 

Okboum, lonet, 50/2 o ; 51/ii, 

22 
Okeham, Rutlandshire, 55/2, 9, 

14; 56/i6; 6O/29, 31; 64/1 1 

, Almshouse or Hospital of, 

62/23 ; p. 140 

-, parsonage of, 58/14 



Okenden, Alson, 42/5 

Oliuer, William, 44/5, ^^ 

Olnbt, Jn., of Weston, Bucks, 
his Will, p. 47-8 

, of Weston Underwood, 

his father, 47/io, p. 48, note 

Olney, Mariorie, Jn. 0.*s wife, 
48/i6 

Ondeley, lohn, 68/13 

Osbeme, William, 102/i6 

Osboume, sir Edward, vicary of 
Thomeoomhe (Devon), 28/7, '5 

Our Lady of Caversham, Oxford- 
shire, 117/8 



ICO 



LIST OF KAXES AND PLACES. 



Our Lady of Tewkesbury, 11 7/7 

Walsyngham, llT/ij 

Worceetre, 11 8/2 

Our Lady's 8pitals in London, 
78/9. 10 

Ozenden, Richard, 59/4 1 CO/29 

Oxerd, lotion, I9/19, 26 

Oxonford, vniuersitee of, IO5/2 

Ozyn, Alyson, IO2/18-19 

Ozyn, Thomas, hosier, IO2/27 

Owen or Owyn, William, 97/8 

Oweyn, William, 96/i5 

Page, lohn, of Oxenbolde, 34/25 ; 

35/10 

Palbjng, John, 1 25/25 

Panccas, St., tho parson of, 83/ 16, 
17. See Ganninghain's * Handbook 
of London,* with its quotations 
from Nash, 1589 — ^as manjalhailes 
to thy person as there be haLeocks 
in Inly at Pancredge/ — ^aiid Norden, 
1593, ' it is visy ted and ttsuail(y) 
haunted of roages, vagabondes, har- 
lettes, and theeves, who assemble 
not ther to pray, but to wayte for 
praye/ The Church is N. of the 
Great Northern and Midland Rail- 
way Stations at King's Gross, and 
the old Churchyard was some years 
ago laid out as a garden, which is 
much frequented by the poor, the 
inmates of the model lodging- 
houses, &G., near. 

Pantrye, John of, III/13 

Pardon Churchyard, St Paul's, 
London, 104/8 ; p. 140 

, Charter-House, p. 105, 

note 

Parker, Wa[l]ter, III/19 

Parmay, Hugh, I9/22 

Pascall, William, 107/is 

Pathislond, in Bradwell, Essex, 

70/13 
Patil's Cross, 11 3/4. See Powles 

and St. Paul's. 



Paul's, Dance of, p. 104, note 

Pecok, Richard, chaplain, 24/4 

Peubroke, Nichott, 1 25/24 

Perceuale, Raufe, 28/7 

Perche, Master John, Commis- 
sary of Wills, &c., 21/2 

Perpoynthurst, Sussex, 95/io : 
Hurstpierpoint 

Perrot, little, 6/13 
Pers, Litett, III/19 

PertenaR, Pertnale, Thomas, 42/2, 
16 

Pertnale, William, 42/17, 25 

Peryne, niece of Lady P» Clan- 

bowe, 50/7, 9 
Peter & Powle&seynt Bertylmew 

bequest of soul to, 92/7, 8 

Petir, litill, 53/7 

Phelippe, a man servant, 7I/24 

Phelippe, 88/26 

Philipe, William, chiualer, 54/iS 

Piers de la Hay, 54/8 

Piriesmaner in Essex), 70/io 

Plesynton, Sir Hy., 55/i i ; 57/35 ; 
p. 139 : Roger Flore's son-in-law 

Plot, Alys, John P.'s wife, 15/io 

Plot (or Rouwenhole), John, Citi- 
zen and Maltman of London; his 
Will, p. 14-16; Alys his wyue, 
14/18 

Podon, Sir Wm. (a priest 1), 67/9 

Pokyng, Robert, 88/24 

Pole (a man), 88/24 

Pomfretth, skynner of Yorke, 

35/17 
Porchalyn, Thomas, II6/11 

Portgrave of London, p. 105, note 

Portmannes Crosse fast by Brigge- 
north, 31/19 

Poultry Counter, a prison in, 
Loudon, p. 113, note 5 

Pounce^ Thos., 65/15; 66/10, 22 



LIST OF NAMES AND PLACES. 



161 



Pounde, Thomas, IO7/24, 29; 

IO8/11 
(St.) Powles grete chirchehawe of 

London before the Crosse, 113/4 

Prat, John, chaplain, 24/3 
Prelett, William, of Siscetre, 

112/3, 10 
Preston, 1 Glostershire, 23/ii 

Prestplace, Stoke, Lincolnshire, 

126/13 
Price, David, 66/16 

Prioresse of Chesthunt, 106/ 18 

Priorisse of Shaftebury, 6/7 

Putley, Glostersh. or Herefordsh., 
23/11 

Pychardisokell Manor, 1 Hereford- 
shire, 50/3 

Pygeon, Robert, Citaysyn and 

Draper of London, 14/ 18, 21 ; 

15/5, 7,23, 28,31; I6/13 
Ptnoheon, John, Citizen and 

jeweller of London ; his Will, 1392, 

p. 3 

Quatermains (Quatremains), Rich- 
ard, 74/8 ; 76/19, 20; 107/23, 29 
Quatford in Shropeshire, 30/ 10 

Radnore, Maister Thomas, IO9/14 

Rahere, founder of St. Bartholo- 
mew's, p. 92, note 2 

Rawfe, Thomas, my seruaund, 

20/17 
Rayncok, John, cleric, I2I/4 

Rechemond, Robard, my Cosyn, 
13/18 

Reignold, little, 6/16 

Remys, Thomas, steward to the 
lady Bemond, 8/29; 9/i8, 29; 
10/5 

ReneH', William, IIO/19 

(Sir) Reynold, my prest, 5I/4 

Richard of Beverley, tlie Spital of; 
13/1 

F. £. WILLS. 



Richard of the Warderobe, 1 1 l/i 3, 
21 

Richard, sir, my preest, 107/i8 
Richeford Hundred, Essex, 7O/20 

Richemond, Thomas, a frere, 

48/9 

Rigge, Adam, 29/i7 

Robert, a god -child, 102/ii, 13 

Robert, John, of London, 17/ 
12 

Robyn, litiU, 53/i6 

Rochefort, Henry, Sir Ralph R.'s 
3rd son, I23/14, 15; 124/2, 22; 
125/5,6,7; 127/18 

Rochefort, John, Sir Ralph R.*s 
2nd son, 123/ii, 27, 33 ; 124/22 ; 
125/10; 127/18 

Rochefort, Lady Margaret, Sir 
Ralph R's wife, 122/5. 8, 27; 
123/1, 17; 124/6; 127/ii 

Rochefort, Rauf, Sir Ralph R.*8 
eldest^son, 123/i, 4; 124/20; 
125/9, 13; 127/17 

Rochefort, Sir Ralph, Will of, 
p. 120-128 

Rodeley, William, 46/21, 27 

Rodeston, Robert, 54/8 

Roe, John, that hath wedded the 
forsaide Emot, 33/i3 

Roger, parkere of Ewhurst, 8/1 1 

Rogers, Elizabeth, wif Newe, 8/6 

RoGBRYSSON, John, of London; 
his Will, p. 41-42 

Rokewode, Thomas, Clerk, 68/2 

RoUeston, Roger Flore's servant, 

56/13 
Rome, pilgrim to be sent to, for 

the good of Testator's soul, 65/5 

Romeseye (Hants), menchouns ' 
and prestes of, bequest to, 7/19 ' 

Rone, 44/23 : Rouen. See Roon. 

Rone (] Rouen), Jenet of, 88/28 

^Rood Lane, London, p. 101,notQ 1 



162 



LIST OF NAMES AND PLACES. 



Eoode, John, and Troyde hys 
wyf, 84/9, II 

Boon, 40/27 ; p. 97, note 2 : 
Rouen, in Nonnandy. See Bone. 

Boos, Mawde, Bichard B.'s wife, 
13/9,21,26; 14/1 

Boos, Bichard, of London; his 
WiU, p. 12-14 

Boos, Bichard, glover, 22/i i 

Boos, Thomas, Bichard B.'s son^ 
12/12; 13/10 

Boos, Thomas, Bichard B.'s 
brother, 12/is ; 13/ 12, 17, 26, 29; 
14/4, 8 

Bote, Wyllyam, 42/7 

Boteland, 6I/21 : Butlandshire 

Bothewell, Thomas, IO7/24, 29, 
33 ; IO8/10 

BouwBNHOLE, OT Bouwenhale, 
alias Plot, John, maltman of London, 
16/8 ; his Will, p. 14-16 

Bowele, Alys, 68/22 

Buddok, Thomas, of Hackney, 
100/9 

Bussell, Frere, of the Austins, 
107/8 

Bussell, lohn, squyer, IIO/26; 
Jll/6 

Busshebrok, Sir John, chauntre 
prist of seynt Marget Patens (Lon- 
don), 102/20, 21 

Bwaren (? in Herefordshire), 25/4 

Bye, Jenet, 88/28 

Bykard, Wa(l)ter, 85/io 

Byke, Bichard, 1 33/15; ^ son 
William, 133/i6 

Byke, Thomas, 133/io; 134/i6, 
22 

Byslepe, 11/iS : Buislip 

Saint Alban*s Cathedral, 13 2/2 3 

Saint Alpheies, or St. Alphage, 
Church, in Aldermanbury, London, 

- 76/15 



Saint Andrew, the Translation of, 
May 9, 100/ 17 

St Andrew's Chapel, Bradfield, 
Berks, 18/6, 8 

Si Andrew's Church, Asperton, 
Herefordshire, 132/ 16 

St. Anton to be sculpturd at the 
left of Lady Warwick's head, 117/2 

St. Antonies Elsyng spiteU, Lon- 
don, 32/1, 2 

St. Austin's, Canterbury, 132/22 

St Austyn's Church, Watling St., 
London, 113/6 ; 114/2 

St. Austyn's in London, nexte 
Powles chirchejerd (in Watling 
St.), 132/13 

St. Austyn's Church, Hackney, 
Middx, 98/6 ; its churchyard, 99/9 

St Austynyscherchhawe (Austin's 
church-jard) of Hakeney (Middx), 
91/3 

St. Bartholomew's, the Priory of, 
in West Smithfield, London, 92/ 
16; 93/4; Church of, 92/10 

St Bartholomews spiteH beside 
West Smythfeld of London, 115/ 
22 

St. Bartilmewes in Smythfeld ia 
London, 32/2; 78/ 11 

St Benet Fvnk Church, London, 
42/6 

St. Benet Fynk, London, the 
parysh of, 41/ 15 

St. Bride's, or Bridget's, Parish, 
p. 65, note 1 ; churgh, 94/ 15 

St Christofre, an ymage of, 45/ 
II 

St. Clement's Church, East Chepe, 
84/6; its churchyard, 67/5; be- 
quest to its Parson and Master- 
clerk, 67/5-8 

St Clement's Church, Strand, 
(wy thowt jn Templebarr at) London, 
I6/17; 17/1,3,16 

St Colas lyght, at Twickenham, 

85i4 



LIST OP NAMES AND PLACES. 



163 



Saint Dnnstones Church in the 
West (Fleet St., London), 17/5, 
17 ; 21/23 

St. Elejmes, London, nonnes and 
prestes of, bequest to, 7/i, 2 

St. George, jeweld tablet of, 
117/11 

St. George's, Southwark, Surrey, 
29/2, 23-4 

St. Giles (Egidius), Feast of, 
68/8 

St. Giles's without Cripplegate, 
120/11 

St. Giles's Spital in. Beverley, 
Yorkshire, I2/24 

St. Gyles beside Holbourne, Lon- 
don, gift to the poor of, 32/3 

St. Gregories Trentall, 3I/7, 23; 
88/9, 10 ; 105/9 

St. James of Compostella in 
Galicia, Spain : pilgrim to go to the 
shrine of, for a testator, 65/8, 9 

St. James, in the Holte (Hamp- 
shire), 7/32 

St. lofen Baptist, 4 7/ 15 

St. John Baptist: taper to be 
burnt before, 81/ 13 

St. John the Baptist's Church at 
Bikinacre, Essex, 69/4 

St. lohn Euaungelist, 47/i5 

St. John the Evangelist to be 
sculptured on the right of Lady 
Warwick's he^d, 117/ 1 

St. John Ewangelist : 3 tapers to 
be burnt before, 81 /i 5 

St. John of the Craft of TailL^urrsl 
of London, brotherhood of, II4/28 

St. John, scripture of, on a silver 
cup, 50/33 

St. John Zacarie church, in the 
City of London, 73/6 

St. Katerine, soul given to, IOI/5 

St. Katherine's, outside the Bars 
of Lincoln, 120/ 16 



Saint Katryne, jeweld tablet of. 
117/10 

St. Katrens (Convent), 11 8/1 4 

St. Leonard's, Bridgenorth, Shrop- 
shire, 31/16; 32/7, 14 

St. Marget Patyns, IOI/9 : St. 
Margaret Pattens, Little Tower St. 
London. See St. Mergret. ' 

St. Margi-ete, soul given to, IOI/5 

St. Mary, mother of Almightv 
God, 4/8 ; and often 

St. Marie Chapell, 8I/18 

St. Mary kirk of Beverley (York- 
shire), 12/16, 17 ^ 

St. Mary Spital, Bedlam, London, 

St. Marie spitell with-oute Bish- 

oppesgate, London, 3I/31 ; 78/9 
St. Mary (Elsinge) Spital, 106/15 

St. Marie Maudeleyne, Hospital 
aboue Wynchestre, 7/35 ; 8/1 

St. Marie Magdaleyn of Quatford 
in Sbropeshire, 30/io. See Mary. 

St. Mary Ottery, Devon, College 
of, 105/12 ^ 

St. Mary Staining, London, 96/7 

St. Martin, the feast of the Trans- 
lation of, 14/15 

St. Matthew, 4 quayres of Doc- 
tours on, 51/4; p. 139 

St. Mergret lyght, at Twickenham, 

85/6 

St. Michael's in the Fen, near 
Boston, Lincolnshire, 120/ 18 

St. Michael's Mount, Cornwall ; 
pilgrim to go to, for good of Testa- 
tor's soul, 65/8 

St. Mildred's Church, Bread St., 

^»d?\ 77/13; 79/13; 82/19; 
Parish, 78/2 

St. Nicholas, brederhede of, 
founded by paressh clerkes in Lon- 
don, 114/26 

St. Nicholas Chapel, in St. Paul's. 
London, 132/5 

H 2 



164 



LIST OF NAMES AND PLAGES. 



St. Nicholfls Chapel in Bikinacre 
Priory, Essex, 70/6 

St. Nicholas's Chapel, in St. 

Jehu's Church, Bikinacre, Essex, 

69/5, lo 
St. Nicholas Coldabbey, Old Fisli 

St., London, IO6/3 

St. Nicholas, the Feast of the 
Translation of. May 9, 100/ 17 

St. Nicholas Oloff [Olave] Church, 
London, 82/19 

St. Nicholas of Weston, Biicks) 
47/18 

St. PauFs Cathedral, London; 
bequest to works of, 2/6 ; II/3 ; 
93/3 ; 132/6 

St. PauFs, London : the Chapell 
of our hlessyd Lady & seynt 
Nicholas, atte Northdore of the 
Cathedral cherche of, 132/5-7 

St. Paul's, its Chamell or Dead- 
house, 96/4 : London 

St. Paul's, Pardon-Churchyar(J at, 
104/8 ; works of, 105/ 1 : London 

St. Peter's Church, 93/2o : 1 St. 
Peter's at the Cross in Cheap, or 
St. P.'s in Cornbill, or St. P. le 
Poor, Old Broad St., or St. P.'s at 
Paul's Wharf. 

St. Peter and St. Christopher, in 
London, Church of, 3/6 

St. Peter's, Westminster (the 
Abbey), ll/i 

St. Sepulcre parosch, in the sub- 
urbe of London, 9/3 

Saints Simon and Jude, feast of, 
Oct. 28, 64/23 

St. Thomas the Apostle, church 
of, in Knightrider St., London, 65/ 
10 ; gift to the parson of, 66/2 

St. Thomas Spital in Southwerk, 
gift to the poor of, 32/i ; 78/ii ; 
IO6/15 

St. Wynfryde (some shrine of), 
118/5 

Salesbury, bequest to freres, men- 
ours, and prechours of, 7/2 S 



Salford, Mai^erie, 6/9 

Salisbury, Cathedral, gift to, I8/7 

Salwayn, Alison and Isabell, Sir 
Roger's daughters, 62/13, 14 

Salwayn, Edward, Sir R.'s brother, 
63/IO 

Salwayn, Elyn, Gerard S.'s daugh- 
ter, 53/27 

Salwayn, Gerard, son of Sir Roger, 
53/6, 27, 28 ; 54/8 

Salwayn, lohan, Sir Roger's 
brother, 54/i 

Salwayn, John, son of Sir Roger 

S., 52/13. 

