Skip to main content

Full text of "First five years: Junior College of Broward County"

See other formats











Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 

LYRASIS IVIembers and Sloan Foundation 



















Board of Public Instruction 

Virginia Young, Chairman 

Jotin Calvin 

Cliarles Forman 

A. Wesley Parrish 

Verlon Burrell 

Dr. Myron Ashmore, Superintendent 

Advisory Committee 

Robert Ferris, Ctiairman 
John Payne 
Florence Tustison 
Judson Samuels 
Lloyd Cassels 

Published by the President's Office, Junior College of Broward County. March, 1966. 

Photography by David R- Porter 











To anyone associated with the Junior 
College of Broward County from 1960 to 
1965, the first five years have been chal- 
lenging and rewarding. Almost any new 
experiences will stimulate an individual or a 
group to new heights. Using this premise, 
the junior college development in Broward 
County has aroused the community leaders, 
the faculty and staff members and the stu- 
dents to transcendental accomplishments. 

To single out names of individuals or 
groups who have made this college reach its 
present place in education is precarious, since 
one inevitably would neglect many important 
leaders. At the risk of offending these dis- 
tinguished contributors, I am compelled to 
acknowledge a few individuals who have 
made noteworthy accomplishments in behalf 
of the school. 

The State Department of Education, under 
the leadership of Dr. James Wattenbarger, 
must be credited with the vision of a junior 
college system in Florida. The Board of Public 
Instruction and the Committee of Fifteen who 
recognized the local need for a community 
college are responsible for the early incep- 
tion of JCBC. In addition to this early contri- 
bution, the Board has given sound leader- 
ship, unyielding support and unwavering 
cooperation to the College. 

As the chief executive of the school sys- 
tem in Broward County, Dr. Myron Ashmore, 
Superintendent of Schools, has been a con- 
stant source of leadership, guidance and 
support. Before his election. Superintendent 
Raymond Maxwell gave considerable impe- 
tus to the early development of the College. 
The Advisory Committee has been an indis- 
pensable force in the College's development 
with its wise counsel, continuous encourage- 
ment and enthusiastic backing. 

The first president. Dr. Joe B. Rushing, 
stimulated the entire administration, faculty 
and staff to become a college dedicated to 
giving Broward County a leader in the field 
of community colleges. As evidence of this 
reality, the College is recognized as one of 
the finest community colleges in the country. 

If I were to identify a single individual for 
recognition, I would dedicate this Five-Year 
Report to Dr. Joe Rushing. 

Despite his greatness as a college presi- 
dent. Dr. Rushing had to have a Dean of In- 
struction to implement his plan. As the man 
responsible for the instructional phase of the 
college. Dr. E. P. Lauderdale developed an 
excellent teaching faculty and a compre- 
hensive curriculum. 

Although much of the credit can be at- 
tributed to the leaders of the college, the 
functional aspect of the school is imperative 
for progress. The entire faculty and staff 
have worked to effect an enlightened, crea- 
tive and thinking student body. By their 
patience in frustrating situations, their earnest 
desire to learn and their pride in the College, 
the students have aided the institution im- 
measurably. Finally, community support has 
been conducive to the growth and develop- 
ment of JCBC. 

I know of no educational program which 
stimulates the imagination, excitement and 
fulfillment more than the junior college. With 
programs designed to provide opportunities 
for students with varying aptitudes and in- 
terests, the emphasis is on the individual 
pupil and his needs. The administration has 
maintained low counseling-pupil and teacher- 
pupil ratios to guarantee this personal 

Although the initial years have been suc- 
cessful, we are cognizant that we must not 
rest on our laurels. The past is history,- we 
face the future with humility, hope and cour- 
age. The succeeding years will bring new 
problems, new challenges and new rewards. 
With the sources of strength available, un- 
doubtedly the College will continue to pro- 
gress beyond our fondest expectations. 

As you read this report, you will feel the 
fervor and zeal that we experienced during 
these five years of development. As a par- 
ticipant in these pioneer years, I am honored 
to be a member of the faculty of the Junior 
College of Broward County. 

