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Tne First 

One Hunared Years 

The early history of Elmhurst College is an 
interesting story illustrative of the social processes 
at wor\ in the immigrant groups who came to 
America about the middle of the nineteenth century. 
After organizing their small religious associations, 
these newcomers to America found themselves 
faced with the same problem which occupied the 
attention of the early settlers of Massachusetts and 
Connecticut. They needed to provide for the 
training of ministers and teachers if they were not 
only to preserve their heritage of religion and 
culture, but also to secure for themselves and their 
children the privileges offered them by the new 
environment in which they had come to 
live. The process was not dissimilar from that 
which resulted in the founding of Harvard and Tale, 
for these institutions also had for their original 
purpose the training of candidates for the ministry. 

H. Richard l^iehuhr 
— Elmhurst Yearbook 1926 

The new institution flourished at Elmhurst. 
It had a double purpose as a proseminary, to prepare 
young men either to enter the theological seminary 
with a sound \nowledge of languages, history, 
the Bible, and some science, or to become teachers 
in the parochial schools then commonly maintained 
b)! Evangelical churches. It too\ them as they 
came — lads usiudly from a parsonage or the farm, 
fourteen years old or twentyone, and gave them 
what the^ needed, ordinarily in a four^year course 
rather more than the equivalent of an academy. 

Paul N- Crusius 

— Elmhurst College Bulletin 1940 


The celebration of the 100th 
Anniversary of Elmhurst College 
calls for an historical sketch 
surveying the development and 
growth of the school in the course 
of the years. It will be evident 
that this is not a history in depth. 
Limitations of space made it 
necessary to give only a rapid 
review of the highlights of one 
hundred years of history. 
We wish to pay tribute to the 
diligent work and research of the 
late Prof. Paul N. Crusius in the 
area of the early history of the 
College, to the efforts of the late 
Prof. Karl H. Carlson in 
maintaining the archives, and to the 
monumental study by former 
Dean William F. Denman in the 
volume constituting his doctoral 
thesis, entitled "Ehnhurst — 
Developmental Study of a Church' 
Related College." Without their 
labors our task would have been 
much more difficult. Our 
appreciation is extended to Mr. 
Ray Ramseyer and Mr. Russell 
Weigand of the Department of 
Development and PubUc Relations 
of Elmhurst College for their 
encouragement and guidance in 
this pleasant task. I am grateful 
for my lifelong association with 
Elmhurst College, and I dedicate 
this brief history to my 
Alma Mater. 

Robert C. Stanger 

Elmhurst College Magazine, Volume IV, Number 3 

Published quarterly by Elmhurst College, 190 Prospect, Elmhurst, 

class postage paid in Elmhurst, Illinois. 

linois 60126. Second 






The story of Elmhnrst College is a part of the story of pioneer education on 
the American midwestern frontier. Our affluent twentieth century society is built 
upon the accomplishments of the pioneering past. No one can tell that story with' 
our remembering the service of the church in higher education on that early froyitier. 
State - supported higher education in the West was in its infancy, coming into being 
with the passage of the land-grant law, and the Morrill Act of 1862, during the 
administration of President Abraham Lincoln. Until that time practically all acad- 
emies and colleges were established by churches to meet the pressing needs of the 
immigrant population. Among the colleges and universities in existence today, 182 
were founded before the Civil War and 164 came into being under the influence 
of some branch of the Christian church. 

The private liberal arts college in America owes much of its origin to the 
Christian church. The aim of the pioneer founders was to maintain a cidture in 
the wilderness, to provide an educated leadership for the developing communities, 
and to teach the liberal arts within the context of the Christian faith. Some of 
these colleges unfortunately became narrow and sectarian, and in the course of time 
withered and died. Others were able to adapt themselves to the changing needs of 
the successive periods of history and have continued their service to this day. The 
American system of education is quite unique in that education is not a monopoly of 
the State. Within the system, there are schools supported by the state and also 
schools established and supported by private groups, thus contributing variety and 
richness to the fabric of our cidture. 

With this as a bacJ^ground, consider the story of the Elmhurst years. 

Part I. 

Tne Proseminary 

Period 1871-1919 

On December 6, 1871 President Carl F. Kranz 
and fourteen students arrived in Elmhurst to 
begin the program of the "Proseminary" — long 
since known as Elmhurst College. Its primary 
purpose was to prepare young men for entrance to 
the theological seminary and also to train teachers 
for the parochial schools conducted by the 
sponsoring churches. It had been the intention of 
the founding fathers of the denomination to 
develop a college, but the urgent need of the 
pioneer communities for pastors and teachers 
dictated a program such as the Proseminary provided. 
Elementary schools were poor for the most part, 
and high schools were few and far between on 
the midwestern prairie and in the backwoods 
settlements. The Proseminary was essentially an 
academy, receiving students at the age of fourteen 
or fifteen and sending them on to the seminary 
or out into the parochial schools after a course 
of four (and later five) years. 

Melanchton Seminary 

The first building of the Elmhurst Proseminary in 1871 housed 24 students 
plus the president and his family. The building was later divided into 
sections, two of which were moved to Alexander Street, where they 
continue to serve today as residences of professors. 

Carl F. Kranz 

Fiist Ptesidenl ("lnspel(tor"i Ttie 
Ptoseminaiy 1871-1874 
While serving as piesldent, he was also 
the only leachet in the fledgling school. 
Desctibed as highly intellectual, and a 
collector of books, he shared with his 
wife an interest in music. He received 
his formal education at Breslau Univer- 

The first benefactor of Elmhurst College. 
Thomas Bfyan, was one of the pioneer 
residents of Cottage Hrll. Illrnors. later 
to become Elmhurst. 

The photograph of the class of 1874 is interesting for two 
reasons. First of all, it shows the class composed of both 
teen-age boys and older young men - not uncommon in pro- 
seminaries. Secondly, the young man in the second row, and 
second from the right, is Daniel Irion, later to become the 
first alumnus to serve as president. 

The German Evangelical Synod of the West, 
organized in the vicinity of St. Louis in 1840, 
sought to minister to the thousands of German 
immigrants who streamed into the Mississippi Valley 
and into the Midwest as a result of the second 
great wave of immigration in the early 1800's. It 
represented the Evangelical branch of the German 
Reformation, a Union Church, combining the 
Lutheran and the Reformed branches, not rigid, but 
warm and moderate in temper. This church group 
had, with high courage and sacrifice, established a 
theological seminary in Marthasville, Missouri 
(now Eden Seminary, near St. Louis) in 1850. In 
connection with it, a school, chartered as "Missouri 
College," was established to meet the need for 
a general education. The latter could not be 
maintained because of conditions created by the 
Civil War. In 1871 such a school was estaWished 
in Evansville, Indiana, and was enlarged to 
become also a preparatory school for the seminary. 

Meanwhile, the German Evangelical Synod 
of the Northwest, centering about Chicago, had 
established a seminary in Waukegan, and had 
moved it to Lake Zurich. A prominent minister 
in the large German community in Chicago, 
Pastor Joseph Hartmann of St. Paul's Evangelical 
Church, had become acquainted with Mr. Thomas 
B. Bryan, a prominent Chicago businessman 
and real estate developer, who lived in the little 
suburban town of Elmhurst. Mr. Bryan made an 

Kranz Hall 

The fiist new building of the Proseminary was erected in 
1873 to accommodate the growth of the school. It is the old- 
est building on the campus and still in use, housing class- 
rooms, faculty offices and the Speech Clinic. 

attractive offer of a tract of land, ten acres as an 
outright gift, and twenty acres at a cost of $10,000. 

On the highest point of land in this tract 
stood a rather large residence, two stories in height, 
with ample porches, overlooking a broad sweep 
of lawn. This building stood approximately where 
the College Union Building stands today. 
This offer was accepted, and the house on the 
property became the home of Melanchton Seminary 
in 1869. 

In the early fall of 1871, the Evangelical Synod 
of the West, with great good sense, merged with 
the Evangelical Synod of the Northwest. It 
was then decided to transfer the theological students 
of the Melanchton Seminary to the seminary in 
Missouri, and to move the Proseminary so 
recently established in Evansville to the large campus 
available in the lovely town of Elmhurst. 

Mr. Thomas B. Bryan was one of the early 
developers of the village of Elmhurst, a leader in 
planning its major streets and planting the lovely 
elms on the treeless prairie. He maintained a 
stately mansion on a wooded plot of land at the 
southwest corner of what is today St. Charles Road 
and York Street. It was Mr. Bryan who persuaded 
the citizens in 1869 to change the name of the 
village from the original "Cottage Hill" to 
"Elmhurst." Elmhurst then had a population of 
about 300, according to the census of 1870. 

When President Kranz and his fourteen students 
arrived in Elmhurst, they discovered that the 
freight car, into which all of their furniture and 
possessions had been packed in Evansville, had 
not arrived. They found only bare rooms in the 
residence on the new campus. The nearest 
Evangelical Church was in Addison Township, 
now called Churchville, about three miles to the 
north. The hospitable farmers who were members 
of the church received the professor and the 
students into their homes. About Christmas time, 
the freight car arrived, and on January 4, 1872, 
formal class sessions began in the Proseminary at 
Elmhurst. Ten additional students enrolled after 
Christmas, and the first student body numbered 

Enrollment grew rapidly to 35 in 1872, to 66 
in '73, to 70 in '74, and to 97 in 1878. The 
Proseminary met a real need. Among the students 
were usually ten to twenty percent who were 
enrolled simply as "college students," not preparing 
either for the seminary or the teaching profession, 
but simply seeking a classical education. The growth 
in enrollment necessitated a second faculty member, 
Rev. Frederick Weygold. 

Enterprising students built a rough, one 
room addition to the frame building, but the necessity 
for a new and permanent building was apparent. 
In 1873, our oldest college building, now known as 
"Kranz Hall" was erected at a cost of $12,000. 

The first floor contained chapel and classrooms, the 
second floor an apartment and student rooms, 
the huge attic served as dormitory, and the basement 
provided a kitchen and dining room. 

President Kranz (whose title really was 
"Inspektor") found the burden of administration 
and teaching too heavy and resigned in the fall 
of 1874. 

His successor was a quite remarkable young man. 
Rev. Philip F. Meusch. He took hold with a gentle 
but firm hand. Regular faculty meetings were 
initiated; the course of study was fixed at four 
years: commencement exercises were held at the end 
of the school year. Growth in enrollment made a 
second new building imperative. Ambitious and 
careful planning resulted in the construction of 
what we now call "Old Main," dedicated in October 
of 1878. This stately building, with a tower, 
contained classrooms, a laboratory, a reading room, 
washrooms, dormitories, a chapel with nipe organ, 
and an apartment for the president. The buildings 
occupied only a small area of the 30 acre campus. 
The major portion was used as a college farm. 
Corn and oats and hay were cultivated. Cows roamed 
the pasture, and produced milk for the daily 
needs. A large garden produced vegetables. It was 
an idyUic rural setting. 

