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Full text of "Filosofīi͡a v Rossīi: materīaly, izsli͡e dovanīi͡a i zami͡e tki"

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23 ceHTflgpa 1898 r. 

npo$. BsreHlfi BoOposnb. 



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Hz3m z ip7S!i A. A. Eossosa- 

Wer hat gestrebt wie ich? Wo ist der Pfad 
Der Kunst, der Wissenschaft den ich nicht schritt? 
Wait ferner, kuhner (ohne Ruhmen darf 
Ich*s sagen) drang ich darauf fort als alle 
Die Herren, die beim ersten Meilenstein 
Umkiehrten, voll von ihrer Reise Wundern 
Und als gelehrte, selbstzufriedne Thoren 
Von gr5ssern Thoren angestaunt sich brusten. 
Ich aber wanderte und wanderte... 

(Orabbe, Don Juan und Faast, aKTi. I, cueaa II, 

MOHOJior'L 4>aycTa). 

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B0Cnp0H8BO;^HJ['L Bl JEHI^aXX CI yB^ieBaieJIBHOCTBH) H CBxapoifB. 

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HaBlH H cpa3y BaHflJii cpe;^ii cbohxi TOBapHn^efi BH^^aioiiteeca 
ificTO. Uo OBOHqaHiH Bypca b'b rnMHasiH ohx cx 1850 — 56 



ymnjicsL Ha cjroBecHOM'E ^aByjiBTeT^ MocROBCBaro YHEBepcBTera. 
Oco6eHHaro HHTepeca ki ^viJLOco^m owl Tor;(a He o6Hapya^H- 
Bajri, ^Tb HeMy^peno; Cb 1850 r. HiieHHO h 6ujie ynpasAnenn 
^HJioco^cBifl Baee^^pii bo bc'£x'b pyccKHXi yniiBepcHTeTaxi 
(BpoM^ ^epniCBaro), a npenoAaBanie jofhbh h dMnHpHqecBofi 
ncHXOJEorin 6uzo nopyneno saBOHoy^HTejflM'L. TaKHMi o6pa30M'b 
Bi 9T0 BpeMfl B'B MocBOBCBOMi yHHBepcHTexi He 6ujio caei(ia- 
jiHCia — ^iipeno;iaBaTejifl (|)njoco4)iH; dxoMy npe;[MeTy o^yqaji 
npoToiepefi TepmecmH. RosjiOB'b ^HiaJi'L no CBoe9 oxot^ Boft- 
saBifl (S^Mi^oto^CKiSi BHHFH, Haup., „KpHTHBy ^HCTaro pasyiia^ 
Eaexa bo ^paHUjyscBOMi nepesoA']^ Tucco\ ho 9to ^xenie ho 
^ajio dojibmnx'L peByjiBTaxoBX. IIpiodpixinH cxenenB BanAH^axa, 
RosjTOB'B nocxynHjri bi Mocbb'I ase npenoAaBaxejeni pyccBaro 
jiSHsa n cjiOBeCHOCxn bx RoncxaHXEHOBCRiff MeseBOfi necxExyTi 
H Bi axofi ;^0JiSH0CXH npo6Hj[i 4 ro^^a. Ri dxoMy BpeiieHH ot- 
HOCHxcji Hanajio ero JiBxepaxypnolt A'i^flxeJibHOCXH. Ho owb HHcajcB 
Tor;(a ho no ^VLJLOCO^m^ a no nojEHxnqecBoS sbohomIh (Boxopaa 
npeno;(aBaj[acB na ncxopHBO - ^^HJiojiorH^ecKOMi 4^aByj[Bxex'&, 
saBi 9X0 HM^jio Mi^cxo B'B K)pbeBCBOMi yHHBepcHxex^ AO HarnHxi 
;CHefi: nHmyn],ifi 9th cxpoBB cam npocJEym&ii bi Te^eHiH 2Vs 
ji-ixi nojiHHfi BypcB noJHTHBO-OBOHOMHqecBHX'B HayBi y npo4). 
JliHWAH). RosjiOBi roxoBBJicfl ;iaaie cxaxb y^enHMi cnenjiajiH- 

CTOMX HMOHHO HO 9X0fi HayB'i. TOF^^a a:e OH'B BM'ICX'6 CO CBOHUl 

saBaAH^HUM'B ApyroMX Bac. HBan. UoKpoecKUMz (hbeh^ hsb'j^ct- 
Euwh cxaxHCXHBOM'B) nepese^'B na pyccBifi abubi nepBnS xomi 
co^. Boscher, Grundlagen der Volkswirthschaft; 9toxi nepeBo;^'B 
Cbli'b HanenaxaHi bx 1860 r. CxaxBH RosjroBa (nanp., „o spe- 
;^HX'6 B'B 6aHBaxi'', ^o xosaficxBeHHOifB ynpaBjemn ropoj^a 
MocBBH^, „o ^HnancoBOMT. noJioaseniH Foccin^ nenaxajiHCB b-b 
pas^fHHHBEX'B sypnajianft: ^Mocbobcbhxx HsB'icxiflX'B^, „Mocbob- 

CBOMl B'tCXHHR'6", a^H^*, ^^HHaHCOBOM'B BiCTHHB*" H X. A- 

Bx 9xox'B s&e nepioAi CBoefi schshh oh^b osnaBOMH^cfl Cb co^h- 
HeniflMH niapjifl $ypBe, n 9x0 ^xenie nponsBOJio rjiy^OBoe Bne- 



HaTJi^Hie Ha mojeoaofo HeiOBi^sa. ?to Racaeicfl ero $hjioco(]^cbhxs 
y6'l3KAeHill sa 8to speiffl, to CJi^Ayfl ofin^eny Te^eeiH) pyccsoft 
MHCJiH, A. A. Ro3jroBi 6ujix Tor;[a nosHTHBHcroM's Ch icaTepia- 

JIHCTHqeCBOfi OKpaCBOK). 0C06eHHHMX aBTOpHTeTOlfB nOJBSOBaXCfl 

Torjia B'B ero rj[a3ax'L X $e&ep6axi. Ci na^aja 60*x'b toaobi 
B'L PocciH asypnajiHCTH ci WepuutueecfcuMn n UucapeeuMh bo ' 
rjasi ycep;iHO nponaraHAQpoBajTH cpe^H pyccBOfi HHiaiiLHreHi^is ^ 
^HTponojiorHCM'L $efiep6axa h naTepiajiHCMi EioxHepa. ^i> bthmi 
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anrjiftCKaro nosBXEBHCMa h aBo;iK)i(ioHECMa. ^pesBu^afiHO iii^TByK) 
xapasTepHCTHKy yMCXBeHHHX'B siflHifi bi Poccin 60-X'b fojcob'l 
;(aeT'B cani eanix asiopi bx KHHr& ^PejiHrifl'^a^a A. H» 
TojicToro, ero y^eHie o ansHH h jiioGbh'', 11 hba^ CTp. 71. 
^MaTepiajHCfi'E Bomejfx bi Baici bm%ct'6 cb 6H)XHepoMi, $ox* 
TOMi, MojemoTTOMX H T. n., a rjiaBHoe ci pacnpocTpaeeHieHi 
ecTecTBeHHHXi HayBi, OTHOCHTejiLBO BOTopuxi, 6jaro;^apa j^uui- 
KOMy cocTOflHiio y hbcb $njioco<j[»CBaro MHniJieHifl, en^e a leneps 
rocnoitCTByeTi npe;ipa3cyA0BX, 6yAT0 nxi buboau npe^^cxaBJijooTiB 
^esycjiOBHyH) HCTBHy, nes^y t^hi, saBi ohh ycJiOBOH.... Aexpo* 
nojiorncMrB, to bbho h C08HaTe;[i>H0, to tbxohojiromx b fiescosHa* 
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Bomeai Bi Baicx cl pasHux'E cxopoB'B n wh pasHuxi 4>opMax'B. 
Hsi AnrjiiH oh'b npnmejix bi eaMi bi bha^ TaMomHflro cen- 

CyaJIHCMa H aCCOaiaSHCMa H BI J^OBTpHHt OTHOCHTeJIBHOCTH 

BoiBaro BHadfl (JImobce, Mhjijil, Bbhi, CneHcepi h np.); h8:s 
$paHi](iii no npeHMyn^ecTBy B'B bha^ pasJiHHBUx'B 4^nj[oco(|)CBO- 
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pHCMa IlBepa Jlepy, Jlyn Ejiaaa, Onocia RoBTa h t. n.); nvh 
FepMaHiH B'B bba'^^ ^^hjoco^^Ih $etfep6axa^ nocTaBHBmaro nejro- 
B^Ba in abstracto aa m'6cto, npes^^e saHSHaeiioe £oroMx, bjih 
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flsi $paHi(ia B'B BBA^ BumeynoMflayTHX'B a ^pyrax'B ae aas* 
BaHBHXi aana AOBTpaai, asi Aarjiia bi bba'^^ y^eaia P. Oyeaa^ 




_ 4 — 

HSi FepMaHie bi Buji.'b yTOHifi MapEca, JlaccajiJi n t. n. RpoM^ 
o6m.efl nojs,KJia,]i.nvi anTponojiorHCMa, no Eoxopofi BCflqecRoe passniie 
H nporpeccL ne Moryxi hm^tb HHsaRofi ;tpyrofi i^^jie, EpoM^ 
cqacTbfl HeJioeiEa Boo6me, co^iaJ!lHCTHHecEia Teopin nponoBiAH- 
Bajin HCSJiio^nTejiBHyK) sa^oxy, npenMyn^ecxBenHo, o OTacxiH' 
Hesmnxi BJiaccoBi Hapo^ta, js^jib ocyn^ecxBJieHifl soxoparo He 
cji^Ayex'b ocxaHaBJiHsaxbcfl nepe^x RaRHMH 6u to he 6ujio 
sepxBaMH (nepoAi norntfejiBH) nuBiiJimm,m^ syjiBxypu, npocB'6- 
mfimn H T. n.). Bo ^pani^iH hsi coi^iaiiHCMa boshhejio ^ase 
H^HTO Bi poA*)^ EyjiBxa npojiexapiflM'B u qepHH, bi no;ipa:RaHie- 
KOTopoMy H y Haci dohbejiocb n^ojionosjioHCXBO nepe^T. Myoicv^ 
KOMh\ na Hero naA^flJiHCB, BaEi na HOBaro necciio, ROxopHfi^ 
BHcxynHBHiH Ha HCTopoHecKyK) citeHy, npHnecexx oxEpoBenie, 
HM^fon^ee pasp^mHXB isjh o6meMy yxoBOJiBcxBiK) h c^acxiB) Bct 
HpaBCXBeHHUfl, npaBOBBEH, o6ni;ecxBeHHEifl h dEOHOMnnecEifl sa*- 
TpyjKHeHifl, ci BOTopuMH He Mossexi AO CHxi nopi cnpaBHXBca 
HE pejinriji, he nayRa, he o6n^ecxBO. 3BO.TK)ixioHH€M'B npEme.i'B 
Bi HaMi CB CECxeMOH) CneHcepa e hoxomi cb ;i[apBEHHCMOM'B^ 
IT HaEonei^'B nosEXEBBCMi, oxpEi^aion^itt Mexa^ESHEy e bosmo^- 
hoctb nosHaflifl cyu^HOCXE e npEHEHBr Mipa, MipoBnx'B sasoHOB'B, 

I^^JIE fl T. n. BOBHEEl ESI H^CROJIBEEXl ECTOHHEEOBl. Hsi 

AnrjiiE owh ABEJiCfl bi oCn^OMi jkjsA anrjiiftCEaro dMnEpncMa^ 
cencyajEECMa n CRenxEi^ECMa; esx ^pani^iE ohi nepeneceHi ei 
HaMi bx bha^ no3flTEBECMa RoHxa, nocsojiBEy oh^b BEipaaieH'B 
TOJEBEO wh ero „Kypc4 noJoatExejBHOfi ^EJioco^^iE**. Hsi Fep- 
ManiE OHX npEmeji^ bi BB^t OTrojiocEOBi* oxx ^Rpexeee ^ec- 
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HUMX E HaBJieEajo no;t03p'£Hie bx mnioHCXB'fe 

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BOcnETaxejeMi e yHExejeiii b'b paBJEHHUxx ^oraxuxi AOMaxx, a 
noxoMi o6paxEJicfl sx npasTEqecRofi x^flxeJiBHOCTHy a EMenHO^ 



nepecejiajicfl OEOH^aiejibHO bx AepeBHK) h saefljcfl cejibcsBBfL h 
j['6cHHMi» xo3flficTB0Mx. H TOJEbRO xeoepb OH'B HaHHHaeT'L no- 
€TeneHHO nepexo^^HTL k'b tomj A'i^Jiy, Koropoe j^ojiseHCTBOBajio 
nonoTHTb BCK) ero ocxajiLHyH) »h3hi>, t. e. rx ^HJioco^iif. 

^ojirie 3HMHie senepa b'b ;^epeBH'6 A. A. Itodjoei npo- 
BOfl.EJL'h sa pa3Hoo6pa3HUMT> HTenieMX. Me;KAy npoHHMi cjiyvaS' 
HO nonajia OMy bi pysH RHHra OpayeHVimedma ^Briefe fiber die 
Schopenhauersche Philosophie*. ^xenie btoB yBiieRmett ero rhh- 
FH cTajio MS Ko3Ji06a naqajioMnb ero cnei^iajibHO AnjiocodbcRHxi 
niTyj^ift. Owh ex BOCTcrproH'L H3yqaeTX monenrayepa h cxaHO- 
BHXCfl ^neccHMHcxoMi^. ^OJiroe Bpena ohi Hocnjca ex MucJiiH) 
nepeBecxn na pyccRifi aseirx rjiaBHoe co^HHeme JDIoneHrayepa 
^Mipi, RaRX BOJTfl H npe^cxaBJieHie^ , ho axo no i^ensypHEiifB 

yCJIOBiflMl 6UJL0 HeB03M03EH0. ToF^^a OHl y;tOBOJIBCTBOBaJICfl 06- 

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Roxopoe OHi qacxbH) nepesejix, qacxBH) H3JiosHjrx. 9xa nepe- 
padoxRa FapxHaea noflBHjacb bi MocRB'fe bi 2-xx xoMaxi bx 
1873 — 75 rr. no^i sarjiaBieMi ^Cyni,HOCXB MipoBoro npoAecca 
HjrH4>i3(J[oco4)ifl6e3C03Haxej[BHaro^. Ona Haniira ce6'fi bx ny^JiHRJ^ 
orpoMHoe pacnpocxpaneHie n cpasy c^'^jajia hma A. A. EoBJOBa 

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Bicxefi Hsofipaataexx HHFHJiHCXRy bx tocu ^ocyra mxy^HpyiomeH), 
jiesa Ha ^inBaH'i, HMenno FapxHana bx o6pa6oxR'6 RosjiOBa, n 
BcinHCUBaH)ni;eK) na 6yMaacRy oxxy^^a Bci My;^peHEifl cjioBa cx/i 
i^i^jiBH) noxoMx XBacxnyxB hmh. KnHFa dxaA'bficxBEixejibHO cpasy ij 

€XaJia MO^HOK). 

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nosnxHBHCMay n Bn^fl bx $HJioco4)iH nayRy BOSMoasnyio n ca- 
nocxoflxeJiBHyK), Eobjiobx odpaxnjica rx ea HsyHeniH) ex xok) ate 
^e83aB'6TH0H) cxpacxBH), RaROH) H paHBme ohx BceF;ia oxjEnqaica 
bo Bcixx CBonxx 3aHflxiaxx. IIjio^taMn eFO MnnueHifl hbejiecb, 
KpoM'fi ;tByxx sypnajEBHBixx cxaxefi (bx ,,3HaHin^): ,,EpnxHRa 
^HcxopHqecRExx IlnceMx^ Mnpxosa (IE. JI. JIaBpoBa(n ^BjiaAHMopx 



-^ 6 



CoJOBbeBi, KaKi ^HJioco^x'', (no noBOjuy ero KHnrn ^RpesHCK 
sanaj^Hofi ^^HJiocoij^iB")^ rj('6 oh^b yjiH^aexi CoJOBbeea b'l cwk- 
jnemH noHfliifi peJiHriH, dorocjioeifl h ^HJioco^m, — opHiuHaiiL* 
Hoe. coHHHeme „$HJioco$CKie 3tk);ih**, t. I, Kiesx 1876, wh ko- 
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efl BHaneHie bi qejioB'^qecRofi jkhbhh h eaEOHei^x ea OTHomeHiA 
K'B npo^HMi HaysaMi. 9t0 Boapocu ;iOJi2RHbi 6ujiii 6uTh p^- 
meHH HH^tyKTBBHO Ha ocHOBaHiH o6o6infiEia. t^x^b ;i;aHH£ix'b, 

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tfo^Hbixi. A ^'Im'b 6j[Hse ri Hameify Bpeiienn, r'bu'b Bce ac- 
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npej^Mexa nxi nayBii, bi 6y;tyn^eMi «eBpfl;i[j[H y^e bobmoshh 
S0JLe6a.EiH MHinifi na aroib cHex'b. 2) Ecjin (f)HjL0C0^ifl sa Bpe- 
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paayM'j^eTCfl, 6hiJL'h y nea. n cooTB'i^TCTBeHHbifi MeTO^^i. nonaAaio- 
H^iflCfl OHXH^RH o^iflCHfliOTCH HpeBM^pHofi TpyAHOCTbK) npej^Mexa. 



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cyn^ecTBeHHHfl npoTHBop'6^ifl saBHCflTi ne ot'l npoHSBOJia b'b 
npeM']&HeHiir HeTo;ia, a oti bosmosshocth pasjinqHuxx nanpae- 
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CBOH UJOABY MSI 06']^HX'B CTOpO^'B. 

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8 



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y KoBJOBa ne fitwo Apyseft bi stomx ynHBepcHTexi. Mnoroe 
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BaJCfl), H^MenjRifi iisuR'b, dorocjOBCRia ;^iici](nnj[nHEi h ^ajioco- 
4)iH). Ohi nacajit ;^obojibho MHoro, ho HSBicxeHx, npeHMyme- 

CTBCHHO, CBOHMX ,,$HJI0C0$CRHMX JTeKCHROHOMX* BX 4 TOMaXX. 

IIo ynpas^tHeniH (|)hjioco$crhx'b Raee;^p'B bi» poccificRHXx yHHBep- 
CHTeiaxi OHi 6uAi> nepesTMeHOBaei bx npo({), newrorin, a bi 1867 
ro;ty Mhhhctpx Hapoj^naro HpocBifemeHia BepnyjEX eMy ero npeat- 
HK)K) Raee;^py. ^ep»acb fiojiie Bcero (|)0[Jioco$iH Ferejia, ohx c?h- 
Tajica cpe;tH cbohxx mojioj^eixi ROJiJierx ^^oxcTaJiEiMx^; npHxoMx 
OHx He oSjia^ajx ^tociaTO^Hofi TBep;^ocTBK) xapaRxepa, hto6h 
saBoeBaTB cefii RaRofl-JiH6o aBTopHieix h yBaatenie. HoBTOMy 
6o;[BninHCTBO npo(|)eccopoB'B BOo6n^e ne hm'^jih HEtnero npoxHB'B 
Toro, ^to6h napaiy cb roroq.EHMX ;^•6ficTB0BaJI'B bx KieBCROMi 
yHHBepcHTeT']^ npeno;iaBaTeJiB cpaBHuxeJiBHo noMOJioa^e h 6ojite 
MOAHaro HanpaBJieHifl. Foroi^Rifi dBuix y:se snaROMX ex pa6o- 
TaicH Ko3JiOBa, npHHajix ero ^^pyjKecTBOHHO, npocHJix n Bnpe^B 
^HOxaatHBaTb** rx HCMy, ho oCimaTBca nn^ero ne Morx. IIobh- 
;^HMOMy, He ocxaBajiocB Ha;^eatA'B. Ho y Foroi^Raro Kosjiobx BCipi- 
THJix npo(|). pyccRofi cjobcchocth AJIeRcaH;^pa Hb. CcAUuay 
Tor^amHaro ^eRana HCTopnRo-<|)HJ[OJiorHHecRaro ^aRyJixTOTa k 



— 9 — 

secbHa BJiiflTejibHaro ^eMs^jiiSL. CeaHHi, oabhx hsi cxapuxi^ 
MorBBaH'b poMaHTHCMa (^ la KpacoBi»), 6uji'h ^pesBuwfiHO ysje- 
fiaH)iAeH)Cfl H dHTysiacTHqecBott HaiypoK). Kosjob'b Bceio CBoefi 
uanepoK) npoHSBejx ea nero diiecTflii^ee BneqaTJE^Bie, a npe- 
BpacHoe BBJioseeie leopifl „noTeHi][ifi^ poMaHTHsa ULeJuniRVB, 
npHBCJio CejiHHa bx HeaCTOBufi BOCTopn, lasi hto ohx saBtp- 
Hflsa o6£ii^ajix KosjioBy ycipoHTb ero aI^jlo h necTHO c^iep^saji'L 
CBoe o6'bindLme, j^^ajioco^ciiie dTH);(£i^ Ceijih ny6j[HqH0 saiuii- 
n^eeu Bi Ba?ecTB'& AHCcepTauiiH pro venia legendi, saT'iMX 
KosjiOB'B npoHejit Tpe6yH)ii;iflCfl yciaBOMX npo6HEifl jexi^iH, o^Ha 
Hdx BOTopHXi 6Hjia Hane^aiaHa noA'B sarjEaBieBCB „^Ba oc- 
HOBHLixrb noJiomeEia (|)iT;ioco4)iH IIIoneHrayepa''. Kosjobi pa^Bfl- 
fia;ix 3;^'£cB ly MucJib, hto IIIoneHrayepx ofijiaAaex'B noJiHOio h 
sasoHHeHHOtt CHCTeiiOK), cyii^HocTb BOTopoS 3aBJiK)^aeTCfl B'B pas- 
BHTiH AByx7> nojioseniH, npeMd^QfleMbrxTi bi apapoit, HCByccTBy 
H HpascTBeHHOCTH: 1) nioneHrayepx bm^ct* cl KaHTOMTb sa- 
BJEro^aeTX, ^xo, ecjiH oxHaxb MHCJiamifi cyfiieKXX, x. e. nocHxeM 
Mipa, xo Becb qyBCXBeHHufi n o^ieBXBBHuS nipi co Bci^nn cojih- 
i^aMH H njaHexaMH ecxb He 6oj[te, Basi name npeincxaBJieHie; 
^) HesaBBCHMo oxi KaHxa, moneerayepi Biipadoxajn noJO^seHie, 
?T0 Mipi ecxb BOJii, H npExoMi BOJifl e;tHHafl n Heo6ycJiOB;ieH- 
saa. 

TaEHMx o6pa30M'b bx 1876 ^o;^y Kosjiobx CHJ-b ^^onymeHi 

Bx saqecxBi npHBaxx-AOHieHxa ex npeno^aBaHiio ^Hjoco^ie npa 

I RieBCBOMx yHHBepcHxext. ^o^o^Eitt ycxynnjix eMy o6a3axeJ!ibHKre 

Y sypcu JTorHBH H HCxopiH 4>ujioco4)iH, ocxaBHBX sa co6ov) nCHxojioriK) 

H ^e;^a^o^iH). TaBie me ^pe;^MexH ^Hxajix Kosjobx na oxkphxhxx 

npn yHEBepcBxex*]^ jKencBHxx bhciuhxx sypcaxx. 

Ero noflBJieHie Ha $HJioco4>CEoft saeeipt ne nponuo ne- 
saMtiHeHHHBix. Ha nero o;i;HOBpeMeHHO nanaJiH neqaxno ^sa no- 
3HTflBBCxa, ero BOJiJiera no ynHsepcHxexy, ;^oi;eHXx IlaB. Ajiand- 
<mil^ AapoBHXHfi 4>HJiojiorx, paHO norH6niifi wa oxe^ecxBeH- 
jiofi HayEH, E npo$. ^viJLOQ^o^m npH HiimHHCBOMx HHCxnxyx'b 



10 



ecTB nayRa, h qTO ee mosho saM'inHTB xpyrnMH, cneu^iajBHUMH 
HayBaMH. Ho Kosjiobi AOsasajE'B eny bx CBoeH'B OTBbr]^, ^to 

OWh BeJX BCK) CBOK) nOJeHHRy npOTHB'b $HJ[OCO(|)iH HMeHHO CK 

TOHBH spi^Hifl 4^HJ[0C0$in se, a He otj^'I^jilheix'l nayRi, tto no;^T> 
pasjiH^HUMH HConpe^'^jeHHiiMH BBipaseniHiiH, BaBTo: ^HayRa^, 
^CHCTena nayB'B^, ^cbasl Teopifi cnei^iajiBHEix'B nayRi^ h t. ;(. 
oe:B no^^pasyifbBaeTx, co6cTBeHHO roBopfl, Ty A'iflTeJiBHOCTB ^yxa^ 
BOTopaji HMeHHO ofipasyex'B 4>KJioco4>iK), hto bbr'b to.ibro ob^ 
nuTaeTCfl yRasaiB t^ nayRH, BOTopufl HcnojHflioT'B to, na ^to 
npereH^^yerB $H40C0<j[>]fly oh'b oCpapyTRHBaeTx j[h6o jrosHoe no- 
HHHaHie npe;[MeTa cneuiajiBHuxi HayRX, jih6o HeAOCTaxo^HO 
TOHHO pasrpaHHHHBae'TB po^^CTBeHHua nayBH, a cj[t;[OBaTejiBHo, 
3JoynoTpe6jifleT'B cjiobomx ^nayRa^. A6cTpaBTHoe nonaTie nayRn^ 
BBBi TaBOBoS, He 3aRj[K)?aeT'B Bi ce6^ HBRBRoro onpeA'i^JieHHara 
npeACxaBjieHifl o 4^opMyjEHponaHU(}M'B yqenie. Bx btomi cjiyqa"]^ 
lAEi OTBj[eRaeMCfl oto BCflRaro onpe^'i^JreHHaro co/iepaLanifl h muc- 
jnEMTi T0.1BR0 CBMoe SHanie u o6ii],ie upH3BaRn nayRX, nanp., 
CHCTeBcaTHqecRyK) h JorHHecRyio o6pa6oTRy h t. a. A ccjih Ka- 
Roe-JH^o onpe^'i^JieHHoe coAepmanie ^'i^fiCTBBTeJiBHO He npHHajo^- 

jeSHTl HHRaROB OTJt'i^JIBHOfi HBy R^^ TO OHO Cy.'ieT'B He „ HayROH> 

BOo6ii^e^, a oco6eH^OH), qacTHOK) nayROfi, Roxopaa h hochtx 
BasBanie ^BJioco^iH. 

BdXX CBOHXX npOTHBHHROB'B, Bl TOMl qHCJI'6 H FpOTa, H 

AjiaHACRaro, Kosjiob'b mecTORO 0T;^'6jiajiB bi CBoeni co^HHeHin 
n$Hj[OCo4>ifl9 RaRx HayRa^, CJtyascan^eM'B yBHqToaiaion^HMx oxBt- 
TOMi na Bci^ noBBHBuiiflCfl peiJieHSiH ero Tpy^^a. Cnei^iajiBHO Fpo- 
Ty H ero Tpy;(aMX ^IIcHxojrorifl qyBCTBOBanifi^ (ifarHCTepCRaa 
;(HCcepTan;ifl) h „Kx pe^opM-i nayRH jiornRH^ (j^ORTopcRaa ahcc.) 
Ro3;iOBx HOCBflTHJi'B eH^e Asa ^RpHTeqecBBX^ 8TH);(a^, vjA ohx 
XOsasuBajix Hay^nyH) necocTOBTejiBHocTB 8thxx AHCcepTai^ift 
FpoTa, CB ^!kwh nocj[^;[Hifi h caiix hotomx oxqacxH corjacHJiCfl. 

Cx TiXT. HOpX K03J0BX BCe CBOe BpeMfl nOCBBTHJIX j^HJUO- 



— 11 — 

€0({^iH. UjiojtOM'B B cBR;('6Tej[bCTB0Mx ero sanflTiB cjysaJH mho- 
ro^BCJieHHHfl o6inHpH£[Ji pei^eHsiH pasjH^Hux'B ntHeiiiRHXx h 
<|)paHi;y3CEBx^ coHnHenifl, nosBJiflBmiflCfl b'b „yHHBepcHTeTCRHxi 
HsB'tcTiflxt" (oKHHraxt JIaccBH^a, FfipHHra, Rpayca, PyiineJia 
H T. J.). Bx 1879 TOAjj T. e. 48 JiiTx oti po;^y Kosjob'b cj^ajs 
MarHCTepcKifl BKsaMeHx y ForoitKaro. 

Eu^e OAHOMy nosB^BineMycfl bx 9to speHfl eoHBHeHifo Ros- 
[OBa cys^^eHo 6ujeo npQB;ie4b ea ceSn :snBoe BEHMaeie o6ii^ecTBa n 
HOJiOAenin. Mh pasyM'beMi* 6HCTpo pacRynjieHHyK) h huh^ o^eHS 
P'&AKyK) EQBry „$HJioco({)ifl A'i^ifCTBHTejibHOCTii^, nocBfln^eHHyio 
RpBTnqecROMy o63opy h o6cy:B;;[eniK) (|»iTJ0C0(|^CR0ft cscTeHii 3Ha* 
MCHHTaro EBreHia J^mpuma. 

„$HJ!OCo$ifl ;^McTBHTeJ[bHOCTH" saRJiioqaeTi Bx ce(54 4 
HacTH, HS'b EOTopuxi Tpn Hso^paTRafOTi y^esie ^lopHHra, a 
^CTBepTaa co;^epaHT'B „KpRTH4ecKiH saMiqaHia". I ?acTb on- 
pexfc^iaeT'L ^ochobrhh (I)opMH 6HTia no ^FopuHry**, BTopaa 
TpaRxyerb o6x „ochobhuxi npaHnjanax'b ero yqeaia o npapo;!;**';. 
Bx III qacTB c;^'feJaH'B ccoiix ero ay»ieHia o 4ejOBtKfe**, a bmch- 
Bo: 1) s-ieMeBTH coBoaaia, 2) npaBCTBeaHOCTb, npaBO h ycosep- 
meHCTBOBaaie ^ejoatqeciBa, 3) o6n^ecTBeHHufi duTi a acTopia,. 
4) noBBimeaie i^-faaaoCTa ^bshb a 5) o6n^aa xapaRTepacxaRa 
coi^iajiBBOBaHHoB o6iAecTBeEHotl Hcaaaa. ^KpaxaqecKia saMt^a- 
flifl^ coAepa^aTi: § 1 — ^JiaqHEifi xapaKTepi ^ropaara b BUCTa- 
BJieHHuS B&r b npaHu;aai, no ROiopovy (|>HJioco^ia aBJiaerca bu- 
paTReflieMi HpaacTBeHaaro HacTpoenia, § 2 — saM^J^iaHia aa ero 
TBoceoJioriK), Mexacj^iisaRy a $ajioco(|)iH) ^papo;^H, § 3 — RpaxBRy 
aiasa, coi^iojioria a ^ipyraxi nacT-eS JI^fopaaroBofi cacTeHEi w 
§ 4 — ofiotee cy?K;^eEIie o ^ajioco^ia J^ropanra. Sia cacxeMa bx 
i^'^jiOM'B, noMB'^aiio RosJioaa, Eey;(OBJiexBopaxeJibHa, noxoaiy ?xo 
ett HeAOCxaexi rjiaaBaro npasaaRa cacxeMU, a BMeaHO-— e;^BHaro 
npRHi^ana. OxrfajibHua nacxa ea CBasaau ae e^anHMi npBB- 
i^BnoMx, a xojbKO e^BHCXBOMx cy6'beKxaBBaro nacxpoeaia ca- 
Moro JI^Bopaara. Sxbm'b xo b ofi'BacHflexca ocnoBBoa ea rpix'B: 




12 



naCTH CHCTeMKT, KOTOpaa 06MKH0BeHH0 BHBOAflTCa HS'B OCHOBt 

•€a, y ^K)pHHra nojyHaioTx Ha;i;i nocjrijtHHMn nepeetcB. UjeHTpx 
TflffiecTH jiejKHTx y nero ne bx xeopiH noseaeia ne bx Meia^H- 
3HB']§, ^aiKe He bi 8thb'6, BOTopi.a Bce SRe 6jiHme b'b hhmx, a 
BTb yneHiu o6z o6u^ecmefb, KOTopoe co6cTBeHHo ;^0JIffiH0 6u ocho- 
BHBaibca Ha BXHKi. 9totx He;iocTaTOKx e;iHHCTBa cacTeMH^io- 

pHHrt He CyMijH npeKpHTL BaatHHMH OTKpHTiaMH H OpHfH- \ 

HajBHUMH KOHuenBiiaMH. EnponeMX, nejiBsa OTKasaxb JI^ropHnry I 
81 OTHocHxejLHofl opHrHHajitHOCTH H TamHT*. Cnen;ia.iLHoe BHaV VI 
^CHie TeopeTH^ecKOfi ^^taiejiBHOCTH JI^iopHHra jreaKHTt b% no- ju 
ntiTE'i npej^ciaBHTB coi](]ajiHCMi> b% Ba^ecTB'6 nojinaro h e^^HHaro I 
MipoBOSspinia, ocHOBHBaron^aroca, ci o^inofi CTopoHH, na ;^aHt- 1 
flHxi coBpeMeHHHxx nojioatHTejiBHHxx HayBx, a cb ;tpyroft cxol ' 
poHH, — Ha pesyjiiTaTaxi HHniniHaro $HJioco$cEaro MHniJieHia, 
Xoxa axa nonnxsa h ne y;^aJIacb (noxoMy ^ixo ^lopHnrx hh- 
Tajca c6jh3bxb coBepmeHHO nenpHMHpnMua nanpaBJienia, BaBxo 
MaxepiajHCMi n pai(ioHajiHCXH?ecBitt HAeajincMi), ho sHasoMcxBO 
d 4^njoco$ieH) ^H)pHHra, necoMH'j^HHO^ ^yj^exi, BaRi noJiaraex'L 
no MHt>HiK) Rosjiosa, Ee6esuoJiesEuwh AJia Bcasaro. 

KosjLOBy npe^^JiarajH npe;[^cxaBHXb axy Hnxepecnyro KHary 
Bt ^aEyjiBxexi b-b Kaqecxet MaracxepcKoft ;^HCcepxa^iH, ho Ma 
axoft nfbjiiL onx Hannca.v'B ocodyio EHHry, a HMenno, Bxopofi xomi 
n^HJioco^CKHXi dxio^^OBx" B% soxopoMX OHX saHHMaexca ^Mexo- 
AOH^ H (|)Ej[oco4)ieK) UjiaxoHa^ h npnxo;(iixx r'b cji^njiomflMii 
peayjiBxaxaMi: I) Mexo;tib HjnaxoHa. Bi nocxpoeHin ^ejloco^- 
€Baro noBHania IIJiaxoH'B ynoxpe^aj'B, EaB'B JorHqecsie MexoAsr 
Bootfu^e (0H;i;yEi^iK), aHaj[ori(o, onpeii^JteHie, EJ[accH^nsai][iH)), 
xaEx H Bi ocofieHHOCXH — rnnoxesy; ocHOBaHieMX ^0CJI4;^Heft 
cjiysHJia EpsfXHsa n anajHsx ochobhbix'b nonaxifi^ jiannBix'B 
npe;i;aiecxBOBaBniHM'B nepioji^OMi 4>BJoco({)C£aro pasBnxia. TjaB- 
HUMi opy^ieMx upa nocxpoeniH chcxomh CJiyatHJix HjiaxoHy .10- 
THHecEifi BaKOHTi npoxHBopiqia. Bxoxi^ saEonx pimajix jifkAO B'h 
npoi^ecci ^o^Hu^eHia^; ohi» sue uymvLJUh npo^HBiMi ocejsoM^ 



— 13 — 

Bi spHTnE'6 ^HJOCoj^CKHXi; CHCTeMi H npeo6pa30BaHiH nxi no* 
HflTid. O^eBHAHO, ?T0 OHi 6uj['B nocj'6;(HeK) HHCTaHi^iefi b^ bo- 
npoc*]^ o6i» HCTHH^ ^HJoco^CBaro seaHifl, BOTopoe Mosexx ocycqe- 

CTBHTBCfl TOJIBBO Vh CQCTeM'6, a6C0JH)TH0 SaROH^eHHOK. TaBafl 

CHCTena npe^^nojaraeTx jio ue^jiUmJUTh no;^po6HocTeii eAHHCTBO 
H corjiacie CBcanoB co6oH)y t. e. ne co;i[epHinTx bet Maji']&fiinEix'& 
npoTEBopi^qifi. HaBOHenj'B, Heo6xoAE[MUM'b ycJOBieaii Bupa^oxBit 
<]^Hj[oco^csofl rnnOTesEi n js}B,JieKT]/mecKoi 6opb6£j ci ;(pyrHMn 
CHCTeHaMH HjaTOHx cTaBBTi ^Spocx" Bt ero BHcraeft ^opni, 
BaE'B BJie^eHie jsn^ a6cojiH)THofi Bpacoxd^, ecthhI^ h BucmeMy 
jto6py. II) HanpaBJueHia HjiaTOHOBofi $Hjoco$iH: (|)HJioco$iff » 
IIjEaTOHa ecTB, — bo nepBHX'L, naHBHaS peajHCMt (h6o IIjaTOHi^ 
npHHHMajii nojHoe cooTBiicxBie noseaHia fiaxiH)), — bo Bxopuxx, 
pai^ioHajiHCMX (noxony qxo rjiaBHUBfL ^aBiopou^ no3HaHifl 
flBJiflexca y Hero pasyM'B h ero ;^'6axeJbH0cxb, MHnueHie), — b'E- 
xpeTbEXB, anpiopacMx (h6o noseaiomitt cy6xeKTi cipoHxt no- 
snaHie co6cxBeHHHMH cejiaMfl), — bx qexBepxHxx, njiopaJiHCMx 
(noxoMy, ^xo cymnxi npHHHMaexca MHO/secxBo), bx naxHxi, . 
canpHxyajTHCMX (noxony qxo bxh cymia HenpocxpancxBeHEH bt- 
HeMaxepiajbHBi), — b'b mecxMXi, BcxexaqecKifi ^B;^eMOHHCM^, h6o^- 
nocJi'i;(Haa n'buh, ecjia ne Mipa, MaKpoKOCMa, xo, no KpaSeeS Mipi, 
nojrnaro ero npe;tcxaBnxeja, ^ejioB'^sa, MHBpoBOCMa, ecxb nojiHoe^ 
6j[a;BeHCXB0, cocxoan^ee bx odjaj^anis coBepmene'lkSnieK) Kpaco- 
xofi, HCXHHofi H rapMonieH). 

HaocHOBaniH MaracTepcKofl cxeneHH K03.10BI Bt 1881^^o;^y 
611011 Bfii6paH'B fix mxaxHEie Aoqenxu ^hjioco^Ih. 6x cji^;(yK)- 
meifx TOjs,y' OHX nojyqQJix sarpaHH^nyio y^ienyH) KOMan^BpoBEy 
XJia ^tajrEHMmaro ycoBepiueHCXBOBania bx ^njioco^m h npo- 
seJix nojiroAa bx Jla.i^iiTR'ky rjifk Mem^y nponniix nexajix j^jis. 
xaMomnefi pyccEott eojiohIh sypcx 4>^-ioco(f)in monenrayepa. 
Kor^a BHineJix bx oxcxaBEy Toroi^EiB, xo Kobjiobx ocxajca e^HH- 
cxBOHHEiMX npeACxaBHxe^eMx ^njioeoj^iH npn yHnBepcnxex']^ cb^. 
BjiaxHHHpa. 



^^ 



14 



Ri 8T0My BpeMeHH OTHocHTCfl MeHc^y jipyrHMH pa6oTaME 
yHH^TOsaeoiAafl RpiiTHRa KosjiOBa ea Tpy^^i nosHTiiBHCxa npo4>. 
M. M. TpoH^Ka^o ^Haysa o ;i;yxt". KpoM'i xoro, no^i pe- 
AaR^ieK) Ko3JOBa noflBujicfl nepeBo;^^ (|)paHi^y3CEaro y4e6HHRa 
HCTopiB $njroco(|)iH BeCepa. Bi 1884 roiy BBinua Aostopcsafl 
AHCcepxaiiifl RosJiOBa noKh sarjaBie^i ^FcHesHCx xeopin npo- 
CTpaHCTBa H BpeMeen y Rania". 

^FeHeBHCB Teopiu" etc 6iiJi'h samamacMi na jHcnyT* bx 
HeTeptfyprcEOMi ynnBepcHTeTt y Mhx. Hb. Bjia^^HCJiaBjeBa. 
y^enaa cxeneHb AosTopa $HJioco(|)iH A^^Jia Ro3;iOBy bobmo^hoctb 
nojiyqRTb dBCTpaopAQHapearo a bx CBopoMi BpeMenH op^HHap- 
.naro npo^eccopa. 

Ho CJry^e6HUfl noBumeHia ee HAfi^jH Ha RosjiOBa, Basx 
HacTeHbRO BOAHTCH 3a pyccRHMH npo(|)eccopaMH, BJiinnifl b'b cmucji']^ 
ocjiafijieHia SHepriH ri. Hay^HOMy ipyny. HanpoxHBx xoro, Bxofi 
aHeprin bx cxapnR'i Bce RaR^u npsduBajio. He AOBOJbCXByjiCB 
oSh^hok) aypHajibHofi ^itaxejibnocxbH), Robjiobi qyBCiByex'B no- 
xpeCHOcxb cos^axb opranrb msl BupameHia CBOBxrb co6cxBeHHuxx 
Bce 6oji'£e e 6o;i'£e ORp'^naBiudxi BSPJiflAOBi wh o6jacxH yMospexejib-' 
HoS ^Hjoco^ie. TaRHMx oGpasOMi Rosjiobi coBepmaexx nepBufi 
HaPycH onuxx hhcxo 4>H<30CO({)CRaro cnei^iajibHaro ;Rypnajia „$nJio- 
co4)CRifiTpexMikcjiHHHR'b^, DanoJiHABinificfl caMiiMi Rosjiobumx 6e3'B 
coxpyAHHROB'b ao bcImi pyGpBRaMi Bnjioxb ao xpohhrb h 060- 
Bp'^Hifl jsypHajiOB'b. BajRH^fimifl h Jiyqmiii cxaxbn bx dxoifb 
mypeaji'i cyxb: ,,PejrErifl rpa^a JI. H. Tojcxoro (aaA^JiaBmafl 
MHOro myHy, HiiH'i nM']^H)iAaflCfl ex ;(onoJiHeBiflMH bo BxopOMX 
BSAaeiH oxA'^JibiiOH) RHHroii), ^^Hjococlnfl mbcxhrb^ (R. ^k)- 
npejb), „Tap;^x", „0 MHoatecxBeHHocxa cocxoaHiii cosHama", 
^PHnHOXHCMX H ero BHaqeeie j^jib acBxojioriH h Mexaj^BSHRa '^ 
H X. A. ^ypnajix npio6ptxajLX ya^e (npaB;^a, HeMHoro4HCJieHH£ifi) 
Rpyrx Bi^pHbixx, BHxepecyioiuHXCfl MBxaxejiefi. Xoxa obx ne npe- 
^ocBJix RosjEOBy HHRaROfi MaxepiajibBofi BuroAu, ho neyxonHMbifi 4>n* 
. jioco^x HM^Jix xBepxoe BaHipeaie npo;(OJi2xaxb BSAanie h xo6flBaxbCfl 



l^ 



— 15 — 

pacapocTpaHenifl cpeAB pyccsaro o6iAecTBa seaROHCTBa ex j^hjeo- 
co^ieio.... Bx CHjy Benpe;iBHji'6HHaro h ysacHaro oficToaTeJib- 
CTBa BcibMx njiaeaMx naniero HuciHTejiJi cy^L^ceHO (JuJio ocxaTBca 

HeBHnOJtHeHBUMH. 

I / 6x 1886 r. Ro3jobx 6ujix pa36HTx napajH^eHx. Xota 
V evo Jt^^QjE CO bcIme HOB'bfiinEiMH Hay^HUMH npieiiaMH, ho ohx 
ocTajiCfl HeB3Jit4HM£iMx napaiLierEKOMX, h jrainHJiCfl ynorpetf- 
I Jienifl i^ofi aojiOBBHu T^Jia. Kx c^acTbK) Mosrx He noiepn^x 
OTX yxapa. h MucjiHTejbHaa cejia, sasx h nponifl ^^yxoBHiia 
cnoco^HOCTH, He ocjib,6jlb. 3aT0 Ro3JtOBy npHmjiocB BiifiTH bx 
OTCxaBRy aa nenciK). Cx aioro MOiieHTa naHBHaercfl yse tojbko 
^HJioco^j^csafl 2KH3HJ» EosiOBa: T'ljrecHiifl, BHimBifi neJostRx, 
njOTB OTMepja, ociajicfl jibhib BByTpeHHifi neJOB^BX, ^hjoco^x. 
Jlytunia h BasH'i^finiiB pa6oTH EoBJOBa noBBEJiHCb uocjii SToro ^/ 

Kx BTOuy x,e BpeneBH OTBocnTca ORonqaiejibHafl Bupa6oTBa 

H flcnafl ^opicyjinpoBEa coScTBenHuxx ^Hj[OCo4)CRflxx BOBspinifi 

EoBJEOBa. YAajiHBmHCb oxx RanTa n monenrayepa, ohx cA^JiajiCB 

npHBepseni^eMX to8 ^BJioco(|)iB, Roiopaa 6uj[a ocHOBanji JIefi6HH- 

J i(eMx, H ROTopyK) Ro3;iOBx HasuBaexx nauncuxucMOMz (no Moeiiy 

K HasBaHiio — KpumuHecKiH undueudyaAUCMz). Tor^a ;Be ohx ocho- 

B/BaTeJiBHO 03flaR0MH.iC2 cx coinHeHiflMH jyqmaro npeACTaBBTe^fl 

dToro HaapaBJieHifl bx coBpeiieHHofi EBponi, noROfinaro npo(|)ec- 

' copa ^epHTCRaro ynHBepcHTexa ryciasa TefixHiojiJiepa, Moero 

y^HTOJifl, a TaRse cx co^HHeniflMH JIoAi^e, ^BJioco^CRie bsfjib^h 

ROToparo HM'iiOTX H'&ROTopoe, xoTfl H He6o;ii>moe, poACTBO ex 

nepcoHOAucMOMi TefixMK)JiJiepa. Cx hocji'Iahhmx I^bjiobx 03Ha- 

ROMHJicfl Cflanajia, RaRx ex hctopbromx (|)BJ0C0(|)iH, BMenno ex 

ero eoHHHeBi^MH o IIjiaTOHi^ (Rorj^a Ro3J[obx 3aRaH?BBaj[x eo6- 

CTBeBHoe HBCJi^AOBaHie o IIJiaTOH^, ep. laiix se cxp. 138 — 141). 

Yxe 3aBepninBniH Biipa6oTRy CBoero MipoB033p'i^HiH, Eosjobx 

OBHaROMHJiefl H ex eneieMOfi TefixMiojuiepa h, BaRx ohx neoAHO- 

RpaTHO BaBBJTfljx H ycTHo, H He^aTBO, ex 6j[aroAapHoeTBK) noy^HJicH 



/ 



/ 



— 16 — 

y Hero Bofi-neMy. H Jloime (eanp., bx Teopie npocTpaHCTBa)^ 
H TefixMK);iJ[ep'L. ne octejehcb 6e3x H']&BOToparo BJiiflHifl na Eos- 
joea. 

CBonxrb OTHomeHiflX'B bt> TettxMfOJiJiepy Rosjob^b tobo- 
pHTx Bx CTaiBi: ^FycTaBX TefixMioMepx", KOTopaa, k% cjosy 
CBasaTB, npe^^CTaBJifleii co6oh), b^^poatho, HaHJiyqmee nsx see- 
ro AO CBxi nopi HanHcaHHaro o TefixMK)ji;iep'6. TefiXHiojuepi 
Chjii Ba;BeHi ;^jiifl Ro3J[OBa, bo nepBuxi, cbohmh BJiaccBHecRHiiB 
pa6oTaMn no ^HCTopia noHflxifi^. 3a,Ti^i> eiofi h ;(pyrie nynBTEi 
ero xeopifi 6ujin npHH^TM KoaffOBUMi, xota h ne 6esi, wkj&o- 
TopHX'B BHAOBBM^neHifi, Hanp.^ yHeeie o npocTpaHCXB*]^ h Bpe- 
MeHH, cosHaHiH, ABHseHiH, MaiepiH, ,fl^ n t. ji. Hd^soxopoe 
npeeMyn^ecxBO Jloiwe nepe^'B TefiXMiojjiepoMX Eosjob^b bh^^hxi 
6x xoMi, Hxo nepBufi pascMaxpHBaex'B npo6jieMBi ropas/^o noji- 
po6H^e H odcxoBxejiBH^e, ?'6mx BxopoS. 

Uocjii napajrnqa Rosjiobx hohxh HeMori; y:se nHcaxB co6- 
cxBeHHopy^HO H npHHyac;[eH'B 6biji'b ;iHKX0BaxB. Ho jraxepaxyp- 
Baji npoHSBOAHxeJiBHOCXB ero ne yMeHBmaJiacB bi BOJiH^ecxBt h 
Bce BunrpBTBaJia bx BaHecxB']^. Owl BBiiiycxHJri> bi cb'£x'b ?exBep- 
xyK) H nocjfixHK^H) xexpaAB „$HJioco$CBaro TpexM^cfliHHBa^, a 
nooi'fa AByxji'JkxHiiro nepepuBa Hanajii bm^cxo Hero ns^^aBaxB 
<j[>Hj[oco4>CBO-j[iixepaxypHBiB c6ophhb'b ^Cboo C^iobo^, Boxoparo 
yse BBimjio 4 xoMa; bx Henpoji^OJiiKHxejrBHOMx tfy^^yii^eM'B no- 
flBHxcfl H nflxuff xoMT*. FjiaBHoe ificxo Bi axoM'B BSAanin saHH- 
Maioxx ^Becfe^fl ex nexep6yprcBeM'B CoKpaxoMx". 3;^'6cB bi 
$opMi HSfln^Haro aib^otb, Rosjiobi hoa?* nceB;^0HnM0M'B ^Iljra- 
xona RajiyscBaro^ nsjiaraexi cyn^nocxB cbobxi codcxBeHHux'B 
$Bjroco4)CBHX'B B033p'kHi5. ^lajiorH BejieTh bx Ba^iecxB'i rjiaBHoff 
persona dramatis HeyxoMHMBrfi, ocxpoyMHufi ^i&JeBXHB'B, TTexep- 
6yprCBitt hehobhhbx, hcxhhho pyccBifl ^eJiOB^BX no p'iqn b 
CBJ[a;(y xymn, nojy^HBmifi 3a cboio cxpacxB k% j^njiocoj^iH my^ 
xoHHoe nposBH^e ^Cospaxa". 



— 17 — 

Kt noJoatHiejifcHofi ^SLm^'k cdopHHKa, HSJioaceniK) coficxBen- 
Hoff CHCTeMU B'h ;^yx•6 JIea6HHii;a, npncoeiiHHfleTca h cooxBiT- 
CTByiomaa e8 oxpei^aTeJibHaa, cocxoamaa bx noJieMHEt hjih bi 
6opi>6i CB BanpaBjeniaMH, epanijuefiHHMe HanpaBJieHiH) jjCeoero 

CjIOBa", HMeHHO Cb n03UmueUCM0MZ H 06uKH0BeHH0 xiCHO CB 

HHMi CBasaHEHMf .wamepm4«^cj»/0JW3. BoJibmaa ^acxB axnxx no- 
jeMHHecKHXx cxaxefi HanHcano no noBOiy KpHinqecKHX^ saMi- 
^aaifi, c;^iJIaHHuxx pasHHMH JiHi];aMH npoxHBT* „CBoero CiOBa". 
IlepBaa EHuacKa npeACxaBJiaex'B h^^xo spojii BBe^eHia 
Bx CHCxeMy, HSjaraeMyio bx ^Beci^^axx". IIpM yKaaaHin ochob- 
HMXi noHaxift CHCxeMw: cyOcmaumu h am^udenmu saminmaexca 
MHCJiB, Hxo cydcxanniiH He HaxowTca bx npocxpaHCXBi h caMH 
no ce6i He;^ocxynHH BHimHHMt ^yBCXBaMt; a xaKx KaKt cyme- 
CTByioxx xoJiBKo cy6cxaHi];iH co cbohmh aKniajieeuiaMH, xo Ji'fcft- 
CTBHxejiBHoe 6Eixie ecxL ;i;yxoBHoe, a He MaxepiajibHoe; npa bxomx 
ocnapHBaioxea ^Ba npoxHBOnojioaRHua MHima: 1) Cy^xo 6h Maxe- 
piajBHKie axoMH eyxB cy6cxaHqiH, h qxo 2) Sy^xo 6h BOo6me 
cy6cxaHu;ift ne cymecxByexx. ABxopx no;iKptnjiaex'B CBoe onpo- 
BepjKeHie oSxacHenieMx, hxo MaxepiajBHBia xijia cyxB He fiojiie, 

KaRX BHJ^HMOCXB, HJIH SHaHBH, CHMBOJIH, OOJX EOXOpHMH ^Jia HaCB, 

cymeCxBx HecoBepnieHHBrxx, aBJiaexca KaEx ;i'6axejiBH0CXB ;^ift- 
cxBHxeJiBBKTX'B ;tyxoBHHX'B cy6cxaHi];iS, xaKX oxHomenie h csasB 
Hxx Apyrx cx ;ipyroM'B h cx naMu. 

Bxopaa EHHra xpaExyexx o5x ocuoetb ecefi ^)MOco$iH, — no- 
Haxin 6Hxia, npaqeMx ephxhicceh pa3CMaxpnBaK)xca ho xojibeo 
xo)^a^ia. h nonyjiapHBia onpejiijienia 6Bixia hjih cyni^ecxBOBania, 
HO H o^pe;^iJIeHia H^EOxopBixx sHaMCHHXBix'B ^hjioco^obx, nanp., 
Kanxa, H)Ma, nionenrayepa, ^esapxa. Sax^Mx ^peJ^;Ia^aeTca co6- 
cxBCHHoe onpe^iJieHie nonaxia 6B[xia. 

FjiaBHoe co;i;epataHie xpexBefi EHsratKH Eacaexca nonaxia 
epeMeuu'^ no noBO^y ero cnoBa saxparnBaexca— nonaxie fitixia, 
a xaK2Ke nonaxia peJiHrin n npH^nnHocxa. OxnocHxeJiBHO nona- 
xia BpeMCHH paBBHBaexca ocnoBHoe nojioacenie, qxo Mipx bb ero 

2 




18 



A^fiCTBHTejiBHOM'B 6uTm desBpeMeHeHx, qero o^naKO He aoj^ho 
CM^mHsaTB crb npe^nojEO^eHieiii 6e3ROHeHHaro BpeMeen. Ees- 
epeMmuocmh hjeb bI^hhoctb nipa HyzsHO noHBMaTB xaR'B, hto 
AjhiCTtiJiTejihEoe MipoBoe 6iiTie He vmien'h HHEasoro OTHomemfl 
KO BpeMCHH, noTOMy qxo BpeMa ne ecxs h-Jhto pea^bHoe, a cynte- 
CTByexx jEHHib Bx Hamett mucjih BCJi'^ACXBie orpanHneHHOCTH 
^pHpo;^H ^eJiOB-iqecKaro cymecTea. Bpena ecTb tojibeo xoHKa 
sp'iHifl, ci Roxopofi name MumjieHie pacnoAaiaefm h ynopHdo- 
Hueaerm aRxii, EaRx namefi cotfcxBennofi cydcxani^in, xaRi n 
Bci^xx Apyriaxx cy6cxaHii;ia, ex ROxopiiMH mi CBasaHH bx Mipi. 
Jl^aji'le yRasueaexca no noBo;^y RaRHxx peajiBHUxx aRxoBx eame 
MBiinjieHie o6pa3yexx a^eH) BpeneHB, h ^epesx Raniji exa;(in pa3« 
BHxifl npoxo;(0xx 9xa H^^ea. 3;^icB ase jijbji^LiOTCSL saifi^aHifl ot-^ 
BOCHxejibHO BOssp^Hifi Ha BpeMfl H'j^ROxopBixx MHejiHxejieif, Hanp., 
6jraa5. ABrycxHHa, Kanxa, nionenrayepa. 

^exBepxaa RHHatRa xpaRxyexx o xpexBCMx ochobhomx $hjio- 
co({)CROMX noHflxie — npocxpancxBi. SjiitCB npea^e Bcero ocnapa- 
Baioxcji MB'j^Hifl, ^xo OHO ecxB ce6'£ cyn^aa peaAhHocm% hxo 
qho ecxB HHCxaa anpiopnaa ^opiia cosepi^aHia, n ^xo Hjtea npo- 
cxpancxBa ofipasyexca hsx on^ymenifi. Bx npoxHBonoJioatHOCXB 
dXHMx B033piHiflMx ;^0Ra3HBaexcfl, Hxo npocxpaHCXBO, nOA06HO 
BpeMeHH, He peaJiBHO h caMO no ce6i ne cyntecxeyexx, ho hxo 
OHO npe;^cxaBJIflexx xoqRy spinia, ex ROxopofi jiioah, bx Ranecxfii 
MUCJEan^Hxx eyn^eexBx, paenpej^'boiaioxx h ynopaAOHnBaioxx aRxs 
CBoefl omymaion^eft ^iaxeJiBHOcxH, cnepBa MycRyjiBHO-ocasaxejiB- 
Hofi H spHxejEBHOfiy a noxoMx noexeneHHO h ;^pyrnxx /^^xcjibho- 
cxefi. Kx BxoMy oxpHn;aHiK) peajiBHOciH npocxpancxea caMoro 
no ee6i, npncoeAHnaexea n oxpHii;aHie peajEBHoexn pasHUxx 
npoexpanexBx Kptceuxz a 6oj[ie, h'j^mx xpexx HSM^penifi, 
Roxopuxx roBopaxx xaRx nasuBaeMHa MexareoMexpnqecKia 
H nanreoMexpa^eeRia aorxphhh yqenuxx naxeMaxBROBx, ho 
Roxopua ne hm^ioxx HHRaRoro peajiBnaro 3HaHeHia. 3xn 
AORxpHHH npe^cxaBJiaioxx xojbro yejiOBHoe n CBMBOJiBHecRoe 



— 19 — 

HaTeMaTHqecEoe y^eeie, Koiopoe MOseTX hh'j^tb upujiomeme wh 
pasptmeeiH hecto MaTeMaTHqecBHXT. sajta^i. KpoM*]^ sonpoca 
npHpoA^ npocTpaHCTsa, b'b qexBepTofi KEEvi odiflCHnioTCfl h^ 

KOTOpUfl T'ICHO CBflSaHHEIfl Cb HHM'L DOHflTifl, 0C06eHH0 JSe OT- 

HOCflm,iflca b^b ^uioco^ivi RaHTa, saKio noHATifl: cosepi^aHifl, 
npeACTaBJiemfl, anpiopHoCTH, sen^a caMOfi bi ce6^ h npo?. Bx 
TOfi jse khhsb:^ no noBoj^y EpHTHiecBaro pasdopa OAHoro co^e- 
Heeifl ecTs o6iflCHEiTej[i»Ha)i CTaTsa o noHATiH 6uTisi h BpeiieHB. 

BoTi spaTBifi nepe^eHb Baa^H'j&finiaro coAepjKaHiji ^exupex'^ 
KHHseK'B ^CBoero Cjiosa^. Raffi;i[afl BHara coAepseT's bi 666*6 
no H']^CBOJibBy nojieHH^ecBBxi h odxflCHHxeJiBHuxx CTaxefi, penien- 
3ifi, pa36opoBx n t. a. Bee nanacaHO ncBJiioHHTejibHo caicHMi 
HSi^axejieM'L. coj^epxanin neqaTaH)n].c9cfl naxofi bhhxkh mei ne 
saMeAJBHi onoB']^cxHXB HHxaxejiefl, BaBx xojibbo ona noflBHxcfl. 

Eor^a 6uji'h ocHOBan'B Bxopofi ^njoco^CBifl jKypnajn ^Bo- 
npocBi ^EJLOco^m n ncnxoiiorin^ bx Mocbb*]^, cxaBHBmiS ce&b 
saj^aieH) coeAnnnxB pasCpocanHUfl chjth pyccsnxx ^^hjhoco^^obx, 
xo EoBJEOBi npHEflJi'B B'B dxoMi ^ypna^'J^ o^enB ^beboo y^acxie, 
oco6eHHO B'B BdLHB,Ai. He buxo;^hj[o no^xn he oahoS bhesbbe, 
Boxopafl He 8aBJiK)?aj[a 6u bb ce6Ii xoxa 6u oahoS cxaxBE ejih 
peiteHBiE KosjiOBa, EHor;i(aAase h'^cbojibbo. BojBHOfi npasciaG- 
jieHHufi, npecxap']^jiu9 MEicjiExejiB OBasaica By;^a pexEB'ibe e npo- 
H3Bo;^Exej[BH^e mhofex^b cboexx s/topoBux'B E Mjaj^mExi co6pa- 
xifi no npe^Mexy. 

B'B 1891 KosjiOBi CO CBOEMi ceMeficxBOMX nepecejiEJicfl 
ES'B KieBa b'b Ilexepfiypr'B, vji,^ npo^sEBaexi e jsfl cex'b nop'B. 
BojBmyK) HacxB ;^Hfl eiiy npEXOAHxca npoBOAEXB na ojs,^^ 6oji^3hh. 
He^ocxaxoB'B ABEsenifl ^E3E?ecBaro no HeBOJi'6 npExoAEXCfl bos* 
inimfijh yCEJienHHiTB ^^BEaienieM'B hhcjie. Oh'b hohxh nocxoanHO 
saHflxx HxeHieH'B. ^epa^acB cxapEHnaro npasEJia nulla dies sine 
linea, oh'b hohxe eaBte^cneBHO q[xo-HH6y;^B ;^EBxyex'B. 3xoio npa- 
BEJiBHOCXBH) E o6'LflCHflexcfl HopasExejiBHafl AJifl cxapEBa npoHS* 
Bo^ExejiBHOCXB (|)EJioco$CBaro xBop^ecxBa. 

2* 



20 



CpeAH ero MHoro^HCJieHHSixi ^hjoco^crhxi Tpy^^os'L oeoe* 
HaTejUiHUMT) BupasseHieM'L ero BOSsp'^HiH, sas'L hsb'^ctho, ji,OAmeET> 
c^HTaTBCfl, no npeHMyn^ecTBy, opnrHHajBHBiS c6ophhr'l „CBoe 
Cjiobo". 

Bit noM'imeHHHX'B xaMx »Beci;iax'B ci neTep6yprcKHM'B 
CoKpaxoML" noHTeHHHfi aBTopi H3jaraeTx cboh y6'kjRjieEis bs 
CHCTeMaTHiecKOMi bh;^^, noj!B3yacB jiJia loro (|)opMOK) diaAota, 
3Ta JiHTepaxypHafl $opMa o6uRHOBeHHO cHHTaexcH ysse h']&ceoj[be(> 
ycTapiJTOK), ho A. A. Kobjtob'b MaciepcKH BJia.jtfkeT'h ero h oi^inqeo 
noJiBsyeTCJi bc^mq npeHMyn^eciBaME, EaKifl oea npe^^CTaBJiflexs 
HMeBHO ;tJia 4^BJioco(|)CKaro ESJiomeEia. ^), ^taeaa npe^^cxaBjiflTB 
H pasBHBaxB pasjiH^HBie puncta controversiae. 

HeJibsa He oxM'fexHXB, hxo bx axax-B „6ec'6Aax'L" aBxopx 
BUEasaJn ce6fl h dojiBuiHM'B macxepoMi (|)(ij[oco(|)CEaro cxHJifl^ 
H 6oj[BinBM'B xydoMHUKOMz. ^iaJOFH 3XE, openHcuBaeMiie aBxo- 
pOMX MHOHHecEOMy nceBAOHHMy ^IIjiaxoHy KajiyatcEOMy", ne 
xoJiBEO Moryxx npexen^^OBaxB Ha SBanie cxporo (|)hjioco$cehx'b 
npoHSBe^emS, ho h cm'&jio Moryx^ 6uTh npH^HCJieHii ex xy^o- 
aiecxBeHHUM'B AiB.JioraM'B; ohh odjia^aroxii .HecoMH'^HHHMEi acxe- 

XHHeCEHMH J^OCXOHHCXBaMH, EOXOpBIfl OdjlH^aroXX Bl> SiBTO^'b Ha- 

xypy, coBM'fe^^aro^^yro b-b ceSt BHAaron^yroca chocoShocxb ex jio- 
TH^ecEOMy <|)iiJioco(|)CfiOMy MBimjieHiK) cb noaxn^ecEBMx A^poea- 
HieMx. Bc^ coBonpocHBEH CoEpaxa oiepienH o^enB ^hbo h Hpe^- 
cxaBJiflroxi co6oro ne naHeEenoBi, a no;i(jinHBux'B jrhbbixx jik)- 
;^efi, o6j[aAaroiAHxx EaatAufi cbohmx oco6eHHUMx CEJia^^OMx yiia, 
TeMnepaMenxoM'B, BBisaBBiBaron^nxx oco6eHHOCXH SfiaHia, nojia^ 
BOBpacxa H, Hx6 Bcer;^a HHxepecHo, — nai^ioHajiBHOCxH. Co6e- 
cJ^AHHEH nexep6yprCEaro CoEpaxa— pyccsie nacxojiBEO me, saEx 



HaAodao saMibTHTB, qTo h Ha Sana^t HiKOTopne ^hjioco^h npHOibraroTi 
s% 8To£ xe AiftJiorHqecKoft 4)opHi }i.jisi HSJioxeHifl cbohxi saAynreBHHxi Hncjet,^ 
TEE'S, Hanp., nocTynaJi'L no^TeHHHft CTapeA'L Secretan h ap* Cp. leichmiiUery 
&eise in den Himmel. 



— 21 — 
Bci co6ec']kAHnEB sanpaecKaro, IIjaTOHOBa CoKpaia — HacTOfln^ie 

3JIJIVLEU. 0;^HHaaOBBIMH dCTeTBHeCKHMH JlOCTOHHCTBaMH 06jiSL]lSkl0Th 

KaBi nepcoeaKH, saHMCTBOBaHHue A. A. Ro3J[ob&im'e y J^ocmoee- 
CKaw (KpacotRUHi, KapaMasoB'B), xaK'L n Jiaii^a, cosjiannHa ero 
€o6cTBeHHOK) (|)aHTa3ieK). y JiHEi'L saoMCTBOBaHHuxx noji^j^epsE- 

BaeTCfl H AOpnCOBHBaeTCfl 06jHSX, J^aHHUfi HMX ^OCTOeBCEHMl; 

caMX ate Conparm cz llecKoez (paBHO h Koe-KTO hbi OKpyataro- 
n^BX'B ero) ecTB hobeiS, qpesBuqaflHO j[H)6oaHTH£ifi n opHroHajiB- 
hh9 THnx. BBej^eHHuB aBTopoMX bi pyccKyio JinrepaTypy h toko 
HacToamift pyccKift no ;^yxy, no cnoco6y Bupaatenia, no Mane- 
paifB H no o6pa3y ^hshh. 

CoBpaT'L ocTopo^HO H nocji']&;(OBaTejiBHO paaBEBaeTi cboio 
MeTa(|)H3H^ecKyK) TO^Ey Bptnia. EMy npaxo^rHTcai 6eciA0BaTB 
CL j[iii](aME caMoro pa8HOo6pa3Haro xapaEiepa, HanpaBjenifl h 
odpasoBania, cjiyHaexca nnorj^a pa3roBapHBaTB n ex bobco ne- 
noAroTOBjeHHEiMH K'B 4^HJioco<|)CRoB Cecijifbj BOTopue noj^qac^ 
HrHopHpyH)T*B $HJioco$iK) HJH Boofi^e, — HJinate bo hma ^tohhoA*^ 
nayRH; HHor;^a eMy nonaj^aiOTCs, HaEonei^'B, JiHi^a, Boo6pa3HB- 
mia ce6a jidi,m,e snaxoKaMH ^njioco^ivi. ho b'b CBoefi seB'l^eCTBeH- 
Hoft HexepnaMOCTH npe3HpaH)n;ia bx ^acxnocxH xo ^HenayqEoe" 
HanpaBjrenie ^ujioco^m^ B'B Boeicy npiiMBiEaex'B CoEpaxs, naHBHo 
npe^nojiaraa, ?xo ^Hj!ioco(|)iH) ssaxB n o aocxohhcxb']^ sas^^aro 
<|)nj[oco4)CEaro HanpaBjenia pa3cy;E;iaxB mo;kho, ne nocBaxHBmii 
€e6a cneuiaAhHOMy HsyHeniio ^Hjioco^in. Kasx nsBicTHO, axo — 
caiifBifi HenpiaxHuS ji,jisi nacxoan^aro <|)HJ[oco$a EJiaccB jno^^eS, 
B'B cosRdLJiim)Oj AOBOJiBHO MHOFO^HCJieHHuS y nacB na PyCH. Ha 
UTh nana^TBH npHXO^^nxca oxB'b^axB h Bau^nniaxBca aobojibho 
^HepraqHo: b^ab n npoxnBHHBn ne n^a^cax'B CoBpaxa, cxapaH)xcA 
H3JI0BHXB ero B'B HpoxHBopiHiax'B H, He co^yBCXBya ero cxpan- 
Hofl ^njioco^m, ne i^epenonaxca B'B BHpaseniax'B. Cospaxi me 
He xoJBEO no6HBaexx npoxHBHHBOB'B CB ^opMajCBHO-JSorHqecBoS 
<;TopoH£i, HO nuxaexca en^e npHBecxH onnonenxoBi ei cosnanj^ 
flxi co6cxBeHHOfi ^njioco4)CEOfi nenpaBOXH, a JiyHmBXi ns'b 



22 



BBXi Q HaHMeH'^e saTeMHeHBHX'B pasflHMH npe;tpa3cy;i[RaMH na- 
jiipeBaeTCfl AB,m.e cmohhtb na cbok) CTopoHy, 3aBep6oBaTB Bt 

CBOH pfl^n. 

9thmi o6ycjiOBJiHBaH)TCa ;iBa Heoi^^HeHHEia CBoflcTBa ;i;iaJio-. 
roB'B RosJioea, jifkjianomisi bx'b oco6eHHO npHroiz^HHMH ;i;jifl qxeHifl 
EaHBHaH)ii]inMH: 

1) UonyAHpmcmh — ne bx ;^ypHOMX CMticJii danajiBHOCTHr 
a Bi CMHC^ii paii;ioeajiLHofl ^^oCTynnocTH h y6i;^HTejBH0CTH, ne- 
o6xo;(HMOfi 4^HJioco^y, roBopan^eMy co cjiymaxejaMH, nenocBflineH- 
HEiMH H He npome;^[UBMH ciporofl uikojih ^HJOCo^CRaro MHnueHifl 
(4>njioco^CRo3 rBMHacxaEH), ee o6ja;i;aK)ii(QMii cnei^iajiBHHMH cb*]^- 
;^•6HiflMH no HCxopin $HJioco$iH, 

H 2) KpumuHCCKan o6ocuoeauuocmh, saCTpaxoeaHHOCTB on 
BOspaateHiS ex pasjiHHHiflmHX'E ToneKx spinia, $Hjroco4)CKHX'B 
H BHt^HJioco^CKBXT, Hay^HHXT> H HeHayHHHxx: OHH BC* yate 
iipe;^ycMOTpiHH b OesnoBopoTHO onpOBepreyTti, OTBeprnyTH — ch 

TEBTOMX H OCHOBaieJIBHO. 3tHMH Ka^ieCTBaMH OTJIH^aiOTCa H 6ec•fei^H 

ocaMHXX OTBJteqeHEHxx npe;^»eTaxx, EaRx, nanp., o noHaxiH 6£iTia 
(bo II H III RHurax'L „CBoero CjoBa"). 

TeflxMiojuiepx h Kobjobb qacTO Racaioica o;^hhx'b h xixx 
se npo6j[eMX h pimaiOT'L nxx bx o;tnHaROBOM'B ^^yx'fi. Ho j^aace h 
BHaROMOMy ex eoHBHeHiaMH Te9xMH)jiJiepa BectMa noy^Hxeji&HO 
6iiBaeTx BHHRHyTb Bx B3J[oi:eHie KoBiosa n npomxyAHpoBaTB 
ero; paBHO h naofiopoTx. MoatHO ;iaate eRasaxt, hto wa 6ojib- 
iHHHeTBa ^HTarejieft ^Csoe Cjiobo*' EosjiOBa, ne roBopa y^Ke o 
CojBmefi ;i;0CTynH0CTH, ropas^^o nojesnie co^HneHift TefixMioj- 
jiepa, ROTopna (sa i!eRJ[K)?eHieMX neMHorEXx) npeAHasHaneHBE ;i;;ia 
yqcHBixx c^e^iaJI^eTOBx. 

KosjiOBX Hsjaraexx npoCjieMEi ab ovo, oCcToaTejiBHO, cno- 
koSho, Me;^J[HTeJiBHo; onx nocToaHHO esadataeTx eBoe HSJioseme 

BCTOpHRO-4)BJI0C0(|)CRHMH enpaBRaMH U HOilHHMEI He^OpnUBaiOII^BMH 

BO^xpoBepsaMB, Oi](%HnTB TeSxMiojiJiepa n Bacj[a;R;taTBca ero eo- 
HEHeHiaMB Bosexx tojibro enei^iajiHCTx, nojyHBBinifi <|)hjioco^- 



— 23 — 

csoe o6pa30BaHle, npnTOBCB emfi cpo^Hufi eHy no Haiypi, — kto 
caMi TaKoS se HeyroMOHHHfi 6oei^'L h o6jia;iaeT'L nEiJiKOCTBio ^y* 

Xa^ ETO CRJOHeH'E Kb flSBHieJIBHOMy nepCH^JIfl^Ey. dlH CBOSCTSa 

H3JioJKeHia cpasy BoaCTaHOBJiaiOT'B npoTHBi ce6a MHornxx npn htc- 
hIh Te9xMH)jiJ[epa. Eosjobx xoiRe cxpacTHHfi 6oei;'B, ho oh^e ho 
HajieTaeTi na Bpara 6jiecTflii^eio EaBajiepiScROtt aTxaROio, a Aaexi 
eiiy pasBepHyxBCfl hojihhmx ^poExoMi; ohx BiicjiyniHBaex'L spara 
ex TOHKOK) coKpaxH^ecKOH) HpoHieft H XBxpo 3aBo;i;HX'f. ero b'b 
lam ;^e6pH h nponacxa, hxo, OHyxHsniHCL Bt hhxi, ero npo- 
thbeheti caMX ymacaexca, BnojiH^ coseaBafl bx xo srq Bpena 
cuifflHyio cxopoHy CBoero noJioateHia. 

„Bc4 ;^opo^H Be;^yx'E bx Phm^*; Kobjiobx h TeflxMrojjiep'B 
Hj^yxt B'B ^viJLOCO^m EX o;^Hoa i^i JH, HO EoBJiOBx H;^exx c^oew 
j^oporofi. Ero Manepa nncBMa n Hsjosenifl, caMHfi cnoco6x 
H3CJ^'6;^OBaHia coBepmeHHO paaeaxca oxx TeHxMroJuepa. Hocjit^- 
Hflro MoatHO ynoAo6HXB CMijOMy reorpa^y-nyxemecxBeHHHEy, 
EoxopHS, BnepBLie cxynaa na HexomeHHsre nyxn n npoHHsaa bx 
nefii^^OMHa ;^oxoji4 cxpaHH, BecB norjiomenx co3epn,aHieMX oxEpsi- 
BaBomHxca npe;ix hhmx nepcneEXHBx h bx nepBOMx Bocxoprife 
Ha6pacHBaexx 6']^rjinfi, ho BecBMa xo^heiA a6pncx npofl;teHHofi 
/^oporH H nyHEXOBX, BamHHxx ex ero xoheh Bpinia. 9xoxx Mapni- 
pyxx, 8xa cxeMEa m^cxhocxh Ha rjiasx, btvl Ha6pocEH . sapan- 
;^araoMx, He npafiiraa ex qepxeaRHHMX h cxcmo^hmmx HHCxpyMeH- 
TaMx^ ex noMon],Bio o;^Hoft jthhib no^BopnoB xpySsH hjih nojieBoro 
fiHHORjra, ;^pa^o^4HHH: ohh ;taioxx BipHoe nonaxie o ;iyxi m^cx- 
hocxh; ho ohh Moryxx cxpa^axB eme npo6iJiaMH, x. e. ohh Moryxx 
KasaxBea ne 6e3yejroBHO ySiAHxejBHBiMH, PasHHO ephxheh, npaB- 
Aa, cnosofiHO en^^ao^ie ;i;oMa n ne oxBamsBaion^ieea nocji'fiAOBaxB 
ero eiiiJiOMy npHMipy, Moryxx exHAHO npH;i;paxBCa h 3ano;i;o- 
spaxB xoHHOCXB na6jiK);^eHiK h sanaeeft. Kosjiobx ate, npo;^o;iataa 
cpaBHenie, 9X0 — xpy;^0JiK)6HBHfl h cnoEoaHtiii BOMJieMipx-xono- 
rpa$x, Eoxoptifi, nojyHHBx nepBBia sanneH, H;^exx bx xy me 
cxpaHy npoBipaxB nepBaro eMijiB^aEa-nyxenieexBeHHHRa, nanpaB- 



— 24 — 

jiflBfflaro „pyjib kx seMJii, emfi ne OTKpEiTofi, ho yate nocpe^- 
CTBOMX BipHHXi yMOsaKJUo^eHifi nosHaHHofi** *), H 6jiaronojiyqH0 
BCTynHBfflaro Ha deperx axofi otkphtoS hmi hoboA seMJiH. Ko3- 
jiOB-B H^eTi yme ex njijiuMx TaatejiLiMt o6o30mi, ohi npoHSBO- 
^^HTx no;ipo6HyH) reoMeTpHHecKyH) h reojf^esHHecEyio cxeMKy h 
CTapaeTca cdficTBeHHtiMH cooOpameHiaMH h yEasaniaMH ^o;^TBep- 
;i:htb h ^OKasaxB b4phoctl nepBona^aJiBHaro Hepieffla, samnTHTL 
ero OT'L nycTHxx HanaAOKx 3jio6hhxt>, ho ne Bcer;i;a c^paBe;^JIH- 

BHXX KpHTHKOBB, KOTOpBIG HSX CBOerO yPJia HO BHJ^flTX ^HpeKpaC- 

naro ;j;ajieKa" h ^nepBona^ajiBHyH) noxBaJLtHyio ckpomhoctb npe- 
BpamaiOT'B BX necTepnHMyio THpaHHiio orpanaHeHHBix'B tojiob'b" ^). 



BH6jiiorpa$HqecKifl h npo^ia npHJioaceHia kx aiofl CTaiti 
HBTaxejiB HaBj^eT'B bi KOHH-fe KHnrn. 



*) «Be3CMepTie flyfflH» TeuxMiojtAepa, pyccKit nepeBOflii, cTp. 196. 
2) TaMi ace, cip. 68. 



II. 

BocnoiiiiEanie o P. TeBzunaaepi. 

Lass'nicht ungeriihrnt mich zu den 
Schatten hinabgehn! 

COoetheJ, 

XoTfl r. TefixMK)JiJ!epx h He nHcajii) no pyccKH, h noTOMy 
fie Mo;KeT'B bi» npsMOMi cMucji'ib 6utb npaHncjieni* k% 

PyCCKHMl ^IIJ[OCO(|)aM'L, HO OHX HM^JIX Bl PoCCIb MHOXeCTBO 

yieHHKOBX no AepnxcEOMy yHHsepcHTeTy, r;^i ohi cocToaJH 18 
Jiixx npo^eccopoMx (|)HJioco$iH. Hsx ^mcjia ero yqenHKOBi h4- 
BOTopHe CTaJH cnen;iaj[ncTaMn n cann ;ttltCTBy jot's heih^ b'b 
Ka^ecTBi npo(|)eccopoBT> (|)HJioco(|)iH b'b HMnepaTopcKHxi Poc- 
ciftcKHXTi yHHBepcHTexaxx, KaKi Si. $. Oce b% lOpLeBi, nnmyn^ift 
aiH cxpoKH — Bx KasaHH (panie Bt lOpteBi) h ;^o nero b'b Kasa- 
HH ate B. $. JIiOTocjiaBCKift (hhh4 b'b HcnaniH). Boxx noneMy 
a H p-SfflHiica MTB r. TeBxMioJiJiepy M-icxo b-b CBoeS KHnri no 
HCTopin 4)M0C0(|)iH b'b Poccin. 

JHovjidL a 6ojiie, 4'feM'B ji,o6^ux% nojixopa ;^ecaTBa ^ixxxoMy Ha- 
saA'B cofinpajLca bx ^epnxx (Ky;^a Mena ManHJia BOSMoateocxB Bcei^'fe- 
Jio nocBaxHXB ce6a HsyqeHiio <|)HJioco$iH na cyn^ecxBOBaBmeMx Tor;ta 
<;nen;iajiBHOMi oxji'fejieHiH (|)HJioco(|)iH npa HCxopnKO-^HJiOJiorflqe- 
CKOMX $aKyj[Bxex'6) h ecxecxBenno HHxepecoBajica, kxo b-b xa- 
noinHeMx yHHBepcHxeT'6 (|)HJioco(j[)i, KOxopnA cxaHex*B aiohmi pyKO- 



^ 



— 26 — 

BOAH'TejieM'L Bx saHflTiaxx, to a ycjiiixajix et oTBiTx coBepmeH- 
HO mh4 HeHSBtcTHoe H ^ymAoe hmh TeBxMrojjrepa. A a h Torjia 
yase He c^HTajH) ce6a coBepmeHBHM'B npo(|)aHOM'B bx (|)HJ[oco$iH. Eme 
Bx rnMHasm a '^nTaji'B ^ErjiocQ4)CRia n dorocjiOBCRia khhfh (uesajiY 
npoqHM'L npofflxy^^HpoBaJi'B Kyno $Hraepa „HcTopiK) hoboA $hjio- 
C0(|)iH" Bi nepeBoji* noKofinaro H. H. CxpaxoBa), npocjiymaji'B 
KypcB ^HJioco^in bx KasaHCKOMx ynoBepcHTeT'fe y HtiHiniHaro 
Moero yBaataeMaro coTOBapama no Kaeejipi, upo(j[). A. H. Cmhp- 
HOBa, He nponycKajix hh o^Hoft $HJOCo$CKofi ciaTtH Btatypna- 
Jiaxx, cocToa.iT» nojinHcqaKOMt nepBaro Ha Pyce (|)HJioco(J)CKaro 
mypnajia „$HTOC0(|)CKi9 TpexMicaqHHKx" A. A. KosJOBa, 
SHaJi'L HMena pasHHxx repMancsHX'B npo(|)eccopoB'B ^EJioco^im 
Pnjia, JIaaca, ABCHapiyca, FopBH^a h npacHEix'B, ho o 
TefixMBOJurepi ne CJiHXHBajit. Tenepb xkjio oCctoht'l unaqe: bx 
o6pani,eHie cpe^M pyccKOfl HHiaion^efl ny6.aHKH y^Ke Eyni,eHO oko- 
JTO nojiyTUcaiH SKseMHJiapoB'L nepoBOAOBX co^HHCHifi TefixMioji- 
jiepa, neMx noaBUJiHCb i^'ljina cxaTbH, buxo^rtt* RHHrn ero 
yqcHHROBx. Tenepb pyccKifi HHTaxejiF), CJii;taii],i8 sa (|)hjioco$ckoB 
jHTepaiypoK) jiajRe h Ha o^^homx pyccROMx asHRfe, HMieix bos- 
MOJRHOCTB ycJiHrnaib TefixMioJiJiepi h ;^a7Re osnaROMHTLca ex 
ero yqenieMX. H mh4 npiaiHO ;iyMaTb, hto btotx ycnixx es 
H^ROTopofi CTeneHH ofiasaHt mohmx jH^HtiMt ycHJiiaMX. 

HSO BCtxX HHCTO pyCCRHXl CneAiaJTHCTOBX no (j)HJIOCO(|)iH 

a — e;^HHCTBeHHHft jLvmuuH yqenaRT. TeflxMiojuiepa. BcsRaa Eo;^po6' 
HOCTB sRUdEE saMi^aTejiBHaro qeJOB^Ra sacjiyatHBaexx no^THTejiL- 
Haro H 3a6oTJi0Baro coxpanenia. S. ^Bno jsRe HyBCTByio noxped- 

HOCTb H Ka,K6u HpaBCTBeHHUB ^^OJirX mJlOTRETh MOU Bocno- 

MHHania o TeflxMK)jrjiep4, mocmx HesaCBeHHOMX y^HTej*. Bx 
oatH;^aHiH Cojiie 6jiaronpiaTHaro BpeneHH, Kor;ia mh* y;cacTca 
BBinoJiHHTB CBoe HaM^penie 6ojiie, oficioeTCJibHO, a nojiBsyiocb^ 
HacTpoenieMx, BaB'j^anHtiM'B na MOHa 10-mt> MaeMx c. r., roj^OBn^HHoS 
ero CMepxH, qxooH nadpocaxs Roe»qxo nsx xoro, mb xpanaxca 
B-B Moei! naMaxH oxhochxcjibho TefixMiojJiepa. Ilpeatjie h'Sm'b 



— 27 — 

[ BOCHyCb CBOHXT* JEHHUXX OTHOmCHifi SI HCMy, fl HanOMHH)* 

HbcKOJBRO o6mflX'h 6iorpa^H?ecKHX'L AftHHuxx. 

FycTaBx ABrycTOBHHii TeflxMioJJiepx po^Hjrca bi Bpayn- 
BtBefiri 19 Hoa6pa 1832 r. Ero OTei^i 6hijn> o^ei^epx, ero waiB 
[poHCxo;^Hj[a hs'b ce^eBcTBa, rjiasa ROToparo um'^j'l EaEoe-TO 

liCTO BX npH;^BOpHOM'B fflTaTi. Ajo60UUTE0y HTO 8T0 pOACTBO 

lecoMH'bHHO OTpaa^ajiocb bx HameifB uucjuEjeJiiy CBoeo6pa3HO 
tEasuBaflCB Bx HeMi ero HeBo;[BHHM'B n rjy^OEnM'B noHxe- 
BieMx npe^x xHTyjiaMH a SBaniaMH. Ohx nojiynnjix o^eHb xopomee 
BocnHTaHie, npoflBJiflBmeeca bx cb'I^tcbocth b H3aiii;ecTB']& ero Ma- 
Hepx. Ymuca TefixMiojuiepx CHaqajra bt> rHMHasin CBoero po^- 
Horo ropoAa n emjd na niROJhHofl ceMb'6 saBHTcpecoBaJiCfl ^^bjio- 
po4)CEUMH BonpocaMH, a HMeHHO Teopieio acTeTHEH, cb Eoiopoio 
nepBOHa^ajiBHo osHaEOMHJica no Ferejiio, a dotomx cii^ya coBtxy 
jHHTeJiJi, H no nepBOHCTOHHHEy — no ApncTOiejiK). Cx 1852 rojia- 
^OJio;ioft TefixMiojiJiepx uocbathji'b ce6a cnei^iajiBHOMy HBy^eniio^ 

^HJOCO^in BX BepjIHHCKOMX yRHBepCHTeii nO^X pyEOBOACTBOMX 

SHaMCHHTaro TpenAeJieHCypra, aBiopa ^JIoruqeCKHXx HSCJiiAOBa- . 
Bifi*'. dxa BCTp^qa HM'j^jia p'finiaH)n;ee SHaqenie ajisi HanpaBJieeia ^ 
sanaTiB CTy;^eHTa h wa nepBBixx marOBx ero JiHTepaxypHott 
sapBepu. 

A;^OJIB(j)x TpcHAejienfiyprx, oahhx h3x npeeMHHEOBx na- 
Baee;[pt Ferejia, npanaj^jieacajix ex ^BCJiy ^ecxoEHxx npoxHBHn- 
EOBx ero. Cx Apyrofi cxoponn, ne 6yAy^H bx CHjraxx cos^axB 
co6cTBeHHaro ^Hiroco(|)CEaro EanpaBJienia, onx GbijiI) saM'j^naxeJiB- 
BUMX seaxoEOMX 4^njioco(|)CEOfi Jinxepaxypu n no cnpaBeAJiHBOCXH 
AOJiaieHx c^HxaxBca oahhmx b3x ocnoBaxejieS HBin'i^uiBefl xonnoft 

HCXOpBEO-<|)HJIOCO^CEOfi MeXOABI (CXOJIB npOCJiaBJICHHUfi BX HamB 

ABU xpyAaMH 3AyapAa ,II,eji-iepa), Koxopyio onx npnjiarajix, npen- 
MymecxBCHHO, EX Hsyneniio Apncxoieja h oxnonieeia ero mh- 
CJiefi EX nosAHifiniHMx AOExpHnaMx („HCxopia Eaxeropifl"). Ecjiir 
npHHaiB BO BHHManie, qxo bx FepiiaHiH, a& h bx Apyrnxx cxpa- 
Haxx cpeAH npeAcraBBxejiefl $HAOco4)iH hbth* rocnoACXByexx^ 



— 28 — 

npncTpacxie ki saHflxiaM'L ucmopiew (|)HJOco$iH npe;^noqTETeJiBi 
^epe;^l) (J)hjioco$cehm'l opHraHajibHUMX TBopqeciBOMx bx npoi 

BOnOJOffiHOCTL CHCTeMHHMX yBJie^eHiflMt 4>R-'^0C0$0B'B, coBpeMei 

HHKOB'B Ferejra h EQejJHHra, to HaMi CTaHexx acho, kek] 
CojBfflyK) pojis nrpajix Bt aiOMx noBopoxi flHiepecoBt 4^HJt 
co(|)CKaro H3CJii;iOBaHia — TpeHAe-ieHoyprx, CMiHHBuiiS Ha B( 
JiHHCKofi, BjiaiejibHoft Kaee^pt h Terejifl, h LQejiJiHHra. Coo6pa3i 
HanpaBjeniio CBoero yqaxejifl, h TeSxMiojiJiepi sactjii sa Api 
cxoxejfl, IIjaxoHa a ;^py^HX^> rpe^ecKHX'L MyApei^OBi, sa H3y^( 
HGHie (j)aKTOBi. Ho BectMa HHxepecHO, yxo TpeHAejieHSypn 
caMX HejiOB'feE'B (|)aKTa, ne 6hji'b ojihocxopohhhmi.. Owh Hanpa 
BBJix BHHMaHie CBoero y^eHUKa, upoMt (j)HJioJioriH, xaKate na ecxe 
cxBeHHHfl HayKH H nocoB^xoBaji'L eMy saHHMaxBca anaxoMieHJ 
^HsiojorieK) h npo^. Bjrarojiapa xaKOMy pyKOBOAHxejbCXBy, hs 
TefixMK)JiJiepa BHpa6oTajica ct o^HOft cxopoHti ycH;^4HBij3 Kjrat 
CHKi-(j)Hj[OJior^, cxaataBuiifi ceGi Bnocji4ACXBiH no^exHoe hj 
(hma TefixMK)JiJiepa saneceHo bi cnei^iajibHLiS cnncoKt niMen^ 
KHXi $H-iojioroB'B); ci> ;ipyrofi cxopoHH, TeflxMioJiJrepx Btimej 
CojiLinHMi. j[K)6HxejieM'B h (^jia Hecnen,iaJiHCxa) soaxoKOMt ecT( 
cxBOBi;i;'feHiH: ero JieBi^iH nsoSHJioBa.iH npHM-fepaMH nat o6j!iacTi 
ecxecxBeHHHX'L HayKi*. HaMt hsb^cthOj qxo TefixMioJEJiepx enjiOTfi 
^0 caMofl cMepxH ycepiiHO nociai.aj'B H-feKOxopEM jieKi^iH no 

eCXeCXBeHHBTMl H MeilHH,HHCKHM^ HayKaMi. 

Bt. 1856 r. TeflxMiojiJiepx nojyqHJH bx XajiJie cxeneHB 
„j^OKXopa (|)HJioco4)iH H MarBCxpa HsamHtixx* ncKyccxBt**. Ho 
nepioil'B 6e33a6oxHaro nsy^eHia HayKi 6e3i HeofixoiUHMOcxH npaK- 
xH^ecKofi ^^'iflxejiBHocxH OKOH^HJica AJisi Hero eme panie. Ho CMepu 
ox^a OHX ocxajca 663^ ^^enerx h npHnyat^ieHi 6jbjjix 3apa6aTEiBaTB 
ce64 cpe;^cxBa ki cyni,ecxBOBaHiK), ;iOJiHeHi fiuxt acKaxb wicTa. 
noAo6HO BecBMa mhofhmx H'^Meii.BEiMi 4^HJioco^aMx, OH^b naiaJi 
-<;tj Micxa AOwaniHaro y^Hxejaa h Bocnaxaxejia ;^iTefl. 

Bi 1855 r. oflX) nocxynHJix Ha CJiyat6y bi AOWh reHepaja 
£epxepa, Koxopua bx cjiAyromeMx ro^^y 6hji'b Ha3HaHeH'B n 



— 29 — 

jWepfiypr'B repMancKHMx nocjiaHHHKOM'B. BMicT-fe ex ceMBeio 
ppiepa TefixMJO.iJiepx npiixa-ix Bt Pocciio. ^epesx 2 ro^ia 
n noKHHyji-b CBoe Mtcio h nocTynnj[x yHHTejeMX rpeqecKaro 
H-i^MeiiiKaro asiikob'l bx yqHwiHiii;e npa jiK)TepaHCEO& i^epRBH cb. 

iHHH. Bx ;KeHCKOMT» OTX^JI^BIH TOFO aie y^HJIHII^a MOJIOAOft 

jETopx (|)HJioco$in npenoMBajT* nejaroraKy; ii Bort o;iHa h3x 
|ieBHii;T), njiieeHHaji ero KpacHopi^ieMi, h spyAHuieH), ciaJia 
ro ffienoK). Bx 1860 r. TefixMK)ji-iepi> Bepeyjica sarpanHuy h 
ocTynejix npHBaT'B-;;oi]^eiiTOMx bi. reiTHereHCKifl yHHBepcHTeTX, 
it ceeji ;ipya:6y co BnaMeHHTUMt (|)ejioco$OMX F. P. Jo^^e 

: CT. r. PHTTepOMX, HSBiCTEHM-L BT, CBOC BpeMfl aBTOpOMX MHO- 
OTOMHOfl HCTOpiH (|)HJIOCO(j[)in. 

ffiasHB npiiBaix-Aoi^eHTOB'B npn repMaecKHXi* ynHBepcHxe- 
|axx, Be noJiyHaromnxi), KpoMt ronopapa ott. cjiymaiejiefl, hh- 
HiRoro noco6ifl n.in ^ajiOBasLfl, BOo6ii^e He Rpacna, ecJH ohit, 
|o;io6ho TeBxMioji.iepy, He hm^iotx coficTBeHHuxx cpe;iCTB'L. 
ioniJH T^^Tn^ a HaquHaiomeMy yqenoMy npexcjinjocB lOTHTbca 
tt ceMBefi Bx o;(Hofi ROMnaTl^. Ohi canx pascnasEiBajix naMx, . 
utRi 6iiBaJio sa o;ihhmt> h t'^mx H^e ctojiom'l h sa oj^hoh) Jiasi- 
lOK) ero jsena ydaiORHBaja MJia^^eni^a, a ohx cnjifkji'h cb nees- 

itHHOK) KHHrOH), HO fiOJILmefl HaCTH, ex rpeqeCKHMH TeKCTaMH' 

IpHCTOTejia, KOToparo ohx nponiTyjiHpoBaJi'B otx ;iockh to TO- l 
5Ke. IIoTOMx, KO^;^a cpe;^CTBa abh.ihcb, h ero TecTB, o^chb 6o- 
PaiHfi noMin^HKT, ciaj'B noMoraib TefixMiojjiepy, HOBoe laarejioe 
rope nociTHJio ero: ywepjia ero niwHO h ropa^o JiiofiHMaa mo- 
io;(eHBKaa ateHa... 

IIoTpflceHHiifi 9Tofl CMepiBK) TefixMH)Jijiepx, npeAnpHHaJix 
Ua pasciaHia bx 1862 r. 6ojiBmoe nyTemecTBie Ha boctobx, 
lOTopoe ;^JIHJI0CB okojo IV2 •^'^tx. Ho BOSBpameniH b-b FStthh- 
PCHx owh bo3o6hobhjix cbok) ^e;^a^o^HqecKyH) ^^taiejiBHOCTB, . 
nojbsoBaBmyioea CoJiBrnHMX ycnixoMX. Ho tojibko bx 1867 r. 
OHi Ao6Hjica SBaHia BKCipaopjiHHapHaro npo^eccopa. Bx cji*- 
AyjomeMx Tojij OHx nojiynejix npHrjameHie op;^HHapHHMX npo— 



30 



^eccopoMi Bi EaaejiB, vjifk ohx saBssajii MHuro^HCJieHHUfl{ 
npiflTHUfl CHomeHifl. 6a3eJi>CKofi nop'b csoefi tru^eh 
6cer;ta Bnocj'i^ACTBiH BcnoMUHa.ix , BaKx o npiiiTH']&3in( 
BpeneHH. 

Bx 1870 roAy coBiiOMx ^epnxcKaro yHHBepcHTexa Tel 
HiojEJiep'B 6ujLi» 6Li6pam> na Eaee;ipy ^mjioco^iii naiflcTO 
cjysHBmaro 25 ji'Iti h npoBaJHBmarocfl sa btophhhux'l Bui 
paxi rep6apT0Bi^a UlTpioMnejfl, nuE'k AOSHeaion^aro cboS 
rifi Bi^EX Bi JleSni^Hri no^eTHUMi* iipo(t)eccopoH'B. Bi K)pB( 
TefixMiojijepy cyi^AeHO 6uJio yse ocTaBaxBCfl ;io KOBi^a cboi 
^Hefi. Sjifkch OHTi sanHcaJi'B ecb cboh sandoji'l^e saM'j^HaTeJBi 
TpyABi. CEOH^ajiCfl OB'B 10 Mafl 1888 roAa nocjii ^OJiroBpeui 
Hux'B secTOHadrnHxi CTpaAaaii. BcEpuxie noEasajio pani 
jiy^Ea H pacniHpeHie nocj'fc;iHflro. Ecjih He ornHfiaiocB, aejiyAC 
ero 6ujix coxpaejieM'B bt^ mucAi npenapaxoe-B jopBeBCEaro yi 
BepcBxexcEaro naxo^ioro-aeaxoMH^ecsaro xeaxpa. 

TeixMiojiJiep'B 6hiJi'h oneHB djioaobhxum'b nncaxcjieMi. Oj 
Hanucaji'B Bcero OEO.10 20 xomobi coHHeeHifi (ee Bce HanH( 
Hoe HicL HSAaso H nanenaxaHo), ne c^Hxaa MejiKHxi cxaTeS| 
pei^eHsiS bi^ noBpeMeHHtixi BSAaHiflxi). Ho ero co^Hflei 
(BpoM']^ „Ee3CMepxifl AyniH^) ne npeHOcnjiH eiiy no^XH HHBas( 
iiaxepiajibHaro 3apa6oxEa. 

Ero JiHxepaxypHaa A'feflxejibHOCxs pacnaweTca na xpn ne^ 
pioAa. Ceaqajia, OB'B, noBH^nMOMy, h« ^yMaji cxaxB CBCTeM< 
HBiMx ^HJOco^OMi. Bce HanHcaHHoe hmi jio lOpBeBa BtpBi 
xpeHAeJieH6yproBofi xpaAHnin h nocBameeo ApacxoxejiH). 3aTiMl 
OB'B pacmBpaexi jihibb o6jiacxB cbohxi sasaxiS no Hcxopin ^H' 
jioco^Ib Ba ;tocoEpaxHEOBi h IIjiaxoHa. B'b bxomx HanpaBienil 
OB'B, EaEi H3BicxH0, ^ocxHrx fijiecxflmHX'B peByjiBxaxoBx; ohi 
pBs6jijLT> rocnoACXBOBaBmee i^ejiJiepoBo noBEiiaHie njaxoBBcm 
H BOBcosj^aji ^Jijioco^m AHaECBMaH^pa n FepaBJUHxa. UdM 
no Majiy ohx nepexoABX'B b si CBCxeMHOfi ({)HJioco4)iH, npaB^S} 
BucsasuBaflCB no cjiy^afiHuifB noBO^tam. Tas'B „£e3CMepxie fl' 



— 31 — 

• 

ffla**, ^CymeocTB jik)6bh", „3MaHCHnaaia aeeHmHH'B" — tsjikjiu 
nyfijiHHHBixx jieKi^ifl c^ 6jiaroTBopHTejiBHofl i^^jibk); ^JI^apBHHHCMii 
H (|)HJioco$ia", — aKTOBaa pi^L, BOSHHRmaa nst cnopoBx h co6e- 
c•feJ^OBaHifi ci BejiHKOM'L ecTecTBOB'fe;^OMx K. 3. BapoMx, koto- 
piift MHJiii B% Jl^epnii ea noKot. Tojisko bx CBoefl „MeTa$H- 
3HKi " Te8xMiQjrjiep'& BaxoAHTX Ha nacToamyio ;^opory. 
XoTa OHi H nocjii aioro oxBJieKaeTCa bi cxopony Hcxopin $h- 
j[OCO<{)iH (npcHMymecTBeHHO, no Bonpocy o xpoHOJiorin njaxoHO- 
Buxx ;^iaJioroBx) ho ohi ycniJEX caMi eme HB^aTB „$HJioco4>iK) 
pejinriH", r^* npeACiaBHjix BecbMa opnrHHajiBHyH) cacTOMy pas- 
;^•]&J[eHia pejiarifi. Bi nocjtjiHie ro^^H ohx pafioTajii Ha;^x ofimap- 
HHMi Tpy;i;oMx ^TeoJiorHKOH)" hjih ^^hjioco^ckhmi ynenieMx o 
Bori 0% TO^Ks sp'J^nia HCTHHHO-xpncTiaHCKofi ueTa^HSHse. dxofi 
sa;^aHfl ohx He ycntjii BHnojrHH*rb. ^acxt axoro xpy;ia, Kacaio- 
iii,aflca ^HoBLixi ocHOBonojioseHifi ncaxojioriH h jornEH^ 6ujlb, 
u3;^aHa nocji'l ero CMcpxa ojihemx hs'b ero yneHHEOB'B. Hhh^ 
noAroxoBjaexca kx HBAaHiH) flpyraa ^acxL axoro nocMcpxHaro 
Tpy;^a, ocxaBraaaca oohxh bi OKonqaxejitHo o6pa6oxaHBOMx bh;^4, 
HMeHHO ^$HJioco(|)ia Hcxopin". 

Co cxopoHH BHyxpeHHeft hjib CO CTopoHH cojiepataHia jih- 
TepaxypHHXx npoHSBeAefliS TefixuiciJiepa, ohx ^ojiatenx fiaxb 
paacMaxpHBaeMx EaR'B hcxophe7> (|)iiJioco(|)iH, h sass cacxeMHufi 
MHCJiaxejib. 9xH ji.B'k cxopoHH ero ^tiaxejiBHOCxa H^iyxx napaji- 
jiejLkHO a AOBOJiBHO HesaBBcaMO Apyri ox^ j^pyra, xoxa a bm4- 
K)x^ H^EOxopua xo^Ea conpaEOCHOBenia. KaE'B acxopaE'B f^ujio- 
coij^ia, OHi, BHCxynaBHiB nepBonaqaJBHO yqeBBKOMi TpeH;^eJ[eH- 
6ypra a npaBepatenii;eM'B ero MexojiH, paspafioxaJii a ycosep- 
mencxBOBajii ee, npa^aBi efi xapaExepi ^acxopia nonaxifi". 
Hayqaaa asBtcxnocxB Te3xMH)j[Jiepa sarpaHHUjed noEoaxca, npe- 
HMyn^ecxBeHHO, na exaxx acxopanecEaxx pa6oxaxi. Ha o;i;ho 
HSCJi'ibAOBaHie, noaBJaio^eeca o IIjaxoH'b a Apacxoxejii, Jiado 
oCx AHaECHMaH;^pi a FepaEJiaxi, ae o6oftAexca 6esi> pasc^exa ci 
xeopiaiia TefixMH}jijiepa. Ho 3HaH)n^ie Te^XMiojuepa, Easi acxo- 



32 



pnRa ^ajioco^in, noAHaci coBepmeHHO ne snaK)!!! ero se, xaEs 

HHCJTHTeJIfl. 

Fopaaw MeH-fee (cpaBHHxejiBHo) nsBicTHa ero CHCieMa. H 
8;^ics nepeoHa^ajiBHO CKaaajiocb BJiiaHie TpeH^^ejienCypra, npaBjia, 
OTpHfAaTejiBHO — Bt CMHCJii HpeAOxpaHeHifl TefixMH)Jijrepa ors 
yBJieneHia mo;[hoh) Tor;^a FerejreBmHHofi h npo^HMH OTxiHKaMH 
yeBBepcaJiHCMa. Ho ysne bx ^BescMepxia ;i;yniH" oh'l sasBJifleTS 
ce6a HjieHOMT> „Tofi bojtlhoS o6mHHH, HanpaBJieHie KOTopofi 
o6o3HaHaeTca HMOHaMH JIefi6HHi^a h JIon;i^e". fl ne CTany 3;i'6ci> 
xapaKTepHSOBaxB ero ^hjioco^ckslto nanpaBjieHia, ox^acxn noxo- 
My, Hxo a yate KacajLca axoro Bonpoca bi CBoefi KHHr-fe ^0 no- 
Haxia HCKyccxBa" , a ottocxh h noxoary, 4x0 b-b Moefi 
cxaxbi „0 rjiaBHiafflBXi $HJioco(|)CKHX'L HanpaBjieHiaxTb" („$h- 
jioco^isi H JiHxepaxypa" xoMt I, JV2 2) axo HanpaBjEenie oxapaKxepn- 
BOBaHO MHOH) nojix HMeHeMi. „KpHTHqecKaroHH;ieBH;iyajrHCMa" (caMS 
TeflxMiojjep'B HasHBaex'L ero ^nepcoHaJiHCMomt"). ^jra nonyjiap- 
Haro osHaEOMJieHia o^enb y^oGna EHnmBa caMaro TefixMiojiJiepa 
^BescMepxie ;^yfflH", BHnie;ifflaa bx cb4xx bt> pyccKOMi nepeBO- 
ni noAt MoeK) pe;^aK^iefl. Cawoe Jiyqmee, qx5 HanncaHO Teflx- 
MK)JiJiep'6, axo— cxaxLa namero BHCOKoyBaataeMaro pyccKaro mh- 
cjiHxejia A. A. KosjOBa bt> ^Boupocaxi ^^hjioco^Ih h hchxojio- 
rin", BT» 24-fi h 25-fi KHHffiKax'B sa 1894 roA^. TaMT> npe^- 
cxaBjreH'B KpaxKifl cbo;^^ yqeHift TefixMJOJJiepa, KaKX MHCJHxejiHy 
H KaKi HCxopHKa, H fijiecxflme oxapaKxepnsoBano SHaqenie era 
A'iaxejiBHOCXH. J[jie SBaKOMHX'B CB HxaJiBaHCRHM'B asBiBOMx a iiory 
yKaaaxB eme (ue cobcSmx y;^oBJIexBopHxeJ!BHyK)) MOHorpa4)iH> 
Filip^o Masci — Un metafisico antievolutionista, Napoli, 1887. 

nocjii 9xoro KpaxKaro oqepKa, cocxaBJOHHaro naMH oxqa- 
cx£[ no o^$Bii;iajiBHB[M'B H neqaxEBiHii ;iaBHEiMi, oxnacxn see no 
paBCKaaaMx caMoro TefixMiojiJiepa n ero ycxsHMx naMx cooCn^e- 
niaiix, HBi nosBOJEHMX) ce6'b o6paxnxBca ex sanacy cbobxi jehi- 



— 33 — 

Huxx BOcnoHHHaHifl — HaceS pasii, rjiaBHiiMx ofipasoBi-B, o jtta- 
TejisBOCTH Te8xBiK>jJiepa, RaRi npenoAaeaTejifl. 

Te9xMH)j[j[epT» HHTaJii o6in}e Eypcti no HCxopiK ^^n.ioco^iE 

H jiorQR']^ (TaRHce h ae;carorHR'6) bl caMofi 6ojibuio& ayAQTopiH 

Kt 5 wa cTyjteHTOB'B ;^Byx7» ^aRyjibiexoBx: r)orocjOBCKaro h 

ncTopHRO-(J)HJiojiorHqecRaro. Ho h aia caMaa oCraHpnaa ay,inTO- 

pifl He BM'bii^ajia bi ce6^ bc^xx mejiatornQxi, hgcmotp^ na ee 

oco6eHno nmoChhH, nocjitoGtAeHHufi naci. (4—5 nonoJiy^inH) 

Ha 3THXI jEeRi^iflxi HaM^ cjiyqajocB BH;t'fiTB (h oqeoB qacTo) 

CTyj^eHTOBT* Apyrnxt ^aRVJibTeTOBX, wc^ihrobi, iophctobi, ecie- 

CTBeeBHROBXj aRKypaTHO ftocfemaBfflHXx RypcT. h ne nponycRaB- 

fflBxx HH oiiHoS JieRi^in. Tefix:MK)jJiepx ^Hxaji, hjiu B'bpHie, 

l/„csa3ciBaj['L'' CBOH JieRi^in, ctoh na Raee^p*]^, sitpoflTHO, no npH- 

f HHEi CBoero Ma.iaro pocxa, ne noBBOJiaBmaro eny cwkiB, h6o 

Bi npoTHBHOMT. cj!yiat> Kaee;ipa BaKpHBajia 6il ero jihi^o ot^b 

|. aymaxejeH. ^HiaJi'B (no Rpafieeii whph^ o6u[ie^ HecnenjiajiBHue 

. Kypcu) 6e30 bcarhx'b EoncneKTOBx hjih TeTpajQ[efi bt> cejiy co- 

PBepmeHHaro o6jaAaHiir n npe^^MexoMi, n p'j^hbh). JleRi^iH o6hj[bho 

I nepecunajLBCB oCxflCHHTejcBHUMH npHM'i^paMH nsx o6jiacTQ ecxe- 

CTBeHHBIXl SayR'B, HCTOpin HJIH HSl 06B[AeHHBlX'B oTHomeHifl, a TaR- 

suQ myxRaMH h ocxpoxaMu. IIocBOOMy XHBOMy h Eenoci^^itJLHBOMy 
xapaRxepy h hsi mejiaflia Jiynme BHAixb cbohxx cjymaxejiefi Teiix- 
MioJEjiepi nocxoflBHO nepe6iraji'B oxi oaboS cxopoHU RaeeApBi 
SB Apyrofi, npH^eMX o6t pyRH ^epmaji'B bi RapMaHaxi 6pH)Ri. 
dxa no3a bx coeAnneHiH cb nocxoBHHOK) y;iBi6R0d ea ycxax'B 
npa^^aBajia eMy xaRoft bh;ix, RaRii 6yAxo CBoe xpy;^Hoe ^tjio 
HTenia nonyj!apHO-4)HJioco$CKofi JieKum oh-b ji'fejiaex'B niyxa, „Hrpa- 
H)hh". 3x0 ;iame moRHpoBajio niEoxopBixx,— npeHMymecxBenHO, 
t4xb JuoAei, Roxoptie npHBBiRjM bha^xb bx $HJioco(|)'fe fliRoero 
iepo(|)aBxa, ex ^o;^oCaK)^^eK) BaatnocxBio h cepBesoMi* H3peRato- 
o^aro RaRifl-xo xeMHBifl, bbicorom'^^Phbi^ n nenoHflXEBifl j^i^u. 
TaRie jik);^h, HecoMH^HHO, npe;^^o^JIH 6u na Micxi Te8xMK)JiJiepa 
BHjtixB RaRoro - jie6o nejiaBxa, nenojiBHmHO B03C'fe;iani,aro na 

3 



:\ 




— 34 — 

Kaee^ipi h TopjKecxBeHHO Boarjiamaion^aro cbok) MHHMyio My;^- 
pocTL, HeAOCxynHyK) HenocBameHEHMx. Cx axofi cxopoHH h cos- 
xana 6ujia, B'ipoflXHO, TeSxMiOJiJiepy KJiamss. „der Begriffsspie- 
ler" (BrpoRi noHflxiflMu), h oxcioAa me bcxo^^ujio MS'^Hie o Te8x- 
H)JiJiep'6, RaBi> HejfOBiK'6 des'b BCflRHxi> yO'l^^Aenifi, h xcjilko 
Heofiu^afiHO JiOBBOHi Aia^^KXHR'Jk (ua ifaeepx CKenxHRa Kapeea- 
;^a), roxoBaro Mxo-yro;iHO samHmaxb n pro, h contra — xorj^aRasi 
xpy^HO 6hiJio bslUte HeAOB'bKdi, o6jiaj![aBmaro CoAie opurHHajiB- 
HUMH n flCHo <|)opMyj[HpoBaHHH]iiH MH'^HijiMn, H 6ojiie y6i' 
;x;^eBHaro bi npasoxt nxi, RaR'L BBieeHO Te8xMio;iJiepi. 

Ci» BHimeefl cxopoHM HxeHie TefixMio-uepa 6hjio npeRpa- 
CHO H ^(ocxaBJifljio nojiojKHTejibHoe eacjiaxjieHie. ^xenie 6ajio onem> 
ecxecxBeHHO, yMpeeiji 6uaji jornqeBi, cxpofi p'i^qH Becbiia npo- 
cxofi. HeMHoro HenpiaxHO A'i^ficxBOBaJii tojibro rojiocx — rphrje- 
Boe $HcxyjibHoe conpaHO (bx ofimecxBeHHOMi pasroBop*]^ y TeSx- 
MK)JiJiepa 6ujii> xpunjiOBaxuii ;RUAeHbRi8 xeHopoRi); ho u bto 
conpaBO nopamajio xojibRO bi EsmsLJifb. 

Ci> BHyxpeHRefi cxopoHu n3;i03ReHie 4>hjioco$cruxi> aobxphhi 
6ujio 6e3ynpe^HO h oxjin^ajiocb Heo6Bi?afinoK) flCHOCXbH) h otfn^e- 
noHflXHOCTbK). XoM o6mie RypcEi bi eifeMei^RHX'b yHHBepcHxexaxi 
qHxaioxcfl BOo6ii^e ^oexynHO h BJieMeHxapHO, ho nsjiomenie Tefix- 
MioiEJiepa Bbf;(aBajiocb, RaRi> CBoeK) nonyjiapHOCxbH), xaRi h rjy- 
^ORHMi oo^^ep.HaHieH'B, se cxpaAaBuiEMx oxi nonyjflpHsai^iH, nrb 
o6j[BqaJio 6oJihmo1i xaMnaHxi opaxopa. 

Bi cxapoMx ;^ep^TCKOM'B yHHBepcHxexi He BO^HJOCb jh- 
Torpa4)HpoBaHHuxx RypcoBx: RasAHS cxyAeHxi> BeJii cbok) sa- 
uHCb, CBOK) xexpa^b (Heft). Xoxa a no npiis^i 3% ^epnxi h 
jmocxaxo^HO xopomo Bjfa^iiE'b n'^^MeuRHMi asuROicb, ho BcexaRH 
He fiujn emfi bi cocToaniH sanHCUBaxb cjnimannoe npaiio no wb- 
icei^RH. IIoaxoMy s A^Jiajii bl yicb HOMeHxajibHiiS nepeBOX'B na 
pycCRifi asuR'b n sanaCHBajn no pyccRH riaBHua mhcjh mkhihl 
BX iix% nocxeneHHOicb pasBHTin, ne nponycRaa HH«iero cyn^ecx- 



— 35 — 

BeHHaro. Ho c^acTJiHBoft ciy^afiHocTH bx moqxi dyifaraxi co- 
j[paHHj[[ocb Ha^ajo nepsaro cJumaHHaro mhoeo y TeSxMfOJiJiepa 
Jtypca no HCTopia hoboA 4)HJioco4)iii. Yn^jiiumiili jhctx co^ep- 
sRVLTii BCTyniEeme bi axoTi Kypci: odiJiCHeHie SHaneHifl h i^'I^jih 
flsyneHifl 4^0Jioco$iH h ea HCTopiH h o6n;ifl nonflxifl o6'b hcto- 
pHHecRHXi n HCTopHRo-(|)HJ[Oco4>CBHXi MeTo;(ax'B. ?to6h ;^aTB 
xOTfl npii6jin3HTej!iBHoe noHATie o6i Hsaii^Hofi JierKOCTn n ;i[o* 
CTynHoS ;(a7Ke pe6eHBy o6pa3i](OBOi! nonyjiapHsauiH (|)Hjroco$iH, 
ji npHBe^y h']&ckojibbo otpubbobx b'b tom^b caicoMi bh;^^^, bi xa- 
EOM'B OHH 6Hjrn sanHcaHBi mhok) sa jreKi^iflxi TeSxMH)JiJiepa b'e 
nepBuft ceMecipt mohxi sanaTifi b'b ropheBCKOMx yHHBepcHTeii. 



V 



ITepBuS Bonpoc'B, no^Jie^aiiiiB EameMy pasptmemK) bi> 
Haqajii aioro Kypca, ecxt: KaKoe snaieHie HMiei'L (|)HJioco4)ia, 
H ^jfl qero ee HsyqaTt? ?to6h oxBiTHiB na axoTi BonpocB, 
saMtTBMfB, HTO 3HaHifl BOo6mfi — pa3A'i^JiflH)TCfl Ha 1) SHaeifl cne- 
i^iajBHUfl, HyiBHHfl AJisi Toro, hto6h BaHJiTB saBoe-iH6o nojio- 
aiLeHie, h 2) BHaeifl o6ii](eo6pa30BaTej[BHBifl. SHama nocji'^AHflro 
po^a no;^pa3;i']^jrflK)TCfl bi cbok) o<iepe;^B Ha4pa3pfl;ia: I) SHanifl 
pej^uiiosHUH. ^eJOB'hKi ouHqaeTca otx npo^Hxi atHBOTHHxi, 
npeHMyn^ecTBeHHo, t'j^m'b, <ito HM'beT'B pejiariK); y :khbothhx% I 
H'bT^ pejiHriH. ^ejioB^Bi tblq HeMucjiHM'B 6e8i> pejiHrie, hjih " 
OHT. ecTB npocTo atHBOTHoe, CKOTHHa. II) SHanifl smuHecfdHj pe- 
ryj[HpyH)ii^ifl OTHomeHifl HejiOB'^sa b'b noAoOHUMi h caMoicy ce- 
6^. npo;](yKTOM'L diex'B SHania flBJfleTCfl xapaBiep'B: odpasoBaH- 
Hiifi qejiOB'^si> HeMBicjuicL 6e3i xapaKxepa. Ill) Hcnyccmeo^ 
icasi BHpaseHie shshh hjiii oTHomeHifl qejEOB^Ra bx jbhbhh. 
[paB^ia, He BcaBifi Moa^eTi n cam 6EiTb xy^^oa^HHROMi. IIpo- 
;(yBTOMi HsyqeHifl hcrycctb'e ABjaercfl ^icj^c^. BRycE CRasHsa- 
€TCfl Bi oTHOmeHie r'e npoHSBeAeHiflMx ncRvccTBa. Rto ci o^h- 
flaEOBuifB qyBCTBOM'B ^HxaeTi rgie h RaRoro-HH6y;(B peoMO- 

3* 




— 36 — 

njiexa, toti He BM'i^eT'b BKyca, h ctojo 6uTh, HeotfpasoBae'b. IV> 
TaRi RaR'B qejoB^Ri — cyn^ecTBO no3HaH>iAee, to Hapo^A£tK>TCA 
cnei^iajiLHUfl uayKu. Ho eexb oe^na eayKa, npHHiiMaH)n;afl bs 
paBCHeTx TpetfoBaeifl bcIxi nayRi h 3aoRMaH)ii^aflCfl h3CJ['6;[o- 
Bameif'B bcI^x'b nayiHEix'E MeTOAOBi h ochobhbix'l noHjiTiS. ?aeT- 
HUfl HayKiT; ynoTpetfjTflfl o6ii^ifl noHflrifl, He H3C.i'b;^yK)TT> ex's 
caicH, a CepyrB uxi hs'b o6n;eB corpobhii^hhi](ei asuRa, xaR'L csa- 
saTB, na npoKaTi. Bthmh „.ieMMaMH^ b 3aHHMaeTCfl nayRa-if^H- 
jioco(|)ifl. OicioAa noEUTHa Ba/RB0CTi> H3yHeQifl 4^HJioco(|)iH. Hsy- 
qHBX 3Ty HayRy, mu yate C03HaTejibH0 6y;^eM^ ynorpeC-iflTB 06- 
n^ifl noHfltifl h bi ;fiD3Hif, h b'b cnei^iajBHBix'B Haysaxx, 6y;(eM'B 
SHaxb Hxi HacTOflu^ee SHa^enie h 0000061 hx'b npoHCxo;RAeBifl 
Bx pasyM']^. Saifl^THMi, ^to bi cocTaBx BOcnHTaHiji u o^yneHifl 
BccrA^ H BO Bci BpeiceHa Bxo;(flTi> H^RoxopHe a.ieMeHTu cjy- 
qaSBHO H nepeMtHHue, RaR'B ycxynRa uon'b h jtyxy anoxH. Ho 
nepe^BCJieHHiie nexupe ajiCMeBxa nocxoAHHEi, Bcxp']kHaK)TCJi Besj^i 
H BcerAa, bo bcarom'b Hacxoaa^eM'B BOcnHxaHiH n ne Moryxi 
6iiTB ncRjiOHaeMBi ii3i Hero. 

Ho He saM'^HfleT'B jljh pe^ieriH) (|)HJ[oco(|)ifl9 ejlu naofiopoxi? 
HaxoAflTCfl JiK)AH, CHHxaiomie OAHOBpeMCHHoe cyn^ecxBoeaHie pe- 
jmnR H (jfi/i.ioco^m H3JiHmHeK) pocRomBio. Oahh nojararoxi; ^xo 
pejHrifl yae ^aexx oxB'fexx na $^'^oco(|)CRia 3aAaqH; ;ipyrie ;iy- 
icaioxx, ^xo ([)HJioco$CRoe HscJi'ikKOBaHie ynpasAHflexB Btpy. Ho 
jifbjio Bx xoM-B, «ixo pejiaria Ceax 6orocJiOBia h fioroyqenia ne 
Bcxpt^aexca (pasB'b jhoib y RBaRopoB^). BorocJOBie se ecxB 
coBORyoHOCTB ;^Byx'B a-ieMOExoBi: pejisrin h 4>HJioco4>CKaro h3- 
cjiAOBaeifl. OChrhobghho: h'St'b pejiarin, Hixx h 6orocj[OBia, — 
h4tx fiorocjiOBifl, nix-B h pejinriB; 9xh sjieMeHXBi nepaspBiBEH, — 
H HecnpaBeAJiHBO cpaBHeme pejiHria h (j[)HJioco(|)in Ch arHeEPOMs 
H BOJROifB, sanepxuMn bi o^ny OB^apHio. Mbi biixhmx na npo- 
TasRenin Hcxopia i^tjiue B'^Ra, Ror^a ^H;ioco(|)ia 6uja noRop- 
HOK) CJrysaHRofi pejiariH. CaBiaa 6orocjroBCRaa ^toricaxHRa ecTb 
upoAyRrB ^HJioco4»iH. ^a n noHbiHt bi> Raxojin^ecRHX'B cxpa* 



4 



— 37 — 

Eax'L peJiBrin npeAuucuuaexi sasoHU h HayR^, n ^hjoco^Ih. 
TaKHM^ oCpasoifB, ecjia yse tobophtb o rjiaBeHCTBt u noAa- 
BJieeiii, TO CRop'i&e paierifl MOHceTx no;(aBjiflTb (|)Hi[oco({>iH), a He 
HaodopoTx. Ho pejiHria HHorAa h ne Mosexi o6KOAmhca 6631 
ycjyrx 4>h 'ioco^^Ih. TaR'E bi eame Bpeiifl CRenTni^uCMi h ueBi- 
pie Bce Bume a Bume noj^HMaiOT'B roJOBy. HhoS h xot^jh 6ii 
BipHTB, Aa B^pa He noA^BHaexcH o;^hoS Jtamb B0.it. Ha RaRoS 
se noHBt MOHserB pejiHrifl tfopoTbCfl co CRenTni^HCMOM'B, rubi 
He Ha noqB'l (f^Qjoco^ie, RaRi He nyxeMi ^(ORasaxeiiBCXB'B oxi 
pasyMa? HxaRi, pejiam ne ;cojiSHa OTroHflXB oxi ce6fl ^^hjio- 
co^iH), a CRop'ie a-sa cbohxi ;Re i^'i^Jiefl eS CJiij^yex'B npHBie- 
Kaxb j>nvioco(|)iio bx ce6'6. 

$Hj[oco4>ifl H pejiHrifl ee Moryx's ROHRyppnpoBaxb en^e h 

HOTOMy, ^TO HCTO^HHRH QX'B HOSHaHifl CQBepmeHHO paSJIH^HU. 
^ijl,h ^EJlOCO^ia HM'ieX'B HCXO^HHROMI OAHHX TOJIbRO „?HCX£l9 

f pasyifL". EcjiH naM'L BOBpasflxi: no^eMy, ecjH js^ijio tojibro 3a 

paSyMOMX, Bl ^QJ[0C0(|)iH AO H npH Pom;](eCXB'& XpiICXOBOMB 

He 6fiM0 xaRHxi sro noHHTifi, hx5 xenepB, to mu otb'I^thm'b, 
^xo H (|)Hjroco$ifl pa3BHBaeTCH. CpaBHnii'B repoes'B Foiiepa ch 
co6oH): RaRaji pa3HHi^a uesajij hxi HyBCXBOBaHiHMH h HamnicH! 
Ho saRx pasBHBaioxcfl ^yBCXBa, tbr'b pa3BH6aeTCH h pasyni. 
EyjBTypa panie ne npexcTaBJifliaAJiflpasyMaTaRHX'BoCBeBTOB'B) 
RaRx TenepB. Ho jifkio RyjiBTypu niJO Bnepexi*, abhjhcb buc- 
mie ooikeEXBi, napoAHJiacB h cooxB^xcTBeHHan ^HJioco^^iii. 

PtmHM'B xenepB BTopoS Bonpoci: sa^tMi nsyqaTB ucmopiw 
BOo6n^e h ncTopiio ^njoco^iio b'b ^acTHOCTH? Ha aTO saM^THM'B: 

BO HepBHX'B, TOJBRO 3Ha2 HCTOpifO, HHA^BH^IX MOSerB 2SHTB 
SBSHBK) C03HaTe4BH0K); BO BTOpUXIb, HOJieaHUlCB rpaSA^^HBHOlfB 
'^eJIOB^Rl) MOS^eT'B 6£ITB JHIUB HpH SHaHlH HCTOpiH. HpHCTyiafl 

r:b o6cy;RAeHiK) RaRoro 6h to hb 6ujlo o6n^eeTBeHHaro Bonpoca^ 

JCil MOXeMl TOJIBRO CB nOMOH^BK) BCTOpiH AOCTBrHyTB npaBBJB* 

fiaro cy2RAeBifl. He snaa BCTopiB npeAMexa, „RaRi fiuJOA^^o^^ 
Jiii ne SBaeMB, RaRi a OTnecTBCb r:b Touy bjib ^ipyroaiy ^%m^ 



n 



— 38 — 

Hiio. HxaKx, HsyqeHie acTopin me aac^ nojesHO HenocpeACT- 
BeHHO npaRTu^ecKH, h6o ch ea noMomBH) mu ynpa^Heaesix ceoe 
ofimecTBeHHoe , nojioweHie, 

Jifiji'be. 06paTHMCfl kt* ECTopin ^hjioco^^Ih. RaKi cyiii.e- 
CTByeTi He ojiesl tojibko pejHrifl, laKt ecTB h He o;^Ha ij^EJioco- 
4>ifl PejHriio mu npHHBMaeM'b bi a'^^tctb'I^, 6e3% ynacTia nameft 
co6cTBeHHoB bo;ih; Bcxynafl bi sp'bjiEiK Bospacxx, mei naHHHa- 
ewb oTHOCHTBCfl r:b Hefi y»e cosHaxejEBHO h A'^jaeM'B cBolt bu- 
fiop-B. To4no TSLKSRe 6e3C03HaTejiBeo h cl A^TCKHXii jiiTx mh 
BOcnpHHHMaeM'B u KaRyK)'JiB6o nsBtcTHyio (jfviAocoiffifO ^epes'B 
;^pyrifl nayKH, nepes'B ashe^ h t. a. Bes;^*, bi tomx qHCJit bt 
BO Bcikx^ Haysaxi mh naxojiHM'B KaKifl-jiH6o (|)Hj[oco(|)CKi2r nap- 
Tie. ?to6b[ cyj^HTB npaBHJiBHO o6'B ojiMoi napxiH, Ha;^o6HO aeaivJ 
Bcb napTin, a xaRoe ssaeie ^^ocraBJiJieT'B naMi ncTopifl ^vulo-i 
co$iH. HxaEx, HCTopiK) (|)HJioco(|)iH MBi Hsy^aeMx jiJis. Toro, ^to- 
6hi opieiiTHpoBaTBCfl cpe^H (|)fli[oco(])CRHX'B uiKOJi) u yM'^TB, sanp.^ 
jiH)6yK) uoaaBmyK) eaM'B bi pyRB RHnry hph^hcjihtb ri hsb^ct- 
HOMy f^nMCO^CKOUY nanpaBJieniK). Ecjih CRasRyx'B, mto cocxaBH- 
xejB dxofi RHHre (jieRi^ifl Bxopaa) ne saAaBaJioi ^^hjoco^^crumh 
saw^awH, X. e. Chji'b naxypoK) He $^jioco(|)crok), xo bto — ae- 
npaB^ia. BcflRifi o^pasoBaHHufi qeJOB'i&B'B ynoxpetfiaex'E Maccy 
noHflxifi, B'b ROxopux'B a6cxpaRXH0 Bupaaiaexcfl ero oxHomeHie 
Ri jKHSHH, ero $HJ[Oco4)CRoe HanpaBJieHie. BcflRoe ofipasoBanie 
.HM^exi (|)HJOCO(])CRyio no;tno4BY. BcflRaa RHHra ecxB oxnenaxoR's 
fxaRi Ha3B[BaeMaro Ayxa BpeMeHH: aaxoxi „;^yx'B BpeMeeii^ Hecxb 
l4>HJioco$ifl CboxB'ii^xcxBeHHofi anoxH. Kxo xejiaexi onpex'^JiHXB 
^AjTh RaRoro-jH6o BpeMOHH, xoxx ;(0J[»eHi oxapaRxepHsoBaib 
^HJOCO^iK) axoro nepio^a. Hcxopifl (|)HJioco4)iH Aft^xi naM^B 

BOBMOmHOCTB, MeiRXy np0HHM*B, Cy^HXB RHEFaX'B H npOH3- 

BOjs,Ei!h najiJiexan^iS Bufiopx hxi ajia ^xeeiH h H3y?eHifl: 
RaRi npH oii'6hr'6 jromaiefi mh nasHBaeMx pacy e& (HecMOxpa 
na TO, qxo Bcer;ta ecxB h'£cro;ibro cxenenefi AOCxoHHCXBa b:b 
JuusAoff pact), ^ bthmi npH6.iu3iiTejiBno onpe^'IiiifleMi ^buy .lo- 



— 39 — 

maAH, TaK'B, npa^HCJIilfl KHHry KI H3B']^CTH0My 4^HJI0C0$CK0Ml||ii 

HanpasJieHiio, mu npeAP'i^uiaeiM% ea ou'l^HRy. Hame BSJiO/ReHin 
HCTopiH $HJioco$iH 6y;^eT'b apttcmoKpamuHuo, t. e. mh 6yAeMi\ 
(aHHMaTbCfl usyqeeieMi CHCieMx o^ihhxi tojibbo RpynHiix'L ^^e- 
joco4)OBx, onycKafl mcjikhxx. Bi ucTopHHecROii HayK'6 ecxb bo- 
o6ii^e ABa HanpaBJieeifl: oaho (BdRBJb h ap) npeAnojiaraeTi, 
HTO HCTopH^ecRifl cofiHTifl cyxB pesyjibTaTH coBORyneocTH 6e3- 
soeeMHO Majnixi eAHHHqnHxi x^flTejibHOCTefi; bi ncTopHHecROM'B 
jtBHaeniH rjraBHyio pojib arparoTi Ae MaccH. Apyroe — apncTO- 
spaTH^ecRoe (PaHRe, Rapjiefljib) yqeii, ito B*b ncTopu^ecROifJl 
npoi^ecci^ rjraBHafl pojb np^HajJiexHT'b reniflH'b. IIpH dTOMTfl 
fltrb HaAoCflOCTH oipai^aTb, ito raRase HMieix M'ikcTO h Bjiame V 
ospyacaioniHX'B o6cTOflTeJibCTB'b hjih cpeAu; ho Bctxi* BjiflHiS ee 
6hjio 6h AOCTaTO^HO, ^to6h npoHSsecTH co6HTie, He asHCb re- 
Hia: xaRx pe^opMaaia — jtfkjio JIiOTepa. IlepBoe MniHie neyAOBJc- 
TBopHTejbHO, h6o mctx npocTopi cjiyiafiHOCTH, — npocTOMy mo- 
xaHHHecROMy BOsi'i^ficTBiH), He HanpaBJiaeMOMy pasyMOMx. Ho 
BTopoMy — BT» Mipt rocHOACTByeT'b pasyMX. JumEsm BOja, cy6x- 
eKTHBHHfl noiHHx. ^cjiOBiR'b HO CBOCMy oOpasoBaHiio Bcer^a — 
AHTa CBoero B'^Ra; ho rjiasHuS ^aRxopx b'b HeMx — cyoieKTHB- 
HufipasyifB, pearapyion^iS Ha BOSA'i^KcTBia BH'i^mHaro Mipa. TaR'B, 
HSBtrTHO, 'iTo y DleRcnHpa 6hjio ne Majo npeAmecTBennHKOBx, 
o6pa6aTHBaBruHX'b nep^ARO xfe ;Ke caMue cioaeTH. Kioaje CRa- 
KeTi, OAHaKO, 4T0 Ae ero reniajbHua ApaMU — ne a*JO ero cy6ieR- 
TBBHaro JH^Haro renia, a apocio npoAyRTi^ cpeAH, aBHBmifica b'b 
CHJiy HesaBHCHBfflHxx OTX caiforo UleRcniipa o6cToaTeJibCTBi. Hc- 

TO^HHR'b BC'fcx^ TBOp^eCRaXX CH-JX BaRJUO^aCTCa BX BHCnOCJiaHHOS 

OTi Bora npspoA']^ hjih acHXH^ecRofi opraHHsauin qejOBi^Ra. 
Femfi npo^iaraexT. noBHe nyxH. BHCwapRi eAonoJiHqHO Boscoe- 
AHHHJi'b FepMaHiK) bi oaho rocyAapcTBo. HcTopia nayRx npeA- 
CTaBJiaeTi xaRxe pasexeJibHue npHMipu anaqenia jih^ihocxh: hxo 
6uA0 6u ch acxpoHOMieK) h MaxeMaxHROK) desi Hbioxona h Jlefi- 



I 




— 40 — 
6HHaa? HraKT), o6cToaTejiLCTBa .laiOTX jiJia. naiuefi A'fefl'rejibHOCTfl 

TOJIbKO TeMy HJIH npe^tMCTx. 

HoJiHoe HSJioateflie Bcfexi ^^aHHuxt Hcxopia $HJioco(|)iH 
6ujro 611 yme He (|)Ui[OCO^CRnM'L, a ^VLJiojiOTimecKEWh bjth hcto- 
pHKO-jiHTepaTypHHM'B. ^Jia Hsyqeaia BcecxopoHHaro oco6eHH0 
peKOMeH;^yK) Pummepa ^HcTopiio xpacTiaecKofi ^hjoco^ih". 
06paii^aH) Bame BHHHame na omndsy bx 3arj[aBiii: anHTeTi 
^xpHciiaHCKaa" j^ojixewh o6o3HaqaTi> s^^fecb ^hjioco^Ik), 6uBuiyH) 
nocji'k VoTRjiecTBa, XpscTOBa; a Majio jeq 6ujio sa axo Bpena ^h- 
Jioco^cKHX'B ciicxeM^, HUHero o6maro He HM'feBiuHX'B ex xpHCii- 
ancTBOMi,? KpoMi Toro, iiocjit BoapoMtAeHia Bomeji'B bi MO^y 
rpeqecKifi asuKx, ^aaoOptTeme jibflBOJia," a BMicxi ex ehmi 
H rpeqecEaa <J>HJioco(|)ia, HM*Bmaa HpesBH^afieo fiojibinoe Bjia- 
Hie Ha HOBBixi) MHCJiHxejefi, xasx hxo npn ofibacHeniH hobhxi 
4>Hjioco(|)OB'b HaMx sanacxyK) npa^^exca npnCiraxb kx ;^0KxpHHaM'b 
ApeBHerpe^ecKHMi. 

KoHCHHO, MH 6yjieMT> Hsyqaxb acxopiio ^BJioco^iid Kpumu- 
necKu, Ho Kaaie me Oy^iyxx y naci KpaxepiH? I) He Bsaxb m 
HaMi Kpaxepifi uepKoeuo^xpucmiaHCfciii? Ho xo^;^a y nacb no- 
jiyqaxca He $HJioco(j)CKoe Hsyqenie, a 6orocjiOBCKoe, HyatHO aa- 
MixHXb, Hxo a) SorocjOBie HMiexx cboh) oco6eHHyK) xo4Ky apt- 
Hia na (|)HJioco(|)CKia aBjieHia, h 6) qxo ecxb CMCxewH, Koxopiia 
BOBce oxpauajLH i^epKOBb h ea aBxepaxext, CnpaBe;[JiHBO jih 6y- 
j^exT; npejiaraxb k^ HHM'b xaKott RpaxepiiiF II) Mo^ho Baaxb 
Kpsxepifi, o6n;i3 cb PaxxepoHi. TaBX KaRX napxifiHaa hjh 
nojieMn^ecKaa spnxaKa, Koxopyio npeBepHceHei;T» ipyroB napxin 
He cxaHexx npHsnaBaxb, ne rojiHXca, xo, Cuxb Momexb, y;to6- 
Hie Bsaxb RpnxepieHi o6u^ecmeeuHoe MH'^Hie, allgemeine Meinung, 
opinion publique. TaKoe Mntinie oOpasyexi. naR^H buboax hsx 
^acxHHXT) MHinifl ^aHHaro speMeHH. j^Jia CojbuiHHCXBa axo— ca- 
Biaa Bucmaa xo^Ra apinia, CBoero pow nCn. ^yxx": B^Ab HHHe 
Menie npeRjonaroxca npejix npe^TOHcaHiawH pejiHrin, n^wh upexh 
Mo;(OH) HJin odo^HMi MH'i^HieM'b. 8x0x1 Rpaxepifi Hey^otfeHx, roiaB- 



— 41 — 

HUMi>o6pa30Mi>, — liMx, 4T0 BecbMa xpy^HO onpeAtJiHTb „o6mee" 
UEiuie no oahomj KaKOMy-41160 cnei^iajJbHOMy, h t'I^mi 60* 
Aie (|)HJioco(])CROM7 Bonpocy. Hey4eHHXT» h HeBOMueTeHTSEix'B 
jiK)AeS c^Hxaxb nenero, a y^eaue ^ajieso ne Bcer^a pimaiOTCfl 
BHCBaaaTb CBoe MH'bHie. P'bmHTejrbHiifl, ho He scerxa cnpaBex* 
jiHBHfl MH'&nifl BucRasHBaiOTCfl TOJibKO Bi rasexHux'B nepe;(OBH- 
^ax^. Eas'b ase lyxi nocxynaTb? He CHHxaxb me rojoca 06- 
mfiWb iLie^HCi^HXOMx! Bt;tb jiio^^h nepaBHu paayMOMx. Oahh7> ro* 
jiocB 6£[Baexx HHor^a npaBHJbH'le Aecaxsa xucfl^i rojiocoBx; 
ojtHH'L HeJOB'^Ki HSMliH^exx nojtHaci MH'i&Hifl MBoraxi xuca^'b. 
Jlfi RoQepHHBa Haji'B nHoaropefiaaMH CMtajHCb n&ky ne iiCBJiH>Rafl 
Apucxoxejifl H IIxoJOMefl. KaBx. iiaap.^ pyKOBO^flCb odn^ecxBee- 
BHMi MH^HieMi, ptiUiuxb Bonpoci> 06% HcxopsHecBOH'B SHa^eHis 
pe4)opHaaiH? KaxoiEBBH dy^tyxi apo oxpnij^axb BcaByH) noJiB3y ea, 
a apoxecxaHxa cxaayxi san^Hii^axb BejiHKoe .iHa^eHie pe(])opMaiiiB 
Bt HCxopiH sanajtHo-eBponeflcKHX^ HapoAOBi.... Ocxaexca III) 
RpBxepifi TpeH;tej[eH6ypra mm xaK^ nasHBaeMaa UMManeHmnaH 
spHXHEa. B-h axoM'E rjyqa'6 nsKCBiHBaioxii, BaKyH) aaja^y cxa- 
6HJIX ce6i caMT) ^njioco^iy B^ CBOHX'b Hscji'ikAOBaBiax'b, a saxiai'B 
onpeA^^aioxi, HacKOJbRO KaaRjtufl ijffujioeo^'h BunojHHJi'b axy cboh) 
sajany. TasoS KpHxepiS Kamexca Han'B Haadojii^e npHro;](HLiMii 
X cnpaBe;(.iHBbiM'B. Ji,M BOHxpojifl u npoBtpBH xopomo o6paa;axb 
oco6eHHoe BHHHaBie na nojieiiHRy qpoxebbhrobii. Bcasoe saiit* 
^axejibHoe npoHSBeAeaie BusuBaexx noJieMMKy. A uojieiiHSBpo- 
Baxb BaHHfiaiox'b jnnib xor^a, Kor^a san^^afoxii y apoxBBHHBa 
0iiiH6Ky, HJiB HeAonexi, hjib BHyxpeHsee npoxHBop'i^qie. dxBMH 
nojieMHqecBHMH yBasaHJaMn sa^a^a ncxopHBa bx HtKOxopuxi 
CjyqaflX'B ynpooiaexca n odjierqaexca. IIpii oi^']^hk'& Kasoil-4H6o 
4)nj[oco4)CKOfi AOBxpnHH Bi> BH;tax'b 6oj[bniaro tfesnpBCxpacxia ne- 
o6xo;tHMO no;ib30BaxbCfl qi)aeHumeAhH0-KpumuHecKUM6 Mexo^OMi 
(jieBuifl III). Mli cpaBHUBaeMi (|)HJioco(f)a, bo nepBuxT, ci mh- 
cjiHTejiJiMH, eMy coBpeMeHHEiKii, H xaBBM^ oCpasoMx ycxanaBJiH- 
saeici ero oxnocHxe.ibHyK) BCJiuHiiHy, x. e. eacBOJiLKo ohi npe- 



— 42 




f 



BOcxo;^HJI'L CBOHXi coBpeMeHHHKOBT.. SaT^Mt, hto6h onpeA'tJiHTB^ 
TaKi cKasaTB, a6coJiioTHoe BHaneHie RaKoro-j[H6o Hosaro <|)a.!io- 
co$a, MH cpasBHBaeM'B ero yneHie ex yqenieMx rpeqecKHxs 
4>hjioco(])OB'b; Tor;ia mu bh;(iim'&, jiajieRO jh odx ymeji'L otx hhxs. 
B'6;^b y rpesoBi nu^jmicb ya^e Bci cyn;ecTByH)niiH eur^ ynemsL, 

XOTfl HtKOTOpUfl H Kb Sa^aiOHBOlCB COCTOAhIh. BCfl HOeafl (j^H- 

jioco^ifl ncnuxajia^ eanp., Bejia^afimee BJiiflnie co CTopoHH ApH- 
CTOxeJifl: 6e3i Hero ne 6uJiO 6u AorMaTBRH, naxpHCTHSH, cxo- 
lacTHBB. TaBBMx oCpasoMx ;i[Jifl BCflBOfi ;]ioBTpHH£i MH nojiyqa- 
euf» reHeTH^ecKoe o6'bflCHeHie. Mii MO/Reii'B npocjiijuiTb boshhb- 
HOBeeie h pasBHTie BC^Earo noHflTia, mu MOHieMi HsodpasBTb 

„HCTOpiK) nOHflTifi". nOCpeACTBOMl CpaBHCHifl Me IIU MOJReM'S 

noAM^THTL OAHOCTopoHHocTB Bx jifkjii »4)H;ioco(j)iH, npoaBJaiomy- 
K)ca BHorja y HiKOTopaxx HapoAOBi: bx npo/ioJiateHie i^ijiux-B 
b'Ikob'b o]LnE'b HapoAi saBBMaexcfl HSJiiodjieHBOK) ^vutoco^CKOK) 
^HCiinnjHHols (Basi aarjinqaHe— MopajibH)). 

HaKOHei](i> ^m^^pmb/^f?, TO/Ke BaTRHHMi RpHxepieMx 6y- 
xexi name coficxBeHBoe MH'lHie. IIpH bcabom'b o6cy^;i;eBiH mei 
Bi SHa^HxejiBHoK cxeneHH pyKOBo;icxByeMCB coficxBenHLiM'L BRy- 
coMi, X. e. x'^M'L, HpaBHxcfl Jin HaM7> HSB'IbcxHoe nojio^Renie. 3xa 
cy6ieBXHBHafl xo^Ra sp'l^Bifl ee Bcerjia B'^^paa, ho HeH36i»cHa. Eh) 
o6iflCHBexcA xoxi cxpaHHHfi, noBHjtHMOMy, (|)aRxx, Hxo HHor^a 
n ;t0Ra7ReniB, a ne Y6^jiiimh. Oxbocbxbca ri* ^Bjioco^i^ fiesx 
BCJiBaro HyBCXBa, cb oahhmi pasynoMi — rpaneqEJio 6u ct» noj- 
HUMi 6e3pa3JiH<iieMi: x. e. mu xorj^a ee uumepecoeaAuch 6u 4)bjio- 
co^ieio. ^yBCXBO npHjiaexi Bsy^eHiio 4)Biioco4)iH oco6Eifi jiHHBufi, 
HHAnBHAyajibHufl HHxepecB. 



RpoM']^ o6fl3aTej[bHEixx h nyojiB^uux'B KypcoBx, TeSxMioji- 
jepx HExajn BX yHHBepcHxexi ac no BenepaMx (7 — 8) h cne- 
i^iajiBHue, HeotfflsaxejibHue Rypcu — ;iJifl cjiymaxejieS, 6jiH3Re sexe- 
pecyion^HXCfl 4)njioco<j[)ieK). Ha bxexi .leKi^iflxx CuBajio eapoj^y 



— 43 — 

MeHbiue, HO BcexaRH oousHOBeHDo He Meiibuie hq.iob^ki> 15--20- 
TaKie Rypcu o6uKHOBeHHO nocBjin^aJiiHCb TiiM^ BonpocaM'B h ji.ec- 
EtHnJEHaicB, ROTopne bx ^aHHufi MOMenTx HRxepecoBajiH canoro 
TefixMioMepa, h o kotophxi ohx noAroTOBJiajn» coqunenie. Ta- 
sBMi ofipasoMi fl cjyuiaiEi bx hhcji'6 stexx KypcoBx Mes^y 
npoHHMx „(|)HJioco$iH) xpHCTiaHCTBa" {c« pa36opoMh u Kpumu- 
Km EeameMUt) h „$eJioco(|)iK) ncTopin". 

Tpexia pa3pfl;^'B jieKuift TeflxMiojiJiepa cocToajx bx ero 
npaRTHHecKHX'B sanaTiaxi — y ce6a Ha ;^OMy, oCuKHOBeHHO no tck- 
ciaMx ApecTOiejia (Hnor;ia IIjiaTOHa), a HMenno, caMBixx Tpy^Hifi- 
nuix^^i^CTx, Haap., „MeTa^H3HRH" h „$h3hrh", njin^riapMeHHAa.^ 
TefixMioJiJiepx cipero nojjiepsKHBaj'L TpeH;tejreH6yproBy xpawqiio 
H HH o;iHoro ceMecTpa ne ocxaBJiaji'L fieax Aristotelisches Practicum 
(axy xpaj^H^iK), rx cjrosy cRasaxt, h a jib^ho w chxx nopx no;^- 
;(epasHBa.ix sa Bce Bpema MoeS npcno;^aBaTe.ibHoB A'^axeJibHocxn). 
Jl|a;iie, Ror;ia axH npaRxn^ecRia sanaxia nocBaiAa^iHCb ApyrHMx 
ope^MeTaMx, nanp., (|)H;ioco(|)CROMy ROJuiORsiyMv, odpasoBUBajca 
HexBepxHB paspa^x (|)HjIOco(|)crhxx sanaxifi — no apncxoxejieBUM'B 
xeRcxaMx ;(jia Hanfioji'j^e noAroxoBJieHHiixx. IIpaRxnqecRia Banaxia 
BejHCh TeflxMH);iJiepoMT. na ;^0My oCaRnoBeHHO no cyGdoxaMx cb 
5 — 7. y^acxHERH axHxx BeqepoBx, HasipHoe, ne paax ex boc- 
XHn^enieM'B BcnoMnnafOxx oSx hhxi> n o nameMx yHHxeji'i, sa- 
c4;i;aBaieMx nocpe;tH nacx y xoro ate nepei^HsaHHaro cxoja 
vh saji ex CHrapoBo hjih ;^j[HnHOK) xpy6Rofi bx pyRaxx. Hanpa- 
xeEHua sanaxia CM'^Bajincb BHor^^a HenpBny;R;^eHHOK) decJ^AOio 
nocxopoHHHX'B npejtMexaxx, ocoCchho bx cepeAHni, Ro^;^a no- 
AaBaJca nafi hjib R0(|)e. BcaRifi Bejix ce6a HenpnHy;R;(eHHo^ bei- 
CRasuBajca Becb, 6e8x saAnnxx MHCJieS. 

KaRoe HyBcxBO Bcero ecxecxBeHnie BWBHBaexca bx nacx 
o6pa80M'B Hamero JiiodHMaro yiiepmaro yHBxe^ia? Coa^aji'i^uie oCx 
ero yxpaxi, coa^aj'^Hie o xomx, ?xo no.aB30Baj[ca ero ypoRaMH 
ropa8;^o MenLme BpeneHH, ^fkwh xox'J^Jiocb 6br. 3xo ^yBCXBO a 
aeoxHORpaxHO ncnbixuBaji'L, cxoa na cxapoMx H^Mei^ROMi RJia;^- 



44 



^mmjb Bi H)pi»eB'6 y MajeHBRofi MorH.iu, ho^tvl saKpuxoft ^epesB- 
flMH, HaAi> soTopofl Bo^pyxeH'B npocToB noj^poBaHHufi icpaifop- 
hh3 xpecTi — CB HesaTtfijiHBOK), HO MHorosHaMeHaTejBHOH) Ha;(' 
OHCBK): Gustav Teichmllller. 1832—1888. 



Hn;Re M£t npHBOABMii cohcob'b coHBBeHifi h cxaxeB P. Tefix- 
MiojiJiepa. SaH^TQMi, ^to MHoroe en^e ee HSAftHO n xpaHUTca 
vh pvKonHCH y jsfkte^ noKoBflaro. Biorpa(J)HTCCKifl oqepK^ ero 
cocraBjeH^ mobmi TOBapea^eMi. B. 0. JlwrnocAoecKUMz u nou'b' 
mcH-B Bi Jahresbericht Ober die Fortschritte der classischen Al- 
terthumswissenchaft begrttndet von Conrad Bursian herausge- 
geben von Iwan v. Mtlller, ord. Offentl. Prof, der classichen 
Philologie an der Universitat Erlangen. SiebenundfQnfzigster 
Band. Bibliotheca philologica classica 1889. — Biographisches 
Jahrbuch 1888.— Anzeigeblatt. Berlin. 1890 (Verlag von S. 
Calvary h C W. Unter den Linden 17). — Biographisches Jahr- 
buch. (Gustav TeichmUller) cxpan. 13 — 14. 

CnNCOHi> cpHNHeHiii n cTarei r. Telxmoiixepa. 

1) Die Aristotelische Eintheilung der Verfassungsformen. 
St. Petersburg, 1859. 

2) Die Einheit der Aristotelischen Eudamonie. St. Pe- 
tersburg, 1859. 

3) Zur Frage Qber die Reihenfolge der Bflcher in der 
Aristotelischen Politik (im Philologus 1860, 4, S. 164 ff.). 

4) Aristotelische Forschungen. Bd. I. BeitrSge zurErkla- 
rung der Po^tik des Aristoteles. Breslau 1867. 

5) Ueber die Differenz von Tragodie und Epos bei Ari- 
stoteles (in den Verb, deutsch. Phil, und Schulm. in Halle. 
October 1867 S. 48 «.) 

6) Aristotelische Forschungen. Bd. II. Aristoteles' Philo- 
sophic der Kunst. Breslau 1869. 

7) Aristotelische Forschungen. Bd. III. Geschichte des 
Begriffs der Parusie. Breslau 1873. 



46 



8) Die Unsterblichkeit der Seele. Leipzig 1 874 h IL A. 1679. 

9) Studien zur Geschichte derBegriffe, 667, IX S.Frank- 
furt a. M, 1874. 

10) Ungedruckte Briefe von Kant und Fichte (Z. f. Ph. 

u. ph. Kr. 1874.) 

11) Ueber den Ursprung des Terminus znaycoyri (im 
Philologus 1875 S. 567.) 

12. Die Platonische Frage, cine Streitschrift gegen ZpI- 
ler, Breslau 1876. 

13) Neue Studien zur Geschichte der Begriffe. 3 Bde. 
Breslau 1876—1879. 

14) Der Begriff des Raumes bei Lucrez (Rhein. Mus. 
1877. S. 309 ff.). 

15) Frauenemancipation. Leipzig 1877. 

16) Darwinismus und Philosophie. Leipzig 1877. 

17) Wahrheitsgetreuer Bericht tlber meine Reise in den 
Himmel, von Immanuel Kant. Breslau 1877. 

18) Die Gemaldeausstellung in Dorpat: Ueber Landschafts- 
malerei. Neue Dorptsche Zeitung, Januar 1878. 

19) Zur Padagogik der Elomentarschulen. Baltische Mo- 
natsschrift 1878. 

20) Padagogische Fragen. Baltische Monatsschrift. 1879. 

21) Charakteristik der Araber. Baltische Monatsschrift 
1879. 

22) Die Reihenfolge der Platonischen Dialoge. Leip- 
zig 1879. 

23) Das Wesen der Liube. Leipzig. 1880. 

24) Padagogisches. Leipzig 1881. 

25) Ueber £:rravaj)^cjyr und frrayojKrj, e .Tavago^'pftv und 
inKpiQBiy. Philologus 1881. 

26) Literarische Fehden im IV. Jahrh. v. Chr. Bres- 
lau 1881. 

27) Zur Erwiderung (auf eine aponyme Recension der 
L. F.) Philol. Rundschau, IL Jahrg. 1882 S. 958. 



— 47 — 

28) Diewirkliche und die scheinbare Welt. Neue Grund- 
legung der Metaphysik. Breslau 1882. 

29) Ueber den Ursprung des Bewusstseins (Z. f. Ph. u. 
Kr. 1883). 

30) Literarische Fehden im IV. Jahrh. v. Chr. II. Bd. 
Breslau 1884. 

31) Religionsphilosophie. Breslau 1886. 

PeueHsiN h Selbstanzeigen. 

32) Thilo. Die theologisirende Rechts«und Staatslehre. 
G6tt. gel. Anz. 1862. S. 131. 

33) Trendelenburg. Naturrecht. Gott. gel. Anz. 1863. 

34) Piderit. Gehirn und Geist. Gott. gel. Anz. 1864. 
S. 1154. 

35) Hannc. Bekenntnisse oder drei Bilcher vom Glau- 
ben. Allg. kirchl. Zeitschrift, 1865. S. 143. 

36) Taine. Les philosophes frangais. G5tt. gel. Anz. 1866. 
S. 401. 

37) Teichmtlller. Aristotelische Forschungen, I. Selbstan- 
zeige. Gott. gel. Anz. 1866. S. 1935. 

38) Eucken. De dicendi ratione. GStt. gel. Anz. 1866. 
S. 2027. 

39) Trendelenburg. Historische Beitrftge, III. G6tt gel. 
Anz. 1869. S. 1841. 

40) Teichmtlller. Geschichte des Begriflfs der Parusie. 
Gott. gel. Anz. 1872. S. 2049. 

41) Teichmtlller. Studien zur Geschichte der Begriflfe. 
Gott gel. Anz. 1874. S. 1157. 

42) Harms. Begriff der Psychologic. Gott. gel. Anz. 
1875. S. 402. 

43) Ritter und Preller. Historia philosophiae graec. et 
reman. Gott. gel. Anz. 1875. S. 1185. 

44) Bywater. Heraclit. GOtt. gel. Anz. 1877. S. 825. 



— 48 — 

45) TeichmQller. Ueber die Reihenfolge der Platon. Dia- 
logs GOtt. gel. Anz. 1879. S. 1313. 

46) Tocco. Ricerche Platoniche. Gfitt. gel. Anz. 1880. 
Si 257. 

47) Tannery. Thales et ses emprunts a TEgypte. Gott. 
gel. Anz. 1880. S. 1063. 

48) Porter. Physiological Metaphysics. G5tt. gel. Anz. 
1880. S. 1139. 

49) Ritter. Dr. B. Die Grundprincipien der Aristoteli- 
schen Seelenlehre. Phil. Rundsch, 1880. S. 98. 

50) Mettig. Katharina von Siebenbttrgen. Lit. Centr. 
Mai 1880. 

51) Sill^n. Platonis de antiquissima philosophia testimo- 
nia. Phil. Rundschau 1882. S. 45. 

52) Friesendorff. Grundriss der Unterrichtslehre. Rigasche 
Zeitung, April 1883. 

53) Lutoslawski. Erhaltung und Untergang der Staats- 
verfassungen nach Plato, Aristoteles und Machiavelli. Lit. Centr. 
1888. April. 

nocM9pTHbie TpyAbl. 

54) Neue Grundlegung der Psychologic und Logik, heraus- 
gegeben von J. Ohse. Breslau. 1889. 

55) „TpaKTaTT. o Bori h Mipt" — HaneqaTaHi bi „npH- 
jEoateHiflxi" kx coHBHeuiK) H. 6. Oce: „ npoeKTHBHCMx h nepco- 
HaJHCMi> Bx MeTaif^HSHK* Jlonme*. 1896, cip. 462 — 467. 



Biorpaij^HqecKia o^epBT> F. TefixMK)JiJiepa 6ujn> mhor) no- 
MimcHt: a) Birasert „PyccKia B'fc;ioMOCTH" 3al888 r. .jVs 137 
OTX 20 Maa (HeKpojon>), b) b-b Moefi KHnri „0 noHATiH HCKyc- 
CTBa," CTp. 16 — 23, H c) bx Ka^ecTB* nocrfecjiOBifl-npHOaBjeHia 
Ki pcAaKTHpoBaHHOMy MHOK) flepcBO^iy coHHHeHia TeflxMiojrjrepa 
^BescMepxie jiyraa", crp. 198 — 200. 




npo0. EsremA Eo6poB7>. 



4>i9iii@i#ia iib Pi©i 




MATEPIAJIbl, 




BIHU 1 M1%T11. 



Hs^aHle BTopoe, HcnpasjieHHoe. 



K A 8 A H b. 

TRno'jiRTorpa<|>ia HMnBPATopcKAro VHaBepcRTera. 

19 0. 



Ile^aTaHo no onpeA^JieHiH) HCTopHEO-^HJiojiorH^ecEaro 4[)aEyjiLTeTa Ik- 
nepaTopcEaro EasancEaro YEHBepcHTeTa.. 

AesaHi A, CMupHosh, 



}Kn3Bb z ipYflH A. A. KosjiOBa. 



AjieKci^fi AjeEcaHApoBEqi Eosjiobi poAHjrcfl 9 AHBapfl 

1831 TOJIB, B% MoCRB'i H BUpOCX Cpe^H O^eBL CEyXHOfl o6cTa- 

HOBKH. BocnniaHie ero 6ujio npesBu^afiHO h Hpesifipno cypoBoe. 
{j% paHHflro jj^iTCTBa ohx OTjruqajiCfl 6oJiBmofi JiK)6o3HaTej[BHOCTBH) 
B j^o CTpactH jie)6hj['b ^leeie. Bjiaro;^apfl OTJisHHofi naMATH, ohx 
jerKo sanoMHHajEii npo^HiaHHoe. Cx 1843 r. Eosjobx CTaJix 
yiRTLCfl BX I-ofi MocEOBCRofi rHMHasis n cpasy saHfljii cpe^fl 
CBOHxii TOBapnn^efi BHAaiom^eecfl m'^cto. IIo OEOH?aHiH Eypca 
B'b rHMHasiH OHX ex 1850 — 56 r. j^EJica na CJiOBecHOMX ^aEyjiB- 
xeri MocEOBCEaro yHEBepcaieTa. Oco5eBHaro EHxepeca sx $hjio* 
co$iH OHi TO^;^a He oCnapyaHBajii, ^to HCMy^^peHo; Ch 1850 r. 
HMeHHO n 6hj[h ynpas^HeHu ^Hjioco^CEifl saee^^pn bo Bcixi pyc- 
csHxi yHHBepcHTeTaxx (epom<£ ^epnTCxaro), a npenoAaBame jo- 
rHKH H dMnBpiiqecEoff ncHXOJioriH 6ujio nopyqeno sasoHoy^HTe- 

JflMX. TaEHMX 05pa30M'B B% aTO BpeMfl Bl MOCEOBCSOMX yH0- 

BepcHTeT'6 He 6ujlo cneAiajiHCTa-npenoAaBaTejrfl ^hjoco^Ih; axoMy 
^pe;^MeTy oCyHajit npoToiepefi II. M. Tepmecni^. Kosjiobx hh- 
Taji'B no CBoefi oxoi'i ^HJioco^csia BHnrn, Hanp., ^RpHTHEy hhc- 
laro pasyiia'' KaHia bo ^pani^yscsoii'B nepeBO^'S^ Tucco\ ho8to 
^TeHieTorxa He;^ajio($ojrBmBxi>pe8yjBTaTOBi. IIpio^p'iTmH cTeneHB 
EaHAHXATa, EosAOBX nocTynHj'E b'b Moceb'6 npenoxaBaTeJieM'B 



pyccsaro slzuesl h ciosecHOCTH rb EoHcmHTHHOBCsiff MeseBoft^ 
iHCTHTyn H wh aroft xoishocts npofiim 4 roxa. Kx TOicyr 
xe BpexeHH othochtcx haiuo ero jureparypHOft x^flxenHOCTH^ 
Ho OHi nHcajTB Torxa He no ^hjoco^ui, a no noiHTH^ecBoft 
9B0H0MiH. Eo8JOB«B roTOBHJCfl xase craTB yqeHHMx cneiiiajracTOM'& 
HMeHHO no 9Toft Hajfsi. Torxa ze om Buicri co cbohmx xpy- 
roHi Bac. Hsan. UaicpoecKUMi nepoBen na pyccsift flSHR's- 
nepBHfi TOMi C09. Boscher, Gnmdlagen der VolkswirthschafL. 
Bi dTOTB nepiox'B CBoefi zhshk owl osnaKOMEJca Ch co^h- 
HeHUMH mapu 0ffphey h oto Trenie npoHSsejo rjiyGosoe Bne- 
Hau'^Hie HaHOJOxoro qejOB^sa. ?to Bacaerca ero ^luoco^ciuixi 
ytfisxenift sa dTO Bpeiu, to ciixya ofin^eiiy TeneHiH) pyccxoft 
MHMH, A. A. EoaiOBi fiiMi Torxa nossTHBHcroirb ctB iiaTepia- 
jHCTHHecKOft OKpacxoK). Oco^eHHHMi aBTopHTeTOM^E nojB30Bajrca> 
Torxa B'E ero rjasax's X 0eii€p6ax6. Ci naiaia eO-xi roxoBi 
Bi Pocciv sypHaiHCTH (TB 7(^pM6mfe9C9m.w3 H UucapeshiMZ Ba 
rjaB'6 ycepxHO nponaranxHpoBajiH cpexHpyccKoft HHTejiJiHreHii[]H 
aHTponojorHCifB $eflep6axa h HaTepiaiHcm Efoa^nepa. Ri othmib 
BJiiflHiflifB npHCoexvHfljocB ^epesi sypHajracTHBy BJiiflnie an- 
rjiificBaro nosHTHBHCiia e dBO«)itioHHCMa. 

OcTaBHBmH BaseHHoe yHHrejBCTBO, A. A. Ko3job'b 6uib 
BOcnHTaTejreifB HyHHTejem bi pasjiHHHiix'B 6oraTiixi xoMax'B, a 
noTOMi o6paTHjrcfl vh npaBTH^ecBoft x^flTeneocTH, a HMeHHO, 
nepecejHJCfl OBOHnaTeiBHO vh xepeBHio h sanfljicfl cejiBCBEMi h 
jrbcEuu% xosflflCTBOMi. U TOJBBO TenepB OHi HaHHHaerB nocre- 
neHHO nepexoxHTB bi Tony fifbij, BOTopoe xoasencTBOBaJo no- 

rJIOTHTB BCH) erO OCTaJBHyH) SH8HB, T. e. B'B ^HJEOCO^in. 

^ojirie SHMHie Bewpa b'b xepeBH'i A. A. Eosjobi npoBo* 
XHJK'B 8a pa8HOo5pa8HiiM'B ^TemeMx. Meacxy npo^HMx uy^aftna^ 
nonajia eny bi pyBH BHHra 0payHmmedma „Briefe liber die 
Schopenhanersche Philosophie*'. ^eeie btoS yBJieBmeft ero 
BHHrH CTajo AM KosjOBa Ha^aiOMi cnei^iajiBHO ^hjloco^cbhx^ 
miyxift. Ohi cb BOCToproM'B nsy^aeT^ monenrayepa e CTanOf^ 



— 5 



-BQTca ^neccHMBCTOMx*'. ^OJiroe Bpena owl Hocnjicfl Cb MUC4iH> 
nepesecTH na pyccRifi aseiki rjiasHoe coHHHenie IIIoneHrayepa 
^Mipx, saxi BOJifl H npexcTaBJieHie'', ho 8to no i^eHsypHUM'B 
ycJEOBiflMX 6EIJI0 HeBOSMosHo. Tor^a ohi yAOBOJiBCTBOBajicfl 06- 
pa^OTEOfo coHHHeHifl PaprnMana „$njioco$ifl6e8C03HaTej[BHaro^, 
soTopoe OHX HacTBK) nepesejLX, qacTBK) nsjioacHJi'B. Bia nepe- 
7a6oTKa FapTMaHa noflBHJiacB bi Moceb'6 bx 2-x'b TOiiaxi bi 
1873 — 75 rr. no^x sarjiaBieMi „CymHOCTB MipoBoro npoi^ecca 
HjiH ^ujioco^in 6e3C03HaTej[BHaro*^. 

OcBo6o;^HBfflHCB, 6jiaro;^apa HsyieniK) IIIoneHrayepa, ot^ 
nosHTHBHCMa, H BE?,si BB ^HJioco^in HayKy BOSMoxHyK) n ca- 
jiocTOflTejiBHyK), Eo3JOBi> o6paTHJiCfl m> ea nsy^eniH) c:b Toioxe 
^e33aB'|}TH0K) CTpacTBK), EaEOH) H paHBme OHx Bcer^a oiJinqajicfl 
bo BC'ix'B CBOHxx 3aHflTiflxx. n^io^aMH ero MunueHifl abbjihcb, 
Bpoifb AByxi JsypnaJiBHHX'B cxaiefi (bb ^SHaniH^): „RpHTHsa 
„ncTopHqecEHX'B nnceifB^ MepTOBa {II. JL. laepoea) b „Bjia;(HMHpi 
CojiOBbeBB, EaEx 4)HJioco$B^, (no noBO^y ero SHnrn ^EpHsncx 
Banaj^HOfi ^njioco^iH^), vji^i ohi ysasuBaeri CoJiOBBeey na cifb- 
.menie noHflxifi pejinriB, 6orocJiOBifl h (j^njioco^ie,— opnrnHajiB- 
Hoe co^Hoenie „$HJioco$CEie 9th)ah", t. I, KieBX 1876, bxeo- 
TopOMB Kosjiobx flBJifleTCfl pimHTeJiBHUMB san^HTHHEOMi npaBB 
^Hjoco^in. HcxoAfl hsi ^aExa coMr^Hifl bx tomx, hto ^bjio- 
co4>ifl oCjiaj^aeTx onpeA'i^eHHBiMn 3aAa'iaMH n MeioAOK) n npu- 
HOCBT'B saEyH) 6ei TO HE 6ejjio noJEBsy, RosJOBi saAaeTCfl i^'Ijibh) 
HBCJi'iAOBaTB npe;^MeTi> ^^BJioco^in, ea neTO^y, nanpaBJEenifl, ea. 
BHaneme bx qejioB'£?ecEOfi museh b Hasonei^x ea OTHomeHia sx 
npo^BMx HayEaMi. 3th Bonpocu aojishbi 6iijib 5£itb p'^menu 
^HAyETBBHO Ha ocHOBaHiH o6o6n;eHia T'ixx AaHHuxx, EaEia npe;^- 
i^TasJaeTB ncTopia ^hjioco^Ib. £1 nepBOMx OT^^'iju'b dxoro Tona 
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sx sasjiio^eHiK), hto npeAMOTx ^^bjoco^Ib ecTB nonaiie nipa, 
jcaEi u^i^jiaro, nipa, BaEii CBCTOMBr Ben^efi. Biopofi OTjifbji'h xpaETyeTX 



^Hjroco^^CROMx MeTo;^']^ h pasjiH^Huxx HanpaBjeHiflxi b% ^hjio- 
co^in, Ha^HHafl ex Oajieca H^^oCoBpaia. Bi npe^HCJiOBiH Ros- 
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noJioseHiflX'E: 1) $HJioco^ifl ex caiiaro na^aja h Bcer^a HM^Jia 
CBofi oco6eHHiifi npe^^MeTX, BOTopufi ne MOseTi> h He AOJiseex 
6uTB cifiinHBaeMX ex npe^^MexaMH xpyrnxx nayRx. 2) Ecjih ^h- 
Jioco^ifl 3a BpeMfl CBoeS ncTopin o6jia;^aj[a ocoCeHHUM'L npe^iie- 

TOMX, TO, paSyBf^eXCfl, 6ujl'h y HCA H COOTB<£TCTBeHH£[fi MeTOAX. 
niSo, XOTfl 4^BJI[OCO$CBi8 MeTOAX H BO MHOrOMX OTJHHaeXCfl OTX 

iieTOAOBx npo^Bxx nayBx, ho He HaciojiLBO, htoGu ne Hif^TB ex 
HHMH HH^ero o6n;aro, n Jiiase HM'i&eTx mhofo BaaiHiixx o6n;HXX 
^epix. ^aji'j^e pasjiaqie coAepsiaHifl CBcieifx h nopoH) js,B,7Re nxx 
cyu^ecTBeHHUfl npoTHBop']^?ifl saBncflxx ne otx npoHseoJia bx npn- 
li'i&HeHin Mexo^^a, a otx BOSMoacHOCXH pasjiHHHEixx HanpaBJienifi 
H TOHOBX sp^Hifl Ha Hpe^MeTx 4^HJ[OCO^CBaro nosHanifl. 3) $h- 
jioco(ffia HM'beTx CoJEmoe npasTHHecBoe SHaneHie h Bcer^a 6y;[eTx 
HM^Tb ero, noTOMy hto ona y^^OBjieTBopaeTX Tofi noTpefinocTH 
^ejOB'j^Ra, ROTopafl He MoaeeTx 6wih h bx upaGjuHSHTejiBHofi CTe* 
neHH y^OBjieTBopeHa RaROK)-jn6o ;(pyrofi nayROK). 4) $hjioco- 
$ifl ecTb HayRa, noToiiy ^to ona HM^eTX Bci xapaRTepncTH'iHHe 
npHsnaRH nayRS BOo6ii^e, a no CBoeMy npe;^MeTy ona — caMa2 
Tpy^Haa h HaHBucniafl nayRa. 

9to co^HHenie KosjOBa o6paTHJ[o na ce6fl BHHiiaHie ^HTaio- 
n^efi ny(5j[nRH cbjoh) ^ciajieRTHRH h ropfl?eH) y6'6ac;(eHH0CTBK) Tona. 
HeMx CTBJiH roBopnTB yse RaRx o cnei^iajTHCT^, 4^hj[oco4>cromx 
aBTop'i. 9to h no;^aj[o mhcjib h<£rotopbimx hsx ero ynHBepcHTOT- 
CRHXX ;i;py3efi nonsiTaTBCfl npHCTpoHTB Ko3jroBa npn ynnBepcH- 
TeT-i; xaRX ero (JjiHSRitt ja[pyrx A. A. EomAHpeecKiHy npo$. cja- 
BflHOB^j^'^Hifl npn KieBCROMX yHHBepcHTeT']^^ npurjianiajix ero 
HSB'iAaTB CBoe cqacTBe bx KieB<£. 

„$HJIOCO$CRie ^TH);^EI" fiilJH BX KieBCROMX ' yHHBepcETeT* 

ny6jifl^H0 san^H^eHu bx Ra^ecTB']^ j^nccepTai^iH pro venia legendi; 



— 7 



sax^Mx EosjiOB'B npo^ejx TpedyioED^iflCfl ycraBOMi npo6Hi2fl jies- 
aIh, o^^Ha nsi soTopuxi 6huidL Hane^aiaHa noA'B sarjasieMx „^6a 
ocHOBHuxx nojomeHifl ^Hjnoco^is lUoneHrayepa^. Bosjobx pas- 
BEBajii sjs,ich Ty mhcjeb, hto IIIoneHrayepi o^Jiaxajn hojihoid h 
sasoH^eHHOfi CHCxeMOK), cyiaHOCTB soTopofi saxjiio^aeTCJi vb pas- 
bhtIh AByxx nojioseHifi, npaM<£HfleM£ix:B EinpHpo^'i, HCByccTsy 
H HpaBCTBeHHOCTH: 1) nioneHrayepx bm'6ct% cb KaHTOMx Baxjio- 
^aerx, hto, ecjin othatb Msicjiflii^ifi cyCxexTi^ t. e. HOCHTejifl 

llipa, TO BeCB HyBCTBeHHHfi H 06'£eKTHBHElfi Miprb CO BCiMH COJIH- 

i](aMH H njraHeTaMH eciB ho 6ojL'be^ EaBi> Hame npejoiCxaBJieHie; 
2) HesaBHCHMO OTX BaHTa, IIIoneHrayepx BErpa^OTaJii nojio- 
senie, qio nipx ecTB bojia, h npexoMx bojia e^HHafl h Heo6y- 
cjiOBJieHBaa. 

TaBHMi> o6pa30Mx bx 1876 tojiy Eosjiobx 6ujL'h Aonyn^enx 
Bi KanecTB-i ^pflBaT'B-;^o^eHTa kx npeno;i;aBaHiH) ^hjioco^ih npa 
EieBCBOMx yHnBepcHTeT'6. Eny 6hjih npe;^ocTaBJieHH o6fl3aTej[BHue 
Bypcu JiOFBEH H HCTopin 4>Bj[oco^iH. Taxie jse upeAMeTEi qnia^ix 
EoBjroBx Ha otbphthxx npe yHHBepcHTeT'6 aseHCKHX's Bucmflxx 
Bypcaxi. 

Ero noflBjenie na $BrJoco$CKoft xaoe^^pi He nponijro nesa- 
M^qeHHHMi. Ha Hero o^HOBpeMeHHO nanaJiH ne^aTHO ;i;Ba hobh- 
THBHCTa, ero KOjjera no yEHBepcHTeiy, IlaB. Hb. AAaudcKiiiy j^apo- 
bhthS <|)HJioj[or'B, H npo$. ^njioco^m npn H'i^asHHCBOMx Hhcth- 
Tjrk jBT. Jl. rpovm^ o6a pano nornCinie WJi oxe^ecTBenHOfi HayKn. 
AjiaH;i;cBi& xox'&jix noxasaxB, ?xo Sj^vmodo^isL ho ecxB Hayxa, n 
^xo ee M02KH0 saM'bHSrxB ;ipyrHMH, cnei^iaJiBHiiMH HayxaMH. Ho 
EosjoBx ^(oxasaji'B eny bx CBoenx oxb%x'6, ?xo ohi Bejix bch) 
CBOK) nojieMHxy npoxuBx ^HJioco({^iH HMenHO ex xohxh sp'^nifl 
^Hjoco^^in 2se^ a ne ox;^']kjiBHE[XT> nayxx, hxo no^^x pasjE^HUMH 
Heonpe^j^i^jieHHHMH BHpaseeHiflMH, xaxxo: ^Hayxa^, „CHCxeMa 
Hayxx", „CBa3B xeopifi cnei^iajiBHtixx nayxx" h x. k. ohx no;i;- 
pasyMiBaexx, co6cxBeHHO roBopa, xy ;^4flxeJIBH0CXB ;i;yxa, xoxopaa 
HMeHHO o6pa3yexx ^HJioco(j[)iK). A6cxpaxxHoe noHflxie nayxH^ 



— 8 — 

BaR^b TaBOBofi, Hc 8aBJiH)HaeT'B Bi ce6i HHBaBoro onpe;^'6jieHHaro 
npe^^CTaBJieHifl o ^^opnyjispoBaHHOML yneHiH. A ecjin BaBoe*JiH($o 
onpe^^'ijEeHHoe co^^epasaHie jifkicTBEiejihEO He npHHaA-KexnTx hh- 
BaBofi OTA'&iBHofi HayB*]^, TO OHO 6y;^eTx He „HayBOH) sootfu^e'', 
a oco5eHHOH)y ^acTHOK) nayBOfi, BOiopaa n hochtb nasBanie ^n- 

JIOCO^iH. 

Co^nnenie „$HJioco^ifl, saBi HayBa** cjysH'rE otb'6tomi 
ea Bci noaBHBffliaca pei^enaiH I ^. „9th);^obi". 

Cx T'ix^B nopx KosjiOBi Bce CBoe speMa nocBflTHJn ^^hio- 
co^iH. nj[o;(OMi> H CBH^^'j^TejiBCTBOMX ero saHfliifi ciysHJiH mho- 
ro^HCJieHHiifl o6niHpHiifl peuensin pasjiHHHux'b H'6iieii[Bnx'B e 
4>paHi^y3CBHX'B coHHHeHifi, noflBJiflBmiflCfl bx gynHBepcnTCTCBEXi 
HsBicTiaxi" (o BHHraxx JlaccBHi^a, TepHHra, Kpayca, Penana 
H T. ;^.). Bx 1879 ro;^y, t. e. 48 Jiixx oti po^^y Kosjiobx cj^ajii 
HarHCTepcRifi aBsaMenx y Foroi^Baro. 

Eu^e o^^HOMy noflBHBmeMycfl bx 8to BpeMfl co^HHeHiH) Ros- 
JiOBa cya&;i;eHO 6ujio npHBjre?L na ce(5fl acHBoe BHHManie o6iAe- 
CTBa n MOJiOAeasn. Mu pasyM'ieMX 6eictpo pacBynjeHHyio h hhh^ 
oneHB pt^ByH) BHHry „$HJ!ioco$ia ^iflCTBHTejiLHOCTH", nocBamen- 
HyK) BpHTH^ecBOMy ofiaopy h oficysAeniK) ^hjoco^cboA chctomh 
SHaMCHHTaro EBrenia J^iopuma. 

„$Hjioco(|)ia ;^48cTBHTeJIBH0CTH" saBJiioTOeTx bx ce6'b 4 
^acTH, H3X BOTopHxx TpH H3o6pa»aH)Tx yHCHie ^lopHHra, a qei- 
Bepxaa co;^epatHTX ^BpHXH^ecBia saMiHania". I ^acTB onpe;i(i- 
JiaeTx „ocHOBHHa <|)opMH 6HTia no^iopHHry", BTopaa TpaBTyen 
o6x „ocHOBHBixx npHHi^HHaxx ero ynenia o npspoA^"; bx III 
nacTH CAi-ianx cboax ero ^ynenia o qejiOBiRf , a sMeHHo: 1) 
dJieMeHTu cosHania, 2) HpaBcxBeHHOCTB, npano h ycoBepmencT- 
BOBanie ^ejiOB'^Ba, 3) odn^eciBeHHufi 6£[tx h nciopia, 4) hobbi- 
menie i^'^hhocth ^hshh h 5) o(5ii;aa xapaBTepncTHBa coi^iaJH- 
BOBaHHofi ofimecTBeHHofi atHBHH. „KpHTHHecBia aaM^TOHia*' co- 
;tepataTx: § 1 — jie^euH xapaBxepx ^lopHnra h BHCxaBJieHHHfi 
HMx npHHi^Hnx, no BOTopoMy ^HJioco^^ifl aBjaexca BupaseflieMi 



BpaBCTBeHHaro HacipoeHifl, § 2— saiciqamfl Ba ero rHOceo-ioriio, 
jieTa4>B3iiKy n (])HJioco^iH) npHpoAU, § 3 — spHTnsy bthrh, co- 
QiojioriH H ApyrHxi> qacxefi ^lopHHroBOft cncTeMu n § 4— o6ii;ee 
<ijx]i,eBie 4>B'30co^iH ^iopuHra. Bra cncxeMa si i^']^jiomx, no 
HH^HiK) RosjiOBa, Hey^^OBjeTBopniejiBHa, noTOiiy hto efi He^^ocia- 
eT:B rjiaBHaro npesHasa CBcreifH, a HMeHHO — e^HHaro npHHi^Hna. 
QiA^jihEusi nacTH efl CBflsaHu He eAHHEiMX npnHi^HnoMi^ a tojibbo 
eAHHCTBOMi cy6ieBTHBHaro nacTpoeHia caiioro ^lopnHra. 3tbmx 

TO H 06'BflCBfleTCfl OCflOBHOfi 6X1 rp'feX'B: HaCTH CHCTeMU, ROTOpUfl 

o6iiBHOBeHHO B£iBo;(flTCJi Bsi ocHOBx cfl, y AK)pBHra nojiyqaioTx 
HaA'B nocjiijijEiii'iiE nepeB^CB. I],eBTp'b tascctb xeoiiiTb y aero 
He B!B TeopiB nosBaBifl h Be bx iieTa^HSHBi, Aame Be bx aiBEt, 
EOTopnfl Bce ^e 6jiEm.e k% hbm'e, a bx yueuiu o6h o6ti^ecmerb, 
KOTopoe caMo co6cTBeHBO j^oji;sBO ocBOBUBaTBCfl na dinB'i. 3totx 
Be^tocxaTOR'b e^BBCTBa CBCTeiiu AiopaBri se cyM'6jii> npnBpiiTb 
BasHUMH OTBpuTiflMH B opBFBBajiLBHMB BOBi];eni];iflMH. Cneiijia^B- 
Boe sHaneBie TeopeiBqecBOfi A'^BTeJiBHOCTB JI^iopBBra JieacBTi> bx 
nonsTB'b npe^CTaBBTB coi^iajiBCMi bx Ba^ecTB^ nojiBaro b e^B- 
naro MipoBOSsp^Bifl, ocnoBUBaion^arocfl, Cb ojmoi CTopoBH, Ba 
jiaflBBixi coBpeMeBBHxi nojEOXBTejBBHX'B BayBi, a cb Apyrofi 
<;Topoflu,— Ba pesyjiBTaiax'B BBiB'^mBaro ^BJioco^CKaro uum- 
iieHifl. 

EoBJioBy npe^^JiarajLB npe^^cxaBBiB axy BBiepeCByK) EBsry 
vh (|)aRyjiBTeTX b!b Ba^ecTB^ MarncTepcBofi ^HCcepTai^iB, bo aj& 
^TOfi u^ijin owh BanBcaJEi ocodyio BBsry, a BMesBO, BTopofi tomx 

»$HJOCO$CKHX'B 3tR)WBI", BX EOTOpOMl OBl saBBMacTca „MeTO- 

AOMi> B 4^BJioco4)ieK) IIjiaTOBa^ b bpbxoabtx ei cj['6;(yK)B^flMX 
pesyjBTaTaiix: I) o MeiOA'i^ QjiaxoBa. B% nocipoeHiB ^vljioco^' 
CKdLTO noBBaBifl IIjiaTOBi ynoTpe6Bji['B, EaEi JorBHecEie MeTOAU 
BooSn^e (HBAyEiijilo, aBajEoriH), onpe;ttj[eBie, EjaccB(|)flEai^iK)), laEi 
H Bi oco6eBBOCTM — rEBOTesy. FjiaBBKiMx opyAieMX BpB nocxpo- 

€BiB CBCXOMU CJLJ7&EJiT> IIjiaXOBy JLOFBHeCEifi BaEOBX BpOXBBO- 

pi^iifl. Obi 6ujli> BOCJi'^^^Beio BBCxaBi^iefi bx Bospoci o6i bc- 



— 10 — 

THH'6 ^^HJioco^^cKaro SHaeifl, KOTopoe MOsei'L ocyn^ecTBHTLCfl TOJTBKa 
31 CHCTeni, a5cojiH)THO saROHHeHHofi. Heo6xo;(HMiiM'L ycJiosieMi 
Bupa6oTRH ({^HJ[oco(|)CROfi THnoTesu H Aia^eRTHHecRoff 6opl6ei 
XpyrnMH encTeMaiiH IIjaTOHi CTaeHxi „3poci>^ bi> ero BHcmeftl 
^opBii, RaRX BJieneHie ri a6cojiH)THofi RpacoT'fi, hcthh^ h bhc- 
meMy jio6pj. II) nanpaBJEeHin IIjiaTOHOBoff if^mjiocoi^m: ^hljlo-I 
co^ifl HiaTOHa ecTB, — bo nepBHXi, HaHBHufi peajEncMx {iil6o\ 
IIjia'TOHx npHHHMaji'B nojHoe cooTBiTCTBie nosHania dBiTiio), — bo 
BTopuxi, pai^ioHajHCMX (noTOiiy ^to rjiaBHUMi ^^aRTopoM'B no- 
SHaHifl ABJtfleTCfl y Hero pasyM'B n ero jifbuTejihEOCih, MumjiefliejJ 
— Bi» TpeTbHXi, anpiopHCMi (h6o nosHaromift cyfiieRTX CTpoHTs 
nosBaeie co6cTBeHHHMn CHJiaifH), — bt> ^exeepTHXi, njiopajHCMS 
(noTOMy HTO cyii^nxx npHHBMaeTCfl MHo;RecTBo), bx naTuxiJ 
cnHpnTyajHCMi (noTOMy ?to dxn cyn^ia HenpocTpaHCTBeHHU h 
HeMaTepiajiBHii), — b'b meCTSixi, dCxeTHHecRifi dB;teM0HHCMi>, ndoj 
nocj[']kAHflfl H^Jibj ec:aH ne iiipa, MaRpoROCifa, to, no RpafineS 
if^p^, nojiHaro ero npeACiaBHTejixi^ nejiOB'iRa, MHRpoRocica, eciu 
nojiHoe 6jia;ReHCTB0, cociofln^ee wh ofija^^aeia C0BepineHH']^flmeH>| 
RpacoTOtt, ncTHHoS H rapMOHieH). 

HaocHOBaHiH MarHCiepcROfi cxeneHH Robjobi bx 1881 ro;iyl 
6u]n> BuGpaHi bx mTaTHue ;i;oi^eHTa (|)HjfOco^iH. Bx cjilijiyio- 
meiix ro;iy ohi nojyqnji'B sarpaHH^Hyio yqenyK) KOMan^^HpoBKy 
]S,jia ;(aj[BH'£fimaro ycoBepmeHCTBOBaHifl bx ^hjoco^Ih h npoBeJi 
no^ro;i;a bx IlapHS'i, r^i Meac^y npo?HHx HHTaJi ;i;jrfl TaMomHefi 
pyccROfi rojiohIh Rypcx o ^vljioco^ie IIIoneHrayepa. Ror^a bh- 
rneatx bx OTciaBRy Foroi^Rid, to Rosjobx ocxajcfl e;i;HHCTfieHH£iM'B 
npe;i;cTaBHTejieMx ^^HJioco^iH npH yHHBepcHTeT'6 cb. BjiaABMHpa. 

Rx aTOMy BpeMeHH othocbtca Mem^y ;(pyrHMH padoTanH 
RpHTHRa RosJiOBa Ha Tpy^x nosHTHBHCxa npo^. M. M. Tpouu- 
Kaio ^HayRa o jiyxi". RpoMi Toro, no;!^ pe;^aR^ieK> RosjroBa 
noflBHJiCfl nepeBOA'B ^pani^yscRaro y^e6HnRa BCTopiH ^njioco^^in 
BeSepa. Bt 1884 ^o;^y BHniJia ;^ORTopcKaa jHCcepTar^ia RosJiOBa 



— 11 — 

noj^'B sarjaBieMi ^FeHesHCb Teopin npocTpaHCiea h BpeMenn j 
KaHTa" . 

^FeHesHCx Teopin" etc Cei-hi san^an^aeMi ea AHcnyT*]^ b-b 
neTep6yprcK0Mx yHHBepcHTeT* y Mux. Be. B^taducAoeAeea. 
y^eBan CTenesb AORTopa (jfEJLOCoiffia jiajia KosJioBy BOSMoaiHOCTb 
nojiy^BTb dKCTpaopAHHapHaro n bi* CKopoMi BpeMCHH op^BHap- 
aaro npo<|)eccopa. 

Ho cj[yaLe(5HU[fl noBuiuesifl Be n^ijivL aa RosjiOBa BJiiflHifl 
Bx cuucjii 0CJa6jieHiB deepriH ei nayHHOMy ipyjiy. HanpOTHBi 
BToS 8HepriH bx HeM'B Bce RaE^Bi en^e upa6uBdLJio. He jiOBOJih- 
CTByacB odiiqHOH) sypnajiBHoft AiaxeJibHocTLio, Eobjiobx nyBCx- 
ByerB noTpe6HOCTb co3AaTb opranx ^jib BEipaseniB cbohxi co6- 

CTBeBHEIXl BBfJIBAOBl BX ofijacTB yiiospHTejiBBofi ^HJiOCO^Va. 

TaEHM'B o6pa30Mi> EosjOBi coBepmaeTx nepButt naPycH onuTb 
?HCTO ^njioco(|)Cfiaro cneixiajiBBaro JKypea^a „$Hj[oco^CEiS Tpex- 

H'ICflHHHS'B ^ , EOTOpBlfi HanOJIHU.TCfl CaMBMl RoSJIOBBIM'B 6e3'B COTpyA* 

HHsoBb no BC^wh py6pBsaMii bdjiotb ;i;o xpoHBEn b oSosp'^Hifl 
sypsajiOB'B. Ba^EHifimifl h Jiy^mifl CTaxBH bx 9T0m:b sypHaJi']^ 
cyis: „PejiHrifl rpa$a JI. H. Tojicioro (aajiijiaBiiiafl mhofo myny, 
HQBi HM'J^ion^aflCfl ci AoaoJiHemBMH bo BTopoMi ns^taeiH ota'^jb- 
HOH) EHHrofi), ^$Hjioco$ia mhctheh" (K. Jl^ionpejia), ^Tap;!;^"^ 
nO MBoatecTBeHBOCTH cocTOflHifi cosHanifl", ^rnnHOTBCMi H ero 
SHa'ieflie jiJia ncBXOJroriH h MeTa<|)H3HEB^ n t. a. .S^ypnajix npio 
6piTajirB yme (npaB;(a, BeMHoro^HCJieHSBifi) Rpyri BipBux'B, be- 
TepecyK)i]^HXcfl HBTaxejEefi. Xotb ohx He dpbhoceji'b KosjioBy 
HHsaEOfi MaiepiajiBBoft butojuh, ho HeyxoMBMEifi ^hjioco^x bm'^jix 
T6ep;(oe HaM^Lpenie npoAOJi^RaTb BSAanie n AoSeBaxBCfl pacnpocx- 
paHenifl cpe^B pyccEaro o(5iAecxBa snaKOMCXBa cb ^BJioco^^ieio... . 
£1 cHJiy HenpeABBA^HHaro o6cxoflxejiBCXBa bc^^m'b njianaMx na- 
mero MUCJiBxeja cyjEjieno 6bijio ocxaxBca HeBUQOJiHeBHBiMB. 

Bx 1886 r. Kosjiobx 6ujn> pasfiaxx napaJiHHeMx. Xoxa ero- 
ximnjivL CO BC^MB flOBifimHMH Bay^BEiMn npieMaMB, ho ohx 
ociajicfl HeB3Jii&^HMBiMx napanJierBEOMX h jHiuHJicfl ynoxpe6jie- 



12 



flifl u^ijioH noJiOBHEu li^jia. K% cqacTLK) MosfB ee noTepniij 
OTi y^^apa, h uucjiHTejiBHafl CHJia, EaEi* h npo^ifl AyxOBHua cm 
co6hocth, He oejia6jiB. 3aT0 EosjiOBy npomjiocB buBth bi> oi 
CTaBEy Ha nenciH). Ci axoro iiOMeHTa Ha^HHaeTCfl yse tojbi 
(j[)HJ[oco$CKaji :kh8he EosjiOBa: TijiecEuH, BH'iniHifi ^ejos'&Bi 
njiOTB OTMepja, ocxajicfl jHmB BHyTpeHHitt ^ejiOB'i^R'B, ^^hjioco^i 
Jlyqmifl H BasB^H'^fimiji pa6oT£i Ro3J[OBa doabbjihcb nocj'i^ dTorj 
npoHcmecTBifl. 

Kx dTOMy se BpeMeHn othochtca OKOH^axejiBHafl B£ipa6oTi 
n flCHafl (|)opMyjiBpoBBa coficTeeEHBixx (|)njioco<|)CRHX'B Bossp^Hii 
EosjEOBa. y;(ajiHBinHCB oti Kaaia n moneerayepa, ohx CA^JiaK 
npBBepTReHi^eM^B Toff $BJ[0C0(|)iB, ROTopafl (5HJia ocHOBana J[e36^ 
HBi^eMx, n BOTopyH) EoBjrOBx nasEiBaeTx naMncz/a^t^c^fO-M^ (no iioeM] 
HasBaHiro — KpumuuecKiii undueudyaAUCMz) . Torj^a aie oni ocho* 
saTejBHO osHasoMEJicfl ex co^BHeHiflMH jrynmaro npe^cTaBHTeij 
8Toro HanpaBJienifl bx coBpeMeHHOff EBpon*]^, nosoflHaro npo4>ec« 
copa Jl^epnTCKaro ynHBepcHTeia FyciaBa TefixMiojrjiepa, a lawK^ 
CB coqeHeeiflMH TepMana Py^ojiB^a JIoi^Ae, (|)Hjioco$CEie Bsrjifljd 
BOToparo HM^ioTx H'iBOTopoe, X0T2B seoqeHB 6oj[Bmoe pO^CTBO CI 
ftepcouaAucMOMz TefixMiojiiepa. Cx nocju'b^^HHM'B Eosjiobx 03Ha< 
EOMHJicfl CHa?ajia, Easx ex hctopheomx ^viJioco^iu, BMeHHO c^ 
ero coHHHeHiflMH njaTOH'6 (Eor^ia Eosjobx saEaH^HBajix cod- 
^jTBCHHoe HscjiijOBaHie o HjaTOH*, cp. laMxatecTp. 138 — 141).j 
¥me saBepmHBinn BB[pa6oTEy CBoero MipoBosspi^Hia, Robjiobi 
osHaEOMHjicfl H cx CHCTeMofi TefixMiojiJiepa: EaRx Eobjobx neoAHO* 
EpaTHO saflBJTflJx n ycxHO, sr ne?aTHO, ohx cx 6jiaro;(apHOCTB] 
noyqHJica EOft-neMy y TeflxMEOJuepa. H Jlonme (Hanp., bx Teopiaj 
npocTpancTBa), h Teflxiirojuepx He ociajncB fiesx HiEOTopardj 
B.iiflHifl Ha EosJioBa. 

CBOHXx OTHomeHiflxx EX TeSxMiojiJiepy Eosjiobx roBO^ 
pHTX BX cTaxB-i: ^FycTaBx TefixMEOMepx", EOTopaa, ex cjiosyj 
^EasaiB, npe;^CTaBJfleTx co6oh)j BipoaTHO, nanJiyHniee hbx Bce- 
TO ;^o C0XX Hopb HanHcaHHaro o TeitxMiojiJiep'fe. TeftxMK)jijiepx; 



— 13 — 

I 
I 

4ujih BaseH'L ]s,jE Eosjoea, bo nepenxx, cbohhh RjiaccHHecBnMH 
pafioiaMH no ^HCTopia noHaiitt". Saiinx eme H;^py^ie nyHBTii. 
ero Teopifi 6iijih hphhath Ko8jiobeim% (xota noAnac^B ne 6e3x 
liBOTopux'B BHA0H3M']^HeHiB), Hanp., yqeeie o CeitIii, npocTpan* 
erBt a BpeiieHH, ocosHaHiH, ;^BHa:eHin^ MaxepiH, 061 „fl^ n t.a»> 
HiKOTopoe npeHMymecTBO JIoi^n;e npe^x TefixMrojjiepoMX Kos- 
lovh BHAHTi Bx TOMx, qTO nepBEifi pascMaxpHBaeTx npo6jeMH 
ropas^io noApofinie is oScToaTeJBH'fee, qinx BTopofi. 

IIocJi']^ napajinqa Kosjiobi ho^th ee Morx yse nncaTb co(5- 
CTBCHHopy^HO H npHHyaKAeHX 6iiJix ^HKiOBaTB. Ho JTHTepaTyp- 
Haa npoHSBOAHTejirLHOCTb ero He yMeHBmajiacB bx ROJH^ecTBt h 
Bce BHHrpHBajia bx Ka^ecTBi. Ohx BHoycTHJH bi> CBiii qeTsep— 
Tyio H nocji*wK)H) Teipa/^F. »$HJioco$cKaro TpexMicanHEKa", a 
nocii roAOBoro nepepHBa Baqajx bm'^^cto aero Bs^aBaTL 
$Hioco$CKO-JiHTepaTypHHfi cfiopHHKT ^Cfioe Cjiobo*', KOToparo 
yse BHinjio 5 tomobx. FjiaBHoe m^^cto bx otomx HSAaeiH saHH- 
MawTx „Bec<£;(£i ex ITeTepCyprcKHM'B CoKpaiOMi". 3js,ich bx 
^pif]^ Hsan^Baro ^ia-iora Eosjiobx no^x nceB;(OHHMOM'B nlljra- 
Toaa Rajiy^KCRaro" nsjiaraexx cyn^HOCTB cbohxx coficTBeHHUXx^ 
^HJioco^CKHXx Bossp'^Hifi. ^iajiOFH BeAexx Bx Ba?ecTB'6 rjaBHott 
persona dramatis neyTOMBMufi, ocxpoyMHEifi ^^iajiesTHBX, nexep- 

6yprCB]tt HHHOBHHBX, HCTHHHO pyCCKifi HOJIOB'i&BX HO ptqH VL 

cuhjij ;^ymH, nojyTOBfflifi sa cbok) cipaciB kx ^hjoco^Ih my^ 
TOHHoe npoBBHme „CoKpaTa". 

Rx nojiosHTOiiBHOfi aa^aq'^ c6opHHBa, HSJioaceHiio coOctbgh- 
HoB CHCTeMET Bx ^yx* Jlefl^HHi^a, npHCoej^HHaoTca h cootb-It- 
CTByion^aa efi OTpumaTe^LHafl, cocTOsimfi,a. bx noJieMHB^ hjth bx 
. 6opL6i ex HanpaBJieHiflMif, Bpas;i[e6HB[Mn HanpaBjeHiio „CBoero- 
CjoBa" , HMeHHO, cz udeaAtiCMOMby ex nommueucMOMz h o6HBHOBeHHO 
Ticflo ex HHMx eBJisaHHHMx MamepioAucMOMz. BojiBmafl qaeiB no- 
lenHiecKExx ciaTefi HanncaHa no noBO^y BpnTnqeexHXx saM'i- 
lasifi, CA'l^JtaHHuxx pasHEiMs jinufiMJi npoxBBx ^Cboofo CjOBa^. 

6x 1891 r. RosjEOBx co cboemx ceMe&exBOMx nepeceinjicfl- 



— 14 — 

H3^ Kiesa bx neiepSyprx, Tjsfb npomsBaerB h ao cnxx nopi. 
EomnyH) ^acTb j^ha eHy npHXOAHTCfl npoaoiHTb ea OApi^ 6oj[']^3hh. 
He^^ocxaTOE'B ABHseHia (j^HSHqecRaro no HeBOJi']^ npExo^HTCfl bos- 
Min^aTB ycHjeHHEiMi ;(BasKeHieMi meicjih. Ohi> no^xe nocTOAHHO 
saHflTx ^TeHieMi. JIjepacacB CTapnHBaro npaBHJia nulla dies sine 
linea, ohx hohth easeAneBHO HT0-HH6y;^B ^^nKTyexi. 9xoh) npa- 
BHJiBHOCXLK) H o^'BflCHflexcH nopasHxcjiLHafl jiJifl 6ojiBHoro cxa- 
pHsa npoHSBOAHxejiBHOCXb 4>^J[oco^CKaro xBopnecxBa. 

Ilepea'H zmira, „CBoero CjiOBa" npeACxaBJiaex-B ninxo spo^^i 
BBe^eHifl B% cncxeMy. Pasiflcnflioxcfl ocHOBHBifl non^xia cy6' 
cmaumu u qKuudeuuiu. JI^'feficxBnxejiBHoe Ouxie ecxB AyxoBnoe^ a 
He MaxepiajTBHoe; cy6cxaHi^in ne naxo^flxcfl B-h npocxpancxBi^ h 
He^^ocxynnu BHimnHM'B nyBcxBaMX. MaxepiaJbHue axoMu — He 
cy6cxaHi^iH. T^Jia me cyxB bkahmocxb hjih snaqRH, noAx eoxo- 
puMH flBJflioxcfl eaMx (HecoBepmenHBiM'B cyn^ecxBaMx) AyxoBHfifl 
cy6cxaHi;iH b% nxx oxHomeHiflxx nejE^y co6oh) n cb naMH. 

Bmopan BHHra xpaKxyexx oCb omoerh Bcefi ^HJioco^iH— 
noHJixiH 6£ixifl, Boxopoe onpeA^Jiflexcfl nocjii BpnxHqecRaro pas- 
CMOxp'bnifl onpeAJ^JieniS 6Hxifl, c;(i&j[aHHKix'B pa3HB[Mn ^bjtoco- 
(j[)aMH (cm. mok) 6pomH)py: „0 nonaxin Saxia", Ka3. 1898). 

FjiaBHoe coAepjRanie mpemheH rhhfh Eacaexca nonaxifl 
epeMenu] no noBo^ny ero cnoBa saxparcBaioxcfl nonaxie 6Bixifl, 
a xaRxe nonaxia peJiHria n npn^nHHOCxn. Mipx bx ^'J^Acxbh- 
xejiBHOMx 6£ixiH SeaepeMenem^ Hero ne aoj(kho CMimuBaxB ci 
npeAnoJioasenieMX OeaKoneHuato BpeneHH. Bpena ne ecxB niqio 
peajBHoe; cyn^ecxBya jihuib bx namefi ^&/c;}2« (ex CHjy otj?a»t^ 
Heuuocmu nejiOBiRa), speMa ecxB xojibro xoHRa spinia, cb ko- 
xopofi Moe „a^ bx HBrmjieHin pacnoAaiaemz n ynopaAO^HBaers 
aRTH H coficxBeHHOfl cy6cxaHaiH, h ^pyrnxx cymecxBx, ct ko- 
xopHMH ^SL*^ CBflBaHO Bi> ifip'b. ^aji^o yRasuBaexca renesncB 
HXen BpeneHH (no noBO^y RaRnxx peajiBHuxx brxobb oho o6« 
pasyexca) n cxa^in ea pasBHxia. 



— 15 — 

lemeepmaa RHHra nocBfln^eHa noHflxiio npocmpaucmea. II 
OHO, noAofino BpeMeHH, HepeajBHO. He cymecTBya no cefii, 
' npocxpaHCTBO ecxB xo^Ra sp'iHifl, cl Roxopoll MucMu^ee „fl^ 
pacnoMtaemz asxii ceoefi on^yn^aiocqeS ^cbflxeJiBHOCxH (cnepsa 
MycsyjBHO'OCflsaxejiBHoA, noxoMx n ^pyrnxi). HepeajBHii xasse 
npocxpaHCXBa RpuBiifl n 6oJLie 3 HSM'ipeHifi. 3j!,ich oCiflc- 
Hflioxcji H noHflxifl cosepi^aeifl, npe;icxaBJieHifl, anpiopnocxH, BeiUH 
vhce6i (npeHMyiAecxBeHHHO, oxHOCflm^iflCfl ri (j^HJOCO^in Kaaxa). 
TaMiseecxB 6ojiBinafl nojiennqecRafl cxaxBfl ononaxiflxx 6frris, 
H BpeMeHH. 

HHtnaH RHsasRa xpaRxyexi, npeHMyn^ecxBeHHO, o noBflxiflxi 
dmncemH^ a Tas»e Maxepifl h npe^HBHOcxn. JI^BnjReHie^ no;^o6HO 
npocxpaHCTBy h BpeMeHH, He 6y;(yHB peajiBHOCXBio, MoserB 6htb 
noHHMaeMO, Rasi chmbojix pasjH^rauxi oxHomemll peaAHOcxefi; 
oCpasoBaHie ero nj^en xaRme npoxo;(Hxx xpn ^asu: cy^TeRxnB- 
HyH),o6xeRTHBHyK) H a6cxpaRTHyH). JI^BHffieHie mo^^ho pascMaxpnBaxB 
Ti^sLjio:l)MemaglSu3UHecKoe ABHsenie cocxohxx nsiaRXOBi otfn^enifl 
HBsaHMOA'i^ficxBifl Moero„fl^ cx;(pyrHMH cy^cxani^ijiMH, 2)ncuxo- 
jmuHecKoe ABHsenie ecxB cM'^oa cosHaBaeMEix'B naMH oii^ym,eHifi 
H EXi accoAiai^iff Apyri ci ^^pyroMi h ci> npyrHMH ncHxn^e- 
CKHMH cocxoflHiflMH, H 3) 0u3UHecKoe ^^BHseHie ecxB nepeM'iHa 
noJi02ReHifl h M^cxa b'b npocxpaHCTB<£. IlepBoe noHHxie ;(6HseHifl 
ecxB HcxoHHHRX Il-ro, all-e — Ill-aro. ,,J^BH»eHie" ofiHRHOBOHHO 
npHjiaraexcfl rx xpexBCMy po;^y, a bx nepsHxi 2-x'b ynoxpe- 
(Sjenie axoro xepMHHa->Mexa$opHHecRoe; ysocxB h ne^^ocxaxoqnafl 
HHxeHCHBHOCXB qejiOB<£qecRaro cosHanifl, nama orpaHHqeHHocxB 
He no3BOJ[flK)xx oxpaxaxBCfl bx nacx caMOMy Mexa4>H3HHecR0My 
oOn^eHifo „fl" ex MipoMx. Henocpe^^cxBeHHO mbi cosHaSMx xojibro 
CBoe cyn^ecxBOBanie, a ^ysoe — mbi nosHaeMX jshhib no anajEorin 
ch C060H). H nepBH^EHfl, H BxopHHBHfl RaHecxBa Bereft— Mama 
npHHa^^jiesHocxB. Maxepia (npoxHBop'^HHBoe nonnxie) nepeajiBHa: 
Hixx peajBHaro npocxpancxBa, r^'i 6u ona Morja cyn^ecxBOBaxB 



— 16 — 

H ABHraTLCfl. npH^HHY HeJLSfl ClflmnBaTB ex BE'bmEllWh MipOMS 

H MaTepiajuLHHMH Ben^aMH. H^efl npH^nHu ne Be^eTX r'b npas* 
HaniH) BH'bniHBX'B A'^^flTeiefi. 

Bx Tofl me Kwnvi HMieiCfl saM'i&HaTeJEbHaH CTaxBa ^Meioih 
$HJioco4)CKHX'B HanpaBJieHiflX'B", KOTopaji AaerE onpeA'^Jienie 
cymHOCTH nanncHXHCMa bt ero cpaBHenin ex ApyrnMH nanpaBje- 
HiflMB. IIonyTHO Bi 8T0fi MOHorpa^iH (RaKi n BO BceMx ^CBoeMX 
Cjiob^^) pascbflHO mhofo iicIheuxx hctophro-4^hjoco$crhx'b 
saMiqanilf. 

EacaxejBHO noApotfearo coAepasaHia naTofi RHnsRH ^CBoero 
CjOBa^ fl no8BOJ[H) ce6'l OTOCJ[aTB kx oco6oft tfpomiopi, naim- 
caHHofi MHOH) no dTOMy noBOAy (Eas. 1899). 

HaRoeei^x hojebsa ho ynoMflHyiB o mhofexx HHxepecHEix'B 
H BasHHxx cTaiBflxi H pei^eHsiflxx EosjOBa bi sypnaji']^ „Bo- 

npOCU ^HJIOCO^iH H nCHXOJIOriH*', peBHOCTHHM'B COTpyAHB[ROMS 

ROToparo EosjOBx 6ujl% cb canaro ocHOBaHia dioro ^hjioco^- 
CRaro opraea. IIoM'6iii;eHHHfl sa'^cb craxBH noflcnaioT'B MHoris 
CTpaHHi](Bi „CBoero CjOBa^. 

Ba2KH']&fiinifl 6H6j[iorpa$HHecRifl asleeusi o jraiepaTypHOft 
X'bflTejBHOCTH A. A. EosJOBa crpynnHpoBanu mhok) bx cxaiBi^ 
noMimeHHoft bo II-mi tom* cero coHnneflia, CTp. 88 — 105. 
TaMi nepe^HCjeHH bc^ xpyxBi axoro MBicjETOja, nocROJBRy ohb 

MH% HSB^CTHU. 



npo0. EsreHiR Eo6poB'h. 



#lflliGO#(ll 8% P 




^ >vX"v>- -^y-^y-.^ • 



MATEPIAJIbl, 




■<a%MmkMm m smTii. 



HA3AHb. 

THno-JiHTorpa^ifl IlMii£PATOPCBAro ysHBepcHTeTa. 

1899 



ne^aiaHo no onpeAijieHiiD HciopRKo-^HJiojiorH^ecKaro j^aKyjiBTeTa Hi- 
nepaTopcKaro EasancKaro YHHBepcHTeTa. 

J][eKaHr& CMupuoeb, 



OrjiaBjieHle. 

I. ^BJOCO^CRifl npoHSBeAemfl ^. B. BeHeBHTHHOBa . . 1 

II. ^HJOCO^CKifl RHHrn Bl npoBHHi^iH 19 

m. Hsi 6iorpa$iH loaHHa lUaAa 38 

IIpadaBJieBie. FpHHeBaqx 55 

lY. SaiiiTSH ^. M. BejjiaHCBOMx . 61 

V. co^HHeHiaxt A. A. KosjoBa 88 

YI. HaTyp4»HJoco$ifl M. F. IlaBJOBa 106 

YII. IIpHdaBjieHifl. IlHCBMa ^. M. BejjaHCBaro . . . 220 

Kx CTp. 84—87 231 

K% CTp. 126— 129 . .235 

Pawlowiana 239 

H. H. PosasoBx 244 



L. 



I. 



§3Jioco$cm npozssesem A* ^ BeBeszTZBOsa. 



....Ohi AHmeTi xapOHi spacoiH, 
B'B HeMi yMz u cepdue cotJiacuAucb^ 

H MblCAU nOJTHHfl HOCUAUCb 

Ha jiersHX'B Epnjiiflxi Meumht 

(J. B. BeHeBHTHHOBl, co^., CTp. 117). 

HpewaraeMM cxaxba ecTB KpaiKoe HSBJie^eHie nst cnen,i- 
aiBHoS MOHorpa^iH o JI,. B. BeHeBnTnHOB']^, pascMaxpHBaioii^efi 
ero ffiHBHL, no93iK), ero $HJioco$CKie h jHTepaTypHO-HCTopH^e- 
CKie Tpy;i;H. CTaxBH H3Jio»eHH hohth Bes^ti coScxBeHHHMH cjo- 
BauH asTopa. CcujiREr c;!i']^j[aH£i na Jiy^mee n nojiH^Kniee ;^o 
CHxt nopi* HS^aHie nojinaro cotfpaHia coHHHenifi JI^. B. BeneBH- 
THHOBa, c;^'6J^aHHa^o IlaTKOBCKHMi (HnnimeHMT. pe^iiaKTopoMx 
aypHaJia „Ha6jiK)TOTejiB)" bx 1862 bx nexepfiypri, cxp. 263, 
r^i cxp. 1 — 60 saHHMaex'B BCxynaxejiBHaa cxaxsa ns/^axejia 
„0 2&n3HH H co^HHeHiflX'b" nodxa (BecBMa BaacHEiS naxe- 
piajt, co6paHHH8 hbx HeH3;^aHHHX'B HCXoraHKOB'B), cxp. 63 — 
118 opHTHHajiBHHa cxHxoxBopeHia, cxp. 121 — 148 nepeBO^H b-b 
CTHxaxx, — oparHHajiBHaa nposa cxp. 151 — 226 h nposan^ecKie 
nepeBo;[;H — cxp. 229 — 260. 



— 2 — 

PasBHTie (|)Hjioco$iH b-b PoccIh, KaKx h3B'6ctho, xeKJo no 
jiBywh pycJiaMi). Ct o;i;Hofi CTopoHH, cymecTBOBa^a lUKOAhua^ 
^UAOco^in^ KOTopaa npeno;iaBajracB bi. yHHBepcHTeTax'B, rnMHa- 
siflX'B, ^tyxoBBHXx aKaAeMiax'B h ceMnHapiaxx. $Hjioco$CKia na- 
npaBJienia, Haxo;^HBmia cefii m^cto bx axoMt pycji'fe, 6hjih cxo- 
jiacTHKa, BOJiB(|)iaHCTBO H pasjinqHHe ott^hkh yHHBepcaiHCMa. 
9Ta $Hjroco(|)ia inKOJiBHaa ho^th ne BHxo;^HJ[a sa npe;i;'6jiH jieK- 
Diin H aKsaMeHOBT), He nepecrynajia ynHJinmearo nopora; ona 
finjia, TaKt CKasaxB, HCKyccTBeHHHMi HacaflK;i;eHieM'L h cjiyatnia 
jiHniB npaKTH^ecKHM'L mijiaM'B ofiy^eHia h BOcaHTania. npe;i;cTa- 
BHxejiH 9Toro xe^ema (|)Hjioco$iH b'b Poccin aa^acxyio ne 6um 
ii;aaie caei^iajiHCxaMH npe^tcxasjiaeMofl hmh nayKH; ohh 6hjih y/u- 
HoeuuKaMU^ Koxopne HepijUKO npenojiaBajiH cobcJ&m'b ;^py^ie npe;^- 
MexH H Hapaji;y cb hhmh — (|)HJioco$iio, KO^;^a mwh na^a-iBCTBO 
nopy^ajo ^Hjioco^CKyio Kaee^iipy. 9xa niKOJtBHaa $HJioco(|)ia 6HJia 
6e3atH3HeHHa h ocxasajiacB no^xn fies'B BcaKaro oxKJiHKa h bjiIa- 
Hia Ha o6ui,ecxBo. 

C'B J^py^ofi cxopoHH 6hjih $HJioco$CKia HanpaBJienia, koto- 
psia oxi) BpeMeHH ;i;o BpeMeHH yBJieKajiH co6oh), KaE'B fiypHHMt 
noxoKOM^, noqxH bch) pyccKyio HHTeMHreHn,iK). — TaRyio po:iB (i)H- 

JIOCO(|)iH BCtX'B 06pa30BaHHEJX'B HrpaJH. B'B XVIII B-feKi B'B PoCClH 

MaxepiaJiHCM'B („Bo.iBxepiaHcxBo"), a xaBate MHCTHKa h <|)paHMa- 
coHcxBo; BO BxopyH) nojTOBHHy XJX B-iKa xo :Ke caMoe snaHMH 
MaxepiaaHCM'B, conjiajrHCMx, nosuxHBHCM'B, chhphxhcm'b. Xota 
npe^cxaBHxeJiH hoto^hhx'l HanpaBJienifi h noaBMJiHCB HHor;i;a aa 
Kaee^ipaxi, ho bi o6meM^ nepe^HCJieHHHa MipoBoasp^fenia npHfla;^- 
jie^ajiH K'B T'l^M'B, Boxopna HsronajiH hs'b uibojch. FjiaBHHM'B 
opy^tieMx* nponaranjiiH axoi neinKOJiBHofi ({)Hjroco(]^iH cjiyarnjia ne 
Kaee;ipa, a ne^axHoe cjiobo h a(|)^HJiiai][ia jsnqnux'B sHasoMiix'B 
B'B EpymEH. 

B'B Hcxopin pyccKOi KyJiBxypn axn EpyasKH HrpaiOTx Baat- 
Hyio pojiB. Ho CBoeMy xapaKxepy ohh 6hjih BecBMa pa3Hoo6pa3HH. 
Cna^ajia HJienoB-B KpyatKa e;i;HHHJiH, no npeHMyni,ecxBy, HExepecH 
4)HJioco$CKie H jiHxepaxypHHe. B'B nocJiifliCXBiH cxajiH o6pa30- 



3 — 



BumThcs Epy^KH CB HHHMH i^'^jiflMH H 3a;xa?aMn: He orpanH^H- 
Baacb yate cobm'Scthhm'b Hsy^enieM-b ^hjeoco^Ih, hjih hhhx'b 
BaKHxx-JiH6o HayKt (KaKi, Hanp., oSmecTBeHHHxt), ciajiH 3a;i;a- 
BaxBca nJiaeaMH HpaBCTseHHaro nepeBOcnHTaHia ce6a, Jtpysefi, 
HasoHei^'B, Bcero odmecxBa — na CBofi 66pa3e^'B, ^^aae He OTciynaa 
JIM ^ocTHatenia cbohxi> npeiHa^epraHift nepe;i;i. HacHjrieMt h 
o6mecTBeHHO-nojiHTHqecKHM'B nepeBopoTOM-L. 

Oaehmx IL^% nepBHXt KpyatKOB'B, npecjEiAOBaBmHxt MHp- 
HHfl i^ijiH sanaTifi .iHTepaiypoK) h $H.ioco(|)ieK), 6ujn> mockob- 
CKiS Kpy^oKx nocJii^OBaTejiet (|)Hjroco$iH IIIejiJiHHra. 

nie-OHHry b'l PoccIh nocqacTJiHBHJiocL: oHt Hamejix ce6T> 
no^HTaTeJieii ropa3;i;o Soiie , ^i^l> KaKofi-jiaSo Apyroft 
whuemiu ^njioco^'h j[,o nero. Ero yneme npoiiOB'fe;i;HBaj[OCB, 
pacnpocTpaHflJiocB, KaKX b^ asypnajiax'B, TaKi> h ycTHott npo- 
naraHAOio, ;i;ajKe npoHHKJio oxqacra bx niKOJiy. lEejurHHra 
Hsjarajit bt. nexepCyprCKOfi MefljHKO-XHpyprHTCCKOfi aKa^eMiH 
X M. BeAJhaHCKiH^ a bx HexepfiyprcKOM'fi ynHBepcixexi vl Heja- 
rora^ecEOM'B HHCxnxyxi sjiocqacxHtifi ^. jff. Pa^z««(». Bx Mockob- 
CKOMB YHHBepcHxexi xy ate (|)i[jioco(|)iK) ^pe^o;^aBaJIH 0. jEf. ^a- 
eudoez^ M. H, Madeo/cdum h M. F. IladAoez^ **** 

KpysoKt MOJio;i;Hxi jikw2, cnjioxHBfflHxca bo hms IlleJi- 
JiHHra, cocxoflJii hbx j^apOBaxax-B h BHcoKOo6pa30BaHHBix'B jik)- 
;teS. Hs'B nero bbuhjih saMtqaxejitHBie AiaxejiH, ecJiH He cne- 
D^iaJiBHO nayKH $HJioco(|)iH, to— JinxepaxypH, kphxhkh, Hcxopin. 
J^ocxaxo^HO yKasaxB Ha HMena M, II. IloioduHa, HBana Bac. 
Euprbeecnaio, KESiSE Bjia;i;HMHpa Oe^. Odoeecnaio. K'b neny ate 
npHHaji;jiei'Kaji'B h lonoma-noaxB J(. B. Beueeumuuoez^ Ki koxo- 
poMy cy^B^a 6Hjia Menie 6.iarocKJiOHHa. q-iMx kx ero xojibko- 
HTO noHMenoBaHflHM'B xoBapHii^aM'B no Kpyatky h yS-feat^^eHiaMt; 
€My He ;i;aHO Cbijo pasBHXB cboh xajianxH bo Bcefi hx'b Kpat^i n 
CH.i4. A cnoco6HocXH ero 6um riEt^iaioiniiiica h o^eHB pa'3Hoo6- 
pasHHa. Ohx BHCxynaix h KaKT. no9XB, h KaKx; jiHxepaxypHHfi 
KpHTHKB, H KaR'B MHCJiHxeJiB-$HJi6co(|)'B. OlSiii.HM'B b6bSp'feHiei^B 
•€ro $HJioco$CKHXB xpyj^OB'B MH H HaM'fepeHH xeuopB BanaxBca." 



