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Full text of "First Greek Reader, with Notes and Vocabulary."

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2 74^S7 



Harvard College 
Library 




FROM THE FUND GIVEN BY 

Stephen Salisbury 

Class of 1^17 
OF WORCESTER, MASSACHUSETTS 

For Greek and Latin Literature 



d by Google 



J 



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FIEST GREEK READER 



•WITH NOTES AND VOCABULABY 



JOfflfE.' b! mayor M.A. 

TELLOW OF 8T JOHN'S COLLEOX CAHBSIDOX 



THIBJ) EDITION REVISED 



MACMILLAN AND CO. 

1873 

{All BighU reservedl 

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Mhmkm cotiESE imkwt 

And therefore, we do not eontemne Rewles, lut ve gladlie 
teach Rewles; and teach them, more plainlie, aensiblie, and 
ardedief than they he commordie taught in common Scholes, For 
whan tke- Master shall compare TuUies hooTce with his Scholers 
iranslathn, let tl^e Master, at the first, lead and teach his Scho- 
ler, to joyne the Rewles of his Grammer hoohe, with the examples 
of his present lesson, untiU the Schder, by him selfe, he hable to 
fetch out of his Grammer, everie Rewle, for everie example: So, 
as the Grammar hoohe he ever in the Scholers hand, and also used 
of him, as a Dictionarie, for everie present ttse. This is a lively 
and perfite waie of teaching of Jtewles: where the common waie, 
used in common Scholes, to read the Grammer alone hy it selfe 
is tedious for the Master, hard for the SchoUr, colde and uncom- 
fortable for them hoihe. . 

The Scholemasier, hy Boger Ascbam. 

London, 1863. pp. 4, 5. 



CAMBBIPOl: P&ISTXD BT C. J. CLAT, 1C.A. AT THB VBITIBSITT P&BS8. 

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To THE Rev. 
HENKY WHITEHEAD MOSS, 

HEAD-MASTER OF SHREWSBURY SCHOOL. 

My deab Moss, 

I seize the first opportunity of expressing at 
once loyalty to our common school, and also the con- 
viction that the character won for it by bishop Butler 
and professor Kennedy will be fully maintained under 
your rule. We in college who taught with you, or 
learnt from you, know how much St John's owes to 
your taste and accurate scholarship, and to the lively 
interest which you take in the progress of each indi- 
vidual pupil; and we have already gathered the firstr 
firuits of your new labours. 

The names of Aristophanes, Aristotle, Lucretius, 
Shakespeare, Thucydides, remind the world that Cam- 
bridge Salopians are true to the traditions of their 
youth; the admirable edition of Plato's Apology^ the 
l^cy of the lamented Biddell, shews that at Oxford 
also some are not ashamed to confess that grammatical 

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exactness is the one firm foundation of pHlosopliieal 
and historical criticism. 

Works like these push forward the limits of 
scholarship; this little primer seeks a more modest 
comer on your shelves, content if you, and other 
fiiends and pupils, find your toil in any degree light- 
ened by its use. 

Believe me to be, 
My dear Moss, 

Ever very truly yours, 

JOHN K B. MAYOR 

Caubbidob, 1 May, 1868. 



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TO THE READER. 



[From the First Editioru] 

As a basis of this Header, I have adopted the first 
half of the Griechischea Zesehttch fiir die zwei enten 
Jahre ernes griechischen Lehrcursiu. Rearbeitet van 
Dr. Karl Halm, Sechste Aujlage, Miinchen, 1867. 
From tliis with few exceptions the first ten lines or so 
of each paragraph are {laken. Throughout I have 
compared several other readers^, and borrowed such 
examples as were to my purpose. 

1 Masters may find a Hst of these books useful, ae supplying 
more interesting and varied materials for composition than the 
common exercise-books. (1) Fr. Jacobs, ElemerUarhuch d gr, 
Sprache, ed. J. Classen. 17th ed. Jena, 1869. 8vo.— (2) [Berger], 
Beispielsammtung zu den gr, Qrammatiken v, ButtiMmn u. v, 
RosL 2 pts. 2d. ed. G'dtUngen, 1866.— (3) J. A, Diinnebier, 
Elementarbueh d. gr. Spr. Jena, I860.— (4) Al. Dominions, Gr. 
Elementarbuch. 8rd. ed. CohUmtz, I860.— (6) Friedlein, Or. 
Lesebuch fiar LaUinsckulen. Pt. 1. Bamberg, 1859 ; pt. 2. ibid. 

I860. (6) Karl Schenkl, Gr. ElementarbucK 4th ed. Prag, 

I860. (7) Gaupp u. H(izer, Materialien zur Einiibung der 

gr. Grammatik. Stuttgart, 1857. All these I have used, more or 
less. I have by me also: (8) Feldbausch u. Siipfle, Gr. Ckres- 
tomathU. 7th ed. Leipzig, 1857.— (9) Jul. Kayser, Gr. Lekr- 
UebungS' u. Lesebuch. Darmstadt, 1842.— (10) Gust. Pinzger, 
Elementarwerk der griechischen Sprache. ErsU Cursus. 2d. ed. 
Breslau, 1834.— (11) Hottenrott, Uebungsbuch f. d. ersten Tin- 
terricht in d. gr. Spr. 2 pts. Koki, 1855-7. (12) J. F. W. 
Burchard, Griechisches Elementarbueh. 2d. ed. Berlin, 1849.— 
(13) A. Capelmann, Gr. Elementarbueh. 2 pts. Wien, 1B68-4. 
Nob. 1, 2, 3, 5, will be found most serviceable. 

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vi TO THE READER. 

Thus about half the text was ready to my hand ; 
the remainder I have gleaned in the field of Greek 
Kterature, leaving few authors wholly untouched. 
Aeliau, Plutarch, Diogenes Laertios, Stobaios, Epik- 
tefcos, Antoninus, the Paroimiographoi, the fragments 
of the dramatists (especially of the comic poets, a rich 
vein, very little worked) and of the philosophers, 
Lysias, Isokrates, Plato, Xenophon, have supplied 
the lai'gest number of extracts. For numerals I have 
consulted Euclid; hoc vince led me to Eusebios; 
the construction of Tifi(op(a to Ammonios. 

Kepetition could hardly be avoided when I en- 
countered the same passage in some cases six or eight 
times over, in the original author, in collections of 
fragments, and in the Elementarbuclier, There still 
remain perhaps twelve duplicate sentences, though I 
have spent many hours in weeding out such as I could 
find. The same spear which dealt the wound must 
heal it; I excuse repetition by repeating, to koKov BU 
prjOey ovScv jSXairrci. 

The principles to be observed in elementary books 
seem to be such as these : 

I. Keep the master in view, as much as the pu- 
pils; let each sentence be either new to him, or sug- 
gestive of some heroic act, some noble character, some 
masterpiece of letters or of art, some pregnant law of 
language; let common sayings be traced to their 
source; many a' story, supposed of recent importa- 
tion from the backwoods, is hoary with the dignity 
of 2000 years, and proves once more, that * there 
is nothing new under the sim.* In short, let each 

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TO THE READER. vii 

line, like the oratory of Perikles, 'leave its sting ' in 
the hearers; at least let it convey some information 
not wholly tiiviaL 

Ui Let each sentence be a whoUy intelligible in 
itself; proverbs, words of the wise, anecdotes which 
clothe the skeletons of history with flesh and blood, 
linking contemporaries indissolubly in the memory \ 
choice flowers from the Florilegia; those lofty yvSfuu 
in which the Greek literature is rich beyond all 
thought of rivalry, — ^let these form the staple of the 
feast. Season all with Attic salt of a lower, but not 
less enduring kind, tart homely gibes of Diogenes, 
light touches of Menander's pencil, and the broad fun 
of Hierokles. Who does not recall, after 30 or 40 
years, the oxoXootucos carrying a brick by way of 
sample of his house, apt emblem of our puffing adveiv 
tisements? It is of the last importance never to set- 
before any student a whole too large for him to appre- 
hend in one view. 

By the observance of these two rules you may en- 
sure that a boy who learns Greek only for a week, 
will carry away with him something of real inter- 
est. 

IIL l)o not crowd the memory, but teach one 
thing at a time. For reading this book no syntax 
whatever need be consulted; it is a collection of 
examples in accidence alone. No doubt beginners 
will bring with them from Latin a general knowledge 
(A inflexion, of the concords, and of such terms aa 
objecty^ subject, predicate. No doubt also a good deal 
of syntax is incidentally taught, and Madvig's gram- 

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vui TO TSE READER. 

mars and some other books are cited, for the use of 
masters. But no learner is expected to know more 
of syntax than is contained in the notes and vocabu- 
lary. Beferences to other parts of the book supply 
the place of a grammar, and foster habits of induction 
and comparison. In §§ 1 — 4 all inflected words, not 
belonging to the first declension', are explained in the 
notes; the forma of all such words are in the first 
instance' disregarded. Thus a boy, still innocent of 
the rules for comparison of adjectiyes, may be fami- 
liar with the look and meaning of many comparatiyes 
and superlatiyes; by the time he learns irr^ular 
verbs, he is at home among all ordinary forms of such 
verbs. On the other hand, those who recognise no 
single acquaintance in a long paradigm, are bewildered 
with shyness on plumping down amid a large &imily of 
strangers* 

I would beg for a large amount of time, 2 hours 
a day, for Greek (or sgiy other language) at the 
commencement. By a vigorous onslaught the acci- 
dence and easy syntax may be carried, and a certain 
fluency of translation won, within the first year. 
For instance if I were taking a boy through this book, 
I would read the whole 165 pages in 6 months. 
Schoolmasters of experience inform me, what my own 

1 Feminine adjectives, declined after this declension, are 
treated as belonging to it, e,g,it9, boy finds rtjrpfif, be knows 
tbat it is gen. of TtK/xi, wbich be will find under rur/wf , cf, ^, 
in the Vocabulary. 

3 Afterwards, upon revision or examination, the boy may 
of course be required to know as much of tbe accidence of 
tbese early sections, as of tbe latest which he has learnt. 

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TO THE READER. ix 

obiervatlon confirms, that few boys noir acquire a 
Greek vocabolaiy of any range; a boj rapidly carried 
through so much Greek as is here closely packed to- 
gether, can scarcely £sul to remember most of the com- 
mon words. 

lY. Even accidence by itself where so varied at 
the Greek is, chokes the learner if hastily gobbled. 
Ignorance of gender and of the forms of irregular 
nouns and verbs too often prevails even among men 
who have read much of the best authors. Here as 
^sewhere the first step to amendment must be a con- 
fession of the inherent difficulties of the case. No 
one Greek verb has all the tenses which appear in 
the full paradigm; many of the commonest verbs 
adopt, instead of a passive of their own, neuter verbs 
of alien origin; some verbs take each several group of 
tenses from a dififerent root. Add the numberless 
dialectic variations of verbs and nouns and pronouns, 
and it is evident that we cannot rely on tables of 
accidence^ alone, committed bodily to memory. Some 
advance has been made of late years; boys have less 
to unlearn; no one probably is now taught, as I 
was in Camden's (the Westminster) grammar, that all 
verbs (except a few defectiva) have 2 aorists and 2 
futures in every voice (3 futures in the passive). 

Another great step will be gained when scholars 
shall agree to teach Attic Greek, chiefly Attic prose, 
in the first instance, reserving authors, early or 

1 The Qreeh for beginners of my brother, Mr. J. B. Mayor, 
may be studied pari passu mth this Reader, or as an introduc- 
tion to it. 

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X TO THE READER. 

later, who write in any other dialect, for more advanced 
«t«Amia Many rf tKe best extracts in this book are 
ffcom ^^Ti^n^ Fhitarch, Polybioe, etc nor conld I dis- 
pon witJl tJbem; bnt I Imltc corrected their Greek 
thron^MHit;, sibstitntrng Attic i(X Hell«iistic forms ; 
tdift mfastnut sdbrtantiTes, which grate upon deUcate 
Hflrrea haro jrtrai plaice to the participles, adjectives 
etBL which filled their r«» b^xe the dissolution of 
the language; angle w«ds tcfsdre^css the sense 
^irfiick Aeiiaa in particolar dihitesinkiigpOTphrases- 
aaA a word as ««rr«« is .Bc^wed 110 other passive 
^i«iiinA«« So-e few late w«ds,fitde likely to 
liUBleai haTebe««t»rf,«« «*^ ^^*" ^ 

fer ^ X- r^— '"•. ,,,,^ «« «d metre; 
4«>IWH 5:c coM^ = J^: .. ^ .^ OAet foretold 




- ** ^"r^SIltoiil «ne ^«««8 of 



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TO THE READER. xi 

tn determining the authority of rival forms I have 
used Buttmann's and Kriiger^s grammars; the Paris 
Steplianua; G. Traut, Lexikon fiber die Formen def 
^Griechischen Verba, Gtessen, 1867; the two series of 
LecHones and other works of Cobet, whose wit and 
flowing Latinity enliven the driest details of accidence; 
Pape's Worterbuch der gr. Eigennamen^; above all 
Veitch's Catalogvs of Irregular Verb8\ Any one 
who may be ambitious of doing service to Greek 
learning can scarcely be better employed than in 
gleaning the scattered ears which have escaped all 
these keen eyes. 

In my notes, as in the text, I have aimed at the 
pupil through the master, once or twice releasing 
somewhat lengthened observations which have long 
chafed in captivity. Halm's remarks, so £skr as they 
Vent, I have adopted, modified, or rejected, at discre- 
tion. In compiling the Yocabulaiy I have had 
liddell-and-Scott and Pape continually, Kost-and^ 
Palm tuid Stephanus occasionally, under my eye* 
Words which occur but once, if explained in the 
notes, will not be found in the Vocabulary at alL I 

1 2€L ed. Braonschweig, 1850. For the letters A— 11 1 have 
nsed the third ed., very largely increased by G. E. Benseler, 
ibid. 1863, 6, 7. 

> Second ed. Oxf. 1866. 8vo. Mr V. says : 'I feel grateful 
to the Delegates of the Clarendon Press for their scholarly 
generosity in bringing out this book, so little fitted to engage 
tiie favonr of the trade/ Of the many valuable works with 
which Oxford has of late strengthened the hands of teachers, 
none is the result of more devoted labour than this. Its author, 
like Dr. Adams luid Sir W. Hamilton, proves that Scotland in 
the 19th century remembers the traditions of Hen. Scrimger, 
Buchanan and Buddiman. 

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xa TO THE READER, 

have often given cognate roots from Latin or modem 
languages, and modern deriyatives, and have again 
and again noted that forms of different oHgin have 
in use become parts of one and the same verb. "We 
say fero, ttUi, KJyipo), otcro), rjveyKa, and ought to apply 
the same principle to all like cases. 

The pupil should be required to learn the Notes 
and Vocabulary as an integi*al part of his work. 
After the lesson for the day has been parsed and 
construed, set a few exercises with the same words 
differently arranged^: e.g. The boy who knows the 
first two sentences of § 1 has the key of the sentence^ 
^iXiag ptCd coTtv 1^ 6fio<f>po(Tvvrj, and can give this 
Greek if given the English, and vice versa. Again, 
having the words 6p.o4>po(Tvvri <l>iXCav Trotet given, he 
ought when asked, * What is that which is produced by 
6fio<l>po<TvvrjV to answer at once, <^tXia'. So fax the 
r/eading is statari/, and to a beginner laborious. To 
awaken his interest and carry him briskly on, the last 
quarter of an hour should be allotted to cwrsory 
reading. 

Let the boys read the Greek on a page some 5 or 
6 sheets beyond the lesson of the day ; let the master 
examine them in aU words of which they already know 
the form or meaning, and then himself read the 
Greek, so teaching in a quiet way quantity and 

^ It would take too mnoh time to describe the Methode 
Toussaint-LangemcheidU But those who care to procure a 
prospectus and specimen (Berlin, Hartmann) will find many 
iiints. useful to the student of ancient languages. 

^ After a while these questions n^ay be asked in Greek. 

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TO TEE READER. xiu 

Iambic metre; lastly let him read oat the English \ 
Choice passages of verse, proverbs and whatever ia 
most likely to rivet the attention, maj be learnt bj 
heart OccasionaUy an English metrical version maj 
be reqiiired. When the boys have advanced some 
little way in the book, they may be practbed in read- 
ing ofiT into English at sight what they have learnt 
in earlier lessons'. Thus they will get a footing 
in regions of Greek literature which even well-read 
scholars now seldom explore; their first course in 
Greek will supplement their higher reading in school 
and university. They whose eye can follow a chain 
of argument, the march of history, the catastrophe of 
a poem, are naturally impatient of discontinuous ex^ 
tracts; it is economy and just order t6 set the 

1 Compare Boger Ascham's humane policy (Sckolemaster 2, 
3) : * After the three Concordances learned, as I touched before, 
let the master read nnto hym the Epistles of Cicero, gathered 
togither and chosen out by SturmitUt for the capacitie of 
db^dren. 

First, let him teach the childe, cherefollie and plainlie, the 
cause, and matter of the letter : then, let him construe it into 
Englishe, so oft, as the ehilde may easilie carie awaie the un- 
derstanding of it : Lastlie, parse it oyer perfitlie. This done 
thus, let the ehilde, by and by, both construe and parse it oyer 
againe : so, that it may appeare, that the ehilde douteth in 
nothing, thiat his master taught him before. After this, the 
ehilde must take a paper booke, and sitting in some place, 
where no man shall prompe him, by him self, let him translate 
into Englishe his former lesson. Then shewing it to his 
master, let the master take from him his latin booke, and 
pausing an houre, at the least, then let the ehilde translate 
his owne Englishe into latin againe, in an other paper booke. 
"When the ehilde bringeth it, turned into latin, the master 
must compare it with Tulliea booke, and laie them botii 
togither.* 

^ See in Gibbon's Autobiography how he recovered a know- 
ledge of Latin, reyising each day the tasks of preyioos days. 

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xiv TO TEE READER. 

fragments of ancient learning before those who can 
as yet only digest fragments. 

Afler the first elements have been mastered, the 
pupil may pass to Phaedms and Kepos, to Aesop and 
Lncian; for he feels a pride in attacking an entire work 
for the first time. But Anthologies, which open be- 
fore him views of the whole field of letters, and, if well 
selected, draw his steps insensibly on, should supply 
the bulk of his reading, till he has an effective voca- 
bulary at command. The Latin and Greek series of 
Fr. Jacobs had no little share in the creation of 
that classical school which is the boast of Germany. 

On one point, in which our scholarship seems 
clearly at fault, I have touched in § 146 n. 15. It 
Ls time to obey the call of Kidd * : Apage ergo ista 
mficeta aaeculi decimi et qtuarti additamenta. He is in- 
deed speaking only of the false quantities committed 
upon the vulgar names of the vowels E, O, Y, 1), but he 
might have said nearly the same of those names rightly 
pronounced; certainly they were wholly unknown to 
the ancients, and it has been lately proved*, that the 
termination ^iXov is opposed, not to haxrv (as smooth 
to aspirate), but to ^C<t>6oyyov ; for instance, the ques- 
tion is asked, *how, whereas yaia is written with a di- 
phthong, yecaXo^v, its conlpound^ comes to be written 

r 

1 Dawes, MUc, Cnt (Lond. 1827), 36. Cf. 33—37, 230—236, 
630, 631. 

' By K. E. A. Schmidt, BeitrHge zur Geschichte der Gram- 
matik des Griechischen und des Lateinischen, HaUCj 1859, art. ii; 
pp. 61 — 79, Die Benennungen der griechUchen Btmhstdben* 

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TO THE READER. xv 

with the ha/re E^T So iccvos is opposed to icoivos, the 
one being written Sta tov c ^iXov, the other Sid t^s oi 
&<^oyyov. Y was distinguished from 01 in the same 
manner; and sometimes from EI, H, I, YI. We need 
no other proof that the names EpaUon and Upsilon 
first appeared in dajrs when the vowel sounds were 
confused. There would be no difficulty in returning 
to the ancient names of these vowels, especially as i 
and Z would bear the same names that they do in 
English. Sacred associations may plead for Omega, 
yet Prudentius sang 

'A\<pa et cognominatns, ipse fons et claasnlA 
OTTminm, quae sunt, fueront, quaeqae post yetitura sunt; 

and Patdinus, 

"AX^a itidem mihi Christns et 0. 

So Luther has A und 0; whence Goethe (xv. 51. 
xviii. 20 : ed. in 40 vols.) 

Und seid von Herzen froh, 
Das ist das A und 0. 



The second edition has been revised throughout^ 
and every cyoss reference verified. At the suggestion 
of many schoolmasters the price has been lowered, I 
have to thank E. Calvert, Esq. of Shrewsbury, a 
teaclier of much experience, for several suggestions. 

Caubbidob, 28 Oct, 1869. 

1 Schol. Theokr. i 12 v(3s rrjf 70/ttf Sii>0OYyoyfM4>ovfUinp 
ifiKoypa<pcLTai rb yeu\o4>oy ; 

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vi TO THE READER, 

Thus about half the text was ready to my hand ; 
the remainder I have gleaned in the field of Greek 
Kterature, leaving few authors wholly untouched. 
Aeliau, Plutarch, Diogenes Laertios, Stobaios, Epik- 
tetos, Antoninus, the Paroimiographoi, the fragments 
of the dramatists (especially of the comic poets, a rich 
vein, very little worked) and of the philosophers, 
Lysias, Isokrates, Plato, Xenophon, have supplied 
the lai'gest number of extracts. For numerals I have 
consulted Euclid • hoc vince led me to Eusebios ; 
the construction of rt/Awpu) to Ammonios. 

Repetition could hardly be avoided when I en- 
countered the same passage in some cases six or eight 
times over, in the original author, in collections of 
fragments, and in the Elementarhiicher, There still 
remain perhaps twelve duplicate sentences, though I 
have spent many hours in weeding out such as I could 
find. The same spear which dealt the wound must 
heal it; I excuse repetition by repeating, to koXov 8is 
prjOfv ovSev ^XaTrrcL, 

The principles to be observed in elementary books 
aeem to be such as these : 

I. Keep the master in view, as much as the pu- 
pils; let each sentence be either new to him, or sug- 
gestive of some heroic act, some noble character, some 
masterpiece of letters or of art, some pregnant law of 
language; let common sayings be traced to their 
source; many a' story, supposed of recent importa- 
tion from the backwoods, is hoary with the dignity 
of 2000 years, and proves once more, that * there 
is nothing new under the sim.' In short, let each 

Digitized by Google 



TO THE READER. vii 

fin^ like the oratory of Perikles, 'leave its sting' in 
thid hearers; at least let it eonvey some information 
not wholly tiiviaL 

Ub Let each sentence be a whoUy intelligible in 
itself; proverbs, words of the wise, anecdotes which 
clothe the skeletons of history with flesh and blood, 
linking contemporaries indissolubly in the memory ; 
choice flowers from the FlorUegia; those lofty yvwfiai 
in which the Greek literatore is rich beyond all 
thought of rivalry, — ^let these form the staple of the 
feast. Season all with Attic salt of a lower, but not 
less enduring kind, tart homely gibes of Diogenes, 
light touches of Menander*s pencil, and the broad fan 
of Hierokles. Who does not recall, after 30 or 40 
years, the crxoXaoTiKos carrying a brick by way of 
sample of his house, apt emblem of our puffing advei^ 
tisementsi It is of the last importance never to set- 
before any student a whole too large for him to appre- 
hend in one view* 

By the observance of these two rules you may en- 
sure that a boy who learns Greek only for a week, 
will carry away with him something of real inter- 
est. 

IIL l)o not crowd the memory, but teach one 
thing at a time. For reading this book no syntax 
whatever need be consulted; it is a collection of 
exiunples in accidence alone. No doubt beginners 
will bring with them from Latin a general knowledge 
o[ inflexion, of the concords, and of such terms as 
object^ mbject, predicate. No doubt also a good deal 
of syntax is incidentally taught, and Madvig's gram- 

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viii TO THE READER. 

mars and some other books are cited, for the use of 
masters. But no learner is expected to know more 
of syntax than is contained in the notes and vocabu- 
lary. References to other parts of the book supply 
the place of a grammar, and foster habits of induction 
and comparison. In §§ 1 — 4 all inflected words, not 
belonging to the first declension \ are explained in the 
notes; the forma of all such words are in the first 
instance' disregarded. Thus a boy, still innocent of 
the rules for comparison of adjectives, may be fami- 
liar with the look and meaning of many comparatives 
and superlatives; by the time he leams irregular 
verbs, he is at home among all ordinary forms of such 
verbs. On the other hand, those who recognise no 
single acquaintance in a long paradigm, are bewildered 
with shyness on plumping down amid a large flEimily of 
strangers. 

I would beg for a large amount of time, 2 hours 
a day, for Greek (or j^y other language) at the 
commencement. By a vigorous onslaught the acci- 
dence and easy syntax may be carried, and a certain 
fluency of translation won, within the first year. 
For instance if I were taking a boy through this book, 
I would read the whole 165 pages in 6 months. 
Schoolmasters of experience inform me, what my own 

1 Feminine adjectives, declined after this declension, are 
treated as belonging to it, £. ^. if a boy finds viKpSLs^ he Imows 
that it is gen. of icucpd^ whidi he will find under xtx/x^f, (£, iSi*, 
in the Yocabnlary. 

* Afterwards, upon revision or examination, the boy may 
of course be required to know as much of the accidence of 
these early sectionB, as of the latest which he has learnt. 

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TO THE READER. ix 

obeervation confirms, that few boys now acquire a 
Greek vocabulary of any range; a boy rapidly carried 
tlirough so much Greek as is here closely packed to- 
gether, can scarcely £ul to remember most of the com- 
mon words. 

IV. Even accidence by itself where so varied at 
the Greek is, chokes the learner if hastily gobbled. 
Ignorance of gender and of the forms of irregular 
nouns and verbs too often prevails even among men 
who have read much of the best authors. Here as 
^ewhere the first step to amendment must be a con- 
fession of the inherent difficulties of the case. No 
one Greek verb has all the tenses which appear in 
the full paradigm; many of the commonest verbs 
adopts instead of a passive of their own, neutei* verbs 
of alien origin; some verbs take each several group of 
tenses from a different root. Add the numberless 
dialectic variations of verbs and nouns and pronouns, 
and it is evident that we cannot rely on tables of 
accidence^ alone, committed bodily to memory. Some 
advance has been made of late years; boys have less 
to unlearn; no one probably is now taught, as I 
was in Camden's (the Westminster) grammar, that all 
verbs (except a few defectiva) have 2 aorists and 2 
futures in every voice (3 futures in the passive). 

Another great step will be gained when scholars 
shall agree to teach Attic Greek, chiefly Attic prose, 
in the first instance, reserving authors, early or 

1 The Greek for beginners of my brother, Mr. J. B. Mayor, 
may be studied pari patsu with this RecLder, or as an introduo- 
tion to it. 

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it . TO THE READEit. 

late^, who write in any other dialect, for more advanced 
students. Many of the best extracts in this book are 
from Aelian, Plutarch, Polybios, etc. nor could I dis- 
pense with them ; but I have corrected their Greek 
throughout, substituting Attic for Hellenistic forms ; 
the abstract substantives, which grate upon delicate 
nerves, have given place to the participles, adjectives 
etc. which filled their room before the dissolution of 
the language; single words tersely express the sense 
which Aelian in particular dilutes in long periphrases ; 
such a word as airoKrtlvai is allowed no other passive 
than aTToBavtiv, Some few late words, little likely to 
mislead, have been retained, but are noted as late ia 
th6 Vocabulary. 

Here and there I have introduced what I believe 
to be true readings of corrupt passages; e.g. in Apo- 
stolios VII 20 I read Ivos x**''*^'^*'^ fx€TaK€xrjy€v arcpos 
for €. x» fJieriarxfli^^ o.t> The alteration is very slight, 
AKeyHN for ccxhk; it restores sense and metres 
rhythm and reason ; and it adds (what Cobet foretold 
would be found in the collections of proverbs) a new 
verse to the comic fragments, as well as a new word 
to the dictionaries. 



1 Excepting of course the New Testament. See H. H* 
Almond, Mr Lowers educational theories examined (Edinb. 1868, 
p. 26): *The other "utility" of a knowledge of Greek which 
I shall mention, is the power it gives of reading the Greek Testa^ 
ment» If you want to teach a boy to read accurately, ob^ 
servahtly, and critically, if you wish to introduce him to the 
most perfect specimen of artless and graphic narrative, of 
simple and eloquent discourse, let him read the Greek Testa- 
ment.* Twice or thrice only have I admitted epic verses of 
unusual intrinsic excellence or grammatically impoitant. 



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TO THE READER. xi 

In delennining the authority of rival forms I have 
used Buttmann's and Kriiger's grammars; the Paris 
Stephanus; G. Traut, Lexicon iiber die Formen det 
Vriechischen Verba. Gieaaen, 1867; the two series of 
Lectiones and other works of Cobet, whose wit and 
flowing Latinity enliven the driest details of accidence; 
Pape's W'&rterhich der gr, Eigennamen^; above all 
Teitch's Catalogue of Irregular Verba*. Any one 
who may be ambitious of doing service to Greek 
learning can scarcely be better employed than in 
gleaning the scattered ears which have escaped all 
these keen eyes. 

In my notes, as in the text, I have aimed at the 
pupil through the master, once or twice releasing 
somewhat lengthened observations which have long 
chafed in captivity. Halm^s remarks, so far as they 
Vent, I have adopted, modified, or rejected, at discre- 
tion. In compiling the Vocabulaiy I have had 
liddell-and-Scott and Pape continually, Kost-and^ 
Palm und Stephanus occasionally, under my eye* 
Words which occur but once, if explained in the 
notes, will not be found in the Vocabulary at all. I 

1 2d. ed. Braunschweig, 1850. For the letters A— 11 1 have 
used the third ed., very largely increased by G. E. Benseler, 
md. 1863, 6, 7. 

2 Second ed. Oxf. 1866. 8vo. Mr V. says : *I feel grateful 
to the Delegates of the Clarendon Press for their scholarly 
generosity in bringing out this book, so little fitted to engage 
the favoxur of the trade.' Of the many valuable works with 
which Oxford has of late strengthened the hands of teachers, 
none is the result of more devoted labour than this. Its author, 
like Dr. Adams and Bir W. Hamilton, proves that Scotland in 
the 19tii century remembers the traditions of Hen. Scrimger, 
Buchanan and Buddiman. 

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xa TO THE READER, 

have often given cognate roots from Latin or modem 
languages, and modern derivatives, and have again 
and again noted that forms of different origin have 
in use become parts of one and the same verb. "We 
say ferOy tiUi, <l>ip(a, otcro), ^rcyxa, and ought to apply 
the same principle to all like cases. 

The pupil should be required to learn the Notes 
and Vocabulary as an integi*al part of his work. 
After the lesson for the day has been parsed and 
construed, set a few exercises with the same words 
differently arranged^: e.g. The boy who knows the 
first two sentences of § 1 has the key of the sentence^ 
^iXcag pC^a iarlv oj 6fio<lypo<rvv7), and can give this 
Greek if given the English, and vice versa. Again, 
having the words ofJLOKJypoavvrf KJyikCav Trotet given, he 
ought when asked, * What is that which is produced by 
ofioKJypoavvrjV to answer at once, <^tA.ta'. So far the 
reading is atatary, and to a beginner laborious. To 
awaken his interest and carry him briskly on, the last 
quarter of an hour should be allotted to cv/rsory 
reading. 

Let the boys read the Greek on a page some 5 or 
6 sheets beyond the lesson of the day ; let the master 
examine them in aU words of which they already know 
the form or meaning, and then himself read the 
Greek, so teaching in a quiet way quantity and 

^ It would take too much time to describe the Methode 
Toussaint-Langemcheidt, But those who care to procure a 
prospectus and specimen (Berlin, Hartmann) will find many 
hints, useful to the student of ancient languages. 

^ After a while these questions n^ay be asked in Gre^k. 

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TO THE READER. xiu 

Iambic metre; lastly let him read out the English \ 
Choice passages of verse, proverbs and whatever ia 
most likelj to rivet the attention, maj be learnt bj 
heart. OccasionaUy an English metrical version maj 
be required. When the boys have advanced some 
little way in the book, they may be practised in read- 
ing off into English at sight what they have learnt 
in earlier lessons*. Thus they will get a footing 
in regions of Greek literature which even well-read 
scholars now seldom explore; their first course in 
Greek will supplement their higher reading in school 
and university. They whose eye can follow a chain 
of argument, the march of history, the catastrophe of 
a poem, are naturally impatient of discontinuous ex- 
tracts; it is economy and just order t6 set the 

1 Compare Boger Ascham's humane policy (Scholemaster 2, 
8) : * After the three Concordances learned, as I touched before, 
let the master read unto hym the Epistles of Cicero, gathered 
togither and chosen out by SturmitUf for the capacitie of 
children. 

First, let him teach the childe, cherefallie and plainlie, the 
cause, and matter of the letter : then, let him construe it into 
Englishe, so oft, as the childe may easilie carie awaie the un- 
derstanding of it : Lastlie, parse it oyer perfitlie. This done 
thus, let the childe, by and by, both construe and parse it over 
againe : so, that it may appeare, that the childe douteth in 
nothing, that his master taught him before. After this, the 
childe must take a paper booke, and sitting in some place, 
where no man shall prompe him, by him self, let him translate 
into Englishe his former lesson. Then shewing it to his 
master, let the master take from him his latin booke, and 
pausing an houre, at the least, then let the childe translate 
his owne En^she into latin againe, in an other paper booke. 
TThen the childe bringeth it, turned into latin, the master 
must compare it with Tulliea booke, and laie them both 
togither.' 

* See in Gibbon*s Autobiography how he recovered a know- 
ledge of Latin, revising each day the tasks of preyious days. 

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xiv TO TEE READER, 

fragments of ancient learning before those who can 
as yet only digest fragments. 

After the first elements have been mastered, the 
pupil may pass to Phaedms and Nepos, to Aesop and 
Lucian; for he feels a pride in attacking an entire work 
for the first time. But Anthologies, which open be- 
fore him views of the whole field of letters, and, if well 
selected, draw his steps insensibly on, should supply 
the bulk of his reading, till he has an effective voca- 
bulary at command. The Latin and Greek series of 
Fr. Jacobs had no little share in the creation of 
that classical school which is the boast of Germany. 

On one point, in which our scholarship seems 
clearly at fault, I have touched in § 146 n. 15. It 
is time to obey the call of Kidd * : A page ergo ista 
inficeta saeculi decimi et qtuarti additamenta. He is in- 
deed speaking only of the false quantities committed 
upon the vulgar names of the vowels E, O, Y, 1), but he 
might have said nearly the same of those names rightly 
pronounced; certainly they were wholly unknown to 
the ancients, and it has been lately proved*, that the 
termination xlriXov is opposed, not to hacrv (as smooth 
to aspirate), but to U<^Ooyyov', for instance, the ques- 
tion is asked, 'how, whereas yaia is written with a di^ 
phthong, yc<tf\o<^ov, its conIpound> comes to be written 



1 Dawes, MUc, Cnt (Lond. 1827), 36. Cf. 83—37, 230—236, 
630, 631. 

' By K. E. A. Schmidt, Beitr&ge zur Getehichte der Gram-' 
matik des Qriechischen und des Lateinischen, HalUy 1869, art. ii; 
pp. 01 — 79, Die Benennungen der griechUchen Btmhstaben, 



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TO THE READER. xv 

with the hare E^T So iccvos is opposed to icaivac, the 
one being written Sai rov c ^tXov, the other Sid rrj^ ax 
&^oyyov. Y was distinguished from 01 in the same 
manner; and sometimes from EI, H, I, YI. We need 
no other proof that the names EpsUon and Upsilon 
first appeared in da3rs when the vowel sounds were 
confused. There would be no difficulty in returning 
to the ancient names of these vowels, especially as i 
and Z would bear the same names that they do in 
English. Sacred associations may plead for Omega, 
yet Prudentius sang 

'AX^a et oognominatns, ipse fons et claasnlA 
omnium, quae sunt, fueront, quaeque post yetitura sunt; 

and Paulinus, 

"AX^a itidem mihi Christns et 0. 

So Luther has A und 0; whence Goethe (xv. 51. 
xviiL 20 ; ed. in 40 vols.) 

Und seid von Herzen froh, 
Das ist das A nnd 0. 



The second edition has been revised throughout^ 
and every cyoss reference verified. At the suggestion 
of many schoolmasters the price has been lowered. I 
have to thank E. Calvert, Esq. of Shrewsbury, a 
teaclier of much experience, for several suggestions. 

€AMBBn>aB, 28 Oct., 1869. 
^ Schol. Theokr. i 12 vus rrjs 70/ttf Si^doyyoypa^v/Umft 

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xvi TO THE READER, 

In the third edition I have again revised every 
line. R. Hurst, Esq., head-master of Cavendish gram- 
mar school, who has used the book from beginning 
to end in his class, has kindly pointed out many 
omissions in the vocabulary. I shall be very grateful 
to any teacher or learner who will enable me to 
correct any oversights, or to supply any defects, in 
text, notes or vocabulary. 

J.E.B.M. 

Cambridge, 10 Jan, 1873. 



To p. 222 § 132 n. 9 add: the tnsks of the Ealydonian 
boar at Tegea (Lucian ady. indoot. 14); bones of Ge- 
ryones at Thebes, ourls of Isis at Memphis (ibid.); the 
lyre of Orpheus (ibid. 11, 12). Warton-Hazlitt i 19 n. (the 
bridal bed of Jason and Medeia at Eolohis schol. Apoll. 
Kh. 17 121; the stone moved by Euthymos, the footprints of 
Herakles, and of the horses of Castor and Pollnx), 21 n. (the 
sandal of Perseus, 2 cubits in length, Hdt. ii 91), 67 n. (the 
Penates at LaTinium DH. i 67). Mart, vn 19 a plank of the 
Argo. Pans, vn 19 § 6 — 20 § 2 image of Dionysos at Patrai, 
the work of Hephaistos, brought from Troy. ib. in 16 § 7 
image of Tauric Artemis at Sparta, brought by Orestes. The 
uerofa alba in pickle Varr. r. r. n 4. Jacobson on diem. ep. i 
11 fimom Jobi, Lot's wife, the oak of Mamre. Chaucer's Par- 
doner carries in his wallet the Virgin Mary's veil and part of 
the sail of St Peter's ship. See mdm. de I'acad. des inscr. vi 84. 



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FIRST GREEK READER. 
L 

FIRST DECLENSION. 

§ 1. ITify^ icol pi^a KaXo/cijaOia^ iariv^ tj 
vcuSela. — *Ofio<f>poirvvTi if>iKl(w irotel*. — Ami 
ofjLovoia^ KoX dvBpeux^ rj iXcvdepla ^trXarrerai'. — 
^AmXXoi>p rffv Kidapav koL rfjv fjLovfn/cf^ i^€vp€P*. 

— Tlv6arf6pa^ rfjv /jUOffp fM,via<; fieXirrfv ixoKei*, «— 
UKovto^ fAoKKov* KaKui^ fj KcCKo/c&yadla^ vTnjpenf^ 
iarlif. — 'O a^Hf)6^ i^vx^ ayei,^ iv rcu^ a'UfJL(l>opa!k. 

— ^I<roKpdrfj^ iri/cpcof^ ovofidl^ei* rfj^ 'ircuSeia^ rfjv 
pi^(w. — *H Tvyri iravroiai^ /jLerajSoXat^^^ j^aipei^K 

— *H a'Oi)<f>poavvtf iarlv iy/cpareia fjSovoiv koI e7r«* 
Ovfiioiv. — OuSei/" ioTiv ovre rexyt) apev /icXeny?, 
oirre fieKenf avev reyyri^, — Tlaaa hn<rTrifiri avev 
huecuoavvfj^ xal 7^9 aXXiy? dperfj^ iravovpyiaj ov 
iTO(f>La if>aw€Tcu^. — Koivcovia iarl xal cnroi/S^ 
Kol watSia^ rh ovfiTroa-iov, — 'O XoXnp iKOrw 

1 

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2 FIRST DECLENSION. 

— *H T&v Aiyirrrritov^ ^ea *I<r*9 clx^v* ifj/ireipiav 
T^9 larpVKrj^ €7rurrr}firj<;, — 'AwiJSa? iv <t>vyfj irapa 
Jlpovaia aTriOavev* ip r^ ^lOwia. — 'AXefai/Spo? 
TTjv iraTpwav dp^v irapa irokv^ i^€TeiP€v\ — 
' AT/)eu9 rrfv iv 'Mvkt]vcu<;'' ^aaiXeiav el^ei/'. — ^Avd- 
')(ap<TV<; 6 Xfcvdrj^ ifc Sfcv0la<; el^ ^AOijva^ a^Uero^ 
iiriOviMia' T^9 ^EK\r}pucrj<i TraLSeia^. — T^vpiiriSou 
rov TTOLrjTov rf fiia-oyvvia Trept^Sor/TO? iartp, — Zev<i 
fierd ^poPT&p Kal darpaTr&p irapd rrjp 'Zep.^Xtji/ 
IK€^^, — Xaipe^^, cS Bvpoara rrja-Be 7^9. — 'H /jl€p 
iraiBeia irrfffi tt}^ ao^la^y t) ie aphpeia pi^a 7^9 
d6^7)<; ear IV. - — 'H Se fiaypla fidXccrr^ dZeXcf)^ t^9 

TTOPTJpla^ €<f)V^^. 

§ 3. ^ K\A^aphpo<;^ 'EXePTfp iic 'Xiraprq^ ripira- 
o-€P^» — 'O Ev(j)pdTT}<;^ irorapm eh rrjp epvGpop 
OaXcuTcap i^epeir/erat*. — ^irapTvcuTaL^ aurypov^ 
fjp €K /ia;j^9 ^XTfeiv^. — ®dp.vpi<; Movaai^ irepl 
(xovaLicrj^ rjpia-ep''. — ALOjwao^ 6 XefieXrj^; itol^ ip 
Nucri; VTTO twp T^vfi<}>oop dp€Tpi(f>€ToK — T97J/ y}rv)(7}p 
irmBela /cocfiei^, — ^ ApiareiSrj^; evaefieia koX BiKav- 
^ ocrvpTj Kal ^c\ap0pco7rla Bti(f>€p€P^^. — MapBopio^ 
Tlipa-r}^, 'Sep^ov Kr}B€aTfj<;, Bed rrjp dpBpeiap fjud- 
kca-Ta^^ idavfia^ero^^ irapd Tol<i Jlipa-cu^, — KaX- 
Xicop^ fjp ^Appi^a rj jpdfirj^ '^irep rj Tvyrj. — *H 
T€%W7 TOP Te'xyivqp rp€<p€V^\ — "^ari^ rov fcpiTOv 
TrJ9 0/07^9 dTre)(e<T6at}^. — 'Ei^ 'K.eXaipal^ rjaap 
irrfyal rov Mapavov, — O* pavrat ro) 0oppa 
Ovovaip^^. 

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\ 



N 



FIRST DECLENSION. 3 

§ 4. Zev9 iic T^9 Ke<l>aX7J<; rrjp ^Kdrivav ereKeK 

— Trjv re/CTOViK^v Te)(vr)V *A0i]va irpoadTrrovai*. 

— <&a<rt9 irorafw^ ioTC t^9 Ko\%t/c^9 7^9. — 'H 
^A-rrucfj ycopa Trj<; ^A67)va<; iKplOrj^ — At iKacu 
T^9 *AOrjvw;* iepal fjaav. — AaKparrj^ 6 0^j9alo9 
ev Tal<; fjud^at^ \eovT7Jv i<f>6pei,^. — 'H fiev ^Iodplk^ 
<f>ikoao<j>ia airo @aXov rjp^aTo^, ^ 8' 'IraXt/Cj) diro 
HvOaryopov. — At Iepal iXdav t^9 *AOrjvd^j ai iv 
T^ ^ABrjvwv dfcpOTTokei,'^ , fiopiau ifcaXovvTO^ — Ae- 
yovaiv^ 'Epfifjv TraXaioTpa<; evperfjv yeyovivac^^ — 
Ot KiXrai rd^ 0vpa^ tSp oIkioov ovSeTTore Kkfjox}' 
aip^^. — Stoop ip ^AOrjpai^ diro rcop ypa<f>oop iroi^ 
KiXfjp^ opofid^ovcrcp^, — lEtVpCTTiSi]^ i]p fJLaOrjTrj^ 
*Apa^ar/6pov, — HepoKpdTT)^ t^9 r}p,epa^ &pap fiiap 
diripefie " rfj aicoTr^, — Ot ^Epfuu dxcoXoi " rjcap. 



II. 

SECOND DECLENSION 

§ 5. Uepia etrrl rponrov ZiZdaicaKo^i, — Ti 
CKrJTTTpop avfil3o\6p ioTi Bvpaa-Teui^. — IIXoiJt^ 
airia-ret^ — N€tXo9 7roTa/to9 icTC t^9 Atryiirrov. 
— Tat9 7;Soj/at9 dKoXovdovo't* ttopol koI \xhrat,. — 
%€pa7r€V€Tcu^ Tj '^fnrxr/ KaXoX(; \670t9. — Ot ao^ol 
Kpiirrova-L* rd^ oUeia^ /S\ay3a9. — Aihrac dvOpoi^ 
Tot9 pccrou^ TLKTOV(np\ — 'AXe^ai/S/909 cttI Tpapucco 
iKpoLTTjae^ Tov<; JIip<ra^. — Zev^ Se(77roTi79 vp t&p 
6em Kol r£p dpOpchrcap. — KaXoi/ cota Tot9 iyx^' 
ptot9 pofioi^ eireaOai'. — Ot ^AOrjpoLOC dearal pXp 

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,9 



4 SECOND . DECLENSION. 

r&v Xoy<0v iyivovro^ cucpoaraX Se r&v epycov. — 'O 
X6709 '^XO^ etScoiXov ioTiv, — 'O Zevft? i7rolf)<r€P 
^VmroKevravpov avaTpe^ovaav^^ iratZUo 'IwiroKev- 
ravpoo SLSufMo, KOfjuiZfj vrjwio). — Ot a-o^tOToL a/yyu- 
plSiov Kol 'XpvclZiov TOP irkovrov airoKaKoviTLv^^. 

§ 6. Ki)/309 iir\ Tov aZehj^v ^Apra^ip^v arpor- 
relav hroiriaaro^. — Ta KoKa epya iiraivov ioTiv* 
a^uL — 'Ei/ ^AkiKappaa^ Ta Ttj<; "KapUif; fiaatXeta 
^i/". — Aifivrj arfpltov drjpicov ifKriBvei*. — 'H *Ii^- 
8t/ci) %(w/)a S^TTou? KapTTois Kaff eicaarov iviavrov 
€Kil>€p€L\ — *AXi^avSpo^ dTrodvTJaKODv' TlepSiKKa^ 
TOV Sa/CTvTuov aTre&o/cei/'. — *Hpa/c\^9 poiraKov KaX 
Xeovrfjv i<f)6p€i\ — TptTrroXe/io? tou irvpov icaff 
oKriv TTjv oiKovfievrjp KariaTreLpe*, — ^Akwcikt}^ teal 
ZaiidK^L<;l^Kve&v tjottjt^' ded. — "Etc t^9 cV'AtSoi;" 
TpioSov <l>ipeTov^* Svo oBoo, tj fiev eh /Matcapayv^ 
injaov^, ri ik eh TapTapov, — Tci ^epoo TdSe, Topyia^ 
re Kol IlciSXo?, <ro(f}d fiev /cal ^iXca icTOv ificoy ei/Se- 
60T€pa>" Sk irappTiala^. — Ka\o9 wapprja-la^ 6r^ 
aavpo^^ evyipeia. 

§ 7. ^tJ/€V9 6 fiapTi<; Toh ^ApyovavTac<; top eh 
K6X')(pv^ irXovP ifMr)vv(r€^. — Zev? TavvfMijSrjp 0e(Zv 
olvo'xpop iv ovpav^ /caTeaTrjaep^ — 'H/3a/cX^9 Ttn^ 
Sapeqt t^p t^? AaKa)vifcrj<; fiaaiXeiap TrapiBcoKep*. — 
0/ To^ TLKTOvcTiv* ft>a ScoSefca, Kul ekXeirovatv^ iv 
TpiaKovra rifiepai^, — Nov^a? tt/xSto? pedv 'Eor/a? 
*V(ofiaioi^ iSpvauTO^, xal irapOevov^ aTreSei^ev'' avTy 
6xn)iroKov<;» — 'Hpa/cX^9 ttiv v^aov K<S i'n'6p67]aev\ 

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SECOND DECLENSION. 5 

— TeKoav 6 Xvpcucoauov rvpawo^ /tera rrjp ep 
*Ifiipa vavfia'xUiv Tot9 '\ja<f>vpoi^ tou9 hf ralq Xvpti^ 
Kovacu^ v€w^ iKoo'/JLTftrev*. — ^vyiveia KaXbv fUv, 
aXXA wpoyovoDV dyadop. — 'O fiep erepo^" toIp 
Tvpdppocp anrodprj(Ti(€i}^ xnro t&v itoKvt&p, o ik 

Tpi<f>oprai^\ — 'A^oiJere^', Xcti. — Uapd toJ? 'A^iy- 
palovi ol Td<f>oi 7rpo9 coo e/SXeTroy". -*- Ovre X7nrq> 
ytapl^ ^aXtpov, ovre irXovr^ Xfi>pW Xoyurfiov Sv' 
parop^^ d<r<l>a\&^ ypriaaadcu^. — Xpvcro9 del S6X09 
itrrX kolI dpyvpo<; dpOpdirouTCP^. — 'Ej/ oip^ dXriOeia. 

III. 

THIR^ DECLENSION. 

a. SIMPLR 

§ 8. 2tt>/c/)aTi79 rfjp poaop raparffiop adfiaro^ 
€key€p\ — 0/ ^Adrjpcuoc XoXoova Scd rffp <ro(f>Lap ical 
rqp dperrjp iraw irljMDp*, — 'HpaKkr}^ hrl dvipeia 
icol adfiaro^ p^ofijl davfid^erac*, — Ol fierd Aeapl^ 
Sou XvapTiaTcu^ KoKoi^ en^povp^ tov^ t^9 warpiSo<; 
pofiov^ — ^appdfia^o^ K.6p{ova top ^Adrjpaiop eTri- 
arrja-ep* 7jy€/i6pa rov PaaOuKov otoXov. — 'O 'EX- 
Xffpucbf: cToXo^ ep XaXa/upi roi^ fiap^dpov<; ipi/crja^. 

— ''Apyo^ 6 irapormi^ o^6a\fiov<i elx^p^ iv Trai/rl* 
T^ awfJuiTL — 01 * KpeonrarfiT(u ip pvktV* xal (t/cot^ 
iSUa^p^, — ^lErfKpdreiap pofii^e^ dperrjp elpaf, Kprj^ 
nrtSa, — Xelp ;^6</>a jz/Jet", — M^t€ ip lj(6v<n 
^pi]p, /ii^re ip aTratSevTOi^ dpBptaTroi^ ao<f>iap iin' 

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6 THIRD DECLENSIO]^. 

f/;T€f". — TirY Kopaica iyyvaTCU^^, — 'EXe^ai/ra i/e 
fxvia^ TTOieV^, — At? TratSe?^^ oi yepovre^, — 'H <f>vaii 

§ 9. Mer' ^Ayafi€/jLVovo<; oi ''EWi;^? hrX 
Tpouiv iaTpdT€va'ap\ — ^vpdirTj ?;' ^Ayqvopo^ 
iyivvrjae^ Mipo), '^apiTTihova^ ^VahafiavOvv, — 
^AXi^avBpo^ T^ @r}^aLcov d'jri&Xeia €<l>6j3i]a'€* rfjv 
'EXXoSa. — Tfjv "ApTCfiLv oi fjiv0oypa<f>oc /cvvrjyi- 
Ttv KoX OrjpofCTOPov Kol i\a<f>r)fi6\ov Kol 6p€aL(f>oir 
Tov irapeiadyovG-Lv^. — FuTre? Hvtvov^ rfiv KapBiai 
iv'^AvBov'^ r](r6t>ov\ — Zev^ iv r^ ^PV^D v'rro Kov 

priTtOV Kal "Nvfl^oitV iTp€(f>€To\ K/3^T€9 Kol Aa- 

KehaifJLovioc a-vfiTroaiayv aTrel'XpvTo^^. — "Apre/if? ttji 
T&v vriirUov iraihoDV Oepaireiav eupe". — Tim^ fiei 
rerrirfi <f)C\x)<;^, fivpfJur^KL Bk fivpfirj^* — 'KaXeirov^ 
ioTi Xeyeiv^^ 7r/)09 yaa-ripa, wra oik expvcrav^^. 

§ 10. 'H yXav^ ry ^AOrjva dvifceiTO^, 6 S 
Zmro^ T^ IloaeihSvt. — 'A^^^XXeu? Trapd l^eipayv 
Ttp Kevravptp jxvekm Xeovrcov iTpd<}>rj^. — nXaro) 
eKeye^, tov? t^? dperfj^ icKcova^ iBpwri Koi irovoL 
(I}ve<r0ac\ — TlivBapo^ to? eXTrtSa? iyprjyoporcov 
ivwrvia eKoKev^, — K-pelrrop'^ iarc ttoBI oKurdai 
veiv^ ^ yXdTTrj, — *ft rXrjfiov, d^ dffXia<; crok 
Tv^w; 6 Batfuov eBcDKcv^^. — *ft KOfcoBatfiov Alai 
oltcreipa}^^ rrjv <r^v^* 'rv'xr)v» — JladrjiiaTa fJuaOi 
fiaTa^\ — 'Ea; t£v ovvx^v cryvoj ai/" o ^eiBia^; tc 
Xioirra. — MrjTpl TraZSe? ar/Kvpai elaX 0iov. — He 

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TRIED DECLENSION 7 

Kaib^ fjLv0o^ XiycL^j roif^ "M-vpficBova^ i/c fjLvppLT]K6)v. 
avhpa/i yeyovipcu. — 'O OZSwrov? Tat<; dvyarpdai^ 
irXeuo xapti/ S(f>€i\je fj rot? appeai^^ iraicriv, 

§ 11. M-ifivcop o HlOcovov 7rai<; roi^ Tpaxnv 
iirl Tov^ ''E\Xijva<; i/SorfBet^, — T0Z9 oprv^w i^Beld* 
€OTt t^oavrj, — Ilolv A^ySa? waiSoiv Kacrrcop fiev 
rjaxei^ Tci Kara TroKefiov^, IloXvBevfCi]^; Be irvyfirjv. — 
^akLara^ ev rol^ arv^iiaaiv iicKafnreL^ 17 dpenj. 
— M/i/eo9 To2<; Kprja-l v6/u)v<; eypayjrev^. — : ^a/ew 
6 fjLdirri^ VTTO Tloaeihwvo^ eTrrjpddtf^ Blotl to2<; 
^pi^ov iracal rbp^ ck KoXp^ou ek rfjv ^EXKoBa 
ttXovv ifjuqwa-ev^^. — O/ tAv AtjSvoov vojjboZe^ ov 
Tat9 rjfjApai^^^, aXKa rah w^Xv rjpidfiow^^, — *H 
<l>va-t^ TOA? fjiev Xiova-iv dXKtjv koX ra'xyrrjTa cSg)- 
K€v^f Tot^ Be dXooTre^i Travovpylav, — HaXKrfBcov 
'ioTW €7rl TO) OTOfiari rod lloi/rou, Meyapecav dTroi- 
KvoL — 0e/U(7To/cX^9 TOP UecpaLd d^eXc/jbdrepop 
epofii^e^* T^9 aPG)^'^ 7ro\€G)9. — 'EttI Ke/cpo7ro<i koI 
T&v irpdncdP^^ fiaaiXecap rj 'AxTA/fj) €9 ^rjaea del 
Kara Kdfuv; ^kcIto^^, — JIdpTe<i ol t&p dpiareop^^ 
TIepacip ircuBe<; cttI toc^ l3aa'tXe(0<:^^ Bvpat^ irai- 
BevovTiu^. 

§ 12. Zev<; ifc 0e/itSo9 t^9 Ovpapov 0trfaTpb<i 
iyepyrfore^ dvyarepa^ ^S^pa^, Wiprjprjp^ koI Evpo/jiiap 
K(u A^p. — 'Ope<m79 Bid top KXirrcufipi^aTpa^ 
77]^ jiirjrpo*: <I>6pop V7r6 r&v ^Epijwcop iBcdfcero^ — 
Afifi7]T7)p fierd XafiirdSojp wict6<;*' re /cat rjpApa'i 
Kara irdaav^ rrjp yfjp liepae^oprfp rrjp dvyarepa 

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8 THIRD DECLENSION. 

i^ijT€t\ — T17V Arjfiryrpa oi AJyvTrrtt)* *I<ru/ €/ca- 
Xow'. — Se/ilXi; /i/a* rjv rwv KaS/iou Ovyariptov, 

— OiSwrow a/co))^ Aaeoi' Toy Traripa i<f>6v€iMTev\ 

— II/KwnJ/cei** T0V9 TraZSa? T0J9 iraTpdai fcaX raZ^ 
fifljTpa<nv 7rei0e<T0ai^. — Tlvdarfopa^ ekeye^* SeJ" 
^vyaZeveiv iravra rpiirop^* diro fjikv rod awfuiTo^ 
rffv voaov, diro hk 7^9 '^X^9 rffv dircuBevaiaVf 
dfirh Zk rrj^ yaaTpo<: r^p daiXr/euLV, diro Se Trj<; 
ohcla^ rfjv Buufxovlav, koX koiv^^^ diro irdvrfov to 
aKpare*:. 

IV. 

THIBD DECLENSION, 
h. CONTRACTED. 

§ 13. *H/)a«X^9 Toif^ tTTTToi^ Aio/i^Soi;9 rov 
^pq/co<: ek Mv/ci^va^ iK6fMi<r€p\ — *H ^IvSiKrj x^pa 
T^ KoiXKeL Sia^ep€i\ — 'Aj/a^ap<7i9 tw yevet^^ aXX' 
ov T^ rpinrtp XKvdr)<: rjv. — TivOayopwi rrjv dircur- 
Sevaiav wvofia^e^ iravrcov r&v ira6&v firjripa, — 
'SiKvOai rd fieXrj l^ expi^v^' — Oi dfiaOei^ icaBdm'ep 
€P 7r€\dr/€C Kol i/u/crl <l>€povTat^ iv t^ ^up, — Zew 
i/c ArjTov^ ereKVoxTev^ 'AwoWcoya kcu ^'AprcfMiv. — 
^la^vpop^ €49 ireiffco \0709 yiyverai,^ — 'HcrtbSo9 6 
irotr)T^<; ySe^^ de&v koX rjp(oa>v yipT), — ArjfidSrf^ 6 
prirtop Trjv alSoi tov KaWov^: aKpoiroTup e/coXet". — 
Blcop 1X676" T^p ^iXapyvplap elpcu^^ firjTpoTroXiP 
7ra<n79" Kcucia^, — IlKovro^ v^pvp rUret^ rj if>€i8oS 
jSiov. — £ir)fjLi]Tpu)^ 4>aXi7p6V9 IX^e" ^iKpop /i€P 
elpcu^ fiipo<: Ta9 o<f>pv<;, iXtp Sk eTrw/cor^o*^' t^ 

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THIRD DECLENSION. 9 

ioTt, TTfjyij l3ioVy a^ ^9 ai Kara fjipo^^^ irpd^eis 
peoxHTiv^, — S€PO(l>dvr}^ SXeye^ r&v doTepjav rd? 
dvoToXd^ KoX TO? Suaei^ i^dyfrci^ elvQA^ Kcii cr^Sc- 
<re*9. — Merpov icrriaeti<; to a&pxi eKacrreo^, Aairep 

TTov? viroiripLaro<i. 

§ 14. AfffJLoaOevTy; o prfrcop iroKeta^ V^*^J^ 
T0U9 POfjLov^ Xeye**, — Mifjbvav 6 'PoS*o9 dvSpeia 
tcaX aw€<T€^ oTpavrffuc^ hcd^po^ rjv, — Mrj tepive* 
he* TiSv Xoywv tow dvBpwirov^, dXX* €K rwv irpa^ 
eav. — N*i/09 o rciv ^Katrvpmv paaCKets e^i^oi/efc 
irpd^€i<i /careipydaaro*. — Td *)(pripura iv rak tto- 
Xeo-t ardaei^ teal ^tXov€i/eia<i iyeipei^ — ^^H^ioro? 
hrdra^e^ wekixei rrjv Aao^' K€il>a\fjv, xai i/e 7^9 
Kopv^rj^ i^iOopev^ *A0fjvd avv 07rXo49*. — Ol Xvpoi 
T0U9 *;^^9 erlfUDv^^ dh 0€ov^. — *H ^Apa^ia Sva^o- 
\e/LM7T09 €crrt to?9 '^EXXiyo-iy. — 'Ef i')(6p&v <rra- 
creA9 ifffiyvovTcu^^, etc Bk aToaetov ^6voi> 

§ 15. O* o-^otol T^ o(f>pv^ avvdyau<nv\ — O* 
Twv 'EXXiJvwj/ rexyh-ai fiov<: xal tinrov*: koI oih 
$pw7rotf9 Kal 0€ov<: dvhr\aTTov\ — "Upa ryv* ^Iva- 
Xov 'Ifo ek fiohv Tijev/c^v /jL€Tefi6p^ae\ fierd Zk 
TaCra* t§ ^oi olarpov ivefioKev^ — O* Tlr/avre: 
€t9 ovpavov irerpa^ koL Spv<: rifipiva^'' iqKovri^ov*. — 

01 nipaai rd r&v ^TSXKriv^v Upd /col Ta9 woX€*9 
irvpX KC^ (TiZriptd iTTopOrjaav^. — Ovk l^yyl, oXXi, 

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10 THIRD DECLENSlOm 

'rrovrfpia xal S6\oi<; €KpaTi]<ra<$^^» — r ^A\fCVOveu^ 6 

§ 16. Ol ''EX\7jv€<i ifjLV0oXoyovj/^y W "wXti- 
a-fiara rja-av Ilpojj/fiOia)^ ol avOpcoiroc. — ^"Aero? IIpo- 
firjdet iv Tft> Y^avKoatp dire/ceipe* to fJTrap. — ^eip<ov 
TOP Urikeoi^ TToiSa 'Aj^tWea €rp€J>e^ (nr\ayj(yoi^ 
T^ovTcav KoX fiveXoh av&v ar/plcov icaX apicrcov, — 
^ASfiTjTco T^ tSv ^ep&v ^curCKel iOrjreva-ev* 'AttoX- 
\(ov. — ^OpeaTT}^ aireKTeivev^ Atyio-dov, rbv rod Tra- 
Tph; <f>ov€a, — Ol yoveX^ koI ol hthaaKoKoi alSov<f 
a^coi ela-tv, — BouXov* iv rip^ah €^€iv' tow yoveh. 
— ^al3v\ooviot rov<: Upia^ eicaKovv^ ^oKZaiov^. — 
ToA9 T779 'Ij/S/a9 PaaCKevG-LV iv roc^ iroXifioi^ Tr\rjdo<; 
iXe^avToav vinjp'^e^ — 3i^o(; rvrpdaKet^^ aoofjui, 
Tov Sk vovv \6709. — ArjfjLTiTpio^ 6 HoXiopKrjT^f:, 
fi[a ypet^^ Ttt9 TToKec^y KaraaeUov^^ ra relxHi Ti/i^* 
0€O<; Se ireiOcov^^, — ^Avd)(ap(n^ Trjv afiireXov elTre" 
Tp€?9 ^peiv^ ^orpv^ ' rbv Trp&Tov ^Soi^9, tov Sev- 
T€pov ^i0r)<i, TOV TpiTOV drfSla^, — @a\rj(f o MtX?)- 
(no<; ipcoTffdek^'^, iroaov dnrk'^i?^ to yjrcvBo^ tov 
aKv0ov^, ""Oo-oi/", l^17'^ '' 6(f>ea\fiol (^Tft)I/"'^ — 
'Ayj/o-tXao? iv Svoiv ctou/ TrXeov*^ t&v eKarcv rcu-' 
XdvTcov T^ iv AfX^oi? ^€6* SeKaTrjvV^ dnreSvaev^. 

§ 17. Ttdav^ Zev? a<j>0LTov yr]pa<i tSco/cev^. — 
*loify/co9 6 <f>cX6a'0(f>o^ kcCKov eiraivov eypayjre^ tov 
<y»7/OG)9« — &dvaTo^ t&v iv t^ yripa kox&v ^apfia" 
Kov*, — Tlai; 6* ^Epfiov Kal II^i'eXoTriy? eZ%e' #ce- 
para koL irdr^mva Xdccop. — 'UpaKXr}^ eirl j(pv<rov* 

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THIRD DECLENSION. 11 

JeTToo? Tov ^SIk€(wov Sunrepaaai'' Xeyerat. — *AX- 
Kfjkrjvf) Buo iyevvfj<r€^ ircuBe, 'HpaxXia tcai ^l4>tK\ia. 
— "Hpa cTre/i'^rei'' 'KpoKXel ')(€ifi&va^ ore iiera rr)v 
Tpoia^ aXoHTip Kara Tqv ddXarrav errXct". — O* 
Tpuucovra rvpawoi ISuop KepSeojv iv&ca irXeiov^^^ 
Twv ^Adtfpauov cnri/cT€Cvav^ hf oictoI> firjalv^ 17 
7rain-€9 Tl€\oirovvi]<rioi iv Sixa ereaiv, — KaXoO 
7^pa)9 BefjuikLov ioTW iv iraialv ^ r&v aoDficrnDP 
€V€^ia, — 'H <})v<n^ avev /laOijaefo^ tv^Tsjov^^, rj hk 
jiaSi)ai<; avev ^vaeto^ iKKnre^, — ^Apurrvmro^ ^^^ 
irpoff TOP dB€K(f>6v • " fj^fJLVfio'o^* Xrt rfj^ fikv Zuurraae^ 
©? (TV rjp^ay^^f 7^9 Be BtaXva-ea)^ ^cS"" — *H vBpav 
X/9 €(mv evprjfia KTi;<rt/8ibv, *AKe^avBp€a>^y Kovp€<o<s 
7Tjv rixvrfV^^. — iirjfWKpiTO^ eXeye^ irpa^eaa^ op^v 
fiev elvai roKfiaVf rvxnv Bk reXou^ tevpiav^. — IIp^ 
To5 Ileipaul Td(f>o<; earl QefuaroKkkoxs. 



IRREGULAR DECLENSION. 

§ 18. A6t/i09 Kcu ^0/809 ''A/5€ft)9 viol KoX OTra- 
8oi fjaav. — 'Pea iv avrptp rrj^ A/#rn79 iyewtfae^ 
Ata. — Tlpoii7]0€v^ i^ tfBaroi; /cal 7179 avSptlnrov^ 
hrKaarev^. — ^AicraUov Kara roxf<i pvOowi virh rwv 
IBuov Kuvwv Biefnraadfi^, — K6<rfio^ oki/^ofivOla 7V- 
vcukL — ^AvBpo^ dperfjv fifj ix r&v aTrofiaivovTcov 
eferafe*, d\>C ix rf}<; t6\/ai;9. — 'H Ba/crpiav^ ri 
iraXcubv^ ifKrjB'q dvBp&v fui'X^ifJbmv elx^v^ — Oi* 
Ilipacu Bm^p6vT(D<; t& irvpX /cal vBart iOvov^. — 

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12 IRREGULAR LEGLENSIOIT. 

^efilpafJLL^ NtinJa r^ viel rrjv 0aaCKeiav irapii&Kev^m 

— AlaKo^ TOf; /cX6t9 rov "AiSov i^vXarrev^ — Ilat- 
paK€\€vovTcu^ 01 iTaripc^ T0Z9 vtiaiv, cS? XP^ aperrfv 
cuTKelv^^, — *Ainjp yap apBpa, teal TroXt? trd^ct,^* irch- 
Xtj/. — 'H yvvr\ afut T& ')(VT&vL eKhvercu^ #cal" rifv 
alh£. — 0/ TTotrjral ovBkv^ oXV ^** ipfj/rfpei^ eltrc 
r&v dewv. — 'O l^evfioDV irapaifkricw iori fu/ep^ 
kvpL — *Hy Kvp^ TO (Tfjfieiov 06x09 eirl Zoparo^ 
fuucpov, — T^ vrjt o tcvjSepvriTrj^, &7r€/>" t^ apfiarc 
6 rivio^of; iarvv. — Kai'** SovXo^ ^*' t49, aapica rtji/ 

9 \ V SO 

aurrfv €)(€i . 

§ 19. Hvppav rfjv^ ^^TnfjL7j0i<o^ koL TlavBdpa^ 
hrXcurav* 0€ol irpdrrqv ywalKcu — Zeu9 virh r&v 
Hvfi^oiv T9> T^9 ^AfiaXOela^ yaKofcn irpi(f>ero\ 

— At iv TTJ TleKjomrovvria'(^ iroKeL^ fioKiara* r&v^ 
aOavcLTcov 0e&v irlfKov^ rhp IloaeiSco. — %iav^o^ ev 
^Athov' Trerpov rat^ X^P^^ ^^^ '^ K€<}>a\^ i/cv\i€v\ 

— Al T&v arfa6&v avZp&v aperal koX^ irapa ttoXc- 
fiCoc^ euloTe Tuy)(avov(Ti}^ tl/jltj^. — 'H KciBfieia 
2^i7^ (Tcofia flip eJp^e" /cwo9, /ce^Xrjp Bk xal irpcxr- 
mirop Koprj^j Trripvya^ Si Sppido^, ifxoprjp Bi dp- 
Bpdnrov. — "^KTaup pvktW'* icarcurKOTrop hrl ra^ t&p 
^^EihXrjPtop path ejrefjLire^ AoXtopo, — Xepaip ioUor 
ffip ol 'sftiXol, TToal Be to hnrifcop, 17 Bk if>d\(vy^ 
aT€pp^ Kol OcipaKiy K€(f>a\^ Be 6 orpaTfiyo^. — 
%rarf6p€^ vBaro^ irerpwi KovKaipovcw^*. — "iltrirep 
\v/co^ ofiou)^ Kvpi^, ovT<o Kal^ Trapda-iTo^ i/JLOio^ 
iptXtjy, — Iloffel^^ opOpayiro^ pv/cra fieff fiXxop /cai 
XifioP fierd Kopop koX Biy^ap fj^ercL fikdrjp^ kov^^ 

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IRREGULAR DECLENSION. 13 

ii/^Krj^ avTov rrjv /JierafioX^v, XvTrrjv^ rfjv rjSovflv 
iroiek^^. — Aeyerai,^ ipaaOrjpcu^ ^va Aa/cvBov rot) 
<})iXo<r6(f>ov, KoX radov trapOivov, kclI heK^lva iraiZo^, 
— 'Sep^ov ip 'EXXoSt TToXe/toSin-o^** iSoxei^ rj /CA17- 
rfjp ainov hio ywauce IBeh^ fi€y€0€i ttoXv" iKirpe-- 
TreoTara, xaXSjei dfjid/ioD, Kal KOffvpniTa tov avrov 
^kvov^y ^Atriav xal 'EXXaSo. 

§ 20. *ft Zev axrrepoTrqra Koi V€<f}€\7iy€piTa, 

TTjTa tcaX KoKotcarfadlav rpcnrov Kal* roh avSpdci 
Kal Tat9 ywai^l KTotrdat^ wpo(n]K€i. — ^A^poBiTT) 
Trepcarepa rwv opveap* e^atpe" fidXiara. — ^Ayor 
fUfiPODV, 6 r&v iir* 'IX/^ 'EXX^i/a>i^ cTT/jariy^o?, 
7roXXa/ct9 irape^hero'^ eirl rfjp iJeaTopo^ vavv, 
OTTOTC avfifiovXov BeoiTo^ — 'IlpaK\r]<;^Epyivov, tov 
Miwcip /3a<rL\i(D^, rol^ Trpia^eai ra cora dire-' 
T€/iep\ — "Apre/it? iirl r&v wfjuoov ^aperpav ^epet**^, 
ev hk ral^ X^P^^y '^V^^ A**^^ XafJi/iraSa €j(€i^, t§ Sk 
hpoKovra^ hvo, — T^9 Tpv<pTJ<; rwv dvOpdircov atrioi 
ovK eUrlp oi dep€^ ovSk rd iBara, aXX' 6 irXovro^ 
Kal rj irepl r^v Biatrap dKoXaaia. — ^iXimro^ yevo^ 
/M€PO<;^^ KpcTTJ^ Bvoip iropfjpolp eKeKevae^^ top fiep^ 
(j)€vyetp^^ iK MaKcBopia^;, top Be erepop BucoKetp^^. 

— ^ABeXcfxo 6 ^€09 hroiT^aep^^ iirl fiel^ovc^^ oS^eXeia 
dWi^Ty^ocp Ta re %€2pe Kal too ttoBc Kal too 6(}>6a\fio!>, 

— Tou9 KapTepooTaTom*^ twp <f>v\dKoop^^ iirl toop 
hna^aXea-Tdroop^ toop <f}vKaKoop^ BeV^ Kadiard" 
vai\ — 'O TOV KV^eppriTOV BiaKOPOi; 7rp(ppev<i t^9 
V€(09 KoKelrat,^^ 

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( 14 ) 

VI. 

MIXED EXAMPLES ON THE DECLENSIONS. 

§ 21, *0 apr)((»iv fiff fiaXaKla firjBk rpvffyp oKXa 
KapTcpia Kal dvBpeia jwv iZitor&v irepikoTfo^ • -^ 
^i6vvao<; €Vp€Tri<; rov otvov eyivcTo^, Kal rrjv rrjt; 
dfiireKov ^vreCav iBiBa^e^ rov^ dv0pco7rov<;. — *Ei/ 
rah Twv fiuKcipcov vi]a'oi,^ Bidryovaiv* ai t&v dyaOo^v 
dv6p(i)Tr(ov ylrvxal fierd Odvarov, — 'O ^Xt09 Trai'- 
ra^x^ eTTt/SaWet' Ta9 dxriva^;. — *A7ra\6<; elfii too 
TToSe* wro T^9 voaov. — T0Z9 avveTol<i yepovac ro 
yrjpa<; ov Bv<tkoXov f^aiverai'. — ^AXi^avBpo^ t^9 
Aapeiov Bdfxapro^ koX rri<; firfrpi^ avrov^ Kal rcov 
Ovyaripeop iirefieXTjOrj^, — AvKovpr/o<; rol^ iraiaXv 
€7r€Ta^€" ein-09 rov i/juaTLov tco X^lpe e^^eti/*^. — 
^'Oirep^^ iv vrji fiev Kv^epv^rrf^;^^, iv ttoKcl Be vofio^, 
rovTo^* ^€09 iv Koafiw, — ^AvSpoov irrL^apwv^^ irdaa 
7?; Tatpo<; , — nitov airecKa^e rov^ ra (ora rot? 
KoKcLicevovcn 7rapaBcB6vTa<:^^ dfi^pevaLU inro rcov * 
(arcav paBico^ fiera^epafihoif;^^, — ^Apdfi€vo<;^^ ralv 
')(epolv irerpov fieyav 6 ^AfiofJi<f>dp€TO^ xal Kora^a- 
\wv^ irpo T(iv iroBwv rov Havaaviov, ravrrjp*^ ^(fyrj^^ 
rrjv yjrrjcfyop avro^ riOeaOat,^. — 'Ej/ frvpl fjuev Xpt^- 
aov re Kal dpyvpop IBpie^ apBpe<; ycyva)<rKov<r ' dp- 
8/709 S'^* oIj/09 eBev^e^ poop. 

§ 22. Ta9 iJSom9 Brjpeve^ rd^ fierd^ So^9. — 
*Ai/Spo9 xa/>flWTi)/t) €/c Xoyov ypoDpi^erai^. — A/ 

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ON TSE DECLENSIONS. 15 

'^li&ypx Kplvovrai^ fiaXKov^ Tai<: '^vx^'k V toZ? r&v 
<Ta)/jLaT(ov pdfjuii^, — X.p6po<; rffv aXrjOecav 7rpo9 
^(09 ar/€i^* — M/8a9 wra'' elx^v^ ovov koI vovv 
(fxarb^ eirrjOov^, — TcSi^ aSifcrjfidTCJV^ iv rol^ v6fWi<: 
elalv al Tifjuopiai, ' — Ol avfifiaxot r^ Tiava-aviov 
exP€i^^ irap ^AOrjvalov^ /xererd^avro^. — ^Opxp- 
fjbivioi Ta 'HacoSov tov ttoitjtov oara ev rfj dryopa 
eOayfrav^. — Ot /jl€v AaKehaip^vlcdv ^aaCKeh 'Hjoo- 
• kKAov^ ekyovoc ij<rav, oi Be nepa-c^u 'A%at/i€i/0V'?. — 
•'O Xaydo^ iv GKorreL vkp^erat?^. — 'O Kaiw Karex^f'^* 
viro (T/coTov TOV <j>d6vov. — 'iTTTTta? fiev irpea-^vra" 

16 * 16 ♦ 17 *» TT ' ♦ ' r\* 

T09 COP VPX^ '^^v lleLaLaTparov viecov, — Ut 
0€ol CKoXaaav^^ Atavra Sta Trjv KaaavSpa^:^^ v^pLV. 
01 vofjbdBe; ro2<: diro toov /Soa/CrffjuaToyv Kpiaat, /cai 
yaXaKTv koI rvp^ rpe^ofievoi^ rbv irdvra^^ ^iov 
Bta^cotri. — Svv€0L^€a0at Set** pir/ei, OdXiret, Zu^ei, 
Xtfjiw, TpQ^<i XiTOTTjTt, Koirri<i aKXrjpoTTjTt, 

§ 23. Trjv dpaxvrjv r) (pv<n<; <ro^fjv 6t9 lOTovp- 
yiav iSfffiUivpyrja-ev^, — Ta rcov apaxy^v vrjfiaTa 
/cat* TO? Tpixa^ viica^ rfj XeTJTpTiyTt. — Tot? ovv^t 
teal Tot9 oBovac Oappovaw* al apxTOC kolL ol \vkol 
Kal al irapSoKeif; Kal ol Xeoi/re?. — 'O Kvpo^ iv 
AvBia irapaBeiaov avrb^ KaTe^VTevce^ — TeLpe- 
cia^ b p,dvTL<i inrb Trj<; phf ''Hpa? inrqpwdif, b Be 
7i€v^ ry fiavriKy rfjv avfi^opdv TrapefivOijaaTo'^, — 
Ot T^9 XtBwvo^ evocKoi Bed Ta? ifiiropla^ d^tbXoya 
irepierroiriaavTo^ XpiJM'O'Ta, — AItjt1]<; iv Ap€co<; 
dXaei trepl Bpvv KaOijkioae^ rb xp^^^H'^^^^ Bipa^, 
— 0/ &paKe<: aKoiyjr€KlBa<: iirl rot? K€(f>a\aX^ ^- 

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16 MIXED EXAMPLES 

povci^^ teal rot^ da-lv, — 'A^iywycro^" ^cav SIkcu t^9 
dfyyia<;. — ^Ep Bt/ao(9 Alfiva-ip avfjp ficp dvSpoav 
ficun\€V€i^\ yi/Pi) Se yxfPcuK&p. — KcmcoO yap au» 
Spo9 S(3/j'" opfja-ip ovK lx^i^\ — 'H S^lyf ^^X^^ 
TTpoaoyn'Op fiep yvpcuKo^, arrjOo^ Be Kal ^aciv KOi 
ovpap Xioirro9 /cal Trripuya? 6ppi0o<;, — ^vpol cv- 
peraX r&p ypafifmrcDv elaip. — TJXovto^ ^vexa 
a'(!)fjMTO<i icTCf Kal a&fia ^vj(^^ hfeKo, - — Ovk eart 
Xeovai Koi apSpdcip opKca Trtard, ovBe \v/coi re kcu 
appe; Ofi6<f>popa dvfwp €j(pv<rip^\ — "ApBpe^ etai 
7ro\t9, ov T€i)(rf ovBk vfje^ dpBpwp Kepai^\ — SvKa 
TToXXa'' fjLeydXrjp^^ iyelpei^^ <f>X6rfa, 

§ 24. Kpipei^ ^(Xou^ o Kaip6<;, a9 xpvcroi' to 
TTvp. — Tat? iroprjpaU TTpc^eo'i.p vifM€<ri<: qkoXjov* 
OeV. — KcXtoI to? 0upa<: r&p oIkl&p ovSeirore 
€/c\rjop^, — 'O NetXov, diro fi€ai]fij3pia<: iirl rrjp 
apKTop ^€pbfiepo<i^j d^pel^ ^X^^^ '^^^ 'mjyd^, — 
®paK€^ ZdfioX^tp TOP pofjLoOirrjv dTrrjdapdrurav^ — 
IleX/a? ^cBrjpo) t^p firfTpvidp ip t& "^Rpa^ T€fJLep€C 
KaTi<T<f)a^€P^, — ^CfiLpafu^ fie)(pL yrfp(o^ rmv 'Ao*- 
avpiayp i^curtKevaep^ — Hap* A^uttt/o*? to rpirop 
fiipo^ T^9 X^P^^ iBiBoTO^ Tot9 Upeuav tt/jo? ta? twp 
de&v depaireia^ re Kal Xevrovpyia^, — At'^" 'EAiwyi^ 
aV^ ^/Xtat prj€<i i7r\rjpco0rj<Tap^* cf d'irdarj(; t^9 'EX- 
XaSo9. — T(wi/ ^aaCKeoDp fiaxpai etatp al %6rp€9. — 
'EXttW k(u klpBupo^ ip dpOpamoia-ip^^ o/jLola^*' ovrot 
yap j^aXeTTol BalfioP€<i dii^orepou — At S' eKir&e<i 
^oaKovau^^ TOv<i Kevov<i jSporcov, — AWioira Xev 
Kaip€i<:^\ — "A ^0)9 /caXvTTTet" TrT^vpd Arj/ivm 

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ON TEE DECLENSIONS. 17 

^069. — K.VWV hn S€(rfia}\ — "Afia^a top ^ovp 
€Xjc€l^\ — *'A\a<i Kol rpaire^av fifj irapa^attfe^. — r 
"AXt? hpvds!^^, — 'Aw'** hrov x^P^^ rpoTroi^^. 
Axnov^ ou Tpejxav^ Kvpa<i rpi<f>€i<s*\ — Al<Tj(p6v 
rytwai^lp appev fj0o<; iK<f>ip€iv^. — @prjToU ai/oia 
SvoTV^ijfJL^ avOaiperov, 

§ 25. Ot i\€<l>avT€<: p^vpaav koX dvdicop ocfi^ 
KTjXovvrai,^. — At %€XiS6z/€9 rcv^-^po<;* v7ro<n)/iai' 
vovat* Trjv iirthrffilav. — Ol \cuy^ i/cwenTafiivoi^:* 
Toi^ /3\€<f>apoi<; Ka0€vSov<nv^. — 'H (fyva-i^ rov<: ire- 
Xapyoif^ iBiBa^e^ Toif<s Traripa^ iv y^pa Tpe<f>etv', — 
'O oZi/09 Tai9 re -^ir^aZ? koX Tot9 ad/MKriv la'xpv S/- 
hoi)<riv\ — Ot Xeovre^ rat? fioval vvicrcop iTr^fiovXetn 
ovatv'. — ^Aif^poBcTfj irapehpov^ ^X^^^ '''^^ '^^ ^^* 
pLTa<: Kol TTJv UeiOm xal rov ^Epfifjv^\ — ^AyTuLtSiy 
rfj 'b/LerfaKkeov^ iraiSi, Sedirpov ^i/" Kpe&p fiep /jupal 
SouBexa, apTtop ik ypipuce; recraape^^ eiripe^ Se olpou 
ypcb, — Tlap* ^Yvhovi TeyyiTov irr)p€oaa<;^* X^^P^ 
17 6<l>da\fi6p Oapartp ^7j/jLioijrac^\ — "AXXwj^ laTpb^ 
(Civt6<; ekKeaip /3pv(op^\ — Tepaop aXxoTrrj^ ov^ oXi* 
(TKerac^^ Trarfrj. — TXvxeV^ oirdpa <l>vXaKO^ ixXe- 
XotTTOTO?^'. — ^Ai/'" ^9 hiKato<;^ t& rpoircp X/o^o-et" 

POfM^^, ^Ufl SucrjV €TLKT€^Kal iSXa^Tj jSXajSfjp. — 

EI9 €OTt So{}Xo9 oIkui<;^ 6 he<rjr€rrri<;. — 'E^rri9 
TnyXoO 7r6Sa9 e^€i9. — "E/cart ^vkoa&pro^ evpD' 
X(opia^. — 'Ei/ pvfcrl \afnrp6(;, ip (fydec S' apoxfye^ 
X779. — ^Ei^fjTrdrrjaep^ tj X^P^^ '''^^ afj^ireKop. — 
*Epfiay€prj^ ip iraiaX fikp yepcop rjp, ip Be yipovai 
va?9*. — KaKpO KopoKo^ kukop ooSp^. — Ba<rtX€V9 

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18 MIXED EXAMPLES 

^'Kvrlrfovo^ ZirjViovt <f>i\oa'6(f>q) jfl'^ipeiv^* — XpT/^taro., 
'XPVH^'^^ ovTfp^, — "OZivev^ opo^, elra fivv aTrere- 

Kopo^ i^ptv crrav icaKt^ dvSpl irapy, — Net/pa irparf^ 
fjLaTa>v 6 ttXoCtos**. 

§ 26. 'Ej/ Tot9 KaKoiai^ tou? <f>L\otJ^ evepyirec*. 
— Ta fiaOijfiaTa iroXKwv* afJbapTrffJtdrcop anrorpk- 
'jret* Tov^ i/eow. — *0 iv 'PoS^ KoXoaao^ irrf^eaif 
i^hofirjKOVTa fjp to fAfjKO<i^. — Ta x/twJ/Aar avdpdi)^ 
irotatv^ evpldicei* <f>t\ov^. — Tcu$ phf iaOfjra^ Xv- 
fiaivovTcu' oi aie;, ra Be (vka ol Ophre^;. — Tov<^ 
T&V\ ywoLK&v ahl>viZiOv^ davaroxs ry ^Apri/MiSi, 
averiOei^ "Oiir}po^, — McuraarfercUj €0vo^ ^kvBl- 
Kov, rfiv fiev ^fjv ovk €<nreipov^, diro he kttjv&v 
e^cov^ Kol lx6vo>v. — Jldpi^ Mei'iXeo)^* tov ^h/ov 
rrjv yi/vauca irapd irdvra Ta Slxaia efe Tpoiav dTrff- 
r>far/ev^, — TA S* apfupdyfiaT ioTcv f) re iropipvpa 
€t9 Tov<: Tpar/fpSai^ Xf^To-*/^'^** ^^ ^k^^ tov filov. — 
'IS©v^' TOP MavadXov to^ov e^^* ^Ava^cpyopa^ 
** Td<l>o^ TToXvTeXfj^: \€\i0o}fi€V7)^^'' ovaia^ elfScoXov." 
— ^Avd'xapa-i^ oveiSi^ofievo^^^ mo ^Attikov '6tl S/ciJ- 
07)^ ioTiv "aXX* ifwv fJikv^^ cifyrj **oi/€tSo9 rj ira- 
Tpk^\ ad Se T^ 7raT/o/8o9." — ^ISiipoBcov^ diro veo- 
ti;to9 €49 ^fjpcus dvaXdfji^ave^ aoifyiav. — 'IXia?" 
Kaxcop, 

§ 27. Ai TTovTjpal iXm-iSes, wairep oi kclko\ 
oBijyoi, iirl Ta dfiapTijfiaTa dyovacv\ — &pda€i 
jjLep ovBeh* ovBeirco, iropto Se* Kal yewmoTtyn tcai 

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ON TEE DECLENSIONS. 19 

iTTtev/ceia dperrjp iKT7]<raTo\ — TloWa' Kaxa tcS 
fmfcpS ^rjpa ifjb'ir€(l>vK€p\ — Bep^? juuera ttjv irepl 
'ZaXafuua vavfiw^iav fi€Ta fiipov^i t^9 Suifd/jueax; iK 
T^9 lSiVp(f07rfj<i dTnjWar/r}^, — Ol ''EXXiyi^e? fivOoXo- 
yovac^ rrjv 'Ico vtto T^9''Hpa9 eU Poo<; tvttov fiera- 
^OLr)0rjpac^. — AjafceSatfiovioL Thv erepop roip ^(utl" 
\eoLP T& irpo^ Hipaa'i iroXifi^ hrecrrrjaap^^ . — 
KdroTTTpop etSov; yoKKO^ cot'*^, oIpo<; he pod. — 
'O drfa66<; <^t\o9 ovre Kara TroSa? drjpario^^^ icrrlpj 
wawep ol Xarycoj ovre dirdrrf wairep oi ix^P^h dXkd 
tl>i\o(l>poavp7j Kal €V€pyea-ia. — Top ofjbolop arfu 
0eo^ (09" TOP 6/juHOP. — lioXvfiaOla povp ov StBda-^ 
K€t^\ — M-iyapa direx^c^ ovre itSjovp iroXi/p ovre 
oSop, — 'H jUbiOrj ifcovaui fiapia iarlp. — KaXoi; 
Se^' KaV^ yipopTi fiapddpup^^, — Kal" Kepa/icvf; 
Kepajuuel KorieL^ Kal riKTOPC rifcroop, xdl 7rTG);^09 
7rT6>p^a> (f>0ope€i Kal doiBo^ doihA. 

§ 28. 'H if>vaL<; rw Ta& Kocryuop irepiiOrjKe^ to 
irrepd, — 'OpTTja-co^ 6 'V(Ofia!io^ irp&ro^ Taa>p iirl 
heOiTP^ KaraQvaat^ Xeyerai, — *'ES6)^€z/' 97 ^vai^ 
raU Kval rpavfidr&p dpriiraKop rrjp iroav. — Fe- 
papOL CK* rov ireKarfov^; eh t^v yrjp TreTo/jLepac^, 
j(€Vficopo<; direiK'qp inrotrqfiaipovo'LP^, — *fl ira2,ai- 
coTTa'* iruurl a-pyfj Koafjuop (f>€p€L\ — Ol PcaplaKot 
TO J? T^9 7r6X€a)9 WetTL^ Koi pofjbOL^ yvfipaareoL^^. — 
K.6PC0P 6 ^AOfjpalo^ ip K.v7rpfp SierpL^e^^ Trap" EiJa- 
yopa TO) iSaa-vKei. — ^iBa>p irXovTip re Kal, rac^ 
dWai^ Xppriyiac<; ttoXv" wpoel^^^^ t&p Kara rrfp 
^ot^ucrjp mXetop, — T^9 fi€P Kaxui^ d<f>dopla^*' 

2 — 2 

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20 MIXED EXAMPLES , 

\eLa fih/ oSbq kcu ^iKpa ctt'" ovtijp* t^9 S'^* dpeTrj^ 
aTTopia^^' fuiKpo*: Be xal 6p0io<; 6 olfio^ hr avrrjv 
Kol ^(aKeirbi t6 irpSnov^"^, erreiTa Be p^co^, — 'Ei; 
rol<i Tov *Ofir)pov iroii]fia<Ti roif; 6eoh 6 fiep o-nro? 
dfilSpoaLa, TO Bk iroTOv veKrap eariv. — "H^a^crro^ 
Tci TToSe" j^(»\o9 fjv. — Hapd, roh *A0fjvaiot^ dkex^ 
rpvovcov Kal oprvycov drf&ve^ Tjaav, — 'IotoI yvvcw 
K&v epya^* kovk^ iKK\rj<rlai. 

§ 29. *^ArydXX€^ Toif<; yovia<: yepaa-i Koi TLfjuak. 
— 'O irKovTO^ oKiadripo^ iarv, Kal wawep at iy^e^ 
X€t9 ^ ol o^6£9 Bca Twv BaKTvkcov Bpa7r€Tev€i\ — - 
Aa/ceBaifiovioc Beivfjv hroiovvro^ tov 'xpovov rrjv 
<f>€iB(i, — HavaavuK; 6 'STrapridrrjf; inro t&v irokir- 
T&v Bca irXeove^lav xal irpoBoaiav i9avaT(i07)\ — 
^Rpa/cXr)^ iirl t&v opcov ISiVpdnn]^: Kal Ail3v7j^ ari^ 
fieia T^9 iropela^ ^arriae^ Bvo orrfKa^, — Oi Al- 
yvTiTioc TOV /lev rfKiov "Oaipcv, ttjv Bk aeXijvrjv ^laiv 
{iv6fia^ov\ — Merd rfjv iv ^Ifiepa vav/JLaxiav TeXtov 
6 XvpaKoauov TVpawo^ eK t&v Xacpvpcov Aij/jurf^ 
Tpo^ Kal K6prj<; V€(o<: d^ioXoyov^ KaTeaKevaae^. — 
'O Bk Aloyivrjf; ISdv^ iroTe fieipdKiov epvdpmv^' 
*' ®dpp€t^\ ecfyr}, " tolovtov e<m t^9 dperrj^ to xP^ 
/ia". — IIoXXA p^era^v ireXei^^ kvXiko<s Kal ;^6t\€09 
QKpov. — HeiOov^ B7jp>iovpy6(; eoTUf r} prjTOpucj], — 
UepiavBpo^ ipcoTTjdek^^, ^^tl i<mv iXevOepla;** 
elirev^t ^^ dyaOrj awelBri<rL<i^\ — HrjpM KaKO^ yei' 
T(ov^\ — "A7ra9 phf drjp der^ irepdcri/io^^y airaaa Be 
xOoap dvBpl yevvai^ iraTpk, 

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ON- THE DECLENSIONS. 21 

§ 30. T^ T&v fio&v 761/09 '7rdr/j(pfjaT6v iartp 
dvOpdiroc^. — Al Trepcarepal ip /iku toJ? 7roK€<ri 
T0?9 avOpdnroL^ awarf€\d^ovTac\ koL €l\jovvtcu* 
irapa rdl^ iroalp avToSp\ ip Be roh ipi]fioi<: 'Xtopiov^ 
Toif^ avdpdnrov^ ov'x^ inrofiipovaip\ — ISixnreidri ^(^ 
ioTC ra irpofiara' viraKovei^ yovp koI t& pofiel kuI 
roh tcval, xai^ fiepToc /cal Siroprai,'' Ta?9 ai^ip, -— 
Oi Tcu^b Kpvirrovai^ to, oar a irdprayp t<Sp Optjtwp' 
fiaaiXecDP^ Kol rvpapptop xal ao<f>&p kclI fieya^^ 
<l>poPovpT(ii>p iirl y€P€L Kol xpTjfUKn Kal S6^ Kal 
KaWec acDfioLTCDP, — Btot; 'XjEifiSpa /ca\o5<r^" to 7^- 
pa9. — Ov irujTevei^^*, c3 ^AXKC^caSrj, rf] irarpiSc; 

— ^la-OKparq^ rov^ eif<^V€t^ t&p fiaOrjTWP de&p 
iraZha^ KoKeV*. — *H KcifirjXo^ iTnOvfirjaaaa^* Kcp^ 
dreop KaV^ ri wra TTpoaaTrdiKeaep^^, — Kal 7^^ 
j^6po9 %€l/o Kal 7roSo9 7ro59 ipS€Jj<i^^. 

§ 31. 0/ "EXXffpe^ ifiv0o\oyovp\ hiKcurraf; ip 
"AcBov^ elpac Mu/et> xal *VaZapuvdvp xal Amkop. 

— 'Op^ev9 Xiyercu* r^ fieXoiroitd \l0ov^ Kal Sip- 
Spa /cal Orjpa^ kip€lp\ — Zev^ virh r&p ^EXXtJi/wi/ 
irarffp de&p /cal dpOpdnrcop irpoaeppridri^ Sid rrjv 
^povriSa kclL evpoiap rrjp'^ efc dwapra^, — Ma- 
paJd&pi MtXTia&79 o ^Adrjpauop aTparryyo^: AdriSL 
T& Hepawp rj^efiovi VTrrfpruure^ Kal iplicqae' TOU9 
fiapfidpov^. — Oi *'E\\7;i;€9 StA to rov IleXoTroi/- 
PTjauucov irokifiov firjKO^ raU ip rw iroXifjLoi^ ifi- 
ireipiai^ ttoXv^ SU(f>€pop\ — ^ApurroSrjfMo^; 6 'Hpa- 
/cXeiSf}^ 7ratSa9 /cariXiire^^, SiSvfiov^, Eipvadiprj /cal 
Jlpo/cXia^ — Kdpamo^ i\6^9 'Iz/So9 ov/e dX€yi^€c^\ 

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22 EXAMPLES OF THE DECLEKSIOJSTS. 

■^— ^Ofifia yap Boficov vofAi^ea^ Seairorov irapov<Tuz.T^* 
— No/it fe^' aavT& Tov<i 701/6*9 elvai deov^, — 'E^' ^^ 
apfioTO^ yap apfut Kal vexpS p€Kp6<i, nnrot S* €^* 
i7nroi<; rjaav ifi7r€<f>vpfiivoi,^. — ^Opvida S'^' at} 
irom^'' cre^* t^9 ifirjf; oSov, — Ov/c aj/8/309 opxo^ 
7^/a•T*9^^ aXX' opxcov dpijp, 

§ 32. *^Av^ kclKjov e^jy Tt9 a&fia kolL '^vxhu 
KaKi^v, KdXrjv ep^^i* vavv kgX Kv^€pvi]TiffV KaKOV. — - 
^(OKpcLTq^ eXeye^' rov<; fA€v avhpa<: Toh t^9 iroKew^ 
vofioL*; Set* ireiOeaOaL^y Ta9 Se yx/vaiKa<: T0Z9 tcoj/ 
awoLKOvvTcov^ avhp&v rjOeaiv. — 'Kep^epo^ ^*%^* 

T/)€A9 /ji€V KW&V K€(f>a\d<;, TTJV hk OVpaV SpCLKOVTO^y 

Kara' Se rov vwrov 7ravToia>v eZp^ei/* S<l>€a>p Ke^a- 
\a9. — ^apvd^a}^o<i koX TLovtov fierd ttjv iirl KviS<p 
vavfia')(lav dvrj^Orjaav^ Tal<i vavclv hr\ tou9 twv 
AaKeSaifioviayv avfjufiaxp^^' — KvKXeoTre^ ek rov 
7rpo9 TtTaz/a9 iroKcfiov Ad fjuev eSoaav* ^pomrjv 
Kal axTTpairriv, JikovT(ovi Be KvvrjVy TIo<t€lBwvl Be 
rpiatvav. — 'AW' e<m Ka/ioV^ /cX^9 iirl yXjanrarf 
^v\a^, — 

Xpijfiara fikv BaifJMV Kal^ iraffKaKco dvSpl Bl- 
BaxTcv^' 
7} S' apen) iravpot^ dvBpdaij Kvpv\ eTrerat". — 
^Hyopaaa^^^ ir\oKdfiov<:y <f>VKO<:, fieKi, icqpov, 
oBoma^' 
T^9 aifTTj^ BairdvTjs:^^ o^lv av riyopaa(v:^\ — 
Et ra'xy^; eh rb <l>ar/€2v, Kal 7rp&: Bpo/AOp a/i- 
)9Xi)9 virdp'xeis:^'' y 
Tol<; iroal aov rpwye^^ Kah Tpe^e^^ rm orofiaTt, 

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( 23 ) 



VIL 

ADJECTIVES. 

§ 33. "ASaico? 7rXoi;T09 oinrdnrore fiefiaio<;, — 
Tj79 ^ApT€fiiSo<: iepaV rjaav ai €\a<f)0(,\ — 'UpaKXfjf; 
Kodapav^ rfjv yrjv aypmv 0r]pi<ov errolrfo-ev*. — Ov 
l3€/3au)i elatv ai rwv ^pOToov Tvj(ai. — 'O ^€09 koI^ 
ix Twv aeKwr(ov evpla/cei^ iropov^, — 'O Ev<l>pd- 
Tfj^^ TTorajjM^ Bca fiiarj^; t^9 Ba/3vX&v<y; p€t\ — At 
fikv Tcuj/ <f>povifi(ov iKirlZe<i eufiv i(f>CKTai, al Sk r&v 
aawercdv dXoyoc Kol aZivaroi. — Jlapa toZ? <^po- 
vifU)i<i ai fi€P (fxXiac aJBavaroi elaiv, ai Sk exPpoA 
OvrjTaL — Jloiieia kol* irovov iroWaTrXaaiov xal 
Xpovov fiaxpov Koi Sairdprf^ ov fiiKpa^ kcu TV')(rf^ 
XafiTTpa^ SetTot". — 

nXoOroi/ fiev itKjovtovvto^^^ ^^t?, '^v^v Zk 
irivrfTo<;y 
c5 TOt? KXrfpov6fioi<: TrXjova-ie, aol Sk nrevri^. — 
'Bpa')(v<; 6 filo<:^\ ij Se rk'xyri fiaKpa. — Bpaj^eui 
ripy^c^ itrrlv ^Soj/^9 xaK^^, — Tbv ajjuaOrj ttXoiJ- 
(TLov^ Auyyivrf^; irpo/Sarov etTre" 'ypvaofiaXKov. — 
^(ovtievTCL note Tjv ra ^Sa, — 'H '^1'%') tw adfuiTt 
awelpicrrai^ PpaZel Ta')(ela. 

§ 34. Aio^tV?79 prjTtop Ty TrarplSi ovk rjv 
evvov^. — Zei^ to '^oKkovv yipo^ avOpdmcav 'q<f>a-' 
vi(r€p\ — 'AttoWoji/ ^^piifj TTjv ')(pv(7riv pajSBop 

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24 ADJEGTI7ES. 

po^ovrrj^ rffv irvpirrvovv "Kifuupav €fCT€iV€\ — 
^OXlyoi T&v <f)i\ocr6<f)Ciyy oSov dirk^v koH fii/Sato^ 
VTToSeiKvvaaL* rod filov. — Kpouro^ 6 t^9 Av8ta<^ 
^aaiXeif^: airhrep.'^v^ eh ^€\<f)ov9 Svo Kparfjpa<^, 
ypvcrovv Kol apyvpovv. — 'O rpiaoofJuaTo^i Viijpvovrj'^ 
iv ry ^lEtpvdeia vija-tp ^otvucaf; l3ov^ ^^X^^' — ^v^' 
pva-Oeif^ ^HpaKXet ipSixarov iirera^ev^ affXov, Trap* 
^^aireplZoiv )(pv<Ta iifjXa eh Mv/CT^z/a? ko/jlI^€Iv^\ — 
^vxrj<; p^ya<; ')(a\ivb^ dvdpolnroi^ 6 1/0C9". — IIoXX*** 
dvSpl jSaatXei xal arpaTrjKdrrf ytftcXet^'. — Mt) iv 
m'oXKoh oXiya Xeye^*, aW'*' iv 6\iyoi<; iroXXd, — 
HoXXol jrapd KpaTrjpc <f>i\oc ylrfvovrcu^^ eralpoi, — 
OiJt€ top appaxTTov <i<f>€XeV rj 'XP^^V f^Xlvrf, ovre 
rbv dvorp-ov rj i7riar)fio<; evTxr)(ia, — 'O ypap^p^aTtov 
&jretpo<; ov ffXhrei^^ ffXeTrcov^^ — 'O /JuiXaKO^; top 
fjuev iropov Trovrjpav, i^BeZav Be rrjv tjBoptjv otercu^. 



§ 35. Sa/}Sai/a7raXXo9 fiiov e^rj^ yvpatKwSrj, — 
TlcuBeia to?? /jl€P evrvj(e<Ti /c6ap,o<^ iarTi, roh Be 
Bvcrrvx'£<^f' fcaTa<f>vy^ i\€v0epio<^. — To d\rj0€<; m-i- 
Kpbv i(TTi Kol drjBh toZ? dpoi^TOi^, to Bk yJrevBo^ 
yXvfcv Kol TTpoa-ffvi^. — At /j,€p iroBrjpei,^ iaOrp-e^ t^ 
a-wpbaTa, at Bk virepfierpoi irepLovaiat ra? '^i^a^ 
ip/iroBl^ovaip^, — "E/yyoi/* iaTl fJLaicpdp a-vvi]0eLav 
iv /Spa^ec %poj/^ XveLv\ — ^IaoKpdT7)<; ttJ? TratZela^ 
T^p jxev pl^av TTiKpav ixaXei'^^ Thv Be Kapirov yXvfcvv, 
' — Bpaxeld icTLP ij TepyftK: ^Soi^9 tcatcrj*;, — Tov? 
fxep <7(B<^/}oi/a9 Twv dpOpoimcov 6eo^ ^iXeV, tov<: Be 
kUKov<: aTxjyeV. ^ — 'O iXiipas iv' toU Tpa)(€a-L Koi 

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ADJECTIVES. 25 

ivalSoTOC^ TOTToi^ uTTpaiCTOv e^€t' T171/ ' oX/c^v Sai 
rrjp T&v iroi&v fAaXaKorrjra. — To& dpiaoi^ ra laa 
upura yiyveTaL\ — Oi5 ^/Xavro? iariv 7} dpeTtj, 
tiXXa KocvayviK^ xal iroXiTi/cii. — 'Ei' KiXiKia irehiov 
^ fieya ical hrlppvrov kolI SepBpoov vaprohair&v 
trvfiTrKeayp, — Tpdire^av TroXvreX'^ fihf Tvyri i^cLpCL" 
ridrjaLv^^y avrdpfcrj Sk trcD^poa-vpi), — TIoXi)? fiep 6 
0)^\^^, oklrfOL he avdpomoL, — 'A7r\a f^ap iari, 
T^9 aXrieelci^ ^.— Tturrijp iraxeia X^wrip'' od 

f 18' rn\» ^»'14 5> «16 «* 

Tucrei voop. — lop ur'xypop opra ocl irpaov 
elpai, 07ra)9 01 irKfjaiop^^ alZwprav^^ fiaXXop ^ ^o- 

fi&PTCU^\ 

§ 36. HoWoKC^; ')(aKenr6p ioTCP diro twp oKrf- 
O&p rd '\ltevSrj '^(fopi^eip^, — Mau<rft)\o9 o t^9 Ka- 
pla^ fiaaCK^ ip ^AXcKappaa^ fiprjfia TTOfifieyedei 
€lj(€p\ — *H /a^ d/Mi0ia Opcureh tou9 dpOpdnrov^ 
dwepyd^cu^y rf Bk iraiSela <T0^v<i. — 'Ho-tbSo? 6 
iroiTfrfj^ Tpaj(6Uip cKoKei* rr}^ dperrj^ t^p oBop, -— 
*I<70AcpaT»/9 TOW €vil>V€i^ T&V fJLa9r)T&p de&v iratBa^ 
ikdX€i\ — Tlpea-jSet^ irapd K.vpT}paia>v ^A\€^dpBp^ 
oreifHiPov 'Xpvaovv /cal B&pa p^e^aKoTTpeirrj hco^n-- 
l^op^. — To? akKvopa<;y dcCKaTTia^ oppei^ ^xtalv^ 
ehcu iro\v6pr)poxr; KObi irokvBaKpva^, — UXovrtoPy 
6 Ato9 dSeXxfyo^f ificupCX^ve' rcnrov tcp6^^ vtto rp yQ 
fiaOeo^ KoX ^o<l>€pov, ''AiBov^ — TlXaTcop ^rja-V^ rd^ 
Mowra? iv Ta?9 "^uxafe Tcip €u<f>v&p OLKelp^ — Ti 
d\rf0€<; TTiKpop ioTi, koL ai^€9 to?9 dporyroL<;, tq Bk 
'^€vBo^ yXv/cd Kol irpoa'qpk^* &<nrep iccli}^ roh poa^ 
ovai rd ofufutra 76 phf ^0)9 dpiapop, t6 Be ckoto^: 

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S6 ADJECTIVES. 

SXvTTov Kol <l>tKov. — Ovre 6pcuri;p ovre aroKfiov 
ovT€ KarairX^a irptxrfjKei}* elvcu, — 'H opi/^9 T0Z9 
airrfjcri veoTTol<i Sea tov orofiaTO^ ttJv Tpoifnjv irpoa" 
(f)ip€i^\ — 01 ^AOtjvaioc Kal^ irapa^ Svvtifiiv ToXr- 
firjral koI irapa}^ yi/dfirfv KtvSvvevral koI iv Tok 
heivok eveKTriSe^ fjaav. — ^Airrfjvef; veorrol fcej^ 
vaaiv^^ del irpo^ aXkorpiov^ arofia. — ^HXtf ijXixa 
re/wret". — XaXeTra ra tcaXd^. — ^E^0p£v aSoDpa^ 
i&pa KoifK^ ovrjcrifxa, — 'H KOiKLa #cal" iroTCKci 
%6)/)€r^ Kwkiya^. — KoKov^ ro KevOeiv kov irpa:^ 
dvSpb<; evyevow;. 

§ 37. "Epytav irovrjp&v X^^P^ iXeuOipav e^^e*. — 
^AOdvarov e)(6pav /jltj ^vKarre^ Bvryro^ <Sv^. — 
^Tttijkoop Set* ehcu* t&v yopioDV. — Ot ofioioc rot^ 
ofioloi^ evvoi elacv, — Ol "EXXi/w? ovSep^ irpo t&v 
TpQ)v/coov dj0p6oL hrpa^av\ — 'O 6<f>i^ av/i0o\6v 
ioTi rod dryrjpQ), — 2ti}\o9 otKov Traffic? elaiv dppe- 
ve<;. — Jtl 717 cKovara 7rapej(€tr rrjv Kau rj/iepav 
rpoifyrjv. — 'Ei; t& x^ifi&vt ira^^a ipAna <f>opoih' 
fLCif^. — TcL fieydXa Swpa t^9 rvy(tf^ hC^^^ ^ofiov. 

— Ml) irdvra ireip£^ ttoutl irioTeveiv^^ dei — E/9 
ofifJiOT evvov (jxjOTO^ ififiXe^lrcu^ y\vKV^\ — Tay 
oylrcov^ evBoKlfiet^ irapd rol^ SirapTidrcu*; 6 fiika^ 
^cofio^. — 'ATaXawrfli)po9" rot? TroXXofe ^ ^rJTffcn^ 
T^9 oKrjOeiaf; xal eirl rd erolfia fjuaXXov rp&irovTiu^. 

— *H iraiZeia oyuola itrrl ypva^ aT€<f>dv^y kcu^ 
yap rifirjv e^e^** /cal iroXvreKeiav, — AiifKa Bk 
drfadd iari^ rd /lev dvOpdnriva, rd Be OeuL — 
TXvKV^^ direipa) 7r6Xe/jLO<:. — Xwpk** to t elirew 

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ADJECTIVES, 27 

irdKKa KoL ra Kaipicu — OvZev avhpwv \evKSv 
o<f>€\o^^ ^ a-KVTOTOfielv^. — OvSev o(f>€\jo^ awop^ 
prfTov KoL d(f>avov<: MovcrTy?. — Oi5 iravro^ dvSpo^ 
€t9 K6pip06v ia-0* 6 ttXous*'. 

§ 38. 'O )8u)9 TToXXa eyei irapaho^a. — EloX- 
Xo69 €0o<; iarl irepX iravro*; Sfioio)^ dvTi\€yeiv\ — 
^oivi/c€^ ev Tol^ vavTiKoi^ €pyoi<: fJL€ya\r}p elxov* 
ifiireipiav, — 'Ei; irainl Kaip^ evra^ia ueydXcDP 
dr/adwv alria ytyverac^ — Ilacn;? Xirrrr)^ tarpon 
yiyvercu* 'Xp6vo<;. — *A*ircur&v twv d\rf0oop rjhov&v 
X0priy6<; iarc <f>Cko(TO(f>ia. — Nti/09 6 ^Kcravpmv 
^curiXeif^ fieydXa^ m'pd^ec^ errereKeaaTo^. — A^ 
Vop^6v&; Ovyaripe^ rjaav ^6ptcv<yi tcaX Kiyrot)?* 
el^oj/* he K€<f)a\cu$ fi^v Trepieaireipaiievwi^ ^oKiai 
SpaxovTcov, oSovra^ Bk /leydXov^, d^ avwv, xal 
^etpa? X'^^^ ^^^ irripvya^ p^vo-a?* roi)? Ze ISopras^ 
\idov^ iirolow''. — Mi) iv iroWoh oKiya Xeye, 
a\X'* iv oklyoi^ irciXXd, — 'O XaXo9 Trorafw^ 
ifKrjpri^ ^v ly6v(ov^ /leyaKayv kcX irpaitov. — ^Oei-- 
pov<nv^^ 7J07f yprjaff^ bfJLiXlat KaKaL — ^AyaBol 
S'" dpiSdKpv€<; dvSp€^. — ^AyctOrj xal^ fid^a^* fier 
upTov. — At/ca? ypa^6fi€vo<;^ tt/jo? yov€t<; fiaiv€i^\ 
ToKav. — Ava-fiopilyoi: etrjv^^ fidXKov^ rj koKo^ 
iccuc6<i^\ — Wl a&im SovXov^, a\X*" 6 vov<; iXev- 
^€po9. — 'El/ TV^'K&v iriXeL yXafMvpb^ ^OATiKivei^. — 
'^pyov irdpepyov ovSafico<: epyov Xeycr)**. — ^EpfjjjLia 
fieydXrj Wli/** ^ fieydXTf iroKi^^. — "Eari koI^ 
acyrj^ dxivSwov yepa^. 



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( 28 ) 



VIII. 

DEGREES OF COMPARISON- OF 
ADJECTIVES. 

§ 39. HXaraav ^al^' ''iravrayv roov ev r& jSitp 

maa&v tcov ^EXXtjvlkSv iroKetov evvofMOTavq fjv. —^ 
'H irevia icciX^ irph^ to? reyya^ heivorepov^ /cal irpo^ 
TOP ^lov T€^i>KG}T€pov<; rov<; avdpdnrov^ KaOvarrjaiv^, 

— ^ApurreiSr)^ 7rr(0'^6TaT0<; &v* Trdvrcov ^AOrjvaleov 
iimfioraro^ fjv. — Ot v-^Xoi tS>v r&irfov' vyieivo^ 
repoielatT&vraireiv&v^, ol S^ /jLeaoyetoi '^v'XpoTepoL 
70JP irapaOaXaTTioyv, — JloWdKi<; avBpe^ TrivTjre^^ 
aoifxljrrepoL rwv irXovaleav elalp, — Oi TaXaKTO<f)dryoi^ 
'^KvdiKov eOvo^, rjaav Bva-fiaxciraTOL koI BiKaioraToi, 

— At oBvvai Tot9 voaovaiv^ la-'xypSrepac rf}^ vvkto^^^ 
elaiv. — Ylokefio^ €vSo^o<; ala'xpa<; elp^vrj^; aipe^ 
Tcorepo^^^. — 'E/c t£p koiv&v ejrifieKeL&v dnrcOCKar^ 
Tov^^ firj 7r\ov<Ti(iT€po<; aW'" ivSo^6T€po<;. — Tlapd 
Taprrja-arioi^ vecoriptp irpeajSmipov tcarafiapTvpeiv^* 
ovfc e^ea-Tiv^. — IloXXa r&v ^wov avayfid ioTi * 
KaOoKov Si, Zcra irXelov^ rerrdpoDV TroSa? ^€t". — 
*H Xe^e" ri (rir/rj^ Kpetcrtrov, fj a-iyrjv ep^e*'. — Aid 
TOVTO 3>ra fih/ Bvo c'^ofiev^^ aro/ia Se ep, ipa irkclco 

fl€P dKOV(OfJb€P*^f ^TTO) Sk \eyft)/A€I/*^ — Aeipov ioTi 

rov^ X^ipov^; r&p fieXriopeap apx^ip^. 

§ 40. HaXaw €<m \dyo%* t&p fi€V peayrepoDp 

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DEGREES OF COMPARISON, 29 

ra epya, t&v Be yepairipcov al ,6ovXal KpaTO^ 
^;^ov<rzj/^ — N609 cSi'' oKovetv^ Toiv yepULTepayv 
0€\e\ — TavpoL, ^/cvdi/cov €^1/09, to?? ^aa-ikevari 
roif^ evvovaraTov^ t&v <f>lXa}V avyKaT€9a'nTov\ — Ol 
avOpaynrot raU i}Soi/at9 OrjKvrepoi ytyvovTai\ — Tcoj; 
dvOpdnroav oi^ fikp o^yrepoi^ ol S' dfifikurepol elaiv. 
— ''TXX09 'H/oa/cXe? €/c Arjlavelpa^ rjv iraU irpea^v^ 
TaT09. — Alcucb^ eiHTe^eararo^ ^v aircancDV avOpJi- 
irwv. — 'A€T09 o^vraTO^ iari irdvToap irrrfvo^p. — 
Il€vui<: fiapvrepov ovBiv'' icm ^opTiov. — Ol 'xai- 
povre^^ XaXiaraTol elaiv. — ^(OKparet ofiiXrjTd yepo^ 
fj4pa>^ KpiTui<: re xal 'A\/ct)8*a&79 TrXeZcrra Kcucd 
rfjp iroXcp iTroirja-dTTjp^^. Kptria^ fih/ yap twp ip 
Tp oXtr/apxif KKenrUnaTO^ re /col fitaioraTo^ eye- 
vero^^, 'A\/cA/8wi&;9 S^ av t&p ip rfj BrjfioKparia 
'TrdpTODP aKpariaTaro^ re koX vfipiaroraTg^. — *0 
7rat9 irdpTtop Orjpitop Bv<rjMerax€cpiaT6raT0P^, — 
i^avfJuaxicL ircbKaiTCLTfi ffv "Kopipdiayp 7rpo9 KepKv 
paiojj^. — Kaddirep opOov ovBkp opOorepop^, ovtco^ 
ovBe SiKaiov ovBep BoKacorepop^^. — IloWol Oepd-- 
7roi/T€9 epiore xelpov vTrrjpeTOvci^ t&p ekaTVOPOip. 

§ 41. B/ov TTOprjpov^ Odparo^ evKKeearepot;, — 
Ot irtcfTol <f>iKoi atCTprrpop ^aaCKevaip dXTjOiara- 
TOP zeal da'(f>a\iaTaTOp, — Top TpcovKOp iroKe/wp 
Kol Ta9 TwP rjpdmp dp€Td<$ 6 hrK^apeararo^ t&p 
TToiTfT&p'^OfiTjpo^ iTparfa>Srj<r€p\ — 01 klOioire^; fjue- 
XdpTepol ela-i t&p SXKcop dvBpmrcop, — At (tv/a- 
<l>opal T0V9 dp0p(o7rou<; woiovai^ a(0(^pope<rTepov^^ 
— At yekiBopes XaXiaraTcU elaip, — To yrjpa^ 

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30 ' DEGREES OF COMPARISOIT. 

<f)popifioDT€pov^ Toi^ avdpdmov^ airepiyal^erai^ koX 
Toov ?;8eft)j/* dfjL€\€aT€pou<;. — IIoXKdKi<; dirb fu— 
Kpd^ alria<i iv Tok ^CKraroL^; c^^V ^^^ fiia-ij €7- 
yiryp€Tdc\ — ^Avrfp S' e/cetj/o? fjv ireTrampo^; fio- 
p(ov. — *'Om'ov yap ia")(y<; cv^vyovai'' xal Bucrj^ 
TTola ^vvcopU rAvSe xaprepoorepa^; — 

KoXAxoTOi' TO BifcaioTOTov^' X&oTov* S' vyiai" 

V€LV* 

Xd/iara iroWd Tpi<f>eiv^ kolL BdfjLara ttoW' ai/- 
€y€ip€iv^ 
^Arpairo^ els ireviav cotIp eTOCfAOTdrrj. — 
'O Bk dBo\€<T^rj<; TOCovTO^ iariPj 0I09" Xeyetj;** 
(09 *Tro\v iropfiporepol elaip oi pvp^ apOptoiroL toop 
dp'xalayp* xal ©9 aftot" yeyopacrcp^ oi irupoX ip 
T^ dryopa* Kol (B9 iroXKoX eTTiBrffiovo'i,^ ^ipoV tcaX 
TTjp OdXarrap e/c** Aiopva-ioyp irkolfiop elpat' xal 
el iroiria-eLep^^ 6 Z€U9 vBwp^ irXelop, rd ip ry yy 
ySeXTMH) eaeaOat^ kcu «9 %aX€7roi/ iari ro ^rjp*\ 

§ 42. TXvKUTTOP fieKi 7re<f>vK€P^ ip t^ ^Attikt}, 
— OvK eoTtp ^Siop <f>dp/xaKOp Xtnrr)^ ^ dpSp6<; <j>i- 
\ov irapaipeais;* — TtVa aXa')(Lop iari firj <f>i\€cv* 
f) TOP dhek^P] — UpoiirjOev*; irX'qaiop twp Ka- 
a"jrla)p *nvkStP inn tov KavKdaov dpearavponTO^, 
oiKTCOTOP Oia/JM irdaip dp6p(!moi<;. — 'Ej/ ral^ iro^ 
Xea-tp ipTifiOTepoi eunp oi TrXovaioi twp irepeare-' 
pcov. — Oi o^€fc9 ^fCLora^ epTrovacp^ — Ato-;^*- 
€Tt6p ioTC TOP virep t^9 TraTpiSo^ OdpaTOP diro- 
<l>vy€lp\ — Bov\^9 ovBep i<mp exO^op KaK7J<s, — r 

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DEGREES OF COMPARISON. 31 

Vow Kvrjfj/q<i eyycov^. — Tlorepov 6 top rparyov 
dfjuiXr/ODV^ d<l>poviaT€po<;^ ^ 6 to k6<tklvov vTroTi" 
Oek^^; — JlaTToKov *yvfivin€p<yi^\ — ^ Avar^Kaiorra- 
Tov fJudOrffjud iarc rb diroiuxSelv^^ ra Kcucd, — 'A717- 
o-t\ao9 irpaoTaTiy; ^iKot^i cov^ ixOpoif; ^o^epdrra- 

TO9 TjV. Tft)l/ <T(01JMT(0V 0fji\.XJVOfJL€Va)P^* Kol^ CU 

-^rv^^al iroXxf dppwarorepai yiyvopTai^^ — Aioyi" 
vrf<; ip<OT7)6eLS;^\ rl t&v Kara tov fiiov dxporaTOv^; 
€lirev^y "'EXTrfe" — Scd/cpariy? €<^** fierfurrqv 
fiev dpj(riv elvai rrjv ^aaCKeuiv^ dpiarrjv Se to 
iavTOv dp^eip. 

§ 43. Hdpao^ rjv fieyLorrf r&v iv t§ KikiKia 
'rroKecov. — OvBkv itXovtov fi€l^oi> ^\ov iv dv- 
0pa>7rot<; e^€A\ — 'E/c t£v kcCK&v fia0rjfidT(ov koX 
Twv ivBo^cov epycov KaWurrrf rep-^^i^ irepirflrf- 
verai^, — Noo-oj/ woXv* Kpelrrov iariv ^ Xxnnjv 
<f>€p€iv\ — 0/ 'KaXScuoi TrXelarriv iirifieKeuLV iiroir 
7]aavT0^ rrj<i dcrrpoXoyia^i, — H6 r&v ^Ivh&v €0vo^ 
[lirfi^Tov ioTi, Kal TrXjeumjv re koX KaWloTrjv 
Xdipav vifierai^. — ^wicpdrrj^; iroKv^ Kpeirrw eke- 
76' TOP T^9 '^v^V^' V '''^^ o'(i/jLaTo<: Ipara, — OiJj^ 
o fjLaKporaro^ fiio^ apvaro^^ ^ dX)C^ 6 ciroxjlBaL&rar 
T09. — 'FaoTov iariv eripqt irapaivetrai^^. — 'Acl 
KpaTUTTOv i<m TdXi]0rj^ Xeyecv, — Jl€piavSpo<$ ipoy- 
Tr)0€k^y rl /MeycoTov iv eKaxlartp^^ elire^*' "<I>/0€- 
V€^ dyaOal iv atofjuvn dvOpd/rrovr — %avfia^(o^ 
fiaXXov TOV yi^pcos rrjv <TO)(f>povov(Tav^^ i/eoTi^Ta' to 
fjbh ydp iv T& Xifiht fiAvei^'' kolL Bux^evyei^ tov 
KivSuvoVf fj Se iv T& ireKjdryu iroKSxik Tolfi irvev- 

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32 DEGREES OF COMPARISON. 

ficuTL fiaj(pfjbiin)^^ Suuroo^et^ to <rKa<f>o<:, — A*' Sev* 
repai 7r»9 ^povrtZe^; c-o^wrepai^. — "AXKiq irpo^ 
5X.\o" jcua ;^9;(ri)LMk)T€pa" — Et /lm) <f>v\d(raei^^ 
fjU/cp*, am-oXeU^ ra fjuel^opa. — 'Ei/ rotac SetvoX^ 
'XpTjfjLdrcav KpecTTcov^ <f>tKo<;, — "Ef (» yap opyr}<: wa^ 
avfjp <TO<l>(iiTepo^n 

§ 44. Aa(Sa\o9 apxi'Tifcraw KpaTiaro^: rjv koX 
irpatTO^ arfakficLTtov evperi^^. — BeXrtoi/ iirnv oyjri" 
fiaOrj uvcu} fj dfJM0fj. — Ot T€X/iaT(oS€i<: tottoc ov 
fwvov <f>av\ov TOP dipa KaTaa-Keva^ova-tv*, dWa 
Koi T0U9 KapTrov<; KaKiov^, — T/9 AvadvSpov rod 
%TrapTidTov ivrifwrepo^ yeyopev^^ rj Tifi&v wXcto- 
v<ov i^^mOi]*; — 0/ ''EX\97i/€9 fJ>r]p{a ravpap re 
Kol auy&p TTiOTara eKcwv ' iin rwv ^cafiwp rol^ 
0€ol<i, — 'H TUip yffnjfidroDp KTrja'L<; irXeio'Tov^ d^la 
ioTLp' 6 Se w\ovTo<; ov irapri dpSpi, oXXa fiop^ 
TO) iirteiKel yQ^rjcrLfMcoraTO^, — ^.i^Kiarai elaip at 
pv/cT€<: al j(€tfM€ptpaL — ^KpiaTOP fiep vBcop''. — 
®aXrj<: *n-pwTO<; TrjP vardrijp rjfiepap rov fi-qvo^ 
rpuzKoBa ehr€p\ — 'Ei/ ry Kpariarij woXet viro 
T60P dpioTODP KptOeh tov KaWiarov yip(o<: i^^iooOrf^ 
^Kyqaukao^, — Tovhtapirkeurrov d^iop icrr fit/y- 
pvfxepop^^ yap ira/rv to?9 rpitpova-ip^^ 17/^9 evKarep^ 
yaaroTepd re Kal (a^Xifidirepa koX rjhm iroieV^, 
— TStP fii<T6o(^6p(OP l3apvT€pop (fyoprjfjLa ovBip eVr* 
Tor9 iroXirat^, — '^Ofirjpo<: €<f>7J^^ "XJ^pceardrTjp i^^rji/ 
elpoi^ TOV VTrrjPT^TOV, — ^'Et^Ocard iart rd ipapTi- 
(oraTa, yfrvxpop Oepfi^, iriKpop yXvKet^ ^pop vyp^, 
vdvra rd roiavra. 

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DEGREES OF COMPARISOHT. 33 

§ 45. K/jetTTOi'* irpb; €vSai/ju)vlav, eXarrc* 

€')(€cv^ f] iroWa fiera <^06vov' koX yap ko^XUdv 

Koi rfimv 6 tolovto^ fiio<i. — Ovk cXa^^iOTW eoTi 

a'o<f>ia<; /i€po<:, ro kaurav^ yir/vwcTKeiv. — ^\(T<rof; 

iay(aT7j iarl 'jr6\i<: roov^ t^9 KtXcKUi^. — 'O Ta/>- 

Top&i ioTiv 6 wrb yrjv Kardyraro^^ totto?. — 

npovpypairepov^ j(prj rlBeaOaL' t&v itovodv rrp/ t^v 

TToXeto^ evBai/jbovlav. — 0aX.^9 6 <f>c\6ao<l>o^ ehrep^' 

^^TLpeafiinarov .T&v ovtcov^ ^€09, ar/evv7)T0^ 7^*' 

/cdXKioTov Koa-fjbO^j Trolrjfia yap Beov' /leycai'OP to- 

7709, itavTa yap %ft)p€A Ta')(L<nov vov<i, oui ireuH 

T09 yap Tpk'xei^^' laxvporarov dvdryicrj, KpareV^ 

yap iravTODv' aocfxaTarou %poi/o9, ca/evpiaKec^ yap 

iravTa^^ — Ai/cacoi, elaiv^ oi KpeiTTOvi r&v rjTTO- 

v(ov ap^€iv^\ — T§ fjL€v ywai,Kl koKTuov^ fieveiv^ 

ephov rj 0vpavkeiv^\ t& Bk dvSpl atax^'OV evBov 

lUveiv^ fj T&v efft) eiTLfiekeicrBaL^^ , — EZ ta'xya'ov- 

aiv^ oi ifKovtTioL Kal oi la")(ypo\ iv Tat9 woXeaiv, 

okiyioTov "xpovov tj dpyrf eo'Tac^^ rov BijfjLov. — Tov 

ryrrco Xoyov ov Bvvafjuic^ KpeLrrtt) nroielv^^. — IIXtt- 

Bei, ovBhf^ fJbelov^ elalp ^AOrjvaloL ^okot^p, — 'Ai'- 

0pdnr(p irdpTcop t&p oKKodp paop icTi ^cpcop rj dp^ 

Bpdmayp dp^€ip^\ — AUaLO*; ioTip^ 6 dfjLclpayp tov 

X^ipopo^ ifKeov ej^eip Kal 6 Bvpardrepo^ tov oSu- 

paTODTepov, — ^Ao-fjuepaCraTa top epwra dirki^vyov^^ 

Sxnrep ar/piov BeairoTrjp, 



3 

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( 34 ) 

IX 

NUMERALS. 

§ 46. TcSj; KvKTi^imoDV eKcurro^ &a 6<f)0aXfidM/ 
€7rl Tov fiercoTrov el^^** — Aioyevrj^: €<fyrj^^ **^/\o9 
€otI fjila '>^V)(rj iv hvolv a-cofiaTOiv K€ifi€Vf)\^* — 
Tpefe €lal iroKvreuu iv airaatv dvOpcoTroc^, fiovap- 
%la KoX oKv^apylu xal S7)/jL0KpaTla, — Ka/^^Scw 
irepl T^9 XcK€\ia<: cttj reaa-apa kclL elKoatv iiro^ 
TU/Mfja-e^ ry *P<ifJLfj. — 'H Aepvaia vSpa elx^p^ 
xnrepiie^eBe; aoofia, Ke<f>a\a/i S* iwia^ Ta<; /lev OKTob 
OvrfTo^, TTflf Sk fi€<rrjv ddavaTOV, — Tldpre^ avyxei' 
/leOa^ ix Bvoip^ "i^^V^ fcal (T(Cfiaro<;, — Ot '^EX- 
\7ive<; erea-t^ SeKa rd^ ii/ ry Tpayabc iroXei^ Kare- 
iroKefiTiaav' , — Xefiipa/XK; i^Uo^ fuev erq e^ijKovra 
KoX Svo, ifiacrtKevae^ Be Bio w/)09** toi<: rea-a-apdr- 
KovrcL — Apa'Xfir}(:^ fi€V avkeZ^, rerrdpfov Bk iraxh 
€T£u". — JS.ap'xrjBovioc alpovaiv^^ iv rpurX firjal 
Bvo 7r6\eA9 *EXX9;i/*Sa?, XeXivovvra koX 'Ifiipav. — 
EI9 dvfip ovBel^; airqp, — M^ ^eXiSe^ iap ov irotr 
€*", ovBi (ila fUKirra iieKt. — ^Aptdfib^^* avfi- 
Tracny? t^9 oBov rfj^ dp(ifida-eto<i xal Karafidaeoo^ 
trraJOfiol Buucicr^oi Baca irhrre, irapaa-dryyai ;^tXtot 
c/caTov irevT^KOpra, j(p6vov ttXtjOo^^^ t^9 dvct/3d' 
0-60)9 Kal KaTa^da-ew^ iviavr^ koX rpel^ [irjve;, — 
Oi5S^ *H/)a#c\^9 TTpo^ Syo". — Tivppo^ iv 'IraXw 
eiroXififjaev^ Irrj^ Bio kcu fjLrjva^ ricra-apa^i, — Z17- 
voDV 6 KtTi€V9 difniyi^aaTO*^ t^9 0^0X79 eny" Bvoiv 

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NUMERALS. 35 

ieovra^ k^rjKovra, — To t^ 'tilvov t€C)(^o<; to ^v 
iyjro'i cZ^e** ttoSoSi/ eKarov, to Be TrXaro? toutIp 
apfUKTiv iinrao'ifjLov rjv* ov oe av/j/rravre^ Trvtyyoi 
Tov fjukv aptOfiov^ fjaav yp^iot, koI iremcucoaiOL, to 
S' in|ro9 eZj^oi/** TioSftJi/ BiaKociayp. 

§ 47. O/ Ile/jo-ft)!/ TratSe? otto irhne erwv /Ae- 
j^^ TCTTapcov Kal eiicoaLV iTratZevovro^ ro^evetv 
KoX aKOPTi^eiv* Kal dXrjOeveLp^. — Hapa Xfcv0ai<; 
oKTarfoBe^ ixaKovPTO^ ol* Bvo^ ^o&v Kal dfjui^^fiid<: 
Seairorai 6pt€<;. — TirapTOP d6Xop i'lreTa^ep^ Ei5^ 
pva-Oevf; 'HpaKXet, top ^FipyfidvOtop Kairpop et? Mv- 
K]]pa<: KOfjbl^eip''. — XapBapaTraXXof;, TpLaKoaro^ &p^ 
dirb titpvov^ ea-'^aTo^ iyepeTo^ ^Aaavpicop fiaai' 
\€v<:, — 'O fjL€P ireiraiBevfJiipof:^^ ovtc ip irXovTO) 
ovT€ €P Trevia TapaTT€Tat", 6 S aTraiSevTO^ ip 
dfKf>olp, — 'H 078009 KV^o<; diT dpTLOv^ irp&To^ 
iaTi Kal TOV irpwTov TeTpa/ydpov BiTrTuurva. — Me- 
a-6Ti]<; dpL0fL7]TLKrj fjLOpdBo<: Kal i^Bo/JudBof; ioTip ?J 
Ter/oa?' TpidBt yap {nrepi^cL^ Kal i/Trepe^eTat" — 
0a\^9 TTpwTO^ TOV Tjkiov fieyidov^ to t^9 creX?}- 
^779 kiTTaKoaLoaTOP Kal eiKoaTOP fiepo<; dirof^ripa- 
aOav^^ XiyeTaL^^, — 'VaBico<$ oi affXr^Tal BLirXa^l" 
0*9 T6 Kol TpiirXaaioi<; avToop^^ fia'^pvpTai^. — Ta 
BdBeKa ioTL BU e^, Tph TeTTapa, i^oKc^ Bvo, Te- 
Tpa/ct9 TpLO, — AapeiKOp eKoaro^ irapd Kvpov 
fjver/Ke^^ tov fMTjpbf; t&p orpaTicoT&p^, Xo)(ary6<i Be 
TO BlttXovp, arpaTfiyo^; Be to TcrpairXovp. — 'H/) 
fieXKcop ddiTTeadai^ BwBeKaTam dpe^Uo^*. — Mv- 
pioirXaiTia rjfiwp^ ^X^*'* V 'n'oaa 7roXi9. — MvpiO' 

3—2 

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36 NUMERALS. 

plov^. 

§ 48. Mera Ttjv irepl ^Ifiepav vavfiayiav fjuia 
<f>a>vy 7ravT€<; ol XvpaKoatot TiXcava top Tvpavvov 
direKoKovv^ evepyirrjv Kal a-tarfjpa Koi ^aaCKecu — 
'Ej/ ry eirX TlhaTaLOi^ P^XV V^ ^ avpnra<; apir- 
0p,b^ T&v p,ev 'FtWi^voyv eh SeKa p^vpcaSa^;, twv Se 
Pap^dpcoT/ €i9 irevTTjKOVTa^, — K6\^ot T0t9 Ilep- 
a&v fiaaCKevcL hid irevraerripiho^i Swpa Tjyop* eKa- 
TOP iraiBa^ koI efcarop *irap0€povr "Kpa^e^ he j(^t\ia» 
ToKaPTa fj^op^ Xi^aparov /car epiavrop, — Al 
TpauLi Ka\ovp^pac*^ ^opKvo^ koI KiyroO? Bvyari" 
p€9, fiaap fypauii anrh pea^^' epa Be 6<f>ddXp,ov ai 
rpel^ Koi epa oSoptcl el'xpp^, koI Tavra' irapd pue- 
po^ rfp^ei^op^ dW'ijKai<$. — IIoWaTrXacrto? i<mp 6 
p^i^wp dpiOp^ Tov ekdTTOpo^^f (irap Karapberpr]' 
rai^^ vrrh tov eKavropo^, — TeTpdr/a)Po<: dpidpio*; 
eoTLP 6 laoKi^ i(To^ y 6 irjrb Svo lorayp dpiO^jmp 
'7repie)(6p^po<;^\ — Top dpj^pPTa Tpi&p Set" pLpripurjp 
€j(€ip^' irp&TOP p^ip, an dpOpdyrrtop apyei^^' hev- 
Tepop, iTi Kara p6p,ov<; ap'^et^^' TpiTOP^ Ztc ovk del 
dp^ei\ — ^Avdj^apac^; Trjp apureXop e^^* Tpel^ 
(f>epeip ^6Tpv<;' top irp&TOp rihoinj<;, top SevTepop 
p.€07)^, TOP TpLTOp dr)Sia<;. — TpCTTrj ioTip 97 i}>iX,ia* 
avyyepL/crj, eraLpLKrjy ^epiKij, — 'H iraiheia rot? dp- 
6p(imroi<; SevTepo<; rjXic^ i(TTU — '^PP'V p^dXtaTa 
T&p dpiOpL&p^^ Tj T€Tpd^ dpaKeiTai", — *^09 pLia 
y\(i<r<rff Six ^X^**^ povp, ovto<; haipo^ Seipo^. 

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( 37 ) 

X. 

PRONOUNS. 

§ 49. 'O 6eo^ rjfuv ^payyv ypovov rov ^lov 
eBoDKCvK — 'Ett' aWoTpUov TrapaZei/yfiaTcov iralr 
Seve* aeavTov^ koX aKKoTpio^i eaei^ KaK&v. — Ata 
"Xxnrqv rjBrj iroWol lavrov? avriprjKcuruv\ — ''Eot- 
K€v^ 6 Pio^ Oedrptp* Slo 7ro\\dKi<; ol ')(eipv(TroL rov 
koKKlotov iv ain& Kore^ovav^ Ttmov^. — MiySe- 
TTore hovKov rjhovri^ aavrov iroUi^, — 'Tircp S6^9, 
tlhia-Tov irpar/iiaTO^, efcaarof; ijfi&p Kivhvvov^ viro^ 
fjL€V€t\ — HvOar/opa^ cpayrrjOei^^^, rl ea-TC (f)tXo<:; 
direKplvaro^^' ""AXXo? ey®." — Ma/ca/^w?", ocr- 
Tt9 ova lav Kol vovv €;!^et**. — Ar)fjLi]Tpi6<: Ti<; etTre" 
Tft) Ne/}G)i/f "(TV fiev aTretXel^^ i/Mol top Odvarov^ 
aol he ri ^l;<^t?*^" — AiBvfMov aSeX^wi/ eU ireXev- 
T97<7€*^ a')(p\a<7TiK(y; ovv d7ravT^<ra<: t^ ^wvtl^ 
rjpwTO^' 2v direOaves;^^ rj 6 aSeXi^o? aov ;" — ^X^- 
Xcumfcbf; diropwv^ Ta /SijSKia avTov iircoXeL^, koI 
ypcufxov TTpcx^ Tov iTUTepa eXeye , ^iVyxcupe 
fjfilv^ irdrep' rfSr) yap Ty/ia? rd ^c^la Tp€<f>€i^,*' — 
^Avd'xap(TL<; 6 Xfcv6r]<; ipoyTTjOeU^^ viro two^' "Tt 
eo-TA TrdXifjLiov dvOpdyrroi^j^ "Avrot," e^, "eau- 
Tol^^y — 'O XcoKpdTr)<$ TOULvra del irepX t&v 
0e&v eXeyev^^y old tw Xeycov^ evae^iaraTO^;, vofxi^ 
ferat*^. — Toi/ Aioyevrjv rt? dvorfTOV elvai, €<fyr}^*» 
6 Bk " ^AvorjTo^ fiep ovK elfil,^* €^", "toi/ Be avrov 
v/to/ rouj/ OVK €'xa> ' — Kayo) , et vfi€i<; ra ot- 

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38 PRONOUKS. 

/eaia Troieiv^ iOeKere^, eTrea-Ocu^ vfitv ^ovKofuu^^ 

— Ovhhf ovTto^ Tjfierepov iarcv, to? rjfJieU rjfitv aij-* 
ToU, — Toov KaK&v a\X' drra^ Sec ^rjTew^ aXrux^, 
aSX oi Tov 6e6v. — *f2 %aucpaTe^y irol Koi irodeif^ i 

§ 50. 'H/i€?9 Se %G)/3i9 T&v avw^Kauav tccucSiv 
avTol trap avrcov^ erepa Trpo(rrropl^ofi€v\ — Ta> 
rjfierep^ ^iq> ovk del to avTb (T'X^fia Suzfiivec^ — 
^Kfiuvov ioTLv v<f>^ krepov fj ainov i<f> kaurov hrat" 
V€urdai\ — 'O eijyjfvxo^ koX dvhpelo^; ein^x'^^ '^^ 
eavTov'^ reXevTTJv (f>ip€c^y wawep ^(OKparrj^i, — 'Etti- 
fieXov^ T^9 creavTOv '^i^^9» — 'H oKrjOeia fjuera 
irapprjclwi ButXiyerai,^ rot? dvOpooiroi^, Kol But tov- 
to' aj(9ovTai^^ airy. — HavTOV iariv o(f>iv ifcrpe- 
^€iv^^ Kol irovTipov evepyereLV^^* iKaripov rydp 77 
Xdpt^ €vvouLV ov yewa^^. — ^ypkcumKO^ oiidav 
7rft)\o)i/'* \l6ov air avT^^ et? Seiyfia^ irepii^epe'^, 

— OJto9 Sokcl^'^ fiot dpiaro^ elvai oIko^^ iv ^ 
TOiovTo^ ioTLV 6 heoiroTq^; Bi avTov^, 0I09** efa>^ 

Bvd TOP VOfJLOV, — 

'Hyovfiai^^ a'o<f>lm elvai, fiipo<; ovk IKcuxuttov 
op6w<; yirfvdxTiceiv^j oto^^^ €KaaTO<; dvrjp, — 
K5po? dirofcrecveu Xeyerai.^ avro? t§ iavTov x^ipX 
^ ApTorfeparjv, — A^yerac ^AttoXKcov ifcBecpac^ Map- 
(TvaVy vncfjaa^^ ipl^ovrd oi^ irepl <To<f>ia<i, — "Otoi^ 
'TTcuBiov iBo)" irac^ov^, xP'lpw^ t€ koI x^P^ f^^ 
^aiverat^ Kal i\€v6epiov koI irpeirov rp rod iratr- 
Blov rfKtKia, — Ylpdrrop^ev^ o dv <f>alvi]TaL^ v^ 
dpujTOV. — Et fiiXXofiev drfa06v rcva tcn^aea-fftu^ 
(fytKov, avToi<; '^fui^ dryaOoii^ Bei yeviadcu^. — Tw 

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PROmUFS. 39 

j^eljpe o Beo^ hrX rh avXKafijSdvetv^ aWrfXoiv hroir 
rj<T€P^. — XaXeTToi/ icri "KiryeLv" irepl orovovv fia- 
Oi^fuiTo^f c5^ ov 'Xpfj jiavdaveiv^, — Ovk av irorre 
irXrjOo^ ovZe wvtlvodvovv oXw t av yh/oiro^ fiera 
vov hioLKelv*^ TToXlV. 

§ 51. TSv vofjLoderoiv cfyyov iarl 5^T€tt/^ ri 
fjL€V arfoJOhv TroXct", ri Be icaicov, — *H aoD^poavpTj 
iarl Kara ILXArtDva f]Bovciv rtvcop koL hndviimv 
iyKpareca, — ''0<m<: ras Bcufiovtov rvyw; icaXXt- 
(rra ^p€i^, o5to9 iartv avfjp ao^>o^. — "AvavBpol 
lioi SoKOv<np\ iaoi rov kavrStv Oavarov dj€w£^ 
irpoirBi'XpvTcu^. — T/qXcoroX eKelvoL^y otrive^ fiff 
hrurrifioi^ avfJL<f>opah iv t^ yS/o) dBvpomo'', — Ot 
'Xpi)aTol TToJSc? Bia rov^ yovia<: aXXi;\ov9 ar^airt)" 
aova-iv^, — AvTTTjpm ^€a®, el toU efiavrrj^ top 
filov crcwfo)" KOKok. — Ki5i/a9 rpe^ets" ^vKatcrj^ 
evexa aavTQv re /cat t&v a&v. — 'OTr^re irepX 
Trj<i vfi€T€pa<: aaynjpia^ 6 dr/dv earip, vfm^ irpoa^ 
riKeC^ KCbi drfa£oi<; Kol 7rpodvfjLov<: etvau — Tlapr<ap 
tiaKurra alayypov^ aarrrop, — No/Atje" <TavT& 
Tovi yopei^ elpcu Oeov^, — *H/te?9 rjfup avTo2<: tj- 
Surra j(apc^6fMe0d^. — Ot apOpayrrov avrol elatp 
eavTOC^ iroXefJLiOL — l&v^opmp, vlb^ AlcryyKov tov 
rparyi/cov, Tpa/yiKo^ fcal avrb^^^ fjp. — 'O €\e<f>a^ 
e^^et" fivfCTTJpa koL toiovtop ical TTjXcfeovrop, Sxrre 
optI yeip&p e^eip^ avrop. — ^lEXevOepo^ jctp ou- 
T49 iarl TrXrjv Ato?. — T^" fjSe x^P^ '^ rlpe^ 
paiovcl vip; — Ti)v ifirjp cur^oKeiap aSeuiP vfup 
avTol^ elpai pofii^ere^. — 'O <ro^o9 ip avr^ irepi- 

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40 PROmUNS. 

^pet" rfiv ovalav. — H6 7^9 2^47709 aHviry/xa tjp 
ToSe' "Tt i<TTi t6 avrh^ rerpairow kcCL hiirovv 
tcaX rphrow;* — ''AvBpe^ ^lXx)1, 6 fikv arydov i^fjLtv 
irfyv<;^' Trpoa-ipyfovrcu^ ycip ol iroXifuoc, t^ Se 
aOXa T^ viK7)<i^ 0% re iroKefiio^ koX Ta r£p iro" 
XefiUov arfoOa iravra. 

§ 52. TiW Koivwvov evfiemarepop ^ot* ta9 av 
^ oSeX^oj/ iTn,€t/crj; — TloWcuccfi Bia ttjv <f>LKav^ 
rlav ol KaKU)v<!; <T<f>d<i avTov<$ irpoicplvovaL^ Tdu 
TToXv^ fieXriovoDV, — 'Kpvalov Kcd Bo^oiv xal iqSo- 
v£p Spetca iTri^ovXevovacp^ aWijXoc^: ol apOpayiroi, 

— ®€oyPi<i 6 TTOirjTTj^ irepl ovhepo<; oKKov Xoyop 
ireiroiqTaL^ rj irepl aperrj^; kclL KaKux.^, — Oific ikor- 
*)(L(tt6p ioTC (To^ia<; epyov^ opdw yiypaxTKeip'', 6- 
TToJb? eKoaro^ avrjp. — Atopvauyi 6 XvpaKoaUop 
Tvpappo^ ip rrj ^iKekia ttoXlp efcna-ep^ iir aurop^ 
TOP T^9 AtTi/^9 Xo^op, KCbi TTpoaehrep^^ avTfjp 
''ASpapop, — ^'Oaopirep rah ripm^ t&p oXXodp 
irpoe')(€L<;^f tootovtop koX Tat9 aperal<; out&p Su>i- 
a'€t^^\ — Ovto<tI dprjp ov iravaeraL^^ <pufapwp^\ 

— "Aveu €VPoLa<i ovSep 0^6X09 ovS' OTroicumpoaovp 
i7n(m]fii]<: f^lrfperat^, — Oi irotrjTal tolovtov^ Xo- 
701/9 irepl T&p 6e&p elpt^Koaip^^ olov^ oii&eX^ ap 
irepl Tc3i/ e')(6p&p elirelp ToXfi'^aeiep^'', — 'H tc3i/ 
riepaoip hvpafiL^ TrjXcKavn] ro /M&/€0o<i^ iyipero^, 
rjXiicqp ovBe/Muip oKXtjp fyeyevrjfjbiprjp tafiep^. — 
'Oiroaa arypoia dpBpcairoi e^ofiaprapovcL^, ircarra 
atcovata ravr iy<o pofil^co^. -^ 'Ei/ iJTiPi Bfj iroXec 
irXeloTOC evTir}(pv(Ti,p^f avrrj Apurra BtoiKelrai^, — 

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PRONOUNS. 41 

'£yiOi KciX iv 6>Sai9 icaX iv Xoyoi^ ol/erpct arra^ 
'KoyoTTOiovvTe^ €t9 huKpva TreipwPTcu arfeiv*'. — 
Kp*TJ79 wv^ aeX ravra^ irepl rwv airwv yiyvto- 
axe^, ^rjSev irpo^ X^^^ iroiwv*^. 

§ 53. Tlaaiv avOpdnroL^ haifuov iTrera^e^ iro' 
pov^y aWoi<$ aXXoi;9*. — Ot yipovre^ rw Srepov 
iroBa, <f>€urlv\ rjBr) ip ry Gop(p exovciv*, — "A/w^ 
1^0 Spaxoov pAXioTa eTCfiaTO^ koX ^icvO&v koX 
Twv TOLovTtov iOvSv, cTTel TTOp ixeivoi^ rj tUv tto- 
XefUKcov aaii:7jaL<i ra fiaKurra €v8o/cifi€i\ — *Ed€- 
Xo)' Trapa aov cucovecv, rjvriva yvdp^rjv e^€t9* irepl 
rod 77;/>o)9' ifiol yap 6 iv ain^ ^io^ /carcu^aive-' 
TOi* Si5o-^o\o9. — *Eai/ T*9 fiera airovB7J<i iOiXr)^^ 
OTovovv^^ rrrfxaveiv^y jiri ri/^^cij/" fieyaXrjv ex^i^^ 
Xxnrr^v. — *3i^vo^&v irepl ^AyrjaiXdov ifyqai^' **Tloir 
a9 veimjTO^^ ov Kpeirrov t6 iicelvov yvp^^i* — T§ 
avry rj^epa Tekxov o XvpoKoaio^ tov9 Kap^^So- 
viov<$ rrjv iv ^IpApa vavfia')(iav^'' ivlxijae^, xal oi^ 
IJLera AetoviBov vepl &€pfuynv\a<; BifffCivUravro^ 
Trph<; Sip^v, — Ovtol ol T^ot^ aavvafcroL^' 
iyco aov irXovaidyrepo^ elfit^ iyto aov apa^ icpeiT- 
TO)!/*** iyd <Tov Xo7t(»T€/309, iyto aov apa^ Kpelr- 
Twv^, ^Eucelvoi Be /jloXXjov avva/criKoi^' iyd aov 
irXovaidrepo^: elfJLi, tj ifirj apa tcrfjat^ T^9 afj<; 
KpeiTTeov^' iyao aov Xoytdlnepo^ elfjLi, ri ip^ri apa 
X€ft9 T^9 0^9 Kpeirrayv* av Be ye^ ovtc KTTjat^ el 
ovT€ Xi^i^, — 'H fia')(rf roov p^ekirrr&v eoT* Trpo^ 
avras'^ icolI irpof; tov<: a(f>rJKa<;, — Xa>Kparrf9 irpo^ 
TOP ehrovra^^ " Ka/^a!9 6 Belvi ae Xeyet**," ** Ka- 

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42 PRONOUNS. 

X(S9 71^^" Hv*\ "X^7€ti/»« ovtc etrndev'^r — Ko- 
ptuvaL aKKrjKai^ ela\ irLororaTai koX a^Spa dya- 
irwcL^ <r^a9**. — 'O Koff eripov (i'qy(av(!)fi€vo^^ ^ 
Koff iamov ttjv irdyrjv irepLTpeirGi^ , — ©aX^^ 
ipomjOek^, ri KOLvoraTOv^i direKplvaro^' "'EXTrtV 
Kal yap^ oU oKKo firjBip*^, avrr) TrdpeoTiv^.^ — 
"OoTi^ Xeyei^ fiep ev, rd S' epy**, e^* 0I9** Xi- 
7€t , 04(7;^ eoTti' avrov , rovrov ov/e avvoo 
irore, — %<0KpdTq<; ipcDrrjOek , ri evScufiopld^ ; 
** 'HS0J/1) d/jL€Tafi€\7]T0<:,^^ €<l>fi^. — ^Ayif; 6 ySoo-iXew 
€^** Toi)? AaKeZaifjiovlov^ fifj ipcoTav^, o'lroaoc el- 
a-lv, dXkd irov eurv TroXifuoC koI ipcorSpro^ rir- 
1^09", "Iloo-oe elal AaKcSaifiovLOi,;''^ €<lyq^ "*I/icai/ol 
T0V9 /caKoif^ d'lrepvKecv^V — ^'Enrafieiivdvias; b 0i;- 
^aro9 IBcov^ OTpoTOTreBop fieya Kal koXop, oTpa- 
Tfiyop ovK €'xpp^, " ^HXUopj^ €(fyn^y " Ortplov Kal 
KC^aXrjp OVK ep^et"." — Tp<i(rei^ to &€tbi/, &rt 

TO<TOVrOP KoX TOLOVTOP ioTlPf Wuff'" OfJUl irdpTcop 

€7n/JL€\€ia0ai'^. — ©609 Bi col tttj/jl^ ovBep,^ dX>C 
avTOi av aoi^. — TlrfPiKa fMaXiara^; — JlrjpiKa 
iarl T^9 Vfiipa^:''; — Hot'^ ^tt'" iarlv arr'" 
iiroieif;^; — Oi;S€t9 yaOero^ top 'SiCUKpdrrj rj Bid 
yp'vj^p^ fjbSXXop Tov^ €pBop fikpopra^ fj Bid Oahjiro^ 
yjv^ybepbp'^^ t^ Tre/ol a-KW, — OvBep w^^ekiiidrrepop 
fjp Tov 2o)/c/9aT€* avpeiPOA^ ip br^povp irpdyyjvn. — 
Kat" avT(v iJbot, iyyiyperai'* evpoia irpof; 0C9 dv 
inrokd^to evpoiKw^ €')(€Lp irpc^ ifiL 



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( 43 ) 

XI. 

VERBS. 

I. VERBS IN «. 

A, Tenses with ttkaltbbed verbal stem. 

a. PreB, and imperf, active. 

§54. Tai Xo7^ irpoi'xpfiev r&v SXKxov (f^y\ 

— 'H ^IvhiKYj 'Xjcipa Sattou? Kaff eKourrov ivcav- 
Tov €Ki}>€p€i fcapirov^, — At avfM(f>opal toSz/ avOpdb^ 
ircov^ ap')(pva'L, oif^ oi apOpcowoi r&v cvp^opcov. 

— Makurra yrjpaaKet irap avOpdwoL^ rj %«p«9* 

— IIoXX^l ^CK6<to<^oi ivavTiarraTa^ Tot9 avroov 
Xoyoif; €7n,Tr)S€vov(TC. — ^uXarret?, c3 ifKovaLe, to 
'Xpvaiov KaratcKriajoVf &<7Trep Aavdrjv^ Tivd\ — 
Mi}^09 i(m X6709 yfr€vBij<;y ^tfcovi^cov oKriOeuiv. — 
"KaTOTTVV rr}^ ioprr}^ ^k€C^^. — Avko^ iv atria 7/- 

f^verai'j Kav^ 4^^PV ^^^ M 4*^PV' — -^^^ ^^P f ^^'" 
vei^. — MiKpa^ TroKaid}^ awfiaT euvd^et poin]. — 
'O Auyyivrj^ €\£y€v, " Ot fiev aXXoc tcuve^^ tov? 
i'x6pov<i hatcvovoriVj iydo Se rov^ <l>Ckov^^\ Xva cdi- 
<r6)^." — @€fjLurroK\7J^ /cat ^ApiareiBrj^ iaraaui' 
^irrjv ert** Traffic 6vt€^\ — ^KvOpamov tov Bdva- 

TOV i}>€VyOVT€<; BkOKOVO'L ^/XaTTTTO? T0U9 'A5^ 

vaioir^ etKa^e to2<: ^"Etpfial^^ OTOfia fiovov exova-iv. 

— *Ayrjai\ao<; ipoiTrjBek^^ 7r(i39 av ta9 fioKurra 
wap dvOpdyjTOL^i eihoKifioLri^^ y *' Et Xeryoi,,^ €<fyr}, " Tct, 
apiara, irpaTTOV hk tcL /caWtcrro." — ^AXi^avSpo^^ 
ert** 7rat9 cSi/", TroAAa tov ^iXhnrov KaTopOovv-^ 

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44 TERBSIFia. PRES. AND IMPERF. ACT. 

T09'* ovK exO'tpev, dWci irpbf; tow avvTp€(]>ofi€^ 
vov<:^' €\€y€ iralSa^y ** 'E/aoI Bk 6 iraTrjp ovSkv anro^ 
XeZ-^et*^*" T&v ik iraiSaov Xeyovrcov^^ ori^ " Xot 
raura KTarar^ " Tt he o^eXo9," ehrev^^ " eov e;^ft> 
/lei/ TToXXa, wpd^Q)*^ Se /AiySei/ ;" — Mi} ^ijSe tw 
irevrjra. — 'H ^fK&a-ad cov fMrj * irpoTpe)(eT<o rov 
vov. — ^evy^ rjZovfiv ^ipovaav varepov /Skd^Tjv. 
— AivSpov iraXaiov fiercufyureveiv SvctkoXov, — 
*0 Tov X6Xa)P0<; vofio^i hralvov^ iarip a^io^, 09 
Kccikvec KaKco<; Xiyetv toi)? v€Kpov<:". — Oi fjukv 
^A07jva2oL /CUT iviavTov ivvea dp'^ppra^, oi Be 'Po)- 
fialoi Bvo inraTov^ dprjyopevov. — ^KOdvarov 6p^ 
ryfjv fifj <l>v\aTT€ Ovrjrof; dv^. — So^ov9 vofic^e firj 
Tov<$ dKpL^m^ irepl fiiKp&v ipi^ovra^;, dXXd tou? 
€v irepl Toov fMeyloTcov Xiryovra^. — Avo oBol iarov^, 
at 7r/)09 Ti)i/ TTokip dyerov. — Ot ^Kpeoirayhcu ev 
w/ctI koX aKOTcp iBUa^oVy ©9 fi^^ €9 tov9 Xeyov- 
Ta9, dXTC €9 Toif^ Xoyovi diropXeiroiev^^, 

§ 55. 4>/Xov9 €X^v vofic^e 0r)aavpov<; ex^cv, — 
UdvT ifCKaXvTTTGyv 6 ^6vo<; eh to (f)m ayeL — 
'H dperfj iv epyot/i ia-Tiv^, olov^ ev t^' Binxua 
irpdrreiv koX ao^d kcu dvBpeta, — Tlepla roi^ 
e^ovctp^ ov fXLKpd p6(ro^, — Ot TralBe^ d^lap Tt- 
fi'^p To?9 yopevari vefiopToyp^ — OI 7rei^Te9 Xafi- 
fiapopTcop^ Trapd t&p irXova-Uop, — M?; Kplpe ex 
TQjv Xoyoyp ao^op fj ')(pr)<nop dpBpa, top Bk ffiop 
del ejerafe' iroXXol yap KcCXd fxep Xer/ovcn, rd 8' 
epya (f>avXa exovaip, — OI AaKeBaifiopLoi ov irpiy;^ 
dpyvpiop rfjp evBaifiopiap CKpiPOP, — Atopvaio^ 

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VERBS IN Hi. FEES. AND IMPERF. ACT. 45 

irepX rrjv tarpiK^iv eairovhaae'y koX outo^ taro^ koX 
€T€fiv€ Kal €Ka^. — ''Oaov ip iroXi/Mp aihr^po^^^, 
roaovTOp ip TroXcreiai^ Itryy^L \0709. — ''Ore" oi 

lIep(T(U 0VOL€Pf TTVp OVK dvixaOP. *0 yjSifUOJV 

Si€Kci\iHr€^ T0V9 t£p ^KBripalmp OTparrffovs fiercL 
Tfjp €p Tot? ^ Kpr^iPowaL^ pavfia')(lap p.fi^ avveip 
TovTo, o iKcXevep 6 pofio^, — 'E*/ ^TrdpTrf t&v fiev 
tyepopTtop rjv^^ irpo^ovkeietp irepl t&v nrparffiaT(i>py 
Tov Be hfjfiov^^ fj KcXeveiP ^ cnrarfopeveip, — "Orap 
Tt 7rpaTT279 i<ru)P, ayaO^p iXiriSa 7rp6j3aX>C^ iav 
TO)**, TOVTo yiyvdxTKWv, OTi ToX/^17" ZiKala KaV^ 
deof; avXKafi^apei,, — Tavpov, IiKvOikop eOvo^^ rol<; 
fia(TLkev(TL^ T0U9 evpovoTCLTox)^ T&v f^'Ckcov axr/KaT' 
edaiTTov' 6 Bk ficuriXeb^ am'o6av6pro<;^ <})l\ov ^ 
fiepcy; fj to ZXop aTrerefivep wtlov irpo^^ ttjv d^lav 
TOV TcXevrqaapTo^i^. — TlapTaxpv tu^ v7r€p^o\d<: 
<j>€vy€cv 7rpoai]K€V, Bi&Keip Bk to fiiarop. — Ata tl 
a-<f>(a oSeX^ct) oi/re^ tcL iir (o<f>€\€ia^ oKKrp^ip ov 
.irpoTTerov; — 'Ael yap eS irtnTovorip oi Z7)v6<: 
Kv^oi^. — 'Att* ix6p&p iroTsXd fxavOdvovcnp ol 
aoi^L — 'A7roT/)e7ro*T€, & 6eoi, t6 Beivbp d(f> 
rjfiwp. 

§ 56. 2o\a)j/ 6 ^A67)valo<; eXeyev^' ^^Ol fiiv 
irvKTOL K(u aTaZiel<i Kal oi aXKoc ddXrjTal ovBev 
a^iokoyop (TVfifidXKovai Tal<; iroKea-ip irpcy; o-cott/- 
piaPj oi^ Bk <f>popij<Tei, Kal dperaif; Bui^ipovTe^ jw- 
vol oloL^ Te elai, to? iraTpiBa*; ip rot? klvBvvol^ 
Bui^vkaTTeivr — Tiepaai, tov9 P€Kpoi<$ ovk <eKaop' 
Oebv* yap ivo/ii^ov elvat, ri irvp' Bio ovBi BIkcuop 

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46 VERBS IN i^. FRES. AND IMPERF. ACT. 

elvai €\eyoVf 0e^ vifieiv vexpbv avOpdmov. — IIoX- 
Xa CTjfiela /cal j(apa/CTfjpa<; er/peufyov AirfLnrrioc 
avrl jpafi/idrayv. — 'Ei/ t£ t&v Oe&v cvymotrlt^ 
^AiroXXtov iKi0dpi^€, koX ai TAovaai yBov^. — ^Ap£~ 
artov^ T0U9 yJrfov^ t&v BuiX€Ktik£v rot? r£v dpa- 
yymv v^cutixoxtlv etxa^ev, — TLroXe/ialov <f>a(ri^ 
TOP Aayov^ KaTairXovri^ovTa tov9 <f>iKov<; avrov 
virep'xaipevv, eXeye Bk ajxeivov elvai, irXoxrri^eiv rj 
irXovrelv^. — Aioyivrj*; 7r/0O9 tov<; epTrvcravTa^ iirl 
TTjv rpdwe^av jxif^ ; " 'ISoiJ," (fyrjai^^, " koI Acoyeprj*^ 
irapaairov^ rpe^eu^ — 2%o\a<7T^Aco<? jiaOwv^^ otl 
6 Kopa^ virep ra" BiaKoaia errj 5S*', irpidfievo^^^ 
Kopafca €t9 aTroTrevpav erpe^ev. — Avotv Xeyov- 
TOLv^y daripov^ Ovfiovfihov^'^ , 6 firj ^imreLVtop^ 
ToU XoyoL^ ao^coTcpo*;, — IIoW'^* eXTrtSe? -^eu- 
Bovai /cal Xoyoi ^porov^. — Toy oX^ov ovBkv ov- 
BajjLov^ KptPd) fipoTol^, iv 7'^ i^dXei^ev paov ^ 
ypd^ei ^€09. — IIpo? Kevrpa firj Xdicn^e rok Kpa- 
Tovai^ aov, — 'O TrXeloTa Trpdaaayv irXeiaS*^ 
dfiaprdvei iSpoToov. — *0/)c3** yap iv %poi>«f) Blktjv 
awavT arfovaav ek <^ao9 ^poToU. 