With the completion of Old Main the facilities 
were ample. Enrollment rose to 101. The school 

Philip F. Meusch 

President 1874-1880 

This remarkable man came to America with his 
immigrant parents and helped his father clear the 
land of his farm in Missouri. With only a common 
school education he entered the seminary at 
Marthasville, and by intense application compieted 
both his college and seminary education at tlie 
same time in four years. 

was on an even keel and operating smoothly. The 
pioneer days now were over. 

The first catalog was offered in 1878. Into the 
course of four years was crammed everything that 
seemed to be essential. As far as possible, it followed 
the model of a German "Gymnasium" (Academy) 
with its classical emphasis. Latin and Greek, 
plus proficiency in the German and the English 
language, plus religion, history, geography, 
mathematics, science and music constituted the 
curriculum. The schedule included an average of 36 
forty-five minute class periods a week, faculty 
members carrying a load of 26 to 3 1 periods per week. 

"Old Main" 

Dedicated in 1878 and erected at a cost of $25,000, the construc- 
tion was aided by the school's first large gift by an individual of 
$5,000. No further changes were made to the campus until 1896. 

The life of the school is characterized by a 
quaint paragraph in the annual catalog: 

"Life in this institution is regulated entirely by 
the stroke of the bell. The day is filled mainly 
with instruction periods, but the students are 
given time for exercise out of doors and for 
the preparation of lessons. The day is begun and 
closed, as it could not be otherwise in a 
Christian institution, by common devotions. 
The Sunday services are conducted by clergymen 
on the faculty in the College Chapel." (After 
the establishment of St. Peter's Evangelical 
Church in Elmhurst in 1876, the students 
attended Sunday Service there, proceeding in a 

The total fee for tuition, board, room and 
laundry was $150 per year (a rate which was 
maintained without change, surprisingly, until 
1913). The major portion of the cost of operation 
was provided by an annual subsidy by the German 
Evangelical Synod. 

Discipline was strict, and enforced by a system 
of demerits. An interesting sidelight was a rule 
that "association with persons of feminine gender 
is strictly forbidden." 

Growth of the student body necessitated an 
increase in the faculty, with some laymen on a 
faculty in which clergymen predominated, most of 
them educated in Europe. Among those recorded 
as teachers in the early years are such names as 
Henninger, Zimmermann, Sauerbier, Lueder, von 
Luternau and Kaufmann. 

President Philip F. Meusch died suddenly and 
unexpectedly on July 25, 1880 at the age of 44 
years. His grave is in the little cemetery adjacent to 
the campus. 

In September 1880, the Reverend Peter Goebel, 
a man of deep piety and of unselfish devotion 
to duty, assumed the presidency, coming from a 
family of distinguished preachers. 

A number of significant developments marked 
his administration. While enrollment remained 
stable, the overcrowded schedule of courses was 
relieved by the addition of a fifth year to the 
curriculum in 1885. Faculty members destined for 
long tenure now came to the school, men like John 
Lueder (1881-1910) in history, Herman Brodt 
(1882' 191 8) in pedagogy and German, and C. J. 
Albert (1884-1892) in English. A proposal to 
add more "college" students (i.e. students seeking 
not a pre-theological but a general education) 
was unfortunately not accepted. 


Peter Goebel 

President - 1880-1887 

Students at work - late ISOO's 

The Faculty - 1885-86 

Standing left to right: C. J. Albert, A.M., English and Bookkeeping 
H. Brodt, German, Pedogogy, Violin; G. Ebmeyer, Mathematics, 
History, Geography; George Rosche, Music; E. Kuntze, Natural 
Science, Gymnastics. 

Seated: J. Lueder, Ancient Languages; Peter Goebel, Inspektor 
(President), Religion; Daniel Irion, German and History. 

The farm on the west part of the campus piovided the 1o(3d 
supply for the small college community. 

This interesting view of the Northwestern Railroad shows the 
undeveloped land to the north of the campus. 

The Goebel administration also witnessed the 
beginnings of a hbrary at Elmhurst when a 
Literary Society, established earlier, took charge 
of books available for student reading. Named after 
the beloved former president, the Meusch Society 
carried on its program in a special club and reading 
room provided in the recently erected "Old 
Main." Following the example of other American 
schools, a number of literary and debating societies 
developed, giving the rigidly controlled students 
opportunity for much desired self 'expression. These 
groups presented programs on Saturday nights, 
offering activity and entertainment and hfe on dull 
weekends before the era of "movies." The names of 
these groups are interesting — Concordia, the 
Demosthenes Club, the Owl, and one of the most 
enduring, the Schiller Society which remained in 
existence until 1925. 

A glee club was organi2;ed as the Orpheus Men's 
Chorus in 1884, beginning an unbroken tradition 
at Elmhurst. 

Another interesting development was an annual 
festival, the "Seminapfest," usually held in early 
June, which brought thousands of people by train 

The Meusch Society, one of the several literaiy societies, 
had this reading room in the basement of Old Main. This was 
the only library until 1912 when a college facility was 
available in Irion Hall. 


^^^* '''"^ 



The Orpheus Singing Society was the forerunner of the modern Glee 

from the churches of Chicago and by wagon from 
the country towns. An outdoor worship service, plus 
meals and refreshments and fellowship, made this 
a memorable day and a tradition that continued 
until the end of the Proseminary era in 1919. 

President Goebel resigned in 1887, and was 
succeeded by Daniel Irion, the young pastor of St. 
Peter's Church in Elmhurst, and the son of an 
eminent pioneer educator and theologian of the 
Evangelical Synod. He was the first alumnus of 
Elmhurst to be called to leadership by his Alma 
Mater. His administration was destined to be the 
longest in the history of the College — 32 years 

— from 1887 to 1919. In retrospect, we may call 
these years "The Irion Era," the great middle 
period of the history of Elmhurst College. They 
were years of stability and of steady growth and 

Dr. Irion was successful in gathering a faculty 
which remained virtually intact during this whole 
era. It included the profound scholar, Emil Otto 
(18904904), as well as Carl Bauer, also a graduate 
of Elmhurst, a man of dynamic intellect and 
encyclopedic knowledge, who has become somewhat 
of a legend at Elmhurst. Also there was George 
A. Sorrick, first faculty member with an American 
M.A. degree, teaching in the English language, and 
C. G. Stanger, another alumnus, who came in 1896 
as professor of music, turning later to the department 
of romance languages, and remaining for 50 years. 
Other well'remembered names of the Irion era are 
H. Ark, H. L. Breitenbach and Emil Hansen. In 
the later years came Paul N. Crusius, American'born 
and Harvard'educated, an outstanding teacher and 
scholar, and one of the earliest influences for 
a new Elmhurst and a shaper of its destiny. 

The course of study remained practically the 
same throughout this period, except for the gradual 
increase of the use of the English language. The 
enrollment increased from 103 in 1887 to 133 in 
1892 and remained fairly steady at about this 
level until the last decade of the Irion regime when 
it climbed to 160 and 170 and then dechned again. 
Pre'theological students were in the majority, with 
parochial school teachertrainees a sizeable minority 
until the end of the century. There were always 
a handful of "college students" and day students, 
interested in securing a general education. 

Dr. Irion, through all his years, continued the 
traditional role of the "Inspector," or "Director" 

— the titles by which the president was known. 

He was administrator, teacher, supervisor, keeper of 
records, dean of instruction, disciplinarian and 
father'confessor — a formidable role. 

A high point of his second decade was 
the celebration of the 25th anniversary of the 
Proseminary in 1896. In recognition of this event, 
the denomination raised funds for the third 
building on the campus, the Dining Hall, later known 

as "The Commons." This red brick building on 
the site of the original seminary building provided 
kitchen and dining room, laundry, guest rooms, 
sick rooms and an apartment for the superintendent. 
It was razed in 1964 to make way for the present 
College Union building. 

Two significant events are recorded in connection 
with the Silver Jubilee, the first a great assembly 
of people from Chicago and environs on June 21, 
1896 to celebrate the occasion. The second was the 
first alumni meeting on record, led by Rev. Carl 
Mueller '74, and for which Rev. Rudolph A. John 
'75 of St. Paul's in Chicago wrote some memorable 
songs such as the song about syrup — which 
sustained many a student. 


(Sung to tune of "Old Oaken Bucket") 

"From dear distant days, I think of the syrup, 
Which once as a youth I so richly received. 
Which there on the table in a neat little jug 
Gave out sticky sweetness, until it o'erflowed. 
Mornings and evenings, and sometimes at lunchtime, 
There was on the table, prepared for our use, 
The syrup, the syrup, the rich golden syrup, 
Which stuck to our fingers when mealtime was done. 

The winds of change were blowing, however, 
and the third decade of the Irion era saw many 
new developments. The church was slow to respond 
to change and resisted far too long the upgrading 
of academic standards. An increasing number of 

The "Seminar Fest" 

An annual all-day assembly on the Elmhutst campus 
attracting a thousand or more people from the churches of 
Chicagoland for a Sunday outing. Greeted by the marching 
band, the guests participated in an outdoor service, dinner 
and general fellowship. 

Dr. Daniel Irion 

President of the Proseminary 1887-1919. Born in Missouri, 
the son of an outstanding pioneer theologian at the semin- 
ary of the Evangelical Synod, a graduate of the Elmhurst 
Proseminary and of the Marthasville, Missouri Seminary, 
he became pastor of St. Peter's Church in Elmhurst, then 
a teacher and eventually President of the Elmhurst Pro- 
seminary. An able administrator, a great teacher, a father 
figure to students, he led the Proseminary through its long 
middle period and the establishment of the College. 

Elmhurst College Faculty about 1900 

Standing - left to right: C. Weisse, George Sorrick, C. G. 

Stanger, H. Brodt, Carl Bauer. 

Seated - Emil Otto, Daniel Irion, president; John Lueder. 

younger alumni began to raise their voices in 
meetings and in church publications demanding 
modernijjation and extension of the program of the 
school. Those going on to other American colleges 
found it difficult to have their work at Elmhurst 
accepted for credit at other institutions. In 1901, 
the University of Illinois, after a careful evaluation, 
placed the Proseminary on its list of accredited 
secondary schools. Elmhurst graduates were allowed 
one year's advanced standing in languages, but 
were required to make up a deficiency in laboratory 
science, forcing the installation of laboratory facilities 
in 1902. What this meant was that the program 
of the Proseminary was the equivalent of four 
years of high school and approximately one year 
of college. In 1909, the Proseminary was placed 
on the list of accredited secondary schools by the 
North Central Association, and in 1913 it was 
officially recognized by the University of Chicago. 