Acting President 


standing, I to r: Mr. Edward Kotchi, Mr. Lester Trussler, Dr. Walter Jarecke, Dr. 
Harvey Gates, Mr. William Odom, Dr. Rex Kidd. 

seated, I to r: Mrs. Janet Taylor, secretary to the President; Dr. E. P. Lauderdale, 
Dr. Jack Taylor. 


During its first five years, the Junior 
College of Broward County has adhered to 
its philosophy by providing intellectual, so- 
cial and cultural opportunities for the people 
of Broward County. 

As is often the case, it is difficult to sum- 
marize a complex entity in a relatively lim- 
ited space. Of necessity, those parts must be 
selected which best represent the whole. 

This report was written to provide an 
insight into the development of the Junior 
College of Broward County from 1960 to 
1965. Being a public supported institution of 

higher education, the College is vital to the 
community for a number of reasons. 

Perhaps the primary one is the import- 
ance of education. As modern society in- 
creases in complexity new fields of learning 
unfold. Education is necessary, not only for 
the common welfare, but for individual ful- 
fillment. Many centuries ago, Epictetus said, 
"Education is a possession which cannot be 
taken away from men." His words are even 
more meaningful in light of recent develop- 
ments. It is in this spirit that this report is 



The first five years of the Junior College 
of Broward County were years of unusual 
growth and achievement. The history of the 
College actually dates from 1957 when the 
Board of Public Instruction presented a re- 
quest to the Florida State Legislature for the 
establishment of a public junior college. 

An original Committee of Fifteen worked 
with the administrative staff of the county 
school system to prepare documentary evi- 
dence to justify the need for a two-year 
college in this locality. The authorization was 
not forthcoming from the 1957 Legislature. 
In 1959 the report was updated and sub- 
mitted again for approval. 

The Legislature designated Broward 
County as a Priority I area for the establish- 
ment of a junior college. In October of 1959, 
the Broward County Board of Public Instruc- 
tion nominated a five-member Advisory 
Committee. They were Robert E. Ferris, Mrs. 
Florence Tustison, Lloyd C. Cassels, Judson 
Samuels and W. W. Caldwell. Their appoint- 
ment was made by the State Board of Edu- 
cation in November. Five months later, Mr. 

Caldwell resigned and John H. Payne was 
appointed to fill the vacancy. 

First Step 

The first task of the Advisory Committee 
was to select a president. In March, 1960, 
after screening more than seventy applicants, 
the committee recommended to the Board 
that Joe B. Rushing be named president. The 
Committee further recommended that the 
official name be "Junior College of Broward 

Dr. Rushing assumed the presidency on 
April 8, 1960, and began selecting his staff. 
On July 1 they moved into the buildings of 
the old Fort Lauderdale Naval Air Station. 
The first students were admitted in August, 
with 687 enrolling. 

By September, 1961, the faculty had 
grown to 70, and 1400 students were en- 
rolled. During the second year, sophomore 
courses were added and specialized studies 
in business administration were begun. When 
the College opened for its third year, 1991 
students enrolled; and the full-time faculty 
numbered 92. 

Dr. Rushing presents the Ad- 
visory Committee with service 
plaques. I to r: Lloyd Cassels, 
Florence Tustison, Dr. Rush- 
ing, Judson Samuels, Robert 
Ferris, John Payne. 









Construction Begins 

In November, 1962, bids were awarded 
for construction of the first permanent build- 
ings at the new 1 52-acre campus on Davie 
Road. The Forman Field site was barren, but 
great expanses of unused airport runways 
promised "ready-made parking" for a cam- 
pus that would soon be teeming with 2000 
cars a day. 

By early August, 1963, six buildings 
interrupted the skyline along Davie Road. 
Later in the month, the College was moved 
from the old site, and in September more 
than 2500 students enrolled. A few months 
later a technical education building was con- 
structed. This completed the first building 
phase. Planning was stepped-up immediately 
on the second, for the College was already 
crowded to capacity. 

The academic year 1963-64 was a year 
of expansion and adaptation to new sur- 
roundings. Grass was laid around the build- 
ings and the first tree, a black olive, was 
planted. The College's landscaping slowly 
began to materialize. 

JCBC is one of the fe\v junior col- 
leges to use its own plane in aviation. 