§ 57. 01 TraXaiol ''EWiyj/e? tj/j/ Aij/irjTpa Bea- 
fio<j>6pov (iv6/Jui^op\ — ^^irl'xapiJLO^; 6 ttoctjt^^ dir 
'A;^4\\€(k)9 elXice* ro 7^1/09. — Aovfciapo^ iroXXd 
€19 T0U9 ^iXoa'6<l>ou<; direaKtOTrrev*. — Hoa-ei^&v 
awrjye* Ta9 ve^iXa*;, Kal irdparre rbv irovrov, ipr- 
pdXXcav TTJv rpiaivavy Kal irdaa^ Ta9 OviXXa^ dpo^ 
6in/€p. — ^eXdfiTTov^ ck t&v ^v&v t&v opvetov 
wpovTieye^ to jxiXXovTa. — 'Ei/ 'Atr/caXcoj/t iroXet 

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VERBS IN i^ FEES. AND IMPERF. ACT. 47 

T^9 ^vpia^ refievo^ rjv 6€a<; hnj>avoiv^j rjv wvo/ia^ov 
oi Xvpoi Aep/cerd' avrrj Be ro /lev Trpoaayirov eJ^e 
jvpavfco^, TO S'* dXKo awfia irav lxSvo<;. — Ila- 
X<uo9 aZi/09' eprfa r&v veeorepayv, /3ov\al S'* e^oua** 
t£v yepairepmv^ Kparo^. — 'Kpoyo^ Biep'jrayv ircan^ 
aKTjBeveiv <f>Ckei^, — Aidrjp Bepov^ re \afnrp6p 
iicKap/irev aiXa'^y 'xeifi&va t *® avJ^ei ovptiOcU^ ttv/C" 
vov j/€^09, OaXKjeiv^ re Kol fiij^y ^v t€ koL ^Blveiv 
7roi€Z-\ — *Ajcovaa<;^ irork 6 ^AvriaOivr)^ orv IlXa- 
reov avTov^^ jcaKW9 Xeyei, '* T^aaiXiKov,^ €<^" " fca" 

Xc39 TTOtOVVTO^ KUKm OKOVe^f^^ •* MvOVfJL€p6<$^ TTOTC 

ra ^Op(f>iKd, Tov Upieo^ ehrovrosV' ori oi ravra /iv- 
ovfievoL^ iroXKj&v iv "AiBov^ dyaOoov^ fierej(pvaiv, 
**T/ ovv^ €(fyrj^'', " ovK dTTo6vriaK€L<i)^ 'Epa)Tc5/A€i/09" 
hiA ri iTLKp&i T0J9 fjM0r)Tat<$^ eTnTrXijTTeiy " KaV oi 
larpolT <fyi]^i^9 " T0Z9 Kafivovaiv^,*^ ^OveiBc^ofiepo^ 
TTore iirl t& TroprjpoU avyyepia-OaL^, " Kal^ oi 
iarpoi^ ifyqai^ " jMerd, t&p poaoxnncop^ elaip, oXX'"* 
ov TTvpirrovcnp.^* — Mt/S'" €VTvj(fjfia firjBep cSS'** 
€<rrQ) fJier/a, i <r^ i^eiralprj fiel^op ^ y^pewp (f>po- 
peip^, /^^S'"* ai/** T* av/jL^y^ ivayepe^^ Bovkov^ 
TTokiP, oXV avro<;*^ del /jui/ipe, rfjp aavrov (f>ih- 
CLP ad^ayp ^€)8aia>9> &aT€^ ypvah^ ip irvpL — 
4>^\€t** Bl T^ xd/ipoPTi avairevBevp ^609. — Mai^- 
Tt9 S'* ipurro^** 2<rrt9 elfcd^et tcaK£<:. — Ti/creop 
yap &p^ eirpaaa-e^ ov ^Xovpy^Ka, — Oifco(f>06pop 
tfdp SvBpa Ka>\v€L yvpfj i<r0\rj irapd^evxOelaa^ Kal 
irdi^ei, BofJiov^, — Horepa Bekei'i trot fJLa\0a/ed 's^evBrj 
Xey«**, fj aKkrip dKr)df}; <f>pd^e' afj yap rj Kplai^^. 



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( 48 ) 
XIL 

b. Pra. omd im^perf, Pats, and Middk, 

§ 58. Toi? dfia0e<nv o iv yrjpa fiio^ Svc/coXo^ 
9caTa^aLV€TaiK — Tat? t£v irparffiarcdv /lerafioXcu^ 
ToWoKt^ KoX 17 T&v ^CXmv €vvoia av/Mfiera^aWe- 
rat. — 'Eai; rv firf oKijOk^f Xeyi??, /1A17 fiapio)^ <l>€p€, 
vir aXKxov iKejx^^^^^ — *^ veavlaKOi,^ e^eor^e* 
iraiBela^; xal rpeirea-Oe irpo^ rck jSeXr/o. — IIcS? 
fia')((Ofiai* Ovf^To^ &v^ rfj Oelq, rv'xrj ; — BovXoi; 
del 'Xprio'Lfiov Tt Trpoa-fiavddveiv. — QeoKpiro^ ip<a^ 
jfjdek^y Bid rl ov <rvyypd<l>€i, **'^Ota," ehrep^ "cS^ 
fiev Povkofiat, ov Svvafiai^, ©9 Bk Bvi/afiac, ov )8oi5- 
T^fiai,^* — Tbv 6pjL^6/jL€Vov vo/it^e tov fiawofikvov 
yjpdvt^ Bia^ipeiv, — 'O *Avra7uclBa<; cpcDTiy^e/?', 
irm dv Tfc9 fjLoKLtrra dpicKoi ro2<; dvOpdwoi^; ; " Ei 
fjiunapAvy^ €<^*, "StaXeyotro atJrot?, (o^eKt/McoTaTa 
Bk irpoo'^ipoirro^^ — Tripd<Tic(o 8' del iroXKa BcBaa-' 
KOfjbevo^, — ^Avfjp d^ov'Xo^; 'qSovah OTjpeverai, — 
T^* dv TA9 jSovXoiTO fiaXKov <f)i\o<s^ elvai t) t^ 
vofilfAtp, rj T^* ^TTOv^^ €xOp6^ ', — '^A ttz/" aoL XoyV" 
^ofiivoji i^amirat ^ekTurra^ ravra roU epyoc^ Bia- 
TrpaTTov. — ^AvSpo^ ^apaKTrjp i/c \6yov yvaypl- 
^erai, — HdvToyv frnKurra aavTov alcyyvov^ — 
Alpov^* fidWop Td<: eiriOvfiia^ KoXd^evv rj Bid to? 
iTTiBviila^ Ko\d^e(r0ai. — K-aOdirep ovre KSjvfyy 
yj)Vy ovre ^V)di Tapdrrerai irpo^arov* ovroa firfik 
*n'\i]0ov<s^ cri dv6i]Tov rapdrrov ^ov^. — A^ 
cxpop^\ TOP BucaaTfjp irp6<$^^ iripap BiKd^€a-0au 

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VERBS IN- io. PEES. AND IMF ERF. FAS& U 

§ 69. liaise? avBptoiroi fiovXofieOa eu vpdr^ 
reiv. — Xvfil3ov\o<; ^&K6^, fjurj koko^ ^Irfvov <f>C* 
Xoc^. — ^evB6fL€vo<; ovSeh \av6dvev irdkuv 'xpovov. 

— 'Avfip a')(api<rro<; firj vofii^iado) <j>t\jo<;. — 'AXi^ 
avSpb^ vtt'* ^AptoToriXec t& <f>cXoa6<f><p iiraiBevero, 

— TlepiavBpo^; 6 AaKehaifiovlcov vavapyp^ iv KviSo) 
7rpd9 Kovtova roy ^Adrjv€uov d^iao^ t^9 irarplZo^i* 
€fidx€To, — liipaac dyoKfiaTa /cal ficop/iv^ toI<; 
6€ol<; ov;^ iBpvovro. — Neorco/^ j/co? wv irapd Ve- 
pffviov: iTpi<f>€TO, — *0/>^€Z /ciOapl^ovrt i^elirero^ 
rd rerpdiroZa koI rd opvea kclL rd BivBpa. — '^ilairep 
oKrjd^^ firyo? ovre 7r/)09* dXrjdoih evdvverai fifyov, 
ovff^ xnro y^uBov^ Kpiverai: ovria Kal^ 6 BIkoio^ 
Kpnrff; ovff^ xnrh BiKaloDv evOvverac, ovre irap'^ dBi- 
Koi<: BiKa^erai. — ''Oirep <f>€vy€c^ 7ra0€lv\ rovro 
fit} en'i')(elpei^ Buvndevcu^^ '^ (f>€vy€i<; Bk BovKetav^ 
^XdrTov TO BovXeveadat,^. — Et /3ov\€L dja66<s^ 
€tvcu, tt/wSto? TTLOTeva-ov^ on KaKo^ el. — Ao/cetT*** 
dv^ ocKeiv yalav, el irevq^ dirw; \ao9 Tro)arevoinro^^ 
ttKovo-Icov arep^'^'y — Ka/c^9 dir^ dpxv^ yir/verai 
riXo^ KaKov. — *Opy^ ydp oot^? evOia)^ x^pl^ercu, 
fcaxw TcXeura"* TrKeuTTa jdp a^dXXet^ ^poTov^^ 

— Mi; fiov irporeivoyv iXirlB^*^ i^dyov Bdicpv. — *Hi/ 
1/609 viov Tvwrriy dp^vveadw^ '^CXal<i^ ra??" ;^€p- 
fTiv, — ^Ainlrfovo^ xnrtyxoypwv^ ttotc toi<; iroXefiiois 
iiriovacv^y ovfc etfyr}*^ ^evyeiVy dXXd BiaoKeiv to avfi- 
ipepop cTrlaca /ceifjuevov^. 

§ 60. 'El' HXaraiaU r^ ^EXXrjvi/c^ arparta 
iroKXd a-wefidXXero^ irpo^ r^v vlicqw ri t&v tottodv 

4 

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CO . VERBS IN io. 

€n€v<yx!^pla. — TlKirwf irapeKeKevero roU veoi^ 
Tpla ravra ^€W iirl fikv t&v yvay/Mciv <T(o<^poavin)v^ 
iirX ik T^9 ykcoaarj^; avyrjVy iirl Bk rwv o^aXp^v 
uiB£, — X(iaTpaTo<; 6 avXr^r^^ opeiSi^ofievo^ xnro 
Tivo^ hri T^" jovioDV daijfjuop^ ^ipai, eXeye' 'Kal 
fjuffp Sta TOVTO w^ikov* fjbdXKov davfid^ea'dcu, ori, 
air ifiov to yivo^ dp'^eTUL — *Ayr)<rtkao<; 6 Aa/ce- 
haLfiovlxov fiaatXev^ Kopov /cdl fiidij^; to irapairav 
aTreij^ero*. — Of Hvdar/opeioi ^ovro* firjSev etvcu 
fiel^ov Kouchv avapj(ia^, — '^Ore viri^pxero'' rj ypon 
^^LKri riyvri kclL ^v rpcnrov nva^ iv jaXa^v kclL 
Anrapf^avoi,^, o&ro)? are-xyo)^ etKa^ov roL foSa, wore 
i'7ruypa<f>€iv avrot^ Toif<; yp€iif>ia^^' "tovto BoS?, 
exetvo ''Itttto?, tovto Aevipov^ — ^ApyvTw; 6 Ta- 
pavTivo^i iroXiTiKO^ t€ xal <f>tX6ao(f>o<s dpfjp yepo- 
/i€Po<i^^y TToXXov? e%«DV ot/cera?, Tot9 ^TratS/bt? avTWP 
nrapv <T<f>6Bpa eTeprrero yitera t&p olfcoTpljScop^^ 
irai^ayp' fJLaKiara Se i^iXec^ Tipir^cOai, airrol^ ip 
ToU avfiTToaioi^, — KaX^oXa9 dpofid^eTO^ Paw" 
6 'Foofiaicop fiaa'cK6v<; diro t&p KaXlyayp^, iireiB^ i/c 
iraiBo^^ Ta iroXXa" ip t^ oTpaToiriBtp €Tp€<l>€To, 
.Koi ToU <TTpaTUi>Tv/col<; e'Xpr]TO^^ inroBrjfiaaiv. — 
Xaip6<f>a>pTa^^ Be ttotc 6 Xeofcpdrrj^; xal ^cupeKpor- 
TTjp^^, dBeT^u) /ih/ 0PT€^ ' dXXi]7{4>ip, iavT^ Bk 71/(0- 
pl/juoj aladofiepo^^ Bui^epofjiipa), IBo^p^ top 'Kaipe- 
xpaTTjP^ "€i7r€ fjLOi, €<l>r) , "cD XaipeKpaT€Sj ov 
Bi^TTOv KoX av el" t&p^ joiovtcop dpOpamaypy of 
j^aifJUOTepop" VOfJLL^ovai '^^fiara rj dB€X(f>6p ;*' — 
Mt/o) re Kal BiBopKa^ Kd^aploTafuu^, irXeiov ^ih 
XdatTtop axnw:^ fj (fwXdaaofJuu. 

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PRES. AND IMPERF. PASS. AND MIDDLE. 51 

§ 61. ^Kfieifiov Tat<; 7rpo<rqKOva'aL<i ')(apia'v tov? 

€V€frf€TWi. — Et fiovkev dyadot; yiyv€a0a4., irp&rov 

iruTTeve, '6tv fcaxo*; el -^ MiySel? oU<t6od fie XSyeiP^ 

W ecTC BiKaioavvrf SiSa/crov^ — M17 aUr'xyvdfieda* 

Trapd ^ivov tcL at/fi^epovra fiavddvovre^^. — 'K.apln 

Xoo? 6 AaxeSaLfiovuov ^aaCKeb^ dpiarrjp ikeye 

iroXtrelav, iv y dp TrXeioToc wo\LTev6/jL€POi irepl 

^€T7J<: Trpoq dXKi]\ov^ avev orao-eo)? dyeopl^oypTcu. 

— KpiTicu; T€ /cal ^AXki/SiAStj^:, oirre* <f>va'€t, ^CKjo* 

TtfLOTdrto irdpTtop ^Adrfpauap, rj^ovXiadrjp^ irdpra 

,(8*' kavToip irpdrreadac. — Tpdfirjp 8'* exppra fu^ 

ri <j)v<rt<i ffid^erai. — &€0P pofii^e^ Kal aifiov, ^rjret,^ 

B^ firj' irXiop yap ovSep aXXo tov ^rjTeiP^^ €;^€i9. 

.€iT ear LP eir ovk earc , fit) povKov fuweip . 

«»9 opra TovTOP kcU irapopT aei aepov. rt €otip 

6 060^ ov OeK^i, ere fxapddpeip. — Kara /MiKpbp^ 

dely (fyaai^y ^voptoa (f>p€P€^. — IS/lacpofieOa irdvre:, 

oTToraP opyt^cofieOa' to yap Karaa'^up^^ l<m t^p 

opyrjp 7ropo<s . — II9 rjoeoDf; fio:. yijope ra irpo^ 

repop^ KaKa* el fifj tot'** hropoxrp^, pvp dp ovk 

evcjypaipofiijp^. — Aet** yap ip Kapl rrjp iretpap^, 

fCo<: rj Trapoi/iia ^alp^y ovk ip t& aTparrjy^ 7/7- 

peadoA. To jxep yap Xeyevp^ co? '* Ovk dp ^fi'qp' 

Tt9 ydp dp ffKiriae tovto yepiadai ;" fi^iarop elpat 

fjLoc BoKel^ <T7jfielop direipia<; OTparrfycKrjf; kuI /Spa- 

SvTTjTQ^. — Tf) aapdhnrri Bk 6 %(DKpdTij<;, eVel ovk 77- 

fSovKero^ rb eKeiPov IfiaTiop ipBvaaaOai^ Kal 05x0)9 

cttI T771/ 0eap T^9 irofiwri^; l3aSi^ecPf effyr)^^ "*0/3a9", 

^9 ov 6€(oprj<Tov(Ta^, OeeoprjaofJiePTj^ Bk fuiXKop fioBl- 

fet? f' — Ilei/iy? \eycop ToXtjOe^'^ ov Tnareverat,^. 
' • .... • 4^^. ■ 

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( 62 ) 
XIIL 

c Pra, and imperf. of Coniracled Varbt, . 

§ 62. X/)6f/09 iravra d/mvpot koX ek XijOrjv 
ayet. — ^Ft(l>opa, 009 eoiKe^^ rov avOpdnrLvov filov 
vifJLeats Tov Oeov, rj T0C9 inrkp dv0p(O7rov* <f>povovV' 
Ta9 Tayif t^9 ^ta9 curOevela^ xnrofiifivrjaKei, — O/ 
davveroL dyvoovci, rl irore iariv iv t& ^l(p kwt 
dXriOeuiv dyaObv. — *H iraiheia 7JjM€pol Ta9 ^X^^9 
difxupovaa t6 6r)pioiS€^ /cal aryvay/Mov, — 1159* vovp 
e'xeop Tt,fidr(o koX aefiira) Ta9 twv yoveayv €i5j^a9. — • 
Ov^ orav 6 dv6p(iyiro<; iv 'ijSopy )8^«, tot€ tcara 
<\>i<nv 55, a\\' orav iv dp€T^\ — IIoWol S/)c3iat69* 
rd ai(Txi<TTa, X0701/9 tov^ dplarov^ dcKovaiv. — • 
Mera yap voaovvreov Kol^ to fuilveaOai kcCSjov^. — 
'O-^^ de&v dXeovai, fivXoty dXeova S^ XeTrra*. — 
^^pcrnjdeh* 6 ^AvTicdivrf^f t/ toov iiaO-qfidrcov 
dvar/KOioTaTovJ ; *'Ti irepuiipelv^^ €^^^^ " to aTTo- 
fiav0dv€iv^\^^ — A. ®ebv Bk irotov^ eliri^ fioi, vorj^ 
7€ov^ ; B. Tbv irdvff^^ bp&vra koutov^ ^^^ bpoh- 
/levov^''. — Tl TTOT " iarlv dpa Siorv ^ovXeral fi^ 
tSeiv; fj Kaddirep ol voaovvresi'^ aKrfovvres:^ cr^o- 
hpa^ TOP larpov av^ tSoyaiv^, ovfc ahrfovtr^ erf, oi5- 
T6>9, orav TA9 Tvyxd^V^ \v7rov/i€Vo^y rJTTov ohv* 
varaiy <f>ikov idv irapbvr^ Ihrjl" ; — ''Orav Zh rrapa^ 
TqpovvT^ ZSo)", rk eirrapev^^ r) rk iXaXrjaev'^, ^ 
rk i<mv 6 rrpolwv^ afcorrovvra, rr(o\& rovrov 
evdi^ iv dfyopa. avr^^ fioBl^et xal XaXel** teal 
Trrdpwrav^ iKaaros rj/i^v, ovj^ toa9 iv t§ ttoXcu 

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PEES. AND IMP. OF CONTRACTED 7ERBS. 53 

— M17 akrfuve caurdv rovTO ji/ypda-tctop 2x4, irap 
iroT dvOpaoTTOKrip 17 Tt5^ yeXf^, wavrofp a^pfirj 
Twp Kok&v evpia-Kercu' irav Se hvarvyy Tt?, ovS'" 
€v<f>pcuP€Tai. airapra Pixa koL fieraaTpi(f>u Ti)j^, 
cvhel^ Se viK^ firj OeXxwai]^ t^9 TtJj^9. — 'Attc- 
pvdpia^ 7ra9, ipvBpia S'* ovSek ert. — Ti SoireZi/ 
Sui/3o\'^p €a)(€*^ /JLei^oD rod ttoccIv. — Jlpdrov^; kav- 
Tovf; oi TTpoBoTCU TTosikovaip. — ^laoKparrj^; eKeyep* 
"^A ircuT'xppTe^ v(f>^ erepayp 6pyl^€<r0€f ravra roi^ 

§ 63. ^Oprfri ere iroXKci Bpop dvarf/ca^ei kokcL 

— ^Avfjp TTOPTjpb^ BvaTvxjet^ /cav^ €vtv^. — Ev- 
nrxpifj^^ Kol Tvyxdpoi,<; &p iTrcdvfieU. — Tovek ai 
rlfui KoX <f)l\ov^ evepyereu — ^A /ii) Set iroielvy 
ravra fifjSe* ivpoet iroiecp, — *0 pofio^; KeXev^c 
Tifiap T0U9 rffv irarplha ikevdepovpra^, — *W firj 
irpoarjiceif p.ryT Sucove p>riff Zpcu — 'O fiep yetopy^ 
rfjp ryrjvy 6 Be <f>iXoao^&p rfjp '^vx^jp i^ficpot — 
Hio/Stf JScra* \l0o^ eyipero^ iirl t& tv/jl/S^ t&p 
TTaSoDV, — '^Airapff^ 6 Xifib^: yXvKea nfKfjp avrov 
iroieL — TeXo? opa filov. — Oifre avraZiKelv'' htl 
ovT€ tcaxtS^ irovelv ovBepa dpOpaoTro^py ouS'* ap* oti- 
ovp^^ Trda-^ vtt'" avrcop. — Top <\>lKop Bel eiepye- 
reip, OTTO)? ^ fiuXKop ^t\o?, top Be ix^P^^ <l>l\op 
iroielp^. — OlofiepoL^^ rd xaKU d/yadd ehai, iiridv^ 
fJLOvo'LP^*' avTWP. — Ti fiep ao^bp tcoKelp^ efwpye 
fUya elpcLL Boxel tcai 6e& fwp^ irpiirov, — 'Etr^^a'ny 
diiKla^ BoKup Bixaiop p.fj oi/ra". — At'" iKiriBo^ 
£5" Kal Bl iXiriBo^ Tpi<f>ov, — 'Opa? rhp xr^ov 

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54 TERES IN ui. 

Top^ aireipov aldipa, /cai yfjv Tripi^ eypvd'^ vypcur' 
iv arfKaKat,<;\ tovtov vojii^e Zrjva, riv^^ tjyov' 
dew, — ^Ajrjaikao^ KoKa/iov irepi/Sa^^ tinreite 
fiera tov viov ttoaSo? ovTO<:^y xal tt/^o? rov jekd" 
cavra** ctTre*, " Nvv fiev aiooTra, irav Be yevrj^ irarffp 
aino^^y Tore e^epm^^ — 'EycJ he Xvirovfuu^ fihf 
eU vTTepPdkfjv eirl rot? irapovavv^f iv Se rfj Xvirp 
<f>pov£^ TOVTO fie TO rrjpovp eon KavSpamov^ Troi- 
ovv, — ^i6vo<; irore TrtTrroucn;?", rjpero'^ 6 ffaai" 
Xe^ t£v %kv0wv^ TLva yvfipov BiaxapTepovpra, 
el pi^anj ; 6 Bk aprrjpero^ airrov, el to fieray'Trop^ 
ppy^; rov Bi oif <f>i]aapTo^^ ' "Ou/cow," ehrep^, 
" ovBe eyo)*' wa^ yap fkeravop elfiL^ — TeXa S'^ 6 
fiwpo^y Kup*^ TV p>rj yeXjolop ^. — EI? apfjp ov 
irapff^ opa. — ©eov Be Trkrjyrjv ovx virepTnjBa 
PpoTo^. — AouXoi ^popfjfia^ TO dlj>piBtop^. — T» 
diro/cpipofiipcp fierpop earo)^ tj tov ep<0T&pT0<i ySou- 
Xi7<rA9. -^ 'O KaT6>i/ eXerye, toop pe<op fjuaXXop dya^ 
irdp*^ Toi^ epv6pi&PTa^ rj tov<; w^uoptw^, — T(3i^ 
iropoyp^'' ircciKovaip rjfilp Trdpra Torydd'^ ol BeoL — 
^(OKpaTTi^ eXeye, tov^ jxev aXKoxr^ dp0pamov<i ^fjp, 
ipa eaOioiep, avTO^i^ Be eaOUip, ipa ^^tj, — TapTOr- 
\ov^ fierd OdpuTOP ^rjfiia fjp del koL ireiprfp koX 
Bi'y^rjv, — ^^PTevOep opyfj TLepiKKerj^ ovKvpj7no<i^ 
7](TTpaTrT^, e^popra, ^vpe/cvxa ttjp 'EXXoBa. — 
&e/iurT0KX7J^ eXeyep, Zt* ovk ianj avTOp KaOevBeiv 
TO TOV yiCXTidhov TpoTTcuop. — ^t\o9 ^iXtp ydp 
avpjTTOP&p auToU TTOpeu — '^Clawep, eireiBdp Bei- • 

TTP&fiep TTov, Tore wXelaTa XaXovfiep anapTe^, 

M^ (f)06pei ToZ? evTX/xpvac, fif} Bo/c$<s elpac Kaxo^;, — --' 

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PRES. AND IMP. OF CONTRACTED VERBS. 55 

Mo^^etl' dvarffcrj tou9 OeKovra/; €vtv^€ip, at<rj(p6u 
re fjLox0€iv fiTJ 6e\ei,v veaviav. — O* Kokaice; rayv 
iv raZ^ fiera^oXaU atroppeova-LV, — %ti}Kparri^ tov 
adfuiToq'^ avr6<; t€ ov/c rj/xiXei, rov^ r dfieXovv^ 
rajs; ovk iirpvet'^, — - ZrjXov rov iaffhJov avSpa koI 
rov <j'(i<j>pova. — J^oanj irarpl^ dvdpdmfov dirdvr(ov 
6 Koafio^ ioTLv, Sxnrep rj^iov 6 S(0Kpdr7i<;, — *E^* 
olav^ fifj <j)povci, aiydv <l>tXol>. 

§ 64. ^AyTja-tKao^ 6 /jb€ya<;, iv fiiaoi^ toZ? 
orparuiyraL^ aKrjvwv, ovSevi^;^ d/juetpova koIti]v elr 
^ei/. — ^ Ol iraXcuol '^EXXiyi/e? irlfiayy 0€ov^ UpoU^ 
dvajQrifjMai, Bvaiai^;, iravrjyvpeat^ irpoaoZoL^, — ^ 
Sa\/t6>i/6i)9 Ait dvri^povrdv irvXfia, — Taivia Trap* 
oXrjP a^^eSov rrjv Atyvirrov rraprjKeiy rol^ direipoi^ 
r&v trpoarrXeovrcov d6paro<;. — ^AttoXKodv Sid r&if 
y^pfjc/jLcov KoX r&v Oepaireiouv evTjpyerei* ro r&P 
duOpwiroav yivo^;. — IIoXXov? rfBrj^ KaTCUJypoveiP 
irapatvovvra^ yjpvilidr(av^y icopmv* dirpX^ exofihov^^ 
ainr&v. — 'Icro/c/^an/? irap^vet,^ r&v joveayp^ tow 
BiScuTKoKov^; irporijJbdv* Tot)9* filv yap rov ^rjv, rov<: 
Be rov ev §71/ elvcu alriov^, — Oi5 ft6i/09 IIXoOto^ 
rv<f>kof; earip, dXXd xal^ rj oSrjyovo'a avrov Ti);^. — 
TcSi/ rfiov&v <l>(ovrj eari /Mrj Treivrjv, /irj SiylrfjVy /jltj 
piTf&v, — ^Ava^ayopa^ 7r/>09 rov^^ Sv(TJ>opovvra, Zr* 
€7rl ^evri^^^ reXevra, " UavrwxpdeVy^ €^^", " ofioia 
i<rrlv Tj eU "AtSov" Kard^cuTi'^r — Kpdrrj^; *jrpo^ 
Veow TrXovciov^^ TroXXoif^ KoXafca^ ifnavpSfievoVj 
" Neai/«<r/c6," elwev^^y " eXe^ aov rfjv epri/ilav.^^ — 
"Or^ evrvx^i fiaXiara fifj fieya ^povei, — %ap^ 

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M VERBS Ij^ to, 

O-09 ow "Koytp atpcv, rb Bk fier^ akoyia^ cv^'' diro- 
oTvyeu. — IIoXXol Bokowtc^ iavrov^ ^CKelv ovk 
d'SajOw^ ^iXovatv. — ^Ava^^apai^ fuiddp^ Terrapw: 
ScucTvkov^^ elvav^ rb ira^o^ rrj^ ved^, Toaoirrov 
6^" Tov Bavarov^ tov? ifkeovrw; aTre^^eAv. — 2x<>* 
Xa(rrt/co9 vctvar^eiv fiiXKeov irivaKlZw; yrev^^ Zva 
Bia0i]/ca<: ypd^t)' roif^ Bi olfcera^ 6p£v aKr/ovvroM 
Bid TOP kIpBwop, "M^ XuireiaOe^,^ €^", ''eXev- 
Oepoo yap vfjbd<;.^^ — ^PV^ A^* rouivff 6 ^oi/3o^* — 
'H/i€t9 S'" dfilarrop ^oofiev dvOpanroi^ jSiop. — 0a- 
\rj<; iparrrfOek^, irm dp dpurra koX Bv/ccuorara 
^i^fMCp"^; "'Eai/," %", «a ToZ9 a)sXoi^^ €7rm/i<i5- 
fA€i/, avrol p,fj Bp£fi€P^.^* — '^Ottov dpBpe^ 0€oi^ 
fji€p aefioicPf iroXe/jLi/cd Be daKoiep, iruOap^Lap Be 
p^Xer^ep, irm ovk eUh^*^ ipravOa irdpra^ p^arcf^ 
ikirlBayp dryaffoop eh/av ; — To** tov XoXxapo^ €v^ 
€X€i' Te\o9 opa fJMKpov fiiov^. — To 8' €v^ piKarto. 

— 'O IS^toparaprtpo^ IBelp e^rj^^ ip avr& r^ ovpap^ 
cravpov rponaiop, ix (fxoTO^ (rvpuTTdfiepop^, ypor 
4>ijpr€avra>avpij<f>eaL*^\€rYOV(rap TOTTfll NIK A. 

— 0€oi) 0€\oPTO<;*^ Kap^ iirl piirbf: TrXeot?. — Aw>- 
jhn^ wfMolov^ T0U9 <f>iXapyvpov^ roc<: vBptoiriKol^, 
— ^O? oiJS'** h ''KiBov^ TOP dapoPT^ i\€v0€pol. — 
Tovff"^ €Talp6<; ecTip oz/tg)?' oifK €p6)T^, in^pUa^ 
Betirpop ioTip ; &<nr€p eTepoi*^^ Kal tL Beinrpetp /c<o^ 
Xvei Toi^ irapovra/;^ ] — To^a Sj) dKovovac /3o(6p^ 

TCHP T&P OTpaTMOT&P^ " SAAATTA, eAAATTA," Koi 

TrapefyvdpTtop. €P0a Bfj e0€op diraPTe^ koX oi orrt- 
<r0o<f>v\aK€^f Kal Ta viro^vyta rjXuvpero^^ Kal oi 
vmrot. errcl Bk o^Ikopto irdpTe^ iirl ri oKpop^ ip^ 

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I 



PRES AND IMP. OF CONTRACTED TERES. 57 
ravOa Srj Trepii/SaXKov^* dWi]kov<: Kai orpaTrj^ox^ 

irap^f^vriaavTfyi'^ oi {TTparmrcu ^povtr^ \l0ov^ 
Kcu TTovova^ Kokoavov fiiyav, 

§ 65. 'O fiTjSev dSc/c&v ovBevh^ Beirai vo/iov. — 
'Mifiov ra a€fii{a, firj KaKov<; fiifwO rpoTTov^;. — Ma- 
Kopiosi^j ZoTi? ova lav icai vovy e;^€f yprfrat yap 
OVT09, eh a Set, ravrjf^ KaK&^. — ^ApeaKov Kal 
arfofKa toI^ irapovat^y icaX firjBev airwv a^opr^Tov 
otov, — n©? dv T^ rjTTov^ inro TroKeo)^ ^7j/jlioIto\ 
TTftk S'* av fiaXKov rifiwTo, ^ et TOt<? t^9 iroXeay^ vo- 
fiOi^ TreldeaOav iirix'^ipoirf ; — Ueipoi rv^^ dvoiav 
evj(€p£<$ <l>ip€tp. — Tot? ji€pi/ivw<rv koX XvirovpA- 
1/0*9' airaaa vv^ fia/cpd <}>aiV€Tau — OlvoTriBrj^i 
op&v fieipcLKLOv iroKKa ^ipkia /crdfJievoVy ehre^' 
** Ml) T& Ki/Sayr^ ^^*» dXKd r& ar^deL^ — Now 
opa zeal voih aKoiei* ToXKa^^ Koa^d koX tv^Xo, — ^O 
fbhf ry€Ci)py6^ rffv yrjv, 6 Bk <\>CKx)(ro<f>&v rrjv '^vyrjv 
i^fiepol* — HoXXot, irplv fiev ireivrjv^^, ia-dlova-i, 
trplv Be Biyjrrjp, irivovatv. — IlXei? rfjv OakarTav 
a"XpivUi)V TfcoXov/iivcov^ ; — 'H/^eZ?^ B* ^x®it€9 dppa- 
fi&va^ TTfv rexyrjv rov ^^jp^*, del Treipoofjuev iirl raU 
iKiriacp, i^op^ re /juiKpop BunroprjOr^pav^ 'xpopop, 
TOP /3iop airaPTa tox/to Bpdp^'' alpoifieOa^, — ToO*® 
yap T*9 dXKoVy irpo^ 6e&v^y irdrep, ovveic dp ev^- 
atTo^ irXoirrelp eviropeip re ^xprj/jLarayp^, fj^ tov 
Bvpaadai^ m-apafiorjOeZp to*?" <f}lXoi<;, <rrrelpeip re 
KopTTop Xa/3tT09 rjBlarrj^ dedop ; rod phf irielp^ yap 
MoX ^ayeip*' ra? 17801/0? e^xpfiep ifioia<:^* WX^^ 

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58 7ERB8 IN ^ 

Toi^ XafiTrpotat -Se Zeitrvoi^ ro ireivfjv iraverau — 
Mfj ^d/3o9 cr€ vLKOLTto ^piva^^. — Ovfc lor t*^ Tot9 
/Lti) Bpoia-c avfipxL'Xp^ TV'xri* — Oi 7roir)Tal ra avrckf 
7roLi]fiaTa xal oi waripe^ rov<; iraZicv; ofyairwaiv^*. — 
To fiev <r&fia TroWa/ct? kolI ireivy koX hv^'^ rj Sk 
'^uxtf TTch civ fj Si'^wfj ^ ireivmi ; — "Aircana^ rj 
iralZevGC^ rj/iepov^ Troveu — ^Exaarrf i^Boir^ icaX 
\inrq Trpoar)\oL rrjj/ '^xrxrjp 7r/>09 to aw/ia koL 
TTOtet <r(D/JUiTO€i£fj, — 'A^tSa/A09 irpcx: t6v^ iircu^ 
vovvra KiBapfpiov^ Kal davfiafyvra rrjv SiifafiLv 
avTov, "*X1 X^Sore**," ecfyrj, "ttoIov yepa<i wapa aov 
T0i9 dryaOol^ avZpaariv earac^ orav Ki0ap<pS6v ovro^ 
hraLvy<; ;" — Topyla<; rjStf yrjpatM virdp^cjv, ipto- 
TtfOeis^, el ^SeoK*^ airoOpija'Koi, **"H^taTa'®/' ehrev^f 
" wirrrep Be i/c aairpov Kal peovro^*^ ol/ctZlov^ a- 
afiipd)^ aTraWdrrofiaL,^^ ^— Oi €<f>opoL ixavoi elai 
^f)fUovv ov ca/^ fiovKjcovTOi. — IIotoi/ irav riBh fjp 
'%wKparei, hut to /Lti) iriveiv^, el firj iv^mi. — 'O 
^AXi^avBpo^ VTTO AvalTnrov fwvov avrb^ rj^iou 
TrXarTeadav^. — SificoviBri^ ipayrrjOek^, iroaov XP^ 
POP ^cmi^, ^^'xpovov*^ ehrev^, '^ oXlryop, enj Bk 
iroXKa,^^ — 'H awrjOeia KOpop yeppa' ohcovpre^ 
yr}p ^rp-ovfjuep OdXarrap, Kal TrXeopre^ iraKip irepi-^ 
aKoirov/iep top drypop*^. 

§ 66. 'Op^€V9 o /iteXoTTOto? Buuf>€p6pTeo<; ep ral^ 
%ijl3ai<; fhifmro. — To ^uaofiaXKjOp Bepa^ ev 
KoXj^o49 e^povpelro inro BpaKopro^ axhrpov. — EiJ- 
"kafiov Ttt? BvajSoXd^, k&p^ -^evSew ciaip** oi yap 
>jToXKol^ T^v fiep dKi]0euiP d^oova-i, irpb^ Bk rrjp. 

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FRES. AND IMP. OF CONTRACTED VERBS. 69 

Sdfaj/ airopKeirovaiv. — 'Ei' AcueeBalfiovi t§ ev^ 
vofJUOTaTt) ov irkrfiei ypa/MfJiATCJv^ ij ttoXa? BimKcl* 
TO*, TToXv Sk fiaXKov roh rporroi^ t&v irdkLrevo^ 
fieveov. — 0/ ^Adrjvam %6\<t>vL vofModerp exp&mo^ 
Trpo^ Trjv irdkneiaVy kclL rj^iovp Kara ra irpoara-^ 
f^fiara airrov ^i&vau — At ircCKauiL'^ r&v ^vvcur 
K&v Tov^ irohwi aav8a\ot<; tnreSovirro^. — Taw* 

Tov av/JLTroaiov e7r€/i€\€?ro. — *0 l^a\o<: worafib^ 
rrji; Svpia<; rjv ifkripfq^ l)(jSv<ov fieydXcav /cal irpor- 
€iov, ov^ oi %vpOL Beoif^ ivofii^op Kal dSiK€ip ov/c 
€?ft)j/". — Oj5 XuTTovPTa"^ Set ircuhapiov opOovp^ 
aXka Kal ireidoprd ri, — '^O? 8' our' ipvOpiav^^ 
olhep ovTe BeSiipai, ra irpwra^ irdarj^ t^9 ai/ot- 
£em9 €X€t^ — Zcofiep yap ov^ cJ? 6iXjo/Jb€p, aXX 
cfc BvpdfieOa. — Ta irpooTreabpTa^^ irpoahoKav 
anravra^ Set apOpcDirov ovra^^' Trapa/Mepei yap ovBk 
?!/". — *0 /3ovK€Tat yap jjlopop op&v koX irpoo"^*^ 
ioK&p, aKoyKTTO^ itm rr}^ aX^rjdela^ Kpirrj^, — *X1. 
TpuradXioi, ri irXeop expva-i rwv aWtov; fiiop w^ 
olfcrpbp i^aPTXovaip oi ra (f>povpia Tqpoxhne^, ol 
rd^ oKpOTroKei^ Ke/crrjfjUpoi^, el ircana^ tnropoovaiv 
WTfO paBico^^* iyxeiplEiov C'^ppra^; avrov; irpoaU' 
vac^* oiap Bucrjv' BiSoaaiP^. — Ta& iypdylraro^ 
Kol apTdyfjLoa-aTO^ MiXrjTo^ "MeXijTov^ TliOeu^^^ 
Xa)Kpdt€t,^ '^(D^popiaKov^ ^AXoyiretcrjOev^' dScxeZ 
XdKpdrrj^y oth fiep tj ttoXi? pofiil^u deoif^ ov pofii^. 
fo)!/, erepa Sk Kaipa BaifjLOPia eiarjr^oifiepo^^ ' oSi- 
Kel hk^ KoL^ T0V9 peov<; BuufyOeipoDP* Ttfirffia^ Od- 
paros* — 'Zo)KpdTr)<; ^Ap\€Kdov fierairepnrofUpov*^' 

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>45 



.» 



60 VERBS IN 01. 

avrhv w? *iroifj(Tomo<i^ irKovauw^ iKeKeva-ev** dw^ 
ar/yeZKaL** avr^, on ^Adrivrjav^ rerrapk elat ;^o/- 
VLK€^ T&v oK^Itodv o^oKov^ wvioiy kclL Kprjvai, 
vharo^ piov<nv. — Mv<r& S'^ eyw koI^ Xeo/epdrrjv 
TOP TTToo'vov oSoXco^j', 09 ToXKa^ jMhf ire^povTi,- 
K€v*°y OTTodev hk Bui^Hxryetv^ e^o^**, toiJtov /caTrj/ii 
\rjK€P*^. — Apdrca*^, {fypoveiro} fielfyv fj Kar dvhp 
Idv*^. — Apdrco, KpareiTCi) 76pS€ top fipa'xpv xpo- 
vov*^' — 'EX€i;5e/>oi)T€* irarplZ'^, iXevOepovre Se'^ 
iralBa^. — Hkovret^ re yap xar oIkov, el )8oi5Xefc, 
fiiya^, Kol 55** Tvpawov'^^ ^^/** ^^v. — Olhlr 
irov^ oipdov^ iroKiv. 

XIV. 

B. Tbnsbs with altered verbal stem. 

a. Active, 

§ 67. OiJSel? Twp dpOpmrcup irapcL irdpra rhv 
l3iop eifhaijioprjau, — "KelXnop hv<r)(€paipopT6^^ r*- 
po<; iirl Tot9 eairrov KaKol^, ehrep' "E^ rd irdproDP^^ 
Karaporjaec^, ^ttop* eirl roi^ aeavrov iva^oprj^ 
cr€A9." — Toy9 yopia^s hf ri/iy €^(op irpd^ei*;^ kcu- 
\c39. — Ol dphpetoi dSdvarop iiprjp/qp kavr&p ko- 
TCiKei'>^ov(np, — Ovk alpeo'to irork rov ')(priaTd fiep 
XiyovTUf KaKa Be Trpdrropra, — Oi) pofiil^io vfid^f 
irore i<; roaovrop^ djiekela^ ^fc^r, cocrrc Kal rd 
fifj SUaia eirtTpeireip. — Alap <^CK(ip a-eavrop^ ov'^ 
c|€A9* <I>lKop. — Oi fiff hui<f>vKd'TroPT€<; rrjp irpo^ 
TO deiop evai^evap, ttoXv fjuaXXop oi'' huLvriprja-ovai, 
rd irphi dpOpamov*; SUaui, — "MaKaptovfiep^ rov 

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T£yS£S WITH ALTERED VERBAL STEM. 61 

yepovTo, Koff oaov* iTTiOvfiioiv iKevOepo^ iariv. — 
"^XiTL^e Tifi&v T0V9 yovia^ irpd^cLv^^ Ka\w<;, — 
UXovTt^e T0V9 <l)tXx>v^' aaxrrov yap TrXovrtefe*. — 
IIoWol T&v 'E\\i^v(av veaviat i<f>oiTa)v irpo^ roi 
T&v ao^LCTwv Ovpa^ rekovvre;^ avroh 'xp^fiara 
teal oKOvabfievoi}^ rrj^ ao^La<; airwv, — Et fikv 
iroXifjLOV ^povrieh^j tov aaxrrov fiiov Koi rbv tc3i/ ^ 
SXkoav Tapa^ets' el 8* elptjin}^ (f>povTi€2^, aavT& re 
KCii Tot? aKXoL<; iroXKa ^vfi^ipovra iropieL<i^, — 'I<^a- 
KpoTTj^ dv€iBi^6/i€vo^ cttI Svoyepcla, "'£7(0 ap^co,^^ 
ehre^f " tov yivov^,** — Sivov oBiKi^aet^ ovSeiroTe, 
Kcupbv Xa^dv^. — Tvfwa^e iralha<i' ov yap avSpa 
yvfivaa-€i<;, — 'No/iLovfi€v^ ofioiax: daefielv tou? re 
Ta 's^evBrj \e,yovra<i irepX Oeov KoX Toi><; iriarevov^ 
TO? avTot?. — Kotj/^9 tarpon ae depairevaet, 'xpo' 
V09. — Tojj "Itoai, fieya^ ^v <f>o^o<;, fifj 6 Aapeto^ 
TToera^ Tr\<; ^I(ovla<; 7r6\€i<; avarpe^ou — AUoMi 
%pa<ja^ av^ipA'^v^ Jfet? 6eov^, — 'O XPV<^^ ^^^* 
T0Z9 iicyQVOt,<i^ <f>VT€v<r€L. — Hdpiv ro^olai, Tot9 
ipLolai,^ voa^ieh^ Plov Trepo-et?" re Upoiap, — 
^AyafiAfivfov riyplaivev^ ivreXXofievo^ Xpvaj} vvv 
T€ aTTLevoA^ Kal av0i9 pifj iXffelv*^, firj ain& ra 
TOV Oeov orififiaTa ovic iirapfciaoi, — "H/co/lccv 
iKK\i]atd(rovT€9 irepl iroXifiov Kal elprjvr)^, — 'Ht- 
iryyvovTO el Trapome^^ jirfiev (io<l>€\i]a'oi€P roi^ 
avfi/jLo/xp^' — Otfioi, tI Spdaei^; ovBk firfinnijp 
j(p6pov Be^ec Kaff^ tjfAcoPf oKKa /i ^^6X^9' X^owj 

§ 68. "EiVpvaOei^ Ta9 Tr)pv6pov tov Tpca-cofid* 
TOV fiov9 "Hpf ^vaep. — ''H^at<rro9 irpo<rrdryfiaT$ 

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62 VERBS IF io, ACTIVE. 

Aib^ UpofirjOea top Tiravd to5 Kav/rao*^ wpoaij^ 
Xaxrev, — Zeu? Tawfirjhrj airo t^9 ''I&y? fjpriratrev^. 

— Oinrdmore il^rjk(o<Ta avOpeoirov irXowTioVy aTro- 
y^vovra firfiev c5j/' eyei, — : 'K.aXeirov to iroietp, to 
Se KeXevaac paBiop. — *^vloi Xeryovaiv, ^Ofi^qpov 
firokvv ypovov ip ^Idd/crj hcarph^ai, — Haaip dp^ 
.0p(OTroi<: haifuop iirera^e^ iropoxn^ aXKoi<; aXKov^. 

— At T&p (j>pepSp rapa'^ciX KaV <ro^6p Trape- 
'7T\ay^ap\ — Oi @pa/ce<; Xeyoprac^ ZdfjLoX^cv top 
vofiodeTTjp diraOapaTLaai. — 'Sep^ov ypd^apro^'', 
yUe/i'^op Td &7r\a," Aewi/tSa? dpTeypaylrep, "''H- 
jccop Xa^e'." t— Sooaop iraTpwop oIkop, eKatoaop 
S' €/LC€. — ^Op ovSe eU \e\r)0€P^ ovBk li/" woiSp, 
pvS* av iroirjo-cop, ovSk ireiroLrjKW^: wdXac, ovtc Oeo^ 
OUT dvOpcoiro^, ovT6<i elfi eyci, ^Atjp, op dp t*9 opo^ 
jjLaaeLe Kat. Jlia* eyco o , o ffeov aTiP epyop, eifii, 
7rapTaj(pv' kpiavff ip ^Adr/pai^, ip HdTpai^;, ip S*- 
KcXia, ip Tat<i woXea-c iraaaunp, ip Tal^; oUicu^ 
irdaai^. ip v/mp irdcnp ov/c €<mp^ totto?, ov firj 

(TTLP arjp o 0€ irapoDP airaPTWXpv wean ef 
dporf/d]^ olSe^^. — ^ETpv(j>7ja€P ware fifj iroXifP Tpv- 
<f>dp ypopop^'^. — 'iA.TihevL avfKf>opdp opefZiari<i^^ ' koi- 
.pfj^^ yap T) Tu%i7, KoX to fiiXXop dopaTOP, — A^- 
..Bov<;^ irapd wdaiP a^t,o<; eaei^^j idp nrp&rop dp^rj^i 
aavrhp alSeurOac, — Aioyiprj^ Xv^op ficB* rjiiApap 
of^a^, ""Ai/^pcoTToV," €<f>7f^, "fiyrco." — 'Tirep o-e- 
axrrov firj <l>pdar}s^ eyKoofiiop, — X.prjo'/io^ fjp toZ? 
SooScKa rjyefioavp, 09 dp avrcop ix ^aX«;^9 <f>idXrj<f 
.Wp&TO^ ip M.€fi<l>u aireiarj^ tw 06^, Kparrjaeip^ 
MVTov irdarj^ At^yirnTov^, — ScoKpdrrjt; hravae fikp 

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TENSES WITE ALTERED VERBAL STEM. 63 

uKpcurela^ iroWov9, ap€T^9 iroii^aa^ hri^Ovfieiv koL 
ikirSba^ 'rrapaaxdop^, iap iavr&v hrijieKMvraAj ko^ 
XoiJ? Koryadov^ ecea-diu^ • xairot ovhewdmoTe {nre- 
4rxjsT0^ SiSatTKoXo^ ehat^ rovrov. — KT^dvdry: 
4p€0TW/jb€P0^, Sia Ti iraph Toh ap')(aioi^ ov TroXXcoy 
^>iKoao^a'avT(OV^^ opL(o^ irXeiov^ BiiXafiy^av^ rj vvv; 
•* "Oriy* cJttc", " Tore ^ev epyov i^afceiTO^, vvv Bk 
"X070S." — 'A/);^/SayLM>9 rov ^AyrjaiXdou ivltcqaev 
'*Ap/caSa9 rrjfv 'K6ryofi€i/r)v SZcucpw P'ix'l^^' ®? ^^ 
A^foffiT? T^9 /^«X^?" Tpoiraiov icmfjaaTo^^ evOw; 
'hrep/y^^p oucaSe arfyeXovma^ ArjfioTiXr} top kt}^ 
pVKa T^9 T€ pLktj^ to p,ey€0o^ kcu oTb AaKeBaipxh- 
vUcv fihf ovSeh TeOpairj^, t&p hk iroXep^ioyp irapr- 
■wXiy^e??** Toif^ piproi ip XirapTj^^ e<f>aaav^ o- 
Kovcraina/^y ap^ap^vov^;*^ cnro ^AyrjarcXAov Kal twp 
■yepopTmp koI t&p i^opcop, irdpra^ t/cXaeiP* ovrct) 
KOivifP TL^ apa^ X^P^ ^^^ \inrrf hcucpva itrrip. — 
ZrjT&p 'TSipp,rjp 7\tr^afc** KkpKonra^ eyXvyp'O. — 
Tou9 irXeopa^; kokIov^ Bk B^? airetfyqve*^ UpLfjpev^;. 
— To tcupo^ Koxop ^9 direr urep^^' — E2t ** €V0v^ 
oCto)* to? Tpairi^a^ atpcTe, p^vpa, ctc^pov*; eroi- 
fuurop, <nropBa<; ttoUl 

§ 69. Tou? 7ro\€/iiov9 ovTrdmoTe €Tpiaap,€p\ 
' — Jlw dp* op^pOTjaaiep dpOpcoTroi iroprjpol dXXiJ- 
Xot?'; — Ml) pofiiarj*;, €vtv^<: wp\ top avTop Bat- 
fiopa ek del e^etp. — ■ 'P^tStov ioTLP eTcptp wapai^ 
viaai. — Aai/ao9 6 Alr/vTrno^ avpwiaae^ t^p dp- 
^aundnjp (r^eSoj; Toip ^EWrjPLfcwp irokeGyp, *'A/>70» 
^-* ^AwoXvaop rjp>d^ tov9 dpa^Tiov^y koX p>fi KoXdn 

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64 VEMBS IN i^. ACTIVE 

o-iy9. — *Hpa/cX^9 ri a&fia rrj<; Aepvaia^ iSpai 
avaa^Urwi^ r^ X^^V '^^^ otarois efia^^, — 'H- 
pcuc\tj<: rhv hf Hefiia Xeovra Toi<: fipa^yxrw am^ 
envt^€^ TOP avx^cL o-<^^fa9. — Aeyerac iv Ko- 
piv0(p ifcdpe^ai^ 1I67wI3q<; top OlZiirow. — S^o- 
XocTTt^o^' iarpo) avvavrrjaa^ cIttc®' " %\rfx<!)pria6v 
fiOL Kal li/q fioi fi€fAy^\ oTt Toaovrov ^povov ov/c evo* 
<Tf\<Tar — ^ypKcumiWi Thvi^irwavTqfTWii ^^^HKova-a^^* 
€<frri\ ^^'ini, ereXevnyo-a?". Kcuceipo^ dureKplvaro^* 
*' 'AXX'*^ op^9 /le €Ti i&vra^^ koX 6 aypXcum^im, 
" Jlat firjv o eiiroop fwt aov a^umurrorepot; eoTLV. 
— ^ 'M.ecpoKiov ^lEperpiKOv Z^vtovv at/peyevero^* ^ro- 
\vp xpopop. ^lEmapeXdopia^ Be rjpero^ 6 irarijp^ 
tL fiddoi^'' (ro(}>6p ; 6 S' e^® Se/fcti/". xi^'Kem^pap^ 
TO?** fie ToS irarpo^ koX irXrjya^ ipreipaPTO^, tjov^ 
xUiP af^arfwp^ KoX iyKapT€pi](ra^, tovto eijyrj^ fie» 
IJLa6rjKevai,^\ ^ipeip^ opyrjp irarpo^. — 'O fih/ Me* 
viXao^ iiroXAfiffa^ erq heKa tov; Uptoal Bia yi/- 
pauca rrjp o^ti/** KaXrjp, ^olplkIZ^^^ Be Tavpif Bl 
efxl^Xvp^. — 11/009 ^vpvfiiABrjp top AaxeBcufiopiop 6 
^efiurroKKfj^ eKeye ri, VTrepapriop, teal 09" dpirecpei/ 
avT^ rfjp fiatCTTjplap. *0 Be " ndra^op fjuipy^ e^, 
" oKovaop Se." yBei^ Be ort, a fiiXKei Xeyeti/, to5 koi^p^ 
XvarireT^t — "Ore clXe^ r^p ^rj^aicDP ttoKlp 'AXe- 
^apBpo^y diriBoTO^ tou9 eXevOipov^ iravra*; irXrjv 
iepidop. cu(f>r\Ke^ Bk 7^9 irpaaeta^i Koi^ rov^ tov 
irarphf; ^ipov<: {difjLrjpevae^ yap itap axnovi o <E>/Xt7r- 
7ro9 6Tt ircw; &p^) koX tov9 crvyyepel^ Be^ rovrwp 
d<l>{}K€P^\ irCfiffae Be kol^ T0C9 eyyopov^ tov HipBan 
pov^, Koi, rfjp olxiap avrov fioprjp eicurep^ earapcu^. 

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TENSES WITH ALTERED VERBAL STEM. 65 

§ 70. TIoXh^ SXa9 fi<l>apure SuLfioXfj xatciiK — 
O €X€^? wivei vSa>p ov St€tS€9* Kol Kodapovy oXX* 
crraif inroOoXMay re icdX virortipdfy, — iAffihnm 
0^/1^0779 Mucok wpanrrmv, toL hk PeKrUo del wpoc" 
SoKffoov. — Ilpd? dm'ao'a^ ra^ rov filov avfji^>0' 
paf; j(prf<nfioyrdTfiv SiKauo^ ap* Tt9* vofuUrtve^ rfjp 
T179 IffTOpliK fAodffaiv. — 01 woXifuot ip t§ i^>68^ 
ia-aXm-i^p kcH i/XoXa^ai/. — ^EXw^Jeti/ ')(pfj irdp' 
ra^ SiOTt ovBip itrrip aeKwrop' paBiop ycip 0€^ 
iravra reXiacu. — Olbi^ dp Tt? tJ 7§ triripfia ifir 
fioKfjj TOiovTOv^ Kal Tot^ Kapnroif^ Set irpoaSo/crja'tu* 
(WTO) fcaX ip petp trdfJUiTL, irap n^ rfjp ircUSevtrip 
yeppaiop <f>vT€vaijy 55 toOto* xal OaXKet Sui ttom- 
T09 Tov fflov. — ^AXi^apBpop ^ApioToriKri^ opyi^O' 
fiepop irpavpai ^ov\6/i€Po<: Kal iravaai^ ')(a\eiralpoP' 
ra^ TToXXot?, ravra irpo^: avrop eypay^ • " 'O Ovfio^ 
teal 17 opyfj ov irpof; ffrrov^, aWct irp^ tou9 Kpeir^ 
Topa^ ytyperat* aol Sk ovBeU* fo^o?.** — 'O Siwy- 
iricop, rirrapa Kal irepn^KOpra &rrj ^cov^^^, ovSep 
ovT€ hrpiarro^^ ovre drriSoro^' ovtco^ oklytop^ iBeU 
TO. cunriSa Sh airr^ Tti/09 iiriSei^apro^^* ev kckO" 
afirj/iimip^, eTirep, " 'AXXa top ye 'VcofiaCayp dpSpa 
irpoirqkei ip Ty Se^ta^ Ta<; eKiriSa^ ^^f'V, aXX' ovk 
ip Ty apt(rr€pS}^r — Kal ^eoKlap Se" Trivrj^ ffP. 
*AKe^apSpov Sk irifiy^apro^^* avr^ ToKapra eKarSp, 
riptina^^y " At^ Tvpa air lap fioi SiBaxrip^^ ;* a9 S'** 
ehrop^, in fiopop ainrop^ ^A0rjpal(op rjyetTai^ Ka\6p 
Kal arfaOoPy "Ouicow/* e^^, *' iaaaTCD fie toiovtqp 
cTi/at." — *fl jrjpa<;, co^ airacvp apBpdmoiaip el iro- 
Oecvop, €09 eSSaifioi^ elff^ irap irap^^^, ^^VpO'V^ 

6 

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66 VERBS IN ia, ACTIVE. 

©9 fifyxP'qpov, €v Xeyet re ere" ovBek, KaK&i Ze'irS^ 
1-^9, 09 <ra<^&<i \eyet. 

§ 71. ^Kp/ToJ^ep^Tf^ o Jlep<T&v PaaCK^ ireXev*: 
rrjaep, &p^a<; erq rpia ical reaacbpuKOvra. — • Mop- 
<rfc/«)9 o Tipaxivf'O^ iJ^^-^rcj/* 'HpaxKet rfjv irvpav*, 
— Kairavia diretXi^aavTa, koX okovto^* Aw a*- 
pr)auv Ta9 &rf^a<:, 6 Z€i)9 ifC€pavva>a€V, — Upotanj 
«7 TTjpiay: ymnj Iltw tov irdiBa €(T<f>a^e Kal elcrri" 
aae tov irarkpa r^ tov TraiBo^ awfuiTU — So/J- 
SavdwaWo*; 6 ^Aaavpuov fiaaiXeif^ fierd t&v Stj- 
cravp&v iavTOv t€ koI to, ficurCK^ia KoraKavaaL^ 
TUyerai. — Aeyet 6 fJLv0o<;, iplccu iroTk *A0r)vap 
Kcu Uoa-eiBSva xal '^H^ato'Tov eirrcyyia^i iript*' koX 
TOV fi€V HoaeiSoi Tavpov Tiva dvairXdarai, ttjv S* 
^AOrjvav oIkUlv iirivorja-ai, tov S' '^H^toroi/ avOpay- 
TTov STjinovpyrjacu, — Kai/* fiovo^ ^9, <f>(w\ov p/i]T€ 
X€fi79* /aj;t€ ipydarj'' firjSiv. — 'O ©lyo-ei)? fierd ttjv 
Alryi(o<: TeKem^v 701)9 t^v ^Atthctjv KaToitcovvTa^ eh 
hf a<TTV awtp/cia-ev*. — Ovt€ irvp l/JULTup irepurrel-- 
Xtti* SwariSy", oifrc alay^pav dfjApTtjfia *Xpov(p. — 
*Ef o5" <f>tXoo'o^tv en-evoTjaa^^, aefivo^ Tt9 iyivov^^ 
teal Ta9 6<l>pv^ inrep tov9 KpOTd<f>ov^ €7r^pa9". — r 
Kav(riavol 701)9 pi^ev *^€W€OfUvo\n Opqvovaiy tov^ he 
TekevrfiaavTa^ fuucapl^ovo'cv. — MrjBeirorc tfypovi]'- 
0179* eirl aeavT^ /^*" dKXd firfSe KaTo^povijary:* 
o-eairrov". — ^EiriKovpo^ ipcoTTjOek", 'rrok av rtsr 
irXourrjaeiev ; *'OiJ T0J9 ou<rt*® irpooTiSek^^ ^<fyif^» 
*' T^9 S^ ;^eta9 ra iroXKa^ irepirrefivdDvr — ^Tparo- 
vifCfj rj XeXevKOV yvv^ ^cCKciKpd ova-a^ Tot^i woirp-aZ^ 

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TENSES WZTH ALTERJEfD YERBAL STEM. 67 

o^&va'irpoii6fiKe^ irepl^ raXavrov, i<m^ a/jbewop 
iiratpetreiev av avrr]^ rrjv KOfirjv. — ^AOrjvalov riv^ 
irpo<; ^AvraXxiSav etirovro^^s " 'AXXa fifiv rjfiek anrh 
Tov K.rj<f>iaov TroTJuuu^ vfia^ iScd^a/jLCv,^ " 'Hfiek Se 
ovSeTTore,** elrrev^, "v/Lca? diro rod 'EiipdrraT — 
Tlpoa€h£6vTa^ XoKcuva Tt9 tov vlou Oeaaafiivrf^ 
env0€TQ^, " Tt 7rpaTT€t" rj iraTpk ;** elirovras;^ Si, 
" Havre^ airokdikouTi,^'^ KcpafiiBa apacra^ hrcL^rj- 
K€P^ avT^ Kal dpeiXev^, dirovaa^* "2^ ovp tcax- 
ayyeXop dweTrefi'^ap rjfup ;" — Neo? &p^ iropiia^, 
f^pa^ ef €t9 €V0a\€<:. — ^AvOpdnrov tip6<: fioxOrfpov 
ejTiypdyp'aPTO^^ cttI T171/ iavTov oIkUlPj ^^yirfikp 
etako)^ KOKOP'^ Atoyepr)^:, '*'0 ovp /cvpto^ t^9 olKla^r 
€^**, ^^irov av elaeXOoi^;^ — "ApBpe^y dpafUfipi]^ 
aiceade iaw: hfj puca^ avp toU deok o/jLoae lojrre^^ 
pePiKriKare, 

§ 72. "OfMjpo^ yeYpa<f>€ iroirjo'etf: Svo, *I\idSa 
KciX 'OSva-aeutP. — Hipa^ iarip, el Tt9 Bid iropr 

T09 TOV fiioV €VTVXn^^' OCt09 6 dvOpCOTTO^ /A€- 

ydka riiAif: rjSifcrjKe Kal i^piKCP. — *HpaKhSj^ Tiv 
oerdi' dvjppiqick^y rhp to Ilpofiff0€a>^ fjirap itrOiopra. 
— UoXuKpaTf}^ t<r)(yaa^ . Koi t&p T€ dXXfOP v^<r€OP 
ap^a<: Kal Ttjp 'Fijpeiap ekdp*, dpi0r)K€^ t^ *A7rdX- 
Xa>pi. — TH&y itoWAkk yvfiPCKQV^ dr^&pa<; iopdxa-' 
fi€p\ — Ov x/o^ ^fjTelp, €1 €<m 0€o^, avToOep hk 
upuTTOP ireirioTevKipat^. — XapSapdiraKKo^ OT0X171* 
ffto/ yvpaueelop epeSeBvKei^j Ka06\ov Sk filop ifiUo^ 
ffvpaiKCoSfj. — %7jpam t&p aXKtop ^omjut&p ovk 
npx'^iv fUpov hrvx€Lpov<rvPy oKKd t&p^ fikp ra T€f» 

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6d TERES IJTw. ACTIVE. 

Xf /eaT€a/ca<f>atrL\ rwv hk /cal rr^v xoSpay aTreare^ 
priKoaw. — Tlepi ik t&v irpo^ 6e&v ip/ctav 7^€i 6 
KXAofx^ ToSe' "'^0<rrt9 tovtcop^^ ovvoiBcp^ avr^ 
waprifjL€\r)K(i^^, tovtov €y<o ovttot'** av evScu/iopi'* 
ffcu/iL Top yap Oe&v iroKefiov ovtc oZSa" ovr^ diro^ 
iroiov ai/" rdxotJ^ if>€vyci>v tw diro^vyoc^ ovr et^ 
TTOiov av <r/coT09 d'TToBpairj^, ovff 07ra)9 dv^ eh ^^v- 
phv jduplop dnroarairi^. Tlavrq yap irdind to2? 
0€ok ivaxfi^ Kal iravrayrj irdtrrcDP*^ Xaov oi OeoX 
Kparovcrip, wap^^ oU «7/i€t9 t^ ^CKLop avpdkfiepoi^ 
icaTeOefieda^J*^ — ^/Xatttto?, yeKcoToiroii^ ti<;, iwel 
ip T^ BeiiTp^ yiXwra ov irapeixe Tot9 aXXot?, errau- 
aaTO^ rov helttpov yMyo)v* " Tlpo^ €P€Ka Kal^ scaKei 
fjuiri^; 6 yikoD^ yap i^ dpBptinriop eKkiXoLirep^;* — • 
^Efiov ol fikp pofiov ov iiopop d'Treyptoxore^^ eld fi^^ 
dSiKcip, dKKa /cal" KexeXev/core^^ ravrrjp rfjp Sucffv 
XafjL^dveip^, — 'ETrt/LieXcS? ol Oeol &p^ ol dp0peoiroi 
Sioprat KoreaKevaKaavp^, — Outto) vaawp rffiepHv 
rpuo^ KaraSiBv/ce^. 

§ 73. Aot}Xo9 'n'€(f>VKdk^ evpoet r^ Seo-Trori;. — 
Miyurrop iari roi^ iirTCUKoai* wapafivBovpra^ ^Ir 
Xovs exj^LP, — 'H IcTTOpia rod; p>ep petorkpoi^ irepir^ 
TTotel T^p r&p yeyrjpaKOTWP ovpeaip^ roi; Be Trpetr- 
fivripoK: iroWaTrTuurid^ei rrjp VTrdpxpvaa;p ifjuir&n 
plop, — OvK fjpKeae t^ 0e^ rov adfioTo^. rov 
dpOpanripov p,6pop irpoP€Por)K€paAj dXX', iirep pA* 
yurrop €OTt, kcu ttjp "^^vyrfp Kparian^p r^ dpdptxh 
ir<p ipe^v<T€p\ — Oif 'Xf^'K^irop iari ytrpfdxTKetPt 
cS9 hrtpsKm o Oeit^ irdpra rd ip r^ Koap^ KOTf 

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TENSES WITH ALTERED VERBAL STEM. 69 
i(rKevmK€v\ — 'O Koff tjjjms;^ fiio^ waaav ttuttw 

ehcu canjp evyevi]^* 6 S* aSuco^y kSlv dfielvovo^^ vor 
Tpo9 At09 ir€(f>vK'ff, Svfryeuij^ icriv. — T^ atofun^ 
^KvKKri<; tcimov tce^Xal irpoceire^VKeacof. — *H 
v^Xi) pl^y &nr€p eirriped^ova-cL, Buirerel^uce* rd 
ofAfiaTcu — IIoXXol Twv ^CKo<ro^v roKXa^ fihf 
Tr€(f>povTucaatp^^, i7r<a^ Sk KaT€<r0i€Lv ^^xoieu^ tcarr^ 
fi€\i^K€uriv^\ — Atoyiprj^ roif^ pYjropa^ rd BlKcua 
e^" iairovSatdvod,^* /lep, Trpdrreiv Se §irfiafiw, — 
^rjfiwva^ 6 Kwiico^ prjropL rivc KOKurra fieTicnf- 
aavTC^ awelSovXevev aaiceiv kou, yvfivd^eaOai,' rov S* 
€nr6i/T09**, *'*Ael iv^^ ifiavrov Xey©,** ^'T&ueirm^ 
toaWi/," e^", *WouwTa \eyei9 fiwpip d/cpoary 
*)(p(ini€vo<;r — *0 *AvTta0€Vff^ Stafd^urjSrjTAv irore 
nXoToiz/t", '**I1 nXaTfioy,** €^", " Xmrov fiev op&, 
iwrroTfiTa^ Bk ovx op&J* xal 09** elirev^, ""E^etv 
fihf ^^^ 6 tmro^ opdron roSe to ofifta, ^** Sk iir- 
irorrf^ Oecopelrat ovSeTTo^ tcitCTTjaaj,^^* — EtTTOi^- 
T09" Bk T^ ^AvTurOivei tip6<: irapd iriroVi'^Kaoi^j* 
"2i/ /io^,** (fn^a-u/y " oifXi/croy.'* — ^AprurOevrji Be 
otto" t^ iv AevKTpov; fidxn^ op&v roif^ &rifiaiov^ 
fi^a (bpovovurof:, fitfBiv avTov^ ^4^^ Bui<l>ip€iP 
iraiBaplcov^ iirV r^ cvyKo^cu rov 7rcu8ar/(oybp 
yavpuovT<ov. — ^Eip<»Trf0€k^ irore o *Apuminro<:, 
*^Tlvt*^ Bui^kpet 6 ao(l>o9 tov fifj (roj>ov*j* €^", 
**'fl9 dr/vSra^ roi^ Bvo yvfivov^ diroareiXov, koi, 
elaei^r — *'HtT€* Aiovva-iov ^Apl<minro^ dpyvpiou* 
icaX 89**, " *AXX^ firfv €^9** firj dfirop^aeiv rbu tro- 
4i6vr 6 8' viroXaffdp'*, "A69T elm, "icol mpl 

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7ft . . VERBS IN ctt. ACTIVE. 

ov/c ^iroprjKa;^ — Nt#cia9 o&ro)9 rjv ^CKirrrovo^, &arT€, 
iroWoKi,^ iptorav tovs olKeraSf €l XeXovxe koX el 
TjpUrrqKev^. — Ta >7rovSaia fiekira, koX iap ri^ 
irapf}KfJLaK(!k^ fiav0dvrj<;, firf alayyvoxr pkXriov yap 
i\ftLfia0Tj KoKelaBai, ff dfiaOrj. — %)(pKaaTUCof; ovap^ 
SoKoop rfKov ireiraTfjKevaiy top iroSa iirap" irepie" 
irjararo^' erepo^^ he fiaOmv^ rrjv airiav, €<fyq' " Aia 
tL yap cu/vttoStjto^ #ca^€i;S€t9 ;" — Oi ttoXKoi, cSp- 
firfKore^^ eiri to aKoirelv rd r&v aXKoav irpar/yjxn 
Ta, oi TpiTTovTCU eTrl to eavrou? i^erd^cLv. — ''O- 
*fiou)V ey€J/€T'**, opvi<: oirorrav dpTrdoTf rov*^ Koron 
irielv^ psc^ov Tf TrepiTpex^t KVKK(p rrjpovaa tovto^ 
KaroTnelv S' i<nrovSaK€v^\ erepcu, SiooKovaiv Se rain 
T7JP' ravTov^ rjV. — ScoKparrf fieOvovra ovBeh Trd" 
irore eopcucev*^ dvBpmrwv, — Ta^ielv KeKpLK&ra*''' 
Set ae yirfydaKeLv^ ore dryaOw fiiy^ efet?, dv^ Xa- 
fiv^^ p>i/cpbv kokSp. — 'HX^oi;" ol ^IpBoI e/c tSv 
TroKepblmv 0O9 iireiroji^ei,'^ Kvpo^ ejrl KaraafcoTr^. 

§ 74. Ei/7roXx9 6 Ko>fiiKOi Xeyet irepl JlepLKKe-- 
OU9, ojt fiopo^ T&p pTfTopcov TO fcipTpop iy/cariXt'ire^ 
Toi^ dxpocDfiipoit;* — Ta9 crvp^opdfi t&p Kcucm v^r^ 
irpa/yoTODP* oinrmrore v^piaa. — NJ1/09 yeppi^tra^ ix 
XefiipdfAiZo^ vibp Hipvav ireKeirrqaej rfjp yvpoMca 
(iTroXiircop ficuriKicraap rfiv ^ KaavpUav. — 'ETrei^ 
B€/o^9 €& ^ABrjpa^ rjXavpep, *A07jvcuoi 'rrXrjpdaap^ 
T€9 eKarhp Sixa Tpirjpei^ €(}>vyop* eh XoLkafupCL — 
n\o5T09 nro'KKaKt,^ koX rd/i vyieipai ^iaei,^ eOpm^e^ 
kclI irepiijya/yep^ €1$ dcOkvevav €|* idwp, iroKvTelsjSiv., 

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TENSES WITH ALTERED VERBAL STEM. 71 

' — Ot fravovfyyoL koI Kpv^lrivot to?? 6<f>0a\iioi<: m-or 
pap\jhrov<Tt koX Bea/ov^ BeSopKoaiv. — "AXKov Si 
Xeyorro?* <09 irapeTadr}^ fiaKpau oSop irop€v6ek^, 
fjpero^^ avTov 6 ScoKparri^ el /cal" <f)OpTiou e^epe. 
«* MA Ar" oiK ^0)7"/' %^ " aXKA r6 ifiirwvr 
" M61/09 S' hropevovy^ eifyrj, " ^ /col" aKoKovOo^ aoi 
rjkoKovOei'^ " ^HKokovdec,** €<fyq. " noT€/>oi' K€vo^^ 

6^, " ^ <^€/>«I' T^ r " <I>€/>a>l/, Vfl Af V ?<^, " Tci 

re" aTpdfiara koI raXKa^ crKevrj!* "Kal ttcS? 
StJ," I<^, " dTrfjXKaj(ev^^ etc t^9 oSoC ;" " 'E^l 
/t€i/ So/cer," e<^, " fiiXTLov e/LtoO".'* " T/ ow ;** 
e^, " ei TO ifceivov (f>oprlop eSet, ae (f>ip€CP, ttcS? 
ap^^ otec SiaTedrjpai^^;' " Kafcw^*^ vfj At"," e^, 
" fiafsXop hk^ ovS*** ai/ TjZvprjOrjv^ tcofiia-ai,^ "Ti 
oui/ TOcrouT^** rJTTOP Tov iraiSb^ BvpcurOat iropelp 
ira,^ 7]<rKr}fi€P0V^ Bokci aov dpSpb^ elpat^y* — Ato- 
761/179 €& MwSor ik0dop^ Kol Oeaadfiepo^^ fieydr 
Xa? ra?" TnJXa?, fiLKpap Zk Trjp^ ttoKcp, ""Ai/S/^c? 
Mui/Stot,'* €(f}rj^\ ^^ KkytTare ra^ 7rv\a<:, firj rf *n'6\t<; 
vps&p i^eKJdri^^^ — 'ETretSj) Optjtov adfiarot; erv- 
X^^^\ 'n'€Cp&^ T^9 y^v^r]<; dddparop Trjp fyvdp/qp 
KaraXcireiP, — SoXo)!/, ore eZaKpvae top iraiZa t€^ 
XeurfjaapTat irpo<; t6p eliropra^, " 'AW* ovSep dpi* 
T€A9," elTre" " At' ovto Se" tovto Sa/cpv<o, 2x4 ovSex^ 

awTO).'* Toi/ evTvxovPTa 'xpfj ao(}>op ire^vKi" 

mt". — ^vywp OdpaTOP fif) "Key otc ^ev^ofjbai,^ 
wdTup, w yap ir€(f>€vya^ irpoahoKa #cal" firj ^t;- 
7€tj/. — T^ TOV ^efJLCOTOKXeovs ^ovKy Koi ypdfitf 
ireiroiBore^^ ol *A0rjpaioi ttjp ttoKip KoreKeKol" 
irea-ap^ Kal eU rd^ pav^ wireirecpevyecap^ — 

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U TERES Ilf ii^ ACTIVE. 

XafipuM^ eUoOei^ Xiyeiv, in ^ofiepdrepov iariv eXa- 
^p trrparinrehov fjyovfiipov Xeorrcx? ^ "Keovrcdv^ 
iKd(f>ov, — 'O fiTJ 7r€7rX6v#cw9 ovBkv lopaKev icaKOV* 
T&v iiovoyM')(pvvTidv iafi€V aBKtdnepoL. — Te^aiJ- 
IMK^, ov/c ivel werrXevKei/, aTOC el 8I9 iriirXeukePd 

§ 75. "Epyov ioTi Xinrriv eK^xrfelv, — ^riv j(€' 
\iZ6va irpoaireropAvriv TrepifJLOfovfn rerptrfore^ oi 
veoTToL — "Oaipi^ iroWa arjfieta t^? eavrov nrap- 
ovala^ dirdkekovTre^ Kara ttjv t&v ^Ivhwv yy^paVf 
&aTe ol p€T(vy€veaT€pot r&v ^\vh&v 7}fi(f>ia'^fJT7jaau 
Tov BeoVy Ti^ovre^ ^IvBbp etvcu to 761/09*. — *'Ot€ 
Se/0^179 CK T&v @€p/M07rv\&v iirl t^v ^(OKecov ^co^ 
pav irpofjy€v, ol ^coxek ra? fikv 7r6Xe*9 dirdaai^ 
i^eXtirov wavSr^psly irpb^ Bk Tci^ Zvaywpla^ TOfi iu 
T^ Hapvaa^ KaT€(f>vyov. — HoXXol t&v kukS^ 
ireirpar/oTcov avv Ta?9 'n5^at9 tov vovv dirofiaXXoiH 
<Tiv. — S^pfjy9 ibd T^9 BoA6)TMi9 hieKavvmv, to^ 
HXaTaid^ ipT^fiov<! ov<ra<:* KaTacavaev* ol yap iv 
tJ 'TToXei Tavrp KaToiKovvTe^ iire^evyeaav ek He- 
\(m6vvr)<rov iravSTjfJueL — ^AvcvyKa^ofievo^ iroT€ vrro 
Aiovvalov 6 ^Kpicmwiro^ ehrelv^ tl t&v ix ^iXo^ 
cro^ia^^, *' reXotbi/," e^, " el to Xeyeti/ piv Trap 
ip>ou irvvOdvei, to hk Trore Bet Xeyeiv^ av ps Bi^ 
Bdaicei^'^^ eirX TovTtp Bfj dyava/crijaa^ 6 Aiovitno^ 
eaycLTov ainhv KaTeKkivev' 6 Bk *^ ^EvBo^&repov,^ 
€(^, "t^p tottov rjdeKrjaa^^ iroi^aaL^ — Nt#cia9 
o \^cir^pdj)o^ Tocavrrjv irepX to ypd^iv* <nrovBffjv 
^X^> c5oT6 hrCKaJdeadai^ iroXKoKi,^ Tpo^fjv wpoa-" 
eveyxaaOa^,^ TrpoaTer/jKOTa t§ Ti'^Vfj, — ^Adfjvy^ 

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TJSNSES WITH ALTERED VERBAL STEM. 73 

aiv evpeOrjvai^ Xiyov<r^ irp&rov r^v ikaop teai 
Tijp av/cr)v, a Ktu irpaemf avrtf rj yrj apeo<»/C€ . 
huca^; re Bovvcu^ icaX Xafieip^ evpov^'' *A07fva4O$ 
irpirroi, kclI arySpa riv yvfipuchp irpwroi hrepon^ 
coPf Koi aireSva'avTo^ teal i^kei^^tarro^, teal Jw" 
wot/9 efevfe** nrp&ro^ *Epi')(l96pio^. — ^AypoeU, ip 
Tofe apak 2, T*** icriv, €i Ti9 f«) ^aaeC^ opd&^ 
oSop, fj irvp iuavaeC^, fj Buuf>0€ip€t ZB»p, i) Sei- 
iTPielp fiAXKovra laoKuacu ripd; — ISmv iriprjra 
fyv/Mvop ipSvirp^ opwv, p^aXKop airiSv<ra<: avr6Pf coy 

XV. 

b. lilDDLl. 

FiOwn and Aoriti, 

§ 76. T^ Toiv ^EXXf/i^a^y irpayfAara avarfpa* 
^€ip iretpcuTofieBa. — Ilo^iyn^ Ti9 Xeye** ov 0av- 
pA^a> irXovTOP, op ^©^ xokmto^ ^f£uo^ iKTria'aTo\ 
— Oi5 ypfj eir aXKaav evri^if aj(0e(rd(u, dXXa tj- 
heaOat Bici to avyyepi^^' ov&el^ ycip viro rr}^ rov 
weXa<?* einxrxia^ Ttjt; iaxn^ o^CKopAprn^ evvpayla^ 
AjrocrT€pija'€Tai\ — Hapro^v larpo^ aparficcUmp ko^ 
K&p j(p6po^ iarlp* oSro^ ieal ak pvp laaercu, — 
'Eay t/? fie Xmrew iOiktf, olfiw^€Ttu\ — ^ABrjpa 
rffp T^9 i(T6rJTOf; xarcuncetnjp /vol t^p T€KT0Pucijp 
T€j(pr)p, Koi ert iroXKa<; aXKcv^ rijfpof; kolL iiriaTif' 
fia^ €icr7fffj<raT0 T0t9 apBpwKot^^ off &p *F^pyapr) 
wpoaryyopevero, — ^KKaXuy^dp>€Po^ 6 Xa^fcpaTf^, 
€P€KeKakinrro'' yap, ehrep , 8 Srj rekevraiov i(f>dSy' 
faro, "*0 KplTfOP,"* €^\ "t# 'A<rKKfpri^ o^ir 

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74 VERBS IN o>. MIDDLE. 

Xofiev dXe/cTpijopcu oXX' diroSoTe^ koX fifj dfieXij^ 

TG)V ** aXX* o/ja, €? T^ oXXo Xeye^9.'* — KdXap earw 
dvrX OmjTov ad/iaro^ dOavarov io^av oirrtivaraX- 
Xd^curOat^^, — TotoOro? yiyvov irepX tou9 yoveX^fj 
o2bi;? Av ev^aio irepX travrbv yevia-Oai^ Tot>5 <r€- 
avTov iralBa^. — lip A twj^ lipmK&v ovtkv leocvQ 
elpydaaro 17 'EWa?. — IlepSU/ca^ ireiOei X.aXKC" 
Bia^ Tfl? iirl BaKarrg iroKei^ iicKvirovTiK:^ dvotKC- 
aacrOai €9 ''OkwOov. — Ovk oko^vpofieuoi, rjfjba^ 
rj/juv fidXKrTa ')(apLovvT(u ol avdponroi,^ — • Kcuci- 
aOivra^^* vfia<i ovBeh eufji^vw inroZe^ercu, — Mou- 
<nKrj<i drfoov rjv ev Ai;X^ kclI iroXKoX drffaviovfievoi 
i^olrofv, — EZ rh cmfia iinTpeTreiv ae eBei t^**, 
woWd dv Trepce&Kiyfro)^, eire Trtoro? iariv eXre 
SrirvoTO^. - — T/ ovK dveKpiptD^'' ; — ^HpcucKr}^ ev At- 
fiiri rhv ^AmaZov, rov^: vtt avrov KaTairdKaia-Oiv^ 
ra^^ ^ivov9 diro/creivavra, irpoKoKeadfievo^: ek fwi- 
yrjv /caX ovpmKcuceXsi^ BU^Oeipev. — ^Kyqaikao<: 
wapaKoKovfjLevo^ irore dxova-ac rov^ rrjv drjBova 
fiLfiov/Jbipov, irapriTqaaTO ehrwv^' ^^Avrrj^;^ dicqKoa 
iroKKoK^^r — 'O *Kp^lZap>o^ rats; OvyaTpdaiv av- 
rov ipAriov TToXtrreXi? Aiowalov irifiy^avro^, ovie 
iBe^aro, elirdv* " ^ofiovfuUt p^fj irepiBefievac^ al ko- 
poL ^av&aP^ p>ot ata-'xpau* 

§ 77. 'Hpa/cX^9 ToJ? *0\vfnrloi^ Oeoh avvri^ 
ryayviaaro^ rhv irpb^ roi^ Tlrfoma^ iroXep^v. — 
^€p,iaTOK\fj<: KaX ^ApiarelBrj^ iroXKd /ecu xaXd iv 
troT^pjp KaX iv ^Ipjivrf Bieirpa^da0fip\ — XejilpO' 

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TENSES WITH ALTERED VERBAL STEM. 75 

lii^ /i€j(jpi ^rip(o^ ^oaCkAccuxa iroKKa kcX fieyoKA 
icaT€Lp^aaaro^. — "'Oa-Tft? avOpanro^ wv dvOpconr^ 
TVj^y irpo<l}€p€ij TovTov cjcDye iravreKm avorjrov 
tjyffcalfirjv dv\ — 'Eoi/ aryadc^ Si/cclot^ elvcu iOe^ 
X?79, aKpoaacu dfi(f>olv^, — ^Icurtov iv IS^opivOtp 177- 
^fi/fio'aTo T^v KpeovTos rov ISjipwdUov ^aaiXeoi^ 
Ovyarepa T\avscfjv irpcx: yafiov. — ToU Bvarux^virn 
jepirvov TO elirelv Ta<; avfij>opaf:, koL iraiuv 
cnroKkavaaaOfu^. — KTrjaafievo^ top Xoyiafiov 
ovT€ itXovtov hri,6vfirj<Tei,<; oire ireviap fjuifiy^i,^, — 
TAcufirjaerai tw fiaXKov fj ^juiirjaercu* — *fl 
MevavSpe xal )8te, irorepo^ ap vfmv irorcpov 
cnrefitfiija'aTO ] — 4>tXof€i/o9 o <yaaTplfJMpyo^ iin,^ 
fi€/i<l>6fievo<; TTjv ^vciv, rjii^aTO ^epdvov rffv ^or 
pvyya €j(€iv, — Aioyem}^ irph^ rov hniva^avra 
auT^ SoKOVy elra elirovra, ^^^vKa^cu\^ "IlaKiv 
yap /A€," e(f}rj, ^^iraUiv /iteXXet?;'* — S^oXooTtico^ 
velv fiov\6p,€vo^ irapd fiiKpov aireirvlrfq ^ cofiotrev^^ 
ovp fiTf ay^aadav iBaro^y irplv av fiddrj^ veiv. — 
AemviSa^ aKovaa^ rov ^\iov hruTKUJ^opLevov to*9 
Tiepa&v To^evfuuri, ^^'KapUv^ ©^, "or* KciX viro 
a/uq, p^vxpypbeOa^ — ^eoKpiro^ ipanrfOeW^ inrh 
dSo\ea'Xpv,o7rovavTOP(ivpiov6y^iTQ^^; €<j)rj, "'^Ottov 
eyo) <rk owe 0^0 fuu^* — Ei <n> iO^da-O) airep iyd, 
€v o28a" OTI, ovK av iiraioro) yeK&v^^. — Adfiim 
o vav/cXffpo9 iporrrjdek^, ttcC? i/cnj&aTo rov irXov^ 
TOP ; " Ov ;^aX€7ra)9," &^, " rov fiir/av, rhv ik fipa^^ 
j(yp iirvirovta^r — ^CKonrovo^ ladi,^^ koL fflov kt/j' 
aet kolKov* — Oiik Set" rovro firfyavaaOoA otto)? 
€(iro^ev^erai^ wav ttolcuv^ Odvarov. — ^toKpdTq^: 

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76 7ERBS IN i^ MIDDLE. 

^KKkl^loZov ZiZ6vro<:** avT& x^P^^ fUyaXrjp, iva 
ivoiKoBofir/trrirtu olielav, "Kol €* v'jroifffiaTa>v*^,** 
Sifyr), "e&t, #cal /Svptrav fioi iSiSov^^ftv^ ifUivrm 
{nrohrjfiara irowftralfiffv, KoraryiX/KTro^ av ffv^ Xa- 
fi^v^r — Aioyivf)<: ^fe/SaXe'* t^9 ^pa9 rh rpv- 
jSkiov, ircuSiov Oeaadfiepo^, ifreihif KaricJ^^ rb 
(rK€vo<;, Tw KotX^ rov '^tofiiov r^v iJMKTJv vTroSe- 
Xpfievov^, ' — Bpa;^" 6 )8/o9, rj Sk Texyrj ficuepdf 
Kal /uiWov Tf rd^ rrj<; '^vyfj^ voaov^ Idaaa-diu Sw- 
vafievrj*^. — *AWdydp^^ f)Sr} &pa ainkuab^, ifioX 
fi€V cmoOavovpAvip^t v/tti/ ik I3ioi>aofiivoi^*** oir&rer 
pot ik rjfiSiv ipxovTCU iirl dfieivw vparyfjM, SBrf* 
\ov^ iravrX irKrjv fj^ t& Oe^. — Kal iyayye rali^ 
KaTayln]<l>i(rafi€Poi^ fiov^ Kal ro'k Karrffopoi^ ov 
iravv^ XoKeiraivfo, xairoi ov ravrp t§ Stavola^ 
Kareylrrjipi^ovTO /lov Kal Karrfyopovv, oXX' otofiuepoi 
ffKairreiv tovto avrov^ d^iop^ fie/JL^eaOai*^* 

§ 78. Ol ''EXXiyi/e? to iroKai irpb^ Xpfrrelop 
erpdnrovTo. — AvKovpyo^ ro ireiOetrdai^ tow vofioi^ 
fioKuna eveipyaaaTO t§ ^irapTrj, — TLepl t^9 Mc- 
Sovarj<; ekeycv 6 fivOo^, ort tow OeaaapAvov^ aur^ 
dircXldov. — 05 a^a*To* MtSa9 ^ t§ X^*P^ V '^^ 
oTOfjLaTiy iryiyvero xpvcro?. — "Oaipi^ Xeyera^ rriv 
mopelav iroitiaatrBai air Atryvwrov Si *Apafiia^ 
irapd rfjv ipvdpdv dakaaaap P'iypi^ *1vSSp koI tov 
iriparo^ t^9 oiKOVfieprf^, — MiV©? 6 rr}^ K/517T179 
ficuriXeif^ iKr/iaaro Bvpa/up vatrrtK^p fieydXrfP, koX 
T&p prjacup to? ifKelara/i KaretTrpe^aTOj Kal irp^ 
T09 r&p ^lEXKrjPtop idoKaTTOKparijo'ep. — HepiKXr}^ 

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TENSES WITH ALTERED VERBAL STEM. 77 

^liKXoDV airodvTiaKeiv avrh^ kavrinf i/uiKapi^eVf on 
ovSel? ^AOffvaioDv fUXav ifiariov ZC aurhp iveSvaaro, 

— 'EQaufjM^e X(o/cpaTf)^ el tk dperfjv iTra/yyeXXo' 
fievo^ aprfupiov irparrovro^ KCki, firj vofil^oi to /a€- 
tyujTov K€pSo^ i^eiv* ^iKop ar/aOhv feTrf{rafM€vo<;, dXXa 
if>o^o2To fifj 6 ty€p6/M€P0^^ Kd\M KwyaOb^^ Tft> ra /a€- 
^tcra' evepyertfaauTi firj rrjv fieylarrjp %aptp efo*. 

— 'ZoD/cparry;, r&v iraipayv ixKKh^eu ^ovkopAvwv^ 
avrov ix rov Sea-fUDTrjpiov, ovtc i^eiirero^, — Hap* 
pffciav Bk ircarr^ oovov j^vaiov^^ — Ol ap^ovre; 
iinp,eKeL(T6(ov ircancav. — ^CKov^ ict& firj iropra^ 
Toif<: fiovKofjbkvov^, aiXKd, Toi/^ rrj^ aij^ ^vaeca^i a^iov^ 
jovTWi^, — JlKaTcav ttoKKoki,^ hv^onf etc rov <f>pear' 
T09 dvifioTo TO iBtop MU e^c^ct" /co\d^(i)v rffv eiri^ 
dvfiiav, — IS^elKtov irpoaerarre fi'q KOKokorfelv rov^ 
irXriaiov^' el 8k /A17", cucoweaOaL^^ i<f)^^ oU \v7njy 
aetrdai^'', — T/? twv fJbeyioTCDVf SetXo? <3i/", <wp€- 
^aro^^; — ''Aarer/ov eis oIkov Sefot** /cal TV<f>K6v 
oSijyet. 

§ 79. Meya9 t^ ovrt^ ovto^ dvi^p, 09 av fie- 
y£Ka BvvriTcu^ yi/dfirj BcaTrpd^curOcu fiaXXov fj 
pdp/p. — 'EttcI oi ^HpcucKeiBai etcpdrrjaav IleXo- 
irowtiaoVf rpei^ iSpvaavro fi<ofiov^ irarp^v Ato?» 
KcCi hit Toxncdv eOvaav ical i/eKrfpdo'avTo tcu; nroKei^, 

— O* errrd Hepacu^ fierd rov 'ZfiepBu><; dai/arov 
irepl rfj^ ^aaCKeia^ e^ovKevaaino roLwBe* orou* ai/ 
<> Xmro^ rjkiov dvareKKovro^^ irp&ro^ il>0ey^r}T(u hf 
T^ TTpocuTTeUp^ TOVTov l^eiv^ T^v jSaaiKeiav. — IIoX- 
Xol fjBi] ao<f>ol hroXiTevaavTO, IlnTaiico?, 2oXg)V, Au-. 

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78 VERBS IN ia. MIDDLE. 

KovfTfo^, TjoKevKo^j oKKjoi fivpiot, ^Apfiorret yap 
,T^ ao^^ 7ro\iT€V€o-0cu * rk yap a/ieivov'' tovtov 
avfi^ovKevaereu ri avfuf>€pov, koX v6/jlov^ koI -^n;- 
{fyuTfuiTa eiarfftiaercUy kcX dhcDpoSo/crfra ravra tut- 
raTTpd^erai ; — Mrjrloypf;^ fiev yap arpavi/yei, Miy^ 
rifyxp^i S^ TO? oBov^\ Mrjrlo^o^ S' aproxri hronra, 
Miyrtb^o? he roK^ira^^, Mi/t/oj^09 Se ttSv vroiel^ 
ra^^, Mr}Tioxo^ S* olfid^erai^, — Takavrov^ 17 
irpoi^' fit) 7^A/3a)^^; ^v S' eort" fioi raXavrov wrep- 
iScvTi^^; rev^ofuu^'' S^ vTTVovTTpoifievfx;^*; ovSaxroD^ 
Se Kav'^AiZov^ ZUrjv, (09 '^a-efirjKo^^ iek roKavrov 
dpyvpovv ; — AvKovpyo<: w/w** rov ix r&v 'A^SiJ- 
pa>v irpea^evrqv, 2x6 Karerravaaro iroKKa ehrdv^f 
ipanwirra, rl toJ? iroKirai^ airayyeKoV^^ ^^"OriT 
€<fyr)^, " 2<7oi/ crv xpovov^ Xiyeiv ^XPV^^^* Toaovrov^ 
eyw auoTT&v rjKOVOP,^* — Tiv irrfkuv, a<f> oS top av^ 
ffpanrov Bien\d(raro" 6 UpofirjOev^, ovk i^vpaaev 
iBarv d\\d SaKpvoi^. 

XVI. 
c. Passive. 

§ 80. ^ilpUov, Surtceveiv ^Kprefiw irpoieoCKecra^ 
fieifo^j VTT avTtj^ iro^evdrj. — AcKaro^ affXo^ era- 
Xffv^ 'UpaKT^l, Ta9 Trjpvovov ^ov^ i^ ^EpvOeia^ 
KOfJbl^eiv. — 'EXei/iy vtt ^AXe^dvSpov rov* TJpidfiov 
i^pTrdaffff^, — TcSp 'EWrfViKoov vXa/rr&v 4>€tS/a9 
K(d UoKvicXeiTo^ /col Mvpcov /cal Upa^triXf)^ fid- 
Tua-Ta hrtfvi&qaav^ K(iL idav/idaOrfa'av, — Sd/ivpi^, 
KoKKei Sia^ipow ical KidaptpBia, irepl fioinrpK^^ rj- 

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TENSES WITBJLLTEfiED VERBAL STEM. 79 

^4<r€ Mowatr riTTqdel^ hi xnr aurcoVf t&v ofifmrfov 
KoX T^9 Ki0apiX>Sla<: eareprfi'q, — "KfWKo^ Xeyercu 
v(j> €pb<: T&v AioaKovpo)!/ KaTaircCKaiaOrjvai, — At 
irdXaiaX iroKeL^ S*a rfjv Xytrreiav airo^ OaKdaarf^ 
/jbdWov ^Ki(T0rjaav\ — ^Ep raU Svairpa^iai^ tjiuv 
iinSeiicTiov'' iativy crt t&v aXKcov^ a/ieivov re- 
0f}dfifie0a^ Koi ireiraiZevfieOa irpb^ aperriv* — Te- 
X€vrrj(TavTO<;^^ rov 'Ake^dvSpou Aiy/ia&79 o prfTfop, 
" '^O/AOtoi/^V' €^, " Zid Ttjv avap^lav opdadcu t6 
arparirirehov t&v "MLafceSovayv iKT€TV^\(Ofiev^ t^ 
KvKXayjTU^ — Xefilpafii^; kavry KaToaKevcuraaa ra- 
^v iir&Ypa'^€v, oort? av XPVM^'^^^ Befjd^ fiaatr 
X6V9, SteXoi/ra" to fivrjfJLeiov, iaa fiovXerai, Xafielv^K 
Aapeto^ oSv BieK&v^, j^ijfJuiTa fiev ov)^ €vp€^\ ypap." 
float Be erepois iveTVX^^ TciSe Xeyoi/trti/". *' Et /jltj 
Kcuco^ riaff avfip koX yprniaTCiiV air\ri<rTO<;, ovk av 
v€Kp&v 0i]Ka^ eKlvei^r — 'Apto-ToreXiy? ipcDTtfOek, 
Ti irepirfvfverat xipBo^ toI? y^evBofievoi^;; "'^Orai/," 
eifyrj, " Xeyoxrti; dXrjff^y fi^ irMTeveaOcu^''.'* — 0eo- 
<f>pa<TTo^ irpi^ rhv iv r^ avfiwocrlq> auair&vTa t6 
oTiov^ effyrj, " El fiev d/juidfj^i el, ff>povlfJuo<s iroiei^, el 
Bk ireTralBevaai, d^povoy;,^^ — 'EttI t^9 /cdXaKeia^, 
wairep hrl fivi^fjuiTo^, avro^ fiovov to Svofia t^9 
^CKia<i eirvyeypairTai^. — Tle^vKa^o^ Toiairra ttoL" 
€ijfi oirocra fiifAf^iv evkoyov exei irapd t&v iroXK&Vf 

§ 81. 'ABuvaTOV €<m, Thv Ta^tp Kpv^dana 
irphi^ Th ^cS? dvar^eiv, — BovXevou TroXXa* irph tov 
Xeyctv ^ irpdrreiv' ov yap SSeta^ dvaKaKea-aa-Oai 
rd 'Ke\0€VTa 17 wpa'^devTOf — 'O Upoavko^ xnr 

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80 VERBS IN f^ PASSIVE. 

arfpUiv 0ffpla>v BuunraaO^ro)* — MeXira irepl KOr 
\&v e!nTriB€VfidT<ov Xiyeiv, Xva aweOtad^*; Ifioia 
^povelv, — ^Av€V ojAovoiwi ovr av woXav cS irdXjr 
revOelff ovr oIko^ KaXS^ olKr)0€irf. — Othrore /ea^ 
\ov9 Kapiroif^ ap/rrekov yewi^a'ovai p,rj ^irroTpoifyijT 
Oeiacu} KoiXSt^, — Kiyovai} top ^HpcucKia ev rg 
0?Ti7 KaroKavOiirra^ Oehv y€vi<T0q,i'^. — "IfivKo^ 6 
iroirjT^ iv cS^ ^V€v6pL€vo<; inrh Xtftrr&v koX oi)- 
heva^ ovT€ avp^p^iypv ovt€ pApivpa t^9 eTri/SovXfj^ 
ej^wj/, 6€Ciiprj<ra<; yepdvov^, " *T/Aet9," l^iy, '* cS yepa- 
voty TCfuapi^a'curOi fiov rhv ^ovov^^ t^9 Se 'froKeaxs 
fi/Towiy?^ T0U9 tfyoveva-avTOf: xal ov iwafihrj^^ €iJ- 
pelv^t iirireKovfieuov dedrpov^^ xal rov Zrffiov KaQe- 
ippJkvov^i yipavot Bierrrrjaap^. decurdfiepoi Sk oi 
<^vek iyiXaaav icai, " 'iSou"," elTroi/" " ol ri/uopol 
Tov 'I)8i5icot;." rwv Sk ir\r}aiov KaOe^op^ivayp^ ri^ 
aKovca<; dinjyyeiKe^^ toJ? a/>xa?9" fcal avWrf^Oev* 
Te9*' dfioXoyrja-av rhv <f>6pov. — ^pdaov^^ o,Tt fie, 
Set TToirjaai, Kal ireirpd^erai^. — *Av^p SeiXw: iirl 
irokefJLOv e^eiv^* ^Oey^apAvayv^ S^ KopdKCDVf rd 
&7rXa OeU^ iJcrtJ^afev • etra dvaXa/Sdov^ av6i^ 
€^€ii^, Kal <f>0€yyopAp<op^ iraKiP viri<rn]^' /cat 
riXo^s" elirep' ^^^Tfi€i<: Ke/epd^eaOe^ m Svparov^ 
fi^ioTa, i/jLov^ Sk ou yevaeade^^ — Aou\oi;9 yap 
oi KoKm Trejrda-dai*^ Kpelaaopa^ rwp BeawoTWP^^ 

§ 82. Oi5 ZUoAOPy a T§ diropla i/cnjOrif t0 
irepu>v(Tia diroKkaOa^. — TlXdrcDP ipayvrfOek, irS^ 
CTffp Bei ovalap ej^ctr, ehrep' ""Oo-iyi; e^o^p ovr erri" 
fiovXev0i]a€(,\ oStc r&p avayKamp diropriaei^r-^ 

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TENSM WITB ALTHBEM TJSEBAZ STEM. 61 

*Ei avdpwrosv *)(pr}fiaTd Keicko^w^* Kokai^ercUp 
i7r6<r<p fiaXXop Ko\aa-di]a-€Tcu 6 ra* tcSp de^v cuKr^ 
era?; — HeKia t& ^IcoKkov fiaaiKel i^ijadrf^, vir6 
Tov /jLovoireSiXov,^ cofaupeOriaGaOai, — - Opdre, <a 
BiKdcral, ef SiKalax; KoKaarOrfcofJLeOa. -^ Arffioadir 
vr}<; 6 pi]T<M>p eXf 7€, woXeo)? elvcu '^ifXVV tow pofiov^ 
wairep Be to awfia areprjdev '^lnf)(r}^ iriTrret, ovrco 
KoX 7r6Xt9, fifj 6vT(ov* vofuov, KaraXvQritTeraL, — *f> 
irarfKOKLaroi koX to BovXop^ ov Xoy^ e'xpme^y a>Xa 
ry TVXV KeKTTifievob^^, — Ovtc, av" tis; eXirri^ TroXXfl, 
6avfiaa6ri(T€raLy 6 fiucpa S' elTrdv^^ fiaXXop, av^ ^^ 
yprjunfiaH "^^''O fieSXei^ irpaTTCiv, firj irpoX^e* 
diroTuxo^v^ yap y^Xaa-Otfijet,, — Oi iv "AiBov^^ S*- 
Kaaral tou? 'Trbvrjpov^ ek top twp cure/S&p x^P^ 
i^hrefJLTTOP^'^ Korh Xoyop Ttj^ oZlkUl^ KoXaaOT^a-ofJSr 
vov^^. — Aiyova-op *Apa^ar/6pap wr ^Adrjpalwp 
irhrre ToKavToi^i ^rffJLLfoOrjpac kclL ^vyaBevdfjpat^ 8ta 
TOP fi>aop fivBpop iXeye Bidirvpop^ 

§ 83. 'Aw' el fJL€P €pBex€(T0€, Kot fiovXeaOe 
' IJLOi, xp^o-dat .7rpo0VfjLq>, ttjp e/irjv ylrvxv^ €7© S/Sco/x.'* 
eKovaa TolaB\ apWyKoa-delara S' ov. — *Hpa/c\^9 hf 
rfi Otrp tcaTe^7Ur/Tj*. — 'H N?j/09 /caT€arKd<f>rf^ inth 
MiySo)!/, 8t€ KaTeKvaap ttjp ^Aaavpuop apx^P* — 
T6^api<: 6 XKv6r}<; vir ^AOrjpalcop ek tov? ^Attckov^ 
fjpa>as irfKaT€7y^i]\ — MiWofiep^ eyypa<f>rj<Te(rdai, 
eh TYfP To^LP T&p fTTpaTevofiepoyp, — XapSapaTraWtp 
T^ ^AaavpUap fiaatXeZ irdpTe<; oi ep toI<; ^aaCKeioi'i 
avyKaTeicav6ri<Tap^. — 'P^<ro9 iTrlTpoia iTeXeuTrjaep 
inro AiofMT]Bov<: irXrjyei^. — 01 KopaKe^ tou9 etcrpa* 

6 

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12 VERBS IN i^ PASSIVE. 

^>kvra^ veoTTob^ ix T79 tcdKta^s €Kl3aXKov<nv, — • 
^OoTis au\oh teal Xvpaiat KaraTerpififUu j^pdfie^ 
yo9^ elra* /*€ a-KOTrreiv KeKeuei^ ; — 'A-jroXoXa*. 
t/XXov t^ "karfwif d^i]aofKU^\ — ^Avriyovo^ 
S€VT€po^, diroOavovTO^^ 2jrjv<ovofs rov Kirt^co^, ip 
liaKi,(TTa T&v ^(Xo€ri(f>osv idavfuurev, ekeye, ri Oear 
rpov auTOv roiv irpa^etov dyppTJaOcu^K — "Kdrcop 
iOavfia^e, ttw a-d^ercu ^6Xi9> ev y 'jruiXetriu ifKelr 
cvo^^^ I'XdifS fj /8oi)9. — Oi5 fiojJkeveadai eri &pa 
iariv, dKKa /Se^ovXewrOcu^, — "^pyov ti €/cd(rrq) 
T&v itoXlt&v iv T§ woXe* TrpoareraxOo)^* — 'Eav 
fi€ i^ekey^^^, ovk d'x0€a'0i](rofuu^^ o'oi, oKKd fU' 
yurro<: euepyeTTj^ dvayeypay^€i^\ — 'Ei/ roh Apa* 
'KOvro<: vofioL^ fiia oTraaiv &piaTo^ toZ? dfiapTd" 
vovfTi ^^P'ULy Odvaro^. — Xv/JLfid)(pv<; e^ofiev^ 
Snrama^ dvOpmrov^ ov ^e^icuTfiivov*; dXKd ireireio''- 

llhoV^^. II/)(St09 /t€P T&v CTpaTJfi&V K€Kpl(T6a>^ 

*AX€^avBpo^, fA€T avTov §€ 't/crprla>v o Thv ^Awl/Sav 
v€vi/cr)Kok, eh-a Tptro^ *Awl^cv:. 

§ 84, Ueirelpa/Mai^ Xlav, ©9 Trairre^ dpffpayiroi 
(f>lXot elcrl T&v ifKovaUov, — *0 dvdpdnnvo^ ^io^ 
TO fjLtjKtoTov^ €49 €Trf hcaTOv TreptyeypaTTTCU. — 'O 
iKi<l>a<; fiv/CTrjpa KeKTrjTai^ X€*po9 7rarf')(pri<TTOT€pov, 
— Ot yipovTC^ T&v €7n0vfii&v iareprjvTai, ovBev^ 
VTT avr&v iv<yx\o{ffJi£voi„ • — *Opa<;, on, TerdkoLirta^ 
prjfxeda ZlcL Thv iroKefioVf xal fieydXtov dyaO&v 

, iaTeprffieOa* — Ot Tervifxofiivoi dXa^ove^ ylyvovTai. 
^— OI9 av ai iinOvfiiaL jfoKdat^tTiVy ovtoi Seairo^ 

• T&v irdvv TToXX&p teal ^aXenr&v aTnyWoy/terot* 

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TENSES WITH ALTERED VERBAL STEM. 8^ 

, ^uriv. — KaXo? itrrof avOparTro^, rrfv '^vxv^ irai^ 
Sela K€KO{rfjLrjfj,€vo<;\ — Tk 8' oIko^ iv ^porounv 
wK/3ia6rj^ Troriy yvvaiKo^; iadXi}^ %«d/>*V> oyKcoOeU^ 
• X^^ ; — Uovov fieraWa^dhrro^^ oi nropoi 7XV- 
4cek^^. — Ovpavov S* aTro" Tjarpay^e^*, /Spovrfj S* 
ippdyrj^ Si' doTpaTrrj^, — *A\X' el fiev ^i/" kKoov^ 
aiiv^^ laadai KaKo, koX top Oavovra^ SaKpvoi^ autr 
trravaL^f o 'xpvah^ fjrrov tcrrjfia rov KKaeiv^^ av 
rjv \ wv o , a) yepaie, ravr avrfvvTO}<; c^ei , top 
fi€V rd^tp Kpv^devra 7rpo9 to ^w ayeiv KafioV 
yap av^ iraTqp ye haKpvtov xapti/** dvrjtcr^ av eh 
<f>oh. — '^Optcov Se irpotrreOevTos:^ iirifMeXearepa 
yfrvxH KaTeoTT)^' Birra yap ^vXaTrerac, ^tKoav re 
fie/jty^ip /cet?" Oeoi^ afiapTavetp, — ^Avd^arfopa w 
T& K\a^o/jL6pia) aTTovSd^ovTi^ 7rpo9 tov^: eralpov^ 
irpoaeXOcop^ eifyrj TeBvapai^^ 01^^ tov<; Svo iralSas; 
ovairep Kal^ fiopov^ clx^v 6 ^Apa^ar/opa^, *0 Bk 
ovSep BiaTopa^deh^ elirev, ""HtSiy** $pt}tov^ ye- 



yepprjicm. 



§ 86. ^Apdp<07ro^ &p fjuefiPTjao^ t^9 Koiprj^ 
Tv^V^* — To ey^evadai^ t^9 dKrjOeCa^ kukop, — 
'OTTTjvUa Tt9 e/e [laKpa^ koX hrLKtphvpov diroBr}-' 
fjLia^ iadOrj^ €<l>a^KOP oi "EXXi/ve?, e^ '^AvSov ai5- 
Top huurea&adoL, — Twi/ ap6pmr<op oi fiep ip eOetru 
KpetTToaiPy oi 8* ei^ ^et/joo-i TeOpafifiepot^ eurip, — 
T^9 dypoovfi€Pri<: dperrj^s 009 tov KOToptopvyfJbkpov^ 
ypvaiov r) \afnrpoTri<; oi ^aiPeTai. — Koti/oi/ TiJj^iy, 
yp(Ofiri hk T&p Ke/CTfjfiepa)p, — 'EfeXiyA^^at*, cS- 
vrovr)p6raT€f 'fjfia^ airaTtiiTw;. — 'H8i) to*9 ctaOeuri, 

6—2 • ' 



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84 VERBS IN w. PASSIVE. 

fieiivfjaOai} t&v iroi/av, -r— AiSoicrai'' rb Trparyfia* 

6 KV^O^ dv€ppi(f>OQ}\ — TcSl/ 0VT(01? oT/ad&v KoX 

KcCK&v oihhf avev nrovov koX hnfiekeia^ deoX SiSoci-' 
cLif^^ av0p(irjroi^y aXX' efre rov^ deow; T\e(o<: etval 
troi /3ov\ei, depairevriov tov<; deov^, eJre vnh 
^tXxdv ideKei^ aryairaaOcu, Toif<: (l>[Kov<; evepyert)^ 
reoVf etre viro rivo^ TroXeo)? eiriBvfieU rifiaadai, 
Trjv TToXiv (i<f>€\rjTeov, etre xnro t^ *EXXaSo9 
airaari<; a^coU iir apery davfuz^eo'dcUf rrp/ 'EX- 
XaBa^^ iteipajiov ev iromv, etre yrjv /SovXet <roi 
KapTTOv^ a<f>06vov<; <f>€p€iVy rffv yfjv Oepairevreov, 
€iT€ dirb ^oaicriixaroDV oteo Setp^^ ifKovri^eaOcu^ tcop 
fioa/cT)fiaTQ)P^^ hrbfjLeKijreov, eXre Sid iroKifiov 6p^ 
fta? au^€<T0ai xal ^ovXjec Bvi/aaffcu tov<; re <f>i\ov^ 
i\€v0epovv Kal rois ix^pov^ x^ipova-dai, ra? 'rro^ 
TsjefiiKa^ rej^a?" avja^ re nrapd r&v emaraiievoyv^ 
fUiOriTeov Kal Stto)? avraU^ Bel yprjadoA da/crjreov, 
€i Sk KaV T^ ad/jbart ^ovXet Bvvarb^ etvai, t0 
yvdfiri VTTTjperelv iOiareov ro a&iia^ kolL yvjivadreov 
avp TTOvov: kolI, iSpwri, 

§ 86. Tv^&vos rrdv ro awfia tcareTrripwro, — • 
Toiv evvea Movadv rjyetro 6 ^AttoWcov, d(f> ov koX 
"MovaTjyerrjf: dvofjutaro. — 'Ei/ Tla^apydSac^ ra* 
^9 fjv Kvpov rod irpdrov Tlepadp fia^CKeo)^^ h^ 
^ rdZe iireyeypairro' ***fl avOpayrrCy iyd Kvpo^ 
el/Miy 6* rfjv dpxTjv to?9 Tlepaai^ /crrja-dfjuevo^ teal 
T^9 'A<7ai9 fiaaCKevaa^; ' firj ovv <f>0ovrjarj<;^ fioc rov 
^vriiuiro<;r — 'EttcI JLvpcp r^ veoyrepcp, fieXXovr^ 
grparevaecOai* hrX rhv oBeh/pop ^Apra^ep^^ /u-» 

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TENSES WITH ALTERED VERBAL STEM. 85 

crdo^pav irXfiOo^ iKavbv avinj/cTo\ xal raf irph^ rffv 
arparelap evrpimoTOf iopfirja-ev cS?* irrl rfjv KtXt^ 
Kiav a^tov Tqv SvvafMiv, — *AvTia0eprf<: eXeyeu, 
T^Sova^ ra<; fiera tov^ irovov^ Buotcriov'', aXX ov)(l 
ras irph T&v TTOVfov, — KoXcurreoi/' tov^ oBifcou^p 
/ecoXirriov Sk rov^ vjSpi^eiV povKofievov^. — T^ 
v6(i(p ireurrkov' koIX aTroXoyrjriov, — HeioTeop^ 
iraTpo<i lJrfov<;. — Ovre vavv i/c fiia^ ary/cvpa^, ovre 
filov i/c fjua^ iknCBo^ 6pfuaT€ov\ — El fjbiXXofiiv 
irore Ka6ap&; re etaeadat^ awaWaKriop^ rod aci' 
fjUt'TO^ Kol avT^^ T§ '^'^X^ Beariov avrcL ra irparf^ 
lUVTOt Kot t6t€, oh eoiK€V^\ rjfilv eoTOt" o5" hn0v» 
liovfiev re fcal (fyafjuep ipcurral elvcUy ippovijaecD^^ 

§ 87. KaXXtoToi/ &7 rovro \eyerai xal XeXe- 
ferat^, tiri r6 fikp <i(f>i\cfjLov KaXov, t6 Si pKafiephp 
aUrxpov. — TLpea^vripfp vecoripcav Trdvrmv apyeiv 
Te KoX Ko\i^€iv^ 7r/3ocrT€Taf€T(W*.— 'H TToXiTeta 
KoXm KCKOcfMijaercUf ictv ol eirttrKonrovvre^i avrijv 
tfyukcuee^ toi5tg>i/* hnarrjfiov&i oo<ra/\ — Ei; fie erroi' 
ritra^* evepyertf^ €19 oel dvarfeypayjtci, — Ot dpyiH 
poyvd/jLove^ Suvyuyvwo'Kovo'if riva r&v vofiiafioTODv 
iarl SoKi/jM kclL oKlfiBrjXa^ teal riva 7rapaK€K0fifiiva. 
— Ueipariov* tow veavlaicov^ oKoXaala^ airorpi" 
nreiv. — JleKrreov' rot? v6fJLoi<:. — 'Zoa^poavvrjv flip 
Suofcriop* /cal da/crfreop, cucoTma-lap Be <f>ev/CTiop, — 
XvpeOurriop Toi^ waiBa^, del rdXrfOrj Xiyet^p. — 
Miyrpo?* T€ KoX warp^ /cal t£p aXKeop Trpoyovmp 
q/irapTcop rifiuorepop^^ iarip ij irarpU /cal aefipore* 

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g6 7ERBS IN 01. FMlSiVS 

pov /cat dyiwrepop Kol iv ficL^ovt /lolpq}^, /cat irapi 
6eok Koi, trap avQpdmoi^ Tobi vovv exovat^y KaV 
ai^ea-ffai, SeZ koL fiaXKov {nreiKeLV icaX Oayrreveip 
Trarp&a xfCKeiraivovaav rj irarepa^ /eal fj irelOeiv^^ 
ff iroceip a av KcXevrj^*, /col 'JTcutx^w, idv ri irpoa^ 
faTTTf *7ra0€2i/^, Tjavxictv ayovTa^\ idp re tv- 
TneaOab^ idv re Setcr^aA*', idp re ct9 TroKefiov dyr) 
'fpci>07)a'6fjL€VOV^^ fj d7ro0avovfJb€POV^\ iroirfriov ravra, 
itaX TO BUaiov oifTox; e^et^*, koX ov^i VTrei/criov, ovSk 
dvax^optp-ioVf ovSe 'KeLirriov rqv raf w/^, dXKd /col" 
iu TToXifitp Kal iv BiKoarrfpiq) xal iravraxpv irovq^ 
teov a dv KeXevp^* 9} 7r6Xt9 teal rj iraTph, ^ ireiOeiv^ 
avTfjv ^^ TO BUaiov Tre^vKe^^j fiid^eaOai, S' ov^ 
oaiov ovT€ firjripd^ oiSre Traripa, ttoXv Be rovrtov^ 
€Ti ^TTOv" Tfjv irarplBa, 

XVII. 

d. Liquid Ybbbb. 

§ 88. T/9 afjueivov rod ao<l>ov Kpivel ra Bucaiay 
-^ OvT09 fiaKiara 7rdvT<ov if)CKoTrdT<op icrrtv, 2<rrt9 
flrjBkv^ XvTrrjaei tov Traripa, xal irXetara ev^paveL 
-=- OuSel? dvdpmreov fii^P^ reXoxn evri^i}? €/J>€iv€v\ 
-^ "Eo-^Xei/* 7] rvxn, 01)9 dv xn^tdarj, — T^ priro- 
piK^ riyyn i<f>dvri^ ^0)9 Xafinrporarov ^laoKpdrri^. 
-^ *T7r^ TToWoO oXvov rayp^ rffilv /cal rd adfiara 
kal al yv&iiai c^aXovvrac. — Acoyivrj^ ^LXoao(f>o<:^ 
ipcDTTjOeh vrro nvo^y ttcS? €vBo^o<; iyivero^ direKpl^ 
ifaro* " "Or* iiKiara!^ Bol^% ^povrl^cov^ — Mavel^^ 
Ata<; iaxrrhv i^bvevaev. — Avarvx&f^ Kpvwre^, iva 
firj roh ix^poif^ evf^pdvy^i, — M^ Kretve' top' 

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TENSES WITH ALTERED VERBAL STEM. Sl 

iKenjv yap ov Oifii^^^ /cravctv. — NOi' ovv ikarv 
pr)fidTCi)v KTevure fie, — Oi; rhv aov iicrav^ ircu- 
T€pa iroXifiiov ye p/qv, — At yap a<f>aX€laai raiaiv 
oifK ia^xiKpAvoK; ala^o^ yvvai^i, Kal xe/colvoyvTcu 
'sjt6yov Tafe ov xaKaiaip ai KaicaL — ArjfjLoa-Oepov^ 
ehroino<i^ irph^ tov ^coKuava, "*A7ro/cT€vov(rl ae 
^A0Tjvaioi, iav imv&ai^,'' ^'Nal,"" elTrev", ''ifik tih^\ 
ictif /Mapwci, ae Se^, iap a(o<f>pov&<Ti,vr — Ziyi^^y 
ioiikov ifiaariyov iirl kKotttj* tov hi elirovro^^^ 
" EE/iapTo" iioi KKe^ai^^ " Kol Sap^vat}^^ €<frr) 6 

ZlJl/G>I/. 

§ 89. 'Etr^aXi;!/ t^ 4ca\r}<: ih/rrlSo^. — 'Et€0- 
k\tj^ /cal Hdkt/velKrj^y irepX r^ ^aaiXeta^ pLOVOfLar 
j(pvPTe, aX\rj7<jov<: dve/creivarrjv, — ^Airo/cpival fioc, 
2,Ti^ ae ipcarriato, — ^KiroXKcov top ipdfievov *Ta- 
KivOov Sia-Kco jSdXmv cnritcTeivep. — 'O ttT^jovto^ 
Ti/jLiovt TO) *A0rjpal(p pivpicop kokwp oXtlo^ KaTe- 
<rTif, pZao<i iireyeipaf;*, kol riiviraOela Sia^deipa^, 
teal hri^dopop d7ro<f>i^pa^\ — Kara* top XoipLOp 
top pbk^ap oi ^AdriPcuoL tov<; fTTepoyiroifs otpfp ttoXSj^ 
^ppapap\ — 'O pL€Ta So^^;^ 6dpaT0<; tov p.€T al^ 
a')(ypri<; fiiov alperdrepo^ Trap ip^l^ KpiOriaerai^. — 
'iArjheui, aTTOKTelpaa'a tov<; eavrf}^ iralia^y i<l> ap- 
puiTOf; BpaicoPToyp irTepcuTwp ix "KoplpOov efc ^AOrj- 
va<; i^vyep. — ToJv piep Oavfia^op^ipcDP eKeipcop co- 
^lOT&p iKkeXohraaip^^ oi ^joyoi,, kclL ovBcp fj^ Tct 
ovofjuiTa p^opop eoTip' oi Zh tov 'ZcoKpaTov^^ ovtc 
dtS* Sttg)?** Scapbipovo-t xal Scapbepovac top airapTa 
j(p6pop^^* TOVTov nhf avTov ovSep ypay^ajrros^ ^ 

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88 TERES Ilf^ LIQUID YERBS^ 

KaroKinrovTO^y ovre <nrfypaiifia ovre SiaOijKa^:. — ' 
2T/)€7rTe5^* K€ifi€vq> eTT* T79 7^9 XP^^^ TlepaiK^ 6 
%efiKTTOKKrj<; 7rap€a'Ta><s^^, tw iraiSi ehrev, "OiJ/c 
dvaipi](T€i^, CO TTcu, TO €vp7)fia ToSc;" Bei^a^^^ tAv, 
OTpcTTTov* " ov yop ax> QefJUOTOKkf}^ el'* 

§ 90. 'Ew /ti) ^vXarriT? tA fii/epa, airo^oKei^ 
ra fieydXa, — KaS/xo9 i/ajpv^e r^ Trjv Xff>lyya cmo^ 
KTevovvri iwaeiv^ 'xprf^ra iroXKa, — ^Oaoi tu- 
^\6v* ^Ofi7}pov d7r6<f>i]pavTOf aurol fJLOt SoKovai, rfp^ 
Bidpoiav* iremfpoiadai. — Uepaev^ direrefie t^9 
MeSouejiy? rrjv Ke^oKijv, — ^Amiaxp^ 6 fi€ya<: ev rp 
ir/569 TaXdra^ fidyri ^lerd r&v iKe<f>djrr<ov rrjv Itt- 
' TTov^ avT&v €<l>d€t.p€V, — To *ydp ^av0€V Tt9 dp SiJ- 
vaiT dp^ dyipTfTOP iroielp ; — 0i;<t€V9 i/cdOrjpe^. rSiP 
KaKOvpytop Trjp 6B6p, rfjP €9 ^AOtjpaf; c/c Tpoi^rjpo^ 
^epovaap, — Map(n;a9, S9 ^AiroXKxopi irepl fiovair 
icTj^ ipUrw; rjTTrj67}y xnr avrov i^eSdprf'', — "Op/co^ 
171/ ^AOrjpalot^ fifjBepa firjT€^ i^ekdp^ fii]T€ Bijaeip 
fjLrjre dTTOKTepetP aKpirop, — Ovk oif>OaKfiM to 
Kplpop ioTip, dXKd pov<;, — Ovto9 fjudXiara Traz/- 
reop <f>i\o7rdT0}p iarip, 00-7*9 firjBep^^ Xirmjaei top 
Traripa, koX irXelaTa^^ €Vif>papeL — ^oKodp Kpot- 
a-op vir €vr\rxia<; BLe<f>6opirra^^ to t€Xo9 opdp 6/c€\- 
^<T€P, -— 'AXV, cS <I)lXoi, tovtojp yap ovp€K^ 
iardXrjp^, dprj^aT^^ eureXOopTe^^^y el BvpaadP^ tu 
tf>iXa)p yap. oi Tou>iBe pLKoopTai \67ot9. — TioXe/JLOv 
OVK dp^opi£p, dp^opApov^ Bk d/ivpovp^Ba^ 

§ 91. 'Ii/(w futpeura inro T^9"Hpa9, tov lauT^9 

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TENSES WITH ALTERED VERBAL STEM. 89 

ircuSa ema'<f>a^aaa MeKiKifynjv, IjXaro* aiv avr^ 
ek Tfjv doKatraap. — Tov Bewov ovra \ef€iv* ice* 
X^voT^^i* oi iroWol^ dfcovown, Oavfid^ovre^ xal 
evSai/Mvi^ovre: iirl rj Svpap^i tAv \6jwp. — *Io- 
parrj^ 'QcKKjepo^vrg hrira^e rffv "Klfuiipav terelpcu, 
vofiify>v avTOv Sui rod drjpiou Buu^api^aeaOcu, — 
*H/)a/rX^9 ofLokoyeiTcu' iravra rhv yevofievop^ airr^ 
KOT dvOpchrov^ *)(p6vov xnro^lvcu p^dXov^ koX 
OT/i/e^efe iropois /caX kivSvpov^ i/covaioD^f wa ri 
TCDi/ avOptirrrmv yevo^ €V€f)yen^€i€V^» — Tin/ fiiov oi 
nrpwTot, ^vhne^ iiri 7^9 ovk evOv^ ©5x6)9 &<rn'€p 
yvv expvra^ Korikafiop^, — noXXa/ic(9 direipia 
T0V9 dvBpmrov^ €fT<fyrj\jev, — *ft9 hf fiia 'n'Xrjyp 
Kare^aprat,^^ iroXv^ oXfio^, t6 Tlepacov S' dvOo^ 
oX')(€Tai, Treaov^. — Aia wairro9 rov ovpavov /caX 
7^9 rerafjbevov^* iarl (f>w<;, — Aeycoi/ 70X17^^9" ov 
affyaXel irore. — TtXa9 Aa#ccDV drfiova, kcu fipa-xelav 
iraw aapKa €vp<iv^\ cZttc", "<E>a)w} av Tt9 c2 koX 
ovBep aKKo^\^ 

§ 92. Mfj hriyap^^ rat^ drvxi^u^ r&v ir^Xa9** 
— Tov9 X6yoi;9 oi p/qicwovfiev^ rjyovfbevoi fipax^k^ 
apKeaeiv. — 'Ixavi] i<mv 1; tf^CKavrla rd piv iiui 
peyoKoTTOifjacu xai diroKvSrjvai, rd Bi r&v oKKcov* 
KaToa-p^iKpvpat koX Si^avXiaak — Ot; XPV ^or^ 
rfjv Tvyr^v dvSpb^ eS irpdaaovro^ euSod^p^pia-ai, irplv 
av avr^ 6 ^lo^ iravrekoh ifnrepapO^, — 'O Tf)P 
'^irxrjv*' K€KaOapp,ipos;^ p^Wop iari Ketcoaprjp,ipo^ 
fj 6 Koki^ ifTOfJTa^ ipStK>p>€Po^. — 'H p^akri orpou- 
^09 irrepoli p,ep yjurioi^ hrreptarai, dpdrjpai^ Be /caX 

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do VERBS IN 01. LIQUID VERBS. 

€t9 fiaJBvv dipa fiereoDpurOfjpcu ^vaiv ovk e^^i*. — 
AoKCov IBoov^ ayelpovrd riva Oeok^ ovSev etire ^poP" 
rl^eiv* de&v 7rTG>;^0T€pQ)i^ kavrov, "^repo^ oKrf&p 
tou9 o^daX/JLoix;^^ i^vv^ errl TroXefiop' TJyoPTODP Bk 
avT& TiPCOPy " Hov aTret" oi5Ta>9 cx^^v^f V ^^ ^oiij- 

\€filov ye fidxaipap afipXvp&r — Acuccop^ eirel t^ 
fi€P irporepa rjfMepa 6 ^ero? avrop €^€k\ip€^^, t§ S* 
€^^9 aTpdfiara ^PV^dfiepo*;^^ Bay^iXw^ vTreSe^ero, 
errtiSa?^* rot? drpcofiaai /caTeirarei, hriKeytop Bia 
ravra ex^^^ ovB* eirly^cddov KaTaBapOup^, — 'ETrt- 
an^fiTj Bet KpipeaOcu aW' ov TrXijOei to /iteXXoi/ 
/caXo)*; Kpi0T^<Te<r0aL 

§ 93. 'Apra^ep^^y Kara'rreiroXefirjtcdh T^vpop 
TOP dSeXif)6p, anre<TTeCXe ^appd^a^ov 7rapaXf)yfr6fie- 
vop^ IT CUT w; Ta9 etn doCKaaari iroXei^, — %ipBo\ to- 
trovTOv^i Ix^v^ €7rl toi)? t/i^i;? tcSp TeXeuTTfadprap 
€7re)8a\\ov, ocrot;? iroXefilov^ 6 Oairrofiepo^; direKTo^ 
vok* etrj. — Aiopvao^ Avfcovpy^ t^ ^HBoDPcip jSao'tr' 
Xel fiaplap ivefiaXep* 'O Bk* fie/irjpwf; Apvopra top 
iraiSa, dfjuireXov pofiL^(ap KXfjfia Koirreip, ireKeKei 
iraiaa^ direKreipep. — Aer/ovo'c TLdZfiop top* ^Ayrj- 
vopo<; i/e ^oipi/ctj^ vtto tov ^aaiXeo)^ diroaTcCXrjpcu 
irpo^ ^riTtiavp Trj<i lEiVp(&!rr)<;. — IIcS^ XPV ^P^^ '^^^ 
€v dyirXcafiipovf;^ paBm^ mXefiop dpcurOcu^; — 
KaXXo9 rj XP^^^ dptj/Xcoaep^ tf poao^ ipApope, — 
*0 KaKOf; ovBepo^i^ direxeroUf idep* dv BvpaTov ^ ti 
KepBdpcu. — Ti aiBripo^pelaOai to J? AoKpoli^^ KaX 
Toh AlTO)Xol<i dirh t^9 TraKcua^ XyoTela^ ifLiiejie* 

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TENSES WITH ALTERED VERBAL STEM. 91 

injK€y^\ — Ov XPV ''^^ ^ irpaaaovTO<; oK^laai 
Txrxas; dpBpo^, irplv avr^ iravreXok ^Sr) fiio^ Ste/c- 
irepavO^^ Kol T€\€irn;<ri7" fi^v. — *Ep/i^9 X^Xci- 
mjp ifCKaOypa^ koL ek t6 kvto^ y^ppSa^ ivrelva^ 
etpyda-aTo Xvpav, — %vqT&v 8e pnjhei^ firjBev 
oXjSiov TTOTC Kpivr), irplv avrov eS reKevrqaavT 

§ 94. T/9 av iriare^a-eiev^f Zrt ite twv xnro 
^aSfiov {nraphrroav oSoptodv tov Bpcucovro^ €<f>vaav^ 
€P07r\oi apSp€^; — AuryyvOeiriv^ av, el <f>av€ir)U 
fiaXXap <l>poPTl^a)p T^9 ifiavrov^ So^9 fj t^9 kocpt}^ 
aoyrqpia^. — At Tvy(cu ai twp fipor&p paSia)^ fier-^ 
aWdTTOva-ip • 09 7^/) ap a<f)aXy, iraKip opSovraij 
Kal 6 irplp einv^aa^ TrlTrrct. — MiKap 6 K/ootg)- 
i/icLTTj^ ravpop dpdfiepo^^ ip ^OXvfnria lifyepc Bca 
fjiiaov TOV araZiov, — TivOcuyopw; Kai tlp€<: t&v 
irciXaL&p ^vctvk&p a7re<f>rjpapT0 Trjp dpOpcoTrlprjv yfrv 
')(rfp elpoi dOdparop. — Aeyovcri irapd ytoavpoLKoi^, 
edpei jSaplSapifcw, cnraprw; i/e 7ratSo9* crTLyfia<n top 
re PWTOP /cat rd cttt^Ot) KaTaireiroi/eiXOat', — *AXV 
etirep el yeppcuo^, (W9 avTO<; \iyec<;, ajfjuup^^ Stou* t 
el xcuTro^ei/**^, rb yap ^aXa)9 7r€<f>v/c6^^^ ovSep^ dp 
jMidpetep^ \0709. — ^ATTOTTTva'ai Set xal KodrfpOr- 
gOoa}^ (TTOfia. — Topyiwi irpb^ dtrapra e(f>r) diro^ 
KpiPelaOai^. — Om dp hvpaio^^ fit} /cafidop^'' evBair' 
fiopevp. — 'Z')(p>MaTtK6<: 0e\a>p rhp Xinrop avrov 
SiBa^a^ fiff Tpcoyeip ttoXKo, ov irape/Sdkep^ avr^ 
rpo^a^* Xifi^ S' dirodapopTO^;^^ rod Xmrov eXeye' 
"MIya eSf/iuoOTjp' 55t€ yap e/JUiOe^^ firj Tp(ayeiPy 

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9a TERES IF i^. LIQUID 7ERBS. 

Tore airiOavev^r — *Ifiijpa>v al yvvAucc^ /ear ero9*'> 
JJjTt" av e^v^r)V(oaiv^j iv koiv^ BevKVvaacV avSpe^ 
Bk 'xcipoTovrp'oX KpLvavTe<!; T171/ irKetoTa iprfoaafihrqv 
frpoTificicriv, — T/ fiot fiiXK€t<;y cS \a)<rr€**, diraffj/e" 
Xetv ; — OvK atayvvelraL 6 amf>pci}v irap oKKov tA 
avfKf>ipovra fiav0dva)v. — Il€piK\rj<; airo6vrj<TK<ov^ 
" OvBekr e^, " Bi i/ie fjuikav I/jAtiov irepiefid' 

§ 95, HaiBapiTO^ 6 AaxeBcufiovCcov aTparrjyo^:, 
Xeyoi/TO?* Tivo^, iri iroXKoi elciv ol TroXifiiot' " Oi5/c- 
ow,'* eijyrj, ^^rjfiet^ evKXeearepoi €cr6/i€0a\ wXeiov^ 
^dp dnroKTevovfievr — M^ySeta imfffeiKaro t^ 
^laaovi awepyr/o'eiv* irpo^ rfjv fcard^ev^vp twv x^X- 
KOTToBcov ravpayv, Kal t6 'XpvaofiaXKov Bipa^ €yx€t^ 
pL€tv\ iap avtrjv ^^V^ ^finfcCuca^ kclL €t9 Tfjv *EX- 
XaSa avfi'/rXovv dr/drfrjTai,\ — 'H *Att4/c^ X^P^ 
T^9 ^A0rfpd^^ i/cplOrj, in irp&rov rfjv eKdav iv 
avT^ i(fiVT€vcrev, — 'EttI AevKoKloovo^; VTrol3pvxuov 
dirdvrwv fcaraSeBvKorrtov ', Iv fiovov fafioiriov irepte" 
cdOrj^ TTpoaoKeTkav to) Av/c(opet — Ai rvOrfvaL 
ifiTTTvovcri T0?9 iraiBiot^, (W9 fiff jSaaKavOoocriv^ — 
'H fieXiTTa ri xiirrpov diro^oKoiKTa^^ diroOvfjo-Kei,. 
— Aeti^ Tt9 opyfj Koi Bva'laTO<; TriXct, orav ^tXot 
^CKovai, crvfifidX(a<r^ epiv. — Eu^pam ce irkovTo^ 
7roX\ov9 €V€pyerovvTa, — Ou/c iyd (re diroicrevw^ 
oXX' 6 T^9 7roX€tt)9 v6fio<:. — ^dvrjOi^ ravpo^ fj 
'rrdkuKpavo^ IBelv^* BpaKtov fj 7rvpi<f>\eya>v opdaOau 
Xeo)!/. — Vpavv rivd <f>aa(}^ fioaybif fiiKpop dpor-. 
fi,ivijv^\ Kal TOVTO Kaff rjfiipav iroiovaav Xadelv^^ 

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TENSES WITH ALTERED VERBAL STEM. 93 

fiovv <f>ipovcrav. — *HX^oi/" reOvcuTiv^* evTrpeiri" 
arepov Tldpi,<: ^eviav KaTtjayyv^^ ^ <n) crvfifia^ov^ 



§ 96. K.ifi^poi irdw iroXKov^ roov ^Vtofjba'uov 
KaraKoy^aine^, koX fivpcdai,^ recaapaKovra ttjp iirl 
rrjv 'IraXtai/ arparelav areiXdfievoi, apBrjv KareKih 
iTTjaav, — *HortoSo9 \iyet ori at IlpoiTov di/y ari" 
p€9, dh ircT^mOrjaap, ifjuiprfaav, cm tcl^ Atovvcrov 
' reKerci/i ov KareSixovTo, — ''Ore ol Oeol ra^ m'oKeis 
Bi€K\r)povvTO, iv aU cfieXKov e^eti/ rtfiai; lBui<i &a- 

'OTo?, Hoa-ecSwv rJKev iirl r^v ^Arrt/cfjv, xal Tralcra^ 
tJ Tpialvri, Kara fiiarjv ttjv oKpoTroXiv dviifyrjve 0dn 
Xarrav. — T6^api<: 6 ^fcvdr)^ iv 'A0rfvai<: reOafjif* 
fiivo^ fjv Kal iirl t§ arriKp avrov ^KvOri^ dv^p 
iveKeKoKairro^y rfj Xata /lev ro^ov e^wv hnerapA* 
vov^, ry Sc^ia Se* ^ipKiov, -^ 
*fl ^elv^f aryyeiXov^ AaKeSai/JLOvlot^, irri ryBe'' 
KcifJLeda, TOA? Kelvatv pi^p^aai '7r€i06fi€voL\ — 
*A7r€ai]fif)vdfir)v to? t£v /ea^ovpyeov ol/cla<;. — Tip 
avhpa TovS fj fii/3\iov BU(l)6op€v\ rj UpqSi/co^, ^ r&v 
diokea'X&v el? 76 T49. — '^AX^?*' d<f>inj^ fiot' wapa^ 
rerafjuu"^ yap rdXiirapd /cdTrrcDv. — *E9 OlBiirou 
Se TTolBe, StTTTiJ^ce) fcopG), "Ap?;? /caTi(r/e7)yfr I? re 
fiovofid'xpv irdXrj^i drf&va vvv iaraaiv^. — ^Etftay 
fjva^vofifiv^ 0€cifjb€vo<:, — Tov Aia Xeyovat fi^ fio* 
vov apSrjp i^ dpOpcoTroov d^aviaai, rov^ daefiel^ Kal 
irovripoi^, dXkd koX toI^ dpiaroi^ r&v re de&v Kal 

' fjpdcov ?Tt Se dpSpwv ra^ d^ia^ diropelfjuat rifid^* 

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( 94 ) 

XVIII. 

MIXED EXAMPLES 

Of the Keoulab Yebb in v. 

§ 97. At rod erov^ wpat Kara teaipbp rof; fie- 
rafioKajf; Xafifidpovciv. — Toy /lev Bo/ceiv^ aoc firj 
/leKero), t^? Se aKrjdeia^. — Oi iv iroKureXAo'i, /3p(a^ 
fuurt Kol iroTOL^ avaTpe^ofievoi vioi iv r^ 0ep€i ttji/ 
'^(Smvav^ Kararpi^ovaLV. — ©eoTi/t? 6 iroLrjrfj^ viro^ 

• 0riKa^, w 'Xpfi ^rjv, iv /lerpoc^ a-iwijyaryev. — Ta 
airovhaia fieKera Kal firj al<rxyvov, idv ti TraprjKfior 
ico)?* fiavOavp^* ^iXriov yap o>jrtfJLa07j KoKelaOav fj 

.dfiafffj. — Zdfio\^i9 Xeyet, ort, &<rrr€p 6<l>0aXfJU}v^ 
avev K€<f>a\r}^ ovBeU iinx'^ipel lacrBat ovSe K€<f>aXrjv 

. avev aw/JUiTO^, o&rct)? ovSk Set* cwfia avev '^v^^^* — ' 
Topyia^ ttjv rparftpiiav ehrev^ dirdrrjv, fjv^ i re dira- 
Tqaa<; hvKaiorepo^i' rov firj dirarriaavTosi^ Kal 6 
diraTqOeh <ro^ft)Te/)09* rov fi^ dirarrjOivrof;. — Ol 

. mpa'at awdyfravT€<i to? X^Jpa9 BirfkOov^^ aTrcKrctv 
rfjv ^Eperpiifav 'xjcipav, Iv e^otev" t(^ ^aaCKu e/- 

. iretv^^y iri ovSei? a^a^ aTTOTre^evyci)?^' €«;. — ^Aya^ 
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fi€vo^ frpoKaXvfJLfia^ KOfirj^ irn'oitia-aro fwppivr)<: ari^ 

. <l>avov, — *11 Trdrep, Uov^^ Brjr^ el kXv€1^ &*(» j(j9ovof^ ^ 
r€Kva)V KaXovjnoDV, ot ceOev^'' 6vr]<TK0v<r xnrep^^. — 

, nXaTCDi; ^AvTia0€vov<: iv rfj SiaTpifiy irore fiafcpo^ 
\oyi]aavTosi^, " ' A7i/0€?9," ehrev^y on rov \6yov fierpop 
iarlv ovx o XeryoDVy oXV 6 dKovtov^ — Ar)fioa0€vr)^ 

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THE, REGULAR 7ERB IN «. 95 

XotSopovfUpov*^ Twi? avT^f "Ou cvfKarafiaJvt^^ 
chrep, ** 6*9 arySvcL, iv ^ o iprdfievo^ tov Vixwvro^^ 
€<7T* KpeiTTdDv^ — SeoO" rb Bcipov toiJto* XPV** ^ 
oa av 0€ol SiS&rt**, ^€V^ew firfBip, eS riicvov^' irorL- 

§ 98. *Eai/ extofiep x/wJ/ao^*, S^ofiep ^iKov^. — 
M17 /ioi/oi/ To^ aficLpTCLvovTcv; teoXa^e, oXX^ 4cal 
TOV9 ;A€XXovTa9* /cwXve. — Mure* rots ieoXoKtuov^ 
TO? wairep rov<; i^airaroivTa^. — Ot/Sel? hfKoih' 
Ttjo-ep* Ta;^€a)9 Bucom^ Av. — Tifidrai ri yrjpa^ 
Bia TtjP a<i^if>po<TVin]v, aXKa Oavfiafya fiaXKov o'co- 
^povovcav v^imjiTa. — Ovk eari Touri /cdXKiov 
yipcif;, fj Trarpis arfaOov^ ire^Kivcu. — 'H/mucX^9 
¥tvpv<T0el r^ Mvfcrjvwv /3a<n\€i SwSexa enj eXa- 
Tpevcey icaX roit^ hnrerarffiivov^ idheKa ad\ov<; 
eTreriXea-ev, — '^EXXiyj/ cuj}* iavrov rois KcCKovfie^ 
vov^^ FpaiKoi^ irpoaehrev ''EWiyva?^ — OI?* ii 
ireXKoL /vol ZeivcL TriTrpatercu BiA rfjv fJLo^Otfplav, 
.fua-ovo'i' re koH ^mfyovcri r^ ^171; seal dvcupowrof 
€auTOi59. — *Op£v 6 XdDKpami^ rbv ^AXxifiiaSrjv 
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hrl Tff irepiovaUf zeal m TrXeov hrl roU arfpohy 
f(yarf€V* avrov €?9 TLva rfj^ iroKeto^ roirovy €v6a 
aveKeiTO* irwoKiov S^ov 7^9 irepioBov, xal TTpoa^ 
€Ta^e T^ ^KKkl^vc&q Trjp ^AmKrjv hnavff avor 
fi/reo/. €$9 S' ciJpe", Trpoaera^ev avr& roi>^ wypois 
T0U9 IBlov^ Bia0pf}<rcu. rod 8' ehrotrro^^^ " *AXX* oi5- 
SafJLov yeypafifiivoi^ eWiv^ " 'EttI tovtoi^^ oiv^ 
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euTiv'^ — A. Aotcetre^' injBap raBi/crJiiaT^^ eh Oeov<f 

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06 MIXED EXAMPLES. 

wrepota-L^^ /caTretr " iv Aio^ BeXrov TrrvxoX^ ypa- 
\f>eiv TLV^^ avra, Zrjva S\ ^laop&vra viv^ 0Pf)Toi9 
hiKa^ew ; oi5S' 6 wa? av*^ ovpavo^ A469 ypd^vTO<:^ 
Ta9 ^poTWv dfiapria^ i^apKi<r€i€v^\ ou^ i/eclvo^ 
dv^ (TKOTT&v irifiTreiv kicdarfp ^rjfiiav. aW' rj Aucrf 
ivravOd irov 'crrti/** cttu?, el /Soi/Xeo"^'" opdv.^ B, 
Tavra^ fiev dpOpanrovcrip, (3 yvvai, 0€ol TLa€i<: Sc" 
ioaaiv^y 0O9 du i')(daip<o(T , errel ov a<fiiv^ irovrjpop^ 

§ 99. ^va-iv irovripdv fiera/Sakelp ov pdBcov. 
— KaXcS^ oKoveiv^ fidWov rj irXouretv dike. — 
*ApKov Tofe a-eavTov*^ xal ijufj BidpTra^e rd rcov vXrf^ 
a-lop. — 'O ijfTuo^ iravra^^ ein^dXKcov to/; dxrlvwiy 
&<rjr€p o<f>da\fioU TroXXot? ^Xeirei diraaav yfjv xal 
'OdXarrav. — ^efivrjaOac* Bei /xi) fiovov rod Oavd- 
Tov T&v T€TeXevTi;/coTfi)i/, aXXd kcu t^9 dpevfjf;, ^9* 
•KartiKekoiTraaw, — *Op^€v<: ridaTrrcu wepl rffv 
Uiepiav, BuunraaOeU wo tcSv MatvaBcDv. — Ov- 
pav6<: T0U9 Ttyavra^y 0O9 i/c Trj<: ereKvcDae, &^a'a<; 
€9 Tdprapov eppiyjtev. — 'Apra^ip^^ tcaXA; 7^9 
7raTpiBo<; fiefiaatXevKe. — Teipealav rbv fidvrtv ol 
Oeol eTVif>XcoaaVy iri toi<: dvdpmrovij d /cpwrrecv 
rjdeXov, ififjvvev. — "HS^oi/ ovBhf oi&k fiovavKanrepoi/ 
i&T fj BvpcurOat XoiZopovfievov <f>epecv' 6 7iot,Bop£v 
ydp, dv^ 6 T^tBopov/ievo^ firj irpoawotrJToi^ XotBo^ 
peh-ai XoiBop&v. — *Ajn-tt)i/?i/09 eXeye' KijBeaOai 
irdvTCJV dvdpdirav' tcard rfjv toO dvOpdnrov <f>V{nv 
iariv. — T^9 dvo) oBov del e^ofieffa^ fcal BiKCuoavvriv 
fierd <j>pgvi]cre(o^ iravrX Tpoinp einTrjBevaofiePf iva 

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THE REGULAR VERB IN^ w, 97 

KoA fjfuv avToh xl>iKoL wfiep* icdX rok ffeot^. — 
"HxuTTa irral(r€t<: ev raZ^ Kpiaeaaf, iap avro9 hf 
T^ I3i^ airrauTTO^ StareX^^". — ^ABlkcI woXXaxi^ 
6 fifj TTOicov Tt, ov fjLOPov 6 TTomv^K — 'O dfuifyra^ 
vdiVy eavT^ dfLapTOpety o oBiKokf, eavrhv dBucet, 
iccucbp kavTov iroiwp, 

§ 100. Zei^ ravpfp euuura^ ktwrbv TSivprnniu 
TTJv *Ay^vopo^ XeycTO* dpirda-cu. — 'O ireiraiSevfie' 
1/09 Sfiraai ^17X0)709 teal iirufydovo^ iarVy rtfMOfMepo^ 
teal hraivovfievo^ koL vtto rmv yiveL seal irXoi^^ 
irpovxovTcov^ dfrofiXerrSfievo^. -— 'Rytfreov^ ehfat^ 
tfiv ioTopuw <l>vXaKa fihf 7^9 rw d^uiXjoytop dpe^ 
rfj^y fjbaprvpa hi t^9 t&v ^vKo^v Kaxla^j evepyirtv 
Bk wdvTfov T&v dvOpJmwv. — Ot TereXeirny/corev 
dinjXKa/yfUvoi* €ial voamv Kai Xtrmj^ kclI t&i/ oK* 
Xiov T&v irpoawvirTOVTiov efc t^ dv6pmnvov fiiav* 
— N&099 j(€ipwadfA€vo^ To^ efxfoplov^ T§9 Bfl&- 
fivKoovla^ TOVTOv^^ irafy TeKeiv icaT hfuwrhv c5p«- 
cphfov^ if>6pov^. — "OTav eihrop&v Tt9 al<r)(pd 
irpaTTy irpdr^pMray t/' toutov diroprjcravra wpd^eiv 
TTpoaBoKq^ ; — Mifivriao^ 7rkoxrr&v roi^ TrivrfTa^ 
ii<l>€\eiv. — "A/ww oTTSTTOVi', oi S* dirqpvovvTO c/cd- 
^9'. — Kdpa T€ fdp aov^ avyx€&^ KOfiai^; Ofiov* 
pav& re ireBoa iyKi<f>aKjov, ofi/jbdrav S^ Siro^^ air 
fiocTaryei^ irpfforifpe p€v<TavTM^ KdT<o. — • T/tra- 
cde^ TqvBe* KciL yap hn&fOev voael Ta t&v ywain. 
K&v^^ oi flip fj iralBoav iripi^^ rj avyyeveia^ oiveic 
ovK dwdiXeaav^ tca/c^v Xa/SSvre^^^' eha S* ovr® tot 
Sucov" TToWaZ? VTreppvffKe^ ical x^^pei irpoacD, &(rr 

7 

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98 MIXED EXAMPLES. 

i^irqko^ dperfj^^ Kodiarara^ ^ — HTlovtoV S anrop-^ 
pvhno^^ aaOevei^ ydfio$*\ 

§ 101. TlovTipci <f>v<ri,<:, furfoKrp; i^ovalav ^xov- 
ijra, fieyaXa/i anreprfafyrat, 7f ovrfpla^. — T^ St;<rrv- 
XOVVTb fifj hriTfiKa* Kotvrj yap tj Tvyri. — Fato? 
^IovKm^ ILouaap KareirdKip/riae ra irT^tara tcciX 
ft^xifjuirara r&v KeXrcSi^ Winiy ical Trpoefilfiaa-e 
rfjv i^ycfioviav rr}<: *P<»/lw79 /i^^P* '''^ 'BperrraviK&v 
VTicoiVs — '^OoTt? Se irphi rvpawov ifiiropeverai, ' 
/eelifov 'oTi} &>{)Xo9, k&p^ iX£u6€po^ fioXyK — 'AXX* ' 
ovfw^ del iroT/My; iv irvKv^ 0€ov Tpty^ff KVKKelrcu' 
#col fieraXKarrei <f>v<nv. Sxnrep aeKar^vrpi S* o^t? 
ev<f>p6va<: Bvo arrfvai^ Svvtur dv^ oxnroT- hf V^P^ 
/u^, oXX* ef o&yXoi;' irp^ov ipy^ai, via^ irpoawira 
icdKKivoxHTa icol irXffpovfievrj, j^wTai/Trep* avTrj<:^^ 
evyevetrrdrri ifkiv^^, iraKtv Biappei KaTrV* fifjSkv 
IpX^Tai. — *11 Tpi<T6\/3u)i Kelvoi /3poTcov, ot ravra 
BepxOivre^^ riXfi^^ tiohxoa^ €9 ""AtSoi;**- rolahe 
yap. fiovoi^ iK€i 571;" eari, T0J9 S' aXKoia-i irdin 
€K€i KaKd^\ — Ta fiev SiBa/crd fiavdavo), rd ^ €i5- 
perd ^T(3, rd S* eitcrd wapd de&v 'ffrqadfiriv^. — 
To iriveiv irph^i fiiav Xaov kokov irejnjKe'^ t^" 
Biyp^p /31a. — Av^wim yap roi ir&ma irpoa^kpwv 
o-o<f>d ovK dv ir\b>v ripy^ui^^ tj irmv^ 8*801^9**. — 
OvK l<rr dir^ Spymv fifj kcCK&v hrri kclKo. — T/ 
ravT eircuveU ; 7ra9 ydp olv(o0el^ dprjp i^TTcnf piv 
opyrj^^ €<rrt, rov hk i/oS" #cem* ^iKet^ Si itoWriv' 
yK&TTap iKj(ia^^ pdrrfp, aKtov oKOueiv^ 0D9 heo^ 
€lv€P^ Xiypv^. — "AXK" ov ydp^ dv^ rd deia' 

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THE REGULAR VERB 7iV o>. 99 

lepvrrrovTcov^ 6e&v fioBoi^^ av, ovS' el iravr^ iire^ 
€K0oi<:^ (TKOTT&v, — 'B7\A(t>apov /ci/c\rjTal^ 7*, cS? 
KairqXeiov Ovpat. -^ NOi/ S* et9 ai'atS^?" fjfi€pa<; 
lUpo^^ fipd'Xp S^^ /^* aeavTOv, tcara*^ top 'Koiwov 
"Xpopov KeKKriao^ m'avrwv evcre^earaTO^ jSpormv. — 
"Ottov yap oi <f>vaavTei^ rjaa&vTCU reicvwv*^^ ovk 
€<rrXv aX)Tq ato^povtov dvBp£v woXt9. 

§ 102. AaKparr)^ dvrjp QrjjSaio^, r^ rod ady- 
fJMTo^ pdfirf Smuf)6pa)v, ifiifulro rbv ^"RpaicKka Kara 
rdf; arpareUi^^ koI Xeovrrjv i^opet xal p&jrcCKov iv 
rak fid'^a(,<;. — ^ATU^avBpo^ KXelrov r^ ioparitp 
fiera^v Benrpovvra^ i^vevae, Siorv rci^ ^CKhnrov 
irpd^ei^ 7rpo9 Ta9 airov* iiraiveaai irSKfirja-evK — 
'Hpa/cXiJ? ekajSe^ irapd ^lEtpfiov fiev ^ufx^:, irap 
*A7r6Woi>vo<; Bk TO^a, irap 'KKJyaurrov OdpaKa j(pv- 
(Tovv, irap ^AOtjvu^ ireirXov, irapd Bl Jioa€iZ&vo<f 
EWoW poTTaXov B* aiJrd? h-efiev ix Ne/iea?. — 
M?) B6/c€t^ eimrx&v del KcCKm irpd^eip. — Addpa 
Bk p/qrpo^;^ kcli irarpo^* iropevoficu IlvOdBe, - xai 
fjb^ 6 ^di/So^ (Si/* /ih/ IxSfj/rjv^ drifiov^^ i^errefiyfrev, 
d\\a S* AffXui Kol Beivd seal Bvarqvd irpov^dvri^^ 
Xeyayv, m p/rfrpV^ fihf XP^^V^ f^ A^^X^^^ct*" yevo^ 
y arXrjTov dvOpanroKTV BriKdaovfi 6pav^\ <l>ov€v<; 8* 
i&olfjurjv^* rod <f>VT€va'avTO^ irarpo^, — Kal <Tifm 
BaKpxm. irpoapkhreiv yap ov <r0iva>' voovfievo^ rd 
yjoinrd Tov irifcpov fiiov, otov fit&vai^''^ a-^ irpi^^ 
dcvOpmrtov 'xpem. wold^ yap dar&v ij^er eh Ofiir' 
XUk; iroia^ K eoprd^^, evOev ov K€K7uiv/iivai^ 
TTph^ oltcov t^ea^*^ dvri rrj^ 0€<»pla^\ — *fl9 ravr 

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98 MIXED EXAMPLES. 

i^tTrjXo^ dperij^^ KaStararav* " — IlXovTot; S anrop-^ 
pi/evTO^^ dadevei^ ydfioi^. 

§ 101. Uovrfpci ^i5o-t9, fieyaKriv i^ovalav ejfpv 
ora, fieyoKa/i dm-efyya^erac 7f ovtfpia^, — T^ Svan/- 
XovvTi fifj hrvyiKa' Koivfj yap 17 Tvj(ff. — Faio<^ 
^lovTuo^ Kcuaap KareiroKep/qae ra irTsjeurra kcu 
pM'Xf'fit&rrara r&v 'K.eKr&v idvrfy ical Trpoe/St^aa-e 
T^v i^yefioviav rr}^ *FwfJurj<: P'^XP^ '^^ ^perrav^K&v 
VTiataVs — ''OoTt? S^ irphi rvpawov ipkiropevercu, ' 
Kdvov Wl^ SwXoTj Kav^ i\^$€po^ /ioX*?^ — *AXX' 
oi!/A09* ael TTo^fM)^ iv "rrvxvm deov rpo^oi fCvkX^tnu 
HoX /j^eraXKaTTCL tf^vaiv. &iTwep creX^wf"? S' o^jti^ 
ev<f>p6va^ Bvo trrrjpat^ hvvatT av^ oviroT iv pLop^f) 
p4aj aXX' i^ oStJXoi/' Trpwrov epj^erat via^ wp6<rmira 
KoXKyvovo-a Kai 'rrXijpavfiivi], -^wTavTrep* avrrj^^^ 
€vyev£<TTarTj 0^^^", irakiv Butppet xdirl^ pLTjSep 
ep')^erau — ''XI TpiaoX^totr miPot. ^poTt^Vt ot ravra 
Sep)(j9ivT€^^^ riKTj^* poKcuKr^^ e? ''AtSoi/"" toutBe 
yap^ fjLOVOi^ iicet Jjjj^^* €<rrh TOt? B' akXoia-it irovr 
ixel Kaxd^^. — Ta p,€v Bi^ofcrd p^a^/Odpo), rd -S' ctJ- 
perd fi^TcUj rd S' evfcrd TTo^pd Beaip i^Tfjo^dfi^v^^^ — 
To iriv€tv irpbfi ^iav ta-op kokov Tri^vtc^^ t^*' 
hi-yjrjjp fiia, — Af^frSpTtt yap TOi wdvra irpaa^^f 
^o(f>d QVK ap TrXiop Tip\^ta^^ ij irielv^ Ssi 

O* If » 1 »a* » 
vfc ctTT air €(r(^v 

ravT iwaivm\ 

opyf)^^^ |<rTij rov 

cJrev'^ Xoyovs, 




THE REGULAR VERB IN m. 99 

tcpVTTT&rnov*' deSv fidOov;* op, ovS* el irairr'* Ar«f 

KamiXelov 0vpai. — Nw S ek avatSe:'^ fjfUpat 

Xpovov KitcXfiao'^ ircarrm e&reffearaT^ fipvrwp. — 
"Ottov yap ol ^vacufre;^ ^ammu Tccvwy^, owe 

§ 102. AoKpamy: apffp Bti0msa^ ry ^ni ^4- 
A*aT09 pw/ip Sia4>€p<ov, ifupLcm tot *H/nmXm gmfri 
Ta9 irrpareuv;, tcai Xeairrrfp e^6p» mu piwaKop iw 
TOW A*«X^t9. — "AXi^opSpot KXehw ^ iopmri^ 
fiera^ henrpovvra^ afiovewrm, iym -r<W ^cKiwwp^ 
jfpaf et9 TT/w Ta9 avrou^ iwadmitam erSki^n^^. — 
'H/>aicX^9 eka^e^ irapa 'Epftmi /Mr fi^, m^' 
*A9ro\X»i/09 S^ Tofa, w-op* 'H^MMrrvr ^fti^CM g^.^ 
iroup, Trap 'AA^j/o? TrerXor, «i^i» U UiMK^i^fi^ 

!Woi;9* p&iraKov 8* otJrd? tr^uw i JC^M^it 

Ml) £o/ic6t' eimrx&v deL tceCKm ^^m — iU^i^ 
8^ MTpo^^ teal irarpo^^ irope6o§tm Hui^bi^rj, ^^^ 

otXXa 6' aOXia koX B€tva f(Ui ^. -r— . 




1^**^' -p^^ -TSm:^ 



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100 MIXED EXAMPLES. 

iwloTO)^ Bpw^ep", oi fiiKKovr eri. — IlTr}pa^ Sidh 
Kei^y c5 ritcvov, rcu: ikiriBa^^' ov/c rjrxyx^Ke^* rfj^ 
rvxf}9 S' ovx €h rpoTTO^*. — ^J&irel irhrpa4CTa4, wav 
t6 tov Oeov^ KoKdifi^ j((op6fi^ fjSff, TrcuSe^, €& ra 
r&f o'o<f>ch SSaa-KoKeia, fioxxriicrj^ iraiZeufiara. 
irpoa'\afil3dv€tv^ Bk Sei scoff ripMpav del, li»9 dv 
e^" fiavOdveuv jSeKrlopa. Trak 8' wp^ kokop fiep 
Spap^ Tt irpouc iTrioTarai, avro^ Trap" avrov paoH 
6dva>p dvev iropov rd *)(pr)<rTd S' oi58' fjp top Bc^ 
BdaxaXop Xd^rj^j ip^prj/j^evaep^, dXKa KhenjiraL 
fioki^. ravT ovp ^uXa^oo/teo'da, §cal pLoxOffreopf S 
ircuBe^, w^ dp p^rir^ aTrcuBevroDP Pporrwp^ BoK&pi^ 
elpai,^ KdiroBripLOVPTo^^ iraTp6<;, — ^O? p^rj ire^ 
iropde^ rdpA, p/f^ /SovKei^irto. — 4>/Xo)i/ Totovrcov*' 
ol p,ip iarepTjp^epot x/^ipova-tPj ol S* €%oj/t€9* eif* 
Xovrai <l>vyeZp^* — OvS' dp^^l Il^Xio)? ^\0€P^^ co9 

§ 103, Aoyop irap IxPpov^ p^Yiroff rfyrjari^ 
<l>iKop» — KdKXltop Tt)^ phf rip^atpuK; rj evepyeala, 
T^9 Bk dp^TrjTO^i rj irpo^; Toi^ hrraucoTa^ iinel/ceia. 
— Tovroip €P€/ca teal yeaypyovp^p koX TrXiop^p fcaX 
irdpra dm\&^ Kara top /Slop irpdrropsp, Xva exfop^ep 
XprjpMTa, i^ wp i^iarat^ ^p*. — ''AXe^t? 6 t&p 
Ktop^Bmp iroirjTrj^f hre^rf t^9 ainhp opra TrpecjSih 
TffP iaypd/cei, pLokc^ fioBl^oPTOy Kal rjpero, " Ti 
woick ;** e^*' " Kara GxoKrjP diroOprjaKO)^^ — • Oi 
ip ^AiZov^ Bi/caxrral tou? 7roprjpoif<; ek top t&p dae^ 
fio^p x^P^^ i^hrep^TTOP, /cuTa 7\j6yop ttj^ dBiKlw; ko* 
* Xaa-07)aop>ipov^, — Tdlo<: KaSa'ap ^appoKrjp pt/cq- 

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THE BEGULAR VERB ly «. 101 

9VK9 rip UovTuAi^ if ^^65»v> irpi^ roi^ ^tktw^ 
eypaire, '''HXftw, tlSop, ivifofira'r Merct Si r/jv 
hf Aifiiff 'S,tcffirlmP9^ ^vyr^ teal ijirav, Karmvo^ 
oMp au€kivTO^\ " ^opA aoi^ Karwv^^ elire, "toS 
0aiHMTOV^' irol" ffop oi) i^l rr}^ <r^ acmfpla^ 
iiftdivfia-a^.^ *AvTmfu>p ik kolL ^oXafiiKKav xeXev^ 
6tfT»v^ ivUov ^vKdrreedcu, ov rovrov^ 1^ SeSti- 
Piu^ rm^ /3avavo'ov^ Kol XiTrwpra^j aKXA rot)? 
iaxvoi^^ Koi tixP^ i/eelvov^* Sei^^ Bpovrop leal 
Kdcviov^. — KjaSaap 6 wpwo^ iinickrjOei^ 2e- 
fiturrd^ *A0rivoBcop<p r^ ^Xoai^tp hiA yffpa/9 €k 
oheov d(l)€drjv€U^ SeffOhm avP€j(<ipffa'€P^. ^Eirtl 
Si dcirao'dfievo^ airrhp 6 ^AOtivSSapo^ ehrep^, ^^'^Ortxp 
ipyurff^, KaUrapi fMiShf elwjiy;^ firfii voitja^ irpo' 
repcv fj T^ elicotn icaX rirreipa ypd/MfiaTa^ SteXtfeo/** 
7rpo9 lavTOF**,** iin\afi6fi€Po^^ avrou t§9 x^ipi^ 
'^''ElTt a-ov vap6pro^^ i^^ "XP^^^ ^^*** '^^^ 
KaTkxTypi^ aurhp i\op iviavriv^ ehroip^ SJrt ^crrl 
tcaX^ aiTfrjq okLpSupop yipa^. Sopvfiovpra^ Si roi^ 
€V afuifuiTV^ piov^ KarcurreiXai fiovX6fi€Po^j o»9 
ov wpoa-eixop^i oXX' iOopvfiovp, " ^Ajcovcrare^ ehre, 
" vioi yipoPTO^f oS peov yipopre^ rj/covopj* 

§ 104;. */Xow fiff raxp kt&\ oC? 8* ap ter^aij, 
fiil ra'xy diroSoKlfAa^e. — Aii^a-ai pun iralp^ 
0PTi,\ ipTipa rpinrop App^dTi^ to irp&rop ^tXaao- 
^IPy w xal auroq* avpoSoprropoiviP aoi^ rb diro 
TovSe* dpfdfiepo^, — Hdpv Ka\&^ \fyet, "EvpifrlSff^, 
8t* p^p Trapawiacu iripov^j fj aifrop* hf avf^JH)' 
pah KapreprjaoA. — Toi9 KoKok ^^p irpoaipovpA* 

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102 MIXED EXAMPLES. 

voi^ 6 ^ ABrflfri&i,* /3io^ fjudXujTa fjpfioa'fievo^ ^i'. — *- 
^aalv ^AjcraUova xnro r&v IBioov KwSnf Zeaairaadr^ 
vcu, ^Apri/itBo^ avTov fiera^aKov<rq<i' eh; eKa^v^ 

— Ei S' Srep irovtov So/cei^ ea-eadai, fi&po^ et^ 
0v7fTh>i 7670)9. — T^i' *HXeM»i/ 6 ^eiZltK *A^/x>- 
iiTqv iirolrja-e j(€Xciinfv^ irarovaav, ol/covpuK 
av/jfioXop Tofe yvvai^l xal cioDirrj^;. — Bc^o? 
Ti ileal* ToS* ia-Tlvy alveladat^^ \Lav. — Tt/uw- 
peiadcu koi rifuopelv Stamper Tifutypeia-Ocu /i^ 
yap iarl to KoXa^etVy Tt/uopeu/ Be, t6 fiorfOelv rok 

dBlKOVflivOt^, Kol OVPTaTTOVO'l}^ '*Tifia>p& T^ <f>{r 

X^,** dvrl Tov ^or)0od^*' " Tifjuopovfuu top i'xPpovy 
aim TOV koamQod \ — -n A^^ troiei to KpvTrrop, t^ 
jiopo^ irolei, — *f29 ovy^ virapymf^^, oiXKa t^mo^ 
povfievo^. — UpwfJbai, yap avrov tov <rr6fuiT0<; Tft> 
OTpoyyvKxfi^, TOi)? vov^ S dr/opaiov^ rfrrov ^ xeivo^ 
TTom. — To S' alfia \iXa(f>a^ Tovfwv^^ (3i/af " 8^ 
OTTOTO.' — Kal TTpo^ ye tovtol^ i^Kerov irpea^rp^ 
ivo. 