Salwayn, Sir Roger, of York, his 
Will, p. 52-54 ; his wife, 54/i5 

Salwayn, Thomas, Sir Roger's 
brother, 53/i i 

Samon, Anneys, 58/21 
Sandwyche, will writ at, 40/7 

Sandwtk, Hary van, of St. Cle- 
ment's, East Chepe, London ; his 
Will, p. 84 

Saykyn, Robert, draper, of Lon- 
don, p. 130 

Saymour, lohn, 134/2 

Sayrys, 88/30 ; Sayres, 39/i : a 
farm or place in Essex ? p. 138 

Sceperd, John, I9/20 

ScHAPMAN, Robert, of Haringay, 
Middx ; his Will, p. 80 

Scheddysford, Thomas, 13/$ 

Scheffeld, I9/33 : 1 Sheffield 

Scheffild, Edmond, citizen and 
vintner of London, 79/24 

Schiplake, Margrete, 67/i2 

Schiplake, Wm., barber, 67/i7, 

18 ; 68/4, 5 
Schyfifeld, 19/2 7 
Scudamore, Sir John, 50/5 
Seluester, WiH, 9I/13 ; 92/2 
Seluester, Jonet, Will S.'s wife, 

91/15 



LIST OP NAMES AJ^D PLACES, 



165 



Seluester, Wm., 92/2 

Seynour, sir Richard, 94/5 

Shaftebury, Menchouns of the 
Hows of, 7/13 

Shaftebury, prestes of, bequest to, 

7/14 
Shaftebury, Priorisse of, 6/7 

Sharp, Eobert, goddis-child. 
101/18 

Sharpe, Robard, 102/ 19 

Shipley, Richard, 131/i 

Shottesbroke, a man, 5 4/ 18 

Shottesbrooke, Sir Robert, 53/14 

Shrovesbury, Sl/ii : Shrewsbury 
(the 3 Orders of Friars in) 

Siscetre (Cirencester, Gloster- 
shire), 1 09/2, 3 ; 110/8; II2/3 

, the Abbot of, 109/i6 

, the new chapett at, 110/8 

Sithinge, my cosin, 58/23 

Skelton, lohn, 42/7 

Skott, Richard, 125/2 5 

Skottes,at Totham,near Langford, 
Essex, 70/26 

Skreynge, the manor of, Lincoln- 
shire, 122/8, 25 ; 123/5 ; I24/14 

Skydmore (Scudamore), Sir Jn., 
50/5 

Skynner, James, of Bemflet, 
39/29 

Smart, John, bailiff of Sir Thos. 
West, 8/12 

Smyth, lohn. Sir T. West's Reue 
of Trestwode, 8/13 

Smyth, Peris, fe yongar, I9/20 

Smythislond (1 in Essex), 7O/3 

Smythyot, Richard, 50/5, 28 

Solas, John, of Southwark, 
Surrey ; his Will, p. 28, 29 

^ lone his wife, 29/19, 21, 

28 

Soler, Richard, 85/i i ; 86/2 



Solershope, Herefordshire, 23/ir 
Soon, Henre, I9/19 

Soppewell, in Hertfordshire, near 
St. Albans, 90/3 

• Church, Nuns of, 9O/5 

Southampton, bequest to freres 
menours of, 7/27 ; 4O/26 

Southcote, Berkshire, I8/16 

Southende in Boston, Lincoln- 
shire, 125/3 

Spengold, 38/32 : a farm or place 
in Essex P 

Spensers place atte JN'ewton in 
Deuenshire, 74/ 18 

Spitals of St. Thomas, St. Mary 
(Elsinge), and St. Bartholomew, 
IO6/15, 16 

Spore, lohn, ferroure (ironman, 

? farrier), 76/26 ; 77/3 
Spotell, Lytyll lohn, 4O/5 
Spriggy, Margaret, 58/22 
Spyke, John, 44/14 
Stable, John of the, IO7/15 
Stabul, Robert of fe, I9/22 
Stambrygge, Adam, 98/17 
Stanlehalle, 7I/35 : an estate 

Stanlow, William, 121/s; 126/ 

6,9 
Staunton in Somerset, 75/3 

Staverton, the Manor of, in Glos- 
tershire, 33/6, 18, 24 ; 34/2 

Stell, Richard, [)3/22 

Stenby, the Manor of, 6O/5, 11, 
21 : Stainby, Lincolnshire 

Steneby, a man, 57/i8 

Steuenes, Thomas, I3/32 

Stok Dabernoun, Surrey, 90/8, 15 

Stoke Church, Lincolnshire, 120/ 
17 ; 127/2 

, Manor, Line, 123/5 

f Lincolnshire, 1 24/i 2 ; 

126/13,30 



166 



LIST OF NAMES AND PLACB8. 



Stoke (1 near Guildford, Surrey), 

90/8. See Stok 
Stokes (Stookes), Wm., 21/s, i6 

Stone bridge at Langford (?), 
Essex, bequest for, 7O/23 

Stoneham, mayster Robert, 5 7/ 11 

Stonham, Wm., Commissary of 
the Bp. of London, 72/29 ; 83/7 

Stoureprewe, or Stoureprews, the 
manor of, 125/14, 20; I26/19 ; 
127/1 3» 22 

Stianstone, Margrete, 44/8 

Stratford, Ealph, Bp. of London, 
1348, p. 105, note 

Strauston, Margarete, 13/6 

Sturgeon, John, the elder, 134/i5, 

21 
Sturgeon, lohn, Nicholas S.'s 

brother, 133/7 

Sturgeon, Nicholas, priest; his 
Will, p. 131-134 

Sturgeon, Richard, brother of 

Nicholas S., 133/9; 134/i5, 23 
Sulhamstede Abbis, I9/28, 33 
Sussex, 95/10 

Swetenham, Beatrice, myn aunte, 

58/23 

Symond, John, 127/s 



Tailour, lankyn, 50/2 2 
Tailour, John, 51/ii, 22 
Talbot, Alson, 13/; 
Talbot, lohan, 12/is; 13/2 7 ; 

14/5 
Tamworth, John, I2I/3 

Tanner, William, of Ersgarston, 

19/14 
Tasseley in Sbropesbire, the 

Parisshe Chirche of, 35/ 14 

Tavern, WiU, I3O/13 

Temple-Bar, without, London, 

17/20 

Teukysbury,the Abbot of, IO9/15 ; 
the Prior and Convent of, 109/ 16 



Tewkesbery, the Howse of, 11 8/4, 

Tey, Robert de, Esq., Essex, 69/i 6, 

18; 71/17 
Thatteley (1 in Herefordshire), 

25/13 
Thomas, George, cousin of Stephen 

T., 40/25 
Thomas, Jon, Stephen T.*8 

brother, 39/i8 

Thomas, Maister, 88/21 

Thomas, Matilda, or Maude, wife 
of Stephen T., 38/6, 7, 17, 29, 
31; 39/1-4; 40/30; 41/9 (I^t. 
Matilda) 

Thomas, Stephen, of Lee, Essex ; 
his Will, p. 37-40 ; Codicil made 
at Roaen, p. 40-1 

Thomas, Myne seruant, 85/i i 

Thomas, Thomas my Cooke, 

133/30 
Thomase Blount, Menchon (nun), 

of Romeseye (Hants), 6/8 

Thomelyn, 88/23 

Thomme of the warderobe, 6/15 

Thommissone, Henry, apprentice 
to Jn. Toker, vintner, 78/ is, 29 

Thomcoflfyn manor in Somerset, 
74/24 

Thornecombe, Devonshire, 26/21 

y sir Edward Osbourne, 



vicary of, 28/8 
Thornecombe church, Devonshire, 

129/14 ; 130/3, 10 
Throckmarten, Jn., of Fladbury, 

p. 130 
Thurleby in Kesteuen, Lincoln- 
shire, 124/13 ; 126/16 
Thurston, lohn, 8/30; 9/i8- 10/s 
Tirell, sir lobn, knyght, 107/2 2, 

28 
Toker, John, of London, Vintner; 

his Will, p. 77-9 
Tootham, 70/2 5 : Totham, near 

Longford, Essex 



LIST OF N4MES AND PLACES. 



167 



Tornom, Thomas, of Ikenham, 

11/27 
Torre, Eobard, 13/3 3 

Towre of London, 86/20 

Trebell, sir lohn, my confessour, 
llO/ii 

Trestwode, John Smyth, Sir T. 
West's Reve of, 8/14 

Triche, Jacob, 38/6, 7, 16, 25 ; 
41/10 

Trinity Altar in St. Bartholomew's 
Church, London, 92/ 10 

Trinity Chapel at Cirencester, 
109/2 

Trinity Chapel, Haringay, Hom- 
sey, Middx, 80/ 13 

Trinity Church, Knight Riders 
St., London, 82/20 

Tropmell, William, taillour, of 
London, 53/19 

Tropnell, William, 44/19 

Trotter, Master lohn, 107/i8 

Troyde Roode, John R's wife, 
84/9, II 

Tukkysworthe, Anneys, 41/i6 ; 
42/1, 19 

Tumour, lohn, carter, 19/2 3 

TvoKT, Thomas, Esq. ; his Will, 
p. 36, 37 

Twickenham, Middlesex, 85/4 ; 
86/4 ; its Bridge (over the Colne P), 

85/7 

Tybbeney in Ostofi, J>e mede 
clepyd, 19/28 

Typpop, lohn, 13/8 

Tyrell, Amy, wife of Richard T., 
90/11 

Tyrbll, Richard, Esq. (? of Stoke- 
Dabemon, Surrey) : ms Will, p. 
89-90 

Upchurch, St. Mary, London, 

1/17 
Vsk, Monmouthshire, 109/2$ 



Usk, the Prioress and Convent of 
the House of, 109/; 

Valans in Suffolk, 69/26 

Van Sandwtk, Hary, of St. de- 
mentis, East Chepe, London: his 
Will, p. 84 

Veel, Edeyn (a woman), 29/13 

Venys, Syr lohn, 93/3 

Virgin Mary, bequest of Testator's 
Soul to, 120/7 (fi^^ ^ nearly every 
other Will) 

Waddon, Thomas, 13/8 

Wade, Thomas, 29/is 

Waket, apprentice of Wm. Schip- 
lake, barber, of London, 67/ 12 

Walgraue, lohn, seruaunt of 
Wyllyam fondour, 15/2 5 

Walsyngham, Alson, 83/17 

Walsyngham, Nicholas, I3/4 

Waltham Abbey, sir John Gifford, 
Canon of, IO6/20 

Walwayn, Cristian, Thos. W.'s 
daughter, 23/24 

Walwayn, Isabell, Thos. W.'s 
wife, 23/17 ; 24/2, II ; 25/22 j 26/9 

Walwayn, John, of Stoke, Thos. 
W.'s nephew, 24/2 

Walwayn, Maclun, Thos. W.'s 
son, 23/26 ; 24/20, 22 ; 25/i2 
(lands entaild ou him), 14, 18, 25, 
26 

Walwayn, Richard, Thos. W.'s 
son, 24/14 J P 25/3 (or is this fellow, 
whose wife is Clemence, a nephew P); 
26/2, 9 

Walwatn, Thomas, Esq., of 
Much Marcle, Herefordshire; his 
]Vill, p. 22-26 

Walwayn, Thomas, son of Wm., 
and nevew of Thos. W., 24/3, 16, 
17, 18 ; 25/7 

Walwayn, William, Thos. W.'s 
son, 23/26 ; 24/22 ; 25/i4, 17, 18, 
24,25 



163 



LIST OF NAMES AND PLACES. 



Walwayn, William, Thos. W/s 
brother, 23/27 

Walwayn, William , son of William 
W., and nevew of Tbomas W. the 
testator, 24/i6, 17 ; 25/f 

Wandsworth Church, Surrey, 82/ 

19 
Wanton, lohn, 107/6 (Imay be 
' Wauton,' a well-known Essex 
name) 

Warderobe, Eichard of the, 111/ 
13,21 

Ware, Margaret of, 107/ 17 

Wareyn, Beatrice, 6/10 

Wameford, Eichard, 112/2 

Warwick, Countess of; her Will, 
p. 116-119 

Warwick, Eichard Beauchamp, 
Earl of, p. 134 

Wascheboume, Xorman, 11 8/ 17 

WasteU, WilHam, III/14 

Waterwilughby, Lincolnshire, 
126/8 

Watkyn, litiH, my Godsone & 
my seraant, 95/4 

Watley, lohan, I3/3 

Watlyngstrete, London, N. Charle- 
ton's leasehold house ia, 115/ 19 

Wauton. See Wanton. 
Wellys, lohn, 13/s 

Welsham, manor of (1 in Suffolk), 

72/1 

Wemme, lohn, 1 33/30 

West, Lady Alice, her Will, p. 
4-10 ; p. 135 

West, Sir Thomas^ masses for his 
soul, 6/26 

West, Sir T., and Lady A., be- 
quest for tomb of, 8/5 

West, Thomas, 4/ii ; 8/20, 27, 
32 ; and lobane his wife, 8/17, 28 ; 
9/8, 12, 26 ; 10/4 ; p. 135 

Westminster, Abbot of; his prison^ 
106/12 



Westnjinstre, the Convent of, 
11/4 

Westminster, lease under the 
Abbey of, 68/14 

Westminster prison for *Clerkes 
conuict,' 78/7 

Westnewlond, at Totham, Essex, 
70/26 

Weston, Draper, and I, 74/30 

Weston, the Chapel of, 74/7 

Wharplod, Wm., of Chalfont St. 
Giles, p. 130 

Whetley, John, Citizen of London, 

69/17, 19 ; 71/19 

White, lohne (Joan), I5/17 

White, Maude, I5/17, 20, 21 > 
16/2, 4 

Whitehed, Symkyn, 82/i, 12, 20, 
28. See Whyteman. 

Whitman, Alice, wife of Eichard 
Whyteman, waxchandler, 82/26, 
28 

Whitney, Sir Eobert of, 49/i6, 20 

Whityngham, Anneys, IO6/23 

Whyte, lohan, his seruauntys, 

13/16 
Whyte, lohan, the yongger, I3/14 
Whyteman, Katerine, 82/5 

Whyteman, Eichard, Citizen and 
Waxchandler of London ; his Will, 
p. 81-3. See Whitman. 

Wichard, lohn, 1 33/29 
Wilbe, Maude, 88/27 
Will my man, 71/2 3 

William, Frere, 88/s : Friar 

William 
WiDiam of fe kechyn, 107/i6 

Wilton, Menchons and priests of, 

7/22 

Wiltshire, a legatee of Lady 
Warwick's, II8/24 

Wodcok, lolin, my mayater, 12/ 
10 J 13/31 ; his servants, 13/2 



LIST OF NiLMBS AND PLACBS. 



169 



Wodehouse (in Shropshire, E. of 
Oswestry), the Friars of, 31/io 

"Wodeville, Bichard, 54/i5 

Wodrof, lohn, and Alison his 
wyf, 101/13, 14 

Wolfhope, 23/i i : 1 Woolhope, co. 
Hereford 

Wood St., London, bakehouse in, 

73/8 

Worcestre, our Lady of, 11 8/2 

Wotton chirch, IIO/22, 24 

Wotton (-under-Edge, Gloster- 
shire), 109,2$ 

Wrenchyn, Symond, 35/2 

Wright, sir William, perosone of 
my parische chircbej 83/i, 3 

Wring-wren lane, London, p. 65, 
note 2 

Wycrof te, Devon (W. G. Stone), 
27/12 

Wyght, a Chyrche in Je He of, 
20/1 

Wyke, causy atte, 85/8 

Wylbury, Maister lohn, 93/2 

Wylde, Nicholas, 11 4/15 

Wylkynsone, lohn, of the Kechyn, 
107/16 



Wynchelsee, Frere, 107/7 

Wynchestre, bequest to freres 
prechours and Menours of, 7/26, 27 

Wyntryngham, Jonet, 88/26 
Wyot, Johon, 17/8 



Yasore, Herefordshire, 49/8 

Yasore Church, bequest to, 50/2 7 

Yate, John, uncle of Jn. Chelmys- 
wyk, 34/22 ; 35/10 

Yelot, Eoger, 86/2 

Yngram, John, IO7/4 ; IO8/5 

Yonge, Amys, Richd. Y.'s wife, 
22/9 

YoNQB, Eichard, of London, 
Brewer ; his Will, p. 21-2 

Yonge, Thomas, 107/i2 ; 108/6 

Yonge, William, Richd. Y.'s son, 
22/8 

York, my lord of, 109/2 4 

York, the Grey Friars Church at, 

62/5 

, the other 3 Orders of 

Friars at, 52/8 



MdrUon, 68/26 ; Eatoey, R., 55/8. ' Manton, a parish in the hundred of 
Martinsley, co. Ratland, 3} miles S.£. of Oakham, its post town, and 3 N.E. 
of Uppingham. It is a station on the Syston and Peterborough branch of the 
Midland railway. The parish, which is of ancient date, is situated between the 
rivers Gwash and Chater, and formerly belonged to Clugny Abbey. It had a 
chantry f founded by William Wade in Edward Ill's time, the revenue of which, 
at the Dissolution, was valued at £22 ISs, 6d,* — Nicholson's Naiional Oazetteer. 

