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At the age of nineteen years, I landod on the bankn or the 
Upper Mississippi, pitching my t«nt at Prairie da Chien, then 
( 1S3(») a military post known a& Fort Crawford. I kept memo- 
randa of my varions changes, and of many of the events 
rranspiring. Sabsequently^ not, however, with any intention 
of pulilishing them in book form until 1S76, when, rctlcuting 
that fifty years spent amidf^t the early and first white settlements, 
and continuing till the period of civilization and prosperity, 
it4.^mized by an observer and participant in the stirring 8Lt_>ues 
and incidents depicted, might furnish material for an inti'rest- 
injT volnwe, valuable to those who slionld come after me, I con- 
cluded to gather up the items aud comi^ile them in a convenient 

As a m:itt4»r of interest to personal friends, and as alao tending 
to throw additional light upon my relation to the events here 
narratedT I have prefixed an account of my own early life for 
th>- ninet<?en years precptliiig n»y removal to the West, thus 
giving to the work a somewliat autobiographiwal form. It may 
be claimed that a work thus written in the form of a life history 
of a single individual, with observatious from his own persomit 
aiaud|>oiot, will be more cuuuccted, clear and systematic in it« 
narration of events than if it were written imptifsonally. 

Tht^ period included in these sketehes is one of remarkable 
trnnsitioas. and, reaching baekward, in the liberty accorded to 
thf historian, to the time of the first explorations by the JesnitA, 
the Hrst English, French and Amcri(!Un traders, is a period of 
transformation and progress that has beeu paralleled only on the 
i)bon>s of the New VTorld. We have the trausiliou from barba- 
rism to civilization; we have the subjugation of the wilderness 
by the first settlers; the orgiinizalion of territorial and state 

governments; an era of progress from the rnde habits of the 
pioneer and trapper, to the caltare and refinement of oirilized 
states; from the wilderness, yet unmapped, and travei'sed only by 
the hardy pioneer in birch barks or dog sledges, to the caltivated 
fields, cobwebbed by railways and streams furrowed by steamers. 
It is something to have witnessed a part, even, of this wonderful 
transformation, and it is a privilege aud a pleasure to record, 
even in part, its history. 

I have quoted from the most correct histories within my reach, 
but the greater part of my work, or of that pertaining to the fifty 
years just passed, has been written from personal observation 
and from information obtained directly by interview with, or 
by written communications from, persons identified in some way 
with the histoiy of the country. To those peraons who have 
BO freely and generously assisted me in the collection of ma- 
terial for this work, I hereby express my thanks. I have relied 
sparingly on traditions, and, where I have used them, have 
referred to them as such. 


AVhi le genealogical tables are of interest cltiefly to tbc families 
aud iuilividuals whoee uiiiues ure tliei'ein preeerr (mI, I Rtill deem 
it iiotaniias to iusei'tbere a brief account of my ancestry. Among 
tUef^niigraiilA from England to the NewWorldinlGSfi, came John 
Konlnham, tlien twenty-three or twenty-four years of age, and 
his wife, to whom he had been married about a year and a half. 
They came from Uingham, Eugland, to Uiugham, Mass., with 
a colony that probably nam(;d the settlement in loving remem- 
brance of the town they had left. Thej' came on account of cer- 
tain ecclesiastical troubles; their rector, with whom they sympa- 
thized, having torn down the altar rails and leveled the altar, an 
act of irreverence that called dowu upon them the wrath of their 
superior. Bishop Wren, aud resulted in rector and people sell- 
iog onl their real tistate at half it« value and emigrating to 
America. John rectt'ived a grant of land consiHting of four acres 
and built himself a house, the frame being constructed of sawed 
oak timber. This house, bniltiu 1640. stood until 3875, two hun- 
dred and thirty-five years, when it was taken down and manufac- 
tnred into oanee and chairs, which were distributed aa relics to 
th« American descendants of the family. The family, however, 
had increased so greatly that the supply was not equal to the 

The wife of John Fitulsham wh.h Mary Oilman. From this 
couple the American Fol«(viw and their allies from marriages 
>rith the female descendants of the family have sprung. The 
ancestors of John Foulsham may be ti-accd backward a period 
of near six hundred years, aud many of the family have honor- 
able mention in EngliNh history. The earliest meuiiou is con- 
oeruing John FoulKham of Foulsham, prior of a Oarmelito 
muuast^^ry in Norwich, and " provincialis" of all Eng- 



laud. This Fonlsham is spotcen of in Bayle^s catalogue oT emi- 
neot worthies as "'no mean proficient in controversial theology, 
knowing how, by means of syllogystic tricks, to turn white into 
black nod men into donkeys. He died in the great plague nt 
Norwich in 134S. 

A certain John dc Fonlsham is spoken of iu Blomefie.ld's His* 
lory of Norfolk as an "eloqaeul^ uullinching opponent of the 
cormptions of the times.'' It is x>ossible that this may be the 
Carmelite prior above mentioned, thongh the prefix dr leaves 
the matter somewhat in doubt. 

As to the original derivation of the family name, Hon. 
Oeoi^c Folsom, of Philadelphia, in one of the manuscripts left 
by him. says: *'It arose upou the adoption of Burname.s ia 
Euglandf from the town of Foulsham, a village in the county of 
Norfolk, six or eight miles north of Hingham, in which county 
the family was sealfcd for many centuries, possf'Shing wilates in 
fifteen different places. Thus John de, or John of Fonlsliam, be- 
oamo John Fonlsham. 

The orthography and pronunciation of the name have varied 
inthefamily itself, as well as among tliosi' writing and prououoc- 
ing it. The first Anglo-American bearing the name spelled it 
"Foulsham." His son, Deacou John, spelled it "Fullsam" In 
1709, and it is signed **Fonllsam" in his last will — 1715. In 
one Instance, in the llingham town records, it is spelled "Fal- 
sham*'* but always aflerward, "Foulsham." In the Exet^^ 
recordsit is written uniformly "Folsom" with but one exception, 
when it is written by the town clerk "Foulshame." In the rec- 
ords of the first parish, Uaverbfll, Maasachnsctts, it is written 
•'Foulsham," "Foulsam,'" "Folsham" and "Fulsom." Origi- 
nally it waB doubtless spelled "FonLshame/^ its etymological sig- 
nificance being the/oir/a' home, a breeding place or mart. It 
was probably at first written with a hyphen, as Fouls-hame., but 
the final syllable was «*v*-ntniilly shortened. Everywht-re it is 
DOW written FoUom by those having the name, and is pronoonoed 
like whotaomt. 

The Gharaeieristic« of the fiimily have been quite nuiform. 
For as known they were a religions Itkmily, and promineot 
as snch in both C:Uholic and Proteetant circles, with a strong 
disposition toward dissent from the established order of things. 
Thus John de FonUbam wrote a treatise quite at variance with 



tbe dootriaps of the cliuicb, advocating the marriage of priests. 
John FonltuhiiiD. tbi; Aiiglo-Aiueritsiii, led England on account 
of his dissent, preferring a home in the wiUIerness with freedom 
to worship God, to dwelling nnder the rule of a haughty aud 
tyrannical bishop. Many of the family espoused the doctrines of 
Whitfield. Many of them became Baptists, becoming such at a 
time when the Baptists were most unpopular, and atlerward 
beooming Fren Will Baptists, in whii-U oomniuiiion more of the 
family may to-day l>e found than in any iither. 

The necnpations of the family were mastly, in the early days, 
mechanical. Many were joiners and millwrights. The children 
aud graudehildreu were farmers, landholders and InmlKTmcn. 
Of the many who removed to Maine, alter tlic Revolution, most 
engaged iu luml>ering, but turned their attention also to milling 
and HtorekfH'ping. 

The faniilv have also shown a military tendency', and during 
the Tarions wars visited upon the country since the early colo- 
nial times, this family has borneitsfuUshareof the dangers, toils 
aud expeuso. 

My father, Jeremiah Folsom, was born iu Tamworth, New 
Haniftshire, Sept. Iti, 1780, and was married t-u Ootavia Howe, 
April r>, lH*Kt. My mother was born in Maehias, Alainc, Oct. 12, 
1786. Uy father was a prominent business mau, and was en- 
gaged iu shii)pLug and mereantile pursuits, he owning vessels 
tiiat plit;(l from St. .Tohns t43 ^farhiiiN aud other American ports. 
Tu CneilitAUi hi-s biLsiness, St. Johns w:m his home four years, dur- 
ing which time he was associated with William Henry Carman. 
This temporary residence and business association account for 
my bring born on British soil, aud for the names by which I was 
cbriiOencd. According to the record iu the old family Bible, I 
wa* bom at St. Johns, New Brunswick, June 22, 1817. Wheu I 
was six mouths old my parents moved to Bangor, Maine, thence 
U) Foxcrod. Maine, thence tu Ascot, Lower Canada. 

When I was fire years old my parents moTod to Tamworth, 
Kew Hampshire. Youngaslwas, I am still able to recall events 
that ocenrred while t lived lu Canada. 1 remember falling into a 
well aud being Imdiy bruised. I remember also an ndveuture 
with a bear. My parents had gone to church, leaving uie at 
bume, greatly agiuust my will. I attempted to follow, but missed 
the road and wandered off into a wood, perhaps three miles 


avay. Wh>Q my pjirents returned they were much alarmed, 
aad parties imiaediuttjly went in pursuit. When I knew I wa» 
lost I set up a rigorous wreaming, which had the effect of at- 
traoting ntteution from two very different parties. The first waa 
a huge bear in qiieHt of food, and doubtless delighted at the pros- 
pect before him. The second was oue of the rescuing parties 
in quest of the lost boy. Both simultaueously approached the 
screaming youngster and Bruin fought stublKirnly for his prey, 
but was vanquished by the clubH of my rescners, and I was car- 
ried home in triumph. I do not clearly recall all the incidents 
of this scene, and, sti-angely enongh, do not remember seeing 
the bear. Perhaps the terror of being lost drove out every 
other impression. An excuse for the uarmtion of this appar- 
ently trifling incident may be I'ound in the fact that bat for the 
prompt arrival of the rescuing party, this history would nev«r 
hnve been written. 

AiVlieji I was Utn yeara of age my parents removed to Bloom- 
field, Maine. While in Tamworth T had excellent opimrtnnities 
of attending school, which I improve<l to the ntmo-^^t. .Aft«r 
learlog Tamworth my school privileges were well nigh ended, 
as I never received from that time more than six months' 
schooling. My father followed lumbering on the liennebeo 
river. During the first winter in Maine, he took me to the 
logging camp as camp boy. During the second winter he hired 
me to Matthew and Lewis Dunbar as a cook for their wood 
camp. I cooked for six men and received five dollars a month. 
I was used very kindly by the Dnnbars, but that winter in the 
woods seemed a long, long wiot«r. The only book in camp was 
the Bible. There were, however, newspapers and playing cards. 
In the spring my father used the fifteen dollars received for my 
three months* work to purchase a oow. I scrvod the Dunbani 
the thinl winter, a-4 cook, for six dollars a mouth, and wurked 
the eosning summer on farms at about twenty-five ceuLs per 
day. DartDg the fourth winter I worked for the Dnubiirs and 
Timothy Snow at seven dollars jht month, and the summer 
following worked on a farm for Benjamin Cayfoni at »**ven dol- 
lars, (iyford waa a merciless tyrant, and sometimes compelled 
his men to work in the field till nine o'clock at night. These details 
of wages paid and work done, anintere«tin; in themseivea, serve 
to show the value of a boy's work (I was not yet fifteea) and 



^'^fipalb^fM expected of the Rvcnige boy. for miuc was do cxccp- 

'ttttod tam uor was my father more cxartiiig: tliau others iu hia 

stoCioa ID life. He was iu poor health, aiul had a large family of 

!»oys. We wunj i-ight in ninnlMM', ami of these I was one of the 

mtMt robast and able to assist in the snppoH of the family. 

This year I persuaded my father to sell me my time, which 
amoanted to five years, which he rt^luctaotly did, accepting two 
hundred and fifty dollars as an equivalent. It was my ambition 
to go West. Hoi-ace Greeley had not uttered the talismauic 
words, "Go Wwit, yonng man," but I believed that by going 
West r would be l)etter able to advance my own interesta 
and assist ray parentt). My father signed the necessary pa- 
per r<*linqniMhi»g my time, which was printed iu the Skow* 
hef^D Clarion. From this time until I was nineteen years 
old I worked on the river and on farms, worked contiDU- 
otutly and beyond my strength. I worked another summer 
for Cayford, but have no plea^int rec4>llectionH of him, fur 
on his farm I wiw 8a<lly overworkod, being often called to work 
bef()re snnrise and kept at work after sunset. I woi*ked two 
winters cooking in the woods for Capt. Asa Steward, of Bloom- 
field, one of the best men I ever served, a kind hairted, honest 
Christian. Ue gave me good conusel and good wages besides. 
In the fall of 1835 I went Into the woods to work for Oapt. Eb. 
Snow, of Madison. Like Cayford, ho was a merciless tyrant and 
abusive to bis men. I left his camp before my engagement 
closed, not being able to endure his abuse longer. This is the 
only time in whieh I failed to keep a labor engagement. I fiu- 
ixhed the winter with Capt^ Asa Steward, hnt my uyos Iwwime 
60 infUmed from the smoke of the camp that I was obliged to 
abttndon cooking. 

During this winter occurred an incident thnt came near hav- 
ing a serious and even fau»l termination. There were three of 
as, Simeon Goodrich, Jimmie Able and myself, who went down 
the Kennebec to the Forks, a disUince of twelve miles from camp, 
A deep, damp snow hod fallen the night previous, and through 
this snow, reaching above onr knees, we trudged wearily till 
Able gave out. We carried him a short distance, but becoming 
exhausted ourselves, laid him down in the snow. To remain 
with him would be to imperil the lives of all; by hurrying on 
we might be able to senda party to bring him in. We carefully 



made for him a bed of fir boaghs and placed loose ganncnt<s over 
him aud uuder him, nud as he was sick, weak and iaiut, gave 
him a draught: of liqaid opodeldoc, aud leaving the bottle vith 
him, hurried on. Wo tmvoled the last mile through an open- 
ing. Snow driiliHl deeply. We dragged owr bodies throngh the 
drifls in the direction of a glimmering light^ which proved to be 
Sturgis' hotel, which we rejiohed at 11 o'clock p. m. A t«am 
was 8cut back immediately for the lost Able by a road of which 
we knew nothing. The I'escuing party met him trudging along 
with all hi.s baggage. The opodeldoc had revivtHl him, and he 
had trarelexl a full mile when he met the rescuing x>^rty. At 
two o'clock the t«am retiirmnl bringing the lost wayfarer. 

Another adventure terminated more disastrously than this. 
Xq the spring of 1835 I was employed in takiug logs across 
Moosehead lake. The logs were in lMX>ms, and were moved by 
a capstan aud rope. This was before the days of steamboats, 
and the moving of the booms was no light task. On this occasion 
a gale of wind struck us and drifted us across the lake. We 
threw uut an aiiubor, hupiug to rhiH^k the e^nrse of the boom 
and swing it into Cowan's bay. In one of onr throws the anchor 
tripiHs], or caught fast^ nud suddenly tightened the line. Oar 
whole crew were in an iu^4lant hurled headlong. Some were 
thrown into the wnter. One man (Butler) had his rit« broken. 
All were more or less injnrod. The capstan went overboard. 
The old boom swung on and on, and, passing Spencer's bay, 
broke and went l<i pieces on the shore. The logs were with 
great difficnlty r^atbered, but were finally brought to the oat- 
let of the lake July 4th, the last raft of the season. 

After river driving iu the spring of ISS.'S, I went to the Pe- 
nobscot river and found employment at twenty dollars a month at 
East Great Works, bnildiug a dam. John Mills, our snperin- 
teudeul, was a good man. There w»s » lyoeum here, the first I 
over attended, la December I returned to the Kennebec, and 
ID the spring of 1S36 went to Dead river to drive, but an att-ack 
of the measles And general ill health, with symptoms of pnlmou- 
ary derangement, compelled me to abandon the work. 1 hod 
lired nine years ou the Kennebec, years of hard labor and 
exertion beyood my strength, and in that time had earned 
enough to pay my tather two huudred aud fifty dollars. I had 
been able to purchase a small library, and had two hundred dol- 
lars in cash to defray my expcoaes to the West^ 



REMlKiaCEN'CES. — He that leaves the home of bis j-onth for 
a strange land carries with him memories, pleasant to recall, of 
ftceoes and incidents, the icflacnoe of vrhich ho feels to the latest 
bour of life. There are some tbin^ be cnif not forget. Tbey 
may not be an essential part of his own life history, but still 
they bare found a place in his mind and seem a pait uf himself, 
nnd he recnrs to tbeni again and H^nin with ever increasiog 
delights There are other things, may be, not so pleasant to 
dwell upon, which still have a place in bis memory and may be 
profitably recalled. No one who has ever lived in Maine can 
forget its dark pine forostH, its rugged hills, its rushing streams, 
cold and clear as crystal, its broad lakes, the abundant game of 
its forestK and the fish in its waters. The MinneHOtJi and Wis- 
consin pioneers, who with th<^ author of this l>onk claim Maine 
wan early home, will not object to the inseition in this chapter 
of a few of thc«e reminiscences. 

MoosEii£AD Lake. — My first visit to Moosebead lake was in 
the early winter of 1834. At that time it was still in the wilder* 
ness, only two settlers having found their way to its shores. 
We were going with a six ox team to a camp on the Brasua and 
our road led as aeross the frozen lake. Kuergiug from a beech 
and maple grove on the margin near Haakell's, our sled plungiMl 
downwani, and in a moment we found ourselves on the gray ice 
of the lake^ with a wonderful panorama spread out before us. 
The distant islands and the shores, hilly and mountainons, stoo'I 
out plainly between the winter sky and the ice covered lake. 
The mirage added it« finishing touches to the picture, increasing 
the brigUtuess and apparent si7,e of distant objects, or lending 
them brilliant hues, the whole scene sparkling iu the frosty sun- 
lit air, making a vision of beauty that could not fade. On we 
trndged over the ice. the sled creaking, the ice emitting a roar- 
ing sound, not nmike the discbarge of a park of artillery, sounds. 
produced by the expansion of the ice. We trudged on past 
islands and craggy, rook-bonnd shores, passed Burnt Jacket, 
Bqnaw and Moxey mountains, in the east, Lily and Spencer bays 
at the Routbeast, Misery and other monntaius iu the west, while 
far away to the north of east towered white old Katah<liu. Be- 
fore ns loomtMl up the flint rock Kinneo, its perpendicular face 
fronting west, on the lake; at the base a beautiful maple inter- 
val extending toward Spencer bay. 




The following spring our boom lay wind bound lit the base of 
Kinnco, and we seized the opportuuity of elinibing the vast pile 
of Jlinty rocks composing it, and obtained tbouoc a view of un- 
paralleled beauty, iueliidiiig the broad, bright lake, fairy island^ 
mouutaiiiH and hillH and viLSt str4>bche.s of pint? forests Tht; t>our* 
iflt might 8«ek far and wide, raiuly, for a landscape rivaling this. 

Moose Hunting. — The lake and surrounding country offer 
unrivaled attractions to the :^portAuiau. The lake abounds in Qsb, 
of which the lake trout is the most abundant in number aod 
delicious iu flavor. Specimens are frequently taken weighing 
from ten to fifteen pounds. The forests at that time alMuudcd 
in wild animals, chief of which was the moose-, tb<? largest and 
the homeliest of the deer family. With his long, narrow head, 
small eyes, donkey-like ears, pendant lips, the upper one curling 
like a small proboscis, with his high shoulders and giraOelike 
blps, with his short, round body, long and clumsy legs, he is as 
distinguished for his want of grace and comeliness as the red 
deer is for its preseuce. No animal is bett«r adapted for its 
own home and mode of life. Their heavy I'^ml of hair adapts 
them to high latitudes. With their curved upper lip they take 
bold of the. branches of the treefi, and with their strong teeth and 
paws they are able to peel off the ttMider bark of saplings and 
small trees. The moose, when attacked, is fierce, resolute, defi- 
ant, and defends himself in a masterly manner, striking with his 
fore legs with such precision that the hunter is obligtKi to keep 
at a respectful distance. The male moose wears a remarkable 
pair of horns of annual growth, to which each year a prong is 
added. The home of the moose is the northern partof theXorth 
Temperate Zone. 

Moose hunting is a healthy though laborious pastime. The 
hunt+^r must b(' an expert, and it requires years of practice to 
liecome skillful. He must build his camp in the wilderness, 
packing thither his food, blankets, camp utensils and gun. 
With his pack of dogs he starts out in search of a moose yard. 
This is generally in some well timbere<1 district. The snow iu 
winter is generally from three to six feet deep, but the moose has 
broken piitlis through this to facilitate his movements thmugh 
the forest, and here he roams about in fancied security, browsing 
on the young shrulis. but the hunter finds his biding place. In 
such case he conceals himself in the saow near one of these 


pnthn and waits patiently till the ninoee passes, when Iih firc-s 
apon biro. If the mooso 18 killed at once the hunter waits 
patiently in his hiding place till another and another comes up 
to ttbaf« a like fate. If the moose is only wounded he starta off 
as rapidly through the unow an his long kgs will carry him, 
pnrsued by the hunter and his dogs. The hunter haa all the 
advantages of the position, being inount<ed on suowshoes, thus 
being hHAv to more nith comparative swiftness, while the moose 
plangeH heavily through the suow, and at laat, wcakoued by losa 
of blood, he is overtaken and easily killed. 

Mount Bigeixjw. — This is a noble, grand, historical mouu- 
tuo, situated on thesouth aide of Dead river, in Franklin county. 
For years it. had Xnaeu my strong desire to make the lutrpnt, and 
in Uay, 1833, the dewire wa« gratified. "With six others, I left 
oamp. and by evening reiiched Green- s hotel, where we obtained 
lodgings for the evening. At early dawn, having supplied our- 
Helves with lunch, tin cup and hatchet, we began the accent on 
the northeast side. We soon passed the thrifty timber and 
aided our ascent of the craggy sides of the mountain by clinging 
to the slirutis that fuund roothold in the crevicpH of the rocks. 
It may not be amiss to say that we rested, that we restwl fre- 
quently, for mountain climbing is no light work for those un- 
aocuMtomed to it. While toiliujf wearily upward we found 
ourselves eavelop<Ml in mist, or a clond, from which we soon 
emerged to find the heavens above us clear and bright, while 
leaden clouds shut out the landscape below. At twelve o'clock, 
XkOon, we were on the stinimit. By this time the (;louds had been 
dispersed. The air wtiH clear and cold and beneath ns lay, as in 
a beautiful panorama, the lands and takes of Maine. There are 
two peaks abont half a mile apart, iM-twcen which is a valley 
and a small lake. From the highest of these peaks the view 
was magnificent. In the far north we imagined we saw Canada. 
The vast, northern expanse was all unoccupied save by a few 
forms atthe foot of the mountain, and by a few camps of Inniber- 
meo. hunters and trappers. Looking to the northeast, we saw 
in the blue distance, glittering with snow drift*, Mount Katah- 
din. A little north of the divide line to Rntahdin lay Moose- 
bead lake^ the largest, most beautiful lake in Maine. 

At this season of the year the snow had disappeared from the 
TaUeys and hills, but the summits of the mountains were still 



whit«. lu all dilvctioiis the scene was gmud and iiispiriug. We 
could trace the Keiinel>ec river iu iU windings to the sea aud Ian* 
cied wc could 866 in the dim distance tht; blue Atlantic. To th6 
sontliwest mountains neemed piletl nn mountains, vliile here and 
there in intermediate valw* bright lakes reflected the blue of the 
upper deep. In this direction there -were forms, but they looked 
like mere dots on tho face of the earth. Lake Umbagog lay 
coiled iu the shade of distant mouutains in the southwest. We 
fancied that we could see the rugged crest of the white moun- 
tain fltill further beyond. The scene had abw it^ historical asso- 
ciatiouH. Along the base of this mountain, on the northwestern 
side, ere his name had l)6en.sulli(Hl by the foulest treason in our 
country's history. Benedict Arnold bravely led the Colonial 
troops in the campaign against Canada. With him, as an aid, 
was Col. Bigelow, whose name is given to the monutaln. The 
gallant little army halted on the banks of Dead river at the base 
of the uionntaiu. and made their camp. While the army was 
resting at this camp Lieut. Col. Bigelow ascended t-hc mountain 
and planted his couutry^s flag upou the highest peak, doubtless 
the tlrst white mau who made the ascent, and the mountain is 
his moouQient to day. Around the site of the camp was planted 
the colony of Flagstaff. 

While we were gazing on the niagnificcDt scene, musing upon 
its varied beauties and recalling its historieail associations, the 
sao set, and rcluclautly we st^t out oa our n-turn, a descent the 
more perilous because it was growing dark. Extreme caution 
wneoeasary; nevertheless we made good headway, as we found 
oarselveA sometimes sliding and even rolling down the path that 
we had uceuded with so much difficulty in the forenoon. It 
was long after nightfall that, tired and hungry', wc reached Wy- 
man's hotel on the bsinks of Dead river. 

LuxBEKiN<; IS Maixk. — The practical lumberman did not 
usually start his teams for the pineries until snowfall and the 
fr««ziug of the lakes and rivuis. The first thing was to selert a 
place for operations. This was done in the open season. When 
the winter had fairly set in the lumberman, with his ox teams, 
generally six oxen to a sled, tho sleds laden with camp plunder, 
would start for the pineries. Tho slow ox teaxos would consume 
many days making the joorney. The orew of men eanployed for 
the winter generally mot the teAms in camp. The snow would 



;be cleared away Tor the camp, and a firo built. The cook^ould 
>repar« a sujipcr of fried porli, fritUsrs or jiaiicakeii, tua, syrup 
und Xow England applo 8au(;i!, the crew meeinwliile <-iitting 
bonghs, wood, etc.^ and preparing for ptirnianent camjt. Supper 
over, the cattle were tied to trees and fed. Water was secured 
kibr evening use only. A. glowiug fire would l>e kept up, around 
'Which the crew would gather to spend the evening in talking 
over the adventures of the day, diseu-ssing plans for the morrow 
or singing camp songs. Thus the evening would pass merrily 
and fiwillly. At the hour for retiring parties of two would sj)rejid 
their lilanketH on a couch of fir or cedar IwughH, and lie down to 
reeL Next nioiuin^ the cook would rise at four o'clock to 
prepare hreakfiu*U which over, &ti soon as it was light enough 
the crew woald ouiuiuence the work of the day. Kvery man 
to his asBignod dutien, the boss in charge having the gen- 

d oversigbt. 

The life of a lambcrman is one of exposure to the elements, 
yet it is not necessarily unfriendly to the development of char- 
acter. With a well ordered camp aud gentlemanly crow the 
winter may pass away plcn.SHutly, and the young man engaged 
in the comparatively hard toil of the camp, may, with books 
and papers and cheerful converse with the more thoughtful of 
his elders, improve the long evenings .spent around the camp fire, 
^^any a Maine lK>y hati received here the greater part of his 

lining for the duties of after life. 

Sunday was usually occupied in remling, singing, and doing 
some of the lighter work of camp, such as repairing sleds, shoe- 
ing oxen and making axe helves or visiting neighboring camps. 

WB« a day of rest only so far an the heavier work of the camp 

ras suspended. Sanctuary privileges there were noue. The 

work would often close in the sunny days of March. The men 

would mostly depart for home. A few would remain to drive 

the logs with the fii"Ht water from the melting of the snows late 


Driving logs in the rapid waters of I^faine is hazardous work. 
Sciircely a day passes withont imminent risk to life and limb of 
the hardy and venturcBomc men engaged in the work of break- 
ing '^ landings and jams, and running boats. Men are exiiosed 
to w«t and cold from dawn till dark. This work i-etiuir&s active 
ami vigorous men, coustituLionally fitted aud carefully trai tied 


to the work. They are osaaUy sociable, lirelj and wide awake, 
these qaalities enabling them to endare, and ereii to enjoy, the 
life of hardship which they lead, and to which they become so 
accustomed that they are unwilling to leave it until worn out by 
ite inevitable hardship. 


W. H. C. Folaotn ..Frontupieoe 

JameaS. Anderson opp 66 

Martin Mower 60 

John McKnsick opp 68 

Edward White Durant 74 

William M. Blanding. 114 

Reuben F. Little 121 

Oliver Wendell Holmee Hospital ™ 157 

John Comstock. opp 170 

HansB. Warner opp 207 

Rev. Wm. T. BoutweU 278 

Devil's Chair 301 

Frank N. Petcraon 320 

Rev. E. E. Edwarda 348 

Smith EUiBon 351 

Isaac Staples a opp 413 

Jacob Bean '. 416 

Loaie Hospes 418 

Fort Snelliug 498 

William D, Washburn opp 517 

John S. Pillsbury opp 528 

St. Anthony Falls 531 

Birdseye View of St. Paul opp 536 

Henry H. Sibley opp 553 

Alei. Ramsey opp 555 

Henry M. Rice opp 558 

Edmund Rice .'. opp 560 

Wm. Rainey Marahall opp 568 

Wm. H. Fisher. 571 

John B. Sanborn opp 577 

H. P. Hall 689 

Hon. G. W. Le Due 594 

Lucius F. Hubbard opp 597 

Home of the Author .•. 614 

State Seal 658 

Seal of Old Settlers Asaodation 732 




Oenenlogy of tbe Amerioui 

FolflamB Vn 


PaKtit^e- IX 

Tim« and Place of Blrtlu IX 

Earli«at R«coll«ctions_ IX 

RetDOval to BloomBeld, Mftine X 

Firat Emay at I^o^ag X 

Cooimeiiclng Life- XI 

Txtftt in the Snow XI 

Advontareon MooAebeod LokoXH 

On the PenobAoot XII 

RemtniKCDOOs of Molno. ^m 

Moosehead Lake XIII 

Asoent of Einoeo Mountain.. .XIV 

Moose HontiDS XIV 

Monnt Bigelow XV 

Ltfmbehufi in Mniue XVI 


Oono West 

IaIcm Haron nod KIichif;an... 

Chici^couid Milwaukee 

On Foot to Galena. 

The Noithweirtern Territory— 

ArriTal at IhilKiQae - 

BemioiBcaneeB of Dnhnqne.... 
Arrinkl at Pi^rie da Chien... 
Early llistoiy of Prairie da 


Andni Uocomeot 

Forti Bbelby — McK^r— Oniw- 

Ibrd - 

Ftnt OommisioDeis at Pmi- 

rie da Chien 

Organication of Crawford 


Indian Troablee » 

Koaning Ihe Gauntlet 

Fort Crawford Robbed 

Early Justice.... 

A Southward Jonmey.. 



yewOrlenne, Vickaburg » 16 

Return to PnUrie da CliieD.... 16 

Privations 16 

A Perilouii Jftornpy 17 

Betam to Maine — Moantains 

of New Hampshire 17 

M&rriaf(c 18 

Prairie du Chien In 1837- 18 

Americftu Uoddenta 10 


James Daaoe Doty 19 

James H. Lockwood 90 

Indian Troablee 31 

John S.Lockwood 33 

Bamne) Gilbert 33 

Micbuel Brijtbois 33 

Pierre La Point 34 

Joseph Bok-tto 34 

Hercului Duusman 34 

Rev. David Lowiy 3B 

Chief Jostice Chariee Donn... SS 

Rev. Alfred Brunson 36 



In BniDBOo .37 

John H. Folsom 38 

Exddel Tainter » 28 

Jad^ Wyimm Knowltoa 29 

BobertLoeter S8 

TboniMi PeiuU«ton Bamett.... 30 

General Uent7 Dodge _ 30 

Geaenl George W. Jones 31 

S. 0. and S. L. Tainter, John 

TbomsR 31 



From Prairie do Chieu to Estill* 

water 39 

Stitlwatet in 1845^ 33 

6t. Croix Coant<F - 33 

Fiist SetOemant in 1B38 - 34 

ZKsmembencMnt of St. Croix 

Talli(f &omCiawfixdCbttnt7 34 

Jodge Irwin's Oottrt In 1S40. 35 
ETMite is 1840, FlntOommi** 

irioDen' MeetiOK 35 

KlMTtioQ Predncta In IMl 36 

Eorljr History of StUlwater. 37 

The Firrt SawMiU 37 

Oop/ of Agreeuient of ICill 

Company 3S 

Aicieenieni of Land Claima... 40 
Baleaa ToTage np the St. 

Ctoii „ 41 

Tniii^ti Dmnka. __ — 42 

Skiff Voj^e to Ptatrie da 

Chieo „ 43 

MaUOuzTlng. 43 

Claim and HiU*at An-olo- 43 

Stiilirateriu 1S46, Evenls. 44 

Overland Trip to Pnuhe da 

Chien 44 

Ketnm, Adrentare 46 

A Pioneer Cat 45 

StUlwater in 1^47 48 

Temtoriot Election.. 46 

Aixest of Nodin and Ne-ahe- 

k*4i{ft4aa 4ft 

Visit to Sunrise, Conoor'a 

Camp „ 47 

harder of Uenij Host. 47 

PuDenil, Indignation Meeting 48 
First District Coort in StiU- 

water 48 

Nodin aikd Ne-6h«-ke-o-g»-ma 

A«|i]ine<I 49 

Bteontei War £a«[le and Raft. 49 

Boda^BaU in StiU water 49 

StUlwafesr itt-lS48.« 50 

CflAPTEB 111. 


Jossph Evoabaw Brawn. ....... SS 

FWlCarU .„ ».... GS 

Dr. Christopher Chrtt.- S3 

Lydia .Uin OsrU --..«.. 64 

Phlnew Lswiettea...M...,»M«. 54 

JaoobFUwr — ««„« 55 

James 8. J ndsiw. ..„..*.»«»., 6S 

^.»— ml D. Fannae . . GA 

OoL John GrMtr.. 66 

Mn. Haoaab Ore^.. 

EhunGrfety. »„, 

Himao Gtwljr.. ...».., 
AqnilU Orc«]y-. ....... 

EliseMcKcMB -. 

CalTin P. Lswh 

Soeataa Kelaan 

lliB.SocralaB Nfltaoo. 
Edward Blak*. 



WiJUa- R. Vail „ 59 

John E. Mower » 60 

Mnrtin Mower 31 

WilliaiD Willim. 61 

Alliert Hurii 61 

CometinsLxniftit. (>2 

DsTid B. Xx»m\» j (M 

William E. CoTe~ C3 

John&nitli 83 

John Morgan 83 

Anson Nurthmp ' 63 

Robert Kennedy (14 

niiTvcj- Wilson.. 85 

Amlrew Jnckitoa Short. 85 

JnoiM I>. McComh 85 

William Kntberford - 66 

Albion Ma«t«rmaQ 66 

Jowph X. Mastomuin 86 

Mablon Dlack 68 

UortonS. Wilkioaon 87 

WOUau Stanchflald 87 

ThoBtH BaoudolL. 68 

Charles Macey 68 

JooAthan E. McKtuick. » 6B 

Ji>hn McKoflick 68 

Wiiliant HcKiuick 69 

Koah McRQ«ick 89 

Royal McKoaick , 80 

tvoiy EL McKoflitik GO 

Charles E. Leonard „.,„ eu 

Daniel MnLean 70 

Robert KimpAon 70 

WUliam II. lUtopeT „ 70 

JaiDM II. Spencer. 71 

JohnT. Blackbom 71 

JtMepb T. BInckbnm 71 

Hoiai'e McKinstiy 71 

Seth M. Sawyer _ 71 

Heoiy Sawyer 73 

Airah O. Heaton 72 

John hfcKeneie 78 

Uoorgo McKcnzie _ 72 

Tli-nrj' Ktittcubefic 73 

JuliiiB P. Bronswick.. 73 

Tlcnr}' McLean 73 

Hngh BurcA 73 

Sylvauns Tnwk 78 

Ariel KIdridge.. 73 

Kilwnrd While Damnt 74 

Oliver Paraons 76 

Albert 8tiauwn 76 

Abnihiim Van Voorhees. 76 

Michael E. Owens 76 

Joaeph Bonin 77 

Man-el Ottgnon 77 

BeliOMlJan Marty 77 

John Marty 77 

Adnm Marty 77 

Mifbael McITalft 77 

Geors© Watson , 78 

Rev. EIoAzer A. Greonlenf. .... 7B 

J. B. CoTey 78 

JohuShneaby.. 7S 

John S. Proctor 78 

Barron Froctor 78 

Henry Wealing - 79 

Tbomatt Danu 79 

Cluvrles J. Gftnliner 79 

Srtimicl Supies 79 

JtMiinh Ktapleet 80 

Joel M. Darling 60 

Early lUver I'ilota 80 

JoePerro ™ 80 

Jameti Mcl'hail 80 

John Cormack 61 

John Hunford Bl 

John Leach 81 

Htnphen B. Hanka 81 

SiuunelS. Ilanka 81 


Plnipttei aod Ilinory 92 

FnwkliD Bteele, the Firat Pio* 

a«er 83 

Uii Account of iheSettlemeot. 83 

Tbe St. Croix FaUi Lomber- 

ing Oompany 83 

OrgatiizattoD and History 83 

St. Croix Uiver, OrijEin of Name 64 



Treatj and Pnrclutae of 1638.. 85 

History of Polk County.- 86 

Cbnnty 8eat located at St 

Croix Falls - 88 

Firtt ElectioD County Officeis- 86 

Pint HappeoioKs » 87 

The Liquor TmflSc...- - 87 

Melancholy RutDlti 88 

Dmth of Uoll luul LiviogBtou 88 

Itidiuo " Jnmlwree.'* 36 

FiMDtier Jnstice 80 

Baiflam r^e Mnrders 8S 

Kxecntion of ao Indian „ 89 

PojmUtion of St Croix Palls 

inlS48 90 

Natmal LangiiafE«...» 90 

Droiniiiig of H. H. Perkins_„ 90 

A Qnailtown Harder...., 

Mineral Penuits „.... 01 

Marriage tinder Difficaliies -. 91 

An Indian Scare ^ 93 

The Pifst Fire Caooc 92 

MiU Building 94 

Nlore Indian Muidots. 93 

Indian BaUle of Stillwat«r. ... 96 

The Fiwt LoRgenL. 08 

Tiie First EtaOing...^ 9T 

A-n Indian Payment 98 

Indian iMnring and Theft -... 99 

OtIitT Thefta 99 

IlardTiniM 100 

Puxzl«<Undtana, "UghiVghl" 101 

Mis. Worth and Mnckatloe-.. 101 




Got. William Holwmbc. 103 

William S, Hungarfonl 104 

Cftleli Cn»bing 104 

JadgellenryD. Barron 106 

nearx« W. Brownell 107 

Col. Bobert C. Slorphy 108 

Edward Worth 100 

Mn. Mary C Worth. 109 

Msarice H. Samuela 109 

Joseph B. ChorvhilL 110 

John McLean 110 

Oilman Jewell ..» ItO 

EUahA Cre«ch 110 

JamcAW. McGlothUa 110 

Andivw L. TatUe. 110 

John Weymoath Ill 

a W, B^ynoldi Ul 

Angfwtoa Gaylonl Ill 

Jamea D. Keymeri...^ HI 

William J. ViomiL 112 

Tbompwu Brothers. - 113 

William Amery lia 

Lewis Bwlow U3 

I,oTi W. StnUton U3 

Elma U. Blanding U3 

Blanding Family »...».... 113 

Frederick K. Bartlett. 114 

MichaAl Field 116 

Aldan „ 115 

Eer. A. B. Peabody _... 116 

V. M. Babcock. 117 

Apple Kiver „ 117 

Balsam Ijtke. U7 

Beaver U8 

Black Brook „.. UB 

Clam FalhL 110 

Daniel P. Smith. _ 119 

Clayton. „ 130 

BeobeoF. LittI*. 130 

Clear Lake 12a 

I'ineville _._ 123 

Fnuk H. Nye _ 123 

Eurvka « 123 

Cliaiies Keren |23 

Farmington. 1S4 

llmrmonCtmodalL....... „ 185 

Samuel Wall . „ 185 

WiiUam Ramaey. -»...„. 135 

Biram R Kaeon „ „ ISO 



JoelF. Nawn. 136 

Jphn McAdama 126 

ChuleaTea » 136 

Gmifidd 196 

GeoTf^etown „ 137 

A Dtmblo Murder „ 137 

GmrgeP. Anderson 1S8 

Laketown 128 

Lincoln 128 

William WiUoD 130 

Lomine 139 

\rilliam W. Oalleepie -. 130 

Lnck 130 

WiUiam !T. Foster 130 

Milltowu 130 

PatrtrliliUto 131 

OkmU..... pi 

Scenoy ......^ _.. 132 

Firrt HAppeningB - 132 

Ctumge of Name 133 

OsMcla Village 134 

Daniel Meors _ 134 

Nclihin McCtrty 134 

Willinra O. M&bony. 13S 

Kicluml Arnold '. 135 

WillUm Kent, Sr. 136 

Robert Kent 135 

Andrew Kent I3A 

William, Janiea, Thomis, and 

John Kent - 130 

Ronmel Clone 136 

Ebcnezer Ayree 138 

Dr. Canni P. GarUck 137 

.Tohn S. Oodfrey 137 

William A. TalboyB 137 

Clurlce H. Stuples 138 

J. W. Peake 138 

GMTge WilMU -. 13g 

HumUtflB. DrwMr 138 

Frederic A. Dreaser 138 

Oscar A. Onrk... 139 

OacarF. Knapp 139 

Mrs. KliHab«tli B. Hayes 140 

CynwG. Bradley 140 

W. Hale 141 

Edgar C. Treadwell .„ _ Ml 

8t Croix Falls 141 

St Croix Falls Village 141 

West Sweden 143 

Sterling 143 

Dr. Saninel Donoeo 143 

WillinmW. Trimmer 143 

Aniolil Dcnamore ~ 143 


I, 1640 144 

DlTiaton, 1848 144 

County Seat located at Bnena 

Viata 145 

Fiirt Klection 146 

Dtrisionnf theCoDDty, 1853.. 146 

PrMent Limita 146 

OflOenl Deacription » 146 

Monameut Rock 147 

TownAind Date of Oi^ganizo- 

tion 149 

81. Cdmx Oounty AgrimltunU 

Sodety 148 

Pomona Orange 14S 

Af^riPaltiiml SlatiAtJM. 148 

Blaniifocturcn ~ 14ft 

St Croix Poor Farm 149 

First Tax Roll of Oounty, 

1848 149 

Hadaon 0ty 1S3 

Original Claimants 163 

FIratSnrvey, etc _ 163 

Firat Deed Iteconled 164 

City Government - 186* 

Mayors of tlieCity 165 

Ci^ School! 166 



Military Inntitntf „ 156 

MilUaQd MannfactAricA 156 

Itenks „ IM 

Oliyer Vi'endell KolmM Hos- 
pital 157 

Water Works 158 

Hotels, the Great Fire. 1666... 15S 
Social and Benevoleat Otfpju- 

latJons. 159 


Loaia ilasnej- 159 

Peter Boacbea. 180 

William Btecto 180 

Ciipt John B. Paite ISO 

Dr. PhiUp Aldrich ItiO 

TbttXnMes Family Itfl 

.Isrocs PnriDton.^ 161 

Aninifth Andrew* 16*^ 

Jamea Walstow ItS 

Jamea Sanden. ISS 

J. W. Stone 102 

JoMph Botvron 163 

Moaee P*rin 163 

Jolia O, Ilennlog 163 

MombS. Oibsoo 164 

Col. James Hugbea 164 

Dnniel .Vodenoa^. 165 

Alfred Day ]6o 

Dr. OtU Hoyt 165 

a S, N. Fnller- 1S6 

MUm IL Van Meter- 166 

Philip B. Jewell 106 

John Tobin 166 

Hoaoa A. Taylor lOT 

Jaremiah Wholey 197 

Simon Hunt 197 

Johns. MotTatt.. 1*7 

James n. Childs 168 

William Dwelley.- 168 

JameiM-Pttlton..... IGH 

Mannu A. Fnltou. 168 

David C. Fulton 168 

N. 8. Holden- 168 

William HSemme*. 160 

Stirling' Joiiee.... _...»..»..».. 169 

D. R. Bailey „ 16» 

Henry C Bakar 169 

Merl Hcrrlek IBfl 

D. A. Baldwin 170 

.Tnhn Conislock „ 170 

i.ncixut P. Wetherby 170 

John C. Spooner 170 

Thomas Porter 171 

Herman L. Humpbrer 171 

Tlit-odore Cojfswftll— 172 

Fnmk P. (JatUn 179 

CharlM Y. Dennirton. 173 

A. E.'Jefretson« 173 

Somael C. Symonds. ^ 173 

John F. Crlover - 173 

l..fmael North 173 

Edgar Nye 173 

William T. Price. 113 

E. B. Bandy 174 


Baldwin 174 

Baldwin ViUasv » 174 

Wo<Klvine Village. 17S 

Cwly. 176 

Cylon „ 176 

I^Q Galle. 178 

Fmemid - 178 

Krin Prairie ^.. 178 

Forest « 17T 

Glenwuod »....»« 177 

Hammond »...» 177 

* Hammond Villaga. „.. 178 

John Thayer - - 178 

ReT. William Egbert ITS 

Uadson 178 

Jamas Kelly.»» » 178 

Daniel Oott » 179 

JuutVirttie - 17V 

Theodon H. Bradl«y 178 

WiUiam DaUey ^ „ 178 

Kobert nod Wm. McDlarmid.. 179 

William klartin _ 179 

Puchol Aldrich ,... 180 

Kinnikinie - «,... 180 

Duncan HcOrefEOr. 180 

W. R and Jamea A. M^a... 181 

PlcMaatTaOey _ ISS 

RlclUMnid 181 

Boardman ViHage 183 



Gridlcy Villige 183 

N«v Ridimoiid Tillage 183 

New Itichmond City 183 

Bank, High School 184 

Benjnmin B. C. Foster 184 

KoWrt Pfailbrick llSS 

Luiilcn Owmbs 185 

Eticii Qniuli^ 185 

Uwis Oaks 185 

Henry RumcU 185 

JiMepli I>. JobuwD...- 16S 

Joel BortleU 186 

Fmncis W. Bartlett. 166 

George C. Hoogli 186 

SOoBStaplM 186 

Dr. Hairy Mnnlook 187 

St«Ten K. llnvkins 187 

Riub Itirer. isf 

Somemtr. 188 

Sometset Village „ 189 

GecLSamuel Hiirriiiiaa 188 

St Joseph 190 

RDoltOQ Village 191 

Burkhordt Viltago 191 

SpringiioM 191 

Hcnwy Village l6l 

Wilson ViUagc. 183 

StHUton 193 

Star Prairie 198 

Huutingtun ViUage - 1« 

Stnr Prairie Village™ 192 

Hon. R. K. Fay 192 

TroT 193 

Jonies Oiioooc-k 193 

William UPerno 193 

Warren 194 

Jninni Rill 194 

Village Plata. 195 



DtocriptiTe 196 

Ufrtory, Firrt Events 197 

Oonoty Heat Chaoged to Ells- 
worth 196 

Uailrooaii 199 

Mucellaneoas Statistica „ 199 

VUlage PUta 199 

OtganuataoD of Towns - 200 

Clifton. 200 

George W. McMurphy 201 

Ckbome Sirobl 201 

Charles B. Cox 901 

EphraJm Hamsbeiger 3D1 

DtAniooa Bluff- _ 203 

Cspt John Paine 202 

John I»»y 202 

Sarah A. Vance 203 

Allen R. Wilion 903 

E. R. Coulter „ S03 

James Baiu her.. 203 

Jacob Mmd 203 

Charles Walhridgo 303 

Cbarlea F. Hoyt ..... 203 

Enoch <Joinby 203 

Tlie t^iret Settler 203 

El Paao 204 

Ellsworth 306 

Ellsworth Village - 206 

Antliany HudiUeston 206 

Perry I>. Picrt-o. 20B 

HatM B. Wiirner 207 

Qilraan 207 

TlarUund - 208 

IsalMHlIt! 208 

Maiden Itock 209 

Christopher L. Taylor- 209 

Martell 209 

OalcGiwve 210 

Lewis M. llamsbciger 210 

Fmoott City - 210 

History 211 

Platted in 1857 213 



FiiBtOffieiftl Bounl 312 

StaUntiat, Piret EvcntB 312 

churvhm aia 

Pair Groands. 313 

Cemeterf 213 

De8tnii:tiTe Fired — 213 

rMlnnder PtmooU 214 

(■mi:^e Schaser - 214 

WiUiun .S. Ix>ckwoD4 2lfl 

JaiuM MoDn>e Boilej 215 

Adolph WKkman. 213 

.Toa#ph MaiUM 21S 

Hilton Doe 315 

Late A. Taylor- 815 

John Haitt^ _ _ 218 

John M. Woe „ 210 

An Indian Battle.. 210 

RiTerFttUa - 217 

Fint Happenings. 217 

Water Powere 217 

Schools at River Falla. 218 

Kiver FaU8 Acudetuy 218 

Churches 219 

Aaaocutiou » » 318 

Bank, Ualltoad „ 230 

Flin „ 290 

River Falls City, Organization... 220 

Fftlla of Kiunikinlc- 220 

Tb« Care Cabin »...- 221 

The Fourth Stat« Normal 

School .„ aai 

JoelFoBter 234 

Jeffien. Thayer 234 

A. D. Andrews „ 224 

Joseph A. Short 936 

Prot AUen U. Weld. 326 

Allen P. Weld 335 

Georfje W. NichoU. „ 33S 

W. D. Parker 236 

WiUian Fow«lL.., 326 

Lyman Powell 356 

Nathaniel N. Powell 236 

OUrer S. Powell SSS 

NUkP. 'Uaogen - 397 

H. L. Wadaworth 227 

Rock Elm 227 

Salem 237 

Spring Lake 388 

Trenton »... 238 

Trimbelle ^... 338 

M. n. WUliama _ 238 

Union » 283 




BraimT Couimr. 

LocaUonuid Deacription 330 

Oit^Miixatioa » 331 

PiueBarreu 331 

Uniders .t-. 332 

Old Geeehic 333 

TheFinit Mission - 334 

The ChippewBAOf Wood lAke... 236 

GniotabQT]g - 337 

Canute Andetaon 237 

The nickerM>n Family 236 

The AndereoD Family — 238 

Robert A. Doty 238 

The Cmnbany HmbM 238 

Wasubuu? COCNTY- 
DtcvripUon, Town Ot^giuuxatJou. 240 

Flret Eventa. 340 

Shell lAke, Sammit Ijdte. 341 

Fii«t tinard at Coanty Officeni. 241 
Rhell Lake Lumber Company.... 241 

Sawyer Creek 242 

Spoooer Statloii ,.„ 343 

YMcleyUla«e 343 

Sawves Ooustt. 

Organixation, Description 343 

County tndebtedneaa. 843 

Town of Hayward 343 

VUIageof llaywaid „ 343 



nnt Errata, Seliools, Chaiches, 

etc 244 

Bank, LntuVr Company 244 

Halmmli I>i>))ie Ho 

Hilton V. StnttUm 245 


Dtecription. OrgaoizaUon 343 

Turtle LalCfl, Town and Viiliige. 245 

Barron, Perlej VtUago. 340 

Camberland Village S46 

Bprngae 34(t 

ComsWck and Barronett VillafiCii 247 
Cbaries Simeon Taylor. 347 




History, Location, De«crfp(ion.. 34^ 

Um of the AposUu 248 

CUnde Allonez at Mwleline 

Island 349 

Eftdj Hi«tot7 of La Pointc 94U 

Rematkable F.pitapb 249 

La I'oint« County Election 340 

John W. B«U 350 

Aflbland 360 

Hirtary. FiretEvcuts 250 

AMpb Whittlesey SSI 

J. P. T. HaakeU 361 

G. S. Vanghn 261 

Dt. Ed^-in Ellis 258 

Martin Bcnser 262 

Hod. 8«mS. Fifield S&S 

Bavkikld Cousty. 

Iwocation and Hiatoty 303 

Unytield ViUage 253 

WaHhbnm, Drammood, et*; 254 

Do CO LA8 County. 

Description and History „ 254 

Firet Election 254 

SajKrior City 255 

Hialorj- 255 

Eariy SpDcalation _ S56 

Period of Depretnion 3S7 

Wwtt Superior 256 

The Baidon Drotbere.. 3S8 

WUliam U. Newton 358 

Judge Solon H. Cloufch „. 2&B 

ViuoBOtltoy _. 2SS 

D. George Morriaoo SGA 

Angost ZwsliaiL. 96V 


History 260 

Deacriptioo 360 

FlretETMitt 261 

Finances, Railroads 261 

Loflses by Fire- „ 262 

Fokegama Ijtke and Minion 2(>2 

TbomaeCoiiner'sTnuliDBPoiit!.. 2C2 

Presbyterian Mission 263 

Mtuhk-d«-winini 263 

BatUe of Pokegama. 264 

Cnuuilolism 966 

A NoWo Ctilcf. 967 

Fiaok C^aTeeeions 867 

AConardlyDced 968 

Ail Crjont Aocasation 988 

Indian Mdgnaniuiily 969 

kcv. Frederic Ayer. 869 

Rev. William T. Boutwell 272 

Ilifloorery of Itaacn 374 

Ma. HesturC. BoutwelL. 270 



CbcnRwatonn S76 

I'irat S«ttlera -... 276 

ChcDKw&tAiu Village Platted.... 277 
CbeDgwataDA Towu Oisamxed.. S77 

Loim Ayd.. ST7 

Dqiui« Purtnr.. 277 

8. A. Uatchinmn-. 277 

Biockley, Towu of. 278 

HiDckley, VillngcoC 278 

James Mornaou. 278 

SaadafeoDe Tillage and Qaarrie*. 37ti 

Wm. H. Gmol^ Sr 279 

KfeUle Hirer, Town ot 27fi 

John a HftiJey 380 

HiauoD Creek 280 

Pine City, Town of. - 280 

Pino City, Yillage of— 281 

fiichard G. Bobioaon 281 

lliram nrarkett 2fll 

Randall K. Uarroira. 281 

John S. Fereon- 282 

BfliuuclMiUet 282 

Bock Cnek 382 

Enoch Uorton „ 26S 

Boyalion „ S8S 

Windennere..- 283 

Neshodana, Fortana.St. John's 283 

A Kock Cw«k Murder™ 283 

Itnmicgofa Jail 383 

A Diafigined Family- 284 

Indian Faith Cure 284 

Indian UraTes.— 284 

Indian Stoicism.... 385 

Old Satice 285 

An Indiiui Dance. 385 



Kakabsc Countt. 

History, BoundnrtM, etc. 286 

DwwtriptiriQ 288 

First SetUens First Flection 2»7 

First Erenta- 287 

Aitlinr aSB 

Mora, Viltageof. S6B 

Stephen h. Danforth 288 

N. H. Danforth. 888 

Alrah J. Conger 986 

Iia Oonger — 288 

BnHiKin, Village of. 286 

Bnomrkft, Town oC 288 

Bnanrick, VUli«Bor.. 389 

GroimdHou«-City 288 

Jamea Pconinstoo. •. 2fiS 

oscHsa L. atapiM an 

Daniel Gordon.. 3M 

Qnm LAke, Town of. SBO 

bAilTJ COL'>*TT. 
Olipuuzation.-. WO 

Qunbridge 281 

North Bmnvh, Town of. ™ 201 

Oxford, Town of 291 

Stephen llewson 291 

George W. N««Wk. 292 

ReOJMlaer Grant. 292 

MuxK Lacs Oouktt. 

Deecription S99 

Mille LacB Kcservstioa S83 

Cboo^ Orgnnimliou in 1860....- 293 

Pint Election and Officers- 393 

Milaccft, Village of..... 294 

BridgTiuui, Village oC 394 

PrioceU)n,Villag« of. 394 

Samael Ham. 3M 

Joseph U QAtr. 3»ft 

M. V. a Cater- 306 

Edwin AUeo 99S 

John U.Allen 896 

At & Damun 396 

a H. Chadbonnie....M 399 




Locatinn, Snr&ce, 3ceneiy„ 298 

Chisago Lake 2lW 

DtdlMortbeSt Croix 'Mt 

Origin of the Formation 3(N) 

The DerJI's Chair. SO*) 

Tha Welta. 301 

Settlement uid OrganixatioQ 30'i 

Joe B. Blown to the Proot :ioa 

PiBhistoric Kemaiiifl 30C} 

Bobtnettn foaHSsion. 303 

Bobioet itoagbt Ofl; First Im- 

prnvemcDtB- 304 

DeitbofB. F. Buker 304 

The Pint Log Hoaae Bailt 305 

Pint Crops RaiMd 30ri 

Klisl Eleclion 3ft.'i 

Chiai«D Oonnt]r NfUD«d xm 

First Oonunisucmeis _... 307 

Goootjr 8e«t Locat«l at Tftylor".-) 

PallB 307 

Bcmored to OoDtre Ci^ 307 

Amador; » 307 

First Bnpcrriaon 308 

TboTutoD Biflbop 308 

WllLiam Holmes. „ 308 

James H. Martin 309 

Branch 309 

Kortii Branch SUtioB 300 

Henry h. Ingalls. 310 

Mis. I^Tina U Ingalls 310 

CbiaagaLake, Firat Settlers 310 

Firat Crops 311 

Swedish Lntbemo Church 311 

Centre City 312 

Andrvw Sweuson 312 

Juhn S. Tan Renaaelaer. 312 

Axel Dobliam 313 

NrU Nord 313 

Join A. Hal1l>erg „ 314 

CbsrIcsA. BnstL 313 

Urs Johan Stark 313 

Frank Mobeck 313 

Robert Carrie..., ^ 314 

Andrew N. Holm 313 

Cemetery and other AMOdations 334 

Tnvoritoration 334 

Tndinu Ihtnue 335 

Luid!(tn>m Village 314 

Daniel Ltndstrtjm 315 

M:i)niu» S. Shaleeu.. 316 

CfiirwKO City. ....._ „ 315 

Otto Walltiiark 316 

Andrew Wallmark 316 

PUh I^e 316 

Peter Berg „... 317 

Benjaiiiiii FnuikUu 317 

Kmnconift 317 

Praiintnift VUlago 318 

Ansel Smitli 318 

Henry F. and LwDurU P. Duy 318 

Hear>- Wills 318 

Tlie flark Kmthera 319 

Daviil Smith 31fl 

Jonas LiDtlall 319 

Willium Peulee 319 

CbnrlesVitalis 318 

Angnst J. Audereon 320 

Frank N. Peterwn 330 

Harris „ 321 

HarriaTillago 331 

r^ent 322 

Ncsaell 3SS 

Itobert NeflselL 323 

Stephen B. Clark 323 

KoshSetxi 323 

Kw9h City 323 

Tbomus Flyna 334 

Patrick Flyna 324 

KnfoB Crocker ., 324 

Frank H. Pratt 324 

Voloro D.Eddy 325 

F.8. Cliristuuwon. 3*8 

Shafer- „ 336 

Jacob Sbufer 326 

Peter WirkUnd. 327 

I'nrer Walmanou 327 



Andras Aodonou 3S7 

Erie Byluod.... 337 

Jacob Pet«i«oD 837 

AmbroM C. Seftvecr - 397 

StmriM.... 338 

SoDrise Village 32-^ 

Kost Villflge 32« 

Chippewa 329 

Drotithieiu ~ 329 

Nashua 330 

Washington 330 

John A. Brown 330 

raR«n W. Davis 3TO 

James F. Harrejr 330 

Floyd S. Bat« 330 

Isaac H. Womcr 331 

CharlcA F. Lowe 331 

Wrfis Farr - 331 

John G. Mold 331 

George I>. Blood „.... 331 

Joel G. Ryder „.«...».... 332 

John Dean « 233 

Taylor's F^lla. 382 

Fint ra«t Office and ilailSeiYice 333 

Milla, Flret Erente 333 

BeUgioiu OrganiKatktttB 333 

Bridge Company 334 

Banks, Mining ComiMnies. - 334 



J«He Taylor 336 

Joaboa I*. Taylor » 330 

SfatbanC. D. Taylor 337 

TbomaaK. Morton 337 

Henry N. Setter 337 

Patrick Fox 33t3 

WiUiam F. Cblby 339 

OvcarKoos 339 

Bamnel Thomson 331) 

Bosan Tbomsoa Mean. 339 

George DeAUly 340 

Jacob Markley 340 

John Dohney - 340 

William Dobney 340 

Heniy H. Newbniy _ 340 

Emil Mooch 340 

A. M. Wilmartli 341 

Locins K. Stannaid 341 

James W. Mallen „ 343 

Darid Caoeday _. 343 

Geonm B. Folaon „ 343 

Aaron M. Chase - 343 

Peter Abear 343 

Levi W. Folaon „ 344 

EddingtoD Knowlea.-.,. ....... 344 

Dr. Lucius B. SmiUi 34« 

William Comer. 354 

E. Whiting and Brothers 34d 

Frederic Tang, Sc ...- 348 

Wud W. Fobom.^ 346 

Geoige W. Seymoor 34S 

James A. WooUey 346 

Patrick OanoU- 347 

Joseph Carroll » 347 

E. E. Edwards 347 

Stephen J. Uerrill 348 

Niiah Marcus Humphrey 348 

R.iyal C. Gray ». 349 

John P. Owens „..._ 349 

Andrew (Mendenning 3fi0 

Smith laiison 350 

Wyoming — Settlement and Or- 

ganixatiiki « 350 

Wyoming VUh«e _ 3S2 

Deer Garden « „ 352 

L. O. TomWer _ 352 

l>r. John Woolmnn Comforts. 353 

Isaac Markley 353 

Joel Wright 353 

Randall Wright ..„ - 353 

Fmleric Tejicl „..,„ 353 

Charlca Henry J^aner..... 354 




WASuiNOTOir oousrv. 

OqpidntioD In ItMg 356 

FintBoftrdofOfflcvn 366 

AAbd - 366 

AAOQ Tillage ^ 367 

Booth Afton 357 

Valley Ciwk :»7 

8t Mary Villiige 367 

Jowpli Uukell 36H 

l^muel Bollm 35S 

Taylor F. Itondulph 368 

ElUab himoil 35a 

Andrew Mackey 368 

B*>town Settlement 36B 

BkyUiwn Villa^ 369 

Bangor 360 

HiddlfttowD 300 

South 8tiUisater 360 

MilU, ete 360 

Docks, FactorioB, Ceiuet«riefl.. 3(iO 

€bUi«g OniTc 361 

CMtige Grave Village. 361 

Langdao 363 

reacpb W. Farber 36S 

locl W. FurWr.. 363 

'Tticodurv Furber 363 

Jamas 8. Norrifl 363 

Leww HiU 363 

Jacob Monhler 363 

Willinrii FcrntiMin 363 

John AtkioDtm StSJ 

Denmark 364 

Polot Itoofclaa 364 

Lpvi Heriicell :j6fi 

UNmrBarris 365 

David HoM 365 

WillUni B. Dibble 366 

Georitc llarrifl „ 366 

Barley U. Whit* 3fi7 

Tbonuu UetheriugtoD „ 387 

Janioi Shearer 367 

StntoD BbtDglodecker. 367 

OUib Tnuot 367 

Abiabaiu Tnuut SfiH 

ijwt^ W. IWnpbeU 36a 


Forest Ivake, History of 368 

Ouptain Michael Munh 360 

Fomt Lake Village 366 

Gmat, History of. 36S 

DcUwood 370 

Eaglf aty - 370 

Mabtamecli 370 

Wilriwood 370 

WUliam ElUolt 371 

Frc<K-nck L^nib 371 

Juoius KuUierfofd 371 

Jmh H. Sou1« 371 

Lakelaad, Description and His- 
tory of. 372 

I^kelauil Village 372 

Henry W. CroBhy„ 37:1 

Ueiihen TI. SuDcIvniDn „. 373 

Newton BlcKiwiok 373 

Csptftin John Oliver 373 

C^ptAJD Ann Rnrlow Green 374 

L. A. Himtoon 374 

bfarine, Origin of Settlemont 374 

FinilSettlcrs „. 375 

The Mill Completed 375 

Murine Mills Village 376 

Firat Liiwsuit 376 

Cbuirbes, ImproTomenta 377 

IxNwett hy Fifb 378 

Va«a Villafte _. 378 

Orange WiUker 378 

I-«wifl Walker 379 

.Samuel Hurkelo. 379 

AsaS. I'orker 37& 

Himm Itorkcy 380 

(ieor^e B. Judd 380 

Jimva Hnle 380 

John Holt „ 380 

George Holt 38J 

Wim«m Town 381 

Matthias Welsbance. 381 

Benj. T. Otis _ 382 

Waiiaiih Clark 382 

Jaian It. Meredith 383 

John O. and TbomaA K. Ward 382 



SNmup) .luilcl 383 

Fradrm* W. I^imnifn ShS 

Jwnw R. M. Giwkill 382 

Ncw[K>rt, Town i)f. 383 

Isk- Prlee 383 

R*cl Rock 383 

MimmnatRM) Rook 384 

Graj- tloiid City 385 

Newfmrt Villnge 3^ 

John Holbin. 38S 

Jnhn A. Fold 385 

Dnoicl rTopkiuH, 8r 3B5 

Wmiam R. Urown 308 

Willmm F..wler. 388 

Oakdnl^ Towuof. _ 388 

Ijik« Elmo Village.. 397 

E. C. Gray 387 

. Arthar Stttpbeoi 388 

Onvka, Town of. 388 

Onukn Htntion 380 

Shndy Side Villa^ 388 

DiiniH nopkiDS, Jr 388 

Stillwiiter, TownoC 38B 

Oftk Park 380 

IHvid P. I.Tman 3M 

Ilemiy A. Jarkmao 390 

Frnleric J. Cnrtia. 381 

' IJavid Cover 301 

John Parker 30] 

WoodliDry. Town o£ 381 

Jacob Folstrom 383 

Alexander McHatiie. 393 

John McHattle 393 

The Middleton Family 383 

NewiDgtOD Gilbert 384 

Ebcoezer Ayen_ 3JH 


WARRfMOTOir ooDFTT— ooKmnrsn. 


8iillwHt«r in \«tO 306 

The FrcBhetof lf€0 3»7 

A Real Estate Movrmeiit 1^7 

iDCorporatiou of Stillwater... 388 

Lint of MarahAh 388 

Poet Office. Mail RoDle«. 38^ 

SUtifttiRB. 398 

HoteU „ 300 

City BimkB. 400 

Board of Trade, Water Com- 
pany 402 

Firu IVpttitDieut 402 

Gm Light, Tel«cTBpb, Tele- 

pbone ~ 403 

Elevator, Exprve* Companiee, 

Bridge _ 403 

Liimlieniig Interesla, Flonr 

Milb 404 

Maoulbrtorie* 404 

liailding AaaociatioD 406 

Cbatvbni, etc. , 406 

Public Bttildincs. 40H 

Societi«a, etc. - 4U9 

Cemeteries - 410 

Agriculloral 8ocie^ 410 

8tet« Prison 410 

Firut, BtmdB, lodebtednen.... 412 

tsaac Staples „ 413 

Mamnol F. ITeney &Sona...-. 415 

Jacob Hean 410 

Charitts I^ean - 410 

Rodnlpb I^mtcke ^ 417 

Hollia It MuTdock 417 

Gei>ri:e M. Seyinoor 417 

Frank A. Seymoar. » 410 

Loais Uoepe* „.„. 418 

Darid Tocer _ 419 

Darid Bronson » 490 

John Maloy « 430 

Mfk. Su&tnnab Tcpoas „ 480 

William HTbumo 490 

Edmund J. Butts. _ 490 

A. B. Eaatoo 431 

&Iwin A. Ful«om _ 431 

John R H Mitcbell 431 

Joeeph 8cliDpp „ 43S 



afffbrd A. nenu«tt - 422 

Samuel Uathews 432 

John and Jumea Mathews 423 

Peter Jonrdain 423 

Junes ICoonej 4S3 

Jmiub N. CB«tl« 4S3 

Abnkam L. GaUespia 423 

John C. Gardiner 433 

V. C. Seward 424 

Halph Wheeler „. 4»4 

Kdwurd S. Broiro 424 

William Lowell 424 

Albert Lowell 425 

Nelwn H. Van Voorhee. 42& 

Ajidrew J. Van Voothea. 42S 

Htiniy C. Vail V««rhca 462 

C. A. Itmmley 4Sti 

CharlwiJ. llntler 428 

Levi E. Thotivpftftn 497 

Georjje Davin „ 487 

WlUiiim M. Meaner 427 

John a. Ahl 427 

Samuel M. RegiHter 42S 

J. A. Johnaon 438 

Gold T. Cnrtia 429 

Hnrlej- D. CnrtJ8„ 439 

Frandii H. Delano 429 

Henry W. Cannon 430 

Dwight M. SaUn 430 



SnuftVR Coi:nmr. 

Orcanisatioo and Hiatory of. 432 

St. Clood 434 

Newapapen and Poet Office... 435 
Village and Citjr Organization 4.% 
Land Ulllce, Expcnditorea..... 43S 
The Si. Clood Uatu, Improre- 

menta 438 

Banks, Pnbtic BoUdings - 436 

Bt John's I'nivenitj 437 

La Souk. Town of. ^ 438 

Peler 8<-haeler 438 

John L. Wilson „..- 43K 

Cha»I.M T. 8t«ini» 438 

Henry fi. Fillmore 438 

Nathanii-l Gctcbell 438 

James Keoogh „. 438 

Loren W. Collina 438 

Henry C- Waite 439 

Geo. R. B. Lowry 439 

A. and Joseph Edelbrock 439 

John Reugel „ 440 

Uioia A. Kvnna _ 440 

Amfaraae Freemoa 440 

Nathan F. Bamea 440 

Nebemiah r. Clark 441 

Oacai £. GarriaoD , 441 

Charles A. Gilmau 441 

Other aUicens 443 

AKDKA Cousxy. 

OrftanizatioQ 442 

First Settlen, Commissioners... 443 

Anoka, Town of 443 

Anoka, City of 443 

Incorporation „ 444 

Fires, Foblic BntldLDgs 44fi 

Manufactures, Banks 44S 

Bethel, Towu of ■ 446 

Blaiuc, Towu of. 446 

Bnms, Town of. 440 

Centreville, Town of _ 448 

Centreville VilUigo 440 

Colamboa, Town of. 447 

Fridley. Town of - 447 

John UanSl 448 

Grow, Town of 448 

nam lAk«, Town of. 448 

Linwood, Town of „ 446 

L. S. Arnold 449 

S. Kidge « 449 

J. G. Green 449 

8. W. Haakell 440 

M. M. Byan , 449 

Hurley Family 449 



0«k Grove, Town of. 44© 

Buwey, Town of 449 

St Fmnclo, Town of 450 

An Indian Riot 460 

Juni Beneon 4S1 

JudmC. Froet 451 

A. J. McKonney - 491 

John Heory BftUle 483 

John R. Bean 4fi2 

A. McC. Fridley 468 

WiHiam Staples 463 

Capt. Jamw Starkey 463 


Description .- 463 

Ot^DintioQ 4S.1 

TowBi of Sherbnme Conuty 454 

TTTiuw iif niiiiii r ij 465 

Onmo, Elk River 455 

EaatSt CToad 466 

Clear Lake _ 456 

Beckar - 466 

Bi(c Lake _ 466 

J. Q. A. Nickereon 456 

Heury Bittner -150 

PranoiA DeLUte 467 

Mrs. F. De Lille 457 

Ilowaid M. Atkins 457 

B. F. Hildrelh «... 468 

Samael Harden 466 

Joaepb Jerome 468 

Joaboa O. Cater 468 

J. F. Bean. - 468 

J. H. Felch 468 

James Biady 458 

Joshtia BrigRi 458 

Robert OrrotA 458 

John G. Jamiemo ~ 468 

A. B. Heatli 468 

Dr. B. K. Palmer _ 450 

Jndge Hoees Rherbntne - 459 

Charles F. 0«orge - 459 

Royal George _ 469 

W.L. Baboock 409 



Brmtok Coukty. 

IteMcription 460 

First Settlem, Organixation -Itil 

Townaof Benton Conn^ 461 

Vin^(« - 461 

Hank Rapids, lncorf)onition_.... 461 
Dam and Public ItuildlopL.... 463 

The Cyclooe of 1886 46S 

Watab Villai^e 463 

PhiUp Beanpre. 4«9 

DaTid Oilman 463 

JnmBcat^ 46S 

EUtolOing. — 463 

Geoise W. Benedkl 464 

J. Q. A. Wtwd - 464 

William H. Wood 464 

Hn. Wm. H. Wood 466 

A. De Lacy Woo.1 - 4S8 

P. H. Wood 465 

Rev. Sherman HaR 466 

Jeremiah Rossell « 466 

Edgar O. Hamlin - 467 


Description 468 

Htstoty „ 468 

iBdtaa Fmdi - 469 

OqpwlMlioo „ 469 

WinnehagD Indiana. _ 471) 

Tawnsof Uorriaon Ooonfy. 471 

LiUlr FalU Ytlbge 471 

Little Falls Water Power. 47-i 

IncorporatiOD »„.... 473 

Schools and Cfanrdua. - 473 

Royalton XiHa^ „ 473 

InoorpiKatioD, First Offiren... 473 

Ptt^-r Roy „ 473 

William Stou|[lfli.„ 474 

James Feigaa.„„ 474 

Nathan ItichaidlOII 47S 

MoMM La Fbod 47S 




y A. ChtirrhitI - 475 

John M. Kidder 476 

Wvren Kobe « 476 

OIa K. BUck 476 

IraW. Bouch 476 

Bolwrt kuseU » 476 

FeterA.Greeo 476 

Rodolpboi D. Kiniwy 476 

John D. Logu - 476 

Ckow Wiso Oouxtt. 
l>«Hi;riptioii » 477 

Pfnrt. RettlfTB „ 477 

Orjtiinization. 47R 

Keor^anizattoii 47f4 

Murderera Lynched <7S 

Bralnvrd 47S 

First SotUcra 47B 

Kortbeni PaciUcSanLtarluRi... 480 

The Kindred Dam 480 

L. P. WTiit* 480 

Allen Morrison 490 

Charlfsl'. Kindred 481 



DewriptioQ 4B3 

OfKuitnitioa, Officen 482 

Aitkin VilUuc 483 

William A. Aitkin 483 

Alfjml Aitkin 483 

NathjmielTibbett 484 


HisLoiT aud <.lipinizutir)U 464 

TowiM of Carlton Cunnty - 485 

ThoniMnVill*^ 48.'i 

Ooqaet Village - 485 

MoOM Ijkk« StAtioo 485 

BamamBtation 486 

Mfthtowa Station 486 

North Pacific Janrtion 486 

Fniucia A. Wotkina 486 

ftr. IjOtna OorjtTY. 

DfscriptJon 486 

Pictaresqne Scenery 487 

QtBunlnouers' Meetings 487 

liltcrf Cbmmiasioucrs 488 

Dnlath. Early History 4^ 

Gniwth, PopaUtioa 489 

Hllh, War»housM, Rhipmenta 488 

DulatI) Harbor -. 480 

FUh Commta»ion 490 

Fond da Lnc Village 4£>1 

Oneota Village 493 

CltnoD Village 492 

Portland Village 492 

EndioD Villnge ^. 4&2 

Mlddli'ton ViUago 4ȣ 

Mont«i3snm» Villn^o 4!'9 

Bavhanan Villaj^e 492 

St. IxixiiR Fftlls Village ^»2 

Premoiit Island 493 

Tower 493 

f irttrge R. Stnntz _ 491 

I'ieorge K. intone 494 

Charles H. Uravre 494 

Ozro P. .Steams _ 494 

Lake County. 

Descripiiao 495 

Two Hur1x>» 496 

CuuK County. 

HuBtory and Urgnnization 496 


Of||uiizutK>uuid History, Towns 497 

Fort HuelUog 497 

Trmtyof 18:n.... ». 409 

Pint LandClaima, 1838- 499 

CheeveHa Tower. SCO 

St. Aufliony Village Platted 500 

First Miirriugv ui the Tcrritury.. 500 
FirstCourla,Sclioo), PustOlTlce.. 501 



Gboick OrgKntEatioDR SOI 

Tb* Bvspeiuiou Bridge Built 603 

St Anthony lacgrporaled 1835... 502 
AoDeZBtion to Minneapolis, 

1872 ™ 603 

St. Anthony F«ll« - SOS 

LaSalle's Description „ 503 

MiIUlGBpoIi^ Early SeUlen 503 

Early Land Claims 504 

Budceaa Enterprises 506 

Minn Erected 505 

Si. Anthony Watfir Power 

Company 506 

MiDDeapolis Named, LAndOffitv o06 
Inoorporntion an a City, lAltT.. 506 
Annexation of St. Anthony... 506 

I>i8t of Mftyors. „ 507 

Water ra &t«iun 507 

Teirilic Exploirion at the Floor 

Mills 506 

Snborlion R«*ort« - 508 

lJ8t of Poblip Dnildinp - 508 

Poet OfflM Stati^ics 510 

Lamber Manufactured 511 

Bonded Debt^ Taxes, Expanses 511 

VtvtMinnmpoIis » 511 


ChlTin A. Tnttle 619 

Cyrru Aldrich BU 

I>r. Alfred E. AniM _ 514 

Dr. Albert A. Amea 514 

JeMeAmeB 615 

Ckdwmlladcr C. WHhbani...- 615 

WiUiam D. Washbura 617 

JoMpb C. Whitney 617 

Otedw Hong » 6te 

Fnuiklin t=ii«ele ~ tta 

BtMweU P. RuawU 519 

HomtM P. Van Cle»«~ 5» 

Charlotta a Van Clove SdO 

AidGodirer 630 

Richard Chnl« » i 

LurioH N. Parker ! 

Captain John Bollins I 

John G. Lennon I 

John II. SteTena 

Caleb D. Dorr. i 

Rev. Edward D. Neill i 

John WenBigoor i 

Robert H. Has^ 

Stephen Pratt 

Capt. John Tapp«r i 

R. W. Camminga. -. i 

Eliaa H. Conner. < 

C. F. Stimson 

WUliom Ihigos. ,.........._ 

David Gorham 

Edwin Hedderly ».. 

Louis Neadeck.... < 

Andrew J. Foster...... » < 

A. D. Foster _ i 

Charles E. Vanderborgfa - i 

Dorillina Morrison 

H. O. O. Morrison 

F. R E. ComeU 

Gen. .V. 6. Nenieton 

Isanc Atwster 

ReY. DaTid Brooks 

ProC Jabez Brooks 

Johoa Pillsboiy 

Henry T. Wellec „ 

DaTid Blakely- 

William Loohi«n....»...» 

Eogene &L Wilson _..... 

R. K. LangdmL. 

William -H. Bracket 

Tb<w It luid Piatt B. Walker 

Anatiti H. Yonng. — 

Uenry G. Hicks 

John P. Rea. „ 

John M.trtin. 

John Dadley „ „. 



ion, FintOffleets. SS9 

St. Pan] in imo, Known as Pig"* 

Et*. — o* 

Pint Settlen. S3A 

rirthsr RavMUE. liHl 533 

Uamy Jaekaua Established a 

Tt»dii« PtaL 533 

Arniwliwi of 1943 633 



of 18-11 534 

"Fin* Dead.- aSi 

AcceanMHof 1S4C 534 

Fi»t School _ 635 

Second Deed, Phalen'n Tmct... 535 

Acoeauotwor 1B46 535 

RcminiBceDcce S36 

AtTcmiuns id 1847. A3fl 

St. Paal l'Utt«d 537 

MUBBtshopn School 537 

Pli»t Stauuboat Uoe 537 

AcccMions uf ItMH 538 

ItograMin 1840 530 

Bt. pRol MmIc the Capital of 

U>e8tat« „ 539 

The Tint Newspapers. 539 

Early ItenMand Adveriuvnieoto 540 
Pioneers of 1849 640 

SomD roiii purtmiiH 641 

KtAti(rtif« of PiniMiatjoa, 8^-IiouIb, 

UuildingR 542 

List of htnj-om. 543 

WMt St 544 

T0V118 or Raniwy Coiititjr 644 

White Ilftar 546 

First Sflttlera 545 

Induin Itattle Ground.. 546 

Town Organiaitmn 547 

\\*]itt« near Tjike Village 548 

Hotels And CottAfjM „ 648 

Dwaiel T.Hty 549 

SontliHt. I'ftnl 5(9 

North St Paal 55fl 

Fopulntion ofSt Pnal 550 

Poet 01lic« History 551 



Iffenr; ITiuttiop* Rihiey 553 

Al«xfuiileT Ilani.'^cy 555 

WiUijun II. ForbM 557 

HtxajiS. RioB 55H 

Edmnod Rloa.„ SdO 

Lonialtohert 6fil 

Angtutc U UupenteoT. 662 

WiUiun U. Noblca » „ 563 

SiniMHiP. Folsom 663 

JicobW. Bass 563 

Keojnraio W. BniDSoD 564 

Abnun 8. aod Uuu. D. Etfeli 564 

D. A. J. Baker 566 

Bei^iuinF. HojL 6»>5 

Johu Fleicbor WilUoms 666 

Dr. John K. Uurpby 586 

William H. Tinker 667 

0m«9» P. Jacob* „ „ 567 

Ljnuui Daytoo 667 

Henry U Mom _ 567 

William ICaicey Mnrshnll ."iert 

DaridCooiwr „ 669 

Biuhrod W. LoU _ 670 

VT. F. I>«vidimn 570 

Wm. II. Fidhftr - 571 

CharlwII. Oaken, 673 

C. W. W. Bonip 572 

Capt. iintmU Blakt^ly STJ 

ReDHwloer K. Nolaon - 673 

Ocorge L. Becker » 574 

Aaron Goodrich 576 

Natlitm Myrii-k 675 

JotiD Melvin Uilman 576 

Charles K- Flmidniu - 576 

John B. SniilMirD 577 

John K. Irvitip 570 

Honu* R. Btgelow 580 

Cu«hmftn K. Dftvia 580 

8. J. R. McMillan 581 

Willis A. Oortnan. 681 

John D. Laddea 583 

EliaaF. Drake 582 

Norman W. Kittwin 583 

lliwcal K. Brill 683 

Word W. Folsom...., 584 

Uoidon K. Cole. 584 



Jnnim 8mith, Jr 664 

William P. Humjr - 686 

Henry Hftle 686 

James Oiltillao 685 

Clurlea Dancftn OnfllUn 666 

Alexander Wilkin 5BB 

WcatwW Wilkin 587 

8. C. Whiicher 687 

T. U. Newtnn 587 

AlTaren Allen. 688 

HivlnoP. Halt 666 

Stephen Miller 68V 



Dakota Cocntt. 

Deacription- .........»».».» SSI 

HaMiogi 601 

Farmtngton SSI 

Tgnatios Donnelly 681 

FnndaM. Crosby - SBS 

G. W. Le I>iK 683 


Bad Wine, Bani BlolT. ^ S8S 

OuDon Falls 506 

Indian Barytog Uroaiid _ 806 

Hana Uattaon 586 

Lorit«F. HQblMud. - 587 

William CblTille 699 

HartiD S. Chandlw. 688 

Cliulea McQin...- 000 

Uonwe B. Witaon 

Wadasoa Copkty. 

Wabaalia Village -. Ml 

Bailey and Sonft. 609 

Nathaniel S. Tefft. 009 

Jam« Walla „ OOS 


Scenery 009 

Winona City _ 008 

Daniel S. Korton. _ fiOS 

Wtlliaiu Windon 003 

CharluU. Betvr 0(H 

Tbomas Witoon 6M 

TbotnanSimpaDn 606 

Wm. H. Vale « 606 




Pierrv Bottitmio 000 

Andrew O. ChatfieM Ona 

Haaen Uooen OOT 

John MrDononi^h Beny - GUT 

Haik H. Dannell - 006 

JanMB H. Baker 006 

Honee B. Strait 008 

JndAOQ Wade Biabop 010 

John L- Mc-Donald CIO 

Tbomaa II. Amutnog Oil 

AaputQs Ani»tn>ii)C Oil 

Mnmn K. ArmalroDtc Oil 

jRmeA IL Wake&eM Oil 

William W»Uae» Htaden Oil 

Ueub«n BnttanL 613 

MicbMl Donn— 612 

Andraw MeOna. 013 

John W. Blakn. 613 

Knate Nelmo .„„ 613 

William K. Denny 013 





Spuiisb ClAimti » 616 

Frmch Cliunis 617 

LDitLsiana in 1711 > 618 

SMUemeot of Marietta, Ohio 018 

Ohio Temtory 619 

Statuses ~ 619 


VisoonAin CoiutitaUotuU Con- 

TUition, 1840 635 

Wtecnmrio Constitatlonal Con- 

TTOtion, lftl7 _ 636 

Soma ReaolntiooB » 627 

Under WliatUoToniDient? 638 

H. B. Sibley Elected Cangn»- 

aioDal Dde^to „ 626 

LOa«ri«8 ™ 629 

■■^nneaota Territoi? Crested.... 639 

"TADd Office »i Stillwater 629 

IlTDIAK Thlmtb 629 

TtcAty with the Sioax (Mendota) 

1805 G29 

Treaty with tba Cbippewu ( Meo- 

doI») 1837 630 

Treaty with the Sionx (Wuh- 

lngton)lKr7 630 

Treaty with the Winnelwfloea 

(WMhington) 1837 631 

l^eaty with the Chipp«waB<Fond 

do Lac) 1347 831 

l'n»ty with the Pillager Band 

(Leech Lake) 1847 632 

Tn*ty with the Sioax (Trsverae 

dei8tottx)1851 633 

TmAj with the Sionx (Mendota) 
1861 ©8 

Treaty with Uio Chippewaa (La 
Point*) 18M 634 

Treaty with the Pilla«ci» (Wash- 
ington) 18I5& 634 

Treatj- with the Chippewoe ( Bed 

lAkB River) 1863 „ 634 

Oen. Pike akd the Indiahs... 636 

Treaty oftftOS 638 

rike'a Address to the Ooauoil 636 

Details of Treaty > 686 

Pike Hospitably Entertained.. 637 
Unitki) Stateb Sdbveys Tie Tna 


l-IfftablishmeDt of Load Offices.. . 838 
EKlablifthtuont ol' the Present 

SysUfin of Surveys 838 

The Firat Surveyor Oeoeral'a 

OSice at Maiietta, 638 

nKiTRD States Land Offices 


Lint of Rc^>iteni and Recelven, 

Wisoonsin 639 

Finit ijitriee 640 

Firat Aoctlou Sale of Land 641 

Li«t of Hegistere and ICeceiren, 

Minnesota 641 

Liatof WiMODsin Territorial and 
State Olfioen, Govemon, Ben- 
aton, and UepresentatlTee 

from St. Croix Valley 641 

Legislatire Uepreeentfltion. _ 642 

Fixat and Second Constitutionat 

OoDTentioni 643 

GoTernon of Winconain 643 

United States Seuaton 643 

United Statei Kepreeentatives... 644 
Diatrict JudgM „ 644 



Kt»te LegiaUtara 644 

List of MinQMoU Territorial 

uid fltaU OfficeiB 047 

Ceonis of tb« Territory in 1849. 647 

Flist Territorial Legislatare 6iS 

Pint Prohibition Law 649 

Coiutitntional Conrention........ 649 

Lilt ofStatoOfficeiB and Judicial 649 
Senatori and Representatives.... 660 

Hinneaota 8tat« Leglalataiee.... 661 

Ooiwtit&tional CooTeatloQ of 

laST 6&4 

DiriaioD of OoDTeDtioD 6S6 

Uoion of Oonventloiu on a Oon- 

Btltntion eSd 

Have We a Oonatitntion 656 

Flnt HinnnoU Stata L^la- 

tore „ «57 

Ptoteate Agaiiut I.«gislation ft&7 

Fire Million BiU PaHad and 

Adopted - 657 

State Seal Adopted 8S8 

Btate Seal Dtaign - «5» 

Adjoomed.SemioDof Leglalatnre 680 
ProtMt* Against Reoogninng 

Got. Uedai7 „ 660 

RaportA on Protaata _ OSl 

LandGranta — Railroad Snrreys 

and Cooatmetion 66fi 

NoTtbem Pacific Railroad- - 66S 

CUcago, St. Paal, UinneapolJa 

^ Omaha KailfTMd flflT 

St Paal A Dnlath Railroad W8 

If inseaoU A Manitoba Railrtwd 669 
BtUlwater, White Bear A SL 

Pan! Railroad - 070 

St. Paol. Stlllwat« & Tk^lor'a 

Palla Railnwd 671 

Wisconnn Central Railroad 671 

Ti^Ior't Palb A Lake Sopenor 

RailnMid - fl7> 

Ctiic9«o. Hilwankee A St Paul 

Railroad - 9n 

A Memorial for " Soo " Railroad 673 
Orfaolaation of Uinueapolia, 

teoU Bte. Uarie & AtlaaUc 

BaOtowl 674 

Mileage of Railroads Centxing 

in St Paul and Minneapolia... 67S 
Chicago, Burlington A Northern 

Railroad 676 

CongrtMional Appropriationa.... 676 

Inland Narigatioa 676 

Oaorge R. Stonta oo Lake So- 

perior and St Croix Canal-... 680 
WaterwafH ConTentioD, 1686.... 683 
E. W. Barant'aValaableStetia- 

Ua „ _ 683 

Reeolntioa Air 8t Crcox and Sa- 

perior Canal 685 

Eazlr Steamboat yarigation.... 686 

Steamboat AcoomniodatiODB 687 

Pirat MtsianpiH Steamboat Of- 

ficeiH 6d9 

Fizat HiwMippi Steamboat Or- 
ganizations 689 

Liat of Sl«tunboata..„ 600 

Later Narigatioa on Northweat 

RiTeia _ ffOl 

fiieamboating on the St Croix... 693 

Ice Boata „ 683 

James W. Mollen's Beminia- 

cenoea, 1846 694 

St Croix Boom Company 696 

BnrreyoTi General of Lo^ 694 

Oqpmintion _ 696 

OonSict OTer State BoondaiT 6S7 

Langnage of Loga AM 

Logi Cat from 1837 to 1886 700 

Chartered Dania. 701 

Lumbering and Lsmbermeo in 

l»t5 70a 

Latnbering and Lambermen in 

1887 706 

St Croix Dalles Log Jams 706 

Population of Northwest Tani- 

toryin 1790 708 

Population of WiacoMJn Tesri* 

toiyin 1836 TOO 

Subeequmt Ceoraa. 709 

Population of Minneaota in 1849 709 
Minnesota SUte Oapitol 710 


Baxniog of State Hoqh Til 

8«Ildrii Yiilton 712 

C^dotM* 71S 

lanti ud ChiMgo CydoD*. 713 

0»ttiv* OiDTo ud lAke Elmo 

Prclone 715 

WaBtdngtoQ Const j and Winoon- 

ric Cyclone 717 

Bt Cloud and Sank Raptdi Py- 

done 718 

Carions Lightning Freaka. 7S1 

AaUticCholernODthoRoyalArch 731 
Fint Decree of Hinneaota Citi- 

aanaUp 728 

btamfttUMial Hotel, SL Panl, 

Boznad 723 

Owrtwppaw,,- 723 

Aadant Xoonds. 7S4 

Xjdie Itaaca, Schoolcr&ft; and 

BontweU Form the Nam« 

Itasca. Deacription of Itasca... 726 

Elk and Bootwell Lakw 727 

Opt. Olailer'B PalM Claim 727 

Copper Mining on St. Croix 728 

Ber. JoUiu 8. Webber; Reminls- 
cencea. — 728 

Judge Hamlin — Amosiog Inci- 
dent. 730 

Minneaota Old Settlers Absoc1»* 
tdoD - 731 

St. Croix Valley Old SetUeis 
Aaaociation 740 

Newspaper Hiatoiy 741 

Gen. Boott, Ui^. Anderson, and 
Jeff. Darls... 752 

Jeff. Davis' liarriage at Fort 
Crowford 753 

Dred 8eott at Fort Snelling 754 

Incidents in DredSoott'sHistory 756 

Old BeUond Deecendanta. 757 


MiUtAiy History of the Bebal- 
Uon, ISei tolB65 „ 750 

OoT. Alex. Rams^'a Addr«« to 
Loyal L«gion _ 709 

Tbirty-eigbtb and Thirty-ninth 
l/egislatire Sessions of Wis- 
ooDsin » 769 


Chapter II, page 32, read Stillwater and St Croix County, 
instead of Connties. 

Page 140, read Cyras G. Bradley, instead of Cyras Q. 

Page 166, read Philip B. Jewell, instead of Philip P. 

Fa^ 422, read Clifford A. Bennett, instead of Clifton. 

Page 432, read Stearns, Anoka and Sherbarne Connties, in- 
stead of Steams, Anoka and Morrison Connties. 

Page 420, read Bdmnnd J. Bntts, instead of Edward J. Bntts. 


'.POINU Wkst. — In June, IS.%, Tagain visited the P«nol>scot tn 
qOest of employment, in which I was nnaucoesHfnl. At Still- 
water, at>ovc- Bangor, 1 met my kind friend Simeon Goodrich, 
nlw) out of employment. After mature deliberation we con- 
cluiiud to go Wrst. Returning to Bloomfield, I collected the 
moDL-y held for me by Capt. Rucl WoHtou and was soon Id 
readioesfi for the journey. But a few days before the time agreed 
open for leaving, I received a letter from Simeon Goodrich, 
which containtMl the uuplea^^ant information that he could not 
collect the amount due him aud could not go with mc Truly 
Xhis was ii. di»ap|)ointment. T vfon obliged to set out alone, no 
light UDdertaking at that early day, for as yet there wer^ no 
long linos of railroad between Maine and the Mississippi river. 
The day at la«t arrived for me to start. My oompanioiis and 
«cqaainUuic«e chaffed me an to the perils of the journey before 
me. My mother gave me her parting words. *' William, always 
respect' yourself in order to be respected." These words, ac- 
oompanied with her iarewell kiss, were long remembered, and^ 
1 doubt uot. often kept me from evil aSKOciatioits. 

The htitge look us directly to the stesimtwat at Gardiner. The 
8t«Am was up aud the boat was soon under way. It was 
the New Kngtand, the iirst boat of the kind I had ever seen. 
I felt strangely unfamiliar with the ways of the traveling 
world, but observed what othei-s did, and asked no questions, 
and so fancied that my ignoi-unce of traveling cuHloins would not 
hv I'xiwsed. It was sunset, as we ftoated out into the wide cx- 
paiiM; of lh<^ Alluritic. The western horizon was tinged with 
fier>* hues, the shun» grow fainter and receded from view and 
the eye onnUl rest at last only upon the watery expaikse. All 




things seemed new and strange. Next morning a heavy fog 
hung over the 8<*ne. The vetsecl was at aochor in Boston harbor 
and we were soon on shore and threading the crookud sireebt of 
the capital of Jlassachasc^-ttsi. I was not lost in thf wilderness 
maze of streets, as I had feared I shuuld be^ but on leaving Bor- 
tou on the evening train I took the wrong car and found my.ielf 
nncomfortahly ^silaated in n second or third class car, crowded 
and reeking with vile odors, from which the eoudnctor rt*cued 
me, taking me to the pleasant aud elegant car to which my first 
class ticket entitled me. On arriving at Providence I followed 
the crowd to the lauding and embarked on the Kteamer Presi- 
dent for New York, in which city we remained a day, stopping 
at the City Hotel on Broadway. I was gresitly impressed with 
the beanty of part of the city, and the desolate appearance of the 
Bnmt District, eouoeraing the bnrning of which we had read in 
our winter camp. I was not a little puzzled with the arrauge- 
ment of the hotel tables and the printed bills of fare, but closely 
watched the deportment of others and came throngh without 
any serious or mortifying blnndvr. Next morning I leA. New 
York on the steamer Robert L. Stevens for Albany, and on the 
evening of the same day went to Schenectady by luilroad. 
Borne of the way cars were hauled by horses np bills and inclined 
planes. There were tlieu only three short linnt of railroad in 
the I'nited Statws and I had travelc*! on two of them. At Sche- 
nectady I took passage on a canal Itoat to Bntfalo. I had read 
at>oat **De Witt Clinton-s Ditch," and now greatly enjoyed the 
slow but safe passage it affortled, and the rich prospect of cities, 
villages aud cultivate*! tieUl.s through wbicii we passed. At 
Buffalo we remained but one day. We there exchanged eastern 
paper for western, the former not being current in localities 
further west. At BulTalo I caught my fii-st glimpse of hake Erie. 
I stood upon a projecting pier and recalled, in imagination, the 
bnre Commodore Perry, gallantly defending his country's flag 
in one of the most brilliant engagements nf the war, the fame 
whereof had long been familiar to the whole country and the 
thrilling IncidentA of which were the theme of story and song 
even in tho wibleru(«s camps of Maine. 

The steamer OliVfir Newberry bore me from Buffalo to Detroit. 
From Detroit to Mt. Clemens, Slicliigan, I went by stage and 
stopped at the la«t named place until October 14th, when, being 


, «atiA6e(l that the climate was utiheaU-hy, fevor and agup l»ing 
very prevalent, I rcturni:d to Detroit^ and on the fifteenth of the 
•amc month took passoi^e on the brig Indiana, as Bteamer^ bad 
qaic running for the season. The brig was aground two diiys 
aud nightH on the St. Clair Hats. A south wind gave uh a Kplen- 
did sail up the Detroit river into Lake Huron. We landed for 
» ttburt time at Fort Gratiot, at the outlet of the lake, jiist as the 
sun was fvcttiug. The fort was built of 8toue, and presented au 
impressive appearance. The gaily auiformod officcrn, the bluo- 
ooat«d soldiers, moving with the precision of machines, tlie 
whole scene — the fort, the waving flags, the movement of the 
(ruo[)H seen in the mellow sunset light — was impreswive to one 
who had never looked upon the like Imfore. A favorable breeze 
springing np, we sped gaily out into the blue Lake Huron. At 
Soginav bay the pleasant part of t he voyage ended. The weather 
became rough. A strong gale blew from the bay outward, and 
bafflod all the ctiptain's skill in making the proper direction. 
Profane beyond degree was Capt. McKeJizie, bat his free-flow- 
ing curses availed him nothing. The brig at one time was so 
nearly cap<(ized that her deck load had rolled to one side and 
held her in au inclined position. The captain ordered most of 
the deck load, which cunsLsled chiefly of Chicago liquors, thrown 
OT«rboard. Unfortnnately, several barrels were saved, two of 
which stood on deck, with open heails. This liqnor was free to 
all. The vessel, lightened of a great part of her load, no longer 
CAreened, but stood steady iigainst the waves and before the 
wind. It is a pity that the same could not be said of captain, 
crew and paaseugers, who henceforth did the careening. They 
dipped the liquor up In pails and drank it out of handled dip- 
pers. They got ingloriously drunk; they rulle<l unsteailily across 
the deck; they quarreled, they fought, they iMihaved like Bed- 
lamites, and how near shipwreck was the gootlly brig from that 
day's drunken debanch on Chicago free liquor will never be 
kuowiL The vessel toiled, the men wore incapacitated for work, 
but notwithstanding the tcmpc»t of profanity and the high 
wintls, the wrangling of crew and captain, we at hist passed 
Sa^naw l»ay. The winds were more favorable. Thence to Macki- 
naw the Kky wan clear and bright, the air cold. The night be- 
fore reaching Mackinaw an annsuat disturbance occurred above 
retalting from the abundance of free liquor. The cook, being 


drank, had not prorided the usnal midnijtht sapper for the sail- 
ors. The key of the caboose was lost; the caboose was broken 
opeo, and the mate in the morning was eiuolatiug the captain in 
the use of profane words. The negro cook answered in the same 
style, being as drunk as his superior. Thia cook was a .stoat, 
well built man, witti a forbidding conntenanoa and, at his best, 
when sMiljer, was » saucj-, ill-Oiitured and impertinent fellow. 
When threat after threat had been hurled back and forth, the 
DCgro jumped at the mate and knocked him down. The sailors, 
a» by a common impetus, seized the negro, bound him tiRhtly 
and lashed him to a capstan. On searching him they found two 
loaded pLstoIs. These the mate placed close to each ear of the 
bound man. and fired them off. They nest whipped him on the 
naked bsick with a rope. His trunk was then examined and 
sereral parcels of poison were found. Another whipping was 
admintstere4l, and this time the shrieks and groans of the victim 
were piteous. Before he had not even winced. The monster 
had prepared himself to deal death alike to crew and passengers, 
and we all feJt a great sense of relief when Q»pt. &(cKenzie de- 
livered him to the authorities at 3tlackiaaw. 

Antinae Mackinaw was a French and h;ilf breed town. The 
hoases were bailt of logs and had steep roofs. Trading posts 
and whisky shops wore well barred. The government fort, 
neatly built and trim, towered up above the lake on a rocky 
clifT aud overlooked the town, the whole forming a picturesque 
scxme. We r^maiued but a few hoars at Mackinaw. There 
were ten cabin iKisReugrn*. ami theRp, with two exceptions, had 
Imbibed freely of the Chicago free liquor. They were also eon- 
tinnally gambling. C^pt. McKeazie had fought a fist fight with 
a dea<lhead passenger, C»pt. Fox. bmising him tmdly. What 
with hh violence and profanity, the brutality of the mate and 
the drnnken reveling of crew and passengers, the two sober 
passengers bad but a sorry time, bnt Uic safe old brig, bndly 
officered, badly maiuige<I. h«-ld sl^atlily ou its course, and Oc- 
tober .'toth. fift4M>nditys frDm IK>t mil. safely landed mt in Chicago. 

After beiiig sn long ou the ilock of a l«ie»ting ve«eel, 1 experi- 
enced a stmng? sentsnttun wht<n rtrst on shore. I hiul become 
ftCOQsXHned to the motion nf tht* vi-ssfl, and luwl mouageil to 
boM myself steady. On ahor*' the pitching and tossing luove- 
loent scented) to contiouo, only it seeniml tFansferretl to my head, 


which grew di7.7.y, and bo prodnced llie illusion that I wasstil] 
trying to balance myself oii thf unsteiuly deck of the ship. 

Cbiciigo, since become a great city, had at that time the ap- 
pearance of an iwitive, growing village. Thence I p.rocoeded, 
November 1st and 2d, by sU^o to Milwaukee, which appeared 
also as a village, but somevphat overgrown. Idle men were 
ntimuroas, hundreds not being able to obtain employmeuL Here 
I remained a couple of weeks, slopping at the Relleview House. 
After which I chopped wood a few days for Daniel Wells. Not 
finding snitable employment, I started west with a Mr. Kogers, 
December 2d. There t>eiTig no other means of conveyance, we 
traveled on foot. On the evening of the second we stopjwd at 
Pmiric Village, uow known iis AVaykesha. On the evening of 
the third we stopped at Meacham'a Prairie, and on the fift,h 
read]e<l Rock River, where I stopped with a Mr. St. John. The 
evening following we stoppwl at an Irish Iioush, where t)te snr- 
roDndings did not conduce to comfort or to a feeling of security. 
Several drunken men kept up a continuous row. We hid onr 
tnouey in a hayst4ick, and took our turn sleeping and keeping 
vatch. Wo ate au early breakftist. and were glad to get away 
before the men who had created such a disturbance during the 
uight were up. We moved onward on the seventh to Blue 
Hound, where we found a cheerful resting place at Brigbam'a. 
The eighth brought us to Dodgeville. where westopped at Mor- 
rison's. On the ninth we reached Minttral Point, the luiuility 
of the Iraid mine«, where I afterward lost much time in proB- 
pecting. Mineral Point was then a rude mining town. The 
night of our arrival was one of excitement and hilarity in the 
place. The first legislature of the territory of Wisconsin had 
been in session at Belmont^ near Mineral Point, had organized 
the new government and closed its session on that day. To cele- 
brate this ev€mt and their emancipation from the government of 
HichigHU and thn locution of Ihe capital at Madison, the people 
from the Point, and all the region round about, had met and 
prepared a banquet for the retiring members of the legislature. 
Bladison wna at that time a paper town, in the wilderueas, but 
beaulifally located on Cat Fish lake, and at the head of Rock 
river. The location had been aeeoniplished by legislative tact, 
anil a compromise between the extremes. In view of the almost 
•certain division of the Territory, with the Mississippi river as a 



bonndar^T. at no very distant day. It wa^ agreed that Madison 
should bo tbf perinanuut capital, while Burliugtou, uow iu Iowa, 
should he used tempumrily. Milwaukee aud Gnx^n Bay had 
Iwth uHpired to the honor of being chtistm as (he seat of govern- 
ment. >rinenil Point, with Iut rich mines, had also aspinitiona^ 
as bad Ca^sville, which latter named Tillage had even bnilt a 
great hotel for the aeeommodation of the members of the ns- 
sembly. Dubuque put in a claim, but all iu vain. Madison 
was chosi'n, and wicit-ly. and she has ever mnoe succeeded lo 
maintaining the supremacy then tbrnst upon her. 

In my boyhood, at achool, I had read of the great Northwest 
Territory. It -seemed to me then far away, at the world's end, 
bnt I had positively t^>ld my comrades that I should one day go 
there. I fonnd myself at last on tlie soil, aud at a period or» 
important in its history. The gi-eat Northwest Territory, ceded 
by Virginia to the Tnited Strtt4:s in 1787, w^ no more. The im- 
mense territory had been carved and sliced into stat«s and tor- 
ritorit>& and now the last remaining fnigment, under the n»me 
of \Vi.Hcousiu. had assumed territorial prerogatives, orgautzed ita 
government, and, with direi^ reference to a future diviaion of 
territory, had selected its future capital, for as yet, except ia 
mime, Madison was not- In assuming territorial powers, the 
boundaries had been eulargedtM) an to include part of NewLouiai- 
ana. and the first legislature had virtually bart«red away this 
part of her domain, .of which Burlington, temporary capital of 
Wisconsin, was to be the fiitnre capital. 

Two more days of foot plodding brought us to Galena, the city 
of lead. The greeting ou oar centering the city was the ringing 
of bells, the clatteriug uf tin pans, the t-ooting of ox horus, 
Bounds eartUIy aud unearthly. — sounds no man can di«cril>e. 
What could it bet Was it for the benefit of two humbh^v footsore 
pedeiil riaus th:it all this uproiir wa;* prwluctslt We gave it np for 
the time, but learned HulMequeiitly that it watt what is known as 
a chari^'ari, an unmosioal aud disorderly serenade^ generally 
gotten up for the benefit of some newly married couple, wboee 
nuptials had nut met with popular approval. 

At Galeua I part«1 with Mr Kogvrs. my traveling companion, 
who weut south. On the fiftcfUth of DMwnber I traveled lo 
I)nhu<)ue ou foot. When I came to the MiasiSKippi river I sat 
down on its bauks and recalleit thv* hamonms description of old 


Mr. Carson, my neighbor, to which I had liKtened wontleringly 
when A small t»y. "Ifc was,'' he said, '*a river so wide you 
could scart'^ly see ucnxss it. The hirtles in it were big jls barn 
doors, and their tshelLs would make good ferryboats if they coald 
only be Kept above wa'or." Sore enough, here was the big river, 
but coviTt^d with ioe. scarcely saft: to veuture ou. Several per- 
sous desiring tu rruss, we miidt; a portable bridge of bwirds, 
Aliding them along with na till we were safe on the opposite 
hsuik. I was now at the end of ray journey, ou the west bank of 
the Mlttsisnippi, Ix-youd which stretched a vast and but little 
known region, inhabited by Indians aud wild bcststs. 

As I review the incidents of my journey in 1836, 1 can not but 
contrast tin; coudilious uf that era and the present- How gnat 
Uieehaiige in halfa cf<ntnry! The journey then required thirty 
days. It now requires but three. I had passed over but two 
short lines of railroad, aud had made the jouruey by canal boat, 
by steamer, by stage, and a large portion of it on foot. There 
were few regularly established lines of ti-avcl. From Michigan 
to the Mississippi there were no stages nor were there any regu- 
hir southern routes. Travelers to the centre of the cx>ntineut> in 
those days, came either by the water route, via New Orleans or 
the Fox aud Wisconsin river route-, or followed Indian trails or 
bla^Ml lines from one settlement to another. The homes of the 
aettlers were rude — were built principally of logs. In forest 
regions the farms consisted of clearings or square patches nf open 
ground, well dotted with stumps and surronnded by a dense 
growth of timber. The prairies, except arooud the miu-gins or 
along certain lieltfi of timber following the course of streams, 
were with<iut inhabitants. Hotels were few and far betw«;eM, aud, 
when found, not much superior to the *Mliin8 of the settlers; but 
the traveler was always and at all places hospitably entertained. 


Dubuque was a town of abuub three hundred inhabitants, at- 
Iracteil thither by the lead mines. The peoj)le were principally 
of the mining class. The prevailing elements amongst them 
wore C-atholic and Orange Irish. These two parties were antago- 
nistic and would quarrel ou the streeus or wherever brought in 
contact. Sundays were especially days of strife, and Main 



Street was generftlly the field of combat. Women e%'cn partici- 
pated. There was no law. there were no police to enforce order. 
Thp fight Wfiiton,the p:ir(iripant.'* pulling hair, gouging, biting, 
pnninieling with fists or pounding with sticks, till one or the 
other party was victorioos. These combats were also accom- 
panied with volleys of profanity, and unlimited supplies of Imd 
whisky served as foel to the flnme of discord. Dnbu(|ue was 
certainly the worst town in the West, and, in a soiall way. the 
worst in the whole country. The entire country west of the 
Mi^u«ippi was without law, the government of Wisoonsin Ter- 
ritory not yet being extended to it. Jnatioe, such as it was, 
was administered by Judge Lynch and the mob. 

My first employment was working a hand furnace for smelting 
lead ore for a named Kelly, a miner and a miser. He lived 
alone in a miserable hovel, and on the soaatiesc fare. In Jann- 
ary I contracted to deliver fifty cords of wood at Frice^s brick- 
yard. I cut the wood from the island in front of the present 
city of Dubaqne, and hired a team to deliver it. 

While in Dobuqne I received my first letter frum home in 
sevtm months. What a relief it vrnA, after a period of long sua- 
pense, spent in tediously truveltng over an almost wilderness 
country, — amidst unpleasant surroundings, amongst strangers, 
many of them of the b:iser sort, drtukiug, card playing, gambling 
and quarreling. — what u relief it was to re<vive a letter from 
home with aHsu ranees of affectionate regard from those I most 

Truly the lines had not fallen to me in pleasant places, and I 
was sometimes expose*! to perils from the lawless charaoters by 
whom I was sarronndeil. On one occasion a dissolote and des- 
perate miner, nameti Gilbert, came to Cannon's hotel, which was 
my boarding house 'njiile in Dnbuqne. He usnally came over 
IVom the east side of the ri^er unce a week for a sprcv. On this 
oocasiou. being very drank, be was more than usu dly offeu&ive 
and commenced abusing Cunuoti. the landlord, applying to him 
some oontemplnouH epithet. I thoughtlessly remarked tu Can- 
non, "You have a new name," upon whirh Gilbert cooktHl his 
pi><>tnl and aiming at me was abont to fire when Oinnon, qnick 
as thoaght> struck tU his arm and so Uestroyetl his aim that the 
bnllet went over my head. The reiwrt of the pistol brought 
other!^ to Che room and a general uielee eiLsnetl in which the bar 



demolished, the stove broken anti Gilbert nntnereiftiUy 
vUpped. Gilbert wujs nllcrward shot in a drnnkeii brnwl. 

I formed some geuial aoqimiutartces id Dubuque^ aiuougst 
tfaem Gru. Bouth, Mrssrs. Browocll, W^'ilson aud oIUits, since 
well known in tin* liisti>ry of the country. Price, the wood con- 
tractor, nrver paid me for my work. I inv&iteti what moni^y I 
liad left for lots in Madison, all of whieh I lont, and had, in ad- 
dition, to pay a note I bud given on th>* lot.-4. 

On Februury llth I went to Cissville, joarneying thither on 
the ice. This villiige had flourished greatly, in the expectation of 
becoming the territurial and state capital, expectations doomed, 
as we have seen, to dis^ippointment. It is romantically situated 
amidt^l pictiinjsqne blntt'tj, some of whieh tower idoft like the walls 
and tnrretM of an ancient casilo, a characteristic that attaches 
to moch of the blaff scenery along this point'. 


1 reached this old French town on the twelfth of February. 
The town and settlement a<ljacent extended over a prairie nine 
miles long, and from one to two miles broad, a beantiful plateau 
of land, somewhat sandy, but for many years abundantly pro- 
dactivc furnishing supplici^ to traders and to the military post 
«filat<tishe<I there. It also furnished two cargoes of grain to be 
nsed OS seed by the starving Ht^ttltunent at Selkirk, which were 
conveyed thither by way of the Misslssiijpi, St. Peter and Red 
rivers. The earliest authentic mention of the place refers to the 
establishment of a jiost called St. Nicholas, on the east bank 
of the Mississippi, at the month of the Wisconsin, by Gov. De 
La BaiTC. who, in 1683, sent Xicboias Perrot with a garrison of 
tirenty men to hold the post. The first official document laying 
claim to the country on the TT|)per Mi.HsiHsippi, issued in l(iS9,' 
has mention of the fort. This document we transcrilK* entire: 

"Nicholas Perrot, commanding for the king, at the post of 
the Nadoneasioax, commissioned by the Marquis Denonville, 
governor and lieutenant governor of all New France, to man- 
a^ the interests of commerce amongst the Indian tril>cs and 
people of the Bay des Pnauts (Oreen Bay), Nadouessioux (Da- 
kMlaliK). Maseontius, aud other western iialiuns of the Upper 
Mbisi»sippi, and to take possession in the king's name of all the 
placfw where he has heretofore been, and whither he will go. 



"We, this day, the eighth of May, one tbooAand six hundred 
and eighty-nine, do, in the presence of the Reverend Fiither 
Marest, of the Society of Jesus, missionary among the Xa- 
douessioax; of Monsienr de Boriegaillot (or Boisguillot), com- 
manding the French in the nlighborhood of the Oaiskonehe 
CSViseonsiu), ou the Mississippi; Aogostin Lc Gardenr, ^^i-, 
Sieur dc C.tarnont, and of Messeurs Le Suenr, llibertf Lemire 
and BU-iu: 

"Declare to alt whom it may concern, that,, being come from 
the Bay des PiiaulH, and to the lake of the Ouiskoucbcs. aud to 
rivpr I^riKsiHsippi, we did transport onrselves to the country of 
the Xatlouessionx. on the Iwrder of the river 8L. Croix, and at 
the month of the river St. Pierre (Minnesota), on the bank of 
which were the Mantantans; and fnrther np to the interior to 
the noitheast of the 5Iississippi. as far as the Mcnchokatonx, 
with whom dwell the majority of the Songeskiteos, and other 
Nadoiies&iuux, who are to the northeast of the Mt.s$i^ippi, to 
take p4is8et«ion for. and in the name of, the king of the i-ountries 
anil rivers inhubit^Hl by the sjiid tribes, aud of whieii they are 
proprietors. The present act done in our presence, signed with 
our hand and subscribed.'' 

Then fuUow the names of the persous mentioned. The docu- 
ment was drawn up at Oreeu Bay. 

There is little doubt- that this post was held continuously by 
tiie French as a military post nntil lfR>f>. when the Frnuch 
authorities at Quebec witlidrew all their troops from Wisconsin, 
and as a trader's post or settlement, until the surrender in ITG^i 
(o the British of all French claims east of the Mississippi. It 
was probably garrisoned near the close of the latter period. It 
remaiueil in the possession of the French some time, as the Eng- 
lish, thinking it impossible to compete for the commerce of the 
ludiau tril^w with the French traders who had intermarried 
with them, and so aniuiiiHl great influence, did not take actual 
pOBSOBioD until many yrara lat«r. 

The post is oooasfonally nifutioniHl by lht» early rojragears, 
and the prairie which it cnmmandeil was known as the *' Prairie 
du Cliien.** or praire of the dog, as early as 1763, and isao men- 
liODed by Oarrer. It w»s not formally taken poesessioQ of by 
the irail«d Statea antil 1814, when Gov. Clarke with two boudred 
BMD came up Aram SL Loois to Prairie du Chien, then under 



English ralo. to bnild » fort and protect Amorican iuten^ttn at 
Uif village. At that time there were iil>out tifly families, 
dt^iHcendeil chiefly from the old French t^lilere. These were «n- 
ga^(Ml rhietly in fnrmiti);, owuiii^a (Himmon R<^! fonr miles long 
bjm b»lf mile wIiIb. Tlwy had oiit«i(ie of this three Keparate 
fiu'iOK and twelve hoi-se mills to mannfiicture their produce. The 
fort, held by n few British troofw under Capt. Dcacf\sarrendered 
without resistrtiiee, but soon aflt>r the British traders at Macki* 
n&w w.ut an expedition under Joe Kotette, Sr., to reoaptare the 
post, which they did after a aiege of thrwi days, the defenders 
being nllowiHl to withdniw with their private pmperty on 
parole. They were followed by the Indians as far as Bock Is- 
SmhL Meanwhile, Lieut. Campbell, with rcinforocmcnt^ on his 
way from St. Louis, was attacked, part were captured and the 
rMiLunder of hi.s troope driven back to St. Louis. Late in 1SL4 
Haj. Zachary Taylor proceeded with gunboats to chastize the 
ludiaos for their attack on Campbell, hut was himHetf met and 
driven lKi(!k. The following year, on the declaration of peace be- 
tween Great Hritain and America, the post at Prairie da Chien 
was evacuated. The garrison tire<l the fort a» they withdrew 
from it. 

The fort erected by the Americans nnder Oen. Clarke in 1811 
WW called Fort Shelby. The British, on capturing it, changed 
th»* name to Fort McKay. The Americins, on iiKstiming posses- 
Kiori and rebuilding it, named it Fort Cmwford. It stood on the 
bank of the river at the north end of St. Friole, the old French 
V illuge occupiet^I in 1876 by the Dousiuans. In 18.33 the new 
i'"ii Crawfurd was built on an elevated Hite about midway in the 
prairitt. It waa a fttrong military poHt and was commanded at 
t!ii-. lime by Oen. Zachary Taylor. Many ofQcers, who subse- 
.i:i> ;irly won distinction in the Florida Indian, Mexican, and 
late Civil War, werestatione*! herefrom time to time. WIthinft 
time included in my own reeollections of the post, Jeflerson 
DaviA .'Spirited away the daughter of his ooniniauding officer, 
Gdi. Taylor, and married her, the ** rough and i-eady" genera) 
in>ing averse to the match. 

Prairip Ou Chien derived its name from a French family 
known as du Chien, in EngliHh "The Dog." By Ibis name the 
Praine was known long prior to the establishment of the French 
Ktockftde and post. By that name it has l>oon known and rceog- 



nized ever since. It has been successively DiidertliB French, 
Blnglish and Unilfd Slatcj* govfruuientti, and lying originally in 
the great Northwestern Territory, in the siib^eqoent divittions of 
that immense doRiaiu. it has heen inelnded within the bonods of 
the territories of Ohio, Indiana, [llinois, Michigan, and Wisoou- 
siD. Gov. Wm. H. IlarriBoli, of Indiana Territoi?, recognized 
Prairie da Chien by issuing ooromissions to Henry M. Fisher and 

Campbell as justices of the pence^ the first civil cummis- 

sion-s i.ssued for the Auierituiu guvernuienl in the entire district 
of conntry inclmling West Wisconsin and Minnesota east of the 
Mississippi. I*rior to this time, about 1819, the inhabitants had 
been chietiy under military role. In 1819 the county of Craw- 
ford was organized as a part of 3£ichigau Territory, and blank 
eommissioQS were issued to Nicholas Boilvin, Esq., with author- 
ity to appoint and install the officers of the new county guveru- 
ment. Gov. L»wiH Oass established by proclam:itiuu the eounty 
seat at Prairie da Chien, and John W. Johnson was installed as 
chief justice of the eonnty conrt. The entire corps of ofHcera 
were qnalitiei). In January. 1823, Congress passed an act pro- 
viding for circuit courts in the counties west and north of Lake 
Michigan, and Jam«s Uuaue Doty watt appointed judge for the 
district composed of Brown, Mackinaw and Crawford counties, 
and a Hay term was held in Prairie da Chien the some year. 

IXDIAK Tboubleb. — There were some lodian troubles, an ac- 
count of which is given in the biographical sketch of J. H. Lock- 
wood. There were other incidents which may be worthy of 
separate mention. In 1827 an entire &mily, named Methode^ 
were munlered. as is snpposecl, by tlie Indians, though the mur- 
derers were never identified. The great incentive to violenoe and 
rapine with the Indiatis was whisky. An intelligent Winne- 
bago, aged about sixty years, told me that **pflgaDini," "fire- 
water" (whisky), was killing the great majority of his people, 
and making fools and crippk«of th*^c that were left; that before 
the pale fnoes came to the big river his i>eople were good hnut< 
era and had plenty to eat; that now tht>y wi<re dninkfu. lazy and 
hungry; that thfv once wore elk or deer skins, that now they 
were clad in blankets or went naked. This Indian I had never 
«een drank. The Amerioan Far Company bod hats or open 
boesca where the Indiana mig^t driak and revet 

At an ladiau ptkymenl a yoang, smait looking Indian got 



ik and iu a qaarrel killed his untiigonist. The friends of the 
lered Indian held a council and determined that the mur- 
derer shonld have an opportunity of running for his lift*. The 
friends of the murdered Indian formed in ii lim;, :il. ilie head 
of which w:i8 stJitiontMl the brotht*r of the dfud man, who was to 
leful in the purriuit. At a signal the bands of the prisoner were 
cut, and with u demoniaeal yell he bounded forward, the entire 
liue in swin and furious pursuit. Should he outrun hin pur- 
naers, he would l>e free; should tfaey overtake and capture him, 
they were to determine the mode of his death. He rau ueiirly a 
ruil*^ when he tripped and fell. Tli*' brother of th« deiul Indian, 
beading the pursuit, pounced upon him and in»tantly kilted him 
with a knife. 

Considering the fact that the Indians were gathered together 
under the giins of a United States fort^ and nutler the pro- 
tection of a law expressly forbidding the sale of intoxicating 
liquors to them, the people of the United Htatcs were certainly 
justified iu expecting better reaults, not only in regard to the 
pratectiou of the froulier settlers but fur that of the IndiauH 
them»elveM. All {;ame to naught because of the non-enforcement 
of law. Li(]Uors weix' shamelefisly sold to thf Indians and they 
were ent«urage<l to druuken revelry and orgies by the very men 
who should have protei'ted and restrained them. 

The prosperity of Prairie du Chi«'n depended upon the Indian 
trade, and upon government contracts which the presence of a 
military force rendered necessary. The Indians gathered here 
ID great nurabens. 

Here the NVinuebagoes, part of the Menomonies aud some 
Cliippewas received their annuities, and<here centred also au 
iinmeuse trade fi-om the American Fur Company, the depot 
beiug a largH ntonc building on the banks of the Mississippi, 
under the charge of Hercules Donsman. 


Two discbargutl soldiers (Thonipsou and Rvaus) living at 
Fiilrli Oniv'^ thirteen mUes away, visited the fort often. On a 
morning alter one of their visits a soldier on gnard noticed a 
heap of fre«h earth near the m.agazine. An alarm was given, an 
e^iuiinntinn made, aud it was found that the magazine hod K*eit 
luirst open with bars and sledge hummers, cntninoe having been 



obtaioed by digging ander Mie comer picket. Three kegs of 
^ver, each contaiuiDg ^5,000, were missing. The kegs bad 
been passed through the excavatioti nnderneath the picket. 
One keg had barst open near the picket, and the silrer was 
fouud buried in the saud. The second keg burst on the bank of 
the Mia»i!wippi. and all the money was fouud buried there ex- 
cept about six hundre<l dollars. The thinl keg was found months 
after by John Brinkman, in the bottom of the river, two inil«B 
below the fort. He was spearing fish by torchlight, when he 
obauced to find the keg. The keg he delivered at the fort and 
received a small reward. On opening the keg it was found to 
contain coin of a ditfereut kind from that advertised aa stolen. 
Briukman, however, *niade no claims' on account of errors. 
Thompson, Erans, and a man namtnl Shields were arrested by 
the ciiil antboritic« on suspioion; their trial was continued from 
t«rm to term aud they were at last dismissed. One man, who 
had seen the silver in the saud during the day aud gone back at 
night ui fill his pockct^s, was seized by a soldier on guard, im- 
prisoned for a year, aud dischai^^fSd. 


A Frenchman shot and killed a couple of tame geese belonging 
to a neighbor, supiMXUng them to be wild. Discovering his mis- 
take, he brought the geese to the owner, a Dutchman, who flew 
into a great rage, but took the geese aud use<l them fnr his own 
table, in mldition to which he had the goose-killer arrested and 
trietl l>efore Martin Savsll, a Jnstioe of the peace. The defend- 
ant admitt4Ml the killing of the geese, the plaintiff a<lniitted re- 
eeiving them aud using them for food, nevertheless the jostice 
garejndgmentiD favor of plaintiff by the novel ruling that these 
geese, if not killed, would hare laid ^gs and hatched ubout eight 
goslings. The defendant was therefor« fined three dollare for the 
geese killed, and eight dollars for the goslings that might hare 
been luUcfaeil if the gveae had be4>n permitted to live, and costs 
besides. Plaintiff ap{>eale4l to the district coort which reversed 
the decision on the ground that plaintiff had eaten his geese, and 
the goslings, not t>eiug hatrhed, did not exist. Plaintiff paid the 
eosts of the suit, forty nine dollars. n*marking that a Dutchman 
had no chance in thiseountry; that he would go back to Germany. 
The judge remarked thai it would lie the best thing he could do. 




My original plan on leaving Maine was to make a prospect- 
ing tour through the Wtvst and South. I had been in Prairie 
du Cbien for a season, and as soon as my contract to cut hay 
for the fort and my hurvistiug work was done. I starLed, with 
two of my wmirades, in a birch hark canoe for NeM' Orleans. 
This modo of traveling proving hIow and tedions, after two 
days, on our arrival at Dnbnqne, we suld onr canoe and took 
passage on the steamer Smelter for St. Louis, which pluee we 
reached on thescvcnt*renth of October. W'eremaincd five days, 
stopping at the Union Hotel. Bt Louis woa by far the finest 
and largest city I had yet seen in the West. Its levee was 
cn>wded with drays and other vehieles and lined with steamers 
&nd barges. Its general appeanince betokened proHperity. Oa 
the twenty-second, T left on the steamer OiH>rg4^ Collier for New- 
Orleans, but the yellow fever being reported in that city, 1 re- 
mained several days at Baton Konge. On the second of Novem- 
ber I re-emb-arked for New Orleans, where 1 found a lodging at 
the Conti Street Hotel. New Orli*ans was even then a large and 
beautiful city. Its levee and streets were remarkable for their 
cleanness, bnt seemed almost deserted. Owing to a recent visi- 
tation of the yellow fever and the financial crisis of 1837, busi- 
ness was almost suspended. These were hard times in New 
Orleans. Hundreds of men were seeking employment, and many 
of them were without money or friends. It was soon very evi- 
dent to me that T had come to a poor jdaee to better my fortunes. 
Aft«r a thorough canvass, I fonnd but one situation vacant, and 
that was in a drinking saloon, and was not thought of for an 
inst-ant. I remained fiftrcendays, my money gradually diminish- 
ing, when I concluded to try the interior. I took steamer for 
Vicksbnrg, and thence passed up the Yazoo to Manchester, 
vhcre I spent two days In the vain search for employ lueut, 
offering to do any kind of work. I was in the South, wheri^the 
labor was chiefly done by ne^riKvi. I was friendlejis and without 
lett^JB of recommendation, and for a man under sncii circum- 
stanctw to l»e asking for employment was in itself a suspicions 
circumstance. I encountered everywhere coldness and distrnst. 
I retniued to Vicksburg, and, fortunately, hadsti^ enough money 
left to secure a deck passage to the Nuith, but was obliged to 


Fimr YEAB8 

Uvo sparingly, and sleep withont bedding. I kept mysell some- 
wliul aloof from the crew and passengers. The captain and 
clerk cumiueuted on my appearance, and were, aa I learned from 
a conversation that I could not help but overhear, keeping a 
elate eye upuu rue for being su ijuiet and restrained. It was 
trne that the western rivers were infected with desperate vkar- 
acterp, gamblers and thieves sueh »>< the Muriell gang. Might 
I uot be one of them. 1 was truly glad when, on the tidh of 
Deoejuber, we lauded at St. Louis. It seemed nearer my own 
country; but finding uo employment there, I embarked ou the 
steamer Motto for Hennepin, Illinois where I found occasional 
emptuymeut cutting timber. There wa^ much talk here of the 
Murrell gang, then terrorizing the country; and I have good 
reason to believe that aome of them at that lime were in Heune* 
pin. After remaining abont two niontliK, I Icft^ on foot, valise 
in baud or stnippe«l npon my back, with J. Simpson, I'ur Galena, 
vhicb place we reached in four days. Finding here Mr. Put- 
nam, with a team, 1 went up with him ou the ice to Prairie dn 
Cliien, where, after an absence of five months of anxiety, sus- 
pense and positive hardships, I was glad to find myself once 
more among friends. 

Daring the «iummer of 1838 1 culti%*at«d a farm. I had also a 
hay contract for the fort. My partner was James C. Bunker, 1 
bad worked hard and succeeded in raising agood crop, but fonud 
myself iu the fa^l the victim of bilious feTorand ague. luuutin- 
ued CarminfE iu 1339 and furnishing bay totbe furL. but continued 
to 8ufler with chills and fever. Myself and partner were both 
afTecte<1. and at times could M.'aroely take care of ourselve«. Help 
could not lie ubtaintHl, but ague comes so regularly to torture it« 
victims thHt, knowing the exact hour of its approach, we coald 
prepare iu advauco for it, and have our wat4>r, gruel, bonesetaud 
qniaiue remly and within reach. We knew when we would shake, 
but not the degree of fever which would foUow. The delirium 
of yie fnver would fill our mind.s with Strang Ainciee. On one 
ocoMBtou 1 f^onie hnnii' With (he a^e fit upon me, hitched nay 
horaes with wugon iittarhini to a potA and went into the hoaae. 
Banker bad pasM>d tbp shaking slagv, and was delirionsu I 
Ibrvw niy>4ir on thi« Iw^l. and !hi» frvi*r s»>on foltutting. I knew 
n^'lhin;; nil uiurnint;, wh*u I found tht- t^am siill hitdiitl to the 
jHisl. aud. iu ifieir hunger, eiiting it. 



In November of tlii» year I made a somewhat perilous trip 
with team to Fort Winnebago, at the portage of the Fox and 
WiscoDsiD rivers. The weather was cold and the military road, 
much of the distance, covered with suow. There was scarcely a 
trail over the rolling prairie to guide me. Exposure brought 
on the chilU a» I was returning. Fatigned, sick and Huffering, [ 
coiled myself OD the top of the load. The second day, as the sun 
was settiug, I came in sight of Parish's Grove, but the horses 
were unwilling to obey my guidance. Coming to a fork iu the 
road Ihey insisted on going to the right. I pulled them to the 
left. IIa<I I been guided by their "hoi-se uenae" they would 
have brought me in a few moments to the door of Parish's hotel. 
As it was, 1 drove on until far in the night, when we came to a 
steep'hill, two steep for descent in the wagou. 1 unhitched the 
team, loaded them with the portable things in the wagon to keep 
them from the wolves that were howliug aronnd, mount<^ one 
of the hornes and descended the hill and found myself at Parish's 
door, the very place I had been trying to find for a day and a 
night. Lient. Caldwell, quartermaster at Fort Crawford, re- 
ceived the load, and learning something of the perilHof the jour- 
ney, gave me eighty dollars instead of the forty he had promised. 


