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Full text of "First general list of African names"



PERMAHENT COMMITTEE 



N 



GEOGRAPHICAL 



NAMES 



FOR 



BRITISH OFFICIAL 



USE 



Li I ft! - 



„*'2^$7 
I*' 



LONDON 



Royal Geographical Society 



1921-1926 



& 



\ot> 






CONTENTS 



Africa 

T.P. and 
1)-Creneral List .pp. 1-8 

2)-Abyssinia " 1-8 

3)-3old Coast and British Togo w 1-8 

4)-Tanganyika " 1-16 

Asia 

T.P. and 
l)-aeneral List, No.l pp. 1-8 

2)- " " "2 " 1-12 

3)-India " 1-16 

4)-Iraq M 1-12 

5)-Palestine " 1-12 

Europe 

T.P. and 
1)-General List, No.l pp. 1-12 

2). » ■ , " 2 w 1-3 

3)-Czecho-Slovakia(3ohemia cnly)... w 1-16 



Oceani 



s. 



T.P. and 
1) -General List, No.l pp. 1-12 

2)- ■ " • " 2.-3 " 1-3 

8)-Fiji " 1-3 



V 



F 






General List 
Abyssinia 
Gold Coast 
Tanganyika 



PERMANENT COMMITTEE ON GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES 
FOR BRITISH OFFICIAL USE. 



FIRST GENERAL LIST OF AFRICAN 

NAMES. 



Published for the Permanent Committee on Geographical Names by the 
Royal Geographical Society, Kensington Gore, London, S.W.I. 

December, 1921. Corrected, January, 192G. 

Price Sixpence. 



ABBREVIATIONS, Etc. 



alt alternative. Ital Italian. 

Amh Amharic. Lat Latin. 

Ar Arabic. off official. 

Belg Belgian. orig original. 

conv conventional. pen penin 

E "g English. pop popularly. 

form formerly. Port Portuguese. 

Fr French. pr pronounced. 

Ger German. prop properly. 



Gr Greek. 



prov province. 



Heb Hebrew. riv river. 

islcl island. Sp Spanish. 

The pronunciations are in accordance with the R.G.S. II. System, for which 
see Gcog. Jour., Jan. 1921, Vol. LVII, pp. 40-43; or an explanatory leaflet can be 
had on application to the Secretary, P.C.G.N., Ptoyal Geographical Society. 

The acute accent ' indicates the stress. The apostropho ' indicates a liquid sound. 
Tho inverted comma ' indicates the Arabic letter c . 



Abbai : riv., Abyssinia ; Amh. /iHy, ; called in Sudan Blue Nile (q.v.) ; 

(not Abai). 
Abeshr : Wadai, Chad Military Territory; Ar. ^1 or ^ <_>\ = AW 

Besha ; Pr. Abeche; (not Abesher, Abecher, Abech, Abeshe, Abesha). 
Abomey: Dahomey; conv. (and Fr.)£or AbomeorAgbome; (no! Abomeh |. 
Abu Klea : Sudan ; conv. for Ar. % y\ - Abu Tleh. 

Abu Qir : Egypl ; Ar. j#f\ ; (not Abukir, Aboukir). 

Abyssinia; Amh. frk/t'P'frJP = Ityopya; off. Eng. Ethiopia; Fr. 

Abyssinie and Ethiopie; Ital. Abissinia and Etiopia; Ger. Abes- 

sinien and Athiopien; Ar. LlJi = I'll Kabesha. 
Addis Ababa : pr. Awawa (nearly) : Abyssinia; Amh. ftj£ fl Y\W\ ; 

(not Adis Abbaba, Abebaj Abbeba). 
Aduwa : pr. Aduwa: Abyssinia ; IV. Adoua ; (not Adua, Adoa, Adowa). 
Agadir, or Agadir Ighir : Morocco; Berber; Ar. ^\ j>& \ (nol 

Agadir [gir s [guir, I rir). 
Agbeluvoe : French Togo ; Fr. Agbelouvoe ; Ger. Agbeluwoe or 

Agbeluvhoe; (not Agbelufowe), 



2 FIRST GENERAL LIST OP AFRICAN NAMES. 

Aksum : Abyssinia ; Fr. Aksoum ; (not Axum). 

Albert, Lake : Uganda-Belgian Congo ; Fr. Lac Albert ; local Bantu 

Lueru or Luta Nzige ; (not Albert Nyanza). 
Alexandria : Egypt ; conv. (Lat.) for Ar. hjxS^Y\ = El Iskandariya ; 

Fr. Alexandrie ; Ital. Alessandria. 
Algeria ; conv. for Fr. Algerie ; Ger. Algerien ; Sp. Argel. 
Algiers : Algeria ; conv. for Ar. J\Jk = El Jezair ; Fr. Alger ; Ger. 

Algier ; Ital. Algeri ; Sp. Argel. 
Amuchu : French Togo ; Fr. Amoutchou ; Ger. Amutschu. 
Anekho : French Togo ; alt. Little Popo ; Fr. Anecho or Petit Popo ; 

Ger. Anecho or Klein- Popo ; (not Aneho). 
Ankober : pr. Ankober : Abyssinia ; Amh. ^ilt 1 flC ; (not Ankobar, 

Ancobar). 
Annobon : isld., Spanish Guinea ; Port. Anno Bom ; (not Annabon). 
Antananarivo : Madagascar ; conv. for Malagasy Tananarivo ; Fr. 

Tananarive. 
'Arish, El : pr. 'Arlsh : Egypt ; Ar. J^.^ ; Fr. El Ariche ; Ger. El Arisch. 
Arzeu : pr. Arze-u : Algeria ; Ar. } \jj ; (not Arzew). 
Arzila : pr. Arthila : Morocco ; Sp. also Arcila ; Ar. }LJ == Asila ; 

(not Arzilla, Azila). 
Assini : Ivory Coast ; Fr. Assinie. 

Aswan : Egypt ; Ar. J\j~>\ ; (not Assuan, Assouan, Es-suan). 
Asyut : Egypt ;' Ar. L> i:r J ; (not Assiut, Assiout, Siut). 
Atbara : pr. Atbara : riv., Sudan; Ar. \jj\. 
Aujila: Cyrenaica; Ar. 'A>-j\ ; Ital. Augila ; Fr. Aoudjila; (not Audjila, 

Aujela). 
Azimur: Morocco; Berber; Ar. jyj\ ; (not Azemmur, Azemmour, 

Azemour, Azemur, Azmur, Azamor). 
Azores : islds. ; conv. for Port Acores, pr. Asorezh ; Ger. Azoren. 
Bagirmi : district, Chad Military Territory ; Fr. Baguirnh ; (not Ba- 

ghirmi, Baghermi, Begharmi). 
Bahariya : pr. Bahariya : oasis, Egypt ; Ar. h & ; (not Baharia, 

Baharieh, Bahriya). 
Bahr el Ghazal : prov. and riv., Sudan ; Ar. J|>!^s: ; (not Bahr el Gazal). 
Bamako : French Sudan ; (not Bammako, Bamakou). 
Bangweulu, Lake : Rhodesia-Belgian Congo ; Belg. Bangwelo ; (not 

Bangweolo). 
Banyo : French Cameroons ; Ger. Banjo. 

Bartolomeu Dias : Mozambique ; (not Bartholomeu, Bartholomew Diaz). 
Beheira : prov., Egypt; conv. for Ar. s^s: = Buheira ; (not Behera). 
Benghazi : Cyrenaica ; Ar. ^jU^ ; Ital. Bengasi ; (not Bengazi, Barka). 
Benguella: pr. Bongella (Port.) : Angola; (not Benguela). 
Beni Suef: Egypt; conv. for Ar. ^jbj- jj = Beni Suweif; (not 

Beni Souef). 
Bilbeis : Egypt; Ar. Lr Jj ; (not Belbeis, Bilbos). 
BissagOS : islds , Portuguese Guinea ; conv. for Port. Bijagos or Bijagoz. 

pr. Bizhagozh ; (not Bijouga). 
Bissau : Portuguese Guinea; prop. S. Jose de Bissau; (not Uissao). 



FIRST GENERAL LIST OF AFRICAN NAMES. 3 

Bizerta : Tunisia; conv. (Sp.) for Ar. o,j^ = Benzert; Fr. Bizcrte ; 

Ital. Biserta. 
Blue Nile: riv., Sudan ; conv. for Ar. j^VI JJI = En Nil el Azraq, 

pup. jijjVI j&, — Bahr el Azraq; called in Abyssinia Abbai ('/.'•.): 

(not Bahr-el-Azrak). 
Bolama : Portuguese Guinea; Fr. Boulani ; (not Bulama, Boulama, 

Port Beaver). 
Bone : Algeria; conv. (and Fr.) for Ar. LLc = 'Annaba ; Ital. Bona. 
Bougie: Algeria; c.mv. (and Fr.) for Ar. iUs = Beja-iya; Ital. Bugia. 
Brava : [talian Somaliland ; (not Brawa, Barava, Barawa). 
Bu Dnib : Morocco; Ar. \-*j±j>; Fr. Bou Denib; (not Bu Denib). 
Bwake : Ivory Coast ; Fr. Bouake ; (not Buke). 
Cairo: Egypt; conv. (Ital.) for Ar. s^Ul = El Qahira; Fr. Le Caire ; 

(not El Kahira). 
Cameroons ; conv. from Port, camaroes ( prawns); Fr. Cameroun; 

( !cr. Kamerun. 
Campo : French Cameroons ; (not Kampo). 
Canary, Grand: isld., Canary Islands; conv. for Sp. Gran Canaria ; 

Fr. Grande Canarie. 
Canary Islands; conv. for Sp. Islas Canarias; Fr. Tics Canaries; 

Ger. Canarische Inseln. 
Cape Verde Islands; conv. for Port. Arquipelago de Cabo Verde; 

Fr. Ties du Cap Vert; Ger. Cap Verde Inseln. 
Casablanca: Morocco; conv. (Sp.) for Ar. *UJ| JJI = Ed Dar el 

Baida ; (not Dar el Beida). 
Ceuta : pr. The-uta: Spanish Morocco; Ar. i^ = Scbta. 
Chad: lake, Nigeria, Fr. West Africa and Cameroons; Fr. Tchad; 

Ger. Tschad. 
Chang: French Cameroons ; Fr. Djang; Ger. Dschang; (not .Jang). 
Chilwa, Lake: Nyasaland-Mozambique ; Port. Chirua; (not Shirwa). 
Comoro Islands: pr. K6moro: NT. W. of Madagascar; com. for Fr. lies 

Comore . 
Cyrenaica : prov. of Libya ; conv. (Lat. from'Gr. Kvprjvr} = Kyrene) for 

Ital. Cirenaica ; Fr. Cyrenai'que ; Ar. ^ = Barqa ; (no! Cyrenaika). 
Dahlak : islds., Eritrea; Ar. dJuio ; Ital. I >ahlac ; (not Dahalak, Daalac), 
Dahomey; conv. (and IV.) for Dalionie. 
Dakhla : oasis, Egypt ; Ar. ili-b ; (not Dakhila, Dakhl). 
Damietta : Egypt; com. (Ital.) for Ar. L>L«.i Dumyat ; Fr. Damiette; 

(not Damiata, Dumiat). 
Demnat : Morocco; Ar. oLo= Dmnfd ; (not Demnata, Demnats). 
Diredawa : Abyssinia; Fr. Dire" Daoua; Ital. hire Dana; (not Dirre 

Dana., I >iredaua, Addis I [arrar). 
Dra'a, Wad: pr. locally Dra: riv., Morocco Spanish Sahara; Ar. 

ic o jlj ; Sp. I'.ul Dra; Fr. Oued Deraa or Dra; (not Wadi Draa, 

Nun River). 
Duala : French Cameroons ; Fr. Douala; (no! Bell Town). 
Dzaudzi : Comoro [slands; Fr. Dzaoudzi; (not Zaudzi). 



4 FIRST GENERAL LIST OP AFRICAN NAMES. 

Edward, Lake : Uganda-Belgian Congo ; Fr. Lac Edouard ; Bantu 
Ruita Nzige ; (not Edward Nyanza, Lake Albert Edward). 

Egypt; com. (from Lat. iEgyptus, Gr. Aiywn-os = Aigyptos) for Ar. 
LSj ^>\J a ^\ = El Qutr el Masri, or ^J\ - El Masr ; Heb. DnVQ = 
Mizrayim ; Er. Egypte ; Ger. Agypten ; Ital. Egitto. 

Elba, Cape: Sudan ; conv. for Ar. I^jH ^l^Ras el Hadarba. 

Eritrea; Ital. from Gr. 'Kpvfymia = Erythraia, Lat. Erythraea; Fr. 
Erythree ; (not Eritbrea). 

Faiyum, (El) : Egypt; Ar. +£A\ ; (not Fayum, Fayoum, Fayyum,Fayoom). 

Farafra : oasis, Egypt; Ar. 'ij\j ; (not Farafrah). 

Fdala : Morocco ; Ar. iJUs ; (not Fedala, Fedhala). 

Fernando Po : isld., Spanish Guinea; conv. for Sp. Fernando Poo; 
Port. Fefnao do P6. 

Ferro : Canary Islands ; conv. (Port.) for Sp. Hierro ; Fr. He de Fer. 

Fez : Morocco ; conv. (Sp.) for Ar. ^U = Fas ; Fr. Fes ; Ger. Fes. 

Figig: Morocco; Ar. Ij ( = Fijij, but pr. Figig) ; Fr. and Sp. Figuig. 

Gabon : French Equatorial Africa ; (not Gaboon, Gabun). 

Gallabat : Sudan ; Ar. o^is = Qallabat ; (not Galabat, Kalabat). 
George, Lake : Uganda ; Bantu Dweru ; (not Ruisamba). 
Ghadames : pr. Ghadames : Tripolitania ; Ar. ^Jji; ; Ital. Gadames ; 

(not Bhadames). 
Gharb, El : district, Morocco ; Ar. i_j,i!l ; (not Rharb, Garb). 
Gharyan : Tripolitania : Ar. ^js. ; Ital. Garian ; (not Gharian). 
Ghat : Fezzan, Libya ; Ar. oli ; Ital. Gat ; (not Rhat). 
Gimsa : Egypt ; Ar. L.*> ; (not Gimsah, Jemsa). 
Giza, (El) : Egypt ; Ar. ^-U ; (not Gizeh, Guizeh, Gbizch). 
Godome : Dahomey; Fr. Godomey ; (not Gadomi). 
Gondokoro : pr. Gondokoro : Sudan. 
Goulette, La : Tunisia ; Ital. La Goletta. 

Haifa : Sudan ; Ar. Ul* ; (not Wadi Haifa, Wady Haifa, Taufikia). 
Harar: Abyssinia; Amb. th^C, ; (not Harrar). 
Helwan : pr. Helwan : 'Egypt; conv. for Ar. ^IjL. = Hilwan ; (not 

Heluan, Helouan). 
Inhambane : Mozambique ; Port, for Nyambane ; (not Innamban). 
Ismailia : Egypt; conv. for Ar. iLL^U-l = Isma'iliya; (not Ismailieb, 

Ismailiya). 
Isna: Egypt; Ar. LJ ; (not Esna, Esneh). 

Ivory Coast ; conv. for Fr. Cote d'lvoire ; Ger. Elfcnbein-Kiiste. 
Ja : riv., French Cameroons; Fr. Dja ; Ger. Dscha. 
Jaghbub : oasis, Egypt; Ar. ^->jJ&; Ital. El Giaghbub or Giarabub; 

Fr. Djaraboub; (not Jarabub, Djarabub, Scherhbub, El Geghabuk). 
Jalo : Cyrenaica ; Ar. j!U ; Ital. Gialo ; (not Djalo). 
Jedabya : pr. Jedabya: Cyrenaica; Ar. i-jlj^, prop. Lj\s»\ = Ajedabiya; 

Ital. Gedabia or Agedabia; (not Jedabia, Adjdabie). 
Jerba : isld., Tunisia-; Ar. 'Joj=»\ Fr. Djerba; Ital. Gerba. 
Jibuti : French Somaliland ; Fr. Djibouti ; Ital. Gibuti. 



FIRST GENERAL LIST OP AFRICAN NAMES. 5 

Jijelli: Algeria; Pr. Djidjelli. 

Jijiga: Abyssinia; (not Jigjigga, Djigdjiga). 

Juby, Cape : pr. Jubi: Spanish Sahara; conv. for Sp. Cabo Yul)i or 

Yuby; Ar. 'iAsJh = Tarfa-iya. 
Kabinda: Angola; Port. Cabinda; (not Kabenda, Porto Rico). 
Kasamansa : riv., Senegal; Fr. Casamance; Port. Casamanca; (not 

Kasamanze, Kasamanse, Kazamanza). 
Kavalli : riv., Liberia-Ivory Coast ; Fr. Cavally. 

Kenya: pr. Klnya (not Kenya): int. and territory (Colony and Pro- 
tectorate), E. Africa; conv. for Kii Nya or Kili Nyaga ; (not fctenia). 
Kharga : oasis, Egypt; Ar. i&^li.; (not Khargah, Khargeh). 
Khartoum: Sudan; conv. (Fr.) for Ar. »$oJ>- = Khartum. 
Khoms : Tripolitania ; Ar. ^.♦i- ; Ital. Horns; (not Lebda). 
Khra: French Togo; alt. Akhla; Ger. Chra or Achla. 
Kisanga: Mozambique; Port. Quissanga. 
Kodok : Sudan; Ar. dj^ ; (not Fashoda, Darwar). 
Konakri : French Guinea; Fr. Conakry or Konakry. 
Koncha : French Cameroons; Fr. Kontcha; Ger. Kontscha ; (not Konsha). 
Kotonu : Dahomey ; Fr. Cotonou or Kotonou. 
Kufara : pr. almost Kufra: Cyrenaica; Ar. f\jS , or iy£ = Kafara ; 

lt.il. Cuf ra ; (not Kufra, Kufarah). 
Kliseri : French Cameroons; Fr. Kousseri ; Ger. Kusseri. 
Laghwat : Algeria; conv. for Ar. HjcVl = El Aghwat : Fr. Laghouat ; 

(not Laghuat). 
Lahu, Grand : Ivory Coast ; Fr. Grand Lahou. 
Landana : Angola ; (not Lendana). 
Larache : pr. Larash (Fr.), Larache (Sp.) : Morocco: conv. for Ar. 

,jiil jJI = El 'Araish; (not Laraish, Larash). 
Libya: conv. (Lat. from Gr. Ai/Jify = Libye) for Ital. Libia ; Fr. Libye ; 

(not Lybia, Tripoli, Tripolitania, q.v.). 
LolO : French Cameroons ; Ger. Lolodorf. 
Lourenco Marques : Mozambique; (not Lorenco, Lorenzo). 
Luderitz : town and district, S.W. Africa (add Bay for the Lay) ; 

Port. Angra Pequena, pr. Pekena; (not Luderitz Bay, Liideritzbucht, 

Liideritzort, Angra Pequena). 
Luxor: Egypt ; conv. for Ar.^-aSVI = El Aqsur; (not Luksor, Louksor). 
Magdala : pr. Magdala: Abyssinia. 
Mahedia : pr. Mahedia : Tunisia ; conv. for Ar. .m-H* = Mahdlya ; (not 

Mahdia). 
Mananzhari : Madagascar; Fr. Mananjary ; (not Mananzary, Manan- 

zari, Mananzara, Mananjara, Masindrano). 
Mansura, El: Egypt ; Ar. i^^JI ; (not Mansourah). 
Marrakesh : pr. Marrakesh: Morocco; Ar. J&V^*', Sp. Merrakex | 

Fr. Marrakech ; Ger. Merrakesch; (not Marak h, Morocco City). 
Masikesi : Mozambique; Port. Macequece ; (not Masai Kessi). 



6 FIRST GENERAL LIST OF AFRICAN NAMES. 

Massawa : Eritrea; conv. for Ar. c^» = Musawa' ; Ital. Massaua ; 

Fr. Massaoua. 
Mauritania : French West Africa ; Lat., also Mauretania ; Fr. 

Mauritanie ; Ger. Mauretanien. 
Mayotta : isld., Comoro Islands; Fr. Mayotte. 
Mazagan : Morocco; conv. (Port.) for Ar. I Jj J* = Jedida ; (not 

Mazighan, Djedida, Jadida). 
Mazimbwa : Mozambique ; Port Mocimboa. 
Mehediya : pr. Mehediya : Morocco ; Ar. h±$* '■ ( not Mehedia, Mehe- 

diyah, Mehdia). 
Meknes : Morocco ; conv. for Ar. ^LSd = Miknas ; Fr. Meknes ; 

Sp. Mequinezj (not Meknas, Mekinez). 
Minya, El : Egypt ; Ar. LJI ; (not El Minia, Minieh). 
Misa : French Togo; Ger. Misahohe. 

Misurata : Tripolitania ; Ar. u\j^> ; (not Misrata, Mesurata). 
Mogador: Morocco; conv. for Ar. i^j-JI = Es Suweira ; (not Souira, 

Suerah, Soueira, Sueira). 
Mogadishu : Italian Somaliland ; Ital. Mogadiscio ; (not Mokdishu, 

Magadoxo). 

Morocco ; conv. for Ar. Marrakesh (q.v.) or ^oSVl i_^i*H = El Maghreb 

el Aqsa; Fr. Maroc ; Sp. Marruecos; Ger. Marokko; Ital. Marocco. 

Mozambique : territory, province and town ; conv. for Port. Mozambique. 

Murzuq : Fezzan, Libya ; Ar. jj^ ; Ital. Murzuch ; Fr. Mourzouk de 

Fezzan ; (not Murzuk, Mursuk). 
Muyuka: French Cameroons ; Fr. Mouyouka ; Ger. Mujuka. 
Nile : riv. ; conv. (from Lat. Nilus, Gr. NeiAos = Neilos) for Ar. 

AJI^s: = Bahr en Nil, pop.^ = El Bahr ; Fr. and Ger. Nil. 
Noki : Angola ; Port. Noqui ; (not Nokki). 
Nosi Be : Madagascar ; Fr. Nosy Be ; (not Nossi Be). 
Nuatya : French Togo ; Fr. Nouatya ; Ger. Nuatja ; (not Nuatia, Nuatye). 
Nyamakura : Mozambique ; Port. Nhamacurra ; (not Inyamakura). 
Nyamaroi : Mozambique ; Port. Nhamarroi ; (not Numarroe). 
Nyamirue : Mozambique ; Port. Nhamirrue ; (not Namirrue). 
Nyasa, Lake ; Port. Lago Nyassa ; Ger. Njassa See ; (not Lake Nyassa). 
Nyong : riv., French Cameroons; Ger. Njong. 
Obok : French Somaliland; Fr. Obock. 
Oyem : French Cameroons ; Ger. Ojem. 

Pemba : bay, Mozambique; Port. Bahia de Pemba ; (not Pomba). 
Popo, Grand : Dahomey ; (not Great Pop*.)). 

Porto Amelia : Mozambique ; (not Port Amelia, Pemba Bay, q.v.). 
Port Said: pr. Sa-'ld: Egypt; conv. for Ar. a^-^ = Bor Sa'ld. 
Portuguese Guinea ; conv. for Port. Guine Portuguesa. 
Principe : pr. Prinsipe : isld., Gulf of Guinea ; (not Prince's Island). 
Qabes: Tunisia: Ar. ^jJi ; Fr. Gabes ; Ital. Gabes ; (not Cabes). 
Qairwan : Tunisia; Ar. Jljj?; Fr. Kairouan; (not Kairuan, Kairwan, 

Kairawan, Kerouan, Cairuan, Cairouan). 
Qantara, El : pr. QantarS : Egypt ; Ar. iJaJ\ ; (not Kantara). 



FIRST GENERAL LIST OP AFRICAN NAMES. 7 

Qatiya : pr. Qatiya: Egypt; Ar. iias ; (not Qatia, Qatiyah, Katia, 

Katiya, Katie, Kattieh). 
Qena : Egypt; corn-, for Ar. Li = Qina : (not Keneb., Kena). 
Qnitra : Morocco; Ar. ija^s ; (not Knitra, Kenitra). 
Qoseir, (El): Egypt; Ar.^..nill ; (not Qosseir, Kosseir, Koseir). 
Qsar, El, or El Qsar el Kbir : Morocco] Ar.^Jl^ill ; Sp. Alcazar ; 

(not El Ksar, El Kasr, Alkazar). 
Quelimane : pr. Kelimani: Mozambique; conv. (Port.) foi- Kalimani ; 

(not Kiliman, Quilimani). 
Qus, Wad el: riv. -Morocco; Ar. ^-jSll alj ; (not Kus, Khus, Lukkos, 

Lekous). 
Rabat : Morocco ; Ar. \o\jJ\ = Er Rbat. 
Rafah : Egypt; Ar. i,; (not Rafaa, Rafa, Raphia, Rifah). 

Ramleh : Egypt ; conv. for Ar. J^ll = Er Rami. 

Rejaf : Sudan; (not Regaf, Rigaf). 

Rif, Er : district, Morocco ; (not El Rif, Riff). 

Rosetta: Egypt; conv. (Ital.) for Ar. ±Jij = Rashld ; Fr. Rosette. 

San : Morocco ; conv. for Ar. ^u»l = Asfi ; (not Saffi). 

Sahara : pr. Sahara ; Ar. Aj-z°. 

Sali : Morocco; conv. for Ar. ^L. = Sla ; Fr. Sale: old Eng. Sallee ; 

(not Saleh, Salee, Sale, Sally). 
Sansane Mangu : French Togo ; Fr. Sansanne Mango. 
Sao Miguel : pr. Saora (very nasal) : isld., Azores ; (not St. Michael's). 
Sao Thome : pr. Saon (very nasal) : isld., Gulf of Guinea ; (not St. Thomas). 
SaO Vicente : pr. Saon (very nasal) Visente : isld., Cape Verde Islam Is : 

(not St. Vincent). 
Sbu : riv., Morocco ; Ar. \j^ ; Sp. Sebu ; Fr. Sebou. 
Sennar : Sudan; Ar.^L-; (not Senar, Senaar). 
Shari : riv., French Equatorial Africa ; Fr. Chari. 
Shawiya : pr. Sha-wiya : district, Morocco ; Ar. ijU. ; Fr. Chaouia ; 

Ger. Schauja; (not Sliawia). 
Shishawen : Morocco; Berber; Ar. jjjiiai — Shifsha-un ; Sp. Xexauen ; 

Fr. Chechaouene ; (not Sheshauen, Sheshawen, Chichauen, Shefshawan). 
Sinai : pen. and prov., Egypt; conv. (Heb. TP) for Ar. L-- = Slna. 
Siwa : oasis, Egypt; Ar. ij-» ; (not Siwah, Small, Siwe). 
Socotra : conv. for Ar. ^^ki- = Soqotra ; (not Sokotra, Soqotrah). 
Sokna : Fezzan, Libya; Ar. t£y~ ; ltal. Socna. 

Solium, Es : Egypt; Ar. -jUl ; (not El Solium, Sallum, Salum, Solum). 
Spanish Guinea; conv. for Sp. Guinea Espanola; (Muni to be used 

for the mainland territory). 
Spartel, Cape : Morocco; cons, for Sp. Cabo Espartel; Ar. ^lii.1 ^\j 

= Mas Ashaqar; (no! Etaz-el-Skukkar). 
Suakin : pr.Suakin: Sudan ; conv. for Ac ^1^ = Saw ,1k in : I not Suakiin). 
Sudan: prop. Anglo-Egyptian Sudan ; Ar. Jj r : (not Soudan 
Suelaba : French Cameroons ; Fr. Souelaba; (no! Suellaba). 
Suez: Egypt; conv. Cor Ar. ^-j^JI — E Suweis; Ger. Sues. 



8 FIRST GENERAL LIST OF AFRICAN NAMES. 

Susa : Tunisia; Ar. i-^>; Fr. Sousse. 

Tabu : Ivory Coast ; Fr. Tabou. 

Tafilelt: pr. Tafilelt : Morocco; Berber; Ar. eJ^' = Tafilr.lt; (notTafilat). 

Tajura : French Somalilancl ; Fr. Tadjoura ; (not Tajuria). 

Tanganyika, Lake ; Belg. Lac Tanganika ; Ger. Tanganjika See. 

Tangier : Morocco ; conv. for Ar. l&° = Tanja, loc. pr. Tsanja ; Fr. 

Sp. Ger. Tanger ; Ital. Tangeri ; (not Tangiers). 
Taufikia : Sudan ; conv. for Ar. S-HJjJ = Taufiqiya ; (not Tewfikia). 

Tell el Kebir, (Et) : Egypt ; Ar.^JOl JJI; (not Telelkebir, Tel el Kebir). 

Tenerife : Canary Islands ; (not Teneriffe). 

Tetuan : pr. Tetuan: Morocco; conv. (Sp.) for Berber Titawin ; Ar. 

^Ijkj' ; Fr. Tetouan. 
Tibesti : Chad Military Territory ; Ar. (J v..~.>J ; native Tu ; (not Tibbu). 
Timbuktu : French West Africa ; Fr. Tombouctou ; (not Timbuctoo, 

Timbouctou). 
Tlemsen : Algeria ; Ar. (jLJJ ; Fr. Tlemcen ; (not Tleincen). 
Tripoli: town, Tripolitania ; Ar. i_^s)l ^y^)J° = Tarabulus el Gharb ; 

Fr. Tripoli de Barbarie or d'Afrique ; Ger. (Lat.) Tripolis. 
Tripolitania : prov. of Libya ; Fr. Tripolitaine ; (not Tripoli, Tripolis). 
Tsevie : French Togo ; Fr. Tsevie ; Ger. Tsewie or Chetschawi. 
Tuareg : pr. Tuareg : tribes, Sahara ; Ar. \sL\y or ,j.ly ; Fr. Touareg ; 

Ital. Tuaregh ; (not Tawarik). 
Tulear : Madagascar; (not Tullear). 

Tunisia : conv. for Fr. Tunisie ; (not Tunis, which is the towri). 
Uele : pr. nearly Wele : riv., Belgian Congo; (not Welle). 
Ujda : Morocco ; Ar. is=>-j ; Fr. Oudjda ; (not Oojda). 
Umm er Rbi'a : riv., Morocco ; Ar. »^>J\ "\ ; (not Urn er Rebia). 
Verde, Cape : Senegal ; conv. (from Port. Cabo Vei'de) for Fr. Cap 

Vert ; Ar. j^i\ ^1. = Ras el Akhdhar. 
Victoria, Lake : Uganda-Kenya Colony-Tanganyika Territory ; (not 

Victoria Nyanza, Lake Victoria Nyanza). 
Wad Medani : pr. MedanI, almost Medne : Sudan ; Ar. ^x* 3j. 
Walvis Bay : S. Africa ; orig. Dutch Walvisch Baai ; Ger. Wnliisch 

Bucht ; (not Walfish, Walwich, Walfisch Bay). 
Warqla : Algeria ; Ar. %Jj ; Fr. Ouargla ; (not Wargla). 
Wazzan : Morocco ; Ar. J\jj ; Fr. Ouezzane ; Sp. Uazan ; (not Wazan, 

Wesan, Wessan). 
Wida : Dahomey ; Fr. Ouidah ; Port. Ajuda ; (not Whyda, Whydah). 
Yabasi : French Cameroons ; Fr. Yabassi ; Ger. Jabassi. 
Yaunde : French Cameroons ; Fr. Yaounde ; Ger. Jaunde. 
Yoko : French Cameroons ; Ger. Joko. 

Yukaduma : French Cameroons ; Fr. Youkadouma ; Ger. Jukaduma. 
Zagazig: Egypt; conv. for Ar. jijlsjJI = Ez Zaqazlq. 
Zambezi: riv., Rhodesia-Mozambique; Port. Zambeze ; Fr. Zambeze ; 

Ger. Sambesi ; (not Zambesi). 

I.ONIION : PRINTED BY WM. CLOWKS AM> BOHB, LTD.. MKE STI1KKT, !<TAMFORI> STEKBT. S.K. I. 



PERMANENT COMMITTEE ON GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES 
FOR BRITISH OFFICIAL USE. 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN ABYSSINIA. 



Published for the Permanent Committee on Geographical Names by the 
Royal Geograi'k'uiil Society, Kensington Gore, London, SMI'. 7. 

Price Sixpence. 



For the following- List of Names in Abyssinia the Permanent Committee 
on Geographical Names is much indebted to Mr. A. D. Home, who 
supplied the versions in Amharic characters. Some of the names belong 
to the Galla language ; but the Amharic versions are given throughout. 

Names marked with an asterisk * are alterations of previous decisions 
printed in the First General List of African Names. 

Owing to uncertainty as to the boundaries of provinces and districts, it 

has been considered best in this List to indicate the position of each place 

by its approximate latitude and longitude; the figures given must not be 

taken as more than a rough guide to identification. 

Edward Gleichf.n, Maj.-Gen., 

Chairman, P. C.G.N. 
Royal Geographical Society, 

Kensington Gore, London, S.W.I. July, 1925. 



ABBREVIATIONS, Etc. 



alt alternative. 

Am Amharic. 

Ar Arabic. 

conv conventional. 

dist district. 

Pr French. 

Ger German. 



Ital. 

lat. 

long. 

mt, 

pr. 

prov. 

riv. 



Italian. 
latitudi . 

ide. 
mountain, 
pronoi 

|m>\ i' 
ri ver. 



The pronunciations are in accordance with tin- K.d.S. 11. System, for which 
see Geog. Jour., Jan. 1921, Vol. i.vii, pp. in C. ; of an explanatory leaflel can be 
had on application to the Secretary, P.O.G.N., Royal < Geographic 

The acute acceni ' indicates the tre , and the italic a is the neutral \ 
as in marimt , 

Tim Amharic vowel, which i Dearly like the i ra quit but hoarser like Russian u, 
has been represented in the pronunciations bj 6i to di I from thi 

(Italian) i. 



FIRST LIST OP NAMES IN ABYSSINIA. 



The following notes are taken from "Alphabets of Foreign Languages Transcribed 
into English According to the R.G.S. II. System" (R.G.S. Technical Series: No. 2). 
The information was based on Mr. C. H. Armbruster's " Initia Amharica " and 
Major J. P. Alone's " Short Manual of the Amharic Language." 



Amharic (Abyssinian). 

AMHARIC is a language of Semitic origin, and is akin to the Bega 
language of the Hadendoa Arabs. Although it has no close con- 
nection with Arabic, it has nevertheless some of the features of that 
language, as Arabic scholars would discover. 

The written Amharic alphabet, or rather syllabary, consists of 31 con- 
sonants and 2 vowels, each of the 33 having 7 forms according to the 
vowel-sound pronounced with it, i.e. neutral, a, e, i, o, u, and vowelless 
(or sometimes i as in it) ; in addition, there are 24 characters representing 
certain of the consonants followed by wa (often pronounced 6a), 5 ditto 
by wi, 5 ditto by wo, 5 ditto by wu (or sometimes wi as in wit), 4 ditto 
by we, and 2 ditto by ya. This makes a grand total of 276 different 
characters ; but it is not considered necessary to print them all here, the 
simplest form (i.e. that with the neutral vowel-sound) only being given. 
The following, however, is an example of the possible changes of a single 
character : ft ko, 1} ka, \h ke, H. ki, fa ko, Ifh ku, Ifl k (or ki as in 
lit), ^>, kwa (or koa), Vj, kwe, Vl«- kwi, Jl° kwo, Yf" kwu (or kwi, as 
qui in quit). 

Most of the simple characters have similar attachments for similai 
vowel-sounds, but some of the forms vary. Those marked * have the wa 
form in addition to the 7 vowel forms ; those marked f have the wa, we 
(except *Jl = kh-), wi, wo, wu (or wi as in wit) forms in addition to the 
7 vowel forms. Only m and r have ya forms. 

Amharic consonants are sometimes doubled in pronunciation ; but this 
doubling cannot be indicated by Amharic characters; e.g. htf.tl : h(\(\ 
= Addis Ababa, h(\£, = Abbai. 

Amharic, unlike Hebrew and Arabic, is written from left to right. 
The punctuation marks are : end of a word, : semicolon, :: full-stop 
:". : end of a paragraph. 

In the transliteration of Amharic in the List of Names the neutral 
vowel has generally been rendered by a, but in a few cases by e (e.g. 
Ankober, Debra). 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN ABYSSINIA. 



Amhabic. R.G.S. II. 
(Simple (With Neutral 
Form.) Vowel.) 



1st 1 1 character. 

2nd h character. 

Has also ya form, "z, mya. 

1st s character. 

Has also ya form, £* rya. 

2nd s character. 

A clicked or explosive guttural, often left out by the 

uneducated ; not' so deep a guttural as Arabic J. 
Sometimes v . 
A soft t. 
1st cli character. 
3rd h character. 

The .Spanish u or French gn. 
1st vowel character. 

lias no we form. 

llh (=wi or wu) becomes u after a, forming the 

diphthong an. 
2nd vowel character. 



jft (=yi) becomes i after a or o, forming the diph- 
thongs ai, oi. 



Always hard. 
An explosive I. 

2nd ch character. Between ch and f, like the Oroa 

t ian ('■ : e.g. Chercher is pr. almost. Tyiirtyiir. 
1st p character. 
I in Slioa, : 1st form. 
rarely used : 2nd form. 

2nd p character; 

I l.i u;i form, 
t FTa wa f|>, wi, wo, wu (or w la in 



u 


h 


A* 


1 


fh 


li 


on * 


in 


W 


s 


<T 


r 


rt* 


s 


ff* 


sh 


+t 


k 


n* 


b 


^* 


t 


sfi* 


ch 


'*! 


h 


r 


n 


»y* 


n' 


h 


— 


ht 


k 


fit 


kh 


<D 


w 







If 


z 


*W* 


zh 


P* 


y 


&* 


d 


r 


J 


7t 


g 


m 


t 


aV 


ch, r 


* 


p 


'A 


ts, t 





ts 


<L* 


f 


T 


P 



4 FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN ABYSSINIA. 

Abaya : pr. Abaya: lake, lat. 6° 30', long. 38°; Am. M$ . 

Abbai : riv. (called in Sudan Blue Nile) ; Am. ft0£, ; (not Abai). 

Abi Addi: lat. 13° 30', long. 39 10'; Am. Jifl. : Y\*i. ; (not Abbi 
Addi). 

Abyssinia: Am. hjY?'fc$ = Ityopya, pr. Ityopya ; off. Eng. Ethiopia ; 

Fr. Abyssinie and Etbiopie ; Ital. Abissinia and Etiopia ; Ger. 

Abessinien and Athiopien ; Ar. LJLs:' — El Habesha. 
Addis Ababa : pr. Addis Ababa, nearly Awawa : Am. h%M : h(\(\ ; 

(not Adis Abbaba, Abeba, Abbeba). 
Addis Alam: pr. Alam: lat. 9°, long. 38° 20'; Am. M.ft : *}A9° ; 

(not Adis Alem). 
Adigrat: pr. Adigrat: lat. 14° 20', long. 39" 30' ; Am. h^fli^V ; 

(not Addigrat). 
Aduwa*: pr. Aduwa: lat. 14 c 10', long. 39°; Am. M**? ; (not Adua, 

Adoa, Aclowa). 
Afdam: pr. Afdam: mt., lat. 9 : 30', long. 40° 50'; Am. h<£&?° ; 

(not Afdub, Afdubba). 
Agaumdir: pr. nearly Agaumdbir : dist., lat. 10° 45' — 11° 45', long. 

36° 20'— 37° 20'; Am. hlOh^J^C ; (not Agamneder, Agume- 

der, Agomder). 
Aksum : lat. 14° 10', long. 38° 40' ; Am. Mifr?" ; (not Axum). 
Alafa: pr. Alafa: dist., lat. 12 30', long. 36° 30'; Am. hM- . 
Ankober: pr. Ankobar : lat, 9 : 30', long. 39° 40'; Am. MfrflC ; 

(not Aneobar). 
Antalo: pr. Antalo : lat. 13° 20', long. 39 c 30'; Am. M^*A°. 
Araro : pr. Araro: lat. 4" 50', loug. .38 50'; Am. h£C 
Arusi : pr. Arusi : dist,, lat. 8°, long. 39 — 40°; Am. fa^h, ; (not 

Arussi). 
Ashabo: pr. Ashabo: lat. 4 40', long. 38 10'; Am. Jilffl. 
Assabot : pr. Assabot: mt., lat. 9 15', long. 40 30' ; Am. hAO'l' ; 

(not Assobat, Azabot). 
Awash : pr. Awash : riv.; Am. tl'P'il ; (not Hawash). 
Awusa : pr. Awusa : lake, lat. 7 , long. 38° 20' ; Am. Y\CX.tl ; (not 

Awasa). 
Bagemdir : pr. nearly Bagemdoir: dist,, lat. 12" — 13°, long. 38 — 

38° 30' ; Am. fll^J^C ; (not Baggyemdr, Bege Meder). 
Bahrdar Giyorgis: pr. Bahrdar Giyorgis: lat. 11° 35', long. 37" 25' ; 

Am. H/hC^iC : %?'C%t\ ; (not Babardur Georgis). 
Balchi: pr. nearly Brdtyi : lat. 8= 55', long. 39 20'; Am. i\i\t,U\„ 
* Revision of previous decision. 



FIRST LIST OP NAMES IN ABYSSINIA. 5 

Bale: pr. Bale: .list., hit. 6 -7 , long. 39 12 ; Am. 0A». 
Baroda: pr. Baroda: .list . lat. 6 :i0', long. :i7 10' ; Am. flC?^. 
Beni Shangul : pr. Bani Shangul: dist., lat. 1U 30', long. '•'< 1 30'; 

Am. (from Arabic JyLi jj) i\i.: "rt'JT-A. 
Boran : pr. Boran: dist., lat. 4° — 5°, long. 37° — 11 ; Am. O/.'}. 
Bubasa: pr. Bubasa: lat. 9°, long. 12 10' ; Galla; Am. fl'Hfl ; 

(not Bubassa). 
Burji: lat. 5 30', long. 38 ; Galla ; Am. (\'£%. 
Chalanko : pr. nearly Tyalanko: lat. 9 25', long. 11 •">()'; Am. 

Chercher : pr. nearly Tyartyar : lake, lat. 8 50', long. Hi Hi'; Am. 
(B,Ct3B*C. 

Chilga: pr. nearly Tyiiilga : lat. 12° 30', long. 37° 5' ; Am. "ff'A.I ; 

(not Chelga). 

Choba: pr. nearly Tyoba : lat. 9 \ long. 3!T 10' ; Ant. J^A ; (not 

Chowa). 
Dabat: pr. Dabat: lat. 12° 50', long. 37° 40'; Am. W. 

Dadessa : pr. Dadessa: riv., lat. 8 — 10°, long. 36" 1 ; Am. £&,^ : 
(nut 1 Odessa). 

Dalbu : pr. Dalbu: lat. 7°, long. 38° ; Am. £Afl a ; (not Dalbo). 

Dambacha : pr. nearly Dambatya: lat. 10 30', long. 37 •">0' ; Am. 

Damot: pr. Damot: dist,, lat, 10 30', long. ."-7 ; Am. JiT'l*. 
Dangila : pr. nearly Dangoila : lat. 11 l-">', long. 37 : Am. J|")"M ; 

(not Dungoler). 
Davark: pr. Davark : lat. 13 10', long. 37 55'; Am. $J\C.ty. 
Dawa: pr. Dawa : riv., lat. I -5°, long. 39° — 42 ; Am. £/P : 

(not Daua). 
Debra Birhan : pr. Dabra Boirhan : lat, 9 40', long. 39 30'; Am. 

^•n/.:-nCn; (not Debra Brehan). 
Debra Libanos : pr. Dabra Libanos: lat. 9 10', long. 38 50*; Am. 

K-ai .- ajita 

Debra Markos: pr. Dabra Markos: lat. 10 15', long. 37 50'; Am. 

£-f)^ : a lC4'tl ; (no! Monkorer). 
Debra Tabor: pr. Dabra Tabor: lat, 11 50', long. 38 5'; Am. 

£'fl/. : *i*fU* ; ah. A"7/,. = Samara, pr. Samara. 
Debra Wark : pr. Dabra Wark : lat. in 10', long. 38 10'; Am. 



6 FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN ABYSSINIA. 

Dildi : pr. nearly Doildoi : lat. 11° 30', long. 37° 40' ; Am. £'A£-£ ; 

(not Dildil). 
Diredawa: pr. Diredawa: lat. 9° 40', long. 41° 50'; Am. ^.^*P ; 

(not Dirre Dana). 
Errer: lat. 9° 45', long. 41 25'; Am. h,&C. 
Fantale: pr. Fantale : mt., lat. 9°, long. 40 : ; Am. jLTr^ft* , (not 

Fantalle, Fantalli). 
Gadame: pr. Gadame: lat. 9°, long. 34° 40'; Am. 7*i"Z; (notGidami). 
Gaint: dist., lat. 11 30', long. 38° 30'; Am. ?f,V{' ; (not Gaynt, 

Gahint). 
Gambela: pr. Gambela: lat. 8° 15', long. 34° 35'; Am. 7?°ftA 
Gamo : pr. Gamo : dist., lat. 6°, long. 37° 30' ; Am. B *)f\ 
Ganale Dorya: pr. Ganale Dorya: riv., lat. 4° — 6°, long. 39° — 42 ; 

Am. 7VA» : F-C? (not Doria). 
Gardula : pr. Gardula : lat. 5° 35', long. 37° 30' ; Am. ,?C-S'A. 
Ginir: lat. 7 10', long. 40 35'; Am. 7.fcC. 
Godaburka: pr. Godaburka: lat. 8 55', long. 39° 25' ; Galla ; Am. 

'1°&f\'C? = Gwudaburka. 
Gqjab: pr. Gqjab: riv., lat. 7° 15', long. 36 —37 : 30'; Galla; Am. 

7 3£'fl = Gwojab ; (not Gojeb). 
Gojjam: prov., lat. 10°— 11°, long. 36°— 39°; conv. for Am. 7"$?° = 

( rwojjam. 
Gondar: lat. 12 35', long. 37° 30'; conv. for Am. 7-7&C = Gwondar. 
Gore : pr. < -lore : lat. 8° 10', long. 35° 30' ; conv. for Am. 7»<J» = Gwore ; 

(not Gorei). 
Guba: pr. Guba: mt. and dist., lat. 11° 15', long. 35° 15'; Am. 7*0. 
Gurage : pr. Gurage : (list., lat. 8° 15', long. 38° 15'; Am. 7^-7,. 
Habro: pr. Habro: lat. 8° 50', long. 40° 40'; Am. y«flC 
Hadele Gubo : lat. 11° 25', long. 41 30'; Am. ?£> : 7'0 ; (not 

Hadele Guma). 
Harar : pr. Harar : lat. 9 20', long. 42" ; Am. f h£C ; (not Harrar). 
Hora Abyata: pr. Hora Abyata : lake, lat. 7° 40', long. 38° 30'; Am. 

l/Y. : h-njN* ; (not Horadaka). 
Imbabo: pr. nearly Oimbabo: lat. 9 40', long. 37° 35'; Galla; Am. 

hi^flfl ; alt. p& : *f»*l»Cfl = Gare Kakarba, pr. Kakarba; (not 

Ambabo, Embabo). 
IntottO : pr. nearly Ointot'to : lat. 9° 5', long. 38 n 45' ; Am- hl(H(U | 

(not Entotto). 
Jaldessa: pr. Jaldessa: lat. 9° 45', long. 42° 10'; Am. £Aft/k ; 
(not Gildessa). 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN ABYSSINIA. 7 

Jijiga* : lat. 9" 20', long. 42° 45'; Am. ?.?.P ; (not Jigjiga, Jigjigga 

Djigdjiga). 
Jimma: pr. Jimma: dist., lat. 9° 30', long. 37 15'; Am. 3L"7. 
Jiran : pr. Jiran: lat. 7° 40', long. 37°; Am. '%.{.!. 
Kafa: pr. Kaf a : dist., lat. 7 , long. 36°; Am. h«J- ; (not Kaffa). 
Kambata : pr. Kambata: dist., lat. 7° 30', long. 38° ; Am. ti9°t\^- • 

(not Kambatta). 
Kombalcha: pr. Kombalcha: lat. 8° 55', long 1 . 39 15'; Galla; Am. 

JiS^OA^ ; (not Kumbulcha). 
Kwara: pr. Kwara: dist., lat. 12° 10', long. 36? 20' ; Am. #/5-. 
Ladu: pr. Ladu: lat. 6° 50', long. 38° 30'; Am. A- 4 *-. 
Lalibala: pr. Lalibala: lat. 12°, long. 39°; Am. AA.flA. 
Langana: pr. Langana: lake, lat. 7 40', long. 38 40'; Am. A77V: 

(not Langano). 
Lasharad: pr. Lasharad: lat. 10 40', long. 42 30'; Galla ; Am. AVfc£\ 
Lasta: pr. Lasta: dist., lat. 12° 13°, long. 39 —40 ; Am. Aft;J\ 
Leka: pr. Leka: lat. 8° 40', long. 36 30'; Am. A,.* 
Let Marafiya: pr. Let Marafiya: lat. 9" 40', long. 39 45'; Galla; 

Am. A.-I- s "7^^-JP ; (not Let Marefia). 
Liban : pr. Liban: dist., lat. 5 , long. 39° -40 ; Am. A.fl'J'. 
Magalo: pr. Magalo: lat. 6° 55', long. 40° 40'; Am. a l;)fc\ 
Magdala: lat. 11 25', long. 39 25'; conv. for Am. tfn^ftA = Mak 

dala, pr. Mokdala. 
Mahdara Maryam : pr. Mahdara Maryam: lat. 11° 45', long. 37 55'; 

Am. "?'V£/. : "tti^V ; (not Mahadera Mariam). 

Mahfud: pr. Mahfud: lat. 9 55', long. 39 55'; Am. °7'W-£- ; (not 

Makfud). 
Maji: pr. Maji: lat. G 10', long. 35° 40'; Am. *»l\. 
Makale: pr. Makale: lat. 13 30', long. 3D 30'; Am. mW'A. : (not 

Makalle). 
Mega: pr. Mega: lat. I , long. 38 20'; Am. "7./J. 
Mota: pr. M5ta: lat. 11 5', long. 37 55*; Am 1°"). 
Nakamti: pr. Nokimti: lat. 9 5', long. 36° 30'; Am. V+^'N: : (nol 

Nekempti). 
Ogaden : pr. Ogaden: dist., lat. 8 , long. 11 ; Am. Ji/J$»/>. 
Omo: pr. Omo: riv., lat. 5 9°, long. 36 38 ; Am. M°. 
Sakota: pr. Sakota: lat. 12 10', long. 39 : Am. A\lp ; (not Sokota). 
Salale: pr. Salale: dist., lat. 9 40', long. 38 30' j Am. AAA.: (nol 

Salali). 

Revision of previous deoision. 



8 FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN ABYSSINIA. 

Salla Dingai : pr. Sdlla Doingai : lat. 9° 55', long. 39° 40' ; Am. 

rtA : Rlpff* ; (not Sahala, Sabala). 
Shala : pr. Simla : lake, lat. 7° 30', long. 38° 30' ; Am. % \ ; (not 

Shalla). 
Shibeli : pr. Shibeli : riv., lat. 5°— 7°, long. 42°— 45° ; Am. (T.fl,A. ; 

(not Shebeli). 
Shire: pr. nearly Shoire : dist., lat. 14° 15', long. 38° 15'; Am. *fi£. 
Shoa: prov., lat. 9°— 10°, long. 38°— 40° ; conv. for Am. 'ti<? = Shawa, 

pr. Shaua. 
Sidamo: pr. Sidamo: dist,, lat. 6°, long. 38°— 39° ; Am. A/iT*. 
Simen: pr. nearly Soimen : dist., lat, 13° 20', long. 38° 20'; Am. 

ft "7."? ; (not Semien, Simyen). 
Siri : pr. Soiri : lat. 8° 15', long. 39° 30'; Galla ; Am. l\& ; (not Sirre). 
Sisha: pr. Sisha : lat, G 40', long. 38" 30'; Am. lift. 
Tadacha Malka : pr. Tadacha Malka : lat. 9 ° 10', long. 39^50' ; Am. 

(IX&F : aofoU . 
Tagade: pr. Tagmle : (list,, lat. 13 20', long. 37 20'; Am. m7£, ; 

(not Tsegede). 
Takkaze: pr.Takkdze: riv., lat, 12°— 14°, long. 37—39 ; Am. 1*hH. ; 

Ar. o^ = Set It ; (not Takkazye). 
Tana: pr. Tana (in far north, Tsana): lake, lat, 12°, long. 37" 20'; 

Am. "lV; alt, f^^d+P = Dambiya, pr. Dambiya ; (not Tsana, 

Dembea). 
Wagara: pr. Wdgara: dist., lat. 12° 50', long. 37 c 40' ; Am. fl)7<5- ; 

(not Wogera). 
Walamo: pr. Walamo: dist., lat, 7°, long. 38° ; Am. (0^1°. 
Walkait: pr. W«lkait: dist., lat. 14°, long. 37°; Am. fllA.^'l* ; 

(not Wolkait, Wolgait). 
Wallo: pr. Wdllo: dist,, lat. 11°— 12 ? , long. 39— 40 ; Am. fl)A° : 

(not Wollo). 
Warra Hailu : pr. Warra Hailu : lat, 10° 30', long. 39° 30' ; Am. 

(Dd. : '/£A- 
Web: pr. Wab: riv., lat, 4°~7°, long. 40°- 42; Am. ID'fl. 
Webbe: pr. Wabbe : riv., lat. 7°— 8°, long. 39°— 42 f ; Am. flifl, ; 

(not Webbi, Wabi). 
Yarar: pr. Yarar: int.. lat, 8° 50', long. 39°; Am. f S.C ; (not 

Herer, Harer). 
Zwai: lake, Lat. 8° long. 38 50' ; Am. TfTj?,. 



London: printed i;y um. ci.owes and sons, ltd., dike street, s T ameoi:i> STREET, S.E.I. 



PERMANENT COMMITTEE ON GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES 
FOR BRITISH OFFICIAL USE. 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN GOLD COAST 
AND BRITISH TOGO. 



Published for the Permanent Committee on Geographical Names by the 
Royal Geographical Society, Kensington Gore, London, S.W.I. 



Price Sixpence. 



The following List of Names in Gold Coast and British Togo, having 
been submitted through H.M. Secretary of State for the Colonies to the 
Governor and revised by him, is now published by the Permanent 
Committee on Geographical Names for British Official Use. 

The Committee desire to acknowledge many valuable suggi 
from Rev. C. W. Armstrong, Rev. R. Fisher, Rev. A. W. \Vilkie, 
Rev. T. Witter, and also Mr. A. E. Kitson, C.M.G., C.B.E., Director 
of the Gold Coast Geological Survey. 

Edward Gleichen, Maj.-Gen., 

Chairman, I'.CG.N. 



Royal Geographical Society, 
B nsinglon Core, 

London, S. W. 7. July, 1923. 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN GOLD COAST. 



ABBREVIATIONS. 

Oent Central. mt mountain. 

conv conventional. Port Portuguese. 

•list district. pr pronounced. 

isld island. pt point. 

I™ kilometres. riv river. 

The pronunciutkns are in accordance with the R.G.S. II. System, for which 
see Geog. Jour. Jan. 1921, Vol. lvii. pp. 40-48 ; or an explanatory leaflet can be had 
on application to the Assistant, P.C.G.N., Royal Geographical Society. 

The acute accent ' indicates the stress. Where the stress is not indicated, it is 
presumed to fall on the penultimate syllahle. 

Abetifi : Birrim Dist. ; (not Abetife). 

Aboadi : pt., 10 km. n.k. Sekondi; (nut Aboaddi, Abboaddi). 

Abome Su : riv., 20 km. w. Axim ; (not Eboniesu). 

Aboso : pr. Aboso: 10 km. n.e. Tarkwa ; (not Abosso). 

Accra : pr. Akra : town and dist. ; conv. ; (not Akkra, Akra). 

Achim : pr. between Achim and Akyim : mt., 35 km. N.w. Accra ; (not 

Akyem, Akem, Nyanaw Bepo). 
Achimfo : 20 km. w. Cape Coast ; (not Akyemfu, Akimfu, Akimfoo). 
Achowa : 35 km. s.w. Sekondi : (not Achunwa). 

Ada: pr. Ada : town and dist. ; (not Adda, Addah, Addafoa, Beachtown). 
Adafienu : 25 km. n.e. Keta ; (not Adafia, Adaffia). 
Adina : 15 km. N.E. Keta; (not Elmina, Elmina Chica). 
Aflao : 30 km. n.e. Keta; (not Alloa, Aflahu, Porura). 
Agomeda: pr. Agomeda : 30 km. N.w. Prampram ; (not Agameda). 
Aja : 5 km. w. Saltpond ; (not Aga, Agya, Egya). 
Ajua : pr. Ajua : 15 km. s.w. Sekondi; (not Acljua, Adjuah). 
Akromase : pr. Akromase : pt., 4 km. N.w. Axim ; (not Akrumasi). 
Akwaji : 5 km. n.e. Keta; (not Akwiji, Akwajo, Keji, Okwasi). 
Akwida : 40 km. s.w. Sekondi ; (not Akwada). 
Amedika : pr. Ainedika : 1 km. n. Akuse ; (not Amidika). 
Amkwana : 15 km. w. Cape Coast; (not Amquana, Anguara, 

Ankwanda). 
Anankwan : pr. nearly Anang-kwon : riv., 5 km. n.e. Sekondi ; (not 

Anamkwon, Ananquon). 
Ankobra : riv. and dist.; (not Ankwao). 
Ankobra : 5 km. n.w. Axim, w. Ankobra riv. ; (not Sarhuman, Sara- 

mang, Sanhoman, Sanuma). 
Anomabu : pr. Anomabii : 10 km. w. Saltpond; (not Anomabo, Anamabo, 

Anamaboe). 
Anta Su : riv., 30 km. w. Cape Coast; (not Antu Su, Abroti, Abrodi, 

Abrol>y). 
Apam : pr. Apam : 15 km. w. Winneba : (not Appam). 
Apara : bill, 25 km. N.E. Winneba; (not Appra). 
Asakri : rocks, 10 km. vv. Winneba ; (nut Assakri). 
Asankrangwa : 75 km. w. Dunkwa; (not Asankagwa). 
Ayen Su : riv., 2 km. B. AVinneba ; (not Ainsu, Ayhnsoo). 



FIRST LIST OP NAMES IN GOLD COAST. 3 

Babeaneha : pr. Babeaneha : SO km. x.w. Dunkwa ; (not Babianeha). 

Benso : 20 km. s.w. Tarkwa ; (not Ban 

Beraku : pr. Beraku: 15 km. e. Winneba; (nol Berraku, Bereku. 

Barracoe, Barako, Senya, Seuia). 
Big Ada : pr. Ada : 5 km. x. Ada ; (not Big Adda). 
Blekusu : 10 km. x.i:. Keta ; (not Blukus, Blukoso). 
Bobowase : pr. Bobowase: isld. off Axim ; (not Bobowasi). 
Bosumtwi : lake, 40 km. x.i:. Obuasi, S. Ashanti; (not Bosumtwe, 

Busumtwi). 

Bushua : pr. Bushua: 30 km. s.w. Sekondi; (not Busua, Bushau). 

Butri : 25 km. s.w. Sekondi ; (not Butre, Bootrv). 

Cape Coast: town and <list. ; eon v. (from Port. Cabo Corso) for native 

Igua Ogwa ; (not Cape Coast Castle). 
Dampa : bill, 20 km. w. Accra; (not The Cook's Loaf, Cooks' Loaf). 
Den Su : riv., 10 km. w. Accra; (not Densu, Sekuni). 
Denu : 25 km. x.e. Keta ; (not Danu, Dano, Danoe). 
Dixcove : 30 km. s.w. Sekondi ; (not Dix Cove). 
Dufo : 15 km. e. Akuse; (not Buffo). 

Dzelu Kope: 5 km. s. Keta; (not Jelu Kofwi, Jellu-kofi, Jella Koffi, 
Jelakofsve). 

Eguafo : 20 km. w. Cape Coast; (not Aguafo). 
Elmina : 10 km. w. Cape Coast ; (not St. George Del Mina, Dena). 
Enchi : pr. between Enchi and Enkyi: W. Frontier; (not Anchi, Nkyi). 
Feta : 20 km. x.i:. Winneba; (not Fetta, Fete). 

Fomana: pr. Fomana: 20 km. x.e. Obuasi, S. Ashanti; (not Fomena, 

Fommanah). 
Fort St. Anthony : Axim ; (not Fort Anthony). 
Half Assini : pr. Assini: 75 km. w. Axim; (not Half Asini, Half 

A-sinie, Half Aseni, Awiano, Ewiano). 
Heaven : ruck, 2 km. w. Axim ; (not Hoeven). 
Hemang : 25 km. x.w. Tarkwa; (not Himan). 
Juaben : pr. between Juaben and Dwaben: 30 km. x.k. Kumasi, Cent. 

Ashanti ; (not Juabin, Jabin). 

Kanko Su: pr. nearly Kangko : riv., 20 km. n.e. Winneba; (not Kaku). 
Keta: pr. Keta: town and dist.; (not Kitta, Kwitta, Quittab). 
Kibi : pr. between Kibi and < Jbibi : 60 km. s. Abetife ; (not Kibbi, Kyebi). 
Kichoru : pt., 10 km. w. Winneba : (not Kitchoru, Kitchoroo). 
Kokobo : pr. Kokobo: pt., 15 km. s.w. Sekondi; (not Pompendi). 
Kokofu : pr. Kokofu: 10 km. n.e. Obuasi, S. Ashanti; (not Kokfu). 
Komenda : 30 km. w. Cape Coast ; (not Kommenda, Commenda). 
Kormantin : pr. Kormantin: '.'> km. w. Saltpond; (nol Kormantan, 

Cormantine ■. 
Kpone : 5 km. w. Prampram ; (not Poni). 

Kumasi: l>r. Kumasi: Cent. Ashanti ; (not Kumase, Coomassie). 
Labadi : 5 km. e. Accra : (not Labardi). 
Legu : 25 km. s.w. Winneba; (not Lego, Lagu, Lagoua, Leggoo, 

Degu, Deggu). 
Mamkwadi : 10 km. w. Winneba; (not Mamquady, Mankwado). 
Mampong : 60 km. x.w. Cape Coast; (not Mampon), 



4 FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN GOLD COAST. 

Mampong : 50 km. n.e. Kumasi, Cent. Ashanti ; (not Marnpon). 

Manso : 50 km. n. Cape Coast ; (not Mansu). 

Manso Nkwanta : 40 km. N.w. Obuasi, S. Ashanti ; (not Mansu 

Inkwanta, Nkwanta). 
Mape : pr. Mape : W. Frontier ; (not Mappe). 
Mome Su : riv., 45 km. W. Ada ; (not Murao). 
Mudrakrani : pt., 15 km. s.e. Axim; (not Mudrakani, Peninsula 

Point). 
Mumford : 20 km. s.w. Winneba ; (not Mumfort, Gamma, Gammah). 
Muna : 25 km. e. Saltpond ; (not Imooma, Afimini, Emini). 
Muni : riv., 5 km. w. Winneba ; (not Munni, Munnee). 
Newtown : 100 km. w. Axim ; conv. for native Aforenu. 
NingO : mt., 10 km. s.e. Akuse ; alt. Yungwase ; (not Ningo Grande, 

Noya, Osudoku). 
Nkwatia : pr. Nkwatia : 5 km. s. Abetife ; (not Nkwati). 
Nyan : riv., 15 km. s.e. Axim ; (not St. John's, Prince, Princes). 
Nyanyano : 30 km. n.e. Winneba ; (not Nianyano, ISTiayano, Ninyano). 
Obuasi : pr. Obuisi : S. Ashanti ; (not Obuassi, Oboase). 
Oda: 80 km. n. Saltpond; form. Nsuem ; (not Nsuaem, Insuaim). 
Pepre : pt., 1 km. s. Axim ; (not Pepre). 

Poase : pi'- Poase : 5 km. s.w. Sekondi ; (not Apoasi, Appoassi). 
Pompendi : 15 km. s.w. Sekondi ; (not Pompomde, Pomponei). 
Pra : riv., 15 km. n.e. Sekondi; (not Prah, Busum Prah). 
Prasu : 90 km. N. Cape Coast ; (not Prahsu, Praso, Pransu). 
Prince's Town : 15 km. s.e. Axim ; (not Princes Town, Prince, Fort 

Brandenburg). 
Prinsisu : pr. Prinsisu : 20 km. w. Dunkwa ; (not Princisu, Princesu, 

Prinsiso). 
Saltpond : town and dist. ; conv. for native Achimfo ; (not Salt Pond). 
Sefwi Bekwai : 65 km. n.w. Dunkwa ; (not Bekwai). 
Sekondi : pr. Sekondi ; town and dist. ; (not Secondee, Seccondee). 
Senya : hill, 15 km. e. Winneba; (not Senia, Seniah). 
Shai : hills, 20 km. n. Prampram ; (not Krobo). 

Shama: pr. Shama : 10km. n.e. Sekondi; (not Chama, Chamah, Sima). 
Srafa : 25 km. e. Saltpond ; (not Serfampan, Sasra). 
Susu : riv., 30 km. w. Cape Coast ; (not Susn). 

Takoradi : 5 km. s.w. Sekondi ; (not Takeradi, Tacorady, Nkontompo). 
Tantamkweri : 30 km. e. Saltpond ; (not Tantumkweri, Tantamkwere, 

Tantamquerry). 
Tarkwa : town and dist. ; conv. for Takwa ; (not Tarquah). 
Terceira: pt., 5 km. s.e. Axim; conv. (Port.); (not Mount Terceira). 
Teshi : 10 km. e. Accra; (not Tassi). 
TomentO : 40 km. n. Axim ; (not Tomentou). 

Tsiaka Bansu : pt., 1 km. n. Sekondi ; (not Tsiakur Bansu, Touclou). 
Weh : 10 km. s. Keta ; (not We, Wei). 
Wiawso: W. Frontier ; (not Wiawoso, Wiawuso, Wiosu). 
Winneba : pr. Winneba : town and dist. ; (not Winnebah). 
Wonkom : pr. nearly Wongkom : riv., 10 km. w. Saltpond; (not 
Gwonkom). 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN BRITISH TOGO. 



ABBREVIATIONS. 

alt alternative. mt mountain. 

dist district. pr pronounced. 

km kilometres. riv river. 



Abrewangko : 70 km. n.e. Kete Krachi ; alt. Abriongko, pr. 

Abriongko ; (not Abrewanko). 
Abuadi : pr. Abuadi : 60 km. s.e. Kpaudu ; (not Abwadi). 
Akingayile : 15 km. n.w. Yendi; (not Akinayile, Akingajile). 
Ameiope : 20 km. s.k. Kpandu; (not Amejove, Amedschowe, Ame- 

dschovhe). 
Apazo : 35 km. s.e. Kete Krachi ; (not Apaso). 
Awejegbe : mt., 45 km. n.e. Kpandu ; (not Awedjegbe). 
Azwokoko : pr. Azwokoko: riv., 50 km. s.e. Kete Krachi; (not 

Asuokoko, Asukoko, Aswokoko). 
Bagyamze : pr. Bagyamze : 35 km. n.w. Kete Krachi : (not Bagyainse, 

J tagjamse, Bayamso). 
Bangka : 20 km. e. Kete Krachi ; (not Banka). 
Basa : }>r. Basa: riv., 70 km. n.e. Kete Krachi; (not Bassa). 
Benjabe : mt., SO km. e. Kete Krachi ; (not Bendjabe). 
Berowaniase : 75 km. n.e. Kete Krachi ; alt. Breniase ; (not 

Berowaniasse, Breniasse). 
Bunatye : pr. Bunatye : riv.. 75 km. n.e. Kete Krachi; (not Bunatje). 
Bungbong : 120 kin. N. Yendi ; (not Bunbon, Bonbon). 
Chai : pr. Cha-i: riv., 55 km. N.E. Kete Krachi; (not Tschai). 
Chamba : pr. Chamba : 1U0 km. n. Kete Krachi; alt. Kemba ; (not 

Tschamba, Shama). 
Chereponi : 85 km. n.e. Yendi ; (not Jereponi, Djereponi). 
Chokosi : locality, n. Yendi ; (not Chakosi, Tschokossi). 
Dadiaze : pr. Dadiaze: 15 km. E. Kete Krachi; (not Dadiase). 
Dangbae : pr. Dangba-e : 45 km. n.e. Kete Krachi ; (not Danbae). 
Dayi : pr. Day! : riv., 1 (J km. b. Kpandu; alt. Abo, pr. Abo; (not Daji, 

Dae, Dea). 
Demon: pr. Demon: 30 km. i:. Yondi ; (not Demong). 
Dentemanzo : 20 km. s.e. Kete Krachi ; (not Dentemanso). 
Etzipe : pr. Etzip<; : 40 km. s.k. Kpandu ; (not Etsipe). 
Gingba : 110 km. \. Yendi; (not Ginba, Gimbani). 
Gokorong : pr. Gokorong: 95 km. n.e. Kete Krachi ; (not Gokoron). 
Gushiago : 60 km. n. Yendi; (not Guschiocho, Gushiokho, Guachiegu). 
Gyegi : 125 km. n. Kete Krachi; (not Gjegi). 



6 FIRST LIST OP NAMES IN BRITISH TOGO. 

Jana : 10 km. s. Kpandu ; (not Yana). 

Jani : 25 km. s. Kpandu ; (not Djani). 

Jasikan : pr, Jasikan: 50 km. n.e. Kpandu; (not Gyasekan, Gjasekang). 

Jifaji : 20 km. s.w. Kpandu; (not Djifadji). 

Jigbe:pr. Jigbe : 10 km. s. Kpandu; alt. Okyirefo ; (not Djigbe, 

Okjirefo). 
Jokpe : 15 km. s.e. Kpandu ; (not Jogbe). 
Jonayile : 130 km. n. Kete Krachi ; (not Djonajile). 
Kankansi : riv., 30 km. e. Yendi ; (not Kankassi, Kakassi). 
Karvizon : ^0 km. N.w. Yendi; (not Karwison). 
Kejebi : 70 km. n.e. Kete Krachi; (not Kedjebi). 
Kepateso : 20 km. n. Kete Krachi ; alt. Tariaso ; (not Kepatesso, 

Gebatasso, Tariasso). 
Kete Krachi : town ; (not Kete-Kratschi). 
Khenu : 25 km. e. Kpandu ; (not Chenu). 

Khokhoe : pr. Khokho-e: 25 km. n.e. Kpandu; (not Chochoe). 
Kichibo : pr. Kichibo : 80 km. n.e. Kpandu ; (not Kitschibo, Kachibo). 
Konsu : riv., 30 km. n. Kpandu ; (not Konssu). 
Kpandu : town ; (not Kpando, Tsakpe, Gabi). 
Kpetoe : pr. Kpetoe : 70 km. s.e. Kpandu ; (not Botoe, Boto). 
Kpetsu : pr. Kpetsu : 70 km. s.e. Kpandu ; (not Kpeju, Kpedschu). 
Klljora : pr- Kujora : 10 km. s.e. Kpandu ; (not Kudjora). 
Kukwo : 125 km. n. Kete Krachi ; (not Kukuo). 
Kukwo : 60 km. s.e. Yendi ; (not Kukuo). 
Kuntja : 45 km. n.e. Yendi ; (not Kutya, Kutja). 
Kunya : mts., 20 km. n.e. Kpandu ; (not Kunja, Sechsherrenstock). 
Kuyi : riv., 60 km. s.e. Yendi ; (not Kuji). 
Kuzangnaeli : pr. Kuzangna-eli : int., 70 km. s.e. Yendi ; (not Kusan- 

gnaeli). 
Laganya : pr. Laganya : 30 km. s. Yendi ; (not Laganja, Lahanya). 
Machakpeni : riv., 35 km. e. Yendi ; (not Matschakpeni). 
Manyo : riv., 120 km. N. Yendi; (not Manjo, Mango). 
Mbanga : 100 km. n. Yendi; (not Mbana, Mbang). 
Mokhole : pr. Mokhole : riv., 140 km. N. Yendi ; (not Mochole). 
Moshiegu : pr. Moshiegu: 110 km. N. Yendi; (not Moshiego, Mos- 

chiegu, Mossiegu). 
Nabulugu : pr. Nabulugu : 75 km. n.w. Yendi ; alt. Akingayile ; (not 

Akinajile). 
Nakpali : 145 km. n.e. Kete Krachi; (not Nakpau). 
Nakpayile : 110 km. n. Kete Krachi ; (not Nakpajile). 
Nangmong : 110 km. n. Yendi; (not Nanmon, Namong). 
Nazisir : 120 km. n. Yendi ; (not Nasissir, Nossissiri). 
Nazwo : 120 km. N. Yendi ; alt. Tognara ; (not Nasuo, Tokwarra). 
Nchumuru : pr. Nchiirnuru : 15 km. N. Kpandu; alt. Ahengkro ; (not 

Ntschumuru, Ahenkro). 
New Borae : pr. Bora-e : 45 km. n. Kete Krachi ; (not Neu-Borae, 

Brai). 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN BRITISH TOGO. 7 

Otisu : pr. Otisu : 25 km. s.b. Kete Krachi; (not Otizu). 

Paji : pr. Paji : 20 km. n.e. Kete Krachi; (not Padji). 

Pampawue : pr. Pampawu-e : 75 km. k. Kete Krachi; (not Pampawe). 

Pawa : 100 km. n.e. Kete Krachi; (not Paua). 

PllSUga : pr. Pusuga: 130 km. N. Kete Krachi ; (not Pussuga). 

Sabari : 40 km. s.e. Yendi ; (not Ssabari). 

Saboba : 50 km. N.E. Yencli ; (not Chopowa, Tschopowa). 

Sakpio : 15 km. N. Yendi; (not Segbewu, Sakpakho, Sepakho). 

Sambu : pr. Sambu : 15 km. w. Yendi ; (not Ssambu). 

Samoayile : 80 km. n.w. Yendi ; (not Somayili, Somajile, Somayile). 

Sanguli : 20 km. n.w. Yendi ; (not Sanduli). 

Santrokofi : 35 km. n.e. Kpandu ; (not Zantrokofi). 

Shiare : 95 km. n.e. Kete Krachi ; (not Schiare). 