Bradgate or Broadgate Park, an extra-parochial district in the western 
division of the hundred of Qoscote, in the co. of Leicester, 5 m. to the N. W. of 
Leicester. It is on the border of Chamwood Forest . . . (and waa) the birthplace 
of Lady Jane Grey, in 1537. (Hamilton's NationcU Cfaaetteer, Virtue and Co. 
1678.) The Earl of Stamford and Warrington is now lying ill there. Fishers 
Green, Essex, is about 2 miles N. of Waltham Abbey and 1 m. E. of Cheshunt. 



170 



LIST OF WORDS AND SUBJECTS. 



abonne, 97/i : above 

aboute, prep, 76/23 : among 

abowot, 11 8/20: about 

aburioTin of stele, 19/9, ^^ * ^^~ 
bergeon 

abyde, 88/1 : wait for 

acomplesshid of, III/32 : carried 
out with 

acomd silver spoons, six, 45/ 12 ; 
46/25-6 

adjective plural after pi. noun, 
82/2, &c. 

adjective plural before pi. noun : 
* Twey honestes prestes,* 31/ 14 

affermyng, 64/2 o : confirming 

afore, 5I/13 : before 

after, 2/ 10 : according to, how 

age, withy nne, 102/ 13 : under 
age, under 21 

i^ens the day, 15/i8 : for, at 

aither,^on. 124/22: each 

Ale, a galon of, and a \d. loaf for 
eyery poor mau and woman, 40/ 14 

ale, a kildkerin of, 17/i6, 17 

aleves, 29/i : hallows, saints 

alfyere, an, 29/13 : half a year 

algates, I27/27 : nevertheless, 
anybow 

almasdeddes, 5O/14 : almsdeeds 



almes^edys, bequest for, 2/8, &c. 

almes for poure men, IO9/9, &c. 

almesse, 11 4/20: alms 

altar, painted sheet to hang before, 
96/9-IO 

Altar, high, gift to, for oblations, 
&c. forgotten, 2I/24 ; 80/8 ; 8I/7 ; 
84/7 ; 85/5 ; 94/16 ; 98/7 ; 101/ 
10; 113/5 

Alyi*, grene, II7/14 - ' some stuff 
for a gown. See p. 97, note 

ambeler (ambling nag), the best, 
to a wife, 67/34 

amende, v. t. 49/ 1 5 : repair (bridges, 
&c.) 

amendit, pp, 27/17 : made amends 
for, paid for 

amendynge, sh, 96/8 ; 98/9 : 
repair 

amenusy, inf, 28/3 : diminish 

an, 21/21, 22 ; 22/3, 6, 8, 10 : and 

anamylyd, pp, 45/8 : enameld 

and, 20/32 : if 

and, 46/21 : an, a 

aneyuer gurdil, 46/io : (1) it's of 
silk, black, green, and rea 

Angel with one wing, p. 117, 
note 3 

Ankerisse off Northampton, 48/i 3 : 
anchoress, female recluse 



LIST OF WORDS AND SUBJECTS. 



171 



annexed ])is . . witli my testament, 
64/19: tied it onto 

annuities, 126/i8 ; 126/i2 

anoon, 51/2 : immediately 

anscwere, vb, 8O/7 : answer 

answere befoie god, as Executors 
will, 112/6. See Executors. 

ant, 39/2 : and 

apparaillement, 32/24 : dress and 
ornaments, paraphernalia 

apparure, I8/12 : dress, rings and 
ornaments, paraphernalia 

appoyntement, 43/i : declaration 

apprentice releasd 2 years of his 
term, 22/5 

apprentices, bequest to, 114/9 

apprenticeship term, bequest of 

an, 78/29 

apprentisehod, sh. apprenticeship, 
78/17 

apref, II9/19 : aprooval, confirm- 
ation 

ar, 5O/11, before 

aray, sh 79/2 : dress 

arayd, to be new, 133/26 : to have 
a new suit of clothes 

armerer, 94/i8 : armourer (Jn. 
HiU) 

armerure, 68/13 : collection, lot, 
of armour 

armes, my seal of myn, 64/20 

armeure, 109/2 5 : armour 

Armiger, 68/10 : esquire 

arming girdle, p. 110, note 6 

armour, bequest of, I9/4-1 1 

armour, a knight's^ gift of, 19/ 
4-10 

jBirms on a tomb, 88/14 

arms, crest (or ? coat) of, to be 
put on a tomb, 105/i i 

Arsegirdle of silver, IIO/25 : ? a 
girdle passing at the top of the 



right thigh and drooping oyer the 
left rump 

asselid, pp, 44/13 • seald up 

assigned, pp. 72/6 : set apart, 
orderd, directed 

assigns : to here heyres & as- 
signee, 99/21 

assithe, 119/5 • satisfaction, a- 
mends 

assyngned, pp. 11 6/5 : pointed 
out, fixt on 

assyngnes, sb.pL 15/i : assigns 

astate, 6O/9, estate ; 71/3 2 : es- 
tate, grant, conveyance 

astate, ioint, 6O/1 : joint estate 

asyne, II/2 : direct, fix 

at : * Cometh at,' 1 23/30, comes to 

auncetres, 50/2 7 : ancestors 

auundyrus, 45/i4; 46/i6; and- 
irons 

avaunsyd, pp. I9/31 : advanced, 
got forward in the world, educated 
and marrid 

aues of siluere, ten, 68/26 : beads 
to say the Aves on 

avice, 95/13 : benefit 

aviso, sb, 93/i 7 : opinion, decision 

ayd&r, pron. 22/i2, either 

bachous [bakehouse] in Wode- 
strete in Londen, 73/8 

bake .vj. buschellys of whete of 
smale Halpeney Loves (for poor 
folk), 40/13, 14 

baleys, 1 1 6/6 : rubies ; 1 1 8/i 6, 
ruby 

bankar of blewe & blak, 102/i : 
cover of a bench, falling down over 
its sides 

bankers, 5/i ; bankerus, 46/2o 

barell, verjuice, gift of, 9I/19 

Barley, gift of bushels of, to Har- 
lington Church, and W. Rykard, 
85/10 



172 



LIST OF WORDS AND SUBJECTS. 



baselard, I2/17 : a long dagger 

baselard bameysed witb siluer, 
34/28 

basilardes bameysed witb siluere, 
58/IO 

bassenet, 4O/39 : a light kind of 
helmet 

Bastard Sweid, 35/3 : a triangular 
squat sword 

basyn of led, 2/3 ; basyn of siluer, 

6/1 1 

basyn and ewer, TS/iq ; of silver, 

66/4; 57/19 
basyn knopped, IOI/27 

basynet witb a ventaile, 19/4 : 
small helmet with moyable part 
near the mouth to let the breth 
thru 

bay bors, a litill, 111/ 18 

bay bors, gift of, 53/5 

beads, a pair of, 58/24 

beast, testator's best, as a Prin- 
cipal or offering : horse to follow 
his corpse, and then be given to 
the Priest, 47/i8. 

becure of seluer, 45/7, ^ 7 • sHybt 
beaker or jug 

bed, ]}at is to say, couerlide, tapite, 
blankettis, too peyre schetes, 
matras and canvas, 57/22 

bed and its belongings, 19/2 ; 

91/5 
bed of tree, 2/i : wooden bed 

bed, paled [striped] blak & whit, 

5/5 
bedbere, 41/i 7 : bed 1, not only 

bed-case or covering 

bedde, a white, witb roses, 76/i7 

beddyng, 48/6 : gift of, to 5 poor 
men, 35/19 

bederpes, 27/13 : reapings done 
by poor tenants for their Lore 

bedes of corati, 5O/17 

bedes of silver, witb a crucifix, 



102/3 ; of blak gaudys of siluer 
& gilt, 102/4 

bedmen, 1 26/30 : men to pray 

bedrid folk, gift to, II/23 ; 79/$ 

bebouefull, 125/2 : helpful 

beleue, 39/24 : remain 

bells of St Austin's, Hackney, 
gift for the repair of, 98/8 

heme fat y weye J^er-witb, 46/27 : 
balance 

bequest, I have made, to, 11 4/17 

bequestis, sb. pi. IO3/9 

heqweth, pp. 48/17 ; bequetbe, 2?p. 
2/4; 29/18: bequeathd 

beqwedyt, 130/i8 : bequeathd 

-bere ; bed-bere (cp. pilwebere), 
41/17 : a case? 

beret, 26/i : buried 

berieH, 96/5 : grave, tomb 

hemes, sb. pi. 23/19 • l>ams 

berynge, 29/5, 12 : burial, funeral 

beset my testament, 2I/20 : make 
it 

Bessbe (a gown furred witb), 50/ 
25 : P can*t be * Biche : f. A Hind ; 
the female of a Stag.' — Cotgrave. 
See £ussh<?, 88/25 

BestaH, 95/io, 12 : beasts, cattle 

besynesse, do ber, 51/i2 : strive, 
endeavour 

betake, 98/4 * commit, bequeath 

betb, 39/25 : are 

beuer and oter medled, 37/2 : 
beaver and otter skins mixt 

bey, vb. pi. 45/ 1 1 : be, are 

beyer, sb. 88/24 • buyer 

bidde, 6/30 : to pray 

bille, 55/14 ' document, testament 

bille endented, 56/13 ^ ^^ ^^ 
household goods 

Black Death, the, p. 105, note 

black gowns, gift of, 29/7, ^ 



LIST OF WORDS AND SUBJECTS. 



173 



blalc, furred with, III/3: 1 bat- 
skins 
blake, a. 37/5 • dark-tinted 
blake, a gowne of, 110/ 19 
blanket, white, lining a russet 

gown, 91/17 
blankets, gift of, 76/i6; IOI/19 ; 

133/20, &c. 
blankets and sheets, 36/ii 

blew cloth, iiij yerdes of, given 

to a priest, 110/ 13 
Blind and Lame, bequest to the 

poor, 3/7 ; 130/S, &c. See Poor, 
blue enameld knob, 45/8 

bocull, 467; : a buckle. See 

Bokyll. . 
body of a Church, gift to, 84/8 

bofet, 91/8 : a buffet, high cup- 
hoard 

bok, 8b, 27/20 : will 

bokes, latyn, englisch, & frensch, 
5/13 

bokyll, 45/10 : a buckle 

bolle cuppe I-keueryd, 45/i6 : a 
bowl with a lid 

bolle, pece, 46/3, 4 : a silver bowl 

bolle of seluer, 76/6 : silver bowl 

book, a good honeste : a Portoos 
or portable Breviary, 59/6 

boond,^/?. 79/19 

bordcloth, 19/;; IOI/21, 22: 
table-cloth ornamented 

bordeclothes, 66/22 : table-cloths 

bord mausure with a bond of 
seluer, 46/5 : a wooden mazer 
bound with silver (gilt and orna- 
mented) 

boses apon the brerdes, 5/ii : 
bosses on the rims 

botelles of siluer & gilt, a pere, 
108/2 

Boterie, officers of, IIO/15 

bojjum, 56/26 : bottom 



bow, a good, bequest of, 2 2/ 12 

bo we, pesid, 42/21 : bow made 
up of several long pieces of wood, 
to stiffen it and make it shoot 
farther 

bowe wythowte pecis, 42/3 

Box, common, of a religious 
Brotherhood, 113/15, 16 

brass and other instrumentes of 
all myn hoashold, 23/ 18 

bracelet of gold, IIO/7 

branche of fe couercle, 45/i8 : 

part of a jug-lid 
brandemes, 66/27 ; of erne (iron), 

57/27 : iron supports on the nearth 

to rest logs on 

bras pot, gift of a, 15/2 1 ; 9I/20 

bras pot of a galon, 91/7 

brassarts, p. 54, note 1 : arm-plates 

brasse spytes, 57/26 : brass spits 

brasyn) pottes . • . pannis . . . 
bascinus, 46/14 

bread & ale at my Dirige, 15/i6 ; 

17/15-17 
bread and herrings for some Essex 
poor, for 10 years, 70/2 1 

brederhede of my craft (Skinners) 
of Corpus Christi, II3/14 ; of our 
Lady, 113/i6 

brerdes, gilt, 56/6, 10 : gilt rims, 
edges (P) ; bosses upon them, 5/i i 

brestplate, 19/s 

brether, 124/22 : brothers 

Brethered, l/ii : brotherhood, 
fraternity 

brethir, 52/io : brother 

Brewe .x. buschellys of malt f orto 
3ef poor men, 40/ 11 

bridges and foul ways, gift to 

amend, 49/ 15, &c. 
Bridges, bequests to (for repairs^ 

70/23; 71/4; 85/7, 8, &c. 
bringe me on erthe, 2/i : bury me 
broches, yren, 46/17 : spiti " 



174 



LIST OF WORDS AND SUBJECTS. 



brode bosum o£E his [Jesus's] 

mercy, 47/i3 
broken gold, 117/9 * P^^es of gold 

ornaments, &c 
brotherhede, 13d/ii : brotherly 

kindness 

browded, 65/ 14 : embroiderd 

brynge on erthe, 103/8 : bury 

bryngyng on erth, 92/ 11 : burial 

bullock, bequest of a dun, and a 
red one, 98/ 11, 12 

bun, 23/10 ; 24/12 : are 

burial : wife and children to be at 
a testator's, 29/ 1 1 

Bussh, 88/25. See Bessbe. 
by sidy 8, 130/4 : near, adjoining 
byqwothin, 86/1 : bequeathd 
byret, 21/2 2 : buried 

Calabre, my Furre of, 34/2 o 

canape to a bed, 133/i 

candelstykkys of laton, 46/19. 
See Chaundelers. 

candle-moulds and toois, 82/21 

candlesticks, gifts of, 82/2, 10 

Canons of Waltham AW)ey, be- 
quest to, IO6/21 

canvas, blue, over bed, 4/15 

canvas for a bed, 56/20 

capons given by poor Tenants to 
their Lords, 27/ 12 

carde, curteyns of, 7 6/16 : 1 carded 
flax or wool 

(Carmelite Friars of London, 31/ 
21. See Friars. 

Carmes, Freres, of London, 16/ 
20 : Carmelite Friars 

carts, gift of, 56/29 

caryin, my foule, 27/5 • carrion, 
corpse 

catall quykk, I8/9 : live stock 

catalles, 79/i7 : chattels 



Catallys mebles, 35/4 : moveable 
chattels 

catSy wild; skins of, to fur a 
gown, 37/1 

causy atte Wyke, 86/8 : raizd 
way 

chafur, 46/i8 : warming dish, 
saucepan. See Chaufur. 

chair, bequest of, IO2/19 

chales, 5/21; chaleys, 33/i, 4; 
76/3 : chalice, the cup that held 
the wine and water for and after 
Consecration for the Eucharist 

chales cnppe, with ))e couercle, & 
my merke y-made in \>e cnappe, 46/ 
22 

chalice, gift of, 46/19 ; 132/i5 

Chantry priest, 102/2 2 

Chantry to be founded in Marcle 
Church, Herefordshire, 25/io 

chambre, 18/ 11 : room in a bouse 

chambrer, 6/14 : chamberwoman 

chapeleyns, bequest to, 110/ 11 

chapell vestymentz, bequests of, 
6/16 

chapes, 4/13 : Fr. chape, chappe, 
'locket of a dagger, or scabberd, 
the top^ or crown on the top, of a 
bill ' — Cotgrave. 