That year the Southern Association of 
Colleges and Schools in an unprecedented 
move granted advance recognition to the 
College. It also became one of the first two- 
year institutions in the nation to offer a 
course in aviation using its own airplane. In 
local, state and national publications, the 
College's architectural trademark — the flying 
cement canopy — was seen by millions of 
people. The cultural role played by the Col- 
lege was emphasized through the visits of 
such artists as Carlos Montoya, .Basil Rath- 
bone and Pearl Buck. 

In August, 1964, more than 3200 stu- 
dents enrolled in the College under a new 
calendar of year-round operation. As the Col- 
lege began its fifth year, it entered an era of 
great expansion in two-year technical educa- 
tion. The already successful Data Processing 
Technology program was joined by pro- 
grams in Ornamental Horticulture, Hotel- 
Motel Administration, Electronics Technology, 
Building and Construction Technology, Draft- 
ing and Design Technology and Law En- 

Earl Wrightson and Lois Hunt are two 
of the many artists who have per- 
formed at the college. 

End of the Beginning 

As the 1964-65 academic year drew to a 
close, the Junior College of Broward County 
could look back on five years of accomplish- 
ments amidst five years of growing pains. 
During that time it provided a college ex- 
perience for ten thousand people, many of 
whom might have been denied a chance for 
higher education. In five years it has senf 
hundreds of its graduates to four-year col- 
leges and universities. 

Since its beginning the College has 
brought more than ten million dollars into 
the Broward County economy. In five years, 
wherever there is an interest in higher edu- 
cation in Broward County, the College has 
become a household term. 


Just as the curriculum has evolved from 
one v\/ith limited course offerings to a diversi- 
fied program, so the student body has 
emerged from a small enrollment to a larger 
one. In 1960 the College opened its doors to 
687 students at the old Naval Air Base; in 
1965 the enrollment totaled 4583 on its new 
campus off Davie Road. 

Combined with this quantitative growth 
is a qualitative development. Since the Col- 
lege was the first accredited institution of 
higher learning in Broward County, the pio- 
neer students lacked much of the sophistica- 
tion which develops with a maturing college. 


Using placement test scores, grades, par- 
ticipation in activities and the awarding of 
scholarships as criteria for advancement, the 
students have progressed rapidly. In 1960 
the mean Florida Tv\/elfth Grade Placement 
Score of entering junior college students was 
274; in 1964 the mean score was 281. In 
1960 to 1961 twenty-one per cent of the 
student marks were failing, while in 1964 to 
1965 only twelve per cent of these grades 
were failures. In 1960 the College had 
twelve clubs as compared to thirty-three 
in 1965. 

Still further evidence of progress was 
realized in 1965 with the first winning sea- 
sons in basketball and baseball. Finally, at 
the first Recognition Night in 1961 the total 
of scholarships was $8,000; in 1965 the^ 
grants reached $80,350. 

Varied Incidents 

In its short history, the student body has 
had its rewarding, unusual and humorous 
incidents. Among the most rewarding was 
the case of a young man who returned from 
a disciplinary suspension to graduate and 
later achieve a 3.9 average for the second 
trimester at a state university. Another ex- 
ample was the student who scored 121 on 
the Florida Twelfth Grade Placement Test, 

achieved honors at the College, won a schol- 
arship to a four-year college and continued 
to make high marks there. 

One of the most unusual situations was 
the case of the graduate who received her 
baccalaureate degree in the same year that 
her three sons graduated from high school, 
junior high and elementary school. This 
woman in 1965 became the first alumnus to 
be employed as a teacher at her junior col- 
lege alma mater. 

Although the College is basically a com- 
munity college, it is quite cosmopolitan. It 
has enrolled students from almost every 
state and from many foreign countries. Stu- 
dents from JCBC have served in all branches 
of the armed forces, the Peace Corps and 

The College has had students whose 
Placement Test scores ranged from the first 
percentile to the ninety-ninth. Some students 
have entered with fewer than twelve years 
of public school education, receiving their 
high school diplomas through their General 
Education Development scores. Still others 
with their M.D. and Ph.D. degrees have en- 
rolled for courses. With all these differences 
the student body is a difficult one to de- 
scribe; perhaps it can best be called hetero- 

Basketball has grown in popularity with students. 