Siene : 65 km. s.e. Yendi; (not Ssiene). 

Sunsoil : 20ikra. n. Yendi ; (not Sunsong). 

Tangkpa : pr. Tangkpa : riv., 50 km. s.e. Yendi ; (not Tankpa). 

Tarenzia : pr. Tarenzia : 115 km. n. Yendi; alt. Terenzia ; (not 

Tarensia, Terensia, Taranzia). 
Tarenzig- : 100 km. N. Yendi ; (not Tarensig). 
Todze : riv., 35 km. s.e. Kpandu; (not Tojie, Tod.scliie, Tajej. 
Waya : 75 km. s.e. Kpandu ; (not Waja). 
Woadze : pr. AYo-adze : 30 km. s. Kpandu ; (not Woadse). 
Wulehe Sokhani : pr. Wulehe Sokhani : 100 km. n. Kete Krachi; 

alt. \Vulenchi ; (not Wulehe-Socbani, Wulentschi, Wuleschi). 
Wurupong: 20 km. n. Kpandu; (not Wurupon, Wuropon). 
Wuyae : pr. Wuya-e : GO km. n. Kete Krachi; (not Wujae). 
Yangkazia : pr. Yangkazia: 120 km. x. Yendi; (not Yankasia, 

Jankasia). 
Yapala : 50 km. s.w. Yendi ; (not Japala, Yakpalla). 
Yendi : town ; (not Jendi). 

Yimam : pr. Yim m : 95 km. \. Ivete Krachi ; (not Jimam). 
Yoali : pr. Y6-ali : 105 kin. n. Kete Krachi j (not Joali, Tjole). 
Yogu : 105 km. n.e. Yendi ; (Hot Jogu). 
Zabzugu : 50 km. e. Yendi ; (not Sansugu). 
Zangfuzi : pr. Zangfuzi: 115 km. n. Yendi; alt. Zangfuzj (not 

Sanfusi, Sanfus, Sangfus). 
Zanguri : 55 km. \ e. Yendi ; (not Sanguri). 
Zegberi : 5.") km. n. Yendi ; (not Segberi). 



% 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN TANGANYIKA TERRITORY. 



CORRIGENDA. 

p. 2. For Nzaza, etc., read as folloios :— 

Z.SLZB.I ISO km. s.w. Bukoba ; (not Nzaza, Nsasa). 

p. 7. For Igulwe, etc., read as follows : — 

Guiwe : nit., 80 km. E. Dodoma ; prop. Igulwe ; (not 
Gulue). 

For Manyonyi read Manyoni. 

For Mbahi, etc., read as follows : — 

Bahi : 00 km. w. Docloma ; (not Ibahi, Mbaki). 

p. 8. For Nzinje, etc., read as follows: — 

Nzinge : 15 km. N.w. Dodoma: sometimes pr. Nzinje; 
(not Zinge, Singe). 



LIST OF PUBLICATIONS 

for the Permanent Committte on Geographical Names by the 
Royal Geographical Society, Kensington Gore, London, S.W. 7. 

PRICE SIXPENCE EACH. 

FIRST GENERAL LIST OF EUROPEAN NAMES. 

FIRST GENERAL LIST OF ASIATIC NAMES. 

FIRST GENERAL LIST OF AFRICAN NAMES. 

FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN TANGANYIKA TERRITORY. 

FIRST GENERAL LIST OF OCEANIC NAMES (FOREIGN 
DEPENDENCIES). 

FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN 'IRAQ (MESOPOTAMIA). 

SECOND GENERAL LIST OF EUROPEAN NAMES. 

SECOND GENERAL LIST OF ASIATIC NAMES. 



The first four Lists were also issued with the Geographical Journal 
for April 1921, July 1921, January 1922, and February 1922 respectively. 



LONDON : PRINTKI) BY W1I. CLOWES AND SONS, LTD., DUKK STREET, STAMFORD STREET, S.E.I. 



/ 

PERMANENT COMMITTEE ON GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES 
FOR BRITISH OFFICIAL USE. 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN TANGANYIKA 
TERRITORY. 



Published for the Permanent Committee on Geographical Names by Pie 
Royal Geographical Society, Kensington Gore, London, S. W. J. 

Price Sixpence. 



The following List of Names in Tanganyika Territory, having been 
submitted through H.M. Secretary of State for the Colonies to the 
Governor and revised by the District Political Officers, is now published 
by the Permanent Committee on Geographical Names for British 
Official Use. 

The List has also been submitted to experienced members of the 
Universities .Mission to Central Africa and the Church Missionary Society. 
The Committee desire to acknowledge many valuable suggestions from 
Archdeacon H. W. Woodward, Rev. W. V. Lucas of the U.M.C.A., and 
Dr. E. J. Baxter, Rev. H. Cole.. Rev. E. W. Doulton, Mr. A. J. Swann 
of the C.M.S., and especially wish to thank Rev. C. C. Child for his 
kind offices in procuring the assistance of these authorities. 

Tin: ( lommittee rue also indebted to Sir IT. IT. Johnston for a general 

revision of the List. 

Edward Gleichen, Maj.-Gen., 

Chairman, P. C.G.N. 
Royal Geogk vphical Sociei y, 

Kensington Gore, \ruary, 1022. 

London, S.W. 7. Corrected, January, 1926. 



ABBREVIATIONS, Etc. 

alt alternative. loc locally. 

Ar Arabic. ml mountain. 

conv conventional. pr pronouna 

'list district. prop properly. 

isld island. riv river. 

km kilorm tn . 

The pronunciations are in R..G.S. II. System, i"i which see 

Jour. Jan. [921, Vol. Ivii. pp. 40 1; ; 01 an explanatory leaflet ran be had on 
application i" tin Secretary, P.C.G.N., Ro phical Society. 

The ■■ it ' indicates V\ >• > \$ indicated, it is 

presumed to fall on the penultimate syllable, 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN TANGANYIKA 
TERRITORY. 

BUKOBA DISTRICT. 

Biharamulo 1155 km. s. Bukoba : (not Biaramulo, Usuwi). 
Bumbire : isld., 35 km. s. Bukoba: alt. Bumbide : (not Bumbireh). 
Burigi : lake, 100 km. s.w. Bukoba : alt. Lueru lo Urigi : (not Birigi). 
Buyangu : 30 km. N.w. Bukoba : (not Buyanga, Bujangu). 
Buzirayombo : 160 km. s. Bukoba: (not Busirayombo, Busirajombo, 

Busbirayombo). 
Bwanga : 180 km. s. Bukoba : alt. Bwanga kwa Matamba : (not Wanga). 
Kanyonza : 150 km. w. Bukoba : (not Kanyonsa, Kanjonsa, Kangonsa). 
Kaseke : 160 km. s.w. Bukoba : (not Kasseke). 
Kasingaine: riv. Bukoba Dist. : (not Kazingeyne, Kasingeyne, Kasingejne, 

Kassingeine). 
Keza : 200 km. s.w. Bukoba : (not Kesa). 
Kiziramuyaga : 95 km. s. Bukoba: alt. Kixiramuyaga kwa Kajuma, 

Katembe : (not Kissiramiaga-kwa-Kadjuma, Kisiramiaga, Ki/.ira- 

miaga, Kijira Miaga, Kadjuma). 
Luvumbo : 60 km. s. Bukoba: alt. Luvumbo kwa Nyeruamba : (not 

Luwumbo, Luwungu, Njeruamba's). 
Maisome : isld., no km. s. Bukoba : (not Maissome, Meissome). 
Mugesera : lake, 175 km. s.w. Bukoba: (not Mugessera). 
Nyamirembe : 135 km. s. Bukoba: (not Niemirembe, Namirembe). 
Nyarubungo : 155 km. s. Bukoba: (not Njaruwungo, Nyarawungo, 

Biharamulo q.v., Usuwi). 
Nyatakara : 200 km. s. Bukoba : (not Njatakara, Friedberg, Usambiro). 
Rubabu : cape, 40 km. n. Bukoba : alt. Bugabu, Kagegi. 
Rubya : 55 km. s.w. Bukoba: (not Rubja). 
Rusera : 150 km. s.w. Bukoba : (not Russera). 
Rusubi : locality, Bukoba Dist. : (not Usuwi, Usuvi, Ussuwi). 
Ruvuvu : riv. Bukoba Dist. : (not Ruwuwu). 

Ruwondo : isld., 100 km. s. Bukoba : alt. Luwondo : (not Ruvondo). 
Rwavigimba : 210 km. s.w. Bukoba : (not Yavigimba, Jawigimba's). 
Weranyanye : 105 km. s.w. Bukoba: (not Veranyanye, W'eranjanje, 

Weranjange). 
Zaza : 180 km. s.w. Bukoba : (not Nzaza, Nsasa). 

MWANZA DISTRICT. 

Buchuru : 145 km. n.e. Mwanza : (not Butscburu, Bukhuru). 
Bugisha: 35 km. s. Mwanza: (not Bugiscba). 
Buyombe : 70 km. s.w. Mwanza: (not Bujombe). 
Ermesa : 25 km. e. Ikoma : (not Ermessa). 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN TANGANYIKA TERRITORY. 3 

Handajega: 135 km. e. Mwanza: alt. Amayoka : (not Handayega, 

Amajoka). 
Jojiro : 70 km. s.e. Mwanza : (not Dyodyiro, Djodjiro). 
Kagehi : 30 km. n.e. Mwanza: (not Kageyi, Kahegi). 
Kazadi : 65 km, s. Mwanza: (not Kasadi, Kazodi, Kasodi). 
Kizaka : 45 km. s.e. [koma: (not Kisaka). 
Kyafuma : 65 km. s.w. Mwanza: alt. Kyafuma kwa Makolo : (not 

Kjafuma-kwa-Makolo). 
Lovire: 70 km. s. Mwanza: alt. Lovire kwa Sekimayu : (not Sekimayu, 

Lowire-kwa-Ssekimaju, Lowire-kwa-Makolo). 
Lugundiga: 175 km. s.e. Mwanza: (not Dugundega, Meatu). 
Majita : 90 km. n.e. Mwanza: (not Madjita). 
Manyanya : 90 km. e. Mwanza : (not Manjanja). 

Masanga : 95 km. s.e. Mwanza: alt. Kuru : (not Mazanga, Zengerema). 
Mbushi: riv. s. Mwanza Dist. : (not Mbu/.i, Mbusi). 
Mbuza : 35 km. w. I koma : (not Mbusa). 

Mumusi : riv. 130 km. n.e. Mwanza: (not Mumussi, Washani, Grumeti). 
Murichunda : riv. 20 km. w. Mwanza: (not Muritshunda, Murit- 

schunda). 

Musoma: 150 km. n.e. Mwanza: (not Muzoma, Mazama, Misoma). 

Mwanza : town and dist. : (not Mwansa, Muanza, Muansa). 

Nasio : 60 km. x. Mwanza : alt. Bukaba : (not Nanzore, Nansore, Mkaka's). 

Ndasekera : mt., 120 km. e. Ikoma : (not Ndasegera, Ndassekera). 

Nyakasasa: 85 km. s.w. Mwanza: (not Nyakassassa, Njakassassa). 

Nyanguge: 35 km. e. Mwanza: (not Yanguge, Yanguje, Janguge). 

Nyaruzo : 220 km. n.e. Mwanza : (not Nyaruso, Njaruso). 

Nyavangi : 150 km. n.e. Mwanza : (not Niawangi, Njawangi, Njawange). 

OlgOS : 70 km. e. Ikoma : (not Olgoss). 

Oyondo : mt, 110 km. e. Ikoma: (not Ojondo, Oljiondo). 

Serengeti : steppe, e. Mwanza Dist. : (not Zerengeti). 

Shanwa : 115 km. s.e. Mwanza: mot Shanoa, Schanoa, Magala, 

Magalla). 
Shimiyu : pr.Shimiyu: 65 km. e. Mwanza : (not Ssimiju, Ssimyu, Simiyu). 
Shirati : 200 km. n.e. Mwanza : (not Schirati). 
Somanda : 125 km. e. Mwanza: (not Zomanda). 
Ulima : 75 km. e. Mwanza: alt. Nassa. 
Usambiro: 115 km. s.w. Mwanza: (not Ussambiro). 
Ushashi : locality, Mwanza Dist.: alt. Washashi : (not Uschaschi, 

Waschaschi, Shashi). 
Usukuma: locality, Mwanza Dist.: (nut Ussukuma). 
Uzinza: locality, Mwanza Dist.: (not Uzinja, Usinja, Usindya, 

Usindscha). 
Vulavuye : .So km. e. Mwanza: (not Wulawuje). 
Zeleya: 145 km. e. Mwanza: (not Zeleia, Seleia, Seleja). 
Zemu : riv. s. Mwanza Dist. : (not Semu). 

Zimbiti: riv. s. M wan/a Dist.: alt. Zibiti : (not Smibiti, Sibiti). 
Ziriga : is km. n. Ikoma: (not Siriga). 



4 FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN TANGANYIKA TERRITORY. 

ARUSHA DISTRICT. 

Arusha : town and dist. : (not Aruscha). 

Bwokhota: 165 km. n.w. Arusha: alt. Sonyo: (not Bwochota, Ssonjo, 

Saleh Sonyo). 
Dungobesh : 165 km. s.w. Arusha: (not Dungobesch, Dungobosch 

Mausa's, Maussa's). 
Esimingor : mt., 70 km. w. Arusha: (not Essimingor). 
Eyasi: lake, Arusha Dist: alt. Nyaraza : (not Eyassi, Ejassi, Nyarasa, 

Njarasa). 
Gelai : mt., 105 km. n.w. Arusha : (not Gelei). 
Isara : 140 km. s.w. Arusha : (not Issara, Ishara, Neu-Trier). 
Ketumbaine : mt., 75 km. n.w. Arusha: (not Ketumbeine, Kitumbi). 
Leganga : 15 km. e. Arusha: (not Leudorf). 
Lo-olmalasin : pr. Lo-plmalasin : mt., 100 km. n.w. Arusha : (not 

Loolmalassin, Olmalassin). 
Madukani : 115 km. s.w. Arusha: (not Kdthersheim, Umbugwe). 
Manyara ; lake, 90 km. w. Arusha : alt. Lawa ya Mweri : (not Manjara, 

Lawa-ja-Mweri). 
Mbulu : 140 km. s.w. Arusha : alt. Mburu : (not Umbulu, Burru, Iraku). 
Ollekotisho : pr. Ol-le-kbtisho : 40 km. s.e. Arusha : (not Loikotischo's). 
Saburo : 35 km. s.w. Arusha: (not Ssaburo's). 
Sambu : mt., 160 km. n.w. Arusha : (not Ssambu). 
Yaida : valley, 150-200 km. s.w. Arusha : (not Jaida, Hohenlohe- 

Graben). 

MOSHI DISTRICT. 

Arusha Chini : 35 km. s. Moshi (not Aruscha-Tschini, Unter-Aruscha). 

Kilimanjaro : pr. Kilima-njaro : mt., Moshi Dist. : (not Kilimandscharo). 

Lembeni ; 60 km. s.e. Moshi : (not Lembini). 

Machame : 25 km. N.W. Moshi: (not Majame, Madschame). 

Moshi : town and dist. : (not Moschi). 

Same : 90 km. s.e. Moshi : (not Zame, Ssame). 

Shigatini : 50 km. s.e. Moshi : (not Schigatini). 

Shira : 35 km. n.w. Moshi : (not Schira). 

UJIJI DISTRICT. 

Kalinzi : 35 km. n. Ujiji : (not Nkalinzi, Nkalinsi, Lussimbi's). 

Kasulo : 65 km. n.e. Ujiji : alt. Kasulu : (not Kassulo). 

Kivumba : 115 km. n.e. Ujiji: (not Kiwumba). 

Luasa : 65 km. n.e. Ujiji : (not Luassa, Lwasa's). 

Lugufu : riv. 55 km. E. Ujiji: (not Luguwu). 

Mkigonero : 65 km. s.e. Ujiji : (not Mkigonere, Kigonero, Mtau's). 

Mlagarasi : riv. Ujiji Dist. : (not Mlagarassi). 

Mruvila : 25 km. e. Ujiji: (not Mruwila, Kabcha's). 

Msimbili : 50 km. s.e. Ujiji: (not Mssimbili, Mkuta's). 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN TANGANYIKA TERRITORY. 5 

Nguruka : 155 km. e. Ujiji : (not Nguruku). 

Nyamaliza : 180 km. n.e. Ujiji : (not Nyamalisa's, Njamalisa). 

Nzai : 100 km. n.e. Ujiji: (not Nzei, Xsei). 

Ruchugi: riv. 85 km. e. Ujiji: (not Rutschugi). 

Ruchugi : 85 km. e. of Ujiji : (not Rutschugi Post, Uvinza q.v.). 

Ujiji : town and dist. : (not Udjidji). 

Uvinza: locality, Ujiji Dist. : (not Uwinsa). 

TABORA DISTRICT. 
Bulele : riv., 240 km. n.w. Tabora: alt. Mrere, Mugera : (not Bulere). 
Dembezi : 100 km. n.e. Tabora: (not Dembesi, Usongo q.v.). 
Gombe : riv., Tabora Hist. : alt. [gombe. 
Gombe : 100 km. s.e. Tabora : alt. Ikulu kwa Kanyanka : (not Kanjanka, 

Muhalule's). 
Igalula : 70 km. s. Tabora : (not [garula, Kalula). 
Igoveko : 55 km. s.e. Tabora : (nol Goveko, Goweko). 
Itumba : 120 km. n.w. Tabora : alt. Itumba kwa Mvumbi : (not Tumba- 

kwa-M wumbi, Mwumbi's). 
Iwelelo : 125 km. e. Tabora: (not Iwalero, Ivalero, Ivalaro). 
Iwembere : pr. Iwembere : riv. and steppe, e. Tabora Dist. : (not Wem- 

bere, Wembare, Vembere, Vembaere). 
Iwosya : 120 km. x. Tabora: (not Ivozya, Ivosja, hvosja). 
Izikisia : pr. Izikisia: 40 km. n.e. Tabora : (not Isikisia, Isikisja). 
Izumba : 1S0 km. s.e. Tabora : (not Isumba). 
Kagozi : riv., 170 km. n.w. Tabora: (not Kagosi). 
Kasanga : 170 km. n.w. Tabora: alt. Kasanga kwa Lukambwa: (not 

Kazanga, Kansanga-kwa-Lukambua, Lukambwa's, Lukambua's >. 
Kawazu : 100 km. n.e. Tabora: (not Kavasu's, Kawasu's). 
Kayuwa : 95 km. w. Tabora: (not Kaliuva, Kaliuwa). 
Kilogansha : pr. Kilogansha : 125 km. n.w. Tabora: (not ICirogasia, 

Kirogassia's, Mariental). 

Kinenaguri : pr. Kinenaguri : 150 km. w. Tabora : alt. Kinenaguri kwa 

Mfopola : (not Kinenagure, Mfopola's). 
Luwanga : riv., 150 km. w. Tabora : (not Luanga, Lwanga). 
Luwona : riv., 100 km. s. Tabora : alt. Wulua : (not Luona, Lwona). 
Mabama : 35 km. w. Tabora : (not Mbama). 
Maguzu : no km. n.e. Tabora: (not Magusu's, Magusa). 
Malu : 190 km. n.w. Tabora: alt. Mbalu. 

Manonga : riv., 150 km. n.e. Tabora: (not Manyonga, Manjonga). 
Masanja: 160 km. n.e. Tabora: (not Masanya, Massanja' 
Masanja : 90 km. n.w. Tabora : (not Mazanya). 
Masansa : 140 km. w. Tabora : (not Mzasa, Msassa's, Msasa's). 
Maweta : 125 km. x. Tabora : (not Maveta). 
Mdewerewa : pr. Mdewe'rewa: 150 km. n.w. Tabora: alt. Mdewi 

kwa Mtongolingo : (not Mdewerua, Mdeverwa, Mdewerwa). 
Mgagala : pr. Mgagala : [25 km. w. Tabora: alt. Mgagala kwa Marui : 

(not Ngagara, Mann's, Marwi's). 



6 FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN TANGANYIKA TERRITORY. 

Mikonka : riv., 185 km. n.w. Tabora : alt. Ikunga : (not Mikonga, 

Nikonga). 
Mlela : 100 km. n.w. Tabora: (not Mlera, Mlara). 
Mlimasunzo : 75 km. n. Tabora : (not Mlimassunso). 
Msabila: 125 km. s.e. Tabora: (not Mzabila, Mazbi's). 
Mtambirisho : pr. Mtambirisho : 115 km. n. Tabora: (not Mtam- 

birishia, Mtambirischia's). 
Mtegazi : 200 km. n.e. Tabora: (not Mtegasi's, Kitalala's). 
Mwasimba: 195 km. n.e. Tabora: (not Mwazimba, Muazimba, Mua- 

simba). 
Mwhala : riv., 100 km. e. Tabora : alt. Kwala : (not Mhvala, Mvala, 

Mwala, Mhwala, Wala). 
Nyahua : 85 kin. s.e. Tabora : (not Nyahwa, Njahua). 
Nyomvio : pr. Nydmvio : riv., 140 km. s.e. Tabora: (not Njomwio). 
Nyongola : 115 km. S. Tabora : alt. Isinde : (not Njongola's, Issinde). 
Sagenda : riv., 100 km. n.e. Tabora : alt. Bimbi : (not Zagenda). 
Sakalazya : pr. Sakalazya: 135 km. n.e. Tabora: (not Sagalazya, 

Sagalasja). 
Salawe : 185 km. n. Tabora : alt. Salawe kwa Ngombe : (not Ssalaue, 

Salaue). 
Samalu : 75 km. n.e. Tabora : (not Samalo's). 
Saragata : 105 km. n.w. Tabora : (not Zaragata's). 
Shama : riv., 150 km. s. Tabora: (not Schama). 
Shikara: 100 km. n.e. Tabora: alt. Yawa : (not Scbikara's, Shikare's, 

Jawa, Yaua). 
Shinyanga: 165 km. n.e. Tabora : (not Schinjanga). 
Sikonge : 65 km. s. Tabora : (not Zikonge). 
Simba: 100 km. n.e. Tabora : alt. Tambarale : (not Zimba). 
Solezi : 150 km. s.e. Tabora: alt. Ikulu kwa Solezi : (not Ikulu-kwa- 

Ssolesi, kwa-Solesi). 
Ugunda: 180 km. s.w. Tabora : (not Ukavunda, Ukawunda's). 
Umbulu : 200 km. n.e. Tabora : (not Wumbulu, Vumbulu). 
Unyamwezi : locality, Tabora Dist. : (not Unjamwesi, Unyamvezi). 
Unyanyembe : locality, Tabora Dist. : (not Unjanjembe). 
Usanda : bill, 145 km. n.e. Tabora : (not Ussanda, Ussande). 
Ushirombo : 200 km. n.w. Tabora : (not Uschirombo, Mariahilf). 
Usoke : 50 km. w. Tabora: (not Ussoke). 
Usongo: locality, Tabora Dist. : (not Ussongo). 
Usumbwa : locality, Tabora Dist. : (not Ussumbwa). 
Uyuwi: locality, Tabora Dist. : (not Uyui, Ujui, Uywi). 
Whimo : 155 km. N. Tabora : (not Wimo, Vimo's, St. Michael). 

KONDOA IRANGI DISTRICT. 

Galapo : 70 km. n. Kondoa Irangl : (not Gwanzave, Gwanzawe, Gwan- 

saue, G\van?awe, Ufiome). 
Goima : pr. Gd-ima : 35 km. s.e. Kondoa Irangi : alt. Goima kwa 

Damas : (not Damass, Goi'ma-kwa-Damassi). 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN TANGANYIKA TERRITORY. 7 

Kijungu : 165 km. s.e. Kondoa [rangi : (not Kidjungu, Kidschungu). 
Mambaka : 75 km. s.w. Kondoa Irangi : (not Mtowero, kwa Tovero, 

kwa-Towero, kwa-Towera, kwa Mtowera). 
Masagaloda : 75 km. n.w. Kondoa Irangi : (not Masogoloda, Massaga- 

loda, Massogoloda, Marurabi's). 
Murgusya : pr. Murgrisya : So km. s.e. Kondoa Irangi : (not Murgusia, 

kwa-Murgussia). 
Sekenke : 210 km. n.w. Kondoa Irangi : (not Zckenke, Ssekenke). 
Usandawi : locality, Kondoa Irangi Dist. : (not Ussandaui). 
Usure : 180 km. w. Kondoa Irangi : (not Ussure). 



DODOMA DISTRICT. 

Bahi : 60 km. n.w. Dodoma: (not Ibahi, Mbahi). 

Bangajega : 35 km. n.w. Kilimatinde : (not Bangayega, Bangadjega, 

Bagajeda). 
Chaya : lake, 105 km. w. Kilimatinde: (not Tschaja, Kyaya, Tshaya). 
Dodoma : pr. Dodoma : town and dist. : properly Idodoma. 
Gulwe : mt., 80 km. e. Dodoma : prop. Igulwe : (not Gulue). 
Ibwijili: pr. Ibwfjili : 35 km. e. Dodoma: (not Buigiri, Bugiri). 
Ihumwa : 15 1cm. e. Dodoma: (not Humva, Ihumva). 
Isawa : 120 km. s.w. Kilimatinde : (not Zaba, Saba). 
Iseke : pr. loc. Iseche : locality, 85 km. s.w. Dodoma : (not Useke, Usseke). 
Isusu : 130 km. s.w. Dodoma : alt. Isusu kwa Kagoa : (not Zusu, Sussu). 
Itiso : 65 km. N.E. Dodoma : alt. Itiso kwa Meda : (not Tissu-kwa-Meda, 

Tisu, Tisso, Meda). 
Iyumbu : riv., 75 km. n.w. Kilimatinde : (not Iwumbu, Iwumba, Ivamba, 

Ivumbu, Iwamba, Vumbu). 
Kazikazi : 85 km. w. Kilimatinde : (not Kasikasi). 
Kigwe : pr. loc. Chi-: 35 km. N.w. Dodoma: alt. Nganda. 
Kinyasungwe : pr. loc. Chi-: riv., 50 km. e. Dodoma: (not Kinya 

zungwi, Kinjassungwe, Djinasungwi). 
Kipanga: pr. loc. Chf-: 45 km. w. Dodoma: (not Kipanda, Ngogolo's). 
Kipumbu : pr. loc Chi'-: 115 km. n. Kilimatinde: alt. Mgori : (not 

Magori). 
Kisokwe : pr. loc Chi-: 75 km. S.E. Dodoma: (not Ki/okwc, Kissokwe). 
Kitunda : pr. loc Chi'-: 225 km. s.w. Kilimatinde: all. Itunda. 
Kitunda : pr. loc. Chi-: 20 km. n. Dodoma: alt. Kitunda kwa Meda: 

(not Meda). 
Kizigo : riv., 100 km. s. Dodoma: (not Kisigo). 
Kongwa : 70 km. e. Dodoma: (not Kongoa). 

Kulewelwa: 35 km. s.w. Kilimatinde: (not Kulcveroa's, KuUweroa' o. 
Makasumbi : riv., 120 km. s.w. Dodoma: (not Makassumbi). 
Mandama : riv., 80 km. s. Dodoma : alt. Dungomaro. 
Manyoni : 20 km. n.w. Kilimatinde: (not Manjoni). 
Mkwaya: 85 km. w. Dodoma : (not Mkwaiya, Mkweija's, Usel 
Mlazo : 95 km. s. 1 >odoma : (nol Ml 



8 FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN TANGANYIKA TERRITORY. 

Mpwanila: 105 km. s.e. Dodoma : alt. Mpwanila kwa Zagoi : (not 

Mpanira-kwa-Sagoi). 
Mpwapwa : 85 km. s.e. Dodoma : (not Mpapwa, Mpapua). 
Msagali : 65 km. s.e. Dodoma : (not Mzagali). 
Msawira : pr. Msawira : 220 km. s.w. Kilimatinde : alt. Ikulu kwa 

Msawira, Kwikuru kwa Msawira : (not Mtzavira, Mtsawira, Kwi 

Kuru). 
Muhezi : riv., 65 km. s.w. Kilimatinde : (not Muhesi, Muhessi). 
Musa : 180 km. s.w. Kilimatinde : (not Mussa). 
Mvumi : 30 km. s.e. ])odoma: (not Mwumi, Wumi, Vumi). 
Myombe : riv., no km. s. Dodoma: alt. Mzombe : (not Mjombe, 

Msombe). 
Nguruwala : 135 km. s.w. Kilimatinde: alt. Ikulu kwa Nguruwala, 

Kiromo, Kwikuru kwa Kiromo : (not Nguruvala, Kwi Kuru). 
Njogi : 120 km. e. Dodoma: (not Nyogi, Ndjogi, Ndschogi). 
Nyangalo : 45 km. e. 1 )odoma : (not kwa-Nyangallo, Njangalo). 
Nzinge : i 5 km. n.w. I )odoma : sometimes pr. Nzinje : (not Zinge, Singe). 
Saranda : 15 km. n. Kilimatinde: (not Zaranda). 
Singida : 120 km. n. Kilimatinde: (not Ssingida, Singidda). 
Suna : 55 km. n.w. Kilimatinde : alt. Tandu : (not Ssuna). 
Uyanzi : locality, Dodoma Dist.: (not Uyansi, Ujansi). 
Wamba: 85 km. w. Kilimatinde: alt. Ikulu ya Wamba, Ikuru kwa 

Wamba, Kasuwi : (not ja Wamba, Kassuwi). 



USAMBARA DISTRICT 
(formerly Wilhelmstal District). 

Bwiko : 30 km. n.w. Lushoto : (not Buiko). 

Gare : 5 km. e. Lushoto : alt. Gale : (not Neu-K61n). 

Gonja : 65 km. n.w. Lushoto : (not Gonya). 

Kihurio : 45 km. n.w. Lushoto : alt. Kihulio : (not Kihuiro, Kihwiro). 

Kisiwani : 80 km. n.w. Lushoto : (not Kizwani, Kisuani, Kiswani). 

Kitivo : 30 km. n.e. Lushoto: (not Kitiwo). 

Korogwe: pr. Ko-ro-gwe : 45 km. s.e. Lusboto : conv. for Nkologwe. 

Kwai : 10 km. n.e. Lushoto: (not Kwei). 

Lushoto : town : (not Wilhelmstal). 

Makanya : 70 km. n.w. Lushoto : (not Makanja, Makandja). 

Makuyuni : 25 km. s. Lushoto : (not Makujuni, Makunjuni, Makunyuni). 

Mambo: 55 km. n.w. Lushoto: (not Friedenstal). 

Mazinde : 10 km. w. Lushoto : (not Masinde). 

Mkalamo : 30 km. s.w. Lushoto : (not Mkaramo). 

Mkomazi : 30 km. n.w. Lushoto : (not Mkomasi). 

Mlalo : 25 km. n.e. Lushoto: (not Hohenfriedeberg). 

Mtai: pr. Mta-i : 35 km. n. Lushoto : (not Neu-Bethel, New Bethel). 

Shume : 15 km. n.w. Lushoto: (not Neu-, New Hornow). 

Usambara : dist. : conv. for Ushambala. 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IX TANGANYIKA TERRITORY. 9 

Vudei : pr. Vude-i: 85 km. n.w. Lushoto: alt. Vudei kw;i Makore : 

(not Vudai, Wudei, Wudee, Vude). 
Vugha : 15 km. s.e. Lushoto : (not Vuga, Wuga). 
Vugiri: 35 km. s.E. Lushoto: (not H'ugiri). 

TANGA DISTRICT. 

Bwembwela : 45 km. vv. Tanga: (not Bombuera, Bombwcra). 
Bwiti : 45 km. n.w. Tanga: (not Buiti). 

Jasin : 45 km. n. Tanga : alt. Jasini, Yasin : (not Jassin, Wasin). 

Kihuhwi : 50 km. w. Tanga: (not Kihuhui). 

Manza : 25 km. n. Tanga: (not Mansa). 

Misozwe : 35 km. w. Tanga: (not Misoswe, Missosswe). 

Mkuzi : 35 km. s.w. Tanga: (not Mkusi, Mkussi). 

Mnyuzi : 60 km. w. Tanga : (not Nyusi, Njussi). 

Moa : 35 km. n. Tanga : alt. Mwoa. 

Msimbazi : riv., 10 km. n. Tanga: (not Msimbasi, Msembasi). 

Mtangata : 20 km. s. Tanga: (not Tangata). 

Muheza: 35 km. w. Tanga: (not Muhesa). 

Zigi : 50 km. w. Tanga : (not Sigi, Ssigi). 

PANGANI DISTRICT. 

Kiseru : riv., 170 km. w. Pangani : (not Kisseru). 
Magamba : 100 km. w. Pangani : (not Sonyo, Ssonyo's, Ssonjo's). 
Mahazi : 150 km. s.w. Pangani : alt. Mahazi kwa Ngage : (not Mahasi). 
Mjonga: riv., 150 km. w. Pangani : (not Mdjonga, Mdschonga). 
Mkuzi Katani : 10 km. n. Pangani : (not Mkutsikatani). 
Mkwaja : 45 km. s.e. Pangani: (not Mkvvadya, Mkwadja). 
Mlele : 90 km. w. Pangani : alt. Mrcre : (not Mlere, Kwamlere). 
Mligazi : riv., 65 km. s.w. Pangani: alt. Mrigazi : (not Mligasi). 
Msangazi : riv., 25 km. s.w. Pangani: (not Msangasi, Mssangassi). 
Msiha : riv., 135 km. s.w. Pangani: (not Mziha, Mssiha). 
Mundo : 5 km. n. Pangani : (not Bushirihof, Buschirihof). 
Ruvu (Pangani): riv., Pangani List.: (not Ruwu, Rufu). 
Sindeni : 85 km. w. Pangani : (not Zindeni). 

BAGAMOYO DISTRICT. 

Bagamoyo : town and dist. : (not Bagamojo). 

Changohera : 25 km. s.e. Bagamoyo: (not Changohara, rschangohara, 

Tshangohaera). 
Kisuka: 85 km. s.w. Bagamoyo: (not Kissuka). 
Lusako : 30 km. w. Bagamoyo: ait. Rosako: (not Lussako, Rossako). 
Mbwawa : 25 km. s.w. Bagamoyo: (not Bwawa, Bwaua). 
Mkombezi : riv., 25 km. s.w. Bagamoyo: (not Mkombesi, ECombesi, 

( Irombesi ). 



io FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN TANGANYIKA TERRITORY. 

Msente : 120 km. n.w. Bagamoyo : (not Mssente). 

Porokanya : riv., 40 km. n.w. Bagamoyo: (not Porokanja, Purahanya). 
Ruvu (Kingani) : riv., Bagamoyo Dist. : (not Ruwu). 
Sa'dani : 45 km. n. Bagamoyo; Ar. JlJ*- : (not Saadani, Zadani, 
Ssaadani). 

Uzigula : locality, Bagamoyo Dist.: alt. Usiguha : (not Uzigua, Usigua, 

Uzcguha, Uzegula). 
Windi : 20 km. n. Bagamoyo : (not VVinde). 

MOROGORO DISTRICT. 

Dakawa : 45 km. n. Morogoro : (not Dakava, Derkawa). 

Gairo : pr. Ga-iro: no km. n.w. Morogoro: (not Geiro). 

Kilosa : pr. Kilo-sa : 80 km. w. Morogoro : (not Kilossa). 

Kisaki : 75 km. s. Morogoro : (not Kissaki). 

Kisemo : 60 km. e. Morogoro : (not Kissemo). 

Kiviza : 40 km. n.e. Morogoro: alt. Ngole : (not kwa Kivi/.i, kwa 

Kivisi, kwa-Kiwisa). 
Kutu : locality, Morogoro Dist. : alt. K'hutu : (not Khutu). 
Mamboya : 85 km. n.w. Morogoro : (not Mamboja). 
Mbwiga: 85 km. s.w. Morogoro: alt. Mbwiga kwa Mgalawe : (not 

Mbuiga-kwa-Magalaue). 
Mikese: 25 km. e. Morogoro: (not Mikesse). 
Mkata : 40 km. w. Morogoro : (not Mkatta). 
Morogoro : town and dist. : prop. Murogoro : (not Mrogoro). 
Msagara : 90 km. w. Morogoro: alt. Mwinyisagara : (not Mzagara, 

kwa-Mwini-Ssagara). 
Myombo : 75 km. w. Morogoro : (not Mjombo). 

Tununguo : pr. Tununguo : 35 km. s.e. Morogoro : (not Tunungwo). 
Usagara : locality, Morogoro Dist. : (not Ussagara). 

DAR ES SALAAM DISTRICT. 

Dar es Salaam : town and dist. : conv. for Ar. +\J\ J^ = Dar es 

Salam : (not Daressalam). 
Kifumangao : 75 km. s. Dar es Salaam : (not Kivmangao, Kiwmangao). 
Kimbiji : 35 km. s.e. Dar es Salaam : (not Kimbidji, Kimbidyi). 
Kisangire : 90 km. s.w. Dar es Salaam : (not Kissangire). 
Kisegese : 90 km. s.w. Dar es Salaam : (not Kissegesse). 
Kiserawe : 25 km. w. Dar es Salaam: (not Kisserawe). 
Kisiju : 65 km. s. Dar es Salaam: (not Kissiju, Kissidju, Kissidyu). 
Konduchi : 20 km. n.w. Dar es Salaam : (not Kondutschi, Kondutshi) 
Mafisi : 75 km. w. Dares Salaam: (not Mafizi). 
Malusembe : 50 km. s.w. Dar es Salaam : (not MLalussembe). 
Mbweni : 35 km. n.w. Dar es Salaam : (not Bueni). 
Mpiji : 35 km. w. Dar es Salaam : (not Mpiyi). 
Mzinga : riv., Dar es Salaam Dist. : (not Msinga). 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES in TANGANYIKA TERRITORY. n 

Shungu Bweni : 40 km. s.e. Dar es Salaam: (not Shungu-Bueni, 
Schungu-Bweni ). 

Uchembe : S5 km. s.w. Dar es Salaam : (not Utschembe, Utshembe). 
Uzaramo : locality, Dar es Salaam Dist. : (not Usaramo). 

RUFIJI DISTRICT. 
Chole : isld. Rufiji Dist. : (not Tschole, Tshole). 
Juani : isld. Rufiji Dist. : (not Djuani, Dschuani). 
Kiasi : 75 km. e. Utete : (not Kiassi, Kyasi). 
Kibambawe : So km. x.w. Utete: alt. Kibambawe kwa Kungulio: (not 

Kungulio). 
Kichi : locality, Rufiji Dist. : (not Kisi, Kissi, Kitschi, Kitshi). 
Lugonya : riv., 20 km. s.w. Utete: (not Lungonya, Lungonja). 
Mafia: pr. Mafia: isld., Rufiji Dist.: alt. Chole Shamba : (not Tschole- 

Schamba, Tshole-Shamba). 
Mkalinzo : 95 km. w. Utete: (not kwa Mkalinzo, kwa-Mkalinso). 
Msindaji : 70 km. n.e. Utete : (not Mssindadji, Mssindadyi). 
Mtanza : 40 km. n.w. Utete : (not Mtansa). 
Nyamseti: 35 km. s.e. Utete: (not Nanshete, Nanshctte). 
Nyaringwe : 10 km. n.e. Utete: (not Nyalingwa, Njalingwa). 
Rufiji: riv. and dist. : (not Rufiyi). 
Salale : 65 km. n.e. Utete : (not Zalale, Ssalale). 
Samanga : 70 km. s.e. Utete: (not Ssamanga). 
Simba Uranga : 70 km. n.e. Utete : (not Ssimba-Uranga). 
Utunge : 40 km. w. Utete : (not Utungi, Utenge). 

UFIPA DISTRICT 
(formerly Bismarckburg District). 
Galula : 240 km. n.e. Kasanga: alt. Salaupina : (not Ssalaupina). 
Izembe : 200 km. n.e. Kasanga: (not Isembe). 
Izimbiri : 250 km. x. Kasanga : (not Isimbiri). 
Kabuyenze : 290 km. n.w. Kasanga: (not Kabujansi/s). 
Kafishia : pr. Kafishia: 210 km. x.w. Kasanga: alt. Kafishia kwa 

Mkayala: (not Kafischia-kwa-Mkajala, Mkajala's). 
Kafunya : riv., 135 km. N.w. Kasanga: (not Kafunja). 
Kasanga: town : (not Bismarckburg). 

Kibwesa : 265 km. n.w. Kasanga: (not Kibwe/i, Kibwesi). 
Kirasa : [40 km. N.E. Kasanga : (not Kiraza's). 
Kungue : pr. Kungri-e : mt, cape, and bay, 300 km. n.w. Kasanga : (not 

Kungwe). 
Luegere : riv., 300 km. x.w. Kasanga: (not Lwcgerc). 
Maguza : 275 km. n.e. Kasanga : (not Magusa, Magussa). 
Mbueni : 275 km. n.e. Kasanga: (not Mbweni's, Bueni). 
Mdabulo : 275 km. N.E. Kasanga: alt. Mtitimia: (not Minlabulo, 

Mdidimia). 
Mivozia : pr. Mivdzia: 375 km. n.w. Kasanga: (not Miwosia, Maschua's, 

Ma s w a 



12 FIRST LIST OF NAMES IX TANGANYIKA TERRITORY. 

Mkasa: 275 km. n.w. Kasanga: (not Mkassa's). 

Momba : iiv., 130 km. e. Kasanga: alt. Saisi : (not Ssaissi). 

Mpimbwe : 140 km. n. Kasanga: (not Mpimbue). 

Mpimbwe : cape, 165 km. n.w. Kasanga: (not Mpimbue). 

Msadia : riv., 150 km. n. Kasanga: (not Mzadia). 

Msaginya : riv., 200 km. n. Kasanga : (not Mzagina, Msagina). 

Msamba: 85 km. n.w. Kasanga: (not Mzamba's). 

Msia : 105 km. n.e. Kasanga: alt. Nzyuka : (not Msjia, Mssjia, Mzyia, 

Nsyuka's). 
Msima : riv., 250 km. n. Kasanga: (not Mssima). 
Mulitete 1310 km. n.w. Kasanga: alt. Mulitete kwa Kavirola, Kakungu : 

(not Kavirola, Kawirola's). 
Mwipa : riv., 225 km. n.e. Kasanga : (not Muipa). 
Mwise : riv., 235 km. n.e. Kasanga: (not Muisse). 
Mzengusi : riv., 210 km. n.w. Kasanga: (not Msengussi). 
Ngalu : 145 km. n.e. Kasanga : (not Ngeru, Ngaru's). 
Nyamanzi : riv., 300 km. n. Kasanga: (not Nyamansi, Niamanzi). 
Nyanya : 245 km. e. Kasanga : (not Njanja). 
Nzyuba : 250 km. n.w. Kasanga : (not Nsyuba, Nsjuba's). 
Pamzanga : 170 km. n.e. Kasanga : (not Pamsanga). 
Safu : riv., 30 km. s.e. Kasanga : alt. Samfu, Luntua : (not Ssafu, Sumfu). 
Sakalilo : 100 km. n.e. Kasanga : (not Zakalilo, Ssakalilo). 
Sepa : 155 km. n. Kasanga : (not Ssepa). 
Sera: 195 km. n.w. Kasanga: (not Ssera). 
Simba : 105 km. n.e. Kasanga : (not Zimba). 
Slimbawanga : 80 km. n.e. Kasanga : alt. Kapufi : (not Zumbawanga, 

Zumbavanga). 
Sumbwanga : 130 km. e. Kasanga : (not Zumbwanga). 
Ulindwa : 310 km. n.w. Kasanga: alt. Tetezi : (not kwa-Tetesi, kwa- 

Tetasi). 
Uluila : 230 km. n. Kasanga : (not Ukayala, Ukajala). 
Uwende : locality, Kasanga Dist. : (not Ukawende, Ukavende). 
Vombwe : 185 km. n.e. Kasanga: (not Wombwe's). 
Vuku : riv., 150 km. n.e. Kasanga : (not Wuku). 

RUNGWE DISTRICT 
(formerly Langenburg District). 

Galula : too km. n.w. Tukuyu : alt. Igalula : (not St. Moritz). 

Ileje : SS km. S.w. Tukuyu : (not Iledje, Iladje). 

Isoko : 30 km. s.w. Tukuyu : (not Izoko). 

Itaka : 100 km. n.w. Tukuyu : (not Ithaka). 

Itete : 25 km. s.e. Tukuyu: (not Neu-, New Wangemannshohe). 

Iwungu : 125 km. n.w. Tukuyu: (not Ivungu). 

Iyunga : 80 km. n.w. Tukuyu : (not Yunga, Junga). 

Kiwira : riv., 25 km. s. Tukuyu: (not Kivir.i, Kivara). 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IX TANGANYIKA TERRITORY. 13 

Kyimbila : 5 km. s.E. Tukuyu : (not Kiyimbila, Kijimbila, Kjimbila). 

Lumbira : 70 km. s.e. Tukuyu : (not Rumbira, Alt-, Old Langenburg). 

Magoje : 50 km. n.e. Tukuyu: (not Magoye). 

Masoko : 15 km. s.e. Tukuyu : (not Massoko, Masoka). 

Mbozi : 85 km. n.w. Tukuyu : (not Mbosi). 

Mkulwe : 165 km. n.w. Tukuyu : (not Mkurue, Itava. Itawa, St. Bonifaz 

St. Boniface). 
Mwakaleli : 25 km. n.e. Tukuyu: (not Muakaleli, Mwakareri). 
Mwasukulu : 20 km. s.e. Tukuyu : (not Masukulu, Nsuguru, Mschamba, 

.Msamba's). 
Mwaya : 50 km. s.e. Tukuyu: (not Mvaya, Mwaja, Muaja); 
Ruiwa : 55 km. n. Tukuyu: (not Ruiva, Rwiva). 
Songwe : riv., 100 km. N.W. Tukuyu: (not Ssongwe). 
Songwe : 60 km. s.e. Tukuyu : (not Ssongwe). 
Tukuyu : town : (not Ntukuju, Xtukuyu, Neu-Langenburg, New 

Langenburg). 
Lilongwe: 45 km. e. Tukuyu : (not Eulongwa). 
Unyiha : locality, Tukuyu Dist. : (not Unyika, Unjika, Unika). 
Wungu: locality, Tukuyu Dist. : (not Vungu). 

IRINGA DISTRICT. 

Igalawa : 160 km. s.w. Iringa: (not Galawa, Galiwa). 
Igawiro : 145 km. s.w. Iringa : (not Gaviro, Gawiro). 
Igominyi : 65 km. s.w. Iringa : (not Gominyi, Ngorninyi, Ngominji, 

Ngominye). 
Isambwa : 215 km. w. Iringa: (not Izambwa's). 
Isuka : 30 km. s. [ringa : (not Suka, Ssuka). 
Kalenga : 10 km. w. Iringa : (not Old Iringa, Alt-lringa). 
Kipembawe : 245 km. w. Iringa: alt. Nkulu : (not Kipembabw< 1. 
Kiwere : 155 km. s.w. Iringa : (not Kivere). 
Lukose : riv., 70 km. N.E. Iringa : (not Lukosse). 
Masimba : 230km. W. Iringa: (not Ma/imba, Massimba). 
Mkoji : riv., 175 km. s.w. Iringa : (not Mkodji, Mkodje). 
Mlewa : 150 kin. w. tringa : (not Mleva's, kwa Mlewa). 
Mlewera : 55 km. n. Iringa : (not Mlevera). 
Mpwasa : 125 km. n.w. Iringa: (not Mpuassa, kwa Mpwa 
Mzombe : [85 km. s.w. Iringa: alt. Ngozingozi : (nol N 

na }. 
Ruaha : riv., [ringa Dist.: (not Rwaha). 
Serebu : mt., 70 km. n.e. Iringa : (not Zerebu). 
Soliwaya : 160 km. s.w. [ringa: (not Solowayo, Solowajo, Zolovayo). 
Tosamaganga : 1$ km. s.w. [ringa: (not Tossamaganga). 
Udzungwa : ran//;, [ringa Dist: (not Uchungwe, Utschui 

ingwe l tzungwa). 
Uhanyana : 155 km. s.w. [ringa: (not Neu Mufindi, Emmab 1 
Usangu : locality, [ringa Dist.: (not Ussangu). 



14 FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN TANGANYIKA TERRITORY. 

MAHENGE DISTRICT. 

Furua : pr. Furiia: riv., 60 km. s.w. Mahenge : (not Furwa, Fulua). 

Kihanzi : riv., 60 km. n.w. Mahenge : (not Kihansi). 

Luwegu : riv., Mahenge Dist. : (not Luvegu). 

Manani : 60 km. n.e. Mahenge: alt. Ngahoma. 

Mnyera : riv., no km. w. Mahenge ; (not Mnjera). 

Msima : 105 km. s.w. Mahenge : (not Mtzima, Mtsima). 

Mtende : 70 km. e. Mahenge : alt. Mtende kwa Mpinda . (not 

Ntende, Mpinda). 
Nyama: riv., 150 km. s.w. Mahenge : (not Njama). 
Ruhuje : riv., Mahenge Dist. : (not Ruhudje). 

SONGEA DISTRICT. 

Bagaya : 85 n.e. Songea : (not Bagaja's). 

Chetevaka : 125 km. n.w. Songea : (not Chetewaka, Tschetewaka). 

ChivongO : 100 km. s.w. Songea : (not Tschiwongo). 

Gwasai : 75 km. n.e. Songea: (not Gwassei, Guassai). 

Kawunguya : 130 km. n. Songea: (not Kawanguya, Kawunguja). 

Kigonzera: 65 km. w. Songea : (not Kigonsera). 

Lihowera : mt., 105 km. e. Songea: (not Lihovera, Lihowara). 

Limest : 70 km. n.w. Songea: (not Limessi). 

Lukimwa : riv., 70 km. s.e. Songea : (not Lukimva). 

Lumecha : riv., 25 km. n. Songea : (not Lumesi, Lumessi). 

Manda : 120 km. w. Songea : (not Ilela, Wiedhafen, Wiedhaven). 

Mangua : pr. Mangua : 20 km. w. Songea : (not Mangwa). 

Mbegera : 150 km. N.w. Songea: (not Kihawa, Kihava, Mbejera's). 

Mlongozi: riv., 40 km. s. Songea: (not Mlongosi). 

Mzamara : 5 km. n.w. Songea : (not Msamara). 

Mzangezi : riv., 125 km. s.e. Songea: (not Msangasi, Msangesi, 

Msengesi). 
Njuga : riv., 25 km. e. Songea : (not Nyuga). 
Nyamtumbo : 50 km. n.e. Songea : (not Njamtumbo's). 
Pangire : 160 km. n.w. Songea : (not Jacobi, Yakabi). 
Sanangula : 20 km. n.e. Songea : (not Zamanguli, Zanangula's, 

Samangulia). 
Songea : pr. Songe'a : town and dist. : (not Ssongea). 
Usangila: pr. Usangila : 75 km. N.w. Songea : (not Usangire, Ussangire). 

KILWA DISTRICT. 

Ananganje : 100 km. s.w. Kilwa : (not Ananganye's). 

Kihenje : 55 km. s.w. Kilwa: (not Kihendye, Kihendje). 

Kilwa: town and dist.: alt. Kilwa Kivinje : (not Kilwa-Kiwindje, 

Kilwa-Kiwindsche). 
Kilwa Kisiwani : 25 km. S.e. Kilwa: (not Kilwa-Kissiwani, Kilwa 

Kissivani). 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN TANGANYIKA TERRITORY. 15 

Kiwatama : 35 km. s. Kilwa : (not Kivatama). 

Liwale : 200 km. s.w. Kilwa: (not Livale). 

Madaba : 180 km. w. Kilwa : alt. Madaba kwa Kapolo : (not kwa- 

Kapolo). 
Mavuji : riv., 30 km. s. Kilwa: (not Mavudvi. Mawudji, Mawudschi). 
Mbarikiwa : 185 km. s.w. Kilwa: (not Barikiwa, Barikiva). 
Mchemera : 65 km. w. Kilwa : (not Chemera, Tshemera). 
Mkondaji : 45 km. s. Kilwa: (not Mkondaje, Mkondadye, Mkondadje, 

Mkondadsche). 
Mnembwe : riv., 190 km. s.w. Kilwa: (not Nembue, Nembwe). 
Mtumbei : pr. Mtumbe-i : riv., 55 km. w. Kilwa : (not Mtumbai). 
Muhinje : 150 km. w. Kilwa: (not Muhinye). 
Nambanje : 90 km. w. Kilwa : (not Nambaniye, Nambanye). 
Nanguwe : 120 km. \v. Kilwa: (not Nyanguve, Nyanguwe, Nonguwe). 
Njenje : riv., 230 km. s.w. Kilwa : (not Nyenye). 
Njinjo : 60 km. w. Kilwa : (not Nyinyo, Jingo). 
Ruhuhu : 220 km. s.w. Kilwa: (not Rubuvu, Ruhuwu). 
Ruhuhu : riv., 220 km. s.w. Kilwa : alt. Luhuhu : (not Ruhuwu, 

Ruhuvu). 
Shuguli : falls, 220 km. w. Kilwa: (not Schuguli). 

SongO Mnara : isld., 40 km. s.e. Kilwa : (not Songa, Ssonga-Manara). 
SongO SongO : isld., 25 km. n.e. Kilwa : (not Songa Songa, Ssongo- 

Ssongo). 
Zinga : riv., 65 km. s.w. Kilwa : (not Singa). 



LINDI DISTRICT. 

Chitama : riv., 85 km. s. Lindi : (not Kitama). 

Chiwata : 100 km. s.w. Lindi : (not Chivata, Tschiwata, Tshiwada). 

Kongowele : mt., 190 km. s.w. Lindi: (not Kongovere, Kongowere, 

Kongowero). 
Lumesule : riv., 200 km s.w. Lindi : (not Limasulc, Limassule). 
Luwingu : riv., 310 km. s.w. Lindi : (not Luwingo, Luvingo). 
Machemba : 195 km. s.w. Lindi : (not Matschemba's, Matshemba). 
Mahiwa : 65 km. s.w. Lindi: (not Mahiv.i). 

Majeja : locality, s. Lindi Dist. : (not Majeje, Madjedje, Madschedsche). 
Makomo : 300 km. S.W. Lindi: alt. Luwira, Kirimira : (not Luvira). 
Masasi : 125 km. s.w. Lindi: (not Massassi). 
Mbuo : pr. Mbiio: riv., 45 km. S.E. Lindi : (not Mbwo). 
Mchinga : 30 km. n. Lindi : (not Mtschinga, Mtshinga). 
Mchinjili : 60 km. w. Lindi : (not Mchinyiri, Mtsrhinjiri, Mtshinyiri). 
Miesi : riv., 130 km. s.w. Lindi: alt. Miedi : (not Miessi, Miesse). 
Mnasi : 80 km. s.e. Lindi : (not Mnazi). 
Msinijewe : riv., 250 km. s.w. Lindi : (not Msinyave, Msiniava, Mzinieva, 

Msiniawe, Msindschewe). 
Mtetesi : 240 km. s.w. Lindi : (not Mtetessi). 



16 FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN TANGANYIKA TERRITORY. 

Muhuwesi : riv., 240 km. s.w. Lindi: alt. Muwesi: (not Mohesi, 

Mohezi, Muhuvesi). 
Mwera : plateau, 30 km. w. Lindi : (not Muera). 
Mwiti : no km. s.w. Lindi : (not Mviti). 
Naitiwi : 20 km. \v. Lindi : (not Naitivi, Xeitivi, Neitiwi). 
Newala : 125 km. s.w. Lindi : (not Nevala). 
Nyangao : 60 km. s.w. Lindi : (not Njangao). 
Ruawa : 30 km. N. Lindi : (not Ruava). 

Ruvuma : riv., Lindi Dist. : alt. Luvuma : (not Rovuma, Rowuma). 
Sasawara: 350 km. s.w. Lindi : (not Sasavara, Ssassawara). 
Sudi : 30 km. s.e. Lindi : (not Zudi, Ssudi). 
Tunduru : 285 km. s.w. Lindi : alt. Tunduru ya Mwisho : (not Tunduru- 

ja-Mwischo, Tunduru ya Mvisho). 



LIST OF PUBLICATIONS 

for the Permanent Committee on Geographical Names by the 
Royal Geographical Society, Kensington Gore, London, S.W. 7. 

Price Sixpence Each. 
FIRST GENERAL LIST OF EUROPEAN NAMES. Corrected, July, 1921. 
SECOND GENERAL LIST OF EUROPEAN NAMES. 
FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA (BOHEMIA ONLY). 

FIRST GENERAL LIST OF ASIATIC NAMES. Corrected, March, 1925. 

SECOND GENERAL LIST OF ASIATIC NAMES. 

FIRST GENERAL LIST OF NAMES IN THE EMPIRE OF INDIA. 

FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN 'IRAQ (MESOPOTAMIA). 

FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN PALESTINE. 

FIRST GENERAL LIST OF AFRICAN NAMES. Corrected, January, 1926. 
FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN TANGANYIKA TERRITORY. Corrected, 

January, 1926. 
FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN GOLD COAST AND BRITISH TOGO. 
FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN ABYSSINIA. 

FIRST GENERAL LIST OF OCEANIC NAMES (FOREIGN DEPEN- 
DENCIES). 

SECOND AND THIRD GENERAL LISTS OF OCEANIC NAMES 
(AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND DEPENDENCIES). 

FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN FIJI. 



RINTED BY WILLI CLOW] ED, 

m K v. STREl [FORD STREET, S.K.I, AND GREAT WIN) 



ASIATIC 



General List 1-2 



India 

Iraq 

Palestine 



PERMANENT COMMITTEE ON GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES 
FOR BRITISH OFFICIAL USE. 



FIRST GENERAL LIST OF ASIATIC 
NAMES. 



Published for the Permanent Committee on Geographical Names by the 
Royal Geographical Society, Kensington Gore, London, S.W.I. 

July, 1921. Corrected. March, 1925. 

Price Sixpence. 



ABBREVIATIONS, Etc. 

Ar Arabic. Jap Japanese. 

Arm Armenian. Lat Latin. 

Bulg Bulgarian. lat latitude. 

Chin Chinese. mt mountain. 

coJoq colloquially. N.T New Testament. 

conv conventional. off official. 

dist district. O.T Old Testament. 

Fed Federated. pen peninsula. 

form formerly. Pers Persian. 

Fr French. ! Port Portuguese. 

Geor Georgian. pr pronounced. 

Ger German. prop properly. 

Gr Greek. riv river. 

Heb Hebrew. Russ Russian. 

isld island. Sp Spanish. 

Ital Italian. Turk Turkish. 

Chinese characters are printed from left to right. The spelling of Chinese names 
is according to the Postal Guide, whose system is not always consistent. Wade 
signifies transliteration according to the system of Sir Thomas Wade. 

The mark - shown over some of the long vowels in Arabic and Persian is 
optional, and in Japanese is desirable ; but tbe inverted comma ' representing the 
Arabic letter c is essential. The apostrophe ' indicates a liquid sound. 

The pronunciations are in accordance with the R.G.S. II. System, for which 
see Geog. Jour., Jan. 1921, Vol. LVII, pp. 40-43; or an explanatory leaflet can be 
had on application to the Secretary, P.C.G.N., Royal Geographical Society. 

The acute accent ' indicates the stress, a, e, u = the neutral vowel as in marine, 
often, difficult. 

Abadan : isld., Shatt al 'Arab, Persia : Pers. J\s\A : Ar. JJ& \&t = 

Jazlrat al Kliidhr ; (not 'Abbadan). 
Achin : pr. Achin : dist. Sumatra : conv. for Malay i^\ = Acheh ; 

Dutch Atjeh ; (not Acheen). 
Adana : pr. Addna : Turkey, Asia Minor ; Turk. aJo! ; Gr. "ASuva. 
Afiun Qarahisar : Turkey, Asia Minor ; Turk.^laa.^9 a ^\ or c-^U^Laa-s^ 

= Qarahisar Sahib ; (not Afium Karahisar, Afiun Karahissar, Kara 

Hissar Sahib). 
Aleppo: Syria; conv. (Ital.) for Ar. »_JL> = Haleb ; Gr. XaAeViov = 

Khalepion ; Fr. Alep. 
Alexandretta : Syria; conv. for Turk. UJJ xS~.\ = Iskenderun ; Pr. 

Alexandrette ; Ital. Alessandretta ; (not Iskanderun, Iskenderoun). 



2 FIRST GENERAL LIST OP ASIATIC NAMES. 

Amanus : mts., Syria; conv. (Lat.) for Turk, ell, LJ1 = Alma Dagh, or 

elk jjo = Gavur, pr. Gyavur (conv. Giaour) Dagh. 
Amoy : China ; conv. for Chin. |g f*\ = Siamen (Wade, Hsia-men). 
Angora : pr. Angora : Turkey, Asia Minor ; conv. for Turk. tjiS\ = 

Anqora ; Gr. "AyKvpa = Ankyra, pr. Angkira ; (not Enguri). 
Antioch : Syria ; conv. for Ar. iifllsil = Antaklya ; Fr. Antioche ; Gr. 

'AvTtox^t-a = Antiokheia ; Lat. and Ger. Antiochia ; (not Antakieh). 
'Aqaba : pr. Aqaba : Arabia j Ar. iJic, prop. Lis) I i*lii = Qal'at el 

Aqaba ; (not Akaba, 'Aqabah). 
Ararat : mt., Armenia ; conv. (and Russ. ApapaTt) for Arm. \r-""/>« = 

Masis; Turk. cUo ^JX = Aghri Dagh; Pers. jjJsjf = Kiih-i-Nuh. 

Araxes : riv. ; conv. (Lat.) for Russ. ApaKCi = Araks ; Pers. ^1 = 

Aras ; Arm. bf"""/" = Yeraskh. 
Ardebll : Persia; J-j^1 ; (not Ardabil). 
'Ashqabad : Transcaspia ; Pers. jbT ,3.1c prop. = 'Eshq Abad ; Russ. 

Acxa6aji,'b = Askhabad ; (not Askabad). 
Asterabad : Persia ; Pers. aUT \s*»I, prop. = Ester Abad ; (not Astar- 

abad, Astrabad). 
Azerbaijan : pr. ba-I (not bai) ; Pers. ^Usbiil; (not Azerbaidjan, Azar- 

baijan, Aserbeidjan, Azerbijan). 
Bahrein : isld., Persian Gulf, Arabia ; Ar. ^^ ; (not Bahrain, Awal). 
Balkhash : lake, Siberia ; Russ. EajixaiiiT, ; Turki (jiliiJb = Balqash ; 

(not Balkash). 
Baluchistan : Pers. ^b^^L ; (not Beloochistan, Beluchistan, Biluchistan). 
Bandar 'Abbas : Persia ; Pers. ^l^c ..xj ; (not Bunder Abbas, Bender- 
Abas, Bender-Abassi, Gombroon). 
Bangkok: Siam; Siam. UHflfin or flMMWI = Krung Dhebh ; (not 

Bankok). 
Banjermasin : Borneo; Malay ^-.L^? ; Dutch Bandjermasin ; (not 

Banjermassin, Banyermassing). 
Banyuwangi : Java ; Malay [>ljjjlj ; Dutch, Banjoewangi ; (not 

Banjuwangi, Banyuvangi). 
Barfrush : Persia; Pers. ^i/\>', (not Barfarush, Barferush, Barfurush, 

Barforouche, Balfrush). 
Batum : Georgia ; conv. (Russ. BaTyin^ for Geor. obCO^nCO = Batumi, 

pr. Batumi ; Fr. Batoum. 
Beirut : Syria ; Ar. oj^o ; Fr. Beyrout or Beyrouth ; (not Bairut, 

Beirout). 
Benkulen : Sumatra ; conv. for Malay Jj^x> = Bangka-ulu ; Dutch 

Benkoelen ; (not Bencoolen). 
Beyshehr: Turkey, Asia Minor; conv. for Turk. j&So, , pr. Beishehr ; 

(not Bey Shehir, Bey Schehr). 
Blagovyeshchensk : Siberia ; Russ. BjiaroB'tuiencKi) ; (not Blago- 

vestchensk). 



FIRST GENERAL LIST OF ASIATIC NAMES. 3 

Borazjan : colloq. pr. Borazjun : Persia, ; Pers. J^-j^/ ; (not Borazdjun). 
Bosporus; conv. (Lat.) for Turk, ^^ssl j£y = Boghaz Ichi, sometimes 

pr. Boaz ; Gr. Bdo-Tropos = Vosporos ; Bulg. and Russ. Boci}topi> = 

Bosfor ; Fr. Bosphore ; Ttal. Bosforo ; (not Bosphorus). 
Brusa: Turkey, Asia Minor; Turk. ■»— j^ : Gr. TLpova-a = Prousa ; Pr. 

Brousse ; (not Brussa, Broussa, Boursa). 
Bukhara: Pers. l^Us, Russ. Byxapa ; (not Bokhara, Bochara, Buchara, 

Boukhara). 
Bushire : pr. Bushfr : Persia ; conv. for Pers. j^, y\ .Xj = Bandar Abu 

Shehr, or Bushehr ; (not Abu Shahr). 
Canton: China; conv. for Chin. Jf }H*| = Kwangchow (Wade, Kuang- 

chou) ; (not Kwang-chau). 
Caucasus: mts. ; conv. (Lat.) for Russ. KaBKa:n> = Kavkaz, pr. Kafkas ; 

Geor. ^b'jobuoro-bo = Kavkasioni ; Fr. Caucase ; Ger. Kaukasus. 
Celebes : pr. Celebes : Dutch East Indies ; conv. (origin uncertain). 
Chefoo: China; conv. for Chin. ^ ^ = Chihfow (Wade, Chih-fou), 

or %H "p = Yentai (Wade, Yen-t'ai) ; (not Chifu). 
Chemulpho : pr. Che mul p-ho : Korea ; Korean ^ $fy \ j]| = Chyoi- 

mulpho, or £^ J|j = Inchhyon, Jap. Jinsen ; (not Chemulpo). 
Chilachap : pr. Chilachap : Java ; Malay t_%.^U. ; Dutch Tjilatjap ; 

(not Tjelatjap, Chilatjap). 
Cyprus : conv. (Lat.) for Gr. KuVpos = Kypros ; Fr. Chypre ; Ger. 

Cypern ; Ital. Cipro ; Turk. ^jo^J = Qibris. 
Dairen : Kwantung Leased Territory ; Chin, and Jap. -^ j^g = Ta-lien 

(Chin.), Dairen (Jap.) ; Russ. JUaJi&Hiii = Dal'ni ; (not Dalny). 
Damascus: Syria; conv. (Lat.) for Ar. ^yL*s = Dimishq, or Ail) = 

Esh Sham ; Fr. Damas, or Cham Cherif ; Ital. Damasco : Ger. 

Damaskus. 
Dardanelles ; conv. (and Fr.) ; Turk. Jj&j> = Boghazlar, sometimes 

pr. Boazlar, or (S)lc_£ XJ>~> & = Bahr Send Boghazi, or (narrowest 

part) <jj^y i«ls (jUa. = Chanaq Qal'e Boghazi ; Gr. 'EWrjcr-ovTos = 

Ellespontos, or AapSavtXXia = Dardanellia ; Ital. Dardanelli ; Ger. 

Dardanellen ; Russ. ,I,apjaiie.i.il.i = Dardanelli. 
Demavend : mt., Persia; Pers. jJjLo; (not Damavand). 
Diarbekr : Turkey, Asia Minor : Turk.^x^lo, pr. Diarbekir, or aJ si = 

Qara Amid ; Arm. Spf.pm%m^lrpin = Dikranakerd ; (not Diarbekir). 
Doha: Qatar. Arabia ; Ar. *>o ; form, cjj = Bida' ; (not Dohah, Al 

Bida). 
Dunbeni : pr. Dumbeni; Persia; Pers. ^ ; (not Dumbineh, J >utn 

beneh, Dumbina). 
Edremid : Turkey, Asia Minor; Turk, j-^ol : Gr. 'ASpa/ivmov = Adra- 

myttion, pr. Adhramiti(on) : (not Adramid, Edremit, Adramyti). 
Ejmiadzin : Armenia: Arm. ^.//..uA/ii ; Russ. 3qjiia/i:tnn 1 = Echmia- 
dzin : (not Etchmiadzin, ESdgmiatsio, {tsmiadain, nor Vagbarsbabad). 



4 FIRST GENERAL LIST OP ASIATIC NAMES. 

Elburz : mts., Persia; Pers.j^JI, prop. pr. Alborz ; (not Elbruz). 
Enzeli: pr. i£nzell: Persia; Pers. jfjil, Russ. 3H3ejm; (not Enzalij. 
Erzerum : Turkey, Asia Minor ; Turk, ^^J ; Arm. li^/li = Karin ; 

(not Erzeroum, Arzerum). 
Erzinjan : Turkey, Asia Minor ; Turk. J^jJ ; Arm. bp&t- = Yerznka, 

pr. Yerzenka ; (not Erzingan, Erzingjan, Erzindjan). 
Famagusta : Cyprus ; conv. for Turk. l^cUU = Famaghusta ; Gr. 

'A/ajiioyooto? = Ammokhostos. 
Farasan : pr. Farasan or Farsan : islands, Red Sea, Arabia ; Ar. J^J ; 

(not Farsan, Farisan). 
Foochow : pr. Fuchow : China ; conv. for Chin, jjjg <Jf| = Fuchow ( Wade, 

Fu-chou) ; (not Fu-chau). 
Formosa : Japanese Empire ; conv. (Port.) for Chin, and Jap. M j@ 

= Taiwan (Wade, T'ai-wan). 
Haiphong : pr. Haifong ; Tongking ; conv. (and Fr.) for Chin. $| pj 

= Haifang. 
Harbin: Manchuria; conv.; Chin, pft $$ ^ = Haerhpin (Wade, 

Ha-erh-pin) ; Russ. Xap6nHi> = Kharbin. 
Hejaz: prop. pr. Hizhaz, colloq. Hezhaz : Arabia; Ar.jls*; (not Hijaz. 

Hedjaz). 
Hodeida : Yemen, Arabia ; Ar. Sjjj*. ; (not Hodaidah, Hudeida). 
Hokkaido: isld., Japan; Jap. ^fc^jE; (not Hokkaida, Hokushu, 

Yezo, Ezo). 
Honshu : isld., Japan ; Jap. %L j\\ ; (not Honshiu, Hondo, Nippon). 
Isfahan : Persia ; Pers. J^su,\, pr. Esfahan ; (not Ispahan, Esfahan). 
lzmid : Turkey, Asia Minor ; Turk, j~<ol , sometimes pr. Izmit ; Gr. 

NiKo//,?jSe<.a = Nikomedeia, pr. Nikomidhia ; (not Israid, Ismit). 
Jask : Persia ; Pers. duU ; (not Jashk, Djask). 
Jauf : Arabia ; Ar. v-J^*, prop j^\ «-_jja- = Jauf ul Amir, or^xlc ^ <<—ij>- 

= Jauf bin *Amr ; (not Jof, Djauf, El Jauf, Jauf al 'Umr). 
Jidda : Arabia ; Ar. ij&- ; (not Jedda, Jeddah, Djeddah, Jiddah). 
Kabul : pr. Kabul : Afghanistan ; Pers. JjK ; (not Cabul, Cabool, Caubul). 
Kandahar : Afghanistan ; conv. for Pers. J&x* = Qandahar ; (not 

Candahar). 
Kazerun : Persia; Pers. ^jjj^; (not Kazarun). 
Kazvin : Persia ; conv. for Pers. ^jja = Qazvin ; (not Kazvine, Kazbin, 

Kasvin). 
Keelung : Formosa ; conv. for Chin. || §g = Chilung, off. Jap. Kiirun ; 

Jap. iH: || = Kiryu ; (not Kelung, Kdung). 
Kerman : Persia ; Pers. Ju£ ; (not Kirman). 
Kermanshah : Persia; Pers. bUiUp or more correctly u ,ULijL ; S''= 

Kermanshahan ; (not Kirmanshah). 
Khurasan : Persia ; Pers. J^\j> ; (not Khorasan, Khorassan). 
Khurramabad : Persia ; Pers. iULJi, prop. = Khurrain Abad ; (not 
Khorramabad, KLhoramabad). 



FIRST GENERAL LIST OF ASIATIC NAMES. 5 

Kiaochow : China ; Chin, jp j{\ ( Wade, Chiao-chou) ; Ger. Kiau-Tschou : 

(not Kiau Chau). 
Kirestin : Turkey, Asia Minor : Turk, ^y^st^; Arm. lifipu,..,,^ = 

Kirasun ; Gr. Kcpao-ovi = Kerasous ; (not Kerasund, Kerasun). 
Kirin : Manchuria; conv. for Chin, ^f Ifo Jft = Cbilinf u ;■ (not 

Kilinhsien). 
Konia : Turkey, Asia Minor : conv. for Turk. aJjS = Qoniya ; Gr. 

*Ik6uov = Ikonion ; Lat. Iconium ; (not Konieh). 
Korea : conv. for Chin, fgj H = Kaoli ; Korean t$ = Chyosyon, 

Jap. Chosen ; Fr. Coree ; (not Corea). 
Kwantung : = Jap. Leased Territory, Manchuria ; Chin. f$) j|[ 

(Wade, Kuan-tung); Jap. \$ j|f *H»| = Kantoshii ; (not Kuantung, 

Kwantoshu). 
Kyoto : Japan ; Jap. jjj\ %$ ; (not Kioto). 
Kyushu : isld., Japan ; Jap. j^ t )\\ ; (not Kiusiu, Kiushiu). 
Latakia : Syria ; conv. for Ar. SiiSV = Ladhiqiya ; Gr. AaoSuceia = 

Laodikeia, pr. Laodhikia ; (not Ladikiya, Latakieh, Lattakia, 

Latakiya). 
Lingeh : pr. Lin-geh, prop. Lan-geh : Persia ; Pers. aJd ; Ar. is^ = Linja. 
Llth : Arabia ; Ar. c^J ; (not Laith). 
Macassar : Celebes, Dutch East Indies ; conv. for Malay ^J^Ju = 

Mangkasar ; Dutch Makasser ; (not Makassar). 
Maidan-i-Naftun : oil-field, Persia ; Pers. UJ kfli Ji j~« ; (not Maidan-i- 

Naphtun). 
Malacca : Straits Settlements : conv. for Malay d!iL = Malaka ; Dutch 

Malaka. 
Manila: Philippine Islands ; (not Manilla). 
Manjil : Persia; Pers. J-s^° ; (not Mandjil, Manzil, Mendjil). 
Marmara, Sea of; conv. for Turk. <j\S* ^^ = Mermere Denizi ; Gr. 