4 — 



Bt BHcmefi CTeneHH 6ujlo 6u HHTepecno npocJii^^HTB, Ka- 
Kie HMeHHo ^HJ[oco<|)CRie Bonpocu xpaExoBajiHCB bx axofi nepBoi 
Ha PycH no speMeHH ^njioco^CBOi BOMnaHiH, a xaBme onpeji;']^- 
jEHTb T^ cqoco6h h MexoAH, EaBie npHJiarajEHCB bx paBpimeHiio 
HHxepecoBaBmHX'B lOHOmeft BonpocoB'L. 

YjiOBJiexBopHXB HameMy atejraHiio, oxqacxH, Moryxx coxpa- 
HnBmiflCfl cxaxefiBH Hamero nodxa - ^sjioco^a , ^nxanHBrs n 
sacjiymaHHHfl Ha od^HX'B xoBapHn^ecBExx cotfpaaiax'L. 3tvl cxaiLH 
6hjih npe;i;jiaraeMH aBxopoM'B na o6mee o6cyat;i;eHie. TaKOBH: 
„ CKyjiLnxypa, atHBonncB HMyBUKa", »yTpo, noji;iieHi> h Be^epx" 
H nBecfew njaxoHa cb AnaEcaropoMx" (cm. cxp. 15 h 151). 

^CKyjibnTypa, MNBonNCb n mysbiKa'' ^). 

3xa cxaxBfl HanHcana Heo6HBHOBeHHO njBixncxHMx asuROM's 
H B'B $opMi ajTJieropiH. Tpn 6oaKecxBeHHHa ^^bh — cecxpn, i^ap- 
cxByiomia bo Bce.iieHHofl, npoMinajiH He6o, KOjmfiejiB cbok), Ha 
ji^Qjumj ateJianiS h ycHJiitt. Ho ne hmb npnna^iiJtejKHX'B Bineni 
descMepxHofi cjiaBu; ohx 6y;i;ex'B b^hho Ha rjiaBi hxtb Maxepn. 
Oni ate yEpacHjiH Bce BH;^HMoe. IlepBafl cecxpa 6ujra nocjiana ma- 
xepBK) oatHBHXB BcejieHHyK) b% onaxB nejOBiEa; ona yKasaia 
CMy Ha C0JiHn;e, netfo, pascfeajia ropn h yxecn; ea ncKycHHi 
pisei^'B o6pa30Bajx EaaB^oe ;nepeBo, jihcxx h ^seM^iyatHHy, coEpo- 

BCHHyK) BB r Jiy^HHfr paEOBHHH. 

Bxopaa cecxpa Bnecjia pa3Hoo6pa3ie naseMJiio Cesi^BtxHyK); 
OHa pasJFHjra no He6y ^ecxyio jiasypB, o^iJia aojihhh h jrica 
sejieHBTM'B niBixoMx H X. jn. Tpexba BeecJia bb Mipi mmEb h 
HapyniHJia MepxByio XHoiHHy cbohmx b3;[Oxom'b; bco orjiacHJiocb 
EpHBaMH pa;i;ocxH, h Bci qth SByEH cjihjihcb b-b o^myio rapMOHiio. 

SaxiMx nepBaa cecxpa BHymnjia cnepxHOMy hoxhxhtb ofohb, 
Miomi* atH3HB, H BpyqHJia eMy ptseax, oatHBHBniitt MpaMopi. 
^eJOBiEx OEpyatHJiB ce6a co6cxBeHHBiM'B MipoMx h nojiyqHJi't 

1) Cip 457-160. 



— 5 



<;peACTBO COXpaHflTL naMflTHHRH CBOeB CJiaBH OTX BCeHCTpe6j[flK>- 

Wi ROCHT BpeMeHH. 

Biopaa jiSLJLdL qejiOBiKy khctb; qepest nee cxajio wa Hero bob- 

MOaHHM'B BHJIHTB CBOH qyBCTBa Ha XOJCTl H C^^JlSLTh CCfit 
MEICIB 6e3KOHeHHOM'B HOHATHOK). 

TpeTBJi cecrpa BjroKHjra bx ^ejroB^^Ka TaHHcxBeHHyro ap(|)y, 

BOTOpoft CTpyHH JipOKftT'E npH BCaBOM'B BneqaTJEiHiH H, THOCff 

HejiOBiKa KaKfiH bi hhoS iiip'B, jionojiHaioT'L to, ht5 lyBCTBvemB 
Bi ^pHpoJ^4. 

Bt saKJuo^enie cecTpn saaBjiaioT'L, ^^o Beci. Mipx ecTb 
npecTO-it Hxt MaxepH — noasin, HejiocaraeMOft m^ ^yBCXBX CMepx- 
Haro; Bi^HOCTB— ea cjiaBa, BcejienHaa — ea HsofipaateHie. 

„yTpO, nOilAeHb^ BBMep-b N HOHb"" ') 

HancrcaHH no TOMy me peii;enTy. Bx npeA'BH^^ymeS ajjreropia 
MH ex TpyjiiOM'B MoateMx ;^o6paTBca ao ochobhoS, rjytfoKO-MHCTH- 
HecKott MBicJiH coTBopenin mi pa h opoMHinjieHiH ero corjacno 

SCTeTH^eCKHMX (nOaTHHeCKHM'B) BaKOnaMX H O SaBHCHMOCTH BC'ix'B 

poiOB'B HCKyccTBa OTX ocHOBHaro, Bx rjiyCHHi hxx jeTKamaro — 
. noasiH ^). Biopaa ciaxBa HMiexx n^^jiiio uo^x oSpasoMx qexBipex'B 
BpeMenx J^Ha noKasaxB xo^^x h CM-feny qcTHpexx BospacTOBx qe- 
JiOBiKa. CaMofi aoeropia hjh „CHy BOoOpawenia" npe;i;niecTByeT'B 
MajieflBKoe (|)ooco4)CKoe BCTynjienie. Me^iTH o 6y;tynieM7, h tfoasHB 
paapyraenia cyxB ;i;e abb, ocHOBHBia nyBCTBa TOJiOB-feKa. HocJii^lHee 

^yBCTBO TaEX npOTHBHO HeJIOBiiieCKOtt OpHpO^ti, ^TO OHX COBJ^aeTt 

ce6'fc oco6h8 Mipx — fieBCMepxia, KOxopHft npejicxaBJFaex'B co6oft 
caMHft yx^niHTejiBHuft npejiMexx jum no9xa h caMHft nasHAaxejiB- 

HHft JIJISI MHCJIHTeJia. S^liCB Ji,. B. BeHeBHXHHOB'B ooaxB BOSBpa- 



^) Cip. 160—164. 

*) cTpeiMeHiH yHHBepcajiHCTHMecKOH acTeiuKi!, TpaKiya oob HCKyccTBt 
Boo6me, HMtTb B^BBJ^y oany JiHfflb noasiro, HCKyccTBo CJiOBa, hoto saKOHM bos- 

BOjlHTS BlSaKOHM BCefi aCTeiHKH, CM. BB JKOe^* COMHtPiH •OnOHflTiH HCKyCCTBa* 

Cip. 138 H 139. 



— 6 



n^aeTCfl kx cBofi jiH)6HMofi mucjh: He usiOHnmh U3z oSjiacmu 
pascydna ^anmasiu, KOTopofi met o6fl3aHBi npeJiecTHJ^SmnMH 
HHHyTaMB B> 3KU3HB; H He AJiA TOFO All co^Aa,Eu dCfb Hyscmea 
neAoerbKaj htoSx ua 6oiamoM6 dpeerb o/cmnu nopodumh MucAh, 
ceH 6o;BecTBeHHufi hjioa'b, npsroTOBjifleMEifi njBiTaMH (|)aHTa3iB? 
3a pacTOJKOBanieM'L cflfbjiB.BEux'h nani npHpoAOK) BHymeHiB 
Hy;EHO o6pan;aTBCfl e'l nefi caMoS cb b'j^phuh^ o neS noHflxieM'B. 
Tor;i;a Bce noacHHxca; ecHKoe HOMuie — dM6MMa^ ecHKan SMjSjiSMa — 
caMoe urbJioe. 3thmi nojioateHieMt UlejuHHra, KOHeqHO, yae 

« 

OTRpaia AJifl oodTa Aopora ki canHMx hpohsbojibhum'b TOJiKOBa- 
HiflM'B ^aM^jieMx". 

^VrnpoM^^ qejiOB'bKx, ajiineHHEifi KpacoTOK) BcejieHHofi, 
xoqeTt ;^0CTH^HyTB neAOCTHatHMaro, ho na fii^^y noBHaeT-B noji- 
HyH) HeBOBMoatHOCTB cBoero ope^npiflTifl h ptraaeTca coBAaib 
CBOft Mipi; HO OHi OTEpHBaexx Besj^i cxporiB saKOH'B neoSxojH- 
MOCTH, HeyRJioHHO ynpaBJflH)n;ifi mipoMi. J^hcmz qejioB'tsx, cosHaeafl 
H HyBCTBya b-b ce6i CHJiy, xo^exx nopafioxHTB npnpo^iy; ho h 
Bx 6ypK) cxpacTeft qejOBiKT. ne safiBiBaexx CBoero BticoKaro 
npeAHaBHa^enia. Ho^ii'L eeuepz cxpacxH racnyxx. JIk)6bh atepx- 
ByexTE* CHJia cbohmh noj^BHraMH h nojyqaexx i^b^xok-b hbx pyK'B 
npejiecxHOfi no;i;pyrH — B'tnei^'B repoa. 

HoHhw XHHiHHa CK-iOHaexx ero ko cny — k^ BOSspiHiK) na 
caMoro ce6a. TenepB ^yraa ero CBoSoj^na. ^ejiOB-feKi noaHa^Ti 
HCXHHHyro rapMoniio. C'b KaKHMTb BOCxoproMx ^po6y;^Hxca ohx, 
Korjia HOBHfi Jiyqi. ;^eHHHn,H B0330B;ex'B ero kx hoboB aLHBHH, h 
OHi nepenecexi qyBCXBO hsi Mipa atejianiB bx Mipx HacjiaatjieHiflr 

IIoHXH BX xoMX ate ;tyx4 HanHcaHx h oxpeibokx hbx ae- 
OKonqeHHaro poMana, apejicxaBJiaiomifi ncHXOJorHnecKiB anajinsh: 

„TpN anoxN jiio6bn'' ^). 

IlepBaa — axo anoxa BocxoproBX. HepBaa jik)6obb, no;io6Ha 
HjaMeHH, qacxa h na Bce pasHO CB'fexHX'B. 



') Cip. 170-173. 



— 7 — 

JlK)6oBHHi^a lOHOfflH — o^Ba BcejeHHaa. KaKi* 6u hh aBJiajiacb 
eMy Kpacoia, ona km Hero paBHO npeKpacna. Bmopan — oimwh 
MHri, HO jryqniiB Muri bt, atasHa. ^yma ynHJiacf>, h B3opu 
ycTajH pasSiraTBCa; hmx Ha^iofino ycHOKOHTbca Ha o;chomx npe;i- 
Mert. TaKOBUMt aBJiseTca o6BiKHOBeHHO „4HCTaH ;iiBa". KaKOio 
npeiecTLBO oSjienaeT'L ee MOJ[o;toe Boo6paateHie! TpemhH anoxa 
jik)6bh — anoxa jiymi, Mh He^oiiro jhoShmt^ cboh cos^ania, h 
npapo^a npHKOBBiBaex'B eacx ri A'^^ficTBHTejibHOCTa. Jl^oporo mia- 
THTt lOHoma 3a BocioprH BxopoB jik)6bh CBoe8. Oai MOjqajiHB'B 
H saAyM^HB'L. H ecjH oex noAcaiyiiiaeTT» cepwe, Sbwmeeca co- 
rjacHO ci ero cepweMx, — ci KaKOio pa^ocTbio no;i;aeT'B oh'b pyny 
cymecToy poiiHOMy! 3to — aHa;iH3i MacTepcKoB h, HecoMHinHO, 
HM-fcion^ia aBTo6iorpa(|)HqecKyK) aoAKiaABy. 

HsiomeHHHa CTaxefiKH jLaEOxi naM^ Htaoxopua A&HHBia jijisl 
xapaBTepHCXHBH BeHeBHTHHOBa, BaKi Mucjiaxeiia. Ho HecpaBHeHHo 
BaatHie ;^Jia Hact b'b 9xomt» oxnomefliH ero xaKae «iHTaHHaa bx 
RpyatK* ^ipyaefl 

^BectAa tlJiaroHa ci» AHaKcaropom'b'', 

BOTopaa HanscaHa no o6pa3n;y MHoroj[H)6HMaro hmi IIjiaxoHa b'b 
(i)opM'fe jiiajiora ^). SaMiTHMx, qxo AHaKcarop-B, BHCxynaromifi bi 
jiiajiori, ne HMfeexx HHqero o6maro cb HCxopHciecKHMx (|)hjioco- 
^OMB AHaKcaropoMX. H-iaTOHx pimaeT'B coMninia AnaKcaropa, 
TaKwe yqeHHBa CoKpaxa, 3a piraeHieMX kohxt. AHaKcaropi 
npnSijraex'B bi neMy. AnaBcaropx ^HxajiB onHcanie sojoxoro 
B^Ka e comajiiexx o xomx, sa^tMi* qeJOB^Ky nana cnoco6HOCXB 
„MyqHXb ce6a nrpoK) BOo6pa5Kefiia". Ha 9xo IIjiaxoH^ ^exx 
euy pasxacHeeie ncHxnqecKofi cymnocxH n03xa. „no9xi" ne 
BHMHDwaexx, OHX BupajKaexx cboh qyBCXBa, a Bci qyBCXBa ne 
Bi BOoCpaateHiH, a b'b caMoii npHpo;^*; oh'b nacjiajKAaexca b*b 
co6cxBeHHOMx CBoeMx Mipi, ero MBicjib bh^ ce6a nnqero He 



') Cip. 151-ir)6 



— 8 



HEnext; cji'fejCTBeHHO, noaTx vKJroHaeTca otx u^jih Bceo6maro 
(HpaBCTBeHHO-nojHTH4ecKaro) ycoBepmeHCTBOBaHia. 

^^uJioco^iH ecmh euctuan noasin^ ^). 
HxaKt s^^icb aBTopx onsTL BOSBpamaeTca ex npeatHCH) 

HaCTOSHHBOCTBK) Kt CBOefl J1K)6hM09 MHCJIH KOpeHHOMX e^HH- 

CTB* jifkHTejLhEOCTn pascv^Ka H BOo6pa7Keflia. XapaKTepHCTHieHx 
HaBi^HHHfiiS HsyneHieMx [IleJiJHHra BsrjiflA'B na (f)BJioco4>iK), saKx 
Ha H'tHTO noBTHHecBoe. 

AHaBcaropi npocnTi IIjiaTOHa noiiCHEiTB eny Bupaxeme 
„30JiOToH B^Kt". HjiaTOHx BT» cBoeMt pasiacHeHiH Hcxo;;sTx 
H3X coKpaTOBa o6o3Ha^eHifl nejiOBiKa, KaKX „Majiaro iiipa" — 
BipHaro HBoCpaatenia BcejieHHOft, — ^bmCjibmh" BcaKaro i^tjia- 
ro, H cjiij^CTBGHHO, Bcero HeJOBiqecTBa. Ha btowl oCHOBaniH onaib 
SepyTca pasjiH^Hue BoapacTM qejOB^Ka. BcaKifl ^ejiOB'feKx poa- 
jieHx cqacTJiHBHMx, HO 4To6tJ oosHaTb CBoe c^acxie, j^yraa ero 
ocya^ieHa kx SopeniK) cb npoTHBopiqiaMH Mipa. ^yma Mjia;i;eHua 
eii;e bx coBepmeHHOMX corjiaciH c^h npapowH); ho eMy He;^o- 
CTaeTt eme oj^noro nyBCXBa — coBepnieflHaro caMonoBHania. IIpH- 
HHHa BcixT. ;^i8cTBill lonomH h qe-iOBiKa BOSMysaJiaro — bi Ha- 
Aessijsf^ jiocTHrnyTb Tofi CTeneHe, Ha KOTopofi HeJOB'feKt nosnaeT'L 
caMoro ce6a. CTape^'B bhaht'l, ^to nyxb xpyj^OBT, npHBejn ero 

BX HeBaBHCHMOCTH B CaMOAOBOJlbCTBy. BOTX JR03Hb ^eJIOB'l&Ra! 

OHX CHOBa BosBpan^aexca bx CBoeny na^ajiy. Oxcfo^^a, ecjH 
npHJiojKHTb TO me npaBHJio ex xojiy ^eJiOBi^ecTBa, Heo6xoAHM0 
ciiAyexx, 4X0 aojioxott BtEX h 6mjix, h 6y;^exx eme. 

^ejiOBtB'b nepBo6HXHbifi bx sojtoxomx BtE* 6hjix „uapeMx 
npHpoiiH", X. e. noBopHJix ee. ^xo6h nosnaxb cbok) CHJiy, nejio- 
BiBX npHHyTKjieBx HcnHxaxb ee bx npoTHBopiniaxx, — oxxy^ia 
pacKOAd Meotcdy mucaIio u nyecmeoMh. IIpHMtpx: xyioatensx 
nopasesx n^eeio: xoxa bx ji,^uA ero xHoiHHa, ho axa xHniHHa 



•) Cp. « Bruno » Schellinq'a, H3ii. II, cip. 23: 

Naclidem wir die hocliste Einlieit der SchSnlieit und der Walirlieit 
bewiesen haben, so scheint mir anch die der PMlosopMe mit der Poesie bewiesen. 



9 — 



npeABiiHCHua fiypn, A Kor^a ohx no6t;^HJix Bct Tpy;^eocTB bh- 
nojHeHia eupaseji cboh) njieio, Tor;ia ohx no3Hajri cboh) CHJiy 
H HacjiaxAaexcfl hcthhhhmx cnoRoScTBieMx. 

TaKx H Bce ^ejiOBi^ecTBo: nosHaBX cbok) CHJiy, oho bto- 
pH^HO CTaneT^ i^apeMt npHpoj^a, h HacxynHTt soJOTofi BiKt. 
3Ehtb ecTE Hnqxo HHoe, KaKX XBopnTb 6yAyn\ee, Hamt H^eaji'L, Ho 
6yAymee ecxb npoHSBeAenie Bacxoamaro, x. e. Hamefi coficxBeH- 

HOfl MUCJI0. 

HsjiojKeHHLifi xpaKxaxx owHiaexca cxpoBnocTbH) nocxpoeHia, 
CTporocibK) npoBGAeeia ochobhojS aiea h Moatexx TOXb bhco- 
Koe noHaxie (j)hjioco(j[)Ckhx^ cnocofinocxax'b BeHeBHXHHOBa. 
TaKoe ate npiaxeoe BnenaTJi'feHie npoHSBO^HX^ h (|)HJioco(|)CKoe 

^tlNCbMO K-b rpai|)NHt NN", 

co6cxBeHHO, KT> ero ^piaxeJIbHH^'fe, KnaraHt A. H. Tpy6eii;- 
Kofi, m.eRi ;^eKa6pHCTa, ROxopoS noaxi Han'^peBajica bi pa^'i^ 
necoMb H^JioJEHXb ittJiyK) cacxeMy (|)HJioco(|)iH ^). Ha^aBniH ex 
pas^opa HtMei^aHxi cxaxoxBopBieBi, noaxx o6^mfi.Ji% BHarHei, 
cosHasaBmeft , ^xo Cb aea He^^ocxaxo^no OJ^HO^o omymeeia 
qyBCXBa npespacHaro, a xonexca h ;^axb ce6i ox^ext bi> 9tou% 
HVBcxBi, ysHaxb, KaKX oho BOSHHuaexx h cb m^mx CBasano bi 
oSo^efi ncHXHHeCKOfi cacxeiii, — ^ ^pe;^cxaBaxb bx BpaxEOMx a npo- 
ciOM'B HSJEoateHia, xaKyio eayKy, Koxopaa coBepnieHHO yjiOBJie- 
TBopaxi ea JiiofioiiHxcxBy". Ho ohx npocaxx ee ne safiiiBaxb 
o;^HO^o yciOBia; ecjia ohx xoxb aa o^ay Manyxy nepecxaaexi 
6uTb acRHMx, TO nycxb oaa HsopBexx ero nacbiia a sanpexaxt 
eiiy nacaxb 06'^ axoMt npe;cMexi: xpeOoBaaie, bx ycxaxx mej- 
JHHroBH,a oneab cxpaaHoe, b6o oaa xo Bcero Meaie safioxaJiHCb 
HMCBHO aCHOCXB a npocxoxi a ;ta»te Haxo;i;aJia bx $bjioco(|)' 
CKOMx ^opaMpaK*" ocofieBHbift cMaKi. PasBBxie B;i;eB bx oBCbM* 
BaMHHaexca cb pasp-lmeHia Bonpoca: „M03Kexx jb 6HXb navKa, 



1) Cip. 174-181. 
^) Cip. 174. 



— 10 — 

HasHBaeMaa (J)H.ioco$iefi, h kb,kt> po/tujiacL OHa?" 3to h cocxaB- 
jiaeTt coji;epataHie nepearo m eAHHCToeHHaro nwcBMa. ^Togir 
npasHaTb (|)H;ioco$iK) eayEofi, na;io6flO CHa^aja onperfejHTL, ^t6 
TaKoe — HayKa. Ha upHM-fepaxii apHOMeTHKBr h HCTopiK aBTopt 
noRasBTBaeT'L, ^to ochobhhmh ycjiOBiflMbi bcaroS HayRH cjiy^aTx 
J^Ba CJiijiiyiomia: 1) CTpeMJieeie npHsecTH ^acTHtie ciyqaw bi 
Teopiio; 2) Kaat;caa nayKa HM•fieT^ OTA^JifcHHa, ea tojif>ko co6- 
CTBeHHfciB npe;^MeT'B; j^py^HMH cjiOBaMe, axn ;^Ba ycJioBia cyTs (|)opMa 
H coAepataHie. $opMa, x. e. npaBe^eHie qacxaux'B ciyqaeBx bx 
o6myK) CHCxeMy, npHcyma bc^mx HavKaM-b, h OHt> pasjH'iecxByrox'B 
ueTRjiy co6oH) xoJibKO no co;iep?KaHiio. „$opMa" BEipaataexi* oo- 
mift saKOHi, Koxopony nayKa Heo6xo;inMo cji^yexx. Ocxaexca 
xoJibKO noABecxH h (|)HJOCo$iK) no^B axo onpe;i;tjieHie HayKa; ho wa 

# 

xoro Ha;^o ^pe;^BapHxeJIbHo pascMOxpixb, KaKi po;^HJracb (|)ajo- 
co$ia, xaKt Kaux mu ea;e ne snaeMx, qxd xaKoe (|)HJioco$ia. 
no;io6HO pasBHxiK) noHaxitt Kaat;^aro ox^'fejibHaro ^ejiOBiKa, no- 
cxeneHHO pasBasajiHCB a HavKw, acxoj^a oxx Hafijnoi^ema qacxatix'B 
CJiy^aeB-B, h noji^iaHaa axx o6mBMi saKonaMx. ^'feMi Sojite 
HayKa npaBeJia nacxHEie cjryqaa bx ofimyio cacxeMy, x^mx Sjiaace 
OHa K^B coBepmeHCXBy. CjiiiOBaxejiBHO, coBepmeHaMraaa asx 
HayKx eyjiexx xa, Koxopaa npaBeiexi Bci cjiyqaa, ajiH Bct 
nacxHHa nosHania qejiOB^Ba, x. e. Bci nayKa, ki o^aoMy aaqajiy; 
8X0 a ecxB ^HJioco(|)ia bjh nayKa aayKx, jiojiaeHCXByron^aa HM-fexB 
CBOHMX npejtwexoM'B h^^xo o6ni;ee BcfeMx nayKaMx, x. e. oSm^yK) 
Hxx <|)opMy. HxaKx, ^ajioco^ia ecxB aayaa, xaKx KaKi HMiex'B 
a (|>opMy, a coAepatanie: cbohmx co;^epffiaHieM'B oaa aMtex-L ao- 
SHanie, KaK'B oosHaBaxejiBHyH) chocoChocxb Ayxa, a (J)opMOK) — 
npacyn^ee BcaKOfi nayKi cxpeM^ienie kx o6ni;e8 xeopia. Bx cjii- 
^^yion^axx nacBMaxT) aBxop'B ofiimaexca noKasaxB, KaK'B BCt nayKff 
(a ecxexHKa) CB0j^axca aa (|)ajioco(|)iK), a asx nea o6paxHO bhbo- 
Mxca, o6'6maexca noKasaxB, KaKx ^^^•'^^co^ia, necMOxpa na xo, 
Hxo ofiBiKHOBeHHO SBTJia ^^ocxoaHTeM'B HOMHorax'B, BMijia p'feraa- 
xejTBHoe Bjrianie na iiijiBre Hapo^H, KaKx, nanp., y rpeKOBx. 

^Hxaa 9X0 nacBMO. npaxoi^xca, no-neBOJi'fe, yjiaBJiaxBca 
KpaxKOCxa. oxqexjrasocxa a npocxox'fe viSjroTReEia, acaocxa ochob- 



— 11 — 

HoflMHCJiE, jiocTOHHCTBv Bosspinitt Ha npe;i;MeTT). AnTop-B ctoht:^ 
Ha laKott TONE'S spiHia, KOTopyio samamaiOTx h .loeuHi 

BcaKOMy yfiijE^^eeBOMy nejiOBiKy, BecbMa eciecTBeHHO, xo- 
^e^:cn awferb BOSMOatHocxb BEicKasaTb cboh saBiiHua luen, xo- 
Hexcfl co3AaTF> opraHT) jmsi Bbrpa?ReHifl TaKOBtix'b. H jifkHcTBurejihuo: 
KpyacoKT. mejiJiHHroBixeB'B coa^iajix ce6'i ne^aTnufi opraH't, to^ho 
TaKT) ate, KaKx nosiiete KpyatOK^ rere.ieBi];eB'B oBJiaAiJix „OTeqe- 

CTBeHBHMH SanHCKaMfl", KaK'L BnOCJlijlCTBiH H ^COBpeMeHHeKT)", 

H „PyccKoe Cjiobo", h ^Jt'tjio", h „OTeqecTBenHua SantrcKH", 
B „Cjiobo" yace 6jinataaniaro kx HaMi nepio^ia cJiy^HJii, Kaatiioe 
Hs^aHie. opraHOM'B HSBtcTeofl napria, KpyacKa hbtb ejiHHOMBiin- 
j!eHHHKOBT> HSBicTHaro HaapaBJieHia. 9r0M'L, KaKt Haai'L KaTKeTca, 
aypeajibHoe Jiijo y nacx no CBoeii ncTopia oyCoKO pasHHTca 
OTT. ffiypHa^iBHaro A'feJia Ha SanaA*, vji^'h oho HMieri, no npe- 
HMymecTBy, KOMMepqecKitt xapaKTep-B, a r,ii pi^KH HB^tania, 
flBiiaH3miacfl opraHOMTb BupaateHi>i HSBicTHofi CHCTeMti npHHn,H- 
noBx (KaKOBUM'L 6ujm Gallische Jahrbticher bi pynaxx jiiBO- 
rere-ieBii,eBi). Jhuib b-l nosAHittmee BpeMa h y nacB na^HHaroT'B 
Hapo2K;i;aTbca CespasjiaqBHa, a(|)epHCTHqecKiii H3;iaHia. npHHn,H- 
niajbHHfi, nponanraAaTopcKifi xapaKTepi HamHxx jRypnajioB'b, ko- 

HeJlHO, CTOHTB BX xilCHOfl CBflBH CX OOmHM'L AHJiaKTHHeCKHM'b Xa- 

paBiepoMx Hauiefi pyccKoSjiHTepaTypbi, CTpeMHBmettca Bceriia6BiTb 
BnepejiH o6mecTBa h ciaib wa nero uponoBijiHunieK) h yKaaa- 
TejbHHi^efi ^pyxeft Jiyqinaxx". Mohvho CKasaib 6ojbuie: xaKT. KaKi 
noHXH BCflKitt acypna;!!. y nacL aBjajca ao chxx nopx Hocnxe- 
JGM'b HBBicxHHXx* npHHn,HnoB^ H yfi'^atAeHifi, ii 6opi>6a Meat;(y 
HH^iH HOCHJia ropasAO Menie, h MiRe ho^xh BOBce ne HOCHjia 
xapaKxepa aKOHOMnqecKofi KOHKyppeHn;iH, a Smra, Bt cy^^HOCXH, 
BHpajKeHieMX ^poHCXo;^HB^Ieii bx oSniecxBt 6opb6H paBJiH^HMxt 
yMcxBeHHHX^ xeqeflifi, xo h ncxopia pyccKoft Jiaxepaxypu H0Bl5t- 
niaro nepio^a saKJwqaexca, npeHMymecxBeHHO, Bt Hcxopia atyp- 
HajioBi H HX'B BsaHMHErxx oxHomeHiH; fl6o BOKpyr^ pe;iaKn;iH. 
KajR^aro mypnajia h rpynanpoBaJiHCb nncaxejiH iiSBtcxHaro .larepa,. 
Jiaate npe;'i:cTaBHxejiH HsnmHott JiHxepaxypH, kb>k% 6e;i;iexpwcTEi. 
a no9XBi. 



— 12 — 

H cpe^H KpyaiKa hjhhxx uiejiJiHflroBi^eB'B BOSHHBJia mbicjI) 
' cos^aHiH CBoero neqaxearo opraea, KOiopHft aejajica 6bi npo- 
Bo;^HHKOM'L Hxx E^eH. IIpejiBicTHHOiett TaKoro opraHa Ctijia bh- 
xo;tHBinafl bx 1824 — 25 r. noji'h pe;^aBmiefi KH.Bj.Gej.OAoeBCKaro, 
y KOToparo CHaqa.ia h codapajiHCb MOJioj^Eie jnom bo hma „JIk)6o- 
My;^pia", — „MHeM03HBa" bx HeTupex-L KHHatKaxx *). HensBicTHO, 
KOMy npHHa;iJieacHT'B nepBaa KOH^e^^ia, ho BeHeBHTHHOBi co- 
CTaBHjix H npo^Hxa^i'B Ha BeHepaxT> nporpaMMy 6y;tymaro atyp- 
Bajia noA'B sarjiaBieMx: 

„HtcKOAbHO JKMcnbi B-b n^iHH'b mypHa/ia ^). 

Hcxo;^HOK) MucjiiH) cjiya^HTT) to nojO/Kenie, ^to cxpacTb Kt 
nosHaHiio n Heo6xo;iHMoe ateJiaHie ;ii2cTB0BaTL BjeKyix qejo- 
BfeKa Kx ^caMono3naHiBo". HayKH h HCKycxBa cyxb pasBHxie 
axofi HaqaJibHott Hj^ea. Idcxopia yfi'tm^aexx, hxo cia i^ijib nejo- 
Biica ecxb i^ijib Bcero ^lejiOBi^ecxBa, a .iK)6oMy;ipie acHO oxKpH- 
Baexx Bx Heft saKonx Bcefl npupoAM. Cx 9xofi xo^kh aptnia Kaaj- , 
JIU& HapoOT aBjaexca oxA^JbHUMX jihi^omx, KOxopuS Bcfe cboh 
'HpaBCTseHHbia ycajiia, H0caa;ia ocoSufi, n.ieMeHuott xapaKxepx, 
HanpaBJiaexx kx caMonosHaniH). HpocBtmeHie ecxb xa cxenenb, 
Ha Koxopofi OHX ox;iaexx ce6i ox^exx bx cbohxx j^ijiaxx a 
onpeji^Jiaexx C({)epy CBoero jfeftcxBia. Y Bcfexx napodoez caMO- 
cmoHmedhHuxd npocefbu^euie paseuea.ioch U3z nanajia omeHecm- 
eennmo] hxx npoH3Be;ieflia, ;iaiKe BXo;^amia bx cocxasx Bcewip- 
HHXx npioSp-fexeHift yMa, He xepajin oxjiaqaxejibHaro xapaKxepa. 
npHMinaa bcS 3xn ycjiOBia kx Poccia, mh nojiyHHMX, qxo poc- 
ciftCKoe npocBfemenie ecxb sauMcmdOdauHoe: orxviia axo nyBCXBO 
noApaasaxeJibHOCXH a paSoJiincxBO, oxxyAa coBepmeHHoe oxcyx- 
cxBie CBoSojiBi H HCxaHHOft jitaxejibHOCTH. 5x0 me cjiysaxx npa- 
HHHofi xasoro newajibHaro aBJienia? — Ta 6fiicxpoTa, ex KOxopoK) 
Poccia npHHfljia Hapyatayio $opMy oSpasoBaHHocxa a B03;iBHr.Ta 



M T. I. coq. Knp-feeBCKaro, cip. 8. 
^) Cip. 164-169. 



— 13 — 

muMoe swHie jHTeparypH. Ecjih 6u pasBHxie pyccBOit mhcjih 
mio ecTecTBeHHHMi nyieMTb, to xapaKxepi Hapo;i;a pasBHjrca 6h 
co5cTBeHHofi CBoeK) CBJLOK) H npHHAJn 5a HanpaBjeeie caMo6HT- 
floe; MH nojyHHiH (|)opMy JHTepaiypH npe;K;[e ea cymHOCTH. Mti 

He MOSeMX nOXBaJBTSCH he OieaMl HaMflTHnBOM'B, BOTOp&lfi 6£I 

HOCHJix nenaTb CBo6o;iearo SHTysiacMa h hctwhhoS cipacTa k-b 
HayRi. CoBpeMeHHEie acypHajm CJiy^Raii nHn^eK) nameMy nes'^asecTBy. 
3aT^Mi BeeeBBTHHOB-B BEicKasuBaeTi) H'i^CBOibKO o^eHB sa- 
M'bqaTe.iBHtix'B h qpesBBinafiHO rjiy6oBQX'B MEJCJieS o xo^t pas- 
BHTifl HoSmeMx xapaKTepi HCTopJH pyccKOft JHTepaTypn. IIceB- 
;(OSjiaccHD;HCH'B naj'L; ero CA'bjiu ocTajHCt Jinmh bi HeMHOPHX'B 
TBopefliax'L, KOTopnfl ci 6e3CHJiBHoro ynopHOCTbio ciaparoTca 
^pe;^CTaBHTb nporaejimee eacToamaMx. Ho mh OTfipocajH (j[)paH- 
i^yscKia npaBOJia He ottofo, hto6u mbi mopjih nxx onpoBep- 
rnvTB Kai£OH)-JiH6o uoJiOTRETejuhEOio CHcxeMofi; npaBHJia HeBd^pHua 
saMiHHJiHCB y naci oxcyTCTBieM'B BcaKHX'B npaBHJii. IIpHHHHa 
HaraeB cjiaCocxn b'b JiHxepaxypHOM'B oxHoraeHin saMioqajracB ne 

CTOJIBEO BX Ofipasi MHCJieS, CKOJBKO B'B 6e3;i'fe8CXBiH MBICJIH. 

OahhmT) hsx naryCHBix'B nocjiiACXBift 6EiJia Bceo6maa cxpacxB 
BEipaataxBca bx cxexaxx. MHOwmcMUHOcntb cmuxomeopueez eo 
ecHKOMo uapodrb ecxB ^n>pww>^?w^^? nptimaKb e%o AeiKOMUCAin. Y 
HacB asEiB'B EoasiH npeBpamaexca bx MexaHHCMx h ;^ijaexca 
opyj^ieiix fiescHJiia; y nacB qyBCXBO ocBoSosK^aexx oxx ofiaaaH- 
HocxH MEicjTHTB H OTBJieKaexx OTX BBicoKofi j^tiTH ycoBepmeH- 
CTBOBania. ^ler^e ^tificxBOBaxB na yMx, Korjia ohi npucxpacxHJica 
Ki> 3a6jry»;^eHiK), He;BejrH, Koria ohi paBHo;iyffleHx kx HCXHHt. 
Ilpa xaKOMX nojojKeniH ji.'km npejicxaBjiaexca o;iho Jiumh cpeji,- 
CTBo K-B BOBBpameniK) pyccKofi cjiOBecHocxH na nyxB npaBHJBHaro 
pasBHxia — cosepmeHHO ocxanoBHXB HBiHiniHia xo;^x ea pasBHxia 
H sacxaBHXB ee dojiie jiyMaxB, qini npoHSBOjraxB. Jl^jra cefl x^ijiH 
Hapeatajo 6u ycmpauumh Pocciio oxx HBiHiniHaro ;i;BH;KeHia 
Apyraxx Hapo^OBx, h onupanch ua meepduH umajia s/SuAOCogSiUy 
npeACxaBHXL efl nojiHyro KapxHHy pasBHxia yMa 'iejOB'feqecKaro, 
B'B KOTopoft 6u OHa BHji'fejia CBoe npe^^HaBHaneHie. TaKofl A'fejH 



— 14 — 

y;iOBJ[ieTBopM.io 6ki C04HHeHie, B^ KOTopoMx pa3Hoo6pa3ie ^pe;^- 
MeTOBi npeACxaejiaJio 6u pasjaqHua npHMtHGHia o;i;HOit nocTOHH- 
Hofi CHCTeMKT — T. e. QfcypuaM^ pasjfejieHBua naitefe qacTa: xeo- 
peTH^ecKVfO — H3C.Tfc;i;0Baeifl yMa h CBoBcTBb ero ((J)ooco$CKi8 
OTji'bjii), H npaKTH^ecBifi — npnM'bHeHie o6ii;hxi Haqa.ii k^ hcto- 
pia HayK^ h HCKyccTBT>, npiiqeM^ EMOono o6paTHTf> oco6eHHoe 
BHHMaHie Ha npoa3Be;teHifl ipeBHaro Mipa, — h6o ;iyxx jipeBHaro 
HCKyccTBa npejiCTaB.iaeTTj ofin^ibHyK) maiBy Mwcjieft, Seat koto- 
pHX'B HOB'fiamee HCKyccTBO xepaeT-L fiojbmyio qacTb CBoeft i^^hei ^). 

Bx ({)HJIOCO$iH H B'L (|)HJIOCO(|)CK()fl KpHTURfe GSaU^HMX'B npOH3- 

BejieuiH HafijieTib Poccia sajiorx cBoeS caMoCuTHOCxH h npaB- 
CTBeRHOfi: CB060AM Bi> JiHTepaiypi. 

TaKOBa, B'b oSmaxx 'lepiaxi,, nporpawMa, eaMtqeHHaa noa- 
TOMT. wa npe^iiioJiaraeMaro TRvpHaja. Bca OHa npoHHKHyTa oji- 
HOK) cxporo Cjiecxame nponeAenHOio MHCjiio: Sy^ymiS JRypnajii, 
Bt npoxwBHOCXb jipyriiAfL cyu^ecxByron^HMX, J^OJI/KeH'L HM'fexb 
HCKJiioHHTejrbHO ofimecxBeHHO-BOcnHxaxeJibHoe sna^eHie. Hpn 03- 
HaKOMJieniH cl aiofl nporpaMMoio nojoataxejibHO npaxoAHiiiB b^ 
y;iHB;ieHie nepe^'B sp'kiocxbio cymjieBiH ejiBa Jinnib ;iBaAUaxH- 
JiixHaro K)Honi0, upeji% r;iy6oKHM'b saaqeflieM'b h noHHMaHieMB, 
KaKt o6mett ncxopin MHCJia, xarb h noJioseHia jiaxepaiypKi a 
xojia yMCXBeHHaro pasBaxia btb Poccia; mh iiopa?KaeMca axoK) 
HeBipoaxHOK) bt> lOHomi ocHOBaxejibHOCXbEo Mucja, ho mm 06a- 
3aHH oxjiaxb a ^anb npasnaHia (>J!aropo;iiHHM'L naxpioxa^ecKHMi 
cxpeMJieHiaMx noaxa. /I,BaAn,axHJi'l5XHifi lOHoma npaaajbHO pi- 
maexx BOnpocL, Ha;i.b KOxopuMX fiajacb a Myqa.5acb nocjib 
Hero HicKOJbKO noKoJiiBiii a jiyMuiia pyccKia rojiOBu; no 
ero CMepxH y^KC noaBaxca „.iioia SescoHHue": ?aa;iaeBH, 
XoMaKOBH, FepueHu, BijancKie, Koxopue, BcaKx no CBoeMy, 
Cy^iiyxB cxapaxbca paspiraaxb neaocajibHyK) aaw^y oSb.oxho- 
ineHiaxt Poccia a pyccKaxb ki Sanajiy. 3xa Jiioja noxpaxaT'B 
Ha p-femeaie Bonpoca bcfo cbok) anepriio a cbjih. C^acxjieeo 



*) 3to jtaeTB CKaoHHeECKOMy («CopoKT) Jtii pyccKOfi kphthkiu) noBoa'b 
cqHTaih H-a npeABtcTHHKOMT) K-iaccnqucMa iia Pycii. (Coq. t. I, cip. 331). 



I 

i 
i' 

i 



— 15 — 

Ks6^raji BC% OAHOCTopoHHia 3a(5.TysAeBia, Bi Eaxia Baa^aJiB ero 
npeeMHHKH, BeHeBniHHOB'B HaxoAHTi eAUHCTseHHO BtpnyH) pas- 
ra;iKy — yqaxBCH y Banana, htoC-b jjorHaTb ero. 

ffiypsajB H Ha caMOM-B jitJ^^ Hapo;ciiJicfl: aio dhun* „Mo- 
cKOBCBia BicTHBKx", HaqaBmiH buxoahtb bx 1827 ro^y. JKypnaJix, 
A't8cTBHTe;iLH0, pa3;i4MJicfl Ha ;iBi ^acTn. 0(|)(|)H^iaJIbHfcIM'B 

peAaETOpOM'L 6tiJIX H3B'bCTH£lS BnOCJl'^ACTBifl HCTOpHRl M. II. 

IIoroAaH'B, KOTopHft, cnpo^eMi, caMx BaaBHJx, qxo ^aypeajii 
B.sj^aeicfl He ojihhm^ hmi., a mhofhmh, sanHMaion^HMHCJi pyccKOH) 
JiuTepaTypoH), soa ptuiBJiHCb coe^nHfiTb cboh ycEjia h npanecTH 
o6m,Yio sepxBy na ajxapb oieqecTBeHHaro apocB'fanieHifl" ^). 
UpHHHMaii'B bx acypaa^i'b yqaciie Becb Kpy;RORT», Mes^y npoqHii'b 
H H. KHp'i^eBCsit. CaM'B BeHeBHXHHOBx, xoxa h HasuBaex'b ce6fl 
wh MajieHbKott 3aM'6xKt o Bxopofi ntcHH Oe'l^rHHa ^) oj^hsmi 
H3X HB^axejiefi („mU; n3;i[axejiH"), ho npaMoro y^acxia uohth ae 
npHBHMaJiT.. UepeixaBfliH k'b xoMy BpeMenn bi IXexepCyprij, oh'b, 
Oj^naKO, ropHHO cjiiAHX'b 3a atypnaJOM'b h ;^aex^.peJ^aK^iH nocxoan- 
HEje coBtxu. Mea^Ay npo^HMX, ohx coBi^xoBajii npHFJiacnxb Mei^- 
KeBH^a, ^) H, necMoxpfl na cboh) noJieMBRy ch IIojieBbiM'B, peRO- 
MeHjiOBajn* 6HXb ocxopoatoie ex ero atypHaJOMx ^Tejierpa^x", 
BuojLEi H no jtocxoHHCXBv oiii'feHflfl SHaqcHie j5Tejierpa(|)a" bx 
HcxopiH pyccBoft cjioBecHOCXH, H xiMX onaxb-xaRH BHCRasHBaa 
rjiyCoRoe noBBManie ea cyjie6x. 

Ho atypaajix inejiJiHHroBn;eB'b ne nomej'L, HecMOxpa na 
:KO-iJieriajibHoe ycxpoScxBO pe;iaRi^iH, necMOxpa Ha yiacxie cxojb- 
KHXi 3aM'l?axej[bHux'B no cbobm'b xajanxaMi h o6pa30BaHiH) 
JiH)jie9, HeCMOxpa na yqacxie caMoro HyniBflHa. IIpHqaHH axoro 
Beycnixa caMtia pa3HOo6pa3flHa: pe;iaRi^ia cocroajia h3X mojio- 
jibixi, HeonuxHUX'B bt> JKypHajibHOMi ji'kjL'b JiiOAefi, CaM'B rjiaBHufi 
pe;?aRxop'B noro;^nHTi BOBce ae 6iijn> cosjibmi* 6hxb asypnaJiH- 



') Cip. 16. 
») Cip. 225. 
») Crp. 16. 



— 16 — 

CTOMX, KaKX H. nOJieBOft, H T. Jl. „M0CK0BCKifi BiCTHHKl'^ 

He BHj^epmaJ^ KOHKyppeHii;iH h sanax^. TjiaBHOH) ate upa^HHoB 
Heycn'fexa aBJiaeTca, KOHe^eo, Mepes^iypx cepLesHoe, (|)ejioco(J)- 
CKoe HanpaBjeHie atypHaja, npHmeAmaroca He no njieny coBpe- 
MeHHOMy o6mecTBy; jijlh cepteBnaro ^Tenia ToritamHaa Poccia^ 
BX o6mfiui>j He cosp-fejia: ^Hjioco^ia cocpejioio^HBajacB bx He6ojiB- 

fflHXT», TiCHHXX KpyKKaX-B OCOOeHHO AapOBHTEIX'B jiojcefi. 



JiHTepaTypHafl ^ifeaTejibHOCTB ^. B. BeHeBHTHHOBa, no;io6Ha 
;^•feaTeJIBHOCTH MHornxx pyccKHX'fc HHcaTejefl, ofiopBajacb b^ CH-iy 
CjynafiHMX'B H HeapeABRAHMEix'B DpHHaHx (paHOBpeMeHHoif CMepiB), 
He ;i:ofiAa n ao na^aja paci^Btxa. 

XoTa H HejiBsa corjracHXBca snojEHi ex xapaKTepacTHKOio 
HaTKOBCKaro, 6yjtT0 BeneBHTHHOBx Cltjix r.icaBHHMx ABHraxejeMi 
nepBaro (|)Hjro(:o4)CKaro EpyjKKa b-b PocciH h ocHOBaxe.^eM'B Hiyp- 
najna, ^ecxHo cjysKHBmaro ^HJ!OCO(j[)CKofl nponaraH^it ^), m6o ohi 
aBJiaexca He rjaBHErMi ^iBBraxejieMx Kpy:RRa, a o;(H0mi> b.sx caMUxi) 
BHAaH>ni,Hxca 'MenoBX ero, h ne oceoBaxejieM'B jKypnajia, a xcubko 
jiHJ^OM'B, BBipafioxaBHiHM'B uporpaMMy, — xo Bce-xaKH M^ ;iBa;i;i^aTH- 
jiixHaro lOHomw ocxaHexca eme onenB mhoxo. ^ificxBHxejTBHO^ 
cxpaHHoe aBJueflie npe^cxaBJiaexx co6ofl axoxx roHoma, ho^th 
MajiBiHK'B — no rojiaMx, h ^njioco^jb — no yajy h yMCXBeHHOMV 
pasBHxiio. ^IlHCbMO Kx rpa^HHi NN" sacxaBjaexx corjacHTbca 
CB MH'fenieM'B Hb. KHoieBCKaro, hxo BeneBHXHBOB'B 6ujn> pn 
$HJioco(|)iH eoze fiojiie pojK^ieH'B, h^mx jiJin noa.siH. Bo BcaKOML 
CJiyHa-fe Heo6xo;iHMO npaseaxB, 'ixo axo hhcbmo aBJiaexca ojihoh) 
Hsx jiyqniHX'B $HJioco(f)CKHXx cxaxefi na pyccKOMx HSBiKi jia^e 
;i;o Hacxoan^aro epeMeHE. 

^Becfe^ia IIjiaxoHa ex AnaKcaropoMx" xoaie c^iJiajra 6h 
^ecxB JiK)6oMy spijOMy MHCJEHxejiio. Bx nocjii^HeS cxaxbi 
ecxB OAHO jiH)6onEixBoe aiicxo, Koxoparo mh ceS^acx h KOCHCMca. 

') Cip. d9. 



— 17 — 

„Bip& HH^fe, AeaBcaropi, Btpb^, y6*l^aBmeT'E IIjiaTOHfB, „oBa- 
CHOBa 67x6!%, 8Ta dnoxa c^acrifl, BOTopoS ue^TaiOT'B cuepT- 
HQe (soJioTofi b^b'b). HpascTBeHHafl CBo6oj(a Cy^eTi o^d^eh'b 
yjCJ^jnoMi, Bcb nosHaHifl neJioe^Ka coji>h)tc;s bi OAHy H^eK) o 
lejOBtK'fc, BC'fc OTpacJH HayKt cojiEioTca st o;^Hy HayKy cauo- 
nosHanifl. ^to ao BpeMGHH? Haci ;taBHO He cTaneT'B, — ho MeHa 
YTimaeT^ exa MHCotb. YMtMoU topdumcn mthMz, nmo eenpedy- 
smeaAz, u^ imoicemb 6umh^ ycKopuM 6ydyu^e^ ^), 3th cjosa 
BBOAflTi Haci BO „CBaTaa CBaTHX^" noaia. Oh* TBep;^o BipHTx, 
HTO HayKa h ea pasBuxie H;ieT'B pyKa o6i pyKy c% pacmnpe- 
HieM'B HpaBCTBeHHOii CBo6ojm H Cb npHdJiHseHieH'E 6jiameHHofi 
anoxH Bceo6marO cqacTLs, Hosaro bojiotofo B'bKa. Ha rjyGoKO- 
ryHaHHoe nanpaBJieHie ero o6pa8a MHCJiefi yBaBaBaeTi b 3a- 
KjrroieHie ero CTaxoTBOpenia „Ei».iiK)6HTeJiK)MyBiiKH" *), rji'b oh'l 
o6pamaeTca kx HiKOMy JiK)(>HTejrK) ci ero JoaKHHMH h jeraaycK- 
HUHH BOCTopraMii: 

„He TaKi», He xaKt Bocioprrt cboCo;^hhB 
FopHTx Bx cep;^eHHOfl rjyfiHH'fe! 
Kor^a 6t> th snajix, ^tb ain seyKH, 
Rona 6h xa^HBifi hxi flsuBX 
Th qyBCXBOMX njiaMeHHaMX npoHHK'B, — 

Tor^a 6% th ne ateJiajix fijiecHyxb 

JlHqHHo8 cxpacxH ^pHHy3K;^eHHo{l, 

Ho XH 6'h BX yrjiy yejiHHeHHOMX 

TaHJit BcejiK)6amyH) rpyj^B* 

Te61& 6h jioj^h 6uj[}i 6paxBfl, 

Tu Cx BT> xafiHi cjiesH npojHBaji'B 

H Kx HEMX ropania oSxaxba, 

Kaux Apyrx Bce-aeflHofl, npocxnpajix! 

JtojiatHO saMixHTB, qTo npoHsnocHxt KaKoS 6u xo hh 6hjio 
OKOflqaxejiLHHa uparoBopx na^x (J)bjioco4)Ckoio ;^iaxeJrBHOCXbK> 



') Cip. 156. 

^) Cip. 100-104. 



— 18 — 

BeneBHTHHOBa neBOSMosHO. Mu npHcyrcTByeMi, pasfiEpaa ero 
npoHSBeAeHifl, JtHms npn Hapomj^emH sejEBaro TaJiaHxa, be^emi 
jEflib HaHEHaHifl. Ham KaaceTCfl, mosho tojbro npscoeAEHETBCfl 
E'B ME'leiH) coBpeMesBEBOB'B, HTO BefleBETEBOB'b Busasaji'b saMi- 
HaTej^HUE AapoBaeifl. 

?t6 6ii OHi CA^JiaJH Cb HEME, Basi 6h ynoTpefiEj^ ex^b bi 
6jfl,ywfiWh^ seESB^CTBO, — xote mosso nopyHETBca, qio no;^o6sH8 

HeJIOB'iKl, BaRX A- B., npEBUBElifi BX nOCTOEHHOMy yMCTBeSHOMy 

Tpy^y, Bcerxa ociajiCE 6u B'bpeHx ce6i e ne hosbojejix 6u 
sarjyiuETB b% ce6i Buciuee EpESBanie cjyase6suME ejie eeumh 

EaBEME EHTepeCaME. Cl JifiBOJLhEO ^OJKBEIEMX OCHOBaEieMX MOSHO 

6u osEAaiB OTX flero rponaxHaro BJii^Hifl sa xoax namefi m- 
TepaiypBi. Eutb Moserx, ohx npexBOCXETEJx 6u sHaHesie Ei&- 
jiBHCBaro. fio, no cjsoBy HespacoBa, pycadti lemU wdaem 
emmaemz mna^^ fcamopue MaAO otcueytml 



IL 



§zjioco$cieifi KBzrz bi spoBZBitiE. 

$Hjroco<|)CKifl KHHrn bx Kounjh npomjiaro ? panaji'l hu- 
H^niHiiro B^soBx Ha?HHaK)TX y nacB nenaTaTB He toji&ro b's 
<;toj[hhh£ix'b, ho h b'b npoBHHi];iajiBHUX'B ropo;(ax'B. IIo.iiHafl 6n6- 
jiorpa^ifl BC^x'b (j[)njioco(|)CEHX'B bhrfx aa pyccsoM's flsuB^ 
(xoTa 6h 3a nepByio no JOBHHy 3Toro B-lEa) cocTasMeTi noKa eme 
pium desiderium. KepenHCB He CA^jaaa en^e h js^xsl KHnri, H3* 
^laHHuxi B'b CT0JiHi](axi; rl&wh uenie mokho dxoro osB^^aTB ot- 

HOCHTeJIBHO KHHri npOBHRI](iajILH£IX'B, H31^ BOTOpUX'B MHOrifl 

npej^craBJifltoTB co6oio BejiH^aiiniyio p^ahoctb. 

06pa30BaHie wh npoBHHi^iflxx k)thj[OCb, npeHMyn],ecTBeHHo. 
BOKpyri yHHBepceTeTOBx h b^ yHHBepcHxeTCKHXx ropoj^axi. 3a- 
HacTyK) sHHrH nenaTajincB bi yHHBepcBTeTCEBXi THnorpa4)iflXB, 

eCJIH TaSOBEIfl HM'l&JIErCB. 

He JBEieHHiifi sHaHenifl 6ii6jiorpa4)HqecBifi MaTepiaj[:b Ka- 

CaTeJIBHO (|)HJI0C0(|)CSHX'B SHHrr&, H3AaHHHX'B B'B npOBHHIliH, MOaiHO 

OTHCKaTb (no Bpafinefi Md^pi, aji^ Ka3aHH h XapBBOBa) bx o^- 
^Hi^iajibBBixi H3;^aHiflxx: 

1) KaTaJior'B KHHr-B, OTne^axaHHHxx b'b THnorpa(|)iH Hm- 
nepaxopcBaro KasancKaro yHaBepcHxeTa ex 1800 — 1896 r* 
EasaBb, 1896 h 



20 



2) K. 4Mltmhj HcTopsKO-craracnneGBafl sanncBa 061^ 
HMnepaTopcsom XapBROBCKOicE yHHBepcHTeri h ero saBeAemflxx 
on ocHOBasifl yHKBepcHrera ko 1859 r., XapBBOBi, 1859^ r^t 
npHBe;[eHii cb^^x^hui h sHHraxi, HaneqaraHEHxi vh XapB- 
BOBCKoS yHHBepcHTeTCsofi THnorpaj^iH. 

no dTHMi n&jLBmsok'h (xoT2 H He Bcerxa (tb xocxaTOHHOK^ 

TO^HOCTBK), 0C06eHH0, HTO EacaeTCfl XapBSOBCKHX'B SHHrB) MOSHO 

npocJiiXHTB (!B[6jiorpa4^iK> 4^hioco^ckhxi shhitb, BEimeAniHX'B m> 

CB^TB B% RasaHH H XapBKOBi, H OTOenaTaHHHX'B Bl yHHBep- 
CHTOTCKHXl THHOrpaj^iflXl. 

CoAepsaHie bthxi coHEHeeiS h opHrHHaJBHUxi, h nepeBox- 
Bux'B xoBOJiBHO pasfiooOpaattoe. CHaiaia bto no^Ts HCuioHHTejiBHo 
o4>4^B[i^iajBHUfl HsxaHifl, BHSBaeHHfl ciysetfeiiMH o6cToaTejiBCTBauB 
(pivH Ha asT^, xHCcepxai^in h t. h.) ho hotomi OKasEiBaEoicfl 
y;&e h i^MOCioaiejiBHue Tpyxu* 

CoHHHeHia AaxHpyioTca mhok) noyKasaHHUM^ HCTO^iBBKaMB 
c% 6yKBa.iBBOio touoctbk) h ci yBasanieM'B CTpaHHi];^ hcto4- 
HUKa. XapBSOBcape Hsxanie ne yKa3HBaeTi> ^ncjia cxpaHHi^'B 
KHBri d He iBcerxa xohho fipHBOAHXi 3ar4aBifl; HHor^a sarjiaBk 
neuT^ioxca bb .n^peBOx^, a ^aMHJiiH xpaHCCKpH^npyipxcH. 

HapHAy CB pycCiBHMH ne^axajiHCB bb yEHBepcHxexcRHXB 
x]3aorpa(|)iflx% h ({)HJiOiCO^CKifl BHHra na JiaxHHCGOH'B, ^pani^yB- 
CKOM'B B H'&Hei^BOMB asuBaxi— FJiaBHBiMB o6pa30Mx, npo<|)ec- 
copaMH-flHOCxpaHaaMH, noKa xasoBBte en^e bo^hjihcb bb XapL- 
ROB'6 H KaBaHH. 3xH SHHrH bb 6oj[BmHHCXB^ cjynaeBx se vKa- 
saHU Bi HHOCxpaHHEixi 6E6jiiorpa4)iax'B 4>b-30Cq^cshxi> EHHrx^ 
a noxony nepeneHB hxb nocjy^HXB xoao;[HeHieMX nocji^XHHXB. 

HuxenpHBexeHEHfl sHHrH ne bc% dnjrH cocxaBJieHH cae- 
i^iaJiBCxaMH-npeACxaBHxejiBMH ^Hjroco4)iH, hjih a^e hx'b yqeHB- 
BaMH. Bi HHCJ'fe aaxopoBX ^nrypapyioTX KaKx npo^eccopa 
xpyrHXB npe^MexoBi,- xanx h nocxopoHnie yHHBepcHxexy Jiai^a. 
^TO Kacaexca cnei^iaJHCxoB'B, xo bx pocnHct pa^H dojihoxh 

0608p'6Hifl HXX X^iaXeJIBHOCXH BRJIK)HeH£r B Tk XpyXH HX'B, ROE 

He HMi}K)XB npBMOro oxHomeHia bi ^^EJiocoij^iE. 



XapbKOB^. 

1805 r, 

np. PnmcKa ro p^hb: ^061 HsamHEixx HCKyccTBaxx*. 

CTp. 138. 

Up. Bajuareni ;^e Bajuno pi^b: Qu'on doit se pre- 
parer par retude des sciences au maniement des armes et al- 
lier la philosophie h I'art des combats. 

1806 r. 

lip. PsscKaro p'j^hb: ^0 nosHaniH, CBofiCTBeHHOMi 
Boo6pa»eHiH)". *- - *-  - ' 

'^ np. inaia p^hb: „0 BepxoBHofl nijuat ^ejioBi^ecTBa^. 

np. UlyMjflHckaro p^^b: ^0 (j^HSHHecRHxi cnoco6axrb 
shshh". CTp. 139. 

PnatCBaro BeeieHie bx Kpyrx cJiOBecHOCTH. 

„ " OnHTX pHTOpHKH. 

.. - • • -. . . 

1807 r. 

PnscEaro P^hb o sasflTiflxx yHEBepcHTexa bi 1805 
H 1806 r, ^ 

BaJuieHX ;^e BaJiJiK) pi?B: Sur 1' Education publique 

iJompar^e a T education priv6e. 

. . . « 

OcHHOBCKaro p^hb: „0 npocTpaHCTB-i h BpeMenH*. 



/ 



— 22 — 

KoDHTapa P'6hb: De nexu studii medicinae cum studio 
philosophiae. 

m a ;( a De vi philosophiae in reliquis scientiis. 

1808 r. 

P H 2R c s a ro p^hb: cocTOflme cjaeflHCKaro asHsa bi 
XpeBHifl BpeMeua. CTp. 140. 

THMKOBCsaro pin: upBM'iHeHiH SHauift r'b coctoa- 
j BiK) H n^Avi rocyxapcTBa. 

JlBo6a p4Hb Ueber den Einfluss der Universitftten auf 
die Cultur und den Wohlstand eines Volkes. 

^erypoBa pi^b Critique et defense de Fhistoire. 

1809 r. 

PuscKaro pi^b: „0 tomi, ?to BHEMaxejiBHoe ynpas- 
Henie bx poccifiCBOifB cjiOBi BnyinaeTi Jifo6oBB ei OTeneCTBy^'^ 

H u t h p^hb: De eruditorum gloria. 

CTOfiBOBEH'B. Ha^aJIBHHfl OCHOBauifl yMOSpHXe^lbHOB H 
OUEITHOft (|)H3HBH. 

1810 r. 

IlaBB ;^e Cobhhbh p'j^^b: ^0 CTeneeH coBepmeHCXBa, 
BOTopyH) npio6p^TaK>T'B HOJio^^ne Jiiojija, o6oero nojia otx yupa- 
acHeHifl Bi HSfln^Huxi HCsyccTBaxx. cxp. 141. 

Jacob Grundriss der allgemeinen Logik far die Gymna- 
sien des russischen Reiches. cxp. 142. 

1811 r. 

Rommel pi^B De eruditionis verae ac perfectae vi et 
praestantia. 



— 23 — 

lUaxi. Institntiones logicae. 

H'^Mei^Bafl xpHCTOMatifl, cocTaaieHHafl no nopy^eflix) CoBtia 
yHHsepcHxeTa ina;(OM'B h PoMiceJieM'B. 

1812 r. 

[II a A a pi^s: ^0 tomi, hto bx Hun^mHee Bpeiifl oceo- 
BaTeiLHoe HsyHeme ^emco^ivl secbMa Hy»HO". cip. 143. 

JleETopx BopseHEOB'b. ^mmecKowh BOcnHTaniH 
jiTeH M BJiiflHiH ero na yMCToeeHoe h HpaBCTBeeHoe coctoa- 

Hie HXl. 

CpesneBCRaro p^m>: npoHCxos^eHiH h npHHHH'6 
pasjHHifl ;^apo6aHifi b% Aio^ax'b. 

P e ft T a pi^B: Geist der literSrischen Cultur des Orients 
und Occidents. 

AAbiOHBTa R a j[ B B a y Introdnctio ad stadia medica. 

THMKOBCKaro. OnuTHuft cnoco6'B bi (|)hjioco(|)h^c- 
CBOMf nosHaniK) pocciftcsaro asuBa. 

TIpo^ojiseHie H'^^nei^Bofi xpeCTOMaTiH. 

1813 r. 
OcHnoBCBaro pim: ^0 XHsaif EqecBoS CHCTexi RaHxa^ . 




 laiii M u rn * ' 



CxofiBOBEHX. CflCTeMa (|)n3HBH. CTp. 144. 

npo4). R H H r H H i. PascyaB^eHie o Me;[JieHHOM'B rop'^Hitf, 
cocTaBjiflion^eM'B oprasHqecByK) a^hshb. 

OBOHHanie HiMen;Bofi xpHCTOiiaTiH. 

M. T. C i c e r n i s opera philosophica ed. Rommel. 

1814 r. 

in a ;( a piHD De libertate Europae vindicata. 



— 24 — 

AAiroHKTi ^y^ponnqx Dc philosophiae genuine con- 
ceptu nee non necessitate ejus absoluta. 

m a ;i[ a Philosophia juris sive jus naturae purum. 

cxp. 145. 

1815 r. 

Pi^H ina;ia, JI^y^poBHia h ;i;p. na xop/KecTBeHHOMi 
aKxii yHEBepcHxexa. 

Mar. FeBJinqa h KoBajieBCKaro Auccepxai^iH na 

pyCCKOM'B flSEIR'b. 

m a A a JlaxRHCRafl xpHCxoxaxia. De viris illustribus 
Romae etc. 

KpaxKoe o6o3p']^Hie HpaBCXBeHHOfi <|)H3ioJioriH (?) 

cxp. 146. 
PnxopHBa sa jaxHHCBOMi flsuBt (?). 

1816 r. 

AA'biOHKxa ApxaurejiBCRaro pt^B ^0 to^huxi eay- 
Baxx> • 

M H 3 B 0, AHp. Enax. thmh., ptHb: „0 BJiifleiH 3aE0Ha 
Bo/Riji fla spaBCXBeuHoe odpaaoBauie ^ejLOB'bRa,^ . cxp. 147. 

KaH^^ffAaxa rpnueBBqa. nepeBo;^^ m% Uai^t^poua „ 
ecxecxB* fioroBx". 

1817 r. 

IIpo$. KaMencKaro pinB: „0 Ka^eexBax'B wCparo ea- 
cxaBHHKa''. cxp. 148. 

npO$. COBHHBH pi^B „06t> H3flIHH0MX" (fla JiaX. fl3.). 

KaH;c. FpHHeBHHa. ncpeBo;^^ nepBofi pt^H U^HE^epoHa 

npOXHBl KaXHJlHHlI. 

yqaxejia JI lo 6 o b c b a r o. JIoraBa hjh yMoyHenie. 



_ 25 — 

1818 r. 

y^sxeifl EcHKopcRaro p^u: ^0 eABHCtBeHHOff 

flJB BepXOBHOfi TSfkjLlH npocB^iiieHifl ^ . CTp. 149. 

FpHHeBEHa. nepeBo;(T hsi I]|Hi](epoHa P'6hh sa ctuxo- 
TBopi^a Apxiji. 

Co^HHeeia h nepesoAu ciy^eBiowh XapbROBCsaro yHHBep- 
iSHTeTa. 

1819 r. 

npo^). ^acyHsoBCRaro jp^n: ^061 HBan^Hfixx HCRyc- 
CTBax^ y FpeROBi h BJiiaHiH hxi ea HpaBCTB^fiBocTB*'. 

CoHHHeHifl H nepeBOAH CTy^teHTOBi XapBROBCRaro yHHBep- 
CHTeTa. cip, 150. 

1820 r. 

r 

Co^HHeHifl B nepeeoAu CTy;ceHTOBi Xap&ROBCRaro yHEBep- 
CHcieia. 

1821 r. 

IIpo(|). naBJOBCRaro pins: „0 BipoaTHOCTH**. 

CTp. 151. 

A;ilK)HRTa ^HJIOMaOHTCRarO p%?E>: ^Otfl HCXHHHOfi 

iltjiH ofipasoBaHia neaoB^Ra nocpe;[CTBOMi HayRH h H8an][H£ix% 

HCKYCCTBt**. 

1822 r. 

PnacRaro. BBe;teHie bx Rpyrx caoBecHOCTH. 
Ero ace. Oiihtx phtophkh. 

1824 r. 

Dpo^). MoTHaeBCRaro. PaxopHRa. cip. 152. 



.- 26 — 

1825 r. 

npo$. Eoropo^Hi^Raro ptqi> „0 <|)H3e[?ecB0M'B bocuh- 
Tama ;[4Teft". 

1826 r. 

AAiiOHSTa SaTenjEflfiCBaro p'b^b „ 06% ycn'i^xaxs 
yiia Bx acTpoHOMm". cxp. 153. 

1880 r. 

npo4^. BeHejKHKTOBa pt^b „ xnHaHHqecKOMi cnoco6i 

;H8'BJicHeHifl o6paaoBaHifl ABJEeHifi opraHH^ecKofi s&hshh^. 

CTp. 1 54. 

1882 r. 

IIpo^. ^aeoBa h ^opaa p'J&^H Ha lopm. anx^ yeHS. 
L u c i a n i libellus de somnio ed. prof. M a u r e r. 

1888 r. 

IIpo^. CxenaHOBa pi^B „0 cyn^HOCTH, BamHOCTB h 
HasHaiemH nojETHnecEHXi Haysx''. crp. 155. 

Mar. FpuH^epra j^HCcepxaiJ^ifl. 

AA'BH>BKTa HI H X a ;(HCcepTai][ifl n^6^ yj[y«inieHiH cnoco6a 
apenoj^aBanifl HCTopin". 

1884 r. 

AA'BK)HBTa JlKHMOBa P'^HB „0 BpaCHOpi^iH^. 

1839 r. 

npo^. KajieHHHeHBa p'J^^B „0 BJiiflHmBOspacTOBi^e- 

JOB'^qeCROfi mH3Hn Ha yMCTBeHHUH E HpaeCTBeHHUfl C^0C06H0CTH^ 

crp. 157. 



— 27 — 

A;txH)HKTa MexjiHHCKaro AHCcepTa^la. „0 cymeociB 
i^HBHJiHsailiH H SHaneHiE en ajiejceaTOBB^. 

1841 r. 

npo^). npoTononoBa p'J^Hb: „ Kasoe co6cTBeHHO m^I^cto 

npHHa^jiesHTi $HJioco(i)iH ei CHCxeMib ABHseHift nejiOB'&iiecTBa, 

onpeA^jflioii^HX'B noJiHyK) C(f)epy ero yMCTBeeHaro pasBHiifl^. 

cip. 158. 

1843 r. 

Aa. MeTjHHCBaro p'^mb: „06i hcthbhojcb sea^ieHiH 
no83ie". cip. 159. 

1846 r. 

OauTu Bx coHHHeHiflXi cryAeHTOBx XapbKOBCEaro yHHsep- 
CHTeia. CTp. 161. 

1847 r. 

YqHTejifl KoBaHBRH. CrapuHHafl noc^OBei^a bo b'^ket h& 
CJIOMQTCH, ujiQ onuTBUfl ocHOBaeiH caMo6iiTHaro pyccKaro ea- 
poAKaro MyApocAOBia. cxp. 162. 

Tose BO II II3A. B'B 1848 r. cip. 163. 

1850 r. 

Yhht. RoBaHbKH. IIonuTKa HO niiTRa, cnpocx He 6tAa, 
HJH nojiHoe HSJOTEeHie ocHOBaeifi caMotfuTHaro pyccKaro eapoA- 
Haro MyApocJOBifl. CTp. 164. 

1857 r. 

H. U^iiTOBHHa. IIpeAMeTusa, eayBa 061 ycTpoficTB'6 h 
ABHseeiH yiicTBeHHEixx cnoco6HOCTefi. CTp. 168.. 




»■■ m ' '»• >■ ^1 



KasaHb. 

1818 r. 

Ha?aj[BHu8 Kypcx {^Hjoco^^iQ. ConsHeHie F. CnejiASi. 
€1 H'6Mei](Raro aa poccificsifi nepesejiH s cb h'^kotopumh npn- 
MiqaaijiMH h npaCaBJieHiaMH HSAajnH HMnepaiopcRaro Kasaucsaro 
ysHBepcHTeTa aA'BK)HRT£i: yM03pHTe;rbBofi h npaRTHqecRofl ^^e- 
jioco^^iu AjieBcaH^^pi Jly^RHH'L h nojiHTHqecRoS dROHOMie 
H HCTopHHecRHxi HayRx IleTpi K H ;^ H p e B 1. 8^. IlaTi. 
Hacxeli: 1-ji dMnHpHHecRaa Dcuxojioriji hjih HafijiiOAaTejibHoe Ay- 
niecjiOBie, 134 cxp., 2-fl jiorHRa h RpaxRaa MeTa({)fl3HRa, 132 cip.; 
3-a BCTeiHRa hjih RpHXHRa BRyca, 78 cxp., 4-a HpaBoyqenie h 
npaBO ecTecTBeHHoe, 134 cip., h 5-fl HpaBCTBeHHoe Bipoyqenie 
vi o6o3p']&Hie HCTopiH 4>HJ0C0(|)iH, 56 cxp. ^acTn 3, 4, 5 BumjH 
Bi 1814 r. cxp. 3. 

1815 r. 

PascymAenie xomx, bosmohcho jib HpaBoy^efiiK) A9,n 
xeepAoe ocHOBaBie HesaBucBMO oxi pejieriH. A. JI y 6 r h h a. 
4^5 40 cxp. cxp. 7. 

Cjeobo BBiroAaxi, Roxopufl AoexaBjaeT'B rocyAapcxsy yn- 
pasRHesie b'b nayRaxi, roBopeaHoe no ciywio roAn^naro xop- 
;KecxBa, y^pea&AeHHaro bi BOcnoMKHaaie oxRpuxia Hiinepaxop- 
cRaro KasaHCKaro yeBBepcaxexa, loan. $eA. 3 p A m a h a, nepes. 
ci jiaxHHCRaro I. CpesHeBCRifi. cxp. 8. 



— 29 — 

Oratio de fructibus ex litterarum studio in rempublicam 
redondantibas in memoriam anniversariam inaugurationis 
Caesareae litterarum universitatis Casanensis die V mens, 
lul. A. 1815. habita a Prof. Erdmann. cxp. 7. 

1816 r. 

PiHB BT> BosCya^eHiH cxpacxefi (?). Coh. TyjibCKofl ccmh- 
uapiH pHTopHBH yHeHHBa ID^eneTeBa. 

Cjiobo noji>3']k MaTeiiaTURH, roBopenHoe a. o. upo({). 
HBBoibCKBM'B. 4^. 29 — 58 cxp. 

EcxecTBCHHoe npaBO, coAepacan^ee b% ce6i 1) CoCcxBeHHo, 
Tasi HasuBaeMoe ecxecTBeHHoe npaeo ^ncxoe, 2) IIpaBo npn- 
uajiHoe, T. e. npaso nacxBoe, nyCjuH^Hoe h Hapo;^Hoe, $. X. 
PefinrapAa. IlepeB. cb jiaxHHCK. HBani. CuqyroBT). 8^ 
124 cxp. 

Pascyat^^enie o BOsCyatAeniH cxpacxefi, coHUHeHHoe a roBO- 
peHHoe npH oxxp^xjuxx HcnuxaHiflX'B no KJiaccy cjiOBecHocxii bi 
TyjifcCKOfi ceMHHapiH ynenHKOMT. cjiOBecnocxH BacHJuieMx lU, e- 
neTOBBiMt iioM 1815 r. 8^ 31 cxp. (cM.BHmej cxp. 9. 

EcxecxBCHHoe nacxnoe, nyfijiHTOoe h napojiHoe npaso. Ile- 
peBOAx ex H-feMOAK. I. X. *BHKe, 8^ XII 4- 312. 



1817 r. 

Pa3cy»AeHie o pasHMxi cncxeMaxi npaBoyqema, cpaBnee- 
Hfiixi no HX^ Ha^ajali'B, roBopenfloe a. npo^. Ioch(j[)Omt> 
CpesneBCKHM-B. 4^ 28 cxp. cxp. 10* 

P4% nojBBi MaxeMaxHKH, rOBopeHnaa bx xopas. co6p.' 
Kasan. ynnB. 5 iioM 1816 r. npo$. Hhko;ii>ckhmi (cm.. 
1816 r). 



— 30 — 



1818 r. 



Mopajib BJH npaBHJia HpaBCTBCflHOCTB, QCHoeaHBUfl ea npn- 
poi'6 qejiOBisa, ^SMByu^aro bi o6uiecTBi^. Hs^aJii Kapj'b 
€ eHTi-A H^ipe. 12^ 29 cxp. 

Ha^epTame MCTa(I)i]3HBH, coi. npo^^. JlydKHea, ?. I. 

cxp. 11. 

1821 r. 

Cjiobo AOCTOHHCTBi II Baa\HOCTH BOcnHxania h npocsi- 
lueeifl, ocHOBaHHuxTi Ba vi^i xpHCTiaBCROfi. VI&Hh upo^. Hh- 
KOJibCKaro. 12^ 04 cip. CTp. 12. 

1828 r. 

PascyacAeBie o uerei^mviK^ Bc^HCJieBifl 6e3KOBe^Bux:E, co?. 
K a p B T a. Hep. B. in h m a r? k a r o. 4^ cip. 14. 

ItacBJiiji BaascHOBa. Vli^h o Beo6xoi(HMOCTB qreHifl 

SBBF'b Cb. IlHCaBifl H ^peRHMXl CB. 0TI1(0B1» I^epRBB^ BpOHSHe- 

ceBBafl Bi> TopxecTBesBeMT* co6paQiH HMnepaTopcRaro RaBaH- 
CKaro yBHBepcHTera 7 iiobh 1823 r. 12^ 41 crp. 



1825 r. 



KpaTRafl p^Hb Ei> RasaHCKOuy yBUBepcHTeTy, BpoBSflecen- 
flaa IIOBeHHTCJieMi onaro (MarBBURBifB) bi BaRJiioqeBie By6- 
jB^Baro aRTa bi BucoROTopsecTBeBBufi ^CBb noifasaHiA aa 
i^apcTBO Ero HMnepaxopcRaro Bejia^ecTBa, 15 ceBTfl6pfl 1825 
ro^a. 8M6 cxp. cxp. 15. 

OoBcaBie TopacecxBa, 6uBuiaro ri KaaaBCROMii yHHsepcH- 
xext 15 ceBxafipa. 8^, 152 cxp. Vera philosophia Religioni 
Christianae non repugnat. 20 cxp. 

1826 r. 

P£qb, BpoBBBeceBsaa r. IToBe^HxejieMX MBxaHJioMi Mar* 



— 31 — 

HBABHM'b B'B TopmecTBeHHOMi co6paHiH EasaHcsaro yHnBepcu- 
TeTa 17-ro flHsapfl, ycxaHOBJieBBOMi no aiyiaio Biiconafime 
jiapoBaHHHXx B^ cefi ji^euh HHCTpyKAifi JUnpeKTopy h PeKiopy. 
8^ 11 cxp. cip. 16. 

1881 r. 

CoHHfleHifl H iiepeBOAu bi npos'i h CTHxax'E F p h r o p i a 
r p ;c q a H H H B a. 8^, 552 cxp. cxp. 18. 

HcxopH^ecBoe onHcaeie naMflXHHBa, coopyaceHHaro bi boc- 
nouHBaHie ydiefiHuxi npH BSflxin EasaoH bohhobi na 3HJiaH- 
TOBOfi ropi. Coi. apxHJcaHApflxa F a b p i h j a. 8^. 25 cxp. 

To sRQj HSAame 2-e cl pHcyHBaMH h cl npH^aBjemeMX 
cjosa ea jienh Bsaxiji EasaeH i^apeMi loaHHOm BacubeBBqeMx 
FposBuifB, roBopeHHaro FaBpinjiOMi. 12^, 45 cxp. 

1882 r. 

HcxopnKO'Bpdxn^iecBiS bsfjia^'b ea ^HJioco(|)iK>. IlepeBeAeHO 
Cl ^pana. F. ropo;^qaHHHOBHM'E. 12®, 55 cxp. 

cxp. 19. 

1833 r. 

HcxopHHecBoe onHcanie naMflXHHBa, coopyseHHaro bi boc- 
noMHHaHie ytiieHHuxx nps bsaxIh EasanH boiihob% na 3HjraH- 
TOBofi rop4. Apx. FaBpiHja. 8^ 95 cxp. cxp. 20. 

Cjobo B'B A^Hb BSflxifl EasaecBaro i^apcxBa loaHHOMx Ba- 
CHjibeBBqeifx FposHUMi uo ocBflmeeiH xpava, coopyseHHaro bi 
naHaxBHB'6, roBopoHHoe FaBpinJOHi 2 obx. 1832 r. 12^ 
21 cxp. 

HcxopHqecBoe onBcanie EasancBaro YcneHCBaro Bxopo- 
xjiaccBaro SHJtaHXOBa MOHacxHpa. ApxHM. F a b p i e ji a. 8^ 
54 cxp. 



— 34: — 

Oi^exx HMnepaT. Easae. jhhb. C 6 o e b a. 4^ 41 cip. 

Cjeobo Ha A^Hb IIpecBflTHfl Boropo;i;BA£i, roBopeHHoe Ba- 
CTOBTejieM'B EasaH. BiopoRJiaccHaro ycneHCKaro SiiJiaHTOBa mo- 
HacT£ipfl npeno;(aBaTej[eM'L 6orocjiOBCKnx% h ^ejioco^ckhxi 
HayB'B npH UnnepaTopcBOMi Easan. ysHB. apx. raBpinjoMx, 
12^ 12 CTp. 

Cjobo Ha AeHb posAeHia Ea BejiH^ecxBa Focy^iapuBH 
HvnepaTpHi^ii AjeBcaH^tpii OeoiopoBHU. Apx. F a b p i n ji a. 
16^ 8 CTp. 

1844 r. 

H. CBaHAOBCKaro: 06^ OTJinniax^E xhbothoB srme^ 
OT'h njiacTHHCCKOft. CTp. 34. 

B e p B H. OTpuBBH Esx .sanBCOK^b nyTemecTBeHHHBa. 

upeAJe;RaTe.ii>Ho8 peajibHOCTH nosBaeifi ?e.noB']t?ecBBX'B. 
CCoeBa. 8^ 72 CTp. (bi 1845 r. cp. CTp. 36). 

IIoHflTie KepEOBHOifB npaB^ h ero ncTopin. Apx. Fas- 
pi a j a. 8^ 32 CTp. 

Ero a e. HcTopifl BOCTOHsofi ^Hjioco^iH. 

Ero s e. ncTopiji poccifiCKoS ^^HJioco^^iii. 

OxHeTi Hmh. EasaH. yHHB. n y?e6Haro OBpyra 3a 17 ji. 
Ch 1827 r. no 1-e ahb. 1844 r. CocTaBjieHx opahh. npo(j). 
^oftrTOMX, 8^ 512 CTp. CTp. 35. 

1846 r. 

P^Hb 8Ha?eHin BH^niEOCTH ^eJiOB^sa (npn o6o3piBiQ 
npeno;^aBaHia) 4^ CTp. 37. 

1847 r. 

Pi% npH OTKpHTiH naMflTHHKa F. P. ^epaaBHHy. Apx. 
FaBpiHja. 8^ 7 CTp. cip. 38. 



— 35 — 

06% OTJiH^iflxi njacTHqecKoB ssqshh oti shbothoS. Opx- 
aipo$. C s a H jK B c R a r 0. 8^. 22 CTp. (ot;(. otthcri hs'b 
^y^eHfiix^ 3anHC0Ki Ka3. yeHs." 3a 1847 r. kh. I, cxp. 81 — 
100). 

De Politia Timaeo Critia, ultimo platonico ternione, libro- 
ram de legibus praecipua ratione habita. Scr. C. V. T h o r- 
^ewski. 8®. 88 cip. (otjj. ott. Hst ^YqeH. 3an. Kas. yHHB.* 
3a 1847 r, kh. II. CTp. XII+188. cip. 39. 

Ottoti cocTOflHiH yHHBepcHTexa. B. C 5 o e b a. 4®* 
32 cip. 

1848 r. 

< 

Oxierx cocTOaniH ynHB. sa 1847 — 48 r. C 6 o e b a. 
4^ 32 cxp. 

Apx. r a b p i n Ji a. Ha oxEpuiie 6aHKa h xona eenMy- 
n^Bxi, npecrap^jux^E h yB'j^HHUxx rpas^tan-B. 

Prolegoinena in encyclopaediam et methodologiam medi- 
<i\nM. r. I. B Ji o c 4> e J t A a. 8^ cxp. 40. 

1850 r. 

Oxvexi cocxoflHiH Kasan. yanB. bx 1849 h 1850 aRai. 
roxaxi. CCoeBa. 4^ 38 cxp. cxp. 43. 

IIoyqflxejiBBUfl ciOBa. 2 qacxQ. Apx. F a b p i a ji a. 8^ 
191 cxp. 

Ooosp'ikHie oaBnuxx Benocpe^^cxBeHHux'B npHHHH'B h yc- 
JOBiil (Suxifl HSEi3Hn oprannsMOBX. JeHxOBCEaro. 

1852 r. 

Oxqexs o cocxofldn GasaHCRaro ynnB. sa 1851-^52'aR. r., 
tipOB3HeceHHiifi Bx xops. co6p. 5 ORX. 1852 r. AA'BiofiKxa 
B. E ^ j[ H q a. 4^ 34 cxp. cxp. 45. 



— 36 — 

1854 r. 

Pangeometrie N. L o b a t c h e w s k i, 8^. 56 cxp. (otji, 
OTT. H3i flYi. 3an. Ka3. ynHB." sa 1855 r., kh. I, cxp. 1 — 56). 

cxp. 48. 

1855 r. 

Oiqexi cocToaniH Hmh. Kas. yHHB. sa 1854 — 55 yqe6- 
HuS ^o;^x, coct. op^. npo$. H. H b a h o b h m *• 8^ 89 cxp. 
Co;^. p4qB H. H. B y Ji H H a: SnaHenie IlyfflEHHa bx Hcxopia 
pvccKofi JiHxepaxypu (BBeAenie bi HsyneHie ero coHHeeHifl) 8^. 
74 cxp., + I HenyM. cxp. cxp. 49. 

1856 r. 

Hscji^AOBaHie ofix HBopojdnaxx KasaHCsofi ry6. BacHJoia 
C6oeBa (JlHCbMa Kipe^. „Ka3aH. FyC. BtjOMOCxefi " y. Hsi. 
KHHronp. ^yCpoBHHa. 8^ 188 cxp. cxp. 51. 

Ero m,e. finxt KpecxBant Kasan. ry6., H3;^. Il-e. 8^. 
36 cxp. 

1858 r. 

$03ioj[orHHecEO-ncHxojiorH?ecEifi cpaBHHxejiBHiifi bsmsa*^ 
Ha Haiajo h KOneni'B mmEu. B. B e p b h. 8^ 83 cxp. 

cxp. 55. 

1861 r. 

BcxynsxejiBHaH JieEuiH bx dHi^HEJioneAiK) h Mexo^oJioriK) 
^^e;^RJ^HBH. O. npo$. r. I. B 4 o c $ e je b ;t a. 8^ 34 cxp. (Qj;c. oxx. 
^^'^ ,y?. 3a3. Kas. yHHB.** sa 1861 r. eh. II, cxp. 82-7^:113), 

cxp* 60.^ 



— 37 — 

1865 r, 

^eKapTx E ero 4)HJioco(|)ia. B. fl. P o jr a h c k a r o. 8^ 
46 cxp. (oTA. OTT. VLS-h „Y^. 3an. Kaaan. yHHB." 3a 1865 r., 
cip. 341—384). CTp. 65. 

1869 r. 

Cjobo h npnpoAa HeJOBiEa. A. H e k p a c o b a. 8®. 35 cip. 

{on. OTT. H31 II E III KB. „IIpaB. Co6." 3a 1869). 

cxp. 78. 



.1 . . * 



III. 

Hsi 6iorpa$iz loaBna niaAa. 

Die Menschengeschichte stellt uns zuwcilem 
Individuen auf, die, gleich der Wasserlilie, auf dunk- 
lem, unreinem Bodea entsprossen uud gewurzelt, ia 
eigner Kraft alle Hindernisse des auf ihnen kstenden 
Elements durchdringen, ihre Bluthenkronen zu einer 
Hdhe heben, wo sie das voile Lxcht der Soane trin- 
ken, ja im reinen Glanze ihres Wesens es wieder 
ausstrahlen k5nnen, wahrend sie xnYmer noch mit 
einigen Fftden desselben an der dunkein Tiefe ihrer 
Geburtsstatte Mngtn; welche Fadea auch nicht eher 
reissen, als bis ihr lichtvollerer Thei? sich gSnzIicb 
aus seinen irdischen Formen l5st. 

(Neuer Nekrolog, 54, I. S. 34) 
I. B. Schad. 

loaRHi inaxi, Cirjufi 6eHeAHSTHHCKifi MOHaxi PoiiaHi, 
nepBuB npo^eccopi 4^HJioco<]^iii npn XapbRoecKOHi yoHBepcH- 
TeTi, o^eHb HRTepecHafl jh^hoctb, ae pas^E yse cjiysHjn ifit 
pyccxofl y^eHofl .iETepaTyp'6 npexMeroMi HSCJii^^OBaHifi. noMHxa 
cn6it]a.iEHaro Tpyxa, HCxopiH XapBKOBCKafo ynnBepcHTera, 06- 
pa6aTiiBa6M0fl npo4>. EatcunbeMz^ r^i HeoAHospaTHO ynoKHHancir 
niaxi, H cxaTEH C. FoxoHKOAO Bx ero „$hjioco^ckomx ^ex- 
CHSOHi* *)y HSB^CTHii 611^6: MOHorpaj^ifl H. A. JlaepoecKoup 



») ToMi IV. BunycKi 11, KieBi 1873 r., crp. 170, 171 



— 39 — 

^daesoj^i hsx ncTopiu XapbROBCRaro yHHBepcnTeTa'', ta^ pas- 
CRasaea na ocHOBaHie AOsyMeHxoB'B vcTopia yxaJieHifl IIIaAa^ 
oil AOJiiBMoeTB pyccRaro npo<]^eccopa, a xauLe nepejihuo coj^epauiHie 
Tpy;(a niaxa, soTopuS nocJiyxsJi^E Tony npHiHHoS, u cxaiBJi 
6. j1. SeAencnopcKaio (oahofo h3x npeeMHHKOBX lUaxa no Ka- 
ee;(pt ^), r^'^k noApo6HO pa3o6paH£i H^EOTopufl co^HHeBia ma^a, 
HanHcaHHHfl hmi bi XapbROBCsifi nepioA^ ero shshh. 

HaMi yjiajocb otkputb eii^e oahhx hgto^hhsx ;iJ[fl aesHe- 
onHcaHifl I. maAa, a HMeHHO ero aBTo6iorpa^iH) hjih curriculam 
vitae, noMt^eHHufi wh RHnrt Annates Academiae Jenensis. 
Edidit Henr. Carolns Abr. Eichstaditcs. Volumen primum 
continens historiam instaurationis academiae vitas doctorum 
actaqne et scripta a. c. n. MDCCCXXI. Jenae in libraria 
Croekeria, 1823. dxa aBTo6iorpa4>ifl9 soTopoio, noBHABMOicy, 
HHSTo eujfi He nojiBBOBaJiCfl, aobojibho jH>6onnTHa, h6o man 
3j(iiCB He pasx BHCKasuBaer^b CBofi BsrjiflA'B na cboh) shshb h 
pasHiifl nocTHraBmifl ero neBsroxH , a Tasse h na ctojl 
6jecTfln^e Haqaiyio, ho ctojb nec^acTHO OKOH^iiBniyiocfl xapBepy 
Bi PocciH. ABTo6iorpa(t)ifl aaHHiiaeT^B bx osHaneHHofi KHHrb 
(in 4^) cxp. 67 — 70; BXHefi nepeqacJieHU noApoCno xpy^H ero. 
MfiE npHBOj^eifx BA'i^CB no^xH i^'j^jihromi dxy aBxo6iorpa4>iK> bi 
nepeBo;^^ ci yjnepsameifB naHCojite xapaRiepHCXHHHiix'B jsaxHH* 
CKExx uicTh noAJtHHHHRa. niaA'B ^HCJiHTCfl BA^CB B% YIII rjiaB^: 
Professores philosophiae extraordinarii. Joannes Schad, philos. 
D. et prof. publ. extraord. 



^) Bonpocu ^Jijoeo^ii a Dcixojioriv, 3a 1895 roAi, KHira 2 (27), crp. 
160—169 H KHira 5 (30), cip. 574—591. npo(|). 6. A. BejeHoropcxid nojisso- 
Bajicfl V cTHTbeiD ForoiiKaro, coHHHenie ROToparo ohi> HenpasajibHO i^iTHpyeTi 
He tjeKciKOHOHi>», a «GjoBapeHi>> (crp. 162), TorAa KaRi yrorouRaro aroABa 
padHue TpjAa. 



— 40 — 

^PoAHJica a, roBopHTi lEajii, bx 1758 r. b-b jepeBHi 
Marsbach 6jih3I> BaM6epra; uo'A poxh — seMJienannj^u h MeiiBHQED 
(pistoriae rei). HBynaJix humaniora h ^EJioco^^iK) ei Torj^ameeMx 
BaMfieprcKOM^ yHHsepcHTeTfe. B% 1777 ^o;^y npHHaTi* b-l opjieni 
6eHe;(HBTBHi^eB'B bi BHaMeHHTOMi MOHacTLip'6 Baum. 3a'£cb 
OHflTb saHHMajicfl ({)Hjioco^ieK) 2 ro;^a, BpoM^ Toro, 6orocjioBieM'B 
H npaBawH 5 j^t^; mohmh pyKOBo;^HTeJrflMH Cktjih HjiB^^eij^OHCB 
Uleapuz H Be;i[a Iwdemz. Ho OKOH^asiH saHaTiS cji'bjmjicsi 
CBflmeHHHEOMX H nponoB-fe^jHHKOMX (oratoF sacer). B% 1788 r. 
npH noc^n^emH MOHacTBipa BHpTeB^eprcsiiM'L npHHu^eM'L KapjEOMi- 
EBrcHieMx a jjepaiaji pi^B h noJiyiHJix otx Hero nperjiameeie 
HcnojiHaTb jiOASRROCTh npHjiBopnaro nponoB'6;iHHKa (concionatoris) 
B'b UlTyTrapA'^ bi ero aula. Ho a OTKasajica otl npurjaineHifl 
no coB^Ty $paHn;HCKa-JlH);(BHra, EHasa BaM6eprcBaro n Bfopi^- 
6yprcBaro, BOTOpHfi o6%uiSkXh mh'6 nepsyK) BasaHciio Ha no;(xo- 
;(fln^yK) npo^eccypy bx cbohxi ynHBepcnTexaxx: jh6o b:b BaM- 
fieprife, jih6o bx Biopi^fiypri. Ho KHaBs yMepx panbrne, ^4mi 
HCHOJiHHJi'B CBoe o6iai,aHie. Ho c&iepTH HjiBAe4>0Hca ElBapi^a, 
npo4)eccopa ^Hjoco^^ie bi HonaCTupi Bani^x, a nocTynsji'B na 
ero iiicTO o^yiaTB MOJO^mxi uoHaxoBi $hjioco<|)Cbhm'b HayBaMi. 
Ho sa j[H6epajiBHKifi o6pa3X MUCJiefi, odHapyaceHBufi h b-b npe- 
nojtaBaHlH, h bt> coHHHemax'B cbohx'b, no^^naji'B HeHaBHCTB 
(odium et invidiam) h npecji^AOBaniK) MonaxoBi h ^ipyrHXi saTO- 
jinqecBHX'B CBan^enHHBOB'B ^). HoaxoMy a cocTaBHJE'B n^sani oc- 

TaBHTB MOUaCTUpB, 9X6 H BEIIIOJIHHJI'B Bl 1798 F. 

noBHHyBx MOHacTBipB, a npa^BiJii bx leny, VA'b nojiyqH.n 
cTeneHB jiOBxopa <|)Hj[oco$iB; no san^nT'l ^^accepxai^iH De nexu 
etc (lena apud Prager, 1799) nojry^HJi'B npHBaT'B-AOi;eHTypy 
(licentia docendi) h npenoAftBajii ^fljroco^iK) ao 1804 r. 

B'B 1804 r. a 6iij'b npHrjameni op;(HHapBHM'B npo^ec- 
copoifB TeopexH^ecsofi h npaKXH^ecBoS i^njiocoi^m bx XapBBOB- 

') Cip. 68. 



— 41 — 

CKift yflHBepcHTeTii ^). Bx tomi »e ro;iy a oxnpaBHJica b^ XaptKOBi 
ciaeHOi^) H ;tByMa a4ti>mh. BilSOTr. MH't nopv'ieHo, KpoM'fe 
^Hjioco^ia, npeno;iaBaHie HiHei^saro ^siiRa h jiBTepaTypii. Bi 
1813 r. no yxoA* npo$. PoMMejiJi, npenojiaBaTe.ia jaTHHCKol! 
jHTepaTypii, h ara BaKaHTHaa ;iojiaiHOCTb 6HJia nepewna coBi- 
TOMT> yEHBepCHTexa MHi cb BHaqHTejifcHHM'B yBeJH^eHieMX row- 
Boro oKjraja. KpoM'fe Toro, 8 j^tl a coctoajii ceKpexapeMx co- 
Btia H ^acTO 6ujn> HasnaiaeifL HjeHOMx Bt yHHBepCHTeTcaoe 
npaBJeme. Bi 1810 r. a npjiy^Hjix ^hhx KOJureaccKaro cobIjt- 

HHKa, KOTOpHfl BT> PoCCIh JiaCTX HOTOMCTBeHHOe ;^BopaHCTBo7 & 

easoHei^'B bx 1816 r. bi. neTep6ypri a 6uji'h y^se npoHSBejcCH'B 
Bi cxaTCKie coBiTHHBH. Ho dTO He cnacjio mshh otl roHenia. 
HiEOTopue j^Fgaau'^j HeeaBHCTb KOTopuxi a naBjesx na ce6a 
P'IssHMH saM^^aHiaiiH (acerbis animadversionibus) bx vohx^b 
co^HDefliax^ OTHocHxejibHO Hanojieoaa h npoTHBi magnam na- 
tionem (t. e. la grande nation) bosbojih Ha Mesa RJieBexy (cri- 
minationibus suis prolatis), ocHOBUBaacb ea mohxx co^HHeei- 
axi, — y HeTepfiyprcKaro npaBHiejiBCTBa (curiae petropolitanae 
administros) h aocthfjeh Toro, hto a 6iiji% yxajieux on hojitR" 
HOCTH 6631 o6i»acBeHia npH^HHi (indicta caussa). H j^o chxi 
nopi (hucusque) a ne uovh ;[o6HTBca, xora nnycTHJx bixojIx 
Bci cpe;^CTBa (omnem movi lapidem), ^itoGei BucjiymajiH moh 
o6iacHeHia npoxBBi t'^x'b BjeBexx. yABBHTe^BHaa, npaeo, Ben^b! 
{Mira sane res). BcKopt nocji Moero ocyai;teHia, nocxaflOBJieH- 
Haro 6e30 BcaKBxi ocHOBanifi (absque ulla allata caussa) nepes^E 



») Cip. 69. 

*) 3to He npoTHBoptHHTi paacKaay PoMMCJifl (Qflib j-feii* etc. CTp. 66) 
I atAyiDmaro emy JlaBpoecKaro (HTeHifl, cip. 32): tnecHacTuuH opaKi, cocto- 
flBmiicfl Bi KypcKt, na nnpyniKli, ci> xenmiiHOK) coMHHTejibHOH penyraitiH h 
CKynoK), He to pyccKOD, ne to ntuKOK), ycKopiJii eroAOMamHK)H>RaTacTpo(i)y». 

KUO Bl TOMB, HTO 3T0 6bIJIB JTRe B T p H OpaKB IDa^a. BB nepBUQ pa3B 0J1B 

xeHHJicH no BbixoA'lb H3B MOHacTupA Ha KOoyprcRon ypoxceBR'lb, bb ROTopyio 
ftHJii BJK)6jeHB emeMOHaxoMB (A. D. B., t. XXX., cTp. 493— 494, CTaTbAoUlaat). 



— 42 — 

HicRO.ibBO M'^cfli^eB'E I],apcTByH>iuafl IlMnepaTpHi](a EjinsaseTa' sa 
Ti 2?e RHKrif, soTopufl <|>paHi^y3H OKJieBeraJTH, npnciiaja mh^ 
;tparoi^'£HHufi noAapoBx co BceMHJiocTHBiSinBM'B nHCbMOMs 
(humanissime script is), bi BOTopoMi oea tobopht-b, hto nsAaH- 
HUfi MHOK) vh PocciH BHHFH HO cysAeHiio j^QBhix'h npeKpacHu 
(praestantes), HpesBEiHafiHO noiesHU ji,m o6ii^ecTBeHHaro noy^eHia 
n laKi cocTaBJieHLi, hto ;^0CTaBflT'B ke^ noxBajy, Tji,^ 6£i va^ 

HE HHXaJIH. 

BosBpaTHBmHCb Hsi PocciH ^) Bi repMamK) bx Hanajii 
1817 r., H npHfiuji'L bx BepjiHHi, ?to6u BecxH cboS npoi^eccs 
(caussam meam) y TaMomHaro pyccKaro nocja. He sejiaa ^apoHi 
TpaTHTB BpeMfl, fl npocHJTB BepjiBHCxifi yHUfiepcHTeT^b nosBO- 
jieniH ^HTaTb 4>HJioco<]^CBifl jrexi^iH n jrerso nojiy^ujix ero. U^*]^- 
jiHfi roA'B fl ^Hxajii Taui^), ho yC'^AHBniEiCb, ?to no CBoeny A'i^jy 
fl ot:e pyccBaro nocjiaHHHBa HHqero ne ;^o6bfacB, bx 1818 r. 
fl BosBpaTHJicfl Ha ciapoe ificTO bi leny, nt bi 1820 r. no- 
jiyqHj'b ;tojia&HOCTB aKcrpaopjiHHapHaro npo^eccopa. Bi Teqesie 
;tByx'b cJitAyion^HX'b ceifecTpoBi a qnTajEi jresi^iH no jorHBi^ 
MeTa<|)H3HB'l, ecTCCTBeHHOMy npaBy h ncnxoJioriH. AiiEiii ce- 
necTp'b 1821 r. ne qHTaji .lesitiH no npH^HH^ s^opoBbJi 
(valetudinis caassa). 



^) Cip. 70. 

^) 3thmi pasp'JbmaeTCfl cnopi nemnY KoJiBonanoBUMb n GyxoHjHHOBUMi; 
nepBUH (Biorpa4>ifl KomeJieBa, I, 2, crp. 299) roBopHTi' «GyxoHJ[inioBi Henpa- 
BHjibRO yTBepHtAacTi, hto IIIaAi, BOSBpaTHBniHCB Hsi PocciH, no pacnojioaceHiD 
ry4)ejiaHAa, nojiyqHJii> Kaeejipy bi> BepjVH'Jb. IIIaAi sanfljii MtcTO npo({»eccopa 
<})Hjioco4)ia Bi> leet*. lUaAb 6biji> h bi Bepjont (ho ne HittJii KaeeApu raii)^ 
H Bi lent (cHanaja onflTb-TaRH ee apo(i)eccopoM'b). 



Cboh coqHHeHifl Illajti nepe^HCJifleii TaRHM'L odpasoM'L: 

A. Bz Eauurb. 

1. Institutio confessionarioram pro sacro tribunal j. Duo 
tomi. Opus ex gallico in latinum translatum. Bambergae. 1787. 

2. Lebensbeichreibungen der Heiligen auf jeden Tag des 
Jabres, aus den reinsten Quellen geschopft and kritisch ge- 
prlift. 2 Bde. Bamberg. 1788—89. 

3. Meine Apologia wegen dieser Schrift in der Mainzer 
Monatschrift von geistlichen Sachen. 1789. 

4. Uebersetzung und Erkiarung der heiligen Schrift al- 
ten und neuen Testamentes, in Gemeinschaft mit Burkard 
Vollert herausgegeben. 18 Bande. Augsburg. 1788—98. 

5. Handbuch der ehristlichen Religion von Ildephons 
Schwarz. 3 Bande. Von diesem Werke habe ich die zweite 
Ausgabe mit vielen ZusStzen besorgt. Bamberg. 1797. 

6. Beruhigungsgrflnde des gemeinen Mannes mit seinem 
Stande (gegen die franzOsische Revolution geriehtet.) Coburg. 

1794. 

7. Trauerlied auf Ludwig den XVI von mir zugleich in 
Musik gesetzt. Coburg. 1794. 

8. Leben und Schicksale des ehrwtlrdigen Vaters Sincerus. 
1 Band. Coburg. 1798. 

Auch war ich als M&neh Mitarheiter der Litteratur des 
btholischen Deutschlandes, der Wttrzburger gelebrten Anzeigen^ 
und der allgemeinen Litteraturzeitung (Erlanger) (Rezensionen). 



44 — 



B. Bz leufb. 



9. Gemeinfassliche Darstellung des Fichtischen Systems 
und der daraus hervorgehenden Religionstheorie. 3 Bande 
Jena, gn 8^ Erfurt. 1799—1801. Hennigs in Gotha. 

10. Geist der Philosophie unserer Zeit. 1 Band. Jena. 
1799—1800. KrOker. 

11. Ob Kants Kritik Metaphysik enthalte? Eine Abhandlung 
in dem philosophischen Journal, herausgegeben von Fichte 
und Niethammer. 1799. 

12. Grundriss der Wissenschaftslehre. 1 Band. Jena. 1800 
Hennigs. 

13. Transscendentale Logik, 1 Band. Coburg. 1802. 

14. Meine Lebens-und Klostergesehichte. 1 Band. Er- 
furt. 1803. 

15. Gefahren des Staates und der Religion von Seiten 
des Monehthums. 1 Band. Erfurt. 1803. 

16. System der Natur-und Transscendentalphilosophie 
in Verbindung dargestellt. 2 Bande. Landshut. Gr. 8^ 1803—1804. 
Krflll. 

17. Das Paradies derLiebe, ein Klosterroman. 2 Tie. 8'. 
Erfurt. 1804 u. Gotha. 1813. Hennigs. 

C. Bz XaphKoetb. 

18. De tine hominis supremo. Oratiopublicehabital807. 

19. In memoriam Professoris Ealkau: oratio funebris pub- 
lice habita 1810. 

20. De vindicata libertate Europae. Oratio 1814 habita. 

21. De vindicata religione. Oratio 1815 habita. 

22. Deexistentia supremi Numinis. Dissertatioedital812. 

23. De immortalitate animorum. Dissertatio. 1814. 



— 45 — 

24. De studio philosophiae, ejusque genuina natura. Dis- 
sertatio, 1815. 

25. Delibertate mentis humanae. Dissertatio. 1815. 

26. Institutiones Logicae. Unus tomus. 1812. Halle 
(Schvetscke u. S.) 

27. Deutsche Chrestomathie, vermoge Auftrages der Uni- 
versitat zum Gebrauch ftlr Vorlesungen auf der Unirersitat 
und den Gymnasien herausgcgeben. 1 Band. 1813. 

28. Institutiones juris naturae ^). Unus tomus. 1814. 

29. De viris illustribus urbis Romae a Romulo usque ad 
Augustum, liber ex auctoribus classicis excerptus et auctori- 
tate Senatus academici in usum gymnasiorum editus. 1815. 



lUaji'B ywept 13 anBapa 1834 r. bi leni, a, ne B-h 1830 1. 
KaKx yKasHBaext r&iouKiA^. EronopTpeTt (pa6oTH Nettling^ 
npHJioaweH'B Kt I lOMy ero aBTo6iorpa$iH (Lebens-und Kloster- 
geschichte). 

B'L BKimenpHBe;(eBH£ifi cdhcok'l He BomjEi en^e cji']&AyK)ii;ifl 
co^HHeHifl TJlaLAdk. 

1. Ueber die Wichtigkeit des Studiums der kritischen 
Philosophie bx Magazin far Katholiken. Coburg, 1796 — 98. 

2. Gestandnisse aus dem Kloster b-b Wieland's Neuer 
deutscher Mercur sa 1797 r., St. 2, cip. 142 — 147. 



^) y Kayser HenpaBHJiiHO: natural. 
*) OlJOC. JeKOHKOfl'b, IV, 2, CTp. 171. 



— 46 — 

3. Dissertatio exhibens nexum intimum inter philosophiam 
theoreticam et practicam. Jenae, 1880. 8*^ ^). 

4. Absolute Harmonie des Fichtischen Systems mit der 
Religion, gr. 8^ Erfurt. 1802. Hennigs. 

5. Neuer Grundriss der transcendentalen Logik und der 
Metaphysik nach den Principien der Wissenschaftslehre, gr. 8^ 
Jena u. Coburg. 1801. Sinner. 

Foroi^Kifi ^) yKasfiisaeT'E hw Ula^^'L bh'^ct^ ci SHaMeBnTHui) 

HreaTieM'L ^eccjiepoHi Cjato 6u ns^aBajii sypHajii'E Eunomia. 

Ha;^o ;iyMaTb, mto 3to yKaaauie omafio^HO. Kayser ^) ro- 

BOpHTX: 

Eunomia^ eine Zeitschrift des XIX Jahrhunderts, heraus- 
gegeben von Ign. Fessler, I. G. Rhode.... 8 chad ^ u.... 
Fischer. 1 r. — 3 r. Jahrgang, gr. 8^ Berlin, 1801 — 3, Mau- 
rers B., 4 r. u. 5 r. Jahrg. von Fessler allein^ gr. 8^, Berlin. 
1804 — 1805. Sander. 3A^Cb ynoMHHaeTca ne I^a;^x, a niajie, cjit- 
;^OBaTeJIBHO,;^py^oe jihuo. KoxopHft 8to hs^ mhofhxx IIIaAe, sa oicyi- 
CTBieicL praenomen onpe^tjiHTL Tpyxno. fl nepaseciOBajix bu^b- 
miecfl y ueefl no;^^ pyRaMn 4 ro;ra „3BH0MiH" (yKpamenHofi 
anarpa^OMi Omnibus aequa *) ci 1802 — 1805 row, ho bii- 
RaRHXx yRasaeifi ea Hamero loaHea IIIaAa se Hamejix. Bupo^eni, 
n niaAe, nOBHAHMOMy, sa 8th ro;i£i ne ynacTBOBajii bx a^yp- 
naji'b He SHaqnTCfl owh coTpyAHHsoM'b bi no;(nHcaHHbix'B crarb- 
flX'L sa nepBHfi TO^'h sypeaJia, eacROJiBRO ikfo^RDO BBjt'lTb mi 
cnncRa CTarefi sa 1801 foa'b, noM'liueBHaro b'l aeBapcRcii 
RHHaiR']^ 1802 ro;[a, bi ciaifc* I-ofi: Was hat die Eunomia 
geleistet, und was sie wird leisten, von den Herausgebern (cip. 



y Kayser (V. 41) HenpaBHJbHo: 4". 
*) <l>HJi. JleKC. IV, 2, CTp. 59. 
*) A. B. L., II. p. 170. 

*) £5V0]iCa SHaHHTl COpaBeAJinBOCTb, 3aR0HH0CTb. 



— 47 — 

1—7), KaKOBUMB Ha o6jio7RKt HOM^^BH $eccjiepi H ^Hinep'L 
(nocjii^Hia ch 1802 — 1805 r.); hh Oa^e, hh Po;[e He ynoMa- 
HyTH Ha o6jiomzi 1802 ^o;^a; VoAe — na I nojyTOMi 1801 ro;ia, 
^eccJiept OAHHX Ha II-mx oojiyTOM* Toro »e 1801 r. 

KpoMi Toro, I. IIIa;ti Hsj^ajx en^e coHnneHia CBoero yHH- 
Tejifl Bi 4>K-30Co4)iH HjiB;^e^OHca Illeapua. 

1. Anleitung zur Kenntniss derjenigen Btlcher, welche den 
Candidate!! der Theologie, den Stadt-und Landpredigern, Vi- 
carien u. s. w. in der katholischen Kirche wesentlichnothwen- 
dig und nQtzIich sind. 2 Bde, Coburg. 1803 — 4. 

Kayser ^) yKasHBaeTi. Hs^ianie bx S-xx Tonaxx gr. 8®. 
Coburg 1804 — 6, Sinner, npHqeMt TpexifiTOMX (1806) hochtx 
3arjaBie Tasme: 

Handbibliothek ftlr angehende Theologen, Hofmeister, 
Erzieher und Schullehrer der katholischen Kirche. 

2) HOM'i^ieHHUfi Bl CHHCSi J\s 5: 

Handbuch der christlichen Religion, 3 Bde, gr. S'' (nepBoe 
Hsjauie 1793, a Bxopoe noAt pewKi^ieio UlaAa 1797 r.; IIIhs- 
Aanie bhuijio bt> $paHK$ypTi na MaflH* bi 1800, Wesch^, a 
IV-e HcnpaBjeHHoe, ;^effleBoe HSjanie bx 3-x'B qacTfixi 1804, 
V-e cb yKasaiejieMx — bx 1819 r. 

IIo;^^ J6 2 bx cnacKi npHBe^^ena KHnra MaWh. Vogel. 
Lobensbeschreibungen der Heiligen Gottes auf alle Tage des 
Jahres mit heilsamen Lesestflcken u. s. w. kritisch gepruft 
u. V. verschiedenen Unrichtigkeiten gesSubert u. s; w. 2 Tie. Gr. 4^. 



') A. B. L., V, 199. 



— 48 — 

Bamberg. 1788. Wesch6 bx ^paHK^ypTi BHnycxHJi'B eme h3- 
;^aHie bx 1802, Mayer b% Aachen'i — bx 1823 r. '). 

2)^ iSaci/ Royaumont leMaltre, Dieganze heilige Schrift, 
erklSrt aus den heiligen Bachern und anderen Schriftstellern 
der Kirche nach den neuesten franzosischen Ausgaben, uber- 
setzt durch einige Benedictiner in Banz (B. Vollert, B. Schad 
nud Andere). Des alten Bundes — 15 Bde. in 8®. Augssburg 
1783—1818. Wolff. Des Neuen Testaments— 12 Bde in 8^ 
TaMi »e 1793—1803 ^). 

HoA-B JVs 8: 

Leben. Sincerus, herausgegeben von einem seiner 

Freunde. Mit Kupfern. Coburg, 1798 in 8. Sinner ^). 

A2J& 14 H 15-ft cociaBJiaioT'B oaho coHHHenie, JV2 15 8 
HOCBT'L sarjiaBie: 

Die Mfinche am Ende desachtzehntenJahrhunderts, oder 
Gefahren des Staates und der Religion voii seiten des Monchs- 
thumes: Ftirsten, Staatsmannern, Religionslehrern, Erziehern, 
und alien denen, die einen wirksameren Einfluss aufdie Schick- 
sale der Menschheit haben, zur Beherzihung dargestellt von 
J. B. Schad, Doctor der Philosophic in Jena. Ein Nachtrag 
zur seinen Lebens-und Klostergeschichte, Erfurt, in der Hen- 
nigschen Buchhandlung, 1804. Ha ^ipyrofl CTpaoni^'h psLjiouv. 
J, B. Schads, Doctors der Philosophic zu Jena, ehemaligen 
Benedictiners zu Banz, Lebens-und Klostergeschichte, von ihm 



*) Kayser, YI, 91. 
*) Ibidem, Y, 6. 
*) Ibidem, III, 497 



— 49 — 

selbst geschrieben. Mit einer freyen Characteristik der Mftnche 
zu Banz und des Monchthumes dberhaupt in Ansehung seines 
verderblichen Einflusses auf Erziehung, Staat und Religion. 
Zweyter und letzter Band. 

UocjA nepeisAaa 31 PocciH o6paTHO HapoAauy fflaAX cji- 
Jian HOBoe usAanie CBoefi aBTo6iorpa(|)iH b'b Tpexi> Tonaxx: 
Altenburg h Leipzig, 1828, gr. 8^, Lehnhold; BTopaa ^acxb 
laEse 00;^^ sarJiaBieMi Die Monche des XVIII. Jahrhunderts. 

IIpoTHB'L Hana;^OBT> na MoeaxoBi bi> 6iorpa(|)iH ina;(a mo- 
EacTHpb Bani^x BospaTKajii b-l Theologische Nachrichten, Rin- 
teln, 1803, V— VI, cip. 57—66. 

J2 26 HOCHTx sarjiaBie Institutiones Philosophiae uni- 
versae. Tomus primus, logicam puram et applicatam con- 
tinens. 

K. 0oiiiim ^) yKasHBaexx, qTO b% THnorpa4)iH XapLKOB- 
CKaro yHHBepcHTeTa ne^aTajiHCs, KpoMi BHffleBasBaHHHX'B, eme 
cjii^yromia piia IIIa;^a: 

Bx 1807 r. De vi philosophiae in reliquis scientiis. 

Bi? 1812 r. „0 TOMi, ^TO Bt HUHimHee BpeMa ocHOBa- 
TejifcHoe Hsy^eme (|)HJioco(|)iH BecBiia ny^Ho". 

TaKi KaKX HH caMi) nia^^x, hh ;ipyroS KT0-HH6yAB eme 
HExx He ynoMHHaroxx^ to npHHajwearnocTH hx^ IITa^iy nejihsa 
CKasaiB HHHero onpe;^ijieHHaro. O^eBH^eo, Bopo^eMi, hto cuh- 
coKi niaM He coBciMx ho.ioh'b, h6o, KaKx vKasaHO BKime, oh*b 
nponycTHJix h ome niKOTopHe cboh Tpy;^!!. Ilpo^. 3e-ieHorop- 
CKia Ba MicTi B'L XapbKOBi He Morx HaflxH Bcero HBAanHaro 
nia^jOM'B Bi XapbKOB'6 me ^j, KaBi nanp., De existentia sum- 



^) HCTOpBRO-CTaTDCTHHeCKafl 3dniICRa 061 HMnepdTOpCROHl) XapBROBCROMl- 

yHHBepcBTCT'fe a ero aaBejcemaxi oti ocHOBaHifl yHHBepcHTeta ao 1859 r., cipv 
^39 I 143, VIM Bbirae crp. 22 n 23. 

*) PtHB de fine hominis (RaRi Besat) 3ejieHoropcRifl i^HTHpyeii (cip. 160) 
d. f. h. ultimo (?). TaRHje Schade's Lebensgeschichte (bm^cto Schads)— cip. 162. 



— 50 — 

mi(?) Numinis (BMicxo supremi) ^), De immortalitate, De studio. 
HsjioaieHH y nero: JIorHKa, De libertate Europae, h De studio 
philosophiae, ho hc no noAJiHHflofl fipomiopi Oa^a, a no co- 
xpaHHBmeflca bx SHdJiioTeKt XaptKOBCRaro yHHBepcHxeTa jihc- 
cepTaii,iH FpHHeBHia *), yqeHHKa Illa^ia, iiojn> t^mi ate sarjia- 

sieM-L, OTHOCHTeJbHO KOTOpoS SaCBMJl'tTeJIBCTBOBaHO KOMMHCCieK) 

H3Tb iJieHOBT) CoBixa yHHsepcHTexa '), qio ona jiocjiobho chh- 
caea c% HeHSjiaeHuxx sanacoKX Illajia, ^HrnopHpya FpHHeBH'ia, 
KaKX JioatHaro asTopa", npo(|). SejienoropcKifi nojibsyeica ero 
;^HCcepTa^ieH), KaKi co^HHCHieMx Illajia. 

HpHBej^eMX TenepB HicKOJbKO ;iio6aBOHHHXx cnpaBOKi* Ka- 
caxejiBHO 6iorpa$iH Illaj^a. 

1) Eauuz (Bantum), deHejtHKTHHCKiJi MOnacTLipB, rA4(»6y^a.i- 
ca,H npo^eccopcTBOBajit niaAi, JieffiHTT. Ha6epery MafiHaoKOJio 
JlMXTCH^ejibca Bx BaBapiH. Oht. 6ujn> ocHOBani bx 1060 r. *) 
AjiL6epa;^0H) , cynpyrojo AjiBfiepia Ba6eH6epra. MoHacTaps 
j^ocTHr'B npoii,BiTaHia b-l XIV B^Ki npa afifiaTi KoHpajOLt III 

Pe^BElIi;']^. Bo BpeMfl BeJlHKOS EpeCTSflHCEOfi BOSbU MOHaCTUpf) 

6uJLi> paspyraeHi, h MoaaxH BHrHaHKi; BOsodnoBJieH'B owb 6uji'h b^ 
1529 r. a66aTOM'i> AJIeKcaH;^poM^ PoTeHxanOMx. Ilpn hcmx h 
6hjio ocHOBano yieOHoe saBe^eHie h 6H6jiioTeKa. BnocJiiACTBia 
MonacTHpb nocTHra^iH onaxB 6i;iBi, ho ohx nonpasjifljica, noKa 
HaKOHeii,x — bo BpeMa TpH;in;aTH.i'feTHefl Bofinii ohx ohatb He 6hji^ 
paspymeH'B jio ocHOBania. IIotomx ohx dnjii. BoscTaHOBJEeHX n 



*) ForouKin UHTHpyeii npaBHjibuo sarjiaBia ptHeii. 

') Cip. 163. 

^) H. A. JaapoBCKifi, Mienifl Bb HMnepaiopcKOMb OomecTBt HCTopiH ii 
jtpeBHOCTeii pociHCKHXb, 1873. Anptjib— Ikhb. KHHra II, OTatJii V. Cmtcb. «3nn- 
30Ab HSb HCTopiH XaphKOBCKaro ynHBepcHTeia*, II, lllaai, cip. 40. 

*) Mu cjitAyewb ax UH^pt ocHOBanifl npaMoaiy yKaaaHiiQ Oesterley, His- 
torisch-geographischPB WQrterboch des dentsetaen Mittelalters, 1883, cip. 42. 
Bilsching, Erdbeschreibung, VII, 1790, cip. 8S9, aaeib 1071 roAb. H'feiiieiiKoe H3- 
jianie ^H^HKJIo^eaHHecKa^o cjiaaapfl BpoKrayaa, 14-e h3a., t. II, cip. 385— yna- 
auBaeib 1096 r., a pyccKifi nepeBOAb Toro me cjiOBapa— (noHeMy?)— 1058 r. 



— 51 — 

•OBOHiaTejibHO irnKpuT'L jminh bi^ 1802 r., npH4eMX 6n6jiioTeRa 
6uM9, aepcHecena b'l BaMSeprx, a na iitcit ocxaJincB Jianib 
ecTecTBeHHOBayiHKifl EOJueBi^iK. 34aBie 6ujio npiofip^xeBO b^ 
co6cTBeflHOCTb 6aBapcKHMH repi^oraMH, E36paBmHMH ero CBoeio 
jiTHefi peBH^eHBiieK) ^). 

y^BTejiflMH lUajia bi Baei^t 6ujih — no tforocjiOBiK) Bejia 
Aiodeuxh^ a no (|)HJioco^iu HjibAe^OBCi Uleapm. 

2) Be;^a IwdemZy 6eBeAHKTHBCKia MOBaxi, po^iHJica b^ 
Biopi^fiyprt 16 (|)eBpaja 1750 r., bx 1787 r. BnasL-euHCKon'B 
Bropi^SyprcKifi nasBaqaJix ero npo(|)eccopoM'L 6orocjiOBia. FMep'B 
oet Bi 1792 r. Hsx ero Tpy;^OB'L, KpoM* pe^eB3ifi ^j, HSBicxRH: 

Habakuk der Prophet, nach dem Ebraischen Text uber* 
trag^i und erlautert. Francf. u. Lpz. 1779, in 8^. 

Exegesis psalmi CIX, Hebraeis CXde Messia JesuNaza- 
reno, vero Deo, Rege et Sacerdote ex veritate Hebraica et 
antiqaissimis versionibus adornata et ut psalterii :Tg66pouo(: 
proposita. Bamberg, et Wirceb. 1779, in 8®. 

3) Udephons Schwarz, 6eHe;i;HKT0Benii, poAHJca b^ BaM- 
^)epri 4 Boa6pa 1752 r., ynepx b-l Baan.^ 10 iroaa 1794 r. 
Chb^ 6aM6eprcKaro npo(|)eccopa »le;l;H^HHU XpHCxiaHa Ba^ib- 
rejibwa nioapi^a, yqajica y 6aM6ep^cK0x^ iesyHTOBx. 15 Mapxa 
1769 r. nocxynHJii, bx BaH^^ nocjiyniBHKOMi>, 15aBrycxa 1770 r. 
npHHfl.it nocxpHTX H nepeMiHH;i'B CBoe KpecxHoe HMa Eap.ii>- 
lo3e$x Ha opjieHCKoe Hjis;ie$oec'L. Okohhetbhih bx MOHacxtipi 
^►Hjioco^CKia H 6oroc;iOBCKia saHaxia, bx 1779 ro;iy cxaji^ npo- 
^eccopoMi $HJioco(J»iH H MaxewaxHRH, a noxoMx dorocjiOBia, h 
Taaae BxopaMi oHdjiioxeKapeMt. Oat oxKJOBaji'B npHFJiameHia 



*j BaBut cymecTByeii ntcKOJibKO cneqiajifaHhiXT> Moaorpajiii, KaKxo 
Ulupearepa, 3cTeppeHxepa, Teoiopo. 

2) Meusel, L. d. t. Schr., 1808, t. VIII, oip. 392. 

4* 



— 52 — 

Chtb npo^eccopoH'B bi pasHHXi 3'HHBepcHTeTax'E, paBHO KaKT> ir 
npurjiauieHia BfopxeMfieprcKaro repnora Kapjia-EBreHia npHBaxB- 
MicTO ero npHABopnaro nponoBijtHHKa. Yue^'h 41 tojisl oti 
yjiapa. 

1) Betrachtungen fiber eihige der wichtigsten WahrKeiten- 
der christlichen Religion, 1795. 

2) Handbuch der christlichen Religion, 1793, 94— bt. 
TpexTi TOMaxi; V-e H3;iaoie bhoijio b-l 1818. 3to — ^anojiorexH- 
HecKoe coHHHeflie, Hifiiomee b'b bvljij h EaHTOBy <j)iijioco4>iH). 

niBapn.'B 6bijix peBEOCTHUM'B coTpyjtHHKOMX' rasBTBi Lite- 
ratur deskatholischen Teutschlands, ocHOBaHHoH ero opAeHCKHM^ 
fipaxoMx H yHHxejieMx njian;HAycoM'B ninpenrepoM^. 

KpoM'fi xoro, OHx nQjiSLJn,: 

Rev. A. Geddes de vulgarium Scripturae versionum vitii^ 
eorumque remediis libellus, 1787, cocxaBjiaK)ni,eee ^epeBOJ^^ 
coMHHenia moxjiaH^iCKaTO CBflmeHHHKa AjieKcaH;ipa Geddes^a Pros- 
pectus of a new translation of the Holy Bible from corrected 
texts of the original, 1786. Illfeapux cnafiAHJr'B nepeBO^jj-L co6- 

CTBOHHUMH DpBM'faqaRiflMI!. 

UocJi'b ero cwepxH 6uaii Hs^ianw xpy;iH: 

1) HoBoe, pacmapeHHoe Hsjianie HeanojiHxaHi^a AexoHio Jl^we- 
HOBesH (Antonius Genuensis) Elementa artis logicae, 1796. 

2) HepeBOjix ^po^oBt;^efl Jacob's Archer s Predigten, aus dem 
Englischen m> 2 x. 1795,. 96. HsAaaie 6ujio AOKOHqeHO era 
opjiencKHMx fipaxoMX h yHenHKOMx Othmar Frank, KoxopHt' 
ocxaBH-ix H CBOH BOcnoMHHanifl HeMT* uojiTi 3ar.TiaBieiix: 

Andenken an Ildephons Schwarz von: einem seiner Schit 
ler, 1796. 

Ha^io nojiaraxb, hto H. IIlBapnx' npoH3Bo;i0Ji'B CHjitBoe- 



— 53 - 

•8ne4arJifeflie aa cbohxi yqeHHKOB'B; h caMX Ula^^ nocBaTtiJiT> 
i>Aiy BOcaoMHHaHiji bo II-m'b lOMt mjia^BESiVO ii^x nocMepiRaro 
Tpyj^a H. inBapn,a: 

Anleitung znr Kenntniss derjenigen Bttcher, welche den 
Kandidaten der Theologie... in der Katholischen Kirche noth- 
vendig und niltzlich sind bi» 2 t., 1803, 04. 

4) niaA'B HHTaJit p'bHb, ^0CBaI^eHHyK) jiaMaiH npo^eccopa 
Kajibsay. 

AfipaMx ilBOBJieBH^'B Ea.ihKay ^) Stiii-b chh-b MocBOBCKaro 

^anieKapa, o6y«iaj!Cfl bx ynnBepcHTeTaxx Mockobckomx, Ichckomx 

H BHTieHSeprcKOMX, r^i nojyqnjiL cieneHb j^oKTopa (J»HJioco(J)iH. 

!By;iyqH yate onpeA't-ienx Ha cjym6y upa XapbKoecKOM'L yen- 

BepcKTC'rife, OHx nOviyqujH) A03Bo;ieHie ^po;^OJIffiaTB CBoe sarpa- 

AHqHoe nyxemecTBie h cjiymajix Mejtai^HHCKia jieKHjia bx TgrinH- 

4'eHi, rji nojiyqaji'L BTopyio cxeneHB — AOKTopa Me^iar^eHH hxh- 

|)ypriH. Eo^e ro;^^ npdfiiiJi'B owh bx Bepjiaai. a rroroMt bo3- 

^paxajca bx XaptKOBX h BCTyanj'B bx AOiataocTs 2-ro ceHiaSp a 

1807 row. Bx 1808 r. CostTx 3a He^^ociaTKOMX c^ymaTeJie^ 

nopy^HJx eMy BxsaM&HX JieBi^iM saHflTbca o6pa6oTRoB a bigger;! o- 

neiia h MexojtoJioriH Meinni^HHH. Bx 18l2 r. 8totx ero Tpy;^^ 

Introductio ad studia medica 6fcijx HanaiaxaHx bx ynnBepcH- 

leiCKoB Tunorpa^ia *). Pommsm ') npnaHCHBaeTX aioaiy „pyccK.OM y " 

4i.^xK)HKTy TOHKoe nOHHMaHie .7ry»iinHx% naeaiejett atMei^KOft Jia- 

repaTypu: jKaax- IIo;ii) 6hjix ero jih)5hm6imx asTopoMX. 



*) jS^ a. JTaepoecKiu, BacHJiii HaaapbeBn^x Kapaanax h OTHpuTie Xapb- 
aoBCKaro yHMBepcHTeTa, cip. 237—238, Bt JKypnaj-fe MnHHctepcTBa Hapo^Haro 
IlpocBifemeHiH, nacTb CLIX, 4)eBpajib 1872 roaa. 

«) <Z>owim«, 3anHCKa, cip. 143, hjh BHine, cip. 23. 

^) PoMHeAb, IlflTb jitT-b Hii HCTopin XapbKOBCKaro yflHBcpeaTeTa, CTp.Gl. 



— 54 — 

5) rpa(|)'B /^aBBj^x MaKCHMOBHHt AAoneych^ pyccKifi noc- 
.laHHHK'L, y KOToparo IHaAt Ao6HBa;ica bx BepjiBH* BOscxaHOB* 
jeHia CBOHXx npaBx, po^HJica bx Bafiopri wh 1769 r., boc- 
HBTEieajica bx BoeHHofi msojii^ wh nPryTrap;(T'6, a nooKOH^aHiE' 
wh eefl Kypca nocTynnjix Ha ^^larajiOMaTHqecKyK) cjiyatOy nojts 
pyROBOjiCTBOM'B CBoero 6paTa MancHMa MaRCBMOBB^a, ^uBinarO' 
pyccRHM'L noejiaHHEKOM'L Bx BepjHH']^, saT^Mx B canfL 6£iJix pyc- 
CKHMt nocjraHHBKOMt npa mBe;^CKOM'B Eopojit FycTaB* IV. Bi 
1808 ro;^y bo BpeMa BottHii UlBei^iB ct Poccieio 6hjix nocaacHi 
Bt TiopbMy. no y;^aJieHiH FycxaBa IV Ajioneyct bx Harpa^y 
nojiy^Bjix rpa(|)CKoe ;^ocTOBHCTBO. Bx 1811 ^o;^y Ajioneycx c;^t- 
.lajica nocjraHHBKOMX nps BEopTeM^eprcKOMx ABop'6, sax'i^Mx bx 
1813 reeepajbHUMx EOMMBCcapoMx npHCOH)3Hofi apMiB, hotomi 
BoeHHEiMx ry5epHaTopoMx JIoxapBHriB, a no BaRJiioHeHiH Mepa^ 
pyccRHMx nocjiaHHBKOMx Bx BepjiBH'6. 3;i'ICB ohx ocxaBaJica 
BOJioxL ;^o CMepxH CBoefl 13 irona 1831 ro;i;a. 

PascRasHBaioxx, hxo bx 1817 ro^y y niaw fiEijua uuqjv 
o6Hapo;iOBaxb sanBCRB o Bdxx nepea^Hxuxx bmx aa Pycn Be- 
cnpaBej^JiBBOcxaxx h o xamomBBXx cnaHjiajaxx; ho Rpafinaa hh- 
mexa sacxaBHJia ero Hesajiojiro ao CMepxa npojiaxB cbok) xafisy 
pyccROMy nocjiaHHBRy bx Bepjani, Ajioneycy ^). 

JlH)6onHXHO yRaaaHie EoAwnauoea ^), ixo „eme bx copo- 
soBuxx roiaxx obx caMx naqaJix vHBxtca no SHerik lUajia 
„De viris illustribus", Roxppaa ne MBHOBajia pyRX hb o;tHora 
H3X yHHBHiBXca BX xo BpeMa*'. HenpaBBJiBHO xojbro, 6y;ixa 
niajix BsjiaBajx jaxHncRia xpncxoMaxin, BBOABBmiaca, RaBx 
o6a3axeJibHoe pyEOBo;^cxBO bo Bci cpejiMi^ y^efinHa saBe^ieHia 
(xaMX ;Re). lUaAx vi3]i,Skjn» Bcero jbhib o(?m^ JiaxBHCRyK) xpncTO- 
MaxiH) B o;^Hy H^MeuRyio (BM^cx'ik ox PotfMejieMx). Sani^flxa 
HpaBcxBeHHaro xapaRxepa ina;[a CBB^ixejibcxByexx o Cojte- 
rJiy6oROMX noBBMaeiB naxypu IITaAa co cxopoen KojiK)naHOBaw 



^) PoMMejib, CTp. 66. 

'^) Biorpa(t)ia KomeJieBa. I, 2, cip. 29&; 



npi/i6aB-neHie. 

rpuueeuvi. 

ynoMHHaeMHft ea cip. 50 rpuueeuuz, noBHjiHMOMy, ecT£r 
TO a:e canoe jihi^o, Koxopoe BnocJiiACTBin cjiyatHJO npo(|)ecco- 
poMx Bt OAeccKOMt jiHi^et H Bt KieBCKOMTi yHHBepcHTeTi, 

• MuxueeuHz ') coofimaeTi, ^to Hjeh GeiopoBEr^x FpHHe- 
BH^i Cb 1821 r. ;^o 1826 r. cj!y«EJix npn PamejibeBCKOM'B 
jHi^et. Ohx Chj-b M^arflcipoMX XaphHciecnaw yHHBepcHTeia, 
24 aHBapji 1821 r. yiBepat^ieHt npo^eccopoMX jiaTHHCKOft h poc- 
cificRofi cjiOBecHocTR, a HcnpaBJiHH)ia0MX jiojacHOCTB npo(f). ^a^OMO- 
erhdeuia h no-iHTET^ecKoa DKOHOMin oh'b ae cocToajit ct 18 
anpijra no 1 ceHTaCpa 1825 ro;^a. KpOMt xoro, coctosji'l 6h6- 
JioTeKapeMi npa jiHi^e* h HJeHOMt npasjieeia Jini^ea no yneC- 

HOfi qaCTF. 

Jf^ajbHiSmiji JH)6oniiTHiifl CB^x'i&Hifl o fieM'E npe^JiaraeTi 
HCTopHKx RieBCRaro ynHBepcHTera ^). 



^) HcTopHHecKiir o63opi copoKa.rtiif! PimejiBeBCKaro jHaea, 0«ecca» 
1857, cTp. 74. 

^) Ctp. 223. 



— 56 — 

ITiEOHfl 1839 r., 6uetuiti npo^eccopz PumeAheecKaio Aut^en 
u dupenmopz Eeccapa6cKux6 ynuAUti^z Fpuueeum nojiajit npo- 
meHie peKTopy, bx KoxopoMx, npHJiaraa aKseMnjapiv nepeBejieH- 
HoS HMi p'j^qH II^Hi^epoHa pro Milone h aEseMnjap'B cbobx'b 
uHceMi $HJioco4>CEHxi npe^Mexaxx, npocHJi'L npe^^JoasHJi^ 
^HMeHHTifimeMy coBixy" YnHBepcHTeTa o6x H36paHi0 ero op- 
AHHapHHMT. npo(|)eccopoMX jiaTHHCEOfl cjOBecHOCTE. CBepxi 
npeACTaBJieHHEixx co^HHenifi, owh ccujiajicji na H'ikcaojrBso es- 
;iaHHHXi> HMX HJE npHFOTOBJieHHHXx nepeBO^^OBx H CTaxefl. Bi 
saci^amH coBixa 17 aBrycxa 1839 r. peKxopt cJOBecHOsasBBJii, 
qxo pascMoxp'feHie coiHHeHifi FpHHeEHHa ohx nopy^ajix np. 
HefiEHpxy, H npeA'BflBHji'B no;i;aHHoe eMy HefiEHpxO'M'L nncB- 
MeHHoe MHinie o hhxx; coBixx no pascMOxptHia nocjiij- 
e^ro o^pe;^•feJIH;Il) oCxaBHXb FpHHeBflHy , ixo npe^'BaBJieHHHa 
HMi coHHHeHia no cBoeny o6xeMy h coAepataniK) neworyxt no- 
CJiyatHXb ;[ocxaxo9HHMx ocHOBanieM-L Et y^^OBjexBopeniK) ero 
npocbfiH. Ho ceHxa6pa 2-ro xoro ate ro^a FpHHeBHHx no;tajiB 
HOBoe npomenie, bx EOxopoMx npocnjix npe;^JIoatHXb 6Aa%OA'H>6u- 
etbUmeMy coethmy %%. UMeuumtbtciuuxz npoj/S, ceto yuueepcum. 
nopyqeniH eMy BaEanxnofi Eaee;ipH jaxHHCEofl cjiOBecHOCxa, 
Bnpe;^i> ;^o Cbjibmaro y;tocxoBipeHia b% ero nosHaniaxx h cno- 
co6HOCxaxx, ex a^ajHOBanLeMX, sasoe coB'bxx npnsHaexx cnpa- 
Be;i;inB'63niE[Mx. TaEaa nacxofi^HBOCXB OEasajacb noJiesnoH) jim 
Hero; Hafi;(eHO 6ujlo Heo6xoAHMHMx cnpaBHXBca ex MHieieAix 
n.ijiaro (|)aEyj!ibxexa, a ne o;i;Horo H. 3. HeflEopxa. Mninie axoro 
nocjii^lHaro A*flcxBHxeJibHO 6ujlo npoBipeno, npn hcmx 4>aKyjib- 
Texx, npn hojhomx cocxaB'i cbohxx HJienoBx, namejix, hxo xoxa 
BX npe;tcxaBjreHHOMx HefisnpxoHX MS'^Hin n osnaieeH n'&Roxopiifl 
norpimnocxn FpBHeBH^, soxopna npBsnaSxx f^a,KYJihT:eTh, bo 
BX eoMHHeHiaxx ero bh;(ho b oenoBaxejibHoe sHanie ^^peBHHXx 
pnucKEXx neeaxejiefi, h snaEOMCXBO ex paiiesBMH /^peBHOCxaMH, 
BOo6n^e FpHeeBH^x, Bnojini o6AadaH pycacuMd sauKOMi, Moatexx 
CBo6o;i[HO Hsxacnaxb; bx 3aBJiH)ieHie 6ojibmHHCXBOMx Betxx ro- 
jioeOBx, EpoMi OAHoro rojioea npo({). HeSsnpxa, nojomeno npoeaxb 



— 57 — 

tjoBtTx yHHBepcHTeTa AonymeHia FpHHeBH^a ret npenoj^aBaHiio 
jiaTHHCKaro asHaa ^). Bt no^cqepEHyiuxx cjOBaxi (f^aKyjifcTexcKaro 
onpeA^-'ieHifl co;iep3&HTCii abheiB HaMeRi» ea caaioro peixenseHTa. 
7 0BTa6pa 1839 r. coe'Iti sacfe^aJi'L Bt npacyTCTBiH noneHHTejia 
yqefinaro OKpyra h ero noMOmHHKa; Tor,ia ^HiaHa 6HJia FpaHe- 
BHieMX npoSeaa .neKi^ia: „0 »m3hh b coiHBeHiax'B Tai^HTa", h3- 
jjoaeeBaa, nacxbH) no jraiuHB, qacxbio no pyccKH. Cob^t'l 
npHsaaJii JieRi^iK) n no coxepmaHito. h no mJiOMemio yj[0B.ie- 
TBopBTejibHOH) H p'&fflBJi'B xo^aTaficTBOBaTb Aonyii^eHiH PpBHe- 
BB^a SI BpeueHHOMy iipenoiiaBaBiK) JiaTBecBaro asuKa h ero 
cuoBecHOCTB CB coAep^RaflieMi ajiiiOHSia. ^OBOJit bjib ohi 
Bncifli OKaaeTca cnocoSHHMi BaeaTs Baeejcpy axoro npe^tMexa, 
MB Be aBHTCa jipyroS cnocoSntfljnia. Ho ynpaBjaromia mbhb- 
CTepcTBOMii Hapo;^Haro npocBimeaia (26 ^eKaopa loro m.e roaa) 
cjitjiajit 6oJii>ffle, q^Mi. npocHjn> coBtix, BMeHBo paaptjnHJix 
jtoflycTBTb FpaHeBBHa k^ ^pe^o;^aBaHiK) bi YHaBepcBTeTi ci 
npoB3Boj[CTBOMx ewy ^aJiOBaHi,a, noJoatCHHaro BKCTpaopjiuHap- 
aoMy npo(|)eccopy (i.e. no 3 tuc. accarH. Bt roAt). Sjiicb BHpa- 
snjca nepBHB npicMX SopbSBi ^Byxi Hai;ioHaa[BHHX'B napxiffl, 
ocTaBHiBXca B-B yHHBepcBxexi cb. BjajiBMipa, x. e. pyccKofl a ni- 
MeAKofi. Ho FpBHeBHH'B Bejiojiro nocJIyKBJl^ bi yHBBepcaxex'fc. 
Bi ceHTaCp* 1840 r. npo^eccopi HefiKapxi) Bomejix cb npeji- 
CTaBjieaieMi b'b Coaixi o HasBaqenia ea BaKaexByH) KaoeMpy 
pHMCKofl cJioaecHOCXB aji'BiOBKxa JI^e.oeBa, cb noBaraeBieM'B ero 
Bi. BBanie BKCxpaop^BBapBaro npoij)., ccwjiaacB aa xo, ^xo xoxa 
JI^ejiJieB'B B3;iaJi'B tojibko ;iBa coiaaeeia De vita Livii Andro- 
nici H De fabula Livii Andronici, bo a bi bbxi noKasajx cno- 
co6boctb caMOcxoaxejBBO o6pa6oxBiBaxB aaysy a cbo6oj[(bo BJiajiixb 
jaTBBCfiBMi> asHBOMi), B Hxo B'B dTOMy npHCoe^CBBaexca bi aeM'B 
^apB acBO n oxqexjiBBO nepe;(aBaxB cbob noBHaaia. E^iarojiio- 
6HBifimifi coB'lx^ BMeBaxifimax^ npo^eecopoB'B, sas'B xaxyjio- 
BajiB ero FpflBeBaH;B, p'&maji'B noABeprayxb /l^gMeaa BB^paaiK) 
H H36paj['B 10-K) rojiocaaia npoxaai o^floro, a FpaaeBBia j^^' 

') Cip. 224. 



— 58 — 

lOMejiT), qxo ero ycjiyTH yate Combine He HyatHH. FpHHeBBMi 
6Hjn> yace bi npeKJioHHuxx jriiaxx. 

C^acTJiHBuS conepHHRX FpneeBHqa , ;iepnTCRifi H'^iiei^'L 
Jt^jueHi, ofiHapyatHJix, no MHtmK) „HcTopiH", SHania jjaTHHCKoS 
4)HJiojioria, jiSLJiev,o ocTaBJiflBmifl sa co6ok) CTapoMo;iHyH) k)kho- 
pyccKyH) JiaTHHB FpaHeBHqa ^). 

HraKi B'L iiepioA'L Me2RAy npotf^eccypoEo b'b Oji,ecci s npe 
no^iaBaHieifL b^ KieBOKOJux yHUBepcHrer^ TpETieBvm%, sajio 
nojraraTb, saHEiMan AOJSHOCi-b ^epesTopa Beccapa6cRHX'B yns- 
jiEiui. A^JiBHifimefl cy^KBot ero if o boh^hh'6 mh CBt;i[']^Hifr 
He HMieMi. 

CKaHAaji'B Bx XapLKOBi npoHCXojiHJi'B Bi 1815 — 1816 
roiaxi. Bx kohi;* 1815 ro;ia Jl^erypoBX ;iOHeci> CoB^Ty, ^to 
;iHCcepTai^iH ;iOKTopaHTOB'B KoeajieBCKaro h FpHHeBaqa OyKBaibHO 
cuBcaBH CB ne^aTHaro co^HHeHi^ IIIaAa h 6yEBajBH0 cxo^ihu 
ci sanHCKaMH cxyjieHTOBi (FpHHeBBq-B ya:e ycniji'B samHTBTb 
CBOK) ;inccepTai(iK)). HasHa^eHHaa Cob'^tom'b RoMMHCcia BSb 
npo^eccopoBx UlyMJiflHCKaro, YcneHCKaro h HejiBAexena nojir 
TBepj^Hjra jioHeceme JI^erypoBa. Ptraeno 6bijio jioHecTH o tomi 
nHHHCTpy, KOTOpHfl H noTpeCoBajiTb KTb 0664 064 ^^Hccepxauia. 
a laKme pyKoniiCHUfl TeipajiH IUa;ta, no eotopkimx ohi q0TaJii> 
(|)ij;ioco4)iH) (saci^iaHie 16 (jfeBpa,jiSi 1816 ro;ta). nocjtwia He 
MorjiH 6£rTb oTnpaBJieHEi^ TaBx BaBi IIIaA'B na sanpocx CoB'Ira 
0T03Baj!ca, 9T0 OHTb MeTa$H3HKy qHiajt fiesx sanncoK^ 
(ex tempore tradit) , a ociajibHoe (jiornKy) no HSAaHHOMy 

pyKOBOKTBv; BM'feCTO HEXX dfilJIH OTHpaBJieHH CTJ JlfiTLT CKIB Sa- 
HHCBB ^). H B'B MBHBCTepCTB'6, BaBl BHJIHO BSX AOKJiaj^a HH- 

HHCxpa B'B coB'feT'i MKHHCTpoBT., npHSHajiH, 9T0 ;^HCcepTa^iH 



') Crp. 225. 

*) JaBpoBCKitt. HteHifl., cip. 40. 



i 



— 59 — 

rpiiHc&Bqa H KoBanescKaro ORasajticb noj^JiomnuMu n cnHcan^- 
HHMH CB 3anHC0Kx(?) C0HHHeHifl(?) Illa^ia ^). 

8 AeKa6pH no npe;^nHcaHiK) nHHscTpa nojni^iB UlaA'B <5uji'b. 
nocd'binHo BHeeseHT* hbx XapBBOBa h npenpoBO^jtee'B sa rpa- 
HH^y ^). 

-Mt^iTKetfi^iez; ynoMHHaieT'B, hto rpHHeBH^x hbwji'b ^): 1) H'fe- 
CKCiBKO piTCft Uai^epoHa bx pyccKOMt nepeBO^i, a 2) flSHSHb- 

PBMJIflH'B, BaKX pyKOBOACTBO npH HSyqeHlH pHHCBBX'L ^ipes- 

Hociefl. 

0oi!ltrm cootfmaeTB, ^to bx yHHBepcHTeTCBofi THnorpa(|>iH 
BB 1815 r. ne^arajiHCB AHCceprai^iH EoeaAeecnato s MarHCxpa 
TeBJiH^a Ha pyccBOM'B ashb^. 

Bi 1816 r. KaH;tHAaT'B TpHHeBBqi HanenaTaji'B nepeBO^it 
031 II,HqepoHa „0 ecxecTB* CoroBi". 

Bi 1817 r. FpHHeBaqx nenaTaeTx ^epeBo;^^ nepBofl pi^B 

Il^BaepOHa npOTBBl KaTBJHHU. 

Bx 1818 r. rpBHeBBi'B neHaiaeTi nepeBOAi» ast Il^Hi^epoHa 
piHH sa CTHXOTBopi^a Apxia *). 

B'B KieBCBOMT) yHBBepcBTeT'l FpEHeBH^'B, Basi GBasaHO Bume 
(cip. 56), npeACTaBJiJijii en^e nepeBOA'B p'i^HB II^Bii;epoHa sa MsjioBa 

H ,^BJ[0C04)CRifl nBCBMa". ?t5 9T0 6BIJIB 3a DHCBlia, BtfEEJiaJIB 

TO nenaTHaa KHara, KaKx aio cjiiAyeix, noBH;^BMOMy, npe^no- 
^araiB bbx cjiOBa ^aBseiiiLiflp'B^, mh se BeaeifB. 

„9Hn;HKJioneABTCCKifl cJioBapB" BpoKraysa ^) nepeHHCjaeT'B 
Tpyw FpHHeBBHa: 1) O ecxecTB* SoroBX, 2) IlepBaa pi^B- 

npOTBBX KaXBJlBHH, 3) V^Hh sa CTBXOTBOpH^a ABJia JlBI^BHifl 

Apxia, 4) PtHB Bx onpaBAaaie MajOfla, 5) Hucbua o ^nm- 



^) TaMi 3;e, crp. 45. 

") TaMB Hce, CTp. 44. 

") L. c. 

^) L. c, CTp. 145, 147, 148, oh BHrae, cip. 24, 25. 

*) no-iyioMB 18-ji, CTp. 736. 



L 



fiO 



'Co^CKUXb npedMcmax&j 6) iKn3HB ApesaexB pnMJiflH'B oti oc- 
HOBaeifl PBBia ao RoecTaHTisHa BeiBsaro^ OA^cca, 1846, h 
Dp. Hs'B cxaTbH He BHAHO, nQJibsoBaacfl jh asTopx saRBiin 

BHBIMH HCTQHHHRaMH, RpOM*]^ ysaSaHHUXX HaMH, H OnnCaHU JIH 

RHHrs FpHHeBuqa no aBionciH. 

Jl. M. BmyeecKiA ^) n;HTHpyeTx: 157. fieciAaCu?) I^nqe- 
poHOBSr ecmecmerb Sotoei^ nacxb I. nepes. HAha Fpuueeu^^ 
XapBROBi, 1817. 158. ?*£?& 3a cmuxomeopua Apxin nepea. 
HAhH FpuneeuHz. XaptROBi, 1818. 160. Pt^t IlnqepoHOBa 
Bi cnpaBQA. T. JjiHtH MuAOua, nepeB. Hjiba FpHHeBHq'B. 
OAecca, 1833. 



^) Bi6j[iorpa4)ifl no HCTopiH pHHCEOfl JiHTepaTypu bi PoccIh ci 1709 na 
1889 roAi, ci BBeACHieM'h h yxasaTeiieMi, KasaHb, 1889, § 13. M. TjjjiiH Uh- 
HQpoHi, II, nepeBOAU, ctp. 10. 



lY. 

3aM$TKz fl. U. BejiuascKOMi. 

Viellcicht wird das aachfolg^nde Geschlecht 
gerechter sein, und auch ihm den Ehrenplatz 
in der Gelehrtenhalle Europa's anweisen, den 
oft jMissgunst und Unverstand den grSssten 
Gelehrten auf eine Zeitlang zu versa gen 
wagen. 

Max. Heine (Nekrolog. W — s). 



OcHOBHUM'B HCTO^HHROH'B AJifl 6iorpa4)iH nepsaro h eaH- 
6oj[te ^apsaro uocJi'bj^OBSiTeJisi OlejiJiHHroBoit HaTyp4)Bioco(|>iE 
61 Poccin, npo^eccopa h aRaxeMHsa ^aeiEJia MiixafijiOBEqa 
BejijiaHCRaro flBjifleicfl cxaiBfl Hmkomlh Posanoea: ^BocnoMHHa- 
Hia ^. M. BeJuraeCKOMt", noiitmeHHaa bx „PyccKOMx Bicx- 
HHKi"3a 1867 roAt, tomx 72, Hoafipt, cxp. 99—137 *). TaMt 

PosaHOBX He T0.3BK0 Ji.fkJL'h M'iCTO CBOHM'b JBHHLTM'E BOCnOHHHa- 

niflHi> (Ha pfl^^y ex aBTo6iorpa^H^ecKiiMH yRasaHiaMH camoro 
PoaaHOBa *), ho h nonHTajca crpynnHpoBaxB Bce, ht5 ;^o tofo 



^) rennadu, GnpaBOHHui cjioaapb o pyccRnxi nuoaTeJiHX'b h yHeHuxi^ 
T. I, CTp. 139 HenpaBHJibHO yKaauBaeii BMtcTO «Py6CKaro BtcTHHKa^— •BtcT- 
BHKi Eeponu*, t. 72, aa 1867 r., * 11. 

*) Cip. 130-135. 



— 62 — 

speMeHH noHBHJiocB BeJiJiaHCKOMx. Hsi aiofl CTaibu PosaeoBa 
noHTH Bcentjio noqepnHVTu hobha o6pa6oTKa Ciorpa^in Bej- 
jiaHCEaro, noMia^eHHUfl bi> 3Hi(nRjione;(nqecROM'L cjiOBap'l^ EpoK- 
layaa (no;^nHcaHa /if. EtopoeuMh) ^) h bi KpHTHKO-Ciorpa^n- 
lecKOMX cjiOBapi pyccKHXi nHcaxejieil h yqeHtixt C ^. ^ew- 
lepoea ^) — ciaxba B. /J. 

J^pyreMt, TO/Ke Ba»HHMT> hcto^hhkomT) wa 6iorpa$iH 
BejijiaHCRaro flBJiHeTca o4)$Emiaj[BBafl KHBra: ARaieMB4ecBJe 
aKTu. MaiepiajiH ji^jisi HCTopia HMnepaiopcKOfi caHKineTepdypr- 
CKOfi Me;iHKO-XHpyprHHecKofl aKa;iieMiH, b-b naMSTB naTHiiecflTD- 
Jiixia ea coCpaHHHe opfl;HHapHHMi npo(|)eccopoM^ FpHropieii^ 
IlpodopoebiMz^ CIIB. 1850. 

CrpynnHpoBaib MaiepiaJi^ o BejuraHCKOMt h pasjiH^HHa 
0(|)4)Hi^iajiBHua j^axu o HeicB, pa36pocaBHua bx diofi KEVivk {k-l 
coTKajiniio, KaKX h CojiLmaHCTBO pyccKHXi KHnrx, oHa He 
HM'feeTx yKasaieJia, ^ib .lijiaeTt no-ibsoBaHie eio Becbwa ne- 
. yAo6HHMi>) nepBHft nonuTaJics Po3aHOBT> bt> CBoefl CTaibt ^). 
npocMOTptBinH BCK) KHHry riposopoBa CTpanimy sa CTpanHixefl, 
MH yfitAHJiHCb h'h TOM-L, MTO PosaHOB'b Koe-qcro He SaMiTHJlX H 
Koe-qTO nponycTH.n>. IIoaxoMy mh BOSHaMipajiHCb eme paai 
ro6paTb BO e^HHO Bcb AaHBBia o BejjiaHCROMi)^ iiMl^H)miaca y 
IlposopoBa ct yKasaHieMTb cTpaHHi^i> (nero Hiix y PosaHOBa). 

„H3x yqamaxca ko speMeHH ;^o 1808 roia npHHaweffiHX'b.... 
^Ji^aLRiajLi, BeAAancKiil.... h ;ipyrie (cxp. 32). CTy;ieBXT> Bejjao- 
CKifl Bi 1799 ro;iy nepeBejii ci> niMei^Earo na pyccKifi asHKt: 
1) HaHajibHHa ocHOBania Bceo6meft Me;^H^HBBJ, Memepa; 2)bx 
1801 r., 6yAy^H KaHAH^axoM'B mo^iihi^hbh h xapyprin, nepeBeji ci> 
utMei^Karo ace npaKxaqecKyK) MejtHBiHHy Ccam'^ 3) a bx 1805 
ro;(y y^Re bi> seaHiB Ji'i&Rapa cohbhhji'l Ba py^ROMi asuRi 



') X. CTp. 851-852. 

*) ToMT> V, CTp. 215-221. 

«) Cip. 135-136. 



— 63 — 

»IIpoJH)3iio Kx MCAHDiHH'fc" (cTp. 83). Kaocjipa naioJioriH h le- 
paniH. npeno^aBaTejiB aAiH)HKTX'npo4)eccopi HBaHi CMrb/ioe- 
CKiu. PeneiHTopoMx npa HeMi no npejiCTaBjieHiK) CM-fejioBCKaro 
yTBepffi;ieH'B 31-ro OKiaCpa 1801 ro;iia KaHAH^iaTx C.-llexep- 
fiyprcKaro cyxonyiHaro rocnHiaJia ^aniHJii BejuraecKifi. a 
noTOMt 29 ;ieKa6pfl 1801 ro;i;a, cxyieHTi 4-io KJiacca Akob-l 
EaUdanoez (cip. 23). CKopaa nepeMina bx peneTHiopax'B npo- 
Hsoniiia OTX Toro, hto... yKasoMx rocy;^apcTBeHHofi MeMi^HHCKofi 
KoJijreriH 28 IiOHa 1801 rojia 6hjio HasHaieno nocJiaxB sa rpa- 
HHi^y Tpexi jiesape£t hjih EaHABAaioBi bx ny^sie Rpaa ex Ba- 
ciasjieHieMx otx KOJijeriu; Ma, ^ero ROH^epeei^ifl B36pajia Cub- 
maxx penexETopoBx: CeMCHa FaeecKmo ^), Mnxanjia Epanapeea 
n Aaniuiia BeJuaBCEaro (cxp. 24, 25). IIocjiaHBHe sa rpaeimy 
no oKOHHamH easHaqeuHaro TpexjtTHaro cpoKa BOSBpaTHJHCb: 
Bx 1805 ro,^y — FaeBCKifi h BejJiaHCKifi KpaMapesx, BosBpamaacb 
BT. PocciK), yMepx bx KoneHrarcH'fe (cxp. 67 ^ h xaMx m.e npa- 
Miqaoie), a bx 1806 FpoMOdd, FepMam^ JloMonrm h Scohx Ilempoeh^ 
H no npeAnncaniK) MneHCxpa ohh nocxynnjiH noMOn^naKaMH 
npo^eccopoBx (cxp. 68). Hacxenent ;iOKxopa nanncano pascyat- 
j^eeie ^aninjia BejuiancKaro „0 pe(J)opMi MeAHUHHCKofi n (j[)H3h- 
^ecKofl xeopin" (cxp. 84). 16 renBapa 1806 roM no npejcxaB- 
jieHiH) KOH(|)epeBn,iH paspimeeo npiocKaxb npeno;iaBaxeJiefi Ma 
JiaTHHCKaro n BiMenKaroasHKOBx ... IlpenojtaBaHie..,. H'feMen;Karo 
nopyqeno a;ixK)HKxx-npo$eccopy BejJiancKOMy ex iRajiOBanbeMx 
no 400 pyC. bx ^o;^x (cxp. 99). 

no KaeeApi SoxannKn n 4)apMaKOJioriH npo(J>eecopoMb (iujix 
KOJueffiCKifl coBixHHKx PydoAhglS^ (cxp, 144). Ajixh)bktom,x 
K)npe;i'fejieHX kx neMy SKexpaopAWHapHBifi npo(J)eecopx Jl^aniajix 
BejijiaBCKifl. Ho CMepxn Py^toJib^a na BaKanxnyio Kaee;jpy no;ia.ix 
npofflenie a;ixH)HKxx-npo(|)eccopx anaxoMin n (|)H3io-ioriH ilcoBx 



^) Byiy^maro Jietioii-MeaHKa ii unpeKTopa MeAnuHHCKaro aenapiaMeHTa. 



— 64 — 

neTpoBi , npe^CTaBJiaa o Bpe;tHOM'j> BjiaHiH anaTOMnqecKHxi 
paooTx Ha ero 3;i;opoBBe. npesMeHTt (Bu/iAie) npe^^oiomHJi'B 
KOH(|)epeHBiiH cjifkjiSLTh BKaaMeHx Me5K;i:y nocji4;i;HHM'B h BejiJiaH- 
CKHMx; HO KOH^epenixia, oSiacnaa, ^to eB neHBaicTHH o6a 
KaH;iH;i;aTa onnxaMH bxi. ssaHifi bi HayBaxx BaRaHTHOfi Kaee;(pii, 
npejiJioajHJia odiaBHiB KOHKypcx js,Jia. Bcfexx ace.iaiomiHxx; npesx 
HicKOJiKO BpeMeHH npesH^^eHTt ;iaj!'E Bnaxb KOH(|)epeHBiiH, hto 
Mhhhctp'b yTBep;^Hjn>, no ero npe;iCTaBJieHiEo, Jleona HeTpoBa 
npeno^iaBaTejieMT. CoiaHHKH h ^apMaKOJioria, a ^aHiajia Bejuan- 
CKaro, no ero npomeniK), a;i'BK)HKTOMx aHaxoMin h ^asiojioriH 
(cxp. 145). 

Kaee^pa anaxoMiH u (|)H3iojioriH; npo4)eccopoMi ea ocxae- 
jiBH^ KOJiJieaccKiB coBixHHK'B 3aiopcKiit\ aA^roHExoMi. ero cna^a-ia 
Sfcurx. flcoHX IlexpoBT., a qepesx vojii — JI^aHinJi'B BeJuancKiS 
(cxp. 145). 

IIo aHaxoMHHecKOMy Ka^Hnexy (cxp. 167): nposeExopi 
Heopcmil npe;iJioatHJi'i> npe3H;ieHxy 4 bockobhxx npenapaxa Hepena 
H noBBOHO^Haro cxojiCa, sa Koxoptie no oxBHsawL npo^eccopoBx 
3aiopCKatOj Eytua h BejiAaucnaio flBopcKifi sacjiyarHBa.i'B noom- 
peflie. 

Bi 1809 roAy, iiona 3-ro npH yqacxin rpa^a ApaKueeea 
nocxynHJii> nHcneKTopoM^ AKa;ieMiH cxaxcKifi cob4xhhkx due" 
lOMMo^ 6iiBmiB rjiaBBBiMi) ;iOKxopoMT> apMin n yBOJibneBmifica 
Hsx cjiy/K6H ex nencioHOMT). IIoMon^HHEaMH HHcneKxopa Cujih: 
BKCxpaopAHHapHHe npo^eccopa FaeBCKifl a BejuiancKifi h 
aA'F»H)HKx^-npo(|)eccop'B FepMan'B (cxp. 170). BejrjiaHCKifi sna^Hxca 
HM-B ;^o 1823 r. (cxp. 231). Bt nepio^^'b c% 1810—1822 rojia 
BejfjiaHCKifi snanHXca MJienoMi K0H4)epeHi^iH (cxp. 190). 

Bi 1812 rojiy. no pacnopaateniio KOH^epeHi^iH 6euo bo3- 
jjoJKeno Ha BeJuiancKaro ^jHxaxB jieKi^ia anaxoMin BOcnnxaHHe- 
KaMi ynpaBOTenearo (|)apMai;eBXHHeCKaroox;i1}jieHia^ nepeMimen- 
HHMi BT. oxji-ijieHie Me;iHn,HHCKoe. 

3Bcxpaop;[HHapHufl npo(|)eccopx BejiJiaHCKifl nepeBejix 1-h> 



— 65 — 

?acT& PocciflCKOfl noJieBOfi ^apifaRoneH, npHHATOfl b% pyEOBo^- 
CTBO no oiipe;^']kJieHiH) B0H(|)epeHi:(ii3 h cl corjiacifl npesHAeHTa 
(CTp. 176). RaeeApa anaTOMiH h (|)R3ioj[oriH: npeno^^aeaTejieMi 
(bji asa;(eMBKi IleTpi SaiopcKvU^ npn eeMi a^'BioHRTi, aKCTpa- 
op;(HHapHiifl npo(|)eccop'B Jt^aeiHJi'B BeJuaHCfcifi npeno;^aBaj[i> 
nepBsiJi HacTH aHaTomiH h sa BUCJyry ji^ti npOE8Be;(eH7> b'b 
1814 r. opwHapnuMx npo^eccopoMt (cxp. 192). 

Bx 1819 r. ^Hsiojiorifl (coeAHHABinaflCfl npea^^^e cb anaTOMieK)) 
BMicTi ct naiojioriefi cocTasHJiH oco6yH) Kaee^py; npo4)eccopoMi 
ea Ha3Ha?eH'L aKa;^eMHR'B JI^aHinji'L BeJuaHCKifl, CuBmifi m> Ka- 
HecTB'6 aAiEOHRTa ao Baee;^P'lk aHaTOMia n 4>B3ioJiori0. Bl ape- 
nojtaBaniH npeAMeTOBi owh cj[i;^OBaj['B no o6ii^eS ^HBiojioriii 
OneHy^ BUj^aBaa saaECRH cboh, npe^lCTaBJi^Bniifl bx coRpa- 
meniH Naturgeschichte, h no nacTHOfl ^^^^iojorin — BaM- 
mepy^ TaKse b'b sanncRaxx; RpoM^ Toro, no pacnopfl^eniH) 
ROH(j)epeHi^iH^ HasHanajiacB Bt pyROBOjicxBo (|)H3iojioria HpoxacKu^ 
nepeBe;(eHHafl BejuaHCRHMX 1822 ro;ia ^). HaTOJioria npenojia- 
BMacb no coScTBeHHHM'B saaaCEaMx npo^eccopa (cTp. 197). 

Bi nepiojit ci» 1823 — 1839 r. snaHHTca, qio Beji- 
jaflCKifl npeno^^aBaJix (|)H3iojioriH) oCmyio no co6cTBeHHHMi sa- 
nHCKaMi), aqacTHyK) no ^H^ioJiorin npo^eccopa IIpoxacKu, hmx 
nepeBeAeHHoil; naTOJioriio no co^HHeniio npo(|)eccopa raprnMana^ 
Tasffie HMTb nepeeeiieHHOMy (cxp. 269). 
[ Kaoe^pa ^asioJioriH h naTOJiorin sa xoit 5Ke nepio;i;x: sa- 
^ H^Maji^ 9xy Raeejipy ci nanajia ea oCpasoBaHia ao 1837 r. sa- 
! CJiyateHHHfi npo4)eccopi BejuiancRifi; no yBOJiBHenin ero npeno- 
i WBaHie npe;^MexoB'B nopy^eno aA'BiOHKX'B-npo^eccopy A.ieKcan^^py 
\ 3aiopcKOMy, nponseeAenHOMy Bt cji'fe;iyK)meM'L ro^y op;i;HHapHHM'B 
I npo^eccopoM-B. B'B 1823 r. b'b jiojisrbocte a^troHExa npn npo- 



*) Cpe^H noHeTHHXT) H.ieHOB'b MenHmiHCKOH IleiepSyprcKOH AKanewiH sa 
nepioflT) OTi 1810—1822 r. SHaiaTCfl etHCKie npo(})eccopa Feopriii JlpoxacKa n 
<l>HJBnm> Fa^pmMam (IIpoaopoBT), cip. 185 h 187). 



66 



4)ecQopt BejiJiaHC£OM'B cocTOfljii> ;iobtop'b FepMaei EuAtHuZf 

KOTOpuS Bl> TOlfB Se TO][,Y yBOJBHHJICJI. fii 1825 r. nocjaH!B 

3arpaHHi]iy ajia ycoBepmeHCTBOBaeifl b^ eayBaxi axofl BaeeApH 
BOHqHBmifi Bi aRaAeifiH nypci Hayxi ex oTJinqieMi JilBaps 
CaeHeuKOj Boxopufi, BOBBpaTUBniHCB ex cBoeMy M'^cxy, bx 1831 
roAy ynepx. Bx 1834 rojuy onpe^'&JieH'E a^iioHBTOHi AjescaHXp'B 
SaropcBifi, ROTopufi npn bobohx pacnpe^^tJieHiH Baeexpx onpe- 
jLtjieHX Kx Baee;(p']k rHHexoneAiaTpiH, a no yBOJibHeHiH BeJiJiaH- 
CBaro 03T> asa^ieMiB nepeBej[[eHi na m'j^cto ero HcnpaBJiflioiiiHH'B 
jiOAssiROCTh npo(|)eccopa (cip. 255). 

Bx 1834 r. BejjraHCBifl fiujix qjieeoMx npaBJieHia aBa;(eHiH 
(cxp. 289). 

Bi» 1818 r. Ha M-icxo BacHjia JfofcyuKoecKaw^ nocxynHB- 
maro bx XapLSOBCKifi yHHBepcHxeTx npo(|)eccopoM'B, nocxyraii 
6H6jiioxeBapeMx aKa;^eMHKx BejuraHCKiS (cxp. 220). Cx 11 -ro 
reHBapa 1839 ro;^a aKajteMHqecKaa finSjiioxeKa eaxo^HJiacB n 
saB'i^ABiBaHiH 6a6jiioxeBapfl MOaueecKato (cxp. 393). Bi hecjA 
pasHUXx Jiniiiiv, jiapnBuiHXT) RHnm bi axy 6Er6j[ioxeBy sHaqnTca 
u npo(|). BejJiaHCBifi (cxp. 223). Bi nepio^ix cocxoflnifl aBaAeMifl 
Bi» Bi^ieHin MnnncxepcxBa BnyxpeHHaxx ^iji J],aHiHJ[i BeJi- 
jiaHCKiS, sacjy^seHHKifi npo({). ^SA'^niHeS aRa^eniH^, qscJiHTCJi 
Me^s^y noqexHUMH qjieeaHH ea (cxp. 244). 

JlaxepaxypHEifl yBasaeifl coo^n^aioxi o6i> HBAaHiii BaiJiaH- 
CBHMt „BiojiorHqecKaro nscJi'bjiOBSimsi npnpoAH" bx. 1813 ro;iy, ^) 
„$H3iojioriH" IIpoxacKU bx 1822 r. (cxp. 238) h nepesow 
Kmukc jiqeniH eo»h no IIpHCHHBiy (cxp. 435). 



') OmHOOHHO. BMtCTO 1812 r. 



— 67 — 

TOHX, sasi CMOTpijii BejijaQCKifi HaJii^eme <5ojibheix'b 
t^BOHHH KOjiJieraMH, coxpaHHJicfl CA'bfijJomii pascRas^. 

OAHas;^£i npe^CTaBJiflJiHCb BHJijde no BaROMy to cjiynaio 
Bci npo4>eccopu aRaAeiciH, h ohi cupocuwb BejiJiaHCBaro: sa- 
bhh:b CHHTaeTi owh CBoero sata, APSTopa CoBOJOBa? nOwh 
mHumz^j OTB^Hajii cnpomeHHufi, jiSoAhuuxz, a wb Hays'i hh- 
csojBKO He onepe;(HJ['B Apyraxi: dfia^ms ctojbko se, cbojibko 
R BasABifi*'. BajTJiie yj[ii6HyjiCfl h CBasaji: „Bu HeHSM'i&HBu, 
J,aHiHj['B MBxafijOBHn! ^ 



npenoAaBaein BejuiancKaro sM'bioTCfl laBia CBEj^iTejih' 
<jTBa. ^CMOipa Ha ^HsioJioriio h ofin^yjo naTOJioriio ci to'^bh 
spieifl oiejiJiHHroBofi h OKenosofi <j[>HJioco4>iH, stot'b BeJis^aSmifi 
H3i pyccKHXX HaTyp$HJioco(J)OB'B BHpa6oTaji'B HSt coAepasaHia 
({)H3ioJioriH aficTpaKTi h ;^o Toro ywijii* saBjreHB hm^ MO.io;iHe 
yMH cBOHXi* cjrymaTejiefi, ito na ero JieKi^iH CMOxpijiH, Basx 
Ba KaKoe to OTKpoBeHie h BOCxamaJHCB hmh ;^o caMOsadBenia. 
Eypcx ero 6Hjn», mo»ho CKasaTB, CesnpepHBHHMT) aKCTaBOiwB, 
KOTopoMi SHBinie y^eHHKH ero He mofjih bchomhetb 6e3X 
BocTopra Aaae lepesi 20 jriTx no Buxojui hb'b aKaAeMin. 3a- 
MiqaTCJiBHO npn 8tomi>. hto BeajrancBifl ne jioShjix anaTOMia h 
HHKor;ia ho saHHMajica ero npaKTH^ecKH, xoxa h nepBOHanaarBHo 
H c^HTajica a^'BroHKTOM'B npH Kaee^p* aHaTOMin. Moatexi 6utb, 
aTO OT^yat;^eHie otx anaTOMiH h 6hjio npannHoro Kpafinaro yBjre- 
HeHia ero bx oTBJieqeHHHa c4>epH" ^). 



*) Cip. 129 Bi CTaibt HHKOJiafl Poaanoea. 

2) A. H, ^ucmoeum, H. fl. ByflJibCKiH, PyccKafl CiapHHa sa 1876 r., 
<l)eBpajib (289-310) h Mapii (599-616),-cm. cip. 295, 296. 

5* 



— 68 — 

^CxyAeHTu cjymajiH erociTaBKHi BHHMaHieM'L, ^to, ecjB 
6u npo4>eccop'B ynoJiRi, to bi TEinHH'6 cxajio 6iz, Baseicii, 
csiimHo ABHseHie nayTHHu bi BosAyx*!. Bo Bpena jreBipH 
400 rjiasi cjrymaTeJtelt ho CBo;^HJH ex Hero Bsrja^a" *). 

He;i[ypHyH) xapaKTepncTBRy BeJiJiancKaro mh Haxo^^HHi y 
A. M. leetma *). 



H'iBOTopufl H31 co^HHemfi BejiJiaHCBaro 6ujih p^;^bocti>k> 
en^e npn shshh aBTopa ^). HeMyApeno, hto ao chxi nopi en^e 
h'It'b BnoJiH*! TOiHaro h eaAesHaro 6H6jiiorpa(|)HHecKaro onncaHifl 
Bcix'h TpyAOBii (|)HJioco$a. Bjume HHTaTejB yBHAHTx, HacBOJbso 
pa3HorjiacflTx bi> cboexx noKasaHiflX'L nncaBmie o B&iJiaHCEOHi, 
m!b BacaeTCfl ero coHnHeeifi. Oco6eHHO HepjimjHBa bi yBasaHiax'B 
CTaxBfl ^. K. Bi (^soBap']^ BenrepoBa: 6H6j[iorpa$n?ecBifl ^^aHHiifl 

JIh60 C0BCiMl> HeB^pHU, JIh60 TaBX HejmOGTaTOHHH H HeTO^HU, 

iTO sacTaBjfliOTi TepflTB noHanpacHy npn oTHCBaHin h t^jkIj 
HBpeMJi; TaKi, nanp., o cTSLihUbaanoeaj hbi BOTopoft nsBJieHeHa 
caMafl CTaTBfl B. E., He CBasano j^ase, tdtb ona noM'^n^ena 
(cTp. 215). 



->•-># 



*) PoaaHOBi, CTp. 107. 

^ «/(. M. BejiJiaHCRii h mejijiHHH3Mi> bb pyccROil MeAHi^HHt Hanajia XIX 
B'feKa*. «BpaHB» 3a 1895 Ton'h, tomb XVI, nepaoe nojyroflie, Jg 26, cip. 725- 
728 H BTopoe nojiyroAie, 3fe 27, crp.' 763, 764 h JI 28, cip. 788—791. Y Beflre- 
poBa (CTp. 215) HenpaBHJiBHo: J^fe 28— « 

') PoaanoBB, cip. 105. 



OpHTHHajibHue Tpynu. 

1) EpoAioaiH El MexHAHHi, RaBi ocBOBaTeJBHolt nayBi^ 
OTi ^aHHJiu JBejuaHCiicato, CIIE, 1805^ 8^. npe;(7Bi;taMJieHiey 
TescTa 79 cxp. h ^onenaTKH^. PeiieBsifl (He6jiaronpiflTHaA) na 
8Ton Tpy^i: j^JuueA^^ nepio;(HiiecBoe HsxaHie HBasa Mapmu- 
wea Ha 1806 r. nacrb nepsaa, BHESBa nepsaa ^), ot;^^^^ Y, 
EpHTHKa, cTp. 65 — 73. Bi orJiaBjeniH omH^Ba: BiflcTO ^Bps- 
THKa* — V. nOJIHTHBa — CTp. 63, B VI. HcToplfl — TO»e CTp. 63. 

2) Dissertatio physico-medica de reformatione theoriae 
medicae et physicae anspicio philosophiae natnralis ineiinte, 
Petropoli, 1807. 

3) BioAOiuHecKoe uacAtbdoeaHte npupodu ei TBopan^eifB h 
TBopHMOMi ea BaiecTBi^ coAepsamee ocHOBnnfl HanepTaHifl ') 
Bceo6ii;efi ^HsiojioriH. CoHHeeHie ^aHHaa BejiJiaHCBaro, CUE, 
1812, 8^. THTyjit, nocBamenie HnnepaTopy AjteBcaH^py I. — 2 
JHCTsa BeHyMepoBaHu, y,UfeAJB^^ouleEie^ XVI CTp. h 446 CTp. 
TeBCTa. 06n^ee noBasaflie coxepsaHifi 447 — 464 (i^H^pa 6 — 
oneqaTBa bm^cto 5, Bcero CTpasHi^i Be464, a 454) b 2BeByM. 
CTpaBHi^ii „oneHaTBB^. 



^) y Beniepoea TOJibRo: c^u^et*, 1806, }^ 1, 

') no yiaaaHiK) PosaHcma, 15 nenaTHuxi jihctobi (cTp. 136). Y Benre- 
fOBa-1806. 

^) y BenrepoBa HCBtpHo: oHepiaHifl n cip. XYI4-464. 



— 70 — 

4) 0U3io4OiUHecKaH npoipaMMa o BHifflHHxt HyBCTBaxi^ 
BHyTpeHHHxi A'SftcTBiaxx Mosra ^) k Hapy^sHnxx OHepTaniaxi 
TOMBU AJia pyKOBOACTBa Bt npHBETHMXi JeK^iax'B H31. opraHH- 

HeCBOfi 4)H3HKB. COB., 1819. 8^ CTp. 10. 

5) KoucneKfm TJiSLBEux% coAep^Kamfi o6ii^efi 4>B3HKn. 006.^ 
1830, in 8^, cxp. 16. „KoHcneKrB" BOcnponsBe^^eHi y EoAwnaHoeaj 
^Biorpa^ifl AjieBcaej^pa HBanoBHia RotueAeea^ ^) nojuh sarjiaBieHS 
„nporpaMHany6j[H?H£ix'B HTenifi npo$. BeMaHCKaro bi C.-IIeTep- 
fiyprt bx 1830 r.** PaBHUMi o6pa30M'B ^KoHcneKTx" Shjix bcck 
BocnpoHSBeAeHx bx CBoe Bpena (fiesi co6j[H)AeHifl opeorpa(|»iH aBTo- 
pa) H ci yKasanieM'B na ofi'BJiBjreHie JVs 2 yfitbeepmA BmAu^ b-r 
aypHajii ,,C?««» OmeHeomea u GrbeepimH Apxu&h^^ Ha 1831 r.^ 
T. XVII (CuHa Oxe^ecTBa I39-fl, a C*Bepkaro ApxHBa 53- fi)^ 
^2 I, OTK. Ill, (|)H3HBa, cxp. 37 — 49. B";^ oriaBJieHifl onenaTKa: 
137 BM*CTO 37 % 

Pei^eesifl ea „RoHCneBTi^ HM'j&eTCfl bx arypnaji']^ ^MocbobcbIS 
Tejerpa^x" sa 1831 ro;tx, nacTt 37-a, JV2 2, sHBapB. 0T;^4Jl^: 
^CoBpeneHHafl 6n6j[iorpa^ifl^^ — „PyccBafl jiHTepaTypa", cip. 
259—262 *). 

6) OnuTHaji, Ha6jiH)AaTe;iBHaji n yMOspHTejbHaji ^uauna^ 
HSJiaraioiiiafl npnpo;i(y bx Be^ecTBeHHHXx BBjiiaxx, A^ATejiBHuxs 
CHjaxx H Bna^^^yn^EXx Hanajiaxx HeopraHH^ecBaro nipa — cociaB- 
Xflfon^afl nepByK) nojiOBHHy 9Hi^BKJ[one;^iH ({)H3H^eCBHXx nosnaHiS. 
CoiEHeHie ^afiinjta BejJiaHCBaro. Cx leTnpBMfl rpaBHpoBaHHEiMB 
xa^^im^aHH. CIIB. 1831, 8^ Tnxyjx ir nocBameme (2 jHCXKa) 



^) Moara h'^ti 7 B. K. bi> cjiob. BenrepoBa (cip. 2i8— 249). 

«) Tom I, KHHra II, cip. 434—438. 

') BenrepoBa GjiOBapb yRasuBaeri) ary cTaTbio npocTo: Cub's etc., sa 
1834 r., J& 1 H omH6o9HO c^iiTaeTi ee omaueom o «HoHcneKTi», Torjia RaK^ 
TyTi ToJiLKO penpoAyRi^iff reKCTa, h Hi^Ti bh Hajttmaro OTsuaa. 

^) y BenrepoBa npocio: <MocEOBCKift Tej[erpa(t)%». 1831 r., X 2 (flRBapa 
iiJiH j)eBpajifl?). 



— Ti- 
ne HyMepoBEBH. ^DpexHCJioBie^ IV CTp. „ OrjiaBJieHie cojtepxa- 
nifl' 2 CTpaH. HeHyM. TeBCTi 900 cip., oneqaxBH 2 HesyM. 
,HMeHa vocuojs,'h npeHyicepaHTOB'B no BpeiceHH uxi> noAnHCBH " — 
6 HenyM. CTp. 

Oj^Ha roiaBa hs'b ^^HsaBs*' noasHJiacb b'b iBypHaii „Moc- 
BOBCBilt Tejierpa^x" sa 1831 r., nacxb 40-a, aBrycTi, jHs 15, 
CTp. 321 — 334. ,CojHne**, oxpHBOKi est Hosaro coiEHCHia 
1^. M. BejJiaHCKaro. PexaBii;iH oroBapnBaeroi ex npErMd^^iaHiEt: 
,3aMiTHM'B BA'icb, HTO no sejiaHiH) aexopa bx npeAJiaraeMOM'B 
I^HTaTejflH'B OTpE[BR'& MU BX TO^HOCTH co6j[K)j[KaeH'B ero npaBO- 
BHcaHie". CTaTLfl HanenaTaHa 6es'h noj^pasj^'ljieHifi, a bx ot- 
pjbHOMx HSAaeia ^^hbhrh*" BaHEinaeTx ;i[Ba §§ 136 h 137 — 
pa CTp. 152—163 ^). 

Cjihskomi beexo;^']^ bx cb'^T'b ^^hshkh*' onoB'i^EDiajiH 
BKpaxi^* ^MocKOBCKifl Tejerpa(|)x* 3a 1831 r. qacTt 38-fl, 
jcapii, Kt 6, Cm*cb, cxp. 290— 291h „MocKOBCKifl BtCTHHBi* 
3a 1830 r., toctb II, iNs VIII, JlHTepaTypHEia Hobocth, cxp. 
397. nocj^AHifl nHmeri: „Ero (BejijaHCsaro) coHUHenie o6hh- 
MaerB bch) npHpoAy h, cj'bj^oBaTejbHO, ero ^HSHB'ik jtaeo Apyroe 
3BaHeHie, a He to, b% BOTopoHx oea o6HBHOBeHHo npHHHMaeTca. 
FoBopflTi, HTO 4^BJioco4>'B-HaTypaj[ncT'L eami) Haif&peHi SA'bcb 
naqajia npisBiiMaeMofl hicb Teopie npHJomBTB bx caMtiHi lacT- 
HUM^ aBJieHiflM'L n pasBHTb noitpodno. JIiofionHTHO yBHA'i^TB, 
iMtKx HcnojHHT'B oHi cic HpeAnpiflTie**. 

n^asHBa*' BUBBaia „Pa36op'b ^hshbh r. BeJuiaecBaro n 
;^py^HX^ HOBiflmaxx aBTopoF^i**. ^acTB nepBaa, CHE. 1834 , 
HeeyM. 8 [THTyj-B, orjiaBjenie (^aiBe b BTopoft qacTH, ne euviedvieUt 
vh CB*TT>) 4 CTp., npe^HCJi. 2 CTp.], TeBCTa 127 CTp., na oco- 
6oux jiHCTB']^ one^aTBB, BBpaBmiaca bi HthKomopue (?) aRseMn- 
japii. Bx Ha^aj'b bhhfh rpas. Ta6jiBii;a co cTHxaMH: BsrjaA'B 



^) BenrepoBa Gjosapb npiiBOABTi ce, RaKi> OC067H) ^RypnaJibHyH) craTbto 
<CTp. 221). 



— 72 — 

Ha BejiHqie, ycxpoScTBO Mipo3AaHbfl Mucjlb CMepiHuxi i^ine- 
HHTi, BOJiHyeT'B rpy^b — cepwa. 0! HeAocTOHHi toti h HaHHe- 
HOBaHBfl, Kto Bi HeMi He nosHaerB BejiH^ifl TBopi^a. 

7) OcflOBHoe Ha^epiaHie oCmfii h tocthoA ^uaioAOiiu^ 
HJH 4>H3HKE[ opraHH^ecKaro nipa. Jl^Jifl pyROBOACTBa bi npeno- 
jiaBamH) ^HsioJorHqecEHXi JieKn;ifl. CIIB., 1836, 8®, cxp. VI 
^ HenyM. 4-X4-4 orjiaB.4-502. IIocBan^aeTCfl IOhhmx PocciaHaMi, 
saHHMaion^BMCfl $fl3HqecKHMa h ncHXHHecBHMH HayKaifH, H se- 
jiaK)ii;HM'B HM'&TB Bucmee, HCTHHHoe nosnaHie opraHnqecsoB 
HpepojiH H cymecTBa qejiOBtTCCKaro**! 9nHrpa(|)'B hsx Henrich 
Steffens'a: Die Atomenlehre unserer Tage verliert sich, bey 
der Erklarung physischer Krafte, in die wildesten Hypothe- 
sen, welche den zukfinftigen Zeiten als merkwQrdiges Denkmal 
der Verirrungen des menschlichen Verstandes erscheinen 
werden! 



OpKTHHaJIBHUH »ypHaJIbHBIH CTRTBH. 

« 

1. „0 cojifli^'b, cb4t'6 h Tenjioii". BicTHHKt EBponu, 
HSAaBaeMuS Bjiaj^HMipoifB HsMailAoeuMh^ 1814 r., qacTb 75-fl, 
Mafl, JVs 9, oiji,. II. HayBH. Cip. 16 — 29. ^aTapoBaHO 1 Mapia 
1814 r. % 

CiaTLfl Hanecana no noBOAy craTBH bi aBaAeMEqecsoMi 
M^cfli^ocjiOBt. Cm. „ CaHBTneTep6yprcBid EapManHBifi m^cai^o- 
cjob'b". IleqaTaHO npn UMnepaTopcBolt AKa^eMin Haysi na 
jiiio 1814, BOTopoe ecTB npocioe, coAepaan^ee vh ceCi 365 
wefi; XXIV CTP. + 312. 

„Pa3HUfl coHBHeniu" saBJiioqafOT^: 

1) IIpoAOJiateHie ^HaqepTanifl CHCieMH Mipa" — „(7o4»t(6" 
(Bx orjiaBjreHiH oniHCBa: ne cb 1, a co 2), cip. 1 — 128. 



*) y BenrepoBa oraHOOHHO: 1814, J& 4 



— 73 — 

3to ^KpaiKoe HaqepTaeie CHCxeMBi Mipa^, HauHcaHHoe 
oqeHb nonyjiflpHO h yAo6onoHflTHO, npHTOMi BnojiH'& jHiepa- 
TypHUMx H Becbua xopomHMi asBiROMXy TflHeiCfl ^epe3i mhofo j'&tx 
Micfli^ocjOBOBi. Tasx b7> ^MiCAi^ocjiOBf sa 1812 r. HaxoAflMi: 
.KpaiBoe Ha^epxaHie CHCieMH Mipa", cxp. 35 — 206^ saMH)- 
Haion^ee cJitAyioniifl CTaTbii: cyTo^HOM'E j^BHseeiH seiijiH, 
CTp. 37; FoxoBoe iBHsenie aeun, 54. CHCTeiia Mipa, 81, Ren- 
jiepoBH sasoHEi, 108^ ^HSH^ecRaa acTpoHOMifl, 135, 3aK0H'B ne- 

AiftCTBeBHOCTH, 137, CpeXOMOHHOft CHJli COJHI^a, 141, 

SasoHi cpexoBJioBHOfi chjibi, 143, XXpHTjiraTejBHafl cejia ecTB 
o6mfie CBoScTBO Ben^ecTBa, 148, OHaToase, ?t5 h xjisBecTB, 151, 
BceodmeH'E TflroT^HiH, 156, B'fcc^ ue6ecBux% T'kii, 164, 
EjjBiiTHqecKoe xBHsenie luiaHeT'B, 181, BOSMyii^eHiflxi ej- 
jEnTEqecxaro xBHaceHifl, 187, B0je6aHiH Beiije HjyHu, 190^ 

npBJIHBi H OTJHB'fe, 193, BOSiymHEIX'b BaMHflX'b, 197^ 

norox*, 202. 

Micfli^ocJiOB'B Ha 1813 r. saBJriOHaeTi bi ce6i: I). Rpax- 
Koe HaqepxaHie CHCxeiiEi xipa (HpoxojiseHie), cxp. 25 — 134, a 
HMeHHo: Tonorpa(|)ifl He6a, 37, SeuM, 38, Jlyea, 50. M']§cflito- 
<^0Bi Ha 1815 r. nocBan^aex'B xofi «e cxaxbi (npoxojimeHie), 
<;Tp. 1 — 100; BeHepa — cxp. 13, MepKypift — 71 h Mapcx — 84. 
Ha 1816 roxi: cxp. 1 — 115, aHMenno, lOnHxepi — 1, Caxypnt, 
47, ypaHiS, 95, qexupexi HOB'^fimHX'B njnanexaxT*, 102. Ha 
1817 rox* — cxp. 25 — 200: Konexaxi — 25, ^ecjio KOMexi, 32, 
cyxflxi BOMex'B, 59, (|)H8HqecB0M'b cocxoahIh ROMexi, 126. 
M.icsinocJioB'b sa 1818 r. xaexi noxx x^mi ase otintBifL saro- 
JOBBOMi cxaxBH): UjiaHexHafl CHCxeifa, cxp. 1 — 190. 1819 r. 
BMtmaexi „npoxoJi»eHie" xofi me cxaxBH h xpasxyexx „0 He- 
noxBHSHuxx SB'fcsxaxi'', cxp. 1 — 114. 

CxaxBfl BejiJEaHCBaro BEisBaja pisByH) oxhob'^Xb bi M'b' 
<umocj[OB'b sa 1815 r.: Cm^cb. Hh xa-ao ne oxb^x^b na BpHXHBy, 
'Cxp. 185 — 216. Asxopx He HaaHsaexi B-aro no HMeHH: (cxp. 

188) „BpHXHBX EB,Un> (BOerO MEI JI^JIS. H36i3iaHia BCflBOff JHl- 



— 74 — 

HOCTH, OZEBMEWh Y^eVLOfO 6yKB0H) ^ )*'... ^OKTOpi? 6 TO^eKl 

nocji* ^? 

3) Saifb^iaHifl ea cxaTLK) jETepaTypHaro ^paHi^yscsaro 
atypHajia LeFaret. „JlHTepaTypHaa FaseTa*' sa 1830 r , JV2 16. ^). 

4) %o »e RacaeTca ciaTbH: ^KpaTRoe H8Bje<ieHie bsi 
^HSHKH*', TO OHa f^ nodntccauay ho eac^eT'B asiopcTBa Be^- 
jiaHCBaro CBHA^TejikCTByeT'B ero ofiiflBJieHie b'b JHs 133 ^C^sep- 
Hofi n?ej|[fii^ sa 1832 r., BocnpOBseej^eHHoe b'b „Mocbobgboui 
TeJierpa(|)f 8al832r., Jr2 6,MapTi, Cm'6ci>, ^Busob'b, cA^jiaHHiift 
AsaAeMHROMi ^. M. BejuiaHCKHMT (cTp. 303 — 305) cm. cxp. 305: 
...^Aemopz cocTasHJi'B RpaTBoe HSBjeneHie^ etc OsarjiaBJieHa oea 
TaBi»: „KpaTBoe mBM^euie hs'b 4>b8hbh aBa^eMEBa BearjiaHCKaro, 
1831 r., C.-neTep^Jyprt". Ciihi> Ore^ecTBa n C^BepHufi ApxHBi 
sa 1832 r., tomi 28-fi (Oiraa OreiecTBa ^. 150-fl, CiBepHaro 
ApxHBaH.64-a), XXIV, ot;^. III. (|)H3HEa, cip. 212 — 243 (oroh- 
laHie BnpeAt), XXV, II, ^HSHBa, — iipowJ»eHie, cip. 268— 
295 (onATb: OBOH^aHie BnpejKb), XXVI, II, ({^HBBBa, — OBOHqaeie, 
CTp. 349—358 '). 

5) CTaTbfl „CojiHAe" 6ii;ia yBasaea Bunie, npH co^HHemH 
„$fl80Ba^, Boero OTpuBOBi ona cociaBJifleTi. 



*) y BenrepoBa, cip. 221. 

^) y BcHrepoBa npocTo: Cuhi OieH., 3a 1832 r, 150. 



nepesonbi A- M. BejutaHCKaro. 

1) HaiaJibHHfl ocflOBaflifl Bceo6iB,iix'b qacTefl Bpa^edHHa 
HayRH. yiedflafl sH^ra co^HHeHHaji J(. loaneoM'B Jlfi^EEAOWh 
ifemepoMz, ^) HaABopHUMi cos'ikTHHKOMx H Bpa?e6Haro Hcsyc- 
CTsa opAHHapHum npo(|)eccopoM'L. Bx ReHnrG6epr'& 1792 r. 
HepeBejii ex niMei^Karo C.II. Me^^HKO-XnpyprHHecKOfl AKa^e- 
Mia CTy^eHT'L J^auuAo BeAAaucKH ^). Ha;iHB€HieMx Tocy^^ap- 
CTBCHHofi MeAH^HHCKofl KojiJieriH. Bx CaHETnexepGypri, 1799^) 
roj^a. Ero ^peBOCxo;^HTeJ[bCTBy FocnoiEHy TafiHOMy CoBiTHHKy, 
Ero HMnepaTopcRaro BejnqecTBa A'^fiCTBHTejibHOMy RaifMeprepy, 
Focyj^apcTBeHHOfi MexHi^HHCROif BOJJieriN IIpesHAeHTy n EaBa- 
jrepy BacuAm HuHOAoeeuuy SuHoeheetfy Mhjcoctbbomy rocy;[apK) 
nocBamaeTca cefl TpYjs,i> bx sHaKx rjiyCoiaftmaro no^HTaHia, 
6jiaro;^apHOCTH h ^pe;^aHHOCTH ot-l nepeBOjiHHKa. — Majiaa 8^, 
CTp. 222 + 2 *) HenyM. ^orjraBJieHie cojiepaKama". 

2) npasTHqecKaa Mej^ei^HHa hjh BHnra o nosHaHiH h j'fc- 
HeeiH 6oji'6sReS nejroB'bqecBHX'K. Co^. Jl^. XpHCTiaea FoTjiisda 



*) A He Maarepa, KaKi neBipeo y BeHreposa, V, 221. 

*) no DOJihcKOMy o6pa3uy. 
j *) A ee 1792, kbki y KoAwnauoea, Biorpa^ifl KomejieBa, I, 2, cip. 298. 

i *) A He 222+4, Kairb y BenrepoBa. 



— 7G — 

CeAM. IlepeBeji'B ci» H^iiei^Raro, bsi ce^nnaro vLzmmz C.n. 
Me^lHKO-xnpyprHqecKOfl ARajteiiiH RaejiHxaT'B Mej^ni^HHEi h xh- 
pypriH JlmuAO BeAAaHcniH. CHB, 1802, 8^ 16^) + 792 + 12 CTp. 
HeH. ^orjiaBJieHie". BTopoe nswHie BHmjio bx 1806 r., in 8^. 

3) OnstcaHie rjiaBHuxx i('6jiHTej[bHux'B bo;ii» bi» FepiiaHiH, 
ocHOBaHHoe Ha coGcTseflHuxi onniaxx. Co^. rycfieAanda. Ilep. 
ct h4m. CnB, 1816 r., 8^ 

4) Odn^aji naeojiorifl ^HJinnna ^) Eapjia FaprnMana^ aor- 
Topa B npo4)eccopa uejmnEEu bt> B'j^hcrom'l yHHBepcHTexi. 
nepeBe^eHa ci H'6Meii;Raro aRa^^exHROMx, cTaicRHMx cob^thh- 
ROMx H RaBajiepoM'B ^anejiOMi BejiJiaHCRHMi. CIIB, 1825 ro^a, 
8^ TaiyjiT., 3 nen. CTp. ^IIpeAHCJiOBie", 1 nyciaa cip., „orjaB- 
jEeme cojtepKaHifi*' 6 nee., TeRCxa 650 cxp., ^norpiniHOCTH" — 
2 HeH. 

)j. 

5) 7. roAyxoecKiH, $HJioco$ifl^ OTHOcanjiaflCfl Ri ^) shshh ^,.1 
i^'fcjiBix'B Hapo;^OE'B n Ram;^aro nejiOB'^Ra. nepeBo;^'B cb H-bM. CUB, u 
1834, 8^ 

6) ^HsiojEorifl hjh nayRa o eciecTB^ qejtOB'&HecROMx. Co- 
qnHeHie ;(ORTopa h npo4)eccopa Feoprifl ^) UpoxacnUj nepeBe;(eHO 
ci H'^Mei^Raro, ms^ uocji^aesivo usjis^iiisi 1820ro;(a; aBaAeMHRom, 

CiaTCRHM'B COB^THHROMl H RaBaJiepOMl JIfiBUJlOiiT> BeJIJiaHCSHMl. 

CIIB., 1822, 8°, THTyjix, „OrjiaBjieHie co^^epsaHifi'' — 2 Hen. 



*) y BenrepoBa oraH6oHHo: 1 6+982-+- 22 cip. 

'^) y BeHreposa neBtpHo: O. TapTHaHa. y KoJiionaHOBa: narrojioriii. 

^) y PoaaHOBa: omHocumtAbHo (cip. 137), KoJiy6oBCKift Bi nepeBort «Hct. 
HOB. (I)HJi.», II6epBerd-refiniie (cTp. 524 npmi.) i^HTHpyeri coHHRenie oniiTb HHane: | 
«OHJioco4)ifl Bi efl OTHonieein K^ uttAu napoAOBi h oTAtJibnuxi iiDAeH*, — one- | 
BHAHo, HeB'IpHO, noTOBfj HTO fltueiiRoe sarjiaBie rpy^a FojiyxoBCKaro: Die Phi- 
losophie in ihrem VerMltniss znm Leben ganzer YQIker und einzelner Men- 
Bchen; •i^'&jih* h^ti! 

*) y BenrepoBa— TOJibKo 634 CTp. n l^p. IIpoxacRH; y KojionaHOBa (cTp. 
29Syieppa(?) IIpoxacKHl 



— 77 — 

• CTp., ^npewcJiOBie"— 4 Hen., TeBCia — 634 cxp., ^OnenaTEH" — 
2 HenyM. 

B. R. uojiosusrejihEo omHGaeTCfl, jhipsiB ^), hto npo3o- 
poBx npHnHCHBaeTi btotx nepeBoj^i SI. B. HeTpoBy. HaotfopoTi, 
BOTX iTO roBopHTi IIpoaopoBi: 

I) no pacnopaseHiK) R0H4)epeHi^iH HaseavajiacB bi pyRO- 
BOACTBo 4>K8ioj[orifl npoxacKH, nepeeedeunaH BejMmcKUMh 1822 
row 0. 

II) nepesejit BeAAancKiH co'iViEQEi^ IIpoxacKHj ^Hsiojoria 
MB HayM..... H T. ;^. bx 1822 r. ^) 

ni) ^acTflyio ^BsiojioriH) npenoAasaJi'L BejrjaHCRifi no(|)H- 
siojiorie npo(|). IIpoxacBH, uMh nepeseAeHHOfi ^). 

TaBHifB ofipasoifB IIposopoBx mpuotcdu npenBCUBaeT'L 
dTOTx nepeBo;^!) BejiJiaHCBOMy. 

HasoHeiCB, bi THxyjii nepeBO^a 1822 ro;^a apaMO CBasaHo: 
„nep. ct ^ocJIi;^Ha^o HtMeuKaro HS^aeia 1820 r. jl,. Be-uiaH- 
cshm'b''. HejTBsa npe^nojiaraTB Tyxi no;iJora! 

?T0 a&e Bacaeica RHHre: HaciaBJieHia ecxecTBociioBia ?e- 
JOBiqecRaro wa pyEOBo;^CTBa npn ^pe^o;^aBaHiH. Co^hh. F. 
UpoxacRH. nepeBo;^x ct Jiax. 2 q. CHE. 1809. 8'. 290 + 241 
cxp.j TO ee HyatHO, noBH^HMOMy, hcrjuohhtl hsx chhceobi pa- 
6oTx BejiJiaHCRaro , h6o IIposopoBx ^) yRasHBaeTt: nHcoHx 
IleTpoBi nepeBeJix ci ^lamt^MC^aio asuRa na pyccRiif ^^^^i^'^oi'i^ 
HpoxacRH Bi 2-x'B qacxaxt, sa ixo noJiyHHJi'b 470 py6. Ha- 
rpas^eHia". ?to sflicB piqi> Hj^exi 06^ eainett RHHri, acHO no- 
TOMy, qxo 8X0 ynoMHHaHie oxHOCHxca r'b ^epio;^y „cocxoaHia 
AKa;^eMiH ao ^pHCoe;^HHeHia ea rx MHHHCTepcxBy Hapo;^Haro 
npocBimeHia, 22 naa 1810 ro;i;a" ^), RHHra a:e BBjmja bx 1809' 



*) y BenrepoBa, cip. 221. 

*) AKaaeMHHecKie aKiu, cip. 197. 

^) TaMi ate, CTp. 238. 

*) TaMi ate, CTp. 269. 

*) CTp. 177. 

•) CTp. 117-181. 



78 



roAy, a nepeBeAeHHaa BejiJiaHCKHMt bx 1822 ro;iy. KpoMi. 
Toro, roBopHTca o deyoc^ ^acTaxi h o nepeBO^t ct jiaTHHCKaro, 
TO^;^a KaKi BiimeAinifi bx 1822 ro^iy nepeBOAi> — ex H-iMei^Karo. 

t 

npoxacRa ^) H3;iajii cBoe py ROBo;i[CTBO cnanajra uo JiaxHEH 
nojii sarjaBieMx Institutiones physiologiae humanae in usum 
praelectionum conscriptae bx 2 Tonaxx, B'iHa, 1805 n 1806. 
H'^Mei^Kifi TescTX xoro me co^HHeniji Buineaix nofijb sarjiaBieMx 
Lehrsatze aus der Physiologie des Menschen, 2 Bd. 1797, II-eH 
UT HB^iania — 1802 h 1810. IIoJiHaa nepepa6oTKa pyKOBo;iCTBa 
^Hsiojorin BuniJiia ex 1820 r. na H'6MeAR0MX si^uis/b noAi* sa- 
rjaBicMx Physiologie oder Lehre von der Natur des Menschen, 
ex KOTopofi H 6hjix c^itjaHx nepeBOAx BejuaHCKHMx. To, iro 
IIposopoBX, roBopa o nepeBo;it XlexpoBa, ynoMEHaexx o ^s/Su- 
sioAOiiu^^ He jioji^ho CMyii]iaT&, h6o h JiaTHHCKaa pej^asi^ia, eni- 
Mei^Kaa, o6t Bx nojiJiHHHBKaxx nMeHyioTCfl „({)H8io;iorijiMH", TOJbBO 
neipoBx He y^epaajix aioro TepMnna, anepeBe^x ero cjobomx 
^ecxecTBocjioBie". 

Bx npe;iHCJiOBiH kx h3;i. 1822 r. BejuiancKifi hh cjOBa ne 
yaoMHHaexL o nepeBO^t jaxencKaro Hajtania. 

V; CBiri HxenJioxi, KaKX HSBicxHHxx cocxoamaxx Bce- 
Mipnaro ajieMenxa. Coq. OKena. IlepeB. ex niM. CIIB. 1816, 
8« ^j. 

8) KMHKe nAHaxoMB'iecKoe cxpoenie h (J)H8iojorHHecBoe 
jiMcxBie Koate, HSCJiiAOBaHHofi nocpe^iexBOMx MOKpocKona, h 
Jiiqenie xpoHH^ecKHxx fiojisHefl o;ihok) B0j^0K) no cnocofiy 



') KciaiH, n TeHHaflH (cip. 138, 139), h PoaaHOBX (cip. 136, 137), h B. K. 
<CTp. 221) omdOaiOTCfl, ciaBfl npe^i HMeneMX flpoxacKH: Fp.— IIpoxacKa 6HJII 
re(yp%m, a He FpHropiH. 

^) y BenrepoBa noKaaanx 1811 r. 



— 79 — 

npHCHHaa**'. nepeeoAi ct> wbvLenfi2i.ro npo(|)eccopa BejiJiaHCKaro. 

„BoeHHO-MeAfliieBCKift atypHaJi'B*' sa 1843 ro;^^, nacTb 41/) 2,3. 

CjiOBapb BenrepoBa iXHTHpyeii btot'b nepeBOAx coEpa- 

nieHHo: AsaTOMifl h (j[)B8ioJiorifl bosh h jieqeeie esi ao IIpHCHHuy. 

9) Kasi CBasaHO eume (crp. 64, 65) BesjaecKifi nepeBeJib 
aepBjK) HacTB noJieBofi ^^apMasoneH *). 

B^ 8Ty ate pySpHKy TpyAOBi BejiJiaHCBaro MoaiHo eme 
OTflecTH: 

10) TRebotruH MarHexHBM'b, npeiCTaBjeHHiifi bx hctoph- 
HecROMx, npaBTH^ecBOMi H eeopeiaqecBOM^ co;iepsaHiQ. IlepBUfl 
jLvb qacTH nepeBe^eHH msi* s'l^icei^Baro co^HHeHia npo4)eccopa 
EAyie, a xpeTiH) co^ihhhjt'b JiflMULJio BeJuaHCsifl. CIIE., 1818, 
8''. VIII -4- 404 + 6 HeHyMepoBaHHHXi — orjiaBJieBie co;^ep«aHifi 
H oneqaiRE. ?acTB xpeikfl „Oeopifl sHBOTHaro MarneTHBHa", 
bi 4 OTjitjeHiflX'L — opHriiHajibH£ifi xpyAX Be^nJiaHCBaro saHiiMa- 
erb 291—404 cip. '). 

Pei^eHsiji Ha „,3S.HB0THufi MaraeTHSM'B^: ^EjEaroHaM^pen- 
Hufi^, e^BeMl^cflHHiifl sypHawiTi, HSjiaBaeMbifi A. HsMailAoeuMd^ 
ex anHrpa^OMi: On fait ce qu'on peut Et non ce qu'on veut, 
?acTb IV, 3a 1818 i\, oKtaSpb, X, cxp. 116 — 118, HsBiciiH 
HOBuxi pyccKHXx KHHraxx. Pei^eHsia noAHHcana: ^pi Arbx 
rBpex *). 

11) 06o3piHie rjiaBHHXx coAepataflifi (|)HJioco({)HHecBaro ^) 
ecTecTBOBHaHia, Ha^iepTaHHoe nax co^HHenifi Onena ^. Beji- 
JiaHCKHMi. CnB., 1815, § 93, cxp. 41. 



') Jlposopoez (CTp. 435), noBUflHMOMy, omnCoHHO nHTepyeib lacTS 51. 

*) IlpoaopoBi, cip. 176. 

') y PoaaHOBa (cTp. 137) eeaibpHo: TeopeiHHecKOMb, y BeerepoBa (cip. 
221): eeopHTuqecKOMi, n dphtomi hhcjio CTpaHRi^i yKasano Bcero Jinnib 291, 
T. e. TOJ[bRo nepBHfl ab'& nepeBOAHUH naciii. 

*) y BeHrepoBa pacKpuTo: «fl. FoBopoBi*. 

*) y PoaanoBa: $HJioco(|)CKaro. 



80 



?T0 Racaexcfl nepeBO^a ^^apMaKonea, to mei He snaeMi, 
Chjix JiH HaneqaiaH^, h Tjsfb hmchho, nepeBo;?x BejiJiaHCKaro. 
y BHjiJiie HMeHH BejrjaHCKaro He ynoMHHaeTca. IlepBoe H3;^aHie 
BtinLio B-L 1808 r. no;?x sarjiaBieMt Pharmacopoeia castrensis 
Ruthenica auctore Jacobo Wylie, Petropoli h nocBameno: Ex- 
cellentissimo ac illastrissimo Domino Alexio Andreadi comiti de 
Araktschejew senatori etc... viro de patria ejusdem in primis 
militari re, meretissimo levidenses hasce pagellas d. d. d. 
auctor. Praefatio saHEMaext XIV cxp., hotomi CA^s.ju>T'h 12 
HenyM. cxp. (m^ph Bftca, BTopofi THTyji, onenaTBH Ch pyccKott 
npocB6oH) ofit HcnpaBJeHiH), xeKCxa 434-1-38 cxp. — pyccKoe 
^MH^Hie Me^HAHHCEaro CoB'feTa*, noAnncaHHoe: ^eKaat ^^OKTopi 
Bajepianx, qjeHi h y^eHHfi (sic) C. y;^eH'B. Tpenihe qsa. Biiffljo 
B% 1818 r. auctore J. W. equite Baronetto editio tertia auctior 
jussu augusti imperatoris. IIocBameHo yme ne ApaK'ieeBy, a 
Serenissimo et potentissimo Principi ac Domino Alexandro I.... 
ea, qua par est, devotione animique submissione subditissiraus 
auctor. ^eiBopToe H3;^aHie 1840 r. ^ocBfl^^eHO yase Serenissimo 
et excellentissimo Principi ac Domino NicolaoL... Recti justique 
cultori, scientiarum et artium fautori, caesari bellipotentissimo. 
$apMaKonea BHJuie 6Hjra saMiHena hobok) bx 1866 ro;^y. 

BapoHext Skobx BB,CEjiheBJiiwh Buamb ^poHCXo;^HJI^ hbi IIIot- 
JIaH;^iH, po;^HJica bx 1765 r., BBynaJH Me;^H^HHy bt. 9;^HH6ypr'fe 
H A6ep;i;B[Hi, npnfiHJi'B Bt Pocciio ex rpa^OMx CxporaHOBHMx 
OKOJio 1794 ro;ia ^), cjiyasHJix CHa^aora ppaneMx npn o;ihomx 
rycapCKOMx noJiK*, 6hjix peKOMeH,'^OBaHx HMuepaxopy IlaBJiy I 
fl cxajix HSBicxeHX HacJii;iHHEy npecxojia AjieKcan^tpy IlaBJio- 
BH^y, Bx i^apcxBOBanie Koero h CA^Jiajix 6JIecxa^^yI0 KapBopy, KaKyK) 
BX Poccie js.ijiB.jiVL MHorie anrjiiScBie moahsh, HaqnHaa ex Po^isiep- 
coHa, jiefi6x-Me;cH^a EKaxepnHH II (KpefixoHx, Jlefixoux, Po;i- 



^) PosaHOBi, CTp. 108, npHM.;— no apyrHMX bi 1790 r. 



— 81 — 

aepct H T. A.)- Bx 1799 r. BujiJie 6hjix yaeJlefi6'B-XHpyp^0M^, 
611809 r. cTaj'B npesHxeHTOM'B Me^KHRO-XHpyprHqecROfiAEaAeMiH 
Bi HeTepfiypri b npofiHjrx bi btomx sBaHia ;^o 1838 ro;i;a. Ilpa 
AjreEcaHi(p'& I. BujiJiie saBiAHBaJii Bceio xe^^Hi^HHCKofi ?acTbK> 
Bi PoccittCROM'L rocy;^apcTB'b. Obi aie hohth fiesoMyqao 
Haxo^^njCfl apH HMuepaTop'b b conpoBO»W<ii'B ero bo Bcixi ay- 
lemecTBiflX'L, 6&iji'b ea BOHrpeccax'b a b'b noxo^taxi. y&iep'B 
Bffjjiie rjEaBHEiifE BHcneKTopoMi Me;tBi^nHCBOfi qacTH apMin. Csoe 
rpoMa^Hoe, MBJijrioHHoe cocTOjaiHie oh^ saB'^n^ajx na yqe6H0- 
BOcnBTaTejiBHfiiB u,'kjiji (no MeAHAHHCKofi qacTB). Ha ero Aenbra 
nocTpoeea npn BoeHHO-Me;^Bi(BHCBOfi AnaieMiH 6oJiBinafl eje- 
HHKa ero HMeHH^ h tb,ut> se eny nocTaBJieH'b naMBTHBS'B (nepejis 
3;(aHieM'L ABajieMiH). 

BnAJiie cHanajia bhcobo h^ehjh, MOJio;^oro BejiJiaHCRaro no 
B03Bpan;eHiH ero B8i>-3a rpanni^Ei. Ohx xaE'E j[K)6hj[i bu^^tb 
ero noAJi'i^ cedn, «ito ^a^ne, Ror^a cani 6HBaji'B bi toctbu'l no npn- 
rjamefliK), to h xyit npn neMt naxo^HJica ero jiofinMei^'B. Ho 
repeat nicROJibRO jixt jioao6eub oTHomeHia npeEpaiBJiHCL, — 
noTOMy iTO BejiJraHCRiS ne corjacHJca npHHHMaTB ynaCTie b'b 
HHTpHraxt BajiJiie npoTHex ero ^pe;^^IecTBeHHHRa no npe- 
SHiCHTCTBy B-L ARa^eMlH, ^) Hexpa ^paHRa, h ne CRpBiBaji'L CBoero 
BscoKaro MH'i^Hia o nocji'6j(HeMT>. C'b t'I^x'b nop'B OTHomeHia ueM^y 
BifJTJiie H BejTJiaHCREMX npimajiH 0(|)<|)BiiiajiBHufi xapaRxepi, b 
BejTJiaHCRifi asjiajica ri. eeny tojibro B^'bcT'b cl j^pyrnMH npo- 
^eccopaMH, RaR'B no;t?HHeHHBifi, wh Mjnjpip'b — no npasAHHRaM'L 
AM no3;[paBJieHia. BejiJiie, oxjiaA^emn r'b BeJuancROMy, ne u^a- 
mJi'h H ero yBJieieHia Haiyp^HJioco^ieK) , otrpbito CM'iajica 
Bui> BceK) niROJioJi h naA'B BejiJiaHCRBM'B, RaRT> ea nocji'l^^oea- 
TejieMi. Ho OHT) Bce-raRH ne pasi roBopHJix, hto Me;^MKo- 
xapyprHHecRaa ARa;^eMia ABHHyjiacb 6u h eme Bnepe^x, ecjiu 
6u B^ nefi 6^1^ ne odum BejjaHCBifi ^). 



*) PosaHOBi, CTp. 440, npHM. 
•-) PoaanoBi, cip. 408, 409. 

6 



— 82 — 

CaHi BeJTJiafiCKiS roBopnjix o Bnjrjiie, ecjta He Cb noxBa- 
Jiofi, BaRi qeJiOB'6B'6 Majio yneHOMX, to yM'6peHH0 n chhcxo- 
AHTejibHO, c^Hxafl BHJijiie ^uape;^Bopi^eHi, KOTopEifi AOJia^enx 
aaETh coo6pa8HO cb o6cTOflTejii>cT6aMH, BaK'b B&k cjiysamiie npn 
^^Bopax'b''. OAHam;^!! tojibso BejjaHCBifi saM'faTHJi'b PosanoBy, 
HTO BajiJiie nocTynaeix npoTHBi EojKecTBeHHaro npe;i;iiHcaHifl 
„He yramafiTe jiyxa!" „0;^HaKO, qib xawx cefift hh roBopH", 
npefiasHJix BejuancKifi, „^yxa jwoeto ne yracHTB eMy!" ^). 



n H C B M a. 



1) IIhcbmo r. npo({)eccopa BeAAaucnaio kx r. apo^eccopy 
//oe^o^y. CnByprx, Maa 29-ro 1834r. ^Moma^. YHeHaa Koppec- 
noH^ieHi^iaf, cip. 345 — 349, aa 1834 ro;^T>, JVs 23, npn ^Teje- 
CKonft", T. XXI (OTX 8 iioHa 1834 ro;i;a) ^). 

2) no CMepxn BejJiaHCBaro 6hjio ony6jiHBOBaHO o;i;ho hhcbmo 
ero KX KHflSBO BJra;^HM. GejiopoBH^y OdoeecKOMy bx PyccKOirb 
ApxHBi 3a 1864 ro^ix, ctoji6hu 804—806 bx cxaTB* „H3X 
6yMarx KHasa B. 0. O^oeBCEaro*. I. ^. M. BejiJiaHCKaro. IIhcbmo 
AaxHpoBano 17 iioja 1824 ro^a. IIohxh ii;ij[HBOMi (Bpoifb o6- 



^) PoaanoBi, cip. 429. 

*) y BcHrepoBa npocTo: «TeJiecKoni», 1834, h. 21., cip. 483 i 4$e8i» 
yRasaHifl <Mojibi>i>. GoBepmeHHO nenpaBHJibHoe yRasame CTpanniiu odiHCH^eTCfl 
T^Mi, HTO 482— nocjitAHflfl CTpaHH^a cooTBtTCTByiomaro JHfe «TejiecKona» (iiitK)- 
nuaro oco6eHHyH) narHnai^ix)), a HanajibHafl crpaHHi^a <Mojibbi» He HHteTi J&. (ea 
o6opOTt 346). Ci 483 cip. HaHHHaeicfl cjiifeAyKimfi J6 •TejiecKoni*, ciaTba «0 
cjiOBenaxi h PycH» 3f. Gxypuduna (ott» 15 iiOHH 1834 r.). 



- 83 — 

pan^eHifl h ci coKpan^eHieH'B sBaeifl bi no^tnHcn) oho Bocnpo- 
H3BeAeH0 Bx CTaxb* PosanoBa ^). 

y BeerepoBa oho i^HTepoBaHO HenpasHJibHO ^): 25) IlHCbHa 
Ki EH. B. 0. — My (KaKx 6yiT0 a^JO m^er'h o h^jloU KOJtieKi^iH 
neceM'B) . 

3) En^e o;tHo ufbjioe hbcbmo BejjaHCsaro ex HnsojiaH) 
PosaHOBy (He c^HTafl sanncBH oti 14flHB. 1832 r. Kineiiyse — 
CTp. 130) OTT) 15 ;?eBa6pfl 1833 rojia npHBe^^eno bx ero 
^TaxL-i '). 

OjtHHX Tpy;^i BejJiaHCRaro „.SGiHBorHHfi MarHeiHSMX hjih 
TeJuiypHSMx'' ocTaJiCfl Heony6jiHBOBaHH£iHx, noTony ^to 6uji% 
sanpen^enx i^ensypoK). HcTopifl ero pascsasana y PosanoBa ^). 
H. EropoBX *) H B. K. ^) yBipaiOTx, hto pyKonacB BToro 
Tpy;^a xpannTCfl b% 6E6jiioT!eKi BoenHO-Me^Hii^HHCKofi AKa;^eMiH. 
Oaa TaMx He xpaHHTca ^) XIpasjieHie 6H6jKioTeKH BoeHHo-Me;tu- 
i^HHCRoS AsaAeHiH 0(|)4)Hi](iaj[i>H0 jB'bji,ov.ajio neHfl, qio Tanx ne 
HMieicfl HHKaRHXx pyKOHHcefi BejjiaHCKaro. 

Ky;(a niBSLJivLCh npoiie Tpyji^u BejJiaHCBaro (nanp., ohi, 
fiy^yiH yme cjiini^oMx, no CBH;^'STeJiBCTBy PosanOBa ^), ;tHKT0- 
Bajt ateni nepeBO^x ^JIoraKH" lUejiJiHHra), HeHSBicTHO. Jlfi^h 
BauaHCKaro, 6uBmafl saiiymeifB sa ^j^osTopoMi An^^peenx $h- 
jiHnnoBHqeii'B Cokojobhmi, nepe^ajra ^MHoria hsx sanncoKx^ 
JiiKapK) HHKHTHHy, 6H6jiioTeBapK) MockobckoS MeAHKO-Xnpyp- 
rnqecKofi AKa;i;eMiH ^). 



') Cip. 105-106. 

2) Cip. 224. 

3) Gip. 123. 

*) Cip. 114-117. 
') Cip. 852.- 
«) Cip. 220. 

^) Cm. Hod KpaTKid othcti o 3aHfltiffxi bo apeuH yneHoti KOHdHAHpoBKH 
JitTOMi 1897 roAa, cip. 3. 
') Cip. 112. 
») Cip. 117. 



— 84 — 

OflHcanie HapyateocTH Beji.iaHCKaro Haxo;i;HTca y Po- 
saHOsa ^). nopTpexx ero , no;^ap6HHBia hmt* caMHM'B Po- 
sanoBy, 6uji% nepe^aH'b nocjE^AHHM'b bm^ct^ cb noj^JinHHUMH 
oHCLMauH BejiJiaHCEaro k% eeMy bx xHpyprn^ecKifi Mysefi npn 
dHBfflefi MocKOBCKOfi Me;^HKO-XHpyp^HHecKOfi AKa;^eMiH ^). IIopT- 
peix ero 6ujli> H3;i;aHi> bi Mockb4 (i^eHsypnoe ;j;o3BOJieHie 
26 iiojLsi 1867 r.) jiHTorpa({)ieK) BaxMaea ex 4>B'KCHMHJie: ARa^e- 

MHB'b, CxaTCBiS COB'JkTHHB'b ^aHlHJI'L MHXafijIOBHHX BeJIJiaHCRifi. 

