&' n ~^
The First Parishes of the
Province of Maryland
ISLE OF KENT
In lb31 Claiborne brought to the " Isle of Kent" from Hampton, Virginia, the Rev.
Richard James, a minister of the Church of England, who conducted there in the virgin
forest along the shores of Eastern Bay the first Christian Services held in the territory
now within the bounds of Maryland.
OF the PROVINCE of
Wherein are ^ven HISTORICAL
& of the thirtr PARISHES in the
PROVINCE at the time of the
m m ESTABLISHMENT ^ S •
OF the CHURCH oP ENGLAND
In MARYLAND in l692 m m
On /fie^^gious Sifuafion
cfn Me G^rovince
&A C0£09l'ESd UiA<P
By PERCY G SKIRVEN
THE NORMAN, REMINGTON COMPANY
5K 547 NORTH CHARLES STREET M-C
Copyright, 1923, By
THE NORMAN, REMINGTON CO.
Printed in the United States of America at the Press of G. ALFRED PETERS CO.
To the memory of my beloved son
THOMAS WILLIAM SKIRVEN.
whose sweet and sterling character
has ever been an inspiration,
this book is affectionately
PARTI Historical Notes, 1634-1692 1-19
PART II Papers relating to Religious Conditions Prior to
Queries about Maryland, 1676 23- 25
Religious Conditions in the Province, 1676 26- 27
Meeting of the Lords of Trade and Plantation,
Lord Baltimore's Statement of Religious Condi-
tions, 1677 29- 30
Lord Baltimore's Answers to the Queries about
Maryland, 1678 32-34
Address to King William, 1689 35-36
Instructions to Gov. Lionel Copley, 1691 37- 38
Names of the Associators, 1 690 39
Names of Council and Assemblymen, 1692 40- 43
Repeal of Former Laws 44
PART III First Law Establishing the Church of England,
1692 47- 58
Sheriffs' Jurisdiction 60
PART IV Instructions to Vestr^Tnen 63- 68
PART V Law under which the Church Functioned for sev-
enty Years 71- 94
Papers relating to the Validity of the above Law. 95- 97
Disposition of the "Forty per Poll" Tax 98-102
PART VI Counties, Parishes, Hundreds, Churches, Vestry-
men, Ministers, etc 105-164
PART VII Papers relating to the Establishment 165-167
Acts of Assembly, 1698-1765
Census of Maryland, 1696
Parishes of Maryland and the District of Colum-
INDEX: Names, Counties, Court Houses, Hundreds, Par-
ishes, Churches, Geographical names and Mis-
MAP of the Province of Maryland, 1692 (also shows location
of Churches in 1922)
Church Colinty Page
Isle of Kent Kent Island Queen Anne's. Frontispiece
St. Mary's River St. Mary's City St. Mary's 6
Old Oak Tree St. Paul's Cemetery . Kent 15
Old Council House. . . .AnnafX)lis Anne Arundel 62
County Seal Kent 1 07
Trinity Church St. Mary's City St. Mary's 110
St. Andrew's Church. . .Leonardtown St. Mary's Ill
St. George's Church. . .Valley Lee St. Mary's 112
Christ Church Chaptico St. Mary's 113
Emmanuel Church .... Chestertown Kent 114
Vestry House St. Paul's Church . . . Kent 115
Christ Church Stevensville Queen Anne's 116
St. Paul's Church Fairlee Kent 117
State House Annapolis Anne Arundel 118
St. James' Church Herring Creek Anne Arundel 120
All Hallows Church South River Anne Arundel 121
St. Ann's Church Annapolis Anne Arundel 122
St. Margaret's Church. Westminster Anne Arundel 123
Middleham Chapel .... Lusby Calvert 1 24
St. Paul's Church Prince Frederick. . . .Calvert 125
Christ Church Port Republic Calvert 126
All Saints Church Sunderland Calvert 127
St. Paul's Church Baden Prince George's 128
All Faiths Church Mechanicsville St. Mary's 129
St. Paul's Church Rock Creek District of Columbia. 130
Christ Church Wayside Charles 132
Christ Church La Plata Charles 133
Christ Church Grayton Charles 134
St. John's Church Broad Creek Prince George's 135
All Saints' Church Frederick Frederick 136
Rectory St. Paul's Parish. . . .Baltimore City 137
Vestry House St. George's Parish. .Harford 138
St. Thomas' Church . . . Garrison Forest Baltimore County 139
St. Paul's Church Baltimore City 140
St. John's Church Kingsville Baltimore County 141
St. George's Church. . .Perryman Harford 142
Christ Church Easton Talbot 143
Old Wye Church Wye Mills Talbot 144
St. Paul's Church Centerville Queen Anne's 145
Church County Page
Ruins of Whitemarsh . .Hambleton Talbot 146
Christ Church St. Michael's Talbot 147
St. Andrew's Church. . Princess Anne Somerset 148
St. Martin's Church. . .near Berlin Worcester 149
All Saints' Church Monii Somerset 150
Ruins of Coventry Ch..Rehoboth Somerset 151
Stepney Church Green Hill Wicomico 152
All Hallows Church. . .Snow Hill Worcester 153
Site of St. Paul's Vienna Dorchester 154
Christ Church Cambridge Dorchester 156
Trinity Church Church Creek Dorchester 157
Trinity Church Elkton Cecil 158
St. Mary's Church. . . .Northeast Cecil 159
Shrewsbury Church . . . Locust Grove Kent 160
St. Stephen's Church . . Earleville Cecil 161
St. Barnabas' Church. .Leeland Prince George's 163
St. Luke's Church Church Hill Queen Anne's 164
This book is the embodiment of a desire to make
available for reference the data concerning the Establish-
ment of the Church of England in the Province of Mary-
land, which was authorized by an Act of the Provincial
Assembly in 1692. Where possible, information has been
added concerning the formation of the parishes with their
original metes and bounds, the first Churches built, the first
ministers who preached in Maryland and the first vestry-
men who served the Church of England in the thirty
parishes which were then laid out.
The encouragement given the author by the present
Bishop of the Diocese of Maryland, the Rt. Rev. John
Gardner Murray, D. D., is gratefully acknowledged. The
valuable advice of Mr. Lawrence C. Wroth, Historiographer
of the Diocese of Maryland, now Librarian of the John
Carter Brown Library, Providence, R. I., the Rev. James
M. Magruder and the Rev. Dr. Frank M. Gibson made the
work of compiling this book easier and is deeply appreci-
It was only through the enterprise of The Norman,
Remington Company that the publication of this book was
made possible. It is the author's hope that this fresh evi-
dence of their interest in Maryland historical writings will
meet with the appreciation it deserves from the book buy-
ing public. The author deeply appreciates the generosity
with which they have treated him at every stage of the
To Mr. Albert B. Hoen for the valuable advice and
assistance given the author in making the map of Mary-
land (which accompanies this book) his sincere thanks are
Percy G. Skirven
May 24th, 1923
The Protestant Reformation in England resulted in the
entrenchment of the Church of England as part of the
government of the Kingdom and the consequent displace-
ment of the Roman Catholic Church and the political and
social disability of its members. At a later period the
Puritan Churches also found themselves under distasteful
restrictions and numbers of their adherents began to seek
asylum from what they deemed unjust persecution. Coin-
cident with the conception of America as the land of
material opportunity had grown the idea of it as a place
of refuge, and we find almost from the beginning of the
American settlement the two motives animating the suc-
cessive colonies. The first of these, however, was without
religious motive. Virginia had been settled as a commer-
cial venture. New England had meant opportunity and
refuge to the Puritans, while the Province of Maryland
meant opportunity and refuge to the Roman Catholic
colonists whom Lord Baltimore led to the shores of the
Virginia, settled in 1607, was a stronghold of the
Church of England, and Maryland, being a provincial grant
to a Roman Catholic, was received by the Roman Catholic
Church as an opportunity for initial establishment of its
power in this part of the New World. No such event took
place, however, for it was not possible to establish an ex-
clusively Roman Catholic colony under the English rule at
that time. To this fact may be assigned the primary cause
for the "Religious Liberty" enjoyed for nearly half a cen-
tury by the settlers in the Pro\'ince of Maryland.
2 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
Prior to the landing of Lord Baltimore's colonists at
St. Mary's there were no settlements within the limits of
the Province as specified in the Charter with the exception
of those on the "Isle of Kent" and on Palmer's Island.
The latter was within the mouth of the Susquehanna river.