I]poirovTL<; = Propontis, or (-JuXuo-cru Mdpfxapa = Thalassa Marmara ; 

Bulg. (Russ.) MpaMOpHO(e) liope = Mramorno(e) more; (not 

Marmora). 
Mazanderan : Persia; Pers. ^LjjjU ; (not Mazandaran). 

Mecca: Arabia : conv. for Ar. i.C = Makka ; Fr. La Mecque ; Ger. 

Mekka. 
Medina: Arabia; conv. for Ar. .LoJI = El Medina; Fr. Medine; 

(not Madinah). 
Meshed : Persia; conv. for Pers. .v^..-.« = MashJjad ; (not Mashad). 
Mianeh : Persia; conv. for Pers. JL+ = Miyanej ; (not Miane, Mianah, 

Miannedj). 

Mocha: pr. Mokha: Yemen, Arabia; conv. for Ar. \s? = Mukha ; 

(not Makha, Mokha). 
Mohammerah : prop. pr. Mohammareh: Persia; Pers. »Jis^ ; (noi 

Muhaminura. Muhammera. .Vluhammareh, Muhaminerah). 



6 FIRST GENERAL LIST OF ASIATIC NAMES. 

MormugclO : pr. Mormugan (-aw. very nasal) : Goa, Port. India ; (not 

Marmagao, Marmagoa). 
Moilkden : Manchuria; conv. (Fr.) for Chin. ^ ^ J^f = Fengtieni'u 

(Wade, Feng-t'ien-fu) ; Russ. MyK,T,eni> = Mukden'. 
Muroran : Hokkaido, Japan ; Jap. ^ ^J ; (not Mororan). 
Muscat: Arabia; conv. for Ar. )oL~e = Masqat; (not Maskat). 
Nanking: China: Chin. |p) jj^ ( Wade, Nan-ching) ; Russ. HanKHHT. = 

Nankin ; (not Nankeen). 
Nehavend : Persia ; Pers. jijl^i ; (not Nihavand, Nehavand). 
Nejd : pr. Nezhd or Neid : Central Arabia ; Ar. j^' ; (not Najd, Nedjed). 
Nlkpei : Persia; Pers. ^Xj; (not Nikpai, Nikbeg, Nikisi, N iked). 
Ob': pr. Op': riv., Siberia; Russ. 06b; (not Obi). 

'Oqair : sometimes pr. 'Ojair: Arabia; Ar.^Jic; (not Ojair, Okair, Uqair). 
Oxus : riv.; conv. (Lat.) for Pers. \>^jj, Russ. Any JI,api.fl = Amu 

Darya, or ^5^ = Jaihiin ; (not Amu Daria). 
Palmyra : Syria ; conv. (Lat.) for Ar. ;*y> = Tadmur ; Fr. Palmyre ; 

(not Tadmor, Tudmur). 
Panarukan: Java; Malay J>jj£; Dutch Panaroekan. 
Pasuruan : Java; Malay ^Ijjj— 3 ; Dutch Pasoeroean; (not Pasaroeang, 

Passoeroean). 
Pekirg: China; conv. for Chin. ;jfc fc = Pehking (Wade, Pei-ching) ; 

Russ. TleKHHii = Pekin ; Fr. Pekin; (not Pekin). 
Penang : Straits Settlements ; conv. for Malay «Jj!^ = Pulau Pinang. 

Perak : pr. Pera : Fed. Malay States ; conv for Malay ^^ = Peraq 

(the last letter being mute and like Ar. hamza, which indicates an 

abrupt cutting off of the breath). 
Philippine Islands : -ine pr. as in ravine, not as in mine ; Sp. Islas 

Filipinas. 
Pondicherry : French India ; conv. for Fr. Pondichery ; (not Pondi- 

cherri, Pondicheri). 
Port Arthur : Kwantung Leased Territory ; conv. (Russ. nopxi. 

ApTypi.) for Chin. ^ Jlgf = Lushun, Jap. Ryojun. 
ProbolinggO : Java; Malay tsUb^s ; (not Probolingo). 
Qasr-i-Shirin : Persia ; Pers. ^jS> ^ok ; (not Kasr-i-Shirin). 
Qatar : sometimes pr. Gatar : pen. Arabia ; Ar. J& ; (not El Qatar, 

Qatr, Katar, Katr, Bar al Katr, Gattar). 
Quelpart : pr. Kwelpart : isld., Japan : conv. (orig. Dutch Quelpaert) for 

Korean ^ *H<| % = Chyoijyudo, Jap. Saishuto. 
Qum : Persia; Pers. J ; (not Kum, Kouin, Ghoum). 
Resht: Persia; Pers. c^, Russ. PeuiTT>; Fr. Recht; (not Rasht). 
Rhodes : isld. : conv. for Greek e Po'8os = Rodos, pr. Rodhos ; Turk, ^ja, 

= Redos; Ital. Rodi. 
Riyadh : Nejd, Arabia ; Ar. ^y, (not Riadh, Riad). 
Sakhalin : pr. Sakhalin ; Russ. Caxsuinrb ; Jap. %$ j& = Karafuto (this 

name to be used for portion S. of hit 50°); (not Saghalien. Saghalin). 



FIRST GENERAL LIST OF ASIATIC NAMES. 7 

Salayar: Dutch East Indies ; Malay^A-,; Dutch Saleier ; (not Saleyer, 

Salajar, Saleijer). 
San'a: Yemen, Arabia ;^Ar. \k^> ; (not Sana'a, San'ah, Sanaa, Sana). 
Saqqiz: Persia; Pers.jiL,; (not Saqqez, Sakiz). 

Sarawak : pr. Sarawa ; conv. for Malay j^ = Sariiwaq j (see Perak). 
Sehneh: Persia; Pers. i^- or ^x^> = Sinandij ; (not Sinneh, Sinna, 

Senna, Sihna, Sehna). 
Seistan : pr. Sistan : Persia ; Pers. ^■■■■■■- 

Semarang : Java ; Malay £,L~,, pr. Seruarang ; (not Samarang). 
Seoul : Korea ; conv. for Korean Syoul ; Chin. g| J^ = Hancheng 

(Wade, Han-ch'eng); Fr. Seoul; Ger. Soul; Jap. ^ ffi = Keijo. 
Serang : Dutch East Indies; Malay £,--; Dutch Ceram ; (not Seran). 
Shushtar : Persia ; Pers.^iji ; (not Shustar). 

Sidon : Syria; conv. for Heb. jilV = Zidon, pr. Tsidon ; Ar. \x^> = Saida. 
Singapore : Straits Settlements ; conv. for Malay l^U--. = Singapura. 
Smyrna : Asia Minor ; conv. (Lat.) for Gr. 2/aiV?7 = Smyrne, pr. 

Smirni; Fr. Smyrne; Turk.^jl = Izmir. 
Soochow: China; conv. for Chin. ^ = Suchow (Wade, Su-chou) ; 

(not Suchau). 
Sumbawa : Dutch East Indies; Malay IjL**, ; Dutch Soembawa. 
Surabaya : Java ; Malay <j\jjj~> ; Dutch Soerabaja ; (not Sourabaya, 

Soerabaya). 
Swatow : China ; conv. for Chin. ftl| gg = Shantow (Wade, Shan-t'ou) ; 

(not Shantau). 
Tabriz : Persia ; Pers. j^J ; (not Tabreez, Tebriz). 
Takao : Formosa ; Jap. jgj fife; Chin. tT %} = Takow (Wade, Ta-kou) : 

(not Takau). 
Taurus : mts., Asia Minor ; conv. (Lat.) for Turk. clL Jj^j = Bulghar 

Dagh (S.W. portion) and cll> VT= Ala Dagh (N.E. portion). 

Tehran : Persia ; Pers. J^ ; Fr. Teheran ; Russ. Terepauf, = Tehe- 
ran ; (not Teheran). 

Tiflis : Georgia; conv. (Russ. Th^JHCb) for Geor. cncoorrnotfo 
= Tpilisi, pr. Tpilisi. ^ ^ 

Tokyo : Japan ; Jap. $f j£ ; (not Tokio). 

Tongking : French Indo-China ; conv. for Chin. )|f j^ = Tungking 
(Wade, Tung-ehing) ; Fr. Tonkin. 

Trebizond : Turkey, Asia Minor ; conv. for Turk. ^jjijo = Tirabzon ; 
Russ. Tpaiie:jyn,ri, = Trapezund ; Fr. Trebizonde; Gr. TpewrcfrSs = 
Trapezous; Arm. «|»i««„ = Bondos (from Gr. IloVro? = Pontos). 

Tripoli: Syria; conv. (Ital.) for Ar. AiJI (jJbl^ = Tariihuliis esh Sham; 
Gr. T/aiVoAis = Tripolis; Fr. Tripoli de Syrie or Tarabloua Cham. 

Tsingtao: China; Chin. ^ % (Wade, Ch'ing-tao); Jap. Seito; Ger. 
Tsingtau ; (not Chingtao, Tsingtau). 



8 FIRST GENERAL LIST OF ASIATIC NAMES. 

Turkistan : Pers. Jc^Sj (pr. in Pers. Torkestan) ; Russ. TypKecTHHT> = 

Turkestan. 
Tyre: Syria; conv. for Ar. jye = Siir ; Heb. "HY = Zor, pr. Tsor; Fr. 

Tyr ; Gen (Lat.) Tyrus. 
Urmia : pr. Urmia (Arm.), Urumiyeh (Pers.) : town and lake, Persia : 

conv. (Arm. fKp«#««) for Pers. i"-*jj\ = Uriimiyeh; Turk. i~»*j = 

Rumiya ; (not Urim, Urumia, Ourmi, Ourmiah). 
Vasht : Persia ; Pers. oilj ; (not Kwash, Kvash). 
Vladivostok: pr. Vladivostok: Siberia; Russ. BjiaAiiBOCTOin. : (not 

Vladivostock). 
Wejh : Arabia ; Ar. ±»j ; (not Wajj, Wejj, Wej, Wajh). 
Yemen: Arabia; Ar. J^i i; (not Yam an). 

Yenbo* : Arabia; Ar. *-jj ; (not Yanbo, Yambo, Yenboughl bahr). 
Yezd : Persia ; Pers. sy_ ; (not Yazd, Yesd). 
Zamboanga : Philippine Islands ; (not Samboanga). 
Zenjan: Persia; Pers. ^Uj, prop. pr. Zanjan; (not Zinjan, Zindjan). 
Zuhab : Persia ; Pers. i_>W) ; (not Zoliab). 



SECOND GENERAL LIST OF ASIATIC NAMES. 



CORRIGENDA. 

p. 1. For Aksil, etc., read as follows :— 

Aqsu (Wensuh) : Sinkiang, China ; Turki (j& ,Jo j) j~>\ = 
Aqsu (Yangi Shahr) ; Chin. ^ fg (Wade, Wen-su) : 
(not Aksu). 
p. 3. For Chensi read Barkbl (Chensi). 
p. 4. For Hami read Qomul (Hami). 
p. 5. For Karashar read Qara Shahr (Yenki) and dele conv. for. 

After Kashgar add (Shufu). 
p. 6. After Khotan add (Kotien). 

For Kuche read Kucha (Kuche). 
After Kuchengtze add (Kitai). 
For Kuerhlei read Kurla (Kuerhlei). 
After Kuldja add (Ningyiian). 

p. 7. For Lob Nor read Lop Nor. 

After Manass add (Suilai). 

After Maralbashi add (Pachu). 
p. 10. For Shuleh read Yangi Shahr (Shuleh). 
p. 12. For Urumtsi read Urumchi (Tihwa) and dele conv. for. 

For Wushih read Uch Turlan (Wushih). 

After Yangihissar add (Yingkisha). 

After Yarkand add (Soche). 

For Yehcheng read Qarghaliq (Yehcheng). 

For Yiitien read Keriya (Yiitien). 

The names given above in brackets are the official Chinese names as given in 
the Postal Guide. 



LONDON: PRINTED BY WM. CLOWES AND SONS, LI I'.. PUKE STREET, STAMFORD STREET, S.K.I. 



/ 



PERMANENT COMMITTEE ON GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES 
FOR BRITISH OFFICIAL USE. 



SECOND GENERAL LIST OF ASIATIC 

NAMES. 



Published for the Permanent Committee on Geographical Names by the 
Royal Geographical Society, Kensington Gore, London, S.W.I. 

July, 1923. 

Price Sixpence. 



alt alternative. 

Ar Arabic. 

Arm Armenian. 

Burm Burmese. 

Chin Chinese. 

colloq colloquially. 

conv conventional 

dist district. 



ABBREVIATIONS, Etc. 

lat latitude. 

loc local(ly). 

long longitude. 

mt mountain. 

off official. 

pen peninsula. 

Pers Persian. 

Port Portuguese. 



form formerly. pr pronounced. 

Fr French. prop properly. 

Geor Georgian. prov province. 

Ger German. riv river. 

Gr Greek Russ Russian. 

Heb Hebrew. Siam Siamese. 

isld island. Sp Spanish. 

Ital Italian. Tib Tibetan. 

Jap Japanese. Turk Turkish. 

Lat Latin. U.S United States. 

Chinese characters are printed from left to right. The spelling of Chinese names 
is according to the Postal Guide, whose system is not always consistent. Wade 
signifies transliteration according to the system of Sir Thomas Wade. 

The mark - shown over some of the long vowels in Arabic and Persian is 
optional, and in Japanese is desirable; but the inverted comma ' representing the 
Arabic letter i~ is essential. The apostrophe ' indicates a liquid sound. 

The pronunciations are in accordance with the R.G.S. II. System, for which 
see Geog. Jour., Jan. 1921, Vol. LVII, pp. 40-43; or an explanatory leaflet can be 
had on application to the Assistant, P.C.G.N., Royal Geographical Society. 

The acute accent ' indicates the stress, a, e, u = the neutral vowel as in marine, 
oftfn, difficult. 



Achinsk: Siberia; Russ. A.ihhcki; (not Atcbinsk). 

Aigun : Heilungkiang, China; conv. (Russ. Ainyni.) for Chin. J^£ J.iji' 

= Ailiua ; Manchu Sakhalin Ula Hoto. 
Aksu : Sinkiang, China; conv. f« >r Turki j~J\ = A.qsu ; Chin, jjft fff = 

Wensub ( Wade, WYmi-su). 
Albay : Luzon. Philippine [slands; conv. for Albai. 
Alexandropol : pr. Alexandropol': Armenia ; com. for Russ. Ajiesc 

aii.ipono.ih = Alekaandropol' ; Ann. «J-/l« J).{> — Kiiinri ; Turk. 

^SjS = Kiimri. 



2 SECOND GENEEAL LIST OF ASIATIC NAMES. 

Amami Gunto : islds. (lat. 27° 10'-28° 30', long. 128°-130°), Japanese 

Empire ; Jap. ^ rjfc ^ ^ , or ;fc J^ M |fj = Oshima Shoto ; (not 

Hokubu Shoto). 
Amboina : isld., Dutch East Indies: conv. for Malay ^^.J = Ambon; 

(not Amboyna). 
Ampin: Formosa; Chin. -Jap. ^ 4*> Chin. Anping (Wade, An-p'ing) ; 

(not Anpin, Anpei). 
Amur: riv., Siberia-Manchuria; Russ. AMypT., from Tungus Mamu 

Manchu Sakhalin Ula ; Chin. |B ^fl ££ — Heilung Kiang (Wade, 

Chiang) ; (not Amoor). 
Anadir : pr.Anadoir: riv. and gulf, Siberia ; Russ. Ana,'iHp'i>; (not Anadyr). 
Anatolia : conv. (and Ital.) for Gr. 'AvaroX-rj = Anatole ; Turk. J^LUl = 

Anadoli ; Fr. Anatolie ; Ger. Anatolien. 
Andijan : Russian Turkistan ; Turki jjl^Jol or (jUrJJl ; Russ. Aii/imKaH'i. ; 

(not Andidjan). 
Angara: pr. An-gara : riv., Siberia ; Russ. Aurapa. 
Anhwei : prov., China ; Chin. ^ ^ ( Wade, An-hui) ; (not Nganhwei, 

Nganhui). 
Ardahan : Turkey; Turk. ^UI^T; Arm. [\i>q-eu^,u% • Russ. Ap^aiaHb ; 

Geor. brorobrnbbn^Ardaghani ; (nut Ardakhan, Ardagan). 
Armenia : conv. (and Ital., from Gr. 'Apfxevia, Lat. Armenia) for Arm. 

Z^uyu, „«,,«*% = Hayasdan; Geor. UCO_0 DOCno = Somkheti ; Pers. and 

Turk, (jli^*,! = Ermenistan ; Russ. ApjieHifl = Armeniya ; Fr. 

Armenie ; Ger. Armenien. 
Aru : pr. Aru : islds., Dutch East Indies ; Dutch Aroe ; (not Arru). 
Atrek : riv., Persia-Transcaspia ; Pers. d/'l; Russ. Axpcivh; (not Atrak). 
Bachan : isld., Dutch East Indies ; Dutch Batjan ; (not Bachian). 
Bagrach Kol : lake, Sinkiang, China ; Turki J^> ^\je\i ; Chin. 

EL $t $!l # M = Pakelachih Hu (Wade, Pa-kcda-ch'ih Hu) ; (not 

Bagrash Kul, Bagratch Nor). 
Bakhtiari : tribe, Persia ; Pers. \j\~&. ; (not Bakhtiyari). 
Bakolod : pr. Bakolod : Negros, Philippine Islands ; U.S. off. and Sp. 

Bacolod. 
Balabak : pr. Balabak : isld., Philippine Islands; U.S. off. and Sp. Balabac. 
Bandar-i-Gaz : Persia ; Pers. j£ .aj ; (not Bunder Gez, Bender-i-Gezj. 
Banggai : islds., Dutch East Indies ; (not Bangaai, Bangaya). 
Banka : isld., Dutch East Indies ; conv. for Malay [\x> or i*l£j = Bangka. 
Banyak : pr. Banya(k) : islds., Dutch East Indies ; Malay ,jAj (prop. = 

Banyaq) ; Dutch Banjak ; (not Baniak). 
Batu : pr. Batu : islds., Dutch East Indies ; Malay Jl> ; Dutch Batoe. 
Belitong : pr. Belitong; isld., Dutch East Indies ; Malay c>Jb ; Dutch 

Blitoeng ; (not Billiton, Belitung). 
Berezov : pr. Byeryozof : Siberia ; Russ. I)epe30Bi. ; (not Beresov). 
Bintan : pr. Bintan (or Bentan) : isld., Dutch East Indies ; Malay ^^ : 

(not Bintang). 
Birjand : Persia; Pers. Xs»j> ; (not Birdjand, Birdjend). 
Bisk: pr. Bisk: Siberia; Russ. Biitcin. ; (not Biisk, Biysk). 



SECOND GENERAL LIST OF ASIATIC NAMES. 3 

Bonin Islands : see Ogasawara Jima. 

Buru : pr. Bum : isld., Dutch East Indies ; Dutch Boeroe. 

Buton : pr. Buton : i.sld., Dutch East Indies; alt. Bolio ; Butch Boeton 

or I lolijo. 
Camotes : pr. Kamotes : islds., Philippine Islands ; Sp ; (not Kamotes). 
Caspian Sea : com-, for Buss. KacniftcKoe Mope = Kaspiskoe more, pr. 

Kasplsko-ye morye; Pers. ^jjjU <j\) .$ = Darya-yi-Mazanderan, or 

(Ar.) jj*j£: = Bahr Khazar : Fr. Mer Caspienne ; Ital. Mar Caspio ; 

Ger. Kaspisches Meer. 
Cavite : pr. Kavite : Luzon, Philippine Islands ; conv. for Kavite. 

Chamdo : Tibet ; conv. for Tib. <£*T*IV = Chhabmdo ; Chin. %£ jfc. %> 

= Chamuto(TPade, Ch'a-mu-to) or H %$ $| = Changtuhsien ( Wade, 

Ch'ang-tu-hsien) ; (not Chianido). 
Chanaq : Turkey; Turk. jb*, or iiilkL, ixU = Qal'e Sultaniye; Gr. 

kapSaveXXta = Dardanellia; (not Chanak-kalessia, Kale-i-Sultanie). 
Charjui : 1 Bukhara ; Pers.-Turki tjjsrj**- 0Y j>-J^r ', Buss. l Iap;i,Hiy ii = Chardjui. 
Chekiang: prov., China; Chin. \$ XL {Wade, Che-chiang) ; (not 

Chehkiang). 
Chelyuskin: cape, Siberia; Buss, 'le.iiocmmi,, or Ct.Bepo-Borfo 'limit 

mijci, = Syevero-vostochni mis (N.E. Cape) ; (not Tcheliuskin). 
Chensi: Sinkiang, China; Chin. |i @J {Wade, Chen-hsi) ; Turki J_/.b 

= Bar kol ; (not Barkul). 
Cheribon : pr. Cheribon: Java; conv. for Sundanese ^y. ^ = Chi 

Rebou ; Dutch Cheribon or Tjirebon. 
Chihli : prov., China; Chin. {|[ ^; (not Chili, Pechili). 
China: conv. (and Ger.) for Chin, rp" [§<J = Chungkwo {Wade, -kuo) ; 

Jap. % ffi = Shina; Siam. [,§f)3 1U = Miong Dyin ; Tib. J}* 3 ^' = 

Rgya nag, pr. colloq. Gya na ; Pers. ^Uai- = Khitai ; Turki ^o. = 

Chin; Ar. v~oH = Al Sin; Fr. Chine; Ital. Cina ; Russ. Kirrafi = 

Kitai; old Eng. Cathay. 
Chita: Siberia; Buss. Mma; (not Tchita). 
Cilician Gates : gorge, Turkey, Asia Minor ; conv. for Turk, jli^j dJji 

= Giilek Boghaz ; Fr. Portes de Cilicie ; Ital. Borte Cilicie ; Ger. 

Cilicische Pforte. 
Dolon Nor: Chihli, China; Mongol; off. Chin. £ fift ffi f| = Tolun- 

aoerh {Wade, To-lun-no-erh). 
Dzungaria : dist., Sinkiang, China; conv. (from Kalinuk Dzun, or 

Sun, gar) for Chin, i^ 11$ f$f l%\> = Tsunkeerhpu ( Wade, Chun ke 

erh-pu) ; Buss. ^.-.uyiirapiH = Djungariya ; Pr. Dzoungarie ; Ger. 

Dsungarei ; (not .Jungaria, Zungaria, Sungaria). 
Elisavetpol : pr. YellsavyetpoT : Azerbaijan; Russ. EaHcaBeTnojB, 

form. Iviiirai'.rroiio.ii, = Elisavetopol ; Geor. n Soqei) = Ganja ; 

Arm. *\~uj1,&uj/, = Kandsak ; (not Klisabethpol, Ycli/avct pol). 
Fengtien : prov., Manchuria, China; Chin. 5fE ^ ( Wade, Feng-t'ien); 

form. J$£ ^ = Shengking {Wade, Sheng-ching). 
Ferghana: prov., Russian Turkistan; Pers.-Turki aJIc^s ; Russ. $epraH- 

CKa>i oo. iat Tii = Ferganskaya oblast' ; (not Fergana). 



4 SECOND GENEEAL LIST OF ASIATIC NAMES. 

Fukien: prov., China; Chin, jjig H (Wade, Fu-chien) ; (not Fuhkien, 
Fokien). 

Georgia : conv. (and Ital.) (from old tribal name Jurz or Gurj) for Geor. 

UbdbnOCn , 2qmocYV = Sakartvelo; Arm. \\^>-ui»u.% == Vrasdan; Turk. 

and Pers. ^U-^y = Gurjistan ; Russ. rpy3ia = Gruziya; Fr. Georgie ; 

Ger. Georgien. 
Gilan : prov., Persia; Pers. %4 ; (not Ghilan). 
Gobi, The : desert, Mongolia-Sinkiang, China ; (Mongol, = " desert ") ; 

Chin. -X H &M = Kwopi Shamo (Wade, Ke-pi) ; (not Gobi Desert). 

Gokcha : lake, Armenia; Turk. is?£\ Arm. jj^«-<x-S, = Sevan or t^h^p. 
T-n^^^Kegharkunik ; Russ. 1 OK<ia = Gokcha or CeBaHn> = Sevang ; 
(not Gokchai, Gokcheh, Geukcho, Sevanga). 

Goto RettO : islds., W. Nagasaki, Japan ; Jap. 3£ IS ~ffl faj '■< ( n °t 

Gotoshima). 
Giizel 'Avrat : Transcaspia ; Turki Oj^c Jjj^j Russ. Kh36I.it>- (or 

Kiisim.-) ApBaTT. = Kizil Arvat ; (not Qizil Arvat). 
Gwadar : Baluchistan; Pers.j^l^; (not Gwatar, q.v.). 
Gwatar : Persia; Pers. J\J> (not Gwadar, q.v.). 

Gyangtse : Tibet ; Tib. §*?%' prop. = Rgyangtse ; Chin. \£ $£ 

= Kiangtze ( Wade, Chiang-tzii) ; (not Gyantse, Gyangze). 
Hadhramaut : dist., Arabia ; Ar. o^*^ ; (not Hadramaut). 
Halmahera : pr. Halmahera : isld., Dutch East Indies ; alt. Jailolo ; 

Dutch Djailolo ; (not Halmaheira, Almahera, Jilolo, Gilolo, Gillolo). 
Hami: Sinkiang, China; Chin. P£ ^ ; Turki J^ = Qomul; (not Khami). 
Hari Rud: riv., Afghanistan-Persia; Pers. jo, ^jt, ; (not Heri Rud). 
Helmand : riv., Afghanistan; Pers. x^Jst, or x^jt = Hirmand ; (not 

Helmund). 
Hintotolo : isld., Philippine Islands ; U.S. off", and Sp. Jintotolo. 
Holo : pr. Hole: isld., Philippine Islands; U.S. off. and Sp. Jolo ; (not 

Sulu). 
Homalig : pr. Homalig : isld., Philippine Islands ; U.S. off. and Sp. 

Jomalig. 
Hongkong: conv. for Chin. ^ ^ = Siangkiang (or -kong) (Wade, 

Hsiang-chiang) ; (not Hong Kong). 
Hozan : Formosa; Chin. -Jap. j^ |1|, Chin. Fengshan (Wade, Feng- 

shan) ; (not Hosan, Hosoan). 
Hupeh : prov., China; Chin. f$j ;Jt (Wade, Hu-pei) ; (not Hupe). 
Hwang Ho: riv., China; Chin. ||r ^pj (Wade, Huang Ho); Mongol 

Shara Muren ; (not Hoangho, Yellow River). 
Ilin : pr. Ilin : isld., Philippine Islands ; (not Iling, Ylin). 
Iloilo : pr. Ilo-ilo : Panay, Philippine Islands ; (not Yloilo). 
Irkutsk: Siberia; Russ. HpKyTCKt; (not Irkoutsk). 
Irtish: pr. Irtoish: riv., Siberia; Russ. HpiBiuii.; (not Jrtysh). 
Issiq Kol : pr. Issik Kol : lake, Russian Turkistan ; Turki Jj^ (j-~ol ; 

Russ. MccrjK'i.-KyjiL = Issik-kul ; (not Issyk keul). 
Izu ShichitO : islds., s. Yokohama, Japan ; Jap. ffi j£ Jfc Ji ; (not 

Idsu, Seven Islands). 



SECOND GENERAL LIST OF ASIATIC NAMES. 5 

Japan : conv. (and Ger.) for Jap. ;£. = Nihon, conv. Nippon, 
Chin. Jihpen ; Fr. Japon ; Ital. Giappone ; Russ. Unonifl = Yapo- 
niya. 

Johore : Unfederated Malay States ; conv. for Malay jty* = Johor. 

Johore Bahru : Johore ; conv. for Mala}- ^l^ ^ap- = Johor Beharu ; 

(not Baru, Bharu). 
Johore Strait : conv. for Malay j\jj iL. = Selat Tebrau ; (not Old 

Strait, Straits of Tebrau, Salat, Silat Tembrau). 
Jokyakarta : Java ; Dutch (from Sanskrit) Djokjakarta. 
Julfa : Nakhichevan, Transcaucasia; Pers.-Turk. UL. ; Rubs. I H , iKv.u>()ia = 

Djul'fa. 
Kagayan : pr. Kagayan : isld., Philippine Islands ; U.S. off. and Sp. 

Cagayan. 
Kagi : Formosa ; Jap. ^ f^| ; (not Kaagii). 

Kakraray : isld., Philippine Islands; conv. for Kakrarai ; U.S. off. and 

Sp. Cacraray ; (not Kakaray). 
Kalagwa : islds., Philippine Islands : U.S. off. and Sp. Calaguas. 
Kalamian : pr. Kalamian: isld., Philippine Islands; alt. Kulion, pr. 

Kulion ; U.S. off. and Sp. Calamian or Culion ; (not Kalaruion). 
Kalapan I pr. Kalapan : Mindoro, Philippine Islands ; U.S. off. and Sp. 

Calapan. 

Kalayan : pr. Kalayan: isld., Philippine Islands; U.S. off. and Sp. 

Calayan. 
Kalgan : Chihli, China ; conv. (Mongol) ; Chin. ij|| ^ P = Chang- 

kiakow (Wade, Chang-chia-k'ou). 
Kamchatka: Russ. KaMiaTKa; (not Kamtchatka, Kamschatka). 
Kamigin : pr. Kamigin : isld., Philippine Islands ; U.S. off. and Sp. 

Camiguin ; (not Kamiguin). 

Kangavar : Persia ; Pers. j&S ; (not Kangevar, Kengawer). 
Kansu : prov., China ; Chin, "g* ~j$ ; (not Kansuh). 
Kapiz : pr. Kapiz : Panay, Philippine Islands; U.S. off. and Sp. Capiz. 
Karashar : Sinkiang, China; conv. for Turki j£>\& — Qara Shahr; 
Chin, j^ ^ = Yenki (Wade, Yen-ch'i) ; (not Kara Schar). 

Karenko : Formosa: Jap. :fc j£ $| (P ro P- = Kwarenko) ; (not 
Hoirenkan). 

Karimata: pr. Karimata: islds.. Dutch East Indies ; (not Carimata). 

Karind : Persia ; Pers. xij> (not Kerind). 

Kars : Turkey; conv. (Russ. KapCb) for Turk, ^ojti = Qars; Arm. 

iI^uA,«i 7 = Vanand. 
Kashgar : Sinkiang, China ; conv. for Turki j£& =. Kashqar, or xiK = 

Kashghar; Chin. 16ft |*'fj" = Shufu. 
Katanduanes : isld., Philippine Islands ; U.S. off and Sp Catanduanes. 
Katbalogan : pr. Katbalogan: Samar, Philippine [elands; US. off. and 

Sp. < 'at balogan. 
Kei : islds., Dutch Kast Indies; alt. Ewab J (not K.\ Key, Ewaf, Kvar). 

Khabarovsk: Siberia; Russ. XaoapoBCK'b; (nol Kabarovski, Habarovsk, 
l\ habarovka). 



6 SECOND GENEEAL LIST OF ASIATIC NAMES. 

Khanka : lake, Siberia-Manchuria ; Russ. (from Tungus) Xamca; 

Chin. Jg. % $] = Singkai Hu ( Wade, Hsing-k'ai Hu) ; (not 

Hangka, Hanka, Khinka, Hinka, Hengka, Hingai, Sinhai). 

Khojend : Russian Turkistan ; Turki s^~ ', Russ. XojUKeHTB = Khodjent. 

Khoqand : Russian Turkistan ; Turki JJ»y-, or ii*3ji. = Khoqant ; Russ. 

KoKan,:i,T. or KoKain. = Kokand or Kokan; (not Khokan). 
Khotan : Sinkiang, China; Turki ^i- ; Chin, %\\ j^j = Hotien (Wade, 

Ho-t'ien) ; (not Khoten, Hutan). 
Kiangsi : pro v., China; Chin. ££ M (Wade, Chiang-hsi). 
KiangSU : prov., China; Chin. ££ $fc, (Wade, Chiang-su). 
Kizil Arvat : see Giizel 'Avrat. 
Kobdo : Mongolia ; Chin. % $ ^jj ^ = Koputo (Wade, K'e-pu-to) ; (not 

Cobdo). 
Kongmoon : Kwangtung, China ; conv. for Chin. \L P*3 = Kongmen 

( Wade, Chiang-men). 
Kdpri Kbi : Turkey ; Turk, ^f ^jj) ; (not Keupri Keui). 
K6r6 : Formosa ; Jap. ^ i|| ; (not Auran, Oulan). 
Koron : pr. Koron; isld., Philippine Islands; U.S. off. and Sp. Coron. 
Kotabato : pr. Kotabato : Mindanao, Philippine Islands ; U.S. off. and 

Sp. Cotabato ; (not Kota Bato, Cottabato). 
Kotelni : isld., New Siberian Islands; Russ. OcTpoBi, KoTe.ibHHii = 

Ostrov Kotel'ni ; (not Kotelnoi, Kotelny). 
Kowloon : Hongkong ; conv. for Chin, j]^ f | = Kowlung (Wade, Chiu- 

lung) ; (not Kaulun). 
Krasnoyarsk : Siberia ; Russ. KpacnoapcKT. ; (not Krasnoiarsk). 
Kuala Lumpur: Selangor, Federated Malay States; Malay ^,jaj t\£ ; 

(not Kwala Lumpor). 
Kuche I Sinkiang, China; Chin, jf^ j|i (Wade, K'u-ch'e) ; Turki U./ 

= Kucha ; (not Kutcha, Kuchah). 
Kuchengtze : Sinkiang, China: Chin. "j£f i$, ^ (Wade, Ku-ch'cng-tzu) 
or ijJ- p" = Kitai (Wade, Ch'i-t'ai) ; Russ. IVreiri, = Guchen ; (not 
Gutchen). 
Kuerhlei : Sinkiang, China; Chin. J^ fff 1$} (Wade, K'u-crh-le) ; Turki 

ii \.£ = Kurla ; (not Koria, Kurli). 
Kuldja : Sinkiang, China; conv. (Russ. Ky.na'-iiu) for Turki aJjs = 
Qulja; Mongol Hi Hota ; Chin. Hf £1 = Ningyiian ; (not Mnyuan, 
Ningyuen). 
Kunlun : mts., Sinkiang-Tibet ; Chin. % %$ (Wade, K'un-lun) ; ^not 

Kwen Lun, Kuen Luen). 
Kupang : pr. Kupang : Timor, Dutch East Indies ; Malay xJjS ; Dutch 

Koepang. 

Kurdamir : Azerbaijan; Turk.^J ±j$ ; Russ. Riop ,i,;nnipi> = Kyurdamir. 

Kuril Islands : pr. Kuril : Japanese Empire : conv. (from Russ 

OcTpoBa Kypiuii.cide = Ostrova Kurll'skie) for Jap. =f- ^ = Chi- 

shiina ; (not Kurile). 

Kuta Raja: Sumatra; Achinese U^jS, pr. Kuta Raja; Malay J\j o^S, 

pr. Kota Raja ; Dutch Koeta Radja. 
Kwangchow: (French) China; Chin. Jf #1 (Wade, Kuang-chou) ; 
Fr. Kouang-tcheou or Quang-tcbeou ; (not Kuangchow, Kwangchau). 



SECOND GENERAL LIST OF ASIATIC NAMES. 7 

Kwangsi : prov., China ; Chin. ^ ]fl| ( Wade, Kuang-hsi) ; (not 

Kuangsi). 
Kwangtung : prov., China ; Chin. JH jf[ (Wade, Kuang-tung). 

Kweichow : prov., China; Chin. -^ >)]] (Wade, Kuei-chou) ; (not Kwei- 
chau). 

Kyakhta : Siberia-Mongolia; Russ. KflXTa; Turki-Tatar *^J>^= Kakht ; 
Chin, '[& j£ [I] = Kiakotu (Wade, Chia-k'e-t'u) or H j| $t = Mama- 
chin (Wade, Mai-mai-chen = " bazaar ") ; (not Kiachta, Maimatchin). 

Kyuko : Formosa; Jap. H $jc ; (not Kiuko, Kukan). 

Larnaca : pr. Larnaka : Cyprus ; conv. for Turk. aii.V = Larnaqa : 
Gr. Ati.pva£ = Larnax ; (not Larnaka, Larneca, Larnica). 

Laut : pr. La-ut: isld., Dutch East Indies ; Malay ojV ; Dutch Laoet. 

Leyte : isld., Philippine Islands ; conv. for Leite. 

Lhasa: pr. Hlasa : Tibet; Tib. a**r ; Chin. Ifjj S| = Lasa: (not 
Lhassa). ^ 

Limassol : pr. Limasol : Cyprus ; conv. for Turk. Jj,.,. v „.i = Limisol or 
^j~~+J = Limison ; Gr. Ae/x^o-cros = Lemessos, pr. Lemissos ; (not 
Limasol). 

Linapakan : pr. Linapakan : isld., Philippine Islands; U.S. off. and 
Sp. Linapacan. 

Lingga : isld., Dutch East Indies ; Malay (from Sanskrit) &•! or d&! : 

(not Linga). 
Lob Nor : lake, Sinkiang, China ; conv. (Mongol) ; Chin. jj|| ^fjj $j 

= Lopu Hu ; (not Lop Lake). 
Luzon : pr. Luzon : isld., Philippine Islands. 
Lyakhov, Great: isld., New Siberian Islands ; Russ. OcTpoB'b BoitmoB 

(or b.iiijniiii ) JEaxOBCKit = Ostrov Bolshoi (or Blijni) Lyakhovski ; 

(not Liakhov, Liakov, Blizhni). 
Lyakhov, Little: isld., New Siberian Islands; Russ. OcrpOBX Ma.n.ni 

.Iii\ui;cuii1 = Ostrov Mali Lyakhovski; (not Mali Island). 
Macao : conv. for Port. Macau ; Chin. gj| fEj = Aomen (Wade, Ao-men). 
Madura: pr. -Madura: isld., Dutch East Indies; Malay (from Sanskrit) 

\jj±» '• Dutch Madoera. 
Makran : dist., Persia- Baluchistan ; Pers. J\Jk<> ; (not Mekran). 
Manass : Sinkiang, China; Mongol ; Chin. $g ^ = Suilai. 
Manchuria: China; conv. for Chin, jjg ^| = Manchow ( Wade, Man- 

chou) : Chin. off. ]|T £ | = Tungsansheng | Wade, -sheng) ; Fr. 

Mandchourie; Ital. Manciuria; Ger. Mandschurei ; Russ. Maui.- 

'i',i;yj)i;i = Man'cbjuriya ; (nol Mantchuria). 
Manghishlaq : pen., Transcaspia; Turki-Tatar jiLli-j Russ. Man 

i'uiii.kiki. = Mangishlai ; (not Mangyshlak, Mangishlik). 
Maralbashi: Sinkiang, China; Turki ^AJI L ; Chin, g, *& = Pachu 

(Wade, Pa-ch'u); (not Mara] Bascbi). 

Marinduque : pr. Marinduke: isld., Philippine Islands; conv. for 
Marinduke. 

Mekong: riv., China Siam ludo-Cliina; conv. for Siam. wtJ tn*" 1*1}$ 
= Me nam kongj Chin. j$] $■ \£ = Lantsang Kiang {Wade, 
Lan-ts'ang Chiang) ; Tib. s-m- = Rdza Chhu, pr. I >za Ch-hu. 



8 SECOND GENERAL LIST OF ASIATIC NAMES. 

Menam Chao Bhraya: riv., Siam; Siam. uiitmn WfStn, and 

(upper part) U.SJU1 tntl = Menam Nan; (not Menam Chau Fya, 

Chow Phya, Menam, Bangkok River). 
MengtSZ : Yunnan, China; conv. for Chin, jj? g = Mengtze (Wade, 

Meng-tzii). 
Mongolia : China ; conv. (and Ital.) for Chin. |£? ^ = Mengku ; Pr. 

Mongolie; Ger. Mongol ei ; Russ. Monrovia = Mongoliya. 
Muji : pr. Muzhi : Siberia; Russ. Myaur, or MyiKimcKoe = Mujinskoe ; 

(not Mushinsk, Muschinsk). 
Mlina : isld., Dutch East Indies ; alt. Pangasane ; Dutch Moena. 
Muslimiya : Syria; Ar. iSjL~» ; (not Muslimie). 
Nakhichevan : Transcaucasia ; Russ. HaxuqeBani> ; Arm. %u.^./,^i-u.% 

= Nakhijevan ; Pers.-Turk. JijsP = Nakhjevan ; (not Nakhitche- 

van, Nakhichivan). 
Namangan : Russian Turkistan ; Turki JbLn ; Russ. HaMaHrain, ; (not 

Nemengan). 
Natuna : pr. Natiina : islds., Dutch East Indies ; Dutch Natoena. 
Nerchinsk: Siberia; Russ. HeplHHCKfc; (not Nertchinsk). 
New Siberian Islands : Siberia ; Russ. OcrpoBa HoBO-cn6npcKie = 

Ostrova Novo-Sibirskie, or 0. Aimy = O. Anju, pr. Anzhu ; (not 

Lyakhov, q.v.). 
Nicosia : pr. Nikosia : Cyprus ; conv. for Gr. AcvKwcria = Levkosia, pr. 

Lefkosia ; (not Nikosia, Leucosia). 
Novaya Sibir : pr. Novaya Sibir' : isld., New Siberian Islands ; Russ. 

HoBafi Cnoiipt; (not New Siberia). 
Ogasawara Jima : islds. (lat. 26°-28°, long. 142 -H3°), Japanese 
' Empire ; Jap. /^ ]| |. or g A I = Munin To ; Sp. Arzo- 

bispo ; (not Bonin Islands). 
Okinawa GuntO : islds. (lat. 26°-27° 10', long. 127°-129°) ; Japanese 

Empire ; Jap. fijl |i $$ % \ (not Tsubu Shoto, Great Liukiu, Great 

Luchu). 
Pagi : islds., Dutch East Indies ; Dutch Pageh or Pagai. 
Palawan : pr. Palawan : isld., Philippine Islands ; Sp. and form. U.S. 

Paragua. 
Panay : pr. Panai : isld., Philippine Islands ; conv. for Panai. 
Persia : conv. (and Ital. from Lat.) for Pers. ^1 = Iran ; Ar. ^ *% 

= Bilad al 'Ajam; Turk. u l^*sf = 'Ajemistan ; Fr. Perse; Ger. 

Persien. 
Pescadores : islds., Japanese Empire ; conv. (Sp.) for Jap. %, $$ $£ 

llg (or $$) = Hoko Gunto ; also Hoko Ret (£lj) to and Hoko To ; 

Chin. }|£ $J = Penghu (Wade, P'eng-hu) ; (not Pescadore). 
Pinan: Formosa; Jap. ^ $j or j| ^ = Taito ; (not Pinamu, Hinan). 
Pontianak: pr. Pontiana(k): Borneo; Malay jSL: J, prop. = Pontianaq ; 

Dutch Pontijan.ik. 
Prjevalsk: pr. Przheval'sk : Siberia; Russ. np;i;eBajiK'Ki. ; Turki Jy \J 
= Qara Qol ; (not Przhevalski, Karakol). 



SECOND GENERAL LIST OF ASIATIC NAMES. 9 

Qain : Persia ; Pers. ^li ; (not Kain, Kaian). 

Qara Boghaz : gulf , Transcaspia ; Turki j±y \J , Russ. :ia.iin:i, Kapa- 

6yra3CEi8 = Zaliv Karabugazski ; Pers. I, , L5 »T= Aji Darya ; (not 

Karabugas. Adji Dana). " 

Qara Qum: desert, Transcaspia; Turki ^ \J • Russ. Kapa KyMl = 
Kara Kum. 

Qara Urghan : Turkey ; Turk. \^ J3 \ ij ; Russ. Kapaypram, = Kara- 
urgan. 

Qizil Qum : desert, Russian Turkistan; Turk, ^ ^J, ; Russ. Ki,j:;i,i.i i, 
I>\ m i, = Kizil Kuui ; (not Kjsyl Koum). 

Qizil Uzun: riv., Persia; Turk. u j,1 J^ ; Pers. (lower portion) ^. y^ 

= Sefld Rud (q.v.) ; (not Kizil Uzen). 
Ragay: gulf, Luzon, Philippine Islands; conv. for Ragai. 

Rhio : islds., Dutch East Indies ; conv. for Malay j, . = Riau ; Dutch 
Riouw and Rijau. 

Rokuko: pr.Rok-k6: Formosa ;' Chin.-Jap. }g $f, Chin. Lukiang ( Wade, 
Lu-chiang); (not Rokko, Rokan, Rokange, Lokiang, Lokung). 

Ryukyu : archipelago (including Amami, Okinawa, and Sakishima, q.v.), 
Japanese Empire; Chin.-Jap. gfc ^ , Chin. Liukiu (Wade, Liu- 
ch'iu) : Jap. also j£j ]§ |f |* = Nansei Shoto ; (not Riukiu, Luchu, 
Loochoo, Lew-chew). 

Sakishima Gunto or Retto : islds. (kit. 24°-25°, long. 123°-126 ), 
Japanese Empire; Jap. % (or & ;£) % $£ % or £|J % ; (not 
Sakisima, Nambu Shoto, Meiaco-Shna, Miyako-Jima). 

Salween : riv., China-Burma; conv. for Burm. OOCO& = Thanlwin ; 
Siam. LLJJ til A3 = Me nam kong ; Chin. $& j£ = Lu Kiang ( Wade, 
Lu Chiang) ; (not Salwin). 

Samarqand : Russian Turkistan ; Turki jj^*-- ; Russ. C;iMapKan,i,i> = 

Samarkand. 
Savu : pr. S ; ivu or Sawn : islds., Dutch East Indies ; Dutch Savoe or 

Sawoe. 
Sebu : pr. Sebu : isld.. Philippine Islands; U.S. off. and Sp. Cebu ; (not 

Zebu). 

Sefld Rud : riv., Persia; Pers. s*j .vJu- ; Turk, (upper portion) ^\.\ Vp 
= Qizil Uzun (q.v.). 

Semipalatinsk : Siberia; Russ. Ce.MiiiiajiaTiiHCKi. ; Turki Tatar ^^ 
j)/jj = Simi Pulad ; (not Semipolatinsk). 

Semiryechensk : prov., Russian Turkistan; Russ. Ce.uilpr.'U'lirua;! 
oo.iai-ri. = Semiryechenskaya ohlast' ; (not Seniiictchensk, Semi- 
rietchinsk, Zemiryetchensk). 

Shansi : prov., China; Chin. |_I | [Jlf (Wade, Shan-hsi). 

Sharasume : Mongolia; Chin. ^ ft ^ = Chenghwasze (Wade, Ch'Sng 

hua-s.su) J (not Tulta, Altai). 

Sheikh Sa'id : cape, Arabia; Ar. j^ua &JL ; (not Shekh Syed). 
Shensi : prov., China ; conv. for Chin. |(*J^ $} = Shansi (Wade, Shan-hsi). 



10 SECOND GENERAL LIST OF ASIATIC NAMES. 

Shigatse: Tibet; Tib. *J|^sri" prop. = Ghshisrtse; Chin, jflj 1fa $C = 

Siketze (Wade, Hsi-ke-tzu) ; (not Shigatze, Gigatze). 
Shinchiku : Formosa; Chin.-Jap. j$\ fj, Chin. Sinchu (Wade, Hsin- 

chu) ; (not Shinteku, Teukchan). 
Shuleh : Sinkiang, China ; Chin. $jft jj^j ( Wade, Shu-le) ; Turki j^ J^j 

= Yangishahr ; (not Yangi Shar). 
Siberia : con v. (and Ital.) for Russ. CnGnpi> = Sibir, pr. Sibir' ; Fr. 

Siberie ; Ger. Sibirien ; Chin. ]§ J£ 7flJ j£ = Sipiliya ( Wade, Hsi-pi- 

li-ya). 
Siberut : pr. Siberut : isld., Dutch East Indies ; Dutch Groot Fortuin 

or Siberoet ; (not Mentawei, N. Pora). 
Sikihor : pr. Sikihor : isld., Philippine Islands ; U.S. off. and Sp. 

Siquijor ; (not Sikijor). 
Simalur : pr. Simalur : isld., Dutch East Indies ; Malay^L- or^jll*^, 

also A> J>£ = Pulau Babi ; Dutch Sirneuloe or Simaloer ; (not "Si 

Maloo, Siinulu, Hog Island). 
Sinkiang: territory, China; Chin. %f\ ij|| (Wade, Hsin-chiang) off. for 

Chinese Turkistan ; (not Eastern Turkistan, Kashgaria). 
Sipora : pr. Sipora or Sipura : isld., Dutch East Indies ; alt. Sikabau, 

pr. Sikabau ; Dutch also Sipoera ; (not Z. Pora). 
Sir Darya : riv. 3 Russian Turkistan ; Pers. -Turki \jjO j~», or ^^ = 

Slhun ; Russ. Cup'L ]I,apLJi ; Lat. Jaxartes ; (not Syr Daria). 
Skobelev : pr. Skobyelyef : Russian Turkistan ; Russ. CKo6e.ieBb; form. 

IIoBMit MapreJiain, = ISTovi Margelan ; Turki j^l* = Miirghelan or 

^j\i-j* = Marghilan ; (not Skobeleff, New Margelan). 
Sryetensk : Siberia; Russ. CpfcreHCit'i.; (not Strietensk). 
Suiting: Sinkiang, China; Chin. |£ fc \ Mongol Hi; Russ. OyiUyirb = 

Suidun. 1 1 n 

Sukhum : Georgia; conv. (Russ. Cyxyai'h) for Geor. b^b ,j r|c)o = 

Sukhumi ; (not Sukhum Kale). O O 

Sula : pr. Sula : islds., Dutch East Indies ; Dutch Soela ; (not Xulla). 
Sumba : isld., Dutch East Indies ; Malay (from Sanskrit) L»-., also 

^Xs- = Chendana ; Dutch, Soemba or Tjendana. 
Sungari : riv., Manchuria; Russ. (from Manchu) Cynrapn ; Chin. 

%k ^L tt = Sunghwa Kiang (Wade, Sung-hua Chiang). 
Su6 : Formosa; Chin-Jap. H£ $f| , Chin. Suao ; (not So-o, Sao). 
Syria : conv. (Lat. from Gr. %vpia) for Ar. and Turk, 'ifjy = Suriya, or 

*li. = Sham; Heb. D^ = Aram ; Fr. Syrie ; Ital. Siria ; Ger. 

Syrien. 
Szechwan : prov., China; Chin. P9 Jl| (Wade, Ssii-ch'uan) ; (not 

Siichwan, Szechuen). 
Tahcheng: Mongolia; Chin. Jg ;£$ (Wade, T'a-ch'eng) ; Mongol 

Chuguchak ; (not Sui-ching-ch'eng, Tarbagatai, Chugutschak). 
Taichu : Formosa; Jap. j| f£« ; form. Chin. j| $§ = Taiwan (Wade, 

T'ai-wan). 
Taif: pr. Ta-if : Arabia; Ar. i__iSlL. 
Taihoku : Formosa; Chin. Jap. ^ ;Jfc,, Chin. Taipeh (Wade, T'ai-pei) ; 

(not Taipe, Taipak). 



SECOND GENERAL LIST OF ASIATIC NAMES. 11 

Taimir: pr. Taimoir: pen., Siberia; Russ. Tari.MMpi, ; (not Taimyr). 

Takloban : pr. Takloban : Leite, Philippine Islands ; U.S. and Sp. 
Tacloban. 

Talaur: islds., Dutch East Indies; alt, Talaut, Salibabu ; Dutch 
Talauer, Talaut, Salibaboe ; (not Tulur). 

Tanjong Pandan : pr. Tanjong Pandan : Belitong, Dutch East Indies ; 
Malay sJ Aj^ ; Dutch Tandjoeng Pandan. 

Tansui: Formosa; Chin.-Jap. jfe 7JC, Chin. Tamshui {Wade, Tan-shui) ; 

(not Tamsui, Hobe, Hobei). 
Tarim: riv., Sinkiang, China; Turki jjj, <>r \i jA xSj* = Yarkand 

Darya ; Chin. jg flj yfC ftj = Talimu Ho. 
Tashkent: Russian Turkistan; Russ. TaiiiKeim.; Turki oJwtt, or 

X&AJ = Tashkend. 
Telanjang : pr. Telanjang : isld., Dutch East Indies ; Malay jLs& ; 

Dutch Telandjang ; Port. Engano ; (not Telanchang, Enggano). 
Thaddaeus Island: New Siberian Islands; Kuss. Octpobi, OajweeB- 

citifi = Ostrov Faddeevski ; (not Fadeiev, Fadejev, Fadeyef). 

Tibet : conv. for Tib. 3f^- = Hod, pr. colloq. Pb" ; Chin. ^ $g = 
Sitsang {Wade, Hsi-ts'ang) ; Turki oLo=Tibat ; (not Thibet). 

Tien Shan: mts., Sinkiang-Russian Turkistan ; Chin. ^ ]\] , {Wade, 
T'ien-shan) ; Russ. Tiiiir.-maiii, = Tyan'-shan' ; (not Thian Schan, 
lian Shan). 

Tikao: isld., Philippine Islands; U.S. oft. and Sp. Ticao. 

Tokara Gunto: islds. (lat. 29°-30°, long. 129°-130°), Japanese Empire: 
Jap. ± V% liflj #£ fa , or ?pj j§ Jfc fa = Kawabe Shichito ; form. 
Linschoten, Pinnacle, Cecille Islds. ; (notTakara, Togara, Linshoten). 

Toko: Formosa; Chin.-Jap. ^ $fc , Chin. Tungkiang {Wade, Tung- 
chiang) ; (nut Tankan, Tokogai). 

Transcaspia: conv. for Russ. 3aKaciiificKaa o6jacTb = Zakaspiskaya 

oblast, pr. Zakaspiskaya oblast' ; (not Zakaspia). 

Tsangpo: riv., Tibet; Tib. *|5^-zf- prop. = Ghtsangpo ; (no! Tsanpo, 

•Sanpo). 
Turfan: Sinkiang, China; Turki u l,> : Chin. P+ & 3| = Tulufan 

{Wade, T'u lu-fan). 

Turkmanchai : Persia; Turk. ^IdlSj ; (not Turkomanchai, Turk- 
tnenchai). 

Tyumen: pr. Tyumen': Siberia; Kuss. Tk. Mem,; (not Tinmen). 

Ulee Lhbe : pr. Ule-e Lh5-e : Sumatra; Axhinese J J.l (prop = Ulu 
Lhi); Dutch Oele Lheue ; (not Olehleh). ~ 

Uliassutai: pr. CTlyasutai: Mongolia; conv. for Mongol Ulasutai; 

Russ. .v.i i( ,yiai1 = CTlyasutai ; Chin. J§ ]g ffi jg £ = Wuliyasutai 

{Wade, W u-li-ya-su-t'ai) ; (not CJliasutai). 
Urga: Mongolia; conv. (Russ. Ypra) for Mongol Orgo ; loc, Da BfirSor 

Bogdo BurS; Chin, jfi fjft = Kulun {Wade, K'u-lun); (not Ourga). 



12 SECOND GENERAL LIST OF ASIATIC NAMES. 

Urumtsi : Sinkiang, China ; conv. for Turki ( _s°< ,j\ = Urumchi ; Chin. 

jlh { t = Tihwa (Wade, Ti-hua) ; (not Urumtshi, Urumtschi). 
Ussuri : riv., Siberia-Manchuria; Russ. (from Manchu) yccypn ; Chin. 

J| M M M = Wusuli Ho ; (not Usuri). 
Vilyuisk : Siberia; Russ. BujuoiicKT.; (not Viliouisk). 
Volcano Islands: (lat. 24°-26°, long. i41°-142°), Japanese Empire; 

conv. for Jap. fa |Jj ^lj ^ = Kazan (or Kwazan) Retto or 

/§£]!{ ^ = Io Jima (Sulphur Islands) ; (not Vulcan, Dionisio). 
Vyerni : Russian Turkistan; Russ. BfepHtifi; Turki J'UI = Almati ; 

(not Vernv, Vyernyi, Vernoye, Vernoie). 
Waigeu : pr. Waige-u : isld. , Dutch East Indies ; Dutch Waigeoe ; (not 

Waigeo, Waigiu). 
Wushih : Sinkiang, China ; Chin. J§ \ | ; Turki Jujo -j\ = Uch 

Turfan ; (not Utch Tourfan). 
WUSU : Sinkiang, China ; Chin. ^ |^ : form. £| l£ = Kweitun ( Wade, 

Kuei-t'un) ; (not Kweitung). 
Yakutsk: Siberia; Russ. HKYTCin, ; (not Yakoutsk, Jakutsk). 
Yamal : pen., Siberia ; Russ. H-Mait ; (not Yalmal). 
Yangihissar : Sinkiang, China ; Turki J U=» ^L ; Chin. ^ 7§ ffi = 

Yingkisha (Wade, Ying-chi-sha ) ; (not Yanghi, Jangi Hissar). 
Yangtze Kiang : riv., China; Chin. ^ T* tC (Wade, Yang-tzu 

Chiang) and (upper part) # : fy \£ = Kinsha Kiang (Wade, Chin-sha 

Chiang) ; Tib. ^' & = Hbri Chhu, pr. Bri Ch-hu ; (not Yang-tsze). 

Yarkand : Sinkiang, China; Turki xSj> ; Chin. ^ ^ = Soche (Wade, 

So-ch'e). 
Yehcheng : Sinkiang, China; Chin. % jffi, (Wade, Yeh-ch'eng) ; Turki 

J-SUAi = Qarghaliq ; (not Karg ilic, Kharghaliq, Kagilik). 
Yeniseisk: Siberia: Russ. EHiiceftcKi. ; (not Enisseisk). 
Yunnan : prow, China ; Chin. || $j (Wade, Yiin-nan). 
Yutien : Sinkiang, China; Chin. =f ft] (Wade, Yii-t'ien) ; Turki \>j = 

Keriya ; (not Keria, Kerija). 



FIRST GENERAL LIST OF ASIATIC NAMES. 



CORRIGENDUM. 

p. 7. For Takow, etc., r/ead as follows : — 

Takao : Formosa : Jap. jg £f ; Chin. tT #>J = Takow 
(Wade, Ta-kou) ; (not Takau). 



LONDON: PRINTED BY WM. CLOWES AND SONS. LTD.. DUKE STREET. STAMFORD STREET, S.E.I. 



/ 

PERMANENT COMMITTEE ON GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES 
FOR BRITISH OFFICIAL USE. 



FIRST GENERAL LIST OF NAMES IN 
THE EMPIRE OF INDIA. 



Published for the Permanent Committee on Geographical Names by the 
Boyal Geographical Society, Kensington Gore, London, S.W.I. 
May, 1924. 

Pbice Sixpence. 



The Permanent Committee on Geographical Names, having resolved to 
adopt for Indian names the spellings of the Survey of India, which follows 
those of the Imperial Gazetteer, has compiled the following List of Names 
for the benefit of those persons to whom these voluminous authorities are 
not readily accessible. 

The List has been revised by the Surveyor-General of India. 

It will be seen that a great number of the names are spelt conven- 
tionally, i.e. not in accordance with the R.G.S. II. System ; and wherever 
possible the correct version according to that system has been added. 
It has not been considered necessary in this List to take up space by 
giving the spelling in native characters. 

The long vowels have been marked exactly as in the Imperial 
Gazetteer. These long signs are not intended for ordinary use, but serve 
to show the correct native pronunciation. It must be noted that " a," if 
not marked in the List with the long sign, is pronounced like the a in 
butt. The conventional pronunciation prevalent among Europeans and 
many natives often disregards the length of the vowels, e.g. Himalaya 
is conventionally pronounced as Himaleya, Hyderabad as Haidarobiid. 

The Introductory Notes to the Imperial Gazetteer call attention to 
two points. "In the first place, the Arabic k, a strong guttural, has 
been represented by h instead of q, which is often used. Secondly,, it 
should be remarked that aspirated consonants are common, and, in 
particular, dh and //* (except in Burma) never have the sound of /// in 
' this ' or ' thin,' but should be pronounced as in ' woodhouse ' and ' boat- 
hook.'" Similarly, l>lt should be pronounced as in 'cabhorse.' AYith 
regard to Burmese, " gy is pronounced almost like j in 'jewel': ky is 
pronounced like ch in 'church': th is pronounced in some cases as in 
' this,' in some cases as in ' thin ' : w after a consonant has the force of 
mo: thus, ywa and pwe arc disyllables, pronounced as if written yutoa 
and puicc. It should also be noted that, whereas in Indian words the 
accent or stress is distributed almosl equally <>n each syllable, in 
Burmese tln-re is a tendency to throw special stress on the last syllable." 

Edward Gleiciikn, Maj. <ien., 
Koyal Geographical Society, Chairman, P. C.G.N. 

Kensington Gore, 

Lotidon, S.W. 1. 



2 FIRST GENERAL LIST OF NAMES IN THE EMPIRE OF INDIA. 

ABBREVIATIONS, Etc. 

alt alternative. j Lat Latin. 

B. & Bihar and Orissa. loc local(ly) 

Chin Chinese. 

C.I Central India. 

conv conventional. 

C.P Central Provinces. 

{list district. pop popularly. 

■div division. pr pronounced 

form formerly. 

Fr French. 

isld island. 

Ital Italian. 



mt(s) mountain(s). 

N.W.F.P. . . . North- West Fron- 
tier Province, 
pen peninsula. 



prop properly. 

riv river. 

U.P United Provinces. 



For the R.G.S. II. System, see Gcog. Jour., Jan. 1921, Vol. LVII, pp. 40-43; or 
an explanatory leaflet can be had on application to the Assistant, P.C.G.N., Royal 
Geographical Society. 

Adilabad : Hyderabad ; (not Edalabad, Edlabad). 

Ahmadabad : Bombay ; (not Ahmedabad). 

Ahmadnagar : Bombay ; (not Ahmednagar, Abmednuggur, Achmed- 

nuggur). 
Ajaigarh : C.I. ; conv. for Ajayagarh ; (not Ajaygarh). 
Ajmer : pr. Ajmir : Ajmer-Merwara ; (not Ajmere). 
Ajodhya : U.P. ; conv. for Ayodhyii ; (not Ajudhia, Oudh). 
Akyab : Lower Burma ; loc. Sit-twe. 
Aligarh : U.P. ; (not Aligurh). 
Alipore : Calcutta, Bengal ; conv. for Allpur. 
Allpur : Bengal ; ditto, Punjab ; (not Alipore). 
Allahabad : U.P. ; conv. for Ilahabad ; Hindu Prayag. 
Alleppey : Travancore, Madras States ; conv. for Alapulai ; (not 

Alleppi, Aleppi, Alapolai, Aulapolai, Alapalli, Alappula). 
Alwar : Bajputana ; (not Alwur). 
Ambala : Punjab ; (not Umballa). 
Ambela : N.W.F.P. ; (not Ambeyla, Umbeyla). 
AmraotI : pr. J.mrauti: Berar; conv. for Amaravatr ; (not Umrawati, 

Amrawutti, Umrawutty, Oomrawuttee). 
Amritsar : Punjab ; (not Amritsir, Umritsir, Umritsur). 
Anantapur : Madras ; conv. for Anantapuramu ; (not Anantpur). 
Angul : B. & O. ; (not Ungul). 

Arakan : div., Lower Burma ; conv. for Yakhaing ; (not Aracan, Arracan). 

ArCOt : Madras ; conv. for Arkadu ; (not Arukati). 

Assam : province ; conv. for Asama ; (not Asam). 

Attock : Punjab ; conv. for Atak. 

Aurangabad : Hyderabad ; (not Aurungabad). 

Azamgarh : U.P. ; (not Azimghur). 

Backergunge : dist., Bengal; conv. for Bfikarganj. 

Bahawalpur : Punjab States ; (not Bhawalpur). 

Balaghat : C.P. ; (not Balaghaut). 

Balasore : B & O. ; conv. for Bfileshwar ; (not Balasor). 

Ballia : U.P. ; conv. for Baliya. 

Bally : Bengal ; conv. for Bali. 

Ballygunge : Calcutta, Bengal; conv. for Baliganj. 



FIRST GENERAL LIST OF NAMES IN THE EMPIRE OF INDIA. 3 

Baluchistan : (not Beluchistan, Biluchistan, Beloochistan). 

Banda: U.P. 

Bangalore : Mysore ; conv. for Bengaliiru ; (not Bengalur). 

Banganapalle : Madras States ; (not Banganapilly, Banaganapalli). 

Bangaon : Bengal ; conv. for Banagram ; (not Bongong). 

Bankapur: Bombay. 

Bankipore : B. & O. ; conv. for Bankipur. 

Bankura : Bengal ; (not Bancoora). 

Bannu : N.W.P.P. ; form. Dalipnagar; (not Banu, Edwardesabad). 

Baranagar : Bengal ; conv. for BarahaDagar ; (not Barnagar, Barnagore). 

Bareilly : U.P. ; conv. for Bareli. 

Barisal : Bengal ; (not Burrisol, Burrisaul). 

Barrackpore : Bengal ; conv. ; (not Barrackpur). 

Bashahr : state, Punjab ; (not Bashabar, Basahar, Bussabir). 

Basim : Berar ; alt. Washim ; (not Wasim). 

Bassein : Lower Burma ; conv. for Pathein. 

Bassein : Bombay ; conv. for Vasai. 

Belgaum : Bombay ; conv. for Belgaon ; (not Belgam). 

Bellary : pr. Belliiri : Madras ; conv. for Ballari. 

Benares : U.P. ; conv. for Banaras ; form. VaranasI ; alt. Kasl. 

Bengal : conv. for Bangala ; Pr. Bengale ; Ital. Bengala. 

Berhampore : Bengal ; conv. for Bahrfimpur ; (not Berbampur, Bar- 
bampur). 

Berhampur : Madras ; conv. for Brabmapuramu ; (not Berbampore, 

Brahmapur). 
Betul : C.P. ; (not Baitul). 

Beypore : Madras ; conv. for Beppur ; (not Beypur, Beipur). 
Bhagalpur : B. & O. ; (not Bbaglipur). 

Bhamo : Upper Burma ; conv. for Bamaw ; (not Bamo, Bhanmo). 
Bhandara : C.P. ; (not Bhundara). 

Bharatpur : pr. Blutrtpor : Rajputana ; (not Bhartpur, Bburtpur). 
Bhaunagar : Bombay ; conv. for Bbavnagar ; (not Bhownuggur). 
Bhir : Hyderabad ; (not Bir, Bid). 
Bhopal : CI. ; conv. for Bbupal ; (not Bhopaul). 
Bhuj : Bombay ; (not Bhooj). 
Bhutan : state ; (not Bhotan, Bootan). 
Bihar : B. &, 0. ; (not Behar, Bahar). 
Bijapur : Bombay ; conv. for Vijayapur ; (not Visiapur). 
Bijawar : C.I. ; (not Bejour). 
Bijnor : U.P. ; conv. for Bijnaur. 

Bikaner : pr. Brkanir : Rajputana ; (not Bikanir, Bickttneer). 
Birbhum : dist., Bengal ; (not Beerbboom). 

Bissamcuttack : Madras ; conv. for Bissemkatak or Bishamakatak. 
Bogra : Bengal ; conv. for Baguia. 
Bombay : conv. for Mumbai. 
Brahmaputra: riv., Bengal and Assam; (not Brahmapootra, Burram- 

pooter). 
Broach : Bombay ; conv. for Bbariich j (not Baroach, Bharoch). 



4 FIRST GENERAL LIST OF NAMES IN THE EMPIRE OF INDIA. 

Budaun : U.P. ; conv. for Badayim. 

Budge-Budge : Bengal; conv. for Baj-Baj. 

Bulandshahr: U.P. ; conv. for Balandshahr ; form. Baran ; (not Bulund- 

shahur). 
Bundelkhand : tract, U.P. and C.I. ; (not Bimdelcund, Boondelcund). 
Bundi : Rajputana ; (not Boondee). 

Burdwatl : Bengal ; conv. for Bardhaman ; (not Bardwan). 
Burma : conv. for Burm. Myanma, pr. Bama ; Chin. Mien ; Fr. 

Birmanie or Barmanie ; Ital. Birmania ; (not Burmah). 
Buxar : B. & O. ; conv. for Baksar ; (not Baxar), 
Cachar : dist., Assam ; conv. for Kachar ; (not Kashar). 
Calcutta : Bengal ; conv. for Kalikata. 
Calicut : Madras ; conv. for Kolikod or Kozhikkot. 
Calimere, Point : cape, Madras ; conv. for Kallimed, or Kodikarai. 
Calingapatam : Madras ; conv. for Kalingapatnam ; (not Kalingapatam). 
Cambay : Bombay ; conv. for Kbambfiyat or Khambhat ; (not Kambay). 
Camorta : isld., Nicobar Islands ; conv. ; native Nankauri ; (not 

Kamorta, Karmorta, Car Morta). 
Campbellpore : Punjab ; conv. for Kamilpur ; (not Campbellpur). 
Cannanore : Madras ; conv. for Kannur ; (not Kannanur, Kananur). 
Cardamom Hills : Travancore, Madras States ; native Elamala. 
Carnatic : country, Madras ; conv. for Karnataka or Karnata ; (not 

Karnatic, Karnatik). 
Car Nicobar : isld., Nicobar Islands ; conv. ; native Pu ; (not Kar 

Nicobar, Car Nikobar). 
Cauvery: riv., Coorg, Mysore, Madras ; conv. for Kaveri ; (not Cavery). 
Cawnpore : U.P. ; conv. for Kanpur ; (not Cawnpur). 
Chagai : hills and dist., Baluchistan; (not Chageh). 
Chamba : Punjab States ; (not Chumba). 
Champaran : dist., B. & O. ; (not Chumparun). 
Chanda: C.P. 

Charkhari : C.I. ; (not Charkari, Chirkharee). 
Chenab : riv., Punjab ; (not Chinab, Chenaub). 
Chhatarpur: C.I. ; (not Chatterpur, Chutturpore, Chuttrapore). 
Chhindwara : C.P. ; (not Chindwara, Sindwara). 
Chicacole : Madras ; conv. for Srikakulam ; (not Cicacole). 
Chindwin : riv., Upper Burma ; (not Kyendwin). 
Chingleput : Madras ; conv. for Sengalunlrpattu or Chengalpattu ; 

(not Chengalpat, Changalpat). 
Chitaldroog : Mysore ; conv. for Chitrakaldurga ; (not Chitaldrug, 

Chitteldrug,' Chitradurg, Chitaldurg). 
Chitpur : Calcutta, Bengal ; (not Chitpore). 

Chittagong : Bengal ; conv. for Chattagram ; form. Islamabad. 
Chittoor : North Arcot, Madras ; conv. for Chittiiru ; (not Chittor). 
Chittur : Cochin, Madras States ; (not Chittoor). 
Chota Nagpur: div., B. & O. ; conv. for Chhota Nagpur ; (not 

Chuta, Chutia Nagpore). 
Circars, Northern : old divs., Madras ; conv. for Sarkars. 



FIRST GENERAL LIST OP NAMES IN THE EMPIRE OF INDIA. 5 

Closepet : Mysore ; conv. ; (not Closepett). 

Cocanada : Madras ; conv. for Kakinada ; (not Coconada). 

Cochin : Madras States ; conv. for Kochchi. 

COCOS : islds., lower Burma ; conv. 

Coimbatore: Madras; conv. for Koyamuttur or Koyambattfir ; (not 

Koimbatur, Koyimbatur). 
Colair : lake, Madras; conv. for Kolleru or Kolar; (not Kolair). 
Coleroon : riv., Madras ; conv. for Kollidam ; (not Kolladam). 
Colgong : B. & O. ; conv. for Kahalgaon. 
Comilla : Bengal ; conv. for Kumilla ; (not ComilJah). 
Comorin : cape, Travancore, Madras States ; conv. for Kanniyakurnari. 
Conjeeveram : Madras ; conv. for Kanchlpuram ; (not Conjevaiam, 

Conjeveram, Kanjippuram). 
Contai : Bengal ; conv. for Kanthi ; (not Kontai). 
Cooch Behar : Bengal ; conv. for Kuch Bihar ; (not Kuch Behar). 
Coondapoor : Madras ; conv. for Kundapiir ; (not Coondapur). 
Coonoor : Madras ; conv. for Kunnur. 
Coorg : conv. for Kodagu ; (not Kurg). 
Cooum : riv., Madras ; conv. for Kuvam ; (not Coom). 
Coringa : Madras ; conv. for Korangi ; (not Koringa, Kuranga). 
Coromandel Coast : Madras ; conv. for Cholamandalam ; (not 

Karumanal). 
Cossimbazar : Bengal ; conv. for Kasimbazar. 
Cossipore : Calcutta, Bengal ; conv. for Kashfpur ; (not Cossipur, 

Kosipur). 
Covelong : Madras ; conv. for Kovalam ; (not Kovalong). 
Cuddalore : Madras; conv. for Kudal fir ; (not Gudalur). 
Cuddapah : Madras ; conv. for Kadapa ; form. Kurpah. 
Cumbum : Madras ; conv. for Kambhamu. 
Cutch : state, Bombay ; conv. for Kachchh ; (not Kutch, Catch, Katch, 

Kachh). 
Cuttack : B. & O. ; conv. for Kataka ; (not Katak). 
Dacca : Bengal ; conv. for Dhaka. 
Dafla : hills, Assam ; (not Daphla, Duma). 
Damoh : C.P. ; (not Dumoh). 
Daosa : Kajputana ; (not Dosa, Dausa). 

Darbhanga : B. &0.; (not Darbhangah, Durbunga, Dharabhanga). 
Darjeeling: Bengal; conv. for Eidorje gling ; (not Darjiling). 
Darrang : dist., Assam; (not Durrung). 
Datia : C.I. ; (not Datiya, Dufctia). 

Daulatabad : Eyderabad; form. Deogiri j (not Dowlatabad). 
Deccan: country, Hyderabad, Madras, Mysore; conv. lor Dakshin; (not 

Dekkan, Dcjkhan). 
Deesa : Bombay; conv. for Dlsa. 