PoAHJiCfl 11 ;i;eKa6pa 1774 ^o;^a b-l Bopant. CnncaH-B (M. Te- 
pe6eHeBHMT>) bx CaHKTX-neTepCypri 27-ro Mapxa 1830 row^ 
Btotx nopTpeTx Chjix BOcnpoHSBe^^eHx bx ^HjiJiiocrpHpoBaHHofl 
PaseT*" ^). 

Bx saKJiioqeHie npHBe^CMx h pasfiepeMx HtKOTopna hbo- 
CTpaHHBia (H4MeAKia) esBicTia o BejiJiaHCKOMX. 

1) KaAJiMcem ^) coo'CmaeTx cji'fe^cyiomee: 

1240. Welldnsky (,II,aH.) bx CIIB, Me;i. h xnp. Dr. bx Pet- 
rop. 1806, AiflcTBHT. cxaTCKifi cob., sacji. npo<|). MewKO-Xflp. 
AKajteniH", 6H6jiioTeKapB npa eeS h AKa;^eMHKx ex 1819 r., 
EaBajepx pasHHxx op;i;eHOBx, hsx ;iBopaHCKoS ccmlh *), HtKO- 
Topoe Bpena nocfemajix jeKiiiiH KieBCKofl j;yx. AKaji;., ex 1796 r. 
HHTOMei^x Me;i;HK0-xHpypr. Asaji. bx CUB., ex 1800 peneiHTopx 
naTOJiorin h xepaniH, ex 1801 no aKsaMeay KaH;^H;^. mg^^hi^. h 
xnp. H JieK. noM. npa eyxonyxH. BoeHHOMx roenax., bx 1802 r. 
Bpanx, coBepfflHJEX sarp. nyx., bx 1805 r. ajtxiOHKxx (j^HBiojoria, 



Cip. 126. 

^ Cip. 423, npHMtHame I. 

^) 1871 rojiT), JB 44, otb 11 H0fl6pfl, cip. 689. 

^) Ifedicinisches Schriftsteller-Lexicon der Jetzt lebenden Vert'asser von 
Dr Adolph Carl Peter Callisen, tomt, 33-h, Altona, 1845, Nachtrag (Th-Z) 
CTp. 259 H 260. 

^) BejiJiaHCRid 6ujii poAoaii> npocTOB KaaaRi. 



— 85 — 

 

narojioriH h rHrleHU, b% 1806 r. rojiji. accec, op^iHH. npo4). h 
op;^HHaTopx npH cyxonyTe. rocnaT., bi 1807 r. 6uji'h hocjibm'L 
B^ IIcKOB'B Ha anH^eMiH), bi> 1808 r. ax'BiOHRTi doxaHEBH h 
^apuaaiB. Bu^bcrk ci> T'bMx ao 1819 r. 6eiji'b noMon^HHSOMi 
HHcneBTopa npa axaj^.; si 1809 r. ax'BiOHSTi aHai. e ^esiojl.^ 
H BCBopt nocji'b Toro op;^. npo^). aTEXx npejineTOBx. Harpaac- 
jiaeM'B Cuj'L sa CJiymCy 6pHJiJiiaHT0BUMi» iiepCTHeMi», 6oj!iLmeMH 
j^eHemHEiMH no^capBaMH, h u^btrkok) sa 35 ji'I^t'e deanopo^Hofi 
cjiyafiH (Verdienstschnalle). Bt 1837 r. nopa»eH% 6ujl% po- 
3{iHCTHMT> BocnaJieHieM'B tojiobr (Kopfrose), ocTaBSBinHM'b Kara- 
paKTH Ha oSoHX'B rjiaaaxT); no BH.swpoBjeHie yBOjen* cl nen- 
cieio Bx 8000 p. 

GB'i^A'ikHifl din, He Bcer^a tohhuh, saHMCTBOBanEi, uoBinflfi- 
uoMy, KajiJiHceHOifb otx koto-jle6o hsi pyccBnx'B cbohxx Kop- 
pecnoH^teHTOBx. Hsi coHEHen. nepe^HCJiflfOTcn (sarjiaBifl nepese- 
m^u): 1) npojiK)8ifl (Prognose der Med,, als einer jReoZwis- 
senschaft), 2) ijECcepxai^ia (Reform der med. und physic. 
Theorie) 1806 — bm. 1807. 3) BioJorHqecaoe HscjiiwBaHie 3% 
TBopan^eMi h tbophmomi» ea Ba^ecTB'l (Untersuchung der schaf- 
fenden und erschaffenden Natur), 1811 bm. 1812. 4) Ueber- 
sicht der wichtigsten Gegenstftnde philos. Naturforschung, 
1814 E 5) Uebersicht des allg. Inhalts der philos. Naturkande. 
Nach Oken bearbeitet, 1815. 9to, noBBiEMOuy, ABapasHHene- 
peeojia 3arjiaBi)i: 06o8p^Hie rjiaBHUxi coAep^RaHiff ^ejoc. ecxe- 
CTBOsHanifl, eanepT. esx co?. ORena; esi SToro coh. RajJiEceH'b 
CAijiajn ABa. 6) JKeboth. MarHeiBSM^B; 1818, 7) KoHcneBTt 
rjiaBHUx'B co;tep. ^ttaioAOiiu, 1830, 8) Grundriss der allg. und 
spec. Physiologie, od. Physik der organ. Welt, 1836. Pei^ee. 
Th. V. Stflrmer zur Vermittelung der Extreme der Heilk., 
B, 3, 1843, S. 203— 219 (Ausz.). „*E8HRa", rjaBHOe npoESBO- 
j^OTe BeorjiaHCRaro, nponyn^ena. HepeBo^tH: 1) Meier (bm^cto 
Metzger), 2) Hufeland, 3) Prochaska, yqeCn, ^m. 1822, 



— 86 — 

« 

4. Ph. Hartmann, ofimaa nai., verbessert und ergmzt, 5) Selle. 
6) Okmj 7) Goluchowsky 

2) Ha „.3S.HB0TH£iff MarHHTHSHx'' BejtjaHCKaro - Rjiyre 
noflBBJiacB pei^eH3ifl BeHcce ^), bx ROTopoS 6EiJia HSJomeHa 
TeopeTHiecRafl ?acTB (npEHa^JieaKaii^afl BejuaHCsoMy), a Ha cTp. 
130 — 131 npHBej^eHH o neM-B CB'bjifknu^ ]s,o6utusi aBTOpoM'L pe- 
^eH3iH OTi o^oro hsx yqeaHKOBi BeJuiancBaro, ^pa Cnacacata 
(Spasski). Ha cip. 131 Beflcce saMinaeTt: ^ocxaTOHHO y;i;HBH- 
TeJtHo (auffallend) , HiOBxPocciH Moryit CJI4;^HTb (nachdenken 
der d. Ph.) sa H'i&Meii^KOK) ^^Hjoco^ieio HOB'^fimaro BpeneBH^ 
Toria RaBx anrjinqaHe h ^pasi^ysEi, ;tase caiiH h^mi^ii ea ne 
uoEiiU9kK)TT>^ Ho B^AB He juapoMi „caMb mejuHHrx o6pa- 
THJiii BHHManie na BOcnpiHM^HBufi yMi pyccRaro yHeaaro h 
nooHj^pfljEX ero ri ^nj[oco(|)CRnM'b saHaTiflMx'' ^). 

KaR'b uj-j^EHJiH BejJiaHCRaro UeTep^yprcRie h'J^mi^h, 6jHme, 
q'j^M'B sarpaHH^HEie, CTOflBmie ki> PoccIh h jry^me aoHsiMaBmie 
nojiosenie jifbsB,, CBHA^ieJiBCTByioTi cjiOBa o^^Horo hs'b caifBixi 
BHAHnxi Bpanefl Toro BpeifeHH M. FefiHe, m]i,SLTejia ^PyccRoS 
He^^Hi^HHCRoff raseTU*' na h'6m. asber'^. 

3) MaRCHMHjiiaH'B FefiHe (Heine) nemeTX bx neRpojori 
BejuaHCRaro '): 

15 Mapia cero ro^a nayRa uoiepajia b% HeTepOypr* ne- 

JIOB'^Ra, ROTOpufi AOJirO JtMcXBOBai'B H 6UJ11> nOJieSHBIM'B B'B 



^) L O. Wei88e. irchiv fdr den tbierischen Magnetismas, Halle, 181^, 
Y Band, Drittes Stuck., cip. 129—135. 

H^ypHajn MHHHCTepcTBa Hapoanaro npocBtmenia aa 1847 r., HacTi^ 
54-fl, OTAtJiB VII, HoBocTH H CMifecb, CTp. 13, HeKpoJiori 4- M. BejuaflCKaro. 

*) Medicinische Zeitang Rnsslands, redigirt nnd heransgegeben von den 
Drr. M. Heine^ B. Krebel und H, Thielmann in St. Petersburg, Vlerter Jabr- 
gansr. 1847, April, Jg 15, p. 120. 



87 



miecTB'b y^HTejifl n nncaiejifl.... Caxoe peiuBoe npejiesaHie a 
Hai3Tjiy6o^aSinee HsyHeeie uocB&TEJi'b ohx sarpaeni^eH) jesi^iflM'b 
niejjiHHra, coHHeeHifl KOTOparo no caMofi CMepie 6ujie y Hero 
Bi HaH6oj[bnieM'b no^ex'^. Comb IIIeAAumz daM eMy Mcm- 
Hoe ceudwmeAhcmeo^ umo BeAAaucKaw om CHumaemz odnuMh U3z 
ceouxh HaVf6oArbe SHanmuxh u coeepmeHHrbUviuxh yuenuKoez. 
TasHM'L o6pa30Mi BejrjaHCRifi ciaji'b m^ Poccin OleJiJisHroM'B. 
Ho OHx He fiujix CTOJk yAaiJEHBi, Ras'B nepe^HBuiifi ero BejH- 
Kifi y?HTej[b: BejuanCEaro He oi^'^bbjih ynacB no AOCTOHHCiBy. 
BuTh ifloseTi, cji'^Ayioiuee nosoJi^Hie 6yjier'B cnpaBeA^EHB^e; oho 
yBajReTi BeJuancROMy noqexHoe m^cto cpe^H eBponeScRnx'B 
yHeAHX-B, — MicTO, Bt RaEOMi H BeJiHRHMt yqeHUMx nefijiaroBO- 
Jenie (Missgunst) n nepaByiiie (Unverstand) ocM^JiHBaiOTCfl na 

H^ROTOpOe BpeMfl OTRaSUBaiB.... 

RaR'L HejroB'i^R^. BejurancRifi nojibsoBaJCfl y cbohxx coBpe- 
MeHHHROBX 6ojiLniHMx yBameHieM'B sa cboh) cxporyK) ^ecTHocTb 
(Redlichkeit) h 6jiaropo;i;HHa ;^o6poA4TeJIH.... 

CoHHHeHi)! ero, tforaxBifl 8py;!^Hi^ieH) n saM^naxeiiBHHfl no 
CBoeMy ;^yxy, ropasw RpacHopi^HBie roBopaxi o sacjiyrax'B 
BejiJiaHCEaro, q^Mx Bci noxBajiH caMaro cnpaBeAJiHsaro 6iorpa- 
^a. Ero xpy^^u cnoBa noRasbiBaiox'B, qxo RaR'L 6u hh ueuib 6uJio 
y Hacx qHCJTO hcxhx'b atpei^OBi nayRH, — b% Poccin ne 6ujio 
He^ocxaxRa b'b BejiBRHxi xajianxaxx, Roxopue kvulvl na cjiasy 
CBOBMy oxenecxBy h ;^Jra RpacH nayRH. 

IlepeHHCJiaa co^HneHia BejuiancRaro, Fefine saMinaex^, ixo 
OH-B cos^cajix Bx Poccin Haxyp(|)HJioco(|)CRift asHRx. TaRx RaRx 

OHX MHOrO ^^HRXOBaJX 3a TO^U CBOefl CJlinOXH, xo, BtpoaxHO, 

ocxajHCB MHoro^ncjieHHHa pyRonncn. ^BioJornHecRia nscjii- 
AOBania" cxajn ;^e ohchb pi^RH na RnnacnoMX pHHRi. OcoCohho 
HHxepecHo coHBHenie o atHBOxnoMX MarnexHSMi, RoxopoMy Bej- 
JiaHCRifi nepBBia nocBaxHJEx bx Poccin Hayqnoe BHHManie. 



Y. 



co'izHeHifizi A. A. KosjiOBa 

(bi jiouojiEeEie ki CTaTs-jfe bi. I BtinycK'fc). 

nojHOfi 6H6jiiorpa$iH coiHHeeift A. A. KosjiOBa nurfl^i He 
HM'feeTCfl. HenojiHHMx 6jji,eTT> h nacToamee (na.HSoji'fee nojiHOe hsi 
nAiiH)ii^BXCfl) conocxaBJieHie; ;ia HC^HCJienie ^ceto HaneqaxaHHaro 

aiHMl ^HJIOCO^OM-B, B006me, HeB03M02KHO, h6o OHl caMi* n03a6HJIl 

MHoroe H3X Toro, qib 6ujo hm-l nncaHO (oco6eHHO, b% nepBiiB 
nepio;ti ero JiHTepaTypHOft ;^•feaTeJrbHOCTH), a HiKOToptia CTaitH 
6ujiE HJiH He noAnacaHEi, hjih no;i;nHcaH£i ojihhmh iiHB[ii;iaj[aMH, ko- 
Topne MorjiH npHHaj^JiemaTt h j^pyrnM^ jiai^aMi. 

JlHTepaTypHaa jiiaTejibHOCTB A. A. KosjiOBa bx o6meMi 
pacna^aeica na ^Ba 6oJibmie nepio^a: 1-fi cocTaBJiaH)Ti> panHia 
ciaTBB B'b pasjiHHHEixx ^RypHajiaxi) n rasexaxii no BonpocaMi 

Odn^eCTBeHHUM'B H aOJIHTHKO-aBOHOMHqeCBHM'L (BOr^^a aBTOpX BXl 

eme ue saHHMajica cnenjiajibHO 4>HJioco(|)ieH)); ILfi nepio^'B npcA- 
CTaBJiaH)Ti> cTaxLH H coHHHeHiii <|)iiJioco(|)CKia, BOTopna jir6obu- 
xoAHJiB oTAiJibHUME H3;];aHiaMH, jin6o uoM^J^n^ajiHCB bi ^Ries- 
CKHXB yHHBepcHTeicKHX'B HseicTiaxx", noTOMx BT> „Bonpocaxi 
(|)HJioco(|)iM H ncHXOJioriH", hjih HaKOHen.^ bx co6cTBeHHux'b 
atypHaJiaxx: „$HJ0C0(|)CKifi TpexMicaHHHKx" h „CBoe cjiobo". 



— 89 — 

B^ aBTo6iorpa^HHecROM'L oqeps'b ^), oxHOCHTeibHo nepBaro 
nepiojta CKaaano oryjitHO, ^t6 ex 1858—62 rr. aonimajiHCb 

CXaiBH no paSJlHHHUM'B, OC06eHH0 <{)HHaHCOB£IM> H nOJIHTHRO-8BO- 
BOMH^eCSHMX BOUpOCaMl BX OOBpeMeHBUXl HBAaHiflXl ^MOCKOB- 
CKBXt BijUOMOCXaXX" ^jI^H*", ^BiCTHBE* HpoMHinaeHeocTH" H 

sMocKOBCBOMi B'j^cTHHBi" (o ^zpeA^T^i H 6aHBax'B^, „ropo;[- 
CKOMT. xosaficTB-fe MocKBH**, ^^HHaHcoBOMT) nojioaeHiH POC' 

CiH«). 

He AOBOJiBCTByflCb bthmh rjiyxEUB ynouHHaHiauH, a xot^u 
paducRaTL, no B03Moa?uocTH, caMua ciaiBB. Jljjifl dToro a npe- 
6irx EX aoMon^H canoro aBTopa. H npocHJH) ero, ecjn oh'b ne 

nOMHHTX TOHHO FOAOBl, BSAaHlfi B JVsJVs, ySaBUBaXB MH'i^ HX'B 

npnCjiHSHTejiBHO, onncHBaTs Kasia-JiHCo nofioTOua oficToaiejiBCTBa 

HnpHMl^pEI BIHHXX, BOTOpUe MOOB 6u CO^^MCTBOBaTB OTUCRaHilO 

ero CTaiefl, a TaKace nepecKasMBaib mh* cojiepataflie, hjih ot- 
^ijibHLiii Micra hst. cxaTeft, nocKOJiBEy h h8% Tixi, ht6 ohi 

XOTb CB0JIBK0-HH6yAB nOMHHTX. SaT'^M'b fl 6paJI'B yBasaHHUfl H8- 

Aaaifl E nepeJiHCTUBaj'B hx'b cTpaHHi^t sa CTpaHHn;eK). He Bcib 
CBOB paHHifl cTaTBE noMHHJi'B aBTop'B; MHoroe, pasyMl^excfl, ycBOJB- 
3ajo H OTx Moero BHHMaHia npn nepejiHCTHBaHiH, ho a ocxa- 
HaBjHBajicji Ha noAxoABu^eM'B n nepecRasHBajr'B Hafi^eHHoe aBxopy, 
KOTopBiB, 6y;tyqB npHBOBaHx u% oj^py 6oji3Hn, ne Morx jih^ho 
pasbicBHBaTb CBOH cxaiBB Bx 6B6jiioxeRax'B b ne hof'b nojiy^axB 
CTapHfl, p'j^ARia rasexBi h aypnajiBi na aomi. Ecjeb aExopii noji- 
TBepaiJtaji'B hoajshbhocxb cxaxBB^ h ecjia naxoAHJiHCB en^e RaRia- 

JIH6o OfiieRXHBHBia AaHHUfl, XO fl SaHOCHJl CXaXbK) Bli CnBCORl. 

Ho H HB'B 4BCJia yRasaHHbrxx MHi^ He yj^ajiocB pasBiCRaxB Hi^RO- 
Toptia. TaRi Bi „OxeHecxBeHHHX'B SanHCRaxi" orojto 1861 ro;^a 
A0Ji3KHa HM-fexBca cxaxbfl „coi^iajiH8M'fe"; orojio xoro me Bpe- 



^) Biorpa())iiiecKiM CJiOBapb npo(t)eccopoBi> h openoAdBaTejieM yHHB. Gb. 
lUaAHMipa (1834—1884); cociaBjieHi h najtaui noai pejaKuieH) ops. npo(j). 5. 0. 
HnoHHUKoea, KicBTi, 1884, cxp. 269, 270. 



— 90 — 

MeHH BX ^MOCBOBCBHXX B'J^AOMOCTflX'B^ nOJteMHBa CB H. ApceHB' 

eBHMi HCiraseroH) „Hame BpeMfl"; saT^Mi B'BOAeoft hs'b hoc- 
BOBCBsx'B raseTi, cTaiBA „j[0M6apAax'B^ (monts-de-pi^t^). 
Bhtb MO^ReTx, sto-j[e6o hsx sanHCHUX'B 6a6j[iorpa$OB'B sanH- 
TepecyeTCfl h oTHn^erB 9th CTaxbe, ee pasucsaHHUfl mhoh>. 

Btbcmnum IlpoMbituAeHHOcmu. Pe^^aBTopu 6. ^uotcoezuK 
BcuBcmz. MocBsa. Bi THnorpa<i)iH BaxMeieBa Ha Majoft Ji^wn- 
TpoBBt. ToMX III, sa 1859 r., Mapix, JV2 3, cxp. 370 (aa cji^. 
CTpaHHn;i one^iaTKa 171 bm. 371) — 393. „ OTenecTBeHHoe npo- 
HBBO^tCTBo cupuxx MaTepiajOBi H peajBHufi (HMya^ecTBeHHufl) Bpe- 
AHTi. I. 06ii;ifl OTHomeHifl npos3Bo;i:cTBa cnpuxx MaTepiajOBX 
B'B HBLH'ibinHelt EBponi. (^EIpo^oJiiKeHieB'BCJiiA. khhsk'6''). Ilpa- 
wkmd,me rJiacHT'B: „ nepeBOi'b 6poinH)pEi HSB'icTHaro nojiHTHKO-9SO> 
Houa Pay Die Iftndliche Urproduction und der Realcredit". 

Ecjin npHHHHaTB bto sa nepBufi ne^aTHufi onuTi A. A. 
KosjiOBa, TO copoBaJiliTHlfi H)6HJiefi ero wkan^jihRottTVL Sujix b'b 
Mapii cero ro^^a. 

BtbcmmiKz IIpoMbiiuMHHOcmUj t. VIII sa 1860 r., JV2 4. 
AnpijiB, 0T;^iJI'B V, KpHTHEa h 6H6jiorpa$ia. Cip. 1 — 16, pei^eH- 
^is^ A. KosAoea Ha B. Eeaodpaaoea: HoseMejiBHHfi Kpe;i:HrB h 
ero coBpeifeHHafl opraHBsai^ifl b'b EBpon^ ex npHJoivceHieM'B ycTa- 
BOBx HnoTeqEuxi Kpe^HTHiixi yqepeK;[eHift b'b FepManiH, Iljap- 

CTB'6 nOJIBCKOM'B H OCTBeKCKOM'B Spat. 

Brbcmuum npoMUtuAennocmu^ tomi IX, sa 1860 r., Cen- 
Ta6pB, JHs 9, OT;^*JI'B III, HayKH, A. Koajioez. Kpe^tHTx h 6aHBH, 
CTp. 183 — 206. RacaxeJiBHO Haiaja bi chocb'& ysasanx JVs 3 sa 
1859 r. 

CncTeMa eapoAHaro xosflltcTBa. PyBOBo;i[CTBO ajia ynan^nxcfl 
H Ma jiiAOBUTb JiH);tefi. BuAhieAhMa Poiuepa. Tomx I. Haqajia 
Hapo^lHaro xosafiCTBa. HepeBojvh H. Ea6cma, Tomx nepBHfi, ota4- 
jienie nepBoe. MocBsa, THnorpa4)ia B. FpaqeBan K®, 1860, cip. XVI 



— 91 — 

+346. Q^'^Ha 1 p. 50 b. B'b npeiHCJiOBiH nepe60;tHHBa (no^tnHcaH- 
HOMi: H. BadcTi): C^siaK) cbohmi ao^fohi npHHecTH mok) r;iy- 
6o?aSniyK) npnsHaTejiBHOCTL BaHXH^aTaifb Hamero yHEBepcHTexa 
i. A. EosAoey u B. H. IIoKpoecKOMy ^ npHHHMaBsiHM'B canoe At- 
flTejBHoe yqacTie bx nepeBojd^... (cTp. XII) Mocsea, 17 osTfl6pa^. 
OTAijieHie BTOpoe Bumjio bi Mocbb']^, bi Tofi ase THnorpa(|»iB, B^ 
1862 r. H saBJiWHaeTx bi ce6i 8 Hee. CTp.4-340. Jl'tna, 1 p. 
50 B. 

no BOcnoMHHaHiK) caMoro A. A. RosjioBa, nepBoe oxA'biieHie 
61110 t^fbw«t«^o.M? nepeBe^^OHO hmx BifibCT^ ci bbb'^cthumi huh% 
nerepfiyprcBHM'B cTaTnciHBOMi B. H. IIOBpoBCBHm. 

npHHEMajn yqacrie A. A. Kosjiobx h bx ^epeBo;^•fe Bceo6- 

n^eSHCTOpiH IIlMCCepa^ HOBaBHX'L HMCHHO TOMOBI, HenOMHHT'B. 

TaB2se npHHHMajii y^acTie vh pej^aBTHpoBaeiH ^Mocbob- 
CBaro BicTHHEa" sa 1859 row. HociaTbH, noinncanHHa -4. if. 
(Hanp. b'bJV2 12^ otx 24 h 25 anp'i^JH 1859 r. — „ AeneatHMX'B 
ptiBBaxx", MoryTi npHHaAJemaxb, no MH'bHiH) RosJiOBa, eeeMy, a 
A. Kopcany. 

Hespojon XoMflBOBa, „MocBOBCBifi B'6cthhbi" sa 1860 r. 
Jr2 41, CTp. 659—660. 

MocBOBCEifl Bi^AOMOCTH sa 1861 roA'B, JVs 132,. 17 icoHfl, 
cySCoxa. JEHTepaxypHufi ox;!!;*^^. A. Eo-^Aoez. 

I. 3aMixBH xesyu^efi dsoHOMH^ecBofi ibhbhh bi PoccIb. 
Cxp. (xpexcxoji6iiOBaa) 1064 — Vj cxojfii^aH 1065 — 27, cxoji6i^a. 

X2 165, cy66oxa, 29 ima 1861 r. 

II. 3aM*xKH etc. Cxp. 1328 (V,+2 cxoJI6^a) h 1329- 
(2 cxoji6i(a). JlK)6onHXHa bx saBJioneHiH cxaxLH ropflHaa (|)HJinnnHBa 
npoxHBx co6aBX. „JIjpyroe a4-^o — coGasn: axo OBOH^axeJiLHO npejt- 
Mexx pocEOfflH. CooaEH Bt MocEB'fe cocxaBJiflroxx cymifi 6vmjy 
Bosifi. UojiTh Beqepii Ha yjiHi^axi co6aBii 6'lraH)xx ni'^JiuMa 
craflMH H npe^cxaBJiHiox'L ms npoxo^sHXi ropas^o 6oji^e onac- 



-. 92 ~ 

iflOCTB, H^M'B MOineHHasH, OT'B KOTopHX'B AKo6u owh npej^oxpa- 
^HflH)T'B Bacx. Ti se CTan ne AaiOT'B BaMi ro3moshocth Boflm 
BO BCflKoe speMfl AHfl Bx BopoTa XJ060T0 AOMa. Ha RsapTHpaxi 
Ta se 6i;(a: ROMHaTHUfl co6asB h cqeesH yrpoJKaiOTi; ncsycaTB 
Ba(rL Hjn, no spafiHefi M^pi, insopBaTb Bame nJiaxBe. Mu oxotho 
iK>;(aeMi rojoci sa 6ojBnioJB eajior'B ea co^asi ROMHaTHHXi h 

„MocKOBCRifl B'b;i:oMOCTH'', rasera nojiHTHHecsaa h jHTepa- 
TypHaa, ro^x 107-8. 10 iroia 1862 r., btophhm, Jfe 150. JIh- 
TepaiypHHa ota^i. JBafijiiorpa^HqecRifl saM'I^TRHr Cxp. 1201 
(2V2 CT0Ji6nia) h 1202 (iVj CT0Ji6i^a). I. HcTopia niHBHJiHsai^iH 
BX AflrjiiH, coH. EoKAH, TOMX I-fi, BHnycRx nepBHfl, ^epeBo;^'B 
EyHHumaw vl HeuapoKOMoea. CITE. 1862. Pei:(eH3ifl no^nHcana: 
A. K08JIOBX. 

# 

11 ceHxaopa 1862 ro^a, JVs 198, btophhr-l. JlHTepaTypn. 
OTA^Jix. EoKAh. HcTopia etc., t. I, BHnycRx BTopofl, ^ep^B0J^^ 
etc, CHE, 1862. Cip. 1584 (% ciojisia), 1585 h 1586. 

„AeHL", — 20-roaHBapa 1862 r., J& 15, CMtcb. „IIhclmo". 
O no;tnHCR'fe, cocToaBmefica aa yHHBepcBTeTCROMx odi^^i. 
UoAnHcaHO : fiHBinifi CTy;^eHTx MocROBCRaro YnHBepcHTeTa 
AjieRcifi Ko3Aoez\ cip. IJ, V2 + 1 CT0Ji6ei^x (hsx xpexx). Ha odi^i 
BocnHTaHHBROBx MocROBCRaro YHHeepcBTeTa 6ujia codpananoA- 
nncRa Ha npeAMexx otcjeijirb cxyj^eHTaMB no ceoeny Bn6opy 
OAHoro EBx cBOHXx xoBapsmefi sarpanni^y AJia sanaxifi nayROH). 
OcHOBHaa iiucjrL nHCbiia; „Bu6opx npo^eccopoBx HHor^a Morx 
H He coBna^axB cb odcj^hroh), ROxopyH) ;(!6jiaJiB cxyAenxBi cbohhx 
xoBapBH^aifB. linage b Geixb ne HomerB: HBRor;i:a BBicmie h 
cxapmie ho Moryxx xaRX B-fepno onpeji'fejiHXB sacjiyrH a cnoco6- 
HocxB HeJOB^Ra, KaRX ero paoHBie. Ecjh ohh co BpeMeneMx h 
yBH^axx CBOH) oniHSRy, xo xpy^no dy^exx oxcxynHXbca oxx CBoero 
H36paHHHRa, RoxopBift CB TptxoMx HOHOJiaMx A^^acxca HacxaB- 
HBROMX H pyROBo;^BxeJIeM'B ronomeexBa*. xomx ate 064^* cm. 
„AeHb** 3a 1 aHB. 1862 r., JV2 12, cxp. 20. 



— 93 — 

jJI^eHb", 16-ro ^eopajia 1862 r., Jfs 19. „3aM*HaHifl Ha- 
CTaTfcK) JVs 14 ^Ha". ^HHancoBOMX nojioatemH PdccIh. A. E. 
CTp. 7 (V4 CT0Ji6i^a), 8 H 9 (27, CTp ). IlpHMiq. pe;^.: Mu 
oqeHb 6jiaroAapHii r. R. 8a to, hto oh'b oTOSBajca Ha nanie 
npHrjiameHie — ;(0CTaBHTk HaM'b saifb^aHifl h Boapa^seHia ea Hamy 
CTaTLK) Bx 14-M'B JVs. Ero BaMiqania cnocoficTByiOT'B ex yacne- 
BJH) H Ri npaBHjiBHoft nocTaHOBR'b canaro Bonpoca 06'b bboho- 
MHqecKOMX nojioseHiE Poccin, q co mhofhmh hbi hhx^b mu se 
MosReifB He corjacHTLca. 

„Eme MocKOBCKOMx ynHBepcHTexf sa 1862 roitx, otx- 
1 anp^jia, JVs 127 h ot-l 8 anp-fejia, JVs 128. 

Ha sanaxia RosjiOBa nojiHTHHecROio aROHOMieio hm'1>jih 
Bjiaeie ^peat;^e Bcero nojiy^enHHa hmx otx npo(]^. rpauoecKaio 
coHHHeHifl j^pani^yscEofi nncaTejikHnqn Gatti de Oamonde (Zoe 
de G.) ^), po;iHBmefica bi Bpiocceji'fe 2 (|)eBp. 1812 r. h yMepmefi 
OKOio 1854; cjiyatHja OHa inspectrice des salles d'asile (Haji- 
SHpaiejiBHHi^eK) npn npiroii ms CiAHHX'B J^'6Te9). Ona H3;i;aj[a 
co^HHeflia (cnHCORt coHHHenifi cocTaBjenx HaMH). 

1) Abrege de Thistoire sainte, in 18^ Vanderborght, 1846, 
Bmxelles. 

2) Fifevres de I'ame, in 8^ avec 21 lith. 1844. Delahaye, 
10 fr. 

3) Grammaire ^lementaire de la langue frangaise, destdnee 
h Tenseignement des classes laborieuses. Ouvrage posthume, 
in 16'\ 1854. Tournai, Castermann, 60 cent. 

4) Lectures historiques beiges, in 12^, ib., 1860, 1 fr. 
80 c. 



*) Lorenz, t. II., cip. 403. 



— 94 — 

5) Mannel des salles d'asile, suivi du Qaestionnaire ponr 
les ^coles primaires, d'aprfes la m^thode de Pestalozzi, conte- 
nant les notions les plus ^l^mentaires des sciences natnrelles. 
Nouvelle edition, revue par le dr. Th. Olivier, in 12^. 1864. 
2 fr. 

6) Le monde invisible, in 18°, 1864, Bruxelles, Perichon. 

7) Notices pratiques des sciences natnrelles appliquto 
anx usages de la vie, in 12®, 1854, Tournai, Castermann, 
1 fr. 50 t. 

8) Les oeuvres de mis^ricorde, ou Histoire de Louis et 
4e Louise, in 12^ 1856, ib., 1 fr. 20 c. 

9) Paup^risme et association, in 18®, 1847, Lecoffre, 
1 fr. 50 c. 

10) Realisation d'une commune societaire d'apr^s la 
theorie de Ch. Fourier, in 8®, 1840, Rue de la Harpe, 81, 5 fir. 

11) De reducation sociale des femmes au XlXsiecle, de 
leur education politique et privee, Bruxelles, 1833, in 8^ 

12) Esquisses sur les femmes, Brux., 1836, 2 vol. 

13) Des devoirs de la femme et des moyens les plus propres 
d'assurer son bonheur, Brux., 1838, in 8®. 

14) Fourier et son systfeme. Paris, 1838, in 8®. 

15) Le roi des paysans. Paris, 1838, 2 vol. in 8®, bi 
coTpyAHH^ecTBi ci Czynsk'HMT>. 

Ea JS,o^h Hsafiejua (poA. bx 1849 r.) 6tiJia AHpeKipHCOi 

B% Ecole normale d'institutrices de la ville de Bruxelles. Ona 
cOHHHHJia EBHry: 

Cours d'education pour les jeunes fiUes, Paris, 1879, 2 vol. 
in 8^ '). 



^) La grand e encyclopedie, t. XVIII, cTp. 599. 



J 



— 95 — 

Bmopou {gSuAocoj/ScKiti) nepiodz Aumepamypnofll dfbHmeAhHOcmu. 

^HCTO (|)HJ[OCO(|)CSi)i saHflxifl RoSJIOBa npHBOAflTl K% H8Aa- 

HiK) SHnrn: 

9: FapniMauZj Cyn^HOCXB nipoBaro npoi^ecca hjlvl (|)hjio- 
<;o$ifl 6e3C03HaTejBHaro. EIo H^Mei^ROiiy H3AaHiH) nojiHoe hsjio- 
ateflie CHCieMH A. A. KosAoea^ 2 t.; M., 1873—75 r. 

Pet^euHu eh y^Sucmiu^, 

Pasfiopx ^HcTopHqecKHXi naceMx" Mupmoea (II. •!. 
JlaapoBa) aa 1871 r., Ill, 169—197. 

Bjh. CojKOBbeBx, saKi* ^i^AOco^'h (no nOBO^y ero MarHCiep- 
CKOft ;^HccepTa^iH) — sa 1875 r., I, CTp. 1 — 18hII, CTp. 1 — 29. 

$HJioco(|)CEie 8th);i;bi. 9. I, COB. 1876. J^HCcepTa^ia pro 
Tenia legendi. 

$HJioco(|)CRie 9TK)AH. ?. 11. MeTOA'B n HanpaBJieme (|»hjko- 
co$iH OjiaTOHa (h ApacTOxeM — wh ^HsBicTiaxt"), KieBx, 
1880. neqaxajiocB bx „KieBCKHxx yEHBepcHTexcKHXi Hbb*- 
CTiaxi" 3a 1878 r., XI, 580—592, 3a 1879, I, 20—32, III, 
137—154, VI, 317—335, VIII, 379—396, IX, 415—441, X, 
469—495, XII, 511—525, sa 1880 r., I, 20—44, III, 135— 
^) 170. MarncxepcEaa AHCcepxamia. 

JI^Ba ocHOBHUfl noJioseHifl (j^HJOCOij^in IIIoneHrayepa (npo6- 
Hafl JieKi^ia), „KieB, Yhhb. Hbb." 3a 1877 r., I, 83 — 93. 

$Hjioco(|)ia, KaKx nayKa, KieBx, 1877 — hljlvl KieB. Yhhb. 
HsB. 3a 1877 r., IV, 266—282, V, 333—364, VII, 509—536, 
Vni, 597—636. (OxBixH II. AJIaH;^CKOMy, H. Tpoxy h II. Hh- 
MTBHy Ha pei^eHsiH I-ro xoMa „$hji. 9th);^ob'b"). 



'^) B^B or4iaBJieHin onenaTRa: 113 ButcTO 135. 



— 96 — 

$HJioco(|)ia ;i'fe9cTBHTejifcH0CTH. Hsjoseme h KpHTena ch- 
CTeMH Est. JJwpuma, KieBi, 1878. Bx KieBCK. Yhhb. Hsb, sa 
1877 r., II, 117—134, III, 187—204, IV, 229—242, \% 
419—435, VII, 437—447, IX, 694—701, XI, 787-^823, h 
sa 1878 r., II, 83—101, III, 179—198, V, 404—432. 

FeHesHCB Teopin npocxpaHCTBa h BpeMenH Kanxa, Kieex, 
1884. Bt „H8B.« sa 1882 r., VIII, 111—143, IX, 197—209; sa 
1883 r., IV, 205—222, VI, 309—322, VIII, 383—404, IX, 480— 
499, XI, 567—585; sa 1884 r., L 62—87, ') II, 101—128, 
III, 129—152, IV, 179— 233 -h VIII (noc;i*c.iOBie). ^toKTop- 
CKaa ;i;HCcepTaniia. 

JfoicopdaHO Epyno. JIfi'k ny6jiHHHua jeKqiH npo<{)eccopoB'B 
Yhhe. Cb. Bjia^iHMipa: H. B. JlyHHi^Karo 21 anpijia h A. A. 
KosJOBa 28 aaptjifl 1885 r. (BupyneHHUfl AenBrn roHjiy'^ ^^ 
naMflTHHK'B ][. BpyHO). IX^Ha 50 Kon. KieBT>, 1885, crp. 35, 
Hst BBXT): jeKi^ia A. A. Kosjoaa ci 21 — 35 CTp.; OHa me bi 
KieB. Yum. Hbb., sa 1885 r., VI, 103—118. 

P^Hhj npoHBHeceflHaa npo(|)eccopoMx YflaBepcHTeTa Cb. 
Bja^QMipa A. A. Kobjobum'b no cjiyqaH) eoh^hhii npo(]^eccopa 
Toro ate yHHBepcHTeia n. A. Ajan^iCKaro. 6 cip. in 16^. II,eH- 
BypHoe paspimeHie 5 H0fl6pa 1883 r. KieBx, THnorpa4)ia H. H. 
KymnepeBa a K*^. 

OnepKH 031 HCTOpiH (j[)H-10C0(|)iH. IIOHflTifl (|)HJOCO(|)iH H 

HCTopiH (|)HJOCO$iH. $HJioco$ia BOCToqHaa, KieB-L, 1887 r. mh 
KieB, Yhhb. Hbb. 3a 1885 r. VI, 1—24, VII, 25—48, VIII, 
49—64, H sa 1887 r. VII, 64—88. 

MaoHasMT) r. MwHCKaro. „KieBCKoe cjobo", sa 1890 r., 
JV2 900 H 901, 1 H 2 mapxa, ^exBeprt h naTHHUia. 



^) Bi orjiaBJieHiH oaeHaiKa: 61—88. 



— 97 — 

aypnaJi* ^Bonpocu (|)HJioco(|)iH h ncHXOJoriH", ^KieB- 
CKoe Cjobo", sa 1889 r., JVs 828, 28 Hoa6pa, btophhkx. 

KpHTHqecKifi btioa^l o ^IIcHxojioriH ^yBCTBOBania" H. SI. 
Tpoia, KieBx, 1881, hjie KieB. Yhhb. Hsb., sa 1881 r., VIII, 
282—301, IX, 341—356, X, 389—404, XI, 447—454. 

FpoTX OTB'feHaji'B Bi 6poniK)pi: „Eme no noBo;ty Bonpoca 
ncHxojoriH nyBCTBOBaHifi", Kiest, 1881 hjh „H3B. ncTop.- 
$HJOjr. HHCT. KH. BesCopoAKo", sa 1881 r., cip. 1 — 38. 

^Ki Bonpocy o pe^opMi JorHKH** HnKOJiaa Fipoma CHB, 
1885, HJiH „PyccKoe BoraTCTBO**, sa 1885 r., Mapxi, 536—578 
H anpijEb 171 — 177 (HayiHHfl OTX^xh). Bi Mapxi s&e h FpoTa 
nOTBtxi Ha KpHTHKy A. A. KosjiOBa", CTp. 578 — 598. 

SaMiTOHifl Ha CTaibH) H. fl. Fpoia. „3apa", sa 1883 r., 
Ki 52 H 53, 8 H 9 Mapia. OiBiTt na p'feqih Fpoia nepe^^^B 
;^OKTopcBHMX ^^HcnyTOMi „06'h OTHomeHin (|)HJioco$iH Kt HayK* 
H HCByccTBy" (bi »3api" m,e JVs 27, 28 hjih OT^iJiBBO, KieBi, 
1883). 

Saifl^^aHifl, BHCKasaHHBifl na aoktopckomx A^cuyi'^ H. S. 
Ppoma^ T»3apa", 1883, sa 14 Mapxa (?). 

dra CTaTBfl BusBajia: 

Otb^t'l a, a, EosjiOBy. „3apfl", sa 1883 r., JV2 60, 
17 Mapxa, nexBepn: 

Fjiyxofl oxrojiocoKt axofi nojieMHKH cm. bi cxaxBi H. Fpoma 
bHsx Mipa HayKH. 3ara;iKH SHania". Oxb^xx r. AjeKeanjrpy 
CBenxoxoBCKOMy. „3apa", sal883r., J\2 108, lOMaa, naxnania, 
^eaBexoHx. 

JlHxorpa^HpoBaHHHft Eypcx JIoiuku (HM^exca bx HMnepa- 
CKofi ny6jiH^Hoft BnfijiioxeE'fe bx nexepfiypr-jfe). 

•iHXorpa^HpOBaHHwfl Kypcx Hcmopiu OuAOco^iu, 

A. A. KosjOB'B pe/^aKXHpoBaji'B nepeBo;^^: 



/ 



L 



— 98 — 

HcTopifl EBponeficKoft ^njLOCo^m AjB^pe^a BeOepa (co 
II ^panq. hs;^.) R. JLuuHUHeuKO u Ba. HodeucouKaio^ Eieei, 
1882 r, THTyjix +IXH-409cTp. UpeAHCJOBie pej^aKTopa I— IV; 
noAHHcaHo: 3 ceHiaSpa 1881 r. 

BnicTi ct lOjianoMx KyAanoecKUMz pe;^aKTHpoBaJIt no- 
CMepTHoe H3;iaHie Tpy^a II. E. AAaudcKato, HcTopia FpeqiH; 
KieBi, 1885. THxyj^B-hnpeAHCJiOBie HI CTp., + 271+orjaBjeHie. 
npejiHCJOBie nojimicsLBo: K)jiiaHi EyjiaKOBCsii, Ajuescifi Ro8jiob'b. 
HsjtaHO no pacnopflseHifo HCTopHRO-(|)HJEOJiorHqecRaro ^^aKyjubTeTa 
yHHBepcHTexa cb. BJIa;^HMipa. B% K. Y. Rsb. sa 1884 r., IX, 
1—48, X, 49—80, XI, 81—112, XII, 113—168 H3al885r., 
I, 168— 208, II, 209—264, IV, 265—271 h I— HI (now*- 
cjOBie). 

CoBpeMeHHHfl HanpaBJieHifl bi i^ntAOCo^m (no Erdmann'y 
Zur Characteristik der Philosophie der G^genwart in Deutsch- 
land Bi Deutsche Rundschau). „3arpaHH?Hufi B'^cthhk'b" »a 
1881 r., T. I, OKTflfipB, CnB. YneHO-JiHTepaTypHHa atypnaji, 
H3;^aBaeMHft B. KopmeMt, I, cip. 226 — 232 (AByxcTOJiCqoBHa 
in 4°). II CTaTBfl bx HOfl6p4, 449 — 458 — KaHTiannsMi (Cohen, 
Lange). OKonqanie bx ;teKa6p4, t. I sa 1881 r., cxp, 660— 
699. ^ajBH'ibfiniifl CTaTBH: III (nocjii;[OBaTejiH $HXTe, IIIejEJiHHra 
H Fereja, cxapo- h HOBorerejiBaeqH, $opTJiare, BeprManx, IV 
(H;^eaJlBHHfi peajiHSM'B-yjiBpHqB), V (rep6apTiaHH3Mi), VI (niKO- 
ja nionenrayepa, FapTManx, Banseni), VII (MaTepia-iHSMi), 
Vin (cHCTeMH ^exnepan Jloxqe), TaMx ate 3a 1882 r., iiapTX, 730 
—736 H iK)HB, 581—594. 

nocj^XHeMi co^HHeniB npo$. M. TpouuKato „HayBa o 
;^yx*«, „PyccKaa Mhcjb", sa 1883 r, IV, 1—27. 



— 99 — 

P&i];eH3lK Brb ^KleBCKuxTb yioiBepcHTeTCKHxrb 

HaB'feeTlHXTb". 

1) Dialogues et fragments philosophiques par Ernest 
Renan. Paris, 1876— sa 1877 r., Ill, 31—60. 

2) Meceeum, OnHTX KpHTH^ecKaro HaoatjiOBaHia ocHOBona- 
Haji-B nosHTHBHoffl $HJioco4)iH. CEIB. 1877 r, — sa 1877 r., XI, 
367—371. 

3) Raum und Stoff. Ideen zueiner Kritik der Sinne. Von 
Wilhelm Goering. Berlin, 1876,— sa 1877 r., VIII, 279—297. 

4) 06*5 OCHOBHUX'L npoTHBop'J^Hiflxi B1 HarnHxi sHaeiflxx 
BcejieHHOfi. IIy6j[HHHaa JieKAia lOjiana Oxopoeuua, ^HTaHHaa 
Bx Bapmani bx 1873 r. HepeBCJix cb nojbCKaro AjieKcaHAp:^ 
EmcKiit. Mhhce-b, 1877 — laMx a:e, XI, 371 — 372 ^). 

5) Atomistik und Kriticismus. Von Kurd Lasswitz^ 
Braunschweig, 1878 r.. Ill, 73—81. 

6) Der Ursprung der Vernunft. Eine kritische Studie 
fiber Lazarus Geiger^s Theorie von Julius Keller^ 1884 — sa 
1884 r., IX, CTp. 205—210. 

7) Die Psychologie des Verbrechens. Von Z>. A. Krauss, 
1884 (IIcHXOJioria upecxynjeHia) sa 1885, VII, 263—280. 

Otsubti co^jiHeniH na xeny „0 cencyajiHSMi Kou^^ejiBflKa" 
(cTyji. Ill K. H.-(|). (|)aK. KHpHJijra I],apeBCKaro — cep. Me;^.) — 
3a 1885 r., IV, 1 — 2 (o4)(|)hh;. oxa.)- 

06'BaBJieBie 06^ HM^iou^eMX buxoahxb bi RieBi^ cb pasp'l^- 
inema npeABapnxeJiBHofi iiieHsypBi cneii;iajiBHOM'B (|)Hjioco(]^cromi 
aypuaji* „$HJOCO(|)CKifl TpexMicaHHHK'B" no^t pe^. npo$. A. A. 
Eo3Aoea^ K. Y. Hsb. sa 1885 r., VI, npH6aBJieHie, I— III; uoa- 
nocaHo: 1885 r. 20 iiona. 

B'B „IIe;^a^o^H^ecKOfi BnfijiioxeE'fe " pewKi^ia na „JIorHKy^ / 
Ompyee h „$HJioco(|)CKyH) npone^eBXHEy" PyMneAH sa 1878 r. 

^) Bb orJiaBJieHiH khh»kh, paoHO h bb roAHHHOMB yKaaaTejit aia CTaiba 
Ko3JioBa nponymena. 

7* 



\ ! 



— 100 — 

Ctrtbh BTb Htypnajit: ^Bonpocti «>Hii:ocoa>lH h 

ncHXOJiorlH", 

PaSMHDIJie&ifl, BBISBaHRHfl HeOSSH^taHHUM'b rOJIOCOM'B HS'B 06-^ 

jiacTH ecTecTBOBt;^iHia I, cip. 51 — 82. 

O^epE'L SH3HH H i^EJioco^m JIefi6HHi];a no co^iHHeHiH) Mepi^a^ 
III, 36—64. (c^e^. 0T;^.) 

IlHCBMa KHHri rp. J. H. TojiCToro. „0 3kh3hh", Y, 1 
—33, VI, 68—96, VII, 69—102, VIII, 77—109. 

HoBiflmee HscJii^BaHie IIjraTOH*, XI, 46 — 59. 

no3HTHBH3Mi KoHxa, XV, 53—70, XVI, 41—70. 

HeKpoJior-B 11. E. Acia^teBa XVIII, 122—126. 

$paHn;y3CBift no3HTHBH3M'B (Tani, Ph6o, nojant), XIX, 
55—93. 

$paHn;y3CKi8 no3HTHBH3MX. TIoJiynosHTHBHCTU. I) AJIb$pe;^l 
$yMLe, XXI, 8—35, II) TjoHo h Tap^x. XXII, 121—140. 

TycTaBt TeaxMiOMepi, XXIV, 523—536, XXV, 661— 
681 (cneniiajiBH.) 

Teopia HCByccTBa Ch tohkh Bpinia TeSxMiojiJiepa (E. Bo6- 

pOBl. nOHflTiH HCKyCCTBa. yMO3pHTejlBHO-nCHX0JIOrHHeCK0eH3- 

CJi*;tOBaHie. lOpBeBx 1894), XXVII, 178—189. 

AnajiHS'B nocjri^iiHflro npoHBBeAeHia rp. Jl. H. ToJCToro. 
„Xo3aHHi H paCoTHaKx", XXVIII, 313—330. 

CosHame Bora h BHanie o Bori. BocnoMnHanie ofix ohto- 
jEoraqecKOMi ^^OKasaTeJiBCTB-fe 6MTia Boatia. XXIX, 445—460, 
XXX, 558—567. 

Peueusiu: 

Archiv ftlr Geschichte der Philosophie, I Band, 1888. 
I, 45—60. 

K. UphueSy Ueber die Erinnerung. Untersuchungen zwr 
empirischen Psychologie, Lpz. 1889, IV. 109—118. 



J 



^ 101 — 

3aM'6HaHifl hh cxaTBio r. Meaui^ea^ OiHomeHie ue;B;^y ^e- 
joco(|)ieft H HayEOfi, V, 124 — 136. 
IIhcbmo Bi pe;^aKn;iK), VI, 59. 

H. C. AndpeeecKiH^ FeHesHCB HaysH, ea npHHn;HnH h mc- 
TOAH, ^. I. M. 1890, VII, 56—62. 

M. rwHo, IIpoHCXo»;^eHie K^en BpeneHH. Hep. ct $paH^. 
A. H. E— Ba. CMOjeHCKi, 1891. IX, 88—93. 

B. CepeGpeuHUHoehj yqenie JIoKKa o npHpo;^HHXi naTOJiaxx 
BHama h A*aTeJCbHOCTH. CIIB. 1892. XIII, 49 — 59. 

W. Lutoslawski. Sur une nouvelle m^thode pour deter- 
miner la chronologic des dialogues de Platon. Paris, 1896, 
KH. XXXIV (3a 1896 r.), cxp. 472—474. 

Cx 1885 — 1887 r. A. A. Kosjobx Hs^aBaji CBofi atypHajix 
^OuAOCO^CKiH TpexMTbCHHHum^ BTi 4 BHnycKaxT.. FjiaBHiia cia- 
TBE H3'B 9Toro a^ypHajia budijih ota'^jibho: 

1) Pejiaria rpa^a JI. H. Tojicxoro, 1887. Btophm'b HS^a- 
flieHi BHniJia bi nexepCypri, 1888. Sax'i^M'B ona se Bomja bx 
EHHFy: PejiHria rpa$a JI. H. Tojicxoro, ero yTOHie o atHSHH h 
jik)6bh. Bxopoe H3;^aHie, HCnpaBJieHHoe h j^onojiHeHHoe, Bt 2-xx 
^acxaxx, CHE., 1895, Ky;i:a bejuo^chbi h (BHme;^miaBt 1891 r.) 
*nHCbMa KHHr* rp. JI. H. Tojicxoro „0 ffiHSHn" h3x „Bonpo- 
COBX $0jioco$iH H ncHxoJioriH" sa 1890 h 91 r. 

2) rnnHOXHSMx h ero SHa^enie ;i;j!ia ncaxojioriH h Mexa^H- 
3HEH, KieBX, 1887, cxp. 42. 

3) TapAX H ero xeopia o6mecxBa, KieBX, 1887. 

Bx xoMX ate JKypeajii HyatHO odpaxHXb BHHManie na cxa- 
TBH „0 MHOJBecxBeHHOCxH cocxoaflift coBHaflia"; pemeHsiH) „$hjio- 
co(j[)iH mhcxhkh" JfnmpeAH h xpoHHEy ^hjoco^ckhxi cxaxeft bx 
pyccBHxx aLypHajtaxx. 

^Me'^Hie o6x HCTOHHHKaxx caMOodpasoBaeia no npe;(Mexy 
^Hj[oco4>iH" Bx OT jifbjii ^BonpocH caMoofipasoBania " bx atyp- 
-Haji* „C*BepHHft BtcxHHEx* 3a 1896 r., II, 209—217. 



— 102 — 

jjCeoeCAoeo.^ $HJioco$CEO-JHTepaTypHHfl c6ophhk'b, Hs^ia- 
BaeMHS (BMicTO „$HJ[oco4)CKaro Tpex;MicflHHHEa") npo^eccopoMS 
A. A, Eo3AoeuMh, JVs 1, Kieei), 1888. Tuiyjii, orjaBjeme, 144 
CTp. HpeAHCJiOBie -1, Beci;tH ex IleTepSyprcKHM'B CoKpaTOMi: 
3—81 (6ec4Aa I — 3, II — 24, III — 47), aaM^TKa o EHHri r. 
DlTeflHa (Apxypx DIoneHrayepx), 82, Hi^TO o „HayqHofi $mjio- 
co^Ih" h eayMOMX (|)HJioco$'fe (JlecesHqi) — 89, Oib'Stx na pe- 
iieHsiH) r. MoKieBCEaro, — 125, Otb^ti r. pen,eH3eHTy „PyccKOi 
Mhcjh" —136. 

y^Ceoe Cdoeo^^ J\*2 2, Kieei. 1889. TnTyjii, orjiaBJieHie, 
158 CTp, one^axEH. npeiracioBie — 1, Beci^s cb IleT. CoKpaTOMi 
5—109 (6ec4;^a IV— 5, V— 37, VI— 58), BH6jiiorpa(|)H^ecKia 
saMiTKH 110 — 133 (I Legons de philosophie par Elie Rabier, 
111, OntiTi nocTpoenia Teopin Maxepia A. BBe;teHCEaro — 129), 
OnsTb Hiqxo o „HayHHofl $Hjroco(|)iH" HiaKOBOMt ate (|)HJioco$i 
— 134, OfitacHenie cb It. E. AcTa(j[)b€BHMi — 139, OnaTL h*- 
CEMBEO CJOB'L T. pei^eHseHT'Jfe „PyccKofl Mhcjih" — 154. 

„Oeoe Caooo''^ JVs 3. KieBi, 1890. TaTyjix, orjiaBjeHie, 
156 CTp. HpeitHCJiOBie -1, Bedm ci neTep6yprcEHM'B CoKpa- 
TOMx, 5— 115(VII-fl,— 7, VIII— 22, IX— 57,Z— 87),06tflBJie- 
Hie nonoBo;iy CTaTBH MoEicBCEaro — 115, jI^bsl cjiOBa no noBO^y 
CTaTBH n. E. AcTa^BeBa — 150, „HayqHo8 (|)HJioco(J)ia" sTa- 
EOBOMi ate ^ajioco^'k — 153, HayTOBitt jh pe4)epaTi? hjib no- 

HTOBKltt pOaiOE'B — 155. 

„CBoe Cjiobo", JV24. CnB, 1892. 8 Hee. CTp. (Tht., oae- 
naxEH, ooaBJieHie, npe^ncJiOBie — bc4 cb nycTBiMH oCopoTaMBJ 
+ CTp. 167. IIpe;iHCJiOBie I, BecijiBi: 1—122 (XI— 1, XII— 22, 
XIII— 47, XIV— 69), npaCaBjieHie kx XIII 6ec*;^i —123, Ho- 
HflTia fiBiTifl H BpeMCHH (no noBo;o[y EHHrn JI. JIonaTuna „IIojio- 
^KHTejiBHBifl 3a;i;a4H (|)HJioco4)iH") — 131. 

„CBoe Cjiobo", JVs 5. CIIB, 1898. 8 nen. CTp. (2 THTyjra 
npej^HCjroBie, one^aTEH — ex nycTKiMBr o6opoTaMH). +165 cxp.-f- 



— 103 — 

orjaMeHie. BeciAH ex HeTeptfyprcKHMx CoRpaxoM'B: 1 — 73 (XV 
-1, XVI— 19, XVII— 33, XVIII— 55), Mhcjh OHiKOiopiaxx 
(pHJOCo^CKHX'B HanpaBJieHiflX'B, npco6ia;(aK)iitBX'B bx coepeMeHHOfi 
pyccBoB jiHiepaTypi n oCt ();ihomx BOSMoatHOM'B bx 6y;^ymeMx: 
73—160, FjiaBaL MaiepiajiHSMx BKOHOMH^ecKia — 76, rjiaBall, 
MaTepiajHSMX HayHHHfl h Tpa;tHD;ioHHHft — 82, rjiaBa III, ^ya- 
JH3MX H nosHTHBHSMt — 89, TJiaBa IV, H;^eaJ[H3M'B— 100, rjiaBa 
V, nanncHXHSMx; ero npeHMymecTBa nepejcB BEiraepascMOTp'feH- 
HHMH HanpaBJieHiaMH — 121, rjaBa VI, HacToamee nojioateHie 
nanncHXHSMa, BCTHHHaro npeeMHHEa H;^eajin3Ma bx pasBHTiH ^n- 
Jioco$CKaro aHania — 154. 06%acHeHie ex mohmh KpnTHKaMH: 
I. OSxacHenie ex Bj. C. CojioBbeeHMX — 161, II. 06xaeHeHie ex 
E. H. ^ejnaaoBHMx — 164. 

„Beei;tH ex neiepfiypreKHMx CoKpaTOMx", HSJioseHie $^- 
Joco(J)CKofi CHCxeiiH caMoro A. A: KosJiOBa, xpaKTyroxx o ejii- 
AyronnHxx npe^tiieiaxx: I, II h III eo^tepataTx npejiBapHxejLHoe 
pasBHxie oeHOBHHXx noHaxifl, IV, V h VI — o noHaxia fiaxia, 
VII H VIII — nOHaxiH BpeMeHu, IX — nonaxie pejiHrin, 6Hxia 
H npHHHHHoexH, X — HOHaxie BpeMeen, XI h XII — noeaxie npocx- 
paecxBa, XIII — Bonpocx o npocxpaHCXB* kphbomx h Cojiie, qiMX 
Tpexx HSMipeniS, XIV — noHaxi5, Haxo;^aI^iaca bx xicnoR CBasH 
ex Hj^eefi npocxpaHCxea: cosepmaHie, npe^cxaBJieHie, noHaxie, an- 
piopHocxb, BeiAb eaMa bx ceCi a npoH., XV, XVI — nonaxie ;^bh- 
ffieflia, XVII — nonaxie Maxepin, XVIII — nonaxie Maxepin h npn- 
HUHHoexn. 

.0 KoBJioBi nncajiH J^OBOJILno Mnoro. C nei^iaJiBnBie OHepKH 
6hjih nocBaniaeMH eMy aexopoMX axnxx cxpoKx — 1) bx I BHnycK'fe 
npe/tJieatamaro coHnnenia „ $HJioco(|)ia BxPoccin", cxp. 1 — 24^), 
H 2) BX Knnri „0 nonaxin 6Hxia. Y^enie F. TeflxMiojiJiepa h 
A. A. EosAoea^^ v]ijb nocJiiAHeMy noeBfln^enti cxp. 47 — 72. Ab- 
To6iorpa$ia A. A. EosjioBa noMin^ena y EKOuuuKoea^ Biorpa- 
$BHecKifi ejOBapB npo(|)eecopoBx h npeno;iaBaxe-iefi Hnn. YnnBep- 

*) CntmHMT* HcnpaBHTb He/tocMOTpi bti I bud., cip. 2: BtcTH. npoMum- 

JieHHOCTH BM. OflHaHCOBUfi BtCTH. 



— 104 — 

CHTexa CB. B;ia;i;HMHpa (1834 — 1884), cip. 269— 270. HMiioTCfl 
emecTaiBH Eojiy6oecKa%o^ 6iorpa$H^ecKaa bx „^H^HKJlo^e;^HHec- 
KOMi JleECHKOB*" BpoKraysa, cxp. 605, t. 30-ro, HBinpHJiose- 
Hin Kx pyccKOMy nepeBo;^y „HcTopiH hoboH (Jmoco^Ih" H6ep- 
Bera-FefiHi^e, CTp. 577. HsjoateHie MEicjiefi KosjOBa wh nocj4j(- 
Hefi saM'fiTE'fe cnjiofflb neB^pHO. Ha o;i;ey rpyfiyfo oniHtfKy 6hjio 
MHOK) yate yKaaano na cip. 59 (npnM.) KHHrH „0 noHaTia 6h- 
xia". 

KpoM* Toro, Moaano yKasaxb eme na niKOTopHa (^ajieKO 
He Bci HM^iomiaca) pei^eHsin o coh. A. A. KosjroBa: 

AjiandcKiil, $HJ[oco(j)ia a nayKa, KieBCKiaYHnB. Hsb , 1877, 
I, 94—115 H 11, 135— 159. 

H. l^onvh^ I ^acTH „$hj[. btbojiob-b" KieBt, 1877 hjih 
HsBicTia Hct.-(|)hjiojt. Hhct, Kh. BesfiopoAKO, 3a 1877 r., cip. 
3—68. 

6, 6. Fyceez. Kx Bonpocy o ^nisoco^m (no noBO^y 
;HHCflyTa pro venia legend! A. A, KosjiOBa), Epas. oCospinie, 
sa 1876 r., XII, cxp. 767—798. 

J^. $aj[OCO$CEia otrvlji^slbisi. BicTHHEt EBponti, sa 1876 r., 
VII, 415—427. 

H. HuKumumj nojitsi $HJioco$iH. ^^ijio", sa 1877 r., 
V, 66—95. 

H. Fpomdj PyccEiffl (|)HJioco(JcKiK aKypHajx (o „$hji. Tpex- 
Mic"), „OAeccKia BicTHHEt", sa 1886 r., J\& 3, 4aHBapa, cy6- 
6oTa. 

jB. JleceeuHZy ^cmi noeii EyKyniEa? C4b. BtcTHHB^B sa 
1886 r., (JeBp., 0T;^. II, VII, cip. 216 — 223 (no noBo;ty bh- 
xo^a nepsofi kh. cnen;. ^hljl. atypn.) nepenenaTano b-b ^9th)- 
;^axx H o^epEaxx^ CIIB, 1886, cip. 355—364. 

B06jiiorpa(|)HHecEia Hobocth, sa 1886 r. 6 (18) aHB. 1886 r. 
BTopHHE-B, JVs 3541 „HoBoe Bpena". (o I bhh. „TpexM.") 

j^Sapn^^ sa 1887 r., Jfs 165. 24 aBrycxa, BOCKpeceHBe (o 
III BHH. ^TpexM.**) 



105 



^KteejMHum^ sa 1887 r, 22 asrycTa, JVs 182, cip. 3 (o 
^pomropt ^TapAi**). 

j^KieecKoeCAoeo^j sa 1889 r., 21 ;^eKa(5pa, JHs 847, qeiBeprx. 
fl$Hjioco$CKia 6ec'fe;^H. Cjiyiaft h Pasyiix. ** (0 „Pa3MHinjeHiaxx" 
vh I KHHrt ^BonpocoBx ^hjioco^Ih e ncHxojoriH"). 

C. CuHeectcifi^ nO^eccKifi JIbctokx", 3al889r., llHoaCpa, 
Cy66oTa, JVs 301, peD;eH. Ha iKHary „BonpocoBx" (o tomx »e — 
nenosBOJiHTeJiBHo p']^3Raa ciaxBa npoTHBi RosjiOBa). 

B. EypeuuHZj „HoBoe BpeMa", IlaTHHi^a, 29 Mapia 1891 r., 
JVs 5417, jisji. nepBoe (o tomx ate, — o KosjiOBi o;^o6pHTeJIBHo). 

B). EuKOAoe&hy „HoBua (|>Ejroco(|>CRifi acypnajii (o I BHHr^ 
^BonpocoB-B") „MocKOBCKia B^wmocth", JV2 323h324, sa 1889 
^o;^^, 22 h 23 Hoa6pa, cpew h ^eTBeprx. KosjOB'fe o^ofipHr 

XeJILHElfl OTSHB'B Wh III OT^^^l'l^ B'B JVs 323, Bl A06aB0qH0M'B 
JIHCTBi. 

n. E. Acma^heeh^ Pei^eesia na „CBoe Cjiobo", „PyccKoe 
OfiospiHie", 3a 1890 r., I, cxp. 449—463. 

E. A. Eo6po6Zj PenieHBia naKHary A. A. Kosjosa: PejiH- 
ria rpa$a Jl. H. TojiCToro, II Hs^aHie, b% nBonpocaxx", sa 
1895 roAX, KH. XXIX, crp. 503—508. 



YI. 



HaT7p$zj!0C0$iji M. V. IlaBJiEOBa. 



IlaBJIOB'B CTOflJIl> Bl> ABepAXl) 4)H3IIK0* 

MareMaTH^ecKaro QrA'^JiQHiH n ocTaHaajmBa^'L 
cryACHTa BonpocoMT>: «Th xoHemt snaTb npn- 
po;iy? Ho hto raKoe npnpoAa? Hto raKoe 3HaTi>?»" 

(A. H. FepacHx, Co^HHeHiH, t. VII, cTp. 119). 

06pa30BaHie ecTb rjiasH'^amaji nojibsa 
yneHBH, H 9T0, KaKT> npH BOcnHTaniH Boo6me, 
TaKi> H npH npenoAaBaHiH ksltkaovl HayKH, 
jiojiTKBO nocTaBJiiiTb r^iasHOK) ii-fejiiK); cs'feiieHiH 
saduBaioTCH, odpasoBaaie ocTaercH HaBcerja. 

IT. naB.10BT>. OcHOBaniH cf)H3HKH, HaCTb I, 
(BTOporO H3A.)j CTp. 43). 



Oj5,VLE% Hsi BHAH'LlBniHX'B pyccsHX'B meji^HfiFOBi^eB^B, naB- 
jTOBt, JK)6HMHfi yiHTejiB MHorHxx EHTOMaeBX MocKOBCKOfl alma 
mater, ;^o chxx nopi ne ;ioat;caJica no;^po6Hofl 6iorpa(|)iH. FjiaB- 

HHM'B nCTOHHHEOM'B Jl,JlSl 03BaE0MjieHiH CI erO mHSHbK) H ^^l^flTeiB- 

HOCTBH) Bce eme npoAOjataeix cjiyatHTb „Biorpa(j)HHecEifl CjOBapB 
npo^eccopoBx h ^pe^o;^aBaTeJIefl HMnepaiopcEaro MocKOBCEaro 
yHHBepcHTeTa**, MocEea, 1855, toctb II, vjii 6iorpa(|)HqecEiB 
onepEx M. r. HaBJiOBa Haxo^HTca nacxp. 183 — 199. 3TaCTaTbii 
cocTaBJCHa xpeMa aBTopaMn: mypoecKUMz, Pj/Ahe u KaAUuce- 



— 107 — 

CKum ^). Bhtl MoaieTTi, HMeHHO no aiofi npHHHH'fi CTaxta cipajia- 
exx HiKOTopoK) 6e3CBfl3HOCTi>K) H OTcyTCTBieMx njiaea. IIphtom'b, 
Hsi 16 cxp. — AijiHfl 9 CTp. saHflTH „KoHcneKTaMH nojHaro Bypca^ 
jMEHepajioriH" (191 — 195) h „cejii>CEaroxo3aficTBa" (195—199),^ 

OcTaejifla hi CTopoHi uepeieHb hhhobi h perajiifl, mh ys^ 
HaeMi, HTO IXaBJOB'L npoEicxojUBJ'B HBi j[yxoBHaro SBanifl, poAHJUc^ 
Bt 1793") r., H nepeoHaTOJiBHoe otfpasoBaHie nojiyHHJi'B b% Bopo- 

HCSCBOfi CeMBHapiH, B'B BOTOpOfi OSOHHHJI'B nOJIHElfi EypCB '). 

yBOJiHBinHCB Hsx BBanifl, oex 30 asrycTa 1813 r. nociy- 

DHJ-B CTVAeHTOM-B B^ XapbKOBCKitt yHHEepcHTeTx, a HepcB^ roju'B 

nepefflejix bx Mej^HKO-XapyprHHecKyio AKa;^eMiK) (MocKOBCKoe 
OTj^iJeHie). He yBjieKaacb Me;^H^HHCKOH) npaETHKoro, h Heco6H- 
paacb 6htl BpanoMi., UaBJOBx nepexojiiHT'B bx MocEOBCKifi ynH- 
BepcHTeTt, TA^ niTy;ii!pyeT'B cpaay no^ByMt (|)aKyjii>TeTaMx: Me- 
;iHi^HHCEOMy H MarenaTHqecEOMy h cx ocoOeHHHMi ycep;^ieM'B 
saHHMaeTCfl ecxecTBeHHHMH HaysaMH. GwijocTb, anepria h orpo- 

MHHa CnOCOCHOCTH C^tjiaJIH UaBJIOBy BOBMOmHBIMt B'B 1815 r. 

6JiHCTaTejii.H0 OEOHquxb Eypci ynHBepcHieTa no o6ohmi. OTji'kjie- 
HiflMt, H BT> joCaeoE'L nojy^HTb en^e sa cboh AHCcepTan;iH no Me- 
jtajH; oTi MaxeMaTHqecEaro BHJ^aHa eny Bojoxaa, oxi. Me^Hi^HH- 
CKaro — cepe6pflHaa MewJb. TaEieycnixH oCpaxHJH HaneroBHe- 
Manie yaHBepcHxexcEaro eaqajibcxBa. UaBJiOB'b npncxpoHjica npn 
YeflBepcHxexi, nojiyqaBX m^cto npe Kafinnex'fe HaxypajbHofl hc- 



*) Cm. 'lacTb I, cip. XI. mypoBCKifi 3anHMajn» naee^py MHHepajiorin b 
reoFHoaiH, Pyjibe— aoojorifl, a KaJiHHOBCKiH— cejibCKaro*j[03flHCTBa (laMii me, cxp. 
XVII). SaMtTHMi, HTO 6iorpa(j)HHecKiH oHepKi M. F. IlaBJiOBa bt> KHHrt •Pye- 
me Modu, iKHaneoiiHcaHifl cooieqecTBeHHHKOBi, npocjiaBHBninxcfl cbohmh ji'tiH- 
HiflMH Ha nonpHmt nayKH, flo6pa h ofimccTBeHHofi nojiF,3bi» Bt 2 h. M3a. M, 0. 
BoAh0a^ CIIB. H M. 1866, bt» II t., cip. 207—214, npcaciaBJifleTi -AOCJiOBHyiD 
nepenenaTKy n3'b CTaiLH •Biorp. cjiOBapfl» cip. 183—190. Keen. IIoAeeou Bb 
CBOHXT) «3anncKaxb»ynoM0naeTi o llaBJiOBt iia cip. 80—86, 89, 1S2. 

*) KoA)onaHoe^, Biorpa(})ifl KoraejeBa, 1, 1, cxp. 472, HenpaBHJbuo cxaBHXb 
ro;jaMH truseti IlaBJiOBa (?— 1849). 

3) Cxp. 183. 



— 108 — 

TopiH. Bi 1818 r. ohx nojiyqHJi'L cieneHB ^OKiopa Me;^Hn;nHH 
no samHTi j^accepTanin: 

Dissertatio inauguralis physiologica-obstetrica de nutritio- 
ne foetus hominis. Mosquae, 1818; Bii fioJiBrayio 8-®. 

Bx TOMx ate ro^y npn co^tiflCTBia CBoero Bcer;iamHflro no- 
KpoBHTejfl, Tor;i;afflHflro MocKOBCEaro reaepajix-ryfiepHaTopa, EHasfl. 
Jl. B. FoAUunua^ ocHOBaBuiaro 06mecTB0 CejbCKaro XosaficTBa, 
naBJioBx 6hjix oTHpaBJieHX 3arpaHHD;y jcjia ycoBepmeHCTBOBaHiji 
wh ecTecTBOBi^eHia a oco6eHHO b^ CejrbCKOMi ^omoboactb4. IlaB- 
jTOBi Cjiymajix JieBn,ia SHaMeHaTJBix'B y^eaux'B; oco6eHHo ohb npH- 
Bflsajca Kx CJiaBHOMy Tor^a Tspy ^). Bx MocKBy M. F. BOSBpa- 
TBJica Bx 1820 r. a cxajix naiaTB jeKnjia MBaepajoria a cejb- 
CKaro AOMOBOACTBa cb 26 ^eKadpa 1820 r. B-BSBania 3KCTpao;iH- 
Hapaaro, a ex 3 aBrycTa 1824 r. — op^^aaapaaro npo(|)eccopa. 
Bx nocji'lACTBia 6hix asCpaax bx ^jieau yqaj[ani;earo RoMaieTa, 
RoMaxeia j^jra acnBiTania rpaatjuancBaxx HaHOBaaBOBx, bx qjieeu 
KoMMBCcia iJia oxpaaeaia yEBBepcaTexa a ero yqpeat;i;eHia otx 
xojiepu. KpoM^ yEasaHHBixx npe;(MeT0Bx. IlaBJiOBx openo;taBajix 
6a^e nonepeiiiiBHO (|)a3aKy, lexaoJioriH), jiicoBo;^CTBO a cejiBCKoe 
xosaficTBO. Oax ;i;ocJiyatBJica ^o CTaicKaro coBixaaEa, 6bijix q.ie- 
HOMX-Eoppec^OB;^eaxoMX y^eaaro EOMaxexa MaaacxepcxBa Focy- 
flapcxBeaBHXX HMya],ecxBx ^). IIo BHCoqaflnie yxBepffi^neaaoMy npo- 
eBxy npeAnojioateao 6u3LO ycxpoaxB npa Moceobceomx YflaBep- 
CBxex* ArpoBOMBHecEifl Hacxaxyxx aa 14 HejiOB^Ex cxyieBTOBX, 
Eoxopne no osoaHaaia Eypca Mona 6x1 npeno^aBaxx arponoMiH) 
BX y^efiaBixx 3aBe;^eaiaxx bjlb (jLyqaiie) oinpaBaxBca sarpanimy 
jttJia npojcojiateaia ofipasoBaaia. Bx pyE0B0;^axeJIa aacxaxyxcKHXi 
saaaxifi npe^i^Hasaaqajica UaBJOBX. Ho bx ho^b no;ix 3-e anp'i^Jifl 
1 840 r. M. r. nonyBCXBOBajix CBJBBHa npacxynx EpoBa EXBopx- 
neii ^acxa rpy^a a nepesx qacx noMepx, aa 47-omx ^o;^y on 



») Cip. 185. 
2) Cip. 183. 



109 



po;ty, ocTasHB'B dojumyio ceHBio. Ero yTpaxy 6jih8BO npHHajB 
Ki cepwy ynHBepcHTeTx h OfimecTBo ceJiLCKaro xoaafiCTsa. Knasb 
][, B. FojiEiiiiEiB'B BQpasujicfl naMflTH IlaBJioBa: „Bi jjiJifk oc- 
HOeaTejifl TeopiH ^eujieji'bma bi PoccIh, bi jiei^']^ noRofinaro IlaB- 
.loea Mu noeecjH BejiaKyio noxepio. OcTaBJiaa nopTpeTi ero h% 
sajrax'b sacfeMHia (MocKoecKaro 06m. c. xoaaficxBa), mh qr^a- 
mvL^ ^) TopaecTBeHeyK) jiant npHSHaiejiBHocTH nanaTH noKoSHaro 
npo^eccopa, laKi MHoro Tpy;iHBinaroca fl^Jia naraero OCmecTBa, 
jjjia HayKH, jijlh OTenecTBa*. 

H npaBTHHecKaa jifksLTejihBOCTh HaBJiOBa, e ero jLHTepaxypHO- 
HayHHaa ;i'6aTej[BH0CTB secBMa pasHOoSpasHu n noEasiiBafOTi 60- 
raiyK) pasHOCTopoHHocTb h KHnyqecTb ero HaxypH. Ero JieKi^iH 
npHBJieEaJH MHoatecxBo cjrymaTejieS, h bi ero ay;^aTopiH qacTO 

Tpy^JHO 6hJI0 OTHCKaTb liiCTe^KO. HiCKOJIBKO Jl'bTTy CpajCy OH*B 

iHTaji'B uyfijHqHHe KypcH ^) ceJiBCKaro xo3aficTBa, KOTopna ycep;^eo 
oujiH noc^niaeMu jiio6ETeMU)i n ;^ame jiHi^aMH Biicinaro ce'l^ia. 
HMnepaTopcKoe 06mecTB0 cejiBCKaro xosaftcTBa npHrjacHJio erona 
nocTX ;^HpeKTopa cocioaBinefi npn 06mecTB4 seMJie^^ijiBHecKoft 
fflKOJiH H nopy^HJio eMv yqefiHHfl onHTHBift xyTopx. Ha xyiopi oh^b 
pacnpocTpaHHJLx xpaBOciaHie h pasBe^tenie KopnenjiojiOB'B, cieo- 
o6opoTH H ;i;aaKe HsoCpiji'B OC0611B n^yatOKi (npncnocofijieHHHfi k'b 

MiCTHHMl nOTpeCHOCXaMX), KOTOpHfi HOCHJIX CFO 0Ma. OiKaBaB- 

fliHCB OTi 3aB4;^HBaHia xyiopoMi (saHicKOJBKO J'6T'B;^o CMepxH)^ 
oh:b Ha CBofi c^ei'B saBeix seMjeA^JiBHecKoe yHnjrHin;e jiJia Kpi- 
nocTHHXx MajiBHHEOBT), KOTopHX'B oOy^ajn coBpeMeHHOMy xosafi- 
CTBy, coo6pa3HO pyccKOMy CuTy h npipefiHOCTaM'B ^). 

Ko Bceiiy BiOMy Hajcofino npntfaBHTB eme, hto HaBjiOB'B 
co^epmaJi'B naHcioHx, bx kotopom'b ^o;^^OTOBJIaJIH k'b nocTynje- 

HilO Bl yHHBepCHTeTX. 

JlK)6onHTHO , HW Bx naHcioHi UaBJioBa BOcnnxJiBajicff 



') Cxp. 191. 

^) HtcKOJibKo 3THXT» jeKi^ifl 6biJio HanenaTaHO Bt «Mock. Btfl.» (B. Cjob.^ 
II, CTp. 188). 

«) Cip. 489. 



'^ 



*) C. HeerbdrhHCKiu, KaiKOBT. H ero Bpewfl, CUB., 1888, cip. 6—7. Oipu- 
BOKi m% 9T0H KHBrn noflBHJiCH Bi aPyccROMi BtcTHBRt» 3a 1888 r. T. 196-n, 
iiOHb, CTp. 16—54. «KaTKOBi h BtjWHCKifi*, noanHcano C. Cm. laMi cip. 21. 

*) TaMT» ace, cip. 2 

8) Cm. CO'!., T. VII, CTp. H9. 



— 110 — 

^Y^ymii npo^eccopx (|)HJ[Oco$iH h meJuiBHroBei];'!* (cTflxaBmia 
HSBicTHOCTb, BEpoHeMX, Ha ^[pyroM'B nonpHmt) — MaxaeJii Hh- 
EH^opoBHH'B EamKoez. „Ha (|>HJ[oco(|>CRoe pasBETie jehihocth 
KaTBOBa OBasaj'B, MoaceT'L Chtb, en^e 6dJikniee BJiijiHie, ^iwh 
Ha^iem^HHt, npo(|)eccop'B M. F. XlaBJiOBx ^)". UaHCioH'B UaBJiOBa 
OTJHHajica KaEX o6mjiLWh ycTpoficxBOMt , xaBx h yqefiHoio 
nacTLK) ^). I 

RpoM^ KaTBOBa, bsi naHciosa IlaBJioBa BEiiuen eiiie ^e-i. 
jiOBiBi, CBHrpaemifl oqenb OojibmyK) pojiB b-b mocbobckbxiiI 
BpyffiEax'B: dto Shjii CxaHKeBHi^, BOToparo Fepi^enx ^) nasu- lU 
fiaexi npo^ojiacaTejieMi Ai>Jia IlaBiOBa, saBepmHBuiHM'B to, ^ero * 
He Mori ^toBOH^HTB ero yiHTeJTB h BOcnHTaxejib. 

B% 0BTfl6pi 1831 r. JiacTOBt „Mocbbh" (JVe 40, 1831 r.) 
HSB'i^niaJix 06*^ OTBpuTie nancioHa M. F. IlaBjiOBa na ocHOBa- 
niflxi CTporo o6;[yMaHHo3 CHCTeMU BOcneTaHia. 06j!raiaBniiS 
MHorocTopoHHHM'b BHaeieMT), npo^eccopx ya&e Chjix ontiTeHx Bt 
aTOMX jtijii; ohx HicEOJbRO ji^tx cpajiy HMiiB hoa'b Ha;^3opoM'E 
CBOHMx „Bjiaropo;tHHfl naHcioHX**, y'^peat;^eHHHfi npa Mockob- 
CBOMB yHHBepcHxeTi. 06% dBsaMGHax'b wh ero hobomx h CKopo 
npocjiaBHBffleMca ynednoMx 3aBe;^eHiH, C. T. ABcaBOBi npncH- 
jra;[i H'i^CBOJibBo pasB bi pe;iaBn,iH) „Mocbbh" caMsie jiecTHue 

OTBBIBbl. 

B'b 1830 r. CTaHKeBBHi nepeixaii* b% MocKBy, bi ;^0M^ 
H ceMefiCTBO HSBicTHaro npo^eccopa M. F. HaBJiOBa, OTsyM h 
;^epaKajii BBsaMeHX na nocTyn.«eHie bx ynHBepcHTeTx. M. F. 
UaBJioBB, ROTopHfl TOF^a eme ne coAepjKaJi'b nancioHa, cio-ib 



— Ill — 

ESB^CTHarO nOTOMX BCefl MoCSB'fe, H Rib BOTOpOHy CTaHBeBH^I'B 

6u]i% peBOMeuAoeaH'b Cbiboihm'b cbohmi HacxaBHEiBOM'B n. R. 
6edopoebiM6j hm'J&ji tfoiBmyio aojk) BJiflHia ea HanpaBJieHie h 
pasBHTie GTaHBeBEiqa. BuA^pKaB'B BssaMeH'L h nocTynHBx b% 
CJOBecHoe (saB'B Tor^a BasuBajiock) oxAijEeBie yHHBepcBTeTa, 
CTaHBeBH^'B npoAOJUBaJi TKum y npo^eccopa, no^Bsyacb ee- 
6oibinoK BUMHaTofi bi* ero Aoui m o6ii;hmi ctojiomi cb ero 
ceHcilCTBOMi.... CiaHBeBH'i'B npoAOJisaJi'b dohth ao BOHi(a sypca 
asHTB BB js.ou'b IlaBJOBa H cocTOflTL noAi ero HpaBCTeeHHUH'B 
BJiiflnieifB.... CTaHBeBH^B shjh bx BBapxnp^ IlaBJiOBa, nacTO 
pas^^ijflfl €% HHM'L CBpoMHyK) xpaneBy; ohi nepi]i,KO mwkji'h 
ay^afi Ced^^OBaxL y nero h cb HaA^TR^HHBiM'B; ho obojibbo no- 
cjii;(Hifl 6uji'h coodn^HTejeHi h totobx na otb^tx npa bcaboicb 
sanpocb, ctojbbo nepBuii He j[io6nJi'B A^JiHTBCfl CBoeio MBTCJifo 
E coo6ntaj[7> ee tojbbo bi y^enoff 4^opM'6 .leBi^in, xota o6a 

€XO;^HJlECB no paSHUM'B HyXfllfB K% OJCHOMy BOSBp'bHiH). IlaBlOBl 

HeoxoTHo OTB^faqaji na nsiTJinBBie paBCopocBi CxaHBesHHa h 
€Tapaj[Cfl CBop'&e yBJOHHXBca oxi hexi,. nim> A^Th hmi no- 
CHjLHoe yioBjiexBopenie; CxaHBeBHHx, saBX h bc4 ;^pyrie, flo.i- 
seHB 6ujn> orpaHH^nxBca ero npenoAaBaeieMB n o6BflCHeHieM'B 
npo^HxaHHaro ^). 

KpoM'b dXHxi ;^^flxejeff bi o6jmcxH mhcjh n ho^hxebh, 
DaBJOBx ofipaaoBajiB b'b ynnBepcHxexi njiesAy coei^iajHcxoBx, 
jiOKOHHBBaBfflHxx CBofl Bypcx B'B Hexepdypri h sa rpaHHi^eio, 
KaKxo: H. H. MeAfbauoea^ HMenmea^ XodeuKato u KoHemoea. 

IlaBJiOBx ropaqo padoxajii ajia pacnpocxpaHenifl mejrjinH- 
roBofi (|)Hj[oco(f)iH, RaBi BB ynHBepcHxexi h naHcioni, xas'B h 
Boo6me cpe;^H ^HxaxejieK, 

TaBX OH-B BflpoAOJiffieniH 1828 — 30 rr. HSWBaJix atypHaJx 
flAxcHefi*^. JKypnaJiB hm4jii no npeHMymecxBy JiMxepaxypno- 




^) AHHCHKoei, H. B. CTaHKeBHiB, Biorpa(})ifl, CTp. 23, 24, 37. 



— 112 — 

nay^Hoe nanpaBJieHie. IIporpaMMy ero cocTasjifljiH: 1) nayBH h 
CJiOBecHOCTB, 2) CTHXOTBopeHifl, 3) BpHTHBa H 6H5jiiorpa(|>ifl h 
4) cuicb. Ci 1829 r. ki acypnajry npHCoe;[HHHJiocB oco6oe 
npnjiomeHie npn sasAofi BHHTRBt no^^-B sarjiaBieMi „3anucKH 
j^jis, cejLCBHxi xosfleBi, saBOAHHEOBi n 4)a6piiBaHTOB'B^. FiaB- 
HUME C0Tpy;tHHEaMH 6ujiH npo^eccopa h ;^pyrifl JiHi^a, He. 
Cneiupeedy 6paTBfl Ilepeeov^uKoeUj B. OOomhckOI^ Hadeoicdum^ 
Ey6apeedj JlyOeuaci^j Andpocoez ^)j Jf. TonuAhcmHj A. Sunoeheeh 
H npo^- ^). S^icb ate HMiexca nepesojix ex (f)paHn,y8CEaro „0 
seMJieTpaceHiaxx**, noAnHcaHHBifi ^. Fepwm (1830, XI, 289 
—307). 

IlaBJiOB'B He orpaHHHHBajica nponaraH;i;oio neqaTHOio; oxotho 
npHdiraJx ohx ^^ja pacnpocTpaneHifl ^hjoco^^Ih cpe^n o0- 
ii^ecTBa H Bi ycTHOMy cjOBy bx bha'^ ny6j[HqH£iX'B JieBi^iS. 
Ohi 3a6oTJiHBO no;i;Kep2KnBaj[i ceonieHifl co CTapifiniHM'B hbhj(' 
H'l^fimEMx npe^cxaBHTejieHx mejOHHroBoii HaTyp(|)HJioco4^iH vb 
Poccin, Ch ]!,. M. EejrjiaHCBBMi, o neMi hu nii'beM'B jikhbh^ 
CBBA'i^TejiBCTBa nocj['£;(H)iro. npe;^i> BejiaHCEHMx UaBJOBi^ 
noB0;iEMOMy, CMepflJn CBoe 6o.iBnioe caM0JiK>6ie. Boti cjiosa BeJi- 
JiaHCBaro: 

„])Ti MocBBi npoatHJi'B a laBate qexBipe ^ea, otx 12 ;^(> 
16 aBr. (1833 r.) MocBOBCBie npo(|>eccopa OKasajin mh'6 cauuB 
jiecTHBifi H ;tpysecTBeHHEi'B npieMx UaBjioB'L I'l.Taji'B ;(jrfl iieflfl 
BeJiHBOJii'i^nHBiit o^iA'B, r^^ a nosHaBOMBJiCfl co MHOrnMH yeH- 
BepcHxeTCEHMH npo^^eccopaMH, oco6jibbo cb JI^aBuj^OBiiM'B, Ha- 

;ie7RAHHUM'B, lOBCBHU'B H Aj[IB(|)OHCBnMl. IlOCJli 06']k;ia, B'B (|)H3H' 

qecROMi Ba^HHeT^ IlaBJioBa s dec^AOBajx cb hhmh i^acoas eoccM. 
MocBOBCfBie y^eHKie nyBCXByioT'B bck) BaatnocTB ^ejioco^ckslvo ecie- 



*> KceH. JIoAeeou, 3anHCKH, cip. 89, CBH^tTeJibCTByeTT) 061 B. A. AHjjpo- 
coBt: <Oti coo6mecTBa cb ndBJOBUMB OB'bBCRop'l& CAtjaJCfl OTiaflnHUMB mei' 

JQHrHCTOM'b, n BCTptTQBmHCb J IIonOBa CB HHROJiaeMB AJieRCteBHHCMB (Ilojie- 

6UMB), ^peaBUHaiHO aaiiHTepecoBajiB ero hobumh Tor^a ynaci nAeflm Htiieii- 
Kofi (})HJioco(])iH». Cp. CTp. 86. «ABApocoBB nepBbiH noauaKOMHJiB H. A-na cb hI^h. 
(])HJioco(})iefi». 

'2) RQAKmameh, Biorpa(})ifl A. H. KomejieBa, I, 4, CTp. 476—480. 



— 113 — 

CTBOSBaniH, xoTn.Huodum hsx hhx'b n^nouHAz Moefi ^^bshrh^. 
OflH npHrj[auiaj[H MeHji mtb bmi h'^ckojibro jieBi^ifi hsi Haiy- 
pajbHofi 4^HJ0C0^iH, HO fl He Morx ocTaeaTbCfl y hoxi h na eatl 

fiejJiaHCicifi, yse cj'bnofi, BcnOMHHaji o MocBBt h o npo- 
^eccopaxi), cb KOTopuMH npuBej'L BpeMA y IlaBjiOBa, ne pas'b 
roBopHjii PosanoBy, hto Jlflsuj^OBh fiojiie HaBJOBa cnocodee-B 

El) ({)HJI0C04^CBHTX BOSSptHiflM'L, H HTO OH'B CB COJIBHIHMH CB^- 

^eeiaMH no nacTH (|)HJioco$iH *j. 

BnpoHeMi), Bi joHHOMi o6paiiieHiH rx IlaBjioBy BejiJian- 
CRig MHoro JiioOeBHie. 

Bi» cBoeHi HHCbM^ Rx IlaBJiOBy ') BejuaHCRifi (348) ^noRopBO 
npocHTi ero ywbj^ovmTh: RaROBUMi noRasajrca e&iy Rypcx ^^h- 
siojiorHHCKHxi. JieRBiifi", nocjaHHHfi UaBjroBy qepesx r. C***. „Ha- 
M'J^peBaflCk H3;i[aTi> b'l cb^ti moh) ^Hsiojioriio, a xoTd^Jii noRa- 
saTb OHyio npeABapHTejibHO xaRBM'B Jim^aM'B yqeeofi PoccificRoft 
ny6j[0REiy ROTopuH MoryTi aoHHMaTb h i];'6HHTb coHHHemfl cera 
pojja" (345). TaRi RaRx IlaB^iOBX xjonoxajii o tomx, hto6m ycxpo- 
HTb BejiJiaHCROMy ny6jiH?HU)i jeRqia bx Mocrb^, to BejuiaH- 
CKift coo6maeTx; „h easejH bx Mocrb4 CHiuyTca oxothhrh rx 
cjyinaHiK) M0HXXJieRn,iB, to a fiyjiymyio SHwy Mory npiixaTb r-x 
BaMB Hai^tJiyK) SHMy" (348). „JIh)6obi» Bama**, oCpan;aeTca onx 
Ki HaBJiOBy, „RB HCTHHHOMy HOSHaHiio H 6jiaropo;iHoe ycHjie rt» 
pacnpocTpaHeniH) ^HSHHecRHxi eayRx bx eameMx oTenecTB'j^ Ma, 
Meaa BOCxnTHTe-ibEH**. Br, 3aR.iK)«ieHie (3i9) BeJuancRifl CBH^it- 
lejibCTByeTx ^nCTHHHoe no^TCHie u HeAut^eMfbpuyw jhoCobb**. 

KpoMi cnei^iajifcHO $hjioco(|)crhxx CTaxefi, o KOToptixx piqL 
Cy^reTx HHate, IlaBJioBx HS/taj'B „OcHOBaBia (J)H30Rh** bx ;^Byx'B 



^) PoaaHOBi, BocDOMHnaHiH o 4- M. BejiJiancKOMi, cip 123. PyccKift 
BtcTHHKB, 1867 r., t. 72. H3t» nncbMa A* M. BejiJiaHCKaro m H. PoaanoBy otx- 
15 jieKafipH 1833 r. 

*) Tami «e, cip. 123. 

») «MoJiBa» 3a 1834 r.. JVo23, cip. 345-349 npH «TejiecKont» aa 1834r. 
H. XXI. IlHCbMO flaTHpoBano 29 Man 1834 r. bt. CIIB. 

8 



— 114 — 

Towax'L *), ^SeMJiGAiJiB^ecKyK) xHMiK)", Bx 2 TOMaxx, M., 1833, 
„Kypci cejiBCKaro xosaficTBa", 2 Towa; KpoM* Toro, HicKOJbKO 
Jiiix OHi HSjiiaBajii yate ynoManyTHe JKypHajiH ^ATeHefl", „Pyc- 
CKifi seMJieAi-neai", a npn „ATeHei" — „3anHCKH ;i;ia cejuBCKHXi 
xosflGB^, 3aBo;^HB[KOBx E (|)a6pHKaHT0Bx " . ^SeMJie^tijiLqecByK) 
XHMiro" oHi nasBaji'B „npHroTOBHTejiF>HOH) qacTJbio HayBH cejii)- 
CKaro xosaficTBa". nKypcx cejitcEaro xosaflCTBa" ocxaJica ne 

0E0H4eHHUMl *^). 

CaMocTOflTejbHHfi B^ MH'kHiflx'B H HOCTvnKax'B H pa3;^pa- 
aenxejisHiiS oTi npapoAKi, IlaBJiOB'L He yB.iOHfljica otx nojiCMHEH 

H „HeMH.10CepAH0 paSHJI^ CBOHX'B npOTHBHHKOBl" ^). ErO COM- 

Henifl BocHJiH nenaxB caMo6BiTHocTH h necoMH'i^HHaro ^napoBanifl; 
9T0 He 6hjih „pa6cKie nepeBom hjih SesoTqeTHBia no;^paa5aHifl". 
BosBpaTBBfflHCB HSB-sarpaBHiiiBi, OHx cpasy 6j!ecTan;e sapeicoMea- 
^liOBaji'B ce6a jieKuieio „0 rjiasHBixi CHCTeMaxi cejiBCKaro xoaafi- 
CTBa CB npHBapoBJieHieM'B Kx Poccin" (1821) h pi^Bro „0 no6y- 
;t0TejiBHKix^ npa^Heaxi coBepujencTBOBaTB ceJiBCKoe xoaailCTBo bi 
PoccIh npeHMymecTBCHHO ^pe;^'B ;ipyrHMH B'tiBaMH HapoAHOfi 

npOMHHIjeHHOCTH H MtpaXl, CymeCTBeHHO KX TOMy OTHOCa- 

rnnxca" *) (1823). 

Ohi> aBJiajica ropa^HM'B npHBepaLeHnjeMx njiOAonepeM^HHoi 
CHCTeMH, cqaTa^ii ecTecTB0B'6A*Hie ochoboh) pan;ioHajiBHaro xo- 
safiCTBa H Tpe6oBaji'B npaMineHia ero Ki MicTHUMX noxpefiBO- 

CTaMl. 

Bx ero coqaHeHiaxx BH;^flo CTpeMjenie ^o;^qHHHTB OTAiib- 
HHa AaHHBia HaysH o^noMy o6n^eMy, B^paBO o6cy:KAeHHOMy ea- 
Hajiy, BH^Ha x^CHaa CBasB Meas^iy ^acxaMH ea u fteodbtKHoeenndH 



') I TOMt, 4833, BTopoe najtauie I-ro h II. tomi bi 4836 r. Bi «CjiOBapt 
Dpo(J)eccopoBB» (cTp. 187, npHM. 2-e) omnoo'iHO: 1825 rojti (o6a TOMa). 

2) Cip. 487. 

») Cxp. 185. 

*) Cxp. 486. 



] 



— 115 — 

jmmecKaH nocAtbdoeameAhHOcmh^ flCHoe h JierRoe nsjromeHie npe;[- 

HCTa. 

Jlyqmafl xapasTepHCTHRa SHaqenifl IlaBJiOBa ^ja Mocbob* 
csaro yHHBepcHTeTa h MOCKOBCEaro o6iAecTBa c;('&jiaHa ero cjy- 
inaTejieM^ A. H. rept^noMh ^)\ bx nefl He^ero npE6a6j[flTB. 

^y^HJHCB JIH MU npe BCeM'B aTOM'B HeMyHQ6yAB, MOrJIH JIH 

HayqETBOi? IIoJiaraK), hto „;(a^. IIpeno^^aBaHie duio CByxH^e, 
ooieMi ero MenBine, q^Mi bi copoBOBBrxi ro^^axi. YHEBepcHTeTx, 
BnpoqeM'B, He jiojiJEiewh oKanMHeaTB Bay^Hoe BocnuTaHie; ero a^ho 
— nocTaBHTB qejioB'i^Ba It m6me npo^ojixaTB ea cbohx'b Horaxx; 
ero jk^jio — BOsdyAHTL Bonpocu, eay^HTB capamaBaxB. HHeHHo, 
dio TO £[ jt,^JiaLJivi Tasie npo(f)eccopa, saBi M. F. IXaBJOBi ^). 

FepMaHCKafl ^) 4)H;ioco^ifl 6uj9, npasHTa MocKOBCKony Yhh- 
BepcHTOTy M. F. naBJioBUMx. Raee;tpa 4)HJipco4)iH 6iJJia BaBpsETa 
CB 1826 r. riaBJiOB'B npenoAaBajii BBe^^eeie kt> 4)B;ioco(|)in bm^- 

CTO (J^HSBBH H CeJBCBarO XOSfliCTBa. $H3HB']k 6ujio MyApeHo Ha-> 

y?HTBCJi Ha ero jEOBn.iflX'B, cejiBCBOMy xoBflficiBy HOBosMoaiHo; 
HO ero sypcBi 6b[jb qpesBuqafiHO noiesnu. IlaBjOBX ctoajti b'b 
^iBepflxi ^H3iiBo-MaTeMaTHqecBaro OTAtienifl h ocTaeaBJEBajB 
cry^eHTa BonpocoMx: „Th xoneniB SHaxB npepo^^y? Ho mb xa- 
Koe npapoAa? ^xo xaBoe BHaxb?". 

9to qpoBBuqafiHO BaacHo; nama MOJiOAemB^ BCxynaH)m;aH b'b 
yHHBepcBxexi, coBepmeHHO JiHrnesa ^HJioco(|>CBaro npHroxoBje- 
sia; o;^HH ceMHHapBCxu HM'Ifox'B nomixie o ^Hjioco^^iH, Hosaxo 
coeepuieHHO npcBpaxHoe. 

OxB'i&xoM'B Ha 3TH Bonpocu IlaBjioBi BSJiarajii yqenie lUeii- 
JiflHra n OBena cb maKOw nAacmuHecKOw Hcuocmhw, Boxopyjo 
HBBorjia He jnniA'h hh o^bht* Haxyp(|>BJ[oco(|»'B. Ecjih ohi ho bo 
BceMx ;i:ocxHrHyji'B npospaqnocxH, xo oxo ne ero BHna, a Bena 



1) CoHHHeHifl, T. VI, CTp. 145, ttBujoe h ;iyMU», rjiaBa VI, t. I, h. I. 

») FepqeHB. Coq. Vlf, «BbiJioe h ayiiu», t. I, h. IV, rjiasa XXV, ctp. 149 

120. 



116 



MyTHOCTH niejjiHHroBa yneHia. CKopie UaBJOBa mo»ho o6bhhhti^ 
3a TO, ^TO OHi ocTaHOBMca Ha ?)ToB Mara6apaTi (|)HJioco(|)iH ir 
He npomejii cypoBHMx HCKycoMii FerejieBofi JornKH. Ho obi 
jiSLsae H B^ cBoefi HayKi lajiBme BBe^^enia n o6maro noHfliia He 
mejn, HJLH no KpafiHefi Mtpi, He Beji. ^tpyrnxi. Sia ocTanoBKa 
npa naiajii, bto neBaBepmeHie CBoero ;^tjia, 8th ;i;oMa fiesx KptioiH, 
^yHAaMBHTH 5e3T» ;tOMOB'fc H nEiniHHa cxiHu, Be;^yl^ia bx CKpoM- 
Hoe aiHJibe, coBepmeHHO bi. pyccKOMi* Hapo;^HOMX jiyxi. He ot- 
Toro jiH Mu AOBOJibCTByoMCii ciHflMH, ^To HCTopifl Hama eme ciy- 
qHTca B% Bopoxa? 

^ero He CAiJiaJii* naBinoBx, c^^iJiaji-B o;i;hhx hsi* ero y^e- 

HHKOBt — CTaHEOBHH'B " . 

„rjiaBHoe ^ioctohhCtbo HaBjroBa coctoajio bx Heo6BmaHHofi 
acHOCTH HSJioatenifl, hchocth, HHCKOjitKO ne xepaBraefi BceB rjy- 
6hh£I H'J^Mei^Raro MHiujieHifl^ ^). 

^onojineHieMt b-b xapaKiepHCTHKii A. PI. Fepi^eHa Moryn 
CJymHTB BOCnoMnHania jtpyraxi yqenHKOBX HaBJiOBa. 

CmydumcKiH bi cbohxx BOcnoMHflaHiflXT> o naBJOBt roBO- 
paxx: „ Cjymaxejiefi saHHxepecoBHBajia ueoObiKHoeeHuaH nocAtbdo- 
eamejihuocmh mucjiu u HpeseuHauuaa cotcamocnih usAOotcemH. Ilae^ 
Aoez ue Aw6uM pacnpocmpaHHmhCH^ Omm ckynz nacAoea. Kaffi- 
;^oe BiipajKenie ero saxo oxjiHBajiocL xaKi* xopouio, 6hjio xaK'B 
nojiHO, xaKx. oieBH^HO Basajiocb ex ;^py^HMH, hto xor^a yase mh, 
nepBOKypcHHe cxy;i;eHXH, y^HBJiajiHCb ero JioroKi h ne mofjih 
HaAHBHXbca. 3xofl jiorHRt mucjih cooxBtxcxBOBajii BH^maift 
;^apx HBJiOffieHia. OroHb wh rjiasaxx, ABMmenie bx Kaatwfl ^epxi 
jiHnia, HenpepHBHaa dMina ney^^OBOJibcxBia h xop^ecxBa, BOJae- 
Hie pi^H, HHor;ia cnoKOfinofl h Jibiomeflca, Ha^^e o6pHBHCxofi, 
BOCTopaceHHofi, naxexH^ecKofi, — Bce 8X0 noKasHBajo cxpacxHyro 
jiK)6oBb Ki npe^Mexy, a Moseexi 6HXb, h rx cbohmx cjymaTe- 
jiaMi. Oxx nepBofi JieED;iE ;^o nocJiiAneft — ne 6hjio hh o^Boi 



») Cip. 422. 



— 117 — 

noJLOAEoH^ BE oAHott cjxofl BJH csy^Hofi. OAynieBJieHie He ocxaB- 
•MAO npo<|)eccopa HnnaMBj^yTy. H aio OAynieBjreHie nepexo^HJO 
Bcerjia bi ero cjymaTejieB. Mhcjih IlaBJioBa, muao npuuecmia 
mMn noAh3u ffb caMoU uaynrb^ nocjiymnjin OAHaRO jse ji^hsl nacB 
nyieBOAHOEO HHThH) Bij^pyrnxi, pasBOJiH hje, no KpafiHefi M^pt, 
nocjiyjEHJiH SI pasBHTiH) Rafioro to oco6eHHaro spnTH^ecRaro 
BsrjiflAa Ha Haysy BOo6ii^e, ea ea nanajia h ocnoBS^Hifl, na ea pasBH- 
Tie H BEinojiHeHie. 

To»e roBopHTT. Apyrofl yHeHHEx IlaBJiOBa, npo(|). lume- 
m± 3,CTporaa jorHiecKaa nocjijjOBaTejiLHOCTb Msicjiefi, othot- 
JiBBoe Hxi OTJOsenie, AHHaMn^ecEifi bsfja^^'b na npnpoAy, ^^hjo- 
€0(j|)CKifi xapasxepi ero yHeeifl h, HaK0Hei](i>9 yMinBe B036yAHTB 
Bi cjrymaTejflX'By Easoro 6u BBania a o6pa30BaHifl ohh hh 6bijih, 
oxoxy H pBCHie kx MEinweHiio — botx ero neoTxeMjeMHa sacjryrE, 
3ox'b H^Mi CHncsajn OHX cnpaBej^jiHByH) npHseaxeJiLHOCXB h ysa- 
meflie Bcixx cbouxx cjiymaxejieft ^y. 

^Cjiynajiocfc, hto sfla^HxejtHaa nacxb ay;^HXopiH cjOBecnaro 
OT^tijieHm cnycBaj[acB oj^hhmi axaffieMi HHse bi cspoMHyH) 3ajiy 
<{)H3HRo-MaxeMaTHHecEaro h nanoAHflJia ee 6hxbom'b. 9xo 6H.10 npn 
JeREjiax'B M. F. HaBjroBa, HExaBmaro cnepBa (|)H3HEy, hotomx xeo- 
piro cejibCEaro xo3flflcxBa, h bx o6ohx'b CJiyqaax-B pacnpocxpa- 
Hflemaro rpaHHi^u cbohxi npe^^MexoBii ^o BB^noqeeifl bx huxi i^'i^- 

^aro $Hj[oco(|)CEaro cosepi^aHifl Mu HM'i^eBi'b CBQA^xejikCXBO o 

•cymnocTH ero npenojiaBania, 6jiaroAapfl EHHr^fe, HBAanHofl npo(|)ec- 
<iopoM'B Bx 1833 r. 5 ^OcHOsaHie 4)H8hrh": xoxa yqefinaa Ennra, 
B'B o6a3aHHOcxb soxopofl BM'J^Haexca c^saxocxb n cxporaa CHCxena, 



*) KoA9onaHoet, Biorpa$ifl A. W. KomejieBa, 1,4, CTp.475— 476. flpocjiaFb 
Aiii»6epT0BHHi ^^HBOBCKiH 6uji% HCBp. /J. 3KCTpaopAHH. npo(|). ccjibCKaro xoaafi- 
CBBa CT» 1844—1846 r. Bi Mockobckomi yHHEepcHTeTt. hcmi cm. •Biorpa(j)H- 
HecKii cjiOBapb HMoep. MocKOBCKaro yHHB.», t. I, cxp. 458—462 h y 9. H. 
BycjiaeBa, I, <fdnmogu h31» HCTopin MocKOBCRdro yHHB.» sb «noHBHt» bb 1890 r., 

€Tp. 2—5. JlRHOBCBiil 28-TII JitTb ObUIb yOflTb CBOBmb KptnOCTHUMb CJiyXOK) (CBOA' 
RUMl 6paT0Hl). 



118 



pasyiiieTCfl, se MoxeTi nepexaTb scix'h pasBHTifi n noflceeHifi^^ 
Bi BaRHMi cnoco6Ho BOo6ii;e seBoe cjobo qejiOBiKa'' ^). 

Bapo^eMi, diiJia h ipyrafl CTopona MOAejH. HHBOJafl Po- 
sasoBi, y^eHHBi h ropa^ifi uosjiohhhbx meJiJiHHroBqa Beji- 
jiaHCBaro, saniqaeT'L o JieBi^iflxi; IlaBJiOBa: 

^IlAeH HaxypajbHOfi mBOJiii He CTO.ibKO npocBtniaJTH Majo 
noAroTOBjreHHHX'B mojoiwxx JiOAefi, cbojii»ro c^HBajiH axi Cb 
TOJiKy. HAeajHBHpyfl npeAMerii HayRx 6e8x noxroTOBBH b'b ecxe- 
CTB03HaHiH, MOJo^esB caifoxoBOJikCTBOBajacB Me^TauH BOo6paKeHiji^ 

jiyifaji, HTO AOCTRFJia BepmHHiii BHamfi He HMia noHATifl 061 

ecTecTBeHHHX'L HayBaxi, fipexH^H H'feMeiiBOH) ^Hjoco^^iefi, ro Bce^y 
npHJiaraH ea. noJoseHifl h ^pasepcTByfl ^)^ 

B'B sdLUVLCKi ^) npoj^eccopaxi MocROBCRaro yHHBepcHTeia^ 
ROTopyK) cocTaBHj'B HOMOHiHHR'B HoneHBTejifl MocROBCBaro y^e6- 
naro ORpyra rpa(|»i AjEeRcaHApx E. IlaHum bi Anp']&Ji% 1831 r. 
Ha npeiMeT'E npe/iCTaBJieHifl ea MHHHCTpy nepesx noneHnxe.iJi, 

RHflSfl C. M. FoAUI^UHaj XOT^BHiarO ^HO^HCTHTB" MoCROBCSiB 

yHeBepcHTeTX, ^to6h H86aBHTb ero otx HOBaro noaopa^ UaB- 
jiOB* BHaMTca (cxp. 217): 

HasAoei. yifenx h yqcHx, ho ne y iftera: eMy 6u cj'i^iiOBajra 
BosBpaxHTB Raeejipy ceiiBCRaro xoBflficxBa, a ({►HBHRy oT^axb no 
npeTRHeMy BeceAoecKOMy *), KOxopuS h xenepL ee ^pe^a;^aeT'B B^^ 
MeAHRO'XHpyprH^ecRofi ARa^eMiH. 



^) AHHeHROBi, H. B GraHKeBH^i. Biorpa^ff, erp.Sa, 3^. 

') Po3aHOBi>, BocnoMHHaHifl 4- M. BejiiiaHCROHi, cTp. 125. 

") HTeeifl bi 06mecTBt HCTopiH h ApeBHOCTee poccificKHXi npe Mockob- 

CKOMl yHHBepCHTCTt, 33 1870 T. OKTHfipb— AeKa6pb, KHHra HeTBepiafl. V, CMtCb, 

CTp. 214—219. «fIaHflTHafl sanicKa o npo4).> etc. (HSAana 0. BoAflHCRHH'b); «3a- 
miCKa^— 217— 219. 

^) llBaHi CeHeHOBiHi BecexoecKiik poA. vh 1795 r.. jHHJicfl bv Mockob- 
CKOHi yaiBepcHTeTt ci 1813—1816 r., 67A7HH KaHAiAaiOMi 4>H3iiKO-HaTeHaTi- 
HecKHxi HayRi, CTajii HaynaTb HeAHiuiHy 1 Bb 1823 r. crajii AORiopoHi MeAnn- 
CiiyacHJi'b H 31 yHHBepcHTeTik, h bi ARaAeHiH, npenoAaBaH HeAHRaMi HaTeHaTiR;. 



— 119 — 

JljeraJiBHoe Hsy^eHie co^HHenifi IlaBJiOBa Bnojinb noATsep- 
siaeTi npHBe;ieHHiie otsuru. co;iepsaHiH ero JieRi^iR AB.ioT'h 
BOSMOSHOCTb cyAHTb He TO JBRo HaneqaiaHHUfl co^MBenifl h cTaxbH, 
HO H BuuieynoMflHyTiie ROHcneKTu RypcoB'L no cejiBCROiiy ;iomo- 
BOACTsy H MHHepajioriH. 

noco6iflMH no Rypcy ce^tCRaro xosflScTBa IlaBJiOB's Ba3u- 
Baen: 1) A. ThaSr^ GrundzQge der rationellen Landwirth- 
schaft., Berlin, 1809. 8) L. Trautmann^ Landwirthschafts- 
lehre, Wien, 1816. 3) Le comte Chaptal, Chimie, appliqu^e 
a TagricuUnre, Paris, 1823. 4) Arthur Toung, Le cultivateur 
Anglois, traduit de TAnglois, Paris h 5) SeMAedrbAhuecKan 
XHMifl, co6cTBeHHoe co^HHeflie ^). 

IIoco6iflMH no MHHepaJoriH yRasanu: I) Ceeepiunz, IlepBEifl 
ocHOBania MHHepaJorin, CIIB, 1798. 2) P. 0uuiep&, OpnKTO- 
rHOsia; MocRBa, 1818. 2) Hauy, Traits de Mineralogie, Paris, 
1801. 4) D" Aubuisson de Voisens, Geognosie, Paris, 1819. 
3) A. de Humboldt J Essai g^ognostique sur le gisement des roclies 
dans les deux hemispheres, Paris, 1823 '). 

CeJbCKaMT. ilOMOBOilCTBOM'B HMCHyeTCfl nCRyCCTBO paSMHOffiaTB 

uojeaeiiia bx o6^e»HTiH pacTenia h atHBOTHHJi. TaRx RaRx ohh 
no saRoeaMi. HpeABiqearo npOH3Bo;^aTCfl ecTecTBennHMH CHJiaMH, 
TO pasMHOKaxb ee BnaqHTx ^poH3Bo;^HTI), a tojibro co;^•fefflcTBO- 
Baxb npoH3Bo;ifl^efl npapoA*, nonnMaa ooa'b npnpojiOK) ^iflCTBie 
ecTecTBenHHxx chjix, Be;^y^^HX^ Hanajio otx TBopnecRaro Bce- 
MorynjecTBa '). Co^'feficTBie 9To Bcero 6y;^eT'B yjia^H^e, Ror^a mh 
fiy^ewt snaTb saROHH npnpoiBi, no RaRHMx CBepinaeTca npons- 



M (|)i3iiR7. Gi 1829 r. cjiy7RHJii> Bi oahoh AKaAeMin, a bi 183K r., iipo;iojiH?a2 
cjyMTb Bi AKafleMiH, nocTyoHJii bi yHHBepcHTeii op,iHHapHi>iMi npotj). (J)h3hkw 
M cjiyatH.ii ao 1839 ro;ta (BiorpatJ). cjoBapb, I, cip. 163—165). 

') CTp. 199. 

*) Crp. 195. 

») Cip. 195, 196. 



— 120 — 

BOACTBO (jS,0 n03BaHifl HX'B AOBOAE[TT> CCTeCTBOSHaHie); SaHMVaTLCfl 

cevibCKHMH pa6oTaMH, (t. e. co^cMcTBOBaib paBMROHcemio nojies- 
Buxi BaMi pacreHifi n shbothux'b) cb B'bpH'bflniHM'B yca'ibxoM'B 

MOXHO TOJIbRO, OSapflfl BXl CB'J^TOMl eCTCCTBeHHBIX'B BayRl H 

nanpaBJiflfl hxi no Bay^BEiM'E yKasasiflH'B. Tasi mii o6paTHJiH 
B'E BayRy ecRyccTBO ce^Bcsaro ^OMOBOACxBa. Ho Be ROJoiHqecTBO 
pa8MB03RaeMuxT> i^poHSBe^eBifi, a ^ecthS BH0rpiiinii> ecTb rjiaBHaa 
riixh cejibCRaro WMOBOACTBa. Bepxx SBaBia ecTB ycTpoHTt, co- 
o6pa3HO 8Toft i^tjiH BecB MexasBsifB pafioTx; cnocoCflocTb ki 
TOMy npJo6ptTaeTCfl no3BaBieM'B aa^aJii n npoHSBOACTsa. 

Hsjio^efliK) cejEbCRaro xosafiCTBa aojjkbo npeAinecTBOBaTB 
H3Ji02ReBie Ba^ajii, saHMCTByeMEixx h8i> ecTeCTBeuauxi HayRi. 
HayRy CejEbCRaro JI^OMOBOACTBa pa3A%jiflH> aa mpu qacxa: bi> 
nepeoU Hs^iaraiOTca Ba^a.Ta, bo emopoU onwcHBaiOTCn npo- 
B3B0jiCTBa, BTi wpenihe^ roBopHiCfl o6i ycTpo8cTB*fe hjih op- 
raBHsam'H xo3aflCTBa. Bx nepBOfi qaciH caymarejib npejj- 
CTaBJiaexcfl CBBjsL^Tejeifi roro , nrb h RaRx dpohsboa'BT'b 
npepojia, BOBTopofi — RaRi cB']&AeBia,npH pascMaxpEBaBia npHpojiu 
npiofipixaeMHfl, npecnocoC-iflroxca rx cejibCRnMX 3aBaxiaM'E; bi 
xpeTi>e2 pacRpuBaioxca cnoco6Er, RaRi bx o6pa30BaBiii ufkjiocTii 
xosaHcxBeBBHX'L pacnopaseBifi mosrbo pyROBO^cxBOBaxbca cuijie* 
BiaMH, npejtJO^ReBBUMB bii nepBuxi ^Byxi nacxaxb ^). 

I ^acxb ^), HaHCUia^ pacnaAaexca no ^ncjiy npe;iMexoBx, na 
mpu omdrbAeniH: 1) noneu seMJia, 2) pacmeuiH e 3) oicueomHUH. 
II ^acTb '), npouaeodcmeaj xoa?e no HBCJy B3yHaeMHX'b npe^cMexoBi 
pa3;^tJ!aexca Ba w/?M oxi^jieBia: I) SeMAedtbAiCj x. e. npHBeAeflie 
seMjKB Bi xaRoe cocxoaaie, qxo6u aa aefi pa3Mflo»axB pacxeni^, 
2) PasMuoMeuie pacmeuiH^ 3) paaMuoMeuie OKyueomuuxb. 

^acxB III. ycmpotJcwffO *). SA'ikcB xpH Bonpoca: nxoycxpai- 



*)CTp.196, 197. 
») Cip. 197. 
«) Crp. 198. 
*) Cip. 199. 



— 121 — 

Baxb? Baseua cnoco6aMH? sasi ycipoeHHOe BecTn ki> CBoeit i^^jih? 
CoofipasHo dTOuy, h sjiicb mpu OTiK^JieHifl: 1) OOaaeedmie (seMJifl, 
pa5oTa n CTpoeeiji), 2) Gnoco6u uau cucmeMU u 3) YnpaeAenie 
(KHHrH, pacnopaxeHifl, ncTopin xosJiitcTBa). 

CioJib ate jiofH^Ho nocTpoeHi h KOHcnesTii jiexi^iB no mh- 
HepajioriH. 06a npej^Meia (h MHeepaxom, h cejibCKoe x03»ffCTBO) 
A0Ji3KH£[ 6eij[E[ 6iiI HHTaHkOi B'E OAHHasoBOM'b o6'BeH^, HO „coo6- 
paacajiCb ci Tor^^amHHMn Tpe6oBaHiflVR h no cbohmi iiCRj<iOHBTej[B- 
BQBfB saHJiTiflU'L BarpaHui^eK) '^ , IlaBjioBi Ha MHoepajiorico nocsa- 
iiiaji:b BpeneHH Men'fee, orpaHH^HBaACb oOniieifL Bsrjiflj^OMx. H 
€H);(a oh:b yM'&i'B BHecxs ^pesBKHaBno ii Horo jiofioiiuTHaro h opa- 
THHajbHaro. Cx hhmx HHorAa mosho 6ujlo He corjiacHTbCH, ho 
^Hejibsfl 6£iJio He yBJiesaTbCfl ero JorHqecBHM'B h Hsan^HbiMTi b3- 
jioaeHieMx" ^). 

MsHepajKbi dbiBaioT'b npocxne h cjosniie. IIocjEi^^Hie cocto- 
ATI H3i nepBbix!b, a T'ib H Apyrie bm^ct^ cocxaBJifliorB uaTepHirb. 
DoaiOMy MEHepajoriio „pa3;(iJiJiK>^ na mpu qacTa: bx nepeo4 
pascHaTpHBaioTCfl Manepajiu npoctue, bo emopoH — iiHHepajiH 
cjo^Hue (ropHHfl HopoABi), Bib mp6m&6«^~MaTepiifi'b (npocme h 
CJiosHEie ifHHepaJsii wh coBORynHOCTH). 

I ?acTb ^) noApa3;C'6j[fleTCfl Ha mpu OTA'^jeHia: bi> nepeoMh 
upej^jraraioTCfl npuanaKu npocmuxi MuuepoAoeh^ bo emopoMh — o 
HaHajaxx, na Boxopuxx ocnoBiiBaexcfl npHBe^^Hie hxx wh chc- 
TeMv no yBa3aHiK) npHSHasoBi, x. e. HS^iaraexcfl cucmeMa npoc- 
muxh Munepojioez] mpemhe saKjEio^aexx ^mcmnoe onucanie npoc- 
muxi MUuepaAom^ noposHb no npEHflxoMy nopfl^sy (BaMHn, cojih^ 
ropioiia Ben^ecxBa, pyA^i) • ?acxb II ^), MuuepaAu cjhoofcuu^ uau 
lopHUH nopodbij no;to6HO nepBOfi, pad^^'ljaeica na xpii ox;(']&jie- 
Hia: 1) npuanaKu lopuuxi nopodz, 2) cucmeMa wpuuxb nopodzy 



^) Cip. 191. 
») Crp. 192. 
») Cip. 193. 



122 



3) Hacmnoe onucanie ropHBixi i^opoA'B (BpHCTajbHaro ofipasoBaHiji, 
ciOHCTaro, npHSMaTB^ecKaro, cjiHTBOBaro). ?acTB III. MamepuKs^ 
HJET npocTuefl cjiosHfie MBeepajiii hi cobokyohocth ^). Marepas'^ 
MoseTi 6iiTi» pascMaTpHBaeifB hjib cam no ce6i ota'^jiiiHO (npn- 

TOMl JIb60 1) BX COCTOflHia dUTifl, JIII60 2) BI COCTOflHiH Jl^i' 

CTBifl), HJE Bi OTHomemH Ri BOBxyxy h boa'6, Bifbcit ex kob- 
MH OHx ofipasyeTi nJiaHery. IIoaTOHy nTpeibs ^acTL MHHepajio- 
ris pasA'bJifleTCfl xose na xpa OTKbJienia: 1) ilfam€(|7t«x3 ^ coc- 
moHuiu dumia (pascMaTpHBaMufi b'b tAjloct^^ OTHOCHTejbHO no- 
BepxHOCTB, OTHOCBTeJBHO CTpoenifl), 2) Mamepum edcocmonuiu 
dnMcmein (ByjiBanu, seiiJieTpjiceHifl, seMHoS HarneTHSMi hjih 
;^'6flTejiLH0CTi» vaTepHsa), 3) MamepuK6 eh otnuotueuiu kz eodih 
u eoadyxy (paspymaTejiiiHHfl na MarepHS'L BJiiflnia, nponsBOAB- 
TejbHOCTb ifaxepHRa bjh npoespoiSAeBie HHnepajioB'b, Bna^enie 
varepHBa- vh cocxaB^ njraneTEi. 

reoimtR se uaHnayBa npoHcxoAc;(eHiii seMJin otbochtch 
ne SI EcTecTBenHoft ncTopin, a si KoCMOveuiUj a noTOMy ne bxo- 
XBTX Bi Rypcb HHHepaJiorin: hsi onaro see HeTaj^BSHqecBoe nc- 
Bjno^aoTCa *). 

HeTepecyioniBXCfl othmb BoncneBTaii h nojipo^B^e b nosBOJH) 
ce6']& oTOCJiaxb B'b caifOHy xeBCxy bxi. OdHaBOMJieHie ci hhmh, 
oco6eHHO, CB ttHHepajEorRqecBflifb, OBaacercB naH*^ nojiesHHM'b 
npn ycBoeBin nocji^jiMEX'h qacxefl „$h3hbh^. 

6B6jiiorpa4)iB co^BHenifl IlaBJiOBa emfi ne cocxaBjeBa. KoAto- 
nauoez^) roBopnTx: Boti nepeneeb sypaajibniixi CTaxefi Has- 
jOBa (cnBCOBi — senoJiHiifl h HeToqaiift): BicrnaBx EBponu 1825 r., 
Jk 20. „Bo3MO»HOCTb H nojibsa naysa ceJbCBaro xosaficTea''. 

MaeMOBana, 9. IV, cip. 1 — 34. „0 cnocoCaxii B3Cji4ao- 
Baaifl npapoAbr" — 6esh nodnticu ^). 

') Ctp. 194. 
») Crp. 195. 

8) Biorpa^ia A. H. KomejieBa, I, 2, cip. 299, 300, npHM. 71. 
*) OmHOOHHoe jKasaHie, KaRi h bi 6iorpa4>HHecROMi Gjroeapik*, CTp. 186, 
opHM.— Bi I Toxt «MHeH03Hniii>. GTaTbfl no;iaicaHa iz, n. 



— 123 — 

Bx „ATeHe4" sa 1828 i\ 

„0 BsaHMHOMX OTHomeHiH CB'tAeHifi onMTHHX'B H yMoapn- 
TejibBHX^", pasroBopi nepBufi, I, 2 — 15. BTopofi, II, 1 — 19, 

„0 paajiBqiH MeTRjiy HsamnuMH HCKyccTBaaiH h eayKaMH"^ 
V, 2-11, 

„0 npe.^MeT'fe (J)H3hkh**, VI, 129 — 141. 

yjCoAepataeie is pacnoJiOHfeHie $03hkh", VII, 253 — 263. 

3a 1830 r. 

^CraTBH m'h cjOBapa nayKx: (|)H;ioco(|)ia TpaHCi^eH;i;eHTa.iB- 
Haa H HaTypaJiBHaa", IV, 386 — 392. 

„njiaHx (^opwa) Hayici", VIII, 104—110. 

„CHCTeiUH ^HSHKii aTOMH^iecKaa a AHHawH^ecKafl"; IX,. 
185—192. 

„MHHepaj!orHqecKafl cncieMa". X, 248 — 255. 

„Teopia o6mjiXT> CBofflcxBX rfcjix, ocHOBaHHafl na ;^HHaMH- 

HeCKOMT> nOHflliH BemeCTB'i", OXpUBKH H3X (|)H3HKH, Kt XIX, 

1-50. 

„M0CK0BCK0e SaBCiieHie HCKVCCTBeHHUXl MHHepaJBHHXt 

BOAx, XIII, 98—101 (3a 1828 r.). 

„OTB'tTi Ha HeAoyM'feHie KacaieJiLHO cxo^ciBa acKyccTBeHHWx'L 
MBeepajibHHX'B bo;ii. r. Cmpyee cb HaxypajibEHMH". V, 274. 

„0tb4t'b Ha BospaateHifl „MocKOBCKaro lejierpa^a" (bx 
^2 VI 1828 r.), XI, 333—356 bt> ^Axene*" sa 1828 r. sa 
nojinncBK) sa — e^. 

„06n^ifi qepxeatt HayKx" bx „Oxe«iecxBeHHHXX sanncKax^"^ 
3a 1839 r., J« 7. 

Kt> 9X0My nyjKHO npHcoe^HHEXb ero BumeyuoMflHyxyio mc- 
cepxai^iio De nutritione foetus hominis, 1818 h iipyria cxaxtn, 
ynoMimaeMiia „Biorpa(j[)HHecKPiM'B CjOBapeM-B" h yKasaHHHH naMH 
BHine Ha CBoeMi M^cxi. 

cpej^cxBaxx kx ycoBepnieHCXBOBaoiio cejiscKaro xosflficxBa 
(aeK^ia npo$. OaBJiOBa) Bt „TejrecKon'b*' 3al836r., ^. XXXIV,- 
<5Tp. 501 — 518, oxx 30 ceHx. Jtax. cxaxba: M. 16 cenx. 1836 r. 



124 



BtpoflTBO, eny aae npHfiaAJe»aTi> ctsltib „Tojikh o co<iHHeBiH 
Taepa" bx ^AxeHei" sa 1828 r., VI, Xz 21, cxp. 102—103, 

Meotcoez wh Kaiajiort KHarx Baayuoea (1869) — sa BpeMa 
CT. 1825 — 69 r. BOBce He ynoMnnaeTx o ^SeMjeA^jiBHecKoft 
XHifiB"; aa cxp. 262 noAx J\» 4231: KypcB cejEbCKaro xosafi- 
CTBa, 2 T., M., 1837. I^ina 3 p. Pe^eH3iH: 

1) BaCjiioTeKa am HieHifl sa 1838 r., x. 26, ox^. VI, 
cxp. 26—32. 

2) CoBpeMeHHHKx, 3a 1838 r., x. IX, cxp. 96. 

3) CtBepHafl n^ejia sa 1838 r., JVs 30. 

4) JlaxepaxypHUfl npaCaBjeHifl k7» PyccEOMy HaBaaHAy sa 
1838 r., Ks 10. 

Ha cxp. 522 noAX JV2 7504; OcaoBaaia 4>b3bkb IL *) 
omadRa — BMicxo M.) IlaBJOBa, 2 x. CIIB. (omafiKa — bm4cto 
M.), 1833 — 36. Il,'6aa 3 py(5. He yKasaao, ^xo nepBufi xoitb 
-6eij'b nepeaeHaxaax BxcpuM-L asj^aaieMi bt* 1836 r. Peneasia: 

1) CiBepaaa uTCJia, 3a 1833 r., J\2.]V2 192 a 207 (MaiceaMO- 
saqa). 

2) Chbx oxe^ecTBa, 3a 1834 r. x. 1&4 (x. 42), oxa. IH, 
cxp. 577—589. 

3) MocKOBCKia aafijiOAaxejrB, 3a 1837 r., h. IX, 340 — 358. 

4) TejecKonx, sa 1833 r., x. XV, 103—114. 

5) TejecKoax, sa 1836 r., x. XXZIH, 554—580 (Haj^eas- 
XHaa). 

Ilopxpexi EaB^iOBa Momao aa^'l^xri, aanp., b'b ^AjLh6oui 
BEicxaBRB BrhAUHCKato^, M. 1898, cxp. 30. 



HepefijiieMi xeaepB b'b BSJioaeeaifo Haxypif^HJioco^tCRBX'B 
;(OBxpBa'B M. F. HaajoBa. Bx asjoa^eaia mu 6yAeM'B AepasaxBCfl 
CBoero BcerAamaaro npaai^ana — ynoxpe(5jflXB no boshoshocth 
ojoaa caiforo aaropa, xaKi ^xo^firaami pe4>epaT'B npeACxaBJiaii 

') Ta »e omH6Ka h bi yKaaaiejrt (cip. 961). 



— 125 — 

co5ofi MajeHLRyio, no coBepineHBO TO^Hyio Moiejih i^'fajiaro. Hh- 
ji^mmjiysLJihEOCTh aeropa Bcer^a HHiepecHa, h peij^epaTi He Hifb- 
eTi npaBa CTiapaTb ee; rbwb 6ojiie 611.10 6fii s&sbo yTpaHHsaTb 
oco6eHHOCTB CTfiJia ElaBJiORa. CM'ibjio hosrho cnasaTB, ^to sa hc- 
KjfioqeHieMx HeMHorex'B ycTap'bjiux'B cjiobi h oCopoTOBx cohei- 
fleeiji IlaBJioBa js,o chxi nopi no m'^tbocth, RparRocTB h Bupa- 
SHTeJBHOCTH flsuRa— MOPyTx CHHiaTbCfl ofipasi^OMi 4^HJI0C0(|)CSarO 
CTHjra; mu 3aTpyAHHJiHCb 6h easBaTb jtpyroro pyccBaro nncaTejia, 
KOTopufi Taxi nncajix 6u no pyccBH j^ejoco^in. IIoxBajia 
Fepi^ena, BOxopufi caM'B 61121 o^HnMi m'h BeJtH^afiniBX'B MacTe- 
poBi pyccBaro cjiosa^ coxpaHfleTi ceoio nojinyfo CHJiy no otho* 
meniio r'b EtaBJioBy ji,o Haninxi ^^neS. 

XapaRTepHCTHRa IlaBjiOBa ocnoBana y naci na nsjioseHiH, 
naBHUMx o6pa30M'B, ero „$h3hrh" (leopexHHecRHX'B rjiaBx), 
KOTopoMy npej^nocHJiaiOTCH CTaxBH ^Ofiniiffl qepiesx nayR^" 
(hsi ^OTeqecTBeHeHxi. BanacoRi" sa 1839 r., t. YI, ot;i'6ji'l II, 
BayRH, cxp. 97 — 101)h ^Ocnocofiaxi HacjEiAOBania npapojiH" *) 
(Hs-B^MneMOBHHH", RH. IV, cxp. 1 — 34); 8XH cxaxBH upexcxaB- 
Jflfoxi o6DQ,ie BsrjiHAU IlaBJiOBa. Kx hbhi a npBCoe^^enifj'B en^e 
ofiospinie xeopexn^ecRoB cxaxBn hbx ^Axenea" sa 1828 r. 
9. n, JHs 5. HayRB, cxp. 3 ') — 11 „Pa3JiHqie ues&jij nsainiHUMH 
HCKyccxBaMH n nayRaMEi". 

y^eeia IlaBJEOBa hbrxo ne nsjiara^x. RpaxRoe nsjiosenie 
nuxajrca j^axB AnHeHROBi Bxfiiorpa^^in CxanReBnqa, nacxp. 36. 
Bthmx RpaxRBMX HSJOseHi'eM'B saxox'j^ji'B BOcnoJBSoBaxBca He- 
mdrhHCKiA vh CBoefi RHari o KaxROBi. Ho, oqeBH;^HO, HeCy^y- 
HH oco6eHHO snaROMi cb Hj^i^mco^iQio Boo6DQ,e, n ci CBCxeifoio 
mejumnra b'b ^acxnocxH, h sejiaa 6b[xb RpaxRaiiii, ohi en;e 
6oji'be coRpaxBJori CJiosa AnHenROBa, — n nojy^ejiacB cji'6AyH)niafl 
napojiifl HJiH RappHRaxypa na y^enie mejiJiHsroBi^a IlaBJOBa '): 

^) MuAWKoe^, FjiaBHBiH TeneBia pyccKoM HCTopHiecKOH HUCJin, t. H3A- IK 
CTp. 313, npHH. HenpaBHjibBO npflnncBiBaeTi dij CTdTbio kh. OdoeecnoMy. 

*) Bi orjiaBJieBiH onenaTRn: 1, aaAO 3. 

^) HeTOHHO nepeAaeTCH coAepacanie ««1>h3HKh>> IlaBJiOBa y n. MnjiEOROBa, 
pjiaBHua TeHCHia etc., cip. 314—315. 



— 126 — 

„CyiAHOCTi> MipoB033ptHifi IlaBJioBa, RaK'b MOHi'HO cy;(HTb no 
^OcHOBaHiTo $H3HKB^, saRJiioMajiacB Bi* KocMoroHHqecKoB TeopiH, 
BUxeEaioiAeS b8i> ({)Qj[oco(I)CKaro nojiOTKenifl o cxoACiBb ujk toe- 
/lecTBi CeBrpaHH^Hofi cboCo^fj Cb xaocoMx. OiBjeqennoe noHaiie 

n306pa7KeHO, BaSl HaCIOflUUfi HCTOqHHB'B Uipa, CHJlJOrHBMX H 

nocu.iBH ero o6pa3yiOTCfl es'b c^.h h crexifi npnpoAH, seii^e- 
CTBO o6T.;icn)iCTCii, KaKi BsaBJMHOA'i^ficTBie CBliTa b xaxecTH h 

To<iBO xaKi jRe upoBSBOJibHO yTBep;KAeHie KojioaaBoaa, 
GyjiTo 6u IlaBJEOBi „3a TO^iRy oinpaBJieniji CBoeQ ^hjoco^^Ih 
npuHUMaAi cucmeMy Kanma^.,.. ^). 

Bx saBJiiOHeBie ne c?BTaeMi> jinmEuwh yBasaTb (ecJiB saniia 
yate pinb o napojiiax'b), hto Manepy IlaBJiOBa ex saMisaTeji.- 

HblMX IlCKyCCTBOM'L nepCHflJI'L n qpeSBElMafiHO JIOBBO n MtTfiO 

jiepeApa3HH.ix JteGedeei, Eacropi HnKB4)opoBBTs JlefieAeBi 
{1812—1876), cTyiieHTi. MocKOBCKaro yHHBepcBTeia, 6uji'b noxosii 
npenoAaBaiejieMx bt> AjieKcaHiipoBCKOM'b iiHCTUTyTi, Han. otji. 
Bx MHHHCTepcT. K)CTHi^., o6epx-npoKyp., H ywepx bx caH* 
ceaaTopa; nacajix caei^. lopHAHHCCKia craTbii. By^iyqw eme 
<;TyAeeTOMx, ohx BunyciBJix iAKyw) Cpouiiopy: „IIo;tapoKb 
yqeHUMX Ha 1834 roA«. t^apth Fopoxrh^ Kor^a D;apcTBO- 
Bajx rocywpb E(apb Fopoxx, rj^'b ohx D;apcTBOBajix, h KaBi 
ii,apb Topoxx nepemejix, bx npeAaniaxx Hapo;iOBX, aq oxAa^iea- 
aaro noxoMCTBa". MocKBa. Bx yHRBepcBTeTCKofi THnorpa^in. 
1834, cxp. 35. Tenepb aia fipomiopa Cojibniaa 0H6jiiorpa4)BHe- 
<;Bafl p'bABOCTb. Otpubkb ea BOcnpoBBBe^enu duJB bx ^BsCjiiorpa- 
(|)HiecKHXx SanncKaxx" sa 1858 r., CTp. 17 — 22 h 187 (ntcKOibKO 
OTpuBKOBx). BxnoJiHOMX BHA* OHa nepeneHaxaea BX ^PyccKofiCia- 
pHH*" 3a 1878 r., x. XXII, crp. 347 - 368 ^). 9riHrpa4)x h3x Iloro- 
;^HHa: „Ergo, Moxafl ceOt na ycx. Cxp. 364". II,eH3ypHoe paspt- 



*) HeBtfltHCKiii, cip. 7. 
^) Biorp. KomejieBa, 1; I. 475. 

®) A He 33 1876 r„ KaKX omnooiHo yKaabiBaeii «3hu (iJiOB.«» Upoxiaysa, 
33, crp. 416. 



127 



meHie ^^ano 6hjio 22 AesaOpfl 1833 r. j^efldopoMi, iipo(|»eccopoM'E 
HsaBOMi GneiupeeuMZy ROTopuS h caifB 6lijii se npo^b Bumy-^ 
THTb CBOHX'B KOJiJievh. Epomiopa BOHHaeiCfl cjEOBann Fopai^ifl: 
credite posted. 

Bx CBoefi caTep'6 Jle6eji,eB'h (npomyTHBinifi yneHyH) xapbepy 
B 6jiaroBo;ieHie npo^^eccopoBx) 3J0 sacM'iflJiCfl Ha^i ^(ecflTBH) 
caMUMH nonyjiflpHEiMM jiHi](aMfl m'h TorAamHHxi npo4)eccopoB'B 
n HypHajsHCTOBi. KpafiHOCxH TeopeTHqecRaro yBJieneHifl o;(hbxi, 
HCKvccTBeHHEifl H qyjRjiufl jtyxy pyccKaro ^isusa BupaseHia 
jipyrHxi, nejiaHTHCMx h Ban£iiii;eHBoe peTopnqecKoe RpacHopi^Hie 
TpeTBBxx, Bce 8T0 He ymjio oTi nacM'&mjiHBofi Ha6jiH);(aTejibH0CTH 
aBTopa. Cii saii'j&^aTejibBOK) nepeHM^HBOCTbH) ohx ycBonj'L Ma* 
flepy Raffi;^a^o h HSJiaraeT'L pi^u, ncKycHO nepenjexafl ho^^jihh- 
HUfl cjiOBa BHCM'i^iiBaeMaro (saiiMCTBOBaHHijfl h3i ero coHEiHeHifi 
fljn jieRi^ifi) CO cbohmh co6cTBeHH£iMH HHiepaojifli^ijiMH. II306- 
paaceHEi (4)aMi!J!iiB cRpuTu noAi> 6yBBaMH rpeqecRaro aj^aBHia): 
j4,—M. T. EaHeHoecKiHlr^ B. — S. JS. Hadeoicdum^ P. — H, H. 
Jiaeudoez, A, — H, A, IIoAeeoil, E. — M. F. IlaeAoeZy Z. — 0. M, 
CeuKoecKiil. H. — M. 27. Iloiodum, O. — 6. B. EyAtapum^ I. — 
Eh. n, A. BnaeMCKiH^ K. — yiuanoez. 

OsHaqeEHKia jiHE(a fiy^To 6u iiponsHOcaTx pi^H Ha „Hpe3- 
BUHdftHOM'L 3ac'6j^aHiH (|>iij[OCo4)OB%, HCTopHROBi, HL ^ecmemuHOdh^ . 

llaBJIOB'B rOBOpHTl HflTUMl. 

E ^). MnjiocTHBue rocy;tapH! h3t> bc4xx HayRX, nayRa 
npapo^iii AOJJSsna 3aHHMaTB nepsoe m^cto. ^ejoB^Ri^ ecxb npH- 
po;[a, H Hao6opoTx. Cx chxi acwbUminxii h npocTifimnx'L Ha?a;ii^ 
a. npucTynaio rx ;iajBH'BiSnieMy H3J[o;ReHiH). 

IIpHpoAa ecTb coe^cHHenie ^Byxx npoTHBynojioxHKix'b chji'b: 
cacBMaiejibHofi h pacmnpHieJibHofi, eciecTBeHHO npe^^nojiaraK)- 
lUHX'L no saRony TpoficTBeHHOCTB, TpexbH) CBJiy, orpaHHqHBaK)Q^yH) 
H ypaBHHBaK)nj,yH) ab4 nepBHa. Cia CHCTena coBepmeHHO coot- 



') Cip. 361-362, 



— 128 — 

B'LTCTByeT'B BC^MrE BiiBO^^aifB, Bcbm flBjefliflMi, BC^icb npaqti' 
naifx flBJuefliS, cosepineHHO onpaBAUBaeT'B Bceodn^ee nspe^eHie: 
Hayna npocma ez ceouocz uanaAaxh. 

Tpa nfinneynoHflHYTUfl cejiu AificTByTejiBHu h b'b $Qjroco- 
^m M. bx HoesiEr. 

jI,ocejii rocnoACTByeii coBepmeHHoe pa3Hopo;^CTBO bo Bctxi 
o6jacTflxi> yjua; Be3A'6 ATOMucTn^ecRafl h ^HHaHH^ecsafl cncTeMEi 
c^HBaEOTx H)HHfl noBHaHifl, RaRi> 6acHii c6BJia ^HJioco^a. 

Hame j^I^jlo roBopHxi o i^api Fopoxi; ropoxx ecib pacie- 
Hie — npe;^MeTL ecrecTBeHHuxi nayKi onHcaiejibHHxx; ropoxs 
nymeHHBift hsx pyatta ecxb CHja — npejiMexi MexanHKH.... Ilojro- 
atHMx, HTO ropoxx, n^in II,apb Fopoxx, eciL aBJienie — h 3;iicb 
He MOfl o6j[acTB, h ba'^cl h'Itx npeAMexa $b3hre. F^^'i^aLe mu eafi- 
;^eM^ ero? — Ho exo He HMiexx oxHonieHia ex nacxoan^HMx fl3- 
CJI'fe;^OBaHieMx. Moa mhcjil ecxE cjii^yioDnaa: IJ^apb Fopoxx ecib 
OHHCRa a BaMimenie (substitutio) ;i;pyroro (|)aRxa. H boxx KaKH- 
MH nyxaMH, B'IpHbifi xpeMx CHJiaMx, ;^oxosy a ;(Ocero HsxacHe* 
Hia. 

AxoMHCXHRH ope^iHOJiaraioxx bck) BcejieHHyio bx bha^ ma- 
puROBx: eoBepmeHHO joxho! Cin uiapnRH ecxb lopoxh bx 061- 
eRXHBHOCXH HJiH BX ocymecxBJieHiH. H xaRx i^apb Fopoxx ecTs 
noHaxie AxoMHCxoHecRoe. Hbjojkhmx no Haraefi cacxeM-fe. 

UpejinojioatHMx, ;^o^ycx0Mx nycxoxy: boxx ;^eMapKa^ioHHaa 
JOTBHia ^HHaMBHecRofi CHCxeMu. CBja paemHpHxeJbBaa A'i^Scxey- 
exx — nycxoxa pacniHpaexca, CHja cwtHMaxejbBaa ^ificxByexx— 
nycxoxa catHMaexca, hbx cpe;^ocxpeMJIeHia h cpe^^oCimaHia chxx 
CHJix o6pa3yexca xpexba, orpaHHMBaioiAaa h xy h jipyryio; h xaKx 
npoH3ofiA6xx: nyexoxa pacmapaacb if cxHMaacb npodoAOtcaemcH. 
Tenepb He xpy;iH0 npn-ioanxb ceft cnoco6x rx ropoxy: ohx wkh- 
Maexca h pasniHpaexca, x. e. npojiojiacaexca, h ecxecxBenno, hto 
xo^J^a h3x ropoxa npoH30fi;iexx hjih 6o6x hjh cxpyneRx, cjvbjLO- 
BaxejBHo: AxoMHCXH^ecRift n;apb — Fopoxx, no jI,HHaMHqecKo8 ce- 



129 



CTCMi coBepmeHHO ne 603M0seH'B h j^ojiaceei npeoCpasoBaiBca 
Bi D[apB-Bo6x, HJH I^apB-CTpyHeKx. 

TaKX npocTH coBepraeHHua eankjia, laKx jrerKH acHnano- 
jfoxeeia HayRe! 



^peat;^e niMt Hsjaraib cojiepatanie nayKH ^hbhkh, Ha;^o6Ho 
aHacHHTB ce6i BonpocBi o cnocoCaxx HSCJiifejiOBaHia, o cooTHomeniH 
HayKx Meatay co6ok), o pasjinqiH, HaBOHei^i», HayKi oti j^pyrnx'B 
liaTeJBHOCTeS qejoeiqecKaro ^yxa, KaKX nanp., otx ncKyccTBx ^). 
Ha 3T0TX nociiAHifi sonpocB OTBiHaeTx cxaxBa HaBjiOBa: 



'"-^^^V^ ^^ ^V 



PaajiH^e Me»c?i;y h3hii];hmmh HCKyccTsaMH h 

HayKaMH. 

Usaii^Hua HCRyccTBa h HayRH C0CTaBJiaH)T'B ;(Ba pasJin^HHe 
poiia npoHSBeAeHifl nejiOBiqecKaro yMa. 9to pasjade CTHTaeTca 
aaB-^CTHEiMii, HO H Ra^^eTca neonpeA'i^jeHHBiM'B. He ^^obojbho 
3HaTf., HTO HayKH He cyxB ncRyccxBa, h Hao6opoTx: nyatHO eme 
HaSTH ocHOBanie axoro paB^rn^iia. 

Kblmji&h HayRa no CBoeMy cociaBy ecTB CHCTCMa nonaTift o 
RasoMx-jiH^o npe^Mer'^. Jl^ja BOSMomHOCTH BcaRofi nayRH neod- 
xomuu TpH ycJOBia: 

1) IIpejiMeTi, HJH noHHMaeMoe (objectum), 

2) PasyMiflie, hjh noHHMaioniee (subjectum), 

3) Co;^epataHie, hjih noHaiia (conceptus) *). 



^) Cp. Bl MOeMB COIBHCHiH «0 DOHHTiH HCKyCCTBa», riiaBj II. 

^ *) Cip. 4. 

9 



— 130 — 

HMeneMi npedMema osHanaeTca see ;^'feficTBHTeJIBHoe (reale), 
noAJiemamee Haraeiiy H3CJI4;^0BaHiH), ublk'b 4)H3HHecKoe, TaKi h yn- 
cTseHHoe, Bce, ht5 ^ificTBHTejiBHO ecTB, H HTO MoateTX 6htb nOHH - 
MaeMO (T'6j[a, ABJEeHifl (|)H8. h HpaBCTBeHHHfl, npoHSBe^^enifl HCKyccTBX^ 
caHoe pasyM^Hie, Easx npe^HMexi n3CJi'£;^0BaHifl). 

FaayMfbHieMz HasuBaexcfl cnocodeocTB nosnaBaTB; cnHOHnMu 
ero: MHCJramifi ;^yxx, yMx, pasyMx. 

^ejOBiEi, cie oannerBopeHHoe pasyMinie, crpeMHTca kx no3- 
HaHiH) npe;i;MeTOBx; saM^^aa bx npe;tMeTax'B cymecTBeHHsa npn- 
Ha;^jiemHOCTH, o^peJ^•6JIaH)I^ia hxx ocoChoctb (individualitas)5BWB, 
po^^'B, OHX ocxaBJiaeT'B b'b sadBeHin nacTHBia H3o6pa»(eHia npe^^MexoBi 
H y;i;epmHBaeTi bi yni tojibko o6mee, OTBJieHeHHoe otx KajKAaro 
pa;ia no^^ofiHux'B npeAMexoBi; axo oSmee ecxB nounmie; sa nona- 
xiaMH cj'feAyioTi mhcjih (cogitata). IIpeAMexH ne npuBHOcaxca bi 
pasyM'iHie j^'lilcxBiixejiBHO, ho Hsofipamaioxca nonaxiaMn oxBjre* 
HeHHo; npe^MexH H3M'6HaH)xca, Hcnesaiox'B, h Bospaat^iaioTca, — 
Hxx H3o6paaLeHia, noHaxia — fleBSM^HHU. 

IIosHaBaa npe;^MexH, HOJiOB'ikK'B o6pa3yex'B HOBHiS Mipx, r^'i^ 
npe^MexH opeBpa^aioxca bx mucjh, noHhMaeMoe ^^'i^Jiaexca noHfl- 
TieM'B, flfkHcTBjnejihEoe aBJiaexca yMCXBeHHErMx. Sxoxx Mipx no- 
HaxiS, oxpajKeHie npeAMexoBX bi yM^, ecxB ofiJiacxB HayRi^). 
HayKH cyxB yMCXBeHHHa RapxHHH npe^MexoB'B namero nosnaHia. 
TaRii acxpoHOMia B'B OBOH^axejBHOM'B bh^'^^ cocxaBJiaJia 6h b'I^pheiS 
yMCXBeenufi chhcobx Hefiecnaro MexaHHsma, wh Koeifx ji,Bvi7Bieme 
HipoB'B 6uA0 6u npe^cxaBJieHO bx noHaxiax'B xasx xo^ho, Basx oho 
ecxB Bx A'i^ficxBHxejBHOCXH. FeoFHOsia A^tBajia 6h KapxHHy Maxe- 
pnRa, HJiH caMHfi MaxepnRx, H3o6pameHHLiiB bx noHaxiaxx xaRx, 
BaEx OH-B ecxB Bx ffiltcxBHxejiBHOCXH. PasyMieie, RaRx oco6oe 
CBixie, RaRx npejiMext nosHania, npn HSCJcfejiOBaHiH xoMte npeBpa- 
ni^aexca bx nonaxia. JIornRa, Ranx eayRa o pasyM'^ma, ^^OBe^eH- 
Haa ;^o Bucmefi cxeneHH coBepmencxBa, ee ;^pyroe 6u hxo 6HJia, 

') Cip. 5. 



— 131 — 

lESHi caMoe pasyH^Hie, B'ipHo H8o6paseBHoe bi noHarux'B ^). 
Bci aayKH Seat Hcxjiio^eHifl cyib He ;tpyroe ^to, RaE'B cnBCBH 
06011X1 npe;i[MeTOB']&, cocTaBjifleHue hs'B noHJiTifi h Mucjiefi. 

Depefi/ieMi bx Hsaii^HUM'B HCByccTBaMi. BcjiBoe npoHBae^e- 
Hie HCsyccTBi (oco6eHHO, oCpasoBaTeJibHHX'B) BupaxaeTi co(5oio 
Kasoe-j[H6o noHfliie hjh mhcjil (no;^^ Mucjiio paayifj^excfl h no- 
HflTie, a ?acTo h Hao6opoT'B). KapxHHa hah cTatba sanaMaeTik 
SHaTOsa He Ben];ecTBOHx, hb'b soero cocTaBJiena, ho MucAm^ bo-- 
Topaji xaeri ce6fl BnaTB nocpe;^CTBOMi Bem,ecTBa hje onpe^tjieH- 
earo oCpasa: OTBepj^B'B bx MpaMop'6 cxaTyn hjh bi spacBax'B 
Eap'FHHii, MucjB HOjryqHJia ocoCoe (individualis) cyniecTBOBaHie, 
KaKi caMocTOflTejLHHft npe;^MerB. To ae h bx ^pyrnxx HCKyccT- 
eaxi. H opaTopiH Fa&AHa, h Mj[ia;^a FoMepa h t. n. cyxb hhcjth, 
OTnaBmiji oti cBoero TBopi^a, 0T;^'6i[HBiniflCfl otx yva, CBoero Ha- 
Hajia, H nocpoACTBOMX SByBOBX hjih cjiOBa oCpam^eHHUfl bx npex-* 
MeTH, — cyTt MHCJH, npHHaBinifl oco6oe cyn^ecTBOBanie ^). 

EcJEH BasKAoe npoesBe^^eHie HCBycciBx H3o6paa:aerL co6oi^ 
HucjB, TO npoHSBe^tenifl, B3flTEjfl BM^CT^^ no;tBe;teHHHfl yMCTBeHHO 
nojtx o;^Hy TO«y sptHia, cocTaBaxx ocoSufi Mipx nonaTifi hhhc* 
jeS, o5pan^eHH£ix'B bx npejiMeTii. Btotx ifipx OTJEH^enx oti nfb- 
;iofi BcejieHHofi, npHHaA^esaH^eS bx o^hoS aaox'i^ TBopenifl. 9to — 
HOBaa npnpo^ia, noB^^Hifimee cosAaHie; en 3H3K;?HTejiB — ^qeJEOBinx, 
OTpaaieHie SHSAHieu BceJienHofi, B'l^HeicE n Bpaca npnpoxH TBop- 
'lecKoa. 

BapoHeMx, MHCJiH seiEOB'j^Ba ne ocyn^ecTBJifliOTCfl no oxHOMy 
ero MaHOBeHisD; Basi ;Be oui o6pan^aH)TCfl bi npe;(MeTn? 

Mu yAHBJTHeMCfl nejOB'^By, Bor^a HiicjieHHO cj^^yeux 3a 
BflrMx Ha nonpHu^e ero yMCTBeHHoS ;i[iflTejiBHOCTH: sanHMaa xoiEBBO 

X)j(Hy XOHBy BX HeHBM^pHMOM'B I^apCXB^ XBOpenifl, OHX noBHaH)* 

Q^HMx icyxoMx o6'BeMJiex'B dxy HeHdM'i&pHMOctB. YcH'i&xaMH Hejo- 



^) Cip. 8. 
») Cip. 9. 



— 132 — 

B']&sa BiMip'6 j^HSHqecBOMi HsyiiJieHa, baslbtcs^ canafl npapojia. 
Easi Moryni;ecTBeHi qejioBtsi ex arofi to^bh sp'j^eifl, h naicB 
Cjia6x OHX Bx OTHomeHiB ki caMHML npoHSBO^^fln^sMi CHjraMx h 
BemecTBy! Ceft noeejaTejiB CTHxift ne bx cocToaniif npoHSBecxE 
BHOBB HH o^^Horo axoHa BeiuecTBa, hh oahoS chju. ^ja ocyn^e- 
CTBJieHifl CBOBXx HOHflTifi H MHCJiefi, ^[Jifl npeBpan^eHiH hxx bx 
npe;iMeTH H C08;(aHifl CBoefi npHpo;^H — hsaiiihhxx ncByccTBx, ohx 
]i,OJisBieET> BaniiCTBOBaTB HyjBHue d^LeMeHTn hsx npHpoj^H Tsop^ec- 

UliJih HCKyccTBX ;^0CTH^aeTCfl t^mx jiyqine, q^Mx npHjiH^nie 
Bii6opi cpe;i;cTBx, ^iwh ecxecTBeHHie ci> noMomiio hxx ofinapy - 
;BHBaeTCfl mucjil TBopi];a-xy;[OSHHBa. Bx CHjy dTOfi Heo6xo;iH- 
HOCTH BH6opa npHJinqHuxx cpe;^CTBX n nasBajH, BasKeiCfl, hc- 
KyccTBO — noApa»aHieMx npnpo^i. Xy^oatHHEx ;tificTBHTeJiBHO noi- 
pasaexx nj^npo^i (ne bx H3o6piTeHiH n^teajOBx, a) bx ynoTpe6' 
jiefiiH cpeACTBx, hsx nea saHMCTByeHHXx, jiJia npeBpan^eHifl huc- 
Jiefi Bx Qpe^^MexH, ji^Jisi ocyn^eciBjeHifl nxx. 

OcHOBanie Hsamnnxx HCKyccxBx — mhcjib; nijLh — oCpameaie 
MHCJiH BX ^pe;^MeTx•, r-iaBHua cpe;iCTBa — seyKH, otfpasH h cjiobo. 
Bx oTHomemH kx ocHOBaHiio h is/bnis — ncKycciBa cocxaBjaioTx ojino 
(po;^x); no oTHonreHiio kx cpeACTBamx — xpn BH;^a, KaKCti xpa 
i^apcTBa npnpo^H: My3HBy, HCsycTBa oGpasoBaxejiBHUfl, cJOBec- 
HOCTB. IIpHpoi^a, cosHAaenaa nejiOB'^soMx bx dxuxx xpexx Bn;(axx^ 
noAo6HO npHpoA^ TBopqecBOfi, j^'^jaexca bx cbok) oqepe^B xaRjse 
npe;KMexoMX HSCJiij^OBaHia, xaRX iiipx ;(']^ficxBHxejiBHBi9. Checkh 
axofi npHpoAH cyxB CJiOBecHua nayBn b xeopia Bsan^HBixx nc- 
ByccTBx BOo6ii](e. 3xh BayBB nacxo^BBO me oxjib^hbi oxx caMBixx 
HCEyccxBX, HacBOJBBO npoHifl HayBH b bxx iipe;tMex£i pa3- 

HxaBx pasHBi^a MeaB;^y HaysaifB vlesshheu^e BCByccTBaMR 
saKjrioHaexca bx cji^^yiomeMx. Bx HayKaxx npe^MexH o6pan^a- 



^) Cip. 10. 
*) Cip. 11. 



— 133 — 

lOTCfl Bi MBicJiH, 61 HCKyccTBaxi — MucjB jiijiSi,JOTCsi npeAMeiaMH* 
Bi HayRax'B ^'^fiCTBHTejiBHoe A'iJEaeTca H^^eajiBHUMx (HS'BeMJuiCB 
flsx npocTpancTBa HBpeMeHH); HCKyccxBa — HAeajLHoe BBOAflTi b'b 
cpe^Y ^t'i^ficTBETejBHaro. Yju'l npoESBOXHTi HaysH hsi npe^MeTOBi, 
a HCsyccTBa npejiiMerii iioposAaH>Ti hs'b ce6s. Tani BceifHoropasjE- 
^ie cocpe;tOTO?HBaeTCfl b% yM'6, 8A'6cb yiix o^pan^aercji bi MHoropas- 
jEH^ie. TaMi npe^MeTii oxpasaioTCfl bi yM']^, ba'I^cb ywb oTpaxaeTCH 
BB npeAMexaxi. Bi eayRaxi npnpo^^a A'i^flCTBHTejBHafl npe^CTa- 
sjflercfl MucjieHHOH). Bi> scRyccTBax'B — mucjih ABJUinTCfl npHpoAOio* 

Bhachhb'b paaiHHie Haysi on ncsyccTBi, mbi HOseifB 
nepeflTH sx Bonpocy o BsanMHOMi OTHomeHiH Haysi ^pyn ki 
^Pyry; aTOxx Bonpoci p'feinaeTCfl kb cxaTB'i^: 

06ii];lft HepTe«T> Hayrn*. 

PacnpeA'^JHTB HayBH na cboh nopajpcH ecxB noxpe^HOCXB, 
KOTopoS nuxajncB yj^OBjexBopEXB MHorifl ^'j^jienifl nayKi — c% 
ApHcxoxejfl AO Hamero BpeneHE (x^JieHie no ^aByjiBxexaMx). 
Ho HE OAHa E3i axEXi KjaccE^BBai^ft He yAOBjexBopsxejEBHa; 
dTo npoECxeBaexi, Bnpo^eni, ne oxb xpy;(HOCxn sa^^aHE, a oxi 
Hey;^a^Haro BBi6opa nanajia piiiaeHifl. 

HayBH pasjiEHHBi; cj'i&^tOBaxejiBHo, aoji^kho 6b[xb ocHOBaHie 
HXB pasjiHHifl. 9x0 oCHOBanie aoj^iho 6uxb h nanajiOMi ^'l^jeHifl 
HayBi. npea^e Bcero, SHanHX'B, HaAofino onpefliJinxB, ht5 CJiy- 
SHT'B ocHOBaHieMi pasjiEHifl Haysi ^). 

BcflBaa Haysa, saB'B nosHaaie, ^ojcacHa em']&xb cboB npe;^- 
MeiB nosHanifl, x. e. ho Mo;Bex'B 6iixb ($e3x nosnaBaeMaro. IIo- 



*) Cip. 97. 



— 134 — 

3H&TB SHaqHn npexcTaBHTb bb pasyM^HiH nosHaBaeMoe — TaRo^,. 
xast OHO ecTBy un RaK'B Raseicfl, n Baxi 6HTB Morjio. 

npexcTa&ieHie ecTb cdhcobx bjih 03o6paseHie npejcHera. 
Hayxa, BaKx nosHaBiie CBoero npoAMexa, ecxB cuhcobx ero. Pas- 
Jifl^ie cnECKOBX bosmo^ho JiRmh npH pa3J[H^ie noj^JHHHHBOB'L 
H cpe^CTBi cnscHBaiB HJH nosHaBaiB. Pasjinnie eayBi bosmoskho 
jiHinB npH pasjiH^iH npexMeTOBi a cnocoGoBi nosHaHifl; ocHOBaHie 
pasjiHHifl HayR!B ecTB pasjaqie npeAMOTOB'B a ciioco6ob% noBHaHia. 
Bonpocx „KM%pa8;^'6jHTBHayR8^ o6pan^aeTCfl bx ;(pyrofi: ^xaR'B 
pa3j('&j[flK)TCfl npoAMeTu h cnoco()H Hamero nosHamfl?^ ^). 

IlepBHfi marx bx nosHaHiH ecTB coMH'i&Hie no3naH)iii;aro 
Bx ejijuECTBi ero ex nosnaBaeMBiMx, BCJii&;i[CTBie ^ero no3HaH)iii;ee 
„fl" OT^t'l^jifleTOi OTX nosHaBaeMaro h cxaBHTX ce6fl bx npoTs- 

BOnOJIOaRHOCTB ex HHMX. ^TO BCe aTO, W6 He — „«*? H OTO Ta- 

Boe — „a" — epe^^H Bcero HsyMMiomaro Mena MHoropasjiHiia: botx 
BTopofi marx. 9thmx onpe^^iKfliOTefl ^sa 0T;^'6jBH£ie npe;(MeT£i 
Hamero nosnaHia: 1) PasyM'i&Hie hjh no3HaH>niee (subjeetum) h 
2) npBpoAa HJiH ni^HaBaenDQ (objeetam), 

^eJOB^Bx, Bonjion^eHHufl Mucjfln^ifi ;i[yxx, ne Morx ne 
yeyMHETBefl ex caMaro nanajca, ^to BHAHMafl hmx npHpo;^a ecTB 
OHx eanx, h eoMB'^nifl ero ne mofjih 6bitb npoAOJixHTejrBHBr. 
Padjnqie TaBx pasHTOJiBHo! OTji^iJieuBuH enjOK) MHeiH otx 
Maeeu npejiiMexoBX, ohx ho mofx noTepflTB hxx hbx BHiy: na- 
npoTHBx, 6iiTie hxx eiajo ^usi nero en^e on^yTHTOJiBH'i&e, q'bMX 
npejRAe. IIopaseHHHfi seJH^ieMx Bp'i^JiHn^a, ^ejOB'i&Rx 6iijix 
yBJie^eHx npHpo;(OK>, BjiflHie Roeft TaRx chjibho ^yBCTByerca; a 
sas;i[a xaRx BejHBa, chjih pasyM^nifl cb^skh! Ho npoxojta otx 
o;tHoro npe^MOTa ex ;^py^OMy, a hecjo hxx „He CMtTH**, lejio- 
b^rx He Morx ne hobtopetb Bonpoca e o ce6'fi: ^t6 bx hcmx 
MueJETXy E RaROH) eflJEOH) ohx nocTEraeTX HeESMipEMoeTB, eaifx 
6yAy?E TOHROK). Cx TenenieMx BpeiieHH noHATiE ero o npEpo;^^^ 

') Gip. 98. 



— 135 — 

H catfOM'E ce6'& pasBaBUHCB 6oj[%e e 60^*16; Mes^y t^m'b npio- 
6piTMnch H nojosHTejBHHfl CB'kji.^Eisi, 3th noHHTifl cocTaBtur^ 
j^Ba paspfl^ta HayRi: 

1) $H8H4ecBifl, BOTopHrxi npe^tiMeTi — npHpo;i[a, 

2) IIcHXH^ecBiH, KOTopHxi npe^Mexi — cani no3HaK)ii;iS 
Ayxx, HJiE qasoB'&R'B, sasi cyu^eciBO MBicjifln^ee, o;i;apeHHoe pa- 

ypjiy^jflflCB Bi HSCJitAOBaHie npapoAu, mbi Baif^qaeMi, ?to 
Bce Bx Hett ycjOBHO, Bce ctohti bo BsanMHofi saBHCHMOcxe. H mu- 
CJifln^iS Bi ^ejOB^^Bi nyTh ^(OJaseHi OTHeeTH ce6fl bi xy jRe c^epy 
ycjOBHaro n saBHCHMaro, soTopoe He Momei^ 6utb caMony ce6t 
Ha^aJiOMx: nejOB'i&s'B n npnpo^ia npeAnojiaraiOT'L TBopi^a, BEicmee 
Ha^ajio, KOTopuM'B Bce o6ycjiOBJ[eHO h Bce noA^^epsHBaeTCjr. Ecjh 
TaK'B BejiH?ecTBeHHa npnpo^ta, n CTOJiB AHBeHi nejiOBiis/h, no nub me 
Teopec^'B h npHpo;i;u, h qejOB'bsa! pasyn^ cosHagT'B cBoe descH* 
Jiie H, nopuBaflCB ero nodHaxB^ na;(aeT'B hsi oaho3 6e3;^HU 3a6j[y* 
^nemi Bi xpjTj^j nosa He saropnTca sapfl B'i^pBr. IIpeA^ nejo- 
BiBoicB HeossH^aHHO pasBHBaeTCfl i](£j[nfi Mip'B oTpa^^H^finiHX'B 
BipoBaniS, KOTopaa, 6y;^yHH npeBeAeHBr b:b CHCTeity, ofipasywT'B 
GowcMecKin uaynu. 

HTaKi Bor-B, npapo^a, nejiOB'feK'B — botx nepBHe npe;i;MeTH 
Hamero nosnanifl; naysH dorocjOBCRia, ^Hsn^ecBia e ncHXH^ecRia 
— BOTo^ Hxi cnHCRH HJCH H3o6paseHifl. Ho Bi ^ECJi'b HayRi BOo6iae 
ecTB MHorifl, rotopbta He npHHajUJeaKaT'B he r% o^HOMy mi> nas- 
BaHHBix^ Tpexi paBpfl^OBi; cji'^AOBaxejiBHO, ecTB en^e npe;i:MeTB[ 
nosHaBifl, ROTopue bi noEMeHOBaHHHxi ne co;i:epaKaTCfl e, cji^ao- 
BaTejBHo, ji,OJiw.Eu 6uTh emfi ^cpyrie paspajUBr nayRx. KaRie sRe 

HMeHHO? 

^iflxejiBHOCTB MHCJEflniaro ;i:yxa EM'i^exx ^Ba npoxEBOHOJom- 
HUfl HanpaBJienifl: *ej[e 1) ycEJiBBaexcfl Bce nosnaBaeMoe cocpe^o- 

*) Crp. 99. 



— 136 — 

TO^HTb BX ce6'ky CBOjia npejKMeT&i nosHaHifl na noHflTin^ hjhh 
2) caMi cxpeMHTCfl ex npoflBjeHico, o6paii^aa cboh noHflxifl bx 
npe;i[MeTH, ht5 SHaMenyeTCfl Hsan^niiMH ECRyccTBaMsr ^). IIpoHSBe* 
Aenia HCKyccTBi. ofipasyiOT'B ocoSiifi Mipx nonaTifi h MHCJieS, o6pa- 
u^eHHiixx BX npej^MexBi, BOTopuS bx cboh) o?epe;tB ToaiLe ji^knB,- 
eTca npe;^MeTOMx HsyMenia, nosHagica: OTiy^a ocofitifi po^x nayKi, 
HasusaeMafi BOo6iiie CAoeecuuMU uaynaMU. 

EcTb eme npej^Meix HBy^enia, He Menie o6raHpHHfl h jih)- 
ConEiTHHfi: 8T0 Mipx noJiHTHieCKift. Hsyqenie ero o6ycjroBJiHBaeT'B 
TaB«e ocofiiifi paspajfi) Hayxx: dTo-na^fct^ nojiumunecKiB. 

Chmi saBJiio^aeTca secB pa;(i npe;i;MeTOBx nosHania, croa- 
n^flxx Ha OAHoS cxyneHH jiorH^ecBoS conoA^HHeHHOCTH. 

Cnpocaxx: v]i,^ mi> npe^MeTu mh ^hjoco^Ih n MaieMaTHBB? 

EpoM']^ HSCHHCJieHHiixi^ H'l&T'B ^^pypexx npe^MeTOBX nosna- 
nia. Ho oahh h t*]^ a^e npe;[MeTEi MoryTi 6iiTb no3HaBaeMU 
pasJiB^HO. Bcfexx cnocofioB-B nosHania Tpa: OTRpoBenie (revelatio), 
OHHTHOCTB (experieiitia) h yMOsptHie (speculatio). OiKpoBeHie 
rocno;iCTByeTX bx nayKaxi Cofocjobckexx; ohhthoctb bx ^cth- 
pexx ocTajBHHxx paspa^taxx; yMosp^Hie b-b 4>HJioco$iH, Ey;^a 
OTHOCHTca H MaxeMaTEBa. OSxacHEMca. 

Mh nosHaSMx npe^MeTH ABoasHMx o6pa30M'B: hjih 1) bi 
;^']^ficTBHTej[£>HOCTE, HjiE 2) BX BOSMOsiHOCTH. IIodHaBaa npeAMeiH 
BX ;i'6ficTBHTejiBH0CTH, MH npe;iCTaBJiaeMX exx xaBX, Basx ohh 
aBJiaioTca bx npocxpaHCTB* h BpeMeHa; axo — o6jiacxB nayBX uo- 
jioa&HxejBHHXx. IIoBHaBaa npe;(MeTEi ex BOSMomHOCxe, mbi ycH- 
JiHBaeMca nocxnrHyxB, saRx ohh mofjih aBHxtca bx npocxpancxBi 

H BpeMeHH HlieHHO BX XOMX BHA*)^, SaBX A'^fiCXBHXeJlBHO aBJia- 

K)xca: axa oCjiacxb $HJoco4)iH, nayKH yMOspHxeJiBHofl. JI|a, yMO- 
spHxejiBHaa naysa — OAHa, $ejioco4)ia. IIocxHaeHie ;i'feflcxBHxejiB- 



^) 06i H3flmHuxi HCKyccTBaxi CM. Bume, CTp. 434. flaBJiOBi sfltcb flo- 
cjOBHO noBTopaeTi (cip. 99--400) cKasaHHoe bi nepBoi CTaibt Ha cip. 8—9. 



— 137 — 

flaro Bx B03M03CH0CTH no^tpas^tJifleTCfl: oaho eu^qt^ npeAHeTOMir 
Banaio asjieHia, H;^eH), ;^py^oe — (J)opMy. HayKa HAefl— H;i;eoJoria, 
BayEa $opH% — MaTeMaxHRa; xa n Apyraa cocxaBJiflioTi OAHOi^'ik- 
joe— $Hjioco(|)iK), HayKy HHCxo-yMospHxejifcHyK). Hpe^^Mexi $ejio- 
€0(|)iH — Bci npe^Mexu Hamero nosHanifl, flsjflion^iecfl bi npo- 

€TpaHCTB'& H SpeMeHH; HO OHH paSCMaxpHBaiOXCa 61 Hefi CO CXOpOBEE 

BosMoa^HOCXH. Bi> ujieojioria npe;[CxaBJiflexcfl Hanaro hxi nBJie- 
Hifl, H;iefl; bz MaxenaxHK'b ({)opMH hxi flBjenia bi npocxpaHCTB'6 
e BpeMeH0, M'6pa h micjio. Hxas'L BC'k Haysn no pa&iniiH) 
npe^tMexoB'b n cnocofioBi nosHaHia pas^'i^jraioxcfl na mecxB pas* 
paAOB'F: 

I) Haysu ^orocJOBCBia. 



2) 


3> 


^ESHHeCBifl. 


3) 


Jt 


ncEXHHecsifl. 


4) 


Jt 


CJOBeCHEIfl. 


5) 


J) 


noJHXHHecKia. 


6) 


J) 


({)BJI0C0$CBifl. 



Eas^^ufi paspa^'L im^T% cboh no^^pas^d^jieHiji, H0M£inpe;^« 
nojioa£Hj[H oi?paHHqHXBca qepxemem o6ii^hmi ^). 



BaacHHBi BsaHMOoxHonieHie nayKi (no HasJiOBy), nepeft- 
Km% Kt xapaKxepncTHKi c^e^iaJIBHHX•B nayKx — ecxecxBOBnania. 
^Jis Bxofi JsfkJiE nocjiyaKHX'B naMi cxaxLa „0 cnoco6axt hscji']^- 
jlosaHia npBpo;in^, noM'^n^eHeaa bi ^MHeMosHH']^*, eb. 4, cxp. 
1 — 34', H nowHcaHHaa j^Byna rpeqecKHMH tt. n. 



Cip. 101. 



138 



O cnocoOaxii HSCJii^moBaHlK npnpomiii. 

4 

To, ht5 HasHBaeica npHpo^OK) ^), ecTt jih6o 1) nosHa- 
BaeMoe tojibro (ncBJiioMETejiBHO npupoda), Jiu6o 2) nosHaeaeMoe 
H nosHaion^ee Bwbcii {paayMtmie^ intelligentia); Bxopoe otho- 
cHTCfl El nosHaion^eMy b'b qejioB'&s']^ ^7^7* ^ejioB'^Ri se, ci 
caMaro na^aia cBoero noABJieHm cpe;(H npspoAH nopaxeHnnfi 
ea BejHHieifB h bm']&ct']& HsyMJieHHEffi caMHMi co6oh), hcbojilho 
^[OJiateHX cnpocHTB ce6a: 'ito Bce aTO, qib bh* Mena? (cp. crp. 
134) H qTO TaRoe a caHi Ha ceM'B BejHEOM'B sp'i^JiHin.t? Ocxa- 
HOBHMca Ha nepBOHi Bonpoci. 

IIocTHraeMiie npe;t'6jiH BcejEennna mojkho jivl hphhatb sa 
A'i^flCTBHTejBHue? Ilpnpoj^y, BaBi BM'j^CTHJiHn^e Bcero coTBopen- 
naro, jerqe BOo6pa3HTB c^epoio, BOTopofi i^esTp'B BCio^^y, a ob- 
pyjBHOCTB — HHFA'i^. npHpo;i[a, Bx cem SHaneHiH Bdaxaa, He ecTB 
npe^MeTi HSCJiAOBaHia, ho cocxaBJiaeT'B toibbo npeAMeTx 6ja- 
roroB'^flnaro yAHB^enia Bejin^lK) Tsopii^aea. 

HeH3M£pHMoe apocTpancTBO BcejenHBra neMHHyeMo npei- 
noiaraeTi h MHoropasjiHqie cyn^eciByiootaro bx ohomi ^pesBu- 
qafiHoe, BaBi vh dioMi mojbho ytf'i^AHTbca, paacMaTpeBaa 6e8- 
^HCjeHHHe ^OAn pacTenifi n acHBOTHHxi na noBepxHOCTH namef 
HjaneTH h bx rjiyfin OBeaHa. Ecjh cxapaTBCa nocTHrnyTB co- 
BOBynHOCTB BCero Bn^tHHaro h c^cJ^jraxB c^exx x'^janx, cocxas- 
jiaion^HMi npapo^y, xo ona npe;(CxaBj[aexca xpaMOMx 6e3npe- 
;^ijj[BHofi o6niHpHOCXH: bx homx 6e3^HCJieHH£ie npe^^Mexii, yxe 
npHH3Be;teHHue — producta; ci axofl cxopOHH o npHpojci^ MoasHO 
CBasaxB: osa ecmh (amplexus eoram, quae sunt), h saacexca 
Haxo^nani^eioca vh hobo'I^, BaBx h^ixo co^tepsHMOe ^). 

Ho npH 6ojAe BHHMaxejiBHOMx n rjiydoROMx npoHHRHOBe- 
hIh — B;(ajiH Baaiyn^eeca horoShum'b HaxoA^xca wh ;(BH»eHiH. 



^) Cip. 1. 
*) Cip. 4. 



— 139 — . 
npepoAa He Baa^eTca 6oAie npoosee^ceHHOK) tqjbso, ho nenpe- 

PUBHO 03M'6HflK)BD|eK)Cfl; H npHTOMl OHa OCTaeTCfl HeB3M§HH0I0: 

Bce yMnpaerB h paspymaeTCfl, ho npnpo^ta He nycTieit. Oaho 
y]tHpaeT!&, ;ipyroe po;^HTCfl. IIpapoAa hoctoahbo BSM^Hflexcs 
[npouaeoduMOcmh ea) h hoctoahho ocxaeTca T^yn> a;e, q^x no 
MaHiio BceMoryn^aro Buoua hsi HnqTOsecTsa {npeSueaeMOcmh 
npHpoAu). Cjioboh'b: b'b npspoA^ mu Haxo;u9Mx Bcer^^amHHHO 
npe6H6aeMO€TL npH nenpepEiBHofl npoHaeoAHMoerH. ?to »to 
ssa^HT'B? PascMaTpoBafl, nanp-, a&HBOiHoe t'&jio, uh Haxo;tHE:&, 
HTO OHO Ticmemz. FjiaBHMmifi npHsnaEX, cyiuecTBeHHitinee 
pasjiKHie »H8Hu ecxB npe6HBaeM0CTB Bt npoHSBOj^BTejibHOCTH, 
Tasi H npBpoAa: BenpepuBHO padpymaexea h nenpepiiBHO 303- 
HHRaex'B, npoH3BOj!iHTCfl H npe6uBaeTx — ona asHBer'b. IIpoiiBBe- 
leoie BcecoBepmeHHoft JKhshh iiepTBo 6utb ho BomeTi ^). 

TiJio name rnHBexi, noKOJiHKy Bcfe opranu, HM^a co6ct- 
BGHHyK) ansHb h ;^•SftCTBya OT;^•SaLHO, co;^'6ftCTByH)T•B o6^^ea 
SB3HH H nojKj^epsHBaiOTi i](']^j[ocri> opraHH3Ma. Tas'b i^^Jiaanpu- 
po^a JKHBexi Bt CBOHXi lacraxi, a qacTH no;^;^epfltHBaK)Tca 
XHSHiBO i^ijraro; xaRi acHeex^ nama njianexa, ocHOsa Koeft 
(partes solidae)-^8eMJia, kpobb (humores) — boah, ;tHxaHie — 
Ba8;^yx^, BOcnpoH3BOAHxejrBHiie opramj — pacxenia h aKHBOxnaa, 
opraH-B MHffljeHia — ^ejioBiKi. 

IIpH Bceui HecirfrTHOMx MHoropasjBqiH cyntecxByioniaro e 
SeaHBCJieHHOCXH ^'i^ficxBill b aBjenift, iru saM'i^qaeM'B b^ xo;ii^ 
npHpo^u nocxoaHHiiS, HenpeMinaeHiiS Hopaj^OKi b naxo^^BH'B 
BO MHOTseexBi e^BHexBO, xaiTB ^xo Hpopoia Kaacexca naM's caM6H> 
rapuoBieio. 

OxBpHXB r^aBHyio npHqany Bcixi necM^fexHiix'B j^BBafenrfi 
Bx ceft rapMOHH^ecKoB ManiHHi, o6pa30Baxi> otfn^yfo xeopiio h 
Hpn ea CBixi CjraroroBiflHOK) MHCJiiio norpyjKaxhca vh A^Jia 
BcecoTBopraaro — box'b i^^jib Hamnx'B BBCJiiAOBaHift. Ki ceny x(v 

^) Cip. 6. 



— 140 — 

8HaHiK) CTpeMHTCfl AJTh HeJIOB^Ra BO Bcbxi BiBaxx. CxpeMflCb 

\&T> CBoeMy BHCOBOMy HasHa^eHiK), Ayx'B ^ejiOB^Ka nepejieiHTi 
BC^ nponacTE, EasHMH OTA'itJifleTX ero ot'b ncEOMaro CB^xa mo- 
Tyqee Hy;^OBHme HeBisecTBa h npopBeica npesi bc4 npasff, 
'6e3;^HH h xaocx ^)! 

CxpeMJieHie cie HanpaBJiflexca ci ^lisyxi; apoxBBonojoxHEixi 
ToneEx {onumz h yMOspfbuie). U^mpojiB, HSCJii^^BiBaexcfl ;(ByMfl 
•cnoco6aMn: aHajHXHqecBBMX-eMnHpaHecsHM'B (oxx ^BJieHift boc- 
xoj^flxi KT> eaiajiaMX, h na onuxt sumjifiTCB Bce SHanie) sr chh- 
^eTnHecKHHrb'yMO3p0xej[bH£iM'& (oxi Hanaji'B si sBJieHiflM'B) . KasoS 
cnoco6i npeBOCxo;i[Hie? BojiBmaHCXBO sa cxopoH'i eMnapiB; ho 
^OwiBiDHflcxBO He ^(OBasaTejiBCXBO cnpaBe/cJiHBOCTH; co6cxBeHBoe 
paacysji^eHie h HSCJ'ikAOBaBie HHSor;ta He BpeAHTi hcxhh'I. 

Bl H8CJ[']&j!^0BaHiH OpHpOASI n03HaH)Ii;ift JiJTh CHJIHXCfl CBeCTH 

na noHflxifl to, ?t6 bi npocTpaHCTB']^ h bpomohh, CBecxn ABJie- 
fiifl na ;iMcTBifl, chjh h BaBOHu, chjihtca cnHcaxB npHpoAV- 

^^T06£I OA'i&HflTB eCXeCTBeHHUii HaySH, BTOTI CnHCOB'B apHpoABi, 
HaA06H0 HSCJl'J^AOBaTB, HM'i^eX'B JSH OHl CXOACTBO CB CBOHIAX UOH,' 
JIBHHBBOM'B ^). 

CxoACTBO noHflxific'BnosHaBaeM&iM'B npe^MeTOMi HasuBaexcfl 

ECTHHOH), 8X0 SHe OCTB H SHaHiO, n6o Bl (npOTHBHOMl) cjiy^a*!^ 

HecxoACXBa nonaxifi ci npe^MeTOMi mh npe^Mexa ne snaeMx. Yst- 

pHTBCfl me B1^ nCTHH'6 XeoplH MOmHO JIBHIB, y6^ABBDIHCB B'B 

cxoACTBt noHflxifl narnHxi ci BByxpenHHH'B xo^omi flBJEemi, 
fl3o6paseHie kohxi cctb xeopia. 

Ecmuua odua^ h dxo cxoacxbo noHaxifi cb npeAMexoMi 
Moxexi 6hxb xojbbo oaho. Hs'b i^apcxBa ecxhhbi HCSJ[K)Haexcfl 
Bce ci HeH) pasHopoAHoe; ta^ pasjiHHHBifl npeACxaBjemfl oahofo 
H xoro me, xaMX jiosb. 

EcxecxBOHHEia HayKH HMiH)xi> OAHHX npoAMexx— npapoAy; 



') Cip. 8. 
2) ^lip. 9. 



— 141 — 

H Teopifl npHpoAU js.0J7Reb. 6uTh o^Ba. Mnornxi cxojtCTBi 6uTh- 
He Moxeri. Bet eciecTBeHHiifl HayKH ^^ojshu ofipasoBaxLCJi no^i^ 
BjiflHieMX o;(uofi TeopiH. 

TasoBu JiH ecxecTBeHHiifl HayBH, o6pa6oT£iBaeM£ifl cMnu- 
punecKU? Bx stomii cnHCB'6 npHpoAU saM^THa j/h rapMOHia 
no^^jfHHHHBa? $E3BBa oCxeMjeTX BCH) npHpoAy b AOJrxHa 6£i npe;^- 
ciaBjflTb o6ii;yK) Teopiio; ho bi eefi caiiofi mei ne Haxo^^HM'K 
e^Hj^TBa Ha^ajn, a HHor^a ;^ase na oahhi npej^Mexi niitfOTCfl 
MHom TeopiH. 

EcrecTBeHHafl HCTopifl (EciecTBOonHcaHie), BaRi oj^ho i^'feioe, 
j^oiSBa 6tiJia 6u Cbitl BapTHHOio Tpexx i^apcTBi npnpoAH, b's 
npejecTH'j^fimefi cbash ^emjiY co6oh) cocTOHn];{ixi>; ho ohb OBaBQBa- 
eTCfl BapTHHOH) 6e3CBJi3H0CTB, h6o pa8;i:'6jieHie MBHepaJiOBi, pac- 
leniS H SHBOTHux'B ocHOBBiBaeTCfl Ha paBJiHqHiixi HBiajaxx. 

^HsiojoriH Bx ueji.msjAJi'b npHHa^JiejEHTi pojL ^hshbh bl 
ecTecTBOBHaniH. Ho h ^HsiojioriH, h naiojioria, h ^^^'PMaBOJioriji^ 
H Tepanifl hm'^iot'b He o^ny, a i^HoriB Teopin. Tbbobb BUBtcBa 
HecoBepmeHCTBa bi to3 nayB't, BOTopoB no6opHHBH HCTom,aK)TCB 
Bi j^oBasaxejibCTBaxi, ^to ohht-b ecTt eAHHCiBeHHoe, npo^Hifi- 
mee ocHOBanie SHaeifl. 

Ot-b qeroatB saBHCBTx xaKoe HecoBepmeHCTBO eManpHqe- 
CKHxi nay El? ^) Heyate;[H hx% npej^CTaBHiejiH ofiMaHHBawTca 
RacaxejiBno SHaqenifl onuxa? IIpHpoAa, kbbi ABjeeie ex npo* 
CTpancTBi h BpeMenn, HaxoAHXca b-b HenpepHBHofi npoasBOj^H- 
MOCTH, cocToameft BB npeBpamenifi ojiHoro h xoro ate BemecxBa 
Bi iiHoropaBJHqHHfl ^opMti. A no (coBepmeBHO HenpaBHJbHOfi) 
aTOMHCTHHecKofl xeopiH, npHpo;ta tojbko KasKexca npoHSBOAflnreK), 
conocxaBjraa naiajia, kohxx pasjuieoe co;i:epacaHie npn^HHOK) 
pa^iBdfl T'l^JiB. Bb opraHHqecBofi me npHpo;i;i ?acxo, BaRB mu 
yOis/caeHCH hsb xHMH?ecBHXB ohutobb, coRepmaexcH oSpasoBa- 

Hie X'fejIB CB XaKBMH COCXaBHUMB ^aCTflMET, KaEBXB COBCJ^MB He 
>) Cip. 42. 



— 142 — 

<)UJio BxcpeAli HXi o6pa30BaHia. TaKOBu Me^^y MHorHMH onuiii 
Ulpa^epa cb pacTeniflMH, nocaaceHHUMH bx qncx'ikameMx ctpHOH'b 
nopomB'6, npHqeMi odpasoBusajiHCL pasjvH^Hua HHeepajibHiifl 
Ben^ecTBa. 

PasBHxie $op]cii> b'l opraHnqecRoB npjufoji'b ipe3BEi^afiH0, 
Beni;ecTBO XJifl hxi o6pa30BaHifl oaho— cjibbl. Hsx cjihsei ofipa- 
syiOTCfl Ha^ajbHo u ^hakIa "lacTH. h BJitT^aTaa n.icBa, oGnosa 
njiOTHuxi MacTefi bi opraHHqecRQX7> t^jb.x'l. 

OneBH^^Ho, ^To MBoropasjiHHie ^opMi Ben^ecTBenHHxi sa- 
BBCHTi He OTi caMaro Beu^eciBa: oho o;i;ho, nenpoHHi^aeme vh 
npocipaHCTB^, B cjiymHTi> lEmb Maccoio, ochobok) flBjeniB. To, 
OTi qero saBHCBTi. oSpasoBanie toH hjih ;i[pyrofi 4>opMu, ecT]> 
H'i^To OT'b BenxecTBa OTjHHHoe h oMy npoTflBonojioasHoe. YciOBHoe 
HasBame aroMy ui^ro — udeaAhuoe. 3aK0Hx, no KOTopoMy hac- 
ajiBHoe A*ficTByeTi>, — uden BOo6me, wh xijiaxt xhbhx'b — vdeR 
a/cu3HU ^). BemecTBO npneHMaeTX Ty hjih ^pyryio 4>^PMy, CMOipa 
no TOMy, sasoro H^eaJibHaro BJiiaHiH) noABepraeTca. Bx c^MeHH 
Kas^taro pacxeHifl co^epsRHTCfl (|)opMa Bcixi nocjii^^yioo^Hn 
njeMenx ero po;(a. ho HOBen^ecTBeHHO, a HAeajibHO, bx bobmos- 
HOCTH (in potentia). Do aiofi BHyxpeHHefi MOAeJH (H^ei) Mate- 
piaJi'b HBiaHifl pacieuiH npeBpaEuaerca bi> pacTHxejibHoe x'^jlo, 
BaBX cxpoBxejibHufi MaTepia;ii> npeBpaii],aexcfl bx 3AaHie no (|)h- 
ryp'i, poAHBmeficfl bi fojIOb^ apxnxeRxopa. H bx» xi^jiax^ schbox- 
Huxi, EpacHBaro naBJiena, orpoMHaro RHxa hjih cjiohb, naqajio 
ojiHO — cjiHSb, a paejiHHie ^^opMi, b'l Roxopufl CJTHSb npeBpao^a- 
excB, BaBHCHxi ox'b HAeaJibHaro. 

$opMu Beu^ecxBa, cjiyqafiHO noABepraiou^arocfl ^lifieTBiio 
xo xorO; xo ;ipyroro HAeajibBaro, BpeMeHHu« Cyn^ecxBOBaHie bo- 
uiiecxBeHHaro, RaR'b oape;i1iJieHHaro Bs^a, ecxb xojrbRo aiywHuoey 
MHUMOCy h6o CJiyiRBxi jiuuib oxne^axROMi cyn^ecTBOBaHia Hxe* 
ajibnaro. jSjtficxBHxeJibHO cyn^ccxByexi xojibRO H^eaJibHoe, a Be* 



') Cip. 16. 



— 143 — 

D^ecTBeHHoe cjiy^afiHo:B. Ecm wb ^jBCTBeHHOiii BH^ti npe^CTa- 
fiHTB ce6i apBpoAy hoa^ ofipasom oCmnpHaro Mopa, na roto- 
pom CBJBHufl B'^Tep'L BdjtUMaerB h^botopjbib bojihu, to bqjihu — 
npexoAflinifl ^opMu, flBJieaifl, Boxa bx pasHux's ^opMaxi — ae- 
n^ecTBeHHoe, B^xpn — H^eajiBHoe; see bii'&ct']& Bsaioe — npoHBeo- 
;(HH0CTB npHpo^H^ a HaHaoiBHafl npn^Hna — Bon. BHAcmoe ajls. 
Baci ecTB TOJiBKo HHaiioe cya^ecTBOBaHie (phoenomenon — sic) 
a cyn^HocTB (noumenon) CKpsiBaeTCA bi H^eajBHOMx. Bee bb- 
mioe ;^BH2ReTCfl bx cji^CTBie AiaTe^BHOCTn HAeajiBHaro. 

BosBpaTHMOfl Kx caoco6aMi HSCJitAOBaHiii npapoAu ^). 

AsajiHTHqecBoe hjh eMnHpH^ecBoe HSCJi'^AOBaHie yTBeps^a- 
ercfl sa oduthocth h MomeT'B HM'JbTB npeAMeroM'B tojbso 
BHimHee b'b KaaiAOMi Bisjs/b cyn^ecTBOBaHifl, noAJiejRan^ee nyB- 
{^TBaMi; a cie eciB HecyiuecTBOHHoe bi npapoA'ik. IlyTeiCB onuT- 

HOCTH MOSHO AOflXH JHinB AO nOHJITifl CJEyMafiHOlfB, SOHH'B 

ynpaB^flerx b^^to nocTOflHHoe, t. e. H^eajiBHoe. H^eaJiBHoe me 
He noA^esHTi onnxaHi: ero HejBBfl saBJiio^HTB hh doa'b bob- 
xyniHufi KOJiOBOJii, hh b'b nanHHOBi ropmoR'B. IIoaxoMy to bi 
eHnHpHiecRHXi eayRaxi Aocei*]!^ EiT% HH?ero nojosBTeJibHaro; 
Bsopi eMnnpHROBi HH^ero ne bhahti b'b Mop*! npnpoABi^ RpoMi^ 

U^HHCTBIX'B R0Jie6aHi&. 

HxaRi, npspo^a nwkerh ab^ cxopoHBi: BH'6inHK)H) h BHyx- 
peHHioH). HapyasHOCxB nopaasaexx npemxe* Ayina, coo6iAaflCB cb 
MipoMi> nocpeACXBOMi HapyjBHHXi nyBCXBi, npea^^e o6paiAaeTCfl 
SI BHlniHefi CTopoH^^ npspoABi, n Haxo^fl Bce MHoropasjE^ie 
ycjiOBHHM'B, cxpeMHTca npHBecxH ero ri e^HHCXBy, rx fiesycjiOB- 
HOMy. Eahhcxbo h CesycjiOBHoe — boxx aijiB, rx Roxopofl BOBci 
^STOJ^Tifl CTpeMHxca MHCJianqfi bx nejOBiBi Ayxi. 

Tox'B MOMeexx ^iflcxBia Ayina, Ror^a OHa ipe3% napyasHBia 



') Cip. 19. 



— 144 — 

^yscTBa oCpan^suiCB ki> BH'i^niHefi CToponi npEpo^^u, cHjEHxcff 
CBecTH BHAKMoe Ha 6e3ycjroBHoe, HasuBaeMx paayMOMBi npoTn- 

BOnOJIOlRHUfi — JfMOMZ. BHHEHeMi: J^ajeKO JIH npocTHpaioTCfl jsjki- 

CTBifl pasyna? Jl^yma nopaasaeTCa MHoropasjH^ieM'B; axo eciB 
eoaspfbuie. PasyM'L pasMimaeTi Bemn cxo;tHHa b% oco6ue j>am, 
iipHBo;iiHTX Hxi Kx c^HHCTBy (coUocatio similium rerum), a 
noTOMi pasSHpaeTx, m:b oni HMiroTi Meat^y co6ok) ofimaro, h 
8T0 nocjiiAHee oxBjeKaeT'B (abstractio). OGii^ee, oxBjie^eHHoe on 
no;i;o6flux'B nacTHux'b (s[3o6pa2&eHifl rohxi ocTaBjaeTCfl bi 8a6- 
BeniH), ecTB nouHmie. IlepBuft nopuBi ;i;yinH bi CBej^eeiH mho- 
ropasjiHHifl ri ejo^HHCTBy ecTL cociaBJieHie noHATifi, npe^eM'B 
aaMinaioTca xpn MOMeHxa: l)coBM'femeHieno;[o6HHX'E (coUocatio), 
2) pasfiopt cxowTBa (comparatio, analysis), 3) oxfijeqenie xoro^ 
^x6 cocxaBJiaexi cxo;i;ctbo (abstractio) ^). 

Ho H ciH Bucmifl c^epii noHsxifi EasyxcA ji^Yurk eme ^acx- 
Bumiiy npe^cxaBJiaioxca MHoropasjiH^ieMi, a ea is^ijib — eduHcmeo, 
noxoMy H cia c^epn ona CHJiaxca no;iBeciH no;!;^ o6mee cibh- 
cxBO, X09H0 xaR'B ^6 nocxyuafl, RaRx h npe cocxaBJienin ksltr- 
Aaro noHflxifl nopoBHB, choca bm^cx^, pasdHpaa cxoji,ctbo e ot- 
BJeRafl o6ii^ee. TasHM'E odpasoMX oxi noHaxiS eudoez ;tyina no- 
cxynaexi k% nonaxiK) poda^ nopaj^Ra h t. ;i;.; caMoe BHCniee 
noHaxie ecxb Oumie, oxBJieHeHHoe oxt Bcero, o Heiix Moa^HO 
CKasaxB: ecmh. Buxie ecxB canoe npocxiBmee, canoe oemee, oxi 
Hero yate nenero 6ojiie oxBJieEaxB, onoHeHMiex'B CKasyeMaro h 
caMO ecxB no;^jieatamee 6e3x CRasyeMaro, Bce ecxB ero bha'b. 

CocxaBJieme nonaxiS ecxB ^po^ecc^ BOCxoatieHia, bx eoto- 
poM-B Raat;taa cxynenB e-b HHsmeMy coAepataxca, RaRX o6mee, a ki 
BKEcmeMy, RaRx qacxHoe. ^iMi BBime bocxo;^ht'b paayMi, liwh 
6oji4e pi;iiexx hjh yxoH^eBaexca cb yBeJiBHeHieMx o6ieMJieMOcxir 
c^epa noHaxia: djina^afimia r'b npejiMexaM'B noJHie, 6oJiiejii^i- 



') Cip. 21. 



— 145 — 

H)n CKasyeMEixi. HpedMemu (oco6£u, individua) h Sume ^) 
cocTasjfliOT'B KpafiHOCTQ cero BOCxoKAeHifl. IlepByfl CTyneHH — 
6jiBsa8mifl Ki AMcTBaxejibHOCTH (realitas), ho q sa^^cb, eu^e 
Bi nepaofi C(j[)ep']^ OTB^ieneHiii npe^iMexu (eKseMnjiapH) yase qs- 
HesaK)!^, a ocxaeicfl JiHmb o6nifie ues&jiy hhmq. BocxoAHXb 
jajiie SHaqnxx y^ajiflxbcfl oxi npe^HMexoB'B. Raas^^aa c4)epa no- 
HariS npej^cxaBjiaexca nycxoio, r;ii noxepana A'6ficxBHxeJibH0Cxi>: 
H q'^Mi BHine c^epa coHflxifl, x'J^m'b ona nycxie. CaMaa BBicman 
c^epa ecxb caMaa 6oj[binafl nycxoxa, ta^ see MBoropasjiciHHoe 
He s'b e;^HHCXBy npsBeAeHO, a o6pau^eHO bi& nycxoxy. 

PasyMi (He o;iH0ro lejiOB^sa, a bc^xi jEio;^e3 BOo6iiie h 

BO BCixX B'J^EaX'b), SaM^XHB'B xaRofi HeAOCXaXOKX Bl nOHflXiH 

(sA'i^cb pasyMi sasdH oJiQii^exBopflexca; ho B'J^^b pasyM'b ecxb 
/[yma, o6pameHHaji s'b BH^uiHeft cxopoH^ npupoj^u, ajiymaecxb 
ji'bficxBHxejbHO H'&qxo caifOCxoflxejibHoe, mHBoe, ^^ificxByioa^ee no 
ycMOxp'lHiK)), A^jaexi HOBoe ycnjiie, hxo6ii nonoJHBXb ohq^. 
9to ecxb cyotcdeuie^' Bwpoe ^^tflcxBie pasyMa, KO^;^a ohx o6mee 
crapaexcji nocxaBHXb na bha'b b^ MacXHOM'b; o6inee, RaB'b H'lqxo 
nycToe, ohi cnacaex'b Ha nacxHOMx, BaBi cyn^ecxBeHH^fimeM'b, 
hto6h o6mee, HsnesHyBraee. bh* ;^tficTBHTeJIbHa^o, coe^HHHXb 
qepesTt HacxHoe ci ;^i9cxBHxeJIbHHM'B. 

Bo axopoMi j^ificxBin pasyMa xaRiKe xpn Monenxa: ^acxHoe 
(nojijieacamee), o6mee (CKasyeMoe) h MOMenxi hxt^ coejmEemsi, 
CBHSb (copula). PaayMt bo BXopoMi j^ificxBin, qacxnoe noj^HHnaH 
oSmeMy, CHJiHXca cjcyiafinoe coo6mHXb cb nocxosHHUM^. Ohx 
CHJiHxcfl Bce MHoropasjiHqie cBecxH rx e;iHHCXBy h He xo^exx 
vjiajiaxbca oxi cymecxBCHHOCXH. Bi nepBOMx ;^4ficxBiH ohi sa^ 
Mtqaexi ea y;iaJieHie, bo axopoMX ohi xo^exx rt^ nefi BOSBpa- 
TDTbca, HO He ;^ocxH^aex's cBoefl nfkJim noA^HHaa qacxHoe 06- 
m,eMy, oh'b en;e ne HHCxoAHrb ^0 caMuxi npe^MexoBx: Bx^acx- 



') Crp. 23. 

10 



146 



HOMi He BBAHBi oco6ufl (individua disparent). H nodTOMy pasyM'B 
A'i^jiaexi en^e HOBoe ycnjiie h ciapaeicfl coe;iHHBTB oco6oe c^ 
ofin^HMi nocpeACTBOMi qacxHaro, h 8to ecTB aaKAWHeuie, xpexbe 
jvbiCTBie paayMa, Koero momchth: oSu^eCj Hacmuoe, oco6oe. 

PasCopi Tpexi jiiicTBiH Aymm^ ofipan^eeHofi b:e BB'6mHefi 
CTopoH'ik npapoj^H, ecTB Teopia pasyiia, ^to o6iiRHOBeHHO Hasu- 

BaiOTX AOlUKCm ^). 

HaMHaa ci BH;[HMaro, ex xoro, qib nopaffiaeri qyBCTea, 
Mu nosHagMT. eMnapHTCCKH, h 8to eciecTBeHHO. Ho Be ecxeci- 

BeHHO dTBliX ROHHBTb. GvLWh UyTeM'B MU He HOJKeMl ;^OfiTH j^O 

i^^jiH ecTecTBonosHanifl, jio e^^HHCTsa^ hsx xoToparo 6u mo^^ho 

06lflCHBTB 6B;(HM0C. 

Eahhctbo, ao Koero ;ioxoahtx pasyMi, ecTt nycmoma^ bti 
KOTopofi Bce jcificTBBTejibHoe (reale) Hs^esaexx h, OTEy^a HejiBsa 
BUBecTH MHoropasjifl^Hoe. A BaaKHJkfiinaa sa^ta^a ecxB: HaflxH ejiBH- 
€TBO, RaBx BHyTpeHHee naqajo Ea»;iaroflBJieHifl, ejteHCTBO, hsx eo- 
Toparo M07RH0 o67*flCHHTB 6HyTpeHHK)K) CTopoHy npHpojiBi. TaBoe 

€JlHHCTBOy BOTOparO BH^inHflfl CTOpOBa CJiyaSHTl TOJEBBO TimK), 

«CTB uden^ a noHJiTie o eefi ycjOBHo HasoBeMX MUCAifo: sto ecib 
7;Be nOHflxie yiia, a ne pa»yMa. Ilouflxie pasyua roBopexi o 
<I)opM']& Ben^H, a noHflxie yMa o caMofi cyn^HOCxn. MucAh cosep- 
ineHHO npoxHBonojaraexcfl nouHmm. Ilonaxie ecxB ^opMaAhuoe 
6ABHCXB0, a ^ucJih—cymecmeeuHoe. Mbicjib nsBi^ii^aex'B o bhyt- 
peHHOCXB ABJieHm^ a noHflxie xojibeo o noBepxHOCxn oaaro. IIo- 
flaxie cocxaBJiaexcfl, mucjib paa;;(aexca h pasBneaexcfl. IIoHATie — 
ape^Mexi aoiukUj hhcjb — sl^u aoco gSiu. 

^yma, o6paii^eHHafl ei BH'ibiiiHefi cxopoH'6 npapoABi, Mosexi 
o6oraxBXBCfl xo.ibeo noBJixiflMH. Pasymi ee npocxHpaexcH ji,^jiie 
nonflxii), h noxoMy orpaHH^eHi: ohi Biii^ex^B y;iijJiOM'B CBOJBSflXB 
jiHmB no noBepxHOCxaMi aBJieHi^t, Be npoHBEaa £0 BHyxpea- 

HOCXB HXl. 



') Cip. 27. 



— 147 — 

BnimHflfl CTOpona DpHpojii ecTBo6jiacTB eMnnpiH^ cjii^^o- 
nirejEHO, nonpHn^e pasyna; BHyTpeHHflfl eciE o6^acTb yMOsp'iHifl 
H Donpen^e yna. H^^yn^ie no nepsoMy Haxo^tflT'L tojibko oxpa- 
xesie, OTnenaTRH HjeajifcHaro. H^ymie no BTopony CHJiflTca co- 
3epi%aTB iiden)^ cavoe oipaaiaiontee ^). 

Ha^ajro eMnnpiH^-flGJieHiH, ea^ajioyMosp'i&Hifl — caMonosHanie; 
xoAi eHnnpiH — naBeAenie (inductio), xo;^^. yMosptnifl — bubo/^'b (de- 
^QCtio, constr actio). EMnnpia ot'b OEpy:RHOCTn ycTpeM^flOTCfl B'b 
ijeHTpy — nay^a^y, ayMOsptnie OTt ^eHTpa nocxynaeTi kx OEpyat- 
BOCTB naBtpnoe. EiinnpnB'B cnjiHTca npRBecxn xaoci BSJiemi bx no- 
pHj^ORi na ocHOBanin npErsnaKOBi, ne 3a6oTflCB o tomt, EaEoe 
noHflTie poAHTi ero CHCieMa o npHpo;^'fe: noiOMy eMnnpHHecEia 
-CHcreHu TaEi cyxn, nesanHHaTeJiBHii. JIjlsl eMnnpnKa npnpo^ia — 
rpy^a MaTepin, soTopyio oh'b CHJHTCa pasiomnTb h onncaxB. 
j(jifl yMOspHTejifl npnsHaBH rhn> cyTB 6yRB£j, kohmh H;i;eaj{BHoe, 
npoflBJifljiCB B'B Beu^ecTBeoHOM'B^ ^aeTi ce6fl pasyM'J^xB: ero cn- 
€Teua TijfB ecTecTBeHHEix'B ecib sapTHna paBBHxifl icapcxB'B 
npHpoflH ^). 

EnpoieM-B, yMOspinie npa Bcfexi cbohx'b ^peHMy^^ecxBaxx 
HejocxaTOiHO Ces'B OMnapiH. Ka»t;toe aBjenie (h npnpoj^a — nxi 
coBOEyneocxb) ecxB coeAnnenie npoxHBonojioatHOCxeft (synthesis 
oppositorum) , — cobm^cxhocxb w ^eajiBHaro cb Ben^ecxBenHBiM'B. 
IIoceMy H yMOspHxejiBHoe nosnaHie, h eMnHpn^ecRoe, Kasii oj^hocxo- 
poHHee, KaatAoe no oxi^'^jbhocth — nenoj^HO. YMospHxejiH j6imjifiuu 
B'B Heo6xoAnMOcxH o6oH)AHaro nosHaniH (1x6 nenoBflXHO ennE- 
pBBaHi) H HHMajio He ?ymAaH)xcfl eMunpin, hojcjh hhX'b onuxu 
fl Ha6j[H>A6Hifl — noB'ipsa nanaji'L, BHBeAenHEix'B ns^ caMonosHaHia, 
a Be eauHa nanajia. B^^b yMOspnxejiH nojfBsyioxca h nymBME 
•onuxaMH, n caMH hxi* jiisa.iOT'h. 



^) Cip. 29: 
*) Cip. 30. 



10^ 



— X48 — 
MeiHie, 6yAT0 Haysa Bmame Bpena H^eri $*& coeepmeH- 

CTBy HCQOJIHHCBHMH maraMH, — Me^Tal ^H&SO to OTRpUTltt yBaiH- 

^HBaexcfl, a npHpo^a ocxaeTCfl no npeacHeny HepimeHHOK) sa- 
;i;aHeH). EjieBTpHiecTBO, pasjioseaie mfiJiOHei, tmu, BJiiflHie 
rajiBaHHSMa naMarHHTHyK) CTpi^jiKy, 8th OTspHxiji— fijiHCTaxejib- 
HHfl dnoxH wh pasBHTiflT HayBi; ho o6'BflCHHjiacb jih cb chbcb xota 
H'bcBOJiBBO caHa npHpoAa? o6xflCHBJ[OCB jm ejieBTpH^ecTBO, 
rajiBaHHBM'B h t. n.? 

EiinHpH^ecBifl OTsptiTiJi yMHOsaEOxob mscJio flBjieeifi npnpoAu 
n BonpocoB'B ji,jia pimemfl. PasyMi oCoran^aexca; ho ocxaBaaCB no 
npencneMy bx rpanHqax'B cjiyqafinaro, owh ai nosHaniH npHpojiu 
He nocxyoaex:B ^a^'le. 

Oheixi MoacexT* ;^OBecTH jio oxBpciTiS, ho ^osHaHia ohuxi 
HaRor;i;a. EnnHpHHecBifl CB'6ii('&Hifl He Bume o6HBHOBeHHaro pas- 
CBasa, OHH xojTBBO Maxepiajiu SHanifl, pasdpocaHHiie b'b 6e3- 
nopaj^Bi ^). 

EMnHpuBH BUAyMUBaiOTi xeopiH j[,ssl ycTpaneHifl axoro 
xaoca, HO CM'i^Ha hxi xeopifi ecxB saMiaa o^HOfi JLsan ;ipyroio. 
HoBoe OTBpuxie Be^exi b'b HOBott xeopis; to, mb npHHHMajiGi 
sa HcxHHy, BHAaexca sa jto^b. YsjiaBaTB xeopiH eMnapHBOBi^ 
sHa^Hxi nepexoAHXB oxi cxapofi jish bi hoboM. Teopia ecib 
npeACxaBJieHie BHyxpeHHAro xo^a ABJEenifl (^^ocxynHoe jhhib jf,M 
yMa, a ne ajia pasyMa), h cj[^;^OBaTej[BHO, ne ^ijbM ennHpiH. 

IIoceMy, ecjiH A-ia ofijierqeHia ycnixa vh EcTecxBeHHUx'B 
Haysaxx o6niafl xeopifl hojimeb, 6£ktb i^'^jibk), h ecjon xeopiH 
60o6Di,e Eeo6xojuiiwij to yMOBpHxejiBHuS cnoco^i nscjitjtOBaHia 
npHpo;(ii sacjiysHBaeTi 65;iBuiaro BHHMaEifl y^enuxi, ^^ut> 

CKOJIBBO 06HBH0BeHH0 yAOCTaHBaexcfl. 



') Cxp. 33. 



IlepeXOAHM'B K'b C0HHB6HiH) rTa&IOBa, KOTOpOe AOCTaBHJIO 

«yy HaH6oj[BmyH) HdBicrnocTB, HMeeHO, bx ero ^OcHOBaHiiiifB 
^HSHKH^. I qacTB Bumjia Bi MocBB'6, Bil833 r. THxyjix, Y cip. 
^waejeHifl, 1 nycxaa CTpan., Biopofl THTyjn, xescTa 3 — 302 
CTp. + 3 lafijiHi^H qepTeJKefl. Bx KHnri 99 § h Bt Ta6jiHi;axx — 
39 ^epiesefi. Il-a nacxb BEimja bx 1836 r. bi Mocbb*]^ ise, 
saMioHaeTi: THxyoLi, hch. 2cTp. ^npe^ncjiOBie", BTopofl THiyjii, 
T^KCTa 3 — 368 CTp. + „orjiaBJieHie" VII CTp.H-3 lafijimu. Bx 
KHeri § 100 — § 249 h bx Ta6jiHii;ax'B 46 qepxeaefl ^). Tpexsa 
^acTB, xojiseHCXBOBaBinafl HSJiaraxB opraHmecEyK>(|>H3HBy, coBciifB 
eenoflBHjiacB. B'b 1835 r. Bumjo ^Hs^aHie Bxopoe" I HacxH, sasjio- 
?aH)mee: Taxyjix, V cxp. — „orjiaBJieHie", 1 nycxaa, Bxopofi xHxyjii s 
TescTa 3 — 311 cxp.;9epxejKe& h §§ cxojibbo se,BaBi bi^ nepBOMi ns- 
AaeiH, HO xeBCxa 6ojiie na 9 cxp. Bx xescxx noM'i^eHBi no- 
npaBBH H HcnpaBJieHie omH(5oB:B, ysasaHHHX'B BpnxHBaMH. FjiaB- 
flEiMH EpHXHsaMH 6ujiin Muui BB Dorpater JahrbUcher, boxo< 
poMy IlaBJOBi HanHcaJH oxb'Ixx (o6b axofi BecBMa jK)6onKrxHOfi 
H BasHofi nojL^wBnsA Cy^exi p'^^B HHse) n ^ilpocJiaBCsifi yqe- 
HE[fi', noMicxHBmiS pemeHsiK) bi ^Mocbobcbomx Ha6j[H)Aaxej[']^ '^ 



^) dRaeMDJIHpi lOpbeBCKOft yHHB. 6]I6jI., KOTOpUMB R nOJIbSOBaJICA, HnfJ^eTB |ia 

II T. aBTorpa(})B aBTopa(pa3HainHCTBiHi nonepROHB): MixaMjiy IleTpoBiHy P036epry 
OTi aBTopa, 31 asrycTa 1836 MocKBa. Po36eprB 6ujib bi 4^piiTt npoj). pyc- 
msl cjoBecHOCTi. BocnHTbiaaflCb bb Mockobckomb yHifiepciTeT'b, oh% yBJieKaJCfl 
^(iJOco^ieiD H 6biJiB OTHaHHHUHB meJiJiHHroBi^eMB, HeHB cm. y Keen. IIoAeeoio, 
5an., CTp. 152-154. 



— 150 — 

sa 1837 r.^ na Boxopyio naBJioei OTB^^ajix bi ^JlHTepaTypfliixi^ 
npntfaBjieHiflxi b'b PyccKony HoBajiHAy^: „0 HecOMHiHHOCTff 
MaieMaTHRH bi ^hshk^^. „5iorp. CjiOBapb^ yxasHBaeTx ea ara 
OTB'^Tu IlaBjiOBa, BaBi> Ba npaiiipx „HeMHj[ocepAHaro nopaa^eHiji 

npOTHBHHKOBl" ^). 

„$H3HEa" UaBJiOBa npoH8Bo;iBTi saii'i^HaTejiBHO GjaronpiaTHoe 
BneqaxjiiHie HSfl^ecTBOMi njiaHa. CeaHajia Bes^^ HSJioaceHii sa- 
6j[K)AeHifl, ouuTu H onHcanie flBJieeifi, a hotohx yiRe npe^ia* 
raeicfl noflCHHTejiBHafi, HaTyp4)HJioco^CBafl xeopiii. 6x BH;iy Toro^ 

HTO Wh CBOeiiX HSJOSeHiH „$H3HKH^ UKI OrpaHH'lRMCfl TOJIBSa 

paBCMOTp^HieMi BasH^fimnxx, TeopexH^ecBHX'B r;iaB'B n §§, ne 
6y;^eT'B nsjiHniHEiM'B npHBecTH o6ii^iS nepenenb coAepxaHia ea, 
;^a6u ;i;aTB HnTaxejrK) bosho^bboctb bha'^^te sr dBcnepHMeHTajiBflHft 
cociaBi ^vLSvmecKoH cncTeiffu IlaBJOBa. 

Ri dTOHy HysHO eme ;io6aBHTB, hto H^soTopiifl rjiaBUHSi 
^$ii3BBH^, HM'lion^ifl o6m\i HHTepecB, noM'J&n^ajincB npe^BapnTeiBHa 
BX aRypHajit ^AxeHefi". Taax, eanp., B^ ^AxeHei" sa 1828 r.^ 
BO 2-ofl lacTH, tfHJiHFnoMimeHBi: bt. JVs 6, nayKH, CTp. 129— 
141 „0 npe^Mexi $h3hkh", CTaxBa, cocxaBJiaromaa I ox^tJ^ 
BBeAeHia bi I-io nacxB, a b% JVs 7, cxp. 253 — 263 — „CoAep- 
^ame n pacno;i6seHie ^hshrh", cocxaBjaioii^afl YII h YIII oi- 
ji,ijii;i xoro me BBe^^eBia. 



^) Grp. 185, npnM. 3. HenpaBMbHO yRasanie Ha otb^tb IlaBJOBa JeHiUr 
6yAT0 6u BB <Tejicrpa(})t» 3a 1823 r. (t. e. eme m,o BuxoAa ORpiTiKOBaBBot 

«0H3HRI»). 



06iii,i& oGdop'B coffepscaHlH ^Ohshkh'' IlaBjiOBa. 

BBeAenie: I. IIpeAMexx 4)H3iiEii. II. OnpeA^jieHie ({^hshkh.. 
HI. Gpe;^CTBa <|»b3hbi[, hjeeh cuoco6u mcji'b^OBS^EiE. IV. d^^euisi 
QOJioaiRTejibHEifl H Teopifl. V. ^usHBa nojioniBTejiBHafl h xeope- 
TuqecKafl. VL $H3HBa onuTHafl h yifOspBTejiBHafl. YIL Co^ep- 
saaie ^asiiBH. YIIL IIjiaH'B ^hsbbq. 

(pU3UKU o6meil omdrbAeuie nepeoe. Cefbmz. 
FjEaea I. Cetbmz eh seAeuiu. 

A. CB^T'BjRaB'B npn^nea bh;^hmoctei: PasA^JieHie i^jli^ wh 
OTHomeHiH *kx CBiiy. Hcto^hhkh CBi^Ta. PacnpocipaHeHie CB-ifeia* 
PacxoAHMOCTB j[yHefi CB^^ia. ilpsocTB cB'^xa, hjeh cxeneHB ocBi* 
lAeaifl. CsopocxB CB^xa. Oxpaseeie, pascfaflsie h norjon^eeie 
CB'i^Ta. 3aB0HEi oxpaseHia CB'bxa. Oxpaaceeie oxxsepBaji'B djioc- 
KHxi, C(f>epHqecBHX'B, Bornyxux'B, BiiayRJiBixx. IIpeJOMJieHie CB^^xa. 
SaBOHu npejiOMJieHifl. IIpejiOMJieHie CB'lxa bi cxeBjax'B pasHoS 
^opMBi, Bx cxeBJiaxi n.TiocBHX'B, C(|>epH?ecKnx'B. ^Bofieoe npe- 
JOHjeeie. OnxaqecEaa ocb. HanpaBJieHie npejOMjeHHHX'B Jiyqe]3 
Bi spHCxaJiJiaxi ci oahok) h ci ^Bynfl onxaqecEHMH ocamh. IIojui- 
pesauifl CB']^xa nocpe^cxBOM'B ABOfiearo npejiOMJieHifl, oxpaseeifl^ 
npocxaro npejtOHJteHifl. CBOficxBa nojiflpHsoBaHHiix'B j[y?efl. IIo- 
•iflpasyioii^ifl xtjia. 



— 152 — 

B. CB-i^Tx, RaRi npHHEHa i^b^thocth: Cjy^aH oi^s^qeHifl 
CB^Ta, a. IIpejiOMJieHie. a) IIpeJiOMJieHie bx npHSHi. CBofiCTBa 
npHSMaTH^ecKHxi jiyqefi: 1. IIpejOMjjieMOCTB. 2. OTpascaeMOCTb. 
3. HepasjiaraeMOCTB. 4. Coe;tHHnMOCTb b'l fi^jrufi. 5. TeMnepa- 
Typa. 6. XiiMHHecKia A^flcxBia. 7. ^epiH bi r^BiTHOMx nsoCpa- 
meein. b) UpeJiOMJieHie bob tohrhxx njiacTHHRaxx; b. Pas^ipo* 
6j[eHie. K^B'i^Ta Tijn>. AxpoMaxHSM^. 

C. CBiTi, BaRa npHHHBa xenjia. TepMOMexpu: ^apesrefi- 
xoBx, PeoMiopoBX, ^ejiHJieB'L, D^ejiLciycoBX, Amohxohobx, Pyxep- 
^opAOBx a maxima, BperexoBi. TepMOCRonBi: JlecjiieBi h PyM- 
4)opj^OB'B. IlHpoMexpH: BeacAByAOB'L. CocxosHia xenjioxH. l.Ten- 
jioxa C6o6o;^Hafl. TenjioeMROcxB. y^^JiBHafl xenjoxa. KajiopHMexpx. 
HanpaaieHHOCXB h npoBO^HHRe C£o6oAHofi xenjioxu. 2. CBpuxaa 
Tenjoxa. KojiHqecxBO cKpuxofl xenjoxu b'l ^harocxaxi, bi Beme- 
oxBax-L B03;tyxoo6pa3HHxx. 3. JlyHHCxaa xenjoxa. CBoflcxsa 
jiyqHCxoft xenjioxLi: 1. PacnpocxpaHeHie Bt cpe^axi npospaq- 
Hux'L, 2. HeHarp'bBaHie npoxo;(HMofi cpeAU, 3. OxpaHcenie, 
4 nojiapHsai^ia. ToatecxBO JiyHHCxofi xenjioxH h CBixa. Hcto?- 
niiRe xenjioxu. 

FjiaBa II. Cetbtm caMb ez ce6rb. 