Chaplain of the Chantry founded 
by T. Walwayn, 23/i 

charche, v. t 134/i3 : charge, 
burden 

chare, 5/26 : a carriage) 

chargeours, 56/8 : chargers, trays 

chargours of seluer, two, 49/ 17 

chariot, 5/26 : a carriage for 
armour 

Chamell (Dead-house) of St. Al- 
phage, 75/16, 18; 76/i. See St. 
PauTs. 

chased werk (on a cup), 133/ 14 

chased with Rosys, IIO/16: en- 
graved, ornameuted 



LIST OF WORDS AND SUBJECTS. 



175 



Chastity, a Widow's Vow of, 
with Mantle and Ring, 60/8, 25 ; 
Notes, p. 135 

chaufour, of siluer, 5/i i, 12 : heat- 
ing dish or pan, saucepan 

chaufur of bras, IOI/28 : heating 
dish, saucepan 

chaundelers, 5/23 : candlesticks 

Chaunterie of St. Leonard's, 
Bridgnorth, 32/; ; 33/2, 4. See 
' Saint ' in Name-List. 

chest, gift of a, 2/2 ; 9I/19 

chest, my peynted, IO2/19 

chete, 48/7 • sheet 

cheuerons, 4/19 : heraldic orna- 
ments (two oars, set at an obtuse 
angle) 

Children to be govemd by Exe- 
cutors, 72/3 

chippe, sh, 4O/26 : ship 

chirchau, 8O/4 : churchyard 

chirchehawe, 8 1/9 ; 1 1 8/4 : church- 
yard 

chirche werkes of St. Brides, 94/ 
18. (Many others occur.) 

chirchhey, 26/21 : churchyard 

Churche Clerk of Seynt Benet 
Fynk, London, 42/io 

cinquefoil markt on silver saucers, 

56/8 

clerely, 122/26 : (remain) dear 

Clerkes conuict, prison for, at 
Westminster, 78/7 

Clerk of a Church, gift to, 76/8 ; 
77/18; and often 

clerks of Abchurch, bequest to, 

1/13 
clippyng (clasping) of ij handes 

(on a ryng), IO2/4 

Cloister of a Church, 8I/9 

cloke, gift of, 91/17 

cloke of Blake russet, 37/5 

closid (last will examyned and), 
119/20 : completed 



cloth : corpse to be wrapt in, and 
have no cofiBn or lead, 27/4 

cloth of gold, 117/14. See Clothis. 

cloth whyte, 46/31 : undyed 
cloth 

clothes for poor men, 49/i4 

clothes to be sold, and proceeds 
given in charity, 79/2-6 

clothis of gold, and clothis of 
silke, II8/3. Seedloi]!. 

clothynge & werynge hameys 
and beddynge, III/24 

cloue-fote bestes, 23/i8 : cloven- 
footed : oxen, cows, pigs, &c. 

cnap, sh, 45/8 : knob, top of a 
jug-cover 

coal and wood, bequest of, 91/ii 

coals — charcoal— bequest of, 101/ 
14, 17 ; 102/14 

Codicil to a will, p. 63, &c. 

Codicil cald *my last wille,' 64/ 
21-2 

CodiciH, in this, 4O/9 

coexecutour, IOO/7 ; coexecutours, 
95/20 ; coexecutur, 98/ 16 

cofur, 102/10 : coffer, chest 

coillors, 52/16 : collector. Fr. 
* Cueilleur, m. A gatherer.* — Cot- 
grave, 

colett, 8b, 133/25 : a collect 

columbyn, IO6/24: a flower, a 
cup of its shape 

Colys doun, 39/30 : down of ? 

combe of yverie, 97/i2 

Company of Heuene, 38/14: 
saints, &c. 

comyng, 125/8 : issuing, begotten 

conably, I9/31 : suitably, fitly 

condicions vpon feffementes, 59/ 

17 
consideracion, 127/2 7 : regard 

content, 132/ii : retumd, r6- 
stord, satisfied 



176 



LIST OF WORDS AND SUBJECTS. 



contented, debts to be, 94/19; 
95/2 : satisfied, paid 

contrarie his will, 122/i6 : con- 
trary to it; *c. to,* 122/21 

Convent, Couent, 109/i8, 19, 21, 
23: all the folk of a Religious 
House except its head 

conuersacioon, IO5/3 : life, be- 
haviour 

Cooks, the Craft of, 95/S 

cope, a gift of, 42/6 ; 50/2 9 

cops, 6/29 : 1 Copes, or Brethren, 
Monks P 

corall beads (for prayers), 50/ 17 

Cordwainers* Company, the livery 
of, I6/20 

Cordwainers' livery, a gown and 
hood of, 17/8, 9 

corn of resonable price, 11 3/ 19 

corn to be sold for purposes of a 

Will. 67/29 

come growyng and yn bernes, 23/ 

19 
cors bordclo])es and sanapes, 56/ 
28 

Corwaner, 2 2/ 11 : cordwainer 

costages, 51/ 15 : costs, expenses 

Costers, 6/1 ; 19/2 ; 66/15 ; 133/ 
6; Costurs, 131/21 ; Costores, 65/ 
14 : side-hangings 

coste of putting a girl in a Con- 
vent, 118/ 1 3 

cosyonys, 9I/9 : cushions. See 
Quisshens. 

cote (a woman's), blake, furryd, 
91/9 

Counaeller and helper to Execu- 
tors, 71/20 

Counters, 2 Prisons in London, 
78/4 

countes, 122/3, 7 : counties 

Courts the King's : boys to be 
sent to, after leaving School, 122/ 
33 



Coven t, 47/2 T ; 48/i : the body 
of Friars in a Priory, less the 
Warden or Prior, their Head 

couercle, 45/8 : lid, top of a jug 

coverd cup of silver, llO/i, 2, 3, 
4.6 

coverd cup of silver gilt, IO9/17, 
22 

coverkell, 102/6, 7 : little cover 
or lid. See Couercle. 

couerled, 133/20 : coverlet of a 
bed 

coverlets, white and red, 101/ 
20-1 

couertour, 4/i8 : covering 

Craft of Skinners, brotherhood of, 
113/14, 16 

crane, on a piece of plate, 57/i 2 

credibill, adj\ 53/26 

crest on a tomb, 88/13 

crest of my armes, IO5/9 : 1 crest 
only, or coat, shield. ' Cresie : f. 
A crest, cop, combe ; also, a tuft, 
or little plume standing on the top 
of.' — Col ff rave, 

cristned ; 6 silver spoons given to 

a boy when, 57/ 13 
cristy gray, 50/2 1 : a tufted grey 

fur. See Creste^ 7 lines abuv, 

cross on a gilt candlestick, 82/io 

cross work on a table-cloth, 101/ 
21 

Crown of gold for Our Lady of 
Caversham, 117/8 

crucifix of siluer, and ygilt, IO2/3 

cruettis, 5/22 ; 76/4: small jnga 
or vessels that held the wine and 
the water before they were conse • 
crated for the Eucharist. See p. 135. 

cuisses, p. 54, note 1 : thigh- 
pieces of armour 

cunne, I5/3 : know, can perform 
(divine service) 

cup coverd with silver, 76/2 o 
cups, gift of, 101/26 



LIST OF WORDS AND SUBJECTS. 



177 



Curteynis of blew (for) a bede, 
4.6/29 

curtylage, 9 9/ 16, 19, 23: a court, 
yard, or paddock 

curtyns of sute, 5/34 : en suite 

cushions, quisshonus, 102/i. See 
qajsson, cosyonys. 

cutty d (gelded) hors, III/23 

dagger, bequest of a, 42/25 ; 7 6/ 14 

damask, a gowne of grene, III/27 

damask, red, a furd gown of, 
110/26 

damask sengiH', a blak clotti of, 
109/3 

damaske, grene, a gowne, lyned, 
110/20 

Dance of Death, p. 104, note 

daughters' portion to remain in 
Executor's hands, 2O/25 

de soules, 31/2 5 : the souls. Cp. 
dey, they. 

deacon, 1 32/17 

Deanery (of Middlesex and Bark- 
ing), 86/8 

debts owd, 42/6-1 8 : ' and, blessyd 
be God, y owe no thyng,' 2O/22 

debts proovd by oath, 39/7 

debts to be paid, I/9 (and very 
often) 

deces, III/7, death 

dede en dented, 62/8 : duplicate 
deed cut in two, with a jagd edge 

dede of grawnt, I26/7 : convey- 
ance 

dede store, 85/i2 : dead store, 
household goods 

dedtis, 22/3 : debts 

deduit, ^?>. 126/20: deducted 

deliberacion, 28/24 

delinerance, 62/26 : delivery, 
handing over 

delyd, pp. 113/i8 : distributed, 
given away 

E. E. WILLS. 



delyueraunce, 67/32 : handing- 
over, delivery 

delyuery, irf, 125/6 : (to) de- 
liver 

delyuery, they, III/27, deliver 

demened, IO5/13 : laid out, ex- 
pended 

demenyd, 11 4/23 : distributed 

departed, pp. 5/30 ; 6/17; 90/$ : 
divided 

departyd, II7/13 : (arms) im- 
paled 

depeynt, 5/25 : painted 

desposed, pp. lOO/i : disposed, 
applied 

destresse, clause of (enabling him 
to distrain for arrears of Annuity), 
68/30. See Distresse. 

deuaunt, towelles of, 19/8 :? those 
laid on the tablecloth, and under 
dishes 

devenj'^te, the Maister of, 11 8/2 2 

dever, 119/i7 : duty 

deuouacions, 8I/11 : devotions, 
burning tapers, &c. 

deuys; devys, 6/28 ; 94/2 : dis- 
cretion, judgment 

deuyse, 4/i i : bequeath 

dey, 39/8 : they. Cp. de, the. 

dimi-Selour, 36/9 : half-canopy of 
a bed 

Dirige by note, I5/12 

Dirige and Mass, bequest to Priests 
present at, 67/i i ; &c., &c. 

Dirige, gifts to priests, clerks, and 
poor, present at, 71/ii, 12 ; &c. 

discesse, «6. 123/2 2: death; vh. 
123/33: die 

disese, vb. 130/i2 : molest, dis- 
quiet 

dishes, 49/17 

dispendid, pp. 72/8 : expended, 
laid out 

N 



178 



LIST OF WORDS AND SUBJECTS. 



Disshes & Sawcers of scluer, 
32/26-7 

distresse, right of (or t a thing 
distraind), 20/19. /$<?« Dcstresse. 

distribued, 78/3, 8; 79/7, 18: 
distributed 

distribute, inf. 1 27/24 

distribute, pp. lOO/i ; I28/3 ; 
distributed 

diuine seruices, 12 7/31 

diuine seruise, 51/2 

diyng, sb. 114/io : dying, death 

do, pp. 6/27 : done 

do, 101/16 : apply, dispose of 

do excuciofi of this my present 
testament, 79/ 10 

do make, 6/28 : cauze to be made 

do of massys, 2/7 : put to, or 
spent in, Masses 

do ordeyne and bye, 32/5 • cauze 
to be got and bought. Bo make, 
32/12 ; do recommende, 32/ 14 

do singe, 3I/4 : cauze Masses, &c., 
to be sung 

Dobelet couered with Blak gote 
Letter, 37/5, 6. See Doubeled. 

doblet, 29/10 : doublet 

docere, 5/i : hanging for the back 
of a chair 

Doctours on Mathewe, 4 quayres 

of, 51/4 
Dome, 42/25 : Judgment-Day 
Dome, the Day of, 11 9/19 

don, pp. 19/31 : applied, spent, 
disposed of 

dosur, 46/20 : dorser, cloth over 
the back of a chair ; a kind of anti- 
macassar for ornament 

doth of, pL 8/31 : do to or in 

Doubeled (Doublet) of defence 
couered with red Le|?er, 37/3, 4 

double negativ, 133/io ; &c. 

doughter, my sone-is wyf, 5/5, 8 : 
daughter-in-law 



dower, wife to have, 122/5 

dowerye, 32/21 : dower 

down pillows, 36/ii, 12 

dredfull day of doom, 64/13 

dueez, I27/33 • ^^^ 

duetees, 88/1 7 : dues 

dutys, 94/16 : dues 

dyd, 40/10 : died 

dying, 46/31 : dying, death 

dymened, pp. 93/19 : done, ar- 
ranged 

dysposyng, sb. I3/17 : distributing 

card pan of brass, IOI/28 

easment, 78/22: advantage, bene- 
fit 

eche dales gowne, 50/i6 : every- 
day gown 

edefied, pp. 134/9 • ^^^ 

edifie, 8I/10 : build 

egally, 9O/5 : equally 

egg-rack of iron, IO2/5, 6 

either, a. 75/21 : reppective ; *her 
either,' of each of them 

Ma, 37/1 2 : ile (aisle) of a Church. 
See Eyle, and 111^. 

elle, 58/17 : else 

ellis, 38/27 : otherwise (got) 

emend ynge of weys, I9/17 : mend- 
ing of roads. See Highway. 

empeschement of waste, 25/23 : 
liability for damage done to an 
estate 

enbrawde (embroiderd) with why te 
fete, 19/3 

endenture, 45/5 • ^^ 

enditement, 7I/4 

enduryng, 78/25 : long, lasting 

enfeflfe P. D. on .vj. marce« of 
rente, 71 /28 {with, we should say) 

enfeffez, 6I/20 : folk enfeft with 
land 



LIST OF WORDS AND SUBJECTS. 



179 



enmortpse, 11 8/30 : convey in 
mortmain 

entendant, 6/18: attending 00 

entereraent, 23/2 2 : burial 

entierement, 132/io : interment, 

burial 
er ))ane I, 40/io, 1 1 : before that I 
erne, 57/27 : iron 

emest, a noble poied on, 59/i : as 
earnest of a bargain 

es, 39/22, 28, 30; 40/9, 10: is; 

39/34; 40/1 : are 
esement, 7O/24 : easement, relief 
estat, 7/6 : condition 

Esteren, 39/26, 28; 40/2, 3; 
63/30: Easter 

Estreri), 40/i8 : Easter 

ewre, 59/9 : destine 1 : 'if god 
ewre him to dje or me ' 

excludyd, j9/). 2O/21 ; 33/32 
executor, 92/i6 : executoires, 

97/11 
Executor sworn on the Holy 

Gospels, 72/17 
Executorice, 17/ 12 

Executors : charge to thera to deal 
truly, 66/6; 89/3-10; IO7/30-3; 
and often. See * Torewords,* p. xiv. 

executrice, 8/28 

executrice, chef, 98/i5, 16 ; 100/6 

executrice principall, 93/19; 95/ 
19,20 

exequies, 131/2; exequyes, 13^/ 

18 : funeral rites 
expenses and costes funeraH, 1 34/5 

exquies, IO9/9 : funeral rites 

extortion to be compensated, 

119/7 
Even of our Lady, 8I/20 

euene, 7/3 : equal 

euenliche, 5/30 : equally 

evenly, 134/2 : equally 



ewer, 49/i6 ; 76/19 : water-jug. 
See Basyn. 

ewyn (even) with the grounde, 

52/6 

eyie, 38/27 • ile, aisle of a church. 
See 111, 81/9 

eyren, 102/6 : eggs 

eyther, 97/ii : each, every one 

fader dettis, 52/i5 • father's debts 

faderles and moderles, 57/2, 3 

fascyon, II6/11 : make, style 

featherbed, 56/21 ; a little one 
for a child, IOI/18 

feble & foule weye, 31/i8, 19 

feffee-trustees to convey land to 
Executors, II8/8-12 

fefTees prayd to carry out Test- 
ator's Will, 20/i 5; 71/29; 122/1- 
4 ; and often 

feflfementes, 5 9/ 15 

feflFours, 71/2 7, 34: devisees of 
real estate who've been enfeoft by 
the Testator's feffees, in accordance 
with his Will 

fefyes, I9/36: feoffees 

ferme, ah. 52/i8 ; II5/25 : rent 

ferme, hold to, II5/21 : hold on 
lease, on rent 

fermor, 52/i6 : lessee. Fr. ' Fer- 
mier : m. A Farmer ; a Lessee ; 
also, a chiefe Hind, or Husband- 
man; a Baylife, or Ouerseer of 
another mans Husbandrie.* — Coi^ 
grave y 1611. 

ferroure, 76/26 : ironman, farrier 1 

fetherbed, 66/2 1 ; IOI/18 

ficheux (furred with), IIO/19 : 
polecats' skins 

firepan, gift of, 9I/19 

flat basin, 49/1 6, p. 1 39 ; peces, 56/5 

flat plaj'ne stone, (<&) my name 
ygraued I'ar-in; over T. Broke's 
tomb, 27/2, 3 

N 2 



180 



LIST OF WORDS AND SUBJECTS. 



fliupres of pecok, 102/i6 : pea- 
cock feathers P 

flot, sh, 22/7 : a brewer's float 

flourdeluces, IO2/7 

foill, .iij., 36/7 : trefoQ (a fret of, 
work! on a Coverlet) 

for als mykyl, 59/i5, 18: foias- 
mach 

for before-mete, and after, 56/24 

for to, 1/6 : prep. ' to ' 

forcet, 70/29; 102/17 : chest, coffer 

fordermore syn, 88/15 : further- 
more 

forderyng, adj, 38/i8: furthering, 
helpful 

foretyn, 2I/24 : forgotten 

form, gift of a, 9I/20 

forre, ah, IOI/15 : fur 

forsait, 88/30 : aforesaid 

forseen, 99/2 1 : provided 

forser (with loke and kye), 91/ 
20 : chest, casket 

forset, sh, 7O/29 : casket 
forsyght, havyng Grode in, 49/4 
forth, adv, 61/ 19 
forthenkyng, I29/11 : repentance 
fortune, t)6. 184/4 : happen 

foul ways between London and 
Ware ; gift to mend, 15 /36 ; else- 
where, 31fi8 

Foumart, Polecat, or Fitchet, p. 
34, note 

founde, be, 8 4 /i 7, 19 : be pro- 
vided for, have tier house kept up 

foynes, beech-martins; a gown 
furd with their skins, III/20 

Fraternite, my, 1 82/24 

f leestone, 69/5 

French, Will partly in, p. 8 

frendshipe, I8O/14: help from 
friends 

Frere, Kedus, Thomas, 7/31 



Freres, p. 1 6, note. See also Friars. 