Dehra Dun: dist. (not town, which is Dehra), U.P. ; (n<>i Dehra Doon). 
Delhi: Punjab \ conv. for Dehll or l>illi. 

Delly, Mount: cape, Madras ; conv. for Mount d'Eli; (not l>illi, Ivli). 
Dharampur : Bombay; (not Dharampore, Dhurrumpur). 



6 FIRST GENERAL LIST OP NAMES IN THE EMPIRE OP INDIA. 

Dharwar : Bombay ; conv. for Dharvad ; (not Darwar). 

Dig : Rajputana ; (not Deeg). 

Dinajpur : Bengal ; (not Dinagepoor, Dinagepore). 

Dinapore : B. & O. ; conv. for Danapur ; (not Dinapur). 

Dlpalpur : Punjab ; conv. for Dibalpur or Deobalpur. 

Duars : tracts, Bengal and Assam ; (not Dooars, Dwars). 

Kllichpur : Berar ; conv. for Elichpur or Ilichpur. 

Ellora : Hyderabad ; conv. for Vend ; (not Elura). 

Ellore : Madras; conv. for Elfir or Yeluru. 

Ennore : Madras ; conv. for Ennfir ; prop. Kattivakkam. 

Erode : Madras ; conv. for Irddu ; (not Irod). 

Etah : U.P. ; conv. for Eta ; (not Itab). 

Etawa: C.P. 

Etawah : U.P. ; conv. for Itawa or Itawa ; (not Etawa). 

Falta : Bengal ; (not Fulta). 

Faridkot : Punjab States ; (not Furridkote). 

Faridpur : Bengal ; ditto, U.P. ; (not Furidpur). 

Farrukhabad : U.P. ; (not Farukhabad, Furruckabad). 

Fatahabad : Punjab ; conv. for Fath abad ; (not Fatehabad, Futtehabad). 

Fatehabad : U.P. ; conv. for Fath abaci ; (not Fatahabad). 

Fatehgarh : U.P. ; conv. for Fathgarh ; (not Fattegarh, Futteghur). 

Fatehpur: U.P.; conv. for Fathpur ; (not Futtehpur,Fathipur,Fathepur). 

Fenny : riv. and town, Bengal ; conv. for Pheni. 

Ferozepore : Punjab ; conv. for Firiizpur. 

Ferozeshah : Punjab ; conv. for Phariishahr ; (not Ferozeshahr, 

Firozshah). 
Fyzabad : U.P. ; conv. for Faiziibad. 

Gandak : riv., B. & O. ; (not Gundak, Gunduk). 

Ganges : riv., U.P., B. & O., Bengal; conv. (Lat.) for Ganga. 

Gangtok : Sikkim ; (not Gantak, Guntok). 

Ganjam : Madras. 

Garai : riv., Bengal ; (not Gorai). 

Garhwal : dist., U.P. ; (not Gurhwal). 

Garo Hills : dist., Assam ; (not Garrow). 

Gauhati : Assam ; (not Gowhatty). 

Gaur : Bengal ; (not Gour). 

Gawllgarh : Berar ; (not Gawilgadh, Gawelghur). 

Gaya : B. & O. ; (not Gya). 

Geonkhali : Bengal ; (not Gewankhali, Kaukhali, Cowcolly). 

Georgegarh : Punjab ; native Jahazgarh. 

Ghats: mts., Bombay, Hyderabad, Madras, Mysore; (not Ghauts). 

Ghoraghat : Bengal ; conv. for Goraghat. 

Ghusurl : Howrah, Bengal ; (not Ghoosery, Ghusri). 

Gilgit : Kashmir ; (not Gilghit). 

Gingee : Madras ; conv. for Gingi ; (not Jingi). 

Goalpara: Assam. 

Gobindpur : B. & O. ; conv. for Govindpur ; (not Gobindapur). 

Godavari : riv., Bombay, Hyderabad, Madras ; (not Godavery). 



FIRST GENERAL LIST OF NAMES IN THE EMPIRE OF INDIA. 7 

Gogra : riv., U.P. ; conv. for Grhagra ; Sanskrit Gharghara ; alt. Sarju. 

Golconda : Hyderabad ; conv. for Golkonda. 

Golgonda : Madras ; conv. for Golugonda. 

Gonda : U.P. 

Goomsur : Madras ; conv. for Giinisur or Ghumsara. 

Gooty : Madras ; conv. for Gutti. 

Gorakhpur : U.P. ; (not Goruckpur, Goruckpore). 

Gulbarga : Hyderabad ; (not Gulburga, Kulbarga). 

Gwalior : C.I. ; conv. for Gopadri or Gopagiri ; (not Gwaliar, Gwalher). 

Hailakandi : Assam ; (not Hylakandi). 

Hajlpur : B. & O. ; (not Hajypoor). 

Hamirpur : U.P. ; (not Humirpur, Humeerpoor). 

Hanthawaddy : dist., Lower Burma ; conv. for Hanthawadi. 

Hardoi : U.P. ; (not Hurdoi). 

Hassan : Mysore ; (not Hasan). 

Hazaribagh : B. & 0. ; (not Hazarybaugh). 

Henzada : Lower Burma ; conv. for Hintbada. 

Himalayas, The : nits. ; prop. The Himalaya ; pop. (but wrongly) pr. 

Himaleyas. 
Honavar : Bombay ; (not Honawar, Honore, Onore). 
Hooghly : riv. and town, Bengal ; conv. for Hugli ; (not Hoogly). 
Hoshangabad : C.P. ; (not Hoshungabad, Husangabad). 
Hoshiarpur : Punjab ; (not Hushiarpur). 
Hosur : Madras ; (not Oossoor). 
Howrah : Bengal ; conv. for Habra. 

Hyderabad : Sind, Bombay ; ditto, state and city ; conv. for Haidarfibad. 
Idar : Bombay ; (not Edar). 
Indore : C.I. ; conv. for Indaur. 
Indus: riv., Kashmir, N.W.F.P., Punjab, Bombay; conv. (Lat.) for 

.Sindhu. 
Irrawaddy : riv., Burma ; conv. for Iyawadi or Irawatr ; (not Irawaddy). 
Jaintia : hills, Assam ; (not Jaintiya, Jynteah). 

Jaipur : Rajputana ; conv. for Jayapur ; alt. Jainagar ; (not Jaypur). 
Jaisalmer : pr. Jaisalmir : Rajputana ; (not Jaisalmir, Jesalmir, Jessul- 

mir, Jesselmere, Jeysulmere). 
Jalalabad : U.P. ; (not Jelalabad). 

Jalarpet : Madras ; conv. for Jalarapettai ; (not Jollarpet). 
Jaleswar : B. &, O. ; (not Jellasore, Jaleshwar, Jalesar). 
Jalpaigurl : Bengal ; (not Jalpigori, Julpigori. Julpigoree). 
Jaora : C.I. 

Jaynagar : Bengal ; conv. for Jayanagar. 
JeSSOre : Bengal ; conv. for Yasohara ; (not Jessor, Jaisur). 
Jeypore : Madras ; conv. for Jayapuramu ; (not Jaypur). 
Jhalawar : state, Rajputana j (not Jhalawad). 
Jhang : Punjab; (not Jung). 
Jhansi: U.P. 
Jhelum : riv. and town, Punjab ; conv. for Jehlam (not Jbelam, 

Jhilam, Jhalam, Jahlam). 



8 FIEST GENERAL LIST OF NAMES IN THE EMPIRE OF INDIA. 

JInd : Punjab States ; (not Jhind, Jheend, Jeend). 

Jodhpur : Rajputana ; (not Joodpoor). 

Jubbulpore : C.P. ; conv. for Jabalpur ; (not Jubbulpur). 

Jullundur : Punjab ; conv. for Jalandhar ; (not Jullunder). 

Jumna : riv., U.P. ; conv. for Yamuna ; (not Jamna). 

Junagarh : Bombay ; conv. for Junagad ; (not Junaghur, Junagadh). 

Kaimur : hills, C.I., U.P., B. & O. ; (not Kymore). 

Kalat : Baluchistan ; (not Kelat, Khelat). 

Kalna : Bengal ; (not Culna). 

KalpI : U.P. ; (not Calpi, Culpee). 

Kalyandrug : Madras ; conv. for Kalyanadurgam ; (not Kalyandurg, 

Kaliandroog). 
Kamptee : C.P. ; conv. for Kamthi ; (not Kampti). 
Kanara, North and South : dists., Bombay and Madras ; conv. for 

Kanada ; (not Canara). 
Kanauj : U.P. ; (not Kannauj, Kunnoj). 
Kanawar : tract, Punjab ; (not Kunawar). 
Kangra : Punjab. 

Kanigiri : Madras ; (not Kanaigiri, Kannagherry). 
Kapurthala: Punjab States. 

Karachi : Sind, Bombay ; (not Kurrachi, Kurrachee, Karanchi). 
Karagola : B. & O. ; (not Caragola). 
Karauli : Rajputana ; (not Kerauli, Kerowlee). 
Karnal : Punjab. 

Kasaragod : Madras; conv. for Kasaragodu ; (not Kassergod, Cassergode). 
Kashmir : state ; known to Indians as Jammu ; (not Cashmere). 
Katchall : isld., Nicobar Islands ; conv. ; native Tehnyu ; (not Kachal, 

Katschull). 
Katha : Upper Burma. 
Kathiawar : pen., Bombay ; conv. for Kathiavad ; alt. Surashtra ; (not 

Kathiawad, Kattywar). 
Katwa : Bengal ; conv. for Katoya ; (not Cutwa). 
Kedgeree : Bengal ; conv. for Khejri ; (not Khejiri). 
Keonjhar : B. & O. ; alt. Mjgarh ; (not Keunjhar). 
Khairpur : Sind, Bombay ; ditto Punjab ; (not Khyerpoor). 
Khanderi : isld., Bombay ; (not Khandari, Kundari, Kennery, Kenery). 
Khandesh : dist., Bombay; (not Candeish). 
Khojak : pass, Baluchistan; conv. for Kozhak. 
Khyber : pass, N.W.F.P. ; conv. for Khaibar. 
Khyrim : Assam ; conv. for Khairam ; alt. Nongkhrem. 
Kidderpore : Calcutta, Bengal ; conv. ; (not Kidderpur). 
Kirkee : Bombay ; conv. for Kirki or Khadki. 
Kistna : riv., Bombay, Hyderabad, Madras ; conv. for Krishna. 
Kohat: N.W.F.P. 

Koilpatti : Madras ; conv. for Kovilpatti ; (not Koilpati). 
Kolhapur : Bombay ; alt. Karvir or Karavira ; (not Kolapur). 
Kollegal : Madras ; conv. for Kollegfdam ; (not Collegal). 
Kondavid : Madras ; (not Condavid). 



FIRST GENERAL LIST OF NAMES IN THE EMPIRE OF INDIA. 9 

Kotah : Rajputana ; (not Kota). 

Kotharia : Kajputana ; (not Kotaria, Kothara). 

Kottayam : Madras ; (not Kota)-am). 

Kudremukh : int., Mysore, Madras ; (not Kudarinmkh, Kuduremukha). 

Kumarkhali : Bengal ; (not Comercolly). 

Kumbakonam : Madras ; (not Combaconum). 

Kumbhalgarh : Rajputana ; (not Kurnalgarh, Komulmair, Kumalmer). 

Kumta : Bombay ; (not Kumpta, Coompta). 

Kurandvad : Bombay; (not Kurundvad, Kurundwad). 

Kurla: Bombay; (not Coorla). 

Kurnool : Madras ; conv. for Kara id u or Kandenavolu ; (not Kurmul, 

Ivarnul). 
Kurram : riv. and agency, N.W.F.P. ; (not Kuram). 
Kurseong : Bengal ; conv. for Kharshan. 
Kushtia : Bengal ; conv. for Kushtiya ; (not Koosbtea). 
Kuttalam : Madras ; (not Courtallum). 
Kyaikkami : Lower Burma ; alt. Amherst. 

Kyaukpyu : pr. Chaup-hyu : Lower Burma ; (not Kyouk Pbvoo). 
Kyelang : Punjab ; conv. for Kailang ; (not Kailing). 
Laccadive Islands : Madras ; conv. for Laksha divi ; (not Lakkhadiv). 
Ladakh : div., Kashmir; alt. Ladag. 
Lahore : Punjab ; conv. for Lfihaur ; (not Lahor). 
Lakhimpur, North : Assam ; (not Luckimpur). 
Lakhimpur : U.P. 

Lakshmlpur : Bengal ; (not Lakhipur, Luckipoor). 
Landour : U.P. ; conv. for Landhaur ; (not Landaur). 
Larkana : Sind, Bombay ; (not Larkhana). 
LingSUgur : Hyderabad ; (not Lingasugur) 
Luckeesarai : B. & O.; conv. for Lakshmfsarai. 
Lucknow : U.P. ; conv. for Lakhnau ; (not Lakhnow). 
Ludhiana: Punjab; (not Loodiana). 

Madapollam : Madras ; conv. for Madhavayapalem ; (not Madapollem). 
Madura : Madras ; conv. for Madurai ; (not Madhura). 
Maihar : CI. ; (not Myher). 

Malabar : dist., Madras ; conv. for Malayfdam or Malayam. 
Malda : Bengal; conv. for Maid aha ; (not Maldah). 
Mamdot : Punjab; conv. for Muhammadot. 
Manantoddy : Madras; conv. for Manantavadi. 
Mandalay : Upper Burma ; conv. for Mandale. 
Mandla: C.P. ; (no1 Mundla). 
Mandleshwar : C.I. ; (not Mandlesar, Mundlesoor). 
Mangaldai: Assam; (not Mungledye). 
Mangalore : Madras; conv. for Mangaluru; (not Mangalur). 
Ma-ubin : Lower lUirma; (not Maubin, Maubeng). 
Maymyo : pr. Meimyu: Upper Burma; conv. 
Mayni : Bond)ay ; conv. for Maini ; (not Mayani). 
Mayurbhanj : state, B. &0.j conv. for Mayurbhanj a ; (not Mohar- 

bhanj, Morbhanj). 



10 FIRST GENERAL LIST OF NAMES IN THE EMPIRE OF INDIA. 

Meerut : U.P. ; conv. for Merath ; (not Mirat, Mirath). 

Mehidpur : C.I. ; conv. for Mahatpur ; (not Mehidpar, Mahidpur). 

Mehmadabad : Bombay ; conv. for Mahmfidabad. 

Meiktila : pr. Miktila : Upper Burma. 

Mercara : Coorg ; conv. for Madikeri ; (not Merkara). 

Mergui : pr. Mergwi : Lower Burma ; conv. for Mrit, pr. Beik ; (not 

Merghi). 
Mhow : CI. ; conv. for Mau ; (not Mhau). 
Miani : Punjab ; (not Meeanee). 

Midnapore : Bengal ; conv. for Medinipur ; (not Midnapur). 
Minbu : Upper Burma ; (not Menbo, Membo). 
Minicoy : isld., Madras ; conv. ; (not Minikoi, Minakai). 
Miram Shah : KW.F.P. ; conv. for Miran Shah. 
Mirzapur : U.P. ; (not Mirzapore). 
Mokameh : B. & O. ; conv. for Mokawan. 

Monghyr : B. & O. ; conv. for Mungir or Mfinger ; (not Mongir). 
Monywa : pr. Monyuwa : Upper Burma. 
Moradabad : U.P. ; conv. for Muradfibad. 
Morrelganj : Bengal ; (not Morrellganj, Morellgunge). 
Moulmein : Lower Burma ; conv. for Mawlamyaing ; (not Maulmain). 
Mudkl : Punjab ; (not Moodkee). 
Multan : Punjab ; (not Mooltan). 
Murree : Punjab ; conv. for Marri. 

Mussoorie : U.P. ; conv. for Mansiiri ; (not Masuri, Mussooree). 
Muttra : U.P. ; conv. for Mathura. 

Muzaffargarh : Punjab ; (not Muzaffargar, Muzuffergarh, Mozuffergurh). 
Muzaffarnagar : U.P. ; (not Mozuffernuggur). 

Muzaffarpur : B. & O. ; (not Muzufferpur, Mozufferpur, Mozufferpore). 
Myitkyina : pr. Michina : Upper Burma. 

Mylliem : Assam ; conv. for Mulliem ; (not Myllim, Mail-lim). 
Mymensingh : dist., Bengal ; conv. for Maimansingh ; (not Mymun- 

singh, Maimansinh). 
Mysore : state and city ; conv. for Maisur or Mahisur. 
Nabadwip : Bengal ; alt. Nadia, q.v. ; (not Navadwip). 
Nabha : Punjab States. 

Nadia : dist., Bengal ; conv. for Nadiya ; (not Nuddea). 
Naenwa : Rajputana ; (not Nainwah, Nainwa). 
Nagercoil: Travancore, Madi'as States; conv. for Nagarkovil ; (not 

Nagarkoil). 
Nagpur: CP. ; (not Nagpore). 
Naihati : Bengal ; (not Nayahati, Nyehattee). 
Nancowry : isld., Nicobar Islands ; conv. for Nankauri ; (not 

Nankowry). 
Nander : Hyderabad ; (not Nandair, Nanded). 
Nandidroog : hill, Mysore ; conv. for Nandidurga ; (not Nandidrug, 

Nundydrug, Nundydi-oog, Nandidurg). 
Nandyal : Madras; conv. for Nandyala ; (not Nandial). 
Narayanganj : Bengal ; (not Narainganj, Naraingungc). 



FIRST GENERAL LIST OF NAMES IN THE EMPIRE OF INDIA. 11 

Narbada: riv., C.I., Bombay; div., C.P. ; conv. for Narmada ; (not 

Nerbudda). 
Narcondam : isld., Andaman Islands ; conv. ; native Chatolisbans. 
Narsinghgarh : 0.1. ; (not Nursingarh). 
Narsinghpur : C.P. ; (not Nursingpur). 
Narwar : C.I. ; (not Nurwar, Nurwur). 
Nasirabad : Bengal ; (not Nuseerabad, Mymensingh q.v.). 
Naushahra : N.W.F.P. ; (not Nowshera). 
Navanagar : pr. Nawamigwr : Bombay ; alt. Jamnagar ; (not Nawa- 

nagar, Nowanagar, Nowanuggur). 
Navsari : Baroda ; (not Nosari, Nausari, Navasari). 
Negapatam : Madras ; conv. for Nagapattanam ; (not Nagapatam, 

Nagapatnam, Nagai). 
Nellore : Madras ; conv. for Nelliiru ; (not Nellor, Nellur). 
Nicobar Islands : conv. for Nakkavar ; (not Nikobar). 
Nilgiris, The : bills and dist., Madras ; conv. for Nilagiri ; (not 

NeilgheiTy, Neelgherry). 
Nimach : CI. ; (not Nimuch, ISTeemuch). 
Nizamabad : Hyderabad ; alt. Indur ; (not Indore, Indor). 
Nowgong : Assam ; conv. for Naogaon ; (not Naugaon). 
Nowgong : C.I. ; conv. for Naugaon. 
Nowrangapur : Madras \ conv. for Navarangapur ; (not Naorangpur, 

Naurangapur). 
Nyamti : Mysore ; (not Niamti, Nyamati). 

Ootacamund : Madras ; conv. for Utakamand or Ontikalmanda. 
Orai : U.P. ; conv. for Urai. 

Orchha : C.I. ; conv. for Urchha or Ondchhii ; (not Orcha). 
Oudh : pr. Aud : province, U.P. ; conv. for Awadb (from Ayodhya) ; 

(not Oude). 
Owsa : Hyderabad ; conv. for Ausa. 
Pabna : Bengal ; (not Pubna). 
Padmanabhapuram : Travancore, Madras States ; (not Palpanaveram, 

Padmanabbam). 
Palakollu : Madras ; (not Palakol, Palkole). 
Palamau : B. & O. 

Palamcottah : Madras; conv. for Pfdaiyamkottai ; (not Palamkotta). 
Palanpur: Bombay. 

Palghat : Madras ; conv. for Palkadu ; (not Palighaut). 
Pallavaram : Madras; (not Palaveram). 

Palni : hills and town, Madias ; conv. for Pazbani ; (m>t Palani, Pulney). 
Panch Mahals : dist., Bombay ; (not Punch Mehals). 
Panipat : E*anjab ; (not Paniput). 
Parachinar: N.W.F.P. 
Parbhani : Hyderabad; (not Parbaini). 
Partabgarh : Rajputana; ditto, U.P; conv. for Pratapgarh; (not 

Purtabghur). 
Parur : Travancore, Madias States; conv. for Paravur. 
Patiala : Punjal) States ; (not Patiyala, Puttiala, Puttialla). 



12 FIRST GENERAL LIST OF NAMES IN THE EMPIRE OF INDIA. 

Penner: riv., Madras; conv. for Penneru; (not Pennar). 

Periyakulam : Madras ; (not Periakulam). 

Peshawar : N.W.F.P. ; (not Peshawur). 

Pilibhit : U.P. 

Piram : isld., Bombay ; (not Perim). 

Plassey : Bengal ; conv. for Palashi. 

Poona : Bombay ; conv. for Puna. 

Poonamallee : Madras ; conv. for Puvirundamalli ; (not Punamallu, 

Punamallee). 
Porbandar : Bombay ; (not Purbandar, Poorbunder). 
Prome : Lower Burma ; conv. for Pyi. 
Pudukkottai: Madras States; (not Pudukattai, Pudukotah, Poodoo- 

cottah). 
Pulicat : Madras ; conv. for Palaverkkfidu. 
Punch : Kashmir ; (not Poonch). 

Punjab : province ; conv. for Panjab ; (not Punjaub). 
Purl : B. & O. ; alt. Jagannfith ; (not Pooree, Juggernaut). 
Purnea : B. & O. ; conv. for Purniya ; (not Purneah, Purnia, Purniah). 
Pyapon : Lower Burma ; (not Pya-pun, Pya-poon). 
Quetta : Baluchistan ; conv. for Kwatah ; loc. Shal or Shiilkot ; (not 

Shawl). 
Quilandi : Madras; conv. for Kovilkandi or Koyilandi ; (not Quilandy, 

Coilandi). 
Quilon : Travancore, Madras States ; conv. for Kollam. 
Rae Bareli : U.P. ; (not Rai Bareilly). 
Raiganj : Bengal ; (not Rayganj, Raygunge). 
Raipur : C.P. ; (not Raypur). 
Raiwind : Punjab ; conv. for Raewind. 
Rajahmundry : Madras ; conv. for Rajamahendravaram ; (not Raja- 

mahendri, Rajamandri). 
Rajpipla: state, Bombay; (not Bajpeepla). 
Rajputana: agency; (not Rajpootana). 
Rajshahi : dist., Bengal ; (not Rajashahi). 
Ramgarh : passim ; (not Rainghur). 
Ramnagar : passim ; (not Ramnuggur). 
Rampur : L T .P. ; (not Rampoor). 

Ramree : Lower Burma ; conv. for Yanbye ; (not Ramri). 
Ranch! : B. & O. 

Rangoon : Lower Burma ; conv. for Yangon ; (not Rangun). 
Rangpur : Bengal ; (not Rungpur, Rungpore). 
Ranlganj : Bengal ; (not Raneegunge). 
Ranthambhor : Rajputana ; conv. for Ranastambhapura ; (not Rin- 

timbur). 
Ratlam : C.I. ; (not Rutlam). 
Ratnagiri : Bombay ; (not Rutnagherrv). 
Rawalpindi : Punjab ; (not Rawal Pindi, Rawul Pindee). 
Rayadrug: Madras ; conv. for Rayadurgam ; (not Raidrug, Rayadurg, 

Raidurg). 



FIRST GENERAL LIST OF NAMES IX THE EMPIRE OF INDIA. 13 

Revelganj: B. lV: O. ; conv. for Revellganj ; alt. Godna. 

Rewah : pr. Riwa: C.I. ; conv. for Riwa ; (not Rewa). 

Rewa Kantha : agency, Bombay. 

Rohilkhand : tract, U.P. ; (not Rohilcund). 

Rohtak : Punjab; (not Rohtuk). 

Roorkee : U.P. ; conv. for Rurki. 

Sabarmati : riv., Bombay; (not Sauberinutty). 

Sadiya : Assam. 

Sagaing: Upper Burma ; (not Sagain). 

Sagar : isld., Bengal ; (not Saugor, Saugur). 

Sagauli : B. &, O. ; conv. for Sugaull ; (not Segauli, Segowlie). 

Saharanpur: U.P. ; (not Seharunpur). 

Sahaswan : U.P. ; (not Sahiswan, Suheswan). 

Sahatwar: U.P. ; alt. Mahatwar and Mahatpfd. 

Saidapet : Madras ; conv. for Saiyidapettai ; (not Sydapet, Savidabad). 

Saidpur: U.P. ; conv. for Saiyidpur ; (not Sayyidpore). 

Sailana : C.I. ; (not Salana, Sillana). 

Salem : Madras ; conv. for Selam. 

Salkhia : Howrah, Bengal ; (not Sulkeaj. 

Salsette : isld., Bombay ; conv. for Sashti. 

Samalkot : Madras ; conv. for Ckamarlakota ; (not Samarlakota, Samul- 

cottah). 
Samastipur : B. & O. ; (not Somastipur). 
Sambalpur : B. 6c 0. ; (not Sumbulpur). 
Samthar : C.I. ; (not Sumpthar, Somtr). 

Sandoway : Lower Burma : conv. for Thandwe ; (not Sandowe). 
Sandur : Madras States ; conv. for Sonduru ; (not Sundoor). 
Santal Parganas : dist., B. & O. ; conv. for Saontal Parganas ; (not 

Sonthal Pergunnahs). 
Santapilly : Madras : conv. ; (not Santopilly, Santapilli, Santapalle, 

Chantapilli, Chantapalli). 
Santipur : Bengal ; conv. for Sbiintipur ; (not Santipoor). 
Saoner : C.P. ; (not Sonair, Soner). 
Saraj : tract, Punjab ; (not Seoraj). 
Saran : dist., B. & O. ; (not Sarun). 
Satara: Bombay. 

Satna : C.I. ; alt. Raghurajnagar ; (not Sutna). 
Saugor: C.P. ; conv. for Sagar. 
Savandurga : Mysore j (not Severndroog). 
Secunderabad : Hyderabad; conv. for Sikandarabad. 
Sehore : C.I. ; conv. for Sihor ; (not Sebor). 
Seohara : U.P. ; conv. for Siuhara ; (nut Sehora). 
Seoni : C.P. j (not Sbiwani). 

Serampore : Bengal \ conv. for Srlrampur \ (not Serampur). 
Seringapatam : -Mysore; conv. for Srlrangapattana. 
Shabkadar: X.W.F.P. ; (not Shabkadr). 
Shahjahanpur : CT.P. \ (not Shah jehanpur). 
Sheikhpura : B. & O. ; conv. for Shaikhpura. 



14 FIRST GENERAL LIST OP NAMES IN THE EMPIRE OF INDIA. 

Shekhawati : dist., Rajputana ; (not Shaikhawati). 

Shencottah : Travancore, Madras States ; conv. ; (not Shenkotta, 

Chenkotta). 
Shevaroy Hills : Madras ; conv. for Shervarayan Malai. 
Shimoga : Mysore ; (not Shimogga). 
Sholapur : Bombay ; conv. for Solapur. 

Shyok : pr. Shaiok : riv., Kashmir; (not Shayok, Shayak, Shayuk). 
Sialkot : Punjab ; (not Siyalkot, Sealkote). 
Sibsagar : Assam ; (not Seebsaugar). 

Sidhout : Madras ; conv. for Siddhavattam ; (not Sidhaut). 
Sikandarabad : U.P. ; (not Sikandrabad, Secunderabad). 
Sikandra : U.P. ; (not Secundra). 

Sind : province, Bombay ; conv. for Sindhu ; (not Sindh, Sinde, Scinde). 
Sipra: riv., C.I. ; alt. Kshipra ; (not Sipari, Seepra). 
Sirajganj : Bengal; (not Serajgunj, Serajgunge). 
Sirhind : Punjab ; conv. for Sahrind ; (not Sarhind). 
Sirmur : Punjab States ; alt. Niihan ; (not Sirmoor, Sarmor). 
Sirohi : Bajputana; (not Serohi). 
Sironj : Rajputana ; (not Seronj). 
Sitamau : C.I. ; (not Seetamau). 
Sodhra : Punjab ; conv. for Sohdra. 
Sohagpur : C.I. ; (not Suhagpore). 
Sohna : Punjab ; conv. for Sonah. 

Sonepat : Punjab ; conv. for Sonpat ; (not Sonipat, Sunipat). 
Srinagar : pr. Srimtgar : Kashmir ; (not Serinagur). 
Srirangam : Madras ; (not Seringam, Seringham). 
Sudharam : Bengal ; (not Noakhali, Noakhally). 
Sukkur : Sind, Bombay ; conv. for Sakhar ; (not Sakkar). 
Sunamganj : Assam ; (not Sonamganj). 

Sundarbans : tract, Bengal ; (not Sandarbans, Sunderbunds). 
Surapur : Hyderabad ; (not Shorapur). 
Suri : pr. Shiuri : Bengal ; (not Sooree). 

Sutlej : riv., Punjab ; conv. for Satlaj ; Sanskrit Satadru ; (not Satluj). 
Suvali : Bombay ; (not Suwali, Swally). 
Sylhet : Assam ; conv. for Srihatta ; (not Silhet, Silhatt). 
Syriam : Lower Burma ; conv. for Thanlyin. 
Talikota : Bombay ; conv. for Talikoti ; (not Talikot, Talicote). 
Tanjore : Madras ; conv. for Tanjavfir ; (not Tanjor). 
Tank: N.W.F.P. 

Tapti: riv., C.P., Bombay; conv. for Tiipi ; (not Taptee). 
Tarakeswar : Bengal ; conv. for Tarakeshwar ; (not Tarkessur). 
Tatta : Sind, Bombay ; conv. for Thato ; (not Tattah). 
Tavoy : Lower Burma ; conv. for Tavai. 
Tehri : state, U.P. ; (not Garhwfd, q.v.). 

Tellicherry: Madras; conv. for Talasseri ; (not Tellicherri). 
Tenasserim : Lower Burma ; conv. for Taninthayi. 
Thair : Hyderabad ; (not Ther, Ter). 
Thana : Bombay ; (not Tanna). 



FIRST GENERAL LIST OF NAMES IN THE EMPIRE OF INDIA. 15 

Thanesar : Punjab ; conv. for Thaneswar ; (not Thaneshwar). 
Thar Parkar : (list., Sind, Bombay ; (not Thur and Parkur). 
Tharrawaddy : Lower Burma ; conv. for Thayawadi ; (not Tharawadi, 

Tharrawaw). 
Thaton : Lower Burma ; (not Tha-tun). 

Tinnevelly : Madras ; conv. for Tirunelveli ; (not Tinnevelli, Tinavelly). 
Tippera : (list., Bengal ; conv. for Tripura ; (not Tipperah, Tripara). 
Tiruchendur : Madras ; (not Trichendoor, Trichendore). 
Tiruchengodu : Madras ; (not Tiruchengod, Trichengode). 
Tirupati : Madras ; (not Tripatty, Tripetty, Tripaty). 
Tiruvallur : Madras ; (not Tiruvalur, Trivellore, Evvullur). 
Tista : riv., Sikkim, Bengal ; conv. for Trisrota ; (not Teesta). 
Tollygunge : Calcutta, Bengal ; native Taliganj ; (not Toliganj). 
ToungOO : Lower Burma ; conv. for Taung ngu ; (not Taungu, Toung-gu). 
Tranquebar : Madras ; conv. for Tarangampadi. 
Travancore : state, Madras States ; conv. for Tiruvankur or Tiruva- 

lumkodi ; (not Travancor). 
Trichinopoly : Madras ; conv. for Tirucbcbinappalli ; (not Trichinopoli, 

Trinchinopoly, Tricbinapalli). 
Trombay : Bombay ; conv. for Turmbben. 
Tungabhadra: riv., Madras; (not Tumbudra, Toombudra). 
Tuticorin : pr. Tutikorin : Madras ; conv. for Tuttukkudi. 
Udaipur : Rajputana; ditto Bengal; (not Udaypur, Oodeypore, Odey- 

pore). 
Ujjain : C.I. ; (not Oojein, Ojein, Ujjaiyini). 
Umta : Baroda ; (not Oomta). 
Underi : isld., Bombay ; (not Undari, Henery). 
Urigam : Mysore ; (not Ooregum, Oorgaum). 
Uttaramerur : Madras ; (not Uttiranmerur, Utramalore). 
Vaigai : riv., Madras; (not Vygai). 
Valarpattanam : Madias ; alt. Baliapatam ; (nut Valapattanam, Belia- 

patam). 
Vellore : Madras ; conv. for Velluru. 

Vijayadurg : Bombay ; alt. Gheria ; (not Viziadrug, Vijaxdurg). 
Vizagapatam : Madras ; conv. for Vaisakbapattanam. 
Vypin : isld, Madras ; conv. for Veppu ; (not Vaipin, Vaippi). 
Wainganga : riv., C.P. ; (not Wynegunga). 
Warangal : Hyderabad ; (not Orungall). 

Wynaad : div., Madras ; conv. for Vayanad ; (not Wainad, Wynad). 
Yamethin : Upper Burma ; (not Yamithin). 
Yandoon : Lower Burma ; conv. for Nyaungdon ; (not Yandun, 

X\ aung-dun). 
Yawnghwe : state, Upper Burma; conv. for Nyaungywe, pr. Nyaung- 

yu-we. 
Yedatore : Mysore; com. 
Yercaud : Madras j conv. for Erkad j (not Yerkad). 



LIST OF PUBLICATIONS 

for the Permanent Committee on Geographical Names by the 
Royal Geographical Society, Kensington Gore, London, S. W. 7 . 

Price Sixpence Each. 

FIRST GENERAL LIST OF EUROPEAN NAMES. 

FIRST GENERAL LIST OF ASIATIC NAMES. 

FIRST GENERAL LIST OF AFRICAN NAMES. 

FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN TANGANYIKA TERRITORY. 

FIRST GENERAL LIST OF OCEANIC NAMES (FOREIGN 
DEPENDENCIES). 

FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN 'IRAQ (MESOPOTAMIA). 

SECOND GENERAL LIST OF EUROPEAN NAMES. 

SECOND GENERAL LIST OF ASIATIC NAMES. 

FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN GOLD COAST AND BRITISH 
TOGO. 

SECOND AND THIRD GENERAL LISTS OF OCEANIC 
NAMES (AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND DE- 
PENDENCIES). 

The first four Lists were also issued with the Geographical Journal for April 1 921, 
July 1921, January 1922, and February 1922 respectively. 



R.GS. TECHNICAL SERIES: No. 2. 

ALPHABETS OF FOREIGN 

LANGUAGES 

TRANSCRIBED INTO ENGLISH 

ACCORDING TO THE R.G.S. II. SYSTEM. 



Price Seven. Shillings and Sixpence Net. 
To Fellows, at the Office of the Society, Six Shillings Net. 



LONDON: PRINTED BY Wll, CLOWES AND SONS, LTD., DUKE STREET, STAMFORD STREET, S.E. ! . 



/ 

PERMANENT COMMITTEE ON GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES 
FOR BRITISH OFFICIAL USE. 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN 'IRAQ 
(MESOPOTAMIA). 



Published for the Permanent Committee on Geographical Names by the 
Royal Geographical Society, Kensington Gore, Loudon, S.W.I. 



Prick Sixpence. 



I'm. following List of Names in 'Iraq, having been submitted through 
H.M. Secretary of State for the Colonies to the High Commissioner and 
corrected by him, is now published by the Permanent Committee on 
Geographical Names for British Official Use. 

The Committee are indebted to Major E. B. Soane, c.b.e., for revising 
the Kurdish names. 

The thanks of the Committee are also due fco Sir T. W. Arnold, c.i.e., 
and to II. St. J. B. Pbilby, Esq., c.i.e., for a genera] revision of the List 
and many valuable suggestions. 

Edward Gleichen, Maj.-Gen., 
Royal Geographical Society, Chairman, P. C.G.N. 

Kensington Gore, Loiulon, S. W. 7. 

August, 1922. 

ABBBEVIATIONS. 

al * alternative. Ital Italian. 

Al ' Arabic. kin kilometres. 

Arm Armenian. Kurd Kurdish. 

conv conventional. Lat Latin. 

dist district. loc locally. 

Fr French. Pcrs Persian. 

Get German. pr pronounced. 

'• r Greek. prop properly. 

Heb Hebrew. riv river. 

»Sld island. Turk Turkish. 

The pronunciations are in accordance with the R.G.S. II. System, Eor which 
}eog. Jour., Jan. L921, Vol. i.mi, pp. 40-43; or an explanatory leaflet can bo 
had on application to the Secretary, P.C.G.N., Royal 1 oal Society. 

The mark — shown over the Long rowels is optional; but the inverted comma' 
representing the Arabic letter * is essential. 

For Abu, Bani, Birka, Ibn, Imam, Jabal, Khan, Hor, Qal'a, Qasr, Has, Shaikh. 
Shatt, Tall, Umm, sec under proper na 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN 'IRAQ 
(MESOPOTAMIA). 

'Abd as Saiyid Banalat : 65 km. n. 'Amara; Ar. oL> j^JI j-c ; (not 

Abdi Sayid Binait, Abdi Seyid Benalat). 
'Abdullah, Hor: estuary, s. F.io ; Ar. aJDI j.«c .y» ; (not Khor Abdulla, 

Khur Abdalla). 
'Adhaim, Shatt al : riv., 75 km. n. Baghdad ; Ar. J^\\^; (notShatt 

el Adhaim, Adheim). 
'Afaq : pr. loc. Afaj : 85 km. s.e. Hilla ; Ar. ^as. ; (not Suk el Afej, 

Afedj). 
'Ajairawiya : isld., 5 km. s.e. Basra; Ar. Lo^ -s? ; (not Ajeirawiyeh, 

Ajerawiye, Ajairayah, Quarantine Island). 

'Ajliza, Ras : cape, 5 km. n.e. Kuwait; Ar. ijys?- u-dj : ( n °t R- as e ' 

Ajuza, Ajuzeb, Adjuka). 
'Akaika : 30 km. e. Nasiriya; Ar. ixXc ; (not 'Aqiqah, Haqiqah, 

Haqiqueb). 
Albu Muhammad: tribe, s.E. Amara; Ar. Sis? jjT; (not Aim 

Muhamed, Mohammed). 
'All Gharbi: 80 km. e. Kut al Imara; Ar. ^f. Ac. ; (not Ali el 

Gharbi, Imam Ali Gherbi). 
'All Jabal : 75 km. e. Kut al Imara; Ar. J-&. A^. ; (not Ali Jebel). 
'All Sharql : 50 km. N.w. Amara ; Ar. Ji \1, Ac. ; (not Ali esh Sharki, 

Imam Ali Shergi, Shargi). 
'Allawi : 45 km. N.w. Basra; Ar. <jAs. ; (not El Lawi, Allowi, Ahiwi). 
Altun Kopri : 45 km. n.w. Kirkuk; Turk. ^$y.f ^Jl ; (nut Keupri, 

Kupri). 
'Amara : 100 km. N.w. Basra; Ar. ii.Lc ; (not Amarah, Amare). 
'Amij, Qasr: 100 km. W. Hit; Ar. J&y*; (not Kasr Amej, Amedj). 

'Ana: 125 km. n.w. Hit; Ar. Ailc ; (not Ana, Anah). 

'Aqarquf: lake, 15 km. n.w. Baghdad; At-, u-sjs^ic ; (not Aqqar Quf, 

Akkar Kuf , Akarkuf, Amarkuf). 
'Aqr, Imam al : 45 km. s.h. Kut al Imara; Ar. jL^\ A*\ ; (not 

Jinam el Agar, Aggar, Akkar). 
'Arab, Shatt al: riv.; Ar. ,_, j\ \^ ; (not Shatt ul Arab, Shatt el 

Arab). 
'Aran, Abu: 10 km. n. Qurna; Ar. ^l^jjlj (not Bahran). 
Arbet : 20 km. s.e. Sulaimaniya ; Kurd. Li*j.l ; (not Urbet, Urbat). 
Ardh, Ras al : cape, 15 km. e. Kuwait; Ar. ^jVI ^\j ; (not Has el 

Arz). 
'Aris : 5 km. w. 'Amara; Ar. \j»\&- ', (not Arris). 
'Ashiq, Qal'at al : 10 km. n.w. Samarra; Ar. ,jiUll ixls ; (not Calaat 

el Ashik, Ajik). 
'Ata: 60 km. n.w. 'Amara ; Ar. IWc ; (not Atab, Ata). 
'Atab : 10 km, S.B. Kut a] Imara : Ar. i_jl«c ; (not Atab). 



FIRST! LIST OF NAMES IN 'IRAQ (MESOPOTAMIA). :; 

'Azair, Al : 35 km. \. Qurna; Ar. ^jJl ; alt. Ezra's Tomb; (no! El 

I >zair, ■( >zeir, < >/.ier). 
'Aziziya, Al : 75 km. s.e. Baghdad ; Ar. dufjjjdl; (not 'Aziziyeh, Azizie). 
Bad'a, Shatt al : riv., 35 km. n.e. Nasiriya ; Ar. icjji j^ ; (nol 

Shatt el Beidha, al Bada'ah, Nahr Beidha, Bed'ah, el Beda). 
Badra : 70 km. \. Kut al [mara; Ar. S,jj; (not Bedrah, Bedra, 

Bedrai, Bedre). 
Baghdad: Ar. .sljjo ; (not Bagdad). 
Baghdad!, Khan: 30 km.N.w. Hit ; Ar. (J^Ijjsj J.± ; (not Baghdadiyah, 

Baghdadiyeh, Baghdadie). 
Baghdadlya : 60 km. s.e. Baghdad; Ar. ijoUi) ; (not Baghdadiyeh, 

Baghdadie, Yenije Baghdad). 
Bagh-i-Shahi : 70 km. n.e. Cut al [mara; Pers. ^.li cb ; (not 

Baksai, Baksaie). 

Bait 'Isa : 25 km. e. Kut al Imara ; Ar. 1,-^c o.o ; (not Beit Ayessa, 

Aiessa). 
Balad : 70 km. \. Baghdad ; Ar. jAj ; (not Belad, Beled). 
Balad Ruz : 75 km. n.e. Baghdad; Ar. ; .. jJj ; (not Baladruz, Belad 

Kuz, Beled l>uz. Beledruz, Balad oz). 
Baljaniya : 25 km. e. Basra; Ar. ipWi; (not Baljaniyeh, Balyaniyeh, 

Beljaniye, Balzaniya). 
Banan : 25 km. s.w. Qurna; Ar. ^b ; (not Ben an, Bonan). 
Ba'quba : 50 km. n.e. Baghdad; Ar. bj5»; (not Baqubeh, Bakuba). 
Baram, Umm al : 25 km. e. Kut al Imara ; Ar. JJ1 1\ ; (not Um 

.•1 Brahm). r * r ' 

Barbukh : 5 km. \. Qurna ; Ar. ■£ y ; (not Birbek, Birbeck). 

Barbuqa : pr. loc. Barbuga: 20 km. s. 'Amara; Ar. 'isj>/ % ; (not 

Barbugeb >. 
Barjisiya : 25 km. s.w. Basra; Ar. il^j : (not Barjisiyeh, Birjisiya). 
Ba'rur, Umm al : 25 km. e. Najaf; Ar. jV *J1 "\ ; (not Um el Barur, 

Tel Cm 1 Barur). . 

Basatina : 35 km. s. 'Amara ; Ar. SlJLj; (not Basatimeh). 
Basra: pr. Basra (sharp s) ; Ar. »^a> ; (not Busrah, Bassra, Bassorah, 

Bussorah). 
Bilaliq : 105 km. s. Mosul ; Ar. jJ^b; (not Bilalidj, Bilalig). 

Bira Kapra : l" 1 ' km. n.e. Mosul: Kurd. iS ty } (not Bireh KLafra, 

Zibar). 
Bubiyan : isld., 40 km. n.e. Kuwait ; Ar. '^^; : (not Bubian, Bubayan). 
Bughaila : 40 km. w. Kut al [mara; Ar. iL* ! (""' Baghailah, 

Bghailah, Baghela, Bogheileh, Bogheili). 
Buhriz : 15 km. n.e. Baghdad; Ar.j.^; (not Bahriz, Bohriz). 
Buraisha, Ras al : cape, 30 km. n.e. Kuwait ; Ar. iioJI ^-l. ; (not 

Ras al Barshah, Ras el A brei ma). 
Butaira : L5 km. w. 'Amara; Ar. jyjk>; (noi Bitairah, Biteireh). 
Butaniya : 20 km. v Nasiriya; Ar. duLAu ; (not Butniyah, Butniya, 

El Butnijeh, El Butnidja). 
Chemchemal : 45 km. b. Kirkuk; Kind. JLa^; ( llut Chamchamal). 
Daffas : opposite 'Amara ; Ar. X; (not Dufas). . 



4 FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN 'IRAQ (MESOPOTAMIA). 

Daqq al Hajjaj : 15 km. n.e. Kut al Imara; Ar. \& J^ ; (not Dak 

el Hajjaj). 
Dar as Saiyid 'Abbas: 60 km. e. Kut a] Imara; Ar. ^l^c xiJ\ J^ ; 

(not Dar-us-Salyid Abbas, Dar es-Seyyid Abbas, Seyid Abbas). 
Darrajl : 55 km. w. Nasiriya ; Ar. ^^ ; (not Durraji, Duradji, Qal'at 

I>uraj, Kalaat Duraj, Kala Duradj). 
Daur : 30 km. n. Samarra ; Ar. j3 $ ; (not Dur). 
Dawwaya ! GO km. E. Kut al Imara: Ar. 'i>\p; (not Dawwaycli, 

Dowaie). 
Delli 'Abbas: 90 km. n.e. Baghdad; Turk. ^c J^ ; (not Dali, 

Deli Abbas). 
Dhibban : 70 km. av. Baghdad ; Ar. u l5o ; (not Ez Ziban). 
Dlltawa : 60 km. N. Baghdad ; Ar. »jUo ; (not Daltawah, Deltaweh). 
Dlwaniya, Ad : 55 km. e. Najaf ; Ar. ililjuM ; (not Diwaniyeh, Diwanie). 
Diyala : 15 km. s. Baghdad; Ar. jjlo ; (not Diyaleh, Diala, Dialah). 
Du'aiji: 15 km. e. Basra; Ar. ^ c j ; (not Di'aiji, Da'aiji, Du'eiji, 

Dueidji, Deaji). 
Dud, Abu ad : 45 km. e. Kut al Imara; Ar. ^\ y\ ; (not Abud Dud, 

Abu Da'ud). 
Dujail : 55 km. N. Baghdad ; Ar. J-^o or i5C*-» = Sumaika, pr. loc. 

Sumaicha ; (not Dujeil, Sumaichah, Sumaikchen, Summeicha, Sumeicha, 

Sumeiki, Sumeikeh, tSumekche). 
Dujaila : canal, S.E. Kut al Imara ; Ar. iUo ; (not Dujeileh, Dudjeila, 

Difala). 
Dunainat: 10 km. W. 'Amara ; Ar. ot-o; (not Danainat, Daneinat). 
Duqma : pr. loc. Dogame or Dojma : 70 km. n. Baghdad; Ar. 'L£i ; 

(not Dogameh, Dojmeh, Dojman, Dodjman). 
Duraiwishi : 30 km. s. 'Amara ; Ar. J?y..j>; (not Diraiwishi, Direiwishi). 
Duwairij : 10 km. n.e. 'Amara; Ar. £j>.j± I (not Dawairij, Duweirij, 

Duweiridj). 
Duwaiza : 45 km. s.e. Mosul: Ar. tyy ; (not Duwaizat, Duweizat, 

Duweizeh). 
Eski Baghdad: 15 km. n. Samarra; Turk. s\si, JZ>\ ; (not Aski 

Bagdad). 
Euphrates : riv. ; conv. (Lat. from Gr. EvcfrpaT-qs) for Ar. o^all = Al 

Furat ; Heb. r>"2 = Ferath ; Arm. fc#/»""» = Yeprad ; Fr. Euphrate ; 

Ger. Eupbrat ; Ital. Eufrate ; (not Shatt el Fara, Frat Su). 
Fallahlya, Al : 25 km. e. Kut al Imara ; Ar. ^\b\ \ (not Falahiyeh). 
Falluja, Al: 60 km. w. Baghdad; Ar. ^ j^l : (not Feluja, Feludja, 

Fellujeh). 
Fao : 80 km. N.E. Kuwait; Ar. jU; (not Fava). 
Fat-ha, Al : 55 km. \. Tikrit; Ar. i**N; (not Fet-hah). 
Fudaiyin: 2 { J km. w. 'Angara ; Ar. ^ ; (not Fudeyyin). 
Fuhaima, Khan : 25 km. s.e. 'Ana ; Ar. u^ J± ; (not Fheme, Feheme, 

Feheimeh, Fahami). 
Fulaifila : 65 km. N.w. 'Amara: Ar. ikis ; (not Filaifilah Fileifileh, 

Fileifili). 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN 'IRAQ (MESOPOTAMIA). 5 

Ghafla : 15 km. w. Nasiriya ; Ar. iUc ; (not Ghafleh, Ghana |. 

Gharraf, Shatt al : riv., s. Kut al Imara ; Ar. ^l-iJI Li ; alt. Shatt 

al Hai; (not Shatt el Gharaf). J 

Ghubaishiya: 75 km. w. Basra; Ar. Sli-c; (notGhubashiya,Gubashiyeh). 

Ghumaiqa : pr. loc. Ghumaija : 10 km. x. Qurna ; Ar. iiu»c ; (not 

Ghumeyyeh). 
Ghutaira : 20 km. x.k. Kut al Imara; Ar. iJ^L ; (not Ghatairah, 

Ghateireh). 

Habbaniya, Al : lake, 75 km. w. Baghdad; Ar. ipUil; (not Habbania, 
Habbaniyeh, Habbanie). 

Haddadiya, Al : 10 km. \.k. Basra; Ar. ildSU; (not Haddadiyeh, 
Hadadiyah, Hadadie). 

Halabja : 60 km. s.e. Sulaimaniya; Kurd. i&\ prop. = Alabja, but 
initial vowel is pr. aspirated; (not Halebja, Halebjeh, Halebdja). 

Halla : 10 km. x. Qurna ; Ar. iL ; (not Hallah, Haila). 
Hamidiya, Al : 25 km. e. Najaf ; Ar. IXx«Ui ; (not Hamidiyeh, 
1 laraidie). 

Hamidiya: 25 km. s.e. Kut al Imara: Ar. SJ? A*U ; (not Hamidyeh, 
Hamidie). 

Hammar, Hor al : lake, 35 km. e. Nasiriya; Ar. JX& j3 * ; (not Khor 
el Hammar, Hamar). 

Hamrin, Jabal : bills, x. Baghdad ; Ar. ^j^ J-=- ; (not Jebel, 

Djebel). 
Hamza : 25 km. x. Nasiriya ; Ar. s^s. ; (not Hamzeh). 

Hanna, Umm al : 30 km. e. Kut al Imara ; Ar. \~jj -| ; (not Urn el 

Henna, Umm el Hanneh). 
Hassuna : 30 km. N.E. Nasiriya ; Ar. iiyla. ; (not Hasunah). 

Haswa, Khan al : 50 km. s. Baghdad ; Ar. i^Jl ^U. ; (not Khan 

Haswah, Khan el Hasweh). 
Hawa, Al : 10 km. s.w. Qurna ; Ar. l^Jl ; (not El Howa). 

Hilla : 'JO km. s. Baghdad ; Ar. sL ; (not Hilah, Hille). 

Hindiya : 95 km. s. Baghdad ; Ar. '^xji, or j^.^L> = TWairiq, pr. loc. 

Tuwairfj ; (not Hindiyeh, Hindie, Tewarij, Tawairij). 
Hufaifa, Ai : 40 km. s. 'Amara; Ar. ii^l ; (not Hafaifah, Eafairah, 

! [ofeifeh). 
Hulaiba: 75 km. s.w. Basra; Ar. iJis. ; (not Halaiba, Ealeiba, Ealai- 

wah). 
Huraiba, Al : 15 km. n. Qurna ; Ar. i-jjb ; (not Haraibah, Eiraibah). 
Husain, Qal'a : pr. loc. Jal'a: 65 km. x.w. 'Amara; Ar. ^^^ h& ; 

(not .Jal.it llusein, Hussein, Hassain). 
Husainiya, Hor: lake, 30 km. \.\\. Nasiriya; Ar. ;. •: . ^ -, (uot 

Khor Eusseiniye, Eusseinie, Eusseiniya). 
Huwair, Al : 10 km. w. Qurna ; Ar.^jJl; (not El Euair, E] Euir, El 

I [oweir). 

Ibara, Tall: 40 km. s.e. Nasiriya; Ar. 4 u jj ; (n<»t Tel [bareh, Tell 

el Djabara). 
'Iraq, (Al) : official name of Mesopotamia; Ar. jl/Jl ; (not Irak . 



6 FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN 'IRAQ (MESOPOTAMIA). 

Iskandariya, Khan : 45 km. s. Baghdad ; Ar. X' J x£*,\ J» ; (not 

Iskanderiyeh, Iskenderie, Sikandariyah). 
Istabulat : 95 km. n.W. Baghdad ; Ar. ^\)a~,\ ; (not Istablat). 
Jaddu' : 15 km. n.e. Kut al Imara ; Ar. c ,&>. ; (not Yeddu, Yadu). 
Jahra : 30 km. w. Kumait ; Ar. 'ijp* ; (not Jehara, Jehra, J ah a rah, 

Djahra, Ja'arah). 
Jalajii, Qal'a : 95 km. n. Nasiriya ; Ar. J*!iU i*li> ; (not Kala Jelajil, 

Djeladjil). 
Jassan : 55 km. n. Kut al Imara ; Ar. Jj^, or ilj^c = Gharibiya ; (not 

Jasan, Jessan, Djessan, Gharibie). 
Jawwar: 15 km. s. 'Amara; Ar.^j* ; (not Djawwar). 
Jazira, Al : country between Tigris and Euphrates, N.w. Baghdad ; Ar. 

i^jU ; (not El Jezire, El Djezire, The Jezireh). 
Kabaish : pr. loc. Chaba-ish: 45 km. w. Qurna ; Ar. j£\£ ; (not 

Chabaish, Chahbaish, Chubeish, Kibaish). 
Kabda : pr. loc. Chabda : 80 km. W. Basra ; Ar. sJ-S ; (not Shabdeh, 

Chabdah). 9 

Kadhama, Ras : cape, 20 km. w. Kuwait ; Ar. l^X ^J\j ; (not 

Kathama, Kadhimeh). 
Kadhimain, Al : 5 km. n.w, Baghdad ; Ar. c^Ji&JI ; (not Kazimain, 

Khadhimain). / 

Kahala : pr. loc. Chahala : canal, S.E. 'Amara ; Ar. ^ ; (not Jehaleh, 

Chahalah). 
Kar Shatt al : riv., 65 km. n. and e. Samawa; Ar.jSJl ki, ; (not Shatt 

el Khar). 
Karbala : pr. Karbala: 80 km. s.w. Baghdad; Ar. \<> ; (not Kerbela, 

Meshed Hussein). 
Karradi I 75 km. N. Nasiriya ; Ar. ^\"f ; (not Karadi). 
Khalis, Nahr al : canal, N.E. Baghdad ; Ar. ^lil ^ ; (not Nahr 

Khalis). 
KhamlSiya, Al : 35 km. s.e. Nasiriya ; Ar. 11 ....J& ; (not Khamisiyeh, 

Khamasie, Khamsieh). 
Khanaqin : 140 km. n.e. Baghdad ; Ar. yyul*. ; (not Khaniqin, 

Khanikin). 
Kharnabat : 55 km. n.e. Baghdad ; Ar. oLj^ ; (not Karnabit, Kamebit). 
Khidhr. Al: 25 km. s.e. Samawa; Ar.^iil ; (not El Khudr, Khidr, 

Khidhar). 
Khirba : 40 km. n.w. 'Amara; Ar. hj» ; (not Khirbeh, Bhirboh). 
Khubbaz, Qasr al : 50 km. w. Hit; Ar.j^il^as: (not Kasr Kubbaz, 

lvhebas). 
Khudhaira : fort and bend of river below Kut al Imara ; Ar. is^-ai ; 

(not Khadairi, Khaderi). 
Khurmal: 55 km. s.e. Sulaimaniya; Kurd. JU> ; (not Gulambar, 

Gulamber). 
Kibasi: 10 km. n. Basra ; Ar. ^\S ': (not Kabasi, Chabaisi). 
Kifl Al : 25 km. n. Najaf ; Ar. Ji-^Jl; (not Ken, Kefil, Kafil). 
Kifri : 160 km. n.e. Baghdad ; Kurd. ^jS ; Ar. i2>}L> = Salahlya ; Pers 
i\A <£>■ = Zeng Abad ; (not Kufri, Sallahiyah, Salahiyeh, Salahie). 



FIEST LIST OF NAMES IN 'IRAQ (MESOPOTAMIA). 7 

Kirkuk : 235 km. x. Baghdad ; Ar. isJ^Tpj (not Kerkuk, Kerkouk). 

Kdi Sanjaq : 75 km. x. Kirkuk: Turk, j^st* - \$£ \ (not Keui Sanjak, 

Khoi Sanjak, Keui Sandjak). 
Kubaisa : 20 km. w. Hit; Ar. i...,. S ; (not Kabaisa, Kebeisa, Kebeiseh, 

Kubeisa). 

Kufa, Al : 10 km. x.k. Najaf; Ar. isj^JU (not Kufeh). 
Kumait, Al : 35 km. n.w. -Aruara; Ar. io^X-!l ; (not Kumeit), 

Kuraimat, Al : 75 km. n.w. 'Amara ; Ar. oL^x-M ; (not Kiraimat, 

Kireinat, Kumait). 
Kuraimat Ka'ab : 10 km. x. Qurna; Ar. l_*jo oL^; (not Karaimat 

Kaad). 
Kutaiban : 25 km. n.w. Basra ; Ar. ^L; S ; (not Kataiban, Kuteiban). 

Kut al Hai : 40 km. s.E. Kut al Imara ; Ar. ji- OjJ ; (not Hai. 

Kut el Hai). 
Kut al Imara : 160 km. s.e. Baghdad ; Ar. ij^\ oj> ; (not Kut, 

I\ut-al-'Amarah, Kut el Amara). 
Kuwaibda : pr. loc. Chuwaibda : 25 km. S.w. Basra ; Ar. ij^jj): (not 

Sbwebda, Shweibda, Shweibdah). 
Kuwait, Al : 125 km. s. Basra; Ar. ^jxJI ; (not Kuweit, Koweit. Koait). 
Lailan : 25 km. s.E. Kirkuk ; Kurd. ^J ; (not Leilan). 
Laqlaq, Umm : 40 km. x. Tikrit; Ar. ,jlii! 1\ ; (not Umm el La<[laq. 

Laklak). 
Luh, Tall: 05 km. x. Xasiriya; Ar. _j) lj : (not Talluh, Tel Loh, 

Tel Lo, Tel Luwa). 
Luqait : 100 km. w. Basra; Ar. kJi) ; (not Lekeit, Lagait, Legatta, 

Legatteh). 
Ma'amir : 75 km. s.e. Basra ; Ar. jAx* ; (not Ma'amareh, Ma'amarah, 

Ma'amrah, Ma'amer). 
Madlna, Al : 20 km. s.w. Qurna; Ar. SuijJI ; (not Medina. Medineh). 
Mahmudlya, Al : 30 km. s. Baghdad ; Ar. iLpj*^ : (not Mahmu- 

diyeh. Mahmudie). 
Majar al Kablr : 15 km. s. -Amara; Ar. jj-&1 js? ; (not Majarr, 

Majir, Mijarr el Kebir). 
Majar as Saghir: 10 km. s. 'Amara: Ar. ^Lall ^ ; (not Majarr, 

Majir). 
Mandali : pr. Mandali: 115 km. x.k. Baghdad: Ar. ' c ±~c ; (not 

Mendali, Mendeli). 
Mandaliya : 50 km. k. Kut al Imara ; Ar. i.llx^ ; (not Mandaliyeh, 

Mendalia). 
Mandil, Ibn : 10 km. x. Qurna ; Ar. Jj>~« ^1 ; (not 11m Madil, 

Ibn Mandal). 
Manjabi : 30 km. x. Qurna; Ar. (jl-^* : (not Menjabi). 

Mansuriya, Al : t5 km. n. Baghdad; Ar. ^^j^Ji ; (not Mansuriyeb, 

Mansurie). 
MaqaSlS : 10 km. N.E. Kut al Imara; Ar. ^a^Jl* ; (not Magasis, 
Mak 

Ma'qil : 10km. k. Basra; Ar. Jix-, or ,-^all ojCjl = Al Kut al Faranji; 
(not Magilj Magill, Makil, K u t el Farangi). 



8 FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN 'IRAQ (MESOPOTAMIA). 

Mazlaq : 50 km. e. 'Amara ; Ar. .jlj» : (not Mazlak, Mezlik). 
Mazliq : 40 km. e. Nasiriya ; Ar. J>j* ; (not Mazlik, Mezlik, Mezlaq, 

Mezlek). 
Mosul : conv. for Ar. J-^J1 = Al Musil ; (not Mossoul, Moussoul). 

Mu'adhdham, Al : •"> km. x.w. Baghdad ; Ar. / jUjl ; (not Moadhdham, 

Muadhem). 
Muan : 35 km. s.e. Sulaimaniya ; Kurd. J\y> ; (not Mowan, Mohun, 

Muhun). 
Mughail : 75 km. e. Kut al Iinara; Ar. J-i. ; (not Mighail, 

El Maghesil). 
Muhairiqa : pr. loc. Muhairija : 10 km. s.e. Kut al Imara ; Ar. ii^s? ; 

(not Mhairijah, Muheiriya, Mahairij). 
Muntafiq : tribe, round Nasiriya ; Ar. jL^* ; (not Muntifik, Muntafik). 
Muqaiyir, Tall al : 20 km. s.w. Nasiriya; Ar.JJjtjj; (not Tel 

Mughayir, Tell el Mukaiyir, Tel Mugayir). 
Muqarun, Birka : 70 km. s. Najaf ; Ar. ^li* iS^; (not Bir Kamekrun, 

Qamaqrun, Wamekrun, Mugarun). 
Musaiyib, Al : 60 km. s. Baghdad ; Ar. !_4~J1 ; (not Museyib). 

Musalla, Khan al : 20 km. n. Najaf ; Ar. ^L*J\ J± ; (not Khan 

Musella, Mosalla). 
Musandaq : 55 km. e. Kut al Imara ; Ar. ja^xo ; (not Musandak, 

Umm Sunduk). 
Mushahida : 35 km. n. Baghdad ; Ar. ij^Lc ; (not Mushaidiyah, 

Mushaidie, Mushadiyah, Meshahidiya, Meshahidiyeh, Mishiada). 
Musharra : canal, e. Amara ; Ar. s^L. ; (not Masharrah, Musharreh). 
Muzaibila : 15 km. N. Qurna ; Ar. iLj* ; (not Muzaibla, Muzeibileh, 

Mazeebah). 
Muzair'a : opposite Qurna ; Ar. ls.j.j* ; (not Muzeira'ah, Mazera, 

Mezera). 
Muzaniya : 35 km. s. Amara ; Ar. i^'^jy \ ( n °t Muzaniyeh). 
Na'asa : 40 km. e. Kut al Imara ; Ar. L-l» ; (not Naasah, Naase, 

Na'aseh). 
Najaf, An: pr. loc. N«zhaf: 145 km. s. Baghdad; Ar. i_isi J ' ; (not 

Nejef, Nedjef, Meshed Ali). 
Nakhla, Umm an : channel, 35 km. s.e. Nasiriya ; Ar. iis^' jjl ; (not 

Naklah). 
Narln Chai : riv., 110 km. n.e. Baghdad; Turk. ^U ^Ji ; (not 

Nahrin Su). 
Nashwa : 45 km. x.w, Basra; Ar. ijii-; (not Nash w eh). 
Nasiriya, An : 160 km. n.w. Basra ; Ar. aj^eUI ; (not Nasiriyeh, Nasrie, 

Nasriye, Muntafik, Muntifik). 
Nufaikh : 55 km. n. Qurna; Ar. #£ ; (not Nufeikh). 
Nuhairat : suburb, n. Qurna; Ar. oLft# J ( not Nuheirat, Nahairat). 
Nukhaila, An : 35 km. w. Basra ; Ar. iL^ ; (not Nakhailah, Nukheila, 

Nukheileh). 
Nukhailat An : 20 km. n.e. Kut al Imara ; Ar. o^Ls^' ; (not Nakhailat, 

Abu Nakhal). 



First list of names in 'Iraq (Mesopotamia). 9 

Penjwin : 45 km. e. Sulaimaniya : Kurd. ^jJri ; (not Penjeviu, Pendje- 

vine, Pendjevin, Pendsevine, Panjvin). *— 
Qaid, Ras al : cape, 55 km. x.i;. Kuwait; Ar. jJiJl uAt', (not Ras el 

Kaid, Qa'id, Geit). 
Qaim, Al : 75 km. w. -Ana ; Ar. J Id I ; (not El Qa'im, El Kaira). 
Qaiyara, Al : 65 km. s. Mosul; Ar. [,115)1; (not Kaiyara, Gayara). 

Qallb al Khulaif: pr. loc. Jallb: 30 km. s. Basra; Ar. l_jL)41 l_J6 ; 

(not Jalib-al Khalai, Djalib el Khaleif). 
Qara Bashi : pr. loc. Charbashi : 50 km. s.w. Qurna; Turk. ^l> IJ ; 

(not Charbaisi, Chirbashi, Obirbasi). 
Qara Tepe: 125 km. n.e. Baghdad; Turk. ajj. ifi ; (not Kara Tepe, 

Qarah Tappah). 

Qarfa: 95 km. x. Baghdad; Ar. isj ; (not Qarfeh, Garfa). 

Qarmat 'All: pr. loc. Gurmat: 10 km. x.w. Basra; Ar. At iy ; (not 
Gurmat Ah). 

Qarmat as Saiyid 'All: pr. loc. Gurmat: 50 km. x.w. 'Amara; 
Ar. jjc j£j| L*j> ; (not Karmat, Gurmat es-Seyyid Ali). 

Qasr, Umm : 55 km. s. Basra; Ar. .^ il; (not Urn Kasr). 

Qawarir, Abu : 30 km. x.w. Samawa ; Ar. j,\y y\ ; (not Abu 

Kawar, Kawarir, Juwarir). 
Qizil Ribat: 110 km. n.e. Baghdad; Turk. Uj.JS: (not Kizil Ilobat, 

Qizil Rubat). 

Qubair : 70 km. e. Kut al Imara ; Ar. j<J> ; (not Qubeir, Gubir, Gubeir, 
Lugbur). 

Qurainat, Al : pr. loc. Greinat : 10 km. w. Basra; Ar. ob^5)l ; (not 
Grainat). 

Qurna, Al : 70 km. x.w. Basra; Ar. iiyill ; (not Kurnah, Kourna). 
Rabi'a: tribe, s. Kut al Imara: Ar. ix^jj ; (not Rabiah, Rubea). 
Rafidhiya, Ar: 25km. s.w. Basra ; Ar. i.^])) ; (no! Rafidhiyeh, Rafdie). 

Rahhaliya, Ar : 65 km. w. Karbala; Ar. l${£)\ ; (not Rahaliyeh, 

Rahalie, Rahaliyah). 
Ramadi : 100 km. w. Baghdad ; Ar. ^L,, or SuoL, = Rumadiya; (not 

Ramadie, Ramadieh, Ramadiyah). 
Rania: 100 km. \.k. ECirkuk; Kurd. aJ \. ; (not Raniya, Raniyeh). 
Rayan, Khan Abu: 125 km. w. Baghdad ; Ar. Jo,y\ U U- ; (not Abu 

Rayat). 

Rodhan, Qal'a : 70 km. n.w. N"asiriya; Ar. ,jU«, i«ls ; (not Kala, 

KalaaJ, K . i ; r Lit Rothan). 

Ruba, Abu: 50 km. x. Qurna ; Ar. h 3j y\ ; (no! Al.u Roba). 
Rubaiya : 25 km. s. 'Amara ; Ar. ilij ; (no! Rubaihah, Rubeiheh). 
Rufaiya : l5km.N. Qurna ; Ar. ili, ; (no! Rufeyya, Rufeyyeh, Rafayah). 
Ruhaima, Qasr: 50 km. s. Najaf; Ar. j^a^^aS ; (nol Qasrar Ruhaimi, 

Qasr Rahaim, Qasr Rahim, Kasr er Ruheimi, Kasr Reheim). 
Rumahrya, Ar : 45 km. s.e. Billa; Ar. iS-l^ll; (nol Rumahie). 

Rumaila, Ar : 50 km. w. Basra; Ar. iL^ll ; (nol Rumeila, Rumeileh, 
I Learaela). 

Rumaili : 5 km. s. 'Amara Ar. J^ ; (not Rumeili). 



10 FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN 'IRAQ (MESOPOTAMIA). 

Rumaitha : 25 km. n. Samawa ; Ar. is-*. : (not Rumeitha, Rumeitheh, 

Ruroetha, Ubaiyidh). 
Rumman, Abu: 25 km. n.e. Kut al Imara; Ar. ^U, y\ ; (not Abu 

Ruman, Rummanab, Rummaneh, Roman). 
Ruta I 15 km. N. Qurna ; Ar. ikj. ; (not Rotah). 
Ruwandiz : 135 km. e, Mosul: Kurd. \Jol«,; (not Rowanduz, Roanduz, 

Roandiz, Rewandufc, Revandis). 
Sa'ad, Khan Ban! : 30 km. n.e. Baghdad; Ar. ±*^ jj \±, or J& £j\ 

— Orta Khan ; (not Khan Beni Said). 
Sa'ad, Shaikh: 40 km. e. Kut al Imara'; Ar. s*~> ^ ; (not Sheikh 

Saad). ° 

Sabiya, Hor as : estuary, 30 km. N.E. Kuwait ; Ar. 2u-**)l jyt ; (not Khor 

es Sabiyeh, Khor Sabiye, Bubian). 
Sabkhaya, Abu: 45 km. e. Kut al Imara; Ar. iAifr^jA; (not Abu 

Sabkhayab, Sabkhayeb). 
Sahilan, As : 10 km. n.e. Nasiriya ; Ar. ^^Ul ; (not Es Sahilan). 
Saih : 40 km. N.w. Nasiriya; Ar. JL>; (not Sayih, Sayth). 

Saihan : 40 km. s.e. Basra; Ar. jjl-*;" ; (not Seihan, Zain). 

Saiyid 'All: GO km. n.w. 'Amara ; Ar. ^ Sl^ ; (uot Seyyid, Said Ali). 

Sakrika : pr. loe. Sakricha : 20 km. n. Qurna ; Ar. iSo^x-j ; (not 

Sakricheh, Sakhricha). 
Salih, Qal'a : pr. loc. Qal'at : 40 km. s. 'Amara ; Ar. JU ids , or 

» .L*H iJaZi = Shatrat al 'Amaru ; (not Kala Salih, Kale Sale, Kalaat 

Saleh, Sbatra el Amara, Shatret el 'Amareh). 
Samarra: 115 km. n.w. Baghdad ; Ar. IJ*L. ; (not Samarra, Saimarreh). 
Samawa : 245 km. s. Baghdad ; Ar. ijl*-*> ; (not Samaweh). 
Sanam, Jabal : hill, 25 km. s. Basra ; Ar. A^ J-». ; (not Jebel Sinam). 

Sanniya : 40 km. s.E. Basra; Ar. L.:^ : (not Saniyab, Saniyeh). 

Sanniyat : 25 km. b. Kut al Imara ; Ar. oC- ; (not Sanna-i-yat, 

Sanna'iyat, Saniyet). 
Sarifa : 25 km. n. Qurna ; Ar. iw «o ; (not Sharifah, Sarifeb). 
Shadl, Qal'a: 35 km. n.w. Kut al Imara; Ar. ^U. 4*15; (not Kala 

Shadi, Shadie). 
Shahraban : 90 km. n.e. Baghdad ; Pers. (jbU^i; (not Shahroban). 
Shamlya, Ash : riv. and dist., e. Najaf ; Ar. S£«LsJ! ; (not Shamiyeh, 

Shamie). 
Shamshamiya, Ash: isld., 25 km. e. Basra; Ar. ^♦JU^Jl ; (not Sham- 

shumiyah, Shamshamiyeh). 
Sharqat or Qal'a Sharqat : 90 km. s. Mosul ; Ar. LlS^i i*ls ; (not 

Kala Shergat, Kalat Sherghat, Kalaat Shergat). 
Shatra : 45 km. n. Nasiriya; Ar. ija^, , or jja^JI ijx& = Shatrat al 

Muntafiq; (not Shatreh, Shattrah, Shatrah el Muntifik, Shatret el 

Muntefiq). 
Shinafiya: 55 km. s.e. Najaf; Ar. iliLi : (not Shinafiyeh, Shinafie). 
Shithatha: 50 km. w. Karbala; Ar. ttlii; (noi Shitathah, Shitata, 

Shetata, Shetateh, Sbifathah, Shifatheh). 



FIEST LIST OF NAMES IN 'IRAQ (MESOPOTAMIA). 11 

Shu'aiba : 15 km. s.w. Basra; Ar. 3L.*L ; (not Sha'aibah, Sha'aibeh, 

Shaiba, Sheiba). 
Shumran : 10 km. w. Kut al [mara ; Ar. jl^*i ; (nol Sbimran). 
Shuraimlya : 15 km. v. Tikrit : Ar. i^i ; (nol Shereimiya, Shereimiyeh, 

Shoreimieh, Sharaimi( 
Shwaiyib : riv., 5 km. s.e. Qurna ; Ar. l-*?"^ ; (not Suwaib, Suweib, 

Suaib, Shuaibj Swaib). 
Sikar, Qal'a : 60 km. s.e. Kut a] [mara; Ar. 5L k*& ; (not Qal'at 

Sikar, Qal'at ea Sikkar). 
Subaiha : 70 km. ct.w. Amara; Ar. is*r° ; (not Subeiheh). 
Sufaiha : 20 km. w. 'Amara ; Ar. is* 6 - 9 ; (not Sofeihah, Safaa). 
Sufaiq : pr. k><-. Sufaij : 65 km. n.w. 'Amara; Ar. jj^ ; (not Sufaiji, Sufeij). 
Sukhair, Abu: 15 km. s.b. Najaf ; At.j^jA ; (not Aim Sukheir). 
Sulaimaniya: pr. in Pers. Soleimaniyeh, Kurd. Sulaimani : 230 km. s.e. 