The name, "Elmhurst College," was in popular 
use for some time before the turn of the century, 
but it was first used on the cover of the catalog in 
1901, a bit prematurely, to be sure, but a challenge 
nevertheless. How slow the process of change was 
is attested by the fact that it was not until 
1917 that the catalog was issued in the English 

The growth of the school necessitated a new 
dormitory in 1912 which was named "Irion Hall." 
It included, beside student rooms and dormitories, 

a large chapel with beautiful stained glass windows, 
an adequate gymnasium in the basement which 
doubled as assembly hall with stage, a large library 
room, and an apartment for the president. The library 
now became an official part of the College, 
supplanting the student literary society reading 
room, and was organized on modern library 
principles. The gymnasium permitted the formation 
of a basketball team. 

The athletic program was a part of student life 
from very early days, but was a purely voluntary 
activity of students and in no way supported by the 
school. In 1902 the Student Athletic Association 
was formed, and was supported by student'paid dues. 
Soccer, baseball and track activities became a 
semi-official, but completely student supported, part 
of the school program. The teams entered successfully 
into intercollegiate competition. Not until the 
Junior College was established did the school 
officially support an athletic program. 

The demand for change and for the establishment 
of a fuU'Scale college came from many quarters, 
and was voiced in the denominational journal, 
"Messenger of Peace," and especially in the student 
magazine, published jointly by students at Eden 
Seminary and Elmhurst College, which was called 
"The Keryx." Younger faculty members, particularly 
Paul Crusius, and students such as Reinhold 
Niebuhr and his brother Helmut R. Niebuhr, 
wrote vigorously and insistently for the transforma' 

The first Science laboratory. The 
venerable Dr. Irion and Professor 
George A. Sorrick are pictured 

The first official library of the 
College was established in 1912 
in space provided in the new Irion 
Hall dormitory. 

Student hi-jinx around 1910 - 
particularly interesting because 
it pictures Henry Dinkmeyer 
(controlling the halter around his 
fellow student's neck) and H. 
Richard Niebuhr (behind Dink- 
meyer) both destined to become 
Elmhurst College presidents. 



' ^^pS^^H 




A student room in Old Main about 

tion of the Proseminary into a real college. 

The First World War (1914-1918) shook the 
old foundations and hastened the day of change. 
The end of World War I brought with it the end 
of the German language culture as well as the 
end of old ways of life and action. By 1919 a new 
era had dawned for the world and also for Elmhurst. 

Dr. Daniel Irion, now old in years but alert to 
the current situation, retired from the presidency 
in the summer of 1919, bringing to a close not only 
the longest tenure of any president (32 years) 
but also marking the end of the history of the 
Proseminary. Dr. Irion, an exceedingly able teacher 
as well as administrator, remained as a member 
of the faculty until 1928, honored and revered 
until his passing on October 25, 1935. 

The Proseminary had been handicapped by 
slowness of vision on the part of the constituency 
and also by poor financial support. The agitation 
by a new and younger leadership in the sponsoring 
denomination for more adequate educational 
provision for the youth of the church and for a 
program of quality education resulted in the decision 
to organize a junior college. This was planned to 
develop to senior college status quickly, while 
retaining the remainder of the proseminary as an 
academy. While the major purpose of the junior 
college was still pre-theological training, its program 
was now expanded to include a course of general 
education for all young men who applied. 

Dr. Daniel Irion and his succes- 
sor, Dr. H. J. Schick (1919-1924) 
marking the transition from the old 
Proseminary to the modern 
Academy and Junior College In 

Part 11. 

Tne Transition Period 


The Academy and Junior College 

Leadership for this period of transition in the 
life of the school was vested in the new president, 
the Reverend Herman J. Schick of Evansville, 
Indiana, an alumnus of the Proseminary, an able 
pastor who was also known for his interest in 
programs for young people. He was to be the 
administrator of the school, as well as the teacher 
of the courses in religion, and was also to serve as 
dean of the Junior College. He also pursued 
graduate studies at the University of Chicago during 
the summer season, achieving the Master of Arts 
degree during his term as president. 

Herman J. Schick 

President 1919-1924 
The first leader of the reorganized 
school, the Elmhurst Academy and 
Junior College. 

Paul N. Cruslus 

Coming to Elmhurst in the last 
decade of the Proseminary, Ameri- 
can-born and Harvard-educated, he 
promoted the idea of the change to 
college status and became one of 
the leading shapers of the new 

The process of reorganization of the school 
proceeded gradually. There were two divisions. The 
Academy had as its head a principal in the person 
of Prof. Paul Crusius, the youthful faculty member. 
Harvard-trained, who had been so influential 
in advocating and guiding the changes in the last 
years of the Proseminary. The Junior College 
had the new president as its dean. There were two 
programs of education, the one pre-theological 
in purpose, and the second offering a general and 
classical education. There was also the beginning 
of a modest elective curriculum, and the introduction 
of new social science courses, followed by a 
strong development of the science departments. 
Laboratory facihties were provided and the 
departments of chemistry and biology were visibly 
strengthened. Also added were courses in public 
speaking, economics, psychology, history of 
education, and physical education. 

The faculty was strengthened in line with this 
development. Teachers with degrees achieved in 
American universities, some with doctor's degrees, 
came to take their place on the faculty. Three names 
especially stand out in this period, Karl Carlson 
in the department of English. Homer Helmick in 
Chemistry, and Th. W. Mueller in Sociology. They 
devoted their entire careers to the life and 
development of the newly created college and 
are remembered gratefully for the shaping influence 
of their life and work. Other members of the 

Karl H. Carlson 


Professor of English from the 
earliest days of the modern 
college and one of the most 
beloved personalities in our 
history. A great teacher and 
friend of students. 

faculty engaged in summer graduate studies to 
enhance their efficiency and to raise the standards 
of the college. 

The success of the reorganization was reflected 
in the increasing enrollment of students, from a 
total of 120 in 1919-20 to 162 in 1921-22 and 173 
in 1922-23. Soon commuting day students began 
to appear, and also the first tuition fee, $100 per 
year. There followed a reorganization of the 
administration. The business responsibilities were 
assumed by a steward or business manager. For the 
first time there was an office secretary in the person 
of Miss Elfrieda Lang. A registrar was appointed, 
who also doubled as physical education director 
and football coach. The Reverend Robert Leonhardt 
filled this post. The president was interested in 
promotion and public relations and news items were 
released to the papers. The president began to 
participate in activities in the community, breaking 
out of the relative insularity and isolation of the 
earlier years. Mrs. Schick, wife of the president, 
organized a Women's Auxihary, soliciting help 
from the women's organizations throughout the 
denomination, and also enrolling willing workers 
from groups in Elmhurst and Chicago. They 
engaged in tasks from mending of clothes to interior 
decorating in the dormitories and also fund-raising. 

The Elmhurst Proseminary and Eden Seminary 
in St. Louis were sister institutions. Elmhurst 
was the "feeder" for Eden. The new leadership at 

Commons Dining Hall 

The Menioiial Library erected m 1921 by the young people of 
the denomination in tribute to the men who gave their lives 
in World War I. 

The faculty of the Proseminary in its last year - 1918-19. 
Left to tight: George Sorrick, Carl Bauer, C. G. Stanger, 
John Schmale, President Irion, H. L. Breitenbach, Emil 
Hansen, Paul Crusius. 

Elmhurst believed that its first responsibility was 
to maintain this relationship, and so also did the 
church at larg;e. A certain amount of confusion 
was inevitable as the new arrangements were worked 
out. For instance, at the end of the 191849 
schoolyear. the last year of the Proseminary, the 
majority of the graduates went on to Eden Seminary 
as usual. Six of them, however, accepted the 
challenge to stay and form the second year class 
of the Junior College. In the next few years, students 
had the option of going on to seminary training, 
or of completing their work in the Junior College 
or to continue as Senior College students. A 
cooperative arrangement was also entered into with 
Washington University in St. Louis, whereby 
students might achieve their college degree while 
studying at Eden Seminary. 

It is interesting to note that when the senior 
college program began in 1923, the official name 
of the school became "Elmhurst College,"" a 
designation which it had carried unofficially and 
which was in popular usage ever since the first 
decade of the century. 

The winds of change also affected student life 
at Elmhurst. The style of Hfe of other American 
college campuses quickly began to assert itself at 
Elmhurst. The old, rigidly scheduled program of the 
Proseminary yielded to the larger freedom of the 
American schools. But not without problems, as 
one might expect, and the early years of the new 
college were sparked by student protest as the new 
confronted the old. The right of students to a 
voice in their governance was recognised by the 
formation of a student council and a representative 
form of self'government to safeguard student 
interests. There was great emphasis on "school 
spirit." An "Alma Mater" song was developed. 
Freshman initiation was a controversial issue, as was 
the matter of social dancing. There were social 
clubs, approximating fraternities, which soon ran 
into difficulty. A debating team made its appearance. 

The most influential student organi2;ation was 
the Y.M.C.A. and so brought valuable outside 
contacts. Moreover, it provided a modern outlet 
for the essentially Christian purpose of the 
school. In time, the freshman orientation program 
counterbalanced the unofficial initiations. Special 
groups formed teams representing the College in 
churches and community groups. Contact was 
established with world-wide student groups, such as 
the Student Volunteer Movement, and numbers 
of students were recruited for missionary service, 
just as today's students enroll in the Peace Corps 
and Vista. One of the permanent benefits of the 
Y.M.C.A. was the founding of the student 
newspaper, "The Elm Bark," in 1920. Appearing first 
sporadically and then regularly, it has continued 
to be the voice of student opinion and the reporter 
of student activity to this day. 

The athletic program now came into its own. 

There had been a keen interest in athletics 
throughout the Proseminary period, but it was a 
completely voluntary activity, sponsored by the 
students alone. Athletics now became the responsi' 
bility of the college. Soccer football had been 
the recogni2;ed fall sport. Now rugby football 
supplanted it in 1920, and regular football in 1921. 
The athletic program was directed by a student- 
faculty Athletic Board. In 1922, the first full-time 
coach was appointed in the person of Robert Hale 
from Miami University. In the following year, 
Elmhurst joined the North Illinois Junior College 
Athletic Conference along with Crane, Elgin, 
St. Procopius, North Park, and Chicago Normal. 
As in most other American colleges, athletics 
was now an official part of the Elmhurst program. 

All of these developments necessitated changes 
in the physical structure of the campus. New 
buildings became necessary. The library had grown 
from three thousand to eight thousand volumes 
by 1921, although there was not yet a full-time 
librarian. In 1921 came the new Memorial Library, 
built by the young people of the denomination 
in memory of the men who had given their 
lives in the service of their country in World War I. 
A challenge gift of $10,000 by Mr. William 
Volker of Kansas City sparked the campaign for 
$40,000, led by the young alumnus, Reinhold 
Niebuhr, who in his student days had agitated so 
strongly for the transformation of the Proseminary 
into a college. With the new library came the 
first full-time librarian in the person of Miss 
Grace Barbee. 