Eight years prior to the landing of the colonists, whom the
fancy of one of Maryland's brilliant historians^ has led him
to call "Pilgrims," William Cleyborne traded, under license,
with the Indians in the upper Chesapeake bay, establishing
in 1631 a Trading Post on the "Isle of Kent." In that
year there were about one hundred souls in that settlement
and in 1632 the settlers sent a representative to the Virginia
Assembly at Jamestown."
In that year, 1631, Cleyborne brought to the "Isle of
Kent" from Hampton, Virginia, the Rev. Richard James
who conducted there the first service of the Church of Eng-
land said to have been held in the territory now lying
within the borders of Maryland. As this minister went to
Virginia from England, "certified" by the Bishop of London,
and thence to the "Isle of Kent," it will be observed that
this was the first regular planting of the Church of England
on what is now Maryland soil. It is quite probable that
Mr. James conducted these services in the small fort which
had been built on the extreme southern end of the island
as a protection against the Indians.
The poet tells us that the "Pilgrims" of New England
went to that land seeking "Freedom to worship God, " but
it was to the Province of Maryland, first of all the American
colonies, that all creeds went assured of their freedom to
worship as their conscience dictated. McMahon says "Re-
ligious liberty was subject only to the restraints of Con-
science."^ Very naturally the question arises how such a
1 McMahon, History of Maryland, p. 198.
* Chalmer's Political Annals of United Colonics, p. 206, also Henning's
Statutes at Large, Vol. 1, p. 154.
5 McMahon, History of Maryland, p. 198.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 3
condition was brought about since George Calvert, the first
Lord Baltimore, was an avowed Roman Catholic and Ce-
cilius Calvert, his son, who succeeded to his father's titles
and estates, becoming the second Lord Baltimore, was also
a Roman Catholic.
Born of Church of England parents at Kipling, York-
shire, England, in 1582, George Calvert early developed
into a man of large capabilities. James I, recognizing in
him the qualities of an excellent business man as well as an
astute politician, made Calvert one of his Secretaries of
State in 1619.^ In frankly announcing his conversion to the
Roman Catholic Church he so impressed the King with his
honesty that he was continued in the Privy Council and
later, in 1625, made Baron Baltimore of Baltimore, in the
County of Longford, Ireland.
Having failed in a former endeavor toward colonizing
in bleak Newfoundland- George Calvert made a voyage, in
1629, to the Southern mainland of North America. Being
impressed with what he saw, during this visit, in the Virginia
Colony he asked for the territory now known as Maryland.
There he had expected to offset the loss of the money
sunk in his ill-fated project at Avalon and to build
a fortune for himself and his family. There was also
another object that he had in mind. As a secondary con-
sideration he wanted to establish a refuge for his Roman
Catholic friends — a place where they could practice their
religious ceremonies without interference. Destined never
to realize his cherished ambitions George Calvert died in
April, 1632, before his promised charter to Maryland
received the Great Seal.
The death of George Calvert did not prevent King
Charles from signing the Charter on June 20, 1632, grant-
1 Ency. Brie, 9th Edit., Vol. IV, p. 713.
' The Charter to Avalon, Newfoundland, was a gift from King James in
further recognition of George Calvert's faithful services.
4 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
ing to Cecilius Calvert, the second Lord Baltimore, all
that his father had asked. In giving him the Province
of Maryland Charles I placed Cecilius Calvert in absolute
ownership of all the land^ lying within the bounds of the
Province. McMahon says "this Charter was the most
ample and sovereign that ever emanated from the English
Crown."' In the Charter appears the following: "And
We do by these Presents . . . make, create and
constitute Him, the now Baron of Baltimore, and his
heirs, the true and absolute Lords and Proprietaries of the
Region [Maryland] aforesaid . . ."^ There would seem
to be nothing to prevent Cecilius Calvert from using his
authority, thus conferred, to adopt any religious policy for
his Province that his ambitions dictated. True there was a
provision in the Charter which held in check any very radi-
cal change from the laws of the mother country. The pro-
vision read in part: "So nevertheless, that all Laws afore-
said be Consonant to Reason and be not repugnant or
contrary, but (so far as convenient may be) agreeable to the
Laws, Statutes, Customs and Rights of this Our Kingdom of
England . . . "■*
In recognition of the magnificent gift, the Province of
Maryland, and in acknowledgment of the overlordship of
the King, Cecilius Calvert was required to yield "there-
fore unto US, our Heirs and Successors, two Indian Ar-
rows of those parts, to be delivered at the said Castle of
Windsor, every year on Tuesday in Easter- week: and also
the fifth part of all Gold and Silver Ore, which shall hap-
pen from time to time, to be found within the aforesaid
' McMahon, History of Maryland, p. \b7.
2 McMahon, History of Maryland, p. 1 55.
^Charter, Section V.
* Charter, Section VII.
' Charter, Section V.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 5
The second Lord Baltimore, Cecilius Calvert, was a
great-hearted far-sighted nobleman endowed with good
common sense. He realized that he possessed an exceed-
ingly valuable gift in this fine domain, interlaced as it was
with beautiful rivers and divided by the great Chesapeake
Bay. He appreciated fully the meaning of the various
provisions of his Charter. He also realized that he held this
Charter under a Protestant government and owing to the
existing religious feeling in England it was impossible,
"Absolute Lord" though he was, to establish an exclu-
sively Roman Catholic colony. He shrewdly adopted as
his policy "Religious liberty," for by doing so he avoided
all conditions that tended to mar the success of his under-
taking' of colonizing Maryland. He made no misstep, nor
did he miscalculate his plans, for he was in possession of all
the knowledge we now have bearing on those times, and
also had the advantage of breathing the atmosphere of
English politics of the day. Second only to the territory
itself Calvert's policy of "Religious liberty" was his most
valuable asset. Like all good business men he looked after
his business assets with great care.
The encouragement given Cecilius Calvert by the gift
of so generous a "grant" was sufficient to induce him to
make a great outlay of money to fit out two vessels, the
"Ark" and the "Dove," and also to provide nearly 300
colonists for the voyage to the Province in North America.
The expedition left England on Saint Cecilia's Day, No-
vember 22nd, 1633, and Leonard Calvert, a brother of the
Proprietary, was sent out as governor of the Province.
After a long and stormy voyage by way of the West Indies
they came into the Chesapeake on the 27th of February,
' "The system of toleration was co-eval with the colony itself; and sprang
from the liberal and sagacious views of the first proprietary." McMahon's Hist,
of Maryland, p. 226.
6 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
1634. After sailing about the bay looking for the best
place to found the city which they intended to build in the
Province, they decided to land on an island in the Potomac
River which they named. "St. Clements." Having made
the selection of that place, they waited a day or two, prob-
ably in order that they might land on Lady's Day, the
Feast of the Annunciation, March 25th, 1634. Upon going
ashore they erected a cross and took possession "In the
name of the Savior of the World and of the King of Eng-
land." This was nearly three years after the Rev. Richard
James, Priest of the Church of England, first ministered on
the Isle of Kent.
The numerical majority of those who came to the
Province in the "Ark" and the "Dove" wereof the Anglican
Faith. ^ The principal adventurers were Roman Catholics
and as a consequence the religious tone of the early province
was Roman Catholic.
There does not appear to be any record of an Anglican
Clergyman among them nor of services held according to
the rites of the Church of England very soon after the
landing of the colonists. It is generally believed that
Anglicans and Roman Catholics for some years used the
same chapel at St. Mary's for worship. Doubtless the
Anglican Church services were read by lay readers or by
visiting clergymen from the neighboring colony of Virginia.^
Under the date of the 13th of November, 1633, Cecilius
Calvert had given instructions to Governor Leonard Cal-
vert and his two Commissioners, before they sailed from
England for the Province, as follows : —
' Johnson's Founders of Maryland, p. 22.
' The Rev, William Wilkinson, Rector of St. George's Church, Poplar Hill,
1650-1663, had loaned money in this vicinity previous to his moving from Vir-
ginia to Maryland as a permanent resident and apparently was drawn thither in
person by the opportunity of ministering to the adherents of the Established
Church of England.
^I't.}' I\IM, 'lU
THE FIRST PARI5MES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 7
"No. 1 Impri. His lordship requires his said
Governor and Commissioners that in their voyage to
Maryland they be very careful to preserve unity
and peace amongst all passengers on Shipboard, and
that they suffer no scandal nor offence to be given
to any of the Protestants whereby any just com-
plaint may hereafter be made by them in Virginia or
in England. And that for that end they cause all
Acts of Roman Catholique Religion to be done as
privately as may be, and that they instruct all the
Roman Catholiques to be silent upon all occasions
of discourse concerning matters of Religion, and
that the said Governor and Commissioners treate
the Protestants with as much mildness and favor as
Justice will permit. And this to be observed at
Land as well as at Sea."'