Mosul; Ar. i-tJUi-i : (nut Sulaimania, Sulaimanieh, Suleimaniyeh, 

Suleimanie). 
Sultan, Qal'a: 30km. \.\v. 'Amara; Ar. J.WL i*j£ ; (not Kala, Kelat 

Sultan). 

Suq al Maqrun : 25 km. v. Qurna; Ar. ^jjj\ ,jj~ ; (not Sikh al 
Magrumi, Silcha] Maqran). 

Suq ash Shuyukh : 25 km. s.e. NTasiriya; Ar. ±j»£S\ j^; (not Suk 

esh Sheyukh, Sheyuk). ^ 

Surdash : 50 km. v.w. Sulaimaniya; Kurd, J^\^^ ; (not Serdash). 
Suwaiq : pr. loc. Suwaij : 30 km. v. Nasiriya; Ar. j^jw; (not Dachah 

Suwaij, Decha Suweij, Suweidj). 
Suwaiqlya, Hor as : pr. loc Suwaicba: lake, 25 km. \. Kut al [mara ; 

Ar. il(uj«J| j^ ; (not Haur as Suwaichah, Khor as Suwaikiyah, 

Ivhur i Suwaikieh, Suwekie, Suweikiyeh, Suweikiya). 
Suwaira : 60 km. s.e. Baghdad; Ar. Ijiye, or i-^ja. = Juwaimisa or 

Jumaisa ; (nol Suweiri, Suweireh, Juweimiseh, Jumeisa, Jumeiseh). 

Tajl : 20 km. x.w. Baghdad ; Ar.^U; (not Tajidiyah, Tajidie, Tadjiya). 

Tamr, Abu : 55 km. v. Qurna ; Ar.^J ^1 ; (not Abu Tamar). 

Tauq: 40 km. s. Kirkuk; Turk. ,j,{l, form. j f [^ Daqiiq; (not Tank, 
I >ahuk). 

Taza Khurmatli : 20 km. s. Kirkuk; Turk. JJL^ tj3; (not to be 

confused with Tuz Khurmatli, q.v.). 
Thumail : 60 km. s. Hit; Ar. J^i ; (not Temail). 

Tib, Shatt at: riv., n. 'Amara; Ar. ^JJl £i; Pers. **U = Mama; 
(nol Shalt el Tyb, Maimah, Mema). 

Tigris: riv. ; conv. (Lat. from Gr. Ti-ypts) for Ar. iLo £i = Shalt Dijla; 

Arm. S/"//'/'" = Dikris; Fr.Tigre; Ctal. Tigri ; (nol Shatt ed Didjla). 
Tikrit: 155 km. s.w. Baghdad; Ar. vuajZ; (not Tekrit). 
Tuba, At: 30 km. w. Basra; Ar. i^Ul ; (not Et Tobah, Ctoba, Etwab). 
Tubul, Umm at: 70 km. s.w. K -it al [mara; Ar. \AJ\ II; (nol 

l mm el Tubul, I'm al Tubal). 

Turaba: 20 km. \\. Qurna; Ar. by; (not Turabeh, Tiraba, Tirubah, 
Tibabah). 

Tursaq : pr. loc. Tursakh: riv., loo km. n. Kut al [mara; Turk. jLy. 



12 FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN 'IRAQ (MESOPOTAMIA). 

Tuwaila At : isld., 20 km. e. Basra ; Ar. iLjkll ; (not Tawailah 

Taweileh, Toweyea). 
Tuz Khurmatll : pr. loc. also Khurmatu : 65 km. s.e. Kirkuk ; Turk. 

ii'L.i- j jb ; (not Tuz KermatH, Khurmati, Touz Hourmato). 
'Ubaid Hor : 25 km. e. 'Amara; Ar. a~c jjn ; (not Khur Obeid, Khir 

'Ubeid). 
Ubaiyidh, Al : 15 km. s. Amara ; Ar. ^py\ ; (not Ubaiyah). 
'Ufainlya : 25 km. W. Amara ; Ar. 'ilU>s. ; (not U'fainiyah, 'Ofeiniyeh, 

Hafaniyah). 
'Umaiya : 70 km. e. Kut al Imara ; Ar. i**c ; (not Omaiyah, Omaiyeh, 

Ommaye). 
'Umar, Nahr : 30 km. n.w. Basra ; Ar.^c j( p ; (not Nahr Amr, Urar). 
'Uruq, Umm al : 30 km. n.e. Kut al Imara ; Ar. jjj^JI ll ; (not TJmm 

el Uruk, Aruk). 
Zab Great : riv., 40 km. s. Mosul ; conv. for Ar. j<&,\ ^\j = Zab al 

Kal>ir; Kurd, ^jj Joijj = Riidbar-i-Zei ; (not Greater Zab). 
Zab Little : riv., 125 km. s. Mosul ; conv. for Ar. Jaw^l l_>1j, = Zab al 

Asfal ; Kurd. ^^ j^Jj = Riidbar-i-KalwI ; (not Kialvi, Lesser Zab). 
Zakhawiya: 70 km. E. Kut al Imara; Ar. iSjUjj (not Zakhawiyeh). 
Zakiya : pr. loc Zachiya : 15 km. n. Qurna; Ar. ipy, (not Zachiyeh, 

Zichiya). 
Zawiya : 30 km. s.e. Kut al Imara ; Ar. hj\j ; (not Zuwaiyah, Zuweia, 

Zoweia, Zowia). 
Zinabiya : 20 km. s.e. Kut al Imara ; Ar. 'ip\jj ; (not Zanabiya, 

Zinabiyeh, Zinabayya, Zenabiye, Zenabia). 
Z6r, Az : 55 km. s.e. Baghdad ; Ar. jJL jJI ; (not Zeur). 
Zorbatiya : 80 km. n. Kut al Imara ; Ar. itfJebjj ; (not Zurbatiyah, 

Zurbatiyeh, Zorbatiyeh, Zorbatie). 
Zubaid, Az : tribe, s. Baghdad ; Ar. ±^J\ ; (not Zobeid). 
Zubair, Az : 15 km. s.w. Basra; Ar. jojll ; (not Zobeir). 



LIST OF PUBLICATIONS 

for the Permanent Committee on Geographical Names by the 
Royal Geographical Society, Kensington Gore, London, S. W. 7. 

Price Sixpence Each. 

FIRST GENERAL LIST OF EUROPEAN NAMES. 
FIRST GENERAL LIST OF ASIATIC. NAMES. 
FIRST GENERAL LIST OF AFRICAN NAMES. 
FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN TANGANYIKA TERRITORY. 
FIRST GENERAL LIST OF OCEANIC NAMES (FOREIGN 
DEPENDENCIES). 

l.uNhoN: PRIMED BY. WM. CLOWES AHD SOUS, LTD., DTJKE STREET, STAMFORD STREET, S.E.I. 

' 



/ 

PERMANENT COMMITTEE ON GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES 
FOR BRITISH OFFICIAL USE. 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN PALESTINE. 

Published for the Permanent Committee on Geographical Names by tlie 
Royal Geographical Society, Kensington Gore, London, S.W.7; 

Price Sixpence. 



The following List of Names in Palestine, having been submitted through 
H.M. Secretary of State for the Colonies to the High Commissioner, 
and referred by him for correction to special Arabic and Hebrew sub- 
committees, is now published by the Permanent Committee on Geographical 
Names for British Official use. 

N.B. — This is not intended to be a list of Biblical Names, though 

several of these occur in it. 

Edward Gleichen, Maj.-Gen., 

Chairman, P. C.G.N. 
Royal Geographical Society, 

Kensington Gore, London, S.W.7. February, 1925. 

ABBREVIATIONS, Etc 



alt. ..... alternative. 

Ar Arabic. 

Col Colony. 

conv conventional. 

dist district. 

Fr French. 

Ger German. 

Gr Greek. 

Heb Hebrew. 



Ital Italian. 

Jew Jewisb. 

km kilometres. 

Lat Latin. 

loc locally. 

mt mountain. 

pr pronounced. 

riv river. 



The pronunciations are in accordance with the R.G.S. II. System, for which 
see Gcog. Jour., Jan. 1921, Vol. lvii, pp. 40-43; or an explanatory leaflet can bo 
had on application to the Secretary, P.C.G.N., Royal Geographical Society. 

The acute accent ' indicates the stress, and the italic e is the neutral vowel 
as in often. 

Tho mark — shown over tho long vowels is optional ; but the inverted comma ' 
representing the Arabic letter c and tho Hebrew J? is essential. 

Tho Committoc, having been assured that in Hebrew tho letter p, which 
corresponds to Arabic J = q, is pronouncod in a distinctly ditlerent way from tho 
letter 2, which corresponds to Arabic J = k, has decided to transliterate it q. 

Similarly, the Hebrew letter |~l, which corresponds to Arabic - = h, though a 
stronger aspirato than n (= 8 = n )> ls n °t so guttural as 3 (= ^ = kit) and is 
transliterated It, and not lh. 

With regard to tho Hebrew letter V, now pronounced Is, tho Committee has 
deoided to retain tho conventional transliteration z, whilo adding in every case tho 
correct pronunciation (see Hefzi Bah, Mi/pi, etc.). 

The Arabic vowel fat-ha is rondercd in this List by cither a or e according to 
local pronunciation. In the definite article <^ the vowel is sometimes mute, as 
in Tell el 'Ujul, pronounced Toll li'jul. 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN PALESTINE. 

For Abu, Jebel, Khirbet, Nahr, Ras, Tell, Umm, Wadi, see under proper name. 



'Abda : 55 km. s. Beersheba ; Ar. ij-c .; (not Abde). 

Acre : 15 km. n.e. Haifa ; conv. f or Ar. tc = 'Akka ; Heb. 13? = 'Akko 

(conv. Accho) ; Gr. llToA.€ju.ais = Ptolemais (Lat.) ; Fr. Acre or St. 
Jean d'Acre ; Ital. Acri ; Ger. Akre ; (not Akkia). 
'Adase, Khirbet : 5 km. n. Jerusalem ; Ar. i^jyc lij- ; (not Khurbet 

Adaseh). 
'Affule, El : 10 km. S. Nazareth ; Ar. ilyJI ; (not Afule, Afuli). 
'Ain 'Arik : 15 km. n.w. Jerusalem ; Ar. i^L^c ^*c ; (not Ain Ai'ik). 
'Ain ez Zeitun : 1 km. n. Safed ; Ar. ^ajJI ^. For Jew. Col. see 

'Ein Zeithlm. 
'Ain Jidi : 30 km. e. Hebron ; Ar. ^s>. ^ ; Heb. ,- U! \*% = 'Ein Gedr 

(conv. Engedi) ; (not Ain Jidy, Djidi). 
'Ain Slnya : 20 km. n. Jerusalem ; Ar. L;--j ^*c ; Heb. HJ^ =Yeshaaa, 

conv. Jeshanah ; (not Ain Sinia). 
Aiyeleth hash Shahar : Jew. Col., 10 km. n.e. Safed ; Heb. iPi^E rij;«. 
'Ali el Muntar : hill, s.e. Gaza ; Ar. ^lk.J\ Ac ; (not Aly Montar). 
'Alyata, Khirbet : '20 km. s. Nablus ; Ar."\JUk l>j> ; (not Khurbet 

Aliuta, 'Aliata). 
'Amwas : 25 km. n.w. Jerusalem ; Ar. ^j+c ) Heb. D1NSy = 'Ammaos. 
'Anata : 5 km. n.e. Jerusalem ; Ar. \i\;c ; Heb. r.lfljy — 'Anfithoth. 
'Anebta : 15 km. n.w. Nablus ; Ar. \;„c ; (not Anebtah). 
'Aqir : 25 km. s.e. Jaffa ; Ar.^ijlc. For Jew. Col. see Ekron. 
'Aqqabe : 15 km. n.e. Nablus; Ar. i;\ic ; (not Aqabe, Akabeh). 
'Aqrabe : 10 km. s.e. Nablus; Ar. hjic ; (not Akrabeh, Akraba). 
'Ara, Wadi : riv., 15 km. e. Cresarea ; Ar. s^lc ^pl. ; (not Wady Arab). 
'Arab et Teyaha : hills, n.w. Beersheba ; Ar. ULslI ^>jC ; (not Arab el 

Teeaha). 
'Araqa, El : 30 km. e. Csesarea ; Ar. <^x!l ; (not 'Arraqa, Arrakah). 
'Arrabe : 20 km. n. Nablus ; Ar. u\jc ; Heb. n3~y = 'Arava ; (not Arabeh). 
Arsuf: 15 km. n. Jaffa; Ar. \-ij~>) ; Gr. 'ATroAAtorta = Apollonia (Lat.). 
'Artuf : 20 km. w. Jerusalem; Ar. i_i£,c. For Jew. Col. see Har Tov. 
Ashdnd : see Sdtid. 
Ashkelon : 20 km. n.e. Gaza ; conv. for Heb. |l'j?#8 = Ashqelon ; Ar. 

J^L-c — 'Asqalan ; Gr. 'A<tko.\wv = Askalon ; Lat. Ascalo ; (not 

Askalan, Askelon, Ascalon). 
'Asi, Wadi el : riv., 1-5 km. n.e. Jerusalem ; Ar. ^A*H ^jlj ; (not Asa). 
'Asira el Qibliye : 5 km. s.w. Nablus; Ar. iiLiirs^-ac ; Heb. nnyq = 

Hazeroth, pr. Hatserot ; (not Kibliyeh, Kiblie). 
'Asur, Tell el : hill, 25 km. n. Jerusalem ; Ar. ^UM Jj" ; Heb. "nvn b'J2 

— Ba'al Hazor, pr. Hatsor ; (not Tel Asur). 
'Atara: 25 km. s. Nablus ; Ar. ijiaz ; Heb. nntpy = 'Ataroth ; (not 

Attara). 
'Ataroth: pr. 'Atarot: Jew. Col., 10 km. n. Jerusalem; Heb. nn^L*. 

For Arab village see Qalandye. 
'Athlith : Jew. Col, 15 km. s.w. Haifa ; Eeb. n^y ; Ar. o-lic='Athlifc, 

or oJi-c = 'Atllt. 
'Auja, El: 55 km, s.w. Beersheba ; Ar. l^JI ; (not El Audja). 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IX PALESTINE; 3 

'Auja, Nahr el : riv., 5 km. N.Jaffa; Ar. Uj*M ^ : Heb. PPl-' 1 ^ 1 "5 = 

Mei hay Yarqon (conv. Me-Jarkon) ; (not Audja). 
'Auja, Wadi el: riv., 10 km. x. Jericho; Ax. U-^Jl iS^jl (not Aujah). 
'Azzun : 20 km. w. Nablus; Ar. &££■'> (not Azzun). 
BaaZ Razor: see 'Asur, Tell el. 
Bal'a : 20 km. n.w. Nablus; Ar. iJj ; (not Belah). 
Ba'lin : 40 km. x.k. Gaza ; Ar. ^^hu ; (not Balin). 
Banat Barr: hill, 30 km. b. Jaffa; Ar. y ob; (not Benat Burry). 
Baqa : 15 km. w. Nablus; Ar. isU; (not Baku). 

Baqqar, El : pr. loc. Baggar : 15 km. w. Beersheba; Ar. .uul ; (not 
Bakkar). 

Barqusya : 40 km. n.e. Gaza; Ar. i^y .; ; (not Berqusiye, Berkusieh). 
Bassa, El : 20 km. n. Acre ; Ar. iSJI ; Heb. HX| = Bezeth, pr. Betset : 

(not Bassi). 
Bath Shelomo : pr. Shelomo: Jew. Col., 15 km. n.e. Csesarea; Heb. 

,l^ ^, J• r\2 ■ Ar. JUs. 11 11 hj» = Khirbet Umm el Jemal ; (not 

Batshlomo). 
Beersheba : 75 km. s.w. Jerusalem ; conv. for Heb. "2".' IS? = Be-er 

Sheva' ; Ar. «^JI .i> = Bir es Sabe' ; Fr. Berseba or Bersabee. 

Beer Tovlya : pr. Be-er : Jew. Col, 40 km. n.e. Gaza ; Heb. rP21l2 1$2 ; 

(nofeBertovia). For Arab village see Qastine, El. 
Beer Ya'aqov : pr. Beer Ya'iikov : Jew. Col., 15 km. s.E. Jaffa ; Heb. 

3pS?! ~\$2 ; Ar. ,j^»JJI jLjl h J>- = Khirbet Ibyar el Leimfm ; (not 

Beryacob, Bir .Jacob). 
Beisan : 30 km. s.E. Nazareth; Ar. ^Lw-j ; Heb. jN'4' fV3 = Beith Shean; 

Or. 2*v0o7roAis = Skythopolis; Lat. Scythopolis; (not Besan). 
Beit 'Arif : see Ben Shemen. 

Beit Duqqu : 15 km. N.W.Jerusalem; Ar. .Si ^^-> ', (not Dukka). 
Beithaniya: Jew. Col., 10 km. s. Tiberias; Heb. !"i;jiV3; (not Bethany ah). 
Beith Gan : Jew. Col., 10 km. s.w. Tiberias ; Heb. \2 »~P3 ; (not Betgan, 

Bethgan). For Arab village see Beit Jann. 
Beitin : 15 km. x. Jerusalem; Ar. ~--> ; Heb. ?8 i"P3 = Beith El (conv. 

Bethel). 
Beit Jann : 10 km. S.W. Tiberias; Ar. ^> c^j ; (not Bait Jan, Beth 

Jen). For Jew. Col. see Beith Gan. 
Beit Jibrin : 35 km. s.w. Jerusalem ; Ar. O o ^ o^ ; Heb. j 1 "!^ ^"5 = 

Beith Guvrfn ; (not Djibrin), 
Beit Liqya : 20 km. v\\. Jerusalem; Ar. La) io~_> : (not Likia). 

Beit Naqquba : 10 km. n.w. Jerusalem; Ar. l_^i o^ : Heb. n?1pj J"P3 

= Beith Neqova ; (not Nakubah). 
Beitunye : 15 km. N.W.Jerusalem; Ar. 3Ljjs-j; (not Beitunia). 
Beit 'Ur el Foqa : L5 km. n.w. Jerusalem ; Ar. 'IsyJI jf. oo ; Heb. 

P'TJKI p*~ ~"5 = Beith Horon ha 'Elyon (conv. Upper Beth-horon); 

(not Beit [Jrel Foka). 

Beit 'Or et Tahta : 20 km. n.w. Jerusalem ; Ar. »ls^jje <_~j ; Heb. 
;-,--.-- jmn JTQ = Beith Horon hat Tahton (conv. Lower Beth- 
horon) ; (no! Beil I 'r el Tahta). 

Ben Shemen : Jew. Col., 5 km. e. Lydda ; Heb. ','-'" \- ; Ar. i_i* u>-j 
= licit 'Ar it ; (not Ben Shamen, Beth Areof). 

Bethany: 5 km. e. Jerusalem; conv. for Heb. "^"'S = Beithaniya; 
Ar. ij .\l*!l ~ Ml 'Azarlye. 



4 FIKST LIST OF NAMES IN PALESTINE. 

Bethel : see Beitin. 

Beth-horon } Upper and Lower: see Beit 'Ur, el Foqa and el Tahta. 

Bethlehem: 10 km. s. Jeimsalem ; conv. (Lat.) for Heb. DD7 ^3 = 

Beith Leheru ; Ar. ^J o-j = Beit Lahm ; Fr. Bethlehem or 

Bethleem. 
Bidya: 20 km. s.w. Nablus; Ar. IjJj ; (not Bidiye, Bidieh). 
Bir 'Asluj : 25 km. s. Beersheba ; Ar. _.jL~c^,i ; (not Asludj). 
Bir BIrein : 60 km. s.w. Beersheba ; Ar. ^^o £ ; (not Birin, Biren). 
Bire : 15 km. n. Jerusalem; Ar. i^ ; Heb. m"l#| = Be-eroth. 
Bir es Sqati: 10 km. n.e. Beersheba; Ar. WiJl^; (not Bir el Sakaty). 

Biri : Jew. Col., 1 km. n.e. Safed ; Heb. 'TO ; Ar. lj*jj ^ = Ain 

Birya ; (not Biria, Berya). 
Bir Qamle : pr. loc. Gamle : 25 km. s. Gaza ; Ar. iluS^i ; (not Kamli). 
Bdreg : Jew. Col., 5 km. n.e. Caesarea ; Heb. 2"H12 ; Ar. ^Jl = El 

Bureij ; (not Bordsh, Burdsh, Burj). ( ^- 

Buqei'a, El : see Peqi'in. 

Burqa : 35 km. s. Jaffa ; Ar. 'isy ; (not Burkah). 
Byar 'Adas : 20 km. n.e. Jaffa ; Ar. ^scjLj ; (not Bir Adas). For 

Jew. Col. see Kefar Malal. 
Caesarea: 35 km. s. Haifa; conv. (Lat.) for Ar. h A-~S = Qisarye ; 

Heb. , lPp = Qisri ; Gr. Kaivdpcia = Kaisareia ; Fr. Cesaree ; (not 

Kaisariya, Kaisariyeh, Kaisarie). 
Carmel : nit., s. Haifa; conv. for Heb. ?£"]? = Karmel ; Gr. Ka/j/x-^Aos = 

Karmelos ; Lat. Carmelus ; Ar. J-^x) \ J?»- = J ebel el Karmel. 
Cedron : see Niir, Wadi en. 

Damye : 30 km. s.e. Nablus ; Ar. SLota ; (not El Damieh). 
Dawaime, Ed : pr. Dawa-ime ; 40 km. s.w. Jerusalem; Ar. iJljjJl. 
Dead Sea : conv. for Ar. IJ ^ = Bahret Liit ; Heb. n^H DJ = Yam 

ham Melah ; Fr. Mer Morte ; Ger. Totes Meer ; Ital. Mar Morto. 
Deganlya: pr. Deganlya: Jew. Col., 10 km. s. Tiberias; Heb. HJJJR ; 

Ar. i-Jj* 1\ = Umm Juniye ; (not Deganyah, Umm Jumieh). 

Deir Ballut: 25km. e. Jaffa; Ar. lejb^j (not Dair Balut). 

Deir el Balah : 15 km. s.w. Gaza ; Ar. JJ^p ; (not Der el Bela, Belar). 

Deir el Qassis, Khirbet : 25 km. s.w. Nablus; Ar. ^^l^o hj»; 

(not Khurbet Deir el Kussis, Qusis). 
Deir Sneid : 10 km. n.e. Gaza; Ar. s^jii ; (not Sineid, Esneid). 
Dhahriye, Edh : 25 km. n.e. Beersheba ; Ar. isyUaJI ; Heb. TffJ= 

Devlr (conv. Debir) ; (not El Dhaheriya, Ed Dhaherie). 

Dhrur, Tell edh: 10 km. s.e. Caesarea; Ar.^jJl J5 ; (not Tel ed). 

Dome : 20 km. s.e. Nablus; Ar. i^ji ; (not Domea). 

Dor: Jew. Col., 25 km. s.w. Haifa; Heb. "1**1. For Arab village see 

Tantura. 
Ebal : see Sleimlye. 
'Ein Gannim : Jew. Col., 15 km. n.e. Jaffa; Heb. C?3 J"»J£; (not Ein 

Ganim). For Arab village see Fajja. 
'Ein Zeithim: Jew. Col., 1 km. n. Safed; Heb. a^T.l yv.; (not 

Ein Zetim). For Arab village see 'Ain ez Zeitiin. 
Ekron : Jew. Col., 25 km. s E.Jaffa; conv. for Heb. P"lj?JJ = 'Eqron. 

For Arab village see 'Aqir. 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN PALESTINE. 5 

Fajja: 15 km. n.e. Jaffa ; Ar. SSS?; (not Fejja, Fijja, Fqjjah). For Jew. 
Col. see 'Ein Gannim. 

Fatah, Khirbet Abu : 25 km. x. Jerusalem ; Ar. -% A h ,i. ; (not 
Khurbet Abu Fela). C * ^ 

Faliq, Nahr el : riv., 25 km. n. Jaffa; Ar. jlUl^i ; (not Falik). 

Fandaqumiye, El : 15 km. n.w. Nablus; Ar. It^juoll, from Gr. Fhvra- 
KOjxia = Pentakomia ; (not Fendakumiyeh, Fendakumie). 

Faqqu'a: 10 km. w. Beisan ; Ar. i£.Jj>; (not Fukua, Vukua). 

Far'a, Tell el : 25 km. s. Gaza ; Ar. ic,Ul JJ ; (not Tel al Fare). 

Fara, Wadi : riv., 10 km. n.e. Jerusalem; Ar. i^U ^ ; Heb. rnS = 
Periith ; (not Far'a). 

Far'a, Wadi el : riv., 10 km. n.e. Nablus ; Ar. ic,Ul ^\j ; (not Farah). 

Fasail, Khirbet : pr. Fasa-il : 35 km. n.e. Jerusalem ; Ar. J,Ui i^, 

from Gr. ^ao-^Ai's = Phaselis (Lat.) ; (not Fusail, Phasaelis)." 
Funduq, El : 10 km. w. Nablus ; Ar. jxJ] ; Heb. p^S = Pundaq. 
Fuqra, Wadi: riv., 50 km. s.e. Beersheba; Ar. i.Ls ,«|, ; (notWadv 

el Fikre. Figra). J " J V J 

Galilee : dist. ; conv. for Heb. W$PJ = Hag Galil ; Ar. JjJ'= El Jalll ; 

Gr. FaAtAata = Galilaia ; Lat. Galilaea ; Fr. Galilee ; Ital. Galilea ; 

Ger. Galilaa. 

Galilee, Sea of, or Lake of Tiberias; conv. for Ar. iij* ^ = Bahret 
Tabarlya; Heb. »~q33 DJ = Yam Kinnereth; Fr. Lac de Tiberiade ; 
(not Bahr Tubaria). 

Gan Shemuel : pr. Shemuel : Jew. Col., 10 km. s.e. Csesarea ; Heb. 
Nl^'4* j-; • (not Ganshmuel). 

Gaza : 80 km. s.w. Jerusalem; conv. (Lat. from Gr. lV£a) for Ar. sjx = 
Ghazze ; Heb. ITjy = Azza; (not Ghazah, Ghazzi. Ghuzze). 

Gedera: pr. Gedera: Jew. Col., 25 kin. s. Jaffa ; Heb. nvu. For Arab 
village see <^atra. 

Gerizim : see Tur, Jebel et. 

Ghazze, Wadi: riv., s. Gaza; Ar. sji ^j- (not Wady Ghuzzeh, 

Ghuzzi, Chaza, Kozze). 
Ghoraniye, El : 10 km. e. Jericho; Ar. iiil^l ; (not Gboranie). 
Grilboa: see Jelbun. 
Gihjal : see Jaljiilye and Jiljllya. 

Giv'ath 'Ada: Jew. Col., 10 km. e. Csesarea ; Heb. rm n?}?* Ar. 
^.l^Jl = El Marah. 

Giv'ath Binyamin : Jew. Col., 5 km. n.e. Ctesarea ; Heb. pDJ^a riy^. 
Hadera : Jew. Col., 10 km. s.e. Caesarea ; Heb. rrnn ■ Ar. ipia$ = 

El Khudeira ; (not Hedora, Khederah, Hudeira). 
Haifa: 120 km. n.w. Jerusalem ; Ar. IjL* ; Hel). S1p»n — Heifa ; Pr. 

Caiffa ; (not Haifa). 
Hamara: Jew. Col., 35 km. n.e. Safed; Heb. rrcn ; Ar. ».L»=Hamara. 
Har T6v : -Jew. Col., 20 km. w. Jerusalem ; Heb. 31B "H ; (not Hartuv). 

For Arab village see 'Artiif. 
Hasb : 60 km. a.E. Beersheba ; Ar. { _^ a ^ ; (not Hosb, Hosob, Hosab). 
Hebron: 30 km. s.w. Jerusalem; conv. for Heb. j'~-~ = Hevron; 

Ar. JjJI = El Khali! ; (not El Khulil). 
Hefzi Bah: pr. Heftel Ba\h: Jew. Col., 5 km. s. Caasarea ; Heb. 33 'VSl? 

(conv. Hephzibah) ; (not Hefai-bah). 



6 FIEST LIST OF NAMES IN PALESTINE. 

Hesi, Wadi el : riv., 10 km. n.e. Gaza 5 Ar. ^J^ ^\j ; (not Hesy). 
Hindaj, Wadi: riv., 15 km. N. Sea of Galilee; Ar. _lx> <jA 3 ; (not 

Wady Hindadj). 
Hittin : Jew. Col. and Arab village, 10 km. w. Tiberias ; Heb. ptSPI ; 

Ar. ch Joa. ; (not Hattln). 
Hnein, Wadi: see Nes Zlyona. 
Huj : 15 km. e. Gaza ; Ar. -p, ; (not Hudj). 
Hulda: Jew. Col., 30 km. s.e. Jaffa; Hel). !TV?n. For Arab village see 

Khulda. 
Hule, Lake : 15 km. n. Sea of Galilee ; conv. for s}^> »^s = Bahret el 
Hule ; Heb. 12CD DJ = Yam Samkhfi, or DHD ^ = Mei Merom, 
(conv. Waters of Merom). 
Hureira, Abu : 20 km. s.e. Gaza ; Ar. lj.j»y\ ; (not Hareire). 
'Imara, El : 25 km. s.e. Gaza ; Ar. ijLJl ; (not Immara, Emara). 
'Innabe : 25 km. s.e. Jaffa ; Ar. LLc ; (not Annabeh). 
'Iraq el Menshiye : 35 km. n.e. Gaza; Ar. 2£iiJI j;Uc ; (not Arak). 
'Iraq Ibrahim : hill, 10 km. n.e. Jerusalem ; Ar. ^stj>\ j;Uc ; (not Arak). 
Irqaiyiq, Abu : pr. loc. Irgaiyig : 10 km. n.w. Beersheba; Ar. JlSj jt\ \ 

(not Trgeig). 
Iskaka : 15 km. s. Nablus ; Ar. iS'tCl ; (not Isqaqa). 
Iskanderune, Nahr: riv., 15 km. S. Csesarea; Ar. u 3j ±£~>\jj ; (not 

Iskanderun). 
Jaba' : 15 km. n.w. Nablus ; Ar. *-* ; Heb. V>1= Geva' ; (not Jeba). 
Jaffa : 55 km. n.w. Jerusalem ; conv. (and Fr. and Ger.) for Ar. UU = 
Yafa; Heb. 1£? = Yafo ; Gr. 'Iom^Iope ; Lat. Joppe (conv. Joppa) ; 
Ital. Giaffa ; (not Yafah, Yaffa). 
Jaljulye: 25 km. n.e. Jaffa; Ar. iJ^ ; Heb. ?ft3 = Gilgal ; (not 

Jiljulieh). 
Jalud, Nahr el : riv., n. Beisan ; Ar. jjlls? 1 > ; Heb. inq 703 = Nahal 

Harod ; (not Djalud). 
J'ara : 25 km. s.e. Haifa ; Ar. ij*>. ; (not Jarah, Jarak, Para). 
Ja'une, El : 5 km. e. Safed ; Ar. i^cls. 1 ^ ; (not Jaauneh). For Jew. Col. 

see Rosh Pinna. 
Jelbun: 10 km. s.w. Beisan; Ar. ^jJb- ; Heb. tflSTS = Gilbo'a j (not 

Djelbon). 
Jemma'in : 10 km. s.w. Nablus; Ar. ^cUa-; (not Djemmain). 
Jenin : 25 km. N. Nablus ; Ar. ^ ; Heb. &$ 'fV. = 'Ein Gannim 

(conv. Engannim) ; (not Djenin, Jinin). 
Jericho : 25 km. n.e. Jerusalem ; conv. (Lat.) for Heb. lrV-£=Yerih6 ; 

Ar. Us^l = Erlha. 
Jermaq, Jebel el : mt., 10 km. N.w. Safed ; Ar. ^j? J^ ; ? = Heb. 

}10yy = 'Azmon, pr. 'Atsmon ; (not Jermuk). 
Jerusalem : conv. (and Ger.) for Heb. D^B'n; = Yerusmllayim ; Ar. 
L i, *\\ ^jjjl = El Quds esh Sherif ; Gr. c IepowoAi^a = Hierosolyma 
(Lat) ; Fr. Jerusalem ; Ital. Gerusalemme ; (not El Kuds, Kouds). 
Jezreel : see Zir'm. 

Jiljliya : 20 km. s. Nablus ; Ar. Wis!* ; Heb. ?f?3=Gilgal ; (not Jiljilia). 
Jisr el Majami 1 : 20 km. s. Tiberias ; Ar. ^.Is^^s. ; (not Mejamia, 
Mejamie, Mujame). 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN PALESTINE. 7 

Jill: 15 km. n.e. Jaffa ; Ar. JJ* ; (not Djelll). 

Joppa : see Jaffa. 

Jordan : riv. ; eonv. (ami Got.) for Heb. |TE = Yarden; Ar. hojA\ = 

Esh Sheri'a, or t j^Vl^i = NahrelUrdunn; Gr. 'Io/oSav^s==Iordanes ; 

Lat. Jordanes ; Fr. Jourdain ; ltal. Giordano. 
Judaea: dist. ; conv. (Lat.) for Heb. iTTirp = Yehuda ; Gr. 'lovhaia = 

Ioudaia; Fr. Judee; Ttal. Giudea ; Ger. Judaa. 

Kahmum, Jebel el : hill, 20 km. e. Jerusalem; Ar. ^j^Jl J^ ; (not 

Kalimum). 
Kefar Gil'adi : Jew. Col., 30 km. n. Safed ; Heb. HS^-l 1§? ; Ar. 

jUo. jS = Kufr Jihad. 
Kefar Malal : pr. Kefar Malal : Jew. Col., 20 km. n.e. Jaffa ; Heb. 

L]l ~"2 *l£|. For Arab village see Byar 'Adas. 
Kefar Sava : Jew Col., 25 km. N.E.Jaffa; Heb. X^p 1©?. For Arab 

village see Kufr Saba. 
Kefar Tavor: Jew. Col., 15 km. s.w. Tiberias ; Heb. "I13fi "1S3 • Ar. 

isr~° = Mas-ha. 

Kefar Uriya : Jew. Col., 25 km. w. Jerusalem ; Heb. n>11N "IS3 ; Ar. 

hjJS* * i J*' — Khirbet Kafriirye ; (not Kefr Uryeh, Kefrurieh). 
Kerkur: Jew. Col., 10 km. e. Csesarea; Heb. 1«"J5 ; Ar. y J>J . 
Khan Yunis: 20 km. s.w. Gaza; Ar. ^-Jjj^Uj Heb. ~:v nun = 

Hanoth Yona ; (not Yunus, Yunas). 
Kharm : 20 km. w. Beersheba; Ar. *j» ; (not Karm). 

Khashm Zanne : 10 km. e. Beersheba; Ar. ii;*^; (not Khasim, 

Khasm Sanna). 
Khelasa, El : 20 km. s.w. Beersheba ; Ar. lAs^ ; Heb. ny-. i ?n = Haluza, 

pr. Haliitsa ; (not Khalassa). 
Khulda: 30 km. s.E. Jaffa; Ar. sj]».. For Jew. Col. see Hulda. 
Kidron : see Nar, Wadi en. 

Kinnereth: Jew. Col., 10 km. s. Tiberias \ Heb. rn33 ; Ar. oJ^ = 

Kinneiret. 
Kishon : see Muqatta', Nahr el. 

Kseife : 25 km. E. Beersheba; Ar. ii^J ; (not Kuseife, Akseifi). 
Kufr Qaddum : 10 km. w. Nablus ; Ar. ^SijS\ Heb. npip^Qidma ; 

(not Kaddum). ' 

Kufr Qasim : 20 km. n.e. Jaffa; Ar. ^,\aj^\ (not Kasim). 
Kufr Ra'i : 20 km. \.w. Nablus; Ar. jSjjC', (not Raay). 

Kufr Saba: 25 km. n.e. Jaffa ; Ar. \>\~j£; (not Kefr Sabba). For 

Jew. Col. 8( e Kefar Sa\ §.. 
Kurnub : 35 km. s.e. Beersheba ; Ar. i_^T; Heb. Tfyfy = Tamar. 
Kurum, Ras el: tape, n.w. Haifa ; Ar. rJ ^Jl ^ ■ (not Ras el Kerum, 

Keram, Cape Carmel). 
Lajjun, El: 20km. s.w. Nazareth; Ar. ^\ from Lat. Legio ; (not 

El Lejjan, and probably not Megiddo, q.v.). 
Lydda : 20 km. s.E. Jaffa ; conv. ( Lat. from Gr. Av'SSa) ; Ar. D = Lidd ; 

Heb. "TO ■= Lud, form. "'" = Lod ; (not Ludd). 
Maghar, El: 25 km. s. Jaffa; Ar. ^UJI ; Heb. nijgQ = MaqqSda. 
Mahanayim : Jew. Col.,5km. e. Safed ; Heb. D^HO; (not Mahnayim). 
Mahraqa, El: mt., 20km. s.e. Haifa; Ar. ii^ 1 ; (no! Mohraka). 
Majdal, El: 5 km. N.w. Tiberias ; Ar. Jj**H ; (no! El Mejdel). For 

•Jew . ( !ol. see .M icrdal. 



8 FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN PALESTINE. 

Majdal, El: 20 km. n.e. Gaza; Ar. Jj^, or JU~e ^^ = Majdal 

'Asqalan ; Heb. "U ^0 = Migdal Gad ; (not El Medjdel). 
Marqab, Tell el : hill, 20 km. s.w. Gaza ; Ar. i_^Jl J>" ; (not Tel el 

Marakeb, Ras Markhab). 
Mas'udiye, El : station, near Sebustiye ; Ar. ioj*~Jl ; (not Messudie). 
Megiddo : name of battles Sept. 1918 ; Heb. ttJO ; original site either 

5 km. s.w. Beisan, Ar. c.1^ hj» = Khirbet el Mujadda', or 20 km. 

s.w. Nazareth, Ar. u? s^ = El Lajjun, q.v. 
Meiron : 5 km. w. Safed ; Ar. uv ~* ; Heb. JVIQ = Meron. 
Menahamiya: pr. Menahamiya : Jew. Col, 15 km. s. Tiberias ; Heb. 

i"PpnJI3; Ar. sdi = Beqa'; (not Melhamia, Milhamiah, Bukaa, Beka'). 
Merhavyah: JewTCol., 10 km. s. Nazareth ; Heb. n#0"K? ; Ar. ilyll = 

El Fule ; (not Merhaviah, Merhabyah). 
Merom, Wafers of : see Hule, Lake. 
Metulla : Jew. Col., 35 km. sr. Safed ; Heb. H^BD ; Ar. ilkjl = El 

Mutille. 
Migdal : Jew. Col., 5 km. N.w. Tiberias ; Heb. 7^?. For Arab village 

see Majdal, El. 
Milh, Wadi el : riv., 25 km. n.e. Nablus ; Ar. JJ1 ^plj ; (not Male). 

Miqve Yisrael : Jew. Col, 5 km. s.e. Jaffa; Heb. bw$\ nijpp ; Ar. 

jj} — Neiter ; (not Mikweh Israel). 
Mishmar hay Yarden : Jew. Col., 15 km. n.e. Safed ; Heb. |3T.~ lEf p ; 

Ar. i_jjfl» ob^* = Jisr Benat Ya'qfib ; (not Haiyarden). 
Mizpa : pr. Mitspa : Jew. Col, 5 km. w. Tiberias ; Heb. ns?fi ; Ar. 

^S *c = Ain Katab ; (not Mispah). 
Moza: pr. Motsa: Jew. Col., 5 km. w. Jerusalem ; Heb. NViE ; (not 

Mozah, Mosa). For Arab village see Qalonye. 
Mqeible : 20 km. s. Nazareth; Ar. iLJL ; (not Mukeibileh). 
Mughaiyir, El : 25 km. s.e. Nablus ; Ar. Jj^\ ; (not El Mugheir). 
Mukhmas : 15 km. n.e. Jerusalem ; Ar. ^Us" ; Heb. ^!2?P = Mikh- 

mash (conv. Michmash). 
Muqatta', Nahr el : riv., s.e. Haifa, Palestine ; Ar. ^SaSjl > ; Heb. 

\Vl^p ^rij = Nahal Qishon (conv. Kishon) ; (not Mukutta, Mukata). 
Musallabe, El : 30 km. n.e. Jerusalem; Ar. 'il**)\ ; (not El Musellabeh). 
Mushaqqah, Jebel el : mt., 20 km. n. Acre; Ar. h*J\ J-* ; (not Mu- 

shakka). "* 

Muzeir'a, El : 20 km. e. Jaffa; Ar. ic^>Jl ; (not El Mezeireh). 
Nabi Musa, En : 20 km. e. Jerusalem ; Ar. ^^ ^Jl ; (not Neby). 
Nabi Salih, En: 25 km. s.w. Nablus; Ar. JU^Jl; (not Neby Sale). 
Nabi Samweil, En : 10 kin. n.w. Jerusalem ■ Ar. Jjj** ^Jl ; Heb. 

nSVP = Mizpa, pr. Mitspa; (not Neby Samuil). 
Nabi Yunis, En : 30 km. s. Jaffa ; Ar. ^jj ^1 ; (not Neby Yunas). 
Nablus : 50 km. n. Jerusalem ; Ar. ^li, from'Gr. NeaTi-oAis = Neapolis 

(Lat.); Heb. D3# = Shekhem (conv. Shechem) ; Gr. Su^f 1 = Sykhem ; 

Lat. Sychem ; Fr. Naplouse ; (not Nabulus). 
Nabalal: Jew. Col, 5 km. w. Nazareth ; Heb. 7?nj ; Ar. J jl*. = Ma'liiL 
Nahalath Yehuda : pr. Nahalath Yehuda : Jew. Col., 10 km. s.e. 

Jaffa ; Heb. iTJIiT n?Dl 
Najd : 15 km. n.e. Gaza ; Ar. j*i j (not Nejd, Nejed). 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN PALESTINE. 9 

Naqura, Ras en : cape, 20 kin. n. Acre; Ar. i^sUl JSj ; Heb. "nv D.^D 
= Sullam Zor, pr. Tsor ; alt. Ladder of Tyre ; (not Ras el Nakura). 

Nar, Wadi en: riv., s.e. Jerusalem; Ar. ^Ul ^jIj ; Heb. J1"n.p=Qidron 
(conv. Kidron or Cedron) ; (not Wady el Nar). 

Nazareth : 30 km. s.e. Haifa ; conv. (Lat.) for Heb. rnyj = Nazrath, 
pr. loc. Natseret ; Ar. i^eUl = En Nasira. 

Ne'ane : 25km. s.e. Jaffa; Ar. iiUi ; Heb. HDS? J = Na'ama ; (not Naaneh). 

Nejlle, Tell en : 30 km. e. Gaza; Ar. iLst 5 ' JJ ; (not Tel el Nejileh). 

Nes Ziyona: pr. TsfySna : J^w. Col., 15 km. s.e. Jaffa; Heb. nJI'V DJ ; 
Ar. ^^ ,^j^ = Wadi Hnein ; (not Ness Siona, Wady Hanin). 

Nezle, En : 5 km. n. Gaza ; Ar. iJ^JI ; (not El Nesleh, Nuzle). 

Ni'lin : 25 km. n.w. Jerusalem ; Ar. ^^6 ; (not Nalin). 

Palestine : conv. (and Fr.) for Ar. ^.W...^ = Falastln ; Heb. official 

( V 'N) nj , r , vt?? = PalestIna; Gi\ IIaAaicrTiV?7 = Palaistine ;, Lat. Palses- 

tina; Ital. Palestina ; Ger. Paliistina ; Heb. unofficial sftyi?) "v'? = 

Erez Yisrael, pr. Erets Yisra-el. 
Peqi'in: Jew. Col., 15 km. w. Safed ; Heb. jTi?? ', Ar. 2*iJ1 = El 

Buqei'a ; (not El Bukeiah). 
Pethah Tiqva : Jew. Col., 15 km. n.e. Jaffa ; Heb. ni|p*7i nn? ; 

Ar. (j-iio = Mulebbis ; (not Petah Tikwah). 
Poriya: Jew. Col., 10 km. s. Tiberias; Heb. i"P*11S - } (not Poriah). 
Qabalan : 15 km. s. Nablus ; Ar. J3J, ; (not Kubalan). 
Qabatye : 20 km. x. Nablus ; Ar. iisUi ; (not Kubatiya, Kubatie). 

Qa'et el Qrein : valley, 90 km. s. Beersheba, Palestine ; Ar. ^^/ll ic^ ; 

(not Gaat el Greg). 
Qalandye : 10 km. n. Jerusalem ; Ar. hxis ; (not Kalendieh, Kulundia). 

For Jew. Col. see 'Ataroth. 
Qalonye : 5 km. w. Jerusalem; Ar. i-iJa, from Lat. Colonia ; (not Ku- 

lonie). For Jew. Col. see Moza. 
Qalqilye : 25 km. n.e. Jaffa; Ar. iJUils ; (not Kalkilieh, Kal Kiliya). 
Qannir : 15 km. e. Csesarea ; Ar. ^J j (not Kannir). 
Qaqun : 20 km. s.e. Caesarea ; Ar. ^U ; (not Kakon). 
Qam, Wadi el : riv., 15 km. n. Acre; Ar. jA\ <js\j', (not Kurn). 

Qaryet el 'Inab : 10 km. w. Jerusalem ; Ar. l_*jJ1 hi ; (not Kuryet el 

Enab). For Jew. Col. see Qiryatb 'Anavim. 
QaryQt : 20 km. s. Nablus ; Ar. Ojj^ ; (not Kuriyut). 
Qasab, Wadi el: riv., 60 km. s.e. Beersheba; Ar. ^^\ \js\j', (not 

Wady el [gseib, Ivuseib). 
Qash, Abu : 20 km. N. Jerusalem ; Ar. ^J£ y\ ; (not Rush). 
Qastal, El : 10 km. w. Jerusalem ; Ar. Jk-Jill, from Lat. Castellumj 

(not Ivustul). 
Qastine, El : 40 km. \.e. Gaza; Ar. i~k~ii)l ; (not Kustiueh, Kastinia). 

For Jew. Col. see Beer Tovfya. 

Qatanne : 15 km. n.w. .Jerusalem ; Ar. i-Jw ; (not Katanneh). 

Qatra : 25 km. s. Jaffa; Ar. sA»j (not Katrah). For Jew. Col. see 

GedSra. 
Qa'un, Khirbet : 1 km. s. Beisan ; Ar. ^jcXahj*; (not ELhurbe Kaaun). 
Qawuqa, Khirbet: 20 km. n.w. Mccrshrba ; Ar. mjj\s h .i. : (not 

Kburbet ELauwukah). 
Qezaze : 35 km. w. Jerusalem ; Ar. ij\ji> : (no( Ivezazeh, Qeraze). 



10 FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN PALESTINE. 

Qibye : 30 km. n.w. Jerusalem ; Ar. SLJ ; (not Kibbia, Kibbieh). 

Qire : 15 km. s.w. Nablus; Ar. IjJ ; (not Kireh). 

Qiryath 'Anavim : Jew. Col., 10 km. w. Jerusalem ; Heb. D" 1 ??!? n^-fp ; 

(not Kiria). For Arab village see Qaryet el 'Inab. 
Qruntul, Jebel: hill, 5 km. n.w. Jericho; Ar. $uj J-». ; (notKuruntul). 
Qubab, El : 30 km. S.E. Jaffa ; Ar. i_jli)1 ; (not El Kubab). 
Qubeibe(-t esh Sherqiye), El : 25 km. w. Hebron ; Ar. l1Jiy^\ **-&] ; 

(not Esh Sherkiye el Kubeibe, Kabeibe). 
Qumran, Wadi : riv., 15 km. s. Jericho ; Ar. ^I^S ^j^\j\ (not Kumran). 
Qunbaze : 20 km. n.e. Csesai-ea ; Ar. ijL^ ; (not Kumbazeh). 
Qusqus : 15 km. w. Nazareth; Ar. ^aLrx ; (not Kuskus). 
Qusra : 15 km. s.e. Nablus ; Ar. i *& ; (not Kusrah). 
QOza: 10 km. s. Nablus ; Ar. i\£ ; (not Kuzah). 
Ram Allah : 15 km. N. Jerusalem ; Ar. <d)l Jj ; (not Rahm Alia). 
Rame, Er : 35 km. e. Acre; Ar. i*\J\ ; Heb. HIST = Rama; (not Rami). 
Ramie, Er: 20 km. s.w. Jaffa ; Ar. il^l ; Heb. !T?D1 = Ramla. 
Rammun : 20 km. n.e. Jerusalem ; Ar. ^^ ; Heb. ]1£H = Rimmon. 
RantlS : 25 km. e. Jaffa ; Ar. u ^j ; (not Rentis). 
Rantye: 15 km. E. Jaffa; Ar. ioJ.; (not Rantieh). 

Rehovoth: Jew. Col., 20 km. s.e. Jaffa; Heb. HUTT); Ar. J\^ l>j^ = 

Khirbet Deiran. 
Rishon le Ziyon : pr. le Tslyon : Jew. Col., 10 km. s.e. Jaffa ; Heb. 

JI'V 1 ? ]WX1 ; Ar. ijs ^z = 'Uyiin Qara ; (not Richon le Sion, 

Ayun Kara). 
Rosh Pinna : Jew. Col., 5 km. e. Safed ; Heb. H3S a'N'l ; ( no t Rosh 

Pinnah). For Arab village see Ja'iine, El. 
Ruhama : Jew. Col, 20 km. e. Gaza ; Heb. HDnn ; Ar. iAtJ^ uj*. = 

Khirbet el Jemmame. 
Ruheibe, Er : 30 km. s.w. Beersheba ; Ar. i-^l ; Heb. HUUT] = 

Rehovoth (conv. Rehoboth) ; (not El Raheiba, Rukheibe). 
Rujm edh Dhlb: hills, 20 km. n. Beersheba; Ar. ^ojJI^. ; (not Rijm 

el Dhib). '" 

Ruqti, Tell er: 10 km. n. Jaffa ; Ar. J»J\ JJ; (not Tel el Rekkeit). 
Safed : 20 km. n. Tiberias ; Ar. ±su> ; Heb. H£V = Zefath, pr. Tsefat. 

SaffQrye : 5 km. n. Nazareth ; Ar. hjjuo ; Heb. , ")1SV=Zippori, pr. Tsip- 

pori ; (not Seffurieh, Suffuriya). 
Safriye, Es : 10 km. s.e. Jaffa; Ar. ifj\J\ ; Heb. Kp.ISP = Seforiya ; 

(not Safrieh). 

Samakh : 10 km. s.e. Tiberias; Ar. >**, ; Heb. HD^ 1§r = Kefar 

Zemah, pr. Tsemah. 
Samara, Khirbet es : 10 km. e. Caesarea ; Ar. S~*J1 hJ>. ; (not 

Khurbet es Sumrah). 

Samaria: (list.; conv. (Lat. from (Jr. ^iafxapua = Sanmreia) for Heb. 

jTiD'tP = Shomron ; Fr. Samarie. 
Samye, Wadi : riv., 25 km. n.e. Jerusalem ; Ar. i^L. ^jlj ; (not 

Wady Samieh). 
Sarafand : 20 km. s. Haifa ; Ar. s*jo ; (not Surafend). 
Sarar, Wadi es : riv., L0 km. w. Jerusalem ; Ar. ^LJI ^±\j ; Heb. 

p~:1w ?rij = Niihal Shoreq (conv. Sorek) ; (not "Wady Surar). 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN PALESTINE. H 

Sbeita : 40 km. s. Beersheba ; Ar. iW— ; Heb. n?V = Zefath, pr. Tsefat ■ 
(not Esbeita). 

Sdud: 35 km. x.k. Gaza; Ar. *jx* ; Heb. "IlTfg s Ashdod; Gr. 

".UWoj = Azotos; Lat. Azotus ; (not Esdud). 
Sebustiye: 10 km. x.w. Nablus; Ar. i,W_., from Gr. Se/fcurnj = 

Sevaste, Lat. Sebaste; Heb. )1"ipitP=Shomron, whence Samaria a. v. ■ 

(not Sebustie, Sebastiya). 

Seilun: 20 km. s. Nablus; Ar. ^Lj Heb. rf>? = Shllo (conv. Shilob). 

Semak, Tell es: hill, 5 km. w. Haifa; Ar. dUJl JJ; Heb. n:ii2p£ 

= Shiqmona ; (not Tel es Semakh). 
Shafa 'Amr: 15 km. b. Haifa: Ar.^c Ui ; Heb. 21'"?"* = Shefar'am. 
Shammamiye, Esh : 10 km. s.b. Haifa ; Ar. ilCdl : (not Shemamieh). 

Sharon : dist., x. Jaffa ; conv. for Heb. |1.T^n = Hash Sharon ; Fr., Ital. 

ami ( lev. Saron. 

Sharona : Jew. Col., 10 km. s.w. Tiberias; Heb. T\yr:r ■ Ar. b, L, = 
Sarona. -^ 

Shatta : 20 km. s.e. Nazareth : Ar. ski ; Heb. hl^m ma = Beith 

hash Shitta : (not Shutta). 
Shechem : see Nablus. 

Shefaya: Jew. Col., 10 km. x.k. Csesarea; Heb. n*?B* : Ar. Lii = 
Shefeia. 

Sheikh Muwannis, Esh : 10 km. n.e. Jaffa ; Ar. , JL -^Jl • (not 
Sheik Muannis). ^^C 

Sheikh Redwan, Esh: n.w. Gaza; Ar. JLj ._jl!I ; (not Kedwam, 
Arduan). C 

Shejara, Esh: 10 km. s.w. Tiberias ; Ar. i^. For Jew Col see 
Shezera. ^ 

Shemmam, Tell esh: 20 km. s.e. Haifa ; Ar. jliJI JJ; (not Tel el 
Shammam). 

Shephelah: dist. ; conv. for Heb. ^$7? = Hash Shefeia ; Fr. Sephela ; 
Ger. Sephela. 

Sheri'a, Wadi esh: riv., 15 km. s. Gaza; Ar. i»,d1 ^J, ; (not Wadv 
el Sharia). "' - J J 

Shezera: Jew. Col., 10 km. s.w. Tiberias; Heb. rn;:r ; (not Sedshera). 
For Arab village see Shejara, Esh. 

Shiloh : see Seilun. 

Shkara, Khirbetesh: 20 km. N.Jerusalem ; Ar.^£dli^;(no1 Eshkara). 

Silet edh Dhahr : 15 km. x.w. Nablus; Ar. M\ iu, • (nol Silel 
ed Dahr). J 

Sinjil : 20 km. s. Nablus; Ar. J.*i-», from Fr. Saint Gilles ; (nol Sindjil). 
Sleimiye: mt., x.k. Nablus; Ar. ij^Ju; Heb. S -*V = -Fivfd (conv. 
Ebal ) : (nol Eslamie, lv^ Suleimiyeh). 

Suqreir, Nahr : riv., 25 km. s. Jaffa; Ar. jijL»j$ ; (not Sukereir, Wadi 

Sumt). 
Tabor : see Tur, Jebe] et. 

Taiyibe, Et : pr. Taibe: 25 km. w. Nablus : Ar. IJ&\; Heb. n^B = 

Tlva : (nol El Tayyibeh, Taij ibi). 
Taiyibe, Et : pr. Taibe: 20km. n.e. Jerusalem; Ar. SLSlall ; llel.. rnfli; 

= 'Of ra (conv. Ophrah) ; (nol El Tayyibeh, Taiyibi), 



12 FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN PALESTINE. 

Tal'at ed Damm : hill, 15 kin. n.e. Jerusalem ; Ar. ^jJI i*!l> ; Heb. 

D\2"IN : n^O = Ma'ale Adummim ; (not Talaat el Dumm). 
Tantura : 25 km. s.w. Haifa ; Ar. j^^kis. For Jew. Col. see Dor. 
Tarqumye : 10 km. N.w. Hebron; Ar. I**jS^ ; (not Terkumie). 
Tarshlha : 20 km. n.e. Acre; Ar. Is*" - J ; (not Teir Shiha). 

Tel 'Adas : Jew. Col., 5 km. s. Nazareth; Heb. &)'£ b® ; Ar. ^j£ JJ = 
Tell 'Adas, or ic,jjl = El Mezra'a. 

Tel Aviv : Jew. township, 5 km. e. Jaffa ; Heb. ^SK 7J? ; Ar. l_*o1 JJ 

= Tell Abib ; (not Tell Afif). 
Tel Hai : Jew. Col., 30 km. n. Safed; Heb. V b$ ; Ar. isP» = Talha. 

T'ennik : 20 km. s.w. Nazareth ; Ar. du» ; Heb. T]Jg5 = Ta'anakh ; 

(not Tannuk). 
Tiberias: 50 km. e. Haifa; conv. (Lat.) for Ar. if Jo — Tabarlya ; 

Heb. nn.3t? = Tevarya; Fr. Tiberiade ; (not Tubaria, Tabariyeh). 
Tiberias, Lake of: see Galilee, Sea of. 
Tibq el Quneitra : hill, 20 km. e. Jerusalem ; Ar. ija^] L ^l> ; (not 

Tubk el Kaneiterah). 
Tine, Et: 40 km. w. Jerusalem ; Ar. iuJI ; (not El Tineh). 
Tul Karm: 25 km. n.w. Nablus j Ar. ^j J>1 ; Heb. 0^3 b$ = Tel 

Kerem ; (not Keram). 
Tulul, Abu et: hill, 10 km. n. Jericho; Ar. JjUl y) ; (not Abutellul). 
Tur, Jebel et: mt., s. Nablus; Ar. ^1 J->. ; Heb. D^TS 10 = Har 

Gerizzim (conv. Gerizim). 
Tur, Jebel et : mt., 10 km. e. Nazareth; Ar. jjd\ J-> ; Heb. "113^1 11 

= Har Tavor (conv. Tabor). 

'Ujul, Tell el : hill, 10 km. s.w. Gaza ; Ar. J^ JJ ; (not Tel Ajur, ' Ajjul). 
Waraqani, El : 10 km. s.w. Nazareth ; Ar. (jl^jJl ', (not Warakany). 
Yaquq : 10 km. n.w. Tiberias; Ar. ^ylj ; Heb. plpn = Huqqoq ; (not 

Yakuk). 
Yavneel: pr. Yavne-el: Jew. Col., 10 km. s. Tiberias; Heb. 'ft??!; Ar. 

i£, = Yamma ; (not Yabneel, Yabniel). 
Yazur : 5 km. s.e. Jaffa; Ar. jjj\>; (not Yazir). 
Yehudiye, El : 15 km. e. Jaffa ; Ar. ijijfell ; Heb. VP = Yehud ; (not 

Yehudie). 
Yesud ham Ma'ala: pr- Yesud bam Ma'ala: Jew. Col., 15 km. n.e. 

Safed ; Heb. nJs©B 1C; ; Ar. s^j bj* = Khirbet Zbeid ; (not 

Yessod Hammaalah). 
Yibna : 20 km. s. Jaffa ; Ar. i^> ; Heb. 135! = Yavne (conv. Jabneh). 
Zarqa, Nahr ez : riv., 5 km. n. Csesarea ; Ar. A^j)!^ ; (not Zerka, 

Crocodile River). 
Zawiye, Ez : 25 km. s.w. Nablus; Ar. h } \}\ ; (not Zawieh). 
Zeinat, Umm ez : 20 km. s. Haifa ; Ar. objJI 1\ ; (notUmmezZeinal). 
Zib, Ez : 15 km. n. Acre; Ar. u_*jjll ; Heb. TO8 = Akbzlv (conv. 

Achzib). 
Zikhron Ya'aqov : Jew. Col., 10 km. n.e. Csesarea ; Heb. 3pJR p*p; . 

Ar. ijij&j — Zimmarln; (not Zikeron Ya'akob, Zicron Jacob). 
Zir'in : 15 km. s. Nazareth ; Ar. ^c,j; Heb. bw\V. = Yizre'el (conv. 

Jezreel) ; (not Zerin). 



LONDON : PRINTED BY WM. CLOWES AND SONS, LT1'., DUKE STREET, STAMFORD STREET, B.B. 1. 



EUROPE 



General Lists 1-2 



Czechoslovakia (Bohemia only) 



/ 

PERMANENT COMMITTEE ON GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES 
FOR BRITISH OFFICIAL USE. 



FIRST GENERAL LIST OF EUROPEAN 

NAMES. 



The spelling of the European place-names in the following list is that 
decided on by the Permanent Committee on Geographical Names for 
British Official Use. It is recognised that the spelling of names is not 
ronsistent, e.g. two places in the same country may be given, one in the 
native and the other in a conventional form. The aim throughout has 
been to give the former precedence over the latter, but owing to confirmed 
usage a large number of conventional spellings have had to be retained. 

In the new states of Central Europe many place-names have been 
changed by the change in official language ; and in other countries, e.g. 
Sweden and Holland, a new spelling has been officially adopted. 

In this list many popular mis-spellings and mis-pronunciations have 
been corrected, and it is hoped that the list will supply a standard for 
spelling these names in the future. 

Alternative spellings are given for use when the printer has not 
the necessary varieties of type, as in Rumanian, Polish, etc. Where the 
diacritical marks are retained without an alternative being given, the 
alternatives would be represented by the name with the diacritical marks 
omitted. The Committee strongly recommend that these marks be 
retained wherever possible. 

This list will be followed by further lists of European, Asiatic, African, 
American and Australasian names, to be published as leaflets with the 
Geographical Journal. 

Edward Gleichen, Maj.-Gen., 

Chairman, P.C.G.N. 
Royal Geographical Society, 

Kensington Gore, 

London, S.W. 7. 

April, 1921. Corrected, July, 1921. 



Published for the Permanent Committee on Geographical Name* by the 
Royal Geographical Society. 

Price Sixpence. 



FIRST GENERAL LIST OF EUROPEAN 

NAMES. 







ABBREVIATIONS, Etc. 


Alb. . 


Albanian. 






Mag. 


Magyar (Hungarian). 


alt. . 


alternative. 






mod. . 


modern. 


anc. . 


ancient. 






mt. . 


mountain. 


Ar. . 


Arabic. 






Nor. . 


Norwegian . 


Bulg. 


Bulgarian. 






off. . 


official. 


Ceskoslo^ 


. Ceskoslovenska 


Flepublika = 


orig. . 


original. 




Czechoslovakia (see 


list). 


pen. . 


peninsula. 


C'esky 


Czech. 






Pol. . 


Polish. 


conv. 


conventional. 






pop. . 


popular. 


Dan. . 


Danish. 






Port. 


Portuguese. 


dept. 


department. 






pr. . 


pronounced. 


Est. . 


Estonian. 






prop. 


properly. 


Finn. 


Finnish. 






riv. 


river. 


Flem. 


Flemish. 






Rum . 


Rumanian . 


form. 


formerly. 






Russ. 


Russian. 


Fr. . 


French. 






S.H.S. 


(Kraljevina) Srba Hrvata 


Geor. 


Georgian. 








i Slovenaca = Yugoslavia 


Ger. . 


German. 








(see list). 


Gr. . 


Greek. 






Sp. . 


Spanish. 


isld. . 


island. 






Swed . 


Swedish. 


Ital. . 


Italian . 






Turk. 


Turkish. 


Lat. . 


Latin. 






Ukr. . 


Ukrainian. 


Lett. 


Lettish. 






Wall. 


Walloon. 


Lith. 


Lithuanian. 











The pronunciations are in accordance with the R.G.S. II System, for which see 
Geog. Jour., Jan. 1921, Vol. LVII, pp. 40-43; or an explanatory leaflet can be had on 
application to the Royal Geographical Society. 

The acute accent ' indicates the stress. The apostrophe ' indicates a liquid sound' 
a, e, u = the neutral vowel as in marine, often, difficult. 



Abo : pr. Obo : Finland ; conv. (Swed.) for Finn. Turku ; (not Abb). 

Adige : pr. A'dlje (not Adij) : riv., Italy ; Ger. Etsch. 

Aigion : pr. Eyion : Greece; Gr. Alyiov, form. Boo-TiVo-a = Vostitsa ; 

(not Aegion, Vostitza, Vostizza). 
Akhtopol : Bulgaria; Bulg. AxtoiiojUi; Gr. 'AyafloVoAis = Agathopolis ; 

Turk. j^A^iT = Akhteboli ; (not Agatopolis, Agatbopoli, Aghatopoli, 

Akhtabolou, Akhtebolu, Ak Teboli). 
Aland: pr.Oland : islds., Finland ; conv. (Swed.) for Finn. Ahvenanmaa ■ ; 

(not Aaland). 
Alba Iulia : pr. Alba Yulya : Transylvania, Rumania ; Ger. Karlsburg ; 

Mag. Gyulafehervar, pr. Dyula-. 
Altona : pr. A'ltona : Hamburg, Germany. 

Antivari : pr. Antivari : Montenegro, S.H.S. ; conv. (Ital.) for Serb- 
Croat Bap, Bar ; Alb. Tivar. 
Antwerp : Belgium ; conv. for Fr. Anvers ; Flem. and Ger. Antwerpen. 
Archangel: Russia; conv. for Russ. Apxanre.ibCKT> = Arkhangelsk ; 

(not Arkhangel). 



FIRST GENERAL LIST OF EUROPEAN NAMES. 8 

Argyrokastron : pr. Aryirokastron : Albania ; conv. (Gr. 'ApyvpoKaarpov) 

for Alb. Gjinokastre, pr. Gyinokastre ; Turk. ^jj>\ = Ergeri : (not 

Argyrokastro, Arghyrocastro). 
Athens : Greece; conv. for Gr. 'Adrjvat = Athenai, pr. Athine : Fr. Athenes : 

Ger. Atheu ; Ital. Atene ; Sp. Atenas ; Russ. AeiiHU = Atini. 
Athos, Mount: conv. for one or all of the following : (1) "A6w = Athos, 

monastery. (2) "Aytov ' Qpos = Agion Oros, pr. A'yion Oros, mt., 

(3) \Aktt) = Akte, pr. Akti, pen. ; Ital. Monte Santo ; Bulg. CBeTa 

Topa AroHCKa = Sveta Gora Atonska. 
AugUStdw : pr. Augiistuf : Poland ; Russ. ABiycTOBt = Avgustov, pr. 

Avgustof; Lith. Augusta vas ; (not August. >vo). 
Badajoz : pr. Yadhahoth (nearly) : Spain. 
Balaton : lake, Hungary ; Ger. Platten See ; Serb-Croat BjaTHO Je3epo, 

Blatno Jezero, pr. Yezero. 
Basle: pr. Bal : Switzerland; conv. for Ger. Basel; Fr. Bale; Ital. 

Basil ea. 
Belgrade : S.H.S. ; conv. (and Fr.) for Serb-Croat Beorpaj, Beograd, pr. 

Beograd in Serb, Biograd in Croat ; Ger. Belgrad. 
Berezina: riv.. White Russia; Buss. Bepe3HHa, pr. Byeryezina : Pol. 

Berezyna ; (not Beresina). 
Berne : Switzerland ; Fr. ; Ger. Bern : Ital. Berna. 
Bialystok : pr. Byawistok (nearly) : Poland ; Russ. Bt.iocTOKfc = 

Byelostok ; Lith. Balstoge ; (not Belostok, Bielostock). 
Biscay, Bay Of : France-Spain ; conv. for Fr. Golfe de Gascogne, pr. 

Gaskon' ; Sp. Golfo de Vizcaya, pr. Vithkaya. 
Bistrita or Bistritsa : Transylvania, Rumania ; Mag. Besztercze, pr. 

Bestertse ; Ger. Bistritz. 
Bjbrneborg : pr. By6rn<?bor' (almost -bori) : Finland ; conv. (Swed.i for 

Finn. Pori ; (not Biorneborg, Berneborg). 
Borodino: pr. Baradin6: Russia; Russ. BopOflHHO. 
Braila: pr. Braila : Rumania; (not Braila, Ibrail). 
Brasov or Brashov : Transylvania, Rumania; Mag. Brasao, pi-. 

Broshsho ; Ger. Kronstadt. 
Bratislava: Ceskoslov. ; Ger. Pressburg; Mag. Pozsony, pr. Pozhon' ; 

(not Prespurk). 
Brno: pr. B^rno ; Ceskoslov. ; Ger. Briinn. 

Bromberg : Poland ; conv. (Ger.) for Pol. Bydgoszcz, pp. Bfdgoshch. 
Brunswick : Germany ; conv. for Ger. Braunschweig. 
Brussels : Belgium ; conv. for Fr. Bruxelles, pr. Briixel in Belgium, 

Briisel in France ; Flcm. Brussel ; Ger. Brussel. 
Bucharest: Rumania; conv. for Bum. Bucuresti, pr. Bukureshti ; Pr. 

Bucaresl ; <ier. Bukarest. 
Budapest: pr. Budapeahi : Hungary; (not Buda-Pest, Budapesth). 
Budejovice : pr. Budyeyovitse : Ceskoslov.; Ger. Budweis. 
Burgas: Bulgaria; Bulg. By p ran,; Turk, ^js-y = Burgh ub ; (not 

Bourgas, Burghaz;. 



4 FIRST GENERAL LIST OF EUROPEAN NAMES. 

Cadiz : pi\ Kadhith : Spain ; conv. for Sp. Cadiz ; Fr. Cadix. 
Candia : town, Crete ; conv. (Ital.from orig. Ar. jxi* = Khandaq, Gr. 
XavSatj = Khandax) ; Gr. 'EpdnXctov = Erakleion, pr. Iraklion ; Fr. 
Candie ; (not Herakleon, Heraklion, Megalo Kastron). 
Canea : pr. Kanea : Crete ; conv. (Ital.) for Gr. Xaud = Khania ; Fr. 

La Canee. 
Carlsbad : Ceskoslov. ; conv. (Ger.) for Cesky Karlovy Vary ; Austro- 

Ger. Karlsbad. 
Cartagena : pr. Kartakhena : Spain ; Fr. Carthagene ; (not Carthagena). 
Cattaro : pr. Kattaro : S.H.S. ; conv. (Ital.) for Serb-Croat Koxop, 

Kotor. 
Cephalonia : Greece ; conv. (Lat.) for Gr. Ke^aXXijvia = Kephallenia, 

pr. Kefalinia ; Ital. Cefalonia ; (not Kephalonia). 
Cernavoda : pr. Chernavoda : Rumania ; Fr. Tcherna Voda. 
Cetinje: pr. Tsetinye : Montenegro, S.H.S. ; Serb H>THH>e ; Ital. 

Cettigne ; (not Cettinje). 
Chalons-SUr-Marne : Marne, France ; (not Chalon). 
Chalon-SUr-Sa6ne : Saone et Loire ; France ; (not Chalons, Chalon). 
Cheb : pr. Khep : Ceskoslov. ; Ger. Eger. 
Chernigov: pr. Chernigof : Ukraine; Russ.^epHiirOBi; Ukr. HepHiiriB 

= Chernihiv ; Fr. Tchernigov ; Ger. Tschernigow. 
Christiania : Norway ; conv. for Nor. Kristiania. 

Christiansand : Norway ; conv. for Nor. Kristiansand ; (not Christians- 
sand). 
Christiansund : Norway ; conv. for Kristiansund ; (not Christianssuncl). 
Cluj : pr. Kluzh : Transylvania, Rumania ; Mag. Kolozsvar, pr. 

Kolozhvar ; Ger. Klausenburg. 
Coblenz : pr. Koblents : Germany ; off. Ger. ; pop. Ger. Koblenz ; Fr. 

Coblence ; (not Coblentz). 
Cologne : pr. Kolon' : Germany ; conv. (Fr.) for off. Ger. Coin ; pop. 

Ger. Koln. 
Constance Lake of : Switzerland-Germany-Austria ; conv. for 
Ger. Boden See ; Fr. Lac de Constance ; Ital. Lago di Costanza ; (but 
see Konstanz). 
Constanta or Constantsa : Rumania ; Turko-Bulg. KiocTeH^ma = 

Kyustendja ; (not Constantza, Constanza, Kustendji). 
Constantinople : Turkey ; conv. (and Fr.)for Turk. JjJU-1 = Istanbul, 
pr. Istambul ; anc. Gr. 'Bv&vtiov = Byzantion ; Lat. Byzantium ; 
mod. Gr. KawTavTivouVoAis = Konstantinoupolis ; Russ. and 
Bulg. H>pbrpaji> = Tsar'grad ; Ger. Konstantinopel ; (not Stam- 
boul). 
Copenhagen : Denmark ; conv. for Dan. Kjobenhavn, pr. Kopenhaun 

Fr. Copenhague ; Ger. Kopenhagen. 
Cordoba : pr. Cordova : Spain ; Fr. Cordoue ; (not Cordova). 
Corfu : Greece ; conv. (Ital.) for Gr. KtpKvpa = Kerkyra ; Lat. Corcyra 
Serb-Croat Kp>J>, Krf j Fr. Corfou. 



FIRST GENERAL LIST OF EUROPEAN NAMES. 5 

Corinth : Greece ; conv. for Gr. Kopivdos = Korinthos : Fr. Corinthe ; 

Ital. Corinto. 
Corunna : Spain; conv. for Sp. La Coruna, pr. La Korunya ; Fr. La 

Corogne; old Eng. The Groyne. 
Cracow : Poland ; conv. for Pol. Krakow, pr. Krakuf ; Ger. Krakau . 

Fr. Cracorie. 
Czechoslovakia: pr. Chekho- : conv. but quite incorrect (partly Pol.) 
for Ceskoslovenska Republika, pr. Chesko- : Fr. Tcheco-Slovaquie J 
Ger. Tsehechoslowakien. 
Czernowitz : pr. Chernovits : Bukovina, Rumania ; conv. (Ger.) for 
Rum. Cernauti, pr. Chernautsi ; Ukr. T IepniBui = Chernivtsi ; Pol. 
Czerniowee, pr. Chernyoftse ; (not Czernovitz). 
Danube : riv. ; conv. (and Fr.) for Ger. Donau ; Cesky and Pol. Dunaj ; 
Mag. Duna ; Serb-Croat IjHaB, Dunav • Bulg. JyHaBi = Dunav ; 
Rum. Dunarea ; Ital. Danubio ; Ross. TyHair = Dunai ; Gr. 
AoiVa/fo = Dounavis. 
Danzig : pr. Dantsikh (nearly) : Pol. Gdansk, pr. Gdan'sk ; Lith. 