§ 105. "E\\i7i/€9 ome^ fiap^apot^ SovXevco/j.ep; 

— 'El/ fiev T0Z9 /caTOTTTpoi^ 6 t§9 3^eG)9, €i/ 8<J 
TaZ9 6fiiXiai<i 6 7^9 yjn^^rji; 'xapaicrrip pKenreraL. 

— Hvdaryopa^ iraprjyyeXKe Tot9 fiadrjTaZ<;, ev toZ? 
eirxaU a9rX<39 ev^eadat Tor^aBa, Kal /ir^ xaTcL fiepo^ 
ovofia^ecv avra' olop^^ i^ovcioiPy fcaKKo<;, ttXovtoPj 
TaWa Ta tovtoi^ Zfioia. — Kavauipol T0U9 fJ^ 
yeppa>fiipov^ idpi^povp, tot)9 Se TeKevr&PTOs; efioKo^ 
pifyp. — AatSa\o9 6 TeypLTTi^ i^ ^Adrfp&p irpo^ Mi' 
pa e^vye, Kojcel^ erexvricaTO ^vkipr}P ^QVP,KaX 

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TE3 REGULAR VERB IK io. 108 

T^ Aa^vpcvOop Kanreaiceuaaevj ^U ov kwt Sto^ 
^A07)va2ot Kopov^ eirrcL Kal Kopa^ to? Xaa^^ t^ M^- 
veoravptp fiopav^ hrefiirav. — ^Apl<m*jnro^ ipfOTtf^ 
Oeh VTTo Tivo^ tI avTov 6 vto? d/i€iv(ov iirtcu^ ira^ 
,S€v0€k, " Kol* €4 p/qiev aXKo,^* ehrep, " iv yovp r^ 
dearptp ov tcaOeSeirat^ X/^09 i'rrl XlOfpr Xwurrdp' 
T09' Ttyo9 avT^ vioVy yvqae TrevrCLKoa-la^ Spa)(/ia^' 
ToS S' ewroirro?*, " Tocroiirot;" Svpap,(u avSpdiroBov 

irpUiaOcu'^r ''^pUoV ^H'^'^^i^''^^^^' 'Ap. 
yvpiop etire irapd t&p yptaplp^p "kap^fiopetp, ovx 
&/'^ avrb^: XP^^"> ^^ ^^' ixeiPOL elBeiep^ eh 
rlpo^* Se2 ^(pTJa'dcu rot^ dpyvpiot^. *Op€iBi^6p,€p6^ 
TTore 2x4 hiK7)p exj^v ip.ixrdfho'aTO pi^ropa, " Kol*' 
7ap," e^, " Srai/ Sdirpop e;^©, pArfetpop p^iaOovpm^r 

— Toi/ Komvop ^vyoip ek rb *iryp ipkirecrep^. 

— AajSwp^ aTToSo?", ap6pGyrr€y Kol Xif^et^ 
^irdXiPi, — HXioDP TTork ^Apummro^j iwel to c/car' 
^09 eyw»" ireipartKOPy XajScJi/*^ t^ j(pv<Tlop yplOp^f 
ihrevra eh OaKaTrap w^^p^t) OiXoop^ irapaKarificCKe^ 
^cal B^0€P^ dptppxo^ep^. oi Se" /cat" hrevrreip^ ^xurip 
avTop, w ap>eiPOP^ ravra Si ^Aplarnnrop 17 Sta 
ravra ^Api<mwirop dm-oKeaOai^. — Tpdp^para pa- 
0€ip SeZ Kal pLoJdovra^ povp eyeip. — ^vifXjovp^ 
op&aip oi pM06pT€^ ypdpp^ira, — At? i^apapretp^ 
ravrbp^ ovk dpSp^ <ro<f>ov^. 

§ 106. 'Si7f)<rl'Xppo^ o TTOtiyn}? ip Kardprj irdr 
ifyrf^ voXvreXm ^rpi^ Tah hr aiJroO* %TriGi,yipp€*uw 
mkai^ Xeyopepav^. — Mep<f)opepov Tti/09 Ilavo-a- 
vUip TOP AaxeSaip^iop, ore larpop^ ripa kok&s 

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104 MIXED EXAMPLES. 

XlysA, veipav ovk ^x^^ avroVf ovSi dSixtjOek rt* 
iir' auTov* "Ei im^aOrjv^'' l<^, "ovroS, oife av 
ifyiv^r — "Aficurt^ 6 T&v AlrpnrrloDV ficuriXevq 
^/X.9 oTTofioKipTi vihv ypa<f>ci>v TrapafivOip-ycop 
ehrev* " Ea, &re ovBeiro^ ^i/', ovie ikwov, fjtf^Sk pup 
XuTTTfO^^, ire ov/eir^ l<mv\^ — %o<t)otckrj^ 6 rpa^ 
79>£o7r(M09 /lerct rrfv hf ^^cCSufup^ P^'X'iV, eri ircu^ 
wVf irepl ri rpinraiov yvfjbvh^ aKriKt^jLfjL/kvos!^ ^opev- 
cep. — 'O /*i) SapeU SvBpcmro^ ov ircuZevercu, — 
ILiva Sip€i^ B^ap/jUprfv\ — Apaaatm yap rot xol** 
TToOeiv^ o^tKeroA. — *ft9 S* iarX piOtav r&v Ai^Su- 
oTiK&v Xoyo^, vXfjyivT^ drpdier^ to^ik^ top 
airiv, ehretp^ tSopra^ MX^^^ frrepwfiaTO^y 
"ToS'** ovx vtt' a^hX»p, oXXii roh avr&p^ irrepoh, 

§ 107, Tleipariop dh pfora rcL rov filov ivarf' 
mm ^peip, — Xirevahnr^ nrapnikvdhni ra axiXf)^ 
Aioyivif^ i^arfOTfUP avrhv Trapppev rov fiiov' 6 fie* 
*' Ov Tot9 cxikeaip,^^ eifyq^ ** ^Sp>ep, aXXcL r^ p^^ — 
0/ T&p vcCKcuwp *£XX^i/a>i^ pofioi rf}^ r&p Oewp 
deparrrela^ irpovporfa'aPTO*' Upck yc^ icol )9a>/u>t)9 
iSfffiixnjpyffaup\ avoBrifuunp ixoo'fJLffa'ap, OvtrUu^j 
Traprjyvpeo'i, irpoaxfBoi^ erifjurfO'ap. — "AXA^ &XKo^ 
T* Twp 0€wp hrerrjhevaep^* "Upa fiep t&p y&fuop 
hreararu, "Aptf^ Bi fier ^AOrjp&i woTiAfjLov, ''H^cm- 
crT09 8k irvpo^y Hoaeii&v hk riyelro rok vXeowriP, 
SXKo^'' SKKo Ti r&p 0e&p i7rff(r/c^<raro, cro^la^ tk 
7raj/T69 fJLereixW' — K0/LM79 Se nrhOa^ \arf)(ap^ • 
TToiXov hliariv, ^i9 crvvapiraad^Ura fiov/eoXoDP vtto* 

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THE REGULAR VERB IN i^ 105 

fjLwSpai^ hf hnreiauTiv dypla j(€p\ Oepoq depioOQ^ 
l^avOw avyhwv &ra» aircurdeiaa^ S* h^ Xca/mSm 

xnro Kovpaii arlfAo^ SiareriXfUvfi^ ^^o^rfsi^. ^eir 
icav^ avoucripiinv ri9 oiter^ipeU^^ vtv TrTtiaaowrop 
al(r)(vpiU0%v ota^ fuUpenu irevdovaa icai kKaovaa 
Tfjp irdpoq^ <f)ofifiv. — *Airo\H^ /At t6 76^09* /lm) 
Xey*", el iJHkei: ifki^ Mrep, €^'" hcatrrtp t6 yhn^* 
ok av tQ ^(Tti ayaOiv virdpxo^ fUffShf oUetop 
vpoaov**, eKeiae^ Kareul>€vyov<nv, ek tA fjo^fuvra 
ical TO yeiKK, aptdfiowrlv t€ tov^ 'rramrou^ iaot^, 
avBhf 5* exowri wXeiov", ovS' ipek^ Zry* ovk euri 
vofmroi* WW 7^ irfivovT^ av wore; — Meyaffi^ 
(ibv iircuvwvTo^^ ircre ypatffaif eureKek xal dri- 
yyov^f iripa^ Si aptara i/eireTrovfifjUva/f huv^4rftnh' 
T09" ra ircuZapia ret rov Zev^iSo^ ra rffp fjurfkidSa 
Tpi/3cvTa Koreyika^. Ehrep^ odp 6 Zev^^, "''Ot- 
av fA€P a-uaiTf^*^, «S Meyifiv^e, davfid^ei <r« rd 
ircuZdpiM raxha* 6pa yap aov rfjp ia-drjra /eai r^ 
Bepaireictv^ rrfp wepl ere* irav ye firfp Te)(Pttecp n 
OiXy^ ehrelPy /eaTcuf>popeV* <rov". ifrikarre roltnw 
(reauTOPf el fiiXXei^ eircupeurOiu, Kpar&p rf}^ yXdr" 
Tr)<: KoX virip fMfjBepiii rap pflifikp aoi *irpo{n^K6proi>p 
^ikorre'XPmp^r 

§ 108. T0Z9 fyrfpa/^tp fiovKofiivoi/^ oi&hf 6^ 
Xo9^ icar<tPoeip 'Air^XXoS Kol Tlpanoyipov^ koI 'A>- 
rv^JXov ipyOj idp fit^ koX avrol ypaufteiv iTrijaeipSau 
— Upojjjfjffev^ rb rrvp tcXh^a^ irapd Oe&p ev pip- 
OrjK^ ixofjuae irpb^ apdpmro%)^. — KarA rbp hrl 

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106 MIXED examples: . 

'M.eacriviov^ iroKefjLov tj UvOla e^pW^ ''"W %irapr 
TULrai<; irap ^Kdrivaitov atrfja'ai arparriyov. — *A- 
fioKB^ui ri Alfiovlov Ovydrffp Kkpa<; eZ^e ravpoir 
TOVTO Se Svpafiiv elx^ rounmfv, &ne fipmrw ^ 
WOTOV, iirep ev^airo Tt9, irape^eiv a^dovov. — Vrj 
T€ Koi, Ovpavo^ ILpovfp eOetnTu^aav \&fovT€^p viro 
ircuS^ IBiov TTfv dp^v* avriv a^icupedi/iaeaOai,. -^ 
0€OAcp4ro9 ypa/ifuiToBtSaa'/edX^ <f>av\a>^ dvayi^da/C'' 
ovTi m-poaekOcov elve^ "Ata rl yetofierpew ov 
hiZa<TKm\" rov 8' elirovro^^ "''Ota* ovk oTBa^"* 
" Kol rl TOVT^;* elirev, "ovSe 70^ avarfirpfwrK^ 
€ti/V* — ^ApujToriXff^ Toif^ rd ivapyrj irpdyfia* 
ra ireipwfiivov^ Sei/cvvvcu^ Z/aowi/" €<fyrf irdiea/ roU 
Sid \vyyov rov rjkiov <f>(\orLfiovfUvoi9 Sei/awvcu. — 
XtIXttodv ipmvriOeU rl y^x^orepov^ di/Bpiavro^ ; 
""Av^/MOTTo?," ehreVf " dvcUadiiyro^r — E& av/nrS- 
OOP /M€V oiv irapaKkqdkm^ r^ irapovri,^ ')(p(ifi€0a, 
el Si Tt9 K€\€voc rbp inrohexpfievov i/dv^ avr^ 
wapariOevcu^ rj irXaKovvra^^ ototto^ av Bo^eiev^*' 
€v Sir^ Koafup alrovfJLet/ rov^ $€oi^ a fifj SiZoaat^, 
icaX ravra^ woXKoip ointav a ye rjiup hiZbaai, 

§ 109. "Epyov^ awtvyayetp atophv* iv itoWjA 
XP^^V ' ^ VH^P^^ ^^ Sia^prja-cu paZiov, — Oi j/o- 
fioOircu oi irpoaraTTovai to!? SiKoaraU, rov ere- 
pov* fihf dfcovecVf rhv Sk irepov ovk idv Xeyeiv inrip 
'iavTOVy aXX* ofiolw^ dfi^iv oKpodaOcUy co? p^v 
dme^erd^ovTe^ rov^ X070V9 evplaKoiev raKrjOr} t€ 
fccu y^evS^. — ^Aprafip^^ 6 ^Qx"^ "^^^ inrorerarf' 
ip^oi^ wfiw^ kclL fivaUo^ irpoa^^epero* — 'Ei/ t§ 

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TH^ REGULAR VERB' IN ok 107* 

ctt) ]SttXa/ui/t vavfUL'xltf Bie^Oaffja-av vrje^ r&v /leu 
^EXXi/i/a)!/ rea-aapdjcovra, r&v Bk Ilepacip inrip ra^ 
Suucoala^. — Havaavia^y iirapdeW ry ^invxl^y 
rfjv Tcov MiJSfi)!/ rpv^if ifiifii^aaro. — AcJ &<r7rep 
Seiptjva^ ra/i ^7801/09 irapekffelv* top awevBovra rrjv 
aperrjv IZelv' Sxrircp irarpiSa^ — 'EvptwiBr}^ evSo- 
Kifurj<r€V iv Oearpfp ehrdv^y^^^Ti 8' al<rxp6v^\ fjv /ai) 

aifT&f "*il FtvpiirlBrf^" etfyrf^ ^^at<r)(p6v to y altrypov^*^ 

Kov^ 8c/c^ K&V IJbfj ioK^^ — ^Avfjp hlKoio^ ioTiv ovx 

6 firj dSiKcov aXX'*' 8ot49 dBiKelv Swdfievo^^^ /irj 

. fiovXercu, ou8'** 09 tA fitKpd \afil3dveiv diriax^o^, 

oXX*^ 09 rd fieyoKa xaprepeJ /irj \a/Jbfidvf»v, eyeof 

Si;j/a/A€V09" KaX teparetv d^rffA^ea^' 01)8'" ^9 ye ravra 

. irdvra Starrjpei fi6vov, dXX' o<rrt9 dSci\ov yvrjaicuf 

. T ^x^^ <f>vo'i'V, elvac Sucokx; kov^ Soicelv elvat diKet. 

— OvK eoTtv^ ehreiv fcSinra", " Tavr^ ov ireUror- 

fuu^r — *A7r(»\e<ra9'' rov olvovi iirix^a^^ vSoop, — 

IloXXa in^v" xal irokXd ffxvyd^v^ xal woXKd kok 

eiircop 

dvOpdmov^^ KeifJMb^ TifiOKpioyv 'Po8t09. 

§ 110. Nri/09 6 T&v ^AaavpUav I3aac\ev^, &v 
if>v(r€i} iroXefii/coi kcu ^rjXjcoT^f: dperf}^, KoOcmKiare 
r&v vemp rov^ Kparurrov^, yvfivacra^ 8' airroi^ irXei- 
ova ypovoVy aw^Oei^ errolrfae KaKOiraOeia icaX TroXe- 
IMKol^ KivSvvoi^, — Td li&fLOTa T&v *irpa^fidra)v ix 
troviov if>iXel* KaTOpBovaScu' KaropOcodivTa Sk ek 
rfjp riZovfjV ^€p€k — Xprjariov^ hf r^ Xe^ei Tofe 
d7rXot9 ovofiaav fiSKKov ^ T0t9 avvOeroi,^, koI to J9 

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108 MIXED EXAMPLES. 

Ppayvripoi^ fiaXXov tj roU fiaKporipoi^, irap ro 
avT6 atjfialvrj. — 'Upa/cXq^ inl rod Kjav/ccurov 
/carerof evoie rov t6 tov UpofjuqOew^ fprap €<rdiovra 
derov, /cal top Ilpo/j/ij0i<t SU\v<r€P. — "Oaipi^ 6 
rrj^ AlryvTrrov /SaaiXev^ Xiyera^ crrpaTevaui cttI 
iraaav xoflpai/ ©a>9 cfc Toi>^ aovicfjTov^ tottov? t&v 
*IvSoov, teal €w Tov^ itph^ Apxrov KeKkipivov^^, leal 
p^XP'' ''"^^ '''^^ "Icrrpov iroTOfiov Tnjywv, /cal iroKiu 
iirl raXKa p>ip7j^ &>? *ilK€avov. — Tewoovri^ re fcal 
i/crpi(l>ovT€9 iraiBa^, KoSavep \ap,iraBa rov fiiov 
vapaSiSopsv^ oKKotf; i^ AXKav. — 6a\^ ry p,f^ 
rpl ywauca Xafieiv^ Seo/Jbhnf, " Outto) /caipo^^^^ eXe- 
yep' elra irpofid^^^ " Ov/circ /ea^p6^\^* — 4>a))^(ra9 
TTork 6 ^toyhffj^f "'lei, AvOpwroL^ aweKJdovrtov^^ 
Kodueero^^ rfj fiaxTT^ploj elirwp^' ^^^Avdpdmov^ i- 
KJikKecay ov /ca0appMTa,**—*M.aKpd rivo^ avarfirpfdaK" 
oin-09", ical irpo^ r^ r^i rov fii/SXiov aypdr- 
^p rL Trapaie(^avro^^\ ** Sappetre, avSpc^,'* e^. 6 
Auyyiprj^;' " yrjp 6p&,'* — - TioWaKi^ 6 Kparrj^ ixei* 
vo^^ 6 iraXcub^ SXeyep, iri, etircp apa Svvarop rjp^ 
dpa^a^^^ ap hrl rh psrecopirarop rrj^ iroKeco^ dv 
ixpayep^'^' "*fl apOpamoi, irol ^ipeaOe, olripe^ XPV' 
/jidraop fiep tcrqaefo^ iripi^ iraaap iroielaOe ottov^ 
Bi^p, r&p S* vUa>p^, oh ravra KaraXetylrere, p>ifcpd 
^popri^ere;^ — ^AOfjpalwp Sk jSovXofiipiOP Oeap yuo- 
voimytop Kara^m^ca^rOac^, irpoe7\J0dop eh avroi^ 6 
ArjfjLcopa^, " Mrj irp6repop/^ e^, " ravra, w ^Adtf^ 
vaioi, yjrr)(l>i<nf<T0e, ap*^ fifj rov 'EXeov rhp jSw/iop 
KadiXrjre^** — " 'EttI aavr& rffp ireXijprfp KaOatp- 
eh^. — 'O *A\€fai/Spo9 ^layhei eh TJrfov^ iXOdp^, 

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THE REGULAR VERB IK «. 109 

ot^e» icare/rXarfff^ riuf fiiov^ scdi ro a(i(0fia rot) 
a^pa^, ware iroXXaici^ avrov nvtifioweiwv^ \iyeiv 
** Ei /Ai) *AX€^2/>09 ffv, ^loyhn^ iv ^v*. ** — *Ep 
Xjtupei9vei^ roi^ ^Affffvaiov^ fjLeyaXff visqg ivUrfae <S>^ 
Ximro^' iwapOel^^ Si ry €virpay(^ 2/md9 Xo^urfiw 
ixpoTTjae Koi ovx vfipure, koX Bui tovto ^ero Beuf 
auTOP {nrofUfjanjcMeaOcu yvo rtt"09 tcSp iraiZwv U^ 
0€v, irn, avOpenri^ iariVf ical vpoaera^ r^ ira^l 
TOVTO exi^w ep^ov. Kol oi irpirepov, ^aalv^t ourt 
airro^ irpat^eiv'^, ovt€ r^ t£v heophffav axrrov ircLp 
avTov eta^iv, wplv auT^ top iraSSa iKJSofjacu Tpii* 

§ 111. *H 'inapTuiTiv 7roXi9 iidkicTa Ta 7ra» 
Tuuci BUaa>^€P. — O/ ^Adrp^aioi AiffMcdhnip tw 
pffTopa airh toO ivoiuno^ iv€Kf»fUal^ov\ Xeyoirre^ 
elwu avTov adevo^ tov hrnu^v. — - 'KXeivUv: o ^t^- 
da/^op^io^i el irore awificuve x^oCKerraLvetv ovtov Bi 
opyi]v, dpaXapficuwv r^ Xupav iiciOapi^ vp^ Bi 
Toi^ ipmnia-avTO^ t^i/ ahlaif SXaye' " JlpavpofuuT 
" — ^Apaatcq^ i TAfjBo^ tcaX o Zmro^ outov fnf ifkii^ 
•yg dfi^)6T€poi Biejrdprj<rap* virh Spfxoq tm/09 freX- 
TcuTTOv iv Ty iirl t^ *Apdfy A^X27* — Zev^i^ 
6 ^UpoKKjednri^ eypayp^* Trjv ^EtXhnjv. 'iiiK6fia')(p<: 
oSp o ^fir/pa^o^ i^eirXSfij^ rqp eUopOf icaX Oav/JM- 
^cop^ TO ypdfAfia BffKo^ ^p. "H/aero* ovp Tt? avTcw 
'irpoc€\0wp''j tI Bfj TToBiip^ oxnm Oavfid^oi ttjp re- 
ypfip ; o Si*, " OvK OP yue, rjpov^^ elirep, " el tov<: 
ifju)i^ 6(f>0aKfiov^ iKexTtiao^.^* 'EyciJ 8' ap <l>airjp^^ 
TOVTO Kcu^* cttI" t£p 7i6y<0P, oXX'" el t49 exot ire- 

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110 MIXED EXAMPLES. 

TTOdZevfiiva cSra, wawep Kal ol yeipovfrfol rexytKa 
o/ifuvra^. — ^EnrlffTafiai, Sk koI irenrelpa/juu Xiav 
cfc T&v expVTCDv^ 7rdvT€^ avOptoTTOi il>CKov". — * j 
'E-Trel 8* axoveiv <roO** KaTeoTpafAfuu^ rdSe, elfj,'^ \ 
eh SSfjuop fieKoBpa^ irop^ipa<: ir<vt&v. — ''H p»iiv 
k\€o^ a-ov fiavTiKov ireirva-p^vot^ vcrfiev^^ irpoifn^ 
TO? 8* avTivwi fuurrevop^if, — TA Xoiirci S* £$Xc0p 
GOV hiZa')(6riT(o nrapa^. — • Zev? 7ap ipApov fiikei 
TT/w** o-ov redaXirTcu* — ^FitrUrra/uu Sk iravd*, 
oa^ €vy€vrj^ XP^dv, airyau 0'*' irtrov hel k(U Xeyeiv 
&7" ao'^X€9, opav ff" & Bel fie, Kovyj^ opav & firj 
ypemv^ ycurrp^ xparetp Si' kcu^ yap ev Kaxolaw^ 
cSi/** eKevOipoiaiv ep^ireiralZevfuu rp&irov^* — T* 8', 
cS irovrjp^, ioTfj/ea^*^ ev irvKiu^ ert, oXX* ov fiaBi- 
f€t9 ; Tot9 8^ yewaloi^'^ iraKcu hi^<nrapaKT<u^ 0ep^ 
fjbcL yrjvia-Kwv fieKri^ hteppa')(UTrcu^ aefiva^ BeX(l>d~ ' 
tCiu>v Kpia, KaTrjkwjiTcu^ ycurrpi^^ ep pAatp /«;#cXo9**, 
KartfalfiCiyrcu*^ iravra rcuepo/cdXia^f vePcyyaKurrai^ 
cefivof; dXKavTo^ rofio^, irapevrirpfaKTcu^ revffi^ 
e^foimjfihnf^, wapeyKitccnrral^ r apvC ewe ^ BeKa, 
&rr , el rt fiovXet r&v XeKeififieiHov*^ ^xv^elv^^ e- 
TteiTfy eirei/ye'^, /lw} iroff'^y c59 \vko^ ^awoi^", xaV^ 
TftJvS"* dfiapToiv^ icrrepov av^yop tpaiirfi^. 

§ 112. *0* Tfjv aploTtfiv rvxo^ ^€iv olofiepo^ 
dvK oi&ev, et roimm) Suifievei P'ixP^ ''''^^ etnrepa^, — 
Ar re Tov Srov^ &pai, Kara Kcupbp ra9 fiertifioXcvf 
TiMfifiavovaeUj koX oi Sfifipoi koX Kapirol icaff &pav 
yvypofievoij icai rd fieptf-Se* r&v wp&v m KoKKurra* 
B^fnavpyvra^ VTTO rrj^ ^va-em^ 7rp^ ZuifJLOvriv ksA 

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TEE REGULAR VERB IN la. lir 
tnarrjpiav r£v* iv r^ Ko&fup, — OvS** ol leefcrrffU" 

iOikova-iv^ dXX del rov irXiovo^ ipeyofievoi *ir€pi 
r&v vTrapxovrtov KivSwevovo-iv. — ^O? av dirore- 
XeaO^ 7rpo9 dpen^v, oiro^ oihe opy^ ovre ^fi^ oSr 
irriffvfiiaif; av SovXeva-eiep^. — *fl fjMKapi*, arvx^lv 
OvrjTo^ wv iir(<rrcuro\ iv^ auro" rdvarfKaia^ Bwr^ 
n^xS^ A^oi/y w\ela> 8k Sid rfjv dfiaOiav /lii) itpoc^ 
Xafirfs,^. — A. Hoaoi rh irXSjOo^^* etciv oi /ceKkrf^ 
lihfob^ ek To^ ydfiov^^y /SiXrurre, teal Trorcp*" *At- 
Tucol a7ravT€^ rj xdx rovfiiroptov^^ Tivi^ ; B, T/ Sal 
TOVT " eoTi irpo^^ ak top fidy€ipov ; A. T^9 Te^yrj^ 
fpf€fiovla^ tU ioTi TovTiT^, c5 irdrep, r6 r&v iBo^' 
lliviov^ rd oTOfiara irpoeiBivai^, — Outtcwtot* tj(0v^ 
olBa TCfiuaripov^ *8o5i/**. UoaeiSov, el ZeKaTqv 
ikdfifiave^ avrcBy* diro rrj^ rifif}^ iKocm)^ rjiiipasi'^y 
TToXv T&v d€&if ap ffcffa^ irXjOvtridraro^. ofjuo^ Sk 
TovroDV^ el fie TrpoayeXda-eU Tt9, iBiBouv^ arepd^a^ 
Siroo-ov atnjaeU fie y6yypov fiiv, Sxrirep o Uplafw^ 
'fcv "'EicTopa*, laov etkfcvaev, roaovro tcaraffeU*^ 
eirpidfjurjv'^. — Avroi^ dvgpriKoai^ hid \v7njv rivh. 

§ 113. T&v 'EXXjJi;®!/ irdvTtov iunrpeapevaor 
fikvwv^ irpb^ TeKoava irepl avfifiaxia^i ore Bip^^; 
iUfiawe trpi^ rrjv Evpmniv, o5to9* iirrfyyeiXaTo* 
avfifiayfjaai, koX airapicfjaa^, el ye rr^ rjyefiovlav 
etre Trjv icard yrjv elre rffv Kara OaKarrav avr^ 
itape^iev. — Merd rffv Alyiay; reXevr^v Qfjceif^ 
Siaie^dfievo^* rrfv *A0rjvauov ^aaCKeiav, ^px^ rov 
ifk/jOcv^ vofilfi^f teal iroWd evrfpyirfice .rtjV: ira^ 

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112 MIXED EXAMPLES. 

TplSa. — Aioyhnj^ Oeaaafiev&i wore waiSiop toJ? 
p^e/xrl TTivov i^eppv^^e^ t^9 irrjpa^ rfjv KOTvXrjv el* 
irdv '*Ilai8iov fie vevucqK&f evreXela.^ — AotSopov- 
fi€vo<: 6 Aioyivrj^ xnro tipo<: ^xCKoucpov^ S<lni' " Xi 
fihf wx vl3pl^(o, ra<i Se Tpt%a9 aov iiratvA, Srt 
KOKOP i^e^vyov^ Kpavlop,^* — Ov yap paZilja> wp6^ 
repovy av /irj hoKipAaay', rk iad'^ 6 0vo>v\ 17 iridev 
crwurTarai^^ rb Setirvov, ^ KetcKriiceif^^ avOpdyirov^ 
Tlvofin eoTLv S' amravTiov r&v yev&v fioc Scarf pa^^ 
ek 'rrota fuurdovv t) <l>vkaTTea6(U fie 8e?"* olov rb^ 
Kara rovfLiropiov^^ el l3ov\et,, 70/09* vamXrjpcx: anro* 
6vei> Tt9 evyj]Vy anro^oKoop^ t6v uttov, ^ wqhaKuL 
avprpiy^a^ vem^ fj ^opri*^ e^eppi'^^ iirepa^nXo^ 
yev6fievo<;^^, cufyrJKa^ top tolovtop' ovSep TJ8ea>^ iroiet 
yap 0VT09, dXX^ oavp pSfiov xapti/*** ofiov 8k ral^ 
owopBalo'L^ BuiXoyl^eTa^^f T0t9 avfJVTrXeova-ip oiro* 
GOP hn^cCkeV^ fiepo^y nOel^^, rd ff avTOv airXay" 
yp^ Ikooto^ eadUu aX)C irepo'i e^KnreirXevKep^ 
€#c "Rv^aPTiov rpiToio^, diraOrj^, einropriK&y;, itepi^ 
X^P'^^ €49 " 8iK €7rl ry fwq, yeyapevai^ koX BoiSexan 

— Atoyetnf^ rfpero^ UXaTfOPa el vofiov^ ypcupec 6 
Bk €<lyr)^. "T/ Bal\ iroXiTelap eypa^^asf* "Haw; 
fjuep ovp^ " Tl ovp, y iroXurela pofioi^ ovk et)(ep ;** 
" "Eilx^P^^ " T/ OVP eBev ae irakiP pofioi^ ypa^eipf* 

— Ilapa)!/" Bi TA9 'A7roX\6Sci)po9, iircOvfirfr^^: fikp 
la^ypck avTOV^, aWa>9 8' €vi]0rj<:, elirep, "'AXXa 
TOVTO eyoK/e, cS XoixpaTe^, xpCKeirdnaTa ^epo) 2ta 
0/0(3 ae dBUo)^ dfrodpTqaKOvrar 6 Bk xara^jrija'a^ 
avTOv Trj[p Ke^oKrjp elirep " S^ Bi, c5 ^/Xrare AttoX- 
XoBtope, fidWop OP i^ovXov^ fie opap BiKalo)^ ^ 

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THE REGULAR VERB IN ^ 113 

§ 114. *f2i/ Ta9 S6^a<;^ ^r/koU, rovrtav fiifiov 
KoX raf; irpa^u<;, — Ot inreprj^dvo)^ toZ? evrvxicu^ 
'Xpcofia/ot BiKaid)^ fjua-ovvrai. — KaXcS? r^v <l>iXo^ 
a'o<f>iap hnjviaaTG xaX rrjv otto ravnj^* ikevffepiap. 
— ^AXi^apSpo^ fiera Tqv iv ^Apfi^Xoi^ M«X^^ ^<*- 
pelop KadrjprjKm* VPX^ liepcwp. — Stfaev^: Tqp ^Apir 
dSprjp €P Nof ^ /rareXxTre Kal i^eirXevac, Atopvao^ 
Be aurrjp aTnjyaryep, — XapBapairaXKo^ 6 €<rxcpro^ 
^Aaavpifop PaaCKev^; xnreprjpep airapra^ roif^ 7rp6 
avTov* rpvif)^ kcu paOvfila* — A, Nofiifiop rovr 
€<m, iSiXTioT*, ipdaSe KopipOioiatP, ap^ tip o^ro>- 
povPT ael XafjLirpm . 6p£fJL€P, tovtop dpaKplp€ip\ 
irodcp i^, kclL rl iroicop^ kgp^ /jlcp oialap €)(rjf ^9 
al irpoaohoi, Xvovau TapoCKu)[iaTa^f iop* airoXaueiP 

TOVTOP TJOf) TOV piOV * €aP O VTTCp TtJP OVaUU^ 

Bairap&p ti5^", airelirop^ aur^ tovto firj^ iroieip 
€Ti, 09 dp Be p^rj Tr/ft/T " eirepaXop^ fy)p.iap' iop 
Be p/rjB* OTiovp^^ €X(op ?^" iroXtrreXoo^f t^ Bf}p,l<p 
irapeSco/cav^^ ovtop, B. 'HpaicXet?! A. Oi)/c ip- 
Bi^eraL yap ^rjp dpev kokov^^ tipo^ tovtop* am^irf^^; 
dXX^ dparfKauo<i ex^i^ V y^jcoiroBvrecp^ Ta^ pvKTa^^, 
^ TO^xjoiypvx^iP, fj Twp iroLOVPTcap^* TavTa KOipcopelp 
Turtp, rj crvfco(f>apTeip Kar dyopdp, ^ pupTvpelp 
yjrevBrj. to tolovtov iKKadaipop^ev y€PO<;. B. '0/»- 
0co<; ye, prj Ai^' dXKd Brj tl tovt ep^oi^; A, 'OpcS- 
p>€P dy^copovpff €Kd<m)<; rip^epa^ ov^), perpm^^ fieK* 
TAOTC, cr'*' aXX' V7repr)if>dp(o^, ovk eoTip IxOvrjph^ 

8 

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114 MIXED EXAMPLES. 

irrrh avv /AeraXaffeiv^' awfjj(a^^ rujb&v^ eh to. 
\a')(ava*^ rrjv iroKiv' irepX r&v aekivcov yLayoyLieff ^ 
&<nrep 'I(t5/aiW. \arfm Tt9 elueKrjXvff^' €u6v<: 
ripnraKa/i^' iripStKa 8' ^ /clx^riv ye vfj AC^ ovk 
iri eoTiv hC VfJkSs ovSe ireropAvfiv IBetv^* top fei/t- 
Kov olvov T eirirerifJurjKa^ iroKv, — AoKcuva rt^ 
irphf; rov vlov Xeyorra, fitxpov e)(ei,v^ to ^ufx)^, 
elwe", " Kal jBfifia wpoade^r 

§ 115. Kpetrrov ioTWf ev reOpafi/JLevfjv^ yv^ 
pohea Xa/ijSai/eiv atrpoucop 7J Kotcfjp fiera XPVf^ 
rmp, — ^vxo^ adfuiTo^ aparfKaunepop Idadeu*. — 
Ta m-opTfpa T&p idwp ap^ercu, fiep diro /ufcpcop, dfjie- 
XTjOipra 8k ia-'xyp p*el^fo "Kafi/Savec. — 'O ip rp 
T^prjTp Xa/Svpipdo^, T€^(Pf}fui AaiBdXov, rjp olicqfia 
teafiircu^ iro\\rrfKjOKOi^ irXcump Ttjp S^oBop, — 'Ep- 
^^9 pdl3B^ OaufJUKrlif rrjp Bvpajnip^ h^vj(jivy<iy€t koX 
Karrjye rov^ peKpov^, — Kpola^ r^ AvSoop fiaaiXei 
6 ip A€X<f)oh ^€09 expV<^€9 BupaTWTarov^ elvcu twp 
^EXX^pcop rod? AcuceSaifWplov^. — 'Opeo-riy? fjLerd 
rffP dvaipeaip Air/ia6ov icaX KXi/Taifipi]aTpa(; Suo- 
KOfiepo^ inro r&p *EpLPva>p, €<f>vy€ irphu; ^A6^pa% 
kclI i/cpidfj ip ^Apeup irdytp' Xatop hk yepofieptop 
T&p '^rj^fop* aTreXvOr), — Fopydy JSaatXeco^ KXeo- 
pApov^ Ovydrrjp, * Apurrarfopov tov MtXrjalov iron 
pcucaXovpTo^* avTOP eirl rhp irpi^ fiaaiXea^ woXe- 
fiop tnrep ^Idptop^ seal xnruT')(Povp.epov j^pffpArcop 
irXfjdo^, ical oao^ dpriXeye, irXeiopa wpoaTidhno^^* 
^^Kara^Oepel ae^ €(^, "c5 Trdrep^ to ^epiXXiop^ 
idp p,rj rd^f^P avrop t^9 oUla^ ixlSaX-p^V* IXpoo*- 

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THE REGULAR VERB IN oi. 115 

TaJ««rro9* he avry rev irarpi^ Sovpai^ rivi airov 
eh fiurffov X0701/", koI wpo<m0ivTo<:*' "'ES^Sofc 
yap fie ria/ ohov y^arip iromv^^ "Ovicow, c5 

kclL ol irivome; Opwrruecirepoi, Kdl yelpove^ eaov 
rai^r Tof/ 8' *ApujTarf6pav inro rivo^ r&v oltcc' 
Tcop viroBovfievov^^ 0€a<rafiepff' **TlaT€p^ €<t>fjf "6 
^€vo^ X€ipw: ovM e^et.** — ^AirpoaBo/crfTov ovBev 
dvOpdnrot^ kokov iifyrjfiipov^ yap rai rvytv; KeKTrifie-' 
6a^» — ^v^ov TOP olvov, AwpL 

§ 116. Tow ioTparevfiivtav^ fiera Kvpov xal 
Siaa-aydivTfov ek rrjv 'EXXdBa 'EXK^vtov rufk^ fuhf 
ek Ta9 ISiiK irarplBa^ omTJXXayrjaav^ ol Be TrXeJ- 
oTot, oTparmriKov etOuriievoi* l^fjp filov koX a^e* 
Bop 6pt€^ irepraKco^tKioi, orparrjydp aurcip etXjop^ 
TO* Bevo^QOPTOf Koi hroXefAovp Qpq^l to?? jrepl 
Tifp XaXfjivBrjao-op olKOvaip, — 'H^Z?* Bi x^P^^ 
r&p aparfKalfOP kokwp avrol irap a\n&p^ frepa 
irpoawopl^ofiep* Xvirevfjueff, av^ iTTopr)^ Tt9* av eU 
TTTj Kafcm, opyi^ofieff' ap JSj;* Tt9 iptrrrpioPf a'<f>6Bpa 
^/3ovfjL€0** ap yXav^ dpaKpcpyrj, BeBoUafiep^^. — 
^AXi^apBpo^ Bt,aBr)fiaTV ttjp K€<l>a\^p BteBiBero, xal 
irpoaKVPelaOai, v^iov. — ''Eyxjeop^ av Brj ^irietp^' 
ev^ayporepop ye pfj At'", cS Trat, 809* rh yap vBa- 
/)e9 airap toijt €<ni t§ '^vy^ /caxop, — ''ilifirjp^* 
eyc4 Tov^ Ix^voTrdXa^ to Trporepop elpat iroprfpoi^ 
Toif^ *A6iiprfaip^ fiopov^* ToBe B\ a>9 €OiKe^\ t6 yi- 
vo^ &<nrep Oriplop eiri^ovKop eart t§ ifyva-et koI 
TraPTaxov. hnavda yovp" eartp Tt9 inreprffcopTtr' 

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116 MIXED EXAMPLES. 

Km^y KOfirjv Tpi^oDP fiku irp&rrov^ Upav^ rov 0€OVy 
cJ? ^Tjo-iv^' ov Swx rovTo 8*" aXX iartyfjbivo^'^ irpo 
rov fierooTTov irapaireToafji^ avr^v e^€t. ovto^ 
airoKpiver , air* epoyTrjaij^ irocov o \appa^, 
"Ae/c' o^oXSiv^^^ ov')(l irpocOeU^ oTroSawcov^. e- 
ireir eav rapyvpiov^^ avr^ Kora^aKri^^t iirpa^ar^ 
AiTfivalov' av^ S' airrbv Birj xipfJuiT aTroSovvac^, 
irpoaairihtoKev^ 'Arrt/ca* Kar afK^irepa^ Be Tqp 
diraWaryrjp" e^et. — *^Hi/ ovS' 6 irarrjp e^tK'qaev 
ovBeirdyrroTe, irap ^9 rov apTOV tj kvcov ov Xafi^a^ 
V€L, fieXaiva S* ovtox; ware xal irouelv (tkoto^^. — 
EZ fifj TO Xa^Serj/'* rjv, ovS* av el? irovrjpo^ fjv^^ 
<f>tXapyvpia tovt ecrrtV, 'irap a^ek*^ a-Koiretv ra 
SUaia rov Kip8ov<: Sia iraprb^ SovXo^ ^9. — T6 
fi€V a(f)ar/rjvcu*^ Beipov, evKkeiav S' e;^ef to /it) 6a- 
velv^ Be BetXov, i^Bovrj S' epL**. — Ilei^To? dvBpo^ 
ovBep evTv^earepov' r^v errl to %€tpoi/ fi€Ta/3o\rjt/ 
ov irpoaBoKa, 

§ 117. 0/ eV <f>L\o(TO^La irpoKosfravre^; dvrl fih/ 
BovXxop iXevOepoi, dprl Be Trepr/rcop (W9 aXiy^w* 
ir\ov(TLoc, dprl Be dporirtop re xaiX rerv^co/Jbepoyp 71- 
fypoprai /lerpLdrepoi, — ^L\6<T0<f>6^ t49 ^Ad'qpcuo^ 
Xeyei • 0/ iroXKoV toSz/ dvOpdmwp Kara rd^ drv^La^ 
fiaXKop elwOaa-L^ rov Bai/xoplov fiprjfJLOpevecp ' koI 
rroXKaKL^ iv rai^ evTrpa^iai^i c59 fivOcop ireifkaa-fjie-- 
vayp* roop de&p Kara^popovpre^, KaKo^^ av rrpa^av* 
T€9 dparpe'xpvaip eirX rrjp ^va-ifcfjp eiikd^euip, — 
'EttcI ^AXe^apBpo^ Aapeiop eir ^laa& re Kal ^Ap- 
^i]\oi^ i/cpdrrja-ep, ek Biairap rfjp MfjBi^K^p /lereS^- 

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THE REGULAR VERB IN a,. 117 

^7)<r€v^ eavTov, — IldXat /lep xal avOpcmrov avv- 
eumoivTo koX avpeircvov roU Oeoi^ iv tc5 ovpavA, 
olov* ^I^icov Kol Tain"a\o9* hrel Be fjcav ovrot 
vfipiaral, to otto tovtov^ afiaro^ ^v t& dvrjr^ ye- 
vu Kol airopfyqro^ 6 ovpavo^, — Jlevla S^ oirfKpa- 
Oelaa^ Bva-ae^el rpcnrco apSrjv dveZke^ xal Kari- 
OTpe^cv piov, — "Slairep KvaBL^ova^^ evLo6*^^ tj/uv 
V '^XO ^^ drfCbOau hnyeaaa^ rpC^ iiravrXel Kaxa. 

— *Ai/" yv^^ ri ear apOpayiro^, evBaifKov la€t^\ 

— no\i5 7' iarl Trdvrayv KTrj/ia Tifiiwrarov airaa-LV 
dvOpdyiroiaiv eh to ^v re-xyrj' rd fiev yap dXKa fcal 
iroXe/u)^ Koi /JLerajSoXal rv^x^j^ dvijXcocr^'', rj Teyirq 
Bi ad^erai. — noXXor? koI TroWo/ct? XPV^^^ '''^^^ 
dimOerot^ 6 ^ Ay dOcov iirel Be Tf9, C09 hravopOov^ 
fievo<; avTOV, ilSovkero irepuaipelu^^ aind r&v^ i/cel" 
vov Bpa/Mdrmv, eiireVy "'AXXa av ye, yewcue, Xe- 
\7j0a<:^ aeavTov top ^ Ay ddcova ex rod ^ Ay dOcovo^ 
d<f)avi^(ov '** ovTCi)9 ixofia eirl tovtoi^ ixelvo^, xal 
^ero^^ rfiv eavrov rpayayBlav ravra^ elvai. — IIv- 
Oar/opa^ ek&ye Bvo ravra ix rwv Be&v dvOpJiiroi^ 
BeBoaBai^ AcoXXtoTa, to re dXrjOeveiv Kal t6 evep- 
yerelv' koX irpoaerldet^ otl koI eoiKe^ rol^ de&v 
epyot^ eicdrepov. 

§ ^18, ^^ireiBri irore "Hpa KoiX HoaeiB&p kol 
*A07jvd Tov ^ia awBrjaat rjdeXoVy ©ert? rj/covaa 
v7reKv(T€v avrov rov Bea-fiov, KaKea-aaa rov e/ca- 
Torf)(eLpov Bpidpecov eh ''0\v/nrov. — 'H/>a/cX^9 
woWd 7re7r6vt]fcev, eKKaSalpmv rov I3lov, drjpia kot 
Tor/ODVL^ofievo^ xal dvOpdnrov^ v/Spiard^ rifioopov- 

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118 MIXED EXAMPLES. 

fievo^. — *Eai> eOikr}^ aeamov^ ^Irfveadai, Kara- 
yiKaaov r&v hrjpLoiria vo/ii^ofiivtov* ar/adoop, ttXou- 
Tov kclI Sofi79 KaX fiaa-cXeia^ xal t&v tov; TroXXofe* 
irepLp)\hn(ov. — At *A/iaf6i/€9 leartoKow irepl tw 
&€pfMco8ovTa irora/iov, edvo^ iier^a ra* Kara iroKe^ 
fioir r}<rKOtn^ yap dvBpiaV Kal €? wore yewya-eiav', 
pjivov ra OrjKea^ erpe^ov, — 'AXe^ai'Spo? Oeaaor 
/i€vo^ rrjv iv ^^^kaip et/cova iai/rov rrjv inro 'A- 
weXXoO ypa^etaav, ov/c eirpvecre Kara rfjv d^iav 
Tov ypd/ifJUiTO^. eura'xjBivro^'' 8k rov hnrov tml 
j(p€fieriaaino^ irpb'i rov hnrov top ip rfj cIkovi 
cw? 7rpo9 aKrjdivop koX^ iKCivop, "*X1 fiaaiKev,^* el- 
'irep 6 'AttcXX^?, "aXV o ye Itttto? ioixe^ aov 
ypa^iK€OT€po^ elvai Kara ttoXu." — Apa'x/icip rpi- 
e3i^" yXavKiaKov^^, w fieydXot, 0€oi, yoyypov K€ff>cu- 
Xaijov^^ Kcu rd irp&ra refjud'^fLa^^ Spa'y/icop^^ *ird\iv 
irePT. wraXaiiriipov ^iov^'^. hpa')(p,rj^^ Tpa')(7iXjovf;^^. 
oKKa pfj rov rfKiov, icdfioV^ rpd^Xov irepov el tto^ 
dev Xdfiecv^* fjv kcu irpLcurOai,^ SvvarSv, ov eyco 
TOVTOP dv^\ TTplv elcreveyKetv" ravra Seu/)'^', dirtjy- 
^dfirfv^\ ovSeU hehirfKovriKev^^ eiri/Trovayrepop, d/uut 
fiep €7rpidfi7jv^^ ir'oWd /cal iroXXov^^ a^oSpa, afia 
8' €4 ri 'XprioTov drfopda-aifj! d7ra>XXv/i7jv^, " Kar- 
eSoi/r" ifcelvoi rovro^^ wpoq ifiavrov Xe7G)i/, "Sto- 
7nmov<r^ oXvov ie rotovrov '^apAlT olfioL, — A. 
'H firjp 40-0)9 Gv KaraTrXuffjaei^ r^ X^P^* ^* '^^ 
KarairXuyTjaei rovro irapd r&v prjropojv. A. 'Atto- 
^rjaeral^ aoi ravrd rrov rd pij/juira. B, Hap 
*AXKil3iABov rovro rdiroprjaerai,^. 

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THE REGULAR VERB IN u^ 119 

§ 119. XIoo*^ T0J9 fiiXKovai reketrrau ifjLTrhrr^^ 
fi^rafiiKeui, fjbefivfffiivoi^ m iv r^ fii^ fjSucii/caac, 
Kai opfjLrj*- Tov /3ov\€€r0icu irdvra 'rreirpa/)(jScu Bi/ccUr- 

vovciv avTOP fiaKurra e)(aip€, rok Be aictlntTOV(ri^ 
fjKurra iBva")(€pcuv€V, — 'Ei/ t^ Kinrptp iroXei^ fj^ 
aap d^i6\oyoc fikv iwen, iiro Be ravra^ ^^PX^* 
rerar/fiiva fii/epa iroXlafiara. — Tw TLv\u)v Ne- 
oTopa Bia ypwfiTfv zeal yrjpa^ iraamov r&v rjp<!mv^ 
Trpovrlfia ^Ayafiifiva)v. — Aeyova-l rive^, ore ko^ 
afirjo'a<; eavTov 'Kpolao^ 6 AvSo? iravroBairw;^ Ka\ 
KaJ0taa<i eirl tov dpomv, rfpero top ^oXMpa, €t* 
Ti dia/ia KoWuw TediaTcu^' 6 Be^' ^^^AXe/crpvo^ 
va%^ etire, " ical <f)aaiavov^ kclL toco?* <l>va'itci^ yap 
avdec KCKoafirfVTac ical fivpup^ icaXKiovir — A. *X> 
KXio)!/, iravaai^ <f>Xvap£v* av^ wcvy^ to fuivQar- 
veiVy dveTTiKovprjTov aeavTov top fiiov XTycet" Troin 
wv. 0VT€ yap vava^o^, av^^ firj 7^9 Xo^iyrat" ^- 
pofiepo^, ovTTOT ap a-axreiep^ avTOP' ovr optjp wiprj^ 
7€7©9", firj ou" Texyqv fuiOdp, Bvpout^* op cut^^ 
\o)9 ^P TOP fiiov. Kop^^ fikp bpjiiaO^ Tt9 rjfx&p etV 
Xtfiipa TOP T^9 T€)(prj^, iffoKer^ iyicvpop KoBor 
'^a9*' daif>aXeim eXp€Ka' av^ S' aira&evTO^ fjuera^ 
o-j(y^ 7rp€v/JuiT0^ (f)opov/jL€vo^, T^ aTTopia^^^ €& TO 
yrfpa^ ovk exj^i, aayrrjplap. KA. "'AWa ^/wJ/uit* 
eoTiP ijfiip.^ A. "A 7€** Td'X^ioT dwoXKvTcu^. 
KA. "Kny/iaT, olfclaL' A. TiJ^9 Bk fiera^oTui^ 
OVK dypoei^, iri top evvopop Tidrfat*^ nrroyypp eU 
rrfp avpu)p. KA. "'A\V eraSpoi teal <f>lXot aok 
teal awijdei^f vrj Ala, epapop eurotaova-ip^.^* A. 

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120 MIXED EXAMPLES. 

Eup^ov fifj yjiPelv^ iretpav <f>t\oi>v' el Be firj, T^ci- 
cei" aeairrov aXXo jj/rjSev irXtjv aKiav. — "ESofa?** 
ffap fiot elBoTC^ ioixevai^^ ore e^rf, — MT^ScTrore 
fjuqihf ata-'xpbv iroiria'a^ ekin^e Xr/aeiv^^* xal yap 
av T0U9 aXKov^ Xa^?", aeavr^ awetaei^. — "'A- 
iravra SoKet^ irouelv ©9 fMr^heva X?7<ro)i/"' /cat" yap 
av^ irapavTUca Kpv^f;^ varepov o(\>0rjaeL^, fiaXi- 
ara S' av evBoKifiolrj^^, el <f>aivoio ravra firj irpar- 
T(ov a Toi^ aXKot^ av^ irparrovaiv einTifiarq^^, — 
*^A fjihf eTrla-Toa'ai^, ravra BuxxfyvKarre rac<i fieXi- 
rai^y a Be ixfj fie/jbdOrjKa^*^, Trpo&Xdfi^ave rah eirL- 
OTtjfiat^' ofjLoUo^i yap alcxpov*^ aKovaavra^ XPV^^' 
fiov \6yov firj fiaOeiv^ xal BcBofievop*^ ri dyaOov 
rrapci r(ov ifytXxov fifj Xa/Selp*^' KaravaXiaKe rrjv ev 
To5 ^Up (TXoXr/v eh rrjv rcov Xoycov <f>tX7jKotav' ovrco 
yap rd roi<; a}\Xoc(i ^a\e7rft)9 evprj/jueva^^ <rvfi^i](rc' 
rai^ aoi pqZUo<i fxavOdveiv, 

§ 120. SiJXXa?, evrv^^^ dvapprjOek, r&v 
fieyloTCDV evrvxt'^v* iiroieiro Bvo, rrjp MereWou 
rov JJlov <l>iXlav Kal rb firj fcara^Kayfrat 'A^^z/a?, 
dXXd ^ei(Taa6ai^ rrj^ iroKeG)<;. — 4>tXt7r7ro9 6 Ma- 
tceBot/oDv /Saa-fXev^, ttoWwv evTwxrjfidrayv xal Ka- 
\&v ev fiia vP'ipa irpoaarffekOevrtov* avrwy "*n 
Ti5x»/," €t7re, ** fitKpov ri fioc xaKov dvrl roaovrwv 
KoX rr/KiKovrayv dryaOwv Trowycoi'." — ^evoKpdrei 
XpnP'drwv KOfiiadevrcov^ diro ^AXe^dvBpov, earidr 
aa<: rov^ xofiltravra^ Kara rov avrov rporrov, " 'Att- 
077€tXaT6," €<f>rj'^, "^AXe^dvBp^, ire, ear av ovro} 
§5, ov Beofxai r&v rrevrrjKovra rcCKavrtov*'^ Tocav- 

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THE REGULAR VERB IN «. 121 

ra yap fjv ret irefiifydivTa, — Kparrf^ Kal HoXificop 
oi/Tft)? aXXiyXo) iifyiXeLTfjv, cSotc koI ^(Svre ov fiovov 
T(Sv avT&v rjoTTjv iiTLTrjSevfiaTwv, aXXa xal efw/x-ot- 
Qvadrjv aXKrjKoiVy koX Oavovre'^ rrj^ avT7J(; Ta<f>f]f;^ 
iKoivcovelrrjv. — Biiwi/ iXeye KararfeXdoTov^ elvac 
Tov<; awovBd^ovra^ irepl ttXovtov, ov rvyri fiev irap- 
i'xec, dveXevOepia Be <l>v\dTT€i, ^(prja'TOTTjf; Sk d^at- 
pelrac, — ^AvOpdircov €KaaTO<i Svo wijpa^ ^epei, ttjv 
fiiv efiirpoaOev, ttjv Sh OTriaOev, yifiec Bk kukSv 
€KaT€pa' aXV ij fiev e/juTrpoa-Oev dXKoTpUov^, rj Se 
oinadev rwv^ avrov rov <l>€povTo<;, Kal Std tovto 
01 avdpcoTTOc rd fiev i^ avrcop xaxd ou;^ opooai, Ta 
Be dXKoTpua irdvv aKpi^m Oecovrac^. — BacrtXev? 
alpeirai^^, Xva ol ekofievoc^^ Bed tovtov ev Trpdrrw- 
<nv. — "HSiy Be iroXk&v iffpeOrjv^^ Xoycov KpLTij^;, Kal 
TToW'^^ dfMiXK'qOevTa^^ fiaprvpcov Stto" rdvavri^^ 
eyvcov^'^ avfi^opd^; fiid^ wepi^. — KipeiaOwv^^ ex 
rwv TrpolSe^rj/Jbivcov^^ irdure^ ol tov iroXi/JLov kol- 
vcDvol, — *AvBpoKXeLSa<; 6 Adxcov irqpoiOeX^ to aKe- 
Xo?, Karera^ev avrov eh rov^ TroXefiiard^* w? 8' ivi- 
crravTO^ rive^ BLaKco\vovTe<i, ore eireTnjpcoTO, " 'AW' 
ov (l>evyovTa*^ elire, " fiivovra Be Bel roh avrneray- 
fjuevoc^^^ *fid')(€(T0aL^ 

§ 121. ^Aprefii^ Xeyerat evpelv^ t&v vtjttUov 
iraiBayv Qepairelav koX Tpo<f>d^ riva^ dpfiOTrovaa^ 
rfj <f>va€i T&v l3p€(f>oov* d<j> rj^ alrla^ KOvpoTp6^o<; 
dvofid^ero, — ^(OKparri^ irapyveL ifyvXarreaOav €- 
iceiva^ r&v fipco/ndTayv^ iaa firj ireLVwvras; iaOietv 
dvaireiOeL^ koX t&v TreofidTODV^, iaa irlvew^ firj St- 

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122 MIXED EXAMPLES. 

^jrcovra^. — XlBrjp rfjv *ilpl(ovo<: yiwatfca 17 "Hpa 
eppi'^^ev €9 *^KiZoVy irepX fiop(f)fj^ ipiaaaav^ — *E/3- 
fj^rj^, ^ht l3pi<l>o^ wVj "A/oeo)? i^elTucvce Xaddiv^ i/c 
Tov Ko\€ov TO ^i(f>o^, — Na/09 o fiatTiXeif^ t&v 'A<r- 
avpUaVy hn<f>av€a'TaTa<i Trpd^ei^ r&v irpo avrov'' 
KaT€ipyaafi€vo^^, eKTua-e ttoXiv fieyakrfv xal ev re- 
T€i'x^La-fiivr)V, fjv 6^'* iatrrov Hflvov iKaXeaev. — *E- 
ycpicrOrfv^^ fiev KpiTia^ re KtCi ^AXxtfiiaSff^ <l>va€t 
^LkoTLfJiordT(o iravTcav ^AOrjvamVf ^ovkofievto re 
iravra Si eaxn&v irpoLTTeaOai ical iravroDV ovofjuz- 
OTordTOi} yeviaOai^^ 'pSeaav^^ Be Xa^/epaTrjp arrr^ 
ika')(l<rr(ov fxkv j(p7)fmT0i)v avTapKiarara ^mirra^, 
riv rjiov&v Zk iraawv i^yKpareoTarov ovra^, Tot<f 
Sk SiaXeyofJbivoi^ avrw ircun ')(p(ifi€Pov^^ iv roh \o- 
70*9 07rft>9 I3ov\jocto. ravra Be bp&vre koX ovre oua 
7rpoelpi]<r6ov^\ irinrepov T49 avr^ <f>fi^'^ tov ^iov tov 
^(OKpaTov^ eTTLdv/JbrjaavTe Kal t^9 <rG)^/30(n5w;9, ^p 
ixeivo^ elx^v^f ope^aaBat" t^9 ofiCKia^ avTov, rj vo- 
fiuraPTe, el ofuXrjaaiTTfp eKeiPtp, yevea-dat^^ av Ikot 
vtoTaTG} Xeyecp re xal irpoTTeiv ; eyco fxhf yap rjyov- 
fuiL, deov SlSovto^:^^ airrolp fj ^fjv o\op top ^lop 
&<nr€p ^mPTa XaoKpaTfjp idpmp^ ^ TeOpdpcu^, eXe- 
adai^ OP avT(o fiakXop TedpapaC Si/Xeo S' iyepi' 
adrfp^^ i^ wp^ eTrpa^aTTfP' ©9 yap Tor^iOTa^ KpeiT" 
TOpe T&p (TvyyvfPoyJkptup rfyqacurOKiP elpai, evdif^ 
aTroTnjSi^aavTe XayKparov^ iirpaTTenjp rd voXiTiKa, 
wpirep he/ea S<»^paT0V9 cope)(0i]Trjp\ 

§ 122. Kpeayp fierd top ddporov t&p OlSbro" 
Sd9 iralZfop^ 'ET60A:Xiot/9 icaX TJoXvpeUov^, rijp ©7- 

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THE REGULAR VERB IN a>. 123 

fiaUov ^aaCKeiav irapaXa/Sdv^, r&v ^Apyeleop* t&v 
fiera HoXweucov^ iirl Qij^a^ arpaTevaafiivcop tov9 
V€/epov<; eppiy^ep ard^oiM;, /cal iicrjpv^e fbrjBepa da- 
•^at. ^AvTiyovT) Si, fiia rtov OtSliroBo^ dtrfaripcop, 
Kpv<f>a TO Tio\vveUov<; aSfia Kkey^aaa ida'>^e* kcu 
<f>wpa0eiaa vvo Kpioi>TO<; avr^ r^ Touj>q> ^waa ive- 
Kpv<f>6i]^. — 'E\0G)u* Se OLKaSe iKckevov oKokovOelv 
fioi TTjv Bepairaivav ek rrjv aryopdv, 07070)1/* 8' av- 
Trjv CO?*' T&v hrLTrfielcav rtva ekeyov ore eyw irdvra 
etrjp 7r€7rv(Tfiivo^^ rd ytyvofiepa ip rp oIkU' "Xol 
ovPy^ €^7]p\ "e^eoTi^ Svoip oirorepop fiovXec IXe- 
o-6ai^^, 7J fJutoTi^codela-ap eh fivK&pa ifitreaelp^^ koX 
firjBeTTOTe iravaoGOai,^^ Kcucoh rovovroi^ avpe'^p/jLi^ 
vrjp, ^ KareLTTOvaap^^ dirapra TdXrjdf}^* firjhkp ira- 
Oetp^ Kaxop aXXd avyypci/ni]*; irap^^ ifwv rvx^tp^^ 
roop i^fiapTnfi€Pa)P^\ yjtevar)^^ Sk firjSip, dXKd wdpra 
Td\7f6rj^* Xeye." — i^evpop ydp dp etrj^ co ^ABrj- 
vatoi, ely 0T6 fiep i<l>€vyofi€P^\ ifia^SfieOa Ao/ceSot- 
fioploi<:, ipa KaT€\0co/jL€v*\ KareXOopre;^^ Se <f>ev^6' 
fL€0a*^y Lpa firj fia')((ifie0a. 



§ 123. ''AiSrf^ Karrjyopiap *AaK\7j7nov eiroLrj- 
a-aro irpb^ Ala, (09 oBi/erfOeh Kal t^? dpyfjf; fiipo<: 
Ti d^ipeOek^' eXoTTOu? 70/3 del y\rfpe<rQai^ tou? 
T€T€\€i/r^/c0TO9, 0€pair€vofi€POV^ WTO Tov 'AcT/cXiy- 
TTAoO' 6 Sk Z€V9 Trapo^vp0el<; /eepavpcoaa^ top 'A- 
a-KXrfTTiop d7ri/CT€iP€P. — ^V0v87jfi6^ Tt9 ypdfifiara 
TToWo avP€LKeyfAipo<s* itoitjt&v re Kal a'o<l>LaToip 
T(Si/ evSoKifJUOTOTcop, CK TOVTCHv fjSri ipofii^e Sia<l)i- 

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124 MIXED EXAMPLES. 

p€tv T&v rjkiKKOT&v €7ri <To<f>la, — Tv(lmv fierct avpL- 
yfjbAv Kol ^0T]<: irerpw; rjp,fi€va<;^ hrX rov ovpavov 
e/SaWe' ttoWi) Sk iic rov arofiaTO^ iruph^ e^i^paae 
faXiy. — 'n? Hep^* irdvra rjroifuuno irpo^ r^p 
eirl Tou? "EWfl^i/a? arpaTciav, icfjpvKa^i e^eirefi'^ev 
eh iracra^ to? t^9 'EWaSo9 TroXet?, irpotrra^a^; 
irapa r&v 'E\\^i/g)i/ alrelv vSayp Kal yf]v^. — ^X'^ 
XaoTiKOf; 7rpo9 voaovvra ikOwv'' TJpcora irepl TJ79 
vyieia^;' 6 Se ovk ijBvi/aTO^ diroKplvaaOab* opyiaOel^ 
ovv elirev, "'EXTTtfco Kap,i voari<T€iv fcal eKBovri' aoi 
fjLTJ diroKptvecaOaL* — ^vpv^idSov elirovro^;^, "'fl 
SefivaTOKket^;, iv toI^ cuyoiiai tov^ Trpoe^avierrafii'' 
vovi^^ pairil^ovaL^^y^ " 'Nal,^^ ehrev 6 0e/A*oTo/cX^9, 
" dWd Tov<; d7ro\€i<f>0evTa<; ov oT&pavovcnv.^^ — 
Toou dyaO&v Tov irkovTov vararov ri&ei^^^ d^e^avo- 
rarov yap ioTLv wv^^ KetcT'^fieOa^*, — ^pvye^ ov 
KaTccpuTTOV Toif^; iepea^i reXeimja'avTa^, dK)C cttI 
Xldov^ S€Ka7rrij(€L<; iriOea-av^ cp6ov^, — 'O oZi/09 
fiirpLo^ fiev \r]<l>6eh^^ pdvvvac^^, wKeleov Se^ irapirf- 
civ^^. — EepOKpaTrjf; oTpovOtov TTore BcayKOfiipov 
VTTO iepaKo^ koX eUnrrjBrjaavTo^ eh Toi^ koKitov^ 
avrov, KaTayjnja-a^ fieOrJKev^^, ehrwv* "Tw iKerrfv 
hel p^fj ifcSiBovac^.^^ — "KelXoyvd ^aaiv^ Alaanrov 
irvOeadai^j o Zei)? t/ eXi}^ iroiwp ; rbv Se <f>dvac' 
" Ta pev v-^rfKa raireivooVy rd Sk raireivd xn^&v^^ 
— yierfdXriv TraiSeicw vopt^e Bi ^9 Bvvijaei,^ ifye- 
peiv dTraiBevalav. — *Hi/ koXoo^ dpy(€a0ac p,d£(o^ 
p^v^, TToXK^v dp'^ecv BxwrjaopeOa, — ^Ap^eadat 
p>a6(jdv^ ap^etv hnarqaeL*^. — *Opwv Meyapea^: 6 
Aioyevrj^ rd fiaKpd relxn la-ravra^^, "'11 AW>X^^- 

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THE REGULAR VERB IN ca. 125 

aKKa rcov ctt avroop arqa-ofievdov . 

§ 124. AaKayvitci) yvvrj d/eovacura rov eairnj^ 
vihv aeaaxTfiivov Kal ire^evyora ex twv iroXefiuov, 
ypd<f>€i avT^' **Kafcfj (f>T]fi7j aov KaTaxi'^yTai^* crv ovv 
fj Ta\m\v aTTOTpiylraij ff ix7}S '^filv ^av^^^ — Oittol- 
rjral if>a<Ti^, to/; AavatBa<i iv ^Aihov^ /coXa^eadat 
Bid TOP ^ovov T&v ISlcov dvSpoov, vSpo^opelp /cara-- 
ZcKacOeiaa^ iv T€Tpv7n]fjb€V€0 iriO^' lOev koX irapot" 
fiiav^ ivl T&v dvriwTa pL(y)(0ovvT(av "e/9 TerpvTrif- 
fiivov iriOov dvrXelv^^ Xiyofiev, — SaX/iwwi)? iv 
^HXlBi itoKlv ^KTiaev vfiptarfj^ Se cSi/ koX tw A^l 
i^iaovadai 0e\cov, Bed Tfjv dae^eiav iKoXdaOrj, "E- 
\€7e ydp elvai Z6i;9*, Koi iaxrr^ irpoaeToaae Oveiv 
Kal ^vpaa<; fi€v i^pafi/jL€va<;^ i^ apfuiTO^ fierd 
Xe^rjTOiV 'XjaXKoov avpeoVy eXeye ^povrdv' ^dXhxov Bk 
eU ovpavov aldofi€va<; XafiirdZa^^y eXeyev dcrrpdr 
irreiv. Zev^ Bk Kepavvdaa^ avrov, Tfjy KTtcOelaav 
vir avTOV ttoXlv kov tois olKrjTopw; rj^dvLcre irdvTa^. 
— ^AXi^avBpo^, 6 ^epaicov Tvpavvo<;, iv T0Z9 fid- 
Xloto' eBo^ev^ dpMaTo<i elvai. ®€oBwpov Be tov 
TTj^ TpwywBia^ *iroirjTov vTTOKpivofiivov ttiv Mepo- 
Trrjv, 6 Be^ eh Bdxpva i^eTreaev^^, elra i^avearr)^^ 
TOV OeaTpov. ^AiroXoyovfievo^ Be eXeye tw ©eoSci- 
p(p, 0)? ov KaTa<f>povi]aa^ ovBe dTipAaa<; ainov ^OC^' 
To^*, a\V alBov/iievo<;, ei Ta fiev t&v viroKpvT&v 
TrdOrf oto9 t€ fjv eXeelv, Td Bk t&v eavTov woXit&v 
oxrxP^' — ^aaKovov tivcx; iaKvOptoTraKoro^y Bta>i/, 
*'*H Toiiry ," €^, ^^KOKov yeyovev^^rj aXX^ dryadov,** 

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126 MIXED EXAMPLES. 

*— Aa/ia%09 iirerlfAa Tiivi rm "Kox^^^ a^pravovrt' 
Tov Bk ifyqaavTO^^ furjKerc tovto "irotTjaeiv, " Ovk 
eoTti/"," elirev, " iv iroKifirp SI9 afuipravewr — 'OSu- 
.pofikuov Ttvof; T&v fjLera ^(okUovo^ jjbeXKSvroDV anro- 
6vr\<TK^vif^ ehrev ^to/cicov, " lElra ovk drya'rra<i, 0oi}- 
StTTTTC, fiera ^(okUdvo^^ Airodvrja-xtov'y^ — TlpAroi 
vo/jLCafiiM cKoyftap ol Alyiv^rac t6 koI chr avrcov 
K\7f0€p vofiia-fia Aljivalov, — EvSat/wiyiSa? IBoov^'' iv 
*A/ccffS7}fjLia BevoKpartjV irpea^vrepov rjBrf psra r&v 
yLoBriTwv ^ikotro^vvTa, /col 'jrv06fju€vo<:^y irt rrju 
aperrjv ^rjTei, "11ot€ ovp, eiirev, " avrp ')(pria€Tai,'; 
HoKlv d/eovtra^i <f)LKo<r6<f)ov ZuCKe^devro^i^j ori pJ>vo^ 
drfadh^ crTpaTrjyb^ 6 aoifyof: iariPf " 'O fikp Xiyo?,** 
€^, " davp^aoTOf;, 6 Be Xeytop ov irepiaeaoKin^ 



§ 125. OuSel? ap6p(OTro<i cop aKirrra)^ top fiiop 
Bi'qya^ePy ovS^ irciTup^ P'^XP^ '^^^ riXovf; €vtvj(wp 
ep^ecpep. — ZdX6v/eo<: 6 vopo0€Trj<: raSe l^pa'^ep ep 
Tot9 phpoL^ "*flSe iJ/Ati/* *irapT)yyi\0a> iraai rol^ iro^ 
Xtrai^ kclI iraaai^ to?? nroXlria-i, pepprjaOai, iri, 
elal deol xal SlKa<; hniripirovaL rot? c&UoL<i^^ — 
Uepaeif^ iKaparSpfja-e ttjp Topyopa MeSova-ap, dire- 
a-Tpapp€P0<i* Koi ySXeTTG)!/ ek dawlSa ')(aKKr\p^ ZC 179 
Trpt elKOpa ttj^ Topy6po<: e^lXeTrep. — Ol ^OSva-cieo^ 
eralpoi irapeirXevcrap irapd rd^ Seiprjpa^, BeSep^oi 
rd^ ;^eJ/)a9* Kal rd mra /crjp^ <l>pa^dp€Poi, — O* 
Kapxn^opioi, rrjp cttI 'Ip^ipa pavpa^Utv^ 'Jrap* ikirl- 
Sa9 7]TTr)0€PT€^ wr6 Svpojcoa-loop, iiri too-ovto /care- 
TrXdyrja-ap^ ware rd^ vvkto^ am-apT€<: BtrjypvTTPOiw 

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THE REGULAR VERB IN oi. 127 

ifxvkaTTOPTe^ Trfv wiiKiv, ri^vfievoi, rhv VeKfova iror 
paj(f»ffia irXevaeo'dcu iirl ttIp Kafy^rfBiiHi, — *A^a- 
tcero^ i^ ^EXXtfinropTov irapci rffv TvaOcuvav ^epo^ 
T«9 icara^ /cXeo^ avrf}<:, irapa nrorov ovv TroXi?' fjv 
"XaK&v M€ti iioKei if>opTiKo^. viro\a/3ovaa^^ ovv fj 
TvaBcuva irp6^ clvtov hfyq' " EZra ab fUpTOV^ 
Xeyet^ ^tceip ef 'EWiy^rTToi/rov;" tov Sk ofjLoXoyi]' 
aavTo^^y " Kal irmP e^, " ovk ^yvay;^ r&v ixei 
voXeoDV TTJv 'jrpdrrjv;* rod Sk 6t7roin-o9", "Kal Tit 
iartp;^ 17 Se" dire/cplpaTO, ^'Xiyeiop'^^ Kal ififie- 
Xc39 BiA rod op6fiaro<: Kareaiyaaep ifia avrop. — 
EiopTfj^ ov<n79" irapa roi^ ^Adrjpaloi^ i^CkoripJi* 
aaro ^AXKifiidBrj^ Z&pa iroXKa Trifiy^cu r^ S«a- 
Kparrev. T^9 ovv Hapdhrm)^ Karairluvyeiari^^^ koL 
rop Xio/cpdrTp; \afielp avrd dfcovai]^, 6 Se" lifyrj, 
" 'AWa Kcu Tjp^eh ry <f>iKortfiia r^ rov *AX/c4^Aa- 
Sov irapara^dfieOa, fiif Xa^eip^ rd irefi^divTa 
dpT^^iKorifi/rjadfievoi^.^^ 'ETrel Si Tt9 €<fyrf irpo^ 
avTop, iri /ieya eoTiV, &p iirtOvfiel rt?, rovraap 
Tvj^eip^, 6 Se", ** 'AXXa psl^op iart ro firjBk hrir- 
dvjMelp rfjp dpx^v^' — ITXicoi; ^KpioTLinro^^ j(€ir 
fi&po^ eiri^epo/Mepov^j irdpv a'<f>68pa irapdrrero, 
"Fitfyq^ Be TA9 r£p avfiirTieopraypj "'11 'ApwrrtTTTrc, 
KoX ah SeBoi/ea^^y <»9 oi voXKoif 6 Se^, "Kal 
fjudXa 7€ €l/c6ra)<:'^ eifyq^ *' vfiip fiep yap irepl Kaxo^ 
8alfU)P0^ ioTi fiiov rj <nrovB^ Kal 6 pvp kipSvpo^, 
ifiol Sk irepX evBaifiovo^r 

§ 126. *I#cap(09 eXafie^ irapd Aiopvaov Kkrjfia 
dfjpjriXov Kal rd* trepl oIpottoUop (jMp6dp<0Pj Kal 

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128 MIXED EXAMPLES, 

ta? Tov deov ')(apiTa^ hcdprjiraaOcu OeKoDV dvOpJh 
'iroi<;, d^iKvelrai,^ irpo^ TLva<; Trot/x-ei^a?, ot r^evaa* 

fl€VOl TOV TTOTOV Kol %Wpt9 uSaTO? Bc TjBovfjV dif>€lZ&^ 

iXicvaaine^, 7r€(f>apfid')(dac vofjui^ovre^ direKTeLvav 
avToV fied^ rjiiepav^ he vor]aavT€^^ €0ay^av aurov, 
KCLi a<\)6hpa KarcoSvpavTO. — Aapew t^9 *Ao-ta9 
axeSbv SX979 Kvpievaa^, ttjv ^vparrrrjv eiredvfieL ica^ 
TOCTpeyfraaOac, ala'^pov elvai vofiit/oav, Toti^ fiev 
irpo avTOV ^e^aaCkevKora^y fcaTaBeearipa^ d<\>op' 
fid<; fCTTjaafiivov^^, ra fieycara r&v iOv&v KaTaire- 
iroXefiTjKevat, avrou^ Bk T7fKifcavTa<; exovra Bwa-- 
fiei^;, rfkUa^ ovBeX<i roov irph avrov^ et;^e, fiT^Bsfiiav 
d^LoKoyov Trpd^LV KareipydaOai^, — ®7)pafievri<; erv- 
^€1/*^ iv oUla TLvl BiaTpificov, elra, CTrel irporfKOev^^ 
auT^, irapa'xprjfia eKelvq Kariireaev^^ ol fiev ovv 
^AOrfvaloL, dWou dXKa'Xpdev avrat Trept^ui/re?^', 
avvrjBovTO iirX ry acoTtjpla rfj 7rapaB6^q>, 6 Be 
Trapd Trjv irdvTcov ikirlBa direKpLuaro, "*il Zev, e? 
Tiva fie Kaipov ^uXarreA?;" ical fier ov iroXifv %/oc- 
vov viro Toov rpiaKovTa dvrjpedT)^*, irielv^ Kooveiop 
KaraKpidek. — TlTca^^o? yTrjae AaKcova' "'AXV el 
Boirjv^^ (TOL^^ €(l>rj, '* /jloXXoi/ Trrw^eucret?* t^9 Be 
dayrjiiocrvvrj<; aov ravrq^ 6 irpioro^ /leraSou?" at" 
Tio^y dpybv ae irovrfa'a^.^^ — ^FiinXeyovai 8' ot Adr- 
Kcova Kol^ irapOLfica^ofjbevot, ** T171/ %etpa irpocrcfye* 
povra TTjv Tv^V^ KcCXelv^^'^* co? Beou^^ eTriKaXeccrdat 
Tou? 0eov<; fiera tov iyxetpetv tl kol irpaTTetv, aX- 
Xo)? Be fiT], — ^AvTiyovo^, &paavXXov tov ILwikov 
BpcLXM^ olTr}aavTo<i^ avTOv, " 'AXV 01; ^aaCXiKOv^ 

€<f>1], '*t6 BtSpOP*"* TOV Bi et7r6vTO<;^y "OJ/COUI/ TlMn 

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the: regular verb in to. 129 

\avTov So9^ fjLOi,,^ '**A\V ov Kvvikov,'^ 6017, "ri 

§ 127. 'EttcI €& %7rdpTr)v cttI tw 'EXej/iy? 
yd/jLOv ol ^aaCKevovre^ t^9 'EWaSo? irap&yhovro^, 
TvvBdp€G)^, opwv avT&v TO ttX^^o?, iSeBoUei^ firj 
irpoKpvdevTO*;^ iv6<; oTcuTido'axnv ol aXXoi, 'E^ci/j- 
Kwaev ovv iravrw; rov^ fjuvrjaTrjpa<; jSorjOrjaevv, edv 6 
TTpoKpcOeU vvfi<l>io<: xnr aXXov rivo^ dSiKrjdy irepl 
TOP ydfiov. Tavra Be irovriaa^ MeviXecDV aipeiTai 
wfi<f>iov, — TlfJbCDV 6^A0r}valo<: ttoXXoi;? ^K6r}vamv 
eU v^o<i apw;^ k<u 7r\ovalov<; in TreveardToyv diro^ 
^T]pa^f /cat iraai rol^ ieofiivot^^ i7nK0vprjaa<;, /xaX- 
Xov^ Be ddpoov eh €vepye<riav rwv <f)iXcov e^j^ea?' 
rbv ttXovtov, eTreiBfj nrevr}^ Sid Tavra iryevero, ovk- 
€Ti eyvcDpi^ero vtto r&v irporepov^ <f>CX.a)v, — M17- 
Seia fiiXKov<ra ixifyvyecv^ vtto Kpiovro^ rod KopcV' 
Omv I3a<rc\ia)^ i/c Koplvffov^ irapaiTrja'afjbevi] tt/jo? 
fiiav Yjiiepav fielvai}^ xal Txrxpvad^^ fiiaOov t^9 
j(aptTO^ Sc^pa enefiylre t§ TTulvkj}, ireirXov fi^efia- 
ryevfiivov <f>apfid/cq> Koi *)(pv<Tovv cre^avov* oh 
eKelvT) ')^ifaa/JL€vi]^ mvpX Kare^Xeryrj, xal 6 Kpecop 
Be^ ireptirXaKeU^^ dirWavev. — Outo? S' e^evpe^ 
reix'^^ ^Apyelcov OTpar^, araOfioivj dptdfi&v Kal 
fieTpeop evpi^fuLTa' KaKelv^ ^rev^e irp&ro^ e^ evh^ 
BeKa, KOK^^ rwvSe y av0i<; evpe TrevrrjKovToBa^ eh 
X^'^^ o5to9 eh GTpaTw ^pv/crcoplav, virvov <f)v\d^ 
^€C<; . . . e(j>€vpe^ S' aoTpayy fierpa Kal irepcaTpo(l>d^y 
Ta^€t9 re ravra^;, ovpduid re arjfiaTa, vetov re Trot- 
fjLavrrjpaiv^^ evddKacrcrloov ^KpKTov aTpo(f>d<; re Koi 

9 

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130 MIXED EXAMPLES. 

Kui/09 ^^i^xpap Svacv, — r 'E^eJ 7ri<f)VKa^ ypafi/jui' 
TODV fjuh ovK tBpc<;, fiop(f)a^ 8k Aif© Kal aa^ re- 

KfJLTjpul. KVK\o^ Tt9 W TOpVOUnv^ iKfJL€TpOVfJb€VO^' 

0UT09 S' e^e^ (njfieiov iv fieatp aa(f>i<:, to Bevrepov^ 
Be irp£Ta fihf ypafjLfial Bvo' ravra/i Bielpyct B* hf 
fie<Tai<: aWrj fila, rpirov^ Bk ^oarpxrxp^ Tt9 cS?" 
etKirffiho^^. rh K av reraprov ^v fiev eh opOifv^ 
fxla^^ \o^(u^ S' hr avTrj<; rpek tcaTearrfpty/jbivcu 
elaiv. TO irefiTrrov S' ovk ip evfjuzpet^ <l>pdaac' 
ypafifud yap elaiv ix BieoTcoTcov^ Bvo, aihav Be 
avm-pixova-iv ek fiCav fidaiv. t6 Xola-Biov Bk t^ 
TpiTfp irpoaefijyepi^^. 

§ 128. ZwTTvpo^ 6 Meyafiv^ovy dvijp Xlepo^?, 
airorefio^v eaxrr^ Tfjv ptva icfCl tol c^Ta, /cal rrjv 
tcofirjv KCLK&<i irepc/celpa^:, xal fuurrfrfJiaa^ eavTov, 
7IVTo/Jb6\7j<T€^ 7rpo9 ^a^vXcDvloiM; VTTO Aapeiov iroX^ 
opKovfiivov^, 01 Bk Ba/3v\(ipio^ opwine: dvBpa 
T&v Jiepa&v BoKifJUOTUTov^ pivo^ T€ teal ohoov i<rr€- 
prjfiivov Koi p^ari^l t€ teat aXfuiTV dvwir€(f>vpfieuov, 
iKirlaavTe^ a'<f>Knv i^Keiv^ avfifia'xpvi iverpdirovTo 
ain^ TTjV CTpaTidv, — 'AXe^ai'Spou Tov^yiaiceBovo^ 
kicaTov ToKaina ypva-iov ^oDKioDpt t^ ^A6rjvalq> 
ireTTOfju^OTO^s^y tjpero ovto^ tois tcofil<TavTa<i\ tI 
BiproTe, iroXKwv ^Kdrfvalxov ovToyv^, avTa> fiovtp 
*AXi^avBpo(; 'n-€irofjL<l>€v; ehroinayv'' Se, ""Ota® rff^el- 
Tai ae KoCKhv Kal dryaOov,^* "Ou/couv," e^iy, "ia^dTO} 
fie teal etvai Kal Boxetv tocovtov'^* Kal Taxha toU 
KOfiiaaa-cv elirdv dTreTrefiyfraro fikv Tct j^?7/uiTa, 
^AXe^dvBpo) Bk eypay^ev, el j3ov\otTO avr© xopt- 

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THE REGULAR VERB IN ^ 131 

acurOcu, dvoXSia'cu* roif^ iv XdpBeir^v olx/uiKiiiTov^f 
iirep KciX iteeufo^ ireirolriKev. — 'O^** Tofe seaxA^ 
irpafraovaa^ rihb /col" fipaj(yv ypivw XafficOai,^ 
r&» trapeardTav^ kok&v, — Oi/ic eari Tofe /i^ 
Bpwa-i avfifia')(o<: rvytj, — Z^", trlve^ i^fiov, — 
Oi5 TufAov o5to9" tcSi/S'** air&ae^, aihf Se^ ehreiv", 
ypevov re iunfu^ci^^ co^mrarm i(l>€vp€^f ^Xol- 
c/Sov fierd kottov tcaOrffjUvoi^^, nreaaav^^ /cvfiov^ Te, 
T€pirvbv dpyi(K a/co9; — TS<r€U>v, yrow^ XP^/^t\ 
ifjreiXoWf iavfco^vrovv. — OuS' dpyvpiSp iarip 
K€K€p/iaTur/Jkipov, — "Cipa fiaii^eiv fjuwarl^ irpoq 
Tov SeairoTfiVy rjStf yap avrov^ otofuu BeSenrvavai^. 
«< — Kal fiwj^i/o^" Kol yeipApM^ fipovTf fidTC ev. 
— 'OSoO irapovari^^ rfjv drpaTrhv teaTeppvtfV*', — 
'TTTOTrerrcoKafJLep^ ydp^ civBpe^^, /col icoKoi^ riplara- 

80 

XIX. 

7ERBS Ilf fu. 

§ 129. *H ficopia SiBcoatv dv0pflmoi<i Kcuca. — 
^AXjcvwVy BaKarrlxi rw opw;, ryowSt) riv ff^ov d^i- 
f)(rip. — 'fl9 iirhrav T0J9 eirxfypvaiv tj t&v Trparf- 
fidrcov hrippofj rrjv tov ir\elovo<; emOvfilav irapi- 
tmiaiv. — 'ATToXXovt dpaTidkaai^ Ttjv eupetriv ttj<: 
8d(f>vrj^, Kol Ka6i€pov<nv avTrjv tovt^ t^ 0€^. — 
O* TToirjral iTTiSet/cpvaai rd r&v ircCKou&v dvip&v 
€pya KoX TTpd^ei^ ffavfiaord^ kcu Xoyov^. — HvOa- 
y6pa<; iraprjyyeWe roU p>av6dvov<rb <nravlc^ op,- 
vvpcu. — Tfjv pev idvioTOv Bcura iraiBelwv Kpe&v 
^wrJKa* Kal 'jritfipi/ca*, — Tov? ^^XeTTOv? /cvptv: t^ 

9—2 

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132 • TERES IN fiL 

fiev iqfiepa<:* BiSicurt^ to? Se vvktw; d<f>iaaiv. — 
M.acmyo^ ova7j<:* opKov olKeTp StSco?'; — At ov 
aireKavaev^ rj iraj^yrj ra^ dfiirikov^, Bv ov aae* 
/Sovvra S' 6 7r€7r\o9* ippdryrj^^ fiiao<;, dvffptoTrlva^ " 
TTOiovvra rd^ rt/tta? Oeo^v, ravra KaroKveL Srjfjuov, 
ov /coofJ^Bia. — *0 TOP eviavrhv ax/mefi^v^ ek pbr\v 
Sua, 6 rrjv dxpimoKiv iravBoKehv viroka^tov^^.-^ 
'8t€vo<f>&VTi BvovTi fjK€ T*9 €K MavTivela^^^ 0776X09, 
X&yoDV Tov vl6v avTov top TpvWov reOpdvav^^ 6 Bk 
rbv fikv ariifyavov aTre^ero", BiCTeXei Bk Oveov, 
iirel S' 6 06776X09 #cal" CKeivo TrpocriOrjKe^j 2x4 
vifcoov fiivTOL^ re6vr)K€^, iraKiv 6 Sevotfxov iire" 
OrjKe^ ry xe^aXfj top (TTe(^avov. — 'O Tlv0ay6pa^ 
eKeyev in irdvrcdv a-o^wrarov 6 dpL6/Jb6<;, Bevrepov 
Be 6 Tot<: irpdyiuuri, rd ovofiwra Befxevo^^. — ^QiVrfV 
€0ov^ Kal irpdcLV, (09 ^olvi^ dprjp XiB(ivio<i fcdTrrj" 
X09. — ^Op6vT7j<; 6 ^aaiKeoxi 'Apra^ep^ou yafi/Spof;, 
drifiia nrepiireaoov^ BC opyfjv fcal KaTar/v(oadel^^, 
€<f>7f, Kaddirep ol rwv dpLdfirjTiKoiv BdKTvXoi vvv 
fiev fivpidBa<;, vvv Be fiovoBa TiOevat, Bivavrai, ovtco 
Kol Toi/i Twv iSaackicov <l>iXov<; vvv fiev to irdv 
Bvvaadah, vvv Be rovkd'xiaTov^, 

§ 130. &e\x)fi€V AcaXc39 ^rju irdvTe^;, aXX' ov 
Bvvdfi€0a, — 'A<^6t9* rd <f>avepd fifj Blcokc Td(l>avrj. 

— Ml) €7rl fiLKpol^ aavTov o^vdvfiov Bei/cvve, — 
IIoXXol fiaXXov nrpoOvpjoi elai BtBovaL irkovaico 
icaK&^ fi irevTfri KdyaO^^* — ''KpLcno^ Kpnt}^ viro- 
voelaOo) 6 Taj^eft)9 fiev awiek, fipaBeo)^ Be KpLvcov, 

— 2w Tw vofirp Bel* TOP BiKoa-Trjv tyjv yjrfjcjiov 

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7ERBS m fiu 133 

rWea-Oau — 'O viicri(ra<; iviroXefi^ oTparrjyo^ cu/a^ 
Tidiro) "Ajoeci)? ar/aXfia '^^vcovv. — Oi r&v fiei^o- 
i/€ov opeyofjuepot iroXKdfci^ Koi, iavroi)^ irpo^ avroh 
T049 virap'xpvatv^ anroKKvaaiv, — M£W9 icaX Av 
Kovpyo<; vofiov^ iOirrjv, — OvBeva Orjcravpov Kara- 
Brjaei,^ evBov dfjuelvca alSov^, fjv dyaffo'k avSpdac 
8tSci)9« — "Oca av irXeio) ri^ irapaOryrai rd irepirrd 
T&v iKavwv, TO(TovTo> KaV OoTTov Kopo^ i^irhrTei 
T^9 ihoDirjq. — KaKov ovBev ^verat iv dvBpl 0€fi€- 
Tua 6€fi€V(p ao(f>la^, acd^pocrvvqv koX eyfcpdreiap, — 
AaKUCpa irpoa-avaSiSovcra to) iraiBl r^v dtnrlSa teal 
TrapaK€\6ix)/JbeP7)* " Ti/evov,^* effyq, " rj TavTr}v\ ^ iwl 
TauTi79**" 'Erepa dKOvcaaa reffvrjKivcu^ rbv vibv ev 
f^^XVi /ca^aTrep irira/cro, " KardOere ainov,* e<fyij^ 
*' dvaTrXrjpcoaaTQ) Bk r^v i/celvov ra^iv 6 aSeX^o?." 

— M?;Te vv^ fi7]T€ ijfiipa emax^TO)^^ <re, &aT€ 
dvelvaL Trpdrreiv tc. — Tou9 firjBcfilav, c5i/" av €v 
wdOaxnv^^ viro aov, 'xdpiv iicTlvovra<; oKKov Xeyop^' 
TO)i/" dx(ipl<TTov<:y (TV S' avorfTov<i^ in rov KaWi- 
OTOV Twv drfaO&v ov avvLd<nv^, 

§ 131. T6 yJtevBo^ ov Bvvaa-ai dL\,f)0k<: Troteiv. 

— Trjv evvouw rrjp Trpo? rjiMoi^^ iv T0?9 e/yyoi? ivBeL 
KVvaOe fJbSXKov rj iv Tot<i Xoyoi^, -^ T171; aiyi^v aov 
(Tvyxdipria-iv 6ri<T(o^, — 'O \6709, ^al Sco/cpaTi;?, 
KdiKxiv T§ ^i^ ireptTLOrja-i ayfjiMi. — Karwv 76- 
povTi 7rov7}p€vofjL€vq> €<^* " Tt ^ avOpayTTe, r^ yvp^ 
iroXKd KaKa expvrt rrjv €K* t^9 irovrjpia^ al(r)(vvr)v 
irpo<TTl6r}^\^ — 01 Oeol TtOcovov TrdKverr} Kol fjui^ 
Kpo/Siov eOeaav, — IlpofirjOev^ Ala irapeKoylaaTo, 

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134 7ERBS IN ,iu 

€v T§ vofiy t£v Kp€mv oara irapaOeU avT^ Kena- 
XvfifUva t5 'rrifiek^^ — Zev9 Xapinfiovi, t^U Av- 
kUop ficurCKu eBcoicep iirl rpeU yevea^ ^v. — ^ABv 
fiovpre^ aj^pe^ oihrto rpinraiov €(rrri<Tav\ — ''Eo)? 
fjthf av ^ irepi^pa rf Kivovfjbhnj teal 6 fjXio^, irdpra 
etrri' koX a-oo^erat iv dvOpdmoi^' ei Bi arahi^ tovto 
Sxnrep Beffiv, irdma x/oiJa^ot av Bta<f>Oap€iff. — 
MeXirr) %poi/tcr^€&r' cfe ^<nv KoBioTartu. -^ O* 
AatcehaipxwioL ttjv irdkireiap ofiolav /eaTeanja'apTO 
OTpaTOTriSfp KoXok SioiKoufiiinp leal /eak&9 irei&ap* 
X^iv iOeKovTt toJj ap^ov<Ttv. — tdurffov fioj(0i^(raim 
BlSoV fjbtj ffXifie trivrjTa, — HapaKaraOi^Kfp/ "Kafiixv 
Si/caUof dir6Bo9» — • Ot ev t^ dryopai ^povrl^vcip, 
2,T* i\oTT0j/09* TTpid^iePOi^^ itXelovos^ diroBooPTat^K 

§ ld2. Tov^ rrjv ISlav olxlav /vaXcSi? olKovvra 
Kcu^ rd KOtva* rfj^ ttoKeco^ irapairkritrUo^ StaOi^areiv 
"^yovp^Au — 'SiiBav dwoaTaaa^ ^Apra^ip^ov rou 
''ilxov^ KoKovfiivov, Bm trpoBoaia^ vTr&xelpio^ eye- 
v€TO Tot9 Ilip(rai<:. -r- Ot oBeK^i^ irapikvre^ koX 
a\Xoi;9 ^/Xov? ^rjTOvvre^ irapaifkrictol elci roh t^p 
p,hf eaxn&v yrjv i&ai, rrjv B^ dWorpiav yeapyovaiv, 
— Teipeala^ 6 ftAvTi<; roU &f)l3aioi^ fuxm€vopAv(m 
ehre vticfj^eiv^ idv MeuoiKei^ 6 KpiovTir: *Ap€t 
aj>drfuyv avriv hnB^. Tovto axouca^ 6 Ma/ot/ceu9 
eavrip irpb r&v ttvX&v eaifni^ev. — "iAlvco^ rok 
Kpffal vofiov^ IffrjKe, TTpotnroiovfievo^ irapct Aei? 
rov irarpo^ Tiafi^dveiv, — Adxaivi Tt9 tt/oo? riva 
'Icnfi/tTJp Bel^aaav' airy rev Koa-fjuw, oprerriBei^e 
rcL rhcva eiwovaa, "'O Be i/x^ icwrjioq roic{rro^\'^ 

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VERBS IN lu. 135 

-— *Ei/ ^Witp OvovTi *AXe^dvSpq) etfyrj 6 tepei^ hel^eiv 
rffpTlapiZo^ Xvpav^ 6 Si, "T^y 'A^*^^®?,** elirev, 
** el e^€t9, Bec^oVy koI irpo ye rfj^ \vpa<; rijv /*€- 
Tdavr — *AXi^avSpo^ voarjaa^ ficucpav vSaov, m 
dvippaxrev^^, ovSep l<^ StareOrjvav X^tpoi/* **'T*7re- 
fivfjae yctp tj/ia^ tj voao^ fifj fiiya <l>poveiv m OvrjToif^ 
iina^r --^"Orav ri^ ef/iy" rr}<; olKia^, fiyTe/r© nrpo- 
repop, rl fiiXKei trpatreiv ; Kal trap etaeKfff)^, tto- 
7uv ^rireirco, rl eirpa^ev ; — S^^oXaor^/c^ oliclav 
irpiifievo^^, 1% ffvplSo^ irpo/nnfra^ rip&na tou9 Tra- 
pt6vTa^^\ el TrpiTret avrtp 77 olxla ; — TlkdroDv 7r/)09 
^ApioTimrov elTre* " Sol fiovtp SiSorai ical '^Xa/jLvSa 
ei <l>opetp Kal pdKos»^ — Meya /cukop t6 firj hvpa" 
aOai <l>€peip kokSp, 

§ 133. ^l/cfjp BiSoPTOiP^ oi T0V9 p6fJLov<; irapa^ 
paipopre^, — ^laphopio^ 6 Hepacop arparrjyS^, ip t§ 
^ouorla Starpi^ayp [lerq, rod oTparevfiaro^, t£p ip 
ry TleXoTTOPPTja^ iroKediP ripa^ eirecpdro d^ctrrdpac 
T% t£p 'EKKr]Pa)p avfAfiaxict<:. — '0/)^€^ eTeXevrrjae 
SuKTiraarOeh vtto Spaxlayp yvpattc&p^ otl ov /a€T€- 
SiSov avral^ r&p opyuop, — ^IdOafiep* Xiryeip iirl* 
T&p raxeco^ rpex^vrayp, cm iriroprcu, — 'Ei' AcySmprj 
iroKei T^9 ^Hirelpov Hararo Spd<; iepd rov A(09» Kal 
ip rairri tip t6 futprelop, yvpdiK&p ova&p^ irpo<l>rjtl' 
S(OP, — 'Kafil3varj<; ovK '^ffeXe I3iap irpofT^epeip ^oi- 
pc^ip, in €K6pTe<: eavroif^ iBeBo&Keaap Jlipaa^^, Kal 
irap rh pavriKop iK ^olpIk<op fjprriro, — 'I^^^O? 
&€6(f>pa(rr6^ ^rja-ip vTrb ppyov^ nrefrtrjyora^^, idp 
d^e0&aip eh rffp yfjp^ KaTorypvadai Kal avPTpl^e- 

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136 VERBS IN /it 

a6ai> SIk7]v^ vakcov. — ■ 'EttcI toi<; iv @€pfi07rv\aL^ 
fia^ofjLivoi<; ^irapriarat^ ra Bopara irvy^ave fcaT- 
earyoTo', TOL<i ^c<f>€a-c Steipyd^ovro roif<; ll€paa<;, — *■ 
JIl6pt€^^ ol KoKcave^ iv T0Z9 avaa-irloi^; fierpicof;, 
airipxomai Bl'xa Xa/i7ra8o9' ov yap e^eo-rt® 7rp09" 
<f)oi<; fiitSl^eiv ovre ravrrjv ovre aXKrjv oSoVy Sttg)? idi- 
^(ovrat (TKOTov^^^ kclI wkto^^^ evdaptrok koI dS€£<; 
oSevecv, — E? Tt<? toov AaKcovtov ifxopadeirj afiapTa-' 
voDV, eBei tovtov ^(d/jloi/ riva r&v iv Ty iroKu kvkX^ 
irepiUvaL^, yjroyov aZovra ireiroLfjiiivov eh kavrov, 

— 0/ (fyavXot Te'xylrai, fiaaei^ fM€yaXa<: pLiKpok 
v^LGTatTLV avaOrjfiaaiv, — %ci)KpaTrj<; oKlr/ov XP^ 
yov nrpb rov davdrov, " OvBevl,^* e^, " dvOpdirav 
v<f)€CfjLi]v dv ovT€ ^iXxiov ovre ijBiov ffefiKoxevai,^.^^ 

§ 134. OvBev /jLaK\ov Bvvarat evBalfjLOva filov 
TrapaaKcvdaaL 7^9 evvo/xla^ teal Blktj^ koI elpijvr]^.^^ 
Trjv irapd 0€ov BiBo/Mevrjv rvyriv dv6pa)7nva)<; (l>€p€. 

— AL/caLO<; epco^ dfcopeoTO)^ i(f>i€(r0at t&v koXoov, 

— XloWot? 6 iv yrfpei /8t09 Sucr/coXo? Kara^lvercu 
Bid Trjv T&v aladrjaeoDV areprjaiv, Kar oXlryov diro^ 
^fievvvfjbivoDV. — Tov<; ev iradovras:^^ orav Bwdfie- 
vol x^P^^ diroBovvai fifj diroBiB&o'Lv^ d')(ap(<^ov<; 
KoKovfiev. — 0/ Xirapridrai, irdvra rd Kara rov 
^Lov dfyadd Bevrepa irldevro rrj^ B6^<;. — HepC- 
avBpo^ ipwrrjOek, Btd rl ovk dTroriderat rrjv dpyfjv^ 
elirev ""'Ori t^ kot dvdryKTfV ap^ovrc tcal^ ro 
iKovaia)<; dirotrrrjvai,^ kIvBvvov <f>€p€L* — Atoyevti^^ 
XiyovTo^^ avTQj rtvo^ la")(%jp&<; BetaiBalfiovo^, " MtS 
TrXrjyy rrjv K€^\riv aov S^appijfo)," ** ^Eydo Be 76," 

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VERBS I^ iiL I3t 

^Ittc, " irrapoov^ i^ aptcrep&v Tpifi€iv tre irotrjaca,^ 
^Apufroiim avr^ hf ce^opq, ol TrepiearSTe^* aweyj^ 
ekeyoPy ** Kvop.** 6 Be, " 'T/acJ?," elircp, *' iari kvp€^, 
oX lie dpurrwpra irepUarare^^ — Tov9 dOefuara 
€U)(pfjUpov^ €<lyrja&a eltco^ elptu irapa 0e&p amrxjup. 
— tAerarlBH ra fifj xakok Kadear&ra^. — TUpo^ 
TOP d^uwpra SrjfjLOKparlap ip r^ mXec Karaarqaar 
a6cu 6 AvKovpjo^ eiire, *'2i) irp&ro^ ip t§ ol/cia 
aov TToirjaop BrjfioKpaTiap.^* — ^Eyci yeoypyci top 
dr/pop, ovx 07rG)9 rpitjyff avro^^ ps, irap ip^v 8' Ipa 
rpoifnjp frpoaXap^^oprji' aKairrto yap auro?" hnp^- 
Xoky a-TreipG) r del /cal ircana 'rrom irpo^ to hovpcu 
KciX TiajSelp^* 6 Se^^ \ap,^dpet pAp, dnrohlZ(oab S 
ovBk €p\ 

§ 135. AvaapSpo^ dpfjp ePTtpiraro^ rwp 'Zvap^ 
Ttar&p TO? 0vyaripa<: ovk iBvparo iKhoaOai irpouca 
&W9. — -- 'AttcW^? o ^(oypdffxy; ipaynjOeky Bid ri 
rijp Tvxnv /cdOrfp^eprp; eypa>^ep, ** Ov;^ Scmj/ce ydp,^* 
elirep. — Ta?9 Xdpurip fj rrj^ Syfreto^ Kocrp/rjtn^ iBo- 
Ofj. — ^HpcucXSj^ rffp Bopdp rov ep 'HepAa Xiopro^ 
irepUOero. — Tcop ^'EKKtjplk&p iroKecup i^ t&p ^Affrj- 
paicop TTpdrrj pop^v^ edero leal iroKvreiap KaTe<TTrj- 
caTO, — Mera rd MrfBtKa ol ^AOrjpcuot ^popripxL^ 
T09 ipe7rip,7r7uiP7o\ koX t^9 t&p ^^XKrjpcop i^yepo- 
pia^ wpe)(0fi(Tap^. — 'Kpolao^ eirep'^ep drfyeKov^ el<; 
AeX^i)? KoiX iinjpdrrjae to yprjtrrrjpiop el arparev-- 
fjTai* €7rl Ilepaa^, koX el rcpa^ apBpa^ irpoaOfjrai, 
<rup*pA')(pv^, — A.. ^ Airoarepfi^rfip eKadop^ dyopdaa^ 
dry pop. eaireipa pip Kpidmp p^Bip.POV^ eUo^r rov^ 

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138 7ERBS IN lu. 

r<ov ckjriBa)Ketf ovS'* 0X01/9 rpic/caiSeKa' ol 8' eirr 
hfi 077)8a9 €<TTparev<rav^ fiov ioicw, B. ^Ovri<Ti^6pc^ 
rf€PoiTO^» A. TovTO yiT/veTat,^' 8 yap ^epec vvv 
oSto?", el? oj'o? ^peL — A. ^IStirUovpo^ oSro xar* 
envKvov^ rffv fjBovijv, ifiaaaT^ eirip^Xikf elSe" 
TofyaOov^^ fiovo^ i/ceu/o?, otov iariV ol S* ei; t§ 
OTOf" ^rjTova-i awex^m, oloj/" eor', oviic 6^6x69 ". 
ovKOW, o y ovK exovctpy ofypoovat 0€, ouo ai' 
er^p^ Soirjaav, B. Oirra> awBoKci' aj>&fiev ovv 
TO \oiird' S^\a S^ TToXat. 

§ 136. T^ pAtTov apiOTOV elvat inravris; ^xxr 
puev. — ^v0a cof rjp^a^ ol 7r68€9 ^ptoatj', ixetae 
anripLev* — ^A^iovp^ep Bia t^9 'Zrm/cfj^; ^iXoao^ia^ 
ek TTiv aperqv elcUvcu. — "Op/rip6<; (fyrjcnv' ovk 
ayaffov^ irdkuKocpavia, eh /colpavo^ etrra), — *E7rt- 
oinfov* Jlepa&p AcuceSaip^iot ifiovKevovro reiy^i^ 
cat rfjp Xirdprr^v. — '^o<l>oK\f}^ ^aiv " OvBhf 
€ap,kv ol avBpamoi, tfkfjv elhfo\ar — "Op/qpo^ aire 
rrjv T&v ^KxTovpmv oxne rrjv r&v MiySci)!' 0Lpyi)v 
^S€t\ — TcSi/ <l>i\oa'6^v epyov i(rrlv elSeva^y ri 
phf fika^epov, rl Bk d^Xip^v avdpmroL^. ^^ 'O 
p»ary€tpo^ av^ p^ viroBuiKovov^ eXpnv Trpb^ rbv IBid' 
Tqv* Kol fui07iTci^* elaljj'', /cvp^ivoTrplara^* iraina^i 
fj Xi/iou9* KOk&v^ lirtff^^ S/ccurro^ €v0v^' &v S* oKti- 
0ivop^^ cavrhv irapafiaSXrj^^ a»1" irpoaeKBapel^^ 
anreii^, Inrep ovv VTredep/qv^\ r^ xev^" X^P^^ ^^^ 
Sot;' Kalra frropMi^ ylr/vcoaice i&v tceKXrjfievayv^^ . 
Hawep yap eh Tap^TToput^^, t^9 Teyyri^ irepa^^ rovr 
eoTW, m*^ eS irpoaBpapLTf^^^ irp^ to aropM' Buuco- 

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7ERBS IN fiu 139 

voOfiep vvv ya/iov^^. rh Ovfia^ fiovs:^* o BcSov^^ 
iiriJMvri^^, hrufMv^ S' 6 'Ka/xl3dva)v^* rovrmv 71/- 
vauci^ €ur Upeuu ry Oe^' Kopv/Smrre^^, av\oi, 
iravwxd^f dvaarpo^T]^* iwirohpofw^^ oJno^ iarl 
am pL(Vf€ipi/efj^. lUiivqo'o" icdi ah tovto, 

§ 137. OvSh y\Vfcvt€p6p ioTip ^ miarf eM- 
vol. — "OaUv^ itm riaf hrtbina nroKefuov afvlfye- 
a-Oau — Avo'fiop<f>o^ etrjv* iaSXKov tj Kcut/fyopo^. — 
"la^iep fiS? ol AoK^cufiovifov /SaatKek ^HpakKiot^ 
l/cyovov ^aav, — Xprj/iAra^p* ovk &p irpuuo^ ap€- 
TfjfP kuI ffemfcuovqra, — *Eai^ ^ ^CKofiaBrfiy &•€* 
TToXvfutO^^, -^ 'O flip ri okop €li^ ethelrf &p Kai 
r6 fiipo^' oi a fAOPoi/ t6 fUpo^ elBare^ ovKiti Moi* 
rb i\op taaa-i. -* Evt^cSp* fiip fitj la6i iitep^^* 
po^, djTop&P 8k firj Tcnrecpov. — T^ fJisTo^oXd^ t^ 
tv)(7)^ yewalto^ hrUrrcuro ^peip. — Et tcai fJULprv- 
percu fi l^v^l iral^etp rh r&p dp&pdvmp irparffJMra, 
ical ofAoKoyet p/qhhf avr&p etpcu fii^awv, iftc^ ol 
TToXXol dpiydPTcu ttKovtov, tuu irepilaat fMearol ov 
^i/yvofiipoDP^ IXtt^i/. — 05to9, Hcnrep d^^, i* 
(xBiei, fiixP^ ^^ ^^^ '^^^» ^ XdOrj^ Siapparfek^' roi* 
wr^^ Sj(€i rafiutop^^f Satrrrep ottclai;, — Uplrtp avpi- 
^ev^^ ij Tvy^ fjLe <l>iKo<r6if>cp, irdfyttn^^ ^xovtc, koI 
tplfitiiva, tcaX yJrfov' eh Trpohrrop ifKOop^^ ifAire" 
aovaa'* ft) mmSp* avB' SS*"* iSISov ydp' et rt ^ aU 
Toifi/qPy €<f>7j OVK drfoBbp dpoi rdpytjpiop^*. " TEot©** 
tcoKop' Bid rovTo B69 /HOC, pi^opr ov/c iireWero, — 
n/yiwrXiy*" en) fikp ifiol, aol S' iyo^ Swa^ inelv*^. — » 
Ka/roi tI (jyrjP'h ^^^ '^^ hpap ^ovKevofiaip irpoiov^ 

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140 VERBS IN fiu 

airievai^ rbv arfaTnjrov BeoTroTtiVf top T/oo^ea, top 
aa)TT]pa, Bt vv eyvtov^ vofiov^; "EWiyi^a?'', Cfiaffov^* 
ypdfifiaTj ifit/i]0i]v^ 6eoi9* 

§ 138. . B&9 Trapova-f]^ ovSev layyev vofio^. — 
Mi/jLvrjao veo<: wv, m yipoov eaec ttotL — 'O iXi- 
^9 fCdOevSei 6p0o<rrdBrjv' KarcucKidfivai ^ yap ' koX 
i^avaoTTJvai^ ipyojSe^ avr^, — Koi5^a)9 ipipew Set 
ra^ TrapeoTooaa^^ Tuj(a^, — Ovk iir ipyaala xal 
XPVH^'T^H^ 'n-poairiov* T0I9 Koivol^, — O4 hpa- 
KovT€^ teal ai y\avKe<; dpiKCivro t§ *A6rjp^, y\ax^ 
KonriSt ov<r7)\ — "MrjBipa fcaipop, c3 peapla-xoi, 'rrap- 
iere, eiSorev* aXiy^^9 op^, o Aiyet 6 KgSo9 laTp6^\ 
c59 apa fipajfy^ fikp 6 ^io^, fuifcpd Sk fj rkyvq. — 
TlipZapo<; 6 7roir)Trj<; iptorrjdek, Bid rl fiekfj ypdxfxDP^ 
oBeip OVK eTrlararai' " Kal yap ol painnjyol,** e^, 
** TPrjBdXui TTOLOvPTe^ fcvfieppdp ovk laaai^ — ToKfia 
Tt, KipBvpev€, Trparr', dirorvy^ape, iirlrvx^^' 'rrdpra 
fjbSXXop fj aavTOp irpoov^. — BaO, /8ai), Kwof; ^o)- 
pfjp te/9". — Jlap l&vK7i£lS7) Tt9 dp^dfievo^ 7€G)/Ae- 
rpecp (09 TO irpcoTOP dedprjfjba efiadep^^, rjpero^^ top 
l&vK\eiBffPy "T/ Bi fu)t TrXiop earcu^ ravra fiap^ 
OdpopTi]^ KoX 6 lEvKXeiSr]^ top iralBa KtCKeaa^y 
" A09," €<fyrj, *' avT^ Tpiw^oXop, iireiBrj Set atJr^" 
ef wp fiapOdpu K€pBaiP€ipJ* — 'M.epoA'XjJLOP top 
yeafiiTprjp ^AXi^apBpo<; tj^iov avPTOfuo^ avr^ wa- 
paZovpai TTJp yecofierpiap' 6 Se, "'fl ^SflMrtXei)/' 
elire, " KaTa fiep ttjp x^P^^ ^^^ eUrtp iSuamKaX 
Kal ^aaiXtKai, ip 8k Ty y€ci>fi€Tplf iraalp ioTiP 

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VERBS IN fu. HI 

§ 139. Mti/ft)9 iv '^AiBov^ eTrl dpovov rtvo^ vyjrrj* 
\ov ixadrfTo' TrapeiaTrjKeaap^ Be avr^ Hoivai, koX 
^AXdarope^ Kal ^Epivve^. — 'ETretSi) Tet/^ecrtW vir 
*A07jvd<: iTV(l>\(i0rj, ^api/cXw eBelro aiJr^?, dwoKa- 
TaaTrj(rac avrm ttoKcv to? o^jrec^* ov BvpafiivT) B^ 
TOVTO 7roc7](rai, to? axoas ButKaOrjpaaa^ iraaav op- 
vi6(ov (fxojnjp hroiqae trvviivai, xal aKrJTrrpov avr^ 
eBayfcev, o <f>€pa)v ofwia)^ rov; fikeTrovatv^ i^dBc^ev. 
— 'Eai/ del fivq^wveuayf;, ori, ai!^ ipyd^et Kara 'sfrv* 
XW V <^<S/'ta ^€09 TrapioTTjKev €<f>opo^^ iv irda-ac^ 
irpd^eaiv ov /jltj^ dfiapry^''^ 6fet9 Be rbv 0eov avvoi" 
Kov. — T/, cS TaXa9, eavqKw; ere 7rpo9 Ta*9 Ovpat^ 
TO i^oprlov 6ek^; aiTOKOvpov^, adXiov, a')(p'qaTov eU 
rfjv olxlav etkfj^afiev^^, — ^Afi(f>oBov^^ ^XP^^ clvt^ 
reOeladai rovvofia^^, — Kal riBel Xeyeiv eff*^^ r}p,d<i 
roif^ rd ov^^* eKaoTore iv rol^ avpv)(pi^ ircoKovv- 
Ta?^*, 6t KaTcoOe fiev rd aicKrjpd Kal fio^P'ripd rcov 
ovKcov aei redea&LV, €7r*7ro\^9 Bk ireirova koI /ca\d» 

*/l*lfl ' N 17 »/Ck ' ^'IT'/ ''18 

€Lu. o fiev eocoKev o)? touivt oovovfjuevo^ Tip/qv y 
ey/caYOi to xepfi et9 ttjv ypauov epiv airer 
BoTo^ avKU TrayXecv 6fivv(0Vp 

§ 140. ^^paicKr)^ ')(etpcoa'dfievo<i rov KiOaLpd- 
veiov Xeovra, ttjv fiev Bopdv rj/jL^ceaaro^f tm Be 
^do-puTL ixpW^T^ fc6pv0c\ — ^EpiydovLo^ /8ao-t- 
'Keuwv ^Adrjv&v to ev ry dapoTrokei ^oavov ttj^ ^Adrj^ 
va<; ISpva-aTO, koI tcov TLavaO'qvaUov rfju eopryv avp' 
earijaaro, iarepov Be ev^ T0Z9 aa-Tpoc^; redeh 6* 97- 
vloxp^i eyevero, on 7rpooTO<i 27r7rou9 e^ev^ep^ — 11 /t- 
Ta/co9 6 Min-iKrjvalwp Tvpappo<; *A7^alop top Trotij- 

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142 7ERBS IN fu. 

rrjv, Sea r&v nroiTjiidrfov irucporara^ airrhv XeXot- 
Boprjfcora, Xa^dv^ VTro^eipu^v axf>rJK€v^, hn<f)6e^^a* 
fiepo^ CO? " a-irfYvdfiij rifKOfna^ aiperayrepCL* '— Sra- 
y€(,p€ircop vofuy; ovto^ #cal* Trdvrrj ^^XKrfvuc&i. " '^O 
fifj KariOov" <^al, '' /jufj \a/A^€M/€." — *H^ yap av 
rjfjbipa ywfj TrpoBip rb awfia icaX rfjv rd^tv X/ttj;" 
T^9 alBov<;, €v0€a><; TrapaXKarrec r&v (f)pev&v, &ot€ 
vofil^etv Toif^ fihf olKelov^ €')(dpov^, tov<; Be dWo'^ 
rpiov^ irurrov^, irepl Sk rwv KaXoov Kal ala'xp&v 
ivavrlav ex^iv rrjv yvwfiriv, — Kal i^€\dov<ra^^ tj 
TratBta/crj r^v Bvpav cwoifypvcLv. — A. *E^€\g) yeoop^ 
yeiv. B. lEXra rk ere KcciKuei; A. ^T/ieJr cttcI 
BiBoo/jbt ^tXia^ Bpa'xjiid^, idv p^e r&v dp^wv d(f>rJT€. 
B. A€j(pp,e0a' Bur^lXiat yap elav <tvv ral<i "NikIov^. 
' — Kal /Ai)i/ TToOeif TLXovTOiv y dv dvop^d^ero, el prj 
rd /Sikrcar }^\a')(€v^; h/ Be aot ^pdaco, 2{r«" rd 
Kdr(o Kpelrro) ^arlv^ £v^^ 6 Zeif^ ex^t. orav ydp 
iara^^'^, rod tclKAvtov t6 peirov Karto ^oBi^ec, rb Bb 
tcevbv 7r/)09 rov Ala. 

§ 141. Kvpo^ alBov<; everrip/irkaro^y &<rre Kal 
epvdpaiveaOaij cirore amnvyxdvou roh irpea^uTe- 
poi^. — ^ AvarfKalov e<mv eKda-rt) iroKei, e)(eiv rbv* 
trpovoovp^evov ainrj^, KChl tovtov* p^dXtara airoV" 
Balov dvev ydp rovrov ovk dv Bvvairo avoTrjvat. — 
XaXcTTOP ioTC, iroXXoov ir pored evrmv^ alpecaOat ro 
dptarov, -^— OvBev irap dvQpmrovi ovre icaKov ovre 
drfadov earrjKviav e^ei rrjv rd^iv, t^9 rv^rj^ wawep 
€7rln]Be<: irdvra p^eraKVvovarj^, — Klp^v 6 'Aft;- 
vaXo^ ev T0Z9 dypol<; koX toa9 /ctJttok; ovBeva rov 

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VERBS IN fn. 143 

icapTTov leaOioTTj (fyvKoKo, ottq)? ol ^ov\6jjl€voc t&v 
voKt/r&p eunwre^ mtopl^oivTO Koi Xafi^opoieVf e^ 
Tti/09 BeoiVTO r&v^ iv toi^ ^©pwt?. 'Etto&a Bk leciX 
toOto* 7roXXcMct9* mire r&v ttoXlt&v rtva iSoi' 
KaKm i^fuf>t€afiivoVy iKeKevep^ avr^ fji€TafjL(f>UvW'f 
aOac r&v veavUrKoav riva r&v awa/coT^vOovprcop 
avT^. — "Aye pvp to9 dfivyBaXaf: Xafiwp raa-Bl 
icdra^ov^ ry Ke^xiKy aavrov 7dd(p^^, — "Iva fJi»rj 
Kararf^^;^ ro <TKa^i>op^ Trkrjyeh^ ^Xo). — 'fl? (nrXfj- 
PLOP 7rpo9 %\ko^ olxeloo^ reffep rljp ^XeyfMpyfP errav^ 
crei/" ovToo xal^ \6709 evKatpo^ efc rd <nrkdrf)(pn 
scoWffffcl^ <f>l\top €ir^x/)(iap irapea^^ r^ \u7r0u- 
fiipcp, — A. 'Ev i<rqt 8' oKpoSfxal aov, KiXewrop 
fwirtva <l>4p€ip diropi^curOai^*. B. Aoroi t*9 Srfp" 
SiSiop Kai (Tfirjfia, — 01 Kara 'xdcpo^ 0€ol Xafieip^ 
dfielpov^ elalp fj /jbeffiepai. — "K^aurre, aol Bi XP'I 
fiiXeip emaroXd: 09 (roi 'rrarffp i^lro^* — • EiJ6c*9 ; 



§ 142. Tt9 ovK dp Oavfidaeie^ rrjp dperrjv roip 
fierd AeapiBov^ ^irapnaT&p, oXrvp&i fiiq, yvsifitf 
XpV^dfjL€Poc rtjp fi€P dffxupKTfiiprjp rd^cp inro t^9 
'EWaSo9' OVK eTuirop, top kavT&p Bk ^iop irpodv- 
fuo^ iiriBoaap eh rrjp kocv^p t&p 'EWtJi/coi/ o-g)- 
njpiap; — 'O fiep to aoifia^ KaKm Buucelfiepo^ 
ULTpov Belrai, 6 Be rrjp y^irxr/v^ ^tKoxr evvov<; yap 
^/\o9 XuTTiffP irriararM depairevetp. — "Apyo^ 6 
^Kyfjvopo^ inrep^dk'KoDP Bvvdfjbei, ravpop rrfp ^ApKd- 
Biap XvfKUPOfjievop aTro/erelpa^, r^p rovrov Bopdp 
rni<f}daaro. — MijSeta ^Idcopi i^dppMKOP eBaxep, 

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144 VERBS IN ,11. 

o5* ^evyvvvac fieWovra' Toif<; yoKjcoTroZa^ ravpov^ 
iKekevare ^urcu t^v re dcnrlha koX rh a&fia, — - 
"Aihov TTpov/ceiTo ^ ^Ax^povcia Xt/Ai/17, irpdn-rj^ Se^^o- 
/iez/97 T0V9 airavr&vrm, fjv om fjv^ hunrKj^acu avev 
Tov 7rop0/M€(o^^^' Wev iriOeaap'^EXXrfve^ iv t© oto- 
fjLOTC rmv airoTedvriKOTCov^ ofidXov, vavXov Xop©- 
j/09. — TEXa^oi/" y€v6fjb€P0<;^ oi^* to irpdyfi rifioin 
y<jero^, Kara x^ipo'i ihodrf rrjv rpdire^av ^k^* ^(op, 
iif) fj<; hriKeiT ov TVpo<: ouS' i\xi&p yevrj, ovSk irape-^ 
ypvGai Kvlaav Tjfuv iriova irapo^lZe^ fcal \7Jpo<i^, 
dXXd iraperidr) inrepq^dvo)^ h^ovaa rwv 'D,p&p^ 
XoTra?, TO TOV itoXjov tov Trapri^ rjfiLa^alpLOp^^' o- 
irapT €prjp raKct yap €P ravTj) xaXa, t>x"^^9 
epujyoi, hierpexe toutg)!/** aKopirio^^, v7ri<f>aiP€P^ 
^p rjfiirofia rov^ atrrepa^. eir€fiaKKofiep to/; ^eZ- 
pa9' o fi€P ifiol XaXoH/ afia Kol Buipevayp 'q<rxp\ecTOj 
wa9 arycop eir cfie Konjvra to Trepa? ovk aprjx 
60)9 rrjp \o7raS' opvTToyp airoiehevxP' KoaKivop^. — • 
'Ey© yap, toTO)^ Z€V9 6 irdpff* op&p del, ovr op 
ctayinja'at/JLt, t^p drrjp op&p arelxovaap darrol^ dprl 
T7J<; a'Q)Tr)pui<;, ovt ap <f)l\op^^ iror apBpa Bvafiepr} 
xOopo^ deifjbrjp ifiavrw, 

§ 143. K{;/)09 pewrepo^ rfjp eavrov Bvpa/iip 
ddpoLa'a<i €t9 ^dpBec^;, AvSmi9 fiep icai ^pxryia^ xaT- 
iaTfja-ep iirifiekrjrdf; Uepaa^ iavrov avyyepel^, 
^Itopla^ Be Kal t^9 Aa)XtSo9 Tafioo, <f>i\op opra 7rt- 
OTOp' avro^ Be irporjyep 0)9 cVl* t^9 KiXiKia^ /cal 
IlwrtStW, BuiBLBoif<i \oyop, ore TLPe<; rwp ixel /car- 
oiKovPToyp d^a-Ti^Kaa-ip. — - K.vpo<i 6 TLepa&p fior 

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VJ^RBS IN lix. \ 145 

d-tXcv?, €7rl ripfULTv eSi^ rov jSloVy tt/oo^ t6u9 ircuBa^ 
€<l>f)* "To ifiov a&fjMy w iraZheiy irav rcXcvnJo'a), 
fii]Te iv Xpvo-^ ^^T€ /aiJt€ €v apyvpq) firire iv SKKip 
fiffSepi^j dXX €$9 ra')(yTTa^ t§ 7^ aTToSorc. T/ yap 
jjuiKapuiTepov rj to y^ P'f%6rjvai,^» rj ircana fiev ra 
KoKoy ircana he rayada <^v€v koX Tpi<l>€& ; '£7<ia Si 
xal aXXa>9 <f>iKav0poy!ro^ iyevop/rjv, leal vvv '^hrn^ 
au fJLOt BoKoi^ KoivcavrjaoA rov evepyerovvro^^ av^ 
Opciiroi^.^* — navaaaff^j avatcre^ • Kacplav S* vfiip 
PP& Tiyj/S' itc So/juov areixpvaav ^lofcdavrjv, fMcff^ ^9 
TO vvp irapeoTO^^ veuco^ ei 6ia$M ypewv^^. — A. 
lEp/MOPy rl eoTi, irw^ ^o/ttei/"; B. T/ S' a\Xo y 
^" 6 warfjp avtoOev eU rh ^piap, ifiol So/ceJi/", 
&(nrep rov olvov rov 0ipov^^\ KaOelxi fM€. -^ Bov- 
X€t r^vBe coi TrXe/crfjv Kod&^y Kaireir^^ dveXxvato^'' 
ae. — ' OvBefilav 17 ypav^ 2\a>9 KxiKuca waprj/cevy 
aXXd rriveu rfpf scixXtp^ — 'Ea<ra^'** oStcd^ eS? 
€%€*"• TO irvp fiovop iromre roi<: orrrohTi, fitfr 
dvetfiipov, rb yap roiovr ovk oitrov oXX.' e^w* 
iroieV firir o^, KaroKoei, yctp 2ar'" av efc* 'Kafij^^ 
rovro iraKiVf ek rijv adpxa S* ovk ivBverat* 

IRREOULAB VERBS. 

§ 144. Taj)TA ISofe t^ ^itreiy irainfo^ anro* 
BvrfaKeiv (kiravra^^ Hare j(p^ ififjbipeip r^ v6p^ 
teal fiff dvuurOai T0J5 rerar/fiepoi^^ — • T/9 oi!to>9 
iarl Sv<rrv)(^<;^ &rri9 irarplSa iveica Kephom fipar' 
X^09 irpoicdaif fiovKqcercu ; — T^ ap ^fty* Tav- 

10 

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146 IRREGULAR VERBS. 

ra yepiaffai ; — 'O a-lSfjpd^ hrl kcuc^ r&v avOptb^ 
TT&P ebfnfroi. — C^h i^afiapreiv ravrov* ovtc av- 

ihrepoimK^ rivt ioiKA^. — E? ri<; rwi iTrupope- 
urara^ alpierei^ r&v <l>iXoa6^a)v oKpi/Sch i^d^oi, 
irXeiaTOP caov^ evpijaet Suuf^epovaa^* oKKi^Xiov. -^ 
Tfjv r&v KparoivT<ov fidBe ^pe^v i^vtrlav. — " A/- 
ia^ov Kol^ ifiif^ €(f)ff o ^^tcparfj^, *^ (3 ^tXe £u- 
fiw^pw, Xva ao^repo^ ^poDfuii^' hnOvjji/rjTrfi r^ap 
elfn T^9 0^9 (To<l>ia^y tccti irpoaexfo rou vow avr0, 
-SxTre ov ;^a/Lta/ ttotc TreercSrat*, OyTi av etWiy^.** 
Kal o ISafdv^pfdVy ''TIai/v tecCKw^^^ e^> ^^& Sci- 
Kpare^, evevirqea^, 8 elirovy — 'Ael yea^py^ eh 
vitora TrXovcrto?" — ^Avriadivrj^ irph^ p^etpwciov 
Tt, /UXKop ^oirav oirrA leai frv06p>€vov^\ rlpt»p^ 
tLVT^ Bel", **lRifikMplovr €<l>r], ** Kcupov KciL ypa^ 
4>€l<n} Kavvov Ka\ iripcuaBlov Kaivodr tov vovv irap^ 
€fKl>alveav^. — ^Kpa^arfopa<; iporrrfffek ircire, ek 
t/ yeyepTfrai^, "Et9 demplaPy* etfyrj^ "fjklov zeal ere* 
\17M79 zeal ovpapov^ — Arffii^Tpu)^ ^aXrjpe^ rovi 
peov^ 4<l>rj Betv iirl fikv rf}^ oucla^ tow yovea^ o^- 
Beladcu, ip Bk rdk 6Bol<: rov^ cnrapT&pra^, ip Bk 
rak iprjjAiai^ eaurov^.- — KaTOfp 6 irpea^vrepo^ 
€<l>tj fiovkea-dcu fMXXov evepyenjacb^^* fitf KOfiura- 
affat x^P^^» V A*V vtroa^elv^ KoKaaiv dBi/crjaci^^\ 
ieal m-daiv del roZ? dfiaprdvovai, ^(foph eavrou Bov- 
p(u^ avyypdfifjv, Uapopji&v Be rad^ apj(pvTa^ i^ 
m-iTifrnv roh dfiaprdvovaiv, eXeyc, roi^ Bwafiivov<i 
KtoKveiv roif^ kokA^ *!ro^)vvra^, idv p/rj leoiiKuwri,, 
futtakeXeveiv. %rpamtornjiv K Skeye pdaelv, S9 ev 

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IRREGUZAB VERBS. 147 

r& irepiirarew to? x^Apa^:, h hi t& pLeuxj^trBat rov? 

raTueiSa^, aot^iarov fjUWovro^^ dvarfuyvcoo-Keiv iy- 
KdfJLCov 'HpcucXeov^, e^r^^ " Tt? yap^avrhv '^^eyet y -r- 
'A\€fai/Spo9 diroOvr/a-Koyv irph^ rov<i eraipov^ diri" 
hdiv^y €<fyri, '^Meyav op& fAOV top einTdff>vov^ id" 
li^vov^ — ^Avriyovo^^ ^ApioToSriiiov r&u ^nKoav 
Tti/09 €K fjLor/eipov yeyovevcu Sokovpto<:^, avfi^ov- 
XevovTo^ Sk avT^ r&v dvcCKtofidrcav koI t&v Bcopeci^ 
dfJHiipetv, " Ol \6yoL aov^^ elirev, " cS ^ApKrvjoh^ffie, 
Trepi^dfJuiTO^^ o^ov<nv,^* 

§ 146. OvBev idiXet^ clireip, oiroiov av fioi dpi* 
€rei€v. — UdKcu hi&pfwarat,^, rd^ r&v fiporr&v ti5- 
ya^ /Ai) l3€l3aiov<; elv<u. — ^porniavv daK&v d<f>poaip 
fifj xp^ ^fcXo«9, iirel^ iccKXijaet* xal av nravreh^ 
axfypayp. — 'T^' 'Epfiov Xeyerai rd ypafifutra ev- 
peOrjpat, — Se/0^9 top 'E\\i]a7rovTOP e^ev^e ical 
TOP "Adm SiAaKay^ep. — Ol AiJSa? TraXSe? KdoTcap 
KoL Xl6koh€VK7i<; hcd Trjp dvhpelap itcKtfdrjarap dii^>o- 
repot Aioa/eovpoi, — Kpolao^ iirl Kvpop [UXKmp 
frrpareieadai, eircfi'^^ eh ^irdpTfjp drfyiX^v^^ &- 
rjaofjuipov^^ cvfifiaxi^^^' — ^epefc68ry$ ical 'Zifitopl^ 
&79 (f>aa'LP, (B9 ^ Mi^heta dpe^trcura rhp ^Idaopfi 
veop TTOiTjireiep, — To Opiy^cu 8' ip ^porottTi, m'okr 
Xa/ct9 TrXewo fropl^ei (f)i\Tpa roS* ^(r£U re/fpa* — ^ 
'AXX' ala-'xphp^ elireip koX <nwwrjaak j3apA — 'O 8* 
apri OdXKcop acofjia^ StOTrer^ &7r6)9* d(r7fjpy dirir 
0*^77", TTPevfi o^ek €9 aWepa. — N0/A09' t6p ^X^.P^^^ 
SpoPj OTTov "kdfiri^j Katc&i, — 0/ yap ttSpoi riKtovai 

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148 IMREOULAJR 7ERBS. 

rffv evavSplav, rj 8' evKa^eia o-kotov €)(€^ leaff^ 'EX- 
' XdBa, TO Biafiicivdv^ /jlovov del drfpcofiivfi. — AiaZ, 
ToS* ^&7** Oeiov dvdpchrot^ Kate6p, irrav ri^ elS^^ 
rdryaOov^, XPVrai Be fiij, — Xcopei S mlato rd fiev 
iK yala^ ^vvt eh yalav, rd S* d'lr aWeplov ^Xor- 
arovra yoin}^ eh ovpdviov iroKov fjXJBe^'' iroKiir Ovri^ 
a-ieei S' ovSep r'&v yir/vofievcop, SutKpivo/ievov S* aXXo 
nrpof; aXKov fAop^fjv ISiav dfireSev^e^''. — Xdptv Xa- 
fidv fiifivrjao fcal Soif^ eirCKaJBov* — Xaipovrcop^^ 
TTOpou — JlpoaeiTrirco^ Tipd (l>iXiKoi^ t je dp^o^p 
leal 6 iZvdyrT)^* ep rointp rrjp iroripov Trpoaprjacp 
/idXKop ev^paipetv rhp aKovaapra pofil^et^ ; — Jlvp- 
po9, eirel avfi^oKoop^ ^Vtofiam^ 8I9 evucrfae, woX- 
Xov^ r&p ^iKoDp /cal rap rjyefiopcop dm'oXeca^*^^ 
***Az/" €Ti fMULP,^^ ejyn, ^^ M'^X'^^^ *Vo)fiaLov<: r^/ci}- 
a<o/i€P, diroXtoka^iev^r — Ti fihf at/yrjdkp e^ecTrelp 
f>aS^)P^, rb Be prjOep^ dpaXafielp oBvparop^. — 'H 
MvTiXriprf iirh r&p ^KdrjpaUop avrofioel edXcaxep^. 
— 'O Xarym aXdaejai^ koI dpev t&p Bi/ctvcdp, — 
Mdp7)(:^ o5to9 dp^p ^p ^oop irore* pvp Be TeOprjtco^^ 
taop Aapelfjp r^ fieydX^ Bvparcu. — 'ISXirk, xal cVy 
Hvx^y /*^« X«V^^"' '^^ \ifiip^ evpop^' ovBkp ifwl 
yypZp^' Trai^ere tou9 /a€t' ifU. — ''Ipa l^vp&avp^ 
^ep riBetrOop fiUp cKcoKriKa^ iadiopre, — Ovk eV^ 
Xa^wp^ Ovpa^e rd '^^urfiOTa koI ttjp dpdr/icT)p^ 
eh Kopcuca^" iprevdepi; — 'EttI"* t^ Ttipix€C rhp 
yiKmra KariBofiai,^^ — Ai0o<: t*9 w^tjaep^ reOv* 
fuafiepo^* 

§ 146. *Ay^p TToPTjpb^ opyjfi^ rv)(wp ovk eXwde 

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IRREGULAR VERBS. 149 

4f>ip€iv rfjv evTVX^^ ^^'^ avdpcoTTOv^, — ^AirSXXav 
evper^ y€p6fi€vo<; rov t6|6v, iSlSa^e rov^ dvOpto^ 
7rou9 Ta' wepl rfjv ro^i^/ajv, — Xe/X^i/ a^iKoiieiny; 
€& AeX^o^ eireypw^ev eirl riva Klcva rov veto' 
" ri/cStft' aeavrov:" — TvSeb^ hrl Bq^m fier 'ASpo- 
OTov arparevfrafievo^, virh ^eXavlmrov rpaaOel^ 
chri0av€v\ — 'O eTrtet/o)? avfjp rb reOvavai^ ov Sei- 
vhv rfffitrerai. — Ovk ecrrti/* ehretv ^&vra^' rovr 
ov ireiaoiuu\ — Aiovva-io^ 6 rvpawo^ etcireariiv* rrj^ 
ap^<;, €? T69 avrhv fjvla^^ iv KoplvOqt SiarpljSovra, 
iiriKeyev* " *il9 fjLOKopioi ol ix iralScop^ Svarvx^U*** 
— 4>tXo^o9 o Kv0ripu>^ Sui^vycov^* ra^ Xarofilm^ 
eh as avrbv Atovvtrios 6 rvpawos iv6/3a\ev ovk 
eircuvovvra^^ to? rparftphlm avrov, 8tirpi/3ev iv 
KporoDV^ rfjs ^IroKlas' wvOofievo^ 8k 6 Atovvcios 
rjl^lov avrov ek ^vpa/eoiaas irapayisviaOai* 6 Se 
irpos ravra Xafidov j3ifiXlov xaX ypa^s /iiKpbv 
00" irepl rovrov fieC^ova irepiexaparrev Hare rh 
^yCi/jLa roiovrov yeveaOcu @, Kal TrXiJcxa? rovroov^ 
irav rh /3ifiXlov eire/j,'^^, ifij>alv(av 2t6 iroTCKcucis 
Kiii, <T<f>6Zpa dpv€trat^\ Wev hrV^ r&v a'(f>6Spa apvov* 
lUvcuv irapoi/ila^ rb ^iXo^ivov ov. — Aioyivrjs 
a Xivayrreifs eXeyev, ori to? i/c rrjs rpary^uis dpas 
avros iicirXripol koX inrofikvei, elvai^ yap 
irXavr}Sf aoiKos, irarpCSos ioTeprj/jLevos^ 
wra>xoSi Bvcelfuov, fiiov iyi^v i^fxepov, 
Kal iirl rovrois fiiya i(f>p6v€L ovSkv ffrrov fj *A- 
7U^avhpo<; eirl ry rijs oiKovfLivry; dpj(^, Zt6 /«al" 
^IvBoifS eXcSi/" e*9 Baj3vX£va xnricrpe^ev* 

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150 IRREGULAR TMRBS. 

§ 14y. Koi/ttii; 6 *K6rivaSo^ xrrpavqy&v fia* 
<TiKet^^ Karepav/ia'Xfja'e Aa/ceBaifioplov^, Kal tow 
opfMHTTcti^ i^Xaaev ifc r&v vqa-onv. — O* /uueoSal-' 
fMOP€<: wxpoi eltriv iirb <f>povrlhoi>v^ koX rh a&fia 
KareaKXrjKOTe^*. — El iOeXji^aeia^ &^aa6cu rrj^ 
ff>bKocro^lm» Sylr€i* iv fipaxct, icrov huiUrei^^ r&v 
aXXoDv. — ^iicaui Spaaa^ trv/Mfiaxov revfei* 0€ov. 

— 'HA/ AeX^t? irpopuim^t hrel irioi tov iepov 
vafiaro<;\ €v6eo<; evOis: iyiveTo Kal €j(prfa'€ Tofe 
TTpoatovo'iv, — Oi Tl€\o7rovpi]a'ioi BpcurlBav rhv 
trrparfiyoVf iir * Kfiff>vir{ikei, ireaovra, apavre^ iK t^9 
fiA)(r)^ ^"1 efiirvovv iKOfiurav eU Trjv nroKiv. koI 
alaOdfiepo^f irt viKwcriv'' oi fier avroS', ov iro\i> 
StaXiiro^p ireKevrriaev, — Jlevdelv hi fierpio)^ tov? 
irpaofiKovraf; ^/Xoj/*' ov ^ap r€0paaiv^\ aXKa rfjv 
avTi}P oBov^f ^v iraaip iX,0€W lor'" dvofyKaiay; 
iXP^^9 '"'poehriKuOcuTLV' elra ;^^t?" iarepov efc 
TavTo" Karar/aryetop adroU ifj^ojiep, Kovpy top oK- 
Xop ovpSutTpt^opre^ ypopop, — Ki/o-ov" fie koX 
rfjp %6i/)a hh^ rfjp Se^iap. — "TEoo-oi/, cS Bcufippie^''^ 
tcaToiapdeip^^ rl fie. — ^'Oor*? ^ap aino^ airrhv 
cfifK aUrxvpeTOL avpevtoff^ avr^ (l>av\a hunreirparf'^ 
fihfp^f ir&^ TOP ye firfiep elZoT^ ai(Tx^iw0riaeT(U^ ; 

— ^eipop ye rois fiep Svcraefiet^ kcuc&p anro^ 
fiKaaropra^, elrd^ rovaBe fikp irpaaaetp KcCKjokj 
T0V9 S* ivra^ iaffKoif^ e/e re yeppauop afia yeyS- 
TO?* elra*^ St/orv^efe ire<l>v/cipai. ov XP^^ '^°^ 
otrro) Salfiopa^ dpfjTWP iripi^ irpaatreLP* ixPV^ 7^P 
Toi)9 /*€!/ evcr€J3€l^ PpoT&p Sx^iP T* xipSo^ ifi^ph 
0€&p TTcipa^, Toi^ S* 0PTa<: dBucov^ TOurSe ttjp ipap^ 

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IRREGULAR VERBS. 151 

rianf Bucfjp kok&p Thfjuopbp ifji^vfj rlvei^. /couSet^'* 
av fnrrm €VTxr)(ei, kcucv; ^erfw;^. — ^optlre^ fAcur"' 
aenk t*9, iyxelro} fiaffihf Kparrip^' W avffp^ ov 
wpiip cof ^offQ^ K(iKw^ ifAOM^ tc(d fiov^ ipydTff^^ 
e/yyoferat", — Aioyivfj^ 6 Kmbp*^ irp^ rhv eiirovra, 
*^ 'Ziptiyjr€U aov^ ifwyijp ifc Tl6pTop KareYP^aap^ 
** 'Eyc^ Se," ehrePf " ifceiptop iv Hapr^ yuopr\p^r 

§ 148. Kaico!9 ofuk&p avrb^ iKfitiaei} tca$c6^. 
— Ti KoXop iU ^Oep* ovSev ffkdmTei. — *AvaX- 
717T09 6 doparo^ 6 irpip ho^cu* avfifia^, — Kar<i 
rhp TleXxyn-opprfO'taKOP iroKeiiop 'iAvrCKijvfit iriXi^ 
TTfi Aiafioth vw "Adffpaiiop iaKa\ — T6 vadetp^ 
'rrpocSoKcuf rov tren-opdivoL* t€i,pirrepop* — Af;/io- 
4T&epri^ elirep hf Xoyip ripl' ** T^ ovte olBep^ Ure rot^ 
fikp ^<oia'Uf iircurw VTrearl r«9 ff wKeuop tj ikdrr^iP 
(f>06po^, T0V9 Bi reOpecha^* ovSe t&p iyOp&p ov^W 
h'i fuael'^ — IIoXXcSv htope&p d^ic^Oeh 6 Sefiitrro* 
icXSj^, Kol To/xP ''f^vaut^ yepofiepo^j irpo^ rois ircA^ 
ha^ iifjff, *^^Q, wdiBe^, airfoK^xed^^ ap, el firj oTreoXco- 
Xeifiep^^* — ^Opa% rvpdppov^ Sict. fuucprnp fji^iii^ 
pov%^^ m^ fjUKpci^^ tA cr<l>aKKoPTa, /eai fiC^ fjfiepa 
TOP fihf fcaffeiXep^ vy^60€Pj rhp S' ^p'" opw. viro- 
«Tepo9" S* 6 irXovTO^' oU yctp ^" irore, i^ ikiriBap 
viTTTOPTO^ vTrriov^ opA — T* rov^ OopiantK ovk 
ia^ T€0PfifC€P€Uy icai raicyyOhna^ a-vXkiyei^ aX^jf- 
fiara; — TeOpaai^ ira«8£9 ovk ifiol fjwptf Ppor&p^ 
ovS dpSpii itrrepiifjLeff", dWct fivpuic top ovtop 
€^PT\9f<rap w iyto filop, — OtJ hucaJjoa^^ tjp 0cam^ 
Oupwiieda. — "loTCtf" S* a^pwv Sp, oort? ar^fcpo^ 

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152 IRREGULAR VERBS: 

&v rh TTplv wa&ov; Ovpalov^ €t? S6pu)v^ i/en^o'aTd, 
TTflf fioipav ek ro firj ype^v irapatrrpe^v^ • ^ ^ap 
Oeifi BiBaxTi fifj ^vvai,^ riicva^ ov yptf ^yKoKeurOai^ 
TTp^ TO OetoVf a\X* idv, — Et 8' ^ada firj Kojcurro^f 
oiiroT av iroKiv rrjv <rrjv arCl^dav TrfvS av evXoyet? 
hrqrpav^. — 'E7© Se 7' ifAos irpocBoKwa** ^PV' 
rf6pri^.Tfjv vvKTa iraaav, — • Kal ircaro rdKcuirdpo)^ 
eytoy^f c5 ^tXraTfly, iKSpacra^ wapiSw". — 'AXX' 
ir/Kovrnfiep' rov tottov ycip iyyv^ ia-fiev ^817 Wevnep 
€A9 ifCKkrjO'Lav wpjAWfieff^^ rjviic ^fiev\ 

§ 149. To?9 avfj^opa^ nraBovat, <Tvva')(0ea0^ 
a6fi€0cL — IStl, a T§ iroket avfJL^pei^, X(»ph Koka- 
Keim iOeX'^aere ojcoveivj Iroifio^ elfn \iyeip, — 
'AXayr^ yiyverai, ejrifieXeia koI irovtp aircarra. — 
KXavSio^ 6 ^VtofMiUov avTOKpartap fiifcrfra^ irejxtp^ 
fiaKevfievov^ <f>ar/(ov* diriOavev, — A^ova^ ^rijMH 
a-Oeprjv t6v fyfiropa^ It* viov ovra^ eU (nr^Xaiop 
mrtkvaL KcuceV <l>iXo\oy€'tu\ ri fj/jLiav rf}^ K€<l>a\^^ 
^pafievoVy Xva firj wpotbi'. — A&fovrcu ol Kv/cXe)- 
W€9 dvOpayiro^a^oc elvai, Kal t9v% 'OSv<r<r€a)9 eralr- 
pov^ KaT€&r)So/civat\ — ^EKcpo^ Tral^ TLpiAfiov T049 
Tpoiav iroKwpKovciv !'E\X^o-«/ aTre/faXv^ev, w^ 
^v\(v<p vmrtp ireirpoDpAvov^ itrrlv ''iXiov okcovaL — 
^Hpa/cK!}^ rb Sipfia rov N^/^ea/av \iovT09, ov dvtj^ 
pn^KCi, '^fM7ri(rj(€To\ — Ef TA9 Trpo<r€\d(iv fioi 6ewv 
Xiyoc' " K.pdT(OVy eirav dfirodavrj^f aidi^ if dpyrj^ 
&•€*•; eaeL S* o,Te av fiov\ri^\ tcioop, wpofiaTov^ 
rpdyo^, avOpoyiro^ twiro^* SI9 jSww/ot" yap a€ Set* 
isifbap/jbivov^ royr i(m,v* o^ri, fioyXek 8' eXoO".'* 

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IRREOULAB VERBS. 15S 

iiravra fidXXopj evOih; ehreip av" toK&, iroiu^ fie 
irkfjv avffpcyrrov* aBucdi}^ cvrv^eJ KaK&<: re irparrec^ 
rovro TO ^^^v. fiopop. 6 KpdrioTO^ tTnro? iTn/ieXe^ 
irripap ep^e* eripov depaireiav' dr/aOo^ ai^" 7617;" 
Kvoov, ivTifborepo^ el rod kokov kwo^ nroKv' aKetC" 
Tpva>v y€VPaio<: iv eripf rpo^^ lariv, 6 S' dr/€vprj^ 
/caV SiSie^ TOP fcpeiTTOPO. apOpamo^ ai/" ^ j^prj" 
cr&f, evyepfj^ a<l>68pay yeppoto^, ovSkp 6<f)€\o<;^ ip 
T^ pvp yheb' irpaTT€c^ B* 6 koKo^ apixrra iravnap, 
Sevrepa 6 ovko^pttj^, 6 Kcucaqdrj^ ra rplr^ hc^^' 
opop y€P€<T0cu KpeiTTOP^ ^ Toif^ j(€{popa^ opap cau- 
Tov ^ooPTa^ e7n<f>apiaT€pop. — ''Oaa^ c^io^ r^p Xa- 
J3eip^ irXrjyd^, roa-avra^ ellXiy^e" hpwxjji^. — Kal 
<f>aP€pi9 yeyopep^ ov r&p crtofiaraap avyyev^^ wv 
dXKa T&p 'Xpfj/mroop^, — Qvoptoop tlp&p rok deok 
hrl TftJ" VMP yepiadah 1^ 6 ^loykpri^' "IIcpl hk 

§ 150. AlyvTTTloi^ pofjLo^ ^p ovSafick Orjpiot^ 
V€/eup BtBopat, Kal Bid ravra erapl'XiEVOPy tpa firj 
Kelfjspo^ vir €vk&p KarafipcDdeirj. — Hixp&p fiefiiy- 
/lePTjp e2;^€ <l>Tiaip dpBpbf; Kal ffrfpiov. — Nto/81; 
hreTrrjyei KciX e& \i0op /jberefiifiXrjTO, — Ai6pv<to^ 
i<l> ap/iaro^ (»X€?to, irapBdXeayp v7r€^€vyfM€Pa>p, jSi* 
rpvaip iare^opcofiipo^ koI fiirpq^Tfjp xofirfP^ dpor^ 
BeBcfiipo^. — 'E9 fiiaa^ pvktw; airoraOeurrf^* t^9 
avpovala^ ejreirwKeifiep* Kal iBeBeiirpi^Keifiep wKeop 
rod Uapov. — Xefilpajii^ 1^ r&p ^Aaavpiaop ^aalXeui 
irvdo/jbipTf r6 r&p *IpB&p Sdpo^ p^iarop elvai Kal 
TrXeiarrjp re Kal KaKXlarrjp ^cipav pifiecrOaif irporj* 

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154 IRREGULAR VERBS. 

'Xdrj ovSh/ TrpoaSitctjOetara^ irpo^ ^IvSoi^ e^eveyKctv^ 
woXefiov. — OvK afireipo) irpoa-ifiaXe^^ — '^Otoi^ ri 
ifStop aTTOTTviyUy rl hel iirnneiv^; — Kal irdvr 
oKovaa^ Sv^ i^Ufirjv fiadelv* eaTrjv* op& Be *P^<roi^ 
S>aT€ Baifiova ioT&r^^ iv iTnreiota't ®puKioi^ o^oi^. 
— ''OoTt^ i/€09 <Si/ fiovaSv d/McXeif top re irapeKdovr^^ 
dnrokayKe^* Xpovov, Kal t6v fiiXKovra riOvrjKev. — M^ 
Kara^povei, ^tXcv^ eO&v yepovrtK&Vf oU Svoxo^, et? 
TO ^pwi av^ eKdrf^, iaci}^' dXKoL fUya tov0*^ ol 
iraripe^ i^jKarrdfieOd^' vfieh fikv dveiSurar^''^ idu 
TC fiTj iroifj TraTfjp irpoBvfito^y "Ov yeyova^^ avro^ 
veo<: ;'* to" 8k nrarpl irpo^ rov viov^ dv^ dryvto/Mov^^ 
OVK euriv^ ehrelv^ " Oi; yeyoi/a^^ avrb^ yepcov^'^^ — 
Oi; ;^a\€7roi; itrrc t& KaKm 8caK€ifiiv€0 eiireiv riv^ 
€v<T06vovvTaj "Mi) KaKW^ hc^^'* irvKTU T hnrtr^ 
fmv ovtkv epyov^ fxa^^M^i avrcv fia'^eaOat S* 
ou/cer' iarl paStov. erepov tl t6 TJyeiv i<rrl rov^ 
ireTToydevcu^. — "Orav drirxjstv crot av/MTriajj" tc^, 
BicwoTa, EvptirtBov fipi]<r6rjTL^, Kal piftov lo-et"* 
"OvK eartv o<m% irdvr^ dvffp evBad^fioveV* elpoi 
S' wroXajSe^ ical" ak r&v woXK&v eva. — *AXX' iv 
;^j/ft) yvda-ec^ ra^ dcr<f>a\ok, CTrel 'xpovo^ BUaiov 
avBpa BelKvvacv jiwo^* KaKOP Bk k&v^ hf rifiipa 

,§ 151. Ol diro rov avrov ^nripfULTo^ ff>vvT€^f 
Kal vvo T^9 ai5T^9 fifjTp6^ rpa^pre^, Kal iv t§ 
ain^ OLKLa av^devre^, koX virb r&v avr&v yovi<av 
dr/aTTcofievoi^, Kal rqv avTrjv fj/rp-epa Kal rov avrov 
iraripa irpoarayopevovre^, oSrot Brj iravroiv eiarlv 

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ISRIS&VZAS VE^BS. 155 

oiKetSraroi. — Ol^EKKrjp^^ iv IlXarauw wfJMaav^ 
vrap€iB<i<r€ip ircu^v iraitrV t^v irpi<: Hepa-as ej^- 
Opap^ &>9 av^ oi irtnafiol pieacip etV rrjv OaXcunrav 
Koi yipo^ avOpdnn^v ij, /cal yrj Kapiroi^ 4^PV' — ^ 
^HpcucKAowi i^ *AXK/JLrivrj<; y€vvr}$hn'o^, rj fikp '^Hpci 
Zvo ipcucovTO^ iireareCKe rois dpaXdaovra^* 76 
fipe^o^' a hi Irak ov KarairXarfii^^ kicarepa r&v 
X^^P^v '^^ ovx^vo. (r(l>lrf^a^, direirvt^e rov^ Spa* 
Kovra^. — T!cp firf Xeyovra r&v Seovrtov* fjLrjBk li/^ 
/juiKpov vofii^e, K&v^ Sy'* elirrf <rvWaj3a^* rhv S ed 
TJryovra firf vofii^^^ elvai fuucpoVy fjLtjS^ iv^^ a^oBp^' 
elirrj woXXa Koi iroKxiv ^p^^ov, reKfirjpiov Be rovSe 
top "Ofiffpop \a/54'^ o5to9 yap 'qpUp fivpiobas hr&p 
ypd^lj aXX' ovBk eU^'^OfJtrjpop eiprjKCP^* fuuepop, — 
Hvdofjuepov^ Bi Tov MvXKiov koI^* ri ^ot " itrrip, 
8 fiadelp^ irpoBvfielraij ***EK€tpo,^* elirep 6 AtowJ- 
cr*09, " t/<p ^ alria^, Bc^ ijp oi iratpol crov airoOa" 
peip fiaXKop elXopro^ fj tcvafjuw^^ iraTtjaai,^ KCbi 
6 MvXXta? evOv^j "'AXX' iKCiPoi fikp^^ elirep, ^^VTri" 
jj^ipaPf Xpa firj Kvafiov^ irarrjaaxTtp^ dirodapelp^^ 
€7<o Bk aipovfiai, ha tovtov <toi rfjp airiav fifj^ 
i^eiira^, /evdfiov^ fidXXop iraTrjcrai^ — ^Ckoaoil>iav 
Kaipfjp yap ovto^^ <fiC\jocro^V weipfjp BiBdafcet xai 
fui07}Tw; \a/ij3aP€i,' eh dpro^^j on^op" i<T')(af;^ itrir 
in^lp^ i^BcDp, 

§ 152. "Oarri^ tov^ reKOPra^^ ep fiitp ai/Seij 
Kal ^cop Kot diroOapoop ^/Xo9 earl OeA. — *ft9 ^Sv* 
aupeaei ;^/w;<rroTiy9 Kexpafjuipij*. — VvXnnro^ 6 Aa- 
KeBaifJLOVio^ (TTparrffOK; <f>vyd^ dirriKaOfi^ t^9 Stta/j- 

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156 IRREGVMR 7ERBS. 

rri^n — %einrofnro^ o laroptKO^ ^<nj r^v lEtvpdirfjp 
fiffSeTTOTe ivi]v<y)(ivav^ rotovrov dvSpa, otop ^Cki/n'-^ 
wov, TOP *A\e^ap8pov irarepa, — OvO** ol t&p Hep* 
(or&p PaarCKel^ oiff ol t&p MofceSopap, tcaiirep 
ifKeunop ta')(ya'ajn'e^, ihvprjBrjirap rh toop ^ApdjSayp 
S0PO9 KaT(iSov7uicra(T0a6. — Ilpb^ ravr tro)^ fiep^ 
irvp, iTco Sk^ <l>d<ryapa' Trifiirprj, KoraiOe aapKa^ 
lyinr\r)aQt\T\^ [WvitIpodp kcXuipop alfia' irpoade yap 
Karaa yt)^ elaip aarpa, yrj o apeic €9 aiuepa, 
TTpXp i^ ifiov crot 0&ir^^ dirapr^aai \6yop^\ — 
^OTa)^' Bk fMTjSeU Tavff^\ a cri/yaaOat j(pe(!)P* fu^ 
Kpov yap ifc \afi7rTr}po<i ^ISaiop XeTra? 7rpr/<Tec€p^^^ 
ap Tt9, Kal 7rp09 avSp*^ elirobv^^ epa ituBoipt^ ap 
doTol irdpT&i a Kpinrrevp ^(pedp. — "Ey^^coi/ ot) &) 
TTveip , — liietp T49 ijfii;p eyx^arco, — Ttt e/wv 
S* opS>p av TOVTO wpOKaretXrjfifiipop^ tSiop i^evprj'- 
tcA;" TV, Kal Todr ecTi 4T0p, — ®apaTOP ^vydp^ fifj 
Xey'** OTL ^ev^opxu'^ iroKip, c»9 ydp w€<j>€xrya<;^ 
irpocrSoKa xdl firj ^xryeip^. — To ypwdi^ crainhp ov 
fidrrjp eS iaO**^ 2t* ri prjfia tovto So^ap ip AeXxfm^ 
ex€i. — IloWa fi€ BiSda/cet^ d^66p(0<; Bid <I>06pop, 
87rG)9 dKOvayp TroXKd /jbrjBe tp'^ fidOoD^. — A. 'Ev 
Kapl t6p kIpBvpop^. B. OZSa, Beairora. — HoKxf 
scpelTrSp icmp §i/ tccCKok fiefiaOijKepai^, rj iroWd 
^u\g)9 irepi^e^rjardoA.^^ irpdrfpMra. — ^OTay \i- 
7179 phf TToXXa, fjMP0dinj^ Bk fii], t6 cop BiZd^a^ 
Tov/ibp^ ov iiaOwp^ icru^. 

§ 153. Oi; fiiKpop ioTVP dpTur'^eip Ta7<; iinOv* 
filai9, irdpToOep iXjeovcrcu^ zeal dpTiKafAJSapofiipai^* . 

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IRREQVLAR TERES. 157 

— *ApxoP'€va>p^ Bet rwv oSi/erj/JLaTOiv i/jb^pdrreiv 
T05 oSov^* irap S* aira^ pi^coO^ tccucLa koX iraTuui 
yiutirai, Kodairep avpTpo<f>o<; appaxTria, 'XfCKeirov 
oMjfv /eaToafiio'cu. — ^AKi^avBpo^ iueirprja'e^ r^ 
hf HepcreirSKei fiaaiKeia, rtfitop&v roh "^XKujcriv^ 
Sri KaKeivtuv iepct xal irSXci^ oi Hipaai wupl koX 
<riZfip<p 8terr6p0f)(rap. — ^FurafievunovBa^ iptarridekf 
rl ovricreraf 6 firj yi^fia^; ''Tbfirj oKveiv,^ e^^^^xnrep 
T^9 irarplBo^ airoOavewr — T^9 *Apafiia^ 17 ai/v- 
Spo9 SceiXrjfi/jUvrf* iarl ^picun K€Kpv/ifiivoi^, xal 
IMvoi^ ToJ? iyx^P^^ yvcopi^ofUvoc^^ — Tk otBep 
el §71/ TOV0* o KiKXrjTai^ daveiv, to ^v Si ffvi^axeip 
iarl; ttKtjp ifuo^^ ^por&v voaovaiv ol fiXeirovTe^y 
01 S* oXtt)XoT€9* ovShf voaovaiv ovSk tciiCTrjvTCU^ 
Kcuca, — B. TA irapepyd^^ fwv ravr i<mv* av^ 
Si Sff Xa/So)" TO Siovra^y Kol roinrraviov^^ apfjJh' 
cra>/i^ aira^f Inrep eirl r&v efiirpoaOe ^ipijvtov, 
Xvp€^\ ey€i/€To", K(d vvv raiJro" rovr oy^ei?^ iraKtv. 
inro^ T^9 7ap oafir]^ ovSi eh^ Svpi^aerai'^ aTrXw" 
BieXdetv^ TOP areuoDTrbv roxrrovlj 6 hi irapmv^ ira^ 
€v0i(o^ wpoq rrjv Ovpav i<rn]^er^ a'^avfis Trpoaire- 
irarraXevfiivo^, d(f)(ovo^, aj(pc av t&v (ptKav, /Se- 
fivcTfiipo^^ T^p pip^f ft-€po9 TA9 TTpoaSpa/ioh^ cnro^ 
tTTrdaij^. A. Meya9 el Te)(plTq<;. B. ^ArfPoeU, 
irpo^ &p Xa\6t9* TToXKoi^ eycJ o-^^SSp'** olSa r£p 
tea0rj/JL€Pa)p^f ot Kara fie fip<i/ca4r^ Spexd fiou ra9 
ova-uv;. — T<i9 rpixfK, c3 Ni^XXa, ripi^: fidwrecp ae 
Xiyova-iPy 09 <tv /jbeTuupordra^ cf drfopa% hrpU/^. — 
r^9 hrifirjp^ yv/ip&;, fyvfipo^ ff^ iirh r^cuap airei^ 
§11'*' /cal ri fidrTjp /M)(j9wf yv/ipop op&p to T^.09 ; 

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158 JRREGlUItA^ VERBS. 