Student musical productions such as "Fin- 
ian's Rainbow" are sponsored by the Fine 
Arts Department. 


j«i.lil»T-.«-Ta WM»t l ]l H I I P LJL r i''*Ta-"^JSlB»P**^'3«- i^<i^ 

A great deal of the responsibility at any 
college falls on the members of the faculty, 
since the primary purpose of an institution 
of higher learning is to educate. 

Each faculty member at the Junior Col- 
lege of Broward County is chosen with care. 
Many things are taken into consideration 
when evaluating potential staff members. 
These include: their understanding and ap- 
preciation of junior colleges, preparation in 
their respective fields and ability to teach 
creatively. Other factors are personality, gen- 
eral education, interest in research and cul- 
tural background. 

The master's degree is the minimum 
preparation required for faculty. The gradu- 
ate major must be in the field of assignment. 
In a few specialized areas, such as technical 
education, bachelor's degrees are acceptable 
if the staff member has at least three years 
of industrial or professional experience. 

As the College expanded, more people 
were required for maximum efficiency. From 
1960 to the present the faculty has increased 
from twenty-eight to 133. There are instruc- 
tors from over 100 colleges and universities 
throughout the country. Faculty members 
represent numerous professional and social 
organizations. Generally speaking, the faculty 
embraces a wide variety of personalities, 
backgrounds and experiences — all contrib- 
uting to the overall educational environment. 


Data Processing is one of eighteen two- 
year programs leading to an A.S. Degree. 

The Medical Assistants and Nurses partici- 
pate in the county-wide Health Fair. 


What factors are taken into consideration 
in determining a college curriculum? At the 
Junior College of Broward County, the cur- 
riculum is designed to achieve maximum 
utilization of facilities and personnel. How- 
ever, this is just one of the factors. 

The curriculum meets the educational 
needs of the majority of people it serves, 
while making it possible for any qualified 
person to find a program of study in which 
he can participate. It has been planned to 
coordinate with programs of other colleges 
and universities while maintaining its own 
unique qualities. 

The Arts and Sciences have always con- 
stituted a large part of the curriculum of the 
College. This is because a great many of the 
students are seeking a liberal education, at 
least for part of their training. However, 
technical programs are not overlooked. The 
College incorporates new developments in 
education which are influential in curriculum 

University Parallel 

During its first year of operation, the 
College offered sixty-nine courses in sixteen 
areas of learning. All of them were university 
parallel. There were no two-year terminal 
programs and a minimum number of sopho- 
more level courses. By 1965, the curriculum 
had more than doubled. 

Since 1960, curriculum construction and 
revision has been the responsibility of both 
the administration and faculty. After the first 
three years, plans were made to develop 
more two-year semi-professional and spe- 
cialized programs. 

The Junior College of Broward County 
has attempted to relate the curriculum to the 
purposes of the institution, the characteristics 
of the students whom it serves and the 
nature of the social-cultural-economic en- 
vironment within which the College func- 
tions. Increased enrollment gives some in- 
sight into community acceptance of the 
College's curriculum. 


Hotel-Motel Administration students gain 
experience working in local hotels during 
the Season. 

Electronics is included in the Technical curriculum. 

Technical Program 

The changing manpower needs of Brow- 
ard County have demanded a tremendous 
expansion of college-level occupational edu- 
cation. In light of this, the Junior College of 
Broward County has worked to create a 
climate favorable to location of prospective 
industries. In addition to its transfer program, 
the College has developed a comprehensive 
technical program. 

These occupational courses are designed 
to develop technicians who will work at the 
semi-professional level in local business, in- 
dustrial and scientific firms. By the end of its 
fifth year, the College had developed sixteen 
of these courses. Ten are two-year associate 
degree programs. 

Courses have been developed in areas 
where the need was greatest. With the selec- 
tion of each program, an advisory committee 
of prominent men in the field is invited to 
assist the College in developing courses, 
specifications for equipment and laboratory 

Programs meet the occupational needs of 
the community as well as the needs of indi- 
vidual students. Some courses require a high 
aptitude in mathematics, while others such 
as Hotel-Motel Administration require that 
the individual have an average aptitude in 
mathematics, a pleasant personality and a 
desire to work with people. 