Freres off Bedefford, 47/2 o 

, the iiij orderz off North- 

aumpton, 47/ 19 

Freres of London, thre bowses of, 
113/9 ; in Shrewsbury, 31/i i ; four 
Orders of, Sl/20 

, the twey Ordres of Freres 

in Ludlowe, 31/ 13 

Freres of "Wodehouse in Shrop- 
shire, 31/10 

Freres Augustyns withynne Bis- 
shopesgate of london, 7/25 ; IO6/9 

Freres carmes in Fletstret of 
london, 7/24; I6/21 ; White Friars, 
IO6/9. See Carmes. 

Frere Menoures, I7/4; IO6/9 : 
Friar Minors, Franciscans, or Grey 
Friars. See Grey Friars. 

Freres Menours of Bristowe, 7/29 

Freres Menours of Bryggenorth 
(Shropshire), 31/4 

Freres, Menours within Newegate 
of London, 7/22-3 

Freres Menours of Salesbury, 

7/28 

Freres Menours of Southampton, 

7/27 
Freres Menours of Wynchestre, 

7/26-7 ; of York, 52/5, 10 

Freres prechours of Bristowe, 7/29 

frere prechours of Gloucestre, 
109/10 

Freres prechours in London, 106/6 

, White (Carmelites), Grey 

(Franciscans), and Austins, IO6/9 

Freres prechours withynne Lud- 
gate of london, 7/23 ; 17/2 

Freres prechours of Salesbury, 
7/28 : Jacobins or Dominicans 

Freres prechours of Wynchestre, 
7/26 : Black Friars 

Friars, the Four Orders in Lon- 
don, 3I/20-1; 78/13. iS» Freres, 
and p. 16, note. 



LIST OF WORDS AND SUBJECTS. 



181 



Friars of Beverley, Yorkshire, 

12/22 

Friars, three Orders of, in Shrews- 
bury, 31/11 

Friars, Grey, and the other 3 
Orders, at York, 52/5, 'O* See Grey. 
frese, 37/i : frieze (green) 

frontel (of altar), 6/19 : drapery 
coverins: the front of an altar, on 
which a monos^ram or ornament is 
generally workt 

funeral to be inexpensiv, 49/i i 

funeral to be without pomp, 23/ 
22 

funeral. Lady A. "West's, to be 
* with right litel cost,* 8/22 

funeralx, adj, pL, expenses funer- 

alx, 115/3 
furd gowns, bequest of, 68/4 
fure, 53/29 : fur 
furre, sb. 11 4/14: fur 
f urre of Fycheux, 34/30 
furre and cloth gownes, 11 4/ 12 

funded with blak, a gowne, 110/ 

21 
furrereur, II8/3 : fur garments, 

lining and trimming 

furrurs, 54/6 : sets of furs 
fustyans, a peyre for a bed, 56/i8 

fycheux, furre of, 84/30 : pole- 
cats, fitchets 

fyn, 62/i8 : a *fine' at law, pro- 
ceeding for Testing an estate finally 
in a buyer, &c. 

fynde, 43/ 10 : provide for, main- 
tain 

fynde hir, 43/8 : provide for her- 
self 

fynde to gramer scole,. 133/i6: 
provide for (a boy) at a Grammar 
School 

g for k : thyngyth, 29/i9 : think- 
eth 



gallon brass pot, 98/ii, 12 

gamerye, 67/28 : game-house or 
-yard (?) 

gar sonde, 40/i6: cauze to be 
sent 

geldyng, pe grey 53/8 

genet, the, p. 36, note 7 

gertiers, a C, IO9/5 : 100 garters 

gesseran, a habirgoun of, 54/ 1 

glide pece with smale stones sett 
ther-on, 133/2 

gilt cups, coverd, 65/i 2 

gilt keuered goblet, 6 7/ 16 

girdle, silvern, 42/20 ; of black 
silk, 45/9 

glass before a tablet or picture, 

117/13 
gloves of white, and of black, 

mail, 19/6, 10 

goat leather, black, a Doublet 
coverd with, 37/6 

goblets, bequest of two, 65/i 5 

God Almighty and his mother, 

4/8 

godchildren, gifts to, 39/19 

god-doutghter, 50/8 

goddes, 34/18 : goods, property 

goddis-chUd, IOI/18 : godchild 

Goddys seruice, 3I/3 : service in 
honour of God 

gode, 3/14 : goods 

gode childrin, 8O/9 : godchildren 

godely, if it myght, 62/i8 ; if it 
can reasonably be done. Godely, 
62/20 : reasonably, conveniently 

gode men and wommen : prayer 
for children to be, 59/i2 

godly, ado, 49/ 10 : in due man- 
ner, decently 

godson and servant, 95/4 

gogement, 80/8 : Judgment (the 
Day oQ 



182 



LIST OF WORDS AND SUBJB0T8. 



gold chain, 76/2 z 

gold chain of 25 lbs, 117/8 

gold chain given to Mrs. Jn. Lem- 

man, 35/ 1 
gold ring with a Cracifix above, 

97/1 
gold ring with a stone, 96/i5 
golde ryngo, 40/2 o 
goldringe, a gode, 58/24 

Goldsmythes werk, a gowne of, 

109/4 
goud, sb. 38/27 : money 

gouemance, 12 2/ 11 : behaviour, 
rule of life 

gouemance, at, 13/2 8 : under 
control, rule 

gouemances, 1 27/34 : appliances 

gouernauns, 43/io : management, 
control 

gouernauns, 43/i : ordinance, 
testament 

gouerne, 78/27 : conduct 

goueme, 1 27/31 : apply, use 

gouemyd worshipfully, 12 7/ 16 : 
behave properly 

gown and hood, 101/is 

goun, blake, furred with funes 
(martin skins), 53/21. See Martin. 

gown, a blue, and a pair of red 
hose, 17/10 

gowns off cloth off gold and off 
sylke, 52/7 

gown furred with Besshe, 50/2 5 

gown furred with Cristy gray, 
50/20 ; p. 138, some tufted grey fur 

gown, a green, of the Cordwainers* 
livery, I6/20 

gown, gray russet, furred wit 
lonetis and wylde Catis, 36/ 16 

of grene frese, 37/i 

gown furred with gret menyvere, 
50/19 



goune, ru«set, lynyt with whyte 
blanket, 91/ 16, 17 

gown, a sanguine (blood-red), furd 
with martins' skins), III/4; a 
purple, 107/34 

gown, scarlet, furd with f<\ynea, 
beech- mart ins' skins, lOS/i ; III/20 

gowne of Scharlet wit brod sleues 
furred with gray, 36/14 

, blew worsted, furred with 

I'rotes and polles of Martrons 
(martins), 86/15 

gown, scarlet, with slit sleeves 
furd, 111/22; plain, 111/24 

goune, worstede, with pe iurre, 

34/27 

gowns, gift of, 29/15-17 

gowns given to poor Tenants, 94/i 

gramer scole, 133/i6 

graners, 22/7 • grain-vessel 1 

grase, 27/i7 : grass 

graunte, 86/14 : make 

graunteyn, 48/ 1 : agree, under- 
take 

grauntfaderles and grauntmoderles, 

57/3 
gre, 27/14 : pleasure, will 

green gown, I6/20 ; green frieze 

fown, 37/1 ; green hose, 42/3 » R* 
irtle, 91/10; g. silk net curtains, 
36/8 

Greffons, 117/3 : grifl&ns (sculp- 
turd) 

grene sylke bed, 133/i 

Grey Friars, IO6/9 : Friar Minors 
or Franciscans 

Grey Freres of Hereford, 109/i2 

Grey Friars at York, 52/5. See 
Freres Menours, and Friars. 

groche no^t with, 116/8 : do not 
object to 

growyng, I8/14 : growth, crop 



LIST OF WORDS AND SUBJECTS. 



183 



gniche thepwith, 11 8/17, 18: be 
discontented with it 

grypp, 46/7 • * g»iffin or vulture 
(on a silver band) 

grypys ey, 120/i6; 133/4, 5- a 
gripe's or vulture's egg (as a cup), 
gripe, yptpf/, gryps a griffin. *A 
gryphe hyghte Griphes, and is ac 
counted araonge volatiles, Deuter- 
onomi, xiiii. And there the Glose 
saythe, that the grype is foure 
fotedde, and lyke to the egle in heed 
and in wynges. And is lyke to the 
lyon in the other part of the body, 
and dwelleth in those hvlles that ben 
called Hyperborei, and ben mooste 
enemyes to horses and men, & 
greueth them moste, and layeth in 
Lis neste a stone that hyght Smar- 
agdus agaynste venemous beastes 
of the mountayne.' — ^Trevisa's Bar- 
tholcBtnouSy bk. zii, ch. xiz, leaf 
171, col. 2, ed. 1535 (in Percy Fol. 
Ballads^ iii. 555). 1 suppoze the 
egg was really an ostrich's. 

grys, 6/9 : grey fur 

gnde, 12/25 : goods, personal 
property 

gurdillof blake sylke y-linyde with 
rede lether, 45/9, 10, See Girdle, 
Pearles, Pendaunt. 

h after w: wlierk (work), 8I/9; 
whriten (written), 82/7 ; whith 
(with), 82/5 

habergeon, bequest of a, 76/13 

Habyryon, 12/i6 : habergeon, a 
coat of leather or mail 

haf, 58/26 : have 

haiers, 53/i3 : heirs 

hair cast backwards. Lady War- 
wick's, in her Statue, 11 6/ 10 

halfe large, IOI/3 : half the large 
size 

haliwater pot, 5/22 

hall, 47/15 : all 

Hall, officers of my said lord('8), 
110/13 



Halle, bequest of a, 6/1 : ? the 
fittings of one 

hallyng, 35/19 • liangings, &c. 
for the hall of a house 

Hallyng or Tapestry embroiderd 
with the Nine Worthies, 133/7 

Halpeney Loves for the Poor, 
40/13. See Hapeny. 

haluyndel, I/7 : half 

ham, 5/30; 92/15: them. See 
Hym. 

hame, 49/io : am 

hame, 27/15 • them. /See heme. 

ban, 3/3 : haue 

hapeny loaves, 1000 given to poor 
men, 113/11. /S?tf Halpeney. 

barneys, 76/io : armour 

barneys, 36/5 : beds, coverlets, 
cushions, furd gowns, &c., &c. 

hamesed, 76/14: with sheath, 
belt, and suspenders 

hastly, adv. 70/io : hastily, 
quickly 

have, 123 32 : possess 

(to) haue and to holde, 99/2o 

haue age of discrecioun, 5/31 : 
come to years of discretion 

hay and corn of fis 3here growyng, 
I8/11: this year's crop 

heale, sh, 8 7/20 : health 
hech, 47/20 : each 
heires of their bodies, 12 4/2 4 
heldest (son), 19/i : eldest 
hele, 101/2 : health, condition 

hele, vh, 3/8 ; 6/27 : to cover, 
protect 

helper, «6. 47/i6 

helth and saluacion of my sowle, 
93/1 

hely, vK 27/4 : cover 

helyng, I3I/21 : covering 

heme, 48/5, ^> ii> ^3 • them 



184 



LIST OF WORDS AND SUBJEOTfiL 



hende, sb. 4l/i : end 
hens, bequest of six, 91/21 
her, 75/21 ; I3O/17 : their 
here, sb, 80/ 1 1 : year 

herrings and bread for Essex poor, 
70/22 

hers, 24/15, i^> ^^f ^i» ^^' • 
heirs 

hert in fe myddyll of a dorsur, 
46/21 : a hart, stag ? 

heued (sheet, colord), 4/17 

heuery, 8O/9, 1 1 : every 

hewk, 37/3 : a robe 

hewne, 86/15 : heaven 

hey day of lugement, 2 9/20 : 
high day 

heyi' lome, 56/32 : heirloom 

high way, gift for repair of, 1 1/22 ; 
49/15; 80/12 ; 98/9; 99/i4. See 
Teble. 

hir, 53/15 : ^^^ 

his, 75/12 : its 

hit, 57/5 : hit that, the property 
which 

hoby, 53/15; 111/27- liobby, 
small Irish horse 

hold greynys, 1 8/14 : old com, of 
tbe last and former years 

holde houshold, 57/32 : keep up 
a house 

hole, 92/11: whole 

holelych, 28/i : wholly 

hoUe, 19/5 : whole 

holli, 95/16 : wholly 

holograph Will, written thru-out 
by the Testator, 63/ 1 

honest place, IIO/12 : decent, 
proper place 

honestly, 126/2 7 : honourably, 
decently 

hoods, gifts of, 97/4. See houd, 
hoyd. 



liool celure, 5/34 : a whole canopy 

hool estat of ray body, 4/5 : in 
sound condition 

hoTB,pl. 109/24: horses (A.S. Jiros 
was neuter, and its pi. didn't 
change) 

horse, best, as a burial fee, moi'tuar- 
ium^ 120/10. See Principal, p. 139. 

horse, bequest of, 87/i ; III/18, 
21, 23, 24, 27, 28 

horses, gift of, 23/24 > ^8/5, 8, 9 

hosen of grene, 42/3 

hospitales, fe pore, nere London, 
31/31; 32/1-3 

hosyn, rede, 17/ii 

houd, my blac, 4O/2.9 : hood 

hour, 47/14 : our 

hous, 6/29 ; 54/3 : convent 

hous of dwellyng, 96/14 : dwell- 
ing-house 

householders, poor, bequest of 
coles (charcoal) to, 101/ 16 

houshold, 52/11; 84/io : house- 
hold goods. See bowshold. 

howe, 39/26, 29, 31, 32, 33 : owe 

howght him eny goud, 39/7 • owd 
em any money 

howke of siluer, III/29 : hook 1 

hows, 6/29 ; 54/3 : house, monas- 
tery, nunnery 

howshold, 70/28; howsold, 131/ 
20: household goods and chattels 

howynge, 40/i : owing 

hoyd (hood) percyd with Ray, 
I6/20. See hood, houd. 

husbandery, 43/i5 : farming, 
management of a country place 

hustilmentis, 35/19 : chattels, 
household goods. See Ostelmentes, 
39/23 

hym, 43/15 : them 

icLe, 102/23 : each 



LIST OF WORDS AND SUBJECTS. 



185 



itt, sb, 8I/9 : aisle. See Eyle. 