It is apparent that Cecilius Calvert realized that it was
essential that no offence be given to the Protestants. And
also that only the fairest treatment of the colonists upon
their arrival in the newly discovered country would keep
the Province in his hands.
Indeed Calvert intended from the moment he conceived
the idea of founding the Province of Maryland to insure
religious toleration in the province by writing into his in-
structions orders to that effect. It is evident that he car-
ried out his intention. As a case in point to show how
diligently Leonard Calvert, governor of the province, car-
ried out the wishes of his brother, that of William Lewis,
the steward of Thomas Cornwallis, a Roman Catholic,
can profitably be told here. Losing control of himself
when two of his fellow servants read aloud from a volume
of Smith's Sermons certain passages reflecting upon the
' Narratives of Early Maryland (C. C. Hall), p. 16.
8 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
Pope and the Roman Catholic faith, Lewis made the
assertion, it was alleged, that all Protestant ministers
were "ministers of the devil." Governor Calvert with a
Roman Catholic Court immediately fined him 500 pounds
of tobacco and exacted a bond from him for good behavior
lest he should "again offend the peace of the colony . . .
by injudicious and unnecessary argument or disputation in
matters of religion; ... or use any ignominious
words or speeches touching the books or ministers author-
ized by the State of England."^
Following up these instructions to his brother Leonard,
Cecilius Calvert issued in 1636 instructions for his future
governors and also an oath of ofifice which included the
"I will not by myself, or any other, directly
or indirectly trouble, molest or discountenance any
person professing to believe in Jesus Christ for or in
respect of religion. I will make no difference of per-
sons in conferring offices, favors or rewards for or in
respect of religion, but merely as they shall be
found faithful and well deserving and endued with
moral virtue and abilities. My aim shall be public
unity and that if any person or official shall molest
any person professing to believe in Jesus Christ on
account of his religion I will protect the person
molested and punish the offender."^
This oath was the forerunner of the so-called "Tolera-
tion Act" passed by the Assembly twelve years later.
Shortly after promulgation of the Governor's oath, the first
building was erected, in 1642 for the Church of England
1 Arch. Md. Prov. Council, 1637-1650, p. 35.
' McMahon's History of Maryland, p. 226. (Chalmers says "this oath
was taken by the Governors and Council from 1637 to 1657," see Political Annals.)
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 9
worshippers in St. Mary's County — Trinity Church.^
Without the formal induction of a minister, the congre-
gation worshipped there without interference. Further
up the Potomac River and some three or four miles across
the St. Mary's, Poplar Hill (St. George's) Church was
built about the same time. It was in this Church in 1650
that the first permanently settled Church of England
clergyman, the Rev. William Wilkinson, began his thirteen
years of ministry. Another church was built for the
Protestants at St. Clement's Manor, about the same time
as Trinity and Poplar Hill were. This church was built by
Thomas Gerrard "for the convenience" of his Protestant
wife, her friends and servants. In the building of these
churches may be perceived the immediate results of Lord
Baltimore's assurances of protection to the colonists in
religious worship. Up to this time no other parts of the
colony had attempted the building of a church. While it
is true that no churches were built, it is known that there
had been places of worship, however primitive they may
have been, on Kent Island and in Kent County on the
north side of Chester River about the year 1652. As proof
of there being no Protestant minister in the colony at that
time, a fine of five hundred pounds of tobacco upon a
colonist was to be paid to the first Protestant minister "to
arrive" in the colony.^
When Charles P was deposed, and opposition to the
King which culminated later in the establishment of the
Commonwealth under Cromwell developed, Lord Baltimore
set about to solve the difficult problem of retaining pos-
' Trinity Church, at St. Marys City, now stands on the site.
There were no churches built for Roman Catholic worship in the Province
because of that part of the Charter, Section IV, which expressly says: "The
Patronages and advowsons of all churches which within the said Region
shall happen to be built . . . the same to be dedicated and consecrated
according to the Ecclesiastical Laws of our Kingdom of England.'"
» Arch. Md. Prov. Council, 1637-1650, p. 35.
'Charles I was beheaded 30th January, 1649, Ervcy. Brit., 9th Edition.
10 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
session of his colony. With characteristic shrewdness
he concluded that the best way to do this was to change
the "complexion" of the Council so that it would give
to the Protestants a majority. Prior to this change (1648)
the Assembly, it is said, had been composed almost en-
tirely of Roman Catholic members. With this exhibition
of willingness to satisfy the Protestants, he went further
and appointed a Protestant Governor of the colony, William
Stone. Feeling that his province was still in danger of
confiscation, he urged in 1649 the passage by the Assembly
of the "Act Concerning Religion"^ which became known
as the "Maryland Toleration Act." The preamble to the
act is as follows :
"For as much as in a well governed Xtian
Common Wealth matters concerning Religion and
the honor of God ought in the first place to be taken
into serious consideration and endeavored to be
settled. Be it therefore ordered and enacted by the
R' Hon'''^ Cecilius Lord Baron of Baltimore Abso-
lute Lord and Proprietary of this Province, with the
advice and consent of this General Assembly. . . ."
The first clause in the "Act" was as follows:
"That whatsoever person or persons within the
Province and the Islands thereunto belonging shall
from henceforth blaspheme God, that is Curse him
or deny our Saviour Jesus Christ to bee the sonne
of God, or shall deny the Holy Trinity the Father,
Sonne and holy Ghost, or the Godhead of any of the
s'' Three Persons or the Trinity or the Unity of the
Godhead or shall use or utter any reproachful
Speeches, words or languages concerning the said
Holy Trinity or any of the said Three persons
■Arch. Md, Vc! 1, p. 244.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 11
thereof, shall be punished with death and confisca-
tion or forfeiture of all his or her lands and goods
to the Lord Proprietary and his heires."
The law further provided against the calling of names.
The enumeration of these is interesting because the list
apparently includes the names of some of the sects then
within the Province — they are "Heretick, Scismatick,
Idolater, Puritan, Independent, Prespiterian, Popish Priest,
Jesuit, Jesuited Papist, Lutheran, Calvinist, Anabaptist,
Brownist, Antinomian, Barrowist, Roundhead and Sepa-
ratist." The Sabbath was not to be profaned. The last
clause and most important of all was as follows :
"That no person or persons whatsoever within
this Province, . . . , professing to believe in
Jesus Christ, shall from henceforth bee any waies
troubled. Molested or discountenanced for or in
respect of his or her religion nor in the free exer-
cise thereof within this Province or Islands there-
unto belonging nor any way compelled to the be-
liefe or exercise of any other Religion against his
or her consent, soe as they be not unfaithful to
the Lord Proprietary, or molest or conspire against
the civil Government established, or to be estab-
lished, in this Province under him or his heires."-'
The passage of the "Toleration Act" was published in
England and had its effect on the migration to the Province.
Men of character and wealth were attracted to this de-
lightful country of the New World. The numerous religious
sects, finding full protection there in their religious worship,
lived in harmony with their neighbors. Maryland, first of all
the American colonies, had completed all the conditions that
afforded to the World what it had for centuries longed for —
'Arch. Md., Vol. I, p. 246.
12 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
Religious Liberty. By persistently adhering to his original
plan Cecilius Calvert had the satisfaction of realizing
that his foresight was good in avoiding any condition that
would compromise his ownership of the Province. How well
he and his successors governed the Province nearly a half
century is told by McMahon.^ "Conspicuous above every
other colony of that period, for its uniform regard of
religious liberty, it had its reward. Harmony, peace and
prosperity, were the general results; and this period in
the history of Maryland, may be truly styled 'the golden
age of its colonial existence.' "
From the beginning of the Province up to the Protes-
tant Revolution in 1689 the missionary work of the Church
of England was productive of very little result. The Church
was interested in the missionary work in Virginia- but the
work in Maryland was hampered by the provisions of Cal-
vert's Charter. Cooperation between the Proprietary and
the Church was practically impossible. Baltimore neglected
to appoint ministers of the Church to "livings " in the
Province. An effort was made in 1661 in the Lower House
of the Provincial Assembly to provide a "maynetenance
for ministers," but two days later, May 1st, 1661, upon the
reading of the bill in the Upper House, "It was voted to be
altogether insufficient and short of the thing aimed at."^
However this did not prevent the gradual growth of the
Church and throughout the Province the faithful Church-
men held the regular services .
On Kent Island a church was built on Broad Creek
about the year 1652. This was near where the Rev. Richard
' McVIahon History of Maryland, p. 228.
' "In 1629 the Bishop of London announced the jurisdiction of the Church
of England over the religious affairs of the Virginia colony on the James River.