During the spring and summer of 1819, I fulfilled heavy hay 
and wood contracts for the fort, and In the actumu of that 
year concluded to revisit my early home in Maine. I set 
ont September 23d, and reached Chicago iu seven days, trav- 
eling with a team. I traveled thence; by steamer to Buffalo, by 
CMUl boat to Rochester, by railroad and stage to Albany and 
Boston, by railroad to Lowell, and by stage to Tamworth, New 
HampHbire. After spending four years amidst the prairies of 
the West it was indeed a pleasure to U>ok again upon the grand 
rmnge» of monutaius in this part of New England. Wlien eleven 
ypare of age I had lived where I could look upon these mountains, 
aiul now to their grandeur was added the charm of old associ- 
ation. I looked with plwisnre once more upon "Old Ossipee," 
Coroway Peaie, and White Face. Time had written no changes 
opon these ragged mountains. There were cottages and farms 
oo the monntnin side. Sparkling rivalets gleamed iu the sun- 




light, Bt) they found their way, leaping from rock to rook, to the 
ralleyB beneath. Tamworth is situated on beautiful ridgee 
amongst these monutiiin raages. Near this place is the old 
family burying ground containing the graves of my grand par- 
ents and other near relatives. These mountain peaks seemed 
to stand as sentinels over their last resting place. I remained 
at Tamworth a short time, visited the graves of my kindred, and 
on October 20th pursued my journey to Bh>om&eld, Maine, my old 
home. I found great changes. Some kind friends remained, bat 
others were gone. The old home was changed and I felt that T 
f!ould not make my future home here. The great West seemed 
more than ever attractive. There would I hnild my home, and 
seek my fortune. I found here one who was willing to share 
that home and whatever fortane awaited me in the West* On 
Janoary 1st I was married to Mary J. Wyman, by Rev, Arthar 
Drinkwater, who gave us good counsel on the eve of our depai-- 
ture to a new and still wilderness country. On February IGth 
we bade adiea to our friends in Maine, visited awhile at Tam- 
worth, and March 20th reached Pi-airic du Chien. having trav- 
eled by private conveyance, atage and steamer, passing through 
New Haven, New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Frederick 
City, Maryland, over the National road to Wheeling. Virginia, 
by steiimer down the Ohio and up the Mississippi to our destina- 
tion. Here we made our home uutil the autumn of 1K45, I con- 
tinuing in the busineas^in which I had been previously engaged. 
At this time a failare in my wife's health rendered a change of 
climat« neoeasary. 


Onr history of Fifty Tears in the Northwest commences 
properly at Prairie dn Chien in the years 183&-37. The entire 
country we«t and north was at that time but little better than a 
wilderness. Prairie du Chieu was an outpost of civilization. 
A few adventurous tmdera and missionaries had penetrated the 
country al«ve, planting a few stations here and there, and some 
little effort had been made at settlement, bnt the country, for 
the most part, w»s the home of roving tribes of Indians, and be 
who adrentarod among them at any distance from posts or settle- 
mentB did so at couaiderAble peril. Prairie dn Chien, u we bare 



shovD, had been for hd indefinite period under various govern- 
mente, at first a Frenoh, and later an American settlement* 
f^neraily under the protection of a military force. It was a 
primitire looking village. The houses were built for the most 
part of upright timber posts and puncheons, and wore snr- 
rounded by pickets. There was no effort at display. Every 
thing was arranged for comfort and protection. 


There were living at Prairie da Chien in 1837 the following 
Americans with their families: Alfred Brnnson, Thomas P. 
Barnett, Joseph M. and Thomas P. Street, Ezekiel Taiuter, John 
Thomas. Milo Richards, John II. Fouday, Samuel Gilt>ert, and 
William Wilson. The following were uumnrried: James B. 
Dallam, Ira B. Brnnson, AYilliam S. Lockwood, and Hercules 
Donsman. Tu addition to these were perhaps near a hundred 
Freneli families, old residents. Amoii^ the more noled were 
the BrisboLs, La Chapelle, Holette aud Bruno families. 

We inclnde in the following liiographii^al sketches some names 
of Don-residentSt prominent iu the early territorial history, and 
others who came to Prairie du Chieu later than IH'S". 


Jaicbs Duane Dott. — The life of this eminent citizen is so 
interwoven with the hiatoiy of Wisconsin that it might well 
claim more space than is here allotted to it The plan of this 
work forbids more than a brief mention, and we therefore give 
only the principal events in his life, Mr. Doty was born iu 
Salem. Washington county. New York, where ho spent his early 
days. After receiving a thorough literary education he studied 
law, and in 1818 located at Detroit, Michigan. In 1820, iu com- 
pany with Gov. Cass, he made a canoe voyage of exploration 
through Lakes Huron and )f ichigan. On this voyage they nego- 
tiHied treaties with the Indians, and returning made a report 
on the comparatively unexplored region which they had trav- 
eraed. Under his appointment as judge for the counties of 
Hiehigan west of the lake, which appointment beheld for nine 
years, he first made his home at Prairie dn Chien, w*heru he re- 
8id(rd one year, thence removing to Green Bay for the remainder 


of Ms term of office, at which plncc he continued to reside for a 
period of twenty years. In 1830 ho was appointed one of the 
conuuissioners to locate military routes from Green Bay to Chi- 
cago and Prairie du Chieu. In 1834 lie represented the coun- 
ties west of the lake in the Michigan legislative conucit at De- 
troit, at which council tlie firat legislative action was taken affect- 
ing these counties. At that session he introduced a bill to create 
the state of Michigan^ which was adopted. The result of this 
action was the creation of the territory of Wisconsin in 1836. lu 
1838 Mr. Doty was chosen territorial delegate to Congress from 
"Wiac-onsin, in which capacity he served four years, when Uk van 
appointed governor. He served as governor three years. He 
aoteii as commissioner in negotiating Imlian treaties. In 1846 
he was a member of the first constitutional convention. Tn 184.S 
he was elected member of Congress, and was re-elected in 1851. 

Somewhere in the '508 he built a log house on au island in Fox 
river, just above Butte dcs Mortcs, and lived there with Ma 
fomily many years. There he gathered ancient curiosities, con- 
sisting of Indian implements, and reliia of the mound builders. 
This log house still stands and is kept intact with the cnriositicA 
gathercMl there by the present owner, John Roberta, to whom 
they were presented by Mrs. Fitzgerald, a daughter of Gov. 
Doty, in 1877. The cabin overlooks the cities of Menasha and 
Neenah, and the old council ground at the outlet of Lake Winne- 
bago, where the Fox and Sioux Indians held annual councils, 
alao the old battle ground where the Fox Indians routed the 
Bionx in one of the hardest fought battles on record. 

lu 1861 Judge Doty was appointed supednteudent of Indian 
affairs, and subsequeutly was appointed governor of Utah Terri- 
tory, which plaee he held until hisdrjith in 1865. Wisconsin had 
so truer friend nor more faithful and efficient servant, ilis aims 
were exalted, and he deservedly held a high place in the aflfeo- 
tions of his fellow citizens. 

James H. Lockwood. — Mr. Lockwood was the only practic- 
ing lawyer at the organization of Judge Doty's court'. He was 
the pioneer lawyer in Pniirie du Chien, and the first lawyer ad- 
mitted to the bar in wb:it is now Wisconsin. He prarticed in 
Crawford, Brown and Mackinaw counties. He was born in 
Pern, Clinton county, New York, Dec, 7, 1793. He married 
Julia Warren in 1822. She died at Prairie da Chieu in 1827. 



He married bis second wife,^anih A. "Wright, in St, Jjouia, Mia* 
eouri, in 1834. She died at Prairie du Chien in 1877, much 
lOsieemed ns one of the pioneer women of the Upper Missis- 
'rippi, and respectod as a devout Christian, whose faith waB 
proven by hor works. The early years of Mr. Lockwood wore 
spent on a farm. He had not the privileges of a classical oduca- 
taoD, and be may Ix; said to be self educated. lu 1810 he com' 
menoed thn stndy of law. In 1SI4 he was sutler in the tTnited 
StAtes arioy, and inlSlSat the poet at Mackinaw. Prom 1816 
to 1819 he was an Indian trader, his home being at Prairie da 
Chieu. In 1S26 orders came to abandon the fort at Prairie da 
Chien. The soldiers were transferred to Fort SucUing. but arms 
and ammunition were left in charge of John Marith, sub-Indian 
agent. Hr. Lockwood's family was the only American family 
at the post. On June 25th of th« ensuing year he left for Xew 
York by the Wiwconsin River route, Mrs. Ijtjckwood remaining 
at home. The Winnebagoos were a little troublesome at this 
time, the more so as the soldiers were removed from the post, 
bat no serious disturbance was auticlputed. The firfst night 
after learing Prairie du Chien Mr. L. met some Wiauebagocs, 
■nd all camped together for the night; but the Indians, under 
their chief, Ked Bird, left the camp stealthily before morning, 
•nd, proceeding to Prairie da Chien, entered the house of Mr. 
Lockwood with loaded rifles. Mrs. L., greatly fright<;nt'd, lied 
tolhestore, then in chiirge of Duncan Gralinm, an old Kiiglish 
trader. The Indians followed Mrs. L. int4> the store. Graham 
coutLSf^led with them and they lelt>. As tbey were acting sns- 
picioasly a messenger was sent alter Mr. Lockwood in haste. Ue 
retnrnedon the twenty seventh and found the inhabitants as- 
sembled, but withoat ammooition or means of defense. The In- 
dians told the people not to go into the fort, as tliey would 
destroy iU As the day passed pickiits and embanknicutM were 
bailt around an old tavern. About sundown a keelboat came 
down the river and landed, bearing three dead bodies and sev- 
eral wounded. The sides of the boat had been riddled by bul- 
lets. This gbastly arrival increased the panic. Mr. Lockwood 
nrged organization for defense. He was selected as captain but 
dt«liued, and Thomas McNair was chosen, who ordered an im- 
lumliate removal to the fort. Repairs were made and prepara- 
tions for snocessfnl defease. On the day the lighting commenced 



Red Bird nnd hU compaoioDs shot and killed Gagner and Lip- 
cap. Mrs Qaguer, with riflo iu liand, held Bed Bird at bay till 
ahfl encapod with one child into the mshw, whence nhe was res- 
cued by a Holdier on patnd duty. The soldier went to the huuB«, 
whore lie fouml Oagiier and Li pcap lying deati upon the floor, 
nnd an infant child, scalped and with its thro:it cut, lying under 
the bed. Gov. Cass, of Michigan, arrivefl on the fourth of July, 
greatly to the relief of the beeieKcd garrison, which he mustered 
into the service of the United States, appointing Mr. Lt>ckwood 
quartermaster. Another company, under Oapt- Abner Field, 
was sent fh>ni Galena to their relief. Mr. Lookwood sent a 
nii'ssrnprr to 04(1. Snt-lling at Fort Rnelling. wh<t promptly sent 
down a company in a keeltwat. The force thns concentrattHl at 
the fort was ftufflcient to overcome the Indians, who wore in no 
plight to engage in a war with the tTnited States. As the result 
of a council held by the WinneUigot^ in the presence of the 
officers of the garrison, the Indians agreed to surrender Bed 
Birtl and KecWaw to Mi^i. Whistler, the Indians asking that 
the prisoners should not be irone<l or harshly treated. Mi^}. 
Whirtler promised that they should be trvated with considera- 
tion, and Red Bird, rising from the ground. said. '"I am ready/' 
and was miirche^l oft' wiih his areompliw, Kee-Waw. lo a lent ja 
Ihercftraud pbtcetl under guard. The prisoners were handed 
OTvr to 0«a. Atkinson, and given into the haods of the ciril 
witlwritica. Th«y wvtp chained and imprisooed, which bo 
QhalM the proud spirit of Ked Bird that be dnK^«d and sooo 
tftd of a broken bout. Kee-Waw was afterward ptuiloBed by 
Ike piwl<Wut of tlM Uait«d SCat<8, For this asd other om- 
iifCB peme U a le d mpoa the Mttlen» Mt « sivfEte Indian snffered 
tte peoaHy oT dmlh, exoepUBt Red Bii^ whose pride ntay be 
Mid to have been hta «x«catiooer. 

Mr. Loehveod co a ltwwd ia wiiiMrtnt hti^iM aft Pntrie da 
T%faa mmyy jimrt HeheMHMBj paMoaaofhoMraadtrast. 
•mwHUlt bitoarff with cngdiL He buH the first saw ull north 

rirer, ok the MtmommiK rirvr, IW ftHBooB 
Mittiaow ocrapy theaHMsito. AshmH mOI had 

pff<«c to this o« BbMk rtrer. hM ths LadMM 
ted hwMd IhiB nm ht^tav It WW «oaptatod. )lx.IjMkwood 

dltd M hla hMMv Ave. K iSSr. 
Jams 3. LorsvooBk— <loha &, the UiU h w of JaaMS H. Lo^- 



vood, was born \a 17i)6 in Nt-w York; came to Prairie da Cbien 
in 1838, and thereaner engnged in nK>rubtindmiug. He was a man 
of exemplary habif« and a member of the Pre-Hbyterian church 
most of bis life. He raised an iuteresting family. He died at bis 
borne at Prairie daCbien in 1858. 

SjUAUEL Gilbert settled at Prairie da Chien in 1830. He was 
of Kentucky birth, a blacksmith by trade, aod a model man ia 
lubits. Mr. Gilbert, in 1842, bec^ime one of the proprietors 
of the Chippewa Falls mill. He aftorwanl lived at Albany. 
He followed Mississippi river piloting. reniove<l to Bnrlington, 
Iowa, and died in 1878. Mr. Gilbert left four sons, Oliver, lum- 
berman in Dunn county, Wiscuusiu, John and I. Dallaiu, lum- 
ber mi^rcbnutK ;it Burlington, Iowa, ami Samuel. 

BbcHABL BaiBBom. — We find the names of Bristwis and 
some othere mentioned in the procywliugs of th« commisHiuu 
held by Col. Isaac I^e in 1820, to adjust vlaiuiH to laud in Prairie 
da Chien and vicinity. Michael BrisboiH testiHed that be bad 
been a resident of the Prairie thirty nine years, which would 
date bis settlement as far back as 1781. Mr. Brisbois lived a 
stirring and eventful life. He died in 1837, tearing several 
children. Joseph, the oldest, became a man of prominence and 
held many offices in state and church. Charles, the second son, 
vhile yet a boy went to McKenzie river, British posseasioos, in the 
employ of the Northwtsitern Fur Company, where he lived thirty 
yew beyond thv Arctic circle, and raised a large family. Tn 
lSt2 he returned to Pi-airie du Chien, but his children, reared in 
the cold climate of the frozen zone, soon after his return siek- 
ened, and most of them died, nnable to endure the change to a 
cUmat4? so much milder. Bernard W., a third sou, was born at 
Prairie dn Cbieu, Oct. 4, 1808. He was well educated and grew 
ap a leading aud influential citizea. As a child he had witueesed 
the taking of Fort Shelby by the British in 1814, and it« reeap- 
luri! ati Fort McKay by the Tniteil StJitc» troops in 1815. Dur- 
ing the Beil Bird Indian war he served as second lieutenant, and 
for several years was stationed at Fort Crawford. He was j^so 
a prominent ligent or confidential adviser in the fbr company 
which had its headquarters at Prairie du Chien. He was aheri/T 
of Crawford county aud held the office of county treasurer and 
other pfwitionsuf trust. In 1872 President Grant appointed him 
ooosul to Vernier, Belgium, but ill health compelled an early 



return. Mr. Brisbois married iuto the La CbapeUe family. He 
died in 1S35, leaving an interefitiiig family. 

Fi£KBE Lapoi^t was also before the commission of CoL Lee 
w an early resideut, baviug Uved at the Prairie since 1782. The 
testimony of tUeeie early citizens served to ttstablish the ancient 
tenare of the lands by French settlers, a t>enare so ancient that 
no one oonhl definitely give a duto for its commencement. Mr. 
liapoint vas a farmer. He reared a largo family of children, 
and died about lS4o. 

Joseph Rolette. — Joseph Bolette was at one time chief jos- 
tice of the county court of Crawford county. He was of French 
descent and was burn in Quel>ec^ L. C, in 1787. He waB edu- 
cated for the Catholic prieMthood. In 1S04 he came to Prairie 
dn Chien. Tn the early part of his mature life he was an active 
sod SROoeasftil trader with the indiaus on the Upper Mississippi. 
He VMS a man of keen pereeptious and considerable ambition. 
He joined the British at the si^^ of Detroit, and was an officer 
at the capture of Mackinaw. He was in oommanil of a company 
in the campaign of the British from Mackinaw to Prairie du 
Chien, and aided in taking the American stockade. Hia early 
education and associations inclined him to espouse the British 
cause during the war of 1S12, wlucli he did with all the ardor 
and enthusiasm of his nature. To his family be was kind and 
indulgent, giving bis childrea the be«t education possible. One 
daogbter, married to Capt. Hoe, of the United States army, 
was a Tery saperior woman. One son, Joseph, received all the 
aid that money conid pve, and might have risen to distinction, 
bat be early cont racted intemperate habit« which became ia later 
UJb toaadovsly fixed. This son wu at ooe time a member of the 
JOBMBOta Icgialatnre. Joseph Bolette^ Sr., died at Prairie da 
CMeo in ISIS. 

HsacuUBB DOOBILIX.— The leading Indian trader of the Up- 
per MisBiBEppi, the prominent adrifler at Indian treaties aad 
payments and the trusted agent of the A^merican For Company, 
was Hercalee Douaman, a ke«o, shrvwd man. and aoivereally 
inAneatial with the Indians, with vhom it might be said hit* 
wot^ was law. He andcTvtood all the intricacies involved in 
the ladiaa treaty aod the half-breed aanaiti«e and paynmBts. 
HiB exl«Mled IhTere and credits to the IndiaiB, property proren, 
oreoaraa.woahibe reoogniaed and paid at the regular payments. 



He accnmahkted throngh these agenciefl grent- wealth, whtch he 
retained to his <lying day. He came to Prairie dii Cbien^ in 
the employ of Joseph Kolette, in 1828. He afterwai'd married 
the widow of Rolette. He died in Prairie da Chien in 1878. 

Rev, Datid Lowry. — A noble, big hearted Kentuckian, a 
minister of the Cumberliiud Presbyterian church, ho was located 
by the government a& farmer aud teacher of the Indians on Yel- 
low river, near Prairie du Chiton, iu IS-'W. For years this good 
man labored with nnquestionefl zeal for the welfare of the un- 
taiored lodiaa. Mr. Lowry informed me, white at his post, that 
he was f^irful that all his labor was labor lost, or worse than 
oaeleas. The Indian pupil learned just enough to fit him for the 
worst vioee. The introduction of whisky was a corrupting 
agency, in itself capable of neutralizing every eiTort for the 
moral and int.*'llwtual advancement of th*! Iiidiiiii, with whom 
intoxication pnxluces insanity. He felt niiiii^ disUwutened as 
to the prospect of accomplishing any good. He die<l at St. 
Cloud some time lu the 'oOs, 

Chief Justice Charles Duxn. — When Wisconsin Territory 
wa& organized in 1836, Charles Dnnu was appointed chief Jus- 
tice. Ho served as judge until Wisconsin became a state in 
I&4S. He was of Irish descent aud was born iu Kentucky in 
1799. He studied law iu Kentucky aud lUiuois, and was admit- 
t«^d to practice in 1821) at Jonesboro, Xllinois. He wsis chief clerk 
of the Illinois house of represpntatives five yeJinn. Ho w:»8 one of 
thecommissioneni of the Illinois and Michigan canal. In 1829 he 
waft one of a party which surveyed and platted the first town of 
Chicago, and snperintended the first sale of town lots there. He 
was captain of a company dni-ing the Black Hawk War in 1832, 
and was severely wounded through mistake by a seutiuel on 
duty. In 1835 he was a member of the Illinois house of repre- 
6entalivt>& In 1837. as Judge, he held his fii-st court in Crawford 
county. In this court, iu 18.'J8, indlctmenlH were found against 
oertain individuals for selling liquor to whites and Indians con- 
trary to law, when, by evasions, continuances and technicalities, 
the snits would go by the board. In one case the charge given 
to the Jury by this dignified and courteous Judge Dunn wasasfol- 
Iowh: ''Geulteinen of the Jury: Unless yon are satisfied that the 
defendautJiintbis case did deal out, in clear, nnadultenited rjuanti- 
Uess intoxicating drinks, it is your imperative duty to dischai^e 


them." ThejUTy, of conrae, discharged the defeodauts. Aside 
from his diiuking habite. which inteifered much with his tiscful- 
ness, he was a geuial gcntteman aud regarded by hitt uAsociates 
B8 an eminent jurist. He sometimes kept the ruurt waiting till 
he should become sober, and on one occasion came near lo»ing his 
life in a dmnken spree. He jumpeti through an upper window 
of TaiDtcr*s hot«l, and escaped with only a broken leg. Jndge 
Daun vaa a member of the second Wisconsin constitutional 
convention. He was state senator in 1853-4-^ aud 6. He died 
St Mineral Point, April 7, 1872. 

BeV. Alfked Brunson, a distingnished pioneer preacher in 
the West, wa.s born in Connerticnt, 1793, and received there a 
common school education. His father died while he was yet » 
minor, and with commendable zeal and filial love he devoted 
himself to pi-ovidiog for his mother and her bereaved family^ 
workiug at the trade of a shoemaker till he was seventeen years 
of age, when be enlisted as a soldier under Oen. Harrisou aud 
served under him until the peace of 1815, when he entered the 
Methodist ministry, in which, by industry and close application, 
he became quite learned and eminent as a divine. His active 
ministry extended to th« long period of sixty-seven yeurs. He 
was the first Methodist minister north of the Wisconsin river. 
In 1837 he established a mission at Kaposia aud thence removed 
to Red Rock (Newport), in Washington county, Minnesota. In 
1840 he was a member of the Wisconsin legislature. In 1842 he 
was Indian agent at Lapoiute, on Lake Superior. Mr. Bruuson 
was very prominent in the counciln of his own <:hurrh, having 
represent^nl his conference several times in the general con- 
ference of that lM>dy. He is also the author of many essajT* and 
other publicAtions, among them ''The Western Pioneer," in 
two volumes, a most entertaining and instructive account of life 
in the West. 

Mr. Bmnson was married to Gnnioe Burr, a relative of the 
famous Aaron Burr. Bhe was a woman of great intelligence and 
of excellent tiualititw of heart as well as mind. Her heart over- 
flowed with sympathy for the sick and distreesefl, and she won 
by her care for them the affectionate title of " Mother Bmnson." 
She died in 1847. 

Rev. Alfri:d Brunsou, though an itinerant, was so favored in 
his various fields of labor that he was able to have his perma- 



ncnt home at Prairie da ChicD, where bo lived from 1835 until 
the Hue of his death in 18S2. 

Many incidents in Mr. Brunson's career are Vr-orthy of per- 
manent record. He was among the mast hardy and daring of 
the pioneers. Ue came down the Ohio and np the Mississippi 
in a bai^ to Fmiric da Cbion in 1835, the barge laden vith 
hooschold furnitnre and the material for a frame building which, 
on lauding, he proceedetl immediaiely to erect. This h<ni^, 
Thich he and his fiiniity oc<!npi<*d till bin death, is still standing. 

When he established his mission at Kapoaia he was greatly in 
need of au interpreter. An officer at Fort Bnelling owned a 
negro slave who had been a Methodist before going into the 
Army in the service of his master. Ailerward he had mariied a 
Dakota woman and bv associating with the Indians had learned 
th«jr hinguage. This young negro, James Thumpson, was a 
sIatb, and Mr. Brnnson conld only secure his services by pnr- 
chasing him outright, which ho did, paying the price of 91,200, 
tlw money for which was raised by subscription iuOhio. "Jim" 
was presented with his "free papers," and was soon interpreting 
Hie Gospel to the Indians at Kaposia. This is the only instance 
oo record of a slave being sold on Minnesota soil. It will bo 
remembered, however, that the historical "Dhed Scott" was 
lUso the property of au officer at the Fort, Surgeon Emerson. 
James Thompson resided in St. Paul in the later years of his 
lilie, and die<l there in 18S4. 

I&A Bkunson. — Ira, the eldest son of Rev. A. Branson, was 
born in Ohio in 1815, and came to Prairie du Chien in 1836. He 
was a member of the legislature during the years 1837-38-39 
and 40. He was also postmaster many years. He was con- 
tinuously in office in Crawford county until his death in 1884. 
In 1^0 lit) was uppointcfl special deputy Unit^l States marshal 
tor the purpose of removing the settlers from the Port Snelling 
reservation. These settlers were mostly from Selkirk, Mani- 
toba. They had been driven oat by the grasshoppers and. fleeing 
iioatbward, had settled about Fort Snclliug to be under the pro- 
Becdou of the Fort. The government, however, considered them 
intruders and ordered Mr. Bmasou to remove them outside the 
reKorvatioD. and to dewtroy all their dwellings and farm improve- 
ments, which disagreeable duty he performed as well, perhapft, 
as it conld be performed; be, as he afterward told mei being 



satisfied in his own mind that the rcmoral woald be for their 
ultimato good, the infiacncce of the Fort and of the associatioos 
of the motley crowd of hangers on around lb being somewhat 
demoralizing. At any rate tlie tivictiou of these western Acadi- 
ans has never aroused the sympathies of the poet^ and sentinien- 
talist as did that of the Acadians of the Ea»t. 

John" H. Folsom. brother of W. 11. C. Folsoni, was born in 
MaehifiH, Maine, Dec. 27. 1813. He wois engaged dnring bis 
youth in clerking. In 1835 he made a voyage as supercargo of 
a vessel to the Cuiigo t»>iist. In 1.S36 he e^me to Michigan, and 
in 1837 to Prairie du Chien, where he hius since oontinuuosly re- 
aided. He wiLs married in 18.J9 to Augelicji Pion, who dietl in 
1878, leaving no cbildreu. He has a very retentive memory, 
and is qaoted as an authority in the local history of Prairie dn 
Chien. The writer is ipdebted to him for many particulars re- 
ferring to the early history of that city. 

EZEKIEL Tainter, — Mr. Taiutercame to Prairie du Chien in 
1833 from Vermont. He had at first fort iwintrai-.ts, but after- 
ward engagini in merchandising, farmitigand hotel keei)ing. He 
also served as sheriff, lie was eccentric and original in his meth- 
ods, and some amnsiug stories are told of his prowefis in arresting 
criminals. On one oecjision he was al>ont to arrest a criminal. 
Having summoned his posse, ho followed the man until he took 
refngc in a cabin with one door and two windows. Stationing 
his mea before the door, he thus addressed them: "Brave boys, 
1 am about to go through this door. If I fall, as t undoubtedly 
will, you must rush over my dead body and seize the rufBan." 
Giving the word of command, he plunged through the do*>r and 
captured the criminal, apparently much astonished at finding 
himself still alive. At his tavern, one morning, a boarder au- 
nonnced that he had been robbed. Uncle Zeke quieted him. and, 
qoiclcly exiimiuing his rooms, found one boarder missing. It was 
gray twiliglit. He ordered all to retire but the man who had 
been ro'bbed. The two sat quietly down as they saw a man ap- 
proaching the honw from the bluffs. To their surprise it waa 
the absiintee approaching. As he stepped on the piazza, UucIp 
Zeke dexterously tripped him up with his stilf leg, and seizing 
him by the throat, shouted to the astonished miscreant: "Where 
is the money you stole! Tell me at once, or you will never get 
np.'' The prostrate culprit, thoroughly frightened^ tremblingly 



ansTorod^ ''I hid it in the blaff." Thoy marchod him to the 
spot, recovered the money and generously allowed the thief his 
freedom on the condition of his leaving the country. Uncle 
Zeke lived to a ko^*! ol^ ^gc< ^'K^ died at the residence of his 
son Andrew, in Meuomonie, Wisconmn. 

Wyram Knowlton. — Mr. Knowlton was bom in Chenango 
comity. New York, in 1S16, came to Wisconsin iu 1837, and com- 
menced the stndy of law. He was admitteil to priictice in Platte- 
ville, and in 1S40 came to Prairie du Chien and opeutMl a law of- 
fice. In 1846 he enlisted and served in the Mexican War, afber 
which he reaumed pi-acntice. In 1850 he was appoinU^d jmlge of 
the Sixth Jadicial dlKtrict of WisconBin, and served six years. 
He held the first conrt in Pierce connty in 1854. lie was a man 
of fine ability. He died in the north part of the State in 1873. 

BODERT Lester. — A melancholy iQt«re8t attaches to the 
memory of this man on account of his early tragical death. He 
had come to Prairie dn Chicn in 1.S40, and in 18-12 had been 
electefl .^eriiT. Next year his official dntiw* called him to the 
Menomouie and Chippewa valleys. On hia return he had left 
Lockwood's mills on the Menomonie, and had passed through 
Trempealeau and was coasting along the west shore, when an lu- 
diaD hailetl him, calling for brca<I. LeRt«r pHSsed on without 
rceponding. As he reached a point of land the Indian ran 
aoroes the point and, awaiting his approach, shot him through 
ttie heart. Lester rose as the ball struck him, and fell over- 
board. Mr. Jeau Bruno, proprietor of the Chippewa mills, 
was on his way up river in a canoe, and witnessed the whole 
transaction. Mr. Bruno described the whole tragic scene. Popu- 
lar excitement ran high at Prairie da Chien. A party of men 
rolnnteered to search for Lester's Imdy, which was found at the 
place of the murder and brought back for interment at Prairie 
do Chien. The Indian, a Sioux, was arrested and kept in jail a 
long time, and although he had ackuowledged to some of his 
Indian friends that he had killed Lester, he was acquitted. It 
was a cold blooded and atrociona murder, and the proof of the 
Indian's guilt was overwhelming, as he was, by hia own confes- 
ftion, the murderer; still he was not punisheil. In this tase the 
prisoner did not languish and die in jail of a broken heart as 
did Bed Bird, the murderer of Gagner and Llpcap. As a rale 
Uie ooorts dealt very leniently with Indian criminals. 



Thomas Pendleton Burnett was born in Virginia in 1 
He studied law and was admitted to tbc bar in Paris, Kentucky. 
He WQB appointed Bub-Indiau agent under J. M. Street, in 1829. 
He came to Prairie du Chien iu 1S30 and entered upon the dutiee 
of the agency. He alHO practic^^d law. In 1835 he waA a mem- 
ber of the Michif^n territorial council and its president In 
1836, after his term of ofiice expired, he mamed a daughter of 
Alfit^d Bruuson and, continuing the pnuitice of law, becumc 
quite eminent for bis skill, and acquired an extensive practice. 
He wa« a fluent speiiker, well Hkilted in the management of the 
caee» introKted to hin ciire. In IS40 he n'luovMl to a farm at 
Pat-ch Grove, Grant county, ITe wiia a memlwr of the WiHoon* 
sin constitutional convention which met in 1S46. He served 
but a few weeks when he was called home by the death of his 
mother and the sickness of his wife. The fatigae of a twenty- 
four hours' ride of eighty-five miles in a rade lumber wagon 
was too much for his not very rugged constitution, and four days 
all<-'r his mulher'» death he followed her to the world of spirits. 
His devoted M-ife survived him but three hours. Tinder cireum- 
stanccR of snch nnuKual tuulnens did this brilliant and promiaiag 
lawyer and citizen take his depiirture from earth. His diiith 
createti a profound sensation throughout the entire Northwebt, 
where he was so well and favorably known. 

Hknry rk>DGK, the (irst governor of Wisconsin Territory, was 
boni in Vincvnnes. Indiana, Oct. 12, 1782. He came to the lead 
minwt of Wisconsin in 1828. In 1832 he took part in the Black 
Hawk War. an uprising of the Sac and Fox Indiaus against the 
United States government. Mr. Dodge participated aa a general 
at the battle of Bad Axe, his regiment occupying the front rank in 
that l>attle. April 30, 1836. he was appointed governor of Wiscon- 
sin by President Andrew Jarlcson, re-appointed in 18.19 by Preai* 
dent Van Bureu, and by President Polk in 1845, serving three 
terms. From 1841 to 1845, during thepreaidencyof Harrison an<l 
his successor (Tyler), he served as terrritorial delegate to Con- 
gt«6S. In 1846 he was elected United States senator for the short 
term, and re-«leoted iu 1851. Senator Walker being his colleague. 
On the oeuttsionof the motion to admit California, theWiaoonsin 
senatoiv were instructed by the legislature to vote against the 
measure^ Senator Walker disregarded the iustmrtion and voted 
for tlie measare. Senator Dodge, although extremely ill at the 





time, had himself carried to the senate chamber that he might 
record his vote adversely to the bill. Gov. Dodge rose to the 
hight!St iiositiou iu his State, aud chiefly by his owu unaided 
eSbrtM. As a soldier he was brave aud efficient-, as a goveruor, 
coDgreifiiiiona] deh^g-^te and senator he was clear headed, eauLious 
and wise, and altogether a citizen of whom the State might joHtly 
be proud. He die^l in Burlington, Iowa, June lit, 18*>7. 

Geokqe W.' Jones was born in Vincenues, Indiana. He 
graduAtcd at Tmnsylvania Uuiversity. Kentucky, In 1825. He 
was educated for the law, but ill health prevented him from 
practicing. He, howevHr, served as clerk' of the United States 
district court in Missonri in 1826, and during the Black Hawk 
War serve*! as aidde-camp to Gen. Dodge, In IS^'i he wa« ap- 
poioteil colonel of militia, and was promoted to a major gener- 
alship. Aftor the war he served as Judge of a county court. In 
ISS.** he was elected delegate to Cougi-ess from the territory of 
&IJchigan. or from lluil part of it lying wewt of I-»ake Mtchiguu, 
and remaiuHl a delegate until the formation of Wisconsin Terri- 
tflry. in 1836. when he was elected delegate from the new terri* 
tory. In IKIO he was appointed surveyor general lor Wisconsin. 
He WB8 removed in 1S41, but re-appoiuted by President Polk, 
and oontinned in office until elected ncnator from the state of 
lova. which position he held for six years, and was then ap- 
I)oint*d by President Bnchauau miuister to New Granada. Dur- 
lug the Civil War his sympathies were with the South aud he 
ma imprisoned for awhile at Fort Warren under a charge of 
disloyalty. He has ri'sidetl in Dubuque, Iowa, since the forma- 
tion of Iowa Territory. He still lives, a hale and hearty old 
gentleman, and served as a delegate to the waterways conven- 
tion held in St. Paul. September, 1880. 

8. O. AND S. L. Taintee and John Thomas (father of Hon. 
Ormsby Thomas, representative from Wisconsin iu the Congress 
of 1887-88) with their familieH camo to Prairie du Chien in 1837. 
The Measrs. Tainter and Thomas died many years ago. 





In September, 1844, relnctantly I bade adien to Prairie da 
Chit^k vrith its pictnresqao blnffs aud historic associations, and 
embarked ou the steamer Uighlaud Mary. Capt. AtehisoD. to 
Keek a home aud more salabrioos climate farther north. The 
voyage was without incident worthy of note, till we reached 
St, Croix lake, in the midst of a crashing thunderstorm aud a 
deluge of raiu, which did not prevent us from eagerly scanning 
the siMuery of the lake. The shores were as yet almost withoat 
inhabitants. Tht* home uf Paul Carli, a two story hooae at the 
mouth of Bollcs creek, was the first dwelling above Prescott, 
on the west side of the lake. A few French residenoee were to 
be seen above on the west side. On the east bank, below the 
month of Willow river, where Hudson is now »itaated. were 
tliree 1<^ booses owned by Peter Boocfaea, Joseph Maaessc, and 
liCmia MMsey. On the high hill west, nearly opposite Willow- 
river, stooil the farm house of Elam Greely^ and on the same 
side, on the point, in fall view of Stillwater, stood the farm house 
of John Allen. With the exception of these few dwelLinga, the 
shores of the lake were untooched by the hand of man, axkd spread 
before us io all their primJlivf beauty. There were gently 
ronoded hills sloping to the water's edge, aud orowoed with 
grores of shrubby oak, aaidBt which, especially at the outlet of 
atreams into the hike^ tte darker pines stood oat boldly mfMiMitF 
tha Ay. We passed on over tiM dear, bine ezpaose of walar 
oa whieh vm do ttoatiag thing save oar boat and the wild fowl 
vhIA wereMMed aad Aew aw«y at oar approach, till we reached 
the head of the lake at Stillwater, the eod of oar joamej. No- 
vember 3iXh luy fauity arrired oa t^ steamer OciUa, Oapt. 




"Wp Inuded just in front of the store of Nolsou & C«. Just 
Ih>]ow the landing w;»s a cl«ar, (m>1(1 spring, bubblinj; out of tiie 
Kirth. or the rock rather. It vraa walled iu and pretty well 
filkMl with speckled trout. On the opptmitfl side of thti street 
Walttr K. Vuil had a hou30 and store; north of Vail's atore 
the house aud store of Socrat-es NeLsou. Up iluiu street, west 
side, stood Anson Northrup's hot-el and Grcely & Blake's 
post office and store. One street back wan the residence of John 
El. Mower, and north of this the mill boarding house, and in 
the rear the shanty store of the mill company, where the Saw- 
yer House now stands. Vp a nivim^ sttKid the shanty residence 
of John Smith. In a ravine next to Kelson & Co. 'a st-ore was 
the residence of Wm. Cove. On Main street, opposite Greely 
& Blake's store, was the residence of Albert Uarris. On the 
Bhore of the lake, north of Chestnut street, was Johu McKusiek's 
aaw mill. Sylvester Statelet's blacksciilh shop stood just south 
of the mill. In Brown's Dakotnh, now Seholeuberg's addition, 
near the old log court house, wtis a log hotel, kept by Robert 
Kenoeily. This was Stillwater in 1845. 


From ISin to 183G this valley wsis under the jnrisdictlon of 
Onwford connty, Michigan, there being no white inhabitants 
save Indian traders. There was no law dispensed ia this region, 
excnpting the law that might makes right. In 1S3G the terri- 
tory of Wiscoasiu, eomjirlsing all of Michigan west of the great 
bikes; also all that portion of Miiisuuri Teri-itory out of which 
w«8 formed the state of Iowa, which was organixetl as a territory 
in 1S38, and admitted as a state in 184(i; also that portion of 
>liDnesota which lies west of the present state— yet unorganized 
— known as Dakota, was organized. 

The year 1837 forms a new ei-a in our history. Gov. Henry 
L>ndget of Wisconsin, on the part of the national government, 
WHS appoint-ed to negotiate with the Ojibways. They met at 
Fort Snelling. A treaty wjis maile, the Indians ceding to the 
t'oited St-ates all their lands cast of the Mississippi, to near the 
headwaters of the St. Croix aud Chippewa rivers. 



A deputation of Dakotas at Washington, the same year, ceded 
all their lands east of the Mississippi to the parent govcrnmeut, 
thus opening to Bcttlomcttt all this portion of Hiunosota and 
Wiseousin. But few adventurers made their way into this far off 
region, however, for many years. A stammer once in two mouths 
was the only modi^ of travel, excepting ]>y birch canoe. 

lu October, 1837, at Prairie du Chien, I met a party who had 
ascended the Mississippi and the Ht. Croix as far as St. Croix 
Falls. According to their account they had found the place 
where cr«ition ended, where a large river, capable of bearing a 
steamer, hurst out of a rock like that which Moses smot4). They 
had seen "the elephant with hh qniils erect," and were retnm- 
ing satisfiiKi U* thfiir New England home. They had ent-en^d the 
oince famous Dalles of the Ht. Croix, located at the head of 
navigation on that river. 

In the year 1838, being the year suocccding the purchase of 
the lauds bordering on the 3t. Croix river and a portion of bcr 
tributaries^ may be dat«d the conimeucemeut of the settlemeat 
of the St. Croix valley; hut with the exception of the Hon. Jos- 
eph K. Brown, the parties that I »hall enumerate as opening hiuii- 
ncfis, came here for the purpose of lumbering, and In no instance 
as permanent settlers. The valley was considered too far north 
and the soil too sterile for cnllivaliun, but many of thom^ who 
came here in 1838 found ont their mistake and made choice of the 
valley for their permanent homes. They were afterward abno- 
dantly satisfied with the healthfulncsij of the climate and the fer- 
tility of the soil. Sevoi-al companies wei^c formed this year for 
the ostensible purpose of lumbering, many members of which 
bocamo permanent settlers. 

The first dismemberment of the St. Croix valley from Craw- 
fortl county was by the organization of the county of St. Croix. 
.Toseph R. Brown was elected representative to the legislatan.*, 
from the north part of Crawforfl county. His residence at thut 
time was Gray Cloud, now in Washington county. Mr. Brown 
introduced the bill for the organization of St, Croix coaaty, 
which passed and was approved by the governor of Wisconsin,, 
Jan. 9, L840. The writer of these sketches was employed by 
Messrs. Brown and Brunson (the representatives from this dis- 
trict ^, in December, 1839, to take them with a team from Prairie 
du Chien to Madtsou. One of the indispensable refiuiremenl.s 



for travellDg in those days was n large "Black Betty,'' which 
w-js the butt of niticL wit and humor. Mr. Browu said the cou- 
tenia of Old Bully establish a ntw county away up in the 
Northwest. The deed was done — the act did pasH. I don't know 
whether Old Betty came bark to as.sist in nrganiztng the connty 
or not It is well to say Mr. Bi-owii ac(initt4Ml himself with honor 
to hin coD8titaeutjj, and was successful in the one great object for 
which he sought the election. This was the precursor to coming 
erentfi — a Hh:idow cast l>elbre. For it was under this organiza- 
tion that Xorthwe^t Wisconsin and Minnesota tirRt obeyed the 
mandates of law and order. 

Under the provision of the act of organization, Hazen Mooere, 
of Gray Cloud, Samuel Bnrkelo, of Marine, and Joseph R. Brown, 
of Dakotah, were eoiLslituted a Ixiard of county comwissiouera 
with cxmnty seat located at DakoUih. 

This town was located at the head of Lake St. Croix, on tho 
west side, on nnsurveyetl government lands, knewn as "Joe 
Brown's Claim." When the Wisconsin legislature of 1S40 made 
this the county seat of St. Croix county it was named Dakotah. 

Jin>GE inwiN's COUUT IN 1840. 

The firet district court north of Prairie da Chten waA called 
at T>akntah, St. Croix county. This county had been assigned 
to Jndge Irwin's district (Green Bay). The time assigned for 
the court was Jane, 1840. Judge Irwin wended his way np Fox 
liver to the portage, down tho Wisconsin to Prairie dn Chien, 
np the Mississippi to St. Paul, and across from St. Paul to Da- 
kotah with guides. At Dakotah the regular ofUcei-s were all 
abeeot> bat he found at the court house two young meu namt'd 
Brown and six Frflnehrawi from St. Paul and Little Canaila, 
Hommoned as jurors by Sheriff I^iwrence. Judge Irwin re- 
mained one night, slept in deer skins in the county building, 
^obsi'iting meanwhile on venison and bear steak. Xo calendar 
was to be found and the judge and jurors left for home. 

The first eummissiouers' meeting was held Got. 5, 1S40. At 
this mei'rting much important work was done. An acre of groun<l 
at the county seat was selected for county buildings. A eron- 
tract to erect a court house according to Ri>ecifi(«ition8 wa.s b-t to 
J. B, Brown, he to receive for the same eight hundred dollai-s. 


The parties agieed upon a deed or cunreyance of ground, a syn- 
opaia of which we append. The couveyance cites and reiterates 
a NyiHconsin legislative law establishing St. Croix county^ fciviug 
to the peopln the right to loinitt; the county seal by vote auU to the 
county commission en* power to erect exinnty bnJldingK. the s«- 
leeteU locsvtion to be the permanent seat of jnstioeof wiidcoanty. 
It farther provides that the county commissioners shall carry- 
into effect the law of Congress of the United States, culltled "An 
act gi-anting to counties or parishes, in which public lands are 
silnate, the right of pre-emption to one-fourth section of laud, 
for seats iif justice within the sjime." Approved May 20, 1S24. 
It then citos the vote taken Aug. 5, 1S40, locating the connty 
seat at "Brown's warehouse, at the head of Lake St, Croix.*' 
Further couditions are set forth in eouipllauce with the law, con- 
tirming tiie location on Joseph R. Brown's laud claim. This is 
the first recorded deed in St. Croix county. 

Thirty doll^i-s was allowed to J. R. Bmwn and W. B. Dibble, 
each, for carrying election returua to Prairie da Chien. The first 
abstract of votes jMilled in St. Crois county was for delegate to 
Oongrees and for ct>unty officers. For delegate to Congress the 
following voti! was cJist: Heury Dodge, seventeen; Jonathan E. 
Arnold, ten. Samuel Burkelo, Ha/en Mooersand "SV. B. Dibble 
were elected county commissioneis; William llolcombe, county 
treasurer and register of deeds; Phineas Lawrence, sherifl'; J. B. 
Brown, county clerk and clerk of coort^ and FhUander Prescott,. 

The first recorded deed of property in Stillwater was from Wal- 
ter R. Vuil to Rufus S. King, transferring fur a considcratiuu of 
^l,5r)0 a tract bounded eswt by Lake St. Croix and south and 
north by lands own«Kl by Cliiirchill and Nelson. 

Three election precincts htvd been established in this portion 
of Crawfonl county prior to the organization of St. Croix 
county: Caw-caw-lxiw-kank, embracing the oounty adjacent to 
SU Croix Falls; Dakotuh, the county at the head of Lake St. 
Croix, and Chnnwak-an the Gray Cloud settlement, on the 

On July 5, 1841, the commissioners held a meeting and estab- 
lished voting precincts tm follows: 

Gratf Ciotid — Judges of eleotioot Hazen Mooere, David Howi*. 
Joseph Haskell. 


Mouth of St. O-oix Lnle — Jadges of election, P. Prescott, Oscar 
P- Burrift, John Burke. , 

Marine MiUa — Judges of election, Asa Pai'kt-T, Samuel Burk- 
elo. T. Harriagton. 

FalU of fit. Croix — Judges of election, Joseph "W. Fnrber, 
Joshuii L. Taylor, Jwst' Taylor. 

VokegnjMX — Judges of election, Jeremiah Knasell, E. Myers, 
E. L. Ely. 

Feb. 2, IR44, St. Paul and Still wat«r were made election 
preciucla by the Wisconsin legislature, and Stillwater was made 
the eounty seat. The constituted authorities were not success- 
ftil in making out a.ss4ASsraents and willecting county rcvennes. 
The first estimate of expenditures for the county was for 1842, 
nod amounted to ^82. This inclnded the estimate for holding 
OQct^^rm of court. Up to the time of changing the county seat 
to Stillwater muuh dissiitisfuctiou existed as to the manner in 
which the county finances had been mamtged, and there was a 
general revolt, a refusal to pay taxes. In conseriuence, the 
i-onnty buiUliug atDakotah remained uufini.shed and was ilnally 
abandoned by the county authorities. J. R. Brown lost on his 
contract' on account of this failure aud abandonment. The first 
BQccessfnl collwtion of taxes in St. Croix county, considei'ed 
le;gal, was in 1815. Capt. Wm. Holcombe acted during this 
period as clerk of the commissioners, aud register of deeds. In 
1W6 he deputized W. H. C, Folsora as deputy clerk aud regis- 
ter of deeds, and transmitted the records fi*om St. Croix Falls to 


In the spring of 1843 Jacob Fisher made a daim ou unsurvej^cd 
liuids at the heail of Ti:ike St. Oroix, immediately south of Da- 
kotah, spotting and blazing the trees to mark the limits of his 
claim. Mr. Fisher thought it a good site for a saw uiilU and 
made an offt-r to Elias Mclvean and Calvin F. T^jach of the entire 
claim ou cotiditiou tltat they would build a mill. McKusick and 
Gnrely were looking for a mill site; Mr. Fisher referred them to 
McKeau aud Leach. It was ugreetl that the four slumld take the 

• For (be &HE* In tbU liUtor; I aiu IndsbUd to J»bD McKudok. Jao&4> Fbh«r, Eliu McEeu, 
■ad EUw Untkj. 



claim and erect the mill. Greely improved and beld the claim, 
while iMcKusick went to St. Loiibt and procared mill irons anil 
supplies. McKeim nud Le.ich operated in the pinery. By April 
1, 1844, the mill was finished and in operation. This was the 
first frame building erected in Stillwater. It stood on the lake 
shore, east of Main street^ lot 8, hloek 18. The second fi-ame 
Imildiiig was McKusick's i>oarding house., west of Main street, 
on block 18. John Allen's family was the first to locate in Still- 
water. 3Ir. Allen came in the spring of 184-1. and snbseqnently 
removed to California. The second family was that of Ausou 
Xorthmp coming soon after. Mr. NorLhrnp built a public house 
on the west side of Main street, just north of Kelson's alley. 
Soon afterward came widow I^lwards and family from ObiUf 
relatives of the Northrnps; Mrs. Northmp being a daughter of 
▼idow Kdwards. Socrates Nelson came about this time and 
built the first store in Stillwater. Uis family joined him soon 
afterward. The first marriage was that of Jesse Taylor and Ab- 
bie Kdwards, J. W. Furber, Esq., ofileiating justice. Thesecond 
marriage t\-<is tliat of William Cove to Xancy Edwards in May, 
1945. The first white child born was Willie Taylor, son of Juwe 
Taylor, in 1845. A daughter, Maud Maria, was born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Paul Carli in Dakotah (Schalenburg*s addition to Still- 
water), in 1843. 

Stillwater derives its name from its appropriate location on 
the banks of the still waters of Lake St. Croix. A post office 
was established in 18i.i. and Elam Greely was appoint«d jiost- 
master. The first btisiness partnership was that of the saw mill 
company, already noted. We give here In full the articles of 
agreement as the first written and the oldest on record in Wash- 
ington county. This document is iinpoi-iJint not only as fixing 
a date for the origin or founding of Stillwater, but as an impor- 
tiuit erenti as it thus early laid the foundation of the future 
proeperity of the city, and indicated the direction in which its 
energies should be chiefiy turned: 

[Copy of Affreematt.^ 

This agreement, made and entered into this twenty-sixth day 
of October, Anno Domini eighteen hundred and forty three, by 
the following named individuals, vix.: John McKusick, EUas 
MoKean, Elam Greely. and Calvin F. Leach, for the purpose of 




bnililiDg a saw mill near the head of Lake St. Croix, Wisconsin 
Territory, and for carrying on the lumbering buAinoas in all its 
rarions branches. 

Article Jirti — It is understood by this agreement, that the 
heretofore named individuals form them^lvcA into a company 
to continue and exist by the name of the Stillwater Lumber 

Ariideaecond — It is agreed to by the heretofore namml in- 
dividaals, that the whole amount of property owned and bnsine&a 
done by the aforesaid company shall be included in fifteeu shares, 
and to be divided and owned by each iudividual of the aforesaid 
company as follows, viz.: John McKiisick. firo-fil^ecnths; Elias 
McKean, three-fitleeuths; Elaui Greely, four-fifteenths; and Cal- 
vin F. Leacli, thrw^-fift-eenths. 

Article thini — It is fnrthiTmore understood, that each proprie- 
tor of the aforesaid company shall pay his proportion of all the 
expenses arising from all the business done or transacted by the 
aforcBaid oompany, and to oontinue the same ratio, so long a 
time as said company shall exist and continue to do business 
under the present form, and likewise any gain or loss, arising or 
accruing from any or all of the business done by the aforesaid 
company, shall be shared or sustained by each proprietor of the 
aforesaid company, in the same ratio as above named, in propor- 
tion to each above named proprietor's share of stock owned in 
the aforesaid cumpauy. 

Articlr, fourih — It is furthermore agreed to, that the whole 
Amount of money or pniperty that each or either of the proprie- 
tors of the aforesaid company shall invest, advance, or pay for 
the Iteuetit or use of the aforeeaid oompany, the same amount 
shall be credited to the separate credit of the proprietor or 
«iLher of the proprietors of the aforesaid company making sach 
iovestmenta, on the books of accounts kept by the aforesaid com- 

Artide JtfUi — It is furthermore understood, that for the amount 
of money or property that any ono of the proprietors of the afore- 
said oompany shall invest, advance, or pay for the benefit or 
use of the iifort«iiiid coni]moy, more than his proportional share 
of the whole amount of money or property invested by the afore- 
said company, the same amount of money, with interest, shall 
be paid or refunded back to said proprietor by the aforesaid 




company, ont of the first proceeds arisiug fi-om the busiuess done 
by the compaiiy aforesaid. 

Article sixOi — It is furthermoi-e anderstood, that id case any 
one of the aforesaid proprietoi's should at any time here-aflcr be 
disposed to gell, transfer or dispose of his share of stock owned 
in the aforesaid company, he shall first pay to said company all 
the liabilities or indebtedness of said share of stock, and then 
give said company the preference of purchasing and owning said 
share of stock, at the same ratvs by which said proprietor may 
have an opportunity to sell said shares of stock. 

Artide »errntJi — It is fnrthemion' nndenrtmnl that the proprie- 
tors of the aforesaid company, individually, shall have no right, 
or power, to sign any obligation or due bill, make any contract, 
or transact any business of importance in the name of. or bind- 
ing on, the aforesaid company, except some one proprietor of the 
aforesaid company should bereafl^r be fully authorized by the 
aforesaid company to act and transact business as agent for the 
aforesaid company. 

In testimony whereof, we hereunto set onr hands and seals 
this twenty-sixth day of October, Anno l>omini eighteen hun 
drcd and forty three, Jokx McKusicK, 

Elau Gkeely, 
Eliab HcKjcan, 
C. F. Leach. 
Attest: C. StMOVDe. 

This agreement and dates are taken from the original book 
records in the possession of John )[cKusick. 

Aft«r this agreement was signed, nntil Mr. McKu&ick becamoj 
theaole owner, the business was conducted by mntnal agreement,! 
there being no constitnted agent, except in case of an emer-i 

The mill boartling house, a two story building, erected 
1$4.1. was burniHl iu 1841), and immtMliately rebuilt. In 1848 
J. li. Urewster built a sninll store. McKusick's store was built 
the same year, on the southwest cornerof Main and Myrtle streets. 
Some smaller buildiDgs were erected this year. 

In l^*) a vnrbal agreement was made with regard to land^ 
claims, by which Brown's claim was recognised as extending 
along the Uke shore north of Battle Hollow, where the Miu-^ 



QMota state prison now stands. South of Battle Flollovr, along 

the lake shore to Nelson, extending three-fourtlis of a mile west, 

was the oiaim of the mill company, originally held by Fisher. 

South of Xclsou's alley, uue-balf mile dowutho lake, tliree-fourths 

of a mile west, was 8. Nelson's claim. Wheu the govLM'umt^nt 

purvey wait made the-^e claims anil limits wem iiminibly adjnsted 

and confirmed. Acongr(>.ssioDallaw wasin eKisteiice makingpro- 

-visions for villages and cities built ou unsurveyed lauds, that 

ich lands should be i^qnitahly divided aud surveyed into lots, 

id the actual settler ur occupaul should bo protected iu his 


In SLiy, ISIC. a desire was expressed by citizens of St. Paul 
s«Dil Stillwater for the opeuiug of uew roads between those cities. 
"^he traveled road up to that time was by Haskell's and Bis- 
»*eirs Mouii'ls. Louis Roberts and the writer examined a route 
l^y White Bear lake. A road was e^iablisbed south of this route 
4. a Jniie. * 

Id July [started up the St. Croix riverwithJoseph Brewster, iu 

d battoao, to put up h'ly for Elam Greely ou Kuunbee river. We 

"jpoled our batteau with outfit aud camped where now stands the 

allage of Fmnconia. The next morning early we entered the 

tctures'iue Dalles of the St. Croix, then cordolled our boat 

over Baker's falls, uud landed at the village of St. Gi*oix Falls. 

This village, the first American .S4'ttlement on the St. Croix, had 

one large mHl with six saws. The water power was utilized by 

ssieans of n permanent dam with massive piers. A warehouse 

"^ras perched in a romantic situation amidst the cUfls of the Dalles 

ss.Dd furnishctl with a tramway or wooden i-ailway exteudiug to 

^lie summit of thectifis, for the trauspoilatiouuf goods. Aboard- 

i TigbuiLSe dublntd the "Barlow House," another the "Soap Grease 

I5it'hange," and a few small tenement houses, censtituted the 

grillage. The leading business men were James Pnrinton, Wm. 

■t=IoU>oDibet Joseph Bowron and Lewis Barlow. We spi'ut half a 

43fljr in making a portage around the St. Croix falls. The wind 

t>*Jng fiiir, on the third day we sailed as far as Sunrise islaud. 

-"^f Wulf creek we paAsed an Inilian trading post. In front of 

^*>nriRe island and on the west side of the St^ Ci-oix river, a lit- 

*'*i below the mouth of Sunrise river, stood the trading post of 

Maurice 51. Samuels, loug known as one of the most remarkable 

">d notorious men on the frontier. He was a Jew, but had 



married a Chippewa woman, claiming that ho had married one 
of bis owu people, tho Indiaus being, according to his thtKtry, de- 
scendants of the Lost Tribes of Israel. 

On the sixth day we came to the form of Jeremiah Rnssell, 
on Pokegama lake. We found him. a pleasant gentleman, en- 
goj^ed as an Indian farmer. We paddled across the lake to the 
Presbyterian mission. Mr. Boutwell, the superintendent-, waa 
absent. The mi.sslun was pleasantly located, the mauagf^meut 
was excellent, the crop« were in fair condition, and well tmlti- 
rated. Everything about the mission betokened good manage- 
ment. Next day we went to a hay meadow opposite the mouth 
of Ground House creek, where we put up on this and adjacent 
meadows sixty loos of hay. We left on the twenty-fourth, camp- 
ing the first night at Chengwatana. On the morning of the 
tmmty-fifth. while piLssiug down Kitnabec river, our ears were 
greA«d with some most horrible and unearthly noises. Ou turn- 
ing a bend in the river we saw a lai^ twdy of Indiana cnttiDg 
indi«cribable antics, in the river nud on the shore, chafing each 
other, n^eiing and H>taggering to and fro, yelling and firing guns. 
They seemed n lot of Bedlamites turned oat as if to dispute our 
pHsage down the river. Pass them now we must. It was too 
hUetorHreat. Our batteau was light. I was in the bow, Brews- 
ter was in the stern. The yelling and uproar grew each moment 
more horrible. Brewster said: "Keep the bow in the beet 
water and pass them in a harry." He was of groat strength; 
ereiy sec of his pole would almost lift the boat from the water. 
Wlule ve were {massing several guus were leveled at as. but sacli 
waa the doim that if any were fired we did not bear them. We 
were glad when we passeil oot of ran^ and hearing. While 
pasBin^ we oaoght a g1im|K<ie of the cause of the tmasual dis- 
tarbanee, some whisky barrels, nod dmnkea savagM around 
theitt, stamering, fighting or lying on the ground in dmnkcD 
etopor. Lauding »( Samuels' camp, we learned of him that one 
Myers had hidden a couple of barrels of whisky on Kanabec 
river, that the IndUue bad found them, and the jollifiratton we 
had witueeMHl wonM tavt till the wfaisky was all gtme. W~e 
arrived at Stillwater without ftarthex adventum. 

In July I made another viidt to Prairie da Ohirn. The mail 
packet for Fort Snelliug. on which I expected to retnm. broke 
her AmU and rrlurutxl to Si. Loais for irpaire. The postnaster 



at Prairie do Chien offered me eeveuty dollars to carry the mail 
to the Fort, which offer I uctepttd. I bought a skiff, bluiikets 
and provLsious, hired one man and started. We poled, paddled 
and rowed agiiin^t a strong current, the low wat«r compelling us 
to keep near the centre of the river. We arrived at Bully W't- Us* 
on Lake X*epin on the tit\h evening and politely asked the privi- 
lege of stopping -with him and wore promptly rcftiscd. It was 
raining very hard at the time. We drew our skill' up on the 
shore, tamed it over for a shelter, and crawled beneath it with 
th# mail. As it waH a cold, wet night, we Huffered neverely. As 
we were passing an island above He<l Wing, the day following, 
we saw some Sioax Inilian wigwams, and, as we had no (ire- 
water and no food to spare we kept close to the oppasito shore. 
We were, however, observed. An Indian appeared, on the shore 
near the wigwams and beckoned to ns to cross over. We made 
no reply but kept steadily on our course, observing, meanwhile, 
that the Indian, with his gun, was skulking along through the 
brush, apparently bent on overtaking and waylaying un. We 
kept a n-sjiectful distance, and Ibrtuuatfly were able to increase 
it, bnt not till we were beyond rifle shot did we dare to pause 
for rest. That night we (9uni>ed without striking a light, and 
next day arrivfxl at Point Douglas. I went no further. The 
harilshipand exposure of this trip brought on a severe illness. 
Mr. David Hone, at whase howi*: I remained for two weeks, un- 
der the care of Dr. Carii, of Stillwater, look the mail to Fort 
Snelliug. Soou'as able I returned to Stillwater. 

In Slay of this year I had made a claim of government nn- 
SQt-veyed laud, covering springs sufficient for a water power. 
\VTiile I was sick at Point Douglas, Joseph Brewster, Martin 
Hower and David B. Loouiis formed a company to build a mill 
aod carry on a logging business. They had :igreed upon me as a 
fourth partner and to build un my claim; Mower and Loomis to 
attend to getting logs, Brewster and Folst>m to build tlie mill. 
We moved to onr claim Oct. G, 1846, and weut to work in 
earnest. We agreed upon the name of Areola for the new 
settlement. The mill was not finished until April 3, 1817, at 
which time Brewster and Folsom sold out their interest and 
roomed to Stillwater. 




Living in Rciltn-ater, .Tan. 1, 1^6, were the following married 
men: Corni'lios Lymau, Sw^raU'S Nelson, Walter R. Vail, Kob- 
ert Kennedy. A.nson Northrnp. Albert Harria, John E. Mower, 
William E. Cove, John Smith, and W. H. C. Folsom. Among 
the unmarried men were: John McKnsiek, C Corll, Jacob 
Fisher, Elam Greely. Edward Blake. Elias MeKeaa, Calvin F. 
Leach, Martin Mower, David B. Loomis, Albion Masterman, 
John Morg:in, Phiuea« Lawrence, Joseph Brewster, John Carl- 
ton, Thimia^ Ranuulell, William Rntherfortl, William Willim, 
Charles Macey, and Lemnel Botlcs. 

Here follows a list of the pioneers of the St Croii valley, in 
18J6. not mentioned elsewhere: Nelson Goodenough, who be 
came a river pilot and settled at Montrose, Iowa; James Patten, 
Hugh McFadden, Edwin Phillips, a millvrighK an ingcnioas. ec- 
centric man, who left the valley iu 1S48: Joseph Brewster, who 
left iu 1S48. and settled iu Eiirlville, Illinois; Sylvest«r Stat«^ 
ler, blacksmith, who removed to Crow Wing eonuty, Minnesota, 
and O. H. Blair, who followed lumbering, a m»u of talent, but 
eccentric. He died iu 1878. The first school was t^iught iu 1S46, 
by Mrs. Ariel Eldridge, formerly Sarah Looiaa Judd. The seoood 
scliiKil was taught in 1S47. by Mrs. Qreenlt^f; the third in 1S48, 
by Wm. MrKusick. A 8c)iool house was built in 1M8. S«r. 
W. T. Bimtwell, a PreAbytvriau minister. preacHed occasionally 
in the reception room of Northrup's hotel. Rev. Eleazer Green- 
leaf, an Episcopalian, came the next summer and established 
regular sen-iees. Prior Uy the organinUion of Stillwater. Rev. 
J. Hnrlbnt. a Methodist minister, had preached in Dakotah, St. 
Croix Falls aud Mnrine. hut organizod no societies. 

The winter of 18^4^-48 wa« very open. All teaming bu.^in(«s 
was done on wheels, except for a few days in DeceuilM>r, iu whicli 
tb«r« was snow enough for sledding. A nev feature in the trade 
of the valley this year niis the rafting and running of logs to 
St Louis. 

In Deeember. l.*U5, Dr. B«>rap. of La Poiute, and others vent 
by ioe and overland with toams lo Pxmlrie du Oiieu. T acoom- 
pftnying them. The first dny vre «iune to INtlnt Douglas, at the 
couflaeuoo of the St Croix aiul the Wsslssippi. Between Still- 



water and Point Douglas, on the route we follon-ed, some dis- 
tance west of tbe liike, we found but one settler, JoHeph Haskell. 
At Point Douglas there were David Hone, a hotel keeper; 
Uttrt2ctl & Bnrris, merchants, uiid W'm. B. Dibble, farmer. Wo 
reached Red WiuR the sceond day. At this place lived the 
fHuiDu.s Jack Frazier, a Sioux half-breed and Indian tradtn-, one 

Pr*«byterian misaionary, Ilev. Denton, and a man named 

Itnsh. James Wells, more familiarly known an "Bnlly Wells," 
lived with an Indian squaw on the west shore of Lake Pepin, 
where stands the town of Frontenac Ou the third day we went 
as lar as Wabasha, on the west side, three miles below Lake 
Pepin, where we found scvenvl French familie-s. We stopped at 
Cratt's hotel. Ou the fourth day we reached Holnus' Landing, 
now Fountjiiu City. There were then but two houses, both uu- 
oocnpied. About noon we passed Wabasha prairie, now the 
site of Winona. It was then covered with Imiian tepees. At 
Trempealean, in the evening of the fifth day, wo found two 
Freuoh families. Ou the next day we reached La Crosse and 
found there two American families. Two days more brought ns 
to Prairie du Chieu. On the way we paswil a few Frouch fami- 
lies, and these, with those previously named, constituted the en- 
tire white population between Stillwater and Prairie du Chien. 
We started on onr return with four two horse teams. Wo 
t*H>k the river road, passing over the ice. In onr company was 
OOP Tibbeltfi, from Fort Crawford, and Jonathan K. McKu.siek, 
f migrating frooi SLiine to St. Croix valley. They were asocial, 
jovial pair, AtCapitaux bluff, Dibble's team w;is ahead, and 
my team second. At this place all halteil to allow the thirty 
ao opportunity of liquoring up, which was done at the rear 
leaxn. Dibble, in going hjiek. left his team unfastened, and 
vhile he was "smiling'' with bis jovial companions the team 
rau away. The hoi-ses soon broke loose from the sled. One 
horse uuuto for the sliore, the other plunged Into au air hole in 
the ice. The entire company rushed to the rescue, and with 
ropes and poles managed, at last, to tioat the horse upon the ice 
in an unconscious condition. All the whisky left by the "smil- 
ing" throng was poured down the horse's throat, butin vain. The 
luiimal was dead. No other event of interest occnrred except 
some difQculties experienced in the transportation of the first 
cat ever brought to Stillwater. *^Tom" was caged in a narrow 


box, and the couGuemeut so chafed his proud spirit that be 
Rickened and at one tinte was reported dead. At the inqa^t 
Jield over his nmiaiiisby Capt. I^tcKiisick, signs of life wer« dis- 
covered, and by liberal blood-letting the vat was n«toriKl .to 
conscionKDess and lived several years aft^rnard, a terror to the 
rats in Stillwater. 

8T1LLWATEK IS 1817. 

For about a year the vriter had been officiating as justice of 
the peace with bnt little official bnsiness, but now and then a 
marriage to celebrate. On one occasion 1 walked to Marine to 
marry W. C. Penny to Jaue MeCansliu. The marriage was cele- 
brated at Barkelo's boarding house. The wedding supper ooo- 
sisted of cold water aud cold port and beans. The following 
morning I did not wait for breakfast but returned to Stillwater 
as I had come, on foot. Another day I rode to Bissell's Mounds 
and united in marriiige John Kejiny and a mulatto woman. 
Friend Kennetly threatened to disown me for thus aiding mfece- 
genation. "Snch things are intolerable," he said, but from 
aught I have ever known to tJlie contrary the couple were well 


On the sixth day of April nn election was held for the ratifica- 
tion or rejection of the constitution adopted by the late terri- 
torial convention for the anticipated state governmeut; also n 
resolution relative to negro sofTrage. and an election was or- 
dered for sheriff. The vote resulted as follows: 

For the constitution, t>5: against., 61. For equal suffrage to 
eiilored persons, I: against, uii. For sheriff, Walter R. Vail, 58: 
W. H. C. Folsoui, 72. . 

There wpn* five precinrta that held olertiuns — Stillwater, St. 
Pnal, Ormy Cloud, Marine, and St. t'roix Falls. 

I immediately gave bonds and qualified as sheriff, and the 
s:\me day t<^K»k charge of two criminals. Chippewa Indians, who 
had l»ecu committ«*d by me for munler. while acliug as ju.stioe. 
I had previously depulixed Ham Gai4« to take care of them. 
While in Stillwater tli*-y were coufininl in the basement of the 
pott nffit'c buildiug. Their uamefi were Xotlin aud Xofihe-ke- 



o-g^ma. The latter wiiH the son-in-law of Xodiu. They were 
■very obedient and tractable, and I treated them kindly, for 
vbieh Nwlin repeatedly told me he would show me a copper 
mine on Kanabec rii'er. Nodin died not long after his trial, 
and before he coald redeem his promise. The copper mine is 
yet uudiscovered. Fort Snolling was. at that- time, the recepta- 
cle for criminal!^ in this region, and le the Fort I carried these 
prisoners with a t«im, — Ham Gates being driver, — unshackled, 
unbound, my only weapon a pistol without a lock. In May I 
isammoned jurors and visited Kanabec river to procnre wit- 
neeses 1q the case against Xodiu and Ne-sho-keoge-ma for the 
murder of Heury Kust. The first uigbt I stopped with B. F. 
Otis, on the St. Croix, where Taylors Falls is now situated. On 
thettecond day I crossed the river and proceeded up the east 
Hide to Wolf creek, thence crossing to the west side, up as far 
as SunriHe river. There was nu iciliabitaiit, Hauiuels haviug 
VAcnted his slianty. I cr4)sse(-i the river with gre;it difficulty. 
The water was high, the current was strong and swift, and I 
o>a]d not swim. 1 fonnd a fallen trtn*, partly under water, cnt 
a pole, waded ont as tar ns i could into the current, and then by 
the aid of the pole floated down some distance, until by pawing 
Mid splasliing I wa« able to reach tbe other shore. That night I 
stopped with an old Indian trader, Mr. Connor, who, with his 
lodiau wife, welcomed me to his bark shanty, divided into rooms 
by handsome mat^, aud made mo quite comfortable. He had 
plenty of good food, and entertained me besides by a fund 
of anecdotes, incidents in Tudian history, aud adventures of 
traders, trappers and missionariw* in the Lake Superior and 
Si. Croix region. He was a very intelligent and genial man. 
Next day I went to Russell's farm, paddled a canoe to Ground 
Hoit^e river, and traveled thence on foot to Ann river, where I 
found Ihe partlesof whom I was in quest, Greely, Colby. Otis aud 
others, a jolly log driving crew, with whom I spent a very pleas- 
aui eveuiug. On the returu journey, about two miles al>ove the 
mouth of Ground river, I saw the ruius of thi^ trading 
hotue in which Henr\'- Rust was killed. RuHt, at the time of his 
mnrder, was selling whisky for .Tack Drake. Rev. SV, 'X, Bout- 
wcU gives the following account of the murder: "In the winter of 
*4C and *47 I visited the camps of Kent & True and Greely 
& Blake. Ou one occasion I met Rust, and a.sked him to come 



and honr me preach. He did not attend. On this day T preache*! 
at three camps. On the following night, at Greely's camp, came a 
mtditighl visitor with word that Bast bad been shot. Seventy- 
6ve men armed themselves with all kinds of weapons, proceeded 
t« the scene of the trugtsly, rt!moved the body of Rust and all 
valuables from.the house, knocked ont the heads of two whisky 
barrels and fired the house, the whisky greatly aiding the com- 
bustion. I removed the body to Pokeg-vma and buried it there. 
Forty men attended the funeral. They held a meeting anfl 
i*esolved to clear the country of whisky. They commenced by 
de«4traying two tmrrels of it for Jarvis. He begged hard for his 
whisky, saying he Wiis a poor man, and in debt to Prank Steele at 
Fort SneHing. The response was, 'Ont with ycmr whisky,' and 
it was destroyed before his eyes. The whisky of two other ti-ad- 
ing stations followed. For a brief period there was peace, but 
the whisky soon put in an appearance again.'' 

The first term of district court held in Minnesota, then Wis- 
consin, was convened in Stillwater, the connty scat of St Croix 
county, June 1st. It wsvn held in the upper story of John Mc- 
Kusick's store southwest corner of Malue and Myrtle stitwts, 
Hon. Charles Dunn presiding. The session lasted one week. 
The bounds of St. Croix county then included Crawford county. 
Wiscoiuiiu, ou the south. Brown county, Wisconsin, and the 
I^ike Supt^rior country on the east^ the region as far as the Brit- 
ish ]>osses8ions on the north, and to the Mississippi river on the 
west- The jurors were found M'ithln a circuit of a hundred 

The grand jury was composed of the following gentlemen: 

Jonathan MeKnsick. J. W. Furber. J. L. Taylor, W. R. Brown. 
Chas. Cavalier. J. A. Ford. Hazen Mooers, C. Lyman. C, A. 
Tattle, Hilton Doe, Elnm <»reely. Martin Mower. Jr., Edward 
Blake. W. B. Dibble. Harmon Craudall, Jerry Ross. James 
Saunders. Joseph Brown, J. R. Irviut;, J. W. Simpson, John 
Holton, Pascal Aldrich, 4nd Albert Harris. 

Joseph B. Brown acted as clerk of conrt. Jonathan B. McKo- 
Bi<dc w foreman of the grand Jary, and Morton S. Wilkinson as 
proepcnting attorney. 

The attorneyii present were: M. S. Wilkinson, of Stillwat«r; 
A. Bmnaon, of Prairie du Chieu; R'n C Kutman. of Platte^ 
ville, Crawford and Frank Dunn, of Mineral Point. There vren> 



■bill few civil cofiej?. Nodiii ami Xt-she-ke-o genia were iiirtictcd 
for murder, tiied and acqnittfd on the ground tliat tliL- killiiig 
wa8 the result of a drunken brnw). 

This s(^;iNon. iu nddilion to attending to my dutici* as slirntV. I 
went to St. Ijonis with n raft of logs. The steamer War Kti^le, 
Cspt. Sniitb Harris, towed tUrough the two lakes, St. Croix 
and Pejiin, a tlfel containing ten ucres of logs. Ouriiig the 
winter of IS4T-S, I w:ls engaged in logging. It wasdiflicidt to 
get 8n|iplieH to the pineriet* l>efore the hwamps were frozen over. 
ThU Kensoii m^' goods were taken by batleauH from Stillwater to 
Clani lake. 


A WiiicT in the Stillwater Lumbvrman, .Vpril 23, 1877, gives a 
ftkclcliy aoeomit of an old time ball, from whicii Me select a few 

An-Sijii Xorttirnp kept what we called a first cla'ts hotel. Ff a 
man hatl blankets he eonid spread them upon the llooraiid sleep 
till the twil rang. If he had none he Kprend himself on the tioor 
Bnd paid for his lodging by tending st-ove and keeping the dogs 
from figliitug. It wiw Qiifs of the aristocratic niles of the houtse 
lb.-U. a man who slept in blankets wns not to be disturbed by 

At one lime our popular landlord got np a ball. He sent 

rotind a copper colored card, — a haU'breed ludiau boy, — to tell 

all the folks to come. Everybody wa.s invited. At Ihi: appointed 

hour they begiin to a&semble. Soon all in town airived except 

one Smith. Frctpient inquiries were made tor Smith, and at 

Vint a depntation was sent to inquire the cause of hisa1»sence; 

wh»-n it transjiiretl that he had broken his leg. Ho said he was 

^*:lliirig the landlord roll a barrel of whisky from the landing 

wli'-'!i the barrel slipped, and. rolling back on his leg, bmke it. 

^onhrnp said that he h:wl bet him one gallon of whisky that he 

">"M not lift t!ie barrel to his lips an*! drInU from the bung. 

^" 'Upiiipting |o iln this the barrel had clipped from his grasp 

*''!' till: rctinlt before mentioned. The wife regretted the acci* 

flwit veiT nmcli. and Kjiid that if it bad not been for that barrel 

*^ '^hisky, or s<"ime other whisky, (hi.*y might hii\ « both attended 

''j'* dance. She conld have put ont the Ore, lo(4tcd up the bouse. 

tk"*! up Ihe (log aiiJ taken ber uiiif ilayt.' old baby witli ber. 
"TJicre would be younger babies ai the dance.'' she said. 

Everytbing was ready. Tbe ball opened wiih tbrec "French 
fours." or two over. Tbey danced a Freueb two, llie umsic cou- 
Histing of one old vioUn with three strings, plaved by u liulT- 
breed I'roin SI. Croi:s Falls. He played but one tune and eaUeO 
it, 'Otrshe goes tn ^fininiaelu'e." This earned a "Freut'h 
four" well enough, but whtu we danced a cotillion or hornpipe 
theiv wa.s a great deal of rolling around instead of dancing. 
WV often called lor a new tuue. **0h, yes, gentlemen, you sball 
bave him," but when we gut him it was the Siinie old "Oif she 
foes." Ho worked hard to please tbe company and the unreal 
rolled down his uianly cheeks like the droppiugs from the eaves 
of a saw mill; but all this would uot do; it was the stuie old 
•'Off she goes.*' There were iweniy-four couples at (be ball. 
The ladies brought with them their tmbies. fourteen in number, 
and r.LUgiug fruin six week^ tu six months old. The night passed 
merrily, uproariously, but without tragic incident. The fiddler 
became at last so tipsy that he could no longer play ''OlTshe 
goes to Mirumachec." and staggered off to that locality himself. 
The only thing direful occurred at the bi-eaking up, about five 
o'clock in the morning. The fourteen babies bad l>ei*n laid to 
sleep on a be<l. but some malevolent genius duiing the dance 
mixed them up aud changed their wm|)S. so that the mothers, in 
the hurry of their departure, g-.ithered aud took home with tbem 
each one some othi-r mother's darling, aud this deponent saith 
not that tlic snarl has ever Ik^'h untangled nnd the babies i*e> 
stored to their rightful mothers. 

"With the year 1S4^ a new em dawned ui>on Stillwater and the 
valley of the St. Croix. Gnrat changes had takeu place in tbe 
little town. There wcix* many new citizens, new buildings liad 
been erected aud Ihe streets were much improved. Slnbs had 
been placed over the qnagmirt's on >[ain stnt-t, A stage i-onle 
bad been establishetl to St. Paul, on which stages ran regnhn ly. 
This wa8 the first stage route in Minnesota. 

The iHtrreclion Hues of the goverumeiii survey had been run 
in lt>4&-7, chielly in the latter yrar. Township, range and S'Ctioti 
Hoes were ran in 1S47, and in the early pari of 1848. Prior to 
this claim<i had Iwen madf and were held subieti to the limita- 
tions of tbf fir^t b-giil survey. The crenlion of the new ^-tat" of 



WisconsitJ and tlie prospective organization of Minnesota Ter- 
rittryi, the development of the lumbering tnisiu^s and the 
fortiial operiDg of tlie government lands to entry, gave an im- 
pi^liu to ImmigTation. Stillwater profited largely by this iin- 
migratioQ^ it being an objective point* Population increased, 
Tbp viUage was rt^gularly surveyed and platted in the fall of 
IMS, Uarvey Wilsou, sarv^'yor. StiUwater, although it never 
a>«pirf4l to be the fatnre capital of the Territory, became a head- 
<iiua.rt«rfi fo»- political characters and a plaoe for public meetings 
►r tht^ discussions of territorial and other public iinestions. It 
kOOnveDieut of access, aud cout^ained up to that timeagreater 
popnlation than was to be found in St. Paul, aud it seemed 
Hfeelj to ijecome the commereial metropolis of tbe Territory. 





Joseph Rexshaw Brown, one of th** host known of the pio- 
neers, cttme to Dakota!), .Sehiilenberg's adUitlou, in lS3!t. For 
items ill his history I nm pei-soually iudebted to biiu. He was 
born in ISOS. and, when old enough. ap[>rcntiocd to a printci'. 
Ou aciHiunt of ill treatment ho nm away and eulistud in the 
United Stat«*.s army at the age of fourteen ywir-s, serving as a 
dnimnicr Imy. He canie with the army to the Northwwtt Tfrri- 
tory in lSl!t. After enlistment he made his tirst home nt Gray 
Cloud on the ^^[Ississiiipi, where lie married a half-hreed woman. 
Wisconsin history says she was the daughter of Kot>ei*t Dickson, 
Indian trader and friend of the English in 1S12. He learned 
ftnd spoke the Chippewa and Sioux languages fluently. In 1839 
he Ibuudcd the town of D.ikotah, nt the hea<l of Lake 3t. Croix, 
aud erected some log baildings. Through his iufluenee, in part, 
St. Croix oounty was urguuized, aud the county seat located in 

He built here a two story log eourt house, which, the eoanty 
foiling lo pjiy for, was left, upon his hands. He kept a trading 
station, was clerk of the countj" court and county commissioner. 
He filled several offices of trust and was by far the most impor* 
tant and uuivei-sally serviceable man in the new county of St. 
Croix. In l^i:J he left Dakotah, and reinrning to Gray Gond, 
ooutiuaed his Indian trade at that point and further west by 
means of branch houses. He was a member of the territorial 
Wisconsin legislature two s««sious at Madison. He returned to 
8tiUwat4^r in 1.S4S, left again in 1819, and in 1850 removed to St. 
Paul, when-, in 1H,V2. he jvui-chasi'd of Mr. Goodhue the Pio- 
neeff then the U-:iiline Democrutic paper of the Territory'. Mr. 



BroTD was chief clerk in the Minnesota territorial legislature 
during tbu sessions of 1S40, 1850 and 1851. la 1854 and 1855 he 
w;isBnieudH-rof thir territorial eoiinril. In 1857 he was a iiiemher- 
of the Democratic wing of the constitutional convention. Uur- 
injf his residence in St. PanI he was intereste*! in bnilding np 
the town of Hendei-son. to which place he ran a stage line from 
St. Paul. About this time, also, he busied hiiusolf with the in- 
Tpntion of a steam wagon, t'aleulat<^d to travei*se the western 
plains and drag after it trains of cai-s. Financial and other dif- 
ficnltics prevented the completion of his design, which, however, 
lie never entirely abandoned during the remainder of bis lif& 
III fact he went East in 1870 expressly to get Ids iuvcntion pcr- 
fectedf but from this journey he never returued. He died aome- 
-vhat suddenly in Xew York in that year. 

Mr. Brown wjw a man of iron will and musi-ular frame. He 
oireil but little to schools, but w-as a close observer of men and 
of the times in which he lived. He was a genial companion and 
true friend, and a man of honorable principles. Ilis was a rug- 
ged but generous nature. He was public spirited, far seeing and 
fiir reaching in bis plans. He believed in the great Northwest. 
He pi-eilict«d it^ future greatness as n wheat growing and agri- 
cultural country, and. us far back us 1339. predicted that a great 
city would rise at the head of Lake St. Croi.\ or at the Falls of 
St. Anthony. Yet so little sebooled was he in the wisdom of the 
itpif^ulator that he wtid the property in St. Paul ni)w known as 
Kittson's addition, and worth several millions of dollars, for 
one hundred and lilly dollars, and a lot on Third street, now 
rained at $25.0tHI, for a Ijos of cigars. 

Paui-C'ahi.i. — Mr. ('arli was of German and Italian descent. 
He was born in Italy. July 25. 1805. His father was n merchant. 
He wa-s married lu Chicago, iu 1834, to a sister of Joseph R. 
Brown, and moved in 1841 to the outlet of Bolles creek, on the 
west side of Lake St. Croix, to a place near the site of Atlou. 
Id 1846 he was accidentally drowned in the lake, within sight of 
hi^ dwelling. Uis children, Joseph K. and Maria, arc residents 
of Stillwater. 

OBBISTorHER C.lRU. brother of Paul, was boru at Frank- 
fort-on-the-Main, Cfcrmaiiy. I>ee. 7, ISII. The yotilh of Chris- 
topher was devoted tu study. He was educatinl at Heidellwrg 
I.' Diversity, and stmlied medicine, lie came to America in 



February, 1S32. The March following he located in Buflalo, 
where he practiced Diedicinc three years, and retnrned to Europe 
wh«rt! he reiuaiued two years. Returuing to AmtTita. ho prac- 
ticed a year in Cliirago, a yciir in N(;w OHtyins and anothir y<*ar 
in Chicago. He came to Dakotab, St. Croix valley, May 24, 
1841. March 12, 1S47. he vnw married to the widow of Paol 
Carli, Joseph K. Bi-owu otiiciating as magistrate, lie wiis the 
first practicing physician north of Prairie du Chien. His home 
was at Dakotah until the organijHition of .Stillwater. lie opened 
Ms first ofDcf on the west side of Lower Main street, block liS. 
His practice extended from Lake Pepin to Lake Superior and 
from Menoniouie Mills. Wisconsin, to the Mi&si^ssippi river. 
HiK mode of travt*! was by bircli t;anoe, on horeeback, on skates 
and on foot. He was a member of the first city oonncil in Still- 
water and has been city and county physician. He opened the 
first bank in Stillwater when fractional carrency was in demand. 
His floating scrip was all redeemed. Two chitdi-en. Christopher 
and Socrates X., ai'e niarried and residents of Stillwater. Dr. 
Carli died Nov. «, 1S87. 

Lytma Ann Cari.i. — Mrs. Carli has passed through many 
stirring scenes, and is one of the finit female settlers in the St. 
Cniix rall<?\. A tincnt and interesting talker, her recitals of 
parly incidents and adventures are. heart enlivening. Lydia Ann 
Brown was born in Lancaster, IVnn.. March 18, 1K18. In ISW 
she came with friends to Chicago, where in ISSflshe was married 
to Paul Carli. She came to Dakotab in 1S4I, and lived thereuntil 
1844. The village was surrouuded by Iiidiaus and there was no 
white woman ueurer than Mariue, twelve miles distant. lo 1844 
thi' Carlis removt^d to the mouth of Bolles creek, near .Ifton. on 
Lake St. Croix, where they built themselves a two story house 
commanding a picturesque view of the lake and the adjacent 
prairies and liills. It wjts a lone t«?nement. midway between 
Proscott and Stillwater. Mrs. Carli having lost her hnsliand as 
before narrated, iu 1847 was married u> his brother. Dr. Chris- 
topher Carli. 

Phineah Lawrence. — But little is known of tlie early life of 
Mr. Tjiwreuee. He had been a river pilot. He the first 
sheriff elected in the Si. Croix volley, or northwest of ['rairie 
dn Chien. Ue was elected and qualified iu 1841. On serving 
the first and only sauimon*^ he wa.s ever called npon to serve, be 

T >^'. ^.- A 

7- t ' 



nppi*oachc(i tbe putty en riinioned, IioMiiiij up to view the docu- 
motita. and exclaimed: "1, Phiuwis Lawrence, high sheiiff ot* 
6l. (Ji-oix county, in the narue.oC the United States and of the 
Immueuhite God, couiDitiud you to surreadcr.'' He was it robiisl, 
fleshy, rJieerl'iiL luiiu, and felt in all their foi'cu ihe ri^purisibili- 
ties of the piisition in which h« was pla<:cd. His name luis been 
jjiven to a i:i*eek in Chisago county, where he once logged. JJi* 
died in BLillwut«r in lt^7. 

Jacob Fishek.— Jacob Fisher, a inillwriKlit, came to St. 
Croix Falls iu 1842, and bein^ a skille<l uiechaiiic found employ- 
inent at once ou the old mill at the Falls. He mad« the firet 
land claim and framed the lirst building in 8tillwnt'<fr. The 
buildinj; frAuii>d van the mill of which mention hiL8 been mnde^ 
This e(4t-abli!»h4?tf b)8 claim to priority as the first white man who 
mode a movement toward the settleiueut of Stillwater. Othei'S 
-were before him iu thu settlement of Uukot^ih or ScUulcnberg's 
addition. 3Ir. Fisher Is a plain,, outspoken man, who hna 
jxi> ti-onble iu making his hwirt-i-h undct-sland exactly what he 
weans. He w:ls born in Canada in 181:!, and stilt ifsides in 
Stillwat^^r. He Uns a wife and one son in C'sdifomia. 

jAUfc>4 S. AsDKKHON was born at Marshalltowii, West Vir- 
ginia, on the fourth of Febrnary. IS'iG. When he was twelve 
years old his parents removed with him to linrliiigton. Iowa. 
Tfheru he lived lor eight years. He came to StiUwatc^r in 1S4C, 
where he but» since resided. In 1S»2 ho was married to Miss 
Hurriet T. McDonald, at St. Lonis. by whoni he has hn<l four 
children. lhre<; of whom are now living — Kobert M, AmUM-aiin, 
prnminently known in lumber circle*, and Missen Sibella S. and 
Ella 1*. Anderson. I'pon Mr. Aiidei-son's arrival at Stillwater, 
beenpigeil in the employ of EltJis McKean, then a prominent 
lumberman, now a resident of Washington county. In ]$f)9 
Mr. Anderson formed u partnership with William McKusicfc, 
John A. Xi-lstiu and Alexander Jnhusuu. tuiderthe lirm name of 
McKusick. Anderson & Co.. which Arni built and opei^ted the 
large saw miliopposite Stillwater. Four years ago Mr. McKusick 
retired from the firm, since which time the tirm has been J. S. 
Anderson & Co. Iu 1874 Mr. Andei-son became the senior niem- 
Wr of a hHa\y logging firm known as Andersou & O'Brien, of 
whioh the other uieudtei-s were the well, known luutbermeu J. S. 
and John O'tirien. In connection with his other business inter> 




eats Mr. Andersan was a beaTyovner of pine UutH »nd :i Rtock- 
boldcfr and director in the Lomherman*tt Xational Riink. Thoro^! 
were two otbn* vril known Inmber firms of aaeicDt Uato with 
wfaich h« was connected, aod these were HcComb. Siiupsou & 
Co., orgamnd in 1S50. and also IMat»o. HcEusiek & Co.. urgau- 
iz^ in 1S57. From 1857 to 1^69 he was a]>u) a li*>avy lo^gtr 
alour*. Xr. Andenon di«d May S, 1385. Hik death n'siiltcd, 
from a mill accident, his mbber roat haring eaiigbt in the belt- 
ing of a shaft rerolving at n rapid rate. Uis IkkIv was frigbt- 
follj- mangled, bnt he sarrifed two days, exhibitiug. under thc^ 
cimmstaBCCs, the ntost remarkable composure, dictnling hf^| 
win and amngiog his tmsSoess matters as calmly as he might^ 
hare done on an ordinate occaeiou. 

EmaM'el Dixon Faiuiek was born in Tennessee in 1828,| 
and came to Stillwater in imx where he has resi«le<I ever sincew 
engaged in the lnnil>€ring nnd salmm bnsines». He was nmrrii 
to Parmelia A. Collier, in Stillwater, 1S4S. 

Col. John Greely. — Col. Greely was sixty ycai-s ol' age 
when he come to the West, and although a strong, active and 
enterprising man in tbeearlior i>art of his life, owing to advanc-^ 
ingycy*n«aud ill health was rather a spectator thnn mi nolivo 
participant in the stirring scenes of his new home. He bom 
at Southitniploii. Ma8f<<tehu>«tts. April, 1777. Ue wjis umrried to 
Hauuiih Gn-ely, a secoucl cousin, at Hopkiulon. Xt-w Hampshire. 
Oct. 5. ISOl. He followwlthe lumbering business on Ih^* Mt-rrimac 
river in early life. He furnishtHl the timber u.s«Mi in erecting th 
first fiictory in Lowell. )Ia.ssachnM>tts, cut ou the monutains o 
Xorth New Hampshire. In alter life be moved to the w<^t end 
of Sel>ec bike, Maine, when* In- founded the town at tirst named 
Grcciy, bat afterward Wiltininntic, now the sit»* of i-jctensive 
manufactories where the famous Willimantic thread is uiade^ 
Col. Greely came to Stillwater in 1S47. 

Bora during the Revolutionary struggle, he lived to witnesa 
the marvelous growth and prosperity of his country and died 
during the lirst year of the war of the Uel>ellion. Aged :is he 
M'as. having entered npon his eighty-fifth year, be whs intensely 
interested in the issue of that struggle, and ardently desired to 
livn long enough to witut^-^ the triumph of his conutry's canse,.^ 
It wan not U> Im. He sink peacefully to rest. Oct. .JO, 1861, 
dying as ho bad lived, au honest man, his memory revered by 





hitu. and cherished by three genenitions of de- 
-MeDdants. His ohiUlren wore three sons and five Uauglitoi"s — 
t^arah. Mrs. Blake, Mrs Greeuleaf, and Phebe and Serbia, wives 
ot .lobo MelCusirk. Miss Siindi alone siirvivee. 

Mrs. Hannah Grf.ei.t. — Mrs Greyly. th« wife of Ool. John 
Ottely. was Imrn in Hopkinton, Xew Haiiipwhire, October, 1787. 
eame to Stillwater in 1W7 :nui died May, 1S7.S, at tin; advanced 
ogi^ of nJQcty yeai-s. For sixty j'ears she and her hnsb:ind 
»'aiked side by side. She survived iiim seventeen years, and, 
After 11 life well speutw rejsignedly folded her hands and sank to 
her Inst repose. 

Gl-AM GKEELY.^Elam, son of Col. John Greely, was born in 

SiiJisbury, New Hampshire, Ang. 13, ISlS. and, with his parents, 

ttiO"ved to Maine, where they made their home on Sebec lake. 

'o 1 SUt Mr. Greely came to St. Croix Falls, where he was eni- 

P'o.S'wi by the St. Croix Falls Company the greater part of the 

'i'a.^ uatil 1S43. when be l»ccanie a settler at the head of Lake 

*f' CTroi.v. He wiis one of the original ownera of the first iniU at 

Stiil water. In 1844 he sold his interest to Joliii McKQsitk. The 

****-« year he w:isappoint«d po.stmaster at Stillwater. The office 

Wa^ located at the southwest corner ( f Main and Chestnut streets. 

■^^ r. Greely tilled uiiiinMiffice-sof liouor and trust lueritoriouslv. 

fjie "«ifas a iiiemtM^r of the third anil hmrth Minnesota territorial 

«**» »T|tj|jj j„ 1^1^ j„ conipimy witl! Edward lllako, he did an 

^'^'-^^nsive pine log business, running the logs to St. Louis, in 

whi^,|, hosine^g he continued until the death of Mr. Blake in 

^^ r. Oreely ejirly identified himself Mith the iatercsts of Still- 

^^^-^-T. (if which ho was one of the fonndera, and which owes 

w^^ih of it* prosperity to his eft'ortfl. Ue was married in Ke- 

0***taii. Wisconsin, in IS.'JO. to HanuiUi P. llluinan, who, with 

l"***?« children, a son and two danghters, survives him. His ohl- 

^ Run ilied Oct. 21. 1S76, Sir. Greely had many severe re- 

^^*B« in business, but by indomitable energy recovered from 

ln^*in. nnd was able not only to care lor his aged jiarents, to bring 

thvnt from Miiine nnd keep them with him until separsited by 

i^'r-xxh, bat to leave his family well provided for. He died snil- 

'^»ii'y awiiy from home, Sept. 14, 18S3. His body was brought 

i"J>lillwQior for burial. 

HiMAN Greei.y. — Hiinan, sou of CJol. John Greely, was born 



ia FraokUn, Xew Hampshire. October. 1S3S. Uc came to Slill- 
Tat«r in 1$46. when he folloved Ibc busiuess of liiiiilM>riiig. la 
1650 be WW Married to Lncia Dnrting. After a 1>ru-r r(!si>lpnce 
in Stillwater, he recaoved to Beaaford. BIqp £arth county, wb«re 
he rvmaincd nmil bi$ death in IS&L His wife survived him but 
a few tooDtks. The bodies of both were reoiortHl and Imried 
in Fainiew oemececr, SUUwater. Mr. Grecly applii-d hiinselt 
doaelj to baaoees, and vaaaa hom':§t. uprigbt and {utolligoiiC 
man. His t^tucaiion was derived cfaiedy from readiug aud ob- 
fierralion. He left two sons. 

Aqcilxj, CttEELT. — Atiuilla, the yonngt>Kt son of Col. Greely. 
was bom in Greely. Maine, Jane, IWI. Daring hi« youth he 
Rpeut several years with friends in Cuuada, where he learned the 
art of surreyiug. He came to Minue.soca in 1819, and followed 
surveying and lamberiug. He died iu Stillwater, April 23, 

EUAS M<Keax. — A thorough business man. an ecceatrio 
man, notably so, au apt man. ready in reply, somewhat harsh, if 
irritatetl, but kind in heart and forgiving in spirit, ia Elia-s Mc- 
Kean. He was born in Bradford couuly, Pennsylvania. June 30, 
ISn, and n»reived a practical education. His father wa^^ n iuhd 
of souio note, and for twenty eight yeai*s a circnit judge in Penn- 
sylvania. Eli:»s McKean came to St. Cioix Falls In 1S41. nnd 
for a year was iu the employ of the Falls Company, but after- 
ward engaged suci-essfuUy in busine»i for hiuisclf. He was one 
of the original proprietors of the Stillwater mill, and one of the 
founders of Stillwater. In 1S50 hf settleil on a farm ou thn west 
aidenfUike St. Croix. In 1855 he w.'vs mnrried to the widow 
of Calvin F. Leach, nnd a family of six sons has grown up around 

CXLXts F. Leaoh. — We are not able to give date or place of 
birth. Mr, Leach rami' to St. Croix Falls iu 1R42 and soou after 
came to the head of r>:ike St. Croix, and iK'wunc one of the or- 
iginal ownere of the mill, nnd a founder of the city of Stillwater. 
In 1850 he was married to MIsa — Smith, of St. Anthony, He 
died in St. Louis in 18.'>3. He was modest and rHiring iu bia 
demeanor, correct in his deportment juid i-csi>ected by all his ac- 
quaint aneeK. 

SocuATEi* Xeijson*. — Mr. Nels<tn w:ia born iu Conway, Ma.s-sji- 
chuKctLs, Jau. 11. 1S14, received au oeademiceduciition, was mar- 



riedtoMre, Berlhsi D. TfcirtMt iii 1R14, al Hpnnepin, 111., and the 
saiiiB year iinne to Stillwater, ami oiigaj^ed in spiling- ^ixhIs. 
Previons to hi.s reinovrtl to Stillwnter bo engaged in niercliniidis- 
iag in Illinois, iu 1830, nnd in St. Lonis from IMO to 18-14, where 
he establisbed n trading post on tUo Mississippi ncnrl}' opposite 
Ke^'d's Lauding, at a place since known as Nelson's Lauding. 
Mr. NelKon was the fii'st merchant in Stillwater. His store 
stood on Main street. He built a substantial dwelling and lived 
in ir nntil his death. May G. 1S67. He filled many public posi- 
tions, was territorial auditor from 1853 to 1857, and was a senator 
la the second slate legislature. As a merchant he was very sue- 
owsful. being Utted by nature rorcummercial pursuits. In 1853, he, 
witii others, built a saw mill in South Stillwater and engaged in 
Inmbering. He was of a free and generous disposition iu all his 
relations of life. He conveyed, lu* a donation to Washington 
connty, a half interest iu the block of land on which the court 
hoibte stands. His liberality and public spirit did much for the 
prwipvrity of Stillwater. His wife and on** daughter, Mi's. Fa- 
yell* Marsh, survived him, hut Mrs. Marsh died in 18S0. She 
was a woman of t^eoC sweetness of disposition, and beloved by 
all who knew her. His widow died in 1SS5. 

3IKS. SorKATEs Nelson. — Bertha V. was born at Conway, 
Franklin connty, Massachusetts, Sept. fi, 1813. She was married 
to Geo. A. Bartlett. of Conway, iu 3838. and removed with him 
lo Kuoxville, Illinois, where h»^ died. She returned to her 
parents in Massachn-scttH, and removed with Lhem to Hennepin, 
HUnois. In the fVill of 1844 she was niarrie<l to Socnites Nelson, 
and came with him to Stillwater. She died Oct. 8, 1885. She was 
th*- last- of her family, husband and daughter having preceded 
Ikt tip the world of spirits. The large attendance of old settlers 
from Washington county and elst-where at her funeral, and the 
b*?aatiful floral tributes coutribuU^d by her friends, attested but 
partially the resjwtt and veneration in which she was held. 

EowAKlJ Blakr. — Of Mr. Blake-s fiirly history we have no 
data. He eame to the St. Croix valley in company with Klani 
Greely in 1810, engaged in lumbering, and died in 1849, 

Walter R. Vail. — Mr. Vail, the second merchant in Still- 



vat«r. tame West in ISU. Be boOt a stor«, with dwelling at- 
tacked, jost soath of Socnacs Xelsoa's store, which bnildings 
are sCiU ttaadii^ and oceniHed f L896). Mr. Vail was not sur- 
eesfifal io basiness and raorcd away in 1S4S. 

JoHx E. MowESc — Mr. Mower wis bom in Bangror, Moiue. Sept. 
IS, 1615. He was ntarried to Gratia Remick, in Ketikuk. Town, in 
1542, and rMBorpd to St. Croix Falls where he entered the em- 
ploy of the Falls Lamberiag Oompooy. Two j'ears later he re- 





A fttAmro. Ata 

moved to Stillwnter, where he bnilt the second fnime dwelling, 
still standing. Mr. M<.itt'i*r mis ii milln ri^lit and I'urpcnter. but 
was engaged in luiulK'iing must uf his (iuie. Hf punliiiMffl an 
interest in the mill {troperly at Areola, in 1^7, whi<'h pliice he 
made his home until liis death, whieh ofcnned .Inne H, 1S79. 
He left n widow iind three d;iughu*rs, Uelen. wife of the late 
Louis Toriuu.s: Emily, wife of Henry Von Voorhccs; and Slary, 


vife of — Richanlson. One son died aTtcr iirriving at nmnbood. 
Mr. Mover was a pleasant, reliable man, a kind busbiind and 
loviDg father. He W4is honored by his fellow eitizens with an 
election to the fifth and sixth territorial councils, and to the 
sereatcenth state legislature (house). The territorial legisla- 
tore affixed his nnme to a county. 

MaRTIX Mower. — Martin, brother of John E. Mower, came 
to St. Croix Falls iu 1842, and worked in the employ of the 
Falls Company. Afterward he engaged in lumbering and be- 
came one of the original proprietors ol' the Areola mill. He was 
also engaged in nuiiiufaeturing and merchandi.sing in Stillwater. 
Hp liiiilt a line blot-k of buildings on Chestnut street, recently 
hnroed down and rebuilt on a larger scale. He hj»s been 
one of the managing owuer.-* of the St. Croix Boom Company 
from its origin. His business interests have l>een divided be- 
t«Yen Stillwater and Areola, but he has made the latter place 
hiii home since ISAti. As a business man he is capable and 
shrewd, giving dose attention to his businc.s.s: in his mauner 
somewhat eccentric. He has done n)uch to imi)i-ovethe farming 
ami other interests of the country. 

WiLLiAii WiLLiM. — A firm, consistent, worthy citizen and 
trni- friend of his adopted country is William Willlni. He was 
Ihhii ill till* i»:irisli of \Vi>olho)»e, IIiTcloriishirc, Eiijiliind, June 
Ji».UvJl;(-aiin* ti» Aimrii-Jiiii to Sli!l\v;itcr in 1S44. He 
w;is iiiariird in 1.S17 lo Claiii tl. HLskcIl. :iinl. al'tiT ln'i* di'iitli in 
l^'iii. to .loanna \\". Iliiimiiii. Mr. AVilliin i-^ :i stonemsison. 
Iil;i>|iTfr iiinl coiiti-actor. He was a miMuln'i- ol'tln- sixth !Minnc- 
wita tiTritorial lrgi>latnre. and lias filled many rt'sponsihlc po- 
-ili'His in Stillwater. Mr. Willirirs was the naturalization 
ilialiHfiin-. d in ilit- limits of .Minnesota. Tlu' oath of allegiance, 
a Niiiifwiiat uniiiue and original {lociinient ol" its kind, beais 
liiili- (if .Jiiu" IS. IS47. Stillwater, St. Croix eoinity. Wisconsin 
Ti-rritnry. and is si^Mied l»y Joseph H. Birnvn. 

Ai.ia;j:T HAitins. — Mr. H;uTis was a native of Maine. He 
wa> Imin in JSl.'i and niarri"d to ^liss (Ji-i-fiileaf in IS-U. who 
'iii-iliii is.',;{. II,. eaiiie t<) Stillwater in lSI."i, where he died in 
!>.*•'». leaving one daughlei'. wife ot' the latt- Levi Thompson. 
attorney at law in Stillwater, and one son in California. IMr. 
Harris was a house carpenter and much resjti-cted by his neigh- 



CoBNEUUa Ltjcix. — Mr. Lyman ts of the seventh generation 
of (he Lyman Huuily that ca>n«orer fruui England iu 1631. He 
was bora in Bnx^kfield. Vermont, Aag. II, 1792. He was mar- 
ritnl in Rrook6el(l to Betsey Coshmnn nml earae to Illinois nt nn 
early tUtt*. whence he removed to Marine 31111^, in 1841!, where 
be kept a tKnnling house antU ISI4. vbeo he femoveil to Still- 
Tsrater. where he kr|rt a tiuanling hotise until IS48. He then re- 
moved to his furm thr»« uiilt^ al>ove ScillwHtvr. where, by iu- 
dostry aud economy, aided by bis faithfnl wife, he wa.s able to 
build a i*omrortahle home, in which they continue*! to live until 
nt a good old nge thi-y were removal by death, which ctaimetl 
them in the same year, the bastund dying Jannary, 1SG4, and 
the wife in April. They were members of the Presbyterian 
church from ii\rly life, and respected as citizens, honored as 
Christians Mrs. Lymau was une of the excellent of the earth. 
Mr. Lyman liad an inexhamttible fund of humor, and was rather 
foud of pr;ictic;il joking. M:iay of his jokes were of the rarest 
description. They left two san«, Cornelius Storrs and David 

David R Loomis. — Few wen have beeu more active in busi- 
ness and public life than Ihu-id R lioomis. He was l>oni in 
\V1lmington, Conuecticni. April 17, ISK. In 1S30 he eame with 
bis parents to Alton. Illinois, where, ut the age of fifleeu. he en- 
giigwl :ii* clerk in a Morv and s<.'rvwl in that capacity five yeai-s. 
Mr. Loomis was in the btiildiu^ iu Alton in which Lovejoy was 
lUiot and kille<l for the expression of sentiments which the nation 
has siuiir tK-en eonipellml to adopt. In ISW he came to the St, 
Croix valley and eug-.iged lu lumbering. In 1846 be was one of 
the four original owurtsof the Areola mill, bat in IS496old his in- 
terest to Mr. Mower, aud for four sn<-ceeding years was Inehsirge 
of the St. Croix boom, hi |.S|7 he was surveyor gfueral of l<^[s 
aud lumber. la 1S51 he Wiis a member of the Minnnwta terri- 
lorial i;<iuuril, aud wiis reeleotir^l iu 1SV5. serving in all four 
ywu-s, during one of which he was prejsideut of the council. In 
lS;Vlhe wa-ioneof a eomiuny that built a mill in South Still 
water. He sold on I in l.S.M>. In 1S«1 he entered the army as 
lieuUMiaiit, Comtuiuy V. .StHH>nd Minuesora Voiauteers, and was 
promotiMt to a wiptiiinry. He serve<l three aud a half years. 
StillwtUer has been his home since the war. In 1S73 be repre* 
seated Wa.Hhingtou connty in ilie legislature. 



Wil.i.iAM R Cove. — The yenr of Mr. Cove's birth is not 
knowu. Ilf i-jimc to Stillwaler in XSI4. His nmrrijim' to Nancy 
E«Iwrtrd5. elsewliei'<? notvil, was the second nianinge in the vil- 
lagf. He was by tnuie iv boust- carpcnt'Cr. He removed to Miunc- 
ii|>olis ill 13&4. 

,Joas Smitk. — Of th^ eight lii-st fauiilifB, that ofjuhu Rinith 
WBs one. or this p; ''John Smith" little is knnwii, ex- 
cept thill he wjw sober and iudustiiouij, aud, iu ISiS, moved to 
parts unknown. 

Jonx MoKGAN'.— We h:ive no ncoount of the enrly dnys of 
Mr. 3Iorj;un, except that he was u native of PtnusyUania. He 
was living >» Stillwiiter iu 1845, in the employ of Cburcbill & 
XHson. In IMS be was elecleil slierifTof St^ Croix county, Wis- 
ctiiisin. In the s;tnie year lie was married t4> Hannah Hiii'iiish. 
He settled on a farm and kept a "half way house" on the road 
from Stillwater to St. Paul, when the pioneer st:ipes of Wil- 
longhby & Power were placed ou this ixinte. in 1S4S ho ob- 
tiilDed a ciiarter from the W'isconsiu legislature for a ferry across 
X«jke St. Croix at Stillwater. This ferry changed ownership re- 
|>e:itedly and wits diseontinued when tb<' bridgi.' was built. 

As6oy KoKTnnt'P. — This gentleman, whose name w-aa born© 
by the fii-st steamboat ever launched on the Ked River of the 
North, and who brought the fu-st drove of cattle through from 
Illinoia to St. Croiv Palln, <lfHerve8 a conHpieuous place in the 
annals of the Xnrlhwcst He was born in Conewango, Cafcaran- 
giis munty, New York, Jiin, 4, 1817. His education was limited, 
but he was a man of luoi-e thau ordinary native ability and 
Miergy. He lived iu Ohio some years, aud came West iu I83S. In 
18a!» he drove the lirst herd of cattle through a wilderness 
eiiDutry from the Wisconsin river lo the St. Croix. Tn 1S41 he 
rtiouvfU his family from Ohio to St. Ci-oix Falls. Ue came by 
wa y of St. Louis, from that point embarking on the steamer 
ludian Queen for the Falls. The steamer vrat thi-ee weeks 
uakitig ilip trip. Above Prairie da Chit-u crew and pas-sengers 
W4*ro obliged to cut wood to ran the boat. Mr. Xorthrup 
had married BeUi?y Edwards, daughter of widow Kdwards, one 
of the pioneers of Stillwater. Charles H., their eldest son. was 
the tirit white chibt bom at St. Croix Falls. In the spring of 
1S44 hi! moved lo Stillwater, where he built and kept the firet 
liotel iu that place. From 1847 to 1848 ho was part owner of the 


Osoeola saw uiill along with Mahony and Kent. Id 1849 lie re- 
moved to St. Paul, and built the American Hotel on Third 
street, east from Seven Comers. In 1851 he removed to St. 
Anthony Falls and built there the St. Charles Hotel. In 185i 
he removed to Minneapolis, ami built the 'Boshnell House, 
the first brick building in the city. Subsequently he became a 
resident at Long Prairie, Swan River and Dniuth. Although 
Mr. Northrup's genius tended chiefly in the direction of hotel 
building, his abilites in other directions were beyond question. 
"With equal facility he turned his hand to lumbering, steambont- 
iiig and stiitesnianship. His great steamboat enterprise was the 
attempted transfer of the steamer Xorth Star by water from the 
Mississippi to the Red River of the Xorth. The boat was ouo 
hundred feet long by twenty wide, and of liglit draught. Start- 
ing from St. Cloud in the spring of 1S59 he performed the 
wonderful feat of ascending the Mississippi as far as Pokcgama 
Falls, hoping to ascend further, and during a bigh stage of 
water to float the boat over the height of land into some of the 
tributaries of the Reil river. The water wivs not sufficiently 
high. The winter following he took the boat to pieces, and 
removed it by land to Red river, opposite the mouth of the 
Cheyenne, where it was reconstructed and launched, taken to 
Fort Garry and afterward sold to Mr. Burbank. This boat, its 
nimo being changed to Anson Xorthrup, was the first steam- 
boat on the waters of Rod river. 

Mr. Northrup's political career commenced and closed with 
the fii-st Miiinesota legislature, 18o7-i>S, he ri-prfsenting the 
counties of Morrison, Crow Wing and Mille Lacs in the senate. 

During the Rebellion lie served as wagon master. He lived in 
Texas three years, rerurncd to St. Paul, where ho lived in 1S74- 
75-76, and now lives in Bismarck. Dakota. 

ROBHUT Kexnedy. — Mr. Kennedy, in 1339, located at HolnuV 
Landing, now Fountain City, on the banks of the Mississippi; 
above Winona. In 1844 he reni»A-ed to Dakotah, where he kept 
a hotel in the old tamarack court house, built by Joseph R. 
Brown. In 1840 he kei>t a hotel in the Xorthrup House, Still- 
water; in 1848 he kept the American Hotel, Shakopee. Subse- 
quently he returned to St. Paul and kept a boarding house, and 
for three years the hotel known as "Mofl'ett's Castle.'' After- 
ward he kept the Snelling House, and last the Barnard House. 



Aon 1853 to 1856 he was colU-ctor of customs for the port of St. 
I^I, ADiI Uut-iuj^ that tinns the ffics amoantetl to tlio eiiormaas 
%am of fuitysix doUats and forty -two cents. Mr. Kennedy spent 
abuut thirty years as a laudluril, ia which capacity he was very 

Habtey Wilson. — Mr. Wilsoo wns boru iii Corinth, Saratoga 

f!Ol}'ity« Xl'w York* December. 1815, He resided in his nntiv« 

eoauly twenty-five yeai-s, theu removed to St, Lronis. where, for 

thnsu years, he eugageil in sarveying. He eanio Ui St. Cioix 

Falls III ISWandtoStillwati^rin 18+7. HeacU-clas J. K. Biown'a 

deputy idcrk of eouit, Jane term. 1847. lit- waaappoiiitrd vh-vk 

yf tlu" first Minnesota t^nitoriiil h^rm of conrt* Aug. IJ, IS-Ut, it* 

which office he continued nntil his death. Nov. 3, lS7(i. Mr, 

WiJsoij was marric^d in 1S-j1 to \i1dow Jlaiy SbanchfieUl. 

Ajdbew JACKtiOX 8noHT.™iIr. Short fl'asi born in St- Claii" 
pxiOTiTy. Iliinoia, in ISIS. Hi- came thence to the at. Croix valley 
antl locatt'd at Marine in l8-t;l, aud commenced running raila 
with \V, B. Dibble. In 1857 and IS">8 he gathered logs ns- 
a^eut Id Lake St. Croix, ratlifid and run them lielow, bnt lost 
httjvily and was in fact financially wreeked. He afterward en- 
gaRtilin till' luK^ing and hardware Uisinc^s iu Stillwater. In l.SGS 
hv bnih tht? famous Dudley mills at Point Douglas, at a coint of 
t^W. Mr. Short made Stillwater hi.s home until 1S(j2, when 
he rtriiovt^d to HiLStings. !Miich eivdit is due liini for what 
lii-hiisaecomplis^hed. Whun he- camL' to the St. Croix valley he 
coalil neither read nor write, bnt by energy, indn^trj' and native 
fiirct of character, notwithstanding a lew revtirses, lie h;Ls done 
farmofi- than many other men in his poi^iLiou could have done. 
A^^aiiiiiii he is genial and social. 

-liilES D. McOoMB." Mr. MeComb wius Iwrn In \Vat*hingtou 
coHuty, Pennsylvatiia, Feb. 13. 1S27. CJtnie to Stillwater June 10, 
lS4lj,aad engaged in mercantile bn.siciea.s with John H. Brewster 
three years, when he ir'utered the tirni of Anderso]!, JlcComb & 
Co., Robert Simpson being thr thiid unituber. They did an ex- 
tensive ba>ines.t for year:s. Thpy built the large stone .store on the 
eoFQef of Main and Myrtle streets. Mr. MeComb in 1S60 became 
clerk iu the surveyor gcueral's office, which position he held tea 
years. He wassurveyor general of logd aud lumber four years, his 
flccaratv kuowlctlge of th« various marks used admirably fitting 
himft^r the position. He iserved as deputy sheriff in 184G under 


rirrr vkius 

Jamm Fi*her. of Prairi** <ln CUit-n, and ia IS47 uimUt \V, H, C 
Folitom. of dtiUv^tr. Mr. MirConih hsu* leased i\\\ tli»^ (Ipgreoi 
in Odil FeUoT^ipw Hp wits marriK) to Eliza T. McKuflick io 
StiU«aser,llarelii,lS5L Mrs. McCcnbdiediu Stillwater Sept. 
17. 1S85l 

WnxiAM RmiKBroRp.— Mr. Batberfortl was boru in 1S23, 
ia StatiCon coonty. X«w York, and came to Stillwater Id 1S44. 
He married Chri^iua X Hulcombe, at Jack&on. Mississippi, in 
l»t9. Ia 1S4$ ho renoTcd to his fiutn near Stillwater, wben^ he 
luKS ^ince lirrd. Hf> has been qnite socceasftil as a farmer. Mr. 
Kutherfonl died March l\ \SSA. His naiaewill be reiii»*inl>ere<l 
with honor. 

Ai3io>' Mastbbjixx.— Mr. Mastennao has also prospered as 
a firmer. U« was born in FrankliD coauty. >[aine. in 1823; 
ri'-oiivvd n common school «<lac9itton: was married to Eliza Mid- 
dleloii in 1S4$: came to Stillwater in 1&44. aod in ISjO reniovttd 
thenft- to his (arm. whero be died. Aug. S, 1S86. Mr. MastAr- 
manV lifv has Itoou au industrious aod exemplary one. 

Joseph K. M isteuuan. — Mr. 3t(aBterman cume to Stillwater, 
September. ll^4& Heengagrd in lumbering and sralingcontioa- 
oiii>ly. He wn«t lioru iu FraukUn eomxsty, Slaiue. in 1S14, and 
spiMit his youth at home, but his ednoitioa wan eomevhat lim- 
iti'd. Xl the ago of sixteen years he mov(*d to Sctioodic, lived 
tliiTe loiirleeu years, when he married Alice M. Presoott, and 
four yt-iirs litter came to StiUw.iter. His two sons. Wellingtou 
and .losrph P., n«ide in Stillwater. Wellington is anditor of 
WHshiii^nn county. 

.M\ni.oN ItLACK. — Mr. BLick is of Scotch descent. Hisgrand- 
ftither was a naval officer dnrit^ the war of the Rerolntion, and 
a soltlier in the war of 1812. Mahkm BXmiL was l»or» in Hamil- 
ton tMUuly. Ohio, Oct. 4, ISSU. He spent his yonth on his 
fikthcr^s farm, and rrevived a common srhotil and ac^idemic edu- 
cation. When sevenlecu years of age he began the stndy or 
nitHliriue iu Cincinnati Medical College, bat did not couiplete 
the cmir^M?. In 1S12 he cam** to Mt-ntimonic Mills. WiscotKin, 
and eupH^ed iu lnml>ering until 184G. In 1847 he was n)unect«d 
wilU povernmeul aurveys. and the same year located in Still- 
wator. H*" was a Ppn-s^'ntAtive in the first, ihinl. and last ter- 
ritorial legi&lfttnre, alsn a member of the estrn se««ion in 1857. 
He W.13 mayor of SliUwater in IS;(M>1. In ISC2 he enllstM in 


a couQpnuy of s*hiirpshooteis, which was assigm-il to the Army of 
the Potflmiwr. Fie w;i.s promoted to ha captain, and provost mar- 
shal in the second division of the Second Army Corps, and one 
of Gen. Gibbon^rt staff ofQcere. He was in flily-foar battles and 
skirDii^hes, in some of which ovtT HH),0(M) nw^n were oagagedon 
ea*'h side. He was wounded four times, once Beverely, by a 
bayonet thrtt»t reeeivwl in a eharRe at the battle of Petera- 
bargh. He served until the idose of the war, and received a 
special and lionoi^ble discharge I'roin bis commander, Geu. 
Smyth, on the ftioe of which are retwirded the nam&s of the bat- 
tles in whu'h he participated. In 1867 he removed from Still- 
»flljcr to MiuDoapolis. whej-e he has held the positions of Eand ei- 
uulniT uiid auditor of Hennepin county. He has the diatinellon 
of beiug the first Odd Fellow initiated in Minnesota. Sept. 21, 
lS5*). he was married to Jane 51. Stongh^ of Pennsylvania. 

Morton S. Wii.Krssox. — The record of Mr. Wilkinson, though 
brisf, IK brilliant. He was born in SkauKiteles, Onondaga comi- 
ty, Kew York, .Tune 23, 1S19; received an academic educAtion 
La his native ttiwn; read law; was admitted to the bar at Syra- 
cuse, New York, in 1842; commenced practice in Eatou RtipidSf 
Kichigan, aud io 1S47 came to Stillwater. Mr. Wilkinson was 
thp Btut practicing lawyer northwest of Prairie du Chien, was thfr 
pro* til ting attorney at Jiidgo Dnnn'.s court in Stillwater^ June, 
\U:, and was a member from Washington county of the first 
t^rriti>riiil legislature in ISi!), He removed to St. Paul in 1850^ 
toMiiiikato in lS.i7, aud in ISoft wiis elected Uuited States sena- 
tor In 1860 he wa.'* one of the commissioners to compile the 
slate statutes. In 1 808 he wa.s eleet-ed representative to Congress 
iD'l at the close of the term was re-tdected. From 1874 to lS77t 
iiidiwive, he servetl as state senator from Blue Earth county. 
34r. Wilkinson is an eloquent and forcible speaker, and a man of 
nDnsiial aldlity, a sound and togical rea.soncr, and withal Hnent* 
Hi! hasi l>een twice married. Hi.s fli"5t wife was a daughter of 
Ber. Lemuel Nobles, of Michigan. Mi's. Wilkinson died in Michi- 
gan, He married a second wife before coming West. They 
rfslde in Welle, Minnesota™ 

William S^tanchfield. ^ — Mr, f^Umehfield was a native of 
Mui«e. iKjrn in the year 1820. wasmarned to Mary Jackins, in 
Bangor. Maine, in ISW. and came to Stillwater in 1S46» where he 
*Dgajred in keeping a hotel on Main street, which was burned 




while he w:is in chaise. Mr. Stiuicbfit-M diwl in iRfM). Iraiviug^ 
a widow who subsequently married Harvey Wilson, and an in- 
fant daughter, who became, years aftei-, the wife of George Davis. 
Thomas Kamsdell. — Mr. lUmsdell wjw born at Falmouth, 
England, Dec. 2S, l.S2*J. He married in Koirlaud antl came to 
thia country with his wife in 1843. He settled in Stillwater in 
1*44, and reniovtHl to his farm \u 1&4G. where he has been suc- 
cessful in raising appUvi and Knialli>r frniLs. His wife died iu 
1851. Hia second wife was Jane WiUey. Mr. Hamsdell has Ijecn 
a quiet., good citizen, reliable and trustworthy. 

Ohahles 3Iacy. — An orphan at thirteen years of age, Mr. 
Macy'searly life was ftill of changes, adventures and vicissitudes. 
He was born in Canada East iu 1S21. He lived a somewhat 
wandering life until 1S45, when he came to Fort Suelliug, autl 
shortly after to Stillwater, where, in 1S46, he ma4le a claim 
which became his permanent home. He married in 1S54. 

Jonathan E. McKusick. — There was no more genial, pleas- 
ant, ofT-haud man than Jonathan E. >[fKuKiok. Hi> w:is the life 
of public gatherings. His remarks, full of wit and sentiment, 
would keep his andieno-c in a pheasant frame of mind. At old 
settlers' meetings bis fund of !iiH*edotei(, historical incidents aud 
reminiswnces wi-i-e iu the highest degree intereisting and enter- 
taining. Mr. McKnsick was born in Cornish, Maine, in 1812; 
wiw umrried to Minerva King iu IKMi, and eamc tip the Miosis- 
8ipi»i on the ice, in L>ecemb«.T, 1840. to Stillwater, which he made 
his home until Ms death, which occurred Ang. 21, 1876. Ho 
tmik an active interest in the welfare of the city and held many 
ofllces of trust. He served his country during the war of the 
It<d>ellion, and iu IS<>3 was appointed qunrtermaster with the 
rank of captain, which position he held until mustered out at; 
the close of the war. 

JouN McKusicK. — Prominent amongst the pioneers of the 
8t Ci-oix valley, and deserving of special mention for his enter- 
prise aud public spirit, is the subject of this sketch. He was 
born in Coniish, Maiue, iu 1S15; re<vived a eruumon school edu- 
cation; came to Illinois in 183i», and lo St. Croix Falls iu 1840, 
where he engaged in the lumlM'ring biLsiuess, getting logs to tho 
Palls mill, aud sawing them. Through industry and economy 
he saved enough to enable him to becmne part owner and builder 
of the first mill Iu Stillwater. He has held many po^itious of 



trust. He served as stnto senator in 1863-64-65 aud 66. He wua 
atTtivt' in aiding to secnre the land ^niul to build railrniidH into 
StillwattT. in tin* wt'llnn- iil" which eity he hixs I'vcr numtft^ted 
the deepest interest. H*^ has lujen one of the largest proprietors, 
and nnwt lilwral in improving and adorning the eity, has encour- 
aged a sound system of finances, and has steailil}' opposed tlie 
bonding systom. Mr. JU-Kusiek was unirried to Phebe Greely 
in 1&47, who soon afterward died. He married his second wife, 
flervia Greely, in November, 184!). He has three children living, 
Newton, Chester an<l Elhv. Mrs. MtJvnsiek died Teb. 18, 1887. 

Wii.l.iAM MrKuHicK. a younger brother of Jonitthnn B. aud 
John McKnftick, esinie to Stillwater in 1817, and engaged in lum- 
bering. He was a menilM-r i>f Ihe fiftli territorial honso, aud a 
fieimtor in thesecoud, sixteenth and seventeenth stjito legislatures. 
In 1870. with the firm of McKusick, Anderson & Co.. ho built 
the large .sjiw mill at Houlton, opposite Stillwater. In 1882 he 
mode his home upon a farm at Big Htonc Lake. 

Noah McKtrsicK, another brother, came to Stillwater in 1847, 
fnllowifl Inmliering some years, removed to Oregon, jind <liHl 
there in 18S6. 

RoTTAL llrKuBiCK e:ime to the valley in 1848. aud died a few 
years later. I«iving a large and nsfiieetable family. 

IvoKV K.'k. — Ivory E., brother of John and J. E. 
McKnsick, was born in Maine, July 2, 1827. In 1847 he came 
to Stillwater, with which city he has since been permanently 
identified. He spent two years working in the old mill, the first 
built at Stillwater, aud theu engaged in lumbering until 1859. 
In lS«>2he was appointed prison guard, and starved two years. 
In 1864 he w:w in th<? service of the governnieni, and helped 
build Kort Wadsworth, Dakota. He served nn surveyor general 
fteveral years, and later hsiK engaged in the forwurding and com- 
miflBion bnsiness. He ivas marrie<l to So]>hia A. Jewell, Feb. 
fl. 1854. He is a man of probity and merit. 

CnAELE.sE. Leosahd.— The subject of this sketch wils born 
Feb. 25, 1810, at Worthington, Massachnselt^. His father died 
when he was four years old. In his early life be experientied 
some vicissitndt«. He tried farming and hotel keeping, but 
owing to poor health was obliged to give up these 'employments. 
He started West in 1846. remained awhile in Hancock county, 
llliuois, and in 1847 came to Stillwater, where he engaged in 



morcantUe parsnib*. He removed to St. Authony in iSoO, to St. 
Paul in 185.>. to Point Douglas in lS<i4J, to Sioux City in ISSO, 
iiud to Princotou. Slille Laus county, in ISSl. Mr. I>ouard has 
held sevfi-al official positions. In 1S52 he wos appointed ter- 
ritorial treasurer, and iu ISTiT, serving four ye-ars; was a member 
of the Democratic wing of the constitntioual conrontioo. He 
did Home military serviee daring the Indian onthreak in 1862. 
He was marritMl to Catherine Yeudta^ of Rudmau; New York, 
Jannary, l&tS. 

Daniel McLEJLX.^Mr. McLean was born in the north of 
Ireliwd in ISOO and eame to America in his yonth with his 
brothers. He lived snccessiTely in Philadelphia, Indianapolis, 
oud St. Louis, whence he embarked for St. Croix Falls in 1839, 
in the employ of the Falls Manufacturing Company. He came 
to Stillwater in 1848. Through industry and economy he accu- 
mulated a handsome fortune, which, at bis death, he led to his 
heirs iu Sti1hrat«>r. He wus an upright christian man. He 
died in Stillwater in 1873. 

KoHKRT SiJlI'SOS. — Mr. Simpson was born in Sm«ex, England, 
in 1815. He married Mary Ann Shelley in 1840 and ramt> the 
same yi'«r to the rniletl SlateiL After six'udiug two years in 
New York tuid other pliices, he <^ame to St. Croix FalU in 184:^ 
where he followetl lumbering until 1850. when he camo to Still' 
wnt<»r. He U'longwl to the firm of Simpson, Anderaon & Mc- 
C«>u)K lumlH>ring and merrhandising. and engaged in other 
brouchm of bosineaa. Up was a member from Stillwater of the 
fintt stat^' legislature. He is a «iniet, unobtrusive gentleman, 
greatly i«lwrae<l by those who knuw him. Mrs. Simi>son and 
an only child dieil in Stillwater in 1856. 

WluaxM II. U<x>PKK.— This gentleman attainwl considerable 
notAU-Jety in later life as an intlueutial Mormon iUid n del^atc tu 
OougresH (rom Utah from 18A9 to 18t!S. He was a man of ua- 
tinestionetl ability and an eiot^uent s|H*aker. His pU-a for ** re- 
ligions lilvrty," made aguiikst the Cnllum bill, is s;iid to have 
been one of the mocit elo^jaenl speoches over delivered in Gon- 
gmct. Mr. HtHijM'-r was Iwrn in Warwick Manor, Marylniid. Dec 
"HI, ISIU. In ISCi") he moved to Galena and eug:iged in mercantile 
buHin<>f«. In the imnie of l.'^'iS Mr. Hoo{H!r and hin partner 
failed to the amount of ^JOO,oOtt, but., after ,\-i*ars of struggling, 
the debt wwi entirely paid. In 1843 Mr. Hooper engagtnl in 




^^Aiiiboiitiiij^ as cloik on the steamer Otter, on thctTpper Missis- 
HJjipi aiid il>* irilmtaries, aiid was well kuowii at StiUwattT. His 
Imat in 1S4.> lundt^d the mill ii-ous for 3Icivusick & Co/s mill. 
In 1H44 lie l>uilt the steamtir Lyux and several other hoHtit, the 
last Iteiiig known ;ls the Atex. Haniiltuii, of which he. wais part 
owner. This wrh hnrne<l at St. Lonis in 1849, which lellE him 
again penniless In 1850 he emigrated to Salt Lake and there 
in hi.s bu»iiies8 enterprises (freiitly pi-ospered. iVlthough he es- 
poused Moruiouisin and tH>canie oiic of lt« leaders, he was opposed 
to polygamy. He died in Salt Lake City. 

James H. Spencer.— .Tamea H. Spencer came to Stillwater 
in I84.'i, a luiy of sixteen. Ili.s eduiratioiial privilegvH had lieen 
limit'ed. bnt he wa8 ambitious ami t)tndiou.s, and by hi8 own 
nnaided exertions acqnired a practical bnsiuess education. He 
followed lumbering and exploiiag. and was employed as state 
timber agent for gJlceu years. He was born in Boono couutyf 
MlsaoorU in 1829, and was married to Rose M. Winters, in Still- 
■watcr, in 1869. 