§ 154. ^epcKvSrf^ 6 4>(^i^o<t>o^, irapcL rhv air 
^uCKhv rfj^ '%afAov wepiirarciv xal vavv ovpioSpofAo&' 
cap ISwu^, ehrev, w /ter' ov ^oXi* KaTCbSva-ertu' 
/cal KoreSv iv 6<f>daKfioi^; aurov. — ^Avaxapat^ o 
X/cv6r)<: a^Uero eU rrjv 'EXXoSa, <rwec6fi€vosi* T0J9 
fieKrUrrot^ r&v 'EXXi/wjov, koX tjOr) koX 'rravi]yvp€i<; 
^al l3iov avT&v teal iroXirelau xal Ta KoKKiara rr}^ 
'EXXa8o9 oyjr6fi€vo^\ — MerA rriv iv IlXariuaw 
fiaxn^ ol^'EKX/rjve^ ck t&p Xa^vptov rffv Setcartjv 
i^ckofievoi^ KartancofO^aav 'xpvarovv rphrotaj /eaX 
iuidetrav ehAeXif^ov^. — 'AS/a^Jtov \iyov, cS VoJpc*, 
fui0<mf^ To^ dryoBov^ ^/X^t, twp S€iKSp S' air€f)((n)y 
71W9* &rfc 8etXot9 oKvpi %apt9. — *0 tcoKa^ TOiovr 
T09 Tt9 fiore inrirfeKaaas;^ ehreip; '^'Op^^; om 
hvalp crot" Tfp^p&p^^ owe iprervx'lf^^^y woluwp^ 
€tTj(f)/ea^^^ Top^ irdrfoopa /jlcotop, Kahrep^^ el ri^ koL 
,aXXo9, ixP^ irphf; rcL en; fjuekaipop rqp rpvxa"'^ — 
^'Eiirltcovpo^ o <ro<l>6^, d^uoa-opro^ ripo^^ ehretp irpo^ 
avTOPy iyTi^ WOT iarl rarfodop^, o Sm T6X09 5^to5- 
aip^y ehrep i^Soprfp'ev 7'", cS Kpanar opffpoTre /cat 
^To^Jnarre. tov ^ap fJUtcrcUrBai^ Kpeirrop ovk e<rr^^ 
ovSe ip^ dffoBop, wpoaeoTiP rjSop^ yap ToryaOop^. 
— 'H ra^i^ awl>iv airavraypv fiep i<m kop^ iraari 
rixytlf iv T0 Kaff* rffia<i S' &tnrep fjyeircu^ <rj((^6p' 
TO fyctp irapaBupoi^ tca^eXetp^^ T^arffiepcn^ iKoaTa, 
KcH rip icaipbp hrX tovtoi^ iZelPj irore Set irvtcporepop 
hrarforfelp^f leaX irirre fia&jp^ xal wch e^ovai^ irf^ 
tA Seiirpop, ical irore ^Koipop auT&p^ i<m t&p 
iy^p Ta fihf Oepfia irapaJB&vai^^ r^ S* hrophna^y 
TcL\hi /ttlo-ajv"*,. T^ §' pXfi)9, irro'^^apTa; ToSha 

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lEREQULAR VERBS. J59 

§ 155. Ot iv T§ AlyinrT^ Upek cavro^ Tre- 
pippcUvoxHTLV^ ov iravrl Ziarif aXX* iKeivtpj i^ oi 
ireTrurrevKoaiv^, 2t* koX 1^*9 iretronKev' tacun yip 
icaKkurTa\ in ov/c av irivoi 17 opvt^ itcelvri pinrapov 
Koi Ik Tivap ^pficuuov XeXvp^curfASvov i/SaT09. — 
"^Otoi' Bek^U hucTv^ irepiirifTQ^y ra fih/ irp&ra 
rjcvx^^ei KoX <l>vytJ9 ovBev^ fie/ivrp-ai, evtojfjetrat^ Si 
r&v ovpedKatcoroDv^ iydvwv' oray Se eiriavpofiepo^ 
aUrOfjrai, in yiryvercu rt)^ 7^9 irXtfalov, hnavda to 
SliCTvov Sutrparfmv^ oTraXKarrercu^ xal iroiXXaKis 
ikofOepo^ ytyperai. — 'Ei/ UXarcucw: irp&ro^ icar^ 
ijp^avTO T^9 p^Xf^ oi fidpfiapoi, wtcrb^^ iKj(y6iv* 
T€9 hri Tad^"ESX7jva^, koL vaai, rok imrevat irpbi^ 
rh arparcfjrehov avT&v hreKcuTOOfre^, — Apu^ Tre- 
<roilcrJ79" ira^ avfjp ^\ev€TaL^\ — E/Treo/, axova-at 
KoX SpSur<U, flUCpW fA€<TOV^\ — 'E/ioO davovTO^^ 
yata fiixff^(^'' mjpi".—'Ev'o^ X«^^^^" /^«- 
Kexrivev^^ irepo^^'', — Et SctV" eipcura^^ heiva Koi 
wa0€ip^ o*€ Set. — *EpSoi rw rfv Ikooto^ elSelrj^ 
rexPVV* — ZrjToov yap Syftov Oolp^driop^ annokeaa^, 
— 'H yXSccr^ Ofuip^x^, 1} Si ^pfqv opwfioTO^^. — 
"Uto* riOvTfKep^ ^ StScurtcei, ypdfi/uira. — &vr}Tol 
7€7c3t€5"' p/rj ^povetff^ \nrip 0€ov^. — *Hi^ yap p 
UXovTO^ n/i/l /SAi'^y icai p/fj n/^Xo? c$v ireptvooTy^ 
m^ Toif^ dyaOoih: r&v avdpJmwv fiaStelra^,^ kovk^^ 
AiroKen^r tov9 Si irovripov^ itol roif^ aSeoxs ^V' 
^Itcu*** Kara^ ironja-ei iravra^ X/^PToi)? KciX irKovr 
TQVPra^ Sffiirov to re Oeia aifiovTa<:, — 'E/wony^el? 

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160 IRREGULAR 7ERBS. 

*' fi€Ta^o\rfu evyepck iveyxetv^,^* — 'EXXfyMk)!/** irpo^ 
fiaj^ouPTe^ ^Adffvatot yiapad&vi^ )(pvo'o<l>op<op MjJ- 
ScDV iarSpetrap^ ivvafiLV. 

§ 156. 'Op<f>€v<;, airodavoiari^ avr^ FtupvBucrj^ 
"rfj^ yvvaiKo^, bify)(6ei(rrj^^ vir o<fte<o^, Karrjkdev eh; 
A^Sov'i BeKcov avarforfelv avn^p, koI ILXjovTcopa 
^€UT€P dpairepA^cu. 'O hk vTria"xeTo* tovto iroir 
i^a-etp, iav fi'^^ iropeuofievo^^ 'Op^ei)? iTTurrpa^f 
irpip €49 T^ avTov oiiciap *irap(vy€pia'$<u, 'O Sk 
anntrr&p^^ hrurr panels iOedararo t^p^ fym/at/ca* rj 
Sk iraXip VTritrrpeylrep. — Kpt^ j^vaofiaXKo^ top 
"^pl^op ek TTJp KoX;^^Sa SieiropOpsvo'ep* ifcet 8k 
rovTOP, W9 if>aa'tp, eOvae ^^Up A(l> kolI €P "Apecov 
oKaei irepi ripa Bpvp t6 Bep/jba avrov ceireicpifiaaep* 
€<l>vXaTT€ Bk TOVTO BpoKfOPm — ^^E^A *ApThraTpo^ 
6 MaxeSc^p rjiretkrjo'e iroTuopKriaeip ^ Adripalov<i, el 
fifj Toif^ fy^Topa^^ ixBoiep, KaToKpjrwp AfffAocOepij^: 
rijp woXip e^vye irpwTOP fikp efc Atr/ipap^ hrl ri 
AlaKciop Ka6eBovfi€Po^\ (JHffirjdeU B* eh KaXavpiap 
fieriarrj. — "AvOptoiro^ el Brfirovdep"' ovk ecrT ovBk 
eW^ & p/fj KaK6p TI, yeyopep^^ rj r^evrjaerai}^ • 6 woi£p 
S' €\a;^6(rT0j; ri yeyeptiplpop^ kcucop ap^>OTepop^ 
o5to9 evn/^cJ T€ icaX <f>popei. — ^Eirppei^ ^nrapTion 
Tiy9 ThJhro^ 'Ho-^Sov to Xer^op' "OiJS' ap fiov^ mro^ 
XotT ", el p»rj yelTODP scclko^ elrj*^ cucovopto^ Auyye^ 
VOV9. o Bi elire, **KaX p,rjp Meaaijpioi teal ol 
^069 auToip diroXtoKaa-i^^ fcai vfieZ^ airr&p e<rre oi 
Tf^lTOPe^r — T^9 WKrini ^Brj wpoi^tcovarf^^ hrop^ 

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IRREGULAR VERBS. 161 

^€6'* iTork dirb Beiirvoir 'ZcDKpaTrj^. 'Neavio'/coi ovv 
aKoKcuTTOL irpofiaOovre^^'' iveXoyriaav hraviovrd^^ 
BaBa<: €xovt€<: rjfifi€.va<;^^ kolI ^Epi.vv(ov irpoaonra* 
e^o<? he^ fjv avrol^ kol^ oXXok: Trpoinrai^ew, Ov^ 
lh(6p^ 6 %a)KpaTri<; ov 8i€Tapd)(0Vi ^^^' €incrTd^^ 
fjpwTa, ola** KaV^ Toif<; a\Xot/9 rj iv AvK€ia> ^ iv 
^AKaSrjfiig, — 'O Se XaoKpaTq^iy iB(op^ rou 'AiT^ 
<r6ev7i TO Steppoyyb^^ rod ifjLaTiov /lipo^ del Trot- 
ovpra ^vepovt " Ov iravaei,^^ €<f>rj, " ey/caXKayjri- 
^6fjbepo<; ^fuv ;" — 0e6Sa)po9 o KvprjvalKo^;, Avtr^ 
fid)^ov Tov ^a<Tc\iti)^ a7r€iXi]<ravT0^^ avrop dpaiprj-^ 
aeiv, '* ^E7^\rjd€i<;^ /i€," etTrev, " ov jSaaiTUax: dWd 
Ktaveiov Bvvafitv I^wk" — Kal" i3paSv^ €v^ov\o<; 
etKev^ ra^v avZpa Sicofcayv. — *EvBvfila>v6 Zeuy 
eBco/cepf o ^ovXoiro, eXiadai^, 6 Sk alpelrai, koi- 
fjbaadai Bid iravrof; dOdvaro^ Koi 0777^(09 fJ^vcov, — 
*A^vov<; TToiffToO dfcpoaaiv iroLOVfiivov^\ QeoKpiro^ 
ipooTcifj^evo^ vir avrov, irold iarc Ta xaXw^ elpt}- 
fiiva^^l eijyrj, "^A irapeXxire^*^ — Ki](f>ta6Bcopo<: 
eXeyev, irt ovBeU ovaiavy rjv fiev avro^ CKTijaraTo, 
KaTe(f>ay€v^% fjv Bk irap*^ dWov TrapiXa/Sei/**. — 
S6\a)i/o? ^1/ pofio^' "'O rd irarp&a KaTeBfjBoKoo^'* 
drifio^ loTG), kolI 6 dpyo<i xnr€v6vvo<i etrro) iravrX 
T^ fiov\ofiep€o ypd^eaOuL^ — To t£v ^Afia^ovcop 
edvo^ roaovTOP dpBpeia Bci^peyxep'^, c5<7Te firj fiSvop 
TToW'^p x^P^^ ofiopop KaTaBpafielv^, dXKd Kal 
iroXkfjv T^9 Evpd'jrrf^ Kal t^9 ^Aaia^ Acaraorpe- 
yjrctaOai. — 2;^o\aoTtAco9 irorafiop fiovXofievo^ 
irepdv eirifif}^ iirl to TrXotbi/ e^' imrov Kadrjfievo^, 
irvOojiMpov^ Bi ripo^ rrjv alrlav, ejyq aTTOvBd^eiv. 

11 

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162 rRREQULAR YERBSi 

§ 157. 'HvUa ^iXfTTTTo? MaxeSdov iredpi^Kei^ 
^rjfioaOeprj^ Xafiirpav iadrjra '^fi<f>i€<TfM€vo^ irpch 
rfKJdc, Kaiirep ti/9 Ovyarpq^ avTov veaxTri T€T€\€u- 
TfjKvia^^, i<f)rj56/jL€Po^ r^ rov Ma/ceSwo? Oavarr&t. — 
'EttcI <f)i\TaTo<; fjv TeXafxwv 'Hpa/cXet, efe iroWov<: 
aS\ov^ ovvefiaxio'aTO ^HpcueXet SwcTrXet yap 
ovTft) TTpo^ 'A/iafoi/a?, /cal rov ^AXxvopia dveiXe' 
aTpaT€v<rdfievo^ Se iirl Tpoiav avv 'Hpa/cXe?, eka/Se 
yipw; 'Haiovrjv Trjv AaofiiSovro^ dvyaripa, i^ fj<; 
eyevero TevKpo^, — ''Ore ^pi^^ xal "EXX^y cttI 
j(pvaofidXKov Kpiov <f)€p6fjL€Voi TTjv fiera^v Xiyelov 
Kal Xeppovi^a-ov Kei/iivrjv BoKarrav virepcfiaivoVy 
cikiaBeu eU rhv j3v0bv tf '^EXXiy* KaxeV airodavov- 
CTj^ avTrjs;, eir i/ceivr)^ 'EXX?;u7roin-09 iKKr)07} to 
TriXar/o^. — Tl&^ Srjff^ pSovpov 0Z09 i^e^rj^* Xa- 
doov^; — XirdpTrfv eXa^^e?', ravrrfv Koa-fiei. — 
Xpvaov dprjp evpdov'' eknrev j3po)(pp' avrdp 6 

Xpvorop 

ov \iirev* ov^ ^po^v, ^-^ei/' ov evpe^ /3pi)(^ov. — 
*H d^oq ijXff^^ iirl yrjv ef ovpapov, el/copa Se/fwi/", 

4>€tS/a, ^ <TV y lySiy?^* top deop ir^ojMepo^^^. — 

A. EtTri**, KvoPj T«/09 dpBpb<; €^€<nrft)9" arjfJ^a 

B« Tou Kwo9- A. *AXXa t/9 ffp 0UT09 dpfjp 
o 'Kvayp', 

B. Aioyipf)^, A. r€i'09 etTre". B. ^ipamev^. 
A. *09 TTt'^oi; wfC€L''; 

B. Kal /taXa"* in/i/ Bi 0apwp^^ aaripa^ oucov 

*P^<7f9 j3pax€la Tot9 <f>popova'i crto^popa^^ vpo^ tow 

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IRRilGULAR 7ERBS. 163 

TC^oi/ra?*" Koi ^vrevaavra^ irpkiru. — ArjfioadivT)^ 
ipantfOekf ^'Ilto? Tr}<; priTopiKrj<; irepceyivov*^ '^ 
" IlXeoi'," ecjyr), " eKaiop ol'vov SaTrai^cra?".'* 

§ 158. 'EttcI XapSavaTToKKo^ 6 ea^aTo^ *Ao-- 
&vpia)V fiaaiXeif^ aireyvco TrjV cayrqplav, Xva firj 
T0J9 TToXefiloi^ vir(y)(eipLo<; yevoiTO, irvpop ev rot? 
j5a<riK€loi<: KaraiTKevaaa^ virep/ieyiSrjy top tc xP^ 
{TOP ical TOP apyvpop airapra, Trpc^ Se rovroi^ rfjip 
^aaiXiKTJp €<T07]Ta iraaap iirl ravTrjp iadpevae, xal 
afia TovToi^ airaaip eatrrop re /cal ra fiaaiXeia 
KareKavaep. — Topyia^ 6 AcoptIpo^ errl repfiari 
&p Tov l3lov, VTTO ripo^ aadepeia^ /caTaX7}^d€L<;, kot 
VKv^op ek VTTPOP viro\ta6ap(OP cfceiTo. 'ETrel Si 
Tt9 avTOP^ TraprjXOe twp iinTriheioDp iTnaKoirovfie" 
po^y KoX 7Jp€T0, TV irpdrroi, 6 Fopyla^: e<fyq* "''HSi; 
p,€ VTt'PO<; apx^rai irapaKaTaTiOeadai, t^ aSeX- 
^aJV — AfffidSr)^ Tov<: ^Adrjpaiov^ etfca^ep avXoc^^ 
COP et T19 d(f>€Xoi,* Ti^p yXwTTap, to Xolttop oinhep 
itrrip. — B/oj/ atpov tcp optaTOP' tovtov ydp tjSifv 
rj axwrjBeia iroiri<T€L — Mi/SeTTore €7ri* firjBepo^ 
6?7^^9^ OTi^ dirdiKea'a' avro' aXX', oti cnreSayKa. 
To iraiBiop dirWapep^; aTreSodrj^. *H yvpfj anrkda^ 
pep ; direBodf}, Tb ^^piop d<f>r)p€0rjp^^ ; ovkovp kclI 
TovTO dnrehodri' "'AWa #ca#ro9 o d<f>€X6fjL€Po^^^** Ti 
Se aoX fieXec, 8td TtVo? ere 6 So^ diryTtiae^i — 
Vafrrffp apaXTty; koX p€&v evpep^ hpofiop. 

§ 159. T&p 'EXXiqpap eVl Tpola Sta ttjp 'A^tX- 
Xioy; opyrjv Keiep/rfteorap^, HaTpoKXo^ irpcrrpwireW 

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164 IRREGULAR VERBS. 

xnro N€OTO/}09 iKirevaep 'Ap^^Wea, Sovpai Kav* ijr 
iikiyov Tqv TravoirXlav axrr^, Xva rov^ Tpcoa^ r&v 
ve&v airdarjTac^. 'EfeX^cJv ovv 6 IlaTpo/cXo? /caX 
yewaU^ apKnevaa^ ixer ov iro\v^ dvjfpiOrj, "Kor 
Xem^pa^ Be 6 'A^^tWcv? eiravaaTo fiev t^9 7rpo9 
Aya/jUfivova e')(dpa<;^ Xa^So^v ik ri^xucToreviCTov irav^ 
ottXuu/, oKKov^ t€ iro\\oif<: kcu reXevralop ''Fttcropa 
avelkev, — KC/k)? o vediTepo^ iv r^ iirl rbv aZeK" 
4>op ^Apra^ip^v p^yy irp<yx,^LpoT€pov kivSwcvodv, 
xnro Tivo^ rwv tv^^wtcbi/* Jlepa&v ifKriyel^ Kcupuos 
hreae* rovrov S' avaipeOhrro^ ol^ ^aaCKeoy; irpi^ 
rfjv p^xv^ hreppdxrOrjaaVf koI t€\o9 t^ T€ ttXtJ^c* 
/C(d T^ ToXprj €t9 ^xrffjv erpe'^av tov9 avOear&Tas^ , 
— Aioyhnjq, aTTohpavTO^^ rov otKirov, ovk itfypoiTC^e, 
Seivbv elvcu Xir/a)v, el Aioyevrj^; piev X(op\<i avrov^ ^rjv 
ov BvvaTtLL, avTov^^ Bk €Kelvo^ X^P^^ Bviforai. — 'O 
Kap/cufo^ wSe e<fyq, X^X§" rbv o<fiiv Xa^wv^^' " EvOvp 
XPV TO*' eraipov elvac koX p,fj a/coXia^' (f>povetpr — 
'Ael a(f>^p^* #c\€09 earai Kara fyrjv, ^iKrare 'AppoBie 
/cal ^ApiaroyeLTOv, ori rbv rvpawop i/CTaveT7}v^\ 
laov6pov<; re ^A6Yjva<; etroirjaarqv, — Toh yap re- 
Opewai^ XPV '^^ ov TedpffKora ripA^ BiBopTa yBb- 
vvop ev ae^eip 6e6p, — *Ai/^^ i; "Keoprrj pfj i^ifCTjraL^^j 
rfjp oKayneKriP wpoaay^op, — ^A p>rj tcariOov^^ p^fj 
dpeKrj^p 

§ 160. Arjp^crOeprf^ ^rjcrlp ip "Kojco Tipi' " No- 
aripa,, & apBpe^ 'AOrjpatoi, Betpbp ip,venT€i}Kep^ eh 
rfjp 'EXXaSa xal xfLKeTrbp kclL iroXKrj<; irap rjp&p* 
iinpeXeias Beopepop' apOpoairoi yap p^apol Koi ko- 

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IRREGULAR VERBS. 165 

XaAce? kclL dKaarope^ r^v rr}^ eavr&v irarpIZo^ iXeu- 
depiav TrpoTreirdKaac irporrepov fiev ^iKimr^, vvv 
Sk 'AXefai/Spoj." — Xo}KpdTi]<: iv rf} (f>v7uiKp Kco- 
veiov 7na>v riOvrfxev' Al<Tj(y\^ ypdifyovTC^ i/Miri" 
irTa>K€ 'xeKcovq' %o^OKKrj<; parya <l>ay(op aTa<f>v\f}^ 
aTTOTTviyeU airWave Kvve^ Kara @paKrjv IStvpcTriSrjv 
erparfov^' rov Oelov ^Ofirjpov \i/jlo<: dire^Ocaev. -^ 
^Aa/cXTjircb^ <f>v<rec KaX arf^ivoLa Bcepey/coiv^, i^i]\a><r€ 
rfjv larptKfjv eTrwrT^/Aiyi/, Kal TroXXa tcSz^ avvret," 
vovTtov 7r/>09 vyieuav dvOpdyiroav i^evpe. IIoWou? 
Be rmv dirff^vtaaiievoDv dppdarcov irapd Bo^av depa- 
ir&iav eirl roa-ovro irpoi^ri^ t% Sd^9, ware Btd 
rovTO TToWow BoKelv' r&v reBvecoTc^y^ iroielv ttoKlv 
f(3i/Ta9. — *Ai/* /tO? Biopv^rf ^co/mov, ivra in^XiVov, 
Kav^ jJLTjBev aXV** €X(»>v Biarpdrfrj^^ dvkaKov, aXe^c- 
rpvwv Tp€(f)6fjL€vo^ dv^ i(f> i<T7r€pa<i aa"p, ridevrai 
TovTo atf/Meiov Tive<;^^. — ^AXjxriv tL tcv/ca^, irplv 
T0V9 Ix^va^ €\i79"; — ^A yap rp&jro^ KaOetXev^*, 
ov oTijo-et" ;^6i/o9. — 'AW'" 7]Bv^^ rot aaOipra^^ 
fiefiinjaOac^ irovayv^. — Ilvdov^\ ^eX^Soiyx/ irrjvl/c 
arra^ <f>aiv€Tai. — HoWal 7r6\ei9 ivlore KaOdirep 
ifXjola KaTaBv6p,eva BioWvinai seal BioXdXaac fcal 
en BioKovvrat Bid rfjv t£v Kv^epvrp-&v koL vavTwp 
fioxdrjpiav r&v irepl rd fieyLora fieylarrjv arfpomv 
€tK'qff>orr(DV^* — 'Ai/a^^/xTts virh fieipaKiov irapd 
iroTov v^purBekj e(fyq, " McLpdxcov, idp veo^ Aif rov 
olvov firj ^iprj^, yipcov y€v6fi€Po<:^ vBoop otaei^^. 



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1G6 



§ 3 n. 4. By the ' Bed Sea ' the ancients commonly nnder- 
stood the livhole sea sonth of Arabia, as far as Ceylon, including 
the Arabian and Persian gnlf s ; sometimes the Indian Ocean 
ezclasiYe of those gulfs ; often the Arabian gulf (or modem 
Bed Sea) only; sometimes (as in the text and in Xen., Theophr., 
DS. II 11 Wess., Arr., Steph. Byz., Suid.) the Persian golf only* 
See HSt., Pape-Benseler, Bost-and-Palm under ipvOpot, 



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FIRST DECLENSION. 



§ 1. ^ from €lfU. A knowledge of the ind. pres. and imperi 
of elfU is presupposed. * * makes*, produces. ' * is guarded*. 
^ * invented*. ' 'used to call*. * Comparative of fidKa. 
7 « maintains*. * adj. from wixpSty -d, -inf, * 'calls*. 
'^ dat. answering the question, Wherein ? ** * takes delight*. 
i« •nothing*, neut. of oi^tr. ^' * appears*. ** 'made*. 
^' gen. of quality ; * he made the mina of 100 drachmae*, i e. 
he fixed the value of it at 100 drachmae. 

§2. i 'out out*. « 'of the Egyptians*. » 'had'. 

* 'died*. • iraph, iroKi^ 'considerably*, greatly. • 'ex- 
tended*, enlarged. ' Whatever serves as an epithet to a 
Substantive is placed by the Greeks between the art. and 
subst. ; so here ^ iv Mvici^cur pafiKeloj 'the sovereignty in 
Mykenae*, the Mykenean crown. > 'came*. * dat. answer- 
ing the question, Why? >» 'came*, "'hail*. " /utXtj^ra, 
superl. of fi&Ka, ^ 'is by nature*. 

§ 8. ^ Le. Paris, son of Priamos. * 'carried away*. 

' Names of rivers in Greek generally stand between art. and 
subst, so § 83 n. 7. ^ ' discharges itself*. ' neut of alrxpU. 

• 'to fly*. 7 'contended*; with whom? dat ■ 'was brought 
up*. • 'adorn* (imperat); wherewith ? dat '* 'excelled*; 
wherein? dat ^^ superL of iiaXo. " 'was admired*, 
w *ftdrer*, better, from KoXbt, " 'feeds*, supports. " (art. 
ToO Kp, ludieii at, ^* ' to abstain*, with gen. ^^ ' sacrifice*. 

§ 4. ' ' brought forth'. ' ' they ascribe *. ' ' was adjudged* 
(as property). The same gen. § 95 n. 7. * The gen. depends 
on Upal ; the deity, to whom a thing is ' consecrated *, is in 
^e gen. § 83 n. 1. ' 'used to wear*. * 'began*. ^ at 

ip tJ dxp. ' those on the citadel*. ■ ' were called*. • 'they 
say *, on dit ^^ ' that Hermes was *, accus. with inf. " ' shut *. 
** 'variegated*, painted. ^' 'they call*. " 'assigned*. 
» ' limbless ' ; mere trunks without legs or arms. See § 64 n. 15. 



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168 SECOND AND THIRD DECLENSIONS, 

II. 

SECOND DECLENSION. 

§6. * 'distrust'; imperat. ' * follow'. * 'is cored', 
with dat. of instroment. ^ * conceal'. ^ * produce'. * * con- 
quered'. 7 * to follow ', with dat. ^ * had become '. * * made ', 
painted. ^® 'nursing'. ^^ * nickname'. The diminutiTes 
are contemptuous, like hoTnunctUu^, * mannikin ', 

§ 6. ^ * undertook'. * When in Greek the subject is a 
neut. pi., the verb is generally in the sing. > * is full', abundat, 
of what? gen. * * produces'. * *when dying'. • the 
dat. UepilKKq, instead of UepdiKiqjt because it is a foreign name 
in -as, and foreign, like Dorian names, ordinarily form the 

Pin. in -o, instead of -ov, ' ''committed'. * * used to carry'. 
* sowed'. i» dual imperl from €lfd, ^^ See § 9 n. 7. 

*• * lead' ; dual verb after 686. *' * of the blessed'. " 'some- 
what deficient ', with gen. i* Supply iarb, 

§7. ^'revealed*. ''appointed*. •♦ made over'. 

< » lay'. « * hatch them'. « ' founded'. ^ dx«€«^€» adrg, 
* appointed for her '. * * ravaged '. • * adorned ' ; witii what ? 
dat. In the next sentence supply i<rri ; on the neut. predicate 
see § 13 n. 8. ^® 6 fxip h-epos—h Zk *r. aXter-^-alter autem. 

" • dies', i. e. is put to death, inro with gen. * by*. *• * flies'. 
M 'many'. " 'are fed'. *» 'Hear ye I' Oyez, This was 
the technical phrase at the beginning of proclamations in 
Athens. i« 'looked', »pecto6an«. i' supply iffrly, as often 
with this word. *■ 'to use', with dat. ^ poetic for dif* 
BptoTOis. In the next sentence supply iarl. 

III. 

THIRD DECLENSION. 

a. SIMPLE. 
§ 8. * 'called'. « 'honoured'. » 'is admired'. * 'the 
Spartans with Leonidas '. § U2 n. 2. » * observed '. • * ap- 
pointed'. 7 • defeated'. * * had'. » from »a$, To<ra, vcuf. 
^•^ fromvv^. " 'sat in judgement'. " * think'. fyK. is 
subject, and Kp. predicate of 6Zyai=Iiatm esm. '' * •cashes*. 
" *seek for'. " 'goes bail for'. " 'he makes'; Cf. 'to 
make a mountam of a molehill'. ^^ Supply clo-^v. ^ ' more'. 
" ' enjoins upon', with dat. » ' to love'. 

% 9. »'took the field'. « 'the daughter'; BuydrTfp 

omitted; in appositions to proper names the Greeks generally. 

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THIRD DECLENSION: 169 

omit vU% and Ovydn/fp, and nse the art. alone ; see § 80 n. 2. 
§ 93 n. 4. e. g. KlfiuHf 6 MiXrtadoi;, * Kimon, son of Miltiade^ \ 
» gave birth to*. * * alarmed'. • ♦represent*. « The 
gen. depends on KapHav, f ip "AiSov^ * in the dwelling of 
Hades *, in the lower world ; otxtfi omitted ; as in English, St 
PauVs. See § 156 n. 2. " •devoured*. » *was brought 
up*. i<* 'abstained*; from what? gen. ** invented*. 

" Supply i<rrL " *hard*. »♦ *to speak*. " ♦not 

having', i.e. ♦ since it has not*. 

§10. ** was dedicated', sacred. ■* was fed'. ' *8aid% 
with aoo. and inf. * ♦ shoot up', are produced by. ^ 6 iypif 
yopi^t, '6tos (from iyelou)^ *he who is awake'. • 'called'. 

V 'better'; oompar. of ava^of. «' to slip'. • 'to thee', 

w ' gave '. " * I pity '. " ace. of <r6s. " Ct ♦ A burnt 
child dreads the fire*. Nocumenta^ documenta. "'would 

have known*. " ♦says*, yryov, 'that the M. became *» 

^* dppfip^j ♦male*. «0. 'owed'. xX. 'more'. 

§11. * 'came to aid*. ' fem. of r^bvi. ' 'practised.* 
^ T(i Kvrdi irhXtnoVf 'what belongs to war', the arts of war. 
* Superl. of /idXa. « ' shines forth '. ' 'wrote'. « 'was 
blinded'. • r^y belongs to tXcw. "'betrayed'. " *by 
days*. " 'used to count'. "'gave'. "'thought*. 
" adv. with art. used as adj. 'upper*. See § 61 n. 22. 
§ 76 n. 4. w ♦first*. ^^ ^^^4 Kw/iat i}Kf{tri>, ♦was inha- 
bited in several villages*; Karh. Kto/Ms-pagaHm. The popula- 
tion was not concentrated in one capital. " 'best*; superL 
of dyae6s. » See § 147 n. 1. «> ♦ are educated '. 

§ 12. 1 'begat*. ' 'namely Eirene* etc. E/piJi'i;v and 

the two following names are in apposition io'Qpai. ' ♦ was 

persecuted '. * gen. of time ; ' by day and night '. • from 
xoj. ''sought*. 7 'called*. ^ tern, oi 9U. •'slew*. 
10 ' it is fitting*, with aoc. and int *^ * obey*. ^* * used to 
say*. " 5«« ^vyaS^f 'one must banish*. " 'in every 

way '• jtdrrOf and trdaniof below, from xat. " ' generally '. 

IV. 
THIRD DECLENSION. 

b. CONTRACTED. 

§18. 1 'brought*, "'excels*. »♦ by descent *. * 'used 
tocall*. » 'besmeared*. •' are tossed *. ''begat*. « 'an 
efficacious means* ; constr. as TrUte lupus stahulis. See § 61 
n. 1. * 'is found '• "♦sang', "'called'. " 'used to 



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170 THIRD DECLENSIOit. 

Bay*. " =ie9»e\ ^ *of all *« gen. fern, of rat. ^' 'pro- 
duces'. Order: IIX. r. £f. ^ ^. /3. *« * to overcloud*, Tvith dat* 
.^' —possCy from duf^futi. " rptwy 5€ri'=tnttwi rcrum «««« 

opu<t 'that three things were needful'. ^> icarci iu^/>o$, 'piece- 
meal '; with art. •particular '. ** • flow.' '^ Supply iarly, 

§14. * 'oaUs*. ' * judge*; imperat. * 'by*, * according 
to*. -* 'performed'. • * stir up' ; sing, verb after neut. pL 
« •struck'. ' gen. of Zevf. * 'leapt forth*. • 'with 
arms ', i. e. armed. So Lat. cum gladio. ^® ' honoured .' 

*^ 'arise'. 

§16. 1 *knit'. « 'modelled*. ' supply dvyar^pa. See 
§9n. 2. * 'transformed'. ' fterd raOra, * thereupon'. 

* ' set against '. ' * kindled',. burning; part. perf. pass, from 
airra, • 'darted'. » * ravaged'. i« •thou didst over- 
come ', aor. from Kpariu. ^^ The gender of fiovs, like that 
of tn-xos and &o«, is common, but ai pder is generically used for 
Mne. ** * drove off '. 

§ 16. 1 'fabled', related. « 'used to devour'. • 'fed'. 

* ' served for hire *. * 'slew'. * 'Be willing'. ^ 'to 
hold'. * *used to call^'. • 'was at their service*, •be- 
longed'. 1® * wounds'. "* used to take '. "•batter- 
ing down '. *• ' persuading', i. e. by persuasion. ^* * said '. 
w s=ferre, ^' * when asked '. ^' irocw air^et = quantum 
distet f with gen. ^* inquiU ^ Supply dtr^own^ • are 
distant'. ** ir\4o» with gen. 'more than', ^wiv 'two'. 
» Predicate, 'as tithe'. « 'offered'. 

§ 17. * * granted '. * Jlyp, • wrote '. ' sc. i<nL * sc. 
vloi. See § 9 n. 2. ' • had '. • from xp^<rovu ^ Stair. 
X^. 'is reported to have crossed*. ^ «gave birth to'. 

* • sent *. ^* ' sailed'. ^^ * more', a greater number of men. 
" •killed'. " from ft.^v. i* Supply itrrip. On the neut. 
predicates tv4>\6v and ^XXtir^s, see § 61 n. 1. ^* ' said '. 
w •remember'. ^^ vP^ta^ 'you began', from dpxofJMi, "Sup- 
ply rjp^dfiTjp, 'I begaji.' ^* ace. of limitation ; see § 46 n. 23. 
§ 76 n. 2. *o * said ', with ace. and inf. ^ • mistress '. 

V. 
IRREGULAR DECLENSION. 

§18. 1 'gave birth to'. » * moulded*. * *was torn 
asunder'. In the next sentence supply i<rrL * 'judge'; 
imperat. « to ira\ai6vy*oi old.' • •had'. ' 'sacri- 
ficed '. • * handed down '. » * kept '. ^^^ ' advise '. 
' »^ ' to practise '. " ' saves'. " ♦ puts off '. " ' also '. 

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IRREGULAR DECLENSION. 171 

1' • nothing*, neut. of Mde^t. *• dXV if, ' except '. ^ • what *, 
from otf-re/). ^^ ical ^ay, 'e^en if '• ^ conj. pres. of c^. 

w ♦he has'. 

§ 19. ^ See § 9 n. 2. * * moxdded, created'. ' < was fed'. 

* Superl. of fiaXa, • * of ', i. e. * among the '. • * honoured '. 
' See § 9 n. 7. » • used to roU'. » *even'. " *obtam', with 
sen. " »had'. i« See § 12 n. 4. " * sent'. In the next 
sentence ioiK, * resemble ', with dat. ^* * hollow *. ^ Supply 
i<rri, " *al8o\ ^7 « longs for'. " koX idv, ^» *you 
should take away', with gen.; from dfaipita, ** predicate. 
^ «you make'. *> *It is said', with ace. and inf. The 
nom. might also stand. ** *was enamoured of, with gen. 
^ gen. abs. * When X. was making war'. ^ * seemed' (in a 
dream). *« * to see', from ipdta. ^ •far', Lat. Umge, 

§20. 1 'punish'; imperat. ^ koI-^koI, 'both— and'. 

See § 33 n. 9. ' KraffBai irpoff, * it is beoraning to acquire'. 

* * among birds'. ^ 'used to delight'; wherein? dat. 
' *the Greeks at IHon', i e. who marched against Ihoa (Troy). 
7 'came*. ^ 6r&r€ 64oito 'whenever he needed'. * 'cut 
off'. " 'bears'. " t^ iJ^ip—ri d4, 'in the one (hand)— 
in the other'. ^' ' she holds*. ^ * having been made*. 

.1* 'ordered*. " rhf fUv—rhif Zi. See n. 11. " * to fly', 
i. e. to be banished. ^^ * to follow him*. There is a play on 
another meaning, * to prosecute '. ^^ hr, d& ' made by pairs'; 
d5. is here adj. and predicate to rk %€?/)€, rd wbde and t<1> 6- 
4>BaKfjM severally. ^ ♦ greater*, from fUyw, ^ * the strong- 
est *, from jca/n'€p6r. *^ ^6\a|. ^ 'most dangerous', from 
^irur^XiJt. » 0wXaiCiJ. ^ oporUU ^ 'to post*. ^ 'is 
called*. 

VI. 

MIXED EXAMPLES ON THE DECLENSIONS. 

§ 21. 1 * let him excel*; in what ? dat. ; whom? gen. ^ 'be- 
came*. • • taught', with double ace. like docere. * 'spend 
their time*. ^ 'casts'. ^ ace. of limitation (of part af- 
fected). See § 46 n. 23. 7 * appears*. 8 <for the mother 
of him*, i. e. for his mother. ^ ^ cared*; for whom ? gen. 

i<» ' charged', with dat. " ' to keep*. " * That which*. 

" Supply ^<rr£. i* * that', from oiJros. Supply ^<rr£. ^^ from 
iiri<f>(Ufiii, 1* 'compared'. ^"^ rdit ko\. ' to flatterers ', 

partic. from Ko\aKe6<a. rodt vapaS. * such as lend ', partic. from 
TapadiS(afiu ^ ' iiCioved from place to place', part. pass, from 
tkeratfi4p<a. ^* 'Having taken up*, part. aor. mid. from 

atput, ^ ' having thrown (it) down', aor/ partic. of Kara/SdXXw.^ 

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172 MIXED EXAMPLES 

» 'this', fern. aco. of oZrot. ** *said'. •• On the nom. 
see § 63 n. 49. airrh^ rlBeadoUy * that he for his part lays down*, 

* gives '. rlOeo^Oeu pres. int mid. of ridrjiu. ^ yiyvdxrKowi^ 

* know ',* discern'. d^S. W. ^6 < ofte^ shewed *;* commonly 
shews '; on this gnomic use of the aor. see § 62 n. 40. § 76 n. 2. 

§ 22. ^ * pursue*. * tAj /terrf, 'which are associated 

with*. •* is recognised*. ** are decided'. * compar. 
of /tdXa. * ♦brings'. ' from ou$. 8 *had*. • gen. 
in answer to the question, for what ? ^^ dat. in answer to 

the question, from what motive ? ^^ * went over'. ** * bu- 
ried*. ^' ♦ feeds*. ^* *keeps*. ^ * eldest', governs the 
gen. vl^wv. " *being'. i' 'ruled*. ^® * punished'. 

^' objective gen. * offered to K.*. ^ *Uving on*. *^ *the 
whole ', from ira$. 8taf. ' spend ', from dca^cUii. ** 2 w. 5c«l 

' One must enure oneself ' ; to what T dat. 

§23. 1 'made*. » 'even*. ''surpass*. * 'trust*; 
in what ? dat. ^ ' planted*, laid out. ^ ' was blinded*. 

7 'assuaged'. * 'won*. * 'nailed down*. ^® 'wear*. 
" See § 104 n. 6. " 'rules*. " 8u«»a. i* 'have' ; 
lx«* is sing, verb after neut. pL ^ ' had*. *• ' empty*, 
with gen. as in Lat. vaxmus, inanU, ^7 <many*, from xoXt^s. 
w 'great', from fjUyas, ^* 'raise*, sing, verb after neut. pL 

§ 24. 1 'tests*. 8 'follows*. » 'used to shut*. 

* 'flowing'. * *has*. * * deified*. ^ 'murdered*. 

8 * reigned over*, with gen. ^ ' had been given*. ^® i. e. 
did. ^^ The art. denotes that the number was well known ; 
not *a thousand ships', but 'tJie thousand ships'. See lu- 
venal xii 122. ' " 'were manned'. ^' Poetic for dvdptb' 
xocr. ^^ On the neut. predicate see § 17 n. 14. Supply in 
the first line iarl, in the second tUrL ^ ' feed'. ^* 'you 
are whitening'. CI Jerem. xni 23 Can the Ethiopian change 
his skinf ^ ' hides*. Prov. of the wide infiuence of powerful 
neighbours. The shadow of Athos reached a brazen heifer in 
the market-place of Myrina in Lemnos. ^^ 'The dog to 
his chain'; prov. of those who take punishment meekly, 
w ' draws*. Of. ' The cart before the horse *. ^ « violate *. 
51 Prov. after the introduction of com. Satis glandis, ^ 'But*. 
^ 'follow the manners of the country.* Our 'Do at Bome as the 
Bomans do*. 24 i^q^ *Eavr6y for veavrdy. See §60 n. 1. 
^ 'feeding*, supporting. ^ 'you feed*, i.e. keep. Prov. of 
those who make large promises to others, when themselves de- 
stitute. 27 « to display*. '^ dwrruxvM^ Supply ^<rr/, here 
and in the last spntence. 

§ 25. 1 * are charmed'. • gen. after iiriSfffdop, ' 'pro- 
claim*. **open*, part. perf. pass, of iKrerdyyvfu, * ' 



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ON THE DECLENSIONS. 173 

•'taught*. 7*tofeed'. • 'gives'. ,» 'plot against'. 
^^ xap* cTx^ 'had as', trap, is predicate. ^^ becianse Hermes 
was ^ of eloquence. i' 'were her (daily) meal'. The 
Terb is singular, being attracted to the number of the predicate. 
" 'drank'. " birrip, 'he who has maimed'. i* 'is 

punished', with dat. of the punishment. ^^ ' abounding in *. 
Cf. the proverb ' Physician, heal thyself '. ^t* ' is cau^t '. 

^ 7Xwifeta, 'sweet'. ^* gen. abs. perf. part, of iK\eirr(a\ 'when 
the guard has deserted (his post) '. ^ ' if you are '. ^ 'you 
wQl use'^ fut. of x/xio/iat. ^ Predicate; 'as a law'. Cf. 

1 Tim. 1 9 'The law is not made for a righteous man'. 
« 'brought forth'. «* After the death of Polykrates Syloson 
by favour of Dareios made himself master of Samos; his 
harshness caused a great emigration. Hence the proverb. 
^ 'cheated'. ^ The rhetorician Hermogenes published an 
admired treatise on rhetoric when 18 years of age, in the reign 
of M. Aurelius; but in his 25th year forgot fdl that he had 
known. ^ Prov. bird and egg being alike bad eating. When 
Korax, the Sicilian rhetorician, the first writer on rhetoric, sued 
his pupil Tisias for his tuition fees, Tisias replied : 'If you win 
the cause, then I have learnt nothing and you shall recover 
nothing; if you lose, then by the sentence I owe you nothing '. 
On which the judges exclaimed jc. k, k. w. ^ ' (Sends) 

greeting', x* (^^«)' Form of address in letters. «>' Money 
makes the man '. •* ' was in labour'. '^ From dvorlKTuft 
'brought forth'. '^* you lend'. •* 'brings forth', xod^ 
'is present with*. •* Supply iarl. Hence the Engl, 'tne 

sinews of war '. 

§ 26. ^ = xoxots and dv^/xuroct. An old form of the dat. 
used also by the Attic poets. * 'do good to'; imperat. 

* from xoXvs. * 'withdraw', sing, verb after neut. pi. See 

g 27 n. 15. and below n. 6. * aoc. ; * in height '. • * pro- 
cure ' ; sing, verb after neut. pi. ' * ruin '. ^ < ascribed '. 
In the 2 sing, of the imperat. of rldrffu etc. riOei, Vmi^ ZL^ov, 
deUcvv are used. So in the imx>erf. sing. h-Wtis^ irlSeti as if 
from Ti$4<a, ^ 'sowed'. ^® 'lived'; on what? dirb 

with gen. " gen. after ywtuKa, *• 'carried away'. 

*' XP^^f^ » ^'^o^ xpM^Mt. ^* 'for*. ^* 'when he saw'. 

w<said'. ^^XcX. o{f<r, *of petrified wealth*. Supply 

ifrrl after rd^s. "^ * when taunted '. ^ Supply iarL 

^ Predicate ; as in Lat. viaticum mme sapientiam, *^ ' Take 
with you ', as your outfit. " Prov. from the heroes' suffer- 

ings in Homer. 

§27. ^*lead'. » oWcit oiJ^Arw, *no man ever yet'. 

On the double negative see § 50 n. 39. ' Out of the negative 
oifiils supply ' many a one '» So in Latin aio oat of nego^ 



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•^ 



174 MIXED EXAMPLES 

vt out of ne. * ** acquired*. ^Proin xoXvs. ''are 

inbred in ', are inseparable from. 7 < departed '. * ' fable \ 
followed by aoc. and inf. **was transformed*. ^^''set 
over ' ; over what ? dat. " ksriv, ^* * to be caught \ 

^' *to*; used of approach to persons, eft to places. See § 73 n. 30. 
^^ ' teaches '. ^ * is distant ', with gen. Sing, verb after neut. 
0. See § 26 n. 4. " Supply ktrri. ^7 * even *. w * to 

learn'. ^ Kok—KoX^et—eU § 20 n. 2. «> *is angry*; 

with whom? dat. Two of a trade can never agree. In last line, 
^<We(, * envies', with dat. 

§ 28. * * put upon* ; #:6<r/ior is predicate. ' «coto^. X/y. 

*is said to have killed'. '*gjave'; dirfx. is predicate. 

* * from *. * * when flying ', by their flight. « * announce '. 
7^ be silent*. * ^brings'. * Dat. in answer to the ques- 
tion, by what? according to what? '^^ *are to be trained'; 
supply ei<rf. "'dwelt*. "*far*. ^^ • surpassed*, with 
gen. 1* Supply ^(tW. " ^f . "3^. i' rA ^^. < at first*, 
^s Ace. of limitation (of part affected) ; see § 21 n. 6. In Lat., 
claudui utroque 'ptde, \*icoi ohn, 

§ 29. ^ * glorify*. * * slips*. ' Ztannv itroiovirroy 'es- 

teemed great', i.e, made much of. * *was condemned to 
death*. **setup'. (n/zucta is t>redicate. •* called*. 

7 * built*. Arifi, and K6p. are gen. after yetbs, ' * when 

he saw*. • * blushing*. Qdppeif *he of good cheer*. ^' * are*; 
sing, verb after neut. pL See § 26 n. 4. What is the English 
proverb? " *When asked*. ^' * said*. " Supply itrrl, 
here and twice in the next sentence. 

§ 30. * •associate'; with whom? dat. ' *go to and 

fro'. • eorum, * * await*. * •hearkeiii*. • Kcd fx4pToi 
KcUt * aye and even*. 7 * foUow*. Observe the change from 

sing, verb to plur., where the subject is the same. ^ * cover*. 
^ The following genitives further define irdmop tup $priTQv; 
•namely, of kings' etc. ^® Kal fUya 4>p(0, *■ and of those who 
(in life) were proud * etc. " *they call*. " • do you not 

trust?' with dat. ^ • calls '. ^* * having desired', with gen. 
^* *also'. "* lost besides*. ^f ^xrp^lj i^ri, ^y<5ei}$, like 

indigent, takes the gen. 

§ 31. 1 'fabled*, with ace. and inf. « See § 9 n. 7. 

' X^rrat Kwttv^ *is reported to move*. * *was called*. 

^ In Greek adjectives, and phrases which stand in the same 
relation to a subst. as adjectives do, may follow the subst. with 
repetition of the art.; as here €9voiap rijv tit cTt., * his good- 
will to all*, = his universal goodwill. ^ 'encountered*. 



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ON THE DECLENSIONS. 175 

T * defeated*. ■ * greatly*. • *were distingcushed*. 

^* *left behind him*. ^ * minds', * cares for*, with gen, 

" '1 think*. Order: w/i. Tap, dea. (cZvot) 6fi. 96//^. i» 'think*, 
imperat. ** iirl. The same prep, governs pcKpi}. ^* ^/i- 
Tt<l>vpiiiv9i ifcrap plnp. pass, from ifi^vpfa ; *had been huddled*. 
18 5^. ^7 * I make*, ^pnsishere *anomen*. ^^ 'thee*. 
'• Supply ^0tZ. x£<rT4f is predicate. 

§ 82. * Ay lx?7 "»» * ^ * ni'ui Gifts'. ' *he has*. * *said'. 

* 6uT€id, •must obey*; dc«, like oportetj takes ace. and inf. 
^ * of the men who live with them * (part. pres. of awotKiw)^ i.e. 
*of their husbands*. ' *had*. 7 * down his back'; %,e, on 
his back. ^ « get sail*. • * gave*. ^* "Btrrt ifo2 ^/Aof-=3 
Est mihi qttoque, *1 too have a lock upon my tongue*. 
11 *even*. " 'gives*. " 'follows*, with dat. KjJpvc is 
vocat. ^* 'you bought*, from dyopd^, ^ * at the same 
cost*, gen. of price, see § 118 n. 10. " dv 177. 'you might 
have bought*. ^' 'you are*. *' * eat*, with dat. of instr. 
i» ♦ run*, with dat. of instr. 

VII. 

ADJECTIVES. 

§ S3. * with gen. of person, to whom a thing is sacred. 
§ 4 n. 4. 2 (x^cupot and kCup (dog) are very frequently fem., 

where the sex is not specially insisted on ; so usually 07 Apicros 
(bear), if Kdfiv^ot (camel). ' xadap, with gen. ; so Kadaipta, 
§ 90 n. 6. * ♦ made*. * * even*. « • finds'. 7 See § 3 n. 3. 
« ♦ flows*. • See § 20 n. 2. *• ' needs *, with gen. like Lat. 
indiget. ^^ 'of one who is wealthy*. ^* Supply iarl, 

" Used here as a subst.; see § 38 n. 19. " • called*. " ' has 
been united with*, from 9wdpy<a. It takes the dat. 

§ 34. \ * made away with*. ' 'gave*. ' 'with which*, 
from 6i, * 'conducted to the shades*. ^ ' slew*. 

« 'shew*. ''sent*. • 'had*. » 'imposed*. "'to 
bring*. " Supply ^<n-/. " xoWa. " 'are a care to*, 
ewrae nmt. Sing, verb after neut, pL ^* * say*, imperat. The 
Tiat. * Ne multa, sed multum*. ^ dXX«L ^' ' become *. 

17 /benefits*. ^ 'sees*. i* 'seeing*. ^ 'thinks*. 

§ 85. * * lived', led. * ' hamper*, impede. ' ipyov 

iffrlpy *it is a work', i. <. it is hard. *' to dissolve *. 

* 'called*. • 'loves*. ' « hates*. « 'has*. » 'be- 
come*. Sing, verb after neut. plur. " * sets before one*. 
^ ^wpplj irrlp, " ' thin *y {.«. fine, subtle. " 'produces*. 



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176 ADJECTIVES. 

14 TA,, — ^jr^a^ »him who is*. ^* iet ehcu^oporUt esse, *• oL 
TXrifflw, * they who are near', i. «. his neighbours. Cf. § 41 
n. 16. *7 *may reverence (him)*. ^ * may fear*. 

§ 86. 1 *to separate*. * 'had*. » * makes*. 

** called*. ** brought*. •* they say*, on <ft7. '* go- 
verned*, with gen. ^ from rls, * in apposition to r6rov 
BaO.; * namely Hades*. ^^ *says*, with ace. and inf. 
" * dwell*. " *also'. ^ =oportet, "'brings*. 
16 *both'. ^* * beyond*. ^^ *gape*, from x^^'^c'* ^' aZt- 
enunit i. «., that of the parent bird. ^^ * delights*. Birds of 
a feather etc. ** Supply iffrl, koi^k — koI o6k. *^ * contains*. 
The same belly is content with a little, and yet suffices for an 
Apicius. *^ Kod dXlya, ^ with gen. * befitting*. jco))=s«coU oi). 

§37. ^i.«. x"/>«' ^ 'keep*. .''maintain*. * 'be- 
ing', part. pres. from elfd; we say 'mortal as thou art*. * See 
§ 32 n. 4. ^ pres. inf. from tlfd. 7 neut. ace. of oOdels. 

8 * accomplished'. ® ' supplies *. ^® * for (each) day *, 

t. e. daily. " * we wear*. ^* * have *, i. e. bring with them. 
13 'endeavour*, imperat. " 'to entrust*. ^^ «to look 

into '. ^* Supply i<rTL ^"^ Partitive gen. ^8 « -^ag ^ 

repute*. " Supply iarl, ^o «they turn*, i. e, 'betake 
themselves to * {iirl), 'embrace*. ^^ 'both*. ^ 'it has*. 
^ Supply iirrly. •* ' To speak much, and to speak to the 
point, (are) different things'; x« properly 'apart'. *' Supply 
iarlu. •* ' to turn cobblers'. ^ Hor. non cuivis homini con- 
tingit adire Corinthum, the centre of fashion and luxury. 

§ 38. 1 'to contradict*. * 'had*. » 'becomes*, is 

found to be. * • achieved*. ^ i entwined* ; part. perf. pass. 
from. v€pia"ir€ipd(a. ^ 'those who saw (them)*. 7 *made 

them*, 'converted them into'. * X. * say ', imperat. dXXeC. 
• gen. after xXrfpTjs. So Lat. plentu piscium, ^® 'cor- 

rupt'. 1^ jcprjard. ^^ $4. Supply elfflv, ^' ' even*. 

^* 'barley bread* )( <f/>r. 'wheaten bread'. Proverbially used 
when one awards a second prize. Supply i<rri ^^ ' insti- 

tuting suits*. i« 'you are mad'. ^7 «May I be*. 

^* Compar. of /aoXo. ^^ ica*c6f is here used as a subst. See 
§ 33 n. 13. So in JJht nobilis indocti, ' the unlettered lord'; 
veteres caeci etc. ^o Supply ^or/y. ^^ oXXd. ^ 'is king'. 
» ♦ I call'. 34 ^j^^fy^ 26 i. ^. Megalopolis. «» * even'. 



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DEGREES OF COMPARISON. 177 

VIIL 
DEGREES OF COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES. 

§ 89. ^ * says '. ' partitiTe gen. after saperl. as in Lat. 

* 8C. iirrlv. * See § 20 n. 2. * * renders'. • part. pres. 
of dyi\ * although he was'. f ol {f\l/ri\ol rQ>v rhxtaw, we seldom 
say in English, * Of situations the elevated' etc., but rather 

* Elevated situatioiiS' etc. ^ Hhan the low' ; as in Lat. the 
abl. or quoM^ so in Gr. the gen. or ^ follows the compar. 

* partic. pres. of vockia, ^® *in the ni^^t'. ^^ Supply iorL 
IS *From common (i.e. public^ cares (ie. functions) retire', 
imperat. ^^ dWeC ^^ * to oear witness against', ¥^th gen. 
^^ oiiK i^. P€(aT,=minorinatunon licet. ^^ *have'. Sing, 
verb after neut pi. ^' * say', imperat. w «keep', imperat 
^» *we have'. ^ *we may hear', ^ «we may say'. 
23 *to rule', with gen. 

§ 40. 1 *have'. ■ See § 37 n. 4. » dx. 9ik€. *be 

willing to listen to', with gen. * 'buried together with'; 
the dat. pafftKevffi is governed by this verb. ^ ' become'. 

* ol fUv—6l S4, 'some — others', aliir-aliu 7 from ovdcls. ' o2 
Xodpovrest * the merry'. • * having become', from ylyyofieu, 
w * did', nvd ru " * turned out*. " Supply i<rrl. 
13 * serve*. 

§41. iSee§39n.8. Supply^or/. 2« celebrated*. » 'make*. 
^ 'renders'. ^ 'of what is pleasant'. ^ 'arise amongst'n^ 
7 « draw together', are yokefellows. • Supply ierl, ® * to 
obtain', from rvyxo'f'^af. It takes the gen. ^^ * that which', 
gen. after ^p^. From 3j, ijf, o. i^' 'loves'. "'to feed'. 

13 t to raise', t. e. buUd. i^ toiovtos olos, ' such a man as to*; 
i.e, * It is his character to'—, takes inf. ^* 'to say*; ^ ^ 
vvv ay. 'the men of this day*. Cf. ol T\ri<rlw § 85 n. 16. 
17 « cheap'. ^ ' have become ', from yiyvofixu. ^ ' are in 
town'. ^ 'after'. The eXycu depends on \(y€w; ob- 

serve the change of construction from \iy€ip 5rt elffi etc. to the 
inf. 21 « would send'. » «ram*. «i 'will be', fui of 
el/d, 24 «iife'. The inl with art. is used as a'subsi as in 
Lat. Scire tuum nihil est^ nisi te scire hoc seiat alter. ' Your 
own knowledge is nothing, unless another knows that you know'. 

§ 42. 1 ' is produced*. * 'not to love'; rtva (from r^r, 
' who ?') depends on ^tXetr. * 'had been crucified'. * neut. 
pi. of adj. is used as superl. of adv.; mvs more often forms its 
compar. and superl. regularly. ^ 'creep' (same root as serpo)* 
« 'to avoid*. • . 7 Supply itrrl. Pro?, like 'The skin is 

12 

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178 DEGREES OF COMPARISON. 

nearer than the shirt'; * Charity begins at home'. ^ b. dfi. 

*he who milks'. • Sup{)ly i<rrlp, ^^ 6 inro. *he who 

sets under', *puts down'. ^^ Of. Chancer's phrase * lean as a 
fake'. ^* Froja drofiavdavta : 'to unlearn'. ** * being' 

i. e, * whilst he was', part. pres. from elfd, ** tQp crufi, drjK. 
gen. abs. * when... become effeminate'. ^ *also'. ^^ ♦be- 
come ' . ^7 * when asked '. ** * said'. dpx^Wf • to rule ' , with gen. 

§43. ^ * has *, causes, "arises'. * far'. * 'to bear'. 
^imfi, iiroiT)ff,=iv€fi€\'ffd'ij<rav *were devoted to', with gen. 
see § 62 n. 6. • * inhabits '. 7 < called *. * i. e. fpiara, 

« d}Oi<L 10 ' to advise '. " i. e. tA dXij^^. X^. * to say '. 

12 * when asked '. " Supply i<rrlv. " ' said '. ^^ * I 

admire '. i* * temperate '. t6 fUy — ij 8i, illud — haec, ^^ ' a- 
bides '. w * avoids '. ^^ * fighting* ; against what ? dat. 

«• 'saves'. 21 Supply g/^. aa ; 

keep *, fUKpd, ^ *you will lose '. 

§ 44. 1 inf. from €lfd, ' * render '. ' * has been '. * * was 
deemed worthy', with gen. ^ * burnt'. ^ gen. after d^ios 
(dignusaliquare), ' Supply ^drf. * 'called*. ® 'was judged 
worthy of, with gen. KpiBdsy 'when judged', from Kplyca. 
10 'when mixed', with what? dat. " rdis Tp4<l>, 'the things 
that feed'. "'it makes'. "'said'. 

§ 46. 1 sc. i0rl» • ' to have '. ^ t3 iavrdv yiy, * to 

know one's self ', as in Lat. »ui amor ' self-love '. See luv. xi 27 
e caelo descendit ypQOi ceaxn-bv. See § 162 n. 26. * supply 
iroKtav, ^from icarw; as in Latin primua fiomprae, • See 
vocabulary under irpoifpyov. 7 j^y^ rid, ' one must regard *. 
* * said '. * * of existing things '. ^^ ' contains '. " ' runs '. 
12 < masters *. " ' discovers '. i* ' to rule,' with gen. '^ * to 
remain'. " ' to live in the open air', abroaid. ^^ « to care for ', 
with gen, ^^ « gjiall gain strength '. i** * will be', i e. endure ; 
from €l/d. 20 1 1 am able '. 21 < t^ mate '. It was a boast 
of certain sophists that they could ' make the worse appear 
the better reason' (Milton). 22 c nothing', i.e. 'not at all'. 
23 BIkcuos elfAi with inf. 'it is right that I should', 'I have a 
right to', irXiop lx« ^^ ^^"^^ more. 24 * I escaped*; 'ran 

away from *• 

IX. 
NUMERALS. 

§46. ^ 'had'. * *said*. » 'lying', placed. * 'made 
war'; on whom? dat. * *weare composed*. • dat. in 

answer to the question, within what time ? 7 < -warred down', 



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NUMERALS. 179 

overcame in war. ' * lived*. • 'reigned*. w ij^ 

. addition to'. ^^ gen. of price. Like an Ittdian organ grinder 
he must be bribed to stop playing. ^^ * he plays the flute*. 

^5 * he ceases*. i* *take'. ^s* makes*. ^* Supply ^o-t/. 
The famous march of the younger Eyros up the country ((bcC- 
/3a<r(s) to Babylon, and the retreat to the sea {Kardpaffis) of the 
10,000 Greek mercenaries after the battle of Eunaxa a.d. 401, 
are here spoken of. ^"^ * Not even H. is a match for two*. 

18 'made war*. ^* Ace. of duration of time. '* * was at 

the head of, with gen. ^ d. d. 'wanting two*, *60 save two'. 
So in Lat. duo-de-sexagikita, ^ *had*. ^ Ace. of limita- 
tion. See § 76 n. 2. 

8 47. ^ *were trained', To^ejkip, *to shoot with the bow*. 

* dKoyr, » to throw the dart*, <£X. * to speak truth*. • * were 
called*. * ol — deaxSrcu 6yrei^ 'those who were owners*. 
^ belongs to Bo(av. dvo indecL is used for nom. gen. dat. ace. ; 
Suoti' gen. and dat. •'imposed'. '* to bring'. * <3i', 
*who was'. • 'became'. ^^ 6 xeir. 'the man of 
education*. ^^ *is troubled*. " xvpos dx apt, 'cube 
from an even number*. ^* * exceeds*. ^* 'is exceeded*. 

* 4 is the arithmetic mean between 1 and 7, because it exceeds 
1 by 3 (this is the force of the dat. rpidSi) and 7 exceeds it 
by 3 '. 15 'to have stated', that the moon's bulk was y^ of 
the sun's. ^* ' is said*. ^"^ gen. after Six, and rp, * with 
two or three times themselves', i,e, their own numbers. 
18 iyfjXL fight*. ^ 'received'. ^ Depends on iKaaros, 
*i /A A. ddxr. 'when on the point of being buried'. ** 'came 
to Ufe again*. ^ gen. of. iy<i>. fivp, Vw"* * *en thousand 
times as much as we* have. ** 'has'. ^ Ai' xoiri<r. 
'would do'. On the form xolrja: see § 62 n. 17. ^ gen. 
after fivpiox, 

§ 48. 1 'called*. ' Supply /Av/H<i5as. ' 'brought', 

imperf. of dyu. * 'the so-called (from KoXiu) Graeae*. 

5 dxb Was, 'from youth up* (as we say * from a child'). See 
94 n. 6. § 146 n. 11. « 'had'. 7 'these', i.e. the eye 

and tooth. ^ «lent*. • gen. after toXX. i^ ' The greater 
number is a multiple of the less, whenever it is measured by 
the less*, i.e. contains the less a certain number of times, with- 
out remainder. ^^ 6 xepiex* *that-which-is contained*. *A 
square number is that-which-is like like-times, [u e. the-same- 
number the-same-number-of -times-over, ue. the-same into-the- 
same or A x A, where A is any whole number], or the-number- 
which-is contained 1^ [=the product of ] two equal numbers'. 
E. g. TpU Tploy 'thrice 8*, is UraKH t<roi dpiBfds; for the mul- 
tiplier (wmch is expressed by the adv.) is the same as the 
multiplicand, which is expressed by tne cardinal numeral. 



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180 NUMERALS. 

^' = opwtet, . ^^ fip. ix* * *o remember*, with gen. ^* * ho 
rules*. 1^ 'said that... bears.* i« Partitive gen. ^f *ia 
consecrated'. ^^ ty^Q ^^o has a mind at-two [= double] for 
single tongue*, t. e, * whose one tongue serves a double mind, 
speaking now fair, now foul*. 

X. 
PRONOUNS. 

§ 49. 1 * gave*. * * educate*. • * thon wilt be ', 

(from elijJ), kuk, is gen. after aX. * 'have killed' (from dvanpita). 
o <is like', withdat. ^ * occupy*. ' belongs to /caXXiarov. 
8 «make', imperat. * 'endures*. ^® *when asked*. 

" * answered*. " gc. ^^rrf. " *has*. " *said'. ^ *threa- 
tenest*, rivlri. ^^ Supply dreiXci, 'threatens*. ^'^ *died*. 
'8 ax. T. i*. 'having met the living brother *. ^* 'asked'. 

*> *Was it you that died?' 21 toeing in diflSculties*. ^ * was 
selling'. ^ 'writing*. ^4 *Eejoice with', imperat. 

25 » feed*, support. Sing, verb after neut. pi. See § 6 n. 2. 
2« Supply iroXifiiol elai. "^ 'saying*. ^ 'is thought*, 

so 'I have*. «> KaX iyih, 'I also*. »! 'to do*. »« e/ ^^A. 
♦ if you are willing*. ^ ' to follow*. ** ' am willing'. 

^ i. e. Tii'a. ^* Set ^. oportet quaerere. ^ ABin Lat. 

Z7n(2e e£ ^t^ ? on meeting a friend. 

§ 50. ^ airrwp used for ijfMuv airCov. See § 55 n. 16. 
' ' procure in addition'. * ' abides*. * * to be praised*. 

^ The gen. of the personal pron. can in Gr. supply the place of 
the possessive ; iavrod is always used for the possessive of the 
drd person ds, ^, 6vy which is not used in Attic prose. See 
§94n. 4. 'supports*. 7 'care for*. * 'converses'; 
with whom? dat. » propter ea. 1® 'they are displeased'. 
^1 'to rear*. "'to benefit*. "'begets'. "'selling*. 
** 'as a sample*.^ i« 'carried about*. ^^ Jqjc. eXvax, 'seems 
to be*. 18 t 5j* a^^ « for ing own sake*. ^^ Supply ^<rrfi'. 
^ Observe the contrast with iv i}^ 'in which [i.e. while at 
home]— abroad*. *i ' I think*. ^ ' to discern*. ^s x^. 
ciToir. 'is said to have slain*. ^ Xfy. ^k$. 'is said to have 
flayed*. ^ vlk. ip. * after conquering him when contending*. 
^ 'with him*, i. «. Apollo. ^7 <i gee*. ^ 'playing*. 

«> <I am charmed*. ^ 'it appears*. '^ «We do*. »» d 
Ay 4>aty, 'whatever appears*. ^ E/ ft A. kti^o-. 'If we are 
to acquire*. ^ dei yep^ 'must become*. ^ iirlrb avX, 
'for helping', with dat. «« 'made*. »7 <to speak*. 

•* Xprj fioMBk 'it is necessary to learn (it)*. ^ olw re Ar 

7^i». 'would become able*, *> * to govern*. 



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PRONOUNS. 181 

§ 51. ^ *to enquire*. * sc. icrL ' 'bears'. * 'seem*. 

* *await*. • BO, elffiy, '^ *were troubled*. 8 *willlove*. 

* Avr. ^ei almost =XuTi7p6y ^orti'. See § 143 n. 11. ^<^ 'save*. 
Order: e/ o". r. )3. tws ifi., k. ^^ 'you keep*. " v/t. T/}o<r. 
cli'ot, 'you are bound to be*. " * reverence*, imperat. 
1* N6/A. cri'ot, 'think that...are*. ^ 'gratify', with dat. 
^* Kcd a&r, et ipse, *he too*, like his brother. ^7 «has*. 
*8 Ti7Xiic. wore Ix* * 8^ la^© as to have it (ajJrii')*; ue, 'so great 
that it has (employs) it* etc. ^^ Supply iari. vaiouai, 'inha- 
bit.* ^ w/t. elvat, 'think that... is'. *^ * carries about*. 
The Lat. proverb omnia mea mecum porto, ^ t6 airrbt 
^the same*, i. «. 'at once*. ^ 'are approaching*. 

§ 52. ^ fxoi Tis dv, * can one have ?* ' * prefer*, rivd 

TLvos, * 'far*. * *plot against*. * \6yov vevolrjTai, 'has 
spoken*, perf. mid. Toi€T<r$ai with a subst. can always be sub< 
Btituted for the verb which belongs to that subst. Toieladat 
67ipav=i6'ripav. See § 43 n.6. ' 'business*, i.e. problem. 7 <to 
know*. 8 'founded*. * 'close under'; so in Lat. «u& ipso 
vertice, ^® 'named*. " 'you excel*; whom? gen. in 

what? dat. ^^ 'you will surpass', whom? gen. in what? 
dat. From Siaipipu. " 'will not cease'. ^* 'from trifling'. 
'* 'is gotten*. " 'have spoken*. ^^ toK. Bj^ elw. 'would 
venture to say*. On the form roXfi. see § 47 n. 25. ^^ ^cc. 
of limitation; ♦see § 76 n. 2. ^^ 'became*. ^ from dtda, 
ijXiK. — t<r/i€v=qtuintam nullum aliam extitUse scimus, ^^ * sin'. 
oirSaa i^. = qiiot peccant 'Whatever sins men commit'; 
ox. cognate ace. See § 56 n. 19. ^ ' think'. 23 t g^Q 

prosperous*. It is Bentham's maxim, ' The greatest happiness 
of the greatest number'. ^4 ijg governed'. ^ = rivd. 

^ oIk. dr, X07. 'telling certain pitiful stories'. ^^ ir. a^. 'try 
to bring (men)*. *8 toeing', i.e. when you are. ^ rd a&rd. 
^ 'decide*. raiirA yiy. 'pass the same sentence*. ^^ 'doing'. 

§ 53. ^ 'imposed*. * Lat. alios aliis labores. ' 0a<y/»', 
' they say* = * the saying is ' = oi wnt. * ' have ' . ^ * was 

honoured'. • 'was in repute*. ^ iOiXio aKoveiv^ 'I wish 

to hear*. *' thou hast*. •'appears'. 1® 'desires*. 
1^ cuiusviSf * anything, of what kind soever*; from 6<rTi<rovv, the 
gen. depends on rvyxAveip. ^* 'to obtain*. ^' ' if he has not 
obtained * . ^* ' has ' . ^^ ' says * . ^* gen. governed by KpeiTTov, 
See § 39 n. 8. ^7 <in the sea-fight*; so vincere Olympia. 
See § 145 n. 23. ^8 'conquered'. i» ol fierit A. See § 8 
n. 4. 2® 'contended'. 21 * arguments'. ** 'inconclu- 
sive*; supply elfflv, ^ 'therefore*. 24 Supply elfiL ^ 'con- 
clusive', 'cogent*. ^ Supply ^o-Wi'. ^ gives emphasis 
tocru; ^you\ ^ 'against themselves*, i.e. 'against one 
''-'■' Seen. 35. « : ' 

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182 PRONOUNS. 

rdv e/r. * to him who said*. ^ jccucwj Xfy. "with ace. *to speai 
iU of*. Pee § 54 n. 27. '^ ' (yes) for'. «* kclKus \iy. witlj 
ace. *to speak well of*. ^ * he learnt*, from fiavOduuj, 

** *love*. ^ * themselves* *i. e. *one another*. See n. 28. 
** <J M-VX' *^® ^^o contrives*. ^ *tums round*. Cf. EngL *hoist 
with his own petard*. ^ * when asked*. ^ * answered*. 
** Kal ydpf the Lat. etenim^ *for indeed*. *^ Supply irdpeariv. 
** *is present*. ** * speaks*. ** ^/rya. ** ^ri ols *upon [on 
occasion of] which*. ** al(rxpd. ^ gen. after ^pya. *^ *I 
praise*. ** * said'; or *he said*. ^ fi^ ip, * that . . do not 
ask *. *^ gen. absolute. See § 67 n. 21. * when one asked*. 
62 «to repel'; inf. after UavoL ^ *when he saw*, from 

opdio, ^ * not having*; agrees with (rrpaT&ireSov and governs 
<rrpaTrjy6v. ^ ' has '. ^ * Thou wilt know '. In the Engl. 
Bible we read 'I know thee, who thou art*, and this is the usual 
Gr. construction ; in Engl, however we say commonly * I know 
who thou art*. So here for * Thou wilt know the Deity, that He 
is*, translate * Thou wilt know that the Deity is*. ^^ (Sffre. 

*8 <to care for*, with gen. ^ vij/xa, ^ Supply clir^/ta. 

For the thought cf. St James i 13^15. *^ * About what 

o'clock ?* *^ gen. after vrjvlKa as in Lat. ubi terrarum f 

^ Tota. ** ATTaioTTivd. *^ firra for drtva. •• *you 

did*. ^ 'observed*. ^ i. e. rti'cJf. *• 'staying*. 

^ 'fighting*, T(p uc, rivl, 'with any one*. ^ 'to be in 

company with*. ''* ' also*. '* ' there springs up in*, 

with dat. TTpbs ovs etc., i. e. wphs €K€tvovs ovs &c, ' towards all 
whom I suppose to have a friendly feeling [to be kindly af- 
fected] towards me*. On ^x<^ '^th th« adv. see § 143 n. 11. 

XI. 
VERBS. 

§ 54. ^ gen. after T/)o^o/tev. « gen. after dpxowrt. 

• 'what is utterly opposed'. * whom her father Akrisios im- 
prisoned in a tower. ^ 'a kind of Danae*; Danaen qtiandam, 

* cf. 'A -day too late for the fair'. 7 iv air. yly, 'is put in 
the wrong*, * is blamed*. ^ if^j ^^^^ Qf^ 4 q^^q ^ dog a bad 
name and hang him*. • nom. fem. ^^ neut. pi, ^^ Dio- 
genes was one of the cynics or dog-philosophers ; often called 
simply ' dogs * . ^^ Sc. ddKvof. ^^ * I may save (them) * , con j . aor. 
from (Ttifw. " 'yet being*, i.«. 'while still*. ^^ The 
Hermes-busts had heads without limbs : see § 4 n. 15; so Ph. says 
of the Athenians, they neither move nor strike. ^^ * when 
asked*. ^"^ irws dv tu fwX eW. *how one might have best re- 
port*. ^8 ^oX, Kar, *. gen. abs. 'when Ph. gained many 
successes.' ^^ irp, r. <rwTp, * to those who were brought up 

. with (him)'. 20 < y^R leave*. 21 ge^^ ^ijg^ tjj^t when the 



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VERBS IN CO. PRES. AND IMPERF. ACT. 183 

boys said*. ** 5n is often used after verbs of saying, even 

where the very words spoken follow. Here instead of ' said, tliat 
it was for him (AL) that he (Ph.) aoquiretl'; or, 'said, it is for you 
that he acquires', we have 'said, that it is for you that he ao- 
quirea*. See § 168 n. 6. ** • said he'. ** *do', conj. aor* 
from wpdrru, ** ^cOy**. ^ gen. after o^tof. See § 44 n. 6. 
V ace. after kok. Uy. Cf. 8 68 n. 30 ; § 67 n. 16. « * being 

mortal', i. e, * mortal as won art'. See § 66 n. 28. ^ < sub- 
tly', 'precisely*. *• The dual verb often follows the pL 
noun, where two things are spoken of: so also the pi. verb 
follows the dual noun. See Madvig's Gr. Synt. § 1 a n. 1—8. 
^ ' that they might not look off (from other things) to'; ' might 
not fix their regard upon'. 

I 65. ^ 'consists'. * velut, 'for example*. See §105 

n. 1. § 117 n. 6. ' The inf. in Gr. is converted into a subst. 
by prefixing the art., and can be inflected through all cases. 

* sc. a^T/if. * imperai • * by ', t. «. by the standard of, 
with reference to. Cf. n. 21. ^ aor. of <rToi/W^, * busied 
himself about * (repc), * made a serious study of. ^ * used to 
cure', imperf. of IdofiM. • * cutting' and * burning', ampu- 
tation and cautery. ^^ Supply laxvci. " with opt. * when- 
ever'. ^ ' hindered*, followed by /ti;, which is not translated 
in Engl. * I hinder you from saying', * I prevent your saying', 
is KwXiktf 0-€ /i^ \4y€tM. ^=8enum erat. See § 8 n. 16. 
1* Supply ii». " Tp6BaKke. "=<reawr#. See § 60 n. 1. 
*'' dat. after (ruk. ^ * also*. ^ dat. governed by the 
aw in ffvyicar. ^ gen. abs. *when a friend died*. ^ 'in 
proportion to' cf. n. 6. ** *of the deceased'. ^ * being'; 
i. e. 'brothers at you are*. See i 54 n. 28. ^ 'what is for 
the advantage', * what is advantageous', with dat. ^ Prov. 
of those who always succeed. 

§ 66. * X^yw. * The oonstr. is, d 8«a0. 4tpwfic€i etc. 
The Gr. part, with art. is translated by a relative clause ; here 
o2 $ta^. ' They who excel '. * ot^ t4 eZ/u, 'I am able', with inf. 

* constr. ip6/uh>p ydp t6 rOp 0€^ elvcu (ace. with inf.). * #8«. 

* A proper name. ^ * ttiey say *. • * the son of Lagos *, 
see I 9 n. 2. • Gf . our Lord's saying in the Acts, * It is more 
blessed to give than to receive.* In the next sentence rods ipr. 

* which crept *. " ' says *. " * when he learnt ,* aor. 
of fiwedpiit. " Omit Td in Engl. " * lives *. ^* * hav- 
ing bought*. " gen. abs. ^^ toO iripov. ^'^ gen. abs. 
' if the one is angry '. w iiyrtr. "> xoXKiy a cognate 
ace. T. ^.j3. * put many deceits upon mortals*. See § 62 n. 21. 
^ oiih oUafLoVf 'noudng and of no account*. o^a/toO often 
=nullo loco (hdbere etc.). ^* ye. ** 'against those who 
have power over thee*, with gen. For the proverb, see Acts 
IX 6- " rXeiara. ** * I see *, with participle. 

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184 VERBS m io. PRES. AND IMPERF. 

§ 57. * 6voiUt(a, ' V^Kta, • dToaKdnma. * awdyt^, 
^ TpoKiyta, vp6 in composition often forms a crasis with the 
«yllabic augment ; ir/)o<hre/A^a for ^poixeixfa. See also § 100 
n. 1. § 119 n. 4. § 160 n. 6. • W. T gen. after /3ovX. 

8 xdira, ace. after 0X17^. • * is wont '. ^^ re. ^^ * collecting'. 
" after xotct. " Supply ^(iXXctv. " * makes \ ^v * to live '. 
^*when he heard*. ^ ace. after ic.X. See § 64 n. 27. 

17 <said he*. ^ 'when one is doing well (to a man)*, with 
aco. ^*^ If. 6x,=7nale avdire, * to be evil spoken of ' by him, used 
as pass, of /cajcwj X^cw', n. 16. ^^ fivo^fi, rd. *0. * on. being 
initiated into* etc. *^ *when ... said*, gen. abs. ** ol fi. 
'such as are initiated*. ^ See § 9 n. 7. ** gen. after 

fier. >* * on being asked *. ^ dat. after liriir, ^ * also *; 
28 *says he*. ^ Supply iwiTX-fiTTowriv, ^^ M r^ avy, 

* on account of his associating *, with whom ? dat. '^ * with 
the sick*. '^ dXXd. Compare 'They that be whole need 
not a physician ; I came not to c£dl the righteous, but sinners 
to repentance*. *• iiiiiL The 2 negatives in Greek do not 
destroy one another. ** t58e. ^<rT«=Iiat. esto, ^ 6 ae i^.— 
quod te excitety *as to lift thee up*. ^ <t>p. fi. ^ XP* *^^ ^® 
more highminded than is right*. ^ *it\ ^ * should 
befall * , from avfipoUyta. ^ * be enslaved *, imperat. *^ i 
aMsy * the same '. *i * like as *. *2 * loves '. *' Sup- 
ply ^ctt/j'. ** * being*, 'whereas you were a carpenter, you 
did not work at carpentry*. Cf. 'Let the cobbler stick to his 
last *. *6 * yoked by his side *. *« t6t, SiX. X^7w= 'Which 
would you have me speak ?' \iy(a is conj. as in Lat. vis dicamf 

XII. 

§ 68. ^ middle. * imperat. mid. On the meaning of 

ixofiai (middle) with gen. see Vocabulary. * 'How am I 

to fight ? ' quomodo pugnem f * See § 37 n. 4. * * when 

asked '. « ' said he *. ' I am able *. «= T^w, 'to 

whom ?* • Nomin. as in Lat. Cut malit aXiquU amicus essef 
So § 69 n. 12. w Supply iLv t<s eZv. jSoiJX. " a dv, 'what- 

ever*. ^2 'Choose*, imperat. pres. mid. from aXpita, 

^8 Genit. after ffxav^, " Supply itniv. ^^ ' by *. 

§ 59. ^ in/^t * under', not hy (which would require the gen.). 

* gen. depends on d^. See § 44 n. 6. * i<p4irofjLai, On the 
sing, of the verb see § 6 n. 2. * 'by*. * oih-e, 
•'also*. "f irapd. * 'to suffer*, aor. inf. of ird<rxw. 
"attempt*, imperat. i«'to bring about*. "'to 
enslave*. The causative use of the midcQe; dovXet^tv is 'to be 
a slave '. The whole passage is a syllogism (argument in 
logical form). ' "What thou avoidest suffering, that attempt not 
to do *, [i.e. Do not to others, what thou wouldst not have done 

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YEEBS IN (0. PRES, AND IMPERF. 189 

to thee] ; • but thou avoidest slavery ; therefore beware of 
enslaving*. " Nomin. as in § 58 n. 9. " *be assured*, 
aor. imp«rat. of iri<rr€iJw. i* ZoKeXre, * do ye think f * "^^y 
oIk, 'that ye would inhabit the land'. ^^ €/ ... iroX. *if tUI 
the po(»r folk shonld form a state '. ^7 Like the Lat. tenus 

generally follows its case. ^^ dTo. ^^ * ends *. *> so. 

ipyi/j. *^ i\TL6a» ^ s<S. 6 rvurrofievos, ^ i. e. without 

the boxing-gloves, which in Greece were loaded with lead. 
84 Where we say, * He has a broad forehead *, the Greeks say, 

* He has the forehead broad* (ej>/)i> ^x« t6 fih-wTov). So here; 
we say, * let him avenge himself with unarmed hands *, or * with 
bare fists ' ; the Greeks say, 'with the hands bare '. ^ * re- 
treating before *, with dat. ^ * advancing'. ^ <m5k i<f>rjt * said 
that he was not '. ^ * lying *. He said he was not running 
away, but following his advantage which lay in the rear. 

§ 60. 1 (TwftjSdXXw. ' Itrl ry ehaiy * for being*, * because 

he was *. ^ * of obscure parents * ; gen. of origin. See 
Madvig's Greek Syntax § 54 c. * <S<l>€i\oy /taXXov, dehebam 

potitUy * I ought rather to *. * dv^ofiai. • otofiai. 

"^ inrdpxofMi. ^ rp. r. = quodam modo, *in a manner'. 

•Subject to the verb. ^<*' after he had shewn himself*. 
" olKOTpiyp, Slaves bom in the house were often petted in 
Bome. See a Latin dictionary under vemat vemacultu, vemiliSf 
vemilitas. " *he loved*. ^^ 6votid^(a, ^* Caligula is 

merely a nickname ; the successor of Tiberius bore the name 
Gains Caesar. ^^ A Latin word, caliga^ the hobnailed 

soldier's boot. " See § 48 n. 6. ^^ rd x. hp. *he was 

for the most part brought up*, a cognate ace. ; *he had most 
of his breeding*. i8*used*, i,e. wore, with dat. From 

xpdofjxu, i» Accusatives after aUrS. ^o* being*, from 

elfxL ^ *when he perceived', with partic. From alaSdvofxai, 
M * when he saw ', from 6pd<o. 23 < tell '. 24* gaid he '. 

36ov— cT, 'surely you also are not?' 26 partitive gen. *of 
the number of such*. See Madvig's Greek Synt. § 60. 
^ Predicate neut. sing., though the subject (xpiJ/iaTa) is plur. ; 

* a more useful thing'. See § 13 n. 8. ^ '1 see*, from 
^pKOfiai. ^ Koi i^ay. * and I start up'. ^ * myself keeping 
watch more than I am watched '• 

61. 1 * a thing capable of being taught ; See § 13 n. 8. § 60 
n. 27. § 136 n. 1. § 162 n. 2. The adj. as predicate is often in the 
neut. sing., when the subst. is masc. or fem. sing, or pi. The adj. 
is then used substantively to denote a thing of a particular class, 
and we might say for triste lupm (stabulU), res tristis. didaKTw 
< object of teaching*. ^tj^t us not be ashamed*; as in 
Lat. eamus, * let us go *. » * to learn *. * * as they were *. 

* PodXofiat. • W. J" fie. Cf. with the thought video 
meliora prohoque, deteriora sequor* Translate * But though 1 

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186 VERBS IN <a. PEES. AND IMPERF. 

have judgement, nature puts force upon me *, i. e. My appetites 
are too strong for my reason. * * believe in *. ® * seek '. 

^" 'than the search*. " cfre. ^^ *He exists'; when it 

has this accent. "'to learn,* from fiMM$dv(a. ^**as 

existing and ever present *. ^* TapovTcu ^^ xari, has the 

force of the termination -atim in paullatim ; and of the Engl. 
ineal ia piecemeal, inchmeal, i7<they say*. ^*^'to 

control', from Kar^xta. ^ Accus. after icarcurxcii'. ^op^Q. 
dicate. ^ * have turned out *, from yiyvofiau Sing, verb 

after neui plur. ^ Adv. with the art. used as adj. See 
§ 11 n. 16. «» t6t€, 24 From Trov^a. * If I had not laboured 
then '. 25 < I should not be making merry now*. ^=oportety 
with ace. and inf. ^ Subject to yly. * Try the risk on a 
Carian ', i. e, a worthless mercenary, is a proverb like Fiat ex- 
perimentuM in corpore vilL See § 162 n. 29. ^s <says*. 

'^ Subject to $oK€T. *• 'seems*; to whom? dai. '^ ^ov\o- 
fiai. The subject is Xanthippe. ^ 'to put on*, from ivSvtay 
the Lat. tniMo. *^ *said'. The subject is Sokrates. ^ *Do 
you see f * ** * to see*, spectatura, *• * to be seen*, spec- 

tanda, Cf. Ovid. Speetatum veniunt, veniunt speeterUur ut 
ipsae, ^"^ rh d\, ^ The passive, though in the active 

you say not viaredta riva, but rufl. See § 80 n. 17. 

XIIL 

§ 62. * * it appears', from ef/cw. ' * beyond human power*, 
too high for man. • 'every one*. * Supply again /iy 2nd 
aor. from ^d<a. conj. because of Srav, * dpdcj. • * even *. 
^ Supply iffH, Ct *It is in vain to be wise in a world of fools*. 
* Predicate; as we say 'grind «fiwiZi or, /in«*, ie. 'to powder*. 
Longfellow has turned this : ' Though the znills of God grind 
slowly, yet they grind exceeding sm^ *. ' ' when asked *. 

10 ' said he*. " * The stripping off [ repl in repuiip, denotes 
'from around*, as svh in submitto etc. * from beneath*] unlearn- 
ing', is the most needful study, Le, "What we most need to be 
tau^t is, to learn nothing which we must unlearn. ^ ' tell*. 
^* 'must we conceive?' governs the ace. See § 87 n. 8. 
^* irrfyra. acc. pL ^ Kod airrbv, i* i. e. oi5/c, the soft k 

is aspirated [becomes x] before the aspirate. ^^ ' seen *. 

'8 itotL ^ /AC IbeiPy aor. of o/bciw, *® cl voa, *the sick*. 

21 * when in pain *. ^ ^ ii\ ** 'they see', from 6/)<£w. 

2* a\yov<raf, 26 -^ith part, 'happens to be*. ^ Tapdvra, from 
vdpeifUy 'present*. 27 t^e sees*. 28 ToparfjpowTaf 'prying*. 
2» 'I see*. ^ 'sneezed*, aor. from icTdpvvfMi, '^ 'spoke*. 
'2 6 T. 'he who is coming forward', from irpbei/ii, used as pres. 
partic. of irpoipxopMx, '^ dat. like 'No man liveth unto himself \ 
tibi sapere etCf ** 'speaks*. ^'sneezes*. ** conj. after 

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PRES. AND IMP. OF CONTRACTED VERBS. 187 

Srai'. ^ oiii. ^ The <ItA in this verb is like that in <Ito- 
fitipBdyeiy n. 11. *• 5^. ^ aor. of ^w. On the use of the 
aor. to denote actions which are usual, see § 76 n. 2. Here : 

* Seeming has often had more calumny (to bear) than doing \ 
Appearances often arouse more odium than overt acts. ^ ird.<rxj» 
Ti is used as the pass, of touTp rivd ri. Hence it is followed by 
vv6 with gen. of agent. See § 63 n. 11. ^ Gibbon cites this 
as an anticipation of the evangelical rule, Matt, vii 12. Yet 
there is a very important difference between the two precepts. 
What ? Toiiu has a double accusative of person and things where 
the last is denoted by a neut. pron. or adj. 

§ 63 ^ «ra2 idy. ' optative of a wish ; the form in -olrjp 

is the regular Attic form in the sing. (</>i\ol'ijy, not ^xXotfii). 
See n. 32. § 66 n. 6. • *not even'. * from fa«. * *be- 
came', from ylyyofjuu. ^ dravra. 7 *]^q subject is general; 

* a man must not render wrong for wrong, even though he suffer*. 
On the ace. after kukus t. see § 62 n. 42 ; on the double 
negative § 143 n. 2. « oW^. » * if \ " * anything 
whatever', however bad. ^^ ixo. See § 62 n. 41. ^^ g^b. 
ject general as in n. 7; *one must benefit a friend*; before 
irotct I' supply Set. " * Thinking*, i.e. because they think. 
14 <they desire*, i.e. men desire, with gen. ^^ 'to call 
wise*, i.«. to give the name of wise (to any). i* Supply 
iffH, ^"f *not being so*, i.e. if you are not so indeed. 
^8 Sid. ^* ^ imperat. ^ trip. ^. * holding on all sides*, 
i. e. encompassing. ^ rhvSt. Transl.' Seest thou this sky 
on high, boundless and clasping earth in moist arms [embrace]? 
This believe to be Zeus, this deem (^.) a god*. ^ * having 
gotten astride of*, 'mounted*. ^ 'being*. ** irp. t. 7. 

* to him who laughed *. We say * to one who laughed *. See 
I 64 n. 10 ; § 65 n. 33. ^ ' said*. ^ ' you shall have 
become*, conj. aor. of ylyvofiat. ^ 'yourself*. ^8 ty^^ BhaJl 
tell it abroad*; i^eptS used as fut. of i^ayoptvit. ^ 'am 
pained*. ^ 'at the present (state of) things', partic. from 
Topei/u. ^ Kcd Svd. ace. predicate after xocoiV; 'which makes 
me a man*. ^2 gen. absol. * when.. .fell*; on the opt. j^iy(firj cf. 
n. 2. *" asked *, used as aor. of ipurrdof. »* gen. after rwa, 
^ * asked in turn*. »• aco. of limitation ; see § 75 n. 2. 
^ aor. from ^nifd. 'When he said ^0*. ^ 'said he*. 
»» Supply fuyw. ojJW is here '(I) too (do) not—*. « S4. 
^ Kol idp. ** irdpTOy neut. pi. ** ace. ** nom. 
*What is sudden,* unforeseen accidents. ** = Lat. esto. 
^ When the subject of the inf. is the same as that of the 
governing verb, it is generally omitted in Gr. before the inf. 
Here 'Cato said, that he (Cato) loved of (amongst) the young '» 
See I 64 n. 38. *7 gen. of price. « ^d dyadd. *» nom. 
before inf., because it is the subject of the governing verb IXry^ 

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188 PRESENT AND IMPERFECT. 

See § 21 n. 23. ^ gen. after f. » 6 'OX. The comic 

poets called Per. the Olympian Zeus. *^ ijcrTpairTe, from d(rr. 
^ gen. after i)/a. ^ ixauf^u, ^ M oh. 

§ 64. ^ = oiJ*c dfietvova otovow, *no better bed than any 
other man'. * eiepyer^w. * gen. after KaTa^poyeTv. ^opdca. 
^ part, governed by id)pup, videbam muUos mordicus pecuniam 
tenentes. ^ vapaxviuj, ^ gen. after wpoTifiaVy which verb 

contains the notion of comparison. ^ * for, said he, these 

(roi>s /ji^Vj the former) are the authors of life, but those ' (roj>s 
84y the latter) etc. On the construction {pratio obliqua) see 
Madvig's Greek Syntax § 163. » 'also'. ^o See § 63 n. 24. 
" i. e. 7^s. " * said'. " gee § 9 n. 7. " On 

the 2 adj. see § 38 n. 19. ^^ «re. " /tera. ^7 rb 

ficT &K, 6y {ddp<ros), *that which is with (combined with) un- 
reason*. ^ 'when he learnt', from fiavOdvu). ^^ predicate. 
*® = esse. 2^ gen. after dir. = tantum ahesse a morte. 

22 alTicj. 23 i 1,0 grieved', imperat. 24 ^^^ (from x/>a«) 

Totaura, * gives such oracles'. 25 5^^ 26 ^j AifdpcjTroi. 

27 * when asked*. 28 Qpt. of ^^iwi', used as aor. of fdw. tws 

Ap /3. *how we may live'. • 2» ^^r. riyi rt * to blame some one 
for something'. ^ conj. after idv. *^ wws ovk cIkos (^<rrt), 
*how is it not likely ?' i. e. * must we not expect?' *2 3^5, 

ject to etvax. ^ predicate ; takes gen. as plenus. ** * That 
(saying) of Solon ', = /SbZowis illud. The saying is that which 
Kroisos (Croesus) is said to have remembered when on the burn- 
ing pile (see Herodot. i. 32, 86), and which closes many Greek 
tragedies. *^ On ^x^' with adv. see § 143 n. 11. '*^ See 

n. 34. 37 rb 8k ev. * But may good (Germ, das Heil) 

prevail '. ^8 «gaid that (he) saw'. See § 63 n. 46. »» 'con- 
sisting*, from ffwLffTTjfiL. *^ inf. after ^<f>7j. perf. pass, from 
ffwdiTTco, *that there had been attached to it' (the cross). 
*^ gen. ahB.=D€Ovolente. *2 ,^^1 i. L vXioLs &Vj 'you may 
sail even on a mat*. ^ bp.oi6<a. ** o<f84. ^ See § 9 
n. 7. *® * the dead', from ^pijc/cw. rovd' =to\)to. ^"^ *at 
what o'clock?' *8 'as others do\ ask. *^ 'those present', 
from irdpci/jii. ^ gen. after aK. ^^ AaiVw. ^2 * f gn to 
embracing '. ^ Saris. ^ gen. absol. ' at the suggestion of 
whomsoever', i.e. ' of I know not whom *. 

§ 66. ^ Supply iffH. 2 j.^ ovalq., dat. after xp^^"**, 'em- 
ploys'. ^ ' with what is present', i. e. with thy lot. * compar. 
adv., miwt45. ' ^fnow. ^ S4. ^ Xvt^u. ^ *said\ ^ 'keep 
them ', the books. ^^ rd fiXXa. Supply ia-Tl. ' Mind it seeth, 
mind at heareth ; all besides is deaf and dumb'. ^^ wp, tr. 

* before they are hungry*. ^2 gen. abs. On the form of the 

sentence, cf. luven. uxorem duciSy salvis tot restihus I ^^ pre- 
dicate ; *as a pledge*. ^* rod j;. after dp. ^^ =cum liceaty 

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CONTRACTED VERBS. 189 

* whereas we might*, from ij^icri. ParticipleB of certain imper- 
sonal verbs are used in the ace. absolute (or double ace). See 
Madvig, Greek Syntax, § 182. le *to be in difficulties*; 
aor. pass, in form, mid. in sense, of duLTOpiu. ^^ r. d, ». e, 
SiaTop, ^* *we choose*. ^* =Wi'05; t. £\. ot/reicex, *for 
what other reason?* ^ *by the gods', i.e. *in heaven's 
name '. ^ aor. from ei^ofiai. €0|. dv rts, * would any ona 
pray?' ^ gen. after evT. ^ *than'. ** from Sj^afiai. 
ToG Svp. gen. after ouw/ca, *in order to be able*. ^ *his', 
a common use of the art. ^ aor. from Tivof. rod r. ' of 
drinking'. ^ aor. from Mluf. roO 4>. * of eating*. 
^ * like', i. e. like to all, rich and poor ; as death is called hfu 
^ —ov. ^^ ace. of limitation. See § 21 n. 6. 'Let not 
fear subdue thee in mind'; we say * subdue thy mind *'. '^ with 
this accent and with dat., like Lat. est with dat. [=1iabeo']» 
^ 'love.* 33 See § 63 n.24. . ,»* ace. after iT. ^ superl. 
of dyad65t *my good friend'. ^^ 'said he*. •* 'when asked*. 
37 'with pleasure*. ^ =iminimet 'far from it*. •• 'said'* 
*o 'tumbling*. ^ diminutive of contempt. See § 6 n. 11. 
*2 Bv dvt * whomsoever', with conj. ** 8. r. fi, t. ' because 
he did not drink'. ** ij^. tX. 'deigned to be...' ** 'he 
had lived'. See § 64 n. 28. '^ Cf. Hor. Optat ephippia 
boSj piger optat arare caballus. 

% 66. ^ Ka\ idv. * conj. of elfd. * ol xoXKolf * the many', 
the multitude. * i. e. of written laws. * Stotjc^w. * 'XprjcSai 
with double dative, as uti Zenone magistroy *to employ Zeno as 
a master \ ^ instead of al iraXaicd yvpcuKcs; so ol <pp6vifioi 

Twv djfOpdnruVf * men of discretion *. xak. not in years (anvs), 
but in history (antiquae)^ 'women of old time*. ^ rp4<a, 

irviw and aU other disyllabic verbs in -^w, have no other con- 
tracted syllable than ei; diwt * I bind', is distinguished from the 
forms of diutf * Hack', by the contractions dtaSovfiait dpaSwp etc. 
® olvoxid)* ^® id<a. ^^ * paining him', i.e. *by paining'.' 
1' On the inf. after verbs of knowing, see § 138 n. 5. ^* rd xp. 

* the crown ', summit. i* aor. part, from ir/)o<nr£irTw, * what 
befell', i.e. accidents. ^^ neut. pi. ^* * being a man', * as 
a man '. ^^ * no single thing ' , stronger than oi&^y. See § 68 
n. 10. 18 qI ^g|f, « they who possess ', perf. part, of icrdo/juu. 
1* to be taken with ixov. *® From TpbaeifUy used as inf. of T/)o<r- 
ipxofMi. el inrov. irdvras r/). * if they suspect that all approach'; 
whom ? dat. *i pres. ind. of Siiupu, * what a penalt]^ do they 
pay!* *aor, mid. of ypd<p<a. TdSe iyp, * brought this 
indictment '. ^3 aor. inid. of dMrSpa^vfu, * swore to it on his 
side '. In the Athenian courts both plaintiff and defendant 
swore that their cause was just. ** i. «. * son of '. In Greece, 
JEis in Bome, and still often in Holland, the name of the father 
was added for distinctness to the man's own name. ^ A 

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190 CONTRACTED VERBS. 

further designation at Athens was taken from the man's 
township (S^/ios), which was expressed either by an adj. II. (from 
UiBoi in the tribe KeKpoxls) or by an adv. *A. (from 'AXwremJ in 
the tribe 'Amoxis)* ^ * against S.'. ^ * bringing in*. St 
Paul in like manner was charged by some Athenians with being 

* a setter forth of strange gods ' (^4v(av Saifioplcay), Acts xyn 18. 
«8omit in Engl. «»»also'. »« * the penalty, death*. 
The text is an exact copy of the indictment. '^ gen. absol. 
^^ fut. part, of ToU<a^ ds ircui^o'. * as if for the purpose of making 
him rich*. Arcessente eum Archelao tanquam divitem facturo. 
^ aor. of iceXeiJw; *gaTe orders'. ^ aor. inf. of dirayyAXw. 
^ See § 23 n. 11. ^ gen. of price. ^ di, w < also '. 
3» rd AXXa. « * has heeded *; perf. of <t>poM^(a, « aor. 
of 8L€<r0i(a. *' 6t6$€v 8ia<f>, ix^i = unde haberet victum/ whence 
he might have a living'. ^ perf . of jcara/ueX^w, with gen. 

* this he has ne^ected '. ^ Defiant ; ' let him do ' his worst. 
^ fi€i^, 1j Kwrd dvdpa 0. * let him have thoughts beyond man's 
measure ' ; ' be all too highminded for a man '. ^ * going \ 
partic. of etfu ibOy used as partic. of ipxofiai. We say : * Let him 
go, and do his utmost '. The Greeks say * Going, let him * etc. 
See § 68 n. 8. ^^ ace. of duration. ^ imperat. *® TarplBa, 
^ to be taken with irX. *^ used as adj. ^^ 6pd6(a. 

XIV. 

§ 67. ^ * gen. ahs.^indignante quodam. ^ supply /ca/ca, 

and KaKcHs with rot j <reovrou. ' § 65 n. 4. * irpdrrw, ^ * to such 
a pitch of carelessness*, eo neglegentiae, *^xw. In this verb 
the aspirate of the root disappears in the present, in order that 
two consecutive syllables may not begin with an aspirate. So 
6 is softened in Tp4<f>Ui Opi\f/u ; $pl^y rpix^s ; raxiJs, ddaawv. Yet we 
find d<fyfi, {f<f>al¥b), Jx*» ^0^' This law of dissimilation is seen 
in the change e.g, of r into I in the Romance and Teutonic 
languages; e,g. Germ. MauJheerre, mulberry (not murberry), 
from morus ; Ital. pellegrino, Fr. pHeririy Germ. Pinery pilgrim, 
from peregrimu. So marble, purple, from Tnarmor^ purpura. 
See § 69 n. 6. 7 TfciKb fidWop oi>, * still less '. » The so 
called Attic future. Futures of three or more syllables, in 
which a short vowel (esp. act) precedes <rw, drop the <r in Attic 
and the termination is contracted : thus ffKeddwvfUy ffKcSCo -^s -^ ; 
ifoX^w, KoKQ -cif -ct, {KoX^ffta is conj. aor.) ; this future is almost 
exclusively in use for verbs in -/fw, which have it even in Herod, 
and Hippokr. See § 95 n. 4. » * in so far as ', quatenus, 

^^ *that thou wilt fare well', from rpdrrut. On the omission 
of the subject, see § 124 n. 6. ^^ =audituri, fut of dKo6<a. 
^2 » said *. " t having seized *, aor. of Xafx^dvw, i* ' also *. 
*** for posterity*. i« poetic for ^/xots. ^^ Tc^pBu, ^^ dyp. 

^» *to go away*, from dirctfii (from etfu); used as pres. inf. of 

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TENSES WITH ALTERED VERBAL STEM. 191 

AHpxofjMi. *®*to come*; aor. of ipxoptai, 2^* when 

present ', from xapctfu. ^ Kard. 

§ 68, * iprdi^ta. * attraction for ftifSip ro&rcay d, 'haTing 
no enjoyment from all that he has '. See § 99 n. 4. ' irtrdrTb). 

* * even ', etiam, vel, * raparXdi^ut, • dicuntur with ace. 
and inf. 7 gen. ahsoL ^ aor. imperat. of Xa/A/Soi'b;, * Come 
and take them \ We do not say as the Greeks * coming take \ 
See § 66 n. 46, and next note. * perf. of Xavddva, X. rtwd 
•woiCiv Tt, *I do something nnperceiyed by some one'. 

* He before whom not one, nor god nor man, 
In o;Qe sole act» past, present or to come, 
Bat naked stands, that same am I, the Air, 
Whom one e'en Zens might name'. 
^0 See § 66 n. 17. " * eren '. " iarlp. " * exists '. 

**•* present*. ^ ir^vra, ^^ 'knows'. "^"^ i,e. His ex- 

travagance was too great to last long. ^^ ' Cast no man's 
misfortune in his teeth '. '** Supply iorL ^ gen. after 

d^. » * you will be ', fut. of elfxi. ^ * said *. « <t>pdtia, 
^^ (TTMbf. is &y a&r, ffx, * whoever of them shall have poured a 
drink-offering'. ^inf. after x/>> ,?>'• ^'gen. after Kp, 

^ aor. of ro^w, * holding out '. ^ —futuroi esse, *® * ne 
professed', aor. from inn<rxyioixau ^=es8e, ^ od ir. <f>, 

* though not many studied philosophy '. '^ SiaXd/xTtj, 
^ daicita. ^ Many transitive verbs can take a second 
cognate ace. See § 56 n. 19. ** gen. abs. *• aor. mid. 
from t(n'7itu * he had erected' [* ordered the erection of, causa- 
tive use of mid.]. ^^^^nuntiaturum; from iyyi\\(a, ^ opt. 
perf. of ev'fyTK<a, both rb fiiycBot and the relative clause Sri ndv, 
depend on dyy. * to relate both the magnitude ... and also that '• 
^ Supply TeBycuevt * were dead '. ** * those in Sparta ', * those 
left in S.'. Subject to /cX. ^ * beginning with Ag.', i.e. 
*foom Ag. downwards*. *' irow. ti predicate. ^=nempe, 
*as it seems*. ^ Of the same root as sculpo, ^A 
TOoverb. The Kerkdpes are a kind of fairy folk in the legends of 
Herakles, whom they sometimes plague, sometimes amuse. 
♦Trying to carve a god, I carved Puck'. ^ diro4>eUp(a, 
*^ dwin-lyuf. A proverb which might have been applied to the 
'whipping boy' of Edward VI. and other of our princes.- 
^ elro. ^ * so ', t. e. * just as you are ', * without more ado '. 

§ 69. * Tp4(a, * dv with opt. is used in Gr. where we employ 
the auxiliaries * can ', * may '. ^ to be taken with o/xw. * * if 
thou art '. ^ awoiKi^ta, ^ ixTpiifw. See for the change of 
letters § 67 n. 6. ' * a school-pedant*, * a dominie'. 8 < gg^^ \ 
'-* * blame' aor. conj. from /t^M^o/AOi. ^® 'answered', from 
dvwplpofiai, " dXXd. ^* 'he who told'. " gen. after 
comparative. • ^* * lived with ', i. e, studied underi " * oa 

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192 VERBS IN- iD. ACTIVE. 

his return *, aor. part, from hrapipxcfuu. ^^ * asked *. ^^ * he 
learnt*. ^^ * that he would shew*. On the omission of the 
pron. see § 124 n. 6. ^ x*^^'*'*^"* gc^- a^s. *® aor. part, 
of d7(is i7(r. iy. ^^17, * he maintained quietness [kept stiU] and 
said*. *^ * that he had learnt ', perf. of fiwddifta. ^ explidns 
the T0VT9, * this, namely to hear '. ^ iwoXifAfjce. upon whomf 
dat. ** ace. of limitation. See § 75 n. 2. kqX. agrees with yw. 
*fair of feature*. ^ ^ sc. iwoXifAtice. Ph. and T. were two 
comic poets. The jest irap iirSyoiay, * contrary to ei^f^ectation', 
is common in comedy. So Byron turns iolitudinem faciunt, 
pacem appellant, * They make a soUtude, and call it — peace \ 
^ * on account of an eeP. ^ *he\ So ^ 8* Ss, * said he '. 
88 3 sing, imperf . of otSa. ^ • took ', aor. of alp4(a, ^ * sold \ 
aor. mid. of dro5i8w/tt. '^ * exempted *, rtrd rtvoj, aor. of 
ifplri/u, «2*)joth'. ^ 6fArfp€^(a. »** being *, whilst. 

85 Kod-^i, « aye and *. w * also \ »7 Cf . Milton, 
* The great Emathian conqueror hid spare 
The house of Pindarus, when temple and tower 
Went to the ground*. 

* idea, ^fio stand * = k^rriKivai, perf. of Urrjfu. 

§70. 1 * malicious '. 8* when it is clear'. 'opt. 

with dv. See § 69 n. 2. * often to be rendered * one ' (the Fr. 
on), esp. in optative clauses with dp, ^ The Attics generally, 
Thuc. almost exclusively, employ the Aeolio terminations -etas, 
-€t€, -etaf, instead of -ais, -cu, -aiev, in the 1st aor. opt. act. See 
§ 91 n. 7. § 112 n. 7. § 118 n. 6. § U2 n. 1. « namely, 

the seed sown. ^ Tai?a> rtvd Toiovrrd ri, * I make some one 
cease to do something *. ^ -^th whom ? dat. ^ Supply iarly. 
^^ i^LcaVf used as aor. of fow. ^^ * bought *, used as aor. of 

6viofiat, 1' See § 69 n. 30. ^ gen. after iS, So after egeo in 
Lat. ^* gen, absol. ^^ • adorned * ; perf. part. pass, from Koa-fUw, 
^^ sc. x^^ So the Lat. dextera and nnUtra, ^^ See § 69 n. 35, 
^^ ipbrrdu. ^^ * does he give?* 8 sing. ind. pres. ot dUtafu. 
^W. *i*they (the bearers) said'. «* Phokion. 

28 Alex. >* * said he '. ^ etra, «« * thou art here ', 

from irdpeifu, conj. after Utop, ^ * they are wont to hate ', 

aor. of ix^aipa. On this use of the aor. see § 76 n. 2. ^ ace 
after €vX. See § 64 n. 27. 

§ 71. ^ i)<t>dirr<a, ' koX dKovroi At6j, etiam invito love, 

* KoraKdM, * Disyllabic prepositions accented on the last 
syllable (excepting Apufd, irrl, 5td, <Ud,) in anastrophe (when 
placed after their case) throw back the accent to the first 
syllable ; so ro&rov W/w for irc^ twJtov. • icai id^, *The 
aor. conj. is used in prohibitions, like the Lat. ne dixerU, 
' • do ', 2 sing. aor. conj. of ipr^dj^opkoi. 8 (rvwoiKi^bf* • ' to 
^oak ', aor, of wepwriXKu. ^® Supply ^i. . " * From 

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TENSES WITH ALTERED VERBAL STEM. 193 

what (time) *, * since '. i' iriPo4u. " * you became ', aor. 
of ylywo/jMi. '^* * you raised *, aor. of ixalpu. ^ fUya ipp* 

* have high thoughts '. ^* gen. after Karo^p, ^7 « when 
asked *. ^^ ' to his existing means \ dat. partio. of e/fU. 
w * by adding \ partio. of Tpwrridri/u. *• ' said he *. " rd 

ToXXrf, * the bulk '. » • being *, partic. of tlfd. »» aor. of 
Tp<n-l$iifUi * proposed*, rtpi r<. On the orasis, see § 57 n. 5. 
***for a prize of a talent'. ^ * when ... said*, gen. abs. 
•• ' when he came up *, aor. part, of irpoffipx'^fuu. ^ * when 
she saw \ from dcdo/juu, *^ * inquired \ aor. of TwOdpofiau 
«• W T. * how fares ? * *• * when he said *. '^ * are lost ', 

2 perf. of axoXKufii. '^ aor. part, from aXpv, " aor. from 
iwatpliifiL dp, ixa^ airr^, * she took up and threw at him *• 
•* * killed ', aor. of dmipiu, •* * saying *. *« * if ♦, 

*7 gen. abs. In Holland to this day houses bear inscriptions like 
Veritas ; and reading clubs like Felix meritis, ^ * enter ', 8 
sing, imperat. from etaeifUf used as imperat. of eladpxofiai, 
** ToO &p elaiX. * where can he enter ?* *• part, of cl/w, * going*, 
used as partic. of ipxofAcu, 6fi, * to the encounter *. 

§ 72. ^ dpfupita, ' * having taken*, olpita. ' * dedicated*, 
aor. of dparlSrifu. ^ hpdta, ^ ' to be assured '. ^ M6(a, 
f used as aor. of f<£«. * ol fih — ol W, alii — aUL • KaTaa-Kdnru. 
1® * these oaths *, gen. after Toprifi, " ai^. iavrf rroiuv ri, * is 
conscious of doing something*. " TopaAteX^w. " oihrore. 
1* * I know*. ^* oUre, ^' ' by means of *. ^^ belongs 

to diro^. 18* run away', opt. aor. from dirodiSpd<rK<a, 
1* belongs to droar, ** * remove ', 2 aor. opt. of d</>l<rrri/u. 
*i Supply iffrl. *• gen. after xp. So in Lat. rerum potirt, 
** TTOipd, ** * when we concluded ', aor. mid. partic. of 

avvrLdfj/u, *• * deposited *. ^ aor. mid. of iraiJw, * ceased*. 

*7 T. ?. Kalt * why t/ien* ; (if you won't laugh,) why does any one 
even ask me out ? ^ ixXelwu, *• perf. part, of dToyiyvdHrKV. 
The periphrastic use of elpl with the perf. p^urt. is general instead 
of opt. and conj. perl ^ not expressed in EngL Of. § 55 n. 12. 
oirey. eVrl p.^ <W.* have acquitted of wrong-doing *. *i * also '• 
82 Supply elffl, *3 XttjiAjS. 8. *to take the law* of a man, is 
correlative to Sii6wai SlKriv, * to give satisfaction ' ; the first said 
of the accuser, the last of the accused. ^ i.e. ravra cSv. On 
the gen. see § 70 n. 18. " KaTaurKevdl;^}, *• • The sun of 
all days is not yet set '. It cannot yet be said *Time is no 
more *. 

§ 73. 1 'if yon are*; on the meaning of this perf. see the 
vocabulary s. v. 0i5w. ' utoUw. * ip<piiu, * KaraaKevdi^ia, 
^ * the life in our time ' ; i. e. the present. ^ avyx^cj. ^ * from 
a better (nobler) father than Zeus*, xe^. is conj. after Kdp^icai 
idy, * even if*. In the next sentence vpoffew. is from irpwftpTbia, 



dbyGdi^k 



194 VERBS IN i^ ACTIVE. 

«8taretx'fw. » tA dXXa. '^^ <t>povTlt<a* ^^ «ir. k. (^C- 

'how they miglit have to eat', i. e, subsistence. " icara/AeX^o;. 
1* * said '. ^* <rrov5(£^. Used in pres. sense. ^* * after 

he had declaimed *. The word is of the same ropt as meditor, 
and denotes * practice *, * trial *, * rehearsal *. ^^ gen. absol. 

' when he said '. ^^ M^ * by myself *. ^ dat. after diafup. 
* with PL* ^^ A comic ^ord, coined to ridicule the Platonic 

doctrine of * ideas*, i.e. of the eternal archetypes of which 
particular things are imperfect embodiments. We might 
say * horsehood *, or (on the analogy of humanity) » equinity '. 
«) » he * ; so used also in ^ 5* 5s, *said he*. '^ » wherewith*. 
M The mind's eye alone can discern ideas. " * you possess ', 
perf. of Krdofiat. ** #8w. ^ to be taken after fi4ya fp.; 

denotes the origin of the pride. ^ gen. after dia<f>, nihil a 

pueris differre, ^"^ to be taken after yavpukvrwv. ^ * when 
asked '. ^o » wherein ? * *<J * you will know *, fut. of otScu 

Hence in Philip van Artevelde, 

'Strip me the two, 
This were the humblest, that the noblest beggar, 
That ever braved a storm.* 
*(}s here is • to '. See § 27 n. 13. »i * you said ». ^ aor. 

of vTo\ap.^Av<a, inc. elire, * said in reply*. ^^f^-^e\ aor. 

imper. of dLdiafit. *** let us inquire '. *** after he (Dion.) 

had given *. rjpio'T. d/>t<rrdw. ^ vapaKfid^. ^ 6vap ^ 

virap, * asleep or awake ', adverbial use of these accusatives. 
88 * bandaged *, aor. mid. of irepcdiuj, ^^ i. e, another school 
pedant or dominie. ^ *on learning', from fxavOdpca. 

*^ hpfidu. *^ iyheroy aor. of ylyvofiau. The Greek here 

is: *it fell out like, when'; we say, 'as when*. *^ gen. 

after compar. The hen has picked up something 'too large 
to swallow*. **aor. of KaraTlvw, ^ rb aiJro, *it was 

the very same thing '. *^ bpdta, *'' » when you have 

determined*, Kpivw, *^ fiiya. ** 'if*. ^=Lat. ac- 

ceperis, ^^ ' came '. ^* v^fijrw, 

§ 74. ^ iyKaraXeliru). ' Trpdma, ^ <f>€&Y(a, * irepuiytj. 
^ *in consequence of. ^ Seivop SeS. like torva tuentur, 

7 gen. absoL ^ qjqj.^ pagg. of Traparelpu) ; * he was exhausted*; 
properly 'laid flat', * prostrated *. ^ aor. of vopei^ofiai, 
1^ * asked '. " ♦ also *. i^ Ma. ^'^ iyi^e. »* ' said 

he*. ^'both*. i^rAcZXXtt. dinikX. &TraX\oiTT(a, ^'gen. 
after compar. ^8 to be taken with Star. * How would you 
have fared, think you?* ^^ aor. pass, of diarLdrjfu. ^ supply 
dter^erjv dp. 21 jn Engl. *or rather*. 22 ^^5^^ » i should not 
even have been able *. ^ aor. of dOpafwi. ^ dat. of the differ- 
ence, tanto minus. ^6 partic. perf. pass, of daK^co. The gen. 
like the Lat. Viri est fortiter pati, ** Transl. 'What sort 

of training do you think a man must have had to he so much 

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TENSES WITH ALTERED VERBAL STEM. 195 

less capable of fatigue than the lad?^ ^*when he had 
c6me *. ** aor. mid. of Oeaofiai^ * when he had remarked *. 
^Preserve the art. * the largeness of the gates \ Hhe smallness 
of the city'. ^^ * should march out * (by the gates). '^ aor. 
of Tvyxdvca, *thou obtainedst*, *wert allotted', with gen. 
5* imperat. 'endeavour*. ^^ We say *to one who said'. 

The Greeks * to the man who said'. See § 76 n. 20. § 151 n. 4. 
** * yes, but *. ** 0jJw. •* fut. mid. in form, active in use. 
See § 76 n. 6. ^ irclOta, ^ KaToKelirta, '• dTO<l>evy(a, 

*^=i8olebat. *^ Supply aTpaT6ir€hov iiyovfiiyrjSy *than an army 
ot lions with a deer for general '. ^^ TeOavfiouca from 

eavfid^i pert in pres. sense. 

§ 75. * diroKeliru). ^ in respect of his race *, genere. Ace. 
denoting the particular part, property, or attribute, to whidi a 
statement is limited. Supos 'Hjy varpL^a^ a Syrian by nation; 
XwKpdTTts ToUvofiOj *Sokrates by name*. So rl fiiyedos 

' in size ' ; roy dptOfiovy * in niimber '. In Lat. this ace. is 
called the Gr. ace. os umerosque Deo similis. See § 90 n. 8. 
§ 116 n. 3. § 126 n. 4. § 142 n. 4. § 150 n. 1. » < which 

was deserted ', depopulated. * * to say '. • rA iK 0tX. 

•the lessons of philosophy', lit. * what is derived from philo- 
sophy*. *To IT. 5. X. 'the proper time for speaking*. 
7 i0i\(a. ^ vepl t6 7. * about painting*. ••to forget*; 
aor. mid. of ivCKajfOavw, ^® * to take * ; aor. mid. of vpooipipu. 

" *that ... were discovered'; aor. pass, of ciplffKU). "In 

Gr., as in Lat., the relative is often in the neut. pi., when the 
antecedents are masc. X>i fem. , if inanimate things are meant. 
38 * also *. 1* * produced '; aor. of dyadlScafii, ^ aor. of 

Sidujfu, i« aor. of Xa/i/ScCvw. Cf. § 72 n. 38. ^^ aor. of 

€vpi<rK(o. ^^tgtripped themselves', aor. mid. of diroiOuf, 

!• * rubbed themselves with oil ', aor. mid. of dXef^w. ^ * yoked *, 
aor. of ^evyyvfii. ^ 6<rTis. * <ppd<r€i€, ^ iyavjtie. 

Supply fi-Zf. There were public curses at Athens against those 
who should refuse to tell the way or to give a hght, or who 
should poison wells. See Cic. de offic. iii § 66. luven. xiv 
103, 104. ^ • If you shall have clothed the naked, and have 
reproached him at the same time, you rather stript than 
clothed him.* 

XV. 

§ 76. * Kal 6. ' * often acquired* ; as in Hor. deduxit eorpore 
febres. The aor. often denotes what frequently, usually occurs. 
See § 21 n. 26. § 88 n. 3. > neut. adj. instead of abstract subst. 
»Sid. rrjv (rvyy^t^eiay. See § 82 n. 9. ^ In Greek the adv. 

receives the force of an adj., when the art. is prefixed; so here 
6 fikasy *he who is near*, the neighbour. See § 11 n. 15. § 92 
n. 1. § 127 n. 8. So ol r&rt, 'the men of that day*; ij &yw ir6* 

13—2 



196 VERBS IF i^ MIDDLE. 

Xif, *the tipper city*. We say 'tie then mayor*. ^ • fat. mid. 
in pass, sense. In longer verbs esp. the fut. passive is avoided; 
so (&^Xif0'o/ia(, not Ci<p€Kri6ricofji.iu ; similarly from d^jL^pifr^w, 
6p,o\oyuVf ttToXXcCrrctv, ^vXdTTeiu, yu/iyd^cty, dSuccuf, ^"ij/uour. 

* oltKb^ta. Among the futures of the middle form used in active 
sense are dKOxiffoyuoHf p<yjaofiatf aiyfjirofiat, aiunrric^o/icu, (aofxau^ 
€tffo/Juu, ypibffofjiai, 0aMovfMi, 6\f/ofiaif ire<rou/ui(. See § 74 n. 36. 
§ 78 n. 15. 7 'he had been muffled up\ plup. pass, of ^/ca- 
XiJrrw. * * said'. • *pay the debt*, aor. imperat. of giiro- 
Sl8<afit, ^° * shall be done*, fut. of elfd. ^^ avrucaraX- 
Xelrrw. ^* aor. of ylyvofiat, ^' * to leave and'. So 
yeKdffat eTin-e, *he laughed and said', or 'said with a laugh*. 
H *-^hen you have played the coward', aor. pass, in form, mid. 
in sense, of Kaxifw. ^ i. e, rufL i® used as aor. of ire/u- 
vKoviw, ^7 We say 'why dorCt you answer?' So icoXwj IXe- 
\ai is our 'you say well'. ^' 'defeated in wrestling', aor. 
partio. pass, from JcarairaXafw, * I wrestle dovon*, i» ' by 
grappling', aor. part. pass, of <rv/AT\4Ku, ^ See § 74 n. 33. 
vap-ffr, from vapairiw, ^^ ' saying*. ^ * (the nightingale) 
herself \ as the position shews. *• * if they shall have put 
it on*, aor. part, of irtpiTldTifii. ** 'they should appear', aor. 
conj. pass, of tpodina, 

% 77. ^ ffvyaywLl^ofiau * Siairpdrru. ' Kartpyd^ofiau 

* 'I should regard'. ^ 'both parties', gen. after die/). 
' diroKKdta* ^ fji^fKpofuu, ^ aor. imperat. mid., as is shewn 
by the accent. ^ aor. pass, of diroirplyu, rapii fi. d. * was 
drowned [lit. 'choked'] within a little', i.e. *was well-nigh 
drowned'. ^* * swore', aor. of 6fipvfu, ^^ aor. conj. of 
fuufBdvu). vp, &v fi, 'before he should have learnt'. ^^ 'when 
asked'. ^' opt. fut. of dpcfw. ^** I know*. ^^ «yo^ 
would not have given over laughing*. ** * be', 2 pers. sing, 
imperat. of elpX, ^'^ odSi 5. * nor is it even right'. ^8 The 
subject is the same as the implied subject of fiijX' ' for a man 
to contrive how he shall escape death'. On the form of the 
fut. see § 76 n. 6. ^^ We say, *he will do everything [there 
is nothing he will not do] to escape death'. ^o « when A. of- 
fered', p^. pres. of dldcafu. The sense 'he offered' is frequent 
in the imperf. ^i ge^, after iSei, Cf . opus est, ^ imperf. 
of «/8w/tt. See n. 20. 23 x^a, »* Ai^ ?v, 'I should have 
been'. ^ *if I had accepted it', aor. part, of \ajjpdvw, 
^ 'threw out ', 2 aor. of ^/cjSaXXw. ^ aor. of Kardyyvpu ; the 
subject is rb iratStov. ^ iratS. Oeav, inr, 'on seeing a boy 
receive*. ^ Supply i<rrLv. *° pres. part, of dvtfa^juu. ^ S, 
'that (art) which is able to heal the soul's diseases', as con- 
trasted with medicine, of which Hippokrates first employed 
the proverb. '^ *A. 7. 'but enough, for', i.e, 'however'. 
^ 'to go away', diret/u, but used as inf. of diripxofiai. ^ 'to 

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TENSES WITH ALTERED VERBAL STEM. 197 

die*, morituro, fut. part, of dTodp-nffxa. •* *to live', fut part 
ftn use) of fdw. ** vXijv ^, * except*. •• gen. after Kararp. 
^ oifv.' scarcely*. See Riddell's ed. of Plat. Apol. pp. 171, 172. 
** *and yet* ^quamquam. *• i. e, not with the intention of 

not grieving me. ^ Supply iffrl., *^ *It is meet to blame 
them for this* ; toOto is ace. after the verb. 

§ 78. 1 * obedience to*. * dTTOfiai, ov depends upon it. 
' * should exact*. ^ fiTJ ro/A, i^, * should not think that he 

would have*. ^ *he who had become*, aor. partio. of 7/7^0- 

fjuu. * Kal aya66t, ^ cognate ace. after ei). * who had con 
f erred the greatest benefits upon him*. ^ gen. absol. * itffi- 
irofuu. ^® gen. of price. " purtic. pres. of el/d ; * those 

who are*. " ^ifX^f^* imperfect. " * their neighbours* ; 

see on this use of the adv. with the art. § 76 n. 4. ^^ eZ Zh 

li-fl, Ch. commanded men not to re'nle their neighbours; 

* otherwise' [if they did not abstain from reviling, he said] 

* that they would hear*. ^ On this inf. in oratio ohliqua, 
see § 64 n. 8. On the middle form of the fut. of dKo^rut see 
§ 76 n. 6. ^« M, ^^ Here we might have had Xvirnaov- 
rot or \virfi<rourro; in Gr. however even relative clauses in 
oratio obliqtia are often in the infin. See Madvig Gr. Syntax, 
§ 169. So in Lat. Madvig Lat. Gram. § 402. ^ partic. pres. 
of tlfd. ^ dpiyofitu, * imperat. 

§ 79. ^ * in reality*. ' conj. pres. of bvvafuu. • The 

Magian Smerdis, who personated Smerdis, the murdered bro- 
ther of Eambyses, and usurped the throne of Persia^ was slain 
by seven noble Persians, who determined the succession in the 
manner described in the text ^ irov, 6t(^ are commonly 
used for otrtrof, ^f^f^ gen. and dat. of 6mt. ^ 'at sunrise*. 
' 'that he shall receive*. ^ compar. of the adv. The neut. 
sing, of the compar. and neut. pL of the superl. generally serve 
as adverbs. ^ A friend of Perikles, who heaped offices upon 
him. • ace. after iircjirf. *• tA dXtptra, ace. after irurirf. 
i» middle. ^* olfjubt<a, see § 76 n. 6. " Supply i<rrL 

^* aor. conj. of Xan^dvcj. fii^ X. * Am I to accept it?* ^ *Is 

it possible for me to live after neglecting a talent?* On this 
sense of iffrt see § 84 n. 14. ^< aor. part, of Crepopdca. 

*' fut. of Tvyxdyu), with gen. ^ aor. part. mid. of vpotrffii ; 

^ after throwing it [the talent] away*. ^ fut. of ildw/u. 06 

Sdxrca dkijr; 'shall I not pay a penalty?* ^ koI [even] 

^ *Ai. See § 9 n. 7. ^ dce^ita, perf . part., against what ? 

ace. with €/j. ^ follows l^iy. ^ t. e/. * after making a 

long speech*; aor. part, of X^w. ^ rl dv, 'what he should 

^report*. * *3aid*. *• ace. of duration of time. *f 840- 

* IrSdrrta. 

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a 98 VERBS IN a,. PASSIVE. 

XVI. 

§ 80. 1 rrfTTw. « ' the son of P.*. See § 9 n. 2. For 
Alexandros (Paris) see § 3 n. 1. ^ ^pTr6.^<a, * iircup4<a, 

5* away from*. ^ oUi^. ' *we must shew*, the Gr. 
gerundive, as the Lat., generally has the dat. ^ gen, after 
compar. dfi. from A7a^6s. See § 79 n. 7. • rpitfxa, ^^ gen. 
absoL ^^ Supply ^ortV; the inl dpourOai depends on this 

word ; Of. Hor. niveus videri; the active int 6pdv is also ad- 
missible; Mike to look on', or *to be looked on'. ^^a.oT. 
part, of 5tat/)^w, * after breaking open'. " aor. of \afi^dvta; 
depends on iviyp, * she wrote on (her tomb), that whatever 
king should be in need of money, should break open the 
monument and take as much as he wishes '. i* ' found *, aor. 
of ivpiffKw, '^^ *lit upon*, with dat.; aor. of iprvyxdpto. 

^® dat. partio. ^'' pass, though in act. we say iriareijeiv rtvl ; 

in Lat. credor is poetic. See § 82 n. 2. ^8 <r. rd 6\. * maintain- 
ing utter silence *. ^^ * the mere name * ; so ipse in Lat. 
Cf. § 86 n.9. ^ imypd^cj, =»^ ^uXarrw. 

§ 81. 1 ' much '. 3 transl. the part, by * if * with the 
indie. ' dicuntj tradunt. Fr. on dlt, * KaraKao), • 2 aor. 
inf. of ylypofiai, ^ ovdiya oUre — oi^re. So in Lat. nullum 

neque — neque. ' gen. absoL ^ * being able *, from dvvafiau 

• * to find ', aor. of evpiaKfa. *® gen. absol. * when a play was 
being represented '. ^^ * when the people had taken their 
seats ', aor. i' * flew across*, aor. of diair^ofjiau ^ aor. 
imperat. mid. of 6pd<a. Used like the Lat. en or ecce. 
^4 * said they '. ^^ See n. 11. ^« * reported (it)' aor. of 
AirayyiWto, ^^ * to the magistrates '. ^^ < apprehended ', 
aor. partic. pass, of <rv\\a/ji,pdv(a. See Schiller's ballad, Die 
Kraniche des Ibykus, ^^ <ppd^(a, ^^ 3 fut. of irpdrTta, 
*^3 sing, imperf. of f^eifu; used as imperf. of i^ipxoimu 
^ gen. abs. ^d^yyofiai. ^ aor. part, of TidTjfu. ^^ ♦ having 
taken up again *, aor. part, of dvoKap^dvu), ^ gen. absol. 
Supply tQv KopdKwv, ^e t hid himself *, intrans. aor. of 
{Kf>l<rTr)fu, ^*at last'. *^ 3 fut. in form, but used as 
simple future of x^Kpaya, * I cry ', which is used as a present. 
^ /». ws Svy, * to the utmost as far as is possible ', i. e. * to 
the utmost of your power*. '" genit. after ye^Kr. See § 155 
n. 6. '^ Tdofiai, 33 gen. after compar. 

§ 82. ^ aor. midd. of aToWvfjii; governed by Sik. (4<rrC), 
' In the act. we say iiri^ovXeveiv tlvLj but in pass. iTi^ovXe^ofuit^ 

* I am plotted against '. So vi<rT€V€ip nvl (to trust) and Trurred' 
ofiou, dfieXciv Tipos (to neglect) and ajueXoO/tai. In Lat. this 
constr. is very rare; generally persuadet aliquis mihif persuadetur 
mihi ab aliquo, InvidearyCredor^ are rarely found. See § 80 n. 17« • 



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TENSES WITH ALTERED VERBAL STEM. 199 

•"he who has stolen', from Kkhma, ^rk twit OeQv, *the 
property of the gods *. ' XP^^' * i* «• lason. ^ * whether \ 
^ fi,^ SvTtav vofiiaPf * if there are no laws'. • * slavery*. The 
adj. with the art. often represents a snbst. See § 76 n. 8. 
w KToofuu. " * if '. " ' speaks '. " 6 eUthv, * he who 

spoke '. ** oonj. pres. of ci/*/, *if they [the few words] be*; sing, 
verb after plural noun. >^ * if you shall have failed *, aor. 

part, of dTOTVYxdyw. i« See § 9 n. 7. '^ iicr^fnrQ, ^ xoXd^ta, 

§ 83. * SlSufu,^ ' KaTa<f>\iy<a, Some verbs, whose 

stem- vowel is e, retain e (which is generally changed into a) in 
the 2 aor. pass. So X^w, *I collect', /SX^xw, *I see', ^«, 
'I blame'. • KaTOffKdvTUf, * iyKaraX^yio, * The peri- 
phrasis of the fut. by means of fiiWay denotes an action on the 
point of beginning; the dependent inl is often in the fut. See 
§ 86 n. 8. * evyKaraKdu). This verb governs the dat. 

liapd. f • have worn out my life in the use of *, * have been aU 
my days engaged upon'; jcararp^oi; xp* takes a dat. ^ Here 
used, as often, in an indignant question ; * Do you then really 
bid me go dig?* • intrans. 2 perf. of airbWviu. *I am a 

lost man *. i® fut pass, of opdw, ^^ gen. abs. ; 2 aor. 

partic. of dvoOrfiaKbt* * when Z. died ', i. «. * on the death of 
Z.*. ^2 dvaipcuf. ^* gen. of price =j5ZMm. ^* perf. mid. 
*^ TpoaraTTU, ^* i^cXf^x^' ^^ dx^ofiai, ^^ dv ay pdifxa. 
" hpi^io. 20 2 I, t ^e glijjl iiaye ^ allies '. ^i ^e/^«. 

^ KpLv(a, * Let A. have been pronounced the first of generals \ 
i, e. 'let him be esteemed', etc. 

§ 84. * pert mid. ' 'at the longest', from Aia«rp6y. 

In Lat. 8ummum, ^ xTdofxai, ^ * not at all ', strengthened 
form of the negative ; so in Lat. nihil perturbati. See § 155 
n. 4. * diroXXdrrci;. * perf. pass, with ace. of limita^ 

tion ' who is adorned in soul *, i. e, * whose soul is adorned '. 
7 6\^L^, 8 iyK^u, • /ueraXXdrrw, gen. abs. ^® Supply 
elffiv. ^^ preposition after its case. On the accent see § 71 
n. 4. 1' darpdiTTca, * it lightened '. Verbs denoting natural 
phenomena are commonly used intransitively; t<t, pluitj *it 
rains', etc. " * burst', aor. pass, of ^i/yrv/u. ^* el rivj *if 
it were possible'. See § 79 n. 15. ^ dat. of partic. 

We say * by weeping '. *• * the dead *, aor. part, of Bvi^cku* 
^^ *to raise again'; inf. pres. of dvlarri/u, ^^ rod k\. de- 
pends on the comparative. ^ dv ijy, 'would have been \ 
30 wOr b4=:nune vero, 'but now', t. e. 'as things are'; tho 
real state of the case is contrasted with the hypothesis. 
21 ix^ with adv. nearly =^<rr£ with adj. See § 87 n. 19. § 91 
n. 8. With a personal subject it denotes a state or habit. 
'It is impossible'. ^ Kcd ifAot^ 'for me also'. ** be- 
longs to dif^KTo, We often find dp early in the sentence, 



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200 VERBS IF i^ PASSIVE. 

preparing the way for a verb ; sometimes this verb has another 
d¥ with it. § 90 n. 5. So we might say, * He would — ^in case, etc. 
—he would, I say ', etc. >* 3. x. *& tears could do it '; it was 
not * on account of tears ', that he did not. So &eica is often 
used. ^ plupert pass, of dvdytat * would have been brou^t 
back'. ^ gen. abs. ; aor. partio. pass, of vpoarldTjfju, *■ when 
an oath has been added'. ^ intrans. 2 aor. of KaOlffrrifu. 

^ Kal elt» The inf. is so entirely treated as a subst., that is 
coupled with an ace. by kcU, ' friends' reproach and sin against 
the gods'. ^ 'when busily engaged with' (ir/)6j). *® aor. 
part, from vpoffipxofML x. i<f>rtt *■ came up and said '. '^ syn- 
copated perf. inf. from BirfyrKta^ * that... are dead'. ** dat. 
ofthepron. '»*al8o'. ^ SiaTapdrrio. ** *I 

knew ', used as imperf. of oWa. ^ * that I had begotten 

them '. On the nomin. see § 124 n. 5, on the partic. § 138 
n. 6. 

§ 85. ^ See fufivfyrKta in Vocabulary. ' perf. pass, of 

}f/€vdofiai, ' (rc6|'(a has aor. iinhdriv^ from the epic form <ra<$a;, 
iaaibOTjif, See § 95 n. 8. * rp4if><a, * KaTopvmo, • ^^e- 
\4yx<if* ' *is determined'; from BoKiu). ^ dvapplirTw. like 
the Lat. iacta alea esto, ^ participle of el/xit which often 

denotes what really is^ as opposed to what only seems ; trans- 
late here *real'. ^° 3 plur. ind. pres. of BLdiafii, *give'. 
11 ace. after cd vomv. See § 63 n. 7. i* ofct 8. * think that 
you ought '. On the omission of the subject before the infin. 
see § 67 n. 10. i* verbs denoting * to care for ', take the 
gen. 1* ace. after iiaOrfriisv, ^^ v, r. i, ' from those 
that know' them; partic. pres. of Marafiai, i* dat. after 
Xprjirdai, ^^ * also '. ^8 Order id. r. <r. i&. rg 7. *you 
must enure the body to serve the judgement '. 

§ 86. 1 'that Kyros, who won*. ^ * envy me not my 

tomb'; t. e, do not violate it, let my bones rest in peace. 
• See § 83 n. 5. * awdyw. * *what was required for the 
expedition '. ^ ws with the part, here expresses a pretext. 

Kyros concealed from his troops that he was marching against 
Artaxerxes, king of Persia. ^ Supply iarL veurTiov, diro- 

Xoyrjriov and dn-aXXa/cr^oK are here passives of the middle ; t. e, 
' veurriov =-. dei velOeaOaif * one must obey ', not Set veLSeiVj * one 
must persuade'. ^ * to know*, fut. of otda. On fiiXXco with 
the fut. inf. see § 83 n. 5. ® * by itself ', i. e. without the 

body. See § 80 n. 19. ^^ *it appears'. " -^fjuv f<rrcuy 

erit nobis, 'we shall have' that. See § 65 n. 31. ^^ gen. 

after iirld. and ip, ^^ correlative to rbre above. 1* dat. 

agreeing with ijfu¥ above ; * living ', i. e, while we live. 

$87. 1 The third future (paullo post futurum) is the pro- 

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TENSES WITH ALTERED VERBAL STEM. 201 

per fatore of those perfects which have a special present signi- 
fication. See § 81 n. 28. XAetirrat, * it remains ', XeXe^^ercu, 

* it will remain' (Xei0^iJ<r€Tat, *it will be left'); KiKTrifiai^ *1 
possess', K€KTi/j<rofxai; fi^/ivrifiaij *I remember*, fxe/jwifiaofiai. 
Other 3rd futures are used by the Attics as simple fut. pass. 
So Tera^ffofMi, KtKhyj/ofuu^ pe^X-nJOfiat. * Supply a^ovs. 
' trptHTTdrrta, ^ ' of this ', i. e. what is necessary for .guarding 
the constitution. * conj. of cltd, * Supply iarly as with 
the following verbal adjectives. ^ verb adj. horn. vdOeffBcu, 

* to obey'. It may also is^e the ace. from vtidcuf, *to persuade'. 
See § 86 n. 7. ^ It might be also a(o<f>po<r&»rf Suaxr^a iffrl Kcd 
dffKTp-^at as in Lat. Umperantia servanda est; the Lat. poets 
rarely say: aetemas quoniam poenas in morte timendum est, 

* These genitives depend on the compar. ^® On the neut. 
predicate see § 13 n. 8. § 61 n. 1. ^^ iy fi, fx, ^ia greater 
esteem*. ** koI Tap* iydp....ixov<rt, *and among men of sense*. 
^ infin. after 5et . ^* et Ay k. * whatever it [our country] bids '. 
^ aor. inf. of ird<rxw. ^' agrees with the unexpressed rufd, 
which is the subject of the preceding infinitives. ^^ inf. 
after vpocrarrTi. SeurOat, * to be bound '. ^8 rptoO, fut. part, 
pass, from riTpdxrKuf, *to be wounded'; &iro0, tat, part, from 
diro$yri<rK(a, ^® ovr. i, nearly =ToOr* i<rri. See § 84 n. 21. 
*® * nor must we leave the ranks '. *^ * both *. ^ vei- 
0€iP depends on Set, which is to be supplied from voirrriov=s 
ToieTv dei, ^ *as'. ^ *i8 by nature', intrans. perf. of 
0iJw. ^ ace. after pid^, ^ i.e, * than father or mother'; 
gen. after the compar. ^ Supply ^tor pidj^effBat, 



XVII. 

§ 88. ^ Qui pattern nihil laedet, < not at all*. See § 84 
n. 4. .^ fUvw, • * has often overthrown ', from 

(T^tiXXbi. On the aor. to denote what is usual see § 76 n. 2. 
* ^alyw. ' * here adv. • ylyvofiat. 7 Hn rJKurra, qtiam 

minime, • fioLvo/iai, • Supply in Sv&rvxfis, ^® Supply 
iarl, " 'They slew', syncopated aor. of icre^w, like i^ 
from paiuw, ^' gen. absol. * when D. said '. ^* conj. aor. 
from iialvofioi, i* * said he * (P.). ^ Supply diroKrepovci, 
1* *but when he [the slave] said'. i' pluperf. of fi€lpopM. 

W Supply ttfAOpTO. 

§ 89. ^ from 6<mt, ipttrrCj like rogo with a double Aeo. 
' * turned out ', from Kadlffrripu. • Supply oi>tv, and with 

the following participles ai)r^. ^ ^toiIhUvw, ^ * at the 

time of. The great plague at Athens b. c. 430, during the 
Peloponnesian war. ^ ^aiyca. ^ * an honorable death '. 

8 ( in my judgement '. • Kplyu. *• * have failed ', • are lost *j 



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202 VERBS ly o). LIQUID VERBS, 

from ^/cXc/tw. ^^ * else than ', * except *. " Supply X&yoi, 
^' oiJk oW 5tw5, *I know not how', nescio quo modo^ paren- 
thetic. ^* T' A-X' * ^^^ C"^6r '. 'fi gen. absol. * though he 
himself neither wrote anything, nor left anything behind him*. 
^* dat. after vapeffrdis. ^^ intrans. perf. pait. from irapl- 
CTTffUf * standing by *. ^ aor. part, of ieiKpvfii, 

§ 90. ^ iKiip. Scocr. * proclaimed that he would give*. * pre- 
dicate. * ace. of limitation. See § 75 n. 2. * ^ twiro?, 
*the cavalry*. * observe the double &v with the one verb, 
§ 84 n. 23 ; dvv. opt. of dvpaficu. * KaOaipo) ; takes a gen. 
like Ka6ap6Sf § 33 n. 3. "^ hUpta. * /A178. /ji,ijTe—fjLTJTC. See 
§ 81 n. 6. 8 Attic fut. of i^€\avp<a. See § 67 n. 8. 10 cog- 
nate ace. 'who will cause his father no pain, and most enjoy- 
ments'. ^^ intrans. 2 perf. of dia<f>d€ip(a. " ovvcKa. 
^* ar^XKb}. ^* dprj^are. ^^ aor. of el<r4pxofiai, ^^ from 
dvvafiaij * if ye have any power*. 

§ 91. ^ oXXojUttt. ' The inl depends on SetvSv ; see Vo- 

cabulary under SeivSs. ' x^'^^- * See § 66 n. 3. ^ per- 
sonal construction, as in Lat. dicitur Hercules tulisse, * * the 
whole time which he spent among men*. ' On the form of 

the aor. see § 70 n. 6. ^ vvtws vStrvep vvv (x- * ^ ^^^ same 

state as now'. See § 84 n. 21. ^ aor. of KaToXafipavw, 

^^ KaratpOdpta, ^^ aor. partic. of iriirTUi. ^* relvuj. On 

the periphrasis of the perf. pass, see § 72 n. 29. § 93 n. 2. 
^* rb dX. ^* * having found', aor. of eipia-Kio, ^ * said'. 

** Hence the proverb Vox et jpraeterea nihil, 

§ 92. 1 See § 76 n. 4. ^ t. e, \6yovs. ' tA tuv fiXXw, 
aliena, * 4n soul'. ^ Kadalpta. ^ atpuf. '^* has not 
the nature' ; i e. * it is not natural to it'. ^ « y^hen he saw', 
aor. of bpdo), ® * said that lie did not care at all for'. On 

the omission of the pron. before the inf. see § 67 n. 10. ^® ace. 
of limitation. See § 75 n. 2. ^^ imperf. of ^^et^tu, used as 

imperf. of i^ipxofiai. ^^ =abibis? 2 sing. ind. of AireifUy used 
as fut. of dir^pxouai. ^' See § 91 n. 8. ^* tL v, = quid 

factui-vst ^^ Kal idv. ^* conj. aor. after idv, ^"^ iK- 

ic\iv(a. ^^ * when he had borrowed* ; aor. mid. of KlxpriM-^ 

ir65as xP?i<ras, tfifiara xpV'^^P'^^o^i 'having lent feet and bor- 
rowed eyes', of a blind man carrying a lame. ^^ intrans. 
2 aor. partic. of im^alvca, ^ * that he slept ', aor. of Kara- 
bapddiKa, 

§ 93. ^ suscepiurum (from Trapa\afipdv<a)y 'to take in charge*, 
i e. as their governor. * dxoKrelvu. The periphrastic form 
is universally used for the conj. and opt. perl pass. ; it is also 
more frequent in the active. See § 91 n. 12. • * but he'. 

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TENSES WITH ALTERED VERBAL STEM, 203 

. by \ TOj are frequently used "with diy without o fjtiv, etc., preced- 
ing, when a person or thing before mentioned is introducei 

* BC. vlov. See § 9 n. 2. So in Lat. Hectoris Andromache, i. e. 
uxor, * oirXffw. ^ atpw. 7 used as aor. of dpoKiaKta, 
On this gnomic aor. see § 76 n. 2. ^ a nulla r«, gen. after 
dir^X* ^ ^^3 antecedent is odSevos, So in Lat. unde, 
^^ dat. after iv in ifiM-cfi- ^^ ififUvio. ^* 5te/circpa/v«. 
^' *and before Ae shall have ended his life*. ^* 'before 
he shall have seen*, aor. conj. from opcua, 

§ 94. 1 See § 69 n. 2. § 70 n. 6. » * sprang up* ; 2 aor. 

intrans. (iipw) from <f>v(a. ^ pass. aor. with mid. sense. 

* See § 50 n. 6. ^ atpco. « * from childhood*. See § 48 n. 5. 
§ 146 n. 11. ' pert mid. 8 aijfiaive. * = ovnvos, * whose 
(son)'. ^° #fai or<5^ev. ^^ intransitive perf. of <pv(a. 
^a *not at all*. § 84 n. 4. " On this Aeolio aor. opt. 
see § 70 n. 6. ^* KadcUpu), ^^ * said that Ae would answer*; 
on the omission of the pron. before the inf. see § 63 n. 46. 
^* opt. of duvafiai, ^^ * not having laboured', i. e. without 
labour. ^^ aor. of irapa^d\K<a. ^^ * when the horse 
died', aor. of aLTodifrja-Kio, ** *he had learnt*, aor. of /aov- 
$dv(a, *^ See n. 19. ^* Kara fros, *year by year*. 
^ * whatever*. ** i^v<f>aly<a. "^ superl. otdyaOos, 
«• aor. midd. of vepipdWia, 

§ 95. 1 See § 67 n. 1. > ^t. of elpiL » inf. fut. after 
verb of promising. * See § 67 n. 8. * 2 aor. conj. from 

\<ifipdv(a. * A7W. ^ possessive gen. See Vocabulary 

under KpU^to ; and § 4 n. 8. ^ Karadvca, For wepicff, see § 85 
n. 3. ^ ^acKoivd). Here the plur. verb after the neut. pL, 

because rd TraiUa denotes persons. The Lat. fascinum (whence 

* fascination') is of the same root as ^aax. Spitting into the 
lap (sinux) was a common mode of averting the evil eye. See 
luven. VII 112. ^° aor. part, of dvo^dXKta. ^^ a-vfi^dXcaffiy 
aor. conj. of crvpLpdWu. ^^ 'appear', aor. pass, in middle 
sense of <f>alp(>). ^* aor. of opdv. On this inf. and opdadai^ 
below, see § 80 n. 11. ^* * They say*, on dit, ^ ofpw. 
*^ aor. of \avedv(a\ 'unawares carried an ox*; t. e. she carried 
the c;.lf day by day, until it imperceptibly grew up into an 
ox. On the construction of the verb, see § 68 n. 9. ^'^ plur. 
aor. of (pxoficu, ^^ syncopated perf. of Ov^ckw. ^^ Karai- 
<rX^^^* ^® *W)r. of KTeLvu. 

§ 96. 1 /Avpidffi sc. dv8pQv, The dat. stands in Or. in an- 
swer to the question. With what ? of troops as the instruments 
of military operations, as the abL in Lat. omnibus copiis inva- 
dere etc. ^ iyKoXdirrta, • ivreLvut, * sc. ^x^**. 

* |«ve, Ionic form of ^ive, • aor. imperat. of dyy^O^ta, 

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204 VERBS IN to. LIQUID VERBS. 

7 * here*; cf. the Lat. Tiac, • Epitaph on Leonidas and hia 
Spartans at Thermopylae (Herodot. yii 228 § 2). * 5ia<f>e€l' 

fxa. *® "AXtf pMy *I have had enough of ' ; *no more for me 

of. "^^ vapaTelvu. See § 74 n. 8. i* syncopated intrans. 
perf., in pres. sense, of tcrrvM*' *they stand up for* (^), 'are 
engaged in*. ^ aialvia. 

XVIII. 

MIXED EXAMPLES. 

§97. ^ 'appearance'; gen. after jDtcX/rw. " Human life 
is compared with the seasons ; we must not in youth * wear out 
the mantle', which we shall need in old age; ue, we must 
reserve the strength of the body by temperance. ' vapaKfid- 
^ca, * supply laadou, * * called*, aor. of X^w. « tjv 

(dTdrTpf) dnarriaaty cognate ace. See § 68 n. 84. 7 The 

tragic poet who deceives by the perfection of the illusion, is 
more just, because he does what he undertakes to do. ^ gen. 
after the comparat. ^ The spectator who is deceived by the 
illusion is wiser, as having more sympathy with the poet. 
10 < marched through*, aor. of 8i4pxofitu, There is a special 
term (aayrpfevu) for this Persian practice of drawing a country. 
See Herodot. ni 149, vi 31. " tva fx- * tlia* they might be 

able'. ^* *to tell*. ^* On this periphrastic perf. see § 91 
n. 12. 1* dpl^. ^^ Predicate. Caesar, being also bald, 

esteemed the ri^t of wearing a crown of bay above all his 
other honours (Suet. 46). ^' aor. imperat. of Uv^ofiau 

"^"^ =aov, governed by Hwep. ^^ BvjaKovaiv virep. On the 

accent see § 71 n. 4. ^^ gen. absol. *> *said*. ^i g^n. 
absoL ^ gen. after comparat. ^ Supply icrL ^ * it is 
fated that we escape nothing (of all), whatsoever the gods send'. 
*5 conj. pres. of dl8<a/u; conj. after 6(ra Sm, 

§ 98. 1 xP'^fiara, ' Supply &fmpTii<r€<r0ai out of dfutprdpopras. 
» The V i<f>€\Kv<mK6v is used because of the metre. * * of a 
^ood father ' ; gen. of origin. See Madvig, Gr. Syntax § 54 c. 
» * those who were (at that time) called Gr.*. « Dat. of the 
agent after perf. pass. See § 111 n. 35. ^ The subject to be sup* 
pUed out of the preceding oU, So in Lat. Quibtis multa 
nefanda perpetrata suntt oderunt ^ * led ', aor. of 47«. 
• * hung up ', from dvdKtifiait used as perf. pass, of dvariOrifu. 
10 * when he found it ', aor. of ebplaKw, ^^ * but when he 

(A.) said ', gen. absoL ^^ ypdifxa. On the periphrastic perf. 
pass, see § 91 n. 12. ^i,e.' these (fields) '. " * said 

he*. «* do ye think?' w tA dStKiJ/tara. ^^ dat. of 

instr. with vnSdv. ^^ koX iveira, ^^ rivdy sing., subject of 

ypd<p€iy. ^ * them *, i e. tA dSt/cij/iara. ^* &if i^apK. 

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THE REGULAR VERB IN «. 205 

' would snffice *. On the Aeolio aor. see 1 70 n. 6. ^ gen. 
aba. containing the condition : * if Zens were to write *. ^ $\xp* 
ply i^apKiaeie. '* ^<rT(r. ** /8oiJXe<r^e. ** * give ', pres. 

ind. of diiufu, ^ * to them '. ^ Predicate. * The eins 
(rd idiK.) of men are no evil to the gods \ 

§ 99. ^ Like the Lat. bene audire ; See the Vocabulary. 
Milton imitates this usase: Or heant thou rather pure 
etiiereal stream f * * with what is thine own '. § 50 n. 5. 

' from fjitfju^'fiaKw, * Attraction instead of i^r. See § 68 n. 2. 
**if'. * /i^ TTpoffTT.^dUsimuUt, *if the reviled makes as 
though it were not so ', i. e. * takes no notice of it '. ^ gen. 
after a verb of caring. « Ix. ru^t^ * to hold on to *, * to 
keep dose to '. ' conj. of tlid, depends on fva. ^' 01 
* If any man will do His will, he sluJl know of the doctrine, 
whether it be of God '. ^ With this saying of Antoninus 
cf. St Mati xzv 42—45. 

§100. ^irpo^w. See § 67 n. 6. *bc. iirrlp. 'diraX- 
Xarrw. * rovrovt subject of the inf. reXeu^. * object of 

Tpa^oy. Quid hune jfacturum extpectdaf •'remember', 
perf. mid. imperat. /ufurfjaKw* ' Prov. of those who when 
required to return A, deny that they have received B; or 
generally who make an irrelevant defence. ^ xdpa ffov * thy 

head ' ; in Lat. we must say caput tuum, § 50 n. 5. ' fut of 
ovyx^w, ^° has this accent when it comes after its case ; See 
§ 71 n. 4. ^1 i e. <rot, * whilst thou art dripping with blood *. 
J8 * will flow * ; f ut. of ^iw. See § 76 n. 6 ; and on the plur. verb 
after dual noun see § 54 n. 30. " rivw. ^* * Punish her, for 
it is even from hence that women's conditions (rA tmv yw,) 
are distempered; some, either for children's sake, or on the 
score of kindred, after finding a woman evil did not destroy 
her, and thereupon wrong-doing has stolen upon many [of 
the sex], and moves onward, so that virtue becomes extinct'. 
Or thus: 
* Strike her and spare not : for all women's ills 
From this source spring; some man, for children's sake, 
Or kin's, hath caught in sin and left alive; 
Then Vice from one to many hath wound its way, 
On and still onward; Virtue is seen no more '. 
** aor. of dirdXKvfu. ^* aor. of Xofipdvta. ^V6 ASucoy. 

^' pert of vTToppicj. ' *• ii dper/j, *• gen. absol. ; aor. 

part pass, of diroppitj, '^ Supply elffl, 

§ 101. ^ i(rrl. ' * even if ', koX idjf, ' poet. aor. conj. 
of the epic verb §\<Si<rKw, * 6 ipibt. * ' to stand ', intrans. 
2 aor. of foriy/u. • oHirvrt JjJyairo Ar, ' would never be able '; 
Z. opt. pres. of SvvafMi. ' i^ ad. * secretly', ix with the 

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206 MIXED EXAMPLES. 

neut. adj. often Berves for an adverb ; Ik roD ^xiPtpovy 'openly*, etc. 
8 neut. pi. • jcot Sraintep. ^® avroO (or avTTJs) with the 
superl. denotes the highest point which the quality expressed 
by the adj. has attained in the person (or thing; spoken ol 
See Madvig Gr. Syntax § 95 n. 2. Here ' at its noblest '. 
^^ oonj. aor. pass, in middle sense of ^vu, ^^ koX ivL 

1' aor., in form pass., of the deponent SipKOfuu. i* *^ initia- 

tions ' (into the mysteries). *' fidXcaai, See n. 3. ^' See 

§ 9 n. 7. ^7 * life *. " Supply iaH. " alHu). ^ intrans. 
perf. of 0i5w, * is naturally *. ^^ dat. after t<rov, * an evil 

equal to a forced thirst *. ^ On the form see § 70 n. 6. 

2* aor. of irlvu, ** partic. of bidufu. We can also say 

'than by giving him to drink*. ^6 j^^^. ss ggn. after 

ijTTUfv. Of. n. 45. ^ gen. after /cevoy, as after vacuus. ^ *is 
wont *. § 110 n. 2. ^o aor. part, of iKx^w, * after giving his 

tongue full vent '. so a wind iroXi>$ htc?, * blows strong' ; a river 
iroXi>s/i€t,* flows with full stream*. ^^ depends on 0tXct. *i 'he 
spoke'. " oXXA yip, *but (in vain), for'; i.e. 'however'. 
*' prepares the way for /ia^ots dv below. See § 84 n. 23. 
** gen. absoL * if the gods conceal '. ^^ opt. aor. of fMvddvu, 

^^ vaura, ^ * you should go over *, aor. • of ireypxoficu. 

^^ K\-/iu). ^ * for a deed of shame '. *® ace. of duration. 

*^ * give ', aor. imperat. of ^tSw/xt. *' koI etra. *^ kolK^u, 
** ol <p. * parents '. *" gen. after -fja; Cf. n. 26. 

§102. 1 /ACT. deiTT, 'during the meal', 'while dining*; 
the Lat. inter cenandum. * * in comparison with his • 

(Alexander's). • Translate by the pluperf. in EngL * aor. 
of Xo/AjSavw. fi * think ' ; the Latin sibi videri, • gen. 

after \d6pa, ^ fii. ^ i. e. iKeivufv A Ubp-iiv, where A is a 
cognate accusative, * that errand whereon I came '. * aor. of 
Uyiofiau, '^^ takes the gen. in the poets, like many adjectives 
beginning with a privative, * without the honour of '. ^^ aor. 
pass., used as mid., of vowpaLvQij. On the crasis see § 57 n. 5. 
^8 dat. after fux9. ^ * it was fated*, opt. of x/)i>. ^* * to 

be joined (in wedlock) to *; aor. pass, of /Alyvvfii. '^ * should 
reveal to men, for tnem to behold '. ^* fut. opt. of el/d. 

17 aor. (in use) of ^w. ^^ * at the hands of. ^^ t. <. 
iroLas els ioprda rj^ere; ^ 'bathed in tears*, pert mid. of 

K\d(a, '^ fut. of lKvhp.au ^ imperat. of iirlffTafiai. 

'know of these things as in actual progress, and no longer 
delaying*. ^ ' The hopes you chase are winged *, i. e. you 
are too impatient. ^* otux^w, * he has not sped &1 *. 
** Supply iffrlj 'fortune has not one only form*, but many; 
he may have been fortunate, though not exactly as yon 
^ould wish. *« rb r. $, * the service of the god *. 27 < to add * 
to our knowledge. ^ * so long as it may be allowed ', 
conj. of i^€<m. »part. of dfit 'while yet a boy, one 

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THE REGULAR VERB IN a,. 207 

kiows how to do evil*, rpoiKa, •gratis*, i.e. without any 
charge for the teaching. ^ On the inf. after yerbs of 
knowing (* know how to *) see § 138 n. 6. *^ ovd' Ijy X. * not 
even if he shall have taken ' ; aor. conj. of \afipdpu). ^ aor. 
to denote what is usnaL See § 76 n. 2. ^* that we 
may neither appear to be *,* the corresponding fiifp-e * nor * is 
not contained in this fragment. ^ * to be of ', t. e. * of the 
number of ', * to rank amongst *. ** Kal diro8. * even though 

our father be abroad '. ^ * has suffered*, perf. of ra<rxw. 
rd ifid, * my * (sufferings), t. e. * what I have *. *7 gen. 

after iar. •^ Supply ai^roi^s, t. e, * such friends *. '* * to 
escape* them, aor. of ipcvyco. *® aor. of ipxo/xat. *Did 
there not come a rumour respecting P. either, that he would 
arrive?* 

§ 103. ^ * from an enemy*s mouth '. ' fir/ in prohibitions 
takes generally the aor. conj. or pres. imperat. § 71 n. 6. 

• licebitj fut. of f^earL * * to support life *. * inquitj from 
4f>7]fjU. * See § 9 n. 7. ' Veni, vidi^ vicL * gen. absol., 
aor. partic. of dyaup4(a, * when Cato had killed himself '. * gen. 
after <f>6. so also aurriptat* ^^ 'for you also*. J^ gen. 
absol., * when some bade him beware of *. ^* 'he said that 
he did not fear *. Sidia is used as a pres. ^' aor. partic. of 
delKjfVfu. ^^ Shakespeare, Jul. Goes, Act i. sc. 2. 

* Let me have men about me that are fat ; 

Sleek-headed men, and such as sleep o* nights: 

Yond* Cassius has a lean and hungry look; 

He thinks too much; such men are dangerous.* 
" * to be discharged *, aor. pass, of dtplrjfjLi. ^* avyx^p^^' 

17 « said*. ^ * say nothmg*. i» The 24 letters of the 

Gr. alphabet. Latin, which has no W, and in which I and J, 
XJ and y, respectively, are not distinguished, has only 23 let- 
ters. ^ irpbrtpw ri 5., * before going through the 24 letters '. 
** used for ctavrdv. See § ^^ n. 16. § 116 n. 6. ^ aor. mid. 
of iviKafipdyw, * he (Aug.) took hold of him (Ath.) by the hand 
and said*. *• * detained', aor. of icar^w. ■* * saying*. 

•* * also *. ^ T. ip d. K * the young men in repute *, i. e. of 

rank. ^ *when they did not attend*. The full expression 

is Trpoa^x^uf rhv yoQy, • to apply the mind', with dat. 

§ 104. * KToofiai, ' *as a friend*. ' ica2 o^Af, et 

ipse, • I too •. § 61 n* 16. * rb &ir6 ro03e, * from this time *. 

• 'oneself*. • *life at Athens'. This termination was 
originally derived from the dat. pL We find XlXarataffi, * at 
Plataea ', 'OXvfnrioffi, * at Olympia *. ^ /icra/SoXXw, gen. absol. 

• ace. after iraTodaap. » 'even'. w explains rdde, *this, 
namely, to be praised in excess*. ^^ 'they [i.e, men, 
the Fr. on] use the construction of the act. with the dai, 

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208 MIXED EXAMPLES. 

and the mid. wi^ the aoo. From this verb comes Syntax, 
^ Any part of any word, taken maUrialitery as it is called, 
may thus be used as an indeclinable snbst. Thus X^ei rodro 
rh iicfbtfy ^the word ^/c(6r means this*, ip nf iKibp^ *in the 
word ixdp -. So in Lat. a similibtu fiunt distimilia ; ut ab 
Inpns, lepos, lupo, lepori, 'From l&e (nominatiTes) come 
nnlike ^oblique cases) ; as from (the nominatives) lupus, lepra 
come (tne datives) lupoy lepori\ ^* imperat. ^* * being 
the first', 'beginning the fray*. ^' the 'ronndness', i.e, 
the ease and smoothness. It is Aristophanes, -vrho repels the 
charge that he is a plagiarist of Euripides. ^< rb ifjJ>v, 

^f (5 dva^, ^8 ciuai of irpi^^vu 

§ 105. 1 See § 65 n. 2. rdXXa is rb. (X>Xa. * xal iKct. 

• » to the same number '. * Predicate, * as food *. • fut. 
of elfd, ri dfu, isr, w. 'what [wherein] he will be the better 
after being educated ?* • * even '. ' * he will not sit *, 

used as fut. of KdOrifiai, ' gen. abs. 'when some one was 

introducing to him *, pres. part, of awlffrrifu, • gen. abs. * on 
the other's saying *. *° gen. of price. '*^ * to buy ', used 

as aor. of dtviofiai. ^* imperat. i* tva, ^* opt. 

ifi * might know *, opt. of oTSa. *• * for what purposes *, 

neut. pi. ^7 < also '. ^^ In the Attic comic poets the 

cooks are generally hired for the occasion, not permanent ser- 
vants. " aor. of ifiirlTTuf ; * he fell into '. We say * out of 
the frying-pan into the fire'. ^ aor. of Xa/ipdiKo. *^ ' re- 
store ', aor. imperat. of dwoblScjiu, ^ 2 sing. fut. of Xafi^dyuj, 
On the form see § 76 n. 6. »• *he discovered', aor. of 
yiyp<iffK(a» ^ d)s fi, 0. velut imprudens. ^ xapa^cara- 
^dWta, aor. ; * let it drop alongside \ *• ironical * as he 
pretended'. *' dvoifub^w. ^ * but some'. ^ *say 
that he said while doing so '. ^ Supply itrrL ^ * should 
be lost ', aor. midd. of dvSXKvfu, ^ * when one has learnt '; 
voQv is object to (x^w. ^ * see double', i. e. * see twice as 
well '. ^ aor. of i^afiaprdpu). ** t6 aCrro. So in Lat. 
bis idem peccare, *to commit the same fault twice*; cognate 
ace. See § 97 n. 6. '• Supply ivru Non est sdpientis. 