Technical education is an important part 
of the total College program because it offers 
an opportunity to many students who do not 
wish to transfer to a senior institution. 


During its first five years the College has 
experienced tremendous growth in financial 
support and appropriations, in building fa- 
cilities and in development of grounds. These 
changes were anticipated since they were 
provided in the master campus development 

Financial support for operational pur- 
poses increased over 400 per cent during 
the first five years — from $371,545 in 
1960-61 to $1,557,374 in 1964-65. During 
the College's first year the Board of Public 
Instruction provided the major financial sup- 
port, forty-seven and seven-tenths per cent. 
The Board's support decreased each year so 
that by 1964-65 only eighteen per cent came 
from this source. 

During the same period the opposite 
occurred for state financial support, from 
thirty-two per cent in 1960-61 to fifty-four 
per cent in 1964-65. Student fees provided 
twenty-four per cent in 1964-65 as com- 
pared to nineteen per cent in 1960-61. Other 
sources of revenue were the federal govern- 
ment, miscellaneous local sources and previ- 
ous years' cash balances. 

First and Fifth Years 

A comparative analysis of the appropria- 
tions of the first and fifth years of operation 
reveals several differences. The fifth year of 
operation required six per cent more for in- 
structional purposes than in 1960-61. Slightly 
more than two per cent of this increase was 
for instructional salaries. The areas of admin- 
istration and plant operation cost more in 
1964-65 than in 1960-61. The area of capital 
outlay was the only one to show a decrease. 
This was due to the use of construction funds 
for capital outlay expenditures in 1964-65. 

Perhaps the most significant finding con- 
cerns the per cent of the appropriations for 
all salaries. In 1960-61 almost eighty-one per 
cent had been expended for salary purposes. 
By 1964-65 this had increased to eighty-six 
per cent. After the allocation for salaries had 
been established, only nineteen per cent in 
1960-61 and fourteen per cent in 1964-65 of 
the appropriation remained for operational 
expenses. This is much lower than the 
amount normally budgeted by institutions of 
higher education. 






Per Cent 


Per Cent 


$ 138 







County (School Board) 





Local — Student Fees 





— Other 



Previous Year's Balance 













the man behind the idea 

There is no power like the power of an idea whose time has come. 

The idea for a junior college in Broward 
County became a reality in 1960. To insure 
success, the Advisory Committee chose a 
man who was perfectly suited to be 

Joe Rushing was one of the few men in 
the country to earn his doctorate in college 
administration. By 1960 he had established a 
reputation as an idea man. Over five years 
have passed since he began planning the 
Junior College of Broward County. 

Ninety days after he became president 
the first students enrolled for classes. This 
was only the beginning. Joe Rushing faced 
many problems as president of a new college 
and was able to overcome most of them. 

The reasons for his success are many. His 
exceptional administrative ability and fore- 
sight are two. The carefully-fashioned master 
plan and wise selection of top professionals 
are also important factors. 

By the time he resigned in 1965 to be- 
come president of a new junior college 
district in Fort Worth, Texas, Joe Rushing had 
established a pattern of excellence for the 

An idea is important, but it takes a man 
to breathe life into it. With Joe Rushing be- 
hind the idea of the Junior College of Brow- 
ard County, the five-year story had to be 



On December 1, 1965, the Junior College 
of Broward County was fully accredited by 
the Southern Association of Colleges and 
Schools. This marked a milestone in its de- 
velopment—one that took over five years 
to realize. 

The story does not end here. The College 
is a dynamic institution which cannot pause 
too long for retrospection. It must move 
ahead. By 1970, ten thousand students are 

expected to attend the fourteen-million dol- 
lar institution. Naturally, improvements in 
quality must accompany the quantitative 
growth. There are still many exciting plans to 
be made and problems to overcome in the 
history of the College. 

However, this backward glance was 
necessary in order to understand future de- 
velopments, for there is "no way of judging 
the future but by the past." 



nf if mm COUNTY