That was the beginning of the official missionary movement in America," see
Hawks, Vol. I, p. 38.
'Arch. Md., Vol, I. p 406.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 13
James had preached eighteen years earlier. Upon the death
of the Rev. William Wilkinson in 1663, the Rev. Francis
Sourton became rector of old Poplar Hill Church in St.
Mary's County. At a church in Baltimore County on
Bush River the Rev. John Yeo preached in 1683. In Cal-
vert County the Rev. William Mullett held services in
1684. In 1682 in Anne Arundel County the Rev. Duell
Pead baptized children. The Assembly at St. Mary's asked
this same minister, in October, 1683 to preach to both the
Upper and Lower Houses on October 14th, 1683, which he
did and this interesting record of the proceedings of the
Assembly of the 20th of October, 1683, gives an insight into
the religious conditions that obtained at that time in the
province. It is as follows:
"Upper House 20"^ October, 1683.
This house having taken into their serious con-
sideration the great Care and Kindness of Our Sov-
ereign Lord the King in giving in charge to the Right
Reverend Father in God the Bishop of London to
Supply this Place with able and Devout Ministers
whereby the people may know their Duty to God and
their Obedience to their Rulers do request the Lower
House of this Assembly to Join with this House in
giving thanks to M' Duell Pead for his Learned
Sermon preached before these two Houses the 14'*'
Instant and that some Acceptable Present be given
him for the same and this House is willing to concur
with them therein.
Signed pr. Order Thos. Gounwin,
Clerk of Assembly."
The Lower House concurred on the 24th of October,
1683, and gave him a vote of thanks, only. The ministers
whom we have just mentioned were among the earliest of the
clergy to come to the province to engage in missionary work.
14 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF iVIARYLAND
Before William of Orange ascended the throne, Lord
Baltimore is said to have opposed the revolution in England^
which conferred the crown on William. The enemies, in
England, of Lord Baltimore induced the King to uphold the
" rebellious" body of men in Maryland who had overthrown
in 1689 the Proprietary's officials there. The work of the
.'"associators" popularly described as the "Protestant Revo-
lution" (1689) has been overfeatured as a factor in influ-
encing the King to terminate the rule of the Calverts. It
was a factor, but viewed from Whitehall, it was regarded
more as an excuse than as a cause. The die had been cast.
On the 21st of August, 1690, proceedings were insti-
tuted at Whitehall, London, against the Charter of the Cal-
verts in order to "vacate"- it and an address to the Colo-
nists under date of the 12th of March, 1691, was sent to
Maryland in which appears the following :
". . . Wee have thought fitt to take our Province
of Maryland under our immediate care and Protec-
tion and by letters Patents under the Great Seal of
England to appoint our Trusty and well beloved
Lionel Copley, Esq., of whose prudence and loyalty
we are assured, to be our Governor thereof."^
This ended the rule of the Calverts as Roman Catholics,
and not until 1715, after the accession of King George I, were
the powers of government restored to them. The then Pro-
prietary, Charles Calvert, infant son of Benedict Calvert,
Lord Baltimore, had been educated in "the established
religion of England and had thus become capable of holding
governmental authorities subordinate to the Crown."* He
' F. L. Hawks, Vol. 2, p. 57, "Ecclesiastical History of the United States. "
2 Arch. Md., Vol. 8, p. 200.
'Arch. Md., Vol. 8, p. 235.
* Kilty's "Landowner's Assistant," p. 163.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 15
governed the province under the guidance of his guardian,
This also was the end of "Religious Liberty" which
had been the principal "asset" of the Calverts and to which
particular attention has been called.^ "Religious Liberty,"
the child of expediency, was supplanted by no weakling
when the king extended the jurisdiction of the Church of
England to the Province of Maryland. Governor Copley's
commission, dated February 14th, 1691, outlined the policy
he was to pursue. The establishing of the Church of Eng-
land by law was one of the first movements he was to set
on foot. The right of induction of ministers was vested in
him and upon close examination of his instructions it will
be seen that he came to Maryland as the personal repre-
sentative of both the Crown and the Church of England.
Notice what this part of his instructions says:
. and you are to enquire whether there be any
minister within your Government who Preaches and
Administers the Sacrament in any orthodox Church
or Chappell without being in due Orders whereof
you are to give an account to the said Bishop of
At the meeting of the first Assembly, May, 1692, at
the City of St. Mary's, after Governor Copley came, the first
act passed was for the repealing of all previous laws. This
done, the Assembly was presented with the draft of the Act
entitled "An Act for the Service of Almighty God and the
Establishment of the Protestant Religion within this Prov-
ince." The provisions of this Act had been thoroughly
discussed during the session, the first mention of the Act
being found in the proceedings of May 16th, 1692. On
June 2nd the House and Council both assented to the bill
' Sec aiso Act of 1702, p. 71, this book.
2 Arch. Md., Vol. 8, p. 276.
16 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
and on June 9th, Governor Copley invited all the members
of both houses to witness his signature to this Act. The
first provision of the Act read as follows :
"Be it therefore enacted by the King and Queens
most Excellent Majestys by and with the advice and
consent of this present General Assembly and the
authority of the same That the Church of England
within this Province shall have and enjoy all her
Rights Liberties and Franchises wholly inviolable as
is now or shall be hereafter Established by Law and
also that the Great Charter of England be kept and
observed in all points."^
Under the authority of this Act, the justices of each of
the ten counties of Maryland were instructed to meet at
their respective Court Houses, having previously given
notice to the freeholders also to attend the meeting. With
the advice of the freeholders the counties were to be divided
into parishes. The vestrymen elected for each parish were
to be of the freeholders, six in number, and the orthodox
minister to be one of the vestry in his respective parish.
Churches were to be built in each parish and a tax of forty
pounds of tobacco was to be laid on the people of the
province irrespective of creed for the maintenance of the
minister. The provisions of this Act were carried out and
the work of dividing the counties into parishes was com-
pleted in the following year, full reports of the work in each
county being made to the Governor and Council by the
The "instructions" to Governor Copley, given him
upon leaving England, included a command to
". . . take especial care that God Almighty be
devoutly and duly served within your Govern-
'Arch. Md.. Vol. 13, p, 425.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAX'D 17
ment ; the book of Common Prayer as it is now estab-
lished read each Sunday and Holiday and the Blessed
Sacrament administered according to theRitesofthe
Church of England. You shall take care that the
churches already built there shall be well and orderly
kept and more built as the Colony by God's Blessing
be improved and that besides a competent mainte-
nance be assigned to the minister of each church,
a convenient house built at the common charge for
each minister. You are not to prefer any minister
to any Ecclesiastical Benefice in that Our Province
without a certificate from the Right Reverend the
Bishop of London of his being conformable to the
doctrine and discipline of the Church of England and
of a good life and conversation."^
The reports to the Assembly in 1694 made by the
Justices of the ten different counties of the Province showed
that there were then thirty parishes, twenty-two churches
and nine ministers.
Upon the death of Governor Copley,- Sir Francis Nich-
olson was sent out as Governor of the Province,^ and to
him the work of building up the Church was a pleasure.
He wrote to the Board of Trade and Plantation in N4arch,
1697, as follows; —
"There was a law passed in the late Governor
Copley's time for establishing the Church of
England which his Majesty in Councill was pleased
to disapprove and disallow of &c; But there is
another law now sent to your Lordships, and you
may please to see by the Journals of the Assembly,
what difficulties I met with about it. When I came
1 Arch. Md., Vol. 8, p. 276.
= September 9th, lb93.
'Gov. .\UchoIson arrived in the province in July, 1694.
18 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
hither I found very few of the Churches built, but
I hope in God that they will be all finished this
year, and then we shall want Clergymen, and a Com-
missary to inspect the Church affairs, for whose
maintenance an Act is passed, and now sent to your
Lordships. My Lord Bishop of London hath prom-
ised to send an able Commissary and some good
Governor Nicholson took the greatest interest in per-
fecting the Establishment and offered by way of an in-
centive "that if a way can be found out to build a house
in every parish for the ministers, his Excellency (Nichol-
son) does propose to give five pounds sterling towards
building every such house begun in his Excellency's time."
His influence was the strongest help the Church of England
had in Maryland at that time. The expenses of transpor-
tation of the ministers into the province was allowed them
and in the year 1697, nine more clergymen came into the
colony, making in all eighteen.-
The time had now arrived for a personal representa-
tive of the Bishop of London to take charge of the affairs
of the Church. Dr. Thomas Bray was one of the greatest
of the missionaries ever sent out from England and was
noted for his godliness and great intelligence. Born 1656
at Marton, Shropshire, he was educated at Oxford. After
serving as rector of Sheldon for a number of years (during
these years he was devoting much of his time to collecting
libraries for the use of the missionaries), he was sent
to Maryland by Bishop Compton, then Lord Bishop of
London, to settle the affairs of the infant Church.^ Doctor
Bray left England on December 20th, 1699, and arrived
1 Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 82.