Teopifl CB^xa ^pesHEXi^, j!I,eRapxa, HK)xoHa. na^iesie xeopio 
Hioxona. OnpoBepateHie xeopin ^eRapxa. Teopia CBixa JIomo- 
HOCOBa, ORena. OnpoBepsseHie xeopia OResa. 



0U3UKU oCki^eH omdrbAenie emopoe. Taoicecnvb. 

FjiaBa 1. T^ofcecmh ei oeAeuiu. 

HanpaBJienie xaaecxH. HoBepxHOCXB bgmjih, ypoBeHB Mopa. 
PaBHOuipHocxB jci^ficxBifl TflTsecxH na x']&jia. SaROHi xfl»?ecxH. 



153 



Onpe^tjeHie yj^ijiBHaro B'ica t^ji BOSAyxooGpasHux'B, xeKy- 
^Hxi, TBepABixx. T'&Jia jierRifl ii Tfl;sejiufl. 

rjiaaa II. THO/cecmt cumu eh cc6rb. 



0U3UKU o6\ueH omdrbAeuie mpemie. Beuiecmeo. 

rjasa I. Beuiecmeo ez sdAeniu. 

06ii;ifl CBofiCTBa T^Jix. 1. 3aBHcaii;i£[ oti chjiu paBmepH- 
TejiBHofi. A. npoTa»HMOCTB: a) JiHHefiHafl — o^epTaxejiBHOCTh, 
b) DoBepxHocTHaa — ofiiaxHocTB, c) KyCnHHaa— HenpoHHi^aeMOCTB. 
B. JttjiHMOCTb: a) JTaHeBHaa — xaryqecTB, b) IIoBepxHOCTHaa — 
pacTasHMOCTB, c) KySHqHaa — pasmupaeMOCTb, 2. Sasacamia on 
CQjiEi c^-KHMaTejibHofi. A. DpHTaacHMOCTB: a) JleHefieaa — i^'InROCTb, 
b) IIoBepxflOCTHaa — jianKOCTB, c) KyOH^Haa— CBasB. B. Coe- 
ahhhmoctb: a) JiHHeftHaa — coKpamaeMociB, b) DoBepxHOCXHaa — 
CTaatHMOcxB, c) KyCHHeaa — catHMaeMOCXB. ^acxana CBoficxBa 
T'l^jii, oxJHHafomia hxi cocxoaHia. 

FjiaBa IL Beu^ecmeo cumo ez ce6fb. 

Teopia BemecxBa ^peBHoxi, JlettOHHi^a, HoBMmnx'B axo- 
MB^ecRaa, Kaexa AHHaMnnecEaa, OKesa, Asxopa BM'Jkcxi cb 
xeopieK) CBixa h xaasecxH. 



— 154 — 

OCHOBaHiH OH3HKH. 
^aCTB II. 

IIpe;^ecJiOBie. BBe^eHie. 

0U3UKU HacntHoU omdfbJieuie nepeoe. Cuau nAauemHUH ueeetue- 

cmeenuuH. 

FjiaBa I. CuAu nAauemuuH Heeeu^ecmeeuHUH ez HSAemu, 

A. 9jieKTpHqecTB0. Pa3A*JieHie x-fejii Bt OTHomeHiH ki bjick- 
ipHiecTBy. Tiara pasoCmaromia h paBoCmeHHHa. Pa3Hopo;iHOCTs 
ajieKTpH«£ecTBa. PaBHOBtcie pa3Hopo;iHHXi ajieKxpHqeciBx. Cbo- 
dojiHoe ajieETpHqecTBO. djeRxpocBonH. djieRTpoMexpx. Hujieme 
ajieKxpHiecTBa na noBepxHOCxn t^ai*. y;(epacaHie dJeRxpu^ecxBa 
Ha noBepxHOCXJixxi. Pas^cJ^jieHie dJieKxpniecxBa no noBepxHOcxAHi. 
Iloxepa 9JieKxpHqecxBa: oxi pasofimHxejiefi, ox^ B03;iyxa. Pas- 
cxoaeie y^apa h cijepa 9JieKxpHHecKaro ^iflcxBia. Cnoco6HB03- 
6y^;(axB dieRxpHqecxBo: 1. Tpenie. djieBxpaqecBaa iianiHHa. 
2. Bjiiaeie. 3jieKxpo(|)opi. 3. CooCmeHie: nepesx conpHKOCHO- 
Beaie, Ha paBCxoanin. 4. Csaxie. djieRxpnqecKaa cxpijRa Faio. 
5. Harp^Banie. 6. XeMH^ecRifi npoi^eccB. 7. ^hshl. CRptixoe 
ajcExpHHecxBO. KoH;^eHcaxop•B. JleftAeHCRaa CanRa. MtcxocRpu- 
laro ajeRxpHHecxBa. djieRxpH^ecRaa 6axapea. Bceo6n;ifi paapaA- 
HHR'B. 9;ieRxpn?ecRaa Ji^^nb. PacnpocxpaneHie djreRxpH'qecxBa. 
CRopocxB ajieRxpHiecxBa. ^"ificxBia dJieRxpuiecxBa: 1. $H3H«ie- 
CRia. a) npHxa^Renia e oxxopsenia. djieRxpnqecRia sbohi. 
djieRxpuqecRifi, hjei <|»paHRj[HHOB'B nayRX. djieRxpHiecRifi xaHei^i. 
doieRxpHqeCRaa 6ypa. Bo.iibxoBx rpaA'B. SaROH'B ajieRxpHqecsHXi 
npuxamaHJfi n oxxopsenifi. b) PaBmnpenie. 9;ieRxpHqeCRaa iiop- 
xHpa. KnHHepcjieeB'L xepMOHexpi. ^"ificxBia paBmnpenia. c) 
OcB'i&uieHie. PaasH^ie CB-iTxa dJieRxp. noJosHxejiBHaro h OTpHi^a- 
xejTBHaro. JEuxxenCeproBU ^^^I'yp^- djieRxpeqecRift CBlixx bi 
BOSAyx']^. 9jieRxpHHecRifi CB'ixx bi nycxoxi. K^b'Ixhoctb dJieRxpH- 



— 155 — 

qecKaro CBtxa. d) HarptsaHie. e) OnniCJieEie. f) BocnJiaMeHeHie. 
BoibTOBi nQCTOJexi. dJiesxpHHecKifi j^ouhki. 2. XHMnqecEifl. 
8. $H3ioiiorHHecsifl. Bo3;iyinHoe djieRTpH^ecTBO. Hcxopifl ot- 
KpHTifl. TosecTBO BiieBTpaqecsofi Hccpti h uojaiir. IIocTOflu- 
Hoe npHcyiCTBie djeKxpHiecTsa bi aTMOC^ep*!. IlepioAHHHOCTB- 
BOSAymHaro dJiesTpH^ecTsa. Fposa. Mojeia. FpoM'B. YAap'K 
rpona npflMofl. y^^api rpona BOSBpaTHuS. FpoMOBiiJi cxpl^jiij. 
rpoMOOTBo^tx. rpaj^ooTBOAH. IIpoHCXoaf^teHie B03;iyfflHaro BjeKXpo- 
HecTBa. 

B. MarHHXBBM'B. OapeA^JieBie. C({>epa MarHHTHaro A'tfi- 
CTBiii. MarHHTHue noJioCH h ope;(Hflfl jimma. Uocji'bjLOBSiTeJihhusi 
T01KH. Caoco6H oxHCBHBaxb MarHHXHHe nojiFOCH. MarHHxnafl 
nojiflpHOCXB. Pa3Hopo;^eocxi> MarHHXHo& cmht. Heyxpa-iasai^ia 
pasHopoAHUxi CHJii MarDEXBux'B. MarHHXHSMi nojo:suxej[i>Bu3 
H oxpei^axejibHafi. HaHarHH^iBBaBie. Bca^ecxpa MarHHXBHecKifl h 
MareexHUfl. CHJia orpaHH^HxejiBHafl. CaocoSu HaMarHHqneaHifl: 
1. IIpHKOCHOBeHie. 2. HaxnpaHie. To^Ka HacHmeHw. HccKycxBes- 
Hue AiarHHXu. OnpaBa MarnHXOBx. MarHBXHua <|)Bryp£i. M'icTo 
MarnexHOfi chjiu. ]i;McTBie MarenxoBi na Bci xijia. 3eMHo3 
MarHHTHSMi. HanpaBwieme iiarHHXHofi chjiu bcmjih. OxfijiOHenie. 
TlepeM^BU oxBJEOHeHifl, roAOBUfl, cyxo^uji. Jlnflin 6esT> oxbjio- 
ReHifl H JTHHin BaH6oj[i>inaro oxBJOHeHifl. HaBJoneHie. IXepeii'J^flLr 
B'L BaBJTOHeHiH, ro;iOBiiA, cyxOHHUfl. MarHexBuft BBBaxopx seM- 
Haro raapa. MarenxHEre noJiocH seMjH. HanpajKeHHOCXL sewHarrv 
MarHBXBBMa. Il30;tnBaMR?ecBifl jeaiB. 3a6HCBM0Cxi> MarnnxHofi 
iianpflseHBOCXB seunn oxx xeHnepaxypu cxpanx. Ilepeii'^Hn b'l 
HanpflseHHOcxn seiiHoro HarHHxesMa roAOBiifl ncyxoHBUfl. JI^^H- 
CTBie seMHaro MarHBXHSMa npa y^ajteHiH oxx seMHOfi noBepx- 
HocxB. BjiiflHie BCixi rij'b na MarnnxHBH'B. Bjiiame t%ji% na 
MarBHXBSHi vh cocxoflBiH Bxi noBOii. BjiiflHie rijrh ea MarnH-^ 
TB3H^ BOBpeiffl Hxi ;^BH»eHiH. BjiflHie xen joxEi Ha MarHHXH3Mi;^ 
BjiiflHie MexeopoBi aa MarHHXBBM'B. ^tflcxBia MarHHXHSMa ^h- 
dB^ecBifl, XHMBHecBifl, ^usiojiorHqecBifl. 



— 156 — 

C. rajiBaHHSM'B. Boz6yMAeEie rajeaHHSMa. FajiBaHHHecRaH^ 
ixtnB H efl CHJia. FaJiBaHnqecBafl i^'^ns l-ro po;i[a, 2-ro po^a h 
3-ro poAa. fl^McTBisi raJBaHHHecBOfi i^'inH. /(McTBia i^^nsr 1-ro 
po^a 4>H3i[?ecKifl. IIpOHSBeAeme CB^Ta h xenjioTH. djieKxpo- 
MarHHTHSM'B. FajEBaHHqecBie tobh. JlfiETRemsLj npoHSBOAHMUji 

TOBaMH. jS^BHaceHifi TOBOBI OTX MarHHTOBl H 3eMJIH. FaJiBaHOMeTpx. 

TepMO-dJieBTpHi^HSM'B. J^iUcTBisL niuii 1-ro poAa xEHH^ecBifl, 
^^HsioJiora^ecBifl. flfiUcTsis i^'inn 2-ro poxa. J^'biCTBisL n^nn S-to 
pow. 

FjiaBa II. TeopiH cum nmmmHUXn ueeeti^meeHHuxb. 

OH3iiKH HacTHOfi OT^'fejieHle BTopoe. 

Chjiu njEaneTHHfl BemiecTBeHHUfl. 

FjiaBa I. GuAu eeu^ecmeeuHUH ez HeMuiu. 

To^sa sptnifl. A. BoBAyxx. 1. CBoficTBa: a) CaMopasmH- 
pHMOCTB. BosjiymHiiS Haeoci. b) IIpoHSBOAnMOCTB. 2. OxHoineHie 
Wb ApyrHM:B fl^ismeji^wb: a) bi CB^xy, b) xflisecxQ, c) Beii],ecxBy, 
d) ajeBxpnqecxBy, e) MarnnxHSMy, f) rajEBaHBSMy. 3. ^t&cxBifl. 
JIjaBJieme. HBH^penie axMoc^epnaro AaBiedfl. Eaponexp'B. Cpeju- 
HJifl Bucoxa 6apoMexpa. CjiyHafiHUfl nepen^HH. Ilepio^iHqecBifl 
nepeM^Hu. 3aBHCHM0cxb 6apoMexpa oxi MicxHOCxefl. OxHomeHie 
6apoMexpa bi BOBAyniHOMy 8J[eBxpH?ecxBy. PasHUA HH^Hia 061 
axMOc^epHOMi ^^aBJieHiH. B. Seujisi. 1. CBOficxBa: a) CaMo- 
€;EHMaeHOCXB. b) IIpohsboahmocxb. 2. OxHOmeHie b:b j^pjrBWh 
;^4axejaMx: a) b*b csixy, b) xaaecxn, c) BemecxBy, d) ajieBxpn- 
<iecxBy, e) MarHHXHSiiy, f) raJBaHHSMy. 3. ^i^ficxBia. BcacEEBaHie. 
0. BoAa 1. CBoficxBa. a) EanejiBHOcxB. b) IIpohsboahmocxb. 
2. OxHomeaie bx ^^pyrHMx j^i^tejisiwh: a) bi CB^xy, b) xaaiecxn, 



— 157 — 

c) BemecTBy, , d) dJieRTpHHecTBy, e) MarHHTH3My, f) ra.iBaHH3My. 
3. jl^iicTBia. PascTBopeHie. 

FjiaBa II. TeoptH cuaz nAauemnuxb eevj^ecmeeuHhioch. 



OH3HKH HaCTHOd OT^'fejieHle TpeTbe, 

HjiaHeTeufi npoi^eccB. 

FjiaBa I. IlAauemuhtii npoueccb es neAeuiu. 
rjaoa II. Teopin nAanemuaio npouecca. 



>^>§^*t^ 



HsjioKeesie ,,§z3zkz'' IlasJiOBa. 

I. npejXMeTTj OH3HKH. 

$03HKa ^) 3HaHHTi sayKa o npnpoA'i. Bi ^peBHOcra sthmi 
^MGHeMi osHa^ajiH Bcife CB^A'^Bia o npapoA*, xaoci ecTeciBen- 
EUXT> nayR'B, EOToputt BuocjiijiCTBiiii pasA'iJiHJicfl Ha MHoropas- 
jLEHHSifl C(i)ep£i, pasHHfl BayRH. H3X BHxi TOJibKO OAHd y^epxajia 
sa C060H) o6ii;ee bma, ho 8to hma b^ nanie Bpena HMJ^eii 
;ipyroe snaqeflie ^). 

y Bcixx ecxecTBeHHHX'B HayKi npe^MeTi o;ihhx — npHpo^a. 
EcjH ate ^pHpo;^a cjiyatHTx npeAMeiOMx MHorHx-L HayKi, to cjiijiy- 
eTx 3aK;iK)HnTB, hto ona 1) hjee opnHHMaeTCfl bx passuxx 
SHmemnxh^ bjih 2) pascMaipHBaeTCfl ex pasHEixi tohorx sp^Bifl, 
HJH 3) H to, h Apyroe ^). 

npnpoAa, A'i^ficTBHTejiBHO, B Bx pasHuxx sHa^eniflxx npn- 
HBMaeTCfl, B ex pasHuxx ToqeRx spisifl pascMaTpBBaeTefl. Hayna 
€CTB CHBeoRx eBoero npe^MeTa, a npe^iJiH cnHeKa aoji«hhcob 
na^aTb ex npe^'l^JiaMB no^JiHHHBRa. KauoBx ace npe^Mexx ^n- 
3HRB? ^aTRe Bx HOB'IfimBxx coHBHeHiflxx HOAX aTBMx HasBaBieMi 
^aM'^THO eji^Hie npeA^JiOBx Hay ex. 

BjiBatafiniia poAx, rx EoeMy OTHOCHica npapoAa, ecTs cy- 
4^ecTByH)^^ee. Toopei^x h TBopenie, botx pasA't-ienie Bcero cy- 



') H3Jio»eiio no Il-My nsaaniio 
*) Crp. 3. 
«) Cip. 4. 



— 159 — 

n^ecTByion^aro. IIoax npapo^iOK) mh s^'I^cb noHHuaeM'B ece coTBOpen- 
Hoe: 1) npnpo^^a coseaTeJiBHaji, ifipi AyxoBHiifi, no3HaK)m;ee e 
noaBaeaeMoe bm^ct^ h 2) npnpoAa CescosHaTejiBHaH, nipi (|)h- 
siqecRiR, coBOsynHocTB tojibko nosBaBaeMaro; ara hocji'j^ahhh 
E ecTB npe^HeTi ecTecTB0B'6;iiBifl h pascMaTpoBaeTCfl cb Tpexi 
ToneKi spinifl (cp. Bume, cxp. 138): 

1) KaB^ apoB3BeAeHie, coBOKynBOCTB Ttjx (amplexus eorum, 
quae sunt), 2) Ras^ npoHSBOiiHMoe, coBORyoHOCTB BBJienifi 
(amplexus eorum, quae Hunt), 3) Kasi nponsBOAfln^ee, cobo- 
KynBOCTB npoHSBOAHTejiefi (amplexus eorum, quae agunt). 

IIoBTOMy ecTB xpH paspflAa ecxecTBeHHBix'B HayBi>: 1) nayna 
rfjiaxi (coMarojiorifl), 2) — o flBJieniax^ ((j)eHOMeHOJiorifl) h 
3)— ^po03Bo;^HTCJax^ (AHnaMiojioria) ^). 

I. TtbAUj cocxaBj^ioiiiifl npepojiy. pasA'i^jiJiioTCfl aa He6ecHLi2 
(K0CMorpa4)ia — o Mipi Boofime, ypaHorpa(|)ia — o cojiHeHHofi ch- 
cieui^, reorpa4)ifl ({^BSHHecsaa — o seMHOMi mapt) h seMHHfl 
(eayBa o hhx'b— HaTvpajiBBaa BCTopia: MeHepajiorifl, ^HTOJOria, 
3oojiorifl). Eojtme t^^jix h'^^t^b, KpoMt pacnpeA'6;ieHHUX'B Menijiy 
^acTflHH coMaTOJioriH. ^mjnK^ h'Iti sa'^^cb M'i^cxa: oea He Mo^ex'B 
(qxb HayROK) o x'&jax'B. 

II. HeAeuiH^ RaRx HSMfeHeHifl bt^ cocxoaHin xijx, jjijaxca 
TaRaie na HeSecBUfl (acxponoMia — sayRa o hhxx) h seMHBia (o 
aBJicHiflX'B Bx HeopraHH^ecRoS npapoiit — Mexeopojroria, — b-b npa- 
poAi opraHHHecRoB — (f^Hsiojioria). Bojite aBJieHifl h4tx, Rpojib 
cocxaBJiaiomMX'B co6cxBeHHOCTB yKasasHBixx lacxefl (J)eHOMeHo- 
JoriH. $R3HRa He MOJEex'B 6uxB navROH) aBJieniaxi. 

III. IIpouaeodumeAU npapoABi cyxB BemecxBO z chjbi. 
IlepBoe, RaRi wacca, cocxaBjaexi npe;iMexi xemIh, Bxopiia 
ocxaioxca bx jAiJiii fjimuKi. KpoMi ^hshrh, EiT% ;^py^ofl nayRH 



') Ctp. 6. 



— 160 — 

;i(jrfl cero npeAHexa, h Hao6opoTx, spoMi cero npeAHeia, nivb 
j[jifl $H3HKH ;i;pyroro ^). 

Caati npHpoAU. bor^ npn^HHti ecxecxBeHHsix^ JiMeHifi, 
MoryTi 6uTh pascMaTpHBaeMti OT^iJihEO oti caMuxi asjieHil^ 
Hanp., BJieKipHHecTBO oT^'^JibHO OTX rposu. Ho aoji:rho jih tski 
nocTynaTL? Ilpn pascMaxpHBaHiE ABJieHifi uijiiK) nocxaBjfleTCfl 
o6iflCHeHie ohhxi, x. e. nafixn npHHHHv n cnoco6'B nponseoA- 
cxBa hxt; BHamxx, na^o npeAaapnxeJiBHO snaxB CHJiy, npoHS- 
BOAflin;yK> ABJieeie. Ecjih 6u ZASRjioe flBJieeie u^ijio CBOK>oco6yH> 
npHHHHy. xor^a 6h mo^ho npH caMOMi ofii^flCHeHin n3CJ[:&;iOBaTB 

H CBOfiCXBa, H SaROHH \2('i^fiCXByK)II^efi npHHHHU: OXA^JtBHOe H3- 

cji'l^itOBaHie npn^HHti 6uao 6u jiHinHnM'B. Ho B'ijih o^ea n xa se 
upH^HHa Momex'B yqacxBOBaxB bi MHoropa.sjtH^HUx'B BBJieuhx^y 
a noxoMy ;i0Ji^Ha 6uTh BsyHeea ox;('6jibho. OdiflcenxB ABjesie, 
ecjiH HBi SHaeifi; CBoficxBa chjii h saROHH iixx A'fificxBifl, sHa^HT'B 
xojiBBo p'imHXB: Kanan hs'b hsb^cxhbix'b chji'b bi xo^y. Ocxaerca 
JitfmB nosasaxB cnocoCi, BaKHM'B cnjia, npHBHaHHan sa npnqHHy 
;(aHHaro jiBJieHifl, npoHSBOAHXX OHoe ^). IIpHpo^ia npu Bcefi 
CesHHCJieHHOCXEr sBJieHifl ;^']kficxByex'B HeMHoruMH CHJiaHH; ot- 
A'fiJiBHEiM'B H8CJ['bA0BaHieMT> DOCJi'fe^HHX'B coRpao^aexcfl HsyieHie 
npnpOAU CO CTopoHH flBJieHiS h caMuxi x'I^ji'b, 060 nepsufl 
cyxB nepesii^HH bx cocxoflniH nocjiiAHHX'B. 

HxaKB ct^4«)/ npHpoj^u Horyxi h AoasHu 6£ixb oco6uu'b 
npoAMexoMi HSCJi'^AOBaHifl h npe^^nexoMx oco6ofi Haysa — j/SuauKU. 
npeAMexoMi ^asBBB ocxaexca npupoAa bx cmbicji'I coBOBynHOCTH 

CHJIX AMcXByiOn^HX-B BX Mip^ ^USHqeCROMX ^j. 



^) Cip. 7. 
^) Cip. 9. 
3) Ctp. 10. 



— 161 — 

II. Onpe;n;'Jbji6Hle ohshkh. 

0U3UKa ecmh nayxa o cuaaxh npupodu. Cjosy „CHJia" j^ano 
sj^tcb o6mHpHi&fi[iiee sHa^enie: c^Jia ecTb BCflRan npnqnHaflBJieHiii, 
6jm^ jiH oHa HeBemecTBCHHaa (nanp., TaatecTt), BenecTBCHHaa 
(KaKx B03;tyxx) hjih 9to Oy^eT'L nponieccx, sanp., njaHexBiifi. 

IIpdpoAa B'j^qHO^iiflTejiLHa: boti To?Ra sp'I^Hifl (|)H3HEa. 'Kslkisi 
cpe;^CTBa ynoTpefijiaexi npapoiia k-b no;i:;tepKaHiK) ceoefl Bcer- 
j^amneS A^axejiBHOCTo? boti Bonpocx, paspbmaeMufi (J)H3bkomi». 
PasHopo^tHBia cpe^CTBa, ynoxpeSjifleMHa npHpo;i;OK), Bci oaho- 

POAHH BX TOMB OTHOlHeHiH, ^TO OHi C^yiKaTX DpH^HHaMH eCTB- 
CTBeHHHX^ flBJieHifl. Cpe^CTBa H CHJH CyXB 0;^H03HaHHXeJIBHIJfl 

cjoBa. IIoceMy onpeA^JieHie (j[)H3hkh: uayna o cuAaxh npupodbi^ 
HH Majio He c6nB4iiBO H BEipaffieHO xo^HO. no^^oSnaro aie onpe- 
j^ijieHia npaAepa^HBaexca h 3HaMeHHXHfi rea-jrioccaKX ^) (hc- 
KJiioqaa xaKie HeocnoBaxejiBHO ;ttjiaeMBie npH;iaxKH, KaKX, naap., 
MexeopojioriiHecKia SBjieHia, Koxopna oxHocaxca k'b Mexeopo.iorin, 
HKOxoptia Bx iJ)03HK'fe xojiBKO HapymajH 6bi e;iHHCXBO ^pe;^Mexa). 

III. Cpe^cTBa OH3HKH HUM cnocoOM HacjiiffOBaHlfl. 

$H3HKa ;iJia HBCJiiAOBania CBoero npe^Mexa piM-fcexx (?<?a 
cnocofia: *) 

1) Onumnocnth (experientia), KOxopyK) cocTaBJiaEOxx a) ua- 
Smdeuie (observatio), h) onumz (experimentum), 

2) yMOspfbuie (speculatio). 

1. a) HaSyiwdeuie. Chjbi npHpo;i;Br ofiHapyatHBaroxca b-b hxi 
jiMcxBiaxx. Ci^efla ;^'feaxeJBHOCXH npapoAu h Kpyrx> na- 
6ji}ojieRisi HeofixaxHH h 6e3npe;iiijibHH : npn BarjiaA* Ha 



») Cxp. 11, 12, 13. 

'-) Cxp. 14. 

11 



— 162 — 

BHXx Ha6jiK)AaTejiiB^ noBHj^HHOMy, AOJrseH'B oTKasaxBCfl OT'Enosea- 
sifl CHJix. Ho npnpoAa oSjnweTx ce6fl bi eAEHCXB^ Haiajia CBoeft 
A^aTejibHOCTH — o6meK) rapMOHieio, nocjiiAOBaTejibHOCTLH) h co- 
rjiacieMB bc^xx aecM'l^THHXi A'^fiCTBift. O^OApnTejEbHaa Hscjib: 
Kpyn Ha6j[H);i;eHifl ho^ho orpaHEHHiB h onpe^'i^JinTB M'JkpoK) 
cpe^CTBt. Sjifkch anajiorifl HMieTi CHJiy n aoctohhctbo, hSo 
i^^jraa BcejeHHaa ecTt CesHHCJieHHoe h desKOHeHHoe noBiopeHie 
o;^HO^o H Toro me i^iJiaro, Hamefl cojiHe^HOi cacreMH: ot- 
KpHTia Bx namea CHCTeM-fc MoryTi fiesoniHCo^HO BpasyMjaiB 
HacB H HacHeii npapoABi BOo6me. ^ajiie — chjibi npnpoAH Jiy^me 
noseaBaxB xaMi, ^i^i odinnpHie spyrx nxx ;^tflcTBi8, h r;^ft ohb 
HesaBHCBM'i^e oti nocxopoHHnxx BJiiflHifi, t. e. b'b caMofi se 
npiipo;!;^. 

HaSATodeuie, Kam uscAtbdoeauie npupodu e^ en ceoOoduuxh 
drbucmeifixz o^tuupnato pasMnpa^ ecTB cpe^cxBO (|)H3hkh snaHH- 
xejiBHOft BaatHOCXH *). 

b) On!>^m^. Chmx HMeHeM'B ossa^aexca xoxb bhab h3- 
CJi'J^AOBaHifl, Eor^a mm npnBOAHHi» ecxecxBeHHBia x:&j[a a jt^axejiefi 
npapoAH Bi npH;(yMaHHoe eaMH cocxoaHie, Hxodn bh;['&xb, Rasx 
OHH cxanyxx bt> axoMx cjynai ^iScxBOBaxB ^). Onuxi ecxB BonpocB 
npHpojii, Ha KOxopBifl ona BHHyat.^aexca oxBiqaxB pimHxejBHO, 
ecjiH onBixn nponsBO^flxcfl cb ocMOxpHxejiBHOCXBK), h ecjn npiodp*!' 
xeHi HaBUR'B nOHHMaxB asuEi npHpo;i;Kr. 3xo cpe;rcxBO ^bshrh, upH 
BceS ero orpaHH^eBHOCXH, BecBMa BaacHO, oco6eHHO npn Hscjr'fc- 
^lOBaHiii xaEHXi ^Htcumi, Roxopua BecBMa pi^AKO Ha6jH>^aH)xca 
HJiH He Bcxpiqaioxca ox;^ijiBHO oxx ^pyraxx. Ho npn pasHHXB 
ycJiOBiaxi ojmwh onmxx Moacexx npHBOCxn ex pasHiiM'B saRJio- 
HeniaHx. 

2) yMOsprhuie. Ho axoMy cnoco6y H3CJii;i;oBaHia bx ocho- 
Basie npHHHMafoxi na^ajia yna, HedaBHCHMBia ox'b onHXHocxH^ n 



') Cip. 15. 
2) Cxp. 16. 



163 



on HHxi no saBOHait'B MumMemz nepesi pax's nocji'6;(CTBifi 
nocTynaioT'B kt> saiuio^eHiaMx, KOTopuji saT^Mx, ecjn noxxBep- 
xjtaioTCfl onuTHocTiK), npn^HCJiaiOTca s% HCTHHaMX. YMOspnTejib- 
But cnocoCi (oil Ha^iajfE ri ABjieHiaHi) aaauBaiOT'B en^e no- 
sflaHieM'B a priori — bx npoTHBonojiosHOCT]» onuTHOMy a posteriori 
{oTb ABJieHifl B'E Ha^ajaMi). 

BojL'be EiT'h HHBaBHxi Apyruxx cnoco6oB:b ascj^xoBaHia: 
HXX xBa ^). 

Bx ^Bjoco^ie BOJib^iaHCROff, BOTopoS BSBicxH'i&inaa ^hjio- 
co^ia BayneflCTepa xoaroe Bpeifa b% aamaxx ceMHeapiax'L cjiy- 
asHjia nocJi^xHHMi XoropaBmaM'B Jiy^iem, 6£IJi:e en^e xonycsaeii's 
Tperifi cnocodi nosHama — ^MaTeMaTB^ecBiS^, bo owl Tenepb 
OTpHHyTi — H BOTx noHOMy. Cnoco6H x'i^fiCTBia nosHaBaTejiBHoft 

€DOC06hOCTH, BOHXl XBa 1) npH nOCpeXCTB*]^ HyBCTB:^ (onEITHOCTb) 

H 2) 6e3i nocpexcTBa nyBCTBx co6cTBeHHiiMH cbohmh cpexcTBaMH 
(yHOsp'iHie), h nasuBaiOTca CQOCo6aMH noseaHia; dxo tojbbo 
4pyroe aasBaBie: oxhhx'l xBa — h xpyrnxx xBa. MaieMaxaBa b'b 
^H3HBi, BapaBH^ ch xpyPHMH BayBaMH (aanp., aorHBOJEo), mo- 
seix 6cixk jiHmb BecBMa SHaHExeJEBRHMx noco6ieM'B. 

IV. CB-feffeHlfl nojio»uiTejii>HLif]: h TeoplH. 

Hscji'^xoBaHie orpaHH^iBBaexca nosHaeieMX npexMeia: 1) bs 
flBJiefliH (saBi 0Hi> npexcxaBjaexca co cxopoBu cboScxbi h 
AifiCTfiia) H 2) Bx cymeocxH (ht5 obx cctb caM:B bx ce6'6). 
PesyjiBxaxH HSCJiixoBaHia BooCn^e sasEiBaioxca CB'J^xeaiaMH, a bb 
HacxHOCxH, B'BnepBOM'B cjy^ai, nojiosnxejiBflUMH, aBosxopoMx, 
npexnoaosHxeJiBHBiMH (xeopiflMH). IIpH oxH'i^x'B m xi^xi sRe CBt- 
jieaiaxi noaoacHxejibHEixx xeopin MoryrB 6bixB pasjiH^HH, ^t5 
fiy^exx saBHcixb oxi to4bh sp'i&HiH, cb BOxopoK pascMaxpHna- 



I 

I lOTCfl nojoxExeaBHbifl CB'&xeflia ^). 



*) Cip. 17. 



! ») Crp. 49. 

! 11 



— 164 — 

V. i^HSHKa nojio»CHTejiBHaH h TeopeTMHecKaHr 

IIoiioasHTejiLHUfl CB^^eHifl bi j^'&j^ nosBaHia cocTaejfiEOTi- 
HaTOJO, a TeopiH — kohciii: CB§;^enifl 6e3x reopiii ReAOcrajo^EU^ 

a TCOpiH 6eZ% CB%A6Hifi HeBOSMOSSHlI. $03BKa, CTpeMflCb BS 

nojiHOMy nosHaniH) CBoero npe^MeTa, AOJ!i:KHa 6eitb h nojoxH- 
TeJILHOK), H TeopeTH^ecKOH) BMtcri. 



VI. ^H3HKa onMTHasi H yMoapHTejiBHaK. 

CBiA6Hifl (a xeopin) Moryxi 6HTb onEiTHHfl, e yiiospHTejL- 
fiufl, CMOxpfl no CBoeiiy npoHCxox;^eHifo; n ^H3HKa MOseTi 6uts 
jthCo onEZTHOK), jib6o yuospHieJibHOK), CMOTpfl no TOMy, nsi^era 
OHa coctobtx. Rx nj^eajy HayRH (sorAa npeAMeTi pascMarpe- 
saeTCfl ci> ;(Byxi bosmosrhux'b CTopoHx, ABJieHiA n cyn^HOCTH) 
6jiH8Ra ^BBflsa, cocTOfliAafl v^B^ Tofi o ;ipyrofi. Bosmoshqh 
ouibCrh (b b'b npeA^Jiaxx onuiBOCTB. h B-ByMOsp^HiB) saBBcan 
He OTi cnoco6a nosHaBia, a oix jh^hocth nosHaion^aro. 

• 

VII. Co;n;ep»caHie o^hshkh. 

Hayaa ^^oJiKHa 6htl caMOCToaxejiBHOK), t. e. coctobtl h3i 
CB4;^eHifl tojilko o CBoeMx npe^MeT*, ne HyaK;^aflCb ;^JiJi nonoji- 
Hefiia CBoero co^tepataHia bi ^^pyrnxt CBi;ieHiaxx (hbx qyacHXi 
nayKi!)), EOTopuMB OBa.MOsexx nojiBSoeaxBca jubhib jijjia noac- 
Beflia cBoero ^pe;^Mexa. 

Co^^epacaEieMi (J[)B3brb ^^oji^bbi 6hxb CB'i&Aeflia 061 ea 
oco6oMx npe^iMeii: npBHBHax'B ecxecxBeBBHx:B aBjeaifi. Hsx ea 
odjiacxn By^HO hcrjiotbxb Bce Hjmjioe^ 3aBMCxBOBaBHoe ne ][,u 
o6xacHeBia npejiiMeia, a ;i;jia nono^iBenia coj^epatania. TaRi <J)h- 
3BRy Ha^BBaiox'B xpaRxaxoMx oC-b oCmax'B CBoficxBaxx x^Jt 



— 165 — - 

{nocKOJiBuy obh Moryxx 6uTh npHHHHOK) flBjeBifl), ho ee npex* 
jiaraiOTi axexi CBi^eHifi bi cBCTeii'6, a TOJByioT'B eu^e, sanp.^r 
ABHseeiH, Boiopoe cociasjifleT'B npeAMexx iiexaBBBH, o puna* 
rail, 6aokb,x%, MaeTHHs^. Ho b^ab oaehx HTOxise npe^MeTi, 
pa3ciiaTpHBaeMiifi b'b oahomi^ h tomi see OTHomefliH^ ne hosot'e 
^uTb npeAHeTOM'B pasnux'B HayBi ^). Bi CTaxbi o ABH^sefliB npe^- 
Jiaraioxcfl en^e asycxirBa h liysusa, xoxb 3ByR'B h Bc^eropasHO- 
MfiflOCTu He npHHaA^e;Rax'B ^hshb^. Ecjih bx'b EenyM noM^cxHXb, 
TO a nayBa ^8hk9 ho CBJiaAPHBiifi MarasBHi; wh xaROBCB c^syqa'fe 
ohI— ocoCufl BayBBy a CB'^^eHiji bsi hbx'b, nanp., o B03Ayx'b, 
Basi cpeji/k pacapocxpaHQHia SByRa, Moryxi bxoahxi^ Bi^^HSHsy 
TOJBBO M^JisL noBCHeHiB Hpe^Mexa efl. 

TasoBi se OTj!fbjn> (|)B3bbh qoa'b sarjiaBieM'b ,,onxHBa^, r;('& 
TpaKxyexca h o csixi, a o BHAiniH npeAMexoB'L. IIocjiiAHee co- 
CTaBj[Bexib npe^Mexi oco6oB sayBB ohxebb, oxHocfln^eficB bs 
'^enoMenoJioriH, xor^a bbb'l 4>H3HBa oxhocbxcb B'b AHHaneojoriB. 
Hdx xenepemHeii ohxhrb bx ^BSHBy aoji^hu bxoabxb CBiAeHiH 
CB^xib, ero CBoflcxBaxx h ^'iflcxBiBtx ^), ho h^bbbx ho obh-. 

XhhIb npeAMexoiTB HM^ex'L j'^^Jia, Ben^ecxBOy EaBi naxe- 
piaj'B, yuoxpe6JifleMBifi npHpo^OJEO a^s. pa3j[H4HEiX'b cbohxi npo- 
H3BeAeHift. CBij^eniB o x'&jiax'B, b hohxh o bc'j&x'b npe;^Mexax^ 
iHHiB BCTpi^aeux B'B ^BSHBax'B (o rasaxi h x. n.). IIpnqHHOK) 
^Toxy Heo^AyMaHHOCXB npe^Mexa b Bcejiaaie c^'i^^axB nayBy ^vl- 
3HKB 6oMie saHHicaxejiBHOK)^ H xHMifl/xpaKxyfl ne no n^uuBiji- 
lesHocxH CBirbj xenjioxi , : BjresxpBHecTB']^ h rajBaHBSM'^ ^ 
{6yAxo6Bi BX ^XBHHqecBOirb^, 0!raomeHiHv^)/^A'ixaex'b iioxtfiqeBiB 

181 ^HSHBB. HaXOAB B XaMl, H CBMl O^HO H XO Se, B^BOXOpue 

yBipflioTCfl, qxo MesAy axBMH nayRaMB nejibsfl noorosBXb xohbhx'b 

Spe^'&JIOB'B, HXO OH^ CJIBBaK)XCB. MOBCHO JIB HOHflXie HayR']^ co-» 



») Gtp. 24. 
*) Cxp. 23. 



166 



CTEBHTB, coo6pa8flo RHSraifB, HenpaBBJbHO HanHcaHHUH'B? Ha- 

npOTBFB^ BHHra ?fil2RBU 6UTB HanflrCaHU, G006pa8HO liOHflTiH)^ 

HayKH. Haysa, - saft'L on&coB'B CBoero npc;^MeTa, saB'b diOT's 
npe^MeTi, npexcTaBie^Hfl of BJie^eHHo, Aojcaea 6iiTB eiiy pasHa^. 
n npex^Jin ea, He xonycKas cjiiflHiji, osna^Hu caHHM'B npe^* 
MeroHi. CjiiflHie npexiitaBi Haysi ecTB to se^ ^t5 h e;(HHCTBO 
HXi npe^MeTOBi^ Tor;^a xbhia v <j[^H3HBa aoj[9bhbi 6h cocTaBHTs 
oxHy nayRy. Eein »e npexMOTii bxi pasjHHHH, to b cjiiHHis 
6EITB He MOserB. Bx npoTHBHonrB cjry^'i ^BaeKa tfyjeTi xaocoMi^ 
a. He CHCTeMOK). ^nasBa^ciiBcoK'B AoaaceHi Chtb npaBBjenx, 
KEBtB npaBHjTBHa apepojKa, - en opBrHeajis. A noTOny CB^AeBiii^ 
XHMBqecBiB, se cjysan^k xjrs noscHeHiB npexMeTa <{)H8hbh,. 

JS,OJ[XiEU CbTTB BBl HeS HCBJIIO^eBU. 

Sp'^Hie, Baft's oxapaBieme (functio) SHBOTHaro oprasBSMa, 
npHHajUJremBTx ^Bartojorin, a o nejiocTaTEaxx ero TpaBTyei^ 
naTOJoria: Ecjh b% fjimvLKi roBopuTB o spiniH, to no^eMy He 
rOBopBTB k o6t> oc^ajiBHHX'B o;^Hopo;(HBil'B OTnpaBiteHijixx: iih- 
n^esapeniB; ;^uxaBiB b t. n. 

MeTeopojiorifl, no 6;rBsafinieMy cpo^CTBy ci ^bbbbok),. 
Moa&eT'B 6litb (b'b' Biif,i oco6ofi HayBB) npHCoeABHena B'b <{)b3b- 

necBOMy Bypcy! 

." «' . . 

EiowB, BBipuTBaemie bbi pasHHXi nayBX h npBinsBaeiaie 
R^ $B3EBi, H6 cocTaBj[SK)T'B eB DOJiHOTEr, BpacH B cosepmeH- 
CTBa; HanpoTBBx, ohh beit^chab>t'b m'h osofi oaMErs cyiqecTBeHHiift 
CBtxeaiB, o6e8o5pasBBal()Ti ea ^pny b oTHBHaioTx y He& 

APCT0B9CTB0 HAfBA CaMOCTOBTeJEBHOft ^). 



1) Cip. 2V 



— 167 — 

VIU. IlJiaHrb OH3HKH. 

r 

Haysa ecTs CHCxeiia CB^xeHift, t. e. coBORynHOCTB ohuxi, 
nocTpoeHHaa noH^ei i^iiaro. HAeeio i^t jaro TpetfyeTca: 1) e;i0H- 
CTBO npeAMexa, 2) e;^HHCTBO Hanajia, 3) JEoreqecBafl nocj['I>iioBa- 
TejTbHOCTB. ^To6ii <]^H3HBa 6iiijra HayBOK), na^o npnBecTH ea 
coAepsanie bi cncTeMy, t. e. pacnojosHTs bc% CBt^eHiH o 
cudLTh npHpoABi, coo6pa8HO CB H^eefo i^'i^Jiaro; ror^a coAepmsLuie ^h- 
3eRa apHMexB CBoBciBeeHyK) HayK'i^ <|^opHy, BOTopaa (668% co;^ep%a- 
m) HasuBaexca ea nAauoMz. IlaaHi emfi HasuBaexca KoncneK-- 
moMd. EAHHCTReHHufl npHSHasx HayBB ecTb cncTena, h xaBCB 
Bin HayBH, Tfl^i npeAJaraiOTca tojebbo cstj^enia. RoBcneBxoMi 
(j^HSHBH Hejibsa Ha3BaxB orjEaBieaia (ocHOBanHua na ^HCJUHxeJiLHOMi 
nopaj^B-fa), Aoxopaa cyxb iQinB HyMepai^ia MaxepiaJoe'B. Koh- 
cneKTB ^HBHBB ecxB Hepxesi, no BoeMy j^ojitrm nocjiiAOBaxB 
npHBe;^eHie cB^xeBifi o CHJiaxi npHpo^Br bi o;i[ho cxpofiHoe 
i^ijoe. Ho 9X0 AOJia&Bo cjiysaxB npii cocxaBJOHiH axoro "lepxema 

PyK0B0;^CXB0M'B? *) 

HayBa ecxB yifCTBeHHEiB cohcob'b npe^iii^a. ^opiia cnacBa 
paBHa ^opM']^ noA^xHHHBBa. HJiaHx nayBH eexB ea <{)opMa, sna- 
HHTi), <{)opMa npeAMexa sayBH ;^oj[XHa 6uxb h niaHOMi ea. 
$opMy npe^Mexa sayBH cocxaBjaexx erox^jrenie. J^ijieEie upeA- 
nexa $B3HB0 6yAexx ocHoeaHieMX ea BOEcneRxa. 

$H8HBa ecxB Hayna o cajax'B npapojiu. Boxi Ba^aJiBeaa 
TOHsa. Chjih npHpo;(Bi — xpexi poAOB*^: I) o6wa hjuh MipoBua, 
II) qacxHua EJH QjiaHexHEia h III) opraeHqecsia. DoceMy ^h- 
3HRa pasA^Jaexca ea xpir nacxa: I) Ha j/St/^uny oGutyH) (o ch* 
iaxi HipoBE[x^), II) siSuauKy mcmuyfo (o CHjaxi luaHeTHbix'B), 
ni) (fiuauKy opianuuecKyH) (o cajiaxi opraHsqecBHX'B) '). 



') Cip. 29. 
*) Cip. 30. 



CxeMa Bcefi o^hshkh. 

?acTB nepBaa. 

CuAU npupodu oOtuin uau Mtpoeun. 

JloAi* cHMi HaseaHieMx pasyMtiOTCfl npa^HHU ecieciBeH- 
Huxi ABJieHifi, ROHX'L A^ficTBifl saM'J^HaiOTCfl, saRX Bi Kpyri 
HameS njiaHerti, las'L h bh^ ohoS — b'b n^jiowh nip^, bo Bce- 
jieHHOfi; TasoBH: 

I. Cb^ti, saEi CHja cpe^o^'feffiHaA. II. TaasecTB, nasi 
CBjia cpeAocTpeMHTeoTBHafl. III. Ben^ecTBo % sasi CHJia cociaB- 
Hafl H3i> AByxi nepBHXx. Ha ocHOBaeiH cero nepByio nacTs 
^HSHicn noApa^A^jjiH) ea xpa OTAijeHiJi: . npeAiieT;b nepBaro 
CBtxx, BToparo — TasecTb, xperbflro — BemecTBO. 

0U3UHU oOmeU omdrbJieuie nepeoe, 

FjiaBa I. Cb^ti bi aBJoreniH: A. Kasi npH^HHa rhahmoctk. 
B. RaEinpH^HHa hib'j&thocth. G. Kani npeqHH^ Tenja. FjiaBall. 
Cb^ti caifB B'B ce6'6, hjih Teopia CB^xa. 

0U3UHU oOu^H omdrbAeuie emopoe. 

FjiaBa I. TflsecTB bi ABJieHiB. FjiaBa II. TjisecxB caiia n 
ce6^, HJH xeopifl xasecxa. 



*) Bi XHidH BeiuecTBO paaciiaTpHBaeTCfl, Kaxi Maiepiajii* upoiaBeAenii, 
KaRi) Macca, a bi (|)B3HKt, KaKi A^^TeJb, hjb CH.ia. 



— 169 — 

0U3UKU oSuteil orndtMeHte mpemhe. 

r^asa I. Beii^ecTBo wh aaaeHiH. A. 06ii(ifl CBOfiCTBa t^ji 
B. OTHocHTejrbHUfl CBoflCTaa Tbji% xpexi cocTOflHifl. FjiaBa IL 
BeiuecTBO cano bi ce6i, sunn xeopia BemecTsa. IIpHJiaaceHie 
j^HBaifHqecRofi xeopie ri Teopin o6jhbx^ cboBctbi t'6jii, xaEse 
Ki TeopiH CBtxa h xaacecxH. 

^acxB Bxopafl. 

CuAbt HOcmuuH UAU nAauemuuH. 

TLoxh HMeaeM'b chji njaaeTHux'B, hjih qacxHux'L pasyii'i&K) 
Ti npa^nHH ecxecxBeHHiix'B ABJieeifl, sohxx x'^BcxBia orpanB- 
<]HBaH)TCfl spyroM'^ HameB njaHexH, RaRx nacxn iiipa; xaROBii: 

I. Chjtu QjaHexHUH HeBen^xseHHUA: 1) ajeRxpn^ecxBO, 

2) iiarHHXHSM'B, 3) rsjiBaHHSMi. 

II. Cbjiu HJiaHexHUfl Ben^ecxBeHBUB: 1) BOBxyxx, 2)3eMj[fl, 

3) BOAa. 

III. npoi^ecci njiasexHEii. Ha ocHOBaeiB cero h Bxopyio 
HacTB ^asHRH no;iipa3A^JiH) Ba xpo oxA^JieBifl: npeAMex'B 
nepsaro— cbjiei njanexBEiH BeBen^ecTBeHflfiifl; npe^nMexi Bxoparo — 
CHJs njiaaexBEifl BeiaecxBeHHua; npewexx xpexbaro — npoi^eccb 
njiaHexBufl. 

0U3UKU HOGmuoH omdfbMuie nepeoe. 

Cbjli BJiaHexHiifl neBemiecxBeBfliifl. FjiaBa 1. Cbjtu nja- 
HexBHfl BeBen^ecTBeHBHH b% JiBjeaiit. FjiaBa 2. Teopia CHjri 
njiaeexBuxi BeBen^ecxBeBBfiixi. 

0U3UKU Hocmnotl omdrbAeuie emopoe. 

CflJH nJLaBexEUfl Benj^ecxBeBHSB. FjiaBa 1. CiiJm njiaBex- 
BHH BeiuecxBeflBUfl Bii flBJiefliH. FjaBa 2. Teopifl cbjii njiaaex- 
HincL Be^ecTBeflHBixi. 



— 170 — 

0U3UKU Hacmno'A orndthMuie mpemte. 

npoiiecc^ njEaHeiu. FjiaBa 1. IIpor^eccB n^aHeTH BxsBJie- 
hIh. rjiasa 2. Teopifl nJcaHeTHaro apoi^ecca. 

9aeTb TpeTBfl. 
CuAU optauuHeckin. 

HasBaHieM'B ghjii opraHH^ecKnx'B osHanaK) ri cpejtCTea npn- 
poAH ^^'^fiCTByiontefi, sohmh ona noJibsyeTCJi bi npoHSBeieHiH op- 
raHHHecRHX'L ABjemS; xaKOBH opraHHiecBie npoi^eccu: 1 — pac- 
THTe;[E>Hiifl, 2 — acHBOTHufi, H 3 — HipoBiiS. BcjiiACTBie cero h 
f pexbK) nacTB <|)H3HKH uoji,pB,^jifbjiB¥) Ha TpH OTj^'i^JieHia: irpeAMeT's 
nepsaro — npoEjeccB pacTHTejBHHi, npej^MeTi Biaparo — iipoiiecc:^ 
atHBOTHiifl, jrpemGT'h Tpexfcaro— ^po^ecc^ MipoBHtf. 

0U3UKU optanuHecKoU omdfbMHie hepeoe. 

PacTHxejiBHnfi npoii;eccx. FMBa 1. PaexHTejiBBHfi npo- 
i](ecc:B B'B ABJieHiH. FjiaBa 2. Teopia paexHTe^BHaro npo- 
^ecca• 

0U3UKU optauwiecKOti omdn>Aeuie emopoe, 

^HBOXHEifi npoi^eoci. FjcaBa 1. oKHBoxHsifi npon^ecci B^ 
siBMeuiE. FjiaBa 2. Teopia ;RRB0XHar6 npoqecca. 

0usutm optmmecKotl orndthjienie mpemhe. 

MipoBHfi npo^eccB. FjaBa 1. MipoBufi npoQee<rB BXJiBie- 
hIh. FjiaBa 2. Teopia nipoBaro irpotiecca ^). 



Boxi Ha^epxame njana ^hbetkh, CHflxoe ex caMoro ea 
npeiMexa, hjih ocHOBtaHHoe Jaa joraqecEOM'B jtfbJieEm OHaro! Bs 



^)Ctp.30-'3o. HacTb TpeTbA ociajiacb eeHanHcaHHOiD^— tdjbiq) Bimasi. 



— 171 — 

aiy 4)opMy ctobtx jmaib bjoxhtb coAepacaHie, caMHJi CBi^e- 
sk, — B ^BSBRa, nepecTaB'b 6eitb pancoAieso, upeACxasnTx cHCTeMj. 

B% nojiBsy HanHHaioii^BX'B naAO^Ho pasp'feniHTfc Tpn CA'h^. 
Bonpoca: 

1. IIpeAJioseHHEifi niaH'B ^hsbbb ecxb jib iT0-HH6yAb 
HOBoe, HiB dTo ecTB njiaHi o6KLRHOBe^B£IB, no soeny pacao- 
laraioTCB Bcib ^hshbii? 

2« ECJTB dTOTK UJiaHl OTJTH^eBI* Oil np09BXl, TO ^TO BO 

OHOiiy Bx cocraB'E j^hbbbb Bofi^eTB HOBaro, ff csoJbBO ocra- 
HeTCfl CTaparo? 

3. ?T0 BunrpHBaeT'B aayRa oti njaaa? CxbeT'^jifl oneM^ 

TaSX MHOrO 3a60THTBCB ^)? 

Jl^jiB ptmeeifl nepaato Bospoca cji^AOBajto 6u npe^JioseHflEift 

nJtaH'B CpaBHBTB^ CB ApyTHMB, HO HX'B H'ikTX,-— *He Cb HiUT* B 

cpaBBHBaTB! KaBi b% HCTopis ^iiBBKH, Tasx B Bi Bypcaxx 
ea — xaoci pasHopoAHuxB CB'i^ieHiB: BM'JfccTO njaea bi bbxs 
JLafliB or;iaBj[eHifl! 9to noATBepsAaeTCJi paseMO'rpiHieii'B <|b8bb'b 
Jlenpe (cxp. 38), Bioma (cip. 39), FeU-lioccma^ IlyMe (crp. 40). 

Ha emopoa BonpocB Moatno OTB-fexHTb, hto cB'tienia Ha- 
y^HUfl npio6pi&TaK)TCfl B^BasiB, h ^obumb ohh no HOBOMy njiany 
ciaTb He Moryxx, ho hmx A*JaeTca cxporifl pa36op*B: nocxopoH- 
m BCBJiio^aioTCfl, a^nsBBa opranHqecRaH no npaBy BOBBpa- 
maetca. 

Kb, mpemiH Bonpoci. S^ame BOSHHsaext xor^a, Bor^ra 
njiaffb ocynoiecxBJiaeTca nocpe^cxBOMx Max^piajOBX. H CBtAenia 
caifH no ce6'& ne nayBa, n njoanx oAHB^B-^ne nayBa. HayBa 
6cTb cHcxeira CB'i^A^difi. RaBaajRe nojibsa ox's CBCx^MatH^ecBaro 
HSJoseHia? Ofioran^enie yna cB'lAeHiaMii ne cocxasjiaexx en^e 
Bcero, Hero naAJieoBBxi oxB^axb oxx BsyqeHia HtiyBi, ^ ^isi 
on HHXX nojibsyioxca. HayBH, oCpasoBas^ yM^,. ifeKTO ero 
Ha Bce cnocodHUM'B. jIh)ah, npomeAmie BypcB nayB'b, h cocxoflmie 

Cip. 36. 



172 



Ha CJijjR6i, He HMiioT'B HHorjia cjiyiaa npHJ[03BHTb cboh cbI- 
ji,eBm K'B A^jiy, ho npeBocxo^tflii ^po<[Hx^. O^pasosame ecn 
rjiaBH'Ifliiiafl nojiBsa h n.'bjih yqeHifl: CB'^Aenifl 8a6uBaioTCfl, o6pa- 
soBanie ocTaexcA naBcer^a ^). 

O6pa87ion].ifl cpeACTBa t^mi ^tMcTBHTejrsH'J^e^ ^'bu'h 6oJiie 
npHHapoBjeHEi rx naxyp'^ o6pa3yeMaro npe^Mera, yna, cyn^HOcn 
Koero cocTOHT'B Bi MHinjieHiH. HayRH Bcero Jiy^me BanpaBjiflK)rB 
ero, CyxyHH npe^^jiaraeMH bx CBcreiiaTHHecBOH'B nopnAB'i^, xaKi 
MaTeMaTHKa, JioreEa. Ymi, BeAOMuS nyxeMi CHCxeMEi, HaBEiRaeri, 
BacTpaHBaexcfl r'b npaBBJiBHOCTH h to^hocth, cjiobomx odpaayemcn. 

Hao6opoT'B, yuT>y o^peMeHfleiiuB 6e3i CHCxeHu, Kocwberh 
Bi npHBuqR']^ ;^%ficxBOBaxb 6e30x<iexHO , nenocJi'liOBaxejiBHO, 
ocxaexcji bi rpyGocxH. 3xo CRastiBaexcfl Aase Ha H^ROxopuxi 
y^eHUTh, Koxopse npa Bcefi o6uihphocxh cwb^miij — wb ^'^axi 
HenocjiiAOBaxej[Bflfi[ , b'b pasroBopaxi HeocHOBaxejBHn: hxb 
QOHaxifl H CB'^Aenia — yMcxBenHBiB xaoc:B! 

HxaRi njaHi bi HayR'b Heo6xoAHMi, h6o oxi Hero naysa 
o^eHB MHoro BEiHrpiiBaexi RaR^b bi o6pa30BaHiH yua, xaRi e 
Bi o6oranteHiH ero CB^^^eniflMH. H ^HSHRa 6oAie 6yjieTb yjto 
BJiexBopflXB CBoeny HasHa^eHijEO nayRH, ecjin 6yxexi hh'6xb ch- 
cxeMy H nJiani. 

Ox'b $h3hrh o6ii^eS uojiBsa ajisl o6pa30BaBifl yica otintaa 
CO BC^MH HayRaMQ. Ox'b HacxHofl^HSHRH nojBBa cocxoflx:B bi 
esi co;tepsaHiH, CB^AeHiflXi o CHJiaxi npepoAH, ncxoHHHR'ik ^e- 
BH^ecRaro Mipa. 9xh CB'b;(eHifl aaioxx Hani bobmoshocxb hsbjB' 
R%XB ce6i HBi Hero necM'ixHHfl Buvomf noxoMy hxo name 4>h* 
SH^ecRoe 6uxie Hepa3;(ij[BH0 cb $H3HHecRHMi nipoMX. YcBaHBaTB 
ace Hxx Bcero yAOfini^e no njiany. $B3HRa ex nxanoMi yxepsH- 
ea^xib 3a co6ok) Bci npeEMyn^ecxBa nayRs ^). 



Cip. 43. 
^) Cip. 46. 



173 



Jlfilfb OCHOeUbtH CUAbl. 

Teopifl naaioBa nocTpoeea na noHflxis ^eyx'L BsaHMOorpa- 
HHqHBaH)ii;HX'B Apyn Apyra chjii: pacmupumeMuoil u cotcuMa- 
meMHOii. IIoHflTie hxi bubo;jhtcji xaKx (§ 75). 

BemecTBO no yKasaeiK) onumnocmu ecxs H'feqTO nenponu- 
HoeMoe Bit npocTpancTB^. EuTb HcnpoHHi^aeMHMi> sea^iiT'L ompa- 
mxmh Bce nocxopoHHee, ycHJiaBaflCB rx BaeaxoM'B cofioro npocx- 
paacTBi pacmupumhCH: HenpoHHaaeMocxb ecxt cjii;icxBie pacnia- 
peeia hjih oxxopateHia. 3xo drbUcmeie npeAno^araexx npuHUuif^ 
j[ifiCTByK)myH) cuAy^ Koxopyio, no ea Ka^iecxBy, najio Ha3Baxi> 
pacuiupumeAhHom hjh ommopiameAbuojo (vis expansiva, s. re- 
pulsiva). 

EcJiH 6a Beo^ecxBO 6a;io xojibko odua pacmBpHxe.!iBHaH CHJia. 
TO OHO pascfeajiocB (5li b^ npocrpancTBt. iI,'bficxBHxej!LHoe ate coc- 
Toanie Beu^ecxBa (crymeHHaro, cataxaro bi npocxpaHCXB* h y;^ep- 
MBaeiaaro, .KaK'L ecxb) npejinojiaraexii dpyiym CHjy, Koxopafl, 
KaKx npomueonoAoofcuaH, oipanuHueaeim pacmapHxejibHyH). Ho 
eflAtficxBiio 3xy CHJiy (npHCyxcxBie Koefl Heo6xoAHMo no yKasa* 
HiK) onuxHOCXH) ^a;^o nasBaxb coicuMameAhuow hjh npumnza- 
meAhHOw (vis contractiva, s. attractiva). 

BemecxBO npa odnoU CHCHMaxeJibHoft ciiJ!i%, cryoiaacb ;^o Ces- 
KoneqHocxH, ocxajocb 6u cxpeMjeHieMx cocpejiOToq:HXbca. Ecjib 
«e BemecxBO HacaMOM'L jifkji^ casaxo xojibKo jio H3B'6cxHoft cxe- 
iieHH, xo, 3Ha^HXi, H catHMaxejibHaa CHJia orpaHHHCHa — chjiok> 
pacniHpHxeJibHOH). 

HxaKX, ecJiET pacmapHxejbHaa CH.ia, ycjroBjiHBaiomaa nenpo- 
BHi^aewocxb, asjaexca BemecxBOM^, ho He HBa^e, KaKx Oyjty^H 
orpaHE^ena chjiok) catHMaxejibHOH), xo BemecxBO ne ;^pyroe ^lo 
ecxB, saRi CHja pacrnHpsxeJibHaa h c;KHMaxeJibHaa, orpanHieH- 
BHa BsanMHO. 

3xH saMi^ania nocJiy^Kaxx HaMx uyxeBOAHOio naxbio m^ 
noEBMania BC'ix'b xeopifi IlaBJioea. 



Ilpe;^^a^aeMaH IlaBnoBBiMnb TeopiH Beiui;ecTBa 

(BMicT* ct Teopieio cBiia h TaasecTH). 

Beti^ecmeo^ no ynasaum onumnocmu^ ne dpyioe umo 
ecmhj nam cuau pacmupumeAbuaH u cotcuMameAhuan^ oipa- 
nuueuuuH eaauMuo] b'l BemecTB'£ cnjiu pacmnpHxejiBHafl h 

CoRHMaTeJIbHafl HaXO^^flTCH B% npHHV^^^eHHOM'B COCTOflHiH. Ho 

npHHyat;^eHi8 (orpaHHHeHie) ecxb pesy-nsTaTx: Heo6xo;iHMO eny npe^- 
nrecTBOBajo cocxoaHie CBo6oAHoe. mui> ate fiHjia 6h tow 
Kamwa CDJia? Bx orpaHHHeHHOcxH, CyAyiH BemecTBOMx, oh^ 
€Ba3aHH CB BpeMeHCMi H MtCTOM'L BT. npocxpaHCTB*; 6y;iyifl 
ffie CBo6o;^HHMH, oai ;iOj!i;KHH 6Bixb bh'6 axux^ ripe;^tJiOB'B ^). 

Bi 6e3npe;i;iJbHOMi upocxpancxBi (6e3x oupeA'hJieHHaro 
i^eaxpa) CHJia csBHaiaxejibHaa (i^eHxpocxpeMnxejibHafl) , 6yAy^u 
caMa cefii npejiocxaBJieHa, a c^HMaacb CesapenaxcxBeaHO ;^o 6e3- 
BOHe^HOCXH, Gujia 6bi hhmxo^ yHH^ixo^Kajia 6a. ce6fl bi sait^^ofi xo^kI. 

Czjra pacuiHpHxejibHafl pasc&fljiacb 6bi b'b npocxpaHCXB^ 
io Hyjia, ;i;o fiesKoeenHOCXH; ea y^acxb dbiJia Cm xa ate: hh^to- 
asecxBO. 

^M ofiinx'b CHJii ecxbjiiB'b KpafiHOCxa: HHHxoatecxBO (cocxoflHie 
€OBepmeHHOfi cbq6oau) h semecxBO (cocxosHie npiiHyaj^eHHoe). 
IlepBoe npe^mecxByexx Bxopowy; chjih $H3H«iecKaro Mipa mowm 
nepexoAHXb hbi sH^xoatecxBa bx dtaxie, a He HaoSopoxi. 



») Gip. 295. 



— 175 ~ 

BsaiiMHoe BjiiflHie (orpasH^efiie) ceji% coBpeHeHHO canoMy 
TBopeniio. IlepBoe ABeaseHie pacmnpaTejibHoS chjiu npH nepe- 
xoAi Bii 6uTie He mofjio 6uTb npoTBBHUMi ea Haxypi: BSfB 
Ka^jKofi To?RH npocTpancTBa (b'b 6esiipe;^ij[BHofi c^ep'ib i](eHTp'B 
eaxoAHTca bi Ras^ofl toh&%), saR^ bbi i^eHxpa, ycTpeM^sflflOb 
fix oRpysHOCTH^ OHa Be Morjia ne yBJteHB bi to sRe Bpena h 

CHkEMaxeJIbHOfi CBJIHr, ROTOpafl, nOROflCB B'B I^eHTpi, AOTOJI'J^ 

BH^TOsecTBOBajia ^). Ho npn BJiifleifl csflMaxeJibHofi CEJtu pac- 
mepnTejbHafl ee Morja y^Re pascJ^eBaTBCfl bi desRone^HOCTB^ 
saEx H o6paTHO, npe BJiiflHtB nocji'&AHeB na csHMaTOJEBHyK) 
CHJiy^ — csHMaxejiBHafl, cipeMflCb ri i^eeTpy, ho Morja csHMaTBCfl 
Ao 6e3R0He^H0CTH. Oh'6 He o6paii^kH)TCfl yse b% hhhto, ho h 
fie cocTaBJiaBOT'B eme Be^^ecTBa. 3to — cpe;^Hee cocToanie nanpn- 
otceuHocmu: TyTi Mipi Beni;ecTBefiHufi tojibro b'b bobmoshocth. 
06t CBJH, nepecTasaa xepaxBca B'b CesROHeHHOM'B, fixo^axi b'b 
npej^^jLbi npocxpaHCXBa h BpeMenH, cxanoBaxca npoxaseHHUMH fb 
nepBoifB n hsm'^&Prmhmh bo BXopoH'B. 3;^'6cb HaHHHaexca roc- 
noicxBO <|)opM'Bi^ fies'B Roxopofi HRHxo He Moasex'B 6hxb BO Bpe- 
MeHH H npocxpaHCXB']^, 3A'i^cb miKh 6B[xia ^enoMenajiBHaro, ho 
OHO en^e He aBjaexca. Eaas;^aa CHJia, eoie He coec'i^M'B orpaHHUBmfl 
;ipyri ;jpyra, npHHHMaex'B <|)0pMy, cooCpaano CBoefl naxypi. 
TaR'B RaRi i^eHxpi 6ujL'b bi Raa:;^o3 xo^Rt, xo bx dnoxy tbo- 
pesia A^axeJiBHOcxB AOJ^na 6ujia o6Bapya;nxbca BCio;^y: B'b 
Rax^ofi xo?R'6 npocxpaHCXBa nocj'J^AOBajio ^^BnseHie. ToHRa, 
JipodflCb RaR^Ei Ha mhosocxbo Apyrnxi, paBHOM'&pHO ;iBH:Ky- 
lAHxca no o;(HOMy eanpaBjieHiK) oxi i^oHxpa ri ORpyacnocxH, 
TOHKa, RaR6u B£ixo;ta hs'b ceCa, oCpasyexi c^epy. Boxii ^opua 
CBjiu pacinnpaxejibHOfi. Cjii^i'B ;i;Bnsyoiefica xo^rh ecxb Jtema; 
iHHia, npoxaaceHHaa oxx i^enxpa m> Cij^ept ri oRpy^HocxH, ecxB 
jyHB, pa^^iycB; jyHHCxocxB ecxb canufl ecxecxBCHHEift cnoco6ib npo- 
aB^enia chjih pacniHpHxeJKbHoa bi ea pasBHxiH ^). 



>) Gip. 297. 
^) Cip. 299. 



176 



KoTopafl Hsi csjii (|)i33H?ecRaro Mipa KM^exi dry ^^opny, 

EM^eTl npHSHEBH BeO^eCTBa (npOTflXHMOCTB u bsh'&phmoctl), He 

6y;^y9H hm'B? 9to — cetTi bx Jiy^axx CBiwuxt m bi> lenjioTi, 

KOTOpoft TOSeCTBO C% CB^TOMX ^^OBEBaBO (§ 52); OHl BBMeiOi 

CHJOK) cpeAofitatHOK), paciuHpHTejuhHOH). Ero CHMBOJix — jiyHeaap- 
Haa c4)epa, BiicTynaioii^afl hbx i^eHTpa MBomeciBOM'B jyqefi. 

Hao6opoT'L, CHja caiBMaTCJibHafl, BnBe;(eHHafl hbi cBoera 
HH^TomeCTBeHHaro noKoa, RaBi TO^Ba, HeBOJBHO yBJie^eHHafl 
caMa nsi ce6fl, xojimHa^ npHB^iTh 4>opMy cmHMaK)ii^eiica C({)epu^ 
CTpeMflu^eficfl ^pH;^TH bx ecxecTBeHHoe CBoe nojioateeie — Ghtb 
i^eHTpoM'B. Hs'B CBJ['B (|)03HqecBaro Mipa dxo T^xecTS. 6ceo6ii^ee 
TflroxiHie 3HaMeHyeTT> noBCiOAHoe ycHJiie cociaBHTL ojihhx r^eHxpi. 
TaaBecxfc ycKOJtsaex'B oxi qyBCXBx, He nwiex'L xaEHxx omyi*- 
xeJibHuxi npHsnaKOBi (|)eHOMeHajiLHaro (Juxifl, KaB-B CB'i^x^, ho 
oea npoxajEHMa bi npocxpaHcxB']^ (actio in distans) r HSBfLpBua 
BO BpeMeHH (yBejiHHHBaiomaacfl CEopocxB naAaiomnxt xijit ^). 

HxaBi CHJva pacmepHxejiBBafl bi cpe/THeMi cocxoflHie ecxB 
Cd/2»m3, a c^BMaxeJiBHaji b'b xomi me cocxohhi'h ecxB mHO/cecmh. 
Ilpn BsaHHOAMcxBis oS^hx'b chjix, BaasAuft jry^'B CBtxa AOJiH^en'B 
cryn^axBCfl, h npsxoM'B b'b paBHOfi cxeneHH, coo6pa3HO pasnuat 
BO B3aHMOorpaHH«ieHiR. FaBJinqie bi crynxeHia jyqeft hjib ea- 
npa^BeHHOCXR CBi^xa oqbixhocxb noRasBiBaex o na mHBOXHux'B (o ihr 
BBABXX xojiBKO j^HeMi, jipyrifl — jiHoiB HO«!Bio, xpexBH — H xaK^, 

B CflBT>). H HOHBaa XBMa eCXB CB'bX'B, XOJIBRO BSp'J^meHHHff: HO 

XBMa He ecxB oxcyxcxBie CBtxa: xeMHoxa CBiBaex-B pasjiH^Haa, a 
oxcyxcxBie, BaBx hh^xo, hg MOTKexi HMixb cxeneHcft h, naxoAflCB Bet 
npocxpaHCXBa h BpeweHH, He nojiJieatex'B qyBCXBawi; coBepmeH- 

HOft XBMH B'B npRpOA*]^ Htxi. He BBABMX X.e MU BO XBM^ BO- 

xoMy^ 9X0 no nameB opraeBsai^iR naMib xpe5yexcfl cb^tb 6oJiie 
HanpflKeBHBifl, 6ojiie cryn^enHufi, ^^ocxaxo^HO pa3;(paH;aK3miS 
Hamx opran'B sp'i^HiH. Ohuxhocxb noBasuBaexx, hxo cb'j^x'b aM 
cxBHxeJBHO cryn^aexca, Jy^x, oxeicHO ^a;^aK)l^ift bx BO^y, h<^ 



») Cip. 300. 



177 



npejciuflercfl, a qpeAneni ea bcmi Baacyicfl Buine; saaHHTx, 
ay^i coApaxBJCA, t. e. cryciHJiCfl. PasmEpjieMOCTB n cryu^ae- 
MOCTB CB'i&Ta BHAHa eme na pacxoAHHOcin jy^efi h co6iipaeMOCTa 
nxx Bi ^Rycx. BbahmbiS cb^ti ecTb jyni crymeeHufi; pac- 
rnHpesHEiS — Tbva. IlepexoA'B nesjiiy hhhh nocTeneHHuB, cic^cb 
TOro H 4pyroro, t. e. mnfum, II.B'feTx ecxb totx me cb4ti, ho 

BBAHUUS H HeBBABMBlfi BM^^CT'b, HJIH TeMHHfl, OCB^UieHHUfi CB'^T- 
iHM'B. U.B'^THUe jyHH AOJiaCHEl 6UTb nOjlBepseRH T^M^ »e 

caHuicb BaKOHaifB OTpaaceniH n npeiOMJeeiB, nas'B h CB-brjiBie; 
Bcjii paaiiocTb JuniB— ;B'B cxeneHH cryiAeHia. U^b^ti ecTb Jiyqi 

CBiTJblfl H TeMHUfi BU-J^CTi. 

* 

%5 ae Tasoe Teiurora? ^) 

EjiBfrcTBeHHoe jiBjeBie^ koiimi TenJOTa ce6fl o6HapysHBa- 
€TX, ecTB pacmflpeHie. Sea^HTX, TeiuoTa ecTb CHJia paciimpn- 
TejBHafl, TOTB jse CBirs. 9ca CHJia A'^tcTByerB co BCi^M'B cbohmi 
Moryn^ecTBOMi, Borjta ee hh^to ue cTtcHseTi. JlEHifl, bi koto- 
po8 paciHHpHTe.ibHafl c^jra SBJifleTCfl cb'I^toh'b, ecTB yme orpaHsi- 
Heeie eji cocropoHSi caju csvMaTejiBHOft. Ecjh TenjoxaecTB cb^ti, 
TO, sasi pacaiHpBTejiBHaH ceja, OHaMOserii ^(iifiCTBOBaTBCBOBM'L 
o6pa80Mx, TOJBSO Bor;[a paspyniHTCJi eA jflBefiHOCTB. I] A'i^S- 
CTBHTejiBHO, CB^^Ti rp'feeTi, jBmB repflfl cboh) JiHHeSHOCTb (qo- 
^JroI^eHie CB'&Ta). Jly^'B, npejEOMJieBHiift h OTpaseedBifl, nerpicTx; 
rpiers tojbro jjhi QO^JlOI^aeMBIff, t. e. Tepaioiiufi cbok) jb- 
neiSflocTB. Harp^Baaie ecTB pacmapeHie, oxxaasAenie ecxB c;KaTie. 
Harp^Baaie x'bii'B Hittex'B iiicxo xorjia, Korxa ohh norjiomaiOT'B 
cetx^. Cb^xx, xepafl XHHe8nyH) (f)opjiy, CBepraexi ct> ce6a ysBi, 
najiOHieHBBiJi HenpiflSBeHHOio cbjioh), xflsecxiio, h flBJiBexcfl bii 
nosBQMi jforym^ecTB'b. II^;ipiiBafl cbabb Ben^ecxBa (npoBSBeAeHie 
CBJBi esuicaxejiBHafi), oho^ sexBoi^aex'b ero bsi npeAiiJiOBi (j^opMBi, 
OTxopracxi otb i^eexpa, yjiexyqcBaexii (y«acBafl CHJia aapobB, 
Hanp.). 

*) €Tp. 304. 

12 



— 178 — 

HaoOopoTt, oxiaatAeme npoHCxoAHTi ot^ pasciaHia Ten- 
jiOTH Bx B0j^4 jiyqefi (rayonnement). PacinHpHxejibflafl cajia, 
KaKi cpe;i;o6i»Hafl, He MoaceTt ocTaBaibca bx HarpiTOMi itjii 
Cesx oco6eHHOtt npn^HBH. CJI'i;^ya CBoeny CTpeMJieniio ot-b ^eHTpa 
Kii OKpyatHOCTH, OHa ocTaBjaexx t'Jjio, pascieBaacb Bt bha* 
jiyqefi — bx jiHHefiHOfi $opMi (jiyHHCiaa TenJioia). IIpeAMeTHO, kskx 
Ht^TO caMOCToaxejibHoe, lenjioTa aBjaexca bx bha^ Jiyna. Jy- 
MHCxaa xenjioxa ecxB cb'j&x'l, nHor;ta BHjtHMufi, sBorAa HeBH^u- 
Mufi. 3xH Jiy^H npn oxpameeiH n npejiOMJieHiH noRopaH)TCfl, 
EaK b yRa3UBaK)X'b onuxn, x'j^mi me sasoHaM'B, KasuMi no;(Jie2Kan 
jyHH CBixjHe. H Bao6opoxB, jiyqH CBixjine, cofipaHHHe b'b (|)OKyci, 
npoasBo^naxx xo ace, qx6 a jyqacxaa xenJioxa. Chjth pacmape- 
xejibaaa a cmaiiaxejiBHaa, cxpenacB ro BsaaMHOMy orpaaaqeaiK) 
61 cocxoasia HanpaaceHHOCxa (RaR^ cb'J^x'b axaniecxB), j^ojijehbi 
6bi^a c6ji0jRaxBca. 3xo €6jrHmeHie, hobeeB man aospoaiAftion^eScfl 
Bce.ieHHOfl R'b ;^aj[BH«6ftnieMy pasaaxiK), osHaMeaoBaHo ocoCuh'b 
cocroaaieMx, Bcxpiqeio CB'i^xa cb xaaecxBBo; a caixx, a xaatecxs 
xepHH)xca, RaR'B bi xo^r*! 6e3pa3Jiaqia, b'b bxom'b nepBOHi 
jM Mipa (J)B3HqecRaro caHxesi npoxaBynoJomaocxefl, x. e. Bt 
oiHYb, Hixii eme Ben^ecxaa, aixii Mipa, aixx nopadomeaia o;?ho8 
CBjfKi jipyroH). 9x0 momchxi o^HOfi CopBSu, cJi4;icxBie Roefi a 
pesyjiBxax-B — coe^aaeHie CBixa a xaacecxa wh fiespaajraqaoe i^ijioe, 
bx eeu(,ecmeo, OroHb ecxB aen^ecxBO b'b npoHBBOABMOCxa, aeme- 
cxbo ecxB oroHB bx npoaBBej^eaia. npeA''feji'B Mipa caji-B a aipa 
Bea^ecxBeHHaro saaMeayexca oraeMi. CocxaajiaacB a paspyinaacB, 
BemecxBo ropaxx. ropinie ecxB nepBOo6pa3'B acfexx npoi^eccoBX 
<f)a30qecRaro Mipa ^). 

Ca^aMaxejiBaaa cajia, 6y;^yqa yBJieqeaa aax i^eaxpa wh ORpyac- 
Hocxb, ;ioji3KHa nocxoflHHO cxpeMaxBCa npaxxa b% ecxecxBeaaoe 
nojiosReaie — ofipaxaxbca wh n;eHxpx; pacmapaxaJBHaa jkc, aa- 



^) Grp. 308. 



— 179 — 
o5opoT'B, BJieROMafl K% E^eHTpy, CTpeiiHTCfl nocTOflHHo El oRpys- 

HOCTH. n09T0My BemCCTBO, KaEl B3aHMH0e OrpEHEqeHie oOiHX'B 
^javll, MOrJLO flBHTBCa TOJIBKO Bl J^ByXt npOTHBOnOJIOffiHtlXt Toq- 

Kax'B npocTpaHCTBa, bx neHipi h b'b OKpyatHOCTH, b^ r^eHTp-fe — 

e;iHHCTBeHHUMX, BX OKpyatHOCTfl ^MHOrOpaSJIHqHHM'B, EaKX Toro 

TpefiyeTt Haiypa ceHTpa h oRpyatHOCTH. TaKOBa h^jislh Bcejien- 
flaa, CesiHCJieHHOCTB cojiHeqHmx'B cncTeM-B, HecM^THoe noBTopeflie 
OAHofi H Tofi sBie (|)opM£i; TaEOBa Hanra coJiHe^Hafl CHCxeHa, r^'^ 
neHTpt — coJHE(e, OEpyatHOCTb — njianexu ^). 

TaasecTb, oTpameeib chjih c^HMaTejiBHofi, Ha^ajio tbmut, 
c6jHffiaacB c^ CBiiOMX, He Mor^a ne BosMyxHTB ero nepao- 
HanajiBHofi hhctoth. OroHB — nepBaa CTenenB noTeMHema CBixa; 
ero crymeHie ;i;o BeineciBa j^OBepmaeTi h ero noxeMHeHie. flBJionie 
BemecTBeHHaro wipa bx npocTpancTB'fe (npn qewx siacca Beine- 
<jTBa pasAiJiHJiacB na aenxpaJiBHyio h nepH(|)epHHecEyK)) ;j;ojiiKeo 
^BiJio conpoBOffivHaiBca MpaEOMx. ^Bx HanaJii coTBopa Bofb 
Be6o H seMJK), seMJia s&e 6'b HeBHAHMa h HeycipoeHa n XBMa 
BepBxy 6e3AHH". 

lIpoTHBonoJioaiHoe cxpeMJieHie ochobhhxi chjix (ex ii;eHxpy 
a KT> ospy;EHOCXH) He npespaxBjrocB h no pasA^wieniH Maccii 
Ben^ecTBa. IIoaxoMy Beu^ecxBO cojiHi^aecxBCBfJiapacinHpBxejLBHaay 
mi ORpyacHoexH yBJieqcHHaa bx njenxpi h xyxi saAepmaHnaa 
<iHJiOK) catyfMaxejuBHOK). BemecxBO njaHexti, naofiopoxx, ecxB CHJua 
CEHMaxeJiBHaa, oxxoprnyxaa oxx n;eHxpa ex ORpyatnocxH ns^iiJCb 
^ajiepmaHHaa pacrnHpHxeoiBHofi cujiofi. EaTRj^aa ne na CBoeni 
Micx-i: BemecxBo cojiHi^a cxpeMHXca pasBHXBca bx oKpyaKHOcxB, 
a Ben^ecxBO njanexH — cowEHyxBca bx meHxpx, h 8xa npoxHBO- 
noJiOHtHOCXB, 6e3x coMHiflia, coBpeMenHa XBopeniK). CojiHn;e h 
njaflexa oxHOcaxca weatAy co6oio, EaRx npoxHBonojioatHHe no- 
JiiocH Mipa. BaaHMHoe noJiapnoe j^iftcxBie ofinapyafHBaexca bx 
<J0JHin4 — nocxoaHHHMX ciaeieMX (npoaBJieHieMx pacmnpHxejiBHOtt 
chjh); bx njanexi — xflroxinieMX (npoaBJieHieMX catHMaxejiBHofi), 



') Gip. 309. 

1^. 



180 



CB^Tiy pasci^flBniifi upaB-L xaoca, pasBiucji noceMy hsx i^en- 
xpaJiBHaro T^Jia: nuisi HCTO^HHROifB Ben^ecTBO, ohi He Mors 
6uTB coBepmeHHo ^hcthmi. Cb^to, ROHifB osapjieTCfl h shbo- 
TBopHTca npHpoAd, TaKse pasBBBaeica ej^HHCiBeHHo hsi* Beii^e- 
€TBa H Tose noTeHHefli. 3aB0HBi npHpo;^H, BaBi Ha^epraHie 
Biico^flmeft npeHyApociH, aojishh 6£itb BcecoBepmeHHu h ne- 
npejosHU OTX caifofi b'j^^hocth. 

OSpasoBaeie Ben^ecTBa h flBJienie CB^Ta, HenexJeHHo sa 
HEMi nocji'lAOBaBinee^ npHHa;(jieaRaT'B oahoS anoxi TBopenui. 
„H peqe Bora: xft CyAeTi cb'j^t'b. — H 6hctb Beqepi h Chctb 
yipo, leHB e;iHH'B!" 

UTaBi* Beii](eCTBO octb cb^t^, cryn^eHHBifi h noTeHHeHHiift 
TflsecTiK) npa BsasHHOM'B hxi orpaHH^^eHin; caMiiS ase cb^tb 
ecTB CHja pacmapHTejiBHafl, aiflsecxB — CHjra csHMaiejiBHafl ^). 

UpuM. Ha CTp. 211 — 213 I-ofi nacTH (II h3A.) HasjiOBB 
nsjaraoT^B leopiio CB^ia „Hamero (|>n3HBa^ JLoMonocoea — no era 
^CjiOBy npoHcxos^^enis CBiTa** (1756 r.) h sasjEo^aeTi: ^saHi- 
qaxejiBHO, hto nps Bcefi rpy6ocTH B3^JflA0B^ JIomohocobx CTpe- 
MQjicfl Bi nojiHOMy oC'BeMy npeAMexa, qyBCTBOBaj['B noTpe6HOCTB 

OTBpBTTB Bl CB^T'^ He TOJIBBO apHHHHy BHAHMOCTH, HO TaSSSe npB- 

HHHy HB^THOCTH H Tcnjia, ^ero ntTx jwne h bx xeopia flfinapma. 
BM']bCT'l ex CHKi npHSHaxBCfl HaAo6HO, qxo Teopia JIoHOHocoBa 
no aeocHOBaiejiBHOCTH cBoefi h no cbash cb AjixEMieio ne ct6- 
HTX onpoBepKeaia" ^). 



^)Ctp. 311. 
») Cip. 214. 



— 181 — 
BB6ff6Hl6 (ro II naCTH). 

Rpyn x^flcTBifl chji^ nipoBUXi Heofi'saTeHi: i^tiaii Bce* 
jeHHan; Rpyn AiflcTsifl chjix n^iaHeTHHX'B orpaHHqeH'B: n^iaHeTa — 
Kanjui wb oReaHi. Ho nepeflTn oti o6ii^efl ^hshru ri nacTHoft 
BOBce He sHa^HTX nepellTH oti Tpy^HMniaro ri jier^afimeMy. 
Taiii, Bi ofijiacTH o6n^aro, A^flTejBHOcrb npHpoAU eii^e nanep- 
Bo8 CT^neHH pasBHTifl h o6HapysHBaeTCir bo Bceit npocxoi'b. 
TasflCTfleBHafl ufmpoMfik o^MSJia ochobiua cboh cijici {caAmj 
TflsecTb H oroHb, T. e. Ben^ecTBo na CTeneHH npoHSBOAHMOCTH) 
en^e tohrbhi noRpoBOMi. 3f,^Cbj vh o6iacTH qacTHaro, npHpo^a 
oSHapyjKHBaeT'E 6oji1^e cjiomEjio x'^flxeibHOCTb — na CTyneBH 
j(ajiBHiSniaro pasBHiifl. UpaB^^a, h s^^'bcb iiti bh/chhi jcbfiCTBie 
iftx'b ase CHJi pacniHpHTe^ibHofl h csRHvaTejibHOfi bi hx'e 6opb6i&: 
nocTOflHHoe bi Rpyry njanexH HsnesaHie oxHHXi ABJieHifi n bos- 
HHRHOBeHie j^pyrHXx, RaRi universalisatio-^pacmEpeHie, cipeM- 
Jienie cjunrhcsi Ch o6m0H'B, h individualisatio — caRaiie, cxpeM- 
JCHie o6oco6HTbCH. Ho 6jHsafiniHMH jcbflTe^fliiH, npHBOAfliA^MH 
Bi 'j^BHseeie seHHoe BeI^ectB6| ^ladtitaioTCfl, cioxHofi cxopoHu, 
^jreRTpHHecTBO, iiarHHTHSM'B H rajBaikHsifB (ce^^u nMuemuuH 
Meeu^ecmeemuH)^ cb xpyroi (ez^^u n4a^9?iM6fa eeu^cmeenuuH) 
Bosxyx'b, iiaTepHRx n Bo;(a — h coBORynnoe HX'b jcbflCTBie: 9?^a- 
nemuuu npoiiecch. UpnTOMi ace bi A^IICTBiH njiaHeTHEix'b chji'b 
yiacTByEOTi* n iiipoBUfl chjih. ^ocmnaH ^^HSHRa saHSMaeTca 
pimemeH'B BonpocoBx, cyxb jlvl njaHeTHUfl cnxu — hobeia npoas- 

BexeHifl HJH TOJBRO BkxOnskiHeHifl OCHOBHHX'b, MipOBBXl CHix, 

sasifl Rasxaa HM^eix CBOficTBa, h no RaRSMi saROHaHi a^^B- 
<^ByeTi. Coo6pa3HO xpojiROMy pasjHHiK) npe^Mexa, oea no^pav 
JliiJiexcfl Ha xpn oxA^jroHifl ^). 



M Ctp. 3-^5. 



Teoplflc CBoiTi njiaHeTHHX'B Hesei^ecTBeHHUxnb. 



* • 1 I 

yqenoe npenie ecxB ropHHJio hcthhh; hoa'b samHioK) SToro 
no;i02ieHiH IlaBJioBx j^uoA^ei'h cboS rojiocx, noABepraa ero cy^y 
dAatouaMfbpeunuxb MHCJiHTeJiefi" ^). 

BemecTBO ecTs cyficipaTi Bcixi A*2cTBifi ^pBpo;^lI h 
o6ii;ee BH'IcTfljiHii^e bc^xx ea A^fliejefl; noceMy Teopia Beo^ecTBa 
;iojiSHa 6uTB o6ii;eK), ochobaoio, a bc^^ npoiia (bx ecTecTBen- 
uHxi HayKaxi) aojxhh 6£itb ca cjii^CTBieMi. Ecj[h Beu^ecTBO ^) 
€CTB CB^Tx, DOTeMHeHHHfi MaecTbH), HJH noracfflifi OrOHb^ 
CBiT'b se — paciDHpHTejiBHafl, TaasecTB — c»HHaTejiBHaa chjh, 
oroHB— coBOKynHoe ;^48cTBie ofiiexx, — Tor^a. Bce, ht5 bctb bi 
sen^ecTBl^, n ht5 bbi eero paBBHBaeicfl, j^oateleo Chtb jiH6a 

€8*611, Jin60 TflflieCTB, .11060 OFOHB, BHAOHSH'iHeHHUe, HJIE BB 

HacTOfln^eMx bh;^'^ cBoeHtB; ho BHioiiSM'ikHeHie HeoTM^HHO hocbtb 
ne^aTB nepBOoSpasa. Beii](ecTBO ecTB hctohhhr'b ajeRTpHqecTBa, 
xarHHTRBBAa H rajTBaHEBHa. Cji^AOBaxejibHO, /o^Ha hsx sthxi cbjb 
AOJiacHa 611TB BHj^OHSM'I^HeHie^i CB'i&Ta, Apyraa — TflsecTH, ipexBA — 

OrHfl. OCHOBBBIfl CBJIII MOryi'B 6hTB ySHaHH B:B BBAOflSU^BeHiflX'B 
no OTJB^HTeJlBHIIM'B CBOfiCTBaifB ^}. 



Cxp. 285, §216. .leHi^i (cp. HHse, cip. 191 h cjitA.)» BtpofliHO, ic- 

KJK)HeH'K H31> HXB HHCJia. 

2) Cm. Bume, crp. 178. 
«) Crp. 286. 



— 183 — 

nepBHS CETHTesL npoTflBonojroacHOCTeS (pacmnpHTejibHoS vl 
cxHicaTeJbHOft chix Bi hvijifb catia h TflsecTs) bi nipt ({)HdH- 
HecKOMi ecTB oroHb. 3ji!bch nirh ewfi nojiHaro nopa^ou^eHifl. 
CboSctbo pacmHpHTejbHOft chjiii, Kor^a ona flBj^eiCfl CBtiOM^, — 
cpeAo6tsBocTb, pacmepHMOCTb, pacxopraeMOCib, o6ii;HOCTb; cboS- 
CTBO CHJiii caRHMaiejibHofi, flBJiiiioii^eitcfl TASEecibK), — cpeAOcrpe- 
HHiejbHOCTb, csHMaiejibHOCTb^ orpaHH^eHHociby oco6HOCTb; cBolf- 
CTBo orHji — pacTopraeMOCTb h orpaHaqeHHOctb, bicIct']^ h o6ia- 

HOCTS, H OCO^HOCTB. PyROBOACTSyflCb dTBMH yRaSaxeJUIMH, HeJIb3fl 

He npHSHaib bi* aiesTpHqecTBt CBixa, hjih cou pacamptnejibHofi^ 
n MarHHTHSM*! laaiecTH, hjih chjh csRHMaTeiLHoS, bt» raji- 
BasBSMt — ovBBj HJiH CHJiu pacmBpHxejibHofi H caiHMaxejiBHoS B^ 
coBosyiiHOCxa, x. e. BAiicxb chjiii paspymaxeJbHoB eroSpasoBa- 

TCJIbHOS *). 

CBtxi ecxb npoflBienie chau pasmnpaxejibHofi, eo^e eeor- 
paHuqeHHofi; ajeRxpHqecxBO ecxb xoxx me cb'j^ti, cx'^ceeHHufi b'b 
npe;i;4jiax'B cHJibHifiuiaro orpaHaqeHia; oxx ycHJia pacxopreyxb 
ysu ^('i^ficxBifl ero 6ypHU h nopbTBHCXbi, xaR'B nosasuBaiox'b ouuxm. 
djeKxpaqecxBO CB'ixnxx. Bx ajesxpHqecxB^ CB']bx'b He co^cepmaxcfl, 
H dJieRTpaqecxBO ne ecxb CB'^x'b b'b Hacxoaij^eH'B bha'I^; ho oho 
paspimaexcji, nepexo^^ax'B bi cB'&x:b. He ABHoe Jiaaxo yRasanie 
Ha ero ^poHCXomJ^eHie ox^ CBixa? *)• 

Bet CBOficxBa xflSRecia ^) oxpamaiOTCfl a na MarHHTHSMJ^. 
Onuxu naA'B uarHEXHSMOifb bi 6ojibniHX'b Bucoxaxi (na aapo- 
ciaxt) noRasuBaioxi, qxo pas^'bjieHie dJieRxpH^ecxBa h MarHHTB3Ma 
BiRpyry uamefi njianexii apoxHBonojoacRo: nepBoe Bospacxaexi 
no Mtp'6 y;^aj[eaifl oxi i^eHxpa, BxopoB, naapoxasx, — ao Mtp6 
yj^ajeaifl ox'b oRpysBOCxa; xaM'B pasnaxie (evolutio), SA^cb com- 
KHyxocxb (involutio); xaM'B cpeAoO'i&SHOCXb, s^^'i^cb cpeAOCxpeMa- 
TeibHocxb. dJteRxpaqecxBO a MaraaxasM'B npoxaBonoJioncBH, RaR'b 



>) Cxp. 288. 
«) Crp. 289. 
•) Cp. Bume, crp. 176. 



— 184 — 

ceiT'B R Tfla:ecTt>, RaR'B ceau pacmHpHTejBHafl h caciTKaTejrbHaH. 
A $ii3URH-MexaHHKii BOo6pa»aR)rE' ce($%, hto ohh jiiaafOTh bes^ 
Hiitl mar'B &*& Hay&t, j^onTCsafl rosecTBO ajteBTpnHeoTBa h Ma^ 

HHTHSMa ^). 

FajiBaHitSMi, odaappcHBaflCB ajieirrpEsrecTBOH'B nuarHHTHS- 

MOMX (§ 206), JMLK% dJeSTpO^UarHBTHSMl, eCT5 Bff^^HMOe nOBTO- 

penie nepBOHaqaJUBHaro CHBTesa npoTHBonajioxHocteft; ^iHcrtBiB 
coKBHyTOfi raiBaHH^ecBoB i^'baH noBasuBafOTi nocTOAHHoe ropi- 
nie^ HenpepiiBHHB xnuEzwh] BBii^OBSH^BeHie orflfl ex oeasaTejib- 
HUMB npBSBaKaHB cBoero nepBOoSpasa '). 

HTaB'B— CBJiauB BJiaBeTBHHB HeBen^ecTBeHHHirfl npoBBJji- 
lOTCfl CHJu uipoBHH Ha BTopofl CTyneHB CBoero orpaBB^eHifl, a 

BMeHBO: aJieBTpBHeCTBOMl — CBin, uarBHTH8MOM'B-^Tfi3BeCT&, r&Ji- 
BaBBSMOMX— OrOBB B^IH BeO^eCTBO BX npOHSBO^^BMOCTB. 



Cip. 290. 
•) Crp. 291. 



TeoplH CHjinb njianeTHBix^ Beiii;ecTBeHHBix^. 



BeiAecTBo ecxL CB'ibT'B, cryn^eHBuft TflxecTiio, — apaBsaau* 
HOMs MX% orpaHH^efiiH. OrpaHBHeeie bosmosho jmmh TpoflBoe: 
1) poBHoe BJSH 2) H 3) CB npeo6jiaji;aHieM% oxeuhvo hs'b o6ohxx 
Ha^ajii. B% o;(Hofi hsx seHHiix'B CTHxifi CB'bTi h TaasecTb xojishu 
Ohtl Bi paBBOB'iciE, Bi ApypoB j^ojasHO 6uth npeo6jiaAaHie CB'^ia, 
BiTpeiBefi — npeo6jra;iaflie TJiarecTH. OfiparHHCB s!b A^flcTBHTenL- 

BOCTH AJIfl nOBiipBH BUBO^a c% caMOK) npHpoAOK). ^) 

HiiaHeta, oOBTaeMaa HaKH, TpoHcTBeHaa: ea cocTaBHUA ^a* 
CTE — Bosjiyxx, zeuM H BOAa. TpoScTBeHHOCTb orpaHHqeeifl na- 
ioj(BTCfl Bi A^ficTBHiejibHOCTH. Ci* nepsaro Bsrjifl^^a buboa'b on- 

SeMHUfl CTHxin BCJi'^ACXBie ocHOBBoro Ha4a;ia ]i,ojix,eu 6un 

BaJlOBSM'l^BeBiflM H . CB^ra H TflaceCTH B'B C^ep'fe JtMCTBHTeJbHarO 

Hxx orpaBHqeBifl . BH;(0H3M'feHeflifl neoTMinHO bocati na 
CQoi nenaTb cbohxx nepBOoopasoBT* (cp. Bume, cxp. 182). Cjii- 
AOsaTejibHO, ecTb H apia;iBHBa BHXb j^m BHXOAa ass npexcxo- 
fliAaro Jia6HpHHTa. 

OTJiEHEiejihEoe CBOflcTBO Bos^^jxa — caiiopacniflpfleMOCTb 
(§ 220), J^4HcTBie — 3ECneHTpHqecKoe jiaBJcenie (§ 226).3to— aBHHe 
npHBflaBH rocno^ccTBa chjiu pacmupHTejibHofi. OuH^Hxejibfloe CBofi- 



M Cxp. 353, S 247 



— 186 — 

CTBO seMJH — caiioc^LHMaeMOCTb (§ 236), ji^McTsie — BcacHsaHie 
BeniecTB'B nocTopoHHBX'B (§ 240) cb ynjiOTeeHieHi^ h Aase HHor;ia 
Ch OTBepAiHieMi hxi. Sjifbch bh^bo npeo6jia;i[aHie chjiu cmiaMa- 
TejiLHoS. Bx BOjifk pacinHpesie h osaTie ypaBHOB'j^meHu, EaE^ 
noRasuBaioT'B ea EanejBHOCTB (§ 242), yj(o6o;(BiiacHMOCTB h cno- 
coChoctb pacTBopaTB B'B ceSi nocTopoHHia BemecTBa (§ 246); 
SA'^^CB CHJiii pacmHpHTeJVBHaH H csHMaiejiBHafl — bx paseoMi or- 
paHHHeHiH ^). 

3eMH£ifl CTHxiH js^ojisREU 6ui!h OTneHaiRaMH cbohx'b nepso- 
odpasoBi. BosAyxx npospa^ieHi, scmjia leMHa, BOj^a uoj[ynpo3- 
paHHa: BOTi OTHomenie CTHxifi seMHuxi RicB'i^Ty. Bos^iyx'B Jierqe 
BOABT H seHJiH, seMJifl Tflfliieji']^ BOAH H fiOBj^yxa, Bo;ia no yA^JB- 
HOMy B^cy 3aHHMaeT(B cpe^^HBy nesL^y BOSAyxoui h seiiJiefi. Bots 
OTHomeHie hx% k:b xflsecxH! IIpo^paHHOCTB .h JierROCTB Bos^tyxa h& 
cjLyxaxi j[H yRasaiejiflMH npeo6jiaAaHifl bi HeMi CB^xa naAx xa- 
»ecxLK), nenpoapaHHOCXB . H oxu^HHaa b'j^comocxb seMJin Heo6Ha- 
py^HBaexx jih npeo^jiaj^aHia bi nefi xaacecxa aaA'B cb'I^xom'b? A 
Bojta npE CBoefi nojiynpo^pa^HOCXH h cpeAHeMii y^iJibBOM'B Bidk 
He npejtCTaBiEflex^B jlh paBencxBa orpaHEHeHia BineficBixa Hxa- 
atecxE? 

TaR'B — seMHiia cxexIe wl cyn^HOCxE CBoeB uoji^oCnUy 
EME nppaBJflH)xca ri me caMu^i nipoBua cejiu: cb'Ix'b n xaacecxb^ 
TOJEBRO B'B Ra»Aofl oco6uMx o6pa30Mi orpaHE?eHHiia. Bosjtyx^ 
ecxB CBiiB, crymeHBBifi m noxeMHCHHEift xaatecxBio ex nepeBi- 
COM! na cxopQHi nepBaro, xaRx hxo crymenie ero ne nepenuo 
3a npe^^^Jiu Jiexy'^ecxE, a lioxeMseHie ocxaeoBEJiocb na npospan- 
HOCXE. 3eMJia ecxb xa^ecxB, nopafioxHBiiiaa ce6'b cb^xx coeep- 
meHHO, xaR'B qxo cryn^enie ero AOBe^teeo bb sefl ao sbohrgcxe, 
a noxeMHenie ao HenpospaiHOCXH. Bona ecxB cb*xi b xaaecxb^ 
B'B paBBOMx orpaHE^eHiB: axo— noracmifl opohb. Bo^a no oxBome^ 



"f Crp; 554; 3S^. 



— 187 — 

eilO Bl nJIOTHOCTH H npOSpaHHOCTH MeSAY BOSAyXOMl H 8€MJ[eH> 

npe^lCTaMfleTx cpe^^HHy. Bo;(a h bx HamHX'L Jia6opaTopiflX'L ecxb 
CHHiesi Ha^ajx rop'iHiii: cosHraioiiiaro u coasHracMaro, shcjio- 
poia HBo^opojia. UpDnycTHTe CRBOSb CM'ibcb ainxii abjx'b rasoBi 
ajeKipiqecRyH) Hcspy: CHicb BcnuxHexi; n bu noiiyHHTe BOAy 0* 
CB^fai'b H TflsecTb, 6yAyHH Bcer^^a Bipeu CBoefl eaTypib, He- 
o6xoAHMO AOiSHU nopuBaTbCfl nepefixH hsi CTOJb npHHy2s;(eH- 
Haro cocTOiiHifl (Rorxa ohh npoBB^aioTCfl seMHEiMH cthxibhh) b'b 
nepBo5£iTHoe, CBo6oAHoe, — hsi o6jiacTn noTeMHeHia, oinaAeHifl bos- 
BEicHTbCfl AO nepBOotfpasoB'E. OnHTHOCTb H yRasuBaexx naiii ea 
Tasifl noniixRH: nopuBi BOSAyxa nepefixe bx cb^xi {Bosj^ymnoe 
ajiesTpHHecxBo), nopuB'B deunz nepefixH bi xiimecxB (seHHOfi na- 
rHHTEBMx), nopuBi BOAU nepefixH b'b oroHs — rajBannsMi; oseaH'B 
ecTb BcerAauiHflH citena ecxecxBeHHaro raoEBaHHSJca (caMoycjOB- 
Boe o6pa30BaHie cojefl b% uopaTh^ caiibie hx'^ npHJHBH n ox-^ 

3A'icB MoaiHO AOCRasaxjb o cHJiaxi njraHexHux'B HeBen^ecxBee- 

• 

Hux'B xo^ ?x6 6hiJL0 6hL HenoHflXHO Bx HX1* xeopiH. IIoxeMHeHie cB'i^xa ^ 
oSpasoBaHieM'B cxaxiB seMHUxi, h npeHMyiiiecxBeBHO, seifJiH jio- 
Bei(eHo AO RpafiHOCXH. Bi AaJiBB'&fiaiPJii pasBaxin npapoABi beaho 
efl ycHjie oxBjeqscfl oxi Ben^ecxBa. dJieRxpEHecxBO, MarHEXHsifB 
H raiiBaBSBMi ee cocxaBJ[flH)X'B cxyneoH npn nepexoA'i^ CB'i^xa^ 
lasecxH B orna bi Ben^ecxBO, ho cyxb nepBaa cxyneeb oxBJie- 
Heeifl. SLBJienie hxi b'b cocxast njianexBi sHaifeHyex'L BOSBpax- 
But man .npHpoAu, nopHBi mi> rjiydsHH naAenifl npoxopr- 
HvxbCfl Ri CBtxy. OcxajibHoe o npepoA'i^ oxBJieEaion^eScfl AOJatea 
6uja CEasaxb opianuHecHas $B3BRa, Roxopaa He Bunua bi cb^x^b 
(cB. BHDie, cxp. 170). 



Crp. 3S6. 
») Crp. 357 



TeopiH imaH6THaro npouecca. 



Bosxyxi HseHJifl B0Be6xi OTHomeHiflxi, cji'lAOBaTaiMO, h 
Vb A'ificTBiflxx — npoTHBonoiioxHEi. ^sa npoTHBonojioflrBiifl a^Act- 

Bifl 06£IRHOBeHH0 TCpfliOTCfl BX CpeAHeMl. IIpB BSaHMBOH'B X^fiCT- 

BiH Bos^yxa H 3CMJIH cqeHOK) Hxi cpe^Hflro A'^ttcrBia aojltbmsl 
6HTb BO^a, saoHiiaioiitafl ue»Ay bhmr cpexHHy ^). 

9t6 AificTByeTi, to HMier'B cnoco6HocTb A'i^fiCTBOBaTB. Cuo- 
<;o6hoctb A'6ficTB0BaTB HasuBaeTCfl A'^^flTejBHOCTBK). noRasaTe^iB 
HaflpflsraHofi-A^flTejiBHocTH BosAyxa — BosAymnoe aieftTpu^ecTBO, 
seMJiH — seMHOfi MarHHTHdMi. IIoBasaTejiH laxse b'b npoxuBonoios- 
hocth: Bor^a oabhi BospacxaeTi, ApyroS cjiatfierB, h Hao6opon. 
nepioAH^HOCTB (§ 233) fiapoHexpa coBnaAaei'B ex nepiOAH^nocTBio 
Bos^yniHaro ajreBTpHHecTBa n HarHBTHSHa, ci nepBofi corjacyacB^ 
nocj'fejHeS npOTHBonojiaraflCB. B'b to BpesiH, Bax-B * HSMiHseTCfl 

Jf&flXeJnBHOCTB BOS^yxa H SCMJIH, HSM^HJieTCfl H COCTOflHie aTMO- 

€4>6pH; Bor^a BOdpacxaeri HanpaseHHOCXB Bosxyxa, xoJiaBHoyBe- 
jiHqnxBCfl H ero xaBJiesie, 3aBHCi[ii;ee oxi caMopacmHpBKocTH. Ba- 
poMexpi fl BosxyuiHBiS ajiesxpoMexpi aojishu eaxoAHTBCfl bx co- 
OTHomeHiH. Boxx AHHaMHqecBoe oSiflCHesie nepeM'bH'B 6apoHexpa: 



•) Ctp. 364, §249. 



189 



owk sHaHeHjioTi nsMl^HeHiH 61 HanpaaceHBocTH Bos^iyxa, a Be bi^ 
waecTH ^). 

Cpe^Hee, bi ^esii a^esTpHqecTBO h HarHHinsM'B Tep^noicfl^ 
ecTb raiBaHHSifB. IIoceHy cpe;^Hee ji'lfiCTBie npoTHBonoj[oa(Hux'& 
CTHxifl sejcHuxi, BOSAyxa n seMjii, tiojitrbo osHaneHOBaTbCfl raj- 
BaHESMOM'B, H ci^eHOH) ero JS.OA7RB9L 6uTb BO^^a (cp. BEime^ 
cxp. 187). 

BoJibTa, cociaBJiflfl rajBaHH^ecRyH) u,iub^ ne cotbophjh ra;i- 
BaoHSMa. FaJiBaHHdM'B OTRpiiTi, He naoOp'ibTeH'B, h RaBi> oispu- 
Tie, a He Hso^p'^bTeeie, jiojiReHi 6£iTb bi npHpo;^^. r;(t coejiH- 
HflioTCfl ABa B036yAtiTejiJi h oahh^ npoBo;^HHBx, raifx AOJisseH'B 
flMi^Tb M']bCTO H rajBaHHqecRifi npoi^ecci. IIjiaHeTa, Kani cobo- 
KynHocTB BosAyxa, seMJiH e bojiu, ecTi> xaRoe q'^joe: bosajxi q 
seHjfl (Rasi pasHopoAHibfluiifl T'ibja) — B036yAHTej[H, a BOAa — npo- 
BOAHHSi. CjiJ^AOBaxejibHO, njaneTa ecxb rajiBaHH4ecRafl i^^nb, ycT- 
poeHHafl caMOH) npHpoAOto, a A'bnb, cociaBjieHHafl BojibTOio, — cjiy- 
^aBflafl Ch nes Roaiji. IIpH ceui h ecTecTBeBHuS raJiBaHBSM'BHe- 
ofixoAHux 61 HJiaHeTt. jQljpyrHMH cjvoBaMH, npoi^eccB nJiaHeTHuff 
ecTb npoi^ecci rajBaHHHecBiS ^). 

06pa30BaHieM'B njaneTu ooTeifHeHie CB'^Ta AOBexeHO ao 
KpaffHOCTH (§ 247). TyT'B xojibRO ycTanoBHJiacb BsaHMHaa na- 
npascHHOCTb iie»Ay BosAyxonx n seMjreK), h npoHsomjio nanajo 
OTfije^enifl oti BeiueciBa, t. e. Ha4ajo raJiBaHHBMa njiaHexHaro. 
KaRi nopuBi seMHEix'b CTBxifl nepeSxH bx oepBoodpasu ocho- 
BaHi Ha caMoB naxyp'^b CBOeB h AOJizReHi 6£iTb nocxoiiHeH'b^ 
TaRx H rajiBaHHBM'L njaHexHuB nenpepuBeHX. JljtBcxBifl coMRey- 
Tofi raJiBaHHqecROfl i^tnH: nocxoBHHoe ABJieHie ajreRxpHqecxBa h uar- 
HHXHSua, BenpepfiiBHoe ORecjenie b pacRncjieHie, Bcer^ainHee paspy- 
meHie BeqecTBa cxaparo h oCpasoBaHie HOBaro npe pasBExis xea- 
JLOTUj EHOr^a xenjioxu b CB'lxa bm^cx^. n^ranexa B^ i^'^jiocxh xaROsa: 



») Ctp. 365. 

«) Crp. 366. 



— 190 — 

coBOKynnocTb ea HBJieHifi ecTb HenpepHBHufi xemhsmx, nocTO- 
aHHoe ropiflie. 

roptHie tfuBaeTX jiByx'h poAOBx: cb paspymeHieMX (|)opMH 
ropamaro, h c% yAep^aHieM'L ea. DociijiBee roptHie ecxb aes- 
HeHHoe. TaKOBO rop'fcHie njianeTu. npoH3Bo;i;HMOCTb Boa^yxa 
(§ 223), aeMJTH (§ 224) h Bo;tKi (§ 243) cyTs npaBHaEn 3bh3- 

HeHHOCTH ^). 

UrsLKiy raj[BaHH3M'B QjiaHeTHLifi ecTB aBJieeie mmsBz CTHxii 

SeMHHXt ^). 

BoT-L BacToamaa TO^na sp'feuia jwa pascMaipHBaHia aB-iemS 
njiaHeTHBrxi)! OTCio;i;a bh^ho, no4eMy MexaHH^ecKia noHaiia o 
npHpo;i'fe HeopranaqecKOfl npoTHBopiqaTx onuTHOCTn. 



^) Cip. 301. *Bo3ayxi npH BceraamRei! flaMtHfleMoxJiH ero semecTBa 
ocTaeicfl nocTOHHHo oflHHaKOBUMi, paapymaeiCH h cocTaBJiaeTCH. Cbohctbo no- 
CTOflBOO HSMtHHTbCH H ocTaBaTbCfl Bcer^a T-feMi ace HaauBaio npouaeoduMomhw 
CBOHCTBO He TOJiBKO 6i>iTb (esBC), HO H npoHSBOAHThCfl (fieri)*.... 

*) Cip. 367. 



• I 



Mu HSJioffiH.iB TeopeTH^ecKifl rjiaeLi „$h3bbh" naB.90Ba, — 
ero ;Re CJOBaMH, He onycTHBuiH hhoahoS cbojibro-hhSyjil Bamnofi 
ero HaTyp({)EJ[OCO({)CROfi mucjib. OcTaexcH Jiomb oT^^aib noJEHyio ;(aHB 
npH3BaHifl 6j[ecTfliueMy ctbjeo, BiipasBTejBHOCTH fl3UEa, CTporocTH 
H nocJitAOBaTeJiBHOCTB npoBeAeeifl. Cjiobom/b, ^^exaJiBHoe HSJioxe- 
Bie co^BHeHifl UaBJiOBa RaB'B HeJibSfl Coj^e y6']&aK;^aeT'B sacL bx 
TOMi, qTO noxBajiEi, ctojb o6H.ibBO pacTO^aeMHfl eMy, 6£ijih 
BnoiHi 3acjiy^eQU. Ci joPBHecBofi h (I)Bjioco$cfiofi cxopoHH 
coMBHeHie IlaBjroBa eesyKopBSHeHHO, ocTaBJiaa b'b ciopoH*, pa- 
3yMieTcxr, o6n^yio TO^Ky spiHia, inejiJiBHroBO HanpaBjenie, ESi,]i,i> 

BOTOpUMX BCTOpifl ySRB npOB3H€CJia CBOfi cyA'B. 

Ho Bji^ich ecTeCTBeHHO Hapoat^aeTca jcpyrofi Bonpoci. Bjie- 
CTJin^aa no sanucjiy h BunojiHeHiH) c^ $opMaj[BHO-Jiorn?ecsoit 
CTopoHcr, yAOBJieTBopflja jb „4»B3HRa^ IlasjiOBa bc^mx Tpe6oBa- 
HiflMx COBpeMeHHaro eS snaHifl? nepe;iaBajmiB IlaBJioBi cbobmi 
iiiymaTejiaMi „nocJi4AHee cjobo Hayan", h ctoajixjih oh% caMx 

B'B H3JipabeHiB (|)B3B9eCKBXX flBJieaiit (HesaBBCHMO OT^b Od'bflCHfllO- 

n^ett BXi xeopia) Ha beicot^ Tor;^ainHBX'B BHaHifi, BBipaCoxaH- 
Hax-b Kx TOMy BpeMeHH tohhoh), BKcnepHMeHTajibHOK) HayKOH)? 
^naBOMx JIB dbuii ohi cx pe3yj[bTaTaMB coBpeiieHHoS esiy 
^onHTBOCTH** (aMHHpiB) B He Horp'fefflaji'B JOB OHX npoTBBx flea? 
EjiaronpiflTHHft cjiyqafi ;^Jifl pimeHifl axoro Bonpoca npe^- 
CTaBjflex'b nojieMBRa naB.iOBa (B3'b-3a „$b8hrb") cl JlenmMz^ 

0;iHBMX EWh CB'J^XBJI'L aRCflepBMeHXaJbHOfi HayRH. I XOMl „$B- 

aHRB** ^o;^Bep^ca co cxopoHu JleHi^a 6e3aon^a;i;Ho*»ecxoRoft 
spBXHRt. npHHBBiafl Bx pa3C?exi pa3HBn;y o6ii;aro MipoBOssp^Hifl 



— 192 — 

(JleHii'B — He meji.iHHroBei^'B, a MexaHHCT'B), BceraRH He^ibsa hg npH- 
sHaTbj'iTO JleHi^i pa3o5j[a?BJi'BCia6yK)CTopoH7 apofidBexeHifl HaB- 
jiOBa HeAOCTaxoHHOCTB Hay^Hofl (^HsaqecEofi) noAroToesff caMoro 
aBTopa ^). Mu noipo6HO nBJioacnHi axy JnofioaiiTHyio nojceMflsy^ 
xopomo pHcyfOo^yK) saR'B nay^soe MipoB033p']&Hie, rasi h jim- 

HOCTH 060HX'B npOTHBHRROBX: JleHI^a, XOJ[0;(HO-H)MOpHCTHqeCKarO, 

cnoBO&HO-;(']bJOBHTaro a cephesHaro, IlaBJOBa, HBBopoTJBBara 
AiajeRTHKa, snaioiitaro CJaCuji CTopoHu h cboh, h nystifl, pas- 
ApasHxeJiLHaro, cu^jislto, HeyMOJuaMO-nocitAOBaxejiBHaro h aReji4H0- 
capRacTH^ecRaro. 3a o6HapymeHH£ie HeA04eT£i IlaBJOBi n 
jinxBOK) danjiaTHj'B JleHi^y yBaBanieMi ea hbhto:rhoctb Mexanii- 
qecRaro Mipoo6'BflCBeHifl, na (|>Hjioco$CRyH) Heno;(roTOBJieHH0CTi» 
JleHnia ajib pimemfl o6m,EXi> BonpocoBB, — nonpmi^a, r^i UaB- 
jiOBi, 6e8cnopHo, oneHB cnjieH'b. 

SaMiTHJix, qxo JleHQ'B nouicTEJi% cboh) pei^eHsiK) ea „$h- 
3HRy" naBJOBa Bi Dorpafcr Jaitr6«?cAer fiir Litteratur, Statistik 
und Kunst, besonders Russlands. Riga und Dorpat, 11. Band, 
Zweites Heft, sa 1834 r. oxi 26 ahb. (i^eBs. pasp. ^epnn), 
XVIII, Physik (III. SeJbststftndige Kritiken und Anzeigen). Pe- 
n^emisL saHEMaexx cxp. 144 — 154 nocB^meHa eme ^^HSHKi" 
IlepeBoqEKOBa, BpoMi „$n3aRH^ IlasjiOBa. UaBJiOBy co6cxBeBHO 
oxBe^eHH cxp. 144 — 150. HepeBomHEOBt oxsubx JleBi^a— 
CHHCxoAHxejiBHuS. He TakoBi> ox3B[bx naBJOB*!. CHaxaeHi Be- 
jiHoiHBM^ npe;inocjiaxB BSjroHeHiio— RpaxRift 6]orpa$n4eci;iS 
o^epR'B JleHKa h nepe^ucjiHXB ero BassH'iBinie xpyju. 

OaBJioBT, oxBinarB Bx ^TejiecKon*" 3a 1834 r., qacxtXX, 
oxi 2 Mapxa 1834 r. „I. Hhcbmo npo^eccopa HasjiOBa bt. n;^' 
jiaxejEH) TejiecRona no noBO^^y peqeesiH na ero j^HsuRy, noHi- 
meHHofl B-B ^^epnxcRHXi yqeHflxxsanBCBax^," cxp. 3 — 14.\^aTH- 
poBaeo 25 ^eBpaJifl, MocRBa. 



') noBiAHHOHj, FepiieHi (cp. Bunie, crp. 115) eeobui nenpaBi, nojaran* 
HTo Ha jieRi^iflxi IlaBJiOBa HajHiTBCA 0u3UKth 6uio «iifApeHO». 



nojieMHKa naBjioBa cnb JIeHii;eMnb. 

Dr. phil. Heinrich Friedrich-Emil (9MHjiift XpncTiaHo- 
BBHi) Lenz ^OA. m> ^epnii 12 $eBp. 1804 r., vMept bx Phm^ 
29 SHB. (10 $eBp.) 1865 r. Otx 1823 to 1826 r. npHHHMaJx 
y^acTie bi. feanecTBi $H3HKa bi KpyrocB^THOMii cyTeraecTBiH Ko- 
Hefiy. PesyjibTaTH HayHHHXx HscjiiTOBaHift aiofi ^KC^eAH^iH na- 
neqaiaHH hmi bx Menyapaxx COB. aKa;^. HayKx (1831). Bi 
1828 r. BuSpaHX ajcxioHKTOMi aKajteMm, a bx 1834 r. aKa^e- 

MHKOM'L. Bm4ct4 CX T^MX OHX COCTOflJI'B npO(|)eCCOpOMX, a BX 

nocjijiHie ro^H h peKTopoMx 0.-116. yHHB. Owh ^pe^o;^aBaJI'B 
TaKate wh FjaBHOMx ne^^sirorHiecKOM'B HHCTHTyxi h bx Maxafi- 
lOBCKOMi apTHJijiepificROM'B yHHjinn],^. jIesii;iH ero no <|)H3nsi n 
^nsHHecBoS reorpa^in oxjiEqajiHCB saM'i^^aTejibHOH} jichoctbio h 
ciporoH) CHCTeMaTHHHOCTBH). TaBHMH se Ba^ecTBaMH o6jia;i;ajin 
ero HSB^CTHMfl pyfiOBo;^CTBa (|)H3nKH (;^j[£[ rHMHasiS) n ^H3H?e- 
csofl reorpa^iH; o6a y?e6HHEa BH;i;epHaj[H h^ckojibko H3;i;aHi8; 
HO nepBEiS H3X HExx 6hjix oco6eHHO pacnpocxpaHeHx. Bjeciama 
H MOTOTBopHa 6KiJia ero Hayinaa ;^'feflTeJIBHOCTB. Bx HCTopia 
$H3HKH HayHHHM'B xpy^^aMX ero, no MHiniio $H3HKa H. Feae- 
xycttj Bce^;^a Sy^exx OTBOjijHTBca nonexHoe m4cio. Mnoria ero 
H8Cj['l;(0BaHia oxHOcaxcfl sx ^H3H?ecKofl reorpa^in (o xennepa- 
Tj^i H cojieHOcxH Mopa, o6i aBM^HHSBOCXH ypoBHfl KacnificKaro 
Mopa, 6apoMeTpn9eckoMX nBM^pemH bucoxx, 061 nsM'^peeiH sen- 
Horo MarHHXHSMa h ;^p.). Ho rjiaBHHa ero pafioxH oxHOcaica Bxofijia- 

13 



194 



CTb dJieRTpo- MarflHTHSMa. Ba^KHoe saa^enie dTBXi pa6oTT> 
BBiiicHeno, ^esR^Y npoHHMX, bx coHHEeHiaxt A. CaeeMeea: 
Tpy;^ax•B aKajieMHKa JleHAa bx MarflHT0-8JieKTpHiecTB4 (0.-116., 
1854) H jB. JLeOedMHChaio. Jleei^x, KaK'i> o;^hhx h3x ocHOBaTejiefi 
HayKH o6i> 9JieKTpo-MarHflTH3Mi5 (ffiypH. „9.!ieKTpHHecTBo", 1895). 

FjiaBH^dmie pe8y;ri>TaTU o6iii;enpH3HaHu n Bomjie bo bc*]^ 
y^e^HHRH 4>^8nKn, a AMeBHo: 1) SaROH'B HH;iyRii;iE (saEOHi 
JIeHD;a), no KOTopowy HaripaBjeHie HHiyKiijioHHaro Toaa pcew 
TaKORO, ^To 0HT> npeuflTrTBveTTt TOMy jtMcTBiK) (naup., jiBnate- 

HilO), KOTOpHMt OH'B BUBHBaeTCfl (1833). 2) SaKOHl JfOiCOyASE 

Jlenqa: KojiH^ecTBO TenjioTH, BH^tjifleMoe tokomi bx npoBO;tHHKi, 
nponopi^ioHa.sbHO EBaApaxy chju TOBa e conpoTHBjeHiH) npo- 
Bo;tHnRa (1844). 3) OnuTH, no;(TBep2KAAH)inie flBjenie IleAhime: 
ecjTH nponycKaxb raJikBaHH4ecKi6 toki> Hpeai BnpMyTOBHH h 
CiopBMflHod CTepacHH, cDaflHHHe ROHAaMH H oxJiaacAeHHue j^o 0^ 
TO Momno saMoposHTb Bo;(y, HajfRTyio bi AMRy orojo cnaa (1838). 
4) OnuTH now noJOfapHsaujiefi 9.aeRTpoTOBt (1847) h t. ;r. Hi- 

ROTOpHfl CBO0 HSCJli^AOBaBifl JteBUj'b npOQ3BO;(IIJI'L BMi^CT*]^ CI 

IlappomoMz (o c^axiH T^jia), Ca9ejt&6&&/.M3 (o rajiBBaBHHecRoft 
nojiJipB3ai^iH), 1. nipenKOMz, K. MeUepoMh h aRaAeMBR0Mi> SIko6u 
(061 9jreRTpoMarHHTax'B). 

BaxHifimBAiH Hay^HUMe TpyAaiin ero c^oTaiOTCfl: 

Physikal. Beobachtungen, angestellt aof einer Reise um 
die Welt unter dem Commando des Capt. Kotzebu in den 
J. 1823—26 (M6m. acad. St.-Petersb. Ser. VI, Vol. I, 1831). 

trber d. veranderl. HOhe d. Gasp. Meers bis 1830 (lb. II, 
1833). 

Ol)er d. Gesetze, nach welchen ein bewegter Magnet auf 
eine Spirale wirkt, wenn usw. (lb. id.). 

Ober d. Leitungsfahigk. d. Metalle fflr Elektr. bei ver- 
schiedner Temperatur (lb. id.). 



— 195 — 

Experiences de forte compression sur divers corps; cb 
Parrot (lb. id.). 

tlTber d. opt. Verhalt. d. weissen Naphtha von Baku 
(lb. Ill, 1838). 

Beobb. d. magnet. Inclinat. u. Intensit. auf einer Reise um 
d. Welt von Capt. Ltltke (lb. id.). 

tTber d. Gesetze d. Elektricitatsleit. in Drahten von ver- 
schiedn. Lange u. Dicke (lb. id.). 

Barometrische Hohenmessungen im Kaukasus; mit C. 
Meyer ^Bullet, scientif. de I'Acad. de St.-P6tersb. I, 1836). 

Uber d. sogenannte Stationen-Nivellement mittelst d. 
Barometers (lb. id.). 

0ber einige Puncte aus d. Lehre d. Galvanismus (lb. id). 

Uber d. Verhalten d. Kupfervitriollosung in d. galvan. 
Kette (lb. II, 1837). 

tJber einige Versuche im Gebiete d. Galvanismus (lb. IIT, 

1838). 

Uber d. Gesetze d. Electromagnete; mit M. H. Jacobi 
(lb. IV, 1838 hY, 1839). 

Uber eine Erscheinung, beobachtet an einer grossen 
Wollaston'schen Batterie (lb. V. 1839). 

Uber d. Anziehung d. Electromagnete; mit M. H. Jacobi 
(lb. id.), 

Ober d. Eigenschaft d. magnetoelektrischen StrSme (lb. VI, 

1840). 

Beitrag zur Theorie d. magnetischen Maschinen (lb. IX, 

1842). 

Beschreib. eines sich selbst registrirenden Fluthmessers 
usw. (Bull, physico-math. de I'acad. de St -Petersb. I, 1843). 

Uber d. Gesetze d. Warme-Entwicklung durch d. galvan. 
.Strom (lb. id. u. II, 1844). 

13* 



— 196 — 

tnber d. Gesetze d. Electromagnete; mit M. H. Jacobi 
(lb. II, 1844). 

tJber d. Stirke d. Strome in einem Systeme neben 
einander verbundener galvanischer Ketten (lb. Ill, 1845). 

tTber d. galvanische Polarisation u. elektromotorische 
Kraft in Hydroketten, mit Saweljew (lb. V, 1847). 

tTber d. Temperatur d. Weltmeers (lb. id). 

ITber d. Einfluss d. Geschwindigkeit d. Drehens auf den 
durch magneto-elektr. Maschinen erzeugten Inductionsstrom 
(lb. VII, 1849; XII, 1854 h XVI, 1858). 

Beitrag z. Bestimm. d. in St. -Petersburg verdunsteten 
Wassermenge (lb. IX, 1851). 

Uber d. Leitung d. galvan. Stroms durch Fltlssigkeiten, 
wenn d. Querschnitt derselben verschieden ist von dem der in 
sie getauchten Electroden (lb. X, 1852). 

tTber d. Gebrauch d. Fahrenheit'schen Araometers zur 
Bestimm. d. Salzgehalts vom Meerwasser (lb. XV, 1857). 

tTber d. Bewegungen d. Balkens einer Drehwaage, wenn 
ihm andere KOrper von verschiedn. Temp, genahert warden 
(Pogg. Ann. XXV, 1832). 

tTber d. Bestimm. d. Richtung d. durch electrodyna- 
mische Vertheilung erregt. galvan. Strome (lb. XXXI, 1834). 

tTber d. Gesetze, nach welchen der Magnet auf eine Spi- 
rale einwirkt, wenn er ihr pl6tzlich genfthert oder von ihr 
entfemt wird usw. (lb. XXXIV, 1835). 



3MHjiifi JleHi^'B coTpyAHH4ajn> em,e bi: 

Erman, Arch. Russ. Resultate d. Expedition nach 
Khorassan, 6 p. (18, 1859). 



197 



P g g. Ann. P h y s.: Temperat. u. Salzgehalt d. Was- 
sers in verschied. Tiefen des Weltmeeres, 57 p. (20, 1830). 

Elektr. Leitungsffihigkeit v. Au, Pb, Sn ^bei verschied. 
Temper., 15 p. (45, 1838). 

D" d. menschl Kdrpers, 11 p. (56, 1842). 

St-P6tersb. Ac. sc. Bull: Standi. Temperat.- 
Aender. d. Luft et d. Oberfl. d. Meeres in d. Tropen, 16 p. 
(1, 1860). 

Die magnet. Expedit. zur Insel Jussary. 3 p. (2, id.). 

Meteorol. Beob. 1853 — 54 auf d. Atlantischen u. Grossen 
Ocean (mit L. v. Schrenck), 22 p. (4, 1862). 

D^ angestellt 1847—49 v. Ed. Lenz, 26 p. (5, 1863). 

Neues Anemometer, 7 p. (6, id.). 

Mem.: Ueber Ventilation inunsern Klimaten (6,1863)^). 



m^M- 



*) Cp. Biograpliiflch-literarisches HandwSrterbach der exacten Wissen- 
sebaften yon J. 0. Foggendorff, I. Band. Lpz., 1863, pp. 1424 h 142S e 
HOBjK) cepiK), III. Band, I. Abtheilnng, Lpz., 1898, p. 795. 



IlepexojiHMi Ki HSJOffieHiio pei^eHsin JleHi^a na ^^hshkh"^ 
IlasjiOBa H nepeBOii](HROBa. 

06a coHBHeeifl npHHa;iJie^aTi> npo(i)eccopaM'i> MocROBCEaro 
yHHBepcHxeTa, HaiHHaexx J[eHii,x, no coBepineHHo paa-iHHHH no 
nJiaHy n uo TeH^eHi^iH. „$H30Ka" IlaBJiOBa ^tojiatna npeACTaBHib 
C060K) HoeyK) cucmeMy, HsxaBjifliomyK) npHTflBaeia bo hto 6h to 
BH CTa;io Ha opnrHHajikHOCTb. 3aAa?a „$H3nBn" nepeBoni;nBOBa 
CKpoMH'fee: oea sEiejiB.eTT> conociaBBTb BaasH'^fimie (|)efiOAieH£i n le- 
opiH, He HCKjriQiiaa HOBifimnx'B,— bx bha* xopomeU KOMnnjifl- 
ii,iH. Coo6pa3eo bthmx HasnaqeHiaMi a nyacno OA-iflHBaTs Ka»- 
;^yH) KHHry. H r^wh AoSpocoBicTHie Ha;no6HO npncTynHTB ex 
inijiy, HTO na pyccROMt asbiRt ao chx-l nopi> HiT-L eme yHHBep- 
coxeTCEaro y^eSHHKa, KOxopuS yj^OBJiexBopajit 6u coBpeMenHHM'B 
TpefioBaniaMT* nayEH, h'St'b ;^a»:e nepeBo^a xopomaro sarpannq- 
Haro no;i;xo;i;aniiaro co^HHeniH ^). 

IlaBJioBX ^ejaexi onpe^'SjiHXB, ^xb co6cxBeHHo oiflocaxca 

Kt ^HSHKi Bl CXporOMl CMHCji, H qx6 Ha^oSHO HCK.5K)HHXb HSX 

axofi o6jiacxH. npasnaBaa sa xasHMi oqim^enieMi yqefiHnEOBx ^h- 
8HKH H'iBoxopyH) AOJK) HCXHHEi, Hymno, o^HaBO, paBjinqaxB jtB'b 
TO^RH Bp'i^Hifl: uM'i^xb jfd Bx BHAy y?e6HnR:b ^bsheh caMi no ced'b, 
HJLH a:e pyBOBOACXBO npn npeno^aBaniH ^i^^wi^o^^^x^h ;iesiiit 
Bx yHHBepcHxexaxi ^)? nocji'b;^HeMy npHxo;^Hxca npncnocoCjiaxbCfl 
Bx cym^ecxByion^HM'L y?e6HK[i)ix njaHaMi n npeHEMaxB bx ce6a 



»} Cip. 145. 
») Gip. 146. 



~ 199 — 

npocT'bfimifl nojiomeum cxaTHKH, niexaeHKH h jidiKe xQMia. IIo- 
pfli^ade IlaBJiOBa oTHOCHTCfl, aeaMiiTh, r'E nepsod RaTeropiH yqe6- 

HHSOB'B (j[)H3nRH, H HeJBSfl He npHCOeitHHHTbCfl K'B HeMJ Bl Se* 

janiH yJ^aJIHTb OTTyji;a hhctvk) ;iHHaMHKy h xhmIio, ho tojibko ne 
aKvcTHBy EcjIh 6u ohi 6hji^ npaBi, to npHBep?EeHi;u BHCpa- 
AioHHOfi Teopia cb bxa oKaaajiHCK 6u bx yjKacHofi ajibrepHaTHB'fe. ^) 
Hm-b npHHiJOCb 6u jih6o npoMiHaTb CBoe ySiH^Aenie Ha Kpj- 
roe, MCHije hxt> yjioBjreTBopaiomee, jih6o BBi6pocHTb Hst ^^hbhkh 
oiiflfl^ 03^ npeKpacHiKniHX'B 0Tji'kji0BT>. Biiib eaiH (ao FlaBjiOBy) 
$H3HK'k Hvac^ibi Bngpanjin Bosiyxa, to ate caMoe othochtca h 
Kt Bii6paii;iflMx a$Hpa; a ecjiH 6u yjiajocb cbocth h TeopiH) Ten- 
JOTH Ha BriopaaioHHyK) rHnoTesy, vo ee xaKwe npHuuiocb 6h ym- 

.IHTb H3T> ({)II3HKR: B'b BOHH;']^ BOHI^OBl MH OKasaJIHCb ^ET Iipif ^B- 

SHK'fi (5e3x BemecTBa (ohne Stoff); a qT6 Bcero xyme, ^) uaniH nep- 
Bue (J)H3HKH pa6oraH)T'b naji'b t^mx, qTo6H onycTomnTb cbok) na- 
yKv (auszuleeren). O^eBHiino, qTO BucmeFO CTyneHbio (|)H3HqecKoft 
TeopiH 6h;io 6u BHBecTH no MaTeMaTHKO-MexaHH»iecBHM'B saKonaMt 
H3X OOToro o6maro aaKona Bcfe aBJieuia. Ho BMicxt ct, bthm'b 
TaKaa reopia (no IIaB./ioBy) nepecTajia 6m npHHa;^jie3KaTB ^hshb^ 
H nonaiia 6u Bl^ MexanoBy. 

IIojioSHoe npoTHBop'feHie BOSHHKaeTT, TOJibKO fijiaronapa omn- 
fio^eoMY BosspiniEO naraero aBTopa na cymeocTb 4>w3hkh. 

Bt HeopmnuyecKoH npupojit Bce einmal CBepmaeTca uo jwerm- 
umecKUMZ saKOHaaii: anaHHT'L, MexaHHKa, KaKx qacToe yienie o jibe- 
;ReHiH H paBHOBtcin, co;^ep/RHT'B h sasonu a-^a Bas;^aro oco6eH- 
Haro cjiyqaa. TaKx ona coi^epTRHTx o6mie saBOHbi Bnfipai^iS ajia- 
CTH^ecBoS mHUBocTB; HO npHifJ^Henie hx'b kt> BH6paii;iaM'B BOB^yxa 
H ocoSbiMx ABjeHiflM'B, npu dTOMii BOBHHKafOH^uMx, M cpaeueute 
meopiu cz onumoMTi^ Bce 9to OTHOCHxca b^ $n3HBy, h jia/Ke ecTb 
ea HacToamee jifkjio (ihr eigentliches Weseu). HTaEt, no nanieMy 



') Cip. 144. 

*) HpoeiH JeFiqa. 



— 200 — 

MHiHiH), ^H30sa, noAo6HO acxpoHOMiH, ecTb npHBJiaAHafl MexaHBKa 
B ;i;oji;RHa pi^maxB 3 saAa^Hi 1) Hacji^^^OBaHie jiBJieaifl, 2) Rom- 
6HHEpoBaHie ero bi o6ni,ii saBOH'L, h 3) RaB^H npoB^psa sa^a^H 
(Probe des Exempels), nocTpooHie OT;^ijibHHXi aejreHifi hs-l o6- 
iii,aro aaEOBa. 

?t5 RacaoTCfl, HasoHei^'B, ohthbh, to b BOBce ne snaH), ?to6u 
OHa Bi yqefiBHBax'B 4)H3hbh pascMaipHBajiacb, Basi yqenie o sp*]^- 
Hin (Lehre vom Sehen); oaa OmBaeTt sjifkch Bcer^a Jifinib y^e- 
HieMx CBiii. ^) Fjiasx bajiotii ao ciTqaiKH mokho cqaTaib 

OnTHHeCBHM'L HHCXpyMeHTOMl. $H8HBa CL 0CH0BaHieMl» npOCJI']^2SH- 

BaoTi CBiTOBofl JiyHi AO ciTHaxKH, a laMi nepeAaeix ero — $h- 
siojEoriH. HanaAKH IlaBJiOBa oiHOCflTCfl jibuil E-h ynoTpefijeHiio 
CJiOBa ^onxHBa^ bx secoOcTBeHHOMi cmucj^. 

npHHHHax'B pasji^jieHia naBJOBEiMB CBoefl i^msEKE sa xpH 
^acTH MH HH^ero se ssaeifB. ?to Eacaexcfl no^pasA'i^JieHifi nep- 
Bofi HacTH (rocmhtccrhx'b aBJiemR), o cb^t*, raacecTH h Beme- 
ctb£, TO; cji'bAyfl o6ii9aio, naBJiOBi cea^ajia onHCEiBaeT'b ^^eno- 
MOHH, anoTOM^ yae nepexo^HTi bx TeopiaMx. He napymaeTca 
JiH T'J^M'b CA^^aHHoe aBTopoM^b pasiEHOHie 4)E3QBH OTi* (j^eeo- 
MeHOJioriH? Ho ocTasaBjiHBaflCb ea onHcasiH flBjenifi, mh aojishh 
npHSfiaTbCfl, qxo mu HeMO^seMx npenoMBHTb, bha'^jih jib mu rA'66n 

TO BB 6Hj!0 8T0 OCHOBanio $H3BBB 06pa60TaBHHMX BOBepXBOCT- 

H^e, Aa»e CTOJb no yqeHaqecEH, qin-B SAicb. Sa^cb Bce eh- 
niBT'B omndBaiiB, BOTopna qepes^ypi acho ^0Ba3HBaK)T^, hto 
aBTopx Bx BHcmefi CTenena BeocBiAOMJieB'B (unbewandert) bx pyxi 
cymecTBenBEixx nynRTax'B, bx sBcnepBMeBTBpoBaHiH h ExwaTe- 
MaTBB^. He ct6bti cjii^HTb sa aBTopoMi) man sa maroifb: 

AOCTaTOHHO npEBeCTH JIEfflb HiCBOJIbBO HOJIOffieBiil, BOTOpbia co- 

BepmeBHo (nur zu sehr) onpaB^HBaiOT'b Barae cyatAenie, Eamy- 
meeca cypoEHMx (hart): 



1) Gxp. 147. 



— 201 — 

Ha cxp. 88 AaeTCfl Jio»Hoe nonaTie o ^HeepreHi^iH ^): 
„jy?H pacxoiifln^iecH, cCjiusiaacb b'b npeJiOMJi;{H)ii(eJS cpe^'t, aanp., 
B-B CTeM't, BHAyT'L Hsx OHaro jwe««»e pacxodnti^UMUCH^ (weniger 
divergirend). ^HBepreHUjia, onpe;i4.iaeMaa jihidl yrjiOMi Mem;ty 
jynaMH; ocraeTca toh) aie caMOfi, tojbko Jiy^n ^tHBeprnpyiOTX 
B3i> To^EQf, 6j[HJKe JiesBLaii^eii e^ cuezjiy, wiuT> npesRjie. 

Ha CTp. 91 oTHOCHxeJibHO npejiOMJieHia CBiia b^ c^epn- 
^ecEHXi BunjujiuxTy jiHHsax'B ^): ^O^eBB^tHO, hto napajiJiejiBHue 
Ki ocH jiyMH, H El Hefi 6;iH3tafliDie, npeciEyx'B ee fijieae F, 
yj{ajieHH'63mie ;(aji']^e, xaEx ?to (|)OEycx He Moacei'B 6uTh b% 
o;(Hofi TOHE']^, HO no ^ipi 6ojiBmefi hjih MeHBuiefi nosepxHOCTH 
SS, TO ;^a;I'fee, to fijinase*'. To, ht6 coBciMi. HOBipno (grund- 
falsch), TO HasHBaoTCfl o?eBH;(HHMi>! npH dTOMi HHr;^^ He csa- 
3aHo, ^t6 ate TaEoe ocb jihbbki; a^ h npejroMJieHie pascwaTpn- 
Baexcfl TOJiBEO B']^Ai> Ha OAHOfl nepBoS noBepxHOCxn. 

Ha CTp. 94 H 97 piqB HAeii o aboAhomx npejiOMjemH. 
IIpaBHJiBHO CEasano, hto onTH^ecEaH ocb bx HCJiaHACEOM'B mnaT']^ 
(Doppelspath) cctb jHHia, coe;^HHaIOu^afl BepniHHH oOonxx xy- 
miTh yooBx poM6oH;^a ^). Ho xyxi ate Ha ^^aryp'fe (17-ofi) 
onxHqecEafl ocb n8o6paaraexcfl, RaEx coe;iHHHxejiBHafl jbhIa 
Mea:;jy xynHMH yrjaMH ocHoeauia\ oxciojua bh;iho, ^xo h npem;ie 
IlaBJiOBx HMijn Bi BH^y HO mfbMCHue xyHHe yrjiBi, a yrjiBi na 



§ 18. npejoMjeHie cBtia bi cieKJiaxi djockhxi, 3-e. Jly^H pacxoflii- 
miecfl. Bo BTopoMi H3j^aHiH 3T0 CTp. 90; «MeHte pacxoAflmHMHCfl* aaMtneno 
•MeHte y;iajieHHUMH ouhhi ott> Apyroro». TaKace HSMtHenT) KOHei^i. BMtCTo: 
•IIpH nepexoat h31 cpenu m e h t e npejioMJiflKmefl bi cpejiy fioj^fee npeJOM- 
JHiomyio flBjenie 67^611 *o6paTHoei ctohttj: «npH nepexDjit hbi cpenw 6 j t e 
npejiOMJiflK)med bi> cpejiy Mente opejiOMMEomyK)* etc. 

*) § 19— IlpejOMjeme CBtia bi cTeK4iaxT> c(j[)epHHecKHXT>. Bo II-mi hbh. 

CTp. 92 3T0 MtCTO HSMtHCHO: «OHeBHflHO, HTO DapajIJieJIHHHe KT> OCH jyHH, HKl 

Hefi 6jiHaKainiie, npectKyii ee daAne P, yuajieHHtfiniie— ^J^mokjc etc. 

*) Cip. 93. § 21. GaTHHecKaa ocb Bo II h3a. cxp. 95—96. Hepieaci l7-fi 
Ha II TaojiEri^t (npn I nacTn) ocTaBJieFii 6631) HdutneHifl. 



— 202 — 

noBepxHocTH OAHoro hsx SoeobT) (Seitenflache). — nlloM> hmc- 
HCMx rjiaBHaro ciHenia pasyMieica hjtockoctb, npose^eHHaa bi> 
HanpaBjieHlH ocn npiicTaJiJia aepneH/^dsyjiflpHO kt» RaKOMv .9h6o 
HB'B ero 6oKOB^.... CaMO C060K) pasyMieTca, hto bt> HCJiaHiCKOMT. 
fflnarfe h bx Apyraxx KpncxajiJiax'L Momen. 6hti> ee oaho TaKoe 
ciqenie, a ABa h fiojite, CMOTpa no qacjiy 6okob1)" ^) (t. e. 
macmft)! Momno Jin bx BH^y ctojib CMyTHHXi noHaxift npe^no- 
jioaiHTb, qTo6u aBTopi KorAa-;iH6o npoHBBeji. stotb oitut^ c^ 
coBHaxejbHHM'B noHHMameMT. (mit Bedacht)? 

Ha cxp. 132 oancaflie HLJOxoHOBuxt KOJien.'B Ha^HHaeica 
xaKt: „Bt. xohkhx'b nJiacxHUKaxx, KOHxt noBepxHocxa ne na- 
pajEJiejEBHBi, CBtxx xaKate iipejicxaBjiflexcfl T^BtxaHMt, naap.. bi 
cjiiojii": (Licht erzeuge Farben... z. B. in Glimmerplattchen) *). 
SaMiOHeHie o^enb KopoxKo: ^OieBH^iHO, qxo o^BiHeHie bt, ccmx 
Ciiy^ali (Farbenringe) saBHCHxx oxx npejoMJienia CB^xa bx 
cxeKJit BHayKJiOM-L" (im obenliegenden Convexglase) ^). Kor;ta 
aBxopx yxBepat^aexx 4xo-jih(5o o^enb oniaCo^Hoe, xo, qobhah- 
MOMy, Bcer;ia no.iib3yexcfl cjiobomx „oieBH;?Ho" h;ih x. n. 

Ha cxp. 135 o;iHoo6pa3Haa OKpacKa xoHKnxi. KpHCxajJio- 
BaHHuxx njacxHHOKx MeTRjiv sepEajiaMH nojiapH3ai](i()HHaro hh- 
cxpyMeHxa npoacxoiiHxi,, ao MHiniio HaBJiOBa, Kor^a nxx na- 
pajiJiejibHua ojockocxh ofipisanH (geschnitten) nepneHjjHKy- 
japHO KTb onxHHecKOfl OCH ^). Ho sa dxhm'b yKasHBaexca apa- 



^) Cip. 97, § 22. HanpaBJieHio npejOMJieHHUXij Jiyneii bt> KpnciaJiJiaxi ci 
oflHOH) H HByMfl ODTHHecKHMH ocflMH. Bo II 03^. CTp. 98 n 99 MtcTo ociaB-ieno 

f)e3'b H3M['bHeHifl. 

2) Gip. 131, 132. § 33. lIpejiOMJieHie bt> tohkhxt> njiacTHHKaxi. Bo n-MT> 
Tia/t.— CTp. 134— ne3T> nsMtHeHiH. 

*) Cip. 134— TOTi me % Bo II h3;i.— cxp. 136, 137— 6e3i HSMtneHifl. 

*) Gip. 135. § 34. •B'b OTBepcTie Aia(J)parMH BCiaBJiaeTCfl TOHicair KpH- 
GTajJOsaHHaA njiacTiinRa, npospaHHaa n oeauBtTHaa, ki och nopneuAHRyjiflpHaH. 
EcjiH 6yaeMTj na nee CMOTptib CKBosb ynoMflHyiyH) yftBOflioiuyK) npHSMy. loona 



Q 



20.- 



BHJbeo, HTO Tor;ia B03HHKaK)Ti) i];irfcTHHfl icojibiia. Ecjth aBTop'B 
He 3fla.ix, KaKi oCctohtt, ^']>Jlo^ to, no KpafiHefi M'ip'fe, ohx 
mn 6u jf^orsLASLThcSj ^to bxoro He MomeTx 6bitb na ;iBa Ma- 
Hepa (auf zweieriei Weise) cpasy. 

Euie OAHHF, npuwfip'L, uo-^ie, i^mT) ;iocTaT04uufi, 4to6h 
OTKasaib aBTopy bu KaRnxx 6ij to h» 6li;io MaTeMaTaqecKHx^ 
nosHaHiflxi. 

Ha CTp. 220 npnBOAHTCfl, KaKt jiaHHoe asx onjEiTa, nsBicT- 
Hoe nojioateHie, 4to iipoilieHHua pascToaHiji npn cbo6oahom'£» 
najjeHia ott» Ha^ajia jiBiim,emn oTnocaTca, KauTi KBa;^paTH Bpe- 
MeHT>; jia^jiie aBTopx npafiaBJifleT'L: „H3'i> cero OTKpuBaeTca cawo 
C060K). 4T0 TflSKecTb, KaKT) npH^HHa najieHifl, ecTh cHjra i^eHTpo- 
CTpeMHTejibHaa, doctomhho BOspacTaion^aa noMtpt npHSjiHTKeHia 
Kt neflTpy 3eMJiH, a HMenHo: bb cojiepacaHiH (im Verhaltniss) 
KBa;ipaT0B^ yMeHLuiaioinHxcfl paacTOflnig (jioji^ho 6h: b'b o6paT- 
Boa nponopi^iH KBa^ipaTOBX pascToanifi), bjih bx coAepacaniH 
npocTpaHCTBi, npoCiraeMHXx na^iaiomHMx TijioMi)" ^)! Eme 

OAHO „0TKpHBaeTCa'* BT» CMUCJI* aBTOpa! KaKX nSBtCTHO, saKOHt 

nponopr^ioHa.iBHOCTH npocTpaHCTBi. h KBa^paxoBL BpeMeii'B ao;iy- 
qaeTca no MexaHHKi e'si> jionycTHMaro s^ticB npe;tno.ioiKeHifl 
paeuoMthpno-ycKopeHHOMh deuotceniu^ aBTopi jkc, Hao6opoTi, hst* 
Hero BHBo;iHTx ycjiOBie jiJia uepaeuoMrbpuoycKopeHHaiol 

SI He xoqy upoAOJimaTB HSJio^enia bthx'b ^aHxasifi h no- 
CTaBJiK) aBTopy .iHiub o;^nHi Bonpoci>. Onx oTBepraeT'B BMHCcioH- 
HVK) H yn^iyjjai^ioHHyK) xeopia CBl>Ta, — iiOTOMy hto nepBaa ne o6x- 
acnaeT'L odnoio (|)enoMefla HnTep(l)epeHAin, a BTopaa — onaTh-jaKH 



oyflyqH ocBtmcHa (cip. 136) JiyqeMi nojiapHsoBaHHUMi, npeAcxaBHTCH bch UBtx- 

HOH)».... Cip. 137. «Bt> yABOHFOmHXT) KpHCTaJUiaXT? CTj OHHOH) H ClUByMa OCflMH 

DojiflpiisoBaHflbie jrynn npeBpamaEOTca bi uemnHUA KOAht^a oco6a%o poda» . II H3a* 
cip. 138 H 139—6631 HaMtHCHifl. 

§ 66. 3aKoni iflsecTe. Bo 11 hb^., cip. 227 KQHem* (fpaau, co cjiobt>: 
•a HMeHHO* coBcfeMi onymeni, KaKi h nanajibnoe cjiobo •lionHXHO^cji'feflymmeM 
(fpaau:.... «ktj ueHipy zmM. Bt> npoTHBHOMi cjiyiatt.... etc. 



— 204 — 

o,!tHoro: npoBSBeAeHifl lenjioTH. C'l bekhmi^ me npaeOMi ohi can't 
MoateTt TpefioBaTb oxt Hacx, cbohxi ^HTaiejiefi, ^to6h mh npa- 
coe;iHHHJHCb Bx ero Teopin, Koxopaa He o6xacHfleTx hh oduoio 

H30 BCfexi SBJieHifi H fl,B^e He 3a60THTCa TOMl! B-B TaKOMl 

cjiyTOi Kx HCMy me Boo6me aBiopx nsJiaraji'B aBJienia npejio- 
MJieHifl, OTpaatenifl, nojiapHsai^iH h t. a,.? 

HTaBi Hej[L3fl He npHSHaxB co^HHenia r, UaBJiOBa coeep- 

meHHO HeCTOflll^HM'L BHHMaHifl. ECJ[£[ 6h OHO HM^^O Ii;']^J[iK) TOJIBBO 

H3o6pa3HTb HOByro CHCxeMy aBxopa, to HH^ero Hejib3a 6u h bo3- 
pasHXb npoxHBi ero noflBJieHia, noxoMy qxo BCSKifi BOJieH'b dh- 
caxb H nojiaraxb o Hay^HHXx ^pe;^Mexaxx5 ^x6 eMy yroj^no. Ho 
ecJiH axo xBopeHie ;iojatHO cjiyaetHTb pyKOBOACXBOM'b, xo M0»no 
jiHHib noatajitxb c^ymaxe-ieft, Koxoprnxx bx xt ro^H, Kor^a na- 
;^o6ho o6oran^axB cbo9 ynx, npeHMyn^ecxBenHO, cojih^^ahmh sna- 
HiflMH, a He (|)aHxacxE[?ecBHMii xeopiflMH, npHHyjsA^ioxx ;i;obojib- 
cxBoeaxbCfl HecoBepmeHHbiMH onHxaMH h neB'IpHHMH odxacne- 
HiflMH H ;i;a2Ke naBonei^'b ocxaBHXb h axo neMHoroe noJOSHxejiB- 
Hoe, ^xo6bi OKOHqaxeJbHO noxepaxbca bx fieaocHOBaxeJibHuxx 
(bodenlosen) (|)aHxa3iflX'b aBxopa ^). 



IlaBJEOBx Ha^enaexx CBoe oHCbMO 3aflBJieHieM'b. ?xo ohx hc 
Moatexx yAOBjiexBopHXb BH30By H3;iaxeira „TejiecKona" (H. Ha 
;^efflJ^HHa) oxBtqaxb na pen;eH3iH) Jleni^a ^) — no niKOxopHMx npa- 
^HHaMx. rjiaBHiSraaa h3'b naxx — xa, ^xo pen;eH3ia nanncaHa npo- 
XHBx BcSx-b npaBHJi'b y^enofl kphxhkh. ^Hpej^cxaBJiH) wKaBaxejib- 



CTBa**. 



1) Cxp. 150. 
Cxp. 3. 



— 205 — 

CaMoe HenpiflTHoe jijle IlaBJiOBa Chjio, paayM'fceTca, cji^yK)- 
n^ee: Ecjih 6u rto npHBaxHO cnpocBJi'B jIeBii;a, ohi mof'b 6£i 
OTBinaTB, ht5 eny yro^^no, ho ^bx pei^eHsia, noMimaeMoft bx 
y^enoMx urtMeuKOMz atypHaji'fe ;^^ia nepe^ia^H Eeponrb yqeHiixs 
locciu HSB-fecTiS, nocxynHTb naAJea^aJio ocHOBaTejEBHie, ecjiH 
yse He m^b yBaffiCHia kx t/ecmw Pyccnaio uMenu, to' hsx bhh- 
MaHifl K^ nHOCTpaHi][ai)ix: na hto hmx npeBpaxH&ia o Ihcciu 
noHaiia? Bx ji^ji^ nayKx i^'Sjib — acTHna; cpe;^CTBa — MHniJieHie; 
npaBHJia — saKOHH MHinjieHifl', 3;^4cB nponsBOJi'B gctb npecmy- 
meuie^. Tan's naBJOBx CBasuBaeT'L cboio „$H3HKy" ex HecTBjo 
PocciH H o6BHHaeTx JTennia Bt He;iocTaTE'6 pyccKaro naipio- 

TH3Ma *). 

IlaBJiOBx annejEpyeTt kx ny6jiHKi. „npHCTpacTHHfl cy^x, 

KaKT> AOOfCh, He BX COCTOflHin HH yHH3HTL, HH B03BHCHTb COHH- 

Henia; nacTOamaa i^iHa ero o^peJ^iJIaeTca odu^UMz MurhuieMZj 
ueaaeucum otx pei^eH3ifi". Fa* Jleni^y cy;i;HTB o ^^hshk*"! 
„r. JIeH^^, HMifl noHfliifl o ^pHpo;^'h, j^iaMexpajibHO npoTHBo- 
nojio^HHfl MOHMi); ei cocmoHHiu au AaTse nouHmh HacToaoi.HM'B 

06pa30MX MOU BBJ^U B'B (|)H3HR']^ H 0C06eHH0 npH TaEOfi UC JIO- 

iuuecKOu HacTpoeHHOCTH yMa, KaKaa OTKpHxa BXHeMi Btime** *). 

„npH6aBBTe Kx CKaBaHHOMy HeapHiiHqHHS toh-b, BXKaKOMX 
BanHcana per^ensia, h bh corjacnxecB caMH, ^xo na nee otb'6- 
^axB He AOJatHo". Ecjih ate dpyiie, nanuxz ne muaOj Moryxx 
Moe MOJ^anie c^ecxB sa no;i;o6ocTpacTHoe cosHanie, xo 8xo hhcbmo 
Moatexx cJiyatHXB h'6koxopkimx o6pa30Mx bm'Scxo oxsixa. 

%o Kacaexca cymecxBa A'feJia, xo IlaBjioBx cxapaexca pas- 
6hxb JIeH^a na o6mefi naxyp^HJOCo^cKofi leopia, ne ^epexo;^a 
Ha flBjenia. JleHi^'B, ne onpoBepraa hochjiok'b, hbx Koxopaxx 
BHBe^eHO onpe^'bJieHie (|)H3hrh, naBUBaexx BBria^^i IlaBJiOBa 
omHdo^HHMX (S. 146) '). TaKx Jia namyxca yqeHEia pen;eH3iH? 



*) Cip. 12. 
*) Cip. u. 
') Cip. 4. 



— 206 — 
3aTo TIaHJiOB'fc paaoHpaeTx coprnx JeHi^a oTeocnTe;ibHO aa^^a^i 

4)H3HKH (Cp. BBIIIie, Cip. 200). 

JIojKHO Ha^ajio JIeHi],a, 6yjiT0 6ti see bx HeopraHE»iecKoft 
npapojii npoHCxojiHT'L no MexaHH^ecKHM'B saKoaaMi.. ^Haiiioci), 

4T0 JleHI^X CU/lOW 60AU CeOeA ne BB COCXOilHiH HCKJHOqHTb HSt 

HeopraniiqecKOfi npnpo^iu ^) XHMiniecKifi ^po^ecc^), jierKamifl m> 
ocHOB'fe pacTHTejibHaro (KaKx u pacxHiejibUEifi jiemiixi EXocHoei 
atHBOTHaro) KToatt CKa?KeTx. hto XHMH^ecKifi iipoi^ecci> npoac 
XOMT^ no Mexann4erKHMT> 3aKonaMi>? Aecjin 00^ ecxi) MexaeH- 
iiecKifl, xo xaKHMi> ^Ke CyAexT, 11 pacxHxe.ihnufi, — n atHBOxnoe 

x-Jjo ecxB ManiHHa; xor;ia Ho ;iobojii>ho h yKasauHLiXTB ne- 

JiinocxeB". 

Hat 9X0 ro uo.iO/KeHia hh Majo ne cjiijiyexi (also), ^xo Mexa- 
HBKa coAepatHxt saKOHH coxpacenia 9JiacxH4ecKofi atH;tK0CXB. Ecjh 
H CKasaxb, 4X0 Bce b'b neopraHH^ecKoS npapoA* nponcxojinxB 
no XHMHHecKHMi> aaKOHaM'b, xo oxcwAa eni;e ne CJI4J^yex'B, ^in^ 
;^0JI/KHa 6HXb XHMiij. Buboa'b JIiHqa Moatno upapaBHaxb baculus 
Stat in angulo; ergo pluit. Coiostj aUo^ pasno KaK-b « ergo He 
He Bx cocxoafliH CBflsaxb xo, qx6 ne coeiiHHHMO. Kxo 6br Mori 
iio;^yMaxb, hxo ptuiHBniHCb pasrpoMMXb coHHHenie IlaB-TOBa, JTeei^'b 

BX H'liCKOJlbKHX'B CXpOKaXX BblCKaJKeXTi CXOJIbKO paSHXeJIbHOfi He- 

nocjiiAOBaxejibHOCXH! ^xo, ecm ohi> pbinaxca caMX nanncaxb i^t- 
jiyK) 4>H3aKy? ^) JleHU'b nnqiM^ ee ptniaexii Bonpoca o co^ep- 
ataniii ^^hshkHc Hb'b cero xo neptnieHHaroBonpoca ohx 3aK.iK)4a- 
exx (also), qxo $M:jaBa ecxb upHoaiiHaa MexaHHKa. ^Oneeud- 
HO^ ^), qxo Moatiy qacxaMii copuxa JleHqa n fexb cojuoracxH^ecEOft 



Cip. 5. 

*) Cxp. 6. 3fltch riaBJiOBi lie to rpoaaiT) JleHuy CBoeio kphthkok) na ero 
'^yaymee pyKOBOjjcTBo, ne TOKHAaeii HaweKi, hto jleHUi rpoaiHTi ero ■4)H3HKy» 
pa^H ycTpaHenifl bosmohchoh KOHRyppeiii\iii. 

*) IlaBJiOBT) BMteTi btj BH/iy nacM'feniKy jlenua naiii ero npHCTpaciieiiii ki 
i^Tomy cjiOBy (cp. BHrae, cip. 202). 



207 



CBasfl. ^TOiRi» aocjii aioro snaqiiTi also r. Jleni^a? ^aciai^a, 

KOTOpOK) OHX HMteTl npnBUIKy Ha4HHaTL CBOIO piHB^). 

PasoHpaa 8a3:aiiH 4)B3bbh (aoJIeHity), IlaBJOBx saM'^Haexx, 
^To 3a nepBOH) {H3CJit;iOBaHie aBJiCHifl) JTeHAt yiBep^HJix M'fecTO 

n (|)H3HRt TOJIbRO CBOHMl QpOaSBOJTOM'B. ^TO KacaeXCfl BTOpofi 

(npHBe^eHie sBJieHifi Kt oihomj o6meMy saKOHy), to Kam ate 
JiBjesifl HaMtpeHi> r. JleHU'B b'b ceoeti ^hshr'^ npnBOjUHTk ki o6- 
meny saaoHy? Bci deaii HcKJiio^eHia? Ho ecJiH 4)B[3HKa — Mexa- 
HHica, TO KaKX ace dojibomtb kx o;iHOMy o6meMy MexaHH^ecKOMy 
saKOHyflBJieBi^ HMexaHn4ecKiji,n mnsHenHUfl? „^03Hi>noABO;inTb 
IIOJ^^ saKOHX MepTsaro MexaHHSMa"! bx c^paBe;^JrHBOM^> Hero^OBa- 
Bia BocKJiHi^aeTX IlaBJioBi. ^totkx Tor^a mh, coanaromie bt> ce6i 
aH3HF? MamHHH? H JlenAx, no3BOJifl romift ceCi xaKia Ha^ajia Ch 
flejinHMH cji'6;iCTBiflMH, hh cl Toro, hh ct ;tpyroro HaaHBaeTi 
^afliasiflMH npoTUBonojioaiHUfl hmx mbicjib? H'6ti>! TaRod cno- 
co6i p;«»tMam5 yuacmh coHuueuiH cJiHrnROMii ;iajieRX ot-b cnoco6a 
yqeHaro. C^iOBa o 4>aHTa3iax'L ^) jrynrae npHMiBHXb rx ero jkc 
MexaaaqecKHMi noHaiiaMX o npHpoii. TpeTba 3aAa4a (npo6a 
npHMtpa) ecTL oOpaiHufi cjiyqaft BTopofi. IIoceMy 061 aefi to ate 
CKasaTb j^ojiacHO, hto CRasaHO to9, tojibro oSpaxoo: RaRX h3x 
sasoHa MexaHBHecRaro BUBecTH flBjienie oRbshb? Mncjib cmyma- 
eTca npn Bonpocaxi, B03HBRaK)ii^Hxi> h3x Banajn Jleni^a. HTaRx 
fici Tpn saitaiB. RaRi ^ORaBano, hbx $b3hrh HCRj[H)4aK)TCfl. 
^ToafL 6e3i HHX'B 6y;ieT'B MexaHHRa, BOSBeAeHHaa bo BTopyio 
CTeneHb, t. e. $03HRa JleHAa? IlycTOTa, o6pa3i fiesx co^^ep^Kania! 
TyTi y M'icTa noBxopHTb cJiOBa Jleni^a o6x onycTomeflia $11- 
sfliiu ^). DpeAnpiaxie Ba^KHO h yBiaqaHO fijHCTaTejBHHMx yc- 
JiixoMX *). 



*) Cip. 7. 

«) Cp. BMme, CTp. 203, 204. 
*) Cm. Bwme, cxp. 198, 199. 
*) Cip. 7-9. 



208 



a yTBep^AaK), roBopaTX IlaBJiOBi, 'iio Teopia BemecTsa 
jlOJiffiHa 6htb na^ajiOM'B A-ia Bcix'B 4>H3Hq:ecKHX'B xeopifl, koto- 
pHfl AOJWKHH 6htb cjiij^CTBiflMH nepBofi. HeAOCxaTOKt (|)H3hkh (;^a»e 
IlyjiLe, KOTopyro JleHi^'B nasHBaeTi KJiaccHqecKOio) — cm^cl pas- 
Hopoj^HHxx rnnoTes^. H CTpeMJiiocb k'b e;^HHCTBy leopiH. $hsh- 
KOBX pas^^iJiaioTx jib* cncteMu: 1) aTOMnqecKaa hjih MexaHHiec- 
Kafl H 2) ;^HHaMHqecKaa. Bot'b pacnyiie, Ha KOTopoMi> Jleni^i 
HHKaKi He MoaKeTt co mhoh) coSthcb. Ho gcjih HOB-fefimia Bpe- 
Mena, KaKX npocBtmeHHifimia, cb ropjiocTBio npHnncEiBaron 
€66* qecTB TepnHMOCTH B-fepx, TO MOseT'B jiH 6htb onopo^eHa 
B-L nayitaxx lepnHMOCTB chctgm'l? JleHn;^, 6yJ^yqH noCopHHKOMX 
MexaHHqecKoi! CHCTeMii, OTHaMH^ecKyio 663^ BcaKHXt ;i;oKa3a- 
TejiBCTBt npocTo HasHBaeTx (|)aHTa3ieio. Bi TaKOMt cjiynai 
8(|)Hpi ecTB (|)aHTa3ia Bticmefl cieneHH: h6o cyn^ecxBOBanie ero 
He j^OKasaHO, a xeopia ero coTpaceHift (nrpaioniiHX'B xaKyiopoJiB 
BT> MexaHH^ecKHX'B (|)H3HKax'B) pasBHxa CO BceH) MaxeMaTHqecKOH) 
pocKoniBK). Meat;i;y t^mT) ^iftcxBia chjix pacniHpnxeJiBHOfl h catH- 
MaxejiBHoS jio xoro boojiy omyxnxejiBHH, hto caMLie 4>h3hkh- 
MexaHHEH Hxx Hepi^KO noBTopaioxt ^). 

BoupocB npeBocxojtCTBi xofi hjh Apyrofi CHCxeMH cctb 
BonpocB aKa;^eMHHecKi9. Ho JleHn,^ h npncxynnxB kte* neMy ne 
c^tijajix noHBiTKH. „06ni;ia CBoftcxBa xijii*" BOBcix'B $H3HKaxi 
ecxB cxaxfca, noxoataa na penieHsiio JIeHii;a, rji'k SescBasniiia, 
yKopi yneHBixi, BHKasHBaexca bx caMHxi piBKaxx qepxaxi. 
SI npHBejix Hxt Kx e;^HHcxBy nanajia. JleHBCB ne ynoManyix 
jtaate 06% 8xo3 cxaxB* (Koxopaa o;i;Ha ;i;0JiatHa 6h o6paxHTB bhh- 
Manie yneuaio KpnxHKa). EoneMy ate xaKi, ecJH 6h ohi* xox4ji'b 
;(aTB MoeS $h3hr']& nacxoan^ee nonaxie? 06n^aa 4^H3RKa M02 
ecxB o;^HO Effejioe, csasaHHoe o;^HOH) MHCJiiK). ^xo6h Bce HHcnpoaepr- 
HyxB OAHMMX y^apoM^B, HaAo6Ho 6hjio 6£i j[h6o onpoBeprnyiB aa^ajia^ 



^) Cip. 11, 



— 209 — 

jih(o AosasaTb HenpaenjiBHOCTb beiboaob'l, a He ofisHeaTb ^an. 
xasiflMH. IIpeaBAe qftMB xorixB ^) hjh He xortTB BaHHMaxBca 
^aRTasiaMH, cji'6;i(0Baj[0 ^lOBasaTB, ^to bto to^ho ^aHTasiH bx 
ero cuucjiiy a Be ;^4JI0. Bt y^eHOM'B Mip4 HtTx eine noKa aa- 
Koea npHSHaBaxB sa^aHTaBin to, ht5 npoi^BHO MexaHHqecKSM'B 
noffiiTiaM'B r. JleHi^a. Ecjh Hao6opoT'B nonaTia JleHija o npn- 
pojrt — ^aHTasia, a Moa xeopia ;^iJIO, Tor^^a ^iMx MOJKeTB on- 
paaiaTBca Jleni^'B, nponsneciniS ctojib p'bmnTeJiBHnfi npHro-- 
Bopt?. . Ba^THTe, KaKT* ycxpoeHX onTO'iecKitl yrojn*, uoji^h koto- 
pHMx Jleni^'B 3a6JIa^opa3cy;^HJI'B noBasaTB mojo $H3HKy, cipeMacB 
HeyKJioBHO Kx CBoe8 n.i^H, noKasaTs, hto Moe co^nHenie „He 
sacjiyffiHBaexB HHKaKoro BHHMania" ^). 

Ha nonpcmt jiornKH h ^vuioco^m He JleHAy, Koeeqno, 
6ujio cnpaeaxBca cb moii^hbimb ;tiajieKTHKOMi naBJiOBUMX. IIoBxoMy 
EaBJOB-B H Be^exB bch) nojieMHKy sa noHB'i o6mHX'B pascyat- 
leHifl. Ho KaKx ate ;^4jio o6cxohxi cb H3Jioa:eHieMB $B3HHecK0X'B 
sBjeHifi, rjifk OHHXHoe oko Jleenia 3aMixH.io KpynHBia omH6KH, 
KOTopBia caMB HaBJiOBi, KaKx MH BujsfbjiJi (cxp. 200 — 203, npHM.), 
HcnpaBHji'B B'B nepene^axK* nepsaro xoMa? Bi;^B ohx cb.m% ro- 
Bepwx'B: ^csiieHia, cocxaejiaBomia C0Aep?KaHie (|)H8hbh, ocxaioxca 
T'k a&e; ho BSfJia^'B na ^asxBi, npejicxaejenHBie bx co;^ep2KaHiH 
flayKH, a c^tijiaji'B ipyrofl, a HMeneo, ;^HHaMHqecKifi" '). Bi^B 
B A'la ;^HHaMHCxa o6a3axejibBO H3jiaraxB (|)aRxu aBJiemS xo^ho. 

Ho Aaae SA^CB, r;^^ HaBJOBy npaxoAHJOCB 6e3ycjiOBHO 
CJioxBTb opya^ie nepe^'B cbohmI) hpoxebbhromx, BHaMensxBiM'B 
aRcnepHMenxaxopoMX, h npn3HaB'B cboh omn6BH, noBaaxBca, 
HaBJioBB He cwexca, a roBopnxB cji'feAyiomHM'B xohomi: 

„^xo ate Kacaexca ;i;o yKa3aHiS 6yAT0 fiw Ha omafiKH, xo 
oni He cxoaxx onpoBepatenift, h6o cocxoax'B nacxiio hbb MejiOH- 

HBIXT. npHAHpOKX KB EHpaH^CHiaMB, KOTOptJM'B JleHI^l JISlBTI* 



Cm Bume, cip. 203. 
*) Cip. ii-13. 
^) Ctp. 10. 

14 



210 



npoHSBOJiBHO CBoe SHaMeHie (Banp., pacxoAHMOCXH CBtxa), ae* 
coo6pa3Hoe odiAenpHHATOMy, HacTiK) hsi HecnpaBeAinBuxx yn- 
peBOBi Bx nponycsaxnb loro, hto A^ficxBHTejiBHO ecTL, tojbko ne 
B'B Towh wicrk: hjie CTpaBHii^eH) Bume (cxp. 89), hljih h^cbojibbhmh 
CTposaMH misRe (cxp. 211). EasaoiocB 6u F. JEem^t AOJia&eH'B tiuii 
(o6x ocH c^epHqecBHX'B cTeBOJii) MHTaTB CB Ha^ajsa, (a EacaTejibHO 
saEona TflsecTH) — AOHHTaxB ao soBi^a'' ^). Cboh omHfiBH IlaB- 
jiOBx saMaa^HBaeTB. Hsx 11 cxpaHsi^'B Bcero nncBMa 9T0Hy 
(caMOMy BaaiHOMy nyHBxy) oxBe^eHo jshiub ^/^ cxpaHHi^Ei. 



H'i^Koxopoe oxHomenie bb axofi uoJieunKi hm^sx'b, eeco- 
HB'i^HHO, npe^iiCJiOBie IlaBJioBa bo Bxopofi nacxn ero ,$h3bbh^. 



') Cip. 13. 



9to npejHCJiOBie (otx 28 Ifohh 1836 r., MocKBa) BHCKa- 
suBaei'L MHCJiB aBTopa, ^ocymecTBjeHia KOTopofi ohx Bcerja ate- 
lajix": Bx HayKaxt ecTecTBeHHuxx, KaKX cnncKaxt rapMOHe^ec- 
Baro A^jraro, npupojiEr, ;^oj!Jkho 6HTb ejcnncTBO Hanajia. „BiMoeft 
(f)H30Ki" 8T0 ocymecTBjraeTca; bx oCiaxi ^acxaxi pasBHBaeica 
03H0 HaTOJTO. CorJiacie bhbo;^ob'b cb aBjeniflMH Bt ^'6Jo8 npa- 
poii HeopraHH^ecKofi pyqaeica sa ycnixx h bx HBCji^OBaHia 
npapo^lH opraHH^ecKofl. Bx coepeMeHHBix'L (|)H3HKax'L no locnod- 
mey ez nuxz noHnmia MexauunecKuxo HiTx hh e^inncTBa ea- 
^ajia, HH ;iajKe HJiana HayKH ^). IIoceMy „M0fl$H3HKa*, BucTasja- 
K)maa Ha bh;ix h to, h ;ipyroe, caMa pasBHsaacB bx hoboB ^opM-i 
no HaTOJraMX j^HHaMnHecKHM-B, w^jwot^aa ue ocKopSumh caMOAtoStH 
HfbKomopuxz yueubixz *). Ho nejo^Hoe bx cTopony! 

$H3nKa MexaHH^ecKaa n AiiHaHH'fecKaa mji3L\0Ti> o;(rhx 
npejMeTx: npnqHHH ecTPCTBeHHUXt aBJenifl. HasBaTt jih bth npa- 
9ffHH CBoficTsaMH T^jx Hja ;^taTeJaMH, CHjaMH nptrpojiH, — cjiosa 
He;t4;iaiOTX pasjinqia, $aKTH cocxaBjiaiOTX o6mee locxoanie ofi'Saxx 
^misKiy^), a npHJioaenie MaTeMaTtrqecKaro anaJHsa bobmowho bx 
AHHaMET^ecKofl ^HSHKi He MeHBHie, H'feMX Bx MexaHH^ecKofl. Bee 
paajHqie bx Teopiaxx, bx nonaxiaxx o (j[>aKTaxx. 

Teopin MexanH^ecKia na Kaat;^OMX raary npoTHBop'feTOTX npn- 
pojli, a ;^HHaMHHecKia Bce 6o.Tfee h fioiie oupaBAUBaiOTca aBie- 
^iaMH. ^ero me jtepacatBca ^vlsjiky MucAHU^eMy? 



*) Cp. Bume, CTp. 171 n 208. 

*) IloBHiiiiMOMy, HaMeKi na ^eH^a. 

') Cp. Bume, CTp. 209. 

14* 



— 212 — 

IIpou360Az TyTX HC y M'i^CTa; bx neMi HmeTX onopH ojiHa 
nocpedcmeeuHocmh ^). HcTHHHaa jHofiosHaxejiLHOCTb Tpefiyeii 
y6']&m;(eBis. ^ORajRHTe, hto Ha^ajia 4>s3iiRn MexaHH?ecRofi B:&pH'6e 
BaHajri AHHaMH^ecRofi; nocJi^;i;Hflfl na;(eT'B cana co6ok). A ecJH 
;^HHaMHqecRafl (|)H3HRa ocHOBaiejibH'fee, to hh^to ne BOcnpenaT- 
CTByeTx ea Top^KeciBy! Cpo;tCTBO Mefflt;^y yMOMx h hcthhoio— He 
Me^ia! 



Jleei^'B Bi CBoefi rphthr^ BHpasHJH coaB^ai^Hie (cm. Bume. 
CTp. 204), HTO cjiymaTejiH IlaB-iOBa npHHyffi;i;eHH AOBOJiBCTBOBaTBCa 
HeTOHHHMH CBijieniflMH. ^onycTHMx, HTO Bx jieRi^iaxx HaBJOBa 
nona^iaJiHCB (|)aRTHqecRia omndRH. PasyMteTCa, ;iJia ycBoeHia 
CBOHM'B cjrymaxejiflM'B npeno;^aBaTej[L AOJiTReHx npe;(J!iaraTL BnojHt 
BipHET^ Maxepiajit, HayHHyio ncTOHy. KaRx CMOTpiji Ha 
ji'hjio caMt naBJiOBx? 

Bnine uujT&e hsjioskhjih (cip. 171 h 172) OTHOcamieca cioj^a 
BSFJia^H IlaBJioBa. 06oraGD;eHie yna CB'lAeHiaMH, OTA'i^JiBEHKii 
<|)aRTaMn ne cocxaBjiaeTB BceS dojibbh HayR'B. Ohx noHHMajiB, 
4T0 na CBOHX'B jieRHiiaxx ohx roTOBHTx ne cnei^iajiHCTOBi no 
(j^HBHRi, H ee TOJiBRO npenoAaBaxeJiefi axoro npe;tMexa. Bx Pocciof 
rjiaBHHfi ROHXHHreHT'B o6pa30BaHHBix'B jiioji,eS norjioiii,aexca pasjnq- 
HHMH npaBHxejBcxBeHHHMH yHpeatAefliaMH , rocy^apcxBeHHOK) 
cjyjKfiofi. Boxx noqeMy ^) IlaBjroB'B npHBo;tHXX bb npHJuipB 
jiK);^e3, ex ycnixoMB npoxoj^HBmHXi CAyoicOy, ROxopBie h tobo- 
pax'B. eny, hxo ,,bo Bce npoAOJaKenie cjyaifiH ne BCxpinajiocB 
HU oduoio CAyuas^ ta^ 6u uu momh CA^JiSLTh apaMoe npujome- 
Hie HamHX'B dirojibhbix'b CBi;ceHia; ao hhx'b HHRor;i;a He ji^oxo- 



^) OnHTb, HaAO nojiaraTb JleHi^B. npoHSBOJi']^ h ccHJit boji']&» ^enqa cm. 
BMme, CTp 206 h 207. 

*) Cip. 43 I HaCTH «<I)H3HKH». 



— 213 — 

jiuo j^ijio". Ho 9X2 jrwjtH BcexaKH ofiasaHBi HaysaMx, h6o oh* 
ofipasoeaBx jmi, cdrbAaAu eio na ece cnocoOuujm] 9th jtio^h 
cuiuHBOCTiK), cooOpajKeflieMt h j^pyraMH cnoco6HOCTflMH npe- 
BocxoiiHJiH Bcfexx, KOTOpBie HB HM'fejiH CTOCxia npoxo;i;HTL EypCOBTb 
HayKi. OSpasoeauie ecmt lAaeurbUmaH noAhsa yueuhH,.. CBi^^enia 
sadHBaiOTca, ofipasoBanie ocxaeTca naBcer^ia. HxaK-B rjaBeoft 
i^'b^BK) CBoero npeno;i;aBaHifl nasjiOBi nociaBEuix o6ii(ee o6pa30- 
BaHie, a ne coofimeme ^anxoBi (Koxopoe ^HM-feeTca BiBM^iiy* ^), 
?t5 He noM'Imajio, npaBj^a, IlaBjEOBy, EaKX mbi saif^^xHJiH BHme 
(cTp. Ill) noiroxoBHXb i^ijiyio njiea^iy HSBicxHHxx cnei^iajiHCxoB'B. 
H Bt cejiLCKOMi xosaficxB^j HaBJioBX (cm. BHme, cxp. 109 h 114) 
CTpeMHJca K'L npacnocofijieHiH) HHOseMHtixi xeopiS ki> noxpeS- 
HocxaM'B pyccKoS 5kh3hh h pycCKaro 6Hxa. Tohho xaKi me h b'b 
Bonpocax'B BHcraaro oCpasoBama Boofime naBJOBi cb xoHKHMt 
HyxLeMi npHpoat^oHHaro nedaiota^) yra^HBaeT'B, w6(Jojiie Bcero 
Chjto HyjKHO H ^Tb nojHie y;i;OBJiexBopajro noxpetfHocxH MHHyTH. 
Hay^Haa cneniaJiHsai^ia ecxB jjocToaHie ^08;^H•feftfflefl cxeneHH EyjiB- 
Typn, Kor;^a AocTSFHyx'B yme H'J^ROxopBift 6ojAe hjch MeH'6e BECCORiff 

ypOBBHB paBHOU'fipHOfi 06pa80BaHH0CXE B'B I^^JIOMl o6m6CXBi. 

EcJiH me H'hx'B eme ofipaeoBaHHOCTH, xo aa^o ynoxpeCuxB set 
ycHjia ^jisl pacnpocxpaHeHia ea, xoxa 6u h i^'j^hoh) coo6meHifl Mesb- 
mefi cyMMH $aRX0Bi». $aRXH caMH no ce6i HH^ero ne sna^aTx, — 
6631 xoHEH spiflia, tfes'B npHHn[Hna, no soxopoMy ohh o6eyac- 
laioxca H ^tjiaroxca ^tocxoanieM'B nayEH a o6pa30BaHHOCXH, Ha- 
^ajia H ^pHH^H^LI HyatHie rpyfiofi BMnHpia — boxx mhcjib, eo- 
TopyK) HeojQ;HORpaxHO BncEasBiBaexi IlaBJioBx. 

^axB npHHqHOH h nay^HTB mhcjehtb — 8X0 6hjio i^ifejiBH) 
^rfeaxejiBHOCXH HaB^roBa, 3aMiMxejiBHaa Jora^ecKaa BHpaSoxBa 



1) Crp. 42. 

') llejiarorHHecKia cnocofinocTH IlaBJiOBa CKaaaJiHCb bi ycxpoiicTB'fe ero naH- 
-cioea (Bume, cip. 109 — 111) h bt» ero wanept qHTaib JieKi^in (cip. 115—118). 



— 214 — 

HSJioffieeifl, BHAaiomeeca HsamecTBO h cxpofiHOCTs njiaHa 6uM 
cpeACTBOMi AJia BOcnHTaflia h pasBH'ria MBiniJieHia y CJiymaTe^ieft 
H HHTaiejeS. dia Maeepa llaBJioBa pasBHsajia ^KpBTHqecKift 
Bsrjifl^i'B Ha HavKy" (cp. BHme, cxp. 117). $HJioco$CKie npan- 
D;HnH, AasaeMHe UaBJiOBUM'B ^), coctoajih bx Haxyp^) HJioco(|)iH 
mejiJiHHroBa BanpaB;ieHifl; Koxopyio oh'b nepebiii BEiBesx b'e 
MocKBy. OfitaTOMx, KpoMt ^ep^eHa (BHme, cxp. 115), pascKa- 
BHBaexi, KceHO(j[)OHTi. IIoMeoH bx cbohxx „3anHCKaxx": 

nExMocKBi ysHajiH, »ixo ecxfc $0Jioco(|)ia HexojiBKo (J[)paH- 
DiyscKaa Boxx KaKx npoHBomJio 9X0. 

Bt HHCJit MOJiOAHXt pyccEHXt yqcHUXx, ayxemecTBOBaB- 
rnHXt 3arpaHHi3,eK) jtJia ycoBepmeHCXBOBaaia ce6a bx HayKaxx, ci 
T^MX, hxo6h noxoMX BaHaTb npo^eccopcKyiO Kaee^ipy bx Moceob- 
CKOMx yHHBepcHxex'b, 6hiJL'b H^Exo M. r. UaBJiOBx, qejOB^&Kx ex 
yMOMh Heo6uKuoeeHHUMZ (saM^xflMx, qxo IlaBJiOBx 6ujix son- 
ay ppenxoMX — no „AxeHeK)" — ex „Mockobckhmx Tejierpa(|)OMx % 
uojieMUBHpoBajix ex IIoJieBBiHn, n npHooMHHMX, Hxo Kceno^oHTX 
nojieBod BX o6u^eMx qpesauHafiHO cxporx bx cbohxx oxsHBaxx 
JiK)j(axx u cKynx Ha aoxBajiu). Ohx roxoBEJiea dnxB npo^. 
ceJBeBaro xosaSexBa, ho, sasKexca, jkhbhih 3arpaHHii;eK), 6ojiBUje 
8aHBMaj[ca ecxecxBOBHanieMX, nosBaKOMHJica bx FepMaHis ex 
HaxypajikHOK) 4^Hjioco(|)ieM) TRejuiJiETa, h OBena, BuseBx bx 
MocKBy HicKOJiBKO Hxx eoHHHeflifi, HicEOJtxKO xexpa^OKx, rji!b 



K^Koe ^pe;^CTaBJIeHie MoafHO nojyiHTb o flaBJiOBt h3x cjitAyaomaro 
H3o6paaKeHifl? («Mct. hoboh 4)hji.» Hdepeeta-FeuHHe, cip. 536) •BH'tniHflfl cTopoea 
npHpojibi ecTb oojiacTb aMnnpiH, BHyTpeHHAH— o6jiacTb yMOspi^Hifl. BemecTBO ecTb 
cfitTX, cryiii;eHHbiH u noTeHHeHHbiBi TAHsecTbio npn B3auiiffuonix orpaHH^eniH. 
Cb1>tt>— CHJia pacmapHTejibflafl, TaacecTb— caKHMaiejibHaa*. 3rttcb, Hanp., Hayaa^y 
BbTXBaHeHbi ABa DpeAJio»teHifl ii3'b nocjitAHHxx cjiobx 1. nacTH «4>fl3HKii». 4HTa- 

lejlb COHTCTX IlaBJIOBa KaKHM'b-TO HyaaKOMT), He HMtfl OOlflCHeHifl H He BHAfl npH- 

joatenifl bthxx npHHUHooB'b ki MipoBOwy npoijeccy. Taiin. ace (cxp. 535) nenpa- 
BHJibuoe yKasanie: <OcHOBaHifl (t)H3HKn», M. 1833 (He cRa3aH0, CKOJibKo tohobx, eo- 
r^a ouii Bbimjiii, h ObiJifi jiq flepeH3AaHbi). 



215 



6elsh 3aaHcaHEi hx^ JieRitiii, h 6CRop'6 oCpaTHJii ea ce6a jijo60' 
3HaTejii>Boe BHBMame mojioaiixt* jiiojieS, u omHaHunyio uena- 
mam cmapuxz t/Henuxh. Hsb^ctho, ^to (|>HJioco$ia HlejijrHHra 
jaeri Bsrjia^i na Mipi h BC^fe oTpacjiH snaHia, cosepraeHHO 
npoTHBonojioacHufi Bsrjifljcy onuTHaro 3HaHifl, ;i06e;^eHHaro 6e3- 
j^apHiiMH joojihiiii jio aMHHpHSMa. TeTpa;tBH h SHBrir naeJOBa ne 
TOjbKo pacnpocTpanfljincb ne^Kj^y MOJiOAembfo, ho h npEHHTsr 
6hjih eso ex atapoMx, c% BocToproMx, ch ysjie'EeHieM'B. Mnorie 
eiyj^eHTu yHHBepCHTexa npanajiBCb nsy^aTb IIIejiJiHHra, OseHa 
H Bxx nocjiiAOBaxejiefi. IIoj^x BJiiaHieMx aToro nonaro yqenia 
HaqajiH ABJiflTbca cxaTBn ;^axeB'EcaMOM'B ^B^CTHHR^EBponu" ^). 

Mh He Cy^eMi 3;^•fecb B^^aBaTBca bx KpHTHKy yqenia nieji- 
jHHra. KaBOBa 611 hh 6ujib. axa ^Hjocoif^ifl, ona 6Krj[a nepnaa, 
KOTopaa Bx MocKB-fe, TorjianiHeM'B vMCTBeHHOMt ueHTpi Poccin, 
noiyqajia 6ojibinoe pacnpocTpaHeHie. 

Ho caMofl Haxypt CBoefl IlaBJiOBx 6uji% cosi^anx nponarae - 
j(HCTOMi> H nonyjiapHsaTopOMx. Ho CBoeMy nonyjrapHsaTopcKOMy 
TaaaHTy OHt jiaJieRO ociaBjaeTX 3a co6ok) Jiyq[mHX'L pyccRHXx nn- 
caTCJiefi BX TaROMx poA*, RaRX nanp., 4- J^- Ilucapeea; Ila- 
BaoBx npeBocxoj^HTTb Hxx H no HecpaBHeHHofi acnocTH mhcjih, h 
no 6e3^o;^o6HOMy asuRy. Snepria h cM-fejiocTb noBatopa RaRx 
Hejibsa .lyqme CJiysREAH u'fejiaH'B nponaraHjtu. 

Ero cxapania pacnpocxpannxb ^zjiocoi^iK) h ycxHHM-b, h 
nHCbMeHHMM'b nyxeHi, RaRx nocpe^tcxBOMx mypnajiOB'b, RHBrx, 
TaBi H nyxcMx JieRD;i8 bi ynHBepcaxexi, BJIa^opo;^HOM'b HaH- 
cioHi, cpe^H yqameflca MOJio^eatH, h cpe;^H i^ijiaro ofimecxBa 

He OCXaJHCb CeSOXBiTHblMH. Cx o;^HoS cxopoHH, naBJIOBX co- 

Opajix BORpyri ce6a no^xn Bcixi inejiJHHroBAeB'b, cbohx^ roji- 
jren no vHHBepcuTexy, ^aBUj^oBa, Haj^eaRjtHHa, MaRCHMOBHHa h 
Jipyrnxx Jnll^^> h, Bwcfccxi ex hhmh lI3;^aBaJI'b cboS ^AxeHeS," 
HacM'iHy RoxopoMy BHCxynHJi'b ^TejecRonx" xoae raeJUHeroBi^a 



') Crp. 85, 86. CiaTSH ^^BMftOBa h Hafteaci;HHa. 



— 216 — 

Ha^eatj^HHa. HaBJiOBi cxpeMHJica apHBjeqB Kt ^tijiy jiaae nHoropoff- 
BBx-B ^0Cvli;^0BaTeJefi IlIejiJEHHra, KaK^ ^. M. BeAAaucKmo. Ct jipy- 
ro3 CTopoHu, IlaB.iOB'B BOcnHTa.ii> ii^Jioe ^HJioco^csoe nosoji'iHie 
MOJiOAwx'B me.iJiHHroBi^eB'B h rerejeBiieBi. B^ IlaBJiOB'fe Bmijin cbo- 
ero yHHTejfl HjenH KpyatKa Beueeumuuaea e eh. JB. 6. Odoeecnaw 
(„06mecTB0 JlH)6oMy;^pifl"), hb-b KOToparo Bapocx HorowHCKifi spy- 

aKOKX „MoCKOBCKaroB'feCTHHKa" (cp.BHine,CTp. 1 16).KpOM'fe9TO- 

ro Bpy^KKa mojiojiux'b mejuHHrOBi^eB'b, oti UaBJioBaate nome.i'LH^py- 
rofi KpyatOKX— rerejieBi^eB'L. Hb'b rH-feaj^a IlaBJiOBa BKUieTtjiH iobhc 
opjiw — H, B, CmoHHeeuHTi h M. H. Kamnoez. IlepBfiiS, no cuoBaMi 
repD;eBa, ^oBepniHJi'B k^jlo IlaBJcoea ocHOBaHieMt BTopoS reeepai^iH 
(|)0jioco4)CKHX'B KpyatKOBi (cp. BHme, cxp, 116), KaxKOB'L^Ke (paBBO 
H ;i;pyrie y ^eHHBH IlaBJiOBa, naBi eanp., Fepr^eHi*) 6njiHHXi>BasHBiiiH 
HjeHaMH H ynacTHHEauH. A ns'b CxaHBeBu^eBa Bpyssa y^ 
ofipasoBajiHCk jtpyrie (nanp., Bpy^sBH sana^^HQBOB^b s cjiaBSHO- 
(|)HJiOBx), KOTopHMX 6mjio cy«At3H0 nepeco3;i;aTj> pyccKyio Kyjis- 
Typy BTopoS noJTOBHHBi Hamero B'bBa. 

Ho axoTx nepeneHB 3acj[yrT> IlaBJiOBa bx OTHomeeiH Moc- 
BOBCBaro yHaBepcBTexa, pyccsofi aKypeajiHCTjaBH h (j^hjoco^^ckbx'b 
EpysLKOBi QujL'h 6u He aojiOH'B 6e3i ysasaHifl eii^e Ha oaho 
o6cxoaxej[i>cxBO. naBJiOB'& nopo^HJiT* (xoxa h ROCBeHHo) eo^e omo 
BecBMa BaatHoe xenenie pyccKOfi Jiaxepaxypu h atypHajiHCTHKir. Mh 
pasyM^eMt „ MocKOBcaifl TejEerpa^^* " H.A. HoAeeoio^ aypHajii, 
ojiHO BpeMfl nepBeHCTBOBaBfflifi noqxla nepasj^'fejiBHO h OBaBHBaB- 
miS orpoMBoe BJiiflHie na yMu n BBycu ^axaxejiefl. 

^B'B ]5,o^i IIonoBa (HBana BacHJUBeBH^aa, BHHroxoproBi^a h 
yHHB. xHnorpa(|)iuHBa)", paBCJtasuBaex'B Ec. UoMeoA ^j, ^no- 
^'j^n^ajiacB seMje^t^jiBqecBafl inBOJia, fa'^ jijiLi^ewio^wh 6iui 
HaBJOBx (cp. BHHie, cxp, 109), a ojbihhm'b hb^ noMOmnnKOBi — 
Hesa^ojiro nepe;!;^ xiMB OKOH^HBinia Kypci bb yHHBepcaTexi 
BacHJiia Afl^ipeeBflq'B Anapocoeh (yMepmifi bb 1841 r.). Ohi 

^CTp. 89. 



— 217 — 

iuii qejOBJ^K'B, saM'^faiejibHiift cb^tjetmi yifOBfE, jiio^obbk) ki 
npocBimeaiio n opHrHHajiLHOCTBH) bi pasroBopt. IIbijkoctb ero 
6uu TaROBa, ^to ohi saHHuaJiCii bcI&m'b, qT6 tojibso MOseTi 
saHHMaTB yHx n 6jiaropo;i[HyH> Aymy^ ho hhjiroctb ^se ;i;iji[aJ[acB 
npHHGTHoS, ^TO OHi 6£iJii> ocaBrjUB^flB^, yBjeBajiCfl, JierRO npn- 
iom^T> B'B rHtBi, He jKoroBapHBaji'B cjiob'b, GopMOxaji, npu^^ 
csajiB cJiH)Heio, Kor;i(a roBopHJi'B. n HHOr;i[a sani^nn^aJi'B Hecoo6- 
pasHOCTB. Ofm coo6tuecmea ch llasAoeuMh owh BCBop'fe cjci^JiajECfl 

OTqaflEHHlfB meJIJIBHrHCTOMT*, H BCTp^THBinHCB y noaOBa CB 

Hes. AjeRcteBuqeii'B, HpesBuqafiso saHHTepecoBaj'B ero hobhmh 
Torja y naci H;ieiJMH H^Mei^ROfl ^hjoco^Ih (cp. Barae, crp. 
112, npHM. 1). I],'6jine Beqepa npoxojiHJiH bx cyat;^eHiflx'B h 
cnopax'B Hefi, h aroro ^btjo j^ocTaTO^HO ffjia BOCnpisM^HBaro 
Moero 6paTa. Ohb ycBOHJiB cefit HiROTopHa H^ea TpaHC^eHJ^eH- 
lajiBHofi 4^HJioco<{)iH, CTaji'B HBTaTB BHHrn, HanBcaHHUfl bi ;i[yxt 
ea, n 6hjii» y,ace npHBepmeHmeM'B hobhx'b B3rjifl;i;o6'B, RorjO[a 
cvj^bda c6jiB3HJia ero co mhofhmb mojio^bimb jiio^^bmb, Bsy^aB- 
mHMB Hl^MeuRyK) ^vijioi^joiljfm^ . Pa3yM']&eTCfl, 8tb MOJ[o;];Bie jiyoahl 
5iJj[B TO^e y^eHRRB naBJiosa (cp. eume, crp. 215), e cb hhmb 
TO BCTpt^aJica PosaHOB-B B'B ^lOM* HojieBoro, (cp. BHrne^CTp. 118). 
y^HoeuH BsrJia;!;^ ^), 6HBniia CAtbdcmeieM^ suanoMcmea H, 
A- Ha ci gSuAOco^ieto TIlejL%uma^^ CBH^^tTejiBCTByeT'B totx ae 
Ec. jQojieBofi, rjiaBHBiif coxpy^tHBR'B CBoero SHaMeHHraro 6paTa, 
^dupaofcaACH wh „Mocbobcbomt> Tejierpa^t" ex canaro nauaAa 
aroro aypeajia. B-b cJ!'fe;^yH)mi8 ro;i;i Tami 6buo ;iobojibho CTaxefl, 
MOSKeTx 6h:tb, ;^aae iizjivLmEe npoBBRnyTBix'B hoboh) Torjta ^hl- 
jroco4)ieK); ho ^KypnajiBHaa caffaTiiiiBOCTB visjiB,rejisi Oujib, TaROBa, 
HTO OH'B HBRor^a He yBjreRajrcfl bb o;i;Hoo6pa3Hoe nanpaB.ieHie, 
Bcerw BM-fca bx BB;i;y oCn^eocTB cbohxx qaxaTejieS... IXocjit ouh- 
caBHaro mhok) mosho <$hjo 6u noAynaTB, hto ({>Bj[Oco<t)ia jf,0Jix,Ba, 
fifiijia ^peo6JIa;^aTB bx „ Mockobcbomx Tejierpa(|)4. '^ Ho xaMi 

») Crp 157. 



218 



6£ipaasa;iacB ona tojilro bi uanpaeAenm CTaxefi, bo bsfjiaa^ h 
HHKorjia He BHTiceajia ;i;pyrHX% Hacxefl npocBtmeHia. SaMi^y, 
KaBx BaaKHoe ;^octohhctbo, jtijiaromee ocodeHHyio nacTB nsjja- 
xeJiK), 1T0, c;^'feJIaBmHCB peeuocmnuMh nocAndoeameMMh mpan- 
(meHdenmaAhnoH 0uAOco^m^ ohi ee eicBamaji'B flSBisa xepMe- 
HaMH H BBrpameHiiiMn ea, tchhumh a^sa pyccKBxx ^HTaxejiefi. 
Bx STOMx M03KH0 BH;^•feTB npeHMymecTBo ero Haix t-Smh naca- 

TejflMH pyCCBHMH, KOTOpue, HaHElHafl rOBOpHTB (j[)0J[OCO^CBHM'B 

flsuROM'B, npeBpamaiOT'B pyccsifi fl3£iRi> ^) bi sapBapcsoe d^*]^" 
njienie HenonaTHHX'B cjobx h pyccKia cjiOBa nepe;i4j!HBaK)Tx na 
H'feMe^Bi8 Jia;^x, xaKX hto b'b hhx'l ocxaiOTCfl o;^hh xojibko pyc- 
CKie SByKM. Bt „Mockobckomi Tejierpa(J)i " adpaeun^ ethpnuH 
udeu ^) E3JiarajiHCB ashrom'b noHaxHUSfB h He3aM'6xHO ycBOH* 
BajiHCB HHTaio^eK) nyfijHROK). 3xo moscho npiiSHaxB BejiHROK> 
ycjiyroK), ORasaHHOio H. A. IlojEeBHMi. ]lfi noaBjenia „Mockob- 
CRaro Tejierpa^a" 6hjio HanenaxaHo jihob HicROJiLKO cxaxefi, 
HancicaHHHX'B bi dyxtb HoeoUt ^umco^iu^ ho h x^ dnjin ho 
BC']^ y^naiHfii, HMeHHO noxoMy, qxo HSJiomeaie bx^b RasaoiocB ne- 
noHaxHO. Bi „Mocrobcromi Tejerpa^i" ne roBopnjH npaMO o 
^E[.ioco4)iH, HO npu ecsKOMb CAyuafb nepej^aBaoiH nonaxia b bu- 
Bow 6a. TasHMx ofipasoM'B H. A. IIoJieBod cnoco6cxBOBaji'L ne 
xojiLKO pacapocxpaHeHiH) sdpaeou ^hjioco^Ih, ho h pi^niHxejiL- 
Hoft no64;^'fe ea Ha;!^ ^yBCXBeHHOio, MaxepiaJBHOK) ^HJoco^ieia, 
Roxopaa ^0 xix-B nopi» rocnojicxBOBajia y nacB naAi bc^mh 
ynaMH. Enie aa h^crojibko Jilix'B npeasjie, bi ^BtcxHHEi Eb- 
poou^ HHcajiH 4>^<AO<^o<j[>iH JIoRBa H npe^^arajin bubo;(h ea, 
KaRx BHBo;iH caMOfi MyjipocxH; ente 6o-ii>niHHCXBo oCpaaoBaH- 
HMXi jno^efi noHHxajo 4>i<^oco$aMH rejiBBen;ia, Beficca h j^ase 
oxBpaxHxejiBHaro 6apoHa FojiBSaxa ci» KOMnanieK). Bx HeMHoro 
BpeMeHH dXH RYMnpH 6hjih HHcnpoBeprnyxu, h hx'b cxajiH Basu- 



») CTp. 158. 

*) 0^eBH;^Ho, H KceHo^oHTt HojeBoft yejieKajca (qepesx 6paTa?) ({)Hjio- 
co({)ieE) HlejiJiHHra (cp. BHme, CTp. 215). 



— 219 — 

BaxB (|)HJioco(|)aMH He BHaqe, kslkt* bi> eacMiiiiKy. Momno rop- 
pxLca xaKOK) sacjiyroio". 

H xoTfl Bnocji'fe;iCTBiH „ATeHefi" IlaB.ioBa BCTynajit cl 
flMocKOBCKOM'L Tejierpa^OMx" bi nojieMuicy ^), xota IlaBjioBx 
H3J^iBa;ICfl HaA'B yBjeneHieMx IIojieBoro, 6yAT0 6h He noHHMaB- 
maro cyTH (|)H.iioco(|)iB, a bi „Mockobceom'l TeJierpaiJ)*" IlaBJiOBa 
HecTHJiH „IaTpoco(|)HCTOM'B," HO HO BHinenpHBe;^eHHOMy cbh- 
;iiTejihCTBy OKasHBaeTca, hto BJiiaTeJiBHHfi „ MocKOBCKifi Tejie- 
rpa(|)'L" 6eiji'l o;i;flOio hs^ MHornx't bojih'l ToroMomHaro yMCTBCH- 
Haro ;^BHateHifl, Koiopoe hcxo;ihjio otl IlaBJOBa, KOTopoe 6hjio 
o6a3aHO cbohmt* cymecTBOBaHieMi* ero orpoMHUM'L h pa3HOo6pa3- 
HHMx TajraHTaMT), ero oparnHajiBHOMy yny h KpinKOtt BHepria. 

OaBjiOBi cTajiH KaK^ 6y;i;T0 nosaSuBaTb. Ho ero hme 
HeasrjiaAHMHMH qepiaMH sauHcano bx Hcxopifo MocKOBCKaro ynn- 
BepcHTeia h bi* HCTopiio pyccKofi KyjiLTypH 20-x'b h 30-x'b ro- 
^^OBt. Ero HCTopHHecKaa pojiB sawiOHajiacB bx tom'b, hto ohs 

npHBHJX MOCKOBCKOfi HHTeJIJIa^eH^iH HieJIJIflHrOBy $HJIOCO(|)iH) a 

Bi CHJiy ocodeHHOCxeft CBoefl HaxypH, necMoipa na ^oinaaH- 
Hyio HeHaBHCTB CTapHXx yneHHXx", KoropHxt 6hjio „He Majo" 
(cp. CTp. 205 H 215), cyMijit pacniHpHTB 9to yMCTseHHoe 
BJiianie ao o6mepyccKaro HanpaBJieHia. IlaBJOBa, a ne ^py- 
roro Boro, Ha;io6HO c^HTaxB oti^omx tofo jiBHatenia , ko- 
Topoe H30fflJio Hst MocKBH H coBepmeHHO o6hobhjto pyccKyio 

MHCJL. IlaBJOB'B CJlfbJl9LJll> CBOC JlfkJlO CI» nOMOni,LfO TOft me $HJIO- 

co(|)ia, KOTopyio b-b XXeTepSypri nponoBi^HBaJiH ^Ba lajiaHTjiH- 
BBie HejiofiiKa, ^. M, BeAAauaciti u A. E. PaAum, Ho He ohh,, 
a IlaBJiOBx CTaJii> poAona^ajiBHHKOM'B niejuinnroBofi ^n;ioco(|)iQ 
Bx PocciH. 



M dTOi JloOonHTUOft nOJieMHKi MU nOCBflTHlfB OCOCufl 9TH)A'B. naBJIOB'69 

KaRi zypHaJCHcTi h jiHTepaTopi, mh npeAnoJiaraeM'L roBopHTL b'b ApyroM'B 

O^HHeHiH. 



YIL 

IIpzdaB jseHiJ!. 

IlHCBMa a;. M. BejuiaHCKaro. 

Hane^aTaHHHfl nnctMa BejuancKaro 6hjih y^e yKasaHH 
Ha CTp. 82 — 83 nacToameS KHHra. Bci bth nncBwa HMiroii 
BecBMa BaatHoe SHanenie, kb.k'l jijie 6iorpa4)iH BejuancKaro, 
TaKx Msi HCTopiH ero JHTepaxypHoft A^HTejiBHOCTH h jijie HcropiH 
mejiJiHHroBa HanpaBJieHia Ha PycH. Bi oHCBMax'B kx HaejioByH 
KH. 0;^oeBCKOMy BejuancKift pascKasHBaeTt o cyAi>64 CBoeft (|)b- 
jioco(|)CKoft AiflTejiLHOCTH. 9th ffie ;^Ba nucBMa, a paBHO h hhcbmo 
Kx PosanoBy pncyiOT'B OTHomenia BejiJiaHCEaro kx jipyrHMi 
mejiJiHHrOBi^aM'B MOJioate ero. SanacKa k% PosanoBy JiioConHTHa 
noTOMy, HTO ofipncoBHBaeT'B B3rjifl;i;Ei Me;i;HKa BeJiJiaHCKaro na 
jre^enie Cojiisnefl. Bt* BHji;y Toro, ^to aia niicBMa pascSsHH no 
atypHajiaMi, ne Bcer;i;a Haxo;^aI^HMCfl ^o;^^ pyKOio (KaKOBX, nanp., 
o^eHB pi^iKiS ^TejiecKoni" Ha;temAHHa ) , a n Mejii ne- 

JIHniHHMl C06paTB HXX BO e;^HHO BX CaMHX-B TOHHHX'B H 6yK- 

BaJiBBBixi Koniaxx. .IV2 1. IIhcbmo ki> kh. OjtoeBCKOMy, JV2 11. 

— IV. OipBIBKH 031 HHCeM-B KTi PoSaHOBy, .IVs V. TOffie K/B 

PosanoBy, JY2 VI. IIhcbmo k'b PosanoBy, .JVs VII. IIhcbmo kt> 
HaBJioBy. K'B axoMy npHCoejiHHaeM'B no;^i JVs VIII — c;i;ijaHHHfi 
^. M. Be.oaHCKHMi betsobT) (oTKpuToe HHCBMo) Ha CHOP'S 061 
ero ^^HSHKi". 



Ki I. 



(IlHCbMO K-B KH. B. 0. OjoeBCKOMy, 0T% 17 iiojifl 1824 r.). 

Bame CiHmeMcmeo, MuAOcmvsuH Focydaph 

BAaduMipi Gedopoeuml 

He p'^ABO noiiyqaJii a, us'b pasHux'B m^ctx Pocciii, 

JieCTBHe RO MH'£ OTSHBEI 0T1> HeSHaROMHXl MH']^ JIHICB; HO 

HBCBMO Bamero ciflxejiBCTBa bocxhthjio mchh HaH6oji']&e! IIoTra 
sa ABawaxL je'&t'b npeA'B chmi , a nepBufi BOdBicTvui'h 
PocciScKoS ny6j[HB'& o hobuxx nosHaHiflX'B ecTecTBeHHaro Mipa^ 
ocHOBaHHUx'B Ha 6eoco(|)H^ecKOMx noHflxiH, ROTopoe, xoTH sa^a- 
jLoch y HjiaTOHa, ho odpasoBajocb h cospijo bx Hleji.THHr'fe. 
TaBOBua nosHaHifl othochjix a eAHHCTBenHO k'l ^HSHqecjsHM'b 
npe;^MeTaM'B, ne npHHapaBJiBBan ohux'b he B'BRasHM'B nponcme- 
CTBiflM'B BT> o6jiacTH ^lyxa ^eJiOB'i^qecBaro; o^naKO ^e h '.KOTopne 
HS'B HamEXi yqeHBix'B, ne Mormn hh noHflXB, hh onpoBeprHyxL 
MoSxx aojosseflijl, ciapawincB npeACTaBHXB ohms npeAOcy^naxejib- 

HHMH Bl MOpajbHOMl H peJtHriOSHOM'B CMHCJI'Jk. ^0 Mpa'IHUX'B 

oficxoaxe-ibCXB'B wa npocBin^enia bi HameMx oxenecxB-fe, a ho 
cipaniHJicfl nycxHxi nap'^BaHiS. Ho cb xoro BpeMeHH, BaB'B 06- 
CBypaHTHSM'B Hanajn ynpaBMXB EOJiecHHn;eH) pyccBaro 0e6a, 
yaiacnyjica a otx xynx, OEpyatHBniHX'B onyK), e ocxaroCB bx 
CesA^fiCTBiE. 



— 222 — 
A$op03MH Bainero ciaTe.ibCTBa, noMimeflHue b^ MneMO- 

SEHt, HHTaJIL fl CI BeJfHHaSniHM'B yAOBOJIBCTBieMl, lA npH3HaK)Cb. 
qTO H3l BCixX HaBiCTHMXi MH* yqeHUXX PoCCiflH^ BBI OAHH 

aonajia nacTOflii^ee saa^eHie (l^ajioco^m, Hama ny6jiHRa bi 
o6pa30BaHiH CBoeMi> cji'tAyexx npeHMymecTBenHO (|)paHiny3CKofl; h 
BecbMa xpyjiHO nosHaKOMHTb OHyio Cb bucokhmx jiyxoMi Haxy- 
pa;iLHOd ^awco^'w. IIoceMy a si AyMaio, ^xo Bamx cnocod es- 
AaBaHifl MneMOSHHu ecxb caMwfi Jiy^uiifl. HaAo6HO A^xefi saaa- 
^axb npexijie HrpyniaaME, htoou nocjib noRasaxb hm'b qxo Hii6yj(B 
Ba^iHoe. BecbMa MHoro maxepiaJiOBi a-^a Bamero nai^aHifl 
idoasexe bu naSxe bi HtMenROMi* s&j^Ea.Ji'b^ usAaeaeMOMib OReHOMi: 
Isis, Oder Encyclopedische Zeitung, von Oken. Ohi Ha^ajica 
ci» 1817 ro^a h npoAOJiffiaexca no HBint. Hax Bctxx EBponeficKHXT> 
yqeHHxt atypna-iOBx Isis ecxb coBepaieHHtflmift. ^HCcepxai^iH Moefi 
na JiaxancROMi flSbiRt ne ocxajiocb y juena ho oahofo 3R3eMn.iflpa, 
sa H IIpoJiK)3iH ;i;aBH0 yise nixx. Si no cjiyqaio Aocxaj-b 9R3eMn- 
jiapi, BT> KoxopoMx Rxo-xo nepeBOAHJit c;iOBa, h Meoria secbMa 
HenpaBHJibHO. Bm^cxo Anccepxai^iE, nocujisno Bawi Ofiospime $h- 
jioco(J)HqecRaro ecxecxBono3eaHia, nepeBOAX> CBixi h xenjioxi h 
$fl3ioJiorHqecRyK) nporpaMMy, sa Roxopyio npn 6uBweu'h MHHHCxpi 
napoAHaro npocBimenia, Rnast roJiHUHHt, qyxb a ne nocxpaAaJi! 
n OHi He noBBOJiHJix lan^ npeno^aBaxb FaJi-iOBoS RpaHiocRoniff, 
Roxopott nacRaaajiH eMy, hxo onaa npoxHsna xpncxiaflCEOft pe- 
jmrin! 

IIpHHOca BameMy ciaxe^bCXBy HCRpeHntBrayK) mofo fijiaro^ap- 
HOCXL saBanie ro mh* fijiaroBOJieHie, ocxarocb Bamx noRopajkB- 
mifi cJiyra Jt^annjio BejiJiaBCRifi, cxaxcRiB coBbxHaRi e aKaAeMHRX 
HMnepaxopcRofi MeAHRO-XEpyprnqecRofl ARaACMia Bt CanRxne- 
Tep6yprt. 

(IToAJiHHeHR'b Bx 1864 r. xpann-ica bx ^epmnodCKoH 
6H6jiioxeR'i). 



— 223 — 

Xs II. 

(Hsi QMCbMa Ki H. PosaeoBy bi MocKBy ott, 24 Maa 1829 r., 

cxp. 106). 

CxapaSTecb Be 6uTh doJibHUMi. ^ii3Hb rpiniHHBOB'L tojibbo 
;iojia;fla yApy^axtca fioJitsHflMH, a npaeej^Hei^H, atuBymie coo6- 
pasHo npe^cTaBJiaeMofi hmh uA&'k Bora, em']&k)T'b cbohm'l yjufbuoiiTy 
npaBOxy ^yxa h Kptnocxb xijia. 

Xs III. 

(OipLIBOK'B H3'B DHCBMa OX'L 4 aup'J^JIfl 1830 F. B'L MoCfiBy Bl 

H. PosaHOBy, bi ero cxaxbi cxp. 121). 

$B3HKy HeopraHBqecKaro Mipa a He BOH^y eiqe B'L ui- 
CROJibBO M^Cfli^eBi; ^"bMi ;iaw!i']ke b'b HeS no^iBHrafocb, x'^mi 6ojLte 
OHa pacnpocxpaHflexcfl. A cxaparocB npe^cxaBEXB nayay no^- 
Po6bo, ocHOBaxejibHo, noHaxHO. Jl^Jia cero xpe6yexca BeJinqaflmaa 
pasCopqHBOcxb h cxporaa xo^hocxb bo Bctxx co3B;^aK)I^HX'b 
OHyK) BOMdHHaAiaxii; npocxoH HapoA7» He Momexx nojiBSOBaxbca 
MOBMH C04HHeHiaMH; noBepxHOCXHo yqenuMi ohh He no BBycy. 
O^BaBO HaA'6K)Cb, HTo B'L PoccIh MHorie pa3MbiniJiaH)m,ie h oc- 
TpoyMHLie JIH)AH He npeneoperyxx nojiK)6onuxcxBOBaxi> Moeio $h- 

3HK0fi. 

K2 ly. 

(OxpfiiBOBT> B31 oHCbMa oxi 16 ifOHa 1831 r. bi> Po3aHOBy, 

xaMi me, cxp. 121). 

B-B Ilexepfiyprt ao ceft nopH eme ne posAano h 50 6h- 
^exoB'B upeHyMepaHxaMx, a b'b XapbBOB']^, npn bc^X'b ycHJiiax'B 
MacjiOBBqa, ejnha, HanuocB mecxB oxoxhhbobi noAHHcaxbca na 
coHBHenie. Ho a 061 bxomi He saCo^ycB: EHHra Cy^texx pac- 
BynjieHa, Bor^a BbtBA^x'B bi cb'j^x'b, h ysnafoxi Miicjian^ie Jijoflji 
Ba caMOM'B jifhJLb ea coAep^BaniH. 



— 224 — 

(Otx 14-ro flHBaps 1832 r. ki PosanoBy wh MocKay, 

TaMt ate, cxp. 130). 

Bh He TaKx sjKopoBBi! CTapaSxecb H36'6raTL bc^tl bos- 
MOSHUxi npHHeHT, epeiiHUxi BameMy 3ji[opoBBH). CoB'^Tyio saMs 
BecTH asHSHB KaKi MoatHo Cojte (J)JierMaTHHecKyK), He Hanpa- 
raTbca, He pasropaTOXbca, ne cyeTHTBca bx TOJiKyqeMi pajty 
nipa cero; a anxB thxo, ho^^oCho pacTeniio. Torjta TOJbKO mo- 
aceTe nsfiaBHTBCfl oti BOBMyu^eHifi b^ KpoBeHOceofi CHCTeu'i^ 
Bainero T'fejia, yCTpeMjraEon^HX'B EpoBB rx rojiOB'6. 

(hsi Toro ;Ke nacBMa, cxp. 122). 

Xoxa ^jieHH AKa^eMiH (HayK^) bcIj no^xH H'fejmBT, ho hh 

o;i;hhi He noHHMaexx hh lUejiJiBHra, hh Cxe^enca. A noxoMy 

$H3HRa Moa fljia hbx'b ne no Bsycy (IIoAaBx CBoe coHHHeflie sa 

upeniK) ^eMHjiOBa, BejJiaHCRifi coMH'j^BajiGfl bii cnpaBeAJiHBoS 

OI^tHKi). 

Xs n 

(IIhcbmo kx PosaHOBy bi Th^jhcl otx 15 ack. 1833 r.). 
IIhcbmo Bame no^y^HJix a sa xpii ;^Ha ;i;o mohx-b HMeHiiHi, 
BOxopK[a npaBj^HOBajiBCB cb iiysBiBoio h xanuaMH, b'b nepe;iiJiaH- 
Hofi H yBeJiH^eHHofi MoeSi EBapxap*]^. 

Boa2Kx> Mofl B'B MajiopocciH) 6ujii> njia. Mena oqenB BeceJCB 
H y;^aTOe'B. H Buixajix hs-b Ilexepdypra 13-ro iiojia, h Bosopa 
xHJica ;tOMoft 20-ro aBrycxa. Bx KieBT> ixaJi'B a nepesx Bijo- 
pycciio, a b'b nexep6ypri BosBpamaJica nepeax MocKBy. B'B 
KieB*]^ a ntipoBaji'B BoceMB jKneS, a b'b po;^hmomi» MoeMx ropojii 
BopsH'fe upodHJi'B qexHpe ;nHa, rjii coyqenHKH h xoBapnmH 
;r£xcxBa Moero yron^ajiH h npoBo^najiH Mena co BceB03M0SHUMi 
ycepj^icM-B n pa;^yI^ieMx. Bi Mockb'6 npomnwii a xaKa:e qexnpe 
AHa, oxx 12 jio 16-ro aBrycxa MocKOBCRie npo^eccopEi OKasajiH 
uwb caMBifi jiecxHHfi n ^^pyacecxBenHHS npienx. IlaBJioBX A'^JIaJ^ 
;^jra Mena BejiHROJi'inBBifi o6tji,%j va^ a nosnaROMBJica co mho- 
THMH yHnBepcHxexcBHMB npo(})eccopaMH, oco6jihb6 cb ^aBU^^OBUMi, 



J 



— 225 — 

flajte;R;(HHlIM'B, IoBCKHMX H Ajlb<|»OHCRBM'b. nOCJi'6 O&ijla^ B'b 

^ffSE^ecBOM'b Ba^HHeT'b IlaBJiOBa a Oecb^OBSui^ cb hums qacoe'B 
BoceMb. MocEOBCEie yneHHe uyBCTByioT'B bch) BaasHOCTb $hjio- 
co(|^CKaro eciecTBOSHaHifl, xoth hq ojibhi hsi ehxi He noH^Ji'B 

MOeS ^BSEBQ. OhQ npHFJiaiUaJIH MeHfl ^aXB HMI^ H^CSOjIbRO 

jieRuiS Bsx HaTypaji&BOfi (i)ii;ioco(i)iB, ho a ne mof'b ocxaBaTbcfl 
y HHX'L H Ha naxb ;i;Hefl. TenepB npewararoTT* mh* npiixaxb btb 
MocBBy Ha ii^'kiiifi flHsapb hjth ({)eBpaj[b h apoHHiaTb xaMi, ma 
UHorHX'b co6paHH£ixi QMH cjiymaxejiefi, jiBajmaxb jiesn^ifi, sa 
KOTopbia ^^aioxx mh* ;^BajmaTb xHca^b (accnrHai^iaMM) pyfijiefi. 
Ho Bt axo Bpena a He Mory oxjiyqaxbca a Ha ^.bb, j[n& h3i IlexepCyp* 
ra Mh* M02KH0 yisataxb xojbeo Ha aBrycxTb M'fecai^i, Kor;ta b'b 
Baraefl aKaJ^eMiH BaKa^ia. Moa.ex'B-OHXb 3% 6y;^yu^eM'B aBrvcxia 
H ao^Ay B'B MocKBy jiJisi npenoAaBania xaM'B jieKi^iS, xoxa bx 
TO Bpena Majo CBi^exca CJiymaxejieiB, xaB'B EaBi) BnaMeHHTBie n 
SoraiHe yneHBie yfesmaiox'b xorjua hsx Mocebli j^omoB. 

„$H3eEa Moa noniJia bt> u^okslmj atHBte. ^pesi ro^'B 
Moasexx Cbixb BBIfl;^eT•B nai pyEi mohxi h j^pyraa, oprannqecEaa 
(i){i3HEa, EJiH (})H3iojioria, 3a Eoxopoio AOJi^Ena Syj^eT'B hocj'&ao- 
Baxb anxponojioria. EnHry Bamy a nojiyHHJix ox% r. $paHi^eHa. 
Oea nepeBejteHa npeBOCxo^iHO na pyccEiS asHEb, h BecbMa no- 
jiesna 3aHHMaH)iii,[iMCa cxaxHCTHBOio. KasoBO ona pacxo^nxca? 
SI iiyMaK), He xaKT* mafiRo". 



JT2 rii. 

HncbMO r. npo(|)eccopa BeJuiaBCEaro ex r. npo(|)eccopy IlasAoey. 