Image, 11 6/9; 117/i2 : statue 

Image of wex, the grete, 11 8/1 

implementis, 132/10 : tools ) 

in: yn the contrarie, 122/22 : to 
the contrary 

in forma sewyng^ 93/14 : ^ ^^® 
form, words, following 

In, 9/2 ; 66/12 : dwelling-house 

In, the lordes, of Cherlton with- 
oute, Newgate, London, 9/2 

Incamacion of Cryst, 129/$ 

inde, eh, 43/ 13 : end 

infinitive * to * left out : * as they 
hope best pleyse god with,' 115/io 

instrumentis, 82/21 : trade-tools 

into, prep, 51/i6 : in 

into, 115/15, in, for 

into, 54/3 : unto 

Inuentare, 103/ii: inventory 

Inventory of Testator's goods 
exhibited, 72/14 ; II9/28 

investment of money, 58/20-1 

iparted, 6/6 : impaled 

isold 6c iyeuen, IO2/14 : sold and 
given 

issue in the taile, 125/io : chil- 
dren in tail 

ivory comb, gift of, 9 7/ 12 
ivyU wyll, I3O/17 : iU-will 

ientifl woman), a, IIO/18 

joiner, a, John Hewet, 82/3 

joint estate, 6O/1 ; j. feffees, 6O/9 

ioint feffed, 6I/22 : jointly feflPb 

joint feffement, I22/15 ; j. estate, 
122/17 

lonetis, 36/i6 : Genets' skins. — 
W. G. Stone. 

journey, Will made before going 
on, 65/3 



ioyned stoH (1 for a child, 1 for 
a man), 102/8, 9 

Kechyn, officers of the, 110/ 15 

kepid, 54/2 : lookt after, attended 
to 

kepes, 97/2 : looks after, sees to 

keppit, /?p. 123/26; keppid, 123/ 
28 : kept, retaind 

kepyng, I5/21 : attention to, 
looking after, a man 

ketil Hatte, a, 19/ii : a kind of 
helmet ? 

keuering, 80/ 1 2 : covering, roofing 

keuerlet, coverlet, 4/ 18 

kirkerevys, 131/ 12 : church reves 

klerk of the churche, lOl/ii 

knoppe, 102/2 : knob, top, handle 

knopped basyn, IOI/27 

koke of London, 94/ii (cp. 
Chaucer) 

kylderkyn of ale, 17/i6, 17 

kyn, next of my, 76/24 

kynges liuere, 40/2 1 

kyrk, 12/8, 9 : church 

kyrke, 63/15 : church 

kyrke work, I2/19 : works of a 
Church 

kyrteti, 97/i3 : a kirtle 

kyrtyll, a grene, 91/io 

laboryd, II8/18 : workt, managed 
Lady Chapel of Tewkesbury 

Priory, 117/7 
lamb('s wool), black, as a fur, 

131/8 
lambe, furred with, 97/i3 
Lambe, furryd with blak, 37/2 

land to be bought, bequest for, 
52/12 

lands : profits of, to go to Exe- 
cutors for 7 years, 122/3 1 



186 



LIST OF WORDS AND SUBJECTS. 



langyth, 19/2 : belongs 

laton, sh. 71 /S : a mixt metal like 
brass, uzed for brasses in churches 

laton, candelstykkys of, 46/19 

laton, ))re candelstykes of, 56/29 

latyn, iij candelstikes of, IOI/27 

layers, 46/15 : wash-hand basins 

lauour of peuter, 2/3 : pewter 
washing-basin 

Law, children going to, lose their 
benefit under a Will, 2O/20-2 

lawe, a wel lemed man of ]>e, 
64/26 

Lazare, howses of, IO6/16, p. 117, 
note 3 : leper hospitals. See lepers. 

led basyn, 2/3 : lead basin 

ledyn wy^tis, 46/28 : leaden 
weights 

leede, 27/4 • ^^^ coffin or wrap 
for a corpse 

leful : issue leful, heirs leful, 20/ 
6, 9 : lawful, legitimate 

legge hemeys, a pare of, 19/s : 
armour for the legs 

lengh, 36/II, 12; lenghe, 37/5, 
6 : the length of 

lenkethe, IOI/22, 23 : length 

lepers, 4 poor ones to be kept for 
10 years, 70/ 15. See Lazare. 

lessons, the ix, IO5/7 

lete off, 50/2 : excuse, allow to 
neglect 

lettyng, 95/ 17 : hindrance 

lettyng, 128/io : hindering 

leuacion at the hie masse, IOI/13 : 
lifting-up of the elements 

leue, vh, IOI/16 : live 

leve, 105/18 : remain 

leuet, 2/7 : remain 

leveth, 122/26 : remain 

leuyng, 94/17: remaining 

leuys, 4G/2 7 : scales of a balance 



leuyth, 19/15: remain undis- 
pozed of 

Hard botiller, 53/9 : a grey horse 

liard Manley, 53/7 : a grey horse 

lif, vb, pi, 58/17 : live 

liggeth, 4/1 1 : lyeth 

like, 43/14, 17 ' please 

loaves, pound, given to Prisoners, 
113/18. See Uapeny, and Love. 

loki, vb. inf. IO2/28 : look at, 
observe 

longes, 6 2/1 1 : belongs 

longjmg therto, 4/14 : belonging 
to 

longynge, 85/i2 : belonging 

lord, gen. IIO/17 : lord's 

lordeshipe, I3O/14: power, influ- 
ence 

lordschipe, 6/23 : the position of 
lord or landlord 

love, 40/14: loaf 

low feet to pieces of silver, 56/6 

lure, 97/4 : 1 hue or a stuff 

lyand, I9/17 : lying, situate 

lyenge, 116/8: lying, being buried 
in their Aobey 

lyke as, co7ij. 88/24 

\jmet, pp. 134/12: limited 

Lyn, 36/6 : linen 

(a) lyned gowne, 131/9 

Lynne bed, 37/4 • linen bed 

Lyonis of syluer, iij on a narow 
plat, 46/7 

lyoun Curteynes, 133/20 : 1 cur- 
tains with lions on, or made at 
Lyons 

lyst, 11 6/1 2: a specification of 
the details of Lady Warwick's 
statue 

lyvelode, 119/i : estate, rentall 
lyuelode, III/7, 8 : property 



( 



LIST OF WORDS AND SUBJECTS. 



187 



lyiielode, resonable, 5I/3 : reason- 
able pay 

lyiiere of dedys, 62/13 • landing- 
over of deeds 

made, 63/15 : cauzd to be made 

mak, 92/15 : give, bequeath 

malt, 57/29 

Malt to brew Ale for the Poor, 
40/J2 

Maltman and Citaysyn of London. 

14/14 
mannes state, IO2/9 : a man of 

age 

l^fantle and Ring taken by a 
Widow at her Vow of Chastity, 60/ 
8, 25 ; Notes, p. 135 

maple leaves and a fret of Trefoils 
workt on a coverlet, 36/7 

marble, stone of, for a tomb, 105/ 
10 

marble tomb, 88/13 

maried to hir worshipe and to hir 
estate, 122/i2 : suitably to her 
position 

mark and seal a testator's, Roger 

Elraesley's, IO2/29 
mark of R & S on pewter vessels, 

101/25 
marriage bequest for, 130/21 

marriage of girls, gift for, I3/33 ; 

19/12; 50/6; 76/11, 12 
marriage, gift of 100 marks for, 

65/13 
marriage of honest and poor 

maidens, 15/26 ; 23/i2; 79// 

marriage of sons, bequests for, 

127/17-19 
marterount, 50/ 1 6 : martins' fur 

Martin, or Martem, p. 36, note 6 

martirs (martins), a newe fure of, 
53/29 

martres, IH/S : martins' skins 
martrons, purple goune furred 



with, 107/34; scarlet ditto, IO8/1 ; 
blew worsted, 36/i5 ; blake, 53/21 

Mary Mawdelen to be sculptnrd, 
laying Lady Warwick* s hands 
across, II6/12 

maser of a vine rote, with peces 
of sy Inert made in )^e bo)'um like 
perles, 56/24-26 

maser coppe, IOI/26 : mazer cup, 
a large wooden cup 

mason, a, 58/33 

Mass-book, bequest of, 5/13 ; 76/3 

Massebooke and Chalys, 49/19 

masses, bequest for, 2/7 ; and 
often 

masses for all cristene soules, 6/ 
26 ; and often 

Masses, 4,400 to be said, 6/25 ; 
10,000 to be said, 23/i4 

Masses, a thousand thousand 
(1,000,000) to be said for a Test- 
ator, IO6/4 

mattrass, gift of, 91/6 

Matyns bookis, peyre, 5/3 

Maydenys of gode name and of 
gode fame ; ten marks for Marriage, 
15/26 ; 79/7. See Marriage 

Mayster and Couent of sent Bar- 
tholomew's spitell, 115/21 

me, 40/19 • ^y dead body 

me Soule, 31/2 5 : my soul 

Meat & Drink for Neighbours, 

15/29 
mede, 39/24 : benefit, well-doing 

medled, pp. 37/2 : mixt 

melley parted, 37/3 • ^^^ patch- 
work? 

Menchon, 6/8 : monken, monkess, 
nun, of Romeseye, Hants 

Menchons and prestes of the hows 
of Wilton, 7/21-2 

Menchouns and prestes of the 
hows of Romeseye, 7/19 

Menchouns of the Hows of 
Shaftebury, 7/13 



1S8 



LIST OF WORDS AND SUBJECTS. 



mende, sb. I4/14: mind 

mendyng, sb. 31/i8 

Menouresses, dwelling without 
Algate of London, bequest to, 7/8 

Menours, Freres, of London, 31/ 
21 : Franciscans or Grej Friars. 
See Freres. 

menyuer, 4/i8 : minever (fur of 
the ermine, mixt with that of the 
small weasel) 

menyvere, gret, 5O/19 

* Mercy and Grace ' to be cut on 
R. Bokeland's Tomb, 105/i i 

Mercy and loie,' W. Fitz-Harry's 
' word * or motto on his tomb, 88/15 

meritoire, 126/2 : adviseable 

meritory, 54/i2 : helpful, gainful 

merke, my, 46/23, 25 : my mark, 

badge . holding ^ropertf 

mese of londes, a, 126/8 immmmA 

Mesellis, 3/io : Lepers 

Messez, I2/5 : masses 

meuable Cateli of bestatt, 95/9, 10 

meuable godes, 76/9 : moveables 

meuablis, adj. pi. 8O/5 : moveable 

meuetb of, III/7 : comes from 

Millon (Milan work), one habir- 
goun of, 53/29 

Midsummer Eve, devotions on, 

31/12 

ministracion, 5I/14 : administra- 
tion 

mobles, godes, 32/22 ; moveable 
goods or chattels 

modefye, v. t 134/i2 : modify 

modere, v. t. 134/ii : moderate, 
adapt, alter 

Monasteryes of Cristchirch, of 
Caunterbury, and of seynt Awstyn, 
132/21 

Month's mind. See Mynde day. 

mooldes, 82/21 ; moulds for 
candles 



morter and pestle, 46/30 

mortuarium, 120/ 10 : burial-due 
or fee. See Principal, and p. 139 

most, 127/27 : must 

Mother, gift of 20s. to, 22/4 

moveable and unmoveable goods, 

92/15 ; 95/15 

Musterdevylers cloth, 97/3 • gray 
cloth made at Montiviliers in 
Normandy 

mylche kye, 67/33 • niilch cows 

Mylen, a habirgoun of, 63/22 : of 
Milan work 

mylyngis, IOI/22 : millings, jagd 
edges like those on some coins 

myn nece, 60/6 

mynd, to be kept yearly for 20 

years, IO5/14 
mynde, good, IOI/2, 3, sane, sound 

mind 
mynde day, 106/8; 109/2 3; p. 141 

mynde, day of, 82/ 16 : memorial 
service, a month or year after test- 
ator's death. See Obit. 

mynde, twelf monthes, 82/23-4 

mynde, year's, 82/13, 15, 16 

mynistracion, I28/5, 8 : adminis- 
tration, carrying out 

mysty det, 39/io : mighty, big, 

debt 
mythfuU, 47/i2 : full of might 

naapri, 78/24 : linen 

naked statue of Lady Warwick, 

116/9 
namelych, 27/22 : especially 

naperie, 32/22 

necbours, 69/3 • neighbours 

necessaries ... of all myn houshold, 

23/16 
nede men, 23/7 • needy men ; 

nedy folk, 23/9 
nedful, 1/14 • needy, poor 
nedful, 2/8 : necessary 



LIST OF WORDS AND SUBJECTS. 



189 



nedyest, adj. 130/4 

needy folk at an Obit, to have Id. 
each, 130/7 

needy men, good and faithful, 
gift to, 51/8 

negative, double, 1 22/15, ^^ 

negligent service to a Master; 
bequest as compensation for, by an 
old apprentice, 12/ 10, 11 

nerbande bolichyrcbe, 43/i9 : 
near a church 

nessessarie tbynge, 88/28 : thing 
that needs doing, wants repair 

Net cui'tains, green silk, 36/8 

next heires, 111/8 

Nine Worthies, a *hallyng* or 
tapestry of the, 133/7, 8 

noblis, iiij, 42/i 

nobles of gold, 87/2 

nold, 40/29 : old 

Nonne, who lookt after Sir K. 
Salwayn when sick, 54/2 

note, adv. 50/2 : not 

noujt, 86/1 : not 

noych^, II8/15 : brooch 

Nuns of Cheshunt, gifts to, 106/ 
18 

nyght, xiiij, 6/27 : fortnight 

obit day, 78/22. See Mynde day. 

obit for 3 years, 107/ii 

obit day to be kept for 7 years, 
132/18 

Obitys, that ys for to sayne, my 
^erys mynde, 15/8, 9. See Mynde. 

oblations forgotten, 2I/24. See 
Offerings. 

Obligacioun, 33/i4 : Bond to se- 
cure money 

obligacions, 44/i6: bonds for 
money 

of (on) thys condicyon, 22/6 



of : fulfiUid of, 59/2 : out of, at 
the cost of 

offerings (and tithes) forgotten, 
bequests for, 77/i4 ; 8^/8 ; 84/7 ; 
101/10 ; 113/6 ; and often 

on (side, other side), 6/1 : one 

oonly but, 122/22 : only, nothing 
but 

or, 1/8; 5/31; 59/9; 87/6, 7: 
before 

ore, 40/18 : before 

ordeine, 2/8 : appoint 

ordeny, I, 113/7 

ordeyn fro myn heir, 6I/15 : 
give away from my heir 

ordeynd, 41/2 : made, wrote (a 
Will) 

ordeyne, 5/3 1 : dispose of 

ordeyne, 31/i : provide, give, 
buy 

ordeyne, 92/i5 : appoint, give 

ordinauns, 2O/23 : disposition, 
gifts, devises and bequests 

orwis, 48/20 : otherwise 

OS, C071J. 39/24 : as 

OS, 19/34 : as, as much money as 

Ostelmentes, 39/23 • goods and 
chattels. See Hustilmentis, 35/19 

oter, 37/2 : otter skins 

ounsus, 45/7, 13 : ounces 

Our Lady, Brotherhood of, in th« 
Craft of Skinners, 113/ 16 ; 114/2 1 

Our Lady, Feast of Purification 
of, Feb. 2, 41/4 

Our Lady lyght, at Twickenham, 

85/5 

Oure Lady sawter (Psalter), said 
on beads, 58/28 

outake, 82/25 : except 

oute take, 2 8/20 : except 

out-tak, 5/14 : except 

outragely, adv. 131/2 

1 oueral, 6/23 : specially 



190 



LIST OF WORDS AND SUBJECTS. 



ouerguld, 45/13: gilt (spoons), 
58/27 (paternoster) ; &c. 

ouereleueth, 57/4 • survives 

ouerlyuyng, 5O/11, 13: surviving 

overplus, 42/2 1 

ouerse, 71/i4 : supervise, look to 

overseer of a testament, 88/2, <fec. 

ouerseying, 68/19 • ®" looking 
thru, or over 

oweht, 95/2, 6 : owes 

oyche, noyclie, 118/ 15 : drop, 
ornament 

painted sheet to hang before 2 

Altars, 96/9 
paled, 5/5 : striped, ornamented 

paled bed of wursted, white and 
rede, 56/15 

palid, 138/2 : striped 

pallette (scull-helmet) couerte 
with reede velwette, 1 9/9 

pan, old, gift of an, 91/8 

pankyns, 46/i6 : small pans 

Pantrie and Botrie, Larder and 
Kechjn, I8/11 

Pantrie, officers of the, 110/ 15 

panyPT, 11 7/9 : basket or casket] 

parche, I/15 ; 3/6 : pariah 

parehce, sb, 95/io ; parish 

paresshen, 118/6: parishioner 

parish clerk, gift to, 9 9/ 12 

Parish-Clerks, Brotherhood of St. 
Nicliolas founded in London by, 
114/26 

parisshen, IO6/1 : paiishioner 

parkere, 8/1 1 : park-keeper 

Parson of a Church, gift to, 76/8 ; 
and often 

Parsons drawing up Wills, p. 68, 
note 1 

party, do, 27/2 2 : cauze to be 
parted, divided 



party, in this, 11 5/14 : matter, 
business 

party e, in that, 125/2 : to that 
end 

Parys werk, 1 towell of, IOI/23 

passe rather, 88/31 ; 89/4 - di^ 
sooner 

passe to God, 87/6 : die 

patent to raize money in Lincoln- 
shire, 43/8 ; in Oxfordshire, 44/6, 7 

pater-noster over-gilt, 58/27 

pattens made and sold in S. Mar- 
garet Pattens Lane, p. 101, note 1 

paunce of stele, 19/6 : armour for 
the paunch 

paxbred, 5/22 : * A small tablet 
with a representation of the cruci- 
fixion upon it, presented in the 
Ceremonv of the Mass to be kissed 
by the faitliful/— HalL's Gloss. 

pearles, a girdell of, 50/5 

peautre, plate & ij disshes, & ij 

sauseres of, IOI/24 
peces and kuppes of sHuer, 78/24 

pecis of siluer, 65/i2 : pieces of 
silver plate 

peisible, 88/15 : peaceably 
pendaunt, 46/9 

, & a cheyne in, with a 

cnapp, 46/12 

pendaunt from a Girdle, with a 
St. Christopher in it, 45/io, 11 

pepett, poi-e; coles (charcoal) 
given to, IO2/14 

performyd, 46/i8 : *a dosen of 
peutrevessell performyd :* wrought, 
ornamented, or all told ? 

performynge, fi6. 107/21 

perles, peces of syluerelike, 56/25 

perosone, 88/1 : parson, rector 

pesid Bowe, 42/21 : a pieced bow 

Pestilence, great, p. 105, note 

pestle and morter, 46/30 



LIST OF WORDS AND SUBJECTS. 