John T. Blackbubn. — The brothera Bla^i-kburn were born in 
Cinduoati, Ohio, John, the elder, in 1823. He came to Stillwa- 
ter in 1844. and has since been notively engaged in Inmbei-iug. 
Hia home haH iH'en at Stillwater, Mariue, Taylor's Fulls, and 
Shell Lake, when* he now reKides. 

Joseph T. Blackkurv. — Joseph, the younger hrothi^r, was 
iKjrn in l.S.'{4, and in 1847 came to Stillwater. He hua lallowed 
lumbering and Indian trading. He ha:* made his home at Still' 
wat*.'r, at Taylor's Falls, and, since 18C0, on Totogatic river, in 
Douglas oonnty, Wisconsin, ton mile-s from Gordon, Air. Black- 
bam enjoys wilderness life, in eccentric in manner, and attends 
strictly to hits own business. 

Horace K. McKisstry. — We have no data of Mr. Midiina- 
try's early life. He cAiUf: to Stillwater in 184(>. His family con- 
sisted of hi.s wife, three danght<*i*s, and .sou, John, who nfler- 
ward married the eldest daughter of Anson North rup. Mr. 
MeKiiistry wai a justice of the peace in 1847 and 1818. and was 
engaged in mercantile bm^incss the two suceeoding years. Ue 
removtxi to Maiden Bock, Wisconsin, a year or two aflcr and 
die«i there March 12, 1884. 

Seth AL Sawvkk. — Mr. Sawyer was born in' Skowhegau, 
Maine, in 18t£2. He camo to Stillwater in 184ti, followed htm- 



ht'ii'ng. ami aflorwani engag<?d in hnilding a. saw mill in the 
firm uAiuo of Sawyer & Ileaton. lu 1850he wiis marrii-il to Eliza 
MeKinstry. Mr. Sawyer left Minnesota in lS(i(i for an extenile<l 
80junrn in the SontUcru Status, and engaged in there, 
bnt nothing is ktiown positively ol his prL-sent whercal>ont«. 

!lESKY Sawykr. — Henry, the younger lirother of Selh. (ratat 
fi-om Skon-hegan to Stillwater in 1S49, and engaged in mercan- 
tile pnrsuila for two years in partnership with Horace MeKinstry. 
lu ISfiC he built the fii-st stone block in Stillwater, on lot 2, 
block 27. In IS57 he built the Sawyer House, a four story hotel. 
Mr. Sawyer married Lucy Noyes. He died in Stillwater, Deo. 
27, 1S(>5. and his remain«4 weiv buried iu the Kahba kou^j 
cemetery, at Tayhir's Falls. 

Alvjui D. Heaton. — Mr. Heaton was the partner of Set 
Sawyer in building the 8W4nid saw mill in Stillwater. He came 
to St. Croix in IS17 and worked at the Osce*»la mills some time. 
He was » partner in logging with O. H. Blair and afterward 
with WuL Kent. He was a brother in-law to Hon. Cyrns Aid- 
rich, roprosenlativc in Congress from MinncfiotA. In after years 
lie removed to Idaho. ■ 

John' McKixzie.— Mr. McKiuzie was born at Inverness, Scot- 
land, iu ISIS, and came to Ameiica iu 1S41. He located in Still- 
water in 1&16, and followetl lumbering until 1S56, when he 
remored to a farm in the Lyman Hettlement. He married Ro6« 
Carlton in 1872 and ivmovinl to utiles City, Montana, in 1879. 

CiEOROE McKixztE, a younger brother of John, came to Still- 
water in 1S5I, and engaged in lumbering and exploring. Ia_ 
ISS.^ he was luljudged insane and sent to the St. Peter's hospital, 
fVom which he was soou released. He afterward visiteti Cali- 
fornia^ where ho was drowned in San Franei>co Itay, He 

Henry Kattenticho. — Mr. Kattenberg was born in ProssJaj 
in ISi'l. and niarrieil to Arnebia C. Silo\*3, at Kemper, on the 
bonks of the Khino. in 1S44. He came to America iu June. 1847, 
ftud to Stillwater in \94S. Mr. Katt<MilM'rg opeue<l a shop and 
cngitge<1 iu the tailoring busiuL-Ms. By industry aud close appli- ^ 
CAtiun to business, he pros}.>ered and secured a pleasant home.fl 
By libenility and kiudness iu extending cre<iits, and an nnfortu- 
nale venture in lumltering, he lost ?14,ntKl. which eflVctually 
closed his business operations. With characteristic honesty, h«1 



tumprt over to his crpditors his honittit«'ad ami all he had (o 
nm*i his liabilities. In 1880 bp rpmovwl to Taylor'H FallH and 
i-oniinrHrtKl keeping h«t*l at the Falls Iloiisp, ou Uonch strwt. 
luitttulMT, li^SO, ho purchft8e*rtht? Dalits Honst- ol" Mm. C. IJ, 

Jnuus F. Bbunbvick. — Mr. Itrnnswick was burn in Switzer- 
land tii If^yf.vaun^ to rhis roiiiitry in lS-10, rtMuaiiii'd a year i» Illi 
bolt, mid mine toStillwai+r in 1848, wher.'hi^ cng:igtMl in jnniln^t- 
las. fitriQiog, inerolmndiKiiig. and dealing in pine lands. Mr. 
Jninsvrick apidiwl liiiiiii«i>ir I'lnsdy to brisiiifss siud was sut.'ce.'w 
iL Feb. 2**, 185i>. ho uinrrieii MargaK-t Darms, of Siillwatcr. 
Hr<U«d at hi£ home in StillwaUT in 1874. leaving a widow and 
M wu c-hildreu, 

ll^jsfcY McLean. — Mr. M(:L(*nu wra horn in Witshington 
rmnly, Maine, in 1S28, uud in 1848 came to Stillwaier, whlcli 
fii^^;nw iMwuhiH bomr. Hp in engJiged in Innil>ering. In 18-^1 
.'■ ij.itrrit'd (!arolinH Covpr. 

liitiju BrHNs. — Hngh Hurns camo from Ireland to America 
lDiS30.wh»Mi ho was but eight years of age, lived in thri province 
of ScT Brnuf^wifk until 18ls. when he came to Still waU;r. where 
l^f liaj^Hincit iHjen fOipigcd in UiinlM*ring and farming. In 1850 
Iji r- titi.r.Ml to St. Anthony. In JH55 to St. PanU and in 1 856 to 

SviVASi's Tbask.— Mr. Trask was born in Otsego county, 

S*^Tr Vork. Nov. Iti, ISIl. He secured a Ul)eral (education, and 

tau^bt fichoo) several years in the state of New York. He eame 

'•' MilUiiirr in 1848, and in 1852 wiw married to Kiiplienia 

Utnir, of HV. Paul. He rrpresentt'd the Stillwater district in 

titeAnU and He<xind territorial l«gi^*iat^^t.^ 1849-51. For many 

'is been a snrveyor ami mailer of \ogn. 

.t.DKiixrK. — Mr. Eldridge was born in Hartford, Ver- 

iBunL, Jane 10, 3815. He was rearfKl during his minority by an 

■ f "inibritlge. New Vork. In 1844 he came to the Wis- 

I uiiu*s at Platteville. and iu 1843 to Stillwater, 

.]' '<':ked aflerM-ard at hifl trade of house carpenter 

w hen he opened a book and stationery store. Ho 

' eral city and county uflieeji. In 1840 he wuis married 



to Sarah L. Jadd. Sfrs. Eldritlge ilif^d iu StiUn^tor. Oct. 12, 
ISSG, age<l eighty-four years. Mvs. EUlridge taught the first<>j 
school iu Stillwater. 

Epward White Dukant. — Mr. Durant is of Huguenot de- 
scent. I>uring the eighteenth centnry his ancestors lived ia 
Massachusetts and were active participants iu the agitation 
against English oppression. Edward Durant, Jr.. an anocstoi 
five geueratious from the prt«eut, wii;^ a delegate to the ProTin- , 



* r-KoatHKXT mtvjtnanki cw KKxowTteD urvTATtos. 

ml Congress of 1774 and 1775, and chairman of the committee] 
on coniinercial correspondence. He died iu 17S2. Others oi 
the family filled prominent places, aud were not*d for theii 
whole souled patriutiam. 

Mr. Durant whs Imrn at Roxtmry, Massachusetts, A.p>il S^j 
1829. He received a ct>nim<in school eilucation. and a year in 
the academy. Became to Cincinnati in IS**, and in 1844 we 



fioU him Willi Lw p:ir*'nbi in Alhany. IIIinoJH. In 1848 bt* left 
tiift pnrpDt.s »ti(l cjiiuf lo SLillwuter, whert? he worked tbrw^si^i- 
«0Rs nn tbo nvpr. rnuning Ic^^ Ue tben became it pilot ou the 
^iit. Croix and Mifi^Ksipjii rivei-saiid contiiiULMt in LbiH liiiMiii(«8 
■Utecn y(*arH, Hi* iK4:eil ns siilestimii fur Hei-M^y, ^Uiples 
[4 Co. iomt yrftiT*. He bas beea stuce thi'U (•ii^rnp-il in lum- 
txTinfC nmt a portion of tbe lime oh a intMnti^r of l\w firm of 
ituniul, Wlieeler & Co. The aDuiial m\vs of this iirm auiuuut. 
Ui DTcr half a million dollara. In 1874 he was a euntlidate on 
(t)i' Democratic ticket for liontenant governor and in 187(i wa8 
pa*ldMit of the stalv Democratic couventiou. He repn*i'nUt<l 
hMili»trirt in the litWrnth, sevente«;uth und tweutylourlh Klate 
le|;]sl»tares. Ue was several yenrs grand nniMter of (iie Masonn 
iif Uiaaesota. He has served an mayor of irttillwater, and olton 
M A member of Uie counuil. >rr. Dnnint, as hifl record shows 
bin, it< one of tbt; most JuduatriouH men of the time, and poa- 
ttnwNl of good eOKevuLiveandbuHiaeKHabilitieti. Mr. Dnrant wa» 
BMiTiM !>**<•, 211, 1S53, to Henrietta Pease, of Albany, Illinois. 
OuvFJt Paksons.— Mr. Parsons was born in Sooth Paris, 
Sduiu*, and isalw descendc^l from iievolutionary stock. He came 
to Stillvater in 184S, where he engaged in nierehandining and 
fiunoing. He remo\iMl lo >rinneapoli8 in 187'!. where he irs nt 
prwwnt eng;i^Ml in selling goods. Ue was married to C. .Towell. 
AiirtI, IM3. Mr. Parsons hiw erer been an exemplary man. 

Ar.BEBT StI-Mson.— A native of York county, Maine, Mr. 

HiuiiMiD spent thej-e hit* early life, and, after a feM years in New 

llriiiiswick. Clime to Stillwater in 184i». He followed lnml>rring 

liis itiilivi' titate and on the St. Croix. Hci Herved a» surveyor 

[.■-ii-ntl of the Fin*t diMtrirt. Minnesota, three yearn, lie wa.s 

autrulMT of the ^linue^ota territorial eonneils of IHM and 185.5 

U)du member of the honse in 185^. He wa-s mayor ol Stillwater 

T"'- ypar. alderman two years, antl was also a snpervisor of 

\^ iLHiiington eonnty. From 1870 to 1872 3Ir. Stimson wai a 

viUmi of Kannbee coanty, which county he helped organize, 

t'l^i if which he Wits one of the lii-at commiiiujiioners. YUh present 

fi-ni'Ji'Oce is Anoka. 

^lUHAM Van Vookhbks. — Mr. Van Voorhees' ancestors 

■>t» dnrtt)|:;tbe Kirvoliuion, nud lived in Now York and 

.V. Uewas born in Washington county, Pennsylvania' 

IH, 2, 1793. He woart'artHl tM a fanner. Hisnobuol privileges 



werf limitwl. ''Th*- M:yor.'' a-s he was familiarly stylcU, 
tolil nu'tltattli(>«><luo:itioDul adviintagcfi bo had ri-Cfiverf in yontl 
vere very few, and timt his desires and amliilious woiy- far Ix^yoad] 
hia means tosatisty and InlfiU. and he remjirked wiih j'lisUfinblc 
pride: "And what I am now, if I amount to anything. I owe 
to strong ner\-i'S iuid will power; Odl has always finsta.ine€l ine, 
nnd I IiavcrtlwaysacknowkxIgcdaUepancctoHim." The major 
had an ingenious and inventive mind. Being Btudiou^i and in- 
dustrious, he accomplished much without scholastic traiaiug,] 
and became well ver^wd in the Hciencas. and an acnte reasonor. 
Tn 1832 he removed to Athens county, Ohio, where for five year 
he devoted himself to mechanical pnrsnitvS and the stndy of the 
sciences. In IS^i" he removwl to Athens, and became editor and 
proprietor of the Hocking VaJhit (rare((e, and retained the editor- 
ship six years. While living in Ohio, he served ils county treas- 
urer, county surveyor, member of the legislatnre, and stale sena- ^ 
tor. In the latter position he served four years. In 1S49 he wa^| 
appointed by Pn'wideut Taylor register of the Unite*! iHt.ates land 
ofliceal Stillwater, which place he held until 1S.5.S. [n IS-^'J Gov. 
Ramsey appointed him territorial auditor. He was a representa- 
tive in the territorial legislature of 1856 and of thest-iitelegiHla- 
tu re of 1859-60. He was one uf the oommisNionerH for locating the ^ 
oapitol and university lands. He wa« postmaster in StillwateiV 
many years, and when he was eighty years of age acted as surveyor^ 
<if AViishington county. Such is a brief retard of an unusually 
active and useful life. Maj. Van Voorhees was a thoroughly 
good citizen and christian gentleman. In politics he was "VVliig 
and Ri^pnblicau. His church membership was in thePreHliyt«rian 
chnreh, of which he t>ecame a memlH-r in 1832. In 1817 he was 
marrietl to Marj- Workman Voorhees. He died at his home in 
Stillwater, .Fan. 24. 1879. aged eighty-si.T years, and was buried , 
with christian and masonic honors. fl 

Mit'itARL E. Ames, an attorney from Bo^on, came to Stillwa'™ 
ter in 1849, and bwame one of the leading lawyers of the Terri- 
tory* He was urbane and dignifie<l, lioth in society aud at the 
bar. He was n charming conversationalist, and such a readv 
and llneut speaker that it was a pleattnre to listen to him. Many 
of his witty sayings will long be remembered. He was twice 
marritnl, bnt his domestic life was by no means a happy one. 
He died in St. Paul in 1S61. his life, no doubt, shortened by 




intempernte bnbite, but he was poUt« and genial aud vitty to 

Joseph Bonin is of French descent. He van lioru iu Men- 
treal, tVinadn, An^. '20, 1820. He was uiiinicd to Mirgiiret 
lirace in 1851. Tlic writer first mot Mr. IJoniu in Stillwater in 
IMS. He was then in the employ of John McKusick. Ho liad 
^\mii niiu'h (if bis life on the frontier a.s an employe of the fur 
• ■yiopanles, iind could relate many iitirring iuindeuts and poril- 
01I8 ndi'entures- Mr. Renin latsated at Baytown at an early day. 
XJriring the Rebellion lie was a member of Company B, First 
3/iijnes«ta Heavy Artillery. 

MabcelGagnon. — Mr. (iagnon was Iwrn iu Low^r Canada. 
AU£. 17, 1825. On arrivinR at manhood he came to the United 
^Ctuten, and was an eaipluye of the American Fur Company sev- 
«T».l years. He re»iove<l to Stillwater in 1845. eiigtigiiig in lam- 
l>&«-iTig. Tn 1S(>;J he enliMled in the Minnesota Voluiit4iHr Inde- 
P& rodent Battalion, and served three years. Mr. <jiLgnon ia a 
pol ite, pleasant, bard working nnd independent man. 

^^EBASTIAX Mauty wiis l)orn in fiwitzerland ia 1809, came to 
A «»jeric« in Ity'Mj, to StillM-aterin 1S45, aud loi-ated on a farm in 
***<:5^on 32, town of Stilhvater, now known an the Jiickman 
J^c* »3i€steed. In IJ^M) he made his home in .section 30, town of 
l^*-^elftnd, where he resided nntil his death. Kov. 3, 1885. His 
''^ «_loyr was formerly Christine Mamsclie. He was a quiet, tin- 
*•'-**" riwive. Iboruugblybouest and reliable man. 

W^OHS Makty wils born in Hwit7*rlaud in lS2.'i. He learned 
''*«:5 art of manufncturing st niw goods in Fmnee. He caiae to 
^--■^lerica in lH4tJ. to Stillwater in 18-I.S and not long after settled 
^'^^ his farm in Baytown. He was married to Anna M. Henry, 
** «t, Panl. lSo'2. 

-Adam .MABTT.^-^Mr. Marty was born iu Switzerland in 1830. 
^^^ IStG be came with bis grandpamuts to America and located 
**• St. Ijoabi. In 18W h« iiime to Btillwat^T and le^irned the 
^^"inter's tnide. He was employe*! one year by John Mt:Ku.sick. 
^<i GDliat^d vVpril 29, 1861, iu Company B. First Minnesota Vol- 
"■•^t/^rs, was severely wounded at the battle of flettyshurg, and 
'^•^liorably discharge*!. He resides iu Stillwater, whei-e he has held 
'"^•^ponsible positiotis. and has tiiken a deep interest in the Grand 
"^nny of the Kepiiblic, of which he has bwu post commander. 
Michael McHale.— Mr. ilcHale came from Ireland in lS36j 



localfid fij-st ill Qiiiucy. Illinois; then, IS40, in Galena; in 11 
in Puto«4i, Wisconsin, and in 18ilt nt Stillwater. Ho wa-s iiit**r- 
csted in a saw mill (McHale & Jobnsou-s), and oporat'Cd also 
as a fontraetor in jiriAau work. Hi' w»s married to Bosauua Mc- 
Uermott in Wisconsin, 1S47. She di«! in 185(i. 

(iEOKUE Watson. — Mr. Watson is, in ooniuioti parlance, ftl 
self niadp man. Left alone in the world and dupoudeut entirely 
on hi.s owuexei-tioiis for a livelihood, he learued thi; carpunt^-r's 
tnide, litarnwl it well, and foUowod it industriously Ihroufch life. 
Mr. WatHon wiw horn in LT*Mnning county, Pennsylvania, Sept. 
13» I82;t, and canu" to tht' St. Croix valli^y in IM9. U« lived a 
few years itT Hudson, and then remove<l to Stillwater, wlieni he 
has the credit of building many fine structures. He was married m 
iu 1860 to Fmnces Lyman, of Stillwater. f 

Rev. Elkazer A. (Jueen-leap was edueatctl at Bangor Theo- 
1of;ieal SeDiiimry. Ho ciuue to Stillwater in IS40, and became 
jiastor of the Qnt Protestant Gpis<-opat church organized north 
of Pmirie du Cbien, excepting at Korl Snelling and some Indian 
mission charges. Mr. Gre*Mdeaf was married to Suaaii P. 
Oreely, of Williamslmrg, Maine-, in 183S. He became n great 
sutten'r in Ihe later years of his life. He die«l in Stillwate.r ii 
187S. Mrs. Gre(;n1e-af died in Minneapolis iu 1881. 

J. a.OovKV.— Dr. J. B. Co\ey came to Stillwater in 1844^ 
He was Iwrn in Duchess county, New York, in 1781. He prac- 
tlc«'*l nieiiicini' ninny years in Missouri. He died iu Stillwater 
in 18A1. ■ 

JoitN SHAi!>tUY was Ix^rn iu Warwick, Kughnid, in iSll; cam« 
to America in 1836. l^i Stillwater in 1S48; iimioved to St. Ciiiix 
ooiiiity iu 1850, tlience to St. Joseph, to Rush River and to Bald- 
win iu 1871, where he dieil iu 1S.S0, leaving two children auU his 
widow in etimfnrtable circunistanci's. His eld<^ daughter was 
the wife it( (?rtpt. Isane Gniy, 

•loHX S. Pu(xnx>R. — Mr. Proctor is of Englisli dwcent, am 
was horn in Oivendish. Windsor ttJunty.Vennout. Feb. 26. 1826. 
He was favored with a ei>muiou school tnlucaliou. Iu I84fi hi 
eame to Si. Ix)uis, Missouri, and s^»r^•e^l as mercantile clej"! 
until 1841*. when he came to Stillwater and engAge<l in lumber- 
ing and nii'rrjuilile pursuits. He was n member nf the firm 
of Short, l*n>ctor \- I'o., hardwan- merchants. In 1860 he waft, 
nppointeil wiinlen of I he Minnc«otA slate prison, whieJj ofli(v hi 



'fti^ltl tinltl 1808. In IStiO lif wits iilso iippninhHl 84*<Ti'tary and 
treasarf-r of the St. Croix Uooni CouipaDy. He ptM-foimed the 
duties of both po^Uloit^, btu contiimetl to serve the twom com- 
I>aiiy twenty years. His oxperieiice and n-l lability made him 
«ilmci6t the umpire of this company. He was appointed surveyor 
^M^ocral for the years 18SI to 18S4, inclusive. Mr. Proelur was 
*iUrrie«l lo Caroline Lorkwood, daughter of John L(K;kwi>od, of 
i*rairie du Chien, in LSM. They hnveoneKon, Levi. 

fiuiBON Peoctok, brother of John S. ProcUir, cutne to Still- 
water wheu a yonng man, bnt alter a few years-removed to Xew 
"OWcaus, whonee he returned to Stillwater, and in 1873 engaged 
h flour nmnufactaring lus one of the Arm of CahiM, Townshend 
■^ Co. He dis|}Ose4l of bis interest in 1880. Mr. Pntclor was 
ried to Hettie Cai-son. adupH'd daughter of 8oeraU*s Xelsou 
Jitt*i widow of .John A. Hiinfortl. He lives iu St, Paul. 

^tiBSKY W'ESTlSfi is a native of Hanover. He emigrated to 

Ac»^*rica in LSiO and came t^i Stillwater in ]84s. He commenced 

business career iis a day laborer aud by industry, persi^ver- 

aud tact, rose to a position of wealth and influenec. He 

[:4)^^<3 iu Stillwater, Feb. 26. 1885, much esteemed hy his associ- 

late?**, for his sterling qualities of character. 

'X'uosus Dunn wa^ boru in 1823. in (Queens county, Ireland. 

Hfe emigrated to America in 1S2G. locating iit Mirnmaelii, on the 

nOT-trliPiist coast of Xew Brnnswitk. He eanio thence to Maine, 

«l»«^ri' he spent two yeai-s. He came to the St. Croix valley in 

IS-*^B, located in Stillwat^^r. where he lias since lived aud been 

PDf<npil iu luuiherin;;. Ht; i.s (he owner of a valuable land 

l>r*>jK'ity al Yellow Lake. Burnett c!ouuty, Wisconsin. He hiLS 

^•^^ti a memlK*r nf the Catholic church since infan<'y. 

^MAfiLES J. Garuivek wsis born at Cluulutte, Maine, fn 1826, 
'^^^ '"Uiie lo Stillwater in ISIlt, where he followed luinberiiigand 
tiVniiug. Ill' served as surveyor of the First Miittie.*40tia district 
^^'^ 5*«irs, He was married in lHr>3 to Pamela Jaekman. They 
*»*>, five children. 

^iVrrL Staples w;t* born in Topsham. Maine, Septenilw-r, 
•''^'i. He (tame west fi-oiu Brunswick, Maine, lu 1SJ4, and 
loftli^il i„ Stillwater, where he died, l)e(^ 26, 1887. He is the 
" '"*'r hniiUer of Is:iju'. .Sihis anil Winslow Staples. He leaves a 
■^''lnw fhj.-j second wife), twodaught«rs, Mrs. B. A. Folsom and 
*f^ Q. 3L Stickney, and two som^. Josiab and Wiuslow, besides 
ailtjj-soD. William Laugly. 



Josx&n STArLK8,son of Sannicl.wns l>oin in Braiiswiuk. .Mail 
Jane 20, 1S26. lie received a, (rood common sdiool i-tlucaliuii. 
At the ago of thirteen his family removed to PenobBcot county, 
aud later to the province of New Brunswick, but returned to 
Maiue iu 1840. In 1S45 he came to .StilUater, iiud ha.s since 
lieeu coulhmonsly engaged ia milliug and lumbering operations, 
and, lalt^-rly, in Httramboatiug. lie was marriwl to Lydia Mc- 
Ohmglilin in lS.j;i. His rhildrnn are six hous and one daughter. 

JoKi. M. Uakusg wii» born in Madison ccmnty, New York, 
iu 1842. He came to Galena, Illinois, in 181U. and to Stillwater, 
in 1S4S, where he engaged in farming. He serve<l three you 
during thi- Civif War in Company F, Seventh Minnesota, am 
has since bwn pen-sioucd for disubititii^ incurred in the si-rvie4«. 
He is oumarried. He lives iu South Stillwater. 


Joe Perho.— "Big Joe" as he was familiarly called, wi 
large of fmnif and big-hearted as well, honest, manly, of got 
report for conragi> and hontssty. He was fearless aud prompt ii 
taking the pai*t of the weak and oppre^ed. We were om-e 4>a.Hs- 
ing together up Broiulway, St. Louis, when we passed a peiLuut 
stand. A small uegru buy wiis crying ))it«uusly and bt-gging the 
peanut vender to give him bark his money, to wliieU appwil the 
peanut vender wns nlMlumt*'. Wi' liall^Ml. Joe Perro org:ini/.> 
a coutl, heard the t(>«tinH>ny of man and boy, and satisfied bii 
self that in making change thi< man had wrongfully withheld 
dime due the lK>y. Joe dt-ei'Ifd in favor of the boy and ordered! 
the vender of p<>auut8 to pay him the ten cents. He replied in- 

Bolently: "It is noue of your d d business." That 

enough to kindle the magazine of Joe's wi-ath. A. sudden blo' 
of his Rut, and the man wius prostrate on the sidewalk and hi 
peanut.s nnd apples scattenHi. Tlie s«eu of the dlscomfitLi 
street merchant he was on his hands and knees scrambling wil 
the bt)ys for the iHJMscKsion of his scattered fruits, and ntsting naj 
occasioiud vengpful glance at the towering form of **Big Joe'' 
departing slowly from the scene of conflict. Mr. Perro is 
French parentage, and a native of Kaskaskia, IlUuois. Ue hi 
been a resident of Stillwater sine** 1&44. 

Jauvs McPhail.— Mr. McPhail, as his name indicates, is 
Scotch pnrentikge. He was born in Inverness, Scotland, ii 

C? THE NORTinr^T. 


iSli. ami (^me to America in early life. He was one of the first 
log pilots OQ the waters of the Mississippi and St. Croix. He 
Wtted id atillwat-er in 1S48, was mfirried to Eliaa Purintoa in 
\m, and died in St. Lonis iu 1S57. Mrs. McPhail died in Still^ 
w^r iu ISS.5. They left tio ehildren. 

Jons CoMiACE. — Mr. Cormack commenced piloting on the 
St, CmiK iu 134^5. He was married in 1800 to Misa Jacliins. 
Hcms^e his home in Stillwater coDtinuou.sly for thirty years, 
darlnjc which time he served as pilot. He died at Princeton, 
Mille laca fionnty^ in 1885, 

JoHK HiJfFOED, — BIr* Hanford was a St. Croix river pilot in 
the UOis. He married an atiopted daughter of Socrates Kel- 
son, of StillTfat-er. He died at Stillwater. Mrs. Hanford snbse- 
(ineiitly married Barrou Proet^tr. 

Joay Lbach. — Mr. Leach made his home at Marine many 
vmrs, (luring which time he engaged in piloting on the St. 
Croix; rabseqnently he removed to Stillwater. In the later 
feset of his life he baa been blind. 

Stephes B. Hask3. — Mr. Stephen B. Hanks, formerly of 
iJbany, Qlluois, piloted the first raft from St, Croix Falls to St, 
Louis in 1842. He followed piloting rafts and steamboats until 

9amc£T. S. Haicks. — Samuel, a brother of Stephen B., com- 
meoced piloting in the '-iOs, and is still active. 

tbi «»rlT pILoU on the SL CruLi ml) MJwifiiippk liitn wiKe Aalalat LapoIdL 
Bu-low, Rlcfaard Wbltlug, Juit* HldUPsu, Q^nrge M. Peau]', and D«ald UcLosti. 





Polk county contnius 700,000 acres of land, well diTersified with 
timber and prairie, apluad>« nnd valleys, rivers and lakes, andfl 
f»rtilo triioiigh to sastnin a large population. The eouuly was 
established by tht; WlHcoiiaiu legislature in 185'A, and originally i 
included luucli more territory tban it nowcontaius. newcoaQtiel^| 
having biH>n formed noi-th and east of its prtttMuit domain. In-^^ 
diaa tradci-s ba4l rifiited it at an earlier period, but the first per 
maneut white settlement wa.s made in 1837, and the first pioneer 
who came with the serious intention of making permanent im- 
provement* was Franklin Steele. As Mr. Steele's history is in 
great part the history of the early settlement, we insert it her<-^ 
and very nearly in the language of Mr. St.eele bimaelf, as he comi 
municated it to the writer some years since: 

"I came to the Xorthwcst in 1837. a young man. healthy and 
ambitious, to dare the perils of an almost unexplored i-egiuu, in- 
habit^Ml by siivage«. I sought Fort Snelliug (which via& at that 
time an active United States fort) as a jwint from which to Ktart, 
In Sept+smher, 1S;J7, immtfdiatidy after the trcjity was made ceil- 
ing the St^ Croix valley to the government, accompanied by Di 
Pitch, of Bloomington, Iowa, we started fmm Fort Snelling in a' 
Ijark canoe, also a scow loaded with tools, suppliefi and laboreiis,, 
descended the Mississippi river and ascended the St Croix t< 
the thtllea. We clambered over the rocks to the Falls, wbt-n- we 
made two laud claiuis. covering the Falls on the east .^ide an<l the 
approach to it in the Dalles. Wc built a log cabin at the Falls, ■ 
where the Upper Copper trap range crosses the river and where 
the old mill was afterward erected. A second log house we 


a ' 



/>cs ilt in the rariuc at the head of uavigutiou. Whilst building, 

/{> var ether parties arrived to moke claim to this power. I found 

ris^ reritable Joe Browa on the west side of the St. Croix, trad- 

if» f*^ with the IndianH, a few roth* from where Baker & Taylor 

bc&xJt their mill (near the end of the present toll bridge). Brown 

b£B^3 also cut pine lugs, part of which, in 1838, were used by Baker 

& Taylor, but most of them were burned by forest fires on the 

grocmzid where they were felled. In February, 1838, I made a 

trl p t^ the Falls with a dog team for the relief of oue Boyce, 

vlio vas catting lugs at the mouth of Snake river, and 

bsbd some tronble with the IndianH. I hel|H>d liini until he lelt 

the oountry. Peshiok, achief of the Chippewas, said, 'We have 

no m.ouey for logs; we have no money for land. Logs can not 

go-' He said he could not control his young meu aud would 

not t>*^ responsible for their acts. 

*■■ I«nheKpringofl838, from FortSnellingwc descended the Mis- 

MS»il>pi river to Pi-uirie du Chien in bark eauocs, tlieuc« by 

«**BiK»iertoSt.I/miK, Missouri, where a co-partnership wiis fomuHi 

ty Messrs. Fitch, of Mu»4'atine, Iowa, Libliey, of Alt-un, Illinois, 

Htiog-trford and Livingston, of St. Louis, Hill and Holcombe, of 

Qoinciy, IllinoiSt and myself. We chartered the steanior Psd- 

myro., loaded her with all the niabt>rials with which to build a 

■*^ Uiill, including mechanics to do the work, aud started for the 

8<*n<* of opei'ationa. Plans for procedure, rule« and bylaws 

werei discussed and adopted dnring the journey on the steamer, 

aod t,|,g „g^. orgsiuization was christened the St. Croix Fulls 

I'"Uil>vring Company. Calvin A. Tattle was the millwright." 

^•^e trip WIU4 made in safety, uur immediate plans executed, 

•^ ^he Palmyra was the 6rst steamboat tJiat ever sailed the 

W- Crois river and lake. Mr. Steele ma<le an estimate for the 

***'**trti,.|ifm of the mill and dam at $L'0,000. which hesubiuitted 

t*> tin. company. It was accepted, and Calvin A. Tnttlc. n mill- 

■"^ISht, was placed in charge of the work, but Mr. Steele sold 

^^ Snteresl l-o the company before the mill was coui]ilet<>d. On 

***n>niiiation of the reconis we find that W. Libbey was the first 

*K'*ut of the company. We find alsu from the same record that 

l'tV)tH>y knew little or nothing of the bnsinesshe had undertaken. 

^^i'li a few barrels of whisky ami one of beads he busied bimsi'lf 

tMing with the Indians. This was the first whisky sold in the 

^■alWy, and it was sold in defiance of goverumeut law. 


Mnch could be written about this old pioneer company of tlie 
Northwest, and its history, could it be truly written, would ooo- j 
tAtn many thrilling incidents and scenes worthy of remembranoefB 
but much is already forgotten and many of the most promiuent 
actors have passed away, leaving no retnjrd of their lives. The 
company, as a corporation, passed through many changes of namefl 
and ownership. It8 bistoi-y would Iw a history of litigsitions, of^ 
wrauglings and feuds, of losses and gains, of mistakes, of blun- 
ders and of wrongs. In the first place, the mill was planned byS 
men practically unfitted for such work, inexperieuced in Inra 
bering and unaiuiuainted with the vast expcnditur*.* i-equisite 
fur the opening up of a new coantr}*, hundreds of miles from 
labor and the supplies needed for manufacturing. There were 
three requisite* present, a splendiil wat^T power, abundance of 


timber at convenient distances and a healthful ctimau^; but th 
alone did not and could not moke the enterprise a success. Had 
practical, experienced lumTjcrmen been cmploye<l the result 
might have been different, but impractical methods, enormous 
expenses, vnth no profits or dividends, caused most of the com- 
pany to withdraw, forfeiting their stock in preference to contina- 
ing with the pi-ospect of total bankruptcy. Goods were brought 
annually, at great expcusc, fi-om St. Louis by the large steamers 
which then controlled the trade of the Mississippi and the St. 
Crof X. The navigation of the 3t. Croix grew annually more diffi- 
cult, the immense number of logs fioat^nl down since 1838 wear- 
ing away the banks and increasing the number and area of saad 
Imrs and not infreijuently obstnicting the channel with jams. 

It is not known exactly how or when the name of St. Croix : 
came to be applied to the beautiful river bearing it, but Jakm 
Horpe, in his "I^nisiana," gives the most plausible account of^ 
its origin: *^'This name is not ecclesiastical in it« associations, 
bat named after Monsieur St. Croix, who was drowned at its 
mouth." Le Sueur, who explored the Upper Mississippi iu 1683.J 
says he left a largo river on the east aide, named St. CroixS 
because a Frenchman of that name was drowned at its moiitb. 
Aa Dalnth was the first white man to embark in the waters of 
the St. Croix, de«oending it in canoen, from near Lake Superior, 
which he did in IK80; and as Hennepin and La Salle aACended 
the Ulssissippi the same year, the name could not have ha<l an 
earlier origin, but may be fixed as given sometime between 1680 


and 1683. An old map iu my possession, one hundred and 
twenty-five years old, gives the present name of the river and 
lake. The St. Croix valley embraces an area of territory ^m 
20 to 90 miles in width, and about 120 miles in length. Its north- 
ern Tster, Upper Lake St. Croix, is about 20 miles from Lake 
Saperior. The southern portion is a rich prairie country, inter- 
spersed with groves of hardwood timber. The more northern 
portion is interspersed with groves of pine, tamarack, cedar, bal- 
sam and hardwoods. The whole district, with a small exception, 
is a cereal country. It abounds in wild meadows, and much of 
the swampy portion will ultimately be utilized by ditching, 
which will transform it all into a good stock raising country. 
About eight-tenths of this entire valley is fitted by nature for 

Wheat, the leading cereal, averages ten to thirty bushels per 
acre; the growth of tame grasses can not be excelled; vegetables 
grow to wonderful size; native wild fruits abound; cultivated 
fruits are being successfully introduced; cranberries are being 
CDltivated in the northern part. Wheat, stock, and pine lum- 
ber are the principal articles of export. The southern portion 
is well watered by the St. Croix and its tributaries — Kinniki- 
nic Willow, Apple, Sunrise, and smaller streams, lakes and 
spring. The northern portion is abundantly watered by the 
St. Croix and tributaries — Wolf, Trade, Wood, Clam, Yellow, 
Xaiuakagan, Rush, Kanabec and Kettle rivei-s. Small streams 
and lakes are numerous, of which only the larj^est are named on 
tlio maps. The valley is abundantly supi>lied with water power, 
capable of running enough manufactories to work uj) all the 
products of the country. The fioil is. as a general thing, dry 
and arable. April and May are the seeding months. Crops 
niiiiure, and are seUlom injured by frosts. The whole country 
atliact'iit to this vallej- will answer to this general description. 

On the twenty-ninth day of July, IS.*}?, our goverinncnt pur- 
fhii-MHl the valley of the St. Croix of the Indians at a treaty 
held at Fort Snelling, Gov. Henry Dodge and Gen. Wm. R. 
Smith acting as commissioners. The purchase was ratified in 
CongH'SS iu the spring of 1838. Polk county, originally a part 
"f Crawford, in 1840 became a part of St. Croix, aud in 1853 re- 
ceived its present organization and name, the latter in honor of 
James K. Polk, eleventh president of the United States. This 




conntTV occnpies the east-ern part of tho valley of th« St. CrtHX 
lying between Ilnrnett and St. Croix counties on the north and 
Bontb, and Barron on the east, the St. Croix river forming its 
western boundary. The snrfHce iH agreeably diversified with, 
forest and prairie land, and is snpplied with excetlent springs, 
rivers and lakes. Most of the andcrlying rock is Kindfttone. 
This rock crops oat along the banks of the St. Croix and is e-i- 
lensively ust?d for building pnrposfs. Liiue rock is also found 
:ilong the river banks, some tif which is of a superior grade, 
uolably that Im'Iow Osc(^>la, which Ik manufactured into lime 
and exported. The uatnral scenery ean wsircely l>e snrpai&itfd 
in the West. The towering, precipitoiLs bluft's along the St- ■ 
Cit>is, the picturesque trap racks of the Dalles, and the bright " 
oletir lakes of the interior have long been au attraction to the 
tourist. The lakes and smaller streums abound in fish, and th«S 
latter are famou.s for their abundance of brook trout. V 

The county seat at the organization of tlie county waft located 
at St. Croix Falls. Thv Hmt election held in the limits of th 
present county of Polk, prior to il« organization, was at 8t 
Croix Falls, then a voting precinct, known »h Caw-Miw-baw 
kang, a Chipi>ewa uame, meaning wat^-rfall. The returns o 
this election were made to Prairie du Chien. T was prew^nt at 
the canvnaHing of these returns. They were found to be ace 
rate. Aunnally since then elections were held at this point and 
returuH made, firet to Prairie du Chien, Crawford county, then 
to Stillwater, St. Croix county, to Hudson, 8L Croix county, 
and to Osceola Mills, Polk county. By an election held 1 
Polk county Just aftvr its organization the connty seat was re 
moved to Osceola Mills, by a unanimous vote. The records of 
the first elections can not be found, they having been stolen 
from the safe in 1864. The following county officers were elected 
in 1853: Isaac Froeland, clerk of court and register of deeds; 
E. C. Treadwell, sheriff; Oscar A. Clark, 8ur\'eyor; Wm. Kent, 
county treasurer; Harmon Crandall, coroner; Xelson McCarty, 
district attorney; J. Freelnnd, clerk of board of sapervisore. 
The first meeting of the board of sui>ervisors was held inOsoeoI* 
in Isaac Freeland's building, where the ofGccs were located for 
nmny years. The first court was held in the school house, Wyram 
Knowlton presiding. Both petit and grand juries were in at- 
tendanoe. Isaac Freeland was the first attorney admitted 

at I 




practice. Isaac W. Hale was the first county judge. The firat 

■narriage was that of Lewis Barlow to — ^, at 8t. Croix 

FUls. The fiwt birth in the couuty Mas that of Charles North- 

nip, SOD of Aasiju Xoithrap, at St. Croix Falls (1844). The 

Hi«l dojitli w:iM tliat of .Tohn ICi^lly, by drowning (1839). at St. 

Croix Palls, The first school in the county was established at 

St. Croix F:ills by Miss Tainter, from Pmirie du Chien, in 1846. 

Th>; first whool house wa.s built in Osceola in 1852, the second at 

.St. Croix Palls in 1861- The first mail, established iu 1S40, was 

••arrieil up the St. Croix river by batteaus in summer and by 

-sle<l8 over the ice in winter. Th<^ mail wiw weekly; the carrier 

xvas Or. Pliilip .'Vldricli. The first land mail route wa« iu 1847, 

iVotn Willow Kiver to .St. Croix Falls. The mail was carriwl by 

XDi: Aldrich through the woods. The first stage route was cstab- 

Il^hfd iu 1855. 'The first d«>ed we find of Polk county property is 

»**©conled at Prairie du Chien Si-pt. 2, 1815, from James Puriuton 

*^<i John Witherell, of St. Ixmls, Missouri, for $4,933,— a deed of 

fcr rust i:«)vpring a sjiw mill at St. Croix Falls. The seconil deftl is 

^^6m Henj. T. Otis to Kdmond Johnson, conveying an nndivitied 

■- «it«rest in a pre-emption claim, kuowu as the Northrup or Jeru- 

em claim, about one mile east of .St. Croix Falls, for $200. 

e first deed recorded in the oonnty of old St. Croix wa« Sept. 

1845, from James Purinton, of St. Croix Falls, to John H. 

ergnson, of the city of St. Louis, Missouri, — consideration 

11,552, — of St. Croix Palls wat«r power pi-operty- The lirst 

re was built in St^ Croix Falls in 18.'}9 and stocked with goods 

ylhe St. Croix Falls Company. The first bliicksmith shop and 

o first hotel were built at St. Croix Falls. The first grist mill 

built at Osceola in 1853. The first crops were raised at 

"^'Jerusalem," the first farm iu the county, iu 1839. *'Jerusa- 

^^fc^em" was the farm now owned by Wm. Blandiug, and was early 

^^■loted 39 a reeort for pleasui-e seekers, as a place for picnics aud 

"^Dase ball games. The first pre-emption and entry of laud was 

^^ttade in 1848, by Harmon Crandall, of Parmington. Settlers 

'^lame into the county slowly nntil about 1866, since which time 

'Uic population has more rapidly increased. 


Undoubtedly the greatest curse to the pioneers of a new 
settlement^ and to the aborigines as well, is the liquor traffic. 



The Indians, under the inflaeooe of whisky, became infariated 
aud were capable of oommitting any atrocity; the effects upon 
the whites were not so violent but just as surely demoralizing^ j 
and in time as &taL Amoug dealers in the rile fluid there was] 
no one more persist-ent aud unscrnpalous than Capt. M. M. 
Samuels. During the summers of 1S48 and IS49 there was no 
other whisky selling house at the Falls. The character of the 

vMsky sold was vile beyond description. Mrs. H and son 

informed me that they were employed by Samuels during the 
summer in comi>ouuding various roots with toba<?co and boiling 
them, for the manufacture of a strong drink that was sold for 
whisky. Many, both whites and Indians, were poisoned by this 
compound. As an emphatic evidenc* against the vileness of 
the liquor, I append some of the blighting results: 

A talented yonug lawyer, Hall by name, from Pbiladelphiar be- 
came infatuated with the peculiar Mhi^ky furnished by Samue1&, 
and when insane from its effects ran from Barlow's boarding to a high rock overhanging the 8t. Croix river, just below ■— 
the falls, plunged in and was <lrowDed. ]| 

Another, named Douglas, under the same inllnence, trie<i re- 
peatedly to drown hiiniiielf, when his friends bound him securely^ 
with cords. He then managed to stab himself. f 

Alexander Livingston, a man who in youth had had excellent 
advantages, became himself a dealer in whisky, at the month of 
Wolf creek, in a drunken meleo in his own store was shot aad 
killed by Robido, a half-breed. Ilobido was arrested but man- 
aged to escape justice. 

LiviugstoDf once, when on his way fi-om Wolf creek to Clam 
falls, songht refiigc iu my camp, having witJi him twu k*^gR of 
whisky. The Indians soou collected at thecampin fightiiigtrim , 
and sung aud danced madly about the door of the cabin, and clam-a 
ored for scoot-a-wa-bo (whisky). I refused to allow any whisky™ 
to be issued. The Indians were furious. Livingston cowered 
with fetir. Foreseeing trouble I ordered Kat Tibbetts and Jon- 
athan Brawn to take the kegs and follow me. The Indians 
stopped their gymnastic performances aud gazed intently. With 
an axe aud with a single blow on each keg I knocked in the heads, 
and the whisky was JMon swallowed up iu the snoM'. The In 
dians sprang forward with demoniac yells and commenced lick- 
ing up the saturated snow, after which they danced around me, 



calling me "Oge-ma" (captain). I gave them food and they went 
any sober and apparently satisfied. 


Iq the spring of 1848 there were two rival whisky sellers at 
or near Balsam lake. Miles Tornell, a Norwegian, was located 
midway between the lake and the Falls. Miller, a German, had 
his poRt at the lake. Miller was an older trader, and claimed ex- 
dosive rights. A bitter feeling sprang up between them, which 
nsnlted, as the testimony aftei-ward proved, in the murder of 
Toraell. His house was burned, and his body found concealed 
in a coal pit. One McLaughlin, who was stopping ^nth Tornell, 
vasalso murdered. An investigation was set on foot. Samuels 
and Fields acted as detectives, and fixed the crime upon an In- 
dian, whom they arrested on an island in Blake's lake, and 
brought to the Falls for trial. H. H. Perkins acted as judge, a 
jarr of good men was impaneled, and the trial was held in 
Daniel Mears' store. A prosecuting attorney and counsel for the 
accnsed were appointed. The Indian fi-ankly confessed the kill- 
ing, and said that he had been hired to do the bloody work by 
Miller. Another Indian testifi^ to being present on the occasion 
of the murder. After brief remarks by the lawyers, the jury 
Woiii;ht in ;i vtrdiet of guilty. There was no foi'nial sentence. 
Tlicliiiliati wiis kept under guard till next nioruiug, when, by 
the iiriaiuiiious consent of all pre.sent, lie was hanged to a ti'ee, 
>i!i(y lili^'lited. that stood near the oM burj-ing ground (later 
Liiuisiuna street), and \v;is hanged, Samuels otrieiating as sheriff. 
Tho Indians present were permitted to take the body, which they 
liiiriHi with Indian rites. Toward Miller, who ought to have 
Iftn held as jn-incipal. the crowd were unexpectedly lenient. In- 
sttsiil of being hanged upon the same tree, he was merely laslied 
to it, and (logged, Pat Collins administering fifteen strokes on 
the bare back with a beech withe. He was then placed on a 
stwrnlmat and ordered to leave the country, never to return. 
Of the more active participants in the hanging, Pat Collins, who 
'^ifficiated as hangman, and who flogged Miller, was undeniably 
a hard citizen. He had a bitter grudge against Miller, and ad- 
ministered the strokes with a will. He was hinLself hanged some 
rears later in California for highway robbery. Chas. F. Rowley, 
who assisted in the hanging, lived for some years on a farm at 



Wolf creek, enlist«d in 1861 in the Union army, and was kilh 
in battle. 


The folUm-in;; h ends of families resided in St. Croix Falls 
1848: H. H. Perkins, Kdward Worth, G. W. Brownell, Ot 
Hoyt, J. Saunders, E. Arnold, L. Barlow, A. L. Tnttle. M. M. 
Saimii'ls, CJho. I)f ALtley, Jfost'S Pt-rin. and AV. H. C. Folsom. 

Tlie following single men claimetl this as their home: I). Mi 
J. L. and K C. D. Taylor, P. Kelly, A. Romain. J. and W. R. 
Marshall. W. F. Colby, Dr. De Witt, W. J. Vincent, C. Dextrr, 
A. Voule, H. H. Newberry, J. and O. Wcymonth, Geo. Field, Wj 
W. FolsooL, J. H. Taller, J. Dobncy, J. Paine, and some oCh( 
whose nauioB I citn not readily recall. 

)U1. J 


The Tndians, when nnable to talk English, ncvertliclpss m 
Aged Lo express themselves intt^lHgibly by gestures, picture w 
ing. and vocal utterances, imitating the Huunds which they wi 
to describe. A kind old Chippew:i orc-iHionally visited my «i 
Uc wonld sit by the camp fli-e and mark ont in the aabes the o 
lines of lakes and streanLs. Tn tracing South Clam river, 
certain point he drew a line across the stream, ami blew 
breath between his t«eth and lips in snch a way as to perfect 
imitat« the sound of falling water. Sometime afterward, ' 
exploring Clam river, on rounding a cun'o I heard the soand 
falling water, and found the fall jost as he bad locat«d it. 


Mr. Perkins had been in the village since 1847, acting as ag< 
for the Falls company antil Che winter of 1850-51, when he 
accidentally drowned while attending to his dntics. He n 
engaged in repairing the dam, and was standing on a block 
ice. In an nn^arded moment he lost his foothold and was g 
ried by the swift current under the ice. It was two days befor 
hia body was recovered. His family left the valley, taking 
body with them. 


BylTester Partridge, a "Vermont man, in the year 1846—47, 
tabUflhed an Indian trading post tiiree- fourths of a mile al 


;t '{frbuT^kl^ Tbe bnildinge consisted of a dweUing li^nse^ 
whisky »h.opj bowling alley, Indian house aod stable^ tiie vhole 
inappropriately styled QtiailtowQ, as the name vas a groM dan- 
(icF upon the innocent birds. The quails la this *'Fartol^e'' 
nwt were evil bird& The resort was noted for its riotoafl| dUh 
ord«T. Th^ worst cloeM^s met there for revelry dod midnight 
or^ii^. lu the sumnier of 1S19 Alfred Bomain and Aitddc Kelly 
mt at Qiiuihown, disputed, fonght, were parted, and the next 
day met by agreement to contlnnethe fight with pistols. fXhey 
vvri^lo meet at sannae in front of Daniel MeaiB^ store. An 
:ittvin[iT was made to pacily them, bat iu vain. Only Bomain 
ftliptun^l utn the appointed place, and not finding iCelly, hunted 
ibroagli the village for Mm. About 9 o'dodE a* X. lie ibond 
dim at tUe house of SimbaU, amulattoman. Bomain shot bimat 
Hij^K fatally. At th« Inqaest, held by Dr. Hoyt, it waB proven 
that Bomain fired four sbots into the body of Kelly, each taking 
^Ht, and then crushed his skull with the pistol, and that Kelly . 
fitvtl ouc shot at RomaiD. Bomain was held for morder, but 
«s n^Ter brought to trial. After two yeara' confinement he 
wajKcl ft-om the Jail at Frairle da Chlen. 

Bomain afterward removed to Stp. Louis, reformed his mode 
of llfi^ aod be<^me a steady and respectable man. Kelly was a 
mtive of Ireland, and at the time of his death was eqgaged to be 
ouutied to an estimable lady, one of the corps of teachers sent 
oat by Gov. Blade. 

unTERAi. permits- 
Is 1S46 a party of speculators, composed of CaJeb Gushing, 
Enltaa Choate^ Bol^rt Bantoul, and others, located a mineral 
permit, one mile square, covering part of the site of the two 
towns of St. Croix and Taylor's Falls, with the water power as 
tti^oetttre. Their permit was filed in the general land office at 
WuMngton. They located another permit at or near the mouth 
flfKeCtle river. As no money was ever expended iu improving 
titejn, these permits were never respected. Subsequently the 
gomimient reeurreyed the lands and sold them. The present 
ti& to these lands is perfectly good. 


Id the olden time officers could not always readily be found to 
ftiecBte the laws. Parties desiring to he married, being unable 




to secure the servicee of a minister or justice of the peace, woiild^y 
seek for an officer on the other side of the river, get on a raA. oi^M 
boat, cost off the fastenings and under the concurrent jurisdiction 
of the state and territorial "authorities, would be pronounoed 
'*man and Trife." Parties hare had the same rite performed idfl 
the winter season while standing ou the ice of the St. Croix mld-^ 
way betweeu the two shores. 


During the excitement following the Indian ontbreakt 
was a general fceliug of insecurity aud alarm. The half-breeds 
were especially apprehensive of some kind of violence. One 
bright moonlight evening, at St. Croix, a surveyor was taking 
some otxservationA, and as his instrument glittered brightly in 
the moonliglit, the half-breeds saw it and fle«1, badly frightened,J 
fancying a Sioux behind evei-y bush. The whites seeing thei 
running, as if for their lives, caught the pauic^ and tied over t( 
the Minnesota side. The Taylor's Falls people were aroused froi 
their peacefhl slumbers to find, soon nitor. that it was a 
alai-m. Some of the fugitives hid underneath the bridge an( 

clung to the trestle work till morning. 



I am Indebted to Calvin A. Tnttle for the following reminlaj 
oenoe: In July. 1838, the steamer Palmyra, Capt. 3Iiddletoi 
of Hannibal, Mts-stmri. in command, the first steamer on St. Croii 
irat«i«, brought me to St. Croix Falls, lauding in the Dalles, 
Aide, opposite Angle Rock. The snorting of the Palmyra brought 
many cariosity seeking Indians to the Dalles. They gathered oi 
the pinnacles of the trap rock, peeitd cnriously over and jumper 
back, trembling with fright at the "Scota Cheuian" or 
Cftuoe." the first that had evir lloated on the placid wat«rs of th4 
St. Croix. I had been employiMl as millwright to erect mills 
the new. aud. as yut, almost unknown settlement. On the Pal- 
myra came the proprietors, Steele, Fitch. Hungerford, Libbey, 
Livingston, Hilt, and Kussell. with mill irons, tools and prori^ 
fiiODS for the eat«rprise. 


After climbing ovor the cragged rock-s we ciune to ut Ii 
tntl which led to the Falls, Mhefe we found two men. Lagoo 


Deoire holding the claim for Steele. The fanciful scheme of 
bnildiag a mill np lu the wild land looked now like a reality. 
The men lived in a log cabin just belo^^ the Falls, in a small 
clearing in the timber, near a copper rock range. Boyce and 
his men had been driven in by Indians from above. Andrew 
Mackey and others of Boyce's men went to work with us. Thirty- 
six men had come from St. Louis on the steamer Palmyra. We 
moved our machinery from the Dalles to the Falls by water and 
tommenced work immediately. Steele's men had been hindered 
by the Indians from procuring timber for the building of the 
mill We obtained a supply from Kanabec river, which arrived 
September 15th. Building the mill and blasting the rock occu- 
pied onr attention during the winter. The mill was soou com- 
pleted and running. During this period the work was often inter- 
raptedand the men were greatly demoralized by the threatening 
behavior of the Indians. Many of them were frightened into 
leaving the settlement, but their places were supplied by the 
company whenever practicable. During 1340 we received some 
reliable accessions, among them J. L. Taylor, John Mclvnsiok, 
Jbfieph Haskell, Elam Greely, J. W. Furber and A. McHattie. 
Some frame houses were built near the mill. Washington Libbey 
Tss oar first agent, Darnes our second (1839), Capt. W. Frazer 
our third (1S40), Capt. Wm. Holcombe our fourth (18-41). The 
dist death wjts t>f a mun drowned in 1810. The lii-st white 
ffoinan who visited the Falls was Mrs. David Houe. Kev. 
Btintwell preached here in IS.'JIJ. A. Xorthrup and family eiimc 
III 1*10. 


InlrvlOJi'remiah Russell, the Indian farmer at Pokegania, Pine 
I'ouuty, Minnesota, sent two Chippewa Indians to St. Croix Falls 
lorsapplics. wlio arrived in. safety. A band of fifty Sioux Indians 
were concealed at this (St. Croix Falls) settlement foi- some days. 
^Vitliiii an hour after the arrival of the two Chippewa-s, the set- 
tlMiient was surrounded by these Sioux. The whites, seeing that 
truutilowas brewing, secreted the Chippewas for two days, the 
'^mx closely watching. The white men were restless, and afraid 
I'" iio to work. Capt. Frazer, Rev. Ayers and myself held a 
'■"uiicil and expTained the situation to the Chippewas, who re 
plied that they would not exjjose the whites to trouble. They 
resolveil on leaving and started in open day north over the trap 



1-ock ridge^ thence through the hashes, where tliey disoovei 
two Sioux. The Chippewas were armed and fired on the Sioux, 
killing them iustantly. The Chippewa^ thea started to ran. TU 
report of the gnns brought wjuatls of Sioux immediately lu pu^ 
suit^ who, firing on the Chippewas, killed one- The two dead 
Sioux were sons of Little Crow. They were placed by the Sionx 
in a sitting posture, with backs to a tree, facing the enemy-s 
country, on the second bench near where the mill daui wa« sub- 
sequently built, a double barreled gnu standing on the groui 
between them. They decorated the corpses with war paini 
ribbons and mosses. The two Chippewas who killed Little Crow*(| 
sous bore the titles Julius nnd Wezhaymah. The Sioux in pui 
suit killed Julias, and his head was hung up in a kettle beibi 
those he had slain. His body was chopped in pieces and scat- 
tered to the four winds. 

Prom an historical letter, written by Mrs. B. T. Ayer, wl 
lives at Belle Prairie, Minnesota, and whom we have elsewhei 
mentioned, we have the following description of the death of thj 
sons of Little Crow; 

*' Julius was of medium height, stoat build, very neat, ai 
when in full dress very few Indians would favorably compai-e" 
with him. Being a good hunter he had the means of grntityii 
his tjiste. His hair was long and abundant^ and was kept elc 
and shining by the freijuent use of comb and brush, with th| 
help of a little marrow or beui-'s oil. Three or four of hiH iium<*i 
ooB long bniids, studded with silver b'rooch(«, hung gracefully 
on both sid(»s of his face and over his arms — the rest of his drv«s 
in A mannur corresponding. His hair, like Absalom's, did tiob< 
save him from his enemies. The Dakotas may danoe aroatid 
for gencmtioDs and never see its equal. 

'* Wezhaymah made his appearance at Pokegama. As hedn" 
near the houses he gave a salut-e from his double barreliMl gnit. 
The Ojibways were mueh frighl<'ned. They believed the Sioux 
had returned to make another trial fur scnips and plunder. TJif> 
first impuiKe of the women wjw to hide. The chief's wife and 
oldest daughter being at the mission house, went through a tr.ip 
door iuto a dark cellar. Bnt when the supposed dead stood 
befon- them, alive and well, there was great rejoicing. J 

"Wezhaymah said that Julius killed both of Little Opow'# 
sons; that the Sioux followed, him bnt n short distance, then all 


□r THB VOBTHimT. 95 

tBMd after JoIIiib. Hb took a dnmitoaa route homor traTellng 
liltealglituid Udlng in the daj. Juliua^ parents, Josephand 
Intoi^ and other membera of their fiunily, were membeia of the 
■Won dhnrdi. He and his iriib made no proftasioD, thongh 
Ih^f aonatlmea attended xeUgions voiship." 

Aboat tw«ity days after, abont one hundred Sloox oanw from 
Uta» Ctow'a hand at Bed Book for the bodies of their dead 
MBiadeB and tiie gon, having flnt) hy means of ^iea, satisfied 
IkMiiTrrn that there were no GSiippewas in the vicinity. One 
■ontDg^ as the whites were going to work, they were surprised 
if the ndden ^ipearanoe of these Indians, who mahed saddenly 
itn ipon them from diiferent trails, gorgeondy painted and 
vtteot Uankets. "inieir movements were so sndden that the 
vfetta were completely sarprised, and at the meroy of the In- 
dmifiriio, however, sf^isfled themselves with searching the camp 
nd qipffopriating all 'the viotnaLs they oonld find, ostensibly 
iMiddBg for the gun which was not to be found where they had 
Ml it. Oomplaining bitterly of its loss, they withdrew to a trap 
isek Mge near by, where they formed a drde, danced, song 
Md And several guns into the, air. They then asked to see 
'H)g»-na, " the agent, and formally demanded the gon. Every- 
•M in eamp denied any knowledge whatever of the missing 
iitide. The Indians were at first mnoh dissatisfied, but finally 
little Crow advanced, smoked a pipe and ofi'ered it to Gapt. 
Knzer, shook hands and withdrew, apparently in peace. 

As it is not the custom for Indians to molest the dead, they 
firmly believed a white man had taken tbe gun. Little Crow 
qtplied to Mf^. Plympton at Fort Snelling, charging the theft 
I Qpon the whites. The major in tnrn wrote to Capt. Frazer at 
tbe Falls to make an investigation, as a result of which the gun 
ns foand in a tool chest belonging to Lewis Barlow, concealed 
noder a false bottom. Barlow professed entire innocence and 
ignoranee of the matter, suggesting that his brother must 
li»Te placed the gun there. Gapt. Frazer severely reprimanded 
bim for imperiling the lives of aM the whites in the settlement 
br his foolish and thievish act. The gun was sent to M^. 
Plympton, who wrote to Capt. Frazer cautioning him to be on 
bis Koard, as the Indians were much irritated. Barlow had 
orned the contempt and dislike of his fellow workmen. 




Mr. Tattle was at the Falls at tUc time of the Tamous battU 
between the Sioux aud Chippewas, which was fought in the 
rarine where the SliuuesuLa Htale prisou uow stands, July 3|^ 
1830, and has given nw the following account: fl 

The Chippewas of the St. Croix hail been invited l)y the officer 
iu command at Foil Snelling to a couuciU the object of which 
was to effect a treaty of peace. Two hundred and fifty or thrne 
hundred Chippewas, including their women and children, pojssei 
down the St. Croix in canoes, rested in fancied security in th< 
ravine near the present site of Stillwater, and made a poi 
thtMiee to Fort Snelling, where, under prot«eliou of governraent 
soldiers, the council was held. The i>ip« of peace had been tsmoked 
and the Chippewas were quietly returning home, and had en* 
camped a second time in the ravine, expecting to re-embark th< 
next morning on the watei-s of the St. Croix. Just at the daw: 
of t^e ensuing day, and while they were still asleep, u large body 
of Sioux, who ha^l stealthily followed, them, fell upou them sud* 
denly, and with wild yells oommeuced an indiscriminate slaugh-j 
ter. The Chippewas rallying, drove the Sioux from the ground, 
thereby retaining possessiou of their dead, to the numl>er oi 
about thirty. After the araoke uf i»eace at Fort Snelling it was' 
reporteil that a Sinus ha<l twen killed. This inoense<l them so 
that they followed iu two parties, one party pursuing the St^ 
Croix band aud another the Mille Tj^cs band up Rum river. The 
latter party overt4H>k the Chippewas at the point where Prince- 
ton is now located, and slew sixty of their number, it was after- 
ward ascertained that the Sioux killed near Fort Snelling 
killed by a Pillager of the Upper Mississippi, an Indian of 
band that was not In the council. The Sioux and Chippewas, 
it is true, are bitter, relentless, hereditary foos, bnt this slaugh- 
ter occurred throngh a grievons mistake. The Chippewas, oi 
their return, resU-d at the Fulls. Capt. Frazer gave them medi^ 
cine, dressed their wounds aud fed them. The Indians gave 
to the wildest grief at their losses, and when they heard of th4 
siirty killed of the Mille Lacs baml} their mourning cries an< 
moans batlled description. 


The first logs were cut by J. R, Brown on the Taylor's Pall 
tiat in the winter of 1836-<37, but the first regular outfit mui 


camp was that of John Boyce, who came ap in a mackinaw boat 
from St. Louis with eleven men and six oxen, lauding at St. 
Croir Falls late in the fall of 1837. Mr. Andrew Mackey, who 
iras in his party, has furuiahed me with some items regarding 
this adveuture. The boat was cordelled over the rapids, and, 
with poles and lines taken as far as the mouth of Kanabec river, 
vhere a camp was established. Boyce had considerable trouble 
vith the Indians. Little Six, a Chippewa chief, came to the 
amp with two hundred warriors in a defiant, blustering manner^ 
telling him to '*go awaj'," to "go back where they came from." 
Boyce procee<led to the Indian mission at Lake Pokegama aud 
invoked the aid of Rev. Mr. Boutwell, Ely, Ayersand Seymour ^ 
who came back with him to the camp and had a ''talk'' with 
Little Six, who claimed that the whites had paid no money. 
Mr, Seymour explained to them the provisions of the treaty, of 
vhichthey would soon hear; that under its provisions the whites 
hsd a right to the timber; that they were not usurpers, that they 
Tonld live peaceably and not disturb their game. The Indians 
grant«d assent, bat refused to allow the whites to remove any of 
tiieir cbingwack (.pine). Mr. Seymour, apprehending trouble, 
advised Mr. Boyce to leave. He determined to remain. The 
Indians being still troublesome, Mr. Boyce descended the river 
titthe falls, the Indians followini;. Ongoing over the falls the 
hoat filled and Mr. Boyce lost nearly all he had. The Palmyra 
shortlyatter broke the sik'nee of the Dalles with its shrill whistle 
anil limught the news of the ratification of the treaty by Con- 
grrtw. Bijyce sent his boat down th(? river, built small boats and 
made haste to return to his camp on Kaiiabee river, where he re- 
mained through the fall and winter cutting logs. 


In April and May of 1839, Boyce raftt.-d his logs with i>ole.s and 
T»\m made of ba-sswood strings. The high water swept them 
a«"aY. He gathered from the broken raits enough for one raft, 
made it as -strong as possible, and continued the descent. The 
rail Mruck upon the first island and went to pieces. Boyce saved 
tbe canoe and a part of the provisions. Boyce wi\s by this time 
iaafarions rage at his want of success*, but tried a third time to 
luakenraft. The crew, tired and hungry, refused to work. A 
ntT contract was made and written on a slate, there being no 



pixper. The logm wt^re li^ft in \\u> livcr. Smuc of them floats 
down aud were sold to the Falls company and to tlm company 
Haiine. Boyce lost all bis labor and investment; the uicn got 
but little for their work. Frank Steele had juwistwl in supply- 
ing provisions and clothinir for the men, the value of which 
he never received. Boyce was disgusted aud left the country. 


Lori W. Stratton, who came np on the Paliuyrftr Jnly, IJ 
g^ves a few remluisceaees from which we select an account of' 
payment made to the Chippewa ludiatis the year of his arrivt 
The crew aud pa^eugers of the Palmyra had beeu gi-eatly 
noyed by the Indiaus. who expected their first paymout in Jul 
and lieMteged the t>oat iu givat numbem, demanding it at- 
hands of the first whites who had eome up the rirer^ unable 
anderstand tlie diffenmtw between the regularly constituted 
thorities and those immigrantj> who had nothing to do with 
payments. It was not nntil the first week of November tl 
their goods came for payment. The place where Stillwater n(M 
stauds was selectM as the place where they should assemble, fl 

The old stern wheel Gipsey brought the goods and landeil then: 
on the beach. The Chipi>ewH& came there to the number 
1,100 In their canoes, nearly starred by waiting for their pi 
mcnt- While there receiving it the ri^^er and lake froze np, 
a deep snow came on; tha$ all their supplies, includiug 
hundred bvr«]a of flonr, twenty-fire of pork, kegs of tobaoi 
bales of bluuket^s. guns and anuuuuitiou. casks of Me^ifsin d 
lars, etc, all were saciitiivd except what they could carry off 
th^r backs tUrough the suow hundreds of mile6 away. Tta 
fleet of birch canoes they deslruyed before leaving, lest the Sic 
might have thi> K:kti.sfactiuu of doing Ibcauue after they left. 

Many of the old «8 vdl as the yonog died from orereati 
they being uearty starred. Thus (heir fii-st payment becam 
carec nither than a blessing to them, for their supplies soon 
out, the sMBon ftw haattng vm past, they were away trom ho 
mod bad no neuw of gettiog tltere. except by vadiug ibroE 
4mp anov. Uanjr parbhed iu the attempt. As ia nsual in ssij 
easea, I eapposa, m> one vasto blame, but the [>oor Indians bfi 
to saflbr Uie fioaMqnences of somebody's ncgK*cl- The old Q; 
«ey bad Marocily lime to gvt throtigh the hike before 1 




1.Tk tUt> rou^h log eabiD at St. Croix Falls were three females, 

.«■ ^*-ivcs ofMessre. Orr aud Sackett, employes of the compauy, 

><1 Ttf ifts Ttiiiiig. (laughter of a widower of that uame. Life iu that 

^l>iii was by no mtains a dri:aiu of bliss, for in cuuSL'qiU'uee of 

Le ri]08<initoe^, inure releiitle^ pt^rMXnitorH than tlu> Indians, a 

snai»<ige had to he kept bnraing night and day, or at least by 

jday x\-hen the sun was not shining, The old cabin served for a 

[Vitcilien, whih; au arbor vrwi improvised outside for a dioiug 

[roorn.. Shortly after the arrival of the immlgmnta, and before 

lh,«j- had l«*arne<l all the peculiaritifs of Tudinn churaeter. they 

TCrt; visile*! by :t party of hrte<;u or twenty bravis, whtt set about 

loi'niiig thciuselvcR, and S]>ent the foreuoou iu jmiutiug and get- 

"*E thems<;lv('8 up in gorgeous rig, i*eg;irdleiis of expensu, pre- 

P^riitory to giving a fi-e** unl+^rtaiuuieut. Just, before dinner was 

f^Hed, they arr»nge*l themselves near the table aud gave a dance, 

f hich was very much applaudetl, after which they were given 

pt'esente of bread anil meat, and dismissed, apparently highly 

P^*«i«ed with the saecess of their evliibition. The household 

8ftth»*reil about the table to enjoy their repast, but to their e-on- 

*^rriation, not a knife, fork or spixrn oould be found. AV'hlle the 

'**»Jority of the Indians were riveting the att'Ontion of the new 

^'^^uiers by their extaordinary antics, the rciuaindcr were quietly 

*«Ktraeting the tableware. They were afterward charged with 

***y thiill, but prolt'stcd iunoeene*^. Th*; missing artieles wbi-c 

'**?ver beard of a^^n. A pig of lead, lell outside, disappi^arrd 

** the same time. The poor Tndiann denied evpr having senu 

"**? lead. Mr. Stratton remarked, however, that all their war 

^^obs. pipes aud gnu stocks ha<l been lately and elaborately or- 

^'^taented with molten lead. 


At another time, shortly l>efore payment, when the ludiauB 

"^•^re nnuKiially hungry and troublesome, two barrels of jiurk 

"^d one of butter mysteriously disappeared. The pork barrels 

*tTe found empty in the river, aud also the butter barrel with 

<*ne-third of the contents missing. The Indians lay all day in 

^^tiip sick, but protested their innocence. Nevertheless, at 

Wymeui day a claim of two hundred dollai-s for the pork aud 

^O" liuudred and fifty for the buttt-r was allowed aud kei»t back. 



They made no objectious Co paying for the pork, but proU«t«d 
against p»yiug for the butter, as it did them no good and made 
them all sick. 

In September, an old Indian came to the cabin, b^ging for 
something to eat. The agent went to the pork barrel and hel 
np a tine piece of pork weighing alwnt twelve pounds, to whi 
the tail va& still attached. At sight of this his coDnt«nance A 
and he went away wlently nnd snllcnly. 

Shortly afterward a yoke of oxen wa.s missing. They had 
been driven off over some bare ledges of trap to break the trail 
An Indian wjw Hired Ui hunt for them. He found tliat th 
same Ix-gpar who had been ki> disgiwt^Mi with the nft'er of u pit 
of pork with the tuil attached hiui driven them off and slang 
t«r('d them. Payment day m^ule all right, and the Indiaus we: 
compelled to pay a good price for rather poor boef. 




Mrs. Mary C. Worth eommnnicat«d to the writer the follow^ 
jng incidents, illustrating some of the ricisriitudes of the c^H^| 
settlers: "^ 

It was in the fall of 1841', There were aboat two hundr 
people in the village, most of them in the employ of James 
inton, company agent. They were alreatly short of provision 
and the winter was rapidly coming on, and the expected boa 
with its cargo of provisions for the winter supply, was lo 
delayed. September passed, October came and nearly passe 
and still no boat. Suow covered the ground, nnd thin ic*; t 
river. The ice, in finely broken pieces, floated down the rapi 
and was bcgiuuing to gorge in the Dalles, and still no l>oal. 
vi^omt wore allotted to the resident families, and the gloo 
est' anticipations filled all minds at the prospex^ of the Ion, 
dreary winter without food; when, on the twenty-eighth of Oi 
ber, the long expected whistle was heard from the oomiu; 
steamer. The people rushiHl frantically down to the old wa 
house, but the ico was, so gorged iu the Dalles that uo boat coni 
make the landing. No boat was in sight, uor whm the whint 
heard again. Had it all Iwcn an illusionf The ejtger thro 
were again in despair. Another night of oold would block 
the river. Just then the voices of white men were heard fro 
the rocks of the Dalles, and to their great joy they perceivedi 




Y>oat*A offioera and passengers clanibenng i\o\\~q from the 
*ics, with the glad tidings that the boat had reached the land- 
half a mile below, and was then nnloading her cargo. Tho 
i^t, a» soon as nnloaded, hnrriedly departed to avoid being 
ozc^D in. The viuter passed merrily enoagh. but eloads and 
K-lcnesH gathered in the spring. Provisions were again short. 
«K"»<1 liud to l>e apportioned sparingly and e^iually. Occasionally 
a 0.«^c:r or a fisli eknl out the sapply, bnt starvation woh agiiin 
inpixzxineat. On this o<?ca»ion they were relieved by the recep- 
tion of conderanH4l pork from Fort SnelHng. The St. Lonis pro- 
p»-ietK)r8 sent up :inother boat load of supplies after the opening 
*" xi^vigation, and all seemed well, when, during the prevalence 
f liigh water, the boom and mill race gave wuy and the logs, 
oix- main dependence, were swept down the river and beyond 
^^^ir* control. This important occurrence, as it then seemed to 
1*^» opened ap for the company and people a new trade from the 
["'^•Jl^ty below, which has bwu a source of inmieuse profit. It sug- 
the idea of booming and rafting their logs for points down 
^ «nver, and Iwl to the bnilding of the first saw mill at Still- 

ugh! uoh; 




*^^». Fnrintou at one time invit*d a few noted 
^'^'■^^ begging for food to be seated at "his table. 
■^*t^s<J them if they would have tea or coffee. 
.^*l ■bivalent to yes, yce) replied the whole party. 

^-o^i mixed their tea and coftee. 

Indians who 
He politely 

"Ugh: Ugbl 
So Mr. Pnr- 


. ^*Ttiekatice, a Chippewa chief, heartl that a barit'l of whisky 

VT*"*^ been stored for safe keeping iu the cellar of Mrs. Worth, at 

~**"^^iam Lake. Muekatic« forced himself iuU> the house and at- 

^'*p4'd to raise the cellar trap (iotn: Mrs. Worth forbade him 

7***^ placed herself upon the door. Muckaticc roughly pushed 

*^*' aside. lie raised the trap door, and, while in the act of de- 

**^Hding, fell. A\*hile falling Mrs. Worth suddenly shut the 

J^*!* door upon him, by which one of his legs was wmght. Mrs. 

'^>rlh held the door tightly down. When at last Muckatiee was 

^'^'^^fflsed, gathering acrowd of Indians he returned and demanded 

Mie whisky. Thayer, with ropew, managed to get the barrel out 


of the cellar and ont apon the gronnd, and seeing the peril of 
giving so mneh whisky to the Indians, knocked in both heads of 
the barrel with an axe, and the earth drank the poisonoos Aaid. 
Mnckatice then shook hands with Mrs. Worth, called her very 
brave, and departed. 




The Idograptaioal histories of the early settlers of Polk oonnty 
eouidenbly antedate the ozipanixatioii of the towns to which 
tbty vonld be referred as at present belonging, and we therefore 
gnmp together those earliest identified with the history of the 
nlky, and its first settlement at St Croix Falls, -referring alto 
lome, sa^ as Joseph B. Brown, Qot. W. B. Marshall and Frank • 
Steele, to localities in which they bad been more intimately oon- 

Got. Wm. Holgokbb was one of the active resident pro- 
prietors and agent of the St. Croix Falls Lumber Company 
from 1838 to 1845. He was born at Lambertville, New Jersey, 
in 18W; left home when a boy; went to Utica, New York, where 
be learned the wheelwright trade. He married Martha Wilson, 
of rtica; moved to Columbas, Ohio, and was saccessful in busi- 
D^ss. bat lost all by ire, when he moved to Cincinnati, and from 
theoce to Galena. While in Gralena he embarked in steamboat- 
ing on the Mississippi. Mrs. Holcombe died in Galena. From 
Galena he came to St. Croix Falls, where he devoted his time as 
■gent to selling Inmber and keeping books. Mr. Holcombe took 
B deep interest in opening the valley to public notice and im- 
provement. He traveled over the wilderness country from 
Prairie du Chien to St. Croix Falls before there was a blazed path, 
driving horses and cattle. He helped locate the two first roads 
in the valley from the month of St. Croix lake, via Marine, to St. 
Croix Falls and from St. Croix Falls, via Sunrise and Bush lakes^ 
to Rosseirs farm, on Pokegama lake. He supervised the cultiva- 
tion of the first crops raised in Polk county, at Jerusalem. He 




settled in Stillwater in 1846, where he became an active worker 
in behalf of edncation, and did mnch to entabliflh the preeent ex- 
cellent system of schools. In 1^6 he was a mvmlwr of the first 
constitutional convention of Wisconsin Territory, representing 
this valley and all the country north of Crawford county. He 
was ft faithful worker on the boundary questiou, and effected a 
chauge from the St. Croii to a point fiftf<-n miles due east, from 
the most easterly point on Lake St. Croix, from thence south to ■ 
the Missi>«ii>iti river and uorth to the waters of Lake Superior, 
Hia course was approveil by his coiLstitiientH. In 1S4S he UmJc 
an active part in the formation of Minnesota Territoi-y, and was 
secretary of the first convention called for that purpose in Still- 
water. He was receiver of the United States land office at Still- 
water four years. He was a member of the Democratic wing of 
the constitutional convention for Minnesota iu 1S57, and was 
honored by lacing elected first licuteuant governor of Minnesota 
in 1857. The name of Gov. Holeombe will long be remem- 
b«red iu the valley of the St. Croix. He died in Stillwater, SepC 
&y 1870, and was buried with masonic honors. He left two )u>ns, 
"William W. and Etlward Van Bnren, by his first w-ife. He mar- 
ried a second wife in Galena, in 1847, who died in 1880. 

William S. Hungebfokd was born in Connecticut, Aug. 12, 
1805. He wa« marriMl to Luciuda Hart, at Farniinjitou, Connec- 
ticut, in 1S27. He came to St. Ijoui-s, Missouri, at an early age 
and engaged in mercantile pursuits in the firm of Hungerford & 
Livingston. In IKJS he be<-ame one of the original proprietors 
of the St. Croix Falls Lumbeiing CVimpany. and gave his time 
and talents to its welfare. He was of a hopefttl temperament, ■ 
and oven in the darkest honr of the enterprise in which he had 
embarked, cherished a most cheerful faith iu its ultimate suc- 
oesB. M 

Hon. Caleb Cushing. whose name was to be asHociated inti- 
mately with that of Mr. Huugerford iu the future history and 
litigation of thw company, recognizing St. Croix Falls as a point 
promising unrivaleil attractions to the manufacturer, iu 1&4H 
purchased an interest in the company, which was at onw reor* 
gauized with Cushing and Hnngerford as principal stockholders. 
The acute mind of Gen. C^hing recognized not only the i)ro8- 
pective advantages of the water power, but the probahility of 
the division of Wisconsin Territory, »" "^ ni^ht rwiult in mak-i 



ing- St. Croix Falls the cai>ital of the new territory, and formed 

pla.Tis for tlic development of the company enterprise, which 

misbt have resulted advaDtagcoiisly bad not bo been called away, 

to t^ part in the Mexicau War and tbeuce to go on a political 

misaion to China. During hiB absence tUfie waB a couiplett: neg- 

leo^ of his American inland project and the enterprise at St. 

Croix Buffered'greatly: the new company aceomplUbed but little 

tba^tr. MaA agreed upon in the consolidation. Cusbiug baU inex- 

p^^vie^uced agents, unfitted to attend to bis interest. He fui^uiftbed 

monoy suOIcient, if judiciously handle<l. to have made a perma- 

nc«»t, nspfnl pmiwrty hen*!. Conflicting quest il^^^s aro«(* between 

Huujjerford and Cushing's agents, which terminated intawsuita. 

Tbe first suit was in 1848, Hnngerford, plaintilt'. Ditl'erent suits 

followed, one aft*T another, for over twenty years, which cursed 

the^ X^roperty more than a mildew or blight. During this time 

tho i>artif^!M alternatitd in u*.* and posi^-ussiou, by oi-der of court. 

*"^8«'»^ord, during these trials pm-eraiitwl the land when it 

*^***»e in market. For this he was arrested on complaint of per- 

j"«'y. Hnngerfonl, by order of court, was, on hie arrest, taken 

awiiy j„ chftins. He w-as soon after released. Hnngerford was 

*<> itnlefatigjible worker. The labor of his life was inveiited in 

'"^ improvements of the company, tjiishing, being a man of 

'^^oot and indnence, could fight the battle at a distance. He em- 

''^^^yed the l)est legal talent in the laud; he met Hungerford at 

*ver-y turn, and Hnngerford became a foe worthy of his sttel. 

^'**'y nniteilly accomplished the rain of their town. Mr. Hunger- 

**'"<t liad an excellent family, making their home at the Fallhdur- 

^ **11 their perplexities. On th« occasion of lii.s :irrej*t he was 

^■*^cled in preWMice of his family, who bore it with a fortitude 

^*~t liy the name and rei>utation of the father and husband. 

litigation ended only with the death of the principal actors. 


. ^ |ierishable part of the property, mills and other buildings, 

-^'* ^one to niin. The whole history is a sad comment on tho 

^ of attempting to manage great enterpriser without har- 

^•^y of action and purpose. Mr. Hungerfoi'd died id^onti- 

^^, Illinois, in 1S74. Mrs. Hungerford died in Conn'ctticnt in 

^**^. Mr. Cushing died in 187(1. 

*^os. Hi:nky D. BiRBOJT. — Henry Dauforth Rarrou was born 
^^^ratogn county, Kew York, April 10. 1S32. He received a 
^'^•^Mnon school eilucation, studic<l law, and graduated from the 



law school at BallSton Spa, IXew York. He came to \ri8consli 
in ISiil : learned the printer's trade, and was atterward editor o 
^he Waukesha Dettiocmi. In 1S67 he remove<l to Pepin. Wi( 
cousin, aud iu 1860 received the appointment of circuit judg 
of the Eighth district. 

Tn September, 184U, he came to St. Crois FalU, fi» agent U 
Caleb Cushing and the St. Croix Manufacturing fcnd Iniprov* 
meiit Company. 

He n;0S elecie<l to the tower house of the Wisconsia l^islatn 
in \^'2. and Herved a8 assemblyman continuously from 1862 b 
1S69. and for the years 1872 and 1S73, Dnring the sessions 
ISfHj and 1873 he was speaker of the assembly. A portion 
this time he held the responsible position of regent of the Stat 
Unirersity. aud was also a special agent of the treasury depart 
meut. In lS6ft President Gmnt appointed him cliief jnstic* or 
Dakota, which honor was declined. The Siiuie year ho was ap- 
pointed lldh auditor in the treasury department, which office 
he resigned in 1S72 to take a more a<'tire part in advancing thi 
interests 4)f his State. He was chosen a presidential elpct«)r u 
1863, and again in 1872, And served as state senator dnring ttt 
sessious of 1874, 1875 and 1S7ti. and was at one time presiden 
pro ttm. of the senate. In 1S76 he was eleclwl judge of tb 
Eleventh Judicial circuit. During his service as judge he v« 
liighly gratitied that so few appeals were taken from his ded 
ions, ami that his deeisious were seldom reversed in higha 
courts. IJe had also held the offices of i>ostmaBter, county attoi 
ney. county judge, and c-<tunty sup<'rintendent of schools.. 

Although formerly a Democrat, at the outbreak of the Bel>fl 
lion he Iteoaine a Republican. Of late years he was a pro 
uoancdl stalwart. Throughout his life he never received aq 
protit, pecuniarily, from the prouiineut positions in which h 
WTis place«l. his only eudeavor seeming to be to advance thi 
interests, inlluencv. worth and ability of the younger men witS 
whoiu he was assoiuated. and hundre<]s who to-day hold posi- 
tions of prominence and resiMtnsibility, owe their suooess and ad- 
nuioem«f)t to his teiichings and a<.lrico. Of a dispoMtion kind, 
courteous and generous, he WM poaBMsed of a remarkably reten- 
tive uifnior>'. M-hich. with his intimate associations with leadi 
men, and fiimiliarity uith public life, legislative aud judic: 
aflforded a ftind o( personal skHe^fs. nnectlote^ aud biogmphi' 
at ouco entertaiuing, amuRing aud instmclive. 



'A'lao judge was twice married, his first wife having died at 
"^V^^vakeftha. leaving him an only son, Henry H. Barron, whowaa 
i"~x.^-Sa. him at the time of his death. Hisseimnd marriage wiut to 
EU^Ti K. Kelto^, at Pepin, in 18fi0. For some time she has 
m^*<il.^ her home with her mother in California^ on accoant of ill 
l>^=^fc-l t:b. At the time of his death, which occunod at St. Croix 
*^lls. Jan. 22, 1882. he was jndg*- of tlic Eleventh Jiulieial cir- 
*t-_ His remains were bnried at Waukesha. 
Q-:^RGE W. BttOWNEi-L.— Mr. Browoell. though not amoug 
^arli«st of the pioneei-s of St. Croix vulley. yet deserves 
sial mention on aneouut of his scientifie attainments, his high 
^****»~actor as a man, and the fact that he was an influential mem- 
"*^»~-> from the St. Croix distriet, of the Wisconsin territorial eon- 
**■** KXtiouul convention, he having^ been electeil o\ er Bowron ou 
****s c^piefttiou of estahliKhing the new iitat« line eant of the St, 

^Xr. Brownell was born in Onondago, Xew York, and when a 
•^■•^^^tb lived in Syracuse, where helearned the trade of a carriage 
"*^lc*?r. He was a resident of Galena, Illinois, over thirty years, 
'*'**** re he engage<l in mining and geological pursuits. He spent 
*^^^*> years in the lea«l mines of Wisconsin. He was connected 
^^^*^ii the Galena Gnzdt^ some years. In 1846 he visited the 

**I>«rior copper mining region for a Boston comjiaiiy. He foi ined 
'^*^ iicquaiutauco of Caleb Cushing, Kiifns Choat*;, Horace Raa- 
****1, and others, and located for them mineral permits at St. 

*~^>ix Falls and Kettle river, and became, this year, a resident 
r^ ^St. Croix Falls. In 1817 he was marrieil to Mrs. Dnncan. of 
^**^^ina. Ue was elected this year to the constitntional conven- 
.****». In 1851 he returned to Galena and engaged in the grain 
^"^'•^^e and cotton planting near Vickshnrg, Mississippi, in which 

!. ** 'Was not suecessfni. In 18()5 he \asited CV)lorado and made 
^■•'^^^slmentH there. When ou a trip to Colorado, Jn 1866, the 
^■^-^ge was at tacked by Indians. Bi-ownell and another piisseu- 
^*'*~ ahghte«l to n-siKt the attack. He was armed with a rifle, 
^■■^i-t if properly supportetl, wonid prolwibly have Iwen saved; bnt 
'***^*^t of the passengers remained in the stage. The driver, get- 
^^*^^ scared. wliipiK-d his horses and drove rapidly away, leaving 
'•■"•CiwDell and companion, who were overpowered and killed, 
^^••Ir bodies were recovered, shockingly mutilated. His re- 
^*Mds were forwarded to Galena for burial. Mr. Browucll had 



a scientific mind, and passed miicb of hiB lift* in HCientiGo ^w 
ies and practical experiments. He attuned a goud knowledj 
of geology, mineralogy and chemistry. The foresight of M 
Browiiell On the Wisconsin boundary, and in other public mt 
ters, has been, in time, generally recognized. He was a good 
neighbor and kind friend. 

GoL. Robert C. Mubpety.— Col. Mnrpby, a man of fine 
dri»8 and admirable social qnalities. made hiH home at St. Crui; 
Falls in lSti(MJl and 62, during which time he was in chat 
of the Cnfihing interest and pi-operty, which petition he left 
accept the colonelcy of the Eighth Wisconsin A'olnnteer Tnfanti 
His militarj' career was not foi-tuuato and its abrupt termination 
wa6 a sad di.sappoiutnient to himself and friends. An article U) 
the Milwaukee Weekli/ Tehjp-aph, from the peu of one who kuel 
Col. Murphy well, thns sums up some of the salient points iu 
character and cJireer. We make a few extracts: 

"Col. Murphy was educate*! and accomplished. He batl U 
instructed in the Patridge Military School, and was pussi'sse*! oi 
some experience ill ludiau tights on the plains with Burnsid^ 
bearing scars of that experience, and a recommend atiou of skil) 
and courage from Gen. Burnside to Gov. Itandall. His great in- 
tuitiveness, his ready manner, his cultivation of mind, gained 
for him the respect and charity of his superiors, and brought 
him the roapect and oonfidonce of his regiment. His father, a 
native of Ireland, was a successful practicing lawyer aud poU* 
tician in Ohio, without much education; a mau of strong uatai 
talent aud integrity. XT pun hin son he showered all his 4>arninf 
iu the form uf that which the father lacked tlie most — bool 
schooling and polish. Judge Mur|>hy (the father) was tlie Ijearei 
of important dispatches to Texas from the Tyler and Polk 
ministrations in counection with the annexation of that republ 
to this country, and is referre<i to in BcntoU'S 'Thirty Yeai 
as Tyler's 'midnight messenger.' Young Murphy was 
pointed by President Pierce American ronsul in China, whi 
Gen. Caleb Cusbing was minister to that country, and he dii 
charged important consular and judicial dntie« there with credfl 
to himself and his government. Cpon his return Gen. Cosbiug 
selected him to take charge of the Oushing interest and propertj 
at St. Croix Falls, in this State. From there be went *to tb4 
fVout/ and bis military career was cut short by his failure aj 




lialcffB and Holly Sprinprs- Gen. Grant dwmisswl him in hriof, 
t-t^r^^t^L* ftords, but was willing afterward thut he shonld he heard 
by ^^ board of army o£Bccrs detailed for that purpose. Stanton 
rW'^tj^ iuexorable and refused." 

> ^er hiH dismissal frum the army he removed to Wii.shiiiKtun 
*"^*^ atxwptwl a clerkship in the post office departiULMit where 
^^ ^till remains. It is due to him to say that his own version of 
b-i^ xnilitary troubles is ingenious and plausible, aud would» if 
®*^**<^-suued, quit« exonerate him from the charges that have 
^J^ ■~<^^^**ed so heavily upon him. 

^B^ -^^T)WABD WoHTU. — Mr. Worlli came to St. Croix Falls from 
^^P^^ "^"v- York StiLte in 1812, where he continued to reside the 
^^*^*«:fc ainder of his life, cxperieneingthe vicissitudes of pioni-er life 
' *** fkieir fullest ext**nt. He died in 1863, leaving a widoM-, an 
**^**l^?'9on (Henry) and two daughters, Myra, wife of W, T. Vin- 
»% and Sarah, wife of John Ulandiug, 
^^X^. Uary C. Wokth. — Mrs. Worth was born Oct. 1-i, 1812, 
uHirried to Edward Worth, Dec. 24, 1835. and came to St. 
X Falls in 1842, where she lived till Jan. 12, 1S86, when she 
fully passed away. She was a woman of rare mental abil- 
• untiring industry and skill in managing her household 
^^*^^^^^*-irs, and nnquestioued courage, as many incidents in her St. 
^^t^**'*^ix experience will evidence. She was a member of the 
^^^l*5ficopal church aud went to her grave with the respect and 
^■^^ **:»iration of all who knew her. 

^difHinB MoRDEf'AiSAMUETiii, better known asCapt, Sumuels. 

^•-^ born in London, of Jewish parentage. It is not known exactly 

_ ** ^^T\ he came to this country. I first met him in 1844, at Prai- 

^*^^= ^u tThieu, at which time he was a traveling peddler. In I84fi 

*V:iund him in the Chippewa country, liWug with an Indian 

_^*»Tian and trading with the Indiana at the mouth of Suurise 

*^"^^«r. Iiil847he established a bjiU alley and tniding post at St, 

'^^xFalls, where he lived until ISBI, when he raised a company 

-***«St. Croix Rifles) for the United States service, received a 

^■*ximi88ion and served till the close of the wai'. After the war 

"^^ l>ecame a citizen of Jfew Orleans, and in 1880 changed his rcai- 

^xiee to Winfield, Kansas. While in St. Croixhereai-ed a family 

"^ ^lalf-br(^ed children. He was a shrewd man and an inveter- 

**^*s dealer iu Indian whisky. Capt. Samuels was sent an a gov- 

**^njent agent to the Chippewas of 8fc. Croix valley and the 



soutlieru short- ol' Lake Snporior. in lSt>2. to ascertain ami rfl 
jKirt. tht'ir Kt^iiliiueitt iu regai^ to tUi- Sioux war. It may be sai 
of dipt. Samiu'ls that, however uupriuoipled be may hav 
boen, he w:is iiu (U.sRembler, but. imt^puken iu his seiitimeuti 
however repellant they may have be«!U to the moml seusu of 111 
conunuuity. He dieii at Winfield, Kansas, in 18S4. 

JoBEt*H B. Chukchili. was boi-n in New York in 1820: w? 
married Iu New York to Eliza Turobull, and came to St. Croi 
Falls ill 1854. He hn-s filled various offices creditably, and b« 
the respect and coiilidenei* of his aeijuaintAnce^. U-is oUlof 
daughter is the wife of Phineas G. Liicy, of Hudison. His secoa 
daufchter is the wife of .foseph Rogers. He ha*» one .son Hv-lu) 

John MrljKAX. — Mr. ^IcLean wan born ISIO. iu Xv 
VB» mnrriinl iu 1844 to Sarah Turnlmll and M>ltled un hi 
near St, Croix Falls in IS.'iO. Through untiring indujitry a 
hoDoi-able dealing he has secured a sufficiency for hie, a ban 
some farm aud good bnildings. A large family has grown 
around bim, aud have settled in the county. 

Oilman Jewell came fi-om New Hampshire: was m'lrned 
New Hampshire and came to the West in 1847. He settled 
a farm near St. Croix Falls. He diwl in 1SG9. Mw. Jewell di 
Junuan,-, 1888. One son. Philip, i*esides on the hom 
Ezm, another son, resides at the Pa'lls. The other members 
the family have moved elsewhei-e. 

Elisua CBEEcn was bora iu West Virgiuia. 183L He c 
to St. Croix Falls iu 184fl. aud was married to Mary M. Seeds* 
18t;3. They have four children. Mr. Civech h:i.s be<tn eug 
much of his life iu lumlH^ring. Through industry and t4'ni{H*r 
ba)>it^ he him made a goo<l farm aud a pU>;isant liome. 

James W. McGlothi.ln was born in Keutueky; came t« 
Croix Falls in 1846, and engaged successfully in sawing lumb^ 
at the St. Ci-oix mill in 1 S46 aud 1847, but in 1848 rented the iul| 
being sustained by Waples & Co.. of Dubnr|ue, Iowa, but 
reason of bad management, he failed and left the valley in 1 
He allcrward went to California, wliei-e he met a tragic 
having W-en murdered by bis teamster. 

Andkew L. Tuttle. — Mr. Tattle came to St, Croix Falls 
1H4A, nut) was engaged mouy years as a lunilH>rman and ils keepjj 
of a boanliug house. He settled ou his farm at Big Rock in 189 
wherv ho made himself aoomfortable home. He went to Monti 



>, and died tlierf in IKT.'t. Mi's. Tultlftntill resides id the 
l<<^x:K_S)\st«Jul. an ainiiible woman, wtio Ikik ucU'd well her piirt in 
ii'V-t. Ono of her daughters is married Ui Wni. M. Blauding. 
Oxm^c^sou, Eli, died in 1S><3, tinuthcrson, Henry. <Iit-d in Moutaua. 
^F*^ -mr" 3y. John and M'arreu are settled near the homt^tead. 
^H «V «)H?f AVktuoutu wus boru at Clintoa, Maine, iu 1815, and 
^^fc».'«=M.-»e loBl. Cr»ix Falls in 1846. where he followed Uimbcrinj^aud 
I SKXs^^LTle hitut;eir a heiuitiftit Ikiiiih on the high hill nverhtokiiig the 
t^s^~ ■«:» \ilhiges of St. (.'i*oix Falls and Taylor's Falls. By (Viigality 
a. "T* «:^_ industry Mr. "Weymouth lias accumulated a eoiupetence. 
was married iu St. Croix Fulls in 1850. to Mary Mcllugh. 
'. son, John, is* married to Miss Ramsey, of Oseeola. and a 
-ghl*r, Marj- J., is married t^ Samuel Harvey, of St. Croix 

W. liKVNOLrw, a tall, thin, stoop -shouldered man of 

JDtric manners, was receiver at the St. Craix huul nffii-e from 

1 to 1804. He was a native of South Carolina, and a gradu- 

of- Middlcbury College, Vermont. He had studied for the 

scustry, aud. if we mistake not, bail devoted some years of his 

l^ f^^ to past-oral work, but devoted later years to secular pursuits. 

tbe close of the war he returned to South Cai-olina as a re<?ou-, but iu two or three yeai-s eame North, and located 

la Crosse, WiscousiUf where he edit-ed the La Crosse Star. 

' died at La Cross*' Aug. 17, 1877. 

-ArousTUs Gavlord. — Mr. Gaylord was a merchant in St. 

^^*"oii Falls priorto the Rebellion. In 1861 Gov. Harvey appointed 

■** ■m adjutant general of the State. In this office he acquitted 

"* >xwelf well. He was an efficient public officer and iu private 

■^''** a high minded, honorable gentleman. 

J^AMGs D. Reymeht. — Mr. Reymeit was Iwni in Xorway iu 

®^i. aud came to America and settled iu Racine in lH4r>. fff 

^**^ a pracrtiiral printer, and editor of the first Norwegian pa5>er 

**i«t of the, lakes, if not the first in America, and was a man of 

^^^gnixed literaiy ability. He was a member of the second 

^Hconsin constitutional convention. 1847. from Racine. In 1849 

^ "*as a member of the Wisconsin as.scmbly. He came to St. 

^'"Oix Falls in 1859. and served two years as agt^nt of the St. 

"^ix Falls Company. He was the orgaui/.er of a company in 

^^w York City, known as "The Great European- American 

**o»l Company," in which Count Taub, of Norway, took an 



active part. This noted company claimed to have parch 
the Cushing property, a claim true only 8o far as the prelimi 
ary steps of a purchase were concerned. For a time there w 
couaiderable activity. The town of St. Croix Falls was rcsur 
veyed, new streets were opened, and magnificent improve 
meuts planned, but failing to consummate the purchase. th< 
company failed, leaving a beggarly account of unpaid debts. 

William J. Vincent.— Mr. Vincent is of Irish descent. H 
was born June 10. 1S3(). and came West when a yonth. In 184< 
at the age of sixteen, he enlisted in Company U, Monote 
Ritlcs, and served through the Mexican War. In 1843 he canu 
to St. Croix Falls, whci-e he followed lumbering and clerking 
He Wits married to )Iym Worth iu I8ii5. In lb6l ho eulisted i\ 
Company F, First Wiscomuu Volunteer Infantry, of which com 
pany he ivas app«iin(ed second lieutenant. He re^igufHl in 1862 
He has held the <»ffice of connty commissioner eleven ye:irs, tha 
of connty clerk seven years, that of state timber agent fou 
years. In IS79 he serve*! as representative in the Wisconsin aa 
sembly. In 1S80 he commenced selling goods with his soQ-ia 
law, under the firm name of Vincent & Stevenson. He ereote 
the first brick store bnilding in St, Croix Falls in 18S4. 

Tkom i-son Brothebs.— Thomas Thompson was bom in Lovt 
Canada. Nov. 11, 1$33. and was married to Eliza Clendenoiug 
in 1861. James Thompson was born in Lower Canada, Xov. 1] 
1S40, and was married to Mary A. Gray in 1871. The brotbec 
ciime to the Falls in 18.56 and engaged in lumbering about te| 
years, and then in men'handising, jointly, but in iStiJt furmei 
separate firms. Thomas built the first brick dwelling house il 
St. Croix in 18S2. Mrs. Thomaji Thompson died in \SS^. Jame 
erect«d a largv flour mill in liS7!t. 

WltxijLM Aheby was bom in London, England, in 1831. Hi 
leMtned the carpenter's trade in Ijondon and came to America i| 
185L locating at first in f^tillwater, but the ensuing year remov 
ing to St. Croix Falls. He pre-empted the aontheast quarter 
tlie soulliwesi quarter of section .11. township 31, range IS, 
adjoining lands iu lS5:t, and this has been his contiuoona ho: 
sinoe. He has served as connty Ireosarer four years and hel< 
many ton-n offlcrct. He was married to Sarah Hadcett iu 
The town of .\mery is mtmed in honor of this respected 
Mr. Amery dinl SopU 4, 1SjS7, Ivuving a widow, tvo sons 
three daughters. 



^ X^^nrm Bakloht.— AnioDg the first immigrants to St. Croix 
FiAlls was Lewis Barlow, aa eccentric, sensitire mau. He was a 
mill -wri^hl. and, liwug of an unhappy dispusitioii, led a troubli'd 
li*<&- He was the first man married !it the Falls. In 1H47 he 
ttto-^r^d to the Minnesota side, where heowne.*! considerable laud. 
ffo 1 ived here until 1.S52 when his family left him. lie sold his 
iat>«»T-C6l6 and followed and reunited them at llock Island, Illi- 
D<^i9. Here ho suffered much and became blind. He traveled 
«^t.l» a panoranifi and so earned a scanty livelihood. In later 
^f« Ije revisited his old home at the Falls, but broken and de- 
j^<=t«<l in spiritw Ue died at Rock Island in 1872. 

l-<Evi W. Stkatton. — Mr. Btrattun was one of the piissengers 
*^ t-ho l*almyra in 18;t8. He worked for the St Croix Company 
'''•'o years. After leaving the Falls, he changed his residence 
•'^^wral timns, and finally settled at Excelsior, Hennepin county, 
^^ouesota. where he died in 1884. Mr. Strat ton wrote for the 
Miumapolis papers many interesting reminiscences of pioneer 
lifti on the St. Croix. 

Ei-xu. M. Blanding. — Mr. Blanding was born iu Harford, 
^^ii^quehanua county, Xew York, Feb. 14, ISOO. He was mar- 
■^ * ' -U to KUza Tuttle iu 1826. He settled on a farm near St. Croix 
^^^Is in 1866, where he died, Sept. 16, 1871. Father Blaudiug, 
*** ht* was affectionately called in the later years of his life, was 
* »uan of exemplary habits, of strong religious convictions, 
***<! a consistent member of the Presbyterian church. He left 
^ '^*idow, five sons and three danght«re. Mrs. Eliza Blanding 
'Ht?*i ja„, IS, is*<7. Wm. M. Blanding, the oldest sou, owns a 
. *** farm near the Falls, formerly known as "Jerusalem." Ho 
^ ^ Burvcyor. Inmberraan and farmer, and a prominent citizen. 
^^ *ra8 married to Eliza Tuttle. A family of thirteen childi-en 
"5*e grown up arouud him. In 1887 he was appoiuted receiver 
V^ the St. Croix land offit*. John, the He<H)nd sou. is also a 
^'*nier in St. Croix Falls. Ho was married to Sarah, daughter 
^^ Kdward and Mary C. Worth. Eugene E. is engaged in the 
^tUg bosiuess at Taylors Falls, and is also surveyor and express 
*Keot. Ue married Joanua King, of Taylors Falls, in 1871. 
'^*^ the fourth son, was married iu 1885 to Emma Sly. He was 
appointed United States laud receiver at St. Croix Falls in 1887. 
Hft died in California, .Tan. 30, 1888. Frank, the youngest son, 
**8 married to Aunie McConrt, and lives on the homestead. 



Josepfaine. the oldest dauKhter, is the wife of Wm. Longfella 
and resides in Macbias, Maine. FlariUa, the vido\r of Char 
B. Whiting, lives at St. Panl, Minnesota, Her hnsbnnd di 
in 1868. Mrs. Whiting was executrix of the will of Dr. E. 
Whiting, and gncccssf^llj- controlled a property valaod at ab<] 
$80,000. Marj-, wife of Wm. McCourt, died iu 18S0. 

niLLIAU M, HI^MtlMll. 

Fredcbick E. Babtlett was a native of New England, 
caiue to St. Croix Falls in 1S49. as attorney and land agent 
Caleb Goahiug. He was caiididat-e for judge of the ilistrict cob 
in 1S60, but was defeat«d. He Hubsequently settled iu Bti 
water, and later in Hudson, wh«re he died in 1857, leavinf 
wife and one Kon. who be<?ame a civil engineer and died in 
Panl in 1885, and one daughter, Helen, who achieved some 
tation as.a writer for periodicals. 


HlcfiAEi^ Field was born Jane 8, 1806. He came from A 

.VpTT England family^ his father aud mother having re&idediii', 

CrtonixiticuU In early life be remov^jd to New York aod KrildM 

^trhilu nt Itochester. He engaged principally in trans ptfrta^on 

^tuin»«. Tlie earlst^t work he ever did was on the Erie ^anatr 

Rci wsta married in 1833 to Miss Reynolds, who died iu lB74. His 

children are C^pt. Silas Wright Fiehl (mortally wounded at 

fibiloh), Nort-oii, a I'eeideiit of Bacine, Wispocsin, Mrs. Fanny 

-Viwo^), wife of Hon. Joel F. Nason, Phebe and Maiy, uuinarried 

aod r«aidt>nt iu Brooklyn. Mr. Field was married to his second 

■■ife, Mrs. Harriet Lee Bracken, in 1832. He was appointed 

Jegister of the land office at St. Croix Falls by Presidenb Lincoln 

'n iStil, and served twenty-six years. Thongh over eigUlyyesrs 

of age he retains bis faculties and general healthy and his mind 

■* a «tOFe hon&e of the early history of the country. 

AIJ>BN. ■ 

T*lie fcovn of Alden embraces township 32, ntnge 17, and* 
t^?o-fity-four aections of range IH. It has both prairie and tim- 
l>er land^ and is abundantly supplied with water* Apx^e i:ivep 
traverses it from northeiwt to soutbweat. There are many 
toflnitary small streams, and a large number of sm^l l^es, of 
'vrl&ich Cedar lake is the largest. This lies only partially in 
AJden. The snr&oe is gently nndnlating. 

The town of Alden was organized in 1857. The first board of 
snperrisors were Stephen Williams, William Folsom and H. 
Sttwyer. The first post office was established at Wagon Landing 
in 1862, V. M. Babcock, postmaster. The first settlers were 
"Wia. Folsom, V. M. Babcock, V. B. Battel, I. L. Bridgman, 
divIesVassan, Jr., and Humphrey Sawyer, in 1856. Mr. Bridg- 
man raised the first crops in 1857. The first marriage was C. 
VaiBau to Alma Kittel, in 1858, by Rev. A. Bnrton Peabody. 
Tlie first whjte child bom in Alden was P. B. Peabody, July 
2^ 1856. The first death was that of a child, Nicholas W. Gor- 
don, Jane 10, 1857. Alden has two post towns, Little Falls and 

Bet. a. Bubton Peabody was born May 22, 1823, in Ando- 
^er, Windsor oonnty, Vermont. He was the youngest of four 
^'^iiior children, and was left fatherless at eight years of age, and 
^otiierleas at fifteen. He obtained a good English education 


lu the common schools, and at Chester and Black Ktver acade- 
mics. The winter terms he spent in teaching. In 1S44 he came 
bo JaneaviUe, Wisconstii, where he spent two years, partly on a 
farm and partly in a law office, as a student and clerk. In 1&47 
he went to Iowa county, and taught school through the vinter 
at Minei-al Point. The next year he went to Clarence, Green 
ooiuity, Wisconsin, where he spent fonr years in teaching. In 
1852 he entered the Nashotah Theological Seminary, wlier« he 
completed the course, and was ordalued deacon in the Protestant 
Episcopal church, June 3, 1S55, by the Eev. Bishop Kemper, 
and took temporary charge of Gnice church, Sheboygan. Ue 
was married to Charity Esther Kittel, Sept. 23, 1855, at Clarenoe, 
by the Rev. Wni. Buger. lu November of the same yoar he 
removed to Mississij>pi, spomling tlip winter at Jackson, In 
February he went to Middleton, Mississippi, to take ehai^ of 
amission work, including several appointmentji. He came, the 
June following, to Polk county, Wisconsin, and spent the sum- 
mer at Wagon Landing, on Apple river, where his wife*s friends 
bad made a scttlemeut>, but in the wiuter returned to his mission 
work in the South, and there remained uutil 1867. Owing to the 
troubled political condition of the South, he did not deem it ad- 
visable to remove his family thither, and so returned to Wagon 
Landing and obtained mission work, vtsiting at intervals Fos- 
ter's Mills, now Kow Bichmoud, Huutiugtou, Cedar Valley, and 
St. Croix Falls. The intervening country was, much of it, an 
uubrokeu wilderness, and he was obliged to make bis journeys 
not iufreiineutty uii foot, tn cross the swollen streams and dare 
all the perih^of the winter storm. In 18.^ Mr. Peabody accepted 
a call to the rect-orship of St. Paul's churcli, Plymouth, Sheboy- 
gan county, but in 1S<»2 returned to the valley of the St. Croix, 
and st'tiled on a farm, undertaking meanwhile ministerial work 
at Prescott and other points, in a lioe extending as &r north as 
St, Cniix Fails, Three years later Prescott and River Falls were 
inade independent, auother man taking charge. lnlS7'.>Mr. Pea- 
body undertook additional work ou the North Wisconsin railroad, 
including a large number of places, lo be visited monthly. Id 
1SS2 his railroad work was limited to Clayton. Cumberland and 
Qttywt&. Ho still haa charge, as rector, of Star Prairie aud 
Wagon Landing. Few men have led more laborious livett or 
beeu more nseful in their calling. He has witnessed the erection 



of eight ohufohes on the field in which he labored, though con- 
oeraed directly in the boiUUng of only four. Mr. Peabody's 
n&mUy consists of seven sons and seven daughters. One of ^e 
latter died in infancy. 

V. M. BXBCXKK settled nt Wagon Landing, town of Alden, in 
1856. He vras born iu Rensselaer county, New York; married 
hifi firat wife in New York and his setwiud wif« at Somerset, St. 
Croix county, Wisconsin. They have four children. Hp has 
held town offices ever fiince the organization of tlie town. He 
has b«en sherifiT, and was county superintendent of schools for 
«even years. 


The town of Apple Biver includes township S4, range l(i, and 
derives its name from its principal river. The town is well 
^watered by Apple river and its tributaries, and it also has numer- 
<tns lakes, the most considerable of which is White Ash lake. The 
marftuie of the town is gently undulating, and was orignally cov- 
ered with pine, interspersed with hardwood groves. There is 
.^oofl wheat soil, and natural meadowH are found in Home parts. 
*rhe town was organized Jan. 22, 1876, having be<^n set off from 
^Balsam Lake. There are two poet offices, Apple River on the 
^vest, and Bhlloh on the east town line. 


The town of Balsam Lake embraces township 34, range 17, and 
^'^akes its name from a lake within its bounds. It has an tinda- 
""^^ating surface, covei-ed with heavy oak, pine, and maple timber 
^incipalty. Balsam creek, the outlet of Balsam lake, flows 
■through it in a southerly direction, affording fiuH wat-tir powers. 
About one-sixth of the snrface is covered with lakes. The larg- 
est of these. Balsam lake, in the Indian language An-in-on-dnc- 
a-gon, or evergreen phice, gives name to the town. Deer, Xx)Dg, 
Wild Goose, and Mud lakes are fine bodies of water with bold, 
timbered shores, and abundance vf fish. The town is near the 
geographical centre of the county. The first white man, prior to 
the organization of the town, to locate within its present bonnds 
VBB a disreputable trader named Miller, who in 1848 built a 
shanty on Balsam lake, from which he dispt^used whisky to the 
lodians. This man was not long aff«rward driven out of the 
country. (See history of St. Croix Falls.) The town was organ- 



ized iu 1869. The first board of snporvisors consisted of Geo. 
P. Aiidei*sou, Wright HoskJus, aud Joseph Loveless. The clerk 
was H. J. Fall; the trcasurer, F. R. Loveless. Tin; firet school 
was taught by Jane Husband. Aai-oii M. Ohitse built a shiugle 
mill at the outlet of Balaam hike in I80O, and he seems to have 
been the first actual settler or the first man to make improve- 
ments. As he had neither oxen nor horses, the timbers for the 
mill were hauled by man power with the aid of yokes and ropes. 
Other persons came to the mill and lived there awhile, but the 
first permanent seltlei-s came in in 185B. They were J. Shep 
herd, Joseph Loveless, Joseph Havett, and John M. Rogers. 
Mr. Rogei-M niised the first crops in the town; Joseph Ravett was 
the first postm;ister. The first marriage was that of J. K. .\dams 
to Miss L, A. Millerman, by W. II. Skinner. The first irhi 
child born was a daughter to R. S. Uaskins. The first death, that 
of a child, occurred iu 1870. A first class tlourtug mill has been 
erected at the outlet of Balsam lake. It is owned by Herman 
Corning; a saw mill Is also iu opomtion at this point. A Metho- 
dist church, 30x10 fuet ground plau, was erected at Balsam I^ak 
by the Methodist society in 1886. 


The town of Beaver includes township 34, range 15. It 
set ofl" from Apple River and organized Nov. l."^, 1S85. The 
name waw suggested as being appropriate from the work of the 
beaver in post ages. Beaver dams are numerous on all the 
creeks. These ancient works will mostly disappear with the 
progress of agriculture. The town is drained by streams flow- 
ing into Apple river. Horseshoe lake, in the northeast corner, 
is three miles in length. 


tns 1 


The town of Black Brook includes township 32, range Ifi. 
Apple river, with its tributaries, supplies it witla abundant water 
privileges. Bhu'k Brook, the principal tributary, gives the 
town its name, and drains the southern portion. There are many 
small lakes. The surface is undulating and moet of the soil 
good. The post ofiiee of Black Brook ih in section 32. The 
Xorth WLsconsin railroad pitsses through sections 2.%, 35 and 3C. 
This town was originally a part of Alden, but was organized and 




wt off (K A new town Aug. 5, 1867. J. C. Nelson and G. H. 
Goodrich were the fii-st supervisors. The first 8ettlerH( 1863) were 
John Gorsuch. John Keed and Jacob Pohver; the first post- 
master was Gates; the fii-st school teacher, Tina Stark- 
weather; the first marriage that of S. D. Starkweather and Mary 
I>anfurth; tht^ first death that of Mrs. Ben Oilman. 

cum FALLS. 

Clara Falls comprises township 37. range 16, and derives its 

nfttne from the falls on Clam river. The surface H rolling and 

''ioibered with hardwood and pine. It is well watered by South 

*^^a.ia creek and its tributaries. Somers* lake, in section 27, is 

tt^tiG only lake. An upheaval of trap rock on Clam creek has 
<^=ttcLsed the waterfall from which the town has taken its name. 
't is a fine *vater power. A dam for cotlet-Hiig tolls on saw logs 
**^^e* iMjen placet! ju-st alwve the P»11h. fUmd Kpe<:imt*ns of copper 
**'"^^ are found in the trap. The town was set off from Ijuck and 
' '"^S'siniz*^ Nov. 15, 187(i. The first town meeting wa.s held 
■I>*il, 1877. The first supervisors were Daniel F. Smith, John 
s^vqnist and John BjQruson. D. F. Smith was the first settler, 
I It the first saw milt, and raised the first crops. 
T^AMEL F. Smith, a peculiar and eccentric man, was born in 
Lutanqua connty, Xew York, in 1813: emigrated to Michigan 
** 1834, where he married Kliza Green the following year, and 
^'^OX'ed to Racine county, Wisconsin. In 1842 he engaged in 


*i:»beriug on the Wisconsiu river, his home being at Stevens 

*^Oiut. He was of the firms of Smith & Bloomer and Smith & 

"^^^lowft. 3Ir. Bloomer wax accidentally killed, on wliich account 

***^ basinesH of these firms was cloKed, Mr. Smith removing to 

^^leoa to facilitate the settlement of their affairs. In 1S52 he 

^****aoved to St. Louis; in 1853 to Memphis, Tennessee, where he 

***^^aged in the wholesale grocery businew, losing hesivily, in tact 

^* ^ tUe accumulations of his life. In the spring of 1855 he leased 

^**^ St. Croix Falls saw milt, and operated it for two years, when 

.'"'^Kible arose and litigation ensued, iu which Smith obtained a 

■^***lgoieiit against Ciushiug for $1,00(1. In 1860 he removed to 

-'^iuton, lowa^ and thence in the same year to California. He 

*'*^veled much, visiting mines. He spent some time in mining, 

*Ud also manufactured shingles. In 1SC2 he returned to St. Croix 

^^Ib and engaged in Inmberiug for three years. In 1808 he built 



a s>a,yr niiU at Butternut Lake, Wisconain. He did much t-o openJ 
that country to settlement. He was the founder of a town which ' 
hecalled "Luck." In 1872 he waa the first settler at Clam Falls, 
where he built a saw mill with but oue man to assist^ and around 
that mill has sprung up a HourishiuK settlement, Dan ^mitb, ■ 
with nudauuted iwrscverauce, has battled his way throuj;h life, 
aud has come out victorious ovtsr difficulties aud opposition that 
would have disconraged and turned back other men. Mr. Smith 
is a plain, direct, outspoken man; a man of energy and ability. 
lie has ably and satisfactorily filled many places of trust. For 
many years he has beeu a commissiouer of Folk connty. 


Clayton includes township 33, range 15. The town was set ofT 
from Black Brook. The surface of a great part of the town is le%-el 
and was originally mai-shy, but these marshes have been gradu- 
ally drained, and fine farms and hay meadows have taken their 
place. The town was organized Nov. 10, 1875- The first super- 
visors were Morris De'Golicr, Worthy Prentice and H. D. West. 
The first homestead entries were made in 1865 by Peter Bouchea 
and John McKay, a Fi'onchman, both Indian traders, who estab* _ 
llshed a post at Mai-sh lake, but in six months abandoned ife^ 
and never returned. Thenextsettlers were Vandyke, Morehouse 
and Tanner, near the west line of the town, about 1870. The fii«t 
improvemeuts were made by Elam Greely in 1862, who dug a 
caual into ^Tarsh lake to get wat-er to float logs out of Btuver 
brook, Ihcifby draining great tracts of swamp land. The laying 
of the Xorth Wisconsin railroad track gave a fresh impetus to 
bnsinesA, and conduced greatly to the building of the village of 
Clayton in section 24. The first sermon in the town of Claj-ton 
was preached by Rev. W. W. Ames, a Baptist; the first school^ 
was taught by S. Sr. DeHkilier; the first store was opened by A. 
M. Wilcox. 1874. D. A. Hnmbird was the first postmaster. The 
North Wisconsin railway passes through the sontheafit part andj 
the Minneapolis, Soo & Atlantic passes from the west side to the 
northeast corner of the town, and has a station, Gregory, in the p:trt. M 

Reuiif^s F. Little was born June 13, 1339, in Topaham,^ 
Devonshire connty, England. At ten years of age he began to 
oare for himself, working for sixpence per week, carrying pot- 



tery In a nionldin^ honse. Before leaving England his wageH 
had Incmuied to tbreeshitlingHper week. In the spring of IK53 
b»1iMl saved thr<H> poands sterling, and his grandfather gave 
bin two potind» sterling. This five pounds paid his passage to 
Qnebeo and Montreal, where bo got fonr dollars per month. 
Boon n(t«r he Apprenticed himself for five years to learn the 
bttkor'B and confectioner's trade at London, Upper Canada. Sub- 
sequently h« took a homestead from the British government at 
Trading [^ake. Upper Canada. 

In the spring of 1861, at Detroit, Michigan, he enlisted in the 
railed Btotes lu&ntry, rv^lar army, and was promoted sae- 


caidrdy to first sergeant, to sergeant m%)or, to second Ueat«u- 
wt, to first lifuteuaut. He resigned in Seplemberj 1865. During 
tlwwhe ftcrvi^l wmtinnoualy in Gen. George H. Thoiiias' divi- 
aluD,aiul t(K)k part in all the engagements under him, from Milee 
SpriDgg, Kentucky, to N'ashville, Teunt'ssee. On the twenty- 
•KonilofSepU'mhpr, 1863, ilr. Little had the honor of being the 
last miiD to leave the Bossvillo Gap m front of Chattanooga 
AlUr the distwtrous fight of Oiickaniauj^a. Ho was wounded lu 
iLv ^Ue of Hoover's Gap aud Smyrna, and at the siege of 

Mr. Little was married, in 1S65, and divorced in 1869, aud re- 
marrivd in St. Paul in 1S78. He lost his Canada homestead, and 



took another bomesteHd in Lincoln, Folk county, Wisconsin, iik 
1866. Afterward he went to St. Paal and became one of the 
Arm of Little & Berrisford in the wholesale confectionery 
business. In 1879 he returned to Clayton, formerly part of 
Lincoln, and reclaimed a swamp of over six hundred acres, 
making it a productive meadow and tillage fiimi. Mr. Little 
has served several years as Claj'ton's town supervisor. 



Clear Lake embraces township 32, range 15. It derives it^ name 
from a beautiful clear lake on the western boundary near Clear 
Lake village. The west part of the town is timbered principally 
with hardwood, and is good farming land. The eastern part is 
more diversified, and there are some largo groves of pine. Willow 
river runs through the town. The North ■\Viseonsin railroad trav- 
erses the town diagoiiuHy from uoilheast to southwest. The town 
fras organized June 20, 1877; S. D. Mann, J. C. Gates, and W. B. 
Ingalls, supervisors. The first settlers were John Hale, L. P. 
Nash, S. D. Starkweather, and Perry Clark. Lawrence O'Connor 
was first postmaster; Mr. Starkweather carried the mail on foot. 
Isra^ Graves, io 187.\ built tiie first saw mill in CU»r Lake vil*^ 
lago and the first house. There is now nt the rillagea stave milli^ 
owned by Symme & Co. Jewett Bros, own a saw mill on Willow 
river, three miles from the village, which has a capacity of ^ 
8,000,000 fiM^t. The lumber is delivered to the railway at thefl 
rillaee by a wooden tram^rny. The lots for the WUage were pur- ~ 
chased from the government by A. Boody and A. Coventry, in 
1856. The plst was made byBymme, Glover & Co. The survey was 
made by G. W. Cooley. Thomas T. McGee was the first settler 
(1875), iind Stephen H. Whil4?omb the st-eoud. The first school 
house was built iu 1876. and the first school was taught by Olara 
Davis iu the same year. The village has now a good graded 
school with lhre«» di'iKirtments, Charles Irle, principal. Ita two 
ciiurch buildings. Congregational and Methodist, were destroje^fl 
by the cyclone of ISSt, but are being rebuilt^ The Swedish 
Lutherans havaa church a mile from the village. Chas. Di*cker 
v«s the first poatauMter; A. Symuie & C^ were the first mer- 
chants; P. Oatci, U.D.. the first practicing physician; F. M.^ 
Nye the Ant lawyer. The first marriage was that of John G.| 
Gatcfi and Ella SoovlU. The first birth Vas Chas. W. Whitcomb. 
and (he fir«t death that of a child of Uans Johuson. 




The town of PiDcville, a railroiul station nnd rillnge in sec- 
tion 9, is a lumbering centre. The Piuevillo Lumbering Com- 
pADy have hei-e u saw uiill with a capacity of 7,000,000 feet. 
Tlie logs are brought ou wooduH railways three to teu uiileH. P. 
fi- I-acy & Co.. of HucIhou, ar*i thi- proprietors. 

^KAXK M. Nye was born in Shirley, Piseataqnis county, 
ne, in 1S52. Uis parents removed to NVisconsin in 1854. He 
«ducated at the common schools and at River Falls Academy. 
"* 'O«mo to Clear Lake in 1879, and was elected district attor- 
^**^y for Polk county in 1880, and representative in the Wiscon- 
** *^ ^uisembly in 1885. He removed to Minneapolis iu 1887. 



iireka embraces township 35, range 18 and a fractioual part of 
""^•^ee 19. The west pait is somewhat broken by the St. Trois 
pltifJs; the I'emaiuder is undulating and capable of agricultural 
* *** I* rovemeut . There are many good farms iu this town. There 

• ****: a few small lakes in the eastern jiart. Eureka was set oil' from 
^*^ CroixFalls, ftudiirgauizedDec. 16. 1877. The first supervisors 
^*^**e Lurinii A. Harper^ Jens Willing hui] William Booth. The 
■'•"^t settlers were L. A. Harper, .lohn C. Beede, Henry Cole and 
^J^**«2rs. There are three post offices in the town,— Harper, 
^^^^*«ting and North Valley. At the month of Wolf creek, in the 
|^*^*treine northwestern section of this town. J. R. Brown had a 
f^^liug house in the 'SOs, and Ivouis Roberts iu the '-tOs. At 
/***» place Alex. Livingston, another trader, was killed by In- 
*'*-iis in 1849. Livingston had built him a comfortable home, 
tiich he made a stopping place for the weary traveler, whom 
^ fed on wild rice, maple sugar, venison, bear nu*:il, muskrats, 
^lO fowl and floui* bread, all deui-nily prepared by his Indian 
^^'-'V?. Mr. Livingston was killed by an Indian in 1849. 

^Xi 18M Carma P. Garlick surveyed a quarter section here 
^**<i laid it off into town lots, and had lithograpli mai>8 pnblishud, 
^*ling the prospective village Sebatanna, an Indian town sig- 
*^''ying "Water Village." 

^HABLEs Neters settled here about 1860, and has now a 
*^fe farm and good buildings. 




Farmington was organizes] as a town in 1S5S. It contains 
forty-two sections of laud, in township 32, ranges 18 and 19, with 
acme fractious of sections on the St. Groii. It is a rich agri- 
onltnral town, well diversified wttU prairie and timber land. 
Its western portion, along the St. Croix, ha» the picturesque 
blaffs common tu that river, with some unusually beautiful ca&- 
cades and hillside springs, of which the most notable are th( 
well known mineral spring and the springs at the lime kiln. 
The mineral spring is situated on the St. Croix river, at the 
base of the bluff, and about one mile and a half below Osceola 
Mills. A beautiful hotel was built in 1876 on the cliff above, 
at a cost of about 930,000, which became quite a popular plac< 
of resoit until 1885, when it was burned. It has not been re- 
built. The property was improved by Carraut & Stevens, bot 
afterward sold. 

The following analysis shows the chemical coustituenta of a 

galluu of the water of the spring: 


CfaIorid« of mdinm..... ...,.«.».•.- -••• -053 

Snlphateor soda ™ .524 

Bi-caibannte of «oda „ .7M 

BicarboDBte of lime ..»». 11.193 

Biairlwiiat« of mngnena .......■- 7.348 

Iron RDd alamina ^ ....» 403 

Silico « M....«.uM. .388 

Or^piuiic matter * tuun 

Total 20,566 

South Farmington Comers has a prosperous cheese factory, 
owued and operated by Koch Brothers, erected in 1883, turuin^ 
out in 1SS4 sixteen tons of cheese and in 1885 over twenty tooR,] 
Soatta I'^rmingt-on has a Catholic church building. 

The first crops in Farmington were raised by Wm. Kent on a 
farm near Osceola in 1816, and the same year Harmon Crandall 
and Richard Arnold improved land and raised crops not &r 
from the present village of Farmington. Here^ owing to the 
sandy nature of the soil, well digging proved rather perilous to 
the two farmers. Mr. Arnold att<jmpted to dig a well in a 
deprefision, a sinkhole, in the prairie. Aa he dug deeper 
the sides of the well caved in, almost bodying him. He managed 



by tkia own atmost (exertions and those of his friend Crandall to 
.escrt-pe, but left his boots deeply imbedded in prairie soil. 
I Xxx 1887 the Soo Bailroad Company bridged the St. Croix, at 
the cedar bend at the sonth point of the leaning cedars, and 
ex:t<5nded their grade along the base of the precipice overlooking 
the jr-iver above, and commanding au extensive view of bold, 
piot.uresque and beaulifut scenery. 


Harmon Crantall.— The Crandall family were the first to 
s«stt:,l« in Ose*oIa Prairie, in the town of Farmingtoii. Mr. Cnin- 
^s*-!! moved to his farm in 1846, and lived there many years; sold 
onti and remnved to Hndson, where, in laterlife, he became blind. 
^^^ liad three sons horn in Farmiuglon. In 188^ he moved to 
SHeU Lake, Washbnrn connty, where he died, Aug. 8, 1880. 

^■^«J:^i, Crandall died May 11, ISHS. 
SjutUEL Waix. — Mr Wall was born in 1824, in Shropshire, 
^*»e"land: went as a British soldier to the West Indies in 1840; two 
■>'«i^.ra later came to New York City; one ygar later to 8t. fjonis; 
^'^ X»44 to St. Paul and in 1S46 to the St. Croix valley, where he 
**^a«le a permanent home at the lime kiln, which he bought of 
^^"ilUam Wiilim. He was married to Anna Maria Moore in 
*^S7, They had been educated as Episcopalians, but are now 
*^^-t.l»olic8 and hare i-ducated their childi-eii in that faith in the 
*<siiool8 at St. Paul. Mr. Wall served five years in the British 
^*^K»y for thirt«en pence a day, bnt West India rum was cheap, 
^**>l3- t«n i>ence per gallon, and this, Mr. Wall pathetically re- 
***^i-ked, "was an unfortunate element for the limekiln man." 
■^-t-er twenty six years of straggle BIr. Wall came out victorious 
^**<1 now sti-ongly advises all young men to **touch not, t;iat« not, 
^^tidle not," anything that cau iutoxicate. The writer trusts 
**^ may stand firm. 

XN'iLUAM Ramsey was boru iu Ireland in 1814. and came to 
■^»*ierica with his parents in his yonth, first settling in Nova 
^^oiia. In 1834 became t-o Washington county, Maine. In 1839 
^ was married to Sarah Stevens, at Crawford, Maine. In 1849 
^<5 vent to California. In 1850 he returned, and loeatcfl on his 
^r-ax in Fanuiugtou, Polk couuty, where he still resides, au eflB- 
^^Dt citizen, who has borne his full part in the organization of 
'***n and connty, and filled vai-ious offices. 



HiBAM W. Xason. — Mr. Nason was born in WatervUIe, Elaine, 
ia 1792. When of ageho settled in Cniwforcl, Maine. lu 1853 ho 
wofi marrii^d. He came to Polk county, and settled in Fariniog- 
Um in 1.S53. Mr. Kasou died iu 18.">y. Mi-s. >'asou died some 
years luter. They were members of the Baptist cUnreh. Their 
cbihinm nre Joel F., Levi, Merrill, CriK^ker, Albert, JiimeSr 
Maria, wife of Thos. Ford, of Farmingtoti, and Fraucea, wife of 
Moses Peaselee, of Farmington. Mr. Ford dieil in 1880. He wb» 
a well to do farmer. Mr. I'eoselee, also a farmer, has served sa 
sheriff of Polk con nty. 