' Sec Section VII for list of Churches and Clergy in 16%.
2 Encyclo. Brit., "Dr. Bray."
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 19
in Maryland in March following. Going at once to An-
napolis, he summoned the clergy to a "visitation," which
was held in that city on May 23rd, 1700. There were
present seventeen clergymen representing fifteen of the
parishes. To these he delivered a charge and gave them
instructions in their clerical work. This good man was able
so to impress the importance of the ELstablishment upon
both the clergy and the Assembly that the work received
a great impetus.
After a short period (less than six months) of hard
work in the Province in the interest of the Church, Doctor
Bray returned to England to help in getting a law passed
that would firmly establish the Church in Maryland.
Those laws for the Establishment which the Assembly
passed in 1692, 16% and 1700 had defects which caused
their "disallowance" by the King when they were pre-
sented in council at Whitehall. Doctor Bray, having had the
intimate knowledge of the conditions in the Province as well
as of the requirements necessary to have the law passed at the
King's Council, advised the Assembly at Annapolis first to
have the law framed by the Commissioners of Trade and
Plantation in England and then to pass it as it came from
them. Doctor Bray gave his personal attention to the
law, and when the Assembly convened at Annapolis in
March, 1702, Governor Nathaniel Blackistone instructed the
members of the Assembly to "fill in the blanks and pass the
bill without amendment." This was done! The Assembly
adjourned on the 25th of March, 1702, having passed the
"Act for the Establishment of Religious worship in this
Province According to the Church of England and for the
Maintainance of Ministers." By that act the Church in
Maryland was governed, for over seventy years — until the
outbreak of the Revolutionary War in 1775.
PAPERS RELATING TO THE RELIGIOUS CONDI-
TIONS THAT OBTAINED IN THE PROVINCE
PRIOR TO THE ESTABLISHMENT.
Queries from Whitehall and Answers by Lord Baltimore,
Address to King William, Instructions to Governor
Copley, Names of Associators, 1690, Members of
Council and Assembly, 1692, Changes in Per-
sonnel, Laws Repealed, 1692, etc., etc.
QUERIES ABOUT MARYLAND PROPOUND-
ED BY THE COMMISSIONERS OF
TRADE AND PLANTATION.
"At the Committee of Trade and Plantations, Monday
the 10"^ of Aprill 1676 at the Robes Chamber in Whitehall.
Lord Privy Seale Earle of Craven
Duke of Ormond M' Sec'''' Williamson
Earle of Carlisle
There was also prepared the draft of a letter to the
Lords Proprietors of Carolina, the Lord Baltimore Pro-
prietor of Maryland, Sir George Carteret Proprietor of
New Jersey, and to the Bermudas Company, setting forth
how that the plantation business (managed lately by a
particular Councill) was now referred by his Majesty to a
Committee of his Privy Councill, and that their Lordships
might be enabled to inform his Majesty touching the con-
dition of those Colonies. Their Lordships do send them
some heads of Enquiry, upon which they are to return an
"Their Lordships on the 10"^ of April sign a Circular
letter w'^ severall Heads of Inquiry to the Lord Baltimore
Lord Proprietary of Maryland.^
The letter followeth.
After our very hearty commendacons
to your Lordship. His Majesty having in his wis-
dom thought fit to supersede the Commission by
which his Council of Trade &l Forreign Plantations
lately acted & thereby restoring all the business of
•Arch. Md., Vol. 5, p. 125.
•Arch. Md., Vol. 5, p. 128.
24 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
that nature to its accustomed Chanel of a Com-
mittee of his Privy Council. And his maj'^ having
more especially committed to a select number of the
Board, whereof we are, the care and management of
things relating to his Plantations, we have therefore
thought it convenient to give your Lord'^ advir-
tism*^ thereof. And because we do not as yet find
ourselves enabled to give his Ma''^ such account of
the State & Condition of that Colony as his Royall
service & the dependence thereof upon the Crown
does require. We have therefore thought fit to send
your Ld^ (as we have done to others) some Heads of
Inquiry here anext, the better to guide your Lord-
ship in the method of that state and representation
of things which we expect from your Lordship, and
do desire it may be done with all convenient speed.
And soe not doubting of your Lordships care to
advise us farther in all matters that may from time
to time conduce to his ma"^'" service, & our better
discharge of the trust reposed in us.
We bid your Lordship very hearty farewell."
The questions most important to the subject are:
"From the Council Chamber at Whitehall'
This Tenth of April 1676"
No. 11. Trade Building. What are the principal Towns
and Places of trade. And what manner of Build-
ings are most used in your Colony as to the
strength and largeness of them.
No. 12. Parishes. How many Parishes, Precincts or
Divisions are within your Lordship's Province?
•Arch, Md., Vol. 5, p. 128.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 25
No. 18. Christenings. What number of Whites, Blacks
or Mulattos have been born and Christened for
these seven years last past, or any other space
of time for as many years as you are able to state
an account of?
No. 19. Marriages. What number of Mariages for
seaven years last past or any other time, for as
many years as you are able to state an account
No. 20. Burials. What number of people have yearly
dyed within your Province for seaven years past
or any other time, for as many years as you are
able to state an account of?
No. 26. Religion. What persuasion in Religious mat-
ters is most prevalent; and among the varieties
which you are to express which proportion in mem-
bers and quality of people the one holds to the
No. 27. Church: What course is taken for the instruct-
ing of the people in the Christian Religion? How
many Churches and Ministers are there within
your Province and how many are yet wanting for
the accommodation of your Colony? What pro-
vision is there made for their maintenance as also
for relieving the poor decayed and impotent per-
sons ? And whether you have any Beggars or idle
26 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
RELIGIOUS CONDITIONS IN THE PROVINCE OF
Writing from the Patuxent river section of the Province
under date of 25th May 1676, the Rev. John Yeo, a Church
of England clergyman, labouring as a missionary in Mary-
land at that time, calls thea ttention of the Archbishop of
Canterbury to the religious situation which confronted
him. His letter is in part as follows:
"Most Reverend Father;
Please to Pardon this Presumption of Mine in
presenting to your serious view these Rude & indi-
gested lines w^*" (with humble submission) are to ac-
quaint yo' Grace with the Deplorable estate & con-
dition of the Province of Maryland for want of an
established Ministry, here are in this Province tenn
or twelve County's & in them at least twenty
thousand soules & but three Protestant ministers of
us th'^ are Conformable to the Doctrine & Discipline
of the Church of England."
He writes of those who pretend they are ministers
and states that they are not qualified and
"for the most part such as never understood any-
thing of learning & yet take upon themselves to be
Dispensers of the Word & to administer Sacrament of
Baptisme & sow seeds of Divission amongst the
People & noe law Provided for the Suppression of
such in this Province soe th' here is a great neces-
sitie of able 6z learned men to confute the gaine
sayer especially having so many Profest enemies as
the Popish Priests & Jesuits are, who are encour-
aged & Provided for & the Quaker takes care &
provides for those that are Speakers in their Con-
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 27
venticles, but noe care is taken or Provision made
for the building up Christians in the Protestant Re-
ligion by means whereof not only many Dayly fall
away either to Popery, Quakerism or Phanaticisme
but also the Lord's Day is prophaned, Religion dis-
* pised, & all notorious vices committed soe th' it is
become a Sodom of uncleaness and a Pest house of
I doubt not but yo' Grace will take it into
Consideration & do yo' utmost for our Eternall wel-
faire, 6z now is the time th' yo' Grace may be an
instrument of a universal reformation amongst us
with greatest facillity. Cacillius Lord Barron Balti-
more & Absolute Proprietor of Maryland being dead
and Charles Lord Barron of Baltimore &ourgovernor
being bound for England this year (as I am In-
formed) to Receive a farther confirmation of that
Province from his Majestie at wh"^ time 1 doubt
but yo' Grace may soe prevaile with him as th' a
maintenance for a Protestant ministry may be es-
tablished as well in this Province as in Virginia,
Barbadoes and all other his Majesties Plantations
Yo' Most Obedient Son & Serv'
The Most Reverend Father in God
Gilbert by Divine Providence
Lord Archbishop of Canterbury
Metropolitan of England
at his Palace at Lambith."'