191 



petit brase morter, 46/30 

peuder pottes, 78/24 : pewter 
pots 

peuter lanour, 2O/3 

peutre vesdeH, half a dosen of, 
76/19 

Pilgrim to be sent to Rome and 
Jerusalem, for the good of Test- 
ator's soul, 65/5 

pillows, 2 ; one * feire ybored,' 
101/20 

pilwes, 4/17 : pillows 

pipe of wyne, gift of, 13/ 15 

plache, 3/8 : place, spot 

planer, 22/7 : a brewer's vat? 

plat, 46/7 • fl** ^i* ^^ silver, with 
3 Lions on it 

plate, silver, I27/23, 29 

plate blacke, a pare of glovys of, 
19/10 

plate white, a pare glovis of, 19/ 
6: armourd 

plesaunce, 35/8 : pleasure 

Plouwys, 27/13 * ^*ys ^^ plough- 
ing done by Tenants for their 
Lord 

plowes, And all my hors ]7at longen 
to hem, 56/30 

point, vh, set, put 

polles, 36/15 : skins of the heads 
(of Martins) 

pomell, a sqware ; a flat coverd 
pece of plate with, 57/6 

pompe, whyche may not profyt 
myn soule, 23/22 

poor blind and lame, gift to, 27/ 
21. SeeBWnd. 

poor fed and clad at a funeral, 27/ 
7 ; &c. 

poor folk, gift to, II/9; 15/is; 
19/16 ; 32/17 ; 69/7 ; 99/i3 j 105/ 
18; 113/11 ; 124/9; &c., &c. 

poor folk, 1000 hapeny loaves for, 
113/1 1. ^^Malt Brew. 



poor kinsfolk, I3/24 

poor men and women to be carvd 
on Lady Warwick's Tomb, 117/4 

poor of Essex, bread and herrings 
for, 70/20 

poor to have the money foold 
away on vanities of Torches and at 
a burial, I3I/2-5 

Poor Tenants, bequest to, 5I/7 ; 
69/3 ; gift of gowns to, 94/2 

, bequest to, for their Ser- 
vices, 27/1 1 

-, let off their rent, 52/i8 



poor young women, gift for mar- 
riage of, 23/12. See Marriage. 

Porch-door, to be buried outside 
of the, 101/7 

Pore Cayftfe, a booke of Englyssh, 
50/18 ; p. 51, note 

porelych, adv. 4 9/ 11 : inexpen- 
sivly 

porter, a, 83/17 

portoos, 59/6 : portable breviary 

Portus, 76/3, a portable breviary, 
from 0. Fr. porie-kort, Lat. porii- 
forium, that which is carrid out 
of doors; *a Portus, /M>r^^2fn«w :' 
Catholicon, See Mr. Herrtage's 
long and interesting note, p. 287, 
and Canon Simmon's Lay Folk*8 
Man-Book, p. 364, there referd 
to. 

posnet of bras, IOI/28: a small 
pot 

posnet of a potell, 46/ 16 : a small 
pottle pot 

of a quarte, 46/i 7 

postnet, 17/9 : small pot 
pot and a panne, 76/i8 
potel pot of peuwter, 22/9 
potell pot of syluere, 56/7 

pottys & pannes & peauter vessell, 
35/19 

pounces, 57/i2 : 1 claws or feet to 
a piece of plate 



192 



LIST OF WORDS AND SUBJECTS. 



powderbox and salers of siluere, 

67/25 

prahyng, 47/12 : praying 

preliyng, 48/ 10 : praying 

Prechours, Freres, of London, p. 
17, note; 31/21 : Jacobins or 
Dominicans. See Freres. 

Prechours, white Freres, and grey 
Freres, 113/io 

preferryng, 1 27/25 : advancing, 
pushing forward in life 

prent in y myddylle of a bowl of 
seluer, 46/6 

prentys, Ion, my, 22/5 

prentyshode, 12/ 11 : apprentice- 
ship 

prest, 1/12 : priest 

prestes of the Hows of Shafte- 
bury, bequest to, 7/14 

preysyd, /?p. I3/20: valued 

priest, a son becoming, 64/i-i8 

priests and Clerks, gift to, 22/i 

Priests of a Church, gift to, 76/8 ; 
77/16; and often 

principal, 57/34 : best hoi-se that 
follows a man^s corpse at his funeral, 
and then belongs to the priest. 
Best beast (the Testator having no 
horse) in the name of ' principale,' 
47/19. &<?p. 139. 

principaly, 49/13: in the first 
place, before anything else 

Prioure and pe Couent of Freres, 

47/21 

prison, helpe nede men oute of, 

23/7 
prisoners and poor folk, gift to, 66/ 

3,4 
prisoners in London, gifts to, to 

pray for Testator's soul, 78/3, 6, 7 

in Ludegate & Newegate, 

IO6/1 1 ; &c. 

prisoners of Newgate, bequest to, 

3/9 



prisoners, to pray for souls, 3I/28- 

30 
profits of a Church, gift to, 77/i9 

Provyncyaft (of Friars), 88/6 : 
' provincise prsfectus apud religio- 
SOS.' — D^AmU. 

prowede, pp, 49/i2 : proved 

Prymour, gift of a, IO7/34 : first 
book of Religion 

Psalter coverd with black, 6O/20 

purchace, 6O/2 : purchases of 
land 

purchas, ah, 63/24: purchase, 
buying 

purse, a, and 20«., 42/27 

purses, gifts of, 42/4, 5 

pursew, 130/12: prosecute 

purtenaunce, I9/36 : appurten- 
ances 

quan, 43/i8 : when 

quftrcter, 105/17 : chorister 

quarriour, 59/4 : a quarrier 

quart pot of silver, 57/i8 

( V ) quarteres f coles, 1 1 / 1 4 : 
? quarter sacks of charcoal 

quarters of wete, 2 3/20 

quay res (quires, treatises) of Doc- 
tours on Mathewe, 51/4; P« 1^^ 

questes, sh, pL 35/5 • bequests, 
gifts by will 

quike & dede goodes & catelles, 
95/14: live and dead chattels 

quiitayns, 36/8, 9: curtains for 
abed 

qnisshens, 36/i2 ; quisshonus, 
102/1 ; quyssonus, 46/20 : cushions 

quyk catel, 57/29 : live stcck 

quyt, /?jp. 8/19 : paid 

qweche, 44/4 > qwiche, 44/6 ; 
quyche, 24/8 : which 

qwytaunce, sh, 7I/3 : geltii g 
free from, discharge 

u 



LIST OF WORDS AND SUBJECTS. 



193 



rack of iron to roast eggs on, 102/ 

5.6 
rakkes of yryne, 5G/27 

rakkes and brandernes of erne 
(iron), 57/27 

ray, I6/20 : striped cloth 

Reclus, Frere, Tliomas, 7/31 : a 
recluse 

Reclus of Shirboum, whos Sur- 
name is Arthour, 10/8, 9 

recommended: soule to be, in 
Goddys seruice, 3I/3 

recompensible, 133/io : answer- 
able, as a recompense for 

record, j?p. I6/1 : recorded, set 
down 

red cloth of gold, 49/ 18. See 
Rede. 

rede, 6/30 : read prayers 

rede (1 Rode, cross) lygUt, at 
Twickenham, 85/6 

Red-leather Doublet of defence, 
37/3. See Gown. 

rede bed of wursted, 66/16 ; reed 
bedde of worsteyd, 19/2 

rede Damaske furred with mar- 
trens, a gowne of, IIO/26 

reioyce, 111/6 ; reioys, 126/2 ; 
reioyse,. 99/16 : enjoy 

rekenyng, the laste, 97/7 : *^® 
Day of Judgment 

rekeuered of, 42/28 : recoverd 
from 

releuyng, 1 27/25 : providing for 

Religion! poor men of, bequest to, 

3/13 
Religiouse wommen, bequests to, 

P-7 
relyved of, 114/is : relievd with 

remaindre, 6I/24, 26 : devolve- 
ment of land 

remaynande, 130/3 • remainder 

remayne, v. t. 124/6 : revert, go, 
devolve 

E. E. WILLS. 



reniembraunce of me, 63/i4 : a 
token of remembrance 

remenauntys, 13/ 19, 23 : residue 

remenent, 87/9 : remainder, resi- 
due 

rement, 22/3 : remainder of the 
bequests 

remnaimd, I9/15 : remainder of 
the £100 

rengnyng, 11 9/21 : reigning 

reof, 36/i 2 : rough 

reparacion, 90/4, 7 • repairing 

Requiem, Masse of, 15/i2 ; 105/ 
15; 106/8,20, 22 

rerebrace, I9/5 : armour for the 
back of the arm 

reserued, pp, 23/20 : excepted, 
kept back out of a bequest 

residue, bequest of, IOO/3; and 
often 

residues, 134/io 

reson, 96/i6 : a motto 

resonable helth of body, 10 4/4 

resorte, inf. 1 28/15 

restitution to be made for any 
wrong done, 28/15 ; &c. 

rewlyng, sb. 1 5/8 : management 

reyn, 100/ 19 : reign 

Reynes, peyre schetes of, 4/i6 : a 
couple of sheets made in Rennes, 
France 

reysid, pp. 7I/29 : to be raizd 
out of 

Rodelofte (of Stoke), 90/8 : the 
Cross and part abuv the Altar of a 
church 

rode horses, 58/2 : riding horses ; 
cp. roadsters 

roller for a towell, 102/i8 

roses and flourdeluces on a cup- 
cover, 102/7 

ruby brooch, 1 1 8/1 5, 1 6. v. Baleys 

ru6set Candelstykes, 82/ 1 





194 



LIST OF WORDS AND SUBJECTS. 



russet, a Cloke of blake, 37/5 

russet gown furrd, 131/7 

russet gowns, gifts of, 91/i6, i8 ; 

110/21 

russet gowns at a burial, 10/19 

rupset kyrteU furred with lambe, 

97/13 
russet medley furred with blak, 
a gowne of, III/3 

russet vellewet, 11 8/5 

russett ylyned with white; poor 
folk's gowns at a Burial, 27/ 10 

Biding gowne with the hode, 133/ 

24 
right heires, 6O/15. See ryte. 

ring, gifts of, I2/12, 13 ; &c. 

King put on by a "WMow wh^n 
she takes a Vow of Chastity, 60/ 
8, 25 ; Notes, p. 135 

rydelles, 5/19: Fr. ^ rideaUy a 
curtaine, or cloth-skreene." — Cot- 
grave. 

** rynge with which y was ys- 
poused to god," 5/4. See p. 135. 

ryte heirs, 20/ 15 

sacrynge bell, 6/24: bell rung 
before the Consecration of the 
Host, and at other times during 
Mass 

salarie be jere, 31/i8 

salarie, 5 nobles for his, 127/i 

sale, sb, I9/32 

saleri, 80/ 11 : salary 

salt saler of peautre, IO2/2 : salt- 
cellar 

Salve, a service of our Lady, 1 1 4/2 

Salve (Maria) ; the service, 8I/20. 
See Notes, p. 141. 

sam, 46/27 : same 

sanapes, 66/23 ; IOI/24 : hand- 
napkins 

sanguyn gowne to be sold, and 
do for mv boule, 94/3 



sangwen) gowne furred with mar- 
tres, 111/4 

* Bans departir ', a motto on a ring, 
96/i6 

saule, soule, 88/27 ) 49/i'6 : soul 

sauseres of peautre, IOI/25 : pewter 
sawcers 

Sauter (Psalter) helid with blake, 
50/20 

sawcers, 49/17. See Silver. 

say : that is to seye, 4/15: namely 

scarlet gowne furred with foynes, 
111/20. See Gown. 

with slytslyues, 111/22 

scarlet goune furred with mar- 
trouns, 107/35 

schapell, 80/ 13 : chapel 

schel, 40/19, 20, &c : shall 

Scheie, 88/20, 22 : shall 

schetys, 8/9 : sheets. See Sheets. 

scho, 95/16 : she 

scochons, 4/13 : scutcheons 

scoles, sonnes [to] be susteyned 
and kepte to, 1 22/33 

seal to Will, 35/i2 ; 66/15; 79/ 
27 ; 95/22 ; 108/3 ; 115/i6 ; &c. 

seal of Arms to Will, 11 9/2 2 

secoutors, 102/i5 ; seccutur, 80/6 ; 
secutour, 2/9 : executor 

secundaries, adj. pi. 82/2 : second- 
rate 

secundary of the chircK, 105/i6 

secunde best furre and gowne, 
114/14 

sekenysse, 11 8/20: sickness, ill- 
ness 

seketoures, IO2/21 ; seketowrs, 
38/ 1 6 : executors. See p. xiv, 
note 1. 

Seler (Cellar), officers of, 11 0/15 
selour, 76/i6 : canopy 
seluer, old? werKe of 46/8 



LIST OP WORDS AND SUBJECTS. 



195 



seluere vessel!, 56/4 : silver plate 
seme, 79/2 1 : think, judge 

seme, they, III/26: they judge, 

think 
seme hem, 128/21 : appear to 

them 
sen, 53/24 : since 

sendel, 4/i8 : (cendal) a species 
of rich thin silken stuff 

sepulcure, 35/5 * f^ii^G^l ^^^ tomh 

serpe, 110/6 : serpent? 

serteyn, a, 3/io : a certain sum, an 
allowance. See p. 135. 

servants' beds, two, 56/21 

servants to be rewarded, 53/23 

servants, gift to, I3/34 

servants to be rewarded by Exe- 
cutors, 71/26 ; 119/10 

servants to have their Master's 
body-clothes, 58/7, 8 

sesse, 39/3 : decease, death 

Setrysday, 28/io : Saturday 

seuerally, 124/is : respectively 

sex, 4/17 : six 

sharpe, 117/6: a baldrick or 
girdle P 

sheo, 74/9 : she 

sheet, a, gift of, 91/7, 10 

sheets, gift of, 3/9 ; 32/27 ; 76/ 
16; 101/19; &c., &c. 

sheets, 2 pair to a bed, 56/19 

shulleth, pi. 10/9 : shall 

sich, 54/12 : such 

sickness, attendant during, re- 
warded, II8/20 

signet, 83/i8 : seal. Fr. ^Signet: 
m. a signet, seale, stampe, marke.' 
— Cotgrave^ 1611. 