Joel F. Nason. — Mr. Nason was born Ang. 31, 1828, in 
Wflshingtou connty, Maine. He was married to Bertha Haas- 
comb, of Cniwford, A[aluc, in Jnly, ISol. Their chlldnfu arc] 
Everett, Fred, Lonisii, wife of Albert Tliompson. and Bertha. 
Mrs. Nasun <Uih1 in 1.S62. Mr. XiLSon was married to Mary Ann 
Go<lfrey, of Osceola, in 1S67. Mrs. NaHon died February, 1885. 
He was married to Mis8 Fanny Field, of St. Croix Falls, in 1.S87. 
Mr. Nason settled in Farmington in 1S52. He eDgQg:ed iu lamber- 
ing many years, and v--ps called by bis fellow citizens to fill several 
impoitant offices. He served eight yejirs as county clerk. He 
was appointi*d receiver of the United Slutes laud otAw at St. 
Croix Falls in 1S71, which office he resigned in 1884, when hft 
wa^ elected state senator. 

John McAdams was born in TennesKee in 1808. Ho wan em- 
ployed for many yfiare on the Looisville (Ky.) canal. He was 
marritnl to Eliaa liobinson iu 1840. Mrs. McAdams died in 1844, 
leaving one son, Melville, born 1842, who came with his father 
to the St. Croix valley iu 1849. He first locatt-d at Osceola, but 
iu 1854 removed to Farmington, where he died iu 1883. Mr. 
McAdams was a mineralogist of some ability. 

Chahlbb Tea wsis lM>rn in Peniwylvania in 1S17; came Into 
the St. Croix valley in lS4i); wjis married in 18S0 to Mary Mc- 
Adams, sister of John-McAdaras, and in the same year settled 
on a farm in Farmington. In 1880 he removed to Southern 


Garfield includes thirty .sections of range 17, and six section., 
of range 18, township tiS, It is well wateri.d and has many amaZ _ 
lakes, while Sucker lake, a lake of considemble size, ia abovzt 
equally di\'ided between its own territory and that of Lincolz^ 



.r-fieid wns orgnnizcd in 188G. The first supervisors wore Abra- 
l»-a.m. Sylvester, James T. Montgomery and Martin Hanson. lu 
1**-ST the Sljuneapolis, 800 & Atlantic railway built throujfh the 

ry^K-x3 from wt^t to Bouthcast and established oue station, Der- 
'*«it», in the sontheaat corner of the town. The post office of 
'1 ^alem is in Garfield. 



Ci«orgetown comprises tow nsliip 35, ranges 15 and 16. This town 

** ^t:>andautly supplied with water by Apple river and ita tribu- 

t^ri^s, and numerous lakcM, some of them of eon-siderable size. 

Xlio largGBtare Bone, Blake, Powderaud Pipe. The timher is 

^*^r<3woo<l and pine intermingled. ImmeiLse (luantitien of pine 

"^v« been taken from this town, and atilt much remains. Wihl 

'■*«a4low8 are plentiful. Geoi^etown was set off from Milltowu 

**»5j organize*! Nov. 15, IS'D. The first supervisors were David 

^-> Smith, Elisha E. Drake and August Larbell. George P. 

■^"Uclenson was the first settler (1873), and his christian name was 

**fi^xed to the town. The firet school was taught in 1874 by John 

^tirns. A post office was established in 1881 at Buuyau, G. P. 

, "^IfierBOu, postniLifiter. The fii'st sermon was preached by Rev. 

'^- I>. Scott, a Mt!l hudiwt. The first birth was that of Lucy Ander- 

***«! ; the first marriage that of Henry King to Etta Clark. The 

^^-s*. death was that of Angnst Larbell. 


C>liver Grover and Harry Knight, two prominent lumbermen 

' Stillwater, ou July 2, 1864, were exploring for timber and hay 

** l*ipe lake, Hection 10, in Georgetown. Xot returning to their 

r^***p. two miles distant, the watchman at the camp, alter wait- 

**S two days, went to St. Croix Falls and gave the alarm. Many 

^***^ie8 went in pursuit of the lost men. Some Iracea of their 

^^'^wence were discovered on the shore of this lake, but the search 

^^*« GuaJly abandoned. After iwine months the Indians con- 

_ that two of their young men shot the two men, disem- 

**^^led them, bnrned the entrails and sunk the bodies in the 

■J^^e. Their boilies were never found. We append the follow- 

**^K newspaper clipping: 

'•Finale. — The friends of the two ludians that Bhot Qrover 
^mi Knight., last Tuesday delivered to P. B. Lacy, of St. Croix 



Falls, the valoables that were taken from tJie ImdieB of the mar- 
dered men. They consiste*! of $113 in gold, $282.05 in green- 
backs, $160 in silver, one silver watch, one M-allet and one 
potikct knife. This is probably the closing act of the bloody 
tragedy which cost two innocent men their livee at the hands of 
Indians steeped in liqaor. and who. fearing the vengeance of thOj 
white man. uouimltted saicide/' 

The two murdertrs had coufpssinl the crime and shot themselV^eR. 

G£OKO£p. AXBEBSON. — Mr, Anderson w«s born in Fnlvann 
coanty, Virginia, 1825; was educated in the common schools; 
lived in Ohio eighteen and in Indiana fifteen years, and came toj 
Balsam I-ake in 1860. Few men have been more active in th« 
opening up of a new settlement. Mr. Anderfion has been sevei 
tiuM^ elected to ofBoc in the new eonuty, and was a principal' 
actor in the establishment of the Polk County Agricultural 
ciety in 1886. He has a family of fifteen children liviug. 


Lakctown includes township 36, range 18. It is named from th* 
lakes that dot almost cveiyftcHion iu thctown. Trade lake, with 
its tributary from Butternut lake, are the principal streams. The 
town was set off from St«rling and organized April 6, 1875.1 
The first supervisors were L. Bell, S. P. Heard and N. Fornell. 
The town was settled largely by Swedes, Norwegians, Danes and 
Alabamiaus. The latter settled in the northwestern part of the 
(own. In 1860 Caleb Gushing l>ought tht* jigricuUnral iMdIegej 
lands in the town to the amount of 7,2(M> acres. The first sclioolf 
faonse was bnilt in 1870, in section 8. P. Tiemey taught the firsts 
school, liindsey McKee was the first settler. He was also the 
first to sell out ami leave. Daniel !Sw4*nsbarger, a German, bought 
him out, and a nnmber of his countrymen settled near hiro.l 
Jacob Swensbarger started a store. X. Grondund built the first 
blacksmith shop. Peter Olsen built the first saw mill, attbefookj 
of Long lake^ in 1875. The first marriage waa that of h. RIcKee 
and Mary Addingtouj by L. Bell, Esq. 


Lincoln includes township 33, rauge 16, and the eaatern tii 
of sections of township 33, range 17. It is abundantly wat 
by Apple river and itfi tribntariee, and has numerons lakes o1 



which Sucker take w the largpftt. The soil is well adapted to 
the caltiirv uf wheat. There are many fine, farms in IhUtuwD- 
ahip. The surface, origioally covered with timber, ia undu- 
lating. The town was organized in 18C0, being set oiTfrom 08- 
OBola. Thefirsttown meeting was held April, 1S61. A. A. Heald^ 
)L C Lane and .John JIuj*uesB were the first supervisors. The 
post towu is at Lincoln Centi'e. The Polk county poor larm ia 
plcatcinlly situated on a lake iu Lincoln, and has been well 
sninagv^l for a writ* of years by Capt. M'ilkie. 

AXKBT Tillage ia locat«d un Apple river, at the croasiug of 
"■'Soo Line '' railway. It has two saw mills and a stave fac- 
The Minneapolis, Soo & Atlantic railway passes through 
Uflcoln from southwest to cast, and has a station at Apple Kiver 
OQiRlflg, luuned Aiuery, iu honor of William Amery, one of 
Polk eoanty'ft bi^t citizens. 

Wn. Wilson was born in 1828, at Armagh county, Ireland. 
At four years of age he came to America with his parent*;, who lo- 
caled at Canada West, where he b^irniHl the baker's tnule. In 
I&WIm came to Osceola and followed lumbering eight years, lie 
WMOuuTlcd at Osceola U> Linili Moody and located on his home- 
itetdlu Lincoln io 1870. He hiui thnu! sous. Mr. Wilson has 
tMOs useful citizen and has done hia full share of pioneer work. 


Loraine includes townships .% and 37, range 15. It is a heavily 
tiatbered district, with hardwiKxl and pine interspersed. The 
nt&Ce is undulating and the soil is much of it good. It is well 
hy 8oRth Cla»\ creek and tributaries, and has a mnlti- 
\of RmA\\ lakes. There are some tine farms in the northern 
of the township. Loraine was organized Nor. 14, 1872. The 
town niet-ting was held April, 1873. The first supervisors 
p.Fmnk J. Williams, George Phelps and John Klinch. Wm. 
OilJwpie built the tin* hotel and oi>ened it in 1873. The first 
Kbooi wiM taught by Georgia Lacy. The erst mHrriage wns that 
of Jamce La^o and Almeda Johnson. The first white child was 
fi«u^ Phillips; the arst death that of n child of J. L. Ellis. 
The first settler was C. Loraine Ruggles. He was somewhat 
•Wnlrie. Ut- published a book embodying his own adventures 
•taring the ReWllion, which he called "The Oreat American 
P7.'' The town was uanied after him. X. B. Bull and Cbas. 
were the next settlors. 


\Vm. Wallicb GiiLLESPiE WAS bom in LoniBville. Kentacky; 
tiTe<l in bis yontb in Illinois and came to 3larino MiWs in 1S14. 
lu 1S.M be murric4 Cecilia iL Rtujf, widow of Charles Turner, 
of Taylor's Falls. In 1878 be moved to bis bomcstead in Lor- 
ninc, wbero he has a good fiu'iu aud hoUiL He hafi two fions and 
one daughter. 


Lnck iticlndcs township 30, ranges 10 and 17. It is a good 
ngricuUoral region and contains already many valuable farms. 
Tbu eastern half of the town was originally a rich pine wood 
region. IVlncb of the timber iH yet Htandiug. The town is w**!! 
watei-ed by Upper Trade and Straight rivers and has many bean- 
tiful laki^, the principal of which are Bntteruut and North. 
Liipk w:ts organized a.s a town Xov. 9, 1869. The first snpcrvia- 
ors were Wm. H. Foster, IL C. Pederson and J. J. Bille. The 
flnit settlers were Wm. W. GallMpfe, W. H. Foster and D. F. 
Smith (1857). The first marriage wan that of W. H. Foster, 
and hi* oldest child was the fti-st white child born in Ltick. 
W'm. Gallespie raised the first crops. D. F. Smith built the first 
saw mill. VT. H. Foster was first postmast^jr. At present there 
are two jio^t ofliccH, one at the village of Lnck. the other at 
West Denmark. Laura Junes taught the first school in Luck. 
The town has In^n Hettle<I chielly by Panes, mostly direct from 
Di'iiniark. A Danish high soliool was established in 1S81. K. 
Xoregaad, principal, at which difit:reut languages are tangbt. 
The building cost $3,0(X1. It is beautifully locatetl on Buttervut 
lake. The Lutherans hare three fiourisliiug oharch organiza- 
tions in this town. 

WiLUAU U. Foster was born in Bangor, Maine, Id 1828;^, 
oome to St. Croix valley in 1844: settled in Luck in 1857 an^ 
engaged in farming and lumbering. He served in the anx%^ 
during the Uebellioa. and was postuxaster at Luck for eighte<^ 
yearH. His father, Daniel Foster, came with him !^j the St,. Cix>ij^ 
valley in (844 and died in IMTtt. His native plaw was Xemr 


SliLltown includes township 35, range 17. It is a goofl n^i. 
caltural and stock growing town. It is watered by the sinalj 
streams dowing into Balsam, Half Moon aad other lakes. The 



timber is mostly hsrdvood. There is pine in the eastern part. 
The FatitexBon post offioe to located in section 7, Milltown in 
•ecjUoii 88. HlUtown vas set off from St. Croix Falls Dec. 20, 
1809. The first tt^rn meeting was held Jan. 8, 1870. The first 
saperrisois were John Lynch, M. Fitzgerald, Sr., and John 
Harl^. ^le Roman Oatholic ohnrch was oiganized here in 
1M4. Their new honse of worship was built in 1870. The first 
■ettlers were James and John Bt^rs. The first school (1865) 
wtts taught by l^gie Crawford. The first school honse was 
boilt in 1866. A grange was organized in 1884. The town has 
now ft good brick school house and a saw and fionr mill. 

Patrick Liixi3 was born in Ireland in 1807. He came to 

Pirik ooonty in 18S6, and, with his amiable wife and enterprising 

Bona, made a claim on what was aiterward styled Milltown, an 

inapim^riafce name, but given by Hr. Lillis himself, as he 

kmnoroosly remarked, '^because there was not a stream large 

•Boagh for a mill site in the town," and Milltown it renuuns to 

ttis day. Mr. Idllis prospered and made himself a good home. 

Hs died Feb. 26, 1886. Mrs. Lillis died December, 1886. They 

kft ^ sons. John C. is in Greene county, Texas, Simon C. is 

ti Southern Galifomia, and Biotiard is in Memphis, Tennessee. 

Henrjr, the yonngest, aged twenty-nine yeai-s, has for the past 

six years been a resident of Tacoma, Washington Territory. 

Tilt residence of Martin and James is not known. 


Osceola contains all of township 33, range IS, except the eastern 
tier of sections, and ten whole sections and some fractions of range 
19, made somewhat irregular by the St. Croix river boundary, 
Vtd the obtrusion of three sections of Farmington in the south- 
weatem part. It is a rich agricultural town, consisting chiefly 
^ prairie, the whole forming a tableland, terminating westward 
^tt the precipitous bluffs of the St. Croix It has a good steam- 
t*ort landing and two good water powers, Osceola and Close's 
Cruets. These are both fine trout brooks. The bluffs overlook- 
ing the St. Croix are bold and high, and, for a great part, pre- 
tipitoQfl. Most conspicuous of these blufis is the promontory 
known as Eagle Point, sitnated just below the Osceola land- 
ii%. An escarpment of limestone, about two hundred feet above 
the river, projects over its base, not much unlike the celebrated 




table rock at Niagara Falls. A. t^ll and solitary pine tree stands 
upon Llie exln'iue vurge of this rock, the ubule forming a c 
8piru«it3 landmark, visible to n dititance of (several miles dc 
the river. The cascade on Osceola crepk, aTew rods above 
mouth, has scarcely a rival amongst the waterfalls of the W 
It has sometimes been called the Uinnehaha of 'Wiscon 
bnt while it resembles somewhat in the lower part of its d 
that celebrated cascade, the scenery arouud it is much wild 
perpcudlcular rocks towering over it to a great height, w 
the upper part of the fall is over au inclined plaiu, broken in 
fiteps. It is a iavorit« liaunt for artists and jihotographeri 
There are several minor waterfalls of great lieanty inthericinitfl 
The trap rock formation crops oat in the eastern and norlherie 
parts of the town, rich iu sp<:;<^'imeus of cop|>er and silver. Silvei 
is also found iu ledges at "East Lake, ■ 

The first land claim in the town, made May 14, 1844, by MS 
ton V. Xobles and Lncius X. S. Parker, included the cascade an^ 
the present 8it« of the village. The claim was made with 
intention of building a saw mill at the outlet of Osceola 
The mill compiiuy, orgnuizi'd in l&t4, consisted of M. V. 
W. H. Noble*. Wm. Kent, Wm. O. Mahony and Harvey Wal 
Mr. Nobles sold his interest and removed to Willow Bivi 
Wm. Parker removed to St. Anthony. The mill couuneu 
cutting timl>er iu lS4d. It was run at first with a small Hoi 
Tbe^l. which was replaced by a au overshot « heel. 3U fi 
that by anotheT, 45 feet, and that by one 50 feet in diameter 
1545 tht' company built a two story hoarding house, also a aho| 
And office, near the mill. After the completion of the m 
Walker withdrew from the firm and Aoson Nortfarnp was foi 
short time n member. Kent & Mahony for a number of yi 
operated the mill, seUiug lamber in Galena and St. Lo 
Mahony left for CWlifornia in 1S52. Around this mill, t 
nucleus, the settlement of Osceola and the village were built 
The milt, with its immeoae water wheel, for so many yeanf 
coDSpicnoos object on the river, has long since disappeared. 

OnctMilii has h:id many enterprising bn-sine«;» men engaged 
mereh.'uidiHing and manufiictnring. The first llonriug mill 
bailt by Kent Brothers in 1$53, jost above the cascade. ' 
mill changed owneis several times, and was borned in 1880. 
vas rebuilt by Lov^oy & Smton iu 1SS3. Its present ca^mc 



t» «>Tic Imudred barrels per day. The second flouring uiil] wok 

^1*0 I It by l>rcsser & Wil&ou iu 1867. It is situated on Ihe siinie 

^PBd*'^»am, a few rods al>ove the first. Ithan alHO changed owners 

^■Av*«?rAl times. TIa taipaeity is fifty barrels per day. The first 

B^^Br-4>tiantj« were WyekolT and iStevetison, iu ISoC. These have 

^**'<2^X3 sycceeded by Kice, Webb, Clark Brothers, Armstrong & 

*^^- ■» Talboys & Staples, Dresser & WiLsan, Lacy & Johnson, \V. 

•A" Talboys, Gridk-y & Co., Hcald & Thing, Dresser Brothers, 

****! others. Dr. Gray was the fii-st practicing physician. After 

"iwa, at different jwriods, came Drw. Hilton, Brooks, OaskiH, 

^Sa-i-Iick. Marshall, Searles, Ci)rnb:u^ker and Clark. The first 

***^^*1 recorde*! o( Osceolii property w;w a qnitclaira from Wm. H. 

^«>V>les to Anson Xorthrnp, consideration ♦3,i.'5tl. in 1817. The 

^*'^r. lawyer settled here was J. P. Treelaud. Uis saoce&sors 

■ "Wore Button. Dowliiig, Dyke, McDill, and others. The first 

" ***«'mou prt-ached in 0.-*ceola vus by Rev. Lemuel Nobles, a Metho- 

*^st minister, in IS-ll. There are two church orgauiitations; 

**<^Ii has respectable church buildings. The first Baptist preacher 

L "^aa Bev. S. T. C Ulin, iu 1854. The Baptiste built the first church 

H *** the county in Os<;eoIa, 185fi. The first log house in the town 

~ ****» Imilt by Richard Arnold in the locality of the famoits Drake 

^**oiiiaiere springs. This house was built in 1&+8. Mr. Aruuld 

•"^is^jd the first crops in the town of Osceola. The first school 

»>onse was built in lfi52. A high school building was erected in 

*®t>8. W. A. Talboys taught the first public schoul iu 1852. 

•^Qtil ISGl the schools were under the town system. In 1875 

* tree high schoul was esta-blished. The fir-st post office was 

**^*blisbed in 1854, and W. C. Guild was postmaster for twenty 

y^ais. The first towu election was held April 5, 1863, when the 

™Uowing supervisurs were elected: Wm. Ramsey, chairman; 

^<?lsou McCarty and \V. C. Guild. At this meeting the town 

^*ot*tl a tax of thirty dollars for school and fifty dollars for town 

^Penses. The first Sunday-school was organized by \V. A. 

Talboys in 1S53. 

The first marriage, that of Joh n Buckley to Elizabeth Godfrey, 
""^ la 1853, The firat whit* child born whs John Fj-ancis, in 
^7. The first death was that of Leroy Hubble, by accident, in 


The name of the town was originally Loroy, in honor of Mr. 
Hubble above meutioned. It is to be regretted that this name 



wa» not retained, inasmuch fus Osceola, though the name of one 
of the most celebrated IndianH in AmericAn hiHtory, is shared 
l)y a jwat town in the eastern part, of tlie State. It was therefore 
uecessarj- to call this post town Osceola Milla, a distiucliou that 
correspondents and postma;»tert} are not ulwnys careful to note. 
Osceola villafio reniained nnorfrauized until Aug. 10, 1S87. The 
fii-st officei-s wei-e: President, H. B. Dyke; trustcee, W. C 
Reilly, R. S. Suttou, G. W. De Loug, H. E. Corabaeker. Paul 
Fibien, 8. C. Benjamin; derk, 8. RowelilF; treaiuirer, C. W. 
Staples; HuptMvisor, G. D. McDill; justice of the peace, George 
■Wilson; police justice, T. Post. The village has a splendid situ- 
ation upon the bluffs overlooking the river, and commuuicatw 
with points on the river by boat, aud with overland points bf 
the Minneapolis, Soo & Atlantic railway, completed to this place 
Aug. 21, 1887. There is also a branch road from Dreaser'ji 
etatiou to St. Croix Falls. The village was visited by destmc- 
live fires at varions (im**s. MoHt pi-oniinent of these w:w the 
burning of the Frceland Hotel in 1857, the Westeru Hotel iu 
1878, and the ilrst flouring mill in 18S<>. 


Daniel Meabs. — Mr. Meal's was boruiuLyun, Massachusetts, 
in ISlft. His first wife, Emelinc Meudou, died in 1850, leaving 
three sons, ('liarlcs, David, and Daniel. In 1852 he was married 
to Sn.san Thompson. They have one daughter, Lnlu, now Mre. 
Wheeler, of Stillwator. Mr. Mears came AVest in 1848, and sold 
goods one year at Taylor's Place (since Taylor's Falls). In 1849 
ho removed his store to St. Croix Falls, where he ooutinued mer — 
chandisiug aud lumbering until lf%3, wheu he went to A\'il1o 
Kiver as agent iti building the first saw mill iu what isuow Hud 
son. Iu 1S^>0 he made himHt>lf a permanent home on a farm neor:^'' 
Osceola. He .served as tU^te senator from the Twenty-eighth dis — 
trictin 1858-5n, and as state timber agent in 1874-75. As a 
ofliw^r Mr. Mears acquitted himself well. In politics he is 
Democrat, and while in the senate took an active part in debates^ 
The oldest son, Charles, is editor and proprietor of the 
County Prc99. The three sons are married. 

Nelson McCaetv. — Mr. McCarty was born July 4, 1819, ii*=* 
Pike county, Peunsylvania; iu 1834 was marrie<l to Mary Mcr~^ 
Kane, aud came to St. Croix valley in 1S46, where he engaged is? 




ptlotiDg aad lumberiug. lu 1847 he made Mm a farm on Osceola 
prairie. He died in 1856. Hih brother Philip came to Osceola 
iu 1S5(), and settli'd on Csceohi prairie. 

William O. M.viionv, a native of Ireland, horn about 1810, 
cune to America while he wns yet a minor, and to St. Croix 
Falls in 1543. He had learned the trade of a baker, but in 1844 
became one of the proprietors of the saw mill at Osceola, and 
Bold his interest iu 1860. Ho was a man of original and eccen- 
tric mind. He went to Calirornla in 1862, and died there in 

Richard Arnold is of Illinois birth. He came to Osceola in 

IMS, and moved to his farm near the village in 1848. In 1852 

he removed to Taylor's Falls and built the Cascade House. In 

J855 he was the firet farmer in the town of Ama<lor, Chisago 

County. In 1S59 he left the valley for Pike's Peak, Colorado. 

Wm. Kent, Sr., was born iu Scotland sometime in 1790. 

ile was married in Scotland, and, with his wife and two eldest 

Otiildreu, came to America iu 1823. Ho seems to have lived 

^^rhile in New Brunswick, probably till 1829 or 30, when he re- 

*»iOved to Eddingtoii, Elaine, whenw he removed to the West 

%iid made his home at Osceola in 1852, where he and his wife 

<lied at au advanced age, honored by all who knew them. His 

'^luily of six sons and five daughters all grew to mature age, and, 

*aaceept Andrew, who loaited in Farmington, hiwl homes in Os- 

<a«ola. The daughters are Anna, wife of Curtis Guild; Agnen 

C<ie<J****'J)t wife of I. W. Preeland; Jane, wife of .Terry Mudget; 

3^£ary (decease*!), wife of Chapiu KimbalL; aud Kva, wife of 

^3enry C. Goodwin. 

Robert Kent, oldest son of Wm. Kent, Sr.. was born in 
^Scotland in 181!); came to Galena. Illinois, in 1840, and to Osceola 
i-xi 1&4S, where he has Gllcd many responsible public positious. 
^Elis first wife, to whom he was married iu Galena iu 1841, died 
in 1847, leaving four children. In lS."i9 Mr. Kent vfa» married 
to SuHau Babb, i»f Oi*ceola. 

A>*URKW Kent was born iu Scotland iu 1821. He was mar- 
ci*^ in New Brunswick in 1838, but his wife died soon after. 
Se eame to Osceola in 1852 and was married to Bsther Hill, of 
OHoeola, in 1855. Mr. Kent followed lumbering for many years 
bat fiually settled on a beautiful farm iu Farmington, where he 
Btill resides, au industrious, thrifty farmer. 



Wjlliam Kent, Jh., was born in New Brnnnwick in 1824; 
came to Galena in 1S43 nud to St. Croix Falls in 1844. He was 
one of the original owuei-s ami builders of the first mill at Os- 
ceola. From time to time he piirchased the interests of other 
partners until he became sole ownr^r of mill and towu site. Id 
1S53 he sold the mill to B. H. Campbell, of Galena. Mr. Kent 
engaged in steamboating for many years and vnn a popular com* 
mander. He built the Nellie Kent, the Helen Mar and Maggie 
Beany. Of late jcai-s ho has been engaged in mercantile por- 
snits. He was married to Xellie Kidder in 1355. They hare 
no children. Mr. Kent is u.u influential member of the masooio 
order, and has filled many positions of public trust. 

Jaubb Kent was born in Frederickton, New Brunswick, ia 
1S2(>: came to Wisconsin in ISM, and was married tu Mary Jane 
Wilson at Osceola in 1858. In 1S74 he removed to Ashland, 
Wisconsin, where he died Id 1878, leaving a wife and five chi\- 

TnosiAS Kent was bom in Richmond, New Brunswick, Id 
1828. He cjime to Osceola in 1849 and was married in 1856 to 
Achsah Hale. He was a practical lumbcrmau aud a very active 
man. He was accidentally killed in 1847, while breaking a jam 
of logs in Clam river. He left a wife and one child. 

John Kent was bom in Eddington, Maine, in 1831. He came 
to Wisconsin with his parents in 1852. He was married to JeD- 
nie Kidder iu 186*1. He was a house carpenter. Lived in Du- 
luth some years but returned and settled iu Osceola. 

Samuel Cix)SK in 1845 made a land claim for a mill at the falls 
of Close creek. Shortly aft*r he alxindoned the claim and left 
the countrj-, leaving his name to the creek and slough. 

Ebenezbs AvRKd came from Maine to the St. Croix valley ia 
1860, aud settled on a farm in Osecola. where he mode bis home 
during the remainder of his active life. During his lost years 
he became very feeble and partially insane, and his friends placed 
him in the asylum at Madison, where he died, Aug. 20, 1876. 
His wife, familiarly known iu later years as "Mother Ayres," 
and greatly mteemed for her excellenoe of character, died two 
years later. They reared a family of four sons and seven 
daughters. The sons Charles, Setb and .Vodrew ore farmers on 
Osecola prairie. Warren, a fotirth son. died in Iowa. The 
daughters were married — Eliuibeth to Ambrose Sevey, Ruth to 




It^r Carrier, Mary (deoeosed) to Frank S. Kddy, Sarah to 
K. ~tt St. Clair, and to a second hosband, H. H. Newberry, all ol' 
T*ik,3^!or*« Falls; Abigail to \Vm. E. Doe. and to a second hus- 
^*^ *» < the distinguished phrenologist, O. S. Fowler, of Xuw Yorkj 

■^1 *»:ieua to Clough. of t>s(-nola prairie, and, afttr hia dewasi), 

*^** ~VVftllace, of Osotjola; and Emma to Cliarles P. Fenlason, of 
* *I^*<6tonp. Minnesota. 

^^JiKMi I*. Gaklick was boru in Erie county, Pennsyvania, 
*** i jS18; was married in lS12to KUzal)cthThomi>son, of Ohio, and 
'^^'^^^i^p to Amudor, Chisago county. MiiinesutA, in 18"4, where he 
****-> 1( a ^w mill. Xotsucceeding as he had expected, ho betook 
^*'*J^solf to farming and to the practice of medicine while in 
"^^"xador. In 1S5S he removed to Osceola, where he practiced 
***-^*<iicine nntil he entered the United States serviw an surgeon 
*^**«^ing the war of the Kebollton. lie died at Milwaukee, Jan. 
y^m 1864, while in the United States service. He was educated 
■*> <^olnmbus (Ohio) M^^ical College. He left a wife, one son 
f-^-'Owis), and one daughter, wife of Henry Jones, of Osa-ola. 

J<JH5 S. Godfrey waa boru in Sai;kville, Halifax county, 
2^o-va Scotia, Dec 18, I809j was married to Sarah Wright, in 
***^Otinich. Xovu Scotia, in 1832; cnmo to Easton, Wisconsin, in 
^*t*49, to Taylor's Falls in 1851, and to their beautiful homestead 
*** Osceola in 1862, where he still lives, respected and honored 
^S" all his neighbors as an honest, worthy and industrious man. 
r^^ has sometimes engaged in luml>ering, but his chief 
***■ been oa a farmer. Mr. and Mrs. Godfrey are members of 
Baptist church. They have four sons and five daughters. 
^ his .sons, George died in 1872. Of his daughters, Mary Ann^ 
^^f© of Joel F. Xason, died in 1885. John, the youngest son, 
**» married to Mamie Maxwell, and died January. 1888. '"^" 


*»ghtera are married — Elizabeth to John Buckley, Charlotte to 
fe. Dresser, Eunice to Geoi^e Clark, and Sarah to Joseph A, 

***'Own. The two olde«t sons are married — James to M. Fenla- 
*^«>, Artlmr to Mary J. Daniel. 

^ViuUAM A. Talbots watf born in Bristol, England; was mar- 

*^^4 to Mary Kowcliff, in Loudou, in 1845; came to America in 

*^*S, and to 0?iceola in 1851, where for some years he clerked 

•** Kent Brothers. He taught the first school in Osceola and 

•**i^ed four years as county treasurer. He has held many 

Vwitions of trust. For many years he has been engaged in 



lambering and merchandising. Iq 1874 he built an elevator fci^t 
handling wheat. Mr. Tallwys and his wife are members of tkrst^ 
Methodist church. They have three children living. The olde^^t. 
W. E., is editor of the Gmntaburg Seatinef, Burnett oountr y- 
Frederic C. is in St. Paul. Adelaide E. was married to Be-^*3' 
Knapp, captain of the steamboat Cleon. Her bosbaud died ^° 
1887. ^ ^ 

ChablesH. Staples.— Mr. Staples was bom in Portsmou^^ .' 
New Hampshire, in 1824. In 1848 he came tfl Banker Hill. II ^^l^ 
noin, and in the »ame year wa.s married to Hannah Garland. f^^"^^^$ 
was engaged seven years in the milling business, and in ^^^"^[^^ 
came to Osceola, where he engaged in Inmberiug, selling gooC^^^^ 
and medicines. He has filled several county offices. Of thei^ ^^. 
four children, Charles W. was married to May Foster, of Oscf^^'j^ 
ola^ in 187S, Eva is married to H. B. Dyke, and Frank to Ell*- 
Fiske. ^^ 

J. W. Peake was born Dec. 2, 1822, in Schoharie coonty*""^^* 
Kew York. At the age of twenty-one he settled near La Salle, ^ \ 
Illinois, and kept a hotel. He came to Osceola in ISM, anirf-' ^^ 
settled on a farm. On July 15. 1862. he enlisted in the Tenth*^_^ 
Wisconsin Battery, and served till the close of the war. He ^^" '^ -^ 
served several years as town sapervtsor and assessor. He died-^-*^^ 
at his home, March 13, 1886. 

<'iEOR(iE Wilson was born in Susquehanna county, Pennsyl- 
rania, in 1836. His privileges for education were good. He 
taught school in Pennsylvania: came to Osceola in 1857: folio wed^-^^ _^ ^ 
clerking aud teaching school: was nine years in llouriug mill and^^ ^^^ 
merchandising: was two years register of deeds, aud has fllledt^^" 
minor offices. He was married to Kmma R. Fiske in 185^^ al 
Osceola. They have two sous aud two daughters, one the wif^ 
of Capt. George Knapp. 

Saxukl B. Dke8»er. — Mr. Dr€«8er wan Imrn in Buxton 
Mnine^ in 1832. During bis youth he lived with his parent* 
chiefly at Bangor, where he received the rudiments of a g< 
education in the common school^ and in Kent Seminary a.^^ 
Beadfleld, He came to Taylor's Falls in IS51, and followed Inoi 
bering and merchandising until 1862, when he settled on hi^^ 
fiirm homei^ead on Osceola prairie. Mr. Drewer was a meml 
of the Twenty-third Wisconsin assembly. He was married 
Charlotte 3t. Godfrey, June 23, 18&». They have one tlaugbtei 





Hden A., and aix sons, Elma T., William A., Lester B.. Wy- 
man H., Mark S., and Frank E. 

FsxDEBic A. Dbebber, brother of Samuel B., vias born at Hos- 
eov, Vaiiie, Nov. 2, 1841, came to Taylor's Falls, Minnesota, in 
1868, and remained some yean, when he removed to Osceola. He 
served three years dnrinfc the Civil War in the Thirtieth Wiscon- 
ala Infimtry, and left the service vith the rank of qnartermaster. 
After the war he was married to Maiy £. Thorns, of Biddeford, 
,Misine. During his subsequent reddenoe in Osceola he engaged 
in meroaDtile pursuits, served as county treasurer four years and 
as register of deeds Ave years, which office he held at the time 
of hiB death which OQcnrred Oct. 23, 1886. 

OaoAS A. Ci^BK came to Taylor's Falls in 1881, settled on a 

Arm inOsoeola in 1852, and brought hither his parents from 

Termont, both of whom have since died. Oscar was a surveyor. 

He engaged also in the lumbering and commercial business. He 

was of the Arm of Clark Brothers. He enlisted in a Wisconsin 

regiment daring the Bebellion, and served till'mustered out, but 

never rstumed to his home, and as nothing has since been heard 

from him, his fHends have concluded that he must have been 

Burdered after his discharge, possibly on the way home. Cor- 

aeUos, a brother, lives at the Clark homestead; George, a 

brother, married a daughter of John S. Godfrey. He died in 

1873. The widow was subsequently married to Cornelius. Le- 

nun, a brother, settled on a farm in Osceola, and died in 1879, 

leavlDg a lai^e family. Andrew, another brother, of the firm of 

Clark Brothers, died in Osceola. 

Oscar F. Kxapp. — Capt. Knapp has been conspicuons as a 
steamboat maker, owner and captain for the last thirty years. 
He was bom in Clinton county, ITeW York, in 1831. At the age 
of fifteen years he came "West and located in Delavan, M'isconsin. 
Id 1852 he removed to Osceola, Wisconsin, where he engaged in 
Itnabering for about four years. In 1856 he was married to Miss' 
ADgeline Hayes, of Osceola. In the same year he engaged in 
the hosioess of steamboating, with which he has been since 
identified more or less. His first steamboat was the H. S. Allen, 
»liich, in company with E. B. Strong, he bought of H. S. Allen, 
of Chippewa Falls, in 1856, for 85,000. In 1862 he built the En- 
terprise, a small but serviceable boat of light draft and fair 
«peed. lu 1864 Capt. Knapp built the Viola, owned by a stock 



coiupiiDj'. In 186(J he built the G. B. Knnpp. in 1S79 the Jennie 
Hayes, aud mn these t^o boats fourteen years. In 1S77 he en- 
tered the employmeut of the UuiUkI Slates goverumeut, improv- 
ing thr navig}itir>ii uf the 8t. Croix river, iu whieii work he is 
Btill engaged. Hin twn sonB, Ren and Get>rgp^ succeeded hiui iu 
the steamboat busiuess. Ben, the oldest sou, wa« boru in Osceola 
iu 1857: George, the second son, in 1859. The*ie two boys sp«tit 
their childhood and youth on the river, and have grown up to 
be expert pilots and captaios, aud inherit Lheir father's popu- 
larity as river men. Ben wait married to Addie Tallrays, Jane, 
1880; George t-o Clarihel Wilson, in 1883. Oapt. Knnpp ha» 
two other children, Viola, now Mrs. Arthur Johnson, and Gny, 
still a minor. Mrs. Angeliue Koapp died at- Iter home in Of^cc-ola, 
31arch 6, 1883. respecte^l and lament«d by all who knew her. 
Capt. Ben Knapp died Oct. 5, 1887, It^viug a wife aud two chil- 

Mrs. Eli.<iaheth B. 1Tayi->4.— Mrs. IIaye.s was born in ISU, 
in Dundee, YaU*s county, New York. Iu 1854 she removed with 
her husltand to Missouri. After his death, in the foil of the 
same year, she came with her children to 0>e-eola. where she 
built the Osceola House, which she kept a number of years. The 
daughters were Augeliue B. (Mrs. O. P. Knapp), Mrs. Uubbell 
and Mrsi. Milroy, of New York, and 3Irs. Truman Foster, widow, 
since the wife of Capt. C. G. Bradley. Her sou3 were George, 
Frank aud David. Capt^ George Hayes followed piloting and 
steamboatiug, exwpting dnring the Ilebellion, when he served 
as a soldier iu the Fourth Wisconsin Volndteers. In the1att«r 
part of the war he served n& a scout for Gen. fauby. At the 
pnweut time he has the appointment of steamboat inspector, 
with office in St^ Paul. David has iK'en prominent as a et€«m- 
boat captain. He now resides iu Inwa. 

Cvfirs Q. Bradi.kt was born in Kaakaskia, Illinois, in 1825. 
In 184T> he came to the lead mines in Wiscon.siu and to Osceola 
iu 1848. He was married in 1&4G to the widow of Truman 
Foster, of Osceola. Mr. Bradley engaged in lumliering, became 
a river pilots rnuning rafts to St. Louis, with stems and blades, 
called oarN and .sweeps, before steamboat towing wa.s in vogue. 
When steamb(utl« Itecame useful in running ratls^ he built 
two steamers especially for raft towing. He had much to do in 
iutrwiuctug the steamboat towing business. Mr. Bradley moved 
to Ills farm uear Osceola in 1S74. where he still resides. 




W. Hale. — Judge Hale's early life was 8pent on a farm. He 

oouunenced lu]iil>ering in 18t^J, and followed that busineHS and 

piloting on the Ohio and AHeghuny rivers nntil 1851. when he 

came to Osceola prairie and opened a farm. Mr. Hale was the 

first county judge of Polk county, and held the posiliou eight 

years. He has also served as county superiut^udent of sehoola. 

,£Ze was born in Harmony. Susfj^uehuuua county. Pennsylvania, 

iwi 1802; was raarrie<l to Nancy McKeene, of Orange county, 

^ie^ir York, in IS'iii, They have four sons, John, Isiiac, Silos P., 

^^.nd Reuben W.. and three daughters, Ksthcr (Mrs. Treadwell), 

JSklalvina (Mrs. Merrick), and Achsab (Mrs. Thomas Kent). 

Edgas C. Tbeadwet.l was born March 29, 1832. in Susqtie- 
^Szaanna county. Pcniisy Ivan lit. He came with a tesim from 
'ennsylvania to Osceola in 1846. where he engaged in lumbering 
nd piloting nntil 1863, when be t-nlist^d in Company I>, Second 
-Visconsin Cavalry. He was wounded at Yazoo river. He 
•etarued to Osceola in 1865 aud was married to Esther Hale ia 
8«6. Mr. Treadwell was the fii*st sheriiT of Polk county, and 
a& filled other places of trust. Siuce the war he ha» resided 
^=>n his farm. 


Extended mention has already been made of the village of St. 
^ZJroii Falls in the Keneml history of the fii-st settlement of the 
moty. ThetowQ iucludcstowQship34, range IS, and two partial 
;ctious of range 19. It was organized iu 1854, but unfortunately 
irt records of its organiviation can be obtained. The surface ia 
^agreeably diversified by hiUuud plain, and is supplied with many 
«9pecies of tinil>er, including maple-, elm, and sev(;nil varie* 
■*ies of oak. The St. Croix river forms its western boundary, 
^nd presents here some of its wildest and most Ijeautiful scenery, 
:lncluding the trap rock ledges of the Dalles. 


The buildings of the Falls company formed the nucleus of a 
Tillage which took the name of the Falls. It« history has l>eeu 
given somewhat at length in the history of the settlement, and 
in "R»*miniscenoe5.'' It is sitnate<l on the east bank of the river, 
between the upper and lower falls. It contains one first class 
flouring mill, owned by James Thompson, one wagon and plow 
flujtory, owned by Comer Brothers, oucagiicultumt warehouse, 



two livery stablus (Harvey & Co., aud LiUisA Co.), twoexcelJent 
hotels (J. W. Mallen. and C. C. Fiake), one United States land 
office, one church building (PresbyterianJ, costing about ^2,500, 
onegnuled school building, coi^ting $6,000, one town ball and 
several commodious stores and dwellings. The village was plat- 
ted iu 1S57. by Marion T. Chandler. The post office was cetab- 
lisbed iu 1844. Harvey Wilsou was the first postmaster. The 
Minneapolis, Sue & Atlantic Railway Company have a branch 
road exteniling to this place from Dresser's station, a di.Htanee 
of three miles. The village was incx^n-porated Feb. 21, ISSi*, 
with the following board of officers: President, J. H. MeCotirt; 
trustees, John Comer, Jacob Itei^er, George Thompsou, Charles 
Amcry, Barney O'Xeal. Sidney Wall; clerk, Thomas IVck; ti*ea8- 
urer, A. Hoaglaud; assessor, P. B. Jewell; saperpisor* S. W. 
Blauding; constable. Hoover Christopher; Justice of the peace, 
W. B. Jiull; police Justice, Thomas Peck. St. Croix village has 
suffered from flres. The heaviest losses were without insurauoe. 
The Ihinring mill was l>urued April 30, 1863; loss, 6S,00«. The 
company's hotel wa-s burned May, 1880; loss, $3,000. Fiske's 
hotel wns burned Sept. 16, IS^; loss, $6,000. 


West Sweden embraces township 37, range 17. This isal 
exclusively a hardwood timberetl district, with some piue in 
uuith. The soil is rich and well watered with Spirit creek and 
Upi«'r Wood river. The surface is undulating. The north part 
has uumerous lakes and meatlows. There is au upheaval of 
trap rock iu section 2 and copper specimens abooud. The prin- 
cipal sclllera are Swedes. The town was oi-gauized Xov. 10, 1S75. 
The fii*sl supervisors were X. C. Johusou, A. Larson and A. 


The towuof Sterling is composed of township. 36, ranges 19 and 
20. The east part is heavy hartlwood timber lanil, with rich soil 
suitable l<»r wheat: the west portion is very sandy and covered 
with a few stratteriug oaks and black pines. The whole towu is 
well supplied with hay meadows, which afford great advantageBto 
the stock raiser. The Iii-st actual settlers were Samuel Deneen 
aud William Trimmer, who came in the fall of 1855. The year 
following William Lowell, from Stillwater, entered three han- 




dr^<J and twcDty acres in sections 14 and 15, range iw, and made 
eitousivtr improvcmentfl. IMniel ¥. Smith took up the same 
aiaoQut of laud in section 9, same town and range, and made im- 
proveminitji. The first white child bom was the son ol' James 
Oro^o n. Angnat, 185S. The first white couple married was John 
Bex-ry and Kmily Stmit, itj 1859. The first death was that of Mrs. 
Dciulap, sister of William Trimmer, in 18»9. 

Tfac town was organized in 1S55. The first U»wu meeting was 
held at the residence of William Lowell, and Samnel Denoen 
'■a« the first chairman of the town. The town was called Mos- 
co"^, \rUich name was changed one year after to that of Sterling. 
It -WHS the largerit town in the county then. It was organized 
lat^i* two school districts, but District No. 1 not being able to 
ttO-ild a good school house, an old log shanty was fixed uxj.for 
ficoool purposes, and in this MIhs Fanny Trimmer taught the 
^'^t Bchool. The first saw an*! grist mill was built by Dr. I>e- 
"t*^**!!. Olaf Stnvndburg established the first blacksmith shop and 
^tU it a gun shop, la 1849 Charles F. Kowiey built a "stop- 
^' '^K place," so called in those days, on the banks of Wolf creek. 
^ tbe old crossing, half a mile west of Deneen'.s and cultivated 
■ r^w aore« of land. This house was burned on© night by a lot 
"■ t.«anisters in a drunken orgie. 

t>s. SAirUEL Deneen. the first white settler in Sterling, was 
"*^**n Dec 27, 1S01» in Tonugstowu. Ohio. He was married in 
^*-25 to Margaret Conly. Hi* studied medicine in Michigan, and 
'^^iJft to Wisronsin in 18.'V4, and to Sterling in ^S^t'K Dr. Deneen 
P**^oticed his profession, made him a farm, built a saw and grist 
'^i^ll on Wolf creek, established a post ofiice and took an active 
^*»*t in the interests of the new settlement, lie and his wife still 

^^ on the homest-ead which they have held for the past thirty 
y^atr^ Mra. Deneen was born in 1800. 

^^ILLiAii W. Tbimmeu came to Sterling in 1855 and made a 

*^'*»<'- Imildiug auil occui)yiug what was for many years known 
** ** Trimmer's Hotel." Mr. Trimmer died in St. Oroix Falls 
^ 1S74. 

A.KSOLD Denbmobe was bom in Nova Scotia, in 1822; was 
*^^f lied to 3Iattldn Wallace in 1S45, and came to Sterling in 

/***«", where he died, .Ian. 20, 1886. much respected as a neigh- 


citiKen and Christian. 





Jau. 9, 1S40, the "Wisconsin legislatarc created a new county 
out of Crawford couuty, including territoiy west of the Chip- 
pewa river, extending northward to the British possessions, and 
named it St. Croix. By the Haine act, a day was designated for 
an election, at which a county seiit was to be chosen and trounty 
officers elected. "Mouth of St^ Croix," now I'rescott, and Caw- 
cawbaw-kang, now St Croix Falls, were designated as voting 
places. Two places only were voted for, "Mouth of St. Croix/' 
and Dakotah, Brown's claim, now Schuleuberg's mldition to Still- 
water. Dakotah was chosen by a vote of forty-five to thirteen. 
The returns were made to Prairie da Chien, county seat of Craw- 
ford county, and certificates issued to the county officers elected 
by C. J. Leonard, clerk of Crawford county. The legislature bad 
at the timeof crcfttiug the uew county wade it a probate district, 
Philip Aldrieh being appointed judge. 

The history of the county until 1848 has been given elsewhere, 
iLs eunneeted with the early history of Stillwater. 

The tidmiHiion of Wisconsin Territory as a state in IfUS di- 
vided the county, giving it the St. Croix river and state line as 
it« western boundary. The Wisconsin portion of the old county 
was conseqnently left without a county seat, while the portion 
west of the St. Croix had a couuty seat, but was without state 
or territorial jurisdiction. Congress, however, declared M*i8<'on- 
coDsin territorial laws to be still in force in the excluded terri- 
tory, and they so ri'uiaincd until the oi-ganixntion of Minnesota 
Territory. Soon after the admission of WLseonsin. that part of 
St, Croix county within its limits was reorganized for county and 
judicial pmixises, and a new couuty seat choKeu, located in sec- 


to KJ 2i, township 29, range 10. at the mouth of "V\'inow river. 

'tiii* eoaiity seat was at first willed Biieim Vista. On Sept- W. 1848, 

tih<i county commissioners, wnder the law creating the county, 

l"^!*^^ tlii-ir fii-Bt meeting at tbe county seat, iu the honHeoi' Philip 

'"^Itl B-ich. The oommissiouers prtsent were Ammah Andiews, 

claims xionn; W. H. Morse, and W. K. ADdereon, dork, Philip 

-^l«^xich waa appointed ti*easurcr. Four voting precincts were 

^•^^i^-VjIishi'd. Mouth of Ht Croix. Willow River or Uuena Vista, 

*^*^o«irula, and Falls of St. Croix. These early commissioners per- 

•*****Xi^Hl dulins of the most variw! clmnicter incident to the gov- 

^'^HiijcQt of a new county. There was :iii yet no connty seal^ 

'^'^'i they were required to draw with the pen upon legal docu- 

°**=«Hs a scroll representing a seal, and to use other forms, appli- 

**i*?c?« and devices without legal precedent. 

-^t; the second meeting of the county commissioners Osceola 

■Was represented by Harmon Craudull. he having been alisent at 

***e first meeting of the board. Moses Periu was appointed col- 

*^otor. License for selling iutoxjatting liquors was fixed at 

^^*^*!Uty dollars jMsr annum. The rate of tAxatiun was fixed at 

**'^«sii mills on the dollar. The firat state election iu the connty 

*"** held at Bueua Vista, Nov. T, 1S48. One hundred and fifteen 

*^H^ were the whole numl>er cast in the county. The follow- 

**** officers were elected: Senator, James Fisher, of Crawford 

^'^^ntj': repi-esentative, Joseph Bowron, Buena Vista; county 

***iiUnissioner8, Wm. U. Moree, Ammah Audrews, Harmon 

^^odall, Buena Vista; county clerk, W. Bichardson, Bnena 

• ***a; register of deeds. W. R. Anderson, Bueua Vista; judge 

?^ probate court, Alvah D. Ueatou, Osceola; county trc^asmer, 

"^^ilip Aldrich, Bneua Vista; coroner, Wm. O. Mahouy, Osceola; 

*ttrv,,y(,r. Alex. S. Youle, St. Ci-oix Falls. 

A.t the (commissioners' meeting, Feb. 28, 1849, the county was. 

*^i<led into the following towns: 8t. Croix Falls, Buena Vista, 

^J"'l Elisabeth. At an election held Sept. 3, 1849, Hamlet II. 

f^^ffcius received forty-nine votes for judge, and Joel Fustei- 

**'^y-onc. Mr. Perkins was drowned at St. Croii Falls soou 

^**r, and the governor appointed Mi*. Foster to fill the vacancy. 

'»Xid(jg Foster held his first court at Bueua Vista. Daniel Noble 

|pht»on was appointed prosecuting attorney in IS49. James 

Rbes was appointed in 1.S.V). The first di^rict court was held 

in August, 1850. 



At a spccifil meetiug of the commissiouers in 1S41>, Jn 
Huglies and J. M. lirtiley were appoiiitod a biiUdiug committ 
to nKikee-stimates for tho erection of a and Jail. At 
tbe special lueetinf; of the com in iesi oners. Jaii. 15. ISjiI. the 
town of Kimiikiuic was orgaiiixod. They had al»o iind 
cousideration thi- eruption of county buildings, and appoin 
Amuiab Andrews to cri'ct the same. Otis Hoyt. for uon-nt 
auce at this meeting of the board, was lined fifty dollars, 
the flue was subseqnently remitted. The legislature of 1 
changed the name of the town of Bnena Vista to Willow ■River 
also of the town of Elisabeth to Pieseott. At a snbseqne 
meeting the (tontract with Ammah Andrews to erect pn 
buildings was rescindt'd. and Daniel Mears wa** made ftp 
agent to build a jail, and three hundred and fifty do11ai-s 
appropriate<l for that purxHNW. The town of Rush River 
organized Xov. 13, ISriT. At the request of petitioners, t 
town of Leroy (now Osceola) was organized Nov. 9, \S5'2. 
day was fixed in 1S52 to vote on the change of name. Will* 
River to Hudson. Tht- name Hudson was adopted by a t 
thirds majority. The legislature of 1853 ei-eat<*d from the te 
tory of St* Croix county the counties of Polk. St. Croix i 
Pierce. Polk being locjited on the north. Pierce ou the south, i 
St. Croix occupying tho central poitiou uf the original St. CrG 
coanty. and retaining the county seat. 

St. Ci-oix county, as at pres«*nt constitntwl, Hi's on thee 
bank of the river and Lake St- Croix, forming, but for sli| 
iri-egularitic* ou the weeitern line, a parallelogram. It inelni 
townships 2S to 31. and ranges 15 to UK with fractions of ran 
2<i <tn the W(»t. The sui-faci* varies from gently undulating 
hilly. The blufTs along the lake are not precipitous, osou the! 
per St. Croix, but are even and continuous, with gently n>au 
slopes. Prom the river, eastward, the country is broken ; 
AODievhat hilly; the central port ions are rolling prairies on wl 
StTt fine farms, and tho eastern portions are level and original 
heavily timbered. The etisteru tier of townships is covered 
a heary growth of timlier known as the Big Woods. The i 
ber is composed of basswixtd. maplf. Imtternut. several speeit^S 
oak. and a spriukliug of white pine. The soil is a rich clayey Ion 
and well wlapted %»r gm.-**. grain anil root crops. (;ou<l bui 
iQ|t and limestone crop out iu plaoee. The coauty is well drai 




by the St. Croix and its tributaries, Apple, 'WilloTr and Kiii- 

iiiic on the west and river on the esist. Of these tribn- 

*?» Apple river is the It rises in Polk county, when* 

it is supplied by nnmerons lakes, enters St. Croix county and 

pae» 6 diagonally across the northwest corner and empties into 

the 13*. Croix river a few miles above Stillwater. Willow rivor 

rises in Cylon township and empties into St. Croix lake, just 

above Hndson. This river passes througli a deep gorge in the 

limestone rock, a few miles above its month, falling in its pas- 

■*eo over several ledges of rock, pi-odnciug fails famed far and 

^i«««r for their Mrilducss and grandeur. Kinuikiuic river in the 

**ontli part of the county is famed also for the beauty of its 

winery and for itw waterfalK It passes into Pierce county and 

then, uniting with its southern ba-anch, flows into Lake St, 

^oix. Rush river rises in Eau Galle. and turns and flows 

tbeiice to Ij:ike Pepin. These streams have nnfiiillng supi>lieis 

^ui springs luiii snmll lakes. There is a remarkable formation 

*** the KiDQikinic valley al>ont seven miles above Iliver rails, 

**lled the Monument. It Ls a ledge of pure white sandstone i-ock, 

'sc'arly t'ircular. and risilig to a height of sixty feet. It stauds 

**** a natural elevation far above the level of the valley and so 

"-"•ijjjj n very conspicuous and curious object. The base is forty 

***■ fifty feet wide, aiid the summit is a turrelrshaped mass of rock 

*^*out fiflecu feet wide and as umuy high. The paitnpon which 

''^turret rests is dome-shaped, iUs sidt* worn by the I'aius into 

^^*-p furrows. Yeara ago a tree grew uixin the summit. The 

"^ft sandstone is being gradually worn away by the winds and 



ITiilip Aldrich was appointed commissioner in 1848 to locate 
^*^ tftate schiwl lands in St. Croix eouuty, at that time incUnting 
'*^lk and I'ierce counties. It is said that Dr. Aldrich would 
'■liioh to the snmnuts of the highest mounds, and, casting his 
•'i'^eafit, west, north or south, would proclaim such and snch 
"^JUibers or sections a.** st;hool lands. Where all were so arable 
***d fertile there was no use in discriminating. At the division 
^'^ tliK eonnty in 1S53 the part designated as St. Croix county 
***8ob<livideri into three towns. Bnena Vista or Hudson, Willow 
"'Vfr and Rinnikinic or Troy. As the population increased 
"iwe towns were divided and snbdivided until they numbered 

Pi ^^^ 






o^«^ . \ 9^-^,. ^ "'..-•; 

m^<.- — ;: '5^ \ %^^:.^ ::.■•••■-::... 

^*'-.;:*...- •■ \^ \ <>w:^* -" ...- 

^>»-*^"r- ■■■■■: .Ai^"^* >n1>« nT ' 













*V.515.266. The stock ntiinlwrfi! 6,272 horses, 319 niwles, 442 
oicn, 6,fi24 cows, and (i,149 other cattle. 

Tbe average yield of prodacta thronghout the connty can b6 

itirly plncc<i at these fifrues: }Vhent. 1.^75.000 bosbcls; oats, 

■««),000 bushels; rye and barley* 35,000 bushels; corn, 200,000 

Inahels; potatoes. 150.OO0 bushels; hay. 20,000 tous; cbee«c,ldO,- 

€)nO pounds; butt^-r, 350,000 pounds. 

During the past few yeai-s agriculture has steadily increased 
'vvix.ile rapid strides hare been ina4le in mannfactnres, so that the 
t^o-tMls would be quite materiaUy enhirged now over those of 18S5. 


^^^^ In maoufactores the statisticiaus have the county down for 112 
^PPR^ablishments with a capital of 1^740,197, utilizing materials to 
■tW^ amount of 61,105.203, evolving products to the sum of 
^_^ i^ -488,192, and payhig Slt>7.469 in wages per annum, 
^fe -Aa to manufactures, in rouud uumlwra there is produced in the 
^b|»«snty: Lumlier, 50,0O[>,0O0 feet; shingles, 1S,OOI».000: laths, 
^M^'4X)0,000; furniture, #120,000; barrels, 12fl,000; flonr, 11}0,000 


^^ located in the northwest part of Kinuikinic. section 11, on 
*tti<?li side of the Kinuikinic river. It was purchiL*ed in 1870 
•"or- ^1,000, and the prolmble present value is 810,000. 




^^a McKtisick 

P**»«li* McKeaii.„ 

J**'"'*»nl JobasDD 

-j^*J«or St. Croix Comptuiy 

T^*^Oct& lUningtoD 

P - yf. KtuweU 

r^^mnl Worth 

n^ far Lombair 

^^^ao JouvK , 

~ MclAQglui 

^"«ii, T*ivru,. 



81, 500.04) 

























Jaxxi.«s Puriuton.. .. 
"Wuh.^ H. Andeiwn 
S»Xkii:x«l Clift 

P- X>. Aldrich , 

^•ot^^m Perin. 

A.x»imaJ;i Andrews.. 

JoliJi B. Page , 

^••^^'^iai Maeieey , 

Jcktaer2>li Lagrew 

'Will- H. Nttbloa...,, 
LetiiQiei Js'oMea 

JoJua ColUec „, 


P^t^jT F. Bcmchfia., 

*^- Smith... 

**<:*C night -.., 

^Oi, 8teeta 

'<**^Iih Abear 









H. 049. 01) 






















^H 152 FIFTT YZXSS ^^^^H 
















76. 1' 








2. no 1 

1.2S 1 

^H j^^ 

^H W. n. Mo«e 

^H w 4r. 

^H Tntelt 


|«8.»1 1 

^H The aljove roll \ras published in pnmphlet form, ccrtifletl to by 
^H M'ni. K. AinJcrson, olerk of board of coautj' cominitvsioner^ 
^H and nu order issuetl to >[oso.s Perin to colk-ct such taxes, aud 
^H pay over to the treasurer of St. Croix oouuty. The nmoauts 
^H vere duly collected. 


^H The tirst sottlenieut in St. Croix county y^aa made on the 
^H pre«^ut site of Hudson city in 1838 by P<^t4>r Itouchea, Loafa 
^H Mai^ey. Wm. Stents and Joseph Lagroo, Frenchmen, who snb- 
^H 8ist4xl chieily by huntiujf and fisbing^, but nhu also raised garden J 
^H crops of corn, beans and other vegctahles. Tb<!«e people w«re-1 
^H contentctl and jovial, foud of dancing and social enjoyment. 1 
^H Beyond the mere pleasure of liring Lhev wwmed to have but 1 



littlo care ami were withont enterprise or anihition. More en- 
t<»-r"j3i-isiiig aiul iiidustrioua penplf followed them to the new set- 
tit-iiiont, and ns the pnblic lands were not open for entry until 
1S~-*S, settled apon the lamls and made some improvements, 
awa^iting patiently the time when they could acquire a legal 
titl^. The original elaimact^ of the town of Bueua Vista in 
^S-4-S were Petrr Bouchea, Louia Massey, Wm. Steels, .Tosuph 

P '^^gyoo, Joseph Lenavil, Bevere, Anmiah Andrews, W. H. 

»«<1 M. V. Noblts, John B. Page, Philip Aldrich. and W. K. 

-A. rfcclorson. These parties, after the sni-vey and prior to the 

^^^ti-y of the land, made an equitable division of their claims. 

^*'t+»r Boitchea and Louis Slassey were then delegated to pur- 

*^*is»»e the lauds, which they did, Boucliea porchasiug the south- 

"West qnarterof southeast qnartcrof section 24, towniiUip29. i-auge 

^^^* n-nd Massey. the nortliwest )|narter of the southeast qusirter 

^^ Bection 24, township 29, range 20. Deeds were (hen made to 

tne various elaimanta according to the original agreement The 

»"*^t individual sun-ey of lots was made on Massey's entry, Har- 
"""^y AiVilson, of Stillwater, bfing the enrveyor. The vill.ige thus 
Piatt<*d was at first ealled linena Vista, bnt some confusiou aris- 
^'Mf R8 totlie title of lots in ISTil. ilui Ipgislatun^changedthoname 
**' tlie town and village to Willow River, wiiich, by vote of the 
^*^*Ple in 1852, was changed to Hudson. The original propriet-ors 
**■ tlio village of Baena Vista were Paschal Aldrich, James San- 
*^^*^ Moses Perin. James K. Patt<'n and Jos<»pli Abear. Addi- 
"OH}5 vere surveyed in 1H49 au<l 185»i by Gibson, Heiming and 
°''**«^rs. To avoid confusion wc shall discard the earlier names 
*I>plipd to what has since become the city of Hudsou and speak 
it solely by its later and b»;ttt'r known name. 
^'i 184U the locality, as seen from a p:iHsing steamer, seemed a 
**^^«rDess of orchard oaks and maples, filling the valley of Wil* 
^* river, and clothing the slopes of the hills. A closer view 
^^8ht have revealed an occasional shanty, a cabin of the first 
""^Uch settlers, with small gardens, the whole inclosed by high 
™^lc«t fencefl as a protection against wl rolling fudiaus. Seveu 
^^t>5 later loggers were at work on Willow river under Capt. J. 
**• ^age. The same year a couple of frame houses appeared in 
.^^ oak oj)euings. The first wns Imjlt by W. H. Nobles, whicli 
T, **^ill standing and is occupit-d by Jlra. Col. James Hughes. 
»-nH jii-cond was built by Ammah Andrews and is now occupied 




by Horaee Champliu. In 1S48 Jamea Parinton commenced a 
saw mill aud dum Ht tin; mouth of Willow river, which were not 
complete!! aiitil 1850. In 1848 Wm. H. ^'obles started a ferry 
over the lake. Jame-s Pnriiitou opened a sti)re and 3Ioses Perin 
bnilt ft hotel and boarfling hotu>e, which stood opposite Cham- 
pUn's present livery stable. In 1849 Miss Kichards, from Prairie 
du Chieu, taught the fii-st school. Mrs. A. M. liichardson. the 
wife of the MethiKlist minister, the second. A school house was 
not built until 1855. John G. Putman built the Backcye Honsc, «^ 
corner of First and Bnckeye streets. Horarn Barlow built a ^«^ a 
resilience. Mr. Stone also put up a store building. The first ^^st 

attorneys, Daniel Noble Johnson and C\)l. James Hnghea, com -«- 

meneed practice in Hadson iu 1S40. The 6rst public building 
stood on the lot now occupieil by the Methodist church. It 
burned down in the spring of 1851, aud an account of the fire, 
as pnbliKhi'il at that time. Htateil that the *'conrt house, Metho — 
dist. Baptist, C(>ngregali»)nal anct ISpiseopal churebeM, together^ 
with the high school bnildings, were all oonsnme<i." It is bn 
fair to say that there were no regular charch organizations 
this time, but occasional services by local aud transient minis — 
ters. Rer. Lemuel Nobles, a Methodist miulsterf preached the^ 
first sermon in 1847. The first society orgauizatiou was that of^^ 
the Baptists. Rev. S. T. Catlin, pastor, iu 1853. In the same y 
Rev. A. M. Richartlson was regularly appointed a* pastor of th 
Methodist Episcopal ehnreh. In 1855 the First Presbyterian 
charcli was organize*! under the pastorate of Kev. Chas. Thayer, -^ 
and Rev. Wilcoxson U'came the first rector of the Episcopal 
church. In 1856 Rev. Father McGeetook charge of the CaUmlic 
church. In 1857 Rer. C. U. Marshall was called to the paHtorate 
of the Congn^ational church. A Norwegian Lutheran eliuroh 
was oi'ganized in 187G. All of theee cfauix-h organizations have 
good church buildings, and the Catholic church has a tlonriRhing 
school connected with it. School iutei-ests wore not neglected 
by the early Settlers. A good school was built in 186&- — 
and graded. The first deed i-ecorded covering Hudson property 
was by Louis Massey aud Fniuces, his wife, to Wm. H. Nobles^, 
warranty: cousidenition. ^7.18; situate in east half of south- 
west quarter of sectiou 24, township 20, range 20. 




Hadsoti WAS iDcorporatfid as a cltj In 1S57, and the first mxi' 
mdpal election v,&& held in April of that year. The city was 
divided into tlire^i wards. A. D. Gay wn& the first mayor. The 
fonuvring were the first alderm«ii: First ward, Jn,me» B. Gi-ay^ 
Milton V. Nobles, J. M. Fultoa; Second ward, Alfred Day, R. 
A- Oridley, Chas. E. Dexter; Third ward, Chas. Thayer, N. P. 
Lester, X. Perry. The reuiaiuiiig cityoMcera were: City clerk, 
O* Uoll; city attorney, Cyrus L. Hall; surveyor, Michael Lynch. 
At the first meeting of the city conucil, after the appointment 
of comuiitt-ec!4 on by-laws, bond sales^ salaries, etc., license for 
selling intoxicatiiigliqaorft was fixed at fifty dollars per annum 
for hotel keepers, two huAdt^d dollars for wholesale dealei'Sj with 
various grad*« for retail aaloons. The first Ueense ii*sued was to 
Joha Cyphers, for keeping saloon and billiard hall. 



A. D, Gray, 


Lemuel Nortli, 


Alfred Day, 


C. H, Lewis, 


SilikS Staples, 


H. A. Wllsou, 


John Comstock, 


A. J. Go^, 


S. F. Clongh, 


P. Q. Boyden, — 


A. D. BichardsoD, 


D. C. Foiton, 


C. B. Coon, 


M. A. Fulton, 


H. L. Humphrey, 


Samuel Hyslop, 


J. H. Brown, 


Sam. C. Johnson, M. D 


Simon Hunt, 


Wm. H. Phipps. 



Graded schools were established In 1859. They have ever 
maintained an excellent reputation. lu 1S60 Charlotte Mann 
was chosen principal, and taught the eight ensuing years. A 
ncT school building was completed in 1887 at a cost of 825,000. 
This boilding is devoted t o high school purposes. The schools 
of the city are graded. There are eleven departments and twelve 
teachers. Each ward of the city has a separate building. The 
school fund amounts to about $6,000 per annam. The schools 
veander the control of six commissioners. 




Was organiTiPii al River Palls by Prof. J. B. Hinckley, aud shortly 
afl<'i"ward icnioved to Hudson, and a bnilding woith ?7,000 
erected for its accommodation. In 1S80 it was pnrcbodcd by the 
Catholics, and it is now known as St. Marys Academy. 


The first saw mill, a» alresuly noted, was completed in 1S50. 
It was known as Pnriuton's saw mill. Other suw mills were 
built, but destroyed by tire. We have no record of ownership 
aud losses, but estimate the aggregate of the latter as near 9100, • 
000. The Willow River mills, built in 1SC7, consist of two flour- 
ing mills, with a capacity of four hundred barrels per day. Con- 
nected with ifaese are a lai^e elevator and cooper fihoi>. The 
present pn)prietor8 are CoojH»r, Clark & Co. The invested 
capital is *150,000. The Hudson Lumber Company, in 1883, 
built a saw mill, below the steamboat landing. This mill has a 
capacity of 18,000,000 feet per auuum, and has a plauang mill 
attiLclied. It is complet4^ in all its depaitment.'i. maunfa^^toring 
all eliLssi-s of tuni1>i-r, from timber Co mouldings. The capital 
stock amounts to $100,000. The officers are H. A. Taylor, presi- 
dent; C. R. Coon, vice president; M. Herrick. secretary: F. D. 
Harding, troasnrer; S. W. Pierce, superintendent. The Hudson 
Foundry and Machine Shop was established in 1870. The North , 
Hudson Fouudry aud O-ar ShojKS are doing a fine business. Vh&l 
Hmlsun Carriage Works were esUiblished in 18S5, and the Hud* 
son FuiTiiture Slanufactory in 1S83. The amount invested ini 
this enterprise IS<H>o, and it ftiruLshes employment to one] 
hundred men. C. It. Coon is president of the company. There 
aretwobreMeries— Moctreman's, establi:<hed in 1857, and Voerg's 
in 1870. 


The St. Croix Valley Bank was organized in 1855. It was a bank 
of issue, payabli' at Gordon, Wisconsin. It closed in 1857. The 
Hudson City Bank, organized 8ept. 10, 1856, went into operation 
nudor the geueral law of Wisconsiu, capital stock ^5.000, 
secured by Michigan and Missouri state stocks. J. O. Henning 
was president and M. S. Gilison, cashier. It noon closed. The 
Parmens and Mechanics Hank, a state Iwink, went into operation 



in 1S57. and dewed the fullowiu^ year. The Hudsou First Na- 
tiotuU Bauk wus urgauized iu 1S(>3, with a uipitul of ^50,(KH.i. 
The first ufflccn* wen? Johu Couistock, presid<!Ul; AUretl J. 
G4«s cjwiiii-r. Tho offii^ei-s iu 1S8S are Johu Cotiwtock, presi- 
dffDt; A. K. Jeffureon, ca«hier. The surpluH fund ia *53.O0O. 
Tht* directors are H. A. Taylor. 11. L. Htiiuphrey, John C. 
SpoODcr, X. L. Clark, F. D. Uarding, A.. T. Goss, and W. H. 
Oowe. The Hadjtou Saviugi^ Bank was organized iu i870, with 
ft CApita) Bifick of l^V^,O^H^. Alfit^i Goss, presiden*; A. J. Go»s, 
owthlrr. Alfred Otxis died in 1S7 — , but the bank ik in 8nc- 
o i*gf q> operation, thi^ Bon still retaining hiH fntber'rt name as 
brail] of tbe tirm. 


The Ik aiit iful piivHte hospital which Uk»« th** nam** of Aiueri- 
I's popular piw't, Oliver Wenilell Holmes, was opened June 
7, 1SS7. The credit of this hospital scheme Is entirely due to 


• t 

uLtTKU wnnnt. qoijikm ti> 

Ih.lrviogD. Wiltroat, of Hmlson, who for Romo years has bftou 
MRiilQonsly at work maturing the plans. Tlio owners ai-e Dr. 
Wilimiu and the Johu.stou Brothers, of Boardnttui. The site is 

16B Firrv yeaks 

upon a beantiful wooded slope of Willow river, abont » mile 
from its month, overlookiuf^ Lake Alallalicu, an expanne of the 
river, aud a broad swiit-p of the St. Croix with its nndnlating 
banks, tximiuiuiding thi; most delightful aod extoiisivo views. 
The baildiug^ in lighted by the Mather Belf regul:itiug, incan- 
descent systiPm of electricity. The dyuaino, eugme iiud boilere 
are located in a lireproof brick stmcture, some distance from 
the building proper, communicating with the hoapital by Jin 
nndcr^ound passage way. The hospital is under the direction of 
the following Iward; President, A. J. Gosh; first vice jiresident, 
John CouiMock; second vice president, John E. Glover; aeore- 
tary, Thomas Iinght>s; treasurer, Jtev. M. Benson. 


The Hudson water works, supplied from Lake St. Croix, ore 
situated upon Liberty Hill, in the rear of the southern part of 
the city. They are owneil by W. 8. Evaiu*. The hill Ls two hun- 
dred and wventeeu feet above the lake, and cttmniandHa ma^iti- 
cent view of the surronnding country. The summit is easily 
aoc«MHib1e. The city is also well supplied with water from arte- 
sian wells, which were snnk to a depili of five hundred fefrt, aud 
aObrd a flow of two huudre<l gallons per minute. 


The principal hotels are the Chapin House, first built in 1867, 
but twice destroyed by fire. Tlie last structure wjvs erected in 
1879, by H. A, Taylor. The Tracy Hunse was built in 1867, the 
Seely House in 1873, the Commercial Hotel in 1876, aud the Cen- 
tral House in 1S76. 


May 19, 1866, Hudson city vrsa visited with a dcstructire con- 
flagration. Sisty-fonr business houses and twenty-five real- 
deiicei* were destroyed. It was probably the resnJt ol' accident 
or cnrel^sness. It commenced in the rear of H. X. Taylor^s fur- 
niture rooms and printing ot&m, and sprfavl with t*uch rapidity 
that it wiLswith the greatest difficulty that merchants and othei^ 
were able to save tlieir valuable papers. The wind blew a gale 
and the flames spread and caught in every direction. The fir& 
occurred fortunately in the daytime or it might have been at- 
tended with a frightftil loss of life. As it was. there were many 



narrow eecaijes. The total Iohsch from tihis fire were ^325,000, 
on which there wn« bnt, i?7r),0(M» insunuice. A deAtnictive fire 
Oticnrrwi in 1872, destroying tin? Chai>m Hall Ilonse, vahied at; 
♦iV>,000, and other i>roperty to the vnhie of ^35.00U. on which 
Ihero was but ?15,000 insnniuce. Daring the sume year another 
fire occnrred. dcstroyinjj 30,0i>0 bushels of wheat and the furni- 
hire of the Chapin hiall House, wbich had been saved from the 
previous fire. The loss was estimated at *(>0.000 with ^16,355 

St. Croix Lodge, A. P. and A.M., founded IS.^5; ColfaxLodge, 
:^*o. M, 1. O. O. F., founded laW; Hudson City Lodge, Uo. 4456, 
JI- O. G. T., founded 1867; Ladit^' Library Association, founded 
:M.eeS; SU Croix K. A. Chapt^^r, fuuuded 1S74: Y. M. C. A., fuiuided 
^«-«75; Nash Lodge, L O. G. T., foundetl 1877: Temple of Huuor. 
:ff«3utidetl 1877; St. Croix Commaudery. founded 1879: St. Croix 
Ml^tOiXge. A. O. TJ. W.. foundt*d 1880; Kijuital>le Union, fouudfd 
13^ 5JS0. In addition to thi* fori'going there is a volunteer fire 
-<:^-«mpany, a bout chib, an old settlere' ehtb, a bible society, a 
li^Tiilding and loan association, and a cemetery association. 



liOUlB Masset came of a long-lived French-Canadian family. 

[is father lived to the ago of one hundred aud seven and his 

lother to oue huudi-ed aud five aud he himself lived to the age of 

[uety-uiue yeara. He was boru iu Canada, near Montreal, iu 

^i„7SS. Iu 1805 he left home to ent4*r the service of the British fur 

'ft^radertiat Detroit. In his eventful life he had many lulventnrea 

^%nd paMteii through many perils. He was once arrested with 

Kziis employer by the Americ:in authorities and once made i»ris- 

^-iner by the Indians. In 1S12 he eiiteretl the employ of the no- 

%iorioas Col. Dickson, and, wliile with him, made a trip from 

^HX'troit by way of Mackinaw, Green Bay, Fox and Wisconsin 

*-ivcrs to Prairie dn Chien in a birch canoe. He made two trips 

^u mackiuaw boats from Prairie du Chien to Xew Orleans and 

>cturu. In one trip he mvos four months making his way from 

3few Orlejuis to 8l. Louis. Tip ma^le one voyage in a birch 

canoe from Montreal via Ottawa river, lieorgian bay, Lake 

Baron. St- Marie's river and Lake Superior to Fond du Lac, 

at the mouth of St. Lonis river, via Saudy lake and the Missis- 



8ippi river to Lakn Wiuiubagoabish^ aud anotlier from Fond di 
Lac to Brule riv*'r, ucross to St. Croix river, thence to th( 
Mississippi, and by way <tf St. Putter's river t« Lake Traverse 
canoe. In 181S tie entered tlie service of ctio American Far , 
Company, and lived at Fond du Ijac, the headqaarters of thoH 
compauy, for ten years. There he was married to a sister o^^ 
Peter Boucbca. In 1828 he settled on the reftervatiou ue-ar Fort 
Snelling, where he wns held in such estiiuation that^ ou the ^3e<^ 
pnlsou of the settlers, the officers of the Fort assisted biui iu hisBj 
removal to Willow Eiver, whither he came iu IS38 with Peter 
Bouchea. Wnj. Steet* and Joseph Ijagroo soon followed them. 
These fonr were the first settlers iu Ilutlsuu. Mr. Massey Hvt 
at his old home with a sou-in-)aw, Kichard Picard, antil hi| 
denth, Oct. 14, 1S.S7. His only child living is Mrs. Picard. 

Peter Bouchea was born at Sanit Ste. Marie, Michigan, abou| 
1815. He spent his early life in the neighborhood of Lake 3[ 

perior, was married to a daugliter of Bruce, and came 

the mouth of Willow river in 1S3S. 3Ir. Bouchea had been edQ< 
catcd for the Catholic priesthood. He was a truthful, inteUi* 
gent', reliable man and filled some positions of responsibility,] 
He had many stirring adventures and was once wounded by Ln< 
diam« and cared for by Gov. Cass, of Michigan, at Detroit and] 
Fort Gratiot. He died in 1875, at Fort Edward^ on the noi 
shore of Lake Superior. 

William Stebts came to Willow Biver in 1838, a refngee' 
from the Fort Snelltng reservation. He was frozen to death iiL 
the winter of 1861. j 

Capt. John B. Page came from Piscataquis county, Maine, to 
the St. Croix valley iu 18^4, and engaged for awhile iu cutting 
pine Ic^ on Willow river. While rafting ou the Mississippi he 
met^ and after a brief courtship uiarritHl, a woman who returned ! 
with him to his home on Willow river and who survives him,j 
Mrs. Page had some reputation as a (Thomsonian) physiciaQ.] 
They made their home in Hudson in 1847. Their daughter 
Abigail was the first white child of American descent born in 
Hudson. Abigail married George Bailey, and their sons, George 
W. and David, were for a long time residents of Hudson, an< 
have but lately det-easefl. Mr. Page die*l Feb. II, 1865. 

Dr. Philip ^VJ.nuurH, although not a permanent settler till 
1S47, was an occasional or trausient visitor, and had made a 


land claim in section 24. He took a deep interest in the affairs 

of the pioneer settlement, and at bis house many of the poblic 

gatherings, political and social, were held. He was the first 

postmaster, and, in the exigencies of the service, sometimes 

carried the mail on foot. While a resident of St. Croix Falls in 

1^14, he was appointed probate jndge. In 1848 he was appointed 

freasurer of the connty of St. Croix, and at the election in No- 

rember of the same year, elected to that office. Dr. Aldrich 

iras born in Xew York in 1792, and died at his home in Hudson, 

JfaTch 16, 1858. 

The Nobles Family settled in Hudson in 1847. Rev. Lem- 
nts\ Xoblee, the father, was a Methodist local minister, and in 
18-ft7 preached the first sermon at the mouth of Willow river. 
S ^ came originally from Kew York, lived a few years in the 
rsklley and removed to Michigan, where he died. His children 
w^re WiUiam H., Milton V., John, Mrs. Battles and Mrs. Mor- 
ton S. Wilkinson, deceased. Wm. H. became a resident of Min- 
n^fsota and a noted man. Hia biography is given elsewhere. 

Milton V. Nobles was born in New York in 1818; removed 
X,4y Michigan; was married to Matilda Edwards, Sept. 2, 1846, in 
SitiUwater, and came to Hudson in 1847, where he followed lum- 
"bering until 1860, when he returned to New York and located 
at Elmira. where he resided until his death. While at Elmira 
he liet-ame an inventor and took out several valuable patents. 
His loituiies varied, and a-s is frequentlj' the case with inven- 
tors, at one time he was wretchedly poor. In the midst of his 
piUiuK poverty he sold one of his patents tor a beautiful houie- 
■>t«ui in Elmira. Jlrs. Xobles had not been informed of the 
tninsaction, but with her husband had visited the occupants of 
ilu- liouifstead. Mrs, Xobles could not but contrast this pleas- 
ant home with her own poverty stricken surroundings, and in 
iuvitiiig her entertainers to return the call, tolii them plainly 
tiiatshe lived in a very humlilu home, ajid feared she could not 
make a visit pleiisant to them. At this point the host step]>ed 
forniird. and. by a preconcerted arrangement, presented her a 
JiMltothe mansion and grounds — a joyful surprise. 

'T'mx Nobles, the youngest son, returned to Mieliigan aud 
^'^.'v York, where he became a Methodist minister. Some time 
MiltseijUtTitly ho removed to (^olurado, where he died. 
■Iames Purinton was born in 1797, in Tamworth. New Uamp 



sbirc. He wivn mnrrknl t<i Mary Mauu. in Saudn'ich Kew H:imp- 
ahire. llo afterward rciuovwl l» ^Ihiui;. He came to St. Croix 
Falls in lf^l2, ami Ipaseil Iho St. Croix iiiill:s, and some time afttr 
bei'amo pail owufr. This veulnre not beiug (successful. In? re 
loot'ed to Willow IMver iu 1S4T. vberc be bnilt a large dam 
across tbt ri\"cr. and with others erected a saw mill ou tbe point 
of land betwccu the lake and lircr. This venture wat> uut suc-< 
Ke^u^fnl and the mill property passed into other baudK. Mr. 
Parinton wai$ an experienced lumberman and an active ener- 
getic man. The north side of AVillow River, in which he was' 
so mach iuterested. became att+'rward quite valuable ou account 
of the centralization of shops, depots and business of the West 
Wisconsin and Xurth Wisconsin railroads. Mr. Parinton dice 
in Und.son in 1S-V9, leaving two married daught«rs — Mrs*.— 
Grav)* and Mrs. James McPhail. 

AMMAfl AsDREWS was bofu in Herkimer county, New Toi>-^ 
in LSOI. and pitssed lii.s early lit« in that jdaee. In 1.S29 he 1%^. 
married to Laura AmirewH, and in the same year moved. 
Michigan. He came to Hadson in 1847. Mr. Andrews vt^i^ 
carpenter and took some imirortant bnilding contracts. He it^ 
one i>f the fii-st commissioners of St. Croix county nntler tz "^.p, 
stale government, and also one of the fii-st school directors, Z^i^. 
baft been an active and inlluenlial member of the Methrw^ i^ 
Episcopal church the greater part of his life. He has iK -»-t-^, 
sons, now liinng iu Nebraska, and one daughter, the wife or K 
I). H>LrdiDg, of Hudson, Wisconsin. Mr. Andrews died Jel* . .n, 

James Walstow. — HIi". Walstow was born iu Nottingl^a: 
England, in 181.5: wiis married there, and came to Hudson 
Ifrlfl. He removed to Nebraska iu iSM. 

JxiiEB Sandkrh was horn in Devonshire, England, in 13 JJ 
Ciime to America in ISII, and lived for years in New York. fn 
1844 he married Mary. Walstow, remove*! to 8t. Croix Falls lo 
1835 and to Hudson in 1850, where he opened and improvinl tbt 
iirst farm iu the present Ht. Croix county. 3lrs. Sanders dierJ 
Iu 1873. She left two sons. William and Walstow. Mr. Sanders 
i-emoved to Osceola in 1880. 

J. W. Stone was boru in Couneetienl in 1800. He came to 
Hudson in 1849 and opened the first store the ssime year. Ht) 
<1ied in 1860. 




.l«TSKPH BowKON wii« tHtrn Aug. 1. 1809. in E:^sex conuty, 
S(r» York. Hi* par^nl^ Mere from ^Tcwenstlo od the Tyue, 
KnglaiHL Ills mother wiis a member of the Somety of Frieuds. 
Shf ilktl u'ht'u Joseph was five yeara old, aud lif> wan rf>arei1 by 
hlioaut outU uiuetecu years of age, wheu he engaged in busl- 
vxm for himself in Lower Oinadiu Some lime afl:«rward he 
n-moviHl to the T7Dit(?il State** niul fibtaine^l work on the UJinois 
OMftl. He next removcxl t^ St. Louis, and from thence, in 1841, 
to Ht Croix KnlU. where he oeted a& clerk, scaler of logs and 
1 «iipcrlntcndent. He wus a member of the first state legis- 
gf Wlsironwii. ill 1S4S. \V. K. Slanihan had received the 

of election, but Mr. Bowron snc*;e8ftrully contest«d 

fl«s eldiitioh. 1»fr. Bnwroii reinove'd in 1848 to Hudson, where 

Imt Jitrfiult-tl Ui gfMienit eolleelioiis, aud HerveU iut juHtic^f of (be 

P««a'. In IS49 Mr. Httwron whk married to Celia Partridge, of 

tVilombia coanty, Wisconsin, who <lie<i three years later. In 

^f^i he was married to I{o«anua I'artridge, who died in 1S63. 

jMr. itoKTon died April tO, ISliS, leaving two children, who now 

F^deiu KazkMft. 

I JklosEB Pekix was born iu 1S16; came to St. Croix Falls in 
■^7 and to HudR'>n iu 1849. He was the first cxdlector of St. 
K^ltiix county. In 1853 he built a warehouse and saw mill at 
pitttehuid, Minnesota. The warehouse was burned, aud the saw 
Mil removed. In 1847 Mr. Vtffia removed to Sau Diego, Cali- 

I Jortx O. HKNNtNG was boru at Bcllofonte, Centre county, 

"T^ vanift, in 181!t. His j^jn-ut gnindfather was the firsi set- 

' r tint county. In 1825 his fiither removed to Ithaca, New 

iTcwk. and there the youthful Heuuing received his education 

[wft tbfl acsdeioy. During the evcitenient of the Jnekson admin- 

lifltntion he became an ardent r>eni{K'rat, and, that he might enter 

more fally into the political strife of the day, loarued the prlu- 

ter'i trade and devoted him^lf more or leas to newspaper work. 

He ri&ited the Mifisiwippi viijley in 1838, remained some time at 

Be Looia, Missouri, Springfield. Tllinois, Burlington, Iowa, and 

•one other places. In 1846 he established the Journal at Fond 

4n Lac, Wisconsin, mid in 1849 removed to Hudson. Wisconsin, 

•bifrt he still resides. He served eight years us register of the 

rmted fltat«<fl bind office at that place. He represented St. Croix 

wmty Iu the atwenibly of the Fourth Wisconsin legislature and 



has held many other posilioua of trust. Mr. Hcnning wa-* nia^^H- 
ried, Jan. 29, 1S40, to Ffdelia Bennet. Mrs. Henuiug died Jui^t^i^a 
27, 1886, aged sixty-six yuars. 

>Iu8BS S. GnwoN was born in I8lfi, in Livingston connty, Xe se^aew 
York. H«" rweivtid the rudiiuents of a common sehool pduc^^^iaca 
tion. He was engaged in mercantile pursuits a hii^e portion . 0/ 

his life. He settled At Sheboygnn, Wisconsin, in 1844, but -^ft^-^a- ^ 
wanl moved to Ftmd du Lue. He rei)resented Fond du T^ ~jnc 
county in the conistitutional convention in 1847. He waa tam^mp- 
pointed receiver of the United States land office at Hudson ia 
1S41I. In 1856 he was married to Carrie F. Oilman. During tz^=:4c 
Bebelliou he acted as payiuast<;r. United States army, and i m-w 
aaaigued to the department of Missouri, with headquarters Rt 
St. Louis. In 1878 he wiw appointed assistant in the sixth ^n- 
difor's office^ Washington, District of Oolnmbia Mr. Gibso'* 
has led a busy and useful life and has acqnittetl himwelf well if^ 
the varions positions of responsibility to which he has beeC*^ 

Col. Jam E6 Hughes.— Col. Hughes wtu* boro in Prince E*l 
wards coanty, Virginia, Oct. 12, 1805. He received a clossicsil 
edncatJon at HarapdonSydney College, Virginia, studied law. 
and was admitted to practice in Virginia. He came to Ohio in 
183G, and was elected to the legislature in 1838 aud 1839. He 
was married in 183!) to Elisabt^th Mather, in Jacloiou county. 
He remained in Ohio until 1849, imhliHliing suecessivelj the 
Jack»>tt Standard and the MeiffK Co*miy Telegraphy both Whig 
papers. In 1849 he came to St. Paul and brought with him th* 
first printing press and outfit in that city, and established the 
Minnesota Chronielp, which subsequently nnit-ed with the Btgiiier. 
The fii-st number bears the date June 1, 1849. lu November of 
the same year he sold his interest iu the Chronicle ttml Rt^iM«r 
and removed to Hudson, where he establislied the St, Croix Ban- 
tier, the first paper i)rinte<l and issued in the .^t. Croix valley. 
Mrs. Hughes wiis iissociat<-d with him in its management. Th«y 
snbsequently published the Hudson UepuMican. Mr. Hughes died 
at Hudson in 1873, lea\'lng a widow aud eleven children, Beven 
sons and four daughters. Of the sons, Eleazer is a f:irmer iu BL 
Croix county; Geo. R is eugageil iu the real estat^^ bustDew In 
St. Paul; Edwai-d P. is a lawyer in Anoka; JanieA 8.. a snrveyor; 
Chas. V. is manager of the Weatorn Telegraph Company; and 
Lucius .\. is a telegraph operator in St. PauL 




Daniel Anderson was boru in 1800, iu New York; received 
a ooinmoa school education, nntl removed with bis parents to 
Btlacoupin comity, Illiuois, iu ISM: was married in 1831 to Eliza 
Eoxsey: lived iu Dubuque iul847aud 1848, aud moved to llnd- 
bOQ in 1819, where he followed nierchaudisiug until 1876. He 
»B8 county treasurer in 1877 aud pari of the year following. 
He died July 1, 1878. Mrs. Anderson died in Septeinlter of the 
same year, leavinf; a daughter, Sledora. wife of Alfred Day, of 
Uutlsou, and one sou, Jari'et, now a resident in Montana. 

Alfred Day was born iu 1824. in Venuout, aud came to Hud* 
son in 1840, where he enga^feil in the real estate, farming and 
iirery business, ilr. Day was married in Hndson, to a daughter 
of Daoiel Anderson. He died in St. Paul. Nov. IS, 188<), leav- 
fog a widow, three sons and two daughters. 

Dh. Otis Hoyt. — Dr. Hoyt was born iu Sandwich, New 

aiampshire, Deo. 3, 1812. His pareutH were George and Mary 

^r^yt. Both grandfathers were soldiers in the war of the Revo- 

Jrxt.ion. He received a common school education; prepared for 

eolloge in the academy at Pryburg, Maine; gradaate<l at Dart- 

ir»«"nuh in 1S3J. and from Jeflersou Medical College, at Philadel- 

p>Vaia, iu 1836. He practiced his profession at Mason, New 

ES^unpehire, and Framingham, Alassachoaetts, until 1846, when 

U.^ eutered the service as surgeon Jn the TTnited States army 

Aixring Ihe Mexican War. In 1849 he came to St. Croix Falls, 

a-x»d practiced medicine. In 1852 he removed to Hudson. The 

•^ineyear be was eh-cted to the Fifth Wiscousiii legislature, as 

•"Seoiblyman. In 1 862 he entered the United Stat4« service as 

"*^B«>n of the Thirtieth Wisconsin Volunteer Infajitry, but was 

oo detaclie<1 service most of the time. For awhile he had charge 

**■ Uie hospital at Camp Kandall, Madison, Wisconsin. He was 

***tnining surgeon of 11.000 recruits, aud was medical director 

■* Bowling Green and Louisville, Kentucky. He was eminent in 

*** profession, yet public spirited, aud engaged at times, succcas- 

^uy. in real estate and niilroad ent-erprises. As a physician, it is 

^^y to his credit, that he was impartial to the last degree, aud 

*■ Prompt and punctilious in visiting the log cabin of the poor 

**n as the parlor of a state or government official. He was 

***ried iu 1837 to Mary King. Two children were born to 

Ibcm, Oharle« and Mary (Mrs. H. A. Wilson, dec<!as(Kl). Mrs. 

Buyi died at Framingham. In 1843 Dr. Hoyt wafi married to 



Eliza B. Kiiig, Kist<?r of Ma first wife. Their cUlldrcu are Ella 
Fmuccs, iimrritid tu Dr. Cbas. F. Kiug, HuiLson; Auuie, mar- 
ried to Dr. Eppley, of Xew Riutimoud; Hattie, maiTied to 

Wyard, Crookstoii, MinuesotJi.; Ida, a t«uJier at Stillwater, and 
Lizzie, married to lU^v. W. 11. Reynolds, of IludAoii. Dr. lloyU. 
died at his home in Hudson, Nov. 12, 18S5. Mrs. Hoyt di 
Oct. 1, 188G, iu Boston. MajjsachnscttA. Her remains wc 
brought to iliiiLson for l)urial. 

S. S. K. Fui.i-ES. — Mr. Fuller w:is born in Attl«boro. Maasa 
chusetts, in 181-i. He removed to Harford, PtMinsylvania, wit 
Lis parents when six years of age. Fie was educated at Harfor 
He studied law and was admitted to practice at Montrose, 
practiced at Great Bend, Pennsylvania. He came to Fond 
Lac county, Wisconsin, in 1S44, where he was seven years 
trict attorney. He came to Hudson in 1857, removed to low^ 
in 1$(>5 and dietl at T^tigan, }{arrisou county, Iowa, in ISni. 
was married to Clarissa A. Day in 1841, who with one son arm 
funr daughters, all married and reusident iu Iowa, survives hinr. 
He was district judge some ywirs for the St. Croix Valley dis- 

Mn.EsH. Van Meter was bom in Kentucky in 1810. H( 
received a common school eduuLtion and learned the trade of ft 
bnilder. He was married to Mary P. Lilsey, in Kentucky, in 
18-30. moved to Illinois in 183G and to Hudson in 1850. He his 
six sons and two daughters. Abe C. is editor of the St. Croix 
Republican at New Kichmond. Two of his sonsare iivUliuois, 
thre<* iu Dakota. Mrs. Van Meter died iu 1875. 

Pniup P. Jewell was born in Hopkinton, New Hampnhire, 
Oct. 25, 1816; was raised on a farm; obtained a trommun school 
education; in 1841 wasmarriinl to Hannah J. Fuller, and in 1847 
came to St. Croix Falls, where he lived nntil 1851, when he re- 
moved to Hudson. He engaged iu lumbering and pilotiog on 
the St^ Croix. At the beginning of the late war he enlisted in 
the Twelfth Wi8con.^in Infantry and served during the war. In 
lS74he was appointed inspector of logs and Inmber of the Fourth 
district. Mrs. Jewell died iu 1875. He married, as hia se<x>Dd 
wife, Ellen Restiaux. 

John Tobin.— Mr. Tobin was bom in Ireland in 1818. His 
father died in 1830, and he came with uu nucle to this country. 
He settled at Marine in 18^2, and in 1853 came to St. Joseph's 





township, where lie resided until his death, Jan. 22, 1880. He 
'vros morned in liUnois in 1S4S and his widow still lives at the 
old homestead. Of twelve children seven ai*o now living. 

SoBACE A. Taylok, son of Rev. Adolphus Taylor, of Nor- 
folk, New York, was boru in 1S37. His father died in 1842. 
fcn^ t the age of t-en yean* Hunirtt wha luirnlug his living on a farm. 
^^Kfe thirteen he came to Kiver Falln. Some time after he re- 
arne<l Knst and spent fonr years on a farm. Itetarning to Wis- 
iLSin he established a stage line between Prescott and Hudson, 
u ISO 7. with his brother Lute A., ho establisliod. the Kiver Falls 
■rTburna/, and, iu 1860, purchased the Hudson CAroHirfcand changed 
■tt* name to the Hudson Timfs. Finir yeJtrs ]nU*r the TimrH and 
fche XotiJi Star were consolidated nnder the title of tho Star and 
^tm^^. Mr. Taylor is a man of energy and enterprise aud has 
engaged iu real estate transactions on a large scale. He is a 
xuan of quick perceptions aud of ready wit aud has been hon- 
^Dred ^vith some important pnblic positions. He wha for some 
^me state agent of railroad lands. He wjis appointed consul to 
~MArHeilles by President Gnrfield in 18S1, but resigned the posi- 
tion in 1SS4. In 1S60 he was married to Lizzie Madden, of 

JEREWU-UI Whaley was boru in 1818. iu Castile^ New York. 
His father dying he aided iu caring for liis widowed mother. 
He was married in Pike oouuty. New York, iu 1839, aud came to 
Hadson in 1851, where he eugaged iu the mercautile and real 
estate bosioess aud acted as post muster. Mr. Whaley died in 
Hadson in 1S84, leaving a widow, two sous in Michigan, one in 
Pipestone, Minnesota, and four daughters. 

StMON HrxT was born in CanulHii, Maine, iu 1S2G. He livetl 
at home until seventeen years old; acquired a common school 
and ac:idemic edncatiou; served an apprenticeship of fire years 
at boot and shoe making in Georgetown. Massachusetts, and 
came to Hadson in 1851. He was married to Jane C. Arcj' in 
Miune in 1854. Mr. Hunt has served as mayor of Hudson and 
was forseveral years superintendent of schools. Mrs. Hautdied 
in IKSO. 

Jouy 8. MoFFAiT was born in Tompkins connty, New York, 
in 1814. He received a common school aud academic education. 
In 1844 he was married to Xancy Beuuett. He removed to Hud- 
sou in 1854, aud was in the land office several years. He is a 



lawyer by protesAion; has served thirteen years as police joHtire, 
aud eight years as county judge, 

James H. CiiiLDswa,s born iu Monteiir county. Peuusylvimia, 
in 1S25; came to WisconsiD iu 1S4S; settled in Uudson in 1.S49, 
and ongaKed i» the real estate and lumbering business. He 
was married to Elisabeth M<:('artney. in Hudf^on. IS60. 

William w.m born iu FoxcroR. Maine, in 1^16; 
came t« the St. Croix valley in 1850, and settled in Hndson la 
1854. Mr. Dwelley was an explorer, scaler of logs, and surveyor. 
He died April 8. 1SS5. 

Jam£8 M. Fulton. — The aucofito:-s of Mr. Fulton came from. 
Scotland and settled in Now Tork about 1770. His fiither servtfd, 
iu the ariuy during the war of 1812 and died while in the servioe. 
James M. Fulton with bis family came to Hudson iu 1854. when 
ho died, March 30, ia58, aged about forty -six. Mrs. Fultou BtUE 
Uvea in Hudson. 

Makcus a. Fultox, oldest son of James M. FuUoo, was boro 
in Bethel, Sullivan county, New York, in 182fi. He came with 
his panintti to Huilsun in 1854, and eugiiged with his brother in the 
mercantile and real e«tat«' businesH. He was elected to the sinU 
senate iu 1S6H and 18(i7. In 1S7S he was elected mayor of Hud- 
son. He has also served on the tK>ard of education, and as 
alderman. He wa.s nmrritxl in l8fi.S tii AuguHta Aiusley. who 
died in 1K7(>. In 1877 he was married to Adelia Pninces Ainsley. 

DAVin C. Fulton, second sou of James M. Fulton^ was born 
in New York, February. 1S3.S. He came to Hudson with bis' 
pareutA. and, after completiug a common school and academic 
bdncation. engageil in mercantile and real estate business. Mr. 
Fulton has been elected to various important positions. He was 
mayor of Hudson one term, supervisor of St. Groii county three 
years, member of the boaM of education, alderman, and mem- 
ber of the state assembly (1873). He served throe years during 
the Civil War as captain in the Thirtieth Wisoousiu Infautrj-, 
aud was promoted to position of mr^or. Since the war. he served 
six years :is one of the lioanl of managers of the Xatinnai Homo 
for Disabled Soldiery aud is now serving^ by appointment of 
President Clevelaml, as Tnited States marshal for Western Wis- 
consin. ^Ir. Fulton wa^ married in 1SG6 to Minnie Chanipliu. 

N. S. HoLDEN was boru in 1822; was one of the early settlers 
of the St. Croix valley, and for many years a citizen of Hudson. 





.^le followed surveying juid scaling, Ife die<l8ii(]tlenly, July 4, 
XS82. Ue left a M'idow. two sons and four daughters. 

WnuLlAM H. Semsies was born in Alexaudria, Virginia. He 
me to Hudson in 1851. and practiced law, as a partner of Judge 
cMillan, in Stillwater. Ho was a young man of great proiuise, 
t>Tst died early aud much lamented, Sept. 13. 1S54. 

Sterling Joxes was born in Steuben county, New York, in 
1S2'2. He removeil to Indiana in 18^3, and in 1835 was married 
to Klisabeth Sines. They removed to lielolt. Wisconsin, in 1847, 
a»acl to Hudson In 1S50. Mr. Joues died iu 1874. Mrs. Jones, 
fi^'e SODS and two dangbters arc still living. Edwin B. married 
* •iaugbter of Eov. W. T. Boutwell. Jerome B. mairied a daugh- 
ter of Rev. Wm. Egbert, of Hammond, and resides in Hudjson. 
3^^ lias Iweu sheriff and treasurer of St. Croix county aud has 
"^l<i town and city offices. The remaining sons, George K., Henry 
•*■- &nd Harvey J., and the dnnghters, Eunice M. and Sarah E., 
**^ tnarried and i-eside in Hudson. 

X>. R. Bailet was born April 27. 1833, iu Vermont. He at- 
**'*iOi'd Oberliu College. Ohio, and graduated in law at Albany 
^■•^w School, in 1859. Ho was collector of customs at Higbgate, 
^^rfnont. Trom 18G0 to ISOl. He practiced law at St. Albans, 

^rmont, ten years, and was state representative iu iSOfi aud 1807. 

*? *afi a delegate to the Republican National convention iu 

and a member of the 'Verniont senate from 1870 to 1S72. 


*^ made his residence in St. Croix county in 1877, where he re- 
*^<ied till 1883. when he removed to Sioux Falls. Dakota. While 
*** St. Croix county he engaged in farming, lumbering aud niauu- 

*Iestit C. Baker was born in 1831, in Genesee county. New 

k^**»"k: graduated at Albany University, New York, in 1854. and 
.^**^ adnntteil to the bar in 1858. and came to Hudson iu 1859. 
7^^ hsm practiced law continuously since; has also held many 

P^*^*'u and county offices; has been attorney of the various rail* 
^*'^lh cimtriug in Hudson, and is now attorney of the Jlinne- 
PoljK, goo St. Marie & Atlantic milroad. He was married In 

k^^^ to Ellen M. Brewster. 
^Ieht Herrick was born in Orleans couuty, New Tork, iu 
/^. He received a common school education. He came to 
^- Croix iu 1837: was uiarrifKi in 18.59 to Tyois V. Willard; en- 
\wtedat the beginning of the Civil War in theTbirtieth and later 



in the Fortieth Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, and fierved during 
the war. He hiis held the office of treasurer of St. Croix connty 
for six years. He is at present a member of the Hudson Lumber 

D. A. Baldwin, president of the West Wisponsiu railroad, 
built a fine re,sidence ou the shore of the lake, north of Willow 
river, in the latter part of the *50s, and did niiieb to promote 
the interests of North Hudson, whicb be surveyed intoviUagd 
lota in 1873. D. \. and H. A. Baldwin erected a commodioa» 
hotel in North Hudson iu 1S73. The hotel was subsequently 
sold to H. A. Taylor and removed to Hudson, where it wa« 
known iiB the Chapin Hall House. JMr. Baldwin removed from 
Hudson when the West Wisconsin railroad passed into other 

John Coustock was born in Cayuga county. ^Tew York, in 
1813. When he was twelve years old liis parents removed to 
PoQtiac, Hichigau. He here served an apprenticetihip of three 
years to a millwright, and afterward engaged iu busineeis at 
Pontiiiv until 1H51, He came to Hudson in 1$S*>, and wa8 city 
contractor six years. Iu 1S63 be founded the First National 
Bank of Hudson, iu whicli be b:is ever since been A director. 
Mr, Comstock has been engaged in many public enterprises and 
has been uniformly sncccesfiil. He is one of the most reliable 
and substantial of the bnsiuess men of Hudson. He waa mar- 
ried iu 1844. 

LuoiUB P. Wethehbt was born in Onondago connty, Xew 
York, October, 1827. At eighteen years of age, he went to W«- 
ton. Xew York, where he hludied law with Slartiu Grover and 
W. J. AngelL He waH married in 1849 to Sophia Autremontv 
and iu 18.^(1 i-emoveil to HniUion. In ISOObe wan elected judge 
of the Eighth district, Wisconsin, and served six years. 

JoffN C Spooner. — Mr. Spooner wag born in Lawrencebarg, 
Indiana, Jan. G, 1$43. He was educat«d at the district schools 
until 1859, when his father. Judge Spooner. removed to Madison, 
Wisconsin. This removal aflforded the son an opportunity of 
entering upon a course of cla.ssi(!id iimtruetion in the State I7ni- 
versity, whicii he wouUl have completed but for the Civil War, 
In 1S64 he enlisted as a privat* in the Fortieth Wisconsin 
Infantry. He did honorable duty at the front until compelled 
by siokneaa to retire from the anny. After having served a short 



tini« »s asaistitiit niaip libmriau. and ha\'iag beeu i i 

health, he raistnl a company which was attached to 
TiViscoasin Begimeat, and became ita captaiu. His rt ^tjut- wiw 
sent to thi» ilissouri river to do senrice among the Ii laus, and 
miA statiou«^l at Fort Eice, Da-kota. lu July, ISfiS, it was mus- 
ter^ onfc of tJie service. He then retnrDed to Madison aud coin- 
ffleueed the study of law, 

WheuGea. Lucius Faifchild was elected governor, Mr. Spooaer 
V8B chosen as hiii private aud military secrebary. He held this 
position for eighteen months, when he roaigiied and t'nt^n■ed the 
office of th*" attorney general of the State as a.s.^istant. lu 1S70 
he removed to Hndson and began a general law ijractice. The 
follovring yeflr he wm elected a member of the stat* legislature. 
"VThile a member of this body he vigorously championed the State 
TJnivemty, whith institution was at that time in sore trouble. 
His service iu this matter was afterward recognized by thegovt't- 
iior, wha apixiiuted liim a member of the board of regent'^ of the 
Biiiversity, which position hestill retains. He wasfortwelve years 
general solicitor of the West Wiscojisiu Railroad Company and 
the Chicago* St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Company. In JTay, 
IS^, be resigned. Mr, Spoorier stands deservedly high in his 
profession, and has (WMjniredeminouce also 09 a political speaker. 

The Wiaoonsin legislature elected him to the United States Sen- 
ate, January, 1885, and he at once took rank among the most elo- 
gaent and able members of that body. He is of small physique, 
not weighing over one hundred and twenty-five or one hundred 
and thirty pounds, has a dark complexion and a smoothly shaven 
&ce, and is possessed of great bodily as well as mental enei^. 

Thomas Pobteb. — Mr. Porter was born in Tyrone, Ireland, 
in 1830; received a common school education, and learned the 
trade of wagonmaker. He came to America in 1855; served 
three years during the Civil "War as a private in Company A., 
Thirtieth Begiment, Wisconsin Volunteers; moved to Hndson 
in 1871, and represented St. Croix county in the assembly in 

HERSiAN L. HuMPHBEY was born at Candor, Tioga county, 
Kew York, March 14, 1830; received a public school education, 
Tith the addition of one year in Cortland Academy; became a 
merchant's clerk at the age of sixteen, in Ithaca, New York, 
uid remained there for several years; studied law in the office of 



Walbridge & Pinch, van admitted to the bar in Jaly, 1854, and 
removed to HudHon, WiscoiiHin, where he commenced practicefl 
in January, 1855;\ra8Boon after appointed district attorney of St-.™ 
Croii county, to fill a vacancy; was t^pointed by the governor 
connty judge of St. Croix county, to fill a vacancy, in the fall of 
18(J0, and in the spring of 1861 was elected for the full term ofj 
• four years fi-om the following January; was elected to the atat4 
Aeuat'e for two yeais, and In Fehrnary, 1862, resigned tlin offl< 
of connty judge; was electwl mayor of Hudson foroue year; wa«' 
olcctedin thespring of 18n(; judge of the Eighth Jadicial circuit, 
and was re-elected in 1872. serving from January. ISOT, nntil 
March, 1877. He was elected a representative from Wisconsin 
in the Forty-fifth Oongrc6s as a Republican, and was rc-6l<^t«d to 
the Forty-sixth Congress. Duringtlie pastthree years he liasde- 
voted himself to his profession iu Hudson. Mr. Humphrey has 
been twice married. In June, 1856, he was married to Jennie 
A. Cross, in Dixon, Illinois. Mrs. Humphrey died in January,^ 
1880, leaving two sonis, Herman L., Jr., and \YiIliani H., audS 
three daughters, Fanny S., Mary A.., and Grace J. Mr. Humph- 
rey was married to Mrs. Elvira Dove, at Oswego, Kew York, 
October 1881. In 1S87 he served again as a member of the aa- n 
sembly. H 

THEcmOKB CCHJewEi.i. was lx»rn in 1819, at Wliitehall, Xew^ 
York. He received a common school edacation and leJirned the 
trade of a painter. He removed to Stillwater in 1848 and to 
Hudson In ISGl and to St. Paul in 1882, He was married to 
Angosta B. Kelly in 1855. His sou was for many years editor 
of the Hudson RrpHblican. 

FttANK P. Catlin is of Revolutionary and Connecticut stock.] 
His father entered the war of the Revolntiou at eleven years ot 
age Jis a musician. He served seven years. His diftchargi? is] 
signed by George Washington. Mr. Frank P. Catlin i.s the 
youngest of fourteen children. He was born in Sosquchani 
county, Pennsylvania, in 1815. He was married iu 1840 t< 
Elizabeth Dnbois, who died in 1852, leaving thi-ee sons, Charlt 
L., Frank K. and Fred. Mr. Catlin was married to his seconi 
wife in 1857, who died in 1872. leaving one sou, William "WS 
Mr. C-atlin moved to Green Bay in 1840, to Green Lake iu I8j4. 
and to Hudson in 1849, having 1>cen commissioned by Presidenffl 
Taylor as register of the Willow River land office. This position^ 



^Bie held four years. 5Ir. Catlin spent aorae time trarcliDg iu 
^tforeigu luuds. In 1S6S he rvmovetl to Uipon, Wisconsin, but re- 
■«urui»ri iu 1S70 to Hudson, where he still lives. 

CKAELta Y. Dexniston was bom iu Orauge county, New 

"Vork. in 1832; gi-adnated at rniveraity of Vermont in 18i>2; 

^iKlietl law in Iowa in lfi5S-.54, and came to Hudson in lS"i5, 

-where be engaged in real estate and insiiratioe business, in which 

ie has been quite successfnl. Ue w;is mairied in 18fl0 to Maria 

-A, Coit, of Hndsou. Mrs. Dennistou died Aug. 31, 18S6. 

A. E. Jefferson. — 3Ir. Jeffeiisoa came fi-oui Gouese*: county, 
"!Xew York, to Hudson in 1S50. For the past fifteen years he has 
<ifficiatMl fks cashier of the Hudson XuUunal Bank. 

Sami'EL C Symoxus was born in ISai, in Hooksett, New 
Hnmpshii'e. He graduated at the University of Vermont iu 
18r>2 and the ensuing year came to Hudson, where he taught 
school and studied law for thi*ee years and afterward engaged 
in the r«il estate business and subsequently officiated as couuty 
judge four yeai-s. He was married in 1860 to Mary C Bloouier. 
In 1886 he watt oonimissioned postmaster of the city of Hudson 
by President Cleveland. 

John E. Glovek, an old citizen and successful lawyer of Hud- 
aoo, has gained a prominent position amongst the solid business 
men of the city by his untiring industry, combined with rare 
jndgnicut and knowledge of men. In addition to his law busi- 
ness he is an extensive operator in real estate, flouring and lum- 
ber mills. 

Lb^ivel Xortu, a reliable merchant of Hudson, a public- 
spirtt4>d citizen and a kind hearted man, meriLs the respect which 
his townsmen aeconl him. He has l>een successful in bnsiness. 

EiK^AK XYP:,niuch better known under his uom d^ ptttme *' BiW 
Xye," waM Iwrn in IMH. When a boy he came West with his 
parents to Ihe Kinnikinic valley. Mr. Nye studied law aiid prac- 
ticed some years in Laramie City. Wyoming Territory, whei^e ho 
obtained a national reputation as a wit from his oonuection with 
the Laramie newspaper known as the Boomnranrf. Mr. Kye's 
mirth -provoking sket^he^i have l>ecn published in l>ook form. 
His parejits still live at River Falls 

WiixMSi ThomI'SO.v ruK'K."3Ir. Price was born in Bitrre, 
Huntington county, Pennsylvania, June 17, 1824. Afler receiv- 
ing a fiiilr education, he came West, and iu 1815 settled iu Black 



Birer Falls, WiseoiL>(in, nhere be at ouce entered upua tbi 
oi*tmi>:itioii of a lumberman. In 1831 be wa» elected tu thi 
a^f^^mbly ns a Deiuorrnt. bat on the organization of the Ilcpablii 
can party in 1H54. bo nuiletl with rhu organizfition, with wUicI 
he remained during the ludanco of his life, lo 1853 and 1854 he 
wafijud^e of Jackson coauty: in 1855 be was under sheritV. He 
vas a lUKUibcr of the slate senate in 1858. ISro, 1878, 1879. ISSO, 
and ISSI; a meml>er of the a&strinblyin 1882; \ras potloctor of 
iuti'rnal i-evenne from 1863 to 18»J5, and held many bjcal offi* 
in his conuty. For many years he M'as president of the Jaclc^ 
sou County Bank. In 1882 be was elected t^> the Forty-eight 
Congress; was reelected in 1884 to the Forty-uiuth. and in IJ 
to the Finieth. He died at his home at Black River Fall-s, Det 
6, 18SB. HewasnmanufimnieuHe energy and endurauc«; and wa 
ever ready to do hia full shiire of labor in all piacas. As a pnhJ 
Ho man he ncquitt<ed himself well. In addition to businasis U 
and energy, and practical common sense, he wa« n public speak< 
of aunsual readiue&s and ability. In private life he was agcnei 
ous hearted man, strongly attached to bis friends, and greatl] 
resi)ected for his sterling riualities of character. 

F*. B. BusDV. — Judge Bnudy was born in Broome county/ 
Kew Turk, in 1883. He reoeived a common school and academic 
educjition and attended one year at Hamilton College. Heij 
came to Dnnn county, Wisconsin, where he practiced law nntil] 
1877, when he was elected judge of the Eighth Judicial circuit, t<t\ 
which position he was reelected and is still serving. Hestauda 
high in (he e^limulion of hi^ associates and the people a» a judge, 
and not lesi« high in social life. 


This town is coextensive with township 29, range Ifi. It was 
set off from the township of Springfield and organized Dec. 3^ 
1872. Wm. Wbewell was chairmau of the first board of super- 



Located on the West Wisconsin railroad, on the west boand.- 
ary of the township, has a population of eight bnndred, aboat 
evenly divided between the Norwegian and American element\ i 
the latter being principally from Vermont. The BuUttin, a lively | 
weekly paper, established iu 1873, is pnblisbed by B. Peachmaa. 



T" ' ■ • :lni>o flepartments, wilh two bundrcflami 

• ■■^ _ iiid<M' tin- eiiulrol or Trof. J. E. Bniin- 

AnL The BCbool iMilldict; co^t ^4,(M>0. A aiata \yauk, organizt^l 

lu 1883. hiifi a capital stock of |?L^5.t>0ll. aud a Kiiriilas of #I2.:>00. 

F. A. Decker is cuiihier. BiiMwiu has one t'luvatui', uf T50.(AH) 

bculieiA mpacity, Iwo iiour luitU — one with a capacity of two 

bnndnsl iintl Itfly liarn'lH per day. huilt al a cost of #55.000; the 

iilhcr of out' huiulred and twenty-live barrels, at n cost of WO,- 

>; one creamery, one cheese factory, one tannery, a g"xid town 

ill. capable of scaling six handK-d persons, four good chnrch 

baiWiugs — Lutheran, Pi-csbjrterinu, Episcopal and Cougrega- 

lioiKil — juid over thirty sIom'm or t«hops. Tiie water supply i^ 

Kn\]ilr,the village being furuiwhed witU public cisterns and wells, 

ami Imviug an excellent fire department, with hook and ladder 

i-iihipiuiy. The village i» nurrouuUed by a rich agricultural 



b sttDiUed four miles east of Baldwin, on the West Wibcousiu 
r.Mlrotid. at the junction uf a iM-anih road extending into Pierce 
THiiHtj It is the centre of heavy lunilieriug operations*, aud Is 
i nourishing village. It has one church. 


CMy is the southeasteru township in St. Croix county, and 
.viujiii'.-* lowunhip 29, range 15. It is drained by Ean (ialle 
«,iitr;<. Amongst the fii-bt settlers were Irving Gray, Charles, 
JobD, aud Brazer Bailey. A post office was established near 
Oic KUtre of the town in 1860. D. C. Davis was first jiostmaster. 
A braDfh railroad tmverse« the town from northwest lo south- 
rM. There are two lumber mills. The town was orgauiited iu 
ISJD. The supervisors were William Holmau, Charles Palmer 
fttui Mead B.iiley. The village of BrookvlUe is on the west line 
o! I lie town. 


Uolading township 31, range 16, lies on Willow river. It is 
a ridi and populous towuship, consisting originally of mixed 
r^'iirieaiid timber lamls. The first settlement in this town was 
1 1"!'- la l.iJi'i. The «irly settlers were Otto Natgcs, J. Smith, 
B. Pooks. K. Jobuson, George Goodrich, 8. W. BeeU aud J. 



Tomliiiflou. The towu was organized in 1S59. The sapervisoi 
were C. A. Hall, elininiian; John Sweet mid .Fuliu Gllison. j±» 
poet office wan established in Iv^Ol, Mrs. John B. Gib^^on, potr^ 
mistress. Tl\e Wisconsin Centi-al railroad paises through ttiv 
southwest, and the Xortli Wisconsin through thenoithwi-st pi 
of the township. There ai-e four church buildings, one on 
tion 18, one near Cylou post O0ioe, and two iu Doer l*nrk villag— •- 
This village, a station located on the Xoith Wijioonsin railroai 
is a wheat buying centre of considerable importauoe, aod 
several business houses. The school house is oue of the 
buildings iu the couuty outside of Hudson. The Catholics 
Methodists have churches here. 

Township 2S, range 16, is drained by the Eau Galle and 
rivcrf^. We have not the date of the first settlemcut, but it 
amongst the earliest in the county. The first settlers were Wil- 
liam Holnmu, Andrew Dickoy, Joseph Baruish, and Uriah 
Briggs. The towu was orgauized in 1S5S, wiih the following as 

snpervisoi-a: Wm. Holman, Bal>coek, and — McCartney, 

A post office was established in 1S53, of which W. Holman was 
pustnuisler. Mr. Iluluian built a saw mill thesame year, the firet 
In the region. There are now six, mostly lumber mills. Tbib 
township is traversed from north to south by a branch of the 
West Wisconsin railroad. Wildwood, a thriving station on this 
road U the headipiarters of the St Croix I^aud and Lumber 
Company, a stock company with a capital of $300,000. The town 
nf Eau Oldie has one chun-h building belonging to the evaugvl- 
ical Hociety. 


Includes ti>wu.ship 30, range 16. It is drained by the waters of^ 
Willow and Menonionie rivftrs, and was originally covered with 
pine and hardwood timl>er. It was organized in ISGl. The 
WLifcuii»in t\'ntral ntili'OLid poises through the nortbeafit i>art of] 
the township and has one station. Emerald. A high monnd is aj 
oonnpiououH object near the centre of the township. 


Erin Prairie, township 'M), rangi' 17. lies on Willow river. 
John Cuaey entered the first land in ISM. The first house was 


IffliU on section 17, in May, 1855, by John Eing. Among the 
settlers of 1855, of whom there were about twenty families, we 
have the names of 5Iichael Hughes, Peter Qaeenan and James, 
IKehael and Thomas McXamara. The town was organized in 
1858, with the following board of supervisors: Richard Joyce, 
cbairraan; Alexander Stevens and Peter Qneenau, and Wm. 
Mc5ally, clerk. Richard Joyce was first school teacher and firet 

There are now two post offices, one at Erin Centre village, 
and the other at Jewett's Mills, two and a half miles apart. There 
are at Erin Centre one store, one wagon shop, one blacksmith 
shop, and a Catholic church; at Jewett's Mills a store, a saw, a 
planing and a flour mill, all run by water. There are six good 
school houses in the township. It is traversed by the Wisconsin 
Central railroad. 


Embracing township 31, range 15, occupies the northeast corner 
of the county. It is heavily timbered with pine and hardwoods, 
is a neT town and is fast being converted into an agricultural 
di!trict> VTillow river has its sources in this town. It was 
oi^nized Dec. 10, 1881. with S. D. Love as chairman of the first 
Nianl of super visoi-s. 


Set oft' from the town of Emei:ild at its organization in 1885, 
mbraoes township :iO, range l.\ It wa*; originally a piiio mid 
h:irilwiHHl region. Its wat(*i*s flow eastward into the Memmio- 
nif. Tlif Wisconsin Central niilroiul crosses the township fioui 
eW to west. Its only station is Gleiiwood. It is being rapidly 
! Mtlnl and has already some good farms and several saw mills. 
H. J. Baldwin was the chainnan of the firet hoard of supervis- 


Indudes township 2!t, ran^e 17. It is drained by tributaries of 
the Hush river. Of the first settlers were the Peabodys. James 
R-Isnioii, Kev. Wm. Egbert, Rev. George Spalding, 3Iert Iler- 
rick. .John Thayer, Mrs. Adams, John Xelson, and Thomas 
Byriit-i. Tlie town was organized Sept. 10, 1856, with A. G. 
Prtilxniy as chairman of supervisors and John G. Peabody, clerk. 
It is now a prosperous farming town. The West Wisconsin 
raiiroad passes through the south part of the township. 



Located on the line of this road, in BcctioDR 27 and 2$, has sev< 
huudivd iiihubitants. Itis si^uflted on a commanding «lovntio> 
giving lui t'xteuded view of tbu rich farming countrj* surruui 
ing it. It baa a hcIiooI house, built at a coat of 112,500. witt_ 
rooms for three grades, and oue hnudredand seventy-five Hcliola. — ^ 
one elevator of 20,000 bushels capacity, one first class hotcf, fc- — 
Gardiner House, Odd Fellows', Good Templars' and Grangers- ^ja»J 
halls, and three church buildings, with parsonages — the Catho~M^ ic, I 
Congregational and Stethodlst. Thevillagecontaiusaljouttweiz* ^^-j 
five stores and shops. The water supply, on account of the ^^^ ie- 
vatiou, is from wellsaud ciKt«rns. Rev. George Spalding |iii iii"l^ nj 
the first sermon and was the first merchant in the village. Hjf an. 
monil was ino()rporate*l Sept. 20, ISfiO. with J. B. Fithian as 
president of supervisors and John W. Owen, clerk. 

John Thaykr was boni in 1809, in Worcester county, M**^*»- 
chusetts, from which place he moved to Ohio, and, after residi^^^*^ 
there filteen years, ct^mc to Wisconsin aud settled at Hamino*'^" 
village. He has been twice uiarried, his second wife still liriD^^'* 
and has one sou, Andrew I*. The father and 8t>n are engsgHl ^^^ 
mtirehandising in Hammond. 

Bbt. Wm. EtiBEKT was born in 1815, In Oneida county, Ne""*** 
York. He obtained a common school and academic edncatlotf^^^^^^ 
He spent his early life iu New York City; came to Indiana!- -^ 
1837 and to Hammond, Wisconsin, iu lti5G. The first trial i- 
Hammond was before Mr. Egbert, as justice of the peace, i. -^ 
1S5G. He bos beeu for forty -one years a lucal minister iu 
Metltodist Episcopal church. He has b<*en twice married, 
second wife still living. He has four children. 


Hudson includes sections 7 to 3C. inclusive, of towusbi 
20, range 19. Willow river flows through the northweet 
The North Wisconsin aud WeKt Wisconsin railroads paasthfoc 
the township. It, is oue of Che handsomest and richeftt fiumli 
towuships in the State. It was organized as a town in 1849. C^ 
history is given in that of the county of St. Croix aud lu l*» 
biographies of iti; early inhabitants. 

James Erllt was bora at Osnabruck. Ireland, where 1^^ 
gr^w to manhood. In 1850 he come to Hudaon and locaicJ 

IN THE xorth"w:est. 179 

OQ A form, where he prospered, and became an honored citizen, 
lu 1S57 he married Catherine, daughter of Wm. Dailey. He died 
at Turtle Lake* Barron county, Wisconsin, of injuries received 
from a rolling log, Feb. 19, 188S, leaving a widow, three sons 
ind one danghter. 

Daxiel CJoit was born in Vermont in 1801. He learned the 

rradeof a house carpenter; came West as far as Galena, Illinois, 

jn 1S45, to St. Croix Valley in 1848, and to Hudson in 1850. He 

died in Baldwin in 1884. He was a man of eccentric manners, 

but upright life. 

Jakis Vibtue came to Willow Biver Mill in 1849, settled in 
:2>e town of Hudson, and died in 1874. 

ITeeodose M. Bradley was born in 1831, in Jackson county, 
^linois. He lived three years in La£ayette county, Wisconsin; 
;a.xne to Osceola Mills in 1850, and to Hudson in 1867. He has 
-zieAged chiefly in forming. In 1857 he was married to Margaret 
C\~i.lson. They have two sons and three daughters. Mr. Brad- 
L«f y died in 1887. 

'V'lLUAM Dailey was born in Cork, Ireland, in 1800; cam^ to 
Jk>xxierica in 1819, and settled in Hudson in 1849, where he lived, 
ft successful farmer, until his death in 1867. He left five sons 
"ViUiam, Guy W., Jacob. Edward, and Asa, all farmers, indus- 
trious and prosperons, all good citizens, and church members, 
all married and settled in St. Croix county. Guy W. repre- 
^.entwl St. Croix county in the state assembly of 1877. In 1866 
lie was president of the St. Croix Agricultural Society. 

Robert and William McDiakmid. brothei-s, came from St. 

Sttvens, ^ew Brunswick, and settled in Hudson in 1851, on a 

farm in sections 10 and 14. By industry and perseverance they 

i have liecome independent, and own fine farms, with blooded 

I si(»ck. improved agricultural implements, and all the appliances 

■ lorsuccessful farming. Robert married in 1857. and has three 

eons and three daughters. William married Laura Rabold, in 

1^'H'. and has three sons and four daughters. William has been 

ohiiinnan of the county board of supervisors several years. 

William Mabtin was born in Vermont, in 1800. In 1846 he 
moved to Janesville, Wisconsin, and in 1851 to Hudson, where 
he engaged iu farming. He wa-s an exemplary christian man, 
ami a memlnn* of the Baptist church. His sou, Geo. W. Martin, 
SQtcwds him on the farm. He died in 1885. 



Paschal Aldeich was born in the state of New York, !■ 
1820; came to lUiuojs with his parents ialS26; was married ir 
niinois, to 3Iarlha Hariisbt-Tger. iii 1841, and cjtme tu 3Iariiie i 
the same year. He rt'tnrutd, for a short time, to THiiioi^, an 
again moved to tlie valley ot' the St. Croix, settling at Hu 
in lS4ft, where he died in 1860, leaving three sous and fi 


Originally inclndetl nine towns of townships 27 and 28, from 
Croix lake east. By the setting off of Pierce county from 
Croix, the towns in township 27 were stricken off, and the ten 
tory has since been reduced outil comprised in township '2 
range 18. It is a wealthy argicultural township. Its sarfoce 

agreeably diversified with undulating prairies and high hit 
TheKinaikinic. a beautiful and dear winding stream, draii 
from the northeast. The famous Monument Rock, au ontlvM^ 
sandstone formation, is in the centre of this township. From HK 
BDmmit a magnificent view may be obtained of this fine farm^S 
region. The tarmers have fine dwellinps and barns, and '^ 
town has numerous school hnnses; one church is located on ■^^ 
tion 15. The history of the town, as far as we were able to ^ 
tain it, may be found in the biographies of the Mapes broth*^^ 

Duncan McGki-XiOR was born in Perth, Scotland, in It*— 
His educational advantages were limit-ed. He emigrated 
Canada while yet a youth, served seven years in the Bri-TJ 
Army, and was one year in Canada dimug the Fapiueaa Rv 
lion. Ho was married to Jane Horse, in Canada, Jan. 31, tHf 
and in 1849 removed to the United States and settled at Bin 
Falls, where he still lives on the bomef«tead which he pre-empt«C^ 
Mrs. McGregor was the first resident white woman, and Mr. M(S^ 
Gregor the second person who settled at the Falls. 

His mother, an aged lady living with him at the Falls, at od^^^ ^^x 
time found the house surrounded by over a hundred Siour^^ ^^^ 
Indiana, who commenced plauduring the garden of evBrylbing:"^^^--:ifl 
eatable. Mrs. McGregor bravely couCruuted and drove them ^^^^--^ 
ftway. The only crops in (he valley at the time were tfaotte of""*" 
Messra. Foster and McGregor. 

Mr. Gregor learned in early life the trade of a mason. WTjile 
A resident of River Falls he followed farming except daring a 
few years in which ho kept a hardware store. He ^as throe 


years coanty commissioner of St. Croix county. He has three 
diildren living, Roderick, Malcolm and Xe\ille. 

W. B. A.ND Jab. A. Mapes. brothers, from Elmira, New York, 
landed at Willow River Sept. 7, 1849. They proceeded at once 
with an ox team and cart, on which last was placed all their 
Torldly goods, to the valley of the Klnnikinio. Having selected 
a claim and erected a temporary shanty, William B. retnrned 
by river as far as Gkklena, for a breaking team^ wagon and plow, 
and other farm farnitnre and provisions, while James remained 
to make hay. After the brother^s return, a substantial winter 
cabin was built. The ensuing spring they broke ground and 
raised a £air crop, consisting of 80 bushels of oats, 200 of bnck- 
vlieat, 100 of corn and 100 of potatoes. The winter of their 
an-iTal, Duncan McGregor came to the settlement and spent the 
wi later with Judge Foster. In the fall of 1850 came Ira Parks 
ud family, and settled on lands adjoining the Mapes farm. This 
&txi.iJy and others were entertained by the Mapes brothers, with 
^nuine frontier hospitality. Among the fiimilies coming in at 
t^is time were those of Dr. Whipple, Mrs. Spragne, Lorenzo 
^^aggett, and the widow of Josephus Medley, of Stillwater. This 
year came also the Poraeroy brothers, Luke and Frank, from 
K'eTT York St-ate, and J. G. Crowns, James Penn, and William 
I'ozer. from Illinois. During 18.'51 several families settled in the 
^allt^y, among them James Chiniiucb and Elisha WaWen, from 
Oliio: Alanson Day and John Scott, from Peiiusylvauia; the 
Vfcrotlicrs W. L. and J. E. Perrin. single men, from New York 
Statt*. and Mrs. Lynch, from Illinois. Previous to the settle- 
ment of these families there were no young ladies in the town. 
TlMf arrival of fifteen young ladies, mostly marria.u:eable. pro- 
<\iiceil a llutter of excitement among the lonesome bachelors of 
t\ie colony, and the servicers of Rev. S. T. Catliu were soon called 
iuto requisition. The first couple married wsis James A. Mapes 
aud Eniiice E. Walden. in lSr)2. Tlie next year W. B. Mapes and 
Catherine Scott were married. lu 1S.")2 J. W. Mapes. a younger 
brother, joined the colony. In IS.")? G. W. Mapes located a 
Mi'ii(.'an War land warrant on adjoining laud. W. B., J. A. 
and C. W. Mapes had also Mexican War land warrants. 