1 Arch. Md., Vol. 5, p. 130.
28 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
The letter was received in due course by the Arch-
Bishop and being convinced of the earnestness of the
appeal wrote to the Bishop of London as follows :
August 2""^ 1676.
My Lord :
The enclosed came lately unto me, and from a
person altogether unknown. The design there in
proposed, seem's very honest and is in itself so
laudable that I conceive it concerns us by all means
to promote it :
If your Lordship shall please to remember it,
when the Lord Baltimores affaires comes to be con-
sidered of at the Councel Table, I make no question
but there may be a convenient opportunity to ob-
tain some settled revenue for the ministry of that
place as well as the other plantations; when that is
once done, it will be no difficult matter for us to
supply them with such as are of competent abilities
to undertake the employment and with all such as
we know to be both regular and conformable.
I bid your Lordship heartily farewel and am
My Lord your Lordships
Most affect ; Friend and Brother
No action was taken upon the matter until the meet-
ing of the Lords of Trade and Plantation on July 19, 1677^
at which meeting Lord Baltimore appeared before the
Board in person. The minutes of that meeting state —
''On reading a letter from the Archbishop of Canterbury
to the Bishop of London, Lord Baltimore presented a
paper^ setting forth the present religion in Maryland."
•Arch. Md., Vol. 5, p. 132.
' Calendar of State Papers, America and West Indies, Vol. 1 677- 1 678, p. 1 2 1 .
' See Lord Baltimore's Paper on next page.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 29
-WHEREUPON THE LORD BALTIMORE PRESENTS
A PAPER SETTING FORTH THE PRESENT
STATE OF RELIGION IN
That for the encouragement of all such persons as
were desirous and willing to adventure and transport them-
selves 6z families into the Province of Maryland a law
there made by the advice and consent of the Delegates of
the Freemen concerning Religion, wherein a toleration is
given to all persons believing in Jesus Christ freely to
exercise their Religion & that no person of what judge-
ment soever, believing as aforesaid should at any time be
molested or discountenanced for or in respect of his Re-
ligion or in the free exercise thereof and that noe one should
be compelled to the beliefe or exercise of any other [Re-
ligion] against his consent. Upon this Act the greatest
part of the people and Inhabitants now in Maryland have
setled themselves & families there & for these many years
this toleration &l liberty has been known & continued in the
Government of that Province.
That those persons of the Church of England there
who at any time have encouraged any ministers to come
over into that Province have had several sent unto them
as at this time there are residing there foure that the L'^
Baltimore knows of who have Plantations & settled beings
of their owne and those that ha\'e not any such beings are
maintained by a voluntary contribution of those of their
own persuasion, as others of the Presbiterians, Indepen-
dents, Anabaptists, Quakers & Romish Church are.
That in every Country [county?] in the Province of
Maryland there are a sufficient number of Churches and
1 Arch. Xld., Vol. V. p. 133, July I^\ Io77.
30 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
Houses called Meeting Houses for the people there and
these have been built and are still kept in good repaire by a
free and voluntary contribution of all such as frequent the
said Churches and Meeting Houses. That the Laws of
that Province have been ever made by the advice and con-
sent of the Freemen by their Delegates assembled as well
as by the Proprietor and his Council and without the con-
sent of all these no law there has been made.
That the Laws of that Province have been ever made
by the advice and consent of the Freemen by their Dele-
gates assembled as well as by the Proprietor and his
Councill and without the consent of all these no Law there
has been made.
The greatest part of the Inhabitants of that Province
(three of four at least) doe consist of Presbiterians, Inde-
pendents, Anabaptists and Quakers, those of the Church
of England as well as those of the Romish being the fewest,
so that it will be a most difficult task to draw such persons
to consent unto a Law, which shall compel them to main-
tain ministers of a contrary persuasion to themselves,
they having already an assurance by that Act for Religion
that they have all freedom in point of Religion and Divine
Worship and noe penalties or payments imposed upon
them in that particular. That in Carolina, New Jersey and
Roade Island, the Inhabitants for the peopling of those
places have had and still have the same toleration that
those in Maryland have."
After the submission of the foregoing paper by Lord
Baltimore the minutes of the Lords of Trade and Plan-
tation have the following entry :
"Whereupon their Lordships sign a letter to Lord
Baltimore as follows:
Have received very credible information that
many inhabitants of Maryland live very dissolute
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 31
lives, committing notorious vices and prophaning
the Lord's Day. Hope there are sufficient Laws to
restrain and punish such evil lives and oblige men
to live at least like Christians, though not of the
same profession. If the laws be full enough desire
his Lord'P to have them put in execution, or, if
defective to pass such laws as the occassion requires.
Have reason to believe this wicked kind of
living proceed from there being no certain estab-
lished allowance for ministers of the gospel, espe-
cially of the Protestant religion according to the
Church of England, the cause of a great want of
able ministers. Know how necessary it is to have
this want supplied without imposing any burthen
upon the inhabitants that they are willing freely to
settle, therefore desire his Lord'^ to write to the
Governor and Council of Maryland to send over an
account of the number of Protestant ministers of
the Church of England and their allowances, also of
the number of Protestant families and the value of
their Plantations and how many congregations they
make up; also to inquire what each congregation will
freely settle for the maintenance of an able minister
which, when agreed upon, to be enacted into a law
as in His Majesty's other Plantations.
Would likewise be glad to have account of the
number of ministers or teachers of dissenters and
their allowances, and of the number of the planters,
their persuasions, and the number of each per-
Lord Baltimore's answers to the "Quiries" which
appear on page 24, and to the above letter are set forth in
part as follows:
• Calendar of State Papers, America and West Indies, Vol. 2. 1677-1678, p. 121
32 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF K1ARYLAND
ANSWER OF LORD BALTIMORE TO THE QUERIES
ABOUT MARYLAND PROPOUNDED BY
COMMISSIONERS OF TRADE AND
26th March 1678
"Answer to No. II — Trade Building and No. 12 —
The people there [Maryland] not affecting to
build nere each other but soe as to have their
houses nere the water for convenience of trade
and their lands on each side of and behind their
houses by which it happens that in most places
there are not fifty houses in the space of thirty
miles. And for this reason it is that they have
been hitherto only able to divide the Province
into Counties without being able to make any
subdivisions into Parishes or precincts which is a
work not to be effected until it shall please God
to increase the number of the people and so to
alter their trade as to make it necessary to build
more close and to live in towns."-
"Answer to No. 18. — Christenings; to No. 19. — Mar-
riages; to No. 20, — Burials; to No. 26. — Religion and to
No. 27 Churches/^
Secondly — That having as yet no further
divisions of the said Province than into Counties,
nor in truth any possibility of making as yet any
further subdivisions into Parishes for the reasons
before given, there is no way to be found to make
calculations to satisfy these inquiries without tak-
ing a very great time and making such scrutinies
lArch. Md., Vol. 5, p. 129.
2 Arch. Md., Vol. 5, p. 266.
1 Arch. Md., Vol. 5, p. 129.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 33
as would certainly either endanger insurrections or
a general dispeopling of the Province which is at
present in great peace and quiet, all persons there
being secured to their content for quiet enjoyment
of everything that they can reasonably desire.
The reasons why such scrutinies would be
thus dangerous is that viz"^ That at the first
planting of the Province by my father albeit he
had an absolute liberty given to him and his heirs
to carry thither any persons of any of the Do-
minions that belonged to the Crown of England
who should be found willing to go thither; yet
when he came to make use of this liberty he found
very few who were included to go and seat them-
selves in those parts but such as for some reason
or other could not live with ease in other places.
And of these a great part were such as could not
conform in all particulars to the several laws of
England relating to Religion.
Many there were of this sort of people who
declared their willingness to go and plant them-
selves in this Province so as they might have a
General Toleration settled there by a law by which
all of all sorts who professed Christianity in general
might be at liberty to worship God in such man-
ner as was most agreeable with their respective
judgments and consciences without being subject
to any penalties whatsoever for their so doing
provided the civil peace were preserved. And that
for the securing the civil peace and preventing all
heats feuds which were generally observed to
happen amongst such as differ in opinions upon
occasion of reproachful nicknames and reflecting
upon each others opinions it might by the same
34 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
law be made penal to give any offence in that kind,
these were the conditions proposed by such as
were willing to go and be the first planters of the
Province. And without the complying with these
conditions in all probability this Province had
never been planted.
To these conditions my father agreed and
accordingly soon after the first planting of this
Province these conditions by the unanimous con-
sent of all who were concerned were passed into a law
and the inhabitants of this Province have found
such effects from this law and from the strict ob-
servance of it, as well in relation to their quiet
as in relation to the farther peopling of the Prov-
ince that they look on it as that whereon alone
depends the preservation of their peace, their prop-
erties and their liberties.