The new library was in part a gift to the college 
in honor of the 50th anniversary, the Golden 
Jubilee. This event was appropriately celebrated 
in June of 1921 with a large public gathering on the 
campus and with the publication of a special 
historical booklet. 

In 1923 a new men's dormitory was completed, 
known as South Hall (now Schick Hall), in the 
place where once the barn and the gardens were 
located. The campus lost its rural character and 
became a part of the urban setting. In 1923 Old 
Main was completely renovated, and modern 
laboratories for the science courses were created 
along with up-to-date classrooms. 

The enrollment continued to grow and exceeded 
the 200 mark in 1923. The curriculum was 
enlarged by the addition of courses in philosophy, 
psychology, education and the social sciences. 
The first homecoming program for alumni was held 
in 1923. The Junior College gained accreditation 
by the North Central Association in March of 1924. 
It seemed as though the newly developing college 
had come through its period of infancy rather well. 
Then, in 1924, Dr. Herman J. Schick resigned 
his post of president and returned to the parish 
ministry in Chicago. 

H. Richard Niebuhr 

Piesident 1924-1927 
In three brief years lie guided the Col- 
lege into the modern era of liberal arts 
education and also projected the plan of 
the campus which has been followed to 
this day. 

Part III. 

Tne Estatlisnnient 

or tne College 

(Tke College Era) 

The Board of the College again turned to one 
of its own alumni in the person of H. Richard 
Niebuhr. In the fall of 1924 he accepted the challenge 
and began his work as president. H. Richard 
Niebuhr was a graduate of the Proseminary in 
the class of 1914. After completing his work 
at Eden Seminary in 1917, he went on to graduate 
studies at Washington University and later at 
Yale University, and in due time achieved the 
Ph.D. degree. He was, therefore, the first president 
of Elmhurst College to be trained in the American 
university system, and was very familiar with 
the program of higher education in America. 
One of the most brilliant among Elmhurst graduates, 
he and his brother, Reinhold Niebuhr, were 
destined to play an outstanding part in the American 
cultural scene. It is not surprising that Dr. Niebuhr 
quickly won the confidence of both the faculty 
and the students. A man of vision and purpose, 
he was at the same time modest and humble; 
and he was able to enlist the cooperation of his 
colleagues. He placed emphasis upon academic 
freedom, encouraged research and broad reading, and 
in general developed modern educational aims 
and creative scholarship. The emphasis shifted to 
cultural rather than vocational training. Elmhurst 
College was to be not primarily a pre'theological 
school, although Dr. Niebuhr had a strong interest 
in the Christian ministry, but a school which 

With the Junior College now firmly established, 
the Academy gradually declined. High schools 
were now developed and growing, even in the 
rural areas, and the need for an academy became 
less urgent. The major effort was now directed 
towards the development of the junior and senior 
years of the College and the fulfillment of the 
dream of Elmhurst as a full four year hberal arts 
college. The selection of a new president to direct 
this effort was a matter of crucial importance. 

The Elmhurst College Seal was designed by 
Robert Leonhardt, the first registrar and also foot- 
ball coach about 1925. at the request of President 
H. R. Niebuhr. Since Dr. Niebuhr was a graduate 
of Yale the similarity of the Elmhurst seal to that 
of Yale University is understandable. 

emphasized the liberal arts as the best preparation 
for whatever one did as a career. 

There were also new approaches to the 
community. Scholarships were established for 
graduates of the Elmhurst high school. A School of 
Music was estabhshed, serving local young people. 
The college library was opened to the public. The 
college theater enlisted the interest of many. 

Ever since its beginning, the school at Elmhurst 
had been governed by a board of education 
which also supervised Eden Seminary. In 1925 
Elmhurst College was granted its own Board of 
Trustees to direct its own new and unique course. 
Student life received attention, with the organization 
of a Student Union as a form of self 'government. 
Dormitories had their own "house committees." 
Chapel services, instead of being held each morning 
and evening, now were held four times a week. 
Uniform tuition fees were established, and there was 
an end to "free education" at Elmhurst. 

Fresh attention was given to the status of the 
faculty. For the first time academic ranks were 
instituted, and faculty members became speciahsts 
in one area rather than generalists as in the entire 
Proseminary era. A salary schedule was adopted 
for the first time, and modest efforts were made 
towards a pension plan. A program of sabbatical 
leaves was projected, but because of circumstances 
of the times, was not generally implemented. 

The wise leadership of President Niebuhr 
encouraged the Board to engage in long'range 
planning, a radically new idea. A Four Year Plan 
was projected to meet the bare minimum needs 
of an emerging college: an endowment fund of 
$400,000; accreditation of the College by 1929; a 
new gymnasium; the enlargement of the laboratories 
and of the library. This was followed by an 
elaboration into a Ten Year Plan, envisaging an 
endowment of one million dollars, a new chapel or 
auditorium, a goal of an enrollment of 400 students, 
and, most visionary of all, a long'range campus 
plan. For the latter purpose the board engaged the 
services of Benjamin Franklin Olson of Chicago 
as the college architect. Every new building for 
the next forty years was designed by him. He outlined 
the first general campus plan, envisioning buildings 
on both sides of an open mall, with a chapel 
or assembly hall crowning the far end of the mall, 
and, interestingly enough, providing for a group of 
women's dormitories, although co'education had 
not yet been planned. (It should be said that 
the residences for women were safely isolated in 
a far section of the campus!) The style of 
architecture recommended was English Colonial, a 
style lending itself to ease of construction and 
maintenance. This whole plan, at the time of its 
conception, was completely visionary. Yet it is 
a surprising fact that this is the plan which the 

Niebuhr's long range campus plan. 

college has followed in its main outline to the 
present day. Only with the construction of the 
Science Center in 1965-66 was a modern and 
functional type of architecture employed, as well 
as a new architect. 

Unfortunately the denomination and the 
constituency of the College did not rise to the 
challenge and vision of its brilliant president. The 
General Conference of the Church failed to 
authorize the necessary financial undergirding. 
There seemed to be no adequate appreciation by the 
people of the demands of a college of stature 
and quality. The budget struggled in the face of 
deficits. Since the denomination had always 
underwritten the meager budget of the Proseminary, 
no endowment fund had been established. In the 
face of apathy the progress was difficult. Dr. 
Niebuhr's health broke under the strain and he 
resigned his presidency in the spring of 1927. 
He was by nature a scholar and teacher, and 
administration and promotion were not his style. He 
had accepted the challenge out of pure loyalty 
and dedication. Let it be said that in spite of all 
obstacles he laid a foundation and "dreamed a 
dream" without which Elmhurst would never have 
become what it is today. 

It should be said that Dr. Niebuhr was ably 
assisted by Prof. Th. W. Mueller, the young teacher 
of sociology, who in 1925 became academic dean 

of the college, also serving as dean of men. An 
Elmhurst alumnus and schoolmate of Dr. Niebuhr 
at Elmhurst and Eden, he too was trained in the 
graduate school of an American university and 
was well qualified to direct a modern program of 
higher education. Serving as teacher as well 
as administrator, he carried an unbelievably heavy 
load. He guided and worked with the faculty 
in hammering and shaping a modem curriculum. 
He served as dean from 1925 until 1948, through 
all the difficult years of the depression, of the 
struggle for accreditation, of the coming of 
co-education , of the emerging problems of World 
War II. After relinquishing the deanship, he 
continued as a valued faculty member until 1962, 
for a total period of 41 years. He is undoubtedly 
one of the leaders in the shaping of the Elmhurst 
College which we know today. 

Prohlems of the Growing College 

It was not easy to find a new president following 
the Niebuhr administration. Tradition demanded 
that the president be an ordained minister, and 
candidates with the qualifications which would 
enable them to guide a modern college were hard 
to find. So for almost the entire academic year of 
1927-28 Elmhurst operated without a president. 
During this period of "interregnum" the College 
was directed by a committee of three members of 

Th. W. Mueller 


The fitst dean of Elmhurst 
College and one of the 
shapers of the new Elmhurst 

The leading personalities in the early history of the "New Elmhurst," 
The Twenty-five Club: Karl Henning Carlson, Paul N. Crusius, Christian 
G. Stanger, Theophll W. Mueller, and Homer Helmick - on the faculty for 
at least twenty-five years. 

Dr. Homer H. Helmick (R), first Chairman of the Department 
of Chemistry and President Lehmann. 

At the dedication of the Gymnasium, Dr. Lehmann accepts 
the keys to the building from the board chairman, the 
Reverend Herbert B. Brodt. 

the faculty and administration. Dean Th. W. 
Mueller served as chairman, together with Prof. 
Paul Crusius, the principal of the Academy, and 
Dr. Homer Helmick, the head of the Chemistry 
Department. They kept the ship on a steady keel 
and struggled valiantly with the problems. There 
was a financial crisis to be faced due to the effort 
to create a modern college without adequate 
support. There was no endowment and the school 
lacked accreditation, and caught in that vicious 
circle it was difficult to maintain the enrollment. It 
was during this period that the decision was made 
to close the Academy. 

During the last year of the Niebuhr 
administration, plans were drawn for the much 
needed new gymnasium. Sparked by a contribution 
of $25,000 by Mr. WiUiam A. Wieboldt, a 
Chicago department store head, the fund'raising 
effort was initiated. The major appeal was to the 
alumni of Elmhurst, and Rev. Theodore Mayer 
came in 1926 as assistant to the president and fund 
raiser. This effort stimulated the organi2;ation of 
the alumni and a sum of $125,000 in cash and 
pledges was secured with much effort. Construction 
began during the interregnum period and was 
completed in the early months of the new 
administration. A second building project was 
undertaken with much difficulty, namely the 
construction of the President's House in 1928. This 
house was razed only recently to make room 
for the new Buehler Library. After this spurt of 
building, no major construction project was 
undertaken for over twenty years. There were other 
problems to be faced. 

The Gymnasium built by the Alumni in 1928 to meet a great 
need of the "New Elmhurst." 

The President's House, built in 1928, was the gracious home 
of the presidents beginning with Dr. Lehmann. 

ii*" 4f 

■I, .) 

The Elmhurst Campus in the 1930's - unchanged for twenty years. 

Timothy Lehmann 

Piesident - 1928-1948 

Courageous leader of Elmhutst College through 
days of the depression, World War II and its 
aftermath, he built the endowment fund, led the 
effort towards accreditation, brought in coeduca- 
tion, and guided the College through its most 
crucial years. 