Giedainys ; (not Dantsic, Dantzig). 
Decin : pr. Dyechin : Ceskoslov. ; Ger. Tetschen ; (not Tetchen). 
Delfzijl : pr. Delfzail : Holland ; form. Delfzyl. 
Djakovica or Dyakovitsa: pr. Dyakovitsa : Montenegro, S.H.S.; Serb 

TjaKOBnua ; (not Djakova). 
Dnieper : riv., Ukraine-White Russia ; conv. for Russ. Jljiinpi. = 

Dnyepr; Ukr. J^inpo = Dnipro ; Pol. Dniepr. 
Dniester : riv., Ukraine-Rumania ; conv. for Russ. ftnicrp* = Dnyestr ; 

Ukr. JeicTep = Dnister ; Rum. Nistru ; Pol. Dniestr. 
Dobruja : pr. Dobruja : Rumania ; conv. for Rum. Dobrogea, pr. 

Dobrojea ; Bulg. Jo6pyu<Ka = Dobrudja .; Ger. Dobrudscha. 
Dorpat : Estonia ; conv. (Ger.) for Est. Tartu ; Russ. lOpbOBT, = Yur'ev, 

pr. Yuryef ; Swed. Dorpt. 
Drava : riv. ; Ital. and Croat; Serb ^paBa; Mag. Drava ; Fr. Drave , 

Ger. Drau. 
Dulcigno : pr. Dulchinyo: Montenegro, S.H.S. ; conv. (Ital.) for 

Serb-Croat y.-biuiH>, Ulcinj, pr. Ul'tsin'. 
Dunkirk : France ; conv. for Fr. Dunkerque ; (not Dunkerke). 
Durazzo : pr. Duratso : Albania ; conv. (Ital.) for Alb. Durres ; Serb- 
Croat Jpa'i, Drac, pr. Drach ; Gr. Auppa^tov = Dyrrakhion. 
Dvinsk : Latvia; conv. (Russ. .Ibiiiu'IM.) for Lett. Daugavpils; Lith. 

Daugpilis; (rer. Diinaburg ; (not Dwinsk, Dunaberg).i 
Elbrus: pr.ETbrus: mt., Caucasus \ Russ. SjitopycB; Geor. obrmo^ri^o 

= lalbu/.i : Tatar Ming] Tau : (not Elbruz, Elburz). ^ O 

Epirus: pr. I'pirus : Greece; conv. (Lat.) for Gr. "Httcipo? = Epeiros, 

pr. Ipirog : Fr. ftpire ; Ttal. Epiio. 
Euboea : Greece; conv. (Lat.) for Gr. Ew/Joia =s Ewoia, pr. Ewia ■ 
alt. Evpnroi = Evripoa (properly the straits between Euboea and 
mainland) ; Fr. Eubee Ital. Negroponte. 



6 FIRST GENERAL LIST OF EUROPEAN NAMES. 

Faeroes, The : islds., Denmark : conv. for Dan. Faeroerne : Faer. 

Foroyar : (not Faroe). 
Finistere : dept. France ; (not Finisterre). 
Finisterre : pr. Finistere : cape, Spain ; (not Finistere). 
Florence : Italy ; conv. (and Fr.) for Ital. Firenze, pr. Firentse or 

Firendze ; Ger. Florenz. 
Fiorina : strictly Phlorina : pr. Fiorina : Greece ; Gr. ^XcoptVa ; Turk. 

i^> ,Jj> = Filorina ; .Serb-Croat .lepiiH, Lerin. 
Flushing : Holland ; conv. for Dutch Vlissingen ; Fr. Flessingue. 
Focsani or Focshani : pr. Fokshani : Rumania ; (not Fokchany). 
Frankfurt (on the Main) : Germany ; Ger. Frankfurt am Main ; Fr. 

Francfort ; (not Frankfort). 
Frankfurt (on the Oder) : Germany ; Ger. Frankfurt am (prop, an der) 

Oder. 
Fredrikstad : Norway ; (not Fredriksstad, Frederikstad). 
Friedrichstadt : pr. Fridrikhshtatt : Latvia ; conv. (Ger.) for Lett. 
Jaunjelgava, pr. Yaunyelgava ; Lith. Naujarigis ; (not Fridrichstadt, 
Fridrikhshtadt). 
Galatz : Rumania ; conv. (and Fr.) for Rum. Gala^i, pr. Galatsi ; Ger. 

Galaz. 
Gallipoli '. Dardanelles ; conv. (Ital.) for Greek KaAAiVoAis = Kallipolis ; 
Turk. (J>^-^ = Geliboli ; not to be used for the peninsula without 
the word Peninsula. 
Gatchina : pr. Gat-china: Petrograd, Russia; Russ. FarquHu; Ger. 

Gattschina ; (not Gachina). 
Gavle : pr. Yavle : Sweden ; form. Gefle or Gatle. 

Geneva : Switzerland ; conv. for Fr. Geneve ; Ger. Genf ; Ital. Ginevra. 
Genoa : Italy ; conv. for Ital. Genova, pr. Jenova ; Fr. Genes ; Ger. Genua. 
Ghent : Relgium ; conv. for Fr. Gand ; Flem. and Ger. Gent. 
Goteborg : pr. Ycitebor' (nearly) : Sweden ; (not Gothenburg). 
Gottland : Sweden ; form. Gotland ; (not Gothland). 
Gravosa : S.H.S. ; conv. (Ital.) for Serb-Croat rpyat, Gruz, pr. Gruzh. 
Graz : pr. Grats : Austria ; (not Gratz, Graz). 
Hague, The : Holland ; conv. for Dutch 's Gravenhage ; Fr. La Haye ; 

Ger. Haag ; Ital. L'Aia ; Sp. La Haya. 
Halsingborg : pr. Halsingbor 1 : Sweden ; form. Helsingborg. 
HangO : pr. Hang-6 : Finland ; com \ (Swed.) for Finn. Hanko ; (not 

Hango). 
Hanover : Germany ; conv. for Ger. Hannover ; Fr. Hanovre. 
Havre : France ; conv. for Fr. Le Havre ; (not Havre). 
Helsingfors : Finland ; conv. (Swed.) for Finn. Helsinki; Est. Helsingi. 
Helsingor : pr. Helsing-or : Denmark ; (not Elsinore). 
Hook of Holland : conv for Dutch Hoek van Holland, pr. Huk van 

Hollant. 
Iceland : conv. for Icel. Island ; Dan. and Ger. Island ; Fr. Islande. 
Innsbruck: Austria; (not Innsbriick). 



FIRST GENERAL LIST OF EUROPEAN NAMES. 7 

Jakobstad : pr. Yakobstad : Finland ; conv. (Swed.) for Finn. Pietar- 

saari : (not Jacobstadt). 
Jakobstadt : pr. Yakobshtatt : Latvia; conv. (Ger.) for Lett. Jekab- 

miests, pr. Yekabmiasts ; Lith. Jokubmietis ; (not Jacobstadt. 

Jakobstad). 
Jarostaw : pr. Yaroswaf (nearly) : Poland ; Ger. Jaroslau ; Ukr. flpooaaB 

= Yaroslav. 
Jassy : pr. Yashi : Kumania ; conv. for Rum. Iasi ; (not Jassi). 
Jerez : pr. Khereth : Cadiz, Spain ; prop. Jerez de la Frontera ; form. 

Xeres. 
Jihlava : pr. Yihlava : Ceskoslov. ; Ger. Iglau. 
Jitomir : pr. Zhitomir: Ukraine; Ukr. and Russ. /KnTOJiip('b) ; Pol. 

Zytomierz; Ger. Shitomir : (not Zhitomir). 
Joachimsthal : Ceskoslov. ; conv. (Ger.) for Cesky Jachymov. pr. 

Yfikhimof. 
Kattegat: Denmark-Sweden: Dan.; Swed. Kattegatt : (not Cattegat). 
Kharkov : pr. Khar'kof : Ukraine ; Russ. XapbKOB^ ; L T kr. XapKiB 

= Kharkiv ; Germ. Charkow ; (not Charkoff). 
Kiev: pr. Kiyef: Ukraine; Russ. KieBt; Ukr. Kni'B = Kiyiv ; Ger. 

Kijew ; (not Kieff ). 
Kishinev : pr. Kishinvof : Bessarabia, Rumania : conv. (Russ. Khiuh- 

HeBT>) for Rum. Chisinau, pr. Kishina ; Ukr. KiimiiBiB = Kishiniv. 
Konstanz : pr. Konstants : town, Germany ; (not Constance). 
Koritsa : Albania ; conv. for Alb. Korce, pr. Korche ; Serb-Croat 

Fopnua, Gorica, pr. Goritsa ; Gr. KopvTard = Korytsa : (not 

Koritza). 
Kosice : pr. Koshitse : Ceskoslov. ; Ger. Kaschau : Mag. Kassa, pr. 

Koshsho ; Pol. Koszyce, pr. Koshitse. 
Kovno : Lithuania ; conv. for Lith. Kaunas : Pol. Kowno : Russ. KoBHa 

= Kovna. 
Ladoga : pr. Ladoga : lake, Russia-Finland : Russ. .la.iora, 

JaflOffiCKoe osepo = Ladojskoe ozero, pr. Ladozhskoye ozyero : Finn. 

Laatokka. 
Leghorn : Italy ; conv. for Ital. Livorno ; Fr. Livourne. 
Leipzig: pr. Laiptsikh : Germany; Cesky Lipsko ; (not Leipsic). 
Lemberg : Poland ; conv. (Ger.) for Pol. Lwow, pr. Lvuf : Ukr. .IbBiB 

= L'viv ; Russ. .1lbob'i> = L'vov ; Fr. Leupol. 
Levkas : pr. Lefkas : Greece; Gr. Acv/cas; Lat. Leucas ; anc. Gr. also 

A.evKo8ra = Levkadia ; Lat. Leucadia ; Ital. Santa Maura. 
Libau : Latvia ; conv. (Ger.) for Lett. Liepaja, pr. Liapaya ; Lith. 

Liepoja ; Russ. .1 noaBa = Libava. 
Liberec : pr. Liberate: Ceakoslov. ; <ier. Reichenl- _ 
Li^ge : pr. Liezh: Belgium; Fr. (<>tf'.) ; Wall. Lige ; Flem. Luik : G 

Liittich ; (not Liege). 
Lions, Gulf of : France; conv. for Fr. Golfe du Lion; Sp. Golfo de 

Leon ; Ital. Golfo del Lione ; (not Lyon 



8 FIRST GENERAL LIST OF EUROPEAN NAMES. 

Lisbon : Portugal ; conv. for Port. Lisboa, pr. Lizhboa ; Fr. Lisbonne 

Ger. Lissabon ; Ital. Lisbona. 
Ljubljana: pr. Lyublyana: S.H.S.; Serb .by6.i,aHa ; Ger. Lai bach ; 

Ital. Lubiana. 
tiddz : pr. Wud'sh (nearly) : Poland ; Russ. .To.j,ai. = Lodz'. 
Luxembourg : Fr. (off.) ; Ger. Luxemburg. 
Lyons : France ; conv. for Fr. Lyon ; Ital. Lione. 
Mainz : pr. Maints : Germany ; Fr. Mayence. 
Majorca : Spain ; conv. (Ital.) for Sp. Mallorca, pr. Malyorka ; Fr. 

Majorque. 
Mantua : Italy ; conv. for Ital. Mantova, pr. Mantova ; Fr. Mantoue. 
Marienbad : Ceskoslov. ; conv. (Ger.) for Cesky Marianske Lazne. 
Marseille : pr. Marseiy : France ; Ital. Marsiglia ; Sp. Marsella ; (not 

Marseilles). 

Metkovic or Metkovich : S.H.S. ; Serb. MeTKOBHfc ; (not Metkovitch, 

Metkovic). 
Milan : Italy ; conv. (and Fr.) for Ital. Milano ; Ger. Mailand. 
Minorca : Spain ; conv. (Ital.) for Sp. Menorca ; Fr. Minorque. 
Mitau : Latvia ; conv. (Ger.) for Lett. Jelgava, pr. Yelgava ; Lith. 

Jelguva; Russ. MiiTaBa = Mitava. 
Modena : pr. Modena : Italy ; Fr. Modene. 
Monastir : S.H.S. ; conv. (Turk. ^u-L«) for Serb-Croat Binojb, Bitolj, 

pr. Bitol' ; Bulg. Biitojih = Bitolya ; Gr. Movao-riipiov = Monasterion. 
MOSCOW : Russia ; conv. for Russ. Mockbu = Moskva, pr. Maskva ; 

Fr. Moscou ; Ger. Moskau ; Ital. Mosca. 
Most : Ceskoslov. ; Ger. Briix. 

Mulhouse: pr. Miiluz: Alsace, France; Ger. Miilhausen. 
Munich : Germany ; conv. (and Fr.) for Ger. Miinchen ; Ital. Monaco. 
Murman : coast, N. Russia ; Russ. MypnaHi!, prop. MypuaHCKiii 6eperi 

= Murmanski bereg, pr. byeryek ; (not Murmansk). 
Murmansk : town, N. Russia ; Russ. MypjiaHCKt ; (not Murman, 

Romanov na Murmanye). 
Naples : Italy ; conv. (and Fr.) for Ital. Napoli ; Ger. Neapel. 
Neufahrwasser : Danzig ; Pol. Nowy port, pr. Novi. 
Niemen : pr. Nyemen : riv., Russia, etc. ; Pol. ; Russ. HBHani) = 

Nyeman ; Lith. Nemunas ; Ger. Memel and Russ in lower reaches. 
Nijni Novgorod: pr. Nizhni Novgorod: Russia; Russ. HuacHiii 

HoBropoji.t : Ger. Nishni . . . ; (not Nizhni . . .). 
Nish : S.H.S. ; Serb-Croat Hum, Nig ; Fr. Niche; Ger. Nisch. 
Ntimberg : Germany ; (not Nuremberg). 
Nykjobing : pr. Niikoping : Denmark. 
Nykbping : pr. Niichopiug : Sweden. 
Odorhei : Transylvania, Rumania ; Mag. Szekelyudvarhely, pr. Sekel'- 

udvarhel'. 
Okhrida : pr- Okhiida : lake, S.H.S.-Albanht ; conv. for Serb-Croat 

Oxpuji,, Ohrid, pr. Okhrid, prop. OxpHflCKO je3epo*, Ohridsko jezero ; 

Alb. Liqeni i Ohrit, pr. Likyeni i Ohrit ; (not Ochrida). 



FIRST GENERAL LIST OF EUROPEAN NAMES. 9 

OlomOUC : pr. Olomots : Ceskoslov. ; Ger. Olmiitz. 

Oltu : riv., Rumania; Mag. Olt ; Ger. Alt; (not Aluta). 

Onega : pr. .Inyega : lake, Russia ; Russ. OHera, prop. OnesECKoe 03epo 

= Onejskoe ozero, pr. J.nyezhskoye ozyero. 
Oost-Dunkerke : Relgium ; (not Dunkerque, Dunkirk). 
Opava : pr. Opava: Ceskoslov. ; Ger. Troppau. 
Oporto : Portugal ; conv. for Port. Porto. 
Oradia Mare: Transylvania, Rumania; Ger. Grosswardein ; Mag. 

Nagyvarad, pr. Nod'varod. 
Orsova : pr. O'rshovii : Rumania ; conv. (Mag.) for Rum. Orsova : Serb 

Croat OpinaBa, Orsava, pr. O'rshava. 
Ostend : Belgium ; conv. for Pr. and Flem. Ostende. 
Padua : Italy ; conv. for Ital. Padova ; Fr. Padoue. 
Patras : pr. Patras : Greece ; conv. for Gr. Yldrpai = Patrai, pr. Patre, 

or Harpa = Patra ; Lat. Patrae ; Ital. Patrasso. 
Pec or Pech : pr. Pet' : Montenegro, S.H.S. ; Serb Hen ; Turk, isslj = 

Ipek. 
Pecs : pr. Pech : Hungary : Ger. Fiinfkirehen ; Serb-Croat IleMyj, 

Pecuj, pr. Pechui. 
Pernau : Estonia; conv. (Ger.) for Est. Parnu : Russ. IlepHOBi = 

Pernov. 
Petrograd : pr. Pyetrograd : Russia. ; Russ. HeTporpajT. ; form. 

CuHK'fb IleTepoyprL = Sankt Peterburg, conv. St. Petersburg : pop. 

Russ. Peterburg or Pitr : Finn. Pietari. 
Philippopolis : Bulgaria; conv. for Bulg. Ejiob^hbx = Plovdiv; Turk. 

jJi = Filiba ; Fr. Philippopoli ; Gei'. Philippopel. 
Pietro§ani or Pietroshani : Transylvania, Rumania ; Mag. Petrozseny, 

pr. Petrozhen'. 
Pilsen : Ceskoslov. ; conv. (Ger.) for Cesky Plzen, pr. Pwlzen'. 
Piraeus : Greece ; conv. (Lat.) for Gr. ITeipauv? = Peiraievs, pr. Fire 

efs ; Fr. Le Piree ; Ital. Pireo. 
Port Baltic: Estonia; conv. for Est. Baltiski ; Russ. BaJiTilicKifi noprfi 

= Baltiski port ; Ger. Baltischport ; Fr. Port Baltique. 
Posen : town, Poland : conv. (Ger.) for Pol. Poznafi, pr. Poznan'. 
Posnania : district of Posen (q.v.), Poland ; conv. 
Prague : Ceskoslov. ; conv. (and Fr.) for Cesky Praha ; Ger. Prag ; 

Ital. Praga. 
Przemysl : pr. Pzhemishl : Poland : Kuss. llepen r.nu:i b, Ukr. IlepeMinii.ii. 

= Peremishl'. 
Pulkovo : pr. Pulkdvd ; Petrograd, Russia; Russ. ny.iKOBO ; Fr. 

Poulkovo ; Ger. Pulkowa ; (not Pulkova). 
Radau^i or Radautsi : Bukovina, Rumania; Ger. Radautz : Pol. 

R ado wee, pr. Radoftse. 
Ragusa : S.H.S. ; conv. (Ital.) for Serb-Groat AyGpOBHHK, Dubrovnik. 
Rauma : Finland ; Swed. Raumo. 



10 FIRST GENERAL LIST OF EUROPEAN NAMES. 

Retimo : pr. Retimo : Crete ; conv. (Ital.) for Gr. 'Pc'tfe/^os = Rethemnos, 

or 'Yzdvjxvov = Rethymnon ; auc. Gr. 'PeBv/j.vq = Rhethymne, pr. 

Rethimni ; (not Rhethymni, Rhethymnon, Rhithymno, Rethimno, 

Rethimnon, Retymo). 

Revel: pr. R6vel' ; Estonia; conv. (Russ. PeBejib) for Est. Tallinn; 

Ger. Reva.1. 
Rhine : riv. ; conv. for Ger. Rhein; Fr. Rhin : Dutch Rijn ; Ital. Reno. 
Rome : Italy ; conv. (and Fr.) for Ital. Roma ; Ger. Rom ; Russ. 

I'u .mi, = Rim. 
Ruschuk : pr. Rus chuk : Bulgaria ; conv. (Turk, ^jsfj = Ruschuq) 
for Bulg. Pycce = Russe ; Rum. Rusciuk ; (not Ruscuk, Rushchuk, 
Rustchuk). 
St. Gallen : Switzerland ; Fr. St. Gall ; Ital. S. Gallo. 
St. Vincent, Cape : Portugal ; conv. for Port. Cabo de Sao 

Vicente. 
Salonika : pr. Salonika : Greece ; conv. for. Gr. ©eao-aXovixri = Thessa- 
lonike ; Serb-Croat CojyH, Solun ; Bulg. Co.ivht. = Solun ; Turk. 
eLi^Li = Selanik ; Fr. Salonique ; Sp. Salonica ; (not Saloniki, 
Salonica). 
SaragOSSa : Spain ; conv. for Sp. Zaragoza, pr. Tharagotha ; Fr. 

Saragofcse. 
Sarajevo: pr. Sarayevo: S.H.S. ; Serb CapajeBO ; Turk. <J\j»> ±~»y = 

Bosna Serai ; (not Serajevo). 
Satmar : Transylvania, Rumania ; Mag. Szatmar-Nemeti. 
Sava : riv.; Ital. and Croat; Serb CaBa; Fr. Save; Ger. Sau ; Mag. 

Szava, pr. Savo. 
Schleswig : pr. Shlezvikh : town and prov,, Germany ; (not Sleswick, 

Slesvig, but see Slesvig). 
Scutari : pr. Skutari : Albania ; conv. (Ital.) for Alb. Shkodra or 
Shkoder ; Serb-Croat Cfta;i,ap, Skadar; Turk. s.^j£il = Ishqodra ; 
(not Skutari, Skodra). 
Sebenico : pr. Sebeniko : S.H.S. conv. (ItaP for Serb-Croat III iifieHHK, 

Sibenik, pr. Shibenik. 
Semendria : S.H.S. ; conv. (and Ger. and Rum.) for Serb-Croat 

CiiCAepeBO = Smederevo, pr. Smederevo. 
Semlin : S.H.S. ; conv. (and Ger.) for Serb-Croat 3ejiyH, Zemun ; Mag. 

Zimony, pr. Zimon'. 
Sevastopol: pr. Syevastopol' : Ukraine; Russ. CeBacro 110:1 1> ; Ukr. 

CeBacToniiiB = Sevastopil'; (not Sebastopol). 
Seville : Spain ; conv. for Sp. Sevilla, pr. Sevilya ; Fr. Seville. 
Shavli : Lithuania; conv. (Russ. UlaB.iii) for Lith. Siauliai ; Lett. 

Sauji ; Ger. Schaulen ; Fr. Chavli. 
S.H.S. : abbrev. for the Kingdom of the Serbs Croats and Slovenes ; 
Serb-Croat Kpaj&eBHHa CpCa XpBaTa 11 CioBeiiaua, Kraljevina Srba 
Hrvata i Slovenaca, pr. Kralyevina Serba Kh«rvata i Slovenatsa ; 
pop. Yugoslavia (q.v.). 



FIRST GENERAL LIST OF EUROPEAN NAMES. 11 

Sibiu : Transylvania, Rumania ; Ger. Hermannstadt ; Mag. Nagyszeben, 

pr. Xod'seben. 
Sighetul Marmariei : Transylvania, Rumania : Slovak Marmaros 

Sihot ; Mag. Maramarossziget. 
Sighisoara : pr. Sigishara: Transylvania, Rumania: Mag. Segesvar, 

pr. Shegeshvar : Ger. Schiissburg. 
Silistra : Rumania ; (not Silistria). 
Sistova : pr. Sfetova : Bulgaria : conv. for Bulg. CsirmoBi. = Svishtov : 

Rum. Sistov, pr. Shishtov. 
Skagerrak : Norway-Denmark; (not Skager Rack). 
Skaw, The : Denmark ; conv. for Dan. Skagen ; (not The Skagen). 
Slesvig - , Nord : Denmark ; (not Schleswig, Sleswick). 
Sofia: pr. Sofia: Bulgaria; conv. for Bulg. Cn<|iii;i = Sofiya ; form 

Cpejein, = Sredets ; (not Sophia). 
Sombor : S.H.S. ; Serb CnMOop; Mag. Zombor. 
SpalatO : pr. Spalato : S.H.S. ; conv. (Ital.) for Serb-Croat Cnjber, 

Spljet, pr. Splet in Serb, Splyet in Croat, Split locally. 
Speyer : pr. Shpaiyer : Germany ; Fr. Spire ; (not Speier, Spires). 
Stanislau : Poland ; conv. (Ger.) for Pol. Stanislawow, pr. Staniswavuf : 
v Ukr. CraiiHciaBiB = Stanislaviv ; (not Stanislav, Stanislaw). 
Stip or Shtip : S.H.S.; Serb IIIthh ; Turk, ^usil = Ishtib j (not 

Ishtip). 
Strasbourg" : Alsace, France ; Ger. Strassburg ; (not Strasburg). 
Strumica or Strumitsa : pr. Strumitsa : S.H.S. ; Bulg. and Serb 

CTpyinma : Gr. ^Tpdi/iviT^a = Stromnit.za ; Turk. as.*j^j1 = Ustrumja : 

(not Strumnitza, Stroumdja). 
Subotica or Subotitsa : pr. Siibotitsa : S.H.S. ; Serb ( ynoTMiia ; 

Ger. Maria Theresiopel : Mag. Szabadka. 
Sylt : Germany; Dan. Sild, pr. Sil ; (not Syllt). 
Syracuse : Italy; conv. (and Fr.) fur Dal. Siracusa . Gr, 5,vp6.Kov<rat. = 

Syrakousai, pr. Sirakuse. 
Syros : pr. Siros : isld. and town, Greece ; Gr. Svpos ; (not Svra) 
Szeged : pr. Seged : Hungary ; Ger. Szegedin : Serb-Croat ( erejiiH, 

Segedin ; Rum. Seghedin. 
TagUS : riv., Spai ii -Portugal ; conv. for Sp. Tajo, pr. Tabo ; Port. Tejo, 

pr. Tezho : Fr. Tage. 
Targul Secuilor : pr. Toirjjul Sekuilor: Transylvania, Rumania; Mag. 

Kezdivasarhely. 
Tavastehus : pr. Tavastehus : Finland ; conv. (Swed.) tor Finn. 

Hameenlinna. 
Temi§Oara : pr. Temishara : Transylvania, Rumania ; Mag. Temesvar ; 

Serb-Croat TeMiniiBap, Temisvar. 
Tisa : riv.; Croat, Slovak, Rum.: Serb Tina; Mag. Tisza, pr Ii » 

Ger. Theiss, pr. Tais. 
Tornio : Finland; Swed. Tornea, pr. Torneo, 
Trier : Germany ; Fr. Treves ; (not Treves). 



12 FIRST GENERAL LIST OF EUROPEAN NAMES. 

Trieste : Italy; Ger. Triest ; Serb-Croat TpcT, Trst, pr. Terst. 
Trondhjem : pr. Tronyem : Norway ; Ger. Drontheim ; (not Throndjem). 
Tsarskoe Selo : pr. TsarskoyS Syelo : Petrograd, Russia ; Russ. 

RapcKoe Ceao. 
Tukums : Latvia; Ger. Tuckum ; Russ. TyKKyin, = Tukkum ; Lith. 

Tukumas. 
Turin : Italy ; con v. (and Fr. and Ger.) for Ital. Torino. 
Turtucaia : Rumania ; Bulg. TyTpaKaHT, = Tutrakan ; (not Turtukay, 

Toutrakan). 
Ule&borg : pr- tjleobor' : Finland ; conv. (Swed.) for Finn. Oulu. 
Uppsala : pr. ffpsala (as Eng. up) : Sweden ; form. Upsala ; Fr. Upsal. 
Ushant : France ; conv. for Fr. He d'Ouessant ; Breton, Enez Eussa. 
Uzhorod : pr. Uzh-horot : Ceskoslov. ; Mag. Ungvar. 
Vaasa : Finland ; form. Nikolainkaupunki ; Swed. Vasa, form. Niko- 

laistad ; (not Wasa). 
Valga or Valka : Estonia-Latvia ; Russ. BaJiKt = Valk ; Ger. Walk. 
Valona : Albania ; conv. (Ital.) for Alb. Vlore ; Gr. kvXo'tv = Avion ; 

Turk. aJjljT = Avloniya ; (not Vallona, Avlona). 
Vastervik : Sweden ; form. Vestervik ; (not Westervik). 
Veles: S.H.S. ; Serb Bejiec; Turk. J>jJ = Koprili, pr. Kopriilu. 
Venice : Italy ; conv. for Ital. Venezia, pr. Venetsia ; Fr. Venise ; Ger. 

Venedig, pr. Venedikh. 
Viborg : pr. Vibor' (almost Vibori) : Finland ; conv. (Swed.) for Finn. 

Viipuri or Wiipuri, pr. Vipuri. 
Vidin : Bulgaria; Bulg. BiijUiHt; (not Widin, VV r iddin). 
Vienna : Austria ; conv. (and Ital.) for Ger. Wien ; Fr. Vienne ; Cesky 

Viden. pr. Viden' ; Pol. Wieden ; Mag. Bees, pr. Bech. 
Vistula : ri\ ., Poland-Germany ; conv. for Pol. Wista, pr. Viswa 

(nearly) ; Ger. Weichsel, pr. Vaixl ; Russ. Biicia = Visla. 
Volos : Greece ; Gr. BoAos ; (not Volo). 
Warsaw : Poland ; conv. for Pol. Warszawa, pr; Varshava ; Russ. 

BaprnaBa = Varshava ; Ger. Warschau ; Fr. Varsovie. 
V/indau : pr. Vindau : Latvia ; conv. (Ger.) for Lett. Ventspils ; Lith. 

Ventpilis ; Russ. BHH^aBa = Vindava ; (not Windawa). 
Wiirttemberg : Germany ; (not Wurtemberg, "VViirtemburg). 
Yannina : pr. Yanina : Epirus, Greece ; conv. for Gr. 'Icoaviu'a = Ioannina ; 

Serb-Croat JaaiiHa, Janina ; Turk. aJI> = Yaniya. 
Yugoslavia; pop. for S.H.S. (q.v.); coflrv^ for ^Serb-Croat Jyroc.iaBiija, 
Jugoslavija, pr. Yugoslaviya ; Fr. Ydu£oslavie ; 'Ger^ Siidslawien ; 
(not Yougoslavia, Jugo-Slavia). V X 

Zagreb: S.H.S.; Serb 3arpe6 ; Mag. Zagrab; Ger. Agram ; Ital. 

Zagabria. 
Zante : isld. : Greece ; conv. (Ital.) for Gr. Za*w0os = Zakynthos. 



LONUON : PRINTED BY WM. CLOWES AND SONS, LTD., DUKE STREET, STAMFORD STREET, S.E. 1. 



I 



/ 

PERMANENT COMMITTEE ON GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES 
FOR BRITISH OFFICIAL USE. 



SECOND GENERAL LIST OF EUROPEAN 

NAMES. 



Published for the Permanent Committee on Geographical Names by the 
Royal Geographical Society, Kensington Gore, London, H.W.I. 
■ Inn nary, 1923. 

Prick Sixpence. 



ABBREVIATIONS, Etc 

Lettish (Latvian). 
Lithuanian. 
locally. 

Magyar (Hungarian), 
mountain. 
Norwegian, 
official, 
orthography, 
peninsula. 
Polish, 
pronounced, 
river. 

Romanian. 
Russian. 

(Kraljevina) Srba Hrvata i 
Slovenaca — Yugoslavia. 
Spanish. 
Swedish. 
Turkish. 
Ukrainian. 

The pronunciations are in accordance with the R.G.S. II. System, for which 
see Geog. Jour., Jan. 1921, Vol. LVII, pp. 40-43; or an explanatory leaflet can be 
had on application to the Assistant, Permanent Committee on Geographical Names, 
at the Royal Geographical Society. 

The acute accent ' indicates the stress. The apostrophe ' indicates a liquid 
sound. The inverted comma ' indicates the Arabic letter 



Alb. . 


. Albanian. 




Lett. 


Ar. . . 


Arabic. 




Litb. 


Bulg. 


. Bulgarian. 




loc. . 


Ceskoslo 


v. . Ceskoslovenska 


Republica 


Mag. 




= Czechoslovakia. 


mt. . 


( 'esky 


. Czech. 




Nor. 


conv. 


. conventional. 




off. . 


Dan. 


. Danish. 




orth. 


dist. 


district. 




pen. 


Eng. 


. English. 




Pol. . 


Est. . 


Estonian. 




pr. . 


Finn. 


Finnish. 




riv. . 


Flem. 


. Flemish. 




Rom. 


form. 


. formerly. 




Russ. 


Fr. . 


French. 




S.H.S 


Ger. 


. German. 






Gr. . 


Greek. 




Sp. . 


isld. . 


island. 




Swed. 


Ital. . 


Italian. 




Turk. 


Lat. . 


Latin. 




Ukr. 



a, e, u = the ueutral vowel as in marine, often, diffic?/lt. 
that the vowel is nasalised as in French, Polish, etc. 



£• 



n after a vowel indicates 



e (= v) in Greek names is pronounced as R.G.S. II. i (not necessarily long). 



Aachen : pr. Akhen : Germany ; Fr. Aix-la-Chapelle ; Ital. Aquisgrano ; 

Sp. Aquisgran ; Dutch A ken. 
Adrianople : Turkey; conv. for Glr. 'ASpiaj/owroAis *= Adrianoupblis, pr. 

Adhrianupolis ; Turk. ^^\ = Edirne ; Bulg. Ojpnnr. = Odrin ; Fr. 

Audrinople ; Ital. Adrianopoli ; Ger. Adrianopel. 
Aegadean Isles : Italy ; conv. for Ital. Isole Egadi, pr. Egadi, from 

Lat. Aegates. 
Algeciras: pr. AlhethfraBj loc. Athesfra : Spain ; Ar. »jil = AlJezira ; 

(not Algeziras). 
Arbe : isld.. 8.H.8. ; com. (Ital.) for StfrkOrtfat l'^'-. R^l>. 



2 SECOND GENERAL LIST OF EUROPEAN NAMES. 

Arges : pr. Arjesh : riv., Romania ; (not Ardjis, Argesch). 

Balcic : pr. Balchik : Romania; Bulg. Ba.i l i»KT. = Balchik ; Turk. J-slj = 

Balchiq ; (not Baltchik). 
Baranowicze : pr. Baranoviche : Poland; Russ. BapanoBH l in = Barano- 
vichi : Lith. Baronaitiai ; (not Baranovitchi). 
Bedzin : pr. Banjin : Poland ; Ger. Bendzin ; Russ. BeiUHHt = Bendin. 
Bohemia : Ceskoslov. ; conv. for Cesky Cechy, pr. Chekhi ; Pol. Czechy ; 

Ger. Bohinen; Fr. Boheme ; Ital. Boemia. 
Bohamin : pr. Bohumln : Ceskoslov. ; Pol. Bogumin ; Ger. Oderberg. 
Bolzano : Italy : Ger. Bozen ; Fr. Botzen. 
Brazza : pr. Brafcsa: isld., S.H.S.: conv. (Ital.) for Serb-Croat Bpai,. 

Brae, pr. Brach. 
Bressanone : Italy ; Ger. Brixen. 
Brest LitOVSk : Poland ; conv. (Russ. BpecTi .Jiitobckt.) for Pol. Brzes6 

Litewski, pr. Bzheshch Litefski ; Lith. Lietuviu Brasta. 
Brunico : Italy ; Ger. Bruneck. 
Buzau : pr. Buz« : Romania ; (not Buzeu, Buseu). 
Campulung: pr. Kbimpulung: Romania; (not Campul-lung, Kampu- 

lung, Kimpolung). 
CaporettO : Italy ; Serb-Croat ho6apn;i, Kobarid, pr. Kobarld ; Ger. 

Karfreit. 
Carinthia : Austria ; conv. for Ger. Karnten ; Ital. Carinzia : Fr. 

Carinthie ; Serb-Croat Kopyuiua, Koruska; Slovene Koroska. 
Carniola : S.H.S. ; conv. (Ital.) for Serb-Croat Kpamcua, Kranjska, 

pr. Kran'ska; Ger. Krain ; Fr. Carniole ; Mag. Krajna. 
Carpathian Ruthenia : Ceskoslov. j conv. for Cesky Podkarpatska 

Rus; Fr. Russie Sousearpathique ; Ger. Karpato-Ruthenien : (not 

Subcai-pathian Ruthenia). 
Castellammare : Italy ; (not Oastellamare). 
Chatalja: Turkey; Turk. aUs*; (not Tchataldja). 
Chema : riv., S.H.S. ; conv. (Bulg. Mepua) for Serb-Croat Hpiia, Crna, 

pr. Tserna ; Gr. 'Eptywi/ = Erigon ; Turk. y> t>J — Qara Su ; (not 

Tcherna, Kara Su). 
Cherso : pr. Kerso : isld., Italy ; Serb-Croat llpec, Cres, pr. Tsres. 
Chur : pr. Kur : Switzerland ; Fr. Coire ; Ital. Coira. 
Crete - conv. for Gr. Kp-qrrj = Krete, pr. Kriti ; Turk. jajT = Kirld : 

Fr. Crete ; Ger. and Ital. Creta ; (not Candia). 
Curzola: pr. Kurtsola: isld., S.H.S.: conv. (Ital.) for Serb-Croat 

Kop i iy.ia, Korcula, pr. Korchula, 
CzestOChowa: pr. Chanstokhova : Poland ; Russ. T leHCTOXOBi» = Chen- 

stokhov ; Ger. Tschenstochau. 
Daryal: gorge, Caucasus, Russia; Russ. ^apb/i.ibCKoe ymeate = 

Dar'yal'skoe ushchel'e ; Georgian rob&ob^nno U b^o = Darialis 

Khevi ; (not Dariel Pass). 
Debar : pr. Debar : S.H.S. ; Serb JleCap ; Gr. AtjSpu = Divra ; Alb. 

Dibte Siperme ; Turk. Vb */* = Dibra Bala ; (not Debra, Dibra). 
Deblin : pr. Danblin : Poland ; Russ. HBaRTOpo;^ = Ivangorod. 



SECOND GENERAL LIST OP EUROPEAN NAMES. 3 

Dimotika : pr. Dimotika : Thrace; conv. (Bulg. JD'MOTHKa) for Gr. 

AtSj/xorci^oi' = Didymoteikhon, pr. Dhidhirnotikhon ; Turk, aS^*j:> 

= Dimitoqa ; (not Demotika). 
Dobrici : pr. Dobrichi: Romania ; Bulg. ,Ho6pH^'B = Dobrieh ; Turk. 
ia^l^b jlcj! (jj-l* =Haji Oghlu Pazarjiqi; (not Dobritch, Hagi Oglu 

Bazargic, Bazardjik). 
Doiran : S.H.S. ; conv. (Turk. J\j>.Jb) for Serb-Croat AqjpaH, Dojran, 

pr. Doiran ; Bulg. Ilo.ieiiinn. = Polenin. 
Domesnes : cape, Latvia ; conv. (old Swed.) for Lett. Kalkasrags or 

Dundagasrags ; Swed. Domesniis ; (not Domesnees). 
Dunajec : pr. Duna-yets : riv., Poland. 
Eger : pr. Agar: Hungary; Ger. Erlau ; Cesky Jager. 
Ekaterinburg;: pr. Yekatyennbiirg : Russia; Russ. EKaTepiiH6ypri> ; 

(not Ekaterinenburg). 
Ekaterinodar : pr. Yekatyerlnodar ; Russia; Russ. Ei;aTepiiHO^api» ; 

Ukr. IiarepiiHO.i.ap = Katerinodar. 
Ekaterinoslav : pr. Yekatyerinoslaf : Russia: Russ. EKaTepmiociaBi. : 

Ukr. Karepiiiioc.iaB = Katerinoslav. 

Elisavetgrad : pr. Yelisavyetgrad : Russia; Russ. E.nicaBeTrpa,T,B ; 

Ukr. 6iicaBeT(rpafl) = Yelisavet(hrad) ; (not Elizabetgrad). 
Enos : Turkey; conv. (Bulg. Ehocb) for Turk, jyj = Inoz ; Gr. Atvos 

= Ainos, pr. Enos. 

Estonia; cun\. (Pol. and Ital.) for Est, Eestimaa, pr. Estima ; Russ. 

9cTMHflUI = Estlyandiya ; Fr. Esthonie ; Swed. and Ger. Estland ; 

Lett. Igaunija ; Lith. Estija ; Finn. Vironmaa ; (not Estbonia). 
Estremadura : pr. Eshtremadura : Portugal. 
Eupatoria: Russia ; conv. for Russ. and Ukr. EBiiaiopbi = Yevpatoriya, 

pr. Yefpatoriya. 
Extremadura : pr. Extremadhura : Spain. 
Fortezza, La: Italy ; Ger. Franzensfeste. 
Fiinen : Denmark ; conv. (Ger.) for Dan. Fyn, pr. Fiin ; Swed. Fyen ; 

Pr. Fionie : Ital. Fionia. 
Gorizia : pr. Gorftsia: Italy; Serb-Croat lopnua, Gorica ; Ger. Gorz. 

Guadalquivir : pr. Gwadh-alkivir : riv., Spain ; Ar.^JOl *\j = Wad el 

Kebir ; (not Gwadalquiver). 
Giimiiljina : Thrace; Turk. *iJ*j$; Gr. rtovpovkT&va = Gioumoultzina \ 

Bulg. rioMiu.i r,i;nua . = Gyumyuldjina, <>r Fk>m y p.L'.i.'iiiia = Gyumur- 

djina ; (not Gumurjina). 
Haarlem: Holland; (not Harlem). 
Hercegovina: pr. Hertsegovina : S.H.S. \ Serb XepneroBima : Ital. 

Erzegovina ; Pr. Herzegovine ; (not Herzegovina), 
's Hertogenbosch : pr. s-Hertokhenbos : Holland; Fr. Bois-le-Duc ; 

Ital. Bosco Ducale ; Ger. Herzogenbusch \ old Eng. The Buss. 
Incoronata : isld., S.H.S. ; conv. (Ital.) for Serb-Croat KopHaT, Kornat. 
Isarco : riv., Italy ; Ger. Eisack. 
Jadar : pr. Yadar : riv., S.H.S. ; Serb Ja.uip. 
Jum'a-i-Bala : Bulgaria ; Turk. Vb l*+>. ; Bulg. Tojuia ,l,-,i;y\iaji = Gorna 

Djumaya; Serb-Croat Ihwiaja, Dzumaja; Gr. T£ov/iayia==Tzoumagia; 

(not Jumaa, I tjuma). 



4 SECOND GENERAL LIST OP EUROPEAN NAMES. 

Jutland : Denmark ; conv. (and Fr.) for Dan. Jylland, pr. Yiilan ; Ger. 

Jutland. 
Karlobag: pr. Karlobag: S.H.S. ; Serb Eapiooar ; Ital. Carlopago; 

Mag. Karlopago. 
Katowice : pr. Katovxtse : Poland ; Ger. Kattowitz. 
Kavalla: Greece; Gr. Ka/SdWa ; Bulg. KaBa.ia = Kavala; Turk. aMjS = 

Qavala. 
Khalkidike : pr. Khalkidiki: pen., Greece; Gr. XoXkiSikiJ ; Lat. Chal- 

cidice ; (not Chalkidike). 
Khaskovo : Bulgaria ; Bulg. XaOEOBO ; Turk. ^Oi» = Khaskoi ; (not 

Haskovo, Haskoi). 
Kielce : pr. Kyeltse : Poland ; Russ. KLiliih = Kyel'tsi. 
Kirk Kilisse : Turkey ; conv. for Turk. IzJ^ jj = Qirq Kilissa ; Gr. 

Sapavrtt 'EKKkqa-lai = Saranta Ekklesiai ; Bulg. Jl03eHT> = Lozen. 
Kosovo Polje: pr. Kosovo Polye : S.H.S.; Serb Eocobo iio.t,g ; Ger. 

Amselfeld ; (not Kossovo). 
Kragujevac : pr. Kraguyevats : S.H.S. ; Serb KparyjeBau ; (not Kragu- 

shevatz, Kragouyevatz). 
Krolewska Huta : pr. Krulefska Huta : Poland ; Ger. Konigshutte. 
Krusevac : pr. Krushevats : S.H.S. ; Serb KpyiueBau ; (not Krushevatz). 
Kyustendil : Bulgaria ; Bulg. KrocTeH.n.ii.rb ; Serb-Croat RycTeHAii-i, 

Custendil ; Turk. ^X.-.S = Kiistendil ; (not Keustendil). 
Latgalia : Latvia ; conv. for Lett. Latgale, pr. Latgale ; (not Lattgalia, 

Latgallia). 
Latvia ; conv. for Lett, (and Lith.) Latvija, form. Latwija, pr. Latviya ; 
Russ. (new orth.) JIaTBUfl = Latviya; Pol. totwa ; Est. Latimaa ; 
Fr. Lettonie ; Ital. Lettonia ; Swed. and Ger. Lettland. 
Lesina : pr. Lesina : isld., S.H.S. ; conv. (Ital.) for Serb-Croat XBap, 

Hvar. 
Leyden : Holland ; conv. (and Sp.) for Dutch Leiden ; Fr. Leyde ; 

Ital. Leida. 
Lissa : isld., S.H.S. ; conv. (Ital.) for Serb-Croat Bnc, Vis. 
Lithuania ; conv. for Lith. Lietuva, pr. Liatuva ; Lett. Lietava ; Russ. 
JIiiTBa = Litva; Pol. Litwa, pr. Litva ; Swed. and Ger. Litauen ; 
Fr. Lithuanie ; Ital. Lituania ; Est. Leedumaa. 
Lovcen : pr. Lovtyen : mt., S.H.S. ; Serb .loBhen ; (not Lovtchen). 
Lublin : Poland ; Russ. JIioG.iiini. = Lyublin. 
Lubliniec : pr. Lublinyets : Poland ; Ger. Lublinitz. 
iLuck: pr. Wutsk : Poland ; Russ. .lyiiin,, Ukr. .lyutK = Lutsk ; (not 

Luzk). 
Lunga, Isola: isld., S.H.S. ; alt. Isola Grossa; conv. (Ital.) for Serb- 
Croat ,Hyni, Dugi. 
Lussin : isld., Italy ; Serb-Croat Jloiunifc, Losinj, pr. Loshin'. 
Maastricht: pr. Mastrikht: Holland; Flem. Maestricht. 
Marasesti : pr. Marasheshti : Romania. 

Maribor: pr. Maribor : S.H.S.; Serb Mapn6op ; Ger. Marburg. 
Maritsa : riv., Bulgaria-Turkey; Bulg. Mapnua; Turk. ^^ =Marij; 
Gr. "E/3pos = Evros ; Lat. Hebrus ; (not Maritza, Marica). 



SECOND GENERAL LIST OF EUROPEAN NAMES. 5 

Melada : isld., S.H.S. ; conv. (ItaJ.) for Serb-Croat Myjar, Mulat. 
Meleda : pr. Meleda : isld., S.H.S. ; conv. (Ital.) for Serb-Croat Mjber, 

Mljet, pr. Mlyet. 
Merano : Italy ; Ger. Meran. 
Mesta : riv., Bulgaria-Greece; Bulg. Mhcia: Gr. Netrros = Nestos ; 

Turk. y> iji = Qara Su ; (not Myesta). 
Midia : Turkey: Turk. I x* ; Gr. Mi/Seia = Hedeia, pr. Midia; Bulg. 

Mu.uiu = Midiya. 
Mikolow : pr. Mikowuf: Poland; Ger. Nikolai. 
Mitrovica or Mitrovitsa : pr. Mitrovitsa: S.H.S. ; Serb MirrpoBiiiia ; 

(not Mitrovitza). 
Modlin : Poland ; Russ. HoBOieoprieBCKL = Novogeorgievsk. 
Moldavia: Romania ; conv. (and Ital.) for Rom. Moldova, pr. Moldova : 

Pr. Moldavie ; Ger. Moldau ; Turk. ,jl siu = Bughdan. 
Mons : pr. Mows : Belgium ; Plem. Bergen. 
Moravia : Ceskoslov. ; conv. (and Ital.) for Cesky Morava, pr. Morava ; 

Pol. Morawia ; Ger. Malum ; Fr. Moravie. 
MysJowice : pr. Miswovitse : Poland ; Ger. Myslowitz. 
Narew : pr. Naref : riv., Poland ; Buss. HapeBt = Narev. 
Neuchatel : pr. Noshatel : Switzerland ; Ger. Neuenburg ; (not Neuf- 

chatel). 
Nikolaev: pr. Nikola-yef : Russia; Russ. HiiKO-iaeBb ; Ukr.MnKO.iaiB 

= Mikolayiv ; (not Nicolaieft", Nikolajew). 
Niksic : pr. Nikshit' (nearly Nikshich) : S.H.S. ; Serb HiiKiuufe; (not 

Nicksics, Niksliitz). 
Novaya Zemlya : pr. Novaya Zyeinly.i : Russia ; Russ. HoBau 3e.M.iH ; 

(not Nova Zembla, Novaia Zemlia). 
Nova Z agora : pr. Nova Zagora : Bulgaria; Bulg. IIoBa 3aiopa ; 

Turk, ijij 5s.) = Yeni Zaghra ; (not Sagra). 
Novi Pazar : pr. Novi Pazar : S.H.S.; Serb IIobii Ilasap; Turk. 

j\^j £> = Yeni Pazar ; (not Novibazar). 
Ohre : pr. Ohrzhe : riv., Ceskoslov. ; Ger. Eger. 

Orava : pr. Orava : riv. and dist., Ceskoslov. ; Pol. Orawa ; Mag. Arva. 
Osowiec : pr. Osovyets : Poland ; Russ. OcOBeu.'b = Osovets ; Lith. 

Asuvys ; (not Osoviets). 
Pago : isld., S.H.S. ; conv. (Ital.) for Serb-Croat Bar, Pag. 
Panagyurishte : Bulgaria; Bulg. Ilaimriopiime ; Turk, ^f jfij\ = 

Othuj Koi ; (not Panagiuristc, Panyurishte). 
Pechora: pr. Pyechora: riv., Russia: Buss. Beuopa ; (not Petehora, 

Petshora). 
Ptock : pr. Pwotsk : Poland; Russ. II.mmum, = Plotsk. 
Podgorica or Podgoritsa: pr. Podgoritsa : S.H.S. ; Serb Ilo.U'Opiiaa ; 

(not Podgoritza). 
Poltava: pr. Poltava: Russia; Russ. and Ukr. Bo.naBa ; Pol. Pultawaj 

( not Pultava, Pultowa). 
Postumia : Italy; Serb-Groat Ilocrojiia, Postojna, pr. Postoina ; Ger. 

Adelabenr. 
Preveza : pr. Pr«'\<v.a : Cm-cc: dr. Wpifiic,"-', (not Prevesa). 



6 SECOND GENERAL LIST OF EUROPEAN NAMES. 

Pristina : pr. Prishtina: S.H.S.; Serb HpiiiUTiiHa ; Tui-k. a^-,). 
Prizren: pr. Prizren: S.H.S.; Serb IIpii3pen ; Alb. Perzren; (not 

Prisrend). 
Prut : riv., Romania ; Austro-Ger. Pruth. 

Przasnysz : pr. Pzhiisnish : Poland ; Russ. RpacHijMT> = Prasnish. 
Pszczyna : pr. Pshchina : Poland ; Ger. Pless. 
Pusteria, Val : Italy; Austro-Ger. Pusterthal. 
Quamero : gulf, Italy-S.H.S. ; Serb-Croat IiBapiiep, Kvarner; (not 

Quarnaro). 
Ramnicu-Sarat : pr. Roiinniku Sarat : Romania ; (not Rimnicul-Sarat, 

Rymniku Saratu). 
Regensburg : Germany ; conv. Eng. Ratisbon (from Keltic-Latin 

Radasbona) ; Fr. Ratisbonne ; Ital. Ratisbona ; Cesky Rezno. 
Rila : mts., Bulgaria; Bulg. and Serb Pir.ia; Gr. Pi'Aos = Rilos ; Turk. 

jb . = Rilo. 
Rodosto : Turkey; conv. (Ital. ; and Bulg. Po;jocto) for Turk, ells jjifc 

= Tekfur Dagh ; Gr. 'PotSeoro's = Raidestos, pr. Redhestos ; (not 

Tekir Dagb). 
Romania : pr. Romuinia ; form. Rominia; Russ. PyjitiHia = Ruminiya; 

Ukr. Pyjiynia = Rumuniya ; Bulg. PoMSiiua = Romaniya ; Serb- 
Croat Pyjiynuja, Rumunija ; Cesky Rumunsko ; Pol. Rumunja ; 

Mag. Romania ; Ital. Romania ; Fr. Roumanie ; Ger. Rumiinien ; 

Turk, i^jj = Rumiya ; (not Roumania, Rumania). 
Rowne : pr. Ruvne: Poland; Russ. Pobho = Rovno; Ukr. PiBHC = 

Rivne. 
Rzeszdw : pr. Zheshuf : Poland; Ukr. PauriB = Ryashiv. 
Sabac I pr. Shabats : S.H.S. ; Serb Illaoau, ; (not Shabatz). 
Sabbioncello : pen., S.H.S. ; conv. (Ital.) for Serb-Croat Jle.i.rinau, 

Peljesac, pr. Pclyeshats. 
St. Gotthard : mt., Switzerland ; Swiss off. Gotthard, or San Gottardo 

(Ital.) ; Ger. Sankt Gotthard, pr. Got-hart ; Fr. St. Gothard. 
Samothrace : isld., Greece ; conv. (and Fr.) for Gr. Sa/xo^ja/c/? = 

Samothrake ; Turk, t.x^^ = Semendere ; Ital. Samotracia ; (not 

Samathraki). 
Saratov : pr. Saratof : Russia ; Russ. CapaiOBT.. 
Senj : pr. Sen' : S.H.S. ; Serb Cem ; Ital. Segna ; Mag. Zengg. 
Seres : Greece ; conv. (Bulg. Cepeci.) for Gr. %£ppai = Serrai, pr. Sere ; 

Serb-Croat Cepe3, Serez ; Turk. )j ^-> = Siruz; (not Serres). 
Seret : riv., Poland ; Ukr. CepeT ; Rom. Siret (q.v.) ; Austro-Ger. Sereth. 
Shurnen : Bulgaria ; Bulg. IHyaieHb ; Turk. ^.*i. = Shumni or aL^. = 

Shumla ; (nut Sumen, Sumla, Shumna). 
Siedlce : pr. Shedltse : Poland ; Russ. C'b;i,Jieu,T»= Syedlets; (not Siedlec). 
Schelde : pr. Skhekb' : riv., Holland-Belgium ; Fr. Escaut ; Sp. Escalda ; 

(not Scheldt). 
Silesia : Cermany-Poland-Ceskoslov. ; conv. for Ger. Schlesien ; Pol. 

Szlask or Slask, pr. Shlowsk ; Cesky Slezsko ; Fr. Silesie ; Ital. Slesia. 
Siret : pr. Siret : riv., Romania ; Ukr. CepeT = Seret ; Pol. Seret (q.v.) ; 

Austro-Ger. Sereth. 



SECOND GENERAL LIST OF EUROPEAN NAMES. 7' 

Skoplje: pr. Skoplye: S.H.S. ; Serb CKonae ; Bulg. Ci.-oiiue = Skopie ; 
Gr. 2Aco7r€ta = Skopeia : Turk. ^SLj\ = Uskiib ; Alb. Shkup. 

Sliven : Bulgaria; Bulg. CiiiBCirr,; Turk. aSJLI = Tslimiye ; Gr. ZXifivov 

= Slivnon; (not Slivno). 
Slovakia : Ceskoslov. ; conv. for Cesky .Slovensko ; Pol. Slowacja : Rom. 

Slovacia ; Ital. Slovacchia ; Fr. Slovaquie ; Ger. Slowakei : Mag. 

Totorszag. 

Solta : isld., S.H.S. ; conv. (Ital.) for Serb-Croat Cy.ie-r, Sulet, pr. Sulet. 
Sosnowiec : pr. Sosnovyets: Poland; Ger. Sossnowitz. 
Sound, The : Sweden-Denmark ; conv. for Swed. and Dan. Ore Sund. 
Spis : pr. Spisb : (list., Ceskoslov. ; Pol. Spiz ; Mag. Szepes; Ger. Zips. 
Spitsbergen: Dutch and Nor. ; Ger. Spitzbergen; Swed. Spetsbergen; 

Fr. Spitsberg. 
Stara Zagora : pr. Stara Zagora : Bulgaria; Bulg. Oapa 3aropa; 

Turk. i±\ \J\ = Eski Zaghra ; (not Sacra). 

Stryj : pr. Stri: Poland; Ukr. Crpiiii = Stri ; Russ. CipHfi = Stri ; 
(not Stry). 

Swietochlowice : pr. Shvyantokhlovitse : Poland; Ger. Schwientoch- 

lowitz. 
Targoviste : pr. Toirgovishte : Romania; (not Tirgovischte, Tergovist). 
Targu Jiu : pr. Toirgu Zhyu : Romania ; (not Targa, Tirgu, Tirgoschyl). 
Tarnowice : pr. Tarnovitse: Poland; alt. Tarnowskie Gory; Ger. 

Tarnowitz. 
Tatar Pazardjik : Bulgaria; Bulg. Taiapr, Jla.iap .v.kiii.-l ; Turk. .\»\t 

dhj])^' = Tatar Pazarjiqi; (not Bazardjik, Bazarjik). 
Teschen : Poland-Ceskoslov. ; conv. (Ger.) for Pol. Cieszyn, pr. Tyeshin ; 

< leaky Tesin, pr. Tyeshin. 
Theodosia : Russia ; conv. (Lat. from Gr. ©coSoo-ia) for Russ. Uoo;iociji, 

new orth. <l»oo.toc n ji = Feodosiya : Tatar Kefe, Old Ital. Caffa : 

(not Feodosia). 
Tirol: Austria; Ger. and Fr. ; Ital. Tirolo; (not Tyrol). 
Tolmino : Italy ; Ger. Tolmein ; Serb-Croat To.i.miih, Tolinin. 
Torun : pr. Torun' ; Poland ; Ger. Thorn. 
Transylvania : Romania ; conv. for Rom. (and Ital.) Transilvania ; 

Fr. Transilvanie ; Ger. Siebenbiirgen ; Mag. Erdely. 
Trent : Ttaly ; conv. for Ital. Trento ; Fr. Trente ; Ger. Trient. 
Trn : pr. Trim : Bulgaria; Bulg. Tpi.irr, ; Serb-Croat Tpu, Trn. 
Trnovo : pr. T^rnovo : Bulgaria j Bulg. TimnoBO ; (notTrnova, Tirnovo). 
Tunja : riv., Bulgaria-Turkey; Turk. asjjL : Bulg. Tyn i;,i;a = Tundja ; 

(not Tundza). 

Udine : pr. LFdine: Italy; Serb-Croat Bh^cm, Videm. 

Ugliano : pr. Ulyano: isld., S.H.S. ; conv. (Ital.) for Serb-Croat v i.i,;iii, 

Ugljan, pr. Uglyan. 
Valdobbiadene : pr. Valdobbiadene : Italy. 
Vegiia : pr. Velya: isld., S.H.S. ; conv. (Ital.) for Serb-Croaj Kp.K,. 

K rk, pr. K't-rk. 



8 SECOND GENERAL LIST OP EUROPEAN NAMES. 

Virbalis : Lithuania ; Ger. Wirballen ; Pol. Wierzbolow ; Russ. 

Bep>K.6oj[OBO = Verjbolovo. 
Vladikavkaz: pr. Vl&dikafkas: Russia; Rusk. BjiaXuKaBKasi. j (not 

Vladikavkas). 
Vladimir: pr. Vladimir : Russia; Russ. BjiajuiMipb. 
Volhytlia : Poland-Russia ; conv. for Pol. Wolyii, pr. nearly Vo-win' ; 

Ukr. Bojihhb, Russ. Bo.ihhb = Volin' ; Ital. Volinia ; Fr. Volynie ; 

Ger. Wolhynien. 
Vranje : pr. Vranye : S.H.S. ; Serb Bpaae ; Bulg. Bpana = Vranya. 
Vrattsa : Bulgaria ; Bulg. and Serb BpaTua ; (not Vratza, Vraca). 
Wagrowiec : pr. Vowgrovyets : Poland ; Ger. Wongrowitz. 
Walactlia : Romania ; conv. for Rom. Muntenia ; Fr. Valachie ; Ital. 

Valacchia ; Ger. Walachei ; Turk. j,%\ = Tllaq : (not Wallachia). 

Xanthe : pr. Xanthi : Thrace ; Gr. %dv6r) ; Turk. asM = Eskiche ; 

(not Xanthi). 
Yambol : Bulgaria ; Bulg. HuCnvvi, ; Turk. Jj-Jl* = Yanboli, pr. Yamboli ; 

(not Yamboly, Jamboli). 
Ypres : pr. Tpr : Belgium ; Flem. Yperen, pr. Aiperen ; loc. Yper, pr. 

Aiper or Iper ; Ger. Ypern. 
Zara : Dalrnatia, Italy ; Serb-Croat oajjap, Zadar. 
Zealand : Denmark ; conv. for Dan. Sjadland, pr. Syellan or Shellan ; 

Fr. and Ger. Seeland ; (not Zeeland). 
Zeeland : pr. Zelant : Holland ; (not Zealand). 
Zimnicea : pr. Zimnichea : Romania: Bulg. oiijihipi'i, = Zimnich ; (not 

Simnitza). 
Zuider Zee : pr. between Zai- and Zoider Ze : Holland ; (not Zuyder 

Zee). ____^__ 

FIRST GENERAL LIST OF EUROPEAN NAMES. 



ADDENDA & CORRIGENDA. 
(See also p. 8 of First General List of Asiatic Names.) 
passim. For Rum., Rumania read Rom., Romania, 
p. 3. Budapest : for pr. Budapesht read pr. Biidopasht. 
p. 4. Cologne : add Dutch Keulen ; Ital. and Sp. Colonia ; Pol. 
Kolonia ; Cesky Kolin nad Rynem. 
Constantinople : dele and Bulg. ; add Bulg. B^apiirpajVB = 
Tsarigrad ; Ital. Costantinopoli ; Arm. \\n.„nu.%^,n^u ( n l hu = 
Kosdandnubolis. 
p. 8. Mainz: add Ital. Magonza ; Pol. Moguncya. 

Ntirnberg : add Ital'. Norimbergo ; Cesky Norimberk ; Pol. 
Xorymberga. 
p. 9. Ostend : dele and Flem. ; add Flem. Oostende ; Ital. Ostenda. 
p. 11. For Sighetul Marmariei read Sighetul Marmatiei : pr- 

Sigetul Marmatsiei. 
p. 12. Venice: add Cesky Benatky ; Serb-Croat BeHeTKe, Benetke, 



LONDO.N : PRINTED IJY WM. ('[.OWES AND SONS, LTD., DUKE STREET, STAMFORD STREET, S.E.I. 



I 

PERMANENT COMMITTEE ON GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES 
FOR BRITISH OFFICIAL USE. 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN 
CZECHOSLOVAKIA (Bohemia only). 



Published for the Permanent Committee on Geographical Names by 
Royal Geographical Society, Kensington Gore, London, S. W. 7. 

July, 1924. 

Prick Sixpence. 



the 



The following List, which has been prepared in collaboration with the 
Czechoslovak Legation, applies to Bohemia only, and will be followed by 
a Second List applying to the rest of Czechoslovakia, viz. Moravia, 
Silesia, Slovakia, and Carpathian Ruthenia. 

The approximate distance and bearing from the capital (sidlo) of the 
county (zupa) in which the place is situated is given with every name. 

The Pronunciation of Czech. 
Czech. R.G.S. II. 

ts (as in rats). 

ch (as in church). 

kh (as ch in loch). 

dy, d' (as d in duty). 

j (English). 

ye (as in yet). 

y (consonant). 

u\ and wr (as in pulp, And. furnace). 

ny, n' (as n in new). 

o (as in both). 

rzh (or r + j French). 

sh (as in sheepish). 

ty, t' (as t in tune). 

u (as in rude). 

i, i (always a vowel). 

zh (or j French). 

The soft or voiced consonants b, d, dz, dz, g, h, v, z, z, at the end of a word of 
more than one syllable or before any of the hard or unvoiced letters p, t, c, e, k, ch, 
f, s, §, are themselves pronounced as their hard or unvoiced equivalents (just 
mentioned) ; e.g., Zizkov is pronounced Zhishkof. 

The acute accent ' in Czech merely lengthens and does not stress a vowel. The 
stress is always on the first syllable. 

It may be added that the word "Czech " is purely conventional, being the Polish 
spelling of "Cech," pronounced Chekh, which strictly means "a Czech man," 
" a Bohemian " ; the language is properly " C'esky," pronounced Cheski. 



6 . 

ch . 

d' (and d before i) 

dz . 

6 . . . 

i • • 

1 and r, between two 
h (and n before i) 
ou . 



t' (and t before i) 



y. y 



consonants 



ABBREVIATIONS, Etc. 



conv conventional. 

Fr French. 

Ger German. 

Ital Italian. 

mt mountain. 



Pol Polish. 

pr pronounced. 

riv river. 

Russ Russian. 

Sp Spanish. 



The pronunciations are in accordance with the R.G.S. II. System, for which 
see Geog. Jour., Jan. 1921, Vol. lvii, pp. 40-43; or an explanatory leaflet can be 
had on application to the Secretary, Permanent Committee on Geographical Names, 
at the Royal Geographical Society. 

The acute accent ' in the pronunciations indicates the stress. [N.B. — In Czech 
the acute accent ' indicates a long vowel and not the stress, which is always on the 
first syllable.] The apostrophe ' indicates a liquid sound. 

a, c, u = the neutral vowel as in m«rine, often, difficult. 



2 FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA (BOHEMIA ONLY). 

Adler, Stille and Wilde : see Orlice, Ticha and Divoka. 

Adlergebirge : see Orlicke Hory. 

Adlerkosteletz : see Kostelec (nad Orlici). 

Altbunzlau : see Stara Boleslav. 

AJtpilsenetz : see Stary Plzenec. 

Altrohlau : 5 kru. n.w. Carlsbad ; Germanised form of Czech, Stara Role. 

Altsattel : see Stare Sedlo. 

Angel : see Uhlava. 

Amau : see Hostinne. 

As: Czech for Asch. 

Asch : pr. Ash : 50 km. w. Carlsbad ; Ger. ; Czech, As, pr. Ash. 

Auscha : see Oustek. 

Aussig : see Usti (nad Labem). 

Bakov : pi'. Bakof : 10 km. n. Ml. Boleslav ; Ger. Bakow. 

Bar an : see Bavorov. 

Bastidnperh : Czech for Sebastiansberg. 

Bavorov : pr. Bavorof : 35 km. n.w. Budejovice ; Ger. Barau. 

Bechyne : pr. Bekhinye : 90 km. s. Prague ; Ger. Bechin. 

BeCOV : pr. Bechof : 15 km. s. Carlsbad; Ger. Petschau. 

Bela: pr. Byela: 15 km. n.w. Ml. Boleslav; Ger. Weisswasser. 

BeneSOV : pr. Beneshof : 20 km. n.w. Ceska Lipa ; Ger. Bensen. 

BeneSOV : pr. Beneshof : 40 km. s.e. Prague ; Ger. Beneschau. 

Bensen : see Benesov. 

Bergreichenstein : see Kasperske Hory. 

Bergstadtl : see Hory Matky Bozi. 

Beroun : pr. Beron : 30 km. s.w. Prague ; Ger. Beraun. 

Berounka : pr. Beronka : riv., Pilsen-Prague ; Ger. Beraun. 

Bezdruzice : pr. Bezdruzhitse : 35 km. n.w. Pilsen ; Ger. Weseritz. 

Bflina : 20 km. n. Louny ; Ger. Bilin. 

Birkenbcrg : see Bfezove Hory. 

Bischoftcinitz : see Horsilv Tyn. 

Bistrau : see Bystre. 

Blanice : pr. Blanyitse : riv., 30 km. n.w. Budejovice ; Ger. Blanitz. 

Blatna : pr. Blatna : 50 km. s.e. Pilsen. 

Blatno : Czech for Platten. 

Blockenstein : mt., Bohemia-Germany-Austria ; Ger. ; Czech, Plechy, 

pr. Plekhi. 
Blovice : pr. Blovitse : 20 km. s.e. Pilsen ; Ger. Blowitz. 
Bochov : pr. Bokhof: 15 km. s.e. Carlsbad; Ger. Buchau. 
Bodenhaeh : see Podmokly. 

Bohdanec : pr. Bohdanech : 10 km. n.w. Pardubice ; Ger. Bohdanetsch. 
Bohemia ; conv. for Cechy, pr. Chekhi ; Pol. Czechy ; Buss. x Iexia = 

Chekhiya ; Ger. Bohmen ; Fr. Bohume ; Ital. Boemia. Adjective, 

Czech, conv. for Cesky. 
Bdhmer Wald or Bohemian Forest : ruts., Bohemia-Germany ; 

Ger.; Czech, Cesky Les, pr. CheskI Les (n.w. portion), and Sumava, 

pr. Shumava (s.e. portion). 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA (BOHEMIA ONLY). 3 

Bbhnisch-Aicha : see Cesky Dub. 
Bohmisck-Brod : see Cesky Brod. 
Bohmischer Kamm : see Orlicke Hory. 
Bohmisch-Kamnitz : see ( 'esk;i Kamenice. 
Bohmisch-Leipa : see Ceska Lipa. 
Bohmisch-Skalitz : see Ceska Skalice. 
Bohmisch-Truban : see Ceska Tfebova. 
Bor : 55 kin. w. Pilsen ; Ger. Haid. 

Bor (u Ceske Ll'py) : pr. Bor (u Cheske Lipi) : 10 km. N. Ceska Lfpa; 
Ger. Haida. 

Brandys (nad Labem) : pr. Brandls (nad Labeiu) : 20 km. n.e. 

Prague ; Ger. Brandeis (an der Elbe). 
Braunau: see Brouinov. 

Bfevnoy : pr. Brzhevnof : Prague; Ger. Brewnow. 
Bfeznice: pr. Brzheznyitse : 55 km. s.e. Pilsen; Ger. Breznitz. 
Bfezove Hory: pr. Brzhezove Hori : 55 km. s.W. Prague: Ger. 

Birkenberg. 

Broumov : pr. Bromof : 55 km. n.e. Hradec Kralove ; Ger. Braunau. 

Briix : see Most. 

Bubenec : pr. Bubenech : Prague ; Ger. Bubentseh. 

Bucltmi : see Bochov. 

Budejovice: pr. Budyeyovitse : Bohemia; Ger. Budweis. 

Budweis : see Budejovice. 

Bystrd : pr. Bistre: 60 km. s.e Pardubice; Ger. Bistrau. 

Carlsbad: Bohemia; conv. (Ger.) for Czech, Karlovy Vary, pr. Karlovi 

\ ari : Austro-Ger. Karlsbad. 
Caslav: pr. Chaslaf : 75 km. E. Prague; Ger. Caslau. 
L'lilui : Czech for Bohemia. 

Celakovice : pr. Chelakovitse : 25 km. n.e. Prague; Ger. Celakowitz. 
Cernovice : pr. Chernovitse : 90 km. s.e. Prague ; Ger. Cernowitz. 
Cervene Janovice : pr. Chervene Yanovitse : 65 km. s.e Prague ; 

Ger. Etothjan,owitz. 

Ceska Kamenice: pr. Cheska Kamenyitse: 15 km. n.w. Ceska Lipa; 

( rer. Bohmisch-Kamnitz. 
Ceska Lipa: pr. Cheska Lipa : Bohemia; Ger. Bohmisch-Leipa. 
Ceska Skalice: pr. Cheska Skalitse: 25 km. n.e. Hradec Kralove; 

Ger. Bohmisch-Skalitz. 
Ceska Tfebova: pr. Cheska Trzhebova: 50 km. s.e. Pardubice; 

( ler. Bohmisch-Triibau. 
Cesky Brod: pr. Cheskl Brod: 30 km. b. Prague; Ger. Bohmisch-Brod. 
Cesky Dub: pr. Cheskl Dub: 25 km. x. Ml. Boleslav ; Ger. Bohmisch- 

Aicha. 
Cesky Lee: Czech for N.w. portion of Bohmer Wald. 
Chabafovice : pr. Khiiljarzhovitse : 50 km. \v. Ceska Lipa; Ger. 

Karbitz. 
Cheb : pr. Kheb: 40 km. s.w. Carlsbad ; Ger. Eger. 
Chlumec : pr. KJilumets: 25 km. \v. Hradec Kralovfij Ger. Chlumetz. 
Chocen : pr. Khotsen': 35 km. e. Pardubice; Ger. Chotzen, 



4 FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA (BOHEMIA ONLY). 

Chodov : pr. Khodof : 10 km. w. Carlsbad; Ger. Chodau. 

Chomutov : pr. Khomutof : 30 km. n.w. Louny ; Ger. Komotau. 

Chotebof : pr. Khotyeborzh : 100 km. s.e. Prague. 

Chotesov: pr. Khotyeshof : 15 km. s.w. Pilsen ; Ger. Chotieschau. 

Chotzen : see Chocen. 

Chrast' : pr. Khrast' : 20 km. s.e. Pardubice. 

Chrastava : pr. Khrastava : 30 km. n.e. Ceska Lipa ; Ger. Kratzau. 

Chrudim : pr. Khrudyim : 10 km. s. Pardubice. 

Chvalsiny : pr. Khvalshini : 25 km. s.w. Budejovice ; Ger. Kalsching. 

Cfsafsky Les : pr. Tslsarzhski Les : hills, 25 km. s.w. Carlsbad ; Ger. 

Kaiser wald. 
Cvikov : Czech for Zwickau. 
Czechoslovakia: pr. Chekhoslovakia ; conv. for Ceskoslovenska 

Republika, pr. Cheskoslovenska Republika, or Ceskoslovensko ; Fr. 

Tchecoslovaquie ; Ital. Cecoslovacchia ; Rom. Cehoslovacia ; Ger. 

Tschechoslowakien ; Pol. Czechoslowacja. Adjective, Czechoslovak, 

conv. for Ceskoslovensky (abbrev. CS). 
Dasice : pr. Dashitse : 10 km. e. Pardubice ; Ger. Daschitz. 
Dauba : see Duba. 

Decin : pr. Dyechin: 25 km. N.w. Ceska Lipa; Ger. Tetschen. 
Dejvice : pr. Deivitse ; Prague ; Ger. Dejwitz. 
Destna : pr. Deshtna : mt., 40 km. e. Hradec Kralove ; Ger. (Deschneier) 

Grosskoppe. 
Deutsch-Beneschau : 30 km. s.e. Budejovice ; Ger. ; Czech, Nemecky 

Benesov, pr. Nyemetskl Beneshof. 
Deutsch-Brod : see Nemecky Brod. 
Deutsch-Gabel : see Nemecke Jablonne. 