This being the true state of the case of this
Province it is easy to judge what consequences
might ensue upon any scrutinies which should be
made in order to the satisfying these particular
Arch. Md., Vol. 5, pp. 267-9.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 35
ADDRESS TO KING WILLIAM III.
"The address of the Representatives of their Majestie's^
Protestant Subjects in the Province of Maryland as-
To the Kings most excellent Majestie — -
Whereas we are with all humility fully assured
that the benefitt of your Majestie's glorious un-
dertakings, and blessed success for the Protestant
Religion, and civil rights and liberties of your Sub-
jects, was graciously intended to be extensive as well
to this remote part, as to all others of your Majes-
tie's Territorys and Countreys, being thereby influ-
enced to express our utmost zeal and endeavors for
your Majestie's service and the Protestant Re-
ligion, here of late notoriously opposed, and your
Majestie's sovereign dominion and Right to this
your Majestie's Province of Maryland invaded and
undermined by our late Popish Governors their
Agents and Complices.
Wee your Majestie's most dutifull and loyall
Subjects of the said Province being assembled as the
Representative Body of the same ; doe humbly pray
your Majestie's graceous consideration of the great
grievances and expressions wee have long layne under,
lately represented to your Majestie and directed
to your Majestie's principall Secretary of State,
in a certain Declaration from the Commanders,
Officers and Gentlemen in Armes for your Majestie's
service and defence of the Protestant Religion.
And that your Majesty would be graciously
pleased in such waies and methods as to your
'Arch. Md., Vol. 13. p. 239.
• Why was Queen Mary left out?
36 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
Princely wisdom shall seem meete, to appoynt such
a deliverance to your suffering People, whereby for
the future, our religion, rights and libertyes may be
secured under a Protestant Government by your
gracious direction specially to be appointed.
Wee will waite with all becoming duty and loyalty
your Majestie's pleasure herein, and will in the mean
time (to the hazard of our lives and fortunes) perse-
vere and continue to vindicate and defend your
Majestie's rights and soveraigne Dominion over
this Province, the Protestant Religion and the
Civil Rights and libertys of your Majestie's Sub-
jects here against all manner of attempts and oppo-
sitions whatsoever, Hereby unanimously declaring
that as we have a full sense of the blessings of
heaven upon your Majestie's generous undertake-
ings, soe we will endeavor to express our due
gratitude for the same as becomes Professors of
the best of Religions, and Subjects to the best of
Maryland — dated in the Assembly
sitting at the State House in the City of
S' Maryes the 4'*" day of Sept' 1689
in the first year of their Majestie's reign."
4^*^ Sept' 1689
Address of the Assembly to the King
Rec'" 31 Dec' 1689."^
' Bernard C. Steiner says "they ask to be made a royal province." See
"The Protestant Revolution in Maryland." Reports Am. Hist. Assoc, 1897.
' There are those who doubt the sincerity of this appeal to establish the
Church of England in the Province of Maryland but the personnel of the
Assembly of 1689 leads me to believe that the appeal was an honest expression
of a desire for relief from a difficult situation.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 37
INSTRUCTIONS TO GOV. LIONEL COPLEV-
August 26th, 1691.
"Where being arrived you are forthwith to call
together the Members of our Councill for that our Province
and Territory By name,
Sir Thomas Lawrence K'. and Bar'.,
Thomas Brooks, Esq.
And that God Almighty may be more inclined to
bestow his blessing upon us and you in the welfare and im-
provement of that our Province you shall take especiall care
that He be devoutly and duly served within your Govern-
ment, the Book of Common Prayer as it is now estab-
lished Read each Sunday and holiday and the blessed
Sacrament administered according to the Rites of the
Church of England.
You shall take care that the Churches already built
there shall be well and orderly kept and more built as
the Colony shall by God's blessing be improved and that
besides a competent maintenance to be assigned to the
Minister of each Church a convenient house be built at
the common charge for each Minister.
'Arch. Md., Vol. 8, p. 271.
' Arch. Md., Vol. 8, p. 276. See also Commission of Gov. Lionel Copley.
38 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
You are not to preferr any Minister to any Ecclesi-
astical! Benefice in that Our Province without a Certificate
from the Right Reverend the Bishop of London of his
being conformable to the doctrine and discipline of the
Church of England of a good life and conversation, And
if any Person already preferred shall appear to you to
give scandall either by his doctrine or manners you are to
use the best means for the removall of him and to supply
the vacancy in such manner as we have directed.
And you are to give Order forthwith if the same be
not already done, that every Orthodox Minister within
your Government be one of the Vestry in his respective
Parish and that no vestry be held without him except in
case of sickness or that after notice of a vestry summoned
he absent himself.
And you are to enquire whether there be any Minister
within your Government who Preaches and Administers the
Sacrament in any Orthodox Church or Chapel without
being in due Orders, whereof you are to give an account
to the said Bishop of London.
And to the end the Eccliasticall Jurisdiction of the
said Bishop of London may take place in that our Province
as far as conveniently may be We do think fit that you give
all countenance and Encouragement in the exercise of the
same excepting only the Colating to Benefices, Granting
Licenses for Marriage and Probate of Wills, which we have
reserved to you our Governor or the Commander-in-Chief
for the time being."
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 39
ASSOC I ATORS— 1690
St. Mary's County
Capt. John Coode
John Court (Coates)
Of the Associators, Blackiston, Robotham, Jowles,
Addison, Browne, Court and Greenbury were made mem-
bers of the Council by Gov. Lionel Copley, and Cheseldyne,
Harris, Staley, Edmondson, Trippe, Brooke and Jones
were elected members of the Provincial Assembly in 1692.
Arch. Md. Vol. 8, p. 199.
40 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
THE COUNCIL AND ASSEMBLY
May 10th-June9th, 1692.
During this period the "Act for the Service, etc." was
Lionel Copley, Esq., Governor.
Col. Nehemiah Blackiston
Col. George Robotham
Col. Charles Hutchins
Col. Henry Jowles
Capt. John Addison
Sir Thomas Lawrence, Bart.
Clerk to Council.
Col. David Browne
Capt. John Court (Coates)
Mr. Thos. Brooke
Col. Nicholas Greenbury
Mr. Thos. Tench
Mr. James Frisby
Speaker — Mr. Kenelm Cheseldyne '
St. Mary's City
Edw. Wynne, Esq.
Mr. Robert Mason
St. Mary's County
Mr. Kenelm Cheseldyne
Maj. John Carvell
Mr. Philip Clarke
Mr. John Watson
Mr. Wm. Harris
Mr. Hans Hanson
Mr. Elias King
Mr. Saml. Wheeler
Mr. Geo. Ashman
Mr. Edw. Boothby
Mr. Era. Watkins
Mr. Thos. Staley
Mr. Robert Smith
Mr. Wm. Phiney (Finney)
Mr. Hugh Sherwood
Mr. John Edmondson
Capt. Wm. Whittington
Rev. John Hewett
■Arch. Md., Vol. 13, p. 252.
2 Arch. Md., Vol. 13, p. 350.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 41
Anne Arundel County
Mr. John Hammond
Mr. Henry Ridgeley
Mr. James Sanders
Mr. John Dorsey
Mr. Thomas Greenfield
Mr. Thomas Tasker
Mr. Henry Mitchell
Mr. John Bigger
Mr. Wm. Dent
Mr. Henry Hawkins
Maj. Ja. Smallwood
Capt. Philip Hoskins
Mr. Thomas Evemden
Mr. John Godden
Maj. Henry Trippe
Dr. John Brooke
Mr. Thos. Ennalls
Mr. Edw. Pinder
Mr. William Dare
Col. St. Leger Codd
Mr. Edward Jones
Mr. George Warner
Clerk to the House.
Changes in Personnel.
"Came the speaker of the House and prayed his Ex-
cellencys Order for the Issueing out of Writts of Election
of Burgesses to serve in the room [place] of M' John
Edmondson of Talbot County, M' Everdine [Evernden],
M' Godwin and M' Huett of Somerset County M' Warner,
M' Dare and Col. Codd of Cecil County disabled and Ex-
pelled the House, which was granted.""^
Mr. Thomas Everdine and Mr. John Edmondson being
Quakers refused to take the Oaths.- Mr. John Godwin
was a Quaker.^
Mr. Huett (Hewett) was "dismissed the House by rea-
son of his Ministerial function, the Law in that Case as was
1 Arch. Md., Vol. 13, p. 2fo8.
2 Arch. Md., Vol. 13. p. 253.
5 Arch. .Md., Vol. 13, p. 354.
42 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
afore desired being read in the house, rendering him, in
the Opinion of the whole house, unqualified."^
On May 14th, 1692, Mr. Huett and the Re v. James Clay-
land, later rector of St. Michael's Parish, Talbot County,
were asked to serve as Chaplains to the Assembly and
answered that they "will be ready at the State house every
Morning, to say Divine Service upon the Beate of the
second Drume, dureing this Sessions of Assembly."^ Their
salaries were fixed at 3000 lbs. of Tobacco.