Timothy Lehmann Appointed President 

After a careful search, the Board of Directors 
called the Reverend Timothy Lehmann of Columbus, 
Ohio to the presidency. Although elected in 
September 1927 he could not reHnquish his duties 
in Ohio until the spring of 1928. In May of that year 
he came to Elmhurst. The Reverend Mr. Lehmann 
had been a successful pastor of a large city church 
and was known as a denominational leader, a man 
of deep commitment, and a person with an ability 
to secure funds for charitable causes. He was, 
again, an alumnus of the Elmhurst Proseminary, 
but with no experience of any kind in a modem 
college or university. He was installed in September 
1928. The situation which he faced was a difficult 
one indeed. In spite of this, his administration 
came to be the longest in the history of the College 
to date, namely twenty years, and second only to 
that of Dr. Irion in the old Proseminary. 

There were two urgent challenges to be faced 
immediately, namely to achieve a measure of financial 
stability for the school, and also to press towards a 
position of accreditation by the North Central 
Association. It was a formidable task and he 
addressed himself to it with strong effort and great 
courage. He was fortunate, in having as his 
associates the men who had been the executive 
group during the interim period. Dean Mueller, 
Prof. Crusius, and Dr. Helmick were experienced 
leaders in higher education. The President was 
free to serve as promoter, fund raiser, puUic relations 
man, and guardian of the tradition. 

President Lehmann could see the need for a 
broadening of the educational program and a 
raising of academic standards, but he also felt the 
demand of his Board and of his constituency to 
maintain the Christian character of the school and 
its pre-theological emphasis. He involved himself 
in the life of the Elmhurst community, serving 
on the welfare board of the city, on the Selective 
Service Board of the County, and in the Kiwanis 
Club, as well as other civic enterprises. He won 
many friends in the community. 

President Lehmann also was active in the 
wider educational groups, such as the Council on 
Higher Education. He stimulated a program of 
recruitment of students, not only from the 
denomination but from other backgrounds. Scholar' 
ships were provided for graduates of area high 
schools. He continued the process already begun of 
breaking out of the traditional shell and entering 
the mainstream of American higher education. 
The athletic program received his attention in an 
attempt to "put Elmhurst on the map." The 
College joined the Intercollegiate Athletic 
Conference. Well remembered in this connection is 
the career of Elmhurst's athletic coach and leader, 
Oliver ("Pete") Langhorst who served for a 

period of 36 years, and has become a living legend 
in his own time. 

A Public Relations office was established, manned 
at first by students. Area newspapers took note 
of Elmhurst, and the ambitious slogan of "Chicago's 
West Side College" was promoted. 

Effort was made to improve the status of the 
faculty and to raise the salary structure, a constantly 
recurring problem throughout his administration. 

Public relations efforts spurred an increase in 
enrollment of local young people. The gymnasium 
effort gave new impetus to the Alumni Association. 
A College Bulletin was issued quarterly to 
maintain communication with alumni and the public. 

In spite of all of this earnest effort there were 
frustrations galore. The financial problems were 
tremendous. Elmhurst College was caught in a vicious 
circle. In order to operate efficiently it needed 
increased enrollment, but enrollment was hampered 
by lack of academic accreditation. One can have 
only admiration for the courage and determination 
of Dr. Lehmann in batthng this situation. Moreover, 
the sponsoring denomination, the Evangelical 
Synod, had problems of its own. Neither the 
denominational officials, nor the members of the 
College Board were fully aware of the needs of a 
modern college. Financial requests did not find 
a full understanding. The constituency of the 
denomination was often critical of the changes 
which were taking place at Elmhurst. The need for 
a college or a college education was not understood 

Marching band - 1934- 

by the public in the IPlO's as in our modern day 
where higher education is the vogue. Charges 
of religious liberalism, unseemly student behavior, 
new kinds of social activity were whispered and 
sometimes openly expressed. With the shift from 
Proseminary status to college standing, a decline 
in prc'theological students in the ratio of the 
student body was to be expected, but was often not 
understood. Annual deficits in the budget, which 
were quite natural, brought forth strong criticism. 

All of these problems were heightened by the 
onset of the economic Depression of the early SO's. 
One could hardly imagine a more unfavorable 
situation. Shortly before the Depression, the General 
Conference of the Evangelical Synod had authorized 
an endowment fund drive, an absolute necessity 
if North Central accreditation was to be achieved. 
The matter was further complicated by the 
insistence that this campaign should benefit both the 
college and Eden Seminary. It should be added that 
throughout the Proseminary period, the budget 
of the school had been subsidized in major 
proportions by the denomination, and no endowment 
was needed and so none had been established. 

Undaunted by the economic circumstances. 
Dr. Lehmann and the Board initiated the major effort 
known as the "Elmhurst'Eden Advance" in 1930. 
The goal was $1,250,000. Three-fourths of the 
income was to go to meet the needs of Elmhurst 
College. It was further stipulated that a portion 
was to be used for repayment of bonded indebtedness, 
another portion for endowment, and a small 
portion for capital improvements. A professional 
fund'raiser was engaged to conduct the campaign, 
a very new idea in institutional financing, not 
conducive to wide public acceptance. With incredible 
energy. Dr. Lehmann gave himself to this task, 
traveling far and wide in the Middle West and 
the East among the constituency of the College. 
The campaign began in Elmhurst with an appeal to 
local citizens, a first effort of its kind. Four hundred 
pledges were received, totaUing $66,000. Students 
and faculty members with their meager resources 
pledged generously. When the Elmhurst'Eden 
Advance was finally closed in 1933, pledges in the 
amount of $1,800,000 had been received from 21,254 
subscribers in all parts of the country. Many were 
estate pledges, payable upon the death of the 
subscriber. Remarkable as this achievement was, it 
was vitiated by the Depression and by the default 
of many subscribers because of economic 
circumstances, by the excessive costs of the long 
campaign, and by the collection costs attending 
the effort. In the end, the net was disappointingly 
small, leading to further criticism of the 
administration. Nevertheless, after all was said and 
done, almost $100,000 had been secured in 
endowment, out of the quarter million dollars 
accruing to Elmhurst College. It was enough to meet 

one of the conditions of accreditation, and it was 
the basis of our present endowment fund, still 
markedly inadequate. One can only say that President 
Lehmann was an "unsung hero" to accomphsh 
what he did in spite of incredible obstacles. Elmhurst 
College would not be here today without his effort. 

Strenuous efforts were made to stabilize 
the financial situation. The process of student 
recruitment was increased by temporary field 
representatives. Elmhurst's fortunate location aided 
in the process, and in a short time commuting 
students comprised about one'half of the student 


A fortunate development was the beginning of 
the program of coeducation. It had been authorized 
in 1929 and began with the 1930'31 academic 
year, when fortysix women were enrolled. They 
were for the most part commuting students, since 
no residence facilities were available for them. 
Elmhurst College was in its seventh year as a four 
year college, and in its fifty-ninth year as an 
institution. Coeducation, already generally accepted 
throughout our country, represented a new 
educational pohcy for Elmhurst College. The matter 
had been under discussion for some years, 
especially among the younger graduates, who felt 
that only in this way could the Church fulfill its 
obhgations to the young women in its membership. 


.'.!.,.', 6i 




Mrs. Timothy Lehmann, the gracious hostess at tea in the 
President's house. (The Oriental rug in the living room is 
still in use in the president's home today.) 

Dean Genevieve Staudt, Professor of Educa- 
tion and Dean of Women (1931-1961) beloved 
by generations of students. 

"The Old Order Yields to the New". President Emeritus Irion 

greets the first women students at Elmhurst, 1930. 

There had been vigorous debate, both pro and 
con, but when the decision was made, coeducation 
was readily accepted by all. Mrs. Lehmann, the 
wife of the President, served as temporary Dean of 
Women, and eased the way for the newcomers to 
the campus by her graciousness. 

In the second year, the women students were 
housed in the community, and the teacher of history, 
Miss Grace Falck, became Dean of Women. 
Finally in the third year, Irion Hall, one of the 
dormitories for men, was made available as a 
residence for women students. The coeds were readily 
assimilated into the life of the school. A Women's 
Glee Club and a student Y.W.C.A. were 
organized. There is no doubt but that the co'eds 
changed the face of the campus and set new patterns 
for the social life and activities of the school. 
Enrollment of women students increased rapidly 
until they in time constituted some forty percent 
of the student body. 

It was at this time that the College was blessed 
by the coming of Miss Genevieve Staudt to the 
faculty and the staff, first as teacher in the 
Department of Education and then with the added 
duties of Dean of Women. She lived in Irion Hall 
and shared her life with the new women students. 
The normal and natural development of the 
program of coeducation at Elmhurst College is 
due in no small measure to her influence. Under her 
direction the program of teacher education gained 

new strength and acceptance. A graduate of Iowa 
State Teachers College and of Iowa State University, 
she added much to the stature of the faculty and 
to the spirit of the school. Practically her whole 
professional career, spanning thirty years of service, 
was devoted to Elmhurst College and its students. 
Hundreds of graduates entered the teaching 
profession under her guidance, and Elmhurst became 
well known for the quality of the teachers who 
were trained here. Many hundreds of students, 
both men and women, remember the gracious 
character and the strong and friendly personality 
of Dean Staudt. When she retired it marked the end 
of an era. 

The next great aim of President Lehmann and 
of the faculty and the Board of Directors was the 
achievement of accreditation by the North Central 
Association of Colleges, the accrediting agency. 
The attainment of this goal was absolutely necessary 
in order to achieve academic respectabiHty and 
status, and with it a larger enrollment. Graduates 
of Elmhurst College had difficulty in having their 
credits accepted in graduate schools. The Junior 
College had been recogni2;ed earlier by the University 
of Illinois, and in 1929 the Senior College received 
qualified recognition. Following a request for 
North Central Association accreditation, the custom' 
ary study team of the Association was assigned 
to make a preliminary review of the program of 
the school in February of 1932. A more formal 

The first coeds take part in the 1930 Home- 
coming paiade. 

Coeducation comes to Elmhurst - 1930. 

The Lodge on the Challacombe property was the home of 
many upperclassmen. until it was replaced by the Science 

Study and evaluation came in 1933, and the decision 
was unfavorable to the College. The points of 
weakness were duly noted — the lack of an 
adequate endowment, insufficient provision for the 
library, inadequate background and qualifications of 
some faculty members, lack of support by the 
constituency, and lack of proper organisation in 
some areas. President, faculty and Board quickly 
addressed themselves to the task of overcoming these 
problems and difficulties. A renewed application 
for accreditation was made in early 1934, and 
again a review team visited the campus. Finally on 
April 24, 1934 President Lehmann received the 
message that Elmhurst College had been approved 
by the North Central Association of Colleges and 
had been accepted as a fully accredited four year 
liberal arts college. Joy was unbounded on the campus 
and a noisy and cheering parade of students wound 
its way through the streets of Elmhurst to let 
everyone know the glad news. Elmhurst College 
had gained a new stature. 