Signs of Shops or Inns : 
Cock in Grub-street, Cripplegate, 

75/11 
Cock and Garland in Colman strete, 
74/2 ; p. 140 



Cow-head in Chepe, 75/i7 ; p. 140 
Mermaid in Bread St., Cheapside, 

78/19; p. 141 
the Sword in Fleet St., 65/7 

silk, green, net bed-curtains, 36/8 

silk, black, green and red, a Girdle 
of, 46/11 

siUers, 33/28 : sellers (of land) 

silour, 36/6 : canopy of a bed 

Siluer bereof, I9/29 : sale-money 
of it (land) 

siluer, 20/2 3 : money for land 
sold 

silver, a cloth of, IO9/3 

silver, twelve pence of, 48/7 

silver cups, bequest of, 5O/31, 32 ; 
65/14; 111/10 

cup coverd, with a cover, 

lll/i, 2 

cup plain, with pe scripture 



of seynt Ion, 5O/33 

silver cups * stondyng on low fete,' 
133/8 

silver dishes, 34/24 \ ^^^ sawcers, 
32/27 

Girdle, 34/24; 43/2o; 58/ 

11, 12 

silver gilt spice dish, 46/ 1 

saler, 56/8 : big salt-cellar ] 

silver goblets, 56/7 

old work of, 46/8 

silver Pots, 133/4 

silver spoons, 42/19; 56/8; 57/ 
8, 10, 12, 14; &c. 

silver spoons, a dozen of, 34/21 ; 
56/8 ; six of, 87/2 

silver tester, 46/24 : for assaying 
food 

vessel], f 6/4 : plate 

singing for souls, 88/3 ; &c. 

sink foil merkid on saucers of 
siluere, 56/9 

2 



196 



LIST OP WORDS AND SUBJECTS. 



Skinners* Craft, gown of the 

Livery of, 11 4?/ '3 
skonce, IO2/20 : a framed light 

to hang against a wall. ' A sconse. 

Jjucernula.' 1608. Clerk's WithaU 

Dictionaries p. 182, col. 1. 

slit sleeves, scarlet gown with, 
furd, 111/22 

Smaragdus, a stone laid by the 
Gripe, p. 183, * Grypysey *. 

sold to, 69/27 : sold at (a high 
price) 

Solempne Seruise, — Belle Ryng- 
yngtf, Dervge be note, and Masse of 
Kequiem be note, 15/ 12 

solempny, adv. 1 82/19 

sool, 60/ 10 : single, nnmarrid 

sordehors, 53/14; 54/17: Isorrel- 
colourd 

sorede horse, a, 53/9 : a sorrel 
, horse ? 

Soul, gifts for Testator's, 42/ii, 
21; 66/4; 67/14-16; 70/30; 87/8; 
90/12; 91/14; 97/q; lOO/i; and 
in nearly every Will 

soul : money from land sold, to 
go to, 33/26 ; 34/6 

soul to be prayd-for for 20 years, 
105/4 

soule hele, IO2/12 : health, salva- 
tion, of soul 

souls to be sung for, 79/i3 ; &c. 

specefied, 112/i 

spedefuU, 128/i : helpful 

spendyth, yspendyth, jpp, 15/2 9, 

36 : spent, laid out 
spon, a Sylure, 42/19: a silver 

spoon. See Silver, 
spones, a doseyn (eilver), 56/8 

sprengls, 5/22 : sprinklers, brushes 
for sprinkling holy water 

spytes, 56/27 : spits 

square pomell (in a piece of plate), 

57/6 
stable, seruantes of, 110/ 17 



staf with an handeU, 102/ 17 

standing piece of plate, 57/i7 

stappe, vh. 27 ji : step, tread 

state, 11.5/19, 23, estate, or 
interest 

Statue, naked ; the Countess of 
Warwick's directions for her, II6/9 

Steeple of Marcle Church, Here- 
fordshire, to be made, 23/6 

Steeple, gift for making a, 1 82/13 

stepil of Okeham church, 58/31 

sterlinges, 84/25, 27 ; xl. li of, 
32/22; 70£ of, 31/17 

sterlinges, markes, 95/s 

stodys, 46/9 : studs (of silver gilt) 

stodys, 46/13 • studs 

stondyng cuppe gilde, 1 88/14; 
139/1 1 

pece of syluer couered, 188/ 

18 

stondyng with me yn maner of 
aprentys, 114/ 10 

stondynge cuppe gilt, shapp of a 
columbyn, IO6/24 

stone of Marble, for a Tomb, 105/ 
10 

stonys, precious, 11 7/ 11 

stony s (precious) and perles, 1 1 8/6 

store and catell quykk and ded, 

18/9 

strecche, 1 84/13 • extend 

strenketh, 12 2/30: strength 

stuff, 111/4: household goods, 
clothing, &c. 

stufies mevable, 1 26/26 

stuys, 2/1 1, 12: tanks to hold 
water 

subdeacon, 18 2/ 17 

substanciall dedes, 62/i6 : ori- 
ginal deeds, conveyances of land 

suffre my wyf wone fer-inne, 
6I/27 



UST OF WORDS AND SUBJECTS. 



197 



suites, 56/8 : patterns, sets 

supportyng, 115/25 : bearing, pay- 
ing (the rent and charges of a 
leasehold) 

surveiors of my testament, 54/13 

suruewe, 90/ 14 : (survey) over- 
looking, control 

Surveyors of a will, 1 27/24, 35 

Surveyours of his testament, 
122/14; &o. 

sussessiffly, adv, 114/7 • succes- 
sively 

sustentacion, 79/is 

sute, in, I3/9 : in succession 

suyng, a. 65/ 1 1 : following 

swerd harnesedf, bequest of a, 
76/14, 21 

swerd, my schort, 12/ 16 

Sword, the : sign of an Inn (?) 
in Fleet St., 65/; 

sworn to leave £20 to a girl, 
88/27 

sygne manuall, 89 /ii ; syne 
manuell, 83/i8: sign manual, sig- 
nature 

sy lucre saler, 56/8 
sylver spones, vj, 87/2 
sylvyni) Gyrdyll, 42/2 

tabel, a litil, peynted trestelwise, 
102/7, 8 

tabelet, 1 1 7/i 2 : paiuting ? 

tabernacle of syluer, 11 7/ 15 

tablets, jeweld, of St. Katherine 
and St. George, 11 7/ 10 

taile, 124/23 : entail 

Tailors, Craft of ; the Brotherhood 
of St. John of the, 114/28 

Talvchaundeler, 102/2 7 : tallow- 
chandler 

tamsery(l) werke, 46/2 o; p. 138 

tapecery, a blewe bedde of, 76/is 

tapers and torches burning at a 
funeral, 92/i2 



tapers at head and foot of corpse 
at barial, 8/23-4 

tapers to be burnt in Chapels, 81/ 
12-21 

tapers, two, on the Altar of our 
Lady, 114/3, 4 

tapicers werk (bed of), 4/i2 : 
tapestry 

tapistree, bed of, 56/i i 

tapites, 4/12 : tapestry, hanging 
cloths or carpets 

tartyn, 133/2 : ? tarteryn, a kind 
of silk 

tastour of seluer, 46/24 * ^ silver 
tester. Fr. * Taster, To tast ; or 
take an essay of.' — Cotgrave. 

tawne, 5/34 : tawny 
te, 87/3 • *o 

templys, 116/6 : jewels hanging 
from women's foreheads 

tenants in Suffolk, bequest to, 69/9 

tenants, poor, gift to, 7I/13. See 
Poor Tenants. 

terment, II/9; IOI/12 : inter- 
ment, burial 

terment, 27/6 : ceremony, fuss, at 
a burial 

termined, pp, 25/22 : ended 
termyn, 53/ii : for the term 

testament concemyng my last 
wjll, 92/5 

testament conteynyng my laste 
wjfll, 99/5 

testament of my last wyll, 94/ 12 

tea tour of a bed, 1 33/i 

fat, 64/21; that, 118/7 : that 
which, what 

thewhiche, 82/14, 15 : which 

Jjeim, 6O/32 : them. 

fer, conj, 23/8 ; where 

fere, 2/8 : where, in cases where 

ferto, 38/20 : also, moreover 

ther-wyth, 6/2 



198 



LIST OF WORDS AXD SUBJECTS. 



thet, rd. prott, 102/ 14 : that, 
which 

ihety conj. 94/19: IO2/24: that 

thet, 94/20: that (= that the 
debts be paid) 

ftheym, 11 4/19: them 

thilke, 6/18 : those 

}iB es, 39/34 : these are 

tho, 21/21, 22 ; 22/8, 9 ; 78/15 : 
to 

thridde, 6/3 : third 

til, 62/13 : to 

tithes forgotten, gift for, 77/i5; 
84/7. See Offerings. 

to, 56/27 : two 
to tyme, 82/7 : till 
toe, 96/5 • *^<> 
tofor, 38/20 : before 

tomb : bequest for tomb of Sir T. 
and Lady Alice West, 8/4, 5 

Tomb, directions for making one 
(in 1426) like Sir Thos. Mere's, the 
Dean of St. Paul's, 71/6- 10 

Tomb, Lady Warwick's, 11 7/4 

tomb, plain, directions for, 27/2 

tombstone, marble, for Sir Eoger 
Salwajn, 52/6 

ton, 101/22 : one 

tone . . and . . tother, 117/io : one 
and other 

too, 2/6; 56/21, 22 : two 

to-partyd, 1/8 : divided 

torch at the levacion at the hie 
masse, 10] /i 2, 13 

torches and tapers burning at a 

funeral, 9 6/ 12 
Torches and Tapers, only 3 each, 

at a Burial, 27/5 

Torches at a funeral, 130/i 

torches of wax for the Altar of 
Westminster Abbey, II/4 

torches to be burnt at funeral 
service, 82/17 



torge, toighe, 130/i, 2, 3 : torch 

towailes longynge to the auter 
5/16 : altar cloths 

towayl of werk, 37/7 : embroiderd 
towel 

towel-roller, 102/i8 

toweH of Parys werk, 101 /23 

towels, washing, for before meals 
and after, 66/23 

tre (tablet of), 6/25 : wood 
Trefoil, fret of, workt on a Cover- 
let, 36/7 

Trentale of Masses, 40/io; 88/ 
10, 1 1 ; 113/8 

Trentalez off messez, 20 to be 
said, 48/1 

trentaH, a messe of ])e, IO5/7 

trestelwise, a lytil tabel, peynted, 
102/7, 8 

Trinite . . his endles mercye . . 
he sende, 59/i i 

trist, tristy, 48/io, 21 : trust, 
trusty 

Troy weight, lll/io 

trussmg cofer, 5/19; 56/14; 65/ 
-4 : packing chest 

twey, 31/13, 14 : *^o 

tweyne my best hors, 23/23 : my 
two best horses 

tymbur, II7/13 : wood-carving 1 

unbenefist priests, gift to, 48/14 

unstopped cushions (or colour)), 
102/2: Punstuft 

unto tyme, 123/2 7 : until 

vp, 33/11, 14 ; 6O/10 : on, upon 

vpon, of : executouris vpon) this 
testament, 87/io, 1 1 

ure, destine (?), p. 59, note 1 

vtensyl, I8/10 : household uten- 
sils 

vtensilmentes, 78/25 : (kitchen) 
utensils 



LIST OF WORDS AND SUBJECTS. 



199 



valour, sK 134/4 : value 

vambrace and rerebrace, I9/4 : 

armour-plates for the front and 

back of the arm 
vanites of Candilstikkes, torches, 

and suche other (at a burial), 131/ 

2,3 
vanturs, 88/14: pieces of front 

armour P 

Vekery, 12/i8 : vicar 

vellewet, 118/s : velvet (russet) 

ventaile, I9/4 : projection over a 
slit in a helmet to let out air 

vergyous, 9I/19 : verjuice 

vessefi, II8/7 : plate 

vessell, seluer, 62/io : silver plate 

vestement of blak for prest, &c., 

132/17 
Vestments, Chapel, cloth to make, 

109/4 
vestments, gift of, to a Church, 

6/28 ; 76/4. See Westment. 
vestment to Auter in fe kyrke, 

63/15 
vestments, a pair of black, 6O/28 

Vestments for Priests to sing for 
Testator*8 soul, 32/$, 9 

vestymentz of my chapell, 5/i6 

Vicar of church of Newenton 
Valance, 8/14 

vicary, 28/7 : vicar 

vice, 95/12 : voice 

Vigil of St. Matthew (Sept 20), 

p. 3 
voile, adj\ 28/2 : full 
voursone, 74/23, 24; advowson 
voute of Okeham stepil, 68/31 

Vow of Chastity, a Widow's, with 

Mantle and Ring, p. 135 
voyded, pp, 33/32 : turnd out 
vyle, 91/20 : file (gift of one) 

w fur y, 86/13, ^S 



ward, the right of marrying one, 
63/5-12 

Wardeyn and Je Couente of 
Freres, 47/21 

Wardeyns, 114/7, 22 : wardens 
(of Seynt Austyns chirch) 

ware, 8/20 : where 

warkis, sb. pi. 2I/25 : works, 
building 

wasshyngtowels for before mete 
and after, 66/23 

waxchaundeler of London, 34/ 
29 ; lOl/i 

wax torches, gift of, to churches, 

&c., 11/4, 7, 13, 17 
way, 40/17 • journeying, pilgrim- 

ways bad, gift to mend, 31/i8. See 
Highway 

weche, 2/2 : which 

weddynggown, 11 8/ 2 

weddys, IO7/20 : pledges 

wepen, 58/ 12 : weapons 

werk, of, 56/23 : workt, orna- 
mented 

werk of cherch, gift to, IIO/23 ; 
and often 

werkmansshipe, 58/33 • doing cer- 
tain work 

weryng, sb. 7I/23 : wearing, 
having on one*s back 

westment of rede cloth of gold, 
46/ 1 8 

wete, 23/20 : wheat 

wetyn, 3/7 : know 

wex, a C tb, 114/i : 100 lbs. of 
wax 

weyth, 117/9: weighs 

what thenge, 50/2 9 : whatever 
thing 

wheche, 27/4 • ' hutch, chest, 
coffin. — W. G. Stone. 

where-as, 4/io : where 



200 



LIST OF WORDS AND SUBJECTS. 



wherk, ah. 8I/9 : work, building 

whit, 66/6 ; 6O/1 1 : with 

whit-all, 62/12 : withal 

white, 13 poor men to be clothed 
in, and hold a torch, at a burial, 
129/15 

whith, 66/30 : with 

whysteH, ah, 40/22 : whistle 

whyt, 34/2 : with 

whyte cloth, 47/i : undyed cloth 

Widow : ceremony at her Vow of 
Chastity, p. 135 

wife, appeal to, to see Will duly 
carried out, 41/ 1-3 

wife, gift of all goods to, 83/13-15 

wife, * my most tristy frende,' 48/ 
21 

Will, an old, to be referd to, to 
help the meaning of a new oue, 
128/13 

Wills in the 3rd Person : * he 
wille,' &c., p. 43, p. 121 

wit, 12/6, 7, 9, &c.; 64/10: will, 
bequeath 

witholde, /?2?. 71/i6: rataind 

wittes, sh, pi, 87/20 : wits, senses 

wiues, 82/22 : wife's 

wodeknyf harnesed, bequest of a, 

76/14 
wood and coal, bequest of, 91/ii 

word, 88/15 : motto, * mercy and 
ioie' 

Works of a Church, gift to, 77/ 
19; 99/11 ; and often 

works of St. Paul's, London, be- 
quest to, 2/6 

worship and honour dilEerenst, 

p. 104, note 
worsted, a red bed of, 19/2 
worsted Curtains to a bed, 36/9 
woshup, 102/12 : worship 



wurstede, bed of grene, 133/6 - 

wyjtis, ah. pi. 46/28: weights 
(leaden) for scales 

wylk, 67/35 • which 

wyt, 22/10 : with 

wyt, 12/6, 7, 9, &C. ; 64/io : give, 
bequeath 

wytele, 48/7 • blanket 

; for J) : jou3e, 27/13 : though 

Year's Mind or Obit, I5/9. See 
Mynde, and Obit, and p. 141. 

ybored, IOI/20 : 1 coverd with 
pierst lace-like work 

yefen, 87/8 : given 

3eifi, 23/12 : given 

Jele, my grete maser, 66/31 

3eres of discrecion, 68/17 

yerth, 86/16 : earth 

yete, 27/i6 : eaten? 

3hely, 20/8, 17 : yearly 

3here, 2O/28, 31 : years 

yi-do, 3/i2 : done, (alms) given 
away 

^iifPp, 64/3: given 

ykeueryd, 46/7 • ^^^ * ^^^ ^ ^^ 

ynemned, pp. 27/2o : named, 
specified 

yomen of my lordys chambre, 
110/14 

30U3e, 27/13 • though 

yove, ^j9. 113/12 : given 

yowre, 8O/2 : our 

ypouthered, 4/12 : powderd, 
sprinkled, ornamented 

ypoynet, 6/i : pierst, open-work 

yspendyth, pp. I6/36 ; spent, laid 
out 

zieren (and woUe), 46/30 : shear- 
ing P 



Btingay : Cloff and Tafflor, the Chaucer PreM. 



^ 



H^