§ 106. * edwToj. 2 t aftgj. iiim >^ after his name. • on 
the ace. see § 54 n. 27. ^ * in any point*. ^ pass. aor. 

with midd. meaning. « * I should not be alive *. E/ with ind. 
past in the conditional clause, and Hv with ind. past in the apo- 
dosis, are employed where the condition has not been fulfilled; 
Si eixLS periculum fedssem, non essem vivus. ^ sc. 6 vl6s. 

® ((TTw paroxyton, 'exists '. » dX. dXelifxa. K. S. 5. 'You flay a 
flayed dog*, t. e. you waste your pains. i* 'also*. ^^ 'to 
suffer*, aor. of ir(£<rx«. ^^ used as aor. pass, of riJrrw in the 
sense of vXrfy^y Sf5w/At, *I wound', *' depends on Xbyos 

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THE REGULAR VERB IN w. 209 

#«t{, *the story runs that the eagle said, when he saw*. 
*.* aor. of 6pd(a, ^ TiZ€ dXt^ic. cognate ace. * We suffer this 

capture *; * we are here taken '. ^^ vtyMP a&rwv. See § 103 

XL 21. ^^ poetic for i}uffK6/u6a. Hence Waller: 

'That eagle's fate and mine are one, 
Which, on the shaft that made him die, 
Espied a feather of his own, 
Wherewith he wont to soar so high.' 

§ 107. ^ ace. of limitation ; in Lat. mostly the ahL ; clau-* 
du8 altera pede, * lame of one foot*. See § 75 n. 2. * See § 93 
n. 3. ' xpovoiuj. On the crasis see § 57 n. 5. ^ diffjuoupyiuf, 
^ See § 53 n. 2. tuv.0€wp depends on dXXot. * The angm. 

comes aiter the prep., though iwirridt^it is not a compound, but 
formed from iwirrihet; so wpoeipilfrevffaj though irpo<f>iiTeii<a is 
from r/>o0t^i}f. § 111 n. 1. 7 iKKos dWo sums up an enn- 
meration of particulars ; in such cases we add * in a word', 
9 * I am doomed to mourn my lost hair *, lit. * to the mourning 
of the hair*. ^ On the accent of a prep, after its case 

see § 71 n. 4. ^^ conj. aor. pass. * has had her yellow crop 

[{. «. her mane] reaped ' ; 6^pos cognate ace. ^^ vrdia, 

^^ gen. of quality, *a meadow of river waters'. ^' * has seen', 
aor. conj. of 6pd(a, ^* generally taken passively, * when the 

sun shines full upon her '. ^ * after her mane has been 

shamefully plucked bare beneath clippings'. ^^ Kal Sjf. 

17 On the form of the opt. see § 70 n. 5. oIk, dv, *■ even the 
pitiless would pity her ', ^^ cognate ace. = drt rotaura p.. *■ for 
her great fits of ^enzy as she mourns and weeps the mane she 
once had'. " See § 76 n. 4. *» ♦will be the ruin 

of me ', fut. of dir6\Xu/u. » x^^. aa ^x£. ^ inrdpxa 

ptMiB *1 have to start with': cits dv etc. .< whoever have by na- 
ture no stock of virtue of their own (ok.) belonging to them 
(ir/).)'. ** partic. of irp6<r€ipA» ^ explained afterwards by 
€ls rd /tr. etc. * fly thither for refuge, i. e. to their tombs and 
their family'. ^6 * count their ancestors, how many (they 

were)'. In Engl, we say < count the whole series of their 
ancestors ', Cf . Verg. per noctem, quam longa est, * the live-long 
night*. ar q^. ^, ^, < they are none the better' for their 

pedigree. ^ fut. of X^«. ^ = ^tivl ^ iyivopro^ aor. 
of ylyvopxLi. * For how would they ever have been bom (with*, 
out ancestors) '? " gen. absol. •* * laughed at him', 

sing, verb after pi. neut. ** * said'. •* conj. after 6Taif, 

P^ 'the suite'. ^ The subject is rA muddpta. •' gen, 

after icar. w < playing the connoisseur', 

§ 108. * oiSiv 6<t>. * it is of no avail'. * in act. dipaipeiw 

TUfd rt; in pass. d<i>aipovpLal ri. So in Lat. doeeor aliquid, and 
.with all passives of quem-quid yerbs* ^ r.f. ^ went to,.. and 



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210 MIXED EXAMPLES. 

gaid '. ^ * bat Hrhen lie [tlie schoolmaster] said '. ^ * be^- 
cause '. • * I do not know how *, snpi^y ytvfurpeiy, f roOra, 
^ and what of that ? ' * Snpply dtir^a. ' For yon do not know 
how to read either', * *to prore', from M,ian)iu, ^* 6fu 

with dat. CI Hor. Inoitvm qui $€rvat, idem facit oecidenti, 
^ Supply iffxL " * We use what is present *, i, e, * we enjoy 
what is provided*. " wa^riBiiiu, ^^ a(nr. opt of doir^; 
on the form see | 70 n. 5. 'if any one should require his 
entertainer to serre up fish or cakes, he would be thought 
strange*. ** plur. ind. pros, of diZwixu *• k. r.^atque id 
or idque, * and that too*. 

f 109. ^ so. i<nt, * it is hard'. )( ^dtor. * i.e. xflm^f^' 
» * in a day*, in one day. * toO hiprnt^rhw h-epo^, alteritu^ 
mlterumf accuser and accused, ^ iiralfM. ' aor. of Tapdp^ 
XaMcu. ^ aor. of bpdua. ^ * He who is hastening to see 

Tirtue as thou^ it were his oomitiy, nrast pass b^ pleasures as 
Sirens'; he who is as eager to see virtue, as Odysseus was to 
regain Ithake, must pass by pleasure as O. sailed past the 
Sirens. »* when he said'. *• Supply ^orf. ^ poetio 
and ancient form of rois. " Supply attrjcpd^ •tt^ai. " ♦ when 
he met ', a(». of imrfx/itHa, ^^ * foul is foul, seem it, or seem 
not so '. " Kol idy, * both if—and if '. i« dXXii. ^^ pres. 
part, of ddpafMu ^ o6d4. Supply 8tK§u6s i<m. ^" * ab- 

stained', aor. mid. of dw4x<i*- ^ '^2 ^, '^ *It is not pos- 
sible '. See § 84 n. 14. " agrees with the subject to ehretp^ 

* for a man to tay while living '. § 77 n. 18. ^ ravra, ^ < I 
shall suffer ', fut. U iriax^, ^ *you spoilt ', aor. of dir^XXvAu. 
« «by pouring on it', aor, of iwtx4u, ^ aor. of r/rw, 

* aor. of MUa. *• aor. of \4yuf, •* \iyw nvd n is the 
common construction. See § 106 n. 8, *^ *I lie here '• 
An epitaph, 

§ 110. 1 * by nature *. * * are wont *, So Hor. aurum per* 
rumpere amat $axa» § 101 n. 28. ' verbal adj. of xfidoiuu^ uten* 
dum, takes the dat. ^ kXIpw. ^ * and again towards the other 
quarter' (the south). rSWa^rd dXXa. ' pres. ind. of 

wapaiUivfiif * we hand on ' ; an allusion to the torch-races, in 
which each runner passed on his torch to the next. Lucr. et 
qtuui cw$ore$ vital lampada tradunt, 7 <to take', aor. of 

XofApdifu. ^ Supply iari, ^ *when advanced' in life, in* 
trans, aor. of wpopalyuf, ^^ ' when they came together', aor. 
of ffwipxofiai, ^^ * struck', aor. of KoBucyio/xai, " * and 

said ', aor. of \4y(a, . " gen. absol. * when one was reading*. 
^^ 'when he had given a peep of '. ^ like ille, ' the famous '• 
^' aor. of dyapaitw. ^' aor. (in use) of xixpaya, d^afids hf dyiK, 

* he would have mounted. . .and cried aloud '. § 76 n. IS. ^ On 
the accent of prepositions after their case see § 71 n. 4, 

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THE REaULAR VERB tN ^ 211 

after ^>poirr. ^ *to establish*, aor. of KaBUmmu " «lf*. 
» tye shall have destroyed', aor. conj. of Ka$aip4u. *• * Yott 
draw down the moon to your own hurt '. Prov. The Thessa- 
lian witches were said to lose the nse of eyes and feet. Cf. 
Verg. earnUna vel cado po$tunt deducere lunam. ^ 'after 
eoming to speech with D.* *^ 'was amazed at' ; the aor. pass, 
is frequent in this sense ; the pres. fcarairXi^ay is not nsed in 
good authors. See § 111 n. 4. ** aoo. after jrar., as after 

horreo etc. in Lat. *f The nom. because the subject of the 

infin. is the same as that of the main verb. See § 67 n. 10. 
I 84 n. 36. 's 'if I were not A., I would have been D.' 

w ivalpv, •• * they say', on dit, '^ ' did he go abroad', 
used as imperl of wpoipxofJMu Similarly e^€tF. 

f 111. ^ iyKiafjud^v; augm. following the prep., though the 
verb is formed from lyKiLfuw. See § 107 n. 6. ' iuLTdpta, 

^ ^painted'. < 'was amazed at'. See § 110 n. 25. ^ Z9^ 
Xot iiw 0, * shewed that he admired*. ' nsed as aor. of ipv* 
rdta, ^ aor. of wpoffipxofJMi. ^ aor. of ird<rx(#. rl ira$. 

'What had come to him that he should?* 'what posseised him 
to admire ?* 'is subject of «tx«r. *• pluperf . of icrcCo/ttot, * you 
l^ould not haye asked me, if you had had my eyes '• " opt. 
aor. , in use, of ^i;aJ, • I would say '. ^* * also '. " • of*. 
^* * but ' I would say ' if any one has educated ears *. ^ Sup- 
ply Ixoutrty. ^* ' of those who haye ', i. e, of the wealthy. 
*' Supply etffL " The construction is cfirodecF Tt96s rt, 
^ KaTa(rTp4</>(at *1 have been compelled'. ^ c7/Ai used as 
fut. of ipxofitu. ^ ' haying heard of ', perf . of rwBivofMi. 
9s <we knbw', imperl of oTdo. " wap^ cod (on the accent 
see § 71 n. 4). 'let her (lo) learn from thee (Prometheus)*. 
** 'by', ** irctrro 5ffo. *• Supply Wtfrcur^ot. 'I know 
all that a man of birth should '. ^ re, ^ &«, ' where *. 
"• Koi o6k. ^ 'eyen'. •* neuter. •• 'though I am'. 
^ ' poor wretch' ; in this sense ir6vrip€ has this accent. ^ * do 
you stand', intrans. perf. of Urri/u, •* dat. of agent after 
perf. pass. See § 98 n. 6. " dtaoxop^rra;, * have been rent 
asunder', sing, verb after neut. plur. ^ ikoppax^^* 'haye 
been severed'. *• • the lordly flesh of porkers ' and other 
expressions, as well as the rhythm of the whole passage, is a 
burlesque of the tragic vein. ^ KaroXoow, ' has been crushed 
in pieces '. * gen. after iw ii. *^ i. «. the paunch, tmZvo. 
^ KaTounnoia, 'have been consumed*. ^ rd dxp. 'pettitoes'. 
** vtayaXL^ofy 'has been munched*. ** irapkrrp^v. The 
ira/)(£, here and below, denotes what is taken by the way, as a 
siae dish; 'has been picked*. ^ i^owrdufj * baked*. ^^ ira/>- 
eyKdirrwy * have been fplped down as a finish*. ^ Xelww, 
^ aor. of iffSUa. ^ * haste, haste'. Many imperatives of 
transitive verbs are nsed intrazisitively, rave, 'stay'; dye, th« 

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312 MIXED EXAMPLES. - 

Lat. age, etc ^ rari, *• aor, of xa<rf<». ^ * even*^ 

^ * these remnants ', gen. after d/u. ^ aor. of dfiapravta, 

*• aor. conj. of 7/)^«» 

1 112. ^ 6 belongs to olofACPoi ; * he who believes*. - koZ 

5^, <and also*. ' quam pulcherrime, ^ rd. iv rQ Koafu^^ 

» all that is in the world '. * o?>5^, ne — quidem, ® icrdofjuu, 
T on the form of the opt. see § 70 n. 6 ; on the meaning of the 
opt. with d[y § 69 n. 2. * /laKdpiot is • blessed* ; but in the 

voc. it is one of those words which cannot be rendered literally. 
We i^ust say *my good friend', * my gopd sir*, * my good fellow*, 
or the like ; and in a long dialogue we must omit most of these 
dompellations. '^ imperat. of ^xfora/iat. 'Imow how* takes 
the inf. See § 102 n. 30. § 138 n. 6. ^^ tva, "See§86n.9. 
1* tA dv. cognate ace. after 5v<rr. ^ * may add', aor. oonj. of 
rpoffXapBdvu), ^* *in number', ace. of limitation. See § 75 
n. 2. ^ KaXita, !« 'to the wedding-feast*, the common 

sense of the plur. ^^ T^Te/)a=Lat. utrumf " Kal iK roO 
iuir, * also from the harbour*, i.e. foreign merchants. !» toO- 
TO. ^ * What is this to you^* *^ * It is a kind of supre- 

macy in this art, to know beforehand* etc' ^ fut. of iaOita^ 

23 inf. of vpboiha.. ** * I know not that I ever saw fish dearer*. 
25 depends on rt/i^y. *® gen. of time. ^ * you would have 
been*. *' depends on rts. ^ *I used to give*, imperf. of 
miaiu. ^ Supply iTrplaro, Priamos buys Hektor from 

AchiUes at the end of the IHad. " aor. partic. of KaraTterjfiu 
*2 aor. in use, of djy4o/iai. ' A conger I bought, and laid down 
as much [money] as it drew* [i. e. weighed]. In English, * at 
its weight in silver'. »' * have killed*, perf . of dvaipiw. 

§ 113 ^ gen. abs. see § 67 n. 1. " t. e, Gelo. ' iiray-^ 
yiWofiai * Scadixof^ai. ^ ^ Upiirrf^. ^ « iK<f>€&y<^. 

7 coni aor. after dv, 'if'. It is a cook who is speakmg; he 
does not accept an engagement, until he is satisfied respecting 
the guests. ^ iffriy. ^ Sacrifices were the most frequent 
occasions of feasts. ^« pass, of cwL<nrifu, * of what the feast 
consists* ^^ KaUoj. " * for which I must hire myself or 
be on gu^rd against them*. ^^ orov, * for instance*. t6 is 

^. to 7^m " K. rb ^/itr 'that 18 in the harbour'. 

16 ♦ after he has lost*, aor. of c£xo/3aXXw. " ipopria. ^r aor 
of 'vf'vi'oaat. ^8 * Such (an employer) I let alone , aor of 

2UX On the use of the aor. see § 76 n. 2. ^« dXXd. 

?o . iust so much as to satisfy the law*, i. e. to fulfil the letter 
vof his vow. 21 poetic dat. ; depends on o^ou. 'he casts up 

the account', '^ intrans. fut. of M^ciXXo,, 'how large a pro- 
iSrtion [^ the expense] will faU on his shipmates* ^^set^ 

tog [the sum] doVn*, partic. of rievfu. . 25 <rrXa7X»;a, * each 
^ts Hs own ieat*, i, e. the flesh of the victims which he ha^ 

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THE REGULAR VERB IF ui. H^ 

iumself offered. ^ ttawkiw. *f * up to', 'not less tlian'; 
BO ad in Lat ' ^ inf. perl of 7£7f'0iua(,- depending on tc/kx. 
*that as much as 10 and 12 [drachms] to the mina'[=10O 
drachms] have come in'; i. «. rejoicing at having made»,on this 
one voyage from Byzantium, a profit of 10 or 12 per cent. 
^ * asked*. ** * said y««'. '^ 'being present', part, of 

rapeitu. •* i. e. of Sokrates. •* 'would you have preferred 
to see me put to death justly rather than unjustly ?' 

§ 114. ^ the pL because the fame of several different per-^ 
^ns is spoken of. ^ 'the freedom derived from it'. ' xa- 
6aip4uf, * ol wp6 airoO, ' those before him', * his predeces- 

sors*. Bi\TiiTT€, * *if*. • depends on vo/uMor toOt6 icru 
y Kol iiv, 8 ^(i <£yax. • * without more ado'. ^® gen^ 
After diro\a(f€af, ^^ aor. conj. of nryxoyw, * if he shall happen 
to spend'. ^ 'they forbid', aor. of dirayope^tax on the use 

of the aor. see § 76 n. 2. ^ tiii after verbs denoting prohibi- 
tion is not expressed in Engl. See § 55 n. 12. ^* riOTp-cut conj. 
aor. mid. of xeWw, * whoever shall not have obeyed'. ** 2 aor. 
of i-wifidiXKu ; on the' tense see n. 12. ^^ ft. 6. *not even any- 
thing whatever*, 'nothing in the world'. ^'' conj. after idp, 
'8 aor. of irapoiZlS<afjLLt 'they deliver him over'; see n. 12. 
1* neut. *o *do you understand?' from (xwirifu, ^ On 
ix^i with adv. see § 143 n. 11. ^ * that he must either turn 
foot-pad*. ** ace. of duration. •* gen. after rialv, 
•* Ata. ^ =:8ed quid hoc ad me, quaesot ^ <re. •* *it 
is not possible, owing to you, to get a share of anything of the 
fish kind', fi, aor. of /leraXa/i^apuf. ^ 'you have brought 
together', perf. of awdyut, *® gen. after iroXti^. •* * the 
fishes' in Gr. = 'the fish-market'; so 'the herbs* = *the vege- 
table market'. " A parsley crown was the prize at tiie 
Isthmian games. ** 'has come in', perf. of ela^pxoficu. 
** * you have snapped it up in a trice', d/)irafw. •* aor. of 
6pd<a. 'owing to you it is not possible to see a partridge or 
thrush, even on the wing'. '^ 'saying, that he had a short 
sword'; the Greeks say *the sword short'; see § 69 n. 24. 
•7 ♦said', itpoffdet imperat. aor. of irpoffTlSrjfu. 'Add a step 
also* ; t. e. close with the enemy at once, so that the longer 
weapon may have no odds. 

§ 115. * rp^^w. * constr. dj^ayKaiSrepSv (itrriv) L rp, <rc^ 

pLarfti=ii aQftA, 'ace. of limitation; 'in efficacy'. See 

§ 75 n. 2. * *a« the votes turned out equal'. * gen. 

absoL ' without art. See § 147 n. 1. 7 dai of the dif- 
ference, with comparat. So in Lai quanto eontradicehat [tanto] 
plura adicientey *the more he refused, adding more'. * par- 
tic, of jrpoo-TiBrjfjiL ® 'you cast him out', conj. aor. of ^<c- 
fidXKuj. ^ aor. inf. of Sliwfu. ^^ * on the score of pay- 



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214 MIXED EXAMPLES. 

meot*. ^s fatpass. of^«ir/Ma. ^ fat. of e^, ^^ * baying 
his shoea put cka'* Hence inr6iftiiiat * a shoe*. ^ pert of 

f 116, ^ perl middle; partitive gen. after rufh. That it 
is not gen. absoL is shewn by the art. ' dvaXXdrroy. ' ^^. 
4 'elected *; from olpiw, ^ The pronoun is emphati c ; * we 
men' (in opposition to Necessity, which inflicts calamities 
npon ns). ' avrd irap* airrCaif, Jn Gr., as in Lat., pronouns 
attract one another ; mea me,tuate, etc. Here airrup {=<iavrui') 
is for -itfiMf avrwr. The reflexive prononn is often used in Gr. 
for ike 1st and 2nd persons, (in the sing, for ifixivroO and ffavrov). 
§ 103 n. 21. 7 =^dy. * aor. of vrdpmfficu. Sneezing was 
sometimes regarded as a good omen (Hom. Od, xvii 541. Xen. 
Anab, ni 2 § 9), but generally as a bad. See Frontin. ttrateg, 
1 12 § 11 : ' Timotheus of Athens when about to give battle 
to the Corcyraean fleet, said to his pilot who, because he had 
heard one of the rowers sneezing, had begun to sound a 
retreat, Do you wonder that of so many thouBanda one has a 
cold }* • 2 aor. of hpd<a. ** pexf . as pres. ipoLKp, is (in 

use) conj. aor. of K^xpaya, ^^ aor. imperat. of iyx^v, ^* aor. 
of wIpw. For the infin. see § 101 n. 24. ^ A/a. d6s is 

aor. imperat. of dLSufu, ^* otfiai. ^ See § 104 n. 6. 

*• * it appears '. *7 * for instance '. *• xivepaKonrri^. This 
fishmonger has ' outshot ' his neighbours, surpassed them all, 
19 < in the first place ' ; one particular in which he stands 
alone is that he lets his hair grow to be offered to a god. 
So Achilles vowed his hair to the Spercheios (Hom. II. xxiii 
142) ; Aias to the Bissos (Philostr. Heroic. 11). Cf. Deutenm, 
xnr 1. Jerem. XVI 6. '•with gen. See § 4 n. 4. "'he 

says'. '^'but [it is] not for this', this is not the true 
reason. ** Branding was a common punishment for slaves ; 
inscripta ergasiulaj litterati. In Martial we find a branded slave 
afterwards risen to wealth and station, concealing his brand 
by a bandage (ii 29 9, 10). ^^ predicate; *as a curtain'. 

^ dwoKplperau ^*ii*, ''gen. of price. ^8 g^ppiy 

iffrL ^ aor. of irpoffrlBrifu. *• * what kind '. Aeginetan 
silver coins weighed more than Attic. This fishmonger 
pays in Attic (as we might say *in currency' or ' in greenbacks') 
and is paid in Aeginetan (as we might say ' in gold'). ^^ t6 

dpy, ** aor. conj. of icaro/SdAXw. ** iirpd^rOf 'he exacts*. 
On the use of the aor. see § 21 n. 25.. ^ ' to pay back 
small change ', aor. of iirodlSufJu. ^ aor. of irpoaairodldwfiL 
•• 'both ways', i, e. both in receiving and paying. •' 'the 
agio ', or profits upon the exchange. ^ A description of a 
'fright', whom not even her father ever kissed, from whose 
hands the dog would not eat, whose complexion turned day into 
night. •••gain', aor. of Xafifidytw, ^ ijw dv, 'would 

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THE REOULAR VERB IN ». 815 

iMTebeen*. 4^ aor. of a^i^ta. ^r^jw.. ^ ^n^xv. 
** f . e, hf€€Tu 

§ 117. ^ (4>t dX. * in Teiy trath'. The xmoi Cn (and auam) 
with Buperlatiyes is similar. ' o2 iroXXo(, pUriqt^, ' ' are 
wont' ; used as pres. The pres. is only fonnd in the Homerio 
part. Hioif* ^predicate to ^corr, which flen. depends on 
Kara^poif. ^ /AtralkatTdu. The doable angm. in Siairdta and 
duuc^u fpeA deSaiKSmfKoj is more remarkable, as they are 
derived from ^oira and SidKofot. Iiess surprising are i^etx^MY*' 
^perl of dp^ofULi)^ ipfiapOow (imperl of dwopB6%»). < See 
§ 56 n. 3. ^ t6 dirb ro&rwy * from that time forth*. * ovy- 
Ktpdwviu, 'united'. ' dnupii^. § 116 n. S3. ^* KvciJBll;wtffa^ 
'filling the cup'. ^^ Motm, ^ aor. of ^iX^w. ^ rpla. An 
allusion to the praotioe of mixing three parts water to one of 
wine; a mixture which the speaker thinks ungenerous. ^^*if*. 
** *you know', aor. conj. of yiywticKv, *• fut. of tliiL 

17 dirfi\»nr€^ aor. of dvaXLaiua. Bing. after ir^X., although the 
plur. is the nearest subject i^ See § 62 n. 11. ^ gen. 
after t€/>. 'from his plays '. ^ perf . of Xai^ciyw X. <r. a^. 

«you are unwittingly effacing'. ^ ol/uu. ^'that his 

tr. consisted in these antitheees '. ** perf. pass, of Sldufu, 
^ imperf. of irpoariemu. See § 26 n. 8. ^ 'resembles '. 

§ 118. * ' to become your own' ; I. «. independent. * 'what 
are popularly esteemed as good things ' ; ea quae vulgo habentur 
bona. * See § 66 n. 3. « ace. of limitation. See § 75 

n. 2. * in things relating to war ' ; as we say ' in war'. Great in 
eauneil, great in war, ' On the form of the aor. see § 70 

n. 5. " the female births '. ^ gen. absoL tlffdyv, * * also '. 
^Tcr, 'said'. '. * 'seems*. i* gen. of price. A cook is 

speaking. ^^ These accusatives 'a glauciscus [some unknown 
fiish] at 3 drachms 1 ' etc. depend on ' to buy 1' * to think of 
buying 1 * understood. ^^ gen. in exdamation, where the Lat. 
has ace. euros kominum/ " xcd i/Aol, ^^ aor. of Xa^- 
pdifv, ^ used as aor. of iSviofAoi, ^* belongs to drniy^fttip^ 
aor. of airayxiA, 'If it had been possible for me also to 
procure from any quarter and to buy a neck [as I have bought . 
rpaxfiXwtf ' necks of oysters '], I would have hung this neck 
which I have, before bringing these dishes hither'. ^^ aoc 
of €la4>i(m, ^ h€vf>o. • ^ 9mK0wi(^, On the augm. cf. § 117 
n. 5. 20 <x ^{^g being ruined', imperl mid. of dxSWvfiu 

*' Kca-iSorrai, fut of Kar€^$l<i>, ^ iiairvrl^tt. ' will spirt out'. 

The cook is afraid that he will never be repaid the large sums 
he has spent; it will be all consumed, and the guests will 
spit out even the costliest wines. ^ ' you will be tripped 
up', KarawXiTrofiai, il is a young spendthrift, £ his father. 
'Our chorus *y because the chorus consisted partly of old^ 

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21g . mXEt> RXAUFLM. ^ 

partly of yoiuig men« The son nsda loQg'WorcU, and thd 
father shews whence they came. ^ fat. of diropqiP(a. * These 
words of yours will lead to some result *, i, e, you will repent 
of them. ^ rd diro^, ' ' ' * 

§ 119. * 6pfA^ ToO /3o(JXe<r^<u, * an impulse to desire *; supply 
€fiwlirr€i, * instead of (nr* oi^rwr. Sometimes in Lat. (Mad- 
rig's Lat. Gr. § 260 a), and commonly in Gr. (Madvig's Gr- 
Syntax, § 88 g) the dat. is used with perf. and pluperf. pass., to 
denote what one has ready, completed. Sometimes there may. 
be an ambiguity ; e. g, Tdjna XiKeicrai ffoi may be ' you haye 
heard all', or 'you have said all*. See § 123 n. 5, § 125 n. 2. 
' sing, yerb after neut. pi. ^6 rairw depends on ferayfUvcu 
^ The gen. depends on TpoOrlfia (for the crasis see § 57 n. 5)y 
which yerb implies a comparative, * estimated above*. * 'whe- 
ther*. ' The perl of deponents in Gn as in Lat., is pass, in 
form, but (generally) active in sense. See § 121 n. 8. ^ See 
§ 93 n. 8. ^ KoXSiopi agrees with dvSei the dative of the instr.; 
/wplifi is dat. of the difference (like the Lat. mtUto maiov^ *by 
much *, injinito plus). • aor. imperat* mid.^ with partio. 

* cease trifling*. See § 122 n. 12. i® *if *. ^^ 2 pers. 

sing. fut. of \wddv(a. X. ir. * you will unawares make'; see § 68 
n. 9. . ^^ conj. aor. mid. of Xa/x^dyw. Takes a gen. like 

^o/Attt and other words denoting * to lay hold of*. " On the 
form see § 52 n. 17. ^* 'bom*, syncopated perf. part, of 

yiyvofiai, ^ fi^ od, after a negative^ or interrogation ; here 
fi^oif fiaO. 'without having learnt*. ^' b(nfatTo. ^^ ,c(d- 

idy, 18 aor. mid. of jStiXXw. ^ k, ifi. *he fixed and Cast*. 
^ aor. conj. of pi^er^^f with gen. *i gen. after aum/fptcw. 

*' & 7^, quae quideniy *yes, money which'. ^ mid. of &ir6\- 
\vfu, ^* ixom TiSiifAi, 'She [Fortune] makes'. ^ clatpi- 
pu). In Athens there was nO poor-law ; but a kind of 'benefit- 
clubs {ipoLyoi)^ which made a contribution (iUT4<f>€pov ipayw) for 
their needy members, who were bound to repay the loan when 
in better circumstances. «* XapL^dvof, ^ * you will know'. 
*8 »you seemed*, aor. of doK40. ^ partic. of oI8a. ^ ' to 
resemble [tt8.] one who knows '; i, e, • you seemed as if you 
knew*. *i fut, of \ay$dv<a, ^ conj. aor. of \€w6diK>f, 

** 2 pers. fut. of ai^oiSat * you will be privy to yourself '; i. e. 
your conscience will convict you. ^ imperat. ** * even*. 
«« * if *. ^ fut. pass, of 6pduf. » On the form see § 63 

n. 2. ^ belongs to iiriT. ^ 'you know*. *i perf- of 
p.wddvta. ** Supply iurL ^ agrees with the subject of 

fia0€ty, * for a man, after hearing, not to learn *. ** aor. of 

fiawddvuf, ** tliiafu, ** aor. of Xap^dyv. *f perf. part, 
pass, of ehplffKia, On the dat. AXXots see n. 2« -^^ fut. of 



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THE REGULAR VERB IN w. 217 

• § 120. . 1 The ftrt. belongs to the partic.;'^ <dr. is pred» 
Sulla^ quifeHx appellatus est. See § 132 n. 5. ^ 'cormted 
amongsb his greatest instances of good fortune '. On this par* 
titive gen. see Madvig's Gr. Synt. § 61 c. * ^eZJo/tMu. * gen. 
absol. See § 67 n. 1. • l^i/, 'said'; *<rT =*<rTe. Baviane 
aor. of ev-fiffKia, • gen. after iK. 7 dXXrf. « t. e, KaKdtv. 
^ Cf . Hor. Respicere ignoto discos pendentia tergo ; and Catull. 
^071 videmus man^icae quod in tergo est, ^^ * is chosen *, 
pass, of the middle sense. alpoBfxai is I. * I am taken ' pass, 
of alp4(a; (in this sense &\1<tkoix<u is more common); II. 'I 
choose ', mid. ; III. * I am chosen *. ^^ aor. mid. of alp4u>, 
^* • I was chosen', again.pass. of the middle. ^^ woWd* 
^* pass. aor. from a deponent. *^ On the accent see § 71 n. 4. 
" tA ivavrla, *7 aor. of yiyif(JI)<rKU4 ♦ I know thlit about one 
and the same event many contradictory statements have been 
pressed by witnesses'. ^^ gee n. 10 and 12. *» * from 
those who have been proposed', perf. pass, of thd middle of 
TpofidXKuj, ^ imperf. mid. of ivUrrrffUf * opposed'. *^ dat. 
after /tax. * to fight with', or * against '. 

§121. "^ eifpUrKca, ' 'those kinds of food', partitive gen. 
^ Supply iKeufo, * BC. iMaTrclSeu * i, e, with her. « * se- 
cretly ', ' unperceived', from \av$dvu, f See § 114 n. 4. The 
gen. depends on ^x(0ai>«(rraras< Phrases like * after performing 
the most illustrious exploits of all his predecessors', instead of 

* more illustrious than any' etc. were frequent in the 16th and 
l7th century in English. Milton, P. Lk Adam, the goodliest man 
of men since horn His sons, the fairest of her daughters Eve^ 
^ Karepyd^ofitu, the perf. in act. sense ; see § 119 n. 6. § 126 
n. 9. • hrl, ^^ aor. of ylyyofxai. ^^ imperf. of otda ; 
plur. verb after dual. ^^ dwS, ^ These participles depend 
on yS. S. 'they knew that S. lived* etc. ** perf. pass, of 
vpoKiyta; *they have been before described*. ^* conj. of 
iprjfii. *• ix<a, ^^ the subj. is a&rd), * Can one say that it 
was because they desired the life and the temperance of S. that 
they coveted his society. Or rather because they thought that, 
if they associated with him they would become' etc. ^^ pres. 
partic. of Sldta/iu The gen. absol. contains the condition: *if 
God offered them^ either to Hve, etc., or to die, they would have 
chosen death rather ', ^^ 6pd<a, ^ syncopated perf. inf. 
of eHi<TK(a, ^ aor. mid. of alp^m ^ attraction for i^ 
iKelvtav d. See § 08 n. 2. § 99 n. 4. ^ wj r.^quam primum, 
^ Here the pass. aor. is used as midd. ; above we had 6p^{a- 
adai in the same sense, 

§ 122. ^ 2 aor. from vapaKafifidvof, ^ The gen. dependfl 
on v€Kpo6t, ' iyKp^vTd). * aor. of (pxofxai, * aor. of dyu, 
**to'of approach to persons, ws rbv At* els rhv oipavbv. See 



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218 MIXED EXAMPLES. 

f 78 n. 80. ' perf. opt of wwdiwofuu. * ' said I '. * ^. trot^ 
'yoa are allowed*. ^® aor. midd. of tdpiu, ^^ *to 

be oast into*, aor. of iftvlwrta, used as pass, of ifipdXKu. 
Masters had fall liber^ to soonrge their slaves, whom they 
also pimished by sendmg them to the mill. ^* ira. ewex. 
See § 119 n. 9. " aor. of Karayope^ta, " tA «X. ^ aor, 
of wiax**. ^ Ttt/kL *' aor. of rvyx&^Ui with gen. Wperf. 
partic pass, of ifM/yrdvu; depends on ^vy. ^*conj. aor. 
midd. after fiiH prohibitive, see § 108 n. 2. cfi;, opt. of 

€lfd, ••♦we fled', i.e. 'were banished*. ^ aor. of 

KaHpxofuu; the technical term for an exile's retom. ^fut. 
of ^vyta. On the form, see § 76 n. 6. 

§ 128. ^ ' robbed of a portion of his dominion*. See on the 
oonstmotion cuf^cupovfial rt Madvig*s Gr. Syntax § 25. * The 
aco. with inl gives in oratio obliqua the comphunts of Hades. 
^For.saidhe', etc. See § 146 n. 20. Madvig*s Lat. Gr. § 403 a. 
Qt. Synt § 168 d. ' perf. part. midd. from avWiyta, ^ drrta, 
fi instead of vir^ Sip^w. See § 119 n. 2. * Water and earth 
as the elements of the land were the token of its submission 
(Aristot. RheU ii 23 § 18). 7 aor. of ipxofMU. ^ imperf. 
of UpafjLoi, ' ♦When £. said', gen. absolute. ^® *tiiose 

who stand up before the time*, pres. midd. of xpoe^ajficrriiu. 
^^ Police, diled from their staves ^afiSoOxoi or fmfidwpSpoi^ 
kept order at the games. " imperat. pres. of rlSrffu, See 
§ 26 n. 8. 1' Attraction for ixelpiow d. See § 121 n. 22. 
"perf. of KTdofMi, ^ imperf. of TlOrifu. "« if taken', 

aor. pass, of \afipdnt, *7 ^vvfu. " Supply Xiy^^cf j, 

1*8 sing. pres. of wapLruku ^ ♦let it go*, aor. of /leeirtjjii, 

tlTiip, *and said'. *^ iKdldtafu. *^ 'they say*. » aor. 
of TwddMoyutu. ^ opt. of e^. *^ * that he said *. Gf . St. 
Luke II 62. ^ ' you will be able*, hvvaiuu, ^ aor. of fMvBojua, 
^ ♦you will know how*, iwiarafuu. See § 112 n. 9. ^ foriy/u. 
^ fut. midd. of Vmnxu 

§ 124. ^ Koraxi^, rtwSt re. • ^i;fi/, with aoe. and inf. 
• See § 9 n. 7. * * as a proverb *, proverbially. * In 

Gr. when the subject of the inf. is the same person as the 
subject of the principal verb, it is in general not expressed with 
the inf. ; predicates or attributes belonging to it are in the nomin. 
See § 110 n. 27. Madvig's Gr. Synt § 160. The Lat. poets some- 
times imitate this eonstr. Madv. Gr. § 401 n. 8. GatulL phaselus 
ille ait fuUie navium eelerrinwu, ' ^paUu, ^ iw r, /u. = inim 

rimii. See Madvig's Gr. Syntax § 96 n. 2. > aor. of doWw. 
Zi is often found at the beginning of the apodosis, where we 
do not translate it. See § 126 n. 16. ^^ ' burst out ', iKvlima. 
^ ♦rose up from*. " imperf. of ctxonau " Ct Hamlet's 
speech (Act 2 sc 2 L 624). 

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, THM REGULAR VERB IN m. 81* 

*thi8 player hero, 
But itt a fiction, in a dream of pasBion, 
Oonld force his soul so to his own conceit. 
That from her working all his visaed wann'd, 
• • • * An^ nU for nothing I 
For Hecuba I 

What's Hecuba to him, or he to Heoaba, 
That he should .weep for her? What would he do, 
Had he the motive and the cue for passion, 
That I haver' 
^^'has befallen', yLyifoiuu, ^ gen. absol; aor. of {fmifd. 
>' *It is not possible'; see § 79 n. 15. ^7 <when he saw', 
hpiu, ^ 'when he heard', wwBdpoficu, ^^ aor. pass, 

in form, midd. in sense, of StuX^o/iOi. ^ 'has not had the 
trumpet's blast about his ears', perf. pass* of wefHaaXwiiia, 

§ 125. 1 Supply oi^Bdi. • For ^' 4^. See § 119 n. 2. 
This example is more remarkable, as ^i with the gen. is fre* 
quently foimd, if the perf. pass, has (as here iraa-i rotf TrdKlTcus) 
already one dat. dependmt on it. ' iLwoarpi^. ^ ace. of 
limitation. See f 75 n. 2. ' * in the sea-fight* ; cognate aca 
See Madvig'B Gr. Synt. § 26 b. and above, § 58 n. 17. ' The 
pros. KarairMfmi is not found in {ffxA, authors ; see § 110 n. 25. 
7 Aor. of d0t«fj^o/wu. 8 « in search of*, • drawn by'. • * he 
was incessant in talk*. See § 101 n. 29. ^® aor. of ^oXau* 

^u, inr. i<f>ri, 'cut him short and said*. ^^ * do you really 
say f 1^ gen. absoL ^' aor. of yiyp(ixrKw. ^* gen. 

absol. ; aor. of \iyu, *« See § 124 n. 9. ^^ To understand 
the jest, say 'Silencia*. ^^ partib. of €lid; gen. absoL 

^8 gen. absoL see n. 6. ** aor. of Xo/*/9<£i'w. ** * making 

it OMr pride on our parts', ^ aor. of Tiryx<^«; ^*^ 8®^ 

^ with negative, 'not at all*. We see here the origin of the 
phrase : * It is much to obtain what you desire; more, not even 
to desire at first*. *> gen. absol. aor. of iiriylyvofiai, 

** * said '. ^ • fear '. perf. used as pres. ^ * but he (A.) said '. 

§ 126. * aor. of XafifidiKa, * * what relates to wine- 

making'. » historic pres. * * after day-break' (next 

morning). * i. «. that they were not poisoned. • resolve 
the partic. into a relative clause with * although*. ^ ' he 

himself'; (xovrfh although he had. 8 See § 114 

n. 4. » See § 121 n. 8. i* aor. of rvyxd^cf, ir, Star. * hap- 
pened to be staying*. ^^ aor. of irpo4pxofuu ; *he had come 

out of*, with gen. ^^ aor. of KaTttTriirrta, " intrans. aor. 
of wepup^; 'dung to him and*. ^^ aor. pass, of &nttp4(a. 

>* aor. of Ttm, The story is an instance of that Greek belief 
in Nemesis^ and the jealousy of heaven, which appears in the 
legend of Polykrates* ring. i* aor. opt. of HSwfu, ^^ ftort 

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226 MiXED EXAMPLES, 

ol luraZittafii, W *eVen'. *• • that you should call on 

Fortune, putting your own hand to the work'. We say *that 
you should not call on F., without etc.* or • that you should 
put etc., when you call on F.* Cf. the stoiy of Herakles and 
the waggoner, whence our proverb, * Put your own shoulder to 
the wheel*. ** ace. absol, » as though it were right*, 'as 

thinking it right*. See § 66 n. 15. *^ gen. absol. ^ aor. 
of X^7a;, * but when he said', gen. absol. ^ aor. imperat. of 

% 127. * * had arrived*, from rapaylypofML * iiSotKo. 

Verbs of fearing are followed by /ti}, as Lai metuo ne siU ' * if 
one were preferred ** * atfxa. • * the needy *4 • /ioX- 
Xoy d^, vel potius; the following A0p6ow is predicate. ^ A few 
irregular verbs^ in addition to the liquid verbs, form the first 
aor. without <r. So e^Teti^, aeika, iXio/iai, dar^o/uu, 0^/)w {ilveyKa). 
8 On the adv. see § 76 n* 4. * aor. of iK<f>€ijybiff used as pass, 
of iKpdXKut * to be banished*. ^® * that she might remain*. 

^1 From Tvyxdput * having obtained* (her request). " * after 
using*, i. e. after putting on. *' kolL — 5^, * and— also*. ** sc. 
ry rXaiJ/c^;. dH0, aor. of dTodtn/jaKta. ^ aor. of i<f>€VplcKW4 

What follows is an account of Palamedes* inventions. ^< kcU 
iKcivay * those 10 from one, yes (ye) and from them (tens) dis- 
covered fifties up to 1000 * ; i,e. decimal notation. ^^ Kcd ^/c* 
eupe, see n. 16* ^^ j^fXm. ^' * for shepherds of ships *, i. e* 
captains, as chieftains are * shepherds of the people* in Homer. 
^ *am', intrans. perf. of </)6<a. A countryman, who cannot 
read, describes the letters of the name GHZETS. ^ *by 

compasses*. " Supply ^or/. *» *fts it were*. ** AWw. 
The older forms of the capital Z are still more like a * twisted 
curl*. ** Supply ywlop, *at right angles*, or vertical. 

•• i. e, ypafifi-fjj •line*. ^ Supply ypafi/xai, * three cross linea 
are fixed on ' the vertical in E. ** * it is easy*, ip with neut* 
adj. is often thus used; iv icaX(p iarlv, * it is well*; iv d(r<f>a\€T, 

* it is safe*. ^ syncopated intrans. perf. part, from dttarrifu ; 
*from divergent points*. 

§ 128* * a^ofio\4(a. ' * one of the most notable Per- 

sians** * 19 Kw, *I am come*; as ofxo/iat, *I am gone*. 

* wifiTrut, gen. abs. * * the bearers*. ^ ^ * though there 
were many Athenians*. ^ * when they said*. ^ 'because** 
» * he should discharge*. ^^ C)s ifiii iiffn], * how sweet it is*, 
11 * even*. ^* * to forget*, aor. midd. of 'Kavddyw* ^ " syn- 
copated intrans. perf. part, of Taplimifu. " imperat. 
^ Palamedes. ^' twi'Sc, gen. after AiroKre, aor. of dviaOiv ; 
cf. hoKiWf d6^(a. Both verbs have also the regular future. 
^7 'to speak with God*, i.e. not against Him; like our 'with 
reverence be it said*. So ffx^" ^fffip, *so to say*; * pretty 

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THE RIlOULAfi YE^ IN uk 221 

nearly'. In general the infinitiYe, used thus restriotively, has 
us with it ; in fros c/xecr, * so to say' ; us cw€\lnn-i elreiPy * in 
ft word*. See Madvig'e Gr. Syntax § 161. w ^. j. ♦ p^g, 

times', i» See § 127 ru 16, «> ♦ for them as they sit', 

i,e, rest; k. is used as pres. ^ alr^ta, ** fiol iari, 

^ syncopated form of MtivPiiiUiKU, Cf. re^di^at, i<rrdp(u, re- 
rXdroi. ** ^wt'4^uf(=ffw.). ** cognate aoc. 'gives fortti 

winter thmiders', * thunders winterly*. ^^ gen. abs., partio. 
of vdp€i/u, ^ aor. pass, in form, in sense mid., of Korappita^ 

* When a highway was at hand, I fell into a bye-way'. Prov, 
of neglected opportunities. ^ inroirb^. ^ J A^pes. 
w syncopated perfect for ifp^rr'iKafjte^i from dptrrdiw, Cf . lora- 

XIX. 

VERBS IN fu. 

§ 129. ^ * they ascribe*, on attribue, '* aor. of ^wlTjfii, 

' perl of 4tpiff(ria in pres. sense, ^ ' during the days ', ^ all 

day long*. * 'they tie up*, on met d V attache. * gen. 
absol. ' when there is such a thing as a whip *. 7 < do you 

propose ?* Evidence extracted from a slave by torture was re- 
garded as trustworthy; but his oath worthless. ^ ixoKd^a^ 

* The robe of Athene, earned in procession at the Panathenaiar 
^^ ^wtu. ^^ The poet Philippides is speakmg of the 
honours paid by the Athenians to Demetrios Poliorketos. The 
iDionysia were called Demetria. Demetrios was received with 
the state of Demeter and Dionysos. The figures of Demetrios 
find Antigonos were woven in the peplos with those of Zeus 
and Athene; this peplos was rent b^ a storm while carried 
through the Eerameikos. The Dionysia were prevented by an 
unseasonable frost; the grapes and figs and great part of the 
com were blasted by hoar-frost. The person attacked (di* 6w 
etc.) is Stratokles, the proposer of these honours (Plutarch, 
Demetr. 12). ^ awrituna, Demetrios desiring to be initiated 
into the lesser and greater mysteries, one of which fell in Boe^ 
dromion (3rd month), the other in Anthesterion {8th month), 
Stratokles passed a decree, b. o. 301, for calling Mounychion 
(10th month) first Anthesterion, and then, after the lesser 
mysteries had been celebrated, Boedromion. Thus he * abridged 
the year into one month* (Plutarch ibid, 26). ^* aor. of 
ifTToXafi^dfof, Stratokles ' seized the acropolis for an inn*, by his 
decree assigning D. lodgings in the Parthenon {ibid.), ^* In 
the famous battle, b. o. 362, Epaminondas received his death- 
wound from Gryllos, but defeated Agesilaos. ^^ Syncopated 
perf. inf. of ByriffKbh ^9 ^laid aside* aor. mid. of &TroTL0rifiu 
V 'also*, 18 'added*, ^^ '>owever*. ^ ^vi}<rifw, 

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252 VERBS IN fu. 

^ Aristotle wrote a memorial of G., wluoh ift losi Oompard 
the story of M. Horatins Pulvilltts (Lit. n 8), who, when in- 
formed of hie son's death while dedicating the Capitoline 
temple of Japiter, simply gave orders iot the funeral 'Let him 
be carried out*, and proceeded with the ceremony, ** rlBrifu, 
** Ttpttrlwtu, ** KorayiypibcKta. ** rb Adx. 

§ 130. ^ iuplritu, ' tX. is here used as a substantive ; 

see § 88 n. 19. » xal dyaSifi, * Bee § 82 n. 4. « • in 

addition to those yei^ advantages ^dch they have in hand '. 
« fut. nrid. ' ♦ also*. » Supply * bring*, ^/>e. • supply 
•be brought*, ^/»w. ^® ^i^<f*w. " aor. imper. of /r^w^ 
^* attraction for iKcbuav, d, where £ is cognate ace § 102 n. '8. 
" conj. aor. of wdax^' «^ Tdurxof is used as pass, of e8 irot«?i', : 
and therefore t^es ^6 with gen. of agent. § 62 n. 41. ^^ ira-; 
perat ^^ from ffvytiifu, awLaffi is from o-t^et/tt (c2/(t). 

§ 181. ^ •which you feel towards us'. • 'set down as', 
i. e. take for, regard as. • 'why?* as quidf * 'which 
comes from*. * meat-oflferings were commonly wrapped in 
fat and so burnt (Horn. XL i 460). Hence the art. rj ; 'the fat 
proper to such a sacrifice*. • trans. 1 aor. ^ * exist', con- 
tinue to be. ^ intrans. 2 aor. opt. * gen. of price, minority 
pluris. *® used as aor, of dpiofiat. " 'may seil'; used 
as aor. of irvXita. 

§ 132. ^ belongs to o^roiVra, 'him who administers'. 
• 'also*. ' 'the public affairs'. * d<pl(rrritAu * See 

1 120 n. 1. • 'that they would conquer*. ' delicpvfu* 

s Supply iffrl, * In the Greek temples many pretended 

relics of the heroic age were preserved. (See extracts from 
Pausanias in Thirlwidl's Greece, vin 468.) Add the tools of 
Epeios, the makeif of the Trojan horse (Pseudo-Aristoi. mirabiL 
ausc 116, Lycophr. 950, Justin xz 2); Agamemnon's shield 
and sword (Ampelius 8 § 5, where are many other instances) ; 
the arms of Diomedes (Strab. vi 434, Pseudo-Aristot. L c. 117); 
the bow and breastplate of Philoktetes (Appian Mithrid. 77) ; 
the dagger of Helikabn and the tripod won bv Diomedes at the 
funeral games of Patroklos (Phanias ap. Athen. vi 281) ; the 
tusks of the Kalydonian boar (Procop. i 15); the Argo*s an- 
chor (Arrian peripl. 9 § 2, who has doubts about an iron anchor, 
but is inclined to believe in fragments of a stone one) ; cups 
presented by Aineias to the oracle at Dodona ; and a brazen 
piddle with his name presented to Hera (Dionys. Hal. i 51; 
Trojan altars, ibid. 58, 55 ; cf. 64 init.) ; relics of Orestes in 
Bome (Hygin. fab. 261, Serv. Aen. ii 116, vi 186) ; a phiale of 
Odysseus at Circeii (Strab. v 232); six different cities dis- 
*>uted the possession of the Trojan image of Pallas (Marquardt- 



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VERBS IN im J3S 

fieoker, rHm. Alterih. zr 306). Many other examples are died 
in Lobeck*8 AgUtophamiUt 51 sq.; Friedlander's Sitteffgeseh, 
Jtoms, ed. 3, ii 107 seq., e, a,, Leda*B egg, the an^il tied by 
Zens to Hera's feet, the sword of Iphigeneia, the hair of Isis, the 
bones of the monster to which Andromeda was exposed (brought 
from Joppa and exhibited by Scanrus when aedile). In Chns« 
tian times some feathers of Gabriel's wing, a chemVs bone 
and rays of the star of Bethlehem have been exhibited to the 
crednloas; the exhibition of the holy coat at Trdves in 1844 led 
to the discovery of 30 others. See Erasmus, Peregrinatio relU 
gitmis ergo, Horace ridicules these mock antiques: Quo vafer 
Ule pedes lavisiet Sisyphus aere. ^^ dvappiJbvvfu, ^ ^ conj. 

of i^€ifUt used as conj. pres. of i^ipxofuu, ^^ conj. aor. of 

€lffipxoH-9^ ^ ^dd as aor. of taviofuu. ^^ * the passers- 
by', partic. of rdpet/u, used as partic. pres. of wap^pxofAou 

i 188. ^ imperat. * used as pres. * Mn the case of. 

* partic. of elfd, * rffvvfu. • * like ', with gen. ^ in- 
trans. perf. of Kardypvfu. * aor. of tIpv, * ^Lat. licet, 
^ *by lamp-U^t'. In Lat. ad lucemam, " gen. of time. 
^' v€pttifu; used as inf. pres. of v€piipxoitMu ^ used as 
perf. of ^«. 

§134. ^ * those who have received faTours '. * *even*» 
' d4>l<rrii/u. Supply rijs dpx^ out of (ipxom. ^ gen. absoL 
^ mdppVfAOL, See § 116 n. 8. ' syncopated intrans. perf. 
y • the field of itself '. « 'with my own hands *. • Xan^dvu. * I 
do everything towards giving and receiving *; t. e. I do all I can 
to improve the land, and to receive crops in return. ^^ t. e, 
dyp6s. 11 Sees 68 n. 10. 

I 185. ^ ifirlfiirXrffu, * 6p4yo/iat, ' ' whether he is 
to march?' ^ \w$dvv, i\, dy, 'I bought unawares'. 

6 < not even full 13 *. * Twenty bushels of seed com, 18 of 
crop; 'the remaining 7 have, methinks, marched against 
Thebes '. The * Seven against Thebes ' of Aeschylus's play 
went to Thebes, but never returned; so my seven bushels have 
been sown, but have not sprung up. « 'May all turn out 
for the best*. Derived from 5n;0-tt, 'advantage'; the other in 
lest derives it from ft^of, * an ass '. * aor. opt. of ylypofjuu. 

• * You have your wish *. * It does turn out 6vrf<r. \ ^^ i. e. 6 
dyp6s, 11 A technical term, borrowed from E. himself. * He 
condensed pleasure ', 1 e, made it full and perfect. i* ifutff, 
iw, * he diligently chewed '. It is a cook tnat is speaking, who 
takes the highest good of Epicurus to consist in the pleasures 
of the palate. ^ Spdta. i^ rb dy, * the highest good', the 
summum bomim or finis bonorum, eVk r. otw irrl, * saw it, of 
what kind it is', t. e, 'saw its nature'. ^ The Stoics. 



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224 YERBS JN i^w 

w depends on e^56ret. *7 olda. ^ eJ 76, etc. * since they 
liave it not '. ^ ' they cannot give it to another either \ 

§ 186. ^ See § 61 n. 1. > hrttiUf used as partic. pros, of ^r^ 
XOMOi ; gen. absol. ' 3 sing, imperf . of oWa. * * if .* ^ * lay- 
man*, t. e, the unprofessional man; here, one who is no cook« 

* depends on Itxjiap, ' ttff€itii\ used as conj. pres. of €le4p- 
XOfAcu, ^ *exuainuji-8a,wjer8\ i.e, *8lda-tLiiita\ '* fat- 
mines', ue, starvelings. A cook is lecturing his pupils, and 
tells them there is no sauce like impudence. If a cook comes 
blustering with a train of apprentices, and calls the servants of 
the house niggardly starvelings, every one crouches before him. 
^* * a genuine cook *, no mere braggart. ^^ * even \ ^* not 
only rejected but * flogged to boot*. ^' AweifAt, used as fut. of 
dHpXopuu, ^^ ' as I suggested then *. ^^ * to the empty 
braggart *. ^* * mouths '; there is a pun on mouths of men 
send of harbours. ^^ iraX^w. ^^ rd i/iT, ^ xipas, ^the 
summit * or ne plus vZtra, irpoffS. ir/»o0Tp^w. * For as into 
the marts of commerce, [so with us], the height of skill is this, 
if you run well for the mouth *. *® * a wedding feast ', see 
gll2n.l6. >VSee§113n.9. » Supply ^<rrt « «The 
giver* is the father-in-law; 'the receiver*, the bridegroom. 
** Supply cUrL * there are here*. ** =the ItaliiEm conversa- 
Hione; in modern Greek cvpavaffrpwl>ii (Corai). *• * a race- 
course*; i. e, stage- for displaying. *T fufwijffKo/, 

§ 137. ^ fas est, ' opt. of e^^*^, expressing a wish, "lefi.tv from 
otSa. ' gen. of price. Madvig Gr. Synt. § 65 a, Lat. Gr. § 294. 

* See § 69 n. 2. * oMti. icoZ, *do not (as the others do) also;* 
oiiKiri. denotes, * when you come to speak of them, you can no 
longer say, that they also &c.* e25(6$, 6/5dr6$, ^IMii and taaai fdl 
from o7d«. * *when prosperous*. taOi imperat. of €lfd, 
7 *that are not accomplished*. ^ Xovdcivw. ^ dutpfyifypvfu* 
•X. 5. * unawares burst asunder*. ^^ roioOro, ^^ * sue!) 
a pantry [his stomach] has he, as of a house '. ^' (rute&ypvfu, 
A lady is telling the story of her marriages. "^^ The be£urd 
and tattered cloak {rpl^wPy pallium) were the characteristic 
badges of those who would pass for philosophers ; Lucian diverts 
himself continually at their expense. Epictetus (Arrian rr 8 
§ 4 seq.) * Here is a philosopher. How so ? Why, he wears a 
cloak and beard. Well, what have mendicant priests ? There- 
.fore, if men see any of them acting' ill, they cry at once, Se^ 
what a philosopher does ; whereas they should rather, from his 
unworthy acts, conclude that he is no philosopher. If however 

.the profession of the philosopher were only to wear a beard 
and cloak, then they would have spoken reasonably'. Again 
§ 12, * What is it then that makes a philosopher ? a cloak? 
J^o, but reason. What is his end? ^ wear a cloak? No, b^t 

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VERBS IN fu. 225 

to have sotmd reason. What aro his Bpecnlationfl ? how to 
make his beard long, or hair luxuriant f See Juyen. xiy 12. 
*♦ ipXOfiat, ^* ifiirlirna, ^' o^Si 6d€=ne hie quidem, ^' t6 
dpy, '8 xhe Lat. esto. The philosopher refused her mon^, 
because it was not a good. * Granted', she says, 'let it be e^il ; 
for this very reason give it me, throw it from you'. ^ * fill ' 
the cup. *^ xipia. On the inf. see § 141 n. 16. § 152 n. 19. 
^^ from (LT€itu; used as pres. inf. of dripxofuu. ^ yiypibcKu, 
^ Substantives of this kind are often used adjectively, both in 
Gr. and Lat. GaUi equites, ** /AoyddMia, ^ Rrobably a 

freedman, retained about his old master^s person, is speaking; 
slaves could not be initiated. 

§ 138. ^ irapUrrrifu, In the dual and plur. of the perf. and 
plup. and in the moods and partic. the shortened form is most 
common; fffratier not iffniKa/xep, ^<rr(^, -wcra, not ^<m;«ri6f, -via; 
icrifKbi is however more usual than iarfii. Cf . § 146 n. 5. § 148 
n. 6. ' Tp6<r€itu. ' 'because she was*. ^ oZSo. 

^ * that it is true '. otSa Beois eUup, * I know that I am yield- 
ing to the gods ' ; otia 6€dis ctKctv, * I know how to yield to the 
gods'. So Jir/trraTcu f^eip and. Kv^epvay (tratn helow, • Hip- 
pokrates. ^ « though composing^, tcrcurt is from o73a. ^ ^irt- 
Tvyxdvu. • aor. imperat. mid. of rpctrjfu, ^® * Bow, wow, 
uttering the cry of [barking like] a dog'. ^^ /jLoifOdyu. 

^* used as aor. of ipurrdat. ^^ * what will there be to me 

more V i. e. * what more shall I have ?' * How shall I be better 
off f ^^ the dat. with du is rare ; generaUy the ace. 

§ 139. 1 See § 9 n. 7. * irapUmffu, » SiaKaSalpta, 

* * Uke those who have their sight*. * attraction for ixclpi^ 

6. The dat. depends on rapitrr, • od /xi) with aor. conj., 

(and sometimes with fut. ind.) expresses a strong negation. 
Originally o6 dios iarl firji 'there is no fear of. Madvig Gr. 
Syntax § 124 n. 4. ' dftaprdvu, * ' why have you laid 

down your burden, and why do you still stand etc. ?* * from 
Kclpta; *a bread-waster', no bread-winner. ^^ \afipdpia, 

" 'The name Way-side [i.e, a foundling] should have been 
given him'. t€$, is pass, of the mid. sense. ^^ ^5 ^^^ is ^^^^ 
1* ffvKa. ^^ On the construction \^€lp rivd rt see § 54 n. 

27. The fig-sellers put the best, ripe figs at the top of their 
baskets. i« etra. ^^ 6 fi^y, the buyer. roiaOra^ ' such *, 

i. e, as he sees at top. '« object to «. w j. g. the seller. 
** K4p/jLa. 21 jj^Q the Esquimaux, the poor Athenians used 
their mouths as a pouch (for money, Aristoph.Vesp. 791, Ecoles. 
818). ^ A good example to prove that dvedSfinip is used as 

aor. to wtaXibh 

§ 140. ^ dfjul>i4mffu. * 'as a helmet'. S^ § 66 n. 6. 

16 

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226 VERBS IN /u. 

' * among the nmnber of. * the article stands before the 

predicate, to denote not ' a charioteer \ but * the c* Auriga, the 
well known constellation. * ^€&y¥Vfii, • 'most bitterly*. 
7 Xofi^dvia. • d^iy/tt. » *even'. " Xe/xw. 'For on 
whatsocTer day a woman shall have betrayed her own body, 
and deserted the ranks of modesty'. The metaphor is pre* 
served. ^^ aor. of i^pxofiai, ^ A satire npon the reluc- 
tance of N. to undertake active service ; the 1000 drachmae 
must be a bribe to some popular leaders (Plutarch Nik. 8). 

* I offer you 1000 drachmae, if you will release me from holding 
commands'. * Agreed: for with NiMas's [1000] that makes 
2000'. ^' \ayxdy(a. ^* * [to shew] by how much what is 
below is better than what Zeus holds' [than the upper world]. 
1* iffTly, i« =iKeivb»v a. Attraction. § 139 n. 6. ^f »you 
weigh ', conj. after 6rav, 

§ 141, 1 iftrtfiTXrifu, • 'such a man, as',— 'one to 

take thought for it*. See § 74 n. 83. ' eumque, 'and that*. 

* Avoid confusion between TporcBivnav and vporidhntav, 

* 'of that which was', • 'this also', i,e. what follows. 
7 2 aor. opt. from 6pa«. <Jir6re,with opt. 'whenever*. 8 oonstr. 
iK{\€v4 Tiva TUP aw, avri^ (Kimon) vcaf. fierafi<f>, airr^ (with 
the ill-clad citizen). • Kardypvfit. i* ' break them with 

J'our head [as] with a stone ' (Dobree on Aristoph. Plut. 314). 
1 conj. 2 aor. pass. Kardymtfii. ^* ace. of limitation. See 

§ 76 n. 2. ^* used as aor. pass, of riJirrw in the sense ir\rjy^ 
dlSafu, ^* gnomic aor. See § 21 n. 25. irap. is aor. of irap- 
^w. ^ 'also*. ^' dirovl^<a. The construction 4>, o. is 

like Sbs irieip. See Madvig's Gr. Syntax § 148 b. So in Lat. 
iu88i ei bibere dari. ^^ icQpo. 18 \afjL^dp(a. The inf. 

is frequent after adjectives denoting capacity, readiness, excel- 
lence, etc. Madvig Or. Syntax § 149. So in Lat. Vergil, eel. 
T 1 boni convenimus ambo^ tu calamos inflare leves, ego dicere 
versus, >* aor. midd. 2* imperat. pres. midd. 

§ 142. ^ On the sense of the opt. see § 69 n. 2. On the form 
§ 70 n. 6. ' See § 8 n.4. « i/frb t. 'B. depends on d^xap, 

^ rb <ru)fia and rijp ^v^fip &cc. of limitation. See § 75 n. 2. 
' Supply KaxQi SiaKelfiepos. On 6 'Ayifjpopos in next sentence 
see § 9 n. 2, < ^, 'wherewith', dat. of instr. with 

yfitaau ^ When lason demanded the golden fleece of Ai- 

etes, he was required to yoke the fire-breathing, brazen-hoofed 
steers, which Aietes had received from Hephaistos. ^ xp. 

Zcx, * being the first to receive *. trpoHKeiro is from vpSKtifiaL 
On the ' crasis see § 67 n. 6. • iari (parox.) with inf. 

means ' it is possible '. So Hor. qtu)d versu dicere non est. See 
§ 146 n. 6. 1® Charon. ^^ perf. of dTodp^aKta. 1* Xor- 
Odpia. ^' ylypofiai, t y, *I found myself unawares '• 

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VERBS IN fiu 227 

" * where'. ^ *my interest required ♦. It is a gourmand 

who is giving his recollections of a sumptuous repast. i< ijfKCtf, 

* he came', t. e, the waiter, whose busmess it was. i<f>.siTl, 
I'' Light, made dishes, are sheer 'vanity*. ^ gen. after 
6^. * smelling of the Horae ', t. e. of delicious, divine fragrance. 
On the gen. (which is similar to that after words denoting ful- 
ness) see Madvig Gr. Syntax § 60 n. 2. See below § 144 n. 24. 
^^ * the hemisphere of the whole heavenly vault *. ^ Ararra. 
'^ sing, verb after neut. pi. ** ri ^/cct, ue. * aU the fair 
things there *, i. e. in heaven. ^ * in this dish '. ** gen. 
after 3i^r. •* The name of a prickly sea-fish, as well as a 
scorpion. Thus the Pisces, Hoedi and Scorpiot of the sphere 
are reproduced in this dainty dish. •• * the whole brunt of 
the battle fell on me ', for my friend • was busy chatting and 
nodding'. *f adverbial; *at last'. ^ dy^/ca, here intrans. 
' I did not give in '. ^ predicate. ' I have made the dish 
into a sieve by digging at it ', or 'have made a sieve of the dish'. 
** imperat. of oWa. ^^ predicate. ♦ nor would I ever make 
a friend of one who was an enemy to the land'. 

§ 143. ^ * as if towards Cilicia '. • * nor in anything 

else'. So o&K iirolrfae toOto oida/jLou oiSelsy *no one anywhere 
did this '. In Lat. two negatives destroy one another {non 
nemo = * some one') except I. when ne—quidem follows a nega- 
tive ; e. g. nemoy ne Caesar quidem, where we also say, * no one, 
not even Caesar' ; II. where a general negative is resolved into 
its parts ; e. g. nihil nee honwn, nee malum, * nothing, whether 
good or bad '. • quam primum, * at once '. * fdyvvfii, 

' fjLoi SoKu, mihi videor; the Av is to be taken with KouKawTjeai,. 
So we often find o^k &y oi^a where Av belongs not to o75a, but to 
the inf. following. See Madvig Gr. Syntax, § 139 b note. 

* ' of that which benefits men', t. e. of the eartL '^ Taiaaadt. 
Translate ri/jvde * here '. ^ ^erct. • syncopated perf. part. 
See § 138 n. 1. i» Supply itrrL i^ On ^w with adv. see § 84 
n. 21. § 150 n. 24. ^* * Why, what else [is the matter] than 
that ', etc. ^^ ' to my thinking '. On this restrictive use of 
the inf. see § 128 n. 17. ^* gen. of time. Wine was cooled by 
being immersed in a well ^* /3. if. = Vis demittam f ^' ircU 
iirciTo. ^f conj. aor. (in use) of ivfKKw, ^ Supply irept- 
oo^ovniwTfw. ' The old lady let no cup pass her, but drinks that 
which is being pushed round ', t. e, each as it comes round. 
^* idurare, * The fire must not be too *8low', for it turns 
out the meat *not baked but boiled'; nor must the fire be too 

* quick, for that again scorches all it reaches outsido, [the out- 
side of the joint], but does not sink deep into tiie flesh'. 
" Sao, ^ \afipdjfta. 



15-2 

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228 IRREGULAR VERBS. 

XX. 
IRREGULAR VERBS. 

% 144. 1 * would have thought *, from otoixat, ^ L e, 

rh adro. The aoo. is a kind of cognate ace. as in Lai. idem bis 

rccare. See Madvig Gr. Syntax, § 27. Lat. Gr. § 229. 
The gen. depends on i^rl omitted {sapientis est viri) ; Madvig 
Gr. § 54. Lat. § 290. * fAtrapdWu. . ^ ir\. 6<rov, quam 

maximet mirum quantum. Madvig Gr. § 198 a, n. 4. * ' dif- 
fering*, i. e, that they differ. "^ *also'. * ylypo/uu, 

• iriirru, ^^ Supply iffH. Cf. * Man never is, but always to 
be blest'. ^^ TwOdvofjLOL " neut. gen. after Sa. ^ =quid 
sibi opas essetf ^* *with a side-glance at vovs\ KaivoO might 
also be taken as jcal voO. The boy's book and pen and tablet 
must be *new*, or, with each he must bring * intelligence', 
w yiypofxai. 1* On the nomin. see § 124 n. 6. ^^ {nr^ta, 
^B *• and [said that] he pardoned all offenders except himself *. 
" *and snores louder than he shouts* [for the battle]. *» gen. 
absoL ^^ * Why^ who blames him*? dmZibv aor. of dipopdca. 
•2 Supply dycSw. ^ * being reputed son of a cook*, gen. absol. 
*^ ' of the cook*s apron *. On the gen. see § 142 n. 18. 

§ 146. ^ StayiyydxrKca, ^ *for*, i. e. * f or, if you do*. 

• KoXiuf. * petituros, denotes the purpose of the mission. 
See § 161 n. 4. ^ gen. dependent on Serjaofi^vovs, • gen. 
after the compar. f Supply iarL ^ accus. of limitation. 
See § 75 n. 2. » * as *. lo diroapivt^ufu. " ace. after jc. 5. 
as after k. ttoi^iv. See § 86 n. 11. ^* Kord, ^' aor. in use 
of 8taf<£w. ^* * aheady a heaven-sent calamity*, i. e, past a 
mere human, natural. ^* oTda. ^® t6 dyadiv, ^^ gno- 
mic aorists. See § 76 n. 2. The poet teaches that matter is 
indestructible. 

* Earth-sprung to earth returns, of skyey seed 
The scions seek again the heavenly pole; 
Of all things bom none dies, but each by each 
Dissolved, shews forth an individual form*. 
ISlop is * a form of its own ', after dissolution it assumes again a 
distinctive form proper to it. Another reading is iripav, * a 
different *, i. e. a new form. ^^ Imperat. ^^ * Let the ma- 
gistrate and the commoner greet one in a friendly way ; in this 
case whose [literally in old Engl.^* whether' s*] greeting do you 
suppose cheers the hearer more ? * Observe that Tp6<rp. is used 
•as verbal subst. to irpoaenr. ^^ 2 aor. here intrans. . ^ d-r' 
6XKV/U. 22 <if«^ 23 On this cognate ace. see § 63 n. 17. 

126 n. 6. ^ intrans. perf. . ^ used as aor. pass, of X^w. 
*• dXiffKOfiou. ^ a common name for a slave. ^ dv-^Kw, 

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IRREGULAR VERBS. 229 

*• * a long farewell to yon *. •• \iiiha, ** €bplcKia. •* irol 
iiwf. Nil mihi vohitcum. The passage is an epitaph. ^ {<ir* 
ufii, ' that they may he acquainted with that life in which &ey 
delight, eating worms'. Mark the mixture of dual and plur. 
>^ eXfu, used as f ut. of ipxo/uu, Non ibis f *^ \anfidiw, 

•• 'Go packing with your decrees and your compulsion'. 
*f join with «t cf. Hor. non pascet in cruce corvot; and abire in 
malam rem, ** * with ', • as a relish to '. •• fut. of icar- 

€ir0lct, *» (JiW. 

§ 146. ^ ' humanly ', {. e. with moderation ; so we say 

* humanly speaking \ t. e, so far as man's foresight can reach. 
> * what belongs to *. • yiyvdarKta, See § 162 n. 25. * d- 
iroOrfiffKta, used as pass, of i^xoicTclpia, ^ BrfiCKta. This short- 
ened form is more frequent than redtrriKiifat, Cf. § 148 n. 17. 
and ^(TT^oi, § 188 n. 1. • See § 142 n. 9. T « during life *. 

* Tdffx^' * iicrlTTu, whidi is used as pass, of ^jci§aXXw. 
1* dndta, ^^ a pueri$. See § 48 n. 6. ^* 8ta4>€vy(a, ^» * the » 
quarries'; the same in which the Athenians, taken prisoners 
with NiMas and Demosthenes, were confined B.C. 418, and ex- 
posed to the inclemency of the weather. ** *for not praising'. 
^ The only name by which the Greeks knew the letter was o9; 
O was J; T, 0; B, et (Athen. x. 468 f, Plato Cratylus 893 n); 
the names by whidi these letters are vulgarly known are of very 
late introduction, and the last two are wrongly explained. was 
used by the Spartans also to denote No : Auson. epist. xxiy 86, 
87 unafuit tantum, qua retpondere LaconeSf littera, et irato regi 
plaeuere negantet. The king was Philip of Macedon (Pint, de 
garmlitate c. 21). A similar play on the letter I (Aye) is in 
Romeo and Juliet ni 2, 46 etc ^^ gen. after xXi^af ; so in 
Lat. occasionally after implere, ^^ the small and large let- 
ters, filling the page, would have the effect of an often-repeated 
soft No followed by a loud one: No NO; No NO. ^ 'of*. 
" Supply irrL *^ oratio obliqua; * for (he said) that he was*. 
See § 123 n. 2. » • even '. » alp^w. 

§ 147. ^ Like ^lot, ^eXi^n;, 7^, and other appellatives, 
which approximate in sense to proper names. fiaaCKtM is used 
without the art. to denote 'the Persian king^ (Heind. on Plat. 
Euthyd. 8). See i 169 n. 6. §11 n. 19. > jcara<rjc AXca. * hpiv, 
^ Sia4>4p», ft Tvyxarv. * wiveiw rtpSs, * to drink of some- 

thing'. A use of the partitive gen. to denote an indetermi- 
nate portion of a whole. So in Germ, von einer Speise essen. 
Engi. 'The people did eat of their sacrifices*. Madvig Gr. 
Synt. § 51 d. ^ *are victorious'; and have conquered. 

* * his men*. See 1 142 n. 2. ' » Supply irrlp, 1® synco- 
pated perf. Cf. § 138 n. 1. " aco. after xpoeX. *> iffrL 
^ On lx» with adv. see $ 148 n. It ^* Kal ijfuU. ^ t6 

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230 IRREGULAR VERBS. 

avrS. ^' Kw4(a. ^^ Que of the many Attic forms of address 
which we camiot render literally; *my good fellow \ in a que- 
mlous tone. '^ KaradapOdpta. ^^ aweidSra. On the dot. 

following see § 72 n. 11. ^ midd. ^ cl^&ra. ^a fot. pass, nsed 
as midd. ^ On the accent see § 71 n. 4. ^ dra and ovrta 
are frequent after participles, *■ though bom..., still after that'. 
•* syncopated perf . of ylyvoficu. See § 138 n. 1. ^ koX o^deCs, 
^ Kpariipa. ^ We o dv^p. ** iadtta, ^ adyerbial ; 

followed by koI, 01 aequo oc. '^ * the man is like a laboor- 
ing ox, he does no work till he has been well fed *. ^ < the 

Dog *, t. e. * the Cynic *. » * passed a sentence of banishment 
against yon*. ** Supply KoriyvufP. 

§ 148. * iKpattfOf, • cZireti'. • * before men expected 
it *. * HKlffKOfJLai, * -wdiTXia. The art. belongs to irpoa' 

doKouff on which vaOeiv depends. * Both T€$P€(ijs and Tc&vrt- 

K(i>i are used by the Attics. Compare the epic xexTetas (Att. 
irerrwr) from irinrw. See § 138 n. 1. § 160 n. 7. ^ oOSk 06- 

de£s, *not even one*. Lat. nemoy ne hostium quidem, ^ diroi- 
XSfieBa. * This was said in exile, when T. had received the 
tribute of three cities from the Persian king. ^® auf avw, the 
ace. depends on <r<f>. ^^ Supply irri, i' fda. " Ka0ai' 
pita. ^^ ^/>e, from atp<a. ^^ ' those, who once possessed it, 
I see' etc. ^« tA iicx,. ^/cx<?«. ^^ Cf. § 146 n. 6. ^ * nor 
have we [alone] lost a husband'; mark the sudden change from 
ifiol to the plur., and then back to ^c^. So in the next passage. 
10 imperat. of otba. d0. (Sh. On the nomin. see § 124 n. 5 ; on 
the partic. after a verb of knowing § 138 n. 5. ** * making his 
lot swerve to what is not fated'. ^ intrans. ^ iyK. midd. 
23 * Were you not the worst of men, you would never be dis- 
honouring your own city and praising this as your country'. 
** irpo(rSoKQ<ra. ** pluperf. intrans. of iyetpca. ^6 iKSi8pdaK<a, 
^ intrans. aor. of irapa5i5«. ^8 i^^^, «» from ^a (el/ui) 

used as imperf . of ipxoficu. 

§ 149. ^ a — (rv/juf>ip€i depends on aKo/Jetv. ' ia-Bla, ' xal 
ixet ^ to be rendered in Engl, by a past tense ; so etvcu in 

the next sentence. ^ * go abroad', used as pres. opt. of Tpo- 

ipXOfiat, • KarcaOita* ^ xopeip, * i.p.ir^(a, • fut. of 
€liil. ^® conj. 2 pers. ^^ used as aor. of faw. ^^ fielpo- 
fiai, ^' alpiu). ^* belongs to elirew, * methinks I would 

say*. ^ imperat. ^* *if'. ^^ conj. aor. otyLyvofmi, Kcd, 
*even'. ^^ perf. used as a pres. [root SLta]. SiSoixa is more 

common in 1 and 3 pers. sing. ^^ Supply iaH. * It's all to 
no purpose '. ^ with adv. * fares '. *^ rp/ra. ^ Supply 
iffrl, •* Xafi^dyw, ** ylypofiou. ^ The assonance may 
be imitated * sikin not to their persons, but to their personalty', 
•• * in order that ', * for the purpose of '. ^ The words x. i. 



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IRREGULAR VERBS. 231 

ftre treated as a neat, snbst. when the art. is prefixed ; * respect- 
ing the [question], of what character he is to turn out *. ^ U- 

§ 150. ^ Ace. of limitation. See § 75 n. 2. > dirvrtlpta, 

• xiiKa, * * unprovoked*, * without having suffered any pre- 

vious injury*. * iK<p^p<a. • intrans. ^ * When water 
chokes, what must one drink after it to wash it down 7* prov. 
Of. *Who shall decide when doctors disagree?* ^ ^ixeLvcap 

a fiaOeip, * fioMdcuKa, ^^ ^rrifUt syncopated perf. 

" wap^pXOfULL " aT6X\vfu. " *if *. " fut. of €lfAL 

^ TovTo. '• Aarrow, perf. pass. *' <!)P€i8UraT€ gnomio 

aorist, see § 76 n. 2. ^8 yiyi,ofjuu, ^' ace. after elw. * this', 
i. e, oO y, a. y4puy; «> 'if *. " See § 142 n. 9. " The 
son can say te the father, when he declines to indulge him ; 
' Have not you been young yourself ?* the father cannot retort, 
*Have not you been old?* * tukL >* See § 143 n. 11. 

With 0^. ipy, supply ierl, * There *s no difficulty in finding 
fault with a boxer's fighting^ but to fight oneself is no longer 
easy* ; no longer, t. e, when vou pass from criticism to proof 
of your own prowess. •* gen. after ft-, 'different from*. 

•• vdjX*'' ^ cvfiTlnTct, ^ cognate aco. after drvx. and 

eUScu/i. ^ fUfwi/f<rK(a, aor. pass, in fonn, midd. in sense; 

takes gen. as in Lat. ^ ^ro\afipdv<a, *^ 'also*. '^ y*. 
ypibffKia* '** jcoi dr ; take Ai» with yw, 

§ 151. ^ 6fiwfu, ' So in Lat. et nati natorum et qid 

ruucerUur ab illis. In Old Test, children's children, * ^wy 
dr, ' as long as *. ^ ^aXicrKv, A person charged with a 

certain function is described in Gr. by the part. fut. with art. 
0^8* 6 K<a\v(r»v TraprjPf ' nor was there any there to hinder it * ; 
'nor was there there the man to hinder it\ So deifieSa rod ira6' 
aom-ost where we say, ' we need some one to put a stop to it ' ; lit. 
'the man who shall*. See § 74 n. 33. Madvig's Gr. Synt. § 180 b 
n. 1. For the fut. part, without art. see above § 145 n. 4. 
^ The aor. is frequent in this sense ; the pres. is not used in 
good authors. ^ * of what is right * ; * of what he ought to say*. 
7 fjLTfSi 6^, * not even one single thing*, stronger than firfSip, So 
o68i eff. See § 162 n. 27. « koI idp. • 3«>a ^^ p6fu^€. 
" firjii 4r, *not even if*. " o4>69pa t. 'very much*. 

^' Xafifidw. ^* peri in use of X^w. w xvpBdpofiai, gen. 

abs. i« 'also*. ^^ irari. ^8 /toi^di'w. i* Supply 

iffrl. «» Sid. 21 alpiia, ** Pythagoras (luven. xv 174) 

veniri indulsit nan omne legumen, ' denied his stomach certain 
kinds of pulse '. Verses were ascribed to him AetXoZ, irai^etXoc, 
KvdfUifP Ato x^^P^f ltx,€<r6e' la6v rot Kvdfiovs re ipaycip Keif>a\ds 
re roK-fitaPy * Caitiffs, utter caitiffs, hold your hands from beans ; 
to eat beans and parents* heads is all one *• ^ dTodpijirKfa. 



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2M IRREGULAR TERES. 

^ oonj. aor. of i|a7o/>edw. ^ Zeno the stoio. * This line 
gives Zeno's bill of fare. ^ predicate * by way of relish*. 

» *to drink with [or after] it». See § 160 n. 7. 

§ 152. ^ 'his parents* (Wrrw). ' neat, predicate to fern, 
subject. See § 61 n. 1. Supply i<rrL * Kepapyvfu, * dxe- 
Xai^oy. ' 0^pw. ^ o(h-e. KcdiTip, * although \ regularly takes the 
partic. in Attic. So in the silver age quamqitam diruta (luven.) 

* although destroyed *. See § 157 n. 1. 7 from e2/u, used as 
pres. imperat. of (pxofiai, ^ omit in English. ^ ifiTlfi- 
irkrj/u. ^® used as fut. of ip%ofii,ai (dr^px.) ^ Odxa ; pro- 
perly a subst. ^' Translate : 

* Therefore come fire, come swords : scorch, bum this flesh. 
Drain my black blood and glut thee ; for the stars 
Shall sink to earth, earth shall mount up to sky, 
Ere that from me there^meet thee one smooth word*. 
^' oWa. ^* raOro. ^ irl/jLTrprifu, ^« AvSpa, ^^ the 

nomin. absolute, which is rare, 'and if one shall have sx)oken 
but to a single man*. ^ xt^otrro, opt. aor. of Twddyo/iai, 

" xlvcj. On the infin. see § 137 n. 20. so ^^. ai ^^^ 

KaroKafipdvot, " i<f>€vpl<rK<a. ^ <t>evy<a. ** X^e. ** aor. 
imperat. of yiyvwffKU). See § 45 n. 8. § 146 n. 3. Ovid, ars amat. 
n 499, 500 fama celebrata per orbem litteraf cognosci quae sihi 
qtiernqtie iibbeU Attributed to Bias, Thales, and Chilon, and 
to the Pythian god himself, on whose temple it was inscribed 
(Xen. memorab. rv 2 § 24). Sokrates seems to have frequently 
taken it for his text. *' Either Mi. 2 sing., or fore 2 pi. 

imperat. of oWa. ^ See § 151 n. 7. * 'Tis from a grudge 

that you thus ungrudgingly teach me much, in order that hear- 
ing much I may learn no single thing *. '^ ficufOdvca, ^ The 
master says. Fiat experimentum in corpore vili. The slave, 
the corpus viUy replies, * I know*. The teamed Marc-Antoine 
Muret, when travelling in disguise, fell ill in Lombardy. The 
doctors, taking him for a vagrant, said, Faciamus experimentum 
in anima vili, Muret exclaimed, Vilem animam appellas, pro 
qua Christus non dedignatus est mori f On the proverb see § 61 
n. 27. '* fiavedvat, *^ perf. midd. of irept^aXXw. *^ rb 
ipMv, " fKUfddvia. ft. i, * you will not have learnt *, a rare 
periphrasis; in the perf. the auxiliary verb and participle com- 
monly represent the opt. and conj. ^ fut. of elfd. 

§ 153. ^ Constr. ^« i/jupp, tAs hSods rQ>v dSijc. d/ox- 'while 
they are only beginning*. dvTurx^lp in the first sentence is 
aor. of di'rix'ia. * ifivifivpijiuu. ' Mpijfii, * dtaXafipoPta, 

* /i6v. T. ^7X- governed by ypap. • Kokia. ^ * Who knows 
but death is life, and life death ? except that notwithstanding 
[though there is so little to choose between the two] those 
mortals who see the light* etc. « (JXXw^i, intrans. 2 pert 

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IRREGULAR TERES. 233 

• rrao/Mu. "^^ ♦ This is mere by-play*. It is a cook, who is 
boasting of his skill. " *if'. " Xo/*/5cU'w. "* proper 
implements'. ^* r6 im-. ^ 6^fi6<r(afiatt from iipfiOTTia, 

^* * Syms ', a common name of a slaye in comedy, many slaves 
coming from Syria. ^' ylypoficu, ^ r6 ovri. ^* Spdta. 
'What happened in the case of the Sirens of old, that self-same 
thing you will see again'. *> * owing to*. » See § 151 

n. 7. § 152 n. 27. *« SA^ofiau ^ -omnino, ** Ziipxo- 
Auxi. ** irdpeifu. nsed as pres. part, of Tap4pxop.aL ^ ^(tti^ 
{ereu, a fat. formed from ftm/jKa, which is used as a pres. ^7 ^y. 
vita, ^ ^?ya, acc. of limitation ; see § 75 n. 2. ^ Tpotr- 

rpixbf* ** conj. after tfx/"* ^' The rescuer must stuff his 

nostrils against the fumes of the good things, as the companions 
of Odysseus did their ears against the songs of the Sirens. 
*^ a4>68pa x. * very many'. •' *of those who are seated', 

i. e, of the guests. •• KareaOlta. ** iTpidfirp^t aor. of <bv4o- 
jMu, * Some say you dye your hair, that hair which you buy 
jet-black from the market '. ^ intrans. 2 aor. of iTi^aiva, 

•• T«. ^ fut. of dHpxoficu, The thought is in Ps. xlix 17, 

Eccles. V 15, 1 Tim. vi 7. 

§ 154. * 6pd(a, * fierh ov iroXu, 'after no long time'. 

See § 159 n. 4. • * to associate with '. Lat. cum optimia 

GrcLecorum victunu, * opdu. * i^cupiu. * (J iraipe. 

^ fuufOaiKa, B yvyvtSnTKb), The yerses are a (rjc($\tov, or festive 
song, called * crooked ', because it passed from guest to guest in 
no order, but by the choice of the last singer. Admetos is tbe 
king of Pherai in Thessaly; by *the good' is meant his wife 
Alkestis, who died for him ; by * the cowards ' his father who 
refused to die for him. * ir, cIt. * to laugh and say', 'to 

say with a laugh', see § 69 n. 20 ; on the nomin. see § 124 n. 5. 
1® dat. after irr. ^^ gen. of time ; mark the plur., thou^ 

two are spoken of. " ^yriryxovw. ^* gen. after fietrTSp^ as 
in Lat. aiter pUnus, ** ^x*^* ^ *your beard*, a very 

frequent meaning of the art. ^^ with partic. See § 152 n. 6. 
'although you, if any man, have for your years black hair*. 
The Greeks say * if any other man also *, and Hhe [or your] hair 
black*. See on the use of the art. § 59 n. 24. ^7 0p[^, 

^ gen. absoL 'when some one required him'. * ^* dms, 
*® r6 dy. See § 185 n. 14. " 'which they [i.e, men] are ever 
seeking*. >' e9 7e, * bravo !* ' well said I * b^^came a Lat. word 
Euge, poetaf » See § 136 n. 12. •* itrrly, « See 

§ 152 n. 27. *• ' For [in the pleasures of the palate] the 

highest good [as defined by Epicurus] is added to pleasure *, 
you have not only the enjoyment of eating, but the possession 
of the summum bonum. The cook caricatures the teaching of 
Epicurus. *f Kol h. On the neut. predicate atxpov see § 61 
n. 1. ^ Kard, ' in that art which concerns us ', i. «. in our 

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234 IRREGULAR VERBS. 

culinary art. *• * Order is everywhere wise, but of our art it 
is almost the head and front *. ^ irapaTlOrifu, *^ xal a<p. 
dipatpicj, ** ixdyu. " * how they [the guests] are dis- 

posed for the dinner'. ^ * of the dishes themselves ' ; you 

must discriminate between dishes, no less than between com- 
panies. ** aor. of iiroplrifu^ here intrans. * some piping hot, 
some when they have abated of their heat*. ^ Supply diro\f/» 
The cook shews that generalship is required in his craft. 

§ 155. ^ perf. with intensified present signification, * know 
for certain*. wivuKcp pert of irLvu). ' * very weU*. ttr.from otScu 
^ xtpixLvTw. ^ Lat. ftigae nihil meminit. Madvig Lat. Gr. § 455 
n. 4. See above § 84 n. 4. ^ On the following gen. see § 81 
n. 30. § 147 n. 6. * <ruvaXi<rico/uu. "^ Siarpfifyia. * * tries to get 
clear*. • noctu. iiq(yd, iKX^ta. ** gen. abs. rirrw, ^ * When 
the oak has fallen, all the world goes a wooding*; a proverb 
applicable to Alexander's death. '^ *the interval is short*. 

^' gen. abs. dviicKU), ^* fdyyvfu, ^* A favorite maxim 

with Tiberius (Dio Cass, lviii 23). Nero, the burner of Eome, 
corrected one who quoted it, Immo ifioO ^ptos (Suet. 38). In 
modem times Apr^s moi le diliige has been put into the mouth 
of prince Mettemich, lord Palmerston, etc, ^' x^*^^ (m«- 

ra-x) ^ h ^€pos, ** Seipd, ^® mdffXdf. *® olda. In 
Lat. Quam quisque norit artem^ in hoc se exerceat. ^^ to Ifi, 
^ dir6XXu/it. ^ 7Xw<r<fa. ^ 6fjL<t>fM>Ke^ 6fivvfii, A verse of 
the Hippol. of Euripides, often attacked for its lax morality. 
^ supply iari. ** Ovt^kco. A proverb applied to the Athe- 

nians in Sicily b. c. 413; either they died in war or prison, or 
(according to report) they recited Euripides to their masters, 
and returned to Athens in some cases, and thanked the poet to 
whom they owed their freedom. *^ Syncopated perf. of 

yiyvofmu See § 138 n. 1. ^ <t>pov€iT«. ** * to \ See 

§ 122 n. 6. ^ ^adl^ta. On the mid. form see § 76 n. 6. 

'^ KoX odK. •* 0€i5yw. ^ KoX etra, ** 4>^pa, " gen. 
after irpd in x/)o/u. * fighting in the van of *. ** dat. of place. 
^ (TTop^wvvfii^straveruntt which is of the same root. A couplet 
of Simonides. 

§ 156. ^ Sdicva, « See § 9 n. 7, Of. ubi ad Dianae ve- 
neris, * (nriffxy^ofJLM. * pHi belongs to iirurrpatpi^ ^ * on. 
the way *. * t. c that Eurydike was really following himu 

7 * looked at his wife *. * who, esp. Demosthenes, were hostile 
to the Macedonian party. * See Kodt^bfiriv in Vocabulary. 

" See § 162 n. 27. " ylypo/jL<u, " often followed by 

re KaL ' He is at once both prosperous and wise '• '' hraufita, 
^^ droXoiTo and drdXaXa, from diroXXu/u. ^ gen. absol. ^^ im- 
perf. in use of irapipxoficu. ^^ rrpofxapOdna, ^* part. pres. in 
use oi ixap^pxofMu ^^ drrot, *<^ =:aute7n, * now *, i. «. * you 

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IRREGULAR VERBS. SSS 

muBt know *. » « also '. *^ hpita, *• intrans. 2 aor. of 
iiftlmiftt, ^ cogn. aco. ' he asked them such questions, as 

he used to ask*. ** intrans. pert of 8ta/>/>^7vv/tt. • *• with 
partio. See § 70 n. 7. •^ gen. absol. *« Xavddpw, A. 
/te ^wr, *I was not aware that you had*. ** *even*. 

^ alpiw, ppadijs etc. The hare and the tortoise. '^ used 

as perf. pass, of \4y(a, •* KareaOUa. " rapd, •* iropa- 
Xofipdyu. ** Sia<f>ipu. *• Kararp^x^* ^ iTi^aivw. 

^ TwOdvotitu. gen. absoL 

§ 167. 1 See § 162 n. 6. « /cat ^w?, » 8^ra. * ^ic- 
poUp(a, * Xav^cCvw. • XaTxavcu. ' €vplffK<a, * poetic 
for ^tT6v. • dirrw. This epigram occurs twice in Auson. 

22, 23. w piOe, (pxofjuu. " «ff//cvv/u. " intrans. 

2 aor. of palpcj, ^' hpdu. An epigram on the statue of 

Olympian Zeus. ^^ imperat. aor. of \iyia. An epitaph on 

Diogenes the Cynic, or Dog-philosopher. " syncopated 

intrans. perl of i^tlirrrifu. See § 138 n. 1 • ^' oIk^w. 

^"f * Just so*. ^8 0pii<rKia. ^^ neut. pi. after 4>p. *> rficrw. 
•^ • did you master*, vtpiyiyvopM, ^ * by spending*. 

§ 158. ^ airr^ belongs to iTurKOToip^oi. ' Medea prays 
to tiie god Somnus (Yal. Flaco. yui 74) inaior adesy fratrique 
simiUime Leto. ' cufxupibf, ^ * of *. ^ aor. of \iya. 

* 5ri is often found after verbs of saying, even where the very 
words used are repeated : so sometimes in English. ' Say not, 
that I lost', where it should be, * Say not, I lost ', or * Say not, 
that you lost*. So drtKpipdfiriyy 6ti o6, *I answered, No\ On 
this 5r£ before oratio recta see § 64 n. 22. Madvig's Gr. Syntax 
§ 192 a. 7 G^riSXXv/At. In Lat. we can imitate the assonance, 
perdidi — reddidi. ^ diroOwriffKta. * clirodtdctf/u. ^® M/>'0p40rjp 
T(, because we say d<paip€i<r6cU rivd ri; -so doceoTt celor. On the 
pass, of the middle sense see § 120 n. 10. ^^ d<f>aip4<a. ^^ * by 
whose means the Giver required it of thee*; diranita has 2 ac- 
cusatives, like posco. ^ evplffKu, 

§ 159. ^ Kdpjfta, * Kalij^lw^ A., * even if only for a short 
time '. See Liddell and Scott s. v. jcAv. ' dvaOiia, ^ See § 154 
n. 2. ^ * by a common Persian * . ' * the Persian king's troops * . 
On /3a(r. without the art. see § 147 n. 1. ' ivdlvTiitu, See § 138 
n. 1. * drodiZpdffKca. * the slave. ^^ Diogenes. ^^ dat. instr. 
" \afipdvto. " ace. after 0p. *to be crooked-minded*. The 
moral of this skolion (see § 154 n. 8) is, * The pot calls the kettle 
black *. ^* <rv, ^ Kreltfu, B.C. 514 Hann. and Arist. slew 
Hipparchos, son of Peisistratos ; brazen statues were erected 
to them in Athens, which Xerxes carried away, and Alexander 
restored. Other skolia were sung to them, and they are often 
celebrated in Attic authors. ^^ ByiiJKta, On the syncopated 

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236 IRREGULAR VERBS. 

form see § 188 n. 1. • ^r *u\ ^ i^ucw4oMM. •IftheUon's 
sldn is too short, pie<)e it oat with the fox's*; * where force fails, 
tiy craft'. ^* Kararldfifiu ^ 4mu^w» 

§ 160. * ifiwlwTCit, ' * on our part '. • rpdryv, 

* 9ia4>^fw, ' wpofiabna. On die crasis see § 57 n. 5. 

iirl roffovTo rijt U^rfs^ eo gloriae. • constr. w<rr« ^td toDto 

hoK€l¥ ToXXoi>f r(av tcBv, rdXty ^. iroi€Uf, ^ See § 148 n. 6. 

8 *if \ ^ KoX Up. " dXXo. " ZMTpibyw. " On a 

superstition of the same kind see § 116 n. 8. ^ alpiio, 

1* Ka$aip4<a. ^' tffrjjfu, * What practice [the actual sub- 

sisting manners and habits of a nation] abolished, that law 
wiU not estabUsh '. *« AXXd. ^7 Supply iirrL « • when 
one has escaped*. ^^ /ufur/jcKia, ^ gen. after /teftv. 

^ aor. imperat of nvvddpofiau *• ripd, * about what time \ 

«» Xofifidvia, ** yiyyofMt, •* ^P«» * you will bear water *, 
t. e, be dropsical. 



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VOCABULABT. 



dparoSf AT, 0|ot(yw), untrodden, 

"ApSvp^ <^» fd, a Thrakian 
town on the Nestos, the birth- 
pkoe of DemokritoB and Fro- 
tagoras. 

dpipaiof, or, mseoure, uncer- 
tain. 

dfilurrosy ovy plot a. a life too 
bad to live, that is no life. 

dpovXos, or, (jSovXi^), thoughtless. 

*A7a^oicX^s, ^ouf, 6, tyrant of 
Syracuse 317—289 b.o. § 97. 

dyaOiSf i^, 6¥, (good), virtuous, 
able, jfortunate, useful; rd 
dyaidy goods, wealth. Comp. 
and superl. peXrlwp and piX- 
Tier OS imply moral excellence ; 
d^ipiov and dpurroi ("ApriSj 
dp€Ti/l)y serviceableness, capa- 
city; Kpciffffwp and Kpdriaros 
{Kparos), superiority and 
strength; the rarer X^a;r, 
«more desirable, beneficial' 
(from the Doric verb Xw), is 
in Attic used of inquiries about 
the future (he consulted the 
gods, el Xi^op €(ri) : Plato has, 
(0 Xi^Cf *mj good friend' 
(Kriiger). 

*XydBwv, (avoSf 6, an Athenian 
tragic poet, patronised by king 
Archelaos; he is an interlo- 
cutor in Plato's Banquet. 

aTaXXa;, aX<2, to adorn; mid. 
with dat. to take delight in. 

dyoXfiCL, arc;, r6, ornament, sta- 
tue, image of a god. 

*Ayafi4fiv<aVf ovos, 4, king of My- 
kenai, leader of the Greeks 
before Troy. 



dywy adv.animi^, too much; 

fi-rfikif dyaVf * nothing too 

much', {. e, moderation in all 

things. 
dyatfOKriat Att. Q, i^w, to be 

irritated, annoyed at, vexed 

with. 
dyavdiaf Att. (S, i/jaw, to love 

§ 85 ; to be contented with, 
^ with dat. ; with partic. § 124. 
dyaT7iT6Sf ij, by, beloved. 
d/yy4\X<tty €X(3, to report, bring 

tidings. 
ayyeXos, ov, 6, a messenger. 
dyelpu, €p(2f to bring together, 

collect; midd. to collect by 
^ begging. 
dyimjTOSf or, not done; dyhrtp-ov 

Toieip, infectum reddere, 
dyejnrfjSf 4s, (^Aca), low-bom, 

base, vulgar. 
dyivvrrros, w, unbegotten. 
dytvvm, adv., basely. 
'ATijrwp, opw, h, 1. Agenor, 

king of Phoinikia, father of 

Eadmos and Europe § 100; 

2. king of Argos, father of 

Argos§142. 
dytip<as, w, (yrjpas), free from 

old age, undecaying. 
*Ayiii9^lXaos, ou, 6, Agesilaos 11., 

son of Archidamos, and king 

of Sparta 397—861 b. o. 
dytos, a, or, [hagiograpka, hagi- 

ology), sacred, holy. 
*A7ij, iSos, 6, brother of Agesi- 
laos, king of Sparta 426—397 

B.o. 
dyKaXri. ifs, 4> (uncus, angvlut)^ 

in pL the bent arm, em* 

brace. 

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238 



70CABULAR7. 



dyxvpOj at, 1^, anohor. 

'A^Xoft, /5os, ^, daughter of Me- 
gakles; a performer on the 
trumpet, fsuned for her vora- 
city. 

ayvoi(ay Att. w, i^w, to be igno- 
rant; -with ace. not to know 
a thing. 

dyvotUy as, r^y ignorance. 

dyvupLOv^fay Att. w, i^<rw, to be 
thoughtless, obstinate. 

dyv<bfi<ay, oy, senseless, unfeel- 
Ing; r6 dy, stubbornness § 62. 

dyvii>Sf «rof, d and i}, (YtTvc&tr/cwj, 
p. 69, a stranger: ignarus in 
act. sense; also like ignarus 
in pass, sense, unknown. 

dyop&y as, i), (a7el/)w), place of 
assembly, market-place, mar- 
ket. Lat. forum, 

dyopd^Wf dtrUf to be in the mar- 
ket-place; to buy. 

dyopcuoSf oPf vulgar, conmion. 

dypa4>0Sf oy, unwritten. 

dypiaipUf avQj to be angry. 

AypioSf a, ov, wild (properly liv- 
ing in the fields, savage). 

dypds, ov, 6, a field, an estate; 
iw' dypov, in the country. 

dyx^i^oia, as, ^, (A^x* near, 
voOs), readiness, quickness of 
parts. 

dy<a, fi^w, 2 aor. ifyayop, (Lat. 
ago, Fr. a^ir), to lead, bring, 
drive, celebrate; 47eti' V*'- 
XicLP, maintain quiet; dye— 
age, * come I* 

dydjy, Civoi, b, {dybi), a contest, 
race. 

dywvL^ofKii, tovfiai, to struggle, 
compete. 

ddaKpvs, u, gen. vos, tearless; 
costing no tears. 

(jt5€(a, as, i), (84os), freedom from 
fear, amnesty; o6 ydp (iariv) 
<£., for we have no licence, 
with inf. 

dSeX^iJ, ijs, ii, sister. 



dSeX^s, ov, 6, brother. 

ddecDs, fearlessly, securely. 

dSrjXoi, OF, obscure, uncertain; 
esp. in neut. dSri\6v (itm), it 
is uncertain, i^ dSi/ikov § 101 
n. 7. 

"AtSijs, (#817$), ov, 6, Aides, or 
Hades = Pluto, the god of i}ie 
shades; e/s "AtSov sc. oT«roi', to 
the dwelling of Hades, i, «, 
the infernal regions; ip''AiSov 
Bc. otK(fi, in the infernal re- 
gions. 

diiKid), Att. ddtKu, 'ffffcj, 'ffStKriKOf 
to wrong; rwa /*e7aXa, to in- 
flict great wrongs on some 
one. • 

ddUrifia, aros, r6, unjust act, 
wrong. 

dSiKla, as, ^, injustice. 

dSiKOi, ov, {SlKyf}, unjust; 6 a5., 
the evil-doer. 

ddlKbfs, adv. , unjustly. 

"Ad/iriTos, ov, 6, king of Pherai, 
husband of Alkestis, who died 
for him § 154. 

dd6K4ffxv^t ov, 6, a tattler. 

dfSoXos, oy, guileless. 

"Adpavov, ov, t6, Adranum, a 
town of Sicily under Mount 
Aetna. 

"Adpaaros, ov, 6, king of Argos, 
father-in-law of Tydeus and 
Polyneikes, leader of the seven 

. against Thebes. 

dSt^aros, ou, (Si^afuu), 1. im- 
possible ; 2. powerless § 45. 

^Sb;, ^o'OfiaL, to sing. See (fid-ff, 

dddjpos, ou, (dQpov) ; dSupa Stupo, 
gifts that are no gifts § 36. 

del, always, els del, for ever. 
6 del dpxi^p, the archon for the 
time being. 

d-eXiTTOs, ov, (iXirls), unhoped for, 
unexpected; ix tQv d4\irr(av, 
out of desperate straits § 33. 

derds, ov, 6, eagle. 

dj^tffduSf without hurt. 



Digitized by Google 



VOCABULARY. 



£39^ 



dti^if 4Sf {rjios), unpleasant, 
annoying. 

drjdlaf as, 7J, disgust; unplea- 
santness. 

drjdibPf 6voi, i}, (#8w), a nightin- 
gale. 

d-^pf ipos, 6t air; in plur. cli- 
mates. 

dddvaroSf ov, (OHiffKia)^ immor- 
tal. 

dBifiiffTOi, ovy unlawful. 

ddeoif OP J godless ; 6 d. atheist. 

'AOwSiy as, 17, Athene, daughter 
of Zeus, goddess of -wisdom 
tind handicraft, and of war; 
tutelary deity of Athens. 

'AOi/iva^e, orig. 'AOTfjvaaSef adv., to 
Athens. 

'A^^i^at, rpfwif, alt Athens. 

*A0rivaToSf a£a, aioVf Athenian. 

'Ad'livTjffiy orig. dat., adv., at 
Athens § 104 n. 6. 

^Adr)v68<>)poSy oVf 6, a Stoic phi- 
losopher of Tarsos, pupil of 
Poseidonios;OctaYlanus heard 
his lectures in Bhodes and 
took him to Bome § 103. 

deXrrr'^s, oO, 6 , (cT^Xoi'), an athlete. 

ddXios, a^oi^f burdensome, wretch- 
ed, painful. 

dOXov, ov, r6, prize in a contest. 

dOXos, ovj 6t contest, struggle, 
pains. 

aJdpol^u), c<j»t to collect, muster. 

ddp6os, a, oPj (a copul. tfp6os), in 
crowds ; at once ; cf . Lat. fre- 
quens, 

dOvfiitaf Att. Q, i^w, {Bvfi6s)t to 
despond. 

"A^ojs, (u, d, a mountain in Ma- 
kedonia, on the Stiymonian 
gulf § 146. 

cUou, alasl 

AldKciov, ov, TO, a sanctuary in 
Aigina, in honour of Aiakos 
§166. 

A/aic<$s, ovt 0*, son of Zeus and 
Aigin% king of Aigin% after 



death, with Minos and Bhad- 
amanthys, a judge in the 
shades. 

Afas, oyros, 6, 1. Aias, son of 
Telamon, prince of Salamis, 
one of the bravest Greeks be- 
fore Troy. 2. Son of Oileus 
and king of the Lokrians ; he 
abused Kasandra in the tem- 
ple of Athena, on the capture 
of Troy, and was wrecked on 
his homeward voyage. 

Alyeiiij im, 6, son of Fandion 
and king of Athens. 

alyia\6sj oO, 6, the beach. 

AlyiPOL, ijSy ij, an island in the 
Saronic gulf near Athens §156. 

Alyivcuos, ala, cuov, of Aigina. 

AlywiflTrjSy ov, 6, & native of Ai* 
gina § 124. 

AtyiaOos, ov, 6, son of Thyestes, 
and murderer of Agamemnon 
§116. 

Alyj&imos, la, lov, Egyptian. 

Afyuirros, ov, % Egypt. 

aldiofxai, Att. ovfiai, iffopxu, to 
be ashamed, irotetc rt, to do a 
thing; rufd, to reverence. 

aXZ<a, ovi, 17, shame, bashfulness, 
modesty, reverence, honour. 

AlT/rrrjs, ov, 6, king of Kolchis, 
father of Medea. 

aWdpios, a, ov, heavenly, ethereal. 

aWyip, 4pos, 6, {atd(a), the sky, the 
upper air, heaven. 

Aldioirla, as, ij^ Aethiopia, the 
country of the blacks, south of 
Egypt. 

AWlorjft oKOi, 6, an Aethiopian. 

atOu), to kindle. 

alfxa, arcs, t6, blood. 

alfxaroirrayris, ^s, blood-dripping. 

AlpMviOi, ov, 6, father of A- 
maltheia § 108. 

abfita, Att. (o, iirta, to praise. 
Poetic; iwatpu is used in 
prose. 

a&of, ov, 6, a tale, saying, fable. 



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U(f 



TOCABULART. 



aX^f alyot, 6 and 4, (j<rtf'w; hence 
aegi$)y mostly fern., goat 

AloKli, ISot, ij, a province in 
Asia Minor, north of Ionia. 

aXpwis, €(as, rj, (heresy), i. choice ; 
II. a sect. 

tdperosj 17, 6Pf {alpov/i€u)t to be 
chosen, eligible. 

alpibt, Att. a;, i^w, Upv^^f ^ c^^* 
etXoPi to take, conquer, con- 
vict ; midd. to choose, elect; 
pass. I. to be taken (in which 
sense dXlffKOfiai is more used); 
n. to be chosen § 120 n. 10. 

atpu, dpcSf ipKa, to raise, to set 
out, to exJalt; midd. to carry 
off, to undergo, to undertake ; 
to lift § 95 n. 15. 

eUffOdvofiaij T/iffo/juLL, aor. yadSfirjPf 
(whence aesthetics), to per- 
ceive, with gen. or ace. or 
partio. 

aXadrfiTLS, ewj, ij, perception, 
sense. 

^l(rxiu7jSf ov, 0, an Athenian 
orator, the antagonist of De- 
mosthenes and partisan of 
Philip ; 3 of his speeches are 
extant. 

aXirxtoroSf 17, ovj see al<rxp6i, 

alffxoSf ovs, t6, slur, shame. 

al(rx!i<tiv, ov, see cU<rxp6i» 

aiUrxpos, <£, 6v, ugly, foul, base; 
al<rxp6y {iari), it is a disgrace 
§ 63. comp. alcxiuv, superL 

Al(rxv\os, ov, 0, the father of 
tragedy, fought at Marathon, 
Salamis and Flataia; he de- 
scribed the Persian war in his 
* Persians.* Bom 525 B.C., 
died 456 B.C. § 160. 

aurxvvvi Vh Vt * disgrace; a 
sense of shame, confusion. 

tiL<rxiv(a, vQ>, to dishonour ; pass. 
altrxvyofiai, vovfiai, ijffKVfifiai, 
to be ashamed; with ace. or 
iwi with dat., of a thing ; woKoif 



re, of doing what I do; with 
inf. to do a thing (which there- 
fore I abstain from) ; ru^d, to 
reverence, feel shame before. 

Atfftarot, ov, 0, the fabulist. 

alriu, Att. u, ij^u, I ask, beg for, 
Ttpd r*. 

eUrla, as^ ij, cause, reason; 
charge, accusation. 

eUridofAeu, Att. ufiai, dffofitu, igrL* 
aiuuj accuse, charge; ^vov 
TUfdf one of murder (as in Lat. 
accusare aliquem proditionis). 

afrws, o, ov, guilty; tlv6s, of 
something; d afrios, the au- 
thor, the accused. 

AtrvTi, rfSf 17, Mt. Aetna in Si- 
cily. 

AlT(a\6s, oO, 6, a native of Ai- 
tolia, the district between 
Akarnania and Thessaly. 

al<f>vldioi, oPf (cf. i^aUpvrjs, d<pv(a), 
sudden. 

alXp.akKwTos, ov, taken by the 
spear, prisoner of war. 

aKi^STiXos, ov, unadulterated. 

*AKad7}fda, as, 17, on the Kephisos, 
6 stadia from Athens; in a 
gymnasium therePlato taught, 
and so gave name to the 
Academic school §§ 124, 15a 

dKivaKtjs, ov, 6, (a Persian word), 
sabre; worshipped as a god 
by the Skythians. 

aKlvdwos, ov, without danger, 
safe. 

iKoXaffla, as, ^, {KoXd^a), intem- 
perance, licentiousness )( o-oy- 
(ppoavvTi. 

aKdXaaros, ov, unchastened, in- 
temperate, wicked on prin- 
ciple )( ffdxppiav, 

dKo\ovOi<a, Att. G), ifffta, to fol- 
low, attend on, with dat. 

dK^Xou^os, ov, 6, (Kikevdos), a 
lackey, attendant. 

aKopiffTus, adv. insatiably. 

dKos, ovSf r6) remedy. 



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YOGABULAST. 



r 241 



dirot^tof, a, oPy (iKw)^ inYoliin- 
tary. 

cUco^, aofjuu^ a«ci^jroa, 1. to hear, 
TUfis Tit something from a per- 
son ; also with dxdy and other 
prepositions; to hear that 
sucn and such is the cause, 
Twro oOrus ixo^i oi Sri r. o. 
^X^*» ^^ ^* <*• ^^^i Twbs \4- 
yomot, to hear some one speak- 
ing ; TTts <ro4>las Tu»6y, to hear 
some one's wisdom ; 2. used 
as pass, of \4yta with ev and 
KOKios, to he spoken ill of by 
some one. 

dKpdTeMy af, i), incontinence. 

oKparifli, 4st (k/mit^w), inconti- 
nent, ungovernable. 

dxpipiSsj adv., nicely, exactly. 

aKpiToSf o¥t untried. 

ijcpodofiauy Att. cSfuu, {aKOvu), to 
listen to, with gen. 

dxpocurii, ews, ^, a recitation. 

dKpoaTijs, oVf Of a hearer. 

dxpoKuXiop^ ov, TO, generally pL, 
the extremities. 

dxpovj ov, TO, a height, the crest 
of a hill; the hi^est pitch or 
point. 

djcpoxoXitf ccuj, 17, the high city 
or citadel, sometimes meta- 
phorical, fortress. 

dKpoi, a, ov, {odes, aciu), the 
outmost ; <f . x"^<>*» * *^^® sur- 
face of the lip ' § 29 ; highest, 
^ first. 

d/crfj, ti'os, ij, beam, ray. 

*AKTaL<ayf upot, d, a Theban hero 
and huntsman, changed by 
Artemis into a stag and torn 
to pieces by his o\vn dogs 
§104. 

&KUP, dKovaa, aKOVf {kKiiip) un- 
willing. 

iXa\d^(a, d^ofxaL, to cry dXaXal, 
to shout aloud; esp. of a bat- 
tle-cry or shout of victory. 

oKdcTup, opos, 6, 1, the Avenger, 



avenging deity § 139 ; n. an 
accursed wretch § 160. 

dXyiu, Att w, i^c#, to grieve, to 
be pained. 

dXyos, out, TO, pain. 

dXyi^ta, pQ, to pain. 

dXeltfxa, f w, (Xixoj), to rub with 
oil; midd. to oil oneself in 
preparation for gymnastic ex- 
ercises. 

dXeicrpvufP, opos, 6 and ^, cook or 
hen. 

*A\€^apSp€vs, 4<as, 6, of Alexan- 
dria. 

^AXi^avSpof, ov, 6, I. Paris, son 
of Friamos. 11. Alexander 
the Great, son of Philip of 
Macedon, and conqueror of 
Persia. 

'AXt^is, idoi, 6, a poet of the mid- 
dle comedy, native of Thurii, 
contemporary of Alexander 
§103. 

dXiw, Att. Q, [dXal, Lat. molere), 
to grind. 

dXiftOeta, 05, 1^, truth. 

dXridevuf, ffta, to tell the truth. 

dXfid-tii, 4s, (XcufOdvu), true, ho« 
nest. 

dXijdtvos, i/j, 6p, genuine. 

dXtjOios, truly, really. 

*AXiKafnKur6s, ov, ^, Halikama- 
B08, capital of Earia, birth- 
place of Herodotos. 

SXis (dXi^s), adv. in abundance ; 
enough; with gen. like satis. 

oKiffKOfjLCLL, dXcocrofioA^ idXufKO, 2 
aor. idXwp, to be taken, con- 
quered; used as pass, of ai- 
p4<a. 

^AXkouos, ov, 6, of Mytilene, cir. 
610 — 602 B.C., patriot and 
lyric poet, from whom we in- 
herit the Alcaic stanza. 

dXKifl, Tjs, ii, strength. 

*A\ift/3id5i75, ov, 6, the famous 
Athenian general in the Pe- 
loponnesian war, nephew of 



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70CABULAR7, 



Perikles, pupil of Sokrates, 
bom B.O. 450, died B.C. 404. 

^JiXKfirjvTjj ijy, ^, wife of Amphi- 
tryon of Thebes, and mother 
of Herakies § 161. 

^A\Kvov€vst ibii^ d, a giant, son of 
Ooranos and Gaia, slain by 
Herakies § 157. 

ai,\KV(av, 6voit % halcyon, king- 
fisher. 

aKK\ see d\X^. 

aXXA, but, yet ; at the beginning 
of a sentence often, well then ; 
oi fidvav — aXXoi Koi^ not only 
— ^but also ; ciXXd fiijV, atqui^ 
however. 

aXXas, ajTOiy 6, sausage. 

aWaxoOev, adv., from another 
place. 

<iXXj/Xwi', reciprocal pron., one 
another; fier* d, with one 
another; irpbt aXXijXoi/s inter 
86. Dual aXXi^Xb;, oiv. 

HWofiaif aKovfiaif (salio), to 
leap. 

dXXos, 17, 0, Tcf. alim)^ other; 
ol £KKoi, tne others; &\\oi 
dXXa, {alii alia), some one 
thing, some another. 

dXKoTpios, a,0Pf (dXXos), belonging 
to another, alienus; strange, 
alien ; xaKWP § 49. 

AXwj, otherwise §§ 113, 143. 

dXfirf, 17s, ijy (d^s), brine for pick- 
ling. 

oXo7/a, aj, 1^, folly. 

aXoyiffToSf ov, thoughtless. 
I dXoyoSf ovy (Xo7o$), unreason- 

. able; irrational. 

SKSf dX<$s, 6 (sal), salt; gene- 
I rally in plur.,* often as sym- 
bol of hospitality. 

dyiffos, ovs, TO, a grove. 

dXvTTOi, ov, (XiJiriy), harmless, 
painless. 

dXvTTujs, adv. painlessly. 

«CX0tra, <av, rd, cakes of barley- 
meal, barley-bread. 



dXioirtKil, ifj, ^, (sc. Sopd), a fbx- 
skin. 

oKtaireKli, Idos, ij, a fox-skin cap. 

* AXonrc/c^cVjadv. of Alopeke §66. 

dXcimj^, eKos, ^, a fox. 

dXbfffti, €(os, ij, {dXiffKo/j^ai), cap- 
ture. 

dXcaroi, 17, 6v, (dXlffKOficu), to be 
taken; attainable. 

dfia, {ofiov, wwmZ), adv., at the 
same time, together; with 
dat., *with', 'together with'; 
dfAa fjAv—dfia, d4 § 118. 

*Ana^(iiv, opos, ij, {fia^ds, breast- 
less), plur. a nation of women 
warriors in Skythia. 

dfiaOifis, ^s, (fjuwOdycj), unlearned, 
ignorant. 

dfjLaOla, as, ii, ignorance. 

^AfidXOeia, as, ij, the goat which 
fed Zeus with her milk; rb 
'A/uaX^e/as K4pas, the horn of 
plenty § 108. 

dfia^a, 17s, ^, cart, wagon. 

dp-aprdpu), Trjao/xaif rjfidpTTiKCLy 2 
aor. rjfiaprop, to miss, with gen.; 
to lose; to err, go wrong, sin. 

dfidpTYf/xa, aros, to, a sin, fault. 

dfiapHa, as, ij, sin, error. 

"Afiaffis, i5o$ or los, d, king of 
Egypt; his reign ended b.g. 
526 § 106. 

d/iavp6s, d, bv, dim, blind, faint. 

dp.avpb(a^ Att. u, iitffu), to darken, 
to enfeeble. 

dfjt^Xtis, eta, iJ, blunt, dull; slow 
§32. 

dupXwta, WW, to blunt, to .dull. 

dfippoaia, as, ij, {ftpoTds; prop, 
fem. adj. sc. iStadi^), the food 
of the gods, ambrosia. 

dfiel^u), y/zw, to change, exchange; 
midd. to answer, repay § 61. 

dfidv(av, ov, see d7a^6s. 

dfiiXeia, as, if, neglect, careless- 
ness. 

dfieXib), Att. Q, 'fyru, to neglect, 
with gen. 



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243 



<£AieXi(;/ 4Sf (fi^€i), careless. 

dfieXQSf carelessly. 

dfierafi^XrjTos, ov, not to be re- 
pented of. 

ifiriy rjSf ijf (Lat. hama), a bucket 
§ 100. 

djuWdofiai, Att. ufiaiy "fyrofiaiy 
(AfuXKa, from A^ut), to com- 
pete, strive, with dat. 

*\fiofKf>dp€TOi, oVf 6, a brave La- 
cedaemonian captain, who fell 
in the battle of Flataia b. o. 
479. 

dfiveXoSf oVf iff vine. 

dfiirlffxofiaif another form of dfi- 
ir^o/xat, to wear. 

dfivydaX^y ^, ii, an almond. 

"AfivKoiy oVf 6, a son of Po- 
seidon, king of the Bebry- 
klans in Bitbynia, who chal- 
lenged all comers to a wrest- 
ling match. 

dfiivwy vQf (Lat. munio)^ to ward 
off; rcW, to aid; dfi^ofmiy 
midd. to defend oneself; iroicS 
rt dfjLvv6fx€P0Sf in self-defence ; 
Tivd^ to avenge oneself on a 
person, to punish him § 90. 

dfKpif prep, with gen., dat., or 
ace, (Lat. amb.)^ around, 
about, concerning, for the sake 
of ; with numbers, about. 

dii<f>Uvvv(u, (c3, to put on ; midd. 
to dr^ss oneself in. 

*A/Li^iroXts, 6W5, ^, a city of Ma- 
cedonia, on both sides of the 
Strymon, whence it received 
this name from the Atheni- 
ans, B.C. 437. 

dfKpKTpriTiUi Att. (3, ^<rw, {fialvfa)^ 
to dispute; with gen. § 75, 
to claim. 

d/i<f>oSos, ov, ^, a street § 189. 

d/A^o/}6</s, iuif 6, (shortened from 
d/j.<pi<f)op€Oi, * borne on both 
sides', having two handles), 
1. a jar; 2. a liquid measure 
= 1 i Roman amphorae* Am- 



phora Graeeorum. recipit tres 
bina Latinos, 

dfx<l>6T€poSt Of ov, {ambOf dfjup^)* 
both of two, both; the neut. 
as adv. § 156 n. 12. 

dfi(f)Wy dual and plur., gen. and 
dat. dfjupouft (ambo)^ hoth. 

dfuj/xos, oPf (jxiofios), blameless, 
faultless. 

dv, 1. adv.. Implying a condi- 
tion; etiroi Tis dp, *one might 
say'; ttirop dp, *I would have 
said*; in relative clauses it 
adds to the pronoun or rela- 
tive adverb the same notion 
as Lat. -cunqae, Engl, soever; 
in this sense it often forms 
one word with another par- 
ticle, e.g. trap = drc dp. 2. conj ., 
if, frequent in Plato and the 
comic poets. 

(Ua, prep, generally with aoc. 

I. of place, along, throughout. 

II. distributive, dvA rptit, by 
threes ; dpd fUpoi, by turns. 

dvapalpcj, /Si^jro/iai, ^^priKa, to go 
up, mount. 

dpd^affis, eus, ij, {dpa^alp(a\ as- 
cent or march up the country 
from the sea. See § 46 n. 
16. 

dpaytyp(6ffK<a, dpaypiairo/iai, to 
read; to recognise. 

dpayicd^, ffu, to compel, to 
force. 

dpayKouos, o, op, (dpdyKif), neces- 
saiy; rd dp, the necessaries 
of Ufe ; dp, KUKd, troubles sent 
by fate, inevitable. 

dpayxalajs, adv., o. ^ct, it is ne- 
cessai^ §§ 114, 147 n. 13. 

dpdyK% iyj, % (cfyx<^» Germ, eng), 
fate, necessity, force, con- 
straint; dpdyKni (icrL), it is 
necessary, with inf. § 63. 

dpayope^w, used as a compound 
of X^w, fut. dve/Mu, aor. dpti- 
TOP, perf. optlprfKa, to pro- 
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VOCABULARY. 



claim; to declare elected to 
an office. 

avaypd<t>^t ^(Oj (of. anagram), to 
record § 76 ; to register, esp. 
as a benefactor § 87. 

dvdyu, d^w, to bring VLp; from 
the dead §§ 81, 84 n. 25. 

dva5^«, Att. <S, i^(rw, to bind up; 
midd., to wreathe (the head) 
§160. 

dvaU^tajxif diiffcaj to yield § 75. 

dvddrifJLaj aros, to, (dparidrj/ii), a 
votive offering in a temple. 

dvaideiaf as, ij, effrontery, im- 
pudence. 

dvatdi}s, is, shameless, immodest; 
rd d. shamelessness § 101. 

dvaifxos, ov, (al/ta), bloodless. 

dvalp€<ns, ecjs, i}, killing § 115. 

dyaipi(a, Att. u>, ^crw, "ipriKa, to 
take away, remove, destroy, 
Mil ; to aboHsh ; to give a re- 
sponse, of an oracle; midd. 
to win, to undertake. 

dvaladriTos, ov, unfeeling. 

dycUrios, ov, guiltless ; with gen. 

dvaKoXiuj, Att. G), fut. u;, to ap- 
peal to, to call, to call on; 
midd., to recall, revoke § 81. 

dvaKdw, to kindle, light. 

aVd«c6t/tai, (roixai, to be dedicated; 
used as pass, of dvaTLdrjfii, 

dvaKpefidvvv/xi, fiQ, to hang up. 

dvuKpivdj, vQ), to examine. 

dvaXafi^dvta, Xi^xpofiai, tO take 
up ; to assume. 

dvdXyriros, ov, imfeeling. 

dvaXLffKcj, Xucru, to spend, to kilL 

dvdXTos, ov, insatiate § 158. > 

dvaX^cj, cuj, to unloose, dissolve, 
abolish. 

dvafiifjLvjjKO), dvafivi^ffca, to re- 
mind; midd. to remember, 
with gen. 

dvav^pos, or, unmanly. 

*Ava^ay6pas, ov, 6, a philosopher 
of Klazomenai (b. c. 500 — 428), 
who resided 30 years at A- 



thens, and had Perikles and 
Euripides among his hearers. 

dvaircldd), v(a, to persuade. 

dvairifiTu), yf/a, to send up. 

dvaxXdrrw, dffta, to mould. 

dva'irXr)p6(o,A.it. Q, dxroi, to fill up. 

dvapprfdelSf aor. part, of dvayo' 

pC^Ktt, 

dvappliTTb), \f/(a, to Cast up ; esp. 
^ to throw dice § 85 n. 8. 
dvappibvvfu, to strengthen again. 
dvapxia, as, if, (dpxn)* want of 

rule, anarchy. 
dva(rrpo<fy/i, ^s, i}, turning back, 

return; society. 
dvatrxl^^i (<^> (scindo, scissors), 

to rip up. 
dvardvuj, tcvu, to lift up; /Saic- 

Trjplav Ttyl, a stick over any 

one, to threaten him with it 

§69. 
dvariXXta, reXQ, to rise ; of the 

sun § 79 n. 6. 
dvarldrifii, dijffuj, {anathema), tc 

ascribe, dedicate, erect. 
dvaroXii, ijs, il, (dvariXXu), of. 

Anadoli, *eastland', a part, 

or sometimes the whole of 

Asia Minor), a rising, of sun, 

moon, or stars. 
dvarpiTTu), yj/w, to overthrow. 
dvarpiipw, Opixf/w, to nurse, edu- 
cate. 
dvarp^x^i dpafioOfi^i, to run back, 

return, start up. 
dva</)alv(o, <pav(2, to make known, 

proclaim, declare. 
dva<pvp(i), vp(S, to confound, mix 

in disorder. 
*Avdxap(ris, los, d, a Skythian 

philosopher, contemporary 

with Solon § 160. 
dvaxf'JpW^ov—cedefndumesty one 

must retreat. 
dvdpdvodov, ov, to, a slave. 
dvdpeia, as, rj, {dv^p), manhood, 

courage. 
dvdpeios, a, ov, manful, brave. 



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245 



d^lpia, a;, 'fi==avhp€la § 118. 
dp^ids, dvTos, d, (dv^p), a statue. 
*AvdpoK\€i9aSy 6, a Spartan § 120. 
ia^Kpayaif § llf), used as aor. of 

KiKpayot * I CJT aloud *. 
d^Aicca, <ti/<rw, to draw up § 143 n. 
dvefios, ovy 6, wind. [17. 

dveiriKo^prjros, ov^ without suc- 
cour. 
Smcv, prep, with gen., 'without*. 
dirfivvTott ovj fruitless. 
dvvi^^TWSf (diT^Tw), vainly; lx«> 

it is vain, impossible § 84 n. 21. 
dvi^Py dvSpos, 6t man, husband, 

vir. 
difdos, ovif TOf (whence anthology ^ 

polyanthus^ etc.) 1. flower; 

2. bloom, state, lustre §§ 91, 

119. 
dpdpibiriPoSf fff ov, human; not 

too great for man. 
dydpioirlvwsy adv., as a man 

§ 134; t. «. as content with 

no hi^er than man's lot. 
dvOpcairoSj ov, 6, man, human 

being =/iomo. 
dpdptarwpdyoSf or, cannibal.- 
dvloj aSf ijt pain, grief, trouble. 
dvtapSs, df or, painful, sad. 
dyidij, Att. a;, dffia, to grieve, 
' sadden. 
drirjfUy dvfiffWy to relax, slacken ; 

vvp dveifUvwy a slack fire 
. § 1^3. 
dvifJMiaf Att. a;, i^iroiuat, (^Aidf), 

to draw water ; midd. § 78. 
dviaos, oPj {l(ros), unequal. 
dvltrrqjXLy dyaffTrfffWy to raise up, 

to restore to life § 84 ; mid. 

with pert and 2 aor., to stand 

up. 
Ayplpai, ou and a, 6, Hannibal, 

the great Carthaginian gene- 
ral in the 2nd Punic war. 
dp6riT0Sf OP, dull, senseless. 
dpoia, Of, % (yoOs), folly, dul- 

ness. 
dpoiKij^u, 1(2, to remove up the 



country; midd., to migrate in- 
land. 

dpoiKTlpfitap, OP, opoi, pitiless. 

dpotfid)^, ^ofiai, to wail. 

dpTadiK^cs, Att. (3, i^ffia, to render 
wrong for wrong; with aoc., 
to injure in return. 

'AyroTof, ov, 6, the gigantic son 
of Poseidon and Gaia § 76. 

*A3n-a\Kldas, ov, o, a Spartan, 
author of a disgraceful treaty 
between Sparta and Persia, 
by which lie Greek cities in 
AjBia Minor were surrendered 
to Persia, b.c. 387 § 144. 

dvT€^cT(£fw, dffta, to try one thing 
against another. 

dpTewiSelKPUfii, fw, to shew in 
turn. 

dpTepurrdu, Att. w, ^(tw, aor. dP' 
TTip6fi7)Pi to ask in turn. 

dvrixcj, 04^(a, to hold against; 
withstand, with dat.; endure. 

dpTTipofirip, aor. (in use) of dyrc- 
ptardw, 

dprlj prep, with gen., instead of ; 
as good as; dpd^ ou, where- 
fore. 

dpTi^poprdca, Att. a;, liffia, to 
thunder against, return clap 
for clap § 64. 

'AyTiyovTjt lysi i?» daughter of 
Oidipus and lokaste ; her bu- 
rial of her brother Polyneikes, 
and her punishment, are the 
subject of the Antigone of So- 
phokles. 

*AyTlyovos, ov, 6, I. the one-eyed, 
father of Demetrios Poliorke- 
tes ; on the division of Alex- 
ander's empire he became ru- 
ler of the eastern part of Asia 
Minor ; slain, set. 81, at the 
battle of Ipsos b.c. 301. II. 
Son of Demetrios Poliorketes, 
sumamed Gonatas, king of 
Macedon 278—242 b.c. 

dpTiypdipu, ^(a, to write back. 

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rOCABVLART. 



ujrrl$€Totf oVf antithetic; rh oL 
an antithesis § 117. 

drnKaraWdTTOfiaif (o/aou, to ex> 
change. 

dmiXafi^dyUf Xrlxf/ofiaij to receive 
in return ; midd. with gen., to 
lay hold of, defend. 

'AvTi'oxos, ov, 6, A. in. of Syria, 
reigned b. o. 224 — 187; pro- 
tector of Hannibal, defeated 
by L. Scipio at Magnesia ad 
Sipylum B.C. 190 § 90. 

dvrliraXoSf ov, (tcEXi;), wrestling 
against; rpavfx&ruv § 23, a 
match for, a remedy against ; 
a., match, rival. 

*AvT/xaT/)os, ov, d, a general un- 
der Philip and Alexander of 
Macedon; waged war (the 
Lamian war) against the 
Greeks b.c. 323 ; died b. o. 319 
§166. 

^ kvTi<r6iirq^f ovSf 6, of Athens, pu- 
pil of Sokrates, and founder of 
the Cynic school § 156. 

dpTiT<LTT(Of Tct^w, to draw up in 
battle array against. 

dvTiTeLvUj T€V(3, (Lat. contendo)^ 
to resist, make head against, 
with dat. 

'Avrf^iXoy, ou, <J, apainter of Al- 
exandria, of the time of Alex- 
ander. 

dyrKpLKoTifiiofiatf Att. oS/tat, to 
pride oneself (on something) 
against another. 

dvTXdia, Att. (3, i/o-w, to bale a 
ship ; to drain, exhaust. 

airrpov, ou, r6, (Lat. antrum^ 
Spenser, antre)^ cave. 

^AvTwyiroi, ov, o, M. Aurelius A., 
the philosopher, Boman em- 
peror A.D. 161—180 § 99. 

' Ai'Tcivios, 01/, 0, M. Antonius the 
triumvir § 103. 

dwSpoSf ov, arid, without water. 

opvirbSriTOif or, unshod, bare- 
loot. 



drvTUf or dp6(0f ijcta, to accom- 
pUsh, complete. 

dpvcut see dpvTta. 

dvUf adv., above; Spa koI /cdroi, 
up and down. 

dpwitpy adv., from above. 

dPiiffioToSf oPf unsworn. 

opdHpcKTis, ist (50eXos), unprofit- 
able. 

d^iat oj, (properly fem. of d^tos), 
worth, due, deserts; irpds rijw 
diLav § 55 n. 21. 
jcard t})p d. according to the 
merit § 118. 

d^ioXoyoSf (X^«), worth mention, 
considerable, of consequence ; 
ol a., men of mark. 

A|cos, la, to*', 1. worthy; iiralpov 
rf. of praise ; d^iop ^oti, it is 
worth while =tan£i est; d^ios 
tx^ip, worthy to have § 149. 
2. cheap,worth the money §41. 

dj^iowj Att. u.f faVca, to think 
worthy of, with gen. ; to require 
§164;tothmk fit § 66; to 
maintain (cf. axiom), § 63. 

d^ico/xay aroSf tS, (oxtowi), repute. 

deltas 1 worthily; rtvds, in a 
manner worthy of some one. 

doiS6s, oO, 0, {4S(a)t a minstrel, 
bard. 

dolKTjTos, OP, uninhabited. 

doiKoSi oPf homeless. 

doparosy op, unseen, invisible. 

dTra77AX«, eXw, to report. 

dTayop€vu)f used as compound 
of \4y(a; fut. dvepcS, perf. 
dveipTiKay aor. dvdvovi to 
forbid. 

dirdyxi'^i ^dft to strangle; midd. 
to himg oneself. 

dirdyta, ^w, to lead away. 

dvadopari^y to deify. 

dira$'iisy4st msensible; unharmed. 

airacdeuo-la, as, ^, ignorance, 
want of education. 

dTcddevToSf op, (ir(u5e($cu), unedu- 
cated. 



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2« 



diratr^w, Att. (3, ijerw, to demand 
back; rufd ti. 

ixaWay^i ijs, i}, deliverance; 
departure. 

aTaXXdmOf ^«, aT^XXaxa* to 
release from, to remove from, 
mth gen. ; to put away; midd. 
to get rid of, to escape, to 
depart from, with gen. 

aVaXos, Y/, Of, soft, tender, de- 
licate ; enfeebled § 21. 

dTovraxoi/, adv., everywhere. 

dvavTcujit T^ffUf (dvra, dtrrl) to 
m6et; twI, 

ATa^=(for dircucts, semetj once; 
once for all. 

aTapv^OfMit Att. ov/KUf 1^0/icu, to 
deny. 

ixas, Aratf'a, dxap^ (Afxa^ iras), 
entire; all together; every. 

dvardijf Att. w, ijcrtu, to de- 
ceive. 

airdTTj, rjSy % cunning, deceit. 

diretX^cu, Att. <3, ^(rw, to threaten. 

airetXi;, rjsj 17, threat. 

dreifiif (cI/At), I will go away, 
used as fut. of diripxoficLL't 
impf. dwQa^ and the moods 
(£rc^(, dirUvaL etc., are used 
for the imperf . and moods of 
dtripxofiai. 

dveivov § 114, aor. of dvayo- 
p€6(tff to forbid. 

aTreipla, a;, 17, inexperience. 

direipoif (irct/oa), inexperienced; 
with gen. § 34, * ignorant of '. 

dweipoSf ov, (7r^pas)f boundless 
§63. 

'AireXX^f, oO, 6, the greatest 
pamter of antiquity, the only 
one to whom Alexander would 
sit ; his chief work was Aphro- 
dite Anadyomene (rising &om 
the sea) ; to him are ascribed 
the maxims, Ne sutor ultra 
crepidam; nuUa dies sine U- 
n«a §§ 118, 135.^ 

dxepvdpidWf Att. u, dtru, to be 



past blushingi; to brazen it 
out. 

dx^pxofMi, imperf. arja, fut. 
direifii, aor. diTTJXdWf to go 
away. 

dTrix^i d<p4^<ay aor. dtricrxpyf in- 
trans. to be distant &om, with 
gen.; mid. to abstain from, 
with gen. 

airtcrr^b;, Att. Q, •i\cia^ to distrust, 
doubt. 

drtoToy, Wf untrustworthy; faith- 
less. 

drXoDs, % oWf (Lat. simplex^ as 
it were one-fold ^cf. 8iirXous, 
two-fold), single, sunple,plain, 
opposed to compound § 110. 

dirXwj, 1. simply; 2. absolutely 
(as opposed to relatively); in 
a word. 

<iir6, prep, with gen., from ; 1. of 
place ; 2. of tune d<t>* ovy from 
the time when, since ; 3. ge. 
nerally of anything from which 
one commences, denoting ori* 
gin, descent, cause; dpxcffdfu 
dv6 Twoi^ to begin from some 
one; rh dirb To&rovy hence- 
forth § 117; ct t6 dx6 rovbe 
§104. 

dTTo^cUvovTOf rd § 18, results; 
partic. of dvo^aivta. 

dvo^aXKu, ^aX(2, to throw away, 
to lose § 75. 

dvoSXiiria, y/zu}, to look away 
(irom other things) to one, 
cU TL or vp6s r<; to fix the 
looks on; to regard. . 

diroyiyv(b(rK(a, droyvibffo/icu; ti- 
v6s (sc. SUrip), to reject the 
charge brought against a man, 
to acquit him § 72; rrfp au- 
Tqplavy to despair of escape 
§158; cf.§160. 

diroieUvvfu, ^ta, to display, 
prove, appoint, render. 

diroiijfxiiDf Att. iSf ijirutf to be 
from home, to be abroad. 

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70CABULAR7. 



dwoiijfda, at, 1i, absenee from 
home, stay abroad. 

dTodiSpdffKotf dpdffOfuUf dWSpor, 
to run away from. 

dw<MS<afu, ddxroft to return, ren- 
der; midd. to sell. 

dxodoKifULJ^w, dffVf to reject (on 
scrutiny). 

dxoivtaf a (a, to take off; midd. 
to strip § 75 n. 18. 

dToBri^ffKU, Oayod/iat, to die, to 
be put to death; used as pass, 
of diroKT€Ly<a, 

dirodOia, ffta, to offer up a saorir 
fice. 

dxoiKlaf oy, ^, a colony. 

dT0Ka6l(rTrjfu, Karcum^ffUf to re- 
store; pass, to recover, regain 
health. 

dwoKoKHwria, ^ta, to uncover, re- 
veal. 

dxoKdta (not contracted), xaik^Uy 
to bum off. 

dxoKXdu (not contracted), icXav- 
ffofjLoUf to lament. 

dwoKptvUf iPcSf to separate; mid. 
with aor. dxeKptydfi'nPj to re- 
ply; esp. to reply to charges. 

dxoKTtlvia, KTCpeSf iicrova, to kill ; 
to condemn to death, dxo- 
BvTjffKw is used as pass. 

dvoKv^vWy av<2, to glorify. 

dxoXauut, ffOfjML, to enjoy; t«- 
p6s Tiy something &om some 
one ; also with gen. ; and with 
ace. 

dxoKeixiay ^b>, to leave behind. 

dxo>ud6(a, (IxrWf {KlOoi)^ to turn 
into stone, to petrify. 

* AiroWb^wpoi, ov, 6, a young 
Athenian, devoted to Bo- 
krates § 118. 

dxiiSXvfu, o\(3t aor. diKetrai perf. 
oX(6Xeica, (il|M)Wy on), to destroy, 
lose. Mid. with perf. air6- 
Xo^Xo, to perish, to be undone, 
to be lost. 

'AxiWiitVf (op.os, 6, the son of 



Zens and Leto, the god of 
prophecy, and of the Sun. 

dxoKoyiofiai, Att. oufuu, if&ofuu, 
to speak in defence; to allege 
in excuse. 

dxoKoyifriw, verbal adj., one 
must make one*s defence § 86. 

dvokuta, v(T(a, to set free, to ac- 
quit ; with gen. 

dxo/jLavBdvcjf fiadi^oficUf to un- 
learn, dedisco, 

dxofUfUofMi, Att. wfiou, ifa-ofuu, 
to imitate exactly. 

dxw4fi(a, fju2f to assign. 

dxovl^y i/zu), to wash; midd. to 
wash oneself. 

dxdxeipa, as, ^, experiment. 

dxox^fixu), ^(i», to send away, 
send back. 

dxoxtji^du, Att. (0, riffw, to leap 
away from ; staxt away from. 

dxonrvlyoiy xvL^ofMU, to choke; 
pass, to be choked, drowned. 

dxoxTVb), (Tw, to spit out; to 
abominate. 

dxopiu, Att. (3, rjffta, to be at a 
stand, at a loss. 

dxopLa, as, 4, straits, difficulty, 
want. 

dxopoSf ovy {x6poi)f pathless, dif- 
ficult, at a loss, poor. 

diropp4<a, evtrofjuu or vriffofjuuy to 
flow away; to drop off. 

dxbpptjfros, ov, {dx€p<a)y forbid- 
den, not to be divulged, se- 

^ cret § 117. 

dxwT^iwvfii, <rj3^(rw, to quench, 
destroy; pass, with aor. dxi- 
ffpTfVy perf. dxiffprfKOy to go 
out, vanish. 

dxoffi^nabwy opQ, midd. to seal 
up as confiscated § 96. 

dirocKdirru, ^a», to flout, jeer. 

dxoaxdb), Att. w, ata, to tear 
away, to drag off. 

dxoffTiXXta, (rreX(3, tp send away. 

dxoffT€p4u), Att. (3, 'fyrtOf to rob, 
take away; rwd t«. 



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TOGABULART. 



349 



AToortprjri/js, ov, 6, a cheai 

dxoffTpi^Wf tf^u, to turn back; 
midd., to abandon ; escape. 

iTOffTvy^fo, Att. (3, to abhor. 

i.TOT€lp(a^ r€Via, to prolong; to 

. tighten; to continue. 

diroreX^bi, Att. w, fat (9, to com- 
plete; accomplish; render. 

aiiror4iw<a^ T€fjua, to cut off. 

dTorbfUi ffot, to pay back, to pay 
in full. 

dxorldrifiit O-fyrtat to put away; 
put off; lay aside. 

dirorp4irb)f ^«, to turn away, 
avert; to draw away from, dis- 
suade, with gen. 

iTorplpuf, xf/Wf to crush ; to rub off. 

dwcTvyxdrta, rc^ofiait to fail; 
with gen., to miss. 

dTo^alvtOt WW, to declare, ripa 
KaKdWf some one to be wicked; 
with part, to prove some one 
to be ; to render § 89 ; midd. 
to shew forth, to declare. 

diro^e&yuff ^o/iax, to escape; be 
acquitted. 

dxo<f>div(a, ffbtf to pine away; in 
fut. and aor. to waste, con- 
sume. 

dxpaKTos, w, unprofitable; use- 
less § 35; impracticable. 

dxpl^, {xplta, to gnash with the 
teeth ; cf . Xd^) , mordicus, with 
closed teeth, tight. 

dxpoiKOij or, undowered. 

dxpoffddKTfTos, OP, unexpected. 

dxTatirTos, op, not stumbling, se- 
cure. 

dxT^ip, ijpos, 6 and ij, unfledged, 
callow. 

dxTU), ^u), to fasten; to kindle 
§§ 123, 166; midd. with perf. 
'flfifitu, to lay hold of, to touch, 
with gen.; to engage in. 

dxiadi(a, Att. w, ibau or wOiicta, 
to drive back ; reject. 

dxuXela, as, ij, {dxdWvfu), de- 
struction. 



cf/>*, see Apa, 

dpa, conj., then, therefore § 63, 
as it seems; e^ ^^i^ Apa, nisi 
forte ; it never begins a sen- 
tence. 

dpd, af , ii, a curse § 146. 

dpa, interrogative particle, like 
Lat ne, dp* oi*t; is it not? 
dpa fiii; surely it is not? In 
§ 62 rl x<rr* dpa etc. *what 
then is the reason ?* like dpa ; 
but only in poets. 

'Apapia, a$, ^ Arabia. 

*A/)djfi7s, ov, 6, (now Arcut), a river 
of Annenia, which flows into 
the Caspian sea. 

dpdxprji V% "bf spider (Lat. ara- 
nea; cf. frugis, frumentum, 
for the omission of the guttu- 
ral; Fr. arcHLgnie, where the 
guttural reappears). 

dpdxvio¥, ov, rb, 1. cobweb; 2. 
httle spider. 

"Apaxf/, a/3os, 6, an Arab. 

*A/)/3i7Xa, <ap, rd, (now Erhil), 
capital of the province Adia- 
bene in Assyria, head quar- 
ters of Dareios before his de- 
cisive defeat at Gaugamela, 
B.O. 331. 

^Apyeios, cla, €iop, belonging to 
Argos, Argive. 

dpyla, OS, ij, (see dpyhi), laziness. 

*XpyLpowrax, Qp, oX, three small 
islands in the Aigean, between 
Lesbos and Aiolis ; here the 
Athenian fleet defeated the 
Lacedaemonian, b.c. 406. 

*Apyopavrat, uv, ol, the Argo- 
nauts, or sailors of the Argo, 
who sailed with Jason to Kol- 
chis to bring back the golden 
fleece. 

"Apyos, ov, 6t son of Agenor, who 
had 100 eyes, some of which 
were always awake ; hence d 
xap(txTijs, 'the all-seeing'; his 
eyes were placed by Hera in 

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250 



VOCABULAET. 



the tail of her sacred bird, the 

peacock § 142. 
"Kpyos^ ovs, rhf the capital of Ar- 

golis in Peloponnesos. 
apybi^ bvy (for depy ot)^ unworking, 

lazy. 
dpyvpl^iw, oVj t6j poor, paltry 

silver, contemptuoas diminu- 
tive of dpy Opioid. 
dpytjpioPy ov, TO, a piece of silver, 

silver money. 
dpyvpoyvibfxuVi ovos, 6 and iiy an 

assayer of silver. 
dpyvpoSf ou, d, (dpydsy bright, cf. 

argentum), silver. 
dpyvpovsy a, ovvy of silver. 
dpyvpcafia, aros, roy silver plate, 

vcLsa argenteay in plur. 
dpdfiry adv., (atp(a)y taken away 

utterly, wholly, =ifunditns, pe- 

nitus. 
"A/jctos 'trdyoSf ov, d, 'Mars* hill' 

at Athens where St Paul stood; 

the highest Athenian court sat 

there; the Areopagus § 115. 
^ApeowayirrfSy ou, o, an Areopa- 

gite, member of the court of 

Areopagus. 
dpi<TKii3y iffWy to please, with dat. ; 

pass, to be contented,' satisfied, 

with dat 
a^erij, ^s, i^, virtue, valour, ex- 
cellence. 
dpijyut (w, (arceo)y to help, with 

dat. ; to ward off, rtvi ri. 
"AprjSy €«s, (poet, eos), 6, the god 

of war. 
*ApidSvrjy 175, ^, daughter of Mi- 
nos and Pasiphae, deserted by 

Theseus, whom she saved 

from the Labyrinth § 114. 
iplSaKpvSy Vy (dpi' bdKpv)y very 

tearful. 
dpi6fi7iriK6s, "fjy 6vy arithmetical 

§ 129 ; 6 dp. an arithmetician. 
dpi6p.bsy oQ, 6, number (hence 

arithmetic), 
*Apurray6pas, ov, 6, Persiim go- 



vernor of Miletos; induced 
the lonians to revolt b.c. 501, 
and was slain in battle b.c. 
497 § 115. 

dpurrdJUf Att. <3, -fyrUy syncop. 
pei-f. inf. 'ffpurrdvai^ to take 
the dpioTov or luncheon, to 
lunch. 

*ApurT€iS7fiy ou, o, the Athenian 
statesman and general in the 
time of the Persian wars, 
known as *the Just'. 

dpi<rrep6sy d, 6^, left; ^ d. the 
left hsmd, like dextra and si- 
nistra without the subst. ; i^ 
dpi<rrfpwPy on the left § 134. 

^ApiffTiwvoiy ov, by of Kjnrene, 
founder of theKyrenaic school 
of philosophy, which regarded 
pleasure as tiie highest good ; 
a pupU of Sokrates, long resi- 
dent at the court of Diony- 
sios of Syracuse. 

^ApiffToyeiruPy ovos, 6, see § 159 
n. 15. 

^ApiffrbbrifioSy ou, d, son of Ari- 
stomachos; his 2 sons (§ 31) 
were the ancestors of the 2 
royal families of Sparta § 144. 

dpiffToSy Vi ov. See dyaOos. 

'AptoTor^Xiys, ous, 6, of Stageira, 
the great philosopher, founder 
of the Peripatetic school and 
tutor of Alexander. 

*ApKadlay as, if, a province in the 
centre of Peloponnesos, S. of 
ArgoUs, N. of Lakonia and 
Messenia. 

*ApKdSy ddost 6y an Arkadian, in- 
habitant of Arkadia in Pelo- 
ponnesos. 

ipK^uty iffUy to suffice, avail; im- 
pers. dp/ca fiot with inl I am 
content to do it ; pass, to bo 
satisfied, with dat. § 99. 

dpicTosy ou, 6 and 1^, i. bear; n. con- 
stellation Ursa (whence arctic) 
§127; m. the north § 24. 



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VOCABULARY. 



251 



'6.pficL, OToSf rb, chariot. 

'Apfiddios, ov, 6, see § 159 n. 15. 

opfMcHis, oO, 0, {&pfi6TT(a)f di- 
rector; harmosty goyemors of 
islands and foreign cities sent 
oat by the Lacedaemonians 
§ 147. 

dpiximay ff(a, {dpfioi, harmony) ^ 
to fit together; impers. dp/xor- 
rci=decety it is fitting § 79. 

dpviofiaty Att. ou.ucu, ^cro/icu, to 
deny, refuse. 

dpiflw, ouy TO J a little ram, a lamb. 

dptfdSf ToDf TTjs, (aries)^ lamb. No 
nomin. in use; dfiyds being 
employed instead. 

dptrdj^f dffOfioUf ijpwaKat (cf. ra- 
pio, Harpy t harpoon)^ to carry 
off. 

dppa^dPf (Dyof, d, (arrha^ arrha- 
bo)t earnest-penny; a pledge, 
an earnest, with gen. § 65. 

dpprjyj €Vy male. (In earlier Greek 
dpcriv.) 

dppuxrriat as, ii, weakness, sick- 
ness. 

(LppioffToif oVf {^(bffvvfu), weak, 
feeble. 

*Ap<TdK7fSi OVf d, name of a Me- 
dian § 111. 

^Aprayipfftji, oVf d, a general 
under Artaxerxes Mnemon. 

'A/wo^^p^iys, OVf d, I. Artaxerxes 
II. Mnemon, son of Dareios 
and king of Persia from 405 
— 362 B.C., against whom his 
younger brother Kyros revolt- 
ed §§ 71,159; II. A. III. Ochos, 
son of Mnemon, Persian king 
B.C. 362—339 §§ 109j 132. 

dprduff Att. u), -fyrutj {apapUrKia)^ 
to hang, fasten ; pass., to hang 
upon, to depend upon § 133. 

"ApTcfiis, cSos, ^, daughter of 
Zeus and Leto, and sister of 
Apollo ; goddess of hunting. 

cKprc, {dpaplaK(a)t adv., just, just 



dpTioSy a, ov, (of numbers), even. 

dpTost ovt Of aloaf of bread, wheat- 
bread. 

dpxcuoSf a, ov, (&om the begin- 
ning), ancient ; ol a., the an- 
cients. 

*ApxO<aos, ov, d, king of Mace- 
don, B.C. 413 — 399, patron of 
letters and art, of Euripides, 
Agathon, Zeuxis. 

^X'^f V^f ^» beginning, rule, 
kingdom, office § 140; i^ 
dpxvs, from the first, anew 
§ 149 ; T7)if d. or dpxh^t ^^ 
neg., not at all § 125 n. 22. 

^Apx^Safios, OVf df A. III. king of 
Sparta b.c. 361—338. 

dpxfriKTWPf opos, 6, master- 
builder, architect. 

^Apxdraif oVf 6, Archytas, a Py- 
thagorean philosopher of Ta- 
rentum, fl. 400—365 b. c, 
statesman, general, mathe- 
matician, astronomer, me- 
chanician. His fondness for 
children (§ 60) is proved by his 
inventing an infant's rattle. 

dpX''^* ^^i VPX^» (hence our arch- 
angel etc.), to rule ; tipos, over 
some one; to be^n § 90; 
Tov yivovSf to found the fa- 
mily § 67 ; aor., begin to rule ; 
midd., begin § 90; Tip6Sf some- 
thing; dirb TipdSf from some 
one ; all dirb NtK^ou dp^d/xcvoif 
all, N. among the first. 

dpxdfVf oPToSf 6, ruler; in Athens, 
archoHf the title of the highest 
dignitaries of the republic ; ol 
dpxoPTtif the government. 

da'€p4(af Att. «, ij<rw, to be im- 
pious; with rrfpif els or -irpos 
and ace., in regard to, against. 

dff€^risf is, impious. 

dffiXycia, as, ^, excess, licenti- 
ousness. 

dffTffios, oPf unmarked, indistinct ; 
of persons, obscare § 60. 

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70CABULART. 



dff$4p€ia, ar, 4f weakness, sick- 
liness. 

d<r0tv4uj, Att. Q, i^w, to be weak, 
to be ailing. 

d<r$€P^s, 4sj weak, sickly, poor. 

'A(rfa, as, ^, Asia. 

*XaKd\<aPt wvoSf i}, the modem 
Aakaldn, a seaport and mart 
of Palestine, between Gaza 
and Azotus, the seat of the 
worship of Dagon. It gave 
name to the sJuillot, Ital. sea- 
logna. 

dffKidf, Ati (3, "^aWf to train, go 
into training, to practise. 

diTKriffis, c«j, 17, practice, (cf. as- 
cetic), ' 

AaKTjT^oPf verbal adj., one must 
practise. 

* AffKXrjirtos, ou, 6, (Aesculapins ; 
cf. 'H/>ouX^y, Hercules), the 
god of healing, son of Apollo 
and Koronis § 160. 

afffievosy Iff oPf {'^60^x01, orig. perf . 
part.), pleased, glad. 

dfffUvias, gladly. SuperL dafie- 
palrara or ^arara. 

dffxd^/jLat, ffofiai, to salute, at 
meeting or parting; to take 
leave of. 

dffirlSf Idos, 1}, a shield. 

'Acrcrupfa, as, 1}, Assyria. 

^AffffOpiosj oVf 6, an Assyrian. 

dffreyosj op, houseless. 

dartpoTrrrT^s, ou, d, (darpawii), 
lightener, epithet of Zeus. 

darfip, ipos, 6, star. 

dffrds, ov, (J, (dcrv), a townsman, 
citizen, fellow-citizen. 

dffrpairrf, rji, 17, lightning. 

darpdTTOfy ^u), to lighten. 

da-TpoXoyia, as, 17, knowledge of 
the stars. 

dffTpoX&yos, ov, d, one learned in 
the stars, astronomer, astro- 
loger. 

dtrrpop, ov, t6, constellation ; ^i' 
roij dirrpois rWiffOai, to be 



placed among the constella- 
tions. 

darv, eos or e«f, to, a city. 

dffOperos, op, {aupliffxi), unintelli- 
gent, dull. 

da<t>dK€ia, as, 1}, firmness, safety. 

d<rif>a\i/is, is, (<T4>d\Ko/iat), not 
liable to slip, safe, sure. 

diT^HiKQs, safely, securely. 

dax'niM<r<fpyi, -rjs, % clumsiness, 
indecency. 

dffxoXiofiai, Att. oufiai, to be 
busy. 

aTaXalxupos, op, without pains, 
careless. 

dramas, op, unburied. 

drcKPos, OP, childless § 148. 

drep, prep., without, apart from. 
With gen., which (like terms) 
it follows. 

drexpos, OP, inartistic, rude § 107. 

dr^xytas, adv., {rix^rj), without 
art, rudely, clumsily. 

ctri7, 17s, 7^, {ddcSj, sin; ruin; a 
pest 

etr/^, ffu, to slight. 

drifid^, (T(a, to dishonour. 

drifjUa, as, 17, dishonour, out- 
lawry. 

drifios, OP, dishonoured ; disfran- 
chised. See § 102 n. 10. 

drlfnas, dishonourably. 

drXrjTos, op, insufferable § 102. 

droXfios, oip, imadventurous, ti- 
mid. 

droiros, op, strange, absurd, mon- 
strous. 

drpaKTos, ov, 6, an arrow ; a 
spindle. 

drpawos, ov, ij, (rpivw), way, path. 

'ArpeiJs, iws, 6, son of Pelops 
and brother of Thyestes, and 
father of Agamemnon and 
Menelaos. 

drra, i, e, ripd, 

drra, i. e. dr tva. 

*ArTt<fi7, ijs, 17, (sc. x^P^)t Attica, 
a district in central Greece. 



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253 



'AxTtK^y, if, ov, Attic ; o * ATTocrfi^ 
the inhabitant of Attica. 

drvx^u, Att. Uf ij<rw, ^i}x'?«f«> to 
be nnfortunate, fail. 

dri^ijfjia, aros, r^, misfortune. 

druxvii ^h unfortunate. 

wrvxia, as, ^, ill-luck, a misfor- 
tune. 

aZf adv., again, besides, on the 
other hand. 

aiwUffOf avQf to dry, wither. 

aOyd^, aw, to see distinctly, to 
illumine § 107 n. 14. 

aifdcUperot, ov, (ai)r6s, alpoviiaC), 
self-chosen, voluntary. 

avOii, adv., again. 

aiXiia, Att. w, ^(Tw, (ai)X<$s), to 
play on the flute. 

ai5\i7Ti7S, ov, o, (aiJX^w), a flute- 
player. 

av\6i, oi), 0, ((ti;Au, to blow), a 
flute. 

aif^difWf "ia-Wf '/jO^rjKa {augeo, aug- 
ment), to increase, exalt ; pass., 
to grow, rise § 148 n. 10. See 

aH^ut, TJaw, {augeo, to wax), to 
increase, exalt ; pass., to grow, 
advance. See ad^drw* 

dvTPos, ov, sleepless. 

avpiov, adv., to-morrow; ij o., the 
morrow. 

avTopK^irraTa, superl. adv., most 
inaependently. 

airrdpKtii, C5, (a<>T6i, dpKiw), suf- 
ficient in itself, independent. 

avTij, see ovtos. 

aOro^oel, by the mere shout; 
without striking a blow. 

aMetp, from the spot ; then and 
there ; at once § 72. 

avTOKpdrdjp, opos, 6 and ^, abso- 
lute ; the Roman emperor. 

a&rofio\^(a, Att. Q, ^ata, to de- 
sert. 

airrov, see iavToO, 

auTos, 71, 6, [hence autocrat, etc.], 
1. self, of oneself, by oneself 



alone without others' help; 
Kal ai>ros, et ipse, I [you, he, 
as the case may be] also ; 2. 
in oblique cases, him, her, it 
— 1«, ea, id; 3. d a&r6s, idem, 
the same; els raM, to the 
same place, together; Karik 
rairrd, in the same way; o 
at>r<$s run, the same as some 
one § 49; inr* airbv rbv Xo- 
<t>w,ju8t under the hill § 62. 

airrov, see kavrov, 

aitr^, see iamov. 

airxriv, 4pos, 6, the neck, throat. 

01^', see dir6. 

d<l>aipiu, Att. Q, 'ijaut, to take 
away, twI ri; midd. generally 
rivd ri. ripos, to reduce. 

a0aH(s, is, {<^aUvu), inconspicu- 
ous, invisible, unknown; of 
persons, obscure. 

d<f>avl^u>, iw, iifpdvLKa, to conceal, 
efface, make away with. 

d<p€ihm, adv., unsparingly, lav- 
ishly. 

d<f>diTos, OP, {<p6lp<a), imperish- 
able, eternal 

d<pOopla, as, -j, abundance. 

dipOopos, OP, • (<f>66pos), without 
stint, bounteous, abundant. 

d(f>d&pu>s, plentifully. 

d^rjfu, "iau, to set &ee &om, 
with gen. § 69 ; to excuse, pass 
over; ne^ect. 

dipiKP^ofiat, l^op-ai, dcpiyfmt, aor. 
dtpucofirpf, to arrive at, come to. 

d<plcrrrifii, dxoimjffia, to remove; 
midd. with perf . d<f>4<rTrjKa and 
2 aor. diriirrrip, to keep away 
&om, to escape, with gen. 

d^p(a, adv., (cf. i^ai<f>P7is), of a 
sudden. 

dipopdw, Att. Q, dT6\l/oixat, to 
look away (from other things) 
to, to look at. 

d<l)6p7jros, OP, intolerable. 

dtl>opL^(a, iQ, to mark off ; deter- 
mine; except; separate. 

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254 



VOCABULARY. 



d(l>0pfnif ^tf 4, a starting-point, 
an occasion ; means, supply. 

*A<ppodlTri^ rfSf T^f the goddess of 
beauty and love, mother of 
Eros. 

d<f>p6vw, adv., foolishly. 

d<pp<i>Pf OK, {d>prip)j senseless, 
foolish. Gf. amens, Comp. 
d<t>pov4<rr€pott superL d<ppopi- 
araros. 

d<f>&ifjf rjSf 17, anchovy. 

dipwjsj ^y, dull, incapable. 

dipojpos, OP, speechless ; tA fixfKava 
(ypdfifiaTa)y mute letters )( 
ifxaPT^ePTa, 

'AxatAt^»''7s, ovSf 6f the founder 
of the Persian dynasty which 
ended with Dareios III. b. c. 
330. 

dxaprjsj h, joyless. Late word. 

dxdptaToSf OP, ungrateful. 

*Axc/>oiJ<rios, a, oPy 'A. XliJ^PTjf va- 
rious lakes of the name in 
Thesprotia, at Hermione in 
ArgoUs, etc. Also the lake of 
lamentation in the infernal 
world § 142. 

dx^o/iaii iffofiai, to be troubled, 
vexed, with dat. 

dxOoSj ouf, TOf a burden; care, 
griet 

'AxtXXeiJy, 4u)s, 6, son of Peleus 
and Thetis, leader of the Myr- 
midons; his wrath against 
Agamemnon is the theme of 
the Iliad. 

ax/)i7<rToy, ok, useless. 

dxpi-i and before vowels dxpti- 
I. Prep, with gen., until, up 
to; II; conj., until, so long as ; 
dX' ay, with conjunctive. 

BajSuXcDf, wi'oj, ^, Babylon, one 
of the greatest cities of the 
ancient world, traversed by 
the Euphrates; from 625 — 
539 B.C. the capital of the 
Babylonian empire. 



BapuXupla, at, ^, Babylonia, to 

the north of the Persian gulf. 

Ba^v\(i)Pios, a, op, Babylonian; 

ol B. the Babylonians §§ 128, 

146. 

pddriPf adv., (palpta), step by step ; 
on foot. 

paSl^ujf lovfuuj {fiddrjp), to march, 
to go. 

pdOos, cwj, t6, depth, (allied to 
fundus, ^4pedi,^v(ra6s, bottom). 

^adtjSy eia, iJ, deep ; high § 92. 

^alpcjf pi^ffoficuj to go, walk. 

paKTTipioy as, Tj, a staff. 

BatcTpiaPT/jy ^j, 17, (sc. x«/>a)» 
Bactria, the modern Balkh, a 
province of the Persian and 
Macedonian empires; after- 

' wards an independent king, 
dom. 

/9<£X\w, ^aXt3, to throw, to strike. 

^dpavaos, ovy {fiaOvos, a(^w), work- 
ing by the fire, mechanical, 
vulgar, illiberal. 

^ctirrw, )f/(a, {baptize), to dip. 

^dp^apos, OP, {barbarian, barbar- 
ous), not Greek, foreign, speak- 
ing a strange tongue; gen. 
plur. as a subst., esp. of the 
Persians; the difference of 
language is principally im- 
plied: Ovid, barbarus hie ego 
sum quia non intellegor vZli. 
Of. 1 Cor. XIV 11. 

^a/)^ws, heavily; ^peuf^graviter, 
aegre, ferre, to brook ill § 68. 

pdpos, €(as, r^, weight, a burden; 
alsometaph.weight, influence. 