Financial problems and denominational slowness, 
as well as problems of enrollment continued to 
plague the college. As commuting students increased 
in numbers, the percentage of students from the 
sponsoring church declined, as did the number 
of pre'theological students. 

A number of significant events should be 
quickly noted. In 1934 the Evangelical Synod entered 
into a union with the Reformed Church in the 

student Parade to celebrate accreditation - 1934. 

United States to form a new denomination, the 
Evangelical and Reformed Church. The partner in 
the merger brought seven colleges into the 
denomination, all of them financially more secure 
and with larger endowments than Elmhurst. 
Among these colleges were Heidelberg in Tiffin, 
Ohio, and Franklin and Marshall in Lancaster, 
Pennsylvania. All of this brought a new challenge 
and incentive to the leadership at Elmhurst. 

In 1939, the Board of Directors, at the urging 
of the President, purchased an adjacent residential 
property at the corner of Prospect Street and Elm 
Park Avenue in spite of the financial problems of the 
school. The Challacombe property was a strategically 
valuable addition and its purchase a tribute to 
the foresight of Dr. Lehmann. It is today the site 
of our Science Center. 

In 1941 the administration and the Board took 
advantage of the occasion of the 70th Anniversary 
of the College to convene a conference of midwest 
regional representatives to discuss the future of 
the College and to increase understanding of its 
problems and challenges and to seek increased 

In 1941 it was deemed wise to engage in self' 
study and to organize an institutional review. The 
purpose was to discover the strengths and weaknesses 
of the developing college. This study was made 
under the direction of Dr. John Dale Russell, an 
educational leader of national repute. It gave an 

added stimulus to the academic development of the 

In 1942 a great forward step was taken as the 
college received its own charter. Until that date it 
had operated as the property of the sponsoring 
denomination and under its charter. This new step 
gave to Elmhurst College separate corporate 
existence and ownership of its own property. It gave 
to the school increased autonomy, while maintaining 
a close connection with the church. The Board 
was able to elect one-half of its membership, the 
other half being appointed by the denomination. The 
way was now open for the selection of leading 
persons from the community and from the alumni 
group for board membership. 

The involvement of the United States in 
World War II, following the attack on Pearl Harbor 
on December 7, 1941, brought a real crisis to 
colleges and universities. Elmhurst College was 
no exception. As men were drafted into military 
service or accepted remunerative war-time jobs, 
the enrollment began to decline. It was difficult to 
raise special funds or to receive government aid. 
As Elmhurst College faced the crisis, the President 
and the Board of Directors were forced to make 
all sorts of arrangements to meet the situation. 
Retrenchment, salary cuts, adjustment of standards, 
major economies, expedients of various kinds were 
the order of the day. Once more loyalty and dogged 
determination found a way through. 


When the war ended in 1945 and the world 
had entered the Atomic Age, new problems in 
new dimensions presented themselves to the College. 
With the return of the men from the war and the 
provision of government scholarship assistance for 
the veterans, enrollments began to increase rapidly. 
At Elmhurst the enrollment of 300 suddenly 
increased to 500, and in the following year to 650. 
The college was not prepared for such an increase. 
To begin with, it had inadequate facihties. A 
number of barrack structures secured from govern' 
ment surplus gave some relief and the unfinished 
swimming pool area in the gymnasium became a 
dormitory. There were no adequate financial 
resources to meet this sudden upsurge and the 
College was forced to borrow money and add to 
its indebtedness. It was difficult to find the needed 
additions to the teaching staff. Also the return 
of the veterans brought a different spirit to the 
campus born of the "rough and ready" of army 

There were, however, real benefits which accrued 
from this new development. Larger enrollment 
made possible a larger and greater college. The 
athletic program revived spectacularly with the vigor 
of the veterans. The pre-theological enrollment 
increased to almost one hundred students. New 
organizations arose on campus, a science club, a 
veterans club, a pre'theological club. The College's 
own wired radio station made its appearance, later 
becoming an P.M. station broadcasting publicly. 
The College Theater took on new vigor. Since 1929 
it had functioned under the strong leadership 
of Prof. C. C. Arends, who also sponsored the 
Elmhurst Community Theater. 

It seems to have been the fate of Elmhurst College 
to have its major anniversaries come in the 
worst of times, the Golden Anniversary of 1921 
in the wake of World War I, and the 75th 
Anniversary in 1946 in the aftermath of the Second 
World War. "The Diamond Jubilee" was planned 
during the war emergency. One feature was to 
be a major financial campaign with a goal of one 
and one-half milHon dollars. The appeal was to be 
made to a selected group of individuals from the 

churches in the constituency. There were ambitious 
plans: a science hall, a chapel'auditorium, a 
student union building, new scholarships and 
endowed chairs. For all the dreams and the effort 
only $175,000 was secured when the Diamond . 
Jubilee Campaign closed in 1947. The times were not 
right. There was inadequate organization, no 
professional leadership, and an unprepared 
constituency. However, the cultural program of 
events, spread over the entire year of 1946, did have 
real value. It included a convocation early in the 
year, a concentration of events at the Commencement 
season, with a large public assembly on campus, 
an Institute on "Religion and the Liberal Arts" 
featuring outstanding speakers, a Jubilee Home' 
coming, and a Chicagoland banquet of recognition. 

At the end of the Diamond Jubilee and in the 
aftermath of the war, President Lehmann began 
to feel his advancing years and the weariness of the 
struggle and of the many frustrations. He submitted 
his resignation in late 1947, bringing to a close 
a term of twenty years, as previously mentioned, the 
second longest term in Elmhurst history. The 
Lehmann years were years of growth, of turmoil, 
of change. Coeducation, accreditation, financial 
campaigns, war, depression, after'war conditions, all 
faced within one period of twenty years. An 
incredible situation! President Lehmann was an 
"unsung hero" whose real greatness of achievemtent 
we appreciate in the retrospect of the years. 

At the same time the College received the 
resignation of its longtime academic dean, Th. W. 
Mueller. He had been a loyal co' worker with two 
presidents in the critical growing and shaping years 
of the college. Without his academic "know how" 
and administrative skill the policy decisions of 
the president and of the Board could not have been 
implemented. Strong, rough hewn, completely 
loyal and dedicated, honest and straight'forward, 
he worked unbelievaljly hard through all the years 
of stress and strain and ultimate achievement. 
Fortunately, he continued as professor and head of 
the sociology department until his retirement in 
1962 after fortyone years of service. Elmhurst 
College is indebted to him beyond measure. 

Part IV. 

Facing tne Future 

Tne Moaem College 

Not waiting for the election of a new president, 
the Board of Directors began the search for a 
new academic dean. It naturally sought an educator 
for this post and found one in Alfred Friedli of 
St. Louis, Missouri. He was a respected schoolman, 
with wide administrative experience, and the 
principal of a large high school in St. Louis. His 
graduate degree was achieved at Washington 
University. He was also a dedicated layman and 
church leader. He accepted the challenge presented 
by Elmhurst College after much deliberation. 
Dean FriedH was destined to play a large part in the 
shaping of the modern College. 

At the same time the program of student services 
was enlarged by appointing the Dean of Women, 
Miss Genevieve Staudt, as Dean of Students. 

A careful search led to the election of a new 
president, in the person of Dr. Henry W. Dinkmeyer. 
He was the successful pastor of a large church 
in Chicago, and so was in line with the tradition 
which called for a minister to be president of the 
school. Dr. Dinkmeyer was an alumnus of Elmhurst 
College, and a classmate of President Niebuhr. 
He was one of the small group who extended their 
theological training at Eden Seminary with further 
graduate work, in this instance at Yale University 
and at the University of Chicago. He had also 
served for years as a member of the Board of 
Directors of Elmhurst College, and for a time as its 
chairman. He was therefore well acquainted with 
the history of the college and also with its problems 
and challenges. He began his work with energy 
and enthusiasm in the early months of 1948. Dr. 
Dinkmeyer was a suave, soft-spoken gentleman 
with a friendly manner, and was also a very 
capable executive. Although academically well 
trained, the major bent of his personality was 
practical. He never forgot the history of the school 
nor its character as a school of the church. By his 
steady and quiet approach, he soon achieved excellent 
relations with the constituency of the College 
and also with the Board of Directors. As a result 
he gained an additional measure of autonomy for 
that body. His business efficiency soon manifested 
itself in the achievement of financial stability. 

Dr. Dinkmeyer was ably assisted by his 
colleagues in administration. The new dean of the 
college. Dr. Friedli, took aggressive leadership 
in academic and curricular matters. To meet the 
needs of the local community he proposed an Evening 
Session which grew rapidly from a small beginning 
to an enrollment of 400 students. He encouraged 
the enrollment of foreign students and young people 

Dr. Henry Dinkmeyer 

President - 1948-1957 

Alfred Friedli 

Dean of the College 

"A Hole to be Filled by Faith" 

Dr. Dinkmeyef's unique method in developing new buildings 
on campus. 

from minority groups. The first black student 
was graduated in 1951. The college intensified its 
cooperation in regional and national educational 
associations. Strong efforts were made to establish 
a sound salary structure. Within the boundary 
of limited financial resources, encouragement was 
given to the faculty for additional study and work 
towards advanced degrees. There was a careful 
development of educational policies, the addition of 
new departments, such as psychology and 
economics, and experimentation in interdisciplinary 
courses. The faculty curriculum committee became 
very active under the new dean's leadership. 
The program of teacher education which was 
already a strong asset was further developed under 
his skilled leadership, utih^ing the local resources 
of Elmhurst's fine system of public schools. A notable 
development was the beginning of a course in 
speech correction which over the years grew into 
a very significant program. All told there was marked 
development of scholastic standards. 

A second valuable new source of help was 
the appointment of Dr. Clarence E. Josephson as 
assistant to the president in 1949. He became in 
effect the business manager. Dr. Josephson was a 
unique personality. A highly gifted man, he had 
trained for the ministry after a very successful period 
as a business executive with a large corporation. 
He had served for a period of years as the president 
of the denomination's Heidelberg College. He 

— ■ 




^^^^rVV^^^ViHr ilfl/ n nV y. 


brought a strong element of business efficiency to 
augment the president's abilities along this same 
line. With this new element in the situation, the 
deficits which had accumulated were eliminated and 
careful budget controls were instituted. Wise 
investment policies were implemented. Through 
the combined efforts of the president and his 
assistant, new gifts, legacies and annuities, as well 
as new scholarship endowment contributions, were 
received. The Board of Directors discovered 
that the financial condition of the College was more 
sound than it had ever been. 