CnByprx, waa 29, 1834. 

IlponiJiaro Mapxa 17 ;^Ha, nocjiawi'b a ex BaMX, npesx F. 
C..., Eypcb ^HsiojrornqecEHxx mohxx JieRniifi, HaM'fepeBaacb h3- 

15 



— 226 — 
ASLTh Bi> cBiTi MOH) ^HsioJioriio, a xoTtjii noEa3a,Tb oHyio npe;[- 

BapHXeJIbHO TEKHMt JTHaaM'b yqCHOft PoCCiftCEOft nyfijlHKM, EOTO- 

pua MoryTt noHHMaxL h r^iHHTL co^HHeHia cero po^a. 3to n-no^ti 

MHOrO^liTHHXl MOHXl SaHflTifi H nOCTOSHHUXl yCHjifi Et BOSiji- 

jiaHiH) Tofi HayEH, o KOTopoM Bi PocciH, js,o Moero BOBBpamema 
H3'b Hy^KHxi EpaeBi, T. e. ito 1806 mm, nefiujio hh Majiifiuiaro 
noHflTia. 

OpraHH^ecKaa npapojia co;^epatHTca e-b HeopraeaqecEofi xaKi, 
KaE^ jiyma ex T'fejy, hjih H^teajibHoe cymecxBO ex peajLHofi ^opM't. 
IIoceMy o;^Hofi dest ;^pyrofi noHaxb He Momao: xasate EaEx He 
SHaBmQ aeaxoMH^ecEaro cxpoenia opraHOB'B, ne MO^bHO HSiacHHTB 
QXi jQcJ^BcxBifi; H HanpoxHB'B xoro, ne noHniiaa nj^eajiLHO jkhblex'b 
npoHcmecxnifl bx opranHSMi, He MoaRHO HM'fexb cymecTBeHnaro 
CBijiiflifl cxpoeHiH opraHOBt, noEaswBaewoMi xpynopasci'reHi- 
awb. $H3iojroria, Hsjaraiomaa opraHmecEift wipx, ne J^OJIatHa 6un 
pas^ijeHa otx $h3heh, noEasHBaromefi HeopraHH^ecEyio npn- 
po;i:y; h6o nepnaa pascMaxpHBaexx BHyxpeHHee, a Bxopaa nscrf- 
AHBaexi BHiraHee co;iepataHie OOToro h xoroate ynHBcpca, 
Koxoptifl xoJiBEO BX ero i^ijiocTH noHaxHHMx 6uxB MoatexB. 

H^eaji'L MoeS $H3ioJioriH ecxB yHHBepcx,EOxopBift ^pe;^cxaBJIeH'B 
Bx HeS CB HapyatHoi! h BHyxpeHHeS ero cxopoHsr, h Eoxoparo HaqaJF.- 
HHfl Bflifflflifl BHji'B ecTB aiO«t», a BHyxpeflHee OEOH^axejiBHoe o6pa- 
30BaHie cocxaBJiaex'B neAoerbm. A6cojiH)XHaa Jijies npapojiH, bi 
oSxeEXEBHoS ea (J)opM'fe, noEasHBaexca oinsMbj a bx cy6xeETHB- 
HOMx BVtji'kj aBJiaexca HeJioeimOMh, IIoceMy h $H3ioJioria Moa ci 
Hanajia noEaBBiBaex'B oiom^ a npn kohi^']^ HBJiaraex'B neAoenaca. 
EcjiH 6h He 6hjio o6pa3i^eBi pai^ionajiBHOfi ApxHxeExoHHEH, npo- 
HBBe^eHHHX'B inejurHHroMx, Cxe$(|)eHCOM'B h OEeHOMx*; xp 6h 4 
He Morx cocxpoHXB yMcxBCHHaro cero B^^ania. Ho cJIi;^0BaTB Be- 
jiHEHMt opHrHflajiaMi Moatexx xojbeo xox-b, eto HMiexx co6ct- 
BeHHyio cnoco6flOCXB. 

OpnrHHajiBHHe npHMipn BecBMa noJiesHH ^jlsl yqcHaro o(Ji 
pasoBama; n Cesi ohbixx Bpo^;i;eHHBid renifi ocxaexca naBcerji^ 
Bx cocxoaniH sapoABrnia. TasoBBixx renieBi, EaEi Bes^i, xaiLi 



— 227 — 

H y Hacx HaxojUMTca MHoa^ecTBo; ho nojioJKeHie hxx aoctoAho co- 
atajinia! Ohh cyeiaTca h GesnoKoaxca, KaKx pisBHa, HecMHui- 
jieHHBTa j^^TH, ocTaBJieHHiia ea hx^ npoHSBOJix, fiesx BcaKaro sa 
HHMH npncMOTpa. Bca Hama JiHTeparypa nanojiHeHa a^tckhmh 
HrpyniKaMH, KOTopiia o;!i;HaKO BH;i;aK)Tca 3a BaatHHa h noyHHTejib- 
Hwa npoH3Be;i;eHia npocBimeeHaro BpeMena! He j^OBOJiBCTByacB 
CBOHMH (|)apcaM0, OHH GepyTx MaxepiajH hsx cn^enH ^yjKiiaro 
HMx Mipa, myTaTX h CM'tH)Tca Ha;^'L t^mi, ^ero BOBce ne 
^0HHMaIOT^, a HMeHHo HaAt $Hjioco(|)ieH) IHejuiHHra. TaKi b'b 
BHBJIIOTEK^ JliJIfl qiEHia (t. III. q. 11. o. VI. c. 113), 
FepMaHCKifl (|)0jioco$t npejicxaBJieHTj Bt KappHKaTypnoMx BH^fi, 
6yAT0 HSMiHHJi'L OH^ CBOK) $njioco(|)iK) H BciMH CHJiaMH CTapa- 
eTca BOscTaHOBHTb ynaAfflyH) cboh) cJiaBy!! TaKOBoB capKasMX hoa- 
TBep^KjiaeTca cchjikok) na hhclmo niejJiHHra, nncaHHoe ex KOMy- 
To BX MocKBy, xoxa h3x npHBeAeHHHXi HSBjieHenifi nncBMa as- 
CTByeTi, npoTHBHoe cKasannoMy bx capKasMi. 

^pe3x TpH HJiH qeiupe Micar^a, bhabtx moS nepesoAx ne- 
6ojibffloro co^neeflia: Die Philosophie in ihreio Verhaltnisse zum 
Leben ganzer Volker und einzelner Menschen, von Joseph Golu- 
chowskj {0uAoco0in ez omuomeuiu ki otcuauu utbMixz uapodoez 
u Hacmnuxz Jiuvpb), 9to ne $Hjioco(|)ia, a cnpaBeAJiHBaa on,iHKa 
H nojieMH^ecKaa naHernpHKa $HJioco$iH — co^HneHHaa Ha qncTifi • 
meMx HliMei^KOMT) asHKi, cooSpasno HjieaMX IIIejiJiHHra, koto- 
poaiy aBTopx nocsaTHJi'L OHyio, KaKx ;^py^y h HacTaBHHEy CBoeMy 
B'B $HJioco(|)iH. a CTapajiCfl c^iijiaTB Mofl nepeBOjotx ;i;ocTofiHHM'B 
Ba/RHOCTH opnrHHajia; h Ha/^iiocB, hto ohhS nocjiyatHTX Kt 
nojBS'fc yMHUxx h 6jiaroMBicjian^HXi> moexx cooTeqecTBeHHHKOBx! 

Ilpeatjue Heatejin BBTjoter-B Moa $H3iojroria, HaM^penx a co- 
HHHHTb HaTvpajibHyH) $HJioco(|)iK), B'B ocHOBHHxx ca Ha^epxa- 
Hiaxx; cjii^oBaTei/iLHO, KaKx Moatno, bt, MeHBrneMi) oSxeMii h t4c- 
HifimeMi cojiepTKaHiH. 3to eyjoteix kjiio'ib kx ypa3yMt»HiK) (J)h- 
3HqecKHX'B co^HHeHit, nHcanHBrxx no ocHOBaniaMx ^HJioco^iH, 
KOTopaa B'B Poccin HSB-fecTHa no HeocnoBaxejibHHMx CJiyxanx* 

15* 



— 228 — 

CjiOBecHoe jasiacHeHie BectMa MHoro cnocniinecTByext k^ 
noHflTiio (j)HJioco<|)HqecKHX'B nojioaEtenifi; h emejm bx MocKBi cnmyT- 
ca oxoTHHKH Kx cjyfflaHiK) MOHxi JieKi^ifi; to a 6y;tymyH) shmv 
Mory npi^xaxb r'l BaM'b Ha ufbjiuli m'^caecb. 

IIORopHO npomy j^iJ^o^nTh Meea: BaROBHMX noKasajica bbmi 
Kypct ^HsiojiorH^ecKHX'B moexx jieKnifl? JIh)6obb Bama ki hcthh- 
HOMy uosHaeiH) u fijiaropoAHOe ycnjie ri pacnpocTpaHeniK) x'ic- 
Haro Rpyra $H3HHecR0xx HayRi bx HameM'L oxe^ecTBi, ;i;jia Mena 
BocXHTHTejiLHn! JI caifB 6ojiBmo8 dHiysiacT'L ri BOSBHmeHHiS- 
mefi ncTHH^; n HBBaRifl npoTHBHocin HeMOOH oiBpaxHTB mesl 

OT'b OHOfi. Mh£ RpaflHe JReJiaxeJIBHO HBf&TB JI06O npOTHBHHROB'B, 

jin6o coxpyAHBBOB'B Ha nonpno;']^ ^HsnqecRHxi SnaHifi. Ho boti> 
^poxo;^HT•B Tpn^i^aTB Jiixx, RaRi a bx PoccifiCROMx yqenoMi Mipi 
BoniK), anu ijuicz ez nycmuurbl Gx na^ajia yneHHe cxapHRH 3jih- 
jiHCb fla MGHa, roBopa cb npeapinieM'B: hto 3a mojiorococb aBHJicfl 
Rx HaMX ex HiMen^RHMH 6peAHaMH? TenepB noBaa renepai^ia y^e- 
HHXt. IIxeHi^Ei, BHJiyuHBniieca hoa^ cxapHMH naciARaMH Apax- 
jiofi yneHOCTH, ne onepnjHCB eme, He BEiJiexijiH hsx CBoero ^H43;^a, 
H yaee nnmaxx na opjiOBx, napaniHXx BHme c(|)epBi hxtb sp'SHia! 

C'B HcxHHHHMi BTb BaMi» HOHxeflieM'B H HejiHn;eMipHoa J[H)60- 
Biro. ocxarocB noRopnifiuiifi Bamx cjyra ^. BejjiaHCRia. 



— 229 — 

j^8 nil. 

Bu3oez^ cdrbMHHuHt AnadeMUKOMz ^. M. BeMaucHUMz. 

Bx JV2 133-M1. CiBepeoft H'lejiu HaneqaiaHO cjiijiyromee 061- 
flBjieHie, ;iocTOilHoe JUodonwTCTBa h BHUMania Bcixi JiK)6HTeJiett 
HavKx: 

co^HHeHHafl' AKa;ceMHKOMX a ITpo^eccopoMx ^. BejjiaHCKHMx, 
BHiHJia Bt CB^Ti Bi nocJii^HHXi HHC^iaxx OBTflOpa 1831 ^o;^a. 
Co CTopoHH ynenoS Dyfi/jHKH He Boc^ocJI'fe;^OBaJIO eme HHKaKoro 
0T3HBa ceMi coHHHeHiH, KOTopoe onpoBepraeT'B piniHTejiBHO 
Bcio CBfCxeMy ofiHKHOBeHHaro $H3H^ecKaro yienia, bi eeopexH- 
necKOMi ero CMEicjii, h apt icraBJiaeTi Hayuy Bt Apyrofl (j)opM'fc, 
coo6pa3HO npoTOifimeMy ocHOBaniK) n^teajBHaro ea ycipoScTBa" . 
A^Topt C'lHTaeT'L coqEHenio CBoe nepBHM'B nponsBe^iieHieM's 
$H3HHecE08 JIiiTTepaTypEi Bt PoccifiCKOMTb yHeHOMX CB^Ti, H npo- 
CHT'B saaTOKOBT* no;iBeprHyTb, xoTa HiKOxopHs CTaxBH h3i onaro, 
fieanpHCxpacTHOMy KpHXH'iecKOMy pasfiopy. 

„HaAx CHMi coHHHeHieMx ABxopx xpy^ajica 8 Jiixi, Aa npa* 
roTOBjajicfl Kx OHOMy 20 Jiixi); anocewy h xotohA pasdopi oearo 
AOJiseHi 6HXb He MaaoxpyAeHx. /I,BHatHMH[fl jiK)6oBiio kx hcxhh- 
HOMy nosHaniH), ABXcpx npe^JEaraex-B y^eeHMX JIH);^aM'B bxPoc- 
cia: BCxynnxB cb ebmi bx HCxoJiKOBaxeJiBHyK) noMMuny, Ka- 
BOJTB HH6yAB npe^Mexi, HSJioateHHOMi* bx ero $H3HKi. Emh no- 
JieMHsaxop-B paspyfflHxi eeopexaqecKyio KOHCxpyKi^iH) cero npe;t- 
Meia, H Ha m^cxo onofi cosHat^exx ocHOBaxejiBH'feflniee yMCXBen- 
Hoe 3;iaHie, xo ABxopx ^acxx eMy xHcany py6jieS npeMiu, h cb 
Sjiaro^apHOCxiK) npHsnaexi ero eeopiro. Kor^a-ate npoxHBHoe 
Hsjiomeme ne Sy^exB BBiBe;i;eHO hsx bhchihxx na^ajii yMOspa- 
TejBHaro nonaxia, h Abxop'B ;^OKaatexx HeocnoBaxeJiBHOCXB onaro, 
TO Bi» xaKOMx cjryiai, nOJieMH3axopx ^OJiateHx ;iaxB ABxopy no- 
JOBHHy ope^jaraeMofi hmx npeMiu^ xo ecxb naxB coxi pyfijiett 
accHrHaE(iaMn. 



— 230 — 

IIpeAMeTH, KOTopuxi AbTopx me;iajii-6H nojieMHsopoBaTb, 
cyxt: cetbtm, mnoicecmh^ mefiAoma^ MaiuemusMz^ sAeKmpusMd. 

XUMU3M6 U laMdauUSMh, KOH B^B OCO()eHE!OS $(I80K'& H3;iarai0TCfl 

BecLMa cJiaduMH n npeBpaTHUMn ranoTesaMa. 

Ckojilko AfiTopi HH cxapajicfl HaaHcaxL $H3HKy cbok) acho 
H BpaByMHTejBHO, o;iHaBO MHoraMt OHa He noHaxHa, no oco6jih- 
BOMy cnocofiy jusjiomeEm, ji^Jia Eoxoparo Hy^HO npe^iyroxoBHTejii)- 
Hoe CB'fejii'feHie. JIjih y;io6Hiftraaro o63opa cxojib cjioanaro h o6- 
niHpHaro coHHBeBia, Aexopi) cocxaBHJi'B KpaxKoe asBAe^euie hsx 
OHaro, Koxopoe HMtex'B 6hxb Hane^axaHo bt> GuE'b Oxeqecxsa. 

Afixopi saHHMaexca coHHEeHieMt 06me8 4>a3iojiori0[, hjih Op- 
raHHHecKoft <&H3hkh, Koxopaa 663^ npeABapaxejibHaro Hsjoateflia 
HeopraHHHecKofi npHpo;i;H He Morjia Ceixb upe;i;cxaBJieHa bx co6- 
CTBeHHOMx eii SHa^eHiH, h KOxopoS ochobhoc Ha^epxanie Moatext 
6hxl KOHqeno bi xeqenie HtiHimnaro rojQta**. 

JlrodonuxHO Ha6jiK);i;axb, KaKOe A^flcxBie npoH3Bexexx cxojib 
opflrHHajtHoe odxaBjienie? ^obojilho xopomo anafl namx yqeHHft 
H JHxxepaxypHHfl Mipx, mh MorjiH-6u npe;i;cKa3axL ABXopy, qio 
... HO ^0 BpeMeHH yAepatflMCii oxi axoro. ^) 



*) M. Te^erpa({)T» 3a 1832. r., h. 44. JVg 6, Mapii, CM-fecs. cxp, 303-305.. 



Kz cmpauuuaMz 84 — 87. 

OnsuBiy BejiJiaHCKOM^ HMiexca eiD,e bx H^MeuKOMx coqn- 
HeHia Theodor v. Sturmer^ SuBmaro npenoAaeaTe.ieM t HCTopia, 
JUiTepaxypu h dnu^nKJioaejim uemiivLuu npa Me;iHK()-XHpyprH- 
^ecKOH AKaAeMiw: Zur Vermittelung der Extreme in der Heil- 
kunde, Leipzig bei Eduard Kummer, b-b 5 xoMaxx. 9to co^h- 

HOHie COCTOHT'B, rJiaBHHAIt 06pa30MT>, HSt nUCeMX, nHCaHHEIXX 

EBTopowL Ki. pasja^HUMT. BBicoKoaocTaBJieflHHM'L JiHuaMi, a TaKi^e 
8HaMeHHTUMT> HjiH BJiiaTe.ibHHAHi MejiHKaMT,. HiTCBMa. nepene^a- 
TaeHHfl noTOMHo, nocBamajiHCi) rocy^^apaMX u BJnacTHTejiaMi*. 
IDtnwpMeph Bejii) ^tecxoKyio iiojieMRKv ci> pyccKHMH ^ypnajiHC- 
TEMff, Hanp., ch FpeueMh ^) n oco6eHHO ex CeuKoecKUMh, Bt> 
IllTOMi (1843 r.) osHaHeHHaroroqHeeniaHMteTCfl nncbMO IIlTFop- 
Mepa KT. jiefi6-Me;iiiKy Mapnycy o CeHKOBCKOMT, rjii asTopx 
HHTaeTCfl no6y;iHTB MapKyca xo/taTaflcTBOBaTh o Mipaxx sa^saiB 

pOTT* KpHTHKi (CTp. 226 — 231) H HHCbMO KX CaMOMy CgHKOB- 

CKOMy (cTp. 231 — 232),r;i'fe UlTEopMepx ynpeKaeTx ero saBOCbMH- 
liTHioK) BoitHy npoTHBx „BpaHeS Poccie" h bx tomx, ^to hsx- 
3a CeHKOBCKaro ohx noTepajn. (BHCo^afime) oStmaHHoe eMy 
MicTO peKTopa AKaAeMin. 



^) Cm. ChiHT, OieqecTBa sa 1830 r., t. X[V (C. d.-q. 136, Cte. Apx.— 
50), )& XXXIV. CTp. 40—52, III. AHTHKpHXHKa, OTBtiB r. UlTJopwepy, aoKTopy 
MepitiHU II XHpypriH— HBKOJiafl FpeMa. Cp. ciaTBio GemoecKmo, Go6p. coh., 
T. VIII, EciecTBosHaHie. Me;iHmiHa, MenHUHHCKafl noJieMHKa, II, 3, cip. 487— 
546, oco6cHno, cip. 542 h cjit^. 



— 232 — 

CBi^tfenia o BejuiancKOMt noM4m,eHu bt* tomi me III tom4, 
noceameHHOMx IIpyccKOMy EopojiH) ^pudpuxy-BuMieAhmy IY\ 
CTp. 299 — 303. Biographische Notizen russischer Aerzte der 
Gegenwart. Dr. TTeMa/es^ r cxp. 203 — 219 — et nacbMtK'LDr. 
Johannes Muller^ npo(|)eccopy 4)H3ioJioriH bt. BepjiHHt: Ueber phy- 
siolo^isch^ Studien; russische Litteratur. Auszug aus dem Hand- 
buche der allgemeinen Physiologie des Professors Wellansky 
in St. Petersburg. (HsjioateHU CTaTF»i!: Speculatives Erkennen 
der anorganischen Natur (203), Theorie der organischen Welt 
(204), Pflanzen-Organismus (204), Thier-Organismen (205), 
Vom Bau des thierischen Organismus (205), Die Thatigkeit 
des thierischen Organismns (206), Die Verrichtungen des Gesch- 
lechtssystems (208), Form und Lebensthatigkeit der Frucht 
(208) , Anthropologie. Die Geftihlsseite der somatischen 
Sphaere des menschlichen Organismus (209), Die psychische 
Sphaere des Menschen (209). Ueber die Bildung der psy- 
chischen Sphaere von ihrem Anbeginne bis zur hochsten 
Entwickelungsstufe in Raum und in Zeit (210), Vom Wil- 
len (210), Gemtith, Geist und Wille (211), Fahigkeit, Talent, 
Genie, auf die Aussenwelt und Societat angewandt. Anla- 
gen zur Wissenschaft (211), Anlagen zu Kiinsten (211), Die 
Physiognomik als Mittel, verschiedene Anlagen zu erkennen 
(212), Lehre von den Temperamenten (212), Die Identitat der 
Seele mit dem Sein der Natur und ihr Abfall (213), Unter- 
schied der Geschlechter (215), Sprachen (216), Lebensepochen, 
Tod, Unsterblichkeit (217). Y^ioctohjiocb y UlTiopMepa TaEoro 
HSJioateflia hs'b pyccKext Kneri oaho TOJbKO co^HHenie Bej- 
jiaHCRaro. 

?T0 KacaeTCfl 6iorpa(|)HqecKaro onepKa, to OKasHBaeTca, ^to 
KaAAucem (cm. BHrae, cxp. 84 — 86) 3aHMCTB0BajiT> cboh ceijii- 
nifl (B^ TOMi qacji h eeBipHHa) HMeBBO y lIImiopMepa, o leMt 
ojtnaKO He ynoMaHyjcB. HeB^pBH y IIlTropMepa ynoMHnaHia o ;ibo- 

pflHCROM'B IipOHCXO^R^CeHiH H SaSOTJIBBOMX JlOMamHeM'B BOCnaTaHlB 



— 233 — 

BejijaHCRaro (cxp. 300). BojibuiyK) sacjiyry BajiaT'B inTH)pMep'B bi» 
nepeeoAls BejiJiaHCEHMi MHornx^ nHOcxpaHHBix'B pvBOBOj^CTB'b (cxp. 
301). nyiaHHi^a bi> ipy;iaxi BejiJiaHCKaro BHeceea KajtJiHceHOM^E 
OTi ce6a. Bx 1806 r. Bexr^ncEift yate 6y;nT0 6u Professor or- 
din, Saciyrn BejuaecBaro, nocjiaHHaro MaHHCTepcTBOM'L Bnyi- 
peHF'iXi> A'kJSiTi BT> r. ncBOB'B Ha 8nEi;i;eMiH), 6iiJiis. sacBHA^xejiB - 
CTBOBariH He tojibbo MtcTHEiM'B ynpaBJienieMi, ho h npaBHieJEB- 
CTBOMt. nocjit ^eTHpexjitxHefl cjyatSH npn cyxonyxHOMt rocnn- 
Tajt, sa npeBpacHoe ynpaBJienie BOxopuM'B ohx y;^ocxoHjicfl Bhco- 
Hafimed fijiaro^apnocxH, BejujiaHCRifi npocHji o6% yBOJiBHenlH, 
KasoBoe H itaao nepesx ron. ^epesB 2 roj^a BejuiaHCBiS ohbxb 
nocTynHJi'B xy;(a s&e, ho 6esi> sRBJiOBSiRbSi. MocBOBCBoe 06niecxB0 
ecTecxBOHCHHxaxejiefl nsfipajio ero b% HJienH. 

OSmyio xapaKxepncxHKy BejijaHCKaro Ulxropiiept jtaexi 
xa^oro po^ia: 

^. ex. COB. H KaBajiepi ^aniHJix BeJwaHCKifi — omm> hsi 
jiocTofiHifimHX'B BexepaHOBx HameS pyccKofi Me;^HE[HHiii. Ohi BHBa- 
saj'B ce6a oxjinHHUMi. BpaneMi ne xo^atKO na cjiyatCi Bf pas- 
jih^hhxT) rocnexajiflXT^ h bt, cnacxJiHBOMX HcnoJHeniH nopynenia 
npaBHxeJBCxBa, ho h bi> odmnpHofi npaBXHB'6; ^) saBi npeHo;ia- 
BaxejB OHi BOCHHxaji'B maccy 6jiaro;i;apHHXi yqeHHKOB'B. npe;i;aH- 
HHii noiHxaxejib OKena, ohx coBepmeHHO BOcnpHHaji'B bi ce6a 
ero Haxyp<|>Hjioco$iK) h 6hjx KaKX pasx Hacxoau^HM'B qeJiOB'fcKOM'L, 
^Tofiu nepejuaBaxb ee Bipno, ofioraxHB'B codcxBenHHMH Hjte- 
flMH. Kxo Hsx ero fiuBniHX'B yneHHEOBT. ne BcnoMKHaext ^) cb 
coBepmeHHO ocodeHHHMx y;ioBOJiLCXBieM% o6x ero jreKi^iaxx., na 
KoxopLixi> Boo;^ymeBJIeHHH8 cxapeAX cb no'ixe BOJiniefiHOH) chjioh) 
yMijii 0BJIa;^4BaxB BHEManieMx ay;^exopiH h cxojib yjiofiononaxHO 
(fasslich) H npiaxHO (aDmuthig) npe^cxaBJiflXb BOSBHnieHHMfflia 



') Cxp. 300. 

*) Cp. Bwme, cxp. 67 h 68. 



— 234 — 

HjeH BX MHorosHa^BTejTBHOfi (sinnreich) oSoJoqKt! KpoM-fe ciy- 
;jeHTOBi, noflBJiaJiHCB h ;?pyrie cjiymaTejH h CJiymaTej!bHHi(H, 
^ame HS'B BHcmHX'B RJiaccoB'b; eto xotb pas'B cjiumajix BejuaH- 
CKaro, TOTX HaBcer;ia CTaHOBHJica ero noKjroHHHKOMt (far ihn 
gewonnen). HxaEi ohi mhopo c^'kJla,Jn> jiofipa h Bnojin-fe sacjiy- 
atHJ'B, qTo6H Bc4 seaJiH HCTopiio ero khshh h cjiy»6H. 

Biorpa^H^ecKifl oqepK^ saKJioHaeTca cjOBaMn: ^CBixino- 
racB Bx OTOX^ ojiymeBJieHHaro y^eiejia, ho ^hcthB oroHb npo- 
;^OJIaKaeT'L nHJiaiB bT) ero ^lyini. HeycTaHHo ^^HRTyeT-B Bewan- 
CKift ;ieHB H H09B (cp. CBH^^TejiBCTBO PosaHOBa, BBime, CTp. 83) 

H ex BtpyiOmHM'B J^yXOMX Tpy^CHTCa Hajtl Haxyp^HJOCO^CKHMH 

coHHHeHiflMH, cx o^tymeBjeflieMx roBopHTX o cbocmx y^eniH, c^a- 
CTJHBX nofiecijiOBaTB cx KaKflMx-HH6y;iB yqeHHKOMTB lEeJiJiHera. 
9to — cnacTJiHBamee ero HacTpoenie, 9Ta Bipa, 6htb MoaerB, h 
CJIa;^Kaa Hjurosia HacxoameS HaTyp(|)HJioco(J)iH " ^). 



') Cip. 303. 



Eb cmpauuuaMz 12G — 129. 

OiHOCHTejibHO KacTopa HaKe^opoBHMa Jle6edeea h ero jik)6o- 
nwTHofi dpoiniopH Momno npHBecm eme H^CKOJibKO otphbkob'b^ 
Hsx BocnoMBHanifi EycAaeea ^) rounapoea ^). BycjiaeBt paa- 
CKasHBaeTx: 

„fl OTnpaBHJiCfl ci> nacLMOMTb 01% MaTymKH isiii K. R JLeOe- 
deey ... Ha;i;o6HO aeaTb, hto ohl Ceiji'l cuHb caM08 GjihskoS npui- 
TejibHHD;Li Moefl MaxyiuKu h jiaBajii* mh* ypoKH, fiyiyqw yneHH- 
KOMi* THMHasiki, Kor^a a Ma;ib4HK0M'b JiiiTb 9 Cuji'b bti npHroTO- 
BfliejbHOM'b naHcioHi ero Marepn, Mapiw AjieKcieBHM JIe6eAeBofl, 
co6cTBeHHo npe^^HasHaqeHHOM'b TOJibKO wa jitBO^ieKx, nemiy ko- 
TopHxi ij cocTaBJiajiT» npHBHJijerMpoBaHHoe HCKJiK)4eHie. KorAa a 
nocTyqajica ki He&iy bx ^ypeoBCKOMx iiepeyjiKb, ohx yace 6hjix 
KaH;iHAaTT> MOcsoBCKaro yBHBepcHTeTa h MaracTpaHT'b no ncTopia, 
Jiio6HMeii;i. npo^). Iloioduna^ KOTopbifi uoJibsoBajca lovm n3B'fecT- 
HocTbK), KaKi) yqenufl h jraxepaTop'b. PeicoMeHAya Mena noro^iMHy, 
.lede^eBi) Mori oOesneqaxb Ho6-ierqHTb Moe BcxynjieHie Bb yHH- 
BepcHxexx BuiaHicMx xaKoro aBxopHxexfiaro npo(|)eccopa. Ho moh 
BojiHeHifl oasHAaflia duwia HanpacHH. JleSeieB-L yixaji'L bt. jie- 



^) Moh BOcnoMBHanifl. AKajteMHKa 0. H. BycAaeea. Ma^aHie B f. (t>om 
BooAH. M 1897. 

''1 H. A, PoHHapoei. Hal ynHBepcHTeiCKHXi eocnoMUHaHiii. KaKT» nacb 
yHHjiH, 50 jitTi Ha3a,HT>. «B"fecTHHKi EBpoDFj* 33 1887 F., 124-H TOMb, anp'fe.ib^ 
cip. 489-517. 



— 236 — 

peBHH), BepneTca bt. MocKBy, ho He paHBuie ceHTaCpa, t. e. 
KorM yJKe 6y;iyT^ noKOHqenu BCTynHTejiSHue BKsaMeHLi b-b yaH- 
BepcqxeTX, H Kor;ia piniHTca Moa cy;^B6a. OjinaKO, MOfi xajiHC- 
Mani, KaE'B yBHiTHxe^ OBasajix CEoe CDacaTe.ibHoe A^CTBie, h BJiia- 
Hie JIe6eAeBa, xoia h sao4Hoe h deax ero s^AOMa, u coBepmeiino 
CJiy^afiHO, ;i;ajio caMuB 6jiaroapiuiH&3 hcxoa'b bcj^mi MOHifBsa- 

COTaMl. H TpeBOJHeHiflM'B" ^). 

„Bo BpeMfl aKsaMefla noAxuAHTi, k-l i7. ilf. TepnoecnoMy 

MOJIOAOfi 'leJOB'bKl JliT-B 30 Bt (|)OpMeHHOMl» ({)paKi, OCTaHOBHJICa, 

nocMOTpia'B ua Meaa h cxajn* cJiyiuaTb, 4t6 a roBopio. Ero ao6- 

pHfi, CHHCXOAHTeJIbHBlfi BBrJIflA^^ T04H0 HpHJaCKaJlt MeHfl, BooAyuic- 
BHJ11>, H a IipOAOJia^aJI'B paSCBaBUBaTb Cb laROfi HCKpeHHOCTblO, CB 

TaKHM^ yfi'fejKAeHieM'b, KOxopuMH a OyATO xoxijii OTB'fexaxb aa 
ApyateCKoe npHBbxcxeie cxaparo snaKOMaro. Kor^a a E0H4Mjn>, 
MOJOAOfi HejiOBiKt capocHJi-b Mena, oxKyw a po^OMx, h r^i ynajica. 
OxBiqaa eMy, a HasBajn cbohxx yqaxejiefi n neatly npo^HMa yno- 
Manyjit o K. H. JlefieAeBi. Met uoKasajocb, qxo ero Bsr-aa^'B 
BApyri upoCBlixJi^J^jii, h Jternaa yjiuoBa MejibRHyjia no qepxaMB 
jiHi^a. Oh-b oxBtHajit, 4x0 Kacropa HHBH({)opoBH4a xopomo 3Ha- 
exi, H CBOBM'L aaiiyineBHUM'B roJdocoM'B cRasaJi'B mn^: „ecjiu 4x6 
BaMX noHaAofinTca, QpFxoiiaxe ko wHi". KorAa a cb pa^ocxiH) 
BOSBpaxHJica Ha CKaMeBsy r^ xoBapaiu.aM'B, mhIj CBasajia, 4x0 a 
roBopHJiT) ci -M". iZ. UoioduHUMz. il,a, axo dyj-B uepBuft jiy4'B 
pa^ocxa, ocB'txaBfflia Mena uo npiisA't mocmi b-l MocRBy" ^). 

„noBeAy Bacx cHa^ajia onaxB Ha Co6a4bH) njomaAKy, wh 
JI,ypH0BCRift nepeyjiOKx, r^i, noMHaxe, a nocxyqajica ki Kacxopy 
HHKH4)opoBa4y JlefieAeBy. Kor^a ohi> Boaspaxajica BtMocKBy, xo 
apHHajix BO u.wh maBtBmee y4acxie, ROxopuMi, Bnpo4eM'B, a ne 
Mori AOJro nojibsoBaxbca, noxoMy 4x0 ohx 4epe3'B HicKOJiBKO Bpe- 



•) Cip. 3. 
*) Cip. 6. 



— 237 — 

MeHH nepe6paJ!Cfl lb DerepCypiJb. EMy ne ywjoch npucTpoHTbca 
K^ yHHBepcHTeTy. Ohb pa3;^paaseJIx npoTHBT, ce6a HiKOTopHx^E 
HST) npo(|)eccopob'i>, Ilpe;^CTaBHB'B HayqHiie hx^ Bsvjism h yfiiat- 
^enifl Bx KappHFtaTypeoMi BHji'fc, Bt Bar»«caHHOfl hmx CKasKi o 
i^ap'6 Fopoxi... Bx neTep6ypr4oHi npoM'feHajix yqenyK) Eapbepy" 
Ha lopHj^HqeCKyK), ycniniHo h Ch OTTaqieMx CJryaKHJi'B hhhob- 

HHKOM'L MHHHCTepCTBa lOCTHI^iH H CKOpO BOOieJI'L BT> MHJIOCTS y 

MHHHCTpa, rpa(|)a nauuna^ 6h;ix KOMaH^iHpoBaH'B sarpaHHD^y, 
HMeHHo, Bx Hpycciio ma Harjia^naro h npaKTHqecKaro osHaKOii- 
jenia Ch cvAeoHUMX A^JonpoflaBOACTBOMi n no BOSBpameflifl Ha- 
ne^aiaiii no;^po6Hufi ot^ct'l o cbohxx Ha6JIH)j^eHiflX'B. Bx Haiajii 
naTHiiecflTHxt ronoBx saeiiMavTB ;iojia:nocTL o6epL-npoKypopa Ilpa- 
BHTeJTBCTByroiAaro ceeaia bx MiCKBi, a hotom'e lOJratHOCXB ce- 
Baiopa bi> nexepdypri" ^). 

y Foe^apoBa: „3a6aBH0 HaMx 6hjio bha^tb, EaKx if. i!f. C«e- 
lupeez ojinaTKjiBi nonajicfl bx npocaKx, h KaKx Ha Haranxx rjia- 
saxx BO Bpena SKsaMena crapajica EBiyTaTBCi hsx nexjiH. Hi- 
KTO ciyjieHTx 5. (?) nannraji'B KaKyio to 6poiiiK)py o uapt Fo- 
poxi; a ee HHTajn>, ho xenepb safiHJix WJRe TOHHoe .sar-iaBie; 

nOMHK) TO.IBKO, HTO XaMT* H806pa7KaJIHCB BX KappHKaxyp'fi H^KO' 

TopBie npo(|)eccopa YHETBepcHxexa, h nejKiy npo^HMx qonopnufi 
H BamHHft M. M. fl^aeudoei. OnHCHBajacB hxx napyacHocxB (?), 
Manepa HHxaxB ^). CHerapeBX Cbi.i'b qeHSopoMX h npOLycxHJix 
fipomropy, snaa, Kone^Ho, ohghb xopomo, bx qeMx Jtijio, pt sa- 
paHie HacJiamjiaacB npo ce6a 8(j)(i)eKxoMi. CponiEopBi. Bpomropa 
^lificxBBxeJiBHO npoHBBejia 8(|)(|)eKxx h cm^xx. Ona xoJ^HJIa no py- 
KaMx. IIpo(j)eccopH B03He^o;^OBaJIH, SoJiBffle BcfexXj—OHx, le su- 
perbe HBaHx HBaHOBH^'B: EaKx mofjio ero KOCHyxBca ;^ep3lfoe nepo!' 



') Cip. 42. 

*) Sjitcb naMHTb H3Ml»HfleT'b roHHapoBy. Bi 6pomH)pt JeCe^eBa «»m^ 

ODHCaHifl BHtmnOCTH BblBGJieHHblX'fc JIHEJi; no BCfeXl M03KH0 ysHaib oeaoniHOoiHO— 

no cjio*ry h nsjirofijieHHHM'b cjioBenKaM-b. 



— 238 — 
noTepniJii He aBropx-majiyE'B ^), a i^eHSopx. C'b ehmx ne ro- 

BOpHJIH, OTBOpa^HBaJIQCb OTX HePO: HeaH'B HBaHOBH^'B nOJLOSH- 

TejiLHO He TJiajifkjL'h na nero, a totx sajifiaajix bx rjiasa, CTapajica 
saMecTH XBOCTOMX CBOK) HiTyEy, JibCTHJix, H8rH6ajica — H HanpacHo! 
Mh BHAiJiH Bce 3T0 H Hacjiaatji;ajiHCb npo(j[)eccopcKOK) KOMe;i;ieK)" ^). 

y AjieKcaHjipa Bypt^eea, OnHcanie pi;^KHX^ poccificKHX'B 
KHHrx, ^. IV, CnB, 1897, X- 692 (cip. 60) nepeneHaraH'B 

BeCB „nOWpOK'L yqeHHMl"; THTyjII, H TCKCTl cip. 63 — 80. 

Pi^B HaBJiOBa: cip. 73 — 74. Ha cxp. 60 — 61 co6paea jiHie- 
paxypa ex yKasaniaMH, ne cobc'Sm'b to^hbimh. Y OcmpoiJiasoea 
„KHH;KHHa PiAKOCTn", JV2 276, Eepesum-UJupHeei, 1884 r.. 
cxp. 204, ^PyccKaa CxapHHa", 1887 r. JV2 4, cxp. 132. 

HenoHaxHoe BHpajKenie: ^KaKx CacHa cSHJia (J)HJioco$a", 
Bi cxaxbi JIe6e;^eBa (cm. Bume, cxp. 128) oxHocaxca kx cxaibi 
B-B ^Axenei" UaBJioBa sa 1828 r., ^. III, J\6 9, cxp. 53—65, 
CjiOBecHOcxb, „$HJioco(J)x H 6acHa", pasroBopx: Hcxana noA^ 
BH;^OM'B „6acHH" aBjaexca ki (|)HJioco(|)y h b*b pa^n'fe anojioroBi 
yjinqaexi) ero: „xei ne^taHxi), xei saBHCXJiHB'B, xh aroacxx, th 
xn^ecjiaBeHi., xh HecT0.iK)6nBT>, xh MCxaxeieH-L" (cxp, 65). 



't«^ 




*) noTepnt>jn> h aBiopi). 
'^) Cip. 152. 



Pawlowiana. 
I. 

3a6MToe ienepb Kpynnoe sHa^enie IlaBJOBa, ocHOBa- 
Te^a mejiJiHHroBa HanpaBjienia Ha PycH, 6hjio npHSHaBaeifO 
ero coBpeMeHHHKaMH. 06^ dwwh CBH;i;'feTejii>CTByeTi», nanp.j 
^ChhI) OxenecTBa" h („CiBepHHfi ApxEBt*) sa 1829 r., t. Ill 
(C. 0. H. 125 H C. A. H. 39), ^o XVII, Ot;^. IV. ffiypHaJib- 
Haa KpHTHKa, j^iajorx „Jliyxx pyccBHxi atypHaJiOB'B", CTp. 
172 — 174. Otshb-b o OaBJiOBi odBHHaexx ero bx HSMtni 
niejiJiHHry — HecnpaBe;iJiHBO; HMieTca bx BH;i;y ero nojieMHKa co 
CBOHMi yqeHHKOMT> E. A. IIoAeeuMS (^Mockobckhmx Te-ierpa- 
(|)OM'l") ^). Hana;^KH Ha poMaHTHKy b-b ^ATenei" — noMimeHHHe 
Taiix oTpEiBKH Hst ;i;oETopcKofi jiHCcepTaniiH Haji;eab^HHa; CTaxbH 
no acTpoHOMin— npo(|). IlepeeomuKoea. ^JKypnajt BjraronaMi- 
peHHBifi" — KajiaMdypt h cfijiHa^eHie cb atypHaJiOMx HsMailAoea. 

UoofcuAou ueAoefbm. H HHTaxejiaM'B BicxHBKa Ebpohh bx 
nopy 6h sanixt: o rope naMi! <jE.aj[L, npaBO aiajib, hxo E[3;i;axejib 
Axenea bhaho no conyBCXBiiO ex Ha^axejeMx BicxHHKa Ebpohh, 
xaEate npoBOa rjiacHJix ce6a BparoMX BcaKott hobhshh bx Jlnxe- 
paxypi. Hsj^axejiB Axenea nepeu/A npmeaz ez Poccm mempadKU^ 



*) Cm. Bume, cip. 219. 



— 240 — 

UAu KOMnendiu nypca IRejiAumoeoU 0UAOCogSiu, nepeuU pocr 
npocmpanuM en npaewta^ u nepeuH otce eoopyotcuAcn npommo 
nenl He Bxoaty bx pasCopi npa^HHt, ho — jryMaio, qio ne Hs- 
^^aiejiK) AxeHefl ea^iJiesajio 6u HacM'^xaTBca sa^'B t'6m'b, hto 
OH? n6p6(^a^9 dpyiUMz^ kukz eeu^h cenvj^HHyio, Hana^Kn Ha 
poMaoTHqecKyK) inKO-ay wh AieHei — CMiraHH; ho w6pHe jiwjjh 
CM'6K)TCfl He HaAT* poMaHTHRaMH, a Ha^cB T'j^MH TeopeTHFaaib, 
KOTopue xoTflTi HcxpefiHTfc TO, HTO npHHflTO BciMx npocsimeH- 
VLUwh MipoMi. Boodn^e jrHTepaTypnafl MacTB ATenea xiisejia, h 
Aoceji'b He 6ujiO wh neMi he o;iHoii A'i^JBHOfi, capaBe;(j[HBoS jh- 
TepaxypHOfi kphxhbh ^). Bx npomjOMt ro^y Axenefi 6hji'b 
npocTo jtypenx; HHHi ohx sHa^HxejibHO yjiyiniHJica, h bx otho- 
meHis Kx HayRaMX, ocofienHO AcxpoHOMia, HMiext CBoe ;^ocTO- 
HHCXBO. Ecjih6x OHi pacnpomajica ct» xeopiaMH BicxHHKa Eb- 
poHBi, xaKx KaE'b JierKO oxpeKca oti $HJ0C0(j[)iH EQejJiHHroBoS, 
TO saHflj'B 6bi noqexHoe M'bcxo Me^s^iy ^ypnajiauH. 

MoAodoU ueAoerbKb. CKaatHTe! ecjinCx oTfipocHJix soBce 
KpHTHEy, B-B KOTopofl Fr. Hs/iaTejiH BCCBwa HeacKycHH Hcjani- 

KOMX JKepTByroTX JIHHHOCTaM'B, OTHOmeHiflM'B, MiCTHOCTflM'B.... 

HoofcuAOii HeAoerbm, Bee OAHaKoatx nejiBsa cpaBHHBaTS 
ATenea cb B'fecTHHKOM'B Ebpohh. Ho Kpaflnefi Mipi AieHefl 
noxoffii Ha asypHaji'B EAawnaMrbpeuHutl. a B4cthhkt> Eepona — 
eny tobho yme nopa nepeHMenoBaTBca bt. Bt>CTHHKx A4)pHKaH- 
CBiS. 



^) ABTopi ceM ciaibH noji»eHCTBOBajiB 6m iCKjroiHTb craTbiD M. A. 
^MHTpieBa KpHTiKaxi Ha KapaM3HHa. Esa. («CuHa OTeHecTBa»). 



— 241 



n. 



Bu.ia3KH npoTHBi IlaBJiOBa ne npeBpamiajiHCb bi ^Chh'6 
OieHecTBa". Bi tomi ate III tom* 8al829r., JVs XV, CTp.64: 
Eoeoe omnpumie. HsjiaxejiB AieHeji HHTaexi cTaxBH aJbHanaH- 
flHfl gCB nojesHHM'B yAOBOJbCTBieMi" (cm. JV« 9 ^ATenefl*', 
crp. 639) Uo^spdLBA&ewhl^ . 

B% T. IV sa 1829 r. (C. 0. ^. 126, C. A. q. 40), 
J6 XXn, CTp. 87 — 101 (cooCmeHo), III. CeJiLCKoe xosflficxBO. 
Bo8paseHie sa ciaTBio o naptb vh PoccIh, noniiAeHHyH) hi 
* 3 ^AieHea" ea 1829 r.). 

Bx T. XI 3a 1830 r., JV* 15, V. CjiOBeCHocTb. Ajibjte6a- 
paHx. 1830. Ilposa. II, cxp. 117 — 121 noMinieHa nhnaA 
napo^iji: „<ff^. JleRi^ifl nieuHHroBOfi ^moco^Ih. 3td flBo6uII-fl 
ciaTBfl Bsi npeinojiaraeMaro He. IlnmyxoeuMi Ri nsxaHiio 
aJrsMaHaxa „Aj[B;ie6apaH'B^ ^). 

EcTB H nimsk CTHxoTBopHaa 8nnrpaMMa: bi t. IV 8a 
1829 r., JV* XXV, CTp. 314. V. GTExoTBopeHia: „8nHrpaMMa", 
flKo6n nepeBe^eHHafl „c% Ahfji.^ — He no^^necaHa. 

dnnrpaMMa. 

BoTi Be;[HRiB Hami IlncaTejiB 
H 6e3CMepTHHfi ArpoeoM^B, 
EjraccHROB'B saROHOAaxejiB 
n TynHM'B CBonnfB nepoifB 
SeMJieA'^jiBfl pe4)opMaTop'B. 

Owh BO BCeHl paBHO BeJHR'B: 

Oh'b Ha namHi jiExepaTopx, 

A Bl CJIOBeCHOCTH HySHRl. 

C'B Ahm. 



^) AAhde6apam^z^%z^2i nepBOfi BejiHHVHEJ Bi coss'l^SAiH CuRa (a Tanri) b 
npHHdA<sexiiTi Ki rpynnt FiaAi. 

16 



— 5:42 — 



ni. 



Ha OAHy H3i jiy^niHX'B CTateft IlaBJiOBa „06ii](ifi ^epxesi 
BayB'B'' (cm. Biime, CTp. 133 — 137) noaBiuacb ^'ijLBHafl peiiefa- 
sifl 9. Memioea bi „S>ypHajri MHflHCTepcTBa Hapo;(Haro IIpo- 
CBimeHia** sa 1840 r., h. XXV, Ow-feaeHie VI. OCospinie EHHrB 
H sypHaiOBi. 06o3p'6Hie pyccKHX'E raseri h xypaajioBi sa 
nocjAji^ee TpexMicanie 1839 row, H. $HJioco^ifl, CTp. 70 — 75. 
Pei^enseHTB ocraHaBJiEBaerB BBHMaHie ^irraTejiefi Ba crani 
IlaBJiOBa B BSJtaraerb ero Bossp'ibBiB aacrp. 71 — 73, ^oBastiBafl 
rkwh yBaJseEie vh noHTeBBOicy en asTopy*', a noToiTB npeji- 
jaraeT'E b'^botophb co6cTBeBHUfl saii'lTOBifl, ftOTopuA cboj^htca 
Vh tjrbxfv)m,evj. 

OraTBB IlaBJOBa npe^icraBJuers Be cobc^m'b B'ipfliifi Bdrjra^ 
Ha BayBB hoo6mfi (CTp. 70). CossLjAewhj qio noHxeHBHS aBtopi 
He nocBBTBJi'E en^e ojihoB bjlh ^BjTh CTpaBBax Ba BmBCJieflie 
BBAOBuxi fifayB%, cocTaBJTBion^BZ'B BOApasA'bJiefliB r-nas^Hxi, po* 
AoBiixi; Torjia 6h noinoateBia ero c^'fajiamcB aCH^e, a ^ta ic- 
HOCTB Aft^a 6u epe^ctBa vh onpeAiieaiK) cieneBB B'fipHoctBero 
BsrjEflAa Ba nayBH (cxp. 71). 

Pei^eHseBTi Be corjiaceHX ch aBiopoMi: 

I) RacaxejiBHO nponcxoac;teHifl CorocjOBU (npHSBaeaeMaro 
HMi xaBse sa ocofitiB or^i^i»). Bi ^acxHtixi cjiynaflxi icorjia noaB- 
jiaxBCfl B'ipa nocj'6 6e8BJ[0AHUx'B ycHJiifi nocxBrayxB TBopi^i 
yMOM'B, flo B'h o6nteMi xoa'% TOJOB^necxBa— BanpoxHBi. Bipa 
Be MorJia nojyHHXB aa^ajia bi HexowbKi: npoHCxosxeHie eaorb 
Bora, Roxopiifi no CBoefi BjiarbcxB bo xofb ho oc^hbtb eio jLBSRe 
nepBiie oniiTu nejiOBt^CBaro pasyiia. ^ejibs'lKX, oCojBn^eBHHll 
cxpacxBMB, H 6ojAe Bcero rojpjKocHio CBoero pasyica, cam ocia- 
BB.i'B B'6py, BO HCBHxaB'B coBepmeBHyio BeBOSHOSHOCXB nocxir- 
nyTB Bora, BBicoHa^niee Ao6po, BeotfxoxHMoe x^a ero c^acrui, 
CHOBa noBopraexca bi oCiaxia yx^mBxejBBofi B^pii ^). 

») Cip. 74. 



— 243 — 

II) HexocTaiOHHO pasjiH^ie Hayni ncHxaqeCKHX'B h ^h jocose* 
^ecBHX'L, no onpeA^jieHiH) IlaBJOBa. He OHeBH^HO jh, hto nepBUA 
(cm. Biime, CTp. 135 H 137) cociaBJifliOT'B tojibbo bba'b btoplex'b, 
noTOMy HTO H cam noBHaton^ifi qeJOB^Bi eciB Taiuse npe^dceT^ 
nosHanifl, flBJiaioii^ificji bi npocTpaHCTB'fe h BpeneHH, h Hoseri 
^STB TdBse pasciiaTpHBaeifB co ciopoHu bosmoshocth. 

ni) Ky;^a othccth HcTopiro (nocji4 Eoccfoema h Buko) — 

SI nCHXHHeCEHM'B, B'b CJOBeCHUMrE HJEH Kh ^HJIOCO^HHeCBHM'B 

HajKaifB? Ky^a oiHecTH reorpa^iio? HeyacejH eepa3Apo6HTL na 
Tpn ^acTH H OTHecTH o;(Hy (MaxeMaTHHecKyK)) bi ^^ejioco^Ih 
(cMMffle, ctp. 137),;jpyryro — Ki ^HSH^ecKHii^, TperBK) — Ki nojin- 
TH^ecBHMi HayBaM'b? Uo h pasj^poCsBi reorpa^^iv), rx4^ hojiosetb 
rpaHBi^fii MeA^y STOpOH) h tpexBeio ea ^acraMii? Fopojca, Kp%- 
nocTH^ Baaaju — npoHSBexesifl pysi ?ejtoBi?ecB0X!B f,JiM niimi 
nojHTH^ecBofi — He ^ozxbu Oy^^yirB (no pasD^txeHiio UaBJioBa) 
CTOflTB na pfl;iy cb rppaMB, p'^saMH, osepaMH, — ^npoB3Be;teHiaSMH 
wioH npHpo;^B[. Ecjie 6u noHtenBiifi asTOpi Coli'be pasBHjrB 
<!BOH Miican o6% HsCpaHHOifB HM% npexMeTl, to, iK^erx Ohtb, 
MHoroe TenepB HeooHflTfibe vb hihcb eoBepmeHHo 6u o6i^chh- 
JOCL (cxp. 75). 



^►$^ 



16* 



H. H. PosaBOBi. 

B'B HacTOfln^eH'B tom']^ 6jijlo HeoxHORpaTHO ynoMHHaeMO bjui 
H. H. Ibsanoeaj nocji'^^rOBaiejifl h xpyra MejiHRa-^HJioco^a 
^. M. BeAAOHcnatOy h coipyAHHRa 6paTBeBi IIoareBux'B. ,Bi& 
jy^niyH) nopy Moefi shbhh a 6iiJn> ^jhsori ri BejjraHCROHy, Korjia 
owh en^e HaxoiHJCJi sa cjys^'i vb MexHRO-xHpyprHHecRoft Asa- 
jieiciu; h co cji'^hi^omi cb hhmi a npoBejii Heiia^oe Bpenfl bi 
6eci;iaz'b*' ^). npHBexeiTB o H. H. H-bROTopHfl 6iorpa4)HqecsiH 
CB'^A'^Hifl, HM'i&coii^iflCfl B'B Tofi se CTaT&'ik Be^ijaHCEOM'B, lomi- 
Hflfl Hxi ^SanHCRaMH*' RceHO^OHTa IIojieBoro. 

HHROJiafi IlBaHOBHHi; PosaHOBl*, MOCRBHqi, y^BJCJT B1» MOC- 

ROBCROMi ynHBepCHTeri, cjrymaJi'B jieRi^iH H. H. Candynoea b 
$Hjioco4>a ^. ilf. BpHHt^a. Roh^hji'b Rypcx RaHAHAaToicB bs 
iH)ji'6 1819 r. ^Bi acHSHH Moefi Chjii a He6oj['ie, RaR'B qHHOs- 
HHR'B Bi a;(MHHHCTpaain, cjiyacHJ'b orojo 30 ji'^t'b^ '). Cna^aia CJiy- 
SHJE'B Bi MocRB*]^ (^0 1822 f.) npH RHflS'i I^uuiauoetb no CTpoHTeiLHoit 
nacTH, Ror;ta CTOJHi^a oxcTpaHBajacB sanoBO nocji'6 HanoJieoHOB- 
CRaro paBrpoiia. noTOMi nepemexi bi Ojs,eecy na cj[ys6y icb^ 
rpaAOHa^ajBBHRy, rpa^y FypbeBy. Ci Bor^apemeMib HnBOJiafl I 



') BocnoMHHaHiA o 4* M. BejuancKOMi, crp. 130 («PyccKift B'fecTHHK'b 
3a 1867 r., t, 72). 

*) TaMi ace, cip. 132. 



— 245 — 

PosaHOBx Cliji'b swECJieu'b na cjys^y no MHHncTepcTBy <|)nHaH- 
coBi Bi neTep6ypr'& h npo^^ojsaji'B ee Tarn se, npnqeM'B c% 
1826 — 1829 r. saHHHajicji npn rpa^t FypBeB'^ j^ijie^uR no 
(uiACTBiflMi Bi ryfiepHiflX'B, BOSJiaraBinHMCfl na nero rocy^a- 
pem. Bi 1826 r. coctoaji npoHSBOAHiejieH'b ^'^•3'^ npn rpa<|)'6 
FypLeB'b, Eoxoparo HHROJiafi I nocjaj'b bi hhsoblea ry6epHiH 
m npoB'j&pRH j^oHOca MarHHi],Raro, cocjcanHaro no pa3CJi'&;tOBa- 
HiK) renepaJia-JiefiTeHaHTa .ffiejTyxHHa bi PeBejb, npn^eMi cj'i^A- 
CTBie FypBOBa Racaj[oci> h npo^^eccopoBi KasancRaro YnnBep- 
CHTeia ^). 

Bi Ma'6 1829 r. PosanoBi 6uA'b HasHaneH'B na cj[ys6y bi 
MocRBy ceRpeTapeifb MocROBCRaro OTA'^Jnenifl Many^aRTypHaro co- 
B'^Ta, ynpeasAeHHaro b'b 1828 r. no mucjh rpa^a KauKpuua. 3jsfbch 
OHi boso^hobej^ CHomenifl ch AaBEHmnHMi cbohm'b snaROMHMi ^ 
peJ^aRTopoM•B-H3AaTeJIeM'E ^MocROBCKaro Tejierpa^a", H. A. UoM' 
6UMZ, ROTopBifi 6ujL'h HJieHOMi OTA^jenifl Many^aRTypnaro co- 
B^Ta. B'B AOM'fe IIoJieBoro oh'b nosnaROHHJiCfl h c6jivlsuscb cb H'i- 

CSOJILRHMH MOJIO^HMH JHO^^BME, ROH^HBmHMa RypCB BX yHHBep- 

CHTeT'j^ CL cieneHBH) RaH;tBj9;aTa, ROTopue, ne Eui& noEflxifl 06% 
ecTecTBennux'B nayRaxB, dpe^HjiH H'^MeicROfo 4^Hj[oco<|)iefi: to 
6ujin yqenHREt M. P. HaoAoea ^). Bm^ct*]^ cb js^^jisluiil OT^'&jie- 
Hifl Many^aRTypnaro coBi^ia PosanoBX ynpaBJflj'B h jocbjiaMH ro- 
MBxeTa no CHa6seHiH) BoficRX cyRnaMH ^). C'b 1833 r. no pacnopa- 
seeiH) rpa<|)a KaHRpHHa Qaxoxnjca npa renepajii 6apoH'b PoseHtb^ 
FjiaBHoynpaBJiflioniieMi SaRaBRascRHifB Rpaem, rxi no nopyHeniio 
KHBHCTpa H no;^^ pyROBo^CTBeicB Posena otfpasoBajx „06n][ecTBO 
noon^peeifl npoMunuenHOCTH n ToproBJin" ^). ApMflne cnaCaiajtH 



^) Oxp. 129, upHHi^aHie (cm. TaHi se upoj). Cepti^^f* h fopa^^AUKO^fft). 
^) Gip. 124, npHM. 
«) Cip. 125. 
*) Cip. 132. 
*) Cip. 133. 



— 246 -^ 

FpysiH) H IlepciH) 6yMa2BflHHH Ha69BHHMa TEa^flMH, npiiroTOBJifl- 
eMHMH 3arpaHiiii;eK), a npoBosHJH hx'b ex. Jlefiai^HrcRoS flpifapEH 
TpaHSBTOMi 4pe3Xi SaKaBsasBe. PosaHOBx co6pajii odpaaAR h 
^pe;^CTaBHJI'B KOJiJieKiiiiH) qxo^ rpa(|)y KaHKpHHy, npoeETHpya nfejir 
JEOJBHTB qpes'B Maey^aKTypHnB cob'^tx Moceobckhk'b ^adpasaH- 
TaM'B npHroTOBiTflTb Tama me mff^i^ia. Ha 4>a6pHRax'B bi MocBst 
cxajiH pa6oTaTB 6yMai;Hyio TepMajtany, majH, BymasH B'basiaT- 
CKOMx Bsyci, ROTopne c^HBajiBCL BQ^ 6oJ[BinoMX KO<sH?6CTB'6 no 
PocciH H AbIh. He bhhoca saBKascBaro sJiHMaTa, PosaHOB'B no- 
najii B% TH(|)JHCCKifi BoeHHHft rocHHTajiB B% 1836 r. ^). Jl^u 
roTOBHBinefiaa Torjo^a ^KC^ei^H^iH ci Mopa — xpeCoBajica ^apoxo;^aM•B 
yrojB, BOToparo hb-b AarjiH He aoABssjiH. PosaHOB'B npeACTaBHJi'B 
Poseny, too bx Poccin mosho ;^ocTaTB CBoero BajiceHHaro jtm, 
^OMaHAnpoBaHHB[fi bx aBFycTi 1836 r. bx HoBopoccificsifi spafi^ 
Poaa^oBx saroTOBHax 75000 ny^OBx yrja hsx JiHcnqaHCBHX'B Baice- 
HOJOMeHB n CA^Jiaji'B c6epeJBeHifl npoTEBx ii;'6hx aHrJiificBaro jtm. 
HpH dTOMx 6£ija BOBCxaHOBJieHa pe^yTa^ia pyccsaro yrjia, bo*- 
npesH MH'J&fiia HOBopoccitcBaro renepajix-ry^epHaTopa, rpa(|)a Bo- 

pOUmea^ H ^epBOMOpCBHX'B MOpai^OBX, npH3Hp.BaBmHXX TOAWUH'h 

ME ^JiOTSL omwh jmmh aHoiQcBiS y;roJiB. Bx 1838 r. Po^aHOBX 
6uJi% HaBH^^HX ueHQicx MaHy(|)aBTypHaro coB^ia h no nopy^e- 
mswb ero ocnaTpBBaJx (j^a(5pp9H 9 npoMHnuieQHBiB Baoe^eHia 
Bx HeTep6ypri. Bx 1843 r. peBEBOsajix npci. cenaTopi Tojictomx 
B% BocTOHHofi Ge6bph MHorifl HapTH m'^cth^o ynpaBAenia. IIo- 
CJE^AHiil Tp0 TQ^a qjy^Ou ynpa^ajix. ox]s,'bJiBEieu% bx Bpe^KBTHoft 
BapqejLflpiH Mpm^ccepcxBa ^E^aQCOBX h BHoieji'B bii oTCTassy 
BT> 1847 r. '). 

Hhb. Aji. noAeeoH bx nHCBM'6 bx 6paTy KcoHO^^OHTy ^) 
(hbi HeiepCypra, otx 12 (20) Hoa6pa 1841 r.) cooCntaeTB, hto- 



^) Cip. 134. 
2) Cip. 135. 
^) BanHCEH, crp. 540. 



— 247 — 

PosaHOBi co6HpaeTCfl meHETBCfl na Co(|)iii nosuaucKotij ujm'h 
soTopoK ynnpaeTi. ^Cx ehmi RaRx to s BCxp'^TajCfl, h oh;b 
nosass^jicfl MH'fe no npesHeMy noMimaHUEiMi^. UpHM'i&qaHie aasu- 
fiaen £[. H. PosaeoBa CTapHHBuii'B apifliejieMx ceneficTBa Ilojie- 
BHxt; „0HX, A4ftcTBHTe;ibH0, CTpwajx BpeMeHBO yMonoMimaTejiB- 

CTBOMT* " . 

Cx RejiJiaHCRHM'B PosaeOBx comejca BCRop'i no npi'i^s^ci 
CBoeM'B Ha cjiyjR6y bx IIeTep6ypr'B, t. e. bx 1825 r. ^). ^BeJi- 
jancEaro b Bcerja CHHTajx h TenepB Bt ciapocTH ne nepecTaio 
WHTaxB, KaRB peryjiaTopa Bcero, ht5 6hjio npioCpiieHO mhoh) 
BimROJi'l^ ^). HeMx OHB paH'ie mhofo cjnimajn ot'b ^HpesTopa 
;^e^apTaMeHTa BHVTpeHHefl ToproBJia h nany^aRTypi h npe^ci- 
xaxejifl ROMMepqecRaroH Many^aRTypHaro cob'Itob'B A, A. Jfpyok^u- 
HUHa '). H. H. PosaHOB'B 3acjry;RHBaeT'B 6j[aro;(apHOCTH sa CBoe 
gBocnoMHHame o J^SLEiVLJii M^xsiiJiOBvm'k BejuaecROMB^, nann- 
caHHoe xenjio n jih)6obho, h coxpaenBinee ua eacB 6iorpa(|)iH) 
9Toro MHCJHTeJia. Oco6eHHyK) i;'feHy HMieiB oho, h6o ocHOBano 
Ha aBTofiiorpa^H^ecRHX'B pascRasax'b canoro cjiinjift. n na co6- 
CTBeHHopyHHoB saoHCR^, paBHO no;tJ[HHHHX'B HHCLMaxi ero ^). 

JI,pyraii sacjyra PosaHOsa: ohb o6pa6oTajix wa ne^aiH, a 
noTOM-B cnacB h coxpannjiB pyEonncB Hens^^aHHaro Tpy;^a BeJi- 
jrancRaro o ^^eibothomb MarHHXHSM'b; hmb sRe ona 6kj[a noj^apena 
BB HMnepaxopcRyK) HySjiKHHyio BntfjiioxeRy. 

PosaHOBB BB npo;i;ojiateHie cjiyjK6H h bx oxcxasRi no Bpe- 
MenaMB yqacxBOBajiB bb „Mockobcromt> TejerpaiJ)*" IIoMeow h 
BB ^Ciini Oxe^ecxBa** 7}?6W ^), By;i;yHH bb Mocrb^, ohb bo- 



^) Gxp. 99. 'Bebop's 9 ^eBpajia 1840 r. npoBejn a ci cjilnueMi BejjiaH- 
ckhm'b: b'b nflTHajwaTB j^ti 6jiH3Karo SHasoHCTBa a Tor^a b% nepBiiA pasB 
cjuniaji'B OX'S sero cji'lbj^yran^ee o ero npoHcxoxAeHiH». 

') Cip. 130. 

*) HCMIi CM. npHM. CTp. 131 — 133. 

*) Cip. 99, npHM. 
') Cip. 135. 



— 248 — 

JlBJlCa CB JinTepaTypEHMX EpyJSKOM'B IIOJieBHX'B, Kl KOTOpOHy 

npHHa;i;j[esa.iH: npo^. M. A. MaKcuMoeums^ M. II. Poz6epi% 
(no3;i;H'fee npo(|). ;i;epnTCBaro yHHB.), nasejix MnxafijOBH^t Ciw^o- 
eez (apxeoJiort), H. H. Cpeduiit- EoMameez^ M. E. JLuocohuhi^ 
CeAueaHoecKiH (chhi), B,. B. Ilonoez (KHH^o^po;^aBe^•B h yHHsep- 

CHTeTCKift THQOrpa^mHK'B) H ;^p. ^). 

RpoH'6 ^BocnoMHHaHia*, PoaaHOBx BanycTHj'B bx ceiTi 
eme nepeBo;ii» KHHra ^loneua^ o KOTopoft ptnt bx hhcbm* Bej- 
jiaHCBaro (cm. BHrae, JVs VI, cxp. 225). 

npoH3Bo;tHTejifcHHX'B H ToproBHXx CHJiaxx $paHD;iH. Go\ 
BapoHa Rapjia ^K)neHa, ^jeea HHCTHxyTa, KopojieBCKOfi Asajte- 
um HayBT* h MHoraxi yneHUxi o^n^ecTBi. Cx 4>P&Hii;y3CBaro. 
MocKBa. Bx THnorpa4)iH ABrycia CeMena, npn HMnepaTopcKoS 
Me,^HKO-XHpyprHqecKofi AKa^eMiH. 1831. D^eHsypHoe paapime- 
Hie 30 jD(eKa6pa 1830 vom D;eHCopa Cepria AKcaKOBa. IIocBfl- 
maeica noJiBsaM'L poccificBofi npoAiHmjieHHOCTH h cno;tBHSHH- 
KOB-B ea. TniyjiB + nocBameHie + Ot% IlepeBO^tHHKa V CTp. — XXXV 
(noAH. jBT. p.) ct> nycTHMx ofiopoTOMx -h BBe^teeie (o Boapacia- 
lomeMX cocToaniH cajx $paHE[iH, ci 1814 ro^a) ex anHrpa^oM's: 
Et Mundum regunt numeri. H BcejieHHaa ^HC^aMH ynpaBjaerca. 

nJiaTOHX, — CT'P. I — XC + BTOpofl THiyjIX H TCKCT'B CX 3 251 Cip. 

(nycTOfl 06. +HeH. 2 (cpaBH. liipx, BicoBx a sbohkoS MOHeTH $paH- 
ityscKHxi CB PyccEHMH). + OrjiaBJieHie co;^epalaHifi I — XII cxp. 
c'BHOBHM'B nieH3. pasptmeHieMi. 22 iioja 1830 r. xoro se i^eH- 
copa + JHCTOK'B (mapHHOK) B-B 4 cxp.) Bi xonorpa^H^ecKoS Kapxt 
HapoAHaro npocBin^ema $paHii;iQ. RnHra nepBaa. OnpeA'^^JieHie 
H HSHHCJieHie chjib. FjiaBa I. He;^ocxaxo^HOCXB ynoxpefijaeMBixB 
;^o HBiHi cpe;^cxB'B ^Jia o^pe;^4JIeHia Morymecxsa HapowBi (3 — 
13). FjiaBall. HsHHCJieHie HapoAa (14 — 25). Fjasa III. Hs^hc- 
jieHie CHJX jiOAefl n tbhboxhhx'b, ynoxpefiHxeJBHHX'B na o6meno- 



*) Gip. 124, npHM. 



249 



jesHHa patfoTH (26 — 34). FjiaBalV. Hs^HCjreHie chjix IIpoMHin- 
jieHHocTH (35 — 52). RHHra BTopaa. ycoBepmeHCTBOBame cvui'b, 
FjaBa I. Bo3MoacHoe yjiy^meHie ^BsimecKOt chju JiH)Aefi bo 
$paHi^iH (53 — 66). FjiaBa II. 06t> ycoBepraeHCTBOBaHiaxi yMCX- 
BenHofi CHJ[£i Hapo^a, pascMaTpHBaeicofi bx OTHomeHiflX'B ea wh 
npoH3Bo;i;HMOCTH H ToproBJit (67 — 105). FjiaBa III. yjiynmeHie 
HejiOBiqecKHxi cHJii nocpeACTBOMi odpasoBaHia cejBCEHxii xh- 
TejeS (106 — 120). FjaBa IV. YcoBepraeHCTBOBaHie chjix h co- 
CToanifl atencEaro nojia (121 — 145). FjaBa V. yjiyqmeHie h 
pasMHoateHie KpynnHxx »hbothhxx (146 — 178). Fjiaaa VI. 3a- 
KaioHeHie OTHOCHieJiLHO yjiynraeHifl no scMjiejocijiiK) (179 — 190). 
FjaBa VII. yjy^meHie IIpoH3BOAHTejiBHHX'B chjx, othochtojibho 
MacTepcKHXx H peMOCJieHHHXT* saBOAeHift (191 — 197). RHHra 
TpeTBfl. CpaBHenie CiBepsofi h IDasHoS $paHaiH c% Jijbjiuwb 
Focy^apcTBOMx (198). 

^pe;^H[CJOBie PosanoBa xopomo pncyexx ero o6mecTBeHHHa 
BOssp'fcHifl. Tpe6oBaHie cncieMBi bo Bci^xx CBijijkEinx'h noRasuBa- 
exi Bi> HeMi qejOB'j^Ea, npHBHRmaro v,t> o^n^eeiH) cb ^vljioco- 
4)aMH. (cm. HHae, CTp. 250). 

Bi CBoeMx npe^HCJiOBiH PosaeoB'B BaM'^qaeri, hto RHsira 
Jtronena eciB HoBaa Teopia CpasHHTejiBHOfl CTaiHCTHEH Focy- 
jiapcTBi, Bi Eoefi pascMaipHBaeTCfl CHja h MoryniecTBO ohbix'b 
no HpaBCTBeHHOMy h BemeciBenHOMy SoraiCTBy Hapo;^a (V cxp.). 
FocyMpcTBeHHoe xoaafiCTBO bx XVIII b. Tpy;^aMH nncaxejieft 
o6pa30Baao ocoCyro Haysy (VI). y;^HBHTeJIBHoe B03pacTaHie $paH- 
i^ia uocjL^ AOJFHX'B roAOBi pasAopoB'B n boShx nopoj^HJO mhcjb 
o5i n3CJ[iA0BaHin npnqHH'E aioro aBjema h oispuTiE B'^^pH'^it- 
mExii npaBHJix HSMtpenia h H3?HejieHia napoAHoS chjh (VII). 
GTaTBCxaRa 6ujia onucaflieM'B BOii^ecxBeHHaro cocxoaeia BJia^'i- 

Bifi OXHOCHXeJIBHO M'iCXHOCXH H HapOAa H nOXOMX np0H3B0AHM0- 

CTH. IIpH axoicB ocxaBaj[ca Hep'&meHHBiM'B Boupoci o6xyBeJH- 
^eeiH CHJiii H 6oraxcxBa napo^a; MHorie mhhjie cos^axB tfjiaro- 
cocxoanie o6iiiecxB'B na oahocxopohhhxx CHCxeMaxx 4^H3iospa* 



— 250 — 

THSMa HJiH MepKaHTHSMa. EiAe flj^eBnie nojiajajs, qio sqeJieH- 
Haa ynpasjifl.eTCfl nncjiaifH (IX); ho cyn^ecxBeHHO^ 3HaHeHie exx duja 
UEOTHWb HenoHflTHO. OcTpoyMHHie JiH);(H, nojbsyflCB nacToa- 
n^HMH ycn'ixaMH qeJioB'^HecKaro yMa, pa3BHJiH axy HCTHsy bi 
HOBO0 TeopiH cp. CTaxHCTHKH, oTi coBepmeHCTBa KoeB saBHcnn 
coBepmeHCTBo IIojihthrh. Uma aBTopa aocTaB;[fleT'B ero co^Bne- 
Hie „Bunie cyw Moero". (IX). 

Tl0JI,'h HMeHeM'L „npOH3BOAHTeJIBHUX'B H TOprOBHX'B CHJl' 

pasyM-j^iOTCfl CEJiu qejioB'^^sa, xhbothsixi h Heo;i;ymeBJieHHuxi 
jifbuTejieU: boau, napoBi, Biipa bi wpmoT^emE v[xt> e'l seMJie- 
ji,'bj[mecjio9j penecJieHHofi h ToproBOfi npoMiiniJieHHOCTH. Coodpa- 
SRdA c^l&ACTma. 12-JiiTHefi rpasMHCKoS A'^aiejiLHocTn, aBiopi 
npeACxaBjifleTi MaieMaTHqecEifl ^^oRasaxejcBCTBa, ^xo Ben^ecxBeH- 
HUfl CHJH 6oraxcxBO Hapo^^ He xojibro nepajSA^JikH^ cb npas- 
cxBCHHiiMx ero nojioateHieMi, ho cyxB CJI'fe;^cxBie onaro, htq 
BCflRoe noJEOJEHxeJEBHoe snanie o6pan:^aexcfl bi nojBsy npoMU- 
niJieHHOCXH H xopropjH (XII). YcJiyra Jl^ioneHa xa, hxo ohi h3- 
jiOTREJiT, Bci dxn HCXBHU Bi oCnieMii, o6ninpHOH'B 0603ptHiH H 
iiosadajn Ra;K;(yH) MaxeMaxEHecRH, i;H(j[)paMH. RascAaji b'j^xbb 
o6n^ecxBeHHaro cocxoflHia o6pa6oxaHa b'b cpaBHExejiBHOicB bha^. 
BooOii^e cncxeiia ecxB Heo6xoj^HMoe ycjiOBie flcnaro HSioj^emfl h 
B-fepnaro nonaxia o npej^MCxi (XVI). Ecjh AonycxHXB Heo6xojiH- 
MocxB onpe^i^jeHia h nsHHCJeHia chji^, xo mosho jih oxBepraxB 
(ZVII), Hxo coo6pa»eHia h b*phocxb pascnexoBx tfy^yxx x4mi 
6j[H2Ke R'B i]('6j[h, ?£mi ocHOBaxejBH'Jbe CHCxena. Caiiue nsHCRa- 
xe.![BHBie BUBOiiBi npoMSimjieHHOCXH tfyjiyxi jioaRHLi BiocHOBaniB, 
ecjiH nocxaBaxi bt> oahomx pa^y npoHSBejo^eHia pasjiH^HBix'B i^apcxBS 
npnpoAH HJiH ox;^•6JIBHHX^ BixBefi npoMHrajeHHOCXH (XVIII). B'B 
ceMx cocxoBxi npeAMexx Bs^aBaeMaro coHBHenia b nojiBsa ero. 
HasBania AO-osHOCxefi, a^MBHBCxpaxBBHBix'B paBA'i^JieHiB rp- 
cy;^apcxBa b x. n. ocxaBjeHH bi nepeBO^t — ^pasi^yBCRia, a He 
saM'^neHH cooxB']^xcxByH)niBMB pyccRHMB (xoxa 6hi axo mofjo 
cox']&ficxBOBaxB nojesHHMx coofipaa^eHiaMi), jlsl6u ne B3M'6HaxB 

OpnrBHaiEBHOCXB nOAJIBHHBRa (XIX). 



— 251 — 

C'B ESJiinemewh otfn^ecTBeBHaro cocTOflHifl h pasBHrieM'B 
noHflTifi M'&HfleTCfl h fldUKi. He RacaflCB o6mjixi> nsM'^HeHifi b'e 
HaineM'B asus'b (XX), CBany, hto civilisation nepese^ieHO tpao/c- 
dmcmeeuHocmh^ a ne o6pa3oeaHHOcmh hjih npocethUieHie. 

06pa80BaHHOCTE) npexcTaBJAeTi BH'ikiiiHifl CTopoHH Hacx h 
o5ii^ecTBa: o^Biqan, ncKyccxBa, nocTynsH — Bce HSfln^Hoe bi npoi* 
nsBe^eHiflx^B h Hamflxi OTHomeHiflxi e'b ^tpyrHMi (XXI). IIpo- 
cBtn^eme, HanpoTHBi, BupasaeT'B BHyTpeHHifl sanecTBa nejo- 
Bi^ecsaro yna, osapeaHaro cb'^tiijibhhbom'b SHaHiB: npaBH, no- 
HflTifl, HayBB, Bce HCTHHHoe. Fpaac^^aHCTBeHHOCTB npe^CTaBjifleT'L 
nojqoTy Bcero, qxb A'^Jaexi eaci n napysHO, h BHyxpeHHO 
ncTBHHUMH rpa^iAaHaHB, t. e. o6'LeMJieTx hm'^ct^ o6EiBHOBeHifl 
H HpaBu, noHJiTifl H saaHifl, HCKyccxBa h eaysH, iipohsbo^^hmoctb 
ii6oraTCTBO. ^mi FocyxapcTBo ofipasoBaHH'ie h npocs'ikn^eHH'be, 
TiifB H HapoA'B npoMiimjieHH'l^e, epaBCTBeHHite, pejiHriosH'&e, hso- 
6ajiBHte, MHpojHofiHBfte (XXII). 

riocBfliiiafl nojBBaH'B PoccifiCBofi npoMBiniJieHBOCTH n cnoA- 
BBJKHBBOBx efl coHUHefiie, npoHEBHyxoe ^^yxom bbicoboS nQBop- 
HOCTH Bi npeAepjBamefl BJiacxH n jKK)6oBiH} bi ^ejiOBiBy^ e ocho* 
BaHHoe Ha HcxneHofi HpaBCXBeHHOcxn, cca noqxy ce6fl n^acxjE- 
BUMD), eciLH ero y^ocxoflxi BHBMaHUi JLiom^ noJBsyfoii^iecfl 
o6aiBifii yBameHieMi) sa npocB'inieHHyH) onuxnocxB b:b npaBH- 
TejiBcxBeHHMX'B Al^Jiax^B, no^xeHHue mob cooxeqecxBeHHHBB, me* 
CTByH)mie cxojib 64HCxa:rej[BHO na AocxocjaBHOMi nonpHoii Poc- 
ciffcBofi npoMumjeHSPcxH, b Aiom odpasoBaHHue, jiK)(5flniie 
BCXBHy H HQjEOB^HecxBO AJifl HBXi caicBXi. Egjih Hcxopifl (no 
cjioBaMi KapaMWHq) appnocBxib noJiBsy x'&m'b, hxo npBiuipaieT'B 
Kas;iaro cb bbabmumi HecoBepmeBCXBOifB co6£ixifl (XXIII), xo 
II iixenie BHErn JIjioneHa, cpaBHHBaion^efi nojoaenie ^paai^iH 
Bi 1824 r. ex x^Mx, bx BaBOMX ona 6ujia sa 40 Jiiii, ecxe- 
cxBeHHO nopoaKAaexi mbicjib o mhofbxx Hamnxi npeBMyn^ecxBaxx, 
HeBOJiBHoe yaaaf^Hie vb t^wl oCmHpHHiirB cnoGo6aM'B, boemh 
o6jiaAa'eT'B Poccia, h yjinoa^eHie boexx ynpe«;iaexx xoa^ Beo^efij^ 



— 252 — 
CB KaEHMOb coBepineHCTBOBajioc& cocTOflHie HHOCTpaBHuxi rocy- 

^[apCTB'B. 

.SKejiaTeJBHO 6ujio 6u co^HHenie (no pyROBOjtCTBy Jlio- 
neea) o npoH3BOj^HTejiiBH£ixi» h ToproBuxi CHjaxx PoccIh; 
OHO npeACTaBHJio 6u TopsecTBeeHoe spi^JiHn^e ncnojiHHCBOft 
PocciH ex efl HecM^THUHH n pa3HOo6pa3HH[HH 6oraTCTBaMn 

(SB'bpOJIOBCTBa, Pu6hEIXI npOMHCJOB'B, CKOTOBOACTBa, QBHiJiejAjliSi, 

jE'icoBOACTBa, ncBonaeniixB coRpoBHiq'L, npeAOCTaBjeHHuxi Poc- 

CIH HCEJ[K)H0TeJIBHO — CailOH) npapO^^OH). nOTOMl HSyifnTeJILHBIfl 

n3A'i^Jiifl(no BOJHiecTBy, ^^emeBHSH']^ u 6ucTpoMy ycoBepmeHCTBO- 
BasiH)) npeACTaBHja 6u Bama npoMunueHHOCTB (XXY). A b'b 
Tofi ;Be sapiHH'b — 6oraTCTBa BHyTpeHHia: yn'i&peeHOCTB h nepe- 
HM^HBOCTB, ^tyioeBHafl 6oApocTB E MflrBOcepAie Pyccnaro, npe- 
sp'^Hie K% MejiKOMy h HHHTOSHOMy, caMOOTBepaseHie, xepnaiiocTB 
B'j^pi, npeAaHHOCTB BepxoBHofi Bjacxn, o6iqesBTejiBHOCTB, ox- 
cyxcxBie noJiHXHHecKHXx ^pe;^pa3cyj^K0B'B. Bi to9 ace cxaxHCXHB* 
nycxB flBEixcfl h IIpaBHxejrBCXBO, npiocbeeHHoe AsrycT'^finieH) 
nop^HpoH), ci CBoeK) CBJOH), Moryo^ecxBOMi, 3a6oxoK) Hapo;^- 
HOMi 6j[arococxoflHiB, Ch ero My;^piiMB HaHSHaHiflMB h BHBMa- 
HieMx B'B A'^Jsy? He bi jEBi^aMi). 

BuxB MoacexB, H oxenecxBeHHOMy ancaxejiK) y^acxca coopaxb 
MaxepiaJia jiJisi no;(o6Haro xpy;ia. 3a6oxjiHBOcxB o pacnpocxpaHefliH 
nojesHBix'B CB'&^^'ikHift CBaBajacb HBAaHieMi sypHajiOBX h rasex'B no 
paBHBiM'B HacxflMi» ynpaBjeHifl (BaBfo: ffiypHaJH MaHy<|)aBxyp'B h 
xoproBJEB, RoMMepiecBafl rasexa h Beau BH'bniHefl xoproBJs), noBpo- 
BExeJiBcxBOifB oxeHecxBeHHofi npoMumJieHHOCXB e Bc:&Mfl j^^Hctbiaue 
IIpaBflxeJiBCXBa 3a nocjiijiHee mecxEjixie. TaBOBu, nanp., pac- 
nopflxefiifl bi FpyBiE (cjioaieHie noAd>xe8, jibfoxu b'b nomjiBHaxB, 
oxBpaxie hobhxx npECxaeefi^yHpes^ieHie hoboB TE4>JKBCCBofi apmob- 
BE, cyBOHHHX'B ^a6pEBi), E coBepmeHCXBOBanifl bi xoHBOinepcx- 
HOMi OBqeBOjD(cxB'fi, B'B neTOxafllB CExi(eB'B, mejiBOBHXx Edyiias- 
Bux'h Ha^EBHux'B Maxepifi (XXIX), caxapoBapeniE, oxEpiixie 
CmpoiOHoecKoA idbojih. 3ax']tMi nocji^xoBajio EsSasjieHie ox'b no* 



' 



— 253 — 

jiaTefl HHocTpaHHuxi OB^apoBi, ycTpoeHie wh Ocfm'3nyiidcKUX6 
(sic) ry6epBiflX'L 4 OBHapHHXi saBOxoB'L. IIojioseHO HanaJio 
mejiEOBOMy npoHseoACTBy bi 3aRaBRa3Bn. Biv Moceb^ OTRpara 
coB^maTeJiBHafl BOHTopa ]s,Jia. yjyqmeHifl OBi^esoACTBa, BiTaBpii- 
necEotf ry6. — BOJiOHifl aHraji^THHCBHxi OBqapoBi. ynpesAeeH 
YWJiEmfi ToproBaro MopenjiaBaHifl, MaHy^asTypHufl cob^ti cb 
OTA'i^jieHieM'B, BOMHTeTaMH, KoppecnoH^^eHTaifH n BucTaBBofi, 
npaBTH^ecBifi TexHOJOrHqecBifl HHCTHTyTx vb nexepCypri. 
Mo^HO Jin He BOCHyTLca oxpaHHTejiBHoS cncieMEi TapH({)a, cefi 
BipeoS san^BTU npoTHBi HBOCTpaHHaro xocyscecTBa, ne ynoHfl- 
HyTB HeycunHoS C^HTejibHOCTH na^ajiBCTBa na 6e33aB0HHux'L 
nyiflxi Ta&HHXi npoBOsoB'L? PosaHOB'L saBJioqaeT'B CBoe jlk)60' 
nHTHoe npe^HCJOBie hobuh'b jsejaHieMi CBopifimaro nacxynjieHifl 
BpeMeHH, Bor^a BpaBCTBeHHaa h Ben^ecTBeHHafl Poccia flBHxca bi^ 
cpaBHBTejEBHoS cTaTHCTHB']^ Ha pfljty CB eBponeficBHMH rocy;^ap> 

CTBaMHjHHCTOpiaTOprOBJH H npOMUnueHHOCTH OSapHTl HOBHM'B 

CBiTOMi flBJEenifl sFsneHHOfi cejiu h ducTpBifi BOspacTi ea- 
inero oxe^ecTBa b'b cjas'b h SHaMennTOCTH. 

RHHra 6apoHa flwnena, HJiena napHSCBHxi HHCTHTyxa n 
aEa^eMiH, nsB'i^CTHaro cbohmh sypcaMH MexanHBH a npuBJiaAHoS 
reoMeTpiH, tfiuia nepeBe^eHa no mucjih H. A. IIoMeoiOj coma- 
j'&Bmaro, hto eny caifOMy neBorjia BSJiTBCfl sa dxy pa6oT}, a 
ero coTpyAHHBaHi ona ne no CHjaMi. PosaHOBT*, ee roBopa 
nojesoMy, npHHfljrcfl sa nepeBOA'B, h OBOHqnBmH oCmnpHoe 
BBej^eeie, npoHHTaji'B ero HnEOJiaK) AjieBcieBaqy. IIojieBott 
OAo6pnj[i'B H no8;^paBnj['L PosaeoBa ex ycQ'i^xoH'B, a bi Harpa^y 
3a TO, HTO yBasajri co^HHeHie, noipeOoBajix, ^to6ii BBe;^eHie 
6ujio npo^HTaHo nepeAx hxi jiHrepaTypHEiMi BpyatBOMx, BOTopuft 
H 6hjix cofipafli y PosanoBa. ^peB'B nojiro^ta pyEonncB nepe- 
BOAa 6ujia qepes'B npe^tci^taxeJifl MaHy<|»aBTypHaro coB'i^Ta SI. A. 
JIjpyoicuHuua noiHeceHa MHHHCTpy. TpyA'B 6ujL'h naneqaxaHi na 
BaseHHEitt cqeTi ci upeAOCTaBjeHieifB dEseMnjflpoB'B aBxopy, 
BOTopufi nojiyqEJCB en^e xeHesHyH) narpa^Ky h 6pBrjrj[iaHT0BHfi 



— 254 — 
nepcreHb oti Focy^iapfl. KaHra ^lanena bi npojcojixeme MHoraxi 

S^Tb 6aJLB, B'B HaHy({)aiSTypHOM'B eOB'^T'b HaCTOJIBHOH) BHdrofi; 

QpoesTBpyfl o6ii^ifl vipu no wcth npoMfiinuieHHOCTH h ToproBjiH, 
cnepea sarjiflAusajiH, H'i^rB jih o6t» dTOUT> upemGt'b naBBXi- 
jiHoo cyaR^TBHifl y ^tonena ^). 

PosaHOB'L cjiyniaji'L jesi^iH Be.iJiaHCKaro no o6n;eB (^m- 
siojioriH (bi 1828 — 29 rr.). BejuraHCKift nacTOJiBKO jcoBipajix 
ero JTHTepaxypHofi oaHTHocTH h 6hjii nacTOJiLKO y6'kmji^E% 3% 
ero nOHHMamB $hjoco(|)CKhx'b H^efi, ^to nopy^HJi eny cthjh- 
CTHHeCKyio nepepa6oTKy CBoero nocj^OTaro Tpy;ra5 KOTopony 
Tasi) H He cyatjteno 6eijio ABHTBCfl bi> cb'I^tx ^). PodanoBB se 
tifiijn nocpe;[HHSOM'B c6jiH:KeHifl BejuiancKaro ci IIoJieBUM'B (na 
noHB'6 mejiJiBHroBofi (j[)HJioco^iB): eny PosanoB-L nepe^ajn B'B 
MocBBi 18 naneqaHHHxi jthctobi „$h3HKH*, o KOTopofi Ilojie- 
Boa jajii JiecTHHfi 0T3HBX. H. A. lIojreBofi, chaa bx Ile- 
TepOypri nojrh apeciOMi na KBapTHpi y J. B. Jly66eAhma (no 
PosanoBy, y^eaypnaro reeepajia A. E. Uomanoea '), npocHJii 
TOJiLBo nocjiaTB BynHTB tJifL Hero BHHry, neBa^ojiro BumejnnyK) 
Bi cB^Ti. dxa BHBra ^Eua TOJCT'^ttmafl ^^Hsasa^ BeorjaHCKaro. 
^BpaxxMofl", roBopHTT> Jic.MoAeeaA *), ,eme bx Moceb4 xo- 

T^Jil BynflTB 66, XOTfl He MorB 6u laMi CBopo HB^paxB BpeMfl 

o^tOJi^TB TaByH) SHnry; B;^pyrB o^yTHBinHCB nocpe^H nojHaro 
;iocyra, obi BSAynajii saHflXB ero xpy^^HOio pa6oToio ^BTaiB Beji- 
jiaucBaro. TsmeAusij Tpy^Hiifl ajia ^Tenia, ho ^^'J^jibbha BHBrH— 
ncTHHHoe 6jiaroA£flHie A*ifl xoro, Bony Ha;[o6Ho saHflXB Aocjvh, 
HHor^a 6oji'be TarocTHBifi, HesejiH caicaa TpyAoaa pa6oTa^. 



Gip. 124, npHH. 

*) Cip. 115. 

») Cip. 122. 

^) SanHCEH, CTp. 337. 



— 255 — 
PosaHOBi no^TBepsjiaeT'B: ^nojieBOfi (H. A.) oxsuBajiCfl Ch 

BOCTOprOM'B oCx ^yMOapHTeJIbHOfl $H3HKi** H rOBOpHJTt, TOO eji;HH- 

CTBeHHo ^Tenie btofo TBopenifl cnocoGcTBOsajio eiiy ;ierEO nepeHeCTn 
HesxaHHyK) onajy sa CM'kiyH) spHTHsy bi ^TeJierpa^']^^ na 
jipaMy KyKOAhHUKa: „Pysa BceBumHflro oxeqecTBo cnacjra^ ^). 

no noBOAy me^JTBHroBCRHXi^ yBjeneHifi IIoiieBoro Komo- 
^H0&3 ') saM^qaex'B: ^XapaKxepHCTHqHO ajlsl xoro BpeMena, hxo h 
KpysoR^L IIojieBoro ci^ sapoMi> Hsyqaji lUejuiifHra.... TaEHMi 06- 
pasoMi IIoJieBOJS, nas'L h BijinHCsifi, nosHasoMnJicji ci H'iMei^EOK) 
^HJoco4)ieH) Bi 2SHBofi p^l^^H, a Be Hsynajii ee caH'L, h noxoiiy 
OHi TOJiBKO cxBaxHJix Ha Jiexy o6ii^ee HanpaBJieHie, He nosHaEo- 
MCL ci caMOK) cyinHOCXBK), H HC 6y;^yqH noaxoMy st cocxoaHia 
^aib efi sasoe-j[H6o cepBesnoe npHjEomenie''. 3xo expo roe, xoxa 
H Bpa^^iH cnpaBeAJiHBoe cy:KA6Hie Roj[K)naHOBa BnojH']^ corjia- 
cyeTCfl ct MHiHieM'B M. F. IlaeAoea. 



' -o 



3N 



') Cip. 122. 

^) Biorpa(})iA A. H. KomejieBa, 1, 2, CTp. 65. 



npo0. EsremA Eo6povb. 



♦NiiO€®^iii i% m^wk 



■v ^ >*-.• x^ ^ 



MATEPIAJIbl, 



• 1 . ' 




KSJMOBAEIM 1 3A1%TEH. 



K A 8 A H b. 

THno-JiHTorpacI)!!! HMnBPATOPCKAro VHRBepcRTeTa 

19 0. 



ne^aTaHo no onpeA^iieHii) HCTopHKO-^HJiojiorH^ecKaro ^axyjiLTeTa Eh- 
nepaTopcxaro EasaHCKaro YHHBepcHTeTa. 



HAMTl 



•** 



Hhkojiah Hkobjiebhha 



rPOTA 



nocBamaeTT> aBTopT>. 




-^ 



OT"b aBTopa. 



IIpeAJiesaii^ifi Tperifi BBinycsi npoAOJisaexx cepiio ^Ma- 
TepiajioBx" bi TOifB se Ayxi MOHorpa({)H9ecRofi n ;i[eTaj[BHofl 
pa3pa6oTRfl nepBoncTOHHHEOBX no HCTopiH ({)Hj[oco({)in b'b PoccIh. 
EcjH He npBmjio eiiiie Bpeiifl Hanncaxb i^ijBHyio h CBflSHyio 
HCTopiK) dTofi HayEB sa Bce BpeMa nponspacTanifl ejiHapyccBofl 
noqfii, TO ox^tjiBHue dniojiu 9Tofi ncTopia ne oCTanyTca, Giitb 
KOJKeTi), coBci^Mi 663% BCflEaro SBaneHifl, no^rOTOBJAfl BaMHH 
W dyxymiaro ofirnHpearo 3;iaHifl. 

nepBHfi 08*1 3TK)A0Bl, BSO^^flD^HXl Bl 9Ty BHEFy, nOCBH- 

mfiwh pascMOTp'j^BiK) ojiHOfi CTopoHu ;^'6flTej[bH0CTH ^. M. Beji- 
jaBCKaro, BOxopoS h 00*1 caH'B, n soMnexeHTHHe coBpeMeHHHSH 
ere npH^iaBajH HOMajiOBasHoe sBa^eaie. MaxepiajiOMx jiJis o6pa- 
60TBH HOHorpa^iH xpy^axi) Hamero cjaBHaro ^BJioco^a-Me^^BBa 
nosHBOTHOMy HaPHBTHCMy cJiysHJia, spoM'& neqaTHEixi ;^aHH£ixi, 
emfi H posucsaHHafl mhok) pysonHCB xpy/^aero, nensjitaHHaro b'b 
CBoe BpeMfl no i^ensypEHMX saxpyj^HeHiflH'B, n 10 chxti nopi ne 
pascifOTptHHaro. 

Bxopofi dTK)A'B nocBflu^enx ^HJioco(|)CBOfi A'i^flTejBHOCTn ne- 
caxejTfl BecBMa HSB'bcTHaro (Bnpo^eMi, ne na btomi nonpnn^']^), a 
HMeHHO, A. H. Pa;[Hn^eBa. Xoxa ero 6ojBuioe ^HJioco^cEoe co- 
^Hflenie yse ;taBHO HanenaxaHO, ho oho enxe ho npHBJieRajio 
BHHMaHifl E'dCjAjifiBSLiejiei B'B Tofi cxeneHH, b'b BaBofi oho axoro, 
no HameMy mb'^hIk), sacjcysHBajio 6u. PesyjiBxaxu, b'b BOxopHMi 



II 



K£r npHHiJia uocjA BHHMaTejiBHaro HsyneHifl TpaEiaxa „0 ?ejio- 
wbzij oero CMepxHOCTH h 6e3CMepTin^ ntcEOJiBKO pasHATca on 
o6ii^6npHHflTux'B H xoAfl^HXi ME'^Hifl OTHOCHTeJBHO HanpaBjeHifl 
H jMCTBeHHEixi HHTepecoBi PaAHii^eBa. 

OnuTHUJS oasi, ROHeqeo, cpasy OTRpoexi^ toti BiicoRifi 
o6pa3ei]('B, BOTopoMy no ifip'b chji'b niiTajicji bx aTHXi mcJi^jiOBA- 
Hiflxi noApascaxB aBiopi bx OTHomemH to^hocth MeTo^^ii h o6- 
maro HCTopH'iecEaro CesnpncTpacTia. 9to Bjiiaeie OTiacTH cm- 
sajocb n Bi> caHOMx sarjaBie namefi BHHrn. OdpaseiifL Ham's— 
HacTHTiiA H8CJr']^A0BaTejiB, aBa^ieHHKi M. H. CyxoMjiHHOBx. 

Bo BpeMfl ne^araHifl BHHrn aBTopy cyaL^eHO 6eijio nepe- 
HecTH 6oJiBrayH) noiepio: ynepx H. fl. FpoTX. Ti, kto SHaiH 
ero cepAAe, ^yBCTByioTx, qib ohh noTepajH. A Hamx ipyii 
Bx HacTHOCTH yxpaTHJix Bx H. SI. FpoT* HejiOB-feKa, cjii;[HBfflaro 
sa ero cyAi>6ofi ex shbeimx (xota, 6£itb Moatexx^ u ex Hesacjy- 
ateHHBiMx) BHHMaHieMx... PoBx HO cy^HJix MH'6 npe;^CTaBHTB eufy 
9T0 ^npoAOJEScenie^. E^^nHCTBeHHOio noBa bosmoshoctbh) aja Menfl 
no^THTB ero naMATB aBjaeTea yspacHTB ero HMeneHx moh) rhh- 
ry — H BTO ex T-iMX 66jiBfflHMX npaBOMX, qTo H. Si. FpoTx ne tojlbim) 
6uJ[x caHX OAHHMX H3X BH^^Huxx Bx HaniH ^HH npe^^CTaBHTeJieB 
pyecKofi <|»uoeo(|)eBOfi MuejiB h oexaBHJEx no ce6'b daBflTEHft 

CJf'bA'B BX „HCTOpiH ^HJTOCO^iH BX PoceiH^, HO H ?yTB IB 

He nepBufi saroBopHJx o Heo6xo;tnMoeTH EsynaTB „HCTopiK) 
pyecBoS (|)Hj[oco^iH^ n, BaBX HSB'&eTHO, ;^ase sa^taBajx exy Teicy 
j[,jisi paspaCoTBH ea bx co^HHeHiH na He^^ajB.... H sa^cb ohi 
asHJiea HHHi^iaTopoMX. ©vyjffxftv /zy; Ti^ye rovg dyadovg..., 

lOpBCBX, 

12. VII. 99. 



Or/iae/ieHie. 

Omp. 

I. Tpy^i^ti ^. M. BeJEJiaHCBaro no SHBOTHOuy MarHH- 
THSliy 1. 

U. A. H. Pa^Hii^eBi, saBi ^hjioco({)'l 55. 



nonpaBKM. 



Hacxp. 2, npHM. 1, 3 cipoKa CHHsy Hy»HO: A.D.B'-ie. 

fla cxp. 17, cxposa 8 cBepxy HaiofiHo; Faulfieberepi- 
demien. 



I. 

Tpyssi ,21. M. BeJiJiaBCKaro 

no »CHBOTHOMy MarHHTH3My. 

Dr. M. FeAue ^) bx HeKpojiori BejuaHCKaro c^ejit Hyat- 

HHMl BHABHHyTL HE BH^'B TO oOCTOflTeJIBCTBO, ^TO BeJJiaHCKifl 

nepBufi 6*1 PocciH nocBATHJix Hay^Hoe BSHHaHie jRHBOXHOMy na- 

rHHTHSMy. JI^tfiCTBHTeJIbHO, MeAHB'l>-<|)HJIOCO<|)l> HHEOr^a He 6£IJ['L 

ysKHifL noBJiOHHHROMi^ BaRoS-jiH6o o^^Hofi nxKOJiBi Bi Tepanis, 
He (^ujL'h TaRJse npHBepseHi];eMx o^^nott jiaTHHCKoS ByxHH hjih 
(|^apMaii;eBTHHecKaro jitneHia, ho cb HsyMHTeJiBHOK) ^Jia Toro Bpe- 
MeHH npoHHn;aTejiBHOCTiK) ciAjij/Ljrh sa Hapoat^tenieMt hobhx'b Me- 
To^OBx, ex EOTopHMH H BHaKOMHjT'B pyccKyK) Me;^H^HHCKyH) ny6- 
JHKy — nyxeMX nepeBO^^OBx, Hanp., co^HHenifl PygSeAauda (o mh- 
HepajBHHX'B Bo;^ax'B), KAenne (o Ji^HeHiii Bowiono IIpHCHHn;y) ^). 
HeyAHBBTejiBHO, ^to oh'b o6paTHj['B CBoe BHHHaHie h na moahhA 
Torj^a Bonpocx o npHJomeniH bi Tepanin t. tias. JBHBOTHaro na- 
FHHTHSMa, npsHeui jhhho, coo6pa8HO CBOOMy Bcer;i;amHeMy (|)hjio- 
co(j)CKOMy xapaKiepy, Bcero fioj-ie saHHTepecoBajicfl ero Teopiero, 
06'BflCHeHieH'B ero ex TOHBH 3p']&Hifl o6ii^efi 6\omvm. TaBSHi o6pa- 
soMX OHX Bx 1818 r. Hsj^ajix co^HHeHie ^) ^hbothomx MarnnTHSMi, 



^) OHJioco4)iH Bl PocciH, T. 11, CTp. 87. 

2) TaiiT. 7R%, cip. 76, 78, 79. Cp. HHJKe, cip. 13--MHtHie jtOKTopa 
^. Foeopoea o aHeyTOMHMOJi peBHOCTn BeJUiaHCRaro no BBeAeHiio bi cj^epy spa- 
ne6Hux'b HayKii BastHtHiniixi OTKpEiTid bi nojibsy CBonxi C00TeHecTBeHnHK0Bi». 

^) TaMi ace, cip. 79. 

1 



Ky^a BHecB HCTopa^ecKia h npaKTH^ecKifl cwkjitmsi o hcmx, 
saHMCTBya hxx hsi co^HHenia o^Horo hst. jiyqniHxx Bpanefi Toro 
BpeMeHH if-^2/^e ^); ott. ce6a ase BejuiaHCsifl npaSaBHJiT* o6myK) 
<|>HJioco(|)CKO-(J)H3ioJiorHqecKyH) Teopiio ^HSoxHaro MareHTHBMa. 

Kapjit AjieKcanjipx ^epjiHHaHi'L Kjiyie, TafleHB Me^HEin- 
HajiBHHfi coBiTHBK'B H npo^eccop-B XHpypria h aKymepcxBa npa 
BepjHHCKOMx yHHBepcHTeTi, ;iHpeETopx 6ojLhEVLTJM Charite, po- 
jHJica 9 ceHT. 1782 r. b-b Straussberg (Mittelmark), dHjrt chht> 
TaMomHaro ropo;iCKoro xnpypra. 1 Maa 1800 r. 6biji'l npHHaTx 
Bx MeAHii,HBCKO-XBpyprHHecKyio msojiy, a bx 1804 r. Biiny- 
meHX H HasHaqe'HX no;iXHpyproM'B npn Ka;i,eTCKOM'B Kopuyci bt. Bep- 
jiHHi, 13 ceHTafipa 1806 r. Kjiyre uojiynHJH npn 9p$ypTCK0Mx yHn- 
BepCHTexi cxeneBb ;^OKTopa Me;^H^HHH h xapyprin sa ;iHCcepTauiK) 
De iridis motu. JIfi JihE'tHmyio cjiyaK6y npoxojiHJi'B yate o6ep-XH- 
pyproMx npa pasHBixx yqepeat^teHiaxx, aBxl811 — 12 rr. c;[aji'B 
rocy^iapcTBeHHHS BRsaMeHX npn Me^tHKO-xepyprn'iecKOfi asaie- 
MiH, TA* BHCTynHJii, KOHEyppeHTOMx Ha XHpyprHqecByK) Kaee;ipy, 
BOTopyK) H nojyqHJix 27 anp. 1814 r. Uotomx ohx cxajix ;i;h- 
peETopoMx xHpyprH^ecKaro h rHHeKOJiorHHecKaro OT^iiiJieHit bx 
Charite. Bx 1811 r. Kjiyre hswji'b HOTepecyiomyH) nacx KHHry 
MarHHTndM'6 ^), Boxopaa HM'fajia ein;e;iBa ns^iama (1815,1819), 
n BpoMi pyccBaro, 6£ija nepeBejiena aa rojtJiaHj^CRifi, niBejicuii 
H ^axcKifl aBHKH (1812 — 1818). Csoft npe;tMex'B coHHHeHie Kjyre 
HSJEarajio seeBMa xohho h ea ocHOBaeiH o^eHB 6ojihmo9 Jinxepa- 
TypH. Bt» 1820 r. ohx oxKasairca otx npHrjamema bx rpet(})c- 
BajTB^x npo4)eccopoMx xnpypriH a aKymepcxBa. Bx 1821 r. obx 
nojy^HJix npo^ccypy nps EepjiiiHCBOiix yHHBepcHxex'6, a bx 
1828 r. eny nopyqeea ;(E[peRii;ifl Charite (bx saKOMx SBaHiHOHX 



^^ Biorpa<I)HHe€Rifl GB^ji,tmn o Kjiyre B3flTbi HaMH n3X onepRa E. G u r 1 1 
<H3Bi^CTHaro B^TopnRa Mepi^RHbi); btotx onepRX tocTOfBAem no yRaaamflMi 
cuHa npo({)frccopa^ Kjiyre— 0. H Ji y r e (paHibe bh Bep^iHBi) n BdBf&meHii bi 
A» JS(, B— ie, t. 16, crp. 250 h cji*«. 

^) Yersucli einer Burstelluiig des ashnali^clieii Magnetismus als Heil- 
mittel. 



— 3 — 

oocToaj'B TO CMepTH). Bi CJ^AyiomeMX 1829 ro^^y ohx cTaJi-B »iJie- 
eoMi Bucmaro Me;iQi^BBCKaro yHpen^ienifl bi rocy^pcTBt: Hay4tiotf 
/(enyiai^iH no Me;iHi^HHCKOfi qacTH npn MHHHCiepcTB'fe jifkji'h 
AyxoBHMxx, Mej^Hi^BHCRnx'B H BapoAHaro npocBtn^eeifl. Obi 
yMepi 26 Maa 1844 r. 

Ero JiHxepaTypHHfl npoH3Be;i;eflifl no xapyprin h aKymepcTey 
HeMHoroHHC^eHBH H He oCijeMHCTH, noM^meHH, no 6ojibmofi ^acTH, 
Bt aypHajfaxt, Easx nanp., „Berichte fiber die Vorgange in 
der Berliner Charity- Gebaranstalt (1824— 1827), OTji^jthno— 
BHnwH: Apparatus deligationis, Edit. TI, 1831, in folio h 
Eegulativ fttr die Anfertigung der einfachen chirurgischen 
Verbande, 2 Aufl. 1831. HtcKOJbKO qyanxx coHHHemfl nann- 
caHu Ba oCHOBaBiH co6paHHaro emi> naTepiajia, ero pyKonnced, 

.leKI^ift H COB-feTOBl. 

ToBapamn Kjyre xapaKiepHSOsajiH ero laKi: Kjiyre, nn- 
luerx o;iHHi, o6jiaAaji'B coBepmeBso MaTeMaiHqecKOfi tojioboio; 

TaSOBUMX OBl) HBJIfleTCfl BO 30^%% CBOEXl B306p']^TeHi2X'B, Bl 

pasui^peHHOCTB CBoefi jifkaiejihviocTJi no BpeMenB. Kasi) bi» reo- 
MeTpHqecKofl ansBH, b*b npocrpaHCTBi, oh'l 6hj% ojHi^eTBopeB- 
Hofi RpHCTajtJiHsai^eK), xaRx n b'l apnoMeTB^ecBofi ;rh3hh, bo 

BpeweBH, OH-B ChJ'L OJIHI^eXBOpeHEHMl pBTMOMt. Bj> Ka^ecTB'fe 

nHcaxejia obi 6ujn> 6ojiie penpo;iyKTHBeHT>, niM-B npojiyKTHBem.. 
To, ht5 ;^pyrie MHcaajra bi Oesnopa^^K*, ont pacKJiajUHBajTB no 
JHHiaMx ropH30HTajiBHHM'B, BOpTHKajiBHHMX, H pi»e, — no Kpyffi- 
HHMi. Ho Kjiyre juijii h 6kitb npoH8BO:iHTejrbHHMi, npaBjia, 

nOJTB CKpOMHHMX HHKOrHHTO: h6o BeCTaffiaTeJIBHOCTB 6HJia FJiaB- 

BOK) MepTOK) ero npeKpacnofi ;iymH; ero BnyTpeHHfla mKaTyjCKa 
OTspBiTa 6ujra ffjia MJiaAmBxx npe;[CTaBHTeJieS nayB^. Ranx 

TOJTbSO OH'B ntf%J[l C06cTBeHHyK) UHCJEB, OH'B OXOTHO JliJlVLJiCSi 

eH> ex ApyrBMB, a vk 3aKp'6njiaj[H ee na 6yMar% n npe^craB- 
JLUJUi H8;i;aTejwo (brachten zu Papiere und znm Verleger). 
€RpoMH£[fi aBTopx eu^o 6jraro;iapHJix fl mste pa;i(OBaJca, noToiiy 
^TO eM^ 6£tJto Cespas^iH^HO, etc cBasajix 9to aaaepeji'B, jtHuiB 6bi 

1* 



— 4 



Cujio xopomo. Kjiyre 6ujny BonjioiAeeie JiorifBH aHaj[Q3a^ aea- 
tomIh mhcjih, — no MH^HiH) HtEOTopiiXT, ;taae „^e;^aHT'fc", ano- 
3T0My HecpaBHeHHHft y^HTejiB. Ecjih 6h cepAi^e ero 6hjio 
MeH'i^e npeBpacHo, to oh^b 6uA'b 6a 2 HecpaBHeHHEiMx a;(MHHH- 
cxpaxopoMi. nopoBi Kjyre 6uji'h toti, hto ohi Cbijh nepea- 
^yp-L xopomx; ;ipyrHXi nopoEOBX y Hero He 6hjio"... h t. ji,. 

He desxHHTepecHo, ^to Ejiyre sanHiiajix BHCOBoe nojoseme 
cpeAH MaccoHOBi, n xas^e 6uji'h fiojibmnM'B 3HaT0B0Mi b j[K)6h- 

IIoAJiHHHoe co^HHenie Kjiyre b* AByx^ Tonaxi (onn- 
caHO no dBaeMHjflpy Bxoporo HSjcaHifl , xpaHfln^emycfl b'b 
6H6jiioxeKi KasaHCKaro YHnBepcHxeTa). Versuch einer Dar- 
stellung des animalischen Magnetismus, als Heilmittel, von 
Karl Alex. Ferd. Kluge, der Heilkunde Doctor und Pro- 
fessor an der kfiniglich preuss. medicinisch - chirurgis- 
chen Pepinifere. Prufet Alles, und das Gute behaltet. Erster, 
Oder theoretischer Theil. Wien, 1815. Im Verlage der Franz 
Haas'schen Buchhandlung. 3xoxx ate jihcxokx (cl rpaBnpo- 

BaHHOK) BHHBeXBOH)) UOBXOpeH'B H npH bXOpOlA'B XOM^, BOTO- 

pud HM'Jbex'B BTopofi xHTyjix, noBxopflioniift Bce, spoM*]^ BHHBexEH: 
Zweyter oder practischer Theil. Ha ofiopoxt nepBaro xnxyjia: 
Erklarung der Vignette. Die Nacht, als die Erzengerin alles 
Schonen und Furchtbaren, Dunkeln und GeheimnissvoUen, 
und daher die Mutter der Brllder Schlaf und Tod, weilt mit 
diesen ihren Sohnen auf dem dden Gipfel eines wolkenumhan- 
genen Berges, welchen Aesculap unter Leitung des am sad- 
lichen Himmel glanzenden Sternbildes, des Compasses aufge- 
funden hat, und nun bemaht ist, den dem Schoosse der 
Mutter schon entrlickten Schlaf aus seiner dunkeln Halle 
hervorzuziehen, und ihn mit sich fortzuftthren ^). 

^) Cm HeMT> CTaTbK) ero npeeMHHKa Jos. Herm. Schmidt bt» Med. Zeit 
des Ver. f. Heilk. in Preussen, 1848, p. 201. 

*) Bi 3Toi BHHteTK'fe, 0H€BHAHO, cKasajHCb MaccoHCKie BKycH Kjiyre.— CO' 
emopoio HsaaHifl eMCHHO h c^tJiaHa nepepa6oTKa BejaaHCKaro. 



- 5 — 

nepBHft TOMx nocBameH-B Dem Hochwohlgebornen Herrn 
Johann Goercke (AJHHHHfl nepe^ent thtyjiob'l), Dem Freunde 
and Verehrer der Natur und Wahrheit im Hochgeftthle etc. 
Ofli coAepatHTB XII cTp. (THTyji, noCBflmenie, Vorbericht 
V— XII), H 13 — 312 CTp. BTopofi tom-l: ;^Ba THxyjia, tckct-b 
CB 315 — 511 cxp. (coMHenie J^o 442 cip., wJiie Register: 
I. Nahmen-Register 445 — 354 onen. bm. 454 h II. Sach- Register 
455 — 511). TeECTx n sarojiOBKH yRpameHEi pasjnqHEiMn dns- 
rpa({)aMH hsI) CTHXoxBopeHifi niHjJiepa n ApyrExx noaiOB'B. 

Bt I TOMt Einleitung 15—21 (10 §§), I. Abschnitt. 
Entdeckungsgeschichte des an. M. 26 — 91 (§§ 13—63); 

II Abschnitt: Uebersicht* der magnetischen Erscheinungen — 
92-211 (§§ 64—166) h III Abschnitt. Beleuchtung der 
raagn. Erscheinungen 212—312 (§ 167—229). Bo II tom*: 
Practische Ansicht 315—316 (§ 230, 231). I Abschnitt. 
Eigenschaften des Magnitiseurs 317—323 (§ 232—240), 
n Abschnitt. Magnetische Behandlung 324—424 (§ 241—337) a 

III Abschnitt. Bestimmung der Falle, in welchen die Anwen- 
dung des animalischen Magnetismus angezeigt ist 425 — 442 
{§§ 338 — 356). CoMHCHie HBoSnjiyeT'L ccHJKaMe na pasnooC- 
pasHHe ;^peBHie h coBpeMeHHBie yqeHEie xpy^tu h npejicxaBJiaeTi 
pesyjEbxaxrb o6pa6oxKH rpoMa;i;Ho8 jiHxepaxypH. Tpy;^^. Kjyre 
jy^me bcskhxx CBH^tTeJiBCTB'B noKasHBaexjb bx neMx BejHKaro 
yqeHaro h bx BBicmefi cxenenH oSpasoBannaro h pasBiixoro ^er 

JIOB'^Ra. 



BsTMji'b BeJijaHCEaro na sHa^eHie n cMucjfB sKEBOTHaro- 
MarHHT03Ma Bcero Jiyqme o6pHCOBEiBaeTca Bt ero npe^HCJOBifl 

KX OSHaqeHHOMy COqHHeHiH>. 

Me;KAy $H3HqecKQMn OTRpuxiflMn, roeopHTx BejEJiaecEifi, bi 
nocji'ik^Hefi nojOBtfe*]^ npomeAmaro CTOJi'J^Tifl :a^HBOTH£ifi Marfle- 
THSMx ecTB canoe Baa^HMoiee. Ho no BJiiflHiio rocnoACTBOBauiaro 
Ayxa BpeMeHH, ;tojro ocTaBa^ca ohx bx o6mefi HensBicTHOCTH'^ 
HeMHorie saHHMaJiHCb umi b'b xafin^. ^y^ecHi^fimifl sBjieHifl sh- 
BOTBaro MarHHTn3Ma ae HCTopraK)TCJi no boji*]^ JiersoMucjieHHaro 
Haii'i^peHifl, a n^^yxx tojebeo Ha BCTptqy HCBpeHHeMy a^ejiaHiio 

npOBBBeCTB OHUfl H TBepjlOfi yBlipeBHOCTH B7* QCTHHHOM'B HX'B 

HCTo^HHKi. HofiopoBX rpy6He npe;ipa3cy;^KH h KH^JHBoe caMO- 
j[K)6ie, — 6e3npHCTpacTie BpnTHqecsaro xyxa npHsnajio aLHBOTBuft 
MarHHTHSM'B eaotcurbUmuMz npeAMeTOMi ^yBCXBeHHaro n yMCTeeH- 
Haro nosHaeia (cxp. 11). 

Tenepb bx FepMaHin npaBTuqecBie spa^n, ne cqeTaa ero 

HH OfiMaHOMX, HH CBepxeCTeCTBeHHUMli Mt^mUUtC3M0MZ^ OTBpUTO 

3aHHMaH)Tca sAarHHTHUMx jEi^eHieMx 6oJi'&BHeft, a nocjii^^cxBifl 
HX'B onuxoBx B03B']^n](aiDxca bx nepio;^HqecBnx'B ns^tamflxx h oco-^ 
CeHHuxx Me^Hi^QHCBnx'B co^HHemaxx. Mnorie nsi npesEBXi 
npoxuBBHROBx yHHHHJiHCB peBHOCXHUMH HOCJi'i^jiOBaTeJEaMn Mec- 
Mepa. H s^icB bx Poccin MarnnxHSMx cxajix ynoxpeCoiaTBca nt- 
Mei^BHMH Bpa^aMH (cxp. III). 

Ho Poccificsie Bpa^H n (|)H30Bn, ne BHaK)U],ie wbueujsATO^ 



— 7 — 

flSHKa, He HMiiOT'B no;ipo6earo ceiAiHia o hbmx, uoejiHsy i^oHuni- 
He 6ujio eme oficTOflTejbHaro nsjioaseHifl o6x obomx ea poccifl* 

CEOM'E flSHRt. 

MecMepi pacapocTpannj^ cBoe jit^eaie CHaqa^ua bo ^pae- 
i^iH, H BCfl OTHQCflUj^aaca Eik eeMy jiHTepaxypa CuJia sa <|)paHi^y3- 

CSOMl) flSHE'b. Ho Tenepb MarHHTHSM'B CBCXeMaTH^eCRH OnUCB.B'h 

yneHBiMH H'i^Mi^aMH FMeAunoMai, reHueKeHOMb, BumoAmoM^ h 
ApyreMH. BepjiHHCKifi ate npo<|)eccopx KAyie na ocHOBaHifl (|)paH- 

I^ySCKHXl H H^Mei^EHX'B HCTO^HHBOB'L, npOB'IpUB'B BX^ C06CTBeH- 

HKiMB onuTaBHH, HB^aj^ nojHoe co^HHeHie BacaxejiBHO HCTopH^ec* 
soS H opaKTB^ecBofi qacTH. Ho eeopeTBqecsafl qacTB, cocTas- 
jeHHaH HMi Hsi P6^^0t»^a^ fl Apyrax'B nojiomeHifi, HBifajio He> 

CQOTBtTCTByeT^ HUHimHBM'B ^BBiOJTOrBHeCBBM'B nOHaTiflMl» ^B'B 

FepiiaHiB h He^ocTaTO^Ha. Hm^a pesHOCTs bi cnocn'bmecTBOBap- 
HJK) (J^BSB^ecBHXii noHflxifi wh Bameii'B OTe^eeTB^ b ^ejias OBa- 
3aTL ycjyry poccifiCBBM^L Bpa^am, jiioSeBHHM'B mobmi cooie^ecT- 

BeBHBBaM'B, P^mBJCB fl BSAaXB Ha PoCCifiCBOMX flSHB^ ]i,wk qacTH 

Hsx co^BHCHia r. KAyie^ BOTopoe CTOTa.eTca HaBjyn.niHM'B (cip. V)- 

HBJieHifl Bl> MarHflTHOMX COCTOAHiB BCaOC06H MarHBTHSBpO- 

Bania, 6y;iy?H BecbMa yj^BBBTejBHU, t'^m'b 6oj[^e B036yjB;(aH>T'i». 
BCflBaro pasMumJiaiou^aro bx ysHaHiBO npB^HHfii ohhxx. A noeeiiy 
eeopia mHBOiHaro MarHBTBBMa cTOJiBBoace ecTb Baateaa, cbojibbo 
Hflyatflaa »iacTB cero coraaeHia^ Bo Bchxx co^aHeeiaxi eeopeTB- 
^CBoe noHflTie npe^CTaBJieHO BecbMa TeMHbiM'L. MarHBTHaa ismjLr 
BOCTB, caMa no ce6']& HeB3B']kcTHafl, npBHBMaeTca 663;^% ]im (|)b- 
SH^ecBaro B3i)acHeHia Bcixx MarHHTHHXx sBJieHifi. A npoHaqa- 
lejiBHMa cno4^o6HOCTB wh HarHBTHOM% coCToanifl npanBCiiBaEOTCa 
oco6jiBBOA(y BSM'i&HeHiK) ;i;ymB, xotb TaBOBOe HecBo8cTBeHHO 6e3- 
CMepTBOMy ea cyiu,ecTBy. 

MarHBTHHfi COHl H Heo6HBHOBeHHBia BX HeMX qyBCTBOBaHia 

CTOJiB ^e Tpy;^H£lI jiJia H3xacHeHia, ceojibbo h naTypa-iBHHfi cohi, 
H HyBCTBeHHEia ;i;iftCTBifl wh 6KkEm. Ti h Apyria cocTaBJiaiOTx 
o;^By sajiaqy opraHB^ecEaro BBCJii^tOBania; ho EOTopyio noo6£|B- 



8 



HOBeHHOMy cno€o6y 4^ii3BHecKHX'B H ncHXHqecEBX'B pa3CMaTpHBa- 
Bit pimBTb He MOSHO. /(.ifl nosHamn iiarHHTHaro csa, Kasi 
6oii3fleHHaro coctoahu bi HejOFbR'b, eyxHO H^/bTL noH;iTie o 
cymHOCTH ero opraeHSMa vh siopoBom, ecTecTBeHBOMi nojose- 
hIh; Hfl, pysoBOACTByflCB yMOsptHieii'B HaTypajbHofi $0i[oco4)iH, 
coHHHHJi'B eeopiio sHBOTBaro MarHBTflSMa b% ^BsiojforH^ecROH'E 
fl naooJiorB^ecROMi OTHooieHiB, ROTopaa cocTaejifleT'B TpeTiio ^acTs 

Cefl RHHrH (cTp. VII). 

He BCflRi MoseTi 6mti» MarHBTflsepoii'B; b6o ma cero ipe- 
6yeTCfl oco^jHBoe ^BSHHecEoe RanecTBO, epaBCTBeHHoe pacnojo- 
asenie, 6;[aronpiflTHEifl o6cTOflTejibCTBa b BuroAHue cjyqan. Ho 
Hu^Tb HacTOflniee noHATie o mBBOTHOifb uslteetesu^ nojresHO h 
Heo6xo;(BMo bm'&tb EasxoMy EcxecTBOBcnuTaTeJiH), b(5o OHxecTB 
CHJiBH^fimee h CRpHTH'bfiniee ;i;McTBie bb opraHB^ecBofi npe- 
po^'h: ecjH ohb saeBMaeT'b BCflRaro j[H)6on£iTHaro, to bojibmh 
na^e sacJiya^BBaeT'B ohi> ocofijHBoe BHBMaHie Bpauefi n <{)H3H- 
KOBi (cxp. VIII). 

HojiHoe sarjiaBie coqaeeHia Kjyre-BejjiaHCKaro TaKOBo: 

^bbothqB MarHHTHSM'B. npeACTaBjeHHEifi Bl HCTOpnqeCKOM'B, 
npaKTHqecKOMx h eeopeTH^ecKOMi coAepaKaHiH. HepBHa ab* 
MacTH nepeBejieHH bbb niiiei^Karo coHHeeHia npo^eccopa EAyie, 
a TpeTiio co^HHHJi'B ^aHBJio BejuancKifi. .. (sBaHia ero) CIIB.; 
1818, 8^ Cip. TBT + nocB.-*-VIII + 404-H6 HenyM. (orjiaB^ieHie 
co;^epjKaHia — 5V2 h oneiaTRB V2 cxp.). OpBraHaJtHuft xpyji'B 
BejiJiaBCKaro, III nacTB „0eopia asHBOXHaro MarHBXBswa" ^) bi 
4 orjvbjiax'h BaoHMaexx cxp. 291 — 404. 

Co^BHeeie nocBameno naiiaxH Anxoea MecMepa. 

cojiepaiaBiH xpy^a Moatexi ^axb noHaxie CJI%;^yH)I^ift 
KpaxEifi o^epKB. 



>) y KoAyOoecKaio (McT. hob. (j[)hji. HoepBera— FeflHue, cip. o34), Bch- 
tepoea (CJiOBapb, V, CTp. 221) H j KoAfonanoea (Biorpa({)ifl A. H. KomejeBa, I 
2, CTp. 298) oniH6oHHo: MarHeTii3Bia. 



— 9 — 
''lacnvb nepean (cxp. 1 — 160)* 
HcTopia atHBOTHaro MarHHTHSMa. 

OTA'bjieme nepeoe noKasuBaext CJiiflH atHBOXHaro MarHw- 
THSAia Bt ApeBHia eme BpeMeea, KOiMa vJKpei^u xpaHHJH oHHfi 
B^ xafint, H ynoxpefijiflJiH jiJia npe;i;B03BiinaHia btb xpaMaxt 
opaKyjOBx. Bx Asia h EBponi Jii^HJiH H3;ipeBJie fiojiisHH npn- 
KOCHOBeHieM'B Kx cxpaffiAymefl nacTH h noxapaHieMx Bcero xijia 
6o;iBHiiix%. Bx HaiUH BpeMeua ;khboxhki3 MarnnxHBM'L oxRpsix'B 
jiOKxopoMi MecMepoMi. Fohmmx 6y;iyqH bx FepMaHiH, MecMepx 
Cb aKHBOXHHMx cBOHMx MarHHXH3M0Mii nepecejiflexcfl bo $paHi^iK), 
HSJiaraex^ rjiaBHHa ocHOBaEia cBoeS cHCxeMH, noKasHBaext y;iH- 
BHxejibHHe ycnixH MarHHXHaro Ji'feqeHia, ocxaBjaext IlapHai^x, 
yHpeffl;iiaexi o6in,ecxBO %apMOHiu^ vxi, oxEptipaexi caoco6x OHaro 
JiineHia. Ho KopoaeBCKOMy noBej'fiHiK) HasHaqaexca KOMMHCcia 
MSi ii3Cj!i'b;(0BaHia a^HBOxearo MaraHXHSMa. Heii;opa3yM']&Hie n 
npecxpacxie EOMMHCcapoBi ;i;'bjiaK)xi HecapaBe;(jinB£ifi jiohoci o 
atHBOXHOMx MarenxH3Mi. YnajOKt oearo bo BpeMa $paHi^y3CKoft 
peBOJK)i;iH. IloxoMt aBJiaexca oh-l bx FepMaHiH, FA'S h3Cji'6;ibi- 
Baroxi H oupe^iiMBoxt ero JiyquiBM'B oSpasoMx. 

Ox;^4JIeHie emopoe xpaKxyexi oaBjeHiaxii ^HBOxnaro Mar- 

HHTESMa, OXHOCQXeJIbHO B'B MaFHHXBSepy H MarHHXHSHpyeMOMy 

SoiLHOMy. MarHHXHoe cocxoaHie y fioiibHHX'B OKasiiBaexca pas- 
JiHUHUMH aBjueeiaMH, Boxopua RacaxejibHO HSM'J^Henia ^yBCXB^ h 
lymeBeHxi cnoco6HOCxe8 paBj^ijeHH ea viecmh cxeneeefi: 

Bx nepeoU cxeneHH BHiniBia HyBCxsa, 6yAy^H noMpaneHH, 
ocxaioxca en^e ;tificxBHxejibHHMH; h xasoBoe cocxoaeie HasBi- 
Baexca MaiuumuuMi SdrbnieMb. 

Bo emopoH cxeneaH HyBCXBeHHOCib oxtocxh aaxBopaexca, 
Tasi ?xo ^ejiOB'j^Bx qyBCXByen xojibEO ojisasaSinie npeAMexbi, h 



— 10 — 

sp'i^Hie jifkJLSieTcsi HenponsBOJibHUMi. CiK) creneHB eadUBaiOT'B 
MatuumuuMz noAycnoMZ. 

Bx mpemtetc cxeneHH BC'i> BH'&niHifl qyBCXBa saRpuTu, h 
^lejiOBiKt He HMieTT> cbhsh ct BHimnHMx MipoMx. Cia CTeneHb 
Ha3HBaeTCfl MatuumuuMz chomz. 

Bx Hemeepmoil cxenenH qejiOBittx cnHTi h ne ^yBCTByeT'B 
BHimHHXt npe^tMeioBt: ho npn tomi CoApcxByeTTb btt ceOi, sa- 
BHCHxi oxx CBoero MarHHXHsepa, ^ocpe;^cxBOM'B Koxoparo h3b4cx- 

HHM'B 06pa30MX OHl HyBCXByeXl, MEICJIHXl H JC'fcfiCXByeX'B. Cifl 

cxeneHB HManyexca cuoOdrbmeMz (somnambulisraus). 

Bt> nsmotl cxeneHH 6oJiLHBifi bhahxi flBCXBenno BnyxpeHHee 
cocxoflHie CBoero x'i^jia, nosHaexir Ka^ecxBO h xe^enie CBoett 6o* 
jiisHH, B onpeA^Jiflerb ;i^ficxBHxejiBH^fiinia cpe^cxBa npoxHBi. 
OHOtt. Cifl cxeneHB nasuBaexcfl Ma^HumHUM^ npoeoaaprmieMz 
(clairvoyance). 

B% tueemoU cxeneHH . 6ojibhhh Bcxynaexi bx BBicmee coe- 
;iHHeHie co Bceo6infijo npnpoAOK), r^i ohi bhahxt> acho Bci. npo- 
ncmecxifl, RaKi bGjhsh, xanx h B^ajin; h noHflxie ero ne orpa- 
HH^HBaexca hh bi npocxpancxBi, hh bo BpeMenn. TaKOBoe co- 
cxoflnie naBBiBaexcfl MaiuumnuMz npocerhmAfbuieMz, xasse bs- 
cxynjenieMi hjih BBixosA^HieMi H8^ xijiecHofi c(|>epH (exstasis 
vel desorganisatio). 

Vacmh emopoH (exp. 161 — 290). 
JIpaRXH^ecKoe noKaBanie ^HBOxaaro MarnHXHSMa. 

OxjiijieHie I xpaKxyeix o Ra^ecxBaxi MarnnxHsepa, ox;!*- 
jienie II— o MarHnxnuxx ^tiffcxBOBaBiflxi, Roxopsia fiueaioxx 
npocxBifl n cjio^Hu^. 1. npocxoe A'&ficxBOBanie 6QWh py4H£ix% 



— 11 — 

npieMOB^ ecTb .lyHOBeHie, npHCTajibHEifi BsrjiaAi, h MticjretfBtoe 
ycTpeMjeme ea (SojibHaro. SaxtM^ pa3CMaTpBBaH)TCfl pasHSie 
pyqHue npieikiH, KacaTejibHO nojiomeaifl pysi MarHBTHsepa, a 
npHEOCHOBema ohumh b^ 6ojiibHOMy, cnoco6u jnoTpedjeHia iia- 
HBnyjfjaiiiB h ApyrHXi ji^iBcTBOBasifi npa MarHHTBOMi> jii^eHiH, 
H npe;iJiaraiOTca npasTuqecsifl npasHJia n ocxopo^HOCTH npn 
MarHHTfiOMi jii^eHin MaHHuyjifli^iflMQ. 2. CjOKHoe jtificTBOBanie 
cocTOHTx HS'B cpcACTB'B, yciijr0BaH)in,Hxi TOiiBBO sHBOTHufi Mar- 
HQTHSM'B, saBOBHfl cyTb! npoBOAHHB'L, yejcBHBTejib, ejiesxpH- 
qecTBO, sepBajio s Mysbrsa. Ben^H, saMiiHfliom;!^ MarHBT03|ipo- 
BaHie, cyxb: MarHBTHsapoBaHHoe cxeKJio, MarHHXHaa 6axxapefl h 
.MarHHXBBHpoBaHHoe ;^epeBO. 

Oxjiijieeie III coo6maex'L o cjiyqaax'b h (Soji'fiseaxx, bi 
soTopnxi ^QBOXBEift MarHiiXH3Mi> ynoxpe6jiflexcfl ci nojib30H>. 

^acmb mpenihH, npBeaAJiejKamaa caMOMy BejuiaHCKOMy, ecxb 
OeopiH Q/cueomnato MawumusMa (cxp. 291 — 404). 

Oaa xpaKxyexi bo I) o cymecxBenHOMi ejinecxBi npn- 
poiiu 60 BC^xx pasjH^Hbixx BHj^ax'b ea o6pa30BaHifl, Bax'i^Mx bo 
II) BHifflHHX'B qyBcxBaxi, KOxopHfl cyxb HSBicxHua Ka^iecxBa 
o6maro Mipa, npeACxaBJienHHa bx opraHH^iecKOMX BHj^i. BHiin- 
HExx qyBCXBX naxoAHxca cxojibKO, CKOJibKo rjaBHHxx 9JieMeHX0B'B 
bT) oCmeMx Mipi. SeMJi'fe, KaKx xBep^iofl Maxepin, cooxB^xcxBy- 
exi* ocasanie; ki B0J^'6 oxHOCHxca co6cxBeHHO BKyci; a kx 
B03;iyxy oCoHaflie. Sp^Hie h cJiyxx cyxb BHcmaro sHa^ema. ar 
paBHOKaqecxBeHHu eeapy, EaKX otfmeMy ajreMenxy BcejieHHHa. 
Bx 3aKJiK)qeHie roBopexca o ;i4ficxBiH nyBCXBi 

III ox^iijieHie saKJiio^aexx bx ceCfe H3Jio»eHie RepBHofr 
CHCxeMH, HM-ijomefl Buco«iaBfflee SHa^enie bx opraHHSM*, koto- 
paro Bct qacxH cyxb ho hxo HHoe, KaKx nepBBiaa CHCxewa bx 
paaaHnHOMx ea Qpeo6pa30B£|,Bi]3r IV-e xpaBiTyexx o MarHHXHEix^- 



— 12 — 

ABJieHiflX'B^ EOTOpUfl BC^ npOHCXO^^flTX OT'B HSM^HeHlfl HepBHOtt 

'CacTeMu wh pasjHqHux'B efl o6jiacTiixi>. Bji'^Hie h coh'b cvtb 
HaTypajBHUfl cocTOflHia ;KHBOTHaro opraflHSMa^ saBHCfliAiA OT'B 
o?epe;^Haro nepesica rojoeu h 6pK)xa. MarHHTHufi coh'b 3a- 
BHCHTi OTt TaKOro HSMineHia HepsHofi cncxeMH, Bor^a co6ct- 
BeHHaa ;^^jiTej[BHOCTB oahoS ea o6j[acTH nepexo;];nT'B bii ;(pyryK), 
npoTHBHyH) ^). SaT'^M'B ;i;aeTCfl HsxAcneHie aiHBOTHaro iiarHHTHSMa, 
no cpaBHeHiH) oearo ci MarHHTHiiMH ABjeHiflMa bx Hceji']&3']^. 
PasjiKqHHfl cTeneHH n bh^ih msBOTHaro MarHHTHsiia ochobbibr- 
lOTCfl Ha MeHbrneMx hjih CojiBiueM^ HBM'i^HeHiH nepBHoS CHCTeMEi 
Bi) co6cTBeHHOMx Ba^ocTB^ KSLmjioH efl o6jiacTn. 

CpaBHHBafl ^nepeBO^t'B" BejijraHCBaro ci ho^ijihhhhbomx 
Kjiyre, mh Haxo^^HMx, qxo BejrjiaHCBifi A^Jiajn BecBMa sna^H- 
TejBHUfl coBpaiAeHifl, fijiaroAapa neny 511 CTp. Me^Raro HtMeu- 
Baro mpH^Ta yM^cinJiHCB Ha 290 cxp. pasroHncToS n BpynnoS 
pyccBofi ne^aTH. ^pesBH^afiHafl ;io6pocoBtcTHOCTb BejiJiaHCEaro 
^o6y;^HJIa ero BBicxaBHTB HaxHxy-ii KHnra, qxo 2 ^acxn „nepe- 
Be;i;eHBi", xo^;^a Kasx axocBopie caMocxoaxejiBHoe HSJioateHie ua 
ocHoeauiu co^HHenia Kjyre. Tasi npeat^e Bcero onymena Henys- 
naa m^ pyccRaro qHxaxeja rpoMa^Haa JiHxepaxypa, 3aHHMaK)iiiafl 
no V2 cxp. 000:1*1 BaxAaro § noAJinHHSBa. He ocxaBjieno caMoe 
pasA^^eHie na §§, BBi6ponieHu ^acxBia h 6ojiBinia i^nxaxH hsx 
ninjijepa, IIIeBcniapa h ^pyrnxx noaxoBx n x. h.; caMBifi „ne- 
peBo;ii" Ha^HHaexca ex 13 § ^o;^J^HHHHBa. 312 cxp. I qacxn 
saHHMaroxi. no pyccBH 160 cxp., alln. 315 — 511 cooxnixcxBy- 
K)xi cxp. 161 — 290, X. e. 196 cxp. — 129 cxp. BBiCporaeH-B 
.o6mHpHHd yBasaxejEB nneHx h npexMexoBx. CaMEie §§ HSJiara- 
H)xca qacxBH) coBpan^eHHO. 



^) HiHBOTHUH MarHHTHSHl CO BCtHH erO ABJieHiflMH SaiUHDHaCTCfl Bit no- 

A/ipnoMo coAepncaHin HepefloM CHCieMu, KOTopaa KaKB bb aeHTpajibHon, xaEi n 
BB oKpyxHOH en oojiaciH aaxoAHTCfl nojiOHCHTejibHOK), OTpHi^aieJibHOiD h cpeABeH). 
lIoceHy eeopeTHHecKoe noHHTie aciiBOTHaro HarHHTHama saBHCHTi on noanaHifl 
cymHOCTH HepBHoS cHCTeMU H DOJiflpHaro coAepacania ohoh bi HarypajibHOMi  
•OoJL^inenEowb efl cocTOflHin (cTp. 348). 



KHHra BejJiaHCBaro yAOCToaJiacb coHyBcxBeHHBixx otsbibobx 
H B7. Poccin, H 3a rpaHQii;efl. TaB'L bi sypeajii „EjiaroHaMtpeH- 
Bui^, vi3ji,SkBa,euoiiL'b A. HsMatiAoeuMz, 3a 1818 r. ^. lY, 0BTfl6pB, 
X, cip. 116 — 118, HsBiCTia o hobbxx pyccKHXx KHHraxx, noa- 
BHjacB pei^eHsia, no;^nHcaHHaa: j^pi, Srbx Fbpbi (il. FoBopo- 
BUMx), Bi BOTopofi CKasaHo: 

SSinBOTEUii MarHHTHSMx no Bce8 capaBe;^iHBOCTn 3aHHMaerL 
TenepB nepBoe m^cto cpe^H OTRpEiiifi na nojbsy cxpasAymaro 
HejiOB'^^ecTBa. Mo»cho npnsHaTL uydecuuMZ, fl,aLSie Sootcecmeeu^ 
HUMz TO cpe;^CTBO, noMomJH) KOToparo ofijier^aiOTca h BpaqyioTca 
ynopHua n ssecTOBia xpouuHecKtH^ oco6j[nBO uepenuH 6ojiisEiii. 
Becb y^eeufi iiipx npeHcnojiHeH'B cjaBH o Heiix! CxpaAajimH, 
BcnuTaB'B 663^ BcaBofi nojibsu HeHC^epnaeMuS sanaci a^Actbh- 
TejiBHi^fimnxx Bpa^eCHHXx cpe;^CTB'B, cnimsLTh HafixH Bonei^'E cbo^ 
HMt MysaMx B^ ceMi HenocTH3KHMOM'B aBJieniH ^pHpo;^H! ^iftcT- 
Bifl MarHHT03Ma qepesx eeocnopHMBie onEiTu, mo^sho CBa- 
3aTs, ncnoABOJib pacBpHBaiOT'B TafiHua npyisHHU Hameft AyxoBHOfi 
HaTypu. 

IlepeBOA^HSx H BynHo ABiopi cefi BHerfir P. Bejuian- 
CKi8, HM'J^a HeyTOMHMyK) pesHOCTL no BBeAeHiH) bi C(|)epy Bpa- 
HeSenxi HayK'B Ba:EH']k8mnx'B otrpbitIS jim noJTbSEi cbohxi co- 
0Te4ecTBeHHHK0Bi>, npHHajx na ce6a xpy^jx nepeBecTH jiynmee 
coMHenie Meat^y MHornMH o ceMi npeiMeii h nonojiHHTb OHoe 

COfiCTBeHHHM'B CBOHAfB rJ[y60R0M£ICJ[eHH£IMX TeopeTB^eCRHMl BC- 



— 14 — 

TOJiKOBaflieM'B. 3to jiaeTi AsTopy HeocnopaMoe npaBO Ha nojiHyK) 
djiarowpHOCTb KaKx Bpa^efi, laKt h BcaKaro jiiofionHTHaro ^) 

Bi cneii;iajibHOM'L ^Kypnaji „Archiv fflr den thierischen 
Magnetimus", Halle, sa 1819 ^o;^'B, Band V, Drittes Sttlck, 
CTp. 129 — 135, noflBHJiacb pei^eHsia J. F. Weisse, o KOTopofi 
6HJia yate y HacT> pt^b (t. II, cxp. 86). Beficce cooCmaeiT) 
Bj^ifecb Ha CTp. 130 — 131 6iorpa(|)HiiecKia CBiA^nia o BeJi.iaH- 
CKOM'B (;^o6HTHa OTX o;iHoro HB'b yqeHHKOBi ero, Dr. Spasski— 
CnaccKaro); cip. 131 — 133 osnaKOMJiaroT'B qHTaTe.iia c^ cojep- 
acaHicMX coHHHeHia, rjiaBHUMt oCpasoMi., TeopeTHnecKofi (opHrn- 
HajibHofl) ^acTH, a cxp. 133 — 135 co^^epajaT'b m^e nepeBO^x 
nanajia TOft me TeopeTH^ecKofi qacTH. Beficce oTMtvaer'b TicHvio 
CBaBb HayHHHXT) yfiimjieHifi BejuiancKaro ct y^eHiaMH pa3.iHHHHxi. 
coBpeMeHHHX'b HiMeDtKHxi yqeHMXi. TaRt, TpaKTya o6i> edun- 
cmerb npapoiH (cooTB^TCTBie TpoflcTBeHHOCTH pacTenifi, jkhbot- 
Hfiixx H qejOBiKa: Bt oco6eHHOMx opraHHSMi, — pe^po;^yK^iH, 
HppHTadejibHOCTH H ceHCB^HJibHOCTB; TO, ^Tb B'B opraHH^ecRod nps- 
poA'i^ o6oco6j!eHO, b^ mhrporocm*]^ naxoAHTca bm^ct^, ho bi» cbobxi 
oco6eflHHX'b o6jiacTaxx — bi hojocth 6pH)xa, rpy;[H ji tojiobu; 
Ta »e TpoficTBeHHOCTb Bi ^HSH^ecRHxi npoi^eccaxi — MarnHTHSMt, 

aJieRTpH^eCTBi H XHMHSMi H Bl TpCXX 8JieMeHTaXT> HJiaHeTH — 

BOMJii, Bos^iyxi h boa*), BeJuiaHCRifl CJiiiyeTx H^eaMx OKcna: 
npH HBCJitAOBaHiH ranrjiieBoS cHCTeMU npnHaTU MH'j^Hia PettM', 
cpaBHenie aBJienifi a&HBOTHaro MarHiiTHSMa Cb anjieHiaMH bx se- 
jiisi npoBe;[eHO no Eschenmayer'y; o ^ynii BeJuancRifl BHCRa- 
SBiBaeTi BBFJiaAbi Stahl'a, a TaRse npH;i;ep»:HBaeTCfl h ochxojio* 
raqecRHX'b Bosspinifl SraeHMafiepa. Ha CTp. 121 Beftcce saMi- 
TOeTx: ^JI^ocTaTOHHO y^HBHTejbHO (auffallend), ^to bx Poccin 
MoryTX nocji'&AOBaTB (nachdenken) nliMeaRofi ^isjioco^m eoBifi- 



») CTp. 117. 



— 15 — 

maro speMeHEi, Tor;^a reki aHrjLH^aee h ({)paHi;y3H, ^i^a^se cana 
HiM^H ea He noHHMaioT'B*'. 

TpyA'b BejijaHCKaro 6sijix oi;4Hee% h pyccKOio nyfijiHKOK), 
soTopafl pacKynBJia ero. 

Ho 3aHflTifl BeJiJiaHCRaro bb odJiacTH JSHBOTHaro MarHHxusMa 
BTHMt He oKOH^HJiHCb. ^epesx MHoro jrhTT*, K0vji2i OHi yate 6ujii> 
cjiinx H Bx OTCTaBK'b, emy eme past apaniJiocb nopa6oTaTb 
Ha;^^ liMX a:e npe^MeTOMi h npHTOMx ;^aJKe bi Sojiie o6fflHp- 
BBxi pasMipaxT*. Bot-b BaicL 8to 6hjio, no pascKaay 6iorpa(|)a 
BejuancKaro, S. H. Poaanoea ^): 

OjiHaaj^u yTpoMi npn MHi roBopaT-L BeJuancKOMy, qio kto 
TO HesnaBOMafi, Ha3HBaH)]iii3 ce6a RHeronpojiaBi^eMT), npnoiejix 
HsejiaeT'B ero BHjiiTb. To 6hjix loproBei^x RHnraMH, ,3Ce6eAeez, 
BM'iBniifi jaBBy na EojBinofi CajiOBoS yjHi^'6. BoHljisl, oht. cnpo- 
CMx Jl^aHiHJia MBxaajOBH^a, He npoMCTi. jih ohx eMy naBcerjia 
Bi coocTBeHHOCTb CBofl nepeBo;ix coHHHenia KAyte, Hs^rania 
1817 r.: ffiaBOTHuS MarHHTHSMi. Ohx, vJEefiejiesi, totob'e aanjia- 
THTb eny 6000 py6. ace. 9tok) RHHrofi MHorie HHTepecyiOTCfl, 
cnpamHBaioT'L, ^sejiaa BynHTB ee; a dBseMnjapoBx 6oj[^e h^ti 
Bi npo^aai. He tobx SKeSejieBy oROHTOiejiBHaro oxBiia, Be-i- 
jaBCRifi CRasaJii, hto no^iyMaexx h j^acxx hotom'b eMy SHaxB. H 
BOTB ;^yMaa AOJiro, ohx ocxaeoBHJica Ha CJiijiyroineMx coo6paH?e- 
flin^ Hxo ynenie o ^iibothom'b MarHHT08Ml> co BpeneHH HSjiaHia 
KHHrn Kjiyre c^iJiaJO ycaixa; ch xixi nopx saMi^eeo MHoro 
aBJieHifi coBepmeHHO qoBHXi. He Jiyqrae jh, jtyMajx c.iinei^x, 
Ha CBo6o;i'fe oxx cjiyat6Bi nepecMOxpixB h ^iohojihhxb nepeBo;ix; 
a ifo^sexx 6BIXB, upujieTCst hsbc&hhxb h Toopiu). Jt^^nOy xaBi o6- 
cy«;^eHHoe, HanaJocB. SReBB, upo^Jis, iiyjBy bi cjiyxx BecB nepe- 
Bo;^i BHHrH Rjiyre. CoHHHeHie ORasajiocB cjehhirom'b y»e oxcxa- 



*) PyccKii BtcTHTOi 3a 1867 r. t. 72-ft, cip. 114. PosanoBt cm. II t. 
Hamero coHHHeHia, cip. 243—253. 



— 16 — 

JHMX OT'B COBpeMeHHOfi HayBH. ^TO JUijiSLThl BeMaHCKifi Hsfipjux 

€664, AJifl pyKOBO;^CTBa at saHUMaBmeMi ero npe^npiaTiH, co9h- 
Henie npo^eccopa leHCKaro ynHBepcHTexa Eusepa, xejiJiy- 
pnsM^, H nocoB'i^TOBaBinHCL cb ^Reeofi, B-b CHJiaxi jth oea uHcaib 
noAi ero AHKTOBKy, npHCTynnjii kx pafioxi ^). 

Kieser JtHipHX'B Feoprx po;iHJica bx Harburg (FaHHO- 
Bepx) 24 aBr. 1779 r. Ho OKOHqaHia Kypca bi raMHasin bi 
Lflneburg ohtb HsynaJi'B Me;tHii;HHy bx rgxTHHrefli b Bropi^Oypri, 
TA* Bx 1804 r. nojiyqajix cxeneHB ;iOKTopa no samnxi ^ccep- 
xai^iH De anamorphosi oculi ^). Uoxomx Sbijix BpaqeMx bt> 
raHHOBepcKOMx ^opo;^K4 Winsen a. d. Luhe, a bx 1806 ne- 
pe6pa;rca bx Northeim, vjifb h npo6HJix w 1812 r., HCnojHaa 
06a3aHH0CXH ropo;^CKoro (|)H3HKa. Bx 1812 r. ohx noJiyqHii 
BKCxpaopjiHEaiypy bx lewh. 3a axo BpeMa ohx oayfija- 
KOBajix Aphorismen aus der Physiologic der Pflanzen, 1808, 
tFeber die Natar, Ursachen, Kennzeichen und Heilung des 
schwarzen Staars 1810 (Harpaa:;i;eHHyK) o6mecxBOMX aMCxepwM- 
CKHxx Bpanefi) , Ursrung des Darmcanals aus der vesicula um- 
bilicalis, dargestellt im menschlichen Embryo 1810, Entwurf 
einer Geschichte und Beschreibung der Badeanstalt bei Nort- 
heim, 1810, H trber die Metamorphose des Auges etc, Elemente 
der Phytonomie, I, Jena, 1815. Ein,e Shjih H3;^aBaeMH hmx BM^cx'fe 
ex OKenoMx Beitrage zur vergleichenden ^oologie, Anatomie h 
Physiologic, KoxopHxx noasHjiocb 2 xexpa^a. Bx 1812 r. noaBHJiHCB 
ero Grundzlige der Pathologic und Therapie des Menschen n Me- 
moire sur Torganisation desplantes, yBieqaHHHft Teyler'oBHMX 
o6mecxBOMX BX FapjiCMi. 9xo ate co^aecHic BEimjio no niMci^KH 
BX 1815 r. noAx sarjraBicMX Qrundztige zur Anatomie der 



') Cip. 115. 

2) Ha HtMeuKOMi fl3UK"fe nofli sarjiaBieMi tJber die Metamorphose des TMer- 
auges BX 0(j[)TaJbn[OJiornHecKOH OHOJioTeKt Himly n IIlMHJiTa sa 1804 r. t. II, 
CTp. 73. 



— 17 — 

Pflanzen. Ha ocHOBaDia axaxx TpyjiOBX gmv npewarajia Ka- 
eeipu m rificen*! a bx XaphKoerb] bo otk.tohhb'b aia 
npewoatenia, KHsepi nocTvnn.Ti'B bt, leey 3KCTpaop;iHHapHHM'B 
npo({). o6mefl a Hacxeofl naiOJioria, npH^eMX npenojiaBajix eme 
HCTopiio Me;iHaHHH, H aHaTOMiH) CB (|)H3io;iorieK) pacieHifi. Sa'^cb 
OHi HBjiaji'B Uber das Wesen und die Bedeutung der Exan- 
theme 1813 h Vorbauungs— und Verhaltungsmassregeln bei 
ansteckenden Faulf-ieber-epidemien (no noBo;i:y pacnpocxpa- 
HaBfflaroca Tn4)a). Bx 1814 r. Knaepx npHMKnyjii kx BeBMap- 

CKHM'L BOflCKaMX EX COCTaB* KOHHarO OTpflJ[a CTy^ieHTOBT, BX 

E'aqecTBt BaxMHCipa n npa^a, smocAi 6aTBi>i npa BeJiB-AjibHHC^ 
nepenieji'L na npycCKyio cjyat6y, npaeaB-L na ce6a 3aB'Il;^UBaHie 
BoeeeHMH rocnaTajiaMH bx JIk)tthx4 u Bepca-ii, sa hto n no- 
JVHHJix HKHT) Ha^BopHaro coBiTHHKa. Bo3BpaTHBiiiHCi> Bx leny, 
OHx ex HOBHMX flvapoMx iipHHflJica sa pa6oTy; ohx BHnycTHJix lor^ia 
System der Medicin 1817-1819 r. bx 2 t., System des Tel- 
lurismus oder thierischen Magnetismus 1821, 1822 bx 2t., a 
BiiicT'fe ex BmeEMeflepoMx a Hacce cxajix BBjiaBaiF. Archivfiir 
den thierischen Magnetismus, Koxoparo ex 1817 — 1824 r. Biimjio 
12 TOMOBx; noTOMx BX 1825 — 1826 o^taHx yate Kaaepx H3;iajix 
2 TeipajiB Sphinx. Neues Archiv fur den thierischen Magne- 
tismus. Bx 1824 r. ohx c^^ijJiajica op^tanapHEiMX npo(|)eccopoMx, 
a BX 1828 r. TafinuMx HajiBopHUMX cOBixeaKOMX a qjieaoMx 
ceBaia; ex 1831 — 1848 rr. 6ujrx ;^e^yTaTOMX otx YHaBepcaTeTa 
Ha jiaHATari, a bx 1848 r., Kasx Bai^enpe3BjeeTx nocjiiAuaro, 
V'FacTBOBa.ix BX snaMeeHTOMX (|)panK(j)ypTCKOMX napjiaMeHTt. 
H lenepb eMy upaxo^ajiocb oiKJiOHaxb nparjiameaia bx 3pjiaH- 
reux, JlgBeax, Jfepnmz. 

Hapa;^y ex KaseeeoH) ejiy?K6oK) Kasepx Bejx (ex 1831) Haexeyio 
MejHi^BHeKO-xHpyprHHecKyH) EO(|)xaJbMiaTpHqecKyK) BJBHHKy. Bx 
1847 r. OHX saBeJix ce6t BwicxoHea ^acxnyio ncaxiaxpHHecRyK) 
KJHHHKy H nojiyqajix bx saBiAHBanie fiojibmoe BejHKorepnior- 
CKoe saBe^eHie ;iJia yiiajiBmeHHHxx; sa 3xo Bpena ohx nanacajix 



— 18 — 

7 nporpawKx; De febris puerperarum indole varia forma et medendi 
ratione, 1825 — 1829 Hj^ijiajit KJiHHHqecKiacooCmeHia BtpasJH^- 

HHXt MejlHI^HHCKHX'B ;KypHaJiaXX, SaxiMX BX HSJtaHHHX'L HMX Kli- 

nische Beitrage, 1834 r. h bi Diss, med.-pract. exhibens decennium 
clinicum in Acad. Jenensi inde ab anno 1831 ad annum 1841 
auspiciis Dr. Kieseri habitum, 1842, nojiT. npe;^c'feAaTejiBCTBOM'B 
Knaepa. B'i> JleouoJibjieecKofi aKa^eMiH, bi> Acta Koxopofi owh npn- 
HHMajii yqaCTie, ohi 6ujix c;i;ijiaH% a;^'BK)HKT0M'L, hotom'b Director 
Ephemeridum. Hocji'feAHee ero npoH3Be;ieHie Elemente der 
Psychiatrik 1855, h oxqeTH o AiaTejubHOCTH pyKOBo;iaMHXx hmi 
jiiOMOBx ;iJifl yMajLHmeHHHXT.— ;^Bi cxaiLH si Zeitschrift fur Psy- 
chiatrie sa 1855 h 1856 r. Bx 1858 r. ohx ciajix caMx npe- 
3H;i;eHT0M'b aKaieMin ea m^cto ynepmaro Nees von Esenbeck. 
KOToparo OHx aamnTHvi'B oti rposHBmaro eny cy;^e6earo CAiji- 
CTBia Bx co'iBHeniH: Zur Geschichte der K. K. Leop. — Kar. 
Acad, d Naturforscher. 8 iiOHa 1862 r. Ka^epi, OTupasAHOBa^ix 
50-TH jiiTHifi K)6HJiefl CBoefi npo<|)eccypH[; owl 6uji'h lorAa 
ceniopoMx ynHBepcHTeTa; 11 OKxaSpa Toro ate roAa ohtb yMepx. 

IIo xapaKTepy ohx 6hiJi% CTporifl qejiOBiBx ct nosajiKaMH 
BoeHHaro; na BOCi>MH;i;ecaTOM'B ro^y oti poAy oh-l 6hji'l eme 
BuojiHi s^opoB-L H ^vLm^ecKn^ IS. yMCTBCHHO. BtpHBifi CBoeMy ^e- 
BH3y Semper idem, tenax propositi, obx HeoTCTynno npecji^o- 
Bajix nocxaBJieHHiia ce6i n'kjiR is. bx eayK^, n bi> slesbvl. 

Hax ero coHnneHifi Momeo eme yKasaxt: Analecta ex me- 
dicina militari, Jena, 1828, Oratio de fructibus atque emolu- 
mentis in historia tum universali tum special! ex physiologia 
capessendis, Jena, 1829. 

Heiii HHcaJiH Martins, Acad. Denkreden, Leipzig, 1866, 
cxp. 500, Carus bx Verhandlungen der Leopoldinischen Aka- 
demie, tomx XXX, Leopoldina, Heft III h IV, Hirsch, Gesch. 
d. Augenheilk^ cxp. 486 h d., AUg. Med. Centr. — Zeit., 
1862, X2 86. 



— 19 — 

Ilocrfe OKeHa, roBopHTX AfirycTX Fupmz bx CBoefi Hcxopiii 
iHe;iHn;HHH ^), caMUMx saMiiaxejiLHKiMx cpeAHKpattHBX'fcnpe;tCTa- 
fiHxejieS HaTyp$HJioco<|)iH aBJiaeTca Kaaepx. Oit MHornxx cbohxI) 
ToeapamefinoyBJieieeiK) ohx 0TJiEHajicaA*ficTBHTe.iLH0K) yqeHOCTBio 
BHayqHHM'L AyxoMi. 9to cKasuBaexca bx ero Tpywxx no ncTopin 
pasBHTifl H aHaTOMia pacxeHifi, a laKate h no ncaxiaTpiH. Ero 
„A(|)opHCMH H3X (j)H3ioJioriH pacTCHifi" (1808) 6eijih Bt CBOe 
BpeMfl B'B fiojiBfflOM'B no^eii H nocjiyatHJiE ocHOBaeieMX ji;jia no3;^- 
HiBfflHXx HBCJitAOBaHifi no 8to8 nayKi, a bx rjiy6oKofi cxapocTH 
<;oqHHeHHHfl hmx ^BjieMenxBi ncnxiaxpHEpr" (1855), ne CMOxpa 

Ha CBOH) 8KCI^eHXpHHH0CXI, H HeCBOeBpCMeHHOCXb $OpMH {jlJiSi 

^noxH caMHxi xpesBHXt B[3CJI•i;^0BaHifi) 6hjih sawfeqaxejiBHHM'B 
aB-ieHieMf.. Menie 6jiaronpiaxHoe Bne^axj-feHie npoH3Bo^flX'B ero 
pa6oxH no npaKXH^ecKofi MeAHn;nHi, uanpaMipx, ero System 
der Medicin bx 2 xoMaxx 1817, 1819. Bx nefi, ncxo^ca hsx oCn^Hxx 
nojioateHifi Haxyp(|)HJioco$iH, ohx xoxijx BHBecxn hsx nocji'i;i;- 
HHXx o6n](ie BaKOHH ^h3hh h noKaBaxB 9xn saKOEH bx 6ojii3- 
Hflxx H Bx oxjiijiBHBixx npojiBJieHiflX'L Hxx; HO yienie o 6oJii3- 
Hflxx a Hxx iiijieBio cxajio no;^x ero pyKaaiH MHCXH(|>HKai^ieK) 
o6n;efi naxojioriH. Ero xeopia oCocnoBBiBaexcfl Ba xoSmhcjih, hxo 
•dojiisHB ecxB atHSHenHBifl pexporpaAHHB npon;eccx, pasBHBaro- 
m^ificii Bx 3;^opoBOMX opranaBMi; 6ojifeHB ecxB opraHHCMx 
HHsmift, HH3mifi noxoMy, ^xo ohx cxohxx na HH3mefl cxynenn 
jKHBOTHaro paBBHxifl. 9x0 noHHManie fioji^isHH, HanoMBHaioni^ee 
co6oK) ({)HJioco(|)iK) Qapai^ejiBca h ero uikojibi, 6hjio, BnponeMX, 
BBipaateHieMx oon^aro ^yxa HlejiJiHHroBoa niKOJiBr. IOmophcxh- 
^ecKoe cyaKAenie o6x 3to8 EnsepoBofi CBCxeMi npoHSHecx 
Bollinger: „3Ta CHCxena BHKyAa ne ro;i:Hxca h HHqero ne 
-cxbHTx; HO OHa caMaa Jiyqmaa hbx cymecxByromaxx, noxoMy 
HTO ;ipyro3 y nacx Htxx" ^). 



») Cip. 415. 
*) Cip. 416. 



— 20 — 

Bh6op'b coiHHeHia Kasepa Ma nepeBO^a h o6pa6oTKH 
HeJibSfl He npHSHaxs BecbMa yjia'iHHM'B. BejjiaHCKia h s^^tcb 
npoflBHJii CBoS oSh^hhS xaKTx Bx Bu6op'fe nojtxoAamnx'B khhf'b, 
y^OBieTBOpaiomHxx noTpe6HOCTH h HyatAaMX pyccKott ny6jiHKn. 
Boofime 9Ta CTopoea liqxeJibHOCTH BejuaecKaro, — pa6oTa 
HayqHO-nepeBOA^ecKaa, coBepraeHHO He H3CJ!i;^0BaHa; HHOcxpaH- 
HEie 6iorpa(|»£[ h sphthrh en^e npn ^rhshh ero yRa3£iBaJin Ha 
OAHO 8T0 yme o6cToaTej!LCTBO ex CojibinoK) noxBajiofi ^) — noMHMa 
ero ^HJioeo^csHxx opHrHHaJibHKix'L Tpy;(OBx. Kesepx ctoajix bx 
Kypci H AeHTpi ^lijia HsyHenia atHBOTHaro MarneTHBMa: era 
Tpy^x o6HHMaji'B codoH) Bci HOBOCTH DOCJii co^BHeHifl Ejyre, 
Bci HBBicTHHfl Tor^na aBJieflia MarneiHSMa h TepaneBTanecKoe 
npHM^Henie nxx. 

TeopeTHHecKyio qacxb BeJi.iaHCKifi OT^aciH yate npo^tyMarb 
paHie, JIB, OHa h Menie 3aTpy;iHflja ero. KacaTejibHO ero xpy^a 
H iiajibo'fefifflefi cyAB6bi ero pyKOQHCH opeAOCxaBHM'L cjiobo onaxb 
H. PosanoBy. 

nponiJio Bi 8X0MX xpy^i okojio IV2 r. TexpaAKH, nepe- 
HBxaHHua Bx CJiyxx, 6iiJi\i HcnpaBjeHBi xoHie no A^RxoBst 
cji'i^ni^a H nepenHcaHbi. PyROoiicb Bumjia HenajieHbEaa. Anxopx 
HasBaJit co^HHeHie, RaKx y Kasepa, TejiJiypHSMx. TeopexH'iecEyia 
qacTb (Kosepa) BejJiaHCKiS coBepmeHHO H3M']§Hnji'B,H0 cjiorx HOBaro 
coHnneiiia noKasaJica eMy xanxejH), ne xanofi, RaRHMx bx 1840 
roAy nncaJiH no pyccEH wa ne^axn, h ^aHinjix MnxaftjiOBHqx 

Ul^OAMTEEJl'L MH^, maK6 KaKh H CAyVlQAZ 610 MKl(,m OOu^H ^U' 

aioAOiiu ez 1828—1829 tody, nouuMaAz cucmeMy uamyph- 
^UAOCO^oeh u SHQAZ mepMUHOAOzm smoU iukoaUj aauHmhCH Ch 
uuMz: nepeuumamb u ucnpaeunih, idrb uyo/cnoy meHcmz. 9mo h 
oxomno ua ceffn npuuHAz u ucnoAuuAi^ paSamaa okoao S-mu 



^) Cm. II TOMT) cero coHnnenifl, cip. 233. Mu nojiroTOBJifleM'b oco6uh 
3TK)aT> o6t> aiOMi npeAMeTt. 



— 21 — 

MTbCHU, eMfbcmn C6 aemopoMZ ^). OHuutfiunaH ez CAOirb pyKonncB 
^HJia npeACxaBJieHa bx n;eH3ypHH8 KOMHieTx. Jl^ojiro ee pascMa- 
TpHsaJiH xaMX, HO ne^iaiaTL He jiosbo jlvljie, noioMy, KaKX 3a- 
oioHHJii KOMHTeTi), ^TO coKpoBeHHHS CMucjix co^HHeHifl Moacexx 
no^iaxb nOBOjix kx npeBpaTHOMy TOJKOBaHiio ocHOBaHifi xpHCTian- 
CKo8 pejurin. OTKasi Bt nponycK* co^HHeHia BOSMyTHJii Be.i- 
jancKaro. SHaJt oh^j qio a BcipiqarocB nnorjta bx ojihom'l 
sflaBOMOMt ;iOMi ex HnKOjaeMx Ge;^opoBHqeM'B ^pew^wojwa, 
Jiefifix-MeAHKOMx HMnepaiopa. Apen^Tx, ynacB bx C.-TIeTepS. 
aKa^eMiH, Ghjix Bcer;i;a oco6eHHO BHHMaxejieHx kx neMy. CaineAX 
npocHJi'L MeHfl nepe^aTB ApeH;^Ty, no^eMy n;eH3ypa OTKasajia 
Bx oj[o6peHiH Kx HaneqaxaHiK) coTrHHenia, h cnpocHXL, qxo noco- 
BixHBajix 6h ohx opeAnpHHaxb, qTo6H nojyHHTB paspimeme 
Ha neqaxaflie KHnrH. Bx Henpo;i;o;iJKHxejiBHOMx BpeMenn npe;;- 
cxaBHJica cjiyqafi axo hchojihutb. Bx nepnoe ate BOCKpecente y 
HBana BacHJibeBH^a Mapnoea a Baaty HnKOJiaa 0e;^opoBHqa. h 
sa o6i;iOMX, CH;ta BOSJi'fe Hero, nepe^aK) eny, o neMx npocHJix 
CJI4^e^x. „CKa»Hxe oxx MCHa ^aninjiy MnxafiJiOBHHy", oTsi- 
XHjix MH'b ApeHOTTf», „Mxo6x OHX ^pe;^cxaBHJIX pyKonncB npn 
HHCBMi rpa^y EenmudopgSy (xor^a me(J)y Kopn. maHMpMOBx), 
B npocHJx pacnopa;iHXBca, qxo6x ee pascMOxpijin 6e3npH- 
cxpacTHO. no3BOJiaTX, npHKaffltyxx naneqaxaxB. Tenept, nocji4 

HSJiiTCHia a?HB0XHHMX MarHeXH3M0MX HOJIVO 60JliBmHXX JKCHX 

^—na^ KHasfl Jl—ea h R — ea Ha 9xo aBJienie HsninHJica 
Bsrjrajix: bx MarnexHSM'fe HeBH;^axx Cojiie mapjiaTaHCKHXx cne- 
Kyjiai^ia H oCMana, a ^iifcxBaxejiBHO BpanefiHoe, CHJBHoe cpe^- 
CTBO BO MHoraxx cjiyqaaxx nepBHHXx npHnaj^KOBx; ;iaate aB- 
€Tpi8cKoe npaBHxeJibCXBO, — Bipoaxno, HHxaJiH bh bx rasexaxx, — 

paspifflHJTO J^qHXB 6OJILHHXX atHBOXHHXX MaFHeXHSMOMX, JlHfflS 



^) Cm, HHHce, CTp. 44 cBHAtTejibCTBO caworo IJejuiaHCKaro: «Hl>KOTopbie 
H3X oiJBmaxx cjiymaTejieH ({)H3ioJiorHqecKiixx Monxb jieKuiM bx AKaAeMin pas- 
<5MaTpHBajiH cocTaBJiennbifl mhoh) CTaibH n nocoOjiflJiH mh* iicnpaBjaib h npii- 
BOAHTb oHbifl BX Ha/iJeaiamiH nopflaoKX». 



90 

6u MarBeTBsnpoBaHie 6bijo npoH3Bo;];0MO Cb sii^^OMa bx npa^- 
cyTCTBiH OKpyatHoro Bpaqa" ^). 

BeJwaHCKift nocxynHJiL no coBiiy ApenjiTa h HanHcajit kx 
rpa4>y EeHROH^^op^y decbmo, cKasasx bx HeMi*, MesK^y npo^oMx^ 
^TO co^HHeeie „TejiJiK)pH3Mx" He tojibko ne ocjafijiaeTX oceo- 
Banift xpacxiaHCTBa, ho CKopie yTBepatAaeii CBameHHyfo HCTHHy 
pejnrin. IIhcbuo h pyEonncb nepejiaHEi mhok) Ha^aJibHHRy niTa6a 
Kopn. atan^japMOBX Jly6eAhmy^ h ot-b Hero ;iiO-io»eHH rpa(J)y Ben- 
Kenjiop^y, KOToptifi Bci 8th CyMarn npenpoBOAH-TB kx MHHHCTpy 
HapoAHaro npocBin^eHia Cepriio CeMeHOBH^y yeapoey. PyKonacB 

paSCMaxpHBaJIH BX OCOSOMX KOMHTeTt, COCTaBJeHHOMX H81» Ay- 

XOBHHXX H rpaffiAancKHXx JiHn;^, h6o hh t*, hh jiipyria, oTA^JbHO 
o^HH desx ;ipyrHXx, He npnHHMajin na ce6H pimaTs ;i^j[0, ;(a s 
BejiJiaHCKifi bx nactMi ex rpa$y BeHKeHJ^op$y npocHJix noi^- 
Beprnyib co^HHenie paBCMOTpiniio AyxoBHuxx aco6x, Koro CBa- 
Tififflifl CHHOj^x nasna^HTx. Bx KOMHTexi yqacxBOBaJiH SnpoTO- 
iepea neTep6yprcKnxx ^epKBefl, h laMx 6ujio nocTanoBJieHO* 
npej^jioa^HTb aBTopy, ne corjacnTcajiH ohx san'i^qeHHEia bx py- 
KOHHCHMicTa, npo$aHHpyH)mia, no hxx MHifliio, cBaTOCix qy- 
j^ecnaro BpaneBaHia, oahh HSMiHHTB, Apyria hckjuo^htb. Beji- 
jiancKifi corjiacHJica HcnojEHTb ipeSoBanie, HcapaBHJix saMtqen- 
HBia M'l&cia, H pyEOHHCB npejtCTaBH.ix bx i];eH3ypHufi EOMHTexx. 
O^HaKO, coHHHeme h nocjii cero ne 6hjI0 nponyn^eHO bx ne^aiB 

no He03BtCTHHMX UpHqHHaMX. 

Bx 1837 r. Be^jancKifi 6biix yBOJCHx otx npo^eccypH; 
BejBe^ ao cjiynaro hobhxx mxaTOBX ;^JIa aKa;ieMiH, pacnopa- 
AH.ica sasi^HHTh na Bci^xx Baee;^paxx sacjiysenHuxx npeno^a- 
BaTejefi mojioahmet, ^lofix ^axB xoax nocjii^nHMX. Ka4)ejipy 
BejijaHCKaro sanajx A. 11. 3aropcKifl; ho 6H6jiioTeKapeMX /I^a- 
hIhix M EixaS.iOBHHx eni;e ocxaBaJica, M^se 6bibx c^i^hlimx: bbt- 



») Gip. 116. 



— 23 — 

a:H,mJiH, He BOSCxaHOBHTca jh sptaie nocjii onepan,iH; 1847 ro^a 
Mapxa 15-ro BeJiJiaHCKiS yMep^. CMepib fijHataflme nocJi'fe;ioBajia 
OTx apoplexia plexus solari^), KaKx nojraraexi jiHyno CKasuBaBiniK 
mh4 aio n. ^. niunyAUuaci^j Ha6jrK);iaBmifi bx nocji'ijiHifi 
nepio^i'B HtH3HH 6ojibHoro BejiJiaHCKaro. Bx aio BpeMs a Shjix 
Gojient H ysHajix o KOHqHH'fe Jl^aHiHJia MHxafiJOBHqa OT'LEpa^a, 
KOTopafi no.atsoBajix MeHs, HaBJia HapeeHOBaqa 3a6AmKai0y 
npo^eccopa b'b aKa;i:eMiH. Ohl CKasajt mh* otomt, ocxopoatHo, 
3Haa, CKOJB npHBflsaHt a Shjix qyECTBOMT* ncKpeeearo jiyraeB- 
Haro yBaatenia Kt ^aeinjiy MnxaSjiOBHqy. 1847, 1848 h 1849 fi 
row npoBeJii) a sa rpaenueS. BosspaTHBniHCb OTTy;j;a, a ataj-B 
B'B MocKBi, H ;i;o 1855 ro;ia OHBajix bx UeTepfiyprt nafejiaMH. 
Bi 1856 HJiH 1857 ro;ty BCTpixHJica a bx HexepSypri ci 
jiOHepBK) DOKofiHOK), EKaxepHHOfi ^aHHJiOBHOH) Pkauukoio. Oea 
CKasajia mh*, ^xo Menbraaa cecxpa ea, AHHa ^aHHJiOBHa (7o«:o- 
Jiom^ ct MyateMX cbohmx bx IlexepSyprt h npnrjiacHJia MeHa, 
ecjiH a atejaK) BHj^txbca ex AhhoS ^anHJiOBHOK). Bx HasHaneH- 
Hoe Bpena 6hjix a y EKaxepHHH ^aeHJOBHu. Ilpitxajia h cecxpa 
ea. Oxx nocjiijieefl ysnajix a, ^xo hh ea, hh Myasa ne 6h;io bx 
Uexepfiypri, Korna oxei^x h MaxB BejjiaHCKie yMepje. Cokojiobh 
atOH xor;ia bx EypcKi, r;i4 AH;i;pefl $HJfHnnoBHqx cjiymnjix 
KopnycHHMx mxaSx-^ioKxopoMx. CnpaniHBaJix a AHHy ^anajioBHy 
6yMaraxx uocjii oxii,a h o pyKonnca TejrjiypHSMx. Ona CKa- 
3ajra, qxo ckojbko hh AOMorajracb yseaxb o pyKonncH oxx 
cecxpw H orx Myata ea, ne nojiy^Kjia acnaro, onpejitjieHHaro 
CBijBtiHia, HO yB^peHa, hxo pyKonncb i^ijia h r^'fe-HHCyj^b xpa- 

HHXCa. 

Upomjio nocjii axoro CBH^tania nicEOJibKO Jiixx. Y^KeyMepjiH 
o6a 3axa BejuancKaro. Cokojiobx h PsjiHi^Kifi; yMepjia h MJiaAinaa 
ero ;[oqB, aseHa CoKOJOBa. Bx atHBuxx (bx 1867 r.) noKa ocxa- 



») Cip. 117 



— 24 — 

H)Tca jio^h CTapmaff, Biosa EaaTepHHa ^aHooBna PKJiHn,Kafl, e 
CHHX ea, cjiyajaai,ifi bi neiepSypri bx CeHaii. Bx 1865 rojy 

MA'S HaA06H0 6bIJI0 BHitiXBCa CT> EKaiepHHOB Jl^aHHJIOBHOfl. fl 

OTHCKaJi'B ee h otx Hea cjiainaji'B, qTO aKseMnjiapx pyKonHCH 
TeJiJiypHSMT, nepeiiapaHHHfi omoMT>, no 3aM'feqaHiflMT> jiyxoBHHxx 
jinu.'hj pascMaTpHBaBrnHx-L coqaneBie, — njijix, h oaa xpaflHxx 
OHBifi; a aKseMnjiapx, nepenHcaoHHa ex nepenpasjieBHaro Ha 
MHCTO H npe;^CTaBJieHeH3 bb i^ensypy, BiposTBo, ociajca bT) 
KOMHTeTi. ^To Kacaeicfl yneHuxx sanecoEx oma, to ifHoria 
Hsx BHX'jb noKofiflaa cecipa ea, CoKOJiOBa, nepejtajia jiiKapH) 
HuKumuny, CaSjiioTeKapK) MocKOBCKOfi MejiHEO-xapyprHHecKoS 
aKa;i;eMiH". 

Korja a H^cKOJibKO JiiTx TOMy Ha3aAi> Ha^HHajiB cne- 
uiajiBHO saHHMaxbca Be-iJiaBCKHMx, to, ecTecTBenHO, saaHTepeco- 
Bajca 9T0H) HeH3;iaBH0K) ero pyKonMCBio. Upemxe Bcero eajiJie- 
ajajo onpe^'fejiHTB ea MicTOBaxoatjienie. Mo/Kbo 6hjio, noHtajiyfl, 
onacaTLca, ne npooajia jeh ona, KaKT) npona;[;aeTi) y Hact Ha 
PycH MHOroe AOCToapHMiHaxejiBHoe — sa orcyTCTBieMx npacMOTpa, 
3a He;iocTaTKOM'B HETepeca ii 6epeasjiHBofi saCoTJiHBOCTH kx cia- 
pEHi. Oaho H3X HOBiflfflEXTB BBfiicTifi, 6iorpa4)HqecKifi oqepRx 
BejijiaHCKaro, noMimeHHufl bx 3Hi^HKJioneAKqecKOMx cjioBapt 
Bpomayaa^ h noj^oHcaHHtifi H. EropoBUMX ^), nojiaraexx 
MtcTOMX xpaneflia axoro Tpy^a 6H6jrioTeKy BoeHHO-Me;iHDiHHCKoa 
Aica^ieMiH. Ty ;i^e 6acHK) noBTopaeTx h B. K. bx „Kphthko- 
6iorpa(|)HHeeKOMx cjoBapi pyccKuxx nncaTejieS h yqenuxx, bh- 
xoAameM'B ^o;^^ pejaKuieK) C A, Bemepoea^ ^). IIpHHHMaflCB 
3a P03HCKH pyKonacH, a uesRjiy npo'iBMX ofipaxajica qepesi) 
yupaBJienie lOpBeBCKofl yHHBepcBTeTCKofl 6H6jiioTeKH bx Cadjiio- 
TeKy BoeBHO-MejUHUHHCKofi AKajieMia ex npocbfioio npncJiaxB bx 



^) CTp. 852. X-ro nojivTOMa. 

'-»; T. V, cip. 215-221, CM. cip. 220. 



— 25 — 

• 

^'fcJax'B 03HaEOMJieHia kb,k% 8ty, TaRt h Bci pyKonacH Beji- 
;iaHCKaro, RaBia xaMx ORa^byTCfl, mh^ ajia noJiBSOBaeifl emee bx 
noMimeHin CaCiiioTeKH. OceHbK) 1896 r. nocjri h'6ceojibkhx'b 
ificfli^eBx omHA^tHifl 6£ijix noJiy^eHL o^^Hi^ia^rBHufi otb'I^tx, 
yBtj^0MJIalOI^ifi, ^to npa AKa^eMin HHKaRHXx pyRonncefi Be.i- 
JiaHCKaro ne HMieica. SaeaMaacb jiiTOMX CJii^yiomaro 1897 
ro;^a (bo BpeMa y^eaoft ROwaH;^HpoBEH) bx pyKOnncHOM'B on'i- 
jeniH tTMnepaxopcRoft nyfijiHqnoft dnCjiioTeKH, a, Meatjiiy npo^HMX, 
iiojH)6on£iTCTBOBaji'B, H'j^Tx-jiH BaRHX'B-JiH6o pyBonHcefi BejiJiaH- 
CKaro Tyxx. TaKOBua ORasajiocB no cnacRy — h k% woefl pa;^0CTH 
TO 6ujn> EMeHHo po3EiCR0BaeMHt MHOio HeQSAafiHud Tpy;!;^ Beji- 
JiancKaro o asHBoiHOMx MarHHTHSMt. CBoefl HaxoAK* a no- 
BicTflj'B BecHOK) 1898 r. bx CBoeMx „KpaiiEOMx oxqeT* o sa- 
Haiiaxx bo BpeMa y^enofi KOMaHAHpoBEH 1897 r.", CTp. 2—3 
(boiujio bx ^YneHHa 3anecKH KaaancKaro YHaBepcHTeTa*' sa 
1898, 110 Jih — aBrycTx, VII — VIII, YHMBepcHTeTCRaa JiiTonacB, 
CTp. 18—19) '). 

DpejiCTaBJiK) TenepB BnljinHee onHcaHie pyKonnca, asaTiMx 
npHBeiy h'6ceojbro otphbkobx hsx nea. 



*) Cp. if TOMT) cero coHHHeHia, CTp.83. 



— 26 — 

OnneaHle pyKonHCH* 

PyKonncB Hens^^aHHaro npoHSBej^enia JI^. M. BejjancKara 
xpaHHTCfl Bx pyKonncHOMx OTii^reHiH HMnepaTopcKofi Tly6jivmEoi 
EnSjiioTeKH no;!;!* F. VI .IVs 14, tomh I h II in folio h 060- 
SHaqeHa, KaKi no;i;apoKX ff. H. Posauoea. 06a Tona nepen^e- 
TeHH; nepenjieTBi H^CKOJibKO noHCTJiijiH. Sarjiasie pyEonnca 
TaKOBo: 

MueomHuH MamumuaMz uau TeAAiopusMZ^ KaEt oSmaa 
MarHHTHaa CHJia seMjia (Tellus), jcificTByiomaa bx opraHHSui 
HejOBinecKOMx h bo Bcix-B asuBHX'B cymecTBaxx h fies^iiymnHXt 
BemecTBax-B. 

$H3iojrorH^ecKoe h BpanefiHoe coHHHCHie, BOsjiijiaHHoe no 
BipHifiniHM'B npaKTHiecKHM'B HadjiK);i;eHiaM'B h ocHOBaTe-ibniS- 
meMy leopeTH^ecKOMy nosHaHiio $H3HqecEaro a ncHxaqecsara 
Mipa, 

^aninjiOMi Be.oaHCfiHM'E, jcMcxBBTejKBBUMx CTaTcsBMS 
coB'i^THHBOM'B H EasaJiepoMX, ^OETopoM'B Me;a;Hi^iiHH B xHpypriH, 
AEa^eMBSOMx z no^eTHHMx qjeBOMi HMnepaxopcsod Me;(EKO' 
XHpyprH^ecEoS AEajeMin bx CaHETneTepfiypri. Jtfii nacTH, b's 
2 TOMaxx. ToMt I. (;^p. pyEofi) 1840. 

IlepBHfi TOMX coAepsHTX XVI cxp. npe;a;HCjiOBifl, 4 HenyM. 
ooaBJieHia h TCECxa 456 cip. Biopofi tomx cojiepatHTx 842 
cip. 3nHrpa$x ocTaBJieHt totx ate, ht5 h na npeaKHemx co^h- 
HeniM Ejiyre-BejiJiaHCEaro: II n'y a done qu'un profane, indigne 
d'approcher jamais du sanctuaire des sciences, qui puisse avoir 
d'autre motif d adoption ou de rejet. que la verite ou la fans- 
sete. Demangeon — dans la physiologie intellectuelle. 

UocsHv^aemcH JlrofinTejaMx (|)H3HHecEaro h ncHXH^ecEaro 
sHania, OTEpHBaromaro TaHHCTBeHHyio cymHOCTb j^ymeBHofi a 



— 27 — 

Tteeofi atHBHH ^eJiOBtKa, ^itBcTByiomea b& (Ja'^hih, paBHO- 
KawTBeHHOMX jtHeBHOMy CBiiy, H noKoromefica bo CHi, coo6- 

paSHOMl^ HO^HOfi Tbini. 

IlepenncaHO coHHeeeie na tojectoS nosejT'i&Bmefi 6yMart 
EpynHUMx nncapcBUMi no^epBOMx; ecTB acBJiio^eHia (no xpe- 
5oBaHiH) meHsypH?) h nonpaBKw Apyroro pyKOfl no nepe^epKHy- 
TOMy H no CBofijieHHOMy (pasypt); CTHJiHCTHqecKia nonpaBKH 
Bcero Han^e oKasHBaiOTca npocTuifB no;(HOBJ[[eHieMi> pe^enifi, 
KaKTo: T^Kow BM. TSiKoeaio, zdopoBhe BMicTO 3c>paBie, 9th bm. 
cii H T. ;a;.; ho h axo npoBejteno ne Be3;^i. 

Bi pysonncH, npeiHasna^aBmeficfl MSi Ha6opa n ne^axH, 
omejieHie ne HM'j^eT'B yRaBania na CTpanni^Ei caMoS pyRonncn. 
lIpHBOAHMoe orJiaBjeeie pysonncB cocxaBJieHO mhok) caMHSfB npe 
npocMOTp']^ e^ no crpaHHEiaMx. 



OrjiasjieBie coaepscaBia. 

HacTB nepsaii. 

OmdrbMuie nepeoe. 



HcTopin ^HBOTHaro MarBHTHSMa, na^epTaHHaji b:b ipex^ 
dnoxaxx ero npoHsmeciBiS. 



BBe;^eHie. 
§ 1— cip. 1. § 2—5. 

riepBafl anoxa. 

oKhBOTHUS MarHHTHBM'B ApeBHHXi BpeMeHi. 

§ 3—7. § 4—12. 

Biopafl anoxa. 

SReBOIEUH MarHBTH3M'B CpeAHHXX B^BOBX. 

§ 5—17. § 6—22, . 

TpeTbfl anoxa. 

.JEnBOTHBid MaruBTHSMx HOB^fimaro BpeneHH. 

§ 7—25. § 8—26. § 9—53. § 10—66. §11—72. 



— 29 — 
OmdfbMHie emopoe. 

rjaBRUfl nojEOseeifl o coAepsKaHie o6ii^aro iiipa, uocjiiA— 
CTfiie 031 oHEixx H oiipe^'l^jieHie mHBOTHaro MarHQiBSMa bi 
co5cTBeHHOM'b ero SHaqeHiia. 

§ 12—76. § 13—79. § 14—82. § 15—84. § 16—85. 
§17-86. §18—87. §19—89. §20—91. §21—93. 
§ 22- 94. 

OmdrbMuie mpemhe. 

06ll^ifl A'ittCTBifl SHBOTHO-MaPHHTHOfi CHJfH H npOBSBOAHMHfi 

^HOH) C0MHaM6yjiH3M'B Bi pasJUH^Hux'B ero BH;!i;ax'B. 

§ 23—97. §24—99. §25—103. §26—115. §27—117. 
128-120. § 29-127. § 30-144. § 31—148. 

! 
I 

I OmdihAenie uemeepmoe, 

paBJiH^Huxi MarHHTHEix'L BjiflHkxx Ha qejOB^HecKifi 
ipraBHsifB. 

§ 32—157. § 33—160. § 34—163. § 35—165. § 36 — 
167. § 37—168. 

Fjiasa nepBaa. 

06m}fi TeoiopHqecBifl cbju. 
§ 32—157. etc. § 37. 

FjraBa BTopaa. 

OcoCufl xejiJiopH^ecKiH cbjih. 
§ 38—170. 



30 



A. MarHHTHfcia noTeHAia ManepajibHOfi A'iflTOJBHOcxH, u 
MHHepajibBKiS uarHBTnsepii. 



 



§ 39—17], § 40—174. § 41-177. § 42—180. § 43- 
195. § 44—197. § 45—200. 

I 

CH;^epBqecKifl opy^ia, CHAepH^ecKifi CaKeix, paCAOMaHiia. 

§ 46—211. § 47—219. § 48—224. § 49—225. § 50-- 
230. § 51—233. § 52—236. 

B. MarHHTHua noTeHAiH pacxHTejihHBixx BemeciBi, hjh 
pacTHTCJiLHBifl MarHHTHsepx. 

§ 53—240. § 54—246. 

C. MarHHTHaa CHJia ^HBOTHaro opraHHSMa hjih shbothuS 
MarHHTHsepx. 

§ 55—248. § 56—251. § 57—252. § 58—2^8. 

ncHXHqecKia noieni^iH. 

§59— 263. §60— 267. §61—270. § 62— 274. §63-281. 

§ 64— 283. § 65—288, § 6b— 293. 

MexaHH^ecsia noxeHi^iii h KOJinqecxBeiifiaH cHjia sHBOiearo 
;^^3cxBia. 

§ 67—298. § 68-300. 

OmdihMuie nnmoe. 

CsoficxBa xejTjiopBqecsofi hjib MarHHXHod chjibi. 

§ 69—302. § 70—307. § 71—311. § 72—314. § 73— 
322. § 74— 325. § 75-329. § 76.-332. § 77—335. 



— 31 — 

OmdfhAeuie mecmoe. 
TexEHi^HSMX aiarHHTHaro jii^eHia, 

Fjuiea nepean. 
MarHHTBsnpoBaHie qejiOB'^EOM'B. 

CxaTta nepBaa. 
05iii;ia npaBHJia MarHETE3HpoBaHifl. 

§ 78—341. § 79—342. § 80—351. § 81-354, § 82— 
358. § 83—361. 

CiaTBa BTopaa. 
OcoCjiHBEia npHHaAJeacHOCTH MarHHTHaro Jiinema, npona- 

A. ncHXHqecKoe jiineBie. 
§ 84—363. § 85—366. 

B. OpraHHHecKoe Jiiqeme. 

Cnoco6x MaHnnyjopoBaeia hjih HaTHpania pyBaMH. 
§ 86—369. § 87—375. § 88—376. 

CxaTta TpeTba. 

A. IIpaBTaqecBia npasHJia npa o6iufiu% ^ejiohi^ecmwh 

HarHHTBBHpOBaHlH. 

§ 89—380. 

B. npasTHHecKia npaBajia npH ^acxHOMx nejiOBi^ecKOWh 

HarHHTHSHpOBaHiH. 

§ 90—393. 



1 

I 



— 32 — 

CiaTba HeTBepiaa. 

IIpodyatjieHle coMBau^yja. 
§ 91—398. 

CTaiBfl nfliafl. 

Oco6eHHHfl MaHHnyjianiiH, npoHSBO^aiDiia oco6jiHBoe co- 
CToanie bx 6oji!>homx. 

§ 92—401. § 93—411. 

r^aea emopan. 

MarHHTHoe jriqeaie nocpejtcxBOMX MHHepajOB'B. 
Jli^eHiecHAepHqecKHM'B CaKeTOM-B. 
§ 94—415. 

npaKTH^ecRifl npaB^jia iipn MarHEXHOM'L ji^HeHiu CH^epi- 
qecKHM-B CaKeiOM'B. 

§ 95—421. § 96—424. 

FAcma mpembA. 

BcuoMoraxejibHiifl cpeiiCTBa ex MarHSTHOMy Jii^ieHiio. 

§ 97—430, § 98—436. § 99—442. §* 100—446. 
§101—451. § 102—452. 



— 33 — 

MaCTJb BTOpaH. 

OmdrbMuie cedhMoe. 
Oco6ufl flBJienifl TejJiiopHqecRofi ;kh.^hh h C0MHaM()yjQ3Ma BOo6iae. 

B B e ;t e H i e. 

FjiaBa nepsafl. 
HaTvpaJibHHft COBX n flBJienifl onaro. 

§ 103— Cip. 1 (BToporo TOMa). § 104—2. § 105—5. 
§ 106—8. § 107—12. 

FjiaBa BTopaa. 
MAiocoMHaMdyjiiisM'L c^ ero flBJienijiMH. 

§ 108—15. § 109—18. § 110—20. §111—24. §112— 
30. §113—34. §114—38. §115-40. §116—42. §117—47. 
§ 118—51. § 119—54. § 120 --57. § 121—61. § 122—64. 
§ 123—70 § 124—80. § 125—81. § 126—82. § 127—84. 

FjaBa Tpeifca. 

CoMHaM6yj!H3MX, npoH3Be;^eHHHft HCKyccTBeHHO BO Bcixx 
ero cieneHflxi) h pasja^HHX'B ^opMaxx. 

§ 128—85. 

CxaTba nepBaa. 

06mee Teqenie coMnaMdyjHSMa h ciaAia oearo. 

§ 129—86. § 130—90. § 131—93. §132—97. §133— 
99. § 134—103. 

3 



— 34 — 

Cxarbji BTopaa. 
Hsjeeie coMBaM6yjiH3Ma bi pasjiuHHUXi ero ciaAiflxi. 

Ci'aAi}! uepBaa. 
§ 135—104, 105. 

CTa;iifl BTopaa. 

§ 136 — 114. § 137—120. § 138—123. § 139—128. 
§ 140-aro BOBce Htxi. § 141—133. § 142—137. § 143—140. 
§ 144—142. 

Cia^tia xpeiba. 

§ 145—145. § 146—148. § 147—157. § 148-159. 
§ 149—161. § 150—165. § 151—168. §152—177. §153— 
183. § 154—186. § 155—187. § 156—207. § 157-208. 
§ 158—210. § 159—212. § 160—216. §161—219. §162— 
225. § 163—228. § 164—233. § 165—235. § 166-239. 
§ 167—242. § 168—245. § 169—252. § 170—254. § 171— 
257. § 172—260. § 173—262. § 174—264. § 175—269. 

CiaTta TpcTba. 

CoBH'i&CTHoe o6o3p']^Bie rJiasnux't aajiefiiS coMaaM^yjitiiiMa 
BO BCJbxii CTaAiaxi u pasHBixi ero ^'opnax'b. 

§ 176—271. § 177—277. § 178—279. § 179—286. 

OmdrbAmie eocbjuoe. 

Teopia o6m,&TO h ceHCH6HJ[bHaro coMHaHfiyjTHSua. 
§ 180—291. 



— 35 — 
CTaiLfl nepeaff. 

m 

§ 181—295. § 182—297. § 18.3—302. § 184—305. 
§ 185—308. § 186—314. 

Cxaibfl BTopaa. 

HsjioxeHie couHaH^yjiHSHa bx HacTOfln^eMi ero SHaieHin. 

§ 187-317. § 188—320. § 189—323. § 190—326. 
§ 191—333. § 192—341. § 193—343. § 194—344, § 195— 
346. § 196—349. § 197—351. § 198—353. 

CiaTM xpeTba. 
Heo5uBHOBeHHoe rbjiecHoe ABHseeie, ^yBCTBeHHaa a'^tcjib- 

HOCTb H UUCAGHBiLa CnOCO^HOCTB Bl> COKB&iiCjJiaHeCROH-h co- 
CTOflHJH HeJIOBibBa. 

§ 199—355. § 200—361. § 201—370. § 202—376. 
§ 203—381. § 204—383. § 205—890. § 206 -397. § 207— 
401. § 208—406. § 209—409. § 210—413. 

CraThfl HCTBepTaa. 

MarniiTHoe ycunjienio i? npo5y3;iOHio, cy-Topom, rajJitoiiH- 
nai^in, coMHaM6yjiiiHecKoe iiscrynjieHio, Kara-ionTniecKoe OMepx- 
seiiie B BauDHpBSMi. 

§ 211—419. § 212-423. § 213—427. § 214—431. 
§ 215—437. § 216—441. § 217—446. § 218—450. §219— 
453. § 220—457. § 221-459. § 222—463. § 223—471. 
§ 224—474. 

3* 



— 36 — 

06ii^ee ^H3iojiorn^ecEoe noHATie o ^hbothomi> MarHHTHdM*!. 
§225—477. § 226—481. § 227—489. § 228—508. 

OmdrbAeuie deenmoe. 

Pai^ioHajiBHoe ji'b^eHie 6ojiiBEe1i asHBOTHUifB MarHHTHSMOMX. 
§ 229—527. § 230—530. 

JI'feqeHie, npoHSBOjiinHoe ci cocsiji.'bEieu'b BpaHyK>ii^aro. 

§ 231—533. § 232—536. § 233—538. § 234—545. 
§ 235—548. § 236—549. § 237—556. § 238—559. § 239— 
560. § 240—564. § 241—570. § 242—574. § 243—582. 
§ 244—587. § 245—589. 

OmdrbAeuie decnmoe. 

IIpaBHja, OTHOCfln^iflCfl bi ynoTpetfjeHiio jKHBOTnaro Mar- 
HHTHSMa npH ji'j^qeHiH 6ojii3Hefl. 

§ 246—594. § 247—596. § 248—600. § 249—603. 
§ 250—605. § 251—606. § 252—609. §253—611. §254- 
613. § 255—617. § 256—622. § 257—626. § 258—628. 
§ 259—631. 

OmdrbAeuie oduuuadmmoe. 

OnuTu H B'bpHBifl Ha6jiH)AeHifl Ha^i* Bpa^efinuMx j^ificxBieM's 
SHBOTHaro MarHHTHSMa npn jiineHiH ($oJi:&3Heff ex pasHHXi 
M'j&CTax'B Poccin. 

I 
J^iiCTBie SHBOTHaro MarHHiHSMa na^^B qeTBipna^i^aTH- 

JI^THBM'B OTpOKOMl H. JI., CTpaj^aBinUM'B 10 J'&T'B BOJIOTymHilME 
flSBaMH. 



— 37 — 



II 



HcTopiji 6ojii3HH, He ycTynaemefi o6uRHOBeHHiiMi 4^apMa- 
i^eBTHqecBHM'B cpe^CTBaMi, a HSJ'i&HeHHofi jshbotheim'b MarHB- 

TH3M0MI. 

Ill 

^'i^ficTBie mHBOTHaro MarHnxHSMa eaji^'B 6ojibhoh) ^. bx 
ApxaHreJibCB'6. 



IV 



HcTopifl n;(iocoMHaM6yj[03Ma, BaBi (5oji']&3hh, ocHoBaHHOfi 
ea BpoaK;^eHHOM^ kx Hefl pacnojoateHiH a yeHHToateHHofi Tej- 
JuopaqecKOK) chjiok). 



••^►§^^^ 



Jl^JIfl TOrO, ^10611 03HaK0MHTB ^HTaTeM CB aTHMX seHSAaH- 

HEiM'B npoHSBeAemeMi c;iaBBaro Me;^nBa-^0j[OCO^a, npHBeAeifB 
HiKOToptifl H3i Hero oxpHBKH, H ^peffi;^e Bcero — npe^HCJiOBie. 



ripeflMC/iOBie. 

BflifflHia aBJieHia HeopraflaqecKoft npnpoAH h 'opraenqec- 
Karo Mipa KaatAOMy npocTOMy qeJoeiKy omyiHTejiLHH, ho BHyxpeH- 
Hifl npoticinecTBiH ohuxi BecbMa He uBoriAWb hsi o(5pa30BaHHEixs 
H yqeHHXi JiiOAefl h3b4cthh. IIpHHHea cero HeEiAiHia naxoAHTca 
Bi caiiOMi o6pa30BaHiH h y^enin, ocHOBaHHOMx Ha oSn^ecTBeH- 
HHX'B flpeAy64m;ieHiaxx h saKopeHtjux'R ofiHqaax'b napO/^a, aa- 
Bymaro bi HHi^incfl oCjiacTH rfejiecHBixx qiyBciBi, h ne Bocxop- 
ni,aro bx BHcmyK) c$epy yMCTBGHHiixi nOHaiifi. BesnpeA'fejBHoe 
H Bt^Hoe Ha^ajio Bcero, AiBcTByroo^aro bo BpeneHH h npeSHBaro- 
ni,aro bi npocTpancTBi, ne noAJieaiHT'L HyBCTBeHHtiMX nBtiCKaHi- 
aMx, aaBJiaexca tojlro yMCTBennoMy cosepi^aniK)^ KaBi» a;i;eajb- 
Haa BOSMOssHOCTb H peajiBHaa A'^^flcTBHTeJiBHOCTB, EOTopBia 6y;[y?B 
lie^^y C060K) npoTHBonojoavHH, o;^Ha Ces'B ^pyrofl coctoatb ne 
MoryTi; h6o BOSMoamoe aB^iaexca to.ibko bx ^i.iWcxBHTejiBHOM'B, a 
^iftcTBUTejiBHoe npedMBaexx no CHji BosMoatflaro. Bx nj^eaJiBHoS 
c^epi o6pa3yexca 6e3npeA'i^JiBnaa B03MOi^nocxB, a bi peaJBHoft 
o6jiacxH npe^cxaBjaexca orpaHeneHHaa A^ficxBHxejiBHOCTB, BaRi 
jtyxx H xijio, KOHXi oAHHaKaa cymnocxB cocxaBjaexx xhshb, 
0Ka3BiBaK)n;yH)ca AificxBieMx h CtrxieM'B Bemefi. 

IIpapoAa ecxB npoHSBe^eHie Bceo6mefi asHSHu, A'feficxByromeS 
B^ KaqecxB^ xBOpam^aro Ayxa a npe6B[BaH)n^eff bi CBoficxB'b bhx- 
AUMoS MaxepiH. Bcb seinBna cyn^ecxaa h 6e3Ayu]H£ia Beii^eoxBa 
npoii3Be;;eHB[ oahoh) h xoK)-se a(5coJ[ioxHOK) shshbh); xo^ibbo nep- 



— 39 — 

BUfl o5pa30BajiHCb no npeHMymecTeeHBOft CHJii H;^eaJIBHa^o ;^4fi- 
CTBia, a nocJiiiJiHia nponsoniJiH Bi aepcB'fccHOMx BHaneHiH peajL- 
Haro 6HTifl. IIo H;Teajii>HOMy h pea.ibHOMy SHa^ieHiio BceoSmefi 
M3HB, Bcfe ea npoH3Be;ieHiH cym.ecTBvioT'B b'b ^BoaKOMt suAi: 
MK'h fiesnpeii'bjiBHafl Hi^eaJibRan cymHOCTb, aBjaromaaca Bt orpa- 
HH^eHHOfi peaJibHoW (|)opM'b, h npexoAfliuaa $opMa, odpasyiomaaca 
no H^ret b'ShhoA cymeocTH. Ha cgm'l ocHOBaHa nojapHOCTt Bcixt 
iiMHaMimecKHX'L, oprannHecKHXx h ncoxHqecKHXx aificTBifi h Ka^e- 
CTBeHHoe coj^epmanie BemecTBeHHHxi> npeitMeiOBT.. 

Bt ynoBepcajTBHOM^ Mipi cojiHennHfl cb^ti* npej^CTaBJiaeT'b 
Hjiea-iLHYK) BHyTpeHHfOK) cymHocTb, a nj[aeeTHaa TaaiecTB noKasH- 
BaeiT) peajbHyK) BH'kiiiHioK) $opMy; h Co.iHqe,3aHHMaK)n;ee i^enTpi, 
npoTHByiio,i07RHO njanerfe, Haxo.iaineHca bi nepH(f)epiH BceMip- 
Hofi Ct{)epbi. 

Ho B^PHTpaJibHOMy H nepH(|)epnHecKOMy coj;epa:aHiK), o6mi{l 
HeopraHHqecKiii mip'h coctoht'b hsx CojiHn;a, njaHeTH h sjieMeH- 
TOBi: B03/iyxa, bojiu h seMJin. OpraHHHecKifl Mipi, npoTHByno- 
JOffiHbiS HeopraeHHecKOMy, o(5pa30BaJica bx napajiJiejibHOMT> Cb 
HHMTi cojiep^KaHiH. — PacTenia cxo.^cTByioT'B ex 9JieMeHTaMn, mn- 
BOTHHH coo6pa3BH njaeeii, a nejioB'feB'B paBHosBa^HTeJieH's 
CojrHn;y; h KaKi* iiJiaHeTa Cb ajieMeaTaMH OTHOcnTca k-l CojiHi^y, 
Tasi ^HBOTHbia ex pacTeeiaMR co,T;epjKaTCfl kx qejiOBtKy. 

BemecTBeHHOe KanecTBO h ji^^rejihuoe cboActbo o6in;aro 
HeopraHHHecKaro Mipa 3aBHcaTx otx tI)opMajibHofi npoTHBono-ioat- 
HOCTH cymecTBeHHaro e^HHCTBa, bb cc()epHqecKOM'L ero cojep- 
acaHin. CojHue, sanrTMaFomee njeaTpx BceMipnoS C(J)epH, ocb*- 
u^aeT'b H corp^BaeTx nJianeTy, npofitraron^yio KpyroBoH nepw^e- 
PH^ecKiii ea nyxb n ofipamaiouxyioca na CBoeft ocn, otx qero npo- 
HcxoaaTx BpeMcea ro;ia h cvTOMeaa nepeMina j^na h homh. ^ejio- 
B-feqecKift opraHH3Mx, paBnafi yHnsepcajibHOMy Mipy, jii'iScTByeTx 
Hnpe6HBaerb no npoTHByno.TOTKHHMT) CBO^CTBasix ^ymeBeoB ero 
c^epBi H TijiecHof! oS.TaciH, ea kohxx oceoBtiBaeTca C^'inie h 
COHX, npo;ioj7KaH)iuieca nonepeMtHHO bo bcfo ;iin3Hb oprannsMa. 



— 40 — 

Bj^ieie, npHHaiiJfesKamee ^lymeBHOtt ccj^ept, cocTaBJiaeTx jieHB, a 
COHX, OTHOcamiflca k'b xiJiecHofl o6jiacTn, ecTB H04b opraHHHec- 
Karo Mipa. Cb'St'b ecTb oSpasoeaeie BHyxpeHHeit, i^eumpajihuoil 
cymHOCTH BO BflifflHefi, nepH4)epHqecKo8 ^opMi, a xLMa npej- 
CTaBJiaexx nepu^epunecuyn) (|)opMy bx i^eHTpajihHoft cymnocTH; 
H Citnie opraHiisMa paBHOSHanHTejiLHO ;tHeBHOMy CBixy, a cohi 
VLO^o6QWh HoqfloS TBMi. npH (JAinie i^eHTp^ opraHnqecKaro 
cymecTBa oCpasyeTca wh nepH(})epiH), KaKx euympeuuee cy6ieK' 
mueuoe bx napyMuoe o6zeKmueuoe^ a bo cb* nepH(|)epia npe;i- 
cxaBjaeTca i^eHxpoMT., KaK'B eufbtuuiH! odzenrm bo euympenneMh 
cyCzeKmrb. 

BAtHie npHHa^tJieatHTt ;iyuieBHofi, HAeaJbHoft C(|)ep4, a cohx 
oxHOCHxca K^ xijiecHOfi, peajiJiHofi o6jiacxH opraHH^ecKoft aKH3HH 
^ejiOBiKa, npexoAan^efi bx CjitHin h bo cni, KaKx bi npoxnBy- 
DOJioaHHX'B nepiojiaxx ea xeHenia, pasHaro cyxoqnoMy oSopoiy 
DjiaHexEi, VA^ ;teriL h ho^b CM'feHflK)xcH BsanMHO, h ea o^hoS ea 
reMHC(|)ep'fe rocaoitcxByexx Jieni), a Ha Apyrofi, npoxHBynojioaiHoS, 
ofijajiaexx ho^b. Bjtamee cocxosHie qejiOB-feKa npoxHBynojoaHO 
cuameMy. Bx 6;^'feHiH«!yBCXBa;^'hficxByK)x'BC^cocBtI'6HieM'B, noHa- 
xie oOpaayexca cyatjieeieMi, a jiiama pacnojarawxca BOJieH); ho 
BO ch4 napyaRHBia MyBCXBa 6e3A'hficxBeHHBi, a h3i> BHyxpenHHX's 
ncnxH^ecKoe omymeoie sanaMaexca o^hmmh npoHSBeAeHiawH CBoeS 
^aHxasin, fies-B no3HaBaxejiBHaro pasMumjieHia h ji'baxejBHofi bojih. 
Do ceMy 6;iamaa 5KH3hb co;iepa;Hxca kx cnameH xaKX", KaKi 

^HeBHOS CBixX K1» HOHHOS XLMt, HJIH HOJIOaCHXejBHOe KX OipH- 

i^axejiBHOMy, r^i oei, 6y;^yqH npoxHBynoJO'jcHUMH, ne ynH^TO- 
acaioxt ce6a BsaHMeo, eo o;iHa 6e3x ;ipyro8 xaKJKe ne ;^i0cxBH- 
leiBHH, KaRT. i^eHxpx 6e3x aepH(|)epi0, a nepH({)epia 6e3x Aenipa 
He cocxaBJiaioxi MaxeMaxaqecKaro Kpyra. I],eHxpx a^HBOxnaro opra- 
HH3Ma cocxaBJiOHi B3X HopBOBx, a HopH^epia ycxpoena hbii co- 
cyAOBi; H B-L HepBaxx npoHcxoAHXx atHBOxnaa opraHHsai^ia, cpojj- 
Baa coJineMHOMy CB-fexy, a bx cocyjiaxi* — pacxHxe.iBHaa, ceofi- 
cxBeHHaa 3eMHofi xaTKecxa. 



— 41 — 

CfiiTx npe^iCTaBJiieT'L ujiesLJiiEuS npHHuenx i^eHipa, ta- 
secTb nosa3EiBaeTi> peajibHoe ea^ajio nepB(|)epiH, a iKiiBoe xijio 
HSiflBJiaeTT. cymecTeeHHyio OAHHaKOCXb H;i;eajiLHaro cb peajitHEiMx. 

IIO CeMjr JKH3HL OpraHBSMa COCTOHT'B Bl Hepa3;iij!bH6M'L ejlHHCTBi 

<jB'feTa CI TiiasecTtM), h a^oBoe cymecTBO pasjinqaeTca oti 6e3;[yin- 
Baro BemecTBa t^mi, qxo bi nepsoMx fiaTie cb ^tificxBieMB ne- 
pa3itijibH0, HO B'B nocJiiAHeMT. oHTie noKaBHBaeTca Maxepieio. a 
^McTBie o6Hapy^nBaeTCfl cb']^tom%, RaRi pasjc^jibHEiMH BHA^tMa 
cymecTBOBaBia. ,ffi;BBoe cymecTBO ecTb opraHBBM'b, KaKi yHHBep- 
cajibHHfi Mipx Bi BHiBBBjiyajFLHOM^ odpasoBamH, r^^t ^eHTpaJII>- 
Hoe, nepB(j)epBqecKoe b pa;iioHaji>Hoe co^iepacaHie naxo^iBTca cob- 
MtcTHO. ^ejiOBt^ecKifi opraHBSMi, KaKt BnyTpeema BHAHBBjiy- 
ajibHufl Mipt, paBBH^ BflimHeMy vHBBepcaJibHOMy, cocToameMy hsi. 
CojiHi^a, njianeTti h 9.ieMeHT0BT). HepBHaa ero CBCxeMa ojcHOSHa- 
HHTejibHa CT» CoJiHii;eM'B, EpoBeHocHHe cocy;i;H paBHOKa^ecxBeHHti 
3eMHo9 IIjraHexi, aKJiixqaxHS cocxasx coo6pa3eHTE» ajieMeHxaM^, 
H xpa CBCxewH opraHBBMa: cescBOajbHaa, HppaxafiBJibHaa npe- 
npo;i;yKTBBHaa o6pa30Ba;iHCL no SHa^eHiio xpex'b o6jiacxefi BHim- 
Haro HeopraHBiecKaro Mipa: coJiHeqeofl, njiaHexHofi b ajreMeBX- 

HOfi. 

06maa C(t)epa CojiHeHHofl CncxeMbi ycxpoena opranBqecKBMi 
o6pa30MT., no Koxopoaiy uepH({)epBqecKia njiaHexu naxo^axca bx 
onpeAtJieHHOMt coAepjKaHiH kx i^eexpajibHOMy Cojinniy. ffi^HBOx- 
HHfi opraHBBMx, ycxpoeHHbia H3T. i;eflxpa b nepn^epia ero coc- 
xaBa, paBen'L ii,'fej[ofi c4)epi o6maro Mipa. HeopraHnqecKoe Bemie- 
CXBO xBepAoe, m^njime a rasoynpyroe ocxaexca Eaat^^oe npa cbo- 
ewh Ra^ecxBt, KaKi> bx CoAbuioi Macci^, xaKi> a bx MajiMmaxx 
;^OJflX'B; HO opranaqecKoe xtjo Moatext xojbKO npeSbiBaxt bx» 
ero m^JiocxB, ycxpoenHofi ast xBep;i;aro, ma^tKaro a rasoynpyraro 
€ocxaBa. OpranaqecKiH Mipt co;!i;epataxca kx neopranaqecKOMy, 
KaKt BHimnaa nepa^epia Kt BHyxpenneMy n,eHxpy Kpyra, h oji,met» 
^^pyroMv npoxBByno;iOrKeH'L b'b hxi cxpoema a ^liBcxBia, xoxa 
o6a npoB3Be;ieHH ojihoh) h xoio-ate mmBeHEOio cbjiok) npapo^H. 



— 42 — 

HeopraHHHecKoe BemeciBo npOH3BoiHTCfl MarHHTHHMt, ajieKipa- 
^ecKHM'B H xHMH^ecKMM'B npoueccoM^, a opraHHHecKoe T-fejo snat- 

JierC^ CeHCHfiHJLHHMX, HppHTaSHJIbBErM^ H penpOJiyKTHBHHM'B 

KUcTBiewb. rajii>BaHB3Mi> , cocTaBjreHBuif b3t> MarHnxfiSMa^ 
ajieKTp03Ma h xRMHSMa, ecxt Tome canoe,, qxo h opra- 

HB3M'B, COCTOflH^ifi H3^ CeHCB6HJILH0tt, uppBTafiHJIbHOS H peopO- 

^lyKTHBHOfi CHCxeMKr; HO rajBBaHHqecKoe A^ficTBie, npoBBBO- 
Jiamee oes^ymHiia BemecTBa, ycxpeMJieHO eapyaty, a opraeH^ec- 
Kifi npoueccB, TBopamifi mnBoe cymecxBO, HanpaBJieHx BnyTpB. 
MepTBoe npo08Be;teHie ra.ibBaH03Ma npoTHBynojojBHO :fKHBOMy co- 
CTaey opranHSMa, saKx napy^Hoe BHyrpeHHeMy. Bcfe KaqecTsa 
6e3;iyinH0fi Marepia cyxb eapyafHHa, HcmjiyeMKra BHimHHMa qye- 
CTBaMH; HO BHyxpeHHee cbo^ctbo isnBaro xtjia He uoji,Jie7Rm'h 
HBKaKOMy HyBCTBeeHOMy HscJiijiOBaBiK). 

AiOMHCTHqecKafl $H3BKa H 9MnHpHqecKaa $H3io.iioria, Hscii- 
jiueaiomia opraHH^ecRifi a neopraBH'iecKift MipT> bt. ojiH'fex'B na- 
pyffiHHXt ({)opMaxx, ne no^iatoT-b HCTHHHaro noHaiia o BHyTpea- 

Hefi HXX CymHOCTH, KOTOpaa BX 06HKH0BeHH0Ml» $H3UqeCB0MT. 

yqefliH ociaeTca coBspmeHHO HeMSBicTHOH). Be3x yMospHTeibHaro 
nOHaiia, OTKpuBaeMaro b^ mpaucueudeumaAhuoii 0UAOcos/Siu, hh- 
KaKoe npoHcmecTBie Bb 4)03HqecKofi h iicnxH4ecK0ft .ajH3HH qejio- 
BtKa, hT> HjieaJbHOM'b ero suaqeniH nsxacHeHO ouTb He MoateTi. 
IloceMy atHBOTHLii! MarnaTHSMX, icaB'b SojiisneHHoe cocioaHie 
HaTypaocbHaro cna, npHBaiJie/Kau^aro no^uoii aBHSHK qeJOBina, 
npH CTOJib HacTuxx h qyjUHwx'b ero aBjeHiaxt, ocTaexca neno- 
oxiiacHMi iJia aMHupBqecKHxx (|)03ioJioroB'b h naxojioroB^, koxo- 
pue, jtOBOJiBCxeyacb aoBepxHOCxHHM'b hxx snaHieMx^ jih6o Boece 
He apHBHaioxT* oieBM^iHHX'b aBjeBifi coMnaMSyjiHSMa, .iih6o uohh- 
Maiox^ OHLia xojibKo B% cyeB'ipHOM'h CMMc.ib npocxHX'B Jio^eft. 
Bx ^lyffli HejOBiiecKofl, KaEi H^ieaJibHOM'b yHHBepcfe, HCKjroqa- 
exca (?) Bca CHCxeMaoCmaro wipa. Cfiixjaa CojiHeHHaa C(j)epa npa- 
HajiJieatHX'b ;iyxy, a xennaa Sennaa OSjacxb CBoflcxBenna xfejy 
Me.noB'j^Ka, KOxopuS bo bck) cbok) ^bshb npeduBaeT'B nonepeMtBHO 
xo Bx acHofi o6HxejiH ;iyxa, xo bi Mpa^iHott K>i^ojiH xijia. Cojflp- 



: 



— 43 - 

Hafl a:H3Ht He.iOBtKa npoxojiHT'h Bt 6.Tfenin, a Te.aJitt)pHqecKaii 
npoieKaeTt bo CHt>, koh ctojibko tko MerK^iy co6ok) pasjuaqnu^ 

CKO-IbKO AeHb He CXOJ^CTByeTl ex HO^BIO. npH4HBa OJltHifl HCHa 

Bx opraHHSM-fe TKKTRe nen3BliCTHa, KaKT. ^iHeeHoe h HO'iHoe cocto- 
flHie SeMHoro Mipa eenonflTao, h6o xoth nonopeM'feHHoe TeHcnie 
jHii H Hoqn saBHCHTTE) OTx cyToqHaro oCopoTa seMJin na on ocw 
ojHaKO, caMHS oSopoi'B HHKaKHMH rRTioTesaMM H3XflCHenT 6lttb 
ee Moa\eT7>. Bt> oitnin Bcfe jiianiH Me.TOBiKa conepraaiOTCfl no 
ero BOJit n cl coaeaaieMT), no bo cnfe npoHCXOJtflT^ nenpoH3BOJir)no 
H 5e3^ BCHKaro o iibxx cocBii'teifl. 

CoMHaM6y.iH3M'B, KaKX onpe^'feieHHuJI bbjix atHBOTHaro Ma- 

reHTBSMa, eCXb HSMiHeFeHft HaTVpa.lhHHff CORX, RX KOTOpOMX 

Bcli ;i1;ficTBia coMeaM6yjia 3aBHc;iT7> otx bo.ih ero MarHHTH[3epa. 
SiUBOTHuffi MarHHTHSMt HSB'fecTeH'B 6h.1t. ya^e CT> jipeBHtflniBXi 
BpeneHX, h MarniecKaa ero cHJia ynoTpefijifl jracb h HHHi ynoipe- 
fijaerca KaKt bx jio^pyio, xaKx h bt. xyavEO CTopony ^ejiOBtnec- 
KHxt lifeflcTBiS. J-feqenie CoJiifeseeH y jpeBeexi* BapojiOBT. npoH3- 
BoiHMo 6h;io tkhbotbhmx MarHHTPiSMOMT,, no KOTopoMy TaKate 
BosBtn^aJiH opaKyjM 6yjyn^ia npoH3niecTBifl. H xeneps OKasuBa- 
eiB OHX HyjiHoe iiiBcxBie bx nsjr'feqeHiH CoJiisHefi, ne yciynaio- 
mjix'h HHKaKHMx (f)apMaT^eBTHqecK0Mx cpejtcTBaMx. Ho mapjiaTaHH 
^HrjiapH H qapoiiin ynoTpefijiaroxx onwft bo 3jio h ki npoHSBe- 
leHiK) oSManqHBHXi* n Bpejinnxx CBonxx ;t'63cTBi9. 

Co BpeMeBH MecMepa, otx noJioBHHM nponijiaro CTOJiiTia^ 
Bo ^pani^iH H repwaniH jiiqeRieM'B nocpejCTBOMt mnBOTHaro 
MarHnTB3Ma saHBMaTrncB MRorie Bpaqe n jpyria .iHi^a, jnyii^misi 

OCOfijIBByiO KX TOWy CnOC06nOCTL. PaBJIHIBKie OnHTtr BtpHHS 

Ha6;iioieHia nait TKHBOTHtiMx MarHHTUBMOMt onncanH bo Mnornxx 
eiMenKHxt n (f)paHqy3CKexx co^HHeniflxx, bx Koxopuxx, o^naKO, 
He H3Jraraexca xeopexn^ecKH qyiinoe cie npoHsniecxBio opranaHec- 
Kofi npHpo;iH. Bcfe warnHXHtra j^iScxnin npoHSBOjiHMBi 6HjrH na 
oiHHM'B Hapo;^HHM'B npewHiflMt H qyBCXBeHHHMx no6ya:jieHiaMx. 
CaMiie CHJiLHtre MarHHxnsSpH 6uJivi npocxwe Jiioji,\\j oco6jihbo 



44 



^yBCTBHTejibBHe H 6jaroHpaBHHe; ho coMHiBaBinieea bx jtiBcT- 

BHTeJBHOCTH ffiflBOTHarO warHHTHSMa He MOrJIH ;i'fcfiCTBOBaTI) OHHMl 

ycniniHO. 