^apiLfs, eta, iJ, heavy, oppressive. 

jSao-tXe/o, as, 9;, Mngdom, do- 
minion, realm. 

j8a<r/X€ta, as, 17, queen § 150. 

paaiXeiop, ou, rb, a palace §§ 71, 
163, 158. 

)8a<rtXejJ$, ioas, 6, {whenGe Basil), 
king; esp. without art., the 
reigning king of Persia § 159. 

paffiXej^ta, aa, to be king, to rule. 

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rOCABULART. 



255 



Tu^ht over some one ; b paai- 
\f^(avy the king. 

/3a<r(XtK6f, ^, bv^ (whence 5a»t7ica) 
6 p. ot6\os, the royal, i. e. the 
Persian fleet ; Tb^aaCKiKbv^ the 
yoyal treasure. 

paaiKiKias, royally. 

paurOuinroL, 17s, 17, a queen. 

/3(£<rts, €«?, 1), (jSafj'w), step, foot, 
hase or pedestal. 

PaffKcUyu), ayiOy (pdcrKW, pd^ui, 
fascinate), to slander; to be- 
witch § 95 n. 9. 

pd(TKavos,op, slanderous, enyious ; 
6 /3. a slanderer; a sorcerer. 

/3a0, jSaO, bow, wow § 138. 

/3^)Satos, ovy or (worse) oj, a, ov, 

. {palv<a), filled, certain, Arm, 
sure. 

/SfjSa/ws, adv., stedfastly. 

B€XXe/)o06i^i7$, ou, A, son of the 
Corinthian king Glaukos, 
famous for his beauty and 

. chastity. Mounted on Pe- 
gasos, he subdued the monster 
Chimaira. 

piXoSf ouj, T<J, (pdWca), a missile, 
dart, arrow ; often metaphori- 
cally used, e. g. Ifi^pov p. § 111. 

.fiekrlajv, see dyaObs. 

pikncTos, see dyaObs. 

prjfAa, aroj, t6, (^alva), a step, a 
pace. 

pia, aj, Tj, (Lat. via), force, 
■violence ; pLq, or irp^f /3f ai', by 
force, on compulsion § 101. 

Pidj^ofiati daofjLOA, to force; to 
struggle. 

/3tatof, a. Of, forcible, violent. 

(SioLufSy violently, by violence. 

BiaSf aPToSy 6, son of Teutamos 
of Priene, one of the 7 wise 
men of Greece, flor. circa 
550 B.C.; many apophthegms 
are attributed to him § 155. 

fiipXtdpidif, ov, rb, (/3t/3Xos, whence 
bible^ bibliography), a paper, 
a book § 96. So fitpXloy, ov, rb 
§96. 



Bi&wlat af , i^f a province of Asia 

Minor, on the south coast of 

the Black Sea. 
ploi, ov, b, (same root as vivo; 

hence biology ^biography); life ; 

way of life; livelihood; the 

world around us. 
Bl<ay, <avoZf 6, a philosopher of 

the Kyrenaic school, bom on 

the banks of the Borysthencs, 

lived much at the court of 

king Antigonos ; famed for his 

caustic wit § 124. 
PiQvcUt SLOT, of i'doj (^(3). 
pXapepoSy a, of, hurtful. 
pXdpTjj 17s, 17, (jSXctTTw), hurt, da- 
mage. 
jSXaTTw, tf/cjf pipXaipOy to hurt, 

damage. 
pXaoTdyiDf rjirtaf aor. ipXaa-rov, 

to grow, shoot forth; to be 

bom. 
fiX^irojj \f/(a, I see, behold, look. 
pXiipapoVf ouy TO, (/8\^Tw), eye-lid 

§101. 
pXrjxyi, ijs, 17, a bleating. 
podutf Att. (a, fi(ro/iou, (Lat. boo), 

to cry, to shout, to roar. 
Po-fif rjs, 17, a cry, shout. 
PoTjO^it), Att. (J, i7(r(t7, to aid, suc- 
cour, with dat. 
Bouarla, as, 77, (jSoOs, from its 

pastures), Boeotia, a Greek 

state north of Attica. 
BoKiniKos, i/if ovy Boeotian. 
Bo(c6rtos, a, ov, Boeotian. 
Bot(in-6s, ovy d, a Boeotian. 
popdf as, 17, (rof 0, voracity ; j8t- 

PpdiCKia), food. 
poppas, ov, 6, the north-wind; 

also personified, Boreas. 
pbffKTifia, aros, ro, ifiba-Ku), in 

plur. cattle. 
pbdKUj riffiij, {pasco), to feed; 

sometimes metaph., with 

hopes, etc. 
pbffTpuxos, ov, 6, (cf. pbrpvs), a 

curl. . 



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VOCABULARY. 



pSrpvtt uof, 6, a duster of 
grapes. 

po^KcXost ouy d, (for termination 
of. Lat. colo), a cowherd. 

^ovXei^fa;, etjirUf to resolve ; Kaxop 
rm, on doing some one a mis- 
chief ; midd., to deliberate. 

PovXr/f ijSf ij, (/3oi>Xo/Liot), purpose, 
counsel ; a council or senate. 

fioiSXriCiSt ewf, 17, wiU, purpose. 

pottKofuu (Lat. volo), i^aofiaui j8e- 
PoOXrifiai, to wish; /8ot)\e( ef- 
T<i>; vi8 dicamt would you 
have me say? eZ povXti, if you 
please ; 6 povX6fievos, any one 
that pleases. 

fiovsy ^obsi 6 and 1}, (Lat. boa), 
ox, cow ; in plur. generally al 
jSoes, kine, cattle. 

ppa54<i>s, adv., slowly. 

ppaBvs, 6(0, V, slow. 

PpaSvrrjSf rjfroi, 17, slowness, in- 
ertness. 

B/)a<r/$a9y ou, <J, a great Spartan 
general in the Peloponnesian 
war; died at Amphipolis, B.C. 
422, and was honoured there 
as a hero. 

ppax^oiv, ovosy d, (Lat. bracchium), 
the arm. 

ppaxvSf cto, v, (Lat. brevis ; cf. 
Aaxus, Z^ria), short, small, 
few. Comp. and superl. re- 
gular; also Ppaxitav, Pp<^X^' 

ffTOS, 

BperraviKOSf ^, dy, British. 

ppi<f>oSf ovsy TO, a diild; of beasts, 
a cub, whelp. 

BpiapeuSy ta, d, the name in 
the language of the gods 
(Homer, II. 1 403) for Aigei- 
on, a hundred-armed giant, 
son of Ouranos and Gaia 
§118. 

ppovrduj Att. (3, rjaWf to thun- 
der; esp. impers. Ppovrf, it 
thunders. 

Ppovrfii ^;, 17, thunder. 



pporiiy oVf d, (fitlpofiaLy fiopros, 
by metath. p{p]poT6i; so from 
lioXLaKia, fjj(fi'\XdtffKfa, pXiSta-KOy 
I come ; from fitXiTru, m|j8JX£t- 
T«, pXlrrtOf I take honey; cf. 
mortal; hence ambrosia), a 
mortal. 

BpovTost ov, d, M. Junius Brutoii, 
the chief conspirator against 
Caesar, a friend of Cicero, 
who named a rhetorial trea- 
tise after him ; he died by his 
own hand b. 0. 41, after the 
battle of Philippi. 

pp6xoSf ov, d, a noose for stran- 
gling or hanging. 

PpvUf to teem with, with gen. 

ppcHfiUt arof, rSf (pippiixTKu), 
food, meat. 

ppuroSf iff 6pj {pipp(ixrK(a)y to be 
eaten ; r6 p. meat § 108. 

Bi^ot, (ov, ol, an African tribe. 

Bv^dvTLWf ou, TOy a city on the 
ThraMan Chersonese ; raised 
by Constantine to be the seat 
of empire, Constantinople. 

pvdos, OVf d, {abysSf pddos), the 
depths. 

puv^tjf Att. (3f pviTco, perf. pass. 
pipuiT/iai, to stuff, plug § 153. 

pvptrUf riif 17, (hence bursay pur$e, 
bourse), a hide ; leather. 

p<a/Ms, ov, d, {patvi»))f an altar. 

yaia, as, rj, poet, for 7^. See 

yv- 

Fata, a$, 17, Gaia, wife of Oura- 
nos, mother of the Titans, 
etc. 

Tdl'oSf OVf 6, Gains, a Boman 
praenomen § 101. 

ydXOf aicToSf T6f (Zac, lactis ; cf. 
dfUXyujf mulgeOf milk)f nailk; 
i¥ ydXoKTL or yclXa^of etvai, to 
be still at the breast. 

TdXaKTo<f>dyoif (av, ol, milk-fed, 
name of a Skythian pastoral 
tribe. 



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VOGABULABT. 



257 



raXctrat, wv, ol, Gatils, whether 
in Europe or (§ 90) Asia; gave 
name to Galatia. 

yafUuff Att. u, fut. yofiM, fat. 
mid. yofiovfjiai, act. of the 
man, with aco.,to take to wife, 
dueere ; midd. of the woman, 
with dat., to give herself in 
marriage to. 

ydfAos, ov, 6, (monogamy, poly- 
gamy)y marriage ; plur., a wed- 
ding feast § 136 n. 20. 

TavvfAi^drjSy w, 6, son of a Trojan 
king ; cup-bearer of Zeus. 

7(£p, conj. (never begins a sen- 
tence, generally the 2nd word), 
for; yes, for; after SijXop 5^, 
and similar expressions, 'this 
is evident; for'; with ques- 
tions, rls ydp; why who? § 
144 n. 21. el yap, utinam, 

yoffTTJp, rdpos, or r/xis, ^, {gastric, 
gastronomy)^ the beUy. 

yoffTpL/jxipyos, ov, gluttonous, vo- 
racious. 

yavpLdw^ Att. cS, daw^ of a horse, 
to prance; of boys, to leap for 
joy. 

76, at least =gMidem; is often 
to be translated by italics, or 
by emphasis; ^7c.;7€, I for my 
part. iccU...7c, yes, and. 

7e7W5, (3<ra, <uj, part, perf. of 
yiyyofiai. 

yclrujv, oi'os, 6 and ij, a neighbour. 

y€\d<a, <2, yeXdffo/xai, to laugh, 
lau^at. 

yiXoios or 7eXotos, a, w, laugh- 
able, witty. 

T^<i>Vi (opos, 6, son of Deinomenes 
and brother of Hiero, ruler of 
Gela from B.C. 491, of Syracuse 
from B.C. 484, defeated the Car- 
thaginians under Hamiloar at 
Himera in Sept, 480, on the 
,day of the battle of Salamis. 
Died B.0. 477, and was sue- 

. needed by Hiero & 12$« 



7 Aw;, (oTos, 6,. laughter; matter 
of laughter, ace. yiKurra^ 

yeXonoxoids, ov, 6, a jester, 

y^fua, to be full of, with gen. 
§ 120. 

7ei'€tt, a?, i}, race ; descent ;' ge- 
neration; age. 

7€i'i'otos, a, w, noble, brave, ge- 
nerous. 

yeyyaiSrrjs, ifros, i}, nobleness, 

yevvalufs, nobly. 

yewdci), Att. <2j vfiruy to beget, to 
bring forth ; ol y€vv7i<TavT€i, 
the parents ; also metaphori- 
cally, to produce. 

yivoij oi/s, TO, (genus, see ylyvo- 
fiai), race, family, kind; class 
§ 113 ; rb yivos ace, or 7^1'ct, 
by descent. 

yepaios, d, 6v, old ; comp. yepcd- 
T€po5, superl. yepairaros, ^ 

yipavoi, ov, 0, crane, which is of 
the same root. 

y4pas, «s, ^, pi. a, privilege, pre- 
rogative. 

TepT^yioi, u)y, ol, inhabitants of 
VepTjpla, a Lakonian town on 
the Messenian bay § 59. 

y€potrriK6s, 17, 6y, of (or like) an 
old man. 

y^pbjy, 0VTOS1 Ml old man ; plur. 
elders, senators (at Sparta) 
§68. 

yeikj, ffu), to give to taste; midd. 
to taste, with gen. 

yeufierp^it), Att. (2, rjcia, to mea- 
sure land; to study geometry, 

yetafJLirpris, ov, 6, a geometer. 

yeiafierpia, as, ij, geometry. 

yeupyiu), Att. w, i^ffoj, to be a 
husbandman; with ace., to till, 
cultivate. 

yecjpySs, oO, 6, {yrj, ipyop, hence 
Oeorge,^eorgic), a tiller of the 
earth, husbandman. 

yv* Vh if (whence geometry, geo- 
graphy, etc.), the earth, ]md^ 
ToO y^s;=ubi gentiwnt 



dbyGoo^i 



S58 



VOCABULARY. 



yrtpaiSs, d, ^, old. 

yrjpat, tat, «^ (7^/»«r), old age. 

yifpdiTKUj, daofMLf yeyrjpaKaf to 
grow old. 

Tfipv6ifrjSi ov, 6f a giant with 3 
bodies in one. 

ylyas,atn-os,6, (whence ojsi giant), 
gen. plur. the Gigantes, sons 
of Uranos and Gaia, of vast 
bulk and with snakes for feet. 

yiywofiait yevrjffOfAOUf yeyiprffiai, 
aor. iycvbfiifiVy 2 perf. yfyova 
(redupl. like gigno, from the 
root of y4voSf genus, kin,queen), 
to be born, to become, to hap- 
pen; irX'tiaifjv Tip6t, to come 
near one; iavroO, to become 
one's own master; yiyova, I 
have become, I am; yeyCiJS 
irrf cUwn, 20 years old; rh 
y€v6fi€vw, yeyopof, yeycrripA- 
vovt the occurrence. 

yiyydxrKca, yvuxrofiai, fyvwKO, 
aor. iyvwy, (redupl. like 7^- 
yvofxai; root yvo-, vo4(a^ Lat. 
nosco, know, ken), to know, 
to discern; rovro ovtojs Ix®"* 
this to be so; to judge, de- 
cree. 

yXafivpos, <£, 6y, blear-eyed. 

rXai}/c?7, 175, i], daughter of Kreon 
§§ 77, 127. 

y\avKl<TKos, ov, 6, a fish of a gray 
colour. 

yXavKUTts, tSos, glaring, of fiery 
look, epithet of Athena § 138. 

7XaDf, /c(Jy, ij, the owl. 

yXuKi^s, €ta, <t, (same root as dul- 
cis), sweet to the taste; de- 
lightful. Oom:p,y\vKlijp,i<rTot, 
or regular. 

y\^(a, \f/(a, (same root as Bculpo), 
to engraye, carve. 

yXiOTTa, rjSf ij, or y\(a(rffa 
(hence gloss, glossary, poly- 
glot), the tongue, language. 

Tvd^cuva, 7it, ii, an Athenian 
lady § 125. 



ypd$os, ov, ^, {yirvi, gena), the 
jaw, cheek. 

yrrfinos, a, w, (yivos), genuine, 
real, legitimate. 

yvibtiTi, nfi, if, {ytyviixrKta; cf. the 
gnomic poets; gnomon; phy- 
siognomy), mind, insight, opi- 
nion, view, temper, will, re- 
solution, decree. 

yvufpl^, i<3, iyp(i)ptKa, {ytyvd^ 
ffKoj), to investigate, discover, 
make known. 

yviapifAot, ov, well known, of note ; 
7. an acquaintance. 

yoyypos, ov, 6, a conger-eel. 

yoye^i, ews, 0, (7{7vo/£cu), father; 
pi. parents. 

yarn, ijs, ij, race, stock, seed. 

yovVf aros, ro, {genu, knee), the 
knee. 

Vopylai, ov, o, of Leontini in Si- 
cily, a noted rhetorician and 
sophist, after whom a dialogue 
of Plato is named §§ 94, 97. 

Topyco, ovs, ii, daughter of Kleo- 
menes,wife of Leonidas § 115. 

Vopy(S>v, ovos, or Topyd, ws, if, 
a Gorgon; name given to each 
of the 3 sisters Stheno, Eury- 
ale, and Medusa §§ 38, 125. 

yovv, {ye, o^), at least; for in- 
stance. 

youSrjs, es, moumfuL 

ypcua, as, ^, {ypavs, yiptar), an 
old woman. 

F/Kueu, wv, al, the 3 daughters 
of Phorkys and Keto, bom 
gray ; they had but one tooth 
and one eye between them, 
which was stolen by Perseus, 
who then had his way clear to 
the Gorgons. 

TpatKol, wv, o2, = Lai Gtaed 
§98. 

ypdftfia, aros, r6, {ypdipoi, ana- 
gram, epigram, monogram), a 
letter; pi. the letters, the al- 
phabet ; a picture §§ 111, US, 

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rOQABULART. 



259 



"plxa.^litterae^ a letter, •writ- 
ings, papers, literature. 

ypofi/MTiKit, ^s, ij, (bo. T^m;), 
grammar. 

ypafifiaTiK6Sf rjf 6v, (whence gram- 
tnatical), skilled in grammar, 
a teacher of grammar, a scho- 
lar. 

7/>af(/Aarodi^0'jcaXof,ov,d,a school- 
master. 

ypafifiri, rjs, ^, aline. 

Tpdyucof, ov, i, a small rirer of 
lesser Mjsia, rising in Mt. Ida 
and flowing into the Helles- 
pont; here Alexander first 
defeated the Persians B.C. SS4. 

ypaOi, abs^ ^ an old woman. 

ypa<fm<»t ow, r6, a pen, stilus. 

ypcupevSf ^wt, 6, a painter. 

7/)o0iJ, ^f, if, drawing, painting, 
writing; a pictnre, a letter; 
a prosecution. 

7^o0tic(Jj, i}, 6p, (whence gra- 
phic)f skilled in painting; 
^ 7« h'^^)f ^^ art of paint- 
ing. 

7/)A0w, {grave y engrave) , to draw 
§ 98; to paint, to write; to 
compose § 113 ; to propose a 
law; midd. ypdipeaOal ripa with 
gen. of crime, to indict one 
for—. 

Vp^iKKoSf ov, 6, son of Xenophon 
§ 129. 

TvXiirvos, oVf 3, the commander 
of the Spartan troops sent to 
assist the Syracnsans (b.c. 
414) against l^e Athenian in- 
vasion. 

TV/ivd^oi, dffu, (yvfUfSi), to train 
naked, to train for athletic 
exercises; med. to practise, 
exercise oneself. 

yv/ipaarios, a, ow, yerh. adj., to be 
practised; nent. one must 
practise § 85. 

yvfiviKos, ij, 6v, e. g, dytjiy, a gym- 
nastic contest. 



yvfi»6s, ii, 6v, (gymnastic8)i naked, 
unarmed; bare of, with gen.; 
lightly-clad, in undress. 

ywauceios, oy, or of, a, ov, belong- 
ing to women. 

yvtuuK^dTiSf es, {yurfff ttSos), wo- 
manish, e£Feminate. 

7uin7, oikSs, VOC. yi^ai (ylypoficu), 
a woman, a wife ; of animals, 
the female. 

7JJ^, yw6s, i, a vulture. 

5cU=di^, with interrogatiyes, in 
conversation, rl d. what then? 
§113. 

AalSaXoSf ov, 6, (^€uSdXK<a,daedal)y 
of Athens, the greatest artist 
of mythical Greece, designer 
of the labyrinth, reputed in- 
ventor of many implements 
§44. 

5aifjL6viop, ov, rh, the Deity (hence 
demon, demoniac, etc.). 

dalfitay, opos, 6 and 17, a deity; 
fortune. 

dalf, t6s, lit {dalu, to divide), a 
meal, banquet. 

ddKvoj, hii^ofuu, iiSrixa, to bite; 
sting. 

haKpv, voj, t6, poetic for SdKpvop, 

SdKpvo¥, ov, t6 (lacrima, tear), a 
tear. 

SaKpvcj, (TU), to shed tears, lament. 

SdKTvXos, ov, 6, {digitus, dactyl, 
d^xofJMi), a finger. 

ddfxap, apros, rj, {dafid^ta, tame), 
a wife. Poetic. 

Aapdrf, ifi, 1), daughter of A- 
krisios, king of Argos; she 
bore Perseus to Zeus, who 
made his way to her prison 
in the shape of a golden 
shower. 

AopatSeSi w, oX, the 50 daugh- 
ters of Danaos, who all, except 
Hypermnestra, slew their 
husbands, and in the infernal 
regions were condenmed to 

17—2 



260 



VOCABULARY. 



poor water into a leaking 
yessel § 124. 

^ava6% oO, <J, son of the Egyp- 
tian king BeloB ; he migrated 
to Argos. 

iaTrajfdfa^ Att. (a, ^o;, (Siirrw, 
to devour), to 8i>end. 

laLTiiv% lyf, 17, expense. 

Aap€iK6sf 00, 6y a gold stater, 
worth a little more than a 
guinea; named from Dareios 
Hystaspes, tmder whose reign 
ttiey were coined; cf. a Ja- 
cobus, a Napoleon. 

AapeToSf ou, 6, (a Persian word, 
*the mighty') i. son of Hy- 
fitaspes, 4th king of Persia 
B. 0. 621 — 485, the invader of 
S^hia and Greece ; 11. Ochos, 
illegitimate son of Artaxerxes 
Longimanus, king of Persia, 
B. 0. 423 — 104 ; iii. Godoman- 
nos, last king of Persia, b. 0. 
336—330, defeated by Alex- 
ander § 114. 

5$iy dq,5os, 17, (Scdcaf to kindle), a 
torch. 

Aarif, iSoSj 6, a Persian general, 
defeated at Marathon, b.o. 
490 § 31. 

hd.<f>v% 175, 17, the bay-tree § 129. 

Sa\f/i\(2i, adv. (SaVrw, to devour), 
lavishly. 

5^, but ; often used simply to de- 
note transition to anew clause; 
often preceded by ^, it is tTrae^ 
hut stilly like the Lat. tatnen 
after quidem; often begins the 
apodosis where it may some- 
times be translated tJierij but 
is often not to be translated; 
on resuming, after a paren- 
thesis, I say; xal — $^, and 
also. 

diSta {Sl(a)y to fear, perf. used as 
pres.; of the ind. 3 sing, and 
1, 2, 8 plur. are used in prose; 
and of the plnp. 2 and 3 sing. 



and 1, 2, 8 plur. ; the other 

moods throughout. 
948oLKa (d€lduf)y to fear, perl used 

as pres. ; aor. USeura. 
Sec, see S4<a. 
i€TyftHf arotf ri, (ddianf/u), a 

sample § 50. 
teUvvfu, f w, {digitus^ indieo), to 

shew, display, explain, prove. 
SetX^f, 17, 6if, (Wos), cowardly; 

caitiff, poor, miserable. 
AufioSf ov, 0, {9dos), Dismay, 

son and attendant of Ares in 

Homer and Hesiod. 
deiva, 6i ii, r6, deu^oSj Seu^t, dcu^a, 

so and so; such a one; what 

d*je call it. 
Jetv^s, 'ff, 6vy {Sios)y i. terrible, 

feturful, dangerous; deivdyiari, 

it is a shame, with inl , there 

is a danger of; deani vbcos, a 

severeillness; Setvd iraBeiVy to 

be ill-used; hnphp ToieTaOai 

= aegre ferre. 11. strange, 

mighty, m. skilful, capable; 

TTcpl TLy in something; 5. 

\^€tVf an able speaker; often 

with inf., he is a rare man to 

— , it is his way to; liable to ; 

r6 d. as subst. danger, suffer- ' 

ing. 
d€iTv4caf Att. w, ij<rw, syncop. 

perf. dtSeiirpdyai § 128, to dine. 
SeiTTpl^Uf LUf to entertain at 

dinner. 
SeTiryov, ov, t6, (SdrriS), dinner. 
SetfftdalfiujVf OP, fearing the gods, 

in good or bad sense ; religious y 

superstitious. 
S^xa, ol, alyTd, {decern^ decad),ten. 
dcKdirrjxySi v, ten cubits in length. 
S^Kdrrfy rjSy ij, (i. e, fidipa) a tenth 

part, a tithe §§ 112, 154, 
S^Karos, % ov, tenth. 
U\T0Sy ovy rif (from the shape A), 

a writing-tablet. 
^€\4>is, tvo%, 0, a dolphin. 
A€\<poi, uVf olf a town in PhoMs 

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361 



on mt. Pamasos, famous for 
the orade and temple of A- 
' polio and for the Pythian 
games, 

^dpov, ov, t6, a tree. 

9e^id, cLij ^, (sc. x^p) ^® right 
hand (or arm) ; Se^tiiw Siddvat, 
to shake hands; Germ, die 
Hand geben. 

Se^tof, df bPy (dexter t dexterom), 
on the right hand; fortnnate; 
adroit. 

Ziofiaiy see S^w. 

hiovy see Zita, 

d4oSj ovSf t6i fear. 

J^Ttts, oof, t6, a goblet. 

84paSj arof, r6, poet, for d^pfia, 

AepK€Td>f ovsj 17, a Syrian god- 
dess. 

S4pK0]uiait with perf. as pres. 
diiopxaj to see; aor. (SpaKov, 
aor. pass. iS^pxOw^ Poetic. 

Sipfiaf aroSyTdf (dipu)t skin, hide, 
leather. 

S4p<o, p(3y aor. pass, iidprp^t to 
flay; to flog §106. 

d€(TiJi6ti oO, 6j (5^w), pL ol or ra, 
a bond. 

SeairSTTjfj ou, 6, (allied to irSais; 
hence despot) ^ a master, lord, 
owner. 

AevKaUujv, uposy 6y a Thessalian, 
prince of Phthia, son of Pro- 
metheus and husband of Pyr- 
rha. He and his wife were 
saved in a ship from the de- 
luge which overwhelmed the 
sinful world around them § 95. 

Sivpo, adv., hither. 

de&reposy a, ov, (comparative form 
from JiJo), second; rb devrepov, 
S. or d€VT€pa, in the second 
place ; Seirepov rlOftrOat ri rt- 
pot, to make something of less 
account than something else, 
to prefer the other thing to it. 

ZixofifUy ^ofiai, to receive, accept, 
entertain. 



^w, ijo-ar, aor. pass. Metsy to 
bind §§ 87, 99, 131; 3€^cif rA 
K^parOf with its horns bound. 

b4u)y i^cta, to lack; n-oXXoO $., I 
am far from, with inf.; imi 
dXlyov biovra Uarbvy 100 years 
within a little; generally im- 
personal, bd lie \4yetVy I must 
speak; bei fiol rufosy I need 
something ; 6\lyov betp, so as 
to want a little, all but; -fiw 
biij, if it be necessary; rh b^- 
ovTOy what is necessary § 153 
n. 13; e/s rb b4ov, for needful 
purposes; v\4ov rov b^ovroSy 
more than is right ; ace. abs. 
biovy like bb^av, there being 
need. 

biofiat, T^ffOfiaty to require, want, 
with gen.; to beg, entreat of 
a person, with 2 genitives. 

bi^y indeed, then, trit bi/i, you 
of all men ; in questions, like 
tandem, pray § 114. koI b^ 
KcUy aye and. 

brj0€Vy adv., really; ironical, as 
he pretended § 105. 

Arj'idveipay as, ij, wife of Hera- 
kles. 

^17X0$, 17, ov, manifest; bijXos rjp 
Oavfid^vy he betrayed his ad- 
miration of § 111 ; briKw iy€- 
viffdy^v i^ C^v itrpa^dTTpf, they 
shewed it by their acts; brjXov 
briy evidently. 

AijXosy ov, iiy the sacred island 
of Greece, the smallest of the 
Kyklades in the Aigaian, which 
lie around it; a famous mart, 
the seat of the temple and 
oracle of Apollo. 

brj\6i»j, Att. (3, (ixrd), to make 
known, to manifest. 

ArjfidbrjSy ovy b, an Athenian ora- 
tor, an opponent of Demos- 
thenes, noted for prodigality 
§§ 80, 158. 

ArifiTfrrfpy rpbs, (mother earth), 

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VOCABULARY, 



the goddess of agricultare and 
of frmtfulness § 29. 

AfififrfKos, Wi 6, I. Poliorketes 
(city-taker) son of Antigonos, 
bom 837 B.C., took a leading 
part in the wars of Alexander's 
Buccessors; captured Athens, 
B.C. 307, and was received with 
royal honours; took the name 
of king B.C. 806; he died, after 
many reyerses, B.C. 283 at Apa- 
mea in Syria, n. Phalereus, 
a statesman and politician, 
pupil of Theophrastus and 
Menander, bom cir. 845 b.c. 
died 283; entrusted by Cas- 
sander with the government 
of Athens B.C. 317—307; after- 
wards summoned to the coun- 
cil of Ptolemaios Lagi. 

drjfuovpyioj, Att. (3, i7<r(i;, to fa- 
bricate, construct. 

SrifuovpySs, oO, 6, a handicrafts- 
man, a maker. 

drifioKparLa, as, ^, democracy. 

S^fioSfOVf 6, 1, the coromons; the 
people, n. a township, subdi- 
vision of the tribe. 

LritMxrdivyit, ovs, 6, the greatest 
Athenian orator, and head of 
the opposition to Philip §§ 82, 
111, 157, 160. 

hifUaioSf a, oi', public; irjfioffl^ 
§ 118, generally =tmZ^o. 

ArjfMPa^f aicToi, S, a cynic phi- 
losopher of the time of Ha- 
drian, of humane disposi- 
tion and generally esteemed. 
His friend Luoian describes 
him in his Demonax §§ 73, 110. 

SiproTe, adv., at some time; rl d., 
why in all the world? 

Si/irov, and dijrovOcp, adv., doubt- 
less, surely. 

STJTOf adv., to be sure, indeed; 
in answers, with a word that 
echoes the question, yes to be 
sure; rL «., why then? 



A/< see Zeh. 

did, prep., throng^; i. with gen. 
1. of place, through; ^ W- 
Xovs, continually; at a dis- 
tance ; 8id iroXXof;, at a great 
distance ; 2. of time, through- 
out, during, Sih, xam-bs roO 
ploVf or 8(d piov, during his « 
whole life ; of interval of time, 
Std xp^o^i ^^^ ^ time, did 
iroXXoO, after a long time ; of 
the instrument or means, Bi* 
ofiwoLaSf in concord; of the 
way or manner, di' dpyiit, in 
passion ; did ^povrlSos ix^uf, 
to have on the mind. n. with 
aoc. of the cause ; dtd ravra, 
for these reasons; Stdri, why? 
5td t6 ircvopdivauL ijfj.as xaKtos, 
because we have been ill- 
treated. 

SiapalpWf Prjaofuu, to stride ; to 
cross over. 

dta^icayai, aor. (in use) of Sia- 

diaftoXri, ijSf ^, slander (from did" 
)8oXoj, slanderer, we have devU, 
diabolical). 

Siayiy vdxTKUf yvdiffofiou, to dis- 
tinguish, determine, decide. 

hiay pa<p% ijs, ij, a register § 113. 

diaypvTp^cj, Att. w, i^joi, to lie 
awake. 

Sidyu), |w, aor. dii^yayoPf to pass; 
with or without /S/ov, to spend 
life, to live; toh2p rt, to spend 
one's life in such a pursuit 
§125. 

hiaywpl^pLOL, lovfMu, to contend. 

Siadixofiaiy kofiau, to succeed to, 
a person or office. 

diaS4<a, ri<ria, to bind around; dut- 
SiScfxai rijp K€<f>dM)p duidrffiaTi, 
1 have a diadem bound about 
my head § 116. 

diddjjfia, aroSf t6, the blue and 
white band round the Persian 
king's tiara; diadem § 116. 

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VOCABULAEY. 



263 



dio^dotfu, hiSic^Oi to pass from 
hand to hand; Xo7or, to spread 
a report. 

hialdto^ Att. (3, fat. in use &a- 
^uixrofiaiy aor. die^lut^f to pass 
through life. 

Siadi/iKri, 17s, 1^, (Staridrifu), a will, 
a testament ; also in plur. § 89. 

dia$p4<a, Att. (2, i<ru, t6 search 
for § 98. 

Biaup^uff Att. <3, rfffbtt aor. SictXor, 
to divide, break open § 80; 
to distinguish; midd., to share. 
(Hence dmeresU^ the mark to 
denote that two vowels are to 
be pronounced separately.) 

Slcura, i|s, iif (diet)i mode of life 
§20. 

diaKaOcUput apQj to cleanse tho- 
roughly, to purge. 

dicucapTepdutf Att. w, to hold out, 
to endure to the end. 

dtdKeifMi, to be in a certain state, 
to be disposed, to feeL Used 
as pass, of dtarlOfifu, 

StcucXrjpoia, Att. (3, t6(rw, to assign 
by lot ; midd. to share by lot. 

diaKov^iOf Att. (3, lyo-o;, to minis- 
ter ; ydfMVif to supply a wed- 
ding feast. 

SuiKopoSf ouy 0, (deacon, diacotiate), 
a servant. 

dicucSiTioiy ou, a, two hundred. 

duLKplrtai ukS, to separate, dis- 
tinguish, decide. 

Suuc<a\6<af (rca, to hinder. 

dtoKofipdiKaf Xi/^o/acu, to take se- 
parately, to distribute, dis- 
tinguish. 

StoXdnirca, xf/u, to shine forth; 
to be famous. 

SiaXiyoficu, (o/acu, to converse 
with, Ttpi; to discourse. 

SiaXelTU^ \f/iat to leave an inter- 
val; to cease; o^ SiaXdirca rp^- 
Xi*Vy I run without stopping ; 
dtoXiTfiii' 6\iyas iifiipas, after 
A few days' interval. 



SiaXcKTUcoSf ij, A', skilled in ar- 
gument; 6d., & reasoner. 
dtaXoy/^o/Mu, Lov/xcut to calculate, 

cast up accounts. 
didKv<ris, €Ui, ^, dissolution; plur. , 

treaty. 
dtaXi^, <rw, to release § 110 ; to 

resolve, disband; to pay in 

full ; midd. to be reconciled. 
SiafUytay y(tf, to last, endure. 
dta/Aoi^, ijst "hi permanence. 
5ta/ju/>iffPrfT4(Ot Att. («;, to dispute, 

debate. 
Stay€6<a, w, to nod. 
dioyota, as, ^, thought, purpose ; 

mind; meaning. 
SiaTTeipia, epcS, to drive through, 

to bore. 
dtaT^ro/Luti, Trr/ffo/Mi, aor. $U- 

impfy to fly across. 
atarXctrrw, <rw, to mould, shape. 
ikaxXita, Att. <3, TXevcro/uu, to 

sail across. 
dtaTop^o;, Att. a), to be at a stand; 

to be in difficulties. 
Siairopd^bf, Att. w, ij(rw, to ravage. 
diairopdfie^ta, <rw, to ferry over, 

to carry across. 
diaxpdTTcai {w, to accomplish; 

midd. to attain, manage. 
diaTp€apeii(af vuty to send em^ 

bassies to and fro, to nego- 
tiate. 
Sidxuposy ov, red-hot § 82. 
8iaTwr(^, 4w, to spirt out § 118. 
diapTd^Wt dffofjuui to plunder. 
diappibf, Att. fa), pej^ffofiaif to fall 

away, to wane, of the moon 

§101. 
diappi/fypvfUt^Tl^ciftio'burBi; pass., 

to burst m pieces; intrans. 

perf.part. dtepp<>>ytbs,ix>Tn; di- 

appayrjiKU KCKpayora, to shout 

till one bursts. 
dtcurxdrTUt ^fa», to dig through ; 

make a canal through § 145. 
iiaaTdbtt Att. w, ffUt to tear 

asunder. 



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264 



VOCABULARY. 



iidaroffiSf tws, ^, disagreement, 

separation. 
dia<r(^^i^, <rw, to keep safe ; midd. 

to escape. 
SiarapdrrUf {w, to disturb. 

dLaT€\4w, Att. <3, fat. (3, to ac- 
complish; SiareXei \iytay, he 
continues speaking. 

Ziwnipiw^ Att. tS, to observe. 

biarldviiUf di)a(a^ to arrange, 
manage; to dispose in such 
and such a way, to give 
such a disposition to, to 
bring into such a state; 
oif^kv xet/wi' Sier^drfv, I suf- 
fered no inconyenience from 
it, felt none the worse §§ 
74 n. 19, 132. iMKeifiai is 
used as pass. 

^iarfXXw, to pluck bare § 107. 

diarp^Xfiff SpcLftov/iait aor. SUSpa- 
fiov, to run through, to run 
about. 

Sutrpi^^, Tjs, 4 an occupation, a 
pastime § 128 n. 18 ; discus- 
sion § 97 ; delay. 

5tar/)£j8«, ^«, to consume ; esp. 
Xp6voVi to spend time, employ 
oneself. 

iiiarpdrytay rpdj^ofiati ZUrpofyWy to 
gnaw through. 

5ta0avX/^, c(3, to disparage. 

8ia<l>€p6vT(as, adv., eminently. 

hiaipipuy dtolffUf to go through 
with, endure ; intrans., to dif- 
fer, rtjfl Tiv6ii fi^om some one 
in some thii}g ; to excel § 102 ; 
midd. to quarrel. 

Sia4>€ijy(i)i ^fjLcUj to escape. 

diaipBclpu, €p(Sj to destroy, spoil, 
ruin; 2 perf. dU(p6opa some- 
times intrans. (§ 90 n. 11), to 
be corrupted. 

Sia^op^w, Att. Qf 'fi<rVi to scatter, 
waste. 

d«i0o^of, or, {dia<f>4p(a), different; 
eminent § U; prc^table; r6 



8., the difference; odds, ad- 
vantage. 

StouffvXdma, ^w, to guard, main- 
tain. 

Sta<puplay as, ^, discord. 

8ia\f/iywj to find fault with. 

SiScucT^Sf 1^, 6y, capable of be- 
ing taught; htSoKTdy § 61 n.l. 

^iidaaKoKetoPf ov, r6, a school. 

didacKaXla, af, i), teaching, edu- 
cation. 

diSdaxaXoty ov, ^, a teacher, mas- 
ter. 

MdffKUj (root idtj/u; cf. disco^ 
doceOy teach), to teach, rtvd 
TL ; pass., to learn. 

Slirjfiiy to bind § 129 n. 5. 

didvfios, rji OP, or 05, ov, {8/s, Ji5o), 
double, twofold, twin. 

diSufXL, Sibacay (do, to give), in 
pres. and imperf., to offer § 77 
n. 20 ; d. Tieiy, to give to drmk. 
See SlkTf, X670S. 

9i€tdi/jsy h, limpid. 

dielpyUf $01, to keep asunder. 

SieKirepalvufy opQ, to finish. 

dieXaijyu), eXcD, to ride through ; 
to thrust through. 

diepyd^fjLoi, dirofiaL,' to destroy, 
dispatch. 

dt4py(i)j see Stelpyw, 

di4prv, to creep through. 

BUpxofMi, fut. (in use) Stet/u, 
aor. dt^X^oi', to pass through ; 
to complete ; to recount. 

dietrOla, iUSofiaif aor. ^UifHiyw, 
to eat up, consume. 

dtrjyiofiat, Att. ovficu, i^iro/iai, to 
narrate, to state. 

iitffTTffUj dtaoT'j/iffojf intrans. perf. 
ZUcTfiKa, to set apart; pass, 
with 2 aor. and perf., to stand 
apart ; to differ ; to be distant. 

SUaioSf a, ov, just, right; dUatds 
clfit TovTo To«€«v, I hav6 a 
right to do this; rb SIkcuw, 
right; rk dUeata, rights, just 
claims. 



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VOCABULARY, 



265 



StfcaKxri^, ijf, ij, justice. 

dtKoXw;, a^v., justly, fairly. 

biKourrfipioVf ov, t6, a court of jus- 
tice. 

8t/ca<mJ$, oO, 6, judge, juror. 

d(/n7, ^f, 17, right, justice, a suit 
at law, punishment, satisfac- 
tion; ffinf dU'Ot deservedly; 
dlKrjv tIv€iVj to pay a penalty ; 
SIktip di56vai and ^r^eu^, to 
give satisfaction, to be pun- 
ished ; SIktiv Xafipdi'eWf to re- 
cover satisfaction ; dticrfv ^ei5- 
7eiy, to be defendant in a trial ; 
tikrjp XaTxdi'etv rivi, to accuse 
a man. diKr)v -with gen., after 
the manner of, like. 

A//C17, lyj, 17, the goddess of jus- 
tice, one of the Horai. 

AlKTTjy m, rjt a mountain sacred 
to Zeus in the E. of Ereta. 

diicTvoPf ov, t6j (dijceii^, root of ia- 
cio), a net. 

8t6, conj. = 5C 8i quapropteTf 

wherefore. 
AioyivriSj ous, 6, a Cynic philo- 
sopher of Sinope, resident at 
Athens in the time of Alex- 
ander. 
StotK^w, Att. w, i7<rw, (diocese), to 

manage, govern. 
SidXKvfit, oXw, to destroy utterly; 
pass, with 2 perf . 8i6\uj\a, to 
perish utterly. 
AiofiTiSi^i, ovSf J, I. son of Ares, 
king of the Thrakian Bisto- 
nians, who fed his mares on 
human flesh § 13 ; 11. son of 
Tydeus, one of the chief Greek 
heroes in the Trojan war 
§63. 
AiwiKTta {i. e. Up£)f rdy the fes- 
tivals of Dionysos, esp. at 
Athens, at which dramas were 
exhibited. 
AiovvffioSf 01/, o, I. tyrant of Sy- 
racuse 405—367 B.C. ; it is of 
his cruelty and suspicion that 



most of the anecdotes are 
told; it was he who composed 
tragedies. II. his son, the 
patron of Plato and Aristip- 
pos, twice expelled from the 
tyranny, 1. by Dion, 2. by Ti- 
motheos b.c. 343, when he re- 
tired to Corinth. 

AiovwroSi ovj 0, Bacchos, son of 
Zeus and Semele ; the god of 
wine. 

Aioxeri^Si 4s, fallen from Zeus, 
doT'np § 1^5. 

dtop&rru, to dig through; to 
undermine ; to burrow 
through. 

AtocTKovpoi, iavj o2, sons of Zeus 
(or of Tyndareos), Kastor and 
Polydeiies, brothers of He- 
lene. 

5t6r(, because ; (in indirect ques- 
tions) why. 

hnr\d.<Tios, a, ov, double ; twice as 
much (or, as many), with ^ or 
gen. 

^tirXoOs, ^, ovv, double; Znrkovv 
6pav § 105 n. 33. 

SiTovi, troSos, d, 1), biped, of two 
feet. 

Slirrvxos, ov, (irri^jta), doubled ; 
two § 96. 

Sis, {dijo, bis), twice. 

8i(rK€V(a, (Tw, to throw the quoit. 

dlcKos, ov, d, (disc, dish, desk. 
Germ.' Tisch ; diKeiv), a quoit. 

5«rx^(0(, at, a, two thousand. 

dirrSs, 9J, 6v, {8is), double, two- 
fold, two. 

dlxa, adv., apart, at two; prep, 
with gen., without. 

SirJ/a, 7fs, ij, thirst. 

dixpita, Att. i^, riffuj, inf. ditprjv, 
to thirst, with gen. 

Sl\f/os, ovSf TO = 5t\f/a. 

duaicr^ov, one must pursue. 

Jtc&Kw, f w, to pursue ; to prose- 
cute ; 4>€&Y(a is often used as 
pass. 

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VOCABULARY. 



ioKiu, Att. (S, Sb^» or poet, do- 
KTicuj to think; to resolye; 
hiboKTai^ it has been re- 
Bolyed; to seem, to be re- 
puted; U^ap, when it had 
been resolved. See § 98 n. 15, 
§ US n. 5. 

doKifiAliify dffiat to test, examine, 
approve. 

doKifios, OF, approved, notable. 

8ok6s, ovy ii, a beam. 

AoXajSAXas, ov, o, P. Cornelius 
Dolabella, a spendthrift, mar- 
ried Cicero's daughter Tullia. 
He was consul b.c. 44. 

SoXoif ov, 6 J (Lat. dolus), a trick; 
cunning. 

AoXmt, ti»ofy 6j a Trojan spy, 
slain by Diomedes. 

dofjLoSf ovt Of (d^/i(a, domuSf dome, 
domestic)^ a house ; a house- 
hold. 

do|a, i;f, 4, {doKiut), expectation, 
opinion, fame. 

Sopdf as, ij, (b^fxa), hide. 

Sop&Tiop, ov, d, diminutive of 
8op6, 

S6pv, aros, t6, (9/9vs), a spear. 

fiouXc/o, as, ^, slavery. 

dovXevQf, <r<a, to be a slave; to 
serve, with dat. 

SovXoSi ov, 6, a slave ; also Sov\os, 
17, OP, slavish; rb 3., slavery, 
or (collective for) slaves. 

8ov\6(a, Att. (3, (Sxrca, to enslave. 

ApaKtavy ovTos, d, of Athens, ar- 
chon B.C. 624, and legislator; 
his laws ordained for all of- 
fences one penalty, death; 
hence they were said to be 
written with blood § 83. 

SpdK(ap, ojrros, 6, {SipK0ficu)t a 
dragon, a serpent. 

Spdfia, aros, t6, {dpdu, drama, 
dramatic), an action, a play. 

SpaxM'Vi V^jVy (5/)4rroAiat, to grasp) 
properly a handful, ^ence 
drachm, dram)^ a silver coin 



=6 obol8 = y^ of a ndna, 
about a French franc 

8pd<a, Att. (a, dffta, to do, io act; 
Ttvi. KaKws § 145 n. 11. 

SpofioSi ov, d, (Spafieiu), a course; 
a race, ^running. dpS/up, at 
full speed. 

Apvdi, dSoSf 4, {Spvs), a wood 
nymph. 

ApCas, avTOi, d, son of I^knrgos, 
Who slew him with an axe 
§98. 

dpOs, v6s, 17, {d4ydpop, tree), the 
oak. 

ivvafMU, rjao/iai, aor. liSutniBitP, 
(whence dynamics), to be 
able; rd t(ra, to be of equal 
power. 

Ivvafui, €ias, ij, power, force; 
Karik Bvva/iip, to the best d 
one's power; forces =copia^; 
capacity or faculty; al rw 
daripwv Swd/ieiSt astral influ- 
ences. 

bwaarela, as, 17, (hence dynasty), 
dominion, tyranny. 

dvvaffTijs, ov, d, a ruler. 

dwards, rjf 6v, I. act. able, with 
inf. ; powerful; 11. pass, pos- 
sible. 

Zvo, gen. and dat. Zvoiv {diio)^ 
two (which is of same root). 

hvc^arosy ov, (fioLpto), inipassable. 

dvffyiveiat as, ij, low birth. 

8w<ry€»njf, ^?, low-bom. 

dvffkfjuav, ov, ill-clad. 

dvfflaros, oVt hard to cure. 

86<riSt €ws, ii, setting (of sim or 
stars). 

ZwTKoXos, ov, surly; (of things) 
annoying. 

dvfffiaxos, ov, hard to figlit with. 

ZviTfitviis, 4s, hostile; with gen. 
§142. 

dviTfieraxctpurros, ov, hard to 
manage. 

8v<rp.op<j)o$, ov, uncomely, mis- 
shapen. 



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Ov<nto\4/i7jTos, ov^ hard to war 

-with. 
jSvwpaJ^la, as, 4* ndsfortime, ad- 
versity. 
$wr<r€fiys, 4s, impious. 
dviTT^oSf oVi wretched. 
dvtrrvx^iijf Att. <2, ijiru, to be im- 

fortonate. 
dwTTvxnM^ tt^<>^ "^^y A oalakuitj. 
SviTTvxnh ^5> unfortunate. 
du<r^op4(af Att. (2, ijaw, aegre 
ferre, to bear ill; to be angry. 
dvcrxcpcuyci), avCo, to be vexed. 
bvffxepiiSy is, difficult; vexatious. 
8v<rx(apla, as, i;, difficult ground. 
dijl>d€Ka, ol, al, rd, {dv<a, diKO, duo- 

decim), twelve. 
8<aS€KaTcuos, a, ov, on the 12th 

day. 
Atadibyij, r^s, rj, a town of Molos- 

sis in Epeiros, famous for the 

temple, grove and oracle of 

Zeus. 
d(2/ia, aroSt to, (Sifica), a house. 
dipped, as, 17, (didtafxt), a free gift. 
6(ap4ofiai^ Att. ov/iai, ^aofxai, to 

give freely. 
AcS/m;, idos, 17, a slave girl's 

name § 115. 
dwpw, ov, TO, (didftffu), a gift. 

idy, conj. {el Sm, also Iju, di^), if, 
followed by IJie conjunctive ; 
idif Koi, even if ; ^ai^ iiti, un- 
less. 

iap, or ^p, ijpos, t6, {ver, vernal), 
spring. 

iavTov, ijs, oVf (o5, aMs, 8ui), of 
himself, herself, itself ; often 
used for the 1st and 2nd per- 
sons, m;^self, thyself; in plur. 
often =tt\Xi}X(i)y, one another; 
avTTJs ciyeveardTTi § 101 n. 10. 

idu, Att. (S, daw, i. to allow; 
061c i,, to prevent, forbid, n. to 
let alone, let be. 

ip^ofids, ados, 17, (hebdomadal), 
the number 7 § 47. 



e^Sofi-^KOVTa, ol, al, rd, seventy. 

iy^ovos, ov, 6, a descendant. 

iyypdipuf, \f/<a, to write, paint, or 
engrave on (or in) ; to enrol. 

iyyvdofiai, Att. (Sfiai, 'itro/xai, to 
go bail for. 

iyyih, adv.; compar. iyyvripw, 
rdroj or ^77iJroTa; also fy- 
yiov, (hyytirTa ; near, of place 
or time ; nearly, of number or 
of quality; sometimes has a 
gen. 

iyeipu), ep<3 ; to wake up, rouse, 
erect ; in pass, with perf . iypij- 
yopa &s pres., to awake. 

iyKc^ia, Att. w, fut. tS, to bring 
an accusation against a man, 
TivL Ti, also Ttvi alone, to ac- 
cuse. 

iyKa\K<inrltofiai, lovfiat, to take 
a pride m. Late word. 

iyKdKihrTca, \f/ij^ to be wrapt up ; 
midd. to hide one's face. 

iyxdma, yf/ui, to gulp in, snap 
up. 

iyxapTepiu), Att. w, i{(r«, to per- 
sist in, to endure. 

kyKaraXiyw, ^ia, to enrol, to rec- 
kon amongst. Late use. 

iyKaToKelTta, yf/uj, to leave be- 
hind. 

iyKiipoKos, ov, 6, (prop. adj. sc. 
five\6s), the brain. 

iyKoXdirrca, \f/<a, to carve upon. 

iyxoviu), (3, 9;<rw, to hasten. 

iyxpdreta, a?, 17, continence. 

iyKpariararos, superl. of iyxpa- 
rijs, is, continent. 

iyKp&iTTu, ^0), to hide in. 

iyKUfud^u), dao) or daoiiai, to 
praise. 

iyKUfuov, ov, TO, (prop. adj. so. 
^irof, encomium, Kuifjios), a eu- 
logy. 

iyxcipew, Att. <a, ^(rto, to take in 
hand, undertake. 

iyXftpiSiov, ov, ix^lp), TO, a dag- 
ger; a hand-book. 

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VOCABULARY. 



iyx^iplt^, (c3, to commit into 

one's hands, to entrust. 
fyxeXvt, vof, ij, an eel. 
^^w, Att. (S, fat. c?, aor. ^^- 

Xea, to pour into ; to fill the 

cup. 
fyx^/wof, w, or oj, a, op, of the 

country. 
hfdjf ijxovt I. 
fywye, I for my part, I. 
ibojiai, (Lat. e(2o), future olMlta. 
idtad^fit TjSf ij, (of. edible), food. 
^^Aw, (or ^^X«), id€Mj<r(a or ^e- 

XiJ<r«, to •will, desire ; ri 0i\et ; 

=quid vultt what does it 

mean? el OiXciSf if you will. 
iOli^Wy (o), to accustom. 
idiaHov, verbal adj., one must 

accustom. 
Hvoiy ous, t6, (ethnic, ethnology), 

a race ; a nation. 
I^dos, ouj, rb, custom, habit. 
6/, if; in indirect questions, 

whether; koX c/, although; 

el (i-ii, unless, except; el 8^ 

li'fl, otherwise § 119; el ydp 

with opt., would that I 
eWov, aor. oif opdu. 
cZSos, ovs, t6, (kaleidoscope), fom^, 

figure, class. 
etdutXovy ou, TO, (idoT), an image, 

a likeness. 
eUd^uj, daw, (eUbij, to compare ; 

conjecture ; make like § 100. 
eUovl^u), 1(2, (elK(I)v)f to represent. 
etKotri, (Lat. viginti, vicies), 

twenty. 
eUoffros, i}, oV, the twentieth. 
€iK<a, ^(n), to yield, rtvl ; to grant, 

Tivl Ti. 

eUdnas, (^olko), fairly, reasonably. 

elK(bv, opos, 7j, (l^oiKa), an image, 
a likeness. 

€lK(i)s, via, 6s, see ^oc«ra. 

elXla-iTcj, poet, and Ion. for iXlffO'uj. 

elfil, iffo/xai, (same word as Lat. 
sum, Engl, am), to be; to 
exist § 131 n. 7; really to be, 



Ttf Bpti, in reality; g^ri Xoyl- 
l^eadat, one may conceiye; 
i<m fioi, I have; cLvSpiStrw 
iariv dfiaprdpetv, hominis est 
err are; iarci) and etey, be it so; 
t4 6PTa, one's property; all 
that exists ; i(mv o j, ore, etc. 
=e8t qui, ubi etc. 

et/u, el, eXfft, (Lat. eo, iter), used in 
indioatiye as fut. of ipxofuu, 
and in the other moods as 
pres. of ipxo/JLai; imperf. Jo 
used as imperf. of ipxoficu; 
tdi or tdi di^, come, come 
now. 

etvat, inf.' pres. of clfd, 

etveKa, Ion. and poet, for h^exa. 

eXirov aor. (in use) of X^yta. 

elpT/jvij, 175, 17, I. peace; n. one 
of the Horai § 12 n. 2; the 
goddess of peace. 

eh, pla, y, (unus), one ; ovZk els, 
not even one; eh ris, some 
one. 

els or is, pr0p. with aoc., into; 

I. of place; towards; c/s'AtSow 
(dd/xov) , to (the abode of) Hades. 

II. of time; till, up to, for. 

III. of measure, up to, as much 
as § 113 n. 27. iv. of relation, 
dffe^eiv els, against; axdirretp 
els, at. V. of purpose, els raDra 
for these ends ; xP'J/*a'"a dya- 
\l<TKeiv els, upon, for. 

elcdyu), fw, to bring in, to in- 
troduce, to bring forward. 

et(Teifu(eXp.t) supplies fut., imperf. 
and moods of pres. to ela- 
ipxofiai. 

elffipxofiai, fut. etcreifxt, to enter; 
irpos nva, to visit; elaipxcral 
fii Ti, occurs to me, comes 
upon me. 

ela-rryiofiai, Att. ou/nai, -fyrofiai., 
to introduce, to propose. 

elaopdw, Att. w, ehb^opuu, to 
behold, look at. 

elffirrjSdojy (3, i^aia, to leap into. 

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269 



ef0-rX^a),6i;(rofcac, to sail into; to 
be imported. 

€l0'4pip<a, olffut, to bring in (or 
upon), to contribute § 119 n. 
25 ; to propose. 

cZra,(ito), then, thereupon; after 
partic, straightway; in in- 
dignant questions, then. 

cfrc . . . efre, either . . ., or ; whether 
..., or; Lat. utrum...y an; sive 
...sive, 

€t Tts, cf n, if any one. 

iKy before a vowel i^, prep, with 
gen., from out of. i. of place ; 
from ; ^Ac deltas, on the right 
hand; from amongst; of change 
of state ; Bebv ix Oyrjrod yiyve- 
cdcut of a mortal to become a 
god. n. of time; i^ o5, ex 
quoy since; ix iraiUsy of a 
child. III. of origin, material, 
cause; eXvai ix rivosy to be 
descended from some one. 

^Koarqij 17, oVy (superl. from ^/cas, 
apart, the Lat. 8ecus)y each; 
Kad* fKoa-TWy singly. 

€/care/)oj, a, ovy (compar. from 
ixdi ; see ^/rao-ros), either, each 
of two, altei'utei\ 

^Kari, adv. with gen., on account 
of. 

UoLThrfxeipy oj, 6, ^, hundred- 
handed. 

kKCLTbvy (centumy Germ, hundert), 
a hundred. 

iKpaiiftOy ^rjao/JLai ; to go out of, 
depart; to turn out, to prove. 

iic^dXKcoj Xc3, to cast out, banish, 
let fall; iKtrlicTU) is often used 
as the passive. 

h^oitay Att. (3, 'lia-ofuu, to cry 
out. 

iK^pdrruy o-w, intrans., to gush 
forth. § 124. 

^Kyovosy ovy 6, descendant. 

ixd^pUy p(3t to flay; to flog. 

iK5t5pdffK<i>t iKdpdffOfAouy to run 
away. 



iKdidiafUy ^/cdt^o'ca, to give up, sur- 
render; dvyaripa iKdoOvai or 
iK56a0(Uy to give a daughter 
in marriage § 135. 

ixeiy there. 

iKeivosy 17, 0, (poetic K€ivos)y that, 
Lat. ille; the well-known § 
110 n. 1^ ; dir* ixelvovy from 
that time forth. 

ixeiae, thither. 

iKKaSalpciy apcD, to clear; rii'os, 
of something. 

iKKoXvimay yf/Uy to unveil ; midd., 
to uncover one's face. 

iKKXijfflay as, ify {iKKaXiuty eccle- 
siasticy iglise), a public as- 
sembly. 

iKK\r}aidt(ay dcbti to hold an as- 
sembly. 

iKK\Lv(ay ufQy to turn away; to 
shun. 

^KXa/A^w, yl/(ay to shine forth. 

iKkelwoiy yj/ta, to forsake, desert; 
intr., to die, to cease. 

iKfi€Tp4<i)i Att. <3y Jiffdiy to mea- 
sure out. 

kKoiffLOSy a, OVy or OS, OVy {iK<I)V}y 

willing, voluntary. 

iKovffimy adv., of free will. 

iKirifivwy yftay to send out. 

iKvepaUfWy aviS, to complete, 
fulfil. 

imrivoiy t/o/aou, to quaff. 

iKTriiTTUty ir€<roC/«n, to fall out, 
to be cast down from; used 
as pass, of ^/cjSaXXo;, to be ban- 
ished. 

iKirX^Qiy fut, tKTrXevaopiai, to sail 
out. 

iKTrXrjpocjy Attt Uy uauty to make 
up (a number), 

^/CTrXijrrw, ^w, to strike out ; to 
amaze; gen. in aor. pass. ^^- 
eirXdyrjyy to be amazed. 

iKTToviuy Att. w, i}<rw, to execute 
(of a work of art) § 107. 

iKxperr^ffraToSy 17, op § 19, superL 
oi4Kirp€iriiSf isy conspicuous* 



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VOCABULARY, 



ixplTTw, ^w, to cast out. 

ixifii^Ut <rw, to keep safe. 

iKTlwcj, rlffUi to pay in lull; 
midd., to arenge. 

iicr6Sf adv., without ; prep, with 
gen., out of, heyond, except. 

$KT0Sj 17, or, sixth. 

iKrp4<f>(a, 0p4\J/(af to bring up, to 
rear. 

iKTv<p\6ut Att. <3, (ocrca, to blind. 

'EKT(ap, opos, rf, (to hector) J son 
of Priamos and Hekabe, the 
foremost Trojan wairior, slain 
by Achilles. 

iK<f>ip<i)i i^oiffutt to carry out; to 
bring forth ; to display. 

iK<f>€vy<i)i ^ofiaif to escape, to be 
acquitted. 

ii^iuf fut. x^w, aor. i^ix^a, to 
pour out, shed, waste. 

ixup, ovca, 6Pf willing. 

iXda, as, 17, {olea)^ the olive- 
tree ; an olive. 

iKaiop, ov, t6, {oleum f oil), olive- 
oil. 

iXaTrSuf Att. <?, (iffca^ to lessen ; 
pass., to be lessened, to be 
worsted. 

iXoTTutp, oVf (from epic AaxjJf, 
Lat. Uvis, light; cf. under 
iKej^Bepos), less. See iXdxi- 
a-Tos. 

iKwLfv<a, i\u), to drive, to march, 
to carry off, to expel, to ha- 
rass; to strike, to forge; to 
run (a wall or trench). 

^\a0i7/96\os, ov, hunting deer, 
a deer-stalker ; epithet of Ar- 
temis. 

fXa^St ov, 6 or more usually 17, 
a deer ; hart or hind. 

i\AX''<^'^<*h Vt 0^9 (s©® i\&rTu>y), 
least, shortest. 

(Xeyxps, ov, 0, proof, confutation, 
trial. 

i\iyX<^t 7|w, to refute, convict, 
accuse, examine. 

ikeiia, Att. w, i^<r«, to pity. 



'EX^, ifs, 4$ daughter of Zeus 
and Leda, wife of Menelaoe; 
her flight with Paris was ^e 
occasion of the Trojan war. 

"EXevos, ov, 6, son of Priamos 
and Hekabe, a warrior and 
seer, who went over to the 
Greeks § 149. 

iXeos, ov, 6^ pity. "EXcor, per- 
sonified as a god, had an al- 
tar in the market-place at 
Athens, a sanctuary for sup- 
pliants § 110. 

i\evd€pla, as, ij, freedom. 

i\€v$€ploSt o¥, or OS, a, ov, gene* 
rous, liberal. 

iXe^depoi, a, ov^ (Lat. liber ; cL 
under iXamav), free. 

iXevSipout, Att. <3, (ocu, to set 
free, to release from. 

iX^ipai, avTos, 0, the elephant. 

iXlrrut ^w, to turn round, to 
roll, to wind, to twist. 

iXKos, flvs, t6, a wound. 

IX/coy, ^(a, aor. clXxvaa, (cf. Lat. 
sulcus), to drag, to draw, to 
weigh. 

*EXXaj, dSos, 17, Greece. 

"EXX^, 17s, 1^, daughter of Atha- 
mas and sister of Phrixos, 
who gave name to the Helles- 
pont § 167. 

''EXX171', VIVOS, 0, son of Deuka- 
lion, mythical ancestor of the 
Greeks. 

''EXX171', tp'os, 6, a Greek; also 
adj. § 137 n. 23. 

*EXXi7P(ic^, 'j/j, ov, Greek. 

'B\Xi7i'f$, l$os, ^, Grecian § 46. 

*EXX^<nroKros, oy, 6, the Helles- 
pont § 157 ; the Dardanc^es. 

^XXtTi^s, ^$, defective. 

iXXoxdw, Att. Q, -fyfw, to lie in 
wait for. 

iXvltu, iQ, to hope. 

iXvls, iSos, ^, (Lat. voluptas), 
hope; Tap* iXTrlda, contraiy 
to expectation. 



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271 



i/MLVTw/t ^s, of myself; {^ 'ijiiMv 
ain-QVf etc. 

ifx^dWu, /SaXwy to throw in, 
into, against; ^fiop rofl, to 
bring fear upon a man, to in- 
spire him with fear ; intr., to 
fall upon, break into. 

ififieXwSf adv., fitly, gracefully. 

ififUifta, r&, to abide in, be true 
to. 

AfUs, ij, 6v, my. 

ifiirouScvWf <T(a, to bring up in. 

ifiT€ipla, as, ^, experience. 

ifjLirlfXTXrj/Uf irX'^ffWy to fill; midd., 
to take one*s fill, ra^ds, 

ifiirlfAirprffiiy to set on fire. 

i/iirLTTWj rco'oD/Aac, to fall upon, 
to light upon, to attack. 

ifiTPovs, oWf {irviujjy breathing, 
liTing. 

i/iTopej^ftcu, ffofiaiy to trayel to ; 
to traffic. 

ifiiropioy as, ^, commerce. 

ifAT6pioi'f ov, r6, (emporium) y a 
factory; at Athens, the ex- 
change. 

iftTpooBcvy adv. and prep, with 
gen., before, of place or time. 

ifiTTJ^u, (TWf to spit upon. 

jifupoLwiaf ^Mtfta, to display. 

i/u/Mr/is, is, manifest, open. 

ifxlf>pdTT(at ^, to blo<^ up, stop. 

ifuf>^, <r<a, to implant; pass, 
with 2 aor. ipi<pw and perf. 
ifiwiipvKa, to grow in, to be 
inbred, to cling to. 
^, (Lat. and Engl, in), prep, 
with dat. I. of place ; in, on, 
amongst, iv "AtSov (54^)} i^^ 
(the abode) of Hades, n. of 
a state ; iv i^uifiart, in repute, 
m. of the instrument or 
means ; ip ^^^oX/cms 6paf, to 
see with the eyes. it. of time; 
iw To&Ttfi^ meanwhile. 
ipcatrlof, a, or, opposite, oon- 
traiy ; roivairrlw, on the con- 
trary. 



iuap6<a, Att. w, dew, to implant. 
A word of no authority. 

iya^uf, aw, to kindle. 

ivbeijs, 4s J lacking, tip6s ; defici- 
ent, inferior. 

ivifUvvfu, ^<a, to point out, to 
inform against ; midd., to dis- 
play. 

fvdtKa, (A«m2ecasyUabic),eleTen. 

hhiKaros, vi, ov, the eleventh. 

^5^ojuai, j^ofjiai, to accept, to 
allow; ^rd<fx^A<} impers., it 
is possible. 

ivdlSwfUj ttbcu, to surrender, af- 
ford, allow; intrans., to yield. 

ivhw, adv., within, in doors, 
sometimes with gen. 

Mo^oi, w, famous. 

'Iiv6vfd<a», (avos, d, a youth of 
great beauty, endowed by Se- 
lene with perpetual youth and 
perpetual sleep. She de- 
scended to him nightly in his 
resting-place, a grotto in Mt. 
Latmos in Earia. 

ivdvuj (Tcj, (indtio), to put on; 
midd. with 2 aor. iy^Svy and 
perf. ivd4dvKa, to put on one- 
self ; to enter. 

htifu, iffofiai, to be in; Ireirrc 
or iyt, it is possible. 

&eira, prep, with gen., often after 
its case; on account of, for 
the sake of, as for. 

iw€pfydl^ofjMi,<roiMi,io produce in ; 
^§ow Tcr/, to strike terror into. 

Ma, adv., where; when; there. 

iyddS€, adv., here. 

ivBaXdcffios, op, by the sea. 

Mtp, adv., thence; whence. 

(w6ep^€, adv., hence; thereafter. 

hBeos, or, inspired. 

lrts=lretfT(. See hetfu, 

iwuLwbs, oO, 6, a year; icar' ivi- 
avrdp, yearly. 

huK, ai, a, {ipi at, there are who), 
some. 

hlort, {ipi 6Tt), sometimes. 

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MmffUp iPoHjffw, to put in; 
midcL with 2 aor. and perf., 
to threaten, to anse, to resist. 
ivwTilA, present. 

hwia, nine. 

4wi^o4vt -^tt. (S, 'fj^w, to consider, 
to perceive, to mean, intend. 

iwoiK^dj^ Att. (3, i^w, to inhabit. 

ivoiKo5ofU<i)i Att. ijf -fyrta, to build 
upon. 

ipoiKos, or, inhabiting. 

i¥OT\oSf oPf armed. 

ivox^idfi Att. (2, i^w, to disturb, 
annoy. 

fpoxos, or, liable, with dat. ; or 
with gen. of the crime {diico or 
ypa<l>^ understood). 

imavda^ adv., here; then ; now; 
heicein. 

iyTebfcjt reviS, to tighten, to 
strain; to exert oneself; wXrj- 
y^v i, Twl, to deal a blow at 
one. 

^j/reXiJs, is, full, perfect, 

irriWofiait to command, with 
dat. 

hrrcvdw and ivrevdevl § 145, 
hence, thence; thereupon. 

ivTidTjfiif ivOiiffio, to put in. 

im-ifAos, oVf honoured, prized. 

ivTtpdffffujf ^w, to throw at, to 
shake oyer. 

iin-ds, adv. and prep, with gen., 
within, on this side, under, of 
place, time, and number. 

ivTvyxdvu), rei/^o/xac, with dat., 
to meet wi^^ to converse 
with. 

iv&irvtoy, ov, t6, a dream. 

^^, prep. , see iK. i^ Apttrrepuiyf 
from the left § 134. 

Jf^, ol, alyTdt (sex, ^xagon), six. 

i^dyu, ^«, to lead out; eavrbv 
Tov plov § 107, to commit sui- 
cide ; to export, produce, ex- 
cite. 

i^(up4Wi Att. c3, T/fffu^ to take out, 
select^ make away witlu 



i^curiUf Att. i3, i^or, to demand; 
midd., to b^ off. 

i^dxis, six times, Ijat. sesies. 

iioKcU^, }p<a, to efface, destroy. 

iiafiaprdyUf ^o/utaif to fail, to 
sin. 

i^oplarrifUf atfarr-ffo-taf to raise 
up, to expel; midd. with perf. 
and 2 aor., to rise up from, to 
depart from. 

i^ajfrXita, Att. ol, 77<rar, to pump 
out; to endure to the end. 

^^ararow, Att. «, iiaca, to de- 
ceive, 

i^airiprtti (A^r<i^)t adv., on a sud- 
den. 

i^apfciw, Att. Uf 'ii<r<a, to suffice 
for, to be satisfied with. 

i^axf/is, e<as, ij, (&xT<a), a kind- 
ling § 13. 

i^eifii, (eZ/u), used in ind. as fut , 
and in ihe other moods as 
pres., of i^ipxafjuic; i^ya is 
used as imperf. § 92 n, 11, 

(^eifUy {el/d)y see ^^c<rrt. 

i^eXawut fut. eXc5, to drive out, 
to banish § 90 n. 9. 

i^eXiyxdf, idfi to examine, to 
convict 

i^ikKojt ^w, i^elXKVffa, to draw 
out. 

i^€7r(Up(i>i ap<2, to arouse. 

i^eirXdyrjVf aor. pass, of iicvXi^- 
red, to be amazed at. 

i^ipxofiaiy to go forth, to march 
out, to come out, to come to 
an end ; see ^^et/Ac. 

?^€<rri, eorat, it is allowed, =Lat 
licet, 

^^erdfw, dffw, to examine, test, 
inquire. 

i^€vpl<rK(af to find out, to win. 

i^'fjKovTo, ol, ^l, rd, {sexagintdji 
teixty. 

i^TjfiepSw, Att. (0, (bffuf, to tame, 
to reclaim. 

^^vs, (*X«)> adv-> 131 a row; 
next. 



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273 



l^ctf^, Att. cD, 460-01, to make 
eqiial, 

iilcnifu, to driye out of; midd., 
with perf. and 2 aor. act., to 
retire from, to abandon; 4k' 
^T^vcu. ^p€vwVf to be dis- 
tracted. 

i^lriu\ost or, {i^t^at), fading, ex- 
tinct 

i^qdos, ovy iit a going out, a way 
but, an issue. 

iiofioiita^ Att. w^ (i>c<at to make 
.like. 

i^oTrrdut Att. ci;, i/iffu, to bake 
thoroughly § 111 n. 46. 

4^opK6<a, Att. fa), tiffWt to admi- 
nister an oath to a man, to 
swear him. 

i^ovffla^ as, if, (^£e<rrt), authority, 
power. 

i^vifxUrbf, opu, to finish wearing. 

i^cj, adv., without, outside, on 
the surface § 143; as prep, 
with gen., dear of, beyond. 

ioucOf as, e, perf. from root ef- 
Kw, to be like; with dat., to 
seem likely; with inf., louce, 
it seems. eUos (^ort), it is 
right, probable. 

iofiri, ijs, 4, a feast, 

4x\ see iwL 

iwayyiXKofiaiy to profess, 

iwdyuf, |w^ to bring in, set on, 
invite, apply, bring against, 
add. 

iwawibiy Att, c^, iata, to approTe, 
praise, agree. 

larcuros, ov, ^ praise. 

iiralfxaf apw, to raise» exdte, 
elate, 

'ETa/Kip<bp^Sf oVf d, a Theban 
statesman and general, bom 
cir. 418 B.C.; defeated the 
Spartans at Leuktra b.o. 371, 
and at Mantineia B.o. 862, 
where he lost his life, 

irav4pxofiatf fut. ^dreifu, to re- 
(on^i to go up. 



irafltiiUy ajrffitOy to relax, slaeken. 
ivoMopBbvt Att. Qf iicuf, to cor- 
rect 
iwarrXiUf Att. (d, i^w, to pump 

on ; xiyovs rtpl, to drown one 

with a flood of words. 
iwapKita, Att Q, iaw, to help, to 

supply, Tdfl; iirapKH^ it is 

enou^ 
hraffKiWi Att. cu, i^w, to prac* 

tise. 
ira^fffu, ^^u, to discharge at, 

to set on. 
iTeycipia, tpQ, to wake, to stir 

up. 
iw€ly oonj., when, since, else. 
ivcLyw, |(tf, to urge on ; pass., to 

hasten; H-eiyt, make haste 

§ 111 n. 50. 
ir€iS<bf, conj. with conjunctiye, 

(iirti9^ dif), whenever. 
iT€tSi/if oonj., since, now that, 

because. 
H-eifUy iffofuu, to be upon, to be 

over. 
irtifu {(Tfu), see iiripxoiMt, 
ireirow, used as aor. of ^cX^. 
Ireira, adv., th^ thereupon, 

next, still, 
^rcXaiVv, XcD, to lead against, 

to march against, to charge. 
ire^ipxo/uu, i^eifu, to proceed 

agamst, to go over, to cany 

out, to discuss. 
iripxotiaif fut. irttfUt to ap- 
proach, attack, come over, oc* 

cur to, traverse; part, iruii^, 

succeeding, future. 
hrtpwrdWf Att. d, i^w, to ques-> 

tion, to inquire, 
ir^w, ^^£(tf, to hold out, oc- 
cupy, attfkck, hinder; intrans., 

to pause, to cease from, riy6f ; 

to prevail. 
imiped^, to insult, abuse, 
M, prep., upon, i, with gen.* 

1. of place, on, over, in, by; 

M Tijs oixlas, at home $ 144 ; 

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rOCABULART. 



towards ; rXeSW M ZoXcMurof, 
to 8«il towards Salamis ; put- 
vwp M rtyof, to remain en- 
gaged upon something; xpl^ 
Mtr, \4yeu^ iwl rw9i^ to judge, 
speak, on a subjeoi § 111 n. 
18 ; 2. denoting the occasion ; 

• lifoiuL ix^w iwL rirof , to be 
called after some one; 8. of 
time, 4ir' ifMd, in my time; 
M yiifMSy in old age; iwl 
fuit il/iipatt on one and the 
same day. ii. with dat. 1. 
of place, npon, over, by, after, 
against; iirl Tip/xaTi toO jSiov, 
at the close of life; 4vl rod" 
TMf, in addition to this; 2. 
of uie occasion, oonditum, or 
purpose; M kcuc^ rufot, for 
some one's .hurt; M fAiaStf, 
lor hire ; xaip^uf M run, to re- 
joiee at something; ixl ro(h 
rocf, on these terms; 8. of 
time, after, ni. with ace. 
1. of place; towards, to, np 
to, ag^dnst; M toXi$, to a 
great degree, mostly ; ixl rdZe, 
to this side; wa^alveiy i^* 
trroy, to mount a horse; 2. 
of time; for, daring; in' i\l- 
7«r, for a short time; 8. of 
the purpose; iirl §ow Uvai, 
to go after (=to bring) an ox; 
of relation; r6 ir* ifiit as re- 
gards me. 

irtpalpta, jSi^o/Mu, to step upon, 
to mount, to attack, to go to, 
to advance. 

iripdWofy Xii, to send upon, to 
lay upon, to dart § 99; in- 
trans., to fall to the share of 
$ 113 n. 28; midd., to desire, 
to undertake* 

iwipovKeiiu, ffu}f to plot against. 

^iri/3ouXiJ, ^ ^ a plot. 

itipcvKost w, treacherous. 

imVfcXdtaf JLtt. w, fat. dwofuu, to 
laUj^at. 



iniytypafjuut yw/j^o/uUf io ooilM ' 
after, to ensue, to fall «pon, 
to come to pass. 

iwiypiApta, yjm, {epiffrBpk% to in- 
scribe, to register. 

iri^lkrvfUj ^ta, to display, siMW 
off, prove. 

iTiSeucricp, one must display. 

iwidrifiiwt w, i/j<rwf to be at home; 
to sojourn, reside in a strange 
place. 

iriSrffjda, as, ^ a Staying at 
home, residence in a plaoe 
§26. 

ivididuffUy iTt9<&€ru, to give 
freely, to ^ifircie; intrans., to 
advance. 

iwidxeutt af^ ^i fairness, mild- 
ness. 

In-wKTiSy is, (hiKa), fair, tolera- 
ble, fit. 

intrrriwt Att. w, iljffia, to seek 
i^er, miss. 

iriBvfUWf Att. (3, i^w, to desiret 

irtOvfiilHis, 00, i, a votairy, pas- 
sionate friend § 118. 

iwiBv/da, as, ^, desire. 

iTucaXiuf, Att. w, fut. (?, to call 
on, to invoke^ to call in; to 
caU by surname;* to bring an 
accusation against. 

iwUeifML, ffojAai, to be placed on, 
to lie on, to be imposed, to 
press hard, ra/l; iviKelfiepos 
rt, wearing. Used as pass. €4 
iirirlBrifu, 

iwiKlviwos, Wf in danger, dan- 

' geroms* 

iiriKovpio), Att. cu, 'fjata, to suc- 
cour, to remedy, rtrf. 

iwlicovpos, w, aiding ; also subet., 
a protector; plur., xneroena<> 
ries. 

'Br^irovpot, ov, h, {epicwre)^ an 
Athenian philosopher, bom 
at 8amo6 b.o. 842^ died b.c. • 
270. Like Axistippos^ -he 

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275 



•taught that pleasure is the 
highest good; but he made 
pleasure oonsist in calmness 
of spirit and freedom from 
pain of spirit. His physical 
system, which is set forth by 
Lucretius, was borrowed from 
the atomistic philosophy of 
Demokritos § 135. 

iviXafiBdptfy Xi^fo^uu, to take 
besides, to seize, overtake, 
reach; midd., to lay hold of, 
to obtain, rtwis; to interrupt, 
take up. , 

iTTiXayBdMo/iaUy Xi^o^ioi, to for- 
get, Tw6s» 

iwOUyc^ ivepu, kv^tTw^ to say 
in addition, to say the while. 

CTtX^w, {c^ to select. 

kwifUXcMy as, ^, pains, attention, 
superintendence; rufbt, to or 
oyer a thing. 

ixiitMtKiofMUf Att. oO/iac, t^^'o/AOc, 
to care for, to manage, ro^t. 

eri^eXi^f , ^f, carefuL 

tvifjAKtirioVi verb, adj., one must 
take care. 

eTi/ieXi7ri^, oO, d, a trustee, di- 
rector. 

eircf(cX(Sf, adv., carefully. 

iirifUfKpofuUf ^o/uu, to blame. 

'l^wLfiriffeist ^w», ^, brother of 
Prometheus, husband of Pan- 
dora, father of Pyrrha. 

irtMoiv, w, ijffu, to devise, pur- 
pose, perceive. 

eirtopKiu, Att «S), i^w, to perjure 
oneself. 

iwlirap, Cts i, or rb c., generally, 
commonly. 

iwiTd/ira, f<a, to send upon, to 
send besides. 

kirivUnay irLofiai, to drink after 
eating § 150. 

iTtrlirrtif, to fall upon. 

iiriir}J<at€CffOfxai,io sail against. 

irtirXi/rrrta, ^w, to rebuke, ru^L 

^TtToX^s, adv., on the surface. 



iriTbrmt with labour, hardly; 
compar. vikrepov § 118. 

iwippoih ^,^ influx. iccuc<2f K 
flooa of tioubles. 

hrlppvTos, or, overflowed. 

^(/¥»(6i'yv/uc, to encourage ; past., 
to pluck up heart § 159. 

hrla-fffios, or, notable, famous. 

ixiffKidj^ta, d<n9, to overshadow. 

iriaK0w4i*f Att. w, CKi^lfOfAoty to 
iuspect, to consider, to visit. 

MffrafMLi, i^o/uu, to know; roi- 
€iw Tif how to do a thing ; wot- 
(Dr rt, that one is doing a thing 
§ 102 n. 22. 

irurraria, Att. (5, Veu^ to be set 
over, to have charge of, rty6t 
§ 107. 

iwiffrifijirh nh ^ knowledge, sci- 
ence. 

ivumlifiMify «r, skilled in, rir^; 
wise. 

^iTMToX^, ^, % {epistle, episto- 
lary), an injunction § 141 ; a 
letter. 

hrurrp4if><*y i^u, to turn round, to 
turn towards ; midd.,to go to 
and fro;, to regard, ru^i. 

iwiff^y to drag on. 

hrifffpdl^, ^<a, to slaughter iqpon, 
to slaughter besides. 

im<r</>aX^s, is, unsteady, danger- 
ous. 

iriTdTra, |w, to enjoin, tipI ; to 
post next ; to post behind. 

hrirdtpios, .or, (epitaph), at a 
tomb; 6 L {dyiiip\ funeral 
games § 144 n. 22. 

hrirtKha, Att. Q, fut. w, to folfll; 
to pay in full. 

^tri/detof, a, or, fit, serviceable; 
rh. i,, necessaries ; oi i., one's 
intimates, necessarii, 

ivirtfiis, adv., on purpose. . 

^tri^detvtta, mros, rb^ a pursmt, 
custom. 

hrvnfi€T6v, <rta, to practise. 

iwiTl07jfAt, $iiff<a^ to put on, to ifli- 



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276 



VOCABULARr. 



pose; midd., to apply oneself 
to. 

UnTcftduit Att. (3, ifo-w, to cen- 
sure, rtW; to raise the price 
of § 114. 

irtrpivu, ^w, to entrust, allow 
§ 67 i refer to, nW. 

iwtr\rvx<bf<a, rei^ofUUi to fall in 
with; 6 ^TtTwx<^» any chance 
comer; to gain one's endtny^f. 

hrtipayi^Sf 4i, snperL iararoty fa- 
mous, distinguished. 

hri<t»ipia, hrol^ctf to bring upon, 
to impute. 

irt^iyyofMi, to say upon, to 
say fmrther. 

iirl^dopotj w, iuTidious; euTious. 

iviXtlpuf, to rejoice at, nwL 

'Ewlxcipfioi, ov, ^ of Eos, settled 
early in Sicily, where he lived 
nnder Hiero I. and died b.o. 
452 or 448 at the age of 90 or 
97 years ; the principal master 
of Dorian comedy. 

irtx^ipiia, Att. (3, i^ffUf to take in 
hand, put one's hand to; to 
attack, TOfl. 

irix^cj, fut. xc«, to pour over. 

hrofJMt, fxj/ofiat, (8eqtu>r)y to fol- 
low, obey, Tu^L 

(roSf ow, t6, a word § 101; a say- 
ing; an epic verse § 151. 

irrdf oi, oi, rd, {septem, heptar- 
chy)i seven. 

iirTaKoffLo<rr6if 17, 6r, seven hun- 
dredth. 

inpSii^ ijSf ii, (f[8(«;), a spell. 

iwonrdoij (3, to inspect. 

ipdi^ost ov, 6, a pic-nic; a sub* 
scription § 119 n. 25. 

ipcunrist o0, a lover, Ttv6f, 

ipdat, Att. (3, to love. 

ipyd^^ofULi, dffoficu., to work, to 
make, to do, to earn, to trade. 

'^pydvriy 17s, ^, (ipyov), worker; 
epithet of Athene as patroness 
of skilled labour, esp. of weav- 
ing. 



ipyatrla, as, 4) work, bn^ess 

gam. 
ipydnfSf w, 6, a workman ; a 

doer. 
'Epyipof, ov, 6, son of Elymenos, 

and king . of the Mmyai in 

Orchomenos, slain by Hera- 

kles § 20. 
ipyw, ov, t6, (Germ. Werk), a 

work; fpya esp. of field-la- 
bours ; a deed, action, reality; 

a-^ fpyov iffrl, it is your work; 

(pyop iffri with inl, it i$ 

hard. 
ipydfSTfi, a, trouUesome. 
*£perp(6i^, ^wf, 6, an Eretrian, 

inhabitant of Eretria, a town 

in the W. of Euboia. 
^EperpiKSs, % ^i Eretrian. 
iphra, to row. 
iffnfdoj af, % a desert 
iprjfjMit 17, ov, (hermit, eremite), 

desolate, desert; destitute of, 

TWOS. 

ipltbt^ (rixor), to strive with, to 
rival, Ttid. 

ipivov, OV, t6, a wild fig S 139 ad 
fin, 

'BptviJj, vos, ^, an avenging deity, 
like the Lat. Furia ; later au- 
thors make three, Tisiphone, 
Megaira, Alekto. 

ipis, (5of, ^, strife. 

ipi(/>os, ov, 6 and ^, a Md. 

'Eptx^owos, ov, 6, Idng of Athens, 
introduced the worship of 
Athene there § 140. 

ipfirprevs, ^ws, 6, (Ep/i^s, herme- 
neutics), an interpreter. 

'Bpfiijs, oVi 6, (hermetically), son 
of Zeus and Maia, the herald 
of the gods, the god of gymna- 
stic exercises, of eloquence, of 
trade and of roads, of gain, the 
leader of the shades to the 
lower world. 

*EpfAoy4vrjs, ovt, 6, a rhetorician 
§ 25 n. 26. 

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277 



'EpfiuPt woti 6, a character in 
a comedy § 143. 

l/nrw, aor. et/wriHro, {serpo, repo), 
to creep. 

^EpvOetat as, if, an island near 
Gadeira (Cadiz). 

ipvBpaipofuu, to blush. 

ipvBpukiay Att. cS, to colour np. 

4pv0p6st i% ^, (riiber, rufus), red; 
4 i, edKariM, theBedsea, p. 166, 

'EpvfAoifBioft Oj otf, of Eiyman- 
thoSf a mountain of Arkadia, 
on the borders of Achaia and 
Elis, famous for the boar taken 
by Herakles, and for the bear, 
which had been Eallisto, and 
became the eonstiellation. 

ipXo/MUf (tfUf aor. fjXdw, perf. 
iXi^XvOOf to come, to go. See 
etfu. 

ipQf used as fut. of \4y<a, ^ 

ipant wrost 6, lore. 

ipwdia., rjaia, aor. in common 
use iip6firpf, to ask, riMd ru 

iaOiis, TJTotf 1^, {hrvfUf vestU), at- 
tire. 

iffOUat id9fuuy id^SoKa, aor. iipa- 
Toy, to eat. 

iffOXSsf 4t oif, good. 

iax^pa, ast 4i (vesper), evening; 
th« west. 

*Ear€pld€s, taw, oX, sisters who 
owtied a garden in Libya witii 
golden apples, guarded by a 
dragon. Herakles slew the 
dragon and carried off the 

■ apples. 

•^0're, eonj., tmtil, whilst. 

'Ba-Wo, af, ^, {Vesta, Vestal), a 
-virgin goddess of the altar* 
fire, of the hearth (i<nia) and 
home. 

4ffTid<a, Att. (S, d<r<0, (iarla^ to 
receive at one> hearth, to 
feast. isTiop ydfiLovt, to give a 
marriage feast; pass., to be 
leasted. 



^<rxarof, tf, ov, (suplBrl. from H), 

extreme, last, worst. 
Ia!w, more commonly ttffta, adv. 

with gen., within, on this side. 
h-aipiKOii i), 6¥, proper to com- 
rades, social § 48. 
ircupot, ot^ 0, a comrade. 
'EreoKX^f , 4ous, 6, son of Oidipus 

and lokaste, brother of Poly- 

neikes § 122. 
irepos, a, ov, {aiter, other), the 

other, one of two; second; 

different 
(rt, adv., {et, etiam)^ still, yet, 

further ; of time or degree. 
h-oipji^o), d<r<a, to prepare. 
Iroc/ios, (or in older writers ^of- 

/lot), iy, w, or Of, w, ready, pre- 
pared. 
iros, ovf, TO, a year; ifar' frof, 

yearly. 
eS, adv., well; eS ^ec, it is well; 

ed irpdTT€w, to fare well. 
E0ay6pas, ov, o, king of Salamis 

in Kypros b.o. 410 — 874, an 

ally of Athens, praised in the 

9ih oration of l8okrates,whloh 

bears his name. 
wiKUfiploy as, ih I. abundance of 

men; ii. manliness. 
cv/SovXos, or, prudent. 
€iyiif€ta, as, i^, high birth, no- 
bility, 
e^eri^s, ^s, high-bom, generous; 

superl. ^ifyevirrcwoi, 
€^<ufiow4taf Att. &, i/jffWf to be 

happy. 
eidcAfiofla, as, ^ prosperity, 

happiness. 
EifSaifiwidas, ov, 6, a Spartan 

§ 124 
dtUufJMvLla, iQ, to count happy, 

to felicitate, rtvd rivos. Cf. 

IMKapL^ta, 
€iioKijAi<a, Att. Q, iiffta^ to be in 

good repute, to be famous, 
c^xi/tos, w, famous, in good 

repute. 

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VOCABULARY. 



9B8tt '6^u, to sleep, to be stilL 

In prose mostly kuB-» 
tCtXris, t, gen. t5ot, hopeful, in 

good heart, 
e^io, Of, ^, good habit of body, 

robust health. 
t^epyeala, at, ^, a kindness, 

service, good office. 
e^pytriUf Att. Q^ i^w, do good 

to, TLPd Tt § 118. 

ed«p7^f, ov, 6, a benefactor. 

9Upy€rrrr4wt verbal adj., one 
must do gbod to. 

€6epy4Tu, tdot, 4, a benefactress. 

t^ttupos, or, mimixed, neat, of 
wine. Lat. menu, 

tHjOip, ts, guileless, good- 
natured ; simple, weak § 113. 

edOaX-fis, ii, blooming. 

e^ap<rws, adv., stoutly, courage- 
ously. 

tvBiun, adv., straightway. 

€v^(^,ady., (neut. of evBOs)^ straight 
towards, with gen. 

KvO^rffioSf oVf 6, proper name of 
a man § 123. 

€v$v¥(a,vi3M direct; keep straight, 
censure. 

wOii, eta, d, straight, direct; 
straightforward. A pun on 
these two meanings § 159. ^ 
eOBtta {6d6s)t the straight road ; 
or {ypafAfiij), a straight line. 

9i0ht adv., at once, directly; 
evBin air* dpx^i, from the very 
first. 

^Mi^pw, oifost 6, an Athenian 

soothsayer, an interlocutor in 

the dialogue of Plato which 

bears his name. 

9ltKaipoSf w^ seasonable. 

t^KaT^pycurrotf w, easy to work, 

easy to accomplish. 
edkXeis, 4s^ famous. 
'ftficXeta, as, if, glory. 
'EtvKXei^fls, ov, 6, the mathema- 
tician, bom 308 B c. at Gela 
in Sicily, tauj^t under Ptole- 



maios Lag! at Alexandria 

§ 188. 
fMcrof, 4 ^> to be wished for; 

rd evKtd, objects of desire. 
cvXd^flto, «f, 1^ caution; i^ety* 
evMj, rjs, 4 ft worm, a maggot* 
evXoyita, Att. a), i^w, to praisa 
edXoyof, OP, sensible, fair. 
€VfMfy^, ^, 0«^ obsolete six^^ 

€vx€piit) easy; ip €VfM(>d iari, 

it is easy, with inf. 
. evKi jw, dffuf, to lay to sleep ; also 

metaph. of deiUh*8 sleep, 
cuni, ^, ^, a bed. 
€woi(a, Att. (^ ija^ to wish well, 

rod. 
eft'oia, Of, 4i good-wilL 
twotKuSf adv., favorably; eOr. 

ix^tp, to be friendly disposed 

§ S'dadjm. 
€vvofda, as, r*, i. order, n. Su< 

vofdat daughter ol Themis 

% 12. 
wHvo/AoSf OP, well-ordered. 
tvwovs, ow, friendly. 
evTctOi^s, is, obedient. 
EvxoXcs, tSos, 6, a poet of the 

old Attic comedy, younger 

than Kratinos, olcler than 

Aristophanes. 
€^opi», Att. w, V*i, to thrive, 

to have plenty o^ ru^s; to 

furnish, n. 
tihropos, o¥, easy; ready; rich 

in, rci^f. 
evTpayla, af,ij^ and ciV^o^o, af , 

ij, weal, welfare. 
€vrp€T4(rr€po¥, more speeioitriy; 

comp|ar. adv. from €vrp€wi^ 

it, fair, seemly, specious. 
evp€<ris, eon, i), invention. 
ci)/>eri^, oD, ^, a discoverer. 
evperos, ij, di», to be discovered. 
fCprifia, arot, r^, a windfall, a 

discovery. 
£vpcr£$i7f, ov, 0, the Athenian 

tragedian, bom b.o. 460, on 

the day of the battle of ^- 



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70GABULARY. 



579 



" lamia, died b. a 405; a pupil 
of Aniaxagoras and Pnx^os, 
and friend of Sokrates; he 
spent his last jears at the 
eonrt of Azohelaos. His cha- 
racters have sunk from the 
heroic ideal to the ordinary 
level of mankind; hb often 
burdens the dialoffue with' 
philosophic discussion; his 
chorus has Uttle connexion 
with the play; the prologue 
and epilogue, introduced by 
him, are scarcely more artistic 
than a modem play .bill. His 
fgcetX merit, beside perfect 
simplicity of diction, is mas- 
tery in delineating the pas- 
sions. Eighteen of his tra- 
gedies and one satyrio drama 
are extant. 

fipLvKUjiiffUi to find, invent, gain. 

£i)/>i((3id<Si7f, ov, d, a Spiturtan, 
admiral of tiie united Greek 
fleet in the war against Xerxes, 
B.c.480§12S. 

Ev/>vd<«ri9, i7f, ^ wife of Orpheus 
§ 156. 

Bupva$itrifg^ ovt, if son of Aristo- 
demos, ancestor of one of 
the two royal families of 
Sparta § 31. 

Bvpvff$e6tt ivt^ 6f king of My- 
kenai, who imposed on He- 
rakles his 12 labours. 

tvpvxiapUL^ Of, 4, room, open 
space. 

£^/K^iy, 1^, 4> I* daughter of 
kingAgenor, ravished by Zeus 
§§9,98,100. n. the continent 
of £urope § 27. 

Sv/M^ai^ a, d, the chief river of 
Tiakonika, now Ba$iU]potajno, 

€va'4fi€iat aSf 4* piety. 

€virefii(at Ati w, to live piously, 
to be reverent. 

watp-iit, 4t, pious, dutiful, holy. 

€uff$tifiv, A,tt, w, lidTw, to be strong. 



evra^a, «f, ^J, good order. 

4VT€icpiaf as, i^ the blessing of 
children. 

evr Aeco, af, i^, cheapness, thrift. 

evreX^, ^f , cheap, frugal, mean. 

cvrexi'^. a;, 4* s^oU in art. 

evrportjw, ua, to get ready,. to 
prepare. 

evrvx^w, Att, w, ijo-w, to be 
^ prosperous, to succeed. 

evT^xn/u^ arof, rA, success, 

tvTvxisi 4sy successful, fortunate. 

€VTuxia, at, i^, good luck. 

Eiv^piwir, (orof, d, § 51. 

tv^pitLwu, orw, to gladden ; midd^ 
to enjoy oneselt 

Ev^/xiri^, ev, d, a (preat river tH 
western Asia, rising in Ar- 
menia, the boundary of Ar- 
menia and Cappadoci% and 
then of Syria and Mesopo- 
tamia, unites with the Tigriii;, 
and fails into the Persian gulf. 

ev(f>f>6v7jt HIS, 1^, night. 

ev^poattprj, ifs, i^, merriment. 

tvipvi/js, is, goodly, capable, of 
parts. 

cvxe/>i3f, adv., easily. 

'^XiJ, V^t ^i a wish § 62; a tow 
§ 118; a prayer. 

tCxofMu, (ofuu, to pray, to long 
for, to vow, to boast. 

td^uxiat «f, ^, stoutness of heart. 

ci^^oocoti OPt stout, courageous. 

cu^ix^^i adv., stoutly. 

tinaxioiAoi, Att. <^iJMiy to feast. 

itftiwofJUUf ^MAS ^ follow. 

*£0€0-of, ov, ^, one of the 12 Io- 
nian cities in Asia Minor, seat 
of the worship of Artemis; 
under the Romans, capital of 
the province of Asia. 

i<t>tvplffKw, i^w, to discover^ to 
invent. 

i<l>i/fioficu, to exult over. 

4^fi€poft or, lasting but a day, 
shortlived § 115; plot, from 
hand to mouth. 

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VOCABULARY. 



iif>e6s, ^ 6p, (Ihpta), "boiled. 

ii>Lm^ -fynaf to send upon, to 
throw at, to allow; midd., to 

- enjoin, to desire, r<v6f. 

^^irr6f, 4 ^t attainable. 

i^lffTTifu, hriffrfyrta, to set over, 
to institute, to stop; midd., 
with perf . and 2 aor., to stand 
upon or near, to be set over, 
to be at hand. 

^068coi», ov, T6f supplies for a 

• journey, stores. 

i^os, ov, iff an approach, an 
attack. 

'i^pdMf Att. tD, irSypo/uUi to ob- 
serve, inspect. 

i4tMoty ov, an overseer ; at Sparta 
five magistrates, who had con- 
trol even over tne kings. 

ixBalpio, afw, to hate. 

ix^is, adv.,=x^^J, yesterday. 

4x^top, comparat. adv., irom ^- 

' $pQSf maliciously. 

'hceos,ovs,r6, ) j^^^^ 

ixBpa, OS, 4 ) 

4x0pos^ ^ 6Pf hated, hostile. 
6 ^.,an enemy. 

^/o6f, <£, 6Py (^w), strong, se- 
cure, 

^w, i^Uf 1. to have, to hold, to 
enjoy; ol ^oi^ef, men of sub- 
stance § 111 n. 16; Aiera/SoXdf, 

< to be subject to changes; x<i* 
piv, to be thankful; iw 6py^ 
rofo, to be angry with some 
one; 2. to be able; oAk ^w 
e/reti', I cannot say; 3. intrans. 
with adv., to be in a certain 
state §§ 91 n. 8, 92 n. 18, 143 
n. 11, 147 n. 13. Midd., to 
lay hold of, to claim, to be 
near, rtp6s, 

1l<a0aff from dawn, early. 

i<as, iUf 4, the dawn, the east 
§7. 

iu9, conj., until, while; Hun dr 
witii conjunctive, im cjfs 
utque ad § 110. 



Z<£X€Vicof, ov, 6, the legislator of 
the Epizephyrian Lokrians 
B.C. 663. His laws were of 
great rigour §§ 79, 125. 

^Xi7, 17s, 17, surge; rvpoif streitm 
of fire. 

ZdfioK^iSf c8os, 6, a Geta, slave 
and sdiolfu: of ^rthagoras, a 
reformer of his countrymen 
the Getai, who after his death 
deified him §§ 6, 24, 97. 

jioU;, Att. i^Wy fut. ^a or cofitUy 
more commonly puitrofuu, 
perf. J9ej3£w/ca, aor. iBUoF, to 
hve § 102 n. 17. 

tej^wvfu, |w, (iungOf yoke), to 
yoke, to join, to wed, to bridge 
over. 

Zev^cf, t^Sy 6y the famous painter 
of Heiakleia, contemporaiy of 
Sokrates. 

Zei^, At6s or Zi7r6f, (Jujptter, lo- 
vi8\ son of EronoB, king of 
gods and men. 

I4<a, to seethe. 

i^of, ov, 6, (zealf jealotis), ri- 
valry, emulation. 

^X6w, Att. (D, iiffw, to rival, 
en"vy, admire, rwd rufos; to 
prosecute § 160. 

^Xcirr^f, ov, d, an imitator, ad- 
mirer § 110. 

iifXtoTost ^1 oPf enviable, worthy 
of imitation. 

^fda, as, damage, sLat. dam- 
num ; a penal^. 

tvM^oWf Att. u, ibawt to cause 
loss, to fine, to punish. 

Zi^<av, coros, 6, the founder of 
the Stoic school, so named 
from the cloister {rroh xoc- 
KlXfi) at Athens in which he 
lectured. Flor. cir. 300 b.o. 

tv^4<af w, iljffa, to seek, examino, 
desire. 

UrnffiSt em, 4, search, ixxr 
quiry. ^ 

jv^/o^s, d, &p, murky, . 



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VOCABULARY. 



281 



gum), a yoke. 

ilvypo^^Wy Att. (i), i^tf, to paint. 

j;taypd!poSj ow, o, {t<^, 7P<i^)f 
one who paints horn the life, 
a painter. 

^nj, ^t, ^, life. 

ii0/t^t, oO, 6, broth. 

^$oy, ov, t6, an aniTnal, a lining 
thing; a figure, in the arts. 

ZiirvpoSf ov, <3, a Persian, who 
obtained possession of Baby- 
lon for Dareios Hystaspis. 

ij, conj., 1. or; if —if, either— or; 
2. after comparatives, and af- 
ter 4X\o9, ipcan-lotf and other 
adjectives, than. Lat. quam, 

fl, adv., I. of a truth, snrely; 
esp. ^ fATfp, in oaths, 
XI. interrog., ij ydp, is it not 

BO? 

if (dat. fern, of Us), which way, 
whither, how, as. 

ilpfl, IIS, 4* {^p^t)i the prime of 
youth, pubei-ty. 

irftfuda, as, % command, sove- 
reignty § 101. t£p *£X- 
Xi^r, the supreme conduct 
. of foreign afEaors in Greece, 
esp. of war. 

^e/u^r, 6yos, 6, a guide, com- 
mander. 

^iofuu, Att. ovfjMt, 'fjjofuUf I. to 
guide, lead, command, rufot or 
TtvL u. to hold, regard, think 
=:Lat. dueo, 

^rfvriwy verbal adj., one must 
lead ; one must tlunk. 

ifiiias, adv., gladly, pleasantly. 

^, adv., ahready. 

i^dfVMu, ijirdi/iffo/Mu, to enjoy, take 
delight 

4d6n^ ijs, ih pleasure, enjoy- 
ment 

^vrd$€ta, as, 4t voluptuous- 



^6Si ^a, tf, oompar. iidUai', pu- | 



perL, i}6iaT9s, sweet, pleasant, 

friendly. 
*Bd(apol, WW, ol, a Thrakian tribe; 

between the rivers Stiymon 

and Nestos. 
i}Oos, ovs, TO, {ethics), character, 

habit, plur., manners. 
^Ktera, superL adv. ; the compar. 

is i^rror; least, not at all, mi- 

nime, 
ifKVt |w, (Uu), to be come, to 

have arrived ; cf. otxopm. 
ilKucla, as, ii, time of life, man- 
hood. 
ilXlKos, 71, OP, as large as; how 

large, qtuintus* 
ff/ieis, plur. nom. of iytb, 
•filiipa, as, ii, i/tphemeral), day; 

Kaff iifidpaif, day by day. 
ifficpos, w, tame, gentle. 
iffitp6of, <a, ii)ff(a, to tame, to re- 
claim, to soften. 
iffiirepos, a, w, our. 
^fuffvs, cto, V, {semi^semis), half; 

rb iffiiiro § 149, the half. 
ilfwr<f>alpiw, ov, to, a hemisphere 

§U2n.l9. 
if/drofAOP, ov, r6, (rii»ta), hall 
iiv, contracted from idp, 
ilvUa, conj., when. 
ilpi»Xfis, ov, 6, a charioteer § 140 

n. 4. 
ifvap, OTos, r6, (t«eur), the 

Uver. 
"Hret/jof, ov, iy, (properly matn- 

land), a country of northera 

Greece, bounded on the W. 

by the Adriatic, on the N. by^ 

lUyricum, on tne S. by Akar- 

nania and Aitolia. 
iiwep, adv., tiian. 
"Up, 6s, 6, a Pamphylian whose 

adventures in the other world 

are noticed by Plato Rep, 10, 

p. 614 6. §47. 
ifp, contracted form of iap, 

spring. 
'Bpa, as, 17, daughter of Kronos, 

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VOCABULARY. 



sister and wife of Zem, queen 
of gods and men. 

*H/MirXe(^f, ov, 6, a deseendant 
of Herakles S§ 31, 79. 

*H/MKXe(^(, w, 6, a natiye of 
Herakleia (now Erekli) in 
Bithynia. 

'H/MucX^, ^ovf, ^, son ol Zeus 
and Alkmene, the ideal of 
heroic 8trenfl;th and fortitude, 
famous for the 12 labours un- 
dergone at the bidding of Eu- 
rysUieus, deified after death. 
The voc. *HpdK\cis, § 114, is 
used as an exclamation of 
amazement, heavens I my 
stars 1 cf. Lat. Hercle! 

Ilpbiiipfy aor. (in use) of ^/m#- 

iipdn, (ifof, 0, demigod, hero. 

*Baiodos, ov, 6, the next Greek 
poet in antiquity to Homer, 
and the founder of the didac- 
tic (Boeotian) school of epio 
poetiy, bom at Askra in Boeo- 
tia. His works are Workt and 
Days (the model of Yirgil^s 
Georgios), Theogony^ shield of 
HerakUs § 156. 

*B.fft6pfi, 7is, ii, daughter of Lao- 
medon king of Troy, delivered 
by Herakles from a sea-mon- 
ster, to which she was exposed 
to deliver her land from a flood 
§167. 

^vxdj^ia, da(a, to keep stiU. 

i^ffvx^ a^v., quietly, softly. 

ilirvxia, as, if, rest, quie^ still- 
ness. 

Ifroiy I. (ri roe), verily; then in- 
deed. II. (ii rot), I^TOi — ij, 
either — or. 

^rrat V^, ^t ft defeat. 

^rrdofAaif Att. ufuu, to be infe- 
rior to, to give way to, rii^f ; 
to be defeated. 

ijTTbUf, OK, compar. of irairor, (ct 
^irorra), less, weaker than, a 



slave to, fWt. firroir as ftdv;, 

less. 
*H^a<tfr»f, ev, o*, son of Zeus 

and Hera, god oi fire and of 

the arts wmoh employ fire« 
*H0aurr^evirrot, or, fashioned by 

Hephaistos. 
^X^f oVf 6, {^f^)t ft sound. 

Bdkarra^ lyf, i^ (IXf ; cf. ifta^ da- 
/Ad), the sea. 

^oXirriOf, a, or, or ot, «i^ of the 
sea; nautical. 

0oLKaTTOKpaT4<a, Att. w, ilfffw, to be 
master at sea. 

6aX^, eaXew, 6«Xv, OaX^, i, 
later gen. OoXoO, of Miletos, 
one of the seven wise men of 
Greece, B.a 639—546, a states- 
man, astronomer and philo- 
sopher, whose name became 
proverbial 'The man's a 
Thalesl* He taught that 
water is the first element of 
all visible things § 110. 

BdXKMj perf. rieffka, (cf. ^Xvt, 
TiBi/jnfjf to be luxuriant, to 
bloom, to prosper. 

BdKwos, ovf, r6, warmth. 

BdXirw, yjmy to heat, to inflame. 

BdyaroSf ou, 6, (^m^ffw), death. 

Bdrrw, fkf, (rcC^s), to honour 
with funem rites, to bum a 
body and bury the ashes. 

Bappita, Att. w, i^w, to be of 
good courage; Bdppti, oheer 
upl §§29,110. 

BdrrWf adv., quicker. See ro^ 

BavfuL, arot, r6, (ol Bio), wand«ar, 

a wonder. 
tfovfuC^, <i^c#, to wonder at; rf» 

wd TiMos, one for a thing; re 

TUfds, a thing in some one; 

B. elf I wonder if = I wonder 

that. 
Bavfidnos, a, or, suiprising, BUT* 

yellous; excellent. . . i .. 



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283 



Baviuurrbst i(, 6r, wonderfali 



Bedy ail 'ht {dea\ goddess. 

^a, a; , ^, a Tiew, a sight, a 
speotoole. 

O^afiko, arot, r^, a show, a spec- 
tacle. 

$€doficUi Att. Qfiai, •fyr^mi, (9ia), 
to behold; to see upon the 
stage; to attend tiie theatre. 

dtariov, verbal adj., one most 
behold. 

Bean/js, ov, 6, a spectator. 

BiarpoVf ov, r6, a theatre; me- 
taph. § 83. 

BeTos, a, of, (^e^;)* divine, sacred, 
wondrous; rb Biiw^ the Di- 
vine Being § 63 ; rd B^a, the 
coarse of providence § 101; 
religion. 

Bi\(a, see iBiKw. 

Be/iiiXiott ^^9 {rlBrffu), 6 B. (\£- 
Bos)i a foundation-stone. 

Bifiis, tdos, ij, (riBfifu)t the god- 
dess of justice and order. 

6e/u<rroicX^;, iovSf o, the great 
Athenian statesman and gene- 
ral, creator of the naval power 
of Athens, present at Mara- 
thon B.a 490, commander of 
the fleet at Artemision and 
Salamis b.o. 480, f<Mrtified the 
eify and the harbour; banish- 
ed 471 B. 0., received by the 
Persian long Artaxerxes b.o. 
465 ; he died in exile aet. 65. 

Qicyvtf, cdot, 6, of Megara, flor. 
eire. 540 b.o. An elegiac poet, 
more than 1200 of whose ver- 
ses are extant, which contain 
his aristocratic creed, and in- 
culcate the political and do- 
mestic virtues of the Dorians 
§§■52, 97. 

Oe^oypof, oi;, 6, i. of Eyrene, an 
atheistic phQosopher § 156; 
n. a tragic poet § 124. 

Of^o/Airof, ov, 6, of Chios, a his- 



torian bom droa 880 b.0. He 
wrote a history of Qreeoe, and 
another of the times of Philip 
§162. 

^e^t, 00, 6f (detUf atheimn, motiO' 
theitm, theism), God, a god. 

Otf^/Murrot, ov, 6, of Eresos in 
Lesbos, a pupil of Aristotle, 
flor. circ 312 B.a His extant 
works, beside his characters, 
are on natural history, bota- 
ny, mineralogy and fire § 80. 

Bepdiratya, tjs, i), a maid servant. 

dipaweia, as, 17, service, Worship ; 
courting ; nurture, tending, 
rearing ; a retinue § 107 n. 36. 

Beparcvriw, one must worship, 
court, care for. 

B€pav€6<a, o'w, to worship, court, 
win, take care for; to cure 
§160. 

Btpdxiov, ovroi, 6, an attendant, 
a servant. 

Bept^, <a>, {Bipos), to mow; to 
cut off § 107. 

6e/o/ioiri>Xcu, (Sv, cU, Hot OaUa, 
so called from sali^nr springs, 
the narrow pass between Mt. 
Oita and tiie sea, which leads 
fromThessalytoLokris. Here 
Leonidas and his Spartans 
withstood the Persians, b.o. 
480 §§ 53, 133. 

BepfJLOSj if, 6v, (thermometer, B4poi), 
hot; hot-blooded, hasty; fresh. 

Q€p/jui>d(av, ovTOi, 6, a river of 
Cappadocia, flowing into the 
Black Sea. 

B4pos, ovs, TO, {Bipta,ferveo, fever)i 
summer; a crop; of a horse's 
mane §107. 

Q€<Tfio</>6pos, ov, law-giving, epi- 
thet of Demeter § 67. 

Btoiru^ifa, Att. w, •fyr(a, {B§6s, 
elreip, #M» to prophesy § 108. 

e^tj, idos, 17, a sea goddess, 
wife of Peleus and mother of 
Achilleus. 

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T0GABVLAR7. 



$€iapi»t Att. (S, i$tf-tf, {Bio, to t^o- 
me), to behold, to contemn 
plate, to view as a spectator. 

$td>pfi/iat aros, r6, {theorem), a 
spectacle; a speculation; a 
theorem § 138. 

Btuploy at, rjt (tJieory)^ a spec- 
tacle; the view of the public 
shows § 102. 

O^flu, (Sr, oU, the capital of 
Boeotia. 

ei;/3oto», o, or, Theban. ^ 

^i^ici;, vh ^1 (t^^7/m)« a chest, a 
grave. 

0^\vst eta, v, {Oi/fO-affBoUt to suck 
the breast), female; effemi- 
nate; t6 B^KUf the female sex. 

$iipy $rip6s, 0, (ferfi), a wild beast, 
beast of prey, game. 

QilptL/jiivris, oVf 0, an Athenian 
statesman in the latter part 
of the Peloponnesian war, fa- 
mous, like the vicar of Bray, 
for changing sides, and thence 
nicknamed KoOoppos^ (the bus- 

. kin fitting either foot). He 
was one of the Thirty, and 
forced by his colleagues to 
drink hemlock b.c. 404 § 126. 

^ripei^o), a<a, {Ortp), to hunt, to 
catch. 

ixfplov, ov, t6, a beast, an animal. 

OrjpubdriSy es, (erfiof), savage, 
bestial. 

OtjpoKT^osy Wy killing wild beasts. 

6ri<ravpo9, ov, <J, (TL0rifit, tr^aor)^ a 
store, treasure, metaph. § 6 ; 
a treasury. 

Ofjae^St itatj 6, son of Aigeus, le- 
gendary king of Attica, whose 
exploits almost rival those of 
Herakles. 

SXi^cj, \f/(a, to crush, to pinch, to 
vex. 

0priffK(a, dcufoOfiM, aor. iOavWy to 
die, to perish; prose writers 

~ use dTo0yi^Ku, except in perl 
TiOyrjKa, I am dead, and plup. 



0p7fT6s, ly, ^, mortal. 

8ovd(inrot, ov, o, an Athenian 
§ 124, ^ 

0pd(fos, ovst TO, (see 0app4(a), bold- 
ness, rashness. 

6pao-vXXot, ov, i, a Gynio § 126. 

0paavs, €ta, v, (dare), bold, rash. 

$p4}JKi>t fut. of Tp4ifMa. 

QpjjKioSt a, Wt Thrakian. 

Oprpf4u», Att. w, 170-w, to bewail, 
lament. 

^P^» "rptX^h ^* l""r. 

0pi^, xof, 6, a wood-worm. 

BpouoSf ov, 6, a seat, a throne. 

BfivrriKOiy ^, 6Pf delicate, luxuri- 
ous § 116. 

Bpvm-b), }lf(a, to break small, to 
weaken; midd., to Uve volup- 
tuously. 

evydrripf (Germ. Tochter), arpos^ 
17, a daughter, 

BvfKKay 17s, 1}, {du<a)y a hurricane. 

QuiarriSy ov, 0', son of Felops and 
brother of Atreus, by whose 
treacheiy he was made to eat 
the flesn of his own chil- 
dren. 

^vi;r Aof , ov, 6 and 1}, a priest or 
priestess. 

BvXaKos, ov, o\ a bag, a pouch. 

$ufia, arosy ro, (Ovu), a victim, 
an offering. 

BvfAidia, Att. (S, i^o-w, to bum in- 
cense. 

^v/toj, ov, 6, {0wa)f the soul, tem- 
per, spirit, passion, courage, 
wrath. 

Bvpa, as, ^, {fores, Germ. Thiire), 
a door. 

Ovpa^e, properly Bvpoffde, to the ■ 
door, out, Lat. forcu, 

dvpaxos, a, op, or os, or, out of 

doors, abroad, strange. 
0vpis, idoSf 4, a window § 132; a 

door. 
dwria, as, 4, a sacrifice. 
dv<a, <r<a, I. {0v<rla, etc.), to offer, 
to sacrifice, to celebrate with 



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285 



etc.), to hurry oni course. 
0<aT€vUt 0'w, (^(6^), to flatter. 
0ii>pa^, cLKott i, (loTiea)f a corslet. 
0(6\pf $iaw6s, 6f a flatterer; adj. 

0. \6yost fawning § 162 n. 11. 

IdofjMt, Att* wfuUf dffofuuj to 
heal. 

*I<C<r(iiy, woff 6, son of Aiscm, the 
king of loikoa^ leader of the 
Argonauts. 

UroiKdSf 'fit 6r, belonging to me- 
dicine, skilled in medicine; 
4l L (rixy^), the medical art. 

iaTf>&s, ov, 6f a surgeon; a phy- 
sician. 

'^pTjptt, taif, elf (Ebro), i. natiyes 
of Iberia near Mt. Caucasus, 
{Georgia), n. natiyes of Spain. 

tfiif, los, % the ibis, a bird wor- 
shipped in Egypt. 

IpvKotf ov, 6, a lyric poet of 
Bhegion, contemporary with 
Polykrates, tyrant of Samos, 
where L chiefly liyed § 81. 

'Ida?of, wff belonging to Mt. Ide 
near Troy § 152. 

/Seiy, see 6piu, 

"T-hh Vif ^* 1* A mountain in 
Krete. 2. a moxmtain in 
Phrygia, now Kaa Dagh; the 
* many-fountainedlda' of Ho- 
mer and Tennyson. 

tStof, a, w^ (uiiosyncrasy), one's 
own, private, personal, pecu- 
liar; rh t| one's private pro- 
perty. 

Uiih-rfi, ov, 6, {idiot)f a private 
person; an unprofessional 
man, a lawman ; one unskilled, 
rty6f ; a turo ; a common man ; 
a common soldier. 

lituTtK6s, 4 ^, {idiotic)^ for pri- 
vate men )( royal § 188. 

tBc^f (properly aor. imper. midd. 
of dpdicif, lioC)f inter)., Beet» 
eccef 



t8/Nf, t, gen. em, {otda), Imom^ 
ing. 

Idpi&Vf ffWt (f^), to seat, estab- 
lish, settle, found, esp. in 
midd. 

tSpioSt CoTos, 6t (^off tudor), 
sweat. 

Upa^t oKoSf 6, a hawk. 

I^peia, af, ii, a priestess. 

Upe^t, icjSi ^ a priest. 

l€p6Pf oD, t6, a temple. 

Upbs, d, 6p, (/lierarchy), sacred, 
holy, dedicated to, ru^i § 116, 
n. 20. 

lepSavXoSt ov, 6, a temple-robber, 
=Lat. tacriUgvs^ 

tfffUf ijffUf to send; to utter § 
138 n. 10; to discharge, let 
fly, to spout forth ; midd., to 
hasten, to desire. 

'I^difi;^ i/f, ^ the home of Odys- 
seus, an island on the W, of 
Greece. 

Iicay6s, i^ 6r, {U<a), sufficient, fit, 
capable, =sLat. idoneut; irkiw 
ToO Uapov, more than enough 
§160. 

'Iir(£/»of, ov, 6, father of Erigone, 
raised to the stars as Bodtes 
or ArktouroB § 126. From 
him an Attic deme was named. 

kerei^, ff<a, to approach as a 
suppliant, to supplicate. 

hcirrfSt ov, 6, (Iku), a suppliant. 

Uv^ofuUf Att. oO/MU, t^ofjuUf (pcul^f 
to come, to reach, to suppli- 
cate. In prose d^jc. is usual. 

fXewf, wr, propitious, gracious. 

'IXioi^, ov, r6, a city in Troas, 
besieged for ten years by the 
Greeks under Agamemnon. 

'IXcdr, ddot, % the Iliad of Ho- 
mer. 

l/idTiWf ov, r6, a cloak. 

^IpJpay as, 1^ a city on the N. 
coast of Sicily, E. of Panor- 
mos, the birtibptace of Stesi- 
choros § 126. 

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286 



VOCABULARY. 



tfjLtpot, Wf i, yearning; desire, 
love. 

Inl I. conj., that, in order that, 
with eonj. or opt. ; with ind. 
past, in which case. u. ady., 
where, whither. 

Troxot, ov, 6, a river-god, 
founder of Argos, lather of 
loflfi. 

*lp9la, ttf, 1^, India. 

'IwiiK6s, ^^ 6w, Indian. 

*lrZ^ w, 6f an Indian. 

*I(<air, orof, 6, a king of Thes- 
saly, punished for offering 
violence to Hera, by being 
fastened to a wheel, driven 
by a storm, in the lower world 
§117. 

*Io^an^ ou, 6, a king of LyMa 
§91. 

'loicflumr, ntt ih mother and wife 
of Oidipus. 

Uf, 00, ^ I. poison, n. an ar- 
row. 

'loi^Xiof, ov, d, the Lat Inlius, 
gentUe name (notnen) of G. 
Caesar. 

'loir^icof, ov, d, a Greek philoso- 
phy, of whose treatise on old 
age hurge fragments are pre- 
servvd by Stobaios § 17. 

UnrdffifMS, 17, oy, fit for riding, 
rpurlw ipfuifftp, broad enou^ 
to allow three chariots to pass 
§46. 

tmreioSf a, or, of a horse. 

iinr€^, ffWt to ride. 

*Iinr/af, ov, i, son of Feisistra- 
tos, expelled from Athens B.C. 
510, accompanied the Persians 
to Marathon B.a 490. 

Ixrt/c4t, ij^ &r, of a horse; eques- 
trian; rdi., cavalry. 

lwx6dpofioSy ow, 6, (hippodrome), 
a race-course, metaph. § 
136 n. 26. 

lvvmc4pTavftot, ov, 6 and 1^ a 
centaur. 



frxot, ov, i and 4^ a hono, a 
mare; 1^ t*cavalry § 90 n. 4. 

IwTorrit, irrof, ^ horse-Datnre, 
§ 73 n. 19. 

laias, ((o-of), as many times; 
IffdKts Uot dfii0/Mt, a aguare 
number § 48 n. 11. 

'^ffSfua, «r, rdy the games hdd 
ev«ry five (originally every 
three) years at the isthimas 
of Corinth § 114 n. 82. 

•I<rif, idosy ^, an Egyptian god- 
dess, sister and wife of Osiria. 

'IffoKparris, ovf, 6, an Athenian 
orator, bom B.a 436, died 
by his own hand on hearing 
of the defeat of Chaironeia 
B.a 338. Twenty-one of his 
speeches, mostly rather p<^- 
ticalpamphlets than speeches, 
are extant. Out of his school 
proceeded Isaios, Hyperides, 
Demosthenes, and others of 
the chief orators. 

Wvo/iof, or, of states, having 
equal rights, free. 

(aos, lit OP, equal, fair, even ; in 
verse taov b^aral rany is of 
equal power with some one 
§ 145 ; see iVa/nt. 

'lo-o-^s, 00, ^ a city of Kilikia, 
on the bay named from it 
(now bay of Seanderum, i.e. 
Alexander). Here Alexander 
defeated Dareios b.c. 333. 

Utiiiu, ffTfiffw, (sto, stand), to 
set up, to check, to erect § 
123 n. 29; to raise, to estab- 
lish, to weigh § 140 n. 17; 
midd. with 2 aor. i<mfif and 
perf. iarriKtL, to stand § 123 
n. 30; to be set up, to begin. 
From the perf. iffrifKa were 
formed fut. ^on^w and ^on^ 
^ofAot; et Tt$¥i^ and re^an^^ 

O/iOl. 

UttodLo, Of, ^, (otSa), inquiiy, 
history § 100. 



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70GABTTLART. 



287 



a historian. 
Irrit, 00, 6f (Unuu), a loom ; a 

mastSlU. 
UrovpyUt, «i, ^ (ifnf^t weaT- 

isg. 
Irr^ot, ov, A» the Danube $ 110. 
i^ciff, idot, ih {l^pot), a dried 

fif- 
/<rx»'Af. 1^, or, («rx«). diy, ahri- 

TaUed, spare, thin. 
i€X^* d, dr, str(»ig, mighty, 

MTere. 
Uxypfatt exceedingly, mightily. 
l^X^h ^ ^t(ff f liAt. vi«), strength, 

power, main f oroe. 
Uncn^t vffv, to be strong, power- 
ful, 
ftfwr, adr., equally, iairiy, per- 
haps. 
'IraAio, Of, 4, Italy. 
*IraXiic<ff, 1^ ^y, Italian. 
"Irvf, vof, it son of Terens and 

Prokne. 
'I^McX^ ^t, ^, half-brother of 

Hertzes, son of Amphitryon 
. tod Alkmene. 
""W, oGf, ift daughter of Inaohos, 

ohai^^ by Hera into a cow. 
'ImXit^ •$, ^, a city in the 
. ThcMalian Magnesia, on the 

Pagasaian golf, therendezyons 
, ol the Argonaats. 
Ittpcf , «r, oi, a Greek tribe, esp. 

that portion of it settled m 

Ionia. 
'IvUttt ttf, 1^, a district on the 

eoast of Asia Minor, S. of 
, Aiolis, N. of Karia, reaching 
, fromPhokaia and theHermos, 

to below Miletos. 
IfevciH^, ijst ^t ft woman of Ionia 

§ 132. 

KiSfioit Wf 6t son of Agenor, 
boilder of the dtadel Kad- 
meia at Thebes. 

/m9\ see irard. 



KoBatpiu, Att. w, 'iffta, to take 
down; to draw down (from* 
heayen) by charms; to destroy 
§110 n. 22; to dethr<me91U 
n. 8; to condemn. 

KaOalpta^ a/N3,(fra^a/>6t), to cleanse, 
purge, rid of, ru^f ; to purify. 

KoSdwep, {Kwrdt &, xep), just as. 

tcaOdirr^, rfw, to fasten on § 119 
n. 19 ; midd., to upbraid, rarhu 

KdBapfMLt arof, rl, (ico^aZ/M^), 
offBoonrings, scum % 110. 

Kttiap^y d, 6p, {casUUt ehaMte)^ 
pure, dean; clear o^ riy6f. 

KaOafMSj adv., purely. 

imeeiwfuut fut. § 105 n. 7, and 
KoBtihiiypf aor. § 81 n. 16 ; the 
jHres. Ka$4^t>/jMi is rare, if. 
genuine; KdOii/iai is usual in 
ihe pres. sense, to sit. 

Kad€i68iaj di/fffVj to sleep, to rest. 

KdBrifiM, import ^«a^ij|^i}r, (see 
Ka0€iov/iai)t to sit, to sit idle; 
ol KctO'fffUiHHt the guests at 
table § 153 n. 32, often also 
the judge8,as we say, the heneh, 

Hadifpdw, Att. (S, (6tfw, to dedicate, 
hallow. 

Ka$ll;w, uSt to set, place, appoint;, 
intrans., to sit. 

KoffiiifUy KaOijav, to let down, to 
let fall. 

KaOtKvio/iaiy Att. ov/uu, t^ofiat, to 
reach; r^ fiaxnipl^ ruf6s, to 
strike § 110 n. 11. 

Ku0iffTiifUt icarotfTi^w, ad and 
midd., to set down, bring 
down, appoint, establish, 
settle; rwii c/t dToplap, to 

. bring a man into perplexity; 
to render, ra^d rt ; pass, with 2 

. aor. and perl act., to be ap* 
pointed, to appear or come 
forward; elt triktijMw run, to 
be involyed in war with s(»ne 
one ; in the past, to be in a 
certain state; to be usua]» 
settled. 

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VOCABULARY. 



leal, and even, also; re^ircU, jca{ 
— K<d both, and; not only, but 
also ; used both in relatiTe and 
demonstrative clause, where 
we omit it in the relative, 
Kol lifup ravrd 8ok€i, dvtp koI 
poffiXti, we also have the 
same opinion as the king; 
KoX iitij;tav, even greater, vel 
maior; kcU — 9^, and also; 
Kol — ye, aye and; koI 5^ 
tcoU, and more particularly; 
Kcd fi^v Koiy moreover; woKKol 
Kcd dyaOol, many good men. 

Katre^f although, with partic., 
which has sometimes to be 
supplied from the context. 

KcUpuKt a, ov^ or or, oy, i. season- 
able § 87; n. (at the right 
place) vital; mortal, of a 
wound. 

Ktuplust adv., mortally § 159. 

Koup6s, ov, 6, due measure; the 
right place ; usually, the very 
• nick of tune, season, oppor- 
tunity. 

Kaxaapt apot, 6, G. lulius Caesar 
§ 101. 

leairoi, and yet sguamguam. 

KaKdyyeKoi, of, bringing evil 
^ tidings. 

KOKirfopoi, Wi (d7o/»e(?»), abusive, 
slanderous. 

mticfa, at, 17, badness, cowardice, 
vice. 

KVLKl^ia, (w, to abuse ; pass., to be 
abused; to play the coward. 

KOKodaLfuaif, or, ill-starred, un- 
happy. 

KaKfr/jerjs, et, malicious, ill- 
natured. 

KUKoKoryiUf Att. (3, 'ffffu, to revile. 

KtucordBeut, as, 4* trouble. 

KaKdst ij, 6Pf bad, wicked, hurtful, 

sorry, craven ; rb k. or rA ic.,eyil, 

mischief, sufferings ; compar. 

^ Ktucltav, superl. Kdjctarof; also 



KOKovpyos, or, misohieYoitfly emi* 
ning, a malefactor. 

KtutcSt, adv., ill; \4y€u^, to speak 
ill of §106 n.3;«irov€cr,tobe 
ill spoken of; ix^w, to be in 
evil plight. 

xdXafjMSf ov, 6f (calamus, Sn^ 
haiUmt Ft, cfuiume), a cane, 
used by children as a * horse' 
§ 63 ; a reed pipe. 

KaXavpla, as, ^, usually KoXa^ 
/»e(a,nowPoro, an island in the 
Saronic golf, opposite Troi- 
zen. Demosthenes took re- 
fuge in the sanctuary of Po- 
seidon's temple there B.a 822. 

KoK^Wy Att. (3, fut. w, to name, 
Twd re; to call, invite, invoke, 
summon ; i Koko^fiepos, the so- 
called. 

KoXidy as, 1), a nest. 

Kd\iyov, ov, ro =:Lat. caUga, • 
militaiy boot. 

KdKtyoKai, a, 6, Caligula, nick- 
name of C. Caesar, successor 
of Tiberius. 

KaWlut^, or, comparative of KoX^. 

KdWos, ws, rb, beauty. 

iroXX^^;, wQ, to beautify. 

KoKoKdyaBla, at, if, (iraXftf aca2 
dyaJditi), nobleness, perfect 
breeding. 

KaXbs, 4 6r,beautifnl, fair, noble, 
good, fine. iraX6f iccl7a^6f, fair 
and good, noble and virtuous, 
realising the perfect ideal of 
a free-bom, high-bred, man. 

KoK^Tu, \p(a, (occtUo, clam, kki" 
nTw; another form of xpimt, 
cf. celeber, creber; apoca2^|Me), 
to cover § 131 ; to fdde. Po- 
etic word. 

KoKtot, adv., well; fx^cr* to be in 
a good state; rpdrrciv, to fare 
well ; \4y€ip rtrd, to speak weU 
of a man; dicoi^eir, to be well 
spoken of. • 

Kafi/3i^i7f, ov, b, I. father of Ej" 



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tOGABULARf. 



289 



roB. n. second king of Per- 
sia, B.C. 529 — 522. son of Ky- 
ro8, conqueror of Egjrpt. 

tcdfXTiXos, oVf 0, and more com- 
monly iif a camel. An orien- 
tal word. 

Kd^uKOy Rafiovficu, aor. fKafMw, 
perf. KiKivfiKOy to tire oneself, 
to be weary, to suffer from ill- 
ness, to be exhausted. 

Kafivfiy ^j, ^, a winding. 

KdfiTTv, j/Uf to bend. 

K&v* I. = K<d &p, n. = Kol 
idjf, even if. 

Kd»=Kal ip, 

Kairai'ci^f, ius, ^ one of the Se- 
,Ten against Thebes, struck by 
lightning as he was climbing 
the wall. 

icaxi/Xetory ov, r6, a tavern. 

KdTi^Xos, ov, 6, (caupOf copa; 
Germ, kaufen; Engl. cJieap, 
chapman) t a dealer, huckster, 
publican. 

Kcntp&Sf out 6, smoke. 

xdrpos, ov, 6, {aper, caper; Germ. 
Eber)f a wild boar. 

KdTTutf rf/cj, to gulp down. 

Kdp, KapSs, d, a native of Earia 
§§61n.27, 162n. 29. 

kdpoy nom. and ace., t6, (K6fitn, 
cerebrum)^ a head. In poetry 
Kpardi is gen. 

KaparofUap Att. fa), ijcrwy to be- 
nead. 

KapSla, ttf, ^, (Lat. cor, eordiSt 
0ierm.IIer2)t the heart. 

Ka/rfo, aj, ^, the S.W. region of 
Asia Minor, S. of Phrygia, N. 
of Lydia, inhabited by a bar- 
barian people. 

xapKlpot, ov, d, (cancer), a crab 
§159. 

KaprdSf 00, d, (G^rm. Herbst; 
harvest), fruit, of com or trees; 
produce; result. 

lcapTep4w, Att. w, ijo-w, («r/>drot), 
to endure, to bear up. 



Kaprepla, «», 4* endurance. 

KapTep6s, df 6p, strong, staunch. 

Kapxv^^f^f'Oit taw, ol, ttie Cartha- 
ginians. 

Kapxv^dfp, ovos, ilj, the great 
Phoinildan colony in Airica 
proper, the rival of Home, de- 
stroyed by P. Cornelius Sdpio 
Aemilianus B.C. 146. 

Kaffdj^dpa, as, ^, daughter of 
Priamos, who received from 
Apollo the gift of prophecy, 
coupled with the condition 
that she should always pre- 
dict disaster, and never be 
believed. 

ica<rc7FiJrJ7, ijs, 4, {KderiSj y^os), a 
Bister. 

Kdairtos, o, of, K. irrfXcu, a moun- 
tain pass between Media and 
Hyrkania. 

Kdffffios, ov, d, C. CasduB Lon- 
ginus, one of the murderers 
of Caesar 15 March 44 B.C.; 
he died by the hand of one of 
his slaves after the battle of 
Philippi, B.C. 42. 

Kard, prep., down. i. with gen., 
down from, irard werpcSp tL* 
irrtw, to fall down rocks ; Karb. 
X^ofds, beneath the earth; 
over, vStap /card x^'P^' dtdd^it, 
to give water (to pour) over 
the hand; dfOfiSvai xard ripos, 
to swear by, strictly over, on 
the head of, some one; against,^ 
tfnji^os Kard tipos, a verdict 
against some one; of, con- 
cerning, X^ciF Kard rtpot, to 
say of some one. ii. with 
ace., down, irard ^vp, down 
stream; over, ira^ 'BXXdJo, 
throughout Greece; icor* dp* 
Opt&TTovs, amongst men § 91; 
Kard y^, by land; distribu- 
tively, jcard fiifpa, monthly; 
irard /lipot, severally § 105; 
«ord ToXeif, citybydty; «ar4 

19 



290 



VOGABULART. 



ToK^t greatly § 118; in ^piest 
of, Kwri. K\in odr^* drawn by 
her fame § 125 n. 8; ca^ iip- 
Tayfyfi iCfr the pnrpoee of 
plunder; r^ ica^ iifiat rixro* 
oust art, the art which belongs 
to US § 154 n. 28 ; xard -Hip 
trtipoifjUeaf, according to the 
proverb ; xard di^apuy, to the 
best of one's power; icetrd \6' 
70^1 in proportion; xar* dif- 
ipiaxw^ humanly, as a man 
should § 146 n. 1; /a«^ ^ 
icor iMpiaww, too great for a 
man; «rar& rairrdy in the same 
way; Karh, UXdruva, as Plato 
says ; r^ /car' iyii^ as far as I 
am concerned, for my part; 
icard rhw voKefiov^ during the 
war; jcard Aiifio<r04yff, in the 
time of D. 

icfra^KoX ctroy and then, 

Karapaivia, ^ijaoficUf to go down, 
dismount. 

KaT€LpdiKK<a, /3aXc^, to throw down, 
to reject, to deposit, to lay as 
a foundation. 

Kard^aais, eo;;, ^, (jrara^a/vcy), a 
descent; mardb down to the 
sea. 

KarapiPpu^KW^ Karapp(a<rofiai, to 
devour. 

KarayiXaffToSj w, ridiculous. 

KarayeXdutf Att. «, dffofiat, to 
laugh at, TtM6s, 

KaTayiyvuHTKU, ypticrofjuu, to lay 
something to a man's charge; 
to condemn. 

Kordyvvfu^ icard^o), to shatter; 
pass, with perf., Koriaya^ to 
be broken. 

(farcf^w, f «, to lead down, «. g. , 
the dead into the lower world 
§ 115 ; to bring down to the 
coast; to bring to land; to 
reoal from exile. 

Kaxayioyeiovy oi/, t<J, an inn. 

<faTa7wi'tfo/Aat, toD/tat, to struggle 



against; to conqiier. Iiate 
word. 

KaradapSdyw, Bi^o/uu, to fall 
asleep. 

carols, ^t, lacking, rxrof ; weak; 
compar., inferior. 

iraroS^X^'M^^ ^^ receive. 

KaraSiKal^bf, dffw, to oondemn, 
Ttv6t Tt. 

KaTa5ou\6(a,Mt.<3t(*><r(afto enslave. 

KaT€Ld6o/j.ai, ffo/juUf to sink; to 
steal under; KaTadO<r<a and 
KaTidvaOf to cause to sink. 

jcara^eu^is, cow, ^, yoking, cou- 
plmg together. Late word. 

Karaidta, to bum to ashes; to 
kindle. 

Karaiax'^f^f ^^» ^ disgrace, dis- 
honour; midd., to feel shame 
before. 

Karaxdlb), KatHfu, to bum down. 

xaraKcXevo;, <na, to command. 

KaTdKK-QffTos^ ov, shut up. 

icaraicX^M, tyu;, to lay down; 
midd., to lie down, at table. 

KaTaK&KTtai \pw, to cut up. 

KaraXafi^dvUf X'^yf/ofuUf to seize, 
to comprehend, to overtake. 

KaroKelTUf }J/(a, to leave behind, 
to forsake. 

icaraXiJw, <rw,to destroy, dissolve, 
depose, annul, end. 

iraro/teX^w, Att. w, 'fyrot, utterly 
to neglect, tij'6j. 

KaToydXlffKctf (»xr(a, to spend, 
consume. 

Karavavfiaxita^ Att. (i), •fyrOy to 
defeat at sea. 

Eardi');, 17s, 1^, an ancient city 
on the E. coast of Sicily near 
Mt. Aetna, from whose erup- 
tions it often suffered; now 
Catanea § 106. 

KaTOPoicj, Att. w, i}<rw, to per- 
ceive, consider. 

KaTavrdwy Att. «, ij<rw, to arrive, 
meet, issue in, happen. Late 
word. 



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VOCABULARY. 



291 



jcaraTaXo/o;, <rw, to throw in 
wrestling. 

KOLTavaritaf Att. tu, i}(T(u, to tram- 
ple down. 

«caraxai/a), o-ci), to bring to an 
end, to still, to check, to de- 
pose. 

Karair^TTTca, xe<rou/iai, to fall 
down. 

#coTaTXi)^, ^os, 6 and ^, bewil- 
dered. 

fcarairXijTTW, ^w, to terrify; esp. 
in 2 aor. and perf. pass., to 
be amazed. § 110 n. 25. 

iCttTairX/rTfc;, to trip up. 

KarairKovTl^ut^ tw, to enrich. 

KaraToiKlXKbi^ tXu), to paint of 
divers colom-s. 

#caTairoX€/i^«, w, ij<rw, to war 
down, to wear out in war. 

icttroiroX6/t6w, Att. w, (6<rw, to 
make an enemy of. Word 
of no authority. 

KaTaTrpdrrut ^Uy to accomplish, 
gain. 

KaravTepdiJi Att. w, cii<r«, to 
provide with wings. 

KaTaxuKvdUf Att. (2, c6<rM, see 
§ 136 n. 11. 

Karapp^u), pvrjffOfJLOLiy to flow down, 
to drop off, to fall in. 

icardpxofiaiy ^ofjuu, to begin, 
Ttv6s § 156. 

Karoff^iyvvfu, c^iaoiy to quench ; 
pass, with 2 aor. Kariafiriv 
and perf. KariirpriKa, to go out. 

KaTOffiyd^cJt daca, to silence. 
Late word. 

KaTttaKdirrw, ^o^, to demolish. 

K-arcwncAXw, Xw, to dry up ; pass, 
with 2 aor. KaricrKXrjVj and 
perf., to pine away, wither. 

«wtt<rif6U(£f(w, cUrw, to prepare; 
to furnish with, nvi ; to build ; 
to establish ; to render. 

Karaa-Kev^y ys, rj, preparation, 
construction, furniture, con- 
stitution. 



KaTaa-K-fpTTcjf ^o^, to strike, fall 
on, as lightning. 

KaraffKOTiu), Att. w, ffKifofuii, iO 
view, spy out. 

KardiTicoTotf ov, 6, a spy. 

Kara<rfjnKpijv<a, vpu, to disparage. 
Late word. 

KaraariWut areXQy to arrange ; 
to quiet § 103. 

KaTcurTriplf;w, ttu, pass., to be 
propped. 

Kara<yrpi<(Ka, ^w, to turn down, 
to overthrow ; midd., to sub* 
due. 

Karardrrci;, ^(a, to arrange, to 
appoint. 

KarariOrifUy Oifiau), to set down ; 
to place ; to propose ; midd., 
to lay down ; to store up. 

Kararo^evUf 7(u, to shoot dead. 

KUTarpixfif* 9pafA0u/jLaif to run 
down; to attack; to over- 
run. 

KaTarpipu, ^u, to wear out, to 
wear away. 

KaraifxilvUf atfUy to shew plainly; 
' midd., to appear plainly. 

KaTa<p€vyt»fi ^ofiaiy to fly for shel- 
ter, to seek refuge. 

Katai>0€lp(a, ^^e/)u),to destroy Ut- 
terly. 

KaTa(f>\4yci)j to bum Up. 

Karaippovibiy Att. cS, iiffat, to de- 
spise, TOfOS, 

KaTcvXdyrp^, aor. pass, of Kara- 
irXiJrrw, to be panic-struck, 
amazed. 

Karepyd^ofiaiy daofiat, to achieve, 
gain, dispatch, conquer. 

Karipxofiaij Karei/xi, to go down; 
to return. 

KareaOldj, Karidofmiy aor. icare- 

^ayov, to devour, squander. 
'jcaT^w, Kadi^ujy to hold back; 
to detain § 103 n. 23 ; to con- 
trol; to occupy; to seize; 
intrans., to prevail, to last. 

KaTijyopi(t), Att. cS, i^u;,.to accuse; 



^92 



70CABULART. 



TUfos rc, to lay Bometbing to a 
man's charge. 

KaTijyopla^ as, 4, (categorical)^ a 
charge, aocasation. 

Kan/jyopos, ov, 6, an accuser, 

Karodiipofiai, to lament. 

Karouiuf Att. (J, i^(i», to colonise, 
to inhabit, to dwell. 

KaroTiVf adv. , {(irofiou), with gen., 
behind; after. 

KdroTTpoVf ov, (6\pofiat, optics), a 
mirror. 

Karopdouf, Att. w, (6<ra;, to keep 
straight; to conduct to a happy 
issue; to succeed. 

KaropvTTUf |w, to bury. 

KUTCj, adv., downwards, below 
§ 140; with gen., under. 

Karwde, adv., £rom beneath, be- 
neath. 

Kdrup, wvoSf 6, i. M. Porcius 
Cato the Censor, Cato maior, 
bom 234 B.C., died 149 b.c., a 
^statesman and general, orator, 
historian, and agriculturist; 
his treatise on agriculture, 
and fragments of other works 
alone remain ; many anecdotes 
are told of his stem simplicity 
of character, n. M. Porcius 
Cato of Utica, great-grandson 
of the censor, bom b.c. 96, a 
determined aristocrat, joined 
Pompeius in the civil war, and 
after the defeat of Thapsus 
died by his own hand at Utica 
8 Apr. B.C. 46, after reading 
the Phaidon of Plato ; he would 
not (§ 103) deign to accept 
quarter from Caesar. ^ In his 
suicide and in his principles 
he became the model for later 
Stoics. 

KardrraTos, % w, lowest, superl. 
formed from Kana, 

KavKOM-of, ov, 6^ the great moun- 
tain range between the Black 
. imd Caspian seas« 



Katwiayof, iof, oL, 9k Skjifaiail 
tribe §§ 71, 105. 

KM, not contracted, tcava-c^ 
(caustic), to bum, of lieat or 
cold, to cauterise. 

KtifAoi, Ktlaofiai,(KiifA'/f,ljAt^ ctibo), 
orij^nally a perf., often used 
as pass, of HBritu ; to lie, to be 
situated, to be laid up, to be 
proposed, to be establislied. 

KcTpot, 17, 0, poet, for ^xeri^or. 

K^Kpaya, |o/tcu, (Kpavyi^), to 
croak, to cry aloud; dyixpctyotf 
is the usual aor. 

K^Kporp, oTof, 6, the legendary 
founder of the Athenian state, 
originally an Egyptian. To 
him was ascribed the intro- 
duction of religion, agriciil< 
ture, navigation, written cha- 
racters, and other arts. 

KeXatPos, 4 6y, black. Poetic 
word. 

K€\€V(a, ffta, (KiXofjLoi, Lat. cello) f 
to urge, command, demand, 
recommend. 

K^Xri*' } *^' *^' *^® ^®^*^ ^^ 

Gauis §§ 4, 24. 
K€p6s, 4 01^, (cenotaph), empty, 

vain; void, tiv6s. 
Kiin-avpos, ov, 6 and 1^, (Kcyrita), 

oZ K., a race of monsters, with 

the head, arms, and breast of 

a man, the body and legs of a 

horse. 
Kivrpov, ov, t6, (centre), a goad, 

spur, sting ; centre of a circle. 
K€pafic^, i(as, 6, (ceramic), a 

potter. 
K€pafds, Idos, 4), a tile. 
Kepdwvfju, p<2, to mix, to temper. 
K^pas, aros, m,r6, (cervus, cortm), 

a horn. 
K€paw6s, oO^ 6, a thunderbolt. 
Kepavpoia, Att. (2, dxria, to strike 

with a thunderbolt. 
Kipdalpbt, opw, (K^pSos), to gain. 

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VOCABULARY. 



293 



Kip^oi^ ovtf r6, gain, advantage, 
]oye of gain; plur., canning 
arts. 

"KepKvpaxott iop, o2, the inhabit- 
ants of Korkyra (Corfu), a co- 
lony of Corinth, whose quar- 
rels with its mother state were 
one cause of the Peloponne- 
sian war. 

ISiipKcj^, (OTos, 6, oi K.f mis- 
chievous tormenters of Hera- 
kles, generally stated to be two 
in number, afterwards trans- 
formed into apes ; in comedy 
nearly = goblins. 

Kipim^ aroSf rb, (/cetpw), small 
change. 

KepfJMTituj uS, to cut into small 
pieces, to mince ; to coin into 
small coin. 

K€{t0bf, irw, {hut)t to cover, to 
hide. Poetic. 

K€ipd\cu,oPf oVf TO, {K€4»a\'fi)f the 
parts about the head; the 
sum and substance ; crown or 
completion of a thing. 

Kc0aXi(, ^s, ij, {caput, Germ. 
Haupt), the head. 

Krjde^T'^t, ov, 6, {KrjSoi), a con- 
neidon by marriage. 

K'^ofiai, to care for, to be in 

• trouble for, rwds. 

KTjvos, ov, 6, a garden. 

KTfpds, ou, 6, wax. 

fc^pu^, vKos, 6, a herald. 

Kfip&TTUft i<a, to proclaim, declare. 

KrjT(b, oOs, ij, daughter of Pontos 
and Gala § 48. 

KiitfuaiSxapos^ ov, 6, a scholar of 
Isokrates § 156. 

Kri4n<r6s, ov, 6, name of several 
rivers ; one in Phokis, falling 
into the lake Kopais in Boe- 
otia ; another in Attica, W. of 
Athens. 

xifiioriop, ov, t6, a little chest, 

^ coffer. 

/upuT6st oOf Tjf a box^ chest. 



Ki9ai.p(ip€ios, a, op, of Eithairon, 
the mountain range which 
separates Megaris and Attica 
from Boeotia. 

KiOdpa, as, ij, (guitar), a lyre. 

KiOapifiSla, as, 17, playing on the 
lyre and singing to it. 

Kidap(fid6s, ov, Of {KiBdpa, doid6s)r 
a minstrel 

KtXcK^a, «, ij, a country in the 
S. B. of Asia Minor, W. of Syria, 
S. of Eappadokia, E. of Pam- 
phylia and Plsidia. Its chief 
city Tarsus was St Paul's 
birth-place. 

KLfji^poi, uu, oi, a German people 
§ 96. 

Klfuav, upot, 6, son of Miltiades, 
a successful Athenian general 
in the wars against the Per- 
sians ; he died b.o. 449 § 141. 

KipSvi^evTrjt, ov, o, a man of daring. 

KUfbvpevu, ffcj, to be daring, to 
run a risk,' to hazard. 

Klpdvpos, ov, 6, risk, hazard, 
danger. 

KUfiw, Att. cS, 'ffffta, to move, to 
disturb, to rouse. 

KiTiev;, 4us, 6, native of Eition, 
a town of Kypros. 

kIx^V^ 97$, 1}, a thrush. 

Kiufp, opos, 6, a pillar. 

Kkayyi^, rjs, 17, {clang, clank, Lat. 
clango), a scream, cry, howl. 

KKa^lxipios, a, oy.of Klazomenai, 
one of the 12 Ionian cities, on 
the S. of the bay of Smyme. 

E\air5(o$, ov, 6, the Roman 
emperor a.d. 41—54 § 149. 

icXdca, (not contracted), KXaifcopxu 
or xXaiiffw, to weep, lament. 

KXedpOris, ovs, 6, of Assos in 
Mysia, the successor of Zeno 
as head of the Stoic school. 

KXiapxoSf ov, 6, a Spartan, com^ 
mander of the Greeks who 
fought at Eunaxa b.c. 401 
under the younger Eyros. 



294 



V00ABULAR7. 



KXeiWaf, ov, d, of Tarentam, a 

Pythagorean § 111. 
K\ti% K\ei66s, % {claviSt claudo), 

a key, a bolt. 
KkeiTos, Wt o, a general of 

Alexander's, whose life he 

saved at the Granikos § 102. 
K\€l(at <r», (close), to shut; to 

enolose. 
'KX€Ofx4v7fiy ouf, 6y brother of 

Leonidas, who succeeded him 

as king of Sparta. 
ickios, out, t6, a romonr, report, 

glory. 
itXeirrfflTaroj, 17, op, most thievish ; 

superl. from kKim-rfs, ov, 6, a 

thief. 
kKiiTTott ^w, (KoXjh'Tw), to steal, 

to cheat, to do secretly. 
K\4wv, (avos, 6f a person in 

comedy § 119. 
KXfjfiay arost t^i (xXdo^ito break), 

a slip, a vine-twig. 
K\7ipov6fio%y ov, (j, an heir. 
jrX^pof , ov, 0, (clergy, clerical), a 

lot. 
icKtiphia^ Att. (3f dxrw, to choose 

by lots, to cast lots ; midd., to 

obtain by lot. 
kKjjo)^ old Att. for Kkeiia. 
KXlyrjy fftt 37, (kXIpu, clinical), a 

couch, a bed. 
kXlvcj, ip<3, (clivtte, incline), to 

bend, to lay down ; midd., to 

rest upon, to lie down, to 

slope. 
kXottj, Tfs, 17, (/cX^irrw), theft. 
KXvTcufiPi^a-Tpa, aj, ^, wife of 

Agamemnon. 
kXi&ca, (Lat. inclitus, ausculto), to 

hear, twos; to be called. 
kXiov, xXuvost 6, a young shoot. 
KvriiiJi, rji, ^, the leg between the 

knee and ankle, the shin. 
Kpidosy ov, Tj,- a city in Earia, the 

capital of the Dorian league, 
. and chief seat of the worship 

of. Aphrodite. 



KViffa, fn, if, the steam of roasted 
meat, esp. of bumt-offeiiiip^ 
KOiKia, oy, 17, firotXot), the belly. 
icocXos, 17, o¥, (hole), hollow, low- 
lying; Th K. TTjs x^^St the 
hollow of the hand. 

Kowvi Acl^M (clat. fern, of jcou^or), 
in common, publicly; gene- 
raUy § 12 n. 15. ^ 

Kotv6s, 17, OP, (^vp i. e. aihf Ijat. 
cum, co^nobitic), common, 
public; rb K.,the state or the 
government; rA /c., pablio 
affairs ; vpoffiriop tms k,, one 
must enter public life; ip 
KotPifi, in public. 

Koiy6(a, Att. u, (6<rw, to impart, to 
communicate, rofl re § 88 ; 
midd. also to consult, rtpl; to 
partake, tipos or ru 

Koivuip^iMf, &, iffru. to share with, 
with gen. of ihing and dat. of 
person. 

Kocpcjpla, as, ^, communion, in- 
tercourse; partnership. 

KoiPWPiKos, rj, OP, social. 

Koipuvdi, ov, 6 and 17, a partner, a 
fellow. 

Kolpopos, ov, 6, (Kvpos), a lord, a 
master. 

Koirrf, 97s, 1^, (KeTfjLcu), a bed. 

KoXdtw, wfiai, (KoXoiko, to dock), 
to chasten, punish. 

KoXaxela, as, rj, flattery. 

Ko\aK€0(a, <r<a, to flatter § 21 n, 
17. 

KoXa^, cLKOi, 6, a flatterer. 

K6Xa<ris, €m, 97, chastisement. 

KoXeds, ov, 0, (KoiXos, Lat culem), 
a scabbard. 

KoXXdcj, Att. (3, "ffffu, to glue; 
metaph. to apply § 141. 

KoXocffoi, ov, 6, (colossal), a statue 
of gigantic size, colossus. 

koXtos, ov, 6, (gulf), the bosom; 
fold of a garment, pocket; 
bay. Same in aU senses as 
Lat. sinus. 



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TOGABULART. 



295 



KoXxtJcJf, ^, oV, Eolchian. 

KoXxot, i»>9^ ol, Uie inhabitants of 
Kolchis, W. of Iberia, N. of 
Pontos and Armenia, S. of 
Eaukasos, E. of the Black Sea. 
The modem Mingrelia and 
Abkasia. 

KoXx^f, ^of, ^, see K6Xxoi. 

Ko\(av6it od, 6, {ctUmen, celstu), a 
hiD. 

KoXuwbs, oO, &, Eolonos, a ward 
of Attica, on a hill a mile 
N.W. of Athens ; in the grove 
of the Emnenides there Oidi- 
pus died, as Sophokles de- 
scribes in the Oid, KoL 

Ko/id<a, Att u, 'fjffw, to wear long 
hair; to give oneself airs. 

tc6firft fiSt ^, (Lat. coma)^ hair. 

Ko/uij, adv., just, entirely. 

KOfil^, M, to bring, lead, to re- 
cover, to bury; midd., to re- 
turn, to obtain. 

"Kovufpi (ifpoSf o, an Athenian com- 
mander in the latter part of 
the Feloponnesian war, and 
afterwajrds; he defeated the 
Spartan fleet at Enidos b.c. 
898, and restored the walls of 
Athens. 

K^oSt ov, 6, (wrrw), trouble, 
weariness. 

Korru, \f/(a, to beat, to slaughter, 
to fell, to coin § 124; midd., 
to beat oneself for sorrow. 

xdpa^f ajrof , i, a raven ; a crow ; 
is K^paxas, go and be hanged 1 

Kdpyjf rjs, i^, surname of Perse- 
phone, {^€pff€<p6pri)t esp.' in 
Attica. 

ir6/>i7, 1;$, ^, a girl, a maiden. 

KoplvOioSf a, or, Corinthian; 6, 
E., a Corinthian. 

KSpardot, ov, iff the most popu- 
lous and important commer- 
cial city of Greece, favoured 
l^ its position on the isthmus 
between two seas, destroyed 



by Mnmmius B.C. 14^ re« 
stored 100 years later by Cae- 
sar. Famous for pottery, 
br»nzes, architecture, paint- 
ing, sculpture § 77. 

K^posj ov, 6, surfeit, rwis § 180; 
insolence. 

K6poSf ov, 6, a youth, 

Kopj^fiapTtSi wr, d, the priests 
of Hhea, who went about with 
wild music and fnmtio ges- 
tures, often dancing in ar- 
mour. 

K6pvs, vOot, if, (xdpast eomu), a 
helmet. 

Kopvtl>ii, ^s, ^, (K6pvt\ head, peak, 
crown. 

Kopwyrif i7», '^, {k6p€lQ, a crow. 

KOffKivoVf ov, r6, a sieve. 

Koa-fiiuy Att. <S, i^o-w, (cosmetic) 
to arrange, adorn, honour. 

Kofffirjffis, €(as, iff adorning. 

K6fffioif ov, 6, (microcosm), order^ 
ornament; dress ana jewels 
§ 132; the world, so first 
named by Pythagoras. 

Kvr4<a, Att. <u, i^o;, to be angry 
with, TUfL 

cori^Xiy, 97$, 1^, a cup; a liquid 
measure, ) pint, containing 
6 KijaSoif or J of a ^4ffTrjt {sex^ 
tarius). 

Kovpd, as, ^, (jccjpw), a shearing. 

Kovpeih, 4<as, 6, (Kelpw), a barber. 

Eovp^e;, up, 61, priests of Zeus 
in Erete, afterwards con- 
founded with the Eorybantes. 

KovpcTpo^os, w, rearing boys; 
nursing mother, epithet of 
several goddesses. 

Koii<f>m, adv., lightly. 

Kpi»iO¥, ov, r6, (Kdpoj cranial)^ 
the skull. 

irpar^w, Att. w, i^w, (x/K^rof), to 
rule, control § 107 ad fin.; 
Tivbs; to defeat, rtyd § 117; 
to prevail, to seize, ripbt at 

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S94 



VOCABULARY. 



«v^ 4. of TamitaiDf m 

CXvm, ««, «^ « 0ni«ni of 
VTwl kl U>o Gmiufcoc I yn, 

, vbn $u«o««ded him 
^ —^ uf Sp«rt4. 



cXtfWTVT«T«f^ 1 H ev, most Uii^n&h ; 

tliioL 

iWwrii, ^ («\t^f«^. to steal, 
to elieAt to do »«3ieilT, 

eoM^r $ 119, 
dk^fttt, «TVf. r4 (cXftt^,ta break), 

ii tlip^ A Tine-tvig. 
cX^wikaM^ w» o. Ml lioir, 

iol. 

0«^iBm, Att <?f i^ffw, to chooee 
1^ kMbI, td £a5t lots ; midd., to 
JUU^ bj lot. 

^ftf. old Att. ftikr ifXefw, 

COOelk, A b«d, 

cXfiM^ cf-itf» (£^i>i«#, iJu;?tnf\ to 
bond, to laj down ; miiid-, to 
iMtl ufKUL, to lie dOTIlj to 
«}ope. 

k\«Ti4, ff, ^, ^jcWttw), theft 

Agsnwnmou. 
«Xik^ (IaL 4i9<r/»fi», Atz^rurto), to 

lieu. TiMs; to be c-aBed. 
^Xuiif, jcXiiiKt, a, & young shoot 
Ki^fkit, ijr. ij, the leg between tho 

kaee and &£tMe, the ahin^ 
KA^F, m^ 1^, a t^ity ia ISsirn, the 

OApitaJ of the Dorian ieagnci 

and cln^t ae&t of the worship 

of ApJitt>dite, 



ottftt, fft f » t]3« eteam of roaaUd 

in«at^ e^p. of biumt-ofleTiui:^, 

*«^i(t, at, 17, firorxoy^t the bellv. 

JcflTXet. ^, or, (^/^>. hollow, low^ 

lyins;; ri k. t^ x*M^^' *^^ 

hoUow of th« iiAJid. 
iTfii^, adr., (dat- fern, of if«»o>K 

in coramon, pnblidy; gene- 

rally § 12 n. 13. 

public: Ti^T the state or the 

government; tA *r., public 

affairs ; wpomriot^ Tots 5-, ojj# 

mu^t ent^r pablic lifa; ti 

f odjpi^] in public, 
jcou'ou, AtL w, tiffiUt to impart, to 

coinmunicat^j tu^ Ti § S8 : 

midd. ulao to consult, Ttrl^ to 

pajtate^ twos or tl. 
ciHniMv^Wt w, ijcrw* to ^Ix&re with, 

with gen. of tLting and dat. of 

person. 
KQfWiima.^ as, ij, commnnion, in- 

terconrse: partnership - 
K(K»ia»ucQi^ 17 J oi'i, 80cial, 
«rcKrwp6st iJUj d flJod 17, a partu^r^ * 

fellow* 
lkdpm»ty%^ Di/f Oj {jry/)fff}p A lord, a 

maattr. 
jEfl^rif^ Tjs, 13, (icBMat), a bed. 
jToXcf/cu, (^^a^, [JcoXDikif, to dock)) 

to chasten, punish, 
(foXajcfft^ a^, ^j flattery. 
KQ\aK€iH^^ crw, to iktter | 21 n* 

17. 
AaXaf, oA-ort ^. a flattorer, 

<<sX»t, i>0, o, |it<uX0^, J ^ 
a ^cabbai^. 



70CABULART. 



S9» 



'K,9KxP^ c^^> ^ ^ inhahftMiti of 
KolcOiif^ W. <rf Ibena, N. of 
Pontos and Azmenia, S. of 
KacLkaaos, B. of the nackSca. 
U.*li© modem Min^cfia aad 
AJblfimiai, 
^qXx^s, iSot, ^, Me KAxK. 
jcoXcas'os, av, i, {eulmat^ a Iw m ry % 

liin, 
'KoXcai'os, ou, ^ KolotwM, * 
of Attica, on a liill a 
^.^W. of AthCTs; IB ^e rro«e 
of tlie Cumeiiidca time Qki^ 
pus died, as Sopboldea ^e^ 
scribes in the OuL C»L 
KOfiuicay, Att. (a, "k^M, to -veer laB^ 

liair ; to give oneecif an. 
fcSfJLtf^ jfs, ^, (Lai- ctwattt, haic 
KOfjLtdrSy adv^ just, CBtir^. 
KO/uU^uf^ Ua^ to bring, lead, to ■•- 
cover, to bury; sidd^ !»■•- 



W Ifommte 9.e. lU, 9^ 
atflted 100 yean later br Cn^ 
Mr. FamoM lor pottery, 
bmuea, icIiHartma, pats^ 



ni^M,«r,4,ayo«lk. 
K«^<50Tct, iir, «f, die prft0^ 
«fBhM,arboi 








mauder in tl>e 

the PelopoiuiesLMi ^■•r, 

Afttirwardfl ; b« il*1eaS*d 
Spartan fle^t at KjsaiM 
393^ and restored Owvad 

Atheiis- 

weariiiese* 
K&mtff ^u*, to beat, to 
to feU, to coin | 124; 
to beat oneeell lor 

^ jL^^cLicav^ go and m 




"_V 



^^ 



296 



VOCABULARY. 



KfwHipt fipoft It (crater) , a minng- 
A pvaoLth 
tureen. 



bowl, like a punc^ bowl; a 



Kpdnjt, ifntt ^ of Thebes, a 
oynio and scholar of Diogenes, 
flourished dro. 325 b. o. His 
life by Plntaroh is lost, but 
many of his sayings are re- 
corded i 64. 

KpdTWTos, If, or, superL of d- 
7a^6t. 

icpcCrof , ovf, r^, strength, might, 
"victory. 

KpdTiop, unfoff 4, a character in a 
comedy § 149. 

fcp4aSf ws, r6f {caro, cruor), flesh, 
meat. 

Kptlffffm^ or KpdrrtfPf or, oompar. 
of dya66s. 

tcp€fiwpv/Uf fALi, to hang; pass., 
(also in the form xpifiafiou), to 
be hmig. 

KpitaPy om-ost ^i i* king of Ck)rinth 
§§ 77, 127; 11. brother of 
lokaste, king of Thebes after 
the death of Eteokles. 

if/Mjni, lyi, i a spring. 

Kprivist t5of, i}, (Lat. cr^^ida, ere- 
pido)t a boot ; a foundation § 8. 

KprfSf t6s, it a native of Erete. 

Kfyijmit i|f , i}, the large island in 
the Ionian sea, now Gandia. 

KpiSfit ijs, ij, (hordeum)^ barley. 

KpLiKat u»<3, (cemo, cribrum)^ to 
separate, decide, judge, accuse. 

tcptit, 00, (J, a ram. 

/cplfftty €us, ^, {hypocrisy), judge- 
ment, sentence, trial. 

xptnis, oO, 6, a judge. 

irpora^s, ov, 6, in pL the tem- 
ples. 

JKp^Twr, wrof, 4, a colony of 
Achaia in Bruttium, the resi- 
dence of Pythagoras § 146. 

KpoTtoPidTTjs, ov, 6, a man of 
Kroton § 94. 

icpvm6$t "^t 6p, (crypt), concealed, 
secret. 



Kfiima, ^w, (same as «c<iX^a-r^ 
to hide, to coyer, to oonceaL 

Kpvtp^t adv., secretly; with gen^ 
without the knowledge of. 

Kpvyffiwovt, ovr, reserved, crafiy. 

icrdo/ucu, Att. caficu, ijcofjuu, to 
get, gain, incur ; perl x^kt^puu, 
to possess. 

icrhufw, ov, r6,=sirr%£a. 

KTcltna^ €P(3t to kiU. Poetio ; dvo- 
KTeU(a is used in prose. 
I KT€ity kt€p6s, 6, a comb. 

Kryfia, arot, t6, {tcrio/iuu)^ a poa- 
session, property. 