In IStto J. W. Mapes sold his farm and returned to Xew Yoi-k, 
enlisted in the One Hundred and First Peniifsvlvaiiia Volunteers, 
anilsfrred through the Peninsular Campaign under McClellan, 



and afterward iu North CaroUaa, where he was eaptared at PI 
month, April 23. 1S64. and taken to Andersouville. where 
dieil, Jnnp 30, 1864. W. B. Bfape-s s()ld liis farm to Chaa. Dan 
and removed to Macon county, Minsisaippi, in 1866, at whic 
place he died in 1877. His widow and five children still re«ii 
there. C. W. Mapes ^old hts farm to Q. I. Ap Roberts, and ke 
store for awhile in the village, and in 1879 removed to 
county, Virginia, where he still resides. He has four chil 
living. Jaa. A. iMapes stiU reftides ou the old homestead. 
MapeH waH honored witli an eleution to the oflioe of treasurer 
St. Croix county in 1883 and 1884. 


Pleasant Valley includes the west half of township 26. ra 

17. It is drained by the headwaters of the Kiunikioic. 
first settlemeul was made Sept. 19. 1856. Among the &^ 
settlerH wereSheldon Gray, Asa Gray, 8. W. Matti.sou, and A 
Webster. The town was oi^nized March 30, 1S57, with P 
Btu-dick as chairman of supervisors. The first school 
taught iu 1857, by Miss Marj" Munsoo. A post office was esi 
lished in 1866 with Peter Hawkins as postin^ter. 


Bichmoad is a rich agricultural township, consisting ohi^^^^^7 
of undulating prairie laud. It isiucluded in township 30, ra«^ — \:xge 

18. Willow river flows diagonally through it from norlhea**-*^^'* ^* 
southwest. T\u' following pcraons settle*! within the pres**"-^^"^ 
limitfl of the town prior to 1855: Bben Qninby. Lewis Off*-— ^****' 
James Taylor, Harvey Law, Xormau Hooper, J. J. i^mith, . ^ 
8. Kinnie, W. R. Anderson, Francis Kelly, Clinton Boardm^^"**"' 
S. L. Beebe, the Beal brothers, B. P. Jacobs and B. W. Daroi^ ^ley. 

The town of Richmond was organized in 1857, with the folio 
ing officers: Supervisors. Robeit Philbrick. chairman; C j 
Boardman and Harvey Law; clerk. W. M. Deusmort;; assesiO*^^'^^'' 
W. R. Audei-son; treasurer, G. W, Law. The first post office ^^** 
was established at the house of Joel Bartlett, who served 8^*- ^ 
postmaster. This post office was known as the Richmond pog^^^^ 
office. It was a small affair. The first mail, brought on p. ' 
mule's buck from Maiden liock, contained butr one letter. Th^^ 
first quarter's commission amounted to but one dollar aud fifty-^ 




aiine euuLs. The postortiue civse codtciiiied but four boxes, five by 
BIX iiichcB in size. This case is pceMervod at the Jtrpublican office, 
UA au iiitt^reitiiig relic. Small as vmn th(< otBw, and iiU'iigri; as 
"werH the rwreipta, tlie postiuv^ter was :ible to employ ;i deputy, 
[F. W. Bartlett* By way of agreeuble contrast we give the com- 
anission Tor the first quarter of 18S6 n8$t!74.S9. 


Ha located on the eiist bank of Willow rivnr and near thy west- 
rn bonndarj' of Riohnmnd. It isationrishing village. Us public 
~bDildings are a Methodist church and a large school house. 
.~Boardman has a good dour mill. Everythiug iu the village 
t>tt6j>cak.s cDt^rprise and thrill. 



Was platted byGridley & Day in 1S57, and, together vith Fre- 
mont villag**^ platted by Henry Unssell, was incorporated in the 
Tillage of 


iaL87S. The first officers of the new village were: Tresident, 
T. W. Rartlett; trnstwes. B. 0. B. Foi*t*r, Wellington IMeroe. 
Tho-i. I'ortrf^r, Peter Schore, S. M. Bixby, Geo. C. Hough. 


Was inuor[}0ral:e<1 iu L884. It includes the northwest quarter of 
aectioD 2 and the northeast quarter of section li of township 30, 
range 18. and the sontb half of section 3fi, township 31. range 
18. This lftlt«*r half section originally belonged to Star I'rairie. 
but is now attacht.'d to New Richmond. The first election was 
held April 8. 1884. at which the follo^ring officers were elected: 
Pretddeut^ Ward S. Williams; aldermen. First ward, F. W. BarC- 
lett, Geo. A. Gaull. Th. Gaskell; Second ward, A. L. Grcatoa, 
A. H. Steveus, .1. C. Sabiue; Third ward. John Ilalversen, D. 
H. Dodge, H. F. Pall; treasurer, Tj. Tufl; clerk, W. F. McXally; 
ameesoT, D- A. Kennedy. 

The city is beautiftiUy located on ft level prairie. The strwts 
uv from eighty to one hnndrcd feet wide and bordered with 
maple, elm aud boxwood trees. The city lots and grounds at- 
tached to the residences arc beautifully adorned with shrubbery 
iod llowers and are without fences. The comiuous and nnocca- 

184 FrPTY TEABfl 

piert spaces in the city are covered with a laxn riant growth of 
white and red clover, flUiug the air with its pleasant odor, aud 
Boggesting the title of- ''Clover City.*' It has many fine bnsi- 
ness bnildlngs and tasteliil residences. It iR iu the roiclst of a 
fine farDiing country, on the banks of a bcantifal stream. Wil- 
low river, and two railroads, the North Wisconsin aud Wiscou- 
siu Central, furnish abundaut meaus of couiiuuuieatiou with the^ 
outer world. Tt has one Hteaui saw mill vnXh. a wipacity of 60,- 
0(W feet per day, and a water power flour mill with a capacity «fj 
one hundred barrels per day. 

The Bank of Xew Richmond was organized in 1878, with a 
paid up capital of ^5,000. Iu ISSo the bank did a business of 
about *8, 000, 000. The bank had a surplus in 18S6 of 89,000. j 
It has an extensive agfitcy in tloar. wheat and other agricalti 
products, also iu lumber aud real estate. The officers arc: 
President, F. W. Bartlett; vice president Mathias Frisk; cash- 
ier, John W. McCoy. The annual business of the city amoants| 

The city has a high school, established in 1SS4, with six de- 
partments. The building cost :*ll',0O0. The Baptists, Catho- 
lics. Cougregatioualistfi, Episcopalians, and Methodists hav< 
church bnildings. 

There are several fraternities here, including the Masonic th« 
Odd Fellows, Good Templars. Women's Christian Temperai 
Union and Catholic Knights of St. John. There arc also a h< 
aud ladder company aud a library associatiou. There are t\ 
Cemel(/nt«, one belonging to the masouic oi*de'r. 


BE.v.rA5rTN B. C. Fostee was born in New Portland, Maim 
In 1810. Arhen seventeen years of age he iMjught his time of his 
father and comnience<l life for himself. lie lived eight years in 
Atkinson, Maine, where he taught school and engage<l in fann- 
ing. In 1842 he was marrie<i to Charlotte S. Gilnian. In lS53fl 
he weut to California where he remaiued thrwj yeare. He earned 
to New Richmond iu 1855 and built a saM' mill aud dam, aiid a 
board shanty in which he lived with his wife and two ehlldreo^l 
Around the mill has since growu up the beautiful city of Xeim 
Richmond. The first school taught in Xew Richmond was taught c 
at the house of Mr. Foster by Amauda Dayton. In. his hoiise«s 

organized the first Snnday school, the first sermon was 
?^^ached in it and the first school meeting was held there. 
r-^^BEBT Philbriok waf^ boni in Old Town, Slaine, in 1S14. 
iearued the trade of a millwright, and in 184" moved to North 
- ^:isou. He was married in 1851 to Frances Cook. They stood 
raft, afloat in llif St. Croix river, jost h«lowthe Falls, while 
Smith, of Tayh»r's Falls, performed the cen^moijy. Mr. 
Shriek removed to New Richmond and built a frame house 
S55. The house is still standing. One daughter of Mr. Phil- 
=k is the wife of D. L. Nye. Amnziah, a son by his first wife, 
stonemason. Alice M.. daughter by Ms first wife, is mar- 
to John 3IcGregor. Mr. Philbrick died prior to 1863. 
M •TypKy CoouDS came to New Richmond iu 1855. built the 

hotel in IS56, and some years later moved away. 
^•^=^_iiEN QciNBV wa-s l)orn in Llalwu. New Hampshire, in ISOQ, 
*^ ciune to New Richmond in 1S49, wh*^re he has since contiuu- 
*^fc^ y been engaged in farming. In 1.S65 he was married to 
, Philbrick, widow of Robert Philbrick. 
:ewt8 Oaks was born iu Sangervllle, Maine, in 1826: came 
iu lS4t) and to Now Richmond iu 1854. Hf is a farmer. 
EXRT RessELL was boru in Vermont in 1801. His ancestors 
*'^-^^^l«: part in the Iteroliition. He was married In Vermont, lived 
nteen years in New York, came to Hudson in 1853, and to 
Richmond in 1657, where he bought tho pre-emption made 
""^^ ^teobert Philbrick, and had it sorveyedand platted as thevil- 
^ of Fremont. He died iu 1878. Mrs. Russell survives him 
*i is now C1S86) eighty-five years of age. Their sous Alexan- 
*" and Austin are prominent citizens of New Richmond. 
•^CiKKHH D. Johnson was born in Huron county, Ohio. May 
'^ 3839. From eight ycjtrs of age he was thrown upon his own 
nrces. The greater part of his youth was spent in Michigan. 
X^8 he removed to Winnebago. Illinois where he married 
^**cella L, Bossell.' He settled at New Richmond in 18.")3. One 
**■► Ezra O., is editor of the yorlhcestem TftM, at Hayward, 
*-^*conmn. and ouh daughter is marrit^ to Frank F. Bigelow. 

^3EL Bartlett was horn in Hebrou, Maine, in 1804. He re* 

_ i-'ed an academic education and t>ecame a teacher. He was 

^^ **^ Kscipnl of a high school in Bath, Maine, before he was twenty- 

j^^*^** years of age. In 1825 he went to Harmony, Maine, where 

^^ "^^as engaged in lumberiug until 1848. In 1830 he was a mem- 




ber of the Mnine 1(!>gislatnre; in 1849 and 1S50 he followed Iqik:^ 
bering- in Fairfield, Maine, and then removed to New Tor— ~ 
when* he lived six years. In IS5S he came to Xew Hichmon 
where he haj* since led an active business life- 3Ir. BartleLt w 
marrie<l in Maine in 1826. One of his sous. J. A., is a Preal*- 
terian clerRyman in CentreviUe. Iowa. He graduated at Wat 
ville College. Maine, and practiced law three years in New Yo 
City bufore entering the ministry. 

FeascwW. Babtlett, tbe aecond son of Joel Bartlett. ww-^. 
born in Maine in 1S37. He receiveil an academic e^iutsilJori.^^;^ 
and ha* been an active and successhtl hnsine{^s man. He cam^^^ 

to Xew Richmond in 1858, and served as register of the land 
office at Bayfield from 1S61 to 1867. He was married in 1807 to 
Mary J. St*wart. of Pennsylvania. He was engaged in the coal 
trade iu Milwaukee three year». aud twoyea^rsat Detroit and 
Toledo, but returned to New Bichmoud and is now president 
of the New Richmond Bank, and dealer in farniture, hardware, 

George C. Hough was horn in Fairfax ooanty, Virginia, in 

. He has led a somewhat ailventnrons life. He served 

awhile as a iwldior in the Black Hawk War under Gen. Dodge. 
Afterward he went to Missouri, graduated at the State Uoirer^ 
sity, and engagtHi in leail mining and pruspt*cting. He went to 
California in 18H2. where he practiceil law. He returned in, 
1876. and located in Richmond where he still re«ides. 

Sii»V8 .Stai'LFS wa.-* born in Lisl>on. Maine. Sept. IS, ISU. Hfti 
came to Hudson. Wisconsin, iu 18^4, took charge of tbe Willow^ 
River milln, buying a tiuart^r interest at 9*20.000, including 5,< 
acres of land on Willow river. In 1856 he sold his interest 
Jewell aud B«Klie. of Maine, for Wo. 000. aud for three years car- 
ried on a banking business iu Hudson. In the winter of i: 
60 he removed to New Richmond. In 1861 he returned to Haditoi 
aud put up a shingle and lath addition to his saw mill. He built 
a tiouriug mill at New Richmond in 1864. He built la^^e daaw 
on Willow river for driving logs, and carried on lumbering 
oi>crati(»ns until 1868. when he removed to Canada aud carried 
on milling and Inmberiug «uterpriscs fuur years, at Collins' 
Iplet^ Georgian bay. In 1873 he returned to Hudson and to 
farm, and was also engageil with Mr. Gib«oa iu mercantile buai- 
neas. In 1873 he returned to New Riehmond, aud, buying a 





half interest in the mill, took charge of it for one year, then 

/i^zuoved to Stillwater and took charge of his brother's (Isaac 

Staples) saw mill. 

Xo 1875 he removed to Elk Biver, Minnesota, and took charge 

of A farm. The next year he retarned to New Richmond, where 

he settled his family and bonght a half interest in a saw and 

gr±st. mill at Jeweltown. He also bailt an elevator there with a 

c»& paucity of 20,000 bnahels. 

'^kXi. Staples was married in 1837 to Hannah Williams, of 
B4=»'vv-doinham, Maine, who died in 1838. He was married in 
[ :=%-^X to Abigail Aon Rogers of Oldtown* Alaine, who died in 
Xk^ spring of 1SA5. He was married in the fall of 1846 to Kancy 
[3> . Oilman, who died in 1873. He was married to Mrs. Nancy 
^. .Jamison in the fkll of 1874. He has six children, Charles A., 
Si.l£«sG., Xellie B., Nettie, Edward P, and Lizzie O. 

"^3exbt M. Mubdock. — Dr. Mardock was born at Antwerp, 
^^ei'w York, in October^ 1823. His father, Dr. Hiram Mardock, 
XE&dvTed to Ganning, at which place the son attended school till 
la.^ "was fifteen years of age. The father moved to Falaski, New 
'Vork. Henry studied medicine with his father until he was nine- 
t«^n years of age, then attended medical lectures at Gastleton, Vir- 
gE'ixiia, where he graduated at the age of twenty-one. After prac- 
tieing three years at Dexter, and after a co-partnership of seven 
yesirs with his father in a drug store at Pulaski, he came \V(iSt 
an<i settled in Stillwater, where he bought the drug store aud 
business of Dr. Carli. In 1S58 ho went to Taylor's Falls and 
l»ni,<*tir(Hl mediciue until the spring of ISHO, when he removed 
t«j Hudson and formed apartnei"ship with Dr. Iloyt. In the fall 
of iSm he acceptetl the position of tussistaiit surgeon of the 
Eighth Wisconsin, and served during the war. having been pro- 
moted meanwhile to the positiou of brigade surgeou. In 18H(> 
"he remove<l to New Kichmoud, where he has since resided, hav- 
iug now retired from business. He was twice married, in 1845 
to Cornelia A. Sandford, who died childless, and in 1865 to 
Sarah J. Allan. His children are Cornelia A. and Henry A. 

Stevex N. Hawkins wjus born in Galway, Ireland, Dec. 2(>, 

1S46. but while he was a mere child his pan?uts emigrated to 

America; remained a few years in Connecticut; came West in 

iNw, and made their home in Pleasant Valley, St. Croix county. 

His early life was marked by the usual vicissitudes of life in a 



new oonntry. Ue tried for a time various occupations — fai 
work, rafting, Hawing lumber, teaching, and, during the lat.- 
moDths of the war, was a volnnteer soldier. Ue managed 
eccore a good education in the common schools and at the Kivi^r- 
Palis Academy. He studied medicine and surgery a few moDt3i 
but devoted himself chiefly to teacliing until 1872. when 
engaged in a mercantile enterprise at which he conliuued fc~J 
years, but at the close of that period found himself oblige<M^ 
sospeud, with an aggregate of #5.000 against him. This 
afterward paid, but he coucludcil, perhaps wisely, to chaoge 1 
occupation. He studied law, and was admitted to the bar, Jib. ^ 
1876. In this profession he has achieved an enviable SU( 
In 1872 he was mairied to Margaret Karly, of All^hany oonca.'C^^I 
New York. They have had four children, the first of wl*.i ^^ 
died in infancy. 


Occnpies the ea»t half of township 28, range 17. The first settJ — ^-*'^ 
ment was made in 1850. The following came in tS50-Al : Dani'^ 
McCartney, Ajnos Babcock, Joseph King, Stephen Claggitt bi 
Z. Travis. The town was set off from Kinniklnic and organizes- — -^^^' 
in IS."!!, with Daniel McCartney as chairman of the lK>ard of sL^"^ 
pervisors. At his house wiia held the first election. 

Woodside has one churcJi and several buildings^ is near thi^^ 
centre of the town, and Xew Centreville in the southern part. 
The date of settlement is second to that of Hudson. It was 
travei-sod by the old Hudson and Prairie du Chien stage route. -^ 
It was originally a mixed timber aud prairie district. 


Occupies sections 1 to IS. inclusive, of township 30, range 19, ^ 
two eeotious of towuship 30, range 20, aud all of township 31, « 
raugi^ 19, lying east of tbe St. Croix river. The sur&oe is gener- -^ 
ally undulatiug, but along the St. Croix and Apple rivers abrupt -^ 
and hilly. The first settlers were French colonists at Apple ^ 
River Falls in 1.S51. They built a school house and CathoUe — 
church upon the blnflfs below tbe falls. Tbe latter is a cou- 
spicuons object as seen from the St. Croix river. The fiklls of 
Apple river, about oue and a half miles ab«)ve its junction with 
the St. Croix, is one of the finest of the Wisoousin waterfalls. 
Apple river ti-arvrscs tbe conuty from northeast to soalhveet. 




T'li.^a Wisconsin Central railroad ci"oss*?8 the sontheru pait. The 
to^*'" » of Somerset was organized Sept. 19, 1S56, with Thomas J. 
^*»-*»-pp^II us chairman of Bupervisonj. Mr. Chappell was also 
*'-t*i*<iime»i potitmofiter in 1854 at Apple River Falla, 


'--•*^*-<:»«U«d aboat three miles above the Falls, has a good improved 
■r power, a flour mill with a capacity of one hundred and 
barrels per day, and a saw mill, built and owned by Oen. 
Uarhmau, th^ founder of the village. In 1>S56 a church 
school house were erected at a cost of about ^12.000. 
^AtfC£L HjLRBiUA?T. — -Gcu. Harrluian was born iu Orland, 
inc. He spent four years iu Califoruia, engaged in mining 
•••^^i lumbering, and dug the second ftinal iu the StJite forsluiciug 
I* ^*- *^"^K)ee8. He came to Somerset iu 1859, and has ever since made 
*^ XaJs residence. He is one of the founders nnJ platters of the 
TX^kge, and bnilt most of the houses, including the hotel and 
o stores on the east side of Apple river, and all the dwelling 
«:%£es on the west side. Ho has been remarkably successful in 
>^ vaiious pursuits to which he has turned his attention, and 
well be considered a man of remarkable executive ability. 
^ lias a &rm of five hundred and (ifty-five acres* Aud his agri- 
It-ural and stock pruducts are setwjiid to n4)ne. As a lumber- 
o he has out 3,IW(>,000 feet per year. He hiLs a rotary Kaw nijll 
fcl] a plauing, lath aud shingle mill attached, and under the 
'X-Ke roof he has a flouring mill and si:: run of stone; he has n 
^^e store in which he keeps a general st-ock of merchandise; 
' Jias also a cooper shop, where he makes his own barrels, a 
x^chouse and a blacksmith shop. He has also an exoellout 
sue quarrj' ou his premises. 
^^Ve look iu vain for his name Iu the Wiscoosiu blue book, or 
<:>ng the list of oflBce holders. He has bt^eu too busy to turn 
■"*-*3e iu quest of politiiail preferment. "We I>elieve, however, 



*»-t he was commissioned as notary public by Govs. Taylor and 

^*^*-*-ith. HTien men were neetled for the defense of the country 

^*^ left his interests to eolist as a private. His military record 

**^ V)rilhant. He enlisted in Company A, Thirtieth Wi'scoasiu 

^ ^>laiiteer luiantry, Juno 10. 1S62, was made captaiu ou the 

^**'Hamzatiou of the company, which i>ositiou he held till Feb. 

'^^ ISdt, when he was commissiouBd colonel of the Thirty-seventh 



Wisconsin Infantry. This regiment was recruited by Col. Hai 
mau, Ixe having been commissioned for that pai*p08e. Its sernc 
on many a hard fought field, and especially about Pet^rebnrg, 
a matter of well known history. Its most memorable actj« 
occurred on the thirtieth of July, Just after the explosion 
the mine nnder the enemy's fort. Col. Harrioiau, with t~ 
Thirty-seventh Wisconsin, was ordered to occupy thedismautl- 
fort., which he did under a heavy fire, and the walls had be- 
so leveled as to afford but slight protection from the enem>^ 
batteries. "While in possession they repelled all attempts t-o di 
lodge thetn until four o'clock the next morning, when, reoeivi: 
no support, theThirty-seventh Regiment, 

"All that was left of them." 

fell back to the line. At roll call that evening, of two hundret/- 
and filly men that auswered to their names before the action, 
only ninety-five respuuded. The remnant of the regiment was 
attached to a new brigade, of which CaA. Harriman was ooni- 
missioued commander. On the t«nth of Soptember, th« w 
havingendwl, the tattered flag of theThirty-seventh was retnrnwl 
to the governor of the State and Urig. iitu. Haniman returned 
to private life and his business ent«rprise8. 

The general is a genial, kind hearted man, fond of a good joke 
and story, even though they are at his own expense. He nar- 
rates of himself, that when mustered out of the service at Wash- 
ington he was addressed as General Harriman; on his way home 
he was sainted as coIoHei\ when ncaring Wisconsin, he was hailed 
as ninjor; in the State, s^ cuptain; in St. Croix county and at 
home as Mr. Harrlmau; when met by the boys, they greeted kim 
with '* Bdh, Sam:" 


Includes the three lower tiers of sections of township 30, range 
l\), fructiuiis of range 20. and the six upper sections of township 
1K», range 19. Willow river traverses the southeast corner. The 
surface varies from undulating to hilly, lu the eastern part of 
the tjiwn is Italsani lake, a picturesque body of wat«r two miles 
in length. There are also two high elevations of land, or ridges, 
that servo as conapicnons landmarks. The earliest settlers came 
iu 1S50, and located on forms in different parts of the town. St. 
Joseph was organized in ISoS. The North Wisconsin railroad 
pussce through the southeast corner of the town. 





Opposite Stillwater, ou the shore of the lake, is a platted vil- 
lage known as Hoalton, which has improved much diiriug the 
last few years. J. S. Anderson & Co. built a large saw mill at 
this place, which haa changed ownership several times. The 
^dences of the village are on the high bluffs overlooking the 
lake, and commanding from a point two hundred feet above the 
Jerei of the water a most magnificent view, including Stillwater, 
Godson and Lakeland. 


Is situated ajKin "Willow river, just above the Falls. Joseph 

^o^BTTon and others built a mill here in 1851. The mill property 

cbaaged hands many times, and finally passed into the hands of 

fiurkhardt. In March, 1887, the mill was consumed, with a loss 

to ;^rT. Burkhardt of ^100,000, an immense loss, representing the 

eAroings of a lifetime; but with tireless energy Mr. Burkhardt 

ir^rit: to work rebuilding, and, it is to be hope<l, will soon re- 

QStcklDUsb his thriving business. There is one church near Burk- 



its organization in ISOO, embraced its own territory and that 
ot~ 13aldwiu, sot oft' in 1872. It now includes township 29, range 
"1.3. It wiis originally covered with pine aud hardwood timber. 
'Within the htst few yeai-s it has been improved aud much of 
■ttie timber land is used for farming. It is drained by the head- 
■wattra and tributaries of Rush and Meuomouie rivers. The "West 
"Wisconsin railroad passe-s through the southern tier of sections, 
aud u branch road, leading southward into a pine district, has a 
jxinction at Hersey. Most of the early settlei-s were Union sol- 
diers. Among them were S. T. Adams, Thomas Ross. Isaac Bur- 
gitt and Capt. Rogei-s. Springfield wa.s organized Xov. 15. l.SfiU, 
with J. R. Ismon as chairman, and Perrin aud Hall as supervisors. 


The Tillage of Hersey, located ou section 28, is a station ou 
the West Wisconsin aud branch railroad, has a lumber mill, 
and is a flourishing village. 



Section 35, is also a station on the West Wisconsin road, and an 
important manufacturing place. The village is owned and con- 
trolled by the Wilson Manufacturing Company, which has a 
capital stock of $150,000. There is one church in the village. 


Was set off from Star Prairie and organized Dec. 30, 1870, with 
Trueworthy Jewell as chairman of supervisors. It is a rich 
prairie town, well drained by the waters of Apple and Willow 
rivers, and well cultivated. The North Wisconsin railroad 
passes southwest to northeast through this town. Star Prairie 
village lies partly in this town and partly in the town of Star 
Prairie. There are two church buildings in the town of Stanton. 


Township 31, range 18, was organized Jan. 28, 1856. At its or- 
ganization it included township 31, ranges 17 and 18,and north half 
of township 30, ranges 17 and 18. The first election was held at 
the house of B. 0. B. Foster, in New Bichmond. Apple river 
flows through the town from northeast to southwest. Cedar 
lake, in the northeast part, furnishes at its outlet a good water 
power. Among the first settlers were the Jewell brothers, Ridder 
and sons. 


Is located near the outlet of Cedar lake and on the stream by 
which the waters of the lake are borne to Apple river. It has a 
large flouring mill. 


Lying partially in sections 1 and 12 and partially in Stanton, has 
a saw and flouring mill, a hotel, a school house and two churches, 
with some fine residences. 

Hon. R. K. Fay, born in 1822, came from New York to Wis- 
consin in 18-49, locating at Princeton, where he resided for nine 
years, most of the time engaged as the principal of the high 
school at that place. He was a man of sterling character, who 
is remembered iis an able teacher and public spirited citizen. 
He h:is been assemblyman from Adams and St. Croix counties, 
and a county superintendent of schools, and has taught school 


forty-nine terms. When a member from St. Oroiz ooanty, he 
infeiodnoed the bill reqairing the oonstitations of the United 
BtiiteB and of WiMonsin to be taught in the common schools. 
He died at his home in Star Prairie, Jan 6, 1888. Five sons and 
fire daof^itensarviTe him. His wiib died about three years ago. 


IVnniBhip 2^ range 19, and fractional township 28, range 19, 

emriflting of aboat three sections, lying along the shore of Lake 

StL Crcdx, has a fine frontage of bluflb overlooking the lake, with 

iiobs lorel prairie lands stretching away eastward. The Kinni- 

ifnie river flows through the southeast corner of the township. 

U insorganised in 1861 as Malone, the name having been chosen 

hf tiie Ferrin brothers, who came from Malone, New York, in 

USX * The narne^ some years later, was changed to Troy. Hie 

Hanson & Ellsworth railroad passes diagonally through the 

torvniddp from northwest to southeast. 

^S%e village of Olenmont, section 25, township 28, range 20, 
tte^ontheahoreof LakeStOroix. It contains a large saw mill, 
biKilt by the Lord brothers. It has since changed hands. 

^le village of East Troy, in section 86, has recently been an- 
Bfifzed by legislative enactment to the city of Biver Falls. 

James Chinnock, the first settler in Troy, was born in Somer- 
Betahire, England, in 1810. He officiated twelve years at Bristol 
Harbor, England, as superintendent of docks and vessels. He 
was married in England to Harriet Owens; came to America in 
1S41, lived in Ohio until 1850, when he came to Hudson and 
immediately located a claim within the present limits of Troy. 
He raised the first crop in the town, and bnilt the first honse, of 
fltone, for greater protection from the Indians. Mr. Chinnock 
made his home upon this farm until his death in 1870. He left 
a widow and four sons, three of them farmers in Troy, One 
»n, James T., has been register of deeds for St Croix county 
from 1885 to 1888. 

William Lewis Perein was bom in 1825, and with his 
brother etune to Troy in 1851, where he has since lived. He has 
bees s sncceesfnl farmer and public spirited citizen, and has 
filled offices in the town organization. He was married in 1855 
to Jalia F. Loring. They have three sons and one daughter. 




Township 29, rauge 18. is a rich prairie town, drained by the 
tributaries of Iviniiikiuic and Willow river. George Longworth 
and family, of Waukegim, Illinois, settled here in October, iSo5^ 
Id the year following, Lymnn and David Sauford. brothers,, 
came from Ohio, and made their home here. Mr. Longworlh, inj 
1856, broke the first ground on laud now within the Umit« 
Hndson. Henry H. Sauford came in the Rpring of 1857. 

Warren waa organized as a town in 1R60, with the foltovinf 
supervisors: Beach Sanfiml, George Frissell and Seth Colbelhj] 
L. J. Sanford, clerk. A post office was established iu 18G0, aa< 
Mr«. Beach Sanford was appointed postmistress, at Warron vil- 
lage, now Koberts. The village of Roberts is located on thi 
West Wiseontiiu railroad, which traverses soctionfi 19 ^to "J 
inclusive, of this town. It contains one elevator, oue stoi 
houKe, one fee<l mill, one cfaccsc factory, one machine shop, on< 
syrup mill, several stores and shops, one hotel, one school horn 
one public ball, and oue church buildiug belonging to the Coa<| 

No iutosicauts are sold in the village. The first school 
taught in 1859, by Jane 3auford. 

Jamks Hill was bom in Hillsborough, Xew Hampshire, F« 
15, 1826, and settled in Warren, St. Croix county, in I8G3. wh< 
he engaged iu farming and dealing in grain. He represent 
St. Croix county in the Wisconsin assembly of 1878-79-80. 





Rush River... 
Hammond ... 








In 1849 

Mch. 26, 1856 
July 15, 1856 
Aug. 15, 1857 
Aug. 28,1857 
Jan. 5, 1858 
Sept. 24, 1858 


Louis Massey & Co. 
Daniel McCartney. 
Aptemards Bnrkhart. 

A. W. Miller 

C. N. Bates 

r, New ^ 

Star Prairie... 

E. W. McClure 

John Brown. 
Gridley & Day. 


Dec 29, 1859 
July 5, 1866 
Jane 16, 1870 
Mch. 14, 1873 
Jan. 4, 1876 
Jan. 26, 1879 

Sept. 17, 1878 

Dec 24, 1880 
Sept 16, 1884 
July 13, 1885 
Jan. 2, 1886 



J. A. Short 



H.J. Baldwin^ 

Beehe & Boardmon. 
Simonds & Millard. 
D. R. Bailey. 
Comstock, Piatt & Co 


J. W. Remmington 

iratoga 1 

IgB > 


A. P. Mnggey. 
L, T. Adams. 



£au Galle 

£an Galle 
St. Joseph.. .. 

»d M 

H. J. Baldwin . ,.. 

Glenwood Maiif. Co. 
■West Wis. Manf. Co 






St. Cx. L. & Manf. Co. 

Xot recorded 

This county, named in honor of Presideut Pierce, was 6e{ 
nitfd from St. Crois county in 1853. and orgaiiizert by tbe Sfti 
act that crttaU?d Poll; county, aud gave to St. Croix its pi 
limits. It coiitAin.4 about six hundred square miles of territor 
lying past of tlie Jrississippi river and Lake 3l. Croii. Tt 
Homewbai triangiihir in fshapn. the river and lake forming fc:>J 
hypotenuHe, aud SU Croix. Dunn and Pepin bounding it ly^ 
right lines on the north aud east, Fepiu also forming asoxall 
jKirt of itH aoalheru boundary. 

The aceuery is picturesque aud raried. Aloug the river arx-dj 
lak« is a series of Umoetouc blutTs, broken at intervals by i 
^-iues aud valleys^ and leaving the impression npuu the miud 
the traveler on tJie MJasissippi of a rough, broken and inhiw^ 
table oonntry, than which nothing conld 1hi further fruni t' 
trnth. Beyonil these ruggeil escarpnienti^ of limestrone and » 
of sight of the traveler, tlie conntiTT stretches away toward t 
interior as an nudulatiug prairie, with meadows and rich p: 
tare lands, with occasional forests, the whole watered and draii 
by an intriwvtc network of streams tributai-y to the lake 
river, and the Uiroe larger streamy, the KiunikiDlc. wb.] 
empties into the St. Croix and Big rivers, TrimbeUe and 
that empty into the Mississippi. Some branches of the Ci 
pewa also Uike their rise in this eounty. These streams 
formly have their source in springs and their waters are 
qnently pur(% c^^thl aud invigorating-, tiowing over beds of 
sand or pebbles, and in their downwanl course forming 
ripples, rapids, cascades and some beautiful waterfalls. 


total descent to the bed of the Mississippi is abonb foar haudred 

fetit. Pierce couDty has no inland lakes within its limits, nor 

^ny indications of their previous ezistenoe. The soil is formed 

^rhiefly from decomposed rocks or ledges worn down by the 

abrading forces of water and wind, of frost and heat. The 

-rivers in their downward course have excavated broad valleys^ 

leaving originally precipitons bln£& on either side, and even 

'bluOb once islands in the inidst of the streams. These, by later 

agencies, have been smoothed to gentle slopes and ronnded into 

fnoeftal mounds, towering sometimes as much as eighty feet 

Above the valley or plains. In some places mere outlines of 

eudstoue or limestone rook are leit, tnrret-like, on the summit of 

a moand, as monuments on whidi the geolc^ist may read the 

iQOord of ages gone. As the character of the soil of a ooontry 

depends upon the composition of the rooks underlying it, and 

thoae removed from the snrfiMse, reduced to soil and widely dis- 

trjbated, we give what may be considered as the section of any 

WM of the mounds near Prosoott in the order of the superposition 

of 8tnta: 

At tbelMNe — Lower magnesUn limestone 250 feet. 

•AboTc the pIlUn — Vpper audstone.- &0 feet. 

On tlie mmniit — Trentop, or shell limestone 30 feet. 

Over a g^reat part of the county the Trenton and limestone are 
^"Orn almost entirely away, and their former existence is attested 
only by a few mounds, blnf& and ontlines. Drift is not often 
met with. The soil may be considered as formed out of drift, 
noir removed from ite original position, and out of the sandstone 
and. limestone. It is, therefore, soil of the richest qaality. 

By the same act that created the county of Pierce, passed 
March 14. 1S53. Prescott was declared the county seat. The 
towD board of Prescott was constituted the county board. The 
oommissioners were Osborn Strahl, chairman; Silas Wright and 
Sylvester Moore. At the first county election, Nov. 15, 1853, 
onehandred and ten votes were cast. The following were the 
officers elected: County judge, W. J. Copp; sheriff, N. 8. Dun- 
bar; treasurer, J. R. Freeman; clerk of court, 8. E. Gunn; clerk 
of board, Henry Teachout; coroner, J. Olive; district attorney, 
P. v. Wise; surveyor, J. True; register of deeds, J. M. Whip- 
ple. Mr. Whipple was authorized to transcribe the records of 
St. Croix conuty up to date of the organization of Pierce. 



The first aaeeesnieDt in the coanty. in 1853, amoonted to $24,- 
452. At the meeting of the supervisors, Jan. 18, 1S54, the dia- 
trict uttoruey was allowed forty dollars per annnm Oft salary. 
Courts were held wherever snitable baildiiigs could be obtained. 
During this year Judge Wyrani KnowltoD^ of Prairie du Chieiu 
held tlie first district court at Prescott. The first recordw of the 
court were kept un »het*tA of fuulscap paper, and fivftened together 
with wafers. The first case before the court was that of "The 
State ofWisoonsiu, Pierce County, \Vm. Woodruff t«. Cbas. D. 
Steveu.% August Ix>cbmen, and Chas. Peschkc, in Court of said 
County. lu Equity.*' On rcadiug and filing the bill in complaint, 
in this case, on motiou of S. J. R. ITcMillan and H. M. Lewis, 
solicitors for connsei, J. S. Foster, it was Drderml that a writ of in- 
jauctioD be issued in the case pursuant to the prayer of said bill, 
upon said complainants Some one^ in his behalf, filed with the 
clerk of said courts a bond for damages and costs in the sum of 
$1,700, with fiurtty to be approved by the clerk or judge of said 
court. The first document recorded in the county is an agreement 
between Philander Prescott aud Philip Aldricb, w herein Aldi'ich 
agrees to occupy lauds adjoining Pre.suott's, nt tJie nioutb of Su 
Croix lake on the west, aud David Hone on the east. The 
second document is a deed, conveying a tract of three hundred 
aud twenty acres of laud from Francis Chevalier to Josepli R. 
Brown, the laud lying near the mouth of Lake St. Croix, aud 
marked by slakes planted in the ground, and ai\ioJning Francis 
Gauielle's claim, dated July 20. 1840. 

In 18.57 C\)nnty Treasurer Ayers became a defaulter to the 
county in the sum of 82j287.76, and to the Presoott Bank, $4,000. 
In 1861, by act of the legislature, the qnestion of changing the 
county scat from Preecott to Ellsworth was submitted t^j the 
people. The vote a» declared was six huudred for removal and 
three hundred and scvtinty-tfa n>e against it. T(*chn)cal objec- 
tions having been raised as tu the l(^ality of the vote, the sub- 
joot was submitted to the people a second time in 1862. The vote 
for removal was confinned. In 1S63 the district system was 
adopted aud three districts were established by legislative enact- 
ment, but i]i 1S70 the county returned to tlie original system by 
which the board of supervisors was made to consist of a chair- 
man from each one of the town boards. A poor farm was e«tab-. 
lished near Ellsworth in 1809, at a cost of ^1,600. The count^^ 

IX THE XOKTHIir^ST. ^^^H^ 190 

board also appropriated $31,000 for County buildiuga al Ells- 

The fimiDces of the county have been admirably managed. Id 
1865 there was no indebtedness, and a surplns in the treasury of 
JO^OOO. The edacational interests are well cared for. There are 
trrer one hundred school district* in the county, with well oon- 
dact«d schools, and generally with good sabstantial baildiuga. 
The school lauds of St. Croix, then including Pierce county, 
were appraised in 1852 by Dr. Otis Hoyt, — Dennistou and James 
Bailey, and the lands at once offered for sale. Settlers' rights 
were reepect^^d. The county issnetl ^5,00<i in bonds to ai»i in es- 
tablishing the normal school at lUrer Falls. 


Biver Falls ha8 direct commuaication with Hudson by a 
branch of the Chicago & St. Paul railroad. In 1885 the Burling* 
ton & Xorthem railroad route was anrveyed and established, 
entering the county on the shore of Lake Pepin, and running 
nearly parallel with lake and river to Prescott, where it orosaes 
lAke St. Croix near its mouth, ou a biidgc, the total length of 
which is 520.5 feet^ with one draw span 367.5 feet iu length, and 
one piled span of 153 feet. This bridge was completed, and the 

train entered Prescott, May 31, ISfiG. The grade of this 

does not e.\ceed fifteen feet to the mile. 


The Grand Army of the Bepublio have posts at the following 

3fo. 72. A, W, Howard P»t- « Rock Elm. 

No. in. I. M. Nicholi Po«t_- „.,..„ River FaUa. 

No. lis, Ellswortli Port « » ElI»«ortli. 

No. ie». R. P. OonvMM Post Pr<«ccttt. 

Ko.a>i, r. 8, OraDt PmL Mniden Rock. 

Ktt. flOe, Plnm a^ Port Plom City. 

The following are the rillngo plats of Pierce county, with date 
of survey and location: 

pRW>tt, town of Prescott. 1858 

Kbmikiiik. town or Rirer FnlU ^ .IBM 

Hooftf Diamond (DiAtnond BlatT). town of Diamond Dlnff. 1654 

flHMoBa. town of Uabelle 1655 

Biver FkUa (Greenwood and Fremont), town of Rlrer Falla 1856 



Haiditn Rock, ionaor Mniden Rock. ».». wm.ISM 

Warreti, town of Maidrn Kook -.u»...JB5S 

Trimbelle, towu of Trimbelle « 1858 

Franklin, town of TrimWlle «. -^....1856 

Martell (RUing Han), town nf Martell „...l65a 

Beldenville. town af Trtmbelle -1857 

Trenton, town of Trenton 18ff7 

Plum City, towu of I'nion , >lfiS6 

EI Paao. town of F,l Pmo - „ 1868 

Eftdaile, town of Hartland « 1870 

Rock Elm, town of Rock Elm Centre - 1918 

Hogan, towu of Tr«nton ....„ «...lflB8 

Bay City, towu of laabelle, 


The following is the chronological order Id which the towns oft' 
Pierce oonnty were organized: 

Pwjscott* 1863 

Greowood [now River Falls) ..18frl 

Martell ISM 

Iflab«lle 18S6 

TrImbeUe. 1855 

Diaoiottd Bluffs 18S6 

difton 1866 

OakOrore. Ifi36 

Peny (EUswortb) 1866 

Spring Valley (Maiden Roek)_....ie5". 

Trenton 185"i^LeS57 

El Paao ^ie»^S:^SSa 

HartUnd li 

Union «.,.li 

Saletm» „... 

Rock Elm 

beerfipld (Gilman)^ 169^3 SK 

Spring Lake ISK^^UMS 


Situated in the northwestern part of the county, oontaiua .^^mdb * 
little orer thirty fUll sections of land, those on the St. Crti^^^rxroii 
having a somewhat irregnlar boandary. The surface i» ooxvcmix oio^^ 
what broken where travei-sed by the Kiniiikinic aud ite trit^i-ribu 
taries. It includes tweuty-four sections ou the west side of to 
ship 27, range 10, aud fractional township 27, range 20. It 
establiiihed in 1855. Its first board of oflBccrs were: Suiwn; 
ors — Qeo. W. McMurpby, chairman; Oslximo Strahland G. ' 
Teachont C B. (k)s was the first postmaster, in 1852, 
place called Clifton Mills, from which the town afterward 
rived its name. This post town is situated on the Kiuuiki 

*!■ IMS tlw lo«o oT Elbnliclti wftaargmnlicd bf St. Outs eousty, uid lDclud«d (rbal la 
nvMPoanty. TbtBnibovilof wpvntoora w«i« WlllUni TtdBfiCtuUruun-, Asroa O 
aadL. M. nviwbvnQrielarh, Hlltan DocitraMMiRr, Goo. W. McMnrplijr. la 1881, bj l^ta^^KC^ 
•BMitiaaiil, Um nmma EUiabHh «u rbaufed lo Pn»oML 




on IS. township 'J7, n»ngt> 18 west. It has uno grist mill 
two wiw mills, beloiiginy toC^x, Xo iotox- 
Icambs w raid bcre. The Oleowood savr mills, IiaviDg a capacity 
or : " 'I ffft. nre locutod on the lake shore. lu 18(>S n lime- 

«" . ly wfiftt'iM'ued ou the lake ahorc, by Oukley & Nirbols. 
In 1801 Ibe firm beuuue Oakley & Hall. They have a patenb 
hh ' >>f>d macbioery, aud some seaiions have manafactureU 
ah ' - 5^000 barrelH of lime- 

Gbokok W, McMifBPHY was born at Xewcastlc, DelaKare, la 

I82I. lu iai5 he came to St. Croix Falls, aud iu 1S18 to CliOoii, 

vfaere be pre-empted the beaQtiful homi*i?iead whicb he still 

bol<U» and wben* be bas sncoeasfuUy followed the busiuess of 

jfiarttiiug. He bn--* bt^eii repeatedly eleete^l to town aud couuty 

offices. Iu 1S48 hv vraa married to Mai'ia A. Iliot^. TlieJr ehil- 

!ftlruu are Augiuitmi (resideut of St. Paul), Georgt* (a pbj-Hician 

3.kving in Ortnurille, ^UnueHota), Jamei^ A.. Robert^ Albert aud 

"^Iward. nud two married ilaugbterK. Mr. MeMurphyitva mem* 

laer oftbt* Congregntional church. 

OdfioRNE Stkaul was born iu Beliuout oonuty, Ohio, in 1818; 
catue to Grnlena, UliuoiB, iu 1838. in 1815 to Maustou aud Steveus 
. Tolut. Wisennsin. and to Chippfwa Falls iu 1!M7. During these 
H jtan» he followed lnml>ering. In 1850 he ciiiiie to the town of 
Eliwhetb, St. Croix connty, wbicb on .subseqnent division of 
t<rt»Dji and counties left Mr. Stralil in Clifton, where he has been 
engBj'nl in farming. He wa** luiirried iu 18<>0 to ltel>eeca Mc- 
thiialiL Tbey have two sous. Wm. Pay, liriiig in Dakota, 
Hoffurd P.. in River Falls: three dangbters. Mabel, wife of 
J()W[)b M. Smith, banker at River Fidlf;. and two daughters 
uumarrieil. Mr. Slrabl filled various town aud county offices. 
CUABLBS B. Cox WRH lM»rn .Tune 25, 1810. in Chenango county, 
Xoff York. He learned the trade of a miller, lived in Ohio 
w'culien years aJid e:uue to Clifton in 1849. Helmilt at Clifton 
Utfiinl Miw and grist mill in the Kinnikinic valley, in 1850. 
Hftluiiged his residence to Rivur Falls in l.S5i, where he lived 
till \<'i, when ho removed to California. During the year ISSl 
iie ^rfjuDd tbrec btiudred bushels of wheat, the sole product of 
thp TttHey. 

I^rumiM HxRNSiJERWER wa-slwrn in Kentucky, Nov. 21, 1824^ 
mi'V'.'Uwiib his [wreuls to Illinois in 1832, aud to Presoolt in 
1^7, where be pre-empted a humeHt-ead of one buudred and 
^Ittv arn?fi. He wnsmarrie<l at Alton. IllinoiB, in 1858, to Lizzie 
Jvliuvjn. Their children are Charleys Sarah Etta, and Jennie. 




£ia triangular shaped town, the bypotenoso being formed by the 
lUariuippi river. It contains t«n sections and throe fhutional 
sections in town 25, mnge IS, and five sections and five fWictional 
sections iu town 25, range 19. It is traversed in the eaat«ru part 
by Trimbellu river. The town was established iu 1S57, and the 
first towu meeting was held that year at the liome of David Com- 
stock. The town board cfinsint^d of: SupwTlHiirs — James Akers, 
chairman; Wilson Thing and C. P. Hoyt; Justice, S. Ilanter. 
8asan Rogers taught the first school. This town has the honor 
of claiming the first white settler, aside from traders, in the 
■ppper Mississippi valley. He came to the site of the present 
viUage of Diamond Blaffin 1800, and named it Monte Diamoud. 
We give elsewhere a somewliat extended account of this aucienC 
pioneer, with Home Ki>eculations toiUMMuiug him and his desceud- 
ant# that are plausible euongh to warrant their insertion. Iu 
bistorio times a post office was established here in 1854, called 
at the time, Iloytstown. from C. P. Uoyt, the fl.rst postmaster. 

On the organization of the towu the name was changed to 
Diamond Bluit Quite a village has since grown up around it. 
The first frame honse was built in 1855, l\v Enoch Quinby, The 
first sermon was preached by Rev. J. W. Hancock, a Presby- 
terian minister, for some years a missionary among the Indians. 
The first birth was that of Mary Day, iu 1851, and the first dcftth 
that of Daniel Crappers. in 1854. 

Capt. John PAJNic—Jacfc Paine, as he is familiarly called, 
was born in England, and for the greater part of his life has been 
a seafaring man. For the ])ast thirty years he has been a steam- 
btMit man on the Ohio, Mississippi and Missouri rivers. He 
hajs been married three times: first in Rhoile Island, s4*coiul to 
Mrs. Ija Blond, of St. Louis, and last to Kiss liessne, of Diamond 
Bluff. He came to Diamond Blnlf in 184S, with four children of 
his first wife, his second wife having died childless. He is now 
living with his third wife in La Crosse. Tbey have three children. 

John Day was born in Martinsburg, Virginia. In 1850 he 
and his wife ami three children, with Allen B. Wilson and his 
wife, came to Diamond Blnft'. Mr. Day is well known as a fear- 
less and enthusiastic hunter. In 1852 he had a close enoonnter 
with a large black liear, which, after a desperate struggle, he 
killed with an axe. The Indians considered Mr. Day as **waa> 



kon/' snpernatnral, averring that their braveet warriors would 
not have attacked singly so large an animal. 

Saba£ a, Vance, the wife of Mr. Day, was born in Kentncky. 
The Vance family wt-re famous piouoers. and some of them were 
noted Methodist preachei-s. Miss Vance's first mftiriage was to 
John R. Shores, by whom she had two children, one of whom, 
Isabella, became the wife of A. R. WiLsou. E. Wiusos. — Mr. Wilson was born in Kentucky: speut 
hlft early boyhood iu Bhaiwueetowu. Illiuois: was married to Mi^ 
Shores at Potosi, Wi.'iC'onHiii, April 16. 1^8, aud in 1850 came 
to Diamond Blnff. Mr. Wilson took great interest in politics, 
was an ardent Repnbllcan, and was among the first to volunteer 
his services for the sappression of the liebeLIion in 18C1. Uo 
enlisted in Company B, Sixth Begimcut, Wisconsin Volunteers, 
ind fell in bottle, Sept 14, 1S62, at South Mouutaiu. Mr. Wil- 
son was well informed, a close observer of political events at 
borne and abroad, aud was a brave and efficient soldier. He leH 
five childreu. 

E. S. CJorLTER. — Mr. Coulter iHa Virginian by birth. In early 
manhood he traveled extensively sa a Imok agent, ami finally 
settled at Diamond Blntl', where he succe^fally engaged iu farm- 
ing and dtnling in wheat and merchandise. 

Jaxkb UiuHBEB, ex-musician in the British and United States 

Jacob Mead, ex-sboemnker, ex-soldier and miner, a man of 
miperior natural and acquired talent. 

Cbables Walhkidge came to Diamoud Bluff in 1S52. 

Jacob Mead died in lj^84. leaving a large property. 

Charlks F. Hott, with his wife aud one child, came to Dia- 
moud Bluff from Illinois, iu 1853. 

Enoch Quinby was born at Bundwicli, New Hamp.shire; was 
married lo itl»tilda Leightou, originally from Athens, Maine. 
Mr. Quiuby aud his wife came from Pittsfield, Illinois, to Dia- 
mond Bluff in 1854. 


There is a pretty well grounded tradition that the first white 
man who found his way to Diamoud Bluff was a French Ven- 
dean loyalist of the army of Jocqui'S Cathelineau; that be fled 
from France in 1793 or 1794. landed at Quebec, and wa.s traced 
by bift enemies to Mackinaw aud Chicago, where they lost his 



trail. Uecame to Diamond Bluff in 1800. nnd Darned it ''Mc 
Diamond." He had for his boasekcopcr the daughter of ai 
Indian chief. He died here alx>ut 1821. Aiter his death tho] 
Indiaos always called the place the -'Old White Mau's Praiiie.** 
£. Quiuby. of Diamond Bluff, to whom we are indebted for this 
account, adds: ''All the mldil ioual evidence T can give in regard 
to tUiH jiioueer is that prior to 17t>3 his wife died, leaving him 
one daughter, who was deformed. A former friend of his had 
beantifnl daughter of about the same age of his own. After th< 
uprising and defeat of the Veudeaua, they became enemies, anc 
he, to save his life, took his former friend's daught4:r, iusteatl o( 
bis owu, and lied to thi.s country. The father pursued them 
far OR Chicago, where he saw his daughter iu compauy with som< 
Indian girls, and having on her pei-stJU aomb oruamenLs once 
worn by lier mother. He at once seized her and carriwl her, 
back with him to Prance, and the old Frenchman found his wan 
to Diamond Bintf." Faribault's son,* now living somewhere 
in Minnesota, wrote me a few years since, iuquiring about the 
old Frebchman. saying that his grandmother claimed that her 
husband was a Fn^uch nobleman, and that he lived nettr JjikeJ 
Pepin. He believed the old Fn'tichmaii was his grnudfutliiT. 1 
The above stAt«>meut8 were communicated to the late Capt. Orin 
Smith, of Qalena, IllinotH. Allen B. Wilson and myself, in 1$54,J 
or iu 1855, by an old Frenchman then I'esiding at Potosi, Wis-i 
cooaiu, who claimed to have seen aud gathered these (acts from 
the old man himself. Capt. Smith was well acquainted with th« 
Freuebman at Potosi, and gave the fullest credence to 


Occupies township 26, range 16. It is drained chiefly by 
river and its tributary, Lost creek, on the Mcst. The two pORt 
vJUagivf in this town are. Kl Piiso. loi*al^d in section 5. and LosbJ 
Creek, in section 3. George P. Walker was the first settler. H( 
built the flrst house and raised the first' crop; Thomas T. Mf 
came iu 1855. Iu ISfJO the town was organizeil, Thomiw Hnrlej 
and Geo. P. Walker being supervisors. Iu 1802 ilr. .>Iag< 
bnill a shm' and tiour mill In section 5, and platted the village i 
Kl Paso. In 1S75 he removed to Clear Lake, Polk county, 

*A u>»iul>«t'>f tb« well kaowB Faribault fuully, aftei- wboa lb* lo«B of Faril«uli ho* Iwcc? 



town ho was the first settler. Clara Green taught the 
first school iu El Paso, lu 18l>l. There is one Catholic aud 
onv Luthei-au eburch iu the village. The name El Paso siguify* 
iag a crossing, is of somewhat obscure derivatiou. 


Was organized nnder the natnc of Perry, March 3, 18o7, bnt in 
1862 it received ite present name. It occupies a central position 
in tbe county and includes township 26, range 17. This is a 
rich farming town, originally timbered with hardwood. The 
mrfiMje is elevated and gently undulating. It is drained on the 
east by the tributaries of Ru>*h river, but has no large ur imimr- 
tant streams. The fii-st supervisors were: P. M. Simons, chair- 
man; Caleb Bruce aud Wihion Kinnie. The first settler was 
Anthony Huddlpslf)n, who eame April 23, ]85fi, aud pre emptod 
the sontheaat quarter of section I'O. Ou ^'ovembcr 26th, of the 
same year, came Caleb, Elihu W. and Eii T, Bruoe, who pre- 
empted farms on sections IS and 19. During the same year Wil- 
son and Xorris Kinnie and David Klingensniith pre-empted 
&riiis in sections 18 and 19. Lilly. Miscen, Buss, and Campbell 
came also in 185.5. The first log house in the town vmn built by 
.Anthony JIn<ldleston in 18.55. Xorris Eiunie built the fii^t iu 
what was afterward the village of Ellsworth. The first school 
hoQse, a log building, bnilt was in LSD^, and Mary Filkins, now 
Mrs. O. U. Sargeaut. of Minnesota, taught the first school. The 
fiiBt marriage was that of Charles Stanuard aud Mary Leonard, 
in iSas. The first birth, that of the twin children of Wilson. 
Both dieil. The first dfath of an adult was that of Mrs. Jacob 
Yoangman in the winter of IS.^.'i. The post offic« was opened iu 
XS60, with Seely Strickland as postmaster. 


le original owners of the sontheru half of section 18, and the 
northern half of 19, Xorris Kinnie, Eli T. Brace, Henry P. 
Ames, and Wm. Cripinn laid oul and platted tlie village of Ells- 
)nh in 1862. Wm. Crippin. built a frame hotel there in 1860. 
Danbar opened a .store in 1861. The prospect of Ellsworth 
>ming the county seat gave a great impetus to business enter- 
pnttft. This was decided by a popular vote in 1861, but owing 
to aome technical defects was resubmitted to tho people of the 



county iu 1SG2, and then definitely decided. In the yoar 1662 the 
citizt^ns of Ellsworth bnilt a log honst- in which th« lirst teruis 
cuart wei-L' lietd; lueauwUile the coauty officers had their offii 
in the biispment of Crippiu's boleL The perioani'iit cuant 
bnildings were not ereeted until 1869. They are built of Htoi 
and cost 860,000. In lS(>3a frame achoa} house toolc the place 
the old log strnctnre. and in 1874 a commodious brick bailding 
was erected, at a cost of $5,000. 

The Melhudists, Lntherand and Catholics haro church bnild- 
ings. There is one nevspaper. the Pierce Connty Henild, edited 
by E. F. Cuse and E. 8. DooUttle. The Banics saw mill built in 
1S67. burned down and rebuilt, has a capacity of about o. (JOO fe«t 
per day. A braueli railroad, built from Hudson to River FaUi^| 
was extended to KlUworth in 1S85. The depot is one mile froi^* 
the village. The Pierce County Central fair grounds, containing 
seventeen acre«s are loc:ited near the village. The grounds 
inclosed and are covered with a line maple grove, in the mi< 
of which is a large flowing spring. I>. \V. Woodwoith was first 
pre^dent of the fair association. Ellsworth has two haudsomo 
cemeteries, Maplewood aud the Catholic. 

The village itself is beautifully situated on an elevated plateat 
originally covered with hardwoocl timber. The streets are taete-^ 
fully adorned with maple trees. 

Anthony Hcddlestos. — Mr. Hnddleston is of Irish descent 
He was born In West Virginia in 1804; had bnt limited educa-' 
lioual privilugea; lived for a part of his life in Ohio and Indiana, 
and ftetlled In Ellsworth iu 1S55. being the first settler in tbo 
town. He was a houne carpenter for o^'er sixty years. He was flk 
member of the Dunkard cluirch sixty-two years. He was mar- 
ried in 1S26, in Ripley, Indiana, to SuRanmih Whetatone. They 
hai'e thi'ee sous aud six daughters lixnng. 

Perby D. Piehce was born in Harpersfield, Delaware coantj,^ 
How York. He traces his lineage to ancestors who came across 
In the Mayflower and landed at Plymouth Rock. Ue received 
an academic education, studied law with A. Beckor, Oswego, 
New York, aud was admitted to practice at Cooperstown in 
1843, practiced in Albany three years, and in 1854 cam« to the 
St. Croix valley, locating fii-st at Prescott, where he served aa 
district attorney for four years, aud connty judge dght ycarat. 
He was married in 1860, to Lua E. tiearsdall. He is now 
dent of Ellsworth. 

!>' THE NOBTn\rEST. 


Ha^s B- Wxener, of Ellsworth, Piorcc county, was boiu at 
Gulbmiid^Hlali'Ut Norway, July 12, 1844; received a oouiuiuu 
■pbool eilncatinn; in by mx'npation a fariiK^r; eiiiigrat«d aud 
' Wttled in Dodge connty, "Wisconsin, in 1853, and thence removed 
to Pierce connty in 1855, where he has since resided. He euIiHted 
iu March, 1864, bb a private, in Company G, Thirty seventh Kegi- 
meut. Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry; was wounded and ca.ptared 
in front of Petersburg, Virginia, July 30, 1864, and was held a 
prisoner of war in Danville and Libby prisons until pai-oled, 8ep- 
tember, IStVI; wasdischarged from 8ervii'« on account of wounds 
reoeived in battle July 18, 1865. He has held various local 
officcfi, and the position of connty clerk of Pierce county ftom 
January, 1869, to Dec. 21, 1877. when he resigued, to aaauuie 
the duties of secretary of state, to which office he was elected 
in 1877, aud was re-elected in 1879. serviuf{ in all four years. 
He vas elected to the state senate iu 1882 and served until 
1S86. Hia home business is farming and real e.state. He vaa- 
married in 1806, to Julia E. Hndiwiu. 


The town of Oilman inclndeji t(jwn8hip 27, range 16. Tlio 
pobtal villages are Oilman, section 10, and Olivet, section 36. 
Gilmau was organized as the town of Deerfield, in 1868, but 
in 1869 the name was changed to Oilman. The first supervi- 
sors were Oliver Purdy, Caleb Coon, Bardou Jensen. Tho 
first school was taught in 1870, by M. L. Maigood. A Nor- 
wegian Lntherau church was built in 1883. at a cost of $1,500, 
There are six school housiis with an aggregatt^ cost of ^,000. 
The first marriage was that of C^leb Coon and Cenith Pretntou, 
in 1867. The first birth was a child of this married conple. The 
first death was that of Mrs. Rufns Preston. The first post office 
was at Gilmau, U. P. Hals, postmaster. The first settlers were 
B. F, Oilman, in 186», still a resident; N. B. Lawrence, soon 
%tttt, now removed; Rufus Prcstou and family; Joseph aud 
Oaleb Coon and families, in 1865, still resident. J. K. Maxgood, 
B. Jensen and son, E. B. Jeuseu, the Mutthlcsou.brothci-s, Z. 
Sigursen, H. Bredahl, a J. Ooodell, Nels GuUkson, M. O. 
Grinde. Albert ^Lartin. P. Vauosse, aud T. 6. Foi^enbakke 
»re among the oldest citizens. 


Harttasd occapies township 25, range 17. It has one post vil- 
lage. Esdailc. It has one sa? mill and a foctory for the mana- 
iacture of babs aud beat wood work, operated by Charles 
Bet'CheTf of Red Wing. Uiuueaola, wbicb gives employment to 
seveuly-five meu aud teu teams the yeai- round. The village of 
Etulaite. hoH also two general merchaudise stores aud a hoteL 
Ilartland wai* nrganizi^d in 1859. The first supervisors were A. 
Uarrls, chairman; Jiisepli Bleeper and R. M, Sprout. .Viuoitgst 
the first settlers were Augustus E. Ilodgman. section 2-1, 1864; 
Jamej} Bnckingbam. section 2S. 18.54; Lewis Buckma^ter. section 
1, 1S53. The first school was taught in 1658. by ilarj* Ann "^-^ 
Stonio. The first post office wxs at Rsdaile, Hiram Patch, post* ^ ^]^ 
utu>iter. There are three church organizations. Presbyterian^ 
Methmlisl. and Lutbentu (Norwegian), with buildings value*! a,^ 
from 8700 to $1,0(M). There are nine acliool houses, ranging i^ 
ooBt from ?500 to 81,400. The Good Templars have an orgai 


Isabellc conaist^ of the two upper tiers of sectiou 7, towpsV^ 
24. ninge 17, the lower tier being innch broken in oat1ia«9> - yV* 
Lake Pepiu on the south. It coutains aLso fractions of seciii^^^ V* 

in the third tier. Bay City, on the sliore of the lake, is t (^^ 

postal town. It was organized in 1855. Ln 18<>9 it was anK t>« ^^ 

to Hartland, but in 1871 k was re-established. The fii-st eh a ^^ 
man of supervisoi-s was .Tohn Buckingliam. The elcclioii — ^-"xui 
held at the house of Abner Brown. Charles B. Tyler and t ,^o- 
renzu D. Philips wttled here in 1854, and built a saw mill wh^^^s^re 
now stands U»^ thriving village of Bay City. 8:iratoga plat o^ — ag 
laid out npon thia ground in \S^i, by A. C Moitou. A. J. Uex:: 'Ki^rftr 
was the original claimaut of the land. Mr. Morton purcha-^a.-^d 
the land which covereti a part of Bay City from the goverum** :^^;f. 
A surveyor named Markle was employed by Morton to rua ^z-ho 
lines, which Mr. Dexter considered an introsiou apou hlsrigl^ c^ 
and he shot Markle. Dexter was tried before Judge 8. 9. _>; 
Fuller, in 1855, waa convicted, and sentuuced to prison fur Vm^fe. 
After a few yoon; be was pardoned by Gov. Baratow. 




Afaiden Rock occnpiee the four upper tiers of sections of 

frownship 24, rauges 15 and 16, except sach portions on the 

90va<hwestern corner aa are cnt off by Lake Pepin. It contains 

i^l>oiit forty sections. The town was organized nnder the name 

of Spring Valley, in 1857. Its postal villages are Maiden Bock, 

oxB 't^lie lake shore, section 15, range 16, and Warren, also on the 

IslIcc shore, section 7, range 15. The site of Maiden Bock village 

w iianpnrrhnnrcl from the government in 1853, by Albert Harris 

sbxs.<3 J. D. Tmmboll. In 1855 they erected the first hoose, and 

^Km :i856bmlt a saw and shingle ^ill. J. D. TrnmbuU platted 

"fcta.^ village in 1857, and christened it Maiden Bock, from the 

<s^l«brated rock of that name a few miles further down the lake. 

•A^ZBong the first settlers in the village were J. H. Steel, J. D. 

Brovn, John Foster, and Joseph B. Hnll. 

The first hotel was run by G. B. Barton, in a house built by 
^' I>. Trumbull. This hotel has since been enlarged and is now 
the Xake View House. The first marriage was that of A. J. 
^■Kiith and Gorinda stinger, in 1857; the first birth was that of 
Ida Trumbull, in 1858, and the first death that of William 
X^r-ninbuil, in 1858. The first school was taught by Lottie Isabel, 
f*r ^^atavia, Illinois. The first sermon was preached by Bev. 
J^mes Gurley, a Methodist preacher from North Pepin. 

A^ post office was established iu 1856, of which J. D. Trumbull 

^*"s»i» postmaster. The receipts the first year were eleven dollars, 

"t: Vkc expenses, fifty dollars, paid by the postmaster. The town of 

"Nlsfciden Rock has six school houses, one saw and one grist mill. 

CiiEiSTOPHER L. Taylor was born in Oneida county, New 

"V ork. in 1829; came to Chicago at an early day, and to Maiden 

R.«>ck in 1868, where he engaged in maiuifucturing. He served 

as. county supervisor for eight years, and as member of the 

■Wisconsin legislature in 1876. He removed to St. Paul in 

1S80, where he still resides. He is a dealer iu real estate. 


Mart«ll occupies township 27, range 17. Joseph Martell, John 
Dec. I/)iiis Tjepau and Xerxes Jock, Frenchmen, were the fii-st 
settlers. They located here in 1847, and remained till 1860, wlicn 
tbt;y moved further west, allured by the attractions of frontier 



life. Marten ttos organiEed in 1854, with the followiug mipci 
visors: AmosBoneetccI, chairman; M. Statt«u and B. J. Thomp- 
son. The first school was tauglit in 1857, by \V. Bewel 
MartcU is the postal Tilluge. The first po8tmaHt<er was 
Basmanson. There are two pvangrlical Lutheran churohes il 
the town, bailt nt a cost of $3,500 and f5.000. There is alw> 
good town hull, valaed at 9600. The Martell Mataal Insni 
anoe Company Ih in succcssfnl operation. 


Oak Grove incIudeB towiwhip 26, ratige 19 (with the oxcf pi 
of section 31 and pnrts of 30 and 32). and six awjiniut of range 
20, in all about forty sections. It is drained by Big river. It 
was Bet off from Clifton in 1856. Hart Bronghton was the first 
chairman of supervisors. It contains a ftouring mill on Big 
river; Catholic^ Lnthemn, and Methodist chnrch buildings; 
that of the Oatbolic cost <M,000, and has a school attached. 
There are seven school hoosee. Big Eiver is the fw^tal village 
John Berry was first postmaster. The first settlers were (11 
the Thing brothers, the Harnsberger brothers, the Comelii 
brothers, Rioe, Sehafier, McMnrpby, Bissue, and the Hint 

Lewis M. Habkbberoek was born in Keniacky, April 11 
1822. and moved with his parents to lUiuois, where he livif^^ 
He came to Prescott in 184C, and pre-empt«d a farw^ 

nine years. 

in Oak Gnive, where he has since euuliuuuu.sly resided. 


filled many public poaitions cn>ditably. He was married 
Annie Jeffreys, of IlUnois, in I8<>0. Their sons are Ephra^ 
Lewis and John. 



Is beantiftilly locateil at the junction of the St, Croix and Jr ^^ 
sissippi rivera. The bustness iwrtion of the city is on a tcm ^ .^ ^ 
at the base of the blnff, and between it and the i-iver^aud lat^^^^^ 
The public buildings, churches, school bouse aud re^idenc^ c^^.^^ 
chiefly on the upper terrace, or blulT, and command an exteoHK. An 
view of the valley of the two rivers, the whole forming a Uk:k^* 
scape of nnrivaled l«?:»nty. Tho advantages of the posiLioa *«.r> 
by no means limited to its picturesque surroundings. Pnsoot*, 
from its position at the junction of the two rivers, was early re<?- 
ognized as an important point for Che roshippiug of ^ight ao</ 



ibarkation of passengers. The St. Croix, which comes ia 

>ni the north, rises within a few miles of Lake Superior, and 

.after mnning a course of two hundred miles, emptier its waters 

hake St- Croii, twenty-four miles above ito outlet. The lake 

kvlgnble at all times to Stillwater and to Taylor's Falls at the 

let. The Mississippi comes in from the uorthwcat, and is navi- 

lilc to St. Paul, a disliince of thirty uittts. The two channels 

[the j n action are ejU'ii about 1,(>00 feet wide, with an average 

)th of fifteen feet,^nd the banks nlopo to the water's edge, or 

iQ Kome places in vertical lodgos, thas forming a natural 

ly along the entire front of the city. The quay, or lauding, 

iSMmicirualar in shape, the upper terrace, or beuoli, about ono 

hundred fe^ in height, is likewise fteMiioircular, the convexity 

ig toward the river aud lake. Tht^ crest of the terrace is 

down by the rains into ravines, leaving rounded pointe, 

promontories, on the summit nf which the ancient ntound 

llders have left traces of their pecniiar art. The first settle- 

il of ProBcott was made by Philander Presoott, Col. Thompson, 

r. BoMnon, and Cupt. Scott-, the three lost named being army 

at Fort Suelling. Mr. Prescott, acting us agent for the 

kn, tnoile the claim in lH3t), remaining three years to hold it, 

IrhcD it was left' in the care of Joseph Mosier until 1S51. 

in 1637 seven acres were broken und fenced, constituting the 

itire landed improvements within the present bounds of Pierce 

►nnty. In 1840 one hundred and fifty acres were improved. 

]. Bchoser and H. Doc were the first resident farmers. From 

(A \M^ a trading post for Indian supplies was kept by per- 

holding thf claim. W. 8. Ltickwood opened astorein 1$41£, 

and other improvoraents were nuule. As the army ofBcers were 

callcil to other fieliis of labor, Mr. Prcecott soon fonnd himself in 

ftoln posseHsiou of the origi tml ctaim^ he purchasing their interests, 

uicl io 1S19, when Uiu lands tuul been surveyed by the govern* 

li: iitercd sixty-one acres. In 1853 Dr. O. T. Maxon and 

'< ;>{> purch:L^(Ml a grcatt^r part of the town sit^ and sur- 

' uid platted it as the city of Prescot-L A charter was 

w-d in 1.S5T. A post office ha<I he<iu i-stablished h'-re in 1840, 

the '^•Mouth of f*t. Crnix," bnt It was removeti across the 

teud named Point Douglas. The post office was re-eetab- 

at r -T- in 1852. Dr. O. T. .Maxon was first post 

'1 , .er of persons who came that year to Presoott 



is BBtimated at about on« hundred aud fifty.* Mr. 3chaser platted 
an addition to the city of Kixty-one at^res iu 1865. Wbcu the 
city received its charter the following officers were elected: 
Mayor, J. R. Freeman; aldermen, First ward, N. 8. Dunbar, 
Thomas Dlckerson and Seth Ticknor; Second ward, Hilton 
Doe, (Jeorgc W. Oakley, N. A. Miller; president of the council, 
Seth Ticknor; justices of the peace, I. T. Foster, O. Edwards; 
city attorney, P. V. Wise; city surveyor, Wm- Howes; superia- 
tendenl of mdiools, Thomas Dickersou. • 

Wni. Bchaser built the first frame bouse, and Mrs. Wm. Schaser \ 
was the first white woman. Their daughter Eliza was the first 
white child born in the new settlement. The first marria^ was 
that of G. W. McMnrphy to a daughter of >Ir. Rice, April 24, 
184S, The first death was that of W. 8. Lockwood, in 1847. 

When the county of Pierce was organized Presoott was desig- 
nated as the county seat, aud so remained until 1862, when, bji 
popular clectiou, Elb^worth was chosen. 

In 1856 Messrs. Silverthorn & Dudley started a saw mill, 
which they oi)erated outil 1861, when Mr. Dudley purchased 
his partner's iuteresti aud erected a fiuuring auU miyt mill. 

A wagon and carriage manufactoo* was established by F.^ 
Menicke, in 18*32, the Prescott brewery iu 1866. by X. P. Hustings 
and the Prescott machine shops in 1876, by H. B. Failing. Th< 
City Bank of Presoott was organized iu 1858, Charles 9filleo| 
president; W. P. Westfall, cashier; capital stock, 6r>0,iKKi. II 
Oloeed In 1862. The Nation il Bank was established in 1877. by\ 
W. 8. Miller. The first M:h«>ol in Pierce county was laaght by i 
ims8Jonai7 named Dimton, at Prescott, in 1843. In 1851 Miaa" 
Oliver taught a private school. In 1853 the first district school 
was establiidnHl. The school t>oard were: Directors, M. Craig, 
O«org« W. MeMurphy; treasurer, N. S. Dunbar; clerk, Dr. O, 
T. Miucon; te:icher. Miss Matthews. The firsi school house wag 
bniU in 1854. A building for a graded school was erected in 
1859. A high school buUdiDg waserect4Hl iu 1847, at a cost 

The Bret wUglodS society was that of the ilethodists, organ- 
iiod in 1863, under the labors of Rev. Xorris Hobart, Th 

•KoTK.— WbM X lM«h*d tx rnanu U lUS, U vm cwonllj taeva u tb« "VoMh sf : 
CnU." UMUfli by MOM MIM " rmttW LMdlac." TIm r«aU«iit> *«n lUltos Imw. • i 
OMh ttkmm, bmMm^ bWH kMpor: W. g, LNkWMd. MWatiaM ; Jawpli Uiaivr, mm tl 




first building was erected in iS56. Its dimensions wore 20x32 
feet, groand plnn. In 1868 they erected a bailding 40x70 feet, 
ground plan, at a cost of 94,000. 

In 1S54 the Baptist church was organized by Rev. E. W. 

In 1854 the Congregntionalists organized, with Rev. P. Hall 
B8 pastor, and in I85!i bnilt a brick cliurch, 40x50 feet, ground 

Id 1S55 the Presbyterians organized, and in 1SG6 built a 

The Luthemn church wasorganized in 1865, by Ger. C. Thayer. 

Under the preaching of Rev. M. Guild the Episcopal chnrch 
waR organized in 1872. Previous to this date Bev«. Breck, 
Wilcoxson and Peabody hud labored from time to time. The 
Catholic church was organi/.eil by Rev. Father Vervais in 1860. 
Id l.s^iS a church edifice was built. 

The followiug social and benevolent ordei-s have organizations 
in Preecott: 

NortbwBvtern Lnilge, A. F. niid A. M » _orgfiniM<l 18S6 

Prwcolt Lodge, t. O. O. F " 18»8 

Lodge So. 310, L O. G. T " 187« 

PteKottJaTeoile Temple, No. 108 " 1677 

Pnacolt Ti<mplo of Honor '* 1B73 

Ctonrewe Post, G. A. R *' 1884 

PUna Coanty Agricaltarai Society, O. T. Maxos, president " 1859 

The Agricnltui-al Society has fair grounds just east of the city, 
well arranged, with a half mile race track, and buildings in 
)d condition. Fairs are held annually. Pine Glen cemetery 
Is situated on the blnS* half a mile below the city. It was estab- 
lished in 1856. Xatnre has done much for the site. The view 
of the Mississippi valley is unolMtructed for a distance of from, 
twelve to twenty miles on the south, and to the bend of the river 
blnffe above Hastings. The grounds aro handsomely laid out 
and adorned with shrubbery. 


Prescott h;w siiflfered severely from fires. The following is a 
partial list of losses: 

Lottiy JkOo.. mwmiU lorn fS.SOO 

Ttodd A Horton'B mill „ " 2,000 

Stereos, Uchner « Co. (1854) „ - ** 3.000 



Fire ou Maid fttreat (1971) Ion |S2,fX)0 

Fire on Main rtreet (1872) » - " 12,000 

Firt on Main street (1874} - „ " 12,000 

KediDon, CroM A Co., Hoar mills (1877) " 40,000 

The latter was insured for $20,000. Total loss, nearly $76,000. 


Philanprr Preboott was born in 1801, at Pbelpetowo, 
Ontario connty, New York. Late in the year 1S19 he came to 
Fort Snelling and remained there, or in the vicinity, the greater 
port of his life. From his constant association with the Indiiuis, 
especially with the Sioux, he learned to speak their language. 
Ho was also related to them by hifi man-iage with a Sioox 
woman. This fact, added to his influence among them, and be- 
ing a man not only of a high character for integrity, but well edu- 
cated and inti^Uigeut, he was able lo render the officers of the 
Fort much service. He made a tran.slHtiun into the Sioux dia- 
lect of a number of English and French hymns for the use of the 
mission schools near Prescott. He gave his children an Englitdi 
eduuUion. In 1S3.% while ac-ting as Indian interpreter, he came 
to the present site of Prescott, and in conjunction with seTeraJ 
officers of the Fort, he acting as their agent, laid claim to oou- 
siderable territory, and made some improvements in the shape of 
log buildings. When the army officers wore sent to other posts, 
Mr. Prcs<x>tt purchased their int«re9t8 and held the claim. In 
1849, aft#r the government survey, he pre-empted sixty-one 
acres and laid out what he called the city of Prescott. He re- 
sided here and at the Fort altornalely until his death, which 
occurred in 18()2. He had beeu sent by the government on a 
peace mission to the Indians in relH>llion, met them iit a point 
near Muukato, and wha cruelly assassinated by those to whom he 
had ever proven a true friend, and whom he bad every rettsoa 
to suppose friendly to him. 

Geokub Scbashb is a native of Austria, and came to th» 
mouth of the St. Croix in 1841. In 1843 he returned to St. Louia 
and married Christine Bucher. !t[rs. 8chasi>r was the first white 
womau resident in Prescott. Mr. Schaser built the first frame 
houAB in the settlemeut, iu 1844. This hom>e was regarded for 
many years as the finest hoiiae between I'rairie du Chien and St. 
Paul. lo IS55 ?tfr. Schaser 8urveye<i an addition to Prescott oq 


land he had pre-empted in 1849. In 1S58 he built the brick hotel 
known as the St. Nicholas. Mr. Schaser died May 3, 1884, leav- 
ing a widoWf three sons and one daughter. His sons are Henry, 
Edward and George A. His daughter Emma was married to 
Capt. John £. Ball (deceased 1881). An older daughter, Eliza, 
the first child born in Pierce county, was married to E. W. Havi- 
Und, and died in 1880, near New Orleans. 

William S. Lockwood, a native of New York State, came to 
PTMrie du Chien in 1833, and to Prescott in 1S42. The year 
following his fomily followed. Mr. Lockwood died in 1847. His 
Tidow, Georgiana Barton, was married to Orange B. Walker, 
of Marine Mills, and died at Marine, Oct. 9, 1885. 

JiMES MoNBOE BA.ILEY was bom in 1824, in Snllivan county, 

Ifew York, where his youthful days were passed. He came to 

Prescott in 1849, where he has since been engaged in farming, 

mercantile and real estate business. He was married in 1856, in 

Prescott, to Nettie Grippin. They have one son, Victor, and 

two daughters. Myrtle, wife of E. L. Meacham, of Prescott, and 

Jessamine. Mr. Bailey has a very pleasant home in Prescott. He 

has filled various offices, among them that of treasurer and 

elerk of St. Croix county, prior to the organization of Pierce. 

Adolph Weekmax was bom in Germany in 1826; came to 
AmtTicii in 1847, and to Prescott in 1848. He was married at 
Prt'scT>tt in 1856. 

Joseph Manese (alias Joseph Abear) was of French extrac- 
tinn and a native of Lower Canada. While yet a youth lie came 
into the Lake Superior region, wliere he wits employed most of 
his time in hunting and trapping by the fur companies. His 
history, if written in full, would abound in stirring incidents 
and adventures. He was a man of unusual strength and activity, 
ami indisposition light bearted. vivacious and gay even to hi- 
larity. He died in Prescott in 1884. 

Hilton Doe was a native of New York State, and came to Red 

^^iug. as Indian farmer, about 1840. He settled in Prescott in 

^^4, in sections 9 and 10, pre-emptions subsequently surveyed 

into town lots. ilr. Doe married Miss Daily, in Illinois, in 1844. 

Mrs. Doo died in 1860, Mr. Doc in 1884. 

Li'TE A. Taylor, a young man of decided talent, a good classi- 
wl scholar, a brilliant writer and humorist, came to River Falls 
in 1856, and in 1857, with his brother Hoi-ace, established the 



BiverFallB Journal, vhich they coatiQued to publish jointly for 
three years, when Homc« removed to Hudson and efltablisbed 
the Times, Lute A. removed to Prescott, taking with him th 
material of the Journal office, and established the Prescott Jour- 
nal, which he edited and published until 1869, when he remov 
to La Crosse and published the La Ci'o&so Leader until hisdeat 
which occurred in 1872. 

Mr. Taylor was a correspondent of various papers and an 
entertaining lecturer. As a convcrHationalist and wit, he w: 
without a rival. A slight impediment in his speech, if any- 
thing, addtMi to the humoroDs effect of his pithy sayings. He 
well romcmbered in the valley of the St. Croix. A volum 
ooDtainiug his biography and some characteristic sketches h 
been published since hvA death. 

John Huitt, a Canadiau. came to Prescott in 1847, an^ 
erecteil the first blacksmith shop in the village. He waa ma 
ried in Prescott to a daughter of Joseph Hosier, and sobtw- 
queutly pre-empted a quarter section of land on Prescott prairi«. 
Ho built a saw and planing mill on Trimbelle river. Ho di 
at Trimbelle in 1873. 

John >r. Rice was boru in Sudbury, Massachuscttfl, in 1805 
was married in 1328, in Maseachnsctto, to Maty A.QoodeQongh 
came iu 1S37 to Marine, IlllDois, and in 1847 to Prescoti 
Mr. Rice was a house carpenter, but followed also the busin 
of farming. Ho was an upright man aud a memlier of the Co 
gregational church. He died in 1S78, leaving one son, T)a 
O., living iu Prescott; a dHiighler, Maria A., wife of G. W. 
Murphy, of Prescott^ and a daughter in Illinois. 


The feud Iwtween the Siou.\ aud Cluj)]wwaa originated 
prehistoric timcfi and frum causes not uuw known. It ttas Tw^-^ — ^ 
a tribal vendetta, continuous and relentlass, witlt the advantu^^-^^ 
in favor of theChii)pewiLs, who, in the course of time, havcst^^s:^^. 
Uy forced the Sioux westward from the Sault Ste. Marie to *:, Jnp 
Mississippi at Prescott. Wegive the folloiKiug account of ouc 
of their battles, being an Iudi:in version, ti-anslaled and writ-t^^-Tj 
out by Philander PrtSicOtt. This fight oceurred in 1711. on ttM^J 
site of the city of Prescott As the Indiaus had Iwen 8appli«j^|| 

by the French with firearms as early as 1700, there is nothing 




raprobable in their alleged use on this occasion. But for tbe 
**The Chippewa8,athoa8an<1 atronjr. at tacked a camp of eighteen 
ioux lodges by night and killed nu>8t of the warriors. The wo- 
en and cliildren Hed to the canoes, and, jumping ia, pushed 
om the shore, but, in their hurrj', without paddles. A large- 
K?ddy in the river carried the canoes roond and round, and, as. 
itlicy swept near the shore, the Chippewas seized them, pulled 
Kiicm to Che shore and butchered the women and children. A 
tfew Sioox warriors had tied up the bauk of the lake, where they 

Eid in creviceft and cav^ of the roeks. Tlie ('hippew:is discnv- 
red tJieir hiding places and killc<l all but one, who rushed from 
is retreat, and, dixing again and again in the lake, swam for 
fthc opposite shore. As often as his heiid appeared above the 
■^Hrater the Chippewas fired a volley of bullet*, which fell around 
■ike hail, but harmlessly. The bold swimmer finally reac-hcd 
e opposite shore unharmed, when he gave a whoop of joy and 
■lia^peared in the thicket. The Chippewas, fill*Ml with admira- 
on at his daring exploit, returned his farewell whoop with iu- 


Occapiee township 27, range 18, and a tier of two sections fron* 
range 19. Trimhelle river drains the eastern portion and the 
Kinnikinlc the northwest. Its early history is idenlilied with 
the history of River Falls city, it* first settlement. It was- 
organized in 1S51, as Greenwood, bnt in 185S the name was. 
Ranged to Bivcr Falls. As Kiver Falls city was not incorpo- 
rated until 1885, we shall give its early history in connection with 
tiiat of the towu. 

The first settler was Joel Foster, in the fall of 1848. Tn IMft 
came D. MfOregor,^ .Tames and Walter Mapes; in 1850, Messrs. 
H»y«*, Ti>, Penn and Parks, and not long after the Powells 
and Clark Oreen. These early settlei-s chose loaitions at, or 
near, the present site of River Falls city, and along the banks 
of the Kinnikinlc, which here, owing to its numerous wnter- 
&lLs, offered nuusnal facilities for milling and manufai^tnriug. 
The first crop was raised by J«d F(«ter, in 1849. The first s;iw 
mill was built in 1851 by the brothers N. N. and O. S. Powell, 
jast below the site of the present Greenwood mill. This was 
homed in 187C. In 1854 the Powell brothers platted the village 



of River Falls, called jt first, KinDikiuic, setting apart fortbi 
pnrposetwo hnndred acres of land. This plat included the np-< 
per wttt4>r(all8 within tho present city limits. The largest W( 
power they donated to C. B. Cox as a mill sit-e, to encoui 
settlement iu the village. The brothers co-operate4 in bDildiug 
ii]i the village, amongst other things building a Irame Htore and' 
st^icking it with gtuMls. TIiih wan the fimt Htore in the Kinni- i 
kinic valley. They dealt also in n^l estate and lamber. Th^A 
name of River Falls, m applied to the village, dates from the™ 
establishment of the first post office, in 18&4. Charles Hutthioson 
was the first postmaster, and the office was held iu this pioneer 
stoi-o. .T. S. Rounce, in 1870, built the first foundry in Pi* 

Thi» water iwwei-s of River Falls have been extensively t 
lze<1, many saw and flouring millH having been erected at variousrj 
times on the Kinnikinic Of those, in 1886, the more notabh 
are. the Jnnction mills, owned l>y Freeman, Rhydor & Co., with 
a capacity of 400 barrels daily, and a barrel manufactory, 
attached, which gives employment to 40 meu aod turns of! froi 
:iOO to 400 barrels daily. The Greenwood niill.*i. owned by G«;o* 
Fortune & Co., capacity 50 barrels; the Csscade mills, owni 
by the Baker estate, capacity 50 barrels; the Prairie mill, boUl 
by C. B. Cox in 185S, and now owned by J. D. Pnttuun^ oapi 
ity 150 barrels. 

In educational matters River Falls has taken and maintainf 
an advanoi'd position. The first school house was built iu 16&4«J 
by seven meu, at a cost of five hundred dollars. Helen Flinl 
taught the first school. In 1856 a joint stock association wd 
incorporated as "The River Falls Academy.'' A building we 
erected, 36x66 feet, ground plan, and two stories iu height,] 
Prof. Wilcox was the first principal. This school wasmaintaim 
"as an academy until I860, at which time it was superseded b] 
the (rm schools. In the fall of 1879 the building was destroy* 
by fire. Sulweqnently a commodious brick structure was erect 
in its place at a cost of #15,000. Excellent private school 
were maintained by Hinckley, Cody and Baker, for five yi 
duriug the 'OOs. The State Xoruml School, of which a moi 
exttiudcd accouut is given elsewhere, was estoblished here, aui 
a building erected in 1874, at a cost of about $65,000, the peopl 
of River Falls and other towns contributing to this fund ♦25,< 


TJth private subscriptions to the amout of $12,000, and a dona- 
(ioD of ten acres of land. Of the $25,000 Biver Falls gave 
110,000, Troy $4,000, Clifton $3,000, while Pierce county con- 
tribated $5,000, and Kinnikinic, St. Croix county, gave $3,000 
Xhd boilding, a handsome brick, four stories high, including 
the baBement, stands on an elevated plat of ground in the south- 
eaetern part of the city. The first board of instruction consisted 
of W. D. Parker, president, with the following assistants: J. B. 
Thayer, oonductor of teachers' institute; A. Earthman, history, 
geography, music; Lucy E. Foot, English literatni-e, reading, 
Bpelliog; Julia A. McFarlan, mathematics; Margaret Hosford, 
Latin and English literature. Model department, Ellen C. 
Jones, teacher, grammar grade; Mary A. Kelley, teacher, inter- 
mediate grade; Lizzie J. Curtis, teacher, primary grade. 

The following are the churches of River Falls, with date of 
establishment and name of first pastor when known: Congre- 
gational, 1855, Bev. James Stirratt; Baptist, 1857, Rev. A. Gib- 
bod; Methodist, 1858; Episcopal, 1871, Bev. Chas. Thorpe; Cath- 
olic, 1675, Bev. Father Connelly; Seventh Day AdvBntist, 1881. 
Witii the exception of the last named, these church organiza- 
tions have good buildings. The Congregational church building 
erected in 1857 was superseded by a building in 1867 that cost 
?10.(H)0. This was destroyed by a tornado in 1868, but has since 
been rebuilt at the cast of the building destroyed, and a parson- 
age has been added at a cost of ?<2,000. 

A Sunday -school was established in River Falls in 1853, and 
the first sermon was preached, in 1850 or 1851, by Rev. Julius S. 
Webber, a B:i.ptist missionary. Rev. John Wilcoxson, an Epis- 
copalian, hold occ:i8ioual services as early as 1859. 


The following are the social and beniwolcut a.ssociations of 
Eiver Falls, with dates of organization: Masonic Lo(l{?<^, June, 
l-SM(:r. 0. O. F., 1872; I. O. G. T., March 1.1, 1877: Juvenile 
Temple of Honor, March 15, 1877; Temple of Honor, Marcli 31, 
ISTS; A. O. U. "W., 1878. The hall, fixtures and charter of the 
OJil Fellows Lodge was destroyed in the fire of 1876, but the 
loiige wa« i-echartered the same year. 




Was organized Jan. 1, 1874. Rartlett, president; Josej'^ 

M. Smith, cM«hipr. Capital, #I.%0(K). It waa reorgantaed in 
1S83, nnder state law, R. S. Barhyte, president; W. D. Parter, 
vice president; J. M. Mmith, cashier. Capital stock, $35,000. 
Totai bnsiness in 1885. *5,770, 733.98. 


This roail was bnilt in 1878, the people of River Falls contrib- 
uting ^0,000 to its construction. The road is ten milee itt 
Icngtb. lu 1SS5 it was extended to Ellsworth^ a distance of 
twelve miles. 


Was establislied in ISSi. A. D. Andrews, president; O. H. 


Iul875the MetropolitanHotel, costing $15,000, and other bail 
ing^ were burned; loss $30,000. The insunince was light. Id II 
a large portion of the town was destroyed by fire. 


River Falls was incorporated as a city in 1885. At the 
election for city officers, held April 7th, three hundred 
nineteen votes were cast, aud the following persuns were decLai 
duly i>lecte<l to the positions named: Mayor, A. A. Andre 
treasurer, G. E. Pratt; assessor, E. H. Daniel; aldermen. First 
ward, W. W. Wadsworth; Second ward, L. M. Rosenqtiiiit'; Third 
ward, 11. N. Jeuson; Fourth ward, L. Styles; marshal, B. N. Bev- 
ens; city clerk, Allen H. Weld. The license for the snle of 
intoxicants was fixed at 92110. The population of River FalU in 
ISSti was 1,700. It is » lively, prosperous city, planned on a lib- 
eral scale, with wide streets, well shaded with ornamental trees. 
The mills have roser\*ations by which they are separat«xl fi 
the bosiuesspart of the city. The beauty of the original wnLe! 
falls is somewhat marred bj the mills and their debris. Origin- 
ally they were very beautiful and picturcsqae, aud were widely 
c<'lebr:it<'d, uitd much visited by the lovers of Xatare. Of thi«r 
falls there are four, two on the south branch, one on the north 




branch, and one some rod.s below the jnnotion of the two streams. 
Tbe fidls were not noted for their graudear, bat rather for their 
4)uiet beauty, the water falling over ledgee bat a few feet iu height, 
and 8o broken iu two of them aa to present the general appear- 
jinoeof asQcceRHion of atairs, or st«iHS, of unecjual elevation^ omr 
which the wHterfallH. AnintereHtiiigfeatnreatthejiinctionof the 
two rivers is the cave in which the pioneer settler, Jndge Joel 
Foster, with his negro Iwy, spent the winter of 1848—49. From 
his cave cabin he had fnll view of the falls on the two streams, 
no less beautiful in their winter dress of gleaming icicles, with 
the frost-whitened boughs of the willow and alder drooping over 
them, than in their summer brightness. The Judge has told me 
that he lovt^d, almost worshiped, this spot. The cave cabin stood 
a>K>nt ouH hnndred feet from the sparkling stream. There, in 
the early morning, he could cast his line, and have for his reg:il 
breakfast the speckled tront. Above bim towered a precipice 
crowned with evergreen trees, and around him, on the borders 
of the streams, were the elm and maple, and an undergrowth of 
lUder and birch. There certainly could have been no feirer scene 
in (he West^ To-day no traces remain of the old cave cabin. The 
Junction mills have effaced the more beautiful and poetic fea- 
tnres of theacene. Tbe judge has passed away, and found a grave 
on an elevation overlooking his old home and the scenes he loved 
BO well. The judge, ulthoagh a friend to progrefts, and active 
in advancing the material interests of the locality in which he 
lived, was nnalterably opposed to tbe movement to incorporate 
River Palls, and did all he could to defeat the measure. When 
the iocorporative act had l>een passed, he moved outride of the 
city limittf, declaring that he would neither live nor die within 
tbem; bnt having been fatally ii^jnred by an accident, he woa 
'brought back to his old home, and died within the city. 



The oonstttation of the 8tate, a<lopted in 1848, provides "that 
the revenue of the school ftind shall be eicloaively applied to the 
following ohjecta: 

^-J-'irat — To the sapport and maintenance of common schools 
in each school district, and the purchase of suitable libraries 
aod appurtenances therefor. , 



*^Seeond — That tbe residue of the income of the school farr ad 
shall be appropriated to the support of academies aud nnr ,, »; 
schools, aud suitable libraries aud apparteuauoea therefor." ^^ 

No effort was made to take adv'aut>age of this provision of t^ 1e 
eoDBtitntloQ for the eudowmeut of normal schools nntil 18^57, 
Then an act was paswtd providing *'that the income of twen*-^' 
five per cent of the proceed.^^ arising from the sale of swamp %.xm^^ 
overflowed lands should be appropriat«d to normal institates a^^^I^ 
academies, under the supervision and direction of a 'board *^^^ 
regents of normal schools,' "' who were to be appointed in pursu- ^^ 
auce of the provisions of that act. Under this law, the iutsomt^^gd 
placed at the disposal of the ref^euts was distributed for several 
years to such coUe-Kcs, academies aud high schools as maintained 
a normal class, and in proportion to the number of pupils in the 
class who p!u»ed satisfactory examinations, oondacted by u 
agent of the IxKird. 

The law under which these schools are organized provides that 
"the exclusive purpose of each normal school shall be the iu- 
fitruction and training of persons, both male and female^ in thn 
theory and art of teaching, and iu all the various brauchcB that 
pertain to a good common school education, and in all stibj«ctB 
needful to qualify for teaching in the public schools; also to give 
instmction in the fundamental laws of tbe United States and of 
this 8tat«, and in what regards the rights and duties of citizens." 


Tuition is free to all studeuta who are admitted to these normal 
schools under the foltowiug regulations of the boani of regents: 

First — Each assembly dimtrict in the State shall be entitled to 
eight representatives in the normal schools and in case vacan- 
cies exist in the representation to which any assembly district is 
entitleil, snoh vacancies may be filled by the president and sec- 
retary of the board of regents. 

Second — Candidates for admission shall be nominated bj* the 
superintendent of the county (or if the oounty Hnperint^^-mlent 
has not juri^lictiun, then the nomination sliall be mado by tbe 
city superintendent) in which snob candidate may reside, and 
shall be at least sixteen years of age, ofsonnd bodily health aud 
good moral character. Each pcrsou so nominated shall re>oeiv« 
A oertificote setting forth his name, age, health and charader. 


Tkird — Upon the presentation of such certificate to the presi- 
dent of a normal school^ the candidate shall he examined, nnder 
the direction of said president, in the branches required by law 
fyr a third grade certificate, except history, theory and practice 
of teaching, and if found qualified to enter the normal school in 
itKpect to learning, he may be admitted after furnishing snch 
evidence as the president may require of good health and good 
laoral character, and after subscribing to the following declara- 

I, , do hereby declare that my pnrpose in entering 

tbis State Normal School is to fit myself for the profession of 
teaclung, and that it is my intention to engage in teaching in the 
gcbools of the State. 

.FV»rA — No person shall be entitled to a diploma who has not 

tyeexi a member of the school in which such diploma is granted, 

at least one year, nor who is lees than nineteen years of age; a 

certificate of attendance may be granted by the president of a 

normal school to any person who shall have been a member of 

Bach school for one term; provided, that in his jndgmeut snch 

certificate is deserved. 

As an addition to the work of the normal schools, the board 
of r^^nts are authorized to expend a sam not exceeding $5,000 
annually, to sustain teachers' institutes, and may employ an 
Agent for that pnrpose. Institutes are regarded as import:int 
auxiliaries and feeders to the normal schools. At present one 
professor from each normal school is employed conducting insti- 
tutes every spring and fall. 

The uormal school fund now amounts to over $1,250,000, and 
yields an annual income of about §100,000. It will be increjised 
by the further sale of swamp lands, and will prove ample for the 
objects for which it is set apart. 

In 1865 the legislature divided the swamp lands and swamp 
land fand into two equal parts, one for drainage purposes, the 
other to constitute a normal school fund. The income of the 
latter was to be applied to establishing, supporting and main- 
taining normal schools, under the direction and management of 
the board of regents of normal schools, with a proviso that 
one-fourth of such income should be transferred to the common 
school fund, until the annual income of that fund should reach 
^200,000. During the same year, proposals were invited fur ex- 



toudiug aid in cHtablishmeut or a normal school^ and propoai- 
tioDfi wei-e received from vai'iou.s places. 

In IStitf the board of regeuta wiu; incorimrated by the legis- 

JoBL Foster, — Judge Foster was born at Meriden, Connecti 
cut, Dec 15, ISU. He was liberally educat^sd. He came to Ed-' 
wardsville, IlliDoiSf in 1830, and to Hnd^on, then known as 
Bnena Vista* in 1$4S. Aftor a carcfiil exploration of the couu- 
try be made choice of the valley of the Kiuuikiuic, and mad 
him a home in the full of 1848, at' the junction of the tv* 
liranche.s of that stream, anil within sound of it« beautiful 
cades. lie was the pioneer settler of the lliver Falls of to-da 
He built the first dwclllDg bonse, raised the first crops, and ev 
proved himself a worthy citizen, first in every good work an 
enterprise. He was a man of far more than ordinary iutetUgeu 
and moral worth, was temperate, iudaatrioas. pablic spirit 
sagaciouH and independent. He ha8 fillfd many positions ol 
responflibllity, amongst them that of judge of 8t. Croix county. 
During the Mexican War he served ais a qnartermaster in On! 
Bisseirs Second Illinois Regiment. Judge Poflt<'r was married 
Chicago in 18r>6 to Charlotte Torch. lie died at his home 1 
Kiver Falls^ Aug. 9, 1885. 

Jesse B. Thayer was born Ort. 11. 184.%, in .Tanesville, Wis? 
cousin; was wlncated at Milton CkiUege in 1870, and is by pro. 
fession a teacher. Dnring the Rebellion he served in th 
FortJeth and Forty-ninth Wisconsin VoInnteer8a8aprivat«\ Hi 
served five years as principal of the public schools In Menoino 
uie, and since 1S75 has been connected with the Stnte Korniiil 
School at River Falls as coudnctor of institutes. In 1SS5 he yv 
elected to represent Pierce county in the state assembly. 

A. D. Andrews. — Dr. A. D. Andrews wa« born in Lowell. 
Maine. Sept. 21, 18:10. He gnuluated at the Chicjigo Medl 
College In IRW), and in 1801 was commissioned assi.stant surgeo 
of the Sixth Wisconsin Infantry, of the famous Iron Brigade,' 
with which he served up to the battle of Uettysburg. Aftei 
retiring from the army he came to River Falls and en 
in milling, in which buKinem he. snccessfully c^mtiuued nnti 
1880, when he relireil, Hr was elected stJile senator in 187; 
He was appointed a regent of the Fourth State Normal School 
In 1877.. Ue died at bis home in River Falls, after a short illn 



July 23, 1883. He was mayor of the city at the time of his 

Joseph A. Short. — Mr. Short was born in Madison county, 

\e\%' York, April 16, 1800. He learned the trade of a millwright. 

He visited the East and West Indies. He came to Milwaukee in 

l!>-iti. In 1849 he went to Califoruia, but returned in 1854, and 

sfttled in River Fulls, where he built a saw and planing mill, 

laid out an addition to the village and in various ways promoted 

the intert'Sts of the settlement. Mr. Short was a member of the 

HotLinltKl: church sixty years, and of the Masonic fraternity fifty 

years. He was married Aug. 25, 1831, in New York, to Olive 

Fros^^n. He died at his home, May G, 188G, aged eighty yeai'S, 

leavi ng a son and three daughters. 

jVI-len H. Weld. — Prof. A. H. Weld, widely known as a 

pioneer fH]u»itor, and as the author of an excellent grammar, 

«-n» born in Yermont in 1810. He graduated at Yale College. 

lie came to River Falls in 1858 and taught the iiret graded 

scbool lu the village. For two years he was principal of the high 

scYtool at Undson. and for six 3'ears was superintendent of 

ftcUools in St. Cn)ix county. He was a member of the state 

board of regents nine years, and was prime mover in securing 

th*- IncsUion of the State Normal School at River Falls. The 

»:N.<-t-Il"'iit cliuriifter of tho schools in St. (_'n>ix county, and the 

lii'^li I'diK'utional i)osition of lUver Fiills. are due to his uiitiriiifj 

•■ftnitiiinl wis*: direction. Mr. Weld was n member of the <!'on- 

•^rt'g-atiuiial church and a consistent Cliristiun as well us a i>ro- 

;:ri-sqvi*. public si)irite<l man. He died in I.SS-*. at his home in 

llivi?r Fiilis. leaving a widow and one son, ^Vllen J*. 

Ai.i.KN P. Wr.Li) was born in North Varmoutli, Main*', in 
^:«t. In imi he graduated at Darlnionth College. He studied 
l:i* iiiiil was admitted to practice in 18li7. at Albany. New York, 
ilf taiiplit school at Albany three years, and (^atne to River Falls 
in l\"i!i. where he is a <lealer in real estate, lie wjus married in 
1'*'"- U( .Vliee Fowell. daughter of Lynntn Powell. 

'JKiJiifii; W. Nionoi-swas born in 17^>"i, at IJraintree. Vermont. 
His Ditlicr was a soldier in the Revolution. At Iheat^eof'seven- 
f*'f!i 111- enlisted and served in the war of 1.S12. He lived in 
^t-rmoiit fifty ycai-s, in Massachusetts ten years, and in 1855 eanie 
I'diivt'i- Falls, where he engaired in fanning until he was ci;;lity 
vrtiiN of age. He was marric<l in Vermont to Deborah Jlobait, 

I'll mu .^ 

who died in 1874. His sons George H. aud William H. rtsii 
iu River Falls. They weru soldiers during tlit- war of the 
lii^liuu. His sou Isaac N. waa* a member or Capt. Bamnrl 
oompuny, uiul w;ls killed :U Perr>'sville. Kenlncky. Thi:<>raD 
Army of the Republic post Jit River Falltt has his name, 
died in 18S7. 

W. D. Parker. — Frofc Parker was I»orn iu BradfonI, O 
county, Vermont, in IS30. He received a cunimun school 
academic c«lucatiuu. At the age of sixteen years he entered II 
Jani'sville HIgli School, aud lour yejirs later gr.idaated. 
tnughl two 3'e:ii'8 in Janc.svill«^, lour ye^irs at- ]>olavau, and tv~^ 
yejir in Monroe, Green county, Wiiwongin. In 1S67 he vtsitz:-^ 
ICurope, lifter which he tanght two years at Luke Geneva, W"^ j 
cousiu. He was superintendent of schools live years at .Jaik. ^i^ 
Tille. In 1875 he was elected to the pi-esidency of the Foa-«— 4 
StAt« Xormal School at Kiver FalU. In ISSti hi> wati ele&^t>4E 
stale superintendent of public instruction. Prof. Parker 
married to Justine B. Hcwcs, of Chicago, iu IStiW. 

Tub Powell Family.— William Powell, the fiither. came* 
River Falls in 1840. where he lived with his sons until his ileiw 

Nov. 30, 1805. His second wife vrm the widow of l^iyloJ 

and the mother of Horace and Lute Taylor, the well known joiir 
tmlistH. Mi-K. PowoU died iu July* 1SS4. 

Lyman Powell came to River Falls ttith his family in ISfS. 
Ue was married to Lutuuda TayUir, sister of Horace aud Lute 
Taylor. Mr. Powell dieil at River Palls, Nov. 9, 1872, leaviug a 
wife, two s'>ns and five daughters. 

IsATUANiEL N. PowKLi-, the secoud son. bom May II, 1827, 
in Bt^ Lawrence county, Now York, came to River Falls in 1S49, 
and pre-empted the northeast quarter of section 1, now a psirt 
of the sitif of River Falls city. He was married to Martha Auo 
Hartf Sept. 'i8, 1842, at Hudson. He died at River Falls* Sept. 
28, IKOS, leaving one son aud oue daughter. 

Oliver S. PowklIt the youngest son, was born June 19. 1R3I, 
and came to Hancock county, Illinois, in 1843, where hv lir«d 
eight years. He had no great opportnuitic« for gaining an t^la- 
catiun. He came to Stillwater iu 1849. bringing with hini tht> 
first threshing maehiue north of Pntiriv du Chien. He thrwUied 
the 0rst grain threshed iu the county in the fall uf that year,, 
for Fiske. on a lana three miles below Stillwater. In Novem- 



l>or, IRift. he locAt«d in Ktver Falls, prc-emptiug the south half 

of tlic wnthe^ist ijimrti^r 01' aectlou 30, lowu 28, vAugQ 19, lands 

lying just north of Ihnsu claimed l\v Iiis brother, and which iifliT- 

K'wurc] bentine :t jiart of Rivpr Piills. Mr, Powell was a ri'prijsen- 

ptfttive iu the state as.sBinbly in IS70-7I-72, and was a Ronnty 

comtuis^iouer many years. He was married in I64>0 to Klmiia 

Xichcjl's. They have three sons, Uurv<'y C, KeweM is. aud Lyman 

'^'1 uuil four daugbtci-8, Lucy M., Sarah H., Amy £., aud 


• Nils p. H-vmiES w:wboru in Norway in lS-19;t*amHto Anieric:! 
^n ISA:* and to Uiver Falls in 1854. His graduateJ iu the law de- 
fitment of Michigan f^tnte UniverKily in 1874. Mr. Hangen 
^'W pliuuogi-aphic reporter of the Kighth and Eleventh Jndieial 
'^fcuits for several yeai*s, and a mendx-r of the assembly from 
P'erce county in 1879 aud 80. lie was elected railroad cummi»- 
fiioDer for Wiseonsiu iu 18S1, and re-eleet^'d iu 1884. In 1S8G he 
**** eltfte.d representative to Congrt'SS. 

tt. li, \V'\D«WOttTU was born July 10, 1821. iu Erie connty^ 
Sew York. He learned the. Inide of a shoemaker, came West 
'" 1«S40, and settled at River Falls some lime in the 'OOs, and 
"•gained iu farming. He has filled many positions of triusl iu the. 
^* Cmix valley, and iu ISiil represented St. Crois county iu 
^_'- :m^mbly. In 1841 he was married to ^fiKs A. R. Balihrin. 
**Bht children have been Iwrn t« them. 


'^'■Wdi-s towuship 26, range 15. It organized as a (own 
-">v. i(i^ is<iti. The first town meeting wiui htld at the of 
*• Pvickett. The lirst commissioner was Sylvester Fox, chair- 
J*****- The past offiees are at Roek Elm, on the we-stern line 
_o( (lie town, section 19, and Rock Flia l^ntre, sections IG 
17. At the latter place is locateil Rock Elm Institute, a 
sr, ,; of high gnide, founded iu iSSO. Harrison Lowater ia the 
J I i[)al. The U>wu i.s well supplied with schools, there beiug 
MASnuy as uiue within its limits. Among it« hi-st settlers were 
looaui Kelloggr Charleis A. Hawn and Sylvester Fu.x. 

&M\tm occupies township 25, range 16. It is drained by 
BiuJi river. It was orgamzetl as a town Jan. 13, 1862. Firel, 


board of supervisors, C. C. Carpenter, Eben Whit« and J. 
SluittM. TIu' fii-st school was mnght in 1857, by Thompson Mi 
Chniiy. Tht! first, niarriagft wiis that of Harvey Seeley and Ka" 
McKiiistry. The first child born was Sanih Fnllcr. Thi- tii 
death was that of JohnMcCleary, Sept- 2, 1863. The firet 
office was established at Rush Uiver, May 18(J0, Joseph Swl( 
postmiister. The first settlers were Jeremiah Fuller, fr 
Ohio, and W. Wells, 184fi; Hirvey Seeley, 1848; Thomas Boy 
and James White, 1854; John F. Davis from Ireland, 18M (to' 
clerk tweuty years); John U. Brasington, from Penusylvai 
(town trejisurer fifteen years): Kben White, James Walsiugh.' 
John Strong, H, M. flicks, from Pennsylvania, 1858; John Fo^ *£^y 
and brothers, from Ireland, 1856; James H. Shiiltji, Jo8^,^::i» •^^ 
Seeloy, II. C. Urowii, Jofin McChire, from Indunil; C. C. ^x::^^ 
Ira W. CVirpeuter, from Connecticut, 1858. 

Mi-s. Fuller, the wife of the pioneer, was here over six montfib^ "*' 
during which time she did not see a white woman. 


Ik the extivme northeastern town of the eonnty, owupying town- ' 
ship 27, range 15. The post offices are Oak llidge and Spring 
Valley. The town was oigauized Nox*. 10, 18C8. The first toim 
ineel inf; wiu* held at the housi; nf A. M. Wilcox. The fin*i super- 
visors were: W. D. Akei-s, dmirmau; Jonas Xeblt: IjcvI Hca, 
clerk. The first school was laflght in 1866, by Agne» Hnrrimaxk. 
The Mi'lliodist and Bnplist ehiirchcs have organizations, and thi* 
Methodists have a building worth five hnndred-doMaj-s. Th** 
first mnrringn was that of H. M. Wilcox to Sirs. KaU' Ricis of 
Lakf City, by W. D. .A.kei-s, Jnstici' of the pejK'e. The first rhild 
biirii was a daughter of OW. P. flardner. The first ili-ntli was 
that of LiKtt-1 Wilcox, in 1804. The fii*»t postniaster was U. H. 
Preston, 1871. The first settlers in the ordej- of (heir eomiog 
were Jamej* Gilmoro, O. P.Oaidncr, George Wilcox, John Fnin 
ui.scoaud W. D. Akers. * 


Trenton contains about Iwenty-eight sections, those ou th' 
Mississippi having very irregular boiiiidai'ios. Tweuty-four 
M'hule sections li(^ in township '2Ii, r.ingtilS. and tlie ii i 
In towi'Sliip 24, ran^re IS. TriMilon, in section ."J-'J, l»»w i^ . - 
is Its post viltogc. Trenton was organized la 1857; Juuica Akers, 



chairman of supervisors. Wilson Thing, the pioneer settler, 
came iQ 1818. 


Trimbelle inoladcs township 26, range 18. Its post villages 
are Trimbelle and Beldenville. It waa organized March 2, 1855. 
Its supervisors were F. Otis, chairman^ and Aaron Cornelison. 
Among its earliest settlers were the Ck)ri)clisons, F. Otis and M. 
B. Williams. It bafi four saw mills and one flouring mill, five 
school bouses and one church (Methodist). 
. Martin B. Williams was born iu Xew York in 1812. He re- 
oeLred a common school education, and at the age of sixteen years 
was thrown upon his own resources. He learned the trade of 
blacksmith. He was married in New York, and has four sons, 
Clark M., Frank T., G. Glen and A. Judd. Mr. Williams is one 
of the pioneer settlers of Trimbelle, and has held many public 
town and county positions. He sei-ved as treasurer of Pierce 
county four years. He has been a jocal preacher in the Metho- 
dist Episcopal church for over thirty years. 


Vnion consists of townshii> 25, range 15. It is drained by 
Plum creek. It has two jwst offices, Plum Creek, in section 24, 
and Olio, soetion 6. It wius organized Aug. !">, 1803. Among its 
first st^ttler* wore Eleazer Holt, Himnt X. Wood, and Capt. Hoi-st, 
Thomailc their homes here in the early '50s. 






Burnett eonnty was oanied in honor of a genial, kind he* x I 

:uul «;r«nl.rin liiwycr, Thoiniw Pendlfton Burn(4t^ of Pmirit?- < 
Chien. It is somewhat irregular in outline, :in(l i» boundt^«i "- 
tho north by Douglas, on the cost by Barron, on the w>uL2i k 
Polk ftnd Barron counties, aud ou the west by the St. Croix ri v^^_f 
U includfs tiiwiisUiiw 37 to 42, range 14; from US to 42, range I "*' 
from 38 to 41, ranges IC and 17; from 37 to 40, ranges IS and 1 -^'" 
from 37 to 3-H, range 20. Seven of these townsliipa bordering cr' _ 
the St. Croix are fraetioual. Much of th** soil of thn count^ 
is a sandy loam admirably suited to cereals and reget'iiblciu. 
Some townships in the southeast are first class wheat laotK The 
timber Is mostly a thicket-like growth of smajl piues, cjnstitat- 
ing what is caile<1 pine b:irrf*ns. The .southeast portion of the 
county i» timbered with hanlwoodK. It i» drained by the St. 
Croix, Trade, Wood, Clam, Yellow, and Xamakagon rivers, 
Milh their trihutarie*, and with theWooil lakes C^^ig >^ud Little), 
Mud Uen, Trade, Yellow, .Spirit, aud nnmerous other lakes. 
There arc besides many thodsand acreis of marsh laniL These 
marsh lands are by no means ralneless, as thL*y Iiai*e given rise 
Ion very important industry — the growing of cranberries. There 
are 5ne deiKtsils of iron. Large tracts of bog' ore are found in 
townships 38 to 41, ninges 1« to 19. There is an abundanno of 
wild meadow land, e:wily ilraintnl and pruIiUiblc to stock growers. 

The settlers of this oounty are, for the greater part, Svedi.'ih 
and Xorwcgian emigrants, an intelligent, moral and reli^ooa 
ebissof people who, while they cherish the traditions, maniiera. 



-ctistoins and langua^ of Iheir native conntrj-, still readily adapt 
tbemselres to American iostitntious, takinf; kiniDy to our com- 
moD school system and to other distinctive fcutiiree of rlirir 
adopt«dooautry. A liberal npirit has characterized thfwe pt'^ople 
'in building roads, bridges, school houses, cburches, and m:ikiiig 
-4>ther pnbliir jnipn^vemenls. They have succeeded well also in 
their private euterpristis, the cultlvatiou of lurmsaudtho build- 
ing of homeH. 


The county, originally r part of Polk, was set ofT March 1, 
IS.'ifi, and inclniled also at that time, and till the year lft77, the 
present county of Washburn. It i^'as organized in lS(i5. The 
first county officers, appointed by the governor, were: .ludge, 
NiDirod H. Hickerson; clerk of court, Canute Anderson; register 
of dfed.s Peter Aiidei-soii; treasurei-, S. Thompson; sherifT, j^fur- 
tin B. Johtwiin; <llstriet attorney, .raeoh Liirson. Oranl^sbnrg 
TRW fwlcctcd as the county seat. The first pjounty Supervisors, 
consisting of Michael Jenson, chairman. Thore Ingebritson and 
Peter Anderson, met Jan. 24, ISG.1. The fii-st election w;ia held 
at the house of I«'lmrod H. Hickerson, Nov. 7, 1805. Tlie ftrst 
frame house in the county was built at (Jrautsbuig in 18C5, by 
W. H. Peck. The first crops were raised in township 39. i-ange 
18, by Charles Ayer. The Ouanees of the couuty have been nmn- 
Agcd discreetly. The state drainage fund was judiciously ex- 
pended. The iirst deed recorded in Burnett county was a tax deed 
from Prflk county to Simon Estouson, of the soutlieiisl ([uarter 
of the southwest quarter of section .15, t^iwu.ship .1S, range 10. It 
beare date Jan. 20. IWMi. 


fio prominent a feature in Burnett and other counties in North- 
vest- Wiseonsiu, consist of s:uidy stretcht'S of uudulating. (hough 
sometimes of levid lands, sparsely t^Hjvered with a growth of 
young pines, generally of the Black Prince variety. In some 
pl:ui>M, wh*'re the trees are crowded thickly together, thi-y are 
not unlike immense cane-brakes. The trees, from their prox- 
Inityf bare grown very tall and sleudor. Tim lateral branehes, 
crowded tog'rfJier and deprived of snnsliine, have perished early 
the growth "if the young trees is chietly vertical. The lower 
lllmbe renmiuing attached to the trunks give the young 



foi-est a peculiarly ragged and tangled appearani*. There 
abundant evidence t« prove the existence nf ancient pine fori 
where these pine barrens are now the only growth. In Tartsoc:^ 
of the larger trees arc still standing, and the charred trnnka a-^ 
decaying icuiuauts of others. The gradations from thf youn^^- 
to the older growth may be very plainly seen. Fire is nndoiil 
^lly the efficient cause of the Rtunted and irregular growth 
the pine barrens. The nmtnred forests are dtwtroyed by fi 
and are succeeded by the yonng pines which arefnrtlier rt'dnc^=r 
and injured by annual lires. It is a uiistnkc to snpjiose that 
soil of these barrens is ucc&ssarily poor. Many of them hav<_^ 
black, sundysoil. capable of pmdnciiig fine ci'ops. In must 
tbem there is a dense nndergrowth of blueberry bushes, proti fl^ 
ing annually millions and millitinsof' bushels of tlieir small 1;^^ 
luscious fruit. 


Burnett county is not without the trnditions of lawlessiiea 
and murder that tarnish so many frontier settlementK, and here, 
as eluewhere, the primal cause of most of snch crimes is whisky. 
Whisky maddens the brain and nerves the arm of the ajssnccin. 
Whisky hardens the heart and blinds the eyes to w*hat js right, 
and (lie sale of whislty on the frontier, antiiorizcd or unauthor- 
ized, in nearly all eases the latter, is the bartering of the bumao 
life for gold. The money received for it is the price of blixMt, 
allhongh in some instances the seller himself nmy t>e the Tictin. 
It is whisky that does the work. 

•Jack Drake, a whisky seller at Wood Lake, whose outfit was 
supplied by Samuels & Partridge, naturally of a quarrelsome 
disposition, was especially so when under the influence of li<|uur. 
On one of these occasions he was killed by a half-breed kiiuwu 
as Robideau, and his body vras buried on the shorcR of Little 
Wood lake. Bobideau was iuiprisoncHl a short time at St. Croix 
Fulls, but being cjin;lessly gtianled, easily nnule his escape und 
was not heanl of afterward. >Vhat did it mattert It was only 
the result of a drnnken row. 

The b«idy of a mnnlered stranger was found by a crew of meu 
working on Little Wood river, in the spring of 1843. lie bad 
left ^npuHor City with au Indian guide for St. Paul, and was not 
afterward seen alive. His land warrants and watch, which bad 
bee-U taken fi-om lum, wore afterward recovered, and the luUian 


ly TUE NonxnwKST. 

^^rho bad t>eeii Uts guidu wwi himself mysteriously nfisa.s.sinatc<l 
4tlie fuUuwiug Hpriiiff. 

Geezfiic. — At Wuoil TjiiUm, Burnett ('onnty, Wisctiiwin, lived 
an IS74 :in tigcd and hiiiul In<li:kn woman wlio cjilctilHt'Vd lier 
3)ilgnni;i4;e on earth by moons. All trdcos of her traditional 
T>eaaty asan Indian mnidcn ha/1 long Rincc departed. Shriveled, 
<lecrepit. bent, she w;is the impeisonation of nil tbut is uulovely 

fecX repulsive in age. Tiicituiii and siillou, ht-r mind lethargic 
d dull, she seemed but tittle more than halt' ulive, and could 
mot easily l)e arousi'd to the (;omprelieusion of piisssiug events, or 
%<> the recognition of those around her. She must have been 
TTcry old. When aroused to consciousness, which was but sel- 
dom, she would talk of things loug post. A light would come 
iuto her sightless eyes its she recounted the tniUitious, or dc- 
scril^Kl the maniiera and customs of her people, and spoke with 
evident pride of their ancient p«i\VBr and prowess wlien her peo- 
ple planted their tepM-s on the shores of tlie "'Shining Big Sea 
"Water" (Lake Superior) and drove theirenemies, the Dakotaha, 
"before them. Her people wore blankets made from the skins of 
the luoose. elk and baQulo, with caps fioui the skins of the otter 
aud bciiver. There was then an abundance of "kego'' (lish) 
and **wash kish'* i^dcer). There were no pale faces theu in all 
the land to drive them fmm their lepees and take tTicir hunting 
grounds. Of coui*se there had beeii occa^iional whiles, hunters, 
trappers and missionaries, but the formidable movements of the 
now dominant nice had not fairly commenced. Counting the 
yean> of her life on her lingers, tuo many nioon» representing a 
yettTf she most ha%'e numl>ered a score beyond a centnrj-, and she 
hod couse<|uently witnessed, before her eyes were dimmed, the 
complete spoliation of her peopIe^s ancestral domain. 

The physioal featuresof the country have undergone a change. 
The towering pine$ hare decayed or l>een leveled by the wood- 
man's axe. Some of the small lakes have receded, and tall 
gnmesi vm,ve and willows graw where once the -' kegu*' sported 
in the dear bine waters. "The sun drew the watere up into the 
bcarem,*' bnt the old shores may still be traced, by the fresh 
water sliells that arc crushed by the foot of the explorer, and by 
Uie ioeOaceable mark of the water breakiug upon the beach aud 
andermiuiug the rocky ledge& 

A few ludiami sUll linger on the old hunting grounds and 


r. u» «..ves or their ^2^::^: ::: ti"^^^ 

quished raf*. ^j^j, ^^g^ mission. 

1„ lb. autan... of the ye|ir 1833 'bo H« ^,^^^ _^ ,_^^^. ,„ 

„„n.e.l county. Tl.« - '^ '^ J"^ J ...tK-nwi.t. in the St. Cro.. 
ment ill opening tho^vay '"V .""*'' .^borei-s. who came -.Kray 
vniley. TUo .o«.^ a.M *;^;^';«;„^ .''^t^Tn this v-iicy eu.ieav^ 
into these western •» i Ws, spent i inn) ) ^^,^^^ ^^„ 

ori,g to in>provethe '«'>'«'>''^'/'""^"^wi,ac«h..lic drluk* 
::eets.fu..rn.iithe.«vneof.he an .^^^ ^^.,. ,-1 

_,™, introdncea hy the .orrupl ^.^ „„.i a mem- 

Ayer (>rin« » resident of "'"f.^, institution). M«. Ayer, 
iJrof the ^-""'-^""Z JT7^ Bont^em .«t««:her. arnv«l 
,ith Mi>.H Crook. O"*^;"^";'"^,"^ ";";„Usopend her sehool on 
„t Yellow I*ke sept. 1^ l«-«- *;,„,. This was evidently the 
the iwenly fourth, «.th <"lJ'"J«f;"":J,,j, ,„is„i„„ ,va.. nuderrti- 
first sehool i.. .he St. Cr",. ^^^^ JZ> for Foreii- 
patronage of the Amenean f^^^jl^^^^ ,., ,h, tr:>dinK ho,«;, 
Mi^ious. Thirty or forty '" '^ '; ^,f „„t,i„i„g animuniti. 

„.Ue fron, the ""*«-'•/" ^""'P^'Sd the fall hunt. D«r^ 
„.,d „.oc««ns for u,akinK ^^-'^if^,, ,^, „pportunity of , 

tueir visit nt the »::"^^;'-;;,^;;,tio« -schooling their eh.ld*^ 
pUiniuK the ol>.,ect "f."-* » „,a„tiug tl.elr Rurrtens, nnd r- 
Ld aiding .hem m »^='- ':"";j;;„7„, J« „f the mission ulV ,^ 

nishing them «.l,h see... r ■ .^ ^^ ._,^ „„^ p,^,,,^. „„ re=_ 

U.ue.1 with interest, but. as the -» ,„..j, ,„,,,,Ue.s from ,j^ 

^as made to Mr. Ayer ^.terJ.U 8 ,|,,_^ ^^„^., ,„ 

• traders, they '^"l--;'^^, °^' ";.. „pportunitU« occurred r„, 
„e.-.utin,e P™8'-«-f;f'f„^"rndnlts during the winter. ,„ 

giving religions ^f'^TTm^^ en<^amped neur .he un^^cn, 
April some t»en y-ftvc ^^^^^^ „ui„h the mission pnM">««i., 
nmny we.-e interested in »""- °"{ J* 3,, ^rfens by the missa^D 
,„ ,he spring of ^^^ZTlZoti^- fandlie. belonged ,„ 
„„d scl.oole.1 Iheir d^-iaren. three » ^^^^^^ ^1,0 visits, 

•way. ov "Cat Ear/' 



h« Indinn mind is suspicious of the white mnn. Waiiiigns, 
"The Wolf,'' another chief of considerable note, wasprejudlc- 
iug the raindft of his friends aprain>t the whites. He openly 
dedftred tliat if tlie Indinn.s wonld join hiru. he would burn the 
mission house uud drive the teachers fi'om his country. Ou one 
occasion a piirlj of Ludiaii.s. including this hostile chief, piissed 
the evening ul Mr. .Xyer's. Tlie chief closed his speech at mid- 
night with these words: "The Indians are troubled in mind about 
your st^iyin^ here, and you must go — you shall go; not only I 
itay BO. but all here present say sol" The next morning all the 
lodinns assembled. The trader, tlie late Dr. Horup, and his 
wife were present. The Wolf and his parly were deti^rniined to 
expel all the whites. The fnendtf the white man, Cat E;ir, took 
the lloor and shaking hands with Dr. Boriip and Mr. Aye.r. began 
a ftpp«H!h of half an hiuir's li'nglh. Pointing to The WolfanU to 
two other chiefs sitting siile hyside, he sa>*s: "I speak fortliem. 
IjtMik at them. To them belon;; this land. Since last evening 
we have considered this subject- Wo hare changed our ^Inds. 
The Greftt Spirit made us all — made us red — yon white. He 
gave you your religion, manuers and customs — he gave us onrs. 
Befon' we saw white man we dressed in skins au<l cooked with 
fttonok You found our land on the map and come — since then 
n have clotlied and providwl for us. Why should we seud 
u away? We only should l>e the suffercra— all of us tell you 
to st-ay^-ftgrain wo say, stay. Wo do not wish you to go; no, no 
— we Bay to you all. stay: you may plant and build, bat the land 
is ours. Our Great Father has sent you here — we are glad — 
we will tell you why wc fear the whites — we fear you will get 
our land away. If this room were full of good?* we would not 
exchangi> our lands for them. This land is ours and our chil- 
dren's: it is all wc have." 

The mission at Yellow Lake had been in progress two years. 
Several families had listened with flowing interest to religious 
inKtrnction, schoulitl their children, and cultivate"! gardens near 
the mission, when M r. Aycr visitctl the band of Indians at Poke- 
gsmft. Here were sonic thirty-tlve or foity families in the year 
1835. Tlie chief and two or three families expi-cssed to him a 
dmire lo settle d()wn and school their i^hildreiu They requested 
him to come and bring all with him who wished to come from 
Telluw Lake. The reasons that induced hira to Pokeguma were, 



|L,^U.<-d ■'t U.^ I ^^„.iy. At ^,. i„a>«...- « ^e^^i, 

L W« *■*"' ;Xg«">'- nWs.oV*iontUe reader U 

P For th-^;""" ^ri,,. counts. ^„,^, b»od ot CtaPP ^^^ 

» V1.C »"*«'7;^, WOOD l-^''^-' vooA toWe, »»'" \"''i„ ^u^.'^ 
COI«K«'t.''!,.„,V about B.R '•\"" „„„gbt .Ure^lb '"..^iuing 

raef- . ., mrans »V>o*e " *''_,i festivals- «>• jj.u.oe v"'" 

of «•»<•* "\'';ji„^ fcisw °'*"1";"/ formulas- T^^^B^hCng. ""^^ 

^"^ V ofed accx.vdu,ely- J;;V ,.4 .b»"l <" e»'\"„f ih,i. d«« 
uvo" '"'y: , _.,y Up 111"!'"""" ^ i, ,iwd f^ ,i„,soft><»^ 




"WoB founded by Cauute Andernon. in 1S65, in »HM;tion 14, town 
-38, raogo 19. Hu Imilt a flour and klw mill, the firat in the 
-<jouuty, a good \mUA, n.nd opyn«l a store. It became the centre 
-of trwle fur the county, prospered cotitiniioiisly. and noxv (in 18S6) 
•couCains a good conrt hou8«, built at a cost of 97. (KH) (burned 
Deceml>er, 1887). a school house, four churches, two hotels, five 
sloi-es and numerous shops and dwellings. There are two resi- 
deul lawyei-s and one physiciau. Gi-autshurg is llie terminus of 
the St. Paul & Dululh (branch) raiUoa<l. completed in 1SS4. The 
scheme of building a branch road to connect with the St. Paul & 
Dulath railroad at Knsh City vrns long cherished by Cinnto 
Anderson, and through his efl'orts the i-oad was finally built. 
The county voted *20,(KK) bonds, at seven per cent interest, 
vfaich lK)nds the state of Wisconsin ca-sheil. The i-nad wa8 
graded from Grantsburg to the St. Croix river in l«78, from 
Bush Cily to St. Croix in 1882. The St. Paul & Dulnth Railroad 
Company built the railroad and assiiined the bondeil indebted- 
DBS8, payable in AHcen annual installnttMiUs. Cars ran to the St. 
Croix river in 18S3. The bridge over the St. Croix, completed 
in ISS3. cost i?20.<>00. The i-oad was opened to Grantsburg Jan. 
22, 1884. At this opening over a thousand poisons were pi*es- 
eutr five hundred of whom came in on the train. Cauute Ander- 
son made an address of welcome, followed by J.nnes.Sinith, presi- 
dent of the road. Congratulatory letters were read from Hons. 
S. a Fifield. Henry M. Rice, and \V. H. C. Kolsom, the tenor of 
which was highly complimentary to Mr. Anderwon, and full of 
liope fur tli(^ future of the i-ailroad and its terminus. 