Hbi mhophxij HOBifefliuHXi nHcanifi o atHBOTHoai'B Ma- 
rnHTHSMi, Euaepoea CucmeMa TeAJimpusMa (System des 
Tellurismus oder thierischen Magnetismus, Jena, 1822.) 
HMiexx snaqHTejiBHoe npeaMymecTBO. IIpo(})ecc()px Euaepi, 
HB^^aTejiB Mypuajia o otcueomnoMi MamumuaMtb (Archiv 
fiir den thierischen Magnetismus), coSpaBX BipnEia noKasania 
ooBiTOB'B H Ha6jiK);^eHifi Ha;^^ MarHHTHUMx Jii^eHieMx, upoHsee- 

AeHHUM'L 3HaMeHKTMmHAlH MarHH103epaMH Bl Esponi, CJmiHJI'B 
OHHa CL ;ipeBHHMH H HOBHMH TOMT, npejiaHiflMH, H COCTaBHJI^ 

CBOH) CucmeMy TejiAmpusMa^ ocHOBaHHyio na asBicTHHXi HHHi 
(})H3io.iorHqecKHxi noHaxiflxi. 3tok) CHcxeMOK) pyKOBOACTBOsajca 
a nafifiojite npa cocxaBJieHiH Moero co^HneBia, ;i;jra KOioparo 
BsaxH laKate naxepBajiH n Hsii pasHMXi ;^ocTOB'fepHKIX'B noeicT- 

BOBaflitt WHBOTHOM^ MarHHTHSM'ft. KpOM^ TOFO, nOMilIl,eHH SJliCB 

onBiTH H Ha6jK);ieHia Hajii MarHHTBBiM'B ji'feqeHieM'B Sojiianea, 
npoHSiiej^eHHWAi'B b'b pasHBixi) M'ficxax'B Poccin. 

SaHaiie cie 6hjio j^Jia Mena BecBMa saipy^iHHTeJiBHo! Bx 
eeMomHOMX cocToaHia noBpea:;ieHHaro' Moero apinia, npHHys- 
/leHi ii 6bi.tb nojiB30BaTBCa rjiasaMn Apyrex-B .ini^'B. 5IteHa Moa 
qH'rajia Msi H'feMeaKia h (|)paHniy3CKia noBicTBOBaflia o ceM'B 
npe^MeTt n necajia jieKTOBaHHoe mhok) hbx ohbixx, a h l.KOTopHe 
HLWh CBiBmHxx cjiymaxejiefi ^esioJiornqeeKHXi mohxi JieKuifi bi 
AKa;ieMiH pascMaxpeBaju cocxaBJienHBia mhoeo cxaxBH, h noco6- 
jiaJiH MHi HcapaBJiaxB h iipMBo;iHXb ouhh bb aajiJieaiaiuifl nopa- 

BaatHOcxB h noJiBsa cero co^HHeHia lOJimnH 6bixb nsBicTHH 
jiH)6o3HaxejiBHBiM'B eciecTHOHcnHTaxejiaMx h Bpa^ani, noHDMaio- 
mHM'B cymHOCXB qejiOBiqecKaro opraHH3Ma, Koero xijecHaa a 
;^yffleBHaa c(|)epa H3MiHaeTca ctojib nacxo no B.iiiJHiio a^HBOiHaro 
jiiarHHXB3Ma. 

^e-iOBiKi cymecTBvexx b'b ^eTHpexi* Bn^ax^ ero ofipasa- 



— 45 — 

Bania: bx MexaHHiecKOML, AanaMH^ecKOM'B, opraHHHecKOMX h ncH- 
xaqecKOMx, KOTopiie noiiBepjEeHii oco6jiHBHMt HSMiHeHijiMB h 
noBpe2\;ieRiaM'L HopMa.ibHaro hxx cocTOfleia, CBofiCTBeHHHMT> Ka/K- 
AOiiy BH^y H TpeSvKjmHM^ oco6hxx cnocoooBt icL nxx HcnpaB- 
jieniK). MexaHH4ecKoe pascTpoScTBO HCnpaBJiaeTca xapyprn^iec- 
KHMt cnoco6oM'B, jiBHaMH^ecKoe BpaqyeTca (|)apMaAeBTH^ecKHMH 
cpe;[CTBaMn, opraunqecKoe HcnjijifleTca jrhbothhm'l MaruHTuaMOML, 
ancHxaqecKoe noBpeatAeHie TpefiyeT-L cooTBiTCTBeHHaio eny ^y- 
xoBHaro JitneHia. IIoceMy bc6 coAep>KaHie uejumviECKB^TO yyeHia 
pas^iijifleTCfl Ha xupypim^ SapMaueemunecKym mepaniw, Mai- 
Humuoe epaueeauie h ncuxoumpm. Hsx Bcfexx qacTefi BpaHe6Hofl 
BayKn, o;iBa xupypiin BOSiijiaHa xo noipefiHaro coRepraeHCTRa, 
a B^ ^^pyrwxt h1?tt> eme h na^ajiBnaro ocHORaHia kx paii;ioea.ib- 
HOMy nosHanifo. $apMaixeBTHqecKaa lepania Haxo;i;HTca B^ Mpa^:- 
HOM'L xaoci, r;i;t HM^ero onperfejHTejibBaro bha'^tl He mo/Kho, 
u BHyTpefiHia fiojiisHH Bpa^yioTca tojilko no npnna;iKaMx 6ojib- 

HHX'b H HaBBaHlflMt JliKapCTB-L. JltneHie atHBOTEUMl MarH0TH3- 

MOMx, CTO.iB ynoTpeCtiTejibnoe ex jiaBHHX'L BpeMeHi) y npocToro 
flapo;ia, npaRTHnecKHMi BpanaM'B bobcg nensBicTHO noTOMy, qxo 
BT> cncTeMaTriiecKof! Bpaqefinofi nayKi, rrrHBOTHBiS MarnHTusM'B 
He yjocTOHBaJica 6iitb noMim.eHHLiMx neati^y ea npeAMexaMH. Ho 
lenepB HaHa.in noHHMaTs SHaneHie onaro, h bx Jiy^mnxT. npaE- 
TH^ecKHXi* C0MHHeHiaxT>, atHBOTHHtt MarHHTH3Mi» npe^^jiaraeTCH 
Kari, uocJiiiHee, Ha;i;eaKH bflmee cpe^CTBO kx HSJiqeniK) yuopn-fefi- 
ihhxtj 6o.i'b3Hefi. 

CaJia, ji'ijfiCTByiomaa bt, warHHii h mejitai, ecTB Ta caMaa 
KOTopoK) npoH3Bo;iflTca ci],4njieHie bi TBep^iHxx HeopraHnqecKHXt 
BemecTsaxi a ojiotheiS cocTaBx opraHHqecKHX'B xijii. MarnHT- 
Hoe ;iifiCTBie bx ^hbothomi opraHH3M% eaBBaHO ^hbothumx 
MarHHTHBMOMx 110 ero cxoACTBy c'L A'SfeficTBieMx MHHepaJibHaro 
MarHHTa. Oho npoHCxo;iHT:b bt* KaatjiOMi. 6e3AyniH0M'B Bem.ecTBi 
H KHBOMT) cymecTBt, HO HO Ka^ecTBeHHOMy pasjiHqiK) t4jix, OKa- 
SHeaeTCfl pasaa^HHM'L, xora bo BcaKOMx ogo6omi xijii ;i;ittcx- 



— 46 — 
Byexi 04Ha a Ta-a\e ooiuaa cii;ia ukjioa SeMuoH TI.iaueTLj. Mar- 

HHTHHft npOUeCCL BI) JJHHepaJlbHOMl. BemeCTBi M axHBOTHUfi 

MarHHTi!3MT> BT. HeJioBt^ecKOiii. opranii3»:'fe jiJia aTOMHCiB- 

^eCKHX'B 4>"3HK0B1. H BMDHpHHeCKHX^ (|)H3iOJOrOB'I» HeUOCTHJKBMtlj 

H coKpoBeHHoe 3Ha4eflie ohhxi oxKpuBaeTCJi tojibko yMOspHierD- 
HOMy uoHflTiio, EOTopoe tTOJibKO-a;e cnocaiiiiecxBOBa^io B3C.itA0- 
BaHiK) TijiecBoS ofijiacTn, CKOJbKO uocjjvh>'hjio m Kb ooiarHeBifO 
;iyraeBiioii c4)epH cymecxBa MeJiObiqecKaro. 

3a xpawaxb jitxT> iipeA^ chmI), asHEOxHufi MarHiixHSMX bi 
pyccKofi MejiBLABHCKoffl JiHxepaxyp'fe BOBce iiohxii iie 6m.tl H3Bt- 
(xoHt. CoHHBeHie Bep.iBiicKaro iipo(|)eccopa Ejiyie o aiHBoxBOMi) 
MarHHTHBwi, r3;iaHHoe MHOK) bx 1818 roAV, 6ujio nepBoe, b o,iho 
xojibKO Ha pyccKOMx fl3£aKi, HO OHO, no uHetiiiHeMy CB-ife^iiBiH) 
o ceMi> npe;iMeT'fe, BecbMa Hejiocxaxo^Ho h ne cojiepjKHXi bi ce6t 
naxott ;iojiH xoro, ripe;icxaBjieHHaro yjitcb co^HHeHia, KOiopoe no 
CBoefi nojiHOxi h xohbocxh Moatexb y^OBviexBopaxb caMOMy cxpo- 
roMy xpeCoBaHiio. HeMHorie cowutBaroxca xeiiepb bx iKiiBOXHOMt 
HarHHTBSMi, H xo-ibKO BaKopeH'bJiuri neAaHXM3Mi> aMnapaqecKexi 
Bpa^efi H axoMHCXB^ecKHXi ({)n3iiR0B^, ue noHimaioii^HX'L 3Ba4e- 
Hifl MarBHXHBMa, He upuBnaexx A'fewcxBHxeJBbHOCXH oHaro. no3Ha- 
HieMx ;R]aBOXBaro MarHBxasMa BBiacnaioxca^Hona <|)B3H4ecfiiH 
a ncHXH^ecKifl CBoficxBa nejiOBtKa, 3aB0Cam,ifl ox-l ero xeMnepa- 
Menxa h xijioc.ioateuia, bx Koxopbixb Coxte hjih MeHie yqacxoy- 

eXl H TKHBOXHHft MarHBXH3MX, COCXaBJiaK)lU,ift XevlJllOpH^eCKyH) DJH 

HO^HyH) JKHBHb 4ejiOB'b4ecKaro opraHBSMa, H3MiHaeMai'o nooHOAiy 
KaK'B Bx 3;iopoBOM/L, xaK'b H 6oji1i3HeHHOMi> ero cocxoauin. IIo- 
ceMy ocBOBaxejiLHoe (j)H3iojiorHMecKOe Msjoaieuie atuBOXHaro Ma- 
rHHXHSMa Moaiexx npHHecxb cymecxBeHHyio noJiBsy Bpa^aMi, ncH- 
xo-ioraMt H ne^aroraM'L, KaKx CiiocxuxejaMx xiJiecHaro s^pa- 
fiifl H HaBHA^Te^flM'b ;i;ymeBBaro oGpaBOBaeia Jiio^iefi. 



K'B 8T0My npHCoe;^HHaeMi ein,e 3 § 031 I-ro TOMa pyKonacH. 

OTji.'bJieHle BTopoe. 

r^aBHbifl noJioweHifl coAepmaHiH ofituaro mipa, nocJi'bACTBie hsl 
OHbixi> II onpeAtJioHie WHBOTHaro MarHMTN8Ma bi> coficTBeHHOMfb 

ero SHaHOHiM.— 

§ 12. 

$H3ioJiorii^ecKie saKOHw, ua KOTopaxij ocHoeaHi) maBOTHBia 
MarHHTHaMTj, cyxb cjit^tyiomie: 

1). Bc4 Beii],H Bt 11,'fejioM'L co^iepMjaHiH o6iii,aro Mipa cyxb 
scHBUfl H opranaqecaia; OB'S ;iB0aayTca bo BpeMeHH, oOpaayiOTca 
Bi apocTpaocTBt H cocTaBJiaioT'B r-iaBHHa nacTH Buciiiaro u,*- 
jaro, KaKi ero opraHti; ho oah^ no ceOi cyTb atHBHe opraHH- 
3MH CoJiie h;ih weHte caMOCToaTejiBeu h He;^'6JIHMH. HoceMy 
Oflt ex o;^flofl CTopoHH OTHOcaxca kt> o6meMy njiJiOMy, a ex 
^tpyroB K'B caiiHM'B ceOi, h nepsoe oTHomenie osasHBaeT'B cipe- 
MJCHieMX Hxx K'h o6meMy coAepiRaHiK) Mipa, a Bxopoe ycH^iieMi 
£'!> coxpancHi^o cBoeS HHAHBH;i;yajiBHOCTH. 

2). JIfi'b ocoSiia sema, conpaKacaacb neat^iy co6ok), ;i;ftflCT- 
ByioTX BsaHMHO, no ycHJiiH) KaasAoft yj^epmaTB cbok) caMOCxoa- 
TejiBHOCTB. S^iCB o^Ha BemB, coxpanaa ce6a, ycHJiHBaeTca yna- 
HTomflTB j^pyryH), hjh npeBpaxHTB ee bx CBoe Ka^ecTBO. Hjx 

AByX'B OHUX'B A^SCTBifi npOEECXOAHT'L XpeXbe, RaBX JKHBHeHHUS 



— 48 — 

npoi^eccx, b-l KOTopoMt oji;ho A'tScxBie OKasBiBaeTca Ha4a;iLCTByK)- 
mHMT. HJiH nojio^HTeJ!i>HUMT>, a Apyroe no;i^HHeHHUMt hjih oxpH- 
j^aTejisHHMt. TaKOBoe BsanMHee co^iepataeie ^^Byx'B Bemefi nasH- 
Baeicfl nojiapHHMi, a coBMicTHaa i];'fe;iocTb abvxx ohhx'l ^ifi- 
CTBia HMeHyeica opraBH^ecKHMi> arnsHeHHHMX npoi^eccoM'B. 

3), IIoejiHKy HHKaKaa Beiij,b ne coctohtx o;iiHa no ce6i, 
HO Kaaj;i;afl Haxo^iHTca b^ coBMicxiK ex ;ipyroK), to ocoCua BemB 
co^epataTca Besjii Meat;i;y co6ok) noJiapnaMH, KaKT> bx Bejiaqafi- 
mefi, xaKi* h bx iiaji'tSmefi c^ep'i BceoSo^efi aHSHHwipa, HBsa- 
KMHoe ji'HcTBie OHHxt cocTaBj!ifleTT> ocoOuH ^Rmneimui npo- 

4). Kan's BcaRaa Ben^b npe6BiBaeTi> tojibko bo BBaHMHOMx 
jl'b&CTBifi c% ^ipyroEO, to Bct Bema oOpasyioxca bt. npocrpaHCTBi 
H npoHCxoiiaTt bo BpeMeHH acHSHeHHHM'b npoi^eccoMi, now6- 
HHMX opraHHHecKOMy nojiapnoMy. Bx cojiHe^Hott cncTeMi Mipa, 
cojiHiie H seMJia co^epataTca Me)fi;^y co6oh) npoTHBonojioateMMH, 
H nepBoe ^tiflCTByeTx nojioatHTejibHO. a BTopaa — 0TpHi];aTejibH0. 
IIo TaKOBOMy co^epataaiK) HefiecHHXb T'fejix, seMJia oOopa^HBaexca 
Ha cBoe9 och h npoTeKaeTx BOKpyrx cojiHua. 

5j. BcaKoe ;t'£ficTBie coiiepmaeTca ;^BHateHieMx bx npocTpaHCTBi 
H o6pa30BaHieM'B bo BpeweHH, ho jiBVLmeBie ycujiasaeTca h oc- 
juaSjiaeTca nonepeMinno, oti qero h uponcxojiHTi nepio^iHHecKoe 
pasjiH^ie Bx jiifiCTBia Bemefi. IIpH BsaHMHOwb JtificTBm co.3Hi(a 
H BCMja, coAHpuan h meAAiopuHecKaH uxh cuAa BOSBHiiiaeTca h 
yna^^aeTx nonepeMinno. Otx cero ni)e oopameHia somjih BOKpyrx 
coJiEma, saBncHTb ea vLpuCunmeEie (periheliuin) h OT;iajieRie 
(aphelium), a npa oSopOTi Ha ea oca npoacxo^iHTX ^enb h 

HOHb. 

6). Coji;epfltaHie Meat;iiy ocofiwMa Ben^aMH paBHO coAepataniK) 
Meatfly cojiHE[eMx h BeMJieio, h6o BcaKoe nacTHoe fiHTie ocHOBano 
Ha saKoni o6iiiaro cyn^ecTBOBania. Kaa:;(bin opraaasMx, Eanx 
i^ijiHft asHBHeHHHfi npoD,eccx, saKJUOHaeTx bx cefii co;i:epa;aHie 
Bcero ofiu^aro Mipa h Bci npoHSBeAenia nojapnott jtiaTejbHocxH 



— 49 — 

xesffy cojiHiteM% h senaieK), asiaioiiiiflCfl nox'B bhjiom'b* jitoa^ h 
sHMUy ;i(Hfl H HO^s, npoHcxoffflTS BS Ka«A(>ic'& oco6oM'B opra** 

EaiRXiiS- SHSBraHHll npoi^eocs bo BpeiieBR^ HH^Jteri^ onpe- 
^ixeHHoe coAepaRaeie noiosBTeiMK^ft h oTpnii;aTeji&HoS<A']^Tairi>K 
HOOT0 H npoffCxojiiiT^ nepio^HQecRH cs npeHMyn^ecTBeHHoio ch«* 
JOK) Tofi, jih6o Apyrofi. IIoceMy opranH^ecKaji sb3h& ^ejroB'bfta^ 
R S0BOTH»xi npoTeBaex'B ag^ ABycxopQ£[HeM'B HanpaBjeHip: ch 
oj^fi cxapoHH woxaf,^x^ oaa qti B&naja .ko soHi^a.eB pa^w-* 
Tui,.a. CBi ApyroB hbcxoapti. otx coBepmenBaro oSpasoBaBia- aq. 
noaiAB^ro paspymeHifl opraKB^Ma^. 

Ho ocofieHBOCTB, opraBB^ecBofl absbb b% nppcTpaHCTB!& 
ORawBaeTCB boibpahjcb coxepaKaBieMi> opranoBi xija, pasaB- 
Bajoimn^CB' Bi. QpoTflByup40»HaM3^ Banpaa^eBiB, b. BOTopiix^ 
B3aBMHoe A'i^flcTBie npoBBBO^BT'b acBsseHByio nepeH'bBy bo bpi^ 

7). Bci cyB^eCTBB b Ben^ecTsa seMHoro iiipa npe^^ciUBJiiByrb 
Ha^aJi&ByH) noji^pBOCT^ sbbhb, b o^B'b npoB3omjfl wb CBoScTB-i 
coMpHoHj a xpynB o6pa30Ba<i[BC& b% BavecxB'j^ meAAiopuHecKoii 
cmQp0Hhi o6ii^ro nipa. IIoceMy BasAuft oco6hS. opraBBaHi^ 
ycTpQeQSb B8'(. npoTBj?pBO4p2RB0:PK oprasoB^L, xbfkcTByiomjix^ b:^. 
nptiVTBBHiOM'B BBBrpaajeBiB* 

§ 13. 

Eba cRasaiBBHxiK' noJoiseBijixx ocuoiBaHoitonflTieoioymHOGTHi 

SBBOlBOra tfOrBHOVI^IMif OffropUftl COOrOBT'b bob AiiftCTBiB) BpOBBt 

BeAeHBOMi BsaflMBUMx BanpaaieHieM'B AByx'B opraflBanoBib^ cajiBt'. 
iqBS^CA b;^ npeofijiaAaBiio oxaoro BM'h xpyrBM']^. S^^^b meM^o- 
pynefiKa^ cu4ar rOjCnoACxayfiTx Baj9i:B. coMpuqiQ. b, Q^effaxaB4w,< 
Bee co^es^BJIe aeMJB, A^Bcrayexx nojioiRBxej^BO.. 

Bx^arpiWBOMi^ A'feftcxBifl MeatAy Aayn*' xiJiaMB, ^iflcxapor 
n^aa cbjb BMiexi me44M>jnev6Cico6 Kmecmeo ci noJOSBxejibBUM'b 



— 50 — 
BJiiflHieMii. Bcb scHSHeHHue npoo^eccu, npoHCxo^fliAie no sslsoej 

nOJIJipHOCTH, CXO^^CTBySOTB KettiJlJ CO6OH); HO SHBOTHO-MarHHTHIlfl 

npoi^eccx coBepmaeTCfl npoTBBHmi^E o6pa30M<B; h6o CHJia onaro, 
6y;iyqH meAJiiH>puHecK090y A^ScTByerb b^b saHecTB*]^ coAHpnoH. Ma* 
THHTHoe ;^iScTBie ecTB jRHBHeHHufi npoDieccob, npoHSBexeHHHft Vh 
MarHHTHSBpyeMOicB opraHHBii'i a^^ BOsdyaBAeBifl btb newh com- 
HaM6yji[H8Ma. 

BjiiflBie co.iHiia na seifjiH) npoTHBynojsosHO MarHnTHOMy 
npoi^eccy, h npn BsaHMHom j^'bficTBin Bcixx seMBiixi t^jex, co- 
AHpuan cuAa yHE^TOsaeTi meAAwpuHeacyio. Ho me^^fo^t^^ciccM 
cz^^^a, BT. ea nepeB^ci ea^i^ coAnpnoH, paBHa HarHBTHoS h oaho- 
poAHa ex Heio. Ho^b A'J^flcTByeTi MaraBTHUH'B o6pa30Mi&, a^^eHB 
npoTBBynojioatHHM'B OHOHy cnocoCoMX. Ho j^ificTBie ;^py^HXl 
njaHOTi Ha saMJK) ^^ojia^no cxo^tcTBOBaxB ch xejiJiEopH^ecBHMi, 
h6o njiaHGTii o^cBopo^HU ci> 8eMjieH). Jlyea^ BaKi nacTB somje, 

^t^fiCTEyeTX TSLlURe MarHHTHUM'B OdpaBOMX H npOH3BOABT'b COM' 

HaM6yAU3Mb AyuamuKoez. 

JEBBOTHO-MarHHTHHft ^po^ecc'B OTHOCHTCJiBHo El ;5pyrBirB 
^^ificTBiflifB Ha seuni ecTb yHEBepcajibnafl jiismeJihEocTh^ sasjiK)- 
TOiomaa Bx cedi bc6 coAepatanie seMHoro npoi^ecca. ,3ipyrott 06- 
n^ifi npoi^ecci Ba soMJii, bi BOTopoicB coAHpnan cuAa npeHMyme- 
CTByex'B Hajtx we^^/opw^^ccicow, npoTHBynojioaeHt MarHHTHOMy. 
Jl^ifiCTBie, npoBSBOAfln^ee cb'jI^t'b h lenjioTy, cxoACTByexi HaB6ojrle 
ci OHBiHB npoi^eccaMB. Ho cb'j&tx, EaBi aoBpHoe Hanpaseme^ 
uemjiY cojiHi^eicB BseMjeio, HM^eTx nojoacBiejikHoe cboActbo, a 
TenjiOTa, npoHSBeAeHBaa na bomji'I. ecTB oTpHi^aTeoiBHaro xa^ecTBa. 
Hoceify ^'bflcTBie CBd^xa npoTHBynoJtosHO MarfiHTHOMy, axenJEora 
A'l^fiGTByerb bi» saqecxB^ noci'&AHaro. 

Bi A'^Topo^iHOM'B aBx-i MysecKiS nojix BMl>exi apoBSBOAfl- 
n^yH), coAHpuyio cuAy^ asencBifi — po2cwK>n^yK), meAAiopuHecKyw 
cnocoOuocnihj b iiysqEna co^epsBxcfl ki senmBBt xaiTB, Kasi 
cojHi^e B'B QjiaBexi. JEenii^HHa no mcAAiopuHecKOMy ea sa^ecTBy 



— 51 — 

fjktCTBjeT'h CHJIBH^ B!B HarHBTHOM'B UpOUfiCC^j HCSeJE MySHHHa^ 
HMiH)JD[9fi COASpHOe CBOSCTBO, 

CoffB oxHOSHaHHTOJieH'B c% MarHHTH8M0M!B, H cnamift <iejio- 
Bisi iiarfiHTHSHpyeT^b CHJiBB'be, HesejiH 6Afliitifi. Bi cj^epi ncH- 
xiqecKoft SH3HH, noBsaHie npoTnynoJioaBHO ^yBCTBOBaniK), wki 
^MpucM o6«BacTB ine4^K>ptMecir(Mi^, noeeny lyscTByiomifi MeHTa- 
TeiB Buierh 6ojiBinyio MarHHTHyio CHJiy, HesejiH noHHiiaiDiitift 

MHCJHTeJIB. 

§ 14. 

ffi^BBOTHO-iiarHHTHoe A'ificTBie nasuBaioT^B emfi MarHHTHiiMtB 
BpyroMi; noejHKy XBa opraHBsiia, ;('6BcTByK)ii^ie nes^y co6ok) 

BSaHHBO, BaSl nOJEOSHieJIBHBlfi H OTpni^aTeJIBHBlfi, COCTaBJfllOTl 

jj^iulk opraHHHCCBifi npoi^ecci. B% cem Bpyri A'ifiCTBifl, MarHH- 
THSHpyion^iB Hic&eTrB nojioac^TejrBHyH), sa^aJBCTByioii^yK) CHjy, a 
OTpHi^aiejiBflaB, no^i^HHeHHafl npnaa^^JiesHT'B MarHHTnsopyeMOMy 
opraHH8My, h sBSHeHBiifi npoo^ecci nocji'b^^Hflro x^ficTByexi bi» 
Ba^ecTB-i nepsaro, BOTopoe oti oahofo opraBBdica nepexoABTi 

Bl APyrOMy. TaBOBBB BSaHMBOCXB MeSAy MarBHTB3flpyK)II^BMrB H 

MarHBTBSBpyeMnicB opraHBSMOMi cociaBjiflerB Mamumuoe cnotue- 
uie (rapport). 

^'bScTBie MarBBTBsepa no ero KOJin^ecxBy ecTB noJomBxejiB- 
Boe, Ba^ajiBCTByioii^ee, a no Ba^ecxBy oTpm^aieJiBHoe, noA^Bsea- 
Boe; BO coMBaHfiyjfB sasi no BOJiaqecTBy^ laR'B b no sa^e- 
CTBy CBoero A'^BcTBifl BiiieTi> omput^meAMiyiOj meAMopuHecnyio 
cuAy. 

no BOJTBiecTBy ;i['ificTByK)n;uxrB CHii, coJini^e h seiiifl na- 

XOXBTCB Wh MarBBTBOMl OTBOmeBiE; T?jb COJIBI^e, BBBl MarflHTB- 

depi, A^ficTByexx nojoiBBTejBBO, a Beifja, bbbx coMBaM^yjrB, 
BH^ex'B oTpBi^axejBEoe A'^ScxBie. Bi iiarBBXBOM'B spyri seiiJiH 
H jiyHEi nepBBfl A^ficxsyexB nojioiRflxejBBO, a Bxopaa — oxpai^a- 

XeJEBHO. npH MarBBXBOlfB CflOmeBiB TOJIOB'&Ba CB SOMieK) B JiyBOK), 

4* 



-- 54 — 

^ejOB'iRa, a no^aBHO MarHHTHSM'b (cxp. 42). ynospHTejiBHoe 
noHflTie, KaKi yBasuBaer'b BejijaHCKifi, ctojibko me cnocnime- 
CTBOBaJio Hscjid^AOBaHiH) T^ecHoB o6jiacTH, ckojibbo nociysHja 
Vh otfiflCHemio xynieBHoft c^epn cyn^ecTBa ^eJiOB'ii^qecsaro. Ha- 
KOHei^i, HeJiBSJi He corjiacHTBCfl h ci x^HtB, ^To no8HaBieM!& 
SHBOTHaro MarHHTHBifa (saBi& ossyjiBTHOfi npnpoffii HejiOBisa 
BOo6ii^e) HsxflCHfliOTCfl HHorifl CBOficTsa qejiOB'i&Ba (cxp. 46), nn 
TTO ocHOBaTeAHoe B8J[0»eHie ero BecBiia nojiesHO ne toibso 
XJifi Bpa^efi^ HO n jiza ncHXOJioroBi, n f,jui nexaroroBi. 



n. 



A. H. PaszmeBi, sam $zjiioco$i. 

O ecjiR TO He jioxcHO, 

Hto mu no cvepTH 6yAeu'h xcht^!.. 

....KOHHHHIiI ySpHMli BCk HCpTOrL, 
OCT^nTh KpOBaBUMR CTpyHMH: 

lipeAii B-^KOWb cuepTb cjjiaji'h nsatrh Bon; 
£fl BepmRTcx Bce ycTaMH 

Bi> Mip'b ceMii.. . 

....H, ecjiH nperp'biiiRjii*, 
SaKOHii n Tfioia HCKajix, bi jiym'b 

Te6H jibo6e(ji'b: 
He K0Jie6axcH, Ha b'^^hoctb h saiipaK). 

(Hail cTRxoTBOpemH PaAHmeBa). 

^JlBTepaTypHaa nsBicTHocTL Pa^HnieBa cosAaea ero ^Ily- 
TemecTBieMi". ^B(A xBaJie^HHe otshbh o Paxnii;eB']|^, BaBi o 
TOLCSkiejA, onepexEBmeMib CBOfi b^bi, ocHOBUBaioTCfl, rjiaBHuicB 
ofipasoHi, Ha ^IlyTeinecTBiH^ (h ea xpyxax'L bx saBOHOAaTejibHoft 
BOMMHcdH)'', cnpaBeAJEBo B&ui^&erh ero 6iovpsi^i»y M. H. 
OyxoMAUH<m ^). 



^) HscjjribxoBaHiii  cTaTBB no pyccxoi jiHTepaTypl  npocB^n^eHiio, t. I, 
CDS, 1889, CTp. 541 h 616. 



— 56 — 

Hmh Pa;^HmeBa xaKX xicHO CBasaeo ci ero ^nyTemecTBi- 
eMi^, ?T0 no^TH Bcb nHmyncie h nHcaemie o HeMi (hcrjih)- 
?afl nymKHHa) KaK6£i no3a6iiBaH)Ti o cyn^ecxBOBaHiH ero 
ApyrHX'B, ;i[OBOJ[bHO MHoro^HCJieHHHXi H pa3HOo6pa3H£[xi npons- 
BeAesiS n ocHOBiiBaiOT'B cbok) xapaExepncTHKy, npeHMyiii,ecT- 
BeHHO; jmmh na ojs,eo6 dToB SHaMennTofi EHHri. 6 tomhkobx 
;^py^HXx ero coHHHeHifi npe;i;cTaBJiaK)T'B co6ok) eme cobc^mi 
HepaspadoTaHHufi HCxopEBO-JinTepaTypHiiS icaTepiaji'b. 

Hh ofimecTBOHHoe, hh HCTopHKO-JiHTepaTypHoe SHa^eme 
Paj^nmeBa eme ho yciaHOBJieHO. Hctophkh jHTepaTypH jih6o 
8a6uBaH)T'B ero, 4h6o onA'^JiUBanoTcsk napoio cxpoqes^. A iceiB^ny 
riifB Bx pyccKoS, js,b,, nosajiyS, n bo BceS eBponedCKOfi jh- 
Tepaiyp* ipy/^HO yKaaaxb mhofo xaKHXX THnnqecEHxt h Epyn- 
Hnxx npejiCTaBBTejeff ^eHTflMeHTaiHCMa, sasx HMeHHo Pa;(Hiii;eB'b. 

OciaBJiaa bi cTopoH* nHyTemecTBie**, Ha^i EOTopuifB 
TflroxieTx AO chx'b nopx xaEaa He6j[aronpiflTHafl cy;i;L6a, mei 
HaSAeM'B MHoro HHTepecHaro h noy^ExejibHaro b'b ero npoinxi 
co^HHeHlflX'B, saEx cnpaBBA^HBo ysaBJEiBajii IlymKum, snepBiie 
nuTaBmificfl CEasaxB o PaAHii^eB']^ Hl^CEOJiBfiO cjiobi, h eero^o- 
BaBmifi Ba nponycBi> Pa^Bo^eBa b'b o63opax'B jmTepaTypH, 
IlymsHHib, BHA'^Bmifi (b'b nmB>Ai) cboh npaBa ea descMepxie 
B'B TOMX, ^To ^Bcui^^i Pa;tHmeBy BOSCJiaBHJi'B CBo6o;ty". 

Mu m CTaneMi B3JiaraTB diorpaj^iH) A. H. Pa^Hii^eBa, — 
H 3a no^poGHOCTflMH ero BH'bmHefi a:H3Hij OTCHjraeMx b'b moho* 

• Fpa4)iH M., HOifXQMjmHoaa „A. H. PaABnieBi" ^), aajiiiion^efiai 

.,2^0 .<M9CX'B nop'B OS^MOiO T2IOJIB01O K CaMOiO jiyHineK). 

B% M^tmsmfiUT, STioxi MBT osaM'ipeHii faanaTBefl .4^Em€0^ 
ie8mi% fipoH8Bexe«ieM'B Pa^HBQ^Ba. RassBgB<6cTHo,MBoroeTopeHHifi 

• I^a;(dii^eB'B HdDHcaii dojimofi n no^TeHosfi .^mxot&^ewA 
Tpy;^B, — OAHO BS'B nepBBLX'B opBrBHaJTBHUx'B (|)bj[0cq4^iix'b upo- 



*) TaMi xe, CTp. 541—671. 



V 

I 



— 57 — 

iSBe^eHifi Ha pyccEOMib bzuvA bi XYIII siui. dwH CTopoHH 
^iflTejBHOCTH PaAHn^esa, CKOJibBo a seaK), hhbto eo^e ee Ka- 
caicfl. 

ynoMflHyTBift Tpy;^^ ecTb pascya/^eaie ^0 HeAOSfbKfby o e%o 
cmpmHocmu u 6e3CMepmiUj saHHMaioii^ee II a III tomhbh bx 
»Co6paHiH ocTaBmnxcfl coHHHeHitt noBoSHaro AjeRcaHj^pa Hh- 
BOjaeBHHa PaAHii^eBa": nacTB BTopafl h qacTL xpeTba, M. bx 
THHorpaj^iH IIjiaTOHa BeKexoBa, HSAHBemeMi HS^^axeJiefi. 1809. 
^^pysBflHi MOBMrB". dawpa^'B Le terns ; pree^nt est :gros de 
IWnir. Leibnitz. Keara nepsaii. Ha^axo 1702 rojoia, :reH- 
Mfsi 15. HuBiceKX. ^. II — 2 THTyja-i^TeBCTt 5 — 108-frim?cy(KB 
.qeflOB'feBi etc. KHHra.BTiDpM-t*CTp. Ill — ^^194. ^. III. 2 ra- 
Tyja (KHiira TpeTLa)H-5~94-4-TOTyji'B («HBra  nexiBepTaa) 4- 
97—151. He^aTaHo: ^Oh OAoOpeaia r^eHSfpaaro KoMHTcia, 
yapeatjieHHaFo j^Jia^ Ospyra HMaopaTopcsaFO MocsotBcearo . Yhh^ 
iBepcETexa". ^opuavhi 12. 

Bx BH^y Toro, ^to covii&e&iei ESA^Ba qoica']^ caiapTH Haojrii^r 
HBBaMH PaABipeBa, h cam asTopi, noBUj^HMOMy, se apBAaJKi 
CBOBMy npoB3Be;ieHiH) 0B0fl?$;TejiftHQtK <4^pMH (jiona^^aiOTefl Aaase 
ROHCHeBTU iruciiefi BjK^cTO HBJOJceoifl, saax yBUUH^ Heme, 
flajip, , ca'p . 99— r 100, 1 3 2 } B i ap.) , to Hiaout^Ha iiicTa : pewt®- 
^apoBaftu ^iiypHO n HQDpaBff4&H0. 



i*wi*W«a 



npes;i[e ^'bwh nepeftiH k% osHasoMJieHiH) Ch Tpjj^owh Pa- 
xnn^eBa, Eeo6xowmo pascMOTp'fiTB xoA'Bero j^HJioco^Baro otfpa- 
soBanifl. Pajj^Hn^eBi, HecoMHd^HHO, 61121 offlnwh hsi caMHxi o6pa- 

BOBaHHUX'B JfOXeff BI&EBpOni BOHD[a XYIII B. Owh9B9Ui% C^EOAH- 

HaKOBOK) niHpHHOH) H rjy60HOH) BsrjEflxa coi^iaj&Hiifl, lopnAH^ecsifl, 
KaBx H ecTecTBeHHUfi eayKH; xi 9T0My HaxotiHO npHcoexHHBTs 
en^e OTJinqnoe SHanie jHTepaiypi eBponeficRHXib h jHTepaTyps 
oie^ecTBeHHofi. Cbohmh sHaniflMH PaAniiteBrB 6jiji% oCflaaH's xaBS 
sarpaHH^HHMrB saHflTiflifb b% AeHrsum^^ Tax^E a HeycxaHHOMy 
co6cTBeHHOMy Tpy;i[y. HHiepecHO, Kaxi, fa*]!^ h nax^ hlhmi py- 

BOBOACTBOM'L OH^E HSy^aJCl j^HJOCO^ilO. 

nepBOHaiajBHoe otfpasoBaHie Pa^Hn^eBi nojy^HJEi bi Poo- 
cin. JI[oMa oh'r yinjicfl no ^acocjiOBy h IIcajiTHpH, noTOMi y 
^paei^ysa (6'6rjiaro cojj^axa). 3aT0, Kor^a oh:b nepemejn b^ 
AOMX CBoero poji[CTBeHHBBa Mhx. Ooa. AptaMonoeaj A. H. boc- 
nnTUBaJiCfl Bificii ex ero a'^tbmh uoa'b pyKOBOxcTBOici 9me- 
rpaHxa, o6pa30BaHHaro ^paei^ysa, a xaKse nojcbsoBajicfl ypoBaMB 
npo^eccopoBi h npenoj^aBaiejiefi MocBOBCxaro ynnBepcHTeTa. 
ApranaBOBx se sanncajii ero npn Boponai^iH EBaiepHBH II vb 
nasH uoTnpaBHji'E ero msl npo^OJiseHifl ofipasoBaHia bx Ilase^ 
CBifl Bopnyci ^). 

El TOMy BpeMeHE, Bor;E^a PaAnn^eBi coctoajki nasBeMx, ot- 



') BocnoMHHaHiH ero cub a Hukoaoh AAeKcandpoeuna Paduv^eea^ bi •Pj^ 
CKol CiapHHt* 3a 1872 r., t. VI, cxp. 574. 



— 59 — 

HOCHTCfl njiaHi AJisL o6y9eHifl nasefl, cocxaBjeHHufl SLJiSLAeuEKOWh 
Fepap^tOMi $pHApHX0Mi MuAMpoMz — 1765 r. IlyHKT'B 2-ft aioro^ 
njana ynoMHHaeTi, ?to ajssl o6y^eHifl nasefi noTpeCeHi „yqHTejiB 
0uAOco0iu^ MopajiH, ecTecTBeBHJiro h Hapo;i(Haro npasa. ^jia 
lyimaro jse ynpasHenifl MomHo Bce cie npenoj^aBaxB najiaTHH- 
CROMi flsUR'ib" ^). „n o6Hjie upej^MeTOBx, h apaBCTBeHHoe Ha6jiH)- 
^eBie cyn^ecTBOBaJH na 6yHar'£, bi nJiaeaxi n npoeBiax'B, a 
JAVh 6ujL0 wh AiftCTBHTejiEHOCTH, 8T0 — Apyrofl Bonpoci, H cyw 
no MHorHMi AaHHUMi, A'ificTBHTejiBHOCTb npe^ijCTaBJiflja Majio 
yTimHTejEBHaro^, sasjuo^aerB CyxoMJinHOBx. 

BTopofi nepio^^x o5pa80BaBifl Pa^Hii^eBa na^HHaeTCfl ci ncK 
CHJKH ero, B'B qHCJE']^ 12 APyi'BX'B MOJOAHxi JiH)Aefi ;^jifl o6pa- 
soBaHifl Bx Jlefini^HrcBifi yHHBepcHTeTi. 

MojOAUMi jriOAflMi npnxoABJOCB y^HTBCa npe o^chb csBep- 
Huxx ycjEOBiflxi), HeMi noApo6Ho pascsasHBaeT'B caMx Pa^H- 
meBx Bi „JKHTiH'' CBoero TOBapnma VuiaKoea, h qib no^^TBep- 
s;(eHo o4)^Bii;iajiBHiiMH AOByiieHTaMn. Ho pyccBie chjaqetu shjih, 
noBH;E^HMOMy, ^^pysHOio ceMBero, h HecMOxpfl na pasjiH^Hua yBje- 
Hesifl, Bxofim^eMX saHnMajmcB a^jom'b. CpeAB bexi oco6eHHB[M'B 
aBTOpHTeTOM'B nojiBBOBajiCfl no Ji'iTaM'B CTapmifi 6. B. ymaROBi, 
cjysKHBmifi en^e ao nocHJBH sarpaHHqy qHHOBHHBOM'B. Ohi 6po- 
CHj[i BEiro;^HyK) BappBepy pa^a HayBH h cbohmx HeocjaGHiiHi 
BayHHHMi pBeaieMx cjiyssHJi ^(jfl npo^axi (oco6eHHO, ajui Pa- 
j^Ho^eBa) npHMipoMi. YmaBOB'B BHiepecoBaJiCfl ^Hjroco^ieio h 
Bx aTOHi HanpaBjieHiH BJEiajix b'b qHCJii npo^nxi h ea Pa^H- 
n^eBa. 

B'B nepBiie ro;tBi, 1767 no 1769 r. pyccBie CTy^ienTH 
o6yqajiHCB: AOiuKfh h t. a- *). 

Bi» 1769 r. snaMeHHTOCTH JleSni^HrcBaro yHHBepcHxeTa, 



^) GyxoMJiBHOBi, CTp. 543—544. rocyAapcTseHHUfi ApxHBi XIV, 7k 21& 
*) TaMi Ke, crp. 546. 



— 60 — 

npo^eccopa FoMMeAh, BeMi n ^p. cociaQHJH n4aHi o6y?eaui 
pyccKHXi CTyAeHTOBX, pacnpe^^'J^jansdlt na 4 ceMecxpa, no He- 
Te^eniH Koxopiix'B cxy^^eHTu ;ioje«hh 6hah BOSBpaxHTBCH b:b 
oxe^ecxBO ^): 1) no nepsoiiy a Bxopony nynKxy HHCxpyRi^ifl 
HysHO HCxoJKOBaxB BCK) npaKmumcKyio ^UAOco0m. 

Repeal iVa ro;ia no ^pii8i^i namnxx cxy^enxoBx bx 
Jlefini^Hri) oxsuBajiHCB o6'b hx'b ycnd^xaxx xasHifB otfpasoH^B: 
^Bcb renepa^BHO ci yinsJieHieMi npHsnaioxcfl, ^xo bi xoib 
RopoxBoe BpeMfl OHH osasaiH BHaxnue ycntxn h ne ycxynasaxB 
Bi snaBin caMuicB x^i, Boxopiie H3AaBHa xanx o6ywH)TCfl. 
Oco6j[hbo JKe XBajiaxx n naxoAflxi oxideno ncBycnHMB: bo 
nepBHxi — cxapmaro YmaKoea^ a no homi i5f«o«a h Padunieea^ 
KoxopBie npeBBomjiB qaflnie cbohxi ynnxejiefi'' '). 

„HaMx npe^nHcano 6£iJio ynnxBca ^d^wh qacxAH'B ^hjo- 
CQ(l)iH npaBaMx, npucoBOKyna ki ohhmx yHenie HyaiHHXi> 
jiBBiBOBi.... H xaBx, Kor^a no o6n;eiiy msoJiBnoMy o6HBnoBeHiH) 
na'jaJiH naci yHHXB npeaK^e Bcero JiornKi, xo 0. B. (Yma- 
sob'b) HHxa^i Apuoeo ncEyccxBO mhcjihxb h ocnoBanie ({)hio- 
C0(|)iH C rpaeeaanda n, coo6pasaa nxx me'I^hih co MH'i&HiflKE 
CBoero yHHx.ejrfl, cxapajicfl oxHCRaxB ncxney bi cpeji,^ pasjiHHifl 



■^^ 



*) Cxp. 547. 

Ka2) 1768 r. (OyxoM.iHHOB'B, cxp. 547). 

^) Cxp. 64,05 B'B cXhtLi ymaKOBa» (T t. oct. co?. Pa^Hii^eBa). Apna^ 
L'art de penser h rpaeesauda Institntiones (cm. HHOse, cxp. 64). 



AHTyanx Apuo (1612 — 1694), aBTopi^ nexBepTHXi sospa^ 
senifi Ha ^esapTOBEi ^MeAHxai^iB*', cocxaBHj'B (BM'ficT'6 ch 
HiKOjeit'L) BOMneHAifi jloteke^ cjysHBmifl y^e6HHB0Mi hi F^rt 
j —Boyal. 

Antoine Arnauld poA- 6 ^esp. 1612 r. bi IlapHsi h 
tfiU'B CHHi a;i[BOBaTa, saotHiiiaBinaro bi 1594 r. bx napjiaMenT'i 
yHEBepcHTeTi} npoTHB'B iesyHTOB'B, Uox'B BjiaeieMi a65aTa 
Saint-Cyran, ;^HpeKTopa adCaxcTBa Port-Royal, AHxyaHi nomeji 
Be no H)pH;^nHecKoS, a no i^epKOBHOft BappBep']^. Hoo^^i 6orocjiOB- 
CKHxi nnyxifi AHTyaHi wh 1643 r. diiJii npHqncjeHi bi ^^OBTopam 
Cop6oHBii. Ho wb TOHi se roAy ero sHHra Fr^quente Com- 
munion, CBoeio cypoBOCTBK) npoTHBonojiaraBmaflCfl noc;ia6jiaK)iiie8 
xopajiH iesyHTOBi^ nasjeBJa na eero xaByio HenaBHCTb, ?to 
HecMOTpfl na nouep^sKy yHKBepcflTera, napjaMOHTa h qacxH 
xyxoBencxBa, ApBO npHnyjBjieH'B 6£ijr'L cbphtbca 6'i^rcTBOMi. Oh 
8Toro MOMenxa shshb Apno npoxesaexx bx 6opB6'£, b'b npecji'i- 
XOBaniH, Bi HBFHaHiH. Bi 1656 r. Cop6oHHa bi npoxHBHOCXB 

BCflBHMl 3aB0HHUMl ^OpMaill BUHepBHyja ero EM^ H8l CBOBXl 

cnHCBOBx sa noA^nepsHBanie flHCOHBCxcBnxi nojiosenifi. Ilepe- 
Mipie Moa^Ay napxiflMH bx 1668 r. AOCxaBBJo Apno h^cbojibbo 
lixx noBOfl. Ho yse bi 1679 r. npecJi'l^AOBanifl co cxoponir 
IlapHSCBaro apxieniCBona Frmicois de Harlay, jihhhiia onacesk 
JlyH XIY B cxporocxB npoxBB'b Hoppoflfljfl npsHy^^Bja Apno 
noBHHyTB poABHy. Owh HanpacHo HCBa.ii ce6i y^'fisonia v^ 
FeHT^, Bi 5pH>cce«ii, b*:^ AHTBepneai,. ho, necMOxpa hb npe- 
uoHHufi Bospacxi, tioj'fiBHH H onacHOCXL, npo^^ojisajii nHcaxB 



— 62 — 

H 6opoTbca. Oht. yMepx bx JIeotthx* 8 aerycia 1694 r.— 
Ha 83 ro;^y oti po^y. Ho HHCjry coHHoeeiB, no rjiyCHHi fiorocjOB- 
CBHxi nosHamfi, no TBep^nocTB xapasxepa h hvlctot^ HpaBOBi 
ApHO — o^Ha Hsi SB'j^sA'B raJiJiHRaHCEofi uepBBH; repofi AHceHHCMa, 
6e3CTpamHiifi upothbhuki iesyeTOB'B, Toqeut h cxporifi iincjin- 
TeJB, OET> Ee OTcrskJUi 6u oti cbohxi conepHHBOB'L n yqHxejieS— 
H Bi ^^Hjioco^lHy ecJiH 6bi ^^pvrifl 3a6oTu, saeflTifl h Hnafl 
($opb5a He nanojiHflJiH ero a^nsHb u ne homothjih dioxx nyse- 
CTBeHHufi pasyM'B (CTp. III). 

IIojiBoe co6paHie coHUHeHifl Apno Biimjo bi JIosaHfli, 
1775 — 1781 Bi 42 TOMaxi in 4®; Ki hhmx nyatno npHCoe^H- 
HHTB eme 2 TOMa Traite de la Perp^tuit^ de la Foi h 1 tom-b 
^BBHeonncaBifl aBTopa. 

„JIorHBa^ Apno, noaBBBmaacfl B'Bl662r., BOsnsBjra Bc;i'fi;i- 
CTBie Bsararo Apno na cedfl odasaTejibCTBa npe^CTaBHTb yqe6- 
Hufi BypcB jiorHBH Bx 3 pasa MeHbmee BpeHa, ?'£m'b 2 He;^^^, 
wh Te^enie BOTopuxB BaBoft-TO npenoj^aBaiejE nay^nji's JorHst 
oworo Hsx cofieciiHHBOB'b ApHO. BM-Scxi ci Nicole'wh ApHO 
npHHfljica 3a paCoxy h MeH'fee, ^iMx bi He^t^JiK), nocnijio «Hc- 
ByccTBO MHCJTHTb" ji^jisi MOJiojiioro repi^ora H. de Chevreuse. Ho 
CBHjtiTejtbCTBy PacHna (cip. XI, npHM.), les (2) discours h npnSaB- 
jrenifl npnea^tJiemaT'B Hbbojih), yqacTBOBaBmeMy n bx cocTaBJieniK 
nepBHXi qacTeS: IV nacTb — o uewjifk npHHa;i;jieffiHTx o;^HOMy 
Apno. 

$paHi^y3CEie ynenHe xaBx xapaBTepHsyroTx ^jrornEy** Apno 

H HflBOJIfl. 

JIorHBH IloppoSajifl bosoChobbjih JorHBy ApuCTOxeJifl e 
cxoJiacxBBH Cb BapxeaiancBot xo^bh sp'^nin. Hxx cjaBHoe 
npoflSBe^eHie bhoijio coBepmenno ^panuyscnuMh — no achocxe 
MucJiH, cxHJifl H sejianiK) tfuxb npiaxHHM'b. Rnnra Apno h He- 
BOJifl ne BSiflxa oxb npexpascyABOB'E; ona bi n^BoxopoMX CMiicji 
ecxb nojeMHqecBoe npoHBBeAenie. Ho hxx xpy^^x ocxaexca o6pa8- 
i^oifb npaBxnqecBaro pyBOBO^cxBa h npHnecB cboh) aojieo j^jul 



— 63 — 

ocB0(!>02BAeHifl Ayxa HOBaro BpeneHB. „ JIoreBa^ noppoBfljfl pacnpo- 
erpaHBia fb nytfjHsi XOStphhh Basna h ^enapTa. ^^JIorHRa 
ecTB HCByccTBO xopomo pyKOBOAHTB CBOHMi pasyMOMx BT> no- 
SHamH Ben^efi, OAHnaKOBO h m:o6u caMOMy Hay^BTBea, h ttoCh 
nay^HTB xpyrexi". Ona pas^'i^JifleTCfl na ctoibro se nacTeft, 
€K0JBKO ecTB onepaiufi xyxa: hei MOseHi noHHMaxB (concevoir), 
cywTB (juger), pascysj^CTB (raisonner) h pacnojiaraTB (or- 
donner). IIoaTOMy B'hJiOTBjeb n 4 qacxa: 1) o HAe']^, 2) o cyjK- 
AeniH, 3) od'B yM08aMK)9eHiH (raisonnement) n 4) onerox^ ^). 
Oeuvres philosophiqnes d'Arnauld CHJiHES^aHH crBBBe^e- 
Hiem H npeiriTOHiflMn C. Jourdain'eu'B, Par., 1843, h saBJio* 
MaK)rB Bx ce6j^: Objections contre les Meditations m^taphysi- 
HUBS de Ren6 Descartes 1 — 18, La logique m V art depenser, 
21—339 H Des yraies et des fansses id^es 347 — 531. 



^) Paul Janet et Gabriel Siatlles^ Histoire de la pMlosopliie. Les prabl^ 
mes et les 6cole8» tl I, III, uaBa III, cip. 527—528. 



^vo KacMTea xpyroro asropa, la OniUaume^Jacob S' 
Gramaainde^ rojuiaHxcKifi' MmniaiBKi b i^^iiiioeo^ft, poAvro^Bois- 
le^DuiQ. Bm 1868 r, yirep'B B^JIeftseBt bi 1742 r. Eaiei 19 Jiin 
OHTB HffjiMmi Essai siir la perspecthrev ero ox^eiat* o coBpeuBH^ 
HEa»<Bay<}HitxtB OT«pmiAxsfb\ h ^ejiMo^cfiia AKMi^lXKaqiiv > b'b Joanf* 
nal de la r^puUique dels lettres o5^dhj[h^ Ber Hero BHBiiaHieL: 
B% KsmecTB^ npo^eccopa npn JleSxeHCsoMx yHHBepcHTeT'l oh:b 
pacnpocTpaHfiJn H^eE Fajrajiefl h HioTOHa. PassHBafl aoBiie Me- 
TOf^hij H nponarae^^Hpyfl bx'b cbohhh achumh b yAo6onoHflTHHMH 
jeKi^iflMH, OHi BHoro cnocoCcTBOBajn ycn'ixaMi ^^asH^ecKHX'B 
HayKi. OoTHKa h ^HSEBa o^flsana Ces-rpaBesanAy 6oJBineMs 
mucjioui* ocxpoyHBiixib annapaxoB'B; eciB, nanp., bojibi^o (hoca- 
11(66 6ro BMfl b), A0Ba8£[BaK)ii;ee pacmapeHie TBep^Bixx T'bji% iioa% 
BjiflHieifB TenjOTii; no ero HAe'fi ycipoefli 6ujii> nepBufi reiio- 
CTaii; TO^BO Taase saMd^HaxejibHH ero coo6pas6Bifl o rBOMO* 
wnjni 3% CBflSE €% nepcnesTHBOfi. 

FjaBHiflmie Tpy^n FpaBesaBAa: Physices elementa mathe- 
matica experimentis confirmata, sive introductio ad philoso- 
phiam newtonianam (La Haye, 1720, 2 lOBa in 4^); eciB 
^paBi;. nepeBOA'B Jonoowfa 1737 r. CoKpameBie aioro 
TpyAa: Philosophiae newtonianae instUutiones (Jlefi^eHi, 1723). 
Introductio ad philosophiam, metaphysicam et logicam (leS- 
xes'By 1736); j^pani^. nep. ffioHBypa, l aMt g e, 17 3 7 . 

Ero Tpy^u 6ujliii co6paBH b BBAasH n 2 Tonaxi in 4^' 
Bi AitcTepiaMii Bx 1774 r,: Oeuvres pjtalosopjiiqueset matW- 



— 65 — 

matiques. ^HJioco^CEia sossp'^Hifl FpaBesaHjia Cujda saHiccTBO- 
BaHLi y JI^eRapia, JIefi6HHi^a, JIoREa h hochjeh aEJieRTH^ecRifi 
xapaBiepi. 

„CaMUMX nonyjiflpH£jMX npoj^ccopoMi bx JleSni^nri Chji 

Ummuepb^ qHTaBmifi glSuAOCO^m h j^nsiojioriK). Ohx HacxaHBajL'B 

Ha o6ii;eHiB nayRH cb acHSHiio, ex efl HacyncHHMH noTpe^HOCTflicH n 

Bi jieRitiflxx CBOHXx saTparBBaj'B con;iajibHHe Boapocn, no;i;Bepraji'B 

spHTHR*]^ cyn^ecTByioiicie saROHii h o6a^ecTBeHH£ie nopflARH, yRa- 

suBajx Boniion^yH) nenpaBjiy bi oxHOmeHiflX'L uemjiy 6'kjiEUuii 

H 6oraTiiM0, cuTUMH H roJEOABHMH H T. n. Ho B% npenoAaBaeiH 

IIjiaTHepa 6ujn> aecLMa BaarnHft He;^ocTaTOR^: oho ne OMH^a- 

jocb noc-ii/lOBaTejiLHOCTbH), a noTOMy h He npiynajio cjymaTe- 

jefi R-L CTporo-CHCieMaTHHecKOMy MHuiJieHiK)" ^). TaROBO cyaR;iieHie 

CyxoMJiHHOBa, B'ipoaTHO, OTKjj[.a.'Ji^6o saHHCTBOBaHHoe n ne co- 

BciM'L cnpaBewHBoe. JlnqnocTb IIjiaTHepa HacT)jifcRO sawi^a- 

lejiBHa, n ero npeno;^aBaHie nponsBejio TaRoe Bneqaxji'^J^Hie na 

Pa;^Hn^eBa (necoMHinHO, qio HMenno TIjiaTHepy, a ho ROMy ;^py- 

roMy oCasaHi PajinmeB'B ^peBOCxo;^HHM'B snanieMt ecxecxBeH- 

HHxx HayRx, RaRoe ohi o6HapyaKH.TB bx CBoeni Tpy;^4 „0 ^e- 

JOBiRi", RaRt H IIjiaTHepy ase otfaaaHX npnBEiqRofi rx (|)hjo- 

co(|>CROMy anajiHsy), qio Ha hcmx ctoht-b ocTanoBHTBca. 

Biorpa(|)iK) IIjiaTHepa, roBopHTx hctophrx niMei^Rofi ncH- 
xojiorin Max Dessoir (Dessauer), mokho H3o6pa3HTB Ropo^e, 
Hea:ejiH ero nojoffienie at HCxopiH ncHxojioriH ^). UjiaxHepx npo- 
TucxojuiJi'h HBx cxapofi Jieflni^HrcROfi npo(|)eccopCRO$ ceMbH, 
Ernst Plainer, MJaj^mift cuhx Johann Zacharias Matner'aj 
po;iHJica lliK)Ha 1744 bx Jlefini^Hri, yHHJca xaMx ate Me^JmBHi 



CTp. 549. 

^) Cip. 321 Bi Gescliichte der neueren dentschen Psychologie, n Aafl. 
1897, I Halbband. 



— 66 — 

ex 1762 r.; bi> 1766 CTajix ManiCTpoMx, bx 1767 r. Dr. med. 
H ;^o^eHTOM^, a bx 1770 nocjii ;^OJI^a^o Hayqearo nyTemecxBia 
no ^paDi^in h FepMaHlH aRCxpaopjc. npo$. Me^Bi^uHEi npn Jlefi- 
ni^HrcKOMt yHHPepcHTeTi. Bx 1780 r. nojiyinax opji. npo$. 
4)H3iojioriH, n bx 1790 r. CTaji nocTOflHHUM'B AeKaHOMx Me^n- 
nsHCEaro ^aRyjiLTeia nocTaBajrca b-b btomx sBaHie ;^o 1810 r., 
ROFAa OHX cjromHJt'L ci ce6fl ^teRaHaTX, coeAHHflBinifica Tor;(a co 
SBanieMx CTap^fimaro ^jrena ({)aRyj[BTeTa. JI^eRanaTi ciajri ne- 
pexo;^HTB Mear;iy ;^py^HMfl ijreHaMH, IIjraTHepx H:e y;iep»aji'B sa 
C06010 SBanie prof, primarius, (RaRoro hhrto ne HMtjn hh ;io, 
HH nocjii Hero) — ao cawofl CMepin 27 jieRafipa 1818 r. Ohx 
CTOiajdCa o^nHMx h3x JiyqraHX'B yHHrejieB ceoero Bpeweee. Ki 
C02^aji'i6HiK); ohx y^ep^ cyMacmej^niHM'B. 

Ero ecTecTBeHHonayHHHa pa6oTH b% ofijacxa ueji,mviiBU Ra- 
cajHCb, npeHMyn^ecTBeHHO, aHTponojioriH, (j)i!3ioJioriH, cvjieCHoft we- 
;^H^HHH; 9TH xpyAU, uo CoJiLineft, naciH, aRajieMnqeCRia npo- 
rpaMMH, co6paHH b% Opuscula academica edidit C, G. Neu- 
mann^ Brln, 1824 (rx neMy npHJi. nojiHLifl yKasaxejib coHBHeniB 
UiiaxHepa, BRarioHaa ero nepeBOjtH cb (|)paHii,y3CRaro), Quaesti- 
ones medicinae forensis (cxp. I — XLIII, Lpz. 1797 — 1817, 
H^Mei^Rifi nepeB. K, E. Hedrich, xaMx a^e 1820, nepensjiaHO 
Jjudw. Choulant^ xaMx ate, 1824, nojiji BarjaBiewx Quaestiones 
medico-forenses et medicinae studium octo semestribus desc- 
riptutn, Quaestionum physiologicarum libri duo, praeced. pro- 
oemium tripartit. de constituenda physiologiae disciplina, ib, 
1794 — Vermischte Aufsatze Ober med. Gegenstande, ib, 1796, 
— ^Vindiciarum sententiarum probabilium per systematis con- 
dendi festinationem de physiologia resectarum (I, Fermenta, 
II, Calidum innatum, III, Parenchyma, IV, Appetitus natura- 
lis— ib, 1791, 1792). h Supplementa in loh. Zach. Platneri 
Institutiones chirurgiae (P. I, Lpz, 1773, HiM. nep. 1776). 

HjiaTHepi nHcajH Wenck^ Oratio seciilaris, Lpz, 1810, 
cxp. 71, Denkmaler verdienstvoUer Deutscher des 18. b 19. 



— 67 — 

Jahrhunderts, 3 Bftndchen, Lpz, 1829, p. 57 (ct» nopTpeioMx), 
Meusd, VI, p. 117. Biogr. m6d., VI, p. 434. Diet. hist. Ill, 
p. 725. 

^HTaa BB,psijiY ^'^ 4)H3]OJ[orieio h ^HJOco^iK), lIjiaiBep'B o^^jfn- 
i^iajbHO cA^bJiajicfl aRCxpaopAnHapHUMi npo4)eccopoM'B ^Hwioco4|)is 
vh 1801 r., H CRopo nojiyqHJii no (j^ujioco^in Tasse op;^nHaTypy. 
Ho ero chjibi cxajiH cjaG'^xb, xaRi qxo yse bx 1809 r. can- 
coHCEoe npaBHTejiLCTBO BUHysj^eno 6ujlo npnrjiacHTL B^ 
Jle&ni^Qr'B j^pyroro npo^^eccopa 4>B'^oco^iH. 

FjiaBHUMi $HJOCO(J)CKHMi xpy^oM^ HjiaxHepa aBJiaiOTca ero 
Philosophische Aphorismen, cocxoamia hsi AByx^ TOCiefl: I. — 
jorHRa B Mexa4)H8HKa, II.— epaBCTBeHHaa 4^Hj!ioco(|)ia. 

,A$0pHCM0BX" BUfflJIO BT> CBixX 3 OqeHB OXJIflHaiOJUHXCa 

Apyrt oxi> ;ipyra Hs^aeia: I 1I3;^., I ^. — 1776, II q. — 1782; II 
B3;[., I q. 1784, II ^acTH ho buxoahjio; III h3;i., h. I. — 1793, 
2. II — 1800. Sai^Mx HBxepecHa h bsltkesl ero Anthropologic 
fur Aertzte und Weltweise, I H3a. 1772 — 1774. IlepepaCoxKa: 
Neue A. f. Ae. u. W. Mit besonderer RQcksicht auf Physio- 
logic, Pathologic, Moralphilosophie und Aesthetik (xojbKo) 
Erster Band. 1790. Bi 1783 r. noaBHJica Gesprach tlber den 
Atheismus, bx 1795 — Lehrbuch der Logik und Metaphysik. 
Hocjii ero CMcpxa Cbuh H3;iaHH Mor. Erdmann EngeVeiAT> 
Vorlesungen ttber Aesthetik, Zittau, 1836 Hsx ncnxojiorHqec- 
KHxt paCoTX MSBicxHu: Progr. II de vi corporis in memoria, 
1767, Progr. anima quo sensu crescere dicitur. Lips., 1768, 
Progr. de natura animi quoad physiologiam etc, 1790, Progr., an 
ridiculum sit, animi sedem inquirere, 1795 h x. n. 

4>Hjioco4)iH HjiaxHepa nHcaji-B cnei^iaJiBHo Arthur Wre- 
schner^ Ernst Platners und Kants Erkenntnisstheorie mit be- 
sonderer BerOcksichtigung von Tetens und Aenesidemus^ Halle, 
1891 (ero ate cxaxbH bx Zeitschrift ftlr Philosophic und philo- 
sophische Kritik), xaK»e H3BicxHKiS Seinze^ Ernst Platner als 
Oegner Kants, Lpz, 1880 h yxc ynoManyxHfi Jleccayepz, 9xh 



— 68 — 

TpjAH AOBOJibHO xopomo ocB^THJiH SHa^eHie A^flxejiBHocTH njiax- 
Hepa, saB'B o;^Horo nsi 3aM']^?aTeJB^'iSmHX'B coBpeMeHHHBOBi b 

BpHTHBOB'B KaHXa. 

^HJOCO^CRoe BanpaBJieHie n^taxHepa ^) ecxB CBenxHiiHcii'B, 
Haxo;inBmifi ce6'& xo^bh conpHBOCHOBenifl cnaqaja (^o 1781 r.) 
cb BOBsptsiflMH JleUOnuua^ a nosAH'&e Kauma. B% o6jiacxH 8thke 
OHX, saB'B H 6oj[BinHHCXBo dBJieBXHBOB'B-MopajrHCxoB'B B'b nepiOA'B 
„npocBiiii;eHifl^, ^epsaiicfl dBAeifOHHCiia, noxoHi noABeprca Biia- 
b\k> BaHxoBuxi BOsspiniS. dxnqecBie BsriflAii IIjiaxHepa xasoBU. 
^ejiOB'^B'B o6j[aAaex'B HpaBCXBeHHEiMH cnocodnocxflMH: OH'ib j^aion 
eny se xojibeo npeAnacBiBaxB ce6'& HpaBCXBeHHufi saBOH'B, na 
H yj^OBJiexBopaxB eiiy, pasp'imafl cnopi MesAy ^yBCXBeHHociBio 
H xpe6oBaHiHMH HpaBCXBeHHOCXH B'B nojiBsy nocji%;^HHX'B. Odies- 
XHBHUM'B HasHaqeHieMi nejiOBtBa CJiysHxi: noMoraxB 6j[arono- 
jy^iH) (Glflckseligkeit) Mipa; qejiOBiK'B bhojih* Moaex'B jiocxer- 
HyxB Bxoro, ecja ocxanexca BtpHKiM'B CBoeny cyeieBXHSHOMy 
HasHaqeniK): cxaxB hcxhhho Ao6po;^']^xejiBHBiM'B. 

Hbx HayBT. xeopexH^ecEofi (|)MOCO$iH UjiaxHepx c^Hia- 
exx ^) caMOK) BaacHOio — Mema^u3UKy\ ho apeaiAe Bcero Hajto6Ha 
saHHMaxBCfl AoiUKoWj iioji,% BOxopoK) OH'B noHHMaexi xoqHoe ncH- 
xojiorH^ecBoe h BpHXH^ecBoe viSCJi'kjs.OBmie Bcefi qejoB'i^HecEoS 
cnoco6HOCXH nosHaeifl: cjoaa m,e BXOAflxi Bci asc^'hjiOBmis o6^ 
on^ynieHiH, npejtcxaBJieHiH, BHBMamH h x. a* 3a%cb mbi qacxo 
BCxp^qaeMCfl ci npeo6pa30BaHieM'B jtosxpnH'B Bojihijfa,, Annep- 
i],eni:^ifl odiacHflexcfl 4 j^aExopaMH, BasoBH: Bne^axji'ikHie bi 
opraH* AyfflH (x. e. bx Mosry), BocnpHHHManie (das Auffassen) 
ero H npeBpamenie bx ofipasx (Bild), npHSHanie (Anerkennen) 
nepesx oxHeceeie BOcnpHHaxaro bx EaROMy-jHGo noHaxiro h co* 
SHanie npe^^nexa h npe;(CxaBJiflK)ii(aro cy^xeRxa. IIoHflTie cosusl- 



*) D e s 8 i r, cip. 224. 
*) XaMi ae, erp. 225. 



— 69 — 

m HB^;^'b He mcjiijiyerca, BHimHifl npe^^Meii. KaKSn ^aeix 
T0JI9OKX KOHi^y Hepea (^BHiuiHee BneqaTjiinie") h npHBOAHTt 
TtMt Bx ;^BHaBeHie den Nervengeist (TOHKyEO HepBHyio Maxepiio); 
nocji'bAHflfl, ;iocTKirafl Mosra, n coo6ii^afl ABHrneeie ero HepBHoS 
MaiepiH („BTopoe ABff»eHie"), nponsBo^iHT'L „BHyTpeHHee Bne- 
^aij-feHie" (Eindruck), Koxopoe BocnpnHHMaeTca jijmeio npn no- 
mwfl BHHMaHifl. PascyxoKi (Verstand) npHSHa^T'B npe^^ciaBjie- 
Hifl no Hxi npnsHaRaM'b, apasynx (Vernunft;) BEiA^jrfleT'B (aus- 
kennt) noHATia, cy;(BT'B h yMOsaKuHo^aeTi, y61&mjiB,en> e cou- 
HieaeTCfl. IIjiaTHepi qacxo n noApo6Ho H3o6paaiaji'B pasApaacenie 
^yBCTBi npe^MeTaMH, ho BCflKiii pasx nsM'i&HflJE'L cboa mh^hIa. 
Ona^aja simulacra, HacToaaiifl Ronin BH'imHHX'B npe^MeTOBi^, 
HOM^H^aiOTCfl HifB Bi ceiitrum ovale. IIotomi oh'b ysRe cam 
^^qHTajfB (|)H3H^ecKH HeB03iir02SHiiiM'B, HTo6u ,, MaxepiajibHiiH ^jievL 
naMflTH 6UJLVI ^Hrypaiie h oGpasaMH vh cy6cTaHi](iH Mosra". Ho 

BIciCTi Cl T'ikM'B OHX BCOTaBH TOBOpHTl 061 HX^B ^HanpaBJe- 

HiflX'B'': ecjiH nanpasjieHifl npoTBBonojiosRHH, to axo ab o6o3Ha- 
eii B'i fl;yffl4 (seelisch) npoTHBopi^ie. 

B-h o6jtacTfl ncHxoJioriH IIjiaTHepi Boodn^e npH^^aBajE'B 6oj[l- 
moe BHa^enife homoh^h Me^Hi^HHii h 4>B3ioJioriH; bt^ ncHXO^ioriH 
OHi npHqHCjirflJii> xaKme JorHRy, acTexHRy h ^^ase doJiBmyio <iacTB 

9THRH ^). 

nepeM'&HIHBOCTB Bl ^^HJIOCO^CRHXl BOBSp'l^HiflX'b IIj ITHepa 

otfiflCHflexcfl Mory^HMi ea Hero BOSA^ficxBieMt KaHxa, co^Hne- 
Hifl Roero 6hjih a<ia nero, RaRi ohi roBopHxi Stoff zum Nach- 
denken und Reiz zum Widerspruch, Ho HjaxHepa nejibsa chh- 
xaxL RaHX0Bi](eM% ^): oh'b Bcer^a oxHOCHJicfl ri Eanxy ci RpH- 
XHROH) H cxapajicfl coxpaHHTb caMOCxoflxejBHoe no oxHomeniH) 
R'B HOMy HOJtoaceHie. EpoM'ib ,,RpHXHRn ^scxaro paBy^ia", Ha 



») Dessoir, 226—227. 
*) Wreschner, 6. 



— 70 — 

IIjaTHepa noBJiiaJW Philosophische Versuche Tetens'a h Aene- 
sidemus G. E. Schulze ^). 

6i noxBajik IIJiaTHepy cxo;(flTCfl rphthbh h scTopjiKH pas- 
jHHBMXx anox'B n HanpaBjeaifi. SBaMeHBTnfi EyAe HasuBaer'^ 
IIjiaTHepa ocTpoyMHiflniHM'B (geistvollsten) h yqeeiSinHMi bss 
HOBtflmHxi 4^Hj[oco<{)OB'B H npHnHdrBaeTi eMy sacjryry ycoBep- 
meHCTBOBaHifl ncHxojiorin h aHTponojoriH nyreMi npHM^HeBifl 
aHaTdifiH h aHTponojioriH. Epyiz BixciaBJifleTi na bhai rpoMajinoe 
BjriflBie ero 4>h Joco j^crhxi jeRi^ifl h co^HHemS, KOTopuMn owh ope- 
Hecx 6ojrBme nojiBsii ^^jra Bsy^eHiflij^HJOCO^^iH, h^mi kto-jih6o jcpyroS 
HS'B 4>B*30Coj^OB'B. Beinhold o^eHB qacTO HMiexx b'b BHAy era 
co^BHeHifl. CoBpeMeHHHe pei^eHseHTBi c^BTajTH „A$opHCM£i^ uac- 
CH^ecBHifi npoBSBejceBieM'B ^BejiBBaro h MHoroo6'i>eMJ[H)iiiaro re- 
Hifl IIjiaTHepa^ ^). HaBOHe^'B, FeiiHW BuxBajifleT'B IIjiaTHepa sa 
ero rj[y6oBifl nosHaHia bi> ecTecTB0Bt;^'6BiB b sa caMOCTOflieib- 
Hoe HsyqeHie jipeBHOCTH, ;tpeBHefi h hoboS (J^hjoco^ib n M'^xsyK) 
ncBXOJiorHqecKyK) Ha6;iH)AaTej[BB0CTb. 

RaBOsa fiBiJia jh^hoctb IIjraTHepa, n BaBoe oh-b npoBseo- 
iHJix BneqaTJiiHie, MomeMi mh cy^iHTB no ;[paroi^'6BHOMy cbb- 
jt-fexejEBCTBy naniero „pyccEaro nyTeraecTBeHHHRa" R. M. KapaM- 

3UUa, BOTOpuB COXpaHHJI'B B'B CBOHXX ^IlHCBMaX'B^ BOCOOMBfla- 

Hie njiaTHepi. By^yHH bi Jefinaari, ohx ee npeMHHyj'L nocfeTHTB 
rjraBHyH) TaicornHfoio yqeeyio SHaiieHBTOCTB. IIj[aTHep'B npHHfljfB era 
o?eHB jiH)6e3i v BBejrx ero wb cboB spyra SHaBOMUX'B. RapaMSHBi, 
qBTasmifi ero Tpy^ti, apocjymaji'B ero oreEuiH). IIJiaTHep'B xopoma 
noMenjn cbohxx cnocoGnBix'B pyccBHX'B yqeHHsoBi, oco6jib60, Bh 
dutt^ea n RyTysoBa; oh'b ciapajicfl h RapaicenHa j6'kmTh nocj'^ia- 
eaTB HX'B npBM^py n ocHOBaTBC£ Ha Hi^soTopoe BpeMs b'b JleHmiflrk 



*) TaMi Ke, 4. 
^) Wreschner, 1—2. 



— 71 — 

^M HayHHux'L niTyiift. HpaBe^teMx jirofioniiTHHe paaCKasu Ka- 
paBi3HHa, niHTHpyji bxb no MajeHBROMy H3;^aHiH) Gyeopuua b'b 

Hhkto us-h Jlefini^HrCRHXx y^enuxx laR'B He cjiaeeH'B, BaKX 
jiOKTop'h njiaxHepi, 3sj[eRTH?ecBofi $hjioco^i, KOTopuB nmeT'h 

QCT0HEI BO BCi^Xl CHCTeMaXl, HO npHBflSUBaflCB 0C06eHH0 HH R'B 
OAHOfi HS'B HHXX: ROTOpBiB, Hanp., BB HH0M*B COl'JiaCeH'B CB KaH- 
TOMl, BX HHOMT* CX JleilCnHneMl., H.1H npOTHBOp^HHTX o60HM'B. 

Oh'b yMtex'B nncaTB acho, h rto xota h'^crojibro seaROMi cb 
JIorHRoio H MeTa(|)H3HR0H), TOT'B jievKO MOffiexx noEHMaxb ero. 
„A(f)opH3MH" IIjraTHepoBEi aecBMa yBaaaiOTca, e qejOBiRv, xo- 
TflmeMy nycxHTBca bi JiafinpHHT'B (J)HJ!roco4>CRHX^ CHCieMi, mo- 
ryTX OHH cjiyffiHTB ApiaAHHHofl hhtbk). Mn'fe xot^jiocb ero BH;i;fiTB, h 
OT-B r. BeRa nomejix a ri HeMy(15iF0Jifl 1789r.) OHxacHBeiisa 
ropo;iOM'B B'B caJ^y. Bi a-uei BCipiTHJiacB mh4 MOJio^afl atena ero, 
BeficeeBa ao^b, h CRasajia, ^to ^ocao;^HH'B JIjoRxopB AOMa. Mh- 
HyxH Hepesi ab4 aBBJica ohx caMi — beicorIB, cyxomaBBifi qejro- 

BiR'B JliXTb 3a COpORX, Ch OCXpUMH TJasaMH, CB yHeHOIO MHHOK) 

H ex BejiE^aBOK) ocaHROK). „S yase cjBimajix 061 BacB oxx F. 
Kjieficxa'' CRasaJix ohx hbbc.i'b Mena bx cboB BafiaHexi. ^Ffpa- 
3HaK)CB BaMB, ^xo fl xettcpB BaHflTB", npoiojiataji'B OH'B: ^Mnina- 
w6ho HHcaxB DHCBMa, BaBxpa, B'B 9X0XB gacB, nponiy BacB R'B 
ce6i" H npo^. SI nBBHeajEca, qxo npunieJi'B ne bo BpeMs, h 
RjaHfljica, no^BHraacB R'B ;^BepaMB. 

^KaRoB, HJiH RaRHMx HayRaMi bu oco6eHHO ce6a nocBa- 

XHJIH?" CnpOCHJ'B OHX. 

„H3ain,euM'B", oxB'fe^aji'B a, h j^aKpacH'fejica.-— Bnaro, ox's 
qero, — Moatex'B 6hxb h bh, ^py3Ba moh, Bnaexe (cxp. 115). 

Hbih4 (iioja 16) noyxpy cjiHinaJx a Scxexa^ecRyK) jeRii,iH) 
Jl,oRxopa njaxHepa. 

BcxexHKa ecxB nayRa BRyca. Ona xpaRxyexB qyBCXBeH- 
HOMX nosnaHiH dOo6iii.e. BayMrapxeni nepBuB npeMomerji'B ee 
RaRi oco6jiHByK), ox;^•feJreHHyH) oxx jipyrax'B nayRy, Roxopaa — 



— 72 — 

ocTaBJMa JIorHKi oCpaBOBanie bhchihxx cnocofiHOCxefi jiyma 
Hamefl, t. e. pasyna h pascy^Ka — saHHMaexca HcnpaBJieHieM'B 
qyBCTBi H Bcero HysCTBeHHaro. t, e. BOoCpaateHia cb ero ;tiS- 
CTBiaMH. 0;iHHMT» cjioBOMt, acTexHKa yHHTx Hacjiaat^aTBca Hsam- 

lIpeBejHEaa sajia gujia HanojAena cjiymaxejiaMif, xaEi 
^xo He^;^'fe 6bijio ynacxB a6jioKy. fl^jojaten^ Chjx ocxanoBHXbca 
Bx ^liBepax-B, HjaxHepi* roBopnjix yate na Kaee^ipt. Bee MOJ^ajo 
H cjymajio. HHsaKofi mopox'B ee M^maji'B rojiocy F. JI^ORXopa 
pacnpocxpaeaxBca bi 3aji%. S dujix ;^ajieBo oti Hero, oj^Haso 
me He npopoHHJ[i> hh oahofo cjOBa. Oh'b roBopHJi'B o BejiEBOMi 

Jljxi HJIH FeHiH. 

FeniB, CKasajt'L ohi, He Moa^exx sanHMaxbca hh^'J^mx^ BpoMi^ 
Basnaro n BeiHKaro, BpoM']^ Haxypu h qejOB'iBa bx i^^jiomi. 
H xaBx ^Hjocoj^ia, bi> Buco^afimeMX cmbicjI']^ cero cjroBa, ecxb 
ero HayKa. Ohi moa&ex'B HHOrj^a saHHuaxBca n ;(pyrHMH HayBa- 
mh, HO xojiBBO Bcer^a bi oxHomeHin bi cefi; HM^exx oco6j[HByK) 
cnoco6HOCXB naxoj^HXB coBpoBennBia cxoj^cxBa, anaJoriH), xafinna 
corjiacia bx Ben^axx, h ^acxo bh^^hxi CBasB xaifx, ta^ oShbho- 
BesHBifi ^eJ^OB'bK'b HHBaRofi ne bh^hxi; h noxony nejOB'^sy, bo- 
xoparo Bsopx npocxapaexca ne jiajieBO, sasexca 6e3A']^j[B0H). 
Jlefi^HHi^'B, BejTHBifi JlendHHi^'B, npoixaix bck) FepManiH) h 
HxaJiiH), puJica bo bcIxx apxHsaxx, bx hujih h bi rnnjiH mojbk> 
BCxo^eHHuxi 6yMarx, ^Jia xoro, hxoCu co6paxB MaxepiajBi ;(jia 
Hcxopin — BpaynniBeftrcBaro ,3ioMy! Ho nponni^axejBHHfi JIeft6HH^'B 
BHA^Jix CBasB cefi Hcxopin ex hhhmh npeAMexaHtf, BasniiMH jljie 
qejiOBliqeexea BOo6me. — 

HaBOHei](i BO BCbxx A'i^axx xasoro Hej[OB']&Ba BH^eHx 
oeo6jieB£ifi ^yxx peBHoexH, Boxopsifi, xasx cBasaxB, osEBJiaexx 
Hxx H oxjB^aexx oxx a'^jx JiEO^efi oGuBHOBenHuxx. Si BaMX 
nocxaBJEH) Bx npHM'j^px $paHBJiHHa, He BaBx y^OHaro, ho sasx 
HojiHXHBa. BH/^a ocBopGjiaeMEia npaBa ^ejOB'i^qecxBa, ex BaBHHX 
sapoHx 6epexca oqx 6uTh ero xo;i[axacMx! Cx cefi MHHyxii ne- 
pecxaexx sbhxb ;(jia ce6Hj h bx oCn^eMx 6jiari 8a6£iBaexx eBoe 



— 73 — 

nacTHoe. Cx KaKHMi peeHieMX bhjihm'l ero xcKymaro kx CBoefi 
fie.iHKofi n'kjLn, KOTopaa ecxB Cjiaro 'leJiOB'iqecTBa! — Cefl ate jiyxx 
peBHOCTH oatHBjraexx h OTJiBHaexx coHHHenia sejiHKHXx FemeBX. 
Ectb;ih-6h moslho 6ujio HBBJieqB ero, sa npoM., m^h Menjiejib- 

SOHOBUXT) $HJ[0C04)HqeCRE[X'B ITHCeMl), HJEH lepysaJieMOBOit RHHrH 

PejiHriH, TO bi nepBiixx ociajioci) 6h o;tHO cxojacxH'iecKoe 

uyj^poBaeie, a bo Bxopofi oCuRHOBeHHEie ^orMaxii Teojiorin; eo 

ojiymeBjfleMiifl CHifB orneMi, BOSBumaBox'B oh% Ayniy qexaxejia. — 

njaxnepi roBopaxx xasi cbo6o;iho, EaRi-6H b'b CBoeni Ra6Q- 

I EOT'I, H oqeHb npiflXHO. Bc%, crojibro a Mori bha'^^xb, cjymajiQ 

j €'B BejiHRHM'B BHHManieM'L. CRasuBaioxT), Hxo Jlefiai^arcRie Cxy- 

I iteHTH HHRoro HBi npo^^eccopoBi xaRx se Jiio6siTi> u He no^H- 

I Taioxx, RaRx. ero. — Korjia ohx coraejn ci RaeeApti, xo eny, 

KaKx IJapK), ;^aJH npocxopHyro Aopory ;^o caMtixx ;iBepeft, ^Sl 

[ BHRaRX He ;i;yMajix sacB djAch yBH;^'fexB** — CRasaji^ obi> mh* — „a 

ecTBj[H-6H SEBJiiij Hxo BM do^a HpH^exe, xo Beji'hjn>'6u npnroxo- 

BHTB ;^J[fl Bacx» Micxo". Ohx npnrjiacHJix Mena r-b ce64 nocjii 

o6ijia, ii cRasajii, ^xo xonexx ymnnaxB co mhok) bi xaROMi 

Mtcxi, FA* a yBHaty HiRoxopHXx HHxepecHHxt Jiiojtefi (cxp. 

117—120). 

lH)ja 16-roRapaM3HHx bi HasBaqeHBufi qaci npHiueJx rx 
Iljaxnepy. „Bjbi, ROHe^HO, nosHBexe ci HaMH** , CRasaJii ohx, noca* 
^BBi Mena. — ^HicRo^iBROjlHeft*, oxBi^ajiia. — ^Tojibro? Aajjy- 
uajXj^xo Bu npitxajiH no.4bdo^ambc/i AeHmmvo^'h. S^'iniHie y^ienue 
€09 JH 6a sa yAOBOJBCXBie cnoco6cxBOBaxB BamHMx ycnixaMi b^ 
HayRaxx. Bii en^e mojtoau, h snaexe Hi^neniRoB asEiRi. Bm^cto 
Toro, ht*o6h nepeisataxB hbx ropo^a bx ropoA^, Jiy^nie BaMX 
noHCBXB Bi xaROMi H'&cx'l, RaRi Jlefioi^Hrx^ Tjifb itfHorie ns'b 
' Bamnxi eAHHOseMi^eBi HCRaJiH npocBtn^enia, n na^^iocB, ne 
xmexHo". — „il noTCJi 6u sa ocofijrHBoe macxie 6hxb BarnHMx 
yqcHHROMi, r. ^ORxopx, HO oficxoaxejiBCxsa, oCcxoaxejiBCxsa"... 
^H xaRX MH*]^ ocxaexca araJi'i^xB, ecxBjrn ohh He nosBOJiaEOX'B Ban's 
fia cefi pasx ocxaxBca (tb naMH*'. 



— 74 — 
Ohx noMHHT'B K(yTy30Ba), P(aAHmeBa) h ^ipyraxx pyccMx-B 

BOTOpue 3A']^Cb yHHJTHCb. „Bci OHH 6uJIH MOHMH y?eHBBaMH'^, 

CBasaji'B OHi, „TOJiBKO a 6hjii TO^;^a eme He to, wo lenepB".— 

„IIo Kpafinefi M'lp']^ Bamn „A({)opei3Mu^ en^e Ee6ujiE HsjcaHu^.... 

H BT. caMyK) Ty MBHyxy, kb,kt> a, ynoMSHyBi 061 „A$o- 

pHSBiaX'B^y XOT'ij'B npOCHTB y Hero O^XaCHeHiH Ha H'^BOTOpHfi 
M^CXa HB'B HEXX, npHHUH K'h HeMy CI yHHBepCHTeTCBHMH ^i' 

jaMH. Ohx OTnpaBjraex'B jiOATREOCTh PeKiopa ^). — Y Mena neMHoro 
CBo6o;[Haro BpeneHH^, CBasaji'B oh'b, „o;^HaBoacL bu aojishq 
HJBiH'6 CO MHOio ysHHaxB. 6x BOCOMB qacoBx BOJiHTe ce6a npo- 
boahtb b% TpaKTapx rojfy6o%o AHrejua** (cxp. 121 — 122). 

B'B aiOMi TpaBTHp'6 „H36paHHiie JlefinniHrcBie y^eHHe 
yacHHajrn BM'ficTt oahbt. pasi B'B ne^'^JiH) h npoBO^^HJin Be^ep'B 
Bi npiaiHHX'B pasroBopaxi* (cip. 1^4). 

Bx 8 HacoBi Be^epa KapaMSHHi aBHJca na yxHHx, vi^ 
ILiaiHepx opej^CTaBHJEx ero ynenoa 6paTiH (cxp. 122). ^Ujax- 
nep'B sa ymeHOMx larpajx nepByio pojiB, xoecxBonx ynpaBjais 
pasroBopoMx. Ecjih Boo6ii;e cnpaBej^JiHBO yKopaioxx H'j^uei^BHX'B 
yqeHBixi H'^BoxopoH) HeJOBBOCXBK) o6paiii.eHia, xo, no BpafiHeit 
Mtpt, ^lOEXopx njaxHepx (h, KoneiHo, BMicx'h cb MHorHWH 
;[pyrHMH) AOJimQWh 6£ij[i HCBJH)HeHx esx cero qacja. Ohx caMufi 
CBtxcKifi qejiOBtRx: jnoCHXi h yM^exx roBopnxB; roBopnii 
CM*Jio, AJiSi xoro, qxo BHaexx cboh) D;4Hy (cxp. 123). 

lK);ia 19 nepeii ox'Btsj^OMi nsi Jlefim^era KapaMSBU'B 
nojiyq0jiT» oxi» IIjaxBepa sauHcsy, ^bi Boxopofi HSxaBJiaexi oh'b 
CBoe ffiejanie, hxo6bi a K0^;^a-HH6y;^B hotrhjix B'B jreflm^Hri 
;io.i'6e H no;naJi'B CMy cjry^afi aacAyo/cumh moid 64atodapHOcmb 
(cxp. 132). 



M JeKaHa Me;^H^HHCKa^o (faKyjiBTeTa (cm. BHine, crp. 66). 



KpoM'6 IIJiaTHepa, o6oraii^aBinaro yM'B ncTopnEO-(]^BjiOJorB?e- 
CBHMH H ecTecTBeHDOHayHHUMer CBi^i^HiflMn, n ^^asaBinaro Jiornne- 
CKyio BHopaBKy, ypyccKHXi CTyACHTOB'B saBeJcaemeoj^HH'B „BJia- 
CTHTejiB A^wh^ — reAhoeuiii. conHHeHin FejiBBei^ia De Tesprit 
H 06^ ero OTHoraeHia k'b Tpy;ty Pa^^ameBa (KOTopHfi b^ sna- 
HHTejTBHOft cxeneHH aBjaeica ero onpoBepateHieMx) SyAerB 
y nacx p'^Hb HHsse. Cx rejiBBeii.ieM'L nosHaBOMHJi'B eaniHX'B 
CTyj^eHTOBi npoismiH pyccsifi BejiBMoaca. HacEojLBO FejiBBei^ifi 
6iijn> B% iio^i cpe;^H pyccKofi SHaxH, ^^oBasuBaei'L CTaxBfl A. Pa- 
HUHcnaw: „PyccKie i^iHHTejH FejiBBei^ia bx XVIII siK*" (nojco- 
syMeHxaMx MocKOBCBaro FjiaBHaro ApxHBa MHHHCxepcTBa hho- 
cxpaHHuxi ]ijbJL'h) ^). OfiasBiBaexca, ?xo camufi pisBiS (nocicepx- 
HKift) xpyjtt Fej[BBen;ifl De THomme, de ses facult^s intellectu- 
elles et de son Education noaBHjica bx CBtxx, 6jraro;tapa cxa- 
paeiaM'B ^Byxx SBaxHBix'B pyccKHxx, Bnasefi Fojinii.HHUx'B: BHi^e- 
Baei^Jiepa HMnepaxpnmi EBaxepHHU II h nocjiaHHHBa ea m> 
Faart, ^m. AjieKcaHApoBnqa *). Co^HHeHie ;ca;Ke npeAnojara-ia 
nocBflXHXB HMnepaxpHi^'i. 

PajUHn^eB'B pascRasBiBaex'B CBoeni nepBOM'B 3HaB0MCXB'& 
CB FejBBei^icM'B xaKx: 

„H'6kxo (hmh ero yxaro, w6h HenpoHSBecxa bx jmujb era 



^) P^ccEii BtcTHHKi. sa 1876 r., i. 123, Maft, cip. 283—302. 
») Cip. 296. 



— 76 — 

EpacRB CTu^a, H.in Cji^aeocth pacBaflHia), h'£rto bt. npoisjix 
CBO& npes'B JlefinniHr'B OBasBisaji'B OTJie^Hoe yBameHie ri Oeiopy 
BacHJBeBHHy {YviaKoey) h xoTtji CHHCRaiL ero ;^pyat6y" ^). 
IIpHSHaTBCfl Ha^^jearnTi, qTo6... npHcyTCTBieicf* CBoaifB nnb JleS- 
nuHfJk H o6xoasAeHieMi» cboumi cb HaMH B036y;^Hj[i RaR'B b'b 6. 
Bac-^i, TaRi H BO bc^xb Haci Be^HRoe SKejame r'b ^TeniH), 
^9kWh HaMx CJiyiafi ysHaiL Rnary FeAheeuieey o PaayMTb. G... 
TOJTHRoe npscTpacTie Bifj^jix ri ceny co^HHeHiio, ?to noqHTaji'B 
ero Bume Bcix^ ;^pyrHXx; na Apyrexx, Moasex'B Chtb, h He 
BHajB. Ho ero coBixy 0. B. n mu sa hhmi uumcuu ciiokeevj, 
HHTaJH CO enuMauieMZj a bx ohoB jut^^c^e^m^ uayuaAUCH. JlecTsa 
BCflROMy co^HHETeJiH) HOXBajia HHor^^a H hob^slah, ho PeMeeuiU, so- 
HeHHO, paBHo;tyfflHO ee He npHHaj'B, yseaBX, hto n.'fejoe o6me- 
CTBO lOHomefl bi ero co^HHeHiH mhcjihtb yqujoca ^). Bx ceMi> 
OTHomeHin coinHenie ero He MajyK) MosReT'B Bcer^^a hphhochtb 
nojibsy » . 



^) XHTie ymaEOBa, ?. I, CTp. 58 (Co6p. oct. co^. PaAemeBa, ^. V). 

^) r. r p H M i, Bi 6nTH0CTB CBOH) B'B JleftiiUHri, HBB^meH'B Cyjij^n, Ch 
saKHH!B npHJiexaHieMi mh ^HTaiiH FejiBBei^ieBy KHHry o Pasyxft, no Bosspa- 
meHiH CBoeMi B'B EapHXi cKasHBaJDEB ceH'b rejTBBei^iH) (DpHM. PaAHmeBa, 
CTp. 60—61). 



nepexojiHM'B B'B HSJio^KeHiH) co^ep^KaHifl Tpy;i;a Pa^Hii^eBa, 
KOTopoe cjttjiaHO y nacB ;^obojibho ^o;^po6HUM'B b-b bh^j xoro, 
wo 8T0 co^HHCHie noHTBT coBepmeHHO HeHSsiCTHo Bi jHxepa- 
Typ'l, a caiioe Hs^^aeie HpesBiinafiHo p'l;(Bo. Xota sdUK'h Paj^H- 
n^eea BeJBSfl He npesflaTB ycTap'b^iBtM'B, ho mbi yMiinueHHO CTa- 

paJHCB, no BOSMOaSHOCTH^ COXpaHHTB 0C06eHH0CTH CTHJIfl, AB,6lil ;^aTB 

o5pa8qHB'B ({)HJioco^CBaro cjiora pyccsHXi kevltt> XYIII b. h bi 
HacTHocTH CTHjfl caMOFo Pa^^HH^eBa, ROTopoM'B rocno;^CTByioT'B 
pa3HOo6pa3HE[fl MH']&Hifl ^). KpoM% Toro, MBi nonyTHO cxapajiHCB 
OTMiqaTB (jiJisi HCTOpHKOBx JiHTepaiypH) Bce J^ocTO^pHM'6^aTeJlB- 
Hoe Bx ero coHEHeniH no^acTH ceHTHMeHiajEBHaro nanpaBJieHiay 

COBpeMCHHHX'B eUJ JHXepaTypHHX'B BEyCOBl H X. A. 



CyxoMJiHHOB'fc, cTp. 659, 660. 



K H H r a I. 

rjaBBUM'B MOTHBOMi £1 HanncasiK) coHnHeHifl nocJiysHJio 
„Heqaaenoe nepecejieeie" (t. e. nonpociy — ccHJiKa) b-b cipany 
OT^ajieHHyH), pasjiyqnBmee PajniiiiieBa ci ero ^BosjiiofijeHHiiMH^ q 
js,a,7Sie noHTH OTHHBmee uBijiemjiY Ror^a-JiHOo BHA'i^TBCfl ci bbmb. 
9to oOpaTHja ero mhcjib Ha to cocTosHie, bi KOTopoMx nejio- 
BiKi Sy^eT-B HJiH MoaeTx Haxo^flTca no CMepxa, Kor;ia paspy- 
uiHTca ero cociaBB, npepBexca atnsflb h qyBCTBOBaHie. Heca 

CBOK) MHCJIB BB HeBt^OMyK) CTpaHy, aBTOpB XOHOTB yJOBHTB, 

nycKafi neacHOCTb h Heo^eBH^^HocTb, ho xoTa tokmo e^HHyH) bo3- 

M02KH0CTB, ^TO H'^KOF^a OaRH 06jI06u3aeT'B CBOHXB APy36M fl CEE- 

aiexB hmb: aw^aw eacb no npeowueMy. Ecjh 6h BOJimeOHofi ch- 
j[OH) nepenecTHCB bb ofiHTaeMyio bmh xpaMnsy, „a 6bi npHxajx 
Baci KB MoeMy cep^i^y. To^;^a see 6yfl;ymee h caMaa Bi^nocTb 
HcqesjiH 6u, KaKX cohx** ^). 

05paTHMB HamB Bsopi na nejOB'^Ka, na cannxx ce6a: hsb 
Toro, HTO MH ecTB, noxmHMca onpe^iJiflTB hjih yrawTB, ^to mh 
6y;i[eMB hjih 6uTb MomeiB. Ecjih name duTie hjih Hama edun- 
cmeeuHocmh (cie ctojib qyBCTBeHHoe h) xotb naoAHO MraoBeHie 
npo;^jiHTca 3a npe^iJiB Hamnx'B ;^Heft, to bocmhrhomb bx pa- 
AOBaniH: „mii Qy^eAfB naRH coBORynHH h MomoMB 6£itb 6jia- 
;RefiHU^! Ho noueji.Jiviwb saRJtso^eHieM'B, jiK)6e3H£ie mob! cepAA^ 
Bx BOCTopri Hep4;iR0 BBeprajio paayMB bb safijiyat^eHie. 



') CTp. 5-6. 



— 79 — 

SaT'lMi PaAHiAeBi HSJaraei'L ?acTB ceoero ujaea, „jiep3- 
HoseHHue Bonpocfii*', no;(Jiesaii^ie ero CJOBy. Ilpesjie, Eexejin 
npopeKaTb 6y;^yI^ee, CBaateMx, ht5 HeJioeiKX 6hjii jio ero poa;- 
/leflia. ^HsBe^mn ero na ceixx, a upoBJieEy ero nojierOHBKy 
Hpesi Tepeie SHTeficBoe, h ABixaeie noiOMi ncTopreyBi, BBeprny 
Bi BtqHOCTb" ^). Fj^i Ghjix HejiOBiKi AG o6pa30BaHia TiM? 
%6 OHi 6uJii? HsM^pflj'B JH OH'B ^0 BOQJOii^eHifl HeCecHue 
spyre? Hjeh nujHHBOK) hochjca h lepjiJicfl bi> 6e3AHt Beii^e- 

CTBa? 

?T0 Racaexcfl MexoAa Hscji^AOBaHia, to HaA0(5H0 VAajinTB 
OTi ce6fl Bci npeApascyABH h npeAyCisAenifl h na cxest hctqhu 
co6paTL HicKOJLKO (|)aKTOBi AJia no3HaHifl ecmecmeeuHOcmu — npH 

CB^THJIbHHE'fi OnUTHOCTH. 

Cosepi^aTB BHyxpeHHOCTL upapOABi n noHHuaxb CBflBb ea nin- 
mi MoryxT) jramb cya;ecxBa, npeBbrmaiomia qejiOB^Ka. Ho npn- 
HHHy Benin bjih A^ficxBia HaA0(5H0 BCRaxb He bi> BOo6pa»ieHiH; 
Hej[b3a H ocHOBUBaxb ee aa bumeicji']^. PosEiCBBsaa, BaBi BeiAL, 
Ai^aeie hjw A'^ficxsie cyxb, uu o6HapyacHMx x'i^CHbia h HeaBCT- 
BeHHKia nTb conpa^esia c^ ApyroMn, c6jiEzvLWh e^HHopoAHBie h 
cxoACTBeHHHe 4>a'Kxa, pasApo^BMi HX'L, paBCMOTpBMii nxx CXOA- 
CTBCBHOCXH, naBB pasApoCHM-B MX'B cji^cxBia: nocxynaa otT) oa- 
Boro CJ^ACXBia bi Apyrouy, mei BOsneceMca ao o6[i^aro Hanajia, 
cpe^OTOHia hcxhhbi, Boxopoe 03apHTX bc4 Be^ymifl b'b Hefi 
cxesH *). 

noHnieM'B xaBBX'B j^afixoBi sacaxeJibHO npeApoa^AecxBeHHaro 
cyniecxBOBaeia newu^KSi. 

^eJOB^Bi saqBHaeica bo ^peB'b meEu^ bi Henx pacxexi, 
fl AOsp'i^B'B, HCxoAHXi Ha CB'i^x'B. Ho AJ^anie npopomAenia Aocei*]^ 
npeduBaex'B xaHHCTBOMi: BaBBM'b o6pa30Mx npoHcxoAHX'B sa^axie 



») Cip. /. 
*) Cip. 9. 



— 80 — 

n iiHTaeie hjeh npirpaiiteHie? Ho h sji'kch uoMewb npoBEj^iis 
H^HTO noy^HTejiBHoe. C^Mfl, oti icoToparo sa^HHaexca sapo- 
jXEimi), cymecTByeTX bx Maxepa jio ^Jo;^o;l;iaHia, ho am passep- 
meHifl, jija pon^eHifl 6e3CHj[BBo; 9to acho, eanp., bi 2khbothuxi 
nepHaTUxi> (afii^o ecxB to se c^Ma). H y seMHofi HameS co6pa- 
tIb, pacxeHifi, oxjH?aioii];e&cfl ox'b ;khboth£ixx JiHineHieifB m'Icto- 
MiHfliomefica chocoOhocxh h nyBCXBOBaHia, nyateo sepHO hm 
ckuz AJLsi npoHsseAeBifl. 

HxaKi, ciMfl cymecxByexi He xokmo jio saqaxia, ho h ;^o 
naoAO^iaHia. Cie oj^HHaKOBO h w^ x^xx, h jiJia ;tpyrHXi (am pac- 
xenifi AORasano lunueeMz) ^) Heo6xoAnMO. IIo npaBHjy cxoj^- 
cxBOHHOCXH TO ^Ke M02RH0 CRasaxB H caMOMx HejTOB'j^Ki: qejo- 
B^Kx npeASHJ'B AO CBoero sa^axia; ciBia, co^epatamee fiy^ymaro 
HOJiOBtBa, cyn^ecxBOBajo, ho jiHuieHHO jshshh, x. e. cnoco6H0CTn 
pacxH H ofipaaoBaxbca. ^e.iOB'feK'B cymecxByeTx *) b^l ateni m 
BanaTia, ho b'b nojrynHqxoacHOM'B CBoeicB bha'^^; h6o 6uxie desi 
atHSHH xoxa hg ecxB CMepxB, ho nojyHHHioatecxBO, MOHie no^xH 
CMepxH. Hy;KHa npn^nna (nJioAO^'i^axejiBHaa BjasHOCXB Mys- 
csaa), qTo6M BOssBaxB c^Ma kx skhshh — oxx des^'i^axeJiBHOCTB 
Ki AianiH), kb AiflcxBHxeJiBHOMy ChxIk). 

Ciaa, My^KCsoe Aaexi shshl; oho ecxB cpeACXBO, koamb 
ctMa JKeHBi cxaHOBHxca sapoAumi. Ecjlvl eysreo, .?xo6h 6ezji!bi- 
cxBennaa Beni.ecxBeHH0cxB am nojEy^ema ABH^aenia HM^Jia na- 
qaJEBHoe yAapenie, to A-^a Aania shshet nyasno TaBse yAapeaie 
njiOAOA^aTejiBHaro cona. 3xo yAapenie He Moaexi noqecxBca npo- 
cxHicB HJiH eAHHCXBeHHO MexaHHHecsHM'B. CoBi cefl npoHHi^aexB, 
BopMExi H o^pasyexB c^Ma ^RencEoe. Ho BOsspH, ao kojihroS 
cxeneHH BOSBBinieHHa 6uBaexi pasApaxeHHOCXB h qyBCTBeHHOcxB 
(PaAnni;eBB ccujaexca na pasA'i^JieHie qyBCXBeHHUX'B h pasApa- 



^) Cip. 12, npHM. 
•') Cip. 13. 



— 81 — 

SHTejibHHX'B Hacieft no FaAAcpy^ cip. 15, npHM.) bo speM^ 
MOTCKaro coHxia! Bo33pEr, kojihko atHBOHOCHMMx BecejiieM'B oho- 
conyTCTByeMo! Hjih jk)6obI) (h npHTaatanie ajiOTCKoe) laKase 
ecTecTBeHHa h bi eciecTBeHHOCTH HMiei-B CBoe Hanajo? KycoKTb 
xji6a, T060K) norjomeHHHB, npeBpaiHTca bx HepBPHHyK) atn^;- 
Bocn H wh opraH'B TBoell meicjih. TaK'B jih)6obb, npijiBi> na^aiio 
B-B TijiecHOCTir, Bi A^flcTBiH CBoeMx CTOJiL ae ;^aJieKo otcto ill's 
OTi Haqajia CBoero, KaKi KycoKx CH-i^^aeMMfi — oti. ^tificiBia Mosra 

Bl MHCJieHHOft CHJii. TH, BKymaBfflift Bl* Od'BflTiaX'B B03JIH)- 

fijeeHHfl cynpyrH Kpaiqafimee, ho BejiHHaBmee Becejie Ha seMJiH, 
HaTeda ccHJiaioca: Eimafl, ne Kasajioca jh leCi, hto ce Konen.^ 
CflBaeTi TBoea acHSHH! fl ne cjiaiocTpacTHyro sjticB KapTHHf 
BaiepraTB HaMtpeHx, ho ;^'feftcTBie. H jtificxBHTejiLHO Chjih npn- 
Mipu {Pa0adAh)j hto jik);ih bi coHTin atesHH JiHrnaJiHca. Pas- 
jipaateHHOCTb h HyBCTBenHOCTB Kpafine BOSBHniaiOTCfl bte. ciK> 
MHflyxy. Hflaqe Shtb TOMy ne^iBsa: ce nacxoHTx npexoTEj^enie 
OTi HHixomecxBa Kx 6HxiH), ce atasHB cooSn^aexca! Ilocjii conxia 
cjia6ocxB npHM'j^xHa, n6o y^^'fajraexca hcbbhl CBoa. 

Ho Moxexx JLH cilia hjh sepno (eme He sapoitunii) no^ecxBca 
HejiOBtKOMX? 3a BxaMx, noBH^HMOMy, nycxHMX BonpocoM'B cjii- 
^lyexi ;ipyrofi 6oj!i4e KasHCxoft: ecjH cfcMa npej^cymecxByext bs 
caMKi HBB^cxHOfi ;^o sa^axia, xo ^;^i oho 6hjio, ;^0K0Jli bi nefr 
He o6pa30BajiocB b-l BH^i ciMenH? '). 

^epsHOBeHHHfi, XH xoneniB bsoSth ;^o 6e3KOHeHHocxH! Ho- 
B033PH Ha CBoe cjioatenie! Boopyaeafi CBoe Bpinie xejiecKonaMH 
H MBKpocKonaMH, H TH yBpHHiB, TCO TH HH Ha e^HHyK) Hcpxy He 
MoaceoiB OT^ijiHTBca oxi ^anHaro xe6i npeCHBania. H yBpamB 
xoTa HacTB oprana, mhcjtb xee-fe ;^aH)n];aro (6e3'B KoxopoH xh ne 
OTJCEiqaJica 6h ott, npecMHKaio^nxca), ho EaRoe cxesjo ;iacx'L- 
ysptxB xe6'fe xBoe cy^^ecxBOBaHie? BesyMHHS^ oho eiiy ne hoa-^ 



^) Cip. 16. 



— 82 — 

jie^EiTx. Ta MEicjLumb opranoM'L xiJiecDEiMX, Easi Momemb tu 
^pe;^cTaBHT£) co6'6 hto-jih6o, onpaqt liJiecHOCTH ^)? 06HaatH 
yMCTBOBaaie TBoe oti cjiob'b h SByEOBx, T^JiecHocTB flBBTca 
^pe;^T» T060K) Bce^'feJIa; h6o th — OHa, Bce nponee wra^^Ea. 

B'fepoflTH'feflfflHM'B npe^uoJioateHieM'B dy/ieTi, qxo ciMa bx 
iKeni HaqHHajoca. Ho cjtb ein;e UBi BOSMoatHOciH, ta* cyme- 
CTBOBajo cie cbiia. Hjih c^mh co;^ep:Eaj[ocfl o^ho b'l ApyroHi, 
Ed's pasBepsmaxcfl npe^^e ero bi 6£iTie, h co^epmHTX bi ce0% 
BC^ c^MeHa, CEOiiBso Ex% 611TL Mosei'B OAHO Bx ^^pyroMi ;^o 
6e3SOHe?HOCTH. Hjh c^Mfl cie ecTB qacTb npemHaro, KOTopoe 
6ujio nacTb ;ipyroro^ npe»Ae ero e'b a^HSHH BOSBaHHaro, h mo- 
sexi A'^JtHTLCfl naEu Ha ctojilso nacTeS hjih hobhxx c'&MflHi, 

CSOJIbEO to 6UTh AOJSCHO H JAOmet'h] paBHOM'bpHO H OTA'i^JieHHUfl 

OTi Hero ^acTH nasH jijbJiEMu 6utb HMiifOTx jio 6e3S0He9HOCTH ^). 

BesBOHe^HOCTB Bce, nero hsm'^phtb ee MO^ceMi, ^^Jia nacB 

ecTB Cessone^HO. C^ma o6pa3yeTCa bi ^KeHd^. Ecjih bc^ CBoficTBa 
qejOB'J^Ea o6pa3yH)Tca nocieneHHO, to jijlh nero ne CEaBaxB, ?to 
H ;kb3hb o6pa3yeTCfl bi^ opraaaxi neiiOBtEa, coxpaeaacB js,otojA 

B'L C^MeHH. B^Ab CHJiy (ho TOJLhKO Bl qeJIOB'^E'J^, HO BO BcejeH- 

Ho3 Boo6me) mh MoateMi nocTHrHyxB tojiBBo, Eor^a ona ;i'lfiCT- 
Byex'B opraHOMi, Baxi h cojiHi^e ecTB ^yBcxBeHHEifi oprani Bce- 
CHJiBHaro. He B03Moa;H0 jih jky^Y yno^ofiHTB MunepajHsoBaHHOMy 
MerajiJiy? Ofhb ;eb3hh, npoTBHyB'B c^ma, aBJiaeT'L ;cymy, saxi 
oroHb, npoHHEaa py^y, OTA^Jflex'B MeTajJiH bo Bceiti ax'b 
6j[ecs'6. 

Hepefi^^eMi si ^pyroMy Bonpocy: c^ha ji,o sa^aTia (hjih 
^ejiOB'^B'B BT> npej^posAecTBeHHOMi cocToaniB) Mora jeh no^ecTbca 
pasyMHOK) TBapbH), x. e. conpaseaa jih 6HJia Aynia ct> C'J&MeHeM'fc, 
AOBOJi']^ He npemjio ciMa bi sapo^cfiimi. HpHsnaTb sa cbMeHem 



») Cip. 47. 
*) Gip. 18. 



— 83 — 

jymy — cjiaSoe yflOBJuexBopeHie HameMy BHcoKOMipiio. Ho 5to 

Tasoe ;tyma?— HyBCTBOBanie (opy^e ero Hepsn) h mhcjb (opraHX 

~M03ri, HCTO^HEB'B HepBx). Eesi Mosra BJiB ]s,^SE,e ci ero no- 

BpesjueHieMi HB^esaioTX ndHflxie, BOo6pa:ReHie, naMATB h t. k. 

HcjH ^e no o6ii^eMy saBony npapoj^Ei CHJia A'i^&CTByeT'B ne SHaqe, 

umi opraHOHX ujin opy^ieMx, to msjiob'Ibi ko poiK^eHifl, a nane 

m saqaxia CBoero ecTB tojibko &buB ^) — h HH^ero 6oji4e. H 

lOTfl 6b[ ;tynia ;BHJ!ra wh ciuenn ao HanaTifl b'^eobx, ho b^^^b 

OHa He BcnoMEHaexi hotom'b h HH^ero 061 axoMi He Bnaexx; 

SHa^HTx, ^a*' Hacxoan^ee, „ a", ox JiHTOiomeeca 0X1804x1 Jipyrnx'B 

co6paxHKixi> cy^^ecxB•L, ne noMHa HH^ero npe^tpoas^ecxBeHHOM'B 

CBoewb cocxoanin, He ecxB xo „a", hx5 6ajL0 A xoxa 6u h 

-iujio xo 3Ke, xo ht6 b-b xomx dojibbu? Hixi xoat^ecxBeHHOcxe *) 

AyniH BB axaxi ;tByxi cocxoaHiaxx: He Bce jih paBHO, hxo ona 

He cyn^ecxBOBaJia ji,o Ba^axia h-ih poa^^enia? HejiBsa jih CRasaxB 

(npHM-feTOHie), Hxo nicxB xoat;^ecxBeHHOCXH ;^yfflH bi poffij^enHOMx 

cocToaniH h ho CMepxa? ^yma (cHja, opranx Koxopoft paspy- 

maexca), JinmeHHaa BOcnoMHoania Bonjion^eHHOMi ea cocxoa- 

bIh, 6yAex'B ocoCoHHa h ^laaie Cy^exx BHcrnHMx cy^^ecTBOM'B, — 

noxoMy Hxo JiHrnnxca BMicxi ex BOcnoMHHanieM'B Bcero, hx5 ea 

xepsaexx. 

IIoejHKy BcaKaa CH-ia ;^ificxByex•B CBoficxBeHHBiM'B efi opra- 
^OMX, H cJ^Ma ecxB opraHX juia, jiUctbisl Aynin (ho ho pasBep- 
xeHHLifi), xo MOSHO CBasaxB, Hxo CHJia rnHBOxi B'B opraH'6,-^H 
Aynia bi cbMeHH. CMepxB ecxB paspymeHie, hjih Bd^pH'ie CMopxn 
H'bT'B Bx npEpojt'i;, a ecxB jehib paspymenie h npeo^pasoBanie. 
EcJiH opranx — c*Ma eme ne ycxpoenx, h ho paBBepaceHx, xo 
oxcroia He c-ii^iyex'B, hxo6b[ ohx 6ujl% MepxBx. 



') Cip. 21. 

*) Ha cip. 21 H Bi npHM. na cxp. 22--oieBHftHaa oneHaTKa: «TopacecTBeH- 
rHOCTH AymH>. 



— 84 — 

Cnjia mHSHQ no paspymeHis Moacexi, no;i;o6HO iipyrHMx, 
OTXOAHTb Rx cBoeMy Ha^ajiy hjth ctexIh; laR^b saB'B Eaai^a^ cth- 
xifl oABHaBOsa, to ^acTHE^a ohoS MoseTi npeCusaxb ciifeHH co- 
BOBynna ^). 

Box's qxo MoasHo CBasaxB o npeApoJKAecxBeHHOM'B cocxoflnin 
^ejiOfiiEa: mhofo xyxx ;^o^aAOK'b h npe^nojioaceHifi. Ho Bi;^L y^o- 
cxoB^pnxBCfl MOXHO jisiuB xoMi, 9x5 npeAJiejanxB HyBCXBaiix. 
A Hero He om^ymaeMx, to sasjioqaeM'B no cxoacxbIh). CB'^jiteHie 
Ben^axi BHyxpespHxejibHoe h'^ctb cboActbo Haiuero pasyiia. H 
npomej^meifB, h o dyAyn^eMx cBoeMi mh 3aBJiH)HaeMx no cxoa- 
CTBiio. BjiaateHX lejiOB'iK'B, ec4H aLpeCifi ero ne ecTB OjiymAe- 
nie. 

SaTiMi PaAHn;eBi> nepexoAHTi S'b pos^eHiH) qejiOB^Ba h 
no CEJiOHHOCTH, o6n;efi ceHTHMeHxajiBicxaMx ero Bd^Bajpacyexx xaByH) 

KapxHHy: 

„Ce nacxajix nacB 6nxifl n jbhsheI.... IIpe^^cxaBHMx ce6£ 
Myjsa H SReEj bx i^B^xyn^nxx chjeoh) 4']&xaxx, ropa^Hxi Bsann- 
HOH) j[H)6oBiK); npe^tcxaBEMx ce6'6 neBHHHUfl exx jroCsaHifl, npe;^- 
ABepie Becejiifl. npeACxaBHMi hxi na Henopo^eoMx jos'i, Bsy- 
maion^nxx ero npiaxHOCTH; yaseJiH j^yMaeniB, hto BOCToprx, hs* 
CTynjienie, 3a6BeHie caHoro ce6fl (bo Bpeiia coBTifl) cyTB nanpa- 
CHU H ji^ojiTRBU cyu^ecTBOBaTB 6es'h naif^peHifl? Kor^a ecTB i^tjiB 
Maj['6finieMy MHspocBonn^ecEOMy SB'JbpBsy, y^sejin xyMaeniB, ?to 
BejHHafimee njioxcsoe BeceJiie ne nifiexx onofi? H mosho in 
Bi nefi omnfinxBCfl! HaM'gpeHie ecxB qyBCXBOBanie, ii,ijh — 
snsHB ^). 

Jlfijiie (cxp. 25 — 27) Pa^HnieBX ex gojiBuinMX BnaHieiix 
jijbjis, nepe^aexx xor^amHifl rHCxoiorH^ecsifl h dM6pioj[orH<iecBiji 
CB'^A^Hifl xoHx, Hx5 ^BiBaexx, sor;iia ya^e ^ena sa^aia bo^ 



') Cip. 23. 
«) Cip. 24-25. 



— 85 — 

HpeBi* — cep^^uie Cbeica bx sapo^uini ;taate cb nepearo jp^si 
coHTifl H T. ;^., HejiOBiKX KopMHTCfl nynoBHHOH), KaKX pacxeHie 
KopHeMx. HaKOHen;x opraHx pasyMHHxt chjix yaaieroTOBx, KaKX 
trndnan maSAUt^a roTOBa Ha BOcnpisTie BnenaTJiiHifi. H ce 
poat^aeTca jihta — nejiOBiKX ;i;a tfyj^eTx! 

HxaBx HSinejix Ha cb^tx Binei^x cjoasenifi Ben;ecTBeHHLixx, 
i^apL 3eMJiH, HO e;^HHoyTpo6HHfi cpo^^cTBeHHHKx, 6paT'L Bceny 
JKHByn^eMy na seMJii, ne tokmo BBipio, ho pacTemio, ^aate 
MeiaJiJEy.... aeMJirb ^). 

PasfinpaiOTca wpxH cxo;i;CxBa ^ejiOBisa ex MHHepajiaMH, 
pacxeniflMH h schboxhumh. 

EcjH KpHCxajuH, Mexajijx hjh ;i;pyroB KaMCHB o6pa3yexca 
no saKOHy CMeatHOCXH, xo h nacxH ne^OBiKa, HecMOxpa na cbok) 
HCKyccxBeHHOcxB, cjiijiyioxx xoMy ate npaBHJiy. Cx jipyrofi cxo- 
poHH, npHJieaKHoe posHCKaHie noKasyexx {xomn eu^e euuMauiH 
na mo ne oOpaxjueno)^ hxo h bx napcxBi HCKonaeMOMX am 
oCpasoBaHia Hyatna Mamna^ h qxo ona 6e3nJio;iHa (Bipoaxno) 
6e8x My^bCEaro coo6n;eHia. MexaJijm^ecBaa atHJia, somjih Ryno- 
pocnaa, cejinxpeHnaa — pasB* ne MaxKH? a napn MexaMH^ecKie, 
KynopocHHfi H cejBxpeHHHfi rasx — ne MyatecKifi cokx? Ofipaso- 
Banie ecxB njknh n EpncxajJinaaiiiiH, h py^^Benia n sa^axia. 
O6pa30BaHie ecxB Be^HMoe ^^ificxBie, a npHMHHa? xo me naqajio 
H j^aexx xe6i atHBHb, h ;^'feficxByexx bx Ha^rajii CMeacHOCxn ^). 

9xH cxo;icxBeHHOCXH HejOBiKa cx ;^py^HMH xsapaMH n no;^- 
HHHeHHocxB ero x'^Mx ase caMHMx saBonaMx nnnyxb ne yHHjsa- 
K)xx HeJiOB^Ka. Ohx Bei^ecxBenx, sna^axx, 6hxb Hnane ne Moatexx. 
Ho noxoMx aBxopx ofiii^aexca nOKasaxB ero ^oxjiH^enie" ^) h 
conpHHacxHOCXB BHcmeMy nopa^Ky cyn;ecxBx, 6Hxie Koxopuxx 
HoatHO jiHmB yr^X^iBaxB, ho nejiBBa hh oo^yn^axB, hh noHHMaxB. 



^) Cip. 27. 

^) Cip. 28. 3Atcb anajioriH Pa/tHmesa, xoth h opHrHHajibewfl, Hnqyis ne 
jcTynafiOTi nosAHtdmHUfb E3MbiinjieHiflMi mejumHroBi^eB'b. 

*) Cm. HHaKC, CO cip. 88. 



— 8C — 

^ejiOBiKX , cxo;^CTByfl cb no^seMEHMH ( to ecit ex Me- 
TajiJiaMH H MHHepajiaMH), nanna^e cxoACXByexi cb pacTe- 
HiflMH. Mei He CBameM'B, Easx urhKomopue yMcmsoeamuvf 
(t. e. KaKt JlHMempu): ^neJOB^Kx ecwft pacTenie"; sejiHKH 
cxoACTBa, BO B pasBOCTb HeuBMtpiiMa. Mn Haxo^HMi B'L pac- 
TOHiH DHTaTe^BHufi coKx, pasjiH^io nojEOBi E T. A.; pacTeeie 
ecTB cymecTBO atHBoe, a MoaKeii 6htb, h HjrBCTBHTejBHoe (ero 

^yBCTBHTeJLHOCTB, 6hTB MOffiCTX, — o^Ha paS^paXHTeJIBHOCTB). 

BepTHBaJBHoe nojoiseHie pacieHift cxo^^cxByexi e^^HHony neio- 
B^By. HeJBBfl corjiacHTBCfl laBxe, hto6u odpaiueeie coeobi ji:M' 

CTBOBaJIO Bl BEEXl UO npOCTHMX nfApOCTaXHMeCBHH'B npaBHJiaM'B. 

Bi pacxeHiflxx cyu^ecxByexi BCTHBHaa ^keshb ^). Ohb sa BeMiii 
He TOBMO ji,Jia. o6HOBj[eHifl poAOBi^ CBOExx, HO cjiyacaxx bx nnmy 
BHcmefi cxeneHH cymecxBaMt. OpraHHHecKoe xtJio coxpaHHXBca 
MOSLexx TOiiBBO nBn];eK); Baac^ufi po^ii opraHH^ecBHxx ae- 
n^ecTB'B BBxaexcfl opraHH^ecBBMB se, cxo;i;cxByH)n:(BMB ex era 
opraHaMH Ben^eexBaMB h npBHBiiaexx bx nBmy ^kbshb, no^epna- 
OMyK) H3X HBSHflro po^^a BemecxBX, b eABHOodpasHyEo xofi, kg- 
Topaa ABBsexx ero opranu ^). 

Ila^e Bcero exo^exByexx tojeob^bx ex jbbbothbimb; Bifi^cxi 
ex hbmb ohx OTJiB^aexea oxx paexeniS x'j&mx, hxo Bac^exx 
yexa, xor;ia Easx paexenie Bee — yexa, eoea b EopeHbaMH, b jihct- 
BieMx. Hae^EOMUfl %e, BaEx b thbau, cyxB xoemo poxx, se* 
jiy;^OEx B ero ^po;^OJI»eHie. Bei oprann h lyBCXBa HejiOBiita 
Biciioxefl B y asBBOXHuxx — Bx HasHa^eHHoS Bxx nocTeneHHoexH. 
no6ysj^eHie ex nan^'ik paBHO xepsaxejBHO b ycja^iBxejiBHO ;(ji2 
Bei^xx ;EBByn^BXx na Jivusfb seMJiB, ne neB.iio^afl b paexenifi. 
Paexenie rB6Hexx, eejiB BupBaxB ero b3x deujm bjib BaMBHyxb 

XOEMO BeXO^HBBH Re6eCEUe. Bx JBBBOXHOMX, BaBX BX ^eJIOB'bBt, 

xo ace eaMoe: — yjiexaexx aaBBB, eefl CeBBemeexseHHEift oroHb. 



1) Cip. 30. 
«) Cip. 34. 



— 87 — 

Ha CTp. 32 — 33 Pa/^HmeBi secBMa noApoCno h xyAoatecTBeHHO 
pHcyexx KapTBHy nocxeneHHaro o^MHpaHifl h CMepin otx bcto- 
n^eHiii roJSOiioM'L, o6HapyiRHBafl onflTb-iaRH xopomee saaBie Me- 
;(0i^HBCBnx'b HayRX. 

KpoM']^ no6y»;teHifl k'b iiHTaHiio, HeJOB^Ki cxo;^CTByeT^ ci 
XBBOTHUMH H pacTeHiflMH BX njioiopo^iH, Aaase y^H ;i']^Topo;^HEie 
HM^eT'B cxo;i;cTBeHH£re co MHornifQ tbhabotbuujs. 3th vau jm- 
.leHH OTT* rjaBEi h jea&ax'B bi* HuncHefl nojiOBBH']^ 'lejiOB'l^Ba bx 
CHjy BOSBBqeHHaro ero noJOffieaia. YpacxeHift ohb, HaapoxHBt, 
cyxb rjiaBu h Hxt Kpaca. «0 xh, BOSMormifi npOHaqaxejiBHOCTiH) 
TBoeio yspixb cie xaaHCXBo ^pHpo;^u, 6e3CMepxHuft JluunetX, ne 
B03rHyma8cfl fltepxBonpHHomeHieMi aLeJiaioii];aroxe6fl nocxEtrHyxL! 
AB'J^xoR'L ecxb ojijy'h jK)6oBHufi^ jio^e 6paHHoe, ea RoeMx coBep- 
maexcfl xaHHCXBO nopoac^eHia" ^). — Ectb pasHHi^a ch qejOBiROMx 
(aanp., y Bcbxx 0x01^1) bx nopo:KA6HiB; ho cxo;i;hh cb hhmx 
Bct »HBopoxAaH)ni.ia: nanp., MHoria caMRH Hocaxx 9 M'j&c, po- 
;taxx o^Horo h BOCKapuiHBaEOX'B ero cocn;aMH. PaBHOM'i^pHO h 
BHyxpeHHOCXb qejoBiRa cxoAcxByexx co BHyxpenHOCXbio atHBox- 
HHxii, RaBx MH Ha6jiH)AaeMX npn pascMOxptnin EOCxeS, Mimmx, 
Hepax, JierRBXx, ^se^iyABa, o6pan];eHia KpoBH (bbx cep^i^a cb 
ero 4 oxAtjj.), ABHseaia j[hm({)u, cxpoeaia s&eAizii a bc^xx ox- 
Ai^jaxeiiBHErxx RaaajOBX, qame^aoH xRaaa a aaaojiaaioaiiaro ee 
ffiapa, aaBoaeiJi'L, Mosra h Baaacan^axx oxx aero itd^aaifi, noaa- 
xia, naMaxa, pascyARa. He yaaBaxx qeJiOBiRa — CRaaaxb, qxo sBipa 
HMibK)xx cnoco6aocxb paBMiiniJiaXb. aToxx, rxo axx o^apHJix 
qyBCXBHxeji&HocxiK), ^aJix bmx MiicJb, ckjiohhocxh h cxpacxa; a 

H'&XX BX qeJIOB'^R^, MOJReXX 6EIXb, HH eAHHHfl crjiohhocxh, hh 

eAHOHa Ao6po;(txejia, Boaxx 6u cxo^cxBeaaocxa bx jBaBOxaiixx 
He Haxo;^HJIoca)) *). 



') Cxp. 34. 

-) Cip. 35. Omcbhaho, Mucjb iCpasHHTeJibnoH ncHXOJoriH* neOujia qy- 
acjia H XVI [I BtKy. 



— 88 — 

Hanie;ix MHoroHHCJreHHtia cxo^CTBeHHocTH, nyatHO bha^tb 
B OTjiaqifl qejLOBiKa ot-b ;ipyrHXi» jkhbothhx'b. Eny ojtHOMy npaMO 
xo;^HTb AOJioffiHO; — He TasB, KaKt Me;^BiAH h o6e3xaHH HHor^a A'feJia- 
K)TX, a BTE. cji'i;iCTBie caMoro c;ioateHia (mapoEaa CTynea, 6ojib- 
mott y HorH naJiej^'L, nojiojKeHie jipyrHxi ct jtBaaymnMH cxynHH) 
M£imii;aMn). GjiosaeEie qejOB'I^Ka jtOKasEiBaeTx, qTO qejiOB'j&K'B ne 
npeciMHKaTBca ^^oji^Keai no scmji'^, a cmotp'j^tb sa ea npej^iiiH 
(xoTa npaMoe xoiKjieEie ecTb CJIi;^CTBie HCKyccTBCHH'ifimaro yie- 
Hia). Uane ;Ke Bcero OTJiHqaeTx nejaoBiKa OTcyiCTBie npe^^JiOB'B 
Bi coBeprneHCTBOBaHiH h B'BpasBpaiaeHiB: hh o^ho sRHBOTnoe ae 
ycniBaeTB tojihko bx xy^iOMx h ;^o6poM'B. SaipcTBO qejOBiBa 
HeorpaHH^eHHoe: yduean 6pamm ceoio XAoduoKpoeno, ohx dobh- 
HyeTca Bjiacxa, Koxopyio caMx coBAajiT) ^)... H KaEoasBtpB, npoMi 
ero, jiaEOMBTca ce6'6 no;i;o6H£iMi? HanpoxHBx, KaKoe BejiBRO^y- 
inie, OTpHHOBeme caMoro ce6a (t. e. bx ;tpyrHXT» cjiyqaaxi a 
jinqHOCTaxx?)! 

HecMOTpa ea to, hto cjioatenie HejioaiEa SessamHTHiflfflee, 
a cociaB-B ero HisHfifiinii!, ohx HMierB TBep;i4finiee sj^opoBse, 
pasc^aHi BO BC'kxi> KjnMaTax'B (ee to^ hto a^HBOTHBia) a npo- 
THBOCTosTi BC^M^ Henoro^aMi. CaMaa 6e33an^aTHOCTB po;r.BJia 
BLiMETcejx, H qejOBiKB o6jaeKca bx o^eatjty. ^poHcxo2K;^eHie ea 
Pa;iHiueBB othocbti, anpoqeMi, ne Ha cqeix e^BHEia HarocTH, 
h6o b^b seapKBXB CTpanaxi TarocieHi b Majiifimifi Ha T'bJLi no- 
KpoBi, a TaMx BcexaKB Hocaxx onoacBe. Cth^jibboctb ecTB eo- 
peHB cero o6£iSHOBeHia. ^Kor^a mhofbx'b pojuoBX caiiEB sa^peS 
;ty6paBHBixx asityxB npBCJryrB cani^a h ofiysAHBaioT'B cboh) noxo- 
TJBBOCTB, TO yjEejiB caMS'6 qeJioaiqecROft — ctu;^'b Cy^eT-B qyat^'B? *) 
Bo3HBqeHHoe nojioatCHie, OTEpnaaa ;t'feTopo;i;HKia qacTB bb qejio- 



^) Gip. 37. 
») CTp. 38. 



— 89 — 
vkK% Bje^exx, Kasexcfl, ,3a co6oh) HeiiHHyeMoe cji'^ACToie, ono- 

Ilaqe Bcero KameTCfl He.iOBi^E'B rx CHjaMi* yMCTBeHHUMi 
o6pa30BaHi>. Oh'b ;toj4e Bcixx y^HTBca jiojuKenx, h6o Hya^aeTca 
b:b 6ojLmeM'L ssaHiH. FopHSOHTajbHoe nojEoareHie 3Btpefi o6pa- 
qaeii sxi nyscTBa KHHsy e onpeA^JTAeTi nxx 6j[a»teHCTB0 b'b 
BacHmeHia atejiyjiKa: B*;ib h ;ipyroe HyBCTBCHHoe 6jaateHCTB0— 
coHTie BctMi HifB BpcMeHHO, Tor^a KaBi ^eJiOB^By o^HOMy He 
nocTaBjeeo bi Heiii ifjbpu. Hs'b HBCJia ssipefi eejiisfl HCKJuonaTB 
H o6e8BaH'L (j^ase opaBri-yTaHra), kohxx pysH n hofh, Boo6iue 
BHtuiHOCTb He noxo2Ka Ha qejiOB^Hecsiji. A acsiiMu h ;^p., ckojub 

OHH HH ypOAJIBBU (eCJH M02RH0 HaSUBaTL ypOJlCTBOMl pa3HOo6- 

pasie npBpoAEi), ho HJieHEi hxi copasM'j^pHie qjeHOBi o^esbflHH. 

BH)^^om nasBaJi'B o6e3BflHi> qeTBepopyBBHa; ho no 
HXT. cjioateniK) na^o npHqecTt hxx k^ nexBepoHorHMx, h6o y 

HHX'B B'bT'B TOfl TOHKB paBHOB'J&Cifl, KOTOpafl, BOBjlBIMafl ^eJIOB^Ka 

OTi* seMjiH, A'^Jid'^'B ero mecTBie BOSHH^eHHUMi h bha'b npiflT- 

XoTfl qejLOBiK'B HaH6ojr']&e onpeA^-aeH'B bi MUCJieHHnM'L ;ti}S- 
CTBiflMi, HO He y^ajocB HafiiH BasBUXi otm'^^h'b (npoTHBy shbot- 
Huxi) B'B oSpasoBanin rojiOBHoro Mosra^ bx BOxopoMi, KaBi xo ecn- 
fcoMjf HydcmeumejibHO^ o6Bxaex'B Hosri. TaBaie ne Aosnano anaxo- 
MieH) (HecMOxpa na MHoroHBCJieHHiie ohbixh FaAAepa), oxx qero sa- 
BBCflxi B'B Mosry naMflXB, BOo6paseHie, pascy^OBi n ;i;p. cajiu 
yMCTBeHHUfl. IIpojiHXB Ha 8X0 CBixi, 6hxb Moatexx, COeCfbMZ 
Heeo3MO0fCHO^ ecjiH pa3cy;^HXB, ixo jiMcuBie pasyMa ecxB nepas- 
drbJiuMO ^). Pimaioxi k^jlo KaEHMi-xo BBiMBiuuenHBiMX ^Baate- 
HieM'B MaJi'i^flmBX'B mobfobuxi ^b^p'b, ho v^i naxoAHxcfl cpe;ta, 
B'B KOxopyK) cxeaaioxca Bci cin ;^BHateHia, hhexo ne BHj^ajx, 
ii6o HHHeajiBHaa ^ejiisa, MOSOJBHoe xi.io cymt au (?) hcxhh- 



') Crp. 41. 



— 90 — 

Hoe npe6fiiBaHie Ayniti, o tomi> tojllko npe;RAe raji[ajfl^ a Euwk 
MOJHaT'B. OnHTH cyTfc ocHOsaHie Bcero ecmecmeeuHato noauank 
(t. e. ecTecTROSHaHifl); bto noKasajiEr pacnpocTpaHeeie npocsime- 
Hifl H o6mji1i pasyMi. OxjiH^iflMH qeJOB^qecRaro Mosra mosro 
pasB^ jiHinB c^HiaTb copasM'ipHoe ero cjoaienie u BSfln^H'bSinee 
noJOTseeie. 

HiEOToptie HHcaTejiH (EaK^ Jlas/Samepz^ EaMnepz, Fepdep^ 
KOHX'B TeopiH H3JiaraK)Tca Paj^nmeBHM'B na cip. 42 — 44), npe^- 
CTaBflB'B ce6']& MHCJieeHUfl jiHHin, npoBe^eHHSfl no qejOB'^^necROMy 
o6pa3y; HCRajiH pasJiHqifl nejiOB'^Ra oti ^khbothmx'b, ABLme pa3jrH- 
9ifl Mem^ty HapojiaMn n Mes;(y ot;(%jii>h£imh jiojkbmb b'b paBJE^HEixi 
yrjiaxi, npoHcxoAamHX'B oti nepeci^eHia sthxi jHHifi. ^Bon 
KaK'B' HejioBtKi npecMHKaeToa b% ciesi", BaM'feqaeT'L Pa^TH- 
mfiBT> ^), „KorAa ohi xo^ei'L yjiOBHXb npapciy bx ea ^tiScTBi- 
axi". Oh'l BOo6pa;RaerL ce6t to^rh hjibhIh, no^ipasaa ea o6- 
pasaMi, — jiBH2ReHie, TasecxBeHHOCTB, npHTa»eHie — npa hctojfko- 
BaeiH ea chji, ohi a'^Jihti speMa qacaMH, ausme h t. a. h cbo9 
mari CTaBHTt Miporo ea npocTpaHCTBy. Ho ne marx h ee mhj- 
jiioHii HHJJiioHOBX maroBi, a 6e3npej^'6j[bHOCTb — ea nipa, a cnJiii 
H o6pa3Bi ea — Bceofio^aa jrhbhl. 

iT?.wtfe?^tf? He Cesx BipoaiHOCTH yxBepatjiajx, hto pyKH 
6ujn MeJOBtRy nyTeBo;iHTej[i>HHii£i R'b pa3yMy: hmx oh'l ofiasaHi 
HsoCpiieHieMX xy^ioaecTB'Bj pyEo;i4jiifi h nayqeHxi nocoCift. Ho 
B3a[i][H'6fiTnee hvbctbo ocasaHia eeorpaHH^ieHO na e^^HHue nepcTii 
pyRi: y^T^HBBTeJibHO, ht5 BOSMoaceT'b ^ejiOB^RX HJiHineHHufi ex's. 

Ocasaeie lejiOBiRa ycTynaeii lOMy ate qyacxBy y nayKa, 
HO TaRaa CTenenb 6ujib, 6u eny 6e3noJ!ie3Ha, h6o 6EiJia 6u eecopas- 
Mipea CL jipyrHMH qyBCTBaMH h noHaxieM'L ero. Bb CHjy oxjta-ieHia 
oxi jiHi^a seMJH npuxyn^jH qyBCXBa o6oHaHia n BRyca, b6o nep- 



') Cip. 44. 



— 91 — 

t 

BOK) ii£j[iiio nepecTa^o 6urh npoRopMJieHie. A uocKOJibicy ohh 
HcoSxoAHMEr, pyBa, Boopya^eHHaji ecRyccTBOM'B, cTospaTHO 3aM^Hfl- 
eri HeAocTaTOKi. 

H BcexaBH Aaace aTn HyBCTea bx qanoB^s'^ nsfin^H^e. Cpa- 

BHH ^ttfiCTBie HXX Vh CJaAOCTpaCTHOMl CH6apHT'k HJH Bl SH- 

Te^*]^ nuniHuxi ctojihui cx ;i'I>ficTBieM'L nxi ace bi shbothux'b, 
B CKaatH, r^i nepeBicx. IlecB ^peBOcxo;^HT^ ^ejiOBiKa bt. yra- 
AHBaHiH cjAxoB'h BB'ipfl, a HejoBiB'L HsucRaTejiBH'ie Bi fijiarO' 
BOflin cjii^iiOBX ^). 

^eJiOBisx paBHO npeHMymectByeix npe^'B j^pyrHMH jkhbot- 
HHMH Bi qyBCTBaxx spinifl h cjyxa. Y Hnxx CJiyxx cjiyKHTX 
Ha 0T;^aJIeHie onacHOCTe, na OTKpHTie yjtOBJreTBopHTejibHaro bx 
nnmt. Bi qeJiOB-iK* (m pasBi jrarab bx niB^axx nTHuaxx ot- 
^acTH) yxo omymaexi 6jiaror-iacie, h BByKx xafiHO conpaaceH'B 
ci BHyTpeHHOCTiH). Ho H nxHi^a omymaeT'B jh Bci cipacTH, Ka- 
bIh yAotfeex npH paBHOMtpHOMi cJiomeEia ssyKOBi oinymaTB 
^ejOB-iKx? BH, ;^yffly BX H3CTynJieHie npHBOiiamie, FAwm, Ila- 
useAAOy Mouapfnz, FaHdem^ o bu, oppie chxi bsaiiihuxx cja- 
raTejeffl SByKOBX, Mapneau^ Mapa, HeyaejE B£j ne pasHCTByexe 
Ch HHateMX HJiH cojiOBBeMi? He otb athi^x y^HJica MejiOBiKx 
MysHK-fc: ero co6cTBeHHoe yxo, Koero noJoaceHie bx rojOBt ne- 
peAX ;[pyrHMH aHBOXHHMB Brjiy6jieHHoe, necexx npano bx ;iyniy 
SByBx, conpflJKeHHufl ex mhcjtik). yniEr SB'bpefi — .saocTpeHHHfl h 
Bci jeatamia. PascMOxpiHie yxa n^Bqaxx nxni^x, nojiaraexx 
Pa^HmeBX, Oydemz Koida-Audo cejiy aCHHMx ;i;oKa3axejiBCT- 

BOMX *). 

^ejiOBiBX He cxojib nii'l^eTx sp'^Hie ;i;aj[BHOBB;iHO, Ranx opejnx; 
HO Bxo nane ero bosmofx BoopysBXB CBoe sp^me n pacmHpnxB 
ero ^0 6e3iipe;i4jiBH0CXH? rxo cpaBHHxca ex JleeemyKOMz^ ex 



1) Cip. 46. 

*) Crp. 47, npHM. 



— 92 — 

^FepmeAeMh? ^ejiOBiKi locasaeii Ty3;a, Ey;ia jtocTarajix npestie 
eABHOH) MHCJiiH), H noHTH npeBumaeTi canoe BoodpaaRenie. Ho 
nsflii^HocTB sp'^Hifi ero coctoht'b bi co3epii;aHiii copasM'i&pHOCTefi 
wh o6pa3ax'B ecTecTeeHHux'L. He Hsan^HOCTb jh sp'lHifl, B30iii;peH- 
^aro HCRyccTBOM'B, npoH3Be;[a bcI^ naMflTHHSH SRHBonHCn, eaflHifl 
H apxHTeKTypH? 

Oahhi qeJioB^K'B o^apeH^ pi^bio, 6631 RoxopoS TepjiJie 6h 
CBoe BHaneHie jipyria ero npenMymeciBa. Owh o^ihh^ bx npHpo;t'fe 
BejiepiHHBX, — Bci ero jkhbha cofipaxia h^mh. Ohi xojbko HMi- 
exi HyasHHe ;^JIa pinn opraHti. 

CopoKa, CKBopei^'B hjih nonyrafi Moryxx noApaataTL ^eio- 
B^Ry B'B npoHBHomeeiH H^ROXopHXi cjiOB'B, CH^rapb hjih Raaa- 
pefiRa — Bx niHin; ho ^e^iOB'feR'B bi noApaataniH Bcixi SByKOBt 
n'^Hia npeBOCXo;tHXx Bctxx 2&qbothiixi, no^OMy oj^ehx aHFJiHH- 
CRifi nHcaxeitB cnpaBe;(j[HB0 Ha3Baj['B ero nacMtbuiuuKOMz ^). 

P'feqB ecxB cpe^cxBO Ri cofipaeiio MKic;iefi bo e;^HHO. 
-CxojiB Majiifimee opy^ie, asBiRx, ecxB xBopei^i Bcero, hxo bi 
^eJiOBiK'b ecxB iisaii^HO. IIpaBAa, ecxB asuRi x']&Jio;^BnaeHift. 
Ho luecxBie pasyMa 6e3x BByqHua p'^nn 6bijio 6u xomho Hnpe- 
€MHRaK)meeca. A66e ^e •I'cne, BOSMormifl piqiio owphtb Hinoro, 
cojDii'i^jiaBiniit qy^o, Haqero ho coA^Jiajii 6b[, ecjin 6u caifB Cum 
6e3rjaceHi>, n pt^B ne n30ii^pifjia 6u chjibi ero pasyiia. Hoh*!- 
Mofi, HacxaBjeHHBifi hm:b, ee Moaiexx BOcnapirxB paBynoicB ao 
Q3o6p'bxeHifi OAapeHHaro p'i^^Bio; ohx npHqacxeH'B b'b eamHii 
paBMum^eHiaxi, ho ero pa3yM'B HBompaexca 6ojiie nojipasam- 

^MX, qiMX CBOeK) CHJOfi; OB'S JTHffleH'B MHOraXl BHyXpOHHHX'B 

HyBCXBOBaHiS h ne uoHHMaexx HSxaBjieHifi ohbixi. Pt^B, pasma- 
paa MBicjieBHBia cbjibi, cxanoBHxca no^xH nBxasjieHieM'B Bce- 
CHJiia. 

OcMOTpiBTE. qejOBiRa bt* ero BHiniHOCXH h sHyxpeHHOCTH. 



») Cip. 49. 



— 93 — 

PaAHii(eB'b xoqeTX noHCBaxB b% ^A^flCTBiflX'B ero cJioxeHia^ qero- 
jfl6o, ht6 MOseTi ;(aT& b^poathoctb 6e3CMepTifl, hjih ase ht6; 
ofiHapysHBi BaKoe-Jiedo npoTBBopt^ie, noBasexi H^eK) BToptifl 
SH3HH— Bej'fenocTiH). „EcjiH 8a6j[ys;(eHie npe;(Jie«BT'E naMi bx 
cresi namefi, hctohhhki hcthhu, Bceoi^e! npocipH Jijvb h&^ 
pasyMinie Hame! oKejiaHie name bi nosaaHiH Heiai^eM'ipHO h 
He T^ecjiaBieMx BosAaexcfl, ho jnoCoBiH)^ ^). 

Bo'^niHee cjoaieHie nejiOBtBa noBasuBaerL, qiooHi uenie 
Bcix'h SBBOTHiixi cnoco5eBi Bi xbii^hoctb: y eero e^t'l hb BorxeS, 
EHEJUBOB^. 3y6Eiero, BaJseTCfl, ;iOBa3UBaK)xx, ^to nBn^a oboia- 
Has cxo^CTBeHH'be ero cjio;KeHiH), h^mi MacHafl ^); jusl Bor^a ohx. 
I icxi Mflco, xo BSM'ibHfleT'L ero cyiAecxBeHBOCTB BapeHieMX. C'k 
Apyrofl cxopoHU, cJiosLeHie pyBx npenflxcxBverL eMy yBpti- 
saxBCfl xaiii, rji/b Moryxi sbboxhub, BM^ion^ia bofxb, a cxofl- 
Q^ee nojnoseaie upenaxcxByex'B B36'braxb onacHOCXB 6'ircxBOHX'^ 
HCKycHiie Mie nepcxti ^laioxx eMy o6opoHy bsx ;taJiB. HxaBi, ^cao- 
B^Kx no x'6;iecH0My cJio;BeHiH>, BaiRexcfl, poTB^T^enx bx xbhibh^ 
H MHpojiK)6iH). BaBx OHX y^ajiflexcfl oxx CBoea JifkAul Stejt- 
30MX B orfieMX BOopyxBBx pysB, OHx 603CBBp'6n'|ji'E naqe JiBBa: 
1 xBrpa B ydBBaexx ae ex rojiOAy, se bx cb'j&ab ceC'^^ bo aa 
yBeceJienie, ho xjianHOBpoBHO. „0, xBapb, lyBcxEBxejiBHiflmaa 
H3X Bcbxx seMHopoAHBixx! Ha xo JIB xefit AaHH nepBu?" 

Bojid^e Bcixx atBBoxHHXx TCJOB^Bx jik)6bix co6JK);^eHie ceoera- 
(ijarooCpasifl, cxpeMJienie bx BOxopoMy (bx bba^ onpjiXHOCXB) saaii- 
Haexca b y H'^Boxopuxx 3B']&pefi, b hxbi^x. IIpefiAeMx MOJiHanieMS 
oxoxy BX yBpameniK) csoero x'^ja, npeM^j^qaeMyH) bo bc^xx na^ 
po;iaxx, B AHBBXx, B y«ieH'£8mBXx; yMOJiiBMx, cbojl Bct yBpa- 
menia ypo;i;yK)xx xijo bm^cxo ycyryfijeHia ero Bpacoxa. Kor^a- 
2ce H3fliAH'6fimifl ^) HepxEi B8o6pa3BXB xo^exx qejOB^Bx,. xo ohx 



*) Cip. 51/ 

^) GTp. 52. AoBOA'B EHHtoEHxi Bereiapies'B, 



— 94 — 

-HsoCpaasaeT'B earocTB. OfijieKH bx wejKjiy Me;iimeBcKyH) BeHepy. 
oiia HE^To HHoe tfy^exi, resx paaepamnan o/ceMauKa eeponefi- 
CRRX'B ctojihi^'b: jitBaa pyEa ea i^'J^JiOMyApeHH'J^e bc'&x'b 60o6pa- 
SHMBixi OAe^BA'B. Ci /ipyrofi CTopoHEi: Bjiacu pacxepsaHHue, Jiai^e, 
Hcnea^peHHoe mseHieHi, sojioHieMi h BpacROio, yme hjih hoc^b 
j^upflBBie, ry6u pasp^saHHBifl h t. u. IIpHBuqRa sacTaBjraeT'B ea- 
xojs,JiLTh yRpameHieMi to, ht6 mu caHn ci H'^ROTOpOK) otm^hok) no- 
HHTaeii^ 6e3o6pa3HOCTbK). HTasi onpaTHOcxb h fijiaronpncTofi 
HOCTb, cBoficTBeHHUfl qejiOB'J^By, yqcTJiH 6bi ero coxpaHeHiio cbo- 
ero o6pa3a vh npapo^iBOMi BHji'b, ccjeh 6£i npeBpaTHOCTB ne 
yiHjra ;^py^OMy. S^icb npe yJ^o6flOM'B cjywfe Paj^ameBi paspa- 
aKaeica CTpacxHOK) THpa;^ofi npoTEBx oOHiearo bi ero Bpena 
lopHAHRO-RpHMHHaJiHCTnqecRaro HJieHOBpejiHTeJtCTBa: „A th, o 
npeBpaTHtfimiS hsi Bctxx, h6o ynoTpe^Jaenib eacHJiie BJiacTH, 
mKOHodaeeuz — mmphl Iloqio ;^ep3ae^IB ypoj^oBaxi. 6j!aroo6pa- 
sie TOJiOBiRa? Ohi, xots npecxynBHRi, do TOT^ ate ^ejiOB'^Ri. 
Bhbkhh Bi ero eCTecTBeHHOCTt, yBH;^Hmb, ito 6jraroo6pa3ie eaiy 
JLHEO T^Mib, Kto acHSHb eiiy Aajx. Tei yHaqa-iRBJii ero na^e 
Bcasia xBapn, oxieM.ia y Bero ofipasoBame. H RaRaa bx tomi 
nojibBa?" ^) 

Cji']k;(cxBieM'B e'I^hchocxh bx eepBeHHOM^ cjiomeEia h pasApa- 
a^BxejibHOCxn bt* cjioateBin ^h6pob'b ne.iOB'^R'B naqe bc^xi ecxb 
cymecxBO coy^acxByiomee (coyqacxBOBaHie h bi^ SBipaxx npHM*- 
qaexca). ^a.ib BH^^'&xb o6e3o6pameBie jiase neojiymeBjreHHaro 
(pasBajiHHbr, cji'ikjtbi onycxomeHia oxi orna h cxajH, cji'I^ah re'^Ba 
CTHxifi, Hanp., 3Er6jeHia seyuin), rjy6oRonpoHHii;aH)n^aa ne«ia^b 
o6oft;iexi xBoe cep;[i^e, h th, ccjih xh ne RaMeHb, noxpacenibca 
H sanjanenib ^)! 



*) Ctp. 55. 

') IlpHSHaKH jHTeparypHaro eanpaBJieHi/i ceHTHnieHTajiiicHa (GrepHi i 



— 95 — 

CTp-ljia 6oj[£8HH n^oxoAET-b ;^yiny, oco6eHHo, sor^^a iiii 
npHcyTCTByeMi upn TepsaHiaxi acHBOXHaro. OduKHyex ce6ji npn- 
MtHjiTs Ko Bceny, HejoB^Ki bi CTpa2K;iymeMx spHTX ce6a. Yae 
^yecTBie nocpei^CTBOMx opranoBT rjrasHUX'B nponsBOAHT'L y^acL. 
A cjiymaa B03ri, xpnnJi^Hie h TOHflii^eecfl ^Rypqaaie, tau npH- 
xojjHMi; Bi HSCTynjeHie. ^yBCTBOBaeie ^pe;^BapaeT^. paacy^By: 
OfliMOJi^HTX, H CTpaai;ieT'B ecTecTBeHHocxt. ^ejioBiKi cone^ajHxca 
HejoBiKy H coBecejiHxca ewy. Bofi;i;HB'B xpaMHHy, r^i Becejiie pac- 
npociepjo asHSHOAaxejiEHyH) inacTb cbok> bi cepAii;a, rjifb pyRn 
njiemyrx, h hofh conyxcxByioxx Bocxopry, anane rpy;^B, Hcnoa- 
Heflnaa yxtxH, ofipasyexx oacB bi pa;^OBaHie, h ropxaHB noexi: 
H ecjiir iH He AjiLijecx'B hjih He Thmohx, — xh ne Bocnoenib jih 
CB noK)in;HMH, He yMHoateniB jth xopoBow njiamymBXi? — PasBi 
JHfliB no ipaxjocxH.... Th ne xokmo co^yBCXByiomee cymecxBO, 
I HO u no;^paa?axejiLHoe: xaMi>, r^t OnpcB BaRXOBi Boopy^eHX 
^iHCTaexi, BaK'b ne 6eixl BaKxanxoMx? 

Cie coyqacTBOBanie qeJOB-fcEy xojihko cocymecxseHHO, mxo 
JBa HeM'B ocHOBajix OHt cBoe (acxexH'iecKoe) yBecejienie, kx ne- 
Majofi qecxH H3o6p'fcxeHiH) pasyna ^ejiOBiqecKaro cjiyacamee. 
UoaxoMy xasx h ;i'£3cxByH)xi na naci nseaanie JlaoEOoea, 
npoHSBe^eHia Roppedofdn^ AAh6aua, AmeAUKu Eay^Mam^ a 
^na no3opHm1>" CeacMepxHua npoH3Be;(eHia BoAhmepa^ Facuna^ 
nicKcnupa, MemacmasiHy MoAhepa h MHoraxx ^ipyrnxx, ne 
iiCKATouaH H Haraero CyMapoKoea ^). Mepona, Sonnpi, PHHap;^'B, 
MaK6exx — boxi xhah, oco6eHHO noxpacaiomie PaAHmeBa. „0 
^jBcxBHxeJbHOCXb, cjia^Koe b sojiiomee ;^yfflH cboAcxbo! xo6oh) 
8 6jia3KeH%, xo6oH) cxpa«;^y! Hpe^cxaBtxe ce6i xeaxpajBHoe no30- 
puiue H Bcli ero yx'i^xH A-^a o^a h yxa: exo CBaaaxs Moisexs, 



^) CTp. 58. JiDoonuTHoe am naci conocTaBienie HnieRi ApaHaTyproBi (no 
lossptHiK) PaAHmeBa). 



— 96 — 

^TO ?ej[OB'&B'B He upesume scero Ha seMJi'b nocTaBJieHi^. Sjs/bch 
T^jUnm^eB'h xkuBLerh aBTo6iorpa<|^HqecBoe npHseaHie: ^yeecejeme 
iOHHxi ]s,Eei HOHxx! BXEOTopoHy cep^ti^e Moe ctojb 6ujio npH- 
ji'^njieHO, Bx BoeM'B HHsor;^a ne no^epoaji pasBpaTHOCTH, ots 
Boero OTJiOfl.vLA'b Bcerj^a na^e h na^e yAo6peHHHB^ 6y;(b mobhi 
^a^aHi KCTHHHHMi» ynpaxHeHieM'B, a ne Tpaxoio Aparoi^i^H- 
naro BpeueHu!^ 

^ejOB'j^B'B ecTB cymecTBO nojipaHiaTe;iBHoe; no^tpaaKanie ecTs 
nocji'^AOBaHie npe^^XHAyn^aro h OTpacjB coy^acTBOBanifl. Bosj^ep- 
SHMCfl HSCJi'ljioBaTB, Rasofi MexaHusM'B cyni;ecTByeT'B bx no;tpa- 
^samH H coy^acTBOBaniH, saBi BH^^innifi ofipasi njHSByBi o6pa- 
syH)!^ namy BHyTpeHHOCiB. BcexaBH aBTopi npHBo;(HTi ;[Bt 
rHHOTesu KacaiejiBHO axoro Be^iBBaro rHOceojuorH^ecBaro Bonpoca. 

npO0CXO;^HTX jIH to, B'B I CJiy^BLi, BaBHMH-JHCo JEyiaMH, OTpa- 

^aion^HMHCfl OTi BHtmHBX'B T'&jix (Ba^i 6yAT0 dJeBTpeqecRoe Beqe- 
ctbo, HcxoAflmee saBocTp'^HiflMH) n necyn^nMH ofipasi Ha cl^ib^ 
rjra3HyH) nocpejiCTBOM'h ce^THJibHaro seniecTBa; npossBOAHT'B je, 
Bi ^(pyroM'B cjiyqa']^, ssyB'B, pa3AaH)n;ificfl bi» yxi HaHieMi, h 
THMnani onaro yAapflH)n];ifi, — bi nepBaxi AposaBie^ noAo6Boe 
CTpyHHOMy opyAiH) (hto BipoaTHo);— hjih HepBeaHuB cokx, npiaBs 
Bi ce6fl BH'6niHie o6pa3£i, coA^JiBiBaeT'B BHyxpenHOK) HyBCTseH- 
HyH) HMi cxoACTBeHHOCTB? 3x0 Bce AoraABH. Mu He csaseHi. 
Kafc? 3X0 npoHcxoAHxi (ne B-i^^aeMi npsqnHx), a npocxo: ouo 
ecnih. JI^dLBEO BciMx hsb^cxho, hxo, ^cHByqn cb ApyrHMH, qe-io- 
B^Bi npieMjexi bxi hphbuhbh (BaB'B Aini^ o6jiaAaH)T'B ne tojebeo 
npHBEiqBaMH po^Hxejiefi hjh HacxaBHHBOBx, ho ^asse hxi cxpa- 
cxbmh). HeyAHBHxejibHO, hxo lacxoe, AOJroBpeiieHHoe noBiopeme 
nOHtexi o6paxnTBCfl B'B npHBH^By; ho noApaxaxejBHOCXB xaB'B 
CBOficxBeHHa qejiOB^By, hto e^HHOe MrHOBenie npHBO^Hxi ee bi 

A^fiCXBHTeJIBHOCXb. 

npHM'bpx: Ct^uniowd bx oxb^ti Ha o6BHHeHie noBejii TOJny 
fijiaroAapiiTb 6otob% sa no6'£Ay9 OAepautHHyio hoa'b ero Bos^e- 
HieMx. Aecflxafl aoja ne cjiuuiajia ero nspeqenin, ho ohx no- 



— 97 — 

mejix, APysBfl sa ehmi, — h bc*]^ Mam^HajiBEO nocji^AORajiB hmx. 
MecMepZj aoBaro po^^a epanx, oCHOBaBx CBoe HCEyccTBO Ha ec- 
TecTBeHHOM^ noApasaHiif, RasajiocB, upviBOju/iA'h bi ;iBs:KeHie chjxv 
HeHBBicTHyK). Ho ecjiH 6u nojiyMajiH, ^to bc* siBawTx, eCwiH 
ojiHBi siBHexii BT> CKy^HOM'L coSpaniH, — TO MecMepoBO HyAO He 
KasajocB 6hi laKOBUMt ^). Ct\jisLm,ie okojo qana co;iporajiHCfa, 
e;^Ba bh^^a o;^Ho^o bx co^tporaniH. Boo6paaieHie jih, hjh ;ipyroe 

HTO AiSCTBOBaJH Haji;'!. HHMH, HO nOXpflCeHie HepBeHHOS CHCTeMH 

HCTHHHO BC'b qyBCTBOBajiH. Bt MarHeTHSMi — flBHoe jtOKasaTejiL- 
CTBO noApaaaTeJiLHOCTH Henpeo6opHMofi. 

PasjiHqie nojOBi ecTB noBceMicxHoe nocTaHOB;ieHie npn- 
po^H: na hcmx ocHOBano coxpaneHie poicoBi) a^HBOxHEixi h pac- 
Tenifi, a motkox'b 6Bixb, HCKonaeMHX'B ^). Ctojb ate oOmifi saBOH^B 
npHpo^^H— no6ya;ieBie o^Horo nojja K'B;^py^0My; CHJia iipHxaate- 

Hia (bTE» XHMHqeCKHX'B CMeJKHOCTflX'B) He ;^ifiCXByeTX JIH H B-B 

opraHnqecKHXi x'fcjiaxT>? ^^mx dojiie BHUKaroxx rt. j^iama npa- 
po;^BI, x^MX BHAHMa Hanfiojiie npocxoxa saKonoB-B ea. Ha paa- 
jiB?iH nojiOBx ocBOBana crjohhocxb b'b o6n;e;RHxiH), hsx BoeB 
npoHCxeBaioxx paBJiH^HBia HeJioBiqecKia ckjiohhocxh h cxpacxn. 
Hsx pasjiH^ia hojobx CJI'fe;^yeTX hxi BsaeMHaa ckjiohhoctb, cxojb 
cjia^ocTHaa b'b cepjiub AofipoAixejiBHOM'B, cxojib sB'fepcKaa— bx 
pasBpaxHOMrB. KopeHB ea nojiomcH'B npappAOK) xaEx rjiyfioKO, qxo 
eAHHCTBOHHoe ^iBHSjeHie pacxenift, Kaasymeeca npoBSBOJEBHEiM-L, 
oxHOCHXca Kx Hefi. „3 roBopio ba^cb o x. Has. cufb pacmemti^. 

B'B atHBOXHux'B 8xa CMOHHOCXB HMieTx BpeMOHHoe aI^H- 
CTsie. B'B HOJiOB'feK'fc OHa— Bcerj^ainnaa, noumu ctojtb a:e neofi- 
xo;i(HMaa, ho ona noA^HHena bi Heii'B oqapOBaHiaMT* npiaxnocxii. 
H octaBjieHa ero ynpaBJieHiio, BBiCopy, npoasBOJiy h ywipeH- 
HOCTH. Ofla pasBopsaexca bx MJiaAOcxH, ho nosme, ^iui y. 



') Cip. 62-63. 

2) Gp. Bume, cip 85. 



— 98 — 

^CpyrHXi acHBOTHHX'B H (noTOMy?) oHa ^po;^OJIatHTeJIbHie. Oea 
conparaeTx bo BsanMHufi coh)3'b HenpuHy;K;(eHHO f cbo6o;cho, 
Hep-fc^iKO Ha i^ijiHil B^KX. Kto, KpoM* HejiOBinecKHX'jb cynpy- 
roBX, Momex'L CKasaxB: mm A^Si njOTB e^HHa, mh jijuibl e^^nHas! 
„0 cja;iocTHH8 coiosx npapojiH! hohto th tojhko h ctojb 
HacTo 6HBaenib ypo;roBaHx?" *), 

Otx J106BH cynpyateefi npoHcxeKaeT'B jiioCoBt MaiepHaa, 
Maxb po;^Hxx h naxaexx ;^Hxa (npaqeMx santqaxejibHO, hto 
3y6bi coBepmaioxcfl nsi bh;iiim£ixi» bi qejiOB'i^E']^ HJieeoBi aoai 
Bcixx). 001031 HX^ ecxb noiXH MexaHHHecKifl; xasoe Hspe^eflie 
Hxi He yHH3Hxx^ h6o axoxx coiosi ecxb opraenqecKifi, 6y;^eTi 
HpaBcxBeHHHM'B H j^yxoBHHMx, Kor^^a pasBepsHyxca Bcfe chjih 
HOBopoat;^eHHa^o. lyBCXBOBapia npeHsaniiBBJii! bx Bacx jieacHXi 
KopeHb BcaKia ;^o6po;^iTeJIH. Hanjiroxifiraee qy;^OBH^^e Msr^Hxca 
ceMeficxBeHHOH) jiiofioBbK). Eh) npnpo^Ta npexoprjia CKHxame 
3Bipoo6pa3Haro qejiOB^Ka. IlepBOc o6iAecxBO bosbhrjio bi jiovii 
oxe^ecKOMx. IIpo;iojiatHxejibHoe MjajDcen^iecxBO h iohocxb npiy- 
Haioxx Kx oSmeatHxiK) nesaMixHo. IIpHBHqKa, 6jiaro;iapHOCXb, 
ysaMteHie jjijraiox'b cefi coiosx HaHTeepjtiflniHMi. ^ejEOBisx 
coBiianrb j[,Ji& o6ni;effiHxia, h nosjioe coBepmeHHO-iixie ero Bocnpe- 
TExx, ;ia qeJOB^KH ho pasHjiyxca, KaKi SBipn. Pycco! Kyjia 
xe6a 3aBJieKJia HyecmeumeAhuocmb HeoCxaxnaa ^)! 

^ejiOB^Ky (h m. 6, atoBoxHOMy Boofiniie), Kaateica, cboSct- 
BeHHO BHyxpeHHoe ou^yn^eHie npasaro a nenpaBaro: ne jifkJiaA 
;^pyroMy xoro, qero ne xo^enib, tcoCi xeCi cjiy^HJOca. 3to 
npaBHjio, ec-iH ho npoHCTeKaexx h3'B qyscxBHxejibHaro CJoaKema 
qejOB^Ka, xo pasB*! nanepxaHO bx nacx nepcxoMx BceB^qnaro. 
Bci JiatH, BJiofibi, yCHBCXBa ho bx CHJiaxx onpoBeprnyxb cero 



^) CTp. 65 

•) Cip. 67. ABTopi yKaauBaeii na paacyTKACHie Pycco HepaBeecTB*. 



— 99 — 

^jBCTBOBaHifl. Bo3HBKinaji cxpacTB sanHpaeii rjiacB Hy6CTBHTe;iL- 
BOCTH, — HO HeyateJiii HixB ea, KO^;^a JieatHX'B nonpaHaa? 

E;^HeoMy nejiOBhEy yjiajioca noBnaTt^ qxo cymecxsyexi Bceo- 
Tem, BceMy Haaajio, Hcxo?hbri> bc^xii cbjx. He paaim^eMXy 
;(oxo;iHX'B jlvl qeJiOBtEi ao aosHaHia Eora pasyMOMx (BOSHOcacfl 
OTT> A'IficxBifi Rx npH^HHaMx H R^B Bucmefi npHHBH'i HaROHei^x), 
«ji» npoHCxeRJO oho oxx y;saca, ;ih6o pa^ocxe h 6jiaroAapHOCXH. 
CaMX jiH ohx ero ce6i cjioata j*b, hjih nojiyqajix oxRy;i;a, ho bx ^e- 
JOBiRi ecxb noHaxift o BceBaniHeM'B CymecxB*. Kor^a pasyM'L 
H ce^AUfi He saxM'^Baioxca cxpacxaMH, bca hjoxb naiua on;yn;a- 
ex'L BHHiHfOH) BjacxB, RaRi 6u ee hh nasBaxB. H FoSOecz^ h 
CnuHoaa omymajiD ee. Ecjh xbi hb HSBeprx, o nejiOB'iR'B, xo 
Oxi^a CBoero xbi nyBCXBOBaxB ^oJiateffB, h6o Ohi noBCiOAy: Ohx 
vh xe6i atHBexx, n hxo xbi qyBCXByeniB, ecxB ;iapx Bcejio- 
^am,aro. 

HxaRi, nosHanie Eora MOJsex'B npoHCxeRaxB nsx e^BEBifl 
Hamea lyBcxBHxejiBHOCXH: cie noBHanie ecxb ynpaatHenie, Bejiy- 
mee Rx BepniHHi seMHoro tfjiaateHCxsa, BnyxpeHHaro y^OBOJiBCx- 
Bia, ;io6poA4xe^H. CMepxHBifi, nosnaBaH Bora! Ohi ffiHe-B, — h 
XH ;^H^Ie^IB. Ohx atoBx Sy^exx bo BiRH, — bi xefii atHBexi na- 
;ie»;iaj qxo h xh npHqacxeHi (JyjteniB CeBCMepxiio. OxBepaa o^h 

XBOH, H ySpHHIB BcCOXI^a BO CBixi! 

Jl^ajiie coqHHHxejiB xoxijix-CHJio pa3cya:;iaxB o CJIi;^. npe;t- 
nexaxx: pasjnqiH Jio^efi bi bx^ qyBCXBOBaniax'B n cxpacxaxi 
H cxeneHH ohbixx b'b Ras^OMi qejiOB^R'^; oxnero saBHCXB, xen- 
nepaweHXH? OxRy;ia pasjHHia bi npeACxaBJieniaxx Bo^tecxBa? 
^TO OHO Hacxo noxoaie na HejOB^Ra, xo Hey;^HBHxeJ[BHo: qejio- 
b'6r'b ero nsotfpa^aerB, h noejiHBy owh ?ejtoB']^K3, sa ^ejiOB^Ra 
ap'bTB He Moxex'B. PasjiHYie HpaBOBX, npaBJieait n npo?. ^). 



') Gip. 69, npHK. 



._ 100 — 
STHXt pascyatAeHiS Pa;^HI^eB'B ne bhqojihhjix (^HaHepxajis 

TOJIBBO") a nepeXOAHTX Et OfimHM'B SaKJIFO^eHiflMX. 

06o3P'6b'b HejioeiKa Bt ero HyBCTBOBaHiaxx h npoHCTeEaw- 
maxx Hst HHXx /^ftfiCTBiaxx, aBTopx xoxiji'L 6h noKasaTb era 
BO Bcefi ero cjiaB-fc, BOSHOcamaroca npeBHoie Bcero xBopeHia. 
Jl^jia. aioro HyaiHO 6h toemo Bosapixb Ha Bcfe ero HBofipixenifly 
BUMUcjiii B xBopenifl (nayEH, xy;(0HcecxBa, o6ii;ecxBeBHaa cbasb, 
saEOHii), Ho npn axoMt jKe mh yBH;^HM'B, hxo cie cymecxBO^ 
conpnqamaiomeeca TBopriy BcejienaHa, Hepi^KO ypoACXByen, 
safijiyaiwex'L h, npe^^e h^mi j^ocaraex-B hcxwhh, fipo^HX'L bs 
xtMi, poffi^aa nejiinocxH. mu% HaHnane BOSHOCHinBca, xiMt 
nane aBJiaeniLca CM^moH'E. Ho n saCjiy^^eBia nejiOBi^aa ;toKa- 
BUBaioxi MHCJiamee ero cym,ecxBo; MBia^ib ecxb ero HaHCBoS- 
cxBeHHiamee Ea^ecxBO. 

Bo emopuxb mh BaMtnaeMx; MHoria yMCXBeHHua chjiu ?e- 
jiOB'isa CJ']^;[yH)xx saEonaMi ecxecxBeHHOcxn: CHja 60o6paseBia 
BaBHCBxi oxi EJinMaxa; npaBJieeie, saEOHsi, HpaBBi h o^H^aa^ 
Aa;Ee xen^aa xpaMHHa H3M'£Haioxi> npHpoacAeHH&ia cBoficxBa. He 
oxxoro jiH npoHCxeEaiox'B h HecoofipasHOCxa, npaMixHEia qacxo 
B'B jiiOACEnx'B Hpanaxi^ h saEOHono^ioaceHiax'E? 

Bx mpemhuxd saMixHO pasjnqie yMCxseHBiEix'B chje-l y pas- 

HHXl HapO^OBX H y OXAijBHHXX JIHI^T>. Ho COBepHieHCXByaCb^ 

(EaEi HH^ifii^H, ;tpeBHie rpeEH, OBponefii^u), napo^H Moryxx 
6uxB paBHBi Meac;^y co6ok). PasBepaseHie Hapo^Haro pasyna aa- 
BHCHTi» oxi cxeneBia ciacxjiHBHX'B oficxoaxejiBcxBx. Ho HHase 
Ha;^o cy^HXB o pasjiHHiH pasyiia y ox^ijiBHBix'B jno^eB: ocxpo- 
yMHHa ;^OEa3axeJIBCXBa/fe;lft(?e^^^/loe;^HHOCH.!IiH pasyMOBx cJ!a6H '). 

Bx Hemeepmbixr. yMCXBeHHiia cbjibi — hhhto npa pom;^eHiHy 
pa8Bep3aK)xca, coBepmeHcxByiox'B, doxom'b xyn'j^iox'B, 0€J[a6iBaK)xs 



^) Cip. 72. 



— 101 — 

1 Hc^esaiOTi; cia nocTeneHHOCib cj!'6;ryeT'B nocieneHHOCTH bi 
pasBepaKeeiH h yHHiToateHiH CHJit TiJiecHHxx; ecxb xicHoe co- 
npaseaie Mesjuy yMCTBeHHUMn cnjiaMH h njOAOA^HTejiBHHM'L 
coKOMx. CBHjjiTejiLCTByioT'B TOMy 6pa;ia, hjih fiesyMie, ;iifiCTBie 
flemacTHaro caMopacxjitHia ^). 

SaxiMx Pa;^HI^eB^» coofimaext ^h^^xo o yMCXBCHHiixi 
CHJiaxx, AiHcxBOBaHin yMCXBCHHHXi chjix h nxx ^y- 
Whocxh''. 

^ejOfiiKT. HM'feex'L CHJiy 6HXb o semaxt CBi^OMy. CuAa 
nomauiH^ cji^yexx , Moatex'L cymecxBOBaxh h xor;ta, BorAa 
^ejOBiBi He noBHaexx. Cji'i;iyex'B (?), qxo 6Hxie Bemefl nesaBH- 
CHMo oxx CHJiH HOBBaHifl RiATh H cymecxBycxi no ce6i. 

Beu^H Mu ao3HaeM'B aboabo: 1) nosHaBaa nepeii'bflii, bo- 
Topuji Ben^n nponsBOAflTrB b'b chji']^ nosnaHifl, 2) nosHaBaa coidsx 
Beo^efi CB saRonaMH chjibi nosnaHifl h cx saBOHaMH Benned. 
IlepBoe— (»^6/»^^, Bxopoe — pa.'fcyotcdeuie. Ontixx 6HBaexi j^BoaKift: 
1) HyecmeeuHOcmh, noejHBy CHJia nOHaxia nosHaex'B Bewjs. ^yB- 
cxBOBanieMt ^), — a nepeMina, bx ohoA ^poHcxo;^HMaa, — nyscx- 
BeHHufi ontix^; 2) EosHaHie oxHoraema Bemefi Meawy co6oh) — 
pa3y^t^, a CB4;ieHie o nepeMinaxi Haraero pasyMa — onaxx pa- 
syMHiifi. — ]locpedcmeoM6 naMHtnu mh ecnoMuuaeMZ o HcnHxan- 
HEixx nepeM'feHax'B Hamefi qyBCXBeHHOcxn. CBi^tenie o HcnHxan- 
HOMX HyBcxBOBaniH nasHBaeMt npedcmaeAeHte. 

[lepeM^HH Hainero aoeaxia, npoHSBOAHMiia oxHomeHiauH 
Ben^efi Me^jty co6oh), eaBUBaeifL mucau. Easi HyBCXBeHHocxL 
ox.ieqaexca oxx pasyMa, xaBi oxjiaqaexca npeACxaBjeeie otl 
MBicJiH. HHor^ia 6K[xie sen^efi mm nosHaeMi, He ncnaxya ox% 
Hnxx nepeMiHU b^ chji'S noHaxia naniero. Cie ecxi> pascyofcdeuie: 



*) Ctp. 73. 

*) Pa^HmeBT) He oTjiHiaeti bi ncHXOJiorHiecKOH KOMeHKJiaTyp'fe— nyB- 
OTBOBanifl OTT) ffMfbwHMo^j Hyecmeh, 



— 102 — 

cnjiy nosHadifl bi oTHomeHiH cefi cnoco6HOCTn uu HasHsaeMs 
yMOMh h;ih paacydnoMh, HiaKT) pascya^AeHie ecTb ynoTpe6jieBie 
yaia hjih pascy^Ka. Pascy^K^enie ecTb npHfiaBjenie EXonHxaMi: 
B'B 6umiu BeiufiH viBsme uejihss y^^ocxoB'j^pHTBCfl, Eas^ ^pesi 
on«>/m9. Bnpo?eMX, Bcb cIh Bn;i(£i cn^u nosHaHia se pasjin^HBi: 
OHa ecTB e^HHa h uepsiSjijkjiEUB, ^). 

VsLdjij^o6jisisi ee, hjie npiuarafl hi pasHiiM'B npe;iMeTaMi, 
TLeJiOB'bKT> BOs^iBHrx HpocTpaHHoe sjtaHie HayKH: ycTpenHJica bi 
0TAaj[eHH']^fiiniH Epaa BcejeHHUH, npoHHE^ bx coEpoBeHai^Sinifl 
Hi^^pa ^pHpo;^H, ;^ajii Mipy SesHpeA^JiBHOMy h BiqHOMy, ;^ep3- 
Hyjix o^'EflTB MHCJiiio caMOFO TBopAa. MeJOBiEi, Aaffie aa koc- 
BeHHOft CTesi, HHcna;i;afl h atHBOxBOpa Meqiania, bbjihei h Bory 
noApaarafoiuB. CMepTHufi, BOcnpaHH oti jmi^a seMJiH h ^epsaS, 
Eyw HeceTx Te6a mbicjib, h6o oea ecTB ncKpa BoacecTBa! 

Ceojibeo ecTB cnocoSoBT, nosHaHia, ctojibeo ate nyTefiHKi 
3a6.iyatAeHiH), t. e. ;^Ba. Bx nepBOMx cjiynat mh nosHaeM'B ne-^ 
peM^HH Bx coficTBeHHoft HyBCTBeHHocTH; 3a6jiy5B;ieHie aioro poja 
saBHCflTx He OTX Beii];H u ea ;['6ScTBia ea BaiOH nyBCTBa, ho 
OTt pacnojfoaseHia naraeft ^yBCTBeHHOCTH: BHimnia Bemji ^48- 
CTByfOTx na Haci> copasM^^pHO OTHomeHiio, B'B saEOMi cb naMH 
Haxo;^aTCa. BojiameMy atejiTyxo2 Bce Eaatexca meJixie, xoxa pas- 
Apo6j[eHie cojrneqHaro Jiy?a, EaEi n npea^Ae, ceAMHHHO, h pasjianie 
i^B'j^xoBi oxx poa^A^Hia y 6oJiaii;aro oj^HHasoBO co bcI^mh. Ho 
cyAHXB uoa^ex'B o ceni jiHmB xoxi, exo BE^'bA'h npeAMexu bi 
^^pyroMi CBixi. Roaoeojh fiiexi, h cjinmamifi H;^ex'B Ha c6o- 
pHii^e, a rjyxoro nyacxBa ofiMaHyxx, h ohi cEaatexi: Mens He 
noBin^ajin. TaEOBBia 8a6;iyac;(eHia n cJii^ACXBia ohbixx (hobeia 
3a6jiysA6Hia) MHoroHHCJieHHH h Hey;^o6o-oupeA'fe•IfleMH. 

Em.e 3a6jiy»AaeMca mu, ecjie SHaeiib jhozkho oxBomenie 



») Ctp. 75. 



103 



Bemeffl neatj^y co6ofl. Oho ecTB nenpeMiHHO. ho jroatHOCTB — bi 
HameMx nosHasiH. Hanp., no saKOHani nepcueRTHBU hsx AByxx 
npeAMeTOBi 6jiBxafiniifi BaaseTCfl 66jii>iii0Mx. Ecjih Heo6BiEmiiM'B 
o^aifx OHH noKamyiCfl paBHU, to cpaBHenie 6yjQ[eTi> jiosho. H60 
BejcH^QHa He ecTb caMa no ce6^y ho OTHOCHieJibHoe noHiiTie; 
npoBCieBaiontee ot'l cpaBHeniji. ?bc;i'0 no;io6Hnxi> ^a,6J^yssiJ^eBiil 
npoBCxoAHTi OT^ pascy^KA^Hifl. Jl^McTBie hxx CBjiBH'fee n npo- 
^lOJiatHTejbHie, npeojuoJiiHie t^mx Tpy^nie, ^^mx ;^aJI'fee ohh 
OTCTOflT-B OTX Ha^ajia ^). 

Ki pascyjBAeHiH) Tpe6yK)TCfl ab'& bcii^h, boh ;(OCTOBipHUMH 
npe;(noj[araH)TCfl: 1) coioai, B^ cji'i^^^CTBie Boero mh cy;i;E[Mi> h 
2) Beni,L^ H3X coK)3a Boea nosHaxL ^ojlseleo Beu^H, ne no;i;j[e^aB- 
mifl onuxy. npeAQOioseaifl aasHBaiOTCfl nocuAKaMU, a nosHanie, 
BOSHHsaioniee hsx hhx'b, — saKAWHeuie. TaBx saBii hochjibh cyis 
npe^JioseHifl ohkltos'l h HSBieHenifl hs'l nnxx, to saBJEioqenifl 
BSi nocaJiOBX hjih pa3cy2B;^eflie ecxb xoJibBO npHdaBjenie ouHxa. 
SHa^HTi, H TaBHMi oGpasojifB Mu uosnaeM'L Ben^u, bohxx 6uTie 

nOSHaHO OHHTOMX. 

3a6jiym;^eHifl ?pe3B£i'iaSH0 qacTH, ho hsfa'^ xaBx, BaBx bi 
paBcy»;^eHiH. CBepxi Toro, ^to h qyBCTBeHHOCTb woateTi nacB 
ofiifaHyxb, H HTO MU MOJBGM'b xy^o no3HaTb coK)3u Ben;e3 (bjih 
HXi oTHomeHie), HH^ero h^tx Jierqe, saBx hsbjio^b npoBpaTHoe 
saBJiEo^enie hsi nocHJiOBi. Tucahh Tbicfl?efi Bemefi npexopraioTX 
mecTBie paBcyAsa. Cbjeohhocth, cxpacTH h A^se cjiyHafinbifl 
BHiiDHOCTH ^acTO poJE^iaiOTTb HOJiinocTH, BMtn^aa Bx cpejty pa3- 
cy^KAGHia nocTopoBHie npe;^MeTH. EoBH^HMOMy, BecbMa JierBO 
onpei^jHTb npaBis.ia9 BaBsM'b cjib^yeTL paBcyjK^eHie. Ho npe- 
js,Y&hsRjs,eEia h CTpacTH yBjesaioTi bopmhjio pasyMa. E^HHaa 
jtHOCTb H Hepa;^'feHie npoHSBOj^aT'b mhoxcctbo joatHHX'B pascya:- 
;;eHi8, CJ'feWTBia bohxI) HCTopraiOTi cjieBH. 



') CTp. 78 



104 



KpoM'fc 9Toro pa3cy2K;^eHm (npsMo HStonHxa), ecxB emepa 
po;^a ero, KOxopHa B03Bo;iaT'B neJiOBiKa ki CBixjiifiniHM'B hcxh- 
HaMx, HO H npH4iiHaK)xx CMtinHifiiuifl 3a6jyat;i;eHia: axo — ypas- 
HCHie H cxoi^cxeeHBOCxs. Ohh ocHOBaHH Ha KsyxTy Henpejoa- 
Huxx npaBEjiaxT): 1) paBHiia h ojiHHaBOBBjfl BeniH cocxoflxi bx 
paBHOMi HjiH OiTHHaKOBOM'L coiosi (oxHomeHin), 2) cxoicxBee- 
HKra Ben;M HMtioxB cxo;^cxBeHBoe oxnonieHie (cofos'b). Hama 
ofiHKHOBeHHifiinia cyat;i;eHifl ocHOBaHH na cxo;^cxBeHHOCXH; ;ia 
H BaatHtfiniHXx Bemaxx mh HHaie cy^HTb ne MoateMx. Pas- 
CMaxpHBaa h nyBCXBya xojibEO ce6a, kxo 6a mof'l CKasaxb: co- 
cxaBT. M0& ;^OJIateH^ paapyniHXBCfl, h a 6y;iy MepxBi. Hao6opoxi, 
MBi He HM'j^eHi M'j^pu npo;i;ojrseHifl shshh, h mofjih 6£i saRJEO- 
HHXB, qxo name cjioateHie fiescMepxHO. Ho BH^a CMepxB ce64 
no;io6HHX'B h Bceoomee paspymeHie, mh BaoronaeMx no cxo;i- 
cxeeHHOcxH^ ^xo h mh yMepexb ji;o;iatHH. HxaKt 3a6JIy3K;^eHie 
cxoaxx BOCKpaS hcxhh'!;! Ecjh 6u Harae noBHanie 6hjo nyxpospn- 
xejLHoe, xo h pa3cy;K;^eHie Hanie hm^jio 6h ne docmoethpuocmh^ 
a HCHocmhj h6o npoxHBonojoaceHie 6hjio 6u neBosMoatHO; xor^a 
HejiOB^Et HHKor;ta 6u ne sa^jyatj^ajii h fiujit 6h BoroMi) ^). 

3a6jiya5,5eHia ^eJiOBiKa cyxB hoixh neHsfiirnHH: ohh npo- 
HCxeKaioxx ne xojibko hbi HyBCXBeHHOCxn, ho, KaKi mh noBa- 
aieMi, H pasyMHHa namn chjih onpe^i'i^jafoxca bb'^hihocxbh). 3xo no- 
CJiyjKHX'B HaMT, noGyatAeHieMX CHHCxoj^HxejiBHO BsapaxB ne xojbko 
Ha 3a6jiyat;i;eHia neJiOBi^ecxBa, ho h na caMHa jiypanecxBa ero. 
PaAHni;eBT>, BipHHfi CBoeMy Bcer^tamneMy npHBBaHiio — ajiBOKaxa 
ryMaHHOCXET, AodaBJiaex'B: „Bjia»teBHH, ecan MoaceMi* sa cjiobomi 
naniHM'B na Mfhcmrb cmpotocmu cyotcdenin BOspojtnxB codojifo- 
HOBanie h He;i0BiK0JiK)6ie" ^). 

Bee jiiScxByexTB na neJOBtKa: nama, nnxie, BniniHaa cxyaca 



^) Cip. 82. 
2) Cip. 83. 



— 105 — 

H TenjoTa, Boaiyx'E, ajeKTpnqecKaa h MarHHTHan chjtbi, CBiTx. 
Bjiiaflie sb'Isa'b, npeat;i;e rjiyno noHHMaeMoe, neocnopHMO. HerpH 
H ecKHMH jiOKasHBaioTi BjiiaHie cojHe^iHHX'B jy^eft HOTcyiCTBia 
flxi. Jlyea BUBasuBaeTii ceoe A'^ScTBie na^x hhofbmh yMaJiu- 
ffleHHHMH H B^ ^epio;^HTCCKOM'B flveHCKOM^ HCTeqeeia. MicTO- 
nojomeHie atHJinma (xoxa h ne oj^ho tojlko, ho) mhofo cno- 
coScTByeT^b ofipasoBaHiio: Bce o6pa3yeTx HyBCTBa HeviOBiBa, see, 
HTO yAapaeiib Bsopn, KOJieCjeix cjiyxx, £0^6X1 asHKi h t. n. 
Ci ^yBCTBeHHOCTBK) H MBJCjeHHOCTB noABepacGHa npeBpamemaMi, 
HHorj(a^ npHM'^^TEUM'B o6pa30Mi>; npHM^pn jifkHcTBm BH^niHefi 
npHqHHBi: bx Kaapi, AaiReBiMapcejenpsHitKOTopuxx Bixpaxi 
CHJiBi Ti.iecHHfl H3HeMoraK)TT>, — H jiynia pa3CJia6iBaeTT», h mhcjhts 

TflrOCTHO. 

npHMipEi jtiUcTBia BHyTpeHHHXt npHHHHX. BoAhmcpi^ co- 
HHHflfl, HHJix BejiHKoe MHoiBecTBO KO(|>iK). „3K,flBa MHorie ro;^H 
CI H^Mi^aMH, a npHM-feTHJii, qTO MHorie H3i yqeHHxx MyateS He 
HorJiH BjraBaxBca ynpa^HeniflMi 6331 xpy6BH xa6aBy; OTHnMi? ee 

y EHX-B HB'B pxa, pa3yM'B HXX CXOitXl, KaKl ^aCBI, OXt KOHX'B 

MaexHHKx oxxflxt. Kxo He 3Haex'L, 'ito JLoMOuocoes uamz ue 
MOto nucamh cmuxoeh, ue uarmeaHCH noumu eh noAnhHua eodKon> 
euHOtpaduow?^ ^) PasyMi* HHor;^a A'feficxByex'B acoBie, HHor^^a 
CJiaCie — oxx xy^aro BapeHia sRejyjiKSi. Bi HCxopiH mh cb yata- 
coMt Morjia ycMOxpixb, hxo fii^icxBia D;ijrHxx 3eMejib h napo- 
jtOBX «iacxo saBHcijiH oxx xy;^aro A^ficxBia BHyxpeHHOCXH n 

^HBHqecBia npHqsHU, ^'^ScxByioiilia Ha yMii, mosho pas- 
^[ijiHTB Ha iBa pom: o;ih4 jiiacxByFoxi ooBpeMenHO, npHMixHO, 
H Ha 0TjifbjLhEuxi> jiBOAefi, ;tpyria — HenpaMixHO h CKasHBaioxca 
Ba ^•6JrHXx Hapo;iaxT». Ha;^•B MonmecKhe CM^aJiHCB, hto CBoe 
MH'j&Hie ji^McxBit! RjiHMaxa ohi ocHOBBiBaji'B Ha 3aMopoaceHHQMi» 



^) Cip. 84 



— 106 — 

TeJTflHbeMx asHKt. Ho j^ificiBie KjaMaia (ea Bci xijia 6es% 
paajH^ifl), ecjin He MreoBeHHO, to HpesBunafiHO h no^l/64^69n^ 
^ejiOB^^Ra 663^ ;?BHaro upuuy^JieBis. ya^acHaa nepeM'i^Ha Ha6jiH)- 
jtaeTCfl 61 esponeiiAaxx, nepecejisiiom,nxc& bi HHAiio, A(|)pnRy h 
AMepflKy. AHrjHqaHHHx bi> Beerajit 3a6ii;ii BejiHKyH) xapTiioH 
habeas corpus: ohx naqe BcaKaro HH^McKaro Ha6o6a ^). 

/(.ifiCTBie eciecTBeHHOCTH cianoBHTca abhhm'b h bi ^ejio- 
B^HecEOM'B BOo6paj&eHiE[, ROTopoe Bcer;^a cjii^yeT^ BH'i^niHHM'B 
BJiiflHiflMx B o6pa3yeTCfl jiejBaii];eB> ORpecT'B no3Ta npepojioio. 3to 
UOKHO 6u AORasaTB BnaHCRaMH nax eBponeftcKHX'B h apaficRnxi 
CTBXOTBopi^eB'B, Coadu^ OMupa, Occiaua. „Boo6pa£eHie CaajieBO 
ryjiaexx, JiexaeTi* b^ uBixameMca ca;i;y, OccianoBO Heceica ea 
yiJiOMT) ApeBi noBepxi BajiOBx". Hhkto He ycyMHHTca bx xaKOMi 
BJiiflHin npHpo;tu Ha 60o6pa«eHie, ecJH cpaBHuiL HcnoB^jiaBifl h 
HHOOJoriH paBBUX'L HapoAOBi: HH^i'ikfiGRie 6orn RynaiOTCfl bi 
BOjtaxi MJie9HUxi> h caxapHUXT>, Odum nsex's bhho h3'b qepena 
HHSJEOiReHnaro Bpara. 

KpoM'i RJiHMaxa e DpHpo;iH BooCo^e, ea yMCXBenHocxB ?e- 
jtOB^^Ra A^ScxByioxx o6HqaH h npaBu, a nepBufl yHHxeJb b'b 
H30(>p*xeHiax'ij 6hjix HejiocxaxoR'E. HcnoJiEHTejiBHua pasyMt sa- 
BHCJ^jii Bcer^a oxi mHSHeHHsix'B noxpe^HOCxeS h onpeji[tjifljrcfl 
M^cxoMii sBxejiBCXBa: Jia^ba h cj^xh H3o6p'6xeH£i ^HByo^HMx npa^ 
BOAaxx, jyRx h cxpiju — 6po;^an|HM'B no j^caMi h no ropaMx, — 
nepBiiMi BOHHOMx; o6Hxaxejib jiyroB'B y;(0M0BBJii MHpojiEo6nBiixi 
SBipefi H cxajix CROxoBo;^HTeJIb; KaKoB 6ujli> cjiyqafl KT»H3o6pi- 
xeniH) seHJieA'^jifl, HeHssicxHO (ne csoxoBOj^exejib in^ cornaHBLiS 
CE na^RHXH, cxaji'B noApaasaxB npapo;!;^ ci&flHieM'B sjiaROsx a^a 
naxanifl cBOxa?). SeMJie^'^Jiie npon3Bej(0 pas^'j^ix seMJis na o6- 
juacxH H ^ocy;^apcxBa, nocxpoHJio ;^epeBHH h ropo^a, EFSoOptJio^ 



^) Cip. 87. HaweKi Ha npHTtcHeniH lyaeMueBi. PemaAh, aBTopi HCTopia 
IlHAiH, upHHaA^eatajii si nncjiy jiiodBMbixi o6pa3i^oBi> PaAHmena. 



— 107 — 

peMecJia, pvKOAiJiia, ToproBJiK), ycxpofiCTBo, saKOHH, npaejieHia. 
RaRi CKopo CRasaJi^ qeJoB^Kii: ^cU QHAeeB seMJiH moa!" oh'b 
nparBOSAHJii ce6a Kt seiijit h oxBepBi; uytb SBipooCpasHOMy 
cameAacmm^ Kor^a qejioBiBX noBeJBtBaeT'B 4ejiOB%ROMT»^ ^)* 
Ohi cTaJ^B KjaHflTbcfl BOSJiBBrHyTOMy HMi> caMHM'B 6ory bi 
6arpaBHii4, ho HacKyiHBX CBoeio Me^xofo, nonpa^x ofioroxBO- 
peHBaro a npeTopn> ero jiuxaHie. Botx iiiecTBie pasyMa lejio- 
B^qecsaro. SaBoeu h npaBJienie co^'^3Lu^a^OT^> ero 6jia2KeHHK[M'L 
HJH BBeprawTi wh 6e8;^Hy 6i;^CTBifi. 

B'B Har6eHH0M'B kx seMJi'fe shbothohi cja6ufi Jiyqx pas- 
cyjBa orpaHH^BBaexcfl AByma uoOysRieHiflMH: kx Hac£im,eBiio ce6fl 
H Ki npo;^ojiHteHiH) CBoero po;ia; bt. yAOBJueTBopeHiH exxcoctohtx 
ero 6jiaseHCTB0, ecJiH xasx Moa^HO easmBaxB xynoe ycJiaacA6Hie. 
JKeBOXHoe HCno;iHaeTi 8xo no nenpeofiopHMOMy cxpeM-ieniio. Ho 
^ejOB'bKx, cjnaSufi bx CBoemx cJiOH^eeiH h npa Bci^xx csoaxi 
HeAOCxaTKaxx, CBo6o;ieHx bx AtBcxBiw h noji^nnaexx cbjoh- 
HOCTH — pa3cy;tBy: obx Moatexx BOSBicuxt cboh ^o6y»;^eHia n 
HsfinpaxB. Ohx o^\[Wh aa BeMJii Btjcaexx xywe h aioe, cnoco- 
6eHx Kx J^o6po;^ixeJlH kx nopoBy, kx 6'fe;icxBiK) h 6jia7KeHCXBy.. 
CBo6oAHoe A^uHie conpflrjio ero uepaapusHUMb coiosomx cx 
a&eHOK); cx ceMeficxBeHHOK) jrhbhbio ohx uepeinejix bx o6iKe- 
CTBeHHyH)) no;(qHHH;ix ce6fl sasoHy^ BJiacxH, h6o cnoco6eHx 
npiflTh earpaiiy h HaBasaHie. CxaBx na nyxa npocBtu^eHin, n 
QJi^bn^m A'^flcxBifl cx npuquHaMH sa npe^'&JKu spHMaro h ae- 
spBMaro Mipa, nosnajx ohx yMOMX xo, qx6 npesj^e xojbbo ?yB- 
ciBoaajix: qxo ecxB Borx. 

Pas^H^ie BX yifCXBenHBixx coaxx cxanoBBxcfl x%mx ab- 
CTBeHHie, qiMx ;^OJI•fee oxcxohtx o^^ho noKOJiinie oxx jpyroro. 
06iii;ecxBeHHBi8 paaynx eAHHCXBeHHO saBucuxx oxx BOCQiixanifl. 



') Cxp. 89 (Bi OAHOMT) 3K3eMnjiHpt oneiaTKa: 98, KOTopofl bi apyroMi 

HtTX). 



— 108 — 

Oho npoHSBOAHTx posHHity yMCTBeHHHX'B CHJH Meatjiy jioabmh, 
Ka^yoiyiocfl npHpo^^Hoio. „B% ceMii cjryqa'j^ meicjb Hama pasH- 
CTByeTi OTX reAheemeeoti^ . ^HsamH^finiifi yHHTejibOBOcnHTaniH 
-*2ff. ;i2ff. Fycco^ ^). FejiBBei^ift CTapajica ^tOKaaaxb, hto ^ejco- 
BtEi> HHKor;ta He o6fl3aHi> cbohmx pasyMOMi npHpoA*. Ho ci 

HHMX He MO;KeT'B COrJiaCHTLCa HBKTO, KOMy XOJbEO npHXOIHJIOCB 

Ha<5jiK)AaTb pasBRTie pa3yMHHXT> chjix, h rto Boo6u],e o6paii^aj[Cfl 
ex jtiTBMH. He TOKMO paBoepaceHie 9thxt» chji dy^teTx bi 
KajBAOMi ?ejiOB']&s'fe OC060, HO B caMUfl CHJiu ;iojr»HU hm^tb 
pasHBia cTeneHH. Haap., OiiHHT> qejioeiKi npeBOCxoAHTi ;ipyroro 
naMaiLK). KaKi. hh yBtpaa, hto naMaxb MoaseTi Sbitb npioCpi- 
TOHHaa, HO HCJibsa onpoeeprHyxb, mxo ona ecxb ;^ap'b npapoABi. 
Bi nepBOMX RJiaccJ^ naqajiBHaro yqejien^a, vjii no6ym;^eHifl k'b 
yqeHiH) BecBHa orpanHqeHEi, mbi nocjii o^Horo Bonpoca MomeMi 
y6iAHXBCfl Bi TOMx, Hxo npapojia jiJia o^Horo — Maxb, a jlm 
^pyroro — Mannxa. Ho nixx, ;ia ox;?ajiHMCa xyjenia! Hpepojia 
Bcerw ewna, h ;i4ficxBia ea*Bcer;iia o;^HHaKOBH. — HeocnopHMO, 
qxo pasjiHHia yMCXBeHHBixii chjix asHbi oxx MJa;^eHqecxBa, ho 
Toxx, Kxo oxcTOHTi oxT. xoBapHH^a BX yqefllH, He jiojiffieH'B 6h 
eMy coxoBapnmecxBOBaxb. ^eJiOBiKi Aoxoiiaxi ki coBepraen- 
CTBOBaeiio He oji^hbhi noKOJE'^HieM'b, ho mhophmr, — h axo He 
napaj^OKCb. HlecxBie npHpo;i;M xhxo, nenpHMixHO h nocxeneH- 
ho '). HO H npExoifb en^e dbiBaiox'b ocxanoBKH bx pasBepsReniH 
(x. e, no xenepeniHeMy — bi paseumiu) — Ha cnexx pascy^tsa. 
EcjiH 6li Hwmoua npenaxb Bt ero oCpasoBaniH h nepeceJiHXB 
bx HoByK) 3eJiaH;^iK), hxo 6u ohb B3o6p'fejix? PaBB* Jiy^myio 
jiWK) Ha nperiJibiYie apaoiiHXca BajiOBx. H bx HoboA SejiaHAin 
OHi 6uji'h 611 HioxoHX. Ho cpaBHH C(|>epy ero MBicJiefl ex no- 



*) Cip. 92. HsjaraeTCff ero leopia «o BOcnniaHiH ^pHpo;^u, nejioBtKa, 
Beiiiedi». 

^) Crp. 95. H'bHTO Bpo;tt coBpeaieHUOH TcopiH 3B0JH)i^iH. 



— 109 ~ 

BflBmHM'b nyxb Re6ecuux'h x'fijieci n A0Ra3aBniaM:& ox's BsaHnnoe 
npHTflSReme, — a B^n^afi! Oco6eHHO BUflCH^ieTCfl dio, npn cpaB- 
HeniH pa3H£IX^ napojiOB'B eavl Eor^a mli usy^aeMi ncTopiio 
jMoodpasifl o;(Horo eapo^^a npesi H'i^CROJibBO bIbobi. Cjiy^ajiocb 
^lOBOJbHo HacTO, qTO eBpoaefii^Ei j^aBajs BSflTHM'h Mja^eHBiaME 

j!(HEapflMX CXOACTBeHHOe CO CBOHMl BocnHTaHie. 

,il 3J(tCB MHOFHXX BlHJI,dLJi% TYHrySOBX, BOCnflTaHHUX'L B'B^ 

pyccKHXi ;i;0Maxi): ho na Boapacx't Tynrysi Bcer^a noqxH ^a- 
JCKO oTCxoajx OTb pyccKaro bi CHJiaxx yMCXBeHHHXi> " . Ilpa- 
po^i, noBVLAiiuouy y eysHO r'J&cbojibbo noKO^iteia, 4x0611 ypas- 
flflTL Bx JiiOAiixx yiicxBeHHU)! CHj[£j. Bceofiu^afl nocxeneHBOcxiK 
npBpo;i[Li H B'B 8X0MX cjiy^a^ B'6poflTHa. OpraHU doxombob'b 
dyAyx'B H'J^SB'j^e h xoaq'i^e; spoBb, JiBM^a, oco6j[hbo, nepBeHHafl, 
^pe8;^yx'I> oxx oxi^a bx sapoAunni Jiynrae nepepafioxaHHBiMH. 

Bt xaKoll nocxeneHHOCXH MoryTi oxctoaxb, KaKx sapoA'B 
OTi HapoAa, xaKi h HejiOB^Ki. on qejosiEa; oxeBix mojkcx'l 
;taxi) CHHy Jiyimee BocnHTanie, qiMi* caMi HMijix, a hoxomek 
6yAyTi> HSO^peHH^e. Ho BOcnHxaHie bi noBOJiiHiflxi Mosexx 
ocxaHOBHTbCfl, ecJH o^iBHx npoHBOfijieT'B HenpepuBHO, a ^tpyroft' 
He saEOHHHxi BOCDHxaHiji; OHu Re MoryxTi ysse 6uTb paBHbi. 
npiipoAa Bx 8X0MI cjiyqai cojiificxByexi qejiOBisy. RosbMeM't^ 
npHiii^pi rnHBoxEHxi, nepecejifleMbix'B bi> Apyrofi sjieMaTx. lie- 
peM'bmeHHoe e;^Ba jih npHBUEaeT'L, po;iBBmeecfl oxx eero 6y;iex'& 
corjiacH'^e ci sjiHMaxoMx, a xpexbe GyAexi y;Re hcxhhukims 
ypoaseni^eM'B cxpanii. 

IIpHSHaBafl CH.iy BOcnexaHifl, uu ne oxxeMJieM's CHJiy nper- 
po;(H. BocnHxaHie co cxopoHbi npepoAH, x. e. passepmeHie cbj'b 
ocxaexca; ho oxx HCJiOBiEa saBHCHXt y4eHie ynoxpefijeHiio cmji'l, 
46My co;^4ftcTByH)T•B oEpyasaron^ia o6cxoaxej[bcxBa. 

SaxiMi PajtHmeBi xonexx npocJii^iiHXb ncxopiio nocxenen- 
Haro pasBHxia yMCXBeHHHX'B chjit. b^ HejOBiEt BixeneHie Bcett 
acHSHH. „By;^eM'B BOcnpieMHHKaMH bt. atHSHH, ne ocxaBHMx ero 



— no — 

^HH Ha eAHHoe MrHOBenie ero atHSHH.... h npeSy^eMt cmv hcot- 
CTjrnHH AO nocJiiinaro ero BOSiuxaHi^" ^). 

^epesx 4 stjih 5 wiiCfli^OB'L nocjii sa^aTia sapo^Hin'L ^bh- 
ateica; bx BeuT> ofipasoBajrncb h ^ynKi^ioHHpyiorB cepTOe h ro- 
JiOBa. ^0 caMaro paatJ^eHifl na CBiTx ^jieHU ero coBepraeH- 
CTByiOTca H pasBepsaioTca. Bj* momchtx poffijieHia ji;nTfl e;iBajiH 
MOHcexx paBHflTbCfl CT> pacTeHieM'B: xota Bcb ;RH3HeHHiie corh o6pa- 
niaK)Tca bx HeMi. ^yBCiBa yB'^^paeMBi BH']^mHHMe npe;iMeTaMB, 
HO MOBri ero eme tojibko hctohhhk^ HyBCTBeHHOCXH, a He op- 
rant MHCJieHHHfl; JIETA He MUCJIHTt. BOJitSHb, a HOTOMt rojioii 

yiaT-L ero, qio oh^ cymecTByerx, h bjj[,ht% ero H3iaBJiaTb hxx 
KpHROM'B. rioMajiy noxpefiROCTH ero BeJiaqaioTt, h 'ijenEi yKptn- 
jiflioTCfl; Bx neMx BaMtxHu nofiyatAenia. Ilepsaa cipacTb ero 
cepma— /i^cmft, BOSHHKaiomaa, ec^n ee y;^OBo;IbCTBOBaTb ero 
3RejiSLE\6 a aocji']^ 6oji'be OHJibHaro RpuBa. JI^tficxBie npeiMexoBi 
sa ero oprann neoTCxyuHO, h saM'&tiaexca bi neiix HaqajiHoe 
o6pa30BaHie yMCXBeHHHxt chji: pe6eH0K'b snaext, hxo ero bkycy 
jiLCXHTt, H Hx5 npoxBBHO, TJiaBX cpo yqHXca paBittpy h t. n.; 
•OHi» HaqBHaexi pacnoBHaBaxb seu^H no oabhmi uaHHeHoeaHiaMi, 
noMBETX'b CBoe BHa (8X0 yRasuBaext ea pasBBxie naMaxB). Ho 
ero yHCTBOHBOCXb en^e CJia6a b xy;Re BstpEHaro cxpeujieBia; 
e'Iab peooHOK'b en^e npecMusaexca , nexBepoHoaceHi ecxb. 
Boxi OHt BOBCxaexi oxi seMJB b spax'B Ha BucnpeHHOcn. 
EcjB BB'baBJEeHie CRop6B 5biJ0 ero nepBUMS ABBseHieMx, xo heib'6 
OH^b HayHBJca paiOBaxbca, b ero y^ibitfRa nepexoABxi bi cm'J^x'b; 
Bct ao6y;RAeHia ero cxpeMBxejbHie, apocxb HexepatJiHste, 
naMflib pasHiBpaexcfl, ho cym/tenie aecbiia HejtocxaxovHO. Ci 
Toro BpeMeHB, RaRi> asuRi Haiajn npoBdaocaxb cjiOBa, paasBTie 
yMa Biiexi tiucxpiie. PedeHORi uomexi BBiaaiaxb Bce, Hero 
:a:ej[aexi^ n ^x6 nyBCxayexx, Bce, ^x6 paabnie o6HapysBBarb 



»). CTp. 98. 



— IV — 

BpHROMx, Aa cjiesaMH. Caeau npojiHsaioTCfl ptse. J£ia(^eM6t^5 
mi,mBj/iTCR dumn. Hene^h oEi bomhofomi npeBumaeT'L ^^pyrHXi 

SHBOTHUXl, HO TOHHOCTR BT> CJXiJlfimBX'h eXUfi H'bT'B. IIOHaTifl 

craHOBflTCfl OTBjeqeHHUMH, xoTJi caiA7H>T'L, npeHMyn^ecTBeHHO, 

^yBCTBeHHOCTH H HpnM'i^paM'B HSt BHA^HHaro lUH cJumaHHaro. 

CipacTB pasBepsaiOTCfl, h ^hta cxaHOBHTCfl OTponi. Oe^^tw mnr 

MCHbiH yKptbnuAucH, a C6 HUMU H yMcmseHHUH^j OAHo pasBHTie 

H^eTi napajiJiej&HO ;ipyroMy. ^ejroB'J^Ri HcnEixaji'B yssue CBo6oAy 

H AepsBLerb pascysjiaTb, ho onnrHOCTb ero eme Majna, cymxenifl 

npeBpaTHu h socBeHHu. Bjiaaienx, Basx to B'^n^aeT'L Pycco^ ecjiH 

OTposi HHHero eiue He uhcjihji'e, He BHaix HH^ero^ 6£iJii> nyaiA'B 

pascy^Ky: owh y^iajieHi oti npejtpascysj^eHii! n npeBpaxHOCTH 

MHinifl. BoTX yse Bcb qjieHU ero aocthf^th coBepmencTBa, wi 

cocy;(ii HcnojiHeHU BJiaiKBocTejB n Ha«iBBaH)Tt> npeHsSfiiTOHecTBO* 

BaTb. Bi lOHom']^ BOSHBRaeTi ntRoe HOBoe HyBCTBOBanie; rpy^B 

B3;i£iMaeTCfl ^ame h cH.irBH']&e, secB cociaBi ooiyn^aeTi Heo(5iiHafi* 

Hoe ;iBH:KeHie, HyBciBeHHocTb noTepaJia njiaBHOCTb, pasyMX, Ha- 

HHHaBmiS AibJBcTBOBaTB, saiM'^BaeTCfl, HHAHfla HOJOBBna JHita no- 

RpEiBaeTCfl BjracaMH; y ^eHo^HH'b ace flBJiflexcfl BpeiieHHoe Hcxe- 

^enie. ^ejiOBiKi yae totobx ajlk npopoatjienia. „0 JK)6oBb! o 

^yBCTBOBanie naie Bcixx cjiaiHaftmee! Kxo BosMoacex'b cxpeMJie- 

BiH) TBoeMy npoTHBHTbCfl? He OesyMHO jh 6h 6hjo xaBOBoe co- 

npoTEBjenie? Epopoia Bjiaja Te6a bobck) namy uyBcxBeHHocxb 

Ha name ycAaotcdeuie h na coOjriOAeHie po^a HejOBinecBaro" ^). 

^eJiOB'i^B'B, eiBa aosHaex'B cboeo qyBcxBeHHOcxb^ cxapaexca 

npsjiinHTb ee bx ^ocxofiHOMy npe^CMery^ h aobo;i'6 ne CHn^exi 

ero, He ycooBOBXca; — xona Bxa caMan nyBCXBeHHOCXb h po- 

;(HBinaaCfl cxpaexb HanpflraH>T'B chjibt yMcxBeHHEia, Boxopaa oxi 

HExx noayiaroxi. nOByio ynpyrocxb. Boxi BOSMyaajocxb, BpeMa 

cxpacxefi h BOBBEimeHie ao bobmoshoS cxeneHH yMcxBeHHuxi 



^) GTp. 103. Bechua xapaKiepHoe BflcTo ajia ceHTHueHTaaHCTa PaAH- 
n^eBa: «7caaxAeHie»— na nepBOMi luaHt. 



— 112 — 

C0JIX, BpeMfl AOCTQiEeHifl BejaqaBmHXi hcthh'b h safijEyx^^eniS: 
Bi aTo Bpena neJiOBiE'L yno;to6jiaeTca BceBwrneeMy, hjih HHcna- 
jD^aeTi Hume EHxafimeS CTeneHH :£hbothhxx. 

KaKx Tpenie CTOHqeeaexx npyatHHH, TaKt ynoipeCjieHieM'B 
npaxyflJifliOTca chjih xijiecHHa, — a sa hhmh h j^ymeBHwa: H3He- 
saioTx CTpacTH H pBeeie kx nosHaHiaMX, paacyj^oKx eme He ocjia- 
6'biE'B, HO Bpaniaexca naj^x nocxHrnyxEiMH ncTHHaMH, a oh*]^ ya:e Be 
;tj!a Hero h cxoaxi na BHcnieM'B Micii. Hacxaexx cmapocm^ 
cia ncxHHHaa suna x'ijia h pasyna, 6e3HajiemHaa SHMa o6BecH0- 
Bania: npocxnpaa Mpasi cbo3 bo BecB cocxaBi qejoB^isa, ona 
nojiaraexx npe;i'6j!ix BciMX ero CHJiaMB. rnSKie Hjenn i^feneHt- 
ioxx, OKO HOMepKJio, yxo He CJiHrnaxt h x. ;^., ocasaxeJBHocTb 
yBajia, pasjipa^KHxeiibHocxb ^u6poBi» OH'^M'ijia, nyBCXBHxejiBHocTB 
npHxynijua, ssHBHeHHue cokh H3caKJiH bx hcxo^hhk^, cepAi;e ua- 
6iexi, MOSFB xBep;['texB, yMCXBeHHua chjh yracaroxi, nonaTie 
noMepoo, naMaxb aaqesjia, pa3cy;i;oK'B upecMHKaexca h HaKoneii^'fc 
coBepoieHHO HCXJiiBaexx. PasyMi HH3raeji'B ]i,o Mja^eHqecxBa,— 
HO H HHXB ;kh3hh npexoprjiaca! Fpy^Cb nepecxaexx /cBimaxs, cep^i^e 
He 6bexT>, H CBixHJibHHKX yMCXBeHHHtt noxyxt. 

„Be3yMHHe! hohxo cjHmy bohjib Bamx, no^xo cxenaHia"? 
Hjih b£i xoxHxe npeBpaxHXB npeAB^iHufi saROHX npiipoABi? Pbijia- 
Hia BaniH t« MOAumeu cyxB xyjienie. %h3hb noracmaa ne ecxb 
yHH^xomenie. CMepxb ecxB paapymenie, npeBpamenie, B03poac;^e- 
nie. JiHRyfixe, o Apyra! 6ojAzEh n34e3Jia, xepsanie MHHOBajiocb^ 
sjnoc^acxiH), roHefiiK) hSx-b yate Micxa, xarocxnaa cxapocxB yBflja, 
cocxaBB pyniHJica, «o(?) BOsofiHOBHJica ^). Ho xyxxae Pa;^H^^eBl 
BcnoMHHaexx, qxo nocnimHJiB: „bb Bocxopr'i^ ajiMHua ;iyinH each 
BHA^Xb, eABa He Bna^x bb norpimnocxb, h aaKAWuenie Hs&seEB, 
ne daez uunew bb AOEasaxeiBCXBO. 

BjaaieHi, o nejiOBiEi, ecjrH cnepxB xBoa 6Hja ecxecxBefl- 
Haa, H CHJiH xi^jiecHua h yMCXBennna HsneMorjiH oxb ojthoB cxa- 



») Cip. 106. 



-^ 118 — 

pocTH. ^Hxie TBoe 6ujL0 My^cpcTBeHHO, H BOHHBHa — lersijB cohx. 
Ho 8T0 6uBaeTx p'£;(KO. ^ejiOB^Bi, BocxHn^eHHnfi cTpaciflMH, 
HocHTCfl no ocTpiiiMi. HeyMtpeHHOCTB pasj^npaeTi ero t^jo h 
jHmaeTx pascyARa. He BeTxocTL ;^Hefi, a dojisHB, BHtApBemiBCfl 
61 T^jo, npeTopraK>Tx ero AHxanie 6e8BpeMeHHO h pacBaesaK)- 
n^arocfl na o;^p'b CMepTHOMi noAasjAiOTi oiqaflBHa. 

Bo MJ[a;i;ocTB oco6eHBO pascjaCaaeT'L Heyii'ipeBBOCTB JiK>6oBEua. 
CTpacTH — Bi pasjiBUuxi ea BHj^axx. lOHoma! ^Hxafi Tticco ^) 
06% OHaHHSMi H ysacHBCfl! lOHoma, boSab bi 6'iACTBeBHoe 
TBiEAumfi CBop6flii^HX'L OTi HevMipeHHOCTH j[K)6ocTpacTifl (bi Be- 
HepHHecKyK) 6oJbHHity?); Bosspn HanepxH jiehi, cxpaatAymnxi — 
ce CMepxL Jiexaexi OKpecxi hxi>! — Kor^a xepsaexca HyscxBen- 
HocxB, pasyMi) BosHBBaex'B, HO MFHOBefiHO H eABa Cjien^exi bi 
npocxepmemcfl MpaB*]^. Hjhh AynaemB, hxo opraai yiicxBeHHufi 
njbji'h npeCy^exx, Eor^a opraeu sbshh HapyuieHu? 

Ho He OAHa 6ojiik8Hb neyii'lpeHHOcxH ciiiji,B,eTT> chju nejio- 
Bisa. UocMoxpH sa 6ojfln^aro orHeBHi^eK), na xoro, y Boero no- 
Bpe^HJicfl opraHi yMCXBeHHufi! T]ijb xu, Aapi BosecxBeHHufi? 
pascyAORx, r^t xu? ^) 



') Cip. 107. 
«) Cip. 108. 

8 



K H H r a II. 

CTpaHCTBjra ^peai* atHiie nejiOBi^ecKoe, mh jiocthtae ao 
Toro ^aca , Kor;ta npeEpamaioxca BpeMa a npo^OJiaceHie, 
Eor^a HacTaeii b'j^hhoctb. Ho 3arpa;iHM'B Bpaxa ea Ha^^ejE^OK) fl 
ocTanoBHM'B OTxo;^aI^a^o. JIfi. ne yjiHOHexca kto-jih6o, hto mh 

XOTHMX BOBSpiXB Ha Bi^HOCXB OKOMl CeBnpHCXpaCXHHM'B! CKOJIbKO 

BOBMoatHO HMixB npHcxpacxia kx BemecxBCHHOCXH, — cxojiBKO ate 
H EX e;iHHofi MucjieHHOcxH (xoTa 6u oHa 6ujlb. Me?xa). Ciioxpfl 
Ha onncanie paa (sHJHiAa jiymx) so ecrbodh pejiHriaxx, Hacxpa- 
;^aBinHXx sa BcnoBi;^aHie, na BecejaiQaroea npa CMepxn KamOHa, 
BH^HMx, Hxo sejianie b'^^hhocxh oXHHaEOBO co bc^mh ApyrHMH 
ssejiamaMH HejioB^Ra. 

Ha;(es;(a, neoxcxynnaa npH xhshh, ne ocxaBJiaexx sanecmaro 
Bx rpo6x Hory; n boxx 3aRJiK)<ieHie o6o;^peHHaro paBcyj^Ra: ^,2 
JKEBX, He mo^eho mh']^ yMcpexB, a shbx h b'^hho :£Hxb 6y;(y!^ 
Ce r^acx ^yBCXBOBania BHyxpeHnaro BonpesH bc^xx ;i;oboaobx. 
OcxaBaacB ex hhmx e^tHHCXBenno, ne j6iji,nmhcaj ?xo nepxex 
6y;tefflB. ^yBcxBOBaxx h CesnyBCXBeHHy 6£ixb, shshb h CMepxB — 
npoxHBop'ibHia: Cesx cxo;i;cxBeHHOCxn neBOsmomHO c^'i^JaxB sasJiK)- 
nenia o named CMepxHOCxn, h5o noanauiH ne cymh nympoapu- 
meAhHu. Ho a spio, qxo Bce, OKpecxx Mena cymecxByiomee, hbm*- 
Haexca, x'ljtecnocxB sshboxhhxx, pacxenifi u no;(o6Huxx mh'6 pas- 
pymaexca; a spio BeBj^i CMepxB, x. e. paBpymeme: hbx cero a 



') Cip. 112. 



115 



sauio^aio, hto h a cyn^ecTBOBaxB npeciany. Kameica, ecJiH 611 
OTi MHueHHOCTH 6iuo jAajreHO noHflxie CMepra, to shbuS 
6a ea He noHHMUX. 