Dobfany: pr. Dobrzhani: 10 km. s.w. Pilsen; Ger. Dobrzan. 
DobfiS: pr. Dobrzhish : 40 km. s.w. Prague. 
Dobruska : pr. Dobrushka : 25 km. n.e. Hradec Kralove ; Ger. 

Dobruschka. 
Doksy: 15 km. s.e. Ceska Lipa; Ger. Hirschberg. 
Dolnf BoilSOv: pr. Dolnyi Bosof : 15. km. e. Ml. Boleslav ; Ger. Unter- 

Bautzen. 
Dolni Kralovice : pr. Dolnyi Kralovitse : 70 km. s „e. Prague ; Ger. 

Unter-Kralowitz. 
Domazlice : pr. Domazhlitse : 55 km. s.w. Pilsen ; Ger. Taus. 
Doubrava: pr. Dobrava : 70 km. E. Prague. 
Doupov : pr. Dopof : 20 km. e. Carlsbad ; Ger. Duppau. 
Drosau : see Strazov. 

Duba: pr. Duba : 15 km. s. Ceska Lipa; Ger. Dauba. 
Duchcov : pr. Dukhtsof : 30 km. N. Louny : Ger. Dux. 
Duppau: see Doupov. 
Dux : see Duchcov. 
Dviir Kralove : pr. Dviir Kralove : 25 km. n. Hradec Kralove ; Ger. 

Koniginhof. 
Dzban : pr. Jban : hills, 15 km. s. Louny; Ger. Zban-Wald. 
Eger: see Cheb. 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA (BOHEMIA ONLY). 5 

Eijer : riv. ; see Ohre. 

Eipel : .set- Opice. 

Eisi •nbrod : see Zelezny Brod. 

Eisenstein : see Zelezna Rutin. 

Elbe : riv., Bohemia-German)- ; Fr. and Ger. ; Czech, Labe ; Pol. Laba ; 

Ital. and Sp. Elba. 
Elbehosteletz : see Kostelec (nad Labem). 
Elbogen : see Loket. 
Erz Gebirge or Ore Mountains: nits., Bohemia-Germany; Ger.; 

Czech. Krusne Hory, pr. Krushne Hori. 
Eu'le : see Jilove. 

Falkenau : 20 km. w. Carlsbad : Ger. : Czech, Falknov, pr. Falknof. 
Fischern : 5 km. x.w. Carlsbad; Ger] ; Czech. Rybafe, pr. Ribarzhe. 
Frantiskovy Ldzne : Czech for Franzensbad. 
Franzensbad : 40 km. w. Carlsbad ; Ger. ; Czech. Frantiskovy Lazne, 

pr. Frantyishkovi Lfiznve. 
Frauenberg : see Hluboka. 

Freiheit : 55 km. x. Hradee Kralove ; Ger. ; Czech, Vrajt, pr. Vrait. 
Friedland : pr. Pridlant : 60 km. N. Ml. Boleslav ; Ger. ; Czech, Fridland. 
Gabl (mi ili in Adler) : see Jablonne (nad Orlici). 
Gablonz (an der Neisse) : see Jablonec (nad Nisou). 
Gastorf : see Host'ka. 
Geierslx rij : see Kysperk. 
Georgenthal : 20 km. n. Ceska Lipa ; Ger. ; Czech, Jifetin, pr. Yir- 

zhetyfn. 
Georgswalde : 35 km. n. Ceska Lipa ; Ger. 
Gu'SshiibeJ : see Olesnice. 
Golcuv Jenikov : pr. Golchuf Yenylkof : 80 km. S.E. Prague : Ger. 

Goltschjenikau. 
Gbrkau : 30 km. n.W. Lounv ; Germanised form of Czech, Jirkov, pr. 

Yirkof. 
Graslitz : see Kraslice. 
Gratzen : see Nove Hrady. 
Grosskoppe, Deschneier : see Destna. 

Grottau : 30 km. n.w. Ceska Lipa ; Ger. ; Czech, Hradek. 
Qrvlich : see Ivuiliky. 

Habry : pr. Habri: 85 km. s.e. Prague; Ger. Habern. 
Raid : see Bor. 

Haiila : set- Bor (u < 'eske Lipy). 
Hainspach : pr. Hainshpakh : 40 km. x.w. Ceska Lipa; Ger.; Czech, 

Haiispach, pr. llan'shpakh. 
Hartmanice: pr. Hartmanyitse : 05 km. s. Pilsen ; (!er. Hartmanitz. 
Hefmanuv Mestec : pr. Herzhmaniif Myestets: 15 km. s.w. Pardu- 
bice; <ier. Jiermanmestetz. 
Hirschberg : see Loksy. 

Hlinsko : pr. EUinsko : 30 km. s.k. Pardubice. 
Hluboka: pr. Bluboka : 10 km. x. Budejovice; Ger. Frauenberg. 
Jlnrltstmlt {<ni der Iser) : sec Vysoke (nad Jizerou). 



6 FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA (BOHEMIA ONLY). 

Hochwessely : see Vysoke Veseli. 

Hodkovice : pr. Hotkovitse : 30 km. n.e. Ml. Boleslav ; Ger. Liebenau. 

Holtenhruch : see Tfebechovice. 

Hohenelbe : see Vrchlabf. 

Hohenfurth : see Vyssi Rrod. 

Hohenmauth : see Vysoke Myto. 

Holice : pr. Holitse : 15 km. B. Pardubice; Ger. Holitz. 

Hora Svaie Kateriny : Czech for Katharinaberg. 

Horazd'ovice : pr. Horazhdyovitse : 70 km. n.w. Budejovice ; Ger. 
Horazdiowitz. 

Hofice : pr. Horzhitse : 25 km. N.w. Hradec Kralove ; Ger. Horitz. 

Horni Cerekev: pr. Hornyl Tserekef: 110 km. s.e. Prague; Ger. 
Ober-Cerekwe. 

Horni Litvfnov : pr. Horny! Litvinof : 30 km. N.w. Louny; Ger. 
Ober-Leutensdorf. 

Hofovice : pr. Horzhovitse : 45 km. s.w. Prague; Ger. Horowitz. 

HorSUV Tyn : pr. Horshuf Tin : 40 km. s.w. Pilsen ; Ger. Bischofteinitz. 

Hory Matky Bozi: pr. Hon MatkiBozhi: 55 km. s. Pilsen: Ger. 
Bergstadtl. 

Hostau : see Hostoun. 

Hostinne : pr. Hostinne : 40 km. n. Hradec Kralove; Ger. Arnau. 

Host'ka: 25 km. s.w. Ceska Lipa ; Ger. Gastorf. 

Hostomice : pr. Hostomitse : 40 km. s.w. Prague ; Ger. Hostomitz. 

Hostoufi: pr. Hoston' : 50 km. s.w. Pilsen ; Ger. Hostau. 

Hradcany: pr. Hratchani : Prague; Ger. Hradschin. 

Hradec Kralove: pr. Hradets Kralove: Bohemia; Ger. Koniggratz. 

Hrddeh : Czech for Grottau. 

Hrochuv Tynec : pr. Hrokhuf Tlnets : 15 km. s.e. Pardubice; Ger. 
H rochowteinitz. 

Huhnerwasser : see Kurivody. 

Humpolec : pr. Humpolets : 90 km. s.e. Prague; Ger. Humpoletz. 

Iser : see Jizera. 

Iser Gebirge : see Jizerske Hory. 

Jablonec (nad Nisou) : pr. Yablonets (nad NyisS) : 40 km. n.e. 
Ml. Boleslav ; Ger. Gablonz (an der Neisse). 

Jablonne (nad Orlici) : pr. Yablonne (nad Orlitsl) : 60 km. e. Pardu- 
bice ; Ger. Gabl (an dem Adler). 

Jacliymov : Czech for Joachimsthal. 

Janovice : pr. Yanovitse : 55 km. s. Pilsen ; Ger. Janowitz. 

Jaromef : pr. Yaromyerzh: 20 km. n.e. Hradec Kralove. 

Jicin : pr. Yichln : 30 km. e. Ml. Boleslav. 

Jilemnice : pr. Yilemnyitse : 50 km. n.e. Ml. Boleslav ; Ger. Star- 
kenbach. 

Jllove : pr. Yilove : 20 km. s. Prague ; Ger. Eule. 

Jindfichuv Hradec : pr. Yindrzhikhuf Hradets : 45 km. n.e. Bude- 
jovice ; Ger. Neuhaus. 

Jifetin : Czech for Georgenthal. 

JirJcov : Czech for Gorkau. 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA (BOHEMIA ONLY). 7 

Jizera : pr. Yizera : riv., Ml. Boleslav ; Ger. Iser. 

Jizerske Hory: pr. Yizerske Hori : nits., Bohemia-Germany ; Ger. Iser 
Gebirge. 

Joachimsthal : pr. Yoakhimstal : 15 km. N. Carlsbad; Ger.; Czech, 

Jachymov, pr. Yakhimof. 
Josefov : pr. Yosefof: 1") km. n. Hradec Kralove; Ger. Josefstadt. 
Josefstadt : see Josefov. 

Josefsthal : pr. Yozefstal : 50 km. n.e. Ml. Boleslav ; Ger. ; Czech, 

Josefodol, pr. Yosefodol. 
Jungbunzlau: see Mlada Boleslav. 
Jungwoschitz : see Mlada Vozice. 

Kacov: pr. Kiitsof : 55 km. s.e. Prague; Ger. Katzow. 
Kadafl : pr. Kadan' : 30 km. n.e. Carlsbad; Ger. Kaaden. 
Kaiserwald : see Cisarsky Les. 
Kahching : see Chvalsiny. 
Kamenice (nad Lipou) : pr. Kamenyitse (nad Lipo) : 100 km. s.e. 

Prague ; Ger. Kamenitz (an der Linde). 
Kaplice : pr. Kaplitse : 25 km. s. Budejovice ; Ger. Kaplitz. 
Karbitz: see Chabafovice. 

Karlin : pr. Karlin : Prague ; Ger. Karolinenthal. 
Karlovy Vary: Czech for Carlsbad. 

Karluv Tyn : pr. Karlfif Tin : 25 km. s.w. Prague; Ger. Karlstein. 
Karolinenthal: see Karlin. 

Kasejovice : pr. K.iseyovitse : 40 km. s.e. Pilsen ; Ger. Kassejowitz. 
Kasperske Hory: pr. Kashperske Hori: 70 km. s. Pilsen; Ger. 

Bergreichenstein. 

Katharinaberg : 40 km. n.w. Louny ; Ger. ; Czech, Hora Svate 

Kattfiny, pr. Katerzhini. 
Katzoio : see Kacov. 
Kaurim : see Koufim. 

Kdyne Nova: pr. Kdlnye Nova: 55 km. s.w. Pilsen; Ger. Neugedein. 
Keilberg : see Klin. 

Kinzvart Ldzne : Czech for Konigswart. 
Kladno : 30 km. s.e. Louny. 

Kladruby : pr. Kladrubi : 30 km. vv. Pilsen ; Ger. Kladrau. 
Klatovy: pr. Klatovi: 40 km. s. Pilsen; Ger. Klattau. 
Klattau : see Klatovy. 

Klin : mt., 20 km. x. Carlsbad ; Ger. Keilberg. 
Kohljanowitz : see Uhlifske Janovice. 

KoleSOvice : pr. Koleshovitse : 55 km. e. Carlsbad ; Ger. Kolleschowitz. 
Koll'n : pr. Kolin : 55 km. E. Prague. 
Komotau : see Chomutov. 
Konitjgrdtz : see Hradec Kralove. 
Kdniginhof : see Dvfir Kralove. 
Koniglichc Wcinberge : see Kralovske \' inohrady. 
Konigxaal : see Zbraslav. 

Konigaberg (mi der Eger): see Kynsperk (nad Ohii). 
Konigstadtl : see Mestec Kralove. 



8 FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA (BOHEMIA ONLY). 

Konigswart (Bad): 30 km. B.w. Carlsbad; Ger. ; Czech, Kinzvart 

(Lazne), pr. Kinzhvart Laznye. 
Kopisty : pi". Kopisti : 25 km. n.w. Louny ; Ger. Kopitz. 
KoSlfe : pr. Koshirzhe : Prague ; Ger. Koschir. 
Kost'any : pr. Koshtyani : 35 km. N. Louny ; Ger. Kosten. 
Kostelec (nad Cernymi Lesy): pr. Kostelets (nad Chernlmi Lesi) : 

.")•") km. E. Prague : Ger. Schwartzkosteletz. 
Kostelec (nad Labem): pr. Kostelets (nad Labem) : 20 km. x.e. 

Prague ; Ger. Elbekosteletz. 
Kostelec (nad Orlici): pr. Kostelets (nad Orlitsl) : 35 km. x.e. Par- 
dubice ; Ger. Adlerkosteletz. 
Koufim : pr. Korzhlm : 40 km. e. Prague : Ger. Kaurim. 
Kraliky: pr. Kraliki: 70 km. e. Pardubice; Ger. Grulich. 
Kralovice : pr. Kralovitse : 25 km. n. Pilsen ; Ger. Kralowitz. 
Kralovske Vinohrady : pr. Kralofske, Vinohradi : Prague ; Ger 

Konigliche Weinberge. 
Kralupy : pr. Krdlupi: 40 km. s.e. Louny; Ger. Kralup. 
Kraslice : pr. Kraslitse: 30 km. N.W. Carlsbad ; Ger. Graslitz. 
Krasna Hora : pr. Kr&sna Hora : 55 km. s. Prague ; Ger. Sehonberg. 
Kra&nd Lipa : Czech for iSehonlinde. 
Kratzau: see Chrastava. 

Kfivoklat: pr. Krzhivoklat : 35 km. s. Louny; Ger. Piirglitz. 
Krkonoie : Czech for Riesen Gebirge. 

Krocehlavy : pr. Krochehlavi : 35 km. s.e. Louny ; Ger. Krocehlaw. 

Krumlov: pr. Krumlof : 20 km. s.w. Budcjovice ; Ger. Krumau. 

Krusne Hory : Czech for Erz Gebirge. 

Kufivody : pr. Kurzhlvodi : 20 km. s.e. C'eska Lipa ; Ger. Hiihnerwasser. 

Kutna Hora: pr. Kutna Hora: 60 km. e. Prague; Ger. Kuttenberg. 

Kxttenberg : see Kutna Hora. 

Kynsperk (nad Ohfi) : pr. Kinshperk (nad Ohrzhl) : 25 km. s.w. 
Carlsbad ; Ger. Konigsberg (an der Eger). 

Kysperk: pr. Kishpesrk: 55 km. e. Pardubice; Ger. Geiersberg. 

Labe : Czech for Elbe. 

Lanskroun : pr. Lanshkron: 60 km. E. Pardubice: Ger. Landskron. 

Latin : see Louny. 

Laimtzer Gebirge : see Vrchovina Luzicka. 

Ledec : pr. Ledech : 75 km. s.e. Prague. 

Leitmeritz : see Litomeiiee. 

Leitoiulsrhl : see Litomysl. 

Libafl : pr. Liban': 25 km. e. Ml. Boleslav ; Ger. Liban. 

Liberec : pr. Liberets : 40 km. N. Ml. Boleslav ; Ger. Reichenberg. 

Libochovice : pr. Libokhovitse : 20 km. e. Louny ; Ger. Libochowitz. 

Liebenau : see Hodkovice. 

Lischau : see Lisov. 

LiSOV : pr. Lishof : 10 km. n.e. Budcjovice; Ger. Lischau. 

Lissa (an der Elbe) : see Lysa (nad Labem). 

LitOmefice : pr. Litomyerzhitse : 35 km. s.w. Ceska Lipa ; Ger. 
Leitmeritz. 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA (BOHEMIA ONLY). 9 

Litomysl : pr. Litomishl : 40 km. .s.e. Pardubice ; Ger. Leitomischl. 

Lobositz : see Lovosice. 

Loket : 10 km. s.w. Carlsbad; Ger. Elbogen. 

Lomnice (nad Luznici) : pr. Lomnyitse (nad Luzhnyitsl) : 20 km. x.e. 

Budejovice ; Ger. Lomnitz (an der Luschuitz). 
Lomnice (nad Popelkou) : pr. Lomnyitse (nad Popelko) : .">•"> km. n.i:. 

Ml, Boleslav ; Ger. Lomnitz (an der Popelka). 
Louny : pr. Ldni : Bohemia ; Ger. Laun. 

Lovosice: pr. Lovositse: 25 km. x.e. Louny : Ger. Lobositz. 
Luditz : see Zlutice. 
Luznice : pr. Luzhnyitse : riv., 30 km. \. & e. Budejovice; Ger. 

Luschuitz. 
Lysa (nad Labem) : pr. Lisa: 25 km. s. Ml. Boleslav: Ger. Lissa 

(an der Elbe). 
Malse : pr. Malshe : riv., s. Budejovice ; Ger. Maltsch. 
Manetin : }>r. Manyetyln : 30 km. x.w. Pilsen ; Ger. Manetin. 
Marianske Ldzne: Czech for Marienbad. 
Marienbad : 55 km. x.w. Pilsen; Ger.; Czech, Marianske Lazne, pr. 

Marianske Laznye. 
Marschendorf : see Marsov. 

Marsov : pr. Marshof : 50 km. x. Hradec Kralove ; Ger. Marschendorf. 
Melnik : pr. Myelnyik : 30 km. w. Ml. Boleslav ; Ger. Melnik. 
Mestec Kralove : pr. Myestets Kralove : 35 km. s.e. Ml. Bolesla\' : 

Ger. Kimigstadtl. 
Michle : pr. Mikhle : Prague. 
Mies : see Stfibro. 
Mies : riv. ; see Mze. 
Mihuldsovice : Czech for Xixdorf. 

Milcin : pr. Milchin : 60 km. s. Prague ; Ger. Miltschin. 
Milevsko : pr. Milefsko : 70. km. s. Prague ; Ger. Miihlhausen. 
Mimofi : pr. Mimon' : 15 km. i:. ( esk;i Lipa ; Ger. Niemes. 
Mirotice : pr. Mirotyitse : 80 km. s.w. Prague ; Ger. Mirotitz. 
Mirovice : \>r. Mirovitse : 70 km. s.w. Prague ; Ger. Mirowitz. 
Mittagsberg : mt., 75 km. s. Pilsen; Ger.; Czech, Polednik, pr. 

Polednylk. 
Mittelgebirge : see Stfedohofi. 

Mlada Boleslav : pr. Mlada P.uleslaf : Buhemia ; Ger. Jungbunzlau. 
Mlada Vozice: pr. Mlada Vozhitse: 65 km. s.e. Prague; Ger. Jung- 

woschitz. 
Mnichovice : J"". .Mnikhovitse : 25 km. s.e. Prague; Ger. Mnichowitz. 
Mnichovo Hradiste : pr. Mnyikhovo Hradyishtye: 15 km. x. Ml. 

Boleslav ; Ger. Miincbengratz. 
Moldau : see Vltava. 
Moldauthein : see Tyn (nad Vltavou). 
Mnrrh'uxtv.rn : see Sinr/.uvka. 
Most: 20 km. x.w. Louny; Ger. Briix. 

Mseno : pr. Msheno : 20 km. w. Ml. Bolesla\ : (Jer. Mseheno. 
Miihlhausen : see Milevsko. 



10 FIRST LIST OP NAMES IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA (BOHEMIA ONLY). 

Munchengratz : see Mnichovo Hradiste. 

Mze : pr. Mzhe : riv., w. Pilsen ; Ger. Mies. 

Naceradec : pr. Nacheradets : 65 km. s.E. Prague ; Ger. Naceradetz. 

Nachod : pr. Nakhod : 35 km. n.e. Hradec Kralove. 

Nasavrky : pr. Nasav^rki : 25 km. s. Pardubice ; Ger. Nassaberg. 

Nassaberg : see Nasavrky. 

Nechanice : pr. Nekhanyitse : 15 km. w. Hradec Kralove ; Ger. 

Nechanitz. 
Nectiny : pr. Nechtyini : 30 kin. n.w. Pilsen ; Ger. Netscbetin. 
Nemecke Jablonn^: pr. Nyemetske Yablonne : 20 km. n.e. Ceska 

Lipa ; Ger. Deutsch-Gabel. 
Nemechy Benesov : Czech for Deutsch-Beneschau. 
Nemecky Brod : pr. Nyernetski Brod : 100 km. s.E. Prague ; Ger. 

Deutsch-Brod. 
Nepomuk : pr. Nepomuk : 30 km. s.e. Pilsen. 
Netolice : pr. Netolitse: 20 km. n.w. Budejovice ; Ger. Netolitz. 
Netschetin : see Nectiny. 
Neubenateh : see Nove Benatky. 
Neubidschow : see Novy Bydzov. 
Neubistritz : see Nova Bystfice. 
Neudek : pr. Noidek : 15 km. N.w. Carlsbad; Ger.; Czech, Neydek, pr. 

Neidek. 
Neuern : see Nyrsko. 
Neugedein : see Kdyne Nova. 
Nenhaus : see Jindf ichiiv Hradec. 
Neumarkt : see Outery. 
Neujmha : see Nova Paka. 
Neusattl : see Kove Sedlo. 

Neustadt (an der Meitau) : see Nove Mesto (nad Metuji). 
Neustadt (an der Tafelfichte) : pr. Noishtat (an der Tafelfikhte) : 

60 km. n.e. Ml. Boleslav ; Ger. ; Czech, Nove Mesto (pod Smrkem), 

pr. Nove Myesto (pod Smerkem). 
Neustraschitz : see Nove Straseci. 

Neveklov : pr. Neveklof : 40 km. s. Prague ; Ger. Neweklau. 
Neydek : Czech for Neudek. 

Nezarka: pr. Nezharka : riv., 30 km. n.e. Budejovice. 
Niemes : see Mimon. 
Nimburg : see Nymburk. 
Nixdorf: 35 km. n.w. Ceska Lipa; Ger.; Czech, Mikulasovice, pr. Mikula- 

shovitse. 
Nova Bystfice: pr. N6va Bistrzhitse : 55 km. B. Budejovice; Ger. 

Neubistritz. 
Nova Paka : pr. Nova Paka : 45 km. E. Ml. Boleslav ; Ger. Neupaka. 
Nove" Benatky : pr. Nove Benatki : 15 km. s.w. Ml. Boleslav ; Ger. 

Neubenatek. 
Nove Hrady : pr. Nove Hnidi : 30 km. s.E. Budejovice ; Ger. Gratzen. 
Nove" Mesto (nad Metuji) : pr. Nove Myesto (nad Metuyl) : 30 km. 

n.e. Hradec Kralove; Ger. Neustadt (an der Mettau). 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA (BOHEMIA ONLY). 11 

Nove Mesto (pod Smrkem) : Czech for Neustadt (an der Tafel6chte). 
Nove Sedlo : pi'- Nove Sedlo : 10 km. \v. Carlsbad ; Ger. Neusattl. 
Nove Straseci : pr. Nove StnishetsI : 25 km. s.E. Louny : Ger. 

Xeustraschitz. 
Novosedlice: pr. Novosedlitse: 35 km. w. < 'esk;i Lipa; Ger. Ober-Sedlitz. 
Novy Bydzov : pr. Novl Bijof : 25 km. w. Hradec Kralove ; Ger. 

Neubidschow. 
Niirschan : see Nyfany. 

Nymburk : pr. Nimburk : 25 km. s.E. Ml. Boleslav ; Ger. Nimburg. 
Nyfany: pr. Nlrzhani : 15 km. w. Pilsen ; Ger. Niirschan. 
Nyrsko : pr. Nlrsko : 55 km. s.w. Pilsen ; Ger. Neuern. 
Ober-Cerehwe : see Horni Cerekev. 
Ober-Leutinsdorf : see Horni Litvinov. 
Obrr-Plnn ? see Plana. 
Ober-Sedlitz : see Novosedlice. 
Ohfe : pr. Ohrzhe : riv., Bohemia ; Ger. Eger. 
Olesnice : pr. Oleshnyitse : 40 km. x.e. Hradec Kralove ; Ger. 

Giesshiibel. 
Opocno : pr. Opoclino : 20 km. x.e. Hradec Kralove. 
Orlice. Ticha and Divoka : pr. Orlitse, Tyikha and Dyivoka : rivs., 

30 km. e. Pardubice; Ger. Adler, Stille and Wilde. 
Orlicke Hory: pr. Orlitske Hori : mts., 45 km. e. Hradec Kralove; 

Ger. Adlergebirge or Bohmischer Kamm. 
Osek : 30 km. x. Louny ; Ger. Ossegg. 
Osser-Benj : see Ostry. 

Ostrov : pr. Ostrof : 10 km. x.e. Carlsbad ; Ger. Schlackemverth. 
Ostry: pr. Ostrl: mt., 65 km. s. Pilsen; Ger. Osser-Berg. 
Otava : pr. Otava: riv., 55 km. x.w. Budejovice; Ger. W Ottawa. 
Oustek : pr. i ishtyek : 20 km. s.w. I !eska Lipa ; Ger. Auscha. 
Outery : pr. ( >tt*i-r : 35 km. x.w. Pilsen; Ger. Neumarkt. 
Pacov : pr. Patsof : 70 km. s.E. Prague; Ger. Patzau. 
Pardubice : pr. Pardubitse : Bohemia ; Ger. Pardubitz. 
Pelhfimov: pr. Pelhrzhimof : 95 km. s.E. Prague; Ger. Pilgrani. 
Petschau: see Becov. 
P/raumberg : see Pfimda. 
Pihjram : see Pelhfimov. 

Pilnikov : pr. Pilnyikof : 35 km. x. Hradec Kralove ; Ger. Piluikau. 
Pilsen or Plzefi : Bohemia; Ger. Pilsen; Czech, Plzeh, pr. Ptilzen'. 
Plana : pr. Plana : 40 km. s.w. Budejovice ; Ger. Ober-Plan. 
Plana : pr. Plana : 50 km. w. Pilsen ; Ger. Plan. 
Planice : pr. Planyitse : 40 km. s. Pilsen ; Ger. Planitz. 
Platten : 20 km. x.w. Carlsbad ; Ger. ; Czech, Blatno. 
Pleehy : Czech for Bltickenstein. 
Plzen : Czech for Pilsen, q.v. 

Pocatky : pr. Puchatki : 110 km. s.E. Prague; Ger. Pocatek. 
Podbofany : pr. Podborzhani : 40 km. e. Carlsbad ; Ger. Podersam. 
Podebrady : pr. P6dyebradi: 35 km. b.b. Ml. Boleslav; Ger. Podebrad. 
Podersam: see Podbofany. 



12 FIRST LIST OP NAMES IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA (BOHEMIA ONLY). 

Podmokly : pr. Podmokli : 25 km. w. Ceska Lipa ; Ger. Bodenbach. 

Pol ami : see Polubny. 

Polednik : Czech for Mittagsberg. 

Police : pr. Politse : 45 km. n.e. Hradec Kralove ; Ger. Politz. 

Policka: pr. Polichka: 50 km. s.e. Pardubice. 

Polubny: pr. Polubni : 50 km. n.e. Ml. Boleslav ; Ger. Polaun. 

Postoloprty : pr. Postoloperti : 5 km. w. Louny; Ger. Postelberg. 

Prachatice : pr. Pnikhatyitse : 35 km. w. Budejovice ; Ger. Prachatitz. 

Prague : conv. (and Fr.) for Czech Praha ; Ger. Prag ; Ital. and Pol. 

Praga; Rugs. ( l IeincKaa) Ilpara = (Cheshskaya) Praga. 
Praha : Czech for Prague. 

Pfelouc : pr. Przheloch: 15 km. w. Pardubice; Ger. Pfelauc. 
Pressnitz : see Pfisecnice. 

Pfestice : pr. Przheshtyitse : 20 km. s. Pilsen; Ger. Prestitz. 
Pribram : pr. Przhibram : 55 km. s.w. Prague. 
Pfibyslav: pr. Przhibislaf : 110 km. s.e. Prague; Ger. Pribislau. 
Pfimda : pi'. Przhimda : 50 km. w. Pilsen ; Ger. Pfraumberg. 
Pfisecnice : pr. Przhlsechnyitse : 30 km. n.e. Carlsbad ; Ger. Pressnitz. 
Piirglitz : see Krivoklat. 

Radbuza : pr. Radbuza :' riv., s.w. Pilsen ; Ger. Radbusa. 
Radnice : pr. Radnyitse : 20 km. n.e. Pilsen; Ger. Radnitz. 
Rakovnik : pr. Rakovnyik : 30 km s. Louny ; Ger. Rakonitz. 
Rataje : pr. Rata-ye: 50 km. s.e. Prague; Ger. Rattaj. 
Baudnitz : see Roudnice. 

JReichenau (an der Knezna) : see Rychnov (nad Kneznou). 
Reichenberg : see Liberec. 

Ricany : pr. Rzhlchani : 20 km. s.e. Prague ; Ger. Rican. 
Riesen Gebirge or Giant Mountains : ruts., Bohemia-Germany ; 

Ger. ; Czech, Krkonose, pr. Kerkonoshe. 
Rochlitz (ail der Iser) : see Roketnice (nad Jizerou). 
Roketnice (nad Jizerou) : pi*. Roketnyitse (nad Yizero) : 50 km. n.e. 

Ml. Boleslav ; Ger. Rochlitz (an der Iser). 
Rokycany : pr. Rokitsani : 15 km. e. Pilsen ; Ger. Rokitzan. 
Rokytnice : pr. Rokitnyitse : 55 km. e. Hradec Kralove ; Ger. 

Rokitnitz. 
Ronsperg : 50 km. s.w. Pilsen ; Ger. ; Czech, Ronsperk, pr. Ronshperk. 
Rosenberg : see Rozmberk. 
Bothjanowitz : see Cervene Janovice. 

Roudnice : pr. Rodnyitse : 35 km. E. Louny ; Ger. Raudnitz. 
Rozd'alovice : pr. Rozhdyalovitse : 20 km. s.e. Ml. Boleslav • Ger. 

Rozdalowitz. 
Rozmberk : pr. Rozhmberk : 35 km. s. Budejovice • Ger. Rosenberg. 
Rumburg : 30 km. n. Ceska Lipa • Ger. ; Czech, Rumburk. 
Bybdre : Czech for Fischern. 
Rychnov (nad Kneznou) : pr. Rikhnof (nad Knyezhno) : 30 km. e. 

Hradec Kralove ; Ger. Reichenau (an der Knezna). 
Saaz : see Zatec. 
Sadova : pr. Sadova: 15 km. n.w. Hradec Kralove; Ger. Sadowa. 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA (BOHEMIA ONLY). 13 

Sandau (Unter- and Ober-) : 35 km. s.w. Carlsbad; Ger. ; Czechj 

(l>olni and Horn!) Zandov, pr. Z hand of. 
Sazava: pr. Sazava: riv., 25 km. s. Prague; Ger. Sazawa. 
Schatzlar : see Zaclef. 
Scheles : see Zfhle. 
Schlackenwerth : see O.strov. 
Schlan : see Slany. 

Schluckenau : 35 km. N. Ceska Lipa ; Ger. ; Czech, Sluknov, pr. Shluknof. 
Schneekoppe: pr. Shnekoppe : mt., 60 km. N. Hradec Kralove ; <ier. : 

Czech, Snezka, pr. Snyezhka. 
Schnella : see Stfela. 

Schbnbach : pr. Shonbakh : .">5 km. w. Carlsbad ; Ger. 
Schonberg : see Krasna Hora. 

Schbnlinde : 25 km. x. ( 'esk;i Lfj)a ; Ger. ; Czech, Krasna Lipa. 
SchiittenJiofen : see Susice. 

Schwartzkosteletz : see Kostelec (nad Cernymi Lesy). 
Schweinitz : see Trhove Sviny. 
Schwihau : see Svihov. 

Sebastiansberg : 40 km. s.w. Louny ; Ger. ; Czech, Bastianperk. 
Sedlcany : pr. Sedelchani : 50 km. s. Prague ; Ger. Selcan. 
Sedlec : pr. Sedlets ; 60 km. s. Prague ; Ger. Sedletz. 
Semily : pr. Semili : 35 km. n.e. Ml. Boleslav ; Ger. Semil. 
Senftenberg : see Zamberk. 

Sezemice : pr. Sezemitse : 5 km. n.e. Pardubice ; Ger. Sezemitz. 
Silberberg : see Stfibrne Hory. 
SilbersJcditz : see Stfibrna Skalice. 

Skutec : pr. Skutech : 30 km. s.e. Pardubice ; Ger. Skutsch. 
Skvrfiany : pr. Shkvernyani : 5 km. w. Pilsen ; Ger. Skurnian. 
Slany: pr. Slani : 25 km. s.e. Louny; Ger. Schlan. 
Sluknov : Czech for Schluckenau. 
Smichov : pr. Smikhof : Prague ; Ger. Smichow. 
Smrk ; Czech for Tafelfichte. 
Smrzovka : pr. Smt'rzhofka: 40 km. n.e. Ml. Boleslav; Ger. Morchen- 

stern. 
Snezka : Czech for Schneekoppe. 

Sobeslav : pr. Sobyeslaf : 95 km. s. Prague ; Ger. Sobeslau. 
Solnice : pr. Solnyitse : 30 km. E. Hradec Kralove ; Ger. Sollnitz. 
Staab : see Stodo. 
Stara Boleslav: pr. Stara Boleslaf: 20 km. N.E. Prague; Ger. Alt- 

bunzlau. 
Stara Role : Czech for Altrohlau. 

Stare Sedlo : pr. Stare Sedlo: 65 km. s. Prague ; Ger. Altsattel. 
Starkenbach : see Jilemnice. 
Stary Plzenec : pr. Star! Piilzenets : 10 km. s.e. Pilsen ; Ger. Altpil- 

senetz. 
Stecken : see Stoky. 

Stetl : pr. Sbtyetyi : 25 km. s.w. Ceska Lipa; Ger. Wegstadtl. 
Stodo : 20 km. s.w. Pilsen ; Ger. Staab. 



14 FIRST LIST OP NAMES IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA (BOHEMIA ONLY). 

Stoky : pr. Shtoki : 105 km. s.e. Prague ; Ger. Stecken. 

Strakonice : pr. Strakonyitse : 55 km. N.w. Budejovice ; Ger. Strakonitz. 

StraZOV : pr. Strazhof : 50 km. s. Pilsen ; Ger. Drosau. 

Stfedohofi : pr. Strzhedohorzhr : hills, Louny-Ceska Lipa ; Ger. 

Mittelgebirge. 
Stfela : pr. Strzhela : riv., 20 km. N. Pilsen ; Ger. Schnella. 
Stflbrna Skalice : pr. Strzhlberna Skalitse : 35 km. s.e. Prague ; Ger. 

Silberskalitz. 
Stflbrne Hory : pr. Strzhlberne Hori : 50 km. s.e. Pilsen ; Ger. 

Silberberg. 
Stfibro : pr. Strzhlbro : 25 km. w. Pilsen ; Ger. Mies. 
Sunuiva : Czech for s.e. portion of Bohmer Wald. 
Susice : pr. Sushitse : 60 km. s. Pilsen ; Ger. Schiittenhofen. 
Svetla : pr. Svyetla : 85 km. s.e. Prague ; Ger. Swetla. 
Svihov : pr. Shvihof : 30 km. s. Pilsen ; Ger. Schwihau. 
Tabor : pr. Tabor : 75 km. s. Prague ; from Hebrew li^n. 
Tachov : pr. Takhof : 55 km. w. Pilsen ; Ger. Tachau. 
Tafelfichte : pr. Tafelfikhte : int., 60 km. n.e. Ml. Boleslav ; Ger. ; 

Czech, Smrk, pr. Smerk. 
Tannwald: pr. Tanvalt : 45 km. n.e. Ml. Boleslav ; Ger. ; Czech, Tanvald. 
Taus : see Domazlice. 

Tepla : pr. Tepla : 55 km. N.w. Pilsen ; Ger. Tepl. 
Teplice : Czech for Wekelsdorf . 
Teplice-Sanov: pr. Teplitee-Shanof : 30 km. N. Louny ; Ger. Teplitz- 

Schonau. 
Terezin : pr. Terezln : 35 km. s.w. Ceska Lipa ; Ger. Theresienstadt. 
Tetschen : see Decin. 
Tlicresienstadt : see Terezin. 
Theusing : see Touzim. 

Tinischt (an dem Adler) : see Tyniste (nad Orlici). 
Tirsehnitz : see Trsnice. 

Touskov: pr. Toshkof : 10 km. w. Pilsen; Ger. Tuschkau. 
Touzim : pr. Tozhlm : 20 km. s.e. Carlsbad ; Ger. Theusing. 
Trautenau : see Trutnov. 
Tfebechovice : pr. Trzhebekhovitse : 10 km. E. Hradec Kralove ; Ger. 

Hohenbruck. 
Tf ebon : pr. Trzhebon' : 20 km. e. Budejovice ; Ger. Wittingau. 
Trhova Kamenice : pr. Terhovti Kamenyitse : 30 km. s. Pardubice ; 

Ger. Trhowkamenitz. 
Trhove Sviny : pr. Terhovg Svini : 20 km. s.e. Budejovice; Ger. 

Schweinitz. 
Trmice : pr. Termitse : 40 km. w. Ceska Lipa ; Ger. Tiirmitz. 
Trnava : pr. Ternava : riv., 75 km. s.e. Prague ; Ger. Trnawa. 
Trnovany : pr. Ternovani : 35 km. n. Louny ; Ger. Turn. 
Trsnice : pr. Tershnyitse : 35 km. w. Carlsbad ; Ger. Tirsehnitz. 
Trutnov : pr. Trutnof : 40 km. n. Hradec Kralove ; Ger. Trautenau. 
Tiirmitz : see Trmice. 
Turn : see Trnovany. 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA (BOHEMIA ONLY). 15 

Tumov: pr. Turnof : 25 km. n.e. Ml. Boleslav ; Ger. Turnau. 

Tuschkau : see Touskov. 

Tyniste (nad Orlicf) : pr. Tlnyishtye (nad OrlitsI) : 25 km. n.e. Par- 
dubice ; Ger. Tinischt (an dem Adler). 

Tyn (nad Vltavou) : pr. Tin (nad Vttltavo) : 30 km. x. Budejovice ; 
Ger. Moldauthein. 

Uhlava: pr. Uhlava: riv., s. Pilsen ; Ger. Angel. 

Uhllfske Janovice : pr. Uhllrzhske Yanovitse : 50 km. s.e. Prague ; 
Ger. Kohljanowitz. 

Unhost' : pr. Unhosht' : 40 km. s.e. Louny. 

Unter-Bautzen i see Dolni Bousov. 

Unter-Kralowitz : see Dolni Kralovice. 

Upice : pr. Upitse : 35 km. n.e. Hradec Kralove ; Ger. Eipel. 

Uslava : pr. Uslava : riv., s.e. Pilsen ; Ger. Uslawa. 

Usti (nad Labem) : 35 km. w. Ceska Lipa ; Ger. Aussig. 

Ustl (nad Orlici) : pr. Usti (nad Orlitsi) : 45 km. e. Pardubice ; Ger. 

A\ ildenscliwert. 
Vamberk : 35 km. s.e. Hradec Kralove ; Ger. Wamberg. 
Varnsdorf: Czech for AVarnsdorf. 
Vejjprty : Czech for Weipert. 

Velvary : pr. Velvari : 35 km. e. Louny ; Cer. Welwarn. 
Verrterice : Czech for Wernstadt. 
Veseli (nad Luznici) : pr. Veseli (nad LuzhnyitsI) : 30 km. n.e. 

Budejovice ; Ger. Weseli (an der Luschnitz). 
Vil'Utein : Czech for Wildstein. 

Vimperk : 55 km. \v. Budejovice ; Ger. Winterberg. 
Vitorazsko : district, Bohemia (formerly in Lower Austria), 40 km. s.e. 

Budejovice (\.w. Gmiind). 
Vlachovo Bfezi: pr. Ylakhovo Brzhezl: 40 km. n.w. Budejoviee ; Ger. 

Wallisehbirken. 
Vlasim : pr. Vlashim : 55 km. s.e. Prague ; Ger. Wlaschim. 
Vltava: pr. Vttltava : riv., Budejovice-Prague ; Ger. Moldau. 
Vodflany : pr. Vodnyani : 30 km. x.w. Budejovice ; Ger. Wodnan. 
Volary : pr. Volari : 45 km. w. Budejovice ; Ger. Wallern. 
Volyne : pr. \'olinye : 50 km. n.w. Budejovice ; Ger. Wolin. 
Votice : pr- A T <'»tyitse : 50 km. s.e. Prague ; Ger. Wot it/.. 
Vrajt : Czech for Freiheit. 

Vrchlabi : pr. Verkhlabi : 55 km. N.E. Ml. Boleslav ; (ier. Hohenelbe. 
Vrchovina Luzicka : pr. Verkhovina Luzhitska : hills, 20 km. n.e. 

* Ceska Lipa; Ger. Lausitzer Gebirge. 
VrSOvice : pr. Vershovitse : Prague ; Ger. "Wrschowitz. 
Vseruby : pr. Fsll&rubi: 15 km. N.w. Pilsen ; Ger. W'selierau. 
Vysocany : pr. Visochani: Prague; Ger. WysoSan. 
Vysokd Myto : pr.Vfsoke Mfto: 30 km. s.e. Pardubice ; Ger. Hohenmauth. 
Vysoke (nad Jizerou) : pr. VisokS (nad Yizero) : l"> km. n.e. Ml. 

Boleslav; Ger. Hochstadi (an der lser). 
Vysokd Veseli: pr. Visoke Veseli: -"'O km. x.w. Hradec Kralove; 
( Jer. Hochwessely. 



16 FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA (BOHEMIA ONLY). 

VySSl Brod : pr. Vishshl Brod : 40 km. s. Budejovice ; Ger. Hohenfurth. 

Wallern : see Volary. 

Wallischbirken : see Vlachovo Biezi. 

Wamberg : see Vamberk. 

Warnsdorf: 25 km. n. Ceska Lipa ; Ger.; Czech, Varnsdorf. 

Wegstadtl ': see Steti. 

Weipert : pr. Vaipert : 30 km. N. Carlsbad ; Ger. ; Czecli, Vejprty, 

pr. Veiperti. 
Weisswasser : see Bela. 
Wekelsdorf: 50 km. n.e. Hradec Kralove; Ger.; Czech, Teplice, 

pr. Teplitse. 
Welwarn : see Velvary. 
Wernstadt : pr. Vernshtat : 20 km. w. Ceska Lipa ; Ger. ; Czech, 

Vernerice, pr. Vernerzhitse. 
Weseli {an der Lusclinitz) : see Veseli (nad Luznici). 
Weseritz : see Bezdruzice. . 

Wildenschwert : see Usti nad Orlici. 

Wildstein : pr. Viltshtain : 40 km. W. Carlsbad ; Ger. ; Czech, Vildstein. 
Winterberg : see Vimperk. 
Witthigau : see Tfebon'. 
Wlaschim : see Vlasim. 
Wodnan : see Vodfiany. 
Wolin : see Volyne. 
Wotitz : see Votice. 
Wottawa : see Otava. 
Wrschowitz : see Vrsovice. 
Wscherau : see Vseruby. 
Wysocan : see Vysocany. 

Zacl^f : pr. Zhatslerzh : 50 km. N. Hradec Kralove ; Ger. Schatzlar. 
Zamberk : pr. Zhamberk : 50 km. e. Pardubice ; Ger. Senftenberg. 
Zandov : Czech for Sandau. 

Zasmuky : pr. Zasmuki : 50 km. e. Prague ; Ger. Zasmuk. 
Zatec : pr. Zhatets : 20 km. w. Louny ; Ger. 8aaz. 
Zban-Wald : see Dzban. 

Zbiroh : pr. Zbirokh : 30 km. n.e. Pilsen ; Ger. Zbirow. 
Zbraslav: pr. Zbraslaf : 10 km. s. Prague ; Ger. Konigsaal. 
Zdirec : pr. Zhdyirets : 110 km. s.E. Prague. 

Zelezna Ruda : pr. Zheleznii Ruda : 70 km. s. Pilsen ; Ger. Eisenstein. 
Zelezny Brod : pr. Zheleznl Brod : 35 km. n.e. Ml. Boleslav ; Ger. 

Eisenbrod. 
Zelivka : pr. Zhelifka : riv., 60 km. s.E. Prague ; Ger. Zelivka. 
Zihle : pr. Zhihle : 40 km. s.E. Carlsbad ; Ger. Scheles. 
Zizkov : pr. Zhishkof : Prague ; Ger. Zizkow. 
Zleby : pr. Zhlebi : 80 km. e. Prague ; Ger. Zleb. 
Zlutice : pr. Zhlutyitse : 25 km. s.E. Carlsbad ; Ger. Luditz. 
Zwickau: pr. Tsvikau : 10 km. n.e. Ceska Lipa; Ger. ; Czech, Cvikov, 
pr. Tsvikof. 

LONDON : PRINTED BY WM. CLOWES AND SONS, LTD., DUKE STHEET, STAMFORD STREET, S.E. 1. 



OCEANIC 



General Lists 1-3 
Fiji 



PERMANENT COMMITTEE ON GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES 
FOR BRITISH OFFICIAL USE. 



FIRST GENERAL LIST OF OCEANIC 

NAMES (FOREIGN DEPENDENCIES). 



Published for the Permanent Committee on Geographical Names by the 
Royal Geographical Society, Kensington Gore, London, S.W.I, 

May, 1922. 

Trice Sixpence. 



The following List of Oceanic Names refers to all the Micronesian, 
Melanesian and Polynesian territories (except a few small rocks and 
reefs) under foreign administration, but not to those under the administra- 
tion of Great Britain, Australia or New Zealand, which will be dealt 
with in separate Lists to be published after reference to local authorities. 

The names are of islands or groups, uidess it is stated otherwise. 

Some of the numerous variants given for the Micronesian islands in 
the Grosser Deutscher Kolonialatlas have been omitted in this List. 

The thanks of the Committee are due to one of their number, 
B. Glanvill Corney, Esq., l.s.o., for preparing the Polynesian names, and 
to Sidney 11. Hay, Esq., for revising the Micronesian and .Melanesian 
names. 

Edward Gleichen, Maj.-Gen., 

Chairman. P. C.G.N. 
Royal Geographical Society, 

Kensington Gore, 

London, S. It'. 7. 



2 FIRST GENERAL LIST OP OCEANIC NAMES. 

ABBREVIATIONS, Etc. 

alt alternative. I orig original(ly). 

Br British. pen peninsula. 

conv conventional(ly). i i'ort Portuguese. 

form formerly. 

Fr French. 

Ger German. 



pr. pronounced. 

prop properly. 

riv river. 

Russ Russian. 



gr group. 

I., Is Island(s). | Sp Spanish. 

mt mountain. Tah Tahitian. 

off official. - U.S United States. 

The pronunciations arc in accordance with the Et.G.S. II. System, for which see 
Geog. Jour., Jan. 1921, Vol. lvu, pp. 40-4:5; or an explanatory leaflet can he had on 
application to the Royal Geographical Society. 

The acute accent ' indicates the stress. In native names, where the stress is not 
indicated, it is presumed to fall on the penultimate syllable. In most Oceanic 
languages every vowel is pronounced separately ; and ng is as in " singer," not as 
in " finger." 



Actaeon Group : Tuamotu ; Br. ^but not Fr.) name for Mature! Vavao, 

Tenarunga, Vahanga and Tenararo ; (not Amphitrite). 
Agiguan : pr. Agiguan : Marianas Is. ; (not Aguijan, Agujan, Agrigan). 
Agrihan : pr. Agrihan : Marianas Is. ; (not Agrigan, Agrijan, Grigan). 
Ahe : Tuamotu; form. Peacock I., Dageraad, and, with Manihi, Prince 

of Wales Is. ; (not Ahii, Oalie, Ohae). 
Ahunili : Tuamotu ; form. Byam Martin I. ; (nut Ahanui. IS"gnaite). 
Ailinginae : pr. Ailing-ina-e : Ralik gr., Marshall Is. ; (not Remski- 

Korsakoff). 
Ailinglapalap : pr. Ailinglapalap : Ralik gr., Marshall Is. ; alt. Odia ; 

form. Elmore I. ; (not Ailinglaplap, Ailinglablab, Ailinglab). 
Ailuk : Radak gr., Marshall Is.; form. Tindal, Watts, Krusenstern 

(Russ. KpyaeHiiiTepH'b) ; (not Ailu). 
Akiaki : Tuamotu ; form. He des Lanciers, Thrum Cap. 
Alamagan : pr. Alamagan : Marianas Is. ; (not Almagan, Alamaguan). 
Alofi : Hoorn Is. ; (not Alofa). 

Amanu : Tuamotu ; form. Noaroa, Las Animas, Moller ; (not Moller). 
Anaa : pr. Ana-a : Tuamotu ; form. Tapuhoe, Chain I., Isla de Todos 

Santos, La Conversion de San Pablo ; (not Anau, Anhar). 
Anatahan : pr. Anatahan : Marianas Is. ; (not Anatajan, Anataxan). 
Angatau : prop. pr. Fang-ata-u: Tuamotu; form. Russ. ApaK'ieein, = 

Arakcheev ; (not Ahangatu, Arakchev, Araktchefi, Arktscheff). 
Angaur : pr. Ang-aur : Palau gr., Caroline Is. ; (not Nyaur). 
Ant : Senyavin gr., Caroline Is. ; alt. Audema. 
Anuanuraro : pr. Anu-anu-raro : Duke of Gloucester gr., Tuamotu; 

form. San Miguel Arcangel ; (not Archangel). 
Anuanurunga : pr. Anu-anu-rung-a : Luke of Gloucester gr., Tuamotu ; 

form. Las Cuatro Coronadas ; (not Coronados, Four Crowns). 
Anuu : B. Tutuila, Samoan Is. ; (not Aunuu, Coco). 
Apataki : Tuamotu; form. Avondstond, Hagemeister; (not Apatiki). 
Aratika : Tuamotu ; form. Schadelijk, Carlshoff, Kotzebue (Russ. 

h'ouetiy) ; (not Aratica). 



FIRST GENERAL LIST OF OCEANIC NAMES. 3 

Arno : Radak gr., Marshall Is.; form. Daniel Ts., Pedder Is.: (not 

Arhno, Ahrno). 
Arutua : Tuamotu; form. Russ. PiopiiK't = Ryurik, conv. Rurick, 

Meerdere zorg. 
Asuncion : pr. Asunsion : Marianas Is. : old Sp. Asumpcion ; (not 

Assumption, Assongsong). 
Atuana : village, Hiva Oa, Marquesas Is. ; (not Atuona). 
Aur : Radak gi\, Marshall Is.; form. Ibbetson, Traversey, ami, with 

• Maloelap, Calvert Is. ; (not Aurh). 
Austral Islands : Polynesia ; Fr. lies Tubuai, from the island Tubuai. 
Babelthuap : Palau gr., Caroline Is. ; (not Babelthuab, Babeltaob, Babel- 

thaob, Baobeltaob, Babeldaob, Babeltop, Babeltuap, Babeldzuap). 
Balad : village, New Caledonia ; Fr. Balade. 
Bega : cape, New Caledonia ; Fr. Cap Begat : (not Mara Point). 
Bikar : Radak gr., Marshall Is. ; form. Dawson I. ; (not Bigar). 
Bikini: R-alik gr., Marshall Is.; form. Eschseholtz (Russ. 3iiiiiio.'IU1>) ; 

(not Bigini, Eschholtz, Escholtz). 
Borabora : Society Is. (Leeward gr.); Tab. Porapora ; form. Faanui, 

Vavao, San Pedro ; (not Bola-bola). 
Bulupari : village, New Caledonia; Fr. Bouloupari. 
Burai : pr. Bura-i: village, New Caledonia; Fr. Bourail. 
Caroline Islands : Micronesia ; form. Sequeira, Nuevas Filipinas ; Sp. 

Islas Carolinas ; Ger. Karolinen. 
Coral Islands : Marquesas Is. ; conv. for Fr. lies de Sable ; form. 

Clark Islands. 
Cure Island : W. gr., Hawaiian Is. : alt. Ocean I. ; (not Kure). 
Diahot : riv., New Caledonia ; (not Diahot de Bonde, Great River). 
Duke of Gloucester Group : Tuamotu ; Br. (but not Fr.) name for 

Anuanuraro, Anuanurunga and Nukutipipi ; (not Gloucester Is.). 
Dumbea : village and bay, New Caledonia ; Fr. Dumbea ; (not Dombea). 
Eauripik : pr. Eaiiripik : Caroline Is. ; alt. Kama ; (not Iuripik, Aurepik, 

Eurupig, Eourypyg). 
Ebon : Ralik gr., Marshall Is. ; form. Boston, Covell I. ; (not Covel). 
Eiao : Marquesas Is.; form. Masse, Knox, Freemantle, New York I., and, 

with Hatutu and Coral Is., Roberts' Is. ; (not Hiau, Hiaou, Eiau). 
Eil Malk : Palau gr., Caroline Is. ; alt. Amototoi ; (not Ailmalk). 
ElatO : Caroline Is. ; form. Haweis I. 

Eniwetok : pr. Eniwetok : Ralik gr., Marshall Is. ; form. Brown I. 
Erikub : pr. Erikub: Radak gr.. Marshall Is., form. Bishop Junctior 

is., Russ. 'Inuai'OB'li = Chichagov, and, with Wotje, Chatham Is.; 

(not Eregup, Egerup, Tschitschagoff). 
Etal : pr. Etal : Nomoi gr., Caroline Is. 
Faaite : pr. Fa-a-ite : Tuamotu; form. Russ. M n.iopa i.onii'i i, = Milo- 

radovich ; (not Faaiti, Milorado witch). 
Fais : Caroline Is. ; form. Tromelin, pr. Tromelin; (not Feys, Keis). 
Fakarava : Tuamotu; form. "Wittgenstein (Russ. BirneuniTeiiii i.) ; (not 

Fakarawa). 



4 FIRST GENERAL LIST OF OCEANIC NAMES. 

Fangahina: pr. Fang-ahina: Tuamotu; Pr. Fakahiaa; form. Russ. 

IIpejnpiflTie = Predpriyatie, Enterprise I. ; (not Fakaina, Akahaina). 

Fangasa : pr. Fang-asil : village and bay, Tutuila, Samoan Is. ; U.S. 

off. Fungasar ; (not Fagasa). 
Fangataufa: Tuamotu ; alt. Ahunui; form. Cockburn I. 
Farallon de Medinilla : pr. Faralyon de Medhinilya : Marianas Is. ; 

(not Farallan, Bird I.). 
Farallon de PajaroS : pr. Faralyon de Paharos : Marianas Is. ; form. 

Guy Rock; (not Urracas, Uracas, Urakas). 
Faraulep : pr. Fara-ulep : Caroline Is. ; form. Gardner I. ; (not Faraulip, 

Foraulep, Farroilep, Fattoilap). 
Fare : village, Huahine, Society Is. ; form. Owhare ; (not Owharre). 
Fatu Hiva : Marquesas Is. ; alt. Fr. He Madeleine from orig. Sp. Santa 

Magdalena ; (not Fatuhiwa, Fatou-Hiva, Madalena). 
Fatu Huku : Marquesas Is. ; form. Hood I. ; (not Fetu-huku, Fatu 

Huka, Fatou-houkou, Feto Hougo, Hoods I.). 
Fayu, East : Caroline Is. ; form. Lutke (Russ. .IiiTKe) ; (not Faiu, 

Fajo, Fahieu, Fagau-Pissila, Inissinifau-Pissila). 
Fayu, West : Caroline Is. ; (not Faiu, Fajo, Fahieu, Fagauerak). 
Fenua Ura : Society Is. ; alt. Henna Ura ; form. Scilly Is. ; (not Ura). 
Fonwari: village, New Caledonia; Fr. Fonwary ; (not Fonwhari). 
Futuna : Hoorn Is. (q.v.) ; Fr. also Foutouna ; (not Fotuna). 
Gaferut : pr. Gaferut : Caroline Is. ; form. Grimes I. 
Gambier Islands : Tuamotu ; form, (but not now) used for Mangareva 

gr. ; Fr. lies Gambier include 23 other islands of S.E. Tuamotu. 
Gardner Island : W. gr., Hawaiian Is. ; U.S. off., Gardiner I. 
Gomen : village, New Caledonia ; (not Teudie, Fr. Teoudie, a hill). 
Guam: pr. Guam: Marianas Is.; alt. Guahan ; (not Gwam, Guajan, 

Guayan). 
Guguan : pr. Guguan : Marianas Is. ; (not Farallon de Torres). 
Hao : Tuamotu ; form. He de la Harpe, Bow I. ; (not Hau, Heau). 
Haraiki : pr. Hara-iki: Tuamotu; form. Isla de San Quentin, Birnie, 

Croker I. ; (not Heraiki). 
HatutU I Marquesas Is. ; form. Chanal, Hancock, Langdon, Nexsen I. ; 

(not Hatoutou, Fetu-uhu, Fatuhuhu, Fattu-uhu, Fetou-houhou). 
Hawaii : pr. Ha-wa-i-i : Hawaiian Is. ; (not Owhyhee, O Wahi). 
Hawaiian Islands ; form. Sandwich Is. ; U.S. off., Territory of Hawaii. 
Heo : Loyalty Is. ; Fr. Eo or (Beautemps-)Beaupre. 
Hereheretue : Tuamotu ; form. San Pablo ; (not Hereheretua, Here- 

heretui, Bligh, Santablo). 
Hikueru : Tuamotu ; form. San Juan, Tuscan, Melville I. ; (not Hikuero). 
Hiti : Raevski gr., Tuamotu ; form. Eliza, Clute I. ; (not Ohiti). 
Hiva Oa: .Marquesas Is.; alt. Fr. La Dominique from orig. Sp. 

Dominica; (not Hiva boa, Hiva roa, Hiwaoa). 
Honolulu : Oahu, Hawaiian Is. ; (not Honoruru, Honoonoono). 
Hoorn Islands: N.E. Fiji: Polynesia; Fr. lies de Horn; often called 
Futuna (q.v.) ; (not Hoorne Is., Home Is., Horn Is.). 



FIRST GENERAL LIST OP OCEANIC NAMES. 5 

Huahine ; Society Is. (Leeward gr.) ; form. La Herruosa ; (not Huaheine). 
Hyengen : village, New Caledonia ; Fr. Hienghene ; (not Hyenghene, 

Ienghene, Yengen). 
Ifalik: pr. Ifalik : Caroline Is. ; form. Wilson I. ; (not Ifaluk, lfeluc). 
Jabwot : Ralik gr., Marshall Is. ; (not Jabwat, Tebot). 
Jaluit: pr. Jaluit: Ralik gr., Marshall Is.; form. Bonham I.; (not 

Telut, Dschalut). 
Jemo : Radak gr.. Marshall Is. ; form. Steep-to I. ; (not Temo). 
Johnston Island : Hawaiian outlier ; (not Comwallis I.). 
Kahulaui : Hawaiian Is. ; U.S. off., Kahoolawe ; (not Kahowrowee, 

Tahoorowa, Tahaurawe, Kadoolawe). 
Kanala : village and bay, New Caledonia; Fr. Canala ; form. 

Napoleonville. 
Kapingamarangi : pr. Kaping-a marang-i: Caroline Is. ; form. Green- 
wich Ts. : (not Kapenmailang). 
Katiu : pr. Ka-tiu : Tuamotu ; form. Russ. OcTeM,-Caiu.'iri> = Osten- 

Saken ; (not Saken I.). 
Kauai : pr. Kau-;i-i : Hawaiian Is. ; (not Kowi, Atooi, Atowai, Towi). 
Kauehi : pr. Kau-ehi : Tuamotu ; form. Vincennes I. : (not Kaueai, 

Kawahe, Kawahi, Kawehe, Cavahi). 
Kaukura: Tuamotu ; Tah. Au-ura ; (not Aura, Anura). 
Kaula : S.W. Niihau, Hawaiian Is. ; (not Tahura, Tahoora). 
Kayangel : Palau gr., Caroline Is. ; (not Kyangle, Kianguel, Kajangle, 

Ngajangel, Xgeiangl). 
Kili : Ralik gr., Marshall Is. ; form. Hunter I. ; (not Namureck). 
Koror : Palau gr., Caroline Is. ; (not Korror, Coror, Corror, Goror). 
Kuaua : pr. Kua-ua : village and bay, New Caledonia ; Fr. Kouaoua. 
Kumak : village, New Caledonia ; Fr. Koumac. 
Kunie : s.E. New Caledonia ; alt. Isle of Pines ; Fr. Kounie, He des 

Pins ; (not The Pines). 
Kuop : Truk gr., Caroline Is. ; form. Royalist Is. ; (not Cuop). 
Kusaie : pi'. Kusai-e : Caroline Is. ; alt. Ualan ; form. Strong I. ; (not 

Kuthiu, Kuseie). 
Kwajalein : pr. Kwajalein : Ralik gr., Marshall Is. : form. Russ. 

Mi'III.iuiiko];!, = Mrnshikov : (not Kwajelin, Kwajalong, Kwadjalin. 

ELuadelen, Quadelen, Kwatelene, Mentschikoff, -ow, Menschikov, -off). 
Lae : pr. La-e ; Ralik gr., Marshall Is. ; form. Brown I. ; (not Lai). 
Lamotrek : pr. Lamotrek: Caroline Is. ; form. Swede Is.; (not Lamu- 

tfik, Lamurree). 
Lanai : l"'. Lana-i: Hawaiian Is.: (not Ranai, Oranai). 
Laysan Island : W. gr., Hawaiian Is. ; (not Moller). 
Lehua : »r. N"iihau, Hawaiian Is.; U.S. oil'.. Lenua ; (noi Oreehoua, 

Reehoua, Egg I.). 
Lele : pr. Lele; barbour (and islet) &usaie, Caroline K ; form. Chabrol 

Barbour ; 'not Lolo llatrn. Liillo Haven). 
Lib: Ralik gr., Marshal] Is.-, (not Lileb). 
Lifu : Loyalty I-. : Wt. Lifou ; form. Chabrol. 



6 FIRST GENERAL LIST OF OCEANIC NAMES. 

Likiep : pr. Likiep : Radak gr., Marshall Is. ; form. Graf Heyden ; (not 

Likieb, Ligieb, Ligiep, Legiep). 
Lisyanski Island : W. gr. Hawaiian Is. ; Russ. JIiiCHHCKift ; U.S. off., 

Lisianski I. ; (not Lisiansky, Pell I., Lassion I.). 
Losap : Caroline Is. ; (not Lossop, Luasap, Louasappe). 
Loyalty Islands : n.e. New Caledonia, Melanesia ; Fr. lies Loyaute 

or lies Loyalty ; form. Britannia Is. 
Lllkunor : pr. Lukunor : Nomoi gr., Caroline Is. ; (not Lugunor). 
Majuro : Radak gr., Marshall Is. ; form. Arrowsmith I. ; (not Mediuro). 
Makatea : pr. Makatea : Tuamotu ; Tah. Ma-atea ; form. Aurora, 

Eyland van Verkwikking, Refreshment I., Sagitaria ; (not Metia, 

Macatea, Recreation I.). 
Makemo : pr. Makemo : Tuamotu ; form. Phillips I., Russ. ro.ieHiim.eB'L- 

KyTy30BT>-CM0.ienCKifi = Golenishchev-Kutiizov-Smolenski ; (not Ma- 

kemu, Makima, Philip, Kutusov). 
Malakal : pr.' Malakal : harbour and islet, Palau gr., Caroline Is. ; (not 

Malacal, Malacan, Malackan, Amalaquel). 
Maloelap : pr. Malo-e-lap : Radak gr., Marshall Is. ; alt. Kaven ; form. 

Russ. ApaK l ieeBt = Arakcheev, and, with Aur, Calvert Is.; (not 

Maloelab, Kawen, Araktcheeff). 
Mang"areva : pr. Mang-a-reva : gr. S.E. Tuamotu ; form. Gambier Is. 

(q.v.) ; prop, the principal island, form. Peard I. ; (not Mangarewa). 
Manihi : pr. "Manihi : Tuamotu ; form. Waterlandt, Wilson's I., and, 

with Ahe, Prince of Wales Is. ; (not Oahe, Manuhi, Manhii). 
Manila : pr. Maniia : gr., Sarnoan Is. 

Manuhangi : pr. Manuhang-i : Tuamotu ; form. Cumberland I. 
Mare : Loyalty Is. ; alt. Nengone ; Fr. Mare ; form. Britannia ; (not Mari). 
Maria : pr. Maria : Tuamotu ; form. Moerenhout, Wright Lagoon. 
Maria Islands : Austral Is. ; Fr. lies Maria ; form Hull Is., Sands I. 
Marianas Islands : Micronesia ; alt. Ladrones Is. ; form. Islas de las 

Velas Latinas, and reputed Jardines, Prazeres, San Lazarus ; Ger. 

Marianen, Ladronen ; (not Marianne, Mariana, Ladrone). 
Marokail : pr. Maroka-u : Tuamotu ; with Ravahere form. Two Groups ; 

(not Marukau, Manaka). 
Marotiri : Austral Is. ; Fr. Morotiri or Hots de Bass ; (not Maretiri). 
Marquesas Islands: pr. Markesas : Polynesia; conv. (from orig. Sp. 

Las Islas Marquesas de Mendoza) for Fr. lies Marquises ; Tah. 

Papatea ; (no native collective name) ; (not Mendana). 
Marshall Islands : Micronesia; (not Marschall Is.). 
Marutea : Lat. 17°, Tuamotu; form. Furneaux Is.; (not Marotea). 
Marutea : Lat. 21 ~ 30', Tuamotu ; form. Lord Hood I. ; (not Maratea). 
Matahiva : Tuamotu ; form. La Fugitiva ; Russ. .Ia3apeB i> = Lazarev ; 

(not Matahiwa, Mataiwa, Malivi, Lazareff). 
Maturei Vavao : pr. Mature-i Yavao : Actaeon gr., Tuamotu ; form. 

Estancelin, Melbourne I. ; (not Matarewawao). 
Maug : Marianas Is. ; form. Sp. Urracas ; (not Mangs, Uraccas). 
Maui: pr. Maui; Hawaiian Is. ; (not Mowee. Muwe). 



FIRST GENERAL LIST OF OCEANIC NAMES. 7 

Maupiti : Society Is. (Leeward gr.) : form. Maurua, San Antonio ; (not 

Mama). 
Mehetia : pr. Mehetia: Society Is. (Windward gr.) ; Fr. Mehetia ; 

form. Tuhua, Mehetu, Osnaburgh, Le Boudoir, Pic de la Boudeuse, 

Cerro de San Cristobal ; (not Maitea). 
Mejit : Radak gr., Marshall Is. ; form. Russ. OcrpoBT, HoBaro To^a = 

Ostrov Novago (pr. Novavo) Goda, New Year I. ; (not Miadi, 

Med jit). 
Merir : pr. Merir : s.w. Palau gr., Caroline Is. ; form. Warren 

Hastings I. ; (not Mariere, Pulo Mariera). 
Midway Islands : W. gr., Hawaiian Is. ; (not Brooks Is.). 
Mili : Radak gr., Marshall Is. ; form. Mulgrave : (not Mille, Mile, Meli, 

Mulgrove). 
Moindu : pr. Mo-indu : village and riv., New Caledonia ; Fr. Moindou ; 

(not Muendu). 
Mokil : Caroline Is. ; form. Duperrey, Wellington Is. ; (not Mugul). 
Molokai : pr. Moloka-i : Hawaiian Is. ; (not Morotoi, Morokoi). 
Moorea : Mo-orea : Society Is. (Windward gr.) : form. Eimeo (pr. 

Aimeo), Duke of York's I., Santo Domingo : (not Murea, Morea). 
Mopihaa : pr. Mopiha-a: Society Is.; form. Lord Howe's I.; (not 

Mopiha, Mopeha, Mapihaa, Mopelia, Mopetia, Maura, Mobidie). 
Morane : Tuamotu ; form. Cadmus I. ; (not Morone). 
Motane : Marquesas Is. ; prop. Moho Tane ; Fr. Motane : form. San 

Pedro, O Niteio. 
Motu Iti : Marquesas Is. ; form. Hergest, Franklin, Les Deux Freres. 
Motu One : Society Is. ; form. Bellingshausen I. (Russ. Be.iiunc- 

ray;;ein.) : (not Bellinghausen). 
Motu Tunga : Tuamotu ; Tab. Motu Tu-a ; form. Adventure I. 
Mueo : pr. Mueo : village, New Caledonia ; (not Moueo). 
Muli : Loyalty Is. ; Fr. Mouli ; form. Badeneu ; (not Moali). 
Murilo : pr. Murilo : Caroline Is. ; form, with Nomwin, Hall Is. ; (not 

Morileu, Murileu, Mourileu). 
Mururoa : Tuamotu ; form Osnaburg, Matilda I. : (not Maruroa, 

Mururea, Braburgh). 
Naketi : village and bay, New Caledonia ; Fr. Nakety ; (not Nekete). 
Namoluk : pr. Namoluk : Caroline Is. ; form. Skiddy I. : (not Namuluc). 
Namonuito : Caroline Is. : alt. Onon ; form. Bunkey, Livingstone. 

Anonima ; (not Olol). 
Namorik : pr. Namorik : Ralik gr., Marshall Is.; form. Baring I. ■ 

(not Namuric). 
Namu : Ralik gr., Marshall Is. ; form. Musquillo; (not Nanio, Nemo). 
Napuka : Tuamotu : form. Tepukaruga, Tepukaamaruia, and, with 

Tepoto, [sle of Disappointment ; (not Weituhi, Wytoohee). 
Narik : Radak gr., Marshall Is. ; form. Klnox Is.. I. del Sur. 
Ndundure : Loyalty L. : Pr Ndoundure; form. Molard ; (not N'du- 

adure, Cfdundine). 
Nekando : nit., New Caledonia ; alt. Mi. Humboldt ; (not Humbolt . 



8 FIRST GENERAL LIST OF OCEANIC NAMES. 

NengonengO : pr. Neng-oneng-o : Tuamotu ; form. Prince William 

Henry I., San Miguel, Santa Polonia ; (not Negonego). 
New Caledonia : Melanesia ; Fr. Nouvelle Caledonie ; (no native 

name). 
Ngatik : Caroline Is. ; form. Los Valientes, Raven's \. ; (not Ngaric). 
Ngulu : pr. Ngulu : Caroline Is. ; alt. Lamoliaur ulu ; form. Matelotas ; 

(not Ngoli, Lamoliork). 
Niau : pr. Nia-u : Tuamotu ; form. Greig I. ; (not Faau). 
Nihiru : pr. Nihiru: Tuamotu; Russ. Humpy; (not Niheri, Nigeri). 
Nihoa : W. gr., Hawaiian Is. ; form. Moku manu, Bird I. : (not Modu 

maim). 
Niihau : pr. Ni-iha-u : Hawaiian Is. : (not Nihau, Neeheehow, Oneeheow). 
Nomoi Islands : gr., Caroline Is. ; form. Mortlock Is. 
Nomwin : Caroline Is. ; alt. Namolipiafan ; form., with Murilo, Hall 

Is. ; (not Namolipiafane, Fananou). 
Nukuatea : Wallis Is. ; Fr. Nuku Atea or Noukouatea ; form. Ste 

Marie ; (not Nuku aeta). 
Nukuhiva : Marquesas Is. ; Tah. Nuuhiva : form. Baux, Sir Henry 

Martin's, Adams, Madison I. ; (not Nukahiva, Mart-hand I.). 
Nukuoro : Caroline Is. ; form. Monteverde, Dunkin Is. ; (not Xukuor, 

Nuguor). 
Nukutavake : pr. Nukutavake: Tuamotu; form. Queen Charlotte I.; 

(not Nukutavaki, Nukutawake). 
Nukutipipi : Duke of Gloucester gr., Tuamotu ; form. Margaret I. ; 

(not Nukutapipi). 
Numea : town, New Caledonia ; Fr. Noumea ; form. Port de France. 
Oahu : pr. Oahu : Hawaiian Is. ; (not Wahu, Wahoo, Woahoo, Oahoo). 
Ofu : Manua gr., Samoan Is. ; U.S. off., Ofoo ; (not Fanfueh, Fanfoue). 
Olimarao : Caroline Is. ; (not Olimarau, Olimario). 
Olosenga : Manua gr., Samoan Is. ; U.S. off, Oloosinga ; (not Olosega, 

Olosinga, Olusega, Orosenga, Orisega, Leoneh, Lione, Leone). 
Oroluk : pr. Oroluk : Caroline Is. ; form. Bordelaise, San Agustin ; (not 

Oraluk, Oroloug, Orolong, San Augustin, San Agostino). 
Pagan : pr. Pagan : Marianas Is. ; (not Pagon). 
Paita : pr. Pa-ita : village, New Caledonia. 
Pakin : Senyavin gr., Caroline Is. ; alt. Pagenema ; (not Pakeen, Pague- 

nenia, Peguenema). 
Palau : gr.. Caroline Is. ; (not Palao, Palaos, Pelew). 
Palliser Isles : Tuamotu ; form, (but not now) used for gr. including 

Apataki, Arutua, Kaukura and Toau. 
PangO PangO : village, Tutuila, Samoan Is. ; U.S. off., Pago Pago. 
Papeete : pr. Papeete : town, Tahiti, Society Is. ; form. Vaiete ; (not 

Papiete, Papeiti, Papiti). 
Paraoa : Tuamotu ; form. Gloucester I. ; (not Piraoa, Hariri). 
Peleliu : pr. Peleliu : Palau gr., Caroline Is. ; (not Pililu, Pililiu, Pililju, 

Pelelew). 
Pikela : pr. Pikela: Caroline Is. ; form. Lydia ; (not Pigalo, Biguela). 