The post'war pressures of enrollment growth, 
stimulated in part by the G.I. BiU of Rights, 
together with coeducation and the increase in 
enrollment of commuting students made discussion 
of a "ceiling" in the accession of new students 
a matter of necessity. The number of 650 was 
thought to be a reasonable limit, but continued 
growth made 1000 seem to be a long range possibility. 

The growth in enrollment necessitated new 
attention to the physical facilities of the college. 
For the first time in over twenty years new buildings 
were planned and erected, and Dr. Dinkmeyer's 
talents bore ample fruit. The college had no large 
scale financial resources for such projects nor were 
large gifts immediately available. The procedure 
used by the president was unique. He engaged a 
bulldozer, and ordered a hole to be dug where 
a dormitory was to be built, and then erected a sign: 

President Dinkmeyer with two veteran faculty members, Dr. 
Paul Crusius and Prof. C. G. Stanger. 

The cornerstone laying ceremony for Dinkmeyer Hall was the 
second "Hole to be Filled with Faith." 

Mr. Louis Hammerschmidt (L) and Dr. Erwin Koch (R), former 
chairman of the Board of Trustees with President Dinkmeyer. 

Another Hole To Be Filled 




"A Hole to be Filled by Faith." The response was 
remarkable as gifts came from near and far. 
Going one step at a time, a new dormitory arose, 
named "Lehmann Hall," and then another 
dormitory named, much against the will of the 
president, "Dinkmeyer Hall," a mark of grateful 
recognition by the Board of Directors. These 
activities stimulated modest gifts of larger size by 
trustees and other friends, and then the largest gift 
ever received by the College up until that time. 
It was a gift of $300,000 in stock certificates by 
Mr. Louis M. Hammerschmidt of South Bend, 
Indiana, a well known lawyer, and a long'time and 
loyal member of the Board of Directors. It was to 
be used to pay one-half of the cost of a new chapel 
and classroom building. With this challenge a hole 
was again dug "in faith" for the collection of the 
second half of the necessary amount. This goal was 
not immediately realized since the gift came very 
late in Dr. Dinkmeyer's tenure, and was left as the 
first challenge for his successor. Other buildings 
during the Dinkmeyer regime included an attractive 
apartment building for faculty housing, a new 
heating plant, and in the very last months a much 
needed addition of two wings for the old library. 
In addition to all of this. Dr. Dinkmeyer and Dr. 
Josephson directed the construction of paved 
roads on the campus and the development of the 
central mall or "sunken garden," as it was often 
called, which was a part of the original Niebuhr 

campus plan. The planting of new trees and shrubs 
began to make the campus a thing of beauty. 
No wonder that Dr. Dinkmeyer's career came to be 
designated as that of "the builder." 

There were other favorable events during this 
period. The Ford Foundation in December 1959 
gave tremendous encouragement to the private 
colleges of America by a gift of a half billion dollars 
for endowment purposes, the largest single gift 
in the history of philanthropy. Elmhurst College's 
share in this benefaction was $134,000. It was 
stipulated that the income from the investment of 
this amount was to be used to increase the salaries 
of professors. The joy generated by this, the 
second largest gift ever to be received by the college 
up until that time, can be imagined. This donation 
stimulated other gifts by corporations and founda- 
tions, and also by churches and individuals. The 
United States government took note of the needs of 
the private colleges, and the beginnings of a new 
program of government loans for scholarships falls 
into this period. 

There were developments also in student life, 
with growing understanding of the need for 
larger freedom in student government. "The 
President's Council" was a means for student' 
administration communication. The requirement of 
compulsory attendance at chapel services was 
quietly dropped. These services were held on two 
mornings each week, with evening vespers at 
stated times, planned and led by students. "Religious 
Emphasis Week" and a Winter Retreat between 
semesters followed the pattern set by other colleges. 
Larger cultural events were rare, but an annual 
Lecture Series, planned by a committee made up 
of students and faculty members, was quite 
successful and brought outstanding speakers to the 
campus. The athletic fortunes of the College were 
at low ebb, especially in the area of football 
competition, giving rise to vigorous discussion among 
alumni, as well as on campus. 

The college was growing and its program 
was developing. Modest tuition increases eased the 
financial burden. The College operated, however, 
with only a minimum administrative staff, every 
officer carrying a growing and sometimes over- 
whelming burden of work. 

Dr. Dinkmeyer, now nearing the age level for 
retirement, in February of 1957 announced that 
he would relinquish his office at the end of the school 
year, allowing time for the choice of a successor. 
Two weeks after this announcement to his Board he 
passed away suddenly, without warning, of a 
heart attack in his home. This came as a shock to 
the campus and the constituency. Dr. Dinkmeyer, 
the friendly, agreeable gentleman, the builder, the 
organizer, had achieved much during his admin- 
istration of nine years. Elmhurst College was 
well on its way towards coming into its own. 

Dr. and Mrs. Stanger in receiving line at installation recep- 
tion - 1958. 

Part V. 

""On tlie Tkresnold of tlie Future" 

(A Time or Rapia Cnan^e ana Grrowtn) 

What follows is really not a story of the past 
but a part of the present, and many who will be 
reading these hnes are involved in it. For the 
sake of perspective a cursory sketch will suffice to 
help us see the dimensions of the present. 

Following the death of Dr. Dinkmeyer, an 
interim committee, composed of the assistant to the 
president. Dr. Josephson, Dean Friedh and Dean 
Staudt, guided the affairs of the school. The 
Board once more followed tradition in its choice of 
a new president, in the person of Robert C. 
Stanger. An ordained minister, a Ufe-long friend 
of Dr. Dinkmeyer, and his successor in the large 
church in Chicago, the new president came 
with unique credentials. He had been born on 
the campus, the son of Prof. C. G. Stanger, a member 
of the Elmhurst faculty for a record span of 
fifty years. Dr. Stanger was a graduate of the 
Proseminary in one of its last classes (1918). 
Following his work at Eden Seminary, he continued 
to follow the course of his predecessor in graduate 
work at Yale University and the University of 
Chicago. For a period of three years he served as 
an instructor at Elmhurst, and one year of that 
time as dean of men. His was a hfe'long contact with 
the school because of his family ties. He was 
acquainted with its history and knew its early leaders. 
When the call came to become the president of 
his Alma Mater, he prepared himself by taking a 
summer refresher course at the Institute of Higher 

Inauguration Party at installation of President Stanger, IVIay 
1958. Left to right: Dr. Clarence Josephson, Dean Genevieve 
Staudt, Dr. William L. Rest, Dr. Robert C. Stanger, Dr. L. W. 
Goebel, Mr. E. J. Goebel, Dean Alfred Friedli. 

Education at the University of Michigan and 
repeated this in other summers. 

It was a time of rapid change in the world at 
large and in the realm of college education. The 
Russians had just launched "Sputnik" and the 
impetus which it gave toward intensified educational 
development, especially in the sciences, was 
unmistakable. The "population explosion" had 
finally caught up with the colleges and the "war 
babies" were now the young adults pressing into the 
schools. As the boom developed, public universities 
and colleges were beginning to draw students 
away from the private colleges. Higher education 
was now "the thing" and it was felt that provision 
must be made for every young person who wanted 
to go to college and who could qualify. With the 
growing costs and mounting budgets, business and 
industry were moved to become involved in the 
financial undergirding of higher education. 
Foundations lent their support. Federal and state 
governments gave assistance through special 
legislation assuring student scholarship loans and 
grants, loans for new dormitories, and finally 
loans and grants for classroom buildings, libraries 
and laboratories. Under pressure of necessity, 
privately supported colleges were availing themselves 
of government funds. 

Elmhurst College was always mindful of its 
heritage as a church'related college, with a unique 
purpose, and yet the obligation to meet the urgent 

need for higher education for the general public 
brought about a new direction. It would be less and 
less a denominational service institution and more 
and more a full' fledged American college. This 
was to be its Christian service to the present age 
while endeavoring to maintain its traditional spirit. 

The sponsoring denomination. The Evangelical 
and Reformed Church, had just completed a 
merger with the Congregational churches to form 
the United Church of Christ. The Congregational 
colleges, some of the oldest and most prestigious 
in America, had a tradition of independence and 
of limited denominational support. Elmhurst 
had always received considerable church subsidy, 
and needed now to become more self'sufficient. 
The governing board of the College revised its 
constitution and changed its name from Board 
of Directors to Board of Trustees, and elected a lay 
chairman, and broadened its membership by the 
addition of prominent businessmen to its roster. 

Two developments came in rapid succession 
in the new administration. The first was a largcscale 
program of self 'Study, prompted by the requirement 
of the North Central Association of Colleges 
and Secondary Schools for a periodic review. The 
faculty approved this project and the 1959'60 
school year was devoted to it. Under the leadership 
of the dean and the guidance of a faculty steering 
committee and seven study committees, this large 
scale self 'Study was implemented. It reviewed every 

Mr. Louis M. Hammerschmidt, devoted 
trustee of the College, whose gift made 
possible the new Chapel, receives con- 
gratulations from President Stanger and 
Chairman E. J. Goebel at the time of the 
presentation of his portrait. 

Hammerschmidt Memorial Chapel - 1959. 

aspect of the college program in the light of modern 
accreditation requirements. This was followed by 
the visit of the North Central review committee 
consisting of the Reverend E. J. Drummond, vice 
president of Marquette University, and President 
Douglas Knight of Lawrence College. This brief 
account can only state that both the strengths and 
weaknesses were honestly faced. The report of the 
review committee gave hearty approval to continued 
accreditation, but also gave very pointed suggestions 
as to areas needing attention. This spawned a 
number of special study projects which were 
carried on in the next year and beyond. 

The second development was a recommendation 
by the president to the Board of Trustees to begin 
a program of development of institutional resources 
and facilities. This represented a new and rapidly 
growing movement among colleges. A preliminary 
study by a firm of development counselors revealed 
the weakness in relations with the large civic 
community and the business and industry in the area, 
as well as the lack of adequate support by the 
alumni. Understanding for such a project had to be 
developed in the faculty and the constituency. 

Again summarizing all too briefly, let it be said 
that this development program began slowly, but 
proceeded to become one of the most important 
forward steps in the outward growth of the College. 
A promising young businessman, academically 
oriented because of an official connection with a 

national collegiate fraternity, Mr. Darl Snyder, 
became the director of development. He at once 
developed a strong program of public relations. 
While immediate financial returns were small, a 
strong foundation was laid for the future. Personal 
and corporate gifts began to come in and the 
alumni association had its first successful large-scale 
solicitation in 1961. Very significant contacts were 
made with foundations and the business community 
and the Board of Trustees was inspired to new 
activity. After careful preparation and study a 
ten'year program projection, known as the "Decade 
of Development," was presented at a College 
Convocation on May 14, 1961, and at a large public 
dinner meeting in Elmhurst, attended by a 
significant group of citizens and civic leaders. The 
ambitious campus plan was an updating of the 
original plan of Niebuhr's administration in the 
1920's drawn by the same architect, and much 
nearer now to realization than it was in those far-off 
days. The Decade of Development envisioned 
increased endowment, better salaries for faculty, 
scholarships, additional library resources, better 
classroom facilities, plus a new science building, a 
student center, a new fieldhouse and a fine arts 
center. The Decade of Development, planned to 
culminate in the 1971 Centennial observance, is in 
process of realization now as is evident to any 
observer of the campus scene. The dream of 
many years is becoming a reality. 