Canutk ANDERSON was bom in Norway, ls;>0. He came to 
America iin 18,11, an<I three years later settled in the northeast 
quarter of section 2, township 37, range l!t, making a large stock 
farm, part, of it being a line natural meadow, with rniiidng 
stream. In 1S.">8 the first post office in the county (called Andcr- 
6onJ w;i8 established at bis hou}>e, and he was appointetl post- 
iua««I«T. In 1878 he represented Ashland, Barron. Baylield, 
Uuruett, Douglas, and Polk cuuutiu» in the legislatni'e. He is 
ftfld ever hits been u niitsler spirit in his county, using all his 
inrtnence lo further the interests of bis adopted home. Many of 
the ejirly settlers ^erepoor, — strangers iu u strange land. — and 
for Ihru Mr. Anderson's house was ever a ivsort^ It w:is also 



an iut4.-11igeiice ofBcc, wbcre the iuqairiug imiuigmal cuuld 
taiiiiTliiibli^ iiiforuiitioii as lu the coutitr.v iiad its resourc 
»rid facilities to (lie scttltT. In iSiiO )[r. Anderson was m^ 
ri«*d to Otlliiiririt? X«l»ou. dauglit^T of Magnus Nelson, one 
Buniotl: comity's f)r5t S4niUTs- 

The ilicKKKSox Family caino from Oliio to Wisconsin. Ni 
rod H., the oldest brother, settled on Wood river iu 1859, bc^ 
A SUM' mill, kept n hotel and established a post office on tlie ^ 
Piuil iind BiiyScld stngc route in ISGO. Mr..Hickersoii went 
Odiruniiu in l.S7o, ;»nd died tlirre. Joel, the si'cond brother^ 
a merchant at Gi-aiitsburg. He served during the later yean^ 
the Civil War as a soldier. Company C. .Seventh Minnesota V^ 
nnte^'i-s. and was pensioned for diiiabilities. He was uiarrietK- 
lises to Mary Anderson. Perry D., the third brother, keei^ 
hotoj in Oraiusbnrg. He w;is also a member of Company 
Seventh MitiiiesotJ* Vohintcei"s, and with his hi'other wha ni- 
t'fti'ed out at the close of the war, aud has received a pens ^ 
for disabilities. Uc was married to Kllen M. Aodersun, daugtk- 
of Peter Anderson. They have eleven ebildreu. Newton. "* 
fourth »ou. lives in Graut.sburg. He was a .soldier iu Compaq 
D, Twenty-first Ohio, duiing the war. Was wounded and toti»^ 
disabled. He hais no i>eiu>ion. He is luimarried. 

The As'DEUSOX Fajiily. — The four brolbei-s, Peter. O en r 
Hans aud MarCiu, with their aged pareuti*. came from Norvv 
and settled iu Grantsburg iu 1S83. The father but receully Ai^^ 
The mother is still livinj;, having re:ieh)sl the extreme age * 
ninety-seven ywirs. During the last six years she has be*? 
blind. Peter Anderson was married in Norway in 1816. 07' 
wife dietl in 1877, leanng three sons and four daughters. He 
was marrieil t« his second wjf« in 1S78. Pet^-^r has serve<l *& 
county supervisor, and tilled other offlecs. The brothers have 
been active in promoting the interests of their town aud eounty. 

KOBKUT A. Doty was born iu Niag-ar-a county. New York; 
livt^l some years in Gcue^ee county, Michigan, aud settled in 
Sterling, Pt)lk county, iu 1S65. He sntiseipiently became the 
first settler iu the town of Marshfietd, Uurn<*tt eounty. He wag 
occidentatly kilbnl iu 1879 by being [brown from his wagon. His 
widow and two nous live iu Gi-uuLstmrg. John U., the oldest 
son, itsides on the old homest«id in Sterling. 




■ The cultivation of the cranberry is an important industry in 

BnriH'tt county. The berry is raised chiefly in townships 38 and 

33. ranffes 17 and 18. The writer of thesi' sketches visited the 

Ioc:iIitieK named in 1873, and although there have been many 

cliaiijft.'S and improvements since then, the description quoted 

fnini an essay read before the Horticultural Society will still be 

^'nei-jlly applicjiWe: 

"The scene on approaching these niarshc;s, where the native 
rran berry was found, before the white man had commenci'd to im- 
prove tliem, was picturesque in the extreme to those who have a 
taste for Nature's handiwork. There are extensive tracts of land 
covering thousiinds of acres, dotted here and there with islands 
of yijiing pine and points of highland projecting in variousshapcs 
into the marshes. It reminded me of an ocean bay, in a calm, onlj- 
changing the ocean water color toendlessgreen. There are iu these 
ma rslifs somewhere from one to two townships of laud, on which 
craiilterries were then growing, or snsceptible of Ixiing improved 
**<! tluit cniuberries can be raised thereon. One township con- 
tains 23,040 acres. Thei)articsoi>eratingonthe marslicsl visited 
al ready have soum^ 30 or 40 miles of ditch made, averaging 5 feet 
stt tin- t<»p. 3 feet at the Imttoui. with an averngi? depth of 4 feet, 
:it a rnst (if about 7.") cents pi-r rod. Thi's<- ditclifs ;uo to <iiaiiitlie 
\v;it«M' tVoni the ]iiarslies wln-n dt'sire4l. They have daius mriuss 
t li •-•*..■ (ijtchcs, to Hood the niarslit-s when dcsiri-d. The liuodiiig 
'»!" t In- marslu'S aids in snbdnin;^ the wild grasses and (ithei'in- 
<•»! iiibnini'i'S. also is I'sscntial to the growtli of the inTiit-s. On 
t lw>H- iiiai'shes, wherever tlu' liowaj^eis killing; the giass, the viiu^ 
i>i i-:iliidly spreading, without transijlanting. I'ndoubtedly they 
>■%.-* ►nil) yield a quicker return by transplant hi;;. Largo tracts of 
rli«-si' hinds, which, at tliis time have no vines, ure I)onght by 
»'< ■iii|»;uiies. mostly from the erauln-rry lands in I'3astcrn Wiscon- 
1-i.iii. who are t-xperienced in this I)usiness, and know what they 
5H"<*doing. They openly declare that vinesean be grown on these 
iiia.-slies, where suflicient water can be obtained and con'j'olled 
**> flow the lands. Mr. Irvine informed me that this flooding 
l'^'M-(-ss, and the manner in which it was controlled, w;is the key 
to siic-t-ss, I e.\.amin<;d the efl'ect which one year alone had ae- 
*""'iil)lished. as these companies conunenced operations in 1872. 
^^ -surprised me when I saw the mode, and heard it explained, 


that SO little was generally known of this bosiness. After the 
marshes are subdued, dams and ditches built, there is compara- 
tively small cost in raising the fruit until Uie harvest, when men, 
women and children flock in from the farming conntries to pick, 
to pack, to store, to dry, to box, and convey to market. An 
expert will pick from five to ten bushels per day by hand, no 
rakes being allowed. In 1873 these marshes had an abundant 
yield. These companies paid to outsiders one dollarand fifty cents 
per bushel. There are several companies operating in Burnett 
county. They have made and are making substantial improve- 
ments, in building roads, dry houses, dwelling houses, etc. The 
p! yoar a saw mill wils erected for sawing staves for barrels^ 
lumber for boxes, etc. These marshes are about twenty miles of the Superior railroad," 


Washburn county was organized in 1333, ijnd embraces town- 
j}hips 37 to 42, inclusive, and ranges 10 to 13, inclnsive, a total of 
24 townships. It is drained by St. Croix waters with thcex:cep- 
tion of the southeast corner, which is drained by a branch of the 
Chippewa rivei*. It has been a rich timbered region and large 
forests of pine still remain. The greater part of the county is 
adapted to agriculture, and is settling rapidly. Two lines of 
railway travei-se the county, one from south to north, and the 
<)thi'r from soutliw(?st to northeast, giving the county excellent 
facilities fur transportation and marketing of products. The 
county isdivifU'd into two towns, Bashaw inthesouth and Veasie 
in the north. These towns wen* (fj'ganized in 1877, while Wash- 
burn was 11 part of J^urnt'tt county. Tin; first supervisoi-s of 
IJasliaw wcrt!: Jj. E. Thomas, chairman; .Tohn Arbuckle and 
.Tohn McMullon. The town of Bashaw Wius the first settled. 
John ^McMuUen si'ttlcci in township '.i8, range 13, in 1872. in 
Bashaw valli-y. lie married a nionibcr of the Hart family, old 
settlers of th( town, lie died in 1878. L. E. Thomas was tlie 
second settler in lixshaw and in WiLshburn connty, and has been 
ofVu'ially connected with the town and county organization. He 
is a native of Michigan, and has followed lumbering and farm- 
ing. L. E. Tliomius built the first house. Xollie Raberge taught 
the first school in Bashaw, in 1881. Miss Haberge has since be- 
come the wife of ^lilton Stratton. Tlie first post office was 


established in 1880, Mrs. Malcolm Dobie, postmistress. The first 
sermon was preached by Bev. ElUngwood. 6. P. Pearly was 
the first physician; A. L. Bugbee, the first lawyer. Messrs. 
Hart, Baker, Gardner and others have large farms in Bashaw 
valley. By the act organizing the county, 


was made the county seat. It is beautifully located on the 
shores of Summit lake. It has a court house, built at a cost of 
1^11,000, in 1885, one of the most tasteful buildings of the kind 
iu the St Croix valley. The town is built on railroad lands, 
purchased by the Shell Lake Lumber Company, and by them, 
surveyed into lots. The streets are from sixty-six to eighty feet 
wide. A restriction in the deeds to the lots and lands against 
the sale of alcoholic drinks has been continuously violated. In 
1883 the town board fixed license at five hundred dollars, a- 
plain violation of the original agreement. 

A fine school building with four apartments was built in 1885^ 
at a cost of $5,000. Prof. Halphyde is principal: of the schools. 
The Episcopalians and Catholics have church buildings. The 
Baptists, Methodists, Lutherans and Presbyterians have church 
organizations. The Masons, Good Templars and Knights of 
Labor have organizations. 

Summit lake, on the west b:i]jk of which the town is situated, 
is about two and a half miles broad by three and a half long. It 
ha.s bold, gravelly shores. The water is deep, clear and pure. 
Theslopt-s surrounding it are covered with evergreen, and hard- 
wood timber. One small steamer floats npon its waters. 

Tht' first lx)ard of county officei*s was jis follows: Treasurer, 
l«inder E. Thomas; clerk, Frank H. Nelson; sherifV, James 
Wynne; attorney, Frank Gudette; register of deeds, Albert L. 
Bngbee;jndge, L. H. Mead; clerk of court, A. Gibson; superin- 
tendfiit of schools, Clani Stratton; surveyor, Patrick Kelly. 
The first circuit court was held in June, 188.'}, Hon. S. S.Clough, 
presiding. The county has two court terms for the year, in 
June and December. 

The Shell Lake Lumber Companywas organized in 1880, under 

Iowa laws. It is composed of C. Lamb and David Joice and 

sons, of Clinton, Iowa: Laird, Norton & C'o., of Winona; Wey- 

"haaser& Dinkeman, of Rock Island, Illinois; S. T. McKuight, 



of Hannibal, Kiasouri;]). R. Moon?, Eaa Claire, WiHcoiuin. Their 
mills nre loc:itc-d on tlip uortliwesst side of t^iimmit lnkr% They 
havf a cnpiwriiy of 50,(KMJ,iH)0 fecr pt-r year. Tin- cnpiUtt Htoek 
amouDts to i*i50i>,0OD. Kiuploynient Is rnrnishoil lo 2,i'> meu. In 
1S80 tliL* hour system of labor wa-s (uloptod. A uiirrow ^uge 
riiili-oail, twulvo miles lou^, supplied >vitb Iwo louojuotivf*s and 
tlfty Kirn, ih used for briugiug log's to luiU. Thb* nuid hart a stwJ 
track and 3,01X) feet of piling. Tlie rufuae burum- of tbi3 mill in 
20 feet in diameter and 102 io heigbt. Tbere. are 63 tenement 
houses to accommodate tbp laborers. A. H- Etirle superintend* 
this rust couoeru. 

Sawyer creek obtained its name from Seth M. Sawyer, of Still- 
water. TbiH slr«;iim liows into Yullow river, livo miles fi-om Sum- 
mit lake. It rises from Hprings three huudrtMl feet from tbe lake, 
and one hundred fet^t lower down, and may be cowudered il 
Mubtermufrtii outlet, hh visible outlet there is none. The lake^, 
literally a Kumroit lake, I be re<teding and dtwcendjng slopes, th< 
springs uniting to form a larger Htream, form a peculiar laor 
scape, quite park like in some of its tefttnrcs, and worthy of b 
ing conveited into a park. 


lu the township of Veazie, on the north branch nf the Vel/,,,^^^ 
river, township 39, range 12, is a dinner station on tbe Xo^^^' 
Wisconsin railroad. Tin* milroad eoinpaiiy have lilted up 
elegant eating house, and a few neat buildings, the nuclettso^ f 
much larger village, clnster around it. 


Is in township 41, range 10. and has a post office. The ti>wBi ,^j 
Veazie, occnpying the northern part of the county, wju* oi^aujz^,) 
in 1877. Millions nf feet of pine timber have been gatherc^d 
and marketed from this town, and it is estinii)te<l that ISO.fWO,. 
COO feet still remain. Ames and i^inuot station are in the toir ai- 
ship of Veazie. 


Bawyor county was organized March 9^ 1883. It ts oompri9^«<d 
of townships 37 to 42, and ranges 5 to d.inclnsirp. Of th«w 
towurthi|>s twenty-five are drained by Chippewa waters xt\d 
live by Nauakagon river. Tbe counly is heavily timbLTtv/ 


-vttt pine, tbovgh vast qauitdtdeB have been taken and marketed. 
Hbe «mn^ Beat iras located at Hayward in the Wl Organizing 
Hie eomity. The ootutty offloerSf appointed by Gov. Bosk, were: 
SkaAtt, A. Blaisdell; clerk, a H. Clapperton} register of deeds, 
E. B. Tieknor; treasorer, B. L. KcGormaok; oOnuty judge, H. 
W. Hart; attorney, ST. B. Tioknor; superintendent of schools, 
Wm IL Kcan; sorveyor, W. J. Monlton; ooroner, £. G. Gregg. 
Tlie eonrt hoose iras biplt in 1885, at a cost of 918^000. The 
•ooonty at its organiioition assomed the following indebtedness: 

V)» AiUnd oowi^. 936,000 

"V* toira of AihUnd, Aili)Mid amntj 1,870 

'Tto towa of Bvttanmt, Aihhmd flomity 3,060 

fV»Chl]iipew»ooiml7...».... - 1^900 

"Ta town of FJiwbwn, C3iippein oonniy- (disputed didm} 5,000 

-^b tomi nf Biihficad, CUppew* opwf^ 3,000 

"Ti taqm of 8%el, CU^mra ooaatgr. ». - ^000 

OaWd« ind^btediMM, told «... •40^890 

All this indebtedneM, with the exception of the unsettled 
4lBim of Flambeau, Cbippewa county, has been paid. Since its 
organlaation the ooinnty has expended 930,000 on rOads to Chip- 
pewa waters. This, added to the cost of the court house, 919,000, 
aschoiA house for the town of Hayward, 96,600, town hall for 
^yward 95,000, makes a total of ezpenditoree for the coanty 
vithin the past three yeare of 9106,420, a remarkable sum. for a 
new county with so sparse a population to pay, bat not so re- 
markable when we take into account the immeuse value of its 
lumber products and standing timber. 

Hayward is the only town in the county. Its first board of 

supervisors were: A. J. Hayward, chairman; Thos. Manwarin 

and Michael Jordan. A. L. McCormack was first treasurer, and 

C C. Claghorn* clerk. The village is situated in sections 21 and 

22, township 41, range 9, upon a level pine plateau on the north 

aide ofNamaka^on river, a tributaryof the St. Croix. The village 

was platted in 1883, but a post office had been established the year 

before, C. H. Clapperton being the first postmaster. The first 

marriage in the town of Hayward and county of Sawyer was 

that of Fred Emmons and Mary Lindmark, in 1883. The first 

birth was that of a daughter to Al. Blaisdell. The first death 

was that of Nels J. Eggin. Rev. A. Safibrd preached the first 

sermon. Anna Shafer taught the first school. E. G. Gregg 



Opened the first store. H. E. Ticknor was the first lawyer and J. 
B. Trowbridge the first physician. 

Thn first Hchool house, built at a cost of *r..f>ftO, wan bnmed. 
There wjus an insurance of *4,50<i. A new building was erect*<l 
at a cost of )^,000, with thn^t: tlfpartincnts. aud M'ith steam beat- 
ng apparatus. Prof. F. A. Nichols wart tlu' principal. 

The Congregational church at Hayward is one of the finest 
church buildiugs in the Northwests It is built in the Queen 
Anne style, with circular seats, the wliole finished in exquisite 
taste. Senator Sawyer, after whom the county was named, con- 
tribut(Kl a town clock aud bell worth 91,000. The Catholics- 
have a churL*h here, and the Luthenins an organization. Th** 
Chid Fellows aud Knights of Labor have organ iz^itions. 

The Sawyer County Bank waii organized March 9, 1S84, with 
a capital stock of WoO.OOO, divided equally between throe stock- 
holdei-s, It. L. MeCorniacfc, A. J. Hayward and E. H. Ualbert.. 
the latter being general manager aud ciU^hier. The bank deals 
in real estate, abstracts, insurance and general monetary bu^i- — 
ness. The business transacted for the year ending June 6, 1886, I 
amounted to *3.000.000. The bank, building is a snlistantial 
brick. The Hayward fjiimbor Company has a mill ou the 
Xamakagou river. The water power hafl a fall of eighteen feet 
and a llowage of al>out thrue miles. A sixty foot channel baB 
been left through lh« (lowagefor slucing logs. The saw mill has 
a capacity of .')5,000,000 feet per annum. It hns a planing mill 
attaehed. The company is cnniposed of T. F. Robinsciu. W'eyer- 
hauiser & Uinkeman and K. L. McCormack. Mr. Weyerhanscrl 
is president of the company. Mr. Weyerhauser is also president] 
of the Rock Island Lumber Company and of Weyerhauser, 
Dinkemau & Co., of Rock Island, and is a stockholder in Ben< 
wick, Crosset & Co., Cloquet, Sliunesota, Shell Lake, Biirroneit,' 
MaAons, White Biver. aud Chip|>ewa FallK LnmlHT companieK^ 
and is president of the Beef Slough Boom and ChlppeM-a and 
Mississippi Logging companies. Mr. Weyerhaoser is the mostj 
ejjt^nsive holder and owner of nnoperated pine lauds in the 
West, or pTOlmbly on the continent. The stockholders of the 
Qayward Lumber Company are all men of wealth accuiuulaled 
by their own industry. Mr. R. L. ilcCormaek, the reMJdenti 
stockholder and manager, is admirably a^lapted for the position] 
he holds. Mr. McCormack was a citixen of Minnesota for four*] 



teen years, and a member of the Miuiiesolu legislaluit: iu 1S81. 
He waft Imrn inPpiiiLsylviinia in 1847. 

Dobie & 8tratU)n, contiactoiH tor pine .stiiiiipage on the Lac 
Oreilles Indian reservation, reside in Kayward. Theycnfc'JS,- 
OOO.WM) feet of logs in the witjrer of 1885-8(J. 

Malcomb Dobie, of this firm, is a native of Canada. He came 
to the St Croix vaLley in 1864, and vas married to Harriet Strat- 
tou. at au Croix Falls, iu 1874. 

MiLTox V. Stkattok, hn>ther of Mrs. Dobie, waa raised at 
$t. Croix Fall», and engaged in busiuees vith &[r. Dobie. In 
1886, his health failing, he remorod to California. 


Barron connty was formerly a heavily timbered traet of coun- 
try, bat is now being rapidly cleared and settled. U is well 
watered by the Ked Cedar and Jt« tributaries, and has many 
Iwautiful lalces, among them Turtle, Beaver. Chetek, Red Cedar, 
Bice, Bear, and Long lakes. The county was first cHtablished 
s& Dallas county, iu 1859, and attached to Polk for judicial 
parposcs. In 1808 it was organized for connty and judicial 
purposes, and the oonnty seat was changed from Manhattan to 
Barrou, section 26, towuship a4, range 12. By act of legislature 
in 1809, the name of the county was changed to Barrou, and the 
«oanty w^ was called l>y the ftatne name, in honor of Hun. Hi'ury 
D. Barron, then judge of the Eleventh circuit. It comprises 
townships S2 to 56, inclusive, and ranges 10 to 14, in all 25 
townships. Barron county has three railroads, on the lines 

)f which thriving settlements have sprung np. The railroads 
are three, the North Wisconsin, a branch line of the Omaha, and 
the Minneapolis, Soo Ste. Marie & Atlantic. The North Wis- 
eom>iu railroad passes through the uorthwesteru part of the 
'County. The Chipiiewa Falls & Superior City bniuch of the 

^maha enters the southeast corner, and traverses the connty 
in a direction west of north. The Minneapolis, Soo Ste. Marie 
& Atlantic passes through the middle of the connty io a direc- 
tion from east to west. 


"Was organised in 1879. The village of Turtle Lake is situated 
in Bectioua 30 and 31, township 34, i-auge 14. It contains a large 



saw mill with a capacity of -I0,00(»,000 feet per nnnntii; a nnioD 
d«pot, used by the Xorth Wisconsin, and Minneiipolis, Soo Ste. 
Marie it Atlantic railroads, and stores, shops and dwellings, all 
new. The Slinmiapolis, 800 Ste. Marie & Atlantic railroad waft 
built throngh the tonnty in 1S85. and completed in 1887. 


Thi> county sejU, is a growing lumber town, with rarming lands 
to the Houth. It has a population of over 1,000. The *'Soo 
Line'' railway ha-s a station here. 


la located also iu Turtle Lake town, in section 8, township 34, 
range 14, and on the line of the Xortli Wisconsin railroad. It 
hJi8 a large saw mill with a capacity of 16,000,000 feet per 
anrinm. The village is beautifully lowited on Horse Shoe lake. 


Is sitnated in the town of Cniuberland, section ", township 35, 
range 15, on Reaver Ham lake. It is pleasantly situated, and is 
the largest village on the line of the Northwestern niilrojul. Its 
appenrauce gives evidence of enterprise and thrift on the part 
of its citizens. The Beaver Dam Lumber Company have here a 
saw uiill with n capacity of L*4,000.000 feet per annum. Cook &■ 
Co. have a saw mill (burned aud rebuilt) with a capacity of 
6.000,000 feet. The village has a liank and one newspaper, the 
Cum1>erland Advocate, first issm*d in ISftO jis Iht* Iffrald. 

rumberland was orgiinized us a village in ISA], and organisoil 
under a city charter in 1885. The pojinlatiou is now about 
1,700. The mercantile busincHH will aggregat'e about $500,000 
annually. The nggregate output of lumber is 30,000,000 feot, 
while other iiidut«trieis ;iggregat* ^20tt.OOO per annum. There 
are fonr churches, one grailed school of five dopartinents in 
which students are prepared to enter college. There is here one 
banking faoase. 


Is a village in Cumberland, on the Xorthwefilern raJIruad. It 
has A saw mill with a capacity of attont 15,000,000 f(H4 jmr an- 



In Cnmberland, on the Northwestern railroad, has a shingle mill 
and saw mill, the latter having a capacity of about 5,000,000 


In Cumberland, is located in township 36, range 13, in the midst 
of a well timbered region. Its saw mill, directly on the county 
line, has a capacity of 25,000,000 feet. M. Bowron has a farm 
adjoining the village of 250 acres, improved and yielding tame 

DeGraw and Granite Lake Mills are also located on theNorth- 
western railroad. 

Turtle Lake, Scott's Siding. Cosgrove, Barron, the county 
seat, Cameron and Canton, are on the Mi n neapolis, Soo Ste. Marie 
& Atlantic railroad. 

Chetek, Cameron Junction, Bice Lake and Bear Creek are lo- 
cated on the Omaha branch. 

Charles Simeon Taylor. — Mr. Taylor was born in Geneva, 
Wisconsin, October, 1851; graduated at the Wisconsin State 
University; studied law and settled at Barron, Barron county, in 
1876, where he practices his profession and edits the Barron 
Countif Shiehl. He was elected niember of the Thirty- seventh 
Wisconsin as.-iembly in 1885-86 and represented the counties 
of Barron, Bayileld, Burnett, Douglas, and Washburn. 





Ashland was origioally a part of Cravford oouoty, afterward 
of St. Croix and La Pointe. and was set off from the latter 
March 27. 1860. It is boanded on the north by Lake Superior 
and Montreal rlrer. on the east by Oneida, on the sonth by Price 
and Chippewa, and on the west by Bayfield and Chippewa conn- 
ties. It includes townships -11 to 47. ranges 1, 2, and 3 east of 
the fourth principal meridian, and townships 41 to 48 west of the 
same: the northern towns bordering on Montreal river and Lake 
Superior are fractional. The group of Apostle islands belongs 
to this coaaty. The surface is generally level except where 
broken by the iron and copper ranges in the middle and southern 
part of the county. The Gogebic range, southeast of Ashland, 
is especially rich in iron. A railroad along this range connects 
Ashland with the Michigan roads. The soil is somewhat varied, 
ranging from sandy loam in the interior, to red clay on the lake 
shore. The county is draineil by Bad. White and Montreal 
rivers and their tributaries, and the headwaters of the Chippewa. 
The timber is pine. fir. birch, etc. 

The Apostle islands, situated iuLakeSuperior at the mouth of 
Cheqaamegon bay. form a tine uatural harbor. The group con- 
sists of twenty-two islands, the most considerable of which are 
Madeline. Oatez. Oak. Hemlock, Rice. Basswood. Presque, Bear, 
Saml. and Michigan. The islands range in area from a very 
few acres up to 14.S*>4. They are heavily timbered with hard- 
wood, have fertile soil, and are well adapted to farm and garden 


cnltare. The largest of these islands is Madeline, situated 
dirt'otly at the entrance to Chequamegon bay, and noted as 
containing the oldest settlement on the lake. Claude Allouez, 
a Jesuit missionary, landed at Madeline island Oct. 1, 1665, and 
vrw'tcd a bark chapel at the place now known as LaPoiutc, and 
comuienced instructing the Indians of the Algonquin aud Huron 
tribes. Since that time the island has been held by missionaries 
ami trfMling companies, with some pretty long intervals of 
abandoment. In 1S()0, M. Cadot, a French trader, came to 
La Poiote, erect-ed fortifie«l dwellings and lived here till his 
death, in 1837. At the commencement of the present century 
the American Fur Company made its headquarters on the south- 
ern part of the island, and occupied a post there until 1835, when 
they removed to La Poiute. Rev. Sherman Hallj of the I'res- 
byterian charch, established a mission here in 1830. In 1835 
Bev. Father Baraga, a Catholic missionary, arrived, and built a 
church Thich he occupied until 1841, when he built a better 
ODe, which still stands in the inclosnre of an ancient burying 
gronnd. This church contains a painting said to be over twu 
htrndred years old. Some of the graves are quite ancient, and 
have quaint inscriptions upon their tombstones. One that has 
often been copied aud commented on by tourists is as follows: 






These islands arc becoming a fashionable resort for tourists, 
and many of them have been utilized as pleasant sunimur rt^si- 
(ItDces. Some of them are occupied by lighthouses of which 
there arc five in all. The islands abound in brown stone, which 
i.* Iving quarried extensively for building purijoses. The stone 
for tln' Milwaukee court house was taken from the (inarrios on 
Biuwwood island. 

La Pointe County Election. — In 1848 La Pointo county was 
»t off from St. Croix county, and at an election heUl Xov. 10. 
1^8. John H. Wells and Leonard WheeltT weie elected Jnstioes 
of the i)eace, and J. F. Hughes was elected clerk of the board 
of coutitT commissioners. Returns of their election and that of 



inembere of the legislature were made to UatlaoD, coimtyaest 
St. Croix oonnty. 

Hos. .TonN \V. Bell, born in New York City in 1805, in hi«" 
eighth yesir weut to Canada with his parents, learned to l>e a^ 
watchmaker, a 8hip builder and a (cooper, and eamelo La Poini 
in 1835, where be has siuw n-sided. He earric^i on the eooperh 
business fli-st, for the Aineriean Fur Company, and then for him- 
self e«tabli8hed a trading post, became interested in mfnfi 
stocks, iind filled various county olHees, baring serve*l aa conntj 
judj^e inn! i-e{;isliM of diH-tb* \\ great uiany years. Ill later life he 
was poatiDftstur at La Poiuto. He was married In 1837 Ut MU 
Afai-gnrct Brabant, in the CathoUe chapel, by Btahop Bart 
He died in 1.S88. 


I» situated on a plateau of aboat thirty feet elevation, oa 11 
sonth Hhure and nrar the head of Che(|naiiiegon hay. Tin* tlts^J 
house, a cabin, wjw built in ISiH. <!)lber e^ibins wt^re aiiiteil ij^, 
same year. In the cabin erected by Mr. Asaph Whittle*>y. j, 
the winter of Isni-.W, was preached the first mormon in Anhl.-u: 
by Ttev. L. H. Wheeler, of the Ddanah mtssion. A post olB, 
was eslAblisbfil in March. ]8.'i.5, Mr. Whittlesey, postutiister. Tl 
fii-st American child born v,-.\s the sc<:ond danght'tr of Asi-^^ip 
Whittlesey. The name of Ashland was conferred upon the Io^^^tii 
by Martin liis'iser, an ardent admirer of Uenry Clay, it bo*_ ng 
the name of Mr. (Clay's homestead. The village and post of 
was lir-st known as Whittlcitoy. but on the organization of 
county in 18t>0. the name of Ashland was applied to both, 
new town wjis not destined to immediate and oi^ntinuons pra<? 
perity, and at one time, in 18*'i3, luid decreasc<l so much in popu- 
lation that its po3t ollice was«ntiuned for a period of nine 
ye-ars. Alter that date it entered upon an era of prosperity, 

Julia Whwior taught the first school in 1859. The Melbo- 
dists organized the first Protestant society in 1872. The Carlto 
licH innimenced a church building in 1873. In 1872 the ilnt 
newspaper in Ashlanil, the Prtxa, was eAtablinhed by 8am & 
and Hank O. Fifield, under whose charge it reniaint^ iintJlj 
1874, when S. 3. Kitield bought his brother's isterest in tli* 
paper and has since published it contiuuously, and in 18SSei*j 
tablUbcd a daily. 


In 1872 the Wisconsin Central railroad commenced work at 
the hiiy. and the outlay for improvements that year amounted 
to frJ+4.800. The Wisconsin Central railroad built the Hotel 
Chequiimegon in 1877. It is built in the form of an L, 120 feet 
front and 80 feet deep with 400 feet of veranda, and accommo- 
datioas for 100 guests. There are numerous other hotels in the 
city, and several Iwarding houses receive guests during the 
samraer season. Ashland has vast lumber interests. The Ash- 
laod Lural>er Company built the first mill, in 1872, which had a 
capacity of about 15,000,000 feet per annum. The Union milt, 
built in 1878. has a capacity of about 18,000,000 feet. Mueller 
& Richie's mill, built in 1881, has a capacity of about 20,000,000^ 
fcet. There is also a planing mill belonging to Geo. White. 
Ashland ha.s become a railroad centre. The Wisconsiu Central, 
St. Paul & Omaha, Milwaukee & Lake Shore and Northern Pa- 
cific concentrate a heavy freight for their elevators and lake 
do<*kH. The largest dock in the world wa.s built in Aslilund 
in 1887. It was built almost expressly for iron ore shipments 
from Penoka and Gt^ebic ranges. 

Asaph Whittlesey selected the site of Ashland in 1854, and 
in winjnnction with George Kilborn built the first dwelling He 
was tlu' fifst postmiLster. He was appointed in IS."), He ri'pre- 
jieiitnl Ashluufj. Hunu'lt. Duuj;Ijt.s, La Poiiitc. Polk, ;uid St. 
C'ri'ix in the Wisconsin usscnibly in 18<»(l. 

J. P. T. Haskki.l was the second settler in Aslilaml. Ho came 
with ills wife, Nov. 2, 1854, but did not long ri-ninin. 

S. S. V.VI'<;hx was l)orn in Ciiyiihoga county, Oliio. Sept. 2, 

IS-'in. Ilecanic with his lirotliiT to La Pointf in 1852. and on- 

j:!*;.'^! ill tht' fishing and fur tr-udc until lS5r>, when he I'l'turned 

to Oliio. Alter taking a course in a coinnuTciiil coUrgc, he re- 

tunii'ii to Wisconsin in l.s5f!. took a claini of one hnndred and 

-ixtv :u'res at A.shland and oi)ent'd a store at llaytirld. In ]S5*> 

h<' Mirvt-yed and platted whiit is known as Vaughn's addition to 

-Vshlaml. In 1871 he represented Ashland. Ilarron, Rayfield. 

Hiiniftt, Douglas, and Polk eounli<-s in tlie \\'iseonsin assembly. 

At Ashland he l>uilt docks, wai'ehonses ami a store, and in later 

yt-Jirsdealt largely in iron mines and in lumber. He was married 

t«Mi.'«E. Patrick, of Ohio, in 18(14. He died at A>hland, Feb- 

niiiry, 1S8(>. He induced the Wisconsin Central liailioad Com- 

paiiT to make Ashland their lake terminus. He did more for 

thiit city than any other man. 



Ei>wiN Eixis, M.D., was born in Oxford couuty, Haino; w 
■educAtetl in Farmington AiguU-niy, C*)lby Uuiversity and B(r 
<loin College, M'liere h.e (jnidiiateil and afterwanl (wniplelM ^ u 
medicul course at the Uuivereity of New York. Ue aime Wf^^ "est 
in 1854, und located firrit at St. Paul, but in lS5o removed to 

A»hland whore he made a cltiim. which, in part, became in liSft acrs 

Ellis' addition to Ashlnnd. He practiced his prof&ssiou at A^ — sb- 
laud and Oiitouagon, Michigan. He was marrlud iu 1S50 ■• to 
Martha B. Kaker, of Sbaroii. Maine. 

Maktin Beasek, orw of the prcemptorH of the site of Ais^ s6- 
land, wiis born in Erie eonnty. New York. Oct. 22, 182a. \- -= ''or 
many years he wasa f^eafaring man. Ue spent seven years 'u 
whaling, at the close of which time he came to Oatonagon '\r m »» 
sailing vessel, iind thence with three eompauious in a dogslecX^** 
to Ashland, arriving I<'ebruary. 185U. Here he preempted law^<*^ 
and lus^iisted in laying out the village. He engaged in the me 
cautilc business. He was drowned iu November, 18(56, while t 
ing to cross Chequamegon bay in an open boat during a aturou^ 
Mr. Bea-Her wim a public spirited man and freely used hi.s wealth 
in attempting to build up A.shUiDd. He never Krst faith in tlit^ 
ultimate prosperity of his udopt^'d home. 

Hon. 9a5I S. Fikield was born iuCoriuna, Penobs<«>t couuty, 
Maine, June 24. 1839. His «arly days were spent iu Bangor, 
and he had l>ut limiteil school privih^es. He was early tlirown 
upon his own resources and learued lessons in the rough school 
of life. lie spent his time variously, .is errand boy, hotel 
clerk, night watch on a steamboat, toll keeper; but finally* hav- 
ing served a brief apprenticeehip in a printing office, he become 
the pi-oprietor of the Polk Counttf Prcsa in 1862. In 1872 he and 
his brother Hauk O. establisUed the Ashlaud 7Vc«, of which he 
is now self! editor and publisher. Mr. Fitieltl entered the political 
arena as a Republican and lias been i-emarkably successful. His 
rt^ooi"d from the Wisconsin bine book is as follows: 

1868-69 — Assembly proof-reader and assistant sergeaat*at- 

1871-72 — Assembly sergeant -at-arms. 

1874-75-76 — Member of assembly fi-om Aahlaud, Barron. 
Burnett, Douglas, and Polk counties. 

1R76 — Speaker of the a-ssembly. 

1877 — Member of the senate. 



[ri6fiKM6l — Member of the Banate. 

46tt<46 — Lietitenutit gorernor. 

Mr. Fifteld was married tn Stella ttrinies, jit Prescott, 1863. 
Considering the disadvantageous eiicumstaucea of his youths 
Ir. Fifield's career hns been a notable one. 



Bayfield county includes L(>washii>s 43 to 52, except as affected 
ly tii4» irn'unlar outline of iLs lake Ijrtundary on Iho north, and 
Bi]j7«s r» to It. It has Sf.venty-five miles of lake shore, with some 
De harbore, the finest of which are those in the shelter of the 
,po*4tle islands, ou the The country is covered with 
SDse growths of cvei-gretm aud hardwood timber. Nuiue-i-oua 
reams flow into tlic- lake on the uorth, and into the tributai'ies^ 
the flt. Croix ou the south. The Chippewa Indians formerly 
[>ciipied the country. The Bed ClitV Iiidiaa reservation is lo- 
Ited at Buffalo Bay, a short distance north of Bayfield City. 
be territory of Bayfield county has been snccessively in the 
otinds of Crawford, St. Croix and La Pointe. By sul)scqueut 
bdirlsioDS Douglas and Ashland comities were set off from La 
6iiit«. and the Apostle islands given to Ashland, and the re- 
mining part of La Pointe was organi:wd as Bayfield county, 
■itU the coanty seat at Bayfield, in 1868. Aside from ti-adei-s 
d adventurers and the occasional advent of a missionary, the 
rst settler was Elisha Pike, who came with his family in 1855, 
d settled in section 21, township 50, ninge 4, not far from Bay- 
Id. Bayfield was named in honor of Bayfield of the 
xitish Kavy, who maile a survey of Lake Superior in 1S22-23. 


The village of Bayfield was platted iu 185B, by H. M. Rice. It 
los since l»een inrc)rpoi-at*'d. It is beautifully situated. The site 
flope»* gently from high timberefl regions Uy the shores of the bay. 
The waters of the bay are deep, clear, and, from the shelter af- 
forded by the Ajjostle island.s, almost unrufiled. The harbor thn.4 
forded is among the best ou the lake. Bayfield was made a 

Wrtof entry iu 1858. The city is welt supplied with stores, mills. 

,ut<els, M:hooI houseit, and churches. There are niauy x>lKuutnt 

lOmes, with funntaiiis playing in front, lawns, sha^le trees and 
Huameatal shrubs. The landscape, especially to those residing 



in Uie rear of the dty oa the h^er grounds, t» exiiuL'^it^ly — 
beuitiftiL Therv are waaj bcnatifiil truat brooks and ponils in ^^n 
theBabariis. As a snaiDuer resort Baytield is beooming evfrj"-'^^- 
jBMbetterappirrrawt Tlie Bayfield P^eaM, esUbliBlivd iu 1874, i^^^a 
the Vxal oemtprnp^r. It n edit«d aod pablidhed bj Carrie 0. ^ZX 

Is a new- tovo oa th« Teet side of C^eqaanefoo bny. It is tbmtKue 
lake termioQA of the Oouh* railroad. It has a fiov h^irbor. lar^^^c 
mills and other eDterpriaes that «ark it as a growing tow u. 

Are prosperous manufiicturing villages, with lai^ saw milL a« 

located on Wbite river, on the line of the North Wisconsin ni^^l>- 


On the railroad, in township 43, range 7» eoDtatas aboat a dozi 
buildings. Matbewa, Olson Ss Co. are working a silver mine m 
C^ble which yields twenty three dollars per ton. There 
several <ilher villages and stations on the line of the two ra— ^' 
roads pa:^ing thronghthis eoanty, 


This county occupies the extreme northwestern corner of t'-^^' 
State, having a frontage of six townships on the lake by six <:=^^° 
the Minnesota state line, making a total of thirty-six wh^'"^''' 
totrnstiips and five fractional, the ]att«r lying along the lak^^^ 
The noitheru part of the county is drained by the tributaries o-^-^ 
St. Louis river and Lake Superior, the principal streams beio^r"^ 
thi' Xemadji. Middle and Brale rivei-s. The soutlii^rn part u 
drained liy the St. Croix and tributaries. The Omaha railroad 
intersectH tJie county from soitth to north, having it£ northern 
tj^rminuh at Went Superior. The Xorthern Pacific crosses the 
upper tier of towuh, having its principal station at Superior. 
Thriving vilUiges are growing np along these lines of r^lrowl, 
and the county is being rapidly settled. It was organised as a 
county in Febrnary, IS'A, fntm territory originally boIODgtng 
HUoce«iively to Crawfonl, St. Croix and La Pointe conotieA. 

Tbt first election was held Nov. 7, 18M. The following oW- 




<5ers were elected: Cuiiiity judge^J. A. 3Iarkland; sheriflf, Asa A. 
I I?arkflr; district attoriM'y, R. R. Nelson; register of deeds, F. A. 
Whilaker; iiounty tre;isurer, Bradli'V SfilU-r: siipervisorn, Fisitik 
Perfect, CUas. H. KinUmll and Alexander Taul; aupervisoi-s' 
«lerlt, C. H, Kingsbury: superiatendent of schools, J. J. Post; 
corouer. R. II. Barrett. Jndge J. A. Marklnnd held the first 
t*Tm of court, .Turn! 4, 1854. The first deed filed in the couuty 
'%rB» from William Herbert to Geo. L. Becker, being a warranty 
in 8e<itioD 14, townsliip 47, range 14. Cinwideration. #250. Tho 
<deed was recorded February, 1854. At tho organization of the 
«oiiuty. Superior was made the couuty seat. 


The site is on a beautiful plateau originally covered with pine, 
!]yiog on the southern .^horc of Lake Superior, separat^^d, how- 
««ver. from it by the waters of Superior bay, a fine uatural bar- 
Ijor shut in from the lake by tongues of land called Minnesota 
W'isironsin Points. Thiwe approach within a half mile of 
1 other, the space thus left iM'ing lh<* ortgiiml ontlet of the 
tMy. Between Wisconsin Point and the main land lie the waters 
>f Allonez hay. extending in length a distance of thrpe nules, 
tand in width in it.s widest part aliout one mile. The Nemadji 
1 river flows into Superior bay near its outlet The bay of St. 
' Louis finds an outlet into Superior bay between Rice's Point and 
n tongue of land a mile or more in length, projecting from the 
I Wisconsin main land. Minnesota Point', which separates Su- 
perior bay from Superior lake, is a strip of laud seven miles in 
I length, with an average width of 8ev<»n hundred feel, iH-aulifully 
fringed with pines. At the outlet of Superior hay two piers 
have Uten constructed, extending into the lake three-fourths of 
a mile. On one of tlie^e piers is a forty-day lighthouse, eou- 
stmcted by the government. The bay rorms one of the finest 
harbors in the world. 

The plateau on which Superior City is located is about thir^- 
five feet above the watera uf Mie buy. The site occupies the 
triangular sjmce lying between St, Louis bay and the bays of 

fAllonez and Superior, and liaK at least eleven miles of froutiige 
on thesH bays, along which nnmerons docks and piers have been 
built and projected, some of them costing as much as ^200,000. 
The government surveys were made in 1853, by George R. Stnntz, 


Fimr TEAJs 

lu JuIt of the same year J. Addison Bolmer madi^ a location on 
AUouez Point. In Aogast, John T. Hoi^n «ettlc<i at the month 
of the Xemadji river- They wero foUowwl by Wm. 11. Newtun, 
George E. Xfltlelon. Benjamin Thompson, Col. D. A. Robertson, 
R, R, Nelson, ami D. A. J. Baker, of St. PauL In Septerat>eT 
the Itoy hrolhtrs and — Oidoll rame. Tht- saun* :iuluaiii Frftiik 
Roy, Abniham Euimail and Tjonis Sonvenanl mmlt' pre-euijitions 
of frontage on Soperior bay. Several baildings were erect«Kl. 
Mr. Roy nndoibcrsifivrtoCol. Robert^n the honor of baildin^ 
the tirst hous*' in Superior. It is still standing. 

lu the fall of 1853 mineral exploratloas were made, and mines 
were worked during tlit* easnitie winter. An Indian trail was 
widentnl and a roiwl upeoeti into the St. Croix valley by wliiefa 
supplies were brought from St. PauL This road was not wide 
enongh for wagons, but wa.s travelet] during the winter in dog 
sledges and on snowsbocs. The winter following the opening 
of the rood^ Messrs. Robertson, NeJsoo and baker weut over it to 
St. Panl on foot. In the spring of 1551 Newton and others made 
additional surveys of the town site of Superior City, and the 
same was recorded Xov. 6. 1$&4. Settlers came in rapidly. O. 
K. Hall bailt a hotel. AC the organization of Douglas oonnty. 
io 1S54. Superior was made the eonoty scat, the proprietors do- 
nating twelve acre6 of laud for county buildings. Two lots for 
every eight blocks were donated for schools, twenty lots for 
clinrches, and a stinare for a park. A weekly mail to and from 
St. Paul was establishfnl in July of that year, A saw mill waft 
erected. A land oflice was e»itablished at Superior that year. 
Bev. David Brooks, a pioneer Methodist minister, preache<l tbe 
first sermon, asing a carpenter's shop as an andienco room. 

An old settlers' assoeiatiou was oi^anii^ed September, 1855, 
known as the Fond du Lac Historical Society. Its oflicers verer 
R. B. Carlton, president: W. H. Norton and E. F. Ely, 7ioe pnei- 
deuts; E. W. Perry, secretary. The Superior CkroMtcle issaed. 
its first number June 12. 1&55. It was the first newspaper pob* 
lished at the hwMl of Lake Sui>erior. Ashton & Wise were the- 
publishers. The second number containe<l the annonncement oC~ 
the opening of the Ste. Marie eanal and the passage through it or 
the first boat, the steamer Illinois. It contained also the aston- 
ishing anooanoemcnt, from the St. Anthony Erpreat, that a salt 
lake bad been discovered by W. H. Ingersoll, one hundred and 


fifty miles west of St. Cloud. The salt was said to be of good 
qaality, and in snch quantity that it could be gathered by the 
bushel. Large beds of coal had also been discovered near the 
take. The Chronicle was discontinued in 1863 and succeeded by 
the Superior Gazette in 1864. The Gazette has been succeeded 
by the Superior Times, now edited by J. Lute, Thomas Bardon, 

Superior City has passed through periods of depression as 

well as of advancement. At an early period speculators were 

lured to the spot by the manifest advantages it presented for the 

building of a great city. The favorable site attracted attention 

thronghont the Union. Wealthy men and men prominent in 

the political history of the country invested largely. Amongst 

these we find the names of W. AV. Corcoran, of Washington; 

Bobert J.Walker, of New York j G. W. Cass, of Pittsburgh, Penn- 

Bflvauia; Horace S. Walbridge, of Toledo, Ohio; the Brecken- 

ridges of Kentucky; the Bice brothers, of St. Paul; and James 

StiDSon, of Chicago. With the influence of these names, and the 

means furnished, the new city had a rapid, if not healthy growth. 

The prosperity was short lived. The adjacent country was not 

»officiently developed, the shipping interests languished, and 

those who had been attracted hither by dreams of becoming sud- 

(lenly rich, were discouraged and moved away, till, in 1858, the 

city w;ls half deserted. The period of depression continued 

through the Civil War, and for years afterward, until, by the 

bniiiling of railroads and the consequent development of the 

eouutr)-. the claims of Superior as a centre of trade wen^ again 

aeknowUnlged, and the tide of emigration \v;ls turned back. 

With Allonez. Superior and Duliith baj's for its harbor, with its 

r-.iilroiuls already bnilt, building or projected, its enterprising 

iwople are reiuly to contest with Duluth for the sovereignty of 

the Vussilted Seas. 

SniH-rior, being a combination of Old Superior and West 

SiilxTior under one municipality, wa^ organized as a village 

Auj;. 27, 1887. and held her fii-st village election Sept. '21, 1S87. 

witli a population of 6,000 peojile. It was organized with the 

following ofliciTs: President. L. F. Jnhnston; trustees, Wni. 

i Mmim. Xt'il Smith, L. G. Moran, A. Lederman, \. A. Cross, 

I and Howard TlionuLs. 




"Was platted jd 1SS4. The first buitdings were erected inOctotxr 
of the same year. The city has now a popnlatiou of 3,<Khl. It 
has excelleut gi-aded schools, Buder the supervision of ProC G. 
Cilv.n Williaiius. Tht- CatliolUs, Presbyterians and Congregation- 
atist« have church Ituildings, aiul the I^IethotlislH are alxiot to 
build. A hotel is in procwss of building that will cost when ^^^ 
completed ?100,000. West Superior is supplie<l with water-^M'^t 
works, the electric light, extensive coal docks and elevators, aodFl»A<\ 
hits thi*ee newspapers, thcSuperior/n/^r-OcetiN, established June^^-m^ 
3, 1SS6; the "WeM Superior Xfrum, established June 24, IS86; au£». 
the Suitdai/ Morniny CtiU, established July, 188". 

The Babdos Brotheks. — Jaiues, Thomas and John A. Bar- 
don came early to Sujwrior City aud ux>held her duubirul forw ^aror-" 
tunes in the days of trial, never losing faith in her prospectir. --»' ire 
greatness. They have not toile<l and watched and waited iri: in 
vain. The expecte<l railways have been bnilt; the improve«:^ ^^«f 
harbor, with dredge boats, well bnili piers and lighthouse, hack-vas 
been completed. Surveys and teroiiual approaches of oth^» in- 
roads insure the commercial prosperity of tbe city. Thoiiu^^^uis 
has for some years Iwen a resident of Ashland, Wisconsin. 

Wm. H. Newtok, an early citizen of Superior City, is iiiiini ^im 
those who have never lost faiih in its future prosperity, I>elie~ ^s"^- 
ing the head of the lake to l>e the natural terminus of Euro] 
trade aud a centre of Americiin t'ommt-ree. He is au engini 
surveyor, real estate dealer, and is interested in some of 
converging lines of railroad at Superior City. 

Solon U. Clough. — Mr. Clough was bom in ]Madison couut 
New York, Aug. 31, 1S2S: was educated at Kulton Academ 
siucc known as Falley Seminary. Oswego county. New Yor 
He attended for a short time >Iamilton C^>llege. New Yurk,stu 
Jed law, and was admitt*'d to the bar at Syracuse iu 1S5I. 1 
came to Hudson, Wisoousin. iu the fall of 1857; in 1.S61 « 
elected mayor of Hudson: iu IS6I. judge of the Eleventh oircta 
and removed to Osceola, Iu ISfifl he removed to Superior Ci' 
jnlSTti ivturneil to Hudson, but remove<l again to Superior 
IStil, where he still resides. He w:i3 re-elected circuit judge 
1870. and in 1S82 wa« appointed by Gov. Kusk to fill thevacan 
caused by the death of .ludp* Barron. At the conclusion of " 
term he was reelectetl fi>r Ihtr eusuiug term, .fudge Clough i^ 
married in 1851 to Kate Taylor, of New Y'ork. 



Vincent Roy. a brother of Peter Roy, well known amoug the 
pioueersof Iho Northwust. was born ia Fort Francis in 1825; 
came to La Poiut4^ in 18.10; ulteuded school a few ternm, and en- 
gagiHt in the fnr trade. In 18.')i he r.aini' to Superior, where he 
still resideH^ and is :in active, enterpri.sing niercbiint. 

D. Geobor Mukkihok, a aon of William MorriHon, the dis- 

.coverer of the source of the Mississippi, resides at Superior City, 

where ho hiw wrved. iis register of deeds for Oougliis county 

since 1836, a period of thirty-one years. He came to Superior 

in 1854. 

Al'oust Z^chau cftme to Superior in 1862, from Chicago^ 
"where ho bad been for three yeanj, working at the carpenter's 
t^nule. He ti-as then twenty-seven years of age, and a Prussian 
by birth. He Wiis engaged by the Superior Town Site Company 

^«4> saperintend the building improvemeutfl going on at what is 
■now the East End. When he came up, no Stc. Marie utnal had 
)x?<en dug, and a portage was necesLsary between IvakeH Superior 
«uid Huntn, involving a eliange in the Hiu' of vessels. He built 
the first hotel in Superior, Iheold Pioneer House, which burned 
4u 18^)7, and also the present NiuoUet House, which was built of 
logs, ent on what is now Tower Slip. He also built the l^uebec 
2>icr. the first dock ever built at the he-id of Lake Superior. He 
«U80 assisted in cutting the old government tmil through to the 
S^t. Ci-oix river. He was an active participant in the defease of 
%be town site people in their battles with the claim jumping pre- 
**iuptiouei-s, who ha<l settled on the hinds at^joiuing, and who filed 
<:'onl<'Sls on mut-h of the town site as soon iis tb<' |ilat~s wore re- 
sumed to the land oftice at Willow Biver, now known an Hudson, 
^11 catting the sixty miles of trail to the St. Croix, every able- 
>-wxli<-)l man turned out, except eimngh to guard the homes and 
<;ul kindling wooil. The axemen ground their axes at Fond du 
;^jae. the only tra«ling station of importance at that lime on the 
Louis river. He pre-empted, in the interest of his fellow suf- 
^^ivt% on the town site, eighty acres of land, now part of Supe- 
^^r. He haA always led a quiet, lalMirious life; now runs a small 
^*nersd store at the East End, and doiw a littlo general uon- 
rs*»cting for ties and bridge timbers and dock piling. He has a 
Ctiaii\y of five boys and one girl now living, all iu Superior. 
-A, mong th.e firit settlers were Judge Hiram Haj'cs, — Ritchie 




Prior to the organization of Minnesota Territory, in 1849, Pir:^^ 
county was included within the limits of St. Croix coanty, Wk_^_ 
consin. Until the organization of Chisago county,' in 1853, itir -^|o 
within the limits of Ramsey, and from thence until 1854, witl^ -iQi 
the limits of Chisago, when it was organized under its pres^xit 
name. Until 1858 it included the territory of the present coxati 
ties of Kanabec and Carlton. It is bounded on the north j^- 
Carlton county, on the east by the St. Croix river and the &1:;a,t:A 
line, and on the west by Aitkin and Kanabec counties. It is \r^ij 
watered by the St. Croix, Kettle and Kanabec rivers with thesir 
numerous tributaries. There are many fine lakes within Xts 
borders. The finest of thase are Cro54S, Pokegama, Pine a. -Mid 
Sturgeon lakes. This eonnty wsis originally heavily tlmbei— ed 
with pine, from which fact it derived its name. Though imme^mse 
quantities have been removed, the supply is still great enoughs to 
make this region a lumberman's paradise for years to come. 

The facilities for tioating logs to the St. Croix are scsfc-rw 
equaled elsewhere. Since 18.37 the Kanabec river has b>«en 
a principal feeder to the lumber trade of the St. Croix valley. 
In some of the forests a new growth has succeeded the old, and 
should the land be not otherwise used, the lumberman may yet 
reap successive harvests in periods ranging from eight to &fteea 
years. Much of the land in this county is well adapted for 
agricultnre. The soil is chiefly a sandy loam with clay snbsoil. 
Much of the county will eventually become a good grazing and 
cereal growing region. The southern townships are heavily 
timbered with hardwood and are rapidly being converted into 
good wheat farms. A large quantity of cordwood, piles and 


ties is annnally marketed by means of the railroad. Kanabec 
riTer is Darigable from Chengwatana and Pine City to Brnns- 
Tick, ID Kanabec county. The same steamboat that since 1881 
has navigated the Kanabec, also makes trips, six miles up the 
Eice and Pokegama rivers. The first crops raised in the county, 
except those raised by traders and missionaries, were raised on 
the Greeley farm, Kanabec river, near the western limite of the 
county, by Royal C. Gray. 

At the organization of the county, Herman Trott, George W. 
Staples and Boyal C. Gray were appointed commissioners. The 
county was attached for judicial purposes to Chisago until 1872, 
at which date the county seat, located at Chengwatana by legis- 
lative enactment, was changed by a popular vote to Pine City. 
The first district court was held in October, 1872, Judge Crosby, 
presiding; John D. AVilcox, clerk; Edward Jackson, sheritf. 

The first marriage license, issued in 1872, was to John Kelsey 
aud Mary Hoffman. The first board of county officers, after the 
remoral of the county seat, were: Commissionei-s, Hiram Brack- 
ett, George Goodwin and Edward Jackson; auditor, Adolph 
Munch; regi.ster of deeds, Don Willard; county attorney, treas- 
urer aud superintendent of schools, John D. Wilcox. The first 
article recorded by the register of Pine county was a military 
land warrant. No. 12702, iu the name of Prudence Rockwell, 
hx-ated by William Orrin Biiker upon the sonthenst (luarter of 
section 32, township 38, range 20, subject to forty days' pre-emp- 
tion, dated Stillwiitor, June 10, 1855; T. M. Fiillerton, register. 
Assigned, June 14. 1856, to Eiio.s Jones. The second record is 
of a wiirrautj' deed from John F. Bradford to W. A. Van Slyke, 
of Ramsey county, of the west half of the northwest quarter of 
section S(l. township .30, range 10. and the west half of the 
northwest quarter of the same section. 

The finances of the county were in good eontlition until 1872, 
fniiu which time, owing to heavy experulitures for new roads, 
^'ith possibly injudicious niauagement, and two defalcations of 
<^^unty auditors, considerat)le embarr:i.ssinent ensue<l. In 1876 
the state legislature bonded the connty indobtedufss of AlO,000, 
in ten year bonds, at ten per cent interest. Tliose bonds were 
^adily received by the creditors, and the county is now free 
frnni lii'bt. During the last year a bri<lge SOD feet lonj; was 
*'nilt across the Kanabec river near Pine City, at a eosf of 5'-i,350. 
for which the State appropriated 81,500 and the county ftl.S5(t. 


ifM« ":;„ A***- *L ot *'* ; :,„ u» ''"'i^os >•*"' 

»pv«»* ;' vw* ^'" » CO., '""^ ^ i"" '"' ' 



«w«^ c^i^ ^"* : i.-. -"^''"" ' . ^ c«i j"^"' 

•'*^'"^w- ...,^^-y 


A. Co 










It French trading post at Pokegama long before he went there. It 
vpas iu the spring of 1847, after a wearisome day's tramp, that I 
made his acquaintance and shared his unstinted hospitality. 
His post, at that time, was located at the mouth of Goose creek, 
Chisago county, on the banks of the St. Croix. His rude, port- 
able house was built of bark, subdivided with mats and skins 
into different apartments. Although at an advanced period in 
life, his mind was clear and he conversed with a degree of 
intelligence which caused me to ask him why he lived thus 
secluded, away from all the privileges of a civilized life. His 
reasons, some of them, were forcible; he liked the quiet of the 
wilderness, away from the turmoils of the envious white race. 
I learned from him many interesting facts connected with travel- 
ers, traders and explorers of our St. Croix valley. This was the 
last season he spent on the river. 

Id 1S47, when I visited Pokegama, Jeremiah Kussell, an In- 
dian farmer, had a very pretty farm on a point of land on the 
soDthvest side of the lake, and between the lake and the river. A 
Frenchman, Jarvis, lived a short distance from Russell. Across 
theliike from liussell's were the neat and tasteful log buildings 
and gardens of the Presbyterian mission. The mission was es- 
tablished in the spring of 1836, by Rev. Frederic Ayer and his 
associates, under the ausi)icios of the American Board of Foreign 
Missions. Mr. Ayer had been laboring at Yellow Lake mission, 
l)iu, owing to the growing unfriendliness of the Indians, had been 
reraoved to Pukegania. Much pertaining to the mission work, 
both at Pokegama and elsewhere, will be found iu the biographies 
of the principal missionaries. We mention here only such inci- 
dents ii» may be of more general interest. For many of these 
ineiili'nts we arc indebted to Mrs. Elisabeth J. Ayer, of Belle 
Pr.iiri)', the widowof Rev. Frederic Ayer, for a long time mission- 
ary to the Ojibways. This estimable lady has passed her eighty- 
fifth year, but her mind is still clear and her hand steady, her 
manuscript havingtheappeaninceof the work of a precise young 
>*chooliiiistri'ss. She mentions an old Canadian, who had been in 
the country sixty yeai-s, and for seven or eight years had been 
entirely blind. He was known as Mushk-dc-winini (Thc-old- 
hliiid-prairie-inan), also the old trader. ThonuLS Conner, the re- 
niainsof whose mud chimney and tbuiidation of the old trading 
house may still i)e seen on the southern shore of the lake. 



Fmnklin Btcele miis the fii-st vrhite man to vitiit tbe r0i:te*ioti. 
la tbe SI ring of 1837 the inissioti uirled tbrw or four faiuilii^s j 
building. Febmiiry, 18;*T. It*'v. Mr. Hall, of Ibc Li Pointi^ 
inisaiuii, visitod Pokcguma, iiiid orgauized » church *>( noveu ni^ni- 
Ijors, — throoof whom were imtivi>s. — administ«red the urdin:iijc^ 
of Iwiptism to eight pei-sons, and fsolemuizcd Iwu oiarriii^cH^ 
prolKiMy the tirst in (he volley of tbt- St. Ciuix. Kev». Itou»'^ 
veil aud Kly came to the mi-ssion in 1837. A ncliool hnri Im^ 
opened, srtiue Indiun hoiist^s ImiU. aud gardens t-nhirgeil, at^- 
thr ftilure uf Die niinsion .seeuit^l assured. Mm. Ayer ivUles 
following account of the 



In 1841 the Sioux selectetl thin settlement as the ploe^ ^ 
avenge (be wrongs of thi* Ojiltways — snnio of reeenl thttv; ^_ 
principal of which was the killing of two sou-s of Little (-•row(r/oue 
in self defense) between I'olcegama and tbo falls of tbe St. Croisu 
The Sioux arrived al Pokegauni in the night, and stopped on ttie 
otiposite side of the lake, two miles from llie missitiu. The 
body went to the main HCttlement, and. after examiuing t^lie 
ground whi>re they inttMided to operate, hid among the trees a. iid 
brush back of the Indian gardens, with ordei-s thiil all k«L.=n?p 
quiet on both sides of the lake till a given signal, when -fth^ 
Indians were busy in their garden.s an<l then make quick woxlc. 
But their plnius failed. Most of the Ojibways of the 6ettlea&<'ijt 
had, from fear of the Sioux, slept on an island half a mile on tin 
the lakc^T mc-an the women aud children), aud were late to Llieir 
gardens. In the meantime a loaded (uinoi* wan nearing tbe oppo. 
site shore and the few Sioux who bad remainwl thereto ilispntch 
any who, in time of battle, might attempt to escape by irrossiug 
over, fired preniatnrely. This gave the alarm, and saved tlie 
Ojibways. The chief ran to Mr. Ayer's door ni»d said, expp<*8s- 
ively: "The Sioux are upon tis,'* and was off. The Indians 
seemed at once lo under«laud that the main body of thecnem; 
was at hand. The missiimarit^ stepped out of thednor mid Ijad 
just time to see u great 8i)l:Lshiug of wHt<^'r across the lake wlifu 
bullets came whizzing about their ears, and they went iti. The 
Sioux had lefl: their hiding place and the battle commHncfd in 
earuest. Most of the women and children of the Mtlemout 
were vei on the island. The house of the chief was wi*II l«irri- 





c^dcfd and most of the men gathered in there. The remainder 
took refuge in a house more exposed, at the other end of the 
village. The enemy drew up very near und firf-d in at the win- 
dow. One gun was made useless, being inrtentetl by a ball. The 
owner retired to a corner and spent the tiuie in prayer. The 
mother of the house, with her small children. v,t\s on her way to 
tbe islaud under a shower of UiUeLs, i-jillirig aloud on God for 

The missionarie-s seeing from their windows quantities of 

l>]oody fleish upon r^ttimps in the battle field, thought surely that 

several of their friends had fallen. It proved to be a eow and 

oalfof an Ojibway. The mission children were much frightened 

ttnd linked many que^ttous, and tor apparent safety weut up 

stairs and were pnt behind somi-: well tilled barrels. In the heat 

■of battle two Ojibways cane from the island and landeil in front 

Of Mr. Ayer's hon»e. Thoy drew their canoe ashore and se- 

•oi-eted themselves as well as the surroundings would permit. Not 

1 oiig after three Sioux ran ilowii the hill and toward the cunoe. 

*Xhey were fired upon and on© fell dead. The other two ran for 

i^elp but before they coutd return the Ojibways were on the way 

V->a<'k t« the island. Xot liaving time to tnke the scalp of their 

■^&neuiy, they hastily cut the powder horn strap from his breast, 

«^ripping with blood, as a trophy of victory. The Sioux drew 

Ttbe dead body up the hill and back to the place of fighting. The 

*^oi8e ceasetl. The battle was over. The mif^sionaries soon heard 

'^iihe joyfol words, quietly spoken: "We still live." Nota war- 

»^or had fallen. The two school girls who were in the canoe at 

~^he first firing in the moruiug were the only ones killed, though 

'ftialf the men and boys in the fight were wounded. The Sioux 

~^r<iuieu and boys who had come with their w;u-riors to carry 

^way the spoils had the chagrin of returning as empty as they 


The Ojit>wayR were careful that no canoe shontd be left within 

^s^sach of the .Sioux. Fi-om necessity they took a canoe, made by 

^Ir. Ely. and removed iheir dead two miles up the river, dressed 

'%h«tu (seemingly) in the best the party could furnish, with each 

^ double barrehnl gun. a tomahawk and scalping knife, st^t them 

vp ag-ainst some large trees and weut on their way. Some of 

«he«e articles, including Iheir head dre^^ses, were sent to the 

xniiseum of tbe American board, in Boston. 



In the closing scone the missionnrics bad the opportunity of 
seeing the dillVrenee between those Indians who h;ul listened to 
instruction and tlKwe who had not. The f^eond day after the 
battle the pagan paily brought liairk to tlie island the deftd 
bodieH of their enemies, cut in pieces, and distribntcd jtartj to 
such Ojibwaysas had at any time lost friends by the handsoftbe 
8ionx. One woman, whose daughter was killed and mutilated 
on that memoi-able morning, when she saw the canoes comiug^ 
M'ith a bead raised high in the air on a long pole, waded out iut<» 
the water' grabbed it like a hungry dog and dashed it repeat- 
edly on the stones with savage lienienesa. Others of the pagans 
conducted tlipmselve.s in a fiiniihir mannfr. They even cooked 
some of the Hesh that night in their kettles of rice. Eunice (as 
she Wfts named at her baptism) was offered an arm. At first she 
hesitated; but for reasons, suiiicieut in her own mind, thonghc 
best to take it. Her daughter in law, widow of her son who had 
recently been killed and tihoppe<l into pieces by the 8ioux, took 
another, and they went into their lodge. Ennice said: **5Iy 
daughter, we must not du jw Konie o( our friends are doing. We 
have t)een taught better," and taking some white cloths fi-om 
lier Ka<:k they wmpped th*» arms in Ihem, offered a prayer, and- 
gave thcui a decent liuriiil. About this time a Mr. Kirkland wi 
sent from Qnincy, Illinois, by a party who wished to plant a.^ 
colony not far from the mission station. lie arrived at Poke — 
gama very soon after the t>attle. Notwithstanding what b 
happened he selected a location on Cross lake, just where a rail- 
road has now beeu in operation for some years. He worked rig- 
orously for tM-o vr thn^' weeks, and then went to consult IhG^ 
Indian agent and th<' ntililary at Fort Snt'lliug. They gave hi 
uo eneonragenient that the two trilxw would ever live in peace 
and he went home. The Ojibways lived in constant fear 
and the place was soon desertetl. This wa^ a great trial to Ibi 
missionaries; bnt they did not urge them to stay. They se 
iiitod into sumll parties and went where they could get a Hvioi 
for Ihe pn^ent and be out of danger. The teachers remaiued b 
their post, occn»ionally visiting Ihe Indians in their retrealV 
hoping they might soon think it safe to return to their hom«a. I 
this they wen^ disapiHunttxl. These visits were not always ve 
safe. On one of these trips Mr. Ayer was lost, and from cold a 
hunger came near perishing. Not finding the party he sough 


be Tandered about for a day or two. lu the meantime the 
weather became much colder. Not expecting to camp out he 
took only one blanket and food enough for one meal. In cross- 
ing Kettle river on a self-made conveyance, and there being ic& 
on the opposite shore, he got weL The Indians, anticipating his 
▼iaatf had sent a young man to the mission station to guide him to 
their new locality. He returned in haste, fell on Mr. Ayer's 
track, and a light sprinkle of snow enabled him to follow it un- 
til he was foand. 

Mrs. Ayer relates several incidents illustrative of Indian char- 
acter. As her husband had been stationed at Yellow Lake, and 
afterward at Bed Lake, these incidents are not uecessai'ily located 
at Pokegama: 


The Red Lake Indians were a noble band — they had a noble 
chief. In civilization be led the way, in religion he did not op- 
pose. He shouldered a heavy axe, and could be seen chopping 
on one side of a lai^e tree, in perspiration, while his wife wason. 
the other side, helping all she could with her hatchet. This- 
chief vas also an advocate of temperance. Not that he didn't 
love whisky, but he hated the effect of it on his band. He dic- 
tated a letter to the president, begging him not to let the white 
fjic«« bring anymore firewater to his people, giving as one reason 
that they had teachers among them who must be protected, and if 
they had whisky he did not know what might happen. 


In the church there was much childish simplicity. Once when 
^Ir. Ayer was lecturing on the eighth eoniniandment, he paused, 
and vithout expecting an answer, said: "'Xow who is there 
Jimong you who has not stolen!" One woman began to con- 
fess—another followed, then another. One thought she had 
stolcnabout seven times. Another entered more into particulars, 
"iieiitiouing the things she had stolen, till the scene was quite 
•^niu-iing. Another rose to confess, but was cut short by her hiis- 
t*^inl. who said: ''Who knows how niaiiy times he lin-s stolen ' 
^^~e are a nation of thieves." And with a few remarks tlie nuM't- 
^<»g closed. 


imr TEABs 


After a medicine daace, according to Indian custom, they pro- 

■po^'(\ ii fcjiHt, l>m tbcre was iiotliing on wliicb to feast. There 
was a large couipaiiy and all were hungry. Mr. Ayer'.s cow wrw 
in the barnyard near. Three daring Tenon's sitting by themselvi^ 
began totaunt I'uch otherin regard tollieir comparative prowess 
Alter uu exiiitement was created, one of them, to show bis bmv- 
«ry, Hbot tlie cow. Mr. AyerwuH in hiH gardeuaud witnessied the 
performance. Two or three of the leading men inlbiftpiigan 
party eauie immediately to Mr. Ayer to learn whether he would 
take the cow for hiRown use. While they were talking (perhaps 
twenty minutes) the cow was cat in pieces, and in the Indians* 
kettles preparatory to a good time. Al^er the Indians had sold 
their laud they paid for the cow. 


Iiidiaiw are isafd to Iw revengeftil- They are. So are white 
men. Tbi-y figlit for llu-ir rightj*. So do wbite men. They are 
thieves and liars. So are wbite men. (Quarrelsome, eneioas, 
jealous. So are wbite men. Experience trachea* that according 
to their linowle<lge they compare favorably with Anglo-Saxons. 
Sin is none the l)etter, nor lew niiscbievons, for being civilized. 

A missionary, a good man, too. he waH. accused an iuuooeu 
woman of stealing bis shirts that were laid out on the snow l4 
whiten. His wife, not reniembei-ing that she had brought tbeu; 
in early in the morning, asked bim to go out and get them. B 
they were not to be found! " WbohaslMn-u here I bit) morning 
was HskiHl. •* Ekw;u;L[is; I don't remember any other." *' Wi 
she shan't hare those shirts. I'll overtake her before she ^ 
home." lie followed her four miles, detf-raiiDcd to have 
shirts. The woman declared her innocence, and told hitt> 
search the wigwam. He did so, bnt said hin\sclf that it was <ic:-^ 
rather roughly. In the meantime the wife espied the shirta j ^^ 
where she bad put them. This nll'air was ever after a sourct;*^ _^ 
regn-t to them. 

Some of the Indians laughed heartily; others made rciiuk.x-)^^ 

rather sarcastic. The woman herself felt disgraced by theao«i,. 

sation, but nevi*r mnuifi'Sti'd signs of wanting to "pay back/ *• or 

n a wiiy to ;neiijre the wrong. 




An employe of the Ainerieaii FnrConijwinyi « ''gnipii hand/' 
was crossing a portage. The loail on his back was topped off 
with a biigof ttour. The hill was steep and long. Steps were 
cut in it like a flight of stHirs. As he reached the top a mis- 
chievous Indian toaehcd the bag, and it went tumbling to the 
foot of the hill. The Frenchman immediately sent the Indian 
tambling after it. Some of the i^nnpany adviseil the French- 
Ulan to nin away, for the Indian might kill him. He told them 
boldly that he would not run away. The Indian gathered him- 
self up, came to the top of the hill, told the Fretichnian he had 
done just right, offered his hand and they were firm friends* 
Alaguauimous had it been a white man. 

Rev. Fkkdekic Aver was born id Stockbridge, Massnchu- 
«s^ttK, in 180.1. When he wjls two yejirs old the family moved 
tio Central Xew Vork. His father was a Presbyterian minister, 
^nd they intended that their son should I'olluw the same profes- 
sion; bnt before he was prepared bis health failed and he turned 
ft^is attention to other business. 

He commenced his labors for the Iiidian.s in lS2i>, by teaehiitg 
^3ie luissiOD school at Mackinaw, under the superiatendoucy of 
-^Ei4»v'. M. Ferry. The pupils of this school wen; not all Ojibways 
^::»Ht were from many dilYereut trilu'-s, and spoke different lan- 
^^u»^*«. Mackinaw was thea a general depot of the North 
nifrican fnr traders. They brought not only their own 
hildren to the school but such others as parents among whom 
liey were trading wished to send. They were gathered from 
r^ike Winnipeg, British America north, to Prairie dnChiennnd 
-he head of Lake Michigan south. They were taught in Eng- 
:iilh only. 

In the summer of 18.10 Mr. Ayer went to La Pointe, Lake 

nperior, with Mr. Warreu, opene<l a school and commenced 

lie study of the Ojibway language. In 1S31 he met at Mackinaw, 

vs. Halt and BonCwell. who wvre sent out bj the American 

""^Ij ijard of Commissioners for Foreign Missions tn the Indians, 

^^^nd he returnwl with Mr. and Mw. Hall and their interpreter 

o .lipcnd another winter at T>a Pointe. 

The next year. 1831!, Mr. Ayer wintered with another trader at 

^^3audy Lake. Ue opened a school tbei-e and completed a little 



Ojibwny Hpf>11ing book ivhicli was roinmt'ueed at La Poiot*-. In 
th« spring o( lS;t.'i he left Sandy Lake for Ulii*a. Xew York, to — 
get. the book printed. Mr. Aitkin, with whom he bad wintered, 
gave him eighty dollars, nud with a park ou bis ba«'k and a 
t'xperienccd guide, be starte<l on his journey. Before tbe.v 
reached Sault Ste, Marie the ice oa Lake Superior was bo w 
that Mr. Ayer broke through and was saved only by earryin 
hoi-izoiitully in bis hands a long pole to prevent his sinking. 

Hr. Ayer hastened on to complete the object of his journey, 
tliat he might return to Mackinaw in time to go up Lake Supe 
rior with the ti-adecs. Mr. Ayer, hitherto an independent worker 
now pat himself under the direction of the '' American Boards* 
and was sent to Yellow Lake, within the present bouuds of Ba 
uctt couDty, M'isconsin. Miss Delia Cooke, whose name shonl 
never be forgo^tten among the early missionaries of the America 
board to the Indians, and Miss Hester Crooks, a girl educated 
Mackinaw, anil who had Bome experience in te-aching, we 
amongthennmber whocoasteil np I Jike Superior in a Mackinaw^ 
boat; the former to La Pointo mission, the latter to Yellow La! 
with Mr. and Mrs. Ayer. They wintered in Dr. Borup*8 fomil; 
Mrs. Borup also had, for some years, been a pupil at Maekiua 
The next year Miss Crooks married Rev. >Ir. Boutwell a: 
went to Leech hike, and J. L. Seymour and ^(isa Sabriii 
fiteven». also Henry Blatchford. an interpreter from Maekiuat 
were added to Yellow Lake mission. When Mr. Ayer told t 
Indians his object in coming among tbem, they ga%'e him a w 
come. But six mouths later, seeing two or three log houses 
process of building, they wtire much troubled, and met ina 
to request him to go an'ay. A Menomonie from the re^oi 
Creeu Buy had stirreil them up, not against the missionariedr 
against the general government. 

The speaker said: *' It makes the Indians sad to sec the vtk>^ 
man's house go up on their land. We don't want you to sUa 
you must go." Further on he said: " Yon shall go! " Mr. A:^^';^er 
answered him. The party left at midnight, and the misiuouaK'^Kftt 
went to bed with heavy hearts, thinking they might l>e thi-«^f~sf 
ont almost immediately. But tx^fore sunrise (he next moral V'!? 
abonr Iwolblrds of thi- same party returned, anil »iitl they lit^^ 
come to take bock what they said the night before. The yci^^^f 
chief was speaker, but his words wtre mild. '*AVhy," said Iii^^ 



** should we turn these teachers away before they have doue us 
any harm?" They would like to have us stay, he said, but added 
that they did not want any more to come, for the result might be 
the loss of their lands. We might use whatever their country 
afforded, but they would not give us any land, or sell us any. 
"For." said the speaker, "if we should sell our laud where 
would our children play?" 

Mr. Ayer finished his school house, and went on with his work 
as though nothing had happened. But evidently things were 
not as they should be. The chief seemed to "sit ou the fence," 
ready to jump either way. The war chief was always friendly, 
but he had not so much control over what concerned us. He did 
what he could without giving offense, and was anxious that his 
daoghter of fourteen years should be taken into the mission 
&mjly. Mr. Ayer remained two years longer at Yellow Lake. 
In the meantime the chief of the Snake River band sent messages 
inviting the teachers to come and live among them. Accord- 
ingly in the spring of 1836 the mission was removed to Pokegama 
lake, eighteen miles up the river. The chief did all he had 
promised, and showed himself a man. Xothlng was said here to 
s-emind the missionaries that they were using the Indians' wood, 
'wa.ter and fish. On the contrary, when they sold their land, it 
-wd^ urged that the teachers' children should be enrolled for an- 
imal piiyment, the same as their own. The chief said that as 
tlitywere born on the land it was no more than right, and he 
vw- i^he^l it might be done. 

In 1842 Mr. Ayer went with his family to the States; and in 

Oberlin was ordained preacher to the Ojibways. Jle soon returned 

to tho Indian country, and David Brainard Spencer, an Oberlin 

.•student, with him. They spent the winter of 1842-3 in traveling 

from one trading post to another, selecting locations for mission- 

^O' lalmr. Fur their own field they chose Red Lake. AVh*;u 

^Irs. Ayer, with her two little boys, six and eight years old, went 

*^*> Join her husband at the new station, AIoiizo Jiarnard and 

"w^ife and S. G. Wright, all of Oberlin College, wont with her. 

^tUfr missionarie.s soon followed, and that station was for many 

J't'iirs supplied with eftieient laborers. More recently the work 

tluTt- was iLssigned to Bishop Whipple, and is still carried on. 

ilr. and Mrs. Ayer, in 18(15. otVered theii" services to the freed- 
^UtMi of the South and were employed at Atlanta, Georgia. 




Mr. Ayer or^iiiztfd a Coiigreg:ttional chnrch and a baptistry 
connected with the house of worship, that he might baptise by 
immersiou or otherwise, according to the wishes of tho candi- 
dfite. He also formed a temperance society, vhich some moDibs 
Ifoforo his dontU nmubered more than six hundred members. 

There was great grief at death amongst all chisse^. Ao 
aged man, who had lost a small fortune in his devotion to the 
Confederacy, embraced the corpse, and said: "If he had not 
holpeu me, I should have before gone him." Many others, iii,^^ 
word or action, expressed a similar feeling. All classes of [leopl^^^ 
were represcnl^-d at his funeral. His remains wei-e burie<l ''■^^ 
the Atlanta c<'nie(«ry, Oi-t. 1, 18>>7. Thus passed away one wlw ' 
had spent a life for the benefit of others. 

Mr. and Mrs. Ayer in some instances taught three generatit^^ 
of Ojihway blood, and North and South, they were, in the coai 
of their labors, aftsoi'iatiKl fur a longer or 8hort«r time, with ino 
than eighty different missionaries,— a noble band, — with few «. 
ceptions worthy the name they bore. Most of tUem have pjiss* 
away, and their graves are scattered here aud there from Bnti3& 
America lo Georgia. 

Rev. William T. Boutwell, who figures so prominently in 
the history of the e-.irly nii.ssions iu the St. Croix valley, i^r— »;; 
born in Hillsborough county. New Hampshire, Fob. 4, IS^tjjj. 
He was educated at Daitmouth aud Andover colleges, and go 
1831, Ihe year of his graduation at Audover, he came to "^Vjc 
Northwest a.s a Presbyterian uiissionai-j'. He spent one yea -^r at 
Mackinaw, learning the Chijipewa languiige, under the iustx-i:«(>. 
tion of Itev. W'.^f. Ferry, father of Senator Ferry, of Michiv?i»ji. 

In 1.H32 our government sent an embawiy o( thirty men, n jj^| 
the control of the Indian agent at Ste. Marie, Heury B. Bcbo^^^ 
cnift> to Irauqnilize the tribes and effect some ad\'anta^c<:jQ 
treatiis). The embassy was accompaui<d by an uuttit of sohli^, 
under the comumud of Lieut. Allen, Dr. Houghton, physiclao 
George .Tohnsou, iuteriiretcr, aud Mr. Boutwell. Th(r csiq. 
hessy had a libenU outfit of provisions, e<|ni pages aud triul.cLt*t^ 
for the Indians, and was conveycfl in a large baC«Mi of scr^mj 
tons capacity, and some birch canoes, the largest of which was 
thirty fwt long, aud capable of containing nine peraoos. On 
arriving at Fond du Luc, the head of uavigatiou on ilic> .St 
Louis river, Mr. Boutwell wrote as follows to the niissioniuj 



"Onnrriving !ii»T(* I wjim not a lilUu snpprisisd to find four 
bnodred MaU, haU l>rrt'<I'* and white men. The sct-ne at. our 
lai)<U[>K *^^ sQch an I nover lii'fori' n-itncssod. and (^nuugh to fill 
yar. uQaccostomod to the like iia royaelf. with wonder, if not with 
Th«! ytdling itt Indiuns. biirkiiig of dngR. oryiog of chil- 
muiiing of tliu mtillitiidi', distrliui-g** of musketry, and 
AouHsh »f ringts wna noise in the extreme. At ten o'clock I 
prMicI»fd to iibont forty in Englinb, the first Hornion ever preached 
ben*. Aiid nl 4 P. 31. 1 adrlrt->ised, throngb Mr. Jolioson, more 

--^ v?;.l 


Icrtbxt nniiiber of Freneh. balfbreedsand IndJuDH; man^ 
Iter of whom for the first time listened to the word of 
All listened «'iLb nltentiou stnd iutvrest-. My iuterpret4*r 
on my right, while aehii^f ocoupied a n.-at at my left. Around 
Wlow nie, 01) the Hoor, sat lii.s men, wumeu and chitilrea, 
ft Mate of atmoM entire undUy, many of whom bad no more 
rlulh al>out the loiux. and a blanket, but some of the 
I not evt^u a blanket, — all with their pipt« and tobacco 
SKMiche!^ paiotetl with all tlie vnriety of ligurctt that can be 



From Fonil da Jjoc he proctHMlfil with the pxiwditioii ap ihe 
St> L<jiiis river, crossing tht* falls by » purtagc, uiid asct^udiug 
to the point tif'arest Saudy lake, which wasreacbetl by a portage. 
The expedition proetwde*! up the Mt^sissippi to L**ech lake. 
Leai-uiug from the Indians at this point that Ciss lake, the re- 
puted sooroe of the Missisfippii w:is not the real source, the ex- - — ^. 
pedition proceeded, under the guidance of a chief and a nnmberr3K-«r 
of bis trilM?, to aseend the river further. When they reached the 
lake, now known :u( Itasca, five of the party, LieuU All^n^ 
Scboolcraft> Honghton, Johiuwn, and Bontwell, were sent ir.^ ja 
muocs with Indian gnidefl to explon* the shores of the lake-^i^if. 
Xo inlet being found the party came to the eonelusiou thi ^raat 
this was. m the Indituis claimed, the true source of the Mi^^^i^ 
siasippi river. 31r. Schoolcraft being satisfied as to the correctV^;:^- 
nes8 of the ohecrvations, landed his party on an inland near thKi^^ie 
middle of the lake. 

He was puzsled to know what name to give the lake, anKL^^d 
asked Mr. Boutwell if he knew of any word that would expre^^noEB 
the term '* true he:ul of the river.'' >[r. Boutwell .said he cou~ ^^nkl 
think of no single word that would oxpreas it, but there we^^aere 
two I^ttn words that would answer the purpose, and those wl -^ i;re 
vrrittiii — true, and mfjHf — head. Mr. Schoolcraft immwliatc^ ely 
wrot« on a piece of paper the two words, and then erasing tMr the 
first syllable of the fimt woni and the last syllable of the lull ^lii. 
joiued the remaining syllables. He then planted the stars fla^Bttitd 
stripes on a little eminence, and formally ciiristeucd the I^k^ _iake 
*• Itasca." They then proceeded to dest^end the Mississippi. •' -^'A* 
we were passing through the outlet of the lake," Kaid Mr. Bc^^-od(- 
w^l, '* I stopped my canoe on the shore and jumped across -^ the 
Mississippi. I considered that a great thing to relate In w^^mtter 

The party with their own boats descended the Mississippi, - <Ji» 

tributiug tobacco, medals and (tags to Indians un their w ay.* 
*' When I Me the great cities of MinueapuUs aud St Paul oc^*," 
nid Mr. Boutwell, "I huve to reflect that when we mad^ our 
memorable trip down the river in I83J we stopped at 8t -^a- 
thony ftUU, and I stood on the east bank and looked acrocs '^ 

• 8nw«l rw« prior lo tU> WOHmh MnrrlM tod m uwUMg •tatlM npoa Um ibofM «« Hk 
lAk«. wd U proteMr tka to* mkttm man «bo «uiad tt, but it do» mi wmt UmI 1m Uwllg 
U M tfa* mmif Of llx WlMiwIyH- 


river in profonml mitiiiration uf the most b(<aiitiful lnridHcape I 
bad ever Been, with only a fpw heail of goveiiuiienl cattle be- 
longing at Fort Snellitig grazing upon it. The whole <x)untry on 
both sides of the river wiis as God had made it. MTien we passed 
the locality of St. Paul there was not even an Indian tepet to be 

The party haltwl at a Sioux tinlian village at Kapo&ia, a few 
miles below St. Panl, and after a short eonsnltation proceeded to 
the luoath of the St. Croix, and ascending the St. Croix to its 
jMurcc, made a portage of two miles Im the source of the Burnt 
I wood liver, which they d(s*eendt'd to Lake Superior, and thence 
returned to their starting place. lu the following year Mr. 
Boutwcll'e'd a uii-ssiun at Leech ];ike. In giving an ac- 
count of his nweption by the Indiaiu^ he saj's: " When 1 ar- 
rived the men, with a few exceptions, were making their fall 
hunts, while their families remained at the lake and its vicinity 
to gather their corn and make rice. A few lodges were encamped 
quite near. Tbe&e I began to visit, for the purpose of reading, 
singing, etc.. in order to interest the children and awaken in 
Iheui the desire for instruction. I toM them about the chiUlreu 
at Mackinaw, the Snnit, and at La Pointc. who eoald read, write 
and sing. Totbis they would listen attentively, while the mother 
would often reply: ' My children are poor and ignorant-' To a 
person nnaccastomed to Indian manners and Indian wildness it 
would have been amusing to have seen the little one«, sis I ap- 
proaciied tbeir lodge, running and screaming, more terrified, if 
^~" ible. than if they had met a bear robbe<i of her whelps. It 
not long, however, before most of them overcametheir fears; 
Bud in a few days my dwelling, a lodge which I occupied for 
three or four weeks, was fre«jnente<l from morning till evening 
by an interesting gi-oup of boys, all desirous to learn to read, si ng, 
etc- To have seen them hanging, some on one knee, others 
on ray shoulder, reading and singing, while others, whether from 
Ahame or fear I know uot^ who dared not venture within, were 
peeping' in throngh the sides of the cottage, or lying Uat upon 
the ground and looking under the bottom, might have provoked 
a smile; especially to have seen them as they caught a glance of 
myeye; springing upon their feet and rnnniug like so many wild 
anen colts. The rain, eold and snow were alike to them, in 
eh they would come, day aft«r day, many of them ciwi merely 



with A blaakot and a narrov strip of cloth abont the loins. The 
mt*u at Irugth ictmneJ, ami an opportunity wjv> prosento*! me 
Ibrn'ading lothiMU. Thf gri-ali-r imrt lislem-diiltfiitivfly. Some 
wonUl rome tMck and i\sk mi- to rputt more, Othfrs luugli<*i1, and 
aimiMl to make import o( both me and my raissiuu.'' 

Ut? oontinn*Hl to lalwr h*>re niitil liSCiT, whtMi the Ind J a nft be- 
coming ti'ouble^^me, and having murdered Aitkin, an agent of 
the fur company, he deemed it advisablt* to remove the mi>sion 
to Pok*>gauia lake. He labi>re<l here faithfully, much respected ^t. 
by the Indians for hi.s tirfhness and ehri&tian devotion. In IW7 t^ 
he removed to StillwHter and settled on a farm near the city» ^. — ^ 
where he is spending the remainder of his days, cared for by "^^y 

his afleetioniitt* danghter Kat^ and her kind husl)»nd, — 

Jones. Though intirm in body on account of advanced age hi-^s^^u 
mind is clear and his memory retentive. He enjoys the respee»':5r:aet 
aceonlcd to venerable age, and that tirhich pertains to au earl»^ ^j- 
and middle life ftpent in unusual toils and hardships in \h'.^Jbt 
noblest work intrusted to the bands of man. 

Mbs. Hestek CiitxiKs BorrWEl.i. deservwt honorable roentict-^-^^Hm 
as the early cumpanioti of the devoted missionary. She wat» Us=f Jie 
daughter of Ramsey Crooks, of New York, ou Indian trade:, ^sser. 
Her mother was a half-breed Oiibway woman. He«ter Croolff~^«DfcS 
waHboru on Dnimmond island, I^ike Hnmn, May :{0, 1S17. H»I^Ber 
father gave her a superior education at Sfackinaw mission. BF-^5he 
vasa woman of tall and commanding fignre. her black haira» i^nd 
eyes indi«iting her Indian origin. She was a fluent con\-^ ~^^pr- 
sationalist. and careful and tidy in her personal ap[>earan»> ^^m. 
She died in Stillwater in 1853. leavingafamily of seven childit-w ^j. 


This town derive<l its name from the Chippewa words, "che^c^- 
wa" (pine) and "tana'' (city), applied to an Indian Tillage wbx£^ 
from time immemorial had been located near the month of Crcw 
lake. This locality had long l>eeu a rallying point for Indiausani/ 
traders. When the writer visited it, in 1846. it had the appew 
ance of an ancient place of resort. Half-breeds and whites with 
Indian wives settled here, and in 1852 there were several log 
homtes, and a hotel kept by one Ebenexer Ayer. There was ateo 
a dam built for sluicing logs- Amoiig^ the early settlers wen 
Dnaup Porter. George GoiMlwiii, Herman Trott, John is. RaodaU, 



lil, Oiwtave and A.(lolph Aruiicb. llr. Trott built a fine icsi- 
deD<'« on the siiore of Ckkhm bike, afterward the home of S. A. 
ButchiuHon. The Munch brothers built a store and made other 
lnipi-ovcment«. John G. It:»ndan, in 1S5G-7-S, niaiiuf:tctured bmi- 
.ber. run it dowii the Kanabec and St. Croix rivers to Rnsh Soba, 
Gaurise and Taylor's Falls. In 1S52, and soon after the balldiag 
of the goverumeul roiid toSuiJeriorCity.a post office aud a stage 
route from St. Paul to Superior City were established. The liaiUj 
to which refei-enre has been made, was built in 1848, by Elam 
Greely. It is at the outlet of Cross lake and has teu feet bead. 
The flowage covers many thonsands of acres. The ownership 
ha6 changed several times. The tolls levied amount to from teJi 
to fidecn ccutti per thousand feet. The chartered operators con- 
krol the Bowagc completely, opening and shutting gates at their 
plensure. Many of the first seltlere removed to otlier localities. 
Mr. Tntttand the Munch bmthei-s to St, Paul, J. G. Randall to 
Colorado, and Ix)uis Ayd to Taylor's Falls. 

In IWfJ an eflbrti was miule to lonnd a village on the site of the 
old Indian town of Chengwatnna. Judd, Walker & Vo. and 
Daniel A. Hobertsou surveyed and platted the village of Alhaui- 
bra. but the n:tmewas not generally accepted, and tlie old Indian 
pame of Cheng\vataiia superseded it. The town of Chengwatana 
Iraa organized in 1874. The firet supervisors were Duatie Por- 

er, Kesin Dcnman and Ferdinand Blank. 

Louis Ayp was bom in Germany iu X840; came to America in 
tS52 and settled iu Chengwatana. He served three aud a half 
(rears as a soldier during the RtsbctUon, aud w:is st^riously injured 

D the service. On his return he setthnl in Taylor's Falls, He 
is a well-to-do farmer and dealer in live stock for the meat mar- 
'ket. He has been a member of the lioman Catholic church 
Ironi childhood. Ue was married to KosalMilla HoRinan. of Hud- 
Bou. Wisconsin, in 1871. 

DUANE FoBTER, thc SOU of a surgeon in the United States 
Army in the war of 1812, was born in Washington county. New 
york, iu 182.5; aune West as far as Illinois in 1852, and to St. 
L-roix Palls in 1844. He was married in 1848 to Mary Lapraire, 
iDd in the same year located at Chengwatana. His occupation 

s tbftt of aD explorer and lumhernmn. He has teu children 

S. A. HUTCHINSoy. — Mr. Hutchinson was a native of Maine, 


mnd whilp yi»t a youth came to tin- vallev of the St. Croix, an* 
loeatetl at Chengwiitanu, where he married a Chippewa woi 
and raised a family of haU-breeil ehiUlreJi. ''Gas" Hnt-rhiiuwn 
as he was famiUnrly called, had man)' noble trait** of ehanictei 
and was very popular with his associates. Ue liad a well Iraint 
mind; was skilled as a Inmberman and explorer, and vas of 
genial disjiosition. honeet in heart and tnic in bin friendship 
He was elect**! sheriff of Pine county, and served four yei 
On the night of Aug. 16, 1880, he was foand in a aittiug \H)Stu 
on bis bed, lifeless, a rifte ball having pierced his heart. Xt 

appeared, on investigation, that his oldest son vant«<l to mar '^Mry 
an Indian girl, Ui which his father objected. On the night aStz^-cr 
the mnrder the marriage took place in Indian style. Suspici -^^a 
pointing strongly toward motherand son, they wore arrested, a, wn*} 
an indictment foand by the grand jury against the son. He mi-sut- 
tried and acquitted. 


The township of Hinckley wasorganized in 1872. Tt incln-«3.«» 
a large area of land, heavily timlwreil with pine and hardw&'^ixi- 
The soil is varied, oon-sistingof black and yellow sand loam w iti 
elay snbaoil. It abounds in meadows, marshes, tamarack swaox- 1>^ 
pine and hardwood ridges, and is capable of cultivation. 


Lies midway betwen SU Paul and Duluth, on the St. Paul & :HZ>n- 
Inth milrortd. It was founded st»ou after the completiun of * he 
road. The Manitoba railroad p!kss(« thmngh the village^ ar*-"*- 
ning from St. Cloud to Superior. It was incorporated in 1^?-*^ 
The fidlowing wt?re the first officers: Pnsident, James .7. B w^^^' 
nan; recorder, S. W. Anderson; trnstees. James Morrison, ;pS"*''* 
Pareon, John Perry; treasurer. John Burke: justices of « ^^ 
peace. John Brennan^ A. B. Clinch; coDStablCt Andrew St^* *^*'' 
Prior to this incorporation, Hinckley had sulTered consider*** ''^ 
from the lawlessness of its O(x>asional or Lrausient residents »*' "'^ 
visitors, aud the large mi\iurity of the vote in iavor of incor:^ '*^' 
ration is justly considered as a triumph of law and order. 1^^*^ 
village h:ia a saw mill doing a laige business, a good di'E^'^''' 
round house, four hotels, several stores, shopa, and fine r^^'^^' 
den«», a commodioas s<Jiool house, and two charcbes — a r--*"" 
theran aud Catholic. The Miuueapolis & Manitoba railroad oc^"' 


necU) here with the St. Paal & Duluth railroad, and is being ex- 
tended to Superior. 

James Morrison was bom on Cape Breton island in 1840. 
Mr. Morrison was one of the first settlers of Hinckley, having 
come to the settlement in 1869, in the employ of the St. Paul & 
Dnluth railroad. He has followed farming and hotel keeping. 
He is ao active and industrious man, the proprietor of a large 
bot^l, and a member of the Presbyterian church. 


Is located in the northwest quarter of section 15, township 42, 
range 20. It contains about forty dwellings, three large board- 
ing booses, two stores, one hotel and a stone saw mill with dia- 
mond-toothed saw, bnilt by Ring & Tobin, at a cost of $30,000. 
The stone quarries of the Kettle River & Sandstone Company 
are located on sections 3, 10 and 15, in township 42, range 20, 
and extend two and three-quarters miles on each side of Kettle 
river. The first work in opening the quarries was done Aug. 22, 
1885, The village plat was surveyed in June, 1887, and a post 
oflSce established there the February preceding, W. H. Grant, 
Jr.. being the first postmaster. The saw mill and the quarries 
gfive employment to about four hundred men. Sandstone is lo- 
c:ite<i on the old site of Portunu. The Kettle Riv(u* railroad was 
built ti) the <iuarri*'s in 188(>. from the St. Paul & Duluth rail- 
ri»a<l. a distance of five miles. The Manitoba railroad, lunuing 
to Superior, passes through the village. 

Wii.UAM H. Grant, Sr., oneof th<* founders of Hinckley, and 
the proprietor and founder of the Sandstone enterprise. w;us born 
Dw. LM, 1829. at Lyndborough, New Hampshire. He received 
hiswldcation at Hancock Academy, New Hampshire, and Yates 
Academy. Orleans county, Xcw York. He studied law and was 
;Mlniitted to practice in 185-1 at Hillsborough, New Hampshire. 
He came to St. Paul in 1859. where he still resides, his prop- 
erty interests at Sandstone being immediately under the su])er- 
vision of his son, W. H. Grant, Jr. He sold his interest in May, 
1S.S8. forii>l(M).0<)0. He was married to 3Iartha MeKcan in New 
Hampshire. January, IS-j.*). 


The town of Kettle River, ineUidiTig townships Vi and 44, lying 
*'D the Wfst line of the county, was organized iii 1S74. S. S. 



Ori^gs v»» chairman of the firet board of snpenisore. Tht* Uh^b^^h 
coiitiuns bnt one school district. The first settler waa 8. S. 

Origgs, who. in company with John S. Prince, of St. Panl. hiii: .^ilt 
a saw mill at the St. Paul & Dolntb railroad crossing on Kotiv ^tlw 
river, in 1871-72. This was not a saect-'Ssfal ventore. A pc^ -aet 
office was^ established at the miU. and S. S. Griggs Wiis appoint— ;:3ed 
po$tmu»iler. The Miiuitolra aud St. Paul & Dniutb milrofi mm .kb 
pa^ through the town from south to north. The township u(^^- ow 
has no settlement except at>ont Iwenly-four families at the !<lali-^5oi) 
and Tillage. It is heavily timhereil with pine and bantwoi _ xj. 
There are meadows, marshes aud tamnrack swamps, fine Btrea ^^u^ 
aud Iteautiful lakes, and much exceUent farming land besid •«'>>. 
The Pine lakes in township 43, range 21, arebeaatiful sheets- of 
water. There are no good ruada or public improvements. 

JoiiN r, HAX1.ET was bom in Covington, Kentaeky, aud y^^'^^ 
eilucaled at Oxford College. Ohio. He came to St. Paul iu 18—4^- 
as a machinist and millwright. He was married in 1853. at ±=^^' 
Anthony, to Sophia Ramsdale. In 1862 he enlisted in Compi^ s^)' 
JI, Miunesota 51oonte<l Cavaliy, a corop.Any recmited princi|>^ ^ ^^ 
91 Sonrise. Chisago coaniy, by CApt, James .'^tarkey. He^^"^ 
«oami8SionM] second lieutenant and was with Gon. Sibley's ^^^* 
peilition agikinst the Sionx. Suboequently he received a ^-.■'^^P' 
tain's commission, nnd rccmilo<i Company M. Second Minne^*-^*^^* 
Cavalry. statioued ou the frontier. He was mustered out in It 
He fttidcs at Kettle River. 

siiasio' CKBSE 

WaBOCfUlMd as a town in 1S80. The first supervisors 
M. Thomas, T. Johnson. Wm. McKean: Messi%. H. A. Ta; 
and Philip Riley & Co.. of St. PauL were the first oi»erai 
her«. They bniU a saw mill with a rai>acity of 3.000,l»00 
per MiBam. This property has obanged owners, and is 
held hy the John Harlia Lamber OtMnpaay. of St. Paml. It 
burned down in ISSfi, bat was immedialWy rebniU. 


TIm town of Piuf* City was otganixed in 1A74. The first sn %"■ 
visors wer» Hiram Brackect. H. B. Hofltean and JauwOriSi -**• 
The villagrof PineCity w&splati^linlStiS. TbeorigiDal prt>|^^'^' 
etors were Jauei> and Sieph^u H. IVlrifv OgUberine Sloaa H-^'^ 



Xatber Mendenliall. Tlie survey was uiude by B. W. Bninsou. 
Win. Brauuli aclt>(l:u(Uttoi'ueyaud the ackiiowU-dguiuul wius inudu 
X»S J. J. E^an, inrtiiry public, 4]|' St. Louih rounty. Th« village 
was organJRed in 18H1, but the officers did not qiialily until ttie 
folio viug year. 

TU(? oldest wittier was probably a Mr. Kirklan<l. of Qnincy, 
lllinoiH, who worked for some time ou the banks of Cross lake, 
on the present sit* of Pine City, hoping to be alili? to plant a 
<nj|any there, but. acttording tn the testimony of Mrs. K. T. Ayer, 
the nussioiijiry lHH*iinic dishearteneil by the Icidian troubles, and 
Ittlt in 1841, abandoning hit> scheme. The completion of the 
niilroad which crosses the Kanabec rivor at this point gave » 
gH?at impetus to the prosiwrity of the viUage and neighbor- 
hood, It now contains a fine court house, built at a cost of 
♦8.000, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian and Lutheran churches, 
£uod buildings for graded and conuuoci s<dio«ls. ami three hotels. 
Pine City Was besiileH a pleasant p;irk, the gift of Capt. Richard 
'G. Robinson, which has been adorned and euil>elli8he<l nnd 
naniMl after the donor, "Itobiuson Park.'* 

RiCHABD G. RoBi?."Box wfld boru in Jackson county, Iowa, 
in 1829: he moved thence with his parent** to IHiuois, and to St. 
41Yoix Falls in 184S, where he followed lumbering, scaling, survey- 
ing and exploring. He lived at St. Croix and Taylor's FaU« 
until 1872. when he received the appointment of laud examiner 
for the Lake SuiH-rior & Mississippi Railroad Compauy. He was 
ill the employ of the company twi^lve years, making his home at 
Jjju e City, where he stilt lives, engaged in lumlx'ring and real 
HpUe. He wiu^ married to Catharine A. Fnllenwider. of Iowa. 
Mrs. Robinson <iied at Pine <.'ity in ISHH. 

HiKAM Bkackktt \va& born in 1817, in China. Maine, and 
Catne to Pine City in ISGS from Aroostook county, Maine. Ho 
Iras among the finst to make improvements. He built a liotol 
and was the first poslniuster in the town. He died iu i&S3, leav 
iug an estimable widow, three sous, .T<din, AIIrtI and Frank, and 
two danglders, Kmily, married to Henry A. Linn, of Milwatt- 
kee, and Louise, married to Ueury D. Crohurst, of Pine City. 
I BCiNiiALL K. BdifRows, a native of Conneetieut. came to Pine 
City in 18C!>. and. with Adolph Muncli. built a large .stave tiiill 
on theidiorett of Croti.s lake. This prov4<d an nnforlunate invesl- 
meotf resulting iu litigation, during Ihe of which the 



mill waft destroy^*! by fire, in lK7rt. Mr. BurrowR was an acllv 
enthnsiastic man, and worked liani for the interests iif Pin 
City, filling many positions of trust. He was elected to the » 
senate from the Twenty-eighth district, in lt(74. His seat, 
contested by John Hallburg, of C-entre City. The senate referre<E:^ 
the qnestioD to the people, bnt in the election that followei^-^^ 
(187S) be was defeated. In 1879 be removed to Dakota, wberc^-: 
he died three years later. 

JoHX S. Fer»»' c-arae from Michigan to Pine City in 1869 
During that and the sncceeding year he was principal in hnild 
ing a first class Kteam saw mill. It was locateil on a bay in tb*- 
western part of the city. This mill was barned in 1S72, rehniH 
and barued again. Mr. Forsou has since removed to Dakota. 

Samuel Miixet settled in Pine Cltv in 1S69, and in 18! 
erected the Bay View House, on an elevated platean commau 
ing a fine view of Cross lake and Kauabec river. Mr. Mill 
died in 1879. leaving a widow^ two sons and three daughters. 


Was organized March* 1874. The first supervisors were En 
Burton. Frank tingland. and S. M. Hewsnn, Obndiah He 
sou was town clerk. Enoch Horton and C. W. Gill were jusrie 
of the peace. Mr. Horton was the first settler, he having eonr 
to the county in 1872. The year following he raised the Grrr 
crop. Mr. Horton was from Colchester. New York. H'* w 
born in iSll, and came to Minnesota in 1SQ2. He was the fi 
postmaster at Rock Cwjek. Other setllei-scauue in slowly. Ed 
ton. Gill & Co. bnilt a saw mill in 187ft, with a aipaeity 
3.l>W).lK)0 feet. This property has changeil hands several tiro 
Capt. Enoch Hoktos commenced official life at the age 
twenty-two years, in New York, where he wrved twenty-elg 
years as justice of the peace and county judge. He s^Tved dn 
ing the Retwlliou as captain of a company of sharpshooters 


Was organi2e<l in 1880. The first supervisors were Kdi 
Peterson. Alexis Kain and Joseph Heiniger. It Is a good far 
iug township with many good farms. The first settlement *= 
made by Elam Greely, in 1810. who made a farm and built: 
large barn, hauling the Inmber from Marine Mills, a distance* 

^ d 


sev'onty milee. The town was named in honor of Boyal G. Gray, 
wlM.<f located on the Greely farm in 1854, in the northwest qnarter 

of ^f ction 15, township 38, range 22, on the banks of the Kana* 

beo river. 


\V^£«.s% organized as a town Jan. 3, 1882. The first supervisors 
yr^X'^[ist Schog, William Champlain and Frank Bloom- 
nVt-S. St. 

Tlie towns of Kettle River, Hinckley and Pine City were or-, and Chengwatana reorganized by special act of the 
l^^^-i,slatnre in 1874, and at that time embraced all the territory 
In -the connty. Since 1874, Mission Creek, Kock Creek and 
£eoy alton have be^n set off from Pine City and Windermere from 
lv.«:^tl(^ River. 

The following villages were platted at the dates named: 

'^^sbodana, by Clark, Cowell & Foster, in townships 41 and 42, 

T^rigw* 15 i*nd 16, in 1856; Fortuna, by W. A. Porter, surveyor, 

■g^X the crossing of Kettle river and the military road, January, 

X8i>7; St. John% by M. L. Benson, surveyor, in section 26, town- 

stiip41, range 17, October, 1857; Midway, by Frank B. and Julia 

X«. Lewis, proprietors, in the northwest quarter of section 34, 

township 40, range 21, September. 1855. 


A man passing under the name of Harris had bwn arrested 
for stealing horses. George Hathiiwiiy started with the prisoner 
to Sunrise. Five days afterward Ilathaway's dead body was 
fi>»m(]. and the inquest decided that he probably met his death 
by stabbing or shooting at the liands of his prisoner, who made 
liis <^ape. and was never iigaiu heard from. Hathaway wjls a 
"lativeof Passadumkeag, Maine. 


^lareh 22, 1884, a couple of young men, John Cope and Wil- 
liam Leonard, were arrested for drunkenness and disorderly 
<'Otiihiet, and confined in the Pine City jail, a wooden structure. 
-Wxint three o'clock tlie next morning the jail was found to bo 
Oil firi'. All eflbrts to extinguish the ilanu'S or n'scuie the un- 
tiappy prisonei-s were unavailing. The lire originated from 
within, in all probability from the action of the 



prisoner!! tht'iuit<:lv«s ill striking matches, eltlior for Ibc piirpo^c=3« 
of Hiuukiii}; ur uf uxploriiig llifir {k*1)s. 


Mr. Kediuau, the agent at the Kettle Biver railixm^I stati(K:=» on, 
called my utlt^ntioii to tin; fuel that uhl Batice is Biu^ularly dr .t:ili>(- 
figured. He was Imrn witlnml thumbs or big toes. The finge^^ '^ftn 
and remaining toes resemble birds' elawg. Two of the fingeni .^ m sof 
each hand and two of the t4>es on eiich foot are uiiite4l to the ti* ^ps 
but have distinct nails. Of his four children three art* di^t^i^CL tig- 
ured like the father. His gmudchildreu are many of them woik: rae 
than himself, cue having bnt one finger. 



A woman at Pokegama was lm<lly linrned by the expliksjoiik. 
gnnpnwder while she w;is putting it in a flask. Hnr face "^B »^ 
cAine terribly swollen and black. The missionaries did wt:::i:i»^ 
they could for her. but thonght she must die. After two di?^^»-3^ 
the Indian doetors held a mcdieine dance for her benefit. Af^*^^^' 
they had gone throngh with their magic arts t he woman aro^,a^^^^^ 
without any assistance, walked around distributing presently ^ 
the performei'S of the ceremony. It was truly wonderful, i:-^ ^* 
recovered rapidly. 


The Chippewa^ bury their dead much as the whites do. 
body is deposited in a grave and covered with earth. A M 
wooden covering, somewhat like the roof of a house, is n»ji- 
fthove it, the gables resting on the gruund. The roof is covt?- 
with M-liit^'or bleaehtnl muslin, and surmounted liy a l)oard cr- 
An aiw-rtnn- alHint six inrhes sijuure is left in each end of "^ 

strurtnre. The head of ihe grave is towani the w<-st, an<l I ^^ *' 
are deposited ofleringsof fruits and trinket* of various ki^"^^" 
We found at one grave a bn>ki.'n sjincer. an oyster can filled u^*""'^'' 
lilneberries, a large red Apj>h', and a pair of old sh(H_>s. Fric^- -*"' 
of the dei^-ased visit the graves for one or two yenrs, reuei^s^ ^°' 
their tributes of aflV*clion, and bringing oflerings of fruit aer*^^^^^"'' 
ding to Ihe season, aud various fiKMls, from acorns \u drinl i- *^^?""'' 
son. bnt in time these visits are diseontiuned and the graves ^^^ 
negleiTt<Hi and forgotl^-n. 




On the banks of the Kettle river a five-year old boy burned 

jiis liand badly. The mother, after examining the wound, de- 

citt^^ that it was incarabic, ordered the boy to place his hand 

a w>ovi a block, and by a single blow from a common hatchet sev- 

^2-^-d it from the wrist The boy endured the suffering withonb 

. fliKm<3hing. 

<I>LD Batice, alias 'Settle," lived on Kettle river in 1880. 

^o«:».Dting by moons he claims to have lived there ninety-nine 

^-^^^kTS. He is certainly very old. He says that he has always 

l-^^s^n a friend to the whites, and that in the Sioux outbreak of 

■X&^^ ^^ counseled his people to remain qniet; that he was the 

^x^^imy of the Sionx, three of whom he bad killed and scalped. 

*X'o commemorate his warlike deeds in slaughtering his enemies, 

yx^ vore three large eagle feathers in his gray hair. He claims 

Xo t>e half French. 


In Jane, 1880, the Indians were practicing a new dance near 
tlie Kettle Eiver railroad station, part of which it was my privi- 
lege to witness. The dance honse was a rndely constructed pole 
frame covered with birch bark, fastened down with willow twigs. 
About thirty dancers, male and female, and of all ages, were 
crowded in the dance house, sweating, grunting, hopping and 
1x>nnding at the tap of a deer skin drumhead, and the **chi-yi- 
chi-yi-chi-hoo" of a quartette of boys and girls, squatted in a 
corner of the bark house. The din was incessant, the chant of 
the singers, or howlers, monotonous and wearisome, yet the 
dancers stepped and bounded to their rude music as readily as 
do civilized dancers to the more exquisite music of stringed in- 
struments. This dance was the same that so frightened the Bur- 
nett county people, and required at least ten days for its complete 
performance. A. few minutes' observation amply satisfied us, 
and Te gladly withdrew. 







Knnabec comity, prior to IM9, vbr include*! iu 8t- On ^ ^* 

county, WiscoiiRin; thence nntil 1852 it w:*« a part, of Ba; 
county, Minuesota; nntil 1854 a part of Chisago I'oiint.vjantl the 
until it« orguuizatiou in 1899, a part of Pine county. It van 
tachcd for judicial purposes at various times to Chisago, I 
and Pine counties. In 1882 it was or^nized for judicial p 
poHfH, Judge Crosby liolding tlie first term of court at BruiL-swi^M 
The seiuond term was held at Mora iu 1884, in tbe new do^m 

The writer, when a member of the Miuuesotu senate in 18 — 
selected the nanieand introduced the bill for theformatiua of ^V 
county. It* boiMidaries are Aitkin connty on the north, Pini»r— 
the east., Isanti on the south, and Mille Lacs on the west. IMI 
well watered an<i drained by the Kaualiee and its tribntar^B 
This river is navigable to Brunswick, and one of its tributart* — 
Kico river, is navigable six miles from its mouth to Rice la " 
The soil is a rich, sandy loam, deep, strong and proilncti 
Oue-fifth of the entire surface was originally covered with pi 
About 25,000 acres are natural meadows, wliile much uf the 
mainder is covered with hardwoo<l, and a small portion 
brush prairie, which e^n be easily rendered fit for cultivoti 
The best crops are wheat, oats and potatoes, but Indian corn 
be grown profitably as compared with other localilit^s in Mii: 
£ota. Small fruits, wild and cultivated, grow luxuriantly. C 
berries have been shipped in considerable {jnautitieH. RedtT'^""*' 
clover, and timothy grow rank, and are prolitably cultivat'^^^** 
Upwanl of 5,000 tons of hay are cured annnally. The lnml-»^ "^^ 
ing interests are still important, about 75,000,000 feet of M£f^^^ 



.. annually iliivfii to tin* StiMwaUT boom. This comity is 
9potl«*<] with liikfs mid ahniinds in Mirt-uiios (';i|(nl>I<Mir heiiig util- 
ized as wat^T powers, U«nnl biitliliii^ gr^inite is fmiiiil oti the 
Kanabec river al)OV(* Mom, which will eveiitHiilly Uv quarried 
and exported. 

The first permauent settlers were George L. Staplrs and James 
Pennington, who came in 18.^. Thoy were follow rd by Stephen 
W. Tolman, Alvin De Wolf, .Tohu L. Speiice and olherd. Oot. 
Siblpy appointed the following ;u* the fii-nt tMiard ol' tiffieei-s. Jinie 
10, 1859: County coniinissionens, Geo. h. Staples, chiiirmini; 
Daniel Gordon, Benj. L. Gifford; clerk and register of deeds, 
Juuies C. Morrison; treasurer, Alvah Lougee; sheriff". B*?uj. L. 
Gifford. The tirst election was held in October, 1869. The fol- 
loving were elected county' officers: County commissioners^ Geo. 
L. Stajtle^ eliairman; James Pennington. Geo. Morri-son; audi- 
tor, Benj. Hill. 

In thf bill organizing the county, Bruuswiek was designated 

as the eonnty sejtt, and so reiunined until 1882, when by popular 

vot4? Mom was selecteil- In 18H:i the county btiilt a court house 

at a cost of 9% (KX), and a jail costing ?*A(K>0. In 1874 the county 

built a bridge acro>« the Kaniilwc at Rriinswick. the bridge and 

it* approacJies being 1*300 feet in length, at a cost of ^5,000. In 

1879 the connty bnilt a bridgii across the Kanabec at Grass Lake 

at a costof *4,000. As this bridge ol)Mtructed navigation in 1SS4. 

the county, at a cost of ^1,000, rebuilt it in such a way that 

fttv-a.iuprs could pass uuderneath. In 1S83 another bridge was 

bnilt across the KanalH^c in the towu of Arthur at a cost of 


The first p<wt office was nstablished at BrnnHwl{;k in 1859, Geo. 
^ Staples, postmaster. The first mail was from Anoka I'ia 
Bfcn bridge to Brunswick. In 1847 liev.W.S. Bontwell preiiched 
tbe first sermon Mithiu the present limits of the county. The 
Srst deed i-ecorded was a warranty deed from llalph Potter to 
V^oliQ A. Snyder, both of Illinois, in June, 1S57, conveying lands 
Ln sections 3 and 10, township 38, range 2'>. The stjcond deed 
heoorded was from David llagley to Hei-sey, Hall, Whilnny and 
k^ennOf of Boston, and Isaac Staples of Stillwater, conveying the 
enortheast quarter of section 1, township 36, range 24, and other 




The town of Arthur iiidnUos towiishi|t 39, r.inge» 33, ^4 and 25. 
Il wiis i»rg)\uizt>il in 1KS:J. Thu fii-st snporvisoi's were: Ira A. 
Conger, Andrew E. Wi'siling and C'hrtrli^i A. SUiph-fi; clerk. 
Stanton D. Seavey. The village of Mora was tht; first settle^ 
ment. Annii C. T^ti-Non mhs tlie first ehlUl burn in thi' towi^ 
Thp fii-st marriage whs that of Frederiek O. Turner and Ed^U^^^^j 
Perkiiis. The flret death was that of Henry Knst, in 1847. ^t*"^^.,^^ 
by Indians. There is one house of worship, at vhat isknoi*^^^^^ 
a* the Swe<lisl] tnls'^ion. 


A village, platted in 1S82, ia located in seetion 11, township a 
range U4, on the ilinckley branch of the Manitoba railroai 
Myron R. KeDt.ovner of the town plat, made the fimt impror- 
nients,'lmildiiiKii lintel imd pixp oOice. of which he beftinie ()os_s=^sr 
muster. Alvnh J. Conger opened the first store iu 1SS'£. Tl 
villafco now contains a courC bouse, Mthool houae, two hot^E^^ 

five Mtores. three salo<>na, and many 6ue reHidenoeH, T^ikeMoi-: ^ 

a lovely sheet of de«.*p, blui> water, aliout otit> hiflidred and &f^^iy 
acres in exWnt, is located within thevilhige limittt. The villn^^^g 
is beautifully sitnatetl on a plateau on the east side of Kanal 

Stephen L. DAsroRxn lived in the county of Kanabec dai-j^jj 
the '71)8. nis owupation was that <»f ii farmer or liiinberiaft.; 
He died in Stillwater in 1584. 

N. H. Dasforth. brother of S. L., also settled here In t^^ie 
'70s, and »till resides here, an active business man. 

Alvaq J. AND Iba Oongeu are cousins. They came fi i m 
Maine to Minnesota in 1830. Alvuh J. kept the Tonibler Ilor 
iu Wyoming. Sul>Ke(|uently lie removed to Cambridge, wbt 

he kept 11 hutel and store, and thence removed to Pine Clr 
where he kept a store until. 1RS3, when he moved to Mo 
lie was married to Charlotte Pennington. They hare no '■V rr'^ fl 
drciL Ira Conger has been actively engaged iu business at C^t^z^nm- 
bridge nnd other places, and moved to Mora in 1883. where 1^ « 
proprietor of a hotel aud store. His oldest son, John, faaschski-j 
of his business inlerestfi. 


This village is yet uuplatte<l. It is located in section 21, rnage 
24, ou the line of the Manitoba railroad. A post office wasest^A- 


lished htre in 1884, of which Frank P. Barleigh is postmaster. 
Ailjoiojng atul including this village is the large farm of Isaac 
Staples, iDoIuding 2.000 aci-es, of which six hundivd and fifty 
aoree are under cultivation. The improvement* on the farm are 
two large barns, one store, one blacksmith t»hop, one wood work- 
ings 8bo|i, and comniodiaus dwoUiogs for employes. This farm 
is headi|uart<^rs fur the lumbering interests of Mr. Staples iu 
Kanabec county. 


Includes township 38. ranges 24 and 25. The town was organ- 
ized in 188.1. The first Knpi^rviwors were Eric. HokanKPii, John 
3line« and Haqnin Ekman. The first school was tanght by Char- 
lotte Pennington, inl85C. The first death was that of Cowan, 

Jiilled accidentally, in 1857. There are two church orgaujzatious, 

Swedish Baptist and Swedish Lutheran. Stephen E. Tallnian 

l:Jiiilt a saw mill in 1870. and a flour mill in 1879. The village 

of Brunswick is located iu the southwest <|uarter of section 1, 

t'-owiiship ."W, range 24. It Wiis jilatted in lS5tJ, by Isaac and 

C^ecjrge Staples. It was origimiUy designated as the county seat. 


**j( platted by Isaac Staples for Hersey, Staples & Co., Jan 17, 
"^^i ;, in lik'etion 7, township 38, range 24. 

iVES PESNiNdTON was born in t^ueeusborough. New Bruns- 
■^k. in 17W. He lived iu Houtton, JIaine, fiflt'eu years, and 
tje (o Kanabec county in 1S54 with his family, who were the 
V permanent settlers in the county. Mr. Pennington farmed 
^ lumbered. He died in December, 1887. Mrs. Pennington 
^A in 1S78. Six sons and three daughters are living, Tlie 
t s are residents of Minnesota. The danghters are married as 
J^^* *- ^wa: Elisabeth to — — Grant, of Detroit, Minnesota; Char- 
^^^*^ ^^^ e to A. J. Conger, of Mora, Minnesotdi; Augusta to B. C. 

^^ '^rport, of Pipestone, Minnesota. 

f^ ^^"3eoB(*k L. Staples settled in section I, txiwnship .38. range 

" ^ in ISnS. He lived there eiglit years and filled various re- 

^^^^^^ osible oflSces. He was an upright, oonscieutions man, much 

_J *-^"B>ected by all who knew him. In 1363 he rt*raoved to Mouti- 

"• ^o, Minnesota, and died in 1877, leaving a widow, five 8t>iw 

^* ^ adaughter. Mr. St^iples i-aised tlie first crop iu the uuunty, 



Firrv TEAAs 

0]>eued the first store, nnd gave the Dame of Brausniek to tbe 
town. Isaac Edwiu Staples, sou of Geoigf, was tbe first while 
child bom iu the county. Ue was clerk of court in Morrfsoo 
county in 1887. 

Uanikl GOKix)N was born in Keadfield, Maine, in J509. In 
1856 be settled in the southea»t quarter of section I, township 
38, range 'M. He was married to widow TallmaD iu Brunswick. 
This was the firat marriage in tbe town. Mrs. Gordon died iu 
June, 1885. 


luoludeis township 3S, range 23. It was organized in 1883. Tt is 
thickly Bettled. mostly by Swedes. They have good furmA, 
roads and (schools. Tbe first settler was Solomon Anderson; the _ 
aeoond, Benjamin Xorton: both were farmers. There nre in m:wm 
this town three houses of worship, two beloiigiugto the Swedish .mM.^ 
mission, and one to the Baptists. Thi're an* five school houses. .^»-s. 
The remniuder of the county. eou!i.i$ting mostly of pine lauds, ^ rr in 
and including nine townships, is without organization or town — xvn- 
ehip government. It is divided into tbret* :ifise8sment district6^«.:Ss!ts 
over which the county exercise«Jurisdictioo. makiug levies aiKiC»«:aid 
colled ing taxes. 


Isanti county lies directly west of Chisago and south of K*nB-^MX.Mm- 
bee. It is lionnded on the west and Minth by Sherburne, 3IilI^ V Mh 
Lacs and Anoka piinnties*. and contains aL>onC fonrte^^n towns.^^ «"a<. 
The soil is well adapted for agriculture. The county has u^.tf'-^vio 
large lakes, but is well watered by tribotaries of Rnsi and Sunrzac i»- 
rise rivci-8. It is well timliered in the north with sugar mapl^^ J^- 
The settlers are ehietly Scandinavians, who, by their indastr y^ — :^i 
have made the plains and oak ridges to blossom with clover an .^Ki-^^d 
the cereals. The county w;ls or^nized Feb. 13, 1837. Tt tiw- 
Us name from :itrilK*of Indians who some time ago occupied tl 
country about MlUe Laca. The first tward of county commii 
fiiouerseoasisted of Oscar Smith. Hugh Wylie and KIbridge 
Clough. The first county offici'rs were: WilUiuu Tnblw, nndito 
F. H. Moon, treasurer; G. G. Griswold, register of deeds; St- ^ 
phen IlewsoD. judge of proltate; H. M. Davis, clerk: George 
Henderson. sberifT. The first court, was held by Judge C. 
Vanderburgh in Octol«'r, 1871. Prior to this time Imunti b^r^"-^*^ 
been attached to Auoka county for Judicial purposes. 




The comity swil of Ia:iuli, vras incorporated as a villjii;<f in 1876. 
It is pteuiuiiitly I«cii(<'(l on Ilic weal side of Rum river. Tt lias 
one Houring mill, a, newspapiT offini', and Hevt-ral »tor(*8, shops, 
dveUing:^ nnd churches. The county IniihIitigH are neat and con- 
TCuient. The new court house cost #T.OU(). It is worthy of 
mention ihat B. A. Latta. as county treasurer, paid the fin* 
money into (he hands of the state treasurer for war purposes. 
The first postmasters in the county were Van Vliet Ainsley, 
of Spencer Brook, and G. G. Griswold, in 1S58. 


■Hes on the headwaters of the Sunrise river. It wasRettled, as 
BKrly as is.l.'j, by John P. Owens, W. A. Hobbs, B. T. riiintley, 
I And John Schinler. It was organized as a town in 185S, John P. 
' Owens being ehairuian of tlie tirst board of superviwjrs. John 

Sehiulcr raised the first crop, in 1857. Schools were egtablished 

in 1860. 


Rensseliver Grants M. Hmley nnd Stephen Hewsou settled 

within the present limits of this town in 185r>. At that time the 

town was not organized. In ISBo it waa included within the 

limits of North Branch, but in 1878 the town of Oxford wjw set 

off AN now defined. The first supervisors were John Bachelor, 

1*. Lillygrin and I*. Berg. Stephen llewson was town clerk, and 

lias retained the oftice ever since. A post office was established 

"Sn 1^5.3. Stephen Hewson was ptM«,tmn.<%ter, and lias held the office 

-^rontinnonsly ever since. The town is well .'Jctlled by farmers. lu 

3S70 n cyclone passed through the towu, destroying everything 

:in its track, which was about twenty rod^ wide. Not a building 

-^ms left on the homestead of 'Mr. Hewson. His fine large barn 

'"Tiras torn to pieces and the fnignjent-s sadtered for the distance 

<«f a mile. 

Stephen Hewson is a native of England, which he left in 
■~184-t. He ivsided in Canada a few yeai-s, then came to Chicago, 
nnd Uler to Minuesotn. He wan for awhile a partner in the 
-publishing firm of E. S. Gixidrich & Co., then proprietors of the 
"fet. Tiinl pioneer. He made his present home in OxfonI in 1855, 
ind has since that time been intimately identified with its bis- 



tory and that of the comity of Inaiiti. Fie was a representatu 
from the Fourth district in the legishiture of ISfio. lie hiis till 
the offices of county auditor, connty commissioner and judge 
probnte court. As au ordained minister of the Methodist chtu 

he takes an active iiitertst in religious matters, scrviugassup er- 

inteudent of the Suuday&chool, and occasionally filliDg the p» ol- 
ptt^ Five of his daughters arc school teachers, one of wh(^»iu, 
Mary, in 1870, taught the fii-st school iu Oxford. He rema-^ns 
hale and hearty in his seventy -seventh j'ear. 

Geoi«;e W. Nkbbit was Ix>rn in 1828, in Delaware county. W^w 
York, lie received an academic education. He came in 1S*-'V*> 
to St. Francis, Anoka county. Miunesot-a, aud in IS'Id to Isa.ra^ 
connty. He han been engaged iu farming aud selling goods a.r&d 
is au energetic, busy man. He made the first preeuiptiou tir'Ki- 
ber claim on the Mille Lacs reservation, which was rejected. 3H r- 
Nesbit w:i» married In Xew York and has a family of six cli^tSl- 

RENesKLAEB Gkant was boru in New York in 1S16. 'EM^* 
father was a native of Scotland but emigrated to the Uuit. e«l 
States aud took part in the war of 1812. Mr. Grant was m^i^*"' 
ried in Sanitoga connty, New York, in 1837, t-o Libiah 5Iit^;U*;^=^*^• 
The Grants moved to tUinois in 1S50. and to Isanti county — ^* 
1856. Mr. and Mrs. Graut died at Xorth Branch, iu It* ^* 
leaving three married sons, two living iu Isauti county, aud ^^^ue 
at Rush City, and three daught4u:a, the eldest married to J. " * 

Delamater. the second to MY. H. Hoblw, the third living' ism ^'* 


This conuty is bounded on the north by Mille I>m» T^^*^ 
and Aitkin county, on the east l>y iHauti. Kanabec and Aitk^==^*"' 
on the south by Sherburne and on the west by Morrison a jg^;"^ 
Benton counties, and iueludeH about 17 townships extcu<li 
from south to north a distance of 48 miles, aad haviuf; 
breadth of 12 miles, exoepting the two upper series of t«wi** » 
which have a width of 18 miles. It is, excepting two agrio*-'^^^ 


tural towns in the south, henvily timbered, chicly with pin^** ^^ 
It is well watered by Rum river and ita tributaries, aud by tl**^j.. 


body of water known as Mille Laca, a lai-ge picturwque lak*^ ^ 
which covers over one hundred and fi%e sections of Aitkiit* 

Crow MYiug aud Mille Lacs couuties. The Iributarie* of tb- 




Croix also drain the norHieii»*terii part of the oonnty. The 
southern townships consist of pmiries and oak openiiig.s. the 
northern and central part** being rovcrcU with hardwood and 
pine. Immense quantities havo been already marketed. The 
hardwood ridgi« and flats oiler good fai-ming lands aud Uie wild 
meadowRf Hcattered orer the county, excellent hay aud piistur* 

ille Laos lake, the largest inland lake in Minnesota, is a 
beautiral and pictnresque sheet of water, with reoediug wooded 
Khorcs. with but little low land adjoining. The waters are deep 
aud clear anil abundantly supplied with fish. This lake, when 

;Le*l by railways, will he omu>f the most pleasant summer re- 
in tlie Noi'tbweHt. It already attruelii the attention of the 
tourist. A steamer built in 1885 floats upon its waters. The 
lake 18 about eighteen miles long by from twelve bi fifteen wide, 
and covers about nix townnhip!). Three Hniall islandK gem its 
sarface, one of which, from its columnar appearance, seems to be 
of volcanic or Igneous formation. 