EcjiH se nejoB^ki yB^pHTCii, qxo ohi AOJUseHX ynepeTL, 
TO paspymesie ero eocxasa Basexcfl eny ysacHEiHi. IIph6j[h- 
sHBHiHCB Ki oxBepcxlH) rpo6a, OHi CTOHexi H Mflxexcfl. Tu ecx&! 
"laci 6iex:B, hhxb tbohxi xeefi npepBexcj^-n xu CyxemB 6e3xu- 
xaHeH'B, 6e3?yBCXBeH'Ei, x£i 6yAemb bh^xo... YasacHoe npeBpan^e- 
Hie! Tpenen^yma ox'b cxpaxa m HeHSBicTHOcxH, mhcjb ncxji^Ba- 
lomafl H0CHXC5 BO BC'bx'h BOHi^axi BosMosBaro, JioBHX'b xtoB; eCJIH 
yxBaxHX'B saKoe-JEiGo bojiobbo, ho pasMunuflfl (BemecxBeHHOcxB 
TO MB BOo6paseHie); npHicfenjflexcii h BHCHexi. Ilepejii nepBiiM^ 
maroMi bi b'^hhocxb, Boopu ofipan^aK) BenaxB: B03Hoasex% jih 
^eioB'bK'b 6uTh HeHaBHCTHBROiix CBoero SBxifl? fl yMHpaK), ocxaB- 
juu jseny, A^xel. Ce rjEaci hxi pasBxejiBH^e rpona: ^noue^^jiH 
Hao^Hy HHHyxy^! Cerjiaci j[H)6bh, fipjm6ul CBepmaflcji a;ecxo- 
Boe p'6meHie! S. jiEioafocfl jmpyra! He MajOAymie sacxaBEX'B mbhx 
BsxoxHyxB npH CMepxH. EcjiH fl paBHOAymHO He xepnjuo orcyx* 
CTBia xBoero, BOSJuofijeHHtfimifi iiafi, xo RaBOBO tfyxexx Moe jh* 
ineHie, ecjiH xo CYJierh Ha B^HHOCxb. 

roHHMufi cb jiHita aeMJiH, HO jnwkn no6y2SAeHiji ki npo- 
joJEseniH) sbshh h He BtLXO^n js,asl xoro cnocoCoBi, qejioBis'B 
odpan^aexi Bsopii oxi xji^Hifl sa npe^t'JkjiEi cbohx% ;rHefi, — h nasH 
BosHHRaex'B B% HSHeMoraiODteMx cepAi^'i naAe^K/ia. Oh'b Bonpo- 
maex'B BHyxpeHnee HyBcxBosaHie, h xaHHCXBeHHufi Jiynx npoHHSia- 
^xi ero pascyj^OK'B. Hm^a bi> homi (a Mosexi 6hxb, h bi BooCpa- 
seBia) onopy, HejiOB'^B^ ci Ba^e^AOK) oepe^iexaexi HenpHMixnyK) 
Hepxy, ox;(ljflH)ii](yK) abshb oxi CMepxH. E^Ba ohi BOo6pa3HJ[:B, 
HTO CMepxB H paspymenie x^^Jia — ne BOfi^HHa ero, ?xo oh'b boc* 
Bpeceexi b% »h3Hb HOByio, — OH'B BOcxopHecxBOBaoii, H nonnpafl 
xj'bHie, npesp'^Ji'B 6oj[%3hh, HeBOJUO, nnxKB, EasHB: bc^ orop- 
Henifl HsqesjTH, saBi a^hi, h oxjexd^jiH orb ero ;^yxa, on^yxHB* 
marc b^hhocxb. 

8* 



— 116 — 

BoT'K uo BaRHMi iio6jmji,eEiB}iiB boshhrjio noHfliie Cy^yn^is 
xvLQUu. MHorie ca^jiy^oth* bi towl ej^HHCTseHHO HSCTynjEeHiio, 
HHHe — upeAY^isajieEiio h nacji'i&jtOBaHHOMy MH'i^HiH), icHorie ocho- 

BUBaiOTCfl Ha JCOBOAaXl, — H BCi B006pa3HTeJbHIIfl B03H0SH0CTB 

He yCB0J[b8Hyj[H oti jroBCTBeHearo npoHHn;aHifl. Ho MHorie, OTMe- 
Taa ^yBCTBeHHoe yB'^peeie h na^tesity, HaxOAHjra xobo;^, qra 
CMeipTB ecTB nocJi'^AHflfl H coBepmeHHaa BOH^EHa, ^xo ^ejosiiRi 
yiipeT'B HaBcer^Ka h He BOSMoa^ii BOscTaib. ^obo;iei exx 6jec- 
TfliAn, HMOJBeri 6iiTb, Y6^ji,ETejLhmi. „Bo86i&Cfl no cisjii nameft 
06*]^ npoTHBonojiosHOCTii, a BaifB ocTasjiK) HsfiapaTB, j[BD6e3Hii& 
HOH, T*]^, KOH HaH6oj[']^e hm'6h)T'b npaB;i;onoAo6ifl hjh achocth^ 
6y;te He oneBH^^HOCTH. j,A h^ AumeHHuH eacz^ o dpysbn moUj no- 
CAfbdyw MUfbum^ ymtbmenie eAVsafcmeMy eh dymy cKop6R' 
vjifyio^ ^). 

Jl,oceji'b HOjarajH bi npHpoA'ib ABa po^a cy^ecTBx. IlepBui 
poj^x— -dTO mfbJia\ oTBjieqeHHoe o hhxx noHATie HasBajH eefuj^e- 
cmeo (Maiepifl). BemecxBo cano bi ceS*]^ neHSB'ikcTHo: Bce Myjtpo* 
sanie o neHX JieasHii na nosHaHin HyBCTBaiin HiisoTopuxi ero 
CBoflcTBi. ^pyroft po;^^ — cymecTBa, ne noweaamia ^yBCTBaMi; 

H'bBOTOpHe 4>6HOMeHU 6uJili HOBOAOMl UpESHaTB HXl (He X^fi- 

CTBiflMH Ben^ecTBeHHOCTE, a) cyn^ecTBaiiE, koex'b sanecTBa npo- 
TBBonojioffiHBi Ka^ecTBaMx BemecTBa); 9to —dyxu. IIpH nepBOM-B 
sre mafb bi o^JiaciB He ocflsaxeJiBHyK), ku Haxo^EMx npouaeoAtr 
uoe cyotcdeuie '). Ecje noBHanifl Hams ne HyTpospETejBHUfl, b 
ecjE Ayx'B He nojcjescET'B HyBCTBani, to sasJiioHeHie o 6bit]h era 
— TOJBKO BipoaTHoe, a ne ;^oCTOB4pHoe. Bi^B npHpo;ca A^ftCTBy- 
eTx Bcer^a e;i[HH0BpeMeHH0 hjie B^^pyrx, a b'b ea cJOsemax'B mh 

He naXOAEM'B OTJ[E^HTej[BHCIX'B HepTl ^^S. Bas;(0fi HaCTE, HO Bce- 

r^^a coBOBynnocTB. Mh HasHBaeifi npoTHBoptnaniEME xenjio h 
cxy^Ky, HO npHpo;^a h to, hto hpohsboahti Tenjo, h to, hto — 



Cip. 117. 
') Cip. 118. 



— 117 — 

<;T}sy, BM-^CTajra b'b ej^HHoe CM^menie h nojomnjra HenpeM^Hflio- 
fi^ificfl saKOHi mxTt ^^iScTBOBaHiK). Bx npHpoA'l^ neHsme npoTHBO- 
noJiosHOCTefi, H^Mi B'B HameHi 6oo6pa2ReHiH, h h'j^m'b jiiyMajiK 
upea^e. 

PasJHHie ;^yxa h Beo^ecTBeHHOCTH npoasonuio, m. 6., ottofo, 
9T0 Mucjib cBOflCTBeHHa o^Hofl TjaB*]^, a He Hor'6 hjie pyB'6; dxo 
pasjiH^ie caMOH8Bo;ikHO. He b^a^a, hh ht5 ecxB Ayxx, he ht6 — 
BeiAecTBeHHOCTb, He na^o 6h hxi nocTaBJATL cyn^ecTBaMB na- 
<;tojbro pasJiH^HEiMH: nossajryfi^ CBasaJiB 6h, hto lyx'b ne HoxeTi 
•fifiiTb raMt, rjibxiJio, h naofiopoT'B, — ecjH 6ei cjio»eHie qejiOBiKa 
He j6istjs,B,jio o^eBHj^HO, HTO BanecTBa h ;(yxa, h Ben^ecTBa 
B'B Heifi cOBOBynHu. GsasajH nodiOMy, ^to bi nejiOB'bBi Haxo- 
MTCfl ;^Ba pasHopo^^HHfl cyn^ecTBa (t. e. cyficxaHuiii), bm^^cto 
Toro, ^To6£i BupasHTbCfl xaEx: cyu^ecxBO ?e;[OBi4ec£oe iiM'i^ex'L 
^jLijs,. BanecxBa — MucjHXk, nepen'ibHflTB M:]&cxOy nyBCXBOBaxb, npo- 
posAaxb H T. js,. Bm^cxo xoro, hxo6h csasaxb, hxo xo, hsx qero 
^oseHi liip'b (a kxo hchhcjhji Bci cocTaB;iBH)iAifl ero cyn^e-^ 
cxBa?), Hiflexx xi h xi CBOflcxsa, CKasain, ^xo b'b newb ifMtioxcfl 
pa3HopoAHEia cymecxBa. yMCjBOBaxejiH! neyaeJiH He BH^iHxe, 

HTO BCi paSHOpOAHOCXH B'b ei^HH'b TH^Sj^flXCfl COCXaB'b. TbI B^i^ia- 

emb, 9X0 MHCJb Haxoj^HXCfl bx xBoeB oaB'ik; ho B'lj^aemb jih, c:b 
^iMi OHa eii^e Moisex'b 6b[Xb conpflmena? Toxi, kxo chjiok) cbo- 
ero cjiQBa mofi BcejHXb ee bi mosfx xboS, y^RejH 6hjix (5e3- 
CHJieH'B BM'fecxHXb eo B'b A^yvoe ixo-jihSo, onpaib xe6a. Ha;^- 

MeHHOCXb! ^) 

Ho o6o3pHMi 6BicxpoxeqEO CBoScxBa H Ben^ecxBeHHOcxH, h 

MblCJeHHOCXH. ?X0 Bl HEX'S npOXHBOp'lkHHarO? HjIH E'kTIi JH 

CJii;ia, Hxo ohh Moryxx npHnaweafaxb o;^HHaKopoAHOMy cyn;e- 

€XBy? 

CBoflcxBa BemecxBeHHOcxH: HenpoHHJuaxejibHocxb, npoxaateH- 



») Cip. 121. 



118 



HOCTb, o6pa3i, pasAtjiHifocTB, TBep;i;ocTi», desA'i^ftcTBie. CsoftcTfia 
;(yxoBHHX'B cy^ecTB'B: mhcji, ?yBCTBeHH0CTt», xhshl. TaRX Kasi 

dTH CBOflCTBa flBJIfllOTCfl TOJBRO HOCpe^tCTBOM'B BeOieCTBeHHOCTE, 

TO OHH CHHTaiOTCH BHAHMHMH A'i^fiCTBiaMB ^^yxoBHaro cyo^ecTBa; 
KOTopoe ^yBCTBaifB He noweatHTi. OTCio;i;a HacToArt sonpocx: 
Mosexx IE Ben^ecTBeHHocTB hm'6tb shbhb, qyscTBOBaTB a muc- 
jsTB, Bjin MOsex'B JiH lyx'B tfM']&TB CBoScTBa BeniecTBa? Bx otfo- 
BXi cjiynaaxx npoHBBe^^eHie 6y;^eT'B o^^BsaKOBO. Ecjeh 9to mosho 
^(OBasaTB, TO BC^esHeTi paB^^tjotesie cyn^ecTBi (ea Ben^ecTBeHHUA 
u ^^yxoBHEifl); a ecJB Bafi;cyTCfl npoTBBHue aoboj^bi, to Heo6xo;^HMO 

QOCTaBJIflTB tfuTie j^ByXl paBHOpOAHKTX'L Cy^eCTB'B, Ben^eCTBeHHOCTH 

B ;^yxa (pa8yH']&fl box'b HHifB o;i;Hy, TaBx HastiBaeMyK) j^ymy 
HeJOBinecKyK)). 

BemecTBeHHOCTBH) HasHBaeTca to cymecTBO, soTopoe ecib 
BJB MoasoT'B 6BTTB npej^MeTOM'B HaniBxx ^yBCTB*B. EcJiB ace OHa 
HMX TenepB ne noweatHT'B, to bto — ne bx CHjy CBoero ecxe- 
CTBa. a OTi icajiocTB bjib tohboctb cBoefi. Sax'^H'B Paj^Bn^esi 
nepexo^^BT'B k'b BsiflcaeBiK) cboSctbi BemeCTBa. 

HenpommameAhuocmb: Eepa3;i;']^jiBMafl nacTBi^a sen^ecTBeH- 
HOCTB (axoMx), BCTp^TBBmaflCfl Ha nyTB ApyroS TasoS se ^ac- 
TBi^H, — cia HOCJiiAHaa ne MoateTx npo^oJataTB nyTB, ;t0K0J[t 
nepBaa ne ycTynBTi Micia. Hjib: jBa xi^a HeMoryTi 6htb bx 
OAHO Bpena bx o;chom'b M'l&CTt. Cie ecTB andoMa, b6o npoTHs- 
Hoe npe;tJoateHie cctb npoTBBopi^ie. 

IIpomHo/ceHuocmh ecTB to cboActbo semecTBeHHOCTH , 
BCJIi;^CTBie KOToparo OHa sanHMaeT'B m^cto bi npoCTpaHCXBt. 
TaBX EaKx npoTaateHHOCTB Bwiexx npejt^&Ji'B, xo ecanyio otpa- 
HUHeunym npomHOfceuuocmh nasHBaiOTX o6pa30M%. Ofipasx jraexi 
Be^^ecxBeHH0CXB onpedtbMHUocmh (npoxaateHHOCTB HMteTX oCpasi),. 
npoTaateHHOCTB — MrbcmOj nenpoHBi^axejiBHOCXB — omdrhAenHocmh. 
Bci TpB CBoScxBa Hepa3A'i&JBHbi co bchbbm'b cyn^ecxBOMi, no;^- 
jiemajnflwb HyscxBaMi. 



119 



PaadfhAUMOCtnh Ben^ecTea AOKassieaeTCfl xHMHHecKiaMH ooh* 
TaM0. Ho Boofipamafl Ben^ecxBo apoxflaseBHUMX, pasyicx MoaceTi 
npeACxaBHTB ce6'£, Rasi (5u laciBita hh Cuja Ma^ia, — en^e 
MeHBinyK), ao CesKOHe^HOCXH, ecjH ecxB ea pasA^JeHie j^ocxa- 
TOiHafl CHJia. Ho saKX axo pas^'i^jenie cyn^ecxByexi jiHmb bi 
B03M0SH0CXH, H H'lxi ecxecxBeHHofi cnj[£i Ha pa3;i;']&JieHie na^ajii 
iiaxepiH, xo efi npHnHCUBaiox'B meepdocmh. 

EeadrbUcmeie MaxepiH ji^bohko: 1) Ona Moatexx b^hho npe- 
CuBaxb vh cocxoflHiB noEOfl, ^^oroji^ BaRafl-jiH6o npn^Hna He ;^acx'B 
eft A'J&flcxBia. 9xo ne ecxB cymecxBenHoe cboAcxbo MaxepiH, ho 
oxHOCHxejiBHoe, nocBOJTBBy ee mossho cnnxaxB JiHmeHHOH) abh- 
atenifl. 2) lacxHi^a BemecxBenHocxH, npHBe;i:eHHaa b^ juBumemej 
npo^ojiacaexx ero Ch xofi me CKopocxBio h b% xomi ate nanpa- 
BJieniH, noKa wo-jih6o He BOcnpexHXx ceny npoAOJEJEeniH), jih6o 
He npeofipaayexx OHoe *). 

JleuQ/eenie ecxt cboScxbo EpeMinaxB m4cxo. OxnocHxejiBHo 
ero MH^nifl ecxecxBocaoBOBx pasJHHHH: oahh noj[araK)xi> erocy- 
H^ecTBeHHBiMi MSL Maxepln, Apyrie, — ^xo hphhhhbi ;(BHaieHifl nixi^ 
Bx caMofi MaxepiH, a H'^KOTopue — ^xo HpHinna ^iiBHsenia ji^Jia. 
spo^^oJiHeHia onaro AOJimna 6hxb npecHocymiHa, qxo ea ee mo- 
sex^B 6hxb Bi MaxepiH, h ^xo OBa npoHCxo;^Hxi> oxi cy^eciBB, 
He o5jiaAaK)niHX'B CBoScxBaMH Ben^eexBeHHOCXH. 

Trnmecmh eexB cboScxbo, BCJii^^cxBie Eoxoparo xijio na;ta- 
exx sx cpeAHH']^ seMJin, a ^acxHi^Bi Maxepin cxpeMaxca e^b cpe- 
;^0T0HiK). Eocj'fescxBeHHOCxaMH xaatecxH c^nxaioxca npHxaaseHie 
H oxpaaenie. IlpumHOfceuie ecxB cboScxbo, BCJi^ijcxBie Roxoparo 



^) Cip. 125. Hanajio 4>pa3bi AjpHO peAaRTjipoBaHo: «2-e, IIoHflTie o se- 
mecTBeHHOCTH e c T b HacTHi^a BemecTseHHOCTH, Bi ;],BH»ceHie npHBeAeHHafl, ro- 
Topafl npoAOJi^RaeTi* ji t. a* 



— 120 — 

rfijia HJH ^SLQT]i^ll BemecTBennocTH cfijiHataioTca o;^Ha ex ;ipyroK). 
Ompaotceuie — naofiopoT'B, cBoficxBo BCJ['fe;^CTBie KOToparo xijia 
HJH nacTHi^H o;^Ha oxi ;^py^oft OT;tajraiOTca. 

Ti, KTO c^Hxaeix ^iBaateHie cocymecxBeHHHMx Maxepin, ne 
oxpftii^aK)X'L 3a HeK) hh xa^Recxa, hh npHxajseHifl, hh oxpaiReHiH. 
Jljpyrie a:e c^iHiaiox'B aiH CBoficxBa He CBoflciBaMH, a sBje- 
HiflMH, j^'j^ScTBiaMH npn^HH'B, He usLXOAumjixcsi Bx Ben^ecxBeHHO- 

CTH. 

PaSCMOXpHM'L no OAHHaHK'l 8XH CBOfiCXBa Ben^eCXBeHHOCTQ. 

OcxaxKH ApeBHjiro y^eHiji, pa3cya(;i;eHifl o6x o6mjiX'b CBoBcxBax'B 
Tijn>, B'ipoflXHO, nopocTyTii mxomx safiBenifl h npesp'i&Hifl, BaR'B 
HUHTb apucmom€M6bi nameiopiu h coKpoeeunuH Kmecmea aAXu- 
Mucmoez ^): pacnpocxpaHHBmiecfl onuxH njiyqinee nosHanie ec- 
xecxBeHHOCXH HCMKHyeMO onpoBeprHyx-B hxx. BonpocH Ba»;iaro 
fiesnpHCxpacxHaro: „hxo ecxi> BemecxBCHHocxb?" — OxBixi 6y;ieTi 
„He B'^Aaio!" XHMifl ;i;oBa3£iBaex'B, hxo sa^iaja nepBencxBeHHuxi 
Ben^ecxBi oOjia^aiox'B BecBMa pasjiHiHUMH CBoitcxBaMn; xoxa ona 
H npHAepajHBaexcfl ApeBHHxx cxaxifi, no naniH cxexia— cjiosho- 
cxH. Haj[iieat;ia Bvijifkrh cxHxiflHyio scmjik) bx ajMasi Hsqesja, 
xaBx ;(0Ra3ajiH, ?xo h ajiMas'B crapaexx. Kxo BOsmHrajii cxHxiS- 
hhS oroHb? CoJiHeHHufi jyHB, pa3;i;po6;ieHH£ifi npHSMoio, hboah- 
HaKopoAGH'B. Bx HeMx, KpoM* CB^xa, ecxB H xenjoxa, Koxopafl 
oxjiHHaexca oxb cBixa xiMx, hxo BemecxBO CBixa MrHOBenHO, 
a xenjioxa npedHBaioma. 

Ho (|)j[0rHCX0H'L ecxB ocHOBanie i^BixoBx: ohx bi> jexyqeMi 
cocxoflHin AOJiateHx 6bixl h bx coJiueqHOM'L jiyqi. BipoaxHO, hxo 
y^aHHue onuxH Kor^a-JiHSo ox;^'6jax'B cb4xi ox% xenjioxH. Cip- 
hhS sanaxx h nepeM'bHa cib'I&xob'b He AonasHBaioxx jih cjosho- 
cxH dJiesxpH^ecBoS HCBpu? Onuxu UpucmAeH ^(OBasajiH, hxo 
B^iiHxaeMoe naMH BemecxBO cjoskho. Ecxb jh ynpyrocxB cboScxbo 



') Cip. 127. 



— 121 — 

coficTBeHHO B03;iyxa5 a He jjpyroro RaRoro B08;iyxoo6pa3Haro 

seniecTBa? Bi» Bos^tyx'b — h BOji^JuBUz ^acTHi^fii, h o6oHflTeJibHiifl 

seii^ecTBa, HcnapeHin otx ncTJvbniSi h ajiBaJinnecBifl, bhcjioctk 

(TBepAHS B03;(yx'B), cejiHTpa (ht5 AOBasHBaexcB ea sapo^sj^e- 

HicMi). Bee 8T0 cymecTBCHEHa nacTH! OTjitjia nxi — h Bosjiyxx 

B3MiHHTca. A HTO laKoe BO^a? OicyTCTBie hsi Hea orHa j^ijia- 

en ee TBep;iOK>. HejiBBa jih CTHTaTB eenocymecTBy — TBepjiBiMx 

TijioMi? OTp'j^niH AaBflmie ee CTOjnu Bosjiyxa: BOj^a pacTflHeTca^ 

yBejBqHTCa, BocnapHTca, caua npej^CTaBHTCa bx Bujifk Bos^yxa. 

fioo6pa3H ce6t nycTOTy Bif&CTO aTMOC(|)epEi ospecTt seMHoro 

inapa: boauuuH onuTaMH, tei seMJio yspHoib 6eBB0JiEy n hbcak- 

fflyio; Bce na neS »HBymee HCiesHeTx, pacTymee vBaHeTi. h 

cropHTii, pacnaj^excfl caMaa RpHCTajiJiHBaniji, h Bcb flBJieeifl, 

UJWa. Bl CJI'ik;^'L A^fiCTBiflM'L BOAH, MHHyiOTl. T£I, OCHOBaHie 

seMJiH, rpaHHT'B, rpoMa^a ueo6'BflTHafl! tu pascflAeniBCfl, h map's 

3eMH£lfi BOCnEIJIHTCfl ^). 

PascMOTpHMx Tenepb, cTOJbjiH HyjsHH j^jifl Ben^ecTBeHHocTH 
npHHBCbiBaeMHJi ed HenpoHHi^aTeJibHOCTB h TBep;(0CTb, Heo6xo- 

ABMO J[H OH*]^ HCieBaiOT'b B31 62 nOHflXifl. ECJIB Bl HOHflTm HB- 

npoHHi^aTejibHOCTH jiHuib TO 3aBJiK)\iaeTCJi, ^To ABa T^jia, aTOMa 
HjiH qacTBi^Bi Ben^ecTBeHHOCTB ne Moryxx 6biTb bx o;iho Bpenra 
Bi o;i;BOM'b M'bcT'fe, TO STO oTHOCHTca He TOJibEO El BemecTBeH- 
fiocTH, HO H Ko ecHKOMy cymecmetfj Kanoio 6u poda oho hh 
6ujio. ^yBCTBeHHOCTbH) Mb[ HM^eMi npe^CTaBjeHifl o Beiuaxx, 
a pasyMOMi noHflTia, t. e. nosHanifl hx'b oTHomeHifl. OOmee 
Bcixx npedcmaeAeniti ecTb npocmpancmeo^ — Bcfexi* nouHmiti — 
epeMH, OOu^ee caxx o6tnux6 — Outnie, Eafioe 6h cymecTBO ce6i 
HH npeACxaBJiflTb, nepeoe, qxo emy Hyatno, ecxb 6umie (6e3^ Toro He 
MOffiexx 6HXb H MUC4U HeMi), emopoe — epeMH (bc* Bemn bx 
coios'i CBoeMx noHHMaioxcfl hjih edunoepeMeuHU, hjih bi t^oc^^- 



') Cip. 130. 



— 122 — 

doeamu o;tHa sa Apyroio), mpemhe — npocTpancTBO, boo cyme- 
CTBeHHocTb ecfbx^ HeAm)intixcH EBMii cymecme^ cocimrh 

Wh TOMX, HTO CBOHMl A']^3CTBieMl Ha HaCl> OHH B086yac;^aioTi 

noHflxie o npocTpaecTBi h nenpoHHitaTejibBOCTH ^). Bee, %t^ 
A^ScTByeTi Ba ^yBCTBa, HM'^exi m'J^cto h cbohmx ofipasoMi npo- 
n3Bo;^HTi npexcTaBjieHie o npoTflseHiH h o nenpoHfli^aTeJiLfiocTH: 
j'&fiCTByfl Ha Haci n8i> M'&CTa, Ben^& ^taexx eaMX HyBCXBOsan^ 
Hxo ona He ecxL ;ipyrafl (HenpoHHuaxejiBHOcxB). 06n^ee se noHflxie 
H HenpoHHi^aTeJibHOCXH, h npoTfl^eHia, ecxB npocmpancmeo. HiaKi, 
Bce, Hxo HM'i^ex'B fiSMmie bo epeMeuu h npocmpaucmethy saKJio^a' 
ex'B noHJixie HenpoHni^axeJibHOCXH, h6o h nosHanifl namn cocto- 
flxi xojiBRO Bi CB'iAeHiH 6Bixifl Ben^eS bi npocxpaHCXB'6 n Bpe- 
MeHH. Hsi axoro ecxb xojbbo oaho Hsxaxie: nepBaa IIpH^HHa 
BC'bx'b Ben][e9. Tasi kb,k% onpej^ijieHHUfl h KoneHHUfl cyn^eciBa 
He viu'bjon'h Bi> ce6i AOCxaxo^Hofi dph^hhu CBoero ^uxk, to 
j[,OJimBO 6uTh Cyn^ecxBy Heonpe^^ijeHHOMy h 6eBSOHeqHOii7. 
TaB'B EaRiflBjiflioiiJiiflCfl cymecxBa cBoeio cyo^ocxbio BM'biox'& busq- 
BaxB B'B Hacb A'i^ficxBiflMH HOHflxie npocxpancxB^, cy^ecxBya bi 
BoxopoM!B OHH H oope^^'^JieHHu, H KOHe^HfiT, xo 6e3BOHe?Hoe Gy- 
H^ecxBO He Moacexi 6bixb nocxarHyxo nyBCXBeHHOCXBH) HHeodxo- 
;(HMo oxjiH^aexcfl orb cyn^ecxBi, nosHaBaeMuxi bx npocxpaa- 
cxBt H BpeneHH. IIoejuHBy no3HaHie nepBua hph^hhh ocbo- 
Bano Ha pascyacj^efiiH oxBJie^ieHieMi orh ncnHxaHHaro n aosbt 
suBaexcfl npaBfljOMi ;(ocxaxo9HOcxn, a sone^Hoe ne oji,RO eexB 
ex tfesBOHe^HiiM'B H oxx Hero oxAi^ieno, xo soHeqnBiMX cyiAe- 
exBaicB HeeoBMOOicuo hmAxb yj^ocxoBipenie o OesycAomou ueaO- 



') Pa;tHii^eBi AOKasuaaeTi dji,tcb to, npoTHBi qero horto h cnopHTb ue 
CTafleTi nocjit Kania. Bee, qio flB.!ifleTC«. paayMteiCH, saKJWHaeTCfl Bi npo- 

CTpaHCTBt H BpeHeHH. Oina601HO 6uJ[0 TOJbRO rOBOpBTb «BCflRHXl AP7' 

r H X I cymecTBaxi*, r p o m t BemecTBeHHOCTH. HpoHt ea, i Bin h ih era 

Bl ^BCTBeHHOMl ODUT*. 



— 123 — 

xoduMocmu Bfiicmaro Cyn^ecTea, h CB^jieHie o Heo6xo;i;nMOCTU 
6HTifl Bosifl MoaseTi iiM'ikTb eduuz Eon. You! mu doAsteuu 
xodumh ou^ynhio, Kam CKopo eoaueceMM npeeutue uyecmeeu- 
Hocmu ^). 

Msx noHflTifl HenpoHni^aTejLHOCTn cj^jtyen en^e, ^tooaho 
Ttio He Moaeii npoxodunih qpesi Apyroe. Ho cmuTu ^mn^e- 
CRie ;(0fia3HBaH)TX, qio HaHTBepA^ffniifl t^jib, npoHEnnaiOTCfl bos- 
AVXOMx H BOj^oH), a ;^jifl orHfl h:6ti HHvero HeapoHHE^aeMaro. 
O^eHb TpyAHo npHBecTB oji,ro t^jio ci ^^pyrHMx bx coBepoieHHoe 
conpHKOCHOBeHie. Bo bcakomi t4ji4 (5ojiBme nycTOTH, HiM'E co- 
rpyatjieHia, ocofieHHO bx aKH;tKHX'B T^Jiaxi, boh y;^HBHTeJIBH0 
MoryTi pacTflrHBaxBCfi & csHHaTBca. IIodTOMy to h yTBepjKj^ajer, 
6y;tT0 Bce TBop^ioe BemecTBO bx cojae^HOfl CHCxeMi mo»ho co- 
BMicTHTB Bi optxoByK) cKopjyuy. EcJiH ate pascyj^HMi, wo 
nocpe;ccTBOM'B xHHH^ecKHxt CMeasHOCTeft BemecxBa Moryii CMt- 
fflHBaxBca H ^poH3BO;^HXB coBciMi HOBBia, xo OKasKexca, qxo He- 
np0HHii;axeJBH0CXB bx nocJii^HeMx CMUCji ecxL BHMuuiJieHfloe 

CBOfiCXBO BemeCXBCHHOCXH ^). 

To ate caMoe mo»ho CKasaxB o npomnoiceHHOcmu is. 06- 
pasrb, EOTopKTfi ecxB onpej^'fejieHHOCXB npoxaateHia. II60, sanHMaa 
MicTO BT. npocxpancxBi, BemecxBO uMiexi ero onpe^iJieHHO, 
T. e. HMiexi oSpasx, x, e. npoxaasenHO. 9xo noHaxie cxojib 
CBOficxBCHHO HafflCMy paayMy, BoxopBifi naHOXBJie^eHHifiinia no- 
Haxia noqepnaexi H3^ no;tJieatamHX'B ^lyBCXBaMx BemecxBx, qxo 
npoxHBonojoatHoe npoACxaBJiaexca eMy oxpHuaxeJiBHO. 

Jifl B OesKoueHuaH dfbAUMOcmh BemecxBCHHOcxH ecxB cBoft- 
cxBo BOo6pa;KeHHoe. Bi axoMx npHSflafoxca h xi, exo npanH- 
cueaexi ero, KaKX cymecxBeHHoe, Maxepin, noxony ;ie, ^10 oho 



') Cxp. 135 



124 



B08M0SH0, H OHO Oil A'^flCTBBTeJTbHO npOBSOmJIO, eCJIH 6h HaSTH 

^^ocTaTOHHVH) CMy. „JI", roBopHTx Pa;^HI^eB^, ^ne B03i>Mycb 
onpoBepraxb eosMOoicHOcmu^ . n6o Hecyn^ecxByfoii^ee ecxB Me^Ta 
H He Bacjiya&HBaeTi onpoBepseniji. Ec;ih 6u eto saxoT'l^Jii ciio 
pa3;^tjiHM0CTb pacnpocTpaHHTb Ha caMoro Bora, to ctohjH) m 
6h owh ej^HHaro na onpoBepsenie cjiOBa? yj[£i6HeMCfl GesyMifo 
H saMiJiqHM'B. — Bopoqeifb MoatHO ee pacnpocipaHHTB h na ym- 
CTBeHHoe Ben^ecTBO. Xota A'^ficTBle ero HepaBAi^jieHO, HOOHosa- 
KJiio^eno wh npoTflseHHOM'E, Koxopoe mosho pas^'fejiHTb He tojibko 
MucjriH), ho h 3;']bficTBHTej[BH0. . ^Jifl ?ero :Ke no^HTaiB Hepasit- 
jKHMUifB Mucj[fln].ee sen^ecTBO ^)? IIpefiAeMi aaMbiCAoeamun Gpednu: 

CKOJlb OH'b HH SaMUCiEOBaTlI, HO Bce — 6peA'B. 

Teepdocmh ecTb cboSctbo, npensTCTByiomee fiesKOHeqHoS 
;i'|j[HMOCTH Maxepie. Onuxu A'i^jiaiox'b aKcioMOH) xo MH^nie ecre- 

CXBOCJIOBOBX, HXO HH O^^Ha CHJia BX Be^eCXBeHHOMX Mip'it He 

MOffiexx pa3;^'fejiHXb cxHxifiHHa na^ajia. SnaHaxx, XBep;i;ocxb npo- 
XKBopi^flXx pasAiJHMOCXH: oh4 ne Moryxx 6HXb Bt oahomi 
cyu^ecxB•fc coBOKynnH. Cx o^Hofi cxopoHH pa3;^4jiHM0CXb xpeCy- 
exx paspymeHia Majiififflaxx nacxHi^'L jio deBKone^HocxH (bos- 
Momno jIh xaRx 3a6jiym;tax'b h A'i^Jiaxb nycxoe Boodpasenie 6a* 
xieM'b!), cb j^pyrofi cxopoHH xBep;[ocxb, co;cepata cxHxiftnua 
HaTOJia njioxHbiMH,npe;?cxaBJiflex'b pa3pyuieHiK) onjioxy Henpeofio- 
pHMyH) (h zjijkch flBHo A^ficxBie Boo6pa;KeHia). CKamnxe Bame o 
ceiix piraeme, o bh, y kohxx pa3cy;^0K^ ne BaxMHJca npejiy- 
fiiffivHeniflMH ynefiHHMH h ^peJpa3cy;^KaMH niKOJrbr! 

Ho nocMOxpHMx, XBep;iocxb xiiix ^) cxojib jih hmi cboS- 
cxBCHHa H Heo6xo;^HMa, KaKx xo yBiparoxx yqnxej[H. OGpasx, 



^) CTp. 136—137. Mucjiflmee semecTBO 3Atcb=BMbTCJiflmafl cyocTae- 
i^ifl— re^ cogitans, a He «MbicJiflmee BemecTso ii03ra> namiixi coBpeiieHHHROBi. 

^) Cip. 138. Bb opHrHHaJit onenaTRa ct'I^xi*. 



— 125 — 

Kasi onpeAiaienie npoTflseHHOCTn, He noseTi cyn^ecTBOBaTb 
uHa^e, KaKx Bcai^ACTBie ci^tnieHiji bje BsaBHaaro npwrameuia 
iacTei(i (saRi CBaacyT's ^bbbbb), hjih BaRonoBi CHe»HOCTH (no 
vHtHiK) xHMBROBi). Gj^ACTBeHHO, CHja ci^iaJEeHifl HysBa, b6o 
6e8'B sea Be Sujo 6ii caHOff TBepxocTB, h Bce paseajiQTCii. Ho 
He AOBOJiBHO Toro, ^To paspymaxcfl rbJia a npefl^^yTii bi xaoci>: 
vjii HBBaBafl CHja ne x'i^flcTBye'rB, exBa jb BOspo^^BTca hb^to- 

SeCTBO B BCTHHHaJi CMepTB. KaRRfl nyCTafl MHCJB, ypoAiiBBoe 

60o6pa^eHie! 

PTTas'B, vMfk 6u BTa CBJia hb HaxoABjracb — b'b caifOHi jib 
BeniecTB'b bjeb HapyscB, OHa cbobm'b A'^ficTBieiii npoBBBo;tBT'B, 

HTO ^aCTBKU HaX0;^flTCfl BO BSaBMHOfl npOHflI];aTej[BHOCTB, BJB 

xoTfl npocTo OAHa 6jib3b jKpyrofi; oaa jKaeT!B odpasi, KOTopufi 
6es'b nefl ne MoaceTi 6iitb. yeB^TOSbTe ci^'bniieHie, — b Ben^ecxBO 
HsqesHeTi. Cji'bAOBaTejBHO, sTa CBjia cocyii^ecTBeHHa Ben^ecTBy; 
omoTO HejiBafl Boo6pa3HTB 6e3i Apyrofi. HxaBi TBep;^ocTB ecxB 
cjiij^CTBie BaBifl-jiB6o cbjei, Bas'B npeMBHU, a cyiu;ecTBO ecTB 
OTX Hea npoflCxoj[jin;ee jkHcrBie. 

Ctojb x,e CBOJBcTBeHHO Ben^ecTBeHHOCTB b ompaoiceHie. 
OneHB Tpy^^HO npBBecTB (BaBi noBa3£rBaH)Ti oheitei) ji^Ba Benie- 
CTBa Bi BCTHHHoe npBBocHOBeHie. OipaseBHocTB ;(ii9cTByeTx 
HHorja ;iase bi OT;i;ajieBHOCTB otx T'bja , KOTopoMy ona 
npBHa;[jiemBTx. Oinero naBOJioTH'J^flinifl x'l&Jia ctojb npoBBAa- 
TejLHU? ^To npoBBBOWTx ynpypocTB, cmBMaHie b paciaateHie? 
OT^ero o;iHO Ben^ecTBO bi CT'l^cseHiB cxaflOBBTCfl ynpyacie^ a 
;ipyroe — bx pacxflseniB? OTpaxeeie, aaKx b npBTHateHie, cy- 
mecTByeix Besjti ^j; BemecTBa wh copaBMipnocTB ;^ib9cTBia o;i;- 
Bofi CBJIH on^yn^afOT'B ^'j^flcxBie b Apyrofi. Ha caMOMx A^j'ib b:b 
Ben^ecTBeHHOCTH cyn^ecTByioT^B tobmo npBTfl^esia b OTpameHia 
Ces'B BCflBOfi TBepAOCTB: AJLA ^ero npej^nojraraxB xBep;i;oe, ecjB 
ero ?acxB BBBor^a ne Moryxx cbjoxbxbca? SasJiOHBM'By hxo 
ecxb iciicxo B'B npocxpascxBi, vj[j^ cyn^ecxByexx sas^^afl CBJia, 

Crp. 141. 



126 



H OTRy^a OBiSi, A^fiCTByeTX bx copadiffepBoft ea. Moryn^eciBy 
OBpyri. JI0KK6 HJiH ero HcrojisaBaTejib ynoTpefiHiH ctbxotbop* 
HyH) H MeTa<|)H3'H^ecsyfo BapTSHy BceMoryntecTBay Bpan^aio marocfl 
HaA^ nyermf^B npocTpaHOiBOMi, h noBejiiBmaro eity pas^'i^jHTBCfl 
n OTBepA^TB. Bh^cto CJiOBa abbhi mucjb Beeitoryn^yio: Aep3- 
HOBeHie! HspesaTL cjeobomi, 3ByB0M^, sudjenieMi Bos^iyxa uucn 
npe^B'^qHyio! JIfl, fiy^^eri cvjia bi sasxofi xo^st npoeTpancTBa — 
H ce A^bfiCTBie Baiaioca! IIpHTflmeBie h oipaseBie npocTepjHCJi 
usTy cpejijn CBoeS ^^ifiCTBieMX, bbhjicb o6pa8'B b npoTaaceHHOCTB, 
Bein,ecTB6HH0CTB npifljra cyn^ecTBO. TBepxocTB ctojib usao nuien 
H'icxa vb cef CHCTeMi, ^^to y;iHBHTej[BHO, saBi My^pcTBOBaBmie 
;(aBHo He pascyAHJiH, qxo ona b coBcd^Mi He seTaiH ^). 

^pysBJi HOB, oroBapHBaexca PaABn^effB: pa8Apo6jrBB CBoi- 
CTBa BennecTBeHHOCTH, la ne HBqesneT'B oHa cobc^h'b, h ja 
He 6yAeMi caMB t'^hb h He^Ta! 

BeadfbUcmeie ecTB to coCTOSHie cymecTBa, b3x Koero oho 
HSCxynHTB He MoateTx, jtoKOJii hto-jhCo ee{?) b3te> onaro ne h3- 
BJie^eTX. Ho yxBepat^aTB, mxo Ses^tiflcxBie ecxB CBOficxBO npn- 
po;iu Basexcfl Hej'bnocxBH). £e3pa3cy;i;HHfl! Kor;ta 3pBniB b'b 
npeBHcnpeHHflB . H bbabhib oCpan^enie x'I^ji'b jryHesapHMXi, Kor;ia 
BBj^HHiB :kb8hb, paac^BHHyio B'B XHCfliii;H xBtCfln^eii oSpasaxx no- 
BCiojiy OKpecxi ce(ia, — yatejiH MoateniB CKa3axB, ^xo ees^rjiflcxsie 
BemecxBeHHOcxH CBoflcxBeHHO, H j^BHatenie efi Hecpo;iHO. Bee bt» 
^pBpo;^i ;[BHateTCfl, h Bce atHBexi. Ecjih xh HH^iero ne seaeniB 
6e3^'fcficxByeMaro, ecjiH Bce bhahhib b% ;iBHmeHiH, xo He cye- 
My^pie JiH roBOpBXB tom-b, qx6 ne cyn^ecxByexx? Ha hto 
HaMi 3HaxB, Hub AO ciossenia nipa Chjo, h mosho jih naii^ 
3HaxB, KaKi xo Cbijio? Ben^ecxBOHHOCXB ;^BHatexca h ^HBexx. 
3aKJiH)^BMx, Hxo ;^BHateHie eny cpo^rno, a fiesAitfcxBie ecxB Beme- 



*) Cip. 143. PaaameBi yKaauBaeTB, ^to bb «CiiXB GjmjsfiEua'b nyTeBOAi- 
Tej[bCTBOBajLB» eiify npucmAtU (cTp. 142). 



— 127 — 

<;tbo THoero BOcnaoreHHaro Mosra, ecTL iirjia h t'Ihb. Mei HM^eM^ 
npaBO Heocnopniioe yTBep2s;iaTi>, hto ABflseHie bi Mip'b cyiuecr- 
ByeTx, HOHO eCTB cBoftCTBO BemecTBCHHOCTH ^). HoKasaBi Heoc- 

BOBaTeJBHOCTB MH'^HiH CeS^'lSeTBlH Ben^eCTBeHHOCTff, ^U CaMKfM'B 

T^MX noKasajiH, ^to J^BHaleBie orB Hea HeoTCTynno n HeoT;i;'fe- 

JIHMO. 

nocji'6 Bcero csasaHHaro o ^^BHxeHiQ, npBTflseHiQ h OTpa- 
aseniH, HeHvsHO en^e noRaBUBaTB, ^to n mHOfcecmh cocyn];eeT- 
BeHHa BemecTBeHHOCTH. 3Ta BceoCmaa cejia, bi noHaTitr KOTOpofi 
^EJEioqaeTCa npnTaaceeie h OTpaacenie, npe;cy8HaHa EetiMpoMh 
H AOBasaHa HionwHOMz. IIpaBjta, npd^HHa ea coBpuBaexca ot'b 
npoHHn;aHia nainero. Cia CHja aa fiyieti ^'feficTeie H-feKOero yn- 
pyraro semecTBa, KOTOpoe s^upoMz HasBa^i HroTOH-B. ^a h ca- 
MHfi a$Hpx — He BemeCTBeflHOCTB jth ohx caifi? Hiotoh'b, jiijiaa 
^ro npH^MOK), KaaateTca, ero Kb BemecTBy He npH^eari, h6o 
fiy^y^H npH^HHOH), ohi He MoateTx hm4tb CBOficiBa Toro, ht6 
npoH3Bo;iHTx: Heji-feno cKasaiB, qio npn^HHa TaatecTH hjih npn- 
nxenisi caMa HM^exi TaacecTB h upHTaacaiejiBHa. Ho 6HTie 
^^flpa ecTB TOJBRO npeAnoJomeHHoe, a ne AOBasanHoe, nsoCp'fe- 
TesHoe jija odxacHenia HnoxedEE, xoxa h tfjiecxaii^ia, ho npe;(no- 

JOXeHHBIfl 5e3l OHHTHOCTH. ECTB tiJlSi {wbji^h H aCH^^BOCTH CyTB 

T^jra), no;tBepaceHBLia ocasaHiio, bohxi CBofiexBO octb ne xaaiLeeTB, 
fictcAa cpedodaAHtttancfi, saBTo: oroHB, rasu h canaa Bo;ia; aaKOny 
TflsecTH OHH HHorxa CJffijiyBOTi, HO TOBMO Bi coBOEynjienin h 
^TBep;ri^HiH. Hxi cboActbo ne TaaBecTB, He ci^injieflie, ho pac- 
Tflsenie h BOBJexanie, hjih Jiynme CKaaaxB, h xo, h xpyroe BCJi'bjsr 
cxBie sasoHOB'B CHemnocxH. „S cb xpenexoMi Bospassaio Hxo-Jin6o 
H3o6pixeHiH) ocxpoynia, h ;iep3aa npoxHBopinnxB HioxoHy, noKa- 

SyCB HeCMHC.ieHHHM'B; HO KaKX CKasaXB MOffiHO, HXO OrOHB HM'fe- 



') Cip. 143. 



— 128 — 

eri TflsecTfc, n r;^^ npnTflseHie Boenapaioiiieftcfl boaei, JHineH- 
Hofi BOB^yxa H 6681 AaBjienifl uTM0c4)epu" ^). 

BoTX npej^JTori o6iii;aro ecxecTBOCJOBifl, njrHOHa(?) Mexa^Q- 
SH^ecRafl ^acTB '). Mh bhahhx HaHSxacHemn o6a^nxi CBoficTBs 
BemecTBeHHOCTH, KaRi npOTHBop'b^nBH H HenaAeiRHH qejo- 
B'l^ecBifl cyasjieHiji: Bce biohuxi sasncnT'L oti^ nepBaro nsiac- 
Heeifl. ?aeTO cnopion^iecfl, uuisi pasHUfl noeflTia o seii^n, He 
noHHHaiOT'B Apyrx Apyra; jBeJianie sacjrysHTB bma ocipoyMHaro 
BBepraeTi b'b o6jracTB BOo6paa;eHifl, a noTony h fijyjR^teHifl. 
O^ieHB ^acTO B'B OAHOMy HOBOMy 4>£tBTy npuBflSEiBaiOTX Bci npe;B- 
Hie H cocxaBjflioT'B CBexeny (a xasi KaKx axo HasBaeie craio 
H'^CBOJiBBO CM'ImHo), jhCo oeopiR), HJiH yMOspieie. Sa^cb Pa;(H- 
mfiB'h cnpaBexJHBO yRasBtBaexi ecxecxBOHcnuxaxeiflMi: ,0 yx- 
cxBOBaxejEH, d^iHcumecb onumnocmu... He xn^HxecB yra^aiL^ 
^ero BeBOSMosHo. To, bi ^eiiy cxpeJUHxeca, ecxB mhcjtb BceBuoi- 
Hflfl, aBHqxo?". HioxoHx, conparafl uaoSpfhtnenuyH) ETd^h TBXiecn 
CB HSM'bpeHieM'B n ncHHCJieBieHx, ^^ajx eS tfjiecxfln^ee npaBAono- 
Ao6ie, H HHBxo He cifi^exx eiiy npoxHBop^HHXB. IIpnxfla^eHie ae- 
ocnopHMo; bo npHTajseme xiji He6ecHuxx, ABnasyn^nxca hi 
HanpaBjeBin npaMoS ;rBHiH, e;(Ba jth He pymnxca, Ror^a ctojii> 
^e ;iep3H0BeHHufi pasyHi conpasexi hobha oxRpoBeeia (x. e. 
oxRpHxifl) BO e;iHH0 H xflmecxB ocnopaxB saxo^exi. Ecjh mosho 
HCXHHy, npe;iHyBCXBOBaxB, xo cie npe^^yBCXBie Bipoaxno '). 

06paii^aacB rx oaBHOMy npe;[Mexy pascyjsiieHia — CescHep- 
xiio n CBoficxBaMx xynin, PaAHn^eBi sa^aexca BOnpocoMx: ho- 
ryxi JTH CBOflcxBa Ben^ecxBeHHOCXH 6iixb n CBOficxBaMH pasyHHaro 



^) Cip. 147. jlK)6onbiTHO, ito bth caMOCTOHiejbHUH paacyKAenia Paw- 
nieBa, ocHOBaHHUH na «onuTROCTH», CHJiboo nanoMEHaiOTi ooaAHtMmiff AOKTpiflU 
inejiJifinroBiieBi (nanp., IlaBJiOBa, cm. II tohi namero coHBHeHiff, cTp. 172) 

AByXl OCHOBHUXl cfijiaxi. 

') He^ocHOTpi peAaRuiH reKcra. 
») Grp. 149. 



— 129 — 

Be^ecTBa, t. e. ^ejioBi'iecKofi Ayma? Hejiino CKaaait, Cvato hjb- 

CTBoeaHie, uucjih to «e, ht6 h AOHseHie, npniflmeHie n t. n. 

Ho ecjin noBasaxB, qxo nocJi'^^^Hifl cyxB hjh Moryx'B 6htb xaRHie 

CBOHcxBaiiH HyBCTByioniaro h Mucaau^aro BeiA^CTBa, to Homao 

6y;ieT'L yM03aKJiK)«iHXL, hxo h oho, h eemecxBeHHOcxB cyxL e;^HH0 

BemecxBO. ^yBCXBeHHOCTs h mucjib OKaatyxcn xor^a CBOficxBaMH 

Jfaiepia, ho nocKOJiBKy ona oCpasyeTca (t. e. noayqaeTx oCpaai) b'b 

opraHHqecKHX'L T^jiaxi. Ectb chjibi bi» npHpoA'i^, noAJie2Kani,ifl na- 

niHMi qyBCXBaiii tojibko b'b hx'b conpaateniH c^TijaMH; jkhbhb, aaKx 

;ii3cTBie HessB'bcxHaro neii^ecTBa, BesA*)^ pasciflna, nocxanoBHTCfl 

TaMxaBCXBenH^e, rjii conpaateno HanSojiie pasHHX'B chji'b bo e^HHo: 

a 8T0 6HBaexx TaMT>, rji HanHHaexca HyBCXBOBanie, Koxopoe, co- 

BepnieHCXByacB, jiocaraexx MHCJieHHOCxH. Be* 9xh chjih h caMaa 

M3HB flBjaroxca coBOKynHBiMH CB BeiuecTBeHHOCXBK). IlepeMiHH 

Bi> MHCJieHHOCXH cooxB^xcxByroxx nepeMfiHaM-B BemecTBeHHOCxn. 

Mh saRJiOHaeM'B, qio bx bhaeemomx m^i mnsexi o;(0HaEopo;(Hoe 

BemecxBO, owpeHHoe pasjiHqHHMH CBoScxBaMH h mckohh cyme- 

CTBeHHO npHCBOeHHHMH eMy CflJiaMH. HaMX He03B'6CTHO, EaKX 

npoHSBe^eHx cefi coh)3b. H npeffi^e Bcero, HenpoHHD,aTeJiBHOCTB 
CBoficxBeHHa BemecTBeHHOCTH, paBHOMipHO H MHCJieHHOCTH. „y3Ke 
a 3pK) sapanie xo;inH, na naci Boscxaiomia; yjTKifiKH npeBptnia, 
ocMiflHie, — ecJiH 6u 6ujio o^ho onpoBepateHie aoboaobi! ITpe- 
6y;ieMT> b^ cxesi naineS, n ;^a MOJBa ne oxspaxExx eacx oxx 
Hauiea hj^jih!" ^) 

HenpoHHi3,aTej!iBHOCTB ecTB TO CBoScTBO KaKoro-;iH6o bg- 
mecTBa, BCJitACXfiie Boero oho cb ;tpyrHM'B ae MOaterB naxo^^axBca 
Ha o;tHOM'B Micxi B'B o;^HO BpeMa. Bee, hxo cymecxByeTx, ne 
uosReTh HHa^e hm^tb 6Hxie, KaK'B naxojiaca r;t4-jiH6o. IIpocT- 
paHCTBOj xoxa n ecxB oxB^e^ennoe noHaxie. ho bt. caMOMx js/hji'h 
cymecxByexx, ne aKo BemecxBo, ho KaEx oxdHTie onaro. Ecjh 



^) Crp. 151. 



— 130 — 

Heo6xo;^BMa nycTOia ajis ;^BH^KeHia, to Micio hjth To^Ka, rj^i 
oHa Haxo;tHTCfl, Moseti ^taxb noHflTie o npocTpaHcxet, t. e. o 
BMicTHJiHm'6 CtiTia. CjiAyeT-B, ^to h MHCJieHHoe Beii;ecTBo aojl- 
acHO r;['fe-j[H6o Haxcj^HTbca. A noejuBy Ka3K;^oe hsi. hhx'b(?) cctb 
Ben^ecTBO oco6eHHoe, CHa6»LeHHoe 000611111 duTieMi, to ABa la- 
KOBHXt BOmecTBa (t. e. ;iyfflH) ne Moryxx 6htb Ha o;^hom^ m*- 
CT^ Bt OAHO BpeMfl. „CMMca, ecjiH Jiy^me pasyMiemb, ho bos- 
3pH Ha ce6a m y6'6;^HCB!^ ^) F^i;* mkicjib tbos atHBexx? r;r.4 ea 
HCTO^HHKx? — Bt> rjiasi XBoefi, bx Mosry, KaKx yqnxi eateMrHO- 
BeHHiifi onHxx. Ho mhcjb cxoamaro 6jih3b xe6a Heya^eja b% Te6t, 
bx Mosry XBoeMi, ;^JIfl onpoBepateHia mohxx ;iobo;iobb? BcaKi 
iiM'liex'B cbok) rjiaBy, cboh) mhcjib: mucjib OAHoro He ecxB mhcib 
;ipyroro — h HaoSopoxi. Bh 06a, hjih MErcJieHHOCXH BaniH — ne ex 
OOTOMt Mtcxi cymecTByroxx, cjiiTOBaxejiBHO, cyxB nenpoHHua- 
xejiBHLr OH*]^, a ne xojibko hxx oprann, Mosria. Ecjih h npHSHaxB^ 

qXO MHCJieHHOCXB OXBJieKaeT'B HaCB OXB XijieCHOCXH, H Jl,B'h oco- 

6usL MHCJOHHOCXH oxflocBxejiBHO MBicJieHiK)(?) Moryxx 6kixb cobo- 
Kynett, — xo ocMOxpaMx: nycxB XBoe Boodpaaaenie KJiOKo^exx h 
HOCHxca Jiernai BByKa h 6ucxpie CB^xa, xBapB, ce roHKa— h 
xBt Ha nefi! 

CxynHMi man eme bi. HSBflCHeniH ^tiAOti^aduuxd^ BaniHX'B 
;^0B0;^0Bx ^). 

MHCJiHxejiBHOCXb — npoxaateHHa, Hwiexi oSpasx. „BflaLy, 
BHffiy, CMiemBca, xoxoneniB, BJie^emB sa co6ok) M'fepy h Bonpo- 
maefflB: Koxopofl reoMexpHqecKofi ^nrypi ona ^o;^o6Ha"? 

HpoxaateHHOcxb ecxB xo cboScxbo Ben^ecxBa, BCJiiJACXBie fo- 
xoparo OHO sanHMaexx M-fecxo b-b npocxpaHCXBi. ^a;^BM'L eme 
opyarie npoxHB'B ce6a. npoxa»eeHocTB ecxB xo, qxo uo;^JIe5KHT^ 
BBMipeniio; Bce noweatamee BSMipeniio BMiexx npeAiJix; onpe- 



') Crp. lo2. 
*) Crp. iS3. 



— 131 — 

^jieHHafl npoTfl»:eHHOCTB hjeu hsm'j^Phmoctl ecTb ofipas'B. Mu- 
<ueHB0CTB saRJuOHeea bx Mosry h He A'^ficTayeTx na Hero hsbh*]^. 
Bo BceMx JTH OHa Moary HJTH BX o;iBo9 ero Macra — neHSBiCTHO. Uo- 
JoacHMi, HTO KyfiHHecKoe co;[epataHie Mosra ecTL 100 j^ioSmobi, 
TO MHCjreHHOCTb TBOfl, CKOjrB 6h Majia HE (5ujia, xota 6u Maxe- 
MaTHqccKaa TO^Ka, co;iepatHTca bo cto; ado Mosn HsiiipuTb, 

CB'feCHTB M07IVH0. KtO SHaeT'B, He OTX TflJKeCTH JEH HJIH JICrOCTH 

DpoHcxoAHTx pasjiHHie yMOBx? EcjH u^jioe BejHKO Kaateica, 
CTasB ;^po6H Viooooo ^ ^'- ^' — ^^^ Cy^jexx HSMipHMaa ;^po6B. 

j^a^HMi MEicjieHHOCTH H oCpasi ^): Mosri npoTa^Keni, a 
noTOMy H Bce bx HeMt co;^epKaI^eecfl. ^a n caMi no cefii Mosrx 
HMtex^ onpeA^JieHHHfi o6pa3'fc; CJI'fe;^yeT'E, hto h co^jepmameeca 
BL eeifB o6paBOBaHHO. Baarejib A^-^aeTi cnepBa rjHHaHyio ^opm^ 
wo6pa3yeTx CBoero Ano-uoHa. Ho KaKOBi HMeHHO o6pa3% mhc- 
jeHHocTH, onpeji-fijiHTB Toro He Mory. BcaKoe aH;^Koe Tijio 06- 
pasyerca no cocy^y, b-b KoeMX co;iepatnTca. Boajtyxx, co^epaKa- 
mittca B-B Ky6. ^^loflMi, Momeix pacTHHyxBca na 100 Ky6. ca- 
«eHB. Ho ecjiH ohx Hey;^o6oH3MipHMi, to ero mojkho BSBicHTB. 
He 6oSca, ne 6o8ca, a MucjieaHOCTB xBoeS na 6e3M'6H'B He no- 
joxy. Cnjia ajieBxpHMecRaa bi> jieHAOHCKoS CKJi&UEH'k B3BtnieHa. 
He B3B'6nieHa cajia MarnnxHaa, ho kxo cxanexx oxpai^axB, hxo 
ona «<3Ben;ecxBeHHa(?). 

H'fex'B Hy«AH roBopMXB ApyrnxTb CBOficxBaxi Ben^ecxBen- 
HocxH, uocsojiBKy OHH npHJio^^HMBi Ki) MBicjieBHOcxH: 1) pasdrbJiu- 
Mocmh — CBOficxBO BOo6pameHBoe (ho cymecxByiomee), 2) meepdocnth 
— CBOficxBO, He yxBepa;ieHHoe aCHO, 3) 6e3drb^cmeie — Menxa, 4) 
dduofceuie: MticjeHHOCXB oji^n-h iisb ero pasHopoAHBixX) hcxotoh- 
BOBi, 5) mnoicecmh^ hjth na^e npaxaateHie h oxpamenie: Hwiexi 
jiH MBicJeHHOCXB cipeMJieHie ki ii;eHxpy somjih, xoro ne B4;i;aK); 
ao naxanie, npopoasAenie, atH3HB, jik)6obb h HenaBHCXB, ^x6 cyxB? 



»> Crp 153. 



— 132 — 

He Hy^Ha jih CHjra npnTflaseHifl na EaKoe 6hi to CJioxeeie bs 
6ujo? Hhhto He MOffieTX Chtb cpe;coK) en ^t^ficTBia, nane MHCjeHHO- 
CTH, ecjH CHjra aia HMieTi ToiKy, oxKy^ca jjiScTByeTi. Oho la- 
EOBO Bx caMOMT.;iijr'fe (to^kh — nponycKi bx opHrHHajii ^); jiajie 
6e8'B CBji3H ni'^jTHfi passus). 

Pa30(5paHHHfl CBoflCTBa BemecTBeHHOCTH, TaKx CKasaTB, Me- 
Ta(|)H3H^ecBifl, sasjiioqajincB b% oTBJie^eHHMmnx'B noHflTiaxx. Ho 
ecTB CBOfiCTBa BontecTB'B, KOH, npoHCTeKaa otx KopeHHoro cjio- 
ateflifl, saHMCTByioTX CBOficTBa naqajFLRHxi ^acTefi BeniecTBa. 
J[jiB HOsnaHifl exx Ha;i;o fobophtb o cmuxinm^ BaBX na^ajiaxs 
BomecTBi. 

HoKasaB'B, ^to CBoficxBa BemecTseHHOCTH cyxL CBoficTBa mhc- 
jiOHHOCTH, HOKaaieMX,! noKOAuny erbpoHmuo^ hto h MHCJieHHOCTs 
ecTb Ben^ecTBeHHOCTH cboActbo. Upeatje Bcero KaKia cyxb cbo8- 
CTBa BemecTBa MHC-iamaro? TauoBu: jkhshb, ^yBCTBOBanie, mhc- 
Jienie. 3th csoficTBa cyxt Hi^TO 6ojr'6e, neasejiH npocTO ;iBH;Ke- 
nie H np., xoTa, en/poHmuo^ h 3th chjih yqacTByiOTx b-b hxx npo- 
HSBe^efliH. 3;['6cB PannnteBX mejiaeTT> BBecTH 9KCKypci> „o coc- 
TaBJenin Tiji BOoCn^e", nOTOMy ^to, no MHiniiO HiKOTopLixt, jibh- 
meaieHeecTB cboSctbo noweman^Hxt nyBCTBaMX BemecTBt. Cth- 
xiHBcix'L Tiort cyTB: seMJia, Bo;^a, B03Ayx7>, ofohb. Mh snaeM'B nx^ 
He Bi qHCTOMx BHA^, a TOJiBKO B^ coHpaKeniH. EcjiH 6h npoqia ctb- 
xiH He HMiJiH 3eMJiaHHxx vacTHi^'B, TO oni (KpoMi scmjih) yC' 
K0jrB3a;rH 6bi otx nyBCTBi. KaatAaa 03^ hexx HMioTt cboh oco- 
6eHHHa CBoflcTEa: TBep;i4finiaa — soMJa octb ;iBHmHMoe, a ocTaib- 
Hwa (oroHB, a MoateTX Ceitb, Bos^yx'B h BOia) — cyTB naqajia jibb- 
atyn^ia; oni npoH3Bo;iaT'L jtBHStenie bx T^jax^; vleBX hhxx h^ts 
BE cjioxenia, hh paspymenia; owb saneMaiOT'B 6ojr'i^e Mtcia, 
wkwh soMJia, KOTopaa oj^na h30 Bcixx noAJesjHT'B lyBCi- 

BaMX *). 



Cip. 157. 
*) Crp. 160. 



— 133 — 

OnuTH flBJiflfOTi HaMX, *qTO js^BEmenie npoHdBOAflTi n He 
<;TBxiiHnfl Ben^ecTBa, Easi* cb'^ti (coBoaynHsift ofhed), mm dJie- 
sxpHHecRafl (HM'lK)inafl cboSctbo orHfl), MarHHTHaa, cmuxin cojiu, 
BOTopaa ecTb Bceo6iiiifi pas^'J^jiHTejiL, oco6j[ubo, coeAHHflflCb ci 
B03;^yxoM^, bo;^oh) h t. j. Ohh hm4k)ti» HCXHHHyK) suepiiw. Ho 
HTO OHa ecTB? To, MoateTX Chtb, eS oj^Hofi hsb^ctho, hjih Jl^aBineMy 
ee CTHxiaMx. ^ajiie — onaTB nponycKT* ^), ta* w^fflHH 6hjih 6HTb 

H3J[0;ReH£[ „a04po6HOCTH OCTHXiflX'B^, Aa6£I nOKasaXB HCTHHHOCTB 

E ocHOBaHHocTB Ha OHUTax'B c^'J^JiaHHaFO jiUaMu^ pa3;(']^jieHifl 

Ben^eCTBl 9a ABHSyiuifl H ABHSHMLTfl. 

CTHxifl, coej^HHaacB o^na ex ^pyroio, EBMiHaroTx CBoe Be- 
luecTBO Ao HeyBHaBaeMOCTH: BO^a ynoAodjiaeTca seMJi']^, ofohb 
TsepAieTi, He ataeTx h ne cb4thtx, Bos^yxx ofinapyatHBaeTx 
ce6a OAHOH) Tfl^secTiK). Cpe^CTBa, ynoTpe6j[fleMnfl npupoAOio A^a. 
<;jioseHifl CTHxifi, pa3HOo6pa3Hii, ho cji'huyh^yT'h OAHnaROBBiM'B sa- 
sonaM'B. EcTecTBOHcn£JTaTej[H, yo6n;afl nonaTia h Bocxo^a oti 
^Aflofi oiBjieneHHOCTH K% ApyroS, ana^e c^kjiSLBh ce64 CHCTOMy, 
H BosrHdbsAaa bi nee Bcb ebb'^cthhc ^slktu^ CRasajH, nio 06* 
n^ifi BaEOHi BcbTh cjiosenid ecTB npHTasseme. Ho RpECiajiJEH- 
sai^ia HJIH cxeRJiOBaHie cvtb jlh oaho (xoTa, no mh^hIk) EwgSoua, 

OfipaS'L npOHSBOAHTX BCJIHRyH) paSHOCTB)? 

^M AORasaxejiBCTBa CD;tnjieHia npHBOAaTx ohhtx Asyxx rjiaA- 
KHx^ noBepxHocTefi; 8to — oahhi hb & cjia6'fe8niHXx CJiyqaeBX. Ecjih 
ci^injeHie hpohbboaht'b cjio^Kenie xtjix, to yatejH ci^injieHie bx 
CTBRJii CHJBH-te BOJiOTa? ecjH 611 He CHJia Apyraa CHJia, to ^ib 
VAepsaiio 6H bojoto hoa'b mojotomx, a^jio 6u eny ctojib yjKac- 
Hoe pacTaatenie? 

Oaho HBi rjiaBHBix'B epeACTBx npHpoAH A<vfl CJOseHia n hsm*!- 
HeHia CTHxifi — opianuaauis] anajiHBncx qacTefi SHBOxnaro yRasH- 
Baexx Bci CTHxin ^). OpranHHecRoe Tijio ecTB RaRfiH xHMK^ecRaa Jia- 



*) Crp. I61. 
») Cip. 164. 



134 



6opaTopifl, rA'6 nponcxo^taxi pa3j[0 jhua aMajbraMu, pa3;(;']&j[eBifl a 
CJOHteHifl Aaa^e no^xH hobuxx Ben^ecTBi, eanp., HepseHHofi B;ias- 
HOCTE. HocjiiAHaa cxo;[CTBeHHa pasBt tojibko ci ajieKxpa^ecT- 

BOM'S n MarHHTHSMOHX (ROTOpBIfl 06a, MOneT'B 6uTh, BCOCaHBI 

6y;^yqH bt> xijio, bi Heni aMaJbraMnpyioxca, nepe^Boaxca h 
BM^bcx']^ ci ;ipyrHMH npoH3Bo;(flxi» HepBeeHyK) a^HASOCTB?). Taso- 
Bafl vLwbeTCH h bi opraHHsanjis shbothuxx. Bi opraHHsai^iQ 

;^'fefiCXByK)X•B BCfe CXHXiH. 

Mu3Hh ^) ecxB xo ^(tficxBie sBJieHifl, qpesx Koxopoe c^ha 
pasBepaaexcfl, pocxexx, nojiy^aext coBepmeHHoe lonoJiBeHie Bctxi 

CBOEXX CETJL'B, npOBBBO^^HXX naBH C^Mfl, nO;to6HOe XOMy, HSX KO- 

ero sanajiocfl, noxoMi xepflexi chjei h npHgjesaexcfl bx paspy- 
meHiiD. IIpoHCXo;(Hxx jth ahshl npocxo hs'b cjosemji cxHxiS, 
MoatHo 6y;[ex'B yxBepat;^axB jnHmt TO^J^a, Ko^;^a HCKyccxseHHO npo- 
HBBeAyxi opraHHqecBifl xtjia. Caja, Aaion^aQ aiesHb, o^HHaKOBa 
Bi JK0BOXHIIXX, pacxeeiflX'B (s'i&poflXHO, h bx ErcBonaeMiixi), 
HO flBJiflexcfl paBJTHqHOH) B'B pasHEixx cjio^KeHiflxi. He 6e3pa3- 
cyjiEo sasjiioqaTB, qxo ofohe ecxB oj^ho es% HeodxoAHUHX'B Hawaii 
»H8HH (ecjH He caMaa xhshb?) IIo yAajieniH cojHita bca npn- 
po;ta (RpoM^ acHBOTHuxx, B^BOxopiixi 6oJiBine orHfl) MepxB'iters. 

Paadpao/ceuHOcnihj npnii'^qaxejiiBHafl yace b'b pacxeniflxi 
(oco6eHHO, Bi ^yBCXBeBHHii;'!), h bi pa8;('lJieHiH, bi BOCSHn^HiH 
xiorx, ecxB, BtpoaxHO, nponsBe^eHie chjh BJieKxpHHecKOfl: lys- 
cxBeHHHua ysfl^iaex'B oxi Maji'^fimaro npHBOCHOBenifl. EBacB ? 
BCflEafl ^epneHxai^ifl He ecxB na^ajo pas^cpaseHHOcxn. 

Vyecmeenuocmh ecxB CBoficxBO on^yu^axB; ona ecxB CBofi- 
cxBO nepBOBi, BaRi j^o^asuBatoxx ouifxu, h npHnpcuBaexca $b* 
siojioraMH npHcyxcxBiio nepBeHHOfi spa^cxh. Besi shshh He 
Cujin 6u naiii hsb'I^cxh^ hh ^yBcxBeHHOCXB, hh MucjieHHOCXB^ 



^) Crp. 165. 



— 135 — 

CB ROTOpUMH OHa COBORynHa. ECJIH MUCJieHHOCTB MH HaXOi^HM'S 

TOJBKO BMicT-fe cx HyBCTBeHHOCTbK), a OHa Hepasjiy^Ha ex mnsHiio, 
TO He cyxB JTH cin TpH flBjenia t^jix — A'feficxBia e;i;HHaro Beme- 
CTBa? Hjih ^yBCTBOHHOCTb H MHCJiB cyxB ;i;tficTBie OTJiaqnara 
Bem.ecTBa, Ky;ta bxo;iht'l h ajreKTpH^ecTBO? BcTpiiqaeTca jkhshb 

6eZT> qyBCTBeHHOCTH, H HyBCTBeHHOCTB 6e3'B MHCJTH Ho »H3HH 

conyTCTByext Bcer;^a pa3;ipaateHH0CTB (HHatafiraaa cieaeHb qyB- 
CTBeHHOCTH). JIfi H He Bcerja fiBiBaroTX noTpe6Hue opraoH, nep- 

BBI, Ji,Jia HyBCTBeHHOCTH H MHCJIHI CCTB BCH^eCTBa — Ha CMeaSHOCTH 

e;iBHHa jkhshh h qyBCTBeHHOCiH, ht5 ne HMijoTX h Mosra. 

HiaKi, B% cyn^ecTBO atasHu bxo;ihtx ofohb; Bt ^yBCTBen- 
HOCTH saaiiTHH aBJienifl, noAoCHBia cjsii BjeKTpH^ecKOfi (h ;^ifi- 
CTByeii* OHa na Hamn nepBH, no;to6HO MarHHTHoS cwi); 'lys- 
CTBeHHocTB, ooBHAHMOMy, ecTB Hpo^tojateHie MHCJieHHOCTH, h6o 

H nOHflTia, H MHCJH BCi HpOHCXO^tflT'B OT'B ^yBCTBeHHOCTH, J^a 

H opraHBT HOCJiAHefi — npo;^oji«eHie oprana MHCjeHnaro. He 

aCHO JlVlj HTO MBICJIB, ^yBCTBeHHOCTB H atHBHB CyXB CBOfiCTBa 

Ben^ecTBa HenpoHHi^axeJiBHaro, npoTaaceHHaro, o6pa80BaHHaro 
(t. e. HMiiomaro (|)opMy), TBep;iaro h npoq. H6o oroHB, 9JieB- 
TpHHecTBO H MarHHTESMx cyib CBofiCTBa Toro ate Be^^ecTBa, hjh 
OHoe caMo. 

Kx BTHM'B o6n;HMx pascyatjteHiaMX Paja;Hnie?'B iipHCoe;i;HHa- 
CTt enie niKoxopHa no;ipo6HOCTH, ho yate ne OTt ce6a, a bi 
BH;^'fe fiojbffloro MOHOJora (cxp. 169 — 192) Boo6paa:aeMaro co6e- 
cb^HHsa, OTiaaHHaro npoTHBHHBa gesCMepxia ;^yaiH, BaBJiaxaro 
HaxepiajiHcxa, Boxopufi h ^'i^jiaexi bbieioji'b. 

HsjiHfflHe npHflHCHBaxB jiiUcTBijo oco6aro Ben^ecxBa xo, ^Tb 
Hoa^exi npHHa;(4esaxB vaxepiH, HeocHOBaxejiBHO A^^BaxB nejiOB*]^- 
necBOMy xijiy Ayniy, oxM'J^QHyio oxx x^jia n HenoHaxHyio. ^hshb, 
HyBCTBeHHQCXB H MHCJiB (hxt» HasHBaiox'B flyniOK)) cyx^ npoBs- 
Be;(e;Hie eAnnaro Beni;ecxBa, cocxa^HxejiBHua ?acxn Boero hm£k)X'b 
pasJin^HBia (nenj^eHeBC^ ncnBixanHna) BanecxBa. 700*6x0 Hays^, 

OC06eHHO 4^H3HBH H XHMIh Jl,0&B,SUBM>T%y HXO RQ He£0BM02BH0 



136 



Eor;ia-JiH6o yjiOBHTb npnpo^^y c^acTJiHBHMii onHiaMH b% ea 

TBOpHTejbHOMt CTaHy. Xoxa 6hl qyBCTBeHHOCTb H MHCJIB OHJIH 

ocoCeHHu^ CHJu, HO Hejbsa ToponHiBca oxpni^aTB hxt* npHHa;i- 
jieJKHOCTB MaTepiH, 6y;i;T0 oni j^SLme h He Moryxx 6htb ea CBofl- 
cTBaMcr. 

He y;^HBHTejiBHO, qio BOBMeqiaaa ce6a CescMepiHiiMH li, 
KOMy ^ymw ^pHpo;^a, kto He odpan^aexx na nee BHHMaTejBHaro 
OKa; He y;i;HBHTejiBHO, ^to amyi^ npadiatHn^a npeBBirae srhzee 
roHHMHre 64;i;cTBieMi, CKop6iK), 6ojt3Hiio. Ho Bcer;ia 6yjieTh 
<;TpaeHKiM'B to, ^to Jimjiu, naHnaTC npoHHKinie bx coKpoBeHHOCiH 
npQpo;iii H Bcer;ia ynpamnflBmiecfl bi pasHCRanie nxi, 
npHMiHiiK)TCfl B'B BOspoarj^eHifo, Borjia AodAexx ao p'^meHia aToro 
Bonpoca KoneqHOfl CMepxH. Cxojib cjaCocxB nama BejiHKa, 
€X0JiB HejEOBiKX fioHxcfl paspymenifl! TaKt h 6uxb J^0Jffl:H0, h6o 
ex MJia;tocxH mh OKpyatenH ^pe;l;y6'feHi;^eHiaMH, xBep;^a^^H]tfH o 
6y;(yii;efi shbhk, n npe^MexaMH, bi xhshh npHBasLiBaioniHMH. 
Bx BOSMyjRajiHX'B ji'ixax'B hjih oxBJieBaiox'B mucjih oxx paspyme- 
Hia, HJiH npej^cxaBJiaEoxx ce6'£ ero HeB'^poaxHBiM'B. npnca^BX 
EX rpo6y, h MyBCxsya neofiHTOftHoe, mbt B;^py^B o6pan^aeMca kx 
MUCJiaM'B despascy^HoS h)hocxh. Exo 6iij[x fijiasen^, xoMy saJB 
yMHpaxB, H ohx Mnnxx npoAOJiataxB asasHB 6e3CMepTieMT> ^). Hs- 
HeiioraiomiS uojn> xa»ecxBK) npeBpaxHaro cqacxia spHxi. bx koh- 
HnH'6 ROHei^x Hec^acxifi h mhhxx BOspojBAeuia yx'bxT>. 

KaKx oxHCKaxejiH jii&BiH npnpojiH Moryxx omafiaxBca b-b 
ea juMcxBiaxx! ^yscxBeHROCXB h mbicjib CJiiAyroxx xijiecHOCXH 
oxx poffijieHia jio kohhhhh; Kor;ia oxMHpaex'B ojuba^ npecxaioTX 
;^•feficxB0BaxB h Apyria. PojiHsmifica coBciMx nenpHHacxeH'B mh- 
cjiH, qyBCTBeHHOCTB ero BecBMa CJiadaa. Tijio yKpin-iaexca, Kynno 
ch BBWh MHCJIB n ^yscTBeHHOCxB. Jly^mee wh hhxx speMa, Korja 
xijo nojy^HJO upapamenie h yKpinajioeB BciMH CHJiaMH. A 
EaKaa cxenenB ocxa;iacB qyBCXBeHHOcxH h mhcjh bx cxapQR']^: 
o;^Ha nsrjia^^HjracB, jrpyraa paBnaexca MJiajieH^ecTBy. Howo ps- 

') Cip. 172. 



— 137 — 

jjaefflb? Ce oap^b TBOft, ce noKofi xijia TBoero! Bci Hana-ia co- 
ciasa TBoero npHxynHJiHca, u pyiiiBTBca hmx ;io;i2iHO. IIohto SRe 
njia^emB o HensfiiatHOM'L? Korja mesHL npepRexca, yeaHeTx h 
HVBCTBeHHOCTB, BSCflRHeT'B MUCJB, B BCflRoe HanoMBHOBenie npe.'ie- 
THTi, flKO jierKifi fl,uMT>. iKaJitenik o 6jiaa^eHCTBt, yacejiH siSB.Ji'k' 
enifc H SijiCTBiH? BosBfecb ^) Bct MneyTu nenajin, doj^isHB b 
npeBpaTHOCxeft, b npoTBBonojiojKB bm'b MHHyTH pajiocTH^ 3;ipa- 
Bie H 6j!aroieHCTBie, yBB^tamB, qio nama sjocqaciia Bcer;i;a npe- 
xaHer'B namy fijiaaeHCTBa. qewtx ate ciiyefflB? Bockjibkhb: 
ee nacB Mofi! CKawtB: npocTB! a oth;ib! 

SamBTHBKB jiyniB 6e3Bem;ecTBeHeo8, HecjroatHofi b noiOMv 
fiescMepTHOfl yTBepasjiaioTX, ^to bx npoTBBonojomHOCTB BHtin- 
HBMX ^yBCTBaMx, BHyTpcHHee HyBCTBOBaoie, npoacxoiamee oti» 
pasHHX'B qyBCTBX, B METCJiB, OTx HyBCTBX pomjiaiomaaca, ecTB nepas- 
;[tjiHMa, KaKx HepasAiJiBMO, Bcer^a eji;BHO h npocTO ceihdeuie caMOio 
^efi'/i (t. e. caMOCOBaame); 3Ha4BTT», b BemeciBo ;iyfflB laKate npoc- 
Toe B HepaBpifflBMoe, KaicoBoe paspymBTBca He MO^eix: ;^yffla 
Bi. paspymeHia Tijia npefiyjeT-B 6e3CMepTHa. 

Ho CKaffiB B BCTOJiKyfi: KaKi* BemecTBo npocioe MoateTx 
;^ifiCTBOBaTB na cjoatHoe, Kanx ;iifirTByeTx HenpoTanieHHoe Ha 
npoTaaeHHoe? H eme Toro HeaonaTH'be: KaKx HenpoTaateHHoe 
3aKJiH)qaeTca b-b npoTaateHHOcxB? Bt^B noHaiie npoTaaieHHOCTK 
npoTBBopiHHTi Hepa3;tijiBM0My *). Tkf ne snaeniB, Me^raiomifi 
B-fe^HocTB, KaKx 3aKJiK)HeHa ;^y^Ia CesBemecxBeeHaa bx npoTaasee- 
Hoe BjEarajiBo^e. JKeJiaa otjuh^btb ;(ymy oxx T']^;ia, tbi c^'l^jiajix 
ee y»e ne BemecTBOMx, a OTfije^eHieMT.: OHa — lOHKa MaTCMaTB- 
qecKaa, cjiijiOBaTejiBHO, BOo6paateHie, cohx. ^yma TBoa eciB 6e3- 
<5ymecTBeHH0CTB, nnqToasecTBO, HeSHiie: kto oin;yma;ii (ecjin He 
Bt MeiTaniH) hto-jih6o Hepa3;iijiHMoe, necjiOKHoe? II KaKx ce6i 
5T0 npe^CTaBBTB? Ecjih TO^Ka cctb Konei^x jiHHiB, to ncMy ate 



^) Mucjib, Ha KOTopoH ocHOBaHa II BaipoHOBa Euthanasia. 
2) Cip. 175. 



— 138 — 

jLjmsi OKOHqanie? TeCi, Kaateica, HacsyqHJO sRwrie h ycjaac^e- 
Hie — ociaBh :Ke naci, oTum bi cboa npeBucnpeHH^ji h sece- 

JHCfl! 

Ho OT^ero HeBOSMoano corjiacHoe A^ficTBie bc^x-b ^JBCTB^ 
H opraHOBi? Bee HiiieT'B cboh) ujijifc, h k% Hefi ofipameHu Bci 
HacTH H CHJH. Tu cymecTByeins bx MHCJieHHOCTH; wa tofo ae 
;iyMaefflL, qxo ^yBCTea h opraHU tboh He rjlsl nea cyiB, h OHa 
ne OTT> HflXB? EcjH eAHHCTBeHHaa ^acTHi^a Bosjityxa He Mosen 
nponsBecTH SByna, neysejH saRJiioHaTB, hto SBysi ne ecxB npo- 
HSBexenie B08;^yxa? Be3yMHH8! tu CKopo CRaa^enib, qTO h ^hshs 
Bx HeJiOBiKi ecTB HCBOBMOSKHOCTB, h6o Kaa:;i;aa naCTB Te6a ne 
ecTB atHBHb. Cmotph, Kyjia th aaSpejix! Kto ptimeix bi Me^ia- 
nia, He;iocTOHHX, ^^o6u onaro 6hji'b OTJiy^eHB. ^yBCTBenHOCTB 
MecxiH) He saMe^iiJiHiB. Bon^aHHfl tboh RpHjia pacxaioTx oxx ea 
atapEOCTH, n hobhA Hnapz^ tbe ^a;^e^lB ^)! 

RaBi MorjiH BofiTH Bx TB0& BiosFB cia ?pe3i»ecTecTBeHHas 
npocTOxa h nepasA'l^JiHMOCTB j^yma? Bosbmh qacH h y;tapB hxb 
BaMeHB*. Tji^ 6y;(eTB cefi hohth pasyMHHfi yKasaTejB BpeMeHH? 
Hjh Bi Kaatjioft ^acTH? MexajiJix ne BOBMOfflteTi Toro fiesx co- 
pasM'i^pHocTH Bi BOJecaxB H upy^HHaxB. Ayma Hepa3;(tj[HMa! 
Ho SByBX, 6j[arorjiacie pa3;t']^jiHMB[ jih? Cjoshu h pa3;![']^JiHHU 
^poH3Bo;^aI^ia opy^ia, ho ne npoH3Be;teHie hxx! He otx qyBCTB'B jh 
HHCJiB CBOH) HOJiyqaeniB? HepaB^^JiHMU jih yxo, obo, hocb? Mucjib, 
npoHBBe^eHie 'lyBCXBt, Ayma (no TBOCMy) HepaBA^JUHMa. Hbi oi- 
HOfi ;^yraH HejBsa CA^Jaxb Asyxx ^ymx. IIpucmMti roBopHTt: 
paBp'lacB ojHHi mapx Ha ;(Boe — BH^yTx 2 hojiobhhh, ho ne 6y- 
Aexx mapa. Cji'fe;iyeT'B jth, ^to cx paspyfflenieM'B opraHOBx He 
Moatexi paspyoiHTBca h ;^yma? ^) 

y^iejiH xpyAHo BOo6pa3HTb t. nas. Aymy e;iHHCTBeHHOK) b 



») Cip. 178. 
2) Cip. 179. 






— 139 — 

Hepa3;^'6jiHMOK), aKO A^ftCTBie tbohxi opraHOBX h ciomeHia? Bo- 
o6pa3fl ce64 o6mecTBO, cie HpaBCXBeHHoe, coCopHoe BemeciBO 
(Hanp., pEiMCEifl cenaTi, hjh aoHHCRyK) njom^aAB). Meoro ^acTeft 
fl:^4ficTBiS, HO BC'fe OAHoro atejiaiOTt. 9to ynowfijieHie, anecpaB- 
HGHie. Ho BC^ ycHJiia orjiijiETh ;iyiuy otx xi-Jia HanpacHH. 

Jljyiiia pacTeTi» ex t^jiomi. IIoHflTifl h mhcjh met nojiy^a- 
eMx OTX qyECTBi. EcjiH He B'tpanib th mh^, npo^XH JLoKua, 
Ohi y;i;HBHTx Tefia, ^to Bci mhcjth tboh, h caMHa OTEJieqeHHiS- 
mia, Bx qyscTBaxx tbohxi HMiioTX CBoe Ha'iajio. 9x0 ne npo- 
THBopi^HX'B xoMy, Hxo oxBjieHeHie ecxb ^ifiCTBie pascyjiKa. Bt 
qyBCXBax'B KopoHb oxBjieHeHHHx^ noHaxift, Sa^iMi Ai-'iaxb ;iymy 
BemecxBOMi, oco6hmx ox^ qyBCXBeHHOCxa? 9xo noxome na xo, 
KaKfiH ;iaefflL Ayiny Hocy, jtymy yxy, a Bt ocasaniH — ;iyniy Ha 
Eaa:;iyK) xoHKy noBepxHOCxa xtja. HeyatejiH Ha BcaKoe Aianie 
xtjia ;ia;^HMi. oco6yH) ;iyiny (eemecxBO noromee, roBopan^ee h x. 
I.)? IloJiy^aa nosnania oxi* nyBCXB^, xh, cxpanHHEb, xo^enib, 
qxcfiii MHCJieHHocxL 6Hjia hm% nyat^ia h npoxHEopiHyma? Ho 
oxKy;ia xei BOSMenxajix, hxo xBoa ;tyma fiesxji'feHHa h He ecxb 
j^ificxBie opraHOB'B? Ckojibko xijiecFocxefi na nee ^liflcxByex^I 
Bee H3M'6Haex'B ee — nnma, nnxte, 6oji43hh, cxpacxH, xo-iojtx, 
atapx. Ofla cxpaatjiex'B, a ne xijio. Moatexi jih SHaxB ;iyraa, Ka- 
Kaa MHCJib wh Hea npoSyjiBxca qpesi MrnoBenie, qero ona B03jKe- 
jiaex-B, Kania ;i;BHateHia cjiiJiaex'B x-fejo h x. n.? Jl^ynia, ospy- 
/KeHHaa ^pe;^MexaMH, ecxB xo, qx6 ohh efi Chxb onpejtijiaioxx ^). 
EcjH 6h ohh He H3Bini,aj[HXB0H qyBCXBa, eciB 611 xu 6hjix jinmeR'B 
qyECXB-L, XH He 611;!% 6h HBBicxeHx, qxo XH cyn^ecxByeniB, H6a 
HSBaKaa mhcjib ne Morjia 6u wh xe6'6 B03po;iHXBca. 

He xoKMo BH'fcniHOCXB, HO H Bca BHyxpeHHOcxb (cxpacxfl) 
i^apcxByexx Ha;['B TBoeio ;^ymefl. Ko^;^a. npesnpaa :fKH3HB, XHxe- 
qeuiB BO cjiA'B B05K;ieji4HHOMy ^pe;^Mexy cxpacxH, — r^i ^tyma^ 



1) Grp. 182. 



— 140 — 

ycTpoHTejiL TBoefl TijiecHOCTH, cyjiia tbohxx jifkamU? HHor;ia, 
HHor^a BOSBucHTii rjiacx, ho HenOEopjHBHe noA^^aHHHRH BJieRyi'L 

He TOBMo CTpacTH yMepmBJiawTx tbok) ;i;yiny, — Bcfe no- 

TpedHOCTH TBOE H HeAOCXaXKH npOHBBOJILHO BJ[aCTByK)TX Haji^ 

Heio (Tepsanie rjiajia, nanp.). Bi;i;aefflB jih bck) BJiacTB ate-iy^iKa 

EB,Jl,l> MHCJeHHOCTBK)? KOFJia OHl TOmX, xijIO HBHeMOffieTX, H ^tyffla 

pa3CJia6ieTx. Kor^a ofiHJBHBiil xhjx BJiiexca bx tboh 3CEr;iH (th 
cKopie BHaefflB ^tificTBie npecHmeHia, exEr;i;Ho saMiqaeTx Pa- 
;^HmeB'B *), H ecTCCTBeHHocTB B'B TeCt oSnoBjaeTca, ckojb CJiaoa 
Tor;i;a TBoa mbtcjib! BemecTBO CesT-fejiecHoe, ecjiz qeny ^ipyroMy 
TH Heno^BJiacTHa, to nBaHue napn KOHeqeo chjbho ea Te6fl 
;^•fefiCTByH)T'B. Ko^;^a th, o AwSumeAh dyxoeuuxb eeti^cmez, ycy- 

MHHfflBCa B'B CBOeft BemeCTBeHHOCTH, TO B0B;ta B'B COHMTb DBfl- 

HEEX-B, — CKopo yfii^iHfflBCa, ^T0 c% TijiOMX H ;iyina nBaflieTx! 

CKy^HO coCapaTB eme ;^OBOIKI Ha to, ht5 ctojb acHO. 
JIjymeBHLia chjih sospacTaeMu ex T'^jecHUMs; ont cxajiH pacmH- 
poHH y;^o6peHHUM^ BOcnHTanieMx; BooCpaatenie ecTB ujioi'h 
cxpaHBi, Tjsfk 2KHTejiiBCTByeniB; naMaxB ejiHHCTBeHHO saBHCHTx otb 
Mosra: KO^;^a ohx CTapHTca h TBepiieTx, TO^;^a h nanaTB xepa- 
eTx CBOH) cnocofiHoCTB; ecTB cnoco6H TijiecHHe na ea pacniH- 
penie; BBBManie yTOMjaeTca HanpaateHieMX *). Ecjih Bce cie ne 
ecTB T!e6i AOBasarejBCTBOMi, B0fi;^eM'B sa mhoh) bi xpannHy, 
yroTOBjeHHyjo iejiOBiKOJiK)6ieMi. ji^jia cxpaat^^ymaro neJiOBiqecTBa, 
Bx xpaHHJiHme 6oji'fc3Hefi: ne co^^poraemBca jh? HeTpeneTHO boc- 
xoAHBHiH na ct'6hh rpaACsia n npesHpaBi TBtcaqn CMopTefi, tu 
spamB 3;^•fecB tboc paspymenie, HewnnyeMyH) CMepTHOCTB: bocb 
cocxaBx TBofi coTpaceTca, He TyatH o BOcnajieHHOMX orneBHii;eiD 
H yMaJHmeHHOM'B! B'ipB, ohh Hep']k;(So nacB 6jiaxeHH']^e: ohb 



*) CTp.183. 

«) Cip. 184-185. 



— 141 — 

He Bij^aioTi CBoefl fiojiisHH, TepaflCL bx Me^TaHiaxT*. Ho co;^por- 
HHCb na 6tcHyK)n](arocfl, ea nM%H)[i^aro hi iiosry ^apeff. Ayma, 
^t6 th h TAi TH? EcjTH cjiafiH ;^OBo;^H dnunypa, Jlynpeuin h 

BCfext HOBHXl HX-L ^OCJIt;^OBaTeJIeft, TO BCJIHKOe MHOateCTBO 

npnM'J^poB'B Hafi^^excfl bi nepBoB 6o;ibHBi]['§ ^). 

EcJiH H 8Toro Ma;io, to Bossppi na cohi, h pascMOxpn, mo 
QWh ecTb: noBHaeuiB, KaKOBO cocToanie ;[yraH dy^eTx no CMepTH. 
IlepBoe: CHOBOj^iHia tboh ctojl ate Majio oti Te6a saBHcaTi., 
KaKi H OTx TBoero noHaxia. Ecjh mosiho TOMy b^phtb, hto 
CHOBH^^iHie ecTB Ha^ajio npo6yat;ieHia h iipoasBoj^Hxca HiMX-jraCo 

BHimHHM'B, TO, SHaHHT'B, CH0BH;i'feHie HeJIBSa OTHeCTH BT) JliiS- 

cTBOBaniK) TBoefi ;iyiiiF. Kor;^a jkg napH. nojixeMJiromieca ot'l 
/Kej!iy;i;Ka, He TpeBoataTx Moara, h cohx noKoeex h KpinOK-B, tbi 
HCTOJiBKO He ^yBCTByeraB, ho h mhcjib xBoa nejii'fefiCTBHTeJiBHa. Uo- 
CMOTpH Ha Tixx, KOMy dojiisHH ;iaK)Ti) coHx jiojiroBpeMeHHKifi: 
cupocu: Me^xajiHf JH ohh hto-jh6o? Hjih ;iyMaeinB, qio bi ptme- 
HiHsajiaqT' MUTCMaTHqecKHXi ynpaatHajiHca? BoBspn Haofixaxaro 
ooMopOKOM'B H qyacTBT* jHmeHHaro! Ecjih HSJHniHe Hcnyra;eHHaa 
KpoBB noBepraja Te6a bx TaKoe nojiomenie, to Bnaemb tbi, ht6 
CMepTB eCTB. KaKx hohcctb ;iyniy cyn^ecTBeHHOcriio, 0T;iijieHH0K) 
OTX Ttjia, KO^;^a cohx h ofiMopoKx jrnmaiOT'B ea Toro, ^to ea 
cymecTBo cocTaBjraexx! 

jJtHTB nOCJli CMepTH He TOJIBKO HCBipOaTHO, HO H HCBOB- 

mo;kho. Boo6pa3u, qTO TiJio TBoe paapyrnHJioca, h tbi ya?e 
MepTfix ^). XoTa 6ei ;tyina h 6Hja atHBa, ho ona JiHineHa qyB- 
CTBi, opyjiiB MHCJH, H cocToanie ea HSMinnjioca, hoto, HTdnpw 
3:h3hh: MoateTX jih OHa omyn^aTB h mbicjhtb? Th no ^ymi CBoeS 
OyjiemB ne totx qejOB^Kx, ht6 ^bijix ho cnepTH. Otx qero sa- 
BflCHTx TBoa oco6eHHocTB, TBoa jh^hoctb, qTOTBi ecTB TBI? IIo- 



') Crp. 186 (onei. 189 bi oahomi 3K3.). 
*) Crp. 188. 



n 



— 142 — 

<;pe;tCTBOM'L nyBCTBt th cie MrHOBenie nojryHaemL HBBimeBie o 
ShtIh TBoeMx, H Bi cji'6;tyK)ii;ee MrHOseHie to ate ^yBCTByemi. 
^^!o6u 6htl yBtpeHHHM'fc, hto npea^Ae nyBCTBOBaHie npoHCxoia.io 
Bi TOMX ate qeJiOB^Ki, b'b KaKOMx xenepB, HaAJemaT'L 6htb «a- 
noMUHoeeuin). Ecjib 6h nejiOB'bE'B ne 6bijk'b ojiapeHX najf^Tbio, 
TO OHi He Mor'L 6u QM']^Tb HHRaKHXi 3HaHifi, II He Bi;iajix 6Kr. 
MTO OHX 6H.IIT. He ^tajite, KaKi bi npomeAmee MrHOBenie. Ecjih 
no CMepTH naMflTb ne 6y;ieT'B CBoftCTBOMi TBoefi ^lymn, to mo»ho 
JIB HasBaTB Te6fl t^mi ate qejcoBiEOMx, BOTopufi 6ujn> b'b shsbh? 
Bcfe jifkanm TBOH 6y;^yT'L hobh h He 6y;i;yTi> othochtbch Kt 
npeffiHHMx. SK-HTb bhobb h He SHaiB o tomb, hto 6ujn>j cctl 
TO a:e, hto ne 6bitb. 3a6BeHHoe — jjia nacx ne cymeCTBOsajio '). 
A qTO nejiBsa njiwh coxpannTB naMHTH, qniaft bo Bpa^efiHHXi 
KHHrax'B MHoro^HCJieHHBie u y6']^jiHTejiBHHe npHMtpn. IIpecTOJi) 
naMflTH ecTB M03n.; a ohi ecTB BemecTBeHHOCTB, Ttjio, rnieTii, 
paspymaeTCfl. IlaMaTB 3aBHCHTT> otx nero e;tHHCTBeHHo: r^'b sue 
OHa 6y;teTx? Fj^'b 6y;^eT'B npeaLHifl th, rjifk .ib4hoctb? BipB, no 
CMepTH Bce Ma Te6a ManyeTca, m jiyuia tboa HCHesHeTX. 

no CMepTH BCe HH9T0, 

H CMepTB caMa hh^to. 
Th xOHemb snaTB to, r;i;t 
By^eniB no soH^HH^b? 
TaMi 6y;i;eujB th, vjki 
Buji'B th ao pom^^eHBfl. 

Cenena^ wh Tpare^in „Tpoa^u" (t. e. „TpoaHKH" ^). 



') Cip. 189. 
'^) Cip. 190. 



Troades, Act. II. 
3aEJiH)^HTejiLHnd 

C horns Troadum. 



398. Post mortem nihil est, ipsaqne mors nihil, 
Yelocis spatii meta novissima. 



— 143 — 

llTaRx, ecin MOdrx h rjiasa nysHM a^si MBicjieHin, a Hepsn 
]i,jui qyBCTBOBaHia, to fiespascyieo MeHTaxb, qxo ;^yina MoaReix 
jsiicTBOBSLTh 6e3i EHXi. Ofla HX^B npoH3Be;ieHie, aoHHOcyatAeHH 
Ki paspymeHiH), He^bsa BOoOpaSHib ce6i, hto ecTb xaKoe Be- 
mecTBo, npbcToe, Hepa3;i'fe;ieMoe^ jyxx, h ^to6u ohx 6hjix no 
paspymeniH xijia (bx no;iJi. „oh«^ 6ajiw"(?). 

BcflKoe cocTOflHie BemecTBa ecxecTBeHHo npe;^onpeAiJiaeTca 
€ro ^pe;^I^e;^I^HM•L cocxoaHieMX, Cesx KOioparo nocjiij^yromee He 
HM^jio 611 npn^HHBi Bi CBoeuy 6uxiH). npej[[pom;i;eHHoe cocxoflHie 
^ejiOB^Ba onpej[,'kMJio ero cocxoflHie b'b ^shshh, a a^HBHeHHoe 
ero cocxoflHie onpe;^'fejiaexx, ixo ohx 6y;i;ex'B no cMepxH. JIft 
sanaxia ^ejoB^Kt — ciMs, Koero onpe;i;ijieHie — paBBepseHie; a 
:sH8Hb upiyroxoBJifl;ia pacnjiOHceeie n paspymeEie. Kor^a ainsHb 
npefi;iex'B, no^TO Me^xaxb, hxo OHa Moatexi npo^JiHXbca ^)? ^e- 
jroB^K^ BHmejiT* hbx ctMeHH, H cocxaBT> ero paactMeHnxca no 
cjioffieniK) cocxaBJiaromHX'b ero cxnxifi. Ho cnpaBe;^Jl^HBOCTH mo- 
se^eii'B 3aBJ[K)?iixb bsi cocTOflHia HejoB^Ba ji.o Hanaxifl slhshh o 
cocTOflHin no CKOBqaniH ea. ^ejiOB'lbBx ne uM'lex'b BocnoMEHaniH 
xoM'b, Hxo OHx ate cyn^ecxBOsaJix B'b ctMeHn; onx ne MOJKexb 
HM'^Tb no CMepxH BOcnoMHEania o tomx, hid 6uai> B'b skhbeix'b. 

EoHeqHuS bhbo;^^ m 3aRJiK)qeHie axoro A<2iHUHaro MOHOJiora: 



400. Spem ponant ayidi; solliciti metnm. 
Quaeris quo jaceas post obitum loco? 

Quo non nata jacent. 

9to COOTBiTCTByOTX y Eepunuda: to jitq yevio^at x(p d'ocvslv Iqg^ Xiya) (AHji;po- 
Biaxa B'B «TpoflHKaxx», v. 63. 1). Y Ifuuepona^ De Pinibus, 1, 15, Torciuatus: 
^na (morte) €[ui affecti sunt, in eadem causa sunt, gna antequam iiati. 

Bibliotlieca classica latino, give Oollectio atLctornm classicorum latino- 
rum cum notis et indieibus (N. £.Lemaire\ Omnia opera quae vulgo exstant 
sub nomine X. A. Senecae, pars. Ill sive opera tragica. y o lumen II, Far isiis, 1832^ 
p. 273 H274. 

') Cip. 191. 



— 144 — 

^HTaKX, CMepTHHfi! OCTHBS nycTyK) Me^iy, qxo tbi ecxs 
ydrbAhi^) Bo»ecTBa. 

Th 6hji'b Hy;RHoe jiJiz seMJiE sBJieHie BCJi%;ccTBie saKOHOB:^ 
npeiB'lHHux'B. KoH^BHa tboa np^cn'i^jia, hhtb Anefi npepeajiacfl^ 
CKOHiajoca ;i;ja xeCa BpeMs h nacTaJia Bi^HOCiL!" 

PajiHmeBi o^pyniHBaeTca Ha cBoero BOofipaataeMaro cobo- 
npocBHKa BceK) chjio9 CBoefi ^HyBCTBHiejiBHOCTH": „0 th, ;^o- 
CQA^ rjiacoM'B MOUMz B'j^in.aBinifi, THpani jiiOTifimifi, Bapsapx Be- 
ncTOBEifi, xjiajuHOEpoBHufi qejOBtBOHeHaBH;(eii;'B, HSMCEaTejiLHie 
naqe Bcbxt My^HTejiefi Ha Tepsanie". JKecTOKOCibio h SBtpcx- 
BOMX OHX npeBuraaeT'B Tueepin, Hepoua^ EaAuiyAy, Bcfext jcpes- 
Huxx H HOBEixx xepsaiejiefi qeJOBiiqecTBa ^). MoryniecTBo lixt 
npocTHpajiocB na MrHOBenie h He sarpa^jrajio 3a jrhshb. Bceny, 
TepaauiK), ton^^ESLWb^ nsrHaniH), saTO^eniH) ecxB npe^'^^Jix: e;(Ba 
j[yxx ffiiiSHeHHHfi HSJceiHTi HBi yflSBJieHHaro n BSMomAenBara 

T^Jia, KaK'B yTHieTHTCfl BCfl BJaCTfc H CHJa THpaHHOBl. KoHei^i 

;i;Hefi Hec^acxnaro ecib npejiijn 3Jio6i My^Hxejefi h BapBapcxey 
ocMianie. Ho xh (x. e. (J)hjioco(J)'b, oxpHn;aH)mifi 6e3CMepxie)y 
npocxnpaa ajVHOxepsaxeJiBHyK) xboh) ;^ecHni^y sa KOH^nny mobxi 
AHefi, JiHmaemB ifeHfl ne MrnoBenHaro 6wia»teHCXBa, ne csoponpe- 
xeKaion^aro h fipcHHaro pa:iOBaHiH. HoAaBjaiomafl Mena XBoa pysa 
xaaRejiie rnexexx yBaj^aiomee cep^i^e, neatejiH cbhhci^'l, sjiaxo h 
HyryHx. ffiecxoKOcep;[Hfl, xh noramaemii eAHHCXBeHHHfi jy^i* na- 
]i.emm jiJLSi 3JrocHacxHoJl v^um. Th orpafijiaemB JiHmeHHaro yxixt 
Ha BeidJit — Haj^'bania BOspoAHXBca na pa^^ocxB n na BOSAaanie 
lofipoAixeJiH. YatejiH CoKpamz n ero ronaxejiH ocyaK;^eHH na paB- 
HyK) yqacxL? ^YatejiB HnqxoatecxBO ecxB ;Rpe6ift Bcixx ;co6po- 
Aixe-iBHHX'B H BJOc^acxHHX'L!" B0CKJiHn;aeTx Paj^ameBx, o^eBH- 
AHO, HMia Bx BH;^y H caMoro ce6a. Oxsyw xBoe AepsHOBenie, 
TBoa BjacxB, Becejiie, paspymaio^ee noKoH moH. ^Hje He B%;^a- 



Cip. 192. 



— 145 — 

em, ^t5 MoaeTx omaflHie HejiOBisa, JHmeHHaro ceMeficxBa, xpy* 
seSHBCflRifl yT'bxB^ (Basi cani BsrsaHHEifi asTopi TpasTaxa) ^). 
Owb yrposaeTi CBoesiy npoTHBHBsy CTpanxHiijcL Mn^eHieM'B: 
„He cspoioTi Te6fl otx Kapaioi^ifl pyBH hb BepTenfi, hb jiics^ 
;[peMyqie, HanycTHHB!" Mmenie npecjii^^yexx leCa, HacxBraeTx, 
HSToprneT'L hs'b cepAi^a xBoero 6oJiie eaMsifl sbshh. j^Sl mhcjib 
;iaxe bl Te6'b npexpy eaAesAU Cy^y^aro, b B^qnocTb OTJieTBT'^ 
—HO HTO ycn'&io a? THrpx, th ea HeiaemL!" Canaa cipani- 
Baa yrposa cb tohbb spiaia Pa^Bi^eBa — He EwkeT'h CMucJia js^jia 
MaiepiajiBCTa; ne B^pa^aro bi CescMepxie Aymn. 



') liip. 194. 

10 



K H H r a m. 

JlfiCBAij B03J[H)6j[eHHUe MOB, fl co60paj['B, rOBOpHTl PaAH- 

mfiBi>j B&k BOSMOsHue H ynoTpe6BTejBHMe aoboau, yTBeps^^aio- 
n^ie CMepTHocTb AyniH h ciapajicfl hmx aatl BOSMOSHyio achoctb, 
nocTaBHTB jLX'h BO Bccfi 6jiBCTaTeJbH0CTn n npejiecTHOCTH, ^ladti 
flBH'be 6ujia, hxx cja6afl CTopona^ ecjm ona ecTb. Tenepb bos- 
BpaxHMCfl H co6epeMi Bce, hto mosho naBTu Ha noAKptojeflie 
npoTHBHaro MH'i^Hifl. HCTHHa, HenpeJosHuH opran'B BceBnm- 
Hflro, cnycTB Ha 6jy2B;i[aH)n^aro BOMH^Hiflxi xota e^nnHfi ijvh 
npoAB'bHHaro TBoero CB'&Ta, ^a OTjexHT'b oti iienfl ^jya^^^enie, h 
xefia Aa yspio! ^). 

oKeJiaiomeMy pasMumjATb o CMepTHocTH b 6e3CMepTiH mo- 
SLHO nocoBliOBaTb 6uBaTb qacTO npn o^pi yMBpaion^BX'b: ohi 
Mori 6u nosHaBaiB, ^t6 ecTb cicepTb. A eto caMX naxoAHJCfl 
Bi npoAABepiB B'&gHOCTB, BM'i^fl nojHbifi pa3cyA0Bx, totx Mosen 
conpoBOSj^axb cbob pascysAenifl BHyTpeHHBicB HyBCTBOBaHieMi, 
KOTopoe Bi sacaioii^eMCJf ^o sbbhb b CMepxB 6e3o6MaHqHB'6e pa- 
syMa. ToTi se, bto ee ee npeA^yBCTBOBajix hbbojb, Cyxeri 
TOJiBBO BBbiCBBBaTb ^OBaBaiejibCTBa ][,JLSi y6%s;KeHifl xpyrnxi n 

TOM'S, B'b qOMX CaM'b tfllJ'b y6'baiA6H'L TOJbBO BaCJUmBOH). H 

BcerAa Ch BejflqafimBM'b yj^OBOJibCTBieMi ') HBTajix paBMnnueeui 



*) Crp 6. 
>)CTp. 7. 



— 147 — 

€TOfln;ixi» Ha BOGspaiH rpo6a^ aa nopori Bftuocrn, a noiepaajn 
MHOFoe, Hero n xpyroMi M'beTt He aaxo^ui, xoneiHo, se vh 
fioo6pasefi]iKX'B CHxyaiMxx'By a bi hctbbhhx'b TaaoBiixi hojeo- 
seniflX'B. EABHOCMBia IhMJiema UJeKecnupoea uSamona j Ad^ 
ducoua npeKi>aoHii, bo oabbi b% emx'b nopoB!E,— ^BUMUHueHii. 

nocTopoHHifl (afieBu) uomer'h sonpocHTb, eaiijicTBie mo* 
ero co6eTBe^Baro nojojiceBiJi: xasoe npaso hm^ a roaopHTB o 

oiepTH qejoB'bBa? Bonpocx ae JtHmaift! h b cmj CBasy Ho, 

Apy8i»fl mob, bu JWMTe 8a MeHB OTvkt% nocTopoHHeMy ^). 

Qto ecTii cMepTi>? EcTecTBeBHaa nepeMd^aa cocTOBHifl, bo- 
Topofi npH^acTBU He oxbb jiboab: cuepTB bb seMJii o^eMJueTi 
Bcio SHSHeflByH) H He«HdfleHHyfo ecrecTBeflHOOTB. SBaMesie ob 
Wfh paspymeBie. Ho bha^ ea yrpK>MuS TepaeTca npeji'B BEjsjowb 

SHSBH. 

Mh HBBBaJiH CMepTB OepOM'^EOIO. PaBCMOrpHMl, ht6 eCTB 

nepeH'^sa Boo6mfi. 

Ben^B nepeMftHBeroB, Borjia bs'b AByx'B npoTHBonojoaBHuxs 
onpeA^eaifl oaho wb neft aepecTaer'B, Apyroe Ha^HBaex'B 6uTh 
AtftcTBHiejiBHUM'B (leMHO, CB^TJo). UerpeMtBa Bootio^e ecT^ iipe- 
xosA6Hie 0X1 oAHoro npoTBBQuojosHaro onpe^tjieBifl Beimi z% 
ApyroMy. Hai mecTBiB npspoAUBBCTByerXy htobo BC&xmepeMt- 
Haxx Me;BAy npoTBBonojioaBHOCTflMH ecTB Bcer/ia nocpe^CTBO, co- 
CTOBHie cpem ^), npojfOJBseHie nepaaro coctobhIb h nocxeneH- 
Hoe HBM'bHeHie Ben^B; hpoxhbobojiob&bo^ xe ecxB iipoAOJseHie 
cpe^HBro cocxoBHiB. By^ymee cocxoflHie Beam y»e BaiBHaexi 
cym,ecxB0BaTB bx Hacxofln^eMi. UpoxBBonojOB&BUB cocto^hib 
cyxB HeMB^yeMHB cjiiA^^XBia o^bo xpyroro. ^yscxBeHHO mob^ho 
ce6'b npeAOxaBBXB bxo hoa'b bhaom*^ soJiooCpasHaro ^BBBsepiB, 
soxopoe ocxaHaBjBBaexcfl na M'j^cxi caoero na^ajia. Mesxy toh- 



^) Cfp. 8. 3Ateb PaAHixieBi HHteTi bibhat cHepib cBoeft nepBoil seau. 
») Cxp. 10. 

10* 



— 148 — 
KOK) Ha^aja h to^bok) ocTaHOBXH (npoTnBonoJiosHiiM'B coctoa- 

Hieill) eCTb CTOJIBBO COCTOflHifi, CKOJEBBO Bl ORpyXHOCTH TO^eSl. 

Eor^a ^BBsenie na^ajiocB^ to desi npeaaTCTBifl oco6oft chjih 
ABEmenie npo;(OJiSHTCfl ^o nocj'&ABefi to^bb; cj'bjtoBaTejiBflo, 
uocjiimsia. ecTB npoBSBeAeeie nepBOft. ^pyrofi npBMipx. Jlftqo 
nocpe;(CTBOH'B HacB»eBifl mosct'b osbbotbopbtbca b 6uTh nxn- 

Jlfi¥>. Mh He COMB'&BaearCfl; HTO B'B alini I]^HIIJieHOB'B, xotb ohi 

B He BB^ceH'B. EcjB npeci'&jitOBaTB npexom^tenie b e2Ee;i[HeBH0 
Ha6juo;[aTB, to yBBXBBfB nocTenenHoe npBpan^eHie, nosa npesi 
21 AeHB cosp^BX Ha BcmecTsie, ohx ne nposjioHeT'B CBopjiyny 
B He BOCBJiBKHeT'B, BBJiCfl npe^Ji^B CosAaBBiBM'B^ aEB 6u: „ce asi 
Ba npocjaBJEenie TBoe!^ Crojibbo cocTOHHifi nponuo afii^o! b 
Bd OHB BenpepiiBHBr, beixoabti xpyrB bbi Apyra ecTecTBesHo; 
TaEOBO ecTB Tenenie cbjei ecTecTseHHUxi, hto e^BHOssAH npiuB'B 
Ha^ajo, OB'i A^flCTByioT'B HenpecTaHHO b npoBSBo^cBT'B nepeMlHB 
nocTeneHHEia, BOTopBta CTaflOBflTca bb;ibmh tojbbo no BpeneHB. 
Hb^to He npoBCxoABTx CBOBOifB, roBopHT^ leUCnuuz ^). 

Bee nepeM%BflK)n^eecfl ji,ojisEiEO bm^tb CBJiy jrfeficTBOBaTB bib 
cnoco6HOCTB cTpa;(aTB; AMcTBya hjtb cTpa;(aB, oho cTaHOBBTCfl se 
TO, ^t6 Cbtjio, b HenpeH'i^HHEiM'B (t. e. neBSM'lHflion^BMCB) He mo- 
acer'BtiiiTB bb na MrnoBenie. H nro bjb bto uomeT'h BOcnBTBTB 
cxpeMJieHiK) nepeM'&Hii? Passi Totx, Eto laJi'B npepoA^ CBjy, 
XBBseHie, asBBBB. EaTBTCB BpeMJi fiesnpepuBHO, ycTajiocTE He 
BHaerB, m^eTi rpa^yni^ee bo m^]i,i> apeTesmeMy, b Bce nepeiiib- 
Hflion^eecfl flBJiaeTCfl Haiix bx BOBBifi oCpaBX ofijEeneBHO. aOBfbpa 
xeneBifl, mecTBifl npeuiBi> b sbsbb! o Bpeicfl, noiieAJB, noiie- 
j^jnil^ Ce CespascyAHoe sejianie mhofhxx, BHBMaion^BX'B rjiacy 
etpacTefi. Ho BpeMS, bo BHenJifl rjiarojiy 6e3yMifl, TeneTx. HejiBSB 
ce6i^ npejtcxaBBTB hb e^^BHaro MrnoBeHifl OT^^JieHBO. b B^rB 
jlBj^h MFBOBeBifi, BOBX'B npe^^j'B BOABO 6u osBaMeBOBBTB. He 



») Ctp. 12. 



— 149 — 

vh cjrbj^i, TOKyTi ohh o;?eo ipyrony, ho xpj^'h hs'b xpyra 
poswioTCfl, H Bcb hm'6k>tx e;(HHiift otfn^ifi npe^ti^Jix. Hasiia- 
iiUmee iirHOBeHie moxho pasA'&JiHTB Ha ^acTH, ROTopua Bci 
SyAyTi npHqacTHEi CBOftCTBy BpeMeHH, h h'&T'b j^Byxi MrHOBenifl, 
rxi 6h TpeTie nenhSB Cujio BOsrH'bsAHTB. Bpenfl ecTB icJbpa 
jtiflHiio; BHaqHTi, h%ti> AByxi cocTOflHift Beii](H, nesAy botopbimh 
flejibSfl 6uM 6u Boo6pa8HTb xpeTse, hjih nasHaqHTB npe^'iJi'B, 
h6o e;i6a oaho cocTovHie csoHHaJiocji, ^pyroe y»e cyn^ecTByerB. 
Cie uiecTBie ctojib cr&CHeHHO, ctojb HepaspuBHo, ?to meicjib 
sama uo^Reri tojibko hath bo ciin 3a hbmb, a ho o;[E[HaKOBOK> 
BucoTOK). 6oo6pa3HM'B ee6i MFHOBenie h cocTOBHie Beu^H wh 
HCMi: Basi OHO yiRe npcTesJio,--H mk yse bx APyroMi mfho- 
Beniff, H Ben^B yace He b'b TOifB coCTOflHia ^). 

npHJOSHifB dTO noBfliie nepeiiiHEi k'b CMepTHOCTH qejio- 

FJ^Ka. JEhSHB H CMepTB COCTOflHlfl npOTHBOnOJIOHCHBlB, a yifH- 

panie — cpejioBoe, npesi. Koxopoe asHSHB CBOH^aBaercB, h fiuBaer'B 
CMepTB. Bo BpeMeHH HiTx H He fiHBaeTx 0T;i'6jieHia; a b'b co- 
CTOHHiflXB Ben^H B^Ti cyn^ecTBeHHafo pa3;^jieHifl: Bor;ia j^BH^Kenie 
HanasocB, TO nenpepHBHo ecTb, jiokoj!* He CKOHTOeTca. Ecjih 
nepeMtna ecTb npexomAenie bbx o;^HO^o cocTOflnia bx npoTH- 
BonojoatHoe qpesB cpejinee, to acHSHb k cMepTB, KaKB npoTHBO- 
nojioatHOCTH, cyxB cjiiicTBia o;^Ha ;^py^ofi: mosho caasaTB, hto, 
Korj3(a npnpoTO ^ejOB'feKa ^poH3Bo;^BT^, ona eny yate totobhtx 
CMepTB. CMepTB eCTB cjiiiCTBie HeMHHyeMoe — »h3hh. Ecjih 6h 
Mu HM^JEH Ben^axB HyTpospHTejBHua noBHania, to 8Ta BejTBBaa 
nepeM'bna mnsHH h CMepTH bb o^^ymeB-ieHHOMB RasajiacB 6Er naM'B 
uenie OT^'fajratomeioca, neasejiH ot^i*]^ jrenia ahb oti hohb, KOTopna 
cymecTByioTx jHmb noTOMy, ^TOHeMoaeMiHM'Bnpecji'fejtoBaTB. Ho 
nofij^eMi no noBepxHOCTH seMJiH sxsana^^y co cEopocTBK),paBHofi Bpa* 



») Cip. 15. 



— 150 — 

njceeiK) seMJiH, iiii cyiK^ CyAeHi b% bojtjkh^ h BOSBpaTRMCfl h& 
CTapoe M'JbCTO cmaTb b'b noAAeeb. H^tb btoto npHH'j^pa mu be- 
SSLM'bj TFO nepeirbftu tojebko ^JUi saci cTo^rB oTjiijieHHBi b^ 
CBOHxi npexos;(eHiflxrb, a He no cyn^ecTBy BemH. 

HvaiTB, ne ^espaseyxHii jih Hams CTeHanifl h bohji* npflr 
yMHpanifl ^ejiosisa, ecJiH mei SHaeM'B, h ecjH yB^peHii, hto 
poAHBiQBCB exBeott^u, yifepeTB eMy Jto^acHO ^)? Cbojb cnpaBex- 
jLWB'be 6uM0 H'^Bor^a otfoKHOBeHie pu^aTB nps posioniH HJia- 
xeHua, no cnepTH xse paxoBaTncfl h pascTanie cb yMepniHMH 
npenpoBoa&AaTB bi aapfliecTBax'B. Kor^a H^yMOJiBMafl ciiepTB 
npocTpeTi Ha ^ejio Moe icpasBoe CBoe aoBpBiBa.)io, n yspHre 
MOHfl tfeBAiixaHHa, ne nJEa^BTe, o B08JK>6jieHHuie moh, ho n jaiBiet 
IIoMBicjHTe, ^T0 CMepTB yroTOBana npH poatAecTB'b; 6n/bwie yro* 
TOBjfleT'B coHi, a coHx — ^A'^Hie: no^TO ne mbicjhtb, ?to choptb, 
yroTOBaHHafl shshbio, yroTOBjflex'B nasH shshb? Ctojb bi Mip't 
Bce HenpepuBHo! BOBJEioCjeHHue moh, cMepiB tiyAex'B boboi^x 
CKop6H H lepsaHiK): HCToprHyxEifi (?) ot'b Bra npej^pascyABOBii^ 
noMHHTe) qxo 6'6^CTBie He ecxB yse »pe6i& yuepmaro. 

Jl^yuia H x'bjo x^cho CBBsaHBr ^pyri cb xpyroicB; BipoflXHO^ 
CMepxB (cBOHHaHie sbshh) paBHO Racaexca xoro h ^pyroro: 
CMepxhH) HSM^Hflexcfl T^JiOj Aa, naffo xyiiaxB, h Ayma. A xass 
saKi Ayma, oxxopseHBafl oxi x'&ia, He 6y;^ex'B nojniJieaKaxB na- 
mHMi qyBCXBaM'B, xo eABHHM^B paBcyABOM'B nocxnraxB moxho, 
qx6 e& nocjid^Ayexi no ox^'b^eHie oxx xijia. 

Ohuxu noxasiiBaioxnb bo bc^xi opraHHHecsex'B x'kiax'B 
xpe cocxoflHia 6fdTia: 1) poofcdeuie h otcmuhy — Ror^a xtjio na^ 
qH&aexi noA-^esaxB HyscxBaMi, 2) cMepnth^ Borjia ^yscxBa ne on^yota' 
K)xx Bx x'j^j'fi opraHHqecsHxi ABBTBeHifi, b 3) paapffmeniej corHHxie, 

BOrj^a H8lliHflH)XCfl BHAX B 06pa3'B B BCqe8aH)Xl OXX nOHBTlfl 
HyBCXB'B. Ho 9TE COCXOBHifl XOJTBBO AASi HyBCXBX OXA'^^teHHEI, a 



*) Ctp. 17. 



— 151 — 

vh eeTecTBeBHocTH saacAoe ecTB jibhib smho HenpepuBHofi n,^iin 

nepeifte'L, t. e. nocTeneEHna pasBepseeifl oahoA h toS me 

BeiQH H o6ieTOHifl ea bi Bec«ieTHiie bhak h asjieHiji. SIhshb, h 

CMepTB, H paspymeHie cjtb tojbro cys/ieHifl HamBX'B qyBCXFb 

nepeiiiHaxi Ben^ecTBeHHiix'B, a ne cocToaHia caMH no cefii. 

Ge nepBiit jryni Haxe»AH, o B03JiK>6jieHHiie ^)! Ilo paspymeHifl 

rkjLfi ero CTCTaBHEidi ^acra onoAflT'B sx cbokh'b Ha^aJIall^, He 

nepecTasafl ;t'&&CTBOBaTB h CTpa;iaTB, b6o Henc^^HyrB. Bca^x- 

CTBie BumecBasaHBaro (cTp. 147), hu a<^j3Bhei npHSHaTB Meacjiy 

fiiiTia H He5«iTifl noepeKTBO. IlTaR%, nocii 6nTifl neGuTie cyn^ecTBO- 

BaTb HeMoseTX, » npnpoAa ae MonceTi hh jiaTB 6iiTifl, hh ofipaxaTB 

Befi^b Bii He6iiTie ^). jl^yioa, HaxoffAinajiiCH Bnb licHMmeMi coiost ch 

TijiOMii, cjiij^Y^iTh BC-bHi QepeH'&BaM^, CJty^iaioniiBMCfl CB T']^JLOMx; 

yMperB jih ana c% T'bjiowb, h ecTB ib na cie bobmoshoctb? By^e 

(m& AOJiffiHa yHepeTb, to 1) bjeh BApyr'B nepecTaayxi Bci ea 

jiC&ftCTBifl H CTpa;ta&ifl, h OHa HsqeBHeTx bi o^ho urHOBenie, 

MB 2) OHa, saK'B T^jio, noABepaceHHoe Tuca^'j^ nepeii'faHi, hc* 

miraeT'B pasHsna o6pa30BaHia, — h dy^ieT'B anoxa, Bor;i;a ;^yma b'B 

CHjy HSM^HeHlfi (5y/ieTx 6ojL'&eysReHeAynia, h hoaoOho T'i^Jiy, pas- 

jtjraaca na tocth, npetieTX ex ;^py^ia cjoacenia. Tperie, no- 

BHAHMOMy, HeB03Mo?RH0, b6o opHpoj^a HB^ero ^e yHdHToacaeT'B: 

ffefisiTie HJI0 yHH^TOJReHie ecTb HaapacHoe cjobo h nycTaa 

MBICJIb. 

06e3noEoeHHue bi HeBosHoacHOCTn He6HTia, mu pascMOT- 
pHHik B^poaxHOCTb pa3pymeHifl ;iyniH. 

EcjH Aynia CHBaeix no;iBep7KeHa BcfeMi nepeM'fenaM'B, ko- 
TopBiM'b ^o;^BepmeHO lijio, to xepaa noMajy Bct chjh, OHa pac- 
naaexca. Ho Korja HMieTt Chtb 8to MrHOBenie? PasB-fe tofm 



') Cip. 19. 
*) Cip. 20. 



162 



Ayina Bs^esaeTi, Kor^a ona He nysHa 6ojL'ke T^jy ex ero hc- 
flopTHBQiHMHCfl opraHaiiH? Ho T'bjo He Hsqesaexi: oho yMHpaerB 
H pacnaAaeTCfl na tocth. ^to ace fiy^texx ex jtymoio? Opyjii 
ea HyBCTBOBanifl h mucjib pa^pymnJiHeB h eft ne npHHajt^ieacaxi; 
HO seyacejiH Bce bx neS onyexieTx, h ne oexanexea cji^^^a otx 
Bcixx Mucjiefi, BOoOpameHifl, expaexefl h x. a.? HenosHo eero 
;(yMaxL: h6o axo Oujo 611 ea yHeqxoiReHieMx ^). Ho xasx nasx 
i^fljiu npepoAHUH (cp. exp. 151) He BOSMoraioxx ea ynaqTone- 
Hie, xo ;tyma npefiy^exx HaBeer^a HepaspymHMa. H noRexHei 
Rasx ee6^ npe^exaBaxb npeofipaBOBanie ?aexeM Ayme {noAatcui^ 
Hxo OH'b eyxb)? ?aexH x^bja pas^i^bjiflioxefl na exHxin, no npexi 
Moryxx 6uTh scmm, pacxenie (bo cnijih »HB0XH0My, Roxopoe — bo 
CR'k][,b ^ejOB^Ry). ^ejiOB'^Kx Moasexx qpesx HtoROJiBso j'^tx nac- 
tIh) cyniecxBOBaxL bx ApyroMx qe^OB'lRd^. Ho RaROBu cxHxie bi 
•Hacxflxx jnynTB, h Ryj^a npefi;iyxx cm exaxie? HxaRx ;(yuia bo 
B^RH He paBpymnxefl h dy^exx cyu^eexBOBaxB bo b'J^rh. TaRoe 
npexos^eHie ne MOSRexx oenoBEiBaxBOfl hh bx cyn^eexB'Jk eAH- 
Hfiifl Bemcr, HE bx cyn^ecxB'fa ejioiRenHuxx. A 6yAexx jh ona expa- 
Aaxb H A'i^fiexBOBaxB, x. e. MUCJtHXb, acejaxb b qyBOXBOBaxB? Ho 
saRx efi^ ox^c^JteHHolt oxx x'bjia h jmmeHHofi noxpedHuxx opy- 
Aitij ^yBOXBOBaxB h uucjimh? Ecjib aae ^ynia HenpBqaexea yHB- 
^xomeHiH), xo iiucjb ocxaHexca ex Heio, RaRx h 6uxie: Bc^Roe 
BemecxBO A^ftcxByexx BCJitACXBie cbohxx eajix; HeyatejiH o;jHa 
;^yma 6y;iexx ohjix jHrnena h ^aro uepBodLiXHaa BeiAeexBeHHoexB 
(Maxepifl) HeABHSKHMa h He;itflcxByflM^? 

Ohhxx y^Hxx nacXj ^xo mu 6e8x qyBcxBeHHOcxH ne momh 
^u BM'j^XB noHflxifi. HoRaRieaie onuxH nu'keuit ^u AJia saRjio^e- 
nia ^), qxo Aynia 6e3x xijia Cy^exx jiBmena qyBCXBOBaHia h 
liHOJin? HBRaRHXx! Mu exanoMx nenpaBBJiBHO oxpHii;axB cBJiy bx 



») Cip. 22. 

') Cip. 25. 



— 153 — 

npepojii noTOMv tojibko, ^to ona naxi HeHSB'fecTHa, RaK'B tru* 
rejLh ErHHTa, bej^sl Hmx, saRJifo^iRji 5ci, ^to HeBOSMoasHO no- 
BepxHOCTH BOiiii TBepA'^Tb. 6e8MiicjiiB AyoiE 6edi> rbjLBL mu 
3aiLiK)H0M'B cxoACTBeHHO noHflTill nainiixx, uoqepneyTEixi bi 
onuTHOCTH; BO HCTHRHOCTb 3aKJii04eHiH Ta jRe, mt6 h y erfln* 

TflHHHa. 

EcJH H31 BiimenHcaHHaro seJibBfl emfi ex yB^peaieM'B sa* 
Kifo^HTb, HTO Ayma (JescMepTna, to am ji)o6am,jix'b ]t,o6pojii- 
xejB Morjo Bi> j^oBOAaxi Hafirncb mo -j[h6o y6'6;(HTej[BHoe. Ho 
BospaseHifl, ponHBiniflCfl mj> caMEXx aoboaobx, Moryii 6bitb 
comeHu AORasaTeJCLCTBaMH npoTHBaaro MH'ibHifl, ecJiH 0x1 ocxaBBTb 
desx OTB'bTa. Ecjih 6u 6£i;!ao;(HaB03MosHOCTb, ^xoAynia ecTbse* 
n^ecTBO caMO no ce6% to y6'6xAeHie noc;i'b;tOBajio 6ei o^eBHA- 
Hoe. Ho ocflsaTejibHKiM'B 6LiTb spnTCfl n ciojib me B'IpoflTBbiMTi, 
^T0 Ayma (hjb MhicjieBBoe cynieciBo) eexb cboSctbo BcsycHO 
cjioiseHHaro xtjia, no;(o6Ho SApaBiio bjib ^hshh. 3to BOBpaaceeie 
Tpeeyerii npHjieatniflniaro pascMOTpinia ^). 

B-b cjiomeBHOM'b MH o6p'6TaeM'b, 1) ?to Ben^n, HaxojtBBoiiflCfl 
Bi> H']bBOTopoMi> oTAajeaiE, co6j[H3iiTCfl, H 2) qio BeiqB, npesie pa3- 
jl'i^jieHBUfl, coo6a^aK)TCfl n cocTaBJiflH)T'b cofosi, nisoe q'l^jioe. Hsx 
dToro conpfl?KeBifl pasAaeicfl: 1) H'^^soTopHif nopaAORx b% o6pa3'6 
CJOiKeHia cocTHBHTejibHHx^ ^aCTeft, 2) chjiii ^) a AMcTBHxeJibBHX'b 
TOCTeil qpesx to HBMiaaroxca — to npenanaeMH, to cnocnimecTBy- 
eMu, HJiH nepeM'feHfleuEi bb nanpaBjeBiB cboomx. Ho aeBosMO^BO, 
4to6h B'i» n;'6jiocTH cjioateaaaro aBH.iacb uoeaH cu/ia^ ROTopofl 
aaqajio se aaxo^a^ocb 6u bb cocTaBBBixi qacTaxii. Ecjb 6bi 
BC^ Ha^ajia a qacTB Cujb 6e34McTByK)ni,a — bx CMepTHOMX no- 
K0% TO RaKx 6u axx cjiomeaie hb 6ujio acRycao n asaoi^BO, — 
OBd^ 6a BaBcer;ia npe6hiJiii MepTBBi b ae nponsaejia 6fii jiBvuRe- 
hIb, OTpaaceaia bjh RaRofi-JiEi6o cbjh. Cie nojio^Reaie xy;Re6b[j[o 



') Cip. 27. 

*) He^ocMOTpH pejt.: «cocTaBHTejibHOOTb Haciefli*.... «cwjn». 



— 154 — 

6u xaoca^^peBflaro, ecjie 6ujio fisi 6bitb eMj bosmosho; Hon^b Biq- 
Bafl 6mm ($11 efl conyTaai^ay h CMepTB cboSctbo nepBoe ^). 

OAHaso ;Be bi cjoxeBiH i^'&jraro npHifb^iaeTCfl 6jiarorjiacie 
Bin conacie, copasM^pHOCTb^ xota bi> ^acTaxi niri* bb tofo^ 
HE ;tpyraro. Hanp., o;(BBaROBafi sByRx He BMieTx 6jarorjradfl, 
a cjoaenie MHorax'B nepijiKO — HaHBejiej[4nH'6fimee. KaKaa copas- 
ii'&pHOCTB KJLu npaBfljBHOCTb 6X RHpiiBq'6, BaMB'i, Kvcs^ iipa- 
Hopa H M^AH? Ho BsrjflHH Ha xpaMi CB. Ilerpa b-b PHBcb, h& 
KaHTeoHx. Bjarorjacie, copasicipHocTB b see t. n. saa^axi eh* 
HTO HHoe, KaKi oTHomeEie pasHHxi ^yBCiBOBamfi MesAy co6oi> 
Bx Towh DopflAKi, KaRi OHH Haui npej[Jiemajin: ri^ chhx bohji- 
liaMX npHHaj^JteaKHTi cpaBneHie pasnnx'B nyBCTBOBaHift, ROTopiifl 
BOo6me cocTaBjaioTrB a'bjoe, ^acxflMx oco6eBHO He npsHa^jresa. 
Moriio JiH 611 poAHTBca 6j[arorj[acie, ecjin 6u Ras^tnS SByRi hb oc- 
TaBJiaJn no €66*6 BHe^aTiiHia? JI,McTBBTej[BHOCTB bx i^^jomx He 
Momex'B BospoAHTBca, eciH na^ajo ea He bx ^aciaxx Haxoj^HTca. 
HiaRx Bo BcaROMx CJio^KeHHOMx saM^HaiB HysHo: 1) nocji'&AO- 
lafiie H nopa^tORx vacTeif cocTaBBTejBHnxi bi npocTpaHCTBt e 
BpetfeHH, 2) conpaseHie HaqajiBHUxx chix h nopa^tORi, bx bo- 
TopoMx 0H'& aaiflK)Tca bx hxx cioseHiH ^). Ho HHRorjia bsx 
CJioseHia, RaRoe 6£i ona hb 6ujiOj CHJia BOspoiBTBca He MOser'B, 
Rasx, cicbmBBaa cvlekoo RpacRy ex JseJiTOK), hosrho jehoib nojiy* 
HHTL sejieHyK) (ROTopofi npBCHOcy[AH£[ cBHia H xejiTEia qacTH- 
i^£[), HO Be RpacHyH), qacTHi^n Roeif coBcbiix Apyroro cyu^e- 
eTBOBania. 

3aRJiH>^eBie hsx npeAxsj^yn^aror ecjB nama xyma (bih 
BHCJiaiuaa cBJia) ne ecTB nen^ecTBo no ce6i, ho CBoflcTBenHOCTB 
CJiOKeHia, to 1) ona npoBCxoAHix (ao;io6HO fijiarorjiaciK)) hsx 
oco6aro nojosenia b nopa;^Ra ^acxefi^ bjb 2) Ranx CBja cjto- 



*) Ctp 28. 
Cip. 30. 



155 



sMiHaro, Hirifoowi naTOJO bi» I'MctBHTaibHacTH ^acTeit qtjiaro. 
TpeTbflro, KaseTCfl, ee^BSfl MueJiHTb. 

Bjiarorjacie h copa3ir6pHOCTB oeaoeaHie ceoe HHi^ioT'L 
v% cpaBHefiie (sBysoErB h pasHuxx HenpaBRiBHcixi ^acreS), hCo 
He HU'&ion> HH OABHasoBse SByRn — tfjiarorjacifl, hh OTjcb^HEHfl 
vacTH — copasM^pHOCTH. Ho rjsfb bi> npepoj^b oho MoseT'B cyme- 
ctBOBaTL, KaKi He B^ jLjmi? ?to ecrh oeo, pasBii He A'i^ficTBie 
MUtxeBBua cnarH, h lAoa^en jih oho 6HrTb jAicTBie <rero ^py- 
roro? Hnric* eceirtpHo. 3ByBH cjiijyioTi oahhi sa ^ipyrHM^; 
BaMHH B'B CTpoeeiH, HM'bfi CiiTie OTA'i^jieBHoe, TOJibKO jresaxx 
OAHH'L BO'SJ[± xpyroro. Bjarorjacie h copasiribpHOCTb cytb npB- 
saAJieaHOCTH mhcjih, iK)HflTia OTBJie^eHHUJi q 6e8i mim^h He 
5ttjrH 6u npH^acTHu Chtik) ^). IlaHTeoH's 6nj'b 6u paseai HBany 
BeiBKOMy, ecjiH 6u ne 6uao pasyHsaro cymecTBa. B'b cpasHe* 
Bis no^epnaioT'b cBoe Ben^ecTBO h b'b mucjh SHByTi Rpacota, 

BSAD^BOCTb BCBKaJI, H caMafl AOCpOA^TeJb. 

IIpH^RHa, npoH3Be;(mafl Ben^b, He MOflsex'B 6uTh noHH%aeMa 
H3'b jtficTBia BemH, HJiH Bx HeMx cyn;ecTB0BaTb: npora- 
seHHafl T^Hb Henpospa^Haro t^jib, neecTb BHna cyn^ecTBOBaHiio 
rt.ia. Taici Bce, nrb ecTb jr-hftcTBie cpaBHenifl, HeecTb npn^BHa, 
OHoe npoH3Boj|flni,afl. Ecih HacBHCT'b CHerepfl hjth n'^caa Rana- 
pefiRH po;iHJiH BanapefiRy a cHernpH, to h copasifibpHocTb, no- 
fajLOKiyj EpacoTa cyTb caifH no ce6i;, a ne npoHSBeAenifl cpaB- 
Benin. EcjiHme cpaBHenie npeOTOJaraexij cyajieHie, anocjiijinee — 
pascyAORx h MHCJib, to bco, wb ecTb npoHSBeAenie cpaBHeBia, 

KOflieTl 6HTb TOJbBO Bl OJlHOfi MUCJIfln^efi CEJli. HTaRi BCe 

CMTBCHHoe, noROJiHRy Kiy cpaBHeniH) othochtca, CBoe na^ajio 
HM'beT'b B-b MEicjieHHoS CEJi'b. SacHifb B03M0KH0 JIH, ^ro6u 
HHCJieHHafl cuia, bcto^hhr^ cpaBHenifl, 6Eijra A'i^fiCTBie cauoft 



*) Cip. 32. 



^ 



— 156 — 

6e6fl, mo6u en i^'i^jiocTb, saBi bi darorjiaciH, cocToaJia hsi 
'^acTeft, JiesaiuBxi o^iea bh'6 Apyrofi ^)? 

Bee cie npe^nojiaraeT'L jifkicTBie mhcjh h ee uosievh npiaiB 
AMcTBHTejBHOCTb HBa^e, H^Bi'L ^pes'B Bee. TaR'B Rasi Bcasoe 
i^tjoe, cocTOfln^ee hsi qacTefi, npej^nojaraexi cpaBHeaie btbxi 
^acxeS, a cpaBHesie ecTB A^ficxBie MUCjeHHOfi cbjsii, to $my 
-cuAy u HeM3H npunuchteamh urMOMy^ cocmoHU^My uahHOcmei^ 
h6o axo Cujio 6u Bce paBHO, kslk% CBasaxB, hxo Ben^B npoHCxojWTi 
oxx CBoero coficxBeHHarq jifkticuBia. ^Hejtnocxb cia CTOJb se- 
jHsa, Hxo AajibH^iliuee o ceaii pacnjioseHie ee HBoe ^ixo, sas'B 
csyKy BBBJieHb Moatexx" ^). 

BmopoH H nocj'JkjiBflfl BosMoiBBOCTb^ Hxo xynia (bjih huc- 
un^ee cyiuecxBo) npoHCxeRaexi ox'b CJio^Resifl x^jiecBux'b op- 
raflOBX, cocxoHTi (cp. Bame, cxp. 154 — 155) Bt tom*b, hto oaaecTB 
ceja ujrH j^i^ficxBHxejibHOCTb CJioseBaaro. TaBOBaa HM^exi CBoe 
ocBOBaaie wh cHJiax'b cocxaBjsion^HX'B qacxefi, KaKx mapi 
MoHioAh^hepoBh He mofi 6u BOSBecxHca h CA^jaxb A^fiexBHxeJiB- 
HUMi xo, Hx5 e^Ba jh BosMOSflUMi noHBxajH^ ecjH 6u He 6hi'b 
HanoJiHeBx jerqafimHMi Ben^ecxBOMi, CAiJaa'b esi BenpoHHi^aeHoft 
xsaHH B X. ji. Ca.ia K'i^Jiaro hjih CJio^eBBaro npoHCxeKaex'b iai> 
;^'6ficxBBxejibB0CXH qacxeS ero. Cbju jRe qacxefi bjih cxo^cxBy- 
H>xi ci> CHJiOK) u'luiaro, bjb cb oboh) HecxojtcxBenBU. IIpHMipi 
CHJiu qacxeil, cxoACXByH)n^BX'b cb cbjok) i\']&Jiaro: CB^XHjbBHB'B, 
cnjuPxeBHBiil b3i> 10 CB'j^niefi, bb'bbobx'b sas^iafl BM'Jkex'B oco6yK) 
CBtxBjBBH). KaiBAafl CB'i^n^a Aaexi cb'^xi; bi coBOBynHocxH cb*!- 

TBJIbBHB'b AaeXl CB'i^X'B CBJIbH'lJBmifi, HO CBiiX'B npOHCXOJlHTl 

oxxoro, qxo Bas^afl CB'i^xHJBBfl ropaxi. Bx KyAu6uHCK0M6 per 
eep6eprb OABa laMnaAa ropHxi, h BAaBJieHnaa sa hbmi noeepx- 
Hocxb oxpaataexT. ea CB'fex'b; oaho cxeKJO hbx pcBepfiepa no ceCft ot- 



') Cip. 33. 
•) Ctp. 34. 



— 157 — 

paisaen, ho B&b BMicTi raRSRe f,dLiOT% CBtxi, n apqe. Ho mh^ 
pascyiKAaeM'B o cxoactbohhocth ca^i, a He o eejiHROCTa hxi ^)i 
CjiHxaja JiH poroeyH) erepcKyH) Mysusy, HSoGpixeHHyio ofiepi- 
erepMeficTepoHi HaputuKUHUMZ (cxo^^nyK) ci i^epROBHUMH opra— 
HaMH)? Kasj(Bifl pori npoHseoAHTi o^^hh^b seysi h nep'lxKO — 
BecbMa rpy6u3; ho xopT» Mosexx Hrpaib paanufl MysuKaJikHiifl 
coqHHeHifl. O^eHB 6jih3ko HaxoAflCb, cjEimHmB bicI^cto Cjarorja- 
cifl HecxpoflHue SBysa. Ho npn yAaieniH abho 6jiarorjiacie. 3xo- 
CJ[y2CBXT> npHM'bpoM'B, noBOJiHsy CHJia i^'i^jaro Mosexi necxo^cx- 
BOBaxb ci cn^aMH Hacxefl. Cie npaeHJio Mosexi hm^xb coxh*!- 
HUfl npnjio^ReHifl. 

BcjfiACXBie axoro: chjibi qacxefi, hsi bohxi npoHCXo^^HX'B - 
CHJia Hucjiflniafl, 1) cyxb ci neio cxo;(CXBeHH£ifl (x. e., BaK'B h 

OHa — CHJU MUCJieHHUfl), EJIH 2) OH'6 CB HefO fieCXO^CXByiOX'B 

(x. e. cyxB xpyroro cymecxsa h neMHCjenHBi) '). Tpexie nocpey-r 
cxBo Bamexcfl 6bixb neBOSMOSHo. Ho B^b^B Bcjaisoe i^'i^jioe npoec- 
xo^^HXi oxi cpaBHeHifl, oxi coo6pa»eHifl MBicjifliiiaro cyn^ecxBa^. 
H uomerb 6uxb jHmB b'b homi; ^acxa caHH no ce6i, chjbi ^a- 
cxeft — caMH na cefii, cymecxBya h ;^4acxBya b'b CBoeft ocofiea- 

HOCXH, ho BB CJIOSeHiH HBAf^HfliOXCfl H OrpaHH^HBaH)XCfl, coxpaHflfl 

H HanajiBHyK) cbok) CBoflcxBCHHOCXB. TaKi (bi XHicie) ;^ificxBie 
coJiH cpeAHefl He ecxB A'^flcxBie hh cojie sHCJiofi, bh cojih ajisajHr 
^ecROfi, HSB ROHXi OHa cocxaBJioHa; ho cojb saHMCXByexi cboS- 
cxBa 06'lHX'B cojiefi, oxm'Ihhhxi Apyr'B ox^B^pyra. HeB03M0SH0y. 
qxo6Bi CHja noBaa bi ix^jomi nponsom^a e;^HHCXBeHHO JiHmB 
oxx jifkicTBia BsaHMHaro cejh^ nacxnuxi. Ho ecjiH noBaa CHJia, 
oxJiHHHafl oxi qacxHUxi chjli, aojitubsl ($uxb. noHHMaeMa bi nfb^ 
joifB, xo HOJLTREO cyo^ecxBOBaxB MBicjiflii^ee cyn^ecxBO, Roxopoe 
cocxaBEJio onyH) hsi cooCpasenia ^acxHsixi tvuL%. YBejiH^HxejiB- 



*) Cip. 36. 
*) Crp. 38. 



— 158 — 

^oe CTesjio noRaaueaerB ocotfeHHuiiH cBHAio b sRenyio Kpaevy 
^% caHoiTB viTh cM'bineHiH, ho rjas'B spHrib sejreHocTB ^). 

HTaR's; noejiHKy ^poHCxoat;^eHie ckju i^ijiaro, Becxo;^CTBy- 
iomeff CL CHjaMH qacteS^ npe^^aoJiaraerB cpaBHenie, npe;tnoja- 
raromee onaTL-xaBH MHCJHmee cymecTBO, to c;i4;cyen>, ^to muc- 
JieHHa^ cnjia ne Moacex'L uponcTeicaTb m'b nacreB, He uu^Hyvajiii^ 
rasofl :Ee chjiei. Cnjia MHCJifln](as bx i^'j^jomx (cjioxeaHOMx) f^A- 
SREB, npoECTeEaxB H3i ^acTefi, o;tapeHHUxx pasHEiMH CBjraMH. 
^. e. H3i> MHCJflqHX'B me chjii. 

3to MH^Hie, HTO MucjieHHaa (a aoTOny h qyECTseHHafl) CHJa 
ecTL npoHSBeAenie cxo^ihuxi c^ neio ^aciefi, na nepsuft B^vjiwh 
B'ipoflTHO. Vl6o 1) pasjiH^HU npe6uBaH]fl HamE[xi> qyBCTBi (o^h 
BHj^flT'B, yiHE cjiHinaT'B H T. A-, ocflsanie pacnpocxepio no Bcei 
noBepXHOCTH xijia). 2) Bt> pyK* qyBCTByio 6ojib otx yasBiaK)- 
n^aro pyKy BpaatAeCnaro opyjiia; npn BKymemH acTB'L npiaTHOCTb 
Hxi qyBCTByjo B-B ropxaHH; JioCoBHoe ycJIaffi;^eHie nyBCTByeMO 
HaHua^ie b'l opranax'B, aa ;iaflHie masHu ycTpoeHHuxx ^). 3) Mh 
HyBCTByeMi, qxo mhcjil nama npefitiBaHie HMieTTi b-b roJioBt; 
onHXBi nosasEiBaEOT'B, qxo pascxpoeHHufi Mosrx pax^aex'L pascxpo- 
eHHHft paacy^oK'B. Mosrx ace ecxB cjiowHoe xijo, HM-feiomee ia- 
cxh: cji'fejtOBaxejibHo, h mbicjih Moryxx HaxojjHXBCH bx hcmx ^acxeo. 
OnBix'B yHHX'B, Hxo ^yBCTBie pacnpocxepio no bcSmx HjenaMi, 
a yMCXBonanie CKaatexi)^ hxo h mbicjib xaKate. Ho qx5 nyBCXByiOTi 
oxxaxEie pyBa, hocb? Bhjih npHMipa, ^xo h fiesx pyKH — pysa 
6HJia HyBCXByeMa. Mbi nacxo oCoHaeM'B ^ame xo, 1x5 oxjiaJieHHO. 
SasMypsB'B rjiasa, mh bhabm'b npe;^ii co6ok) ^npeACxoflii^ifi 
npedAOiz^ (x. e. ^pe;^Mex^). „Ox;rijieHHEift oxx Bacx, o bosjuoO- 
jeHHBie MOH, Ha i^ijyK) Vi OBpy»HOCXH seMHoro mapa, Korja 
saxony BacB bh^i'j^xb, BossoBy hsi BHyxpeHHOCxa MBicjieHHaro 



') Ctp. 40. Cp. Bume, ctp. 154. 
^ Cip. 41. 



— 1&9 — 

xpaBHJtHii^a o5pa8Ei saniH; a spio Bacs npeAi> co(Sok), 6eci][,jfO 
€1 saMH. npaejia, ce He^ia, bo rxj6oKO OHa bo mh4 Hacaa?;(eHa, 

H OTAajeHHUfl fl aiHBy cl BaMH* ^). 

PascyAHMi en^e h cie. Bi ^rytn'i Hameft hm'^otca Hec^eTHoe 
KOJEqecTBO noHfltifi, cuoHHOcrefi, cTpacTeft: vjifk oh']§ pascibflHU? 

MjIH HaXOAflTCfl paSjl'&JieHHH, HBHA TaM'L, BHUfl EHJt'b, BOcnpH- 

HyBi ejBHOJRAH H BBKor^a fle noBTopaeMu? Hjh »e Bci oh'6 
Bi eJ^HHyH) qacTB coCnpaioTca , conparaioTca h cotTaB.iiflH)rL 
CBflSb? HxaR^^ o;iBO esi jCByx's: 1) hjih Raac^ufi ^jreHii x'fejra 
HMierx CBJiy M£ic.iBii];yio, cji'lACTBeHHO, — bt> nejiOB'lRt ctojbko 
se MHCJifln^HX'B CHjri, cbojbro ^acTeS (bjih naTO cxHxiitHiix'B 
EaqajEx), hjth 2) oea octb e^Hna. Ecjn bth chiii MT!oroqHCJ[eHHu, 
H Ram^iafl flS'B BBXi ecTB coBepmeHHaa ;(yma, to bc^ bth pa3- 

« 

CiflHHBIfl ityniH He06x0ABM0 XOJSHU OTBOCHTB CBOE QOHflTlfl H 

HyBCTBOBaHifl bi ejiunj^ cpe^y, w6h Ji^jioe cocTaBMJOca *). 
HHa^e MBicJB He 6jjs,erh cjf&^oBaTb mucjth, hb saRJiOHeHie bsi 
nocsTjiORi: mei ne Momemi hb BOcnoMBnaTB, hh cpaBHHBaTB, he 
pascys^caTb. OTA'^^irbHua itoryTi 6uTh noHaxia^ ho He Bxo;ia he 
B% RaByH) CBaBB. ^ejoeiKi cero MrHOBenia He 6yj^eTx B'6;^aTB, 

TOTX JIH OHl, H'Sb GbTJI'B Sa O^HO MrHOBCHie. Oh*B HHHi He 6y- 

Aen* TOTx, <!t5 B^epa. Hiasx, AJa cocxaBJieHia nanieB e^EHCT- 
BeHHOCTE '), HysHo, hto6b[ Bi HacB dHJia eAEHaa MticjieHHaa CEJia, 
npuTOM^b HepasA^jEuaa, HenporasKeHHaa, HeEH'iiK)ni;aa qacreS. 
H6o, ecJin xora sanoAOspETB b% nefi ^acTn, to naRE BBrfi^eTi 
pasrjiacie nacTeft, TpefiyiomEXi esEHyio cpe^y, — e onaxB npH- 
xeTCfl npE6&*HyTB kb cooOpaasaioiaeMy (coeAHHfliaiueMy bo oae- 

ho) TO, HT5 VaCTH A^flCTByroTl), M£ICa[aTfB, HyBCTByi0fl. H 

1IT0 opeTETi HaMX HaaBatB dymeio BTOcyo^CTBO, cocTaBJiaion^ee 



>) Ctp. 42. 

*) Ctp. 43. 
») Ctp. 44. 



— 160 — 

Hamy oco6eHHOCTB, cie Moryn^ecTBO, coeflj/iE&ioin,ee bo ewnoj cie 
cyn^ecTBo, npocToe, HeciosHoe, H8B:&CTHoe HaMX tokmo sbshIh), 
HyecTBOBaHieMi^ mucjiIk)? 

TenepB 6oJite y^e Hejibsa coMB'^BaTbca bi tom'b, hto Ayma — 
cyn^ecTBO caMO do ce6:b, ouH^aeTCfl otx xijecHOCTH, ^aeTi ^(BHse- 
Hie, ;Kii8HB, HyacTBOBaHie, mhcjib. Oea npocxa, HenpoTaseHHa, 
Hepasj^tJHMa, cjoboicb — Ayma, OTM^HHaa on Ben^ecTBenHOCTH. 
XoTji Hxi B3anMHoe ;(tficTBie ^lOKasuBaeix cxojiCTBifl icesjiy 

HHMH, HO CHJIU OJKHOfi (BBBtCTHUfl Baifl) OTJIH^aiOTCA OTl CHil 

^ipyrofi. HasEiBaTb sue Aymy BeniecTBeHuocTBio — nanpacHoe 
CJOBO ^): Bemb caMa bx ce6i, to, qxb cocTaBjaeix mhcjb h 
oco6eBHOCTb saas^aro bsi Bacb, Hame BByipeBHee „H^ npe6y- 
^^exi BB MarflflTBaji, hb ajeRTpniecKafl, bb apBTfl;ReBifl CBja, 
a B'l^TO Apyroe. A xota Cei b'b BCxb^HBRt osa b 6ujib, cb bbhh 
ojiBHaROBay HO npoxo;ifl npesx cxojb BCRyccxBeBBiie opraHH ^e- 
jroB-iHecKaro xijia^ OBa BBJTBexcfl chjoh) jy^me Bcixi> cbjix. Ka- 
soBa sue OBa MOseT'b 6iixb, ycoBepmoBCXBOBaBniBCB b% x^JiecBocxH 
namefi, xo e;(Ba naMi noBBMaxB bosmosbo. Bo bcbrohi cjiy- 
^ai, qxo6Bi 6hjio noBBMaeifo npoxflseBsoe b ofipasoBaBBoe, 
Bcer^a bysleo Mucorfln^ee cymecxBo: noBBMaK)n^Qe npexmecTByexii 
noBBiiaeifOMy, BiucjieBBoe BAexi bo cJL'bji,i> ^AucAumfiUY- Eesi 
MUCJflBxaro cyniecxBa Be 6i;jo 6u bh Bacxoaniaro, bb npomex- 
maro, bb fiy^yu^aro, bu nocxenefiBOCXB, bb apoxojaReBifl: ,bc- 
Hesjio 6u Bpeiffl, npeciRJOCB 6u ABBa;eHie, xaocx Bospo^cHJiei 
6ii Bexxifi, B nasB 6u aacxa^a BtHBOCXB* '). 

^ifl HBiyn^ro BCTBBy aejiBi^eiiipHO, saRjio^aerb PaABnieBi, 
AORasaiejiBCifia o 6e3CiiepxiB jiyuiB Moryxx pacnjiosaxBCfl bo 
M^pi sejiaBifl ero nosBaxB cie xasBCTBo: obb pasc&flHEi sesjt'b, 
BCB npspo^a CBBAtxeiBCXByexi o fiescMepxis ^eiOB'lRa. Ho ae 



') Cip. 4C. 
«) Ctp. 46. 



— 1«1 — 

oieu ;^OBo;^H — ^e^oBiKX hochti bx cefii h ctojib cmbhog yfiijB- 
Jieeie bi cefi hcthh'£, <ito sa CJaCocTiio yMCTseHBUxx jioRasa- 
leibCTfii, OHO ojiHO craHOBHTCfl yBipeaieMi. Htrs o ^escnepTie — 
MaTeMaTHHecKoB achocth, ho r^iaci BnyTpeHHflro ^yBCTBOBaHia, 
HO CTOJB aBHaa jth^hoctb, cto.ib eiHBCTBeHHoe ero „fl", oti 
Bcero OTA'i^jieHHoe n see bi ce6fl co6HpaK)iiiee, eiBa jth ne pos- 
^aeix oqeBH;^H0CTI> ^). 

Jl^oceji AOBOjiu 6hjih npocxo Meia^BBBHecKie, yMospHTejbHBie, 
ocHOBaeHue sa oGmeMT. paacMOTpiHia BemecTBx; bth lOKaaaxejiL- 
CTBa HHiiMi, nosuajiyfl, noRaatyxcfl c;ia6KiMH. jI^Aa y6'tm,j(,eEisL b% 
HCTHH'fe HyatHO h'6hto 6o.i4e; Kacatou^eecH do HyecmeoeauiH doAoicHO 
6umh nodnpthnAReMO HyecmeoeanieMo ^). yOiatjieHie pi^KO bi 
roJioB*,— Bcerw bx cep;mi. HaAtcb HysHH HyBCToeHHue, cep- 
;^eqHHe AOBo;^u: xor^a yBtpHMX b paayMi, h cep;^^e. OCospHM-B 
JK)6onHTHHMX OKOMi BCK) HpHpo^iy H coCepeMi Bum CB, yB*- 
paioiuie bx 6e3CMepTii! ^ejEOB^bxa. IIotom'b come^x bo BHyTpen- 
HOCTb Hamy, nojostHui BiHeij;^ pascysj^esiK). 

Otx RaMeHH, rji,i^ Kamercji, aBCTseHHa o^ea JHmb cnjia ci^'ba- 
Jienifl, H ^acTH KaK^u tojibro nojiosena o^na 6jim% ;ipyrofi^ — 
40 HejiOB^Ka, cociaBX Koero ctojib HCKyccTBCHx, bx eoomx bc* 
^ifiCTBOBaxeiiH, HSB'&cxHue bi npBpoA*^, bbjibioxx Bucmyio op- 
raHHsaAiK), b bqahu cbjiki, npeBumaioiuifl Beni^ecxBeHHOCxb, — no- 
BCH>;(y OHeBHABa nocxeiieHHOCxb, witcxBai^a seu^ecxBi, ea Boefi 
Bci poAH cxojiB Majo oxjEHaioxcB ;^py^^ oxx ;tpyra, hxo Moryxs 
no^ecxBCfl co6paxHEiMH: rpaHHxi, py^HHi h aAauaHxi, seiiso, 
pxyxb H 3jiaxo e;iHHopo;[HH ajioio, xiojiBnaHy, Ke;ipy, jiyOy a — 
no vipe]s,% ciB cyxB Cpaxifl MoxujibBy, SMi'i^, opjy, saBopoHsy^ 

OBDCib, CJIOHV, HOJIOBiBy. Ha dXOfi .liCXBHIt'& BpHCXaJtJIHSai^ifl H 

MHHepaj[H3aAifl saHiicxByiox'B yace pacxnxejiBHOfl cbjbi, Bopajax,. 



') CTp. 47. 
*) CTp. 48. 

11 



— 162 — 

ry6a, moxi paajHqecTByioTx tobmo yTpo6oH), bi eefi ate sarpas- 
»H)Tca; CHJia pacxHieJiLHaa nepexo^^Hii bt> ;tpyroMx cJoaKe- 
BiH Bt pa3;i:pameHH0CTB, a hb^ cea— bx ^yBCTBHTejitHOCTb; OHa 
3Ke, pacnjofflaaca bx HyBCTBeHHOCxH, coBOKynjiaeTca ex yMcxBeH- • 
HOK) CHJiOH). BcJ^ ciH CHJiu, xtcHaca BO eAHHO, H pacmHpHBi 
^BOH) BHepriH), OTBepBaroTTi ycra bx qejiOB^Ki Ha rJiarojiaHie, h 
BJie^a ero nacHJiBCTBeHHO ea o6mecTBeHHoe coffinxie, AiJiaron. 
ero cnoco6H£iM'B nocxnraxb ;ias&e SEsamT^ejia. BcejienHoM. 

CMepxHiiS, XHL ecH seMja, npaxx! Tpynx tboS, JinmeH- 

BUi JRHBHeHHOfi HCKpH, eCXB CE'bjl^h HepBiio y^acxoEx corHE- 

Tia H paapyraeHia. Ho Bosspa ea paByMx CBOft Bceo6xeMJiH3mift— 
ojixapL xe6i roxoBjrio: th Borx ecn! ^) BosHecnca npeBume 
Bcea TBapH, ho ne Me^jxafi na seMJiH 6hxh 6ojvke, Heavejia' ecH. 
Ho XH qejiOBiKX, ecxt bb xefit HaAeac;ia — h ce cxenenb ki 
BOCXoaKjefliH): coBepmeHcxByenib na^e h naqe, h qxo xe6t 6htl 
onpe^ijieHO, ra^afi! 

EcJiH cia jitcxBHi^a BocxoHc;i;eHia — He nyciofi BiiMHcejix, 
TO Heo6xo;iHuo npe;(noJiaraTB Beu^ecxBa, npeBBinie qe;iOB']^Ra, h 
CHJia HeBH^tHMBra. 06pa3B[ opraHBsan^iH B03pacTaK)x'B, h ^ejio- 
Bd^Kx Ha seifjiH Ba^Kexca b'I^hi^om'b cjiomeHift. Ho axH cJio^seHifl 
npn BceMi Ba^RymeMca pasjinqin HMiH)Ti y;iHBHxeJiBHyK) cxoa- 
<5TBeHH0cxB ^). Bo Bcixx xpoxx HjapcxBaxx pocxenie h cofijH)- 
;^eHie XBapn, w h caMoe naxanie bx mnBOXHBix'B ecxB ycBoeflie. 
PasjiH^ie nojroB'B BaH^exca Heo6xo;i;HM£iMx jiJisi pacnjioSbeHia bo 
Bcixx i^apcxBaxx (bx HCEonaeMOMX, — sapoat^enie cejiHTpKi h 
MexaJiJOBx: cp. BBrnie, cxp. 85h97). CiH cxo^cxBennocxH Boofime 
soapacxaioxx nocxeneHHO kx C0BepineHCXB0BaHiK):Hanp.,ycBoeHie — 
Bx HCKonaeMBrxx npoH3Bo;i;HTx oxpycxajenie (ne roBopa o Apyrax-B 
^ificxBiaxx), bx pacxeniaxx — i^BixEi h ujioa%j bx asHBOTHiixx— 



*) Ctp. 51. 
2) Cip. 52. 



— 163 — 

opraHH HyBCTBeHHEie b opraei meicjih — mosf'b. ,Boo6pa3H me 
pascTOflHie KpHCTa.iJia orh oprana pasyMa, h homucje, qio mo- 
ffieri ejiHHOft (?) hsx chjii ecTecTsa** ^). 

BocxoatjieHie abhO bo Bcixx ciroa^eHiaxi. H cjioatenie itifB 
HCKycH^e, HiMi cocTasHHa nacTH ero nasjiHiHie h fiojiie sa- 

flMCTByiOTX OTX HHSBHX'B CJIOmenifi. Bcb BOSMOa^HUfl CITJIBI 
(CEOJIbRO OH^ HaMl H3BiCTHll) COeji;HHeH£I B'B HeJIOB'J^R'i H JlfkH- 

CTByioTi coBOEynao: bx KaMeaH npHMinaeTca npocxoe ycBoesie; 
Bi> pacTeHiflX'L — CBjia pactyiAaa h njio^tflmaacfl; b^b rnHBOieuxi 
H TO, a jipyroe, ao na^e ^yBCtBaieJibHocTb, mhcjiI); a ^ejioBiKx 
aosaaeTi yae nepayio Bceny npanaay — Bora. Ho aeyatejH 
He.TOBtKi» ecTb K0Be^'B TBopeaia? HeyatejiH nocTeneaaocxb 
na aeMX apepbiBaeTca? Hgbosmo^bo: — yme no lOMy o;^BO- 
My, HTO bt> qejiOB-feK* yMCTBeaaocTb ^epes^ypx naoro pas- 
jiHqecTByex'B oTi xijecaocTB: o^aa aoJiOBaaa ero — bi cxo;^CTBeaBO- 
CTii DHCxoAan^efi, b ;tpyraa noJOBBaa rpeSyex-b aocxoianiefi cxo;^- 
crBeaaocxB. 

HxaKx, HejiOBiKi, cyn^ecxao ;iByecxecxBeaBoe, ae ecxb 
B'B aacxoaa^eM'B CBoeMx bha4 OKoaqaaie opraaasai^iB. 9xo yai- 
peaie, no^epnayxoe bbx aocxeaeaaocxB BB^OBt opraaasai^iB a 
1131 nocxeneaaocxB bi> cjioseaia ecxecxBeaaHX'b cbjii, no;iKp*n- 
.laexca npaJiesKasiMB npapoj^ci aadJifOieaiaMB: 1) aaRasaa cnjia 
B'B npapo^^i ae ;iifiCTByex^ Cesx CBOficxBeaaaro efi opy;^ia, op- 
raaa; 2) aasasaa CBja bx npapo^ii ae Moatex'b Bsqesayxb, 
nponacxb. A ecjra mh yfiiABMca a at xom-b, b bi j^pyroMX, xo 
aBCxaeaao dyjrext: 1) B'B qeJiOB'feK'fe ecxb cajia, Koxopaa x^Jia ero 
ecxb xoKMO opy;i;ie(?); 2) a ao paspyraeaitr xijia axa caja ae 
yHH'ixoTKaexca, MOs^erx Bcer^a cyn^ecxBoaaTb a atBXb oxx xtjia 
oT^'ijieBBa: CJii^OBaxejibao, oaa ecxfc fiescMepxaa ^). 

OnHxi ;^0Ka3aBaex'b: 1) qxo cajia ae ecxb opraax; 



') Cip. 53. 

*) Cip. 55. HyatHo: «KOTopoM t%ao ero ecTb» etc. PeaaKi^ifl npHflajia 
Mtciy coBctMi o6paTHbifl— MaTepiajHCTHiecKifi cmhcji-b. 

11* 



164 



2) CHJia He ecTb jffbf^cuBie opraea; 3) 6esT> opyAifl CHJia He 
Mosei'k 6uTh HaifB HSBtcxHa; nanp., MarHHTHafl cnjia OTJuiqea 
OT'B KycKaciajH, ^epesi KaKofi abhu en ?,iticrhisi. Hsiodutobi 
Ba^'B MarHHTOMi flBCTByexx: 1*) cHJia MarHHiHaa cyn^ecTByeis 
eeBHAHMO, H Bi ^Keji'i)']^, 2) sBHa fiuBaexi ona tojibbo, BorAa 
npExo^^HT'L 61 x.ejiis6j 3) cj'i^iye'rB, hto seji^BO eciB oprans 
CHJiu MarHBTHOfi, a He A'^BciBie ero (?), 4)cJE^;tyeTi>, qiocHJia 
MarHHTHaa ecTB cana no ce6i. To ace mosho CRasaxB h o6t> 
ajeBTpH^ecTB'6 h npo?. H BaaceTCfl, hto 1) Bci ecxecTBeHHua 

CHJIH HeBHABMU H CXaHOBHXCH flBCXBeHHUMH, XOJbSO A^fiCXEja 

^pesx CBoe opy^ie, 2) Hanie;iix OHoe, oh4 ki neMy npHj^nja- 

lOXCfl ^). 

Bi opraHHsaT^iflxi Me Heo6xoj(HMocxB oprana jiJisi npoBBje- 
nifl CBJii eme CoJi^e ABCXBeBHa: oh^ ohbiS ycxpoanxii h npsjiinjifl' 
H)xcfl Ki HeBiy. Kor^a sepno oxi xenjoxu npopocxaexx, niufi 
oxi HacHseflifl odpasyexcfl bi nxHii^y, h sBHBOx^oe b'b yxpo5i 
saHBHaexcfl, He mosho jh cnasaxB, qxo hui coe^m^aexcs Tenjioxa 
^BSHeHHafl, Bas'B mezi^j MarnHXHaa CHja? Ho boxi> b pasjreqie. 
E^Ba 2BH3HeHHaa CHJia Hamjta cBoficxBeHHufl oprani^ xo ona 
ycBOflex'B Bct cxhxIh h noAHHHeHHUfl chjibi; nocpe^^cxBOMx ycBo- 
enifl ona pasBepsaexx hju xbopht'b cBoft oprani, coeepmeHCXBy- 
exi ero h caMa cb bbmb locxeraexx coBepmencxBa, Kasoe ko- 
jsexx opraRi efi ;(axB. ?xo se axo 3a cnja? E^Ba jh yrajtaeMi^ 
ecjH CBaxeMx, hxo ona ecxB CB'itxx, soHpi h x. n. Ona jih ecxs 
nocpejtcxBO Mesj^y x'ibjia n ;iymH, ona jh Bosaxnfl jnyniH na otf- 
pasoBanie x'J^Jia? RaBX 6ii xo hh 6hj[0, axott cnjii Ha;^o6eH% oprani 
AJfl npoflsjieHifl; cjii^OBaxejiBHO, x§;io ecTB oprani ityme js^m es 
pasHOofipasBux'B A^ficxBifl ^). nojEO^KHMi, OTO Ayiua BemecxseH- 
Ha, ^xo oaa ^^i^ficxByexi HeHHa^e, h^mi jtpym chjh, hxo ohb 



') Ctp. 56. 
«) Cip. 58. 



— 165 — 

{?) (h Cie B'lpOflTHO) Bl T^Jli nOCpeACTBOM'B HepSOBl qyBCTBOBaiB 

Hsy^HJiHCfl H nocpeACTBOMi M03ra mhcjbtb; nojiosHifB, qio ajthsl 
€CTB Ta 7Re CHjia, BOTopafl flBjfleTCfl HaM'B Bi Apyrax'L oCpasax'b: abh- 
JKeein, iipoTflaseHin, pas^paiBHTejiBHOCTn. Ho Moseii Jivi BaBafl 
TO HH 6uJio CHJia nponacTB, yHH^iTosflTBca? ?to xaxoe yHHHTO- 
seme citjibi? KaK'B ce6i BOo6pa3HTB 9to? Cioa^eHHoe tojibbo mo- 
sen paspymHTBCfl; — bo ocTaiOTca nacTH. IIoHflTie yeH^TOxeHifl 
mnu sasjuo^aeTi bi ce6t 66jiBmee npoTHBop'iqie, nemejivL cKa- 
3aTB, qio h4oto o6paTHTCfl B% HH^To. Fcpdepz roBopHTi: qT6 
BceosKBBJiflioii^ifi BOBSBajri bi ae^HSHa,— xHBex'B; ?to e^HHomAH 
jjiflCTByexi, AiflCTByeT-B Binno ^). 

HxaKx, HeJi:bno npe^nojiaraTB, hto Mosexi yBB^xoasHXBca 
Ayma, MucJEfln^ee^ cyn^ecxBO, axa CHJia, Cjaroj'InHtflmafl hso 
BC'bx'B Ba seMJiB, cefiB caMOH) noBHaioii^afl, co6oeo ynpasjiflion^afl, 
n A^flHiflxi CBOHXfB yDOAo6jiBK)iitaflCfl CHj'i TBopnefi. „OHa jh 
msBieTh yBHqxo2BHXBCfl, Bor^a hh eAHBua nujiHHBa, axoMi e^n- 
Hiift He Moryxi hbeiath bbi npeAijOBi xBopeHia!^ H6o yHH^xo- 
senie ecxB HS'Baxie hsi BcejienHOft, npexBopeaie bi> bb^xo. H xo, 
H Apyroe — nycxBia cjOBa: onpoBepraxB bxi — fiesnJiOAHaa h ae- 
BOBBpaxBafl Qoxepji BpeMeHB! H'^xi, CHJia, ^yBCXByion^afl b huc- 
jflB^afl Bi HejoB'i&Bt, Be BsqesBex'B, ho b% cji^jicTBie BBHaro bi 
BpHpoA'i^ uiecxBifl npefiAexi bi Apyroft nopsAOBi Bes^efi. Hb2b- 
BBB opraHBsai^ifl b% npnpoA'i^ cjyaEtHxi jiJis BucmeS. Fpyfiiifl 
deMHHB ^acTB npexBopflfoxcfl b'b pacxeBiaxi, Boxopua cyxB enij[}> 
jsHBoxBUMi, — a Bci cjiy^axi ^ejOB'lBy (no BspeneBiH) o^Boro 
aBTopa), BeJiH^aSmeMy y6ifli^'6 Ba seMJi^. Ecjb b'b ae^BBOXHUxi 
HHcmifl H npocxufl cbjiu apexBopflioxcfl bi cj[o;KBMniia b xoh- 
^laflnria, seysxo axa ajia6opai^ifl ocxaBOBBxca sa ^ejioBiz,±? JS/h 
qeny :Be BysseBx ero mosf'b, HepBeHBaa BJia;KBOcxB b xo, hx6 



') Cip. 59. 



— 166 — 

^tijiaeTt pasjipaffieHHOCTB MHnin;i>? Bci chjih CTpeMaica Biime^ 
qTofiii coeAHHHTBca Bt qejioeiKi: neyaKejtH Haajtynmafl opraHH- 
3ai^iA onpe;i;']^JieHa paspymiiTBCfl CescJii^no. n chjei, TicHHEmiflCfl 
B-B cJioateeiH qeJiOBiKa, HanpacHO pasoftjiyTCJi? Hix'Bt Cto.iB 
6e3pa3Cy;^HO BoatecTBO He onpe;itjiajio; lyxx He Chjo 6h hb 
i^'i^jiiT, HH HaM'i^peHifl! Mucjib BceMoryn^afl, BcecoBepmeHHaa h 
npeABiHHaa fiiijia 6h ne Han;ijieHHa! Ce xyjieHie ^)! 

Ra,iw Bi oSn^eMi mecTsiH ecTecxBeHHoerH si^KOTopoe 
yB^penie, ?to ;iyiiia nama, KaRi oAna hsi ecxecTBeHHuxi chj[:b. 
He Momeix HS^esHyxB, nonmeM'B b-b cedi 'lyBCTBennHx^ aobo- 
;^OB'B ;^jIa yfiiaieHia bi HeiJiiHHOCTfl ;i;yniH, ito6bi ycMoipixB, 
yra^axB hjih xojibro npejron^yxHXB, xoxa HecoBepmeHHO, BaROBO 
6y;^exx cocxoanie jiyuui ao oxiijieHiH ea oxx xijia. 

1. HcRyccxBesHH jhoboah re^theet^ia, (Syjixo adA^flHia pa« 
syica (cnoco6HOCXB noHHMaxB^ cy^nxB h BaRJuo^axB) cyxB Hsqio 
HHoe, Ra^^ caocodHOCXB ^yacxBOBaxB, npocxoe ^yBCXBOBame. 
Hsi axoro b^a^ mopjio 6ii jiudib cji'6;(0BaxB, hxo ^yBCiBeHHOCTs 
ecxB xojiBKO opyAie pasynHHa chju ^), qxo HyacTBOBaxB (x. e. 
nojyHaxB na nania HyBcxaa y;i;apeHia apejmexoBi) ecxB caicafl 
CH^a, Aaion^aa ;^'£ficTBHxejiBHOCXB ^yBCxeoBaniaMi h muc.9h. Ha- 
6jiB);ieHia ^yBCXBOBanifi HanzHxi y^taxi ^) nacB, hxo mucjIb oxs 
^yBCXBi coBCibm ecxB h'^hxo oxA'i^iieHHoe. Hanp.^ RaasAoe oso 
n(ay?a6T'B oco6eHHoe n ii^^joe Bnenaxji'JbBie oxx upe^^CToamaro 
npejiMexa; RorAaBSHpaio o^obmh rjiasaMH, xo ^lyBCXBOBame bi j^ymi 
OAHo; CJi'i^iiOBaxeJiBHO, ^yecxBOBanie o^eB He ecxB qyBCTBOBaaie 
;^yniH: h6o bx rjaaaxx ;tBa,— b'b ayni']^ oaho. Hjib: BH»ty rojio- 
noJLi», cjiumj 3B0EI, ocasaK) xBep^^ocxB RQjioROJia h npoxais^- 
hocxb ero liM, Tpn ^yBCXBOBania cobc^m'b pasHua hm^k> B^pyn* 



") Ctp. 61. 

^) Gtp. 62; opHoaBJieHO «flO ne A'l^KCTByeTi»(?). HeAOCMorpi peAaKi](ii. 

•) TaMB 2Ke «yHHTT>». 



— 167 — 

Ho a ce64 hsx xpexi. HyBCiBOBaHifi cociaBJiaH) e;iHHoe noHSTie; 
ipH ^yBCTBOBanifl pasJinHHu, ho a B^pyri hxx noHHMaio, n cobo- 
KynHO OHO Bx ;iynii cymecTByioT'B ^). HxaRi HyBCTBOBanie hjih 
y^apeBie npejiMeiOBi na HamH lyBCTBa otjihhhu oti noHATifi 

UHCJeHHUfl CHJEI. 

Eni^e 6oji§e, ^^mi ;(iflHifl cbjiu oti ea vyBCTBeHHUX'S op- 
ranoBt, h noHflTia otx omyn^eHiffl, OMHTOiOTca otx HyBCXBeHHHxx 
BnenaTJi'fcHifi — cysKjieHia, a na^e loro — saKJUo^enia. Cy5K;^eHie cctb 
cpaBHenie ;iByx'L nonaxiB, hjih nosHaHie OTHomeHiS, cyo^ecTByK)- 
n^HXi uesRjiY sen^efi. Ho Beii^ cyn;ecTByH)Ti> caMH no ce6ij Ba;R;iafl 
Bx CBoefi oco6eEHOCTH, a noBBanie mx^ OTHomeHifi, cpaBHeme npe;^- 
noiraraeTi cpaenumeAH. Beo^H npoHSBOj^AT'B Ha qyBCTBa tormo npoc- 
Tiia yj^apenia; sHaHOTi, cyasieHia otjihihh otx qyBCTBOBaHifi (t. e. 
ou^yu^euiil). 3aKiiK)^eHiaxi h pascya&AeHiax'L, RaR*B ssBje^e- 
Hiaxi H3i» cym;iefii&, h roBopaiB nenero. XoTa Bct noHaxia, 
cysj^esia n yM03aRj[H)HeHia (Aa^se HoxfijieieHH^mia H^en) BJie- 
Kyxi cBOft RopeHB oxi» ^yBCXBeHHHXi ^peJ^MexoB^, ho MOSKHa 
JH CRasaxB, ^xo oxBjeHeHHaa ^ea ecxB HyBCXBCHna *)! Bee 
axo — HCXBEHua npOHSBe^^enia MucjieHHOfl chjili. Ecjih 6u ea ho 
6n.io, ecJEH 6u ona 6uji^ xojibro cj']&;^CTBie ^yBCXBeEHOCxa, xo 
He xojiBRO He Morjia 6u BOspoAHXBca naxeMaxHRa (nayRa qHCJfE. 
H HBMipenia), ho Hs^esjia 6ei Bca bpaBCXBCHHocxB, ;^o6po;^'6xeJIB^ 
qecxHOCXB, BeJIHRo;^yI^ie (RaR'B cjOBa fiest mhcjh).... h, Bce- 
CHJibHHfi, nory6HJioca 6u Tsoe BceMorymecxBo! Oxpni^axejiBHHe 
npHM'fepH (oxpoROBHiia HB-B jtcoB'B IIIaMnaHiH) HHHero He jio- 
KasHBaroxx: hsx xoro, wo a cn^no, He cji^yexi*, hxo pyRH ne- 
pecxajiH ocaaaxb, H hofh ne xo;taxx. Kor^aCfii yMCXBennaa CHJia 
He 6ujiB, 6u CHja no ceoi, Hmmom 6ujn> 6h ne Jiy^oie caiio^ 



^) Cip. 64. 
«) Cip. 65. 



— 168 — 

'hjidLj — B najimee na eero fl6jiOKo pasmudAO 6u euj tormo noa, 
a npHTflseHie HetfecHiixx t'^jii ocxajiocB 6ei HeyraAaHHUMi*. 

2. JijinSL He TOKMO TBOpHT'B HOHflTifl, HO H eCTB EXX BC- 

thhhhS noBejinTejiB ^). Ror^a nyBCTsa OTHecjiR efl co6paHHiie 
o6pa3Ei npejiMeTOBi, a naMATB co6;iioj[a hxx, to y nacx ecTB CHJia 

BOSAaoaTB C06jlK)AeHHyK) MUCJIB B'L A^flCTBBTeJIBHOCTB: MUCJIb— 

BeJitnieMi AyniH — KaR^Bi BOcnpflHyBi otx cna, ofijesaeTca nasH 
Elk CBoB o6pa3'B H 6uxo;iiiT'B na dp'^JiHoie. Ho aioro iiajio. Jl^ynia, 
npoTeKafl sci xpannjiiiiua naMHiH, HcnoJiHeHHua o6pa30B'B, mo- 
seTi, asB HOBafl Medes, pasc^Baji o6pa3£[ na nacTB, bsx cai- 
nienifl cotbopbtb hobbiB o6pa3i, npeKpacH^fimifi. dneiida, 
Feupiada, saBOHonojomenie Jlunypia (corJiacHiifiinee bo Bcixi 
CBOHXi ^acTflxi na^e Bci^x'B seMHBix'B saBOHoxaTejiBCTBx) cyib 
jib npoB3Be;ieHia nyBCTei, npocTBia HSpeHenia ^yBCTBOBanifl? 
Hjb yxo, n.iB rjiasx. hjih hocb 6eijib hx'b TBopHTejB? RapTHHa 
jio63aHifl nepBaro My^sa h mmu b'b ddeMth^ bjih n3o6pa}BeHie 
^Cmpatunato cyda^ mofjeb 6bitb coTBopeHU eAHHOfo tormo 
cb;ioh). J^^no CHJia hxi oCpasoBaja bo lAaefh MuMmoua h 
MuxauAa AnoiceAa^ to a b Ha to corjiaceHi: oxpBaaio BorjiaB'b 
TBoefl Cbitb CB.ii&; tu RyRJia BoKauconoea ')^. 

3. Hsqio, „no Moeify mu'I^hIh)*', tojhro ne yTBeps;i[aeT'B, 
HTO Ayuia ecTB cHJia, b CHJia caaia no ce6'6, RaRi SHumHie, 
T. e. MoryiAecTBo npHJiinjATBca ri ojihoB n^ei no CBoeMy npo- 



>) Cip. 66. 

V Crp. 67. Jacques de Vaucanson (1709— 1782)— (fpaHayacKift MexaHirk, 
npocjiaBBBmiftcH HSOOptTeHeuMH nwh aBTOMaiaMH. PanHmeBi, BtpoHTHO, paay- 
MtcTi noKaaaHHyio hmibb flapHatt bi 1738 r. (t)Hrypy «0 ji e h t h c t a» (ei Haty- 
paJbHyio BejiH^ay). MexaHHSMx ea onecaHB bi opomBopt Le mecanisme dn 
fluteor automate. Par. 1738. IlpyasBHU h Mtxa npoaojiHJiH Boaflyxi Tasi, hto 
ry6bi H najibubi aaTOHaTa opaBHiibHO pa6oTaJiH na ({)JieMT'k. 



— 169 — 

esBOJesiH) ^). ^yma o6o3p'6BaeTx HAeio, BusBaHHyio ea Beji^ni- 
«ici oTi noROfl Ha A'i^fiCTBHTejiBHOCTfc, pa8Apo6.vfleT'£ ee, o6o3p'£Ba- 
«fb act ea CTopoHU, OTHomeHis b cjitACTBia. Bci ;tpyrifl H^en 
B033iiJBaiOTCfl TOJTBEO jissi TOFO, hto6h H^eji, Ha ROTopyio ycTpeM* 
.leHO BHBMaHie, CTaHOBH^acb jyiesapH'le, acH'i^e. CpaBHH ycipeM- 
jflion^aro Ha H^^eio Bce CBoe BHHMaaie (nanp., dtiAepa) ex t^mx, 
Koero BHHMaHie pacxopseno; to — 6ojibnioro CBixa CTpesosa, 
pacqecaHBuS bx Ryxpn b yMaiAeHHEift apoMaxaMB n^erojB. — 
JIjuiB, MOJveTi noBeji^BaTb cbobmb mucjubb bi cociOflHiB cna, 
(oitsHeBy ;(a»e caMaro CesyMia. 

4. CoHS ') ecTB ese^HeBHo BosodnoBJiflioii^eecfi {xydo en^e 
iio3BaBHoe) cocTOflBie SBBOTuaro, bi soTopoMa> eMy ^HBaerx ne- 
HSBtcTHo A'i^ficTBie BHi&mHBX'B npe^MeTOBi Ha (bc§ bjih ntKO- 
Topsia) ero lyscTBa. ^yBCXBa noKoaxca, — h MticJieHHOCXB bx cewh 
oo^oseHlH Becnoco6Ha na npio6p'bxeHie hobuxx noHaxifi; ho 
TBopHxejiBHafl CBjia AymB ne Eocniexx. Jl^yma oxBJieBaeTx oxi 
<;oxpaHeQH£ix'B nonaxifl CBOflcxBa — ao nponsBO^ieHiio, conparaexi 

HX'B no COBCtllX HOBBIMl QpaBHiaMl B npOBBBO^^BT'L 06pa3ll, BO- 

Hxx e;iBHaa bobmoshocxb ecxB HeBCxoniBMaa sara^^Ba ;i;ia 6;^a- 
D^aro. )I,M AyniB xorj^a wb^'h neBosMOHCHaro: cxojcxBeHHUMB aBJta- 
lOTca CBOficxBa, BOxopBia, noBBABMony, npoxHBop'&Haxx Apyrx 
jipyry, bsx nenpaBBJiBHaro xBopBxca npaBHjBHoe,— BOBBBimaexca 

Bl Jt'j^fiCXBBXeJIBHOCXB XO, HXO B% ^A'^^hIb ej^Ba JB BOBMOXCeXX OHa 

noA03piiBaxb. IIpoBcmecTBia uijiBixi cxojitxifl BM']tn;aK)xca bx 
ojHY MBHYxy^ npeA^JEH npocxpaHCXBa qohxb yHBHTosaioxca; npe- 
ToprayBx xeneHie BpeiieHB, Aynia otfieMjrex'B B^bqnocxB. 

„0 coHX, Cpaxx CMepxa, h CMeajHOCXB b4hhoctb, npocxpa 
jdpaqBBifi noBpoBi XBoft Ha xoMan^eeca cep^i^e! JIjbl BOSBBBHyxx 



*) Gip. 68. 



— 170 — 

o6pa,^u B03JiK)6jieHHL[xi MOHXi npe;ix mhoh)! ^a jioOmy hsx u 
OjiaseHCTByK)!*' ^) 

5. MucjiH CHOBHjtfln^aro Kascyxca pascTpoeHHUiiH (no toS 
npHqHHi, ^To npes-L Mipy atHBu?). Ho c^ yjioBJieHieMi Hyano 
BSHpaiB Ha AyuamuKoez hjih ho^hhxx 6po;^a^'B *). Ohh bx cbo- 
ei\% coHHOMX xo3K;^eHiH He tojibko cji'fej^yioT'B npaBHJBHOMy pac- 
noJi02KeHiK) MucJiefi, ho a ynoTpeOjenie ^.leeoBX HJiiioTi ^o;^o6H0 
6iiflmHM'L; snaqHT'L, BJiacTi> MHCJieHHOCTn eaji'L nijiecBOcim y 
HHXx He HS^esaeT'B. Ohh 663% ycTparaeHia bocxomti na bhcoth, 
Ha KOTopdfl bo 6;iiBi\i BsnpaK)!^ ex yHtacoM'L. Hxx oTBaacHOCTB 
ojiHHi H'^Mei^Kiit HHcaTejiB odiflCHfleix BeseaHieM-K onacnocTH. 
Eppe^HO, ayHaxHE'B, SAyn^ifi no RpoBji']^, ne SHaeTi onacHocTH, - 
HO onacHOCTb cymecxByeT'B jih msi Hero, hjh kto ero otx nea 
djHOAeTi? HsyqeHHOMy xo;i;HTb no pepeBK'i .aaroxx Jiy^inee inecx- 
Bie oauxHOCXL h HCRycexBo; obi ne snaexx onacHOCXH, Boxopaa 
He npeBpan^aeiCfl wa ;ipyroro. JlyHaxHRBj y Koxoparo BHtniHia 
HyBcxpa BX 6e3;^ificxBiH, Boaiiaexca hcxo^hhromx HyacxBOBama 
H MHCJUH — jiymeio. 

6. Bx cocxoflHin cna npocxaa n^ea cxoj»b sie snsa h ab- 
cxBeHHa, EaKx HanatHBifiniee HyBCXBOBanie. To «e — h bx h^bo- 
xopKixx 6ojfrb3HHXh. Jl^yma, nacujibCXBeHHO oxxopateHHaa Coji'feaHiH) 
oxx coiosa ex xijiOMx, Bpantaexca cana bx ceSt ex Bamn^ero 
j^tficxBHxejiBHoexiK), npHqeMx fiHBaioxx y;^HBMTeJIBHHH aBJienia, 
EOHMH Eso6(iJiyK)xx Bpa9e6H£[fl Ji']^xonHCH. PaAHn];eBx npHBo;(BXX 
co6exBeHHBifi npnM'i^px: Ror;ta ohx 6o^ijn> mecxosoio JiHxopaj^KoB, xo 
6uBajiH MFHOBeHia, bx KOxopBia ohx roBopox ex nojixaoBaBrnHMx ero 
BpaneMX no JiaxHHH cxojb njiaBno npaBHJiBHo, ?xo caMX ;ih- 
BHJica, Eor;i;a eny no nponiecXBin 6o:vkziiB CBasHsaJiH xomx. 



^) Gip. 69. 

^) Cip. 70. «HoHBOfi 6ponflra»— Nachtwandler. 



— 171 — 

gloia a pasyii^ji asuRi xpeBHaro Pnua, ho secbua aocpe^- 
CTBeHHO, A&6u He CRasaib xyAO, h HHRor^a ee HS'BflCHflj'B na- 
OHOMX nouxi MUCieS, H BcerAa mhI^ ctohjio Be;iaKaro xpy^a- 
cjoxHTb nepio^i ej^uHufi" ^). ^ynia bi KaR0M:B6u he Cujo no- 
joseeiH (xoth h nocpe^^CTooMx Mosra, ho) BHyTpeHHeio CBoeio 

CflJOH) TBOpBTi, He MOHteTX OT^yiHTBCfl CBOett* JliflXeJIBHOCTH BX 

TBopefliH MHCJiH, TBopHTx, cosMexx, 3B»;[eTB, ecjH He hto-jih6o 
npasHJiBHoe, to xota ypo^a. 

7 Cmotpa Ha 6i^CHyK)iii;arocfl, jHmeHHaro pascy^Ba, CBa- 
aieifi, ooasajiyfi, hto h'J^ti /[ynie: pascTpoesBHtt opraHi mucjih pas- 
Haeii Hxx CKOxy, SBipio. Ho bx ^cmx ero SicHOBaBie? Ilopa- 
seHHufi eAHHOfO Hj^eeio, ohx Bce bx nett npnji'i§nj[fleTx h otho-^ 
CHTx. Ohx He TaKX cy^iHT'B OBfimaxi, HOCjiAOBanie ero uucjiefi 
He cxo;^CTByeTX ct> pojihbujhmh axx HyBCXBOBaHiaMH, ohx Bce 
co^eTaexT) hobhmx nopaAKOMtj Bce HaBJiOHaexx noji.'b BjacxByio- 
qyK) fiajcL hhmt. mhcjib. Ho ohx cajMS cydrnm. Ce BuniHflfl 
TOSMO cxeneHb BH^Manifl. „n a-^h xoro pasJiH^HEifl pa^H xota^ 
npa^HHH, no npocxopiqiio peqewt: „K)po;ie! xu ecH HeJOB^BX 
Boffiifl"! *) 

8. Ha6jrH)AaJiH jih bh BorjD[a-Jia6o, BaBOMy HanpaBjeHiio 
cji^Ajexi coqexanie Hamnxi Hiefi, h Basi ex A'i^xcxBa Ayma- 
yMHJiacB cpsiBHHBaxB, flSM'i^pflXBy y^HJiacfl cosepmeHHO n npcpe^- 

CTBOM-B lyBCXBl? He qyBCXBa HaOIH nyBCXBOBaXL yqHJHC3, HO 

j^yma. 

06pa3x BX rjiasy 6hjix cx nepBaro ;z[Hfl xasoBOlt ^e, sanx 
jinecB, — HO Bi;^ajio jih AHia, qxo ecxt caM£i3 ofipasx? ^yBCXByexx 
JH OHO ypoj^JinByio copasM'J^pHOCxs Heaua BeAunaio^ BSHpaa na. 



») Cip. 71-72. 
*; Cip. 73. 



— 172 — 

Hero^ noHBMaeTi) jus, aht^, pascMaTpneaa Eaofcenoeu odpasi^Q 
-3;raHifl, hto bb ceMx 3o;rqeMX npacyTCTBeHX ;cyxx BpaMauma. 
Ct5hti tojibko (hto6x y6iAHTLca bx otjh^hocth pasyMa oti 
TijiecHOCTH) BoofipasHTB 0pudpu(caIL BSHparomaro bx jiiTCTBi na 
ycTpoeeie BofiCRX UpunueMZ AmaAhmcKUMz^ h hotom'b B3rjflHyTL 
Ha ero pasM^peHie jiojihhbt npir ilfo49t«t<7«». TaiiB Bsop'B Becejifl- 
marocfl KyRjaMH, sa'I^cb oro opjiHHoe, o;rynieBJieHHoe ajiH6oH) 
cjiaBEi, TaMx npocToe HyecTBOBaHie, z^bch hhcjb repofl, nepexo- 
jifln^afl Bx A^ficTBHTejiBHOCTB. KaRX Bcer;(a, PaAHn^eBx BSEiBaeT'B 
Rx ryMaHHOCTH. o6fl3aTejiBHofi n iiJifl repoa: „0ecJiH6£i, Be^iHRifi 
myjr'b! cjiaBa tboa ne CTonjia tojihrhxx cjesx ^ejiOB'i^HeGTBy, 
TO-iHRoxx cxeHaHifi!" — ^). 



(27o /I c«e«e/i), 

BacHJiifi HfiaHOBH^x Baoiceuodz (1737 — 1799), BHi(e- 
npeBB^^eHTi aRa^eMiH xy^osRecTBi, BHaMeHexBifi apxHieRTopi e 
nepeBO^^TOEi BHxpyBia ea pyccRifl asbirb (HeTepfiyprx, 1790— 
1797). nocTpoHJH Bx CnB.-ri ApceeaJiB, bb Mocrb^ Apce- 
Ha.iB, PyMflHmeBCRifi Myseffl, ^BopeuB bb n^apniiHH'fe h t. t. 
FpaHAiosHBre npoeRTsr ero (BaM'^ea KpeiiJieBCRHXB ct'J^hx ABop- 
x^aMK HT. ji.) ocTajHCB 6e3B BKrnojiHeHifl, sa eenM'iHieM'B Tpe6o- 
BaBDnrxcfl Ha TO ;iecflTROB'B mejuiohobb. Eaa^eHOBi ctoajx b% cho- 
meniflxx ex Hobhrobeimx h moceobcrhmh MacconaMH. BomeJixnO' 
cjit CMepTE ERaxepHHEi bx mhjoctb IlaBJia I. 



') Ctp. 74. 



— 173 — 

JloHamo lauuapu EpaMantne (1444 — 1514), snaMeHBTufi' 
apxHTeRTopi H sBBonscei^i, HaHBEicmifi npe^iCTasHTejiB apxHieR- 
TypHaro cthjea BospoxAeHifl, coBpeMeHHHKx Mnnejifl An^^seJio h 
Pa^aajifl. IIocTpofiRH ero: coeAHeeHie BaTHRaHCRaro ABopiia ci 
caj^aME BejBBejtepa, coopyseHie xpaiia cb. IleTpa (ee oRoa^eHHaro 
hm-b) h t. a. 



Molwitz — AepeBHfl bi CHJiesiB noAi> BpecjaBjenx. 10 an- 
pijfl 1741 r. ^pHxpHXi o;tepx(ajii> sjsicb no6ij(y aa^'B aBCTpifi.- 
CKHMH BOfiCRaMH noAi ROMaH;(ofi rpa<{)a ^om HeUnnepia. „Mojb- 
BHi^i^, roBopHTi cam ^pH;rpHxi, „6ujii mBOJOio aja RopoM 
lero BoficRi^. 3Ta no6ftAa oCesnennjia IIpycciH o6jaAaHie Ch- 
lesieio. ^pe^pHxi ytxaon 6km ci> nojia 6qtbu ci RasaJiepifl- 
CRoB AHBHsieK), HOBuarpa^^ cpaseaie, fijiaroAapfl pacnopflaReni- 
zwh CBoero (j[)eJiBAMapmaiia IHeepuua. ABCxpifiilu noiepflJin 700^0'' 
^ej. yfiHTHMu H 1200 nji'lHHHMn, npyccaRH — 4600. 



9. PrbHh ^^aeTi ojieo mi» cviJihE'kimux'h ji.OKdLda.TejihCTB'h 6e3- 
TtjiecHOCTH ;^ymH. Bes'B pt^H, HanjiyHmaro h, Moaexx 6HTb, 
ej^HHCTBeHHaro ycxpoHTejifl Haaiea MucjieHBOCTa, mu HHqiM'L He 
OTJiH^ajiHCb 6u OTi HSHBOTHHX^. 3to jioKa3HBaK)Tx acHBmie He- 
HaJiHHO B^ coBepmeHHOMT> OTjiajieHiH oti jiio;refi. Kto CKaaven, 
HTO piqb ecTB h^hto lijiecHoe *)? — pasB't kto co^iTeTx 3a ojho 
H SBysx, H ciOBO. Kasi pa3J(iqaK>TCfl ohh, TaRx pas^tHqecTByers 
H ;tyma otx xija. SByBt osHaueHyeT^b cjiobo, cjiobo BOsfiyacjaeTi. 
Hjieio. Cjiobo, H-feqio «?HBoe, He Kacaiomeeca T^ja, haot* bx Jiyniy, 
a SByKT), ;tBB»eHie B03;iyxa, bx yxi Haieaaeix. 

10. ^yBCTBeHHoe pacnojioajeflie rijia Bcasaro atiiBOTHaro 
yBijiOMJiaeTX, hto oho asBBerx. Ho cie nosDanie CBoero Cuiia 
CTOJib Tyno, CTOJB Mpa^HO, iTO He MOHceix boHth bx cpaBBCHie 
ex caMonoBBanieMx qejioeiKa. Obx o;ihht> ;khbo h aCHO omy- 
maexx, hto cymecTByexx, qro MUCjHTt, a qro ero mhc.ib npo- 
ESLAJieTRETh eMy. Kor^a ero jiyoia BOSHocHTca kx oosnaHiK) nc- 
THEET, Tor;i:a Hawnaqe BOsposfAaexca bx HeMi. flCHifiinee nosna- 
Hie CBoero CtiTia, h bto snaMOHyeTX CHJiy bx neMx acHBYK), BHyi- 
peHHee Moryn^eciBO ^). 

IIpoTBBx 6e3'rfejiecHOCTn II CescMepiia ;^ymH Bospa/Eaioii, 
HTO lijo ^I'feBcTByeTx na jtyiny BceMoryni;ecTBeHHO. Ho kojhko 



*) Cip. 75. 
^ Cip. 76. 



— 175 — 

npeBsmaeT'B BJiaciB ;ryniH na^'B tj^jiomx! ^yma poxAaeT'B 
vucjin n noBejiiiBaeT'B hmh, BJiacTsyeTx He lOJihzo Haj^i mejiaHl- 

flMH, HO B Ha;iX CaMOK) 60J[']&3HI>H) T'^JieCHOH); flKO COHX, OHa He- 

BOJiBHUMi) o6pa30Mx upoESBOAUTT> TO; — HejioB'l^Ei MoaseTii caiio- 
npoHSBOJBHO cjroatHTB c^ ce6a ^yBCTBeHHOCTB h mHTB (Jesxi- 
JiecHo Bx caMOMx Ttj4. Pa;^HmeBX xohct-b pascMOTptTB see 
9T0 nopo3Hb H noTOMi nepeflxH k% cnocoSuocmu coeepmencmeO' 
eauin bx nejiOBtR*, bx KOiopoft mu o6panteM'B Kopenh Oydywn 

1. BjacTB MBicjiH HaAx T^^jecHOCiiH) cxaja naMX oSbi'ihoio 

BCJi'bjtCTBie eaceMrnoBeHHaro ncoBiTBiBaHifl, n hh npupaBHHBaeMx 
ee — MexaHHSMy. Bx rjaB* po;i;aTCa mhcjib — h qjeHKi efi hobh- 

BYIOTCa. OpOHSBOAHTX JIH TO paBApaffiHTeJTBHOCTB BX MBinmaXX 

HiiH dJieKTpx npoTOEaeTX qjieHBi? KdRX (Heacnaa) meicjib ;(bh- 
3KeTx HjeHX? He Bijiaio. Ho bx tomx corJiacnTBca na^^ofino, ^to 
HHqero no;io6Haro ne npoHSBeJia 6h canaa ncEycnaa MaxHHa — 

BeiII,eCTBeHHBIMH CEUaMH, Onp0HB MBICJIH. 

MaxHHa He Moatexx ceCi BCJiiTB: efi nyatenx hctohhhkx 
^tBHatenia, KOTopBitt ^KHoeTx bx Te6i. Tojikh Mamany; a 6e3x 
Toro CTOHTX. Th ffie caMx ;^BHffiemBca. Mbicjib, cjiobo CesMOJiBHoe: 
„xomy!" — H6y;i;eTx. Kaax Borx noBejiijix: „^a6y;^eTX CBtTx!" — 
H 6hctb, xaKx TBI peneniB ce6i: „H;^H" — nniecTByemB. „0 ^e- 
jiOB'i&Rx! BX OEpyr']^ CBoeg tbi BcecHJieHx; tbi ecu chhx mbicjih! 
TH — CHHX Boajifi!" ^) 

2. Kojiheo ^ejioB'i&EX BJiaAHsa cbohxx MHCJeS, tojiheo ^e 
OHX BJiaCTOHx n HaAX cbohmh ^eianiaMH n CTpacTaMH ^). HpaB^a, 
6ojiBm0HCTBO Jiio^^efi hmx npe^aeTca; ho 6HBaH)Tx JIH);^H, eoh co- 



') Cip. 11. 
«) Cip. 78. 
3) Cip. 79- 



— 176 — 

BCiuLi nonpaJir cboh cxpacTH: 9to BjacTS jtyniB naAX t^jlom^ 
caMOAepsaBHaji. IIpnM'j&pii B08;(ep3BaHifl — bi setIjix'b ApeBHHX'& 
nycTHBHOsHxeJiefi. P^j^aiAeB'B BucRasEiBaeTCfl apoTHB'B acReTHCMa. 
yMepu^SAeuie cmpacme4 — coeepiaeuHoe ypodcmeo ^), uOonpomueo- 
prbHwmh ufMU ecmecmeeuHoH. EcJia 6u jcyma 6Eijra npoH3Be;(eBie 
opraHH8ai;iQ b A'i^ficTBie T'i^jecHOCTB, to ne mofjio 6li 6uTb h 
npHM'i^poBi moAUKaio CeayMin. H wb canoMi ontHyofcdeniu paa- 
cydna ;^yI^a itflcTByeix Bc;iibACTBie oco^ux'b npaBHJX h HeT*- 
jiecHO. 

3. H caMUfl cxpacTH cyxb A'l^ficTBifl ;^yinB, a He xtjiecHO- 
CTH. Bee, ^t5 xijio jjijiaexi), bajio h xaacKO. Xoxa Kopeab h 
Ti^^Ah cxpacxefi HHor^a Ben^ecxBeHHH, ho ^xo juaexi anepriH), chjiu 
Ha npeoAOJi'^^nie npenaxcxBifl? HeyaaejiH ojina x^jiecnocxb bo;s- 
xaex'b BJ[K)6jieHHaro, cpe6pojiio6aa, aj^yn^aro c^aBu. HanpHif&pi^ 
HaHxibJieCHtfimefi hsx cxpacxefi, Aw6eu^ y6']&;(BMCJi, qxo Aynia ^^aexi 
cspacTflM'B AMcxBnieju>HocxB. PaABn^eBx oxKpoBeHHO cosHaexca, 
qxo AioSoeh nAamonuHecKOH ua acMAtb ecmh Opedd, hxo hcxo^hbrb 
H ufbAh jik)6bb cyxL TijiecBu ^j. Ho HHor^a j[K)5obb, ot jsfkjisiscsi 
oxi CBoero Ha^ajia n xepufl i^^jis b3'b BB^y, ;(aexi> Ayni'6 aeep- 
riio6o»ecxBeHHyio H^JroxHOxqya;^eHHyH), xaKx qxo jik)6obb cxaao- 
BBxcfl MucJieBHOH). CxpacxB Hsqesaexi, rojib CRopo x'Ijo cxaao* 
BBxcfl upeqacxHUMi. ^tifB npe^Mexi cxpacxa neH'be Ben^ecxBenx, 
a yAOBjexBopeHie tfesx'i^JiecHie, xtiix cxpacxB MOsiex'B 6bixb 
npoAOJi»flxejiBH']&e. „0 Apy^R^a! cxpacxB Aynin ycjiaAHxeJiBHajil 
Ecjn XE[ Ha seuji^ diiBaeniB Haje^RHtfimaa oxpajia cep^iia, to 
qx6 6yAemB xbt, Ror^a Ayma, oxpimeHHaji orb qyBCTB'B BH'ibin- 
HHXi, cocpexcxaiicfl caua bt* ce6i, Bosnecexi A'i^ficxBHxejiBHOCTB 
CBOK) Ha npeBucnpeHHi^finiyK) bosuoxhocxb? RaRoe CyAex'B Bame 



Cip. 79. Bt. no,TJieHHHKt „ypoij.itt6o". HejiocMOTpi 

^) Gip. 81. GeHTHMeHTajincMi» bi 3Tom'& OTHonieBiH npoTiBooojosReni po- 

MaHTHCMJ. 



— 177 — 

ipCTBOBaHie, Ror^ta Bcrp'ibTHMCfl sa uipe^%xB,UE nipa cero?^ 
IlycBaft a Cpeay; ho fipejii Moft — Moe 6jta«eHCTB0. PasBi sa- 
BHCTB, npasB^ MyqHTeJiBCTBO saxo^eri npepBaiL Moe cH0BH;^'6Hie"! 

4. Ayma (hjih MuoieHHOCTB) aboaro BjracTByex'B naj^'B 60- 
lisHflMH T'bjia: H ]s,B,'Th BOSMoseiib 6oj[i8HB, H OTXflTH ^). Heji'j^no 

H npOTHBOp'6?ET'B OHHTaH'B nOJiaraTB, ?T0 9C^ 6o;r'l8HH OT'B MHC- 

jeHHocTH, H HTO Ha BCJ^ fioj'iBHH Bx j^yHi'fc JieEapcTBo cyn^ecT- 
Byex'B. Ho bo MHOsecTsi 6oj['63Hefi cyTB h'6crojibro, roh — Heno- 
cpe;rcTBeHHoe A^ficTBie jsjunsj h ecxB MHorie npsMipu Hci^'^JieHifl 

ej^HHCTBOHHO npOCTUM'B ^yHIH J^'bUCTBieH'h. CiH AyXOBHUfl JIORap- 

CTBa lOCTOfiHBE sacjiyacHBaTB paBHoe m^cto b'b ^HcneHCTopiflX'B, 
saRx xnna, MepRypifl n np. anreRapcRifi npnnacB. KaRx ^yma 
laoTx 6oj['6bhb xijcy h Jie^wn ero? Jle^Hix, ne mynaa nyjBca, 
HHecMOTpa Ha asiiRX. Eoji'j&shb ace jxaexx, ne OTpaBJiaa. Boji'be 
He CRaasy, h6o He b^jls^io] ho Mofi ^^obo^x ocHOBanx na o6ni;eH3- 

B'J^CTHUXX <{)aRTax'B. 

Bu, na ROHXi nenajiB npocTEpa;ia CBoe sajio, Bacx bx 

HBHeMoa&emH T^jiecHOMx, CesHyBCTBenHHiin sp^Ji a npH pasanijefl 

6*6612. E^HHoe cjiOBO yrpoxacTi ahshe, sH^jenie BOB^yxa! yjBejii 

OH'B MFEOBeHHO HCHOJiHaeTCfl a^OMx H oxpaBOH)? KaRaa sapasa 

pasc^Tx Bx Heiix? RaRoe XEMnnecRoe jtificxsie npeBpam;aexx 

SHSHeHHHfi Bos^yxx Bx ropK)?ifi H CHepxoHocHHfi? ^pyroS npn* 

M^px. Ce JiHCTx, ce xapxia jtaexca xefii bx pyRy; HepxH hbo6- 

passenia Ha neS npoHSBOJiBHHa. H ce ^ejio xBoe 6ai]i,wbeTh^ 

HyxflTca BBopH, h'6mx asHRX, MpaBx ofixeRaexx xboh) Bnyxpen- 

HOCTB, h xpynx xBofi BaJHXca ;(OJry. mwh oxpaBJiena xapxia h 

HepTU? ynnxaHBi jin sejiienx iiiiniBaRa h cyjieiin? He MannaxeJiB- 

Hoe JiH ce ;ipeBO, MepiBan^ee bc^xx? Hjih xapxia nane a^OBH- 

Taro BBopa 6acHOCJiOBHaro BacnjECRa? Ho no^xo 2Re xsr odum 

CTpaxaemB? 



') Cxp. 82. 

12 



— 178 — 

Cjobo, aQpeieHHoe hjh Ha^epxaHHoe ), B086ysxaeT^ boa- 
Heaie MHCieHHOciH, a pascipoeHHOCTB iipoH3Be;^T% fiojiisHL. 
jO^yioa 6o4HTx, ;^yiiia CTpas^^eri*; ot% tofo CTpaac^eri h t^jeo: 
Bor^^a ncTOHHHRi oxpaBJieHi, BOSMoacerx jin 6ui:h s^^paBO hctcto- 
Hie? IIpHMipii ;i;ifiCTBifl;i;yinH Ha 1*620 ci nocjid^yioiqeK) 6oji'63hlk) 
HeHCHeTHu. ^afiii epeMemw xomn yjiu6amhCH^ toeopn ocmpcbda- 
nmch HeAoefwecmea^ hohhhtcji (vjifb to Pa;i;fliii[eB'B ^HxaJTB), 
sesaTHfi iiyacx oniy^aji'B Bcer^a CTpajianie, Bor;(a sesi ere 
speMJi npHCU'^BSLio pasptoaibCfl ox's 6epeMeHH0CTH. Ojiee noia- 
raioT'E 8T0 BUHHCJioMi, xpyrie naxo^tflT'b otu^hho cxo;tCTBeHHoe 
cjcosenie nepBOBx (y iiysa h aceHu); ho a, roBopHTi Pa^Hn^eBi, 
ceio ucmoAKoeoHiH ne nonuMaw. 

BsBaBOTi H 6jiaroTBopHUfl ^ cyni;ecTBHTejiBHHfl jcificxBii 
xyniH BaA'B t^om^b. Tax's 5o JBHue . nojiyvaiorb o6jierqeHie npH 
nocin^eHiH B08JiK>6jeHHBix'B hmh. ^peBHOCTB coxpaHHJia HaHi 

npHM'ip'B 3a60J['6BaHifl H HCirijeHifl OTI MHCJieHHOCTH. 

Oahh'b lOHoma yMnpaj['B oti HSHeMomeHifl chji'b, h Bpau 
6ii4B 6e8CHJ[BH]ii noxaTB eny noHOiii,B. O^^hhx tojlbbo bs^ BpaneS, 
coeoKynAHH co ceouMZ ucKyccmeoMZ dyxh AfoCoMydpcmeeHuuii, 
cmoAh pfhdKiH ez ccMb coedunemu^ saic'&THjix, ^to lOHoma osHBarB 
npn nocdbn^eHiH CBoeS iiawxH, a no ea yxo^i oqatb o6MnpajrB. 
OteB.'b no coB^Ty Bpaw, xotfHBniaroca QpHsnaHia oti CojiBHoro, 
ycTynsJi cuny seny. H cua% CTani sxpaBi H&iaseB'B. Ecih 
axoTB npHH^px — H3o6p'6TeBie CTHXOTBop^ecKoe, to h xor^ia oh% 
^CTHseBX, n6o JtesHxx bi npe^tjiaxx ecTecTBeaHOCTH '). 

no noBOAy HCi]('6jieHifl CojAdueH 6e8i > BpaqeaaxejihHaix) no- 
^pexcTBa PaAH^esx BOopya^aeTca npoTHBX cyetB^pia, bbji^tbiblto 
Bx TasHX'B cjy^aax'B uydo. Ti^ son paacydunih ne xotbti emm 
se yninrB, HaxoxflTi^ b'b hsx'b BcerAa Hy,B[ecHOCTB, h nrbm 



*) Cxp. 85. 
«) Cip. 86-88. 



— 179 — 
me ftpoeefbineMM^ mthM vydecs (kMhtae^ BOCBJBiiaeirb asxopii^ 

UVh HCTUi CBBrb XYIII B. MHOrifl SOB^bCTH TaKOBIIX% HyA0- 

ean cyTB jiaMBii, ho MHorifl xoryn 6htb fi'^poiTBH. Mhco 

I Mosen jfiimaTB veioB&xa lyiCTBeHHOCTii; OTvero «e Ha^iMBM 

BueqeHifl He Moateera BdieHHTB? Orjiosa Bce 6acHOCJiOBHoe hb!E 

npoHcmeecBiii HSJie^RBmeAcji a^bkh vb Moobb^ nocJii cHorax'6- 

Hifl, qro OHa BHSAopoB&ia 5e8i lesapifl, to npaBjua. npEoacHK^ion 

TO iieieoc|ye(^ci?itfeiiiio^y codi^elciMtio Eooicecmea, t. e. npamueth 

eemecmeeHnoMy ji^9iCiiBOB9aim Ero icoryn^ecTBa. BceBsiniHifi! ycra 

MOH sarpasxeHH naTasoBoe cyn^ecTBa Tboofo yHH^iweHie! He- 

noq>excTBeHHo bto hjih CBepmaeTca npes^ nocpexcvBO, He Bif»io. 

Oho HyAOCHo, h6o Heo^siRHOBeHHO, — ^ho xaB^B 6iitb euy npea'B- 

ecTOCTBeHHy? Bceone, no^iTO nn^y Te^a, csHTaaca? Th bo me^ 

SHBemBl ?yxeca tboh eaceucao B08o6HOBj[aK)TCfl, ho ue uacoda 

sa npedfbJiu ecmeGmeeHHOcmu: vb Hei Th haxx flBefii, — b:b 

HenpejioxHEai h neiipeMi^QHtzxx, nojioseHHUXx To($oh> sasofiax^l 

^EcreCTBeHHOOTB Tboa ecTB nyDcrsi^HoeTB; it6 Th 6a8i Hea, 

BaK'B Vbj!,mh HftMl?^ ^) 



5. BcflR'B oi]](yn^aerB h sHaexi, ?to MficxeHHOCtB nrfijiec- 

HOCTB HaXOi^HTCfl B^ T^CHOMX COnpflSeHiH, H A'i^flCTBifl HX'B BSa- 

HMHu. Ho HeacJ^ ^i-psirh Toicy, ^to nejOB'bR'B MoaseTrB satfHBaTB 

npO CBOH) T%J[eCHOCTB H S^HTB HOHTH HI O^^HOfi Xyni'l '). ^a H HeBCflBIb 

CTOJiB cnJiewb najt'b co6ok), hto6u iipoh8bo;{htb TasyH) ot- 

A'ijieHHOCTB. IIpHH']&pH, 61b BOHX^i. MHCJieHHOCTB fijEeCTBH^a, H 

npeHe6pe2KeHa rijecHOCTB: Kypui'U HHSBepraeTCH bx xjiaCb pas- 
BepscTyfo, OndaM6y Canem BOSJEeTawTi cb Bopa^jflMn, cnjmm 
B'B AnrjEiH, h bcI^, OTiBBmie y ce6fl shshb hs'b npecBmiieHiji 
^K), — Bes^^'bflBHa BjiacTB ;(yniH Ha;^ib t^jomi. %o6HJ[HniHTB ce6fl 



') Cip. 90. 

*) Gxp. 90. Bi saroJOBRt no omH6Rt peA. ^ bh. 6. 

12' 



180 



siisHH, He Buisi HHor^na npe^HH'B ee HeHaBHA^TB,— neysejiB h 
Tyii A^flCTByeT'B oxHa T&iecHOCTB? Hhsto ne noHHHaeTi, Kasi 
cryinieHie cobobx hjih ^(pyrafl norpiiniHOCTb bx aHSHeHHOiii CTpo- 
HTej&CTB:6 MoryTL npHBecTa k'b caMoy6ifiCTBy. Ho Kor^a Ayina 
Bftntaerib T^y: Th — ysH, TeMHHi^i moa, Tepsasie, tii Bocmi- 
n^mB MHi, xon^y xMcTBOBaxB, ^a pyniHTCfl coiosx Ham^b, npocrn 

Ha B'fiBll — CMepTB CO CBOHMB SaJIOMX CTaHOBHTCfl yBeCOJIHTaiB- 

wbe B&bTh jT^xrh ^). Ecjih caMoy5ificTBO, Km% ubtb ewshj 
(noKasercfl BOMy-JiH6o), He Tpe6yeTx hhofo TBepxocxH ;(yxa, to 
BJiacTB xyniH AOsasiiBaeTCfl t^hh, sto ne tojibbo npeHe6perai:B 
CMepTBK), HO He^BCTBHTOJiBHo H jcerso CHOCHJi'B xy^ems H Tep- 
sanifl. TaBi AMepociii {Sepmuch-EaMencKiii) yunpajTB no;(B oo- 
BTopaeMHMH yxapaME pasxapenHofi MockobckoS Hepnn; rjiaroJi 
npaBoxnaro 6hji%: ^rocno^^H, OTnycTH hmb: a^v^jworh 60, ^t5 
TBOpsTx!^ ') EopneAiH deBumtm n^fijii Fopai^ieBy sienB cpexH 
(SyHTyiDii^efi AMCTepxaiccBofi nepHH. My^eHHSH h ;i;HBie, CM^iaiitieca 
cpe^^n Tepsanifi — ecjcH ne BJiacTB xyniH TyrB asna, to r^i xe 
ona 6I1TB Hoseii? Pgcco cpe^n Coji'^snefi nenpecTaEHnxB na- 
HHcaJii MHorifl hsb cbohxi 6e3CMepmHbixh co^HHeHlfi. MendtMr 
com^ cxpa^^aBmiS otb HecBasannHfl cjia6ocTH nepBOBB, Hanpa- 
seniexB mhcjih ensjd wh CTapocTH BOdneccfl Ba BHCOTy CBoei 
iDHOCTH. ra/peCy He iiormiS ^ojiroe Bpeiffl he HSTaxB, he HEcaiB 
(;^ase HHCJieHie 6iuo eiiy TflrocTHo), cocTaBEJiB cboh nsflH^Hm 
npHiffiHaHifl Ha I],Ei^epoHa; botb ero cjOBa: „5jKarocjiOBeHHa 6fAH 
H canafl Heiion^b 6oji:68HyK)n^aro xy^^) tojebo lacxo xeHa ea- 
ynaBmafl, cbojib ^Th najcB t^jioxi BOSMoraeTi!^ HanpaseHie 
xyzoBHofi CEJiii MOserB noxspiinHTB pa8CJ[a6jeHHoe t^jio hwr 
eny noByio sebhb; caxaa Coj^shb, ecooi ne npeBiimaerB iiipHy 



*) Cip. 92. 
•) Crp. 92-M. 



— 181 — 

iixavh oTi npoAOJia£aK)i£(arocfl oxnopcTByioii^ifl eft xyiQH Tep- 
aj^Hifl. MscjcB, BCK> Ayniy HcnoJiHEBmafl, OTTopraexi MHCJieH- 
HOCTB OTh rtjEecHOCTH. ^eJOB^si, 3a6iiBafl Bce spHHoe n vyB- 
<!TByeMoe, satfneafl caM% ce6fl, Hecercfl b'b CTpany MscjceHHyH): 
speMJi n npocTpaHCTBO HcqesaiOTi, owh coRpymaeTE Bcb npe- 
f^xHy — H saHecmeMy Hory b^ b'I^hhoctb BceieHHafl yse T^cna ^)! 



*) Cip. 94. 



XpncTiaH'B Fapee (Garve) pox. bi& BpeciaBJ'6 7 ahb. 
1742 r., yiiepi bi ho^ Ha 1 ;i;eRa6pfl 1798 r. Bhbx npo^eccopoMs 
^RJioco^iE npH Jleflm^nrcBem^ y nm o pfiHM T^ h o^^hhmi SB's npex- 
craBHTeJiefi ^nonyjuipHoS^ ^HJOCO^iHBi FepMaHiH, Fapse cjaBHiCA, 
KaBi HopajEHcrB, ncHXOJior'B h hctophbi^ ^hjoco^Ih. HacicepT- 
HOM'B ojijp'b OB'S Hanncajix ^TpaBTax'BOTepn'j&HiH^, ciHTaioiiuScfl 
ero JiyHinHMi npoH3BeA6HieHi>. IIo nopyneHiH) ^pn^pHxa I-ro 
nepesejix ex npHM'^^^aniflMH — I],Hi^epOHa De officiis. IlepeBO^cs bq- 
meji'B Bx BpecjcaBJii bx 1781 r. nox'B sarjiaBiex'B Abhandlong 
liber die Pflichten in drei BOchern, aus dem Lateinischen des 
M. T. Cicero ttbersetzt von Christian Garve; V-e Hs^^anie— 
TaM!B ace, 1801. npEMinaHifl hm'^botx vacTBH) noHCHHTejiLHid, 
TOCTBH) xonoJiHHTejiBHEifl xapaBTep'B. nepe^eHB ero Tpy^^oBi h era- 
xefi HMiexca y M e u s e 1, IV t., mfi. 1804 r. (1750 — 1800) cip. 22 h 
xajiie — 27. FapBe BHCTynajoLx, xasi bphthbi Raaxa, h ynpesaxB 
ero B'E HeffocTaTO^HoS achocth npH pasBHiiH H^^efi, Tr6, no era 
MH^HiK), 6wio He TOABO HecoBepmeHCTBOtfi BH'bniHefi $opMn, 
HO H cyn^ecTBeHHiiMi HOAOCTaTBOM'B caMoro HnnijflEeHifl. IIh- 
caiTB FapBe onenB mhopo n bi pasjiHHHiixi o6iacTflxx. Ilpe- 
BpacHafl (iiorpa^i fl ero, cocxaBJieHHafl Heinrich DOrin g'om, 
naxoxHTCfl Bx Allg. Enc. von Ersch n. Grnber, I. S., 54 t., 
cip. 90 — 121 (1852 r.). niHJMepx hocbatexx FapBednHrpamfy: 
(156 Bcenifl bx Musenalmanach 1797 r.). 