FIRST GENERAL LIST OP OCEANIC NAMES. 9 

Pikelot: pr. Pikelot: Caroline Is. : form. Co.pulle ; (not Pigelot, Pij). 
Pinaki : Tuamotu ; form. Whitsunday 1. ; (not Nganati). 
Pingelap : pr. Ping-clap : Caroline Is. ; form. MacAskill Is. 
Ponape : pr. Ponape : Senyavin gr., Caroline Is. ; form. La Ascension : 

(not Ponapi, Ponapei, Bonebey). 
Poneriuen : village and riv., Xew Caledonia ; Fr. Ponerihouen : (not 

Punereuin). 
Puebo : village, New Caledonia; Fr. Pouebo. 
Pukapuka : Tuamotu; form. Mahina te Tahora, Puaga, Henuake, 

Honden Eiland, Dog I. 
Pukaruha : Tuamotu; form. Serle 1.; (not Apucarua). 
Pulap : Caroline is. ; alt. Tamatam, pr. Tamatam ; form. Los .Martins ; 

(not MartyreSj Matires). 
Pulo Anna : s.w. Palau gr., Caroline Is. ; form. Current I.: (not Pul, Bur). 
Pulusuk : pr. Pulusuk : Caroline Is. ; (not Hok, Suk, Pulosuk, Poulou- 

souk, Pnlu Suge, Sooughe, Ibargoitia). 
Puluwat: pr. Puluwat : Caroline Is. ; form. Enderby Is. ; (not Puluot, 

Poloot, Polut, Poloat). 
Radak : gr.. Marshall Is. ; (not Ratak, Ratack, Radac). 
Raevskt Group: r r - Ra-yefski : Tuamotu; Russ. PaeBCKiB ; orig. 
only Tepoto, now also Hiti and Tuanaka ; form. Sea Gull Group; 
(not Raevscoi, Raeti'sky, Raieffsky, Raeffskoy). 
Raiatea : pr. Ra-iatea : Society Is. (Leeward gr.) : form. L T lietea, Havai, 

La Princesa ; (not Princessa). 
Raivavae : pr. Ra-ivava-e : Austral Is. ; Fr. Rai'vavae ; form. High I., 
Santa Rosa; (not Ravaivai, Rawaiwai. Vavitao, Vavitoo, Vavitu, 
Vivitau, Wawitao). 
Ralik : gr., Marshall Is. ; (not Ralick, Ralic, Ralik). 
Rangiroa : pr. Rang-iroa : Tuamotu ; Tah. Rahiroa ; form. Nairsa, 

Vliegen, Dean's I., Goede Verwachting. 
Rapa : Austral Is. ; alt. Rapa Iti ; (not Oparo, Oparu). 
Rapa Nui : Polynesian outlier, Chile; alt. Easter I.; orig. Dutch 
Paasch Eylandt ; Sp. Isla de Pascua; (not Waihu, Vaihu, Te Pito 
te Henna, Teapy). 
Raraka : pr. R raka : Tuamotu. 

Raroia : pr. Raro-ia: Tuamotu; form. Barclay de Tolly : (not Rairoa). 
Ravahere: Tuamotu: with Marokau, form. Two Groups; (not Daw- 

haida, Dawahaidi). 
Reao : Tuamotu: alt. Natupe; form. Minerva, Clermont-Tonnerre. 
Reitoru : Tuamotu ; form. Bird I. ; (not Hikuera, Heueru). 
Rekareka : Tuamotu ; form. Good Hope I. 
Rimatara: Austral Is.: (not Rimitara, Rimitera). 
Rongelap : pr. R6ng-e-lap: Ralik gr., Marshall Is.; form. Russ. 
PtiMCsifi KopcaKOBX = Rimski Kors4kov; (not Rongelab, Rimsky 
Korsacotl). 
Rongerik : pr. Rdng-S-rik: Ralik gr., Marshall Is.: form. Pescadores; 
(not Rongirik). 



10 FIRST GENERAL LIST OP OCEANIC NAMES. 

Rose Island : Samoan Is. ; form, 't Vuyle Eyland, Russ. EopuroKOBt = 

Koi'dyukov ; (not Kordiukoff, Kordinkoff). 
Rota : Marianas Is. ; alt. Luta ; form. Zarpana ; (not Sarpana, Sarpan). 
Rotoava : village, Fakarava, Tuamotu ; (not Rotoana, Rokoava). 
Rurutu : Austral Is. ; form. Hiti-roa, Oheteroa ; (not Rurutua, 

Ohetehoa). 
Saipan : pr. Saipan : Marianas Is. ; (not Saypan, Seypan). 
Sarig'uan : pr. Sariguan : Marianas Is. ; (not Sarigan). 
Satawal : pr. Sata-wal : Caroline Is. ; form. Tucker I. ; (not Satuwal, 

Satahoal, Setuahal). 
Satawan : pr. Sata-wan : Nomoi gr., Caroline Is. ; (not Satauan, Sotoan). 
Senyavin Islands : pr. Syenyavin : gr., Caroline Is. ; Russ. CeiniBinrr. ; 

(not Seniavine, Seniavina, Senjawin). 
Society Islands : Polynesia ; orig. only Leeward group (Fr. lies Sous- 

le-Vent), now also including Windward group (Tahiti, etc.) ; Fr. 

lies de la Societe or Archipel de Tahiti ; Ger. Gesellschafts Jnseln ; 

Russ. OcTpoaa 06ni,ecTBa = Ostrova Obshchestva. 
Sonsorol : pr. Sonsorol : s.w. Palau gr., Caroline Is. ; form. St. Andre : 

(not Sansoral, Sonzerol, Sonsol, Sonrol, Souserol). 
Sorol : Caroline Is. ; form. Philip Is. 
Taenga : pr. Ta-eng-a : Tuamotu ; form. Holt I., Russ. EpMO.iOBi. = 

Yermolov ; (not Yermaloff, Jermolow). 
Tahaa : pr. Taha-a : Society Is. (Leeward gr.) ; form. Upolu ; (not 

Tahao, Otaha). 
Tahanea: pr. Tahanea : Tuamotu; form. Russ. l IiiMarOBT. = Chichagov ; 

(not Tchitchagov, Tschitschagoff, Tschitschikoff). 
Tahiti : pr. Tahiti : Society Is. (Windward gr.) ; form. King George Ill's 

I., La Nouvelle Cy there, Isla de Amat ; (not Otaheite, Taiti). 
Tahuata : Marquesas Is. ; Tah. Vaitahu (prop, a village and bay on 

W. coast) ; form. Santa Cristina, Resolution I. ; (not Tau-ata, Taou- 

ata, Sta Christina). 
Taiarapu : pen., Tahiti, Society Is. ; alt. Tahiti Iti ; (not Tairapu, 

Taiarabu, Tairabu, Tiarrapu, Tiarrabu). 
Taiaro ; pr. Ta-iaro : Tuamotu ; form. King's I. ; (not Taiara). 
Taiohae : pr. Ta-i o ha-e : village, Nuku Hiva, Marquesas Is. ; alt. 

Hakapehi ; form. Port Anna Maria ; (not Taiohai, Taiosae, Taye-hae). 
Taka : Radak gr., Marshall Is. ; form. Russ. CyBOpoBi. = Suvorov, and, 

with Utirik, KyTy30Bi. CMOJiencKin = Kutiizov Smolenski, Button 

Is. ; (not Tagai, Suvarov, Souworon"). 
TakapotO : Tuamotu; form. Taka, Ura, Russ. Cinipii^OBB = Spiridov, 

and, with Takaroa, King George's Is., Twee Gebroeders ; (not 

Oura). 
Takaroa : Tuamotu ; form. Tiukea, Lagoon I., and, with Takapoto, 

King George's Is., Twee Gebroeders ; (not Tiokea). 
Takume : Tuamotu; foi-m. Russ. BoJlKOHCKifi — Volkonski; (not 

Takoume, Takurea, Wolkonsky). 
Taongi : Radak gr., Marshall Is. ; form. Smyth, Caspar Rico. 



FIRST GENERAL LIST OF OCEANIC NAMES. 11 

Tapuaemanu : pr. Tapu-a-e manu : Society Is. (Windward gr.) ; form. 

Maiao iti, Sir Charles Saunders' L, La Pelada, Isla de los 

Pajaros; (not Tubuai Manu, Tapamanu, Tapamanoa, Mauiti, Maio, 

Mala-iti). 
Tapu Tapu : cape, Tutuila, Samoan Is. ; form. West Cape. 
Taravao : isthmus, Tahiti, Society Is. ; (not Tarawao, Taravau). 
Tatakoto : Tuamotu; form. Tatakotoroa, Egmont, Gierke I., isla de 

San Xarciso; (not Pukapuka, Narcissus). 
Tau : pr. Ta-u : Manua gr., Samoan Is. ; (not Manua-tele, Opoun). 
Tauere : pr. Tauere: Tuamotu ; form. San Simon y San Judas, 

Resolution I. ; (not Taueri, Taueree, St. Simon I., St. Simeon I.). 
Tekokoto : Tuamotu ; form. Doubtful I. ; (not Tekukota, Tekotota, 

Tekareka). 
Tematangi : Tuamotu ; form. Lagoon I. ; (not Bligh I., Bligh Lagoon). 
Temoe : Tuamotu; Fr. Tirnoe ; form. Crescent Island. 
Tenararo : Act-aeon gr., Tuamotu ; (not Bedford I.). 
Tenarunga : Actaeon gr., Tuamotu ; form. Minto I. ; (not Melbourne I.). 
Tepoto : Lat. II 3 , Tuamotu ; form., with Napuka, Isle of Disappoint- 
ment ; (not Tetopoto, Otooho, Wytoohe). 
Tepoto : Raevski gr., Tuamotu ; form. Bacon I. ; (not Otiti). 
Tetiaroa : pr. Tetiaroa: Society Is. (Windward group); form. Teturoa, 

Los Tres Hermanos ; (not Tethuroa, Tetuaroa, Umaitia). 
Tika : Loyalty Is. : Fr. Tiga ; form. Boucher. 
Tikahau : pr. Tikaha-u : Tuamotu ; alt. Tikehau ; form. Krusenstern 

(Buss. Iipy:;eiiiirrei>iri>). 
Tikei : pr. Tike-i : Tuamotu ; form. Bedrieglijk Eiland, Russ. PyjiaimoBi. 

= Rumyantsov ; (not Romanzov, Romanzoff). 
Tinian : pr. Tinian : Marianas Is. ; old Port. Bona Vista ; Sp. Buenavista. 
Toau : pr. Toa-u : Tuamotu ; form. Elizabeth I. 
Tobi : S.W. Palau gr., Caroline Is. ; alt. Kodogubi, pr. Kodugubi ; form. 

Lord North, Nevil I. ; (not Kodokopuei, Codocopuey). 
Truk : gr., Caroline Is.; alt. Sogolu, pr. Hogolu ; (not Ruk, Rue, 

Hogoleu, Nomituk, Liinomituk). 
Tuamotu : Polynesia ; alt. Low Archipelago ; Fr. lies Lointaines ; Ger. 

Niedrige Jnseln : Buss. OcTpOBa 11 ii:;MeiuiMc = Ostrova Nizmennie : 

form. Paumotu, Archipel Dangereux, Tierras de Quiros, Buss. 

OcTpoBa I'occiiiiib = Ostrova Rossiyan. 
Tuanaka : Raevski gr., Tuamotu; Fr. Tuanake ; form. Reid Atoll; 

(not Tuinaki, Tuanaki, Touanague). 
Tubai : pi". Tuba-i: Society Is. (Leeward gr.) ; alt. Motu Iti; (not 

Tupai, Tubwai). 
Tubuai: pi". Tubua-i: Austral Is. (q.V.) ', form. Manua. 
Tuo : village, New Caledonia ; IV. Touho. 
Tureia : pr. Tureia : Tuamotu ; alt. Papakaua, Papakena; form. 

Carysfort 1., Las Anegadas, Las Virgenes. 
Tutuila : pr. Tutu ila : Samoan Is.; (not Tootooellah, Tutyella). 
Tyo : village ami riv., New Galedonia ; Fr. Thio ; (not Tio, Tchio). 



12 FIRST GENERAL LIST OP OCEANIC NAMES. 

Ua Hllka: Marquesas Is.; form. Washington, Massachusett I.; (not 

Hua-Ka, Uauka, Hualiuka, Ouahouka, Huahuna, Roahuga). 
Ua Pou : pr. Po-u : Marquesas Is. ; Fr. Ua-pu ; form. Adams, 

Mart-hand, Trevenen, Jefferson I. ; (not Ua Pu, Uapoa, Oua-pou, 

Huapu, Hua-Po, Roapoa, Roapoua, Roua Poua, Adam I.). 
Ubach : pr. nearly Ubat' : village, New Caledonia ; Fr. Oubatche ; (not 

Ubati). 
Uea : pr. Uea : Loyalty Is. ; Fr. Ouvea ; form. Halgan ; (nut Uvea). 
Uea : pr. Uea: Wallis Is. ; Fr. Uvea or Ouvea. 
Ujae : pr. Ujii-e : Ralik gr., Marshall Is. ; form. Katharine I. ; (not 

CJdjae, Uyae). 
Ujelang : pr. Ujelang: Ralik gr., Marshall Is.; form. Providence I., 

Arrecifes ; (not Ujilong, Udjelong, Arecifos). 
Ulithi : Caroline Is. ; form. Mackenzie I. ; (not Uluti, Uluthi, Uliti, 

Ululssi, Ulevy, Ugeu, Egoy). 
Urukthapel I Palau gr., Caroline Is. ; (not Urukdsapel, Uruksapel, 

Uruktapel, Urukdapel, Urucdzapel, Urukthopel, Uruktapi). 
Utirik : pr. Utirik : Radak gr., Marshall Is. ; form., with Taka, Russ. 

KyTy30B'h OiroaeHCKiS = Kutuzov Smolenski, Button Is. ; (not 

Udirick, Ucliric, Kutusoff Smolensky). 
Uturoa : village, Raiatea, Society Is. (Leeward gr.) ; alt. Teavarua, 

prop, the passes in the reef. 
Vahanga : Actaeon gr., Tuamotu; alt. Vania; form. Bedford I.; (not 

Vehanga, Minto I.). 
Vahitahi : Tuamotu ; form. Cook Lagoon, Les Quatre Facardins ; (not Tie). 
Vairaatea : pr. Vaira-atea : Tuamotu ; including Pukarunga and 

Pukararo ; form. Egmont I., Industriel ; (not Vairaotea). 
Vanavana : Tuamotu ; alt. Kurateke ; form. Barrow I. ; (not Teku, 

Wanawana). 
Wailu : pr. Wa-ilu: village, New Caledonia; Fr. Houailou ; (hot CJailu, 

Waillo). 
Wako : village, New Caledonia ; Fr. Ouaco. 
WalliS Islands : W. Polynesia ; including Uea and islets on barrier 

reef but not Hoorn Is. ; Fr. lies Wallis ; often called Uea (</.«.). 
W^egoa : village, New Caledonia ; Fr. Ouegoa. 
Wen : S. New Caledonia ; Fr. Ouen ; (not I^en, Waima). 
Woleai : pr. Wolea-i: Caroline Is.; alt. Anangai ; (not Oleai, Uleai, 

Ulie, Uleay, Ullea, Wolea). 
\A/otho : pr. Wot-ho: Ralik gr., Marshall Is.; form. Schanz (Russ. 

lllainri,) ; (not Wottho, Wotto, Shanz). 
Wotje : Radak gr., Marshall Is.; form. Russ. PyMflHUOB'L = Rum- 

yantsov, and, with Erikub, Chatham Is.; (not Otdia, Odia, 
tiomanzov, -off, -ow). 
Yap : Caroline Is. ; (not Eap, U;ij>, Wan, [Jyap, Ouap, Jaj>, Guap). 



LOMDOS : I'BINTKD HV W.M. CLOWES AND tON8, LTD., I)fKK t-TltEET, STAMFORD STREET, S.E. 1. 



I 

PERMANENT COMMITTEE ON GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES 
FOR BRITISH OFFICIAL USE. 



SECOND AND THIRD GENERAL LISTS 
OF OCEANIC NAMES 

(AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND DEPENDENCIES). 



Published for the Permanent Committee on Geographical Names by tin 
Royal Geographical Society, Kensington Gore, London, S.W.7. 

May, 1924. 

Price Sixpence. 



The following Lists of Oceanic Names, having been submitted to the 
Commonwealth and Dominion Governments respectively and revised by 
them, are now published by the Permanent Committee on Geographical 
Names for British Official L T se. 

The Second List refers to the Mandated Territory of New Guinea, 
and the Third List to the Mandated Territory of Western Samoa and to 
the Cook Islands (with a few islands to the north and west of the latter). 

The names are of islands or groups, unless it is stated otherwise. 

The thanks of the Committee are due to Sidney II. Kay, Esq., and 
Dr. Georg Friederici for revising the Second List, and to 15. Glanvill 
Coruey, Esq., i.s.o., for revising the Third List. 

Edw \i;i) ( i-leicheNj Maj. < ten., 

Chairman, P.C.G.N, 
Royal Geographical Soi iety, 
£( nsi/ngto 

London, S. II'. 7. 

ABBREVIATIONS, Etc 



all. ... . alternative. 

form. . formerly. 

IV. .... . French." 

... . . German. 

gr. . . . group. 

I., la Island(s). 



mt. D10UB 

orig original(ly). 

pen pen in ula, 

pr. pronounced. 

riv 

lluss Russian. 



The pronunciations are in ir.-ordunco with the R.G.S. II. System, for which sec 
. Jour., Jan. L921, Vol. lvii, pp. 10 1:3; or an explanatory leaflet can be had on 
applical ion bo t be Assi stanl , P.C.G.N., Ro 

'I'll' ent ' indical I i not 

indicated, ii is presumed t.'> fall <>n the penultimate syllable. In must Oceanic 
langua . vowel is prono Ly; ami Dg is a 

in " linger.'' 

In the pronunciation ol iai inverted comma ' ind 

greater break than the hyphen -. It repn osonant and approximates 

to Arabic 'am. 



SECOND GENERAL LIST OF OCEANIC 

NAMES (AUSTRALIAN DEPENDENCIES). 

Admiralty Islands : gr., n.e. New Guinea ; (not 'Manus Is., Twenty 

Three Is., Admiralitats-Inseln). 
Aitape : pr. Aitape: village, N.E. New Guinea; (not Eitape, Berlin 

Heede, Berlin Harbour, Bodinhafen). 
Alim : Admiralty Is. ; form. Elizabeth I. ; (not Sauwai, Elisabeth I.). 
Ambitle : pr. Ambitle : Feni Is., e. New Ireland ; alt. Woneram ; form. 

S. Jan, St. John's, Bourn and ; (not Wonneram, Wuneram). 
Arawe Islands: gr., s. New Britain; form. lies Gracieuses; (not 

Gracious, Liebliche, Lieblich Is.). 
Aris : N.E. New Guinea ; alt. Botsa, pr. Botsa. 
Ataliklikun: pr. Ataliklikun: bay, New Britain; (not Antaliklikun, 

Weber Harbour, Kambeira (q.v.) ). 
Alia : w. Admiralty Is. ; form. Hurour I. 
Aweleng Islands : pr. Aweleng: gr., s. New Britain; form. Boss Is. ; 

(not Awelengo, Boos Is.). 
Babase : pr. Babase : Feni Is., e. New Ireland ; (not Babasse). 
Bagabag : pr. Bagabag: N.E. New Guinea; form. Sir Robert Rich 1. ; 

(not Wagwag, Rich I.). 
Bagana : mt., Bougainville I. ; (not Bagano). 
Bakhatere : pr. Bakhatere : harbour and locality, New Ireland ; (not 

Bachatere, Bagaterre, Holz Haven). 
Balbi : mt., Bougainville I. ; alt. Toiupu. 
Balgai : bay, New Ireland ; (not Bagail). 

Bali : cape, New Britain ; alt. South Cape ; (notBalli, SudKap, CapeSouth). 
Baluan : pr. Baluan : Admiralty Is. ; form. St. Patrick I. ; (not Balual). 
Bam : pr. Bam : Schouten Is., N.E. New Guinea ; form. Lesson I. 
Bangatang : pr. Bang-atang: Byron Strait, w. New Ireland; (not 

Bangatan, Neuwerk). 
Baongung : pr. Biiong-ung: harbour, New Hanover; (not Banung, 

Water Bay, Wasser Harbour, Boots JTafen). 
Barahun : pr. Barahun: Green Is., e. New Ireland; (not Borahun). 
Bati Suilaua : mt., New Hanover ; (not Suilana, Suilik, Stosch -Berg, 

Mount Stosch). 
Binnigem : pr. Binnigein : w. New Ireland ; (not Baudissin). 
Blupblup : pr. Blupblup : Schouten Is., N.E. New Guinea; form. 

Garnot 1. ; (not Ruprup). 
Bogadyim : village, N.E. New Guinea; (not Bogadjim, Stephansort). 
Bogia : pr. Bogia : village, N.E. New Guinea ; (not- PrinzAlbrecht-Hafen). 
Botiangin : cape, New Hanover ; (not Cape Batsch). 
Bougainville Island: pr. Buganvil; (no native name). 
Breton Harbour: v Lambom, New Ireland; alt. Gower Harbour; 

(not Port Praslin). 
Broken \A/ater Bay: bay, N.E. New Guinea; (not Brecher Hay). 
Buka : x. Bougainville I. ; form. Winchelsea's I., Lord Anson's 1. ; (not 

Bouka). 
Buka Passage: strait, x. Bougainville I.; (not King Albert Strait, 

Konig Albert Stras.se). 



SECOND GENERAL LIST OF OCEANIC NAMES. 3 

Crown Island: N.E. New Guinea ; (no native •..■une). 

Duke of York Island(s): island (and gr.), n.ic. New Britain; (no 

native name); (not Neu-Lauenburg). 
Dyaul : w. New Ireland ; form. Sandwich I. ; (nub Diaul, Djaul). 
East Cape: New [reland : native Bilolo ; form. Calx, de Santa Maria ; 

(not Cape Ste Marie, Ost-Kap). 

Emirau . : x.w. New Ireland: form. Squally i, Hunter [., Kerue ; (not 
Emir, Sturm I.). 

Feni Islands: gr., e. New Ireland; alt. Anir, pr. Anir; (not Aneri, 
Wonneram). 

Friendship. Cape: Bougainville I. ; native Kiauai ; (not Freundschaft 

Spitz). 

Garove : Vitu Is., n. New Britain; form. He des Lacs; (not Garowe, 

Witu, Deslacs). 
Gasmata : village and district, New Britain ; (not Gasmatta). 
Green Islands : gr., e; New Ireland ; orig. Dutch Groene Eilanden ; 

form. Sir Charles Hardy Is., Los Caymanes ; (not Grime Is.). 
Henpan : cape, Buka, n. Bougainville I. ; (not Hanpan, Cape North, 

Nordkap). 

Hermit Islands: gr., w. Admiralty Is. ; form. Los Eremitanos; (not 

Ermitanos, Eremiten, Emeritanos). 
Kadovar : pr. Kadovar : Schouten Is., N.E. Nevt Guinea; form. 

Blosseville ; (not Kadowar). 
Kairiru : pr. Kairiru : N.E. New Guinea ; form. D'Urville I. ; (not 

Kairu. Chagur). 

Kambeira : E. arm of Ataliklikun Bay (q.v.), ^vw Britain; (not 

Kabaira, Port Weber, Weber Harbour). 
Kambotorosh : pr. Kambotorosh : harbour, ic. Lambom, New Ereland : 

form. Port Praslin ; (not Kamborotosch, Cower Harbour). 
Kaniet : pr. Kaniet : gr., N.w. Admiralty Is.; form. Anchorite Is.: 

(not Kunies, Anachoreten). 
Karkar : N.E. New Guinea ; form. Dampier I. ; (not Kar-kar, Kxakar). 
Kavieng : pr. Kavmng; village and harbour, New Ireland: (not 

Kawieng, Kaewieng). 
Kelaua : village and harbour, Manus, Admiralty Is.: alt. Lanes. 
Kieta : village, Bougainville I. ; (not Kiata). 
Kilinailau : pr. Kilinailau : \. Bougainville I. : form. Nine Is., Carteret 

Is. ; (not ( 'artaret Is.). 
Koil : Schouten Is., N.E. NewGuinea; form. Deblois I. ; (not KLeul, Kweil). 
Kokopo : pr. ELokopo: town and district, New Britain; (noi Eerberts- 

hohe). 
Kwoi : cape and peak, New Britain : (not Kwoy, Quoj |. 
Lambom: pr. Lambom: s. New Ireland; form, lie aux Marteaux, 

W allis I. ; (not Lumhoiii). 

L'Averdy, Cape: Bougainville I.: (not L'Averdie, Laverdie). 
Lawolai : pr. LaVolai: harbour and locality, New Ireland; (not Dorf 

I tarbour, Bene I taven). 
Lihir : n.i-:. New Ireland: alt. Lii ; form. Gerrit de tfijs or Gardenijs, 

tie du Bouchage ; (not Gerrit Donys, Gardeney). 
Liot : w. Admiralty I .; alt. Uf e j form. La Boudeuse. 



4 SECOND GENERAL LIST OF OCEANIC NAMES. 

Lolobau : pr. Lolobau: x. New Britain ) alt. Namisoko; form. 

Duportail I. ; (not Duputail I.). 
Long Island : N.E. New Guinea ; (no native name). 
Lorungau : village, Manns, Admiralty Is. ; (not Lorangau, Lorengau, 

Leronguan). 
Los Reyes : gr. consisting of Mbatmanda and Putuli, Admiralty Is. 
Lou : pr. L6-u : Admiralty Is. ; form. St. George I. ; (not Lo, Low). 
Luf : Hermit Is., w. Admiralty Is. ; (not Loof). 
Madang : town, N.E. New Guinea; (not Friedrich-Wilhelmshafen, 

Friedrich Wilhelms Harbour). 
Mahur: pr. Mahur: N.E. New Ireland; form. San Francisco; (not Maur). 
Makada : pr. Makada : Duke of York Is., x.e. New Britain ; (not 

Makadau, Mocoda). 
Malum : Nuguria Is., E. New Ireland ; (not Malume). 
Manam : pr. Manam : N.E. New Guinea ; (not Manumudar, Vulcan, 

Vulkan). 
Manu : w. Admiralty Is. ; form. Allison I. ; (not Manus). 
Manus : Admiralty Is.; form. Admiralty I., Basco ; (not Grosse 

Admiralitats-Insel). 
Masahet : pr. Masahet : x.e. New Ireland ; alt. Massait ; form. San 

Joseph. 
Matanalem : cape, New Hanover ; form. Queen Charlotte's Foreland. 
Matanatamberan : pr. Matanatamberan : cape, New Ireland ; (not 

Matanteberren , Matanteberen) . 
Mbuke : Admiralty Is. ; form. Sugarloaf I. ; (not Buke, Zuckerhut I.). 
Melanua : village, N.E. New Guinea; (not Konstantinhafen, Port Con- 

stantine). 
Mioko : Duke of York Is., N.E. New Britain ; (not Meoko, Mioke). 
Moila : cape, Bougainville I. ; (not Komaleai, Komaileai Point). 
Mok Islands : gr. consisting of Mok Mandrian and Mok Lin, Admiralty 

Is. ; (not Mouk, Mock, Mok Mandrean, Mokliu). 
Monumbo : village, N.E. New Guinea; (not Potsdam-Hafen). 
Morobe : village. N.E. New Guinea ; (not Marobe, Sinogu, Adolfhafen, 

Adolf Haven, Adolf Harbour). 
Mugil : harbour, N.E. New Guinea ; (not Elisabeth Hafen). 
Mundua : Vitu Is., x. New Britain; form. Forestier I. 
Mushu : pr. Mushii : N.E. New Guinea ; form. Gressien I. ; (not Muschu). 
Mussau : n.w. New Ireland; form. St. Matthias I., Prince William 

Henry I. ; (not St. Mathias I.). 
Mutupina : point, Bougainville I. ; (not Hiisker Spitz). 
Narage : Vitu Is., x. New Britain; form. He du Nord, Gipps I.; (not 

Narraga, North I.). 
Nauna : pr. Na-una: Admiralty Is. ; alt. Balletwi ; form. La Vandola. 
Nauru : pr. Na-uru : outlier, Gilbert Is. ; form. Pleasant I., Shank's I. ; 

(not Nawoiio, Onawero). 
Ndawara : S. Manus, Admiralty Is. ; (not Dawara, Duwara). 
Ndruval : s. Manus, Admiralty Is. ; alt. Daue ; form. Green I. ; (not 

Ndruwal, Bubal). 
New Britain : (no native name) ; (not Xcu-Ponmicrn, Birara). 



SECOND GENERAL LIST OF OCEANIC NAMES. 5 

New Hanover: W. New Ireland: provisionally named by the Aus- 
tralian Administration Lavongai, properly the name of a village on 
the south coast; (not Neu-Hannover). 

New Ireland: (no native name) ; (not Neu-Mecklenburg. Tombara). 

Ninigo: pr. Ninigo: gr., w. Admiralty Is.; form. Echiquier, Chess- 
hoard Is. ; (not Schachbrett). 

Nissan : pr. Nissan : Green Is., e. New Ireland ; (not Sir Charles Hardv, 
former name for the group). 

North Cape : New Ireland ; (not Cape North, Cape Byron, Nord-Kap). 

Nugarba : Nuguria Is., e. New Ireland ; form. Goodman I. ; (not 
Nuuguria). 

Nuguria: pr. Nuguria: gr., E. New Ireland ; form. Abgarris, Fead Is., 

(not Faed Is.). 
Nukumanu : N.E. P>ougainville I. ; form. Tasman Is. : (not Niumanno). 
Numa Numa : village, Bougainville I. ; (not Numanuma, Nouma Nouma). 
Pak : Admiralty Is. ; form. San Gabriel ; (not Pack). 
Papialou : pr. Papialo-u : s. Admiralty Is. ; form. Hayrick Is. ; (not 

Heuschober I.). 
Papitalai : harbour, Admiralty Is. ; (not Hyiine Hafen). 
Patamu : E. Manus, Admiralty Is. ; form. Bird I. ; (not Potomo, Rubiu). 
Pinepil : pr. Pinepil : Green Is., e. New Ireland ; (not Pinnepil, Pinipel, 

Pinipir). 

Pityilu : N. Manus, Admiralty Is. ; (not Pitilu, Pitelu, Pitjilu, Piehalew). 
Pom Islands: gr. consisting of Pom Mandrian and Pom Lin, Admiralty 

Is. : form. Maitland Is. ; (not Pom Liu). 
Porpop : village and harbour, New Ireland ; (not Purpup, Borpop). 
Purdy Islands : gr., s.W. Admiralty Is. ; (not Nager Is.). 
Rabaul : pr. Rab.i-ul : town and district, New Britain; (not Simpson- 

hafen, Simpson Harbour). 
Rambutyo : Admiralty Is. : form. Jesu Maria I. ; (not Rambutjo, 

Rambuchu, Lambutiu, Lambutin, Jesus Maria I.). 
Ramu : riv., N.E. New Guinea; (not Ranu, Ottilien). 
Rawa : village and harbour, Bougainville I. ; (not Rawie, Rauane). 
Reboine Bay: Bougainville I. ; (not Rottenburg Bay). 
Sae : pr. Sa-e : \.w. Admiralty Is. ; form. Commerson Is. 

St. George, Cape : New Ireland ; native Leinsilo : (not Kap Sankt 
Georg). 

Sakar : N". E. New Guinea ; alt. Ginges ; form. Tupinier I. 
Sarang: village and harbour, N.E. New Guinea; (not Prinz- Adalbert 
Hafen). 

Sauwai : Admiralty Is. ; form. Platform I. ; (not Plattform L). 
Schouten Islands: pr. Skhauten: gr., N.E. New Guinea; (not Le 
Main; Is.). 

Sek : harbour, N.E. New Guinea; (not Grossfiirst-Alexis Hafen). 
Selapiu : pr. Selapiu : Byron Strait, w. New [reland ; form. Mausolee, 

Mausoleum I.; (not Selapio, Tsalampiu). 
Sepik : riv., N'.lv New Guinea; (nol Kaiserin Augusta). 
Simberi : Tabar Is., \.k. New Ireland; form. Visschera Eiland, 

Fisher I. ; (not Fischer, W'idi.ut's I.). 



G SECOND GENERAL LIST OF OCEANIC NAMES. 

Sirot : pr. Sirot : Green Is., e. New Ireland ; (not Tsirot, Cerot). 
Sivisa : Fedarb Is., Admiralty Is. ; (not Srwissa, Seppessa, Sepessa). 
Tabar : pr. Tabar : gr., n.e New Ireland ; form. Suzannot, Gardner Is. 
Talasea : village and district, New Britain ; (not Hannam Harbour, 

( S-arua Harbour). 
Tanga : pr. Tang-a : gr., e. New Ireland ; form. Anthony Caens, He 

d'Oraison ; (not Kaan Is.). 
Tatau : pr. Tatau : Tabar Is., n.e. New Ireland ; alt. Korumbo ; form. 

S. Bias. 
Tautsina : e. Bougainville I. ; (not Sausina, Takosina). 
Tauu : .pr. Tau-u : n.e. Bougainville I. ; form. Marken, Mortlock. Cocos, 

Hunter, Massacre I. ; (not Marqueen). 
Tavanatangir : harbour, New Britain; form. Port Powell: (not 

Tawanatangir, Tavanatagir ) . 
Tench Island : N.w. New Ireland ; (not Squally I.). 
Tendanye : N.E. New Guinea; alt. Tarawai ; form. Bertrand I.; (not 

Tendanje, Tendanie). 
TingWOn Islands : gr., w. New Hanover; form. Portland Is. 
TinputS : harbour and village, Bougainville I. ; (not Timputs, Timputz, 

Timpuz). 
Toboroi : pr. Toboroi : village, Bougainville I. ; (not Toberoi, Toberei, 

Taboroi). 
Toiokh : n.w. Bougainville I. ; (not Toioch, Tojoch, Tajag, Taijag, Kaiser, 

Kayser I.). 
Tokowinai : nit., Bougainville I. ; (not Bonmartiniberg). 
Tolokiwa : N.E. New Guinea ; form. Lottin I. 
Tong : Admiralty Is. ; form. San Rafael. 
Ulu : Duke of York Is., n.e. New Britain ; alt, Mauke. 
Umboi: N.E. New Guinea; form. Sir George Rook I. ; (not Umboli, 

RookeL, Rook I.). 
Undaga: Vitu Is., n. New Britain ; (not Ur.dagu, Udanga). 
Unea : Vitu I*., N. New Britain ; form. Merite I. ," (not Unia, Merite). 
Valif: N.E. New Guinea ; form. Guilbert I. ; (not Walif, Valise, Gilbert). 
Vambu : Vitu Is., n. New Britain; (not Wambu, Vambi). 
Vanimo : pr. Vanimo: village, N.E. New Guinea ; (not Wanimo, An- 

griffs-Hafen, Attack Bay). 
Viai : pr. Viai : Schouten Is., N.E. New Guinea ; form. Jacquinot I. ; 

(not Wiai, Wiei). 
Vitu Islands: gr., n. New Britain; form. French Is., orig. Fr. Tics 

Franchises ; Ger. FraUzosische Inseln ; (not Witu, Widu). 
Vokeo: pr. Vokeo : Schouten Is., N.E. New Guinea: form. Roissy I. ; 

(not Wokeo). 
WaikatU : St. Andrew Is., Admiralty Is.; (not Waikatoo, 

Waimkatu, Uaimkatou). 
Watom : pr. Watoni: N.E. New Britain : form. Man I. ; (not LTatom). 
Wuvulu : w. Admiralty Is.; form. Maty L,TigerI. ; (notWuwulu, .Matty). 
Yame : pr- Yam6: W. Buka, N. Bougainville 1. : (not .lame, laming). 



THIRD GENERAL LIST OF OCEANIC 

NAMES (NEW ZEALAND DEPENDENCIES). 

Aitutaki : Cook Is. ; (not Whytootake). 

Apia: pr. Apia : town and bay, Up :>lu, Samoa. 

Apolima : pr. nearly Aporima : Samoa ; (not Aborima, Poreemo, Calinase). 

Asau : pi". A«au : bay, Savaii, Samoa ; (not Asaua). 

Atiu : pr. Atiu : Cook Is. ; (not Vatiu, Wateeo). 

Auala : pr. A-uala : village, Savaii, Samoa ; (nut Anala, Amvalea). 

Cook Islands: gr., lat. 22° to 19 s., lung. 157' to 160° w. ; (not 

I [ervey [s., q.v.). 
Danger Islands: gr., lat. 11 s., long. 1GG w., including Pukapuka, 

Motu Koe a 1 1 < i Motu Kavata. 
Falealupo : pr. Fale-iilupo : village and cape, Savaii, Samoa ; (nut 

Felialupo). 
Falefa : pi". Fale-fa : village and bay, Upolu, Samoa; (not Falifa). 
Falelatai : pr. Fale-latai : village and bay. Upolu, Samoa ; (not Falilati, 

Falelatei). 
Faleula : pr. Fale'ula: eapej Upolu, Samoa; (not Falulu, Falooloo). 
Fangalii : pi*- Fang-ali'i : village and bay, Upolu, Samoa ; (not Fagalii). 
Fangaloa : pr. Fang-a-16a : bay, Upolu, Samoa ; (not Fagaloa). 
Hervey Islands : gr. including only Manuae and Te Au o Tu, Cook Is. 
Iva : village, Savaii, Samoa ; (not Iwa). 
Lefanga : pr. Lefang-a : bay, Upolu, Samoa; (not Lafanga, Lefaga, 

Lefauga). 
Lotofanga : pr. Lotofanga : village, S.E. Upolu, Samoa ; (not Lotofaga). 
Lotofanga: pr. Lotofaug-a : village, Safata, Upolu, Samoa; (not 

Lotofaga , Luko ana). 
Malaemaiu : pr. Mala-einalu : village, Upolu, Samoa; (not Malaiinalu). 
Mangaia : pr. Mang-a-ia: Cook Is.; (not Mangea). 

Manihiki : pr. Ma-nihiki : lat. lo "JO' s., long. 161 w. , form. Hum- 
phrey's I.; (not Manahiki, Monahiki). 
Manono : Samoa : form. He Platte, Flat. I. 
Manuae : pr. Manua-e: Hervey Is., Cook Is. ; (not Manuai). 
Matautu : pr. Mata-utu: bay, Savaii, Samoa; (not Mataata, Matauta). 
Mauke : pi'- Ma-iike: Cook Is.; form. Parry 1.; (not Mauki, Mauiki, 

Perry). 
Maungaloa : pi'- Mau-nga-loa : int., Savaii, Samoa ; (nut Maugaloa, 

Mangalo i, M ua). 
Mitiaro : Conk Is. : (m>r, Mitiero, Mattiaro). 
Motu Kavata: pi'. Motu Kavata: Danger Is.: (nut Katoe). 
Motu Koe: Danger Is.; (not ECoko). 

Mulivai : pi'- Dearly Murivai: riv., Upolu, Samoa: (nut Muliwai). 
Nassau Island: lat. 11 30' s., long. L65 30' w. ; (no! Motugaugau). 
Niue : pr. Niu-e : lat. 1'.* 8., Ion-. L70 w. ; form. Savage I., Taliti ; 

(nut Nieue, [niue). 
Nuusafee : pi'- Nu'usafee: islet,s. Upolu, Samoa ; (not Nunsafe, Satalo). 
Nuutele : pr. Nu'utele: island, e. Upolu, Samoa; form, lie des 

Pechcurs, Fishers' 1. 



8 TIIIED GENERAL LIST OF OCEANIC NAMES. 

Palauli : pr. nearly Pala-un: village and bay, Savaii, Samoa; (not 

Palaule). 
Palmerston Atoll : lat. 18° s., long. 163 w. ; (not San Pablo). 
Pukapuka : Danger Ts. ; (not alt. for the whole group). 
Rakahanga : pr. Rakahang-a : lat. 10°s, long. 161° w. ; form. Reirson 

I.; Russ. OcTpoBt JJciiiiairo Kii;i:;;i AjieKcau,npa = Ostrov Velikago 

(pr. Vyelikavo) Knyazya Aleksandra, Grand Duke Alexander's I. ; 

(not Rakaanga). 

Rarotonga : pr. Rarotong-a: Cook Is.; Tahitian Raroto-a; form. 
Goodenough's I. 

Safata : pr. Safata : bay, Upolu, Samoa ; (not Safatu). 

Safune : pr. Safune : bay, Savaii, Samoa ; (not Safoone). 

Salailua : pr. Sala'-ilua : bay, Savaii, Samoa; (not Salaelua, Salealua). 

Salelolonga: pr. Sfdelolong-a : village, Savaii, Samoa; (not Salelologa, 

' Saleloluga). 
Samatau : pr. Samata-u : village, Upolu, Samoa ; (not Samatua, 

Saamatau). 
Samoa, Western : pr. Sa-moa : gr., consisting of Savaii, Upolu and 

islets; with E. Samoan Is., form. lies des Navigateurs, Navigators' 

Is. ; (not Navigator Is.). 
Sapapalii : pr. Sapapali'i: village, Savaii, Samoa; (not Sapapalie, 

Sapapalii). 
Satupaitea : pr. Satupaitea: village, Savaii, Samoa; (not Satupeitea). 
SauangO : pr. Sa-uang-o : village and bay, Upolu, Samoa ; (not Sauago, 

Sauano). 
Savaii: pr. Savai'i : Samoa; form. Chatham I.; (not Sawaii, Shavie, 

Oteewhy, Pola). 
Suvorov : pr. Suvawrof : lat. 13° s., long. 163° w. ; Russ. CyBopoB'j.; 

(no native name) ; (not Suvarov, Suwarrow, Suwaroff, Souworoff). 
Tafua : pr. Tafua : int., Upolu (also Savaii), Samoa ; (not Tofua). 
Takutea : pr. Takutea : Cook Is.; alt. Fenua Iti ; (not Wenua lti. 

Wenooaette). 
Tapanga : pr. Tapang-a: cape, Upolu, Samoa; (not Tapaga). 
Te Au O Tu : Hervey Is., Cook Is. ; (not Auotu, Uitate). 
Tiavea : bay, Upolu, Samoa; (not Tiawea). 
Tongareva : pr. Tong-areva: lat. 9 s. 3 long. 158 w. ; form. Mango- 

rongoro, Fararanga, Penrhyn I., Bennett I. ; (not Tongarewa). 
Upolli: pr. Upolu: Samoa; (not Opoloo, Ojolava). 
Vaea : pr. Va-e-a : hill, Upolu, Samoa; (not Waea). 
Vailele : pr. V allele: village and bay, Upolu, Samoa ; (not Wailele). 
Vaisingano : pr. Vaising-ano : riv., Upolu, Samoa ; (not Vaisigano, 

Waisigano). 

Published for the Permanent Committee on Geographical Names by the 
Royal Geographical Society, Kensington Gore, London, S.W.I. 

Price Sixpence. 

FIRST GENERAL LIST OF OCEANIC NAMES (FOREIGN 
DEPENDENCIES). 



I. NDON : PRINTED BX W.M. CLOWES AND SONS, LTD., I'll.' SSR] ET, STAMFORD STREET, S.E. 1. 



PERMANENT COMMITTEE ON GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES 
FOR BRITISH OFFICIAL USE. 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN FIJI. 



Published for the Permanent Committee on Geographical Names by the 
Royal Geographical Society, Kensington Gore, London, S.W.T. 

Price Sixpence. 



Tnr. following List of Names in Fiji, having been submitted through 
E.M. Secretary of State for the Colonies to the Governor and revised 
by him, is now published by the Permanent Committee on Geographical 
Names for British Official Use. 

lit this List the P.C.G.N. has made use of ih for the sound (as in 
they) which should strictly be rendered by dh according to the 1L<!.S. II, 
System ; ih has been regarded in this case as established by convention. 

The P.C.G.K has decided not to adopt the very arbitrary system of 
Fijian spelling introduced by the Wesleyan Missionaries, namely - 

Fijian. P.C.G.N. 

h for nth 

c „ ih, as in they (R.G.S. II. dh) 

il ,, nd 

<l ,, iuj, as in singer 

q „ ngg,&sng in finger. 

This •' Fijian " spelling has been mentioned in every case where it. 
differs from P.C.G.N. spelling. Most maps, etc., of Fiji published 
hitherto have confused these two systems. 

Iii the following List the names are of islands, unless it is stated 
otheru ise. 



Knv m. 1 1 eogb m'iiicm. Society, 
I\'i nsington Gore, 

London, S. II'. 7. 



Edward Gleichen, Rtaj.-Gen., 

( 'hairmartj P.t '.G. A , 

/, L925. 



A.BBKEVIATIONS, Etc 

alt alternative. Long. 

conv. .... conventional. cat. 

Kij Fijian (sec above). pr. 

1,,1'in formei I . pri >p. 

I., I Island(s). prov. 

Lat. ... • latitude. riv. 

loc Looal(ly). Ru i . 



: ml.'. 

mountain, 
pronounced, 
properly. 
|hm\ ince. 
river, 
ian. 



The pronunciations are in accordance with the R.G.S. II. System, for which 
e Geog. Jour., Jan. 1921, Vol. LVII, pp. 10 13; or an explanatory leaflel ran be 
had on appli i ktion bo the Secretary, P.C.G. iphical Si i 

The acute acoenl ' indicate I be I cess- 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN FIJI. 

Afnaha : pr.Afnd.ha: e. Rotuma; (not Afgaha). 

Aiwa: pr. Aiwa: Lau Group; (not Echouas). 

Andavathi : pr. Andavadhi : w. Vanua Mbalavu, Lau Group; Fij. 

Adavaci; (nut Ahdiwathe). 
Anutunga : pr. Auutdng-a : N.w. Vanua Levu ; Fij. Anutuga; (not 

Anatunga). 
Avea : pr. Avga: n.e. Vanua Mbalavu, Lau Group; form. Curling I.; 

(not Avia). 
Fiji: British Colony; conv. (Tonga n) for Fij. Viti, pr. Viti : (not Feejee). 
Fulanga : pr. Fulang-a: Lau Group; Fij. Fulaga; (not Vulanga, 

Boulang-ba, Laquaba). 
Hatana : pr. Hatana: w. Rotuma ; (not Hattana, Ataou). . 
Hauatiu : pr. Hauatfu : n. r.. Rotuma : (not Havae, Hanoua). 
Hofiiua : pr. Hofliua: w. Rotuma ; (not Hoflua, Hofliona). 
Kaimbu : pr. Kaimbii.: Lau Group ; Fij. Kaibu ; (not Kaimbo). 
Kamba : pr. Kamba: point, e. Viti Levu ; Fij. Kaba ; (not Kambia). 
Kambara : pr. Kambara : Lau Group ; Fij. Kabara ; (not Kumbaru). 
Kanathea : pr. Kanadhea : Lau Group; Fij. Kanacea ; (not Kanathia, 

Kanazea, Kanacia). 
Kandavu : pr. Kandavu; Fij. Kadavu. 
Karoni : pr. KarOni: Lau Group ; (not Koroni). 
Katafanga : pr. Katafang-a : Lau Group ; Fij. Katafaga ; (not 

Katavanga). 
Kavewa : pr. Kavewa: n. Vanua Levu; (not Kaveva, Cabewa). 
Kia : pr. Kia : N. Vanua Levu ; (not Kiai, Kie). 
Kimbombo : pr. Ki-mb6-inb6 : N. Vanua Mbalavu, Lau Group; Fij. 

Kibobo; (not Okimbo, Olimbo). 
Kioa : pr. Ki6a : E. Vanua Levu ; form. Tate I. ; (not Kea, Keai, Keaw). 
Komo (Levu) : pr. K6mo (Levu) : Lau Group. 
Komo Ndriki : pr. Komo Ndriki: Lau Group; Fij. Komo Driki ; (not 

Ndriti). 
Koro : pr. Kawro : e. Viti Levu. 
Koro Levu: pr. Kawro Levu: N.w. Taveuni ; form. Goat Islet; (not 

Korolib, Corolib). 
Koromba : pr. Koromba: mt., Viti Levu; Fij. Koroba ; form. 

Pickering Peak. 
Koro Mbasa Mbasanga: pr. Kawro Mbasa Mbasang-a: mt., Viti 

Levu ; Fij. Koro Basa Basaga. 
Koro Yanitu : pr. Kawro Yanitu : mt., n.w. A r iti Levu; form. .Mount 

Evans. 
Kowata : pr. Kowata: Yasawa Group; (not Waya Lailai Thake). 
Kumbulau : pr. Kumbulau: point, S. Vanua Levu; another, E. Vanua 

Levu ; Fij. Kubulau ; (not Kumbalau, Kainbalau). 
Lakemba : pr. Lak^mba: Lau Group; Fij. Lakeba; (not Laguemba). 
Lambasa: pr. Lambasa ; riv. and village, x. Vanua Levu; Fij. Labasa. 
Lau: pr. Lau: group; alt. Eastern; (not Weather). 
Lauthala: pr. Laudhala: e. Taveuni; also bay, s.e. A'iti Levu; Fij. 

Laucala. 
Lautoka : pr. Lautoka: village, x.w. Viti Levu: prop. Lautoko ; (not 
Lautaka). 

Lavena : pr. Lavina; point, s.e. Taveuni; (nut Laveni, Laveine). 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IX FIJI. 3 

Lekumbi : pr. Lektimbi: point, s.w. Vanua Levu ; Fij. Lekubi; (not 

Lecubi). 
Leleuvia : pr. Leleuvfa: e. Viti Levu; (not Lelewia). 
Lesiatheva : pr. Lgsiadheva : point, s. Vanua Levu; Fij. Lesiaceva; 

( not Savu Savu). 
Levuka : pr. Levtika: town, Ovalau. 
Lomaloma : pr. L6ma-l6ma: town, Vanua Mbalavu, Lau Group ; (nol 

Lomo-lomo). 
Makondronga : pr. Makondr6ng-a : b. Viti Levu; Fij. Makodroga; 

(not Makondranga, Mokondranga). 
Makongai : pr. Mako-ng-ai: e. Viti Levu; Fij. Makogai; (not 

Mokongai ). 
Makuluva : pr. Makuldva: e. Suva, Viti Levu; (not Mokaluva). 
Malake : pi". Malake: \. Viti Levu; (not Malaki). 
Malata: pr. Malata: s. Vanua Mbalavu, Lau Group; (not Malatta, 

Mallatta, Namalata). 
Malavi : pr. Malavi : n. Vanua Levu ; form. Curnmings I. 
Mali: pr. .Mali : N. Vanua Levu. 

Malima: pr. Malfma: N.E. Vanua Mbalavu, Lau Group; (not Molina). 
Malolo : pr. Malolo: w. Viti Levu. 
Mamanutha : pr. Mamanddha: group, w. Viti Levu; Fij. Mamanuca; 

form. Hudson Is., Chaptal [s. 
Mambualau : pr. Mambdalau: e. Viti Levu; Fij. Mabualau; (not 

Mumbualau). 
Mambulithi : pr. Mambulidhi: reef, s. Ngau, E. Viti Levu: Fij. 

Mabulici; (not Mambulitha, Mumbolithe). 
Mango : pr. Mango ; Lau Group ; Fij. Mago. 
Mara: pr. Mara: n.e. Kandavu ; (not Nmara). 

Marambo : pr. Marambo: Lau Group ; Fij. Marabo ; (not Morainba). 
Matangi : pr. Matang-i: n. Nggarnea, e. Taveuni; Fij. Matagi. 
Matanuku : pr. Matandku : s. Kandavu; (not Matanutu, Matanuti). 
Matathawa Levu: pr. Matadhawa Levu: n.w. Viti Levu; Fij. 

Matacawa Levu; (not Matathoni Levu). 
Mathuata : pr. M&dhuata: island and prov., \. Vanua Levu; Fij. 

Macuata : (not Muthuata ). 
Matuku : pr. Matdku: s.w. Lau Group; (not Matugu). 
Mba : prov., w. \ iti Levu ; Fij. Fa. 

Mbatiki : pr. Mbatiki: E. Viti Levu ; Fij. Batiki ; (not Vatiki 
Mbau : pr. Mbau: E. \'iti Levu; Fij. Fan: (not A.mbow). 
Mbekana: pr. Mbek&na: n.i:. Vanua Levu; Fij. Bekana : (not Vicuna). 
Mbenau : pr. Mbenau : s.e Vanua Levu; Fij. Benau ; (no; Benow). 
Mbengga : pr. Mbeng-ga: s. Viti Levu; Fij. Beqa; (not Mbenga, 

M bengha, Benga, I tega }. 
Mbua: pr. Mbda: bay, (also prov.), s.w. Vanua Levu; Fij. Bua; form. 

Sam la I wood Hay. 

Mbuimbani : pr. Mbuimbani : n.e. Taveuni; Fij. Buibani; (nol .Miu- 

mbanij Vuimbani, Vunibanu, Viubani). 
Mbukatatanoa : pr. Mbdkatatan6a : reef, ban Group; Fij. Buka 

t at anoa ; form. A rgo. 

Mbulia: pr. Mbulia : n.i;. Kandavu; Fij. Bulia; ? form. Howison i. 
Mbutha: pr. Mbddha: bay, e. Vanua Levu; Fij. Buca ; (not Butha). 
Moala: pr. Moala: s.w. Lau Group ; (nol Mouala). 



4 FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN FIJI. 

Mothe : pr. Modhe: Lau Group; Fij. Moce; (not Moze). 
Motua Levu : pr. Motua Levu : reef, n.e. Taveuni : form. Thane Reef. 
Moturiki : pr. Moturiki : e. Viti Levu ; (not Matoriki). 
Mungaiwa : pr. Miing-a-iwa : Ringgold Is.; Fij. Mugaiwa ; form. 
Maury I. 

Munia : pr. Mania: s.e. Vanua Mbalavu, Lau Group; form. Hadow I.; 

(not Munea). 
Nai Korokoro : pr. Nai Kawrokawro: point, x.w. Viti Levu: (not 

Nakorokorb). 
Nai Ngani : pr. Nai Ng-ani : e. Viti Levu ; Fij. Nai Gani. 
Nairai : pr. Nairai: e. Viti Levu; (not Neri). 
Naitamba : pr. Naitamba : Lau Group ; Fij. Naitaba ; form. I Erection I. ; 

(not Naitaumba, Neita-oumba). 
Nai Thombothombo : pr. Nai Dhombo Dhombo: point, w. Vanua 

Levu ; Fij. Nai Cobocobo; (not Dimba Dimba). 
Nai Vaka : pr. Nai Vaka: mt., W. Vanua Levu ; (not N a Vaka, Tvaea). 
Na Kandra Niu : pr. Na Kdndra Nin : n. Vanua Levu; Fij.NaKadra 

Niu ; ? form. William's I. ; (not Na Kandranui). 
Na Koro Levu: pr. Na Kawro Levu: bay and village, s. Viti Levu ; 

another, s.k. Kandavu ; (not Korolevu). 
Namalata : pr. Namalata: bay and village, Kandavu : (not Malatta). 
Na Mbuke Levu : pr. Na MMke Levu : mt,, Kandavu ; Fij. Na Buke 

Levu ; form. Mount Washington. 
Namena : pr.Nam&na : s. Vanua Levu ; form. Direction I. ; (not Nemena). 
Namena : pr. Namena : village, e. Viti Levu ; (not Namina). 
Namuka(-i-Lau) : pr. Namuka(-i-Lau) : Lau Group; (not Muka, 

Namukai Lau). 

Nananu-i-Ra : pr. Nananu-i-Ra : n. Viti Levu; (not Annan). 
Nananu-i-Thake : pr. Nananu-i-Dhake : n. Viti Levu ; Fij. Nananu-i- 

Cake ; (not Nananugata, Ananugata, Yananu). 
Nandi : pr. Nandi : bay, s. Vanua Levu ; Fij. Nadi. 
Na Ndongo: pr. Na Nddng-6 : n.w. Vanua Levu; Fij. Na Dogo; (not 

Na Ndongu, Nandogo, Nuvera, Nuvai'a). 
Nandronga: pr. Nandrong-a: prov., s.w. Viti Levu ; Fij. Nadroga. 
Nanduri : pr. Nanduri : village, n. Vanua Levu ; Fij. Naduri. 
Nangano : pr. Nang-ano : N. Vanua Levu ; Fij. Nagano ; 1 form. Neill I. 
Nanuku Lailai : pr. Nandku Lailai : s. Ringgold Is. 
Nanuku Levu : pr. Nanuku Levu : s. Ringgold Is. 
Nanuya : pr. Nanuya : Yasawa Group ; (not Nanuia). 
Na Rarawai : pr. Na Rarawai : village, n. Viti Levu. 
Nasautambu : pr. Nasautambu: e. Viti Levu; Fij. Nasautabu; (not 

Nanga Sautambu, Angasautombu). 
Na Savusavu : pr. Na SSvus^vu; bay, s. Vanua Levu ; (not Savu Savu). 
Naselai : pr. NasSlai: river mouth and village, S.E. Viti Levu; (not 

Nasilai, Nasalai). 
Na Selesele : pr. Na Selesdle: point, N. Taveuni ; (not Naiseileseile). 
Nasilai: pr. Nasilai: reef, s.k. Viti Levu; (not Naselai). 
Na Singatoka : pr. Na Sing-a-t6ka: riv. and village, Viti Levu; Fij. 

Nasigatoka ; (no! Singatoke). 
Na Sonisoni : pr. Na S6nis6ni: s. Vanua Levu ; (not Soni Soni). 
Natewa: pr. NateVa: bay, E. Vanua Levu; (not Nates a, Natawa, 

Nathava, Naceva). 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN FIJI. 5 

Na Thilau : pr. Na Dhilau: point, \.\v. \'i(i Levu; Fij. Na Cilau. 
Nathula : pr. NTadhula: Yasawa Group; Fij. Nacula ; (not Nathoula, 

Nathoulla, Ndrona, Ndrola). 
Na Vatu : pr. Na Vatu: reef, s.w. Fan Group; (not Navutu, Tova). 
Naviti : pr. Naviti: Yasawa Group; (not Vaviti). 
Navutu-i-Loma : pr. Navdtu-i-L6ma : Lau Group; (not AJbootolema) 
Navutu-i-Ra : pr. Navutu-i-Ra: Lau Group; (not Abootoena). 
Naweni : pr.Nawgni: p< »iiit, s. VanuaLevu; (not NTaweine, CJrambuta). 
Nayambo : pr. Nayambo: b. Yangasa, Lau Group; Fij. Nayabo; (not 

Naiabo, Naevu >. 
Nayau : pr. Naya-u : Lau Group; (not Naiau, Niau, Neaou). 
Ndikeva : pr. Ndikiva: int., e. Vanua Levu ; Fij. Dikeva; form. 

Thurston Peak. 
Ndravuni : pr. Ndravdni: n.e. Kandavu ; Fij. Dravuni; form. 

Colvocaressis L 
Ndreketi : pi'- Ndrek^ti: riv., Vanua Levu; Fij. Dreketi; (no! 

Ndrekati). 
NdruaNdrua: pr. Ndriia Ndriia : N. Vanua Leva; Fij. Drua Drua; 

(not Ndrua). 
Ngaloa : ]»'• Ng-al6a: N.w. \'anua Leva; another, S. k'aiulavu : Fij. 

( raloa : (noi Naloa). 
Ngau : pr. Ng-au : B. Viti Levu: Fij. Gau ; (noi Angau, Goa, Nhow). 
Nggamea : pr. Ng-gamga: b. Taveuni; Fij. Qamea; (not Ngamea, 

Ngamia, Kamea, Kamia, Quamea, Qamia). 
Nggele Levu: pr. Ng-ggle LeVu: Ringgold Ts. : Fij. Qele Levu ; (not 

Ngele, Quele, Nagali, Nuku Levu). 
Nggoma : pr. Ng-goma: e. Viti Levu; Fij. Qoma; (not Ngoma, 

Nguma, Nggomo, Qomo). 
Ngilongilo : pr. Ng-ilo-ng-flo : point, n.e. Viti Levu; Fij. Gilogilo; 

(not Nagilogilo). 
Nuku-i-Ra: pr. Ntiku-i-Ra : \.\v. Vanua Levu ; (not Vatu, Vatoa). 
Nukumbalati : pr. Nukumbalati : Ringgold Is.; Fij. Nukubalati ; (not 

Nukumbalate). 
Nukumbasanga : pr. Ntikumbasa'ng-a : Ringgold Is. ; Fij. Nuku- 

basaga ; (not Nukumbaga). 
Nukumbati : pr. Nttkumbati: \. Vanua Levu; Fij. Nukubati; (not 

N ukumba, Nakubati, Nucumbati, Nuthumbati). 
Nukunuku : p>'. Nukunuku : \. Vanua Levu; form. Clark's F 
Nukuongea: pr. Nukuong-iSa: reef, Lau Group; Fij. Nukuogea; (not 

Nugu, Nuku Songe). 
Nukusemanu : pr. Nukusernanu : Ringgold Is.; form. Sandy F 
Nukutolu : pi'- Nukiitolu: w. Yathata, Fan Group; (not Nukutolo, 

Nougo tolou, Nungatombe). 
Olorua : pr. Olortia: Lau Group; (not Olenea) 
Oneata : pr. One-ata: Lau Group. 

Ongea Levu: pr. Ong-^a L&vu : Lau Group ; Fij. Ogea Levu. 
Ongea Ndriki : pi'. 0ng-6a Ndriki : Fan Group; Fij. Ogea Driki ; 

(not Ndi-iti). 
Ono(-i-Lau) : pr. Ono-i-La-u: group, s. Fan Group. 
Ono(-i-Ra) : pi - . 0n6( i Ra): n.b. Kandavu; (not Oumben; 
Ovalau : pr. Ovalau : e. Viti Levu. 



6 FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN FIJI. 

Rambi : pr. Rambi : e. Vanua Levu ; Fij. Rabi ; form. Gillet I. ; (not 
Rambe). 

Rara ni Tingga : pr. Rara ni Ting-ga: Ringgold Is.; Fij. Rara ni 

Tiqa ; form, de Haven I. ; (not Rara ni Tinka, Tavuka). 
Rewa : pr. Rgwa: riv. (also prov.), Viti Levu : prop. Wai Levu. 
Ringgold Isles: group, e. Vanua Levu; (not Ringold). 
Rotuma : pr. Rotuma : lat, 12° 30' s., long. 177 k. ; loc. Rotuam ; form. 

Grenville I. ; (not Rotumah). 
Rovondrau : pr. R6vo-ndrau; bay, s. Viti Levu; Fij. Rovodrau. 
Rukuruku : pr. Rukuruku : bay, w. Vanua Levu ; (not Ruke Luke). 
Sausau : pr. Sausau : n. Vanua Levu ; (not Nai Sau Sau). 
Serua : pr. Sertia : bay and reef, s. Viti Levu ; (not Sarua, Yarawa). 
Seseleka : pr. Sesel&ka : mt., w. Vanua Levu ; (not Sesaleka). 
Singuma : pr. Sing-tima : harbour, Ngau, e. Viti Levu ; Fij. Siguma. 
Sblkope : pr. Solkope : s. Rotuma ; (not Solkop). 
Sblnahu : pr. Solnahu : s. Rotuma ; (not Solnahou). 
Solo: pr. Sold: n.e. Kandavu; form. North Rock. 
Somosomo : pr. Sdmosomo: strait and town, Taveuni. 
Soro Levu: pr. Sawro LeVu : mt., Vanua Levu ; (not Koro Mbasanga). 
Sovu: pr. S6vu: n.e. Vanua Mbalavu, Lau Group; form. Three 

Brothers ; (not Osombu, Osubu). 
Susui: pr. Susdi : s. Vanua Mbalavu, Lau Group ; form. D. Scot's I. 
Suva : pr. Suva : town, Viti Levu. 

Tai Levu: pr. Tai Levu : point (also prov.), e. Viti Levu. 
Tala-i-Lau : pr. Tala-i-Lau : n. Vanua Levu ; 1 form. Green's I. 
Tavea: pr. Tave-a : N.W. Vanua Levu ; (not Tavia, Tavera). 
Taveuni : pr. Taveuni : e. Vanua Levu ; (not Taviuni, Tabiuni, Vuna). 
Tavewa : pr. Tavgwa : Yasawa Group ; (not Otovawa, Jabeia). 
Tavuki : pr. Tavuki : bay and village, Kandavu ; (not Tavuka, Tabuka). 
Tavu na Sithi: pr. Tavu na Sidhi : Lau Group; Fij. Tavu na Si< -i ; 

(not Tabunasithi, Tabune Siki, Tubanaielli). 
Telau : pr. Telau : e. Viti Levu ; (not Teilau, Tailau). 
Thakau Momo: pr. Dhakau M6mo: reef, n.w. Nairai, e. Viti Levu; 

Fij. Cakau Momo ; form. Horseshoe Reef ; (not Thackau). 
Thakaundrove : pr. DhakaundrDve : prov., e. Vanua Levu ; Fij. Cakau- 

drove. 

Thakavi : pr. Dbakdvi : s. Vanua Levu ; Fij. Cakavi. 
Thanggalai: pr. Dhang-galai: e. Viti Levu; Fij. Caqalai ; (not 
Thangalai, Cigalai). 

Thikombia(-i-Lau) : pr. Dbiko-mbia(-i-Lau) : e. Vanua Mbalavu, Lau 

Group; Fij. Cikobia-(i-Lau) ; form. Van Shirnding I. ; (not Thikobia, 

Ticumbia). 
Thikombia(-i-Ra) : pr. Dhiko-mbia-i-Ra : \.e. Vanua Levu; Fij. 

Cikobia(-i-Ra) ; (not Cbicobea). 
Thithia: pr.Dhldhia: Lau Group; Fij. Cicia; form. Favourite I. ; (not 

Theathea, Chichia, Ciacia, Dzizia). 
Tholo, N., W., and E. : pr. Dh6lo: provs., \'iti Levu; Fij. Colo. 
Thombia: pr. Dbfimbia: Ringgold Is.; Fij. Cobia -, form. Budd I. 
Thukini : pr. Dhukini: n. Vanua Levu; Fij. Cukini; i<n\u. Gibson's I. 
Thuvu : pr.Dhuvu: harbour, s.w. Viti Levu; Fij.Cuvu; alt. NandroDga, 

Fij. Nadroga ; (nol Ndronga). 



FIRST LIST OF NAMES EN FIJI. 7 

Tilangitha : pr. Ti-lang-idha : \. Vanua Levu; Fij. Tilagica; (not 

Tilijica, Nail ingilitha). 
Timbithi: pr. Timbidhi: harbour, x.k. Vanua Levu; Fij. Tibici; (no! 

Tiinlici he). 

Tomanivi : pr. Tomanivi: mt., Viti Levu ; Form. Mount Victoria. 
Totoya : pr. Tot6-ya: s.w. Lau Group; (not Tutoya, Tutoia, Totoua). 
Tulane : pr. Ttilane: harbour, Koro, e. Viti Levu; (not Tulani). 
Tutu: pr. Tutu: x. Vanua Levu; ? form. Henderson T. 
Tuvana-i-Ra: pr. Tuvana-i-Ra: s. Lau Group; form. Russ. MiixrHjiobi 

Mikhailov; (not Davoraj Michaelofi). 
Tuvana-i-Tholo : pr. Tuvana-i-Dh6lo : s. Lau Group; Fij. Tuvana-i- 

Colo; form. Russ. CejueHOBTb = Semenov, pr. Syemyonof; (not Doi, 

Simonoff). 

Tuvutha : pr. Tuvudba: Lau Group; Fij. Tuvuca; (not Tavutha). 

Uea: pr. U-e-a: x.w. Rotuma; form. Emery I ; (not Ouea, Waya). 

Ulu-i-Ngalau : pr. fj Ju-i-Ng-alau : mt., Taveuni; Fij. Qlu-i-Galau. 

Undu : pr. Fndii : cape, x.e. Vanua Levu; Fij. Qdu. 

Vanua Kula: pr. Vanua Kdla: n.e. Kandavu; form. Reynolds I. 

Vanua Levu: pr. Vanda Livu; form. Sandalwood I. 

Vanua Masi: pr. Vanda Masi: Lau Group. 

Vanua Mbalavu : pr. Vanua, Mbalavu: Lau Group; Fij. Vanua 

Balavu; form. Sir Charles Middleton I. ; (not Vanua Valavo). 
Vanua Vatu : pr. Vanda Vatu: Lau Group. 
Vatoa: pr. VatOa: s. Lau Group; form. Turtle I.; (not Bitoa). 
Vatu-i-Ra: pr. Vatu-i-Ra: n.e. Viti Levu. 
Vatu-i-Thake : pr. Vatu-iDh&ke: x.e. Viti Levu; Fij. Vatu-i-Cake ; 

form. Passage I. ; (not Ovalu, Na Vatu). 
Vatuka : pr. Vatdka: x.w. Vanua Levu; (not Nambiti). 
Vatu Lele: pr. Vatu Lele: s. Viti Levu ; (not Vatu Leile). 
Vatundamu : pr. Vatundamu: point, s.E. Vanua Levu; Fij. Vatudamu ; 

form. Cocoanul Point ; (not Navukana). 
Vatu Vara: pr. Vatu Vara: Lau Group; form. Hat L; (not Vatu 

Vera, Batou Bara). 
Veindrala: pr. Vgindrala: x.w. Vanua Levu: Fij. Veidrala; (not 



V 



moral 



Veitalathangi : pr. Veitaladhang-i : point, e. Taveuni ; Fij. Veitalacagi; 

form. Thurston Point. 

Vekai : pr. Veka-i: Fan Group. 

Verata : pr. Verata: point and town, e. Viti Levu; (not Yerata, Na 

[Jthuna Vanua, Uthuni vanua). 
Vetauua: pr. Vetau-da: Ringgold P.; (not Va Tauua, Korotuna). 
Viani: pr. Viani: bay, b.e. Vanua Levu; (not Vienne). 
Viti Levu : pr. Viti Levu; prop. Naviti Levu. 

Viwa : pr. Viwa: k. Viti Levu ; i ther, w. Yasawa Group; (not Vewa). 

Vomo : pr. V6mo: x.w. Viti Levu; (not Vamo). 

Vuangg'ava: )>r. Vuang-gava: Lau Group; Fij. Vuaqava; (not 

Uangava, Wangava, LCnkaba, Foocaffa). 
Vu na Niu: pr. Vu ua Niu : bay and village, s. Viti Levu; form. 

Granby Harbour; (nol Vuna Nui). 
Vuro : pr. Vdro: n.e. Kandavu; I form. Blunt I 
Vuya : pr. Vdya: point, s.w. Vanua Levu; (not Buia). 



8 FIRST LIST OF NAMES IN FIJI. 

Wailangi Lala: pr. Wai-lang-i Lala : Lau Group; Fij. WailagiLala; 

(not Weilangilala, Yalangatala). 
Wai ni Koro : pr. Wai ni Kawro : riv. and village, n. Vanua Lovu ; 

(not Wai no Koro). 
Wakaya : pr. Wakaya : E. Viti Levu ; (not Wakaia, Wakai). 
Waya : pr. Waya: Yasawa Group ; (not Waia). 

Waya Lailai : pr. Waya Lailai ; Yasawa Group; (not Waia Lai Lai). 
Yalewa Kalou : pr. Yalewa Kaldu : n. Viti Levu ; alt. Alewa Kalou : 

form. Round I. ; (not Awakalou). 
Yambu : pr. Yainbu: Ringgold Is.; Fij. Yabu ; form. North I. ; (not 

Iambu, Lambu). 
Yandua : pr. Yandua : w. Vanua Levu ; Fij. Yadua ; (not Yendua). 
Yandua Tambu : pr. Yandua T&mbu : w. Vanua Levu ; Fij. Yadua 

Tabu ; (not Yendua Tamba). 
Yangasa (Levu): pr. Yang-a sfi (Levu): Lau Group; Fij. Yagasa 

(Levu) ; (not Angasa). 
Yangganga : pr. Yang-gang-a : n.w. Vanua Levu ; Fij. Yaqaga; (not 

Yanganga, Yangaga, Anganga). 
Yanggeta : pr. Yang-ge"ta : Yasawa Group ; Fij. Yaqeta ; (cot Yangeta, 

Yangata, Angata, Agata). 
Yanutha : pr. Yanudha : Ringgold Is. ; Fij. Yanuca ; form. Holmes I. 
Yanutha: pr. Yanudha: s. Viti Levu; Fij. Yanuca; (not Namuka). 
Yanutha Lailai : pr. Yanudha Lailai : e. Viti Levu ; Fij. Yanuca 

Lailai ; (not Anuthalailai). 
Yanutha Levu : pr. Yanudha Levu : E. Viti Levu ; Fij. Yanuca Levu ; 

(not Anutha Levu). 
Yarambale : pr. Yara-mbale: isthmus, s.e. Vanua Levu; prop. Nai 

Yarambale ; Fij. Yarabale ; (not Yarumbale, Salt Lake Isthmus). 
Yaroua : pr. Yaro-ua: Lau Group; (not Aroua, Yam, Yarona). 
Yasawa: pr. Yasa-wa: hill and harbour, n.e. Vanua Levu; (notYsava, 

Assawa). 
Yasawa : pr. Yasawa : island and group, N.W. Viti Levu ; (not Ya Asaua). 
Yasawa-i-Lau : pr. Yasawa-i-Lau : s. Yasawa; (not Asaua-i-Lau, 

Ya-sua-y-lau, Yasawalailai). 
Yasawa Lailai: pr. Yasawa Lailai: N. Yasawa; (not Asaua). 
Yathata : pi'. Yadhata : Lau Group ; Fij. Yacata : form. Cap Island ; 

(not Yeata, Azata). 
Yathiwa: pi'. Yadhiwa: s. Ngau, E. Viti Levu; Fij. Yaciwa; form. 

Cocoanut I. 
Yaukuve : pr. Yaukdve: n.e. Kandavu; form. INIay I.; (not Yankuve). 
Yuvutha: pr. Yiivudha: s.w. Yangasa, Lau Group; Fij. Yuvuca; (not 

Yavutha, Navutu, Abootu). 

Published for the Permanent Committee on Geographical Names by the 

Lii>!jal\icoijrujih\cal Society, Kensington Gore, London, S.W.7. 

Price Sixpence Each. 

FIRST GENERAL LIST OF OCEANIC NAMES (FOREIGN DE- 
PENDENCIES). 

SECOND AND THIRD GENERAL LISTS OF OCEANIC NAMES 
(AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND DEPENDENCIES). 



LONDON: riUNTED BY \VM. CI.OWKS AND SONS, LTD., DDKS STREET, STAMFOKD STREET, S.K.I. 



G Permanent Committee on 

105 Geographical Names ^or British 

P4M Official Use 

1926 First general list o* 

African names Cor-. ed... 



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