The Mille Lacs reservation covers about four fractional towns, 
'bordering the southern »hore of the lake. Since the treaty these 
lands have been covered by pre-emptions, soldiers' warrants and 
half-breed scrip, but are held by a doubtful tenure owing to the 
BQoertain and various rulings of the land department. Under 
the jirovisions 6( the treaty, the Indians, a band of Chippewas. 
were alloweil to relikin possession uulil ordered to remove. lu 
anticipation of this order settlements have Iteen made at various 
period?, and patents have been i.ssned to the pre emptot>ina few 
oases, bat in many cases refused. II:ilfbreed scrip has been 
laid upon tbon^auds of acres under one adinini.stratiou at Wash- 
ington, the permission trt be countermanded by another. Mean- 
while the Indians, not having received the order for r4'moval. 
claim to be the owners of the land, and with some show of justice, 
lu 1882 the Manitoba Kailruud Cjmpimy built a road throngh 
llie county from east to, throngh township 4(K ranges 2tt 
and 27. 

In the early divisions of Minnesota into connties, the territory 
Of Mille Lacs was included in Karasey and Uenton counties. 
t*rior to its present organization, a county called Monroe, cover- 
tip the territory of Mille Lacs, was established but never orgau- 
3;ed. By legislative enactment iu IfOil Mille Lacs county was 




established ami organiKed by the people in 1860, the counties of 
which its territory was ori^iiulty a part concurring, ami Prin-^—ce- 

tou was made the county seat. In 1S59 there had been ""'-""^ 1 

the orgnulKation or cue town in the county, known as Priacet«c=Dii. 
This has since been subdivided into Princeton Greeubush, !^m-u<I 
Milo. The offici-rs of the town organization in 1859 wt^ «: 
Snpervisors, C. W. Houston, Charles Pratt. Joseph L. Cater. IT^e 
first county election, hfid April. IfMiO. resulted in the electior^ of 
the following officers: County commissioners, Joseph L. Cat-^r. 
chairmau; Samuel Orton, C. S. .Mijses; auditor and raster of 
deeds, W. W. Payne; clerk of conrt, fcJ. M. Byers; treasnr-«r. 
E. J. Whitney: sheriff, Wm. M<K.'anley; probate judge, 8an»"«l 
Boss. The drst t«rm of court was held June 3. 1861. E. O. 
Vanderburgh, presiding judge. The first recorded deed was fro »o 
E. J. Whitney to Isaac Staples, and beat's date Aug. 4, 1654. 


Has a pleasant site on the Manitoba railroad, on the banlc^ ^^ 
Bum river at the crossing of the Manitoba & Superior aVKia 
the junction of the Elk Kiver & Princeton railroad. The M»-^*^' 
toba Company have a good saw mill here, with a capacity , 
125,000 feet per day, bnilt at acast of *50.000. AplaniDgmil* — ^ 
attached. There is a good three story hotel, well kept, here- 

Th 2 rillage was surveyed and plaUtnl Marcii *24. 1886; Ob ^ 
Keith, surveyor; James J. Hill, president of the Mille Lacs Lo — •'^ 
ber Company, proprietor. It is located in thetown of Greeubu^^ "* 


Located in the town of Milo, has a steam saw mill, spoke and hi^ 
factory, around which are several residences. 



The village of Princeton is located at the janctiou of the t 
branches of the Rum river, on a beantiful prairie, surrounded !>;** 
rich pnurie and limber lands. The first lug house weis built ii^ ^ 
1849, and kept as a stopping place by a mulatto known a.^ 

*' Banjo Bill." This houMe is still stantling. The first perma^ 


uent settlers were A. B. Duraon, O. E. Giirrison. C. H. Ch**^^^^!^^ 
bourne, Edwin Allen. John W. Allen. Chas. Whitcouib. Josepl^^^^^ 
L. Cat^r, W. F. Dunham, and iSamncl Ross. They were alatF*-^*** 



the first SRtd^Ts in the cotinty. aikI camw in 1S5S-7. In 1855 
MesHrs, T>aiiion mihI Allen rariue<l on the piescnt siteof llie vil- 
lage. The village was surveyed and platted Feb. U. 1859, by 
6. Boss & Co. S. KosM also bnilt a hotel where the \orth Star 
Uoti>l oow stands. This year the first iVainu building w:is erec(e*l 
and used as a store. W. F. Dnubaui Imilt n steam suvr mill. The 
first school bouse was built, allhougli strhool orcauizatioii was not 
effectwl until ISTiS. Jnmes M. Dayton taught the (ii-st school. 
A post oftiw was e^tablisluMl with O. E. Garrison as pofstniaster. 
8aiuncl Itoss brought the mail ODce a week from Anoka, A Con- 
gregational t'hnrcb was established, of which iiev. Koj'al Twiehcll 
-was ehoseu as pastor. The Methodists organized a society the 
following year. 

The village was incorporated March 13, 1877, by legislative 
enactment. The commissionei-s apiKHuled under the org^inic act 
■were E. C. Giles, H. B. l'4jwles, C. H. Kines. B. F. Whiting, and 
iCbarles Keith. At the election ordered by them the following 
bfflcers went chosen: rrt-^ident, C. II. Rinest; trustees, F. M. 
Ibsunpbell, IsAiah 8. Mudgett. Thomas F. (■uly; recorder, Silas 
'If. Staples; treasurer, D. H. Murray; justices of the peace, Scott 
M. .Justice, Charles Keith. The Princeton Appmt was estub- 
iished by Rev. John Quigley in IST.i, but discontinued in IS75. 
Jn December. lS7(i, Robert C. Dunn started the Princeton t'liiou, 
nhich he still publishes. 

The Manitoba branch railroad from Elk Bivor to Milaoca 
Tillage pa.sses through Princetou. The fi ret train arrived Nov. 
!30, 1880. The county contributed *A7.000 iu bonds at «ve per 
leeut interest for twenty years, to aid in building the road. The 
St. Paul, Mille Lacs, Br.ainerd. Lpim^H T/ike tSs Crookston rail- 
Toatl will, when completed, pass through I'rinceton. An exc«l- 
llent school bnildiug was enH.-ted in 1S85, atacost of about ^7,000. 
jfiuy Ewlng is principal of the school, which is gnuled. The 
|4jrand Army of the Republic h.ive a post here known as the 
l^'allacc Riucs post. The Masons, have an organixatiou, with 
n splendid hall. A three story hotel, bnilt by Samuel Ross, is 
fjtept by his only daughter, Mrs. Barker. A two story brick 
b(>t«U the Commercial House, Henry Newbert, proprietor, a 
lhandst>me structure, was built in 1S87. The Mille Lacs County 
IBank, locate^l here, has a paiil up capital of $20,000. Charles 
>ick.s<)n is president; L. P. Hyberg, vice president; Frauk 



Hewse, clerk. Princeton has one sl«ara saw mill, two lloiiri^^iS 
mills, one feed mill, two elevatoi's with a capucity of 60.(>-^*O 
bushels, and out; brewery. A eourt honse and jail are in procez?-*** 
of (treetiuii at uu estimated cost of $10,000. 


Samuel Boss was born Aug. 22. 1812. He attende<l West^ «-t) 
Keaerve College, bat through ill health did not gi-a<1uate. !^EXf 
came to Town in 1830. where he wjis married to Mary Vuu;;^l»o 
in 1841. He camn to Princeton in 18'>5, where be look an aeii ■^•'tf 
part in building up the town and county, filled many promin^^i^t 
and responsihie positions in the vilhigoand county, and werv^r-^ 
as representative of the first state legislature. Mrs. Riiss di*-p ^ 
in 1861; Mr. Koss died in 1881, leaving an only daughter, Olir 
K.. widow of A. P. Barker, who was a promiueiit lawyer 
Princeton. Mrs. Barker was elected superintendent of schoo 
in 1880, to which position she has been re-elected and is at prw- 
eiit filling the office efficiently. She was the first female super- 
intendent elwrted in Minnesota. 

Joseph L. Cater was horn in Strafford itounty, New Hamp- 
shire, in 1828. Became to Princeton in ISS.*) and engaged in 
farming. His name appears in all the original organisations of 
town and wnnty. M. V. B. Cater and sons have also Imimi ac- 
tive and prominent citizens of Princeton. M. V. B. Cat<>r died 
some years since. 

Enwix Alles, originally from Welton, Maine, came to 
Princeton in 1855 and engaged in farming. 

JoiiN H. Allen came fi-oui Maine to Princeton in 1851. en* 
gaged in farming and became protuiuent as a j>ublic spirited 
citizen. He held various positions of trust in Ihe county and 
was appointed nnieiver of the land office at Fergus Falls by 
President Hayes, and resides there. 

A. B. Damon caine from Maine to Princetou in 1858 aiid 
made the first claim on the tQwu site. 

C. H. Chadboukne was born at Lexington. MassaehnsettA. 
Atthe age of sixtifu he embarked in a seafaring life in which 
he continued nine years. Mr. Chadhourne, wishing to abandon 
bis seafaring ways, and to put himself beyond dangerof resum- 
ing them, came to the centre of the continent and located on a 
farm near Princeton in 1856. He has since followed firmi 



:inaonsly. His &rm consists of 900 acres under oaltiTation, 
of vhich is devoted to tame grass and pasturage, on which 
eeds 150 head of blooded stock. He has a large dairy which 
t him $1,200 annually. He was a member of the state legis- 
res of 1874-5 and was seven years county commissioner of 
rburne county. Mr. Ghadbourne was married in 1852 to 
•orah Crowell. They have three sons and two daughters. 





Chisago coauty, located on the west bank of the St. Cr«=>ix 
river, between the counties of Pine on the north and Washi'M3g- 
ton on the soath, the St. Croix river on the east and the coant.le8 
of Isanti and Anoka on the west, presents an agreeable variety 
of snrface, npland and generally undulating, covered with lL£k.r<] 
and soft wood timber, well watered by lakes and streams. Its, 
principal streams ai'e the St. Croix and its tributaries, Bosh and 
Sunrise rivei-s and Goose creek, and its principal lakes are 
Chisago, Sunrise, Green, Bush, and Goose lakes. Its lalce 
scenery is unsurpassed in beauty. The county takes the nan»ne 
of its largest and most beautiful lake. In its original, or rati*. «r 
aboriginal, form it was Ki-chi-sjigo. from two Chippewa wor"<is 
meaning "kichi/' large, and "saga,'' fair or lovely. For ^11- 
phouic considerations the first syllable was dropped. 


This lake is conspicuous for its size, the clearness of its wat^i*s. 
its winding shore and islands, its bays, peninsulas, capes, ^lad 
promontories. It has fully fifty miles of meandering shore liEie. 
Its shores and islands are well timbered with maple andothicr 
hard woods. It has no waste swamps, or marsh borders. Wlxea 
the writer first came to Taylor's Falls, this beautiful lake was 
unknown to fame. Xo one had seen it or could point out its 
location. Indians brought fish and maple sugar from a lake 
which they crtlled Ki-chi sago S^gi-a-gan, or "large and lovely 
lake." This lake, they said, abounded with "kego," fish. 


In IS51 the writer, with Bart Eoiery, made a visit to this 
benntiru! sheet of water. We fonnd it what itK Indian nanir 
imports^ "fiiir and lorely watei'." Tlie government hftd, ilie 
year before, completed a stuvey of the lake, a,nd it was hijjh 
timf! that it should t>c given a name by which it fthould be des- 
ignated on the map and re<'ogrn/,eil byinvili^ed visitors. Wliat 
name more t>eautirnl and appropriate than that which the In- 
dians had already given it. That name weal onoe recognize*] 
and used all ouriuHuence to perpclnatennder .somewhat adveree 
influeuces; for Swedish cmigiunts having settled in it.s neigh- 
borhood, a strong effort was made to cliristeu it "Swede Lake,*' 
bnt the lake is to-day knon'n u.s C'hijuigo, and Chisago it is likely 
to remain. We believein the policy itf retaining iheoUl Indian 
OMines M"henever possible. As a rnle they are far more mnsical 
Sod appropriate than any we can apply. The ludians have left 
us their lands, their lakes, their stream.*i; let its accept with 
them the nanic-si by which they were known. Some have been 
tranfUated into English and ap|>ear on the maps a» Goose, Elk, 
J$eaver and Snake. By alt means let us retranslate them in 
xxieinory of the race that one^t owned them. 


Chicago ooQDty shares with Polk county in the ownership of 

e.I»* wildest, and mast peculiar scenery in the valley of the St. 

<Z?-«*^/x. At Taylor'8 Falls, the head of navigation, the river 

ao^vn between ledges of trap rock, varying in height from filly 

to t\%o hundred and tifly feet, fortlie most part perpruilieular, 

l>iat. wildly irregular, as Ls eoDimon in trap rock formations. 

^■^c^se ledges are crowned with pine trees and a dense under- 

^•'O'^^'th of bashes and vinej*. The prevailing color of the rouk 

** ^ cold or binish grsiy, but broken occasionally by brilliant 

^^■^^^s^lies of coloring, r^d. yellow or gieen, as they niay be stained 

,^^ <:ixide8 of the metals, or covered with lichens -ind mosses. 

" *** formation is knowuas "The Dalles/' sometime^ improperly 

y"*^:^ "Dells." The rocks composing it are porpliyritic trap, 

gueons i-ock forcetl upward from the interior of the earth 



*'*~*'Ugh crevicHS in the crust M'hlle .^till in a liipiid state and 

*^*^ solidifying in masfies. sometimes prismatic but oftener in 

^*"^^>^Iar polygons, and broken by parallel lines of cleavage. 

***o geological experts claim that these rocks ore '*ln pit 




aB fonniDg a part of the original crust of the earth, but the 
lialaace of i^vidfuci! seems to b« in favor of their having be«o 
ei-uptfld at a companitively modern i>eri(Hl. This i» evideuo*^ 
by tb« presence of water-worn bonlders and pebW<^ imbe*!*!** 
in the ti-ap, somewhat like plums iu a pudding, while it «*"»* 
yet plastic; and uow forming a species of conglomerate a& h»>Td 
and compact as the trap itself. These rocks are supposed to l>^ 
rich in copper and silver, and miners have spent much time ** 
prospecting for these metals. 

Whatever the origin uf the rocks, it is conceded that they w^»^* 
once plastic, at which time this region could not have l»een as**-^* 
or pleasant dwelling place for such beings as now inhabit t^l^*^ 
world. The theory of a comparatively recent eruption of th-*^"^*^ 
rocks is uot a pleasant one, for the suggestion forces itself ui»<:>° 
the mind that that which hiis been, at least in recent times, ttu-^^J 
occur again. The occa.sional recurrence of earthquakes on o-*^'' 
western coast, and the recent severe disturbanees in South Ca. 'xro- 
lina and Georgia, raise the query whether this region mny ^c~m.<A 
again Iw visited with an outburst and overllow of trap, terri •i*!* 
and destructive as the first. The foundations, however, seem &~ :■* Ji* 
enough to last forever. The rocks are of unusual hardness, ^b-'"*^ 
theci'ust of the earth is probably as solid and thick here as e^^**" 
where. The Dalles proper are about one mile in length. 'I^fl** 
river, in its passage through them, varies in width from .^c:»i** 
hundred and (ifty to three hundred feet. It was formerly f^' 
ported unlathomable, but in recent years, owing to a filling ^I* 
process caused by the debris of the log driven*, it is found tc:^ ^^'^ 
uot more than a hundred feet in its deepest place. The river miw--^^^ 
an abrupt bend about a bold pi*omontory of trap known as A.^"^^^V| 
or Elbow Rock. To the first voyageurs this seemed to be the -^^** 
of the river, and gave rise to the story that at this point '■^ 
river burst ont of the rocks. Much of the frontage of the rt^^' _ 
upou the river is smooth and perpendicular, and staineil '•^^^ 
oxideAof iron and (wpper. In places it is brokeu. The oi^-it^^ 
rocks are disintegrated by the action of rain and frost, aud, wlm~^^ 

far enongh fn>m the river, have fallen so as to form a talu^ 
slope of angular fragments to the water's edge. 

THK devil's CnAIB. 

There are some instances in which, by the breaking away fl''-'^ 
falling of sm:illur rocks, larger rocks have been left standing* ^ 



.,_ ...inins- Jfost notable of thcs*' are the "Devil's 
aTW ffie "Devil'H Chair.'' The former, owing to 8ur- 
shrnblwry, is not easily seen. The latter is a conspic- 
bjcct on the western shore of thn river a few. rods below 
jer landiux. It stands on the slope formed by the debris 
Mpice that rises here about lliO feet above the river. 
id abont 40 fet^t above low water mark; the column it- 



les 45 feet higher. It is composed of many angular 
of trap, the uppftr portion bearing a rude resemblance to 
r. It.ia considerefl fjuit^^ a feat to climb U* the snnimit. 
ce of the rocks i« di«fignre<l hy the names of ambitions 
ideaerving persons. The nuisance of names and adver- 
Qtfi painted npon the most promiucut roeks in the Dalles 
that- every lover of Nature will wish to have abated. To 
an hour climbing amongst these precipice.s to find in some 
loua place the advertisement of a (jua^tk medicine, illmi- 



ti'nU'S the ailage: ^'Thero is hat one stfp from Uie bublime to 
the ridicnious.'* 


A more remarkable cariosity may be found on that bench or 
middle plateau of the Dalles, lying between the npper and the 
lower Taylor's Falls landings, in what hasbei-n not inaptlystyled 
"The Wells.'' These are openings, or pits, not uiDCh unlike 
wells, in places where the trap is not more Ihau 60 feet above 
water level, varying in width from a few inches to 30 or 40 o. 
feet, the deepest being from 20 to 25 feet. These seem to have s 
been formed by the action of water upon pebbles or bonlderH, , 
moch as "pot holes'* are now being formed in (be rocky Iwt— .^.b-^^. 
toms of running streams. The water falls upon the pebbl««S9?^ ea 
or boulders in such a way as to cause them to revolve Jinc^wMd 
act as a drill, boring holes in the i-ock proportioned to th».K-:A(> 
force of the agencies employed. Some of thes6 boulders ani» .caid 
pebblwi, worn' to a spherical shape, were originally found at th .s^C^e 
bottoms of these wells, but have been mostly tturietl awaj' b,^c:j^hy 
the curious. Si>rao of the wells are cut through solid piece* c» of 
trap. The walln nfothers are seamed and jointed; In some c ai i cw «-m » 
fragments have fallen out, anti in others the entire side of tkf .^hc 
wells has Wwn violently disrupted and partly tilled with debrii^— wris- 
The extreme hardness of the trap rock militates somewh m-M" bat 
against the theorj* of formation above given. It is. howev<^ '^iwtf. 
not improbable that this hai^ness was acquired afler loDge^»- ex- 
posure to the air. 


Tn the history of St. Croix Falls mention has be>en made ^^« of 
some of the pioneers of Chi.sago county, St. Croix Falls a ^r anJ 
Taylor's Palls, the jnoneer settlement of Chisago couDty, lhon«^^o?l* 
a river divides them which is also the boundary line of t-:^" '■"* 
states, have much that is common in their early history. IM. ' The 
inhabitants were always greatly inttrestod in what was going SMS^'^ 
over the river. We may add, that although they now stand -^^ '" 
the attitude of rival cities, their interests an* still identical, tfM^ '^ 
we believe that, bnt for the unwise policy of making St. Civ^^rou: 
river a state line, they might be to-day under one city gov u s ^^ "*- 

ment, and as compact and harmonious .is though no SU Ci ^^ 

river rolled between them. The river is their joint propeWO"/' 



havp thf same herilii^e of trap rocks and pines, t be same 
milling privileges, the same lumbering iutorests, and, it must be 
ooofessed. they remain up to the preflcut lime about equally 
mated. J. K-. Brown was nnijuwtionably the pioneer of the set- 
tlement. Frank Steele sjiys he found J. R. Brown trading, in 
1837. on the spot now the site of Taylor's Falls. 

He was not, however, the first white man upon the soil. There 
is some documentary evidence of the establishment by the 
French of a fort forty leagues up the St. Croix some time l»etweeu 
the years 1700 and 1703. This fort was in all prolrability erected 
on the plateau below the Dalles, the distance given, forty 
leagues, being exaggerated after the fashion of the early voya- 
geurs. It was called Fort St. Croix, There was also a pre- 
historic settlement, the ruius of wbieli the writer noted as early 
as 1S51, on the school land addition to Taylor's Falls. Thfse 
Were the fonndations of nine houses, plainly visible. Over some 
of them trees two feet in diameter were growing. The rock 
foundations ranged In size from twenty to thirty /eet, Mith tlie 
liearth containing ashes underlying the debris of ages, on smooth 
liearthstones showing years of service, being apparently a cent- 
fliry old. These were the homes, nndonbtedly, of a civilized 
'j>eople, and we may claim for Taylor's Falls, Cbisngo county. 
ne of the flrst improvemeuts made by whites iu the limits of 

During the last half of the last century a prominent trading 
j)oet was establisheil and maintained for many years on the St. 
C^roix river, which was founded by I'ierre Grinow, and during the 
cslose of the last century it was iu the charge of one James Perlier, 
^rho afterward became one of the most useful citizens of Greeu 
bay. M'iscoiisin. Lawrence Barth was also here iu 1793. The 
viileuee of the existence of this trading post rests Ujion tra- 
IQitions and the ruius referred to. Recurring to the pioneer 
iBrown. the most irrepressible of all the advance guard of invili- 
fcation, we find him only a transient inhabitant. He stayed long 
K^nough to cut 2CK>,(KM) feet of pine logs from the present site of 
I^Hylor'a Falls, when the neighborhood lost its atti-actioiis. These 
^ere the tii-st i)ine saw logs cnt in the St. Croix valley. 

In IKJS a French trader, Robinet. was located at th« same 
^lace, but in the summer of the same year c^ime Mr, Jesse Tay- 
lor from FortSnelling where he had been following the biisiuess 



of a fltonemason. lie had huirdorthe ratiHratkm of the Tndi^^ 
treaty by Congress, and he greatly covoted some of the rich luix ,. 
bronght into market by that trenty. Mr. Taylor, with iin liid% ^ 
guide, came to the Dalles of the St. Croix- Afi Mr. Steele kj. 
already claimed the ea&t Bide, Mr. Taylor Lvucladed llmt | 
would duim the west side. Keturuing t<t Fort SnHllingho i-^^. 
portffd to an ai«^i>ciate, Benjamin P. Bnker, rormed a partoi 
ship and retnrnetl with men, bonta, prorlsions and biuMi 
material, bnt on his return to the falls he foand Kubiue(, c.: 
tradtT, in a bark shanty (at the prt^cut junction of Brldgi^auvid 
RlTer streetii). Robinet was in actnal i)o:sef:8SLOn of tht; covei 
acres. Bobinet having no other function thiiii that of n trad.«r,' 
and oouaequfutly Laving no seriouR dwiigus on Ihf; iawU ^7%%s 
easily bongbt off, and Baker & Taylor, in AngUHt, IS3S, p<»iii. 
menc^ imprnv*'mt*nts. building a log hou.He^ a blaokamith i^Lmon 
a mill, and coninn^neing a mill rac«> which had to be bla^t<xf. 
They alio bailt piers and a wing dnm just above the preeem 
loeMton of the bridge. The mill was located at what bu« Hinc^ 
befOliie the upper steamlioat landing. Mr. Taylor uamiil ibt, 
lower falls Bakers fiilLs,* and the settleiuent, Taylor's Place 
When the town was pla1te<l, in 1850. it vrm called Taylor's 
Palls. The name eame also to be applied to the lower falb. 

Thf mill enterprise was a melancholy failure. The Imtlilen 
ui'rv not pnietieal uiiU men. The improvements were expensive. 
The work of blasting rock and building made slow prngma. 
Thet;^ woa do income as long as lite mill wa.s in proce»» of build- 
ing. Id the midst of these cmliarras.'tmenU. in IMO, Mr. Biikfr 
dir«l. Mr Taylor took entire poeseesion with no other riglit thin 
Uwt of a JMiuatler sorereigD. In 1K4.1 Mr. Taylor iff)U\ the nnfin- 
falied uUl to parties in Oseeola, and in li^44 everything movable 
vtt traaaferred to that pfawe. The double log cabin reaiaind, 
•ad there Mr. Taytor lived for eight years ou the prw^eeds of ih« 
Mk^ peribrming in all that time no work mom worthy ttf tlie 
kfetorian's oolicr Iban fixing bis name apon the settlemeQl und 
flUlCL MAoy of the later residents (|aery as to why it vos vfft 
mllvd l^loKs FaJki. It takft^ a keen eye to discover any fall in 
the rivcvr at the point named. The fidls iudeod were once bt 
nor* coaBpieoMn than tbey are now, owing to the faet tbota 
lori^ rode raaenbore the water at ttie ortlinnr>- Hlagi*, urouixl 
wbiirtk the erow<d«dvmtets roared and swirled. That rock, nerer 



visible in lat^^r days, was cnllcd Death Itock, becnnso three hap- 
, Jess niarincrs in a skill* were hurled against it by the swift cur- 
I rent and di-owncd. 

The ol<l log house, the note remnant of th« Bakor and Taylor 
(project, if we may except Bome holes in the rock nia^le by blast- 
[iug, and some sabmerged ruins of the wing dam and pier, hat) 
[prtfised through various change*. It has l>een iii*cd as a store, as 
I* Ixiarding house, a& a warehouse, as a church, as a school house, 
>atid as n stable. Pai-t of it still rt-mains and is habitable. It is 
^located on lot IS, block 15. In lK4t> Jesse Taylor sold his claim 
[to Joshua L. Taylor for two hundred dollars. This claim, like 
most of the claims made prior to the survey of government latids^ 
•waa not accurately defined. It included, however, all the lands 
«n the west side of the river, extending northward to the St. 
f^roix Company^s claim, at the upper falls, and iucludiug the 
rvfieut site of Taylor's Palls. 

Aside from mill building, nothing was done in the way of 
DkprovementA until ItUG, when .Terry Kossand B«njaminP. Otis 
■njmenced farming on what was subse^inently known as the 
'orton and Colby farms. Both raised potatoes and garden vege- 
bles and built houses. This was the fiint cultivation of the 
Wl in Chisago county. In 1JS47 Mr. Otis sold his improvements 
h 'V\*m. F. Colby, who, in that year, raised the first corn grown by 
fcK^mt4? men in the county. In 1S4G Thornton Bishop commenced 
f^rovements on n farm at the hea<i of the rapids, six miUts 
ve Taylor's Falls. J. L. Taylor, io 1848, built a pre-emption 
k.zity midway between the upper and lower falls. Tn 1849 he 
>Ted up bia pre-emptiou to lots 5, G and 7, section SO, town- 
fi 3-1, range 18. N. C. D. Taylor pre-empted the northeast 
l^^rter of the southeast quarter of section 25, and the ve^t half 
I ^he same quarter section; also lot 1, section 8(>, township 34, 

^«i 1&49 Lewis Barlow and Wm. E. Bush became citizens. An 

J^lract of the canvassed returns of au electiou held Xovemlwr 

^•fc shows but six votts in thn .st^tl lenient. In 1850 "W. F. Colby 

^^-empt«l the northeast quarter of section ;i5, township 34, 

^ 19, and W. H. 0. Folsom the southeast quarter of the 

^tlieavt quarter of the same. 

•^t a regular meeting of the St. Croix county board, held at 
^Mlwater, April 2, 1850, the following judges of election were 




appoint«c1 within the present litnitn of Ohisa^oouoty: St. Cnw~^ 
Palls precinct j Wni. F. Colby, Win. Holmea, N. C. D. Tayl^ 
Kn«h Lake precinct, Levi Clark, Walter Carrier and Bich^ 
Arnolil. At a meeting, held Oct. 7, 1850, the petition of L^^^^ 
Barlow and ton others, of St. Croix Falls precinct, wa» p^^ 
seuled, usklug for a special election, to elect two justices of ^^ 
peace. Their petition was granted. The poll wafi: Wm. E. Sa^fl 
one vot«; John H. Reid, six votes; Ansel Smith, fivh vot^^ 
Keid and Smith were deelai-ed elected. The firKt survey ofioM^ 
lots was made in 1851, hy Theodore K Parker, of Stillwater, mfl 
under this snrvey the village was legally established as Tayiorv' 
Falls. The first deeds recorded in Chisago oottnty were trauscrijitg 
from Washington county of lands consisting of town site prxtih 
erty, dat«d 1851, conveyed to W. H. C. Folsom by J. L. aai 
N. C. D. Taylor. 

The niovemeut for the orgauixalion of a new county fnim Ibfl 
northern part of Washington commenced in the wiotcr 
18M-A2. A formidable petition to the legislature tu make null 
organization, drawn up and circulated by Hon. Ansel Siuitli. <i( 
Frauconia, and the writer, wns duly forwarded, presented audae-j 
(|uie*ioed in by that body. The writ«r had been select^il to ifiat 
the capital in tlie interest of the petitioners. Some flifficultj 
ai*ose as tfl the name. The writer had proposed "Chi-saga."! 
This Indian name was ridiculed, and Hamilton, Jaektwn, Frank* 
lin and Jefferson wore in turn proposed. The committee of the 
whole finally reported in favor of tlic name, Chisaga. but 
legislature, in passing the bill for our county organization, bf j 
clerical or typographicaJ error changed the last "a" in "sag*' 
to '^u," which, haviug beirume the law, has not b<%u chaogwi. 
The eoBtem boundary of the county was flxed as the St. Ci 
river; the southern boundary, the line betwe<!u towtishiiw S3| 
and '<iS; the western, the line U^tween ranges IJl and 'Si,i<it 
thrtH! townships .Houth, and the line between ranges 23 and 
for Mu' remaining U)wnHhii>s north. To show how little 
known of the geography of the section we refer to the reconl > 
the county commission ei-s of Washington county, dated 
IB, 1848, at which St. Croix district^ the prcKt^ut Cbi 
county, was established as'* bounded on the north tfy Hour 
river and on the west by line between ranges 21 and i!2— ( 
utter impossibility, iis the Sunrise river Hows in a nortlierlyi 




tion entirely through the eouaty and at its ucarcst point doee 
como within thrt;*! miles of thi; raiiKt; Hue meutloucd. 
1Mr*he electiou for the first buanl of county officers waa held at 
tl:^.^;^ Chisago Hoase, Oct. 14, isr>l. Twent.y-thre« vott^ wbi*c 
J>o^ ^ ed at this election. The, following otlicpre were elected: 
C?o»=M3missioncr8, Samuel Thomson, chairman ; N. 0. D. Taylor, 
T**. ■*z>ma.s F. Jlorton ; clerk of hoard and register of deeds, F. W. 
A->J>*_K>tt; trejLsurer, W. FI. C. Folsom. The bill establishing the 
o^^*^"*. »ity provided that ''thesejit of justioeoftbecounty of Chisago 
B^*^».l 1 beat siieh point in said county ;is the first board of commis- 
si <^X-» era elected in said county shall determine." In accordnnoe 
■^-'it:-*! this law, at the first meeting of theconimissioners, held at the 
o«^<3« of X. C. D. Taylor in Taylor's Falls, Jan. 5, 1852, the 
tO'^B-uof Taylor's Falls wasohosoaas the coautyBent, "agreeable 
**> tlie Revised Statutes, chapter Ist, section 14th.'' 

»-Aj* the i>opulaUon of the county increased the project of mov- 
l'**e the county seat to a more nearly central position was agitated. 
I** 3-858 a voti* was taken which re-sulted in favor of its i-emoval 
t<» Oentre City. The matter of the legality of the vote waa 
'*^^or*re<i to the coflrt, and decided by Jndge Welch diversely, on 
t*»e ground that a majority of the vot^^rs of the county had not 
^^t-od. The county seat consequently remained at Taylor's Falls. 
"^■^ XS61 another vote was taken by which the county seat was 
r "****icjved to Chisago City, and there it remained under somewhat 

^*lver9e circumstances. Chisago City having hut a small popu- 
••*'>oii and no conveniences for such a purpose, and being for 
***'^*<*ral years without even a post office, repealed efforts were 
h> k "*^<3f for another removal, until in 1875 a vote to remove it to 
I^S T^*^*** ^^^ carried. In January, 1876, the records were removed. 
C'™ ^ county anthorities issned *.^,000 bonds for a court bouse 
**ich was erected on a point of land extending into Chisago 
*^^, a beautiful situation. The bonds hare been paid and the 
r^^ntv is without indebtedness, and has a surplus of almut 

T"he town of Amador comprises two eastern tiers of sections 
J^ Wiwnshtp .'J5, range 20, and two fractional sections of towu- 
•^ip 36, range 20, fractional township 35, mnge 19, and one 
"^'tional section of township 30, range 19. The St. Croix river 
•^rtas ita boundary on the north and east. The surfiu* is iindu- 
***Ji)£. The wifstcru and southern part is covered with hard- 


vood UaUwr «ad hm ricb aotL Tbe ooriberu part has 
opMrioi^ «ad pairi«. vitk wnl aonrvhrnc varivd. in koiu« pi] 
autre or 1MB Mwd J. li >• v«>ll wiOen^ and druiiiMl. Thomtoij 
flMinp the flnt wttler. camft ia 1M&. mud to«it^d a. 5trm on 
httnb of lb« St. Croix, at tlv head of tlif nipids. in section .1 
Bicbanl Artkold aettied oo Amador pnurie ia 1S54, bqiI va 
MVnr«il by Jamc* F. Martin. Oirmi P. Garlick and tAhn 
Gnrltrk VIM a pracSidng tAjrcieiaii, bat cnfcaged in other work.^ 
tin boitt a au-«m mw mill And mad« raauy otlit;r impruvemfui, 
amooe them laying oat Ibn rillaj(« of Atnador in smtI ion 9, toi 
•hip .'{5, raa^ 20. H. X. Xewbory. j*urvcyor, n«»t Hn<rcee<iiBg lii^ 
lU9 aDdertakios, hsard the prcmperliKs of a paper to be (^1 
tbe SL Orotx Bofte aod to be pubtisbcd at Taylor*s FalK Tki 
lUllog he renored to Osceola. 

Aimdor was organised in 1S58. The fkni sopervisurs 
C P. Oarlick, K. Arnold and James Martin. A post offiw 
eatablifihed in 1857; Hn'nry Bosh^ postmaster. Mr. Bush bad 
■mall farm at the montb of Deer croekf wbenf' he built a 
public house, two storiee high- This house burued down. 
oOabliKbed a ferry acmes the 8t. Croix. He had a large faml^ 
of boyH who roamed tbe woods Creely until one of tbtdr nomlj 
was lost. Tbe other boys come home as nsual but of imv^ ibt 
coDld give no account. I^irties were orgauiKed for thf seore 
which at last was given np as ansnccessful. A year af 
tbe boues of the mining boy were found some milen avs;, 
tbe side of a log, where the tittle wanderer had doubtlete 
Uhed of stanmlion and exposure. Mr. Bishop raised thtv i 
crops of the town, Tbe first inarriage was that of Charlwi 
Keven* and Mary Snell, by John Wiiians, J:^., Feb. 23, ISW. 

Thok!4ton Bishop was a native of Indiana. He came to 
Croix Falls in 1811 and was married to Delia Wolf iu 1^2. 
Kev. W. D. Boutwell, at the Pokcgama mission. Tbi» wife 
a well educated half breed. They raised a large family of i 
dreu. He come to Amador in 1S46 and farmed for some til 
at the hf^ad of the rapidH, when he sold his farm andmoT«(II 
Sunrise. In 1880 he removed to Kettle River statiuQ' 
188.VS4-85-86 he served as oommissiooer for Pine couuty. 

Vfu.l.iiM H01.MKH came to Amador and settled on a fariBi 
the head of the rapids in 1848. The farm is now held by Job 
Dabney. Mr. Holmes mai'hed a sister of Mn>. Thorat 



Ushop. She iraa educated at Pokegaiu^ miKsiou. They raised 
a large family of childrco. In 1852 Mr. [folme«i removed to 
Sunrise and thence to Trude River, Wi«consin, in 1875, where 
lie siukcned. His brothcr-in-law. Bishop, came to his relief, re- 
moved him to hiB owu homeaud cai-od for him till he died. May, 

Jame» M. Maktin wa8 one of the firat settlers in Amador. 
1l«^ came originally from Missouri, wliefe he was married. He 
4jie<) .Inly 17, 1887} Mrs, Martin dying some years prior. Their 
eonn are Jamet; M., Harvey. Charles, Isaa<% and Theodore. Their 
duuRhtorsare Mrs. Cowan, Mrs. Wilkes, Sirs, JJoi'dine and Mrs. 


The town of Branch, occupying township .35, range 21, was set 

[off from Sunrise, and organized in 1872. Tlie first supervisors 

<i^*iTp William Winston, Peter Delamatcr and Franl^ Knight. A 

po«t office was established in 18(i9; Geo. W. Flanders, postroas- 

fler. The snrface is mo8tly undulating, and the soil a sandy loam. 

jriiire arc oak openings, and along the course of the north branch 

V>f the Sunrise river, which flows through the town from west to 

*t, there are many excellent wild meadows. The north part 

pOrigjjiaiiy L-uulained pine forests; about 5,000,000 fi-el. have been 

*■" 1 11 vay. Branch contains some pretty and well cultivat^^d farms. 

L^ U(* f^,_ pjiul & Duluth railroad traverses the town from south to 



'Jlie only village in the town of Branch wa« platte<i in Jann- 

1870, the proprietors being the M'estern Land Association, 

Mendenhall, agent. The plat includes the north half of the 

*^*T.hwe«t (jnarter of sfMition 21, and the northeast i|uarter of 

*tiou 20. township 35, range 21. The first settler was G. M. 

^tidcra, who opened a store here in 1863, which wa^ burned in 

®*59. Henry L. Ingalls erected a good hotel and other buildiugs. 


1870 Gurley & Bixw. (•stablishcd a store; B. F. Wilkes built 

I* ^ot<J; Winston, Long & Co. t^tablished a store. In 1874 J. F. 

I ^' Hwanson built a llounng mill, which wa« burned in 1878. The 
^''fcwas about W.OOO. with but little insurance. The village now 
*^^iUin8 two elevators, three hott)ls, six Btoreaand the usual pro- 
PortJoQ of dwellings. There are two churches, the Episcopalian 


Fxrrr ykaiw 

baililing, 4TfLttHlin 1883, and thcCoii;;rt-^'utiou!i1, Iq 1884. Tl^nj 
w aWiaguocl school hous*-. Tb** villagt-^ «raf«iiiruri)onited ia l>pj4 
In December, 16S4, the alure of Singlf^n & Bonnafoo ^. 
burued; Xoan estimated at 9l.'>.00'>. with bnt little iiisnra.uoi'. 

Henry L. Isgauji was born in Abiugdou, Coniici,tit*u[, 
IWU. In 18:J2 he Wiw inarriwl lo Laviua L. Chihl. of Wo 
Block, Conneoticnt, ami with liiri wifu and younger bmthirr e^Tni^ 
g^rat^d to Illiuoia Settling at Chandler, Caj» county. There li< 
r<>inain*>d nevout^fu y«irs when, hie impairMl health neoeseil 
ing a clian}:fi. with hi^ son Henry he went to California. In ISii 
he rt^turnt^ and Hf^tthHl oo .Sunrisu prairie^ then an uahn>ten 
wildi*rn(?«»». For Bcventeon years he lived on bis farm aud t^-pj 
a popular coantry hotcL In 1870 he removed to North ttnuirb 
and built a large frumc rcfiidencc. where be lived uutil hisdeiuh, 
which occnrrcd Sept. 2, 1876. Mr. Ingalls left three sous, Eph- 
raiui, Heury and Van B^^nsselaer. 

Mbs. liATiXA L. iNOALXs, whoHe maiden name was (M\As, 
was bom In Conneotient in 1806; was married as above sUtMl to 
1832, from which time she oheerfnlly and uncomplainingly shaitd 
the fortunes of her husband in the West, nndrrgoiag the nHUl 
toils and privations of the pioneer. While sit Sunrise, daring 
part of the time she had no neighbors nearer than Taylor'sFalli 
The first post office iu Chisago county north of TayloHs F«Us 
was at her house, and was known as Muscotink. Shp hu'I licr' 
husband, dnriug the lat«r years of their lives, wen; Spirit ualtittk, 
and derived great comfort from their peculiar phase of belii 
Mrs. Ingalls wrut a talentiK) and kind heart:e4l woman, charitabli 
iu ."U't and beloved l)y her a.ssuciut««. She died Dec. 2y, 1879. 



The town of Chisago Lake includes the four western Hftin 
Beotions of township ;t3, range '20, and township 34, rnngc 
A permanent characteristic of this town is its unriva]i.>d 1alc4 
scenery, rendering it not ouly attnietive for rej*ideni:i> but 
favorite resort of visitors. Its prinripal hike has altvaily beei 
de«cril>od. The first settler was John S. Van Ren.sselaer, who] 
locateil on an island opposite the present site, of C«ntre City is 
the sjiring of 1851, and raised a rrnp of corn and vi _ 
He built him a cabin and lived there three years. L.. 
ber^. a pi-ominent Swede, came to the lake from Blshop'fiUi 


l]Jnois, in Aprtl, 1851, and being pleased with the locality, 
atne back wifcb a colony of Swedes, including Peter Berg, A'n- 
■rc'W Swenson, Peter Anderson, Peter Shaline, Daniel Battick, 
nd others. They came by steamboat, landed at Taylor's Falls 
ntic 34, 1851, cat a road t'O Chisago lake and took undisputed 
»oe9»c(«ion of its shores, finding no trace of human occupnncy 
ave some deserted Indian tepoes and the claim cabin of Mr. 
V'An Rensselaer on the island. Mr. Berg settled on the west part 
>f lot 3, section 35, and southwest quarter of southwest quarter 
of section 26, township 34, range 20. Peter Anderson on the 
east part of lot 3, and northwest quarter of northeast quarter of 
Bection 35, township 34, range 20. Andrew Swenson on lot .*>. 
section 27, township 34, range 20. Mr. Norberg had come first 
to the country at the invitation of Miles Tornell, who was mur- 
dered in 1848, near St. Croix Falls, by some Indian assassins, 
hired to commit the deed by one Miller, a whisky seller. Mr. 
Norbeti; originally intended to make his home at Chisago Lake, 
but died at Bishop's Hill, Illinois, while on a visit in 1853. 

The colony in 1852 raised the first rye, barley and fiax in the 
ooQDty. They also raised potatoes, green corn and vegetables, 
cut oat roads, cleared timber, and made other improvements. 
Pet«r Berg raised fiax and made linen thread in 1852, the first 
made in Minnesota. Settlers came in rapidly. Among the 
arrivals in 1852 and soon after were the Petersons, Strands,' 
Johnsons. Frank Mobeck, Dahliam, Porter, and others. A post 
office was established in 1858; A. Xelson, postmaster. The town 
was organized in 1858. The first supervisors were; Eprhraim 
C. Iiigalls, chairman; Frank Mobeck and Daniel Lindstrom. 

The first church organization in the county wjis that of the 
Swedish Evangelical Lutheran, in 1854. Here wsj-s built the 
first church edifice in 1855, a frame structure subsequently cii- 
larg^, but in 1882 superseded by a fine brick building, costing 
WO.OOO. Its dimensions arc llOxfifi feet, ground plan, and the 
spirt* is 135 feet in height. A fine organ wjis purchased at a cost 
of?1.5iK). This church building is anorriiiinent totlu* town and 
the State, and would be creditable even to our great cities. The 
first pastor was Rev. P. A. Ccdai'stani. His successors are Revs. 
C. A. Hedciigrand and John J. Frodeen, the present incumbent. 
Theeoinuiunicants number about 1.300. 
In 1880 the St. Paul & Duluth railroad extended a branch 


road from Wyoming to Taylor* b Falls. This pMMB tbron^b tb».s=9~li,), 
towu of Chisago I^okc, from vest to east, crossing throe arms otz^ of 4 
the lake. To accnro this road the t^wn gave $10,000 in tweut^.:^^ j|(j 
yiiar bunds. It obtains in exchange an outlet for the products om^:^ ^ 
itN fiirniH and forests. The bridge across Chisago lake was buiV _m: Hi 
in 18.57, Ht a euut of $1,500. It ha^ since Ih^u made an embanlS'V jjt 
meat bn'dge at an lidditional cost of ^1,600. Of thia the StatV"_a/r> 
ftirnished $1,000 and tbe county *600. 


The county seat of Chisago eunuty, was platted May. 1857, 
lot T), section 27, township 34, mnge 20; Andrew Swenaon, p 
prietor; Alex. Cairns, Kurveyor. It is Imated on a |>fninf* 
midway on the east shore of Chisago lake. Few villagti* »- 
more beantifuily situated. It contains two hotels, three Hto 
a saw and teed mill, two church bnildJugs, a Swedish Luthe 
and tSwedish Methodist, a school house and many pleasant 
<iences. The court house was built in 1876, at a cost of^o.tKM), 
a promontory commanding a Hue view of the lake. The depot 
the branch of i\i*i St> Paul & Duluth railroad is located bsl 
mile south of the Tillage. Summer excursionists assemble h< 
in goodly uumlxirs, and the location bids fair to become very 
tractive as a summer rtisort. During the Indian outbreak 
1862, nnd the ]>eri<>d of uncertainty as tothe proliable attitude 
the Chippewa Indians, the people of Chisago I>ake built b 
works for protection, on the isthmus connecting CentreCity 
tiie mainland, and plante<l cannon upon them for defense, 
remains of these old fortiticationti may still be seen. 

Andrew Swenbon. — Mr. Sweuson, the foniider of Co 
City, came to tbe shores of the lake in 1851, and made his h 
on the present site of the city. He was Iwrn In Swejlen iu li 
came to America in 1850, and remained a short time in Xe« 
leans before coming to Minnesota. He was a farmer and a m ^ 
ber of the Methodist church. He was married to Catba»" 
Peterson ia 1838. He died in July, 1887, leaving two sods »* 
two daughters. 

John H, Van Uenhselaer came to Chisago Lake in the spr'* 
of 1851, and settled on an island, where he lived three years' 
hermit-like seclusion, raising corn and vegetables. His enl^ 
always neat and taetcftil, was furnished with a choice libr 




m *rv 


he removed to Sunrise L»ke, where he lived fif^FeeD 
ed in fnrming. Ue removed thence to Sanrisc City. 

Beussclacr was the founder of tbc first cheese factories 

nnty, at Sunrise City aud Coutre City. He is ati honor- 

npriglit miin. whose high aim is to ejcemplify thi* golden 
his life and deportment. 

DAB1JA.M settled on the west shore of East Chisago lake 

Mr. Dabliam had been an oBicer iu the Swedish Army. 

a cultivated gentleman. He died in 1369. 

B NoRO was born in Lindhopsing. Sweden, iti 1^19. In 

btecotb year heenlistetl in the Swedish Army and w^rved 

years. He oanio to America in 1855 and located on Chi- 

Ij^DtheuorthenBt qnarterof section 32, township 34. range 

|rlni6 marri4.>d in Sweden to Lisa Anderson. They have 

bi John P., who has been for seven years the popular and 

it auditor of Chisago county. He Mas married in 1878 to 

1, daughter of Rev. C. A. Hedengrand. They have one 


I A. Haixbkro was Iwrn at Smolland, Sweden, in 1830. 
nf to America in isrhj and to Centre City in 1854. In 
B purchased a saw and feed mill of Shogren Brothers. In 
» built a hotel. He has held the office of justice of the 
pany years and hm served four years as county ooramii^- 

Hc was married to Matilda E. Carlson in 1870. 
I. A. Bu3U is of German dese«nt. His father, Wm. H. 
lived iu Wyoming. His great grandfather came to this 
f in 1765 and fought on the side of the colonies. Chas. 
|c to Minnesota in 1869 from Pennnylvania. He has 
MH treaftnrer of Chisago county four years. 
I JoHAN Stark was born in Sweden in 1826; came to 

in 1850, and settled at Chisjigo L/ake in 1852. Ho was 
1865, and again in 1870. He has eleven children Ht- 

Sweden heserved as clerk ten years. In hiH American 
le has followed farming chiefly. He ba« served aa jnatice 
}eaco and county commissioner, and has filled some town 

He wa« engrossing clerk of the house uf representativra 
. He waa a member of the house iu the sessions of 18G5 
75. In 1868 he moved to the town of Fish Lake, and in 
I Harris. 
SK MoBECK was born in Sweden in 18U. He came to 



Atnt;ric» ia Ifs'i], nud lo 1803 to Chisago Lake, wherf; he. BettU 
on lot 5, section 'M, township 'M, range ^). Ilis homo w mi 
boantifnl plemtion, on a point of land projt.><;ting into tfa<* LaV 
Mr. Moheck scrvt^ in tho Swwlish Army ficventeeu ycarv. "TT"^^* 
luw raui«d n Lit^c family of children, all of whom are good c^^ J' 
tctui, ^fl 

RoRRRT OtTBRlG van bom in Ayrshirtr, BcoLland. -Vf*^? 
H'su^lilnK manh<K>d he waf* pmployed many years a» eaperintfj ^ 
r.til u( a fancy mana&ctaring compiiny. IIb was marrietL 
8cotl4ud. In 1S54, after the death of his wife, he came 
America, and in 1855 selected a place for a homo on the ui^- n 
nhor*' nf w««t Chisago Uke, where he lived till his deoltk. hy 
drowning in 1883. The site of his home was well chc 
It commanded a beantlftil riew of the lake, and in the 6~«::iiq^ 
mejr mouths was laxnriiiutly ailorucd with flowers. Mr. CZ7q] 
rie was a man of fine iuti'llfot. wtill cultivated, and lui ardei 
admirer of hiit conotrymau BuruH. from whom, and from ShaJc< 
speare and other mafiteni of Eii^tiKh 1iU*nituri> he conldqijot« 
for hoarR. Mr. C'nrrie'n oeoupation wajs t'arining, hut he flU ^ 
several offices aoceptably. lie was Boperintendent of Kchoc^le, 
Judge of probate and clerk of district conrt. Though somcwfc^ot 
eccentrir, he was a social, kind heartefl man. 

AN'niiKW N*. Holm, formerly Andrew Xelson, his name h;^a*v 
ing been changed by legislative enactment in 1867, was bnri^K. m 
Sweden in 1839. He learned the trade of carpenter, caint» lo 
America in 1855 and located in Centre City in 1857. of vt^ ich 
city he was first postmaster. He served as a soldier duritig tU& 
Civil War and at itA close removed his family to Taylor^s F«al\s, 
which is still his home-. 

I^ocated on the line of the Taylor's Falls bniiicb of the St. f*"-aol 
& Uiiluth railroad, on lot 4. section .33, town S4. range 20, ■■ ^n s 
platted in 1880 by G. W. Sewall, surveyor. The proprietore wd 
James and Elisabeth Smith. It is situated on high gmniKl -and 
almost sarrouuded by the watei-s of Lake (,'hisago. It wonli 
difficult to find a lovelier site. Bfaurice Tombler built the rMi 
store ami elemtor here, in ISSl. There are now three st«::>r«^i 
oue hotel, one railroiul ntatiun and tievcml shops and dvolls. ags, 
A post olBee was established at Lindstrom in i&SO; Charlew) i£ 
B«»li, postmaster. 



Daniel Lindbtrom was bom in 1825, in Helsingland, Swe- 
den. He had nocarly advantages for obtaining an cdncation, and 
spout most of his youth Uerdiug goats amongst tho mountains 
in Ihi" north part of Sweden. In 18r»4 he eamc to America and 
1ocnl4>d on Chisago lake, ch<M}King a, benuMful h^catiou, wliich has 
uincu Ik^u laid out as a village, and bids fair to beeume a phice 
of popular resort. Mr. Lindstrom was married first in Sweden, 
and now lives with his second wife, Ibo first having <lied in 186-1. 
Ue has a fivmily of three children. He has lilted official posi- 
tions iu his town aeceptably. 

Magnps S. Shaleen was born in Sweden in ITM; came to 
America in 1S55, and made a homestead near Lindstrom in sec- 
tion 29, town S4, range 20, where he died iu 1869. Mrs. Shaleeu 
died in IS?."). John, the ohlest son, resides on the family home- 
stead. He has served as sheriff of Cliisago county sixyeai-s, and. 
■Bite senator eight years. I'eter, the scatnd son, has sei-ved a» 
postmaster of Centre Oily fourteen years, and clerk of the dis- 
trict court five yearo. Sarah, the eldest daughter, married John 
Swen.son. They have three sons, John H., Heui-y A. aud Oscar, 
iiidu»tnou.s, reliable young men, all in tl»e employ of the St. Paul 
& Dnluth Railroad Company. Mary married Andi-ewWallmark 
at Chisago Lake, in IS5Q. One daughter is unmarried. 

^m CUiaA(H> CITY. 

The village of Chisago City is located on a hardwood ridge, 
betwecu Chisago and Green lakes, iu sections G aud 7, township 
34, range 20. It was platted by Isaac Bernheiuier &Co., of Phila- 
delphia, on lot 4, section 7, township S4, range 20, in IS.^5. 
They built a hotel, several dwellings, and a saw and grist mill 
on the banks of Chisago lake, at an expense of about f 7,000. 
These mills were burned iu 1872. A stave factory was bnilt on 
the site of the burned mills, which was operated succeasluly for 
many years under the uianagemeut of George Kathau, Otto 
Wallmark, W. D. Webb aud others. This stJive mill gave a new 
impetus to the prosperity of the village, under the iuUuence of 
which the cx>unty seat wa-s transferred to it- Il« subse*iuent 
groTi-th, however, did not justify expectations. It was for many 
years without oven a post oilice. In 1875 the oonnty seat was 
removed to Centre City. The Lutherans have here one of the 

lest church buildings iu the county. The branch railroad 



depot is located one mile noi-tb, and quite a village has grovu 
up around it- 

Otto Wallmark was born Dec. 7, 1830, in the province of 
Hallnnd. Sweden. In bis minoritj' he was nine years clerk in sk\ 
store. He received a common school odncotlon. In 1854 he eamej 
to America and directly to Oiisofiro City, where he lived many 
years, mnkiug a homc6t4^nd, which has since been his permanent 
home. Hn served eighteen years as Chisago eoanLy auditor. He 
served several years aa iiostniaster at ('hiNigo City, and in ISSfi 
was elected at^te senator for fonr yejirs. His firKt wife was Mary | 
Helenet his second wife, Eva Palmgreen. They have one son 
and one daughte-r. 

Andkkw Wallsiark, brother of Otto, was born in Svc 
in 1S3C; received a liberal education, and ciime lo Chisago I^ke 
from Sweden in 1854. He has tilled several town ofliecs; hasj 
be4?u register of deeds for Chisago county nineteen years; was] 
married to Mary Rhaleen in 1656. They have two sous aud three] 


The town of Fish Lake includes township 36, range 22. 
was originally well timbered, chiefly with hardwood^ but 2E 
000,000 feet of pine timber has Ihh'U cut from it and ukost' 
manufactured in the town. There are some fine Xakm in t^j 
town, of which the largest aud finest are Horseshoe aud 
The sail is bliutk clay loam with subsoil of clay. The town -^i 
cut off from the town of Sunrise and organized in 18tJ8. t» 
first supervisors were Chaa. F. Stark, Benjamin Franklin .-u 
Johu A. Hokanson. A post office was (^tabliehed io ISe 
Bciijamiu Franklin, postiuaster. The first seltlers were Pt.>( 
Olaf and Pet4ir Bergland, in section 25. The first school 
taught by Miss Mattison. The finit marriage was that of JoT 
Hokau8on and Matilda Samuel-son. The tirst death wiisthat. 
John Kricicsott. The population ii> mostly from Sweden. Thi 
is a good Swedish Lutheran church built near the centre of 
town. There are also a Swtidish Methodist aud a Swedish B= 
tiat society. The people are a well-to-do, independent eh 
Fish Lake has a saw mill with a capacity of about 1^000, 
feet In 1877 Uosburg, the watchman of Uiis mill, was kilt^j 
byFrieatly, an Euglishman. Hosburfc, in aooordanoe with 



mleB^ 1^ ordered him not to, smoke od tbe premise. The 
Engltthiiuin was arrmtcd, tried for mnrdcr and acquitted. 

Petkk Rf.ku wa« born in Swinli'n in 1801; tKiine to A^meriva 
in 1S.W, and settled at Chisjigo Lake in IHol. Some time sabse- 
quently he settled on the north shore of Fish lake. lu 1886, at 
the ageof eighty-five yeai-s, hcisstill a vigorous, active man. Mr. 
Berg was married in Sweden. He lias one daughter, Kathanue^ 
who married Sam Hanultou, of Tayloi-'s Falls. Mr. Hamilton 
died iu 1S71. She married mi her second buBhaud Swain G. Yon- 

BENJAMrs Frankms, thongh lie bears the name of America's 

most itlnstrious philosopher, is a native of Sweden, whence he 

came with a Swedish colony in 1S52, settled at Taylor's Falls, and 

aabfictjneutly removed to the northern shore oC Fish lake. By 

way of explaining how he came by his American name we add 

^liat soon afl«r his arrival he came to the writer somewhat puz- 

^14^1 as to how hesbould write his Swedish name in English. He 

.j^ave it as "Ben Franz Norel," but pronoum-ed it in such a way 

<r.hat it somidetl rather like Benjamin Franklin. We suggested 

^diat nameas a happy solnlion of the diftienlty, telling him some- 

' about tbe illustrious man who had made it honorable. He 

^3iidopt«d it at once, and has never disgraced it. He is atill a 

"^^orthy. indu.strious and houorable citizen of Fish Lake. 


^■ndudes tbe two eastern tiere of sections of township 33, range 20, 
d fractional township 33, range 19, includiugabout fifteen whole 
ions, and four fmctional. The soil is good, and originally 
pported a growth of hanlwood. The surface is undulating. It 
well watered by Lawrence and several other small creeks 
butary to the St. Croix, and has several small but clear lakes. 
Qsel Smith vra& the first settler of the t-owu and village, which 
e named after Fraucouia in tbe white mountaiua. He came 
ere in 1852. and locat<?d a claim on the present site of the vil- 
ft.age, ou the St. C'ruix river, s<.tTtion 10, township 33, range 19. He 
did much for the prosperity of the village and town. He raised 
Mie first crops and was the first postmaster fl854). The town 
'miis organized ia 1S58. The first supenisora were Ansel Smith, 
~I.>eoDard P. Day and A. J. Adams. The town is now weJl set- 
tled and hafi many excellent farmti. The branch St. Paul & Du- 
Inth railroad has a de]>ot three-fourths of auiile from the village 

Was platted in 1858, by Ansel Smith. It was incorporated in 
iaS4. Panl MuncU, in 1860, enM:l«d a first class, three storied 
flouring mill on liSiwrencfl creek. A saw mill, ereetetl in ISM 
by thu Clark brothers and Ansel Smith, has jtosscd through many 
changes of oirnership. It is now the pn)perty of Matlhew.s 
Jourdain. Ilenry F. and Leonard V. Day built the firHl goo(lE»< 
dwelling in the village, uu the banks of the ftt. Croix, just abovi 
the steamboat landing. Margaret Smith tanght the first Bchool— 
The first death in the village was that of Neil Monroe. 

Ansel Smith came from Vermont to St. Croix Falls in lS5C^^^*-^*50 
and engaged itP teaching. In 1851 he helped erect the Chisagc^" 
House in Taylor's Falls. In 1SA2 he made a claim on the St—": 
Croix river, in section 10. township .'J3, range 19, and ther^ 
platted the village of Franconia, clearing away the worst of th^ 
timber with his own hands. He was an energetic, active buiii J 
uess man, and took an interest not only in the affairs of his towi 
and neighborhood, but in the country at large. He represent 
his district in the fifth, sixth and seventh legislatures. He wi 
appoint4?d register of the United States land office at Duluth it 
1870 and served till 1872. Mr. Smith died at his reeidence it 
Dalnth in 1878, leaving a wife and three promising sons, twc 
of them practicing attorneys in Dulath: one cashier of a bantf^ 
in Dululh. 

Hekby F. and Leonard P. Day. —The Day brothers cam»*'-*j^* 
from St. Lawrenct*, New York, to the 8U Croix valley in 1843^? t^^** ' 
andsettled inFranconiatn 1852. Henrj' raarrietl Margaret Smitli*^-^' . ' 
daughter of David Smith. During the Rebellion he served ir A 
Oompany C, Seventh Minnesota Volunteers. He moved U^ 
Florida in 188C. Leonard If. was married to Man,- Mitchell i m: 
1856. He died in 187-1, len^'ing a widow, two .sons and tw 
daughters. His widow (in 1886) is the wife of Henry Wills, a 

Hexrt Wills was Iwru in 1S29, in Illinois, anp marrieil ht 
first wife in Missonri in 1K56, who died in IS78, leaving niiv 
dtildren. Mr. Wills was one of the fii-st farmers in Franconis 
and hiw l>eeu active in promoting improvements in his town a 
«muty. He moved to Osceola in 1886. 



TUKCt.AiiK Kkothek« came From Maine and located in Fran- 

conid in 1854^ whore they bnili the firnt mill in the villa^. 

SnI 'y tlioy liecnmo citizens of Taylor's Fulls. eiiKagitig 

io tl- MDlile, livery, saw and stave uiili biisiuess. .rauif^.the 

«Jcl««t, married Carrie JelliMou iu l8*iS, and muved t4) W'iadom, 

Wrt ra iic-gQt:!. RuTms the next in age, married Kate Strand in 

IS^G* »nd died May. ISiMi, lenving a widow, three sons and one 

cia.«a^hter. Charles, the youogetit, was married to Martha J. 

Or^^y in 1S(>8, and r^-moved tn Fergus FalU. 

X^A-TtDfjuiTH wiu) boru in Seoiluud. He came to Fraueonia 

Xi$A%, where he has now one of the best farms in Chiaago 

^oovsnt^y. Hia youngest sou, .Tames, liveA on the old honiest^^ad 

^vit-kft^ htm. His second sou, John, has made hia home in Uu%li 

CTlty- Andnsw, his oldest, served during the Rebellion in com- 

p«»ny C 8<?vi.-nth Minnesota. His oldest daughter, Margaret, is 

tUc? -wife of U. F. Day. His daughter Nancy is the wife of X. H. 

HicrWerson and rettidei* iu California. Barbary. the third dangb- 

tor, ifi the wife of John Grove of Burnett county. 

JoxAS LiNDAt.i. was for many years an enterprising and profi* 
per-^oaw liuxini^Ms man iu Frantronia. He ux»eued up an extensive 
woo^l trade with St. Paul, in which 0. J. Vitalis is his successor. 
BCbt. Lindall repreaentud his county in the senate of the fif- 
t^'*^»ilji und sixt*M'Ulh stale h!gislaturt«. He waa accideut4dly 
«ir*o"wued from a Imrge of winid at Hustiugs iu May, 1872. Uia 
^^'l^iow if! married to Cbas, J. Vitalis. 

"W'm. came from Maine to the St. Croix valley and 

^fc^'fc-dcd id Kmneooia in 1857. and followed mercantile puraoits 

^^^ that phkc« and at Taylor's Falls. He died at- the latter pbu% 

*^* 187fi. Mr. Pea-Mee wo** married at Palmyra, Maine, to 

^*<*T)l)ia K Uiirriman, who, with tJlareuce, an only son, survives 

•* i m. His widow resides in Taylor*a Falls and Huperinteuds a 

^^ * '" ry and fancy store. Olarenw! sncfMMuls his father in the 

i~ y ami ilry goods liusiness at Taylor's Palls. He married 

^^^--oa, a daughter of Patrick Fox. 

C{LiRLE.s Vitalis was born in Smolland, Swwlcn. in 1S43; came 
^^i^ America in I86S and settled in Francouia village. He was for 
•^vf years employed as clerk. In 1873 ho embarked in t!ie mer- 
cantile aud wood business. In oue year heshipp<Hl l.'},(>04) iKirils 
vf Wiiml, and has averaged for the last 14 years 7,(>0(l cords, 
nukiDg ■ total of 1<>(),IHH) cords. He waa marrie<l to Josephine 



Nel80D» widow of Jonas Limlall. in 1873. They haro tphree^i^fe. 
children. Elof, Jobn. Elias and Haiis are brothers of CharU 
Vitalis, residing in the town of Fnuuviiia. 

MraiJST J. AxDEHSON was bora iiesir Wi-xino, Swcslen, in 1860;^ 
cauif^to!ri»i nith lits parents in 18B9, and U) Franoonia. AlB^ 
thirteen yean* of agtt \iv 4;otnni('ne4'd clerking forC. Vilnlis, witi 
whom he continiie<! until 187.1, when he associated himself witJr-^- ^ 
him in the mercantile bnsinesi. He visited Enrope iu 1883. 

Frank X.PETEasoN. — Mr. Pt^tcrsoncaraeto Americaia ISM 
and in ISGti settled in the valley of the St. Croix. He attendc 
school at Carver, Minnesota, one year, when he became a trai 
cling salesman for Leopold & Co., of Chicago, and in li 
settled in Franoonia. He organized the lumbering firm of BoreKr 
Brothei-s & Peterson, which continued until 1886, when a 



organization was formed, called the Franconia LnmberCom| 
consisting of P. Jordan, Sam Mathews, of Stillwater, and "^ 

subject of our sketch. 

3ir. Peterson has t>ccn the president of Franconia since it^ ^^' 
corporation. In 1869 he married Miss Ingur Johnson, dan^:^ ~^ 
of Eric Johnson, a pioneer of St. Peter, Minnesota, and is *^^ 
father of two children. Axel, a promising son, who died in ^^^^ 


lary, 1885, at fourttwn years of age, and Maria, now a student 
the Ladies' Seminary at FaribHnIt, who is developing marked 
ftiU(7 as a pencil arti»t. Mr. Peterson owns one of the finest 
}Usee in the valley, romantically sitnated, which Is supplied 
j^ pure spring water. It is a pride to the village and attracts 
Iferal afct«ntiDn. He is also the iuveotor and patentee of the 
urafaolm & Peterson abiding machine. 


n town of Harris contains twenty-four sections of township 
range 21, the four wiwteru tiers of sections. The soil is 
Bft-Ddy loam with clay subsoil. The t*>wn is well watered and 
.mned by Goose creek, which entering the town from the north- 
t*, and bending at first southward, then eastward, leaves the 
m near its sontheastem line in section 22. The timber con* 
^d originally of oak openings and pine; 10,000.000 feet of the 
^rhavc been removed from the southeastern portion. Lux- 
KJit wild meadows are found along Goose creek. The first 
^xovement was a farm, made by W. H. C. Folsom in sections 
i^ud 22 in 1854. The first permanent settler was Henry H. 
^y, who located on this farm in 1350. The towu of Harris 
>rgaui2ed in 1S34. 



h~ charter organizing Harris village was granted by the dis- 
fc court, under the general law, in 1832. A question arose 
^:> the legality of the act. A subsequent Ic^slature, by leg- 
t^ve act, coutlrmcd all similarly organized villages in the 
ts<«. The supreme court decided the organization of snch vil- 
^m illegal and the legislative act sanctioning it unconstittt* 
L^. it was BulwtMpiimtly organized legally. The village 
I Borveyed by A. D. Miller and platted in May, 1873, in the 
bli half of section 21, township 36, range 21, Philip S. Har- 
^nd X. D. Miller, proprietors. It derived its name from 
Vip S. Harris, a prominent officer of the St. Paul & Duluth 
X*oad. Fred Wolf was the first settler, in 1870, and first mer- 
^ki and first railroad agent, in 1873. He acted as postmaster 
'^•qaently and fine<l other offices of trust. His interests are 
^Yofltely blended with those of the village. Isaac Savage was 
^ Second settler and merchant. He was the first postmaster. 



in 1873. The first school was taught by Mary Gwiim, in 1( 
The first marriage was that of M. P. Smith uud Charlotte Si 
son. The firafc child born wafl Brague, AOii of W. D. Sa] 
The Bret death was that of Thoac Morrill. A good srhool hot 
was built in 1877. The village is rapidly growing. It has an 
tensive trade in bay, wood, ties nud piles. \Mieat sbipmf 
are large. It has four stores, two botelis three elevators, tha 
bay presses, two wagon and suiith shop-s, one agricultural wa. 
house, one skating rink, oue livery staUe, two aaloons, one m.* 
shop and a railroad depot. 



Ttii» town includes the whole of township M, range 21. K 
well watered and drained bj' Sunrise river, hut has no lak: 
The soil is a sandy loam; the timber chietly oak openings. 'J. 
early settlers were Harvey Lent, from whom the town derived 
name, William Kobinson, James Buchanan, who raised the 6 
crops in 1855. Joshua Dawson, Jesse Moore and others. Tbe 
town was organized in 1872. The firat supervisors were I>aweK>'*-< 
Moore and Robinson. The first i)Ost office was established i'* 
1875, at Stacy, a railroad station on the St. Paul & Duluth ra-i* ' 
road, which traverses this town from south to jiorth. Fr»«**' 
Dawsou was the first postmaster. 


Jfeasell includes township 37, range 22. Thesur&oewas orig^**" 
ally covered with a growth of hardwood, with some pine. ^-^ 
the latter, about 10,000.000 feet has been cut. The soil isodapt'^"*' 
to wheat culture. It is well watered. Rush lake occupied ^ 
nearly central position, and is a beautiful sheet of water '»'i*'*J 
about fourteen miles of meandering shore line, crystal clear, i^ ' ' 
deep, well stocked with fish, and bordered with groves of ni»]^ ' ' 
oak and linden. The town was set off from Rush Lake and org^**' 
ized in 1870. The first supervisors were Wm. H. SIcGray, Jt^***^ 
H. Brcil and Matts CoUeen. The town is settled by a cIa0A *' 
industrious, upright people. There are three chart^hrs. *i* 
prosperous so<-ieties, the Swedish Baptist, the Swedish Luther"**" 
lud German Lntherun. Martin Liuuell was the first child IW "* 
The first marriage was that of Wm. Vauettaand Anna JohitfCT-'*-, 
in 1861. Alice Draper taught the first school. Rev. CedaBl^""' 
prooched the flrst M-rmon. 


fioBEBT Xebsell was the oldest settler. The towu was named 

for him. He was born in Germany in 1834; came to America 

'Q 1S47, and to Minnesota in 1854. He was married at Sunrise 

to K.ate Torbert, of Shafer, in 1856, and the same year located 

ills present home. Other early settlers are John H. Breit, John 

XindMy, P. Kelley, and the Jarcbow brothers. 

SrE-EFHEN B. Clabk made Nessell his home In 1867. Mr. 
Cl&rk was born in Vermont in 1830; came to Marine in 1851. He 
ser-v-«d three years during the Rebellion in the Second Wiscon- 
fiiu Cavalry. He remored to Bush City in 1856. 


;^£,iiBh Seba comprises township 37, range 21, and fractional 
p^rt of town^ip 37^ range 20, consisting of about ten sections, 
irregularly bounded by the St. Croix river. It is timbered with 
bshrdwood, has good soil, chiefly a black clay loam, with clay 
■olisoil, and is well watered by Bush river and Bock creek and 
tribntaries. Wild meadows and marshes are intermingled with 
tlie timber. The town was organized in 1858, with (Jeoi^e B. 
Folflom, Robert Newell and Timothy Ward as supervisors. A 
poet office was established in 1859, in section 14, Geoi^e B. Fol- 
soni, postmaster. Geoi^e B. Folsom was the first settler, raising 
thefirst crops in the town in 1855. The St. Paul & Duluth rail- 
road traverses the town from sonth to north. It wss built in 
1868, and a branch road to Grantsburg, Wisconsin, was built in 
1884. Josephine Blauding taught the first school, in 1850. Tht* 
first death wa-s that of James Ward, who died from accidental 


In 1868, at the completion of the St. Paul & Dulnth railroad, 
a depot was built and a station established at the crossing of 
Rush river, around which rapidly grew up the village of Bush 
^ty. Itwas surveyed and platted by Benjamin W. Brunson, sur- 
^>yor. in January, 1870, in the northeast quarter of section 21, 
township 37, range 26. The Western Lund Association, L. 
Mendenhall, agent, was proprietor. Thomas Flyun was the first 
settler, he having In 1857 pre-empted the land which afterward 
"ftcarae the site of the village. Among the improvements in 
1869 was a steam saw mill, built by Taylor & Co. This mill was 
burned in 1879, at a loss of !?18.000. Rush City was incorpo- 


rateil in 1874. Frank H. Pratt wna president of th(! first village -^sks 
conncil. Rash City has now a oominodious town hall, an ei- — ^- 
ohange bank, one elevator, one tbantlry, a goo<l school boiuie, ^. jr)/ 
built at a cost of ^.000; a good graded school, under the super- — ^kt- 
vision of Prof. V. D, E<idy; a lodge of Ancient Order Untkedf»,^sj 
Workmen (No. 42), a board of trade, a Woman's Cbtistianc».^tt 
Temperance Union Association, a Sons of Temperance lodge, a^ ^ gfl 
post of the Grand Army of the Republic (Ellsworth Post, Xo. «:fc"j,j™ 
58), and a masonic orgauizatiou (Jasper Lodge). The fnlln-rrina m mm 
denominations have church&s and Rocieties: Catholic, Episcoc::^— j^^j, 
palian, German Lntheran, Swedish Lutheran, and Swedish Evaurs- ,^qj]. 
gelical. The Catholics are building a church at a cost of $10,00O«nii^ 

Thomas Fltnn was born in county Mayo, Ireland. 1828. lf^3KBe 
came to America in 1S31, and lived in Canada East until 18fi "^^;, 
when he located in Minnesota, pre-empting the'uortheast qnart*<.c^K«r 
of section 21, township 37. range 21. His farm became the si^^Erue 
of the village of Rush City in 1868, and in 1869 he built ('he fi^r^rsf 
frame house in its limita. Bfr. Flyuu has been marriod tbi^^rea 
times, losing each of his wives by death. He has two sobs Ib^hi- 
ing, James H. and Frank A. 

Patkick H. Flynn was horn in county Mayo, Ireland. io 
1829; (»mi> to America in 1831^ lived in Canada Eafit until 18-^31* 
and coming to Minnesota pre-empted the northwent quarter^ <^f 
section 21. He was married in 1857 to Margaret Kelly, of I "M. l-i- 
nois. They have two sons and two danghtere living. 3lto-^ ^ 
Flynn, in 1880, erected the Globe Hotel in Rush City, wher« '•^^ 
now resides. 

RUFU8 Crocker was the second settler in Rush Seba. ^^^*- 
wasthe first justice of the peace and held other offloes. ^^^^' 
Crocker was married to Miss Mercy Hewson, of Isanti ooiu::»-*'2? ■ 
Hf. is now a citizen of Rock Creek. 

Frank H. Pr.vit was born in Skowhegsn, Maine, in 1836. ^^ ^^ 
father, Henry P. Pratt, a veteran editor, who had ser""*^ — '~' 
twenty years on the Iveonebec Jounuti, and later was 
nected with the Somerset Journal and Skowbegan People's 
came to St. Paul in 1854 with his family, and was 
with John P. Owens a» assistant editor of the St. Paul Mh 
tktH. On Sunday. May 6. 1855, Mr. PraU went on board i 
steamer Royal Arch, which h^d landed at the Qt. Paul lereetl 
morning with a cargo of pai-is^eiigen^ sick, dying and. dead 




06olen. Thirteen had already died uii the 1>oaL. Mr. Pratt, Sr., 
Wpfltoo IkatiI to atieviatc the siiHVrings of the Hide auil dying, 
•ad iacotMei}uenc«,iiithlii two days, himnelf sickened and died. 
The wrltor nrul his fAmily were passengere on the lloyal Arch, 
Uxl TituuatH.t» to these scenes of sutFeriug and death and Mr. 
PmXt'c heroic seJf-devotioa. After bis fathers death Frauk con- 
tia«2«(l in the office of the MinnesothN as printer. He worked 
&!»<» ill the offices of the Bt. Paul aud BL Peter TVibune and the 
Frosoott Tntnjtcrijit. In lS5H-.'iU he Kerved oa local editor and 
flHr«rnisui in the Tmnscript oflice. In 1S(W> he removed to Taylor's 
Fftlli. and established the Taylor's Falls lieportcr, the first news- 
p^pvr pablisbed In Chisag^o county. In 1862 he enlisted In Com- 
pftoy C. of the Seventh 3Iiuuoe»ta Volunteer lufantry; was 
couiiul.<»doQ(4d second Uouteuant, And served nutil he resigned 
Us otRvr iu tilt* latt^T [Mirt of iSfvt. haviiijf Xkh'h promottMl to 
the onptaiiKry of Company C. After the war he located iu Suu- 
ftoe City, and engaged iu mercantile pursuits. In 1872 he re- 
moved U> Bofih City, oontinaed in mercantile bosiness, and took 
fta active part in all enterprises looking to the welfare of the 
fiity. Ho built ft 8tore, elevator aud a fine residence, which wa^ 
bttrtM'*! in IS.**!. Mr. Pratt reprwwnled his diHlxirt in the six- 
tcsvrith legi.sltttnre. He was mnrrieil to Helen A. Uossont, at St. 
Patil, in 1858. They have one son, Freil, and three daughters. 
Mr. Pratt moved to St. Panl in 1882, where he died, March 25, 
1884. Fred, his son, succeeds him in basineiss in Rush City. 
Be 1^ married to a daughter of Jonathan Cbnse, of East Min- 

Vni.oBo D. Eddy was born in Java, Wyoming county, New 
York. Sept, 7. \SMi; received a common Hchool etluculton supple- 
mentnlby two yearn' attendance at Griffith Institute^ Springfield, 
}?ew York; gave np his school to enlist in his country's seiTice, 
to a r»iintM?r of tht^ "Ellsworth Avengers'' (the Forty-fourth 
Sen Ytifk VolunU.'era). The regiment was mustered into serWce 
M Albany. Xew York. Aug. S, ISGl. He served iu this rcgi- 
leni nntil June j, 18&1, when he wns taken prisoner at Old 
inrch, Virginia. He endured the horrors of X)ri80u life until 
Ffli.28, ISW, and was disrliarged from ftervioe May 20, 1865. 
"- piune to Tnylor's Falls and engaged in teat'bing, 
\y.i9 mwie his profession, having tanght continuously 
18(K». Ho bos been county supeiluteudent of schools for 




twelve years, dnring which time he has resided at Rush 
Mr. Eddy was married to Frances Cowley, al Taylor's Fall^^ 
Sept, 30. 1868. Mrs. Eddy died June, 1881. He was marriwl 
to Anna R. Olmatead, July 25, 1SS3, at Arcadia, New York. 

Ferdisajnd Sweedorff Cheistianson was boru in Copen- 
hagen, Denmark, April 18, 1837; came to the United States in 
186(), to ^linnesota in 1868, and to Chisago eonnty in 1870. Ho h 
was married to Selma A. Willard, at Red Wing, Minnesota, Dec | 
12, 1S69. He represented Chisago county in the 1egt>Uatare of 
1878. He was assistant secretary of state from 1880 to 1882. In 
1882 be established the Bash City Bank. In 1883 he was ap- 
pointed memlier of the Htat« lioanl of e^inalization, and in 1885 
was one of the committee for selecting a location for the Thi 
Hospital for the Insane. ' 


Comprises all of the territory of township 34, range 19. exoes\ 
ing the plat of Taylor's Falls, and fractional sections in th4 
northeast comer of the township. It was at first heavily tim- 
bered with hardwood, interspersed with marshes and meadows. 
The soil is good. Lawrence and Dry crocks drain the greater 
part of the township. It is now well settled, and has many fine 
forma. A Swedish colony settled here in 1853, consisting of 
Peter Wyckland, Andros Anderson, Eric Bylaud, Tuver Wal- 
marsou, and others. The town organized first as Taylor's Falls, 
but the name was changed to Shafer in 1S73. John G. Pet«tson, 
John Nelson and John Carlson were the first supervisors. The 
first school was taught by Ella Wyc;koff, in the Marshall distrit 
in 1859. The first marriage was that of Peter Abear to Kitti< 
Wickland. The branch 8L Paul & Dulnth railroad possesl 
through the southern part of this township. The township con* 
tributed to this roa<l $3,lHK) in bonds. A railroad station in the 
southwest quarter of section 32 bears the name of Sbftfer, de- 
rived, together with the name of the township, from 

Jacob SnAJ'EB, who, as early as 1847, cut hay in sectJons 4 ^ 
and 6. He seems to have been in no sense worthy of the honor -~. 
conferred upon him, as bo was but a transient inhabitant^ andJI 
disappeared in 1849. No one knows of bis subsequent career.— 
The honor ought to have been given to some of the bardy^^ 
Swedes, who were the fii-st real pioneers, and the first to mak^S 
BUbstantial imprpvemeuts. 




p£TEA WiCKLAND Came from Sweden in 1853, and settled in 
tile northeast qnarter of 8ection26. He moved toAnoka in I860, 
^Od was drowned in Ram river in 1880. His son Pe^ is a 
Pi\>minent merchant in Anoka. 

Titter Walmabson was bom in Sweden in 1812. He was a 

Aiember of the Swedish colony of 1853, settled in the northwest 

quarter of section 26. Mr. and Mrs. Walmarson reared ^ fine 

family of children. Nelson Tnver 'Walmarson, the eldest son, 

ioiierits the indqstry and frngality of both parents. By hard 

work and close attention to business the family has prospered 


J^JSTDBOB Andebson came also from Sweden in 1853 and set- 
tlecl in the east half of the northeast qaarter of section 34. Mr. 
AndeisoD moved to Taylor's Falls in 1859 and died there in 1873. 
He left bnt one child, the wife of Daniel Fredine, of Shafer. 
^x*. Anderson was a born humorist and fond of practical jokes. 
(^ one occasion his ready wit was exercised at the ezx)en8e of a 
u&zx to whom he had mortg^ed his iarm. Deeming the house 
in Trhich he lived his own, in the absence of the mortga- 
gee lie removed it to Taylor's Falls. The mortgagee, E. \V. 
Holxnan, told him that he had stolen the house and must replace 
it. Anderson told Holman to take the house and replace it 
tU^xnself, but if he took his (Anderson's) family along with it 
he 'Would have him sent to the penitentiary. Mr. Holman did 
not. see his way clear and the house was not disturbed. 

Kric Bylaxd, another of the Swedish colony, settled in the 
ve&t half of the southeast qaarter of section 23. In 1860 he sold 
oat and moved further west. The farm he left is now owned by 
John Nelson and is one of the finest farms in Chisago county. 

Jacob Petekson was bom in 1847 and came with his parents 

to Chisago county in 1854. They located on a beautiful spot in 

Franconia, on the shore of a small lake, where they made a 

farm and where Jacob passed his boyhood and youth. In 1881 

I he commenced business at Shafer station a.s a merchant and 

I dealer in wood. He was the first postmaster at Shafer. He 

I was married in 1881 to Mary Heline. 

ft Ambrose C. Seavey was born in Maehias, Maine, in 1824; 

■ w&g married to Elizal^eth Ayers. in Cniwford, Maine, in 1846, 
- » and came to St. Croix Falls in 1S4S. In 1852 he removed to Tay- 
■'1 lor's Falls, and opened the first bljicksmith shop. He was absent 



two years in Colorado, ami whni ht* retnrneil settled on a £ai 
In the town of Shafer. He has a family of four sons aud 


The town of Sucrise includea the two eastern tiers of sectioDsa: 
of township 36, range 21, one whole and eight fractional sectlo 
of township 3B, rnnge 20, aud all of townnliip 35, range 20, ex- 
cept the two eastern tiers of sections. It is well watered by tha 
St Croix and Sunrise rivers and their tribntaries. The latter rirer 
rises in ^Vashiugton county, having for its principal source Fo 
est lake, and Hows through the town in a northerly direction int 
the St. Croix. It has three considerable tributaries from th 
west kiiowuasTCoHh, Middle and South branchC'S. St. Croix rir 
haS; as tributary, Goose creek, which flows through the nort 
part of the town. The soil varies from a rich saudy loam to 
sandy soil. The town contains many fine farms. The old go 
eminent road froni Point Douglas to Superior passes throu 
the town. 

Sunrise was incorporated as a town Oct. 26, 1S5S; Isaac 
Farmenter, David Lovejoy and A- C. Mattisou, supervisors. — - 

post oflSce was established in 1856; George S. Frosty xxwtmastc ^ ' '^" 

The first marriage was that of Robert Keasell aud Kate Torbe! 
by J. D. Wilcox, Esq. The first child born was Joshna Tayl 
Gallaspie. The firstdeath was of au unknown man who died fro 
the kick of a horHe. Wm. Holmra, the first settler, located 
Suurise prairie in 1853, aud rained crops on fiJteen acre« tfa^ 
year. John A. Brown and Patten 'W. Davis cultivatwl thirty 
five acres the same year on Sunrise prairie. Messrs. Brown, Da 
and Ingalls made a wagon road fVom Sunrise to St. Paul in 1 
John A. Brown, in the same year, built a hot^-l and open 
store. The hotel was bnilt of logs, the store was a frame, t 
first erected in Snnrlse. In 1855 he built a saw mlU, His hoi 
was burned in 1S56. These buildings were the nuclens of 
rise village. 


"Was platted July, iBTil, in the north half of the north 
quarter of section 8, and the west half of the southwest quart 
and the northeast quarter of the southeast quarter of secti<' 
4, and the southeast quarter of the southwest quarter of 







^ioB 9, all of township 3, range 20. The proprietors were 

^ohn A. Brown, J. S. Caldwell and C. L. ■Willis; surveyor, W. 

f*. Duffy. It contains a first class roller floar mill, a saw mill, 

botH owned by Caspar Spirac, two stores, a school house and 

several shops and dwellings. In 1857 a colony from Western 

Xew York settled in and around Sunrise village. TheWilcoxes, 

Willcee, Collins, Gwynne, Smith, and others were of this c«lony. 

TIi^ village has suffered greatly from fires. The buildings lost 

at -v&Tioos times were one flonring mill, valned at 910,000, 

foa.r- liotels and several private dwellings. The flouring mill 

weus 'the property of Mrs. J. G. Mold. Two lives were lost at 

the bnrning of the mill. 

Xn the foil of 1862, immediately after the Sioux outbreak, and 
irliile considerable apprehension was felt as to the attitude of the 
Clxippewas toward the white settlers, a company of volunteers 
under Capt. Anderson was stationed at Sunrise. This company 
bixllti temporary quarters of logs, and were very comfortably 
ftjced during the winter. They Had presumably a very good 
time, but rei>elled no savage foes. 


Is locat«d in the west half of section 32, township 35, range 20. 

It lias a first class roller flonring mill, owned by Ferdinand A. 

HLost, erected in 1883 at a cost of *13,000, and a saw mill, also 

O'vrzied by F. A. Kost, erected the same year. It has two stores, 

a xkvmber of shops and dwellings and a post office, established 

in 1884, of which F. A. Kost is postmaster. 


Was platted March, 1856, by Benj. Dinsmore, surveyor, in the 
northwest quarter of section 2, and the west half of the north- 
east quarter of section 2, township 36, range 21. The proprie- 
tors were James Starkey, Charles S. Patteys. iliehael E. Ames, 
Isaac Van Etten, and Moses Sherburne. It makes a fair farm. 


^'as platted in 1856, in the southeast quarter of the northeast 
qoarter and the northeast quarter of the southeast quarter of 
section 1, township 36, range 20: C. C. P. Myer, proprietor. It 
i* still a brush and swamp plat. 




Wa» platted July, 1S57. H. H. Newbury, Hiirveyor, od lots 6 uitE:^ '^ 
7 of section 33, and lot 5 iu section 34, township 31, niuge 20. ^3). 
Proprietore, X. F. Taylor, W. H. C. Folsom, L. K. .Stftnuant»-3d 
and N. C. D. Taylor. It has ma«le two fair farms. 


Was platted AngustU856, W. F. Duffy, Burveyor, in tlic soatlr:«"=::tli 
half of section 35, township 35, range 21. Proprietors, Jamett=^3ne. 
Y. Caldwell and L. C. Kiuuey. On this site the Starkey IndiaLr^^A^K^ 
battle was fonght 

John A. Brown. — Mr. Brown, a native of Pennsylraniii 
came to Sunrise in 1**53, and was for awhile quite prominent 
building a store, hotel and other buildings. In 1855 he was mai 
ried to Kuieline Hartwell. He prospered In business, but owint 
to some domestic difilcolties, in 1857 left suddenly for parts ui 
known. His property was sacrificed to meet obligatiooa, an* ^^^d 
his wife left helpless. Mre. Brown died in Minneapolis in ISfiCZ^*^^*- 

Patten W. Davis was a native of Virginia. He came 
Stillwater in 1848, and soon after removed to Osceola 3Iilli 
where he lived two yeara. In 1853 he removed to Sunrise, 
was associated in business for two years with John A. Broi 
He has held the positions of postmaster, town clerk, trensure 
county commissioner, supervisor, and assessor. In 1876 he 
ried a Virginia lady, and returned to his native state.' 

Ja»&s F. Harvey was bom in 1820, in Penobscot conn*— 
Maine. He came West in 1817 and settled at Marine Milts. 
1854 he removed to Sunrise and located iu the northeast qut 
of section 14, township 36, range 21. at what was known as 
Creek crossing. His first wife, whom he had married in M«ii 
died shortly after their arrival at Sunrise, leaving one daaghl 
Maria, wife of Leonard Clark, of Stillwater. Mr. Harvey n^^ 
married In 1856 to widow Patience Knight, the mother of M 
Floyd a Bates, Albert &, and Frank E., of Taylor's Falls, a. 
Ella Medora Harvey, wife of J. A. Shores, of Minneapolis. V- 
Harvey died at his home in 1S&4. Mrs. Harvey died at Taylo 
Falls in 1871. 

Floyd 8. Bates, originally from Maine, has lieen since U 
a prominent lumberman on the SL Croix, living first at Sam 




and in later years at Taylor's Falls. He owns an extensive farm 
in Osuas ooanty, Dakota. Of his three brotliers, E. Hines resides 
in rFaylor's Falls, and J. Herrick and Charles in Dakota Terri- 

Is^AC H. Wabneb was bom in Kew York in 1830, was mar- 
ried in 1852 and came to Snnrise in 1854, where he followed 
fiuraoinf; and selling goods. He has served as postmaster, jostice 
of tilie peace and held other positions. He has three children. 
!^is eldest, a daughter, wife of Samnel McOure, a Inmberman 
of Sanrise^ died February, 1885. Mr. Warner removed to Da- 
kota in 1883. 

CffTART.Eft F. Lowe was born in 1815 in Concord, New Hamp- 
alure, received a collegiate education and came to Snnrise in 
182V%. He interested himself in real estate but devoted about 
one-lialf of his time to travel, of which he was passionately 
fond^ He made one trip around the globe, writing back inter- 
eetii.X2g letters descriptive of what he had. seen. He made his 
Iast> umnal tour in 1873, and, while sailing in a small boat in 
soxacK.e of the waters of Florida, the boat was struck by a squall, 
cckx>eized and Mr. Lowe was drowned. Mr. Lowe was a member 
of ^he Minnesota constitntional convention. 

'^VsLUi Fabb came from New York State to Snnrise prairie in 

X834, where he has since lived in a comfortable home, a success- 

fixl farmer. He has a fomily of four sons and two daughters. 

Jtiis oldest daughter is the wife of Ephraim C. Ingalls. His sec- 

oucf daughter is the wife of Frank Dawson, of Lent. Mr. Farr 

died in March, 1888. 

John G. Mold came to Sunrise in 1854, where he engaged in 
milling, hotel keeping and mercantile business. He was the 
prcprietor of the Sunrise City mills, since burned. He die<l in 
1873, aged fifty years, leaving a widow, two sons and two daugh- 

George L. Blood, during his early life, was a seafaring man, 
spending many years upon the ocean, and visiting during this 
time many foreign ports, keeping a daily record of his jour- 
neyings. Mr. Blood had learned the trade of house joiner, but 
coming to Sunrise in 1S54, attempted farming, at which he was 
"Ot snceessful. In 1864 he removed to Taylor's Falls, where he 
*lie^ in 1869. His life was an exemplary one, and his death 
*lis\tof a Christian. His family returned to their old home in 
^oiiDecticnt. His two sons reside in St. Paul. 



Joel G. Rydeb came from New York to the St, Croix and set- 
tled iu tlie towu of Saurise, uear the villflge, abont the year 1855. 
He was eaergelic aud able, and wau called to fill many tovn and 
couuty offices. Hi; was a represeutative iu the filteoDlh 81 
legiHtatnre. la 1860 he was married to Lizzie Perkins. 

John Dean was born in 18 — ; was married to Mary Draper i 
1800; came to Minnesota iu 18—; served sometime ae river pilot, 
and settled on bis farm near Saurise City iu 1860. Mr. Dean rep 
resented his district in the hoase of the twenty-first and twenty 
second legislatures. 


The village of Taylor's Falls was platted in 1851, a survey 
lote having been made at that time by Theodore S. Parker, 
Stillwater. Additions were made from time to time as the t 
creasing population demandeil. A year before t-he anrvey 
frame Imilding was erected on what was subsequently the no 
west corner of River and First streets. In 1851 and 1852 so 
streets were opened, bat with considerable difficulty, ou acco 
of the trap rock, which to be removed required blasting. Bo 
dere that conld not be removed were buried. The work of cntti 
a street to the upper steamboat landing was specially diffioi 
There were no roads to the village, and the only means of trar 
was by steamboat, bateaux, or birch bark canoes, until the 
enunent road was opened sometime in 1856. A post office w 
established in March, 1S51, and a weekly mail was ordered ft 
Stillwater. Prior to this time a semi-monthly mail had been 
ried between the points named. Of the office established in II 
N". C. D. Taylor was first postmaster. The office wa-s iu W. H. 
Folsom's store^ Folsom acting as deputy postmaster. The si 
cessorH of Mr. Taylor have been, Porter E. Walker, Edward 
Wyman, Thomas Holmets Oscar Roos, George W. Seymour, %' 
K M. Humphrey; not a longlist for thirty-five years. Thelocoti 
of tbeoffloewaHchangedwitheachsuccessveincambent. The nu 
carrier in 1851 was the Hon. Warren Bristol, since then four til 
« representative and senator from Goodhue county iu the 
legislature- and United States judge iu Ari^eona. The mail 
vice has passed chrongh all the gradations from a semi niont) 
to a semi-dailj' mail. The mail has been carried in canoM 
bateaux, on foot, on horseback, ou steamboat and rail 
It is now carried by rail. Of the Baker & Taylor mill an 




^not has been given elsewhere. The next mill, a grist mill, was 

ftailt by X. C. 1). Taylor, \V. H. C. FoLsom and the Day hroth- 

ers« IU1832. It w:ifist?vt'ral years laterrcmoddeJaiidcluiuKCtl into 

a <3».r(liug mill, and i» now the propi^rty of Jouad Gray. Kiuf^- 

mf^TT BroUierH Imilt n wiw mill in I8>i7, \nt<h a capacity or 12^000 

fe^C; pvr day. Several parties Hiicceeded to the owneriibip and 

«»«»txx>l of the mill, bat. after doing goodBervice for many years, 

, Jt ^wsm abaadoned. Clark Brothers built a lumber and stave mill 

[ilk 3.£t68. After t«a years tlxis mill was removed. 

first merchant wa8 Daniel Mears, who boM goods as early 
3.648. W. H. C. Fohiom opened a store in ISTiO; Taylor & 
[yoac in 1652. The Chisago Houtuu was built by Thomson & 
't^w«.lth in 1852, on the corner of Bench and First streets. In 
t_^70the name wsta changed to Dalles Flense. It has changed 
l£».s=B.<31orilfi many times, the last being Henry Kattenberg. The 
C^^B ■ mrtr House was built iu 1853, on the corner of Walnnt 
jfci-p^l, Bi^DCti stret^ by Richard Arnold. It is no louger oscd. 
•;S*l2« Falls HouAe was bnilt in 1870, on Bench street near Walnut, 
13^ BniHtns Guard, and converted into a hotel in 1SS<>, with 
1i<rnry Kattenberg as proprietor, by whom it was conducted as 
ch «>«mperance boose. It is now in charge of Eugene Fitzgerald. 
The fint physician was Lucius B. Smith. Susan Thomson 
v«fc.Tii[lit the first school. The first marriage was that of Charles 
!>. Tnmey and Cecilia Ring, Ausel Smith, justice of the peace, 
tyipg the kuot. Wm. Colby wafs the &ni while child born in 
the village. The first death was that of a three-year-old daugh- 
tar of Ansel Smith, in IS52. Rev. W. T. Boutwell preached 
thv firet tfermoQ, in 1861. In 1852 three young Episcopal minis- 
ters, Bera. Breek, Myrick and Wilcoxson, alternated in holding 
.ftervices^ bat did Qot organize a society. Rev. Julius S. Webber. 
'Bmptict, preached occasioually in 1852 and 1S53 ; Rev. AV. Miner, 
Cougregationalist, in 1866 and 1857 became the first resident min- 
Iti^er. In Ai>ril, 1859, R<>v. Siliw Bolles, a Methodist, organizefl 
a »<jdely, the ftret in the village. In June, 1859, Rev. A. M. 
Xorbet organizeil a Baptist society and served as pastor four 
yoaiK The society built a church in 1S61 at a oobt of 93.000. 

tnlSfiO the Swedish Evangelical Luthei'ans built a church on the 
oomer of Mulberry and Goverumeut streets, at> a cost of f 1,500. 
Bev. C A Ct-darstam was pastor in 1871-72-73, Rev. — Toruell 
tltc thn» ifliccccditig years, and three other pastors have served 



since. lu 1866 Bev. John G. Hall orgHuizefl a Preabjlfrian 
society, and built a church in 1SG.S, on the corner of Hiver and 
Chisago streeto, at a cost of 91,500. Mr. Hall served as pastor 
fonr yean*. The Roman Catholics erected a church on the cor- 
ner of Walnut and Centre ati-eets in 1873, at a cost of 91,000. 
They have as yet no settled priest or parish school. 

The St. Croix Bridge Company was orgauized in 18W. The 
incorporators were VT. H. 0. Folsom, Patrick Fox, Joshaii L. 
Taylor, W. 8. Hungcrford, Wm. Kent. Nelson McC-arty, John 
Dobney, W. F. Colby, Orange Walker. Fred W. Lammers, and 
N.C. D. Taylor. The bridge wa* built in 1S56: W. S. Sewall, 
St. PanI, was the engineer. The capital stock amounted to 
^,925, and was divided into 197 shares at 925 each. The brid^ 
was rebnilt in 1870, on the same plan, and in 1881 was replaced 
by an iron bridge, at a cost of 96,253. The bridge has a span 
of 150 feet aud is a light and graceful structure. It was the first 
bridge that spanned the St. Croix and MisBissippi rivers. 

The Chisago County Bank was organized in 1858. nnder the 
state banking law; capital stock, 925,000; Levi W. Folsom, 
president; S. C. Gonld. cashier. It was closed in 1859. 

The Taylor's Falls Copper Mining Company was organized 
Dec 16, 1874; W. H. C. Folsom, president; George U'. Seymour, 
secretary; L. W. Folsom, treasurer; D. A. Caneday. mining a^eot. 
The operations of this company extended to sinking a shalt to 
a depth of one huudix'd aud thirty feet. 

The Kahliakoug Cemetery Association was oi^anized in 1853. 
The first boai-d of officers wen- W. H. C. Folaom, president ; 
Joshua I*. Taylor, secretary. The a?raetery is locateil a mile 
and a half from the village and contains fifteen acres of groand 
beautifuHy located. 

Zion liOdge, No. 55. A. F. &. A. M., was organized March 3, 
1866. Sherman Post, No. 6, G. A. R., was organized in July, 
18S2, Caspar Hauser, commander. Taylor's Falls Library As- 
sociation was organized Oct. 8, 1871, R D. Whiting, president; 
J. A. McGowan, secretary. Within two years the library nam- 
bcred 1,000 volumes and since tbat time the numl>er has been 
increased to 1,500. 

In 1S58 the village of Taylor's Falls was regnlarly inoorpo 
rated with the following boanl of <4ieci»: Trusts**. Patrick 
Fox, president; W. H. C FoIsob " I). A\ .. W. Fol- 

som; recorder, IL H. Xewbury; r, ' or. 



The last Indian dance in Taylor's Falls was given by a party 
of Chippewas in 1856. They had come down the St. Croix in 
birch canoee with furs and cranberries to exchange with Sam- 
uels in St. Gi'oix Tillage for **scootawabo," or whisky. They re- 
mained abont a week, drinking and carousing in their peculiar 
style. One Sabbath, and when, for a wonder, they w^ere qaite 
sober, they visited Taylor's Falls and gave a series of grotesque 
and laughable dances in the street, opposite Folsom's store, af- 
ter which they called for presents as tokens of friendship and 
ftppreciation, kindly and gravely shook hands and recrossed the 

"Thns departed Huiwatha." 





Jesse Tatlob, the first permanent settler of Taylor's Fa^Vl^* 
came to the Falls in 1838, as narrated in the general historj"^"^ *^* 
the village. Xothing is kuowTi of his life before coming to ^C^ti® 
Falls, except that he was originally from Kentucky, and ll^^'^^^ 
at Foii Snelling, where he was employed as a htouomason. Il-'--*^ 
the death of his aAsociatu, B. F. Baker, he cnuie into poee*-*^^** 
sion of the mill projwrty and ita belongings. This he sold. "** 
Joshua L. Taylor in IS-IS, aud removed to Stillwater, whtre ^*** 
took a contract for stone work on the prison walls. His na^t^^'-^ 
appears as a member of the house from Stillwater in the tec^''^^' 
torial legislature for 1851 and 1S52. He was married in 1^^ "** 
Abigail, daughtt^r of widow Edwards, of Stillwater, lie B^^t^* 
Stillwat«r in 1^53. 

JoBHUA L. TAYrx>R was born in Sanbomton, New HampohL -*-"*' 
in 1816. In 1836 he removed to Alton, Illinois, where he Uf^ ^ 
until 1840, when he came to Taylor's Falls in the employ of ^:>** 
St. Croix Falls Lnmber Company. In 1846 he purchased ^K^'^' 
property of Jesse Taylor. He engaged in logging until 18s— -^~fj 
nieauwhile pre-empting portions of the site of Taylor's 
In the tall of lS4d he went to California, and was fairly sa 
ful in his mining ventures. He returned to Taylor's Falls 
1852, where he has sinw resided. He was married in Ovto 
1856, at Skowhegan, Maine, to Clarinda Wyman. Mra. Tay ■^^*"' 
died May 4, 1860, leaving no children. Mr. Tuylor built a ^— ~* 
rtvtideuce in 1856, on block 1, KLver street, Taylor's Falhi, oi»^^*°' 
muuding a beautifVil view of the river. Mrs. Gilmore, a eisA* "*'' 
uf Mr. Taylor, and her daughter Mary, lived with him m»n '^■'' 




rett*^ ^TrR Gilmoro dipd in IS6-S. Mary Gilmore wiw ninrriod 
/o X>. G. SajupaoD in ISSl and now liveA in ABbland. Mr, Taylor 
2]A«X niftny opportonities of entering public life, but, with a 
jBoli-^Aiy exception, dL-cIined them. At the organisation of the 
(lexrc^tory of ^uucaota, in lSi9, be vras appointed United States 
g^xg^^y^^faal, but declined. He was afterwnrd appoinlcd warden of 
^2x«? ])4'iiit('utiar}' at Stillwater, sind sc^n'cd two years. 

~^>.\Tii\s V. D. T^Yi/JK, elder brother of .ToAbnrL, was bom in 

Oc fc,»aboroUiD, New Hampshire, in ISIO; remored to Alton, niinois, 

4.XX IXii and was for several years in t\\f employ of Godfrey, Gil- 

lOttSjMi & Co., merohautH of Alton. Mr. Taylor cnmc to St. Croix 

S^skJlsiii 1$46. Ho WAS one of the original pre omptorsof thesite 

of Taylor's Falls. In 1852 he engaged with Patrick Fox in the 

XEkorcaatile biuuuefis. They carried on an extensive trade in 

eoods and logs until 1858. The firm of Taylor & Fox erected a 

^o«d jiton^ building on lot 16, block 15. He was a member of 

tilt" hoose in thit fifth and Heventh territrorial le-gislatures, and 

^jM-akcr of the fifth. In liHiQ he was elected county trejwarer 

«*f (Ihisttgo county, and thereallerto the same office oontinnously 

for ten yearn. Mr. Taylor never married. He died at Taylor's 

KnlU. Jfarch 20. 18S7. 

Thomas F. Moeton waaboni in Sonth Carolina. He came to 

St. Croix FallH in 1840. In 1850 he Beltle<1 on a farm adjoining 

"^ -lor"* Fnllji, known a« the.ferry Ross claim, lie pre-empted 

southwest- qnart-or of section 25. In 1853 he was married to 

ilrsu Margaret Boyoe, hi* second wife, mother of Silas Boyce, of 

'^.mador. He followed farming successfully n few years, and in 

XSG2 enlisted in his country's service, as a pritate in Company 

0» Stvcntb Minnesota Volnnt^^er Infantry, and along with his 

T" . t-nds CoUiy and Guard did noble service, partiripating in 

. «nl battles, in one of which, the battle of Nashville, he was 

'wrovnded by the bursting of a shell. He remained with the 

r^icinient, bowerer, until, disabled by his wound and by sick* 

ncflh at the siege of Spanish Fort, he was compelled to return 

Konc He never recovered his health, but in 1867 peacefully 

ptt««d aw&T. Ho was a good mau, a brave soldier, and an cx- 

Mcapbry Christian. 

Il£!CKY N: Setzeh. — Mr. Betzer is a descendant of a Xorth 
Ornnan fitmily. He was born in Montgomery county, Missouri, 
Oct. €^ ItrJ5f aud received his education at home^ which he 



left' <vt the age of foarteen years, and aft«nrard at St. Charles 
College, Missoari. In 1843 Mr. Setzer came to the St. Croix val- 
ley, where ho engaged in lambering for himself and others, and 
devoted some time to pnblic atfaire. From 1843 to 1S54 he re- 
sided alternately at Stillwater, ^larine, Taylor's Falls and 
Chengn-ataua. Mr. Setzer represented the Fourth dtstric-t. iu- 
cloding Mariuct Rush I^kt:, Rict? River and Suuke River pre- 
cincts, in the hoiiM of the first territorial legislature, &nd the 
First district, including the counties of Washington, Itasca, 
Chisago, Superior and Doty, in the connciJ of the seveuth aud 
eighth territorial legif<laturc«. He was a member of the Dem( 
oratic wing of the constitutional couvcntion in 1857. la isr>7 
was appointed warden of the state prisou at Stillwater, which po- 
sition he held until IWH), when he was apixiinted register of tl 
land office at Cambridge, Isanti county, lie held this positioi 
until April, ISCl, Having devoted his leisure time to the study < 
law, and having been admitted to practice in the supreme cooi 
ofKiunesota, he concluded to devote hinuK;lf entindy to prat 
tice. He established a law office in Taylor's Falls with L. K^^ 
Stannard. He removed to Suiwrior City in 1869, Co Duluth ^^^ 
1874, and returned to Taylor's Fiill« in 1877. He has served. ^^ 
town and oonuty ^torney ioGhlsago county for many years, ^^^* 
has an extensive practice in the higher courts. ^ 

Patrick Fox was boru in Tipperary Qouuty, Ireland, \a \Si^ «j. 
came with his parents to America in 1823, and t>o Darenpox^' 
Iowa, in 1836. In 1841 ho (^me to St. Croix Falls, where ^^ 
lived three years, moving thenneto Stillwater, where heenga^^j 
in logging nntil 4851, when he removed to Taylor's Falls aud ^q. 
gaged in lumbering for a year, then entered into a morcant:- JI« 
partnership with N. O. D. Taylor. The firm closed bnsinwa. in 
1858. Mj. Fox has been a public spirited citizen, coulrihut.i 
freely of Ms means tor the improvement of the village, aidiug; ja 
opening roads, building levees and bridges, and school h( 
before such euterprists could 1>e paid for out of tax revenue 
Ur. Fox represented Chisago county in the seoond leglslati 
1860. Mr. Fox is a good neighbor, indnstrioos and lem] 
He was married at Davenport', Iowa, to Elisabeth Biley. Tfae; 
have three sous aud two daughters. The eldest daughter is tlu 
wife of Clarence Pcaalee; the second daughter became the irifa 
of Winfield P. lorcy, of Dakota, in 1886. 



W. F. COLBT was born in Whitefield^ Maine, June 12, 1818. 
In his enrly life he was a sailor. He came to St. Croix Fall» in 
1843. He was married to Salina De Attly in 1849, and removed 
to the west side of the river, where he located on the Otis farm 
whiqh he had previously bought. He followed lumbering and 
farming and kept a lodging house for travelers. He built a good 
Jiouse, and the first frame baru iu Chisago coaaty. He sold his 
property, eoiiaistiug of one hundred and sixty acres aud improve- 
mcute, for *8,000. In 1862 Mr. Colby enlisted in Company C, 
f^venth Minnesota Volunteer Infantry, and ser^'^ed until the close 
of the war as sergeant. Mr. Colby is a bluff, .square, ouLspoken 
-m'\", hearty iu his manner, and somewhat sailor-like in his 
^xpressious though almost a lifetime has passed since he trod 
the deck of a vessel. 

080AK KooB was born in West Gothland^ Sweden, iu 1827. 
HHe came to America in 1650, and located in Taylor's Falls^ 
^-where he has aiuce resided eontinuonaly, taking an active part 
:^n public affairs, and a deep intereHt in everything pertaining to 
"Vhe growth of the village and county. Mr. Roo« was postmaster 
^Bt Taylor's Palls K years, register of deeds 8 years, register of 
"^tbe land office 5 years, and county treasurer S years. He is en- 
.^gaged in exchange, loaning money, etc., and has a branch 
^office in Centre City. He was married to Hannah Swanstrom 

^n isro. 

Samuel Thomson, a Pennsylvanian by birth, came to Taylor's 
^IValls in 1851. and in company with Ansel Smith built the Chisago 
Zfionse, a notable enterprise at that time, as neither the reaonroes 
^:jf the villageor snri-ouudiug country had been developed in snoh 
^3 way as to give auy assurance of success. Mr. Thomson re- 
:^uovecl in 1854 to Polk county, aud settled ou a farm iu Osceola, 
"^rhere he made himself an attractive and pleasant home. His 
Curm has long been celebrated for its trout pond. Mr. Thomsou 
^ftias given much attention and been quite snccessfnl in fish cul- 
*;nre. The farm was sold in 1885. and Mr. Thompson removed 
^jo Arkaasas, where ho died Kov. 5, 1886. 

Scban Thomson, sister of Samuel Thomson, taught the firat 
achuut in Tjiylor's Falls, in 1852. She had just come from Penn- 
sylvania, and hail traveletl on horsebiick from Stillwater, there 
bieing no carriage roads above Marine. She was married to 
Daniel Meare, of Osoeola, in 1852. 




George De Attly, a native of Virginia, canio to 8f. Croix 
Falls with his family in 1S47, and nuuoved to Taylor's Falls in 
1851, locating in section 25, uud making a pre-emption. Ue was 
a carpentrer. He raised a large nntl respected ^niily. One son 
is in the Black Hills, Dakota Territory. His oldest danghtcr is 
the wife of Wm. F. C/olby, of Taylor's Falls. His second daugh- 
ter was the widow of Jacob Mnrkley. His third daughter is 
the wife of Alvah Brown. One sou, George, resides in Taylor's 
Falls. Mr, De Attly died iu Nebraska. 

Jacob Mabkley came from Virginia to the St. Croix valley 
in 1S47, settling first at St. Croix Falls, ajid in 1851 locating at 
Taylor's Falls, where he pre-empted the northeast qoartcr of the 
noitheast quarter of section 2-1. He went to Montana iu 1S69, 
where he died a tragic death. His widow and two children 
side in the Black Hills, Dnkuta. 

John Dobney wha born iu England in 1820; came to Am«ri 
when a child, to Stillwater in 1&I5, and to Taylor's Falls in 1852. 
He followed logging for many years, and niaile himself a pcmia 
nent home on a farm in Anuulor, on the Imnks of the St. Croi 
riretTf in 1S58. He was married to Ereline Page, in Michigan, i 

William Dobney, younger brother of John, came to Taylor* 
Falls from Michigan in 1852, and engaged, with characteristic en 
ergy, in lumbering and selling goods until his death, which 




the result of an accident, he having been thrown violently frunx 
a wagon which he was driving, in the spring of 1871. He wa* 
married In 1855 to Fanny M. Gray, who with two children snr- 
vives him. The oldest, a son, is married and resides in Minne- 
ai>oUs. The daughter is the wife of Dr. Greely Mnrdock, of 
Taylor's Falls. 

Henry H. Newbury came to St. Croix Falls in 1819. and to 
Taylor's Falh» iu 1862. Mr. Xewbury is a practloal surveyor 
and explorer. He served as county surveyor and comnussioner 
many years. He was married first to Sarah Ayers, widow of K 
B. St. Clair, who died in 1874. In 1880 he was married to Ftony 
M. Gray, widow of M'm. Dobney. 

BuiL MVNCH was bom in Proasia iu 1831; came to America 
in 1849, and to Taylor's Falls iu 1852, where, until 1867, he 
•worked at the carpenter's trade, when he removed to Cheng- 
iratana, Pine county, aud engaged in lumbering uid dealing (o 



pine Uod«. He served as rcj!:ister of deeds Id Piue comity, and 
reprceeoted "VTaabiugtou, Clasago, Pine aud Kaua1)ec counties 
Id the liotute of tbo thinl Ivgihiature in 1861. Ht^ enliHt«<l at 
FortBoelling, Minnesota, Oct. 16, 1861, as a private in the First 
inoeeotA Ilattery, and wiis chosen captain on the foHowing 
uth; vas wounded at Hhiloti, April 5, 1862; retnrne<l to his 
battery in September of the same year, took part in ibe battle of 
Corintb, October 4th and 5th, and iu Ibe after cami)ai^ was 
mppiiiutiMl chief of artillery, in Ocfcolwr, 1862, and from effwte 
of c.xpo«tare on the march wa» forced to resign in the December 
following, but, again entered the service to fight the Sioux 
Indians on the Minnesota trontier iu May, June and July. 1863^ 
He entered the Veterarf Reserve Corps iu August, 1863. At the 
cIoAf of the war, in 1S65, ho settled in St. Paul and acted aa 
deputy state treaaurer. In 1868 he vrafi elected state treasurer 
and held the office until 1872. Mr. Munch lost most of his prop- 
erty io a long litigation, in cuniieiiuenc« of Home nnfortunate 
ventures in bnying pine lands. Subsequent to his t-erm of office 
OM stato treoBurer he removed to Lakeland and engaged in the 
lumber business. In 1875 he removed to Aflon where he took 
cluki^ of a douriug milL He was married in 1865 to Bertha 
&cigar. He <lied Ang. 3(), 1887. 

Ajlvin Mason Wilmakth, — Mr. Wilmarth came from Massa- 
^Tfansetts to the rtdley of the St. Croix in 1849, and to Taylor's 
;pk)Ls in 1852. He has followed lumbering aud farming. Mr. 
'Wllniartfa in a steady, teut|>emt«! man. 

Luoms KixasauBT Stj^nmard woh l)orn iu Franklin county, 

"Vermont^ July 6, 1825. He had gi>od educational advantages and 

S&iproveil (hem. n« conipletwl hia literary course at Barkers- 

0e\A Academic InMitnte, Vermont, aiterward studied law at 

AltHins. and vrm admitted to the bar in 1850. In 1852 he 

West and located at Taylor's Falls, where for some years 

charge of the business of Taylor & Fox. In 1857 he 

member of the t4»rritorial leginlature, representing iu the 

lionse the counties of Washington, Itasca, Chisago, Superior, 

an<l Dory. He was a member of the Republican wing of the 

comcitutional convention of 1857. He represented Chisago, 

Pi ne and Isauti counties iu the state senate of 1859-60. He was 

A JUember of the house of tha thirteenth legislature, 1871, rep- 

rJWnming Washington, Chisago, Pine and KanalMic counties. 



He held the iiofiitjoa of receiver in the Uoited State UaA oifiee 
atTaylor't^ Falls fi-um 1S61 t4> 1870. He was th/b filSt lB«7er 
adiuitt«d tn pracdce in the coaits of Chisago county- He irss 
aflsooiat«d in his law practice for several years with H. N. Set- 
zer. He has served as prosecuting attorney and probate jndge. 
Ho served several years as connty surveyor. Ue has. In later 
years, been engaged in the lamberiugand mercantile bosineaa, iu 
the firm of Ellison & Stauuanl. Iu October, 1S&4, he was ap- 
point4Hl register in the land office, which positiou he now holds. 
Mr. Stannard has a very pleasant home within the village Ura- 
itSr bnt some distance beyond the settled portion. He is s man 
of Boond judgment, of grave and almost severe demeanor, out- 
spoken and positive in his views, but x^ithol a reliable citizen 
and kind neighbor. He was married In 1838 to Harriet Ste- 
venson, in St. Lonia. They have one son, Lnke. 

James W. Muu-en waa born iu Nova Sootia in 1830. He 
came to Davenport, Iowa, in 1B43. He commenced life on a 
steamboat at the age of fourteen years. He waH employed 
the steamer Boreas, plying between St. Louis and Keokuk, 
followed river life most of the time nutJI 1878. In 1885 he built 
the Viii<w>nt House, St. Groix. Taylor's Falls has been his home at_ 
din'erent timfis since his uuu-riage iu 1854. He was married N 
Margaret Biley, of Davenport, Iowa. Their children are Wil 
Ham, Edward and Elsa. 

David Canbdav was bom in Vermont in 1830, and 
in Taylor's Falls in 1853. Mr. Caneday has devoted much of 
time to prospecting as a mineralogist. During the years 18^^ 
62 he edited the St. Croix Mtmitor, and from 1881-84 the 8L 
Dalleg. In 1863 he enlisted in Company C, Seventh 3Iiuu( 
Infantry, and served till the close of the war. His record q^^ 
soldier was good. A.fter the battle of Tupelo he volunteered 
remain with the wounded, of whom there were about sixty, 
the hands of the eoemy. Two of these wonnded were comrades i^ 
friends iu Company C, Andrew J. Colby and John S. Swens^^ii 
The former died. >Ir. Caueday remained at great personal ri^E^i^ j 
aud saw the inside of several prisons before being exohan^ 
After his return Sir. Caueday engaged in mining aud pros{ 
Ing, exwpt Kurh lime as he edited the St. Croix Dallea. He is i^-»c*m" 
mining on Kettle river, in Pine county, Minnesota, and in I^i^tii 
nett county, Wisconsin. He was married in 1865 to Ia-u 
daughter of Judge N. M. Htunphrey. 




BORGE B. FoLBOK ITBS boFD In St. Johtis, Kcw Bruiiflffiok, 
April 9, 1SI6. He WM married to Deborah Sawyer, October, 
I^^3, and came to Taylor's Falls iu 1853, where he engaged in 
'dzubering. To 1S5A lie removHil to Hush $elia, Itx^nting iu Hec* 
tioxi 14. lie was the Antt pettier in the town and raised the first 
Crops; bailt the first log and the first frame bouse, and vas] 
p<*oxu!Qent io advancing the edncational and other interests of ' 
Va^ towu. He was appointed postmaster in IS5€, and held tho 
Oiflloo fourteea years. He held the office of conoty coiumisaJouer^ 
ftexi yeaiB. In 1875 he was appointed receiver of the land office 
^t- 'XSaylor^s Falla, which oflice he held for ten years, since which 
ri nne- b« has resided in the village. 

.^^-^ASiOV M. Chase was born in Machias, Maine, April 7, 1813. 
iX.^ vrvceived a home and coinmou fichool education. In the fall 
<*f X$18 he came to St. Anthony and engaged in lumbering. He 
ftKaO. Stunner Farnham ran the first logs down the Mississippi 
f^*OKai Babbit riror to Fort Bipley and St. Anthony, in 1849. fn 
t fts.^ spring of 1849, in company with Pat Morin, he bnilt a tow 
l=>Oi^k.t. clearing for that purpose a tow path uu the eastern aide of 
t.A:»^ river a distance of eighty miles. He carried freight for the 
xxi^ncan Fur Company, but the introdnction of Hteamboata i 
t an end to this enterprise. In the £all of 1849 be went to 
. l^nis and remained there till Angnst, 1850. when he returned 
oitb. locating »l the outlet of Bal*iam lake, Polk county, Wis- 
DRiu, where be built a saw mill. He built a dam and mill, 
1>riQgiDg the materials together without other team than himself 
9kn<ldvc men. Alter completing the. mill he engaged for some 
yenraiulumlieriug. Helooalodat Tayloi-'sFallsin ISTWJ. In 1S60 
"be fmfwrvised the building of a series of dams on streams tribn- 
tSLTy to the Upper St. Croix, the water collected by them to be 
ii»cil at low stages' to float logs to the St. Croix and down that 
Ht ream to StiUwater. These dams are operated under a charter 
from the state of Wisconsin, and have proved a great benefit to 
fcJ>c lumbi-rmen. Mr. Chase is prt^ident of the wmpany. He 
(i man of strong, clear mind, delil>erate in action, positive iu 
1» tipinionnand pointeil in his expressions, and withal a kind 
«*itrteii, generous and tme man. Mr. Chnae is unmarried. 
I*kTF.R Abpjlk was bom in Canada East in ISHO; came to 
llTOter iu 1800, but subsequently removed to Taylor's Falls 
'^ber^ ill 1855, he was married to Kitty Wicklaud, who died in 



1860, leaving a son, FrankHn £., merchant at Anoka. Air. Abear 
married agniu. His second wife died in 166S, leavings daughter. 
Mary. Mr. Abear married a third wife, who ditMl in IS74, leav- 
ing no children. Mr. Abear is a muchinij^t but hns given mnrh 
of bis attention to farming. 

Levi W. For^soM was born in Tamworth, Carroll ooiinty. New 
Hampshire^ ^ept-. 25, 1821. He wna fitted for college at Gilman- 
ton, entered Penn College at Gett8ybtii^, Peun^lviuda, .and 
graduat«Kl in 1846. Returning to New Eoglaud, he »tudi<*d lav 
at- OorntHb. Maine, with Caleb K. Ayer, and wok aduiitt«*d to 
practice in the county of Carroll, New Hampshire. He came t» 
Taylor's Falls in 1H5-1, and was admitted to practice in the sa- 
preme court of Minnesota, and practiced law for a period of fif- 
teen years, when he engaged in real estate and other bnsiuesa. 
Ho is a pleaBaiit and agrerable speaker, stands high in thu 
masonic fraternity, is an ardent and uucompromiuing Democrat, 
a* positive man with strong home and social feelings. He fasa 
been vice i)reeideut of the Taylor's Palls branch of the SL Paul 
& Dnintb railroad since its organization. He was married ii 
1850 to Abhie 8Imw, in 8t. Paul. 

IUddinuton RNOWLE8 was bom in Kcntticky in lS2I;came' 
St. Croix Falls in 1844, and followed lumbering. He was m^^^^^^ 
ried to Ann Carroll at Taylor's Falls in 1854, and nia^le his rt^^^^^"'^ 
denoe at Taylor's Falls. He enlisted for seiTice during the "X^*' 
bellion in the Third Minnesota Volunteers, bnt was dlschar^^^ 
for disability l>efore the close of the war. He died at Hayw w^^^^ 
Wisoonsiut in 1883, leariug a widow and three children. His oM. 
est daughter is tbe wife of Douglas Greely, of Stillwater, 
body was brought lo the Taylor's Falls oeraet<^ry for inlvrinc 

Db. Lucius B. Smith. — Dr. Smith was the first regular ph». j.; 
sician in Taylor's Falls, having locat'Cd here in ISS-l. He 
born in Berlin, Erie county, Ohio, in the year 1824. He was m: 
ried in 1841>, and after some years^ practice of medicine in his mn^- 
tive town he came West and located in Taylor's Falls, wher» 
resided until 1862^ when he was appointed surgeon of the &« 
entb Minnesota Volunteer Infantry, in which regiment w<»xe 
many of his friends and as-sociates. He i>erformect well his dirt i os 
in that position, but was killed on the day prece<ling the bGi6i 
of Tupelo, the division to which he belonged having been amb 
caded by Forrest's troops. His remains were carried to the fi' 



of Tnpelo and there bnried, bnt have 8inp*be^n removed to Kah- 
bakong oemeter}% at Taylor's Falls. Dr. Smith v,m a tail man, 
of fine presence, with the air of an officer, for which reason, doubt- 
less, some sharpshooter singled him out for destrucLiun. Dr. 
Smith left a widow, one son, Charles, and one daughter, Mary, 
the wife of J. W. Pasamore. ^ His widow was married to E. I>. 
Whiting. Both are deceased. 

Wii.i.iAM CoMKR was born in Cheshire county, England, in 
1812; was married to Elisabeth Davis; came to America iu 1846 
mndlocat-ed in St. Louis, where he remained until 1853, when h& 
removed to Pike county, Illinois. In 1854 he removed to St. 
Croix Falls and in 1855 to Taylor's Falls, whei-o he ha« since re- 
sided. He has been treasurer of Chisago county two terms, and 
foruT years register of the United States laud office. For a num- 
ber of years he has held the position of town and bridge treas- 
urer. He and his two sons, George and William, are engaged iu 
the mercantile business. His daughter, Eleanor, is the wife of 
Benj. Tbaxt«r, of Minneapolis. 

De, EttAHTUS D. Whitino. — The Whiting family, consisting 
of three brothers, Erastns X>., Selah and Charles B., came to 
Taylor's Falls in 1855, and for many yisars were prominent mer- 
chants and business men in the village, Ei-astns D. Whiting 
was born in Vernon Centre, Massachusetts, in 1811. He was edu- 
cated in the common schools and at Westfield Acfldemy. At tho 
age of 6ixt«?n he commenced rea<ling medicine and graduated 
U the Ohio Medical College in 1S32. He practiced three years 
in Ashtabula, Ohio, and Iweuty years iu Pike oouuty, Illinois. 
When he came to Taylor's Falls he retired from practice and en- 
gaged iu the mercantile and lumbering business until 1867. Dur- 
ing this time he served in two sessions of the Minnesota, legisla- 
ture as representative, 1860-61. In 1869 he visited Europe- He 
died in Taylor's Falls in 18S0. He waa twice married; first in 

1837, to Emily Bradley, who died in 1866; and second in , 

to Mrs. Smith (widow of Dr. L. B. Smith), who died in 1872. 

Selab Whitino was born in Cnjnnccticnt; came West to Pike 
oouniy, Illinois, in 18J6, and to Taylor's Falls iu 1865. He en- 
gaged in the mercantile business. His wife died in 1867. He 
died in 1868. 

Chakles B. WmriKG waa born iu Litchfield county, Oon- 
necticat; came Lo Pike county, Illiuois, in 1836, and to Taylor's 

Bi* "' „ His w"^"** , T»i,e died lo ^"".^ .raniwortb, »•» 

t»6 been »*-!;f ^'Ini.»tio»- ^^^^.t Pe.«ocrat a«^ .^ ^„„ 

of ^'•« »r;»„l teU^ie a* » »» ^^ T.yi^ 

tru»l*<>rti>y » Enf-iand, °" .„y ,8 ex=a« 

ji>fE» A-/^ y^ ^as -.vo euP"'"! fo„rteen J«=*'?L° „e.\ to V-«H 

-iji-i * — 






**■ 1 **linortality. He promised, when he knew himself to be dyings 
^ ■"^^tnrn to earth and revisit me if poBsible, but so far has not 
''etUxned. He died in 1874. Hi8 family removed to Dakota. 
Sia «ld«et son, John Alley, was killed in Washington Territory 
*>>' ^ premature explosion of a blast in a mine, by which nine 
teeia others were killed at the same time. Alida married Wil- 
U^^Xki MoKenzie and resides at Grand Forks, Dakota. Frank W. 
F". , the yoangest son, also lives in Dakota. 

I*^TKirK Carkoll was of Irish birth. His wife is a sister of 
f^c^trick Foxi He is aboot nicety years of age. They have had 
t'*'F"o sons, Joseph and one drowned, and three daughters,. one the 
"^^ Ce of E. Knowles, deceased, the other two becoming reepec- 
ti^'^r-ely the first aud second wife of John O'Brien. Mr. O'Brieo 
Ilxa^ two daughters, Minnie and Lizzie, aud three sons, William, 
J<=»«*«*ph and r>aniel. 

•JcDSRPH Cakboll was born at Davenport, Iowa, in 1840; came 

**^ St. Croix when a boy, early in the BO's, and worked for his 

^ *=» ole, Patrick Fox, in the pinery; was married to Mary Cott^^r at 

^**^"V-«nport, Iowa, in 1858. He reeided at Taylor's FaUs until 

^^*^1 , when he enlisted iu a Kansas regiment Ho was severely 

^'^^^J.nded at Springfield, Missouri. He was subsequently trans- 

^'•^ed to a hea^'y artillery company of colored troops from Ten- 

"*"*'*i**«e, and commissioned a lieutenant. He was at Fort Pillow 

*-^^*ing the massaere, was taken prisoner and confined at Auder- 

*'*^*^"v-ille eighteen months. After his dismissal he went to Mcm- 

^*^ in aud was employed in the police service until 1867, when he 

j^ *i hift wife died of yellow fever, leaving two daughters, one the 

* *V^ of F>iward St. John, of Marine, the other of Geo. W. Booth, 

°^ "X-ayior's Falls. 

, ^titiv. E. K, Edwakds was born iu Delaware, Ohio, Jan. 26, 

'^^^X ; was educated at Indiana Asbury University, and has been 

j^**t>loyed most of his life in educational work, serving as presi- 

ij '■** t of Whitewater College, Indiana, professor of Latin iu Ham* 

-v^*^ Univei-sity. professor of natural seicDces at St. Charles aud 

*" ^^^tvfudre colleges, aud president of the Colorado Slate Agri- 

, ■'*'»iral College. Mr. EdMards came to Taylor's Falls in the 

. _ *^^r of 1860, and remained two years as pastor of the Metho- 

_.^***- Episcopal church, and teacher in the Chisago Seminary. 

.^^ ^iag the last year of the war he was chaplain of the Seventh 

^^^ Unesota Volunteer Inlantry. In the winter of 1886 he again 



become pastor of the Taylor's FftUs HetbodiBt Episcopal i^ui 
He WB8 married in 1S54 to Alice L. Eddy, of Oincinnati, Oht^ 
His bmily consista of four sons and one daughter. 

Stkphen J. Mjbbrill wa^ born in Schoharie connt?, X^ 
York, in 1827; came to the St. Croix valley in 1&48, ana 
Taylors Falls iu 1861, Ho was married to Caroline Xeiaoti j„ 
ISOl. They have &li sous and ono daughter. He has a Iwauti/j,; 
and well improved homestead within the tovu limits, u^om. 
ing the cemetery. ' 



MM*. K. m. KtnxAiiam. 

Noah Marctts Hcmphhev was boni in 1809, atOoshon, Sinitli- 
field county, Conuecticut. He removed to Ohio in ISJS, mitwI 
in the Ohio legislature in 1852 and 185.% and was for six yeius 
judge of i}robat« court in Summit county. He was mitn' 
twice, the second time to Mrs. Young, in 1S40. His firyt wilt i 
two children, Mark, for some time a resident of Tnylor^s 
now deceased, and Laura, wife of David Caneday. Jo< 
Humphrey has been justice of the peace in Taylor^a F»ll5 
twenty years, and postmaster for as many more. He was jn^ 



*^ probate oonrt for ten years, and lias rwwiitly been re-electecl 
[^ that position. 