KT^oty CVS, t6, mostly pi. Kr^m^ 
property in herds, cattle. . 

Kryfaifiioi, ov, 6, a famious ma- 
thematician of Alexandria^ 
circ. 140 B.C. 

jcr^is, €(as, ^ (lerdofiai), gaining, 
posscBsion, property. 

icTi^<d, Iffia, to people, found, 
establish. 

Kva6ll;w, {k^6os, cyathui), to flU 
the cup § 117 n. 10. 

K^ofios, ov, 6, a bean. 

KvfieppAu, Att. (3, ii<rw, (ffubemo^ 
govern), to steer. 

Kv^epvvifnis, ov, 6, a pilot. 

k6^, ov, 6, a cube, a die § 128; 
a cube number § 47 n. 12. 

KMrjpos, ov, 6, 1, son of Phoiniz, 
who gave name to the island 
Kythera (Cerigo), n. a deme 
of Attica, belonging to tiiie 
tribe Pandionis. 

KVKkita, Att. (a, ijow, to move in 
a circle, to revolve. 

KJ&KXoi, ov, 6, {cycle, encycUc), 
a circle, a round; ici$/c\^ or ^ 
«.,in a circle, around § 73. 

Et^icXw^, onrof, 6, a gigantic, one- 
eyed monster; the Eyklopes 
are placed in Sicily, and rof 
presented as forging the thun- 
derbolts of Zeus. 

KjSiKi^, iKos, 1^, (calix), a drinkiog* 
cup. 

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VOCABULARY. 



297 



^futf arotf tS, (Ki6w)f a billow. 
KVfuvowplffTTfSt oVf 6, s cummiii- 
splitter, a niggard § 136 n. 8. 
Kwita, Att. (S, KiKFia, to kiss* 
KVV7J, (sc. 3op<£), ^f, ij, a dog's 

sHn; a helmet, a hat. 
Kwrryirtt, tSoj, '^, a huntress, 
icvi'iicof, 1^, ovy (K(na¥)i doglike; 6 

K., a C^nic. 
ISivxpiK, ovt ij, a great island of 
the Mediterranean in the an- 
gle between Kilikia and Syria, 
tiie seat of the worship of A- 
phrodite § 119. 
KvpiipaioSf OVf 6, an inhabitant 
of Kyrene, a Greek colony 
from Thera, capital of Kyre- 
naika, now Barca, the E. di- 
vision of Tripoli. 
KvpujpoLucSst ^) ^f't of Kyrene 

§156. 
mffuwiay ffUf to be master of, to 

seize, twos. 
KiL'ptos, o, w, {rb KCpoSf curia) ^ 
with power over, tiv6s § 17 
n. 21; valid. 
Kupiof, ov, d, a lord, a master. 
Kvpvos, ou, 6j a friend of Theo- 

gnis § 32 n. 13. 
KOpot, ov, 6. I. the great, the 
founder of the Persian mon- 
archy, and captor of Babylon, 
died B.C. 525. It is of him 
that we read in the Old Tes- 
tament and in Herodotos, and 
he is the hero of Xenophon's 
historical romance (the Kyro- 
paideia). ii. the younger; 
son of Dareios Nothos, whose 
TooBxuh. against his brother 
Artaxerxes, and death in the 
battle of Eunaxa, B.C. 401, are 
related in the Anabasis of 
Xenopbon. 
KUTw, wj, TO, (kvw, to coutain, 

CtttM), a hollow ; a vessel. 
Kvm, 6 and ij, i. dog, bitch; 
homid, generally fem.. ii. a 



Cynic, or dog-philosopher % 
157 n. U. 

KioKvriovy verbal adj., one must 
hinder. 

K(a\v(a, eta, to hinder. 

K(i>pi% ^s, 1^, a village. 

KiafwcoSf i/jj OP, comic. 

Kiofjufidloy as, ijy {Kurfioi, a revdl, 
[aJ. Kdjfiffy a village,] ^dw), co- 
medy. 

KibpcLovy ov, TO, hemlock-juice, a 
poison given to condemned 
criminals at Athens, e. g, to 
Sokrates. 

TLdiPffTaPTXpos, OV, 6, the first 
Christian emperor of Bome, 
bomA.D.274,died337. Here- 
stored Byzantion a.d. 330, and 
named it Eonstantinopolis. 

K(i)P(i)\l/, euros, ^, a gnat. > 

K(pos, a, oPf of Eos § 138. 

Ewf, (3, 4, an island of the Do- 
rian league in the Myrtoan 
sea, between Enidos and Ha- 
likamassos, now Ko or Stan- 
ehio. Hippokrates and A* 
pelles were natives of it. 

Kwt^tf i}, Wy deaf, dumb. 

\d^pa^, aKos, 6t (X(£)3pof), the 

sea-woll 
Aa^vpipdosj ov, 6f (IdbyriTtth) the 

maze built by Daidalos neat 

Gnossos, the abode of the 

Minotauros § 105. 
Aa70f, ov, 6, a Makedonian, 

father by Ar sinoe of Ptolemaios 

I. king of Egypt, § 56. 
XayxokPUy Xrj^ofJMii to obtain by 

lot; esp. to obtain an office by - 

lot; $Lk7ip Tiply to obtain leave 

to bring a suit against one. 
\ay(i>s, (6, 6y{lepti8yleveret)j ahare. 
Xa^pa, adv., {\ap0 av<a)j secretly; 

fi7iTp6s=clam matre § 102 

n. 6. 
Aal'of, ov, 6, king of Thebes, father 

of Oidipus. 

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298 



VOCABULART. 



Xa«^, i, W, {JLaevui), left; poetic 
word. 

AiCxOiro, 1ft, 1^, fern, of AcU:c#r, a 
Lakonian woman. 

Aftxedcu/A^Moc, wr, o2, the in- 
habitants of Lakedaimon, i e. 
of Sparta, or of Lakonia. 

JUx^nyf, ovt, 6, a Thehan, 
captain of a band sent by 
Artaxerxes Oohos to conquer 
Egypt fi§ 4, 102. 

X««wr«, «3. (Xii^)» to kick. 

Aa4ri}5i7?, oi/», 6, of Kyrene, be- 
came head of the Academic 
school B.C. 241 on the death 
of Arkesilas, and so continued 
26 years § 19. 

KaKiaw^ ijivoiy 6, a native of La- 
konia, the S.E. division of 
the Morea. 

KaK<avuc6i, i^, 6v, Lakonian. 

XoXiWy w, riau, {lull), to talk, to 
chatter. 

XaX/<rrarof , ij, or, superl. of XeC- 
\ot, or, talkative. 

Afl^/Mx^t *^^f ^^ Athenian com> 
mander, of great bravery and 
probity; in 415 B.C. he was 
one of the 3 generals of the 
(expedition against Sicily, and 
died before Syracuse b.o. 414 
§ 124. 

Xa/u/Sdrctf, \'^}//o/iaif to take, seize ; 
dlKfiPy to take satisfaction, 
mmere poenas ; to understand ; 
to detect § 100 n. 16; to get, 
to make money § 116 n. 39 ; 
midd, to lay hold of; x^</^'> 
by the hand ; 7^f , to gain § 119 
n. 12. 

XojurcCt, ddot, i/, (Xdjurw), a torch. 

AcUrts, tdot,^, a rich shipmaster 
of Aigina § 77. 

\tLfi.Tp6i, d, oy, {\dfirw)t bright 
§157; clear, keen, manifest, 
illustrious. 

Xa/txpdTrit, rjros, i}, brilUanoy, 
splendour. 



XoftTfwt, adv., bristly, 

ously § 114. 
XofiTTjip, ripoty A, a lig^ tkUm 
Xcufedwuft Xiiactf (imUo)^ to eeetpt 

notice | 68 n. 0; midd., to 

Aaop^ffwr, orror, 6, king of Troy, 
fatiMr of Priamos § 157. 

Xctirrca, }//(a, {lambo)^ to lap, to 
drain § 104 ad fin. 

XdiTtott a, oif, {lana)f shaggy. 

Xarofda, os, 17 (KSLs, H/jwof), a 
stone quarry § 146 n. 13. Late. 

Xar/9et^(d, <rw, (idolatry, latro- 
ctnor), to serve, to obey, to 
worship. 

Xa^wpa, wv, T(£, (Kaju^dt^u), spoils. 

Xdxawi, <w, rd, (XaxcUt^ta), pot- 
herbs; the vegetable market. 

X^/3i7i, lyrof. 6, (Xc/^w), a kettle, 
a pan. 

X^w, fw, (Lat. l<^o). I. to choose, 
(in this sense perl crXo^o, perf. 
pass. etXeyfiat, aor. pass. ^A^- 
7i7r); II. to say. to speak; e5 
X^etr Tti/(£, to speak well of 
one, (€0 dxoi^ia is used as pass.); 
to call, to mean, (in this sense 
perl pass. XAe7/tcac, aor. pass. 
iXiX^^i ^ most oompomids 
dyopei<a takes the place of 
Xiyu; ipw is used as fat., 
ef/nj/ca as perf., elirop as 
aor.). 

Xet/u&y, (avoty 6, a meadow. 

X^of, a, OP, (Lat. 2«vm), smooth, 
soft. 

Xetrr^or, verbal adj., one must 
leave. 

Xe/rw, ^(tf, (ec^pstf), to leave, 
quit; intrans., to fail. 

XtiTovpyiay as, ^, (Zitt/r^, Xcc^ 
and ipyop)j a public service; 
service of the gods § 24. 

X^f tf, €«t, 1^, (\iy<a, lexicon), die* 
tion, style § 68 ; a phrase. 

Xtomij, % ^, (sc. Sopd), a lien's 

plrin. 

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VOCABULARt. 



m 



Veovrtpot, ov, d, a native of Leon- 
tini, a city on the E. of Sicily, 
N. of Syracuse. 

weTrrdy, ij, 6v., (Kiwta, to peel), 
fine § 62 n. 8; thin, small, 
light, subtle. 

ietrrdTTjtj TjroSf ij, leanness, fine- 
ness, subtlety. 

\.€pvcuoSt At ov, of Lema, a lake 
on the coast of Argolis. 

\.€VK6Sf ifij 6vy {ltu;eo)i white. 

fLevKTpa, <av, rd, a town of Boe- 
otia famous for the defeat of 
the Spartans by Epameinon- 
das B.C. 371. 

KicjPy ovTos, 6, a lion. 

S.€ojpLSaSi ov or a, o, the Spartan 
king, who died at Thermopy- 
lai B.C. 480 § 142. 

MiYbjf ^<a, to cease. 

Ai^Sa, as, ^, bore to Tyndareus 
Elytaimnestra; to Zeus, He- 
lene, Kastor and Polydeukes. 

\i^0rif fjf, ij, forgetfulness. 

X^fifia^ aros, t6, (Xafi^ca, lem- 
ma) ^ gain. 

Ai/jfiPioSf a, OP, Lemnian, of Lem- 
nos, a volcanic island in the 
Aigaian sea (Archipelago), 
Bouth of Thasos. 

\ijpos, ovj 6, foolish talk, non- 
sense. 

Xximelay af, ^ piracy. 

X|7(m)f, ov, Of a pirate, a bucca- 
neer. 

Arrrib, oOs, ^, mother by Zeus of 
Apollo and Artemis. 

\lap, adv., exceedingly. 

XipaptarSs, 6v, 6, fnmkincense. 

Aip&rii V^j ^t Africa, esp. the N. 
coast W. of Egypt. 

Aipvs, voi, 6, a Libyan. 

Ai/9v<rrt*f6f, ij, 6i», Libyan. 

XLBoSi ov, 6, {megoXithic, litho- 
. tomy), a stone. 
X(/«i}f, 4vot, 6, a harbour, a re- 
fuge ; metaph. of the port of 
death § U5 n. 80. 



Xtupff, Tfs, if, (Kel^iS), a lake. 

}ufi6i, ov, 6, hunger, famine; a 
starveling § 136 n. 9. 

yjipop, ov, t5, (linum), a thread; 
cloth. 

\nrap6s, d, 6p, {\lira), oily, sleek, 
bright, rich; rd X., oily dishes. 

Xtrdu), Att. a), to be sleek. 

\tT6T7fi, 17x01, ijj plainness. 

Xoyltofjuu, tov/jLou, to reckon, con- 
sider, infer. 

X67tof, a, OP, eloquent; oompar., 

ii)T€pOS § 53. 

\oyi<rfi6f, ov, 6, oonsideiraticQy 
reasoning, reason. 

h6yot, ov, ^ (theology, lo^mnA' 
thy, l&gic), a word, a saying ; 
speech; a speech; reason, 
esteem, account; iXOeXp ds 
\&yovs nvL, to engage in con- 
versation with; 6 iyrrajp X. 
§ 46 n. 21; Kard \byop TTJt 
dZuclas, in proportion to § 82 ; 
eU fXLadov \6yop § 116 n, 11. 

\oidop4(a, Att. (3, i^ina, to abuse> 
to rail 

Xot^t^s, oO, 6, a plague. 

\oit6s, ij, OP, (Xciirw), remaining ; 
rd X., for the future. 

\ol<rdios, Of OP, left behind^ 
last. 

KoKpoi, &p, ol, a Greek tribe, 
settled in various places, esp. 
the A. ^OvovPTioi., on the E. 
coast of Greece opposite Eu- 
boia; and the A. 'O^iXat on 
the gulf of Orisa, adjoining 
AitoUa § 93. 

Xof J$, ij, 6v, cross, Lat. obliquus; 
at right angles § 127 n. 27. 

Xoxds, ddos, ii, a dish. 

AovKiopos, ov, 6, of Samosata, in 
Kommagene, flourished under 
the Antonines and Gommo- 
dus. Li his numerous writ- 
ings he satirises the vices and 
follies, the hypocrisy and bar^ 
barism of his age, its phUoso* 

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800 



rOGABULART. 



phy, religion, literature and 

manners. 
XoiJw, flee X^. 
Xd0of, ov, 6, the neck ; the ridge 

of a hiU § 52. 
XoxttTOf, oO. i, a captain, the 

commander of a company (X^ 

Xo«, Att. <3, (tovo, diluo), \o6ffw, 
to wash ; midd., to hathe. 

Airyicei/f, ius, d, an Argonaut, of 
miraoulonsly keen sight. 

Av8/a, as, ^, a district on the 
W. coast of Asia Minor, S. of 
Mysia, W. of Phrygia^ N. of 
Karia; its capital was Sardis 
§§ 23, U3. 

A«/«o(, wp, oly the Lydians 

AvKeiop, ov, TO, a gymnasium at 
Athens, the resort of rheto- 
ricians and philosophers, esp. 
of the Peripatetic (Aristote- 
lian) school. 

A vKtos, a, OK, Lykian, i. e. of Lykia, 
a_p6ninsula in the S. of Asia 
Mmor, between Earia and 
Pamphylia, S. of Phiygia and 
Pisidia. 

XvKoSy ov, d, (lycanthropy, Lat. 
lupiu), a wolf. 

AvKovpyos, ov, 6, I. King of the 
Edonians § 93. n. The legis- 
lator of Sparta. 

AvKupevs, i<at, 6, I. A peak of 
mount ParnasoB in Phokis. 
11. A surname of Apollo. 

Xvfiaivofiai, to outrage, to spoil, 
to hurt. 

XvWw, Att. (3, ^(Tw, to grieve, to 
dis^ss ; midd., to be sad. 

\{firri, lyj, 4 pain, sorrow. 

\vTrip6s, (£, 6y, painful, trouble- 
some. 

Xvinypwj, adv., with pain ; X. Ix«f 
it is painful § 51 n. 9. 

Xvpa, as, if, a lyre. 

Awrowdpos, ov, d, a crafty Spar- 



tan commander* at tiie end d 
the Peloponnesian war; sur- 
prised the Athenian fleet it 
Aigospotamos b. c. 405, to(^ 
Athens and levelled the walls 
B.C. 404 §§ 44, 135. 

Avfflfxaxos, ov, 6, one of Alexan- 
der's generals, distinguished 
in the Indian campaigns. 
After Alexander's death he 
had the government of Thrace, 
and assumed the title of Mug. 
In alUance with Selenkos he 
defeated Antigonos at Ipsos 
B. 0. 301; and after varions 
wars with Demetrios PoUor- 
ketes, died in battle at Kotos 
in Phrygia, B.C. 281 § 156. 

AvaiTTOs, ov, 6, the only statuair 
to whom Alexander would sit 
§ 65 n. 44; his statue of Op- 
portunity gave rise to the pro- 
verb ' Take time by the fore- 
lock.' 

XvirirOiico, Att. (?, 'qo'ta, to be 
profitable. 

Xvxpos, ov, 6, plur. oi or a, ft 
lamp. 

Xwa, ffta, (Lat. luo, dilute), to 
loose, unyoke, set free, dis- 
solve, destroy, atone for. 

XwTodvTita, Att. <3, ^o-w, (XcSros, 
raiment, 5v<a, to put on), to 
steal clothes, to plunder. 

XtpffTos, 7f, ov, best, see dyaBoi, 

fiay€tpuc6st ^, dv, belonging to a 
cook; if fi. [rix^Ti), cookery. 

fidyetpoi, ov, 6, {fxdadrw, fia^a), a 
cook. 

fiayeia, ffa, to endbant; to 
poison. 

/iafa,af, ij, (/*<£TTw),barley-lnread 
§ 88 n. 14. 

fiadfifia, aros, ro, {mathematiesjt 
a lesson, learning, science. 

/idSriins, etas, if, learning, educa- 
tion. 



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VOCABULARY. 



301 



pta$rrr4ov, yerb. adj., one must 

learn. 
pia$7iTi/jSf oO, 6, a learner, a pnpil. 
lAatydsj dSos, 17, {/jLolvo/JLai), a 

raving woman; a Bacchante, 

fanatic priestess of Bacchus. 
fMilvofjiau, fAoyovfiaif {maniac), to 

be mad, to rage. 
ftdxap, apos, 6 and ^, (also 9} 

/Mi.Kaipa)y happy, blessed; ol 

/A^, the blessed gods, or the 

blessed dead. 
fiaxapi^ta, iw, to deem happy, 

to felicitate, rivd twos. Gf. 

fiaxapioSf a, ov=fAdKap. cSfMKapie, 
my excellent friend 1 

'M-aKcdovia, as, ^, a territory of 
Greece, W. of Thrace, S. of 
Paionia, E. of Dlyricum, N. 
of Thessaly. 

IMLaKtSdiP, 6voij 6, a Makedonian. 

fjMKp6pios, Wy long-lived. 

fiaKpo\oy(i<a,Ati, w, i;<r(u, to speak 
long. 

fxoKpSs, a, oPtifirJKoSf macrocosm), 
long, of time or space; far, 
deep, large ; fiaxpi^ with com- 
par., by far; fxaKpdvy far. 

fidXa, adv., very, exceeding ; koI 
fA.% 157 n.l7; compar. fxSXKoy, 
more, rather ; superl. fjiaXurra, 
most, especially; Sri p.,=quam 
maxime; with numbers, about. 

fjLoKaKla, as, ij, softness, well- 
ness. 

/AaXaKOf, 17, 6y, {molliSf mulceo), 
soft, easy, weak, effeminate. 

fidKaK6TTis, rp-os, ij, softness, 
effeminacy. 

fiaXdaKoSf 17, oV,=/iaXaic<Jf, most- 
ly poetic. 

gxTl - /»'^«. 

pApSpUy as, -/i, (Lat. mandray 
archimandrite) f a stable § 107. 

M(£n7$, ousy 6, a slave's name 
§ 145 n. 27. 



/uufOdvufy fMLBriffofJUU, {u7Jrris)t to 
learn, to imderstand. 

fuuday af, ^, {maniac), madness, 
enthusiasm. 

fioPTtiop, ov, T6y an oracle. 

fwyT€6op.at, to prophesy, to 
guess ; to consult an oracle. 

ptayrtKSsy iff 6vy prophetic; moi^ 
Ttic^, 4», 1^, (sc. rix^ii), divi- 
nation. 

Hoyrfyeia, af, 1}, an ancient city 
in the W. of Arkadia, on the 
confines of Argolis, famous 
for three battles ; i. b. 0. 418, 
in which the Spartans de- 
feated the allies of Athens; 
u. B. c. 862 in which Epamei- 
nondas defeated the Spartans 
and died § 129 n. 14; in. 
B. 0. 206, in which Philopoi- 
men and the Achaian league 
defeated the Spartans. 

fidPTiSy €(as, 6, {fMipofiat)y a seer, 
a prophet. 

"iiapaStaPy Sjvos, 6, a village on 
the E. coast of Attica N.E. 
of Athens, famous for the 
defeat of the Persians imder 
Datis and Artaphemes b.c. 
490, by the Athenians and 
1000 Plataians, under Milti- 
ades. The mounds, under 
which the Athenians and 
Plataians are buried, can still 
be traced § 155 n. 86. 

"HapSwios, ou, 6y a Persian gen- 
eral, son-in-law of Dareios 
Hystaspis, slain at Plataiai 
B.C. 479 §133. 

Haperi^s, ov, 6, i. son of Olym- 
pos, a Phrygian Silenos, who 
challenged ApoUo to a mu- 
sical contest, was defeated 
and flayed; 11. a river of 
Phrygia, flowing into the 
Maiandros. 

fMLpTvpitay Att. (3y -fiffu), to bear 
witness, to testify. 

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302 



VOCABULARY. 



ftofiT^pofioi, vpodfioit to call to 

witDdBS, to invoke. 
lUifiTvtf vpot, i ftnd ij, (martyr), 

a witness. 
fUkffiofAOi, Att. unai^ (L&i» man- 

dere, nttUa)^ to chew. 
Ma^<ra7^rttt, wr, ol, a Skythian 

nomad tribe, between the 

Caspian and the sea of Aral. 
Mirr(#. {«, to knead. 
^lo^reiJw, (Tcrf, to seek after, to 

crave. ^ _ 

^trnyhu, Att. w, ti<rw, *<> Aog- 

Miraiof, 0, oi', or of, a^, vain, 

idle, wanton. 
Mdnp, adv.. in vain, at random, 

Mitt. -. i>^y^^^it 

!a to him the monument 
hl« which the name Mau- 
X» hM be*" *PP"»* *° 
:n. M»Softhewor^of 
ITUu it have lately been 

K» »<» *^'' ^"'"^ ^"" 

ir». r* (lo8<"»«"'y)' » 
^SHr*-. or ...or. waxlike. 

uf;:^!!';!^.«M''-'.'fc')> fight, 

^:-;^ Mi. .. ,vm to 
Jp:^^^is ^^ "t.gmfloent 

M1^flUllft, the 



small district between Attb 
and Korinthia; the lazti^ 
phiee of Theognis and tit 
philosopher Eukleides. 

UeyapeOt, iun^ 6, a Megarisn. 

tUyat, fieydXf^ ,Uya, {mkU 
mighty, magnus, mah&rh\fk\ 
great, mighty, strong, is- 
portant ; compar. /jid^w, k\ 
perl, fi&yurros; ij jateyaKjf ri^ 
Xtf , Megalopolis, a cily in At- 
kadia, formed after the bstde 
of Lenktra b. c. 371, by tiai 
nnion of 38 villages, td 
completed b.c. 368; destwf 
ed by Kleomenes b.c. 344; 
the birth-place of Polybioi 
and Philopoimen. Xtsthes^ 
of which there are somt 
remains, was the largest is 
Greece. 

fiiycOot, ovSf TOf size, gzeatneA 
quantity. 

fUytaroSt see fiiyas. 

fU9i/u^os, oil, o, the Attic com 
measure =6 modii or peeks. 

M^Souo-a, i;y, i), one of ti» 
Gorgons; whoever looked as 
her face, wreathed with snakes, 
was changed into stone. Sbe 
was beheaded by Perseus. 

fi€$\ i e. fierd. 

fi^drj, 17?, 17, {^$v), drtmkenness; 
strong dnnk. 

ftedirjfUt rffftaf to let loose, to 
drop, discharge, desert, for- 
give; midd., to let go one's 
hold of, TWOS* 

fieOla-nifUy fi€Ta<rTTJ<rci)j to trans* 
pose, remove; midd., with 
perf . and 2 aor. act., to change 
one's place or state; to cease 
from, TO'os; to alter. 

fiedOuty ffu, {/jiidv, mead), to be 
drunk. 

fieltup, see niyas. 

fieipaKioff ov, rSf a stripling. 

fxdfiOfMif i/Mipot ixopoi), to receive 

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VOCABULARY. 



303 



as one's portion; etfxafyrat (and 
elfiapTo)^ it is (was) decreed. 
veLcjVy ov, § 46, (fiivvdtaf minor), 

compar. of fAixpoi. 
c^XaOpw, ow, if a house, gen. in 

plur. 
jL€\aiv6Taros, see fiiXas* 
^eXd/ixous, odoSf b, a legendary 
physician and seer; his cures 
were wrought by mysterious 
offerings and expiations; to 
liimwas ascribed the establish- 
ment of the worship of Dio- 
nysos ; after his ears had been 
purged by serpents, he could 
understand the voice of ani- 
mals, and foretell the future 
§ 67. 
^cXoyiinros, ov, <J, one of the 
Theban heroes, who defended 
the city against Polyneikes 
and the Seven § 146. 
/AAas, cuva, ap, black, dark, 
compar. /ieXavrc/>os; superl.;u6- 
Xdyraros, or (rare) /icXatyo- 
rarotf as if from /leXaty'os* 
/LteXerdoi, Att. u), T^ffu, (meditor), 

to practise. 
fjL€\iTfjt risj ij, practice, exercise. 
M^Xi/ros, ou, 6, a feeble tragic 
poet, satirisedbyAristophanes, 
one of the accusers of So- 
krates § 66 n. 24. 
fUXei, fieXififfei, impers. verb, fwl 
TWOS or irepl riposj I care about 
something; dXLyop /jm /ii\ei, I 
' don't much care. 
fiiXif iToSf T<^, {mel, muUum), ho- 

■ Jiey* 

fieXLot as, ^, the ash; an ashen 

. spear § 132. 

"SlekLK^pTTjij ovy o, sonof Athamas 
and Ino, changed into the sea- 
god Falaimon. 

IxiXirra, 175, ifj (ftAt), the honey- 
bee. 

/tAXw, 'fi<Tu>, to be about to do, 

i with fut. or (rarely) pres. inf.; 



to be destined; to delay; rl 
d' 06 fi^KKu ; why should I not? 
=to be sure I do; rb /UXKWy 
the future. 

fjLeXoTwtay asy ^, composition in 
verse and tune, jpoetrj and 
music. 

fUXost out, rbf (melody) f i. in 
plur., limbs; 11. a song; lyric 
poetry; a tune. 

lidfipcjvj 0V09, 6, son of Tithonos 
and Eos, an ally of Priamos. 

M^/Lt0(s, €(ai or tSof, ^, once the 
capital of Egypt, on the W. 
bank of the Nile, 10 miles S. 
of Cairo. In the neighbour- 
hood are the three largest py- 
ramids. 

fiifjupoiJUUj xl/ofiaif to blame, rivL 

fidvt a particle denoting that the 
clause in which it stands is 
correlative to a following 
clause, which has mostly bi, 
sometimes dXXof or another 
particle, corresponding to the 
flip. Sometimes fiip — 64= 
quidem — tam£n,it is true, —but 
still; as well, — ^as also; 6 fiiu 
— b 5i, the one, — ^the other. 
See di. ■ Often /xip is not to 
be translated. 

M^vatxMos, oVf 6f a geometrician 
§ 138. 

Mipopbposi 01;^ d, the chief poet 
of the new comedy at Athens. 
Four of his plays remain in 
Terence's Latin and nume- 
rous fragments in the ori- 
ginal. 

MevAewj, w, (or Mcv^Xaof, ov), 
<J, son of Atreus, brother of 
Agamemnon, husband of He* 
lene. 

fiipToi, {fUp Toi), still; to be 
sure; in questions § 125 
n.ll. 

fUpta, pQ, (maneo), to remain, 
abide, await. 

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S04 



70CABULART. 



/ufHfA^dM, Att. a, ^M, to care 

for, to be full of oare. 
U€p6inh V, ^. daughter of Kyp- 
selo8» wife of Kresphontes 
§124. 
tUpot, out, t6, {fiHpofiai), a part, 
share, turn; di^d fM^pos or ip 
lUpeiy by turns; icarA iJ^ipoi^ 
severally. 
lUiniyL^pia, at, ^, (/i^<roj, ^M^po, 
cf . for the /S, Fr. comble from 
CttmuZtu, numftcr from nume- 
rm\y I. mid-day, Lat meridUt; 
n. the South. 
fic<r*7ei0f, a, or, inland, interior; 

generally ^ /*. (xt^pa). 
fi^«-ot, n, o¥j middle, m the midst, 
\mediu8, mid), of place, time, 
quantity or condition; t6 /t., 
the midst, the mean ; ippdyrj 
fUffos, burst aeunder in the 
midst. 
luff^ris, nrot, «. a mean, m ma- 
thematics § 47 n.l4 ; in ethics= 
mediocritas, the golden mean 
between excess and defect. 
M€<r<Tiii'toi, WF, oZ, the inhabitants 
of Messenia, the S. W. region 
of Peloponnesos, S. of Elis 
and Arkadia, W. of Lakonia. 
fie(TT6sj -fij 6v, full, Tiy6s. 
^(Twf, adv., moderately; 06 jii- 
<rwj, not a little ; /*. ix^of, to 
lie in the mean. 
fier\ see jierd. 

fierd, prep., among, i. with 
gen., among, with, by aid of; 
fAer' dXXiJXwv, with one ano- 
ther; fi€Td,ppovTCjp, withthun- 
derings; /act* MptSyiriap eti^ai, 
to be among men; /ler' <J/>7^J, 
in wrath; <i p-erd twos, one's 
companions, one's party, one's 
troops. II. with ace., after, 
to fetch, in quest of; after, 
next to, of place or time; /act' 
od ToXiJ, no long time after 
§ 154 n. 2; fAcr' dUyov, shortly; 






lue' litUpop, after dawn, 
day; rd m^tA raOra, thne- 
after. 
/urajSdXXw, Xw, to tarn about, 
to change ; midd., to exchange. 
/iera/3oXi^ ^, '^ change, ex- 
change, trafiSc. 
p,eTay€r^, ^j, bom after; olf«- 
ray€¥4ffT€poi, posterity. 

fteraSMtrdM, Att. a>, to chfli^ 
one's way of life. Xjate woid. 

fitraZiSvfu, Stibcta, to give a share, 
Ttvl rtwf or Ttr£ rt» 

pktTouciPiw, Att. O, i^oy, to shift; 
to change. 

pktTaKap.pdv(o, X'^xpofteUy to pu- 
take of, rti^f ; to take in ex- 
change, to change; to tab 
afterwards. 

/leraXXirrw, ^01, to exdiange; to 
take in exdiange; to quit, e.g* 
rhv pLow, to die. 

/ieraA/iAeca,as,^, change of mind, 
repentance. 

fjt£Tap.<f>Uwviu, to put other 
clothes on a man ; midd., to 
change clothes with, ti^L 

/Ltero^iJ, adv., {ficrd), between, 
meanwhile ; pueraZ^ Xiytar, 
while speaking § 102 n. 1; also 
as prep, with gen., between. 

/leraToUa, Att. w, rfo-tj, to alter; 
midd., to claim, tipSs. 

f»ercurrpi<f>(a, ^w, to turn round, 
to change. 

/Ltera^vrctkii, <ru, to transplant. 

p€Taxd(rK<a, xf^^f^^* ^^^V^f ^ 
yawn with another. 

M^eXXoj, ov, o', Q. Caecilins M. 
Pius, consul B.C. 80 with Sul- 
la; commanded in the war 
against Sertorius § 120. 

/Lter^w, ficOi^w, to share with, 
Tip6s TtPi or ri run. 

/uTctapi^u, lb), to raise on high; 
to excite; pass., to float in 
mid-air. 

p.tr4fapos, op, i^Uor)^ high in 



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VOCABULARY. 



305 



a!r; in suspense; rh. fi,, the 
lieaTenly bodies. 

ftu^TfKQt, Of or, moderate, tole- 
rable. 

pxrpliaty adv., moderately, tem- 
perately, fairly; od /k., consi- 
derably. 

fitirpop, ov, r^ (metres Lat . metior), 
a measure § 137; a rule or 
standard ^ 63, 97; Terse. 

fjATiaicoPy ov, r^, forehead, face. 

fniXfX't tuid before a Towel fUxP^s, 
MKot). I. prep, with gen., 
jiUxpit oC, until; /*. rtroj, how 
long? with numbers, up to. 
II. conj., until. 

fi'/jt a dependent negative parti- 
cle, used in conditional and 
final clauses, with the impe- 
rat. and conjunctive when 
used in prohibitions § 103 n. 
. 2, and with the inf. ; el fii/i, 
unless ; &a /ti}, Cn fiii, lest, = 
Lat. ne; fiii ^eOdov, lie not; 
after verbs of prohibition etc. 
/lij is not expressed in EngL 
§ 114 n. 13; on ftij after verbs 
of fearing = Lat. n€ see § 127 
n. 2; on oi fiii % 139 n. 6; on 
li-fl oO § 119 n. 15. As inter- 
rogative particle /ai^ = Lat. 
num, 
fi,f]^apuaf^ adv., in no way. 
/t^, but not, and not, also no^ 

not even = Lat. ne — quidem. 
TdiSeia, a; , ^, (pii}5o/icu, t. e* the 
inventive), daughter of Aietes. 
king of Kolchis, who procured 
for Jason the golden fleece, 
and became his wife. Her 
revenge upon him for his de- 
sertion is the subject of the 
play of Euripides. She is the 
great example of a powerful 
witch § 145. 
HilMft firiBe/ua, firfHp, firiSeySsj 
(fjLij^, etj), no one; firiSiv, no- 
thing, not at all. 



fjLrjB^irore, adv., never. 

IXTfiivta^ adv., not yet. 

Miy5uoj, 1$, 6r, Median ; rk M., 
the Persian war. 

M'^oc, wv, oi, the people of Me- 
dia, a coimtry N. of Susiana 
and Persis, W. of Hyrkimia 
and Parthia, S. of the Cas- 
pian, E. of Armenia and As- 
syria. It had for some time 
the rule over the Persians, 
but was subdued by Eyros I. 
B.O. 559. Capital, Ekbatana. 

fii^Kunot, If, OP, (/a^jcm), used as 
superl. of /uucpbtt tallest, great- 
est, longest; rb ft,^ at the ut- 
most. 

/K^Kor, ovs, t6, {fioKpSs, /(f/a$), 
length of space or time ; tall- 
ness, greatness; t6 /&., in 
length. 

IMIK<)P(a, vpQf toleng&en, extend, 
delay. 

firiKi&t, ddos, ^, (sc. 7^, an ash- 
coloured earth from the isle 
of Melos^ mixed by painters 
with their colours §107. Lat. 
melinum, 

fi^Xop, ov, t6 (Lat. mdlvm), an 
apple. 

/ii^y, adv., used in asseverations, 
surely, of a truth; ^ /ai}i», of a 
surety, a form used in oaths ; 
Koi fi^f and yet, moreover; 
well. 

/I'^Pf p6st 6, (Lat. meruUt moon), 
a month. 

firjpvT^s, ovt 6, an infofmer. 

fnp^^ta, <r(tf, to reveal, betray, in- 
form. 

/I'^ore, adv., never. 

/i-iivu, adv., not yet. 

fiVP^op, ow, t6, in plur. ri n., the 
thigh-bones, wrapt in fot and 
burnt as a sacrifice. 

fA'fyre — fiT^jre, neither — ^nor. 

f^^VPi TP^5» (fnateft Germ. Mut- 
ter\ a mother. 

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306 



VOCABULARY. 



Miirtoxoff w, 6, § 79 n. 8. 

fiifrpiroXis, «ws, i}, {meiropolii)^ 
the mother-state, home» capi- 
tal. 

nrrrpvid, fit, ij, {fiilrnip)^ a step- 
mother. 

firixamofMLtf Att. Qfuu, ijcofiatf 
to construct, devise, take mea- 
sures. 

nuiehination), a contrivance, 
device, engine. 

/x/a, see elt. 

fiiaiyu, ajf&f to stain, defile, pol- 
lute. 

tdywufu, ^(ay(inUceo,GeTm.mi8ch' 
en), to mix, mingle, to bring 
near to ; midd., to associate 
with, have intercourse with. 

M/«as, ov or o, 6, king of Phry- 
gia, who prayed to Dionysos 
that whatever he touched 
might become gold; when his 
food also became gold, he 
prayed that the boon might 
be recalled. 

tiucposy <£, 6v, (mujfooosm, micro- 
scope), small, little, petty; 
fUKpbv ^crepoVf a little after; 
Karik fUKpop, by degrees; xopd 
lUKpov, within a little ; pjt,Kpod 
heiPf or fiiKpou alone, so as to 
want but little, all but Gom- 
par. and superl. regular; also 
i\d(rff(in>i i\dxt<rroSf from Aa- 
Xvs ; fieitjv, {fietaTos, very rare) . 

M(Xi}(rtos, a, op, of Miletos, a city 
of Karia, famous for its citi- 
zens, Thales, Anaximander, 
etc., and for its numerous co- 
lonies, esp. Qn the shores of 

' the Black Sea* After being 
j(ack^ by the Persians b.c. 
494, it lost its former great- 
ness. 

MtXrittSiyj, ow, o, the Athenian 
commander at Marathon, B.C. 
490. 



MiX(tfr, (opos, 6, an athlete of 
Eroton, said to baye borne an 
ox over the course at Olympia 
and to have eaten it in one 
day § 94. 

fufiio/iai, Att. ovfULL, 'fja-ofiaty (aiC- 
metic, mimic, pantomime), to 
imitate, to act. 

fufurfiirKta, fuf^u, to remind; 
midd., to remember, esp. the 
pcorf. lUturnfiai, rtvot, dL me- 
mini; to mention, in aor. i/k- 
piliffOfp'. 

pliuna, redupl. poetic form of 
iUpw, 

^tvOou, (Spj o{, an Aiolian tribe, 
whichfounded apowerfnl state 
in Boeotia, with Orchomenos 
for the capital. 

M/vb)}, 07,0, son of Zens and 
Europe, king of Krefe, after 
death a judge in the lower 
world. 

'M.lP^iTavpoSf ov, 6, a monster in 
Krete, half bull, balf man, 
slain by Theseus. 

fu<r4<ti, Att. (3, •fiffia, (mwanthrope), 
to hate. 

/iL(r66s, ov, o, (Germ, miethen^ to 
lure), pay, reward; ivl pua0<f, 
for pay. 

/iiff$o<p6poi, OP, serving for bire; 
ol Aft., mercenaries. 

fju(r$6w, Att. (3, (ixrw, to let, Lat 
locare; midd. , to hire, to con- 
tract for, Lat. conducere, 

puffoyvpla, as, 17, {misogyny), ha- 
tred of women^ Late word. 

fuffos, ovt, t6, hatred. 

fiirpa, a J, ij, (mitre), ahead-band, 
snood, worn by Greek women; 
a turban. 

fufd, as, ii, (Lat. mina), a som of 
money, about £4= 100 drach- 
mae; 60 Aivai=a talent. 

fJunjpM, arcs, ) to, (fupLP^<rK<a), a 

ixp-niieiop, ov, } memorial, a fu- 
neral monument. 

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VOCABULARY. 



307 



inhljfMit nf* iy <^ remembrance, 

memory, mention. 
panifiopejlfia, <r<i), to mention, to 

remember. 
^7f^T€6(a, to WOO) betroth. 
lunior'fiPf rjpost ^» (ai»'<2/*cu), a sui- 
tor. 
jjuHpa, asj rji (a^^^ou)) ft portion, 
one's lot, destiny; personified, 
the goddess of Doom. 
fA6\'o, conjmictive aor. of the 

epic verb /S\c£<rKw, to come. 
/4^\ts, adv., hardly, scarcely. 
fMi^apxicL, as, i}, {monarchy, dpxv), 

sovereignty. 
/Mi^s, a$of, 71, (fiivoSf monad), 

the number one. 

fwiniy rjs, i}, 0^i/«), a stay, delay. 

lAwofiax^^i (■'t V<^<^i ^^ fight in 

single combat; to fight as a 

gladiator. 

jMHfOfidxos, ov> 6, a gladiator 

§ 110. 
pMforiiCKos, or, wearing a single 

sandal. 
fjuivos, fjj OP, alone, solitary, sin- 
gle; fiovov, adv., only; oO /*. — 
dXKi, KaL, not only — ^but also ; 
fjMvw oit, tantum non, all but. 
ji4>pla, a$, -n, in plur., the olives 
sacred to Athene in the cita- 
del of Athens § 4; also the 
sacred olives in the Academy. 
ft6piov, ov, t6, {/Aopos), a portion. 
pJ^poi,ov,6, {jidpoimCj, fate, doom, 

death. 
"HopirifMS, ov, 6, a Trachinian 

§71. 
fju)p4>7i,^s,'fi, (anihxGpomorphitm; 
Lat. forma t), form, appear- 
ance, kind. 
Mo(ri$roi#co(, (ow, o2, savages on the 
coast of Pontes, between the 
Chalybes and the Tibareooi. 
They tattooed themselves § 
94. 
nhffxnf, ov, 6 and i} a young 
bull, a heifer. 



"M-oOffo, fis, 1^, (Miua), one of the 
nine goddesses of poetry and 
song, daughters of Zeus and 
Mnemosyne ^ 3, 37. 

lAOvaa, Tfs, •^, music, song, refine* 
ment. 

'Hovarry^Vif ov, o*, leader of the 
Muses § 86. 

jMVffiK'fi, 7f5, 17, (sc. rix*ri)y music 
and song, the fine arts, accom- 
plishment, education; fem. of 
fiovffiKos, rj, 6», musical, ac- 
complished, scholarlike; well- 
bred § 99. 

/uox^^o;, Att. (3, T^ffia, {ft6x^os), to 
be weary with toil ; to perform 
with labour. 

pMX^rfpia, at, rj, badness, wicked^ 
ness. 

/wx^VP^^i A? ^t miserable, worth> 
less, wicked. 

fioxBririopy verbal adj., one must 
toil. 

IMx^oi, ov, 6, (fUyts), toil, hard- 
ship. Poetic word. 

paiipos, ov, 6, a red-hot mass, 
generally of iron. 

pLveXos, ov, 6, marrow. 

fiv4ofMi, Att. ovfiat, (mystic), to 
be initiated; rd pt^dKa, into 
the great mysteries. 

ptv0oypd<^t, ov, 6, a writer of 
fables or legends. 

pi.v$okoy4(a, Att. (a, ii<r(a, {mythO' 
logy); to tell legends, to re- 
count. 

PlGSos, ov, 6, {mythy mythical), a 
speech, a story, a legend. 

pivui, as, Att. pi6a, (musca, Germ. 
MUeke, Engl, midge), a fly. 

Mvic^rat, Sp, al, the capital city 
of Agamemnon, in Argolis. 
Bemains of its Kyklopic walls 
still exist. 

ptifKJis, fiTos, 6, a mushroom 
§ 149.- 

piVKTTJpn ijpos, 6, the nose; the 
elephant's trunk § 51. 
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298 



VOCABULART. 



\mAt, d, if, {laevui), left; poetic 
word. 

AiCxOiro, 1ft, 1^, fern, of AcU:c#r, a 
Lakonian woman. 

AaxedaifUHoi, wr, o2, the in- 
habitants of LaJcedaimon, L e. 
of Sparta, or of Lakonia. 

jLtucpdrris, ovt, 6, a Thehan, 
captain of a band sent by 
Artaxerxes Ochas to conquer 
Egypt fi§ 4, 102. 

XmieHi:u, mS, (Xi^, to kick. 

AMtcuirfSf ovt, 0, of Eyrene, be- 
came head of the Academic 
school B. c. 241 on the death 
of Arkesilas, and so continued 
26 years § 19. 

AcLkuv^ (avoij 0, a native of La- 
konia, the S.E. division of 
the Morea. 

AaK(apuc6st rj, 6wj Lakonian. 

XaX^w, w, riffUt {lull), to talk, to 
chatter. 

XaX/<rrarof , if, or, superl. of XeC- 
\9t, wf, talkative. 

Adixaxot, ov, an Athenian com> 
mander, of great bravery and 
probity; in 415 b.c. he was 
one of the 3 generals of the 
expedition against Sicily, and 
died before Syracuse b.o. 414 
§ 124. 

Xa/u/Sdrw, Xi^^o/uot, to take, seize ; 
SlKTjtf, to take satisfaction, 
sumere poenas ; to understand ; 
to detect § 100 n. 16 ; to get, 
to make money § 116 n. 39 ; 
midd., to lay hold of; x^t/>^^ 
by the hand ; 7^, to gain § 119 
n. 12. 

XojurcCt, ddot, 1/, (Xdjurw), a torch. 

AiiMTiiy tdof,^, a rich shipmaster 
of Aigina § 77. 

Xa/ir/M$;, d, 6^, {XdfiTv), bright 
§157; clear, keen, manifest, 
illustrious. 

XBLM''fp&rrft, fjTos, 1}, brilliancy, 
splendour. 



XoftrpiSty adv., brightly, 

ously § 114. 
XofiTTjIp, ripos, A, a li^t, A; 
Xcu^clwta, Xiicu, (imteo), io e 

notice | 68 n. 0; jnidd., t) 

Aaop^ffwr, 0rr»s, d, king of Tioj, 
father of Priamos § 157. 

Xorrw, ^ctf, (lanibo)^ to lap, to 
drain § 104 ad fin. 

\dciot, a, or, {land), shaggy. 

Xarofda, as, 17 (Xaj, W/ir«), i 
stone quMTy § 146 n. 13.1^- 

XarpeOuf, eta, {idolatry, hUro- 
cinor), to serve, to obey, to 
worship. 

Xa^wpo, fcw, rd, (Xajx/Sdvta), spoils. 

Xdxara, w, rd, {XaxcUyta), pot- 
herbs; the vegetable market. 

X^jSiff, ifTOJ, 6, (Xe^w), aketUe, 
a pan. 

Xiyuf, fw, (Lat. lego), i. to phoose. 
(in this sense perf. erXo^o, peri 
pass. etXeyfjMi, aor. pass. ^X^- 
7171') ; II. to say, to speak; ^ 
X^etr Tipd, to speak well of 
one, (€1/ dicoi/cu is used as pa8&); 
to call, to mean, (in this sense 
pert pass. X^Xey/iai, aor. pass. 
iXix^^i u^ most compoonds 
dyope^v takes the place of 
Xiyv; ipQ is used as fat, 
el^ififa as pert, etToif as 
aor.). 

Xet^M^, (opoi, 6, a meadow. 

Xetof, a, OP, (Lat. levis), smooth, 
soft. 

XeiTT^op, verbal adj., one must 
leave. 

Xelvu, }p(a, (eGlipse), to leave, 
quit; intrans., to fail. 

XtiTovpyla, oj, if, {liturgy, X«6j 
and ipyop), a public service; 
service of the gods § 24. 

X^f if, €«s, 1^, (X^w, lexicon), die* 
tion, style § 53 ; a phrase. 

Xewrni, ^, ^, (sc. 3o/mI), a hon'fl 

plrin. 

Digitized by Google 



VOCABULARY. 



'29S 



covTiPos, ov, 6^ a native of Leon- 
-tini, a city on the E. of Sicily, 
N. of Syracuse. 
B-n-rdif ij, 6Vf (Kiwca, to peel), 
fine § 62 n. 8; thin, small, 
light, snbtle. 

strrdTTftj TjTos, ^, leanness, fine- 
ness, subtlety. 

epycuosj a, oVf of Lema, a lake 
on the coast of Argolis. 
evKdSy i/ji 6Pf (ltu;eo)t white. 
.evKTpOt ijiv, rdi a town of Boe- 
otia famous for the defeat of 
the Spartans by Epameinon- 
das B.C. 371. 
.^cav, ovToSf Of a lion. 
i.€ojifidaSj ou or a, o, the Spartan 
king, who died at Theimopy- 
lai B.C. 480 § 142. 
i/i^d), lay, to cease. 
Vi^Sa, aSf ^, bore to Tyndareus 
Klytaimnestra; to Zeus, He- 
lene, Kastor and Polydeukes. 
<ift0rjf V^i ^. forgetfulness. 
KTjpifjMt aros, t6, {\aftp<bf(a, lem- 
ma) ^ gain. 
iLi^fiyioSf a, op, Lemnian, of Lem- 
nos, a volcanic island in the 
Aigaian sea (Archipelago), 
south of Thasos. 
X^pos, 01/, 6, foolish talk, non- 
sense. 
X|prre/a, of, ^ piracy. 
Xttoti^s, ouj 6y a pirate, a bucca- 
neer. 
Arp-iif, oOj, ify mother by Zeus of 

Apollo and Artemis. 
\laVf adv., eaiceedingly. 
Xc/3ayarr6f, 6v, 6, fnmkincenBe. 
Ai§<fri, 7)s, ^, Africa, esp. the N. 

coast W. of Egypt. 
Alpvs, vosj 6, a Libyan. 
Ai/9u<rrt*f65, ^, 6i», Libyan. 
\L$os, ov, 0, (megaZit/iic, litJio- 
. tomy), a stone. 
Xt/tiji', A'oy, 6, a harbour, a re- 
fuge ; metaph. of the port of 
death § 145 n. 80. 



\ln»7if 7fs, ih (^€i^cf)f ft lake. 

TufiSs, ov^ 6, hunger, famine; a 
starveling § 136 n. 9. 

yivoPf ovj t5, (linum), a thread; 
cloth. 

Tiiwapds, d, 6vj (Xiira), oily, sleek, 
bright, rich; rdX., oily dishes. 

XtTdctf, Att. (D, to be sleek. 

XiTiri/y, lyroj, ^, plainness. 

Xo7^^o/A«c, toD/iai, to reckon, con- 
sider, infer. 

X67(0f, a, oy, eloquent; oompar., 
ibrepos § 63. 

\oyiafi6s, ou, 6, considerotioii) 
reasoning, reason. 

X^yot, ov, ^ (theology, lo^apaA' 
fihy, U^ic), a word, a saying ; 
speech; a speech; reason, 
esteem, account; iXOeiv els 
Ti&yovi Tivl^ to engage in con- 
versation with; 6 ijfrrwi' X. 
§ 45 n. 21; Korh, \byow ttjs 
ddiKiaSj in proportion to § 82 ; 
eh /JLiffBoO Xbyov § 115 n. 11. 

XoL^opiu), Att. (3, -fiffta, to abuse, 
to rail. 

Xot/i6s, oD, 6, a plague. 

X(KT<is, ^, ovy (Xetircu), remaining; 
rb X., for the future. 

\<d,<rOMs, a, GVy left behind, 
last. 

KoKpolj wr, ol, a Greek tribe, 
settled in various places, esp. 
the A. ^OTo<fVTioi, on the E. 
coast of Greece opposite Eu- 
boia; and the A. 'OfiJXai on 
the gulf of Crisa, adjoining 
Aitolia § 93. 

Xo|(^s, ij, ovf cross, Lat. ohliquut; 
at right angles § 127 n. 27. 

Xoirds, ddo;, % a dish. 

Aou/rtovds, oO, o, of Samosata, in 
Kommagene, flourished under 
the Antonines and Gommo- 
dus. In his numerous writ- 
ings he satirises the vices and 
follies, the hypocrisy and bar^ 
barism of his age, its philoso* 

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800 



rOGABULARY. 



phy, religion, literature and 

manners. 
Xo($(i}, see Xow. 
Xo0ot, ov, d, the neck ; the ridge 

of a hill § 62. 
XoxttTOf, 00, ^, a captain, the 

commander of a company (X6- 

Xow, Att. (S, (tovo, diZiio), XotVoi, 
to wash ; midd.) to hathe. 

Airyjcei^t, i<ai, 6j an Argonaut, of 
miraculously keen sight. 

Av8£a, as, ^, a district on the 
W. coast of Asia Minor, S. of 
Mysia, W. of Phrygia> N. of 
Karia; its capital was Sardis 
§§ 23, 143. 

Auiol, Qpy oLy the Lydians 
§ 116. 

AvKtiot^, ov, TO, a gymnasium at 
Athens, the resort of rheto- 
ricians and philosophers, esp. 
of the Peripatetic (Aristote- 
lian) school. 

A vKios, a, OK, Lykian, t. e. of Lykia, 
a peninsula in the S. of Asia 
Minor, between Earia and 
Famphylia, S. of Phiygia and 
Pisidia. 

\vKOt, ov, d, (lycanthropy, Lat. 
lupiu), a wolf. 

AvKoupyot, ov, 6, I. King of the 
Edonians § 93. n. The legis- 
lator of Sparta. 

AvK(ap€vs, 4ias, 6, I. A peak of 
mount Parnasos in Phokis. 
II. A surname of Apollo. 

XufuUvoficu, to outrage, to spoil, 
to hurt. 

Xurita, Att. cS, ^o-ca, to grieve, to 
distress; midd., to be sad. 

Xi5ti7, i?f, ij, pain, sorrow. 

\vTrip6s, d, ovy painful, trouble- 
some. 

'KuTTipQs, adv., with pain ; X. Ix<(f 
it is painful § 61 n. 9. 

Xvoo, Of, ^, a lyre. 

Avaiwdpos, ov, 6, a crafty Spar- 



tan commander at the end bf 
the Peloponnesian war; sur- 
prised the Athenian fleet at 
Aigospotamos b.c. 405, took 
Athens and levelled the walls 
B.C. 404 §§ 44, 136. 

AvfflfjMxos, ov, b, one of Alexan- 
der's generals, distinguished 
in the Indian campaigns. 
After Alexander's death he 
had the government of Thrace, 
and assumed the title of king. 
In alliance with Seleukos he 
defeated Antigonos at Ipsos 
B.C. 301; and after various 
wars with Demetrios Polior- 
ketes, died in battle at Eoros 
in Phrygia, b.c. 28i § 156. 

Aii;<r(Tiros, ov, 6, the only statuaiy 
to whom Alexander would sit 
§ 66 n. 44; his statue of Op- 
portunity gave rise to the pro- 
verb * Take time by the fore- 
lock.' 

\wriTt\4(a, Att. cS, ^<rca, to be 
profitable. 

\vxP0St ov, 6, plur. ot or a, a 
lamp. 

\via, ff», (Lat. luo, dilute), to 
loose, unyoke, set free, dis- 
solve, destroy, atone for. 

Xonrodur^w, Att. w, i7<rw, (XcSrot, 
raiment, 6via, to put on), to 
steal clothes, to plunder. 

\(p<n'os, ff, ov, best, see d^o^df. 

fiay€ipuc6si i/j, 6v, belonging to a 
cook; ^ II. (r^Ki/), cookery. 

/juiyeipos, ov, 6, {fidc&ia, fia^a), a 
cook. 

fiayeiia, ata, to enchant; to 
poison. 

/iaftt,ot, ii, (/ictTTw), barley-bread 
§ 38 n. 14. 

fMOffficL, aros, ro, (mathematici), 
a lesson, learning, science. 

fid$7jffis, etas, i^, learning, educa- 
tion. 



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VOCABULARY. 



301 



fiM$rrriw, yerb. adj., one most 

learn. 
HadrfHis^ ov^ o, a learner, a pupil. 
fiaafdsj ddoSi ^, {fialvofiai), a 

raving woman; a Bacchante, 

fanatic priestess of Bacchus. 
/uUvoficu, fioMou/iaif {maniac) t to 

be mad, to rage. 
fidKapt apoSf 6 and jf, (also 9} 

/JMKaipa), happy, blessed; ol 

fu, the blessed gods, or the 

blessed dead. 
putKapi^Uy lu, to deem happy, 

to felicitate, ripd riyos. Cf. 

fiaKdpiOi^ a, ov=fAdKap. CjfMKdpu, 
my excellent friend 1 

'M.aKedovia, ay, 17, a territory of 
Greece, W. of Thrace, S. of 
Paionia, E. of Dlyricum, N. 
of Thessaly. 

MaKeStjjyf 6voSf 6y a Makedonian. 

jfmKp6^ioiy Wy long-lived. 

/MLKpoXoydutAti. w, iftrw, to speak 
long. 

fjLOKpSsj a, oPf (firiKoSj macrocosm), 
long, of time or space; far, 
deep, large ; fiaxpt^ with com- 
par., by far; fiaKpdv^ far. 

fidXa, adv., very, exceeding ; Kcd 
fi.% 167 n.l7; compar. fxaWop, 
more, rather; superl. ;«<iXt(rTa, 
most, especially; Sri n.=quam 
maxime; with numbers, about. 

pLokaKla, ay, 17, softness, weak- 



fidXaKOSi r/y ov, {mollis, mulceo), 
soft, easy, weak, effeminate. 

fid\aK6Trft, rrros, ij, softness, 
effeminacy. 

/jtakdaKos, 1;, oV,=/iaXaic<Jf, most- 
ly poetic. 

udXiffra) ,. 

/xoXXc. \ «^ '*»^«- 

jMjfdpa, as, -/i, (Lat. mandra, 
archimandrite), a stable § 107. 

M(£i^f, ovs, 6, a slave's name 
§ 145 n. 27. 



fiaifOdvUy fiaOrjcofULt, {uTJfris), to 
learn, to imderstand. 

/MPla, as, 17, {maniac), madness, 
enthusiasm. 

fiamtiov, ov, t6, an oracle. 

/Myreihfiai, to prophesy, to 
guess ; to consult an oracle. 

fMvriKos, rf, 6v, prophetic; moi^ 
riKii, Tjs, "j, (sc. rix^m), divi- 
nation. 

"biam-ivtiay af, ^, an ancient city 
in the W. of Arkadia, on thd 
confines of Argolis, famous 
for three battles ; i. b. 0. 418, 
in which the Spartans de- 
feated the allies of Athens; 
u. B. c. 862 in which Epamei- 
nondas defeated the Spartans 
and died § 129 n. 14; in. 
B.O. 206, in which Philopoi- 
men and the Achaian league 
defeated the Spartans. 

fjidvTis, eufs, 0, {fudyofiai), a seer, 
a prophet. 

"iiapaOtap, upos, 6, a village on 
the E. coast of Attica N.E. 
of Athens, famous for the 
defeat of the Persians imder 
Batis and Artaphemes B.C. 
490, by the Athenians and 
1000 Plataians, under Milti- 
ades. The mounds, under 
which the Athenians and 
Plataians are buried, can still 
be traced § 155 n. 86. 

"Hapd^pios, ov, 6, a Persian gen- 
eral, son-in-law of Dareios 
Hystaspis, slain at Plataiai 
B.C. 479 § 133. 

Hap<r(^f, ov, 6, i. son of Olym- 
pos, a Phrygian Silenos, who 
challenged ApoUo to a mu- 
sical contest, was defeated 
and flayed; 11. a river of 
Phrygia, flowing into the 
Maiandros. 

fjMpTvpita, Att. (2, i^ffu), to bear 
witness, to testify. 

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302 



VOCABULARY. 



fiapT^poficUf vpoufuut to call to 
witness, to invoke. 

fidpTus, vpos, 6 and 97, {martyr) ^ 
a witness. 

fjLatrdopMit Att. (Snat^ (L&i. man- 
dere, nmla), to chew. 

'HtKrtrayiTMf wv^ oZ, a Skythian 
nomad tribe, between the 
Caspian and the sea of Aral. 

fidrrcij (oi, to knead. 

fi.ao'Teiuty aUf to seek after, to 
crave. 

ixa<my6(ay Att. (3, c6<ra), to flog. 

fMCLffTi^i Zyos, ^, a whip. 

fxaraios, a, oi^t or oSt ' ov, Tain, 
idle, wanton. 

fidTT/iVy adv., in vain, at random, 
falsely. 

MajjffutXost ov, 6f tyrant of Ha- 
likamassos b. c. 377 — 363, 
whose widow Artemisid rais- 
ed to him the monument 

' from which the name Mau- 
soleum has been applied to 
every stately funeral monu- 
ment. Many of the works of 
art from it have lately been 
brought to the British Mu- 
seum § 36. 

fiaxaipaf as, ^, a knife, a dagger. 

M^XV, Vh Vi (logomachy), a 
battle. 

fxdxtfJi'Os, 17, ov, or OS, oy, warlike, 
effective. 

fMLXOfiaty ovfMLi, (mocto), to fight, 
to struggle. 

M€7d/3i/fos, ou, <J, a Persian 
name; i. father of Zopyros 
§ 128; n. a contemporary of 
Zeuxis § 107. 

"t/ieyaKXrjSf ^ovs, d, father of Ag- 
lais § 25. 

fteyaXoTTOt^o), Att. w, irjjw, to 
magnify. Late word. 

fieyaXoirpeiri^s, 4sj magnificent 

, § 36. 

yUyapa, wy, t(£, (still Megara), 
the capital of Megaris, the 



small district between Attica 
and Korinthia; the birth- 
place of Theognis and the 
philosopher Eukleides. 

Meya/)ei^, i<as, d, a Megarian. 

fi^as, /AeydXri, ^liya, (mickU^ \ 
mighty, magnus, mahdrajah.), 
great, mighty, strong, im- 
portant; compar. fiei^p, en- 
perl, fiiyunoi', ij fieydXtj xd- 
Xij, Megalopolis, a city in Ar- 
kadia, formed after the battle 
of Leuktra b.c. 371, by the 
imion of 38 villages, and 
completed b.c. 368; destroy- 
ed by Kleomenes b.c. 244; 
the birth-place of Polybios 
and Philopoimen. Its theatre, 
of which there are some 
remains, was the largest in 
Greece. 

fiiyedoSf ovs, to, size, greatness, 
quantity. 

fliyurroi, see fiiyas. ( 

/x49ifiyos, oVf d, the Attic com 
measure =6 modii or pecks. 

Midovffo, 17s, ^, one of ^e 
Gorgons; whoever looked at 
her face, wreathed with snakes, 
was changed into stone. She 
was beheaded by Perseus. 

fji€6\ i. e. fjierd. 

fiidriy 7fs, 17, (j^Lidv), drunkenness ; 
strong dnnk. 

fjicOLrjfii, riffoi, to let loose, to 
drop, discharge, desert, for- 
give; midd., to let go one's 
hold of, Ttj'ds. 

fieSlarrjiUf fieraffrTJtrcj^ to trans* 
pose, remove; midd., with 
perf . and 2 aor. act., to change 
one's place or state; to cease 
from, twos; to alter. 

fi€06(a, ffuf, {fiidv, mead), to be 
drunk. 

fiei^wv, see fiiyai. 

fjieipaKtoVi ou, r6, a stripling. 

fidpo/Mi, {jiotpa, fi6pos)f to receive 



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70GABULART. 



303 



as one's portion; ef/Aaprcu (and 
€ttuLpTo)^ it is (was) decreed. 

IJi^<ap, ovj § 45, (lAivvBUf minor), 
compar. of fUKpos. 

fiiXaOpop, oUf 6y a house, gen. in 
plur. 

fieXaipSraTos, see fUXas* 

^eXdfiTovsj odoiy bf a legendary 
physician and seer; his cores 
were wrought by mysterious 

. offerings and expiations; to 

. himwas ascribed the establish- 
ment of the worship of Dio- 
nysos ; after his ears had been 
purged by serpents, he could 

■ understand the voice of ani- 
mals, and foretell the future 
§ 57. 

MeXoytTiro;, ov, 6, one of the 
Theban heroes, who defended 
the city against Polyneikes 
and the Seven § 146. 

fUXai, cuva, cu^, black, dark, 
compar. ;u6X(ii^6/>os; superL/tc- 
Xoiraros, or (rare) jueXacvo- 
TATOii as if from /leXaiy'os. 

fieXerdia, Att. w, i^au, {mediUyr), 
to practise. 

fjLeXirrj, lyj, ij, practice, exercise. 

MiXrjTos, ov, 6, a feeble tragic 
poet, satirisedbyAristophanes, 
one of the accusers of So- 
krates § 66 n. 24. 

fUXei, fteXi/i<r€t, impers. verb, fiol 
Tivoi or v€pl Tivos, I care about 
something; 6Xlyw /uk fUXei,! 

i don't much care. 

/A^Xi, tTos, TO, (mel, muUum), ho- 

• ney. 

fieXlaf a^ ^, the ash; an ashen 

. spear § 132. 

^eXiK^firriSi ov, 6, sonof Athamas 
andino, changed into the sea- 
god Palaimon. 

fUXirra, lyy, ^, (^Ai), the honey- 
bee. 

fiiXXia, ifia-uj, to be about to do, 

i. with fut. or (rarely) pres. inf.; 



to be destined; to delay; rl 
d' o<t fji4XXa ; why should I not ? 
=to be sure I do; rd f^iXKw, 
the future. 

fieXoTMtaf as, ^, composition in 
verse and tune, poetry and 
music. 

fUXoSf ovs, rh, (wietody), i. in 
plur., limbs; n. a song; lyric 
poetry; a tune. 

MifWbjVj opos, by son of Tithonos 
and Eos, an ally of Priamos. 

MifKpiSi e&» or tSos, ^, once the 
capital of Egypt, on the W. 
bank of the Nile, 10 miles S. 
of Cairo. In the neighbour- 
hood are the three largest py- 
ramids. 

fUfi^o/xou, rJ/o^-aij to blame, rod, 

fiivt a particle denoting that the 
clause in which it stands is 
correlative to a following 
clause, which has mostly biy 
sometimes dXXti or another 
particle, corresponding to the 
lUv, Sometimes iiiv — 5^= 
quidem — tameTifit is true, — ^but 
still; as well, — ^as also; 6 fUv 
— 6 5^, the one, — ^the other. 
See 64. • Often /Wv is not to 
be translated. 

^dvcuxnoSf w, 6f a geometrician 
§188. 

yLivopdpoSy ov, o, the chief poet 
of the new comedy at Athens. 
Four of his plays remain in 
Terence's Latin and nume- 
rous fragments in the ori- 
ginal. 

MevAewy, w, (or Mo'Aooj, ov), 
o, son of Atreus, brother of 
Agamenmon, husband of He* 
lene. 

/livToi, {fUv TOi), still; to be 
sure; in questions § 125 
n.ll. 

fiipw, vQj (maneo), to remain, 
abide, await. 

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304 



70CABULART. 



^pifiwdu, Att. d, ^b», to oare 
for, to be full of oare. 

U€p6Tfi, Iff, if, daughter of Kyp- 
selos, wife of Eresphontes 
§124. 

MjipoSf ow, t6, {fiHpoficu), a part, 
share, turn; d^d /xdpot or ip 
fUpei, by turns; icard fUpott 
severally. 

fieffrifJ^pioLt ay, ^, (/i^croj, ^/h^/hi, 
of. for the /S, Fr. coi»5Z« from 
eumtUtu, number from num«- 
rtiff), I. mid-day, Lat meridies; 
u. the South. 

li€(r6y€ioi, e^ oir, inland, interior; 
generally ^ /*. (xt^pa). 

/u^«-ot, 17, or, middle, in the midst, 
{mediuSf mid)^ of place, time, 
quantity or condition; t6 /*., 
the midst, the mean ; ippdyrj 
fiiffosj burst asunder in the 
midst. 

fietrdrriSi ifroc, if, a mean, in ma- 
thematics § 47 n. 14 ; in ethics= 
mediocritas, the golden mean 
between excess and defect. 

M€<ra-i}r{oc, ww, oZ, the inhabitants 
of Messenia, the S. W. region 
of Peloponnesoa, S. of Elis 
and Arkadia, W. of Lakonia. 

/ie<rr6;, i(, 6v, full, rw6s. 

fjjffwtj adv., moderately; 06 fii- 
ffbtSi iiot a little ; fi. ^«<y, to 
lie in the mean. 

fier*, Bee fA€Td. 

fAcrd, prep., among, i. with 
gen., among, with, by aid of; 
tier' dXXi^Xoii^, with one ano- 
ther; fierd. ppoprQpj withthun- 
derings; fter* iMBpibirbiv etyai, 
to be among men; /uer' 6py^, 
in wrath; ol fierd rfpot, one's 
companions, one's party, one's 
troops, n. with aco., after, 
to fetch, in quest of; after, 
next to, of place or time; fier* 
od ToXbt no long time after 
§ 154 n. 2 ; ;»€t' dXlyov, shortly; 



fA€0* iiiUpav, after dawn, hf 
day; t6 /icrd raOro, there- 
after. 

/tera/9dXXw, Xw, to turn about, 
to change ; midd., to exchange, 

fjierapoK^if ^, if, change, ex- 
change, traffic. 

fieTayevifs, is, bom after; 61 /*e« 
TaytviffTtpoi, posterity. 

fieraiuurdw, Att. ui, to change 
one's way of life. Late wowi. 

fieradidufUf 8(6o'(ii, to give a share, 
rtpl Ttwj or TUfl Tt. 

/UTOKtwiw, Att. Q, ifffUy to shift; 
to change. 

/leraKafipifu, Xi^^o/coc, to par- 
take of, rir6s; to take in ex- 
change, to change; to take 
afterwards. 

fieraWdTTWf ^<a, to exchange; to 
take in exdiange; to quit, e.g, 
rhv pioif, to die. 

turofiiKeta, as, if, change of mind, 
repentance. 

fi€Tafi<f>Uppviu, to put other 
clothes on a man ; midd., to 
change clothes with, nwL 

fiera^i^y adv., {fierd), between, 
meanwhile ; nera^ii \4yww, 
while speaking § 102 n. 1; also 
as prep, with gen., between. 

fAeTaroUfa, Att. u), ijffw, to alter; 
midd., to claim, tip&s, 

j*eraffTp4if>Wf ^w, to turn round, 
to change. 

fi€ra4>vTt&u, ffw, to transplant. 

/JLeraxdffKWf X"*^"^^/''^* i^^W^ to 
yawn with another. 

If ^cXXo J, ov, 0', Q. Gaedlius M. 
Hus, consul B.C. 80 with Sul- 
la; commanded in the war 
against Sertorius § 120. 

fier^w, fieOi^w, to share with, 
TUf6s Ttv(, or H rtyu 

/urewpii^w, cw, to raise on high; 
to excite ; pass., to float in 
mid-air. 

fitritapoSi ov, (meteor), high in 



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VOCABULARY. 



305 



idr; in snspense; rd /i., the 
heaYenly bodies. 

pvfrfnotf a, or, moderate, tole- 
rable. 

fierplmy adv., moderately, tem- 
perately, ^irly; od/i«» consi- 
derably. 

/Airpopf aw, tA, (w«tr«, Lat . metior)^ 
A measure § 127; a role or 
standard ^ 63, 97; verse. 

pArutToWf ov, r^, forehead, face. 

Ikixp^t and before a vowel lUxpa^ 
(/£^«ros). I. prep, with gen., 
fiUxpis oS> nntil ; /c rtrof, how 
long? with numbers, np to. 
II. conj., nntiL 

fiijf a dependent negative parti- 
cle, nsed in conditional and 
final clauses, with the impe- 
rat. and conjunctive when 
used in prohibitions § 103 n. 
. 2, and with the inf. ; cl fi'/f, 
unless ; &a fjufj, Cn fA'/j, lest, = 
Lat. ne; fAili ^evUov, lie not; 
after verbs of prohibition etc. 
Ikil is not expressed in EngL 
§ 114 n. 13; on /kiJ after verbs 
of fearing = Lat. n« see § 127 
n. 2; on oit lA-fi § 139 n. 6; on 
lidl oi> § 119 n. 15. As inter- 
rogative particle iiii = Lat. 
nam. 

firj8afiiat, adv., in no way. 

fi'iSi, but not, and not, also no^ 
not even = Lat. ne — quidem, 

Mi^eia, ar, i^, {fiifiofuu, t. e, the 
inventive), daughter of Aietes, 
Mng of Eolchis, who procured 
lor lason the golden fleece, 
and became his wife. ^ Her 
revenge upon him for his de- 
sertion is the subject of the 
play of Euripides. She is the 
great example of a powerful 
witch § 145. 

(firjd4, eZs), no one; /niyJ^v, no- 
thing, not at all. 



fnffd4iroTe, adv., never. 

/iTfidna^ adv., not yet. 

Miyducos, 1^, by, Median; r&M.« 
the Persian war. 

M^oc, UP, olf the people of Me- 
dia, a country N. of Susiana 
and Persis, W. of Hyrkamia 
and Parthia, S. of the Cas- 
pian, E. of Armenia and As- 
Syria. It had for some time 
the rule over the Persians, 
but was subdued by Kyros I. 
B.C. 559. Capital, Ekbatana. 

/ii^Kurros, % oPt (/i^xof), used as 
superl. of /ioitpds, tallest, great- 
est, longest; rd /&., at the ut- 
most. 

/u^xor, out, r6, {fioucpSt, /liyat)^ 
length of space or time ; tall- 
ness, greatness; rd ft,, in 
length. 

fi,iifK(fp(a, wQf toleng&en, extend, 
delay. 

firfkids, ddos, ij, (sc. 7$, an ash- 
coloured earth from the isle 
of Melos, mixed by painters 
with their colours § 107. Lat. 
melinum, 

piiJlXoyj ovy r6 (Lat. indium), an 
apple. 

fi'/fPf adv., used in asseverations, 
surely, of a truth; ^ /ti^v, of a 
surely, a form used in oaths ; 
Kol ju^, and yet, moreover; 
well. 

fiijpf y6sf 6, (Lat. meruU, moon)^ 
a month. 

fATfPvn/js, ov, 6, an informer. 

firipvut, ffw, to reveal, betray, in- 
form. 

/nijirore, adv., never. 

Mijirw, adv., not yet, 

firiploPf ov, t6, in plur. r& ju., the 
thigh-bones, wrapt in isX and 
burnt as a sacrifice. 

fti/frt — fii/JT€, neither — ^nor. 

hh'VPt 'Tp^iy (mater. Germ, Mut- 
ter)j a mother. 

2ft 



3oe 



VOCABULART. 



Urirloxoif «w, 6, § 79 n. 8. 

fiiirp6ro\is, e«s, ^, {metropolii), 
the mother-state, home, capi- 
tal. 

fiTITpvidt «f, lit (/*iki?/>)» * step- 
mother. 

fivp^avdofiaif Att. w/tcu, 'fyrofMUf 
to construct, devise, take mea- 
sures. 

Mi7X«^. ^5» ^» 0*^oj> machine, 
nuLchination), a oontriYanoe, 
device, engine. 

fda, see eft. 

/xiaiyw, owia, to stain, defile, pol- 
lute. 

tdypvfu, ^Wt{mi8ceofieTm,mi8ch' 
en), to mix, mingle, to bring 
near to; midd., to associate 
with, have intercourse with. 

Mf5tts, ov or o, o, Mng of Phiy- 
gia, who prayed to Dionysos 
that whatever he touched 
might become gold ; when his 
food also became gold, he 
prayed that the boon might 
be recalled. 

tLiicpos, <£, 6y, (microcosm, micrO' 
scope), small, little, petty; 
fUKpbp pffrepoPf a little after; 
/card fUKpoVf by degrees; xopd 
fUKpoPf within a little ; fUKpoG 
5etv, or fiiKpoO alone, so as to 
want but little, all but. Com- 
par. and superl. regular; also 
i}<d<r(r(>>p, iX&xyrroSf from Aa- 
XW ; pxltaPf (/icMTTOf, very rare). 

MtXiJiTios, a, or, of Miletos, a city 
of Earia, famous for its citi- 
zens, Thales, Anaximander, 
etc., and for its numerous co- 
lonies, esp. on the shores of 

' the Black Bea. After being 
Backed by the Persians b.c. 
494, it lost its former great- 
ness. 

MtXridSi;;, ov, ^, the Athenian 
commander at Marathon, B.C. 
490. 



M/X(ur, wpoiy 6, an athlete of 
Eroton, said to have borne an 
ox over the course at Olympia 
and to have eaten it in one 
day § 94. 

fUfiiofJMif Att. oOficUt -fyroiiat, {mu 
metic, mimiCf pantomime), to 
imitate, io act. 

/ufin/lirKw, fur^ffiitf to remind; 
midd., to remember, esp. the 
perf. lUnyrffMi, rwos^ ti, me- 
mini; to mention, in aor. ^/a- 

PT^ff01fP, 

/ilfipw, redupl. poetic form of 
fiipw, 

Mtpikii, upf oU an Aiolian tribe, 
whichfounded apowerful state 
in Boeotia, with Orchomenos 
for the capital. 

yilytas, w,d, son of Zeus and 
Europe, king of Erete, after 
death a judge in the lower 
world. 

MiP(&Tavpos, ov, 6, a monster in 
Krete, half bull, half man, 
slain by Theseus. 

fuff^ufj Att. ui, i^ffw, (misanthrope), 
to hate. 

fiurdti, ov, 6, (Germ, miethen^ to 
lure), pay, reward; iwl tua$<p, 
for pay. 

fjiurBo^poSy oPt serving for hire; 
ol ft,., mercenaries. 

fuffOouf, Att. (3, ibffufj to let, Lat. 
locare; midd., to hire, to con- 
tract for, Lat. conducere, 

futroyvpla, a;, )/, (misogyny), ha- 
tred of womeui Late word. 

fjutros, oi/j, t6, hatred. 

filrpa, a$, "i, (mitre) , ahead-band, 
snood, worn by Greek women ; 
a turban. 

ftvd, as, ii, (Lat. mina), a sum of 
money, about £4=100 drach- 
mae; 60 fipat=& talent. 

/ipiffM, arof, ) TO, (/MfiprjffKia), a 

fAPTffAetop, ov, ) memorial, a fu- 
neral monument. 

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307 



jufiffifli n^t 4t ft remembrance, 
memory, mention. 

funiftope^, <rWf to mention, to 
remember. 

^T^rei^, to woo, betroth. 

furnrnipf ijpos, 6, (^(3/tcu), a sui- 
tor. 

impOj ay, i}, (fielpopieu), a portion, 
one's lot, destiny; personified, 
the goddess of Doom. 

fA6\'0f conjmictiye aor. of the 
epic verb p\iJi<rK(Oj to come. 

juiXtj, adv., hardly, scarcely. 

fUfvapxioyas, i}, {monarchy, dpxv)y 
sovereignty. 

^mC(, diqs, ij, (fUvoif monad), 
the number one. 

/iOPTj, ijs, i}, {fUvu)^ a stay, delay. 

ftwofJMx^dfi (S, T^autf to fight in 
single combat; to fight as a 
gladiator. 

uo¥Ofjidxos, ov, i, a gladiator 
§110. 

pbot^oriSiKos, op, wearing a single 
sandal. 

/j^os, 17, oy, alone, solitary, sin- 
gle; fiipou, adv., only; 01) fi. — 
oAXA KcUy not only — but also; 
fji6wop od, tantum non, aU but. 

jiopla, at, 17, in plur., the olives 
sacred to Athene in the cita- 
del of Athens § 4; also the 
sacred olives in the Academy. 

fiopLov, ov, TO, {fAopos)^ & portiou. 

fjuipos, ou,d, [fjieipofAOi), fate, doom, 
death. 

M6p<ri/MS, ov, 0, a Trachinian 
§71. 

fiop^^f rjs, ij, (anthropomorphism ; 
Lat. forma f), form, appear- 
ance, kind. 

Mo<riVo(4coi, tapf ol, savages on the 
coast of Pontos, between the 
Chalybes and the Tibarenoi 
They tattooed themselves § 
94. 

fibffXQtt ov, 6 and 17 a young 
buU, a heifer. 



MoG<ra, iji, 1^, (Muaa), one of the 
nine goddesses of poetry and 
song, daughters of Zeus and 
Mnemosyne §§ 3, 37. 

fioOo'aj 17s, 1^, music, song, refine- 
ment. 

Mouinry/rijt, ov, 6, leader of the 
Muses § 86. 

/Kouo-cfci;, ^, 17, (sc. r^xt^rj), music 
and song, the fine i^s, accom- 
plishment, education; fern, of 
fiovtriKSs, ri, 6p, musical, ae- 
compUshed, scholarlike; well- 
bred § 99. 

l^oX^ita, Att. (3, 9^<i», ift^xBoi), to 
be weary with toil ; to perform 
with labour. 

pjox^fipLa,, as, ii, badness, wicked- 
ness. 

ftox^lP^^y ^1 ^« miserable, worth- 
less, wicked. 

IMxdrtriop, verbal adj., one must 
toil. 

fMxOos, ov, 0, (lUyts), toil, hard- 
ship. Poetic word. 

fi^apos, ov, 6, a red-hot mass, 
generally of iron. 

fiv€\6s, oO, 0, marrow. 

fiviofuu, Att. oOfiat, (myBtic), to 
be initiated; rd /leydXa, into 
the great mysteries. 

/iv$oypdtfH)s, ov, 6, a writer of 
fables or legends. 

/ivdo\oy4u>f Att. w, rjffia, {mytJuh 
logy); to tell legends, to re- 
count. 

fiv6os, ov, 6, {myth, mythical), a 
speech, a story, a legend. 

fjivia, at, Att. fi6a, {musca. Germ. 
Milcke, Engl, midge), a fly. 

^vKi^pcu, &p, al, the capital city 
of Agamemnon, in Argolis. 
Bemains of its Kyklopic walls 
still exist. 

ft^Kift, 17x09, 6, a mushroom 
§ 149. 

fivKTTJp, ijpot, 6f the nose; tht 
elephant's trunk § 51. 



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308 



VOCABULARY. 



MvX\/as, ov, 6, an inhabitant of 

Kroton, scholar ol Pythagoras 

1 151. 
/ut/Xof, ov, o, (Lai moZa, molo, 

GemL Ifit^), a mill § 62. 
fivXi^r, iapotf 6t a mill-hoase, 

Lat. ^trinum, 
MvrSios, a, 01^, of Myndos. 
l&Moiy ov, ^, a small Dorian 

city on the coast of Earia § 74. 
Mv/xas, ddoY, ^, the number 

10,000, a myriad. 
/£vptoirXa<r(os, a, w, ttti thousand 

fold, TlVOt. 

IjtvploSf a, otff ^myriadt more), 
numberless, infinite; fivpUfi 
ffoXX^bv, infinitely faireratn- 
finito puUhrior 9 119 n. 8; 
plur. fjivptoiy 10,000. 

fifipfuff^^ ijKoSf 6, {formicajf the 
ant. 

MvpfuSSnett wf, ol, a people in 
Thessalia Phthiotis, who fol- 
lowed Achillefl in the Trojan 
war. 

fivpof, ov, r6, a sweet oil, un- 
guent. 

fivpptjrri, rjSt 4, the myrtle. 

,J/L\tpb)¥, wvoSf 6, a Greek sculptor 
in bronze and marble, a con- 
temporary of Pheidias § 80. 
His diskoboloB, quoit-thrower, 
is well known by imitations. 

/iOs, fivos, 6y (Germ. Maiiae, Lat. 
mus), a mouse. 

"MivTtkrjvaToi, <av, ol, the men of 
Mytilene § 140. 

MWtXi^iy, i;f , ^, the chief city of 
Lesbos, on the E. of the island, 
the native place of Alkaios, 
Sappho (?), HellanikoSf and 
many other authors of note 

■ § 145 n. 26. 

fjL^ta, <r(u, to shut the eyes. 

ijiuvido/juu, Att. (Sftai, i^ffo/MU, 
(fiufios), to blame. Poetic or 

. late prose. 

fi^pia, as, Tj, folly. 



/Mpos, a, OP, (Lat. moruB, mofio)i 
dull, foolish. 

pal, adv., HJat. nef), yea, verily; 
yes I 88; poi /id. Ma, yes, 1^ 
Zeus! 

paiuj, to inhabit. 

pofiui, arot, r6, (pdu), a stream, 
a spring. 

Kd^ot, ov, ^, the largest of the 
Kyklades, E. of Paros, called 
Little Sicily for its fertility, 
and sacred to Bionysos owmg 
to its wine § 114. 

pdpffri^t V^os, 6, fennel-giant, 
Lat ferula; in the pith of 
its stalks fire can be kept 
alive § 108. 

pavay4u)y Att. w, "/iff at {dypufu), to 
be ship-wrecked. 

paCapxos, ov, 6, an admiral. 

paOxXripos, ov, i, a idnp-ownor 
§ 77. 

rauXos, ov, 6, or pavKop, t6, fare. 

pavfiaxla, as, if, a sea-fight. 

pawTiydf, oO, 6, {Ti/jypvfu}, a Bhq> 
Wright. 

pads, pciia, i), (navU, navyy^ a 
ship. 

pa&rrjSt ov, 6, {rurnta}, a marinor, 
a sailor. 

pavriKds, '^, &p, naval, nautical. 

peaviat, ov, 6, ) 

yea.lcKOi,ov\i.\ a yoong man. 

P€LKos, ovf , r6, a quarrel, strife. 

KetXof, ov, 6, the river Nile. 

ptKpbi, ov, 6, a corpse;, ol p.^ibe 
dead. 

piicrap, apos, t6, nectar | 28. 

TScfUa, as, 4 (i^^/xot, Tiemus), a 
valley in Argolis between Kle- 
onai and Phlious. Here He- 
rakles killed the lion whose 
skin he thenceforth wore; 
the Nemeia (games in honour 
of Zeus Nemeios) were cele* 
brated every other year. 

Nefi^atos, a, op, of Kemea. 



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VOCABULARY. 



309 



wiiiwity€(at,M, (r^/Du#),re86ntment, 
Yengeance. 

pif^i v«fib), to distribute; to 
hold, possess ; to consider; to 
tendflooks; midd.« to possess; 
to graze; to spread. 

¥4ott a, or, (notnif), young, new; 
Wor TO(£c)r rtya, to restore one 
to youth 1 145; oompar. veiif 
repot § 89, superl. retiyrarot. 

peirrfSf Tfros, if, youth. 

vtorrbtj oO, 6, a nestling; a 
young <|Tiimii.1. 

TSiipvp, mot, 4, the Boman em- 
perOT Nero, tuooeeded Clau- 
dius, who was poisoned by 
his wife Nero*s mother Agrip- 
pina, A.D. 54; died by his 
own hand, A. D. 68. 

"SiffTup^ opoti o, king of Pylos, 
son of Neleus, the oldest and 
wisest of the Greek ehieftains 
before Troy. His name is 
proverbially used for a sage 
counsellor. 

pevpoif, ov, r^ {nervut, nerve), 
a sinew. 

re^vi, 1^, H,{p4^ott nebula,GGrm, 
Nebel), a cloud. 

pe^X'^yepiriftt i, (dytipi^), doud- 
. collector, Homeric epithet oi 
Zeus. 

p44>ot, 01/1, T^=re0^Xi;. 

p^ta, pe^ofuu or pevawfjuuf (Lat. 
. nOf noto), to swim. 

Wof, n^w, to spin. 

9«(6ff, ii&^ 6, a temple. 

f^c^f, gen. of pM,vs. 

yMiocrl, adv., lately. 

yiwrOf adT., next year* 

pri, a particle of assereration; 
p^ 6ifi, by Zeus I 

y%ia, arof, rd, (W», to spin), 
yam, thread. 

p1^Tt.iny a, ov, (n;- Iroi), infant; 
childish; foolish. 

y^osf ov, ^, Peloponn«M, Cher- 
aoiuee), an island. 



m^w, ^c#, to be sober. 

Mxdw, Att. (?, i^<rca, to conquer, 
to win; 'OXvfirca, to be con- 
queror in the Olympic games. 

pIk% i;f, ij, victory. 

Nuri«f , ov, <{, I. son of Nikeratos, 
an Athenian commander and 
aristooiatio leader in the Pe- 
loponnesian war; he opposed 
the Sicilian expedition b. a 
415, but was appointed one of 
the generals; he was forced 
to surrender and was executed 
B.C. 418 § 140 n. 12. II. son 
of Nikomedes, a painter § 78. 

NurJ/Mixot, ov, 0*, a painter, son 
and pupil of Aristodemos §111< 

N/irvXXa, i;t, 17 , a woman's name. 

Ncrof, ov, 6, legendary king of 
Assyria, founder of Nineveh 
in the 18th century b.o. §§ 14, 
88, 74, 121. 

Ntros, ov, ij, Nineveh, a very an- 
cient city of Assyria, on the 
E. of the Tigris, opposite the 
modem Mosul; it was de- 
stroyed by Eyaxares cir. 605 
B.O. Botta in 1848, and Lay- 
ard in 1845 — 7, discovered 
vast remains of the city and 
its civilisation, and brought 
away many works of art and 
implements of common use 
§§ 46, 121. 

Ncrvaf , ov, 6, son of Ninos and 
Semiramis, succeeded his mo- 
tiier on the throne § 74. 

Ni^/Si;, i|f, 4, daughter of Tan- 
tales. 

poita, Att w, ^01, to peroeiye, 
contrive, intend, conceive. 

pwrriop, verbal adj., one must 
conceive. 

Nofiddes, uPf 0, (Wmw, nomadie), 
a general name for pastoral 
roaming tribes. 

pofievi, ibiit ©» ("^Mw)* * herds- 
man, a shepherd. 

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310 



VOCABULARY. 



vofi'^, ^f, 4, distribntioD, pas- 
ture. 

pofUi^ut, t<2, (pofAot), to use ons- 
tomarily ; vofii^erax and revo- 
fuarat, it is the cnstom; oi) 
vevdfuffrai, it is forbidden; to 
regard one as so and so; 0€oifs 
pofdlyip, to befieve in gods; 
to think, hold. 

w6fUfMSf 7ft oi^i oustomary, law- 
ful; t6 y., established <»rder 
§68; rAy., usages. 

po/d/Ms, adv., lawfully. 

pcifiufffJMf arot, r6f (vofd^^ mi- 
Tmimatics)^ currency, coin. 

wo/iodirTfs, ov, d, (tI^/u), a law- 
giver. 

p6fios, ov, 6, {pifMf, ssbNmomy), 
law, custom. 

rddf, poetic and Ionic for pods. 

vo<r4ti^ Att. (3, '!^ff<a, to be ill, dis- 
tempered. 

pSffos, 01/, 'ill disease. 

vwTfplt^t c(d, (v^iJHy apart), to 
separate, to deprive, rc^d rt- 
voi\ midd., to retire, to for- 
sake. 

povOeriUy Att. w, ifffw, {vovs, tI- 
0rjfu)t to admonish. 

ISovfiatt &t ^, Numa Pompilius 
the successor of Bomulus, the 
reputed founder of religious 
worship in Borne. 

poOst pov, d, mind, intellect, 
meaning; ^i^ v^ ^etr, to in- 
tend; povp ix^a^f ^ ^ sensi- 
ble. 

"Sifupjii ^% Vi <^ goddess of in- 
ferior rank. The nymphs 
dwelt in groves and meadows, 
springs, rocks and nk)untams. 

vtff/^lof, oVf d, a bridegroom. 

pvp, adv., now; pw di, nwicverOf 
but as the case stands; ol pOv, 
the men of the present day. 

FiJ^, vvktSs, ^, (nox), night; wk- 
rdf, by night. 

JSiOaa, i}s, it a city in India, 



where Dion^so9 was said to 
have been reared. 
pdty nom. and aoc, \ 4iiid <d 
wifiPf gen. and dat., ) iytSf. 
ptifTOP, otf, rd, the back; a sur- 
face, ridge. 

^cdpVf ^av(3, (^(i», 9have)t to card 
wool ; €ls vvpf proverb of 
labour wasted. 

^ap6Liririjt v^t ^ ^^^ of Sokrates, 
proverbial as a shrew. 

^opOiirros, ou, d, I. father of 
Perikles, defeated the Persians 
in a sea-fight at Mykale b. €. 
479. II. a Lakedaimoniaii, 
trained in the Macedonian 
wars, who led to Carthage a 
band of Spartan aoxilianes in 
the first Punio war. He de« 
f eated Begulus, and took him 
prisoner. 

{•rtfdj, ij, 6pf yellow. 

^tiposy Ionic Jor ^os. 

^eUaf aSf 4, hospitality, friend- 
ship^ the ri^ts of a foreigner* 

^enjcds, 1^, OP, foreign, mercenary. 

SepoKpdnfs, ous, d, a scholar of 
Plato,headoftheAcademyafter 
Speusippos, B. & 339 — 314. 

^ipoff 01/, d^ a guest-friend, guest, 
host, stranger, foreigner, mer- 
cenary. 

^ipos. If, «i», foreign; M ^h^^s, 
in a strange country § 64 n. 11. 

Sepo^idpris, ovs, 6, of Kolofdion, 
founder of the Eleatie school 
of philosophy, lived between 
580 and 480 B.O. In the 
fragments of his work% in 
hexameter verse, he combata 
the popular anthropomef- 
phism § 13. 

^€yo<l>u;p, uPToSf d, the pupil and 
authorof memoirs of Sokrates,, 
an Athenian general, historian 
and philosopher. He died at. 
Corinth, b. c. 3o4 or 363. 



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VOCABULARY. 



311 



^cr^XMr, #Vy r6, diminntiye of 

Sip^t w, 6f son of Dareios and 
Atossa, long of Persia, b.o. 
486 — 465. He inYaded Greece 
with a Taet fleet uid army, 
B.O. 480, was a spectator of 
the battle of Salamis, after 
which he retamed home. 

^ijpcUvoff €Uf(at to dry; perf. paas., 
i^iipa/i/Mi § 124 n. 6. 

iilp6sf d, Of, OC^/M-off, $ere$cOi 
serentu, Engl. ««r«), dry. 

|/0oft wst r6t a swoid. 

^iwwp, ov, TO, {^4(1)), a stotme. 

^vyKVKdUtf (St i^(tf=:#vyic. to oon- 
found. 

^vXt^ofAoty voftMt to gather wood. 
Late word. 

^jSKufos, % or, wooden § 105. 

i'&Kwt ■ m, r«, (osj^Iography), 
wood, timber. 

^'KovfiytK6st ifft 6v^ of a carpenter; 
workmanlike § 57. 

^/t0e/i>or, orrof, r6=:0tVA^. ad- 
yantageons; r6 1.^ advan- 
tage. 

^ipt see ffifp, 

^wlrjfUt rio-<a^ffvwliii/Uf to tmder- 
stand. 

(wv^po^t pert of ^wptt^ta^ Att. 
<3,= avvv.i it is cloudy. 

oXfHa)^ a pair, a couple. 
^v/)^<a or ^vpdcii, Att. (3, i^w, 
(late form ^/>w, from ^/>or, 
|6(tf), to shaYe. 

6, ^t T6f the definite artide, the ; 
6 yiw—i d4, hie — tU«, the one 
-r-the other ; tA T<2if $€uiy, all 
that belongs to the gods. 

6po\6st ov, 6, an Athenian coin, 
^ of a drachm = about Hd, 

iyliods, dSos, ^, (dicrc^), the num- 
ber 8. 

SjKot, ov, 6, balk, weighty liate, 
ironble. 



dym^, Att. (3, c^oi, to enlarge, 
exalt, elate. 

tf8e, i^dc^ riSde, the Lai MCf haec, 
hoc, this; 6pw ri^rde ^reixov- 
rw *IoKdffTfpf, I see lokaste 
moving ^^« § 148; rb 4ird 
ro02€, from this time forth ; 
rfde, here, thus. 

oScvia, ffiat to traveL 

oiirt^u, Att. (3, ifjifftji, (65of ify^- 
o^uu), to guide. 

6hfr^6i, ov, 0, a guide. 

6Z6t, ov, ri, (method), a way, a 
journey. 

6Sovpos, ov, 6, a conductor, a rob- 
ber, a pirate. 

odoi^, 6vroi,6, {laX.deM,denU»), 
a tooth. 

cZw^Slqi, Att. <3, i/<r«#, to pain. 

Mv% rfi, ij, pain, grief. 

69vpo/itu, vpodfAot, to mourn, to 
lament. 

*06vff<reia, as, 4, the Odyssey of 
Homer. 

»03wr<r€iJf, ^wt, 4, (Lat. Ulixes, 
cl hiKpvov, lacxima), the king 
of Ithake, son of Laertes, 
eminent for courage and elo- 
quence among the Greeks be- 
fore Troy, and superior to all 

• in cunning and resource. His 
long wanderings on the home- 
ward voyage are told in the 
Odyssey, 

6t(a, oii^o-w, iZtaZa, (o<2or), tohave 
a smell, rufbt § 144 n. 24 ; 1 
aor. <^ii^a § 145 n. 40. 

SOeif, <^f), ) adv., Lat. unde, 

BBcmrtp, { whence, from 
whom, wherefore. 

o7^, to know; x^P^ etSivai, to 
feel grateful; ^a (Ly6p<awot 
(Ar, I know that I am a man, 
§ 188 n. 4; oinc oW' «(rrtf= 
nescio quis, 

OISItovs, o8ci, or ov, 6, son of 
Lalos and lokaste, king of 
Thebes, whose tragic fate, and 

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312 



VOCABULART. 



ihaX of his honse, form the 
subject of seyeral Greek plays, 
mnd of one of 8eneoa*s. 

oXkqM, adv., home, homewards. 

o^ciof , a or, household, related, 
ODe*s own, personal § 107; 
proper; ol o., relations. 

oixdw, adv. , familiarly, properly. 

olK4Tijt, out 6, a house-slave. 

oZk^w, Att. Q, iiffiay to inhabit, to 
settle in, to manage § 182; to 
dwell, to be managed. See 

otKrjfiOt arott r6, a building; a 

chamber. 
oU'fiTufpf opof, 6, an inhabitant, a 

colomst. 
oUdat af, i), a dwelling-house; 

a household; a family. 
olKldiov, ov, TO, a little house. 
oULtdtf utf, to found, to colonise^ 

to settle. 
oZkof, ov, d, (Lat. vicuB, Engl. 

'Ufickf economy), a house; a 

ftunily. 
olxdrpi^, TfHpos, 6t (rpfjSw), a 

slave bom in the house, JLjat. 

vema. 
oUovfUwih rfi, ^1 (pres. pass, of 

oUduf, ecumenical) the inhabi- 
ted world. 
olKovpla, at, 4} A Iceeping at 

home; inactivity. 
olKo4>06pos, OP, ruining a house. 
olKT€lpu, €/k3, to pity. 
oticrtoTos, rfi or, superl. of 
olicrpoSf <£, or, pitiable, piteous. 
dtfuth contracted from ofc^oi, 

ol'i<roji€u^ to suppose; the 

fiiBt person is often used 

parenthetically, no doubt, if 

I am not mist^en. 
ot/Mi, alas=shei mihi I 
ot/tot, ov, 5, or i}, a way. 
clfMJ;xa, ^o/j.(Ui to cry otftot, to 

lament; oi/ujli^enuf he shall 

repent it. 
Ol9owiSi9s, ov, d, of Chios, a ma- 



thematician, probably eon* 
temporary with Anaxagoras. 

ohoroita, as, if, wine-making. 

olrof, ov, 6, {vinum, the v repre- 
senting p), wine. 

obnix^t Att. u, -fyrv, to po«ir out 
wine. 

otpox6os, ov^ o, a cupbearer. 

oMMfAoi, Att. ev/ioiy (ifo^fitUf to 
get drunk. 

otofAoii see otfuu, 

oZos, a, or, such as, as § 50 n. 19; 
in indirect questiouH and in 
exclamations, what kind of ; 
oZbr, for example § 105 n. 1 ; 
olbf and (oftener) otos re with 
inf., able to — of a duuracter 
to — ;6Uif re iffrl, it is possible. 

olot, ri, or, alone. £pio word 



otf , ol6s, 6 and ii, (ovU et ^p^'X 

a sheep. 
oUrrSst ov, 6, {<ff4p6if oiffof)^ an 

arrow. 
cSffTpos, ov, h, the gad-fly, a stingy 

passion 
Otrrf, 17s, ^ a mountain range in 

Thessaly, which approaches 

the sea, and forms the pass of 

Thermopylai. Here Herakles 

(HercuUi Oetaeui), was burnt 

to death § 81. 
•rxo/ioc, olxfi^o/iaiy to have |^ne 

(cf. ijficca), to be no more, to be 

undone. 
olmos, ov, 6, a bird ol omen, an 

omen. 
dxpiw, Att. w, 'fjffta, to hesitate, 

to shrink from, 
tfirrot, ov, 6, hesitation, fear. 
dKTdxovSt TOMf, roiofi, eight-foot* 

ed. 
dicrtb, (Lat. octo), eight. 
6\pii;u, c(3, to make happy 2 esp. 

to deem hsapjpj^eCdcu/jL&l^. 
SKfiios, a, oPt prosperous, happy. 
6\^os, ov, 6, happiness, wealth. 

Mostly poetic. 



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VOCABULARY. 



313 



SKtBfiOf, w, 6, (SKkufu)t destrac- 
tion. 

6\iyapx^ ast ^ oligarchy. 

dXiyofMfBia, as, ii, speaking little, 
taoitomity. 

6\iy<nt iif #r, few, little, small ; 
SXlyoi^, slightly; 6\tyov (with 
or withont 8uw)t all but ; Kar' 
6\lyw, by little and little; im' 
6\Ly», fliter a little. 

oX/yotf-rof , % w, Teiy few, veiy 
httle, superL of fd^yoi. 

6>4/90dafWf i^w« to slip. 

6\ia07fp6t, d, Sif, slippeiy; apt to 
slip. 

efXot, 17, or, (Ao2ograph), whole, 
utter; t6 ^or, the nniverse, 
or adTerbially, utterly; 6\ovs 
TpiffKald€Ka, full thirteen § 185. 

dXoipOpofjMi, poOftai, to lament. 

'0\u^ir/a, as, ^ a plain in Elis 
§94. 

'OXi^/iiria, «r, rd, (so. ic/w), the 
Olympic games held in the 
I^aln of Olympia every 4th 
year, in honour of Olympian 
Zens; *0. vucSu^, io eonqaer in 
the Olympic games. 

^OMfiTioSf a, or, of Olympos (so 
goieraUy) or of Olympia. 

'OXv/iros, ov, 6, the S. S. branch 
of a group of hills in N. Greece, 
which parts Maeedonia from 
Thessaly. The seat <d the 
gods of Greece § 118; hence 
Olympian = heav^y. 

*OXi^tos, a, or, Olynthian. 

"OXvr^os, ov, ^, a colony a few 
miles north of Potidaia on the 
Toronaian gulf between Pal- 
lene and 1ft. Athos. During 
and after the Peloponnesian 
war it gained great power, was 
taken and destroyed by Philip 
B.C. 848, and its people sold 
as slaves. On its site now 
stands Aio Mamas. 

q\vu ady., wholly, in general. 



in short; Mh SKitt, nothing 

ataU. 
6fjLfipos, ov, 6, (imber)t xain, a 

shower. 
6fArfp€tka, 0'c#, to be a hostage. 
"OfiTfposy ov, 6j Homer, the earliest 

Greek poet, to whom the Uiad 

and Odyssey, with hymns and 

other minor pieces, are as- 
cribed. 
6/uKiu, Att. w, Vc^t {SfuKott ho» 

mUetics)t to associate with, to 

attend to, tipL 
ifuXlut as, ^ {homilp), inter- 
course, society. 
6fifia, arot, r^ (6\pofMi)f the eye; 

6fifjLa Sdfiww, the li^t of the 

house. 
ifwviu, dfioGftcut to swear, to 

swear by. 
6fioiosy (also 6/ioios), a, or, or of, 

or, {dfUsf /lomotfopathy), like, 

the same, common ; ifioia koI 

§ 147 n. 80, in like manner as. 
6fUHiow, Att. (S, dxrutf to make 

like ; to compare. 
6/ioltas, adv., in like manner, 

alike. 
d/AoXoyiuft Att. (?, ilfaofi {homolo* 

gous)t to agree with, to grant; 

6/ioXo7arai, it is confessed. 
6/ioifoitat Att. iS, i^w, to be ot 

one mind, 
^/toroto, as, ^, concord. 
5fiopos, or, bordering, neighbour* 

ing. 
6fjui<r€, adv., to the same place; 

6. Umrts, coming together § 71 

n.40. 
ifutO, adv., (properly gen. of A^s, 

cf . ov), in the some place ; at 

once, together with, tu4 § 118 

n. 21. 
6fio<t>poff^t i^t ^» unity of thou^t 

andfeeling, agreement, fellow* 

feeling. 
hiJM<t>p(av, Wf of one mind. 
d/iws, adv., still, nevertheless. 



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su 



VOCABULABT. 



Uap^ t6, a dream; generally aoo. 
used adverbially, in a dream, 
in sleep. 

^et^^, M, to reproach, ru>l re 

&rci3of , ovs, r^ reproaeh, abuse, 
discpraoe. 

MjatfAost or, useful. 

di^tt, ccof, 1^, use, advantage. 

iniat^pos, or, bringing advan- 
tage. 

dtfinifUf owiljfftft to benefit, help; 
midd., to derive profit from, 

tfro/AO, orof, 7^, {ytyPiiffKta, fUh 
men, onomatopoeia), a name; 
6pofM or ro0ro/ia, ace. , byname ; 
5ro/Aa icaXeir rira, to call one 
by a name; dro^ai Oi^oi, to 
give one a name. 

^ottA^bf^ dfftaf to name, to call. 

6vofiaffT<>Si 4 6r, famous. 

^'of, ov, 6 and i}, an ass. 

5rrwf, adv., (from (Jr), really. 

6»v^, uxos, 6, (unguis, uncus; 
Germ. Nagel), a nail, a claw. 

6^v$vfMt, OP, quick-tempered. 

6^6i, eta, V, (ibKvs, oxygen), sharp, 
keen, bright, quick, hasty, 
clever. 

ef«?Tiff, i^rot, v» Bharpness, 
quickness. 

iwMs, ov, i, (^ai^), an atten- 
dant. 

dwrjpUca, adv., when, at what 
time, since. 

&tiff0€P, adv., {Kar6Ti9 etc.), be- 
hind, after. 

^i^o4>TSKa^, euros, 6, in plnr. the 
rear-guard. 

iwijbt, adv., behind, backwards, 
hereafter. 

orX/^tf, (5TXor),to arm, to equip. 

6t\op, ov, to, armour; esp. the 
large shield of the heavy in- 
fantiy (orXtrcu). 

iwodairbs, -fi, ov, of what country, 
Lai euias; in indirect ques- 
tions* 



6t6$€p, adv., wheneo. 

jroc, adv., whither. 

6iroiot, a, or, of what sort. 

oxouHmffovp, ariffodp, om-toOift ^ 
what sort soever § 52. 

6x6aot, VI, or, i. as xelatiTe; as 
many as, as much as ; zx. in 
indirect questions, how many, 
how much. 

Jirorar, adv., whensoever. 

oirore, adv., when; since. 

6r6T€pot, a, or, which of the two; 
neut., as adv., in wbioh- 
ever of two ways; whether. 

irov, adv., where, when, whereas. 

ixrdpiw, ov, r6,(6irr(ica),a kitohen. 

6irr6s, ^, ^, {hrrdua, l^w), roasted, 
baked. 

iwibpcL, att 4 the dog-days ; fruit. 

irupL^/Aoi, to gather in fruit. 

6TiaSt I. relative adv., as, like as; 
irtatTdxurra=quam eelerrime; 
how; oiiK (ffff* Srws 9d = fieri 
non^ potest quin; u. eonjnno- 
tion, in order that, with conj. 
(with or without dr), with opt. 
after past tenses, and with fat. 
ind. ; oix ^<i^. • •» d^Xd koI, not 
only noi but also. 

bpdw, Att. w, 6\ffoiMi.k, aor. eE^ow^ 
to see ; r6 riKo^, to keep the 
end in view; to take heed, 
Spa fi^ with conj. =vide ne. 

hfTfflyiit^hi temper, passion,wrath. 

tpyui, tap, rd, orgies, secret reli- 
gious lites. 

dpylj^ofAat, tov/ua, to be angry, 
Ttpl, with some one. 

dpiyoficu, (rego), aor. fbpe^djMfP or 
thpixBriP § 121 n. 17 and 24, to 
seek after, to desire; properiy, 
to reach alter. 

6p€(rl<f>oiTot, OP, {6pos, ^trdu), 
mountain-haunting. Late and 
rare. 

*0p4<rrris, ov, 6, son of Agamem- 
non,avenged his f athei^s death 
on his mother Klytaimnestrar 

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VOCABULARY. 



315 



was porsaed by ber fnries. 
See the Elekira of Soph, and 
E urip. , the Choeph. and Eum. 
of Aesch., the Iph. Taur. of 
Enrip. 

tpOm, a, <mfOT Off w, steep, up- 
right 

6p66t, -ff, 6p, nprigpht; al rplxes 
tarean-iu bpOal^ the hair stands 
on end; straight ; prosperons, 
right, true, upright, just ; tU 
ipd-tip (ydnfiaif)^ at a right angle, 
vertical § 127 n. 25. 

6p0o<rrdSrj^f adv^ standing up- 
right. 

6p06(ift Att, (u, to set upright, to 
raise, to make straight; to 
exalt. 

6p$i5s, adv., rightly. 

dpliiia, c(tf, {6poit horizon), to di- 
vide, mark out, appoint § 
100. 

6pKot, ov, 6, an oath. 

dpftda, Att. (3, i/fau, to spring 
forward, to start, to be eager 
to do; midd. and aor. pass., 
to set out, to start from, to 
hasten. 

bpfi'^, ft, 4, a movement, onset, 
impulse, pass^oxL 

ipfdiiDfuUf (oD/iOi, {Sp/tot)f to come 
to anchor. 

6pfJu^^op, verbal adj., one must 
anchor § 86 n. 7. 

tf»€oiff ov, 76, a bird. 

fypis, i$ost 6 or more commonly 
4, ace t0a or ty, (ornithology), 
a bird, an omen. 

^Opdmjt, ov, 6t satrap of Arme- 
nia, son-in-law of Artaxerzes 
Mnemon § 129. 

Bpos, out, r6, a mountain. 

Spot, ov, 6, (son, Tiorizonial), a 
boundary, a rule, an aim. 

*0/>rViof, ov, i, Q. Hortensius 
Hortalus, bom b.o. 114, died 

. B.C. 50, Cicero's rival as an 
orator. Hortensius becomes 



'OprffO'tot as $ifffavp6t in Flati- 
tus is thensaurus. 
6pTv^, wyoj, 4, a qudl. 
6p<fTTw, iVy to dig, to dig up, to 

dig through, to bury. 
'Op^et^f, itaiy 6, son of the Muse 
Ealliope, whose music drew 
animals and plants after him, 
and procured the release of 
his wifeEurydike from Hades. 
He was torn asunder by the 
Thrakian women. 
*O/)0tir(£, aw, Tci, (from *0p^k6$, 
i{, 6¥y) the doctrines and rites 
of the ascetic Orphic sect, who 
practised various consecra- 
tions and purifications. 
*Opxo/idptoSy a, or, of Orchome- 
nos I. in the E. of Arkadia ; 
n. in Boeotia, the ancient seat 
of the Minyai, destroyed by 
the Thebans b.c. 867. 
6sf f , 6, who, which; used some- 
times as a demonstr., koX 5f, 
and he ; rj 5* 6f, said he. 
^<not, a, ov, or os, w, hallowed, 
sacred, enjoined bydirine law; 
Hffi&p {iffTi), fax e$t § 137 n. 1; 
holy, pure. 
"Offipis, c5os, 6, an Egyptian god, 
father or son or husband or 
brother of Isis. He was said 
to have been king of Egypt 
§ 110. 
Sapni, rjs, ii, (0^tf), smell, odour. 
5<ros, % ov, as great, how great ; 
as much, how much ; as many, 
hbw many; = quanhu; 6ffov 
p6fiov x^P^i only just enough 
to satisfy the law § 118 n. 20; 
vXetff-rop 6<T0Vy like immane 
quantum § 144 n. 5; 6ff(p, by 
how much; 5(top ^^vop, so 
long as ; ^0* 5ffop, m so far 
as ; 6ffOP oO= tantum non, all 
but. 
SffOffirep, ijirep, omrep, however 
great. 

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816 



VOCABULARY. 



f^rct, ifrcf, (f, n, whoever, what- 
ever; in indirect questions, 
fiho, what; et^tt <^, who in 
the world § 52. 

hoTiffoQw^ ifriffovp, 6rio0r, whoso- 
ever, whatsoever; anj what- 
ever. 

drriOif, oO^ r6, (Lat M» om{«, 
oft^ology), a bone. 

« /tf ^ \ ) conj* "with eon- 

tfre, conj., when; (ftfrcy Ih-tf^^est 
vbi, sometimes. 

0ri, oonj., (properlj, like quod^ 
neat, relative), that, because 
§ 108 n. 5; }Uy<a Sriy I say 
that— ; 0ri nixMro, with aU 
speed. 

oi, oix^f before an aspirated 
vowel o^Xi before an unaspi- 
rated odx, the direct absolute 
negatives now; od/c ita, I for- 
bid; oi} ^/<^t I deny; od /tif 
§ 189 n. 6; Mi) oi), see fiif, 

0$, adv., (originally gen. of 6t), 
where ; o9 717$ a u&i t«rra- 
rum. 

00, oZ; of, to himself, herself, etc., 
=8uit »ibi, 96 ; ol, enclitic, to 
him, to her. 

00, the letter § 146 n. 15. 

oi)da/bto9, adv., (orig. gen. oi Ma- 
fidSf from d/i6s=r is; ifuiHryd' 
T<ai is used in Plato), nowhere; 
01^. \iyeuf rt»d, to make no 
account of some one. 

oddcLfKaff adv., in no way. 

ot^, nor yet, not even, also not 
=ne — qmdem, 

oidi ip^% 66 n. 17. 

o^lf, oddtfd^ o^94p, no one, no- 
Uiing, no. o^Sip iful xW^* 
we have nothing in common, 
have nothing to do with one 
another $ 145 n. 82; o^cls 



l(0T(f 06, th^re is no one wlto 
is not, everyone; oidS^p'ooi 
atalL 

oM4roTe, adv., never. 

o&dhrtaf adv., not yet. 

o^c, see 0^. ^ixirt, adr., no 



otfjctfvr, adv., not therefore; in 
questions, not then? 

ovKow, adv., then. 

oSr, adv., then, therefore. 

oufreica, prep, after its ease, on 
account of § 100. 

oi^rore, adv., never. 

ovrii>TOT€, adv., never yet at any 
time. 

ovpdf at, 4, the tail. 

ovpdvioti a, Wf or os, of, heaven- 
ly, of heaven. 

ovpaw6sf o9, A, heavmi, the sky, 
the abode of the gods. 

OvpapSs, oO, 6, husband of Gaia 
§99. 

ovpio^pofUot, Att. (S, 170'w, to run 
with a fair wind. Late word. 

ods, (&r<$f, TO, {auriit otopathy), 
the ear. 

o^^o, as, if, ((^), one*8 proper^; 
being. 

otfte — , oihe, neither—, nor. 

oihis, oihij no one, nothing. 

o0rof, aUrfft tovto, this; ourot 
or (3 odroi, lieui tuf ho there! 
Kcd raOro, and that too, idque; 
lurh. ravroL thereupon; ^v rot^ 
ry , meanwiule ; roOr' ^(rrc, that 
is, id Mt; Td.ir'Q^ thus. 

oirroaly aimft, roxnl, this man etc. 
here, c^Zui-ci, dieser da, 

ovTut, before a cons. oC^rc#, adv., 
thus, so, so greatly; just as 
you are, without more ado. 

odx, o^x^, see oi, 

^cZXw, rjffiai 2 aor. J^eXor, to 
owe, to be in debt, to be bound 
to do = debeo ; pass, to be due, 
to be bound; Bporotci xarBa- 
vuv 64>d\fTtUf death is the ap* 

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VOCABULARY. 



317 



pointed lot of all ; tiff* iS^Xov^ 
would that,=uttnam. 
l^^\os, T6y in nomin. only, (opus), 
advantage; od^iv 6<f>e\6s [iffn], 
it is of no use §§ 108 n. 1, 149 
n. 19; oddir dySpwtf \evK<Sif 
tf^eXof) there's no good in pale 
men. 

6^$a\/A6s, ou, 6, {6\ffOfjuu, opJUJuU- 
mia)j an eye; 4w 6<p0a\fMts, 
before one's eyes § 154. 

d^f, cwf, 6f (ophite), a snake. 

6ipp0t, (^$, if, (brow), the eye- 
brow. 

ix^ia, Att. w, ^<rw, (^w), to up- 
hold, to carry; midd., to be 
borne, to ride, driye, sail; to 
ride at anchor. 

Zx^os, ov, &, (ochlocracy), a crowd, 
the populace; trouble. 

6xos, ov, 6, (ixf^i wagon), a ohaxiot. 

6^4, adv., at lengUi, late. 

6}//ifMBTif, is, late in leazninc^ 
senu atudiorum. 

tf ^or, ou, TO, ((}p<a), properly boil- 
ed meat; anythmgeatenasa 
relish with bread; seasoning, 
sauce, fish. 

d^ffwita, Att. w, lio-w, to buy fish, 
to cater. 

Tdyv, ip, *, (t47w/*0. • trap, a 

snare. 
xiiyKMOi, % OP, utterly eril; su- 

perL TayKfUiiffTos, 
rdyos, ov, h, (T^yw/u), a 

rook. 
irayxPWOi, or, useful for all 

purposes. 
vdOi^fUL, aros, r6, a suffering, 

misfortune. 
VfkBot, ovs, r6, (pathos, antipa- 

thy, Lski,patior), a misfortune, 

passion. 
TtuiaycrYot, ov, 6, (pedagogue), 

the slave who leads a boy to 

and ^m school, a tutor. 
Totddptop, ov, t6, a little boy* 



Uaiddpiroi, ov, 6, name of a 

Spartan. 
waibeta, as, 4i, (encyclopaedia) 

education, learning. 
walicios, OP, of (his own) childrea 

§129. 
waibevfAO, aros, r6, a lesson. 
vaiitvais, ecM, 4, education. 
Tai6ei&ia, irw, to train, to educate 

§ 111 n. 15. 
waidid, &9, 4i, sport, jest. 
raidlop, ov, rd, a little child; a 

young slave. 
watilffKii, ni, 4^ a young giri; a 

slave girl. 
wai^ta, Tol^oftat, to play. 
ToXs, Tcud^, 6, a child, boy, a 

slave lad; ^ ra2s, a girl; ix 

Toiiwp, from childhood § 146 

n.ll. 
sraLu, ff(a, f orperf . ThtX-qya, pass. 

irhtKrrfiuu, aor. irrMiyriP (from 

wKfyrroi) are used, {^i.pamo), 

to strike. 
irdXai, adv., long ago; rd ir. in 

the old time ; 6p(a t., dvdum 

video, I have long seen ; ol t., 

the ancients. 
ToKaihs, d, OP, ipal4BO\gniptLy), 

old, ancient; rdTaXat^,of old. 
voKalffTpa, as, if, a wrestling- 
school, Lat palaestra, 
irdXii, lis, ii, (TdK\<i>), wrestling. 
TdXiP, adv., back, backwards, 

again. 
wafifiey40iis, es, very great. 
iroMirXi^f, 4s, very numerous. 
nip, Uapis, 6, (panic), the god 

of shepherds, of fields and 

woods i 17. 
UopaSiipaM, Qp, rd, (sc. Upd), 

two festivals of the Athenians 

(the * great' and < little' P.), 

in honour of Athene § 140. 
raphnfitei, (sometimes irordiyiO, 

adv., (d^juot), in a body. 
wapioKtiOp, ov, TO, (iixop^aC^f an 

inn. 

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S18 



VOCABULART. 



Uopiiipa, oi, iiy wife of Epi- 
metneas, moulded by He- 
phaistofiy endowed by the 
gods with * every gift* (rap 
6Qpov), to be the ruin of man- 
kinds 

vcun/jryvpiSy €wy, ij, {dyopd, pane- 
gyric)f an assembly of the 
whole nation, a public festi- 
val. 

wwyux^s, «oj, ^, a night-festival 
= pervigilium, 

xayoTriyj, ovj 6, (tf^o/tat), the 
all-seeing, epithet of Zeus, of 
the sun, and of Argos. 

rcu^ovpyloj aj, ii, knavery, vil- 
lany. 

TapoOpyoif w, (tSj, (pyw, Pari' 
urge in Rabelais), knavish, 
crafty. 

jravTax^, adv., everywhere, on 
all sides ; altogether. 

watrraxMfrf adv., from every 
side, 

xarraxoC, adv., everywhere, 

TavTe\uHj adv., entirely, utterly. 

TdpTTj, adv., on every side, in 
every way. 

vourroSavdst ij, 6Pf of every kind. 

vdyrodevt adv., from every side. 

TaPTclios, a, ov, of every kind, 
manifold. 

TtdPTtai, adv., altogether, at any 
rate, by all means. 

xdyVf adv., entirely; very; as- 
suredly, vdvv fx^p 01% § 113 ; 
oif TdpVf scarcely § 77 n. 37. 

[xdo/tai], (TOfKUt to get ; r^TOMai, 
to possess = if^im7/Aai. 

irdrjros, ov, 6, {papa), a grand- 
father. 

xa/)', see irapd, 

irapdf prep., beside ; i. with gen., 
from beside, de chez^ vapd 
ripoi ikOtip, to come from 
some one; ol rrpic^ea ol t, 
fia<n\4<asy the ambassadors 
from the king; rap* eavroD, 



out of his own means; r«^ 
rufot \afspdjfeiWy piavffd^eWf to 
take, learn, from some one; 
with pass., tA rapd ^oO Xeyi- 
fi^po, what is said on your 
part; ii. with dat., by the 
. side of, by, with verbs of rest; 
TCLp* iavTifif at home, or witii 
himself, in his own mind, or 
in his own power; rap ifutt, 
me indite; wop ia^Opdinroitt 
among men; ui.with aoc., to 
the side of, to the house 0% 
X. T^P Tpddaww § 125; of 
extension, w. Hip OdXarraw, 
along th,e sea-coast; to, beyond, 
past, X, rhs^eiprjpas xapaxXeiw 
§ 125 ; beyond, xclp^l SOtfa/up, 
beyond one's strength; irapd 
rb iiKcuGPt contrary to right; 
xapb. K<up6Pf out of season; 
beside, over and above, irapd 
raOray beside this; xttpii woXA, 
, by far; xaph, fUKpdp, almost; 
xapii Toifs dXXovs, pr<ie aZm, 
beyond the rest; owing to, 
irapa rijp iavroO dfi^eiop, be- 
cause of his negligence ;. of 
time; xap ^fUpop^ day by 
day; xvLpa x6top, while drink- 
ing §§ 73, 126; xapd xdwra, 
rbp ^op, throughout life. 

xapa^aipUi piitrofxatf to trans- 
gress, omit. 

irapa/SdXXo;, paXQy to throw to 
§ 94 n. 18; to risk; to com- 
pare; to turn sideways; in- 
trans., to approach. 

xapa^Xixtay yf/uj^ to look askance. 

xapa^oriQiiay Atl w, i^m, to come 
to aid. 

xapayyiKKw, eXcD, to give the 
word, to command; to exhort, 
to cheer on. 

xapaylypofMi, yepi/jaofuu, to be 
present at; to come to aid; to 
take part in; to come upon; 
to come up. 



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VOCABULARY. 



319 



vcfdJlktyfUL^ aroSf rb^ (paradigtri 
in grammar), a pattern, an 
example. 

wapabciiofVfUy ^(a, to shew by the 
side, to exhibit. 

Topddeuros, ov, 6, {Paradise^ an 
oriental word), a park. 

mtpdSo^oSf Of J {vapik 56^ay, para- 
dox), strange. 

wapaZi^/jiat, ffofiai^ with 2 aor. 
vapidvp, to slink by; to slink 
in. 

ira/Ki^aXdrriOf, or, on the sea- 
coast. 

irap€Up€<ris, etasj ^, an exhorta- 
tion, advice. 

TTopao'ia, Att. u), ^<ra>, to advise, 
TirL 

irapcLiriofuUf Att. ou/xcu, 'fj^ofiait 
to beg; to beg off, to decline, 
to make excuse for. 

xapairaX^w, Att. u>, fut. u), to 
summon, to invite, to encou- 
rage. 

wapajcarafidXKv, X(S, to let fall 
alongside. 

irapaKarctB'fiKTij rfSy '^, a deposit. 

TdpdKeificu, (To/juu, to lie by the 
side of, to be served (of cQshes 
on the table). Pass., in use, 

of TOpaT^dTJfU. 

frap€LK€\€6ofi(Uf ff<>iuu, to order, 
encourage. 

vapuKfAd^ctt €L(T(a, {<icme)t to be 
past one's prime, to age. 

TopaKliTTay ypia, to coimterfeit, 
to cheat. 

fapdKaftpdvta, \'fi\f/ofiou, to re- 
ceive from another, to suc- 
ceed to, to receive, to hear, to 
take to oneself, to invite. 

wapaXKdTTv, fw, to change, to 
corrupt; to pass by; to go 
astray from; to be different 
from. 

TapaXoyl^fiatt tovficUf to reckon 
wrong; to deceive by sophis- 
try, to cheat 



TapafieKi<a, Att. w, i^frw, t08light| 

Tiv6s. 
xapafiiruf, pia, to stay with, to 

abide, to last. 
itapajiMd^otAoHy Att. odfJMi^ ijffOfUUf 

to encourage, to console, to 

soothe. 
TapafivOrjTiKSs, ij, 6w, consolatory ; 

6 IT. (K6yos), a letter of conso- 
lation § 106. 
Tapdrav^ adv., r& t.> altogether. 
vapavh'affiJLay aroj, to, (xerdwv'' 

/»(), a curtain, a veil. 
TapaT\dt(j), 7^w, to drive astray; 

pass., to go astray. 
xapaTKiitii €6<rofAcu, to sail past,, 

to sail along. 
xaparXi/lffios, a, or, nearly alike, 

such like. 
TokparXtfaiuif adv., in like man- 
ner. 
rapoffdyyriSj ow, 6, (Persian worc^, 

a para8ang=30 stadia. 
irapdffiToif ou, 6, (parasite), one 

who eats at another*s table^ a 

diner-out. 
wapaffKevdfta, dau, to prepare, to 

provide, to render so and so ; 

midd., to procure; rape^Kevd- 

<r0ai irpSs tl, to be prepared 

for something. 
irapaarpiipfaf rpu, to turn aside, 

pervert. 
TrapoLTdma, ^w, to draw up side 

by side, to draw up in array; 

midd., to stand in order of 

battie. 
wapareivv, revu, to prostrate, to 

wear out §§ 74 n. 8, 96 n. 11. 
TopaTLdtifxi, $ij(rta, to set before, 

serve up, (of dishes at table) ; 

to lay before one, to propose; 

midd., to have set before one; 

to deposit; to stake; to quote. 

irapdKcipxu is used as pass. 
TrapavTiKa, adv., forthwith. 
TapaxpVfAO, adv., (rapii rb Xp9f^)$ 

on the spot, forthwith. 



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VOCABULARY. 



iri(MKit, ews, 4* (pot^^ ^^ leo- 
pard. 

wap€Yfvdxa^ Att. (^ 4^(», to hand 
on, pass on the watchword. 

rdpeSpot, ov, 6 and 4t cui assessor, 
associate. 

rd^ci/M, 4ffofAaif to he present; to 
aid; to be at hand; rd rapSp- 
roy the present state of things; 
rdp^ffrl fUKj it is in my power. 

wdfi€ifiiy (e7/u), used in ind. as 
fat., in the moods as pres., 
and imperf. vap^o. as imperf., 
of rapipxo/iai, to pass by; to 
enter; to come forward. 

fapefi^alpVy avcJ, to shew by the 
side, to give a peep of. 

irdptpyop, ov, t6, a bye-work, snr- 
plusage. 

wap4pxofAou, rdpttpuy aor. wapifk* 
BoPf to pass by, to disregard, 
to enter ; to come forward. 

wap^<at {w, to furnish, to offer, 
to grant; jrapiax^ fo^ 6<f>da\' 
fAoSs iKK&rreiv, he offered his 
eyes to be gou(;ed=ipraebuit 
OciUos effodiendos; Tpdy/Mra 
ir., to cause trouble; to render, 
KaOap^w rhv ApOpunrw, the man 
pure; midd., to produce, e,g. 
reKfA-ipiOf evidence ; to display, 
tdvouufy goodwilL 

iraprfiKiJi^ ^w, to stretch along. 

ircLp$€ifos, ou, ^, a maiden. 

raplrjfUy iraprfj<rui to admit, to 
allow; to pass by, to let alone, 
to let slip; to relax; to remit; 
midd., to win over, beg off ; 
pass., to be exhausted. 

lUpis, t5o9, 6, son of Priamos, 
who caused the Trojan war by 
carrying off Helene, wife of 
Menelaos. 

raol^flfUf wapaorija'af to' place 
oeside, to present to the mind ; 
pass, with perf. and 2 aor., to 
stand by, to defend, to be at 
hand; rd vapfffTura, present 



circumstances; to oedfir to; 
midd., to produce ; to bring to 
terms ; to win over. 

UapHLffos, oO, 6, a duster of hills 
in Phokis, esp. the highest 
summit with two peaJcs, sa- 
cred to Apollo and the Moses 
and to Dionysos. 

TapotfUa, at, if, a prOverb. 

Tapoifudtofxai, d^ofuu, to say by 
way of a proverb. 

rapo^dpta, {fpu, (paroxynn), to 
spur on, to irritate. 

xetpopfMitit, Att. w, i/jffv, ta urge 
on. 

rdpoti adv., (fore), i. before, of 
time ; witn inf., like trplw ; 61 
r., the men of old ; ii. as prep, 
with gen., before, of place 
or time; instead of. Poetio 
word. 

Topovfflat af, 4* (*'<^/>«<^)t pre- 
sence. 

wapojfdst ^o^i % ft side-dish. 

rapp-mrlOf as, 'iiy frankness of 
speech, bluntness. 

Tflif, ra<ra, rayj (jMiniheism, pan- 
oply), all, every, the whole; 
rdrres, all; rb tom^ altogether; 
did irarr6t § 116 ad fin., oon- 
tinually; also throughout. 

Haffapyd^Mf w^ a{, the ancient 
capital of Persia, on the river 
Kyros, S.-E. of Persepolis, on 
the frontier of Karmania; it 
contained in apark the tomb 
of its founder ]Bkyros. 

rdffxUf veiffofACu, rhrovOa, aor. 
hradw, {patior, rivBoi), to be 
done to )( to do; to suffer, to 
be affected, to be in a certain 
state; t9 xdirx^u' ^^, to be 
weU treated by, pass, of eS 
woi€ty TUfa § 130 n. 18; tI Ta- 
Oiitv § 111 n. 8 ; rl ird$w, what 
is to become of me ? 

xardavtit ^, to beat, to strike ; 
the aor. is frequent ; for other 

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VOCABULARY. 



321 



tenses the Attics generally use 
TiJrrw, ToJUa^ ir^rXifya, Tivkq- 
yfuuy ^TXi^iyr, vXrjyi/firofiou, 

Tariw, Att. tS, i^auy (path), to 
tread, walk; to trample on. 

ironjp, Tp6if 6^ {pater, Germ. Va- 
ter)y a faUier. 

wdrpa, as, ij, fatherland, country. 
Poetic. 

ndrpcuy wy, al, (now Patras), one 
of the 12 cities of Achaia, on 
the coast, W. of the promon- 
tory of Bhion, near the en- 
trance of the Corinthian golf. 
Still, as of old, an important 
port. 

Tarplsy ISos, ij, (sc. y^),=irar/)a. 

Tarpfos, a, or, or ot, ov, descend- 
ing from father to son, here- 
ditary, native, family. 

TarraXos, ov, ^ a peg. 

wauposy w, (pattens, jpauper, par- 
vus), little ; plur., few. Poetic. 

IlaiHray/af, ov, 6, regent of Spalr- 
ta B.a 480, commanded at 
the battle of Plataiai Sept. 
479; starved to death for trea- 
son B.C. 467. 

Totktf, ffvy to check, to abate, to 
stop, to depose from; ri»d n* 
pos or Tivii Toiovrrd ri; midd., 
to cease, to leave oi!^ tiv6s or 
Toiur re 

vdxvtf, iiiy ih ('rh^viu)y hoar- 
frost. 

trdxoSy ovsy t6, thickness. 

wax^f eia, i), (pachydermatous), 
thick, fat, duU. 

wedtopy ovy TOy (W^ot), tk pldlu. 

TredSffCy adv., to the ground, to 
the plain. 

vH$apxif>ft Att. c3, ifffut, to obey. 

vudapx^Oy a;, 4* obedience to 
command. ^ 

vtiBtay cwy to persuade; midd., 
to yield, obey, rtW; to believe; 
to trust in, rvl; in this sense 
the 2 perf . whrwBa is mnoh 



used; rireiff putty I am con- 
vinced. 
Tei^(6, ovs, ^, persuasiveness; 

also personified, like SuadelUy 

U(t0(lb, 
Tfiydufy Att. (3, ijffopuUy inf. t«i- 

pify, to sufEer hunger ; to crave 

after, rtyos, 
TcTpoy as, if, {perituiy periculum, 

peril, expert), a tnal, proof, 

attempt. 
Ucipaieds, m, 6, the western and 

most important of the three 

harbours of Athens §§ 11, 17. 
Tcipdopiai, Att. (3/tMU, i^o^uu, 

(pirate), to attempt, to essay, 

Tt»6s, to experience § 84. 
trttpariw, verb, adj., one must 

attempt. 
irtipariKlsy i}, ov, piratical. Late 

word. 
Uei<rlffTpaTos, ov, 6, tyrant ^ the 

Greek sense) of Athens for 17 

years between 660 and 627 

B.O., in exile the remaining 

16 years; a patron of the arts, 

and a just ruler. 
T€io-Wor, verb, adj., one must 

obey, TwL 
irAa^of, ovs, ri, («-X<i|, Arohi- 

pelago), the opi^n sea, the 

main. 
ireXap7^, oD, 6, {ir€\6s, black; 

dpryisy white), the stork. 
TiXaSy adv., near; ol w., one's 

neighbours § 92 n. 1. 
viXeKvs, €u>Sy 6y {pelican), an 

axe. 
UtXlas, ov, iy son of Poseidon 
. and Tyro, who sent Jason to 

Kolchis for the golden fieece 

§§ 24, 82. 
lle\or<»rrf(naK6sy i}, 6p, Pelopon- 

nesian. 
XlcXoronn^tot, ov, 6, a Pelopon- 

nesian § 17. 
Jl€\oT6nniffos, ov, 4i, the isle of 

Pelops, now the Morea, 

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322 



VOCABULARY. 



ireXrcurnSt, ov, 3, a targeteer; oZ 
IT., light infantry. 

T^jj^nToSt fif w, {virre)y fifth. 

Hfiiru), yf/Vt to send, convey, 
escort ; to send an emhassy. 

wivTfSi lyrof, o, (irivofjiai), a la- 
bourer, a poor man, Lat. pau- 
per; above the xtwx<^J. 

T€vdi(a^ Att. Q, fffffa^ to monm. 

tMos, ous, ro, (T^v'oi'^a), sad- 
ness, mourning. 

T€pla, eij, ^, (tA'o/mm, penury) j 
poverty. 

vevraenipls, Wof, -i^, (^o»), a term 
of 6 years ; a festival celebrat- 
ed every fifth year. 

irci'raKiflx^Xiot, at, o, five thou- 
sand. 

T€PTaK6irioi, ai, a, five hun- 
dred. 

vipTc, oi, al, ra, (guingt^, fiinf), 
five. 

T€rr^*foi»7a, ol, aZ, ra, (guingtta- 
<7tnto), fifty. 

irei^i/Koi^ds, dSos, ^, the number 
fifty. 

it^tXoj, ou, 6, a robe § 129 n. 9. 

v€7rp(t)fA4vos, see vopeiv. 

v^TTbfVj ovoSi {wiffaut coquo)y ripe, 
mellow, soft; compar. tcitoU- 
re/)os, Buperl. ireTa^raros. 

jr^/)o, adv. , beyond, of time, place, 
or measure; with gen., ir. rov 
SioPTosy beyond what is right. 

ir^pas, oroj, rcJ, an end; the 
crown, perfection, r^x^V^t oi 
art. 

TepdffifxoSi ov, that maybe cross- 
ed, admitting passage. 

wcpOM^ Att. <3, a(rw, (iro/)oj, porta, 
to /arc), to cross, pass over ; 
to pierce right through. 

UcpblKKas, ov, 0, I, P. II. king of 
Macedon with his two brothers 
B. c. 454—436, sole king 436 
— 413 § 76; II. one of the 
generals of Alexander, who 
bequeathed to him his ring, 



§ 6 n. 6; he snrviyed his 
master only two years, and 
was assassinated b.o. 321. 

Wp$t^, iKos, 6 Bndii, (li&t. perdix, 
Fr. perdrix)^ a partridge. 

T4p0Vf <rai, to lay waste, sack, 
slay. Poetic. 

wepl, prep., around i. with gen. ; 
about, fidx€ir0ai repl twos, 
to fight around, for some one ; 
0€iv IT. Tplvoioif to run for a 
tripod; so with verbs of 
caring, knowing, speaking, 
\4yciv irepl rtvos, to speak of 
a thing; gr. dpyrjs, for passion; 
irepl rdpTtav, beyond all ; jrepl 
irXcfoTou xoicTaSou, to esteem 
p)eyond the utmost, t.«.]very 
highly; as regards, asto = quod 
attinet ad ; n. with dat., round 
about ; with verbs of fearing; 
^ofieTirdat ir. '^/uy, to fe'ar on 
our account ; iii. with aco., of 
place, around; vepl iaur^ 
ix^t^i to have about one; ol 
v€pi TLuaj a man's train, as- 
sociates, school, etc.; TepC n 
e&€u, to be engaged on some- 
thing; rd v. rbp r6\efu», all 
that relates to war, military 
affairs; depdveia xepl ro6i 
0eo6Sf devotion towards the 
gods; of time and number, 
T, ri "hiriSiKaf about the time 
of the Persian war; irepl ifi- 
ZofiiiKovTa, about 70. 

vepidyUf ^u, to lead round; to 
turn round. 

X€piaip4(at Att. <D, i^ea, to strip 
off, to take off § 117 n. 18. 

IIe/>/ai'5pos, ov, 6, tyrant of 
Corinth B.C. 628— 584, one of 
the wise men of Greece §§ 29, 
43. 

irepi^alvia, ^-fyroiMi, to bestride, 
§ 63 n. 22. 

Trepi^d\K<af /3aXu), to throw 
around, rtpC n or rivd ran; 



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VOCABULARY. 



323 



to stmoimd; midd., to aim at 

§ 152 n. 31. 
v€plfi\€irTos, Wy observed from 

all sides, admired. 
repifidfiTos, ovy celebrated. 
vepiylyvojMUf Yevi^crojuat, to over- 
come, to master, § 157 n. 21 ; 

to result; to survive. 
veptypdipUf ^«, to draw round, 

to circumscribe ; to limit § 84. 
V€pL54Uf di/jaUf to bind round, to 

bandage. 
v€pl€ifju, f ut. of TcpUpxofiai. 
vepUpxofJi'<it, vepleifu, to go round, 

to go about;, of periods, to 

revolve. 
vepl^fia, aro$, r6, a girdle, a 

cook's apron. 
jrepitffTripXf irepiffT'fyTtat to bring 

round; midd. with 2 aor. and 

perf., to stand round, sur-. 

round, come round, turn out. 
vepucelpoff KcpQ^ to clip close; 

to rase. 
Tcpi/jLivut ¥(a, to await, to wait. 
v^ptPoffT^off Att. ci>, '/j^Uj to go 

round. 
vipi^t adv. and prep, with gen. 

or ace, {T€pl)f round about. 
TtploSoSf ov, i}, (period), a circuit, 

orbit. 
vepiovfflOf OS, ij, (Tcpltifii), sur- 
plus, abundance. 
irc/HTor^w, Att. w, i^w, (peri' 

patetic), to walk about. 

TCpiTiTTOff TTiffuOflCU, tO fall lUtO 

§§ 129 n. 23, 155 n. 3. 

vepiirX^KU), ^«, to twine round; 
midd., to cling to, to en- 
fold. 

vepivoiiwy Att. u), i^w, to preserve, 
to procure; midd., to win. 

vfpippalvujt pw(2, to besprinkle. 

TcpwaXirtfw, to blow the trum- 
pet around § 124 n. 20. 

frepiffKowiuj, Att. (u, aK4\f/ofJiaL, to 
look round; to consider § 76 
n.16. 



repun^Wof, (rreX<3, to dress, to 
cover, to cherish. 

irepiaTepdj as, 17, a dove. 

Tepurrpoipi/l, ^s, ij, plur., courses 
(of the stars). 

v€piffu)l;w, <r«, to rescue, to save 
alive. 

irepiT^fJOfOft to cut off, to curtail. 

wepLridTifu, irepidi/jfftat to place 
round, to bestow; midd., to 
put on. 

ir€piTpix<^t SpofioOficUy to run 
round, to be prevalent, 

ircpirrdsi 1^, ^, (ire/a/, as "Ajit^wfl-a 
from dfJt^), excessive, un- 
common, superfluous, useless ; 
dpiSfiSs ir.f an odd number. 

T€pi<t>ip(ay olfftat to carry round; 
midd., to revolve, to wander 
about. 

T€pi<popdy as, ^, a revolution, 
circuit. 

v€pi<f>op4uy Att. fa^i^irta = ir€p(.<p4p<if» 

ir€pif/>6u), aufy to fix round ; midd., 
with 2 aor. repUipw and perf. 
w€piv4<pvKa, to grow about, to 
cling to. 

vepixapdmat ^w, to draw round. 

trepixapiiSy isy exceeding glad. 

Hepaivo\iSf ews, rj^ the chief 
city of Persia, 20 stadia from 
the river Araxes, on the site 
of the modem village Istakhar. 
It was burnt by Alexander, 
but still its ruins are among 
the finest remains of anti- 
quity § 153. 

UepffeOs, 4taiy 6, son of Zeus and 
Danae, who slew Medousa 
and freed Andromeda § 125. 

Hepae^vTjy ij$, ^, Att. ^p(r., 
daughter of Zeus and De- 
meter, wife of Plouton. 

n^/xn^s, ov, 6, a Persian. 

UepffiKdst ^, iv, Persian. 

ir€<r<r6s, oO, 6, Att. ircrr^s, {teS' 
sera), an oval stone for playing 
at a game like draughts § 1** 



dbyGtJogfe 



'324 



rOCA3ULABT. 



Tirofuut irHiffonaij {rrepop, tI' 
irrw, petOt praepea)^ to fly, to 
be on the wing. 

Hrpa, Of, ^ (petrify), a rook, 

"""ny^f ^1 ^» a spring, well, source. 

Tr-f/ypvfjUf iHf^<a, {pango.pax.pitch, 
peg), to fix, plant, build, stiff- 
en; midd., -withperf., Hmiya, 
to freeze, to harden, to be set- 
tled. 

irrf^Xioif, ov, roy a rudder. 

irriiav, Att. w, to leap. 

Urikwi, 4w, 6, son of Aiakos, 
father of Achilles by Thetis, 
an Argonaut and a huntor of 
the Kal^donian boar, king of 
Phthia m Thessaly. 

TfiK6s, oO, 6, clay. 

TijfAa, arm, t6, suffering, misery. 

IliyyeX^, i^f, ^, the wife of 0- 
dysseus. 

TTjiiKa, adv., at what o'clock? 

ir^/>a, as, 17, (Lat. per a), a wallet. 

TTfp6<a, Att. (S, fbau, to maim; to 
make blind. 

^^v$» «caf, b, the fore-arm; a 
cubit. 

Hitpia, af, ^ a district of Make- 
donia on the coast, S. of the 
Haliakmon; the native land 
of Orpheus, and seat of the 
Muses, thence called Pierides. 

HiB^M, 4(as, 6, of the deme Pi- 
thos § 66 n. 25. 

t10o9, ov, 6, (hitt), a wine-jar. 

riKpos, d, 6v, bitter, harsh, hate- 
fid, cruel. 

irtKpias, adv., bitterly, harshly; 
supeirl., TriKporara. 

trifieXilj, ^j, if, (vhav), fat. 

vifiTkfffii, irX'jawA—pleo.plebeSf 
folk), to fill, TtySs. 

rtfiiTfnfiu, Tpiffuf, (Germ, bren- 
nen, EngL brent), to bum. 

irivaKit, idos, ^, a tablet. 
lUvdapos, ov, 6, of Thebes, the 



greatest lyric poet of Greece, 
bom 522, died 442 B.O. Of his 
ejnnikia or odes celebrating 
yictories in the public games 
14 Olympian, 12 Pythian, 11 
Nemean, and 7 Isthmian odes 
remain; also many fragments 
of other kinds of Terse, ^ 69 
n. 87, 188. 

xlpta, xlofuUf aor. Irtor, (potiu, 
bibo, vrinebibber), to drink, to 
suck up; d6i xuTtf, give to 
drink. 

Jlloi, ov, 6, see M^fXXot § 120. 

Tt&rara, superl. adv. from iri<ay, 
most abundantly. 

Tlwru), weiFovftM, aor. (irecow, 
(rlrvu), to faU^ to be over- 
thrown, to fall in. 

UwiSlcL, as, ^ a territory in the 
S. of Asia Minor, N. of Pam- 
phylia § 148. 

Turretkii, ffw, to trust in, to be- 
lieve in, rtpl ; d irurre^ta aKrjOrj 
eireu, which I believe to be 
true ; to entrust, ra^l ri; pass., 
to be believed ; to be entrust- 
ed with a thing, n. 

srUrris, €<as, if, [TreiBw), faith, cre- 
dit, honesty; an assurance, a 
proof. 

Ti<rr6s, 1/, U, trust7, sure; t6 x., 
a pledge. 

ULrraKos, ov, 6, bom at Mytilene 
cir. 648 b.c., one of the seven 
wise men of Greece, freed 
his country from tyranny by 
the help of Alkaios; famous 
as a soldier, statesman, and 
general, as a man of public 
and private virtue § 140. 

riioy, w, {pinguU, opimus), &t, 
rich, fertile, plentifuL 

wXaKovs, ovvros, 6, (i. e, rXoicoctr, 
from ir\d^, a flat surface ; pla- 
eenta.f lanx), a flat cake. 

rXoFooy, Att. w, i^<rw, to lead 
astray; pass., to wander, ol 

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VOCABULARY. 



325 



«'XaF(6/Aeyoc rcSr itaripiop^ the 
wandering stars ; to wander in 
mind. 

w-Xcuny;, ijrof, ^, I. a wanderer; 
II. a planet. 

TXa<rAia, orot, t<J, (tXcCtto)), a 
figure, an image. 

irXcCon^f, ov, <}, {plMtic)^ a mo- 
deller. 

nX^rcua, at, 4, and oftener nXa- 
roiflU, (3r, oi, a city of Boeotia 
in the plain of the Asopus, 
between Helikon and Kithai- 
ron, famous for the defeat of 
the Persians by the Greeks 
B.C. 479. 

w\6.T09f ovf , r^, breadth. 

orXcCrrco^ <rw, to mould, to shape, 
to form. 

nXarciir, iopoij d, the son of Ari- 
ston, bom 429, died 348 B.C. 
The great pupil of Sokrates, 
founder of the Academic 
school; of few ancient authors 
have we so many extant re- 
mains. 

•fkeiiaVf 6 and 4> neut. rXeiov 
§ 41, or more often irX^or, and 
T\eT<rTos, iy, o¥, compar. and 
superl. of iroXi/s. 

rXeimit ^, ^ (sc. ffcipd, vX^KCtf), 
a twisted rope § 143. 

v\€oif€^la, as, lit grasping, self- 
ishness, advantage. 

v\€vp6vf oO, r6, a side, mostly in 
plur. § 24. 

T\4<a, e^oiitu, or v-XevcroO/uu, 
ijluito, float)^ to sail, to sail 
over. 

rXiuv = rkfltoPj though less usual 
inmasc. andfem. rXiofix^iy^ 
to have the advantage, to have 
the best of it ; odSiy fiu irXiov 
^y, I was none the better for 
it; r5 TXdov, for the most 
part. 

wXriri^ ^f, ^, {rXvTTu, plague), 
a blow, a stroke. 



irX^of, ouf, T^, {TlfAtrXtifu), a 
crowd; r6 »-., the majority^ 
the commons, the people; 
number, quantity, amount. 

v-Xi^K, I. prep, with gen., except. 
IT. adv., except; oi53^ dfXXon-., 
nihil aliud nisi ; irXriv e/, ex- 
cept in case; tX^ Ij, except 
§ 77 n. 85. 

TXiifyifi, er, full, ruf6u 

rXripSw, Att «, c^o-w, to fill, tL 
TUfos; to satisfy; to complete; 
to fulfil 

rXi/jvlWy adv., (rAa;), near, n- 
p6s; 6 ir., a neighbour. 

wXiJTTVf ^w, (plaga^ plangoV to 
strike. Used in Attic only in 
perf . ir^Xiryo, and pass., e. g. 
ir4TXriyfxcu, irXiryWi "fXr^ri- 
ffofiai; the other tenses are 
supplied by rOimitt ircUta, (ra- 

vXS'Cfios, Of, (rXiia), fit for sail- 
ing. 

rXoKOfAoSt oVf 6, (rX^/coi), a curl. 

irXoOs, oO, 6, (irX^w), a voyage. 

xXovaios, a, oy, rich, with gen., 
like dives opum, 

tXout4w, Att. <Sf rfaw, to be rich, 
Tiv6s; iirXoijTffffa, I became 
rich. 

tXoutI^, 4(3, to enrich. 

xXovToSf ov, 6, (plutocracy, vtfi,- 
vXijfu), weoIUi, riches. 

UXouTot, ov, 6, son of Demeter 
and lasion, the blind god of 
wealth. 

ITXovTtap, bjvos, o, (irXoOroj), a 
euphemistic name for^AtSi;;, 
god of the nether world, son 
of Eronos and Bhea, husband 
of Persephone. The name is 
derived from his wealth in 
com and mines. 

vvcdtiHy aroSj t6, (rvivr pneu- 
matics), wind, breath, spirit. 

miia, Tveiijofiai, to blow, to 
breathe. 

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r6a, ttf, 4 grass. 

voba.v6iy i/iy OP, {t60€p Ato) from 
what coimti7?=Lat. cuiast 
of what kind. 

TTodiiprjSf €s, reaching to the 
feet. 

ToOetyoit ri, 6v, desired, longed 
for. 

iroOofy adv., whence? wherefore? 
vodevffwlffTarai, of whom con- 
sists ? 

TToffivy enclitic adv., from some 
place or other. 

voSiu, Att. w, ^<rw, to long for, 
miss = Lat. desidero, to desire, 
with inf. 

irddosj ov, 6, a longing desire for, 
love. 

iro?, adv., whither? 

irolt enclitic adv., somewhither. 

iroUay Att. w, ijtf-w, (onomato- 
poeiajj I. to make, to compose, 
to produce, to bring about, to 
celebrate; x. rti'd (iacCKka^ to 
make one a king; ir. roin &y- 
6fHt)Tro\n dTopeWf to make men 
doubt; midd., to make for 
oneself, tlfyfpnjif iroietffdcu, to 
make peace; 0^op rtyd, to 
make a friend oif some one; to 
hold, consider § 120 n. 2; irepl 
vXelffrov voUiffdaij to esteem 
very highly, to make much of; 
often as periphrasis with ace, 
irrifJiiXetaM voiuvdai = iTtfAe- 
XeiffSai §§ 43 n. 6, 62 n. 6 ; ii. 
to do, to act; iroieiv rivd rt, 
[e5] (vdfTXfif Tt [c5] being used 
as pass.) §§ 62 n.41, 85 n. 11, 
130 n. 13; icoXwf Totets, you 
do well. 

votrffjutj aroSi ^^» ^ worij, a 
poem. 

TToli/jffiSj €wj, if, a making; poesy; 
a poem. 

troLTfT^oVf verbal adj., one must 
do, one must make. 

TOLrjn/jSf ov, 6, a poet. 



voiKlXoti ijt oiff {pingo)y many- 
coloured, manifold, subtle ; rj 
r, oTodf the hall at Athens 
adorned with frescoes of the 
battle of Marathon. 

roifiavT'fip^ %>or, 6, a shepherd, 
ruler. 

irot/Ai^, ^of, 6, a herdsman, a 
shepherd. 

Too^iJ, rji, % {poena^ puniOj pain, 
penalty) ^ ransom; a satisfac- 
tion, penalty; in prose, SiKfj: 
also personified al tloival^ 
goddesses of vengeance, § 139. 

voiost a, ov, of what kind? = 
qualU? 

wokefxita, Att. Q, i^w, to be 
at war, to make war, to fight. 

qroXe/ui^b;, m, poetic form of 
xoXefjUdf, 

iroXe/u/c6j, 4 6v, (poUmics), of 
war; warlike; hostile. 

ToXifjLiosj a, w, or os, w, belong- 
ing to war; hostile; belong- 
ing to the enemy; 6 7., an 
enemy. 

ToX6/«(rnJj, ov, o, a fighting-man, 
effective. Poetic and in late 
prose § 120 ad fin. 

ir6\€fios, ov, 6, {bellum), war. 

IIo\4iJi(av, (ovos, 6, an Athenian 
philosopher, and a leader of 
the old Academy, who died 
B. c. 272 ; he succeeded Xeno- 
krates, whose lessons con- 
verted him (mutatus Polemo, 
Hob. sat, ii 2 254) from a 
life of pleasure. Among his 
pupils were Zenon and Ar- 
kesilas § 120. 

voXiopKibf, Att. u), '^<a, {etpyut), 
to besiege. 

roXtopKifT'^, ov, 6, tiie besieger, 
surname of Demetrios son of 
Antigonos. 

wo\i6s, d, 6v, gray, hoary. 

t6\u, ews, rj, a city; one's 
country; the state. 



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vSKurpMy OTW, nJ, a city. 

voKvrda^ af, ^, (polity), citizen- 
Bhip; gOYemment; constitu- 
tion; a republic § 118. 

vo\t,Tti(a, <rWf to be a citizen; to 
live in a free state; to con- 
duct the government ; midd., 
to live as a citizen; to take 
part in state affairs ; to govern ; 
6 iro\tT€v6fi€POf, a statesman. 

vdKlTtji, ov, 6, a citizen, a fellow- 
citizen. 

xoX4rcjc6s, 4 ^^ (poUHea), belong- 
ing to citizens, civic, social, 
political, pabUc; 6 x., a states- 
man. 

iroXiTif, i5of, ij, fem. of ToKlrTjt, 
Ft. citoyerme § 125. 

xoXXd, many thmgs § 29; neat, 
plur. from voKM. 

iroXKdKLi, adv., often. 

iroXXairX<i<ri09, a, or, or os, or, 
many times greater, Ij re or 
rufbt. 

iroXof, ov, 3, (xAo^iac, polar) , the 
axis of tiie sphere, the pole, 
the sky. 

ndXv/Sof, ov, ^, king of Corinth, 
in whose house Oidipous was 
brought up § 69. 

iroXf^Saicpvf, vof , 6, and i), tearfoL 
.IIoXuSet^jciTf, ovf, d, son of Zeus 
and Leda, twin brother of 
Eastor, famous as a boxer. 

wo\<fdprfv<», or, greatly wailing. 

XloXt^/cXetrof, ov, 6, a sculptor 
and architect of Sik^on, con- 
temporary with Pheidias ; he 
paid great attention to sym- 
metry, and his statue the 
Doryphoros was called a canon 
of the proportions of the 
youthful body; his colossal 
statue of Hera at Argos was 
regarded as perfect. 

iroKvKOipada, as, 4> the role of 
many. 

roXi^x/Hirot, or, many-headed. 



IIoXvirpiiri^T, ovj, 6, tyrant of 
Samos, B. 0. 530— -522, famous 
for his long train of successes 
(witness the story of his ring), 
followed by signal reverses 
§ 72. 

troXvfiaOiii, 4s, knowing much. 

ToXvfiadiOj as, i), much learn- 
ing. 

TLoKvpdKriSi ovf, 6, son of Oi- 
dipous and lokaste, who fell 
in the expedition of the Seven 
against Thebes, undertfUcento 
recover for him the crown of 
Thebes from his brother £^ 
teokles § 122. 

xoXt^XoKot, or, (xX^Kw), tangled, 
thickly wreathed. 

xoXi^, xoXXi^, xoXrJ, {plus, pleri- 
qw, irifiTXrffii), many, nu- 
merous, great ; xoXXi^ ffrparid, 
a large army ; xoXi>s x^^M^^t 
a violent storm; a river xoXi>? 
^(, flows with full stream §§ 
101 n. 29, 125 n. 9 ; xoXXi^ ' 
656s, a long way ; xoXi)$ xp^^os, 
a long thne; fier 06 xoXi^, 
shortly after; irl xoXiJ, over 
a great space, far ; for a long 
time; Cds M t6 xoX6, for the 
most part; xoXXd koX /coXd, 
much that is beautiful; 61 
woWol, the multitude, the 
people, the greater number; 
rb xoXiJ, or rA xoXXd, for the 
most part ; iroXkoO Toiei<r0ai = 
magni facere; xoXi> jxei^v, 
far greater; troW^ iid^diPy 
greater by far. Compar. xXei- 
iav or xX^wr, more, greater, 
longer; d x., the greater 
number, the many; xXelor 
^ctr § 107 n. 27 to be better 
off; ri ioToi ir\4ov rirt; of 
what avail wiU it be to one ? 
odbip ftoi rXiop rjp, I was none 
the better ; xXcir ^, more than. 
SaperL x\€iffTos, 17, op^ most, 

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VOCABULARY. 



greatest, largest; vXccffTor^w 
^mirum quantum; irXeioror 
adverbiallj, most. 

ToXvrAeio, as, 4> ooetliness, 
luxury. 

To\vT€\iis, 4st expensive, ex- 
travagant, sumptuous. 

roKvreXiaSf adv., at great cost, 
lavishly. 

TOfinlf, ^, ^, (HfiTWy pomp), an 
escort, a sending, a proces- 
sion. 

ToifiUf Att. (5, iljav, to toil, to 
suffer, to be worn out. 

iroyfipedofiaiy ffofiat, to play the 
villain, to act iU. 

troyfiplcLf a$, ^, badness, worth- 
lessness, wickedness. 

vSnjpost a, oy, poor, sorry, in bad 
case § 111 n. 88. 

Toifrfpost dy bvf wicked, knavish, 
cowardly. 

T&w, ov, 6, toil, labour, trouble. 

HwTtKbiy 1^, 6Py of Pontos, the 
kingdom on the S. coast of 
the Block Sea, E. of Paphla- 
gonia, W. of Armenia and Kol- 
chis § 103. 

TbvTOiy ov, 6, (Lat. porUtu), the 
sea. 

vopeTv, (portio, para), aor., to 
give ; perf . pass. Hirp<iyrai, it 
is fated ; vevptaiiivoiy allotted, 
fated; ^ veirptaiUvriy destiny. 

Topeia, as, if, a journey, a march. > 

irope^fioi, ffofJMi, to walk, march, 

go. 

Top$iM€^, ioK, 6, a ferryman. 

iroplt(Oy iw, to bring, to provide ; 
midd., to procure, to get. 

T6pos, ov, h, (pore, porous, fare, 
ferry), a ford, a strait, a pas- 
sage; a mean, a resource; a 
voyage. 

irop(t>ipa, ai, ^, purple. 

vopiffvpovt, a, oOif, of purple. 

UoireidQpy taiHis, 6, son of Kronos 
and Khea, god of the sea. 



testat), a husband. 
T6aotj 17, oif, {quot, quottu), how 

much? how great? how many? 

how long? T6ff(f /ioWor, how 

much more ? 
Tord/uos, a, o», of a river. 
rorfVi^t, ov, h, (ir^^u), a river. 
r6r«, adv., when? 
itvri, enditio adv., at some time, 

ever, once; tt ttot^, if ever; 

tIs t,, who in the world ? 
vhrepoif, neut. pron* as adv., 

whether ? = utrwm f 
w&repos, a, ov, whether of the 

two,uter^ (the rep is the same 

as that in comparatives, and 

as ther in either, otJief). 
T&Tfios, ov, 6, (iriiTTw), one's lot, 

fate ; often of death. Poetie 

word. 
tot6p, oC, r6, (vlvio), diink, water; 

neut. of wvrli, 4 ov, for drink- 
ing, 
ir^rof, ov, b, a drinking bout; 

irapii vStop = inter poeula» 
ToO, adv., where? tow y^s=tild 

terrarum? 
iroj^, enclitic adv., somewhere; 

perhaps, I suppose. 
ToOs, Todosy 6 {pes, KDHpodes), a 

foot ; a foot measure ; a foot 

in verse. 
TpdyfAa, arcs, ri, (pragmaMfiBl), 

an act, anunderts^ing, a thing; 

plur. affairs, circumstances,, 

business; vpdyfxara TCLp^eip^ 

to give trouble. 
rpd^tSy €U}i, it, business, action. 
Upa^iriXiijs, ovs, 6, a sculptor of 

Atiiens, in the first half of 

the 4th cent. B.C., famous for 

his Eoan and Knidian Aphro- 
dite. 
vpaos, ov, in fem. irpaeia, mildn 

gentle. 
Tpdffif, €<as, 4t {nvpdaKOf), a 



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329 



wpdTr<at ^w, i. to accomplish, be 
busy with ; oudiy fioi irivpaK- 
rax, I have effected nothing ; 
to negotiate, to act; to be stir- 
ring § 138 n. 18 ; n. intr. ev 
▼p., to fare well, so with jca- 

exact, e. g. dpyi^pUtv riva, mo- 
ney from some one, esp. in 
midd. § 116 n. 88. 
^paifru, wfS, to soothe, to calm. 
trpaSSf eta, <?, see xpaoi. 

wp4wu, yputf I. to be conspicnons, 
clear to any sense, eye or ear 
or smell; n. to be like; iii. 
to beseem, to suit, riv/ ; to 
wpivor^ propriety ; iv. mostly 
impers., it is fitting. 

wp€ffp€vnlis, ov, 6, an envoy ; in 
plur. generidly ol trpitrpets § 20. 

wp€ffp€i6ii)t ffUf to be an ambas- 
sador, to treat ; midd., to send 
ambassadors. 

wp4<rpvif vos and €Wf, 6, an old 
man; plur. Tpiafiets, elders, 
princes ; dual rpia^rj § 104 
n. 18; compar. vp€<rpvT€pos, 
snperl. Tpcfffiih-aros. In the 
sing, an ambassador, only in 
the poets; in prose irptcpev- 
riit is used in the sing., Tpic- 
peis in plur. 

frprjimflpt Vpos, 6,(T/)i5^a>), a storm; 
a flood (of tears) § 100 n. 12. 

Uplafioi, ovj 6, king of Troy, son 
of Laomedon, and husband of 
Hekabe; at the time of the 
Trojan war he was too aged 
to bear a personal share in 
the combat. 

TpLacOcuy see Mofiai, 

UpiTfyciiSf cwf, 6, of Priene, an 
Ionian city in Earia, mem- 
ber of the Ionian league. 

rplp, I. ady., before; ol irplp Up- 
6p<aToiy ihe men of old; ii. 
conj,, before, with inf., ind. 
or opt. ; wplw di^ with conj . after 



negative clauses ; rph rj is also 
used in same sense. 

Tp6y {prot prae, fore)^ prep, with 
gen., before ; i. of place, rpd 
TUfp Toiw, before one's feet ; 
Tpo ToLSuy fidxicOaiy to fight 
in front of [and so, *for,' 'to 
defend*] one's children; ii. of 
time, irpo "^pJpas, before day- 
break ; III. of preference ; vpo 
T&pTcjv, before all. 

Tpoayopevut vpocpQ^ aor. trpoei- 
Tovt perf. xpoelpffKo, to tell 
beforehand ; to prophesy ; to 
proclaim. 

vpodyta, ^w, to lead forward; to 
impel ; intr. to advance. 

TpoadtKiUf Att. w, ififfuf, to wrong 
another first. 

TpoatpiofMUi Att. ovfieu, 'ico/JLaif 
to prefer ; to resolve. 

irpodiTTeiop, ov, r6, a suburb. 

irpopcUrbtj p-^aofMUf to advance, 
proceed; xpo^at § 110 n. 9, 
when further advancedin age. 

TpopdWUf /3aX(3, to throw before ; 
to put forward; to propose; 
midd. , to propose for election ; 
ix Twv TpopepXrifJiivuw, out of 
the candidates proposed § 120 
n. 19 ; to allege, cite. 

TpSparoVf ov, tA, generally used 
in plur., sheep. 

Tpo^L^d^ia, /3i/3(3, to lead on ; to 
push forward. 

irpoPovXevcjf <rw, to pass a pre- 
liminary decree, to provide 
for one, Tiv6t; midd., to debate 
beforehand. 

irp6ywos, ov, 6, an ancestor. 

vpoSiSwfUt ii&ffVf to betray, to 
forsake. 

UpdiiKos, ov, 6, of Eeos, a sophist 
contemporary with Sokrates, 
who numbered among bin 
friends or pupils Thukydides, 
Eritias, Xenophon,EuripideR, 
Isokrates. He is best known 

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by the allegory of Heraklea at 
the cross way^ addressed by 
Virtue and Vice (Xen. memor. 
II 1 § 21). 

rpoSoirLa, at, ^, betrayal, treason. 

vpodcTtjSy ov, 6y a betrayer, traitor. 

rp6€i/Uy used as fat., and in the 

• moods as pres., of irpoipxop^ai ; 
xpoic&r § 62 n. 32, the man 
who is coming forward. 

Tpotlpf}<T0oyj dual perf. pass, of 
vpoayopevuf, 

vpoc^cLvlarri/xif midd. with 2 aor. 
and perf . act. , to start too soon. 

vpoipxoiio-i^ TpocifUy to advance, 
to go before; irpoX6vTos tov 
Xpovovy in process of time. 