The program of development brought some 
immediate results in the construction of new 
buildings. The new chapel, made possible by the 
large gift of $300,000 by Louis M. Hammerschmidt, 
was augmented by a like sum given by churches, 
alumni and the church constituency. The 
Hammerschmidt Memorial Chapel was dedicated in 
1959, and soon thereafter a magnificent Moeller 
pipe organ was installed, and within a year the 
building was debt-free. It was designed as a multi' 
purpose building with a large auditorium for 
worship and for assemblies, a smaller hall on the 
ground level, together with much needed classrooms 
and faculty offices. The new federal housing 
program provided a long term loan for the construe 
tion of a modern dormitory, Niebuhr Hall, in 
1961, including a new health facility. Careful 
planning, in spite of many difficulties, brought into 
being the large new College Union in 1964, 
providing a center where resident and commuting 
students would meet, where student organi2;ations 
would work and social and cultural programs 
could be arranged. At the same time adequate new 
dining and snack bar facihties were provided. 
This completed, planning was begun for the urgently 
needed science building. Since a functional type 
of architecture was necessary for this new facihty, 
a new architect was chosen, replacing the firm which 
had served the college in one style of architecture 
for nearly forty years. Detailed plans were ready 

when the president was about to retire. The College 
Union and Science Center were erected with partial 
loans and grants from federal funds, augmented 
by gifts from foundations and individual donors. 
The new buildings changed the face of the campus. 

At the end of this period of college history, 
the enrollment had reached the one thousand mark 
and gave every evidence of continuing its advance, 
and the evening session was also growing rapidly. 
Academic standards were raised step by step 
stimulated by the academic dean and by his staff 
and faculty associates. Tuition rates increased year 
by year. New faculty benefits were instituted. A 
process of selective admissions was instituted 
when the college was admitted to the College 
Entrance Examination Board in 1963. 

The college assemblies were planned to alternate 
between a weekly chapel service and an assembly 
featuring cultural programs, to which the people of 
the community were invited. As funds became 
available, larger programs of concerts and lectures 
were provided. A full'time chaplain. Rev. Robert 
Schieler, joined the staff in 1963. 

The larger program required a larger staff. The 
deans and administrators had carried very heavy 
loads through the years. Dean Staudt, Dr. 
Josephson, Dean Friedli, reaching the statutory 
age, retired in successive years, having served long 
and valiantly and genuinely meriting the grateful 
remembrance accorded to them. With the coming 

Mr. Darl Snyder, first Director of Development • 

groundbreaking for Niebuhr Hall 1961. 

The Board of Trustees approve plans for the 
College Union - 1963. 

Dr. Friedli, upon his retirement as Dean, joined 
the teaching staff of the Department of Education, 
His service to Elmhurst covered a period of twenty 
years - 1947 to 1967. 

College Union Building. Second step in the 
Decade of Development. 

The Glee Club - David Austin, Director, 

Well remembered faculty members of recent decades. 

Clifford C. Arends, long-time 
Chaiiman of the Department of 
Speech and Ditectoi of the Col- 
lege Theater toi 39 years. (1929- 

Dr. Walter Wadepuhl, Emeritus 
Professor of German language and 
literature and distinguished 
scholar. (1946-1964) 

Mr. and Mrs. Oliver "Pete" Langhorst, "Uncle Pete", 
Director of Athletics and Coach for 36 years (1933-69). Mrs. 
Langhorst for many years was Alumni Secretary. They are 
loved and honored by many generations of students. 

Dr. Harvey De Bruine, late professor of biology and highly respected teacher 

of William Denman, as Dean of Students in 1961, 
there came also a reorganization and enlargement 
of the program of student personnel services, 
reaching into every facet of campus life. Trevor Pinch 
came to the Business Manager's office soon 
thereafter. Robert Swords became registrar and 
director of the evening session. With the retirement 
of Dean Friedli from administrative to teaching 
responsibihties in 1962, a new academic dean was 
called in the person of Donald C. Kleckner. His 
coming marks the beginning of an exciting new 
chapter in the ongoing story of Elmhurst College. 

The athletic program passed through a troubled 
period, marked by a necessary withdrawal from 
the college conference with which our school had 
been associated. New leadership in a new admin' 
istration is now able to recoup these setbacks. 

In the closing year of Dr. Stanger's administra' 
tion, the Board of Trustees engaged in an unprece' 
dented study retreat, conferring with faculty, 
students, and administrators, as they looked towards 
the future. Out of it came a Ten Point Program 
and a revised Statement of Purpose: "Elmhurst 
College is committed to being an educational 
institution where within the context of Christian 
faith and concern dedicated teachers and qualified 
students are brought together for the purpose of 
learning and of searching for truth. Academic 
excellence and academic freedom are paramount 
in this experience." Dramatically significant changes 
had taken place, bringing in the modern college, 
ready for a new large forward step. 

In bringing to an end his term of service and in 
his last report to his constituency. Dr. Stanger 
was able to say: "In days that are difficult, 
particularly for the small, private college and the 
church-related school, we have every confidence that 
the unique contribution of the Christian college 
will be maintained. One conviction is constant with 
me as I close this report, namely that Elmhurst 
College is on the threshold of a future filled with 
opportunity, challenge and with promise." 

College faculty - 1958. 



(History in tke Mating) 

The search for a new president was carried on 
by a large committee in which for the first time, 
faculty, students and alumni were involved. By and 
large the committee was convinced that the new 
leader must be an educator with wide experience 
and an earned doctorate in his field. After almost a 
year of searching and many interviews, the conviction 
grew that the man who could best meet the needs 
of the times was already within the rani^s of the 
administration, in the person of the academic dean, 
Donald C. Kleckner. Here was a man whose whole 
professional career had been spent in college and 
university work, whose graduate schooling had led 
to the doctorate, and who in his few years as 
dean of Elmhurst College had come to know the 
school and had given it strong academic leadership. 
Acting upon this knowledge, the Board of Trustees 
in May of 1965 elected Dr. Donald C. Kleckner to be 
the tenth president of Elmhurst College. For the 
first time in its history the college had a layman 
as its leader. Here was a president with expertise 
in education, fulfilling a hope quietly expressed by 
practically every clerical incumbent of that chair 
since the Proseminary became the College. 

Dr. Kleckner's undergraduate studies were 
carried on at Heidelberg College, Tiffin, Ohio, a 
school which, like Elmhurst, was sponsored by the 
United Church of Christ. His graduate work was 

Dr. Donald C. Kleckner, tenth president of Elmhurst College. 

at the University of Michigan where he received 
his Ph.D. degree. For a time he taught as head of 
the department of Speech at his Alma Mater, 
Heidelberg, before going to Bowling Green (Ohio) 
State University. Here he served as Chairman of the 
Speech Department with special interest in debate 
and in the theater. He also served for three years 
in the U.S. Navy. A recognized leader in the area 
of higher education, he brought significant strength 
to his new position. 

No history of the present period will be attempted, 
because we are dealing with history in the making. 
Day by day that story is being written for future 
historians to record. Suffice it to say that from the 
very beginning President Kleckner's leadership 
has been dynamic. As an able executive he has 
surrounded himself with a very capable staff to whom 
responsibility is delegated. He possesses an ability 
to communicate with students which has proved 
to be an asset in these tumultuous times. He relates 
well to his board. He has the confidence of the 
majority of the constituency and of the community. 
He has been able to solicit large-scale support 
from the leaders in business and industry. Evidence 
of this is the building program within the brief 

time of his service — an excellent modern science 
building, a new dormitory, the magnificent new 
Buehler Library now in process of construction. Bold, 
imaginative new programs, have been instituted, 
such as the 4-1-4 program, which places an interim 
semester for specialized projects in January 
between two full semesters. The faculty has been 
measurably strengthened and benefitted. The 
enrollment has increased to unanticipated heights. 
Great thought and creativity have gone into the 
planning of the Elmhurst Centennial which we are 
presently celebrating, and immense energy has been 
devoted to the Second Century Fund in a very 
difficult time. As we finish for the time being this 
story of "The Elmhurst Years", it is with the con- 
fidence that Elmhurst College stands ready for the 
years ahead. Hopes and dreams, work and effort, 
struggles and frustrations, challenge and response — 
these are the stuff of life. The Elmhurst Years have 
brought their full measure of each. Emerging out 
of a great Christian tradition and concern, and 
seeking to meet the educational needs of our country 
as changing circumstances dictate, Elmhurst 
College endeavors to serve, in the light of its 
heritage, the century ahead. 

Completion of the Science Center continued the building program 
of the Decade of Development. 

Elmhurst College's new $2.2 million A. C. Buehler Library 
features the latest innovations in library services and repre- 
sents one of the largest building projects in the College's 
100-year-old history. The three-story, 70,000 square foot 
library is expected to be completed by June, 1971, and will 
house over 200,000 volumes, an audio-visual center and 
spacious study areas. 

Stanger Hall - named in honor of Christian G. and Robert C. 

The facilities in Elmhurst College's $2. million proposed field house will include 
a latge gymnasium, handball courts, a conective physical education unit for 
handicapped persons, an Olympic size swimming pool, wrestling and weightlift- 
ing rooms and classrooms. The field house, along with the new A. C. Buehler 
Library and a proposed fine arts center, is designed to meet the needs of a 
student body that has doubled in size during the past decade. 

Elmhurst College's proposed S2.6 million fine arts center will include units for 
art, music, drama, mass communications and speech correction. The center will 
be one of three new buildings designed to better serve a student body that has 
doubled in size during the past decade. 

We are indebted to the author of "The Elmhurst Years," Dr. Robert C. Stanger, President Emeritus of Elmhurst 

Born on the campus, son of Christian G. Stanger, who was professor at Elmhurst from 1898 to 1948, and an 
alumnus, teacher and president of the college, Dr. Stanger's knowledge of the history of Elmhurst College is unsurpassed. 

A limited number of additional copies of "The Elmhurst Years" are available for $1.00 per copy from the Public 
Relations Office, Elmhurst College, Elmhurst, Illinois 60126. 

Elmliurst College endeavors 
to serve in tne li^nt or 
its nerita^e, 

tne century anead.