BoTAL 0. Gbay wta born in Bakerafield, Vermont, October, 
il838. He spent hia early life in Vermont and Mnssacbosctts. 
I -^6 oame West in 1S50, and located in Kanabec coauty, where he 
irme*! and kept a public bouse at Greely station, on Kanabeo 
■Wper, until 1800, when he returned to Massaehuaebts. In 18B4 
Ae returned to the St. Croix valley and hieated in Taylor's Falls, 
Tiiere he still resides. He has Iwen employed by the St. Tanl & 
'^ RallroadCompany for ten yeara as Borvey or and explorer, 
Qd lioldssome valuable pine lands. lu 18CI Mr. Gray was mar- 
r^^cl to Ann Eliza Johnson, in Massachusetts. Thoy have one 
»», Orin. 

John PHri.iP Oweks.— William Owens, the father of John 

'Ixilipj came to America from North Wale-s, and served as a sol- 

i^i- in the war of 1812. John Philip was born Jan. 6, 1818. His 

M^lxer died seven years later, and the son was brought up on a 

^■**"i by a stepfather. He received an academic education at 

Cincinnati, Ohio. At the age of seventeen hecommenced learn- 

^^^ the printer's trade, served as an apprentice four years, and 

K^'a^duated on his twenty-first birthdjiy. Having some means in- 

■ritftil from his father, he commenceil a newspaper enterprise 

Oxnoinnati, invested and lost all his money. For several 

he was engaged as a reporter and assistant editor on various 

^P^rs in Cincinnati. Louisville, Vicksbnrg and Xew Orleans. 

'^ l84ft he formed a business partnership with Nat. McLean, of 

^^cJDnati, to establish a paper at St. Paul. He arrived at St 

"*ul May 27th of that year. The first number of the Minnesota 

^^fftater was printed in Cincinnati and brought to St. Paul for 

T^tfibutiou in July. In October the iiaper was united with the 

■"Wenoto Chronicie, and so published until Jnly, 1850, when it 

discontinued. In 18.'»l Mr. Owens and G. W. Moore started 

'■•^ Weekly MinueJtottan, adding in 1854 a daily and tri-weekly 

~Ltion. The MinnesotiaH was ablyeditod, and was Bepublican in 

'Cities. Owing to poor health, Mr. Owen-s sold his interest in 

^ JifinHcaotian. In 1862 he was appointed quartermaster o/tfae 

[^^th Minnesota Volnnteer Infantry. This regiment did service 

the Stat* during the Sioux War, but in 18B4 was onlered 

'^th and attached to the 8iste«iith Army Corps, Mr. Owens 

^^tved a0 regimental and brigade quartermaster until the close 



of the war. In April, ISGS, he was appointed register of th^ 
TTuited States land o£Boe, which positiou bo held nntil hjsdeattx 
Sept. 11, 1884. He was first Grand Master of the L O. O. F. 
Mianeftota; He left at his death au unpubli»btM] maniucri] 
"The Political History of the State of Hianesota.'' His ft^ 
wife was Helen McAllister, whom he married in Ohio in IH^ 
She left an only daughter, Mary Helen. Mr. Owen»' aeco^^/ 
wife was Francee M. Hobbs, whom be married Oct. 26, 18S^ 
New York City. 

Andrew Clekde^tttino waa born in 1798^ in the north of 
laud- He was :i Pi-otestant, Duited with the SCttlioili- 
w'hen a, young man and proved ever after a consistent ' 
strong in his religions oonrictions and a faithfUl worker, 
crossed the ocean in 1835, locating first at New Bntnswidi. 

1855 he came to Michigan, in 1859 to SL Croix FaUs, inlS70 
Taylor's Falls, where he resided until his death, In 1876. He 
three sons in Taylor's Falls, Andrew, James and George, uitl oi 
sou in Oregon. One aun, Joseph, died in the servioe of hii 
adopted country, having enliiited inCompanyO, Seventh Mioai 
sota. One daughter, the wife of Thomas Thompson, of St. Cni: 
Falls, died in 1886. 

Smith BU-Ison whh born in ^I:irin«, Ttladison county, niluoie, 
Uai'ch 15, 18*23. He came to Marine Mills in 1814. For rwi> 
years be was in the employ of Jndd, Walker & Co. The Qe:st 
three years he spent at Osceola, Winconsin. In 1849 hccogitgcd 
in logging and continued in that bnslaess for many ycsira. Xu 

1856 he settled on and improved a farm in Sunrise. lu 1868 be 
removed to Taylor's Falls and formed a partnership with L. K. 
Stannjtrd in the mercantile nnd lumbering butunesB. Mr. Kllieioc 
waa a representative in the eighth legislatare, and served as 
county commifisioner eight years. In late year? he hw been 
tereated in a sjtw, planing and door uiill at Stillwater. He 
stockholder and director In the First I!Jational Bank at SCillva 
and owns large tract6 of pine lands. He has applied hicb^-^^ 
L'losely to bnsineaSf ia eaergetic, cautious and thorongblj 
able. Mr. Ellison is nnmarried. 


Inclndes township 33^ range 21. The eastern half Is well 
iJKced, the west has oak opetiings. Bonrise river flom 



leriy directiou throngli tbe township, and with its tribn- 
les ttod unmurutLS hikes supplies it abundantly tdth water. 
Then* are aume wild meadowfl and tiimarack swauips. Green 
UIm* in the eastern part nf the towoHbip, iii a piclure»u|ue sheet 
of vster, fivo miles in length by one and a half broad, with sloping 
timbered shore* and cedar points projecting into the lake, in one 

ptnet forming n natnral roadway nearly aorom, which is con- 
oecited witli the maiulaad opposite by a bridge. 

A colony from Eastern Pennsylvania settled the weetern part 
of th» township in 1855. The colony woe composed of L. O. 
Tombler, Dr. John W. Comfort, E. K. Benton, and some others, 
in all ten families. The eastern part had been previously set- 
Uad by Swedes. The township was organized in 1858. The 



supervisors were J. W. Comfort, h. O. Tombler ftnd Fred TepeU 
A post office was established at Wyomiug with J. Bngle as post- 
master. The OnthoUcs aud Motbodisls erected churches io IS&L 
The St. Paul & Duluth mlroud was completed iu lSii&, aad iu 
1879 the branch road to Taylor's Falla. The township was set- 
tled rapidly after the completion of the railroad. ^ At the junc- 
tion of the t^TO roa<is there is a good depot, two stores and a fine 
hotel, the latter kept by L. O. Tombler. 

Vtoming village 

Was surveyed and platted by Ben. W. Brunson in 1869, in por- 
tions of sections 17, 19 and 20. township 33. range 21; proprie- 
tors, Western Land Association, L. DIeudenhall, agent. 


Was surveyed and platted by Alex. Oairn^ October, 1856, in 
sections 1 and 12, towoxhip 33, range 21; proprietor, Erastus S. 

Lucius O. Tomblek was bom in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, 
in 1823. His ancestors were Moravians, who, driven from Ger- 
mauy in the eighteenth century, came to America, and foanded 
the colony of Bethlehem, a colony famed for iUi thrift', advance- 
ment in educational matters, and high morality. Mr. Tombler 
and his wife, Christiana Brown, to whom he was married Ln 1S45, 
were edacated in the Moravian schools. They came with the col- 
ony from Bethlehem to Wyoming in 185.!>, and built a two story 
Jog hotel on the St. Paul and Lake Superior stage road, which 
wa& loug noted as a rest for the weary traveler and a home for 
the invulid. Mr. Tombler was au eiwi-getic, worthy man, genial 
in his manuera, a good farmer, a g(V>d landlord, and aa accom- 
plished musician besides. Mra. Tombler possessed superior en* 
dowments »M a landlady, and the house soon gained widespread, 
popularity with the traveling public. The first hotel was bumed^^ii 
j.n 1876f bnt the year following a more commodions btuldiog 
erected on the grounds, which, with its modern improvemei 
within, and its park-like Nun'ouudiogs. is more popular with tba^R^ 
traveling public than its prci^oowor. The Tombliar fiunily con— xm 
sists of Charles A., the fi^th^ of Lucius. O.. born. in 184KI, botaLKH 
still hale and rigorous, in the possewiou of all Ms £EienUie4, twtjC^^^ 
.sons, Maurice and Miltou, ami cme daughter, Laura. Charles A.,r 'i 



the graudfalber, haH received the thirty-thhtl degree Scottish 
Manonic nt«. 

Dit. John "Woolman Comfort was born in Backs oountT'f 
Pennsylvania, in 180-4. He graduateti at Jefferson Medical Col- 
lege, Philadelphia, in IS36, and practiced mediciue continuously, 
and, although an accomplished gfaduato of anallopnthic school, 
was a zealous advocate and exponent of the Thouipsonian system, 
in fevor of which he puhlitihed several works. He was also for some 
yeam editor of the Thompfumian Medical Jouriuil. \» a physician 
he was nnttriug, and impartial in the performance of his duties, 
never refusing a uiedical call on account of the poverty of the 
patient. He was e^ipecially kind to the poor. He came to, Wyo- 
ming with the colony ia 185.5. and die4 there Feb. 9, 1881. leav- 
_ iog a widow, since deceased, one son in Philadelphia, and two 
H danghtera, Mrs. Markley, of Wyoming, and Mm. Carter, of MaI- 
H iMurnp, Australia. 

P Isaac MABKLEy waa horn in Montgomery county, Pennsyl- 
vania, April 2, 1822. In the spring of 1849 he came westward, 
I and engaged in steomboating. He commandp<l the Uncle Toby, 
' and in October, 1850, nin hi8Kteaml)oat from St. Ijoais to Taylor's 
Falls for the writer of this work. Reengaged in mercantile pnr- 
snits for sometime in St. Panl, and in 1871 came to Wyoming and 
located on a farm. He was married to Frances, a daughter of Dr. 
Comfort. He died at his home, February, 1883. 

Joel Wright was born in Pennsylvania in 1800, and camo to 
Wyoming with the Bethlehem colony in 1855. He is a black- 
lith by trade, but has also devoted himself to hunting and trap* 
»ing. Mr. Wright has been married three timee^, and has three 

liANDAix Wkuiht, second son of the foregoing, was born in 
^Dnsylvania in 1828; was married to Anna Montgomery in 1850, 
Ld came to Wyoming in 1855. He is a house carpenter by 

;derH) Tepel was l>oru in Hanover, Germany, in 1824; 
|y^^»ved a fiUr education and learned the trade of blacksmithing. 
^*-*^ came to America in 1843, lived in New Orleans one year, in 
*^^« lioais ten years, in St, Paul one year, and settled in Wyo- 
*^"Sng in 1S55. In 1847 he was married to Frcdrica Wilmina, of 
*'^^- LouLt. They have seven children. Mr. Tepel has held many 
^^^■wn offices to the saii^faction of his townsmen. He has been for 
^^Tty years a member of the Methodist ciiurcb. 











GHiJtLES Hbnst Satjxb was born in Qennany In 1834; served 
aa a soldier in the Qerman Army three yean, and in tike twenttf- 
fourth year of hia age oame to America. The year following he 
returned to Borope and was nuuiied. In 1861 he took up hit 
reaidenoe inOhioago, and in 1866oaaneto Wyoqiing, and engaged 
in fiuming. He has three sons, Fred, Henry and HJarrey, and a 
daughter married to a Lutheran minister. 




The early history of Washington connty is to be foand in the 
history of St. Croix coanty, Wtsconsin, of which it was a part 
until the oi^anization of Minnesota Territory in 1S49. At the 
itrst aeesion of the territorial legislature Washington coanty was 
established in fall for coanty and jadidal purposes. It included 
all that part of the Territory lying east of the range line be- 
tween ranges 21 and 22 and north of the Mississippi as far as 
the British possessions and fractional parte of townships 29 
and ao, range 22. 

The courts held prior to this organization are referred to else- 
w-hore. The first territorial court in Washington county was 
held Aug. 13, 1849, Judge Aaron Goodrich, presiding; Judge 
l^Hivid Ckwper, associate. It continaed in session six days. 
There were sixty cases on the calendar. Harvey Wilson was 
cler-lt of court; A. M. Mitchell, of St. Paul, United States mar- 
shal ; Henry L. Moss, district attorney; John Morgan, sheriflf. 
Tht?' lawyers present were H. L. M5s8, M. S. Wilkinson, M. B. 
A^Tix^, A. M. Mitchell, L. Babcock, and David Lambert. The 
s**<5ood court house (the first under the new organization) was 
tmilt in Stillwater, corner of Fourth and Chestnut streets, in 
^^^-*:S, at a cost of $3,600. This was the first court house in the 
territory of Minnesota. The lot was donated by John McKusick. 
I** this building were held all the courts from 1849 to 1867. In 
*ha.t year Churchill & Nelson donated a city block on Nelson 
^-ill, a fine location 'overlooking the city and lake, and the 
county erected upon it a fine stone structure costing $60,000, in- 
<iluding jail and ground improvements. 


The Brst election wan held Nov. 2*i. 1849. The following 
of county officers woh elected: Commissi oners. John McKosfok, 
Hiram Borkey, Joseph Hiwkcll; ti'casarer, Socrates XeUon; 
register of deeds, John S. Proctor; judge of probat«, Harvey 
Wilwin; sherifT. Jesse Taylor. At the same election the follow- 
ing pfTHons wen; electi^d justJusi of the pi^oce in their varinus 
precincta: 8t. Croix Falls, Jerry Ross; Point Donglas^ ^Cartin 
Xyeavitt; Stillwater, Albert Harris and U. K. McKinstry; M*-^ 
riue, James Moore and W. H. Johnson. ^ 

The territory of the comity has been fiom time to time dirided 
and rsubdivided for the orgimiKation of new couutiea. WaHh- 
ington county, however, was divided but once. lu 1852 the 
(^o^Ilty of (.'hJHiigo was net oJV in the north. Kin(* which time ite 
boundaries have been, Chisago on the north, the 8t. Cn>ix river 
and lake on the oast, the Mississippi river on the south, Anoka 
and Ramsey counties and the Mississippi river on the west. It 
includes the folloviug townships: From 27 to 32 inclusive, 
ranges 20 and 21, and fractional }>nrts of townships 31 and 32^; 
rangi'i 10, and fractional part of township 26, range 20. 


Was organi/.i'd us it town in 1858. J<>H<*ph Haskell, G. W. Catler< 
and H. L. Thmnas were the first supervisors; .Minor H. Thomaa* 
clerk. It includes a fractional part of township 28, range 30. lE 
is well watered by BoUes and A'nltey creeks, streams tributary to 
the 81. C'rolx. The southwestern part of the township is rolling 
prairie, the remainder somewhat broken. The soil is all pro- 
ductive and the st reams alTord good water powers. The township 
had French settlers as eiirlyuM 1837, — Baptist Fornier and otbeni. , 
Joseph llaskell cDmnieneiM] his farm in 1830. Prior to 185<> A^^^H 
Maokey. I.. Bnlle«s I*. J. Carli, T. F. Itandolph. E. Bissell. N.hI^ 
Jolinsiui, James Getcbell, and A. MeHattie locat-ed in the towiL^E^ 
The first crops were raised by the French settlers. The firing, _, 
marriage wihs that of Andrew Maekey to Mrs. Hamilton, iu Ifir- ^ 
The llrst cliild born was Helc^n M. Haskell, daughter of Joeep^^^^ 
Haskell. The first death was that of Paul J. Carli, in IM- -^ | 
iMXjidentMlly drowned in Che lake. The first road was locutc^^^.^ 
botw(y>n Stillwater and Point Douglas, Jn 1S47. A military 
WM surveyed from Point DoQglas Co Superior through tl 
tovn in ISIm). I^euinel Bolle« erect«d » tlouring mill on Bolf^ 


ciYfk, in the wintor of 1845-40. the first to grind wheat north of 
Prairie du Chieu. The old mill was long since replaced by a 
new one, and the mill property has changed owners many times, 
Eiuil Munich l>ping the last ownttr. The present mill is a fine 
fttrurtore with a capacity of fifty barrels per day. The first 
pORt offioe wat) at the old mill; L. Bolles, poHtnuiHter. The 
first organized school was in the Haskell district, in 1855. The 
Scaiidiuiiviaii Methodists hiLvc a church in section 18, boilt in 
1685. The German Luthenius liave a church in section 6, and 
a parochial school. 


In May, 1855, Aftou village was surveyed and platted by Has- 
kell. Getchell & Thomas, in Heetioii 23; Emereon & Case were 
the survf^yorH. The village in beautifully locjited on the shore 
of the lake and contains one hotel, one church (Congregational), 
one school honse, an academy building, and several stores, shops 
and dwellings. The academy, kuown as the St. Croix Academy, 
was established In 1868. and the building, a handsome three 
story brick structure, erected the same year. Mr. Gorric was 
the first, principal. Simou Putnam was the first pastor of the 
Congregational church. 


Is located one mile sonth of Aflon, on the shores of the lake. 
It has an elcvat-or, store, warehouses and other buildings. A 
saw mill was built by Lowry & Co., bctM-cen Aftou and South 
Aft^u, iu 1854, and rebuilt in 1855 by Thomas & S^nis. The 
Oetchdl Brothers built a mill in 1861, which was burned. 


Is a small village ou BoUes creek, iu sections 9 and 10. Eraetaa 
Bollos located here in 1S57, and improved the water iM>w«r, built 
a uaohine shop and manufactured eilge tools. He sohl out to 
his son, C. E. Bolles, who further improved the property by 
building a com and feed mill. In 1860 Gilbert & Bnswell erected 
a Hour mill with three run of sto^ic. The post office in this 
Tillage was -established in 1874, with Erastus BoUea as post- 


Was platted in 1855. on lots 1, 2 and 3, section 14. Thomas W. 
Coleman, proprietor; Jamtw A. Carr, surveyor. 


Joseph Hahkbi.l was born Jan. d, 1805, in Kennebec ooanfcy, 
Maine. During his minority be worked with his father on 
farm at Skowhegnn, Maine. In 1837 he cune Weet, tttoppi 
two years in Indiana. July 24, 1839. ho arrired at Fort SnoU- 
ing on the steamer Ariel, obtained employment of Frank St*ol 
for whom he, with others, rowed a maekinaw boat from Fo 
Snelling U) Bt. Croix Fallti. While at. the falls he wurkiMl o 
the dam and mill, then in proceRH of bnilding. In the foil 
1839 he made a trip ba Fort Suclliug and returned t*> the Palb 
carrying the mail in a birch i-iauoo to Catfish bar, and the 
across by Indian trail bo the Fort. While on this trip he ms' 
the claim for his homest'ead in Aflou. In 1840 he put three acre 
nuder cultivation, raiMiug ooruand ])ot.iUoe8. This was the fi 
attempt at farming, except by the French pioneers, who raises 
only garden cropH, north of Prairie du Chien. 8epteml>er, 1S4— 
he made a trip to Maine, and returned bringing three 8iHt«^ 
with him. They kept house for him until he mai-ried. Mr. 
kell wos married to Olive Furber, sister of J. W Fnrber, 
1849. They have fonr children, Helen M., Mary E., Heary 
and Hiram A. Mr. Haskell was a representative in the 
l^isIatureA of 1869 and 1871. He was of most ^emplary babi 
He died at bis home Jan. 2:t, I88A. 

I>EHUEL Bulled was born in Kew York. He cauie to St. Cn^ 
Falls in 1840. In 1843 he opened a grindstone quarry in the 
ooiiTse sandstones, a short distance below the Dalles. In 1844 
his grindstones were much used. He made Stillwater his ho 
in 1844--55, when he removed to Alton. He was industrioos, 
geniOQSand eccentric. Ho died in Stillwater in 1875. 

Taylob F. Randolph was the first school teacher in Wa. 
ington county. He and his wife taught ^ Bed Hock in 1837- 
-39-40, under the supervision of the Methodist mission at t' 
place. In 1842 he settletl on a farm in a valley near Biene- 
Monnds, Atton, where he and his wife died in 1846. 

£UJAH BiMiELL, in 1842, located a farm near the thrc« moai 
in section 8, which now bear his name. He left the ooomy 

Andrew Macilet. — Mr. Maokey, of whom aoiAe roentio*^ 
made iu the chapter concerning the early history, is one of t 
firwt pioneers, having come in 18.'i7 with John Boyoe to the %' 
ley of the St Croix in a mackinaw boat, towed trom St. Lcni 



'o Ibe moath of lAke St. Croix hy a st«amer, from vrhicb poiDt 

^^^j poled tbeir boat up to the St. Croix &lla, where they lauded 

t*0 th<' iri-'St siilr, Fruui this point they made a portage nud cor- 

■elJed their boat, and with poles and Uuee ABceuded to Suake 

'^Ver. He coigaged fur Bome time iu luuilieriug, aud worked at the 

6UiM iiDtil 1S41, whpQ ho spttled on a bt.>autifu1 farm, on a part 

**r w^hich Aft4>n i» now aituateil. Mr. iMa4'key wan boni in Kil- 

trenny, Ireland, in 1804. and (in 18SS) isdtill living. HIh wife 

difKl in 1873. 


CompriMH the north half of fractional township 28, range 20. 
Tho Harfaco is somewhat uneven and broken, owing to the lake 
bluflT formation, bat there is much good farming land. Origin- 
ally it WM covered with oaks or oak op<mings. It derives ita 
oain<- from a bay iudeiiLing the western shore of Luke 3t. Croix. 
A.t South dtillwat4*r village a eousiderable stream, known as 
Spring cnwk, flows from some large springs and forms a good 
Wfttor powpr in it« descent t-o the lake. Two flour mills are lo- 
cated on thi* stream. In ltM2 Francis Bruce built a house on 
the present site of the office of the St Croix Lumber Company. 
In tfaemme year Iforman Kitlrton built :i tnHling {Hmt at what has 
be«o aiDoe known as Kittson*8 Point. Both of these parlies left 
In 1844 and .Tohn Allen built a honse and cultivated a field on 
the east Hide of Kittson's Point. Allen sold the jtlaee in 1846 
mnil n*moved to California. He raised the first crops in the 
town, [n 1847 Joseph Poro became a prominent settler and 
made him a good homo 00 Spring creek. Other |>arti(» made 
ctlainuand abandoned or sold thum. Fiske & Marty lm»t>f>d here 
in 1S48. In 18A0 came Ambniw^ StH^rest and some otherH. In 
XS53'}fc]son, Loomis & Co. built a )4eani saw mill on the bay. 
Id 18M Secrest & Booth built a Hour mill ou Spring creek, 
In 1S58 Baytown was organized an a town. The first super- 
visors were Ambrose Secrest, John Parker and W. H- Crosby; 
John J. Hale, clerk. 


Soorates Nelson, D. B. Loomis, Levi Churchill, Daniel Meors, 
James W. Hinton, in February, 1850, platted the village of 
Baytowo. Harvey Wilson waa the surveyor. The location was 
oa the l&ke shore, lot^s 3 and 4, section 11, and lot 7^ section 2. 

F Toe— -^'""" 

lotted in ''^' R ftbepi*^^' 

l,ate«V"»«;' nTte"»"'^^j,l, energy ^^^r^a"" "^"'"(r^ 

'="""!:f ^^« *°"^ ^«' '^'^ IH 



*tiwftfl*e to steamboat lambennen. The Son th Stillwater 8(»p 

''uotflry, owned by McKoiizie & Co, . desen't-s houornble mpntitm. 

^ii« cotuttrnction of the brauch railroad from Stillwater iu 

il'J. aad the St. Paul & Milwaukee railroad, bailt in 1883, have 

>AJjj iiicivaRed the prosperity of the Tillage. Aside from 

ifiHand nuinufactorieH there jire many private residences, one 

t<-l. AtoroK, HhopH, a Lutheran church, aud a school hou^. 

Thore ore three cemeteries in the rillage limits known as Hazle- 

Wovxl. St Michael's, and the potter's field. The block for the 

forxxier wa« contributed by Seerest & Pero, in 1S5S. St. MichoerA 

was tvtablished by tbe Catholics ia 1873. The potter's field 

wa» established by the city of Stillwater in 1873. The first 

de»tU in the limitH uf South Stillwater wai^ that of Sylv'titer, 

v>rx of Joseph Pero. South Stillwater wa^ organized iu 1881. 

■■•' olTicciv were: Prenident, B.*E. Meig8; clerk. Ed- 

1 ; conneilnieu, Richard HurnH, C. M. Anderson, 

ChurlbS Kregor; jnistice of the peace, Ambrose Secrest. South 

Stillwater has a graded school with four departments. 


Inoliidefi ttiwusiiip27 aud a froctioual part of towuship 2C, range 

21. It woA orgauii^d a.s a town iu October, 1858; James S. Nor- 

rtat, uiodemtor; William Wat«>ii, clerk; John AtkinHOn, Jacob 

MoNbler, Joel Monger. jiidg**» of election; Willinm WatHOD, 

Jolin Atkinson, H. Winaut, Kupervjsors. W'ui. Ferguson, Lewis 

■tlin. JameK S. Davis, Jonathan Brown, aud Jacob Moshiorwere 

tliv tinit settlers, locating here in 1844. The first marriage wufi 

tlm-t of Henry W. Crosby to Hauiiah Waterman, iu 1854. The 

It Miild born w:wt Nathan, son of John Atkiu^ou, in 184G; the 

lU'Hth w:*6 that (*f Mehilable, wife of P. P. FurlM-r. in 1851. 

.jl^ poHt office was «>«4tubliHhed at Cotta^ Grove village in 1860; 

>V, FurixT was postmaster. The <,1ii(sigo, Milwanke** & St. 

ml rulrood was completed through the t^wn in 1871. With 

itA tiw niituml advautaigos of soil, aud fta pouvenicnt access to 

nuftrketA. OoUage Qrove is well settled and prosperous. 


uiu<tl in section 12. It is a pleasant inland village, well 
>\ivd with stores, shops and dwellings. It has oue hotel, oue 
9chfiol house and three churches, C-ougregotional, Evangelical 



Oermao Lntheran and Methodist. The Congregational society 
wftsorgauized in 1858, Bcv. B. Hall, paator; the Erangclical in 
1874; lh(? MfthodiKt Home ypars lal^-'r. The Uuiverealists also 
have au urgiiniz^tion. The viU»}r(> ^iiH platted in April, 1871, 
• by John P. and 8. W. Piirber, Jame» A. McClnsky, Kargaret 
M. Ellwell and Clarence Smith, in the southwest quarter of the 
northwet^t quarter of section 12; J. W. Furber, aurveyor. 


Wa« platt-ed in December, 1871, in tlie southwest quarter of aeo> 
tion 21, on the line of the Chicago, Milvaokee & St. Paul rail- 
road. It contains an elevator, hotel, three stores, a school hooae, 
Catholic church and other buildings. The Catholic cliurch was 
erected in 1873. Father Huxley is thv officiating clergjrman. 
The village was platte'd by Joseph J. Dodge; C. 6. Lowell, sur- 

Joseph W. Furbbr was bom in New Hampshire in 1813. Hi« 
ancestors came to this country with the early oolonisti^ of Xew 
England. His fatlier was a soldier in the war of 1812. DariOj 
his minority he worked at farming, obtaining, meanwhile, a: 
education in the common schools and at Foxcroft Academy,^ 
Maine. Ho emigrated to the valley of the Mississippi in 1838,,^ 
locating at Alton, Illinois, where he remained for two years. Xiai^ 
1840 he came to St. Croix Falls and engaged in lumbering until' 
1844, when he located in Cottage Grove. In 1846 Mr. Furl 
represented Crawford county in the Wiwsnisiu legiHlature 
representative. He traveled uu foot as far as Prairie du Chi 
on his way to the capital of the Territory. He represented thi 
Fimt' district, in the first Minnesota territorial legislature an 
was elected speaker of the; was again a representative ii 
the eighth territorial legislature in 1657; W9B a member of Ih 
t«nth and seventeenth state legislatures. In 1857 he was oo 
missioned mr\)or general of Minnesota militia. He was also a. __ 
pointed United States marshal of Minnesota by President FiL^ T ^^k^ ' 
more. He died at his reaidenoe in Cottage Grove in 1883. i^^^^^^"* 
was a man of strong intellect, sonnd judgment and high mo 
character. His widow, Sarah Wimples, to whom he was 
rie*l in 1843, one son, William W., and two daughters sunrji^^^^^ '^ 

•Saitoel W. Fubukb was born to Staflbrd county, "Si 




ire, in 1819. He removed with his parents to Mllo, 
and camo to Cottim^e Grove* in 1860. 
TttBODOKE FUHBKR wfts bofu lu 1817, III Fnrtuiugtou, New 
lilnr; otnie We»t in 1845 and located at St. Croix Fatla. 
following year be movrd to Cottage Orova Mr. Furlmr 
DritBurrivdlo Sarah J. Hal«> in 1843, in Skowhegan. Maine. 
itr. ftod Alra. Fnrber ri^it^d California in 1867. In ISSfi tbey 
runovfd to Oalifornia. 

J.L3iRH S. XoREifl. — Jftiuf^ S. Norris was born in Monmouth, 
Kennrhev coaaty, Maine, in 16J0. He wa» married at Newport 
in lS45to Hisfi Hafikell. Mr. KorriH came to St. Croix Falls in 
removed to Washington eounty in 1842, where he aet- 
_L , ju a farm at Cottage Grove, and lived continuously till hia 
,li, March 5, 1874. He raiaed the first crop« in Cott4igeQrovc, 
and (hough he made fanning bischief business, his abilities were 
ich lliat Ills fellow citizens iutrusU>(I him with many ofliciid 
tioDS, in all of which he ucqaitted himself with honor. He 
as ooonly oommii«ioi]er, was a memlx^r of the firHt territo- 
rial rouucil, meml>er of the wixlb and seveuth territorial house 
of npmwntatives, and apeaker of the aixth, a member of the 
" ' ratio wing -of the oooatitutlooal conventioo, and of the 
< li state legislature Chonse). 
Lktts Hill wa^ Iwrn lU. Hollia, Maine, in lft22. In 1843 he 
le to the valley of the St. Croix and loeate<l at St. CrtiixFalls. 
Iti44 tie ninie lo Cottage Grove and engaged in farming, and, 
ejto'pting a few years epent in Dakota county, has resided there 
Aince. He waa married to Abbie Welch in 1854. Their living 
childrtn are Emma C, Jessie L. and Frederick B. G. 

AcoB MosBiEa was bom in Nova Scotia in 1820. He re- 
ived with faiK parents in 1829 to Canada West-. In 1839 he re- 
ivvd to Illinois in 1843 to St. Croix Fa1l8, and in 1846 to 
Grove, where he still reaiden. He is a house carpenter, 
bw also been engaged iu farming. He waa married in 18r>4 
to MkrlA Shatto. Their children are Annie F., Mnhalo. Wil- 
liam. Atldie, Grant. Laura, and Gt^o^ge. 

WiLUAU FEB(iU80N came to (>)ttage Grove in 1844, and 
made a claim iu aection 26. 

JoB.v Atkinhon was born in Lewiston, Maine. April 4, ISOS. 
He rfiiiaiiitrd in his native town until 1833, resiUe<l in Pitta- 
1*1 nutU 1844, when he came West and located in Cottage 



Grave. He pre-empted eighty acres of land, purchased ndditiooff 
tx> it from time to time, and mtide for himHelf a very attraotire 
home, where he resided thirty years. Mr. Atkinson wsk twice 
mnrriedf first to Hanuah Moore, at LewistoD, Maine, who died in 
1874, then to Mre. A. B. Fiske, of Baytown, at which place he 
now resides, an aged, ninch respect'ed citizeD. HIh lirst wife left 
four sons and two tlaughtera 


This town in located on the point of land between the Mi»n< 
sippi river and Lake 8t. Croix, and incliiden the territory lyin; 
soatb of Afton, and between Cottage Grove and Tjoke St. Croix, 
fhictionol townships 2G andliT, range 20. Thesarfaoe is elevateds 
somewhat rolling, without lakes or streams, and the soil rlchaikjr^ 
Wfll adapted to agricnltHral purposes. The early history oftir ~\* 

town 16 sabstantiaUy that of ite earliest settlement. Point Oca 6' 

laft. It was organized in 1S58. Supervisors, John Sheare^^^f* 

Thomas Wright and David Hone. 



Levi Hertzell and Oscar Burris, young men, located in 1839 - 
the extreme point of the delta 1>etween the Mississippi and F 
Croix lake, where they cut wood and sold it to the steamlma 
They bntlt a log cabin and store, under one roof, and trad -^-^ 
with Indians, discharged soldiers and French settlers. Th-^'X 
were diligent and indastrioos, and prospered. In 1S46 tlu^Bf? 
built a frame store bnilding. Their ti-adciucreji.sfd and they grt^^'^ 
wealthy. Messrs. Levi Hertzell, Oscar Bnrris and David Hoc^^**^ 
in 1S49, platted the village of Point Douglas* Harvey Wils-^C^ 
acting as surveyor. It was named in honorof Stephen A. Dot-^ * 

The following settlers came to Point Douglas prior to 1 
"Wm. B. Dibble, the Truaies, Harley D. White, David Bar 
E. H. Whittaker. James Shearer, Martin Leavit-t, Simon Sh 
gledecker, H. A. Carter. Thomas Hetherington. Geo. W. V 
bell. John Allil>one. Mark Wright, John H. Craig, John 
Henry, and George Harris. The first post oftiee north of Prat 
du Chien was establisheil in l.S4(l. on the site of Prescott. at tV* 
time known as " Mouth of St. Croix." This office was remo«' 
to the opposite side of the lake in 1S41. and Levi Hertxell 



"appoint-ed pttstniasrer. Tlic fu-st st'Iuml wos taught in 1860, 
by John t'raig. Kev. Jaseph Hiirlhnt. a M«tliodist miuUiter, 
preached here in 1843. In 11*56 Rev, T. Wilcoxson, Bpittcop^lian, 
iblished "St. Pnara Pitrish.'* Mr. Waodrufi' erected a saw 
' JDlU in 1851. The enterprise was not successful. A. J. tSbort 
boilt a sav mill in 1858, which eveutually passed into the hands 
of John Dudley. The first road U> Point Douglas was the Still- 
wat^^r ixiniity road, lotiat-ed in "LSI?. The Point Doughw and 
JJBke Snperior military road was built in 1849. A ferry was «• 
teblished in 1851 from Point Douglas to Prescott, which was 
chartered iu 1S5<>, and eoutroUed by W. B. Dibble, who also 
establi.shed a ferry from Point Donglas to Hastinf;s in 1^57. 
The first marriage was thai of Oscar Burris i<t Amanda M. 
Henry, Xov. 11. 1847. The first birth w:i.s that of Kmmet M. 
Hone, boru in 1845. son of David and Mary G. Hone. 

Levi Hertzki.l e-aine to Point Douglas in 18.'{9, and was quite 
anccessfnt in business. In 1846 he was married to HhodaC. Poud, 
an adopted daughter of Cornelius Lymuu. of Still watw. In 1849, 
iti company with Burris and Hone, be platted the village of Point 
Doughis.' In the spring of 18.56. wbilo in New York, whither 
he had gone to purchase goods, he myst<»riou!ily <lisappe-ared, 
and nothing has since been heard from him. Mis. Hcrtzcll and her 
three children were left In a dependent condition, f^he being able 
to realize but little from the property hvid iu Point Douglas. 
Stif soon alter married again. Of her subsequent history nothing 
[is known. 

<Wah BtTKKiH. %^soeiat«d with Levi Hertzell aaoneof the flret 
sutlers of Point Duuglas and pioneer raerchnnts and traders, 
^^^ in 1849 for California. 

K -I^-AVrD Honk. — The following statement was given uie, on re- 
^^*«*t, by Mr. Hone Mniself: "1 was boru iu Cherry Valley, 
^•3«-Ligo connty, New York, April 5, 1808, and was married to 
^^*~:3' Henry in 1835. We came by stage over the mountains of 
* «i}4ylvania to Pittsburgh and by steamboat from there to 
**<), Illinois, and stopped at the Alarine settlement nntil Sept. 
L4J3S. At that time I embarked on the steamboat Ariel, at 
^Xjonis, and in twenty-five days reached the head of Lake St. 
^4x, from which point I- proceeded on a flatboat. propelled by 
**^», to St. tYoix Falls, the trip occupying two days. I made 
^1 ue timber claim ou an island opposite the mouth of Kettle 



river. On my return, which vra» imute with eight ronipanions 
in birch cnnoocii, I stopped sit Marino tind made a claim where 
the Marine mill now standi, intending to build a saw mill. Wv 
then proceeded in our canoes to Galena, wbervwe took paNsage 
ou the Ariel for St. Ivouis, lauding thert! November lUtli, afWr an 
absen»t of two months, mort; than half of which had lH>t>u upeut 
on the water. Wv reported fiivorsibly, and, urganiziag a com- 
pany of thirtecfi at Marine settlement, Illinois, with a capital of 
936,000. got our material together at St. Louis during the win 
ter, and embarktKl on the Fayette, May 4, 1839. for iho point 
afterward known as Marine Mills, MiuDOSOta. We arrived Ma,y 
13th and commenced at once to work opon the projected mill.. 
whitOi wa8 contplettnl Sept. 1, 1831). I i*eniaiiUMl iit the mill ut^^ 
til Mareii, LS41, when I removed to Gray Oloud. I madeaeJai 
at Point Dougla8 in 1.S43, and nmved njton it. In A]iHI of tl^^ 
year. In 1844 t bnilt the Union House, the first frame hoi 
built in the tei'ritory now embraced in Minnesota. At 6 
Cloud I acted as jnstice of the peace. 1 was appolnt-cd ^t>t^^T* 
sheriff by SheriflR. D. Lester of Crawford county, and held t.^"^ 
ofnci" until Minnesota Tenitory wa.s organised. My first h 
died in November, 1804, leaving three sons, Edwin A.. Jebn 
and Emmet M. in 1865 I was married to Electa Barnes, of 
Paul. In XH72 I removed to Hastings, my preaent home." l^^r. 
Houe died at Hastings, July 11, LSS7. 

William B. Dibble was U»ro in thestAteof XewTnrkiol^BSir., 
Hh .sprnt part of his i^rly lifn in Pennnytvania, Georgia, ^ In 
bama and Illinois. He came to the St. Croix valley in 1839, ^^aad 
was one of the fonnders of Marine, Minnesota, from wheno^^ be 
removed to Point Uonglas in 1844, and established ferries ac^c-iMB 
Lake 8t Croix to Prescott, and across the Mississippi rivax- 
Hastlngs. He also engaged in farming. He was twioe marrii 
first io 1844, to Eliza MeCauslin^ who died in 1847. then \o 
Mary Wright, who, with nine children, snrvives him. Jk^i. 
IMbbledied in 1884. 

Obokge Habris was born in Pennsylvania in 1834. In ]f^==.!!T 
his father removed to Illinois and was kilkMi during the bii^^cb 
Hawk War while acting as sentry. At the age of eight yef^Bsars 
George commenced working on a farm; and continned nineyn^^ATA. 
He then romovwl to Missouri and remained until 1846, when hv 

came to Stillwater and engaged in lumbering. Soon afterw^^rd 


hf wWJcd Oil a fnrm ui-ur Poiut Doughis, vrbeiP he still rpside*. 
Uifl (vktaHy couaiste of a wifu (formerly Alice While) aiid seveo 

Hart-KT D. Whitk was !)orn in Orange county, Vennont, io 

lSr.»; <«nie to Prairie du Chien in 1810 and engaged jii selling 

goo«ls; removed to Red Bock in 19-U where he sold goods in 

partncniliip with D&niel Hopkins, and settled on a farm at Point 

Dougbts in 1H47. Some years Iat4*r he reinovt^l to Beattie, Kan- 

MA. Hp wiwmarrieil to Kn. E. Taiuter. of Sb. Croix Falls, in 

1S43. She ditnl in IS.'iO. lejiving a daughter, who wiw a<lupt«d 

inUt the family of W. H. Tinker, itf St. Paul. This daughter 

beeiuue a teaeher and tanght io the pnblie schools of St. Panl 

for M puriod of eighteen years, and with her earninga pnrchased 

a home for her foster parents. Mr. White married a second time 

id tt^red two sons, ouc an editor, now rceidiug in Alameda, 

ralifurnia. The other is engaged in farming in Kansas. Mr. 

"While diwl in .'Vpril, 1888. 

TnoHAR HETUEHtNOTON wns )>oru in Nortbuuilierlaud, Eng- 

ind, in IK18; came to Canada at the lige of tuixt^'en yf-ar« and to 

)int DoaglaR in 1849 an<l settled on a tiarm at Ii:wHwoo<l Grove, 

rhere he died in 1885, leaving his family iuguod circuuutaDoeA. 

^fie wait held iu great »st«em as uu upright man by thoaa who 

knew him. 

jAMFit Sbkarkk wa« born at Palmer, Massaehnsftts, Oct, 30, 

W16. Ho was engaged in the mercantile business from 1837 to 

when he Hold out and went to Oaniula. lie came to Point 

[la« Uay 8, 1840, and engaged in farming. He held vari- 

''Officcs of trust iu the eouuty and town. He served as 

Ooaniy commisidoner for 6 years, postmai^t^ir 2 yearH, chairman 

Of town txmrd of Dimniark for 4 yeai-^, and town trea-snrer 12 

reank Mr. Shearer was nmrriisd t<» Minerva .1. Tjiylor. March 

*, 186A. Their children are Marcus, Martha and Irvin. 

StHON SHisoLEDEt^KEK was born in Germany in 1815; came 

America iu 1831 and located iu Ohio, where he worked nine 

jean aa a farmer. He removed thence to lUiuois, then to St. 

lioaiA. ttud in 1845 came to Hudson, Wisconsin, where he eu* 

gaged in lnral>oring. In 1848 he located on a farm nnjir Point 

iDongliui, which is still his home. In 1854) he was marned to 

Margaret Tmax. They have eight childien. 

Qalsb T*uax was born in Mohawk valley in 1810. He be- 


came a citiKeu of Montreal and vas there married to ElisabeiliHzzflii 
Morehoiist?. He removed to Poiut DouglsA in 1A4<), wbere hc^»^.«i« 
fulliiwi'd tlie l)i)sin(4<s of fanner and linniw car])«ut4^r. He was i cfc v^ 
reprfHeiitative in the fourth t«rritonal legislature. lie die<l aX^^^m^M 
biH houif^in 187.S, leaving seven sons and three daughters. 

Abhaham Tbuax waa born in Bruoklynn, Canada West. H^^^F^t 
onmc to Poiut Douglas in 1848; removed to Hastings in 1850— O«o. 
Wliile Iher*' he was elected sheriff of Dakota county. He rp— -^-re- 
turned to Point Douglas in lSi)9, where he Htill resides. H^ MrMie 
was married to Mary Tiiihey in 1869. Mrn. Trnax died in I86"j. "V«fi7, 
leaving five eliildren. 

Gkorge W. CAaiPBELL was boru in Cautoo, New York, Apri-**x^«ril 
8, 181". llo nre<'ivfd a common school and academic education «:»«:3n. 
His father died in 182t>, leaving to George W. the care of th».':'-^be 
family and the management of the estate. He waa married in i: >a 
18.TJ. at rornweU. Canada West^ to Margaret Harriet tlobinsonf s ■'^^n. 
He c-iinie to Point Douglas in \MH, where he haa lived since, en«:» *^o- 
gaged in farming and lumbering. He was a reprosentatire w ^ "> 
the fii-sl state legislature, IS-lT-oS. Mr«. Campbell died at her^^a^-fr 
home in l\iiut Douglas iu 188(i, aged seventy-four years. 3h» ^cr*e 
had been a member of the Episcopal church for sixty years. 81^=- ^^■ 
of heraeveu surviving children with the aged husband and IjatbeK-^^"* 
AttvndtHl the lunenU. Mr. Camplx-U died in 1887. 

rtiK^rr lakk. 

This town includ««i tuwuship 32. runge 21. The surface 
oric^ually covered with hardwood timber, interspersed with wii 
ncadomt Um vealera part with ottk. maple* poplar and taxn— 
Muck. The fln( settlen were txmis Schiel. Wilson, Ric« aiu^:^ 
C>-ru« Qny. LfttoroMM Simmons, Posten. Marsh. York, ao' 
Btuil^v. Tbv An* «ftrti^« v«s that of Francis Outwright 
Mary Lou^:, ia 196&. T\» fine child bora was Bebeoca Simmo 
Thi- Ami death was that of Pret&eric Teilh. ia 1867. In 1S73 the 
&nl mIh»o1 dtotrict ««« otyuiaed. A ICethodiat rhureh was or- 
tMUM4 tu iSTt hr Bbt. Adam Riafvr. TW Forest l^k 
UhI^ t (X 0. T„ w oTfattixet) in l^TSi. A post office 
«a(«UiHkc<a U IWft; mtiharil V*rsh. poalaiMter. The town ol 
T^m^ Lak« «m ^tfH^atA fai 1874; W. a B«itedicc A. C York 
aud ti^HMT^ SimuKuw^ iaip«rrtoM«: Umus ScUel. cierk. 



IN I'HE N0RTH>V£8T. 369 


M''as platted Hay, 1869, iu the northwest part of the town, by 
-C^Dther Mendenhall, agent of the Western Land Company, and 
Surveyed by B. W. Bruiison. It is beautifully located on the 
shore of Forest lake and is rapidly becoming a popular place 
of z-esort for summer tourists and pleasure parties. The lake is 
aJDiost separated into three distinct parts by points or capes. It 
is five miles from the northwest to the southeast extremity and 
is neiu'ly two miles wide at the widest point. Its shores are well 
tiEubered and approach the water's edge iu gravelly slopes.. 
The indications are that the lake was once much larger. In the- 
south lakes the water is deepest, averaging twenty feet. The 
soutli lakes have also higher banks. The lake covers terri- 
tory in sections 8 to 15, inclusive, of township 32, range 21. 

Capt. Michael Marsh is a native of Wesemburg, Germany, 
auil has resided at this lake nineteen years. He has done 
mueh to make it attractive as a place of resort. He has built a 
hutul with seventy-five rooms for the accommodation of summer 
visitors, and has placed a steamer, the Gcrmauia, upon the 
Iako>. Gapt. Marsh was married in Germany and has a fam- 
'i.V of two sons and three daughters. 


Tliis town was organized in 1858, under the name of GYeen- 
^••lO. In 1864 the name Wiis changed to Grant. It comprises 
'*^* "^N-Mship .30, range 21. The soil is a sand and clay loam, with 
"* =»-^'~ gravel subsoil. The surface varies from undulating to roll- 
■ * 4Jr^ and wa** originally well timbered with white, black and burr 
•^* 1-C- . White Bear lake lies partly within the township, occupy- 
* » t^ about 1,200 aere-s. Other and suialler lakes arc l*ine. Stone 
■^ ».».^rry, Deep, Ben's, and Long. 

'-f bu lirst officers of the town were: 3Ioderator, Josei)h Crane; 

"^"l*:^!'!;. Jesse II. Soule; snpervisoi-s, Albion Mastcrniaii, James 

^*^ «-» therford and Joseph Crane. The first settlers were Albion 

^lii-stcrman and William Rutherford, in 1849. Soon after came 

•J mnw Kutherford. Thomas Ramsdcll and George Bennett. Albion 

^I-5.**terman built the first house, an<l his wife, formerly Eliza 

^li^ldjfton, was the first woman in the settlement. The lii'st puh- 

^i<^ highway through^the town was the Kuin river road. The 



fiist clnttl born was Castinca O. l{iith<!rford. TIiw first dcatb i^^^oe- 
thill of James, sou of J.ttucs KutherCurd. The fii"st si^buo) ho«.-ase 
was buitt in H^otion 1, in lS5(j. Joi^eph Criino rjiiigbt tbo fi ^r»t 

school. Tho first sermon was preiichvd !■> Rov. llumlii* • a 

Free WiU Baptist, bnlthi;fii-sM-cl);;ioMSorgaui2)itiou wits thiiO <:>f 
the Qerman Prolestaut Luthcniu. Rev. Sirgrist wiis Xhv & x^-^t 
pastor. The chtimh liitilding is in si-rtioii 2, and was built Jin 
1872. The Spiritiialisls had an nr{;nni/,alion in I.S4;s. 'if wh s.'W^'h 
Jesse H. 8oule wiw president, and George Walker secretiws: — j. 
Aumnii r meetings were heUl. and lectni-ors from ahrotut iu^i ^r ^ t d 
to address them. 


"Wiis platted in September, 1S.S2, on the line of the Stillwate- x — & 
White Bear railroad, on the shore ot White Bcai* lake; Au^ 
E. nnd CiU'rie Baruum, pi'oprictors; Simon & Morton, sur^'^ 


Wan platted in 1854; proprietors, K. Starkey and Ckas. O. Petl; 
surveyor, Daniel S. Ttirpen. It ia located in the southwa 
qnaiter of section 27. . 




Was platted in Jnly, LS83; proprietors, Mahtoraedi Aas«mbl^ . ^ 
surveyorn, Hone & Holland. Whiro Hear lake has beeniuf - >* 
noted*resort for tourists and pleasure parties. A steamboat plle^ ^ \\V 
regularly upon its waters during the 0|J43U months, and llie Still- * -j^i* 
in St. Paul & Dninth and the Wiseoitsti* * site 

water & White Bear, thi 

It is made utlmetivt^ 




Central rsiilroa(h* render it e.asy of ai-^iHH. _„_ „, _ » •- 

by the Iteauty of its scenery, the cleai*ne«s and brightni«8 of it*^ *^^ 
waters and its convenient distance from St. Paul; Minneapolis^ ^:^f^ 
and Stillwater. The Mahtomedi Association have erected hotT^* 2^ ic- 
a fine hotel, assembly houses and numerous cott4\ge6 for the w<.- ^i 
oommodation of summer visitors. Snmmer schools are held herefV* 
under the au.spices of the Chautauqua Association. The gnmuds**-*^ ^j 
are also adapted to camp meetings, conveutious and military^"^ 


Was platted in 1883, by the Park Association; Elmer & N«well^*- 
Rurveyoi-s. It is located on White Bear lake, on the line of \h^ -^ 
Stillwater & White Bear railroad. 


TVii.i,iAM Elliott wiiw Imru iu.Iivlaml in IS25. His parents 
moved to Xew Bniimwirk in ISSO, wliciun) he caiii<* U) Miiiiie- 
aota in liS50, and located in Oraivt in lS(i2, d«?vnting himself to 
fanuing. He had been a pilot and a Inndterinau. His secoud 
ife was Mary Crawford. They have eight children. 
Fkedkhick IjASTB wa« born in Prnssia in 1825;8erx'ed three 
years in the Prussian Army, traveled some time for a mannfac- 
ring firm in Germany through Switzedand, France, England, 
d Italy; came to Ameriira in IMS, and to StillwattM* in 1S49. 
^tfr some time he wits ntHfttled jls tii ln.s hication, hut in IW2 
le his home in Stillwater, where he remained until IS^iti, 
hen he located in Grant. He was married in 1831 toLeua 
Xaroehe. A son and a danghter lost theii" lives by Occident. 
Three daughters are living. 

J^»Kfi Rutherford wa8 l}ornin the parish of Elsdon. Xorth- 
umberlaud eonnty, England, in 1812. In 181S lie came with liiH 
liarents to America. In I8t9 he cmu>i to the valley of the St. 
ix and located in what is now the town ofOrant. He bnilt a 
flonr mill on Brown's creek. He engaged in farming and also 
in lumbering for many years. He w;is married to Elisabeth 
8mttb in I.S.'Jt>. He died at his resideneti Sept. 14, 1874. Four 
ren survive him. 
Es»K H. Sorr-E has been a prominent and enterprising citi- 
Grant since ISr^. He was lx)rn at, Franklin county, 
ne, in 1823. Mr. Soulc CiUno to Grant when there weie but 
six families in the town, and preempted one hundred and fifly 
acre-s of laud, where he made him a pleasant aud attractive 
liome. He hiw held many positions of trust, haviug been elected 
town clerk, which office he held Iweuty-twoyeiirs, justice of the 
p. assessor, snperintendenl of .sehtiols :ind county coininis- 
r. He represented his district in the house of the sixth state 
uro in 1SC4. Mr. Soule has been married three times. 
Is first wife left one daughter, his second wife two sons, twins, 
maraud Winfield; his third wife, who still lives, Rachel 
chener, t(» whom he wus married in 1871, has three children, 
iioe. Olive and Reuel. 

AlbioH .Mastcrman and William Kiitherford, the, tirst settlers 
Grant township, are mentioiie<l among the biographies of the 
lapterou 8tillwater. 



This tx)wn includes t-ho south half of fnictioiial township 2f 
fraiigc 20, and comprisos about 05,9:iOacrwi. Thosnrfuocitsquit 
divci'sified, raiigiug from uudulating prairie land to hills. B 
fore settlement there were prairies and oak openiogs. The soi 
is productive and is well euUivated. 

The first settlera were French, who located along the lak 
ahore in 1S38-39. These early settlers niisetl the firxtcropH, ba 
were gardeners rather than farmers, and were transient, 
first American settler was Henry W. Crosby, who cjime in 1S4'.^" 
aiid located on the site of the jiresent village nf Lakelanc^ 
George Clark, a young man, came with him and made a claisr 
near the ferry, but was drowned not long aflerwaiil. This w^b= 
the first death in tlie town of which we have any mcutiou. T 
first' marriage was that of Wm. Oliver and Mrs. Mary Davis, 
sister of .Joseph Ha*ikfll, iu IS48; the next was that of A. 
Green to Eliza M. Oliver, Ort. I, iSftl. 

A ferry was estnblisheil in 1848. Moses Perrin built a hot: 
and saw mill thi- i^isuing year, and platted the village of Lalcr 
huid. Another mill was built by Ballard & Reynolds, lu iSo^ 
Stearns, Watson & Co. built an extensive saw mill at a eost u 
(i4r>,(MK). This mill changed hands many times, finally paasiug iui 
the hands of C. N. Nelsou, who eularged it to a capacity of 20,000,- 
000 fM>t per annum, a «uO,000 invcstmeut. The St. Paul & Mil- 
waukee railroad travcrs*>s this town lu^r and parallel lo ihv 
laki- shurc. The town contributed $5.0(Ml in ten fH'T cent bonds 
to the bnilding of the road, for which they received an equal 
amonnt of railroad stock. The St^ Paul & Omaha milroud 
crosses tilt* lake and a part of the uorthcxisteru pait of thv town* 
ship of Lakehim]. The railroad bridge has its wc«ti*ru terminus 
iu Lnkeland, a short distance above the village. Lakeland wa.^ 
organizeil as a town Oct. 20. 1858. The first board of super- 
visors consisted of Charles A. Oliver, Elias McKean and A. D. 


Situated on the lake shore, nearly opposite Hn&aoB, Wtaoonsin. 
was plattetl iu IM9 by Moses Perrin. A school vm taoght in 
KKA2by Harriet E. Xewell. A post office was established iu IHM; 
Freeumu C. T^ler whs the first postmaster. Lakeland fasti the 




bllowiDg benevolent nod social societies: Masons, Golden Rule 
— ^Lodge, No. 65, organized in 18G7; Temple of Honor, organized 
3877; the Indepcndont Order of Good Templars. Xo. 2CM1, oi^an* 
~=52cd in 1876. It bufi a Baptist and Cou^regatioDal church. 

Hesry W. Crosby was Iwru in Albany, New York, in 1819. 
.ZHe Kjx'.nt his ytinth in BnlTalo. In 1840 he aiun-. t<t St. Cmix 
IFalls, and in 1H42 to the banks of Lake 81. Croix, ami located 
n the site of the village of Lakeland where he resided ten y<>ars. 
T>aring the ensuing thirteen years he followed his trade aa 
xuachinist at various places, besides serving three years a& a 
-volnnteer in the Kighth Minnesota Volnnteer Infantry. He was 
-xnarried in Cottage Gx-ove iu 1845, to Hannah He 
'^as four HoHR. 

Kbubkn H. Sandkrwxv. — Mr. Sanderson was born in Geue- 
^scc county, New York, iu 1S31. He received a common srhool 
Ipkducation and studied one year in Brookport Collegiate Insti- 
"'tut*. He cauio to Lakeland iu 1855, and followed the busiueas 
■of a house carpenter. Mr. Sandt't-sou has filled many town 
«(fice8f aud was a member of the Democratic wing of the state 
«>nstitutionaI convention in 1857. 
^^ Xbwton MrKusir!K, the oldest son of John McKusick, was 
^Bom iu Stillwater In 1850. He received a good education in the 
I^Tdty schools, completed at the Minui^ita State University, and 
[ located on a farm iu Lakeland in 1871. He was married to 
[ Jennie L. Green, of Stillwater. June 6, 1872. His home oud 
larm di8i)lay tn^te aud thritt worthy of commendation. 

Catt. Joun Olivek. — John Oliver wuk born Maii:h 9, 179*», 
at Land's End, England. He wok bred to a seiifaring life, and 
the early part of his life was well Bpiced with adventure. He 
escaped fi-om the British service to ent«r the American, but was 
cc captured, and after the second capture suffered a rigor- 
imprisonment at Dartmoor, EnglaniL At the close of the 
be came to the United States and became a Boston harbor 
pilot, a responsible calling which he followed for thirty-three 
ear«. He came lo the West in 1S48. and settled in Lakeland. 
1819 he was married to Sarah Spear, whose father was one of 
the celebrated Koston Tea Party iu 1774. Capt. Oliver, alter his 
removal to Lakeland, busied himself in farming. He died on 
the homestead iu 1869, leaving a widow who survived until 1883, 
And five sons, two having died prior to 1869. Of his seven sous, 



six wfTf \a the Uuiou Army in Minncflota rcgimeots clariog the 
Bobellion: Wni. H.» Tboiu:w E., Charles A., Goorjfe A.. Walter 
J., nnd noward F. Wsilt^^r .T. died iu the irriiiy. 

A8A Uaklow Orkkn. — The nsiinc of Cupt. Greeu was once 
ramiliar on the St. Croix. Ke wha a mnn of varied talents and 
Htiiking chamcti-ristics. who, in a i>nhlic lifp estendirig over a 
pi.-iiod of many years, figiii'dl a*^ a liiwy<,*r, shcHfT, probate .|nUgr% 
8team)K)at caplHin, minister, t'liaplain, nnd luittHionary. Ho «rn» 
burn at Wnri-en. Wrniont. IS'Jtt. ;ind diiriuK his minority lived 
at home. He h;id a enniinon KC'bcKtl fduraLiim. :uit) 113' his own 
eH'orts attained a knowledge nf the htv and nnAa^lmitted to prac- 
tice in Minnesota and Wisoonsin in IKTiS. He serve*! as sheriff 
in Washiugi^onconmy. held tb^otlieeof probate judge, and some 
minor offices. Ho commanded thi.- steamer Kquator in 18o9. Then 
that I>oat was wrecked on Lake St. Croix. He wa.^ part owner of 
the boat. In IStiO hi> wafl ordained as a uiiuister of the Calvinij^t 
Baptist chnrch. Tu 184I2 he entered the United StatCH service 
U8 chaplain of the Third Wisconsin Volunteere, and siirved three 
yeai-H, after which he devot4*(\ himuetf to ministerial and mission- 
ary labors. He died in Whitewater, Wisconsin, 

L. A. HiJNTooN located in Lakeland in 1857. and engaged in 
mert^iitile pnifsnitH. He served na town chirk and poRtmiLster, 
Blling (he latter position fifteen years. He representod his dis- 
trict in the houae of the seventh and niaett^nth legislaturo& 
He died snddcniy at his home In 1879. leaving a wife and thrM 
children. His oldest son, Samuel, a promising yonng imin, 
principal of the Hammond high school, and tittiiig himsell fur 
the medical college, was di'owued Octv 9. 1872, in Cutter's take, 
at the age of twenty-one. He was much estei'med and lamenlfnl. 


The town of Marine includes townships 31 and 32, i-aiige 2t 
and fractional towushii)S 31 and 32, mnge 19. The .surfm-c 
Mimewhal rolling, and Iwforc settlement was timbered chief 
with hardwood. It is dottini with beantifnl lakes, some of whii 
have abrupt and hilly shores. The more noted of these lake« 
Big^ Qu'nellau, Square, Bony, Terrapin, Long. Fish, luid Hi 

Next to St. Croix Falls, Marine contains the earliest settleow 
in the valley. In September, 18;)8, Lewis Judd and DavM H.<_- 
were deputized byacompany of men residing in Mhrine, JlUoi 


to visit the Northwest and examine the region recently secured 
hy treaty from the Chippewsia, and to return tlio same year and 
re|>ort upon its advantiiges ol" elinnit^', soil and other resources. 
They were authorized also to locate a claim for a future settlement, 
if they foun<l one entirely suitable. They embarked on the 
steamer Ariel at St. Louis, September 10th, and were twenty- 
five dajTi re:itihing the head of Lake St. Croix, whence they pro- 
ceeded in a llatboat propelled by poles up the St. Croix a-s far 
jis the falls, and thence to the mouth of Kettle river. lic^turning 
\}y birch canoes, they stopped at the site of the pri>sent village of 
^I-arioe, and there made a mill claim. They then returned to 
3Iarine. Illinois, where they arrived November 10th, and reported 
fHvumbly on the location chosen. 
» During the following winter a verbal agreement was made by 

thirteen persons, all of Marine settlement, to start in the spring 
nnd build a saw mill on the dist^int St. Croix. On April 27th 
thi.<i company left St. Louis on the steamer Fayette for the 
new settlement, which they reached on the thirteenth of May. 
The Fayette was chartered expressly for this voyage. They took 
with them mill irons, farming tools, household goods, three yoke 
of oxen, and cows. 

Tlie members of the party were Ijcwis, George and Albert 

.riiil4l, David Hone, Orange Walker, Asa S. find Madi-son Par- 

k*- t-_ Samuel Burkelo, Wni. B. Dibble, Dr. Lucius Gn-en. Joseph 

r<>tt rcll. and Hinim IJerkey. When they landed they found 

-/•* »-«,-niiah Kussell and Levi AV. Stratton in posses.sioii of the 

ol s ft. i 1 11. they having taken possession during the [HTceding win- 

N-x-_ These men denmnded and received three hundred dollars 

I"( > m- iclinquishing the claim to its rightful ownei's. 

'1' III- colonists set to work immediately to build a l<)g cabin as 
a t: • 'iiiporary shelter, which l)eing conii>leted, they i-ouinieneed 
t1--» •- mill, and worked with such energy that it was iinisbed in 
nil i«*tydays. The first whrel n.scd was a llutter wheel, wliich. n()t 
r» ¥-• ► ring sjitisfactory, wiis replaced by an ovei-shot with buckets. 
1 Ills mill sawt-d the fii-st luniln'r in the St. Ci'oix valley. 

*-^range \\'alker was the fii-st cleik and eliieftain ol' the coii- 

• ■•-■■ii, and when anything was wanted a vnU i>f the cdnipany 

"^'^"*^*il<i be nmde, and the members assembled. Xo mtiele of 

**K*"i'**nient existed. Only one book was kept foi- a sei-ies of years 

■ '*■ uuiiiue atl'air, no doubt. The tirst installment was ^2U0j 




second, sfTf); third. §50; all within two years, aft*r which Ihf^te>.«' 
ooinpaiiy becanieweif Huwtsiining. Xu parluer forfeit-ed his stock— -s^_ 
One by one the partnere sohl out their interest, until Orang^^^,. 
Walker and G. B. Jndd were the owners. The company ww»,^E.aa6 
first known m the Marine Lumber Oorapany. In 1S50 the Dam^^Kzair? 
was changed to Jndd. Walker Jfc Co.. the firm consisting then o^=:» of 
the Jndd brothers, Orange Walker, Samnfl Burkelo, Aj»a Piu-kerrs^ — jj-^ 
and H. Berkey. In 1863, when Orange Walker waa sole owners -?r. 
he H.sKO(;iated with hiui B;imuet Jiidd and W. H. Veazie, and th^^ E_ij p 
firm name ha« since been Walker, .Indd & V'eazie. 

The colonists raised, during the firvt year, corn, potatoes aoi^cud 
garden vegetables. They fonnd the Indians peaceably iDclioe^^=*«i 
toward the settlers, though the Chippewas and Sioux kept up n 

con.stant warfare with each other. Daring the winter of 1839-== — A* 
four members of the company. Parker, Berkey. Gnxtn and Di * *- 
ble, were sent to the uiotilh of Kettle river lo cut logs. Mari^^B'^** 
waH organized as a town in 1858, with the following superviAoi 
J. R. M. OaHkell, John E. Mow<^r and B. F. Allen. 


The settlement gradually grew into the village of Marine Mil 
which waft not- plattc^l. however, nntil 1853. nor incorporat«d v^ 
til 1875. The following was the first board of officers: Preaider- 
Orange Walker; oounciltpen. J. R. M. Cask ell, Olu Weslerg 
and Asa 8. Parker. Until 1842 the mjtil was n'ceiveil from 
Snelling by private conveyance, when a monthly mail s^-rv 
was e^ft-ablislied from Point Dongla», and Samuel Bnrkelo i 
appointed jxtstmaster. 

The first, jurj- trial in the St Croix valley was held at Mari 
in 1840, l)efore Joseph R. Brown, justice of the peace. The 
was that of Philander Prcscott against Chas. D. Foote. plaS...^^ __, 

charging defendant with jumping a claim. The jury ooasatX^^^j 
of Samuel Burkelu, Oi-augu Walker, H. Berkey, David Hone. 
Haskell. J. 8. Norris, A. McHattie, A. Mackej', H. Rw eexy. Fn^^* 
cis Nason, and two othere. The claim in dispute wa** locat— ^'^ 
near Prescott. The court adjoarned to allow the jury to vi ^^^ 
Prcscott to if the claim had been made in aoconlai^ ^ 
with custom. On viewing the premises the jury failed to agr* ' 
and the matter was compromised by Preseutt aUoMing Focf-*"^* 
eighty arree of the claim. 




The first white child born in Marine waa Sarah Anna Water- 
iiian, in 1S44. Dr. Wright, the first physician, located in Ma- 
fine in 1849. The first marriage was that of Wm. B. Dibble to 
£fiza McCauslin, in 1842. The first death was that of a child 
of W. H. Nobles, in 1843. The first sermon preached was by 
Itev. J. Hnrlbnrt, a Methodist missionary, Jan. 1, 1844. The 
firHt school was tanght by Sarah Jndd, in 1849. The Swedish 
Evangelical Lutherans built the firat charch in the town of Ma- 
rincs in section 27, in 1856, a log structure afterward used as a 
seliool, its place beingsupplied by a new structure in section 14 
ill 1858. In 1874 a large church 50x80 feet, ground plan, and 
virli steeple 80 feet high, succeeded the second structure. A fine 
pLi.r$sonnge was attached. This church was blown down by a cy- 
clone in 1884, but was rebuilt. 

The Swedish Methodists built a church ou the south side of 
Lttyag lake in 1856; 0. P. Agrelius, pastor. The Cktngrcgation. 
alists commenced the first church and perfected the firat organi- 
za.tion in Marine village, in 1857. The church was completed 
and dedicated in 1859. Rev Geo. Spauldiug was the first pastor. 
Tlie second Congregational church was erected in 1878, in sec- 
tion. 21. The Swedish Lutherans have a church and congrega- 
tion in the village of Marine. The chnrch was built in 1875. 
R**'\-. L. O. Liudh was the first pastor. Oakland Cemetery As- 
Aooiatiou was organized in 1872 and the cemetery loctited near 
>1 n-fiiie village. 


J\. passable road was opened from Stillwater to Marino in 1841. 
T'lie government road from Point Douglas to Superior was built 
til rough Marine in 1852-3. The company built the first frame 
«l"\ve]Iing, on a point above the mill, in 1848. The mill company 
1->uilt a frame store in the same year. This huildinj,' was burned 
i 11 1S(W; loss, ^,000. The only hotel until L850 was a log build- 
iiii?- when the Marine store was built. The Lightnor House>i built in 1857, the St. Croix House in I8.18. The Marine 
Hour mill wiis built in 1850 by Gjuskell & Co. The first fluur 
^■i*S inanufaotiired in 1857. The mill is four stories high and is 
tiirnished with a turbine wheel. The water is l>rouj;ht a dis- 
tance of 1,000 feet by an elevated race. The Arcoln saw mills 
Wt-i-,. built in the winter of 1846-7, by Mjirtin .Mower, David B. 
L*K>iuis, Joseph Brewster and AV. H. C. Folsom. They were lo- 

fine l^"'"*";' ,„.id Walker & .' jtal slook, »'W^ ,„^(„. 

. ,s-,,l in'*"*"'°r ortomh""'^:, ,:;,u-r*»l»' 

ancient »»""", ,„„«ute. ""*= .j,.;,!, » "W °' , „„ ito to™ 

l*"" • V. receive.* » BOO-l "=" „iiw «> » »'«|" ,^e be! 

age oi^fllZ at. A"""- ^^"^ont ^'^ '^ . 

es,abU*"-»^;,; i„ MIUO-.. Veri» j 

^ it some li»><= ^ 



lowiti'fl at JucksoiiviUi', Illinois, wliei*<* he workwl at- his 
ile and alw* engaged in fanniDg until IS'iU, when he bccjame a 
mber oT the Marine Lumber Company, nnd camo with them 
3tarinf. wht'tv hf residctl a period nf forty-eight years. Dur- 
l thai time he hsis lit>i-n the nuist active and intlueulial man in 
Oompany, having tn^n in alniosteoiiHtaatSRrvire as its pr«8i- 
t or principal ngent. Mr. Walker \v:i« well known to the 
'lier dwelleis iu the St. Croix valley iis a hale, hearty, well 
>riued man, prompt iu fulfilliug hiseugagcmeute), and tibi'ral 
*>viTjtIiinn that pertains to the general good. Mr. Walker 
idl many public positions. He was county commi.ssioner ten 
rs, postmaster twenty-five yeara, and repi^esented his district 
Ihe houHt^ of the Sewind MinneKOlalegi.slaturein IH-WfiO. He 
married Sept. 16, I.S4S, to Mr«. tieorgi ina Loekwood, of 
Bfioott. formerly Miss liarton. a native of Wilkesbarre, l*eDn- 
vunia. Sirs. Walker «iied Oct. 9, 188fi. 5fr. Walker died 

ig. 17. ifw: 

LiEWiit Walker, brother of Orange Walker, was iKtrn in St. 

l>an.H, Wruioni, in 1811: in wiity life removal lo Marine, Illi- 

)Sa, fiml in 18.53 eame to Marine MillH, itrinnesota. He spent 

n.V years at the St. Croix upper boom, and the last fifteen 
ars of bi.s life he lived in Osceola. He was a (piiet. p(■ae■<^1blo 
*izeu. exemplary in his liabits and respexsteil by all his ac- 
laintances. He died in Osceola in 18.S'J. Mr. Walker was 

I'rictl in 1853 toCalphrnuia White, who. with two daughters, 
*^'ive» him. The oldeKt daughter, Ella, has been for many 
**rB a teacher in the Jlinneapolis and St. Paul and other 
hools. Emma is the wife of Henry Filield, a primer and jour- 
fet of Northern Michigan. 

^AMCGL BUBKELO WHS Iwrn in Kent txmnty, Delaware. Mari^h 
* 1800. He came lo Marine in 1H3!), being one of the thirteen 
k)fM.itating the Marine Lumber Company. He remained with 

* com|)any ten years, removed to Stillwater anrl cngjiged iu 
mercantile htisiucss. In 1858 he removed to a farm in F^ake* 

1(1, where he died iu 1874. He was one of the coni[ni.s.sioners 

■jwitited in 1840 to organize St. Croix county, and represented 
district iu the council of the first and second territorial legis- 

ares. He wtks marrli-d Dee. T. 1844, to Susan McCauslin. at 
Dt Douglas. Four children survive him. 

A«A 8. Pakkku wai* born iu Windsor county, Vermont, July 



11, 1S12. His youth was spent in Veruiont, New Yorkatid it 
DOifi. He was l>y traUc a li rick maker. He joiued the 
Oompiuiy aw\ eauii; to Murine iii 1889. Hp coutlnueti a meut 
of thf* i!ompaiiy until IJWS, sinc« whii;h timo he has \wea eD| 
in farming and selling goods at Marine. Mr. Parker is ft (jajot 
nnobtru»ive grentleman. welt post'*d in gt^neral matters, Uewu 
a very useful member of tbe company. He was eight y« 
county commissioner, and hivi tilled i-espoiisible town andouuji^ 
pOKitions. He wjismarriwl in 1850 lo Isabella Thompson. Aj 
1., an only Kon. living with his parents, vt-aa married tu 
Smith in 18S3. 

UiUAM IJEUKEV wafi born in Somerset county, PeniihyWuij 
Oct. 22, 1813. He came to St. I.x)uis. 31is$ourl. in 1819. buiog 
ColUusviUe, niiuoi», hi8 home, and engaged in farmiug. 
came to Alarine ^lills in 18^1, and vas one of the ori^ii 
•company that founded Marine. He soUl biM interest iti U 
aim^yyhioh lime he hsis been engaged in hotel keeptoganrl ferq 
jng. He served a» c<)nnty commissioner four years, and fit 
local offlccK. He was married to Jennie McCarty, of 
vania, Get. 23, 1860. They have ouc son, Johu R. 

(lEO. B. ,lVDTi was born in Farndtigton, Connecticnl. Oct. 
1799. In 1832 became to Illinois aud engaged in farmiugi 
merchandising. In 1839 he l>ecaniH a memJwr of tbp M 
0)mpany, and came up on the Fayette, but did not make i 
residence there until 1862. He retained bis interest in the 
pany until about 1863. He removed to St. Louis in 1*H. 
became a tnemlwr of the eulerprising cowmLs^ion firm of Jo 
& Hammond. After his removal to Marine he engaged in 
mercantile and lumbering business. Mr. Judd dieil at hiit ht 
in Marine in 1872. 

Jajiks Hale was born in li^22, in Putnam county, lodin 
lived (ivc years in Illinois, and came to Marine MjIIa In 1^ 
where he engaged in farniiug. He was married to Marj' Fiui 
gan in iHTi.'). ifr. Hale died Feb. 9. 1888. 

Joes UOLT was born in Jeftereon county, Kentucky, in ISII 
He cam© to Marine in 1846. In 1852 he wjis married lo 
Jane Ward, and removed to Stillwater, where fortwoywnl 
kept the Minnesota Hou»e, at the .southwest corner of Moii) 
Chestnut streets. Returning to Mariue ia 1R53 be folio* 
lumbfM-ing aud farming imtiiy yeai-s. During the latter \wr\it 



or his life he was atHictetl with piirtixl blindness. He died Jan. 
12, 1874, leavinjf two cbildien. 

Qeorgk Holt, brolhor to .Tohu Holt, was Itorn in Kenlucky 
in 1822, where he S[Mnil liis early lifo. AlTter siH-iidiiig a yefti* 
2] Pniiric dii Chieii, in 1S4H hit rjinie tu Murine and obtained em- 
ployment with the Marine Company. \n iWCf he removefl to 
Stillwater, and engaged in the livery stat>le and hotel bui%ine«s 
until 185a, when he retnrneti with his brother to Marine. Ho 
claimR to have earned, in IS.tI, the first Icatliern mail pooch fiom 
Stillwuicr to Taylor's Falls. Dnring the Rebellion he served 
one year in Company G, Fonrth Minnesota \'oliiiiteer Infantry. 
"While residintj in Marine he has been engaged elnetly in liirin- 
itig. railing and Inmbering. In 1851 he wan marrie*! to Melinda 
AVard. They have five children. 

IViLLiASi Towx was born in Koine, N. Y., 1814. In 1836 he 
remove*! to Warren county, Illinois, aud ia 1838 he was mar- 
•TiVf 1 to Louisa Robinson. He came to Marine in 1846: removed 
to St. Croix Falls in 1847, to Osceola Prairie in 1852, and to 
tylor's FallH in I8li0, where he died in 1870. His first wife 
'i«?«i at Osceola in 185S, leaving three daughters, one the wife of 
- J. Seavey, of Taylor's Falls, one the tiret wife of Heury Mai- 
^*^»», of Farraington, Wisconsin, and one the wife of E. Hiues 
■"•»t.e&, of Taylor's Falls.' Mr. Town was married in 1857 to Mra. 
^'i*.ry Collins, formerly Mary Tall)»>ys, A daughter of Mi-s. 
'^*^%Tn. by her first husband, is the wife of N. P. Bailey, of Tay- 
'***""' s Falls. Mr. Town's iiged mother came to OsceoU Prairie iu 
'^^C. and died in June, IH.'^i, aged ninety-seven years. Mrs. 
^ t>l>otL, of Moorhead, and Mrs. Richmond, of Farmiugtou, are 
■*•*»• daughters. 

^Iattiiiar Welshaxce wafi Iwrn in 1818, iu Pennsylvania, 
^'**^re he lived during his minority and learned the carpenter's 
**"^*^e. In lS4.t he removeil to Galena, Illinois, in 1847 to St. 
^■^■Xfclx Falls and in 1848 to Marine Mills, where he worked at his 
**'^«It* until IS-W. From that time until his death, May 19, 1886, 
'**^ -was engaged in hotel keeping. He was for nine years keeper 
Ihe >rariuc Hotel aud has since been proprietor of the St. 
^*"«:>ix House. He was married Nov. 12. 1848, to 3[ary J. 
,"-*-Kipcr. They have tive children living. One daughter, Mrs. 
I'^^liin, met a tragic death at the hands of an insane husband, in 
^^1. Mr. WeUhanoe died in 1886, 




Renjamin T. Otw was born iu FiUrfielU. Maiue. iu 1816. P*' 
canH' to St. Crtiix Falls in 1841. iiiul (-iij^igcd in lumbt^rlug. ^^^^ 
1S46 he, located on what is kiimvn jis Colby Flat, on Ibesilv — «( 
Taylor's Kalis, ainl iinprovtHl a f.irni. In 184J> hi? reniovt-d - "V* 
Marine. His first wile <lte*l snddenly at Marine. He was iit:hi^Mr 
ried to Mrs. Chiir-ch. of iStillwater, in lS.ift. Henry F.. a son 
bis first wife, enlisted in 1802. in the Seventh Mtnaeiiotd. Voln- 
teers, was wounih-d in 18<i4, ami honorably discharjreil. 

William Clakk w;is iMirn in New Brunswick. .Inly. bSl5. \ ^\t 
came to Marine Mills in 1848, and ^infc ba.srnltowe(l lnmberin^Ki|. 
He married Klisa Jane Nelson in ISGl. Mrs. Clark died iu 18 ■ a. 
leaving two daughters. 

jAMiiB K. Mebeditii wiis born Ang. 22, 1812, in While coau^^.r. 
Illinois, where he lived uutil eighteen years of age, when he =an- 
moved to Galena, where be Bi)eut five yeai-s iu mining. IK* " 
thenee lo Burlington, Iowa, and in 1849 located in Marine, :< 
n*a8 employed by the Marine Company Keveral years. In I8fi(^ 
located npon his present farm. In 1847 he was married U* EI 
nor Frt:-enian. Tb*-y have three children living. 

John D. and Thomas E. Ward. The Ward brothei^ an «s*- 
tives uf Massachusetts. They came to the St. Croix xalley \> ' *'' 
their brothers in-law, John and Oe«»rge Holt, They have em; i^ 
cbietly in $te}unl>oating and river busint^. 

S^MUKL JuDD, son of Lewis Jadd, wa.s t>oru in Iltiuois in 
^e graduated at McKendrie College, Lebanon, Illiuois. ami ca. 
to Marine in 186:^. and Ixioame a member of the firm of Wallc 
Jndd & Veazie. In 1874 hn waa mau-i<Ml lo Amelia T>. Fhih 
at St. TjOnis, Their children are Orange W. and Lucille >I. 
lt>8H he changtHi his ret^idcnce to St. Paul. 

Fhkderk: W. Lammi:k8 wa* born in Germany in 1829. 
came to America iu 1843, locating first at St. I>inU, when- 
remained two yciii-s. In 1S4.'> he removed to the St. Croix « 
ley, and for several years engaged in lumbering. Iu iKJi: 
t^ettled on a farm in Taylor's Falls, and was married to Hele 
Nelsfin, of Murine. In iHUr> he Hold his farnt and remnrei] to 
Ij;ike Marine. Mr. I,aiiitnei-s huM been a ]>ul>Ue spirited and 
cellent citi^wn. His family consiftted of tiHeen children: of tfc* 
thirteen are living. 

jAMii:s U. M. Gahkill was born in Madison eounly. lUinule^* ^ 
1820; graduated from McKendrie College in 1843; gnulualvd Cr*^^^ 



lie m<Hlic:il (lepiirtnu'iit ui' the Missouri Stute Uuivci'sity in 185-4; 
practiced uiedii^iiie a short time at CVntralifi, Illinois, and came 
Marine in 1.S55. wlicrt* ho iiracticcil uiediciiie suid interested 
liui^Ifiu milling, luniheringand lie represented 
iiits district in the bonse of the finst legisluture of Minnesota, 
lSr>7-58, and of the fourteenth and fifteenth, 1872-73. He served 
during the Bcbellion as surgeon of the Forty-fifth lUiuois Volun- 
teers. He was for many yeai"S a trustee of the Minnesota State 
Prison. In IStil he was married to Clara E. Hughes. They have 
one Kou and one daughter. 


The town of Newport includes fractional townships 27 and 28, 
rauge 22, and part of sections 34, 35 and 36, in township 2J), 
range 22. It was organized as a town Oct. 20, 1858. The first 
supervisor were William Fowler, E. B. Sehofield and John 
Willoughby. The surface is mostly prairie. This town has some 
points of great historic interest. Gray Cloud island, in the 
southern part, in the Mississippi river, separated from the main- 
land by a slough, is the place where, according to some histo- 
rians, IjC Sueur planted a French fort in 16!)5. It was styled the 
"Isle Pelee," and was described as a beautiful "Prairie Island.'' 
Thf description of the island tallies precisely with that of 
Gray Cloud, and is applicjible to none of the other eoiijeetured 
lot-alities. It is mentioned by many antit|uarian writers as a 
|iIa<'eof rendezvous for French ti-aders dui-ing the French donii- 
nation in this part of the continent. Gray Cloud has l)een kiiuwii 
;Ls a trading post for the last hundred yeai's, and has the credit of 
iK-ingthe first white settlement in Washington county, and prob- 
\\*ly in Minnejsota. Here came Joseph R. Brown in lS;iS, and hiTe 
lu* married the daughter of Dickson, the trader. llaziMi Muoeis, 
>"e of the conunissionei'S of St. Croix county in 1810, Josejih 
Boucher an<l others were living at Gray Cloud wlien the Melho- 
iist mission w:is established at Kaposia in 183fj. Gray Cloud is 
he translation of the Indian name of tlu; island. It Wiis also 
*oriie by an Indian maiden, who became the wife of Hazeii 
klooers. who seems to have been a man of exce]h;nt repute and 
ousiderable inlluence. The Browns cherished for him a very 
varm feeling of regard. 

Rt'd Kock, another historic locality, derives its name from a 
Pixiiittd rock which seems to have been held in gi-eat reverence 



by th« Sioux Tndiuiis. Aecordiiig to R(!v. Chauncey IIolMirt, a 
veU*raii piuneer iiiiil pivachtT hi ill living in MiiineM>t», it wahilie 
cntntom among the Sioiix to woi-ship tlie boiildeiv that lie tKttt- 
tered along tlie hilts and valleys. When a Dukotah was in dan- 
gor. it was his uiistoni to clear a spot ii-om grass and brush. roU 
a boulder npon it, paint it, deck it vith feathors and duwers. 
aud pray to it lor needed help. 

The pi'culiarity of the painted boulder from which Red Rock 
took its name is that it was a shrintf, to which from geoeraCion 
to generation pilgrirangesweremade, and offerings and sa^riliccs 
presentetl. lt« Indian name was " Eyah Shah,'' or *' Red Rock." ■*" 
The stone is not naturally red, but painted with Vermillion, or,^ 
OB some aay. with the blood of slaughtered victims. The Iuj]iiui<sa 
call the stone also "WaukaD,'' or "mystery," It lins oa i^ 
weathered stratum of limestone, and seems to be a fraginrut froi 
some distant graiiit't> ledge. The Dakotalis say it walked or nille^-^^ed 
to il8 present ]>asitiun. and they point to the path over which ik* ft 
traveled. They visited it i>e('ji^ion:illy every yiyir until Isti'Bi^' ^2. 
each time painting it and bringing ofterings. It is paintol i .&rin 
stripes, twelve in uumtwr, two inchee wide and f^'om two to si ^t-ix 

inches apart. The north end has a rudely drawn picture oft 
sun. and ti rude fneo with tifleen ra>-8. 

Red Rock is not«d as the site of a mission planted here 
18:37 by the Methodist Episcopal church, by Alfred Bruuson, 
distinguished pioneer preacher and miasionary. Tht* mission 
originally establisheil at KaiMJsia, on the westeru bank of thr"^w 
river, in 18.37, bat rem()ved by Alfred Brunsou in the same yn^^^^'' 
to Red R*>ck. Rev. B. T. Kavauangb, of this mission, and aft*=^-as^* 
ward a bishop of the Methodist Episcopal chnrch South, supe -^^r- 
intended the erection of the first buildings. Taylor F. Randolixr^KI'^ 
and wife were teachers here, as assistants in the Indian schoo«==:»*''' 
and also in a school of Biixed bloods and whitcfi. B. T. Kavc ^^s-*** 
naugh was postmaster in 1S41. Johu IXoltou was mission farm^ -^^^ 
in 1841, under a commission from Maj. Taliaferro, of Fo^*^"^ 
Snelling. The mission was diseontinned in 1842. Mr. Ror 
dolph and wife made them a home in the towu of Alton, wher 
both died in 1^4. 

The firet marriage was that of Johu A. Ford to Marj* HoKoc 
daughter of John Holton, iu 1843. The &nit birth wsis that 
Franklin C. Ford, September, 1844. The first death was that oi 



dilW of Bit. B. T. KavaDflUgh- The village of Newport was 
pUit4M 111 M<ri7. W. R. Browu's addition was platted in ISTi. 
A st«Aiii«aw uiiUv'iiM built iu 1857 b>- E. H.SbQltou& Brothers. 
The mill WOK dpi»tn)yed by 6re iu 1874. A Hour mill was built 
io il« pla« by Josoph Irish. Tho flnrt Baptifit church wae orgau- 
iz«I Jan- 18, 1858. The first commodiona house of worship was 
built io 1878. TUv Red Kock Camp Ueutlng Association was 
orsani7.t^ in IStfO. A plat of t«a acres, beautifally situated in a 
nalaml prove n«ir IhH village, and on the line of the Chicago, 
Milwaukee & St. Paul railroad, w;i8 doualed to the afisociatioD 
by John Helton. These gronudH have l>een improved, and 
>rued with tasteful cottag<'«. The vamp meetings held dnring 
sommer are largely attended. 


Wa» pUUted iu June, 1850, by J. R. Brown and Truman W. 
^iiich, and sur\'eyed by J. Donald McOuUom. 


Wm pbilt«d Hay 2, 1357, by Joseph H. Hugaoiu, R 0. Enox» 
Wm. uid James Fowler, and surveyed by B. Densmore. 
Jobs Holton oame to Red Rock in 1831, with the Methodist 
nouftiles; served some ycdrs as Indian former under M^. 
kliaferro, Indian agent and afterward settled on a farm just, 
hl>ove the nuasion gronud. He donated ten acres of this farm 
to tht! Mx-thodists for camp meeting grounds. Mr. HoUx)n died 
in 18A4, heaving two children^ Mrti. Ford and Mn*. Wint*re. 
John A. Foao was born in TTtica, New York, in 1811. He 
nied the tnuli* of i-dge t<Ktl and rilte making, and in 1834 
Weiit with hiH father, locating a land claim where Chicago 
now stands. In 1841 the son came to Red Rock and erected a 
et«*rf ttuilding in which he sold goods for twelve years. Snhse- 
ijumtly ht* engaged iu farming. With the ejcoeption of the 
tradoTS Mr. Ford was the first merchant in Washington county. 
Mj-. Fonl was a reprt««fntative in the s<M,*oud territorial legis- 
latofi". He was married lo May H'jltAtn in 1.H43. Their children 
vt-e Vrnnkliu and Willis. Franklin, the eldest squ, was married 
*o -Vddie Witherepoon in 1870, and resides In Newport. 

r>A.MKi. HuPKtNt^ a native of New UampshirOr came West 
(at ftn «irly age. He was a gunsmith by trade, Hte located in 



Green Bay in 1836, and removed to Prairie dn Chien in I838i. 
whore he built a stone shop with a large donhle windmr over 
his workbench and overlooking a spot- where he kept his money 
buried. A large mullein growing over it sufficiently iudioiit*^! 
that his treasure was still uiidisturl>ed. Growing somewhat 
doubtfnl of the 8e<'-urity of his hoard, he removed and placed a 
thousand dollars in a Ktotie quarry an a safer plaue of deposit. 
Unexpectedly to him. the qnarry was reopened and a well plaowl M:^^ 
blast scattered the old gentleman's treasure to fhe four winds. — ggti , 
He recovered but a portion of it. In 1814 he loft Prairie d 
Ohien and came to Red Bock. He was throe years aaBociILtedE»^:^d 
with John A. Ford in selling goods, after which, in 1848. he re— ^* 
moved to St. Paul, where he opened a store. He died in 1Sj2«.£;: 
aged siscty-five yeara. 

WiLLtAU B. Brows was born in Urbanat Ohio, in 1816. H»- 
spent his boyhood at home on a £EU-m and served as an appro 
tioe to a carpenter in Mt. Carmel, lUinola In April, 1848, b» 
came to Bed Rock mission in company with Bev. B. T. Kav 
nangh, Charles Cavalier and Julia Bosuell. He lived upon a far 


until 1854, when he sold out and removed to St. Paul, where h«dEie 
dealt in real estate. Dnring the BobelUon he served three yeaJKr-^M 
in Company C, Sixth Minnesota Volunteers. He was marrie^^»ed 
in 1841 to Martha Xenman. He died Kov. 25, 1874. 

William Fowler settled in Newport in 1852 and has becoitj««z3e 
a pn>minent farmer and sucoeesfnl stockman. His Ihrm, whic^ tit 
originally cost him *2,500, he sold in 1887 for $80,000. He wr ^» 
for two years president of the Minnesota Agricultural SocieU.^=^f, 
and five years of the Dairymen's Association. Ho was a memlj ■ '"'' 
of the house of representatives in 1872. During the war V ^ 
served as Uoatenant in the Eighth Minnesota Volunteers. 


Oakdale includes township 29, range 21. Originally it i^^="* 
covered with white, black and burr oak timber; the surface ' w 
rolling, and the soil well adapted to the cnltivation of wheat. ''^i 

is well watered and has numerous lakes, among which Lake Elcr=n)^ 
is favorably known as a summer restirt- 

Oakdale was organized :is a town November, 1S5S. The fi '*' 

Kui»ervisors were K. C. Gray, John Bershen and E. L. Mor"* 
The clerk was W. Armstrong. 



The first sultler wiw B. B. Cy])her8^ who kept a hot«I or stop- 
ping plac»! on .Suii Finh lake in 1W8. The year following John 
Morgan built a more ooiumodious house a mile and a half west 
on the Htage load, and this wan afterwanl known as the ** Half- 
va.y Houjw*," it bi'ing nvarly midway betweon St. Paul and StilJ- 
wat4*r. At this well known station tho pioneer stages of Wil- 
loiigbby & Powers changed horaes at noon, and the passengers 
took dinner. In 1855 the property passed into the hands of E. 
C. Gray. The Maloni's, I^)hmaius Grays, Day, Stevens, and Gar- 
diner located here in the '5<)8. 

The 6r8t post office established was iu 1857, in the south part 
of the town, in section 35. Arthur Stephens was for ten yeant 
poetuiaster. The office was called Oakdale, and was discoutin- 
ned and another cstabli.shcd at the Half-way Honse, and called 
Lohmanville post office. In 1873 it was transferred to the Oak- 
dale station on the raiIroa<l. It was discontinued iu 1876, and 
ro-«0tAbli8ht!d at Bass Lake station, where it has since remained 
but is now known :is the I^ake Etrao post offioe. 

The St. Paul & Stillwater railroatl passes through this town 
from east to west. It has three stations, Ijake Blmo, Oakdale 
and Midrale, 

The churches of Oakdale are the St. John's Lutheran and the 
Cburch of the Holy Angels. These churches have tine buildings 
and good congregations. The buililings are located on the line 
of the old stage road, and hare spacious burial grounds attached. 
Lake £1mo is the ouly village in tbc town. It is handsomely 
located on Liike Elmo. The company that platted the village 
has «xpende<l over $<)5,000 on impruventeul& The hotel is an 
ele^ot and spacious building, and a favorite resort for summer 
toarists. The lake was originally known as Baas lake, and the 
sitatiou was known as Bass Lake station. In 1879 the lake and 
etatiou were recbriatened Elmo, a name certainly more musical 
snd ebarming than the original, and inferior only to the aborigi- 
nal name, which ought to have beeu retained. 

E. C, Gbav came originally from Pennsylvania, and located in 
Oakdale in 1855, having purchased the Half-way House of John 
^lorgau. He died iu 1874, leaving a large family of childreu. 
Twu of his sous, M. P. and \V. H.. rcmaju on the family bome- 
Othurs &i-ii in St. Paul. All are known as men of good 



ARTHUR Stephens wm bom in Bcotliind in 1830. Uecame to 
America in 1839, lived ftwhile in Illiuois, learned the trade of a 

mason and plasterer, came to St. Paul in 1819, worked at his « 

trade nutil 1854, when he removed to Oakdale, where, with the ^ 

exception oChix years' residence at atillwaler, he has since lired. _, 

Mr. Stephens served as postmaster Uin years, as eounty commifi- — * 

sioner three years, and has filled town offic«*8. H^ vas married f»d 

to Marie Payden in 1852. Their children are Harris S., Arthor, «.-». 
Elizabeth and Emma. 


The tovn comprises township 31, range 21. It was organized .C^ed 
as a town in 1880. A. J. Soule was the first moderator, George ?'*-^^' 
Walker the first clerk and treasurer. The eeatern and sonthem mx—tu 
portions are diversified, being quite ragged and uneven. The^*.***' 
western part is (juito level, and was originally timbered with.«-C ^b 
burr oak and' poplars. The town abound.s with lakes. BaldJt:» Md 
Eagle lies partly in the town; Oncka, Rice, Egg, Eagle. Horse— ^Ji** 
shoe, and others are within the town. Small springs andE^ >d 
rivulett) abound. A taiwirack swamp, varying in width from i^ae »■ 
few rods to a half mile, traverses the town from north to soatlv -^=^-s 
forming a natural barrier betweim the eastern and western divi «r^*-' 
mons. The principal lake is Oneka, located in sections 9 aniE-^ • ^* 
16. Rice lake has been celebrated as tlie refiort of Indians froi 
MendotA, who canipe<l here annually to gather wild rice for tbf 
8t^. Paul and Minneapolis markets. 

The first settlers were Fayette 'Fainter and John Ghester.^' 
yoang men who came together in 1850 for the purpose of local 
ing claims and baling hay. They cairied on a stock farm foff 
five years. The next settlers, Lewis Bcmplcr andhissou-in-Iav,. 
Joseph Freeman, came in 1855. They were followed by Dnxm, *" 
Barnnm, Hatch and Beeeroft. 

The Stv Paul & Duluth railroad passes through the westerc:^ 
part of the town, entering in section 31, and leaving in sectioic*^ 
5. There is but one station upon the road, Centreville, a thriv 
Ing little Tillage, ha\ing a hotel, store^ school boose, eCo, It 
post office was established in 1874. 

The first school district was organised in 1867. Ruth Hillei 
taught the fii-st school. The first marriage was that of Joee| 
lAmbert and Mary Courtone. The first child btMnrvas Hoyt £. 
son of O. L. Kiuyou, Dec 27. 1863. The first death was tbiit< 
HerVwrt. son of O. I*. Kinyon, May 30, 1869. 


Locatt'd in the northeast ijuuxt^ir uf seclion S, wan platted May, 
1847, by Franklin Jones; Cba«. B. Lowell, surveyor. 


Located on Bald Knglc lake, was platted in 1880, by Chas. P. 
Hilli Briuckerhoflf & Pbilliiia, surveyoi-s. 

Daniel Hopkins, Sr., son uf Daniel Hopkins, of whom bio* 
graphical mention is ma*le in the history of Newport, was born 
in New Hampshire, lie came to St. I'aiil in 1850, and engaged in 
the mercantile business on Third street nntll 1852, when he re- 
moved to a form between St. Anthony and 8t. Paul, and dealt 
exten^vely in blooded stock until about l$d5-5(>, when he pur- 
chased the farms of Austin and Taiiiter, on Rico creek near the 
railroad. His farm consixtA of about GOO acres. The railroad 
has a dag station at tho farm known as Hopkins station. 


^Ffitillwater compriaes flractional township 30. range 20, except- 
ing the site of the city of Stillwater. The surface is rolling 
and the soil good. It is well watered with rivulets and small 
lakes. The Urst settlers in the town outside the city limits were 
the Lymans, consisting of the father (C-oruelius) and two sons, 
C Storre and D. P., Charles Macy, VV. T. Bontwcll, Sebastian 
Marty, Wm. Rutherford, J. J. McKenzie^ Albion Maaterman, 
and Dr. James Carey. The first white child born in the town 
was Emily B., duughter of C. 8. Lyman, in 1846. The firat 
death was that of Betsey, daughter of C. 8. Lyman, in 1846. The 
first marriage was that of Abraham Click and Jane Sample, in 
185J. The first school was taught by Cynthia Pond, in 1852. 
The first road thitftigh the town was fh)m Dakota village via 
Cameliau lake and Marine to St. Croix Falls. Messrs. Rnther- 
ford & Booth in 1857 built a flour mill on Brown's creek, which 
empties into the St. Croix near the head of the lake. The null 
was lociilwl above McKiisick's lake, and has l)eeii for some years 
abandoned. Brown's creek originally pasHe<l through seilions 
18, 19, 20 and 21 to the river, but was turned in 1843 from its 
natural course, and made to tonneot McKusick'S lake with the 
^ Croix by a new channel cut through sections 28 and 29, thus 


giving to Stillwater its initial advantages a» a mannfactarlDg -^ 
centre. The Washington county poor form, consisting of 207 "S* 
acres of Lmprovod laud with good buildings and other conven- — ^- 
ienoes, van located iu this tovu in 1858. 


Was platted May 27, 1857. It is situated between the city o 
Stillwater and South Stillwater, with frontage on the lake. The^ mit 
proprietors were John Parker, Win. Dorr, Gold T. CartiSrw-i^sis, 
Mary Curtis, Olive A. B. Anderson, and Wm. M. McCloer. Th^>.cAe 
surveyor was A. Van Voorhes. 

The township of Stillwater was organized April 3, 1860, witlt^Cc^ib 
the following board of oflScors: Mnderator, Cornelius Lyman mix^o 
judges of election^ 11. Packard, W. T. Boutwell, D. P. Lyman M*:.M.a 
supervisors, C. Storrs Lyman. IL Packard, Henry A. Jaokman mim^a 
clerk, Sylvanus Trask. 

David P. Lyman was born in St. Lawrence coantyt Ne^F-^»ew 
York, in 1822. In 1844 he came witii his parents to Marine. IkJC^ In 
1840 he n-rnoved to his present residence in the town of Stillf t Mill- 
water. Ue was uiauried to Anna J. liaiiuah, at Parmiugdalef* C^e, 
nUnoia, in 1860. They have five children. Mr. Lyman is v-^x fto 
upright, relinl>le citizen, and a consistent member of the Presbj^l.^^^' 
t<eri»n rhurch. 

Hrnbv A. Jackman, a native of Bobbinstown, Maine, w** '•SB 
born July 30. 1819. He was married to Sarah Blanchard i* ia 
1848. Mr. Jacknmn, with his family, his father and his wife*-— 3^e*8 
parents, came West in 1849 and located in Stillwater. In 1851 tnf Ae 
removed to bis farm. He hafi since eugaged in Harming aoc^^i"/ 
lomboriug, and has tilled 8everarimi>ortant {Kisitioua. HeBer«!^»-«' 
as school trustf!e fur 30 ynars, as county commisKioner 8 ypars, i^ ^ 
warden of sUite pri.wn 4 years, as state prison inspector IJ" ^ 
yoara, and was a representative in the territorial legislature •- ^^ 
ISSG, and the state legislature of 186". Mr. Jackman's fother, 
native of Brunswick, Alainc, diod at his son's residence in Sli 
wntcr. April, 1867. aged seveuty-fonr years. He was a m 
honored for his kindness and sterling integrity. His wife, __ 
mother of Henry A., died iu Maine iu 1844. Three sons an^** 
four daughters survive them. The children of Henry A. Jacb^'^ 
man are ^larj' E. (Mrs. Russell Pease), Jamee E. and Alic?^ 
(Mrs. Wm. A. Bo.xweU). 





Fbedemc J. CrKTiR, a native of Ireland, was boru in 1818. 
Before coming to Amcricai he learaisd tlie trade of boot and shoe 
malniig. He came to America in 1S43, and spent two yeaiB in 
Nrw York nty working at his tradi?. He also spent two years 
in;St. Loais and New Orleans. Ho came to Stillwater in 1848 
and aeCtlt^ on his form in section 9, where he has f«inoe lived. He 
held the ofiicL' of sheriff two yoai-s. He was one of the first police 
uf tiie city of StiUwat«^r and lias been town treuKurer and scthool 
director. He was married to Bridget Fentou iu 1849. Their 
chihlrcn are Daniel, Thomas, James, '^iHal>eth, Mary, Maggie, 
and Ellen B. 

David Coteb was born in Westmoreland county, Pennsylva- 

bka. May 23, 182C. In 1S44 he came with his parents to St. Louis, 

MiUMiuri, where he bi'tsime a riv^er pilot, and engaged iu lumber- 

ing for eight yt-an, when he came to Stillwater, and for some 

jrars gave his attention lai^ely tti selling log^ and lumber be- 

•veen Stillwater and St. LuuiH. During the years between 1860 

find 1870 hi6 bufiinem transactions were heavy, involving hun- 

<iFed5 of tlionsandfl of dollars annually, and ft-om some ii^judi- 

c'io(» movements, due to lock of experience, resulted in dis- 

»;4tn)uj« failuni. After hi» failnre he devote<l himself to fiirming 

_«iid fire in»»unui(w business. He was married in 1850 to Elisabeth 

^^juTold. They are the parents of three sons. Mr. Cover was 

aocideutally drowned in Lake St Croix Sept. 14, 1884. His life 

-vrvs insured for «17,UO0. 

Jota Pabkeb came from Vermont to the valley of the St. 
CTroix in lfi4S, looiiled for a eouj>le of yfars at St. Croix Falls, 
a*i«U Inline to Oak Park, town of Stillwater, about 1850. In 1848 
^r r. Parker was married to Susan, daughter of David Cover, who 

tl>o»-»^him three children: E<lwin E.,, killed by theexplo- 
^"*-^ti of rhr boilers of the st^-amer Pcnn Wright, near Winona; 
-V ol& n £. , living ai home with his mother, and Ella, wife of Henry 
I*«s-v-ey, of Stillwater. Mr. Parker was a kind hearted, genial 
^^^JMt He was one of the early river pilots, and came to his 
<l«-r%th iu June, 1867, while in the i»ertbrniance of his duties as A 

IX»i loi. In handling a line to "snub'' a rart. he was canghtin its 
<«>i Vsand so bruised that he died. 


•^^A at present organiKi^d, includes township 28, rauge 21. At the 
da.l(> of its organization, in 1858, it was named Rod Bock, and 


wtrrr rzxi 

»■<» |« Ifwdn^n » llf tie '/v#r twoHMdom of 

3N, fWHP* SEZ. TliU fmgm*'ttt cuatMitm Cbe b 

^fW iiu'iuilM In ib« torn frf Xevport, «iiid fron this roefc, 

i»flX nUlw] lt«4l lUK-k, ih" l/rwt) rfc«ir«d ite link aaae. T 

\itmrA ttt Umti fttntt-n r/>nHiHt«d of John Colby, modctaCtfr; 

litHU Niid 0. Hf^litiK'lillng, jnOKffl of filectloa: John Colbj. J< 

A- Vnn), J. J. Mlll'T. «iiiMirvlfton»; Bbtrm-z^T Ayers, clerk. 

Tti't inwri hohl llm niinid of KihI liiKik until IH59, wbeo, by; 
ll<*iitloii friiin ilin l<.«KlHlittiiri^ that another town bore the 
i(»iiH>, tlin hiMknl oliAiiKril tlio nanio to Woodbury^ a Damegir 
III lioiHM- 4>r Jiiil^o Woodltnry, of Nnw Uainpshiref a partica 
nioml nf Mr. IVtIby, iit ttuit time obairman of the board. 'i__ ne 
(ViirlltMi iHMiliiliitnK llio PhIiiUmI rocic was B«t oflT by order of ^^be 
Imiifil ot roiiiity iHHiiniJHHlunrnt, nui'ting at Stillwater in I ft ^^ P l. 
iiiiil itilitcil III Ni<w]Hiil. 1( JH wiitt that this act did not meet IT ^tb 
tlin Itmirly iippiitvHt nf l\w citixt'im of the town. 

TIm> lowit vtiw iirtulniilly tiiiilH>r<>«l with various species of o<^sifc* 
Tim fi\irlHiH< U uiitlitltitluie, uiid in Iho westorn part there are ^f>- 
I Hjit httlH or hlullk, U i» II tine ut*ricuUaral town, well vfvte^rti 
ttlth l-<f1H>k^ H(ivli\|pi ami 61uaI) laki«. 

ThP Ami ikrnlom wimtv th(« MtfUatlMi^ UiddlvUHM, Bobert Cm. »• 
mlivipK Jtthii 1>««iior. iuhI J<iMfA Ooopcr. The fim marri^^ 
«ikM thai \^ J\vt\u M('llalli«' uid Jmw MMdtatoa, Jan. 10, 1»^'' 
Ttw Am I'^htM Uwti \ki» ^tf«h MiiliUil>fc> kftenrard the wiiie- ^^ 
A«ilkk\^v> ^\il*. oi N«^«)x\it. The Ant Amih WW thai of Sar^^ 
M>vMMv««k Uv 4. tM», tW ftrst lnrv)<d r««l in the town W^^ 

»ifc»»^WMmtafcitt>h»^ til Maui OAiykta the— them pM» ^^ 
lh*%f>w«;U ktiMtv4MKfs ifWtftaiaaMe. IW lest ochoei was i 

Jtk^yjh IMM«Mh--tW htohfc? nf 




undotBtood uolhitif^ or the English langaage, and applied to the 
Sweduh ooDiSul fur aid. Lord Selkirk wns then raising ft com- 
pMiy of loou to go Ui bis Bettlemciit on Bed river, British Amer 
ica, aud 8<>lkirU, Mho could speak Suedish, spoke kindly to the 
tfViendkiwltMl, and olVur(^dt4) take hjm with him to the New World. 
fie, not knoving what eljs« to do, oonuftutM to go. After his ar 
«i\*iU ho found employment with the ITadKoii Bay r4mi]i;uiy for 
tt time, and subwteqaently came down to the Fort Snelling rescr- 
nation. When the settlers were driven from the reservation in 
1839, h« nude a farm in wimt in now Woodbury, Wikshingtoii 
eoQD^. At l<lki' 8ij]»eriot% iu 182:>, he had been married ((i Mar 
garHi Bai^, a woman of fine mind. With her limited eduea- 
ttonal privileges, very few of any age or nice can be. found her 
^Kptal. Mr. and Mrs. Kolstrom were both eonsistent ChriHtianH, 
memliere of the Methodist church for many years. He lived 
[ftirriug. wlventuroua life, and, daring his serviceas mail carrier 
between Prairie tUi Chieu aud Fort Sn»'Iling, he had many hair- 
bnMulUi escapes from hostile Indians. Uc died in July, 1S59. iiia 
tifesorviveil him till Feb. 6, 1880. 

AlbxakuehMcHattie. — At the age of sixteen Mi-. McHattie 
li'ft hifl home and worked as a teamster and farmer for about 
tivey<«r«, and In IHiiH came from Scotland, his native country^ 
to America. He live<l a eunple of yoArs in Vermont, a short 
time in Xew York, Ohio and Indiana. In 1839 he rAme to Ga- 
/oIU^ (llinoi^, and migrated thence in the name year t-o St. Cruii 
[f^XlA. He alAO made a short stay at Uray Clond island; was in 
'I*«>»ioott in 1840; in 1841 ma^le a home in Alton, aiwl in 184.'» at 
^^Vofldhnry. He married Margaret 31iddIeton in 184S. 
H J'OHX McHattie. — John, the oldest brother of Alexaiider 
^pEcslKattie, came from Scotland to this country iu 1833, and 
||^e!t*l<Kl in Wofxlbury in 1841. He was uiarri«!d iu 1846 to Jane 

"XiiE Minni.ETXiN Familv.— James sriddlet^jn, Sn, with his 
i ffe, throe sous, William, Samuel, and James, aud live daugh- 
-xr&, came to this ooautry &om Ireland. William, the oldest, 
^Kk^pired by filial duty, came first, it being his ambition to 
sure for tus parentfl a home on American soil. He was not of 
when, in 1838, he left- Ireland, full of hojw and enthnHiaam 
*Or bi« project. He fnnnd his way to St. Lonis in 1842, and 
^^Une thenoe with Hungprford & Livingston to St. Croix Falls. 



He remained with them two yiars ami then, i-eraoving farther 
south, made a claim on unsun'eyed goveniineiit land in what ii 
now the town of Woodbury. Duriug the succeeding year, ISiS. 
he and his brother Samuel worked for Jolin McKuKick. an' 
by diligence and self dt^nia! 8uce#<;de<l in earning enough hi ju 
the pa^isage of his father and his family to the Uoit«d States, and 
to bring them to their claim on the prairie. It was a joyftil day 
when the parents arrivetl, aud since then the unit«d family ktrt 
their home at and near the selected homesliead, a model fiusil; 
in their unity of pnrj>ose and affectionate regard for each otiier. 
William visiteti California. He died at his home in 1855. Sauiiuii 
enlisted and did gallant service in the Union Army during 
late Civil War as a member of Company £, Tenth Mi 
Volunteers, aud died in the hospital at Memphis, Feb. 29, 
James, a younger brother, was born in 1S33. He made a 
near that of his brother, and is prominent in the commauilT 
which he lives. He was sergeant-at-arms in the le| 
member of the honse in 18*fi, and servinl five yean* in W; 
ton county as county commissioner. Mr. Middleton remo< 
to St. Paul in 1880, where he now resides. The father died i» 
165-1, the mother in 187f>. 

Newixotox Gii-BEBTwasbom in Onondaga county, New Yor^ 
Feb. 17, 1815. Mr. Gilbert settled in Woodbury in 1851. f^ 
company with Mr. Bu.swell he built the North Star floorit'*^ 
mill iu 1860. He operated this mill eleven years. Mr. Gilbe- J' 
was a member of the Democratic wing of the coustitutioual c»-^^' 
vention in 18.57. He was married toCelestia B:uigs in 1860. Tb-^*^ 
have two children. 

Bbknezek Aveb» was born in Herkimer county, New Toe ^ 
His early life wiis devoted to hard labor, still snoh was hi8«==^ 
for study and the acquisition of general knowledge, that lieni^*'°" 
aged to acquire a very respectable and thorough education. ^ 
185f> he cftme with his parents to Fort Wayne. He commence'*'* 
tesiching school sutiu alter and taught eight years. In 184A * 
removed to Shelby county, Kentucky. He was married in li*"*" 
to Lucy Connelly, of Shelby county. He removed to BnfP*^^ 
New York, in 1850, and sold goods until the spring of l^***^ 
when he Uw-ated in Woodbury and engage*l in fiarmiDg. He ^f^^ 
a man uf energy, and possessed of gi-cat will power. He tools 
deep interest in town and county affairs, aud served w to*" 


in Woodbury eleven years. He was a representative in 
Cinnesota state legislature in 1867 and 1872, and while iii 
capacity proved himself a ready debater. He had natnral 
y as an orfi^nizer. He was an active member of the Green- 
party, and was rigidly opp<»ed to monopolies. He died in 






The or^Dizatiou of the territory of MiuiieMota in 1.H49 aalt 
ally gave a new impettiH to Hettlement, and nmrkwl an en in U 
progress of the settlementa already made. None profited more I 
the iieworderofthingsthaudirtStiUwatcr. Thefoture[uetn)|M>lis 
of the St. Croix ralley, though yet unorgauized even as a viU 
and governed by town and county law, in 1860 presented a mi 
of unwonted activity. Ont of iieiirly a linndred arrivals wt* 
the names of John C. Gardiner, Samuel M. Register. H. C. Vi 
Voorhoco, John N. Ahl, Ralph \VhecIer, Dr. E. G. Pogsley, Dl 
Moroy. dentist, and Theodore E, Parker, a lawyer. This 
was rejidored uolablu by the i-stablishuieiit of a livery stable, 
Holcomb & John.wn, a new store by Burkelo & Mower, a Mcc 
by R. Hersey, by tin? Imilding of tht? second saw mill by SflW)'« 
& Qeaton, by the commenremrnt of R4'-miiii(!k's brewcrj', \iy tl 
advent of Antonio Brothers' circns, and the occnrrenoe of & 
niarkable freshet, on which occiyuou the steamer LamartliK 
tailing a<Ivantage of the high water, made a pleasore excoreio 
up the river, and over the shallows at the month of Apple rlw 
nud a short distance np that stream. Morton WilkiusoD ai 
Michael Ames were amongst the excursionists, and, looking 
from the steamlwat ujion the I)road, deep expanse of the swoUe 
river, uongratnlated their fellow paHsengers upon the disoovw 
of a hitherto unknown navigable stream, tribntary to the aait 
tic St. Croix. The Swiss Bell Ringers were on Iwanl. and adilefl 
greatly to the pleasure of the occasion by their weird ami i«'C(i' 
liar mnaic. The Lamartlne, on returning to Stillwater. fuuKl 



hores aad levees Habmerged, and passing over them Innded 
jasseDgers directly from the boat npon the floor of the Min- 
ta House, on the southwest corner of Chestnnfcand 3fain. 

water was fonr or five feet deep in the street before the 
I. The streets in the lover part of the city bare since been 
4 several feet, so that a flood of the same dimensions wonid 
)verfluw them aH it did then. There haa, however, iu the 
dOry of the oldeHt inhabitant, been no other flood etpial to 
of 1850. 

.losion has been made in the history of Stillwator town to 
lirersion of the waters of McKusick's lake by a new outlet 
le river. This device, ho beneficial to tht; city of Stillwater 
her respects, camo near resiiltinK in disasU^r. The old out- 
f the lake ha<l been obstructed by a dam, while the waters 
I oondnctttd by a new outlet down a deep ravine and con- 
l to their ehiinncl by dikes consisting of a mixture of clay, 

and gravel. This extended to within six hundre*! feet of 
nill on the lake shore. On May 14, 1S52, during a terrible 
n, the dam at the new ontlet gave way and a tremendous 
' of water, carrying with it the debris of dikes and dams, 
ed tomnltnously down the ravine, covering the low shores 
(6 lake beneath, and depositing a new geological stratum of 

over a sarface of at least six acres to an average depth of 
It ten feet. It was wittily said at the time that such an ex- 
rdiuary movement in real estate had never before been 
kq: bnl, although a downward movement, thai seemed very 
h like ruin to all concerned, esj>coially to tht; mill, the ma- 
ery of which wa^ completely buried, it neverthele&s heralded 
le in pric*w. Qnagmins* were filled, unsightly obstruetiom* 
ed or swept away and a fine ptatean for buildings was formed 
g the lake. 

le dam was r^phu'ed and greatly strengthened, and the water 
ooudacted through pipes and hy<irant« to the city. Occa- 
ally, for years afterward, the diggers of cellars or cisterns in 
tmrietl region would unearth inUirestinganteililuvian relics. 
» l>arrels of i>ork wer** exhumed from the cellar of Me- 
iok*s store, and found iu a good stale of preservation. Some 
« later remains of a fiirnuore ancient character , were iUsu 
(rthed uear the corner of Thini and Myrtle streets. The tusk 

mastodon was brought np from a 4eptb of thirty-six feet 

nfche surface. 




Stillwater was iDCori>oraU>(l :u4 a city iu 1854. The folIovlBgJ 
officers were elected ou the first Monday in Apnl of that ymr 
Mayor, John MrKu8ick; rwordfr, O. D. GilBlIaii; trejwiinr. W 
H. Mower; Oninciliiien, J. C. York, .1. N. .M:iKteriuati, C. Owli. 
We append a list of mayors from 1854 to the present tim^: John 
McKusick, 185i; John Pisher, 1855; Wm. Willim. 1S50-6W:: 
Albert Stiusou, 1357; A. B. Gorgas, 185S; T. M. Fullerton, IK^: 
Mabloii Black, 186(M}1; F. R. Delano, 1862; David Bronson, 1^ 
-6-1; Wm. Grover, 1865; C. J. Butler, 1868; Wm. HoIooidI*^ 
1869-70; Wm. McKusick, 1871-72; A. K. Do4S 1873; Wm. «. 
Bronson, 1874-75-76; E. W, Durant, 1877; John 8. Pro('ti»r,l»Til 
-79-80; Samuel Mathews, 1881-82-83-84; Ho! lis R. Mur^Mk. 
1885; Isaac Staples. 1886; George M. Seymoor, 1867-88. 


The following is a complete list of city marshuhi since 1^: 
Jonathan B. McKnsick. ia54; John Parker. 1855; John OUyt 
1856; Dennis Snilivan, 1857; Robert Hasty, 18.W: Thomas Aiit 
Glair, 1859; Doncan Chisholm, 1860-61-62-63; John ShortalL 
18H4-65; Jolin May, 1866, six months; P. E. Kcefp. IS^m 
John Jlay, 1868, six months; John Shortall, 1869: H. Mclntjr*, 
1870; Duncan Ohisholm, 1871; John Lyons. 1872-3, cightedi 
months; Mathew Shortall, 1873, and continnously to the present 
time. Mr. Shortall's long term of office proves him an effecOT* 
and popular officer. F. L. McKnsick is police court officr. U^ 
is a veteran of the police force and has acquitt«d himself l^ ^'''' 
satisfaction of the people of Stillwater. 


.Bstebliahetl in 1845, was located first at the corner or3£»ia 
and Chestnut streets. The fir^ [>ostmaster was KUm Qrifly 
His successors were .Tolui McKusick, John 9. Proctor, Rarl<?)' ^• 
Onrtis. Mahlon Black, .\brahnm Van Voorheo, H. D. Cnt)«'- ^ 
J. Bntts. and — 5!c<_^rthy. During 1845 a citizens* mail "• 
brought from Point Douglas. Its rt-gnlarity depeode<l *ovtr 
what on the Heaaon. During the winter it was brought )^i<^ 
times as tnA«qnently as ouct.* a month. In 1846 » goveninK<i' 
line was MtAbliidml from Point Donglas, and the maii v>* 
brought with greater regularity. Iu 1S48 a mail ooftch lin('«'>^ 
Mtabliskhed twtwecu Stillwater and St. Paul. The year fullev- 



ing u weekly mail was efitablishetK The rapid incrcaso of setOe- 
mentfl ou tliu Uppor Mississippi created a demnud for more 
frequt'iit mails; coii-sfqiiciiMy fn)m ISfiO to tlu; couipletiou of the 
railroad loading into Htilhvatur, :t daily uiail wius bruugbt into 
Stillwater dnriog the Bumm«r Uy st<*amboata, and hy the Wis* 
oonsiQ overland route ilnriiig the winter. 



Aa an evidence of the gi-owtb of-tlie city we append poet otBoe 
istics of Balarifs, esiMiiiHtft and income for the yeai* 1835: 


Balaa of postage ttamps, ettTftlapta, nowspaper wrap- 
pen, postal cards, #u> 

Box tvat recrired.. 

912,083 34 
-> 166 -25 



PMtoutfter'B «Alarj- $2,400 00 

ExpeosM for rent, ftie)* lights, clerk hire, etc. 3,:t00 00 

f L4,659 Sf» 

$5,700 00 

Kct ineomc. 


KKeived for domettic orders. 

ReceJTed far fee;) on i^ime 

Seceived for internation»t order*. 

Keeaived for fee» oa aame 

$t»,lS» &t» 

$90,305 63 

131 50 

l,51d 61 

-34 9a 

$3i,9so sa 

Honej orders paid $24,140 8S 

OnrtlficmtM of depoait... 7,B40 00 $31,980 S8 


Itonieetic sDd foniga letters mid packaKea registered 1,631 

Registered nuitter iu transiL 2.327 

Total pieces himdled- „...^....» 3,&4S 

.Snniberof poacheH dispatched dotty.... „ 34 

Komber of poachnt dispatched seiuf-weehl; _ 3 

Number of poaches received dally- 94 

Nomber of iKiQches received avmi-weekly.^ 3 


The following hotels were bnilt in atillwat«r prior to 1850: 

Northrop Hotue, baill by Anson Northrap, uorthwiAt comer Mala street 
and Kelmo nllejri L844. 



8tiUwat«r House, built l>y Aaaoii l^orthrop, lot 3, Main street, 1A4S. 

Miuneeoto Houm, bailt by EUun Greeley, aontliweiit oomer ftlua 
Myrtle, 164a. 

take House, built liy .Tulm W. BrewRter, emt (tide of Miin tttreet In tnni^Miii 
Tfelson anil Chestnut, l&IS. 

Of the huteLs built subseiiutiiitly to 1S50. the most popular an'^^Ml 
wt'll kuowu is tlif? Sikwynr HouHe, on the northwest oorDcr c^mqT 
Chi>Mtnut and Tliinl 8treet«. It waK built iu 1857, by Henn- Ba^^av- 
yer, opened by G. E. B. Whitcber, an<l kept in 8ucc««ni»n by J. 

and A. Lowell, Isaac Staples, A. Lowell and A. K. E>oe. Tbr^tr 
other hotels built duriug this period were the Liberty IIoti^, ^^-^B)^ 
John N. Ahl. 1S56; Farmers Home, 1S67; Williams TTiiiT lu^ 
1870; Wciio Hotel, 1870; the Keystone House. 1872; the 
fiion House, 1872; Geotml House, 1879; EllioU's HoUfl, 1883. 


To Christopher Carli ia due the honor uf conducting the fi 
hanking (»perationa in Stillwater. In 1855 he iamied and ^a«- 
deemed fractional currencj'. Darling, C:wweU & Scheffer, J^^ut. 
27, 1857, opened a private banking house, and from 1859 to 1^^M_ 
operated it as a state bank, when it was cbauged into the 


of Stillwatei*. The capital tUock was (50.000. The Entt 
were: Charles Scheffer, president; O. R. Ellis, cashier. The- of- 
ficers in 1886 were: Ix>uis Hospes, president: C. N. Nelson, v^oe 
president; F. U. Prince, cashier. The capital stock is $25i(i,(P^^ 
The gross amount of debits and credits during the year cloft^ ȣ 
Junes, 1880. were$:iO,i>00,0(H>. We append the annual [rej>«rt 

of 1886: 


LoBwi niul diftcoonta _ |i ^|.a|JT 7* 

OverdniftA 1,7*0^ 

United States bonds to secare circnlatiOD 60,000 tt 

Doe from nppmved roMrre agesla i $30,909 72 

Doe from otlier luHioual bonks „ 4,366 86 

I>ne rtom state hank« and IjaakeiB ,_ a.4Vl 48 38,768 » 

lie*! MtAtA, famiture and flxtures.. 1S,OU0 A 

Current expeunM and taxes paid „.., 11,100 M 

fumlnnui paid ...„ ».(littoa 

Om^ and other casb itetna „ _ t,e94 u) 

BilU of otber banks ., l,S86 Ot) 



Fnu-Uunal paper citrresiT', nu'kelsand pennies 77 07 

S|W*ie - 33.390 00 

I-«gil t«n(ler notea 17.i40 00 53,86« »8 

J{e4(^mption fond with raited Stutei treaaarftr {five 

percent of ciicalatiun) Q.Q50 00 

Total $906,018 11 


Capitttl stock paid in fiZSO.OOO 00 

i^nrpliui fond ftO.t)O0 OO 

UndiWdnl proflts 'J^.017 00 

flutiutial hunk not«tont9tondius 4.'i,000 00 

DirldendK unpaid 20 00 

iofltviilnii) dvpowta subject to check t'236,005 7^ 

■ Demand i'«rttfIoales of de[MMit. S,305 93 
Tim* crnififiite* of de|>08it 224,333 41 

-Cafihier'x cliL-ck!! oatxtiincltD^ „ (179 ftTt 

I>iie to other nutionnl banks „ 3,507 67 

I>ue to state bcuikj and Innkera 5,3AS 78 476.079 46 

INotesBod bills rediwounted 40,399 OS 

Total f900,Uie 11 

OrganUwI J:ui. 10, 18TI. Capital stock, *150,000. First of- 
ficers: Isaac Staplfs, prmiilent; fl. W. L^nnoii, ciishicr. Tn 1886 
^ the bank liiwl in capital slock ^2oO,«i)i) and u snrplas of it5(J,00t>. 
B The present ofllcere arc: Presideut, Isaac Staples; vice pi'esi- 
H Oeut, K. F. Hcrsey; board of directors, Isaac Staples, R, F. Utr- 
H.sey. E. S. Edgcrton, Uavid Tozer, E. W. Murant, David Bruiisou, 
B^/McKusick, Matt Clark, Wm. G. Bronson, E. L. Hersey, R.S. 


I'Oi^CnDized Jan. 10, 1873, nader an act of the legislature of 
18«7. with the following Iward of trustees: Isaac Staples, presi- 
Aleut; David Broiiiion, Dwight M. Sabin. Lewis E, Turiiius, 
"Wni. WilHm, I. E. Staples, and H. W. Cannou. 


"Was iucorporated March S, 1SG7. The Orst officers were: Presi- 
dent, David Cover; vice president. Louin Ho«pe«; secretary, E. 
W. Dnrant; treasurer, David Itronson, Jr.; stirreyor, Ivory E. 





The boanl was orgHiiizcd in January, 1871. The first officet^ 
were: President, David Broiison; vice pi-esident, C J. Butle ^• 
seci*etan", I>. W. Armstrong; treasurer, C. Jf. Nelsun; hoard -^^ 
dinictors, John Mtdvusick, Isaac Staples, J. K. Siihleuk, ^ J- 
0'Sbaughne.ssy, M. Moftatt> E. W. Dui-ant^ J. N. Castle, B. ^i*i. 
Merrj'j G. M. Seymour, h. E. Torinns. 


The site of the city abounds in beantil'nl springs. ChiirBK' 1« 
Hathaway, while exwivatiug on his lot near Third street, stro .^ck 
a largo reincapable of supplying 1,000 barrels perday. Hectcr^tm- 
structed a reservoir with au elev:Uion of alwut fifty feet abo^^^rc 
the street, and from this source supplies the city witli water for 

sprinkling streets and other purposes. 

Tlie Stillwater Water Company was organized April 15, 18:— ^'ft 
with a capital stoek of litlOOjOOO, and wnnmeuwHl at once ^zrie 
work of improvement. This company has never yet derlarec:^ * 
dividend, having applied all it^ surplus earnings upon impro'^'^ 
ments. They have now 8i miles of wator mains, 83 hydrants »• ■**^ 
about 'JBO taps.. The wat-er supply i.s obtained frain T^ake >:^*^'' 
Kusick, which is supplied from Brown'soreek. The lake is t--^^"^ 
f&et above the business portiou of the city and is about a ni-* ' * 
distant from the same. The water is pumped into a reserv*^*-'^ 
on the highest spot of ground in the city, which is 110 feet abo"*^* 
the lake. The system is similar to that of St^ Paul, the c**^*^ 
being supplied in part by gravitation, aud in part by dii 
pressure. The elevation of the reservoir reetultA in a saviugr 
the city iu the matter of fire eagiuea, et-c. Auy fire in the bi 
ness part of the city can h*- extiuguishtnl with the use of h' 
alone. Que fire engine answerH the purposes of the city. X* 
first board of officers were: President, Edward Dnraut; v^* 
president, U. F. Hersey; secretary and treasurer, H. Nv. Oftoik^^ 


Futile eflbrts had been made as etirly hh 1859 for the orgnni- 
tion of a fire departmeut. Iu 1S72 a fire company of sixty ^ 
organized and an engine worth $7,. 500 was purchased. The 6' 
oflScers of the compauy were: Chief engineer, David Brous(» 
first aswsUnt, B. G. Merry; second assistant, U. P. VTtat; 


ginwr, C. C. Johnson; secretary, X. T. Lee; trciisuier, Fiiyette 


Was organized in 1872, by the election of the following otificera: 
Foremin. Charles McMillan: iissistant, D. B. Looniis; secretarj' 
ami tr(".i>nrer, A. K. Doe. Tlie company has received awards of 
huQor for ineritorions pcrforniaiicu of duty. 


This company was orginiized May 12, 187-4, with a capital stock 
of ^?1'-'>.'IIH) and the exelnsive right to the s;ilc and niannfaolure 
of jpi.-i fur a period of forty years. Their l)nilding8 an* lot-uted 

OH Til ird street. The first ntUcei"s were: President, Isiuie Staples; 

omiiager. H. AV. Cannon; board of din-ctors, .John McKnsick, 

b. M- Sabin. Isaac Staples, David Bronsun, L. E. Torinus, H. 

W. CiinnoD, C. H. Nash. 


Ill 1863 a telegraph office was locjited in Stillwater by a A. 
C. Liil)< a»d aline extended to St. Paul. The office is on Main 
street between Chestunt and Myrtle. 


K-tii^^lifihed a Hue from Stillwater to St. Paul in January, 1880. 
It U:i» Ji branch to Marine. 


Built an elevator near the Stillwater & White Bear depot in 
IS7i»-7l. It has a capacity of ;SOO,000 buslu-ls. The offieei-s are: 
Pr».'sitlt:»iit. Louis Ilospes; secretary and tre;usuier, H. W.Cannon. 


The first office was established by tht; Northwestern Ex[)ress 
C'omx>any, in 1855; Short, Proctor & Co. were agents. This eonij 
Vauy was succeeded in 1858 by the American, and iu 1SG9 the 
v.'nite<l States also established an office here. 


A. charter was obtained from the legislature iu 1875 to bnild a 
bridge across Lake St. Croix, from Stillwater to Houlton. The 



bndgc was oomplrt'-fl tin* eiistiiti^ yr-:ir nt a post nf Jfi-iJtCM). Il 
is 1,.t(W feet long, uiul is ftirniKhed witb it puulouii draw 300 fc*t 
in length, operate"! hy lUi engine. 


StillwiUer is the metropolis of the hniil>pririg interests of the 
St. Croix valley, uimI is iitileljtwl tn tlieiii cliiefiy for its welfare. 
These are con-sidentl sepunttfly in other part« of this history. 
The loeal interests are eemitkl eltielly iniDilLsaud luiumfnctoricM. 
of thiMnsflvi's :iniiiip>'i'tant element in the prosperity of the i-ity. 
The prineip:il ptopridoi-s of the s^aw mills siuee the fii-st M-tllr- 
lueut of Stillwater have l>een Mt-Kiwirk i^ Co., Sawyer & Heaton, 
McHale & Co., Schnleiiberg Ik Co., Hi-rsey, Staples & C-o., Her- 
sey, Kviin & Krowti, Isaae Staples, .Seymour, Sabiii & C«., Her- 
schey Lumbering Company anil Tnrnbnll Lnml^eriug Corop»iiy. 


In 1872 J. K. Tuwiwhend and W. F. Oiliill eree!.?d a flonrinir 
mill on Third street. It wjis run Uy water brought from Mc- 
Kusiek ere«-