Tpoix^f ^^i ^ surpass, excel, 
. TLtfoi, some one, riyi, in some- 
thing. 

irpo^KU)^ ^v, to have advanced. 

TTpoOvflioflCUf Att. OV/Xait T^JOfMl^ 

to be eager, zealous, to exert 
oneself; to promote eagerly, 
rt. 

irpSdvfios, Of, ready, zealous. 

vpo$vfuas, adv., readily. 

vpotrjfUi ir/)OT)(r«, to send for- 
ward, to discharge, to give up; 
midd., to betray, to desert, to 
lavish, to throw away. 

irpoi^a, adv., (ace. of irpol^), free- 
ly, gratis; x. iirloraraL, he 
Imows it (of himself) without 
a fee (to a teacher). 

TTpot^, /cos, ij, a dowry. 

lI/)otroj, ov, 0, king of Tiryns in 
Argolis§96. 

TpoKoKica, Att. (3, fut. w, gene- 
rally in midd., to challenge, 
to summon, to offer. 

vpoKoKv/jifia, aros, to, a veil, a 
curtain. 

TpoKaraXa/xfiavtaf X-fixpofiaiy to 
seize beforehand, to occupy; 
to forestall, prevent. 

vpoKcinai, Kclirofiaif to be laid 
out, set, forth, proposed, ap- 



pointed; used as pass, of r/xh 
Tldrjfii, 

UpoKXrjs, ^ovr, 6, king of Sparta, 
founder of the Froklid line of 
kings § 81. 

UpbKrn, ijSj ^, daughter of Pan- 
dion, wife of Tereus, who 
out of jealousy slew her own 
son Itys, and was chan^ 
into a swallow. 

TpoKSirrijf xffMj generally intians., 
to advance, to make progress. 

irpoKptw, tvQ, to choose before* 
hand, to prefer, tipoL tcfoj. 

irpoKJ^TTTUt ^o;, to stoop forward, 
to peep out. 

TpoXiyUf to foretell, to announca 
See Tpoayopei&ta. 

irpofiayOdpUf to learn beforehand* 

TpbfiavTUf €<as, 6 and ^, a pro- 
phet, a prophetess; as adj., 
prophetic. 

vpofMLx^^f ^^^* ^< i^trca, to fight 
in &ont of, ^EXXi^iKay § 155 
n. 85. 

Upo/i7f$€65, i(aif 6, son of the 
Titan lapetos, who was pu- 
nished by Zeus for the theft 
of fire from heaven by being 
chained on mt. Eaukasos, 
where an eagle continually de- 
voured his liver, till he was set 
freeby Herakles. With the use 
of fire he taught men all arts 
(Aischylos Prometheus bound; 
Hesiod theogon. 521 seq., 
works and days 48 seq.). Ac- 
cording to some he first form- 
ed man of earth, or of earth 
and water. 

irpovoiw, Att. (3, ^o'ca, mostly 
used in midd., to foresee, to 
provide, to take precautions, 
to take care for, rtpSs, 

vpbvoia, aj, ^, forethought, pur- 
pose, providence. 

vp6oi.hat etaofMUt to know before^ 
hand. 



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331 



irpoirlvia^ to drink to, to pledge ; 

to give away, 
irpos, prep. I. with gen., from, 
on the side of ; v, toO toto- 
/lAoD, from the side of the riyer ; 
irphs Tw HpaTovyrujv ett'cu, to 
be on the winning side; in 
adjurations^ by =Lat.jp£r, Tpbs 
rijs Sepias = per dexteram § 65 
n. 20; Tpbt iraTpoSj on the 
father's side; from, at the 
hands of, ficwOtU'eiv irpos rwoi, 
to learn of some one; so, like 
inr6, with neuter and pass. 
verbs, oTa Tpbi BtQv xdaxtft 
what I suffer from the gods ; 
like, becoming, <ro0oO t. av- 
dp6s, befitting a wise man. 
II. with dat., at, before, vpbs 
vvXatt, at the gates; \4ytip 
nrp6s run, to * speak before a 
man ; Tp6s T(p r^Xct roO /3f ov, 
at the end of life; yiyvecdai 
trpos Tiyif to be engaged upon 
a thing ; over and above, be- 
sides; Tpbs ToiJrotj, more- 
over; 5iJo T, Tots eUoffi § 46. 
in. with ace., towards, to, 
i\0€tp ir., to come to; j8X^- 
ireir r., ' to look to ; irpbs 
Kirrpa Xcutr/^eu^, to kick a- 
gainst the goads; X^ccv x., 
to speak to ; e^tp^t ir., pious 
towards; rl toOto irpbs <r4; 
what has this to do with you ? 
§ 112 n. 20; of time, t, piw 
ilfUpcof ficTpcut to stay for one 
day § 127; irpbs iaripatft to- 
wfiurds eveuing; of relation, 
o^hf T. Li&pvawt nihil ad 
DUmutum; tcL wpbs to^ 0€ovs, 
our dutieB to the gods; 0o- 
Peiadcu vpos rt, to be afraid 
at something, like ad omnia 
fvlgura pallent; irpbs r/, 
wherefore? irpbt ravrat there- 
fore; Tpbs awTTiplay, for de- 
liyerance § 112; rdXXa xdp- 



epya Tpbs rb Xofifidpeu' vo- 
fjutoviri^ they look upon all 
else as bye-work compared 
with gain; so in Lat. nihil 
ad — , nothing to—; Tpbs t^p 
d^ov, according to, by, de- 
sert; Tpbs ai\6p, to the flute; 
Tpbs <f>(as j3a5^^6cv, by lamp- 
light § 183 n. 10; often as 
paraphrase for an adv., t. 
plaPf against one's will; t. 
Kaip&Pj at the right time. 

TpoffayyiWu, cXu)^ to announce. 
Late word. 

Tpoaayop€(Mai Tpotrepw^ aor. x/wxr- 
eiTOPf to address, to call; 
roM ire x., I called thee by 
this name. Used as a com- 
pouiid of \4y<a, 

Tpoffopablbtap^f SuHTOff to hand 
up besides. 

Tpo<raT<^lb<afiif duaof, to pay be- 
sides; to add in order to com- 
plete; midd., to sell besides. 

TpoapdXKwj j9aXc!;, to bring upon, 
to apply, TUfi rt; to strike, rt; 
intr.,to attack, rev/ or x/>osrtra. 

x/Mxr/3X^xb>, yf/ujy to look at. 

x/EKNryeXdo;, Att. cD, dffOfULif to 
smile upon one, rtpd; to 
laugh at one, rtvL 

TpoffboKduff Att. Qy '/jffUt (5oKe6(i})t 
to expect. 

TpoffcifUf iffofiaif to belong to 
§ 107 n. 24. 

Tpiffeifii {etfii), used in ind., as 
fut., and in the other moods 
as pres., of Tpwripxofiai, 

Tp<Hr€iTOPt aor. in use of Tpoc- 
ayopcina. 

TpoffCKd^pw, to flog besides. 

Tpocepupepi^t 4si like, rtpL 

Tpo<r4pxofJuuj Tp6ff€ifUi aor. Tpo<r- 
ijXeop, to come or go to, to 
come forward, to approach; 
to come in, of income. 

x/MHT^w, f w, to bring to, to put 
in; esp. with or without rbp 

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VOCABULARY. 



pow, Tad or wp6s ri, to attend 
to § 108 n. 27, to giye one's 
mind to. 

r/>o0^ic(tf, to belong to, to be 
related to; impers. rpoo^irei, 
it belongs, it is fit ; xpoaiiKtt 
oi/deW df>y^f, no one has a 
share in the goyemment ; diya- 
Ooit (ffuw xpoiHiK€t etKOi, it be- 
comes you to be yirtuons; 
also with aco. and inf.; par- 
tic., belonging to; rd Tftwyfi- 
Kowrat one's duties ; ol xpoff'tj- 
KovTcSi relations. 

rpoffijXoia, Att. (3, wrw, to nail 
to, to fasten on, rt^. 

wpocTTjinis, 4s, gentle, friendly. 

vp6<T0€y, in poets sometimes 
TTpoade, prep, with gen., of 
place or time or preference, 
before; adv., in front, for- 
ward, formerly. 

vpoavriov, verbal adj. of Tp6<r- 
ec/tu, one must approach. 

TpocKwiuj, Att. (3, -ficopMLf to 
worship, to make obeisance to, 
rofd, as the orientals before 
their kings. 

rpoaXafifidiKa, Xi^^o/teu, to take 
besides, to win besides, to take 
to oneself. 

vpoaficofddvwy to learn besides. 

irp6ffodosy ov, ^, an approach, a 
procession to a temple; income, 
revenue, esp. in plur. 

TpocoKiWwf vaOv, to run a ship 
ashore. 

irpoffirai^, ^ofiai, to play with, 
rwl or 7rp6s two, ; to mock. 

wpo<FTaTT(i\€iiat to nail to. 

vpoffTiTOfiai, Tm^ffOfiaif to fly to, 
to come upon. 

r/MKnr/irrw, Treaovfiai, to fall on, 
to attack, to light upon, to be- 
fall ; rd Tpoarcadm-a, casual 
occurrences ; to supplicate. 

vpoarXiof, irXeiiffopuu, to sail to- 
wards. 



rpo<rToU<a, Att. w, i^«, to make 
over to; mostly in midd., to 
to win over, to claim; to pre- 
tend, with a neg.sdtMtmtUo. 

irpocwopl^ia^ u^ to procure be- 
sides. 

vptKnaynOyaTotfTh, a command 

rpoffrdrrUf {w, to enjoin, to com- 
mand. 

TpoffTiliKOfMi, with i>eTf. xpotni- 
TuiKOy to stick fast to; in late 
Greek, to be devoted to, to be 
unable to tear oneself from. 

xpoffrldri/Uf di}^(iy,to patto,toadd, 
to make over, bestow, impose, 
ascribe, rud ri; midd., to a- 
gree with, to associate with 
onesell 

TTpoffrpixtfi ipaptouficUf to run to- 
wards. 

Tpoff^pWf oUrWf to bring to, to 
apply to, to bring forward, to 
offer, to yield; midd., to deal 
with, Tid or 7rp6s rtya ; to take 
food or drink. 

TpoffipdWf <r(a, to make to grow 
on ; midd. with aor. irp<Hr4i^ 
and perf . rpotnr^ipvKa, to grow 
on, to cling fast to. 

7rp6(rWf adv., (Att. xbppw^ porrojy 
onwards, far ofi^ henoef orwiod ; 
with gen., x. Trjs pvkt6s, till a 
late hour of night; x. <ro4>las 
rfxeLPy to be far advanced in 
wisdom ; far from. 

vpdffdnrov, ov, r6, the face, the 
front ; a mask § 156 ; a person 
or character. 

vporelvwy ev(3, to hold oat, to 
offer, to propose. 

Kp&repovj adv., before § 113, fol- 
lowed by a gen., or by ff, or by 
wplv; ol T. ^Xoc, one's former 
friends § 127 n. 8. 

rp6TcpoSj a, op, (compar. from 
7rp6, like prior from prae ; cf. 
TpC^Toi), former, previous. 

Tporldrjfu, irpod'/jffb), to set before, 



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333 



to lay out, to publish, to pro- 
pose; to prefer, rl rumt, 
trpcri/id<af Att. (J, i7<rw, to prefer, 

Tivd TtPOS, 

irpcrp^Tw, yf/ta, to urge on. 
trpirrpkxy)^ SpafwOfuu, to run f or- 

'ward; to outrun, Tip6t. 
irpoihrToSi w, (contracted ^m 

wpdoTTott Tp6, 6^o/jMi)f fore* 



Trpovpyialrepos, a, of^ compar. 
from TpoCpyw (t/>6 ifyyov), ser- 
viceable, useful. 
Upovtrias^ ot;, 6, king of Bithynia, 
at whose court Hannibal found 
a refuge. 
trpoKfxdvWf w(Sf to manifest, to 

declare, to foreshew.* 
irp60a0'(f, 6(tff, i}, an occasion, a 

pretext. 
TTpotp^piJit Tpoolfffa^ to bring for- 
ward; to cast in one's teeth, 
Tipl Tij p. 76. 
xpo^^tf, t5of, ^, a prophetess. 
•rptpp€^f iasj 6, {prora, prow), a 

look-out man. 
UpiOToyinftf ovf, 6, a painter of 
Kaunos in Earia, who liyed in 
Bhodos in the time of Alex- 
ander. His most famous 
painting was one of lalysos, 
founder of Bhodos § 108. 
TpiSros, % or, (superl. from xpi, 
of. Tpdrepos), first; t/mSto, 
or rd Tp., as ady., in the first 
place §§ 127, 155. 
VTotctj <r(tf, {ttIttio), to stumble, 

to fall, to faU.^ 
md/mffiat, vrapWj aor. hrrapw^ 
to sneeze §§ 116 n. 8, 184 
n. 5. 
vreptofy 0% r6, {vhofMtj ptero- 

dactyl), a wing; feathers. 

imp6ta, Att. (3, (6<r«, to furnish 

with wings, to feather, to imp. 

Trifiv^, vyos, ^, (irre/)6r), a wing. 

trripoituLf arot, r6f a feathered 

arrow. 



TTto(itr6s, ij, 6w, or 6f, 6^, fea- 
thered, winged. 

wrrf¥^f ijy OP, feathered, winged, 
fleeting; rA m-., birds. 

m^0'w, (w, {fri-Ki-ta), to crouch, 
to cower. 

IlroXefuuof, ov, 6, sumamed So- 
ter, son of Lagos, one of the 
principal generals of Alexan- 
der, and founder of the Greek 
dynasty of his name in Egypt, 
died B.O. 288, aet. 84. 

WT^ffta^ (w, to fold. 

icTfaxtiw, ffw, to be a beggar, to 
beg. 

rrtax^s, i, h», or 6f, bp, beggarly; 
b T., a beggar. 

Tiry/ii^, ^, ^, (irtJf, Lat. |W^m«), 
a fist; boxing. 

TlvBaybpca, ov, 6, of Samos, a 
famous philosopher of the 
6th cent. B.C., who founded a 
school at Eroton famous for 
its rigorous discipline. 

Uvdaybpeiot, ov, 6, a Pythago- 
rean § Ul. 

Uv$ia, as, ^, the priestess of 
Apollo at Delphi. 

Uv6ii>9e, adv., to Pytho, i. e, Del- 
phi § 102. 

wuKpbs, 'fj, 6p, dosei crowded, 
frequent 

v^KTifi, ov, b, (Lat. pugiD, a 
boxer. 

riSKil, i7f , 4> ft gftte, a door; a 
pass. 

Ili^Xcor, a, OP, of Pylos (in Elis), 
surname of Nestor. 

TVp$dpo/iat, Tw^ofuu, to inquire, 
to learn. 

Tvp, pbt, t6, fire, which is of the 
same root. 

xv/xi, is, if, a faneral pyre. 

vvpyof, ou,6, {Germ. Burg, Engl. 
burgh), a tower. 

vvphrta, (w, (^^p), to be in a 
fever. 

wvpliTPouSf ovp, fire-breathing. 

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VOCABULARY. 



wvpii>\iyu>Pf 9i^<^, 6, flaming 
with fire § 95. 

Uiippa, as, ^, daughter of Epi- 
metheus and Pandora, wife of 
Denkalion. 

UOppoi, ow, 6, king of Epeiros, 
fought at Ipsos under Deme- 
trios Poliorketes b. o. 801, re- 
covered his throne b. o. 296, 
conquered Makedonia, b. o. 
287, invaded Italy b. c. 281, 
defeated the Romans on the 
river Siris b.o. 280, after an 
obstinate combat § 145; was 
slain B.C. 272 § 46. 

T(b, enclitic adv., yet. 

TibytaVf (opos, 6, the beard. 

truXito, Att. (3, T/i<rWf (monopoly), 
to sell; d'trod{i><rofAaif dTiddfiijv, 
x^pcuca, and in pass, vvirpd- 
ffKOfUUf ir€jrpdffOfJMif ixpddrjVt 
TiwpaiAaij supply other tenses. 

II(3\of, ov, 6, a sophist of Agri* 
gentum, pupil of Gorgias. 

xwXos, ou, 6 and ^, (fmllus, foal, 
filly), a colt or filly. 

x(tf/ia, arosy r6, (irtyw), a drink. 

wiinroTt, adv., ever yet, 

r(3s,interrog.adv.,how? nwsyiip 
o0=Lat. quidnif to be sure. 

wibs, enclitic adv., in some way, 
somehow, in a manner. 

&dpdos, ou, ij, a rod; a magic 
wand §§ 34, 115. 

*?a5dp.avdvs, i/os, o, son of Zeus 
and Europe, one of the judges 
in the nether world. 

P4Slos, a. Of, or os, ow, easy, ready; 
compar. fiiuv, superl. ^qiarot, 

^5/ws, adv., easily, lightly. 

^dvfdoj asy 4 carelessness, sloth. 

paltKaf ^tavCjy to sprinkle. 

^d/cos, ous, TOf a ragged garment, 
tatters. 

jtari^tay tw, to flog; to cuff. 

pq.arosy Iffy ov, superh of j^Sios; 
ws fifirra, as easily as we can 
§107. 



14^1 P^oPy compar. of ^^Edto;. 

'P^a, af, ii, daughter of Oura- 
nos and Gaia, and mother d 
Zeus. 

piyKQty ^Wy to snore. 

pixwy tj/uj, to sink, of the scale of 
a balance § 140 ad fin. 

p^Wf pewrofiai § 100 n. 12 or more 
often jivfyroiuiL, (rJiewn, Lai 
rtio), to run, to stream, to flow; 
to fall away. 

lyfawpx, ^«, (frango, break, 
wreck)y to break, to burst. 

p^lia, aros, to', (ipiS), a word, a 
saying. 

*Pi^y6ta, af, ^, a small island near 
Delos, where the Belians bu- 
ried their dead § 72. 

prjffu, ewj, ii, a saying, speech. 

*Frj(ros, ov, 6, king of Thirake, an 
ally of the Trojans ; killed by 
Diomedes and Odysseus, who 
carried off his white horses, 
on which the fate of Troy de- 
pended §§ 83, 150. A play, 
ascribed to Euripides, bears 
his name. 

prjTopiKds, 1^, Ay, oratorical; 6 p., an 
orator; ij /5. (r^vrf), rhetoric. 

I^up, opos, 6, (ipu)), an orator. 

^t7os, ovs, t6, frost, cold. 

^you), Att. fa;, itf(r<a, inf. ^i'ycujr, to 
be cold. 

jUl^a, ffs, ij, a root. 

^i^u), Att. ,fa), to plant; to fix 
firm. 

{tiiTTu, \lf<a, to throw, to cast. 

jltls,l>af6s, ij, [rhinoceroB), the nose. 

^^, /nirds, (Lat. scirpus), wicker- 
work; a mat. 

'P65to5, a, ov, Bhodian; 6 'P., a 
Bhodian. 

'P65os, ov, ij, an island and city 
in the Earpathian sea, on the 
coast of Karia, sacred to He- 

^ lies. 

^iraXofi ov, t6, a club. 

/Join;, ijs, ij, (fixuj), turn of the 



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335 



scale, crisis; weight thrown 
in. 

fiwapos, d, otff filthy. 

* Potato;, oVf 6, a Boman. 

"PJjfirf, i;s, ^, Borne. 

piJb/iTjy 7JS, ijf strength, force. 

ftJivvviUy ^iSxrWf to strengthen 
§ 123 n. 17 ; generally in pass., 
to pat forth strength; in im- 
perat.rsLat. vale^ farewell. 

2aXafUs, Tpos, if, an island, city 
and harbour, opposite to A- 
thens; famous for the defeat of 
Xerxes by the Greeks b. c. 480, 
of which Aischylos, who fought 
in the battle, gives an account 
in his * Persians' §§ 27, 106. 

^ciX/ivbriffos, out o, a city of 
Thrake on the Black Sea § 116. 

SaX/icuvei^s, ^wr, 6, son of Aiolos, 
cast into Tartaros by Zeus 
for his impious imitation of 
thunder and lightning § 124. 

<raXTifw, /f w (according to others 
^y^^)i to sound the trumpet. 

XdfJLOi, oUf if, now Samo, one of 
the largest islands in the Ai- 
gaian sea, ofE the coast of 
Ionia. 

<rdv5a\oVy ot;, ro, ((ravi's, a plank), 
a wooden sole, a sandal. 

aairpos, a, w, (<n^w), rotten, 
decayed. 

^apSaydwaWoiy ou, d, the last 
king of Assyria, generally 
placed in the ninth cent. b. c. ; 
his date and all the events of 
Ms history are very uncertain 
§114. 

2apdf(f, €<avy al, the capital of 
Lydia, afterwards residence 
of a Persian satrap § 143. 

<rdp(, (rapKos, 17, (sarcophagus), 
flesh. 

Zapvrfdtbv, 6uos, 6, son of Zeus 
and Europe, and brother of 
Minos, founder of the Lykian 
monarchy. 



<ravTou, ffavr^iy travroVf of thy- 
self, etc. reflexive pron., con- 
tracted from aeavToD. 

<ra(t)-fiiy ^s, {<ro<l>6s, sapid), plain, 
clear, certain. 

(ra(f>ws, adv., certainly, truly. 

<T^4ais, €ws, if, {ci^dyvvfu), a 
quenching, extinction. 

Se/Sao-ros, oO, d, (Sebastoipol),^ 
the Lat. Augvsttis § 103. 

(T^fito or ffi^ofiat, to honour, re- 
verence, worship. 

(ridev, poetic for aoVj gen. of o-iiJ. 

"Zeipifv, ijvos, if, in plur., maidens 
on the coast of an island in 
the western sea, who allured 
voyagers by their song, and 
drew them towards land 
until they were shipwrecked 
§§ 109, 153. 

ffetuj (Tu), to shake, to move. 

<rAay, aosj to, (cf. aeXiffvrf), bright- 
ness, a flash. 

ZiXevKos, ovj 6, S. I. Nikator, 
one of the leaders of the 
phalanx under Alexander ; 
after Alexander's death he 
received the government of 
Babylon, and gradually ex- 
tended his empire until it 
comprised all Asia between 
India and the Mediterranean. 
From him the Aera Seleuci- 
darum (1 Oct. B.C. 312) takes 
date , and numerous cities were 
called Seleukeia. He was 
murdered b.c. 281 § 71. 

ffeXi^inff, 7fs, iff (<rAas), the moon. 

(TiKivov, ov, TO, parsley (which is 
from ireTpoaiXiPop, rock-pars- 
ley, Fr. persil, Dutch peter- 
selie; Old Engl, peraely) § 
114 n. 32^ 

XeXivous, ovvTos, 6, name of 
several rivers and cities, esp. 
a Dorian colony from Me- 
gara, situated on a hill on 
the S. coast of Sicily. 



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70CABVLAR7. 



X€fU\% 1^ 4, daughter of Kad* 
mo8, mother of Dionysos by 
ZeoB. 

Ze/ilpafutf iSof, ^ queen of As- 
8 jria, successor to her husband 
Ninos; the is said to have 
built Babylon § 150. 

ffefiw6t, ij, ^, {ffipofiai)t revered, 
holy, solemn, stately, fine, 
lordly. 

c^fAcit arof, r^, (««maphore), a 
sign, a signal, a mark; a 
mounds Lat. tumulus, 

ffi^lwJtwatt omQ, to indicate, to 
order; to giye the signal, to 
declare; to mean § 110. 

<ny/i«?or, ov, r^, {semeiology)^ a 
sign, a signal; a standard, a 
device, a seal; a proof. 

aijfiepoi't adv., to-day {iifiipa^ cf, 
rifrest *his year, from iros). 

(rijty <re6r, o, a moth. 

<xdivo%ouSir6y {sthenic), strength, 
might. Used in prose in the 
phrase wam-i ffdipet, with all 
one's might. 

ff$4wWf to be strong, to be able. 
Poetic word. 

ffiydv, Att. (3, i^ofjMi, to be si- 
lent. 

SfY«ior, ow, r6, a promontory in 
Troas, with a city of the same 
name §§ 125 n. 16, 157. 

^^r^ ^h ^t aUenoe; fftyi, ad- 
verbifjly, in silence. 

2/«iy, i7f, i, wife of Orion § 121. 

ffldnipotf ov, 6, {siderite, sidero- 
scope), iron: vvpl kcU aiSi^ptfii 
with fire and sword. 

ffidrifHHpopiiay Att. w, iljaWf to bear 
arms. 

lihifHi, ti^ 4, wife of Salmo- 
neus § 24. 

Z(d(^, wposy iit an ancient dty of 
Phoinikia, north of Tyre, fa- 
mous for its trade in tne days 
of the prophets and of Homer. 

XiSdnot, a, or, Sidcmian* 



XiKtXla, at, ^ Sicily. 

Xifuai^ldflSf ov, 6y a lyric poet of 
Eeos, bom b.c. 559, died b.c 
469 at Syracnse. He com- 
memorated the Greek heroes 
of the Persian wars in elegies 
and epigrams, some of which 
remain. Among his friends 
and patrons were Hipparehos, 
the Thessalian Alent^ai and 
Skopadai, Themistokles, Hiero 
§145. 

Xwdolj wp, ol, a people of Asiatie 
Sarmatia, on the £. coast of 
the Black Sea, at the foot of 
Mt. Eaukasos. 

Siyonreih, itas, 6, a man of Si- 
nope, the most ancient and 
important Greek colony on 
the coast of the Black Sea; it 
lay on a peninsula in Paphla- 
gonia. Diogenes the Gynie 
and Diphilos the comic {loet 
were bom here § 157- 

ffirapKibtt Att. (3, i^w, to snpply 
with provisions. Late w^l 

9ir6Kovpoty oPf {K€ip(a)t a bread- 
waster,/ru^«8 consumerenatus. 

0yrof, oVf 6f plur. rd aira, (para- 
site)t ooniy bread, food. 

ffiWTdw, Co, iiaoiMUf to be silent, 
to keep secret. 

ffiwrii, ^s, ^, silence; o-conr^, ad- 
verbially, in silence. 

tf-zcaidf, <£, OP, (Lat. scaevus^ Germ. 
schief, Engl, skew), left; mi- 
lucky; clumsy. 

(T/cdirrw, ^w, to dig. 

(TKdupri, rjs, ij, (scapkite, scaphoid^, 
a tub; a boat. 

(rKd<fnop, ov, t6, diminutive of 
ffKd4>ii. 

ffKdf/>os, ovs, TO, the hull of a ship, 
a ship. 

ffKiXoff ovs, t6, (iBOsceles), the 
leg. 

ffKevof, ovs, r6, a vessel; rd o-., 
furniture, baggage. 



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337 



^nnfp4a, Att. la, i/jtrtif to dwell in 

a tent, to be encamped. 
tricrivbwy Att. (3, (bvu^ (scene), to 

encamp. 
ZSKrriritaw, vpos, 6, I. P. Cornelias 
Scipio Africanus Maior, who 
defeated Hannibal at Zama 
B.C. 202 §83 ad fin. ii. P. Cor- 
nelius Scipio Aemilianus Airi- 
oanos Minor, son of Aemilius 
Paullus, adopted by no. i. He 
•vras the friend of Polybioe and 
liaelios, and destroyed Car- 
thage in the 8rd Pmiic war 
B.C. 146 § 70. III. Q. Caeci- 
lius, Q. T. Metellos Pius Sci- 
pio, cons. B.C. 52, defeated by 
Caesar at Thapsns B.C. 46 
§103. 
CKV^rrpWf oUf rb^ (sceptre), a 

staff, a baton; dominion. 
CKidf Sf, ij, {sciagraphy), a sha- 
dow. 
0^k\rip6s, dj Wy (<ricAX<tf, to dry, 
sclerotic), hard, rough, stiff, 

, stubborn. 

c-KKrjp6TTif, TfTQt, ij, hardness, 
harshness. 

0Kmri(a, Att. c9, <rKhif9iiax, fffxtfi- 
puu, (horoscope, microscope), 
to behold, to consider, to ex- 
amine. 

VKopwlot, ov, 6, a scorpion; the 
constellation Scorpion § 142 
n. 25; a sea-fish ibid. 

ffKbros, ov, 6, or ovs, t6, (scotomy), 
darkness. 

"ZKuOia, 9.i, % the ancient name 
for tiie S. of Bussia, between 
the Danube and the Don. 

'ZK^Oift^ w, 6, a name given to 
all unknown northern and 
K.E. peoples beyond the Da- 
nube and the Black Sea. 

'ZnvOtxht, ii, 6w, Skythian. 

CKvOfnawdiia^ durWf to look sul- 
len. 

^KtSKKOf fp, ^, % Bea-monster, 



who lived in the Sicilian strait 
in a cave. 

<rK<JI>\fl^, fjKos, 6, a worm. 

cKtbTTw, \J/ta, {sceptical), tomoek, 
to jest. 

^fUpiis, loT, 6y a Magian, who 
gave himself out for the true 
Smerdis, brother of Eambyses, 
whom Kambyses had slain. 
After the death of Kambyses 
the Pseudo- Smerdis reigned 
for a few months, but was 
slain by conspirators § 79. 

<r/tJ7/ui, arof, r6, {tr/iwa, to scour), 
soap. 

^SXuif, avoti 6, the legislator of 
Athens, bom cir. 640—630 
B. c, died 559. Fragments of 
his elegies remain, mostly 
political and philosophical § 
119. ^ 

irop6s, ov, ij, a funeral Tizn, a 
coffin. 

ehst (rif, (r6v, thine. 

ffoi^a, as, ij, {pYniosophy), wis- 
dom, skill. 

ffOipiarrfSi ov, 6, (ffo^^o/ucu), fr 
sophist, a quibbler ; originally, 
a master of his craft, a sage ; 
in later times, a rhetorician. 

Zo^kX^, 4ovs, h, of Eolonos, 
the tragic poet, bom circa 
B. 0. 497, died B.C. 406 § 106. 

ffo4>6s, rj, 6if, {sapiens), wise, 
skilful. 

(To^f, adv., wisely. 

cvavLm, adv., seldom, scantily. 

(Twdpyayoi^, ov, rb, in plur., swad*' 
dling clothes. • 

ZTdpTij, ijf, 1^, the capital of 
Lakonia in Peloponnesos. 

^waprtdnfis, ov, 6, a Spartan. 

ffirdia, Att. (rT(3, da^ct, to draw, to 
tear, to drink. 

(TT€ifM, e/)(3, (spargo), to sow; to 
beget; to strew. 

ffrMw, ffwelffv, to pour a drink- 
offering, to pour; midd., to 

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make peace, rty{ or Tp6t rt- 
pa. 

ffripfuif cirof, t6, («p«nitaoeti, 
gpiniotperm)t seed; deeoent; 
offspring. 

ffweviWf <rW| to hasten ; to striye 
after ; to promote ; more often 
intrans. as in midd., to press 
onward; to be eager (to do 
something). 

Zw€v<riTTott ow, 6, bom dr. 395 
B. c, succeeded his nnde 
Plato as head of the Academy, 
but was compelled by iU- 
health to resign in favoiir of 
Xenokrates b.c. 839. He 
died by his own hand b. c. 334. 

ffTrjXaiw, ov, t<5, {spelaeumt ape- 
lunca)t a cave. 

ffxXdyxf^oi^t ovt TOt the inward 
parts ; the heart, as the seat 
of affection. 

ffrXtfUoUf ov, TOt a bandage. 

cirovSiit ijs, i;, (ffTrivBw^ syondeo), 
a drink-offering; cU <r., a 
treaty. 

owovbd^i ffofjuu, (<rirei^a>), to be 
eager; to be in earnest; to be 
busy upon. 

ffirovdaiot, a, oVf good, excel- 
lent. 

cirovdii, ^f, 7j, (<rT6i^a;), eager- 
ness, haste, pains, earnest. 

XraycipelTTfSt ov, d, a man of 
Stageira in Makedonia, near 
the Strymon, Aristotle's birth- 
place § 140. 

<TTO.y(av^ ovosy rj, ((rrafw), a drop. 

o-raSteifs, ^ws, d, a runner in the 
foot-race. 

ffrddiovt ov, r6j plur. ol ordBioi 
or rd (TTddia, a measure of 
length = 606}f t. ; a race-course. 

ffradfiost oO, d, plur. ol <r. or rd 
(rradfidy {tarrifu), a stall; quar- 
ters; a stage on the Persian 
high roads, a day's journey, 
generally =5 parasangs; the 



weight of a balance; a bal* 
ance. 

^rcM-td^w, dffw, (tfTcCtf-if), to re- 
volt, to quarrel. 

trrdnf, eois, i^, a Btanding, a 
position, state; faction. 

aTavp6s, ov, 6, (tjrij^), a stake; a 
cross. 

ffreixta, (vestigium, Germ. tUi- 
gen), to go up, to c^proa^di, 
to march. Poetio. 

oT^XXbi, rreXJ, to arrange, to 
make ready, to despatdi; 
midd. with aor. pass. ^orcCX^, 
to set out. 

oT^/A/ia, arof, ro, (ariipca, Lai 
stemma), a chaplet. 

<rr€vdi^(Pf ^w, (oT^vw), to groan. 

orewf, ^, w, (stenography), nar- 
row, close. 

crT€yox(i>pia, asy i}, narrowness (rf 
space, straits. 

<rT€V(ar6if di', narrow. 

ffT€pi<i), Att. (3, fut. (?y to depiiy^ 
Ttyds. 

ffripijiTis, €wf, ^, privation, loss, 
Ttvds. 

ffrkpvovy ow, TO, thetbreast. 

oT^^cwos, ov, d» ((irr^w), a crown. 

ere^vow, Att. d), c&trctf, to crown. 

oTTjOos, ovs, TO, (s£et/k)Scope), tiie 
breast. 

oTiJXi;, i;y, ^ O^iyAM), a block of 
stone, a gravestone. 

^Tfiffixflpeios, a, Wy belonging to 
Stesichoros § 106. 

^rrjfflxopos, ov, d, of Himera, 
circ. 645 — 560 B.C., a famous 
lyric poet. By the fable of 
the horse and the stag he is 
said to have warned his fellow- 
citizens against Phalaris. 

ffrlyfMy aro$, to, (<rrifiw, ttivm- 
Ins, 8tigma)y a brand. 

<rr£^, irTl^<i>f to prick, to brand. 

^TLXwfav, iovoSf d, of Megara, one 
of the principal philosophers 
of the school of Megara, who 



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339 



flonxisbed circa b.c. 800 § 
108. 

ro<£, av, % a piazza or cloister; 
esp. the <r. irooc^Xi;, (see voixi- 
Xos), in whicl^ Zeno and his 
followers, thence called Stoics, 
or the school of *the Porch*, 
taught, §§ 4 n. 12, 135 n. 15. 
roXi^, ^f, ^, (<rr/XX«, $tole), 

dress, a robe. 
roXoij ou, 0, (<rrAX(a), an equip- 
meiit, an expedition, a fleet. 
TopLCL, aroiy rSf the mouth; 
-words, style § 104; the mouth 
of a river, an outlet. 
•TofjLLoVf ov, r6, a mouth; a bit. 
Topiwviii, (Lat. steiTw, strew), 
to spread, to level, to pave, to 
bestrew. 
rr par el Of as, i^, an expedition, 

a campaign. 
rrpare^w and oftcu, &w and ffoftai, 
to serve in war, to take the 
field. 
arparfiyiwy Att. w, i^aw, (stra- 
tegy), to be a general § 79; to 
command an army. 
erparrfyiKOi, i}, 6v, (strategic), 
belonging to a general; fit for 
command. 
(TTparTiyos, oO, o, (ffrparos, ify^o- 
ftai)t a general; at Athens one 
of 10 officers yearly elected to 
command the army and navy. 
ffTparriKdrriSt ou, o, (AoiJi'w), a 

general 
(rrparid, ay, ^, an army. 
(rrpandlyrrfs, ou, o, a soldier. 
<rrparuaTiK6s, rf, ov, belonging to 
soldiers ; military ; soldier- 
like. 
^TparovlKti, rfs, i^, daughter of 
Bemetrios Poliorketes, wife i. 
of Seleukos Nikator, ii. of his 
son Antigonos Soter § 71. 
orpaTiircSov, ou, ro, a camp, an 

army; a squadron. 
9Tpeirr6if ovt 6, (sc. k^kXos), a 



collar, Lat. torques § 89 n. 

16. 
CTp4^(at rpuff to turn, to twist, to 

torture ; mldd., to turn round, 

to revolve. 
crpoyy{\oSf 7f, or, round ; of style, 

well-rounded, terse. 
<rrpov$lov, ov, r6, dimln. of arpov- 

irrpw$6s, oOy 6 and ij, a sparrow. 

<rrpo4njy ijs, ^, (arp^ipufj strophe), 
a turning; a revolution, a cir- 
cling § 127. 

<rrvyi(a, Att. w, ij(r«, to hate. 

(TTuXof, ou, 6, (tffTTjfu), a pillar. 

2r(aiJr^9, ij, 6v, Stoic, cf. ffrod. 

<r6, <roOt (tu, Germ. Du), thou. 

ffvyyar/ft, ^y, (yiyvofuai), of the 
same race, akin; oL c, rela- 
tions. 

(TvyyertKoy, ^, 6p, due to kins- 
men. 

ffvyylyifOfiai, yeviiiroficu, to con- 
sort with ; to live with, as a 
pupil with a master § 69 n. 
14. 

iFvyyrdfirj, ijs, ^, pardon. 

ffi6yypafifjLa, OToy, r6, a writing; 
a work. 

cvyKara^alwiay prfffoficu, to go 
down together; to come to 
one's aid ; to condescend. 

ovyKaraSdirrto, ^, to bury with 
one. 

(rvyKaraK&uf, to bum along with 
one. 

cvyKepdywv/u, dffta, to mix toge- 
ther, to unite. 

(rvy/coTTw, ^«, to cut up; to be- 
labour, to weary. 

<rv7x^Wi 'ut. x^w, to pour toge- 
ther, to confound. 

ffvyx(ap4(a, Att. w, t^au, or i/crojaac, 
to meet, to give way, to yield, 
to agree to. 

ffvyx(^pV<^tt, ewy, -i^, consent. 

ifvjyvyrufju, ^TeiJ^w, (syzygy), tor- 
yoke together, to couple. 

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340 



VOCABULARY. 



ffvKrjt ^, ^, the fig-tree. 

9UK09y ovj t6, (fycomore), a fig. 

ffVKOpawrifa^ Att. (3, i^aia, to be 
an informer, to slander. 

avKo^tdtrrritf ov, o, {sycophant) t 
an informer, a slanderer. 

ffvXddf, Att. (3, i7<rw, to strip, to 
plunder. 

<rvXXa/3i7, ris, ^, a syllable. 

trvXXo/tjSdi'w, Xiixj/ofMit to seize, 
to comprehend, to collect ; to 
help, Tudf in midd., to take 
part in, Taf6s, 

X6\\ai, a, d, L. Cornelias Sulla 
Felix, the dictator, bom b.o. 
138, died b.o. 78 § 120. 

evKKiyujy ^w, to collect, to as- 
semble. 

ZvXoa-uv, idtfTos^ d, brother of 
Polykrates § 25 n. 24. 

trvn^aivw, firjaofiatf to agree, 
Twi; mostly impers., ffufi^ai- 
VH, it falls out, turns out, re- 
sults. 

eufjL^dWtOf /SaXw, to put together; 
to contribute (asp. in midd.); 
to conclude; to reckon; in- 
trans., to meet, rivl. 

ffviA^oKovy ov, rOf (<ru/i^(iXX«, aym- 
bol)y a token, a signal, an em- 
blem, a covenant. 

<ri//ij3oi;\eiJ«, <rw, to advise, rtvL; 
midd., to consult with, to take 
counsel ; to deliberate. 

ffOfjipouXoSf ovy 6f an adviser. 

ffufifiax^(af Att. (S, T^ffUj to be an 
ally, to succour, rm. 

cvfifiaxia, as, 17, an alliance, 
offensive and defensive. 

fVfifidxofiaiy ovfiaii to fight as 
an ally of, tipL 

o'vfifiaxoSj ovj o, an ally. 

cv/ifiera^dKXujf /SaXcS, to chtuige 
at the same time with. 

cvfiirasi av/xva<Ta, avfiiraVf all 
together, the whole. 

cvfiiripujj vlofiaif to drink to- 
gether. 



ffVfiTlTTWf r€<rovfiai, to come to 
blows; to meet with: to 
happen; to fall in. 

<ru/iTX4K<a, ^«, to twist together; 
to lock together; pass, to 
grapple with. 

avfiirX^Wt irXtvaofxai, to sail to- 
gether; ol ffvfiwXiotn-es, ship- 
mates. 

<TVfiTXovif ovy, 6 <r., a shipmate. 

ffUfiTov4(a, Att. <3, 7y<rw, to work 
together. 

cvfiv6<Tiw, ov, t6, (av/jLvlpia), a 
drinking-party, a feast. 

cvtuf>4piay ffwoiata, to be of use; 
T6<ri;/A^pw,advantage; midd., 
to agree with, to turn out. 

ffvfupopd, as, ij, an accident, a 
misfortune. 

ffvp OT |w, (Lat. cum), prep, 
with dat.,with, together with; 
<r. Tois dcots, by the help of 
the gods; ol (rvv rcvt, one's 
troops; aiiv ry pS/jup, accord- 
ing to the law. 

ffwdyWf ^w, to bring together, to 
unite ; to narrow. 

' (Tvvaybtpi^fiaL, lovfjuiiy to aid in 
a contest, to second, rtW. 

crvvaKoXovOiciJt Att. «, ij<r«, to 
follow, Tud. 

cwaXlffKOfiai, Xwrofuu, to be 
taken prisoner together with. 

ffwam-dw, Att. w, ij<rw, to meet^ 
Tivi. 

(TwdiTTw, fw, to join together; 
to frame; <r. fidxij^t to join 
battle ; a. X6ymf^ to enter- into 
conversation; intrans., to be 
near; to join. 

ffwapwd^ufy <r(a, to carry away; 
to catch. 

cwdxBofuu, $4<rofjMi, to monm 
with, Ttpl, 

ffvpSiu), d-^ffcj, to bind together. 

ffwdiarpL^u), ^j/to, to live with ; 
esp. as disciples with a master. 

(TwdoKiUf d6^<a or poetic doK^ta, 

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341 



to seem good to another also ; 
impers. vwboKei^— placet. 

<rw€Bli(a^ i&y to accustom. 

o-we^toT^ir, verbal adj., one must 
accustom. 

<rwettiy<rtj, cwt, i}, conscience. 

avv€ifUi iffojiai, to be together, to 
be acquainted with, to live 
•with; to attend, as a pupil. 

crvvec/tt, (et/ic), used in ind. as 
Int., in the other moods as 
pres. of cvvipxoiiai, 

cvP€py4(at Att. w, i^w, to work 
with, to support, riy/. 

awipxofKUt (Tih'et^i, to come or 
go with ; to meet. 

avweaitj c«s, 17, {avylrjfu), intelli- 
gence. 

awetrndu), Att. «, in midd., to 
feast together. 

awerSsy ij, 6vy (^wtiy^tM), I. in- 
telligent; II. intelligible. 

avwexiftt iii continuous, un- 
ceasing. 

4rvp4x^i ^^i ^ ^old together, to 
support ; pass., to be distress- 
ed, affected by. 

awex^^i *dv., continually. 

frum^o/ioc, rj<r$rj(roficUi to rejoice 
with, to congratulate, rivl, 

ffvirrfdeLaf as, 1^, intercourse, 
custom. 

cvprjBrjif €s, accustomed, usual, 
customary; ol cr., acquaint- 
ances. 

a^v0^oSi or, compound. 

iTwlrffUf ijirvj to perceiYe,to under- 
stand. 

ffwiffTtifUf ffvffTrja'v, to bring 
together, to unite, to form; 
to introduce; midd., with 2 
aor. and perf. act., to meet, 
rari; to consist § 113 n. 10; 
to hold together § 141. 

avvoSoiwopiUf Att. (3, i7<rw, to 
travel together. Late word. 

#iWda, ffvweliTOfiatt to be privy 
to; ffipoiSa ieb* elpyao'fiiposi 



I am conscious of having 
committed a fearful deed; 
(Tvwoida ifiavTfp dyriX^ytw ov 
5vvafi4v(fit I am conscious oi 
my inability to answer. 

(rvfOLKl^t «3, to join in one 
city. 

ffwoiKoSy ovt living with, wedded 
to, Tivl, 

a-vpowriOf aj, ^, a friendly meet- 
ing, a party ; society. 

avrrdrrwy f w, tp arrange, ordain, 
compose; in grammar, to use 
in a certain construction. 

cwT^fivu), fMf to cut up; to cut 
short, to curtail; to speak 
briefly. 

ffvprldrifu, ffvvdri9<ay to lay to- 
gether, to frame, to unite; 
midd., to agree, rofl re, to 
something with some one. 

ffwrSfiiaSy adv. {ffvyr^fivu)), short- 
ly; briefly. 

cupTp4x<^i ^pa/jLoOfiai, to unite, 
to concur, to meet. 

(TVPTpl^Wt ^(Of to shatter, to 
crush. 

avtrrpoipos, ov, bred together, 
living with, inbred. 

Zvpcucoa-iost a, oi^, Syracusan. 

^vpaKowraif <2v, ai, Syracuse, 
the chief city of Sicily, a 
Dorian colony, founded by 
Archias b. c. 736. 

Zvpla, a$, 1), a country of Asia, 
E. of Palestine, Phoinikia, 
and the Mediterranean, S. of 
Kappadokia, W. of the Eu- 
phrates, N. of Arabia. 

ffvptryfiosi ov, <J, (ffvpima)^ a 
piping; a whistle; a hissing. 

avpLxoii 01;, 6, a basket. 

Ivpoiy ov, 6, a Syrian; name of 
a slave § 153 n. 16. 

vv/Ki;, {8yrma)j to draw. 

ffvs, ffvbs, 6y and 1^, (sus, sotr), a 
swine, boar or sow. 

ffwrrevdut to help on« 

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VOCABULARY. 



wv^tririop, w, r6, a common 
meal, a mess. 

ffvxj^6s, i/j, OP, long, frequent, 
much. 

c^^cor, ov, t6, {ff^^ia)f a victim. 

<r0a^w or c^ma, (w, to alangh- 
ter, to sacrifice. 

<r^\Xw, aXw, (faUo, faU, fell, 
fail), to trip up, to overthrow; 
pass., to tin, to be ruined. 

0^, ace. pi. enclitic of cfch, 
them; in Att. poets, also sing., 
Mm, her. 

a^ts, c(fMw, they, them. 

ffiprfii^, riK6f, 6, (Lat. vetpii)^ a 
wasp. 

ff^tlyyta, y^ta, to bind tight, to 
squeeze. 

20^71, 7701, ^, a monster, with 
the bcKly of a lion, and the 
head and shoulders of a wo- 
man, which destroyed all the 
Thebans who could not solve 
her riddle; when Oidipous 
solved it, she threw herself 
headlong from her rock. 

triplv, poet. dat. from <r0etr ; some- 
times sing. 

^r^dpa, adv., exceedingly. 

(Ti/xb, dual nom. and ace. from <rv, 

iTx^hbv, adv., (ix"^)* T^'^^^i almost, 
about. 

0X%ia, oros, t6, (^«, scheme), 
figure, form § 50; air § 66 ad 
fin.; look, fashion, character, 
kind. 

irxpLvLov, ov, t6, a rope, (for hang- 
ing oneself § 65). 

0X0\affTiK6s, ov, 6, {scholastic), a 
school-pedant, a dominie. 

«rXoXi), ijs, 4 (school), leisure; 
Karii (rxoX-ipf, at leisure § 103 ; 
with gen., rest from ; idleness; 
a lecture; a school § 46 ad fin. 

0'(6rw, <rw, to save, to preserve ; 
pass., to prosper, to escape. 

'Ziaupdrnii, ovs, i, the Athenian 
philosopher, son of Sophronis- 



kos, bom B.0. 469, eonderanad 
to death b.c. 899. He 'brought 
down philosophy from, heaven 
to earth,' leaving the physiotl 
theories of his predeoeeecm 
for practical morality. He 
left no work behind him, but 
the later schools of Greek phi- 
losophy may all be traced op, 
mediately or immediately, to 
his influence. 

ffQfjM, aros, rd, the body. 

<rwfAaTO€idTfls, 4s, corporeal. 

<r<ap6s, ov, &, a heap. 

ItiixrrpaTos, ov, 6, a flute-player. 

(TwnJ/), ijpos, 6, (trti^), a saviour, 
preserver. 

ffumtpia, as, ^, deliyeranoe, safe- 
ty; with gen. § 119 lu 21. 

2ofippcipUrKos, ov, i, an Athenian 
sculptor, father of Sokrates. 

<rwf>pci4(a, Att. cS, i^w, to be of 
sound mind, to be temperate. 

ffwppo<r6v7h ij$, ^, pmdence, tem- 
perance. 

ff(h4>piav, w, (<rw$, ^pi^), prudent, 
temperate. 

TotWo, ot, ^, (rdvta, taenia), a 
band, fillet; a strip of lanc^ a 
sandbank. 

ToKaiTfapiu), w, i^w, (also in 
midd.), to endure hardship. 

Ta\alT(apos, op, wretched. 

raXcuTt^/txjs, adv., miserably. 

riXoPTov^ ov, t6, (tX^wu), a ba- j 
lance § 140 ad fin.; a talent 

r<£Xas, cuva, av, (rX^i'eu),wretched. 

rdXXa, i. e, rd 6Xka § 105. 

rofuaop, ov, t6, {rofdas, r^fipul), 
a magazine, store. 

Tafiiis, a, 6, of Memphis, admi- 
ral under the younger Eyros 
§143. 

Tdtn-aXosj ov, 6, father of Pelops 
and Niobe, admitted to the 
table of the gods; for some 
sin, variously described, he 

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343 



^as condemned to eternal 
thirst in the midst of water 
and hunger though the finest 
fruit hung before him ; others 
state that his punishment was 
a stone, ever threatening to 
crush him; hence the verb to 
tantaUse, 
rd^u, eufSt ii, order, one's post in 
battle; rd^ XeiTctr, to desert 
one's post ; rank, position. 
xaxecy6t, ^, 6Pt low, mean, down- 
cast, base. 

Taretpow, Att. cu, (!>^(a, to humble, 
to abase. 

TCLpayfids, w, 6, (ra/xirrw), a dis- 
turbance. 

TapawrivoSi % w, of Tdpas or 
Tarentum, one of the greatest 
cities of Apulia, on tiie gulf 
which bears its name ; i T., a 
man of Tarentum. 

rapdrru, ^w, to trouble, to con- 
foitnd. 

rapaxfi, n^ ^» confusion, trouble. 

ro/Mxci^d', <r(u, to embalm ; to pre- 
serve meat. 

rap(xo^»ot;r, TO, dried or smoked 
fish. § 145. 

TapabSf od^ ^, capital of Eilikia, 
built on both sides of the 
liver Kydnoe ; a great seat of 
learning, and the birth-place 
of St PauL 

Tdfyrapot, ov, d, plur. ri. Tdprapa, 
the lower world, the place of 
punishment of the wicked § 6. 

TaprfyraipSi a, w, of Tartessos, 
the Tarshish of the O. T., a 
district of Spain near Cadiz, 
from which the Phoinikians 
brought the precious metals. 

Tarro^, Iw, {tactics)^ to arrange, 

to appoint, with inf. § 100. 
Tavp4asy ou, 6, see § 69 n. 25. 

TaO/Ku, wPf o2, the mhabitants of 
the Tauric Ghersonesos {Cri- 
ma) § 40. 



ravpost ov, o, {taurtu), a buU. 
rdtfwSf ou, 6, {darrta), a burial; 

a tomb, 
rax^wj, adv., quickly. 
T<£xt(rTa,very quickly; &irdxt<na, 

as soon as ever § 121 n. 28; 

elsewhere, with all speed, 
rdxos, out, r6, quickness. 
roxiJs, eta, tf, quick, fleet; roxiJ, 

as adv., quickly § 62 ; compar. 

Bdmaw (less often Taxi(»>v), 

superl. Taxt<rTos. 
raxvHjs, rjTos^ i^, swiftness, 
ratios, (tf, 0, {pavo)f a peacock. 
T€, enditic particle, and; re... re, 

orreKcU and... also. 
T4da/ifMij perf . pass, of Odrrta. 
reiviaj reyQ, {Undo, toney thin, 

tension), to strain, to extend; 

intrans., to stretch, rerafi^vop 

iffri, extends, reaches § 91 

n. 12. 
Teipefflatf ov, 6, a blind seer of 

Thebes §§ 99, 132. 
reix^^tf) Mf to build a wall, to 

fortify. 
Tetxos, ovSf t6, {ritfrtap, rei^x^i 

texo), a wall. 
TCKfA'ffpiop, ov, t6, a proo^ an 

evidence. 
riKvoy, ou, t6j (r/icrw), a child. 
T€Kp6<ay Att. (S, (bffdff to beget; 

midd., to bear; pass., to be 

bom. 
t€ictovlk6s, ij, 6vf skilled in build- 
ing; ^ T. T^i'iy, carpentry. 
riicrtav, wot, 6, (architect), a car- 
penter, a builder, a workman. 
T€K(ji>v, hvTot, 0, (aor, part, of 

rlicna), a parent. 
TeXa/uSv, ^voi, 6, king of Sa- 

lamis, son of Aiakos, and 

father of Aias, an Argonaut 

and hunter of the Ealydonian 

boar § 157. 
rAeto;, a, op, or os, w, perfect, 

entire, fulfilled. 
reX646w, Att. cD, (60'», to fulfil; 



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pMt., to oome to full age 
§96. 

TffXcr^, ^, ^, (reX^w), initiation 
in tiie mysteries; pIoTm mystic 
rites. 

reXevrcubfy a, or, (riXevnJ), 
last. 

reXcvrdtf, Att. ^, i^w, to com- 
plete, finish ; with or without 
/3<or, to die § 93; to end; re- 
Xevrc^, at last. 

rtKK\rH\^ ^, 4, (rcX^w), an end; 
death. 

reXitf, Att. ^, fat. 0>, to fulfil, 
to end; to pay §100. 

reX/MTi^iTf, <f, marshy. 

rAot, ovt, t6, an end, an aim; 
rhr.^ the chief good,/7it< bono- 
rum; riXoSj aoo., at last § 81 
n. 27; an office, t4 riXrj or 
ol ^1^ rAcct the government; 
a tax; in plur., the mysteries 
§ 101 n. 14. 

re/ulxiov, ov, T6t {riftvu), a slice 
of salt-fish. 

rifupos, ovs, r6t a glebe, a sacred 
precinct. 

Tiiuna^ T€/A(d, (anatomy), to cut, 
to fell, to devastate. 

Wpas, arof, t6i a wonder, a sign, 
a monster. 

tipfia, aros, to, (termimu, term)^ 
a boundary, an end. 

TepwpSt, 1^, 61^, delightful, plea- 
sant. 

T4pTU), \p<at to delight; midd., to 
take delight, dpcav, in see- 
ing. 

ripxpiSt €«j, if, enjoyment, de- 
Hght. 

re<r<ra.pdKWTa^ ol, ol, r<£, forty, 

riffffapes, a, Att. r^rr., (tetrarch, 
quattuorfWelshpedwar)f four. 

rerayfthust adv. from the perf. 
part. pass, of rdrrta, regu- 
larly. 

rirapTos, 97, or, the fourth. 

rtTpdywpos, or, (tetragon), rb t., 



a quadrangle; mostly * nd 
angle, esp. a square. 

Terpicis, adv., four tiineB. 

rer/>airXot)f, if, otV, fourfold. 

rer/xiTovf , rovr, gen. voSof , fool 
footed. 

Thrap€t, a, see r4a-a-ap€S. 

rfrri^, lyos, 6, a giiftsshopper. 

rev^ir, i5o$, 1^ a kind of cbM 
fish ; a land of pastry. 

TevKpot, ov, 6f half-brother 
Aias, the best Greek 
before Troy; he founded 1 
new Salamis in Kypra 
§ 157. Hor. Teucer Salamiu 
pairemque Cumfugeret etc 

r«>x«, ^, (Tiryxdw, t^x^), 
prepare, to form, to canse^ w 
mt^e. 

rex^dofxaif Att. Qftcu, -fyrofMxu, to 
contoive, to execute. 

r^Tj, ifi, 1^, ijiKTi^ techmeeX\^ 
an art, a trade; skill; cun- 
ning; away. 

Tixf^f^^t ^'''f^h T^ * handiwotk; 
a tridb:. 

T€xv(Jc6s, ii, 6p, artistic, skilfal, 
workmanlike. 

Texpirtis, ov, 0, a workman, an 
artist. 

rjde, dat. fem. of 69€, used as 
adv., here | 96 n. 7; in this 
way. 

TriXtKothoSt ainj, i^o, of sueh a 
kind, of such an age, so 
strong. 

Tripe^, ^ws, 6, son of Ares, my- 
thical king of the Thrakians, 
transformed into a hoopoe ^ 
2,71. 

rlBritu, $i/fffia, (theme, thms, do, 
doom, deem\ to set, to plaoe» 
to appoint, to propose; nOhfu 
p6fAov, to lay down a law, of 
the legislator § 130; Tl$ea0ai 
r., to give oneself a law, to 
pass it, of the people; to make, 
to render, rov^diropw wtvxJ^, 



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345 



io makd the prosperous a 
beggar § 119 n. 34; Tie€<r0al 
rufi ivo^M ''AfA^>odoVf to give 
one the name of A. § 189 n. 
12, of. § 129 n. 22; I'ctKOf eiT 
Bi^Oax^ to arrange, settle a 
dispute § 148 ; 0i(T0a.i <bp^ koX 
itpaaof, to set about buying 
and selling § 129 n. 22; to 
reckon, to account § 184 ; ri- 
BecOat ^^ov, to give one's 
vote. 
-rtBifni, rp, ij, (TlrSri, $^vs\ a 

nurse. 
Ti^wK^t, oO, 6f son of the Trojan 
king Laomedon, father by 
JSos of Memnon. Eos obtain- 
ed for him from Zeus the 
gift of immortality, but forgot 
to pray for perpetual youth. 
He shrunk and witheredaway, 
trntil at last he lost his Toice 
§ 131. 
rlKTUt H^ofiai, (t«i5x«. Germ. 
zeugen)f to beget, to bear, to 
produce. 
rCKXu, riXUf {veUo), to pluck, to 

tear off the hair. ^§ 91 fin. 
Ttfiduff Att. <2f ifffw, to honour; 
• to value, Tipost at a certain 
price; in law, rifiSjf rm 
BapdroVf to give sentence of 
death against a man, to con- 
demn him to death; in midd. 
of the accuser, rifxaurdal ran 
BavdroVf to accuse on a 
capital charge. 
TifAili, rfSf i;, (rZw), honour, rank; 

price § 112. 
TlfirifMLf aros, to, value; estimate 
, of the penalty, penalty, punish- 
ment. 
rlfuoif a, ov, valued; dear, high- 
priced § 112 n. 24. 
Ti/iSdeoty ovf 6, son of Eonon, an 
Athenian commander who did 
much to repair his country's 
. losses after the Peloponnesian 



war, and during the first half 
of the 4th century b. o. § 16. 
See his life in Nepos. 

TifioKp^tav, om-oSf d, of lalysos in 
Bhodos, a poet and athlete, 
once a friend of Themistokles, 
whom he afterwards lampoon- 
ed § 109 ad Jin, 

TlfJuoTj <a¥0St by an Athenian of 
the time of the Peloponnesian 
war, famous as a misanthrope 
§ 127. Lucian has a tract 
named after him; see also 
Shakespeare. 

rtfivpiUf Att. Qf 'fyr(i>, to aid, to 
avenge, ru^l ; midd., to punish, 
ripd §§81, 104 n. 11; cf . the 
Heautontimorumenos of Te- 
rence. 

rtfuapdsy 6iff {rifi'fi, of/xu), helping; 
avenging; 6 r., an avenger 
§81. 

Wi'w, Tl<r(a, to pay; SlKTjVy to pay 
a penalty; midd., to pumsh 
§ 100 n. 13. 

t($, riy gen. Hpoty Att. rov, dat. 
rlvty Att. T(py (qui8)y who, what? 
W, why? 

rlsy rly enclitic pronoun, one, 
some one, any one; 6\iyoi 
rufiiy some few; often, like 
quidamy with adjectives, by 
way of limitation, ' as it were '. 

rlffis^ eui, ^, (r£w), recompense, 
vengeance. 

Ttrdv, oMOiy o, in plur., sons of 
Ouranos and Gaia, an ancient 
race of gods, overthrown by 
Zeus. 

TiTfHiffKWy rfHji)(T(ay (relpw, Lat. 
teroy throe)y to wound. 

TiTv6sy oOy 6, a giant who offered 
violence to Leto; in the ne- 
ther world two viiltures con- 
tinually pecked his liver. 

rX-^fuap, ofosy 6 and if, (rXi^mu), 
wretched, miserable. 

TXrjvaif rXi^ffo/xat^ {roXfidta, rdXas, 

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VOCABULARY. 



taU^ toUo, tolero)f to bear, to 

Buffer; to dare, to haye the 

heart to do. 
rol, enclitic particle, in tmth, 

verily. 
TobnfWt therefore, then, now. 
rocof, roloy r<Aw, and ) of such 
TOi^ffie, die, 6p5€i { a kind, 

snch. 
rocoDro;, a&rrff oDro or oi^or, such, 

so great. 

dpvTT(a)f to break into a house, 

to be a burglar. 
roKc^t ^wf, 0, (r/icrw), a father ; 

plur., parents. 
T6X^a, i;s, i^, (rX^i^at), darings 

rashness. 
ToXfidWf Att. u;, "fyrujf to venture, 

to have the heart to do a thing. 
ToKfiTtTT^Sf ov, 0, a man of daring. 
rbfioi, ouj d, {T4/J^ui)f a slice. 
Td^apts, idost Of a Skythian sage, 

who lived at Athens in Solon's 

time. A tract of Lucian's 

bears his name. 
rd^evfia^ aros, t6, an arrow. 
ro^e{}(a, <r«,to shoot with the bow. 
ro^uc6s, ^, 6p, belonging to a bow, 

from a bow § 106 ad Jin. ; ^ r. 

{rix^\ archery § 146. 
t6^ov, ovy T6f {rvyxji^^i toxophi- 

lite), a bow; m pi., bow and 

arrows. 
to|6ti7j, ov, <J, an archer. 
rowoSf ow, d, (topU^ Utopian), a 

place, room, a seat. 
r6pvoSf ovy d, (T€ip(a, tomus, teres), 

compasses. 

roaovToSi aiJri;, ovro or oOroPf so 
much, so great; is Twrovroj 
with gen., = eaienus ; rpLs roa- 
ovro, thrice as great. 

T6T€y adv., then. 

rpayiKoty 4 ^"j tragic; d r., a 
tragic poet § 51. 



Tpiyoij ov, d, (r/xSyw), a he-gdai 

rpaytpisia, as, if, a tragedy. 

rpay(pioiroi6s, oO, d, a tragic poet, 
a tragedian § 106. 

rpayifi^y ov, d, a tragic actor. 

T^direfo, 17s, '^, (for rerpd-re^a, 
trapezium), a table, a dining- 
table ; a bank. 

TpaOfUL, aros, t6, (TirpiOa'Ku)^ a 
wound. 

rpdxv^o^i ov, 6, the neck. 

Tpaxitftost a, op, of Trachis, a city 
and rugged district of Thessaly 
ontheMaliangulf §71. *Tra- 
chinian women' is the title of 
a play of Sophokles. 

Tpax^s, eta, i^, {tr<ickyte), xong^ 
rugged; harsh, surly. 

TpeTs, Tpla, rpUap, rpurlj (tret)^ 
three. 

Tp4fi<o, (rpiiji, terreo, tremo)^ to 
laremble, to quake, to fear. 

Tpixw, ^(o, (arpi<fHa, trepidut), 
to turn, to diange, to rout; 
midd., to turn oneself to apply 
oneself § 58 ; rerpafAfiipot, si- 
tuated. 

Tp4<p<o, dp4\l/(a, to feed; (ivous, to 
maintain mercenaries ; K6fiifp, 
to let the hair grow long 
§ 116; to produce, to contain; 
midd., to grow up, to feed 
upon. 

Tpix*^t d/xt/tov/teu, to run. 

rpi(a, i(T(a, (rpina), to tremble; 
to run away; to fear. 

Tf^aufo, 17;, 1^, a trident. 

Tpiojcds, dSos, if, the nmnber 
thirty; the thirtieth day of 
the month § 44. 

rpidKOpra, o2, cU, rdy (triginta)^ 
thirty; ol rp. § 126 n. 14, the 
thirty who held the chief 
power at Athens after the cap- 
ture of the city by Lysander 
B. 0. 404 ; after a few montiis 
of cruel oppression they were 
j overthrown by Thrasyboolos. 

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347 



The most eminent of them 
"were Theramenes, wbom his 
coUeagaes compelled to drink 
hemlock, Eritias, and Chari- 
kles. 

rpiaKo<rr6si 'fj, 6v, thirtieth. 

Tptds, diosi 4 (triad), the num- 
ber three. 

rpipr/ff ijit ^, a spending; delay. 

Tplpta, ^w, (trivi, drive), to rub, 
to wear out, to spend. 

Tpl^v, tawoSfd, (rpipu), a thread- 
bare cloak ; worn by philoso- 
phers. 

T/x^, perf. rirpiya as pres., 
(strideo), to squeak, to chirp 
§76. 

rpi'fiprjty ff, {Tplsy dpaplffKu), ge- 
nerally 1^ T. {vavs, triremis), 
a galley with three banks of 
oars, a trireme. 

Tplodos, ov, iff a meeting of three 
roads, Lat. trivium, 

TptirXdffiof, a, op, thriee as much 
as, with gen. 

rplTovs, ow, TodoSf three-footed 
§ 51 ad fin.; 6 r., a tripod, a 
three-legged kettle. 

T/KirT6Xe/iOf , ov, 6, the inventor 
of the plough and introducer 
of agriculture, founder of the 
Eleusinian mysteries. 

rpts, adv., thrice. 

TpiffiffkLot, a, owy thrice wretched. 

TpurKolHtKO, ot, aXf rd, thirteen. 

Tpur6\puHf or, thrice blessed. 

rpiffibfJMTos, three-bodied, of Ger- 
yones, forma trieorpdria um* 
brae § 84. 

rpiraiot, cUa, atw^ on the third 
day. 

Tplrotf rft oPf third. 

TpirrSf, i/i, &if, threefold. 

T/«x^f, gen. of $pl^. 

TpubpoKoWf ov, 6, a three-obol 
piece; a half -drachma. 

rpiQv § 18, gen. of rpeis. 

Tpo^ as, 4« 'J^7» l>oth the city. 



elsewhere Bion, and the re- 
gion in the N. W. of Asia Mi- 
nor §§ 26, 67. 

Tpoi^y, ifyos, ij, an ancient city 
in the S. E. of Argolis, famous 
for its patriotism in the se- 
cond Persian war § 90. 

Tp6waioVy or rporouoif, ov, t6, 
(Tp^xw), a trophy. 

Tp6wot, oVf 6, {rp4r(a, trope), man- 
ner, way, fashion, temper; ix 
Tavrbs rphwov or irdtrra rp&wov, 
in every way; ToVJt rhv rp., in 
this way. 

Tpo<f>€ijs, 4u)s, h, (rp^^), a foster- 
father. 

rpoipi/l, ijs, ^, food § 94; bringing- 
up. 

Tpox6s, oO, 6, (Tpkx,ia, trSchee), a 
wheel, a ring. 

Tp6xos, ov, 6, a running, a revo- 
lution, a race, a course. 

Tpviraut Att. t&, ijo-w, (rpiJw), to 
bore, to pierce; Terpvrrifx^os^ 
leaking § 124. 

Tpv<f>d(a, Att. (a, iiffia, to live dain- 
tily, to give oneself airs. 

Tpv<t>-fi, ^iy ^ {Opdm-ta), softness, 
effeminacy, conceit. 

Tptadiy dioi,iiy (sc. 7^), theTroad, 
in the N. W. of Asia Minor. 

rp^iryitty ^o/iac, aor. h-payov, to 
gnaw, to nibble, to munch, to 
eat. 

TpmK6sy 1^, 6vy Trojan; rd T/>., 
the Trojan war § 87. 

T/xu€f, iop, oly Trojans. 

Tvyxdvta, ret^^o/AOt, aor. irvxoy, 
I. to hit a mark, to meet, to 
win, otxToVy pity; SlKifSy to 
meet one's deserts; to succeed; 
6 Tvxdv, the first comer; ol t., 
vulgar folk. n. intrans.* to 
happen, to come to pass ; with 
partic, just § 114 n. 11; irvx« 
Topiivy he was there just at 
the time; itp^^oyjiKCn rvyxd* 
reis, you have a^preed. 

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70CABULART. 



Tp«etf», 4m, 6, of Kalydon, son of 
Oineos, and Bon-in-law of 
Adiastos; he was one of the 
Seven against Thebes § 146; 
his son wasDiomedes, Tydidet 
melior patre, 

T6fifios, ov, 6, (ti50w), the place 
where a dead body is burnt, a 
banrow, a tomb. 

TwW/)««j, e«, a, husband of 
Leda §§ 7. 127. 

nJrof, ou, 6, {r&rru, type), a 
inark,print,oatline ; figare§27. 

T^wru, liru, (its other tenses are 
from iroitiy, TOTa<r<rwandirXi^- 
T<a)f to strike, to wound, to 
flog. 

r{fp<wyos, ov, 6, (Dot, for Kolpa- 
iH)t), a master, a tyrant; as 
ad], rvpawoi^ or, royal. 

rvp6%i oCy 6, cheese. 

Tv<f>\6iy ii, 6vy blind, dark. 

rv0X<$(tf, Att. w, (io-w, to blind. 

rv^Li, Att. w, divta, («t«peo), to 
make vain, puff up ; in perf . 
pass., to be vain. 

Tt/^wy, CopoSy <J, son of Tartaros 
and Gaia, father of the Sphinx, 
a fire-breathing monster, over- 
whelmed by Zeus under Mt. 
Aetna. 

diance, fortune; rvxo or icaTd 
TVXV» ^y chance; also per- 
sonified, ^ Tuxiy, Fortune. 

'Tcf/cw^oj, ov, d, (hyacinth, ja- 
cinth), a favourite of A- 
pollo, from whose blood the 
hyacinth sprung § 89. 

vaXoj, ov, ?, (hyaline), crystal; 



i5j3/)ifw, loO/tiat, to wax wanton; 
to insult, outrage, rird or cfs 

TtVtt. 

ilfjSpts, €ws, ^, (^^/d), insolence, 
riotousness, violence; viola- 
tion § 22. 



(tppioHpy ovj 6, a man of tIoIcdcb 
and insolence ; a debauchee. 

if^piffr&raroi, most insolent; 
superl. from (/jSpurros. 

iryUicLf as, ^, health, sonndneBS, 
of body or mind. 

^(Cir6s, ij, bw, (hygiene)^ sonnd, 
healthy, wholesome. 

ityi-ffi, isy (vegeo, vigeo)^ whole, 
sound; wise, pore. 

iyp6i, dy 6w, (ttmor, ^^ometez), 
wet, moist ; pliant. 

vSofii/ls, 4i {vli(ap)j watery, 

vdpa, Of, ^, (Cdtap), a "watef- 
serpent, hydra. 

vdpavXis, ectff, if, {aifk^Wj hy- 
draulic), a water-organ § 17. 

vdpo<t>op4(a, Att. <2, 'ffata, to cany 
water. 

. v$/i>(uxiicos, ii, 6p, (u8(ap, Jtydrops), 
dropsical 

v$<apj vbarost to, (v<a, a^ua, undo, 
hydrant), water; rain-water; 
Z6i)s V. iroccc, sends rain. 

vlos, ov, or 4os, 6, a son. 

wXiJi V^i ^» {silva, hylozoio), a 
wood ; wood, material, matter. 

'TXXof, ov, 6, son of Herakles, 
husband of lole. 

{fpuhcpoi, o, ov, your. 

vjip^ta, Att. (3, 1^01, (%m7i), to 
sing, to praise. 

{jwap, rb, a waking vision (opop); 
esp. in aoo. as adv., awake, 
really § 73 n. 37. 

vTdpx<*ft ^<^i to begin, rtp6s; to 
be the first (in a quarrel) § 104 
n. 14; to be, 717^0105 § 65; to 
belong to, to be in hand; rd 
vTdpxoPTo, one's existing 
means § 130 n. 5; inrdpxti, 
it is permitted. 

diraroj, .17, op, (for vHpraTos), 
highest ; £1. , the Boman con- 
sul (late) § 54. 

vveucriop, verbal adj., one must 
yield. 

tJxckw, ^, to retire; to yield. 

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349 



vvci^arrfof, or, contrary, opposite, 
hostile; r6 ix,, on the con- 
trary. 
vWp, prep., («fp«r. Germ, ilber, 
over; up), over i. with gen. 
above, across, beyond; for, in 
defence of, on behalf of § 97 
n. 18; for the sake of, in the 
name of, concerning; ii. -with 
ace. over, u. i^do/AifiKmn'a, more 
than 70; 0. iXirlSa, beyond 
hope; V. ijfias, beyond our 
powers; drip opKUL, against 
the oaths; beyond, before. 
\tw€pcdp<a, to exceed. 
vTrepojcorrl^t iw, to overshoot, to 
surpass, to prevail § 116 n. 18. 
vWpavrXof , w^ of a ship, full of 

water ; of the crew, sinking. 
vveppalpujyfiifirofiaif {hyperbaton), 
to pass over; to transgress, 
to omit ; to overcome. 
vx6/)j3(CXXca, jSaXb), to throw 
past; to exceed, to excel; to 
cross. 
vire/)j8oXi^, ^, ^, {hyperbola^ hy- 
perbolieal)f excess; e/r ^ep- 
pdMip, exceedingly. 
\nr€pix^i ^^f *o excel. 
vvtprii(ftavwyOVt (if>alp(a)t arrogant. 
virep7t<t>^m^ adv., proudly. 
virepfieyiSfjs, es, exceeding great. 
vTipfierpost or, beyond measure, 

excessive. 
vrcpovTiKoSf ^ 6p, contemptu- 
ous. 
vrcpopdity Att. (3, Sr/fofiatf to 

overlook, to despise. 
vTevdvvos, or, responsible; lia- 
ble to, Ttr6j; dependent. 
vrepirriSdcjt Att. w, tJ^tw, to over- 
leap, escape; transgress. 
vTtfyxMp^y *^ ^® overjoyed. 
ut/x«» v0^$w, to hold under, to 
hold out, to undergo, to sub- 
mit to. 
vrriKooty OP, obedient, subject, 
Tiro J or TwL 



irfpniTTii, ov, o, one who has a 
beard. 

vrriperiu, Att. cu, i^ffw, to do a 
service, tivI. 

iTtipirtiif ov, o, (^p^rijt), an as- 
sistant, a servant. 

i/xiffxpiofiaiy Att. oO/ttat, ^o^x^- 
cofMUy aor. {fre<rx6firjPf to pro- 
mise. 

ftrroj, ov, 6, {sopor, somnus), 
sleep. 

^o', prep., (sub), under, i. with 
gen., from under, Itkous inch 
fuyov Xvetr, to loose the horses 
from under the yoke ; under, 
ol 1^6 x'^^^h those beneath 
the earth; subject to; in cau- 
sal sense, by, iuft' "EicTopos iri- 
irreip, to be overthrown by 
Hektor ; so with passives, like 
Lat. ab; inrb d4oui, from fear; 
^* iavTod, of himself, of his 
own accord; of an accompa- 
niment, ifT* ojJXoO, to the flute ; 
irb ^aroO vopevecdat^ to walk 
by torch-light, ii. with dat., 
under, beneath, in the power 
of; ^<p* iavTtp roieicBai, to 
bring under one's own power; 
^6 ieffTOTfjj under a master; 
of an accompaniment, as with 
gen. m. with ace, of mo- 
&on towards ; inrb 7^ Upcu, to 
descend beneath the earth; 
ifTb H)P iroXtr /^rac, to go up 
to, under the walls of, the 
city; of extension, inr* oipcof^, 
under heaven; of subjection, 
ylypcffdai inrb /3a<riX^a, to be- 
come subject to the Persian 
king; of time, like sub, iwb 
H}p elp^pffp, about the time of 
the peace; inrb raOra, about 
this time. 

{nropp{rxtos, or, under water. 

{nrob^op.ai, ^oficu, to receive, to 
entertain § 108 ad fin. ; to ad- 
mit, to undertake, to follow. 



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VOCABULARY. 



inro94^, i^, to tie under ; midd., 
to put one*B shoes on ; pass., 
to have one*s shoes put on 
§ 115 n. 14. 

irSditfiOt aros, t6, a sandal, a 
shoe. 

inrodvofiai, duaofiaif with aor. 
inriSw and per!. inrod^ivKOj to 
go under, to put on ; to under- 
go, to steal upon. 

inroi^€vypvfu, ^ev^u, to yoke un- 
der, to subject to. 

itro^ytWf out t^, a beast of bur- 
den. 

iroOiffK'rit ijj, if, a precept. 

{nro$o\6u)i Att. w, tbaut to trou- 
ble, to make muddy. Late 
word. 

inroKplpofjLoiy Ib^ov/uUf to play a 
part on the stage, to act, to 
feign. 

ivoKpiTi/jSf oV, 6, {OroKplvofxai, hy- 
pocrite), a player. 

inroXafifidfu, Xi^^oMat, to take up, 
to reply ; to suppose, to under- 
stand, to view as so and so. 

i^roXi^ci;, ffw, to loose beneath; to 
unyoke, set free; to take off 
shoes; midd., to take off one's 
own shoes. 

imofiiuUf vwy to await, to endure, 
to stand firm. 

'jTTOfiifW'fyrKta, ifvonHjaiat to re- 
mind, Tivd Tivos § 62; pass., 
§ 110; to mention; midd., to 
remember. 

inrovoiut Att, w, ifjffUf to suspect, 
to conjecture. 

ifvoriiKa, vlo/juuj to tipple. 

inrdiTTepoii op, feathered, winged. 

inroTTTeinay ffu, to suspect. 

inroppiu, pir^ofuUf perf. ifvepp^' 
tiKo, to steal into § 100 n. 18 ; 
to drop off § 97 n. 14. 

{firo{np4<f>(a, yl/(a, to turn back. 

{nrorapdrrUf |w, to stir up, to 
trouble. 

irordTTta, ^w, to arrange under, 



to subject; vl ^crerarfpuho^ 
subjects. Late word. 

^cTl$rifUf inrod^ta, to plaoe un- 
der; midd., to snggest, adviM 
§ 186 n. 14; to presuppose. 

inroupyiut, Att. Q, i^ta, to serre, 
to help, Tid, 

inro^tahfu, awQ, to give a peep of; 
to appear^ to break, of the diqr 
dawning. 

inroxeipios, w, in hand ; subject, 
rufl\ {nrox^ipioif Xafitia^ rtpo, 
to get some one into one's 
power, 

HiroxoSi or, subject. 

inroxupiia, Att. o), to retire ; to 
djnawback. 

inroif^a, ar, % suspicion. 

vTTiotf a, w, {bw6), on one's badf^ 
supinus ; turned upwards. 

vs, 1^, 6 and ^, (evs), a swine, a 

pig- 
TSffTaros, 17, OV, last. 
HoTtpov, (neut. of l}CT€pos), adv., 

afterwards, in future. 
i<f>dTru, dypu, to kindle. 
vapoLfffM, aros, t6, {v<f>abKa, weave), 

a web, a woven garment. 
{uplrifu, infyfiaia, to let down, to 

put under, to suborn ; intrans. 

and midd.,' to abate of, rwbt, 
viplffTT^fu, viro<n"fi(T(a, to put under; 

midd., with 2 aor, and perf. 

act., to promise, to yield to; 

to hide under; to stand firm. 
vypriKbi, ij, bv, (vypos), high. 
<f\l/60€Vy adv., from on high. 
vxf/os, ovs, t6, (cf. virip), height. 
i\//ov, adv., high. 
vyj/bu, Att. w, (ixrta, to exalt. 
v(a, i(T<a, to rain; esp. impers., 

\jei,=-pluitf it rains. 

<bayeiv, see iffOlta* 

ipcdpu, opQ, aor. iifyijpo, (phenO' 
menon), intr. perf. Htfnfra 
(4>dos), to bring to light, to 
shew, to give light. Pass, to 

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VOCABULARY. 



351 



appear, ^tdvercu with inl e,g, 
e&ttc, seems to be ; with part. 
€. g, (&», evidently is ; 0<£i^t, 

. shew thyself as § 95 n. 12. 
0«^% ^^ 4 ft clish of lentils, 
porridge. 

^dXay^, ayyos, ij, a phalanx, a 
close mass of infantry; the 
. main body of an army. 

4MKaKp6s, d, 6Pf bald. 

^€iKiijp€^, 4<as^ 6y of Phaleron, 
the most ancient of the har- 
bours of Athens § 144. 

^avef^Sy dy 6p, {<f>aly(a)y open, ma- 
nifest; <f>av€p6i i<m tomiSp or 
&ri xotct TovTOy he is known to 
do this. Cf. 8rj\oi, 

4>dos, ovt, t6, (0a(rw), light. 
Poetic word. Cf. 0«f, t6, 

ipap^rpOf as, ij^ (4>4p(Of pharetra), 
a quiver. 

^pfMKc^f ffia, to dmg, to poi- 
son. 

tpdpfjLOKOP, ov, TO, {pharmacy), a 
drag; a remedy, rwof, for 
some ill ; a potion, a spell, a 
means, rcvos, of producing 
something; a poison § 155. 

^Pfi&rr<a, ^ta, to poison ; to en- 
chant 

^apvd^a^iy ou, 6, a Persian sa- 
trap, son-in-law of Artaxerxes 
Mnemon, who plays a conspi- 
cuous part in histoiy b.o. 418 
— 374. At first he supported 
Sparta, but in 410 concluded 
an alliance with AlMbiades ; 
afterwards he cooperated with 
Konon, and invaded Lakonia 
B.O. 398 §§ 32, 98. 
^apvaKriSj ovs, 6, Ph. II. son of 
Mithridates the great, king of 
Pontes, conspired against his 
father, who was forced to take 
poison. Pompeius recognised 
Ph. as king and ally; in the 
civil war Ph. besieged Cae- 
sar's lieutenant Calvinns, 



which occasioned Caesar's ra- 
pid march against him b.c. 
48 § 103. 

ipdpvy^, vyyof, rj, the throatythe 
gullet. 

<pdayavGP, ow, t6, {ff<pdt(a), a 
sword. 

^atriopSs, w, from the river 
Phasis; 6 ^. (sc. 5/>vit)y the 
Phasian bird, pheasant^ Lat. 
phasianus, 

kauris, tSoSy 6, the boundary river 
between Asia Minor and Eol- 
chis, now Bion. 

4>d(rKu, (0i7m/), mostly used in 
partio. and inf., to assert. 

^rij, iy, {(prjjd), a report, a say- 
ing, fame. ' 

4>avKoSy % w, bad, worthless, 
good for nothing, poor, vulgar, 
slight. 

<t>av\6Titity ijTot, 4, badness, poor- 
ness. 

<f>a6\(as, adv., poorly, ill. 

#6(5laf, ov, 6, a great Athenian 
sculptor, painter and archi- 
tect, flor. B.0. 444. His prin- 
ciple work was the statue of 
Olympian 2ieus § 157. 

tpelSofiaiy (Tofuuy 1. to spare, with 
gen.; 2. to abstain from ; with 
inf. like pareoy to spare to do. 

<f>eiS<Jl>y ovSy iif thrift. 

iepoL, iSp, ai, a Thessalian city, 
with a strong fortress. 

<tcpcuoSy o, oPy of Pherai. 

i>4p^(a, to feed, tend ; pass., to be 
fed, to feed on. 

^cp€Ki&dipy ovs, 6, I. a philoso- 
pher of the island of Syros; 
said to have numbered Pytha- 
goras among his pupUs, and 
to have been one of the earli- 
est writers of prose § 154; n. 
a historian of the island of 
Leros cir. 400 b.c. § 145. 

^p(a, ciffw, MiPffx/Xy aor. ifpeyxa 
and IfpeyKOP (fero, to bear), to 



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352 



VOCABULARY. 



bear, carry, endure ; with adv., 
XaXercSf etc., to take ill ; to 
fetch ; to produce ; to cany 
off, to plunder; to win ; of a 
road, to lead § 6 ; pass^ to be 
borne, to move, roll, fly, sail; 
0^/>e, come ! 

^D, exclamation of grief, anger, 
or surprise, alas I oh ! ha I 

<fK6yta^ ^ofiait (poet, also ^ovfiai), 
ir^0cirya, aor. i<f>vywt to flee, 
to avoid ; to be banished (used 
as pass, of iKpdXKu); to be 
accused, with gen. of char^ 
(used as pass, of diii>Ku>). 

^cvKTiwy verbal adj. of ipeiyu, 
one must flee. 

Hm-V* Vi$ ^, (<hl^t fama\ an ora- 
cle, a saymg, a report, fame. 

^i;aU, 0i}<rw, imperl used as aor. 
i^ynv, {for, farif farne, fate, 
'prophetic), i<^Kov used as 
imperf., to say, to speak, to 
assert, tfniai inserted like in- 
quity in a speaker's words; 
<t>affi, ipTiffij *they say,' = Fr. 
on cUt, 

ipdavuy <f>6iiirofj,ai, to be before- 
hand with, to anticipate, to 
forestall ; (<f>6ijv d(f>iK6ficvoSy I 
came up first; <f>6d<rasy (quickly. 

ipOirfyofMHy ^o/juu, to shout, to 
cry, to scream, neigh etc., of 
the cry of animals; to utter. 

^Oelpoj, €p(2f i(f>$apKa, 2 perf. 
i(j>6opay to destroy, spoil; pass. , 
to perish, go to ruin. 

<t>Olv(ay ffOficu,, to decay, pine, 
perish; in fut. 4>0L<ru), aor. 
iipOiaay to consume. 

4»6ov4(t), Att. «, ijffUy to envy, 
Tivlf a man ; rivL riyos, a man 
something; 0^oi'^6i,epio 3 sing, 
ind. pres. § 27. 

<p06pot, ov, 6, envy, spite. 

^tdXri, rjs, i^, (phiq,li viaJ), a 
broad shallow bowl (like a 
saucer), used for libations. 



^HXai^ptawiaf as, i^ (jp^Zoiit&ro- 
w, phUantkn^pist)^ bene?»- 
lenoe. 

^iKdyOptoTos, w, kind, hiunaDe. 

4>iKapyvpla, af, ij, love of moiifly. 

ipiXdpyvpoSf or, covetous. 

^iXain-^a, as, ij, self-love^ selfish- 
ness. 

<f>(\avTos, ow, loving self, selfisL 

^\4(a, Att. ia, i7<r(ii, 1. to love, to 
kiss § 116; 2. like amo, to be 
wont. 
'<l>t\riKota, af, ^, (dATot^), attOQ- 
tiveness. 

<f>i\ia, as, if, friendship. 

ipiKucws, adv., in a friendly way. 

^CKiinros, ov, 6, 1. king of Maoe- 
don B.O. 359^837, the con- 
queror of Greece, father d 
Alexander ; 2. a jester, p. 68. 

<f>i\ofia$i^s, 4s, fond of learning. 

^iXofi'^Xa, as, ilj, daughter of 
Pandion, king of Attica and 
sistelr of Prokne, was changed 
into a nightingale. 

0(Xoy6tic£a, as, ^,contentioxisne88, 
bickering. 

^iXo^eyos, ov, 6, 1, son of Eryxi^ 
an Athenian contemporary of 
Perikles§77; n. of Kytiiera, 
a musician and dithyrambic 
poet § 146.. 

</>t\oirdT(ap, opos, 6 and ^, loving 
one's father. 

<f>i\biro¥os, or, fond of labour, di- 
ligent. 

<^L\os, 17, or, dear ; superL ^iXra- 
Tos» 6 <!>., B, friend. 

^nkwro^uj, Att. (2, i7<rca, to love 
knowledge; to study, to be a 
philosopher. 

<f>i\oao<f>la, as, % philosophy; 
study. 

<fM,\6<ro<f>os, ov, 6, philosopher. 

<pi\oT€xvi<a, Att. w, Tfirta, to love 
art; to play the connoisseur 
§ 107 n. 38. 

^uKoTi/jUofMi, Att. ovfuu, irofMi, 



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VOCABULARY. 



853 



to be ambitious; mtb inl, to 
\>e eager to do §§ 108, 125. 

^«XorcfUa, at, i}, ambition, emu- 
lation. 

pcXoTt/ios, oPf ambitious. 

pt\o4>po<r^t riff rj, friendliness. 

pl\Taros, see iplXos, 

a loye-charm, a spell, a charm. 
^iveif, ion, 6, a blind prophet, 
whose ^able was polluted by 
the Harpies, till be was freed 
from that plague by the Ar- 
gonauts, whom he directed on 
their voyage. 
4>\ey/topi/i, ^s, 4, inflammation; 
heat of passion. Late word. 
4fi\4y<at ^w, to bum, to kindle. 
ipXoiapoSi ov, 6, {^\4w), a din, 

aproar. 
<p\6^y 70s, ij, {phlogUtic)t flame, 

a blaze. 
<p\vapi(ay Att. t3, riaoa^ to jest, 

trifle. 
tpo§€p6i, df 6p, fearful, timid, 
formidable;' act. and pass., 
like formidolosua, gnarus. 
<f>op4u)t Att (J, 'fjffutf to frighten ; 

0o/3ct(r^ai, to fear. 
^6p7j, 17$, ^, hair, a mane. 
4>6^oSi ov, 6f fear ; ^et <p6^ov, it 

is to be feared. 
$6/3of, ovj Of the god of fear. 
^oipos, ov, 6, a name of Apollo. 
^oiviKfff ys, 1^, the ancient Ca- 
naan ; a narrow strip of coast 
land; its chief cities were 
Tyre and Sidon § 98. 
fpornddris, ov, 6, see § 69 n. 25. 
(f>oiviKovi, oOffffa, oOy, dark red. 
ioivi^i (/cos, 6, a Phoinikianf 129. 
«poiTd(a, Att. <S, iljirw, to resort to ; 
esp. of pupils going to school 
§144. 
^Ms, Idoi, i), a homy scale, of 

reptiles. 
^v€iji, iu)t, 6, a murderer. 
^v€6w, ata, to murder. 



^ot, ov, h, (root 4>hia), murder, 
bloodshed. 

^>opi(a, Att. (3, -fiffia, (^/xa), to 
bear, to wear. 

i>6prifia, OTos, t6, i<f>opi(a), what 
is home or wom; a load; in 
pi., attire. 

^opKvs, vos, 6, the father of the 
Gorgones and Graiai 

^pos, ov, 6, {(l>ip<a), tribute. 

<f>opTiK6i, % 6v, {<p4p<i>), burden- 
some, tiresome, low, vulgar, 
rade § 126. 

<l>opTiov, ov, t6, {<p4pu), a burden, 
load, cargo. 

0/i>a^, (Tw, (j^hrase), to say, tell, 
speak. 

ippdma, ^u, (farcio, borough), 
to fence, secure, close, stop 
§126. 

<l>piap, oTOf, t6, (poume, bum), 
a well. 

<I>PV*', cviy, ii, the heart, the 
mind, good sense. 

^pL^os, ov, 6, son of Athamas 
and Nephele, who fled to 
Eolchis on a golden ram. 

<l>pima, ^(a,iri<l>piKa, {fiyoi, frigeo , 
Ft. friaonner) to bristle, to 
shiver, to shudder, to be 
thrilled. 

<t>p0ifi(a, Att, 0?, lyVw, {^pprjp), to 
think, to be wise, to have 
knowledge; Th<f>pov€Lv, judge- 
ment; to be in one's senses; 
to mean ; ev or ica/ru)} <t>. with 
dat., to be weU or ill disposed 
towards; p^ya <p., to be high- 
minded, proud § 80 n. 10. 

4>povrfp.a, aroifTO, spirit, thou^t, 
courage. 

(ppovqcLi, €(af, i>, prudence, dis- 
cretion. 

^p6vtp.os, ov, prudent. 

4>povTLl^w, t(3, to think, give heed, 
consider; to care for, mind, 
reck of, rti'oj. 

4>poyTls, Idos, 17, {<ppri^)i care, 

23 

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354 



rOCASULAMT. 




abo tt HMD M 

^^0«f^ All. i#, ii#M, lo gDSld, 
to keep goaid. 

fptAptm^ ois T^ ft fort, o«l-pcMl; 
ft pmd. 

4»/w>£m «f, 4 I. the gicftler 
Fhijgia^ ft distzkl ol Asm 
Hinor, oeenpying the interior 
of the W. half of the pen- 
insolft; n. leiMr P. on the 
HeDe^Kmt. 

Mng l^ beaeosie or ilenn- 

ibree. 
♦p^t 7^, ^, ft FfaiTgiaiL 
^iryaMw, ^c#, (^v7<£s),tQbuii8h. 
fvyiit, i(dof, ^, an exile, a refugee. 

tiw), fligH esei^, bameh- 
meitl* 

^vjrof, ovf, T^, [fveui), ft pamt, 
ooemetie. 

^Xa«i ih» i gnarding, watch- 
ing, watch. 

4><fKa^y o«ot, i, a watcher, guar- 
dian, metaph. f 100 ; oi 0., the 
gnard, garrison. 

^i?Xtt|if, e(w, if, A watching, 
guarding. 

^vXdffffUf see ^vX({rTW. 

^vkdrru, (or o-o-w), |«, (cf. phy- 
lactery)t to watch, guard, de- 
fend, observe ; midd. , to shun, 
ayoid, guard against § 113 n. 
12; ^(?Xa|oi, take care I look 
out I §77. 

*i5|tof, ov, d, (<t>evyu), epithet of 
Zeus § 166, rescuer, sayiour. 

^ivpduf djuji to mix, to knead. 

0i/(rt«(Jj, i), by, {physical), natu- 
ral; 6 ^., a natural philoso- 
pher § 94. 

^tJ(rtt, fwf, 17, (0^w), nature, cha- 
racter ; iptfffii, by nature ; «car& 



^vrm«, #M, (^vnp), to 
grt, pfo i « e 

»rrwy>^^Att,6wtoltMrpigfe 

Sftor.l^ar. l.t»lni«fBrf^ 
produce^ heget; # ^ftm, teg^ 
imdcnitafMflfig; xaidi. vsi 

hemg, lo 0row» to be bocB f 9i 
11.3; peii. and !2 mk. act in 
pres. eenne, to ho Irjr Bfttoe; 
withinl, to bo natazaBj in- 
dined to. 

^wce^, ^iTf, •, ft PhniirnBt, irift- 
hitant <rf Fbokis. 

#iMc{«r, liPDf, 6, an Athwiiii gi- 
nend and Btateamoii, ftaoo 
for his nprig^hkiess tatd laeo- 
nie Unntnees. Se lived dar- 
ing the reigns of P fiiKp md 
Alexander, and wss oondems- 
ed to dei^ B.O. 317 oet 80 
§§124,128. 

4>wiia, Tfiw, to Bound, to 07, to 
caJL^ 

^Hori, lyt, 1}, Toice, cry. 

^>c9pii€tt, €ffffa, a^t Tooal; rd ^ 
Fi^cKTo, Towels )( rd A^um, 
consonants. 

(fHapdiaj Att. (S, curai, to search, 
to detect, to take in the man- 
ner. 

^$, ifxarSt, o, pL ^Mrti, a man; 
poetic. 

^(3;, ^HOTOij TO, (contr. from ^<»; 
pfto«phorus); light, joy; vprn 
ipws Ayety, to bring to light. 

Xa^piasy ov, 3, one of the chief 
Athenian generals in the first 
half of the 4th ceni b.o. § 74. 
See his life by Nepos. 

XatpeKpdrris, ovs, 0, brother of 
Chairephon. 



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VOCABULARY. 



355 



bcp^fior, wiTOf, 6^ a devoted 
soliolar of Sobrates. 
ipctfy^^-b;, to rejoice; torejoioe 
at, with dat. ; with partio., de- 
light in doiag; imper. xaup^ 
■==. salve or vaU^ hail, fareweU ; 
also, good hye to ; away with, 
like vdUat § 145 Uu 18; x*^' 
p€0^ at tiie begiBTiing of let- 
tera, for %. X^€t, $aloire iubet 
§ 25 n. 28. 

:«ic/x6reta, as, % a town in Boeo- 

tia, famous for the defeat of 

tlie Greeks 1^ Philip b.o. 388 

§110. 

aXduf, Att. cS, M'w, to sladron; 

intrane., to grow weak. 
LaXScuot, myol,& nomad people, 
who conquered Babylon, and 
founded the Ohaldaeo-Baby- 
Ionian empire; 2. the Chid- 
daean priests and astrologers. 
j^oXeira^FCi;, oifQ, (voXeir^s)) to he 

angry, sore, with dat 
XoXeWf, ^, iwy hard, difficult, 

morose, cruel, crabbed. 
XaXeircSt, with difficulty; angri- 
ly; superl. xa^««'«''a^«« 
X0L\iy6s, ov, i, (xaXdw), bridle. 
XaXmfSctfr, ^rot, 4> a ci^in Bithy- 
niay on the Thrakian Bospo- 
ros, opposite to Byzantion. 
XaXxidwif 4(asy d, an inhabitant 
of the peninsula of OhaUddike 
in Makedonia § 76. 
xa\K6wo¥iy our, braes-footed^ 
XCL\K6Sf w, <J, copper; bronze; 
vessel of bronze; a bronze 
mirror § 27, 
XoXkovs, iff oOvf of bronze ; t6 x* 
y4posi the brasen age of men 
between the silver and the 
iron in the descending scale. 
Xd\9s, ovy 6f a river in Syria near 

Chalkis. 
Xa/uU, adv., {humi, humble), on 

the ground, to the ground. 
Xa/)o, &s, 17, joy. 



Xapaxr^p, ifpof, 6, (x^pdrt(t)t 
stamp, unpress, eharaeter. 

Xfll/Mx^, oicos, 6 or i|, (xapdrrt^f ft 
staJke; avihe-prop^ 

XBLpctTTit, lor, {tcrtitoh, grM>e\ to 
engrave. 

X^p^eis, €(r<ra, er, (x^^f), graee- 
ful, aocontplished; Xfl^, a 
pretty tale 1 irMiiealri Ckmip. 
iTr€pos, sup. iarmrot, 

X^pt^otuuj iov/Mu, K4x^pur/uu, 
both act. and pass^ (xdpit), to 
gratify, to indulge^ with dat»; 
to give frei^, intii aoo* and 
dat. 

XapiK\(a, ovt, if, molh^ of Tei- 
resias § 189. 

XapCKaos, ov, 6, son of Polydek- 
tes, king of Sparta, during 
^dtoee ttinofily Lyhourgos go- 
verned. 

Xa/KS, ir«f, 1^, gi^Eioe, kindness, a 
favour § 145 ; thanks, a grato- 
fol return, delight ; xApafwiik 
gen., on account o^ for the 
sake of ; 0^ x*> ^^ ^7 s<^^ 

XdpiSf irot, if, in plur. Xdpires, 
the 8 g^desses of grace, at- 
tondants on Aphrodito: Ag- 
laia, Thaleia, Euphrosyne. 

Xapaw, oirot, <l, the ferryman who 
conveyed the souls of the dead 
across the Styx. 

ix^i^^ (hisco, chasm), to yawn, 

gape; Kix^a is also used as 

pres. 
xdiTfia, dtot, t6, (x«^««» chatm), 

a gulf, a hollow. 
Xe^os, ovt, t6, a lip. 
XelXuv, uyos, 6, a Lakedaimoni- 

an, one of the 7 wise men of 

Greece § 146. 
X€i/ia, OTos, t6, frost, cold. 
Xttpi€piv6s, 17, 6vf of winter, in 

winter time. 
xsip^ptos, a, OP or ot, ov, wintry, 

atormy § 128 n. 26. 



356 



VOCABULART. 



winter; oold weather; a 
•torm. 

Xup, p6f, (poet x^f), 4. (cWr- 
nrgeon), the hand; the arm; 
tit x<^' IhtUf to oome to 
blows. 

xelpiffTos,^ 4r, worst. Used as 
snperl. of jcaic^f. 

Xetpw, adv., worse. 

XevororirrAj, if, ^k, chosen (by 
show of hieuids). 

Xetpovpy6s, dr, working by hand, 
practising an art; d x-i <^ 
artist § 111. 

Xei/>6<i;, Att. (S, 4&r6», (xe^p)) gene- 
rally in midd., to l»ing under 
lumd, to subdue. 

Xeipwr, OF, worse, inferior, of 
lower rank. Used as comp. 
of kolk6s, 

Xdpw, wos, i, the just Centaur 
of Mt. Pelion, we tutor of 
many of the heroes in the arts 
of prophecy, music, medicine, 
gymnasties, surgery etc. The 
Pelian spear of Achilles had 
been his. 

XeXcdc^F, ^os, 4> (^irundo), the 
swallow. 

XcX<6fi7, 17J, ^, a tortoise. 

XeppSvriffoSf ov, ^, {x^ppoSt V7j<ros), 
the ThraMan peninsula, the 
peninsula of the Dardanelles. 

X^v, p6f, 6 and rj, {anser, Germ. 
gana; goose, gander) ^ gander, 
goose. 

X'M<rKOif ov, d, dimin. of xi^' 

X^(^t oyoSf ^f the earth, ground; 
inrb x^wcJj, under the ground; 
aland. 

i^tXioi, ai, a, a thousand. 

MfiatpOf as, 1^, (properly a she- 
goat), a fire-breathing mon- 
ster, with lion's head, ser- 
pent's tail, and goat's body. 
Hence Eng. chimera, chime- 
rical. 



XiTc&F, vvott i, a •tmuCy shirt- 
coat. 

Xu^f, 6pos, 4t snow. 

xXfUFO, fiSt Vt (laena), a mantle. 

xXa/ivf, vdof, 17, a cloak; esp.,* 
militaiy cloak. 

xXid^, ^f, 17, softness, delicacT, 
luxury, insolence. 

Xocri^, iKoSf iff a dry *xnea8ure= 
4 KOTtSKaUf a quart (dry mea- 
sure). 

XoXiJ, ^J, ^» (/«^ melancholy], 
gall, bile § 69, wr&th. 

Xop^, ihi ^« (c/tord), a string of 
gut ; a harp-string. 

XopvSwy au), {cJiorus), to dance. 

XoprfyLa, as, ^, I. the fitting ont 
of a chorus; n. eqnipm^ 
expenditure, supplies. 

X^pvy^h o^> ^i leader of a ohoras; 
metaph. leader; xtrovider of 
the funds for a choms ; me- 
taph. furtherer^ promoter § 
38. 

Xop6s, 00, 6, {ehoru8y.c7ioir)f dance 
with song ; a troop of dancers ; 
a band. 

XoOs, 6, ded. like poOs; or Att. 
gen. x^h ace. x<^a, pl- X^s» 
a liquid measure =co7i^tu«= 
6 «ea;tom=3 quarts. 

XpadjuuUf Att. xp^M'fu, xp^oftcUy 
to use, employ, be subject to; 
of persons, like uti, to be in- 
timate with; ToTs vapovin, to 
make the best of what one 
has. 

Xpdw, Att. Q, Vol, of a god or 
his oracle, to declare, pro- 
nounce § 115 ; pass, to be pro- 
nounced ; midd. , to consult an 
oracle, nf ^cy. — aor. xpwf^i 
to lend; xpM^*-^^^ ^ borrow. 

Xfitiaf as, ^, use, advantage, need 
(like Lat. opus), 

XP€fi€Tli;iu, iQ, to neigh, to whin* 
ny § 118. 

XP^wy, (xptiw), t6, inded., fate; 



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rOCABULARY. 



35f 



fesp. it is fated, with ini , (with 

or without iarl), 
Xpi^, impers., conj. xpf> op*« 

XP^^^i i^* XP^^i imperf. 

XPW § 1^7, or less often ^^, 

it must needs be (like $€i, 

oportet), it is right, with inf. 

§ 92; it is fated § 102. 
TCPi^t (Xp€^«)j *o »«ed, with 

gen. ; to desire, ask. 
XPVP^ ftToj, t6, ixpdofuu), a 

thing ; plur., money, goods. 

money-making. 
xM<''(/M^) f . •»'» or Of, ©»», (xptio- 

Mcu), useful, serviceable. 
XP'^l^l^h oO, 6, (xpd(a)y an oracle. 
Xprj^^op, yerbal adj., one must 

use, rtif/. 
X/9i7<rriJ/)ioF, ov, t<J, (x^cCw), an 

oracle. 
Xpir<""^> iji ^ (XP<^«*)> good, 

useful, honest. 
Xpi7<rT6nff, i/ros, ^, goodness. 
^^9^, o-w, {Chri8tjfrieo,f'Piction)y 

to anoint, to ruK 

Xpovl^dii lU), (){/90l^t)r ^ h(^d- OUit, 

totaraij; to put offw 
XP^ot, oVf 6, (chronic, chronicle, 

chronology), time; XP^^V or 

^ X-> at length. 
Xpt^eos, see xpiwovt. 
Xp^i, ov, 6, a priest of ApoUo, 

whom Apollo avenged upon 

the Greeks, who had carried 

off his daughter. 
Xpwfl^iw, ov, t6^ dimin. poor, 

paltry gold. 
\pv<rlw, ov, t6, gold, gold plate, 

money. 
-XpuffSfioKKot, w^ with fleece of 

gold. 
Xpv(r6t, ov, 6, {Ohry$08tom), go^ 

gold plate. 
XpvffoOs, 7j, oOr, golden. 
Xpvffo</>6posi ov, wearing gold. 
XP<^fM, arof, TO, (xp^i^f^fu, poly- 

chrome), colour. 



X^^^ff 4 ^I'l (halt, claudus, choU 
iambic), lame, maimed. 

X(6/i>a, as, ij, place, room ; x<^P<^ 
diSSvai Tudy to give place to 
some one,, make way for him 
§186; one's post; station; a 
land; the country, rtu, 

Xwp^ci), Att. w, ittna, to move, 
march, advance, succeed; of 
measures, to contauii have 
room toT= caper e, 

Xw/o^itw, M, to separate, divide. 

X<^P^op, ov, TO, (x^pot), a spot, 
place; post; estate. 

Xwp/f, I. adv.^ apart, asunder, of 
different kmd. n. prep, with 
gen., without, beside, §§ 50, 
116. 

X^os, ov, i, land, place. 

^cuJiJff, 4% lying, false. 
\pev5os, ovs, t6, a lie, falsehoed. 
ifteOdui ffu, (whence pieudo, as 

an , English prefix, pseudo- 

philanthropy etc.) to deceive; 

pass.^ with gen*, to be cheated 

of,. miss; midd. as depon., to 

lie ; with ace. to belie, break 

Engagements). 
rprjipi^fjLai, (^</>os), to Tote. 
f'/jipiafia, aros, t6, (yjfyitfii^iJMi), 

an act, a statute. 
i^^4>oi, ov, if, (xf/dta, to rub), A 

pebble; a counter; a vote. 
\fda0os, ov, if, a rush mat. 
\ffi\6s, ij, iv, (Muf^ to rub), bafe, 

bald, naked, with gen.; in pi. 

ol \pi\ol, light troops. 
^iXoM, Att. <3, ihiTia, to strip bare ; 

pass., to become bald. 
^IXwris, etasp ^ baldness. Late 

word. 
\J/6yos, ov, d, blame. 
^vxayuyiw, Att. w, i/fffu, to lead 

the souls of the dead to the 

o^er world § 115. Late word 

in this sense. 
fVX4> % 4> (^J^CWi metempsy- 

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^8 



VOCABULARY. 



mdma; gko$t, 0u$t), life, the 
fool. 

fim)^ <f, ^, (^»); •old; 

dxeuy; frigicL 
^w, ^iv^ orig. to Wow; ^tne- 

lAlly to oool, #. ^. wine. 
^«#(Mr, ov, ra^ ftmorseL Late 

word. 

(7, inteij. prefixed to the foes- 

tiye. 
(38e, adv. (Sit)^ bo, thos, eo yeiy ; 

<Sl€ ^«t, it k( sa 
^^> n^t 'kf omtr. for (Uc^, 

iiiu, ode), a song. 
'Ofreoyds^ ov, 6, I. one of the 

Titans, the god of the great 

outer sea, the aathor of rivers 

and springs; n. ooean, the 

great sea §§ 17, 110. 
iSKiaray mp&i. adv., most qoiok- 

Ij; fnmi m^ cSSo, i6, (Lat. 

<XTtt»), quick, fleet. 
cMTin^, i^of, ^, qniekness. 
^/Mt, •!;, 0, (iii}i«ni»), the shoul- 
der. 
wfMs, if, &f, raw, nmipe; oruel, 

§124. 
fofUTfis, ifTos, i), emelty; 
fJ/Mi^f, adv., savagely, emelfy. 
Moiuu, Att. oO/iOi, ifffOfjLtu, aor. 

irpidfirip^ {venum, veneo, vei»<io, 

v^naQ, to hoy. 
cH» ^» 4 buying. 
c«rtof, a, M^, for sale. 
iSpa, oj, i), (hora). a season % 

97, 112; the xi^t time, c^a 

dmipaty it is time to go §§ 77 

B. 32, ^. 1 128 n. 22. 
"O/Hi, at, 4. The Horai, daugh- 



ters d ZeoB and Themis, fn- 
sided over the fleasonfl. 

'QplWf itirof, i, a Boeotian hvoii' 
man, sLaiu by Artenos §| 80, 
121. 

m, i.ady. (^ iSt, ikna ; oUt^k^nt 
nc pndem. (b) as, like a8,fol- 
lowmg the word to wiiiah it 
belongs ate § 127 sl 23; vitii 
superl., tm ^fffra ^ qu^amfocU- 
lime f 107; with adverbs^M 
dXiT^c^ in yeiry trntb; o- 
eonj. after rerhs ol s^isg 
and the like, with ind. nhm 
ace. and inl migiht be eab- 
stituted; in final daiu^ 
with eonjonetiye cr ofi, ra 
order that; with ^ td 
limitati(m% i&t fros dveSy, so 
to say; so that; suuie; who; 
how; m. as prep, withnsmes 
of persons, after yezbt of 
motion, to % 73 n. 30, 1S3 
n. 6. IV. in exclamations, how; 
with opt. = uHnam/ y. nith 
numerals, about. 

ilkrwepf adv., just as. 

(&rre, conj., so that, as, for to, 
with inf. oar ind. 

Jra and tSrr&tt see ovt. 

wpiXeui, as, ^, help, profit, gais. 

«tf^X^«, Att. (^ ijfl-w (d^^os), 
to help, to aid, r<n£. 

c^Xifr^oF, verbal adj., one mosi 

^ assist § 85. 

wpi\i/jL09, or, Qsefol, advantage- 
ous; superl, adv., d^eKifuara- 
ra § 58. 

*QXPS, ov, i, wiimame of ArU- 
xerxes III. king of Persia • 

ioxptf^^t Att. v, duruft to be psle. 

Crxp^h ^» OP, pale, wan. 



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SUPPLEMENT TO GLOSSARY. 



^ \d(rxv)i a prater [d]. 
d8(af>oi(6K'fiToSfOv, not taking gifts, 

inooriiiptible. 
oi/tKxrroTiJy, ^f, (o2)uo, 0tc(^), 

dropping blood. 
dXa^p, 6voSy 6 and ^, (ctXi?)) a 

quack, a braggart. 
dKyriftOf Tof, to, (dXyiu), pain. 
di'al;'riTiWf Att. cu, i)<rw, to search 

for. 
AtfOKpdyji, 8 sing. conj. 2 aor. 

§ 116. See under x^xpaya. 

X6<a), expense, cost 
di^y aicTOt, 6, (cf. dpd, iJErw), 

a king, a chief. 
dfipxofuu, dvtifu, § 162 to go up, 

to ascend, 
(ir^, ifiTw, to boil again. 
dvBiaTfffu, dPTian/jffu, to set 

against; midd. with 2 aor. 

dniarrpf and perf^ dvdiorriKa 

(part. di^c^(6( § 159), to stand 

against, to oppose. 
dUo^/tt, ^Wy^to open. 
ifTeXaJrw, eXw, aireXi^Xaira, 1 aor. 
^ pass. d.iniKd$jf¥f to drive away, 

to banish. 
iTepYd^>M<u, dro/uut to eom* 

plete, to work. 
dfrXi^tfTot, or, (ir£/tirXi7/u), not 

to be filled, insatiable. 



dTTOKpefidprufu, ^c5, to hang up, 

to suspend. 
dpiBfUia, Att. w, ij<rw, {arithmetic), 

to count; impert 'fipi&fittt 

§106. 
d/M<rrevw, <r(a, (d^oros), to be the 

bravest, to play the man. One 

book of the Iliad is called the 

dpurrda of Diomedes, another 

of Agamemnon, etc. 
airdp, oonj epic form of drdpy 

but. 

papfiapiK6i, 1^, ^, barbarian, 
foreign. 

70/4/3/hJj, oO, i, {yofUtaf gener), a 
son-in-law. 

ytywhou § 10 perf. inf. from 
yiypofMi, \iyei .... 7. * says 
that have become.' 

6aicH\tof, ov, 6f {SdicrvKos), a 
ring, a signet. 

SA^o^, £icof, 6 and ^, a pig. 

SeoyutfTijptor, ow, r^, a prison. 

Si^fjuos, ov, 6, (d^Au>s), the public 
executioner. 

AiifUKpiTos, ov, 6f the famous 
* laughing' phUosopher of 
Abdera, lived during the 
greater part of the 6^ cen- 
tury B.O. and into the 4th, 
and was founder^ with hi9 



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350 



VOCABULARY. 



inro94t*t i^, to tie under ; midd., 
to put one's shoes on ; pass., 
to have one's shoes put on 
§ 115 u. 14. 

inr6diifiaf arof, t6i a sandal, a 
shoe. 

inrodvofuUf dvtro/iat, with aor. 
{nridvp and perf. inrod^dvKa, to 
go under, to put on; to under- 
go, to steal upon. 

inro^evypvfiij ^ev^Uj to yoke un- 
der, to subject to. 

i/To^yioiff oVf r<$, a beast of bur- 
den. 

{/ToSifKrft lyy, i^, a precept. 

{nroOoXdujf Att. u;, (bffWf to trou- 
ble, to make muddy. Late 
word. 

CroKplvofiaif Ib^oO/uUf to play a 
part on the stage, to act, to 
feign. 

inroKpiTi^s, ov, 6, {iTOKplvo/MoUf hy- 
pocrite) f a player. 

inroXa/jipdyu, Xi^^o/icii, to take up, 
to reply ; to suppose, to under- 
stand, to view as so and so. 

inroKi&uf, c(a, to loose beneath ; to 
unyoke, set free; to take oft 
shoes; midd., to take off one's 
own shoes. 

Cirofiiub), vuf to await, to endure, 
to stand firm. 

bvofiifjof-fiaKU), ifvonir/fffUt to re- 
mind, Tivd Tipos § 62; pass., 
§ 110; to mention; midd., to 
remember. 

inrovo^Ui Att. w, '/jffw, to suspect, 
to conjecture. 

iiroirlvb), vlofiaiy to tipple. 

iirbrTepos^ ov, feathered, winged. 

iTroTreiJw, (tw, to suspect. 

inroppiujy pvi^jofiai, perf. iveppi' 
TjKOj to steal into § 100 n. 18 ; 
to drop off § 97 n. 14. 

{firo(rrp4<fKaf ^w, to turn back. 

ifTTorapdiTTUf |w, to stir up, to 
trouble. 

^ordTTujt f M, to arrange under, 



to subject; ol {frorerayfi^poif 
subjects. Late word. 

inrorLdrffu, inroB'^taf to place Tin- 
der ; midd., to suggest, advise 
§ 186 n. 14; to presuppose. 

(nroupy4(a, Att. &, i/ja<a, to sezre, 
to help, Tivl, 

iwwftabKaf avQ, to give a peep of; 
to appear^ to break, of the day 
dawning. 

inrox^tpios, w, in hand ; subject, 
TOfl; ivoxcipioif Xo^e«» timo, 
to get some one into one's 
power. 

Uroxos, or, subject. 

Woxiapiut Att. (D, to retire ; to 
draw back. 

inro\f/la, af, ^, suspicion. 

vxrios, a, ovj {inr6)t on one's bac% 
supinus; turned upwards. 

vs, if6sf 6 and ^, (o't/s), a swine, a 

pig- 
»7<rTOTos, 17, OF, last. 
va-TcpoPy (neut. of Hartpos), adv., 

afterwards, in future. 
d^dffTCtf, d^w, to kindle. 
vipoLfffia, arcs, t6, {i^fxtivdiy weave), 

a web, a woven garment. 
ii^i^fiif if(f>ii<r<a, to let down, to 

put under, to suborn; intrans. 

and midd.,' to abate of, rufbs, 
v4>i<TTrnUy uTo<rri}<rw, to putonder; 

midd., with 2 aor. and perf. 

act., to promise, to yield to; 

to bide under; to stand firm. 
v\prf\6i, ii, 6v, (v\f/os)i high. 
if\p66€Vf adv., from on high. 
ly^oj, ovj, t6, (cf. vr4p)i height. 
v\f/ov, adv., high. 
vyf/6ut, Att. fa), (6<rw, to exalt, 
lib;, vau, to rain; esp. impers., 

<l€i=zpluit, it rains. 

4>ay€Lv, see ia-6i(a, 

ipcdvuf, avu), aor. ^^itto, {pheno- 
menorCjf intr. perf. vi<f>riva 
(^os), to bring to light, to 
shew, to give light. Pass, to 



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70CABULAR7. 



351 



appear, ^alpercu with inl e,g, 
c&aiy seems to be ; with part. 
e.g, <&», evidently is; ifxU^t, 

, shew thyself as § 95 n. 12. 

^f>aK^, rjs, 4 a dish of lentils, 
porridge. 

0^a7(, ayyos, rj, a phalanx, a 
close mass of infantry; the 
. main body of an army. 

ffKtKcucpdt, a, 6r, bald. 

^a\npei^t iws, 6, of Phaleron, 
the most ancient of the har- 
bours of Athens § 144. 

^aP€f4n, dy 6vy {<pcdiKa)y open, ma- 
nifest; ^Hxvepof iffTi TOifSv or 
Sri Toid rovTOi he is known to 
do this. Cf. hijXos. 

<f>doty ovt, T6y {<tpaiiKa)y light. 
Poetic word. Cf. 0o);, t6. 

ipapirpa, at, 17, {^ipta, pharetra), 
a qmyer. 

^apfxaxe^, ffu, to drug, to poi- 
son. 

4pdpfjLaKW, ov, rb, (pharmaqf), a 
drug; a remedy, rtMos, for 
some ill ; a potion, a spell, a 
means, ru^dsy of producing 
something; a poison § 155. 

fpapfA&TTtay ^Uf to poison ; to en- 
chant 

^apydpa^iy ou, 6, a Persian sa- 
trap, son-in-law of Artaxerxes 
Mnemon, who plays a conspi- 
cuous part in history B.C. 413 
— 874. At first he supported 
Sparta, but in 410 concluded 
an allumce with AlMbiades ; 
afterwards he cooperated with 
Konon, and invaded Lakonia 
B.O. 893 §§ 32, 93. 

^apvdKTjSy oviy 0, Ph. II. son of 
Mithridates the great, king of 
Pontos, conspired against his 
father, who was forced to take 
poison. Pompeius recognised 
Ph. as king and ally; in the 
civil war Ph. besieged Cae- 
sar^S lieutenant Calvinns, 



which occasioned Caesar's ra- 
pid march against him b.c. 
48 § 108. 

^dpvy^y vyyos, if, the throat^the 
gullet. 

<t>dcya¥0¥y ov, rb, {ff<pdt(a), a 
sword. 

^curicwSs, oy, from the river 
Phasis; 6 ^. (sc. 6pvi9), the 
Phasian bird, pheasant, Lat. 
phasiamta, 

^SiffiSy lioSy 6, the boundary river 
between Asia Minor and Eol- 
chis, now Bion. 

4>d(rK(a, {<f>v/J^)i mostly used in 
partic. and inf., to assert. 

^ari;, 17, (i^rfJ^), a report, a say- 
ing, fame. ' 

4>a0\osy 17, oif, bad, worthless, 
good for nothing, poor, vulgar, 
slight. 

^v\^ri;f , ijToSf rj, badness, pocnr* 
ness. 

<pa6\(as, adv., poorly, ill. 

#e(5las, ov, 6, a great Athenian 
sculptor, painter and archi- 
tect, flor. B.0. 444. His prin- 
cipal work was the statue of 
Olympian Zeus § 157. 

4>€ldo/jt.aiy ffojxaty 1. to spare, with 
gen.; 2. to abstain from ; with 
inf. like parco, to spare to do. 

<f>€i8d>y oOs, ij, thrift. 

^epaly iSv, aly a Thessalian city, 
mih a strong fortress. 

^epaios, ay Wy of Pherai. 

^^/DjSw, to feed, tend ; pass., to be 
fed, to feed on. 

^€p€Ki^d7fSy ous, 6, I. a philoso- 
pher of the island of Syros; 
said to have numbered I^rtha- 
goras among his pupils, and 
to have been one of Uie earli- 
est writers of prose § 154; u. 
a historian of the island of 
Leros cir. 400 B.C. § 145. 

^pia, cifftay Mjvoxay aor. ifi^eyxa 
and IjveyKov (ferOf to bear), to 



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352 



VOCABULART. 



bear, carry, endure ; with adv., 
XaXercDf etc., to take ill ; to 
fetch ; to produce ; to carry 
off, to plunder ; to win ; of a 
road, to lead § 6 ; pass., to be 
borne, to move, roll, fly, sail; 
<t>ip«y come ! 

^0, exclamation of grief, anger, 
or surprise, alas ! oh! ha! 

^dyw, (o/iac, (poet, also ^oO/xai), 
Tiip€vya^ aor. l^iAyor, to flee, 
to avoid ; to be banished (used 
as pass, of ^/c/SoUXw); to be 
accused, with gen. of char^ 
(used as pass, of dtc^/cw). 

0eu«cr^or, verbal adj. of ^i^w, 
one must flee. 

^iJ/Aiy, 171, % {i>til^^ farm), an ora- 
cle, a saymg, a report, fame. 

0i7mA ifyfivbi, imperl used as aor. 
I^iyv, (/or, farit farne, fate^ 
prqpA^tic), \<^kop used as 
imperf., to say, to speak, to 
assert ifr/itri inserted like in- 
quity in a speaker's words; 
0a<ri, ^lyfl-i, *they say,' = Fr. 
ondit, 

^drta, 4>0yj(roixatj to be before- 
hand with, to anticipate, to 
forestall ; i<f>$ri» d^nKOfievos, I 
came up first; ipBdo'as, quickly. 

^4yyo/uLi, ^oficu, to shout, to 
c^, to scream, neigh etc., of 
the cry of animals; to utter. 

^eipw, epi2j iipdapKO., 2 peH. 
i<j>$opaf to destroy, spoil; pass., 
to perish, go to ruin. 

^Blrof, cofKUt to decay, pine, 
perish; in fut. ^iff<a, aor. 
i<p$Lffaj to consume. 

^Oovita, Att. w, ijffw, to envy, 
Ttyl, a man ; tipI rtyoi, a man 
something; ^^oi'^ei.epic 3 sing, 
ind. pres. § 27. 

<p06potf ov, 6f envy, spite. 

^d\rf, ijSf iff {phiali viatj, a 
broad shallow bowl (like a 
saucer), used for libations. 



^cXaj^/>anrfa, af, ^ {philanthrO' 
oy, phUanthn^pUt), benevo- 
lence. 

^tKatfOpioTOi, w, kind, humane. 

^apyvplcL, as, 4 love of money. 

<fn\dpyvpos, w, covetous. 

(pCKavriOf as, % self-love, selfish- 
ness. 

<l>CKa\noi, op, loving self, selfish. 

if>i\4<a, Att. (tf, i/jiTia, 1. to love, to 
kiss § 116; 2. like amo, to be 
wont. 

^iXiyicotoi, at, ij, {dKo6<a), atten- 
tiveness. 

0tX£a, as, ^, friendship. 

0(Xac(tf}, adv., in a friendly vray. 

^IXiTTos, ov, 6, 1. king of Mace- 
don B.C. 359—887, the con- 
queror of Greece, father ot 
Alexander ; 2. a jester, p. 68. 

iptXofiaOiis, 4i, fond of learning. 

^tXo/AijXa, as, lij, daughter ot 
Fandion, king of Attica and 
siste): of Prokne, was changed 
into a nightingale. 

(fttKopeudc^ as, 17, contentiousness, 
bickering. 

^tXo^cvos, ov, 6, 1, son of Eryxifl^ 
an Athenian contemporary of 
Perikles§77; n. ofKythera, 
a musician and dithyrambic 
poet § U6.. 

ipiXotrdrupy opos, 6 and 17, loving 
one's father. 

^iKoTOPos, OP J fond of labour, di- 
ligent. 

^Xos, 17, OP, dear ; super! ^\ra» 
ros. 6 0., a friend. 

0iXo<ro0^(tf, Att. iS, riffta, to love 
knowledge; to study, to be a 
philosopher. 

<l>CKotro<f>la, as, 4, philosophy; 
study. 

0iX^<ro^s, ov, 6, philosopher. 

0tXorex»'^w, Att. w, ijo-w, to love 
art; to play the connoisseur 
§ 107 n. 38. 

^M\oTifUofiai, Att. ovfMU, fjffofiai, 



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VOCABULARY. 



853 



to be ambitions; mth inf., to 
be eager to do §§ 108, 125. 

^UKoTifda, aSf ijt ambition, emu- 
lation. 

ipiXoTiftos, OP, ambitions. 

4>t\wf^poff^t V^t ^> friendliness. 

^tXraros, see 4>IXot, 

^Mpoy, ow, t6, (ipiXiia, phiUre), 
a loye-chann, a spell, a charm. 

^ipcvsy im, 6t a blind prophet, 
-whose ^able was polluted by 
the Harpies, till he was freed 
from that plague by the Ar- 
gonauts, whom he directed on 
their yoyage. 

^Xey/MP'^, rjSf i^, inflammation; 
heat of passion. Late word. 

4>X^<ai ^w, to bum, to kindle. 

^XourfioSi ov, 6, {<f>\4<a), a din, 
uproar, 

<p\6^y yos, 1^, (phlogUtic), flame, 
a blaze. 

^\vapio», Att. u;, i/crb^i to jest, 
trifle. 

^^ep6i, d, 6if, fearful, timid, 
formidable;' act. and pass., 
"^e formidolosua, gnarus, 

^pi(o, Ati (3, i^ca, to frighten ; 
<f>o^€iffdaiy to fear. 

^6^rf, i;;, ij, hair, a mane. 

4f>6^oi, ov, by fear ; 1^^' ipopoy, it 
is to be feared. 

^o^oSf ov, 6, the god of fear. 

€>oZj8off, ov, 6, a name of Apollo. 

^oiAKtii i^f, ri, the ancient Ca- 
naan ; a narrow strip of coast 
land; its chief cities were 
Tyre and Sidon § 93. 

^otuiKiitls, ov, 6, see § 69 n. 25. 

tpoiviKovs, ovcca, oiV, dark red. 

^oLvi^, iKoSy 6, a Phoinikian§ 129. 

<f>oiTa(a, Att. Q, i^ffu), to resort to ; 
esp. of pupils going to school 
§144. 

^\ii, ISoi, ij, a homy scale, of 
reptiles. 

^01^61^, 4<as, 6, a murderer. 

«pov€iiut, c(a, to murder. 



tfApot, ov, 6, (root ^w), murder, 
bloodshed. 

^p4ia, Att. (3, iffl-w, (^/w), to 
bear, to wear. 

4f6p7jfM, arcs, t6, {ipopita), what 
is borne or wom; a load; in 
pi., attire. 

^SpKvst vof, 6, the father of the 
Gorgones and Graiai. 

^pos, ov, 6, {4>4p<o), tribute. 

ipopriKos, i}, 6y, (0^/w), burden- 
some, tiresome, low, vulgar, 
mde § 125. 

<l>opTiov, ov, T6t {<p4p<a), a burden, 
load, cargo. 

4>pdl;ta, (Tw, {phrase), to say, tell, 
speak. 

ippcLTTbi, ^ia, {fareiOj borough), 
to fence, secure, dose, stop 
§126. 

4>p^o.p, arot, r6, (poume, bum), 
a well. 

^pprfy, €v6Si ij, the heart, the 
mind, good sense. 

^pl^ot, ovt 6, son of Athamas 
and Nephele, who fled to 
Eolchis on a golden ram. 

4>plTT(a,^(a,ir4<f>pLKay {l£yos,frigeo, 
Ft, frUonner) to bristle, to 
shiver, to shudder, to be 
thrilled. 

tppofiu), Att. (?, i/tro), {<f>p^p)t to 
think, to be wise, to have 
knowledge; rb^poveiv, judge- 
ment; to be in one*s senses; 
to mean; eu or Kaxuis 0. with 
dat., to be well or ill disposed 
towards; fx^ya <p., to be high- 
minded, proud § 80 n. 10. 

tppomjfia, aroSfTo, spirit, thought, 
courage. 

<f)p6v7i<Tt,s, cwj, 4, prudence, dis- 
cretion. 

<f>p6yifjLos, ovt prudent. 

ippovrL^uj, lu, to think, give heed, 
consider; to care for, mind, 
reck of, rtvot, 

4>povTls, Idos, i}, (0/)i7>')» care, 

23 

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354 



roc ABU I ART. 



eonoem, thought, eomdder- 
ation. 

^vpd, £f , 4, a watching, goard ; 
also of men on wateh, a 
watch, guard. 

tppovpiwt Att. <S, 4fffia, to guard, 
to keep guard. 

tppovpiovt ov, r6t a fort, out-post; 
a guaid. 

^pvyla, as, 4» I- ^e greater 
Phrygia, a district of Asia 
Minor, occupying the interior 
of the W. half of the pen- 
insula; II. lesser P. on the 
Hellespont. 

^pvKTwpla, as, i}, {tppvyta), signal- 
ling by beacons or alorm- 
fires. 

*pu^ 7^1, if a Phrygian. 

^vyaSe^ijf <r<a, (^vyo^s), to banish. 

ipvydsy dSoSi 6, an exile, a refugee. 

^M, Vh iJ. {<h^v» f'^o,, fugi- 
tive), flighl^ escape, banish- 
ment. 

0D/COS, ovs, t6, Ifucus), a paint, 
cosmetic. 

4>v\aKi/i, r}Sf if, guarding, watch- 
ing, watch. 

0i/Xa^, aicoj, 6, a watcher, guar- 
dian, metaph. § 100 ; ol <f>.y the 
guard, garrison. 

<p{\a^iSt €(as, TJ, a watching, 
guarding. 

^vXdffffUf see 0u\arrw. 

0i/Xarrw, (or <r(rw), ^«, (cf. phy- 
lactery)^ to watch, guard, de- 
fend, observe ; midd.,to shun, 
avoid, guard against § 113 n. 
12; 0i^Xa^a(, take care! look 
out 1 §77. 

^i^LOii ov, 0, {(pevyta), epithet of 
Zeus § 166, rescuer, saviour. 

(pupdtOi dauj to mix, to knead. 

<pv<riK6sf 17, 6*', (physical), natu- 
ral; 6 0., a natural philoso- 
pher § 94. 

4>v<ris, €w$, 17, (4>vu)), nature, cha- 
racter; 060r6(, by nature ; icard 



^utf-ty, according to Hainte; 
^wrii' ^eii' § 92 n. 7. 

^e/a, at, 17, pIant]Jig,.«iiltiBe. 

ipurevta, <rw, (^utok), to plaait, be^ 
get, produce. 

4>vt6¥, ov, r4 a plant, tree^ 

ipvTOTpoip4<a, Att. «D,to rear plaxii& 

^(^(a, (Tw, riifwKa, 1 aor. ^umi, 
2 aor. I0VF. 1. to bring forth, 
produce, b^t; 4>p4pas, to get 
understanding; midd. with 
perf . and 2 aor., to come into 
being, to grow, to be bom § 94 
n. 2 ; perf. and 2 aor. act. in 
pres. sense, to be b^ nature; 
with inf., to be naturally in- 
clined to. 

^ofKeh, Stasj o, a Phokian, inha- 
bitant of PhoMs. 

$(tfic W, twos, 6, an Athmiian ge- 
neral and statesman, famous 
for his uprightness and laco- 
nic bluntness. He lived dur- 
ing the reigns of Philip and 
Alexander, and was condemn- 
ed to death b.o. 317 aet. 80 
§§ 124, 128. 

4xavi<a, rfaw, to sound, to cry, to 
call. 

0WM7, TJSi if, voice, cry. 

ipiairfieis, e<Tca, ev, vocal; rb. tfna- 
VT^evTo, vowels )( tA A<p<apn, 
consonants. 

<p(i>p6.(af Att. (3, dffO), to search, 
to detect, to take in the man- 
ner. 

ifxbs, (fxarSs, 6, pi. <p(3Tes, a man; 
poetic. 

<p(3Sf 4>(aT6Si TO, (contr. from <pdos; 
|>/i08phorus) ; light, joy; Ttpos 
4k2s dycLy, to bring to li^t. 

Xa^pias, ov, 6, one of the chdef 
Athenian genersJs in the first 
half of the 4th cent. b.c. § 74. 
See his life by Nepos. 

XaipeKpdrrjs, ovs, 0, brother of 
Chairephon. 



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VOCABULART. 



305 



Kocp^wr, wiTof, 6f ft deYoied 

scholar of Solorates. 
xodpuy "iffWy to rejoice; to lejoke 
at, with diit. ; with purtic., de- 
light in doing; imper. xa<>< 
= $alve or vale^ hail, fajfeweU ; 
also, good hye to ; ftwaj with, 
lile vaXeat § 145 it 18; x«^- 
p€a^ at the begmning of let- 
ters, for x- >^^ $(U0ere iubet 
§ 25 n. 28. 

X«u/KdM(a, at, 17, ft town in Boeo- 
tia, famous for the defeat of 
the Greeks 1^ Philip B.a dS8 
§110. 

XaX^6y, Att. (a, M'w, to sladton; 
intrans., to grow weak. 

XoXdeuoc, wr, o<, a nomad peoplcL 
who conquered Babylon, and 
founded the Ghaldaeo-Baby- 
Ionian empke; 2. the Chcd- 
daean priests and astrologers. 

XoXeTalwWf cufQ, (¥aXer6s)) to be 
angr^, sore, with dat 

XoXea-dt, 17, iw, hard, difficult, 
morose, cruel, craboed. 

XoXeircSs, with difficulty; angri- 
ly; superL x<^cir<^af<^ 

XaXiyot, ov, a, (xaXciw), bridle. 

XaX«nr9<^> ^''o^) ^« ft cityin Bitby- 
nifty on the Thrakian Bospo- 
ros, opposite to Byzantion. 

XaKKidevtt ^<as^ ii an inhabitant 
of the peninsula of ChaUddike 
in Makedonia § 76. 

xaXK^woviy mmt braes-footed^ 

xaX/c<5s, w, J, copper; bronze; 
vessel of bronze; a bronze 
mirror § 27. 

XaXicovs, ^, ow, of bronze ; rh x* 
'y^yos, the brasen age of men 
between the silver and the 
iron in the descending scale. 

XcCXos, ov, 6^ a river in Syria near 
GhalMs. 

xa/icU, adv., (^ume, humble)^ on 
the ground, to the ground. 

X«t/«£, At, 17, joy. 



stamp, impress, oharaeter. 

staJke; a^ihe-prop^ 

Xa/>drT«, {«#, (Mrftte/f, ^roveX ♦<> 
engrave. 

Xa/ȣctti ecrro, er, (x^^t), graoi- 
lol, ftooomj^ished; x«i^^» a 
pretty tale 1 ircmioaL Oomp. 
i^rrepotf sup. i^rmrot, 

Xapii-cvMw* i<WM«, Ktx^fMiuu, 
both act. and pass^ (x<^p(f)i to 
gratify, to indolget with dat.; 
to give frttJ^, witii ftoo* ittid 
dat. 

XafMcXii, ovt, 1), mothtt of Tel« 
resias § 189. 

XapCKaos, ov, ^j son of Polydek- 
tes, king of Sparta, during 
whoae ninoiity Lykourgos go- 
verned. 

xa/Mt, ir0t, <#, gntce, kindness, ft 
favour § 145 ; thanks, a grate- 
ful return, delight ; x^P^ ^^ 
gen., ' on account o^ for the 
sake of ; tfS^ x** ^' ^7 b^^ 

Zaptt, (Tot, lif in plur. Xdpirei^ 
the 8 goddesses of grace, at- 
tendants on Aphrodite: Ag« 
laia, Thaleia, Euphrosyne. 

XdpoM^f (tirot, ij the ferryman who 
conveyed the souls of the dead 
across the Styx. 

xdffKw, xAi'ov/Mu, ic4xv^ 2 ^'* 
^aiw {hiaeo^ chasm)^ to yawn, 
gape; x^x^Tft ^ ^^ ^^^^ ^ 
pres. 

Xa<r/Aa, drot, r^, (xci^icw, cAa«m\ 
a gulf, a hollow. 

X6?X4>t, ovt, r^, a lip. 

XHXuv, (ayos, 6, a Lakedaimoni- 
an, one of the 7 wise men of 
Greece § U6. 

X«Ata, OTOj, rrf, frost, cold. 

X6(f(€p<i'^t, 1}, &iff of winter, in 
winter time. 

Xetfc^/>(ot, a, or or os, oi', wintry, 
stormy § 128 n. 25. 



23— flogle 



356 



rOCABUZABT. 



XtMM^, c3foi, 6, (Lat. hiemps), 
winter; oold weather; a 
storm. 

X«ifh P^s, (poei x«P<^»)» 4» (chir- 
urgeon), the hand; the arm ; 
€ls x^^' ^^ ^ come to 
blows. 

Xtipi<rrot,^, w, worst. Used as 
snperL of kokAu 

Xeipoy* ady., worse. 

XeipcTimifTds, ij, -^y, chosen (by 
show of hands). 

Xei/)ou/>y^f , 6y, workmg by hand, 
practising an art: d y., an 
artist § 111. 

Xei/)6w, Att. w, ^w, (x«f/)), gene- 
rally in midd., to bring under 
hand, to gnbdne. 

Xefpwr, oVf worse, inferior, of 
lower rank. Used as oomp. 
of KaKSs, 

Xdptaif, wost it the jnst Centanr 
of Mt. Pelion, tiie tutor of 
many of the heroes in the arts 
of prophecy, music, medicine, 
gymnastics, surgery etc. The 
PeHan spear of Achilles had 
been his. 

XOuidbp, A'oj, ^, (hirundo)f the 
swallow. 

X€\(A>vrit ifSi i), a tortoise. 

XeppSifqffoSt ov, i}, {x^pposj vrjffos)^ 
the Thrakian peninsula, the 
peninsula of the Dardanelles. 

X^y, p6s, 6 and ij, (anser, Germ. 
gans; goose, gander), gander, 
goose. 

yyfviaKos^ ov, d, dimin. of xv^* 

X^wj'f ovos, ^, the earth, ground; 
inrb x^w^Jj under the ground; 
aland. 
^/X(0(, ou, a, a thousand. 

Xlfiaipa, aj, i}, (properly a she- 
goat), a fire-breathing mon- 
ster, with lion's head, ser- 
pent's tail, and goat's body. 
Hence Eng. chimexa, chime- 
rical. 



Xwt^v, wvoi, 4, a -tunic, shirt, 
coat. 

X^^t^t ^wt, 17, snow. 

xXoiyo, 17s, 17, (laena), a mantle. 

xXeviwf, v5of, »7, a cloak; esp.,a 
militaiy cloak. 

xX*5i}, vh Vf Boftneas, delicacy, 
luxuiy, insoienc^. 

X«Ktf, i/coj, ^, a dry, measure = 
4 KoriSKcu, a quart (dry mea- 
sure). 

XoXi^, ^s, ^, (/eZ, melanc^ly), 
gall, bile § 69, wrath. 

Xo/)H ^f, ^, (chord), a string of 
gut; a harp-string. 

Xo/)«jJw, <rw, (c/k>rw«), to dance. 

Xopriy^a, af , ^, i. the fitting out 
of a chorus; 11. equipment, 
expenditure, supplies. 

Xo/)Ty6y, ou, 6, leader of a chorus ; 
metaph. leader; provider of 
the funds for a chorus ; me- 
taph. furtherer, promoter 5 
38. 

Xop^J, ov, 6, (chorus, cTioir), dance 
with song ; a troop of dfuicers ; 
a band. 

XOM, a, deol. like /Sous; or Att. 
gen. xot^s, ace. x^o, pi. ^60$, 
a Hquid measure =co7i;^iKs= 
6 sextarii=S quarts. 
Xpa6fi(u, Att. xp^l^ai, xp^a-ofjuu, 
to use, employ, be subject to; 
of persons, like uH, to be in- 
timate with; ToTs irapov<ri, to 
make the best of what one 
has. 
Xpdof, Att. w, 'ffffUj of a god or 
his oracle, to declare, pro- 
nounce § 115 ; pass, to be pro- 
nounced ; midi , to consult an 
oracle, r<p $€i^. — aor. xpv<^at^ 
to lend; xpi^ffao-^ai, to borrow. 
XPeia, as, ii, use, advantage, need 

(like Lat. optis), 
Xpefierl^o), tw, to neigh, to whin^ 

ny § 118. 
Xpiuv, (xpdv), t6, inded., fate; 



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TOGABULARY. 



35f 



^sp. it is fated, with inl, (with 

or without itrri), 
Xpi^, impers., oonj. xpf» 0P*» 

XP^^^t ^^' XP^^o** imperf. 

Xpijpf § 147, or less often ^^, 

it most needs be (like Set, 

oportet), it is right, with inf. 

§ 92; it is fated § 102. 
XPil^t {XP^^^i ^ need, with 

gen. \ to desire, ask. 
-XP^f-^h aros, r6, (x^Mat), a 

thing ; plar., money, goods. 
-XpriiiAT^ts o9, 6t (;oP<£o/Aot), 

money-makiDg. 
XP^<rifMs, If, w, or Of, op, (xp<£o- 

fiai), useful, serviceable. 
XP^At^s, «0, 6, (x/><i«)» an oracle. 
XPV^rioPf verbal adj., one must 

use, rtpt, 
XfiV<^P^ft ov, rrf, (xpddf)^ an 

oracle. 
Xpif<rTAj, 17, 6i», (xpdofAou), good, 

nseful, honest 
Xfyi^T&nfi, rifroty ^, goodness. 
7^»^, <rw, (Christffrico, friction), 

to anoint, to rub., 
Xpovit^^ (u>, (x/'KNw)r to ]i(^d out, 

totanirjr; to put ofll 
"Xfiwos, ov, 6, {ckrofdc, ehroniele, 

chronology), time; xp^v(fi or 

^ X't at length. 
Xp<^eos, see xputf-oOt. 
Xp6ffiis, ov, 6, a priest of Apollo, 

whom Apollo avenged upon 

the Greeks, who had carried 

off his daughter. 
Xpvr^ior, ov, r6, dimin. poor, 

paltry gold. 
Xpvfflop, ov, t6, gold, gold plate, 

money. 
Xpuo-^^u^Xof^ 91^, with fleece of 

gold. 
Xpv(r6s, oO, 6, {OhryiOitom), go^d, 

gold plate. 
XpviToOs, if, oOr, golden. 
Xpvffoipipos, ov, wearing gold. 
XpCifULi orof, r6, (xpi&PWju, poly- 

ehrome), colour. 



X^^^h 4 ^^f {halt, elaudut, ehoU 
iambic), lame, maimed. 

Xt^/Ki, aj, if, place, room ; x<^/hw 
5id6pai TOfly to give place to 
some one,, make way for him 
§186; one's post; station; a 
land; the country, rtu. 

Xf^P^f^t Att. to, -fyrio, to move, 
march, advance, succeed; of 
measures, to contain, have 
room iot:= caper e, 

X<tapi^<a, iw, to separate, divide. 

X^p^oP, ov, t6, (x^pot), a spot, 
place; post; estate. 

xwpf f, I. ady.j apart, asunder, of 
diffwent kmo. n. prep, with 
gen., without, beside, §§ 50, 
116. 

X^os, ov, i, land, place. 

^evSi^f, 4% lying, false. 
rf^eOdos, ovs, t6, a lie, falsehood. 
ifKiLfSuti ffca, (whence p$eudo, as 

an , English prefix, paeudo- 

philanthropy etc.) to deceive; 

pass.^ with gjen., to be cheated 

o^miss; midd. as depon., to 

lie ; with ace. to belie, break 

(engagements). 
^0^^/iai, (^0os), to vote. 
yp^ia/ML, aros, t6, (i^vl^ii'o/Mi), 

an act, a statute. 
ini4>os, ov, ^, {\l^du, to rub), a 

pebble; a counter; ayote. 
i/daOos, ov, if, a rush mat. 
tfft\6s, )}, ip, N/ivj to rub), bate, 

bald, naked, with gen.; in pi. 

ol \l/iXol, light troops. 
fiXoM, Att. (3, ib<r<a, to strip bare; 

pass., to become bald. 
\l/l\wris, eus, if, baldness* Late 

word. 
ypoyos, ov, 6, blame. 
ylfvxorfioyiu, Att. w, ifffw, to lead 

the souls of the dead to the 

other world § 115. Late word 

in this sense. 
1^4 *» ^, (^«^«» metemp«y- 

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^8 



rOCABULART. 



amma; ghoit, 0Uit), life, the 

^of , out, rf 0014. 

V'wXP^t^ «^, ^. <^«); •old; 

dzeaiy; frigid, 
^f^w, ^^» orig. to tlow; {^e- 

nlly to eool, #. ^. wine. 
^oyiMT, ov, ra^ amorseL Late 

wox«L 

w, inteij. preftzed to tbeToos- 
tiy0. 

«3^, adv. {^), flo, th«0, co reiy ; 
^ (S<e ^xc^ it is sa 

V^y ^h 'ht oootr. for doc^, 
iiBuft ode}y a song. 

'fi^reopo^f oQf 6, I. one ol the 
Titans, the god of the great 
outer sea, the author of riyers 
and i^prings; n. ooean, the 
great sea §§ 17, 110. 

(jficarra, supoll. adv., most qoick- 
iy; from (oK^t eSo, 16, (Lat. 
oeiui), qniek, fleet. 

toK^nftf fp-ott ^f, quiokness. 

(?/(tot, w, 6f (umerm), the shoul- 
der. 

lafMSt 4f ^. raw. imiipe; cmeL 

. ? ^^*- 

c^)ua?f, adv., savagely, croeOy. 
taifiofuu, Att. oO/iou, V^^i, aor. 

irpidfiifif^ (venum, veneo, vendo, 

venaX), to bey. 
cMr 9f , i buying, 
(tfctof. Of OF, for sale. 
i%)a, Of, 4, (ftom). a season ^ 

97, 112; the it^t time, d^ 

drUpoty it is time to go ^ 77 

B.83,<rf.|128n. 22. 
'O/Hi, as^ 4. The Horai, daugjh- 



ters of Zetzs and Themis, pte* 
sided over the seasons. 

'Qplvy, wfott 0, a Boeotian himts- 
maa, slalii by Artemis Si 80, 
121. 

4M,i.adv.(a)(Jff,thii0; iM'iSs^fu 
tic fuidm. (b) as, Hke as, fol- 
lowing the word to whioh it 
belongs cdt § 127 n. 23; with 
superl., tit ^rra^qu^amfwiU 
lime I 107; with adverbs, m 
iXfffws, in vei7 tmtk; n. 
eonj. after verbs oi safing 
and the like, wi& ind. where 
ace. and inl might be sub- 
stituted; in final olaiises, 
with eoEtjunetive or opl.^ m 
order HhtA; with inl m 
limitatiims, <is Irot elireSr, so 
to say; so that; sinee; whoi; 
how; m. as prep, with names 
of persons, aftw yeibs of 
motion, to ^ 73 n. 30, 122 
n. 6. rv. in exclamations, how; 
with opt. = uUnam/ y. with 
numerals, about. 

tSffwepf adv., just as. 

<3<rTc, conj., so that, as, foar to, 
with inf. or ind. 

iira and drrSis, see ovt* 

(J^Aeio, as, i), help, profit, gain. 

w0eX^«, Att. c^ v^v (o^^os), 
to help, to aid, ripd. 

(aip€\7friop,Y&[htl adj., one most 
assist § 85. 

(o<piXi/ju)9y c^y Qsefol, advantage- 
ous; superl, adv., w^iStfuara- 
ra § 58. 

*Qxos, w, kJ, siimame of Arta- 
xerzes HI. Idng of Persia. ■ 

(ixp^dut Att. w, iffufy to be pale. 

Crxpo^ d, QVy pale, wan. 



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SUPPLEMENT TO GLOSSARY. 



^ \4ffxn)j a prater [a]. 
d8wf>o86KifToSi ov^ not taking gifts, 

incormptible. 
uXiMorayfiSy 4s, {dtfAa, tf'rd^), 

dropping blood. 
dXaj;tbyf SvoSf 6 and ^, (cfXi?), a 

quack, a braggart. 
dkynfia, ToSt to, (d.\y4(a\ pain. 
itfa^rfriv, Att. w, ^^o-o), to searoh 

for. 
ipaKpdr^i 8 sing. eonj. 2 aor. 

§ 116. See under Kixpaya, 
AfdKwfia, Tos, t6, "(dyaXUrKtaf dva- 

Mia), expense, cost 
dvait OKToSf 6f (of. dvd, dtirw), 

a king, a chief. 
dwipxofMi, dyeifu, § 162 to go np, 

to ascend. 
d»hpWy iftf-w, to boil again. 
dw0lffr7ifu, dmiffHiata, to set 

against; midd. with 2 aor. 

drriffriff and p«rf; drBiffrriKa 

(part. MeffTi&s § 159),to stand 

agunst, to oppose, 
db^o^yw/tt, |w>^to open. 
dTeXaupv, eXc^, a«-eXi)X«uca, 1 aor. 
^ pass. ainfXii^, to drive away, 

to banish. 
dLvff/yydfo^ai, dirofuUf to eom* 

plete, to work. 
dw\fi<rrof, or, (W/burXi;fu)« not 

to be filled, insatiable. 



droKpepuunnffu, fiu, to hang up, 

to suspend. 
dfuff/Uu, Att. (3, 'jffu, (arithmetic), 

to count; import iipidiiti, 

§106. 
dpiartvia, ff<a, (dpiffrot), to be the 

brayest,toplaytheman. One 

book of the nlad is called the 

dpiffTcLa of Diomedes, another 

of Agamemnon, etc. 
airdp, conj epic form of drdp, 

but. 

^ap/3apt/c6s, i}, ^, barbarian, 
iforeign. 

yafjipp6s, ov, 6, (yaiUv, gener), a 
son-in-law. 

ytyophw, § 10 perf. inf. from 
ylypoftai, \4y€i .... 7. * says 
that have become.* 

SaKT^IKios, ov, 6, {SdicrvKos), a 
ring, a signet. 

dA0a{, £jcof, 6 and ^, a pig. 

IkcfKoHipiw, ov, t6, a prison. 

dijfuot, ov, 6, (d^ftos), uie public 
executioner. 

ArifiOKpiros, ov, 6, the famoos 
* laughing' plulosopher of 
Abdera» Hy^ during the 
greater part of the 6th cen- 
tury B.O. and into the 4th, 
and was founder^ with hi? 



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3G0 



SUPPLEMENT TO GLOSSARY. 



master Lenkippos, of the 
atomio theory, afterwards 

EDpnlarised by EpiknroB and 
ucretiiu. 
hfifjivriKTii, out, 6f name of a 

herald § 68. 
ZiKdj^iat d<r<a or to, (HKf^t to judge, 

to give judgement, to be a 

judge; midd. with perf. pass. 

to haye one's case tried; dUrjp 

8(ir(ij¥<r^aZ rtpi, to go to law 

with one. 
9tapodoK4<a, Att. ij, i$^», to take 

as a bribe, to take bribes. 

efrep, oon]., if indeed § 94. 
ttwda, perf. (from the Homeric 

i$(a) used as a pres., to be 

wont ; Kard, t6 el(a06s, accord- 
ing to custom. 
iKdffTOT€f adv. » on each occasion, 

ever. 
iKK\4TTu, ^w, to steal and carry 

off. 
ivaprfffif 4sf {dpy6s, dpy/js), clear, 

manifest. 
iy€\6xn<rap § 156 1 aor. of A- 

XoxcCw, q.v. 
^ayopevu), i^epw, i^elptiKOy 2 aor. 

iizMrov, to tell out, betray = 

emmtio. 
i^ciTOP, see i^ayop€vta, 
i^iKPiofjuu, i^l^ofjuu, aor. i^iKO- 

firjPt to reach, to suffice § 159. 
ipbuf (by transposition ^^o;, 

ipyov, work), ip^Ut iopyay to 

do, to practise § 155. 
evyci'cSy, adv., nobly, generous- 
ly, like one of high birth. 
€v9aifuavj ov, gen. ovoi, (evdae* 

monism), happy. 
euXa/3^o/Aai,Att. ov/Mit, i^tro/Aot, to 

beware, to fear, to reverence, 
eu/iefwy, aiiv., graciously, kindly. 
eirjrpa^a, af, ^, (cd irpdrrw to 

fare well), success. 

*H\c7of, 6, a man of Elis § 104. 



ifkucuLrijs, ov, 6, one of tHe same 
age, a fellow, liat. aequaUt 
§ 123. 

ifXios, ov, o, {fkff, self A«Ztotrope), 
the sun. 

*HX(of, ov, 6, Helios, the god of 
the sun, son of Hyperion and 
Theia, from the time of 
Aischylos identified with 
ApoUon and Phoibos § 15. 

^Xtt, iSost 17, a country in the 
W. of Peloponnesos, bounded 
by Achaia N., Kessene S., 
Arkadia E., the Ionian sea 
W. It was sacred to Olymp- 
ian Zeus, in whose honour 
the Olympic games were held 
every i years at Olympia on 
the light bank of the Alph- 
eios § 124. 

ij\os, ov, 6, a nail § 73* ' 

QdfivptSf iSoSf o, son of Philam- 
mon and Argiope, a mythical 
minstrel of the Edonians in 
Thrake, blinded by the Mouses 
and deprived of his power of 
singiug, for his presumption 
in challengiug them to a 
musical contest II. n 594 
8eq.§3. MLixin Blind Tfiamy^ 
ris and blind MaeonideM. 

64(1), Oevffoixaxy (whence Oo6s^ cf. 
^«), to run. 

07jpdofMi, Att. (Sfiatf dao/Mu^ 
(diip), to hunt, pursue, catch, 
§ 145. 

dopv^ibi, Att. 0), i70-ct>, {06pvfiof, 
OprpfOij rapdiTw, turba), to 
clamour, to make a din, esp. 
of a multitude drowning a 
speaker's voice § 103 fin. 

BpdKiiy riSt ^, in the earUer times 
Europe N. of Greece, includ- 
ing Makedonia and Skvthia; 
afterwards till the Koman 
mlp, the land between JilaJse* 
donia and the Dftnube; under 



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SUPPLEMENT TO GLOSSARY. 



361 



the BomAxis, the land between 
Makedonia and Mt. Haimos, 
north of which, to the Dan- 
nbe, lay Moesia § 160. 
0/>^^, 9x0s, a Thracian § 111. 

*1p<S^ 009, 0^ lii ^, dan. of Ead- 
mos and Hannonia, wife of 
Athamas, as a goddess cidled 
lieokothea. When Athamas 
in a frenzy slew his and her 
son Learchos, Ino fled and 
plunged into the sea with her 
other son Melikertes, where 
they became gods, d^verers 
of mariners in distress § 91. 

IxOvripos, d, 6pj pertaining to 

flsh § 114. 
i IxSvoTibXrjSt ov, 6f a fishmonger 
.§116. 

IxOui, tiot, 6, (ichthyology)^ a 
fish. 

Ixy^fMaPf ovot^ 6t {tx^'osy iKviofiai)^ 
strictly the tracker, the ich- 
neumon, a kind of weasel 
that hunts for and sucks 
crocodiles' eggs. 

KaOSKov, (Kardy S\ov), adv., on 
the whole, in general. 

KaBoxXL^, i<Sf to arm, to equip 
§ 110. 

Koivos, 4 6v, (encenia, pleisto- 
eene), new. 

'Kd<rr(apt opos, 6^ the mortal son 
of Tyndareus (or Zeus) and 
Leda, and brother of the 
immortal Polydeukes. The 
two brothers were worshipped 
as Dioskoxuroi (sons of Zeus) 
§§ 11. 146. 

KarayopeTiwy ^farepw, KartipTjKat 
2 aor. KOTetiroF, to declare, 
reyeal § 122. 

icorcw/coinj, ^, 4, reconnoitring, 
spying § 73 fin. 

Kara^vYJy ^j, ^, a refuge. 

KaTaxi<>f, fut. x«w, aor. xar^ea, 



perl pass. Karojcix^fuu, to 
pour on, sometimes metaph. 
as *pour contempt on all my 
pride.* 

Kara^dta, Att. w, liaut, to stroke 
down, to pat. 

Kara^pii^i'ofMU, tov/uu, to yote 
against ; Bwarov nidy to con- 
demn some one to death. 

KeXawody &p, ol, in early times 
the greatest city of the south- 
em (great) Phrygia, on the 
Maiandros and Marsyas ; its 
inhabitants rem9yed by Se- 
leukos Nikator to the neigh- 
bouring Apameia, which be- 
came next to Ephesos the 
chief trading di^ of Asia 
Minor § 8. 

KiSapll^Vf i<3, to play on the lute 
§111. 

KOi/jdofAtu, Att. wfMij •^aofiaiy 
(m/Atti, koIt% cul>o)y to go to 
bed, to sleep § 156. 

KoXxoy, ow, § ll=KoXx'j, q. v. 

KvOijpioit a. Of, Kytherian, of 
Eythera (Cerigo) an island 
near cape Malea (St Angela) 
the S.E. promontory of La- 
konla. Aphrodite (Eythereia, 
Cytherea) had a famous tem- 
ple here. 

KVKau, Att. &, iiffVf to mix, to 
compound § 160. 

Xo^f, ou, 0, (laity) y the people. 
X^irai, T<J, (X^irw to peel, to lay 

bare), a bare rock, a scaur 

§152. 
\€iSs, (if 6, Att. for \a6s. 

fjudy asseyerative particle, vaX fici 

Ala, yea by Zeus I 
/Mpcdywt 1 aor, (morioTy morhtu, 

ennaranth), to quench, to 

waste, to wither § 93. 
fi^/if IS, 6WS, 7j, (/i^/A^o/ioi), blame* 

reproach. 



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S63 



SUPPLEMENT TO GLOSSARY. 



McMorci^, ffi^, 6, a Theban Be- 
oioB, deyoied his life to save 
his ooiintry from the * Seyen 
against Thebes' § 182. 

furartSiifu, fUTaB^jiintt 2 sing, 
imperat. act. furarlBti § 26 

' n. 8, {metathesii), to arrange 
anew, to change § 134 1. 21. 

/uriffTif § 166 8 sing. 2 aor. ind. 
act. of fA^iffnifu q. y. 

fMficM, ifi^ in, the k is dne to 
the influence of ovcM), no 
longer, no more, snon iam, 

fuap6t, d, 6p, {/uaip(a)f polluted, 
accursed, coarse. 

fibfyor^ ov, t6, (mulberry S 67 n. 
6), a mulberry § 41. 

rava7<$f4 ov, 6, (wCj, &ypvfii)t a 
shipwrecked man = naufra- 

ffU8. 

yixvSi vot, 6, (cf. rcKp^t necro- 
mancy), a corpse. Poetic 
word. 

vSffrifiaf aror, t6, (voffiu), a dis- 
ease. 

riJ<cTwp, ady., (I'tJf), by night, 
noctu. 

pwlj ady., an Att. form of vvv, 
now. So 63f, ToiovToffl etc. [*]. 

j^iTTi^f, ou, 6, (o;uX^o»), an as- 
sociate, a disciple § 40. 

oTdBeVf Skdy. used in indirect 
questions, whence? § 94 n. 
10. 

^ovwp § 60, gen. neut. of 4<rTt<r- 
ow, q.V. 5tow, 6T(f)t inap^ 6rois, 
are used as gen. and dat. sing, 
and pi. of offTis § 79 n. 4. 

odirw, ady., not yet, nondum. 

6^tf, ews, ^, (dM/M* oculus, eye, 

, autopsy), sight, aspect, face, 
yiew, appearance. 

ararorXio, at, ii, (rfif, StKop, 
panoply) t full armour, a suit 



of 

vopToiaTvtt ady., in all nuymer 
of ways. 

TapcMdiiifUf Topadt&att^ to de< 
liyer, to hand down from fa- 
ther to son, to bequeath § 161. 

TopoKaTarieiffu, TrapoKaraBi^Uf 
to giye in charge, to en- 
trust, mostly in midd. wapa- 
KararlOe/iat, 

TttfioXelrv, ij/u, 2 aor. rapiXi- 
WOP, to leaye on one side, to 
pass oy^, omit § 156. 

va/wXi^, ffcjf (paralysis, pma- 
lytu;), to crij^le, to strike 
with palsy. 

wiXo9, only in presi. and imperl, 
to be wont to be, to be. 

UepiKXiis, iovs, et, ^a, yoo. Ilep^- 
kXeiSf (son of Xanthippos w^o 
won the battle of Mykak), 
entered public life at Athens 
oir. B.C. 469, when Kimon 
was the leading statesman. 
After £imon's banishment 
B.C. 461 Ferikles became and 
remained till his death (b.o. 
429, shortly after the outbreak 
of the Feloponnesian war) 
the chief director of affairs at 
home and abroad; it was he 
who consolidated the Athe- 
nian dominion oyer tibe allies, 
enlarged the powers, and pro- 
yided for the entertainment, 
of the c(»nmon citizens, and 
adorned the city with public 
buildings, e.g. the ParUienon 
and Propylaea. 

n^os, 17, OP, (njX^j, pdlUs), of 
clay, earthen. 

irXoioPy ov, rdt (r\4(a), a ship. 

ToKKairXaaidtfat dffu, to multi« 
ply. Late word. 

voXvm^, 4s, [iros), of many 
years, full of years. 

Tpoffdm-a, ^la, to add, to fasten 
on in addition, to attach. 



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SUPPLEMENT TO GLOSSARY, 



3C3 



wpSiTpfiffiSt €m, ^ tax address, 

accosting. 
vpoxi^pwy ady.»(x«fp)» off-hand, 

rashly. comp.--/>6re/>or § 159. 
^FTVXht ^»» ^i (TTtfo-o^w, diptych), 

a fold, a leaf of folding tablets 

§98.^ 
irvpSs, ov, 6f wheat § 41, 

pd^t ^y6t, ^, (raeeams), a grape 
p. 165. 

a'Ko\i6t, (i, 6r, oroc^ed. 
<rra^vXi^, ^f , 4, a bunch of grapes. 
aTpdreufuij arot, t6, {(rrparei^), 

an army. 
arparSs, oG, 6, an army. 
tnpcifia, aros, r6, {erropitin/juu, 

stemo, toruit strew, straw), 

bedding. 
ffvyyivtiat aj, ^, (iwyyei^j), kin- 
dred, relationship. 
ffvfir\4(a, rXewo/jMi^ imp^. aW" 

hrkcovy to sail with, tlvI § 157. 
<rv/ATXe(us, wf, full, rwi>i § 85. 
avpefjMxeffdfirjv, aor. of ovfifM' 

XOfiaiy q. V. 
(rwreivut repw^ to tend together, 

to oontribnte § 160. 
evpTvyxdyuff rev^opuu, to meet, 

c<ap€VQ, fl-w, (0'ar/>6f, ion*t««), to 
heap np. 

rcCxa, adv., quickly; perhaps, ge- 



nerally with Stf. 
Tiijp4<a, Att. (3, i^tf'w, to watch 

over, observe ; midd. to take 

heed. 
TpvfiXiop, ov, r6, a bowl § 77. 

^lo/rw, aw, to be in health 

§41. 
{fweifUf iffofiai, to be under, to 

ding to'i 148. 
^rodidK€9foSi ov, 6j an nnderser- 

vant, a scullion § 186. 
^oXitf'Myw, ^i^w, to slip nna- 

wares, to fall gently § 158. 

#(X(ivf , ov, i, name ol a person 

in comedy § 150. 
^iKoKoyicitf Att. &, i^ca, (p/it2o- 

logy), to study § 149. 

XiyXiJ, 5»i 4f (x^<rKUf), a daw 
§159. 

xOSyioSf a, oi', (also -oj, of, au- 
toc/it/ionoti«), beneath the 
earth, of the nether world; 
Beol x^'=di inferi § 169. 

Xprrrai, § 65, 8 sing. ind. pres. 
of xpdo/uu {xfxapMt) q. y. The 
same contiaotion is found in 

^iyv, |(a, to blame. 

fpSp, ov, r6, (owfih avis, egg), an 
egg. 



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