Hor'ich „ fiber Geduld^ dich, edier Leidender, reden, 

0, wie wird mir das Yolk frOmmelnder Schwfttzer verhasstl 



— 183 — 

Pa^Hii^eB'B, HecoxH^HHO, spHHa^^jEeauun R'B HHCJiy cjiymare- 
leS Fapse, BoropHfi 6ujii HasHaqeH'B (no sam^Hrb XHCcepTaiuH 
De ratione scribendi historiam philosophiae) b% 1768 r. 
aKCTpaopAHHapHiufi npo^^eccopoMx ^vlzoco^ie ea if^^CTO Fej- 
Jiepra (HHTaBmaro noasiH) HpHTopHsy, HOBasaBmaro rpoMaAHoe 
BiiflHie Ha PaAHn^esa) ^). Fapse ocraBajiCfl na CBoeiii nocry 
He;toj[ro. Yse bi 1770 r. ohi Binnej'B b% orcTaBBy no 6o* 
lisHH, BOTopaa npecjiixoBajia ero bmotb ;^o CMepTH; npenoxa- 
Ban FapBejEorHBy — ^no Ernesti, Instit. doctrinae solid., Ma- 
TeMaxEBy, peTopHsy, axHBy h pa86Hpaji coHiraeHifl I(HitepoHa. 

]Ifi nocji'fiAHHZ'B xBeH FapBe patfoTajii na^'B coHHneHieMi 
„0&h oxiSHOHecTB^^; CMepib npepBajia ero HarjiaB'b „06^ oxh- 

HO^eCTBi 60XbE0V0^. 

B'b ^HJioco^in Fapse 6uz'h uocJvbjtOB&Teiewh JIoBBa. ^o 
BOtBieHia RaBTa onrs c^ntajicfl BH'fecT^ ci MenxejibconoirB ca- 

XltMrE H8BiCTHHM'& j^HJIOCO^OMl. B'B npOTOB0nOJI02RH0CTB BaHTOB- 

i^aH^ owh nasHBaerB ceOa „nonyjuipHHirB ^hjioco^omx'', »npo- 
nwixHHBoiFB o($iDieYejiOB'6'9ecBaro cHticjia*. Fapse, BaB% ac- 
ceHcrB, xorij'B 6un niMeufiEWh Dmomi. Oh!B BtiAaBajcji h BaBv 
BpHTVB'B vBiiniiBHrB npoHSBexenifl, ne rjmjs^hJiea nomTWiecKo^ 
aBOHOMiH (nepesen Alalia CifHca), TpasTgsaji'B o6'b o6n^CTBeH- 
Biix'B Bonpocan, h BaBi ^^E3ioco^% ;uifl cbj^tb^, hm^^jii sea- 
4eHie b% jsfbjti oeBbjflUMEis „6ojiBmoit nyCji^cR^ c^ OTBJte^e®^ 

HHMH BOnpOCaMB. 



^) CyxoMJiHHOBi, crp. 548, 549. 



K H H r a IV. 

B% npej^mecTByioiAHxi RHnraxx Paxan^eBx npHBOji, no 
ero MH^Hiio, „Bce, nrb BibpoflTHHMx o6pa80M:L b^ samnn^eHie 
fiescMepxifl ^yniH csasaTB moxho". Cboh fflBO ji,u owh pasA^jfl- 
erh Ha 3 rpyanti M. 

JiflBOAu nepeaio po^a 6£ijih exHHCTBeHHO jiiemaj)l?u^f^«ieme, 
no^epnayTiie hs'b cyn^ecTBa Ben^efi: eenpepHBHUMX nocjii^ACT- 
sieMi nocu^OBi, poa&AaH)iii;nxcfl o^ea hsi ;^pyrofi, ohh noBasajiH, 
HTO 93 Macs cyutecmeo MUMHu^ee ecTB nj^ocmoe a« ne CMxmnoe^ 
a noTOMy Hepaa|?j/wujiioe, cjiib^^OBaTeiBHO, (^dc^fepmnoe, h ito 
OHO He Mooicerm 6umh dthUcmeieMz CAOOtceuin uatueio mthJia^ 

CBOJIB 6£I OHO HH 6hJ0 HCByCCTBeHHO ^). 

Bmopue ^oboah ocHOBUBaJHCB Ha ABCXBeHHOfi eocxoda^eA 
nocmeneHuocmu ecn>xh HSBftcxHiixi naifB cyufecmez. BoaiAorie 
ceft 4i&cmtft^t^t»f, spHMofi Bi TBopeHiH, HeAoefhKb coeepmeHHtte 
Bcixx seMHuxi cjioxenifi ji opraHHsai^ifi: bx neifB abho mihc- 
Hsmcn eo eduuo ectb ecmecmeennun ciMit, ho ecmh u ev^e odua 
cuAQj omAUHHan omz ectbo^ ecmecmeeHHuxb cejit^ ^). OTCfo^a x'i^- 
jiain B'^poflTHoe 3aKJiK>qeHie^ ?to neJiOBisi no padpymeniH T^ja 



*) Cip. 97. 

*) Cm. BHffle, CTp. 147—161. 

^) Cm. Bunie, cip. 161—166. 



— 185 — 

Cfioero, He Moserx HaqToasecTBOBaTB: h6o, e<MH ueeoaMOoicHO a 
caHO Bi ce6i npoTHeyp'bHyii^ee, HTo6ii fcaKan-AiiSo cuAa n npur 
podtb tu^HsaoAa, to MUCAenHOcmh^ nomopoH npeeocxodurbe u co- 
eqmeunne ecnxs ecmecm$eHHUx^ cuaz^ He iioaieTx HCHesByTB. 

TpemMW poxa aoboah, saHMciBOBaHHiie hsx Hamefi vyB- 

CTBeHHOCTH, H81 HECB CailHZ'B^ TaBOB£I, qXO MUCAeUHOLH CHJia Om- 

jit^i^Ma 0TB HyecmeeHHOcmUj h xota ona nojynaeT'B set cboh noHflTia 
OTx HyBCTBii, ho BOSMoraeTi meopiimh uaetM — cjiosHEia, omeAe* 
HeuHUHj wo ona eMcmeyemz Ha;^T> noHATiflMH (BOssBiBafl hxi na 

XiflCTBHTeJIBBOCTB, HJIH yCTpeMJIflflCfl KX e^HHOfi (?), ^TO B% CJLJ^ 

HaflHOM'B OTBJieveHiH oxx rbjia MucjeHHOCXB ne aaSueaetm meo- 
pumeMuyio cbok) CHjy (bo ch^ h h^kotopbixi 6oji^SEax'h)j hto 
coHemauie udeH cxA'bTCTBa, ptbuh nama h (na^eBcero) iiBCTBeH- 
Hoe Hatue o ceCtb noananie cyxB yC'bzcHTejiBHUfl j^oBasaxeJiBCTBa, 
HTo MucjeHHocTB He ecTB flBJienie TijiecHOCTH hjih ^) ^(McTBie 
fiamero cjosenifl). 

HaBoeei^x, ji,B,6hi oTpasHTB xoth 3H6j[fln]ieecfl, ho sasHCToe 
AORasaTejiBCTBO o BceBJiacxBOBamn T'i^Jia naAi xymofi, hu noxa- 
sajiH, ^TO BJiacTB ;(yiiiH Hax'B T'ibjcoMX onyH) ropasjBio npeBBuna- 
eri ^). IIpHM'JbpaMH h3:b emeAHeBHHXx ohutobx HeocnopHMO 

yTBepAHlH, 4T0 MBECJieHHOCTB eCTB BOpeHB H BHHa BCbx^h ABH- 

xenifi xliJtecflBixi, h6o bi nefi hctohhhr'b ABHJseHifl (ne hoskho 

JH CBaSaTB, HCTOHHHKX SH8HB?); Bl HeJOBiK*]^ MBlCJieHHOCTB BJEa- 

CTByei'B HaA'B sejiaHiflMH h cxpacTflMH, BOSMoraexx a^tb rbjij 
6oj[i3HB, BApanie e caMyto CMepxB. Hanpfl^enie MHCJieHHOCTH 
OTEJiexaeTi ee ot'b xijecHOCTH, j^aexi Tijiy upeoAOJL'bBa.Th Tpy;^•B 

H 60JI%3Hn. 

YTBep^^HBX HepaspymnMOCTB Aynra, ^^epBHeicB no;^xflTH na 
caMyK) uhJL'bUmyjo ]q}o6h Tflacejyio BaB'icy fiy^yn^aro, nocTapa- 



^) Bi noAJiHHHflRt omH6Ka: na (hh?) A^bMcTBie. GTp. 99. Cm. Bume, crp. 
166—172 H 174. 

*) Cm. Bume, cip. 175—181. 



186 



eM6fl npe^ysHaTB (xoii 6u npexHyBCTBasaTB), tT6 MO»eTa& 5flTE sa 
npeA^jtaMH mdd#d ^). Xots 8to pascysj^enie h cuesuo Booi^a* 
aceHiiD, HO a^op'^ xo^eirb jjroBitTB ero h aor^^ bo ei^Jti^ bi 
pajoBamH — ^Menra jh to 6y;(eTi, hjh HCTHflHocfB; ^co^Jtasfltfieit 
ctb BaMH Bor;i;a-jin6o uwb ecTb patt. JleTE xyiDA) »aatxyii^afl bh- 
ARTE Apy9eff MOBfi'B, jiexH BO cp'^Tefiie n cauoMy chobex^hik): 
vh neu% (SjiameHCTBO TBoe, b% nen% 2r&8hb^! 

EcTB ipH B03M0SH0CTH ^ojsoB'&^ecBaro tiiiTifl no cuepiH: 

1) Hjh fl 6y;i;y manoe otce cymecTBO, KaKoe ecMB, t. e. 
MOfl Ayma, oTA'bJiHBinHCB otb T'fajra, naxH npeH^eTX ii ommnLrt. 
dpy%6e mrhAO^ 

2) HJiH cocTOflHie Moefi Aymn tfy/^ex'B xyotce^ t. e. ona oacH- 
BHTi cyn^ecTBO hViOichhio po^a: SB'bpfl, nxnniy, HacJ^BOMoe, 

3) HJEH MOfl ^tyma, OT^^'ljEeHnafl ciiepTBH) orx T^Jia, npeft-- 
xeTE Bi> ./ij^meey conepmeHHiftmee cooTOflnie '). 

Q;[HO H3Ti Tpexi 6htb ;coji»eHCTByeT'B, ecjiH mh y;^0CT0Bi- 
pHMCfl, ^TO Mucjifln^aji H lyscTByioii^afl wh nacx cnjia ne HCqes- 
Hexi, 

^OTBepiofi B03M0SH0CTH BOo6pa3HTB HeMO^Ho, ^ero 6k he 
HacTpoHJo Boo6pameHie. 

Bcb 3 B03M02SH0CTE no^tsp^tiJifleMn ;(OBo;(aMH, oh^ Hifl^JiH e 

HM'^IOTO^ nOCJI^AOBaTeJiefi. Pa3CM0TpflM'B HX'B OCHOBaieJIBHOCTB H 

noHn^eMi ecJE He oieBEj^HOCXE, to xota B-fipoflTHOCTE, yfiisA^ 
Hifl. EcjiE 3a6j[y;i[Hj[ECB, mu 6y;tei^i ^octoShu co2saj[']^Hifl, ho ho 
HaBasanifl, e6o nn^eifi ecthhh co pBemeiii: e HejiEii;eMipHO. 

^jifl yAOCTOB^penifl bo^ tomx, ^to kto-j[e6o ebi j[H)Aeft 
6iiBajii y»e ^ojiob'^bomx (hoai j^yrEifB o6pa30Mx) ejie SB^peirs 



>) Cip. 100. 
>) dp 101. 



— 187 — 

B T. n., HysHO 611JO 611 jiCHoe tomx BOcnoMHHaHie, lacra 
noBTopaeiioe, Tasx csasaxB, o^vTUTejibHoe. Brb bexj tofo, ^0 
CBEgbrejihcrm mofjih 6ei 6citl oeHosaHEi Ha npe;(y6iacxeHiflx% 
iJH Bsiroxaxi, TO b cothii hx'b HeMoaRen cjysHTB lOBasarejiB- 

CTBOHl. 

Bci cie MHiHifl He sacjiysHsaiorL onposepseHiii: hx% mosho^ 

TOJBKO paSCMaTpflSaTB pajlE JH)60IUlTCTBa. 

ApeBHie rHHBOCO^HCTH, EpaSMaHU H HUH^HIHie BpaMHHU 

FOBoparB, iTo sa xo6piifl ^ijia ;iyiiia no CMepTE nepecejseTca 
BB OBi^y, B'B BopoBy HjiH cjosa 6tjaro, a bi BOSMesffie sa sjo— 
Bi CBHHBH), THrpa H T. ]i,. ^peBHie erHHTflHe BrB CHJiy TOFO «e 

BipOBaHia CoaiHCB yfiHBaTB aiHBOTHUX'B, ]i^6u HO y6HTB cBoepo 

OTi^a HjiH HaxB, HjiH He dfbemh um ez mwpfb. 

Ctojib se p']k8B0 OTSHBaeTCfl PaABn^eB'B e „ApyrEXi bei- 
MuiHJieHiflx^*', n^peAHflX'B o;^Horo CBoficTBa^, Tapxapi, hojisx'b 
EjiBcetcKHxrB, ryptflXT., pa^ ReJiBTOB'B, vji^i obe ^aflJiE numh 
mteo Eai lepenoB'B cbohxos Benpiflxejiefi b t. n. Cnpocu pyccfcato 
npocmOAwduua: ^MKorB (Jy^erB a^^t?" — ^flsHK'BH'feirfceT'B**, CKa- 

m&T'h OB'B BX OTBiTl, ^OffdCMZ CUdfbmh Bl BBBBHefi B'B BOTJif 
CMOa'i^ ^). 

Pa3HEn;a tojibko xa, hto oaho ^pyroro nejiiiAe. IIt>CHOT- 
pBTB KapTBHy CTpaBiHaro cy^a — Be MuxauAa AuotceAH^ — ^ho 
npo;iaBaeMyK> B'B MocBB'ik aa CnaccnoM^ Mocmy: Be omHtfexecH 
vb CBoeifB saBJEio^eBiE; pacnpocrpaBflfire ero Ba bcS Hdotfpajse* 
Bifl xy^^naro nojroseBiJi AyniE no CMepiE. 

npaBjiOnoAo6ie xoMy, tto po»AaH)ni;iecE jhoahl y»e 6HBaJiE 
^eJiOB'i^KaME, BaxowTi vb tomi oficToaTejitCTBi, Sy^TO bc- 
jEKie MyjBE (BOoCn^e p'bjCBie) ^os&^^jotcsl se no oaebo^b'!, a 
Bas6H BOcxpecaiOT'B ot'b cna e Mpasa — bo MBoa^ecTBt '). 



») GTp. 103. 
•) Cip. 104. 



„ 188 -" 
EcjEH 6u npoH3BeAeHie BejiHsaro Myxa 6ujlo A<ifl npnpoAH 

06£IBH0BeHHUMl ;('&JOM'B, TO MOMeHT'B erO QOflBJEeHifl 6ujth 6u 

fieBpasJiHieHii. Ho mecxBie ea ne lasoBo: BejHRifi poj^HTca ne 
OAHH'b, a HM'i^eT'B MHornxi conyxBHROBi. H saE'B se HHa^e? 
Ohk poxflTCfl Ha B03o6H06JieHie ocjia^'bBaion^Bxi npysiiiH'B Hpas- 
CTBeHHaro Mipa, ea npo6ysAeHie pasyiia, na o»BBjieHie Ao6po- 
jsfkTejLu. Tasi seiiJieTpflceHie c^HTaioTB eyaiHHM'B A'&ficTsieM'B ^). 

BejiHsie jeioah, Moryn^ecTBeHHRe pmars HpaBCTBeHHOCTH, 
npHBOAflTE jijmj Bi 6;iaroe coTpjiceHie. He npHJiexame, HHcra* 
panie, he BOcnHTaHie ne js.ijLSkJOiiy BeJHKHMi, ho npHpo^a — Bpos- 
AesHUMi HyBCTBOBaflieMX hjh BH'6inHHMi 6yAT0 BAOXHOBeHieMO^. Ha 
npoHBBeAeHie BejiHsaro Mysa (ecjiH BcnoMHHTB, juucb thxo noABH- 
raexcfl ynenie), nosajyfi, He XBaTHTi eAHnaro shtIa, a HysHii mho- 
rifl; B'6poflTHO sasjiiOHHTL, hto BejiHBifi Mysx He ecib EOBoe npoHSBe- 
jienie npepoAH, ho nasH fiuiie, npesHSfl MucjieHHOCTB, o6;ieieHHa2 
b:b HOBEie noRpOBu. HpEM'J^pH H HCTopHHecKia BocnoMHHania o npes- 
HeMO^fiuTiH: Ilueaiopz^ ApxiH^ AnoAAoniH TiaueUcKiH. Ecjlh6h 
HavABMy eimy aio ne 6uj[0 nocMtbAAUu^eMdy to MHorie h Teneps 
TOMi xe saflBHJiu 6u. ^a ne zuijun jkh MHorie h3X eacx na- 
HOMHHOBeHifl, ROTopoe He BHaeMi TA'k BRJienTB Bi xenenie CBoeft 

SH3HH? He BCTpinaJH JIH Wh Ha^aJIBHIie AHH SHTifl MM JllDJ^ei 

H wkcT'b, RaR^H yse b3B'6cth£ix'b Haii^B, xoTfl MBi HXi ne 
BHaeiix? OTRy^a 3to? He h3i npesnifl ahl ;KE3Hn? HeoxToroJiH 

OHH CTOJB pa^OCTHU? HpEJl'llLieHHOMy HpeSl M']^py RX T^^JieCHOCTH 

TpyAHO Ae OTToprnyTBCfl on nea, ho ynpasHflion^BMCfl wh CMHpeH- 
HOMy^tpiH H MEicjieHHOCTH TaRifl BocnoMHHaHifl Mory Ti 6uTB jier^e. 
BoTi RaRi CTapaiOTCfl a^tb bhab npaBAonoAOdia nejiinocTH h 
CM'fixoTBopHOMy — BasHOCTB ^). HoxoChbui Ha;(yTSfl AORasaTejBCTBa 
e^Ba JLn Hys^aioTCfl bi onpoBepseniH. 



^) Gip. 105. OmHORa peAaRi^iH— j^pasa paadHia: «3eHjreTpHceHie c. h. a. 
(TOHKa H HOBafl cTpoRa). EcTecTBeHHaro cTpoHTejbCTBa sa B03o6HOBjieHie ycun* 
jifliomHXCfl CHJii npHpoAii». GMLicJiib oojiyHaeTCH JiHinb npi B03CoeAnHeHii <t>pa3ii' 

«) Cip. 107. 



— 189 — 

Uueatoptf^ yTBepsjtaBmeify nepecejieHie j^ymi, naxotfHO' 
(hio npH3isaTB bi ce6'b Ee0op6iH. Ho MNHn» ycnnaou paacydna 
MucjiHTL sacraBJfliOT'b, ^TO ecHKoe Hydo ecnvb ocMfMuie BceehnauAio 
M(mmecmea^ h tto ecHKtii HydodrMmeAb ectnh OotoxyAhuufcs ^)- 
Bon AJifl ^ero meedeMopn noHumaemcn epaACMZy a Ceuz-Xep- 
Meub^ yxBepxAftBinifi 6e3CMepTHOCTB bi tinl^ CBoeiii, ecib offjwafi- 
t^a^^. B'b ^eHi cocTOHTi Heo6xoxnMOCTB npepoasAema BejEKaro 
xysa? ToTi, bto MoaceTi npoHSBecTH BejHRaro Hyssa, Moasexi 
npoHSBecTK ero h cpasy, a bi 2 pasa. IIo CBHA'bTejibCTBy HCTopiff, 
o6cTOflTeJiBCTBa 6uBaH)Ti cjiyiaeMi na pa3BepiReHie BejifiEEHXi ^^apo'- 
Baeifi, HO apHpo^a HHSorAa He KOCwheT'h na npoH3Be;teHie bx%. 
AACKcandpz, He 6yAB ohi i^apB vh FpeaiE, 6ujL'h 6u m. 6. Eapmymz. 
Jumucz, CmeuhKa Pamm bi ^tpyrnxi nojoseHijixi 6ujlvl 6u 
He TO, H^Mi (SiiJH. EpoMeeM Bx T-ficHofi ORpyr'i MOHamecsifl 

XH8HH npOCJIUJl 6U fieSnOKOfiHKTM'B SaX'i^fiHHKOM'B H laCTO 611^1 

6h 6hti mejienaMH. (P/mojpt^rra II He Ha npecTOjr'6 ociajECfl 611 

Bl TOJini nOCpeACTBeHHBIXl CTHXOnJieTqHROB'B. 06CT0flTejlbCTBa 

xi^JtafOTi Bejinsaro Hyaca. 

^To po;i;HTCJi MHoro BejinsHj'B Bjipyrrb, — ecTecTBenno, xom 
ecTb H p^Asifl HBXflTifl. P'i^ABO BOSMoraerB sto-j[h6o BOsnecTncji 
npeBSime csoero BpeMenn h cbohxi OBpymnocTett. YroTOBjeHifl Aft 
(JyAex'B M'icTO na pasBepsenie, BOCBJai^aeTx Pa^^Hn^eBi! BejiEKia 
Ajmn BjresyTCfl Hsj^ajeBa, h ;^a ABHTca Ewmom^ naAJtesajio, Aft 
npe;^fflecTByeTl KetiAepb. PasyM^ HejofOB^qecKift no;io6eHi ejiesTps- 
HecTsy — HJiH Hcsp'fi, naAineft na ropa^ee Ben^ecTBO h npoHSBO- 
AflH^efi oosapi Bejift. E;(Ba o^Bm> bobmofi, ocMtbAUACSy depauyM 
U3Mniucs Hsi TOJinu, RajCB BCfl OBpecTHOCTb corp'^Baeicfl, h aso 

SeJI']&8HlIfl nUJlHHBH JieTflTO^ npHJ['£nHTHCfl B'B MOn^HOMy MarHHTy. 

Ho HyatHH o6cTOflTej[BCTBa, Hysno hxi nofiopcxBie, — a (Jesx 
Toro: loiam Pycb HBXBrxaeTi bo nJiaMeHH, FaAUAeU BJieqeTca bi 
TeKHHUiy, ^py^^ eamz ei JBLmMcm aamoHaemcs '). Ho BpeMji, m'6cto, 



») Crp. 108. 

') Crp. ilO. MftcTO xapaRTepHoe ajia jihhocti PaAimeaa. Ohi xopomo 
co3HaBajrb SHaneHie CAtJiaHHaro iminocTynKa i nocjitAyiDniei ynacTi. 



— 190 — 

yroTOBJieHie OT'BeMJreTx Bci npenoHH. JLymeph^ JlexapuM CTano- 
BflTCfl upeofipt^BaiejiH. EjieRTp'B ^^ymn, BospoAflCfl, BSJHBaercfl 

BO BCi OBpeCTHOCTH E CTpeMKTCfl, DOAO^HO SH^KOCTfllfB, Bl 

ypaBaeHHOCTB h paBHOBiciia. 

Toiqe H aycTO ;(0Ka3aTeJii>CTB0 (yvb BBA^HHaro aso6h bi 
upea&HeM'L 6iiTin. HanoMHHOBeHie npoHCxoAHTx on BBxtHHuxi, bo 
noAofiHnxi Beniefi, a He on t^xi se caMuxa^, — nocsoj^icy bc^ do^bb- 
lifl npoHCxoj^flT'B OTs ^yBCTBi. CoHOTaHie MucjieB TaBi se HjieTi 
Ha flBy, Basi e bo ch'&, tojclbo pascyAOsi ocTaHaBJiaeTx ypoAJH- 
Boe co^eranie. AecjH BAaxbCB Boodpaseniio, tobc^ nyAecHOCTH 
HefiiiBaaaro Ejidopodu Cy^tyTi CRopo AtficTBHTeJiBHii. Ta xjd 
CHJia (5yAT0 6&i HaaoHHHaiomafl), co^eiaa bo ejsjARO, no ^ac- 
TBHi — MOfJia npoHBBecTH ApMudtfj cojiHtiniEEHa pjiiAapfl H Bl 

nOTepiTHHOJ} pafi *) BM'J&CTHTb BCfi HBAII^HOCTH H BCk BBJlinOCTH. 

Rto ea BBy ccujaexcfl sa Boo6pameHie, toti b'b onacHOCTB, 
HTO CKopo safipeAHTt. 

HTaKi, 8TH ;^Ba npeACTaBJieeifl o nocMepiHOM^ nameMi 
6iiTiH cyxB npoHSBeAeeiB ;i;'JbTCTBa (hjih apbxjiocth) ^eJiOB'^^^ecsaro 
pascyiBAeHifl: oxHsaBO neji'lno xyMaTB, hto no boh^hh*]^ a 6yxy 

CfbAUH CAOmj K9LK'h HOBUfi ^UHlUCh^ EBpOHU saBoeBaTejib (?). 

TpexbB BOSHosHOCTb, <iTO cocTOflsie Hame no CMepTH 
XOJi»HO yxofipHTBCfl, yace HH^ja if eorie aoboxh; ?to6u yTBepxHTS 
ee, Bofixem en^e bx noxpo6HOCTn. Ecjh 8to — 6jiy2£xeHie, to h 
OHO yx'JbmaeTi aBTopa, noxafl eaxejKxy coexBHHTSCH c% bo8jk>- 
fiiieHBUMH. 3x0, KaBfifii npHBjeKaxejibHoe nos'^cxBOBaHie, oxroHBerb 
xase xi^Hb nenajibQaro, BJie^exi Boofipasenie h cepxi^e B'b 
i^apcxBO (jfe^TaHifi, ho) necejiifi h yxix'B. 

Mbi noHETaoM'b AOsaBaHHUMi x<ifl nacx, ?xo B'b npHpo^^ 
cyq^ecxByexi BBHaa nocxeneBHOCXb, x. e. oxho cyuiecxBO xpyroro 
coBepmeHH'i^e, HcsyccxBeHHie B'b cJiojBeBiH, a <i6^qb'&K'b bc^x'b 
npeBumaexi CBoeio opr^^HHsai^ieH), B^bKoropofi coexHBeHH MHorui 



') Crp. 112. UHtiDTCfl Bi BHAj npoiBBeAeHifl Taeca i Hwamtma, HO^ 
.peAaiKuifl.Be oTHtTHjia. 



191 



CH^H, a HaHnane — yMCTaeHHaa; BOcnHTaHie yrotfsaex^B smepHT'E 
€mooo6fiK)CTH, a HCTopia j^hti, rojehko HapoAH fi'B o6n^eMi CBoeMx 
pasyii'b coBepmefiCTByBOTi. 

npHpOJia, J[H)AH H BeiQH — BOCQHTaTeiSH <[6JI0BtBa; RJEHMail, 

MicTHoe ii04O3(eHie, npaBJeeie, o6cTOflTej[BCT3a — BOcaHxaxeja 
HapoAOB^b ^)« Ho aa^aiiiHufi cnoco^cxBOBaTeaB ycoBepmeHCXBO- 
Baaifl ecxb pwib» ^ana jih ona Ham, hjih caHBHs HaMH Hsofipt- 
lefla? BC6 papHO CKaaaxb: Bora eay^BJn aaci roBopHXB — hjih: 
xaB^B opraBH p'j^^n, Ob's se Aft-n^ h cnocofiHoexb roBopaxb. 
Hh^xo fie sasexcfl aaM^b cxojb npocxo h o6aKHOBeHHO, 
saBO^ p^MB, — a Ha caMOMi x^Ji'b— Htx:b HH^ero cxojb ^yABCHaro. 
PaAOCTb n nenajib, xepsaaie imiiOTii SBysn )i,jksi HS'baaseEk, ho 
noApaacanie hm'b npHBOJio si HSodptxefiiK) ho p^hh, — a iiyauRn. 
IIponsBOJbHbifi SByBi (ABHsefiie Bos^yxa) Hsofipasaexi h xo, 
1x6 rjiaaib bbahxi, e xo, ix5 cjhdihxi yxo, 1x6 BEymaexi hsiibi, 
o6oHflexi HOCby BC'b ocflsaHia x^jia, bc]^ Hamn lyBCXBOBaHia , 
x;xpacxH, BCSKyio muc^; BsyBx, caMi bb ced*]^ HHnero ne SHaHy- 
n^iif 9 Mosexi Bosfiys^axb mucjih h sapxEHu. BpeMB, npocxpafiCXBo, 
XBepAOCXB, o^pasi, i^b^xb, bc^ Ka<iecxBa t^ai^ ABEiseHie, seshb^ 
hci A^flHifl, GJioBOMi Bce... E xu, Bce^e^pbifi, BcecEJBHbifi 
J^apoBaxeaB, He BBBeiiieiii! — Bce npeo6pa3ye]iB bb jiaioe abh 
senie B09Ayxa; aB£ h'J&bIhu'b BO^xBOBaHieMi, sByxi ^ nocxaBjieHB 
Ha Aicw Bcero cyu^aro, Bcero BOBMosHaro: Becb iiipi daBJio- 
^ewh Bi Maiofi qacxHi^']^ BOSAyxa, na ycxaxi HaniHxi bu^jik)- 
n^aroc^. jiio6HxeiH lyAecb, BHeMjHxe apoHBHeceHBOMy cjiOBy — 
Bame yAHBJieHie ne dy^exi HpeBHl^pHii&f'b! qyAecHo: bxo BOBBBajiT 
lejiOB^Ba H3B Ae6pefi b'b o6n^e2itnxiH), sxo ycxpoEJ'b hxb cok)3i>. 
npaBjenie, saKOHu, sxo Hayiejn rHymaxbca noposa e coxBopHjii. 
4K)<Se^H,yiD AO^^poA^xejiB? — PiiB, Cjiobo! 



*) Crp. 114. 
«> Ctp. 116. 



— 192 — 

BeS'h P'&MH OH'blf'bjafl HyBCTBHTej&HOCTk H OCTaHOBHBmaJiCJl 

icucjeHHOCTB npe6iiJiH 6ii nex'i^ficTByioii^E, nojyiiepTBii. Exna 
nejOB'^K'b HspeKi cjobo e^HHoe h otfpaB'E Ben^n npeBpaTHJii bi 
SBJK'B, SByBi cA'bjiaj'B MHCJriH), HJiH MHCJis npeo6pa3Hj['B Bl 
^epTOHOCBoe jreneTanie, — KaBx 6y;^To epefjn rycrifimefi mmh 
BHcnaji^aeTi TeiiHora, o^h spaTi achoctb, yms cjiiimaT'B 6jia- 
rorjacie, ^yBCTBCHHOCTB ;cpoaHT%, mucjib ^tiflcTByer-B — h ce obi 
MOxeTi y2se nocTHraTB, ^t5 ectheeo, 9t5 jiosbo. Boto^ cja6oe 
H3o6paseflie ^yjtecB, npoHSBeAenBux'B p'bqiio. Pa;(Hn;eBy Basyxcji 
BecBHa rj[y6oROMucjeBHiiME ajijeropiH t^x'b napoAOBi, koh 
npe;tCTaBJiflK)T'B nepByio npHHSHy BCJiieCBaro Cutis — npoHSBexmee 
Cjiobo, KOTopoe paa/cbJiEJO cthxIh h Hipi ycTpoHJio. Ecjih cjiobo 
B'b ^eJLOBiKi qyjiecBO, to ito B08Mo;BeTi p-fi^B IXpexB'^HBaro, 
Basofi es oprani, saBoe sBaneBie? ^) 

Ho p^iB, ara nama ^oacecTBeflHocTB, ctojb jeTyia, ^to 
HecoBepmeflB'fie, 6penwbe coiosa Me»;(y jiiojcbmh HeJBSJi ce^ 
npe;(CTaBHTB. IIpaBjita, jyninee cpe;^CTB0 6ujio 6a Bume qejiosi- 
^ecTBa, TflroTHJio 6a ero. P^hb HspaasaeTi tojibbo HMena, a ae 
Ben^H, a noxoHy lejiOBd^^ecsiS pasyiix He aosHaerB Ben^eif, a 

HM^eTl HBXl TOJIBBO BBaMeHifl, BOTOpilll Ha^epTUBaeTX CIO- 

BaHH. Bcfl ^ejroB'J^Hecsaa aayBa ecTB H8o6paseBie sHaiieHifi Ben^et, 
pocBHCB cJOBi. B^XB ^u He SBaeifi (^a HHyBCTFB nanocTHse- 
nie cero Be HM'^eMi) hh BHyTpeflHflro cyn^ecTBa Ben^eS, be ^t6^ 
CEJiH 61 ce6^^ HE BaBi flfbiciBiewh (sic) cjiij^yerb £3% npE^EBii. 
^eiOB^Bi, Bor^a BOsropxEmBCfl na^e M^pii, noMscjE, tto 
HayBa, qjioa'b p^he, ecTB co6paHie pasjiEqaHxa^ SByBOBi, — e 

yCMEpECfl! *) 

Ecj[E sBysE npoESBOJiBHn, TO, BBaHETi, nivh cyn^ecTBeHHaro 
conpfliBeHifl if es^y MHciiH) e cjobomx: Bce paBHo Cujlo easBaTB 



') Cip. 118. 
«) CTp. 119. 



— 193 — 

dypana ^jiypaKOMt" hjh ^BamHMt*; bto acHo wa BcaKaro, kto 
jiea flSBiKa pasyMieTi. 

S^ttcb o6HJibH£ifi HCToqHHR^ Hamnxi 8a6jya:;teHifl. ^okoj'6 

Bemt He HMieTx HMenn, ona lyacjia pasyMy, h ohi Ha;^^ nero 

He TpyjiHTCfl. Jl^a6u ycBOoTB ee paayMy, HyatHO ee npemjie Bcero 

osHaMesoBaTb. Bo bc^x'b flsuRaxi K9Lm,ji,HM sen^B HMiex'b y;Ke 

Hai^Baeie, h Bct HecjiontHHs mhcjih — cboh BHaMCHia. Ho boti 

B03poat;^aeTca uoean mhcjil, — a efi ^^aiOT'B snaMeHie, cjioacenHoe 

H3T» npesvHHX'L. EcjiH TBJ pasyMteniL uoji'h sHaMeniejii to ate, 

7t5 h a, TO MH Jtpyrt Apyra noftMeM^; ecJH HHane — biixoahti 

pasrjacie, BSjiopx: see paBHO, KaKt o;^HH'B rOBopajQCL 6u no 

eBpeficKH, a /ipyrofi no pyccKH. TaKOBH 6ojiBnieK) toctIh) Bcfe 

$Bjoco(|)H^ecKifl MHtnia, Bci HcnoBtAaHia. CjiyyaeTca, hto oti 

nepBaro aspeKmaro BHaMenie Beni,H, oho xota npexo^HTx, bi 

TOMx ace BBysi saKJiiOHeHHoe, qpesi HHoria CTOJiiria, ho mhcjib, 

ci HHMT> conpaKCHHafl, OTi nepBofi pasjrHHecTByeTx, saK'B ;^eHB 

OTB Hon^H. TaROBu naHnane ME-Jknia o BHcmefi cnjit: jio^h 

HasBajiH ee BoroMx, He HM'i^a o nefi acnaro nonaTia ^). PasyM'B 

HejiOBinecKifl 6poAHT'B5 nmeTi* HCTHHy, a Bca My;ipocTb ero, rjiy- 

fiOKOMHCJlie,-^ BTb yXJlOMl. BByKi, HB'B ropxaHH J1CX0JIEM0M6 H 

ea ycTaxi yMHpaeMOJXs. 

IIuchMO ecTB npoHBBOJBHo HaiepTaHHae BnaKH, koji osna- 
naiOT'B SByR'B nponsHOCHMHfi^ cjiobo. SByEi), uBpaacaion^ifi sna- 
Menie Benin, ecxB h^hto nponsBOJibnoe. Ha m^cto BnaTsaro 
cjyxy sBVKa nocTasB nponsBOJiBHoe ate nspaacenie, noA.ieataniee 
jjpyroMy HVBCTBy. DojiyHHuiB p4qb, He rjacoMi npoHBHeceHHyio, 
HO BpHMyH), HO BHyniaeMyK), ho ofionaeMyio, ho ocasaeMyio ^). 
TaB'B MoaceMi nonaTB HSofip^TeHie nncBMenx, p'^qn ;i;jia oprana 
sp'j^Hia. P']^Hb njTH npoHSBOJiBHoe Espasenie SEaMemi Ben^eiS 



') Cip. 121. 

*) Cip. 122. Bi opHrHHaj-fe sAtct omH6Ka: BwfecTO «ho», sesAt «««» b 
r. ^, HHwe Tami ae anoHHTHo B03M0?KH0CTb». 

13 



— 194 — 

uosReTh BH'i^CTO sByqHUX'b 3HasoB'B BM'iii^aTbCfl Bii 3HaKu j[M Afy 
TULTb ^yBCTBi. Fjyxie (a noxoMy) h HtMue saRJiEo^aiOT'b uucm 
Bi spnxejibHUX'B sHasax'B. A66aTi Ae jl ^Ene ci y^HBETejibHUM'B 
ocTpoyMieM'B j^aji'B hmi bosmoshoctb pasyM^Tb pim> nHcaHHyfO. 
BuTi> Moa^eii, H3o6p'j^TaTejib nHCbMeH'B, BSBpa^ ea b^mhx'b h 
HXi spBMbre seaBH, bi noApasaHie hmi* Ha^epxajii asdvEy. 
Ohi (no cjtOBaM'b o;iHoro h'£m. nncaieja) ;i']^ficTBOBaj['£ iiesjiy 
qejOBtBaMH, aso Ear's. Ho sasjio^afl JieTamifi ynx bx 6ysBy, 
OHi dujn He nepBbifi, soTopuii Hsodp'j^jii p']^?b BpHMyio: sbbo- 
nnceiiCB npea&^i^e ero 6ec1^A0BdLJi% Cb samBMH BSOpaME. KapiHfla 
6biJia nepBoe spnMoe Hspa^eeie, mBBonncb po^Hja ieporjin^H, 
a cia — ropas^^o yate noajse — ^6yKBLi. 

EcJiH 6h Apyrifl qysCTBa 6ujin ctojib sue yjs,o6Eu aa 
noMflsaHie p^hb, to moikho 6bi cj^'i^jaTb asfiyBy o6oHfleiiyH), 
BBymaeHyH) hjoih ocHsasMyiol IIpaB^a, cji'finbie HHor;[a mofje 
pasJKH^aTb KB'bTU ocflsaHioH'b ^); m. 6., BOBMomHO ^Byxi cjino-H 
H•feMopo7Kj^eHHHX'b Hsy^HTb cootfmaTb Apyn ;ipyry cboh mhcjh; — 
HO p^Hb o6oHfleMafl, BByioaeMafl h ^ame p'j^^b ocflsaeMaa ne 
Moryxi duTb CTOJib coBepmeHHu, saBx pi^b spHMaa, a na?e 
Toro— p'&^b 3By?Hafl. IIocji'ikAHflfl OAHa ecxb pa3H0BH;(H'bifniafl h 
cooTBiTCTByexx HCTHHHOMy opraay cJOBa. Ho e^Ba tojibko coew- 
HHJiacb piHb SBy^Haa c,!* pi^bro spHMoro, to ;^ep3HyJIx ?eJio- 
B'ibB'b Ha ii3o6p'ibTeHifl n ycniji'B. Csojib hh Cpenna nama pi«ib^ 
BaBi cpe^CTBO coBepmeHCTBOBaHifl, ho ona 6HJia ebx CHJib- 

HiftfflHX'b cpeiiCTBi., 

nojpaacame, p'fe^b, paacyjuoKx — pyKOBojBTejiH jiro^efi bi 
H8o6p'&TeHiE E pacmEpeHiH nayEi n xyAomecxB'b, ne ocTasjifl- 
H)fliie ero e b'b caMOM'b ahbomi cocTOflHis. Ecjth flBUBi o;(Hor() 
Hapo^^a H3rJia»feHH'£e Apyroro, a MucjEeHHafl ospyra ero o6HJib" 



^) 4^H cj'l^niiix'b Tenepb yace H3roTOBJ[HK>Ti> oco6biH shhih. 



— 195 — 

sie, TO He cjiixyeTi, qTO a Bcb oco6eHHHRH eapojia pasyMB'ibe ^). 
ll8o6piTaji% Muc;ib o^tnEi, a;^pyrie, uro nj^EHHSH iipn Rojec- 
BHi^'Jb TopsecTBOsaxe^ifl. Ope^tyTi: ohh roBopaTi roBopcHBoe, muc- 
.j[flTi B^ MscjH Apyroro h sep'^ARo ne jLj^me MJiaAeHaa, Jiene- 
Hjrn^aro bx cji^^i hahbru. 

^eJOB^RT. BO BCflROMl COCTOAHIh VJOfipfleT'L CBOK) ^yBCTBOH- 

HOCTb, ocTpHT'B CHJEu MHCJECHHUfl^ yRP']^nj[fleT'b noHflTie, pascyAOR'B, 
ym, 60o6pa^eHie n naiiflTb. Hsi cpaBHenia po%ji[aH>TCfl noHflTia 
RpacoT']^, nopnAR'fe, copasifbpHOCTH, coBepmencTB^. no6yaR;(e- 
Hie K'b coTRHTiK) npHBejio ero ri> o6mecTBeHHOMy ^RBTiio h hobhmx 
^OBepmeBCTBaMi; npasa h o6ji3aHHOCTB oCn^eacHTia BOSBOj^flTi ri 
HpaBCTBeHHOCTB; pomAaoTCfl JLfo6oBh R'B oTe^ecTBy, Ri qejiOB'6- 
HecTBy B006^^e h thca^h loCpo^^iiejiefl; co^RajiBTejiBflocTB npe- 
TBopHJiacB BT. BejiBRO^^ymie, n^ejipoTy, MBJiocep;tie. TaRi j^octe- 
raoTi ^e40BtRi Bucmaro noH^Tifl o Ao6po;(^TejiH '). 

PasjiBqie ne^^y jiio^bmb coctoht'b tojbro bi creaeBB, a 
He Bi cymecTBeHBOCTH. Ho Bce, qT5 aaBeix h meicjq[bt'b, cxpe- 
MBTCA R'B pasniBpefliH) cbobx'b RaqecTB'B, Rx coBepmeBCTBOBaBifo; 
cisL ecTB Mera MucjesBaro cyn];ecTBa. ^ejiOB'J^R'B bcxo;(bti aa 
CB'j^T'B 6e33an^HTB'i^e b 6e8noMon^B'6e Bctx'B skbbotbhx'b; npapo;^- 
Hoe cxpeMJieBie (t. e. hbcthhrtx) bc cyn;ecTByeT'B bx hcmi. Ho 
e;(Ba obi oiAyTHjii cbob BeAOCTaiRB, e^sa bosobbjei: ^bb mo- 
ntecTByH)"! — y;Ke Bca npapoia cipeMHTca eny aa BC^0M0^^ecTB0- 
Baaie. Pim> BeACTx ero fieci^^OBaxB ci BoroMx, Po»;KeHBiifl 
xyse Bcixx TBapefi, qejOB'^R'B BCJtijiCTBie chocoObocth coBep- 
DieHCTBOBaTbCfl BOBBBiniaeTCfl BBiine bc4xt. na scmjih b aBeax 
cxaHOBBTCfl ea, BJiacTaxejiB. 

CxpeMJieBie ri coBepmeHCXBOBaBiH) h npHpan^eaie bx 



^) Crp. 124- Bi opnrHHaji'lk oescMbicjiHi^a: •MorymecTBeHH'fee na uMtbuie 
(T.e, HaHMeHibe) coBepmeHHtfimHXi HapoAOBi>. 

*) Cip. 126. 

13* 



196 



HeMx — 6jiaseHCTB0 ^ejios'^Ka ^). RoHqa u npe;i[i;ia eny osaa- 

HHTB BeB03M02BHO; TJ^Ml BHine BOCXOJ^HT^ "iieJIOB^El B'B nOBHa- 

HiflX'L, T^MTi npocTpaHH'ikfiinie OTKpuBaK)TCfl eMy bb^ej. MeTa 
ero, mecTBie CeBnpecxaHHoe — no^iH SesROHeHHO *); camafl b4h- 
HOCTB He;^ocTaTo^Ha, h6ooho cocymecTBeHHo MHC-aeHHOCTH. ffie- 
jLaeie name o6'BeMJieTi fiesEOHe^HOCTb. Ckiohhocth h cxpacTH 
yAOBjueTBopefiifi ee sHaioTi. Bci^ ^jaropoAHiifl cxpeMJieHifl « Bci csa- 
pe;tHOCTH Hocaxi e^Hny ea ceSi nenaTB. ^inx oni 6ojiie yro6- 

^SaiOTCH, T^M'B CHJBH^e B03paCTaK)Tl>. 

BcflEyK) HBic;[B HMeqxy mm xn^flHCfl uocxaBHXB m^p'b npe- 
Biime; oh^ jrexjix'B sa npe^'J^JiBi BcejieHHEifl bi i^apcxBo Hencnu- 
xaHHaro. ^ase x'J^jiecHocxB sama xn^Hxcfl bo cj['6a'b mhcjh h 
ataffi;^ex'B fiesHpe^iJiBHo: e;iBa Kocnexca npecumeHia, — naH- 
BejiHHaftraee ycJIa»;^eHie Mepsaxi.. 

IIoHflxifl spacox']^, 6j[arorj[aciH, copasH-llpHocxH, ;^ase ^o- 
6po;t4xejiH poat;^aK)xca hb'b cpaBHenia, sHainxx, ue cymh ^ no- 
Hflxifl caMH no ce6i. CpaBHesie ace ecxB ^niasie MHCJifln^aro Be- 
m^ecxBa. ^a6£[ qxo-j[H6o no ncxHH'b mofjio nasHBaxBCfl npoRpac- 
HUMi, HBfln^HHM'B, BymHO ^^Jifl cpaBnenifl yiiCXBeHHoe jifkiime. A 
KaRi 6e3i yMCXBeHHOCTH neBOBMoatHO cpaBHenie, xo ne aoji»ho 
jiH saEjiioqHXB, qxo6Ei H BCfl spacoxa Mipa nn^xomecxBOBaja, ne 
6bi 6iiJiu Ben^ecxBa pasyMHUfl? CjitjcoBaTejiBHo, xasoBua Heo6xo- 
;^BM£i 61 naHepmauiu CJioaienifl Mipa. Kasi ;Ke BootfpasnxB ce6i bxi 
yHHHxo»eHie, oco6jihbo, xona, R0^;^a AtaxejiBHOEO MKrcjieHHOCTiio 
OHH ycoBepmencxBOBajEH h y;io6n']&e cxajotH en^e nocxnraxB see 
Hsan^Hoe, Bce npeBocxo^noe, bch) Epacoxy? 

Hsx cero nonepnaexca en^e noBoe ;t0Ea3axejiBCXB0 6e3CMep- 



') Cip. 127. 

^) Gip. 128. B'B opHrnHaJi'J&: cIIoACTptRaeMU BcerAaniHnii-b cxpetfJieHieMV 
meta ero» etc! 

') GTp. 129. Bi noAJiHHHHR']^: •necyrm noHflTiA» etc. 



— 197 — 

m jLYUiB ^). Il^'ljib qejOBt^ecTBa ecTs coeepmeHCTBOBaHie h 6ja- 
xeHCTBo, KOTopoe ecTb cji'&ACTBie Ao6po^'bTeA]i, ejianua ot^b co- 
BepnieHCTB'B. HeymejiH 6jiameHCTB0 — Me^xa, oCojEtmeHie? Ymbjie 
Bcetfjarifi Oiei^i xot'Sji'l cjs,ijiB,Th hb-b Haci nrpajiHme KyKOJOKt, 
KaEHHH ORasajiHCB 6u MH, ecjiH 6tj 6j[aHieHCTBo oRaHqEBaJiocL 
BMicT']^ CB a^BSHBK), h6o HeAOCTaxRH T'j^jiecHOCTn npeTflT'L, ^a 
Mo^seii CuTh coBepmeHHO. 

y^^ocTOBipacB, qTo ^lyma naraa CescMepTHa, t. e. He pas- 
pyniHTca, nocMOxpHMi, ht5 ocxaHeTca ex Aynieio, Kor^a ona 
OTj^tjiHxca oxx xijia. Kanx CKopo atHBHL npepBexca, xo nocjit- 
jtyexi 6e3^yBCXBeHHOCXb, aaCBeeie caMoro ce6a ^). H bx shshh 
ecxb cjiy^an, cxo^^Hiie cxnepBoio cxeneniH) koh^hhh: o6MopoKi, 
Hscxynjeme, cohi h x. n. Tor^a nejoBiK'B xepaexx o cefii CBi- 
/jeme h Ha BpeMs .lEmaexca qyBCTBeHHOCXH. Moatno 6h saKJiio- 
wxb, qxo KaKx bo cni ocxaexca o^na HVBCXBeHHOCXb BeyxpeH- 
Haa, T. e. MHCJieHHOCXB ^), xaKi h no CMepxH fiy^^enx mki jih- 
ineHH BHtniHea ^yscxBeHHOcxH, ho *) coxpanHMx MHCJieHHOCXB. 
Ho 6yj^ex'B jih ona bt> nacB no CMepxa, KaKi bx cocxoanin cna? 

KaKx 8X0 HH BipoaxHO Ha nepBHfi B3^JTa;^^, ho oho npo- 
THBop'feHHX'B HauiOMy cyE^ecxBy h Mexi Hamero 6Hxia, cjrtjicx- 
BeHHO, npoxHBopiqHX'B HaMipeniK) TBopi^a b% Ero xBopemn. 
HocxapaeMca oxpasHXB cie Kasncxoe ;tOKa3axejibCXBo h bobbgcxh 
MHCieHHOCXB BX ^ocxoHHCXBO, ofi HO oxjiyHOHiH oxx xtja onpo- 
;^4JIeHHoe. 

SaxiMx Pa^nmieBi (cxp. 132 — 134) hojibojihx'b nxora Bcewy 



*) Cip. 130. 

*) Cip. 131. 

*) Bt» noaJiHHHHK'fe: «Muc4ieHeocTb, noao6HO ocAy, roBopH)»-.. HejiecTHoe 
jaa ce6fl cpaBneHie atjaeTi aBTopi, no BHH-fe KoppeKTopa. HyjKHo: «noAo6HO 

*) Bi opHr.— «He)), HTo coBepmeBHO HCKaacaeTi cmhcjiti. 



— 198 — 

csasaHHOMy Bume. Mnc^eHHOCTb cocyn^ecTBenHaqejiOB'bEy (663%^ 
9Toft CBoeft oco6eHBocTH OHi paBHAJiCH 6U CROTy), a es He- 
OTAlsJiHMoe cBoflcTBO — coBepmeHCTBOBaHie; icera eama na seHJiff 
OTHOCHTCfl Bi yCTpoeniio b fijasseeCTBy. ^e.voB'j^B'B bo BpeHS ^BHTifl 
Aaex'B BctM'B CHJiaMi BOSMOSHyfo pacmnpeHHocTb. SIko noHflTia, npe- 

HflTiia HyBCTBeHHOCTilO, npeiBOpSIOTCfl Bl> MHCJin, TaSO E CKJIOH- 

HOCTH Bx ;iyin']^ CTaHOBflxca Ao6ipo]i'bTejiJi ejh nopoKH. no6ym;(eHifl, 
cocpem;taac^, poAHBi bojih), ;i;aK)Tx ctojib iBepj^yio noOToatHOCXB, 
qxo OHa BasajiacB 6fii 6o2KecTBeHHOK), ecjH du He6EJjia bi ^ejo- 
B-^Bi. IleqaTb 6e3npeA']^J[bHOCTH Hajio»eHa BceHy, mb ^esoBiiBii 
npe^npieMJieTi. Bx cHJiaxi ero BH^ea Tasafl eBepria, ^to npe- 
flfbji'h efi HasHasiHTb oxBasHO. CKaAUtepz Euymnji'b HaasycTb 
OMupa B'b 3 He^^jin, h bi 4 M']^cfii];a bc^xx rpeqecBHX's cxexo- 
XBopi^eBx. £a^^t^C2 HSBjieBajEi bi roJiOB']^ sopeHHoe hhcjio 53- 
i^H^Hpefl. TaBie npoM'ibpii qacxu, ho xepaioxcfl HesaM^qeHHu. 
Hama Huc^ieHHOcxb, Bas'b pasyMHaa cHja, se MO^Bexi paspy- 
mHXbCfl, h6o, He abo x'^jio, ona HecjomeHna, ne HBHesHexx, Dpefiy- 
Aex'b, nosHBexi bo b^bh. 

He flCHO JiH cji'bjiYQTTt oxcioAa: 

1. HoejiHBy MHCjeHHOcxb earaa (^yma) He paspymaxca, to 
npe6y;^exi aHsa h no paspyineniH xijia ^). 

2. IIoejEHBy cyn^ecxBeHHOcxb ea cocxohxi bx nenpecTan- 
HOHii coBepmeHcxBOBaHin, xo Ayina coxpannxi ee h no- 
OT^ijiemn ox'B x'^jia. Ecjih 6u axa cyn^ecxBeHHaa efi cnoco6H0CTb 
Hsifi^HHJiacb, xo i^yma npeinjia 6hi B'b xy^niee cocTOflnie, x. e. 
He 6uj[a 6u jiyma (axo 6uao 6u qpoxhbho h HaM'^peniH), jib- 
cxByH)iiieMy bi coxBopenin HejioB'JbBa). 



') Cip. 134. 



— 199 — 

3. IIoejiBKy cocTOflHie CBa ^) jiHinaeTi saci acHaro no3HaHifl 
Hacx caMExxnecTB noTOMy He ctojil coBepmeHHoe cocToaeie, 
KaKt CA^Hie, TO CMepiB yno;i;o6HTca cny (othochtcjibho qejo- 
BtRa) Bi TOMi TOJiBso pasB*]^, ?T0 oChobhti ero ;tyineBHUfl chjis 
(Kasi coHi* odHOBjaeTt xijieCHHa), none bxtomi, ^to JLvimviTh 
jymy acnaro o ceSi nosHaHia, b-l ^eMi coctohti npeHHyn^ecTBO 
?ejoB']&Ra apen ;ipyriiHH schbothumh. 

4. IIoejiBKy B'B ;i[yineBBE[X'B CH^axi aBjaeTca 6esnpe}L'kj[h- 

HOCTb, H OrpaHHHeHHOCTb JiyfflH npOHCXOHHTl OTX TijeCHOCTH, TO 

OTpiraeHHaa OTt Hea, lyma Cy^teTi CBoCo^Hie bx CBoefi jtiaTejiB- 

I HOCTH. 

I 

j 5. TIoeJiHKy J^yma coxpaHHTi* cboh) cnocofiHOCTB coBepraee- 

CTBOBaflia, to naqe h nane 6y;ieTX coBepmeHCiBOBaTB, A ecjH 
saxo^eiDB HM^TB Mtpy 9Toro coBepmeHCTBOBania, to noMKicjrir, 
KaKOB'B HeJOBiK^ po;i0Tca, a ^t6 ohi — bi B03My«cajiocTH, h Ba- 
KOBx OHi Cliji'b 6u — 6e3x npenoHx, HajraraeMBix'B T^jrecHOCTSK) 
(cTpacTaMH, 6ojr'fe3HaMH a t. ji.)^ homhcje, ckojb otctohtx tc- 
nepB pmjwb OTT* rpytfaro h jioKaro cocToaHia; HBMipafi boc- 
X03f.;ieHie, ho ho T'ijecHHM'B anxieMi — a OTpimaa Mipy BpeMena; 
rjjt eoTB npei'fcji'B coBepmeHCTBOBania ^yniH? „0 neJOBiKx, ne 
acHO JH, TH ecTB cuHi BoTRecTBa, He Ero jh b*b Te6* atHBeTi 
CHja 6e3^pe;^'6J^BHaa"! 

He cjiiAyeTx AyMaTb, ^^o qejioB-iKi no CMepin 6yjteTX KaKCfii 
BO CH-i H B'B HenpecTaHHOM'B MeqiaHin. Ecjh corjiacHO i^ijiH 
coBepmencTBOBaHia, mu bs nocMepTHoe cocToanie nepeilAeMX co- 
BepmeHH'be, h'J^m'b pojihjihcb, to oho ne MOiKexi 6bitb HHme hjih 
xyase Tenepemnaro. Ecjih nacToamee npewnpeji'fejiaeT'B CJiiAyK)- 
niee ^) (soTopoe Hnane ne hm^jio 6u ;i;ocTaToqHo3 npnqnHU bi 



*) Cip. 135. 

«) Cip. 137. 



— 200 — 

cymecTBOBaHiK)), a cocioaHie Ha seujia ecxb coBepraeHCTBOBanie, 
TO SyAvmee oy^eTi coBepmeHnie. OKasaJOCb 6m npoTHBopinie 
B'B Mext 6£JTifl, ecjiH 6hi 3a seMHOH) sasHbio cji'bjioB2iJio safiBe- 
Hie, coHi.. nocjijiyeMi (xoia kocbchho) j^yMcmeeuuoMy ucno- 
Auny^ Bi HSBicTHOMi* ynoAofijeniH, h ;^a 6y;^eT'B oh'b HaMX 
onopoH)! 

JLeii6HUUh ^) coxpaneHie aHBOTnaro no CMepin h npexoat-. 
fleniio HejioeiKa yno^toS-iaeTi npepoatAeHiio nepBAKa B'B 6a6o^Ky 
H coxpaeeHiEO 6y;iyrAaro cipoeHia 6a6o^KH B'B HacToamewi lep- 
BflEt. 3pH CEape^Haro na qpoB'b CBoeM'B npecMKiRaK)ii^arocfl nep- 
BflKa ^). Ajiqfia — ero e;^HHCTBeHHoe ^o6yat;^eHie. Ce Jie^KHTi* fies- 
;iHxaHeHi>, ho cHJia BHyxpH ero ho jipeMJieix. npoHCxoAHra ero 
npepoHCAenie. Ba6o9aa bobhochtca h nHTaeica H^SH'JkfinieH) nHii^eH), 
HMiexi HOBoe cyn;ecTBO, jipyria nofiyacAeHia. Kxo 6h Mori bo- 
ofipasHXb BT> HepoflKi 6a6o4Ky, hxo ohh — e;^HHoe acHBoxHoe, hto 
8X0 TOJibKO ;ipyroe BpoMa ero atasHH. „0 yMCXBOBaxejib! nocxaB- 
jiafi npeA*Ji'B npnpoAi; ona, CMtaca 6e3CHJiiK) xbocmv, bi aaxie 
OAHHoe coi^tHjaeTt MHorie wipn" '). 

Xy^niee cocxoanie no CMepxe qejiOBttta npoxHsoptHHTi ero 
Mexi, ero cymecxBeHHOCXH, h HaMipeHiio TBopi^a, ^a coBepmeH- 
cxBycMx. BceMorymee Cyn;ecxBO hh HarpamAaex'B, hh naKasH- 
Baexi, HO yHpe^HJao aopaj^oKi. Ben^aMi. HenpeMinnHfi, oxi) koxo- 
paro OHt He Moryxx ywjHXbca, pasBi HSM^Ha cboh) cyn;ecTBeH- 
Hocxb. Jl^ofipoji'fexejib caMa wh ceSi HMiext BOBMesAie, a nopoKH — 
HaKasanie. ^xo CJIa;^ocxH4e yBipeHHOCxn, qxo mu npefiHJiH bx nasHa- 
HOHHofi cxesi, H Hxo HaMi, HcqiMi ce6a ynpeKHyxb? HanoMHHOse- 
Hie coAijaHHaro Ao6pa pasronHxi. MrnoBeHHO jierKyio Mrjy aaaep- 



') Cip. 138. 

*) 3x0 ace ynoaoojieHie pasBaio kh. B. 6. OaoeBCKHMi bi ero npeBOCXoa- 
HOH CKaaoHirJ^ «MepBflHeKT»» («CKa3KH h paacKasu fltjiyniKH HpHHea»--H3ji. «4^ 
meBOH BnojiioreKH*, cxp. 75—82). 

») Crp. 139. 



— 201 — 

Jiui coB'icTH. A QAOji'bii npHHyatiieHu KasHHTbca cpejivi d.iaro- 
jieHCTBia H ynpeKaTb cefia, IIo^to acKaTB paa h hcxojihtl bo 
a;jx? OAHH'B — BT. cepTO* io6pofl'feTe.iF»Haro, jpyrott bt> lyaii 
sjiaxTi. nKaKhuuyMcmeyH^ Apyrorocefii BooCpasHTt HeMomHo" ^)! 
Bx CHJiaxx H cnocofiHocTflxx qeJoetKH cxojiCTByioT'i, h bx 
pasjiBHiaxT) BOCxojiaT'B (hjih HHCxo^^aTx) aocTeneHHOCTijo, ho Bci 
ojiHoro pojia; SHaHHTx, a i^ijib nxx ojjHHaKOBa. Ecjh .ite kto, 
8JioynoTpe6jiaa jiaHHUMH eMy cnocofiHocxaMH, ycTpaflaexca CBoero 
npe^onpeiiiijieHia, to eci c;i4;^CTBia bjihx'l A^ji-h HaJiararoT-B na 
Hero, 't;iKaa coBicTb rpHseTx ero cepAi^e, nosa ne HCTpeSaTx 
Bce sjioe. CoBicTb, aKO Bpanefiaoe sejiie, ecTb joBapcTBO BJibixt 

^'fejl'b (eCJIH He B'b .7KH3HH, TO, KOHO^HO, HO CMepTH). HsjeqeHHUXTb 

coBicTiio, BOCKJiHi];aeTx BeJiHKifi HeJ0B'feK0j!iK)6en;i> Pa^Hni.eB'b, 
ymeJiH Bceomeuz hckjijohhtx mT> Geoux^ o6^Hmi^c? IloqTO mh 
CHBaeMX TOJLHKO atecTOKOcep^H? IIpecTynHHE'B — He SpaTX jih 
Haoi'b? Kto MoateTx ^epe;^^ co6ok) onpasjiaTbCfl h CKasaTb, hto 
B'b HeMi> HHKor;ia He BOSHHsajia Hnme Mticjib sjiaa ^)?! 

JlerKO ycTanoBHTb npHHUjan'b coBepineHCTBOBania, ho Tpy;iHO 
(ecjH He HeB03MoatHo) BOoSpaanTb, Kasx oho npo;i;oJiaRHTca no 
CMepTH. Bijib Ha seMjiH nocofiieMX ;iiJia 9Toro 6HJia TbjrecHocTb 
CB ea opranaMH, a fiesx naxTi qyBCTBa ne mofjih 6fii ;iaTb no- 
HflTift. EcTb jiHHib J^Ba cpe^CTBa: 1) hjih BHOBb HOHaTia yate 
npio6piTaTb ;^ynia ne 6yii;eT'b, a ;i;iJlCTBOBaTb SyjueTi naix npeat- 
HHMH, HJIH 2) HejiOBiKx fiy^eTx HM^Tb HOByio opraHH3an;iH). 

BoHHerm ^lOKasHBaeTx, ^to lyma Bcer;i;a CyjieTt conpaateHa 
cii xijEOMx; no CMepTH ona Oy^eTx ci> ciMOHeMX, h hst. btofo 
conpaateflia nejiOBiKX poiHTca naKH ;i;Bycyni,ecTBeHi): KaK-b ;i;o 
sa^aTia ^tymi 6bi.io cocymecTBeHHO ciMa, TaKx h HaB^KH. Ho 
^anvTHenie ne coBciMi pasBasano: ^^Kh ciMa, KoeMy 6biJia iiyma 
npe/tx sanaTieMx coK)3Ha, y;Ke npoH3Be;io noBua ciwena, h3x 



1) Cip. 141. 
») Gip. 142. 



— 202 — 

KOHxx npoHSomjEH HOBUfl cyni,ecTBa. A npe^snee, oiqee ciiffl 
A0JI2KH0 npeduTb nasQ c^Ma; c'bMH pa36ep2seHifl bhobb npoesBe- 
^^eTi caMO ceCfl? Boti Kpyri crbMenuoio AtoOoMydpin. Bci xaKO- 
BHfl cacTeMu KaatyTca Paj^nmeBy fiojiie mojom-b CToxoTsopiec- 
Karo BOo6pameH]fl, neasejiH oCTpoyMHaro pasMumjieHifl ^). 

3a TaKoe ace HSoCpiTeHie ohi BtiAaejx cji*fc;i;. ^pe;^^o- 
jioiBeHie. 

Bi npHpoA'Is, ABCTBeHHO, ecTB Ben^ecTBo h;ih CHjra, Aaiouxafl 
BCeny atH3Hi>: HyBCTBHTejBHOCTB Hama, BJieKTp'B, MarHHTHaa CHJra, 
M. 6., TOJBKO ea ofipasoBania (modification). He 8to jih Beme- 
CTBO H eCTB nocpe;icTBO, kotophmx jiyuia ^itficTByeTi Ha;!;^ t4- 
jiOM^? OxcTynaa ot-b T^JiocMepTia (?), He fiyjterx jlvl HM'ibTB Ayma 
wa CBoero A'SficTBOBania to ate nocpej;cTBO? JljJia ;^•6flCTBia nyateH 
opraHu; ecjin ^ynia bx coasHTin ci t-j^jiomx cxajia coBepmeHH'be, 
TO coBepmeHH'&fiinie HymHEi e& h opraHU. B%;i;b caitaa ctrja 
TBopnaa aBHa jhidb nocpe;i;cTBOM'B opraHOBX, BemecTBCHHOCTH. 
RaKoe npoTHBop^^ie mhcjihtb, hto bx ccm'b ^e Mip'fe HoateTi 
6bitb (na seMJia) jipyraa opraHHsai^ia, naMx neBijiOMaa — noTOft 
npH7nH'6, HTO OHa He no^^jieaiHT'B HamuMi qyBCTBaiii)? Ecjih 6fii 
OHQ dHJicr HSon^penB'&e, to h aTa opraHH8an;ia 6E[Jia 6£[ Han's 
HSB'i^CTfla. A H30iiipeHH']^e OHH MoryTx 6eitb, Baui noBa3EiBaK)T'B 
npHM'j&pu qyBCTBi BUBeAeHHun (?) hsx copasMipnocTH ceoeS 
CoJiiBHiH). ^aS rjiasy 6htb TeaecBonoMX hjih MHKpocKonoMB, — 
BaKie HOBHe iiipH eMy OTKpoiOTca! Totx, Kto ;^aJI'B TCJioeiBy 
OEO (;cjia KpacoTBi), — yxo (jiJia fijiarorjiacia), — cep;^^e wa jh)6bh 
H jipyasfiH, — pasyii-B na nocTHatenie ^aTejia, Totx, Kto cnjexB bo 
eJ^HHO CTHxiH, npcTBopaeTi joTyqecTB orna bx tbcp^octb, h ceiis 
BM'SmaeTx Bx HacTH cocTaBHTejiBHKixi Bem.ecTB'B, Tot-b MoaeiB 
npOH3BeCTH ^) HOBna CM'j&ineHia. BjiarocTB h jIh)6obb ero ne hb- 



^) Cip. 144. 
=0 CTp. 146. 



— 203 — 

caKHyri). Ecjh Cjobo Ero CAHHoe poajiaeTT> 4yAecH0CTb, to h 
oaBH ee poahtb MOxeTi. 

SaitM'B Pa^HcqeB'B nepexo^HTx ri npeACTaBJieHiio ex ;i;yx'6 
JeSfiHHua. Ha hto npe;inojiaraTb HOBoe TBopenie? Bca Boaiioat- 
EOCTL npemjia b'e A'i^&CTBHTejiBHOCTb npe^'B eaqaJiOM'b y»e BpeMenx; 
mb 6ydem6, to «/a«e 6iw;io bx HesHfijieMOM'B nopa^K'fc ci Toro mfho- 
fieHifl, BaRi Bos^JiBCTajio coJiHi^e, h speMfl OT^'fajiHJiocfl oti 

BiqHOCTH. 

Jl^pyrifl opraHHsai^in (BpoM'6 qyBCTByeMux'B) nejiBSfl OTBep- 
raib no Tofi npe^HHis, hto oh*! nan^ HeHyBCTBHTeJBHU. Mho- 
secTBO Ben^ecTBx ycBOJibsaeTx otx HauiHXi> ^yscTBi no Ma^ocTir, 
no npospa'iHOCTH h t. a. IIpecnn^eHie o^Hofi Beiuii ne HCKJiH)qa* 
erb BxeMJieMOCTL j^pyrofi. Ooht'l ^oKasHBaeT'B HeBipoaTnoe. 
Bojia, HacBin^eHHaH o6£iBHOBeHHOK) cojibh), He npioMJifl ea 6oJL^e, 
pacTBopaeT-B h npieMJieTX Apyryio. 

Byaymee cocToanie qejiOB^Ka otctohtx oti nacToamaro ne 
TaBX lajieBO, He sa Tpif;^eBaTB seneJiB h He na Tpa^ecaTOM'B 
iiapcTBi ^). 

IIo anajorin (Ha BOTopoii ocHOBana 65JiBniaa qacTB na- 
maxx noBHanifi h saoio'ieHifi) mo?rho b']^phtb, hto 6yAyni;aa op- 
raHHsai^iH ne.iOB'lBa nponcTeqeT'B hbi HuniuiHeS, BaBx ona npo- 
HsoniJia mT> npeHCHHXi ^). K^ CJioseHiio qejOB'^na Hy»?HBi 6ujie 
CTHxiH, ^jBHateHie h coBOKynHoe ^iScTBie chjii> Ben^ecTBeHHOCTH. 
Ho paspymeHiH Tijia h bbixoa^ hsi* nera cthxIh npeOy^^yTX t* ate 

CTHXiH, CHJIH OTOfiiiyTX BX CBOC Ha^aJlO H 6yAyTli ;iifiCTBOBaTB 

81 ^lipyrHX'B CJoaeniaxTi. %o ae CtiBaeTx co CTHxieio qyBCTBy- 
lon^eio H MHCJiameK), HeHSB-icTHO. He BCTynaTB jh ona b^ coiobx 
CB ;^py^HMII CTHxiaMH no CBoflCTBy CMeatnocTH, naMX eme HeBi^o- 
Kofi, H He npoHSBeAeT'B jh HOBoe cjiomtnie? „0 BOSJiioGjieHHue 



t> Ctp. 147. 
«) Ctp. 148. 



204 



MOH, a HyBCTByro, qio Hecyca bx o6jiacTb AoraitOKx, h ysw! 
Aorawa ne ecTb AMcTBHxejBflocTb". 

Pa^^HD^eBx „KpaTKHMM cjiOBaMH" pe3H)MHpyeTi> CBOeMHiHie 
OTHOCHxeJibHO npe^Meia i^ijiaro co^HHeHia o deBCMepiia ^); botb 
ero nojiomeHifl: 

^ejioniBx no CMepiH CBoeft npefiy^eTi atHB^. T4jo ero paapy- 
fflHTca, HO Ayma paapymHTBca ne MoaceT'BjHfio necjioaiHaa ecTb. I^tjb 
ero Ha scmjih cctb coBepraencTBOBaHie, Ta ^e npefiy^eTx ufkjim h 
no cwepiH. A hsi loro cji^yeT-B, KaKx cpe^cTBO coBepmeHCTBO- 
Baflia ero 6HJ[a ero opranHsania, to j^ojijkho 3aBJiK)HaTb, ?to 
OHx HMiTb oyjieTX ;^pyryK) — coBepmeHBittrayK) h ycoBepmeH- 
CTBOBaHHOMy ero cocroaHiio copasMtpnyK). 

BosBpaTHuft nyTb ajih Hero HeBosMomeHi ^), h cocToaHie 
no CMepTM He MOKeTi Chtb xyace HacToao^aro. npaBTOnoAo6HO ^to 

^eJlOB^KX COXpaHHTX CBOH MHCJIH H CKJIOHHOCTH, HOCKOJIbKy ULTh 

MoatHO oTA^JiHTb oTi T^jiecHOCTH. Bi HOBofi CBoefi opraHHsaiiiH 
OHi EcnpaBHTX CBOH 3a6jiyatAeHia h ycxpeMHTx ckjiohhocth Kt 
HCTHH^. Coxpanaa meicjth, kohxx pacrnHpennocTb HM'^jia Ha?a- 
jOMi pi^b, oHi fiy^ieTTj owpenx pi^bro. Ecjh 6yiiym,aa opra- 
HHsaqia 6yieTX conpHqacTHa qyBCTBHTejibHOCTH, ona 6y;^eTX rja- 
roJiOM'B o;iapeHHa, n6o p'i^^b ss^b nponsBOJibHux'b BnaBOB'b BHaToa 
BCaKOMy HyBCTBy (cm. Bume. CTp. 193 — 194). 

IloJiaraa ^EoneHji 3aBi[H)?eHiaM'b, jidi, ne spHMca Hn^yn^aMH 
ejlHHCTBeHHO Me^TaHifl", Pa^HnieB^ ofipaniiaeTca ki qaTaiejiK): 
HejFOBiKij xoTa th ecTb cymecTBO cjoatHoe hjih owopo;iHoe, mhc- 
jeHHOCTb TBoa He o^pe;^'feJIeHa paspymnTbca c^T'fejioM'b. BjameHCTBO, 
coBepmeHCTBOBaHie ecTb TBoa ujbjih (cm. Bbime, crp. 195 — 196). 
OAapeHHHfi pasHHMH KanecTBaMH, ynOTpefijiafi hxi ufejiH tbocB co- 
pasMipHo, HO 6eperncb hxx ynoTpeSjaib bo 3jio! KaBHb ateBeib coc- 



') -Crp. 149. 

^.) Crp. 449. Bi opnmHa.i']^ «He HeB03H0H;eH'b», HCKa!KaK)mee 0111111611. 



— 205 — 

MesHa sjioynoTpefijieHiaM'B. Tu bx ce6i aaajiro^aeniB CjaffieHCTBo- 
TBoe H sjionoJiyiie. lUecTByft bo CTeat, npHpo^OK) HanepTaHHOfi, h 
BipB, iTO (ecjiH noffiHuefflb 3a npeA*Jii> AHeft tbohxi, h paapyme- 
HJe MHCJieHHOCTH He 6yAeT'B tboA mpeCifl) cocTOflHie TBoe 6y;^y- 
mee copasMipHO dy^eT'L xeoeMy jKHTiio: Tot'l, Kto cotbophjix 
Te6a, ^aJi'B cymecTBy TBoeMy saKOH^; sjio, to6ok) co;^ijiaHHoe, 
6y;^eT'L bjio ^Jia Tefifl. Tbi 6yAymee TBoe onpeA^Jifleinb naCToa- 
mHMx: „H Bipb, CKaaty naKH, Bipb, tf/6^«ocm5 ue ecmb 

Kb cmp. 198. 

John WalliSj cjiaBHufl aerJiifiCKifl reoMCTpx, po^HJicfl bi 
Ashfopd (bx rpa^CTB* Essex) 23 Hoa6pa 1616 r., ynepx bi 
JoH^OH^fe 28 OKT. 1703 r.; ohx ynnjca bx KeM6pH;i;m'6 h CHa^aJia 
ajsR.jsji'h i^epKBH. Bx 1649 r. noAjmsji'b Kaee;i;py reoMeipm bx 
OKC^op^i. Ilocjii pecTaspaDiiH Kapjix II yiBepjiHJi'b ero Bt 
ToB caMofi jioJatHOCTH H nopyqHJi'B eMy ace AOJiatnocTb xpaeHxejia 
yHHBepcHTexcKaro apxHBa. B. 6uai> oahhm'b hsx ocHOBaTejiefl 
JToHAOHCKaro KopojieBCKaro 06iii,ecTBa 8x1663 r. SaM^qaTejibHH 
ero onHTu no oCyqeniK) rjiyxoHiMux'b. 

CoHHHeHia ero hsmhei btb 3 TOMaxx in folio — Wallisii opera 
mathematica, 1695 — 1699; kx aiOMy Ha;io npacoejiHHHTb eme 
oiHH'B TOM^ 6orocjiOBCKHXTi H 8TO4ecK0xx TpaKxaTOBX. Wallis ex 
1654 r. HMijx cienenb Dr. theol. n 6ujix npn Kapjiill KanjianoMx. 

Bci ero MeMyapH nepenHCJieHH bx Biographisch-Literara- 
ches Handworterbuch zur Geschichte der exacten Wissenschaften- 
von J.C.Poggendorff.ll. Band. M.— Z, Lpz, 1863, p. 1253— 
1255. 



^) Cip. 1o1, 



Mu noApo6HO o3HaBOH0jiHCB CB TpaBTaTOMi> PajcaiAeBa o 
CescMepTiH, 

npeat;i;e Bcero nejiLsa He nomajiiTb o tomt>, hto xpaKTan 
He nojiyqejix, noBEj^BMOiiy, nocji'kjinen o6pa6oTBn ot^ caiioro 
aBTopa. H opHTOM'B 6uJii> Hsj^anx aobojibho He6pe;RHo — o^eBHjHO, 
jtHi^ofifB, He oco6eHHO xopomo SHaBOMUMi Ch ^E[jioco({)ieH). Hs^a- 
Tejib HeTOJiBKO He cyMijiT. HcnpaBHTb MejiKHxi He^io^eTOBxJ KaBia, 
MO»iei"B 6BITB, hm^jUbcb Biy caMofi pyRooHCH: OHX jtase caM'B, 
KaateTca, yBejiHHHjn* hxx qncjio. Mh oiMiTHjEH jiajeKO ne bc4 
norpioiHOCTH, naiijieHHHa naMH bx leKCxi, KOTopBifi npHxo;iHTCa 
npHsnaxB secBMa HeEcnpaBHHMT): y nacx yKasaHH, npcHMymecT- 
eeHHO, jiHiuB xanie npoMaxe, KoxopBie iicRamaH)xx cmucjh, h 
jiHniB T'fc Micxa, Koxopna no^iHaci roBopaxi o6paxHoe xesHcaMi, 
san^HiAaeMHMi aBXopoM'B. HaMi 6iiiJio 6u npiaxno, ecjin 6u naaiH 
saMixKH no KpHXHK* xeKCxa axoro xpy;ia Pa;tHn;eBa nparo^BiHCB 
CyjiymeMy pe^aRxopy nojHaro co6paHia co^HHeHiB Pa^HmeBa, 
ecjiH xaBOBoe bosmo^iho oiRHj^axB b^ 6oji'ie hjih MeH'ike OTjia- 
jieHHOM'B Oy^ymeMx. Bo BcaKOMx cjiynai, nowfe jiHHHaro asy^e- 
nia xeKCxa — mh noJiaraeMT) HeyioCnbiM'B orpanwiHXBca bt> xa- 
KOM-B npe;i;noJiaraeMOM'B coSpania coqwHeHifi npocxoro nepene^ax- 
BOK) xpyjia 6e3CMepxiH; Heo6xo;c0Ma, no Harneiwy MHiniK), bhh- 
MaxeJBHaa per^eHsia xeKCxa, h npHXOMx co cxopoHKE cnen;iajrHCxa. 

IlepecBas'B coHEnenia dujui A^jraeMi Haiia no bosmokhocxh bi 
no;i;jiHHHHX'B BBipaateHiaxi aexopa h ^aate cb ero opeorpa^ieio. Hsy- 
HCHie coHHHeHifi PaAHni,eBa co cxopoHEi JHHrBHCxnqecKofi, ;tyMaexca 



— 207 — 

Haifi, He ocTajiocb 6a 6es'b noJibsu ;uh onpe;i;'ljieHifl cboScibx 
JHTepaTvpnaro pyccKaro flsusa bi XVIII b. 

KHHra 6e3CMepTiH 6£jjia naqaia en^e bi Hjehmcb^ bx 
1792 r., T. e. sa 10 jiiTi ;[0CMepTH asTopa, HaAOj^ynaTb, ^to 
aBTopx He nepecTasaji'L pa6oTaTb na/cB bthmi cbohm'b co^BHeHieM'b 
BnJOTL jio CMepiH. HjteH o CMepxH h 6e3CMepTiH saHHMajm Pa- 
pn^eBa ecw oicumh, TpaKxaTi, hs lOiBenHbifi HaiiH, AOJseni 6£JJI'b 
cociaBHTB co6oK) FJiaBHXifi JiHTepaTypHo-^HJioco^CKiJB Tpy;t7i asTopa 
43a Rocji^mi^ toah shshh. Ho h Aecflxe ji'j^t'b OKasajiocB nejio- 

CXaTO^HUlfB: 0HI» OCiaJICJi He OBOHqeHHUMl. 

UonuTaeMCfl npHBecTH ntcROJibBO ^caHHbixi bx eciopiE bos- 
EHKHOBenifl iiHTepecyioa^aro Hacb Tpy;^a Pa;iH[ii;eBa. 3thmi> xpa- 
siaxoMX noHXH eme BOBce ne saHEMajEHCb, a noxoMy cbasb ero 
Cb. xhshIh) u jipyriiMH co?HHeHiflMEPa;i;iiiueBa cobc'I^m'b ne BbiacHeHa. 

UepBoe o6cxoaxeJibcxBo bx atHSHH PaAnmeBa, naiojiKHyBniee 
ero Ha mucjih o CMepxB, 6HJia, HecoMH^HHO, CMepxb ero juoSh- 
Maro ;cpyra h pyKOBOAHxejia 0. B. YmaKOBa bt. Jleflni^Hri. ^Cepme 
Moe XOJI0KO vasBJieHO 6lijio xorjta CKopfiiio, ^xo bx nocjijiCTBiH 
HH HSCxynjieHie paiocxn h yxixi, hh Bejanafimaa neqajib name- 
pHuieMh eosAwOjieHuotl cynpyiu ne ncxpeCnJio qyECXBOBanie 
npe»Hia ne^ajiH" ^). 

Oe^op-B BacHJibeBHH^ ymaKOBx, oStn^aBniifl co6ok) Baniqa- 
xejbHaro ^^taxejia bx o6jiacxH nayKx h pyccEOft JinxepaxypH, 
CBOHHaJCfl oxi nocjiijiCTBili CJn^JiJLECB,. Enxe cjiyma ceBpexapeii'b 
npn xaSHOMi) cob']&xhhb'& Tenjioerb bi Ilexepdypr'b h ^Heoxi'^Bsaa 
B'B Jlefini^Hri, 0. B. ymaKOBx noiyBCXBOBaJx bx xtjii CBoeni 
Coji'fesHb, HeaaStwHoe cjii^iicxBie HeyMtpeHHOCxa h sjoynoxpeCjie- 
Hia xijiecHHX'b ycjiaat;ieHifi " ^). SaxBopasniH, ohx noxpefioBaj-b 
Kx cedi HCKycHaro Bpana h npocHJix ero CKasaxb HCXHHy. ^e- 
ji0B']&B0J[H)6nBbifi Bpaqx AOJiro BOJiedajiCfl, ho BH;];fl aexpenexHocxb 



^) T. V, «2KHTie», cip. 80. 
*) TaMi ace, ctp. 19. 



— 208 — 

ymaKOBa, oStaBHJix eMy, hto ^sasTpa oex 3KH3hh He CyAeT-L yate 
npH^acTeHx" ^). 

yuiaKOBT* He CTpycHJiT.; ohi CTaJt npon^aTLca cl ApysbSMH, 
Meatj^y npoHHMX Pa;^HmeBy nepe^tajit cboh 6yMarH (hbx KOTopHXi 
TOTT* noTOM^ HSTOJit HiKOTopufl He6oJifcinia pa6oTH no $hjioco- 
(j)iH H yroJioBHOMy npaBy, npiodniHB'B hx-b kx ^ffiHTiro"). 

3a HicKOJibKO qacoB'L npe;ii kohhhhok) 0. B. no^yBCTso- 
BaJix HecTepoHMyK) 6ojih bo BHyTpennocTH h ne Morx yate y;^ep- 
acaxbcfl: „cTpam;iyn;i9 BCKpH^ajinb co;i;paraK)mHMca oacoMi" *) 
H MOJiHJi'B KyxysoBa 6utb ero 6JIa^o;^'feTeJIeMx h ;iaTB ewy 
aAy, „Aa CKopo npeci'ieTca ero Tepsanie" ^). Ho KyiysoBX, noco- 
BtTOBaBinHCB ex Pa^HH^eBBiMi, He ^aji'L eMy ajty, bx hcmb Pa- 
^HmeB'B noTOMT> pacKaeBajica. IIoaTOMy oht. h npocHTL KyiysoBa: 
„ecjiH ein.e ycjBiniHfflfc rjiacx CTenamaro TBoero ;ipyra, ecjin m6ejih 
eMy npcACTOflTb Cy^ieTx neofixo^HMaa, h BOBsoBy kx xefii ea 
cnacenie Moe, He mcajih, o jnoSesHiamia Mofl; th o/cusuh ne- 
CHOcnyw CKonuaeiuh h ^aniB OTpa;iy ajHsniK) rHymaron^eMyca a 
ee eosuenaevdrbdvieMy^ *). 

BioptiMx atecTOKHM-B y^apoMT* cy^bfiBi Ctuia AJra Pa^tHmesa 
CMepTL ero nepBofl a^eHH, b-b KOTopyio ohx 6bijii cxpacTHO 
BJiK)6jieH'B. IIoTpaceHHHfl 8To8 CMepxBio, OHx HanHcajiij „9nH- 
xa(j[)ifo" ^): 

0! ecjiu mo ne joaHo, 

%o MH no CMepxH Cy^eMi) mnxb; 

Kojib fiy^eMX ataxB, xo nyBCXBOBaxB HaMi ;^o;IatHo; 

KoJiL Sy.iieMi) HyscxBOBaxb, Hejibsa h ne jiiofiiiXb. 



^) Crp. 77. 
») Cip. 82. 
*) Cip. 83. 
*) Ctp. 84. 

') X. I, CTp. 1 



5 



— 209 — 

Ha^esAofi cefi ce6fl nnxafl, 

H jiHH Bi TOCK* npenpoBoajiaa, 

S. CMepTH jRiy, BaKi Gpa^Ha aha: 

Ynpy H ropecTH safiy^y, 

Bi o6xaTiaxx tbohx'l a naKH cqacTJiHB'L fiy^y! ^). 

Ho ecjiH mx to ^6«<wa, qxb cep;iity JbCTHTi, Mana, 

H HeHaBHCTHufi poKt oTiajix Te6a na BfiBH, — 

Tor;ta OTpa^w h^tb, Aa JbiOTca CJiesHu piKa!... 

TpoHHCB, jiioOesHaa, CTenaHiaMH Apyra! 

Ce npe^CTOHT'L ne&h b% o6'BaTBaxT> tbohxi naix: 

He MOffierub kojil npefixH cBepfenHxi CMepiH Bpaix, 

Sbhcl xoxa Bi Meqx'fe, yiimH t^mi cynpyra! 

3x7 8nHxa(|)iK) ho nosBOJiHJiH BHpisaxL Ha Ha^rpodHOMx 
naMflTHHKi ^eHH Pa^HmeBa, noxoMy qxo bx nefl, KaKi naxoAHJiH, 
ci He^ocTaxo^Hofi yfiipeHHocxiio BiipaaceHa Ha^eatAa na 3arpo6HyK) 

2KB3Hb. 

Mhcjih, Koxopna mh BCxpt^aeM-L bT) xpaKxaxi, nocxoaHHo 
nonaAaroxca b-l MeJiKHXi. cxaxoxBopeniaxx Pa^HmeBa. 

...Bipt, qxo BciM'b Ci^aMB yai* 6jih30kx cxajEX kohoi^'l. 
SaKOHx He3Ki6jieMofi nocxaBUJi'L BceoxeDix, 
^xooi* ooHOBJieHie jaax niApt npeMtHX poatAaJiocb, 
^w6'h Bce KpymenieMx bx npnpoA'fe ofinoBJiaJiocB, 
^xo6x CMepnih daeaAa o/cuauh, a otcuauh daeaAa CMepmh\ 
To mecxBie cjji,h6u BOSMoatHO jh npexepxb *)? 



^)Cp. BHme, cTp. 81,84,89,176. PaaameBi hcho BucKaauBaeii 3ntcb cboh 
BZTJ[HXb Ha JiH)6oBb. BejiEfHafimee, KpaTHanmee secejiie na scmjih ajh Hero bt» 
o6T)flTiflxi B03Jio6jieHHOfl cynpyra. 

') T. I, CTp. 174. 

14 



-- .210 — 

9th mhcjh wh CTHxoTBopeHifl nUocMmie^ pasfiSMiOTCfl i 
Bi TpasTaT^. Cm., nanp., Biime, ,-evp. 149 — 150. 

BEi, CTeHfliuie hoa'b raaMcoio pysoio 
" HcnoiiBeHH froesoK), 

-lUflH^Te* SBBH& E CB^Thj 

MyTicaHmecb^ (So^pcTByflTe n ^^if^Jio nprnesatTe 
CefiBpaTBoft^4BH8H2'nyTB! Ha 0M9 11048 DOcniinaSTe: 
TaiiiJiyimafl OTpaHa;:MM% MHpx bo b^b^ sHBen, 
TaMi soflocvB B'b^safl, ^6j[aseHCTfo Tan^ Bac% s^en ^)! 

{MypaeAU^ CacHa) 

Moji[B6y HanpacHO mu bobboahjtb, 
^a npejecTB iohbjx'b AoCpBixi Jiiii 
Kaj'^Hsa CTapocTB se seneT'B; 
flHrA']^ OTOb "^^^soft He yxoAHMi 

CHepTB irpo% *)! 

(CTpo$a 3). 

'He tlHH, ^T06'B ^iiepTB tBoefi KOCOfi 

Te6jr Bi lioJieT']^ MHfiOBajia: 

H^Tlr Bl idpt tBBpXff HHSaKOS, 

' HpdtHB'B ftr ^to6^ ycToaja, 

KaK* upHjterB, 

OcTaBHTB \noMx, ^ipysefi, cynpyry, 
EoraTCTBa, ^ecTH, ^to CTasaji: 



; ,^^^^^^f^^^ 



») Cip. 177-178. 
•) Cip. 194. 



-^.211 — 

T66a ,,«Q9:op£ifi . bi , bo«k. yupyry 

, UpBieH^Ti! 
{,CTRO(|>a, 5). 

RoHHHHU yspeifB Bci qepTorx, 

06'BflT'& KpoBaBUMu cxpyflMH; 

Upeji.'h B'j^KOM'E cMepib cjAnjL'h HaMi Bon: 

Efl BepmHTCfl Bce yciaMH 

Bx Mipi ceMx ^)! 
(CTpo^a 6). 

OTHOineeie leJiOB'ibBa b'e CMepTH npe^CTaBJifleTi co6oio co- 
j^epsaHie qmnpoBaHHaro ceS^aci CTExoTBopenifl j^Oda K6 dpyty 
'MaeMy*^, 

^MojiHTBa'' ') BHCRasuBaeTi yC'bsj^eHie PaAHo^eBa B'BCiipa- 
•BeAJTHBOCTB y^oHifl: jid7coY.aTd6Ta6Lq trravrov": 

. Te6a, p^ ^o»e piofl, Te6a[ . ne, iipjE|3.B(a9^;pTx, 
Te6a,. .qi^ TjBapn Bcfe^ppjspiOAy Bpap^^/JnapTi. 
.BH<eMJiH nocj-j^AHift yjiacx: a ecjTH nperpiipMx, 
SaROHi fl ,TBO0 HCBaJii^, Bi Ayui$ .xe6fl . jih)69ji'e; 
Me : K^e0(fHCH^ m, fi^^HOCnih a 6$,upan)l 

^TOtf'B Borx, KiM"^ p;b ;^9«[,?«P9 (5.fl«^eH,CT?a Jy^t ci^Jx, 
KoTAa. np^pBCTca, fl:.03Ht^ , «a mfc^.^Men^ piiepm^^l 

To me pa3BBT0 e bx TpaBTaT'6, cm. BHme, cxp. 201. 

GxErxoTBopeeifl 9tii, iioaBH^miflCfl bi nocMepTHOMX co6pa- 
Hie co^BHeBiS Paj^Hii^eBa, . HecoMH'iHHO, nBcaHu b'e pasHoe Bpeiifl 
(m a nocjii cceijirb); ho hohth bi Ba^s^KOMi bb'e hbx'b Tasi 
BJH HHa^e saTpoHyia Mucjib o cnepTH, CedCMepiiH n 3arpo6HO& 
yqacTH. 






') Cip. 195. 
«) Ctp. 198. 



— 212 — 

ReJihssi CKasaTb ci locTOBipHOCTbio, KaKx no;i*8cTBOBaji% 
HaPa^HmeBa totx ^y^acHiifi ypoKi", KOTopHfi „npeno;naxB eMy 
Ha CMepTHOM'L ojiip'i" ymaKOBi, e tohho jih, — „c^ Tixx nopi 
caMoyOiUcmeo CA^JiaJioci* o;i;hhmx h3x jiioChmuxi, ^pe;^MeTOBl ero 
pasMHuiJieHifi" ^). Ho mh BHj['fe;iH, hto Painmeaa nocxoaHHO 
saHHMaJia mucjie o CMepTn a descMepxiB, TaEi qio 4>^Taj[&HH9 
BOHei^'L ero wh 1802 r. — caMoy6iftcTBO (caMooxpaBJieHie KpinKOK) 
BOAKofi H nontiTKa sapisaTbca) He 6hjio MOMeHiaJibHoft, fleo6- 
;i;yMaHHOK) BCnHmKofl. PaAHmeBt di^jihm'b pa;^OMx jiojiroji'feTHHX'B 
pasMHmjieHifl ;^ocTH^'B Toro, hto ohx „He K0Jie6aj[ca, BSHpaii 

Ha Bi^HOCTb", 

IlymKHH'b TaKij pascKasHBaeix o K0H^'fe Pa^Hn^eBa: 

„rpa(|)i 3aBa;^0BCKil1 y^iHBHJicfl mojio^octh ero cfkwwh h 
CKasaiieMy cb ;[py»ecBHMx ynpeKOMx: ^9xx, AjieKcaH^pt Hh- 
KOJiaeBHH^, oxoxa xe6t nycxocjiOBHXb no npeatneMy! Hjh Maio 
xeei 6bijio CHfinpn?" B'b axHXX CJionaxi Pa;i;Hn;eBi yBe^iiJi 
yrposy. OropTCHHHfi h HcnyraHHHfl. ohx BOSBpaxHJca ^iomoB, 
BcnoMHHJi'L ^tpyri CBoeS mojioiocxe, o6x JiefinnjarcKOM'b cxy^enxt 
(t. e. YiDaKOBi), nOAaBineM^ CMy niKor^ia nepByio MHCJib o caMO- 
y6iacxBi... h oxpaBEJca. KoHe^'b, hmx mbho npeABH^tinnHft, h 
KOXopBifi ohx caMx ce6i ;iaBHO nanpopoqEJix" ^). 

fit oxHoraeniH ncxopin BOSHHKHOBenia $Hjioco$CKaro xpas- 
xaxa Pa;^Hn],eBa Hrpaexi BaatHvio pojib ero noBicxb „0 ^HJiapexi 

MHJIOCXHBOMX", KOXOpyK) OHX HanHCa.Tb, CH^a BT> KptnocxH. 3X0H) 

noB'J^cxbK) Pa;tHu^eB'B xox^jIx ^axb HasH^^anie cbohmi ^ixaiii, 
„hxo6h npenojf^axb hmx atHBOft ypoKx 6e3KopucxHaro cjiyaema 
HejroBiqecxBy". Ona Hanenaxana y CyxoMJHHOBa bx ero „H3Cii- 
SOBaniaxx h cxaxbaxx" no aBxorpa4)y Pa^tHmeBa, x. I, cxp. 598— 



^) irytmum^ Oo^HHeHifl, h3A. n. 0. MopesoBa, t. Y. (AjiescaH/tp'B PaAi- 
mesi), CTp. 350—351. 
•) Ctp. 354. 



— 213 — 

611. Hhsto en^e He ofipaTHji BBUMaHifl na to, ^to o;tHo uicio 
n dTofi noB'ibcTii Ha;to6HO npnsHaTB KaK^H nepBUB^B bckbsom'b 
6y;iyiii;aro TpaBTaia (Ha^aTaro ys&e b% ccujiE'b, b'b Hjibmcs'^ — 

CB TOH) ;Re I^'J^JIBH) Ha3H;(aHifl B03JII06jieHH£IM'B CBOriMl). 3tO M'ibCTO, 

soTopoe Mti npBBo;{BMi,flBjfleTCJi BpaiKHH'B BOHcnesTOM'b TpaBTaTa 
CescMepTiH (cTp. 602 — 603): 

^^BJiapeTi, ynpamHBflCJi bo Bcfixx qacTaxx ^bjioco^Ik, naH- 
j naqe npajiinH-ica ki yneHiio o Ayuii hjih ncBxojiorin, ki 6oro- 
I caoBiH HJIH HayKi noBHaniH Bora, h ki npaBCTBeHHOMy jrH)6o- 
1 vyApiio. Ho EOJib MHOro ohi y;i;HBHJica, Hameix, ^ito Bce eMy 
j npeno^^asaeMoe 6hjio yate ;^jra Hero ne HOBoe; ito Bce, ht6 jipyrie 
HasHBaviH noHHmiej bx hcmx 6ujio to — Hyecmeoeanie, KOTopoe 

OHX nOHHTaJll B'b Ce6'6 BpOSJteHHUM'B, h60 HaBBIB'b OHOMy OT'B 

coci^a noHTH MaTepna. 

— ^BciBen^H", roBopnji^ $HJiapeTy yqHTejs ero OeogSuAZ^ 
„cyTB HJH Ben^H no ce6i hjh otx ^^pyrnxi. O^Hi cyTL hphhhhm, 
;^py^ia — ;^'feacTBia. Ho, BOCxo;ia oti oahoA npnqHHH kx ;^pyro8, 
uocxeneHHO ^lofi^teM'B ao Bpafinia hjih Biicmia bc^xx, BOTopyio n^e- 
HyeMX BoroMx. Hsx cawaro cero noHaTia cji't;i;yeT'L, ^to nepB'fefiniaa 
npH^nna OTJinqecTByeTT. oti. Bctxx jtpyrax'B; hto Bci ;tpyria 
cjTh orpaHH4eHH t^mx caMHMx, ^To OB'S cyn^ecTByBOTx He cann 
C0.60H), H hto nepBaa npn^HHa ecTb HeorpaHH^ena, h6o oea cyu^e- 
CTByeTt caiia no 0664". 

— „OTqe", OTBiTCTBOBajix ^HJiapeTx, „c'b Toro speMeHH, 
KaB'B pa3cy;(0Ri» CTaJix bo mh'6 AiaTejieHi, a mucjib mok) 06- 
pan^aJii Ha Ben^n, oBpecTi nena naxoAan^iaca h na caMoro ce6a. 
JlerBO npHMiTHO mh^ cTaJio, ^to Bce na aeMJii cymecTByron^ee 
nojUBepateHO nepeMini, see po^HTca, h see rnCHeTx, ho bx npe- 
Bpani^eHiaxi cnxx ecTB npaBH^io HenpeM'^HHoe, otx BOToparo bhhto 
y;caJiaTBca ne MoateTX. Si hphm^thjii, hto Tijia neCecHKia cjii- 
;^yH)T^ Ha^epTaHHOMy nyTH h otx nero ne ycTpanaiOTca. Bo- 
npocHJix a caMi ceda: „kto snat^^eTX Bce? kto atHBHTi? KTopas- 
pymaeTx, ;ia6Bi o^khbbtb naBH? bto nyTB nsM'fapHji'B T'j^jiecaM'B 



— 214^ — 

He6eeilEi]f*B?^ noTOicE BonpoeHji ce6si nasH: ^tu shb'b; ho ^ir^ ' 
HRasi? Kto sHSEb Te^ j^ajx, H no^TQ ona csoETOetcfl^? Cbajt 
ciH), ' BCfl cOAepsantyK), bcjt sHSii^yiQyK), * BceMj ^ npeit^jfB naJio- 
sBBmyiOy BCfl osflBiflion^yio^ b% KOTopofi 'TepaeTCfl h canoe pas- 
pyin&Hie, otho, a qyBOTBOBajTB oti n je^HHxi Horrefi. HMeHOBaiiir - 
MH* Bora, TBopn;a, Bce^epatHTeM; a ;i;aBHO*yme ero- omymaix 
Bi ce6'£, H xynia moa bi Heiiy npajtbne^ ^). 

— jjBcfe BemH**, roBopH^x OeoenjE'E, • »cyTB cjeoibhs we- 
e^HHCTBeHHEi) T. 6. HecjoiBHH ^). Bc% cJioaBBHfl cyTB npoTflmeBHii; 
SI CHifB npHHaAJiesaT'B Bci r^xeca, h6o cyTb npot^«eHH&. 
BcflBoe npoTflsefiie mo2bho a'^^jihtl aa nacTH. Boslmh * MucjreHHO ' 
MaiiifiinyK) ^acTB T'6jia, • ^t jih ee na nacTH; pasyH^se HaS,i^!e!rb 
Bi pasA'l&JEeHiH ceMX npej^^M^ a BasyiD 0a a wctb cetf^b* he* 
BOo6pa3HJ[i, BOo6pa3HTB Mory chew nojoBUHy; Cji^iyen*,' ^to 

BCflBOeT'fijIO MOKeT'B paSA^JIHTBCfl; padpyniBTBCfl, flSufeilTB CBOS 

BHA'B, yiiepexB. noceify qejiOBiR'b, abo 'Ben^ecTBO CJioseHHoe, 
yMRpaexi. 

HanpoTHBi Toro, ecjH Boo^pa^ry ced'fi Ben^e^CTBO HeejM:Rfl5^,' 
TO He Mory ' Haftin bi Heifi" ^actet; ' * ohO' 6yAet^ HepaB^iJiHMo; ' 
He HOsserB paspymHTBCA: cjiixyeil^, neuoMfit^ jubpi^tb. KaBia' 
se cyTB Beii(H, *FB BOHXi qacreft B006pftftatB ti!6Mo;i(tf6? OnpH'^i 
MaeeMaTH^ecBbfl to^bh; b'b ' yMoarpiniE ^ojtbbo cykn^ec^f^i^ei^ 
iiH HyscTByeMyK) eaMH nenocpeACTBeHHO" o6p'ferteM'B^ — jtiUcjik. 
Hanpflrff BC^HHmi^K cboh; ycTpeitf licit' Bapai^pymeHi^ hscih, — 
CHJiH tboh HeHOH^HH, H THi^THO cxapaHte. Mbdcab Hepad/t^jiBtftf,' 
h6o HecjiosHa. 7t5 se mhcjtb hjiit' fieCJioate^fiHoe trpoBSBoXH^?' 
RoHe^Ho; HecjroaEeteoe, h6o BeBOSMOACBOj ^.T06ti cjoii&e&itDe^tte^' 

CJEOflSHOCTB npOB8Bd;(BJIO. MUCJIB npOBBfiOAAi^efe Cyn^^CfTBO'' BB^ 

HyeM'BHu dymem. A noeaniy xyixia ^ct% ' BeCJiosHaj' to Ir Bepi^ 



*) Cip. 602. 
*) 6tp. 603^ 



215 



xiiBMa— He MOseTi paspymHTbCJi, He yiipeTi. IIosHafi, o^ejo- 
fIs'b, TBoe BejHHecTBo; tu conpHHacreHi 6osecTBy; ecjiE rbjio 
TBoe paspymHTCJi, ho Mucjb tboa B'i&^Ha, h xyma 6e3CMepTHa^. 

H^eH, Haic&qeHHUfl 8;cicb, mh bh^^^jih BHme pasBHTniiH 
6ojAe noxpo6HO h o6ocHOBaHHO— bi pasHux'b if^cxaxi ipas- 
Taia. 



Ex EaEOMy 4)HJioco(|)CROMy jarepK) npHMiiRaK)!^ sossp'i^Hk 
Paj^nmesa? Btot'b Bonpoci h jio nocjiiAHaro BpeMeHH ocTaeica 

HeBHflCHeHHHMl, KaKX ESiWh KaffieTCfl, HMeHHO nOTOMy, HTO BHHMa- 

Hie H3CJi'fe;tOBaTejieft ao chxx nopi ne ocTaeaBJiHBajocB na ero 
SojiLfflOMt (|)HJioco$cKOMi TpaKTaii. BojiLfflHHCTBO nHmymixi 
Pa;^HmeBi noBTopaiOTi bx aioMi. cjyqai MHinia IlymKUHa. Ho, 
pasyMiexca, reHiajtHaS no9T'i> ne Moaexx cjyaEHTx nenpepe- 

KaeMHMX aBTOpHTeiOMl Bt (|)HJIOCO(|)iH. BOT'B ^TO rOBOpHTX A. C. 

IlymKHH'B: 

„Cxo;tCTBO yMOBx h saHaiifl c6jih3hjh cx HHSfB (ymaKOBHMx) 
Pa^HmeBa. Hmx nonajica bx pyKH FejiBBeiiiiS. Ohh ataOTO HsyMiH 
Hanaja ero t^o^^;^o^^ h SeanAodn&iji MeTa(|)H3HRH. FpHMMi, cipaH- 
CTByiomifl areHTx 4^paH^y3CKofl (|)HJOCO(|)iH, bx JleflnuHri saciajii 
pyccKHxx CTy3;eHT0Bx 3a KHHroio „0 pasyM'fe" h npHseBx Ten- 
BeD;iH) HSfiicTie, JiecTHoe iJia ero imecJiaBia h pa;^ocTHoe ^JLSL 
Bcefl CpaxiH. TenepB Shjio 6h j^Jia Hacx HenoHaTHO, KaKHMx o6pa- 
30MX xoJio;^HHfi H cyxofl ^eJ!BBe^ifl Morx cjiioraTBca jjoCaMi^eMX 
MOJOjtHxx JuojieHj nEiJBHXx H HyBCTBHTejiBHUxx, ecJiH 6u MH no 
HecqacTiH) He 3HajiH, KaBx co6j[a8HHTej[BHE[ jissl pasBHsaioii^HXCfl 
yMOBx MBicjiH H npaBHja HOBua, OTBepraeMHa 3aB0H0Mx h npe- 
;^aHiaMH. HaMx jsae ciiHinBOMx nsB'i^CTHa (|)paHi^y3CBaa ^njioco^isL 
XVni CTOJiiTia, ona paBCMOTpina co Bcixx CTopoHX h o^'feHeHa. 
To, ^t6 HiKor^a cjujio ckphthhmx yqcHieMX riepo^anTOBx, 6hjo 
noTOMx o6HapojtoBaHO, nponoB^^^^aeo na njion^a^^axx h Has'i&BX 

yipaTHJIO npeJieCTB TaHHCTBCHHOCTH H H0BH3HH. ^pyrfa M£ICJIH, 

CTOJiB SRe A^TCBia^ Apyria Me?TBi, ctojib xe Hec6iiT0?HLia, 3aM']&HHiH 



— 217 — 

t 

HfiECja H Me^TBi y^esBKOB'L JI|n;i;poTa h Fycco, h JiersoMucjieHHufi 

nORJOHBDRl M0A6U BajtHTl Bl BVLXl* OQflTb H E^bJIB HCJIOB'iqeCTBa, 

Q pasp^meHiii B'JbqHofi daraisa, ee BOo6paacafl, hto bi> cboh) 
oqepe^b oe4 saMiHaTca ;ipyrHMH" ^). 

06ii^ee cymAenie noaxa IlymsHHa o MHC.tHTej'b Fa^^mi^eBi: 
„Bx PajinmeBt oxpasHJiacb bca gSpanuyacnaH (J)HJioco$ia 
ero B^Ka: CKe^Te^H3M'B BoMmepa, (|)HJiaeTponifl Pycco, hojihth- 
^ecKift i^HHHSM'B flflidpoma h Pena-ia; ho Bce bi HecKJiajiHOM'B 
H HCRajKeHHOM'B Bu^^, EaKi* Bcj^ npe^EMeTH KpHBO oipasaiOTCfi 
wh KpuBOMx BepKajit. Owh ecTb hcthhhhA npe;iCTaBHTejiB noAy- 
npoceihuj^euin. HeBiateciBeHHoe npespinie ko BceMy npoiue;iiineMy, 
cjadoyMHoe nsyMJieHie nepe;^^ cbohm'l BiKOMi, CJiinoe npacT- 
paciie Kx noBiiSHi, ^acTHBia, noeepxmcmuuH cerhdfbmH, HaofiyMi 
npHHopoBiieHHHa ko Bceaiy, — botx hto mh bh;ihmi bi> Pa;i;n- 
meBi" *). 

ItyinKHHx HHTajit h TpaKxaii. o fiescMepTin; cyatjieHie ero 
TaK?Ke onenb cxporo. 

„CaMoe npocTpaHHoe hsx ero coqaneHiR ecxb (|)Hjioco(|)CKoe 
pascyTKjteHie „0 qejiOBtK'b n (o) ero CMepxHOCxa h descMepxin". 
YMCXBOBania ero woi<^;2w h ho oaiHBJieHH cJioroM'L. Pa;^HmeBT), 
xoxa H Boopymaexca npoxHBy MaxepiajHSMa, ho bx hcmx Bce 
eni;e RHjieHx yqeeaKb FejibBeaia. Ohx oxoxnie HSJiaraexx, neatejiH 
onpoBepraexx ;i;obojih qacxaro aeensMa* ')., 

FoBopa dojibmefi oxoxl; PammeBa nsjiaraxb ^aeensMt", 
IlyriiKHH'L, o^eBHAHO, HM^exx BX BH;i;y 6jiecxamift mohojiopx bo- 
oSpajKaeMaro npoxuBHHKa deacMopxia jtyma (cm. Bume, cxp. 135 
— 144) — Bx KOHn;* II nacxn co^HneHia. Ho xoxx ate PaOTmoBX 
HasHBaexx jiobo;i;m npoxHBX 6e3CMepxia ;^ymH (Bbiine, cxp. 130) 
nAomadnuMU E(Bhime, CT!^A4:4: — 145) cixaKofime ropaqeocxbH) 
BHCxynaext npoxaBx CBoero onnonenxa, ^B^maBmaro eto rjiacoMx", 



Cip 350. 
«) Cip. 35S. 
3) Cip. 354 



— 218 — 

npupaBHsfiaen evo" vhmmpy h kii secTOTOSffluML TupftHHaMi/i; 
Ra^'&pasi 9TH xyxotteeTBeHHCHaiiHeaflBiiH' MiseravoryT'E cjiysHn 
npiimrBOBicOMi MH'fiHiiD IlymRHBA o tohi, <ito co^HHesie „He 

OSHBJeBO CTHJieM'B'', ?T0 OHO nOHIilOf HjaRHO npHHflTB BT»C006p^'* 

settle Taft9Be b coBepmeHHoe pasoraqie H^THJieft noaTs^eefcaro h 
^Hiroco(|>cMro. ^a H cftMBfi ^HJCoco^eRift cthjib XYIII B^ica b:e 
jy^ttmrfB ero ofipasi^axs coBepmesfio He uojixok^t's no^ti HiiH*bm- 
nie BKyen. IlymRHH'B, Bejaarft aBTopHTera' pywKaro xyTO»ecT- 
BefiBaPO eTEJfl, cam ne xaiii o6pa8UOBi ' pyccxaro cthja ^hjto- 
co^l^^iearo. 

RpoMi^ Toro, norpi^niHOCTH cthja, Ha^jiioAaeMiifl saMH vh 
TpaRTaTi Pa;^HineBa, o6'BflCHflH)TCfl BesaBoe^eHHOCTiH) ero Tpy;ta: 
asTopx He npniiai'b eny OROH^axejiBHOfi 4>opMii (ocTaeHJn jwRe 
nponycRX Bx xeRCTi, cm. Biime, cip. 99 — 100), a nacj^AHHRH ero, 
Bs^^aBaBmie co^HHenie, He 6eijih bi cocToaniH ch noHEMaaieMS 
;tonojrHHTB h npope^^aRTHpoBaTb TpaRTaiii. B'b Micxaxi me 6ojiie 
o6pa6oTaHHKX'L PaAHn^OB^B (RaRi mu Heo^^HORpaxHO Bume ot- 
Mi^ajiit) ocxajcfl B^peni CBoeny o6iJieMy cxhjik) h HanpaBjemH) 
ceHXEMenxaoHCMa. fio hh mucjih h aoboah ero wb nojBsy 6e3- 
CMepxifl, HH qyBCXBa, o;^ymeBJiflH)n^ifl ero, HHRaRi ne Moryx'L 6kxb 
HasBanu nomjuMH. 

He saCy^teifB h xoro, ^xo yRasaBHoe nymRHHiiMi nicxo 
HaxoAHTCfl B'B soHi^i II ^acxH, 8a ROxopoH) cjiiji.jjoT'h emfi 2 
^acxH, nocBflH^eHHKfl cnei^iajiBHO HSJOseniH) aobo^^obi bi san^Hxy. 
6eBeMepxifl HHAaBHAyaJiBBofi ;tyniH. HeHBBicxHO, npomxyAHpoBaiik 
JH IlymBBH'B H 9XH ji,B'b nocj^AHifl (cnei^iajBHO ^eaoco^cbA^) 
qaOTH. xpaicxaxa, HanCoJiie BasHiia ji,m HCxopHRa ^hjoco^Ib, ho 
He BasHUfl AJfl UymsHHa, ne Heo6xo;^HM£ifl ajia i^^jiefi ero 
cxaxBH. 

HaAi ^HJioco(|)CRHM'B npoH8Be;(eHieMi Pa^^Hn^eBa h na^'B 
ero ^HJioco^CRHMi HanpaBjenieicB IlyniBHH'B nocxaBEJii Bpecx'E 

HOrpaHHHEJCfl XOJIBRO CyMMapHUMX npErOBOpOMl ^.nOBfdDOOTE^ 



— 219 — 

OjlHO ya&e npHCxpacde IlymK&Ba si PaAsn^ei^y (ocTl&l^jrji^ ' bs 
CTopoH^ en^e eodepmieHfio ne BuflCHearHiiifl 'npuL^mtEW BToto ' npn- 
cTpaciifl) MoiMO 6£i HaBecTB Ha meicjib o HeoCxoABMocrer nepe- 
CMoipA^'Bcero ffbrn. yKasaHiHjt ^^aM OCeToarejfBCTBa eme tJojifte' ' 
ycBjRBaiOTi -dry mbicjib. 

HxaK'B, 6uJL'biEVs^AEmfiBT,mo4hKo nocjiiitoBaiejieMx FejirB- - 
Bei^ifl E ^paei^yscBOfi ^HjrOco^iB X^YIII b. BOo6ii;e? 

C^HTaTB Pa;iBii^eBa nocjsi;^OBaTejieMi ^pmiuyacuuxh Teopifl 
XVIII B. CB thshmnwh npaBOMi mosho 6kijio 6bi^ pa36Hpafl ero 
BSFjjiXH coqiajBHo-noJiHTHqecRie; Tasi < bs^'^gtho, hto ohx ysjie- 
BajEcs RHBraifH PefiBajiB^ MoHiecsBe^ H^p. HoBBidTofi •<)6jracTB 
HeiBBB 6uiL0 6u Be ;(ODy€THTb H'iBOTopux^ orpaBB?€flifi^ oeo6GBH^; 
9T0 KacaeTCB no8;Z(HMiQHXi» JL^Th Fa^iBiwBav B'J^AB caM% »e 
nymRHBit ii^HTBpyeT'B ^) ^Bi CTBxax'B ero jiynmee npoBBBej^eaie 
„OcBMHaAi];ATttfi B^R'B^— jiHpBiecit<!^e CTHxoTBopeflie^ nH€aHd<)e^« 
XpeBBHM!B 9JierH?ecRHM% pasM'&poM'B, r^t fiaxoxATOiat'CJii^cyiOBiie i 
CTHXH, CTo;it 3a^/fe«(awei«Mit/e no^r?* ew> nepoM*". PaAfl^eB^ 

fiB Ba^aJ^ 8T0S FJiyfiOKOMBlCJieflHOtt OBeeH flCBO H OT?eTJrB0O 

BiipamaeTi CBofl bsfjibax na HCTeRaion^ee, euy coBpeneBBoe 
CTOJiiTie *). 

YpBa BpeMBBi ^acH HaiHsaet^, Kan^BM'^ 'no;io6H6; 
KsitiM ^T> py^j>H co6paJitrcB; b'b p^rh py^BB BOspacJB 
n Ba AAJibBMrneifB 6pery UBiiBBaKKTB n^BBCTUfl* bojbu 
BiiHocTB Bx Mope, — a Tamx b*!* bh ttpe;^iJI^, bh fiperoffB; 
He BOSBumajcB xaii'B ocxpoBx, be ^na tatei jiOTt HeBaxoAHTx; 
BisB B% aero ' tipWeiftjrtr, bIi' 'toemi ' H3^fe3a6T*'B tixt' cJiiXx. 
E6 suaMenumo eo''&n>kU cBdeno KpoeaddH CTpye^ 



*) Ctp. 384^^55. PafliHnteftB' waatiBatt'B cBOfe' erniXO'fbopeme «Oc*tt«rti;a- 
Toe cmoAv»m%e (a He OcMHaAi^siTutt Btei*. 



— 220 — 

Cz seynaMU tpoMa TeneTx name CTOJiiTte Ty;^a. 

H coKpyfflM/n> HaKOHenix KopaSjiL Ha^e»;^H necymeii, ^) 

IIpHCTaHH 6jIB30KI> yatC, B^ BOJIiOBOpOT'B noFJiomeHi. 

macmie, u do6podrbmeAh^ u eoAhuocmh noaspajx OMyxx apofi: 
3pH, BOCDJHBaiOTx eme CTpamHH o6jiomkh Bt cxpyfc. 
Hilt, TBI He 6y;tefflb safiBeHso, cTOJiiiLe SeayMuo u Mydpol 
Byjieiub npoKJinmo bo BiKTi, bx b^kx ydvsAenieMZ Bcixx: 
Epoeu btb TBoea KojiufiejH, npHniBaHie — rpoMH cpaaeHbeBX... 
Axx! OMoqeno ez npoeu BiKx th HHCnaji;aeinb bo rpo6'B *). 

Cx JierKOfi pyKH OyinKHBa, CTaiba KOToparo o Pa^inmeB* 
H ;ioceji4 cjiymHT'L ^^jra Aieornxx pyKOBOjiCTBOMX, PajinmeBa 
cxajiH npHHHCJiflTb Kx nocJii^OBaTejiaMx ^paHB[y3CK0ft (|)HJioco$iH 
H Bx o6jiacTH Memas/Su3UKii. CaMX nyuiKHHx Ba3EiBaeTxPa;iiHmeBa 
Bx pasfinpaeMOMx HaMH TpaRTaxi „y^eeHKOMx FeAheeuiH^ (cip. 
354). Ecjih npHiiOMHHMx, hto ITyraKHHx HaSHBaexx Memag^usuKy 
FejiBBeuia noviJiom h 6e3^JIo;^HOK) (cTp. 350), to mh nofijieM'B, 
noHeny ofiBHHeflie bx nomAocmu na^aeTx h na (MHHMaro) no- 
cji4;i;0BaTejia FejibBei^ia — PaAnmeBa. 



^) y nyniKHHa (cip. 355) bth cthxh nepenpasJieHbi h nonanpacHy: 
H coKpymHB'b naKoneux Kopaojib, naAea?Abi necymiA^ 
Cmucjix nojiy4HTCfl jnmb Tor^a, ecjii «coKpyiiiHJi'b» mu noHMeMi KaKi: 
«C0KpymHJica» (doaooho: coBepmencTByeT'b bm. coBepmeHCTByeTca h t. h.); y 
PapmeBa npHMtpoBi ynoipeojieTiiH ^tHCTBHTejibHOH ({)opMbi BM-fecTO BOSBpaiHofi 
ex CH BCTptnaeTCfl MHoro— h bx TpaKTaT-fe. 

^) y HyniKHHa nepea*JaHo: 

Axx, OMoieHHutt BX KpoBH B^KX, HHcnaj^aemb bo rpo6xl 

 « 

ITo HameMy, Harto6HO nponycTHTb He «Tbi», a «BtKX» h iHiaTb Oca's na- 
pymeHia cpeAHflro po^a (cioji'bTbe) h oeax necorjiacifl cHHiaKCHHecKaro ci ije- 
srypoK) Ha cjiob* ^BtRX*, KaKX y llyniKHHa. 

Axx, oMo^eHHo BX KpoBH, || Tbi HHcnaaaemb bo rpoox! 

MoacHO eme BoscTanoBHTb HcnopneHHufi tckctx PaJ^HI^eBa, HH^ero He 
3binycKafl, laKx: 

Axx, oMOHeHi BX KpoBH BtEi^ T£i BHcnaAaenib BO rpo6xl 



221 



njniKHHi. Be npH;iaBajn> HHKaKoro soaqenifl jefini^HrcKHM'L 
roAaMx yneHia Pa;iHmeBa, h bt, aiOMx ero CoJiBraafl om06Ka. 
HaMH Tenepb ^aate CTpaeHO h CMiniHO cJuuiaxL, hto UyniKHHi 
fipocaeTiPajtHmeBy, o;iHOMy h3x ofipasoBanHlifiniHxi jiojieflTorMni- 
HeflEBponEi, ynpeK'B bt. tomt, ^to ^ynenbe ne noviM ez npoKz^ ^ 
^TO „jHHBepcHTeTCKaa ^hshl npHHecjia eMy Majio no;ii>3H**, hto 
Pa;5HmeB'L He BBajn* ;^a3Ke na cefia xpyj^a BHyHHTtca nopndoHuo 
jiaTHHCKOMy H HYbMemoMy flSHKy, Aa6H, no Kpafinefl Biipi, 6biTf> 
<?« cocmoHuiu noHNMaTb cbohxi npo^eccopoez ^), qxo ohx — npueoe 
sepKajio, hcthhhhH npej^cxaBHTejb noAynpocethu^emR^ mno c^ixk- 
Bia ero noBepxHOCTun" u t. ;i. *j. DymKHHi He mof'l HesHaib 
^auTOBX PaAHmeB-fe, CBH^tiiejibCTByioiUHX'B o hpothbhomi, h 
caMX M«e ^acTbK) ^pHBo;^HT^ ax'b, ;ionycKaa rtMi npoTHBopi^ie 
bx cBoeft CTaTbi. HeyaeJiH Bc/k 9th npocTpacTHbia a Becapa- 
BewHBbia oCBHHeHia ;iojiaiHH Cetjih cjiy^KPixb MacKOFO jjjia njeHsypH? 
H.1H IlyiDKHHX BA^Cb cmKrajTi TO, „^eMy noKJionajica"? 

H ecjiH 6u PajnameR'b cl TOBapnmaMH, jiifiCTBHTejibHO, ne 
noHHMajiH CBOHXT) npo^eccopoB'b sa HeseaHieMx ,^a"/Ke u^Mei^Karo 
asHKa, TO OT^ero ^e BaMi^aTe.ibHianiiH TO^;^amBifi yHenufi bx 
JlefinnHri — IlAamuepz o6paTHJi'b Ha hhxT) CBoe BHiiMaHie, OT^ero 
OHt noMHH.ii HMeHHO PajiBiueBa, KyTysoBa ^) h TOJibKO co- 
jKaJi'feji'b. HTO OBX caMi eme Tor;ia 6bi;i'b ne totx, t. e. eme ne 
jiocTHr'b BHcniefl CTynene coBepmeHCTBa? Ecjih pyccKie CTy;teHTbi 
6ujivL TaKi hhhto:khh, to OT^ero me njaTHepi* npocHJi'b KapaM- 
3HHa ocTaeaTbca pa6oTaTb noj^'b ero h ero KOJJier'B pyKOBo;^CTBOM'B 
Bx Jleflnt^Hrij vji^ ero „e;iHH03eMi;bi HCKajia npocBimeHia h 



^) Cip. 349—350 passim. FepqeHi B-b npeAHCJiOBiH kt. CBoeafy Edji^Em 
tllyTemecTBifl* PapmeBa roBopnti o cTaibife nyniKHna: ccCiaTbH neAtJiaromaa 
ocoSeHHOH HecTH no3Ty. Oh-b hjh iiepexHipHJH ee hsi i^eHsypHbiXT) BnaoBii, hjih; 
Bi caMOMi A'feJi'fe TaKi ayMaJH,— H lorAa Jiyirae 6u.io 6m ee ne neHataib*. 

2) Cip. 355. 

«) Cm. Bume, cip. 74. 




— 222 — 

.^a4£IQCB| He mmeniHo^ ^), a,^m apQ^aii^^ofi ^auircEi; .]^9j(ifljrcfl 
l^I^e 3a'CJi5«HTb ero.(54arp;i[apHOCTb? ^) ^gaiw^emb, C40Ba IlypjtBHa 
onpoBepr£^K)TCfl q(!lf^^.nia,^huuu'b ,AQ^y^¥TQM'B ^) o, 6j&CT#iqpi'B 
.ycn$zax;i pycQBHXx cTyAeflTOB'B,.» bx.^gmij ,?i^a^ ,]^ J^fijipiqi^Ba. 

$HJioco$CEarQ, jiftrepa, i;y;ta cjii^typTx no,;^CTpHi oraecTH I)we- 
,m@Ba, B'L ero Tp^ETaxi o 6^3CMepTiH. OxRyAft a^e ^^ajiocvt 
Hero liB^pie, 6y;iT0 PaAHweB'ET^yTOBji?|t;&;, T^^B^ei^ia? 

. OqeBH^^HO, .lTa..pH^,.^@iwSi^ 9to j0[3i^-wp^ffai3Q.r.<fjW<Jffl^« 
caMoro ,PaA^ffWBa:^,„,Mtt fH^xftjiE pm .Mjiry (re4frB|5Aia »Qf.pa- 
syMit^), H^xajH CO ,,p^a]aaiaHi£M'& u ^2». omoz^ , jMt»^A/^:2^m& . f^aj/^^ 
^wa«..., Bi C€M6 omnQm^niu , co^jnaeuie ero wejwa^j/w . i^P^eri 
)^cei(?a . upwHOCHXB noJkhay^ *). 

^xorpBop^TX BA'J&CL Pa^ameBi? %o.q|[x h ^i^tJoeoSmeciBO 
>.H)Homefl" ex 0. B. YmaRPBHM.'B, bo, rJi^B'J yw40c;i ^.m^cjihtb. no 
KHHri .reJiBBei(ia, h.^xo bxo, co^Hpenie „0. paayM*" ,M0«prB 
Bcer^a CJiysuxb ex no Jbsofi .. A^a Bay.^QAla,, a-ka npioj^pixeaifl 
BaBUKa wh MuiujieHiB. Bcj^i^pMy BB^isoupMy, ex, if ^.Hepoft , Ji^psMa 
FeJiBBeAia iiaMaxaa ero , jpr^H^CKaa i^i^p^m^uneft/ifiQcmh^ ^ spTppafl, 
^t'j^SexBBxejEBo, Mo^sexx pRaauBaTB^naJie^Ep^,, AJ^fi(6XBie Hap^^sBH- 
xie JioreqeeRofi ^opMaAhfioU meicjh. 

Ho cjit^yexx jih hbx btofo Mtexa, qio^PaAHweBx ex to- 
Bapnn^aMH exajH xa^a^e h nocjtrhdoecmeAHMU^ npuut^unoez,^ caMoft 
CHCXiBMU PeabBeaia? Hixx! 

FaaBapB j^pyacRa 0. B. ymj^OBX oexawJi't noeJi* eefia^ bi 
^Hea'i coHBHCHifi „UH.ebMa,,.RjicaK)iBtiaea ^o^epBo^ i&ByiTH. PeJb- 
BeutieBa eoHBHeBia oPai$yMi>", ii3AaHflua Pa.ABn^eBbiMx BM'bexi ci 
ero ^JKaxicMx" ^). rinebMa axa Ch jh aApoooDanu rx Tony se 



7J Bume, c^p. 73. 

?).Buinej oip' 60. 

*) PaAHmeBi, COH. V, cip. 61 

*) T. V, cTp. 43a-ii7. 



— 223 — 

npaiaseny se^BMOsi, soTopiift lasib aojipysHJicii bi JEefloAsri 
ci^ 7fflasoBUMi H ii03HafiOJiB4i ero, a ^pesi. Hero h qch) 6pa- 
TiK>— ex Fe^bBei^ieMi ^). 3totx 6... 6iij['b cjiinofi nosjOHHHR'B 
TaiBBeitifl, bo, BipojiTflo, no XH^HiiD PaxBimB;Ba, h ae SHajri 
Apyrnxi Mii&iHxejefi. He TaROBx 6uj% YmsLKOVbj ROToptifl ne 
^MeAJiBJii . npfl Bcem BOCXHO^eHiH FaiBBei^eMx OTHecueiCB si 
fleicy ex Rpna^HKofl. 

YznaRaBS wh nepBOn^ imchwb (cTp, 132) fijaro^apHT'B 6... 
3a,BHyjneHHoe HKX' ^OTBpan^eHie-BenpeofiopHMoe ro bc&mx cbc- 
TexaH'B^ BM'iion^M'B . ocHOBafiie b'b BeofiysjiaBBOM'B BOo6paseBiH 

EXl TBOpi^OB'B, B MepS'^Bie BX nyTaBBA'i BBLCOROnapBHXX B 3B0B- 

Rexxx^oBx, ROEHB npea^e cero^ YmaROBi ^oxaroBtajixjiaHflTB" 
CBOH). YmaROBi npasBaxeaieBi BejiBMOS'b Bsa to, hto otx Eero 
y^umEdJi'h ydtLSAemH doctnoiiHato comiBETejia^. Upo^BxaBx RBBry 
FejiBBeAU pasx. bm^ct^ cb hbmx, ^^maROBX euie 31 pasa ^BTaJix-ee 
CO BceBOBiioaRBiiMii BBBnaflieicB. Obx yxBBjfleTCfl ^upoBBi^aie^B- 
.HX)CTB^ rejLBsen^ifl, ^Mfwcmu b bssjaboctb era c^iora^, bo ^Be- 
. pj^AKO coTRaJiieTX ero R.paiBOCTB^ *). CoAepsaflie naceMX (Bcero 
riixx ocxajiocB 5) AOJisBO fiiiJio saRJUD^^axB .ctRpao^eBie coiBBeHia 
..,,0 pasyju'lk^f BJB, no.RpaSflefi .M'i^pi, nepBoB b Tpejiefi rbhtb 
oaaro". dio BSJioseBie ipe^yerb ^sanpflseBifl paayma b AOBOJB- 
Baro. BpeiieBB", Boo6me, — A*Jio BecBMa ipyABoe, — xini, na^e, 
qio. jfHeece^da : a , c% s,uTopowh. oduQio, MHrbum, no Rpafinefi xtp*]^, 

B'B nOMBHyTKX'B 2 RBBFaXX. ^Jlfl o6lB€BeBifl MOBXl COME'&Bifl 

B'B. BejiBnifl BysBo BofiTB no;(po(iBOCTB ^ . 

CoAep»aBieI discours'a „0 pasywi" (DeTesprit) ecTBDe 
I'esprit en lai-m6me; AORasiiBaeTCB , hto HyecmeumeAVfWcmh 

(sensiMlitd) B^^^^^^^i^^y K ^op^-ii^^^r P&^<> ^ naauiTBcyxB, npo- 

'/mvoimma ispm^mEwws'bx% Haxnnxx <id^,> b wo^Bci^ Baom jiosrbhb 

^yBCiseBia cyxB cJiixCTBie xl[6o namucch cxpacrefi, jib6o Bamero 



*) Bume/'crp. 75-^76. 



— 224 — 

HesHaHia. Ill pascyacAeme (hs'l 4) H3JiaraeTi», pascMaxpHBaTb 
JiH (jiyxi> hjih) pftsyMX KaKX ;iap'B npHpo;^Ej, h-th KaR-B M^ACTBie 
BocnHTania. 

Hsx Bcero 8Toro mh MoaeMx tojlko aaK-nroqaxL, qxo co^n- 
HeHie rej!BBei],ifl, A'feflCTBHTejiBHO, npoH3Be.io o^eHL CHJiBHoe sne- 
TOTjjinie na nainHXi iohhxx $0jioco(|)Obx h nocjyatHJio, Shts 
MO^KeTT), npejiMeTOMi ctojib ase OffiecToneHHtix'B h ropaMaxi jie- 
CaTOBx, KaKTj B^ocJI4;^CTBiH yneHia IQejiJiHHra h Ferejifl: ho ot^l 
dTOTO emfi ;^ajeKo ao loro^ ^to6h FejibBei^ifi *) c^'bjia.acfl ji,jlh hhx'b 
HenpepeKaeMMMx aBTopnTexoMx. Mh nojiaraeMTi mme^ hto PaAn- 
m,eBx H ero KOMnania ne mofjih c^ijaTLca xaKt jierKO waiepia- 
jHCiaMH, h6o yate 6l3jiit nocBameHBi (qpeai HjaTHepa) bi $hjbo- 
co(|)CKyio ;^iaJ[IeBTHKy. 

Bi HamHXT> ipyiiax'B ^BiH^ecKia Bosspinia rpa(|)a JI. H. 
TojTCToro" (rjiaBa IV) h „$HJioco(J)ia h JHTepaTypa" (cTaiBa II) 
MEi ycTanoBH.iH odmyio cxeMy bo3M05khbix'b ^hjioco^ckhxx Mipo- 
BOsapiHifi: 1) MaxepiajiHCM'B — MexanHCM'B (axoMHCMx), 2) yHH- 
BepcajHCMT. (H;ieajiHCM'B) h 3) KpnTHHecKifl HH;iHBH;tyajiHCMi 
(naHncDXHCMx). MamepiuAUCMz npHSHaexx cyScTanciii hhj[hbh- 
^lyajiBHHMH, HO He CHHTaeT^ .^y^y cy6cTaHii;ieK). VHueepcaAucM 
npHBHaeii jiyxoBHoe Haqajio, ho, buj^s. cy6cTaH!;iH to.ibko bi 
o6mHOCTaxB (ynHBepcajriaxB), OTpHi^aeTx cyficTaHuiajibHOCTB hh- 
;^HBHj^yajiBHofl ;^ymn. KpumuHecniit undueudyaAUCMd ^), naKo- 
Henix, npHBHaeT'B cy6cTaHii;iH tojibko bb HH;^MBE[J^yaJII)HHX^ 
;^ymax^. OxcFOjia mh bhahm/b, tic saii^nmaxB 6e3CMepxie, x. e. 



^ Mh nojibBOBajiHCB Hsj^anieMB co^HHeHiii FejibBeuiH: Ocuvres complettes 
de M. Helvetius, Nonvolle edition, corrigee et augmentee sur les Mannscrits 
de riuteur... A Londres, 1780-81 Bi 5 TOMaxB (I nil t.— De Tesprit, III hIV 
De rhomme, V— OKonnaHie aioro coh. h mcjikIh nponsBeaeHifl. Bb 1 tom* Essai 
STir la vie et les ouvrages deM. Helvetins— cip. V— CXV. acHSHH, coHHaeHiaxB 
H $HJioco(})iH ^eJIbBe^ifl cm. y Ph. Damiron, Memoires pour servir & rMstoire de 
la pBilosopMe an XVIII siecle, t. I, mem. IV., ctp. 356—528. 

^) Gp. Hamy 6pomH)py allsB ncTopin KpHTHHecRaro HUABBnAyajiDCHa». 



— 225 — 

seyHEqiomaeMOCTB OTji,ijihEo1t (HHABBB^tyajibHoS) AyniH He mo- 
seix, ocTasaflCB nocj'i&AOBaTejitHUMx ce6%, hh MaTepiajincTX, 
HH yH0Bepca.iHCTx. 0;^HH tojibko npHBepateHi^H KpHTHHecKaro 
HH^^BBHAyajHCMa MoryTx aamemaTb „6e3CMepTie ;^ymH*. 

nTaEi, Pa^^nn^eBx, npe;^CTa6HBmifi cipofiHoe h nocArbdoea- 
meAhuoe Hsjoatenie ^^oetphhu o SescMepxiH He Mor-L 6htb hh 
yHHBepcajiHCTOMx, HE MaxepiajiHCTOMii. 

EcjiH ss,e FajtHH^eBi), RaRB mm bh^^^jih BBime est> nsjose- 
nia, d/6«?cw««^me;^ft«o ne 6um MaTepiajrncxoM'B (;i:a h ue Mcm 
HMx 6uTB, 8an^Hn^afl 6e3CMepTie HHjiHBHAyajBHofi dymu)^ a Ha- 
ofiopoT^, BecBMa 8fleprHHH0 BBicxynajii npoxHsi MaxepiajHCMa, 
TO HaAo6HO pas-B HaBcer;^a nepecmamh npnqHCJraxB ero (no^HHHaacB 
noBepxHocxHOMy Bsrjiaiy HyniRHHa) r'b ^0CJIi;^0BaxeJIaMx $paH- 
i^yscRHX'B MaxepiajrHCxoBX XVIII siRa. 

He pas^tijiaa ynenifi MaxepiajiHCxnqecRHX'B, Paj^wmeBX mof-b 
6hxl yqeHHROMX XVIII b. b^ jipyroMx BaacHOM'B oxHomeHin, a 
BMeHHO, Ha nonpnmi n^efi ofini.ecxBeHHBix'B, noJiHxnqecRHX'B, lopn- 
jUHqecKHXx H X. ;^. H;^eH HH;^HBH;^yaJIBHofi CBo6o;tH h paBencxBa 
JK);i;efl xopomo Baatyxca ci Mexa(|)H3HR0H) EpHxanecRaro hh;i;h- 
BH;iyaJiHCMa, Roxopaa npoBosrjracHJia npHHiiiHnx jhhhocxh. He 
npHHa;^jiema rx ^0CJli;^0BaxeJaM^ MamepiaAucmuuecKOu Memas/Su- 
3UKU $pftHD,y3CR0fl ^^HJioco^CRoft HiKOJiBi XVIII B., Pa;i;an],eBx 
Bcio mnsHB ocxaBaj[ca noR^roHHHROMT. (|)paHi^y3CKHX^ oceoffodu- 
meAhuuxd H^ieft, KaRx ocxaBajrca BipHHMi bx jExepaxyp-i jnyxy 
H xoHy cenmuMeumaAhuaw HanpaejieHifl. 

^xo ate Eacaexca b^ qacxnocxH FejibBei^ia, ROxopuMX (ci 
ero sRe co6cxBeHHBixi cjiob'b) nonpeKaexx ero nyniEHHi, xo na 

^HJI0C0(|)CR0M'B XpaEXaX*]^ He OEaSBIBaeXCa HOHXH HHEaEUX'B CJLijI,OBT> 

BJLiania FeJiBBecia. Oh-b bobcc hc aBxepHxexx jijisl Pa;i;HniieBa, 
EOTopufi mssie H He ccEijraexca na nero. Tojibso oahhi pasx 
(BHine, cxp. 90) ohi no He3HaHHxejtbH0My nOBO^y ynoMUHaexx 
o6x o;i;hom'b neBa^KHOMx MH']&HiH FejiBBei^ia, n xo JieniB ^ne 6e3z 
BipoaxHocxH", ^xo pyEH 6hjih qejiOBiEy nyxeBO^HxeJiBHHi^H ri 

15 



— 226 — 

pasyMy ^); saiiMt PaAHmeBi ynoMHHaeT'B FejiBBei^ia eme ipi 
pa3a, H BO BciTh cjiyqaaxi HMeHHo oxBepraa eroMH^Hifl, KSXh 
npoTHBonojiOKHUfl ero co6cTBeHHUM'b. 

Ohx (BLEoie, CTp. 166) npaMO BHCTynaeTt npoTHBi HanCojie 
cyn^ecTBeHHoB jiorHHecROfi h ncsxoJiorHHecROfi jj^ortphhei FejibBe- 
D;ia, 6y;^T0 Bci AiScTBia pasyMa (nonaTie, cyatAenie, yMosaKJiro- 
^enie) cyxb jihdib omymenie — sentir, cb ^iwb ne coBcfeMi co- 
rjiamajtca eu\e YmaKOB'L bi JleSni^nr'^ (cm. Bume, cxp. 223), h 
BasuBaeTi ero js^owjua. ucKyccmemuuMU, Cha^UMU HasuBaeT'B 
OHT> AOBo;^II FejiBBCAia (sHme, CTp. 100) B'Bnojiisy Toase o^Hoft 

H3!B ocHOBHBix'B Hj^efi FejEBBei^ia odx „e;i:HH0CHJ[iH paByMOBX^. 

HaROHeA'B, H rjiaBHaa ji^oRTpnea FejiBBei^ia o BOcnHTaniH, na 
ROTOpofi nocTpoena bmi Bca leopia o6ii^ecTBeHHaro ycxpoficTBa, 
Tome OTBepraeica Paji^Hni.eBUM'B, noxoMy ?xo c% eeH) ne Mosexx 
coFJiacHXBca, no ero MH^HiH) (Bume, cxp. 108) hhrxo, Bony 
npBxo^^HJiocB Ha6j[H)AaxB pasBHxie ^t'ikxefi e hm^xb ci hhmh ^i^jeo, 

BJIH XOXB nodKBaXB Bl Ha^aJIBHOlfB y^HJIHII^i. ,,n3a]I],H'6SniHM'B' 

y^HxejieM'B o BOcnHxaHin PajEHmeBX HaBBiBaexx Pycco, Roxoparo 
FejiBBeuiS onpoBeprajix h Roxopoiiy nocBaxHJix hohxh i^ijiBBOiCB 
Section V CBoero xpyaa De rHomme. Hecooacie PajtHn^esa 
c^ FejiBBei^ieMi mosho 6u yKasaxB en;e n bx ApyrHX'B M^cxaxi, 
r;i^ OHX ne HasBiBaex'B ero, nanp., bx yqeniH o saffAyotcde- 
uinxb (BBinie, cxp. 102 — 104) h o npoHCxoas-AeniH bcjihrhxi 
jLJOjieU (BHme, cxp. 189), — KaRi btvl y^enia HSJioaeHKE y Feat- 
Ben,ia: o 3a6.nyaLAeHiaxx bI) I Discours De I'EspFit h o BejERHXi 
jiioAflxi— Bi Discours III, chap. XXIIL 



*) rcAheeuiu b^b crmomi Ha^ajii co^nneHiji «0 pasyiii*, Disc. I, chap. I, 
CTp. 2 H npHM^^. CTp. 2—4 pasBHBacT'B 8T0 uH^Hie, HO ne b*b nojrosHTejiBHoi 
<{>opMi. a B^B BonpocHTeJTBHod: -^wb 6ujLE 6r jqoah Aftxe npH sensibilite phy- 
sjqne h memoire (ab'6 ncHXH^ecsiJi cnoco6HOCTH) 6e3i certaine organisation ex- 
terienre, ecjca 6u Hanp. npnpoAa efit termine nos poignets par nn pied de che- 
yal?... Mh HCHMi^JEH 6h HAefi— h 6e3i HcsyccTsa, 6e8i nocejienit, ^esi san^HXH 

6poAHJiH 6u no jiicaMi dso HHinie onpoBopraeTCs EoHHeToiTB bi^ «DaxsH- 

reHeciH», II partie, cli. lY. 



— 227 — 

HiaRi RaBofi-j[06o (|)HJioco^cBofl saBHCEMOCTH Pa^^on^eea 
OT'L FejEbBei^ifl b% btomi ipaBTarJ^ o tfescMepxiH He Momeix 

Mu BHA'J^JiH, ?T0 Fa3;Hiii,eBa, Basi ctporaro, ocHOBaxejiL- 
Haro H nocATbdoeanieAhHaw san^HTHUBa descMepiifl imdueudyaAh- 
HoU dymu^ Ha;^o6HO npHiHCJUBTb bi npeACiaBETejiflMi Kpumuueo- 
xmo uudueudyoAUCMa hjh naBncHXHCMa (cm. Bume, CTp. 225). 
GnpamHBaeTca, OTByia srb ohi> mofx no^epnaTB onopy cbohmi 

BOSBplHiflM'B, B Bl BOMJ OB'S MOF'B npBMLIBaTB? 3;iiCB MOJBHO 

npe^^nojioa^HTB ^Ba HCTO^HHBa: bjih peAUtiomuti — xpacTiaaCTBO, 
BJiB ^UAOcoc^CKO-uwyHuuu — Moea;^OJIO^ia JlettGuum' TaBOBH ^Ba 
BejiBBHX'B npoflBjenifl spnTEiqecBaro HBAHBB;i;yaJiHCiiia b% TeqeHiH 
BOBofi eBponefiCKott HcropiH. Rasi Mucjunejib, Pa;^Hii;eB'B npH- 
MBByjix K% ^uLAOCoi^Y JIefi6HHiiy, MOBa^ojiorifl BOToparo ao chxi 
nopx ocxaeTca ejiBHCXBeBBOio aaeepmeuHOio CBCTeMOK) 0umco0iu 
KpaTu^ecBaro BHAHBB;(yaj[BCMa. 

PajiHmeBt Bx MeTa(|)H3HBi „^0CJl4;^0BaJI^*' JlefiCflimy, ^j/jw- 
emeeuHOMy ucnMuny^^ bebi ohx ero BasHBaeix (o;iHoro hbx 
Bcixi r^HTHpoBaHHHxx (J)HJioco$OB'B H y^eHiix^): „;^a 6y3;eTx 
OHX HaMi onopoTO'* (BHDie, CTp. 200). I^HTaxoK) H3i JIeB6H0i^a 
a:e yKpamen^ caMHfi TpaBiaT^: „HacToamee HpeBaTO 6yjiymBMi**, 
— Mucjh, npoxojiamaa KpacHOK) BHTbio qpesi bcio RBHry. KaKx 
TOJibKO Pa:i0meBi saBan^HBaeTx BBejieBie, nepBHa jiB'b qacTH 
TpaKTaia ((|)HJioco(|)eKyK) aHTponojioriio h o6^ee MeTa$H3H«iecBoe 
yneaie o CBoficTBaxi Maiepie h jiyxoBnaro BaqaJia) b nepexoitHTx 
B'B III qacTB R'L nojioaiHTejiLHOMy BSJioaseHiK) jtOBxpaHU o 6e3- 
CMepTin, OBT> Q3JiaraeTi> B033p^Bia J[efi6HBqa, Ba^Beaa cl saBona 
HenpepHBHocTH, h ccHJiaeica Ha aero (Bume, cip. 148). 

Mq uojipo6EO viS JiOTRViJivi Mfiisia Pa^^Bu^eBa. B^tae (cxp. 
184 — 185) 0BT> caMX rpynnHpyeix npBBeAeBHiie Biix jiOBoiu 
(ece^ ?t6 bioxbo csadaxB ^BibpoaTBUMi o6pa30if!B bi Ban^BiiieBiB 

IlepBaa rpynna (cxp. 184 Biime) ^(oboaobi BSJiaraia 

15* 



— 228 — 

TV MHCJb JlettfiHHua, 1T0 Jiyma — b% hpothbhoctl Tfi.iy, KaK-B 
CJioatHOMy HJiH arrperaiy — ecTL cymecxBo npocToe h hc cjoatHoe, 
a noTOMy ne MOSKeTx 6htb yHHHToaieHa (^eciecTBeHHHM'B ny- 
TeMx**, KaK'B w^aBJifleT'B JleftfiHHi^x); 3:ynia ne MOKeT-L 6uTh h 
npojiysTOMi T^jia. 

BTopue ;i:oBO;(ti nsoCpa^sajiH j[eS6HHi;eBy mhcjib o bocxo- 
;^aI^efi nocTeneHHOCTH Bcix'h cymecTBi bi nipt. B% qejOBiKi, 

BaRl ^MHSpOROCMf , flBHU BC^ eCTeCTBeHHEIfl CHJIET, HO eCTB E 

ojtna cwet^w^t^^ecfca/i caia: MiicjieHHOCTb. EcxecTBOBij^enie y^Hit 
BacB HeyHHHToaRaeMOcfH cbjiu. MacjieHHOCTB, ^peBOCxo;^Bififflaa 
Hsi Bcixx CHJi^, T^Mi nane ne Moateix HcqesHyTB. 

TpeTBfl rpynna ;^OBo;^OB^, ncuxoAotUHecKan^ BKipaffiaeT'B 
C060K) peaK^iK) npoxeBX naiepiaJiHCTB^ecKaro ceHcyajHCMa, ko- 
Toputt nporjia^iiHBaeT'B y»e y Jlonna (ero MHteia orpaHHHeHEi 
BOBpameniflMH JIefl6HHD;a bi Nouveaux Essais), a oco6eHH0 
pasi^B'fijix B^ CHCTeMaxx Eonj^HJiBaKa, rejiBBei];ia h ^ipyrnxi 
^pani^ysoBi XVIII CTOJiiTia. PajtHmeBi* j^oKasHBaeTi, ^to mh- 

CJieHHOCTB OTJIHHHa OTX HyBCTBeHHOCTH, ^TO OHa MOffiCTX TBOpHTb 

H TaKoe, Hero ona ho nojiynaeTi oxx HyBCXBii, hxo MBicjieHHOCTB 
^ttttcxByexi H Bi oxBJie^eHiH oxi xijia, h qxo ona He ecxB ae- 
jneme hjib ^i^ficxBie x'i^JiecHOfi opraHH3ai(iH. 

^OBasaBmH CescMopxie ;^yniH BOo6me, Pa^iinn^eBX nepexo- 
jijsTb vh IV-fi KHHri xpaBxaxa kx Bonpocy 6j[H»afiffleMi 6y- 
symeMX HHWBHByajBHOfi jiymH, qx5 Moatexi 6btxb sa npeiijiaME 
ceft acHSHB (cxp. 186 BKiine). OxBepraa ;^b4 bosmotkhocxb (cxp. 190), 
Hxo Aynia nepecejiaexca bjb bx xaKoe ate cymecxBO, bjh hi 
HBsmee, ohx BucBasiiBaexca sa e;i;BHCxBeHHO ocxaK>n^yK)ca euy 
xpexBK), a BMeHHO, ?xo j^yma no ciiepxB ^^ojia^Ha nepexoAHn 
Bx 6ojiie coBepmeHHoe cocxoanie — noxoMy, ^xo na ocHOBafliH 
jiefldHHi^eBa saBona HenpepuBHOfi nocxeneHHOCXB coBepmeHCXBO- 
Banie ecxB Mema MucjieBHaro cy^ecxBa (BBime, cxp. 195), h 
9X0 Bocxo2K;^eHie ^ejiOB^Ba ne HM'i&ex'B npe^^^Jia: oho ofiiieMJiers 
6e8B0HeHH0cxB, Bce^jiarifi Bon ne Mori CA'i&JiaxB hsi naci By- 



— 229 — 

EOJiOB'B, n juaBafl HaM'b noHflTb 6jiaxeHCTB0 (cip. 197) coBepmeH- 
CTBa — emfi Ha seMJii, r^i AOCTHrHyxt ero ii'l^iuaeTi t4jio, He aiiejiaji 
ace HacB o6MaHiiBaTb Ha;iesAOK) na jrynmee 6y3;ymee sa CMepiBK). 
^yraa, ocbo6o;^bb(uhcb CMepTiio oti Tijia, CTaneT'B CBoCo^^nie e 
o6hobht'l cboh cHJiii, Bas'L uocjii CHa, ne jnniaflCB o;iHaso cano- 
co3HaHia (cTp. 199 Btime). Ecjih hc ;^o^ycKaTb npoTHBopi^ia 
Bi co3;iaHin 6HTia, h ecjH HacToamee (coBepraeHCTBOBanie) npejco- 
npe;^ijiaeT'B 6yAyniee, to ^0CJri;^Hee ne MoateT'B 6ejtb xy»e, 6htb 
safifienieM^ hjih chomi. Ha seMJii cpe;^CTBOM^ coBepmeHcxBO- 
Bania (cip. 204) 6BiJia opraHHsai^ia; no CMoprn ocTasaacB B-ibp- 
hhmx BjijiH coBepmeHCTBOBania, ^ejiOB'feK'B 6y;^eTx HMixB ^tpyryio 
opraHH3aD;iK), eme jyHmyH). Cboc 6y;tymee nejOBiKi, KaKx y^HTTb 
JlefiOHHni'B, onpej^ijaeTx HacToantHMi (aTH^ecKoe cji43;cTBie ne- 
Ta(|)H3nqecRaro saROHa): th b'b ce6i BaBJiioqaeniB n 6jia»reH- 
CTBO, H sjoaojiyHie: Ka3HB shbctx cocMeana 3JioynoTpe6j!eHiaM'B 
(cTp. 205). 

Otm'I^thm'b tot'b jiH)6onBiTHiifi ^asT'B, ?T0 o6ntiS cnoco6'B 
;^0Ba3BiBaTB CescMepxie ;(yoiH cb tohkh spima J[efi6HHi];a y Pa- 
jtun^eBa noqiH xaKOfi me caMBifi, ?x6 n bb coBpeMennuxi naMi 
EHHraxx dxoro HanpaBJienia. H 3;^icB Mti HaS^eM'B paBJE^ie 
HHIHBH;^yaJIBHa^o tfescMepxia (x. e. CeacMepxia ;^yfflH, EaKB hhah- 
BH;^yaJIBHOfi cy6cxaH^iH) oxx CescMepxia jHqHOcxH. BosBMeMi, 
Hanp., o^Hy mi> HOBiflniHX'B KHarx axoro po;^a: Fycmaea Teux- 
MWAAepa ^BescMepxie jtymn" (bbudjio bx pyccKOMi nepcBOA* 
nojvh MoeK) pe^caKi^ieK), lOpBesi, 1895). Ha cxp. 129 mbi HaxojiHM'B, 
qxo „^HJ[oco4)CBHMx nyxeMi mo;irho ^^OBasaxB HH^cHBH^^yajiBHoe 
BescMepxie anodunmuHecKu^ ^ ana cxp. 131: j^AUUuoe CescMopxie 
neuoTnen* 6uTb jtoRasano anoAHBTnqecBH". 3ax'&M'B npsBOAHxca 
„ dBOHOMHqecBoe ^iOBasaxejiBcxBO jiH^naro npoA^eHJa aamBvi^ 
nyxeMi) oneHB cjiomnaro, ho HsauiHaro CHJijorHCMa: mbi npflBe;teM:B 
ero „3aEJ[H)<ieHie^, no^xH ^^ocjobho noBxopaK)uiee mucjih Pa^n- 
mesa (B. ;^., cxp. 154): 



— 230 — 

„AnoAHRTH?ecKH AOKasaHo 6ujio tojbro to, hto ;(yma 6e3- 
CHepiBa, H npHTOMi CescMepxHa BH;i;HBiiAyaj[LHo; to me^ hto ona 
TaKse 663011 epTHa, n Rani jibhhoctb^ t. e. hto no CMepTH sa 
HeH) coxpaHHTCfl JLvmBoe cosaame npioGp'^TOHHaro eio 2&a3HeHHaro 
co^^epsanifl, aojisho c?HTaTB HaH6ojiie b'^poatehmi, ocjih co- 
oCpasBTb, ^TO Mipi Boo6me nocTynaTejiBHO H^^eTi rx coBepraeH- 
CTBy, a BCflRie ycuixn BOSMoa^Hn tojibro nocpe;iCTBOMi npecoBO- 
Rynjeeifl eoBaro pasBHTia rx npeAEi;i;ymeMy n AOCTHraH)TCfl hh- 
;tHBHAyajiBHiiMB cy6cTaHi^iflMB. TaR'B RaR'B Ayma, noBBAHMOMy^ 
HBRor;ia ho TepfleTi> CBoero npio6p']kTeHBaro ;RBBHeHHaro co;^ep- 
asaHia b b% caMofi ce6'b o^Jia^^aeTi CTpeMJieaieifB b cbjioh) na 
jiSLJLhBMmee pasBBTie, a 8T0My cTpeMjeHiio bi BCTopia ?eJvo- 
BiqecTBa BOBce hc ^ano em.e y;niOBJieTBopeHia, to ho ocxaeTca 
HBiero BHoro, RaRi^ npBSHaTB, hto Bame ao cbxx nopx npio6- 
p^TeHHoe o6pa30BaHie h pa6oTa ne npona^yT'L 6es% bojibsii, 
HO HTO BaMi npe^^CTOBTX xenepB noKa en^e CRpsiToe aah nacB 
^aJiBHifimee cyn^ecTBOBaHie, b'b ROTopoMi mbi cb HBiH'i&mHeft 
CTyneHB npo^ojixBicB CBoe jib^hoo pasBBTie; aaMi noj^en'B ot- 

RpUTBCfl HOBBlfi Ifipi CX COJIBmBMl HOnpBBl.eH'B CB BBAaMH Ha 

coBepmeHCTBo". 

Hasonei^x, rjaBa: sMoKeTx jib ^yma cyn^ecTBOBaTB tfesi 
rj&jia?" (cTp. 176 — 183) b pascyat/^enia Pa^Hn^eBa o 6y;^y^^e8 
op^aHH3a^iB (BBime, CTp. 200 — 203) cjiyataTx ;^pyrx ;^pyry KaRtfa 
AonojiHemeMi b BsasMBHicB paBiacHeHienx. 

To, ^TO Pa^tBH^eB'B 6ujii> snaROMx ex Jlefi^HBi^eMx ho RaRx- 
jib6o noBepxHOCTHO, a Bsy^ajix ero ocnoBaTejiBHO, hto ohx Bomejirb 
Bx ;tyxx BToro jifo^BMaro CBoero ifiicjiBTeja, jtoRasBiBaeTca ca- 
MHMx cnoco6oMx ero BiipaaieHia. Bepeiix jiJia oCpasi^a h'6crojbro 
npBM^poBx. Yhb? Tosenie (BBEine, crp. 165) Pa^^nn^eBx nojefi6- 
HB]i.eBCRB noHBMaexx, RaRx ,fU3ZHmie fis6 sceAenuo^^ ^ ^Bca eoa- 
MOotcHOcmh (BBime, CTp. 203) npenua bx drbiicmetimeAhMcm^ 
npoAx na^ajioMx y«e BpeneHx", to, ot6 tfy^erx, yate Guao bx 



— 231 — 

HesLiojeMOMx nopjiAK']^^ h t. a- — mosho noAo6paTB MHoa^ecTBO 
Do;iio6Hiix'B BupaseHifi, ^hcto bi ^^yxt JlefiCeBi^a. BunHCiiBaTB 
Hxi Bci — ^BHaHHJO 611 CHOBa jifkjia.Th nepecBasx Bcero xpy^^a Pa- 
piqena. 



Bx npoTHBHOCTi) TocnojicTByiomeMy uE'kmv) — ^PawmeBa no 
ero MeTa4)H3nHecRHM'B h o6ii;e(|)QJioco(|)CKnM'B Bsrjifl^taMii npexo- 
;iHTca npnsHaTb — ne nocjiiAOBaTejieM'B ^viJiocoipiii (J^paHqysoBi 
XVIII B.j a — MUSuui^eueMbj npHBepateHi^eM'L (|)Hjioco$iH J[efl6- 
HHi^a, H npHTOM'B jiefi6HBii;eBa HanpaejeHifl ne bi ypoAJneot 
nepepa6oTK'6 BojiB^a, a Bt ero doji'fee hjh MCHte hhctomx BHAi. 
TpaKxaTx A. H. „0 ^eJOBtKi, o ero cmopthocth h 6e3CMepTiH", 
ojpuRTy HSi caifuxi paRHHxi) no BpeiceHH nJio;^OBii pyccRofi (fia- 

JIOCO(|)CROfi MHCJBf, 6UJI% H OAHEMl 113% nepBKXX naMflTHHKOB'B 

jiefi6HHii;eBoS (|)HJioco4)in Ha pyccROMi asur^. 

IlTaR7>, B'B o6pa80BaHin e y6isiAeEUX'h Paj^nn^eBa, Rponi yse 
yRasaHHaro cjoa — $paH^y3CR^xl BiaHift h BJiianifl, neofixopMO 
OTqepRHyTB n BH^BHHyTB eme ^pyroft cjioS, ho MOHie BaaHHB 
H CTOJTB JEe paHHflro oponcxoaKAeBifl, HiieHHO ero CHMnaTifi Ri 
JlefifiHHi^y H (|)HJioco4)iH „RpHTH^ecRaro HH;iHBH;i;yaJiHCMa". 3Ton 
po^ix ero y64m;[eHifi nepaapHBHO CBasHBaJca y nero ex BecbMa 
no;^xo;^ameK) rjlsl Toro ^o;^^o^BOH) — ^aRxaiiH h leopiaMH ecTeciBeH- 
Huxx HayRx. TaRaa aMajcBraifa HH^yTB ho y^HBHTejBna. B^ab h 
caMx JIe(i6HHi^'B 6ujix o]s,viet> hsi BejrH^afimHX'B ecTecTBOB'^AOBi, 
H ero ^erjioco(|)CRia y6'6m;^eBia BupaCoTiiBajucB pyRa 06% pyfty 
Ch nocxpoeHieMi ^usi/mecKETb h MexaHniecRHX'B xeopifi, bhIct^ 
ci osHaROMJieHieM'B ci hobumh AaBHUMH ecTecTB0B']&;i'6Hia, sa- 
qacxyH) ^asBe no^x hxx BJiiaHieiix (oTspBiTia bx o6jiacTH MHRpo- 
CRonin). Bx XVIII CTOjixiH BecBMa Maorie ecxecTBOBtiH 
AepnajincB BBrJia^OBx JIefi6HHi^a h nacTO b% 6oJi'be ^hctomx bea% 
^'kul> cnei^iajiHCT£i-(|)HJioco(}>£[ BOJiB(|)OBOfi idrojiu. 






— 283 — 

5to6h y6i;^HTBca bti CKasaeeoM'B, Ha;^o6eo OKOHHaxejEbHO uo- 
psaTB CL t4mii B3^Ja;^0M'B Ha PaiiHmeBa, KOTopHfl ycTaHOEHjcaci 
nyniKHHa; HeJbsa npeACTaBjaxb 0664 PaAHmeBa, TOJbKO KaKt 
HEHeT^EiRa, HaxBaTaBinarocfl pasHUxi CB'6;ieHifi nyieMi HecHCie- 
MaTHHecKaro ^xeHia ^paHi^yscKHXi KHurs. HenpaB;^a, mto Pa^H- 
meet (KaK-B h ipyrie pyccKie CTy;^eeTH) ne 6ujii» bx JreSm^Hrt 
Bx CHJiax'B noHHMaTB JieKn;iH npo^eccopoBx sa HesHanieMx ni- 
Mei^saro asHKa. HaooopoTi., pyccKHXx CTy^eHTOBi mo»ho 6h, 
noatajyfl, ynpeKnyTL liMx, ^to ohh qepesiypx OHiMe^BJiHCb sa- 
^paHH^eK), tvo ohb ;^a»e pasy^HJiHCb no pyccKH, nepenHCHBa- 
lacb no HiMeDiKH h nepecHnajin 6ecij5,Y HHocTpaHHHMH cjoBaiiH. 
^aKTi — TO, ^To Pa^Hmesy no BosBpa^enin b'b Pocciro npHm- 
jiocb ynumhCH pyccKOMy asHKy, 6paTb ypoKH (y A. B. Xpano- 
eumato) H A'bJidLTh ynpaHrHenia bx pyccKOMX jHTepaTypnoM'B 

CTHJii Xoxa nocHJiKa sarpanni^y HMijra rJiaBHOio i^^JibH) no;t- 

roTOBJienie sHaion^HXt lopHCxoBx, ho Pa/tHu^eBx niHpoKO Bocnojb- 
soBaJica rocxenpiHMCTBOM'B JleBnqHrcKaro yHHBepCHxexa h no^epn- 
Hyjii xaM-b, KpoM'i SHania npaea, eme Meoria CB4;i;'feHia, a rjaB- 
Hoe — npome-ii ocHOBaxejibHHtt Kypcx ^njioco^iii h ecxecxBen- 

HHXl HayR'B. 

Heo6xoAHMO oxKaaaxbca oxx xoro Jioatnaro MHinia, hxo 
A. H. 6ujn> HepaAHBHM'b cxvAeHxoMi. Oh'b 6ujn> xopomaMi y^e- 
HHROM'b o^eHE xopomaro ynaxejia, npaB^a, b-l xy nopy eu^e ne 
pasBepeyBfflaroca bo Bcefi Moni,H cbohxi yMCXBennnxx chjix. Ecjjh 
MBi cnpocHMi, RTO 6ujii> B'b Aeiuuflv^ rjiaBHUM'L yqaxejeifx 
Pa^mn^esa, rxo HajiOffiHJnE> na ero yfiimAenia HeHsrJia/tHMyK) ne- 
qaxB $HJioco(j)iH •lefiCnHDia h ecTecxBOBiAenia, o6pa6oxaHHaro 
BX xoMii ^e ]iY^% 1*0 Mu npHHy:Kjg;eHEi BcnoMHBXb HMa dpucma 
JiMLmnepa ^). 

EcJiH Pycco, Ma6ji[H, Pefinajib h ;^pyrie MHCJCHxejiH onpe- 



*) Cm. Bume, cip. 65—74. 



234 



flijiHjH C060K) o;tHy CTopoHy yoiatiiefliB PaAumeBa, ero bsfjaah 
couiaJiBHO-nojiHTHqeeKie, H)pH;(HqecRie h SKOHOMEqecBie, to dpacT'L 
IIJiaTHepi 6hj['l ^tyxoBHiiMi oiueM'B PaABn^eBa na nonpHiA'6 qac- 
Tofi <|)0j[oco4)iH, H OTi IIjiaTHepa to Pa^^Hn^eBx h nepeHiU'B (|)kjio* 
co(|)iK) spHTHqecBaro eH;^EBG[;iyajiHCMa, 4>HJioco^iK) JIefi6HHi^a. 

Pa^HmeBx (BHffle, cxp. 178) tobopht-b, KaKi Oojismoft 
P'6;^B0CTH, coe;^HHeHiH ^Bpa^efiaaro HCKyccTsa ct AyxoifL ;ih)6o- 

My^pCTBeHHBlM'L". IIJiaTHepi CfalJl'B OAHHM'B 031 npoACTaBETejeS 

dToro p'&ABaro Tsiia MeAEBa-4>iiJioco4)a (RaREMi> bi XIX cTOJiiTie 
6biji'b samiHaTejikHEifi MEicjisTejiL Py^^o^iB^i Te^MB.Ei> JToime, 
Tose CBJOHflBinificfl b'l JIe06HHi^y). IIJiaTHepii, no cnei^iajiB- 
HOCTE MejiBKx-^Bsiojior'B, E BM'ikcT']^ cx T^Mx cnei^iajiHCT'B- npo- 
({)eccop'B (|)EJioco4)iE, 6uji> o^hemi esi BamHifimflxi H'&ifeii;BEX'B 

(|)fljI0C04)0BX XVIII B. fl OAHEIfB ES'B BE^^HiflniEXl eCTeCTBOB'l^AOB'S 

j[ei16BHaeBa EianpaBJieHifl bi to Bpeiifl ^). 

MeTa(|)E3flBy IIjiaTHepa (bi es nocTOflHHOM'B paseETiH h 

E8M']&HeHiE) fl306pa3EJIli E COnOCTaBEJIli Ha OCHOBaniE M'J^CT'B ^3^ 

ECToqHBBOBT. jBpcm«^p2 (t. 103, CTp. 12 — 43). B-BTeieHie CBoeft 
jiojivoli mEBBB UjaTBepi Heo;^HOKpaTHo BBM'ikHflji'B CBOE nojose- 
nifl (bo, npeBMyn^ecTBeHBO, bi nacTHOCTflxi) no;^^ BJiiflsieM'B 
Tpyj^OB'B KaBTa, 9He3BAeMa b TeTeBca (BBinie, CTp. 66 — 70)* 
Ho ^CKenxBi^HCM'B*' IIjraTHepa coctobt-b b-b tomt>, qTO ohx see 
6oji4e H 6oJiie ocTopoatHO naqaHaeTX — bx sEj^y noJieMBKB ch 

^BpBTBItBCTaME'' BHpaSCaTB CBOe OTHOmeHie Bl CBCTeM'i JIeff6- 

HBii;a, noj^ucBEBafl jijb Toro ^opnyjiBi noTOinie. Bi I BS^^aaiB 



^) IlpH osHaKOMJieHiir ci IIJiaTnepoMi iriii pyROBOACTBOBaJBcb, RpoMt noA- 

JEHHHblXl ero TpYAOBl (<A4)0pHCH0B'b», cAHTponOJIOrillB H AP)  paSJH^HIiIX'b 

o6mHXi coHHHeRiM, paooTaMB, jRasaHHUMH Bume (crp. 66—68), KaKi nanp., 
HOHorpa4)ieH) Bpetuuepa bi OT^tjibHOMi HdAanin (coRpam.) n bi> Zeitsclirift f^ 
PMlosopliie und pMlosopMsclie Kritik, Neue Folge, tomi 100, 1892 r. Ernst 
Platners und Eants Erkenntnisstlieorie mit besonderer Ber&cksicliti^ng von 
Tetens nnd Aeuesidemns, cip. 1—25, t. 101 (3a 1893 r.), cxp. 203—264 h t. 
402 (3a 1893 r.), cip. 1—43. 



— 235 — 

ii^opHCMOB'B'' 1776 r. ohi en^e BCeA'bjo h BnojHt npHSHaji'B 
|IOHa;(OJioriK>" J[efi6HHita; ho en^e h bxIII obi BcexasH npe^ 
^^uxaeTii aiy CHCxeMy ocTajbHUMi ^). 

^yma, RaEi cy6cTaHAifl, ^jra IIJiaTHepa ecxB cuAa '), h 
^HTOMi CHjua MdMamepia^5Ha>i '). ToMdecmeo u AUHuocniHOcmb 
fmH (Identit&t und Personlichkeit) cyxt wa HjaxHepa o6»e«- 
|K6Mt)/;{ lacxHHEi ^). EcjH IIJiaxHepx si cxapocxe cxaHOBHJca 
le ocxopoasH'i^e h ocxoposH'&e bi cbohxi BEjpaasemflX'B, npe- 

)pOBjIflflCL Kl HOBEIMX ^^^•^O^^^^CK^^'^ npieMaMl HOBOfi ^H- 

ko$CKOft piiH, cxaHOBHJca Bce ^CKenxH^Hie", xo bi anoxy 

^pBarO JiSASLElB CBOHX'L ^A^OpHCMOBl", paBBO H H^CEOJIbEO 

Irh xoMy Hasaxx,— Korjta ero cjiymaji. Pa;iHmeBi, 6hji'b emje 
no j6imjs,eEi&u'b^ h noasHKy — BnoJiH-fe npaBOBipena Aett^HU" 

njiaxHepi cjaBHJCfl, KaR'B npenoj^aBaxe^B, n npsBJieRaji'L 
iccy CTy^^enxoBi, OEasuBaa na CBoexx cjiymaxejiefi rponaAHoe 
dflHie (BHffle, cxp. 72 — 73). HeyatejiH ojiBHt xojtbko Pa;i;H' 

JCBI, BX KOXOpOMX BCi BOAHepKHBafOX'B erO BeofiUHafiflyH) BOC- 
piHMHHBOCXB, BBe^aXJIBXeJIBBOCXB, J^OJSeBX 6UA'h OCXaXBCfl Bl 

ropoBi ox-B ero Baiaaia, yBJOBBXBca ox-b aero — h nocjit mbofo- 
BTHBX'B saBaxifi no^^'B pyBOBOACXBOM'B IIjraxBepa^ buHlth ox'b 

BTO, „BaKl HB Bl^eMl Be GUBaJTO^, deSl BCaBBXl npBSBaKOB'B 

tisBifl (o BOxopoifB roBopHxi caMi IIjraxHep'B EapaMSBBy, Bume, 
rp. 73)? MosBo JB ce6'b Bpe;icxaBBXB, ^to6t> b no B03Bpaiii,e- 
iH Ha poABBy Pa^BB^eBi), cxojb saCoxjiBBO CJi^ABBmifi (jiame b 
i cb6bpcboS ccHJiB'i) sa Bciiii, ix5 noaBJiaJiocB bi 3ana;(Hofi 
iBpon'6 saMtHaxejcBBaro bi o6JiacxB HayB'BJ3.4^T^P^xypK[, ocxa- 



») Bpemnepi, t. 103, cip. 21-22. 
*) Tami 2Ke, cip. 31. 
') TaMi ase, CTp. .32. 
*) Cip. 38. 



— 236 — 

Bftjicfl coBepmeHHO He^yBCTBaTejiBBiiM'B k'b cjlh,b^ CBoero y^HTen 
IIjaTHepa, Bce BOspacTEBmefi, h Be sarj^Hyji'B bi ero sHaMeHHia 

„A(|)OpBCMBl'' (CB EOTOpUMH 6hJAT> SHaROMX H KapaMBBBX, BIIOIC 

cxp. 74) — xoTflfiH HBi npocToro JiioSonLiTCTBa, ecjH 6bi b ne 6ujr 

CaMl SaHBT'B (|)HJIOCO(]^CRHMH BOnpOCaMB, Ha EOTOpHe OH'B Mon 

tslvi> HafiTH ce6'b otb'6tx b'b no^^xo^flii^eS h npueuHuoH ][,]t 
ce6a (nocji ycxHEix'B jieKi^ifi HjiaTHepa) ^opMi? BiAi* osHaso 
MBJCfl se OH'B ci no3AHifimBMH xpy^aMH ;(pyroro CBoero jefin 
i^nrcKaro y«fHTe-ia no (|^BJioco(|)iH — Fapee. 

Heo6xo;^HMO npasHaTb, Hsy^aa (|)HJioco$CKi9 TpaKiaxx Pa 
;iHmeBa, hto obi noqepnajri* cbok) aojlio hojibbbi hbi j[%isj(\\ 
IIJiaTHepa, ROTopufl, b^b cjiOBy cKasaTB, BaR'B 9to bhjiho nm 
jA^opHCMOBTB", hm4jih Ty BBCBMa iiojiesHyH) H „BaatHyK) wa CTy 
;^eHTOB'B ocoCohhoctb". hto MH'feHia npo(J)eccopa CHa6ma;iuc! 

nOCTOBBHO 06mHpH£IMH HCT0pHK0-^HJ[0C04)CRHMB CnpaBRaHB 1 

BRCRypcaMM ^) (a 9to 6ujio pi^tKOCTBio Bx HmcmqpuHecKii 
XVJIIb.). Pa;^H^^eB^), HecoMHinHO, Cbiji'b sHaROMX h cx ^A^o- 
pBCMaMH^ (ROTopue 6ujiE yRpameHBi ji,B,me na sarjiaBHOMi 
jHcxi nopipeTOMX JIea6HHn;a). 9th „A4)ophcmbi" npeACxaBjaJi 
C060K) RaE6u CRejieix hjih Koucneumz (|)hj[oco^crhxx jei&i^l 
IIjiaTHepa, 6h[J[h HanncaHH bx 04eHB cofcamoU ^oym'k — oTTorc 
H sarjiaBie. Ho no aroMy sarJuaBiio BOBce ne nyjRHo 3aRJiH)?aTBj 
HTO MHCJiM HjiaTHepa He oxjinqajiHCB (BKinie, CTp. 65), Rasi 
CRasano y CyxoMJiaHOBa, nociiAOBaTejiBHOCTiK) h ho npiynaJi 
B,T> cepBesHOMy MBinuieHiK). ,,A$opHCMBi" oqeHB HOCJiijiOBaTeJBBS 



^) GaMoe aarjiafiie TpyAa: cPhilosopMsclLe Aphorismen nebst einigen Anlei- 
tnngen zur philosophischen Geschichte. Gp. bb npeAHCJOBiH: Ich bingewohnt mii 
der UntersnchTiiig der pMlosopMschen Begriffe die Geschichte derselbea zn ?e^ 
Mnden. Urn das Wesentliche der aasfuhrlichern historischen Erl&nteriingen den 
Ged&clitniss meiner ZuliQrer zu erhalten, liabe icli die litterarisclLen AnmerkU' 
gen anfgesetzt. l^tJibio saMtroRB no HCTopiB cjiysRHJio das Bekannte der phi- 
losophisclLeii Geschichte, was so vielen nnbekannt bleibt, gemeiner zn macheB. 



— 237 — 

f Hanacanu, KaKt BOji^njiOCh tofm, nown more geometrico, 
f. e. no o6pa3Diy Bojit^a h CnHHOSH. 

I Bjiianie JIeB6HHn;a Hepeax IlAamuepa bh^ho y Pa^^HmeBa 
^tfeHHO BT> nOHHMaeiH jiymo:, EaK'B HeMaxepiajiBHOfi, eciecTBen- 
foU cuAu^ cy6cTaHn;iH, caMoH ceC* TOJKjiecTBeHHoif jih^hocth, 
^jiajiaioiAeK) caMOCOSHanieM^ e caMoaosHaHieMx. Ha dioM'B 
poEaxiu jiymH, KaKx cyCciaHi^iH-CHjiH, nocTpoeHti oaBHiie 
|OBo;^H PaAHmeea o SescMepxia ;^yI^H. 

SaMiiHMT* eme o;^HO o6cToaTeJibCTBO, KOCBeHHO hjih oipn- 
QaxeJibHO ;[0Ka3UBaH)ii;ee Bjii^Hie jiefinn,nrcRoS niKO^iu Ha PaAH- 
taesa. Ohi> He c;n4jiaj[ca nocjii;i;oBaTejieM'B Bce 6oJi4e h 6oj[4e 
Bxo^HBfflaro Bi> MOAy KaHia. HecoMntHHO, qio ero sacipaxoBajiH 
bxii BJiiauisi Kanxa jieRii^iH Jiefini^HrcKHX'B 4)hjioco^ob7> ILmmHepa 
k Fapee^ Koxoptie o6a 6hjih cxpornMH KpnxHKaMH Kanxa ^). 

I CneuiaJiBHO no Bonpocy o 6e3CMepxiH IIjiaxflep'L BHCKasH- 
^jicfl Heo^BOEpaxHO; RaB:B b'b ofim.HX'B co^HHeniaxx, xaRi e wh 
W5o6ofi nporpaMMi, r;t4 OHt nEixaexca oCocHosaxB axy /tORxpaHy 
i,$H3iojiorHqecKH". Mh paayMieMx ero BecBMa pijtKyK) Cpomiopy: 

I Ernestus Platnerus universitatis litterarum Lipsiensis 
^. c. procancellarius panegyrin medicam a. d. III. Januarii 
CIqIqCCXCI in auditorio majori concelebrandam indicit. 
|Spes immortalitatis animorum per rationes physiologicas con- 
prmata. Cxp. XII, Majiaa 4. Canoe pa3cyat;^eHie aanHMaexi 
p. Ill — X. HjiaxHepx (IV) o6i^^aexca: argumentis e media 
physiologia petitis confirmem. Ohx npEHMMaexx ttqcZto^ 
aiffSriTriQio^, in quo et animi sedem et perceptionis atque 
jmemoriae officinam, tum voluntariae actionis philosophi col- 



^) Cm. Bume, cip. 69—70 q 182. PaAHmcBi npoAOJiataJii cJitflHTB h hsi 
PocciH 3a jiHTepaiypHOH) A^HiejibHocTbiD FapBe. SaMtTHMi, hto FapBe, no^oSHO 
IIjiaTHepy, oujii ctopohhhromi ncTopiiHecRaro mjHeniR ^vuiocoi^m HHanncaJi'b- 
061 HCTopin ^^HJioco^in rpaRTaTi (CTp. 183). 



— 238 — 

locarunt (V). Otx Hero Hajtofieo otjihtotb anima vitalis vigei 
in neruis, quasi secundarium instrumentum. <^e;iafl ;^ep^aTBe 
(VI) TOJiBKO Toro, ht5 experientia constant^ mh Haxo;^HM'B, hi 
BTopH4HMfl opraet rn6neTT> cb t^jiomt, primarium autem si 
militer interire: iliud neqnaquam. Ho KaKx o6xo^HTBca 6ei 
HyBCTBT,? HeJBsa B^jiinh Oez^h rjiaax ^). Non vereor, nesublat 
hoc videndi et audiendi modo, cum ad alium mundum devc 
nerimus, rerum ante nos positarum perceptione destituamui 
Moari), receptaculum domicilii mentis, paspymaeTca no CMepH 
Ho HjiaTHepi (X) ex yTimeHie rfMi, kto vel cerebrum, vi 
universum corpus ad animi functiones necessarium esse putant 
uojiaraeT-B, hto illius formidinis et curae caussas omnino nalW 
per argumenta physica declarari. Siquidem instrumento aliqui 
utatur mens nostra, id nulla earum partium corporis continerl 
quarum post mortem futura destructio fit.... Posse autem noi 
destrui, tot exempla suadent corporum aliorum, quae ne ij 
hoc mundo quidem, in quo omnia fluxa et caduca sunt,soleii 
int'Tire... scilicet quia non destruuntur germinal imo vero i8 
rebus, in quibus vis inesse creditur ad corruptionem, expli 
cantur magis et adolescunt: aliquid tamen expers corruptioni 
in rerum natura manifestum est inveniri. Bnpo^eM'B, HjaTnepf 
TyT'B 5Re oapoeepraeT'B HoHneTa. 

B^ „A$opHCiMaxi" DjiaTHep^nocBainaeT'B OescMepxifOAym 
oco6yK) rjaey, pyKOHo;^aI^ia mbicjih KOTOpofi xaKOBBi: 

^yma cctb npocxaa cy6cTaHn;ia (§ 803); snaqHTl, ona hc 
MoateTx 6uTB paapymena (§1079). FjCjiu h BOSMoaieo ynH^Toae- 
Hie cymecTBa (eines Wcsens), to ho HHa^e, KaRX qepes'B bojtio 
BesKone'ifiaro CymecxBa (§ 1088). Oxx 6Bixia H'fcxx bx npnpoJifi 
HHKaKoro nepexoAa etj HeotixiK). Ho j^Jisi fiescMepxia Ayma xpe- 



') AmOuuTTiHR BUXo^Ka: excipio tamen Mesmerianoa, qui ita oculis boi 
egere norunt, at eorum mediei cerebro carerel 



— 239 — 

<5yeTCfl ue mojihKo npojtojiHteHie ea cymecTBOBama (§ 1077), ho 
H npo;(OJ[;KeHie TaKHXx OTHomeHiS (Yerhftltnisse), ci> ROTopuMH 
coe;iaHeHU cosHauie, yMCTBeHHaa pa6oTa (die Ideenbesch&ffti- 
gnng) H ^yxoBHaa shshb (§ 1089). Ecih 6e8CiiepTie ityniH no- 
soHTCfl Ba o^^HOM'B TOJiBRO npoAOJseHiH OTHomeeifi, Heo6xo4H- 

HHX'L A*1fl JiyXOBHOfi SH3HEI, a 8TS OTHOmeHifl MOryTl> B'J^tlHO 

HM'bTB ifi^CTO, 6j[aroAapa HeacToii^HMoS BOSMoa^nocTH nojiomeHifi 

Hcoej?eHeHifl Bemefl (§1044), to CescMepxie jiymn eacTOJibKO ate 

j![0CTOB'&pHO, RaRx H BCflRafl jipyrafl HCTHHa, BUBeAeHHaa hsi AORa- 

3yeM£[xx (beweisfahigen) cboSctbi Bora h nsi nocj'i^^^Hefi hj^jlhl 

H cyn^HOCTH Mipa (§ 1091). GaMua cmibBUfl ^^ORasaTejiBCTBa 

CeaCMepxia ^^ymn, 6e3i coMH'iHia, noaoaxca Ha Mv^ipocxH nCja- 

rocTH Bora, npa Roxopsixx mei no^xn MOiReMi o6xoAHXBca 6e3i 

^tpyrHx-B ;ioKa3axeJiBCXB7>. Ho BMeHHO noxOMy h onaceBi CRen- 

THAHCM'B OTHOCHxeJiBHO My^pocTH H 6jiarocTH Bora. ^oRasaxejiB- 

CTBO 6e3CMepxia no;[Rptnj[aexca: 1) anajiorieH) cna h ^^pyroxx 

^HSHqecRHX'B nepeai'i^H'B, 6jraroAapa ROxopuMx cbjibi — hsx nepio- 

lowh orpaHH^enia BUBOCaxca bi mHpoRifi Rpyri hxx ^hboB 

;?iflcxB0Tej!BHOcx0; 2) pascMOxpinieM-B He^^ocxaxo^HOCXH (Un- 

zul^nglichkeit) axoro MipoBofo x'ijia A-^a nocji'fejtHHX'B i^'j^jiefi pa- 

syMBBrxi ^^yxoBi no OTHomeHiio Ri nocjntAHHM'B ii;']&JiaM'B Bora; 

3) opeji'iyBCXBiaMH ex xocrok) h Ha;^e3Kj^0K), cxpeMJeniewB rx 

CesROHeMHOCTH, coBepmeHCTBy, Hcxani h x. jl. (§ 1092). TaRi 

KaKx Bci MipoBBia xtjia cxoaxx b-b CBasH ;^pyrx ex jipyroMX, 

TO MOKHO yCMaxpBBaXB BOSMOmnOCXB paHO HJIfl n03jlH0 QOCJ'i 

CMepxB — Bi xeTCHiH ^p0po;^BI, tco6bi ;^yI^a nepexoj^HJia Ha;^py- 
roe MipoBoe rtjio h CHOBa nona^ajia bx OTHomenia, Heo6xo;(H' 
Mua ;iJia ^lyxoBHofi ^hshh h ;][Jia npoAOJsenia CBoefi EH^^nBHAy'- 
aJBHOCTB (§ 1093) ^). 



M PhilosophiBche Aphorism en, Ihsa-, Ih., CTp. 416—418. (lY Haaptstiick, 
III) Mu noJib30Baj[HCb I H3AaHieMi rhki 64t«j^a?/uw.w« ro BpeueHH jefini^Hr- 
CRaro npeouBaBifl PaAiimeBa. BnpoHeMi, PaABmeBi ri» 1792 r., RorAa ohi Hanajn 
CBoii TpaKTaxi, mofb, yate BaxoAacb bb OTenecTBt, oanaROHHTbca h cBApyrHMH 
isAaBiaiuH «Aj)upbcmob'b». 



— 240 — 

Bthmx MBiHiaMi njiaTHepx ocTajica Bipenx h nosAHie. 
Ohx, no sQMina,mio Bpemnepa ^), cqaiajii npaBHJBHUM'B j^oita- 
saiejibCTBO MeudeMCOua: npocxaa cy6cTaHi];ia He MoaKeTx ywa- 
MTBCfl (verringert werden), a sna^HTX, h He MoateTi HC^esHyTb. 
OnpoBepaseHie Kanxa, 6yAT0 BOBMomno, ecjs e ae pas^'i^JieHie, to 
nocTeneHHoe ocjia6jeHie (Nachlassen) ao o b% cHJiy HHTeHCHB- 
HOCTH BejiHHHHH ;^yffleBHofi cyficTani^iH, UjaTHepx CRHiajii ne- 
;^0CTaT0^HUM'B — noTOMy, 4to KaHTi npanHMaeTt HepaspHBHyio 
nocjtAOBaTejBHOCTB (Kontinuierlichkeit) CTenenefi hjih hhtch- 
CBBHHX'B BejiHHHHX, cjE^AOBaTejEbHo, He MOZsex'B yTBeps^^axB noj- 
aaro HSHesania (Entschwinden) cyCcTani^iH AjmvL. EnponeMi, 
no MH'j^Hiio IIjiaTHepa, rjiaBHoe ^^oRasaxejiBCTBO 6e3CMepTifl ;tyniH 
BcexaKH 3aKJiK)4aeTCii bt* 6jiarocTH h My^pocTH £ora| — npHHeMi 
Bcb yMOspQTeJiBHHfl ^^ORasaxejiBCTBa CTaHOBaxca HSJiHniHHMH. 

OcxaBJiaa Bi cxopoH'ik cneii;iaj[BHo Jie]B6HHii;eBCKyK) OBpacsYj 
Mu Had^^eMT) y Pa^H^eBa oxsByBn cnen;iaj3BH£ix'B BOssp'l^HiS Djia- 
xHepa Ha 6e8CMepxie ^tymn. YBaseM'B, nanp., Ha mhcjh o hosa- 
B'^dmei! Bucmefi opraHn8an;iH h o „HoeoM6 AOKasaxeiiBCTB']^ 6e3- 
CMepxifl" — H3X „6jiarocxH Bora (cxp. 196 — 197 h jiajnie)". 

IIpH cnen.iajBHHX'B sanaxiflX'B BonpocoM^B o descMepxin Aymii) 
PaABiii,eBi» HM'j^Ji'B cjiyqafi 03HaK0MnxBca ex pa6oxaMs 3HaMeHu- 
xaro Bi xo Bpejua lUapjiR EoHuema^ xoae oj^noro h3i. caMBixx 
BBAHBixx npe;(CxaBHxejeK jiefioEHi^eBa HaupaBJienifl wh ^Hjioco(f)iH 
H ecxecxBOB^jtcHiH, opHjiaBHiaro, npaBj[a, CBOOMy JiefiOnHi^iaHCTBy 
oco6Bifi cnei^H^Bqecsifi xapasxepx. Pa;(E[U](eB'B, n0A06HO CBoeMy 
yHHxejiK) njiaxHepy, nacxo HMiBraewy wh BH;^y xeopin BoHHexa, 
oxBepraexx xo4Ky Bpinia BoHHexa h ero „ciMeHHaro JnofioMy^pia". 
Ho OHi BHsasHBaexx xopomee 3HaKOMCXfio ex ero La paling^- 
nesie philosophique ^). Bx Ba^aJi*]^ co^nneHifl ohx pasdnpaen 



*) T. 103, CTp. 39—40. 

') Mbi nojib30BajiHCb eH) no Collection complete des oeuvres de Charles 
Bonnet, t. 15 h 16 (oenvres d'Mstoire natni'elle et de philosopMe), Nanchatel} 
Chez Fanche, 1783. 15 t. coflepacHTi parties 1— XI h t. 16— parties XII— XIH. 



— 241 — 

MHiHie ero npeAcyn^ecTBOBaHlH ^^yniH h ea OTHomemn ri ciiceHH 
(BHme, cxp. 80 — 84); h b% KOHi^t (cxp. 201 — 202) ohx noKa- 
SHBaeTi ^Kpyra", bx KaKOMi Bpamaerca, no ero MHiniK), chc- 
TCMa BoHHOTa. — Ho, Kasx 6u to hh 6hjio, aia CHCTOMa Tome 
npHHysKA^iia Pa;^H]ii;eBa Bpan^aTBCfl bi Rpyry iijs.ei JIeS6Hni^a ff 

pO^^CTBeBHIIX'B EWh. 

Mn jTRe HeoAHOEpaxHO yRasiiBajiH xy BameyK) CTopoHy 
BiiflHifl UjiaTHepa Ba Pa^^en^eBa, hto aocj'&AHiS no^epnajii bsx 
jeRitiS IIJiaTHepa xopomoe SHaeie ecTecxBeHHux'B nayRi, — ee 
ojuai TOJiBRO (|)aRTEi Bi Hxx dMnnpHiecRHXi o6o6m,enmx% h 
conocxafiJieHiflX'B, ho n ^HJOCO^CRoe exx ocB'i&n^eHie. 

9x0 BiiBeceHHoe hsi Jlefini^Hra xopomee snaHie ecxe- 
CTBeHHUxx HayRX VsLjiEmfiBii yRp'itnHjix nosAH^e co6cTBeHHUMH 
sanflxiflMs. TpaRxaxx o6e3CMepxiH narjifl^^HO no^^xsepjE^aexx 9xo. 
Bciojty, ^;^4 npe^cxaBJiaexca eaioCHOCXB, ohx ORasHBaexca ocBi- 
jtOMJieHHUMx E seaROMUMx cxxeopiflMH BejBHaSniHxi) HayHHuxx 
aBxopExexOBx CBoero BpemeHH ;(ase bx ;^exajiflxx. 

TaRx no ^usioAOiiu owh njEXEpyexi FaAJiepa^ npBHHMaa 
ero pa3;i'£jieHie ^yBCXBenBuxi e pas^pasExejiBHiix'L qacxefi op- 
ranncMa (BEime cxp. 81); na pa6oxu Tajjiepa no aHaxOMiH Mosra 
ccHJiaexcfl Paj^n^eBX, roBopa o OesycniniHocxH JioRajrasHpoBaxt 
jymeBHHfl cnocoOnocxH (cxp. 89). 

Ho 6omaHUKrb Pa;iHni;eB'B niEXEpyexx ^CeacMepxHaro** JLun- i/ 
uen — no Bonpocy o pacnjoaeniB pacxenift n hxx njio;^o;i;iaHiH n 
(cxp. 80 H 87). ' 

Ho 300A0iiu u ecmecmeeuHOu ucmopiu BOoCn^e Pa;^Hn^eBs 
BHaBOHX ex Eio00(moM6\ OHX npHBo;^HXx ero Mninie o nexBe- 
popyROCXH o6e3XflHx (cxp. 89) n o BamnoHx Bna^eniH o6pa8a^ 
T. e. (j)opMH (cxp. 133). 

Pa;{HU];eBX BnaROMX n ex mo^^huhh xor;ia anxponojorHqe- 
CKHHH xeopiflMH Zac^amepu^ Kannepa n Fepdepa^ HSJiaraexx b 
OTsepraexx hxx (cxp. 90). 

16 



*\ 



242 



.no BonpocaicB otfn^efi jfiusunu MexanuKu PaxniqeBS 
^jKepsaerB npornBapi^HTb^ xopomo HSB^CTHincB eMy TeopunrB 
SfomoHa H EenAepa (cTp. 127 — 128) s pasfinpaeTi FHaorefiB 
JlmcKa E UpuemAM (cTp.< 126 h ;138). 

Ho xuMiu OE'h i^HTHpyeTx ooHTH Toro me UpucmjiM 
ciosHOCTH Bos^tyxa (cxp. 120) h pasjEHwiie Apypie obhth 
(fianp. cfp. 203 n Apynn ^). 

Rpodfit • Toro, OB'E vnoifRHaeT'B Momo^^ft^otfOMS mapi 
(CTp^ 166), J[dMfittfK96' (cTp. dl), jn^tKe4f6 (exp. 92)' H t.x* 

' Eo^e paH-ie 6uao yse yRasEiBaeMO Apyi*BHH ' HscjiixoBaTe- 
UMH, ^TO Pa:iHii^eB'b oSjajiaji xopomBMH cb^a^huhih qo Me- 
fMUjafA^ H Bi TpaKvaxt ohi o6HapyaKHBaeTi SHaROMCTBo, nanp., 
CE -eMEfleaiflMH cuBHaro Tor;(a 2^tM^ (mtme crp. 113). Gp. 
eaje: Bume^ crp. 79-^85, 87, 89, 91, 97, 110, 140, 146—147, 
169—171 BiMiiorifl xp- 



' 1 1 



' '>Era diiMdifafl reopifl eeif03apa»](aeifQ6TB« tteta«ioBv 1 ro d^om- 
xoxAeHii (0Tp. 85, 97, 162 BUine) ee mterb jin oraomepiA k\ Aiccepraiui 
OTiia' RjiaTHepa— Johann'a Zacharias'a Platner'a Di88ertatio(2e<7m«rattofieiiietal- 
lorum, Lipsiae, 1717 r.? I. 3. HjiaTHepx 6uji b^ Heimittrt npoij^eccopoHi ve- 
4imBU nppi yaiBepciTeTt ^ascT^aopA. c% 1721 rr, i .opAiflapHUHi c%, 1724 r.) 
K% co»ajitBii), Aic<KepTaiiia ero o«pox(AeHiH iieTaJUOB%» ne Bomjia B%6uBHee 
y veHfl 00A% pjKam ooopaBie ero Opnsciiloriim, Lipsiae, 1749 (I t.— diaaertir 
tiones, II t. prolnsiones). 



TpaKTaTi Pa^^Hn^eBa „0 nejuoB^K^, o ero CMepTHOCTH h 6e8- 
cvepTiH", MaJio pacnpocTpaHeHHuS h Majo Hsy^eHHuS xocej'b, — 
Ha Hami bsfjaa^, npeACTaBueTca He tojbko BecBiia BasHmn 
ji^fefll^ifB wh 9CTppiH 4tQj[pco$i0 ea PycH bi ^ai^THOpTH, h 
wh ]}CTopiH pyccyofl ,Aay8B — ^^QoOme, ho siuB^TCfl Haii:L Ta^se 

H OJ^HHMl BBX JHOtfODHTH'&fimHX'L naMflTHnBOBl pyCCBOS JBTe- 

parypH XVIII b. 

OCiBCHeHie ero ci to^kh sp^Hia HCTop^Hso-JiHT^paTypHoS 
Ba ocHOBaniH ^^obojibho 6ojihmovo cotfpannaro HaiiH iiaT^piajra 
MEi ocTaBjfleifE sa co6oh), npe;inojarafl cx'i^JaTB bto b^boco^omx 
9TK>jifbj a TeaepB nocnimBM^B npexcxaBBTB H'icBOJiBBO oGn^HXi 
<iooj(i|>aseHift, BBOBinHXCii y hbcx vh Ba^ecTBi pesy^BTaroBi h 
uoAOB^ jflVBaro h nojKpotfHaro Hsy^eHia TpaxraTa PaAHn^eBa: 

1) TpasTaii QeBCiiepTiH 6ujn» vh nocJiixHie roxu^ uo- 
aaxHHQicy^ ' rjaBHUifB jiHTepaTypHiiifB BaHBTiem PaAHn^eBa. 

.2) 9T0.TB, ^CfflBpHjafl ^rppx^caMBMx.pai^n^ft^p^ 
<«0H?.aTejBH0 o6pa(JoT.ap;^,aBT^qpi,^e,p .^^ny. HO#/Be« 

^OpMBI. 

3) Hs^^^eTupen^^qacTeft TpaBT^Ta^ a^ipf^lie, ofi^pa/SoTan- 
hok) OBasuBaerca Biopaa, pi cp;(Qp^^aTCBj^6|^ifl^^9B^T^^^^ 
4^Hjioco4>iB ecTecTBOBtA^HiB (cm. BHme, cip. 128), „MeTa4>H3B- 
^ecBafl HacTB o6ii;arp ecTecTBocjOBifl^. Ona, sasercB, bi tiojiB- 
meft CBoeil qacTH npexcTBBueri nepHOBoS HafipoeoKi. 

16* 



— 244 — 

4) PysomiCB PaAHiii;eBa co bc:&mh ea Hexo^eTaMs 6iua bs 
;i[o6aBOR'B Esxana BecBMa He6pesH0, npHTOM^b jqi^om^b, coBepinefiHO 
HesHasoMUMX ci ijfiiiJLOCO^ieu)j yBejiH^HBniHM'L ^hcjeo omn6oK'B 
CBOHMH nepe^t^JBaMH h BCTaBBaMH. TeBCT'B HCxaseHx; nacTO 
BHCKasuBaercfl npoxHBHoe mhcjih aBTopa. 

5) HoBoensAanie TpaRxara Tpe6oBaj[o6n CTporofi pei^eHsiH 
TescTa CO CTopoHu cnei^iajiECTa. 

6) Bx TpaETaxi Va^j^^mufiBit ocTaeicfl B'&peni cbohms 
npeasHHM'E ryicaHHUMi y6'&mAeHiflM'B h ocBo6o;(HTejiBHmii nxeflM^b 

xvm B. 

7) Bi oTHomeHiK cthja TpiaRiaTi HanHcanx bi xjiir 
ceHTHMeHTaJiHCMa, RaB'B H npemnifl ^nponsBe^^emfl PaAHn^eBa. 

8) no 4>H'oco(|)CBOMy HanpaBjeniH) TpasTaTi npuns^A^e- 

SHTl B^B mBOJii J[efi6HHI](a. 

9) TpyA'B PaAHiii;eBa ecTB nepsHfi oniiTi HacasAeHur b'b 
Poccin H;^eS JIefi6HHi^a (ne b% BOJiB(|)OBCBOfi o6pa6oTBi) h npH- 

TOMX B'B CaMOCTOflTeJ[BHOM'B HXl paSBHliH. 

10) no o6ejiuo 8aBJiH)^aH)iitHxcfl B'B ReM%CBiji^nii — rpasr 
Taix PaAHn^eBa ecTB o^hhi es'b caiiHX'B 6jLecTsnjflTh nanjiTHE- 
BOB'B B'B HCTopin pyccBaro npocB'^^ema XVIII b. 

11) MH^Hie PaA^n^eB'i, saBx canoy^Bi, Ha6paBnieMCfl yua 
HS'B qxeHifl ipy^^OB'B ^paHAyscBHX'B aniiiHBJoneAHCTOB'B, coBepmeHHO 

HCB'ipHO. 06inHpH0e SHaSOMCTBO Ch BC^MH BaSHifiniHMH IHTe- 

paTypHUMH npoHSBe^^eHiflMH sana^^Hofi "EBponu XYIIIb. bxoahjio^ 
B'B Bpyr'B oCpasoeaHifl Pa^Hii^eBa, ho (|)paHi^y3CBafl 4^HJOCo4^ifl 
He onpe^^ijinja ero yfi'bsAeHifi. 

12) Pa;(Hii];eB'B naxoAHJCfl, npeHMyn^ecTBeHHO, doa'b Bik- 
HieicB H'fiHeitBoS ^^HJioco^in h nayBH. 

13) PaAHD^eBX no j^hjoco^^cbhmx ^Y^^nejaiswh 6uj^ 
jiefitiHEi^eBei^'B. 3to nanpaBJenie nepexajx eny IIjiaTHepi. 



— 245 — 

14) FoxH y^eHifl fb JlefinitHr^ Hrpatori wh scTopiH yii- 
<eTBefl[Haro pasBHrifl PaAHO^eBa HecpaBHeHHO CdJBinyK) pon, 
fleasaiH kjmbjotl HBCJiAOBaxejE. 

15) Mnd^Hifl IXymKHHa oCx o^pasoBaniH PaxHn^eBa h ot- 
flocHTejiBHo HdCJi^AyeMaro j^nioco^CRaro TpaBxaxa He oorjiacy- 
idTGfl ch ^aBTaMH H HecnpaBex^HBH. 



npnOaBjieHlH. 

FaxHn^eBi (BHme, cxp. 197) ynoicHHaerB ,,exHHOCJiOBie 
EaTOHa^ 7 AMHCoea h naxoxnTX ero npeKpacBHMi. TaBi 
KaRi TenepB Maio xto ^HTaen Aj^x^coHa, h btotb Moeojori 
npflMO Racaercfl Teiiii FaxniAeBa „6e8CMepTifl''y to kel nosBOJi- 
ewh ceCi npHsecTH ero: 

 

Act. V. Scene L 

O a t o solus. 

Sitting in a fhougktfvl posture: in his hand Platans book 
an the immortality of the soul. A droum sword on the tahU 

by him. 

It must be so— Plato, thou reason'st well! — 

Else whence this pleasing hope, this fond desire^ 

This longing after immortality? 

Or whence this secret dread, and inward horror^ 

Of falling into nought? Why shrinks the soul 

Back on herself, and startles at destruction? 

'Tis the divinity that stirs within us; 

'Tis heaven itself, that points out an hereafter^ 

And intimates eternity to man. 

Eternity! thou pleasing, dreadful thought! 



— 247 — 

Tbrougb what variety of untry'd beings 

Through: what new- scenes and changes mnst we passl: 

The wide, th'anbounded prospect, lies before me; 

But shadows, clouds, and darkness, rest upon it. 

Here will I hold. If there's a power above us, 

(And that there is all nature cries aloud 

Through all her works) he must delight in virtue; 

And that which he delights in, must be happy. 

But when! or where! — This world was made for Caesar. 

I'm weary of conjectures— This must end them. 

{Laying his hand tspon his sward) 

Thus am I doubly arm'd: my death and life, 
My bane and antidote, are both before me: 
This in a moment brings me to an end; 
But this informs me I shall never die. 
The soul, secur'd in her existence, smiles 
At the drawn dagger, and defies its point. 
The stars shall fade away, the sun himself 
Grow dim with age; and nature sink in years; 
But thou shalt flourish in immortal youth. 
Unhurt amidst the war of elements, 
The wrecks of matter, and the crush of worlds. 

What means this heaviness that hangs upon me? 
The lethargy that creeps through all my senses? 
Nature, oppress'd, and harass'd out with care, 
Sinks down to rest. This once I'all favour her, 
That my awaken'd soul may take her flight, 
Renew'd in all her strength, and fresh with life, 
An offering fit for heaven. Let guilt or fear 
Disturb man's rest: Cato knows neither of them. 
Indifferent in his choice, to sleep or die. 



— 248 -— 

The works of the english poets. By Samuel Johnson, 
volume 31. J. Addison, Cato, a tragedy, p. 335 — 386). 

nepeBO^li 5 CTHxoBi bsi dioro MOHOJora (ea^HHafl co 
CTHxa: The stars shall fade etc.) PaAHn^eBi npHBOAHTi bi 
^nyxemecTBiH", saRaH^HBaji hmh rjiaBy: „BpoHHHi^&i^. 

Cx Te^eeieifB BpeifeHi Bci sb^baei noMpa^aTca; 

IIoMepiiHeT'B cojiHi^a 6jiecBi; npHpojia, oCBexmaBi, 

JliTh ApaxjiocTLK) na^aeTx, — 

Ho Tu BO lOHOCTH 6e3CMepTHofi npoi^B^TeniL, 

He3£i6jieMa cpe^n cpaseeifl CTHxioBi, 

FasBajiHH'E Ben^ecTBa, ifipoBi Bcixi paspymeHBA ^). 



') Ctp. 63 (jieftnii[HrcKaro isAaeifl). 



Ha cxp. 105 — 106 (Biime) PaAHiAeBi, roBopa o x^ftCTBiH 
Ba Aymy ^HSH^ecKHXi npHiHHi, ynoMHHaerx MH^aie MoHTecsbe 
sacaxejiBHO xbicTBUL julismbltsl, ocHOBaHHoe na saMoposeHHOMi 
meMy/bCMh ashb^. MoHxecKBe roBopHTi He o xeiaHBeMi, a o 
CapauhSMh asuRi^, RaRi mu iioseMi yC^AHTBCfl hsi cootb^t- 
CTByioii^aro ifbcTa »JI|yxa SaROHOBx^, II rj. XIY RHHrn: 

XIV KHHra xpaKTyexx: Des loix dans le rapport qu'elles 
ont avec la nature du climat. II rjiasa: Combien les hommes 
sent diff^rens dans les divers climats. 

Les nerfs qai aboutissent de tons c6t^s au tissa de notre 
peau, font chacan un fais^eaa de nerfs; ordinairement ce n'est 
pas tout le nerf qui est remu6, e'en est une partie infiniment 
petite. Dans les pays chauds, oil le tissu de la peau est rel&ch^, 
les bouts des nerfs sont ^panou'ls et exposes h, la plus petite 
action des objets les plus foibles. Dans les pays froids^ le tissu 
de la peau est resserr^, et les mammelons comprim^s; les pe- 
tites houpes sont en quelque fa^on paralytiques; la sensation 
ne passe guere au cerveau, que lorsqu'elle est extrdmement 
forte, et qu'elle est de tout le nerf ensemble. Mais c' est d'un nom- 
bre infini de petites sensations que dependent Timagination, 
le gofit, la sensibility, la viyacit^. 

J^ai observe le tissu ext^rieur d'une langue de mouton, 
dans I'endroit oti elle parott h. la simple vte couverte de mam- 
melons. J'ai yd avec un microscope sur ces mammelons de 
petits poilSy ou une espece de duvet; entre les mammelons ^toi- 
ent des pyramides, qui formoient par le bout comme de petits 



— 250 — 

pin^eaax. II y a grande apparence que ces pyramides sont le 
principal organe du gott. 

J'ai fait geler la moiti^ de cette langue, et j'ai trouv^ k 
la simple yte, les mammelons consid^rablement diminu^s; qu- 
elques rangs mdme de mammelons s'^toient enfon^^s dans leur 
gaine: j'en ai examine letissa avec le microscope^ jen'ai plus 
vtL de pyramides. A mesore que la langue s'est degeUe, les 
mammelons ^ la simple' Tue ont para se relever, et au micro- 
scope les petites houpes ont commence ^ repgrottre. 

Cette cbservoHon confirme ce que j'ai dit, que dans les 
pays froids, les houpes nerveuses sont moins ^panouSes: elles^' 
s'enfoncent dani^ leurs gaines, oiielles sont k coa¥ert de I'ae^ 
tion des objects ext^eura. Les sensations sont done moins^ 
vives '). 



') (MwOtsquieu) De resprit des h>ix, A Geneve, chez Barrillot el V\% 
1749", t. I, p. 226-227 (in 4<0, Uv. XIY, chap. II. 



Ez cmp. 113. 

m 

PaAnn^eBx o6jiaAajix xopomeio Ha^HxaHHOCTBio vh co'^HHe- 
Hiflxx coBpeMeHHuxi eMy sHaMeHHTiaxi nexHSOBx, cpexn koto- 
puxx OAHO H3X rjasHiixi M^CTi npHHaAJeasHTi Thcco. 

Chmohi AfljKpe Tt^cco (Tissot), SHaMeeHTiifl meefiiitapCKift 
]ie;^HK'B, poAHJicji Bi Grancy (RaHioHi Yand) vh 1728 r.; oh'b 
y^HJica Bi MoenejiBe h nojiy^eji cxenenb AORxopa m^bi^hhh 
Bx 1749 r. IIoTOMX ohx oceoBaiiCfl bx JIosaHE'l, r;ii CRopo 
CHHCBaJi 066*6 6oJiBinyH) h3B'6cthoctb. Ero nBixajiHCB nepena- 
HHTB wh pasjHHHHe yHEBepcHTexBi H jijbjLBMi CjiecTAii^ifl npe;^* 
joseeiH. Bx 1780 r. oni no npHoameHiio locH^a II saeflJi'B 
xjiHHH^ecKyK) RaeeApy npe yEHBepcHxeTi bi IlaBifl, eo Ee em^jii 
6oj[Bmoro ycnixa, Basi npo(f>eccop'B, xasx hto ^epesi 3 rojia 
npexno^ejii BOSBpaxEXBCfl bi JIosanEy b sasAXBCfl oeatb ^acx- 
EOK) npaRXHBOH). Tbcco yiiepi vh 1797 r. xaifi se. 

Ero co^Hseflifl 6hjih E3;^aflii bi 11 xoMaxx in 8^ de HalU. 
MHoro4HCJieEfl£ie xpy^u xaoEH eny eBponeficRyio ebb^cxeocxb. 
r. Bepni BHrpaBHpoBajix bi ero^^eexB MexajB, JEeseBa Eassa- 
qHJia eMy nescioBi, JIosaEEa xajia en;eB'Bl766r. BaeexpyMexE- 
i^HHU. EopojiE: nojiBCBifl (CxanncjiaB'fc), aErjiilfCBifi e e^koto- 
piie E'^Mei^Bie BJiaA^xejiE npErjianiajiE ero vh nepB£ie npEABop- 
Hue MexEBE. Ero y^eEEKE bosabefjie eny xocBy cb BaAEECBto: 
Immortali praeceptori, Borxa ob^e EsoCpijii ocotfufi cnocoCx 
jvk^Q^isL JiExopaxBE, CBflp^ECTBOBaBmefl Bi J[oM6apAiE. ToTi »e 

Cn0C06x OEX npEMiEEJI'B EOTOMl fl Bl JIosaEE^. 



— 252 — 

Thcco 6iiJii> ropfl^HMi san^HTHHKOM'b ocnonpHBHBaHifl, ko- 
TopoMy iiocBfli]];eHO nepsoe ero co^HHeHie Inoculation justifi^e 
Lausaane, 1754, in 12. Bi 1761 r. ohx HS^ajii CBofl seaMe 
HHTBift caMM^qeSHHEx: Avis au peaple sar sa sant^, in 12 
BnepB£ie MejiHEi AftBajii cob^th, KaRi o6xoahtbca 663*6 Bpana 

HHTepecyion^ee eacx coHHeeHie Onanisme, 1760 in 12 
HeMe;tJieHHO no noflB^iemH 6hiJio nepeBexeno na pasHBie aseirb; oho 
ji,o cvLTh nopx en^e nepene^aTEiBaeicfl h, no oisuBaifb Me;^HROB'B, 
He noxepfljo ujbEu. Hbi Apyrax^s ero pa6orb otm^thmi Disser- 
tatio de febribus bilosis, Laus. 1758, in 8, De valetndine lit- 
teratoram, L. 1766 , in 8, Essai sur les maladies des gens da 
monde, L. 1770 h ^p. 

y eacB 6iii;io noA'B pyRaMH HSAanie: L'onanisme. Disserta- 
tion sur les maladies produites par la masturbation. Far M. 
Tissot (THTyjiH ero): Troisifeme edition, consid^rablement aug- 
ment^e. '^eBHsx Propriis extinctum vivere criminibus. Gall. A 
Xausanne chez Marc Cbapuis et Compagnie. 1764. ^opifars: 
16. Preface V — XXII. Hoj^nHcaHO A Lausanne le 5 mai 1764. 
Table des articles (2 neHyii. cTp.). TeRcxi canoro Essai 264 cxp. 
Bi KBuvi 4 articles. I cxaTBfl (nsi 5 sections) TpaRxyen o 
les sympt6mes, II— les causes (6 — 8 sections), III (9 — 10 s,) 
— la curation, h IV (s. 11 — 12) — maladies analogues. 



Ez cmp. 208—209. 

4 

Pa;(Hn^eB'L hm'&ii'b cboh oco6eHHUfl nps^HHH onjiaRHBaTs 
CMepTB CBoefi nepBoft meEU h BHyrpeHHO c^HTaiB ce6fl bhhob- 
HHifB nepe;^i> Heio n nepe^'B cbohmh ^inuE. Ha cxaei^iH 
^flaejfiHi^H" Bt ^IlyTemecTBiH'' npHCJiymnBaacB Kx^TonaMt 
OTi^a, norpe6aBinaro CBina, ROTopufi ynepi otx nepe^d^loB eny 
OTi^OMi 6oji'l8HB, Pa;^nii^eBX o6paii;aeTCfl ri ce6i b BocRJHi^a- 

ctb: 

„fl oi^'6neH%ji'B; mh^ Kasa^ocB^ hto a cjiumj Moe ocy;R;^eHie; 
BOcnoMflHyji ABU pacnyTHOfi Moefi h)hocth... BocnoMflHyji, ^to 
HeBOSAepmaHie b% JiK)6ocTpacTiH eaBJieRJio x^jiy Moeny cnpa^iHyK) 
6oj[i3HB.... ^py^bSL moh B03JiK)6jieHHBiey o na^a ;iyinH Moeft, 
He SHaexe be[, rojhro corp'&mHJi'B a npe«m Bann.... Bcii BamH 
6oJ['£3HH cyTB cji'^ACTBifl ceft oxpaBu. B03JiH)6j[eHHBie mob! 
nJora^Bxe o saC^yasieHiH Moero K)HOinecTBa; npBSOBHxe na noMO^B 
Bpa^e(JBoe ncRyccxBo: h ecjin Moxexe, ee HeHaBH;^Lxe iieHfl. 

TenepB oxxpuBaexca rjiasaifiB mobmi Bce npocxpancxBO 
cero JiK)6ocTpacxHaro sjiOA^aHifl. SL corp'^niBji'B npe^o mhok), 
HaBJieRDiH 066*6 6e8BpeMeHHyH) cxapocxB h aphxjocxb bi k)ho- 
mecRHX'B en^e jr'bxaxi. CorpimHjx nepe^'B BaMH, oxpaBHBi m 
posAenifl Bamero SHSHeHHBie Bame core h x^mi yroxoBaji'B Baii'B 
TOMHoe BApaBie h 6e3BpeMeHHyH), Moasexx 6utb, CMepxB. Co- 
rpifflHjii — H cie da 6ydeim Murb ez nasuh^ — corpiraHJii, bx 
ropAHHOCXH Moefl BBflBi BX cynpyaBecxBO namh^ eaviy. Rxo mh'& 



— 254 — 

nopyROK) Bi TOMx, qTO He H 6uM npuyfUHOfo en kohhumu. 
GnepTOHOCHufi flx'B, HCTO^aacb bi Becejiie, nepeeeanjicfl bi ^h- 
CToe ea rbjio h ampaeu^t6 Henopo^Hue ea uenu. Obi 6hii% 
T'bii'B CMepTOHOCHie^ qiM^E 6uJii cospoBeHH^e. 

JIosHaa CTiiAJ^BBOCTB BOcnpeTHJia MHt npeAOCTepe^b ee n 
TOMi; oHa se bi ropji^HOCTH CBoeft He ocTeperajacB CBoero ot- 
paBHTejifl. HpuKAHmLevieecH eHk eocnoAenie ecmh^ noseTi 6qtb, 
njOA'B ydfbAeHuoit eit Mum on^paeu. BQaiH)6jieHHiie mohI koahso 
jlOJUKHH BH Mena HenaBHAiTLP ^). 



^►01,* 



^ CTp. i09-*-110 (jeiDi^BrcKaro laAaaiii). 



HacKOJiBXO HecaMOCTOflTejiBHu bi qbohx^e cysxesifln o 
PaxB^eB^ xasse caMi]e^' BHXHue ^npexciaBiTeiiH Hay^Hoft HCTopia 
pycesoft jrHTepaTypu, h HacROJiKO ohh crh^yjovh pasi ycra- 
BOBHBmeficfl Tpaxiii][iH, noBaaneTi CJi'lxyK)^^ conocTaejreHie. Mu 
npHBOXBMi MB^Hifl rajutxoBa, nop<^HpbeBa, TnxoHpaBOBa. 

^'HeropiiR'B H^BCTBeeHOft '^HJIOCOiltiH OTRpperi BX RHBli 

PaxHiu«Ba nocjmdmame^MamepieimomuHecHOMy yneuiio JkHOTTpa 
H reMeet^iHj soTopue ^yHxaMeHTOMi h i^tjiBio ^ejovPlcRuxx 
X^ftcTBift cTaBEJH aroHSMi ...PaxHo^eBx bx B^HHOfi CBoefl noApa- 
saTejBHOCTH He npflCTpoflJicfl he bi odnoH cucmeMfby ne ocTa- 
HOBHJCfl HB HaoAHOM'B TBepAOMi nojioseHiB, nepaaeuAs ocuoea- 
me/HMO uu oahoS MUCJin (lI)...-4Ui&ii6Hie xobtpbhi^ hjib B'^pH'fee, 
moMs u CHM6 euHumauHuxh mucaciH pasHaro sHa^enifl, pasaaro 
xapasxepa, pasnaro BajiH6pa. dToro HiieHHO b xojiskho Cujio 
OflCBxaTB OTi HejiOB^Ba, nojiy^HBmaro, xotji sarpaHB^Hoe, ho 
noeepxHOcmuoe o6pa3oeauie^ .... 

(CxaTBA A. ^. ra.iaxoBa ^HcTopBRO-JBTepaTypniie Bonpo- 
€H* Bi C.-nerepfiyprcKBX'B B'^AOMOCTflX'B sa 1864 r. JG 122, 
cxp. 491 — 492, noxn. Kpacoe%\ cxaxBA HanacaHa no noBoxy 
co^HHeniH Cmonmuua ^0 npenojiaBaHiB pyccRofi JBxepaxypu^; 
cp. cxp. 273 — 276 I xoMa, 2 oxx- ^Hcxopin* TajiaxoBa, b3x, 
1880 r.) ^). 

I „Bwcy atxegie ,. a. nW^^wls*, „ ^ro ,,fi|i(spwpcy«, h. 6eiBCMepTiH 



H. H. GyxoHUHOBi, CTp. 670—671. 



— 256 — 

cocrasjieHO na ocuoeaniu (?) pasHUX'B ^uMcoiffCKHTh co^HHeniS 
rH66oHa, Jlefi6HHi;a, Pycco, JIoRRa, FejiLBei^ia*' (cjiiAjerh iii- 
Taia HST. nymKHHa o PanHmesi — yueHUKTb FejibBei^ia ^). 

„Pa;^nii^eb'B h YmaROB'b Spe^njiH ToJihCsLXOWh n FeiBBe- 
i^ieMi... YmaROBi He tojibro pasdrbAHAZ MHiHifl FejiBBei^ifl, m 
H na npanmuKTb uocz npuMtbUHM. Ero opraHHSM'B paBCTpoeni 
6£iJii HSJHmecTBOM'b qjBCTBeHHBix'L HacjassAeHlfi. Bi Jlefini^nri 
OHi CHJiBHO BaHeMora"... *)• 

HysHO saM^THTB, ?T0 YmaROB'B BOBce He 6uj[x 6e8ycj[0B- 
HEiMx HOCJi^AOBaTejeM'B FejBBei^ifl (Buine, CTp. 223), h ^to FejiB- 
BeAift HB^yxB He noBHHeHi b!b pasBpaii YniaROBa. ymaROBi sa- 
XBopajii CBoeK) nary6aoH) 6oji'kBEhJO emfi ^oJIefini^nra — biPoc- 
ciH (BBane, CTp. 207), Ror^a owb emfi h ne cjiuxaji o Teu- 
Benin j^ BHa^HTi, He Mon npHM^^HATB ero ywHifl „Ha npas* 

TBR'b* 



m 



*) H. nop^HpECBl, HCTOpifl pyCCROft CJOBeCHOCTH, ^. II, OTA^JIl II, Ka- 

saHb 1888 (2 h3a.) cTp. 264—265. 

^ H. C. THXOHpaBOB-b, CoHHHeHig, in, i, CTp. 273. («^eTHpe roAa k* 
XH8HH Sapa]ii8HHa»). 



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