Mr. Huett was rector of Stepney Church and of Old
Monie in Somerset.
The cause for dismissal of Col. St. Leger Codd and
Mr. George Warner of Cecil was found by the Committee in
the fact that they "called Cecil County Court [in April,
1690] and held the same in the name of the Lord Baltimore,
denying the Authority of the Late Convention, etc."'
Mr. Wm. Dare was permitted to take his seat providing
he give security for his good behavior. Upon his refusal to
give the required security he was ordered to appear for
contempt. He finally, upon giving some excuse, was per-
mitted to pay a fine of 200 pounds of Tobacco and be dis-
charged from custody of the "Serjeant att Armes."'*
Mr. James Wroth, Mr. Robert Crooke and Mr. Thomas
Theakston were elected to serve in the Assembly for Cecil
County, "in the Roome of Col. Codd, M' Warner and M'
Dare. "... "accordingly the oaths appointed by Act of
Parliament instead of the Oaths of Allegiance and Su-
premacy were administered to the aforesaid members" on
May the 27th, 1692.^
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 43
"Came from the House M' Whittington and M'
Ennals and desired to have the Sheriff's Return of the new
Election for Somerset County. . . . Said Whittington
and Ennals came again for the House together with M'
Roger Woolford, M' John Bozman and M' Lawrence
Mattox members returned for Somerset County
they were accordingly sworn and dismist" June the 2nd,
■'The Sheriff of Talbot County makes return of M'
Thomas Robins a delegate chosen for the said County in
this Assembly in the Room of M' John Edmondson dis-
abled and dismissed the House."''
'Arch. Md., Vol. 13, p. 327.
2 Arch. Md., Vol. 13, p. 326.
44 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
ALL LAWS REPEALED
"An Act of Repeale of all Laws heretofore made
in this Province and confirming all Laws made
this General! Assembly.
Be it Enacted by the King and Queens Most Excellent
Majesties by and with the advice and consent of this
present Generall Assembly.
That all Laws heretofore made in this Province be and
forever hereby stand Repealed annulled and void, and that
all Laws now made and assented to this present Generall
Assembly (and no other) be and remain in full force and
power according to the true intent and meaning thereof
and that the same be accounted and esteemed as the body
of the Laws of this Province and no other heretofore made.
Provided always that this Law shall not extend or be
Construed to make void any persons Right by Acts of
nature Affections on any private Acts heretofore made
relating to any private persons, but that the same be
hereby kept and preserved to them according to the true
intent and meaning thereof anything herein to the Contrary
June 7'^' 1692. June the 7^ 1692
Assented to by the Councill The house of Assembly
Board have Assented
Signed p Ord' Signed p Ord'
W. Taylard Clk. Hen : Denton Clk :"
'Arch. Md., Vol. 13, p. 560.
THE FIRST LAW ESTABLISHING THE CHURCH
FIRST LAW ESTABLISHING THE CHURCH
"an act for the service of almighty god
AND THE establishment OF THE PROTEST-
ANT RELIGION within THIS PROVINCE."
Act of Assembly at a session held at St. Mary's 1692
Lionel Copley, Esq.
It was under this law that the parishes of the Prov-
inces were laid out.
The first record of any action taken by the Assembly
to establish the Church of England in the Province of Mary-
land is found in the proceedings of that body under date of
May 16th, 1692. It follows:
"Ordered that the following Articles be drawne up
into Lawes viz' — -
Article No. 1. That the number of Ordinaries be
ascertained in each County.
Article No. 2. To Lay the Province into Parishes
and that care be taken for provision
for the Clergy."^
Two days later, May 18th, the bill had been drawn up,
"read and passed the lower house the first reading with some
amendments to be referred."
On the 25th of May the following note is found in
Assembly Proceedings :
1 Arch. Md., Vol. 13, p. 368 and 369.
48 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
"The Act Concerning Religion they think most
proper to Consider of and make provision for Glebes
when the Parishes are settled and laid out."
The Council read the bill for the first time on the next
day (May 26th) and, after making the customary notations
as to reading, the following "Remark" was added:
"The Ministers to be one of the Vestry according to
his Excellency's Instructions and a Clause tobeincerted
Empowering the Vestrymen with the Advice and As-
sistance of the Commissioners to purchase and procure
one or more Glebes in a County and in such places as
there shall be occasion, or they shall be Convenient
viz'' One Glebe in a Parish each Glebe to Consist of
fifty Acres of Land at the least and not under."'
The bill received its second reading in the Council on
the 27th of May and was sent to the Assembly. The
Lower House adding the following:
"Signify the opinion of the House thereupon that it
may not commence nor take force till March next."-
The same day it also received a reading in the Lower
House brought from the Council. The following is an
extract upon the records :
"An Act for the Service, etc., ordered to be read,
upon which was reassumed a former Vote concerning
the Settlement of an Annuall Income in each parish
upon the Ministry within the Province and Voted
whether it should be done by the Assessmen' of Forty
or 20 "" of tob° p. poll, and Carryed by the Majority
of Voices to be assessed by a Taxe of Forty pounds
of Tobacco p. poll upon the Taxeables of each parish."^
Under date of June the 2nd the following record shows
the work completed and ready for the Governor's signature.
•Arch. Md., Vol. 13. p. 306.
= Arch. Md., Vol. 13, f. 316.
'Arch. Md.. Vol. 13, p. 3%.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 49
"An Act for the Service of Almighty God, &z'=
thus subscribed, viz'
June the 2"^' 1692
The House of Assembly have assented
Signed p Order
Henry Denton Clk
Read here and Subscribed June the l""^- 1692
Assented to by the Council
Signed p order
J. Llewellin Clk"i
Governor Copley on June the 9th "desired the House
would walke up and see the Lawes signed." "M' Speaker
with the Rest of the Members of the House goe up to the
Councill Chamber accordingly where were signed by the
Governor and passed under the Great Scale of the Province
the following Lawes, viz''
An Act for the Service, etc"'^
"Maryland S. S.^
Att an Assembly held at the Citty of S' Mary's on
the Tenth Day of May Anno Dom. 1692. And in the 4*
Year of the Reign of Our Soveraign Lord &Z Lady William
and Mary by the Grace of God of England Scotland France
and Ireland King and Queen &c= These Acts following
An Act for the Service of Almighty God and the
Establishment of the Protestant Religion within this Prov-
1 Arch. Md., Vol. 13, p. 328.
'Arch. Md., Vol. 13, p. 421.
5 Arch. Md., Vol. 13, p. 425.
50 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
Foreasmuch as in a well Governed Commonwealth
Matters of Religion and the Honour of God ought in the
first place to be taken in serious consideration, and nothing
being more acceptable to Almighty God than the true and
Sincere worship and Service of him according to his Holy
I. Bee it therefore Enacted by the King and Queens
most Excellent Majestys by and with the advice and con-
sent of this present General Assembly and the Authority
of the same
[Rights of the Church of England.]
That the Church of England within this Province shall
have and Enjoy all her Rights Liberties and Franchises
wholly inviolable as is now or shall be hereafter Established
by Law, and also that the Great Charter of England be
kept and observed in all points —
— and forasmuch as the sanctifying and keeping holy
of the Lords Day commonly called Sunday is and hath
been Esteemed by the present and all primitive Churches
and People a Principall and Chief part of the said Worship,
which Day in most places of this Province hath been and
still is by many wicked Lewd and disorderly people Pro-
phaned and neglected, by working Drunkeness Swearing
Gaming & other unlawful pastimes and debaucheries, for
remedy whereof, for the future —
[Penalty for Sabbath breaking.]
IL Bee it Enacted by the King and Queens most Excel-
lent Majestys and by and with the advice and consent
aforesaid, That from and after the publication of this Law
no Person or Persons within this province shall work or do
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 51
any bodily Labour or Occupation upon any Lord's Day
commonly called Sunday, etc./ . . .
[Establishing the Church of England.]
And for the raising of a Supply of the Ministry and
the Maintenance of the ministers of Gods word and Sacra-
[Meeting of Commissioners and Justices of each County.]
in. Bee it Enacted by the Authority aforesaid that the
severall Commissioners and Justices of each respective
county within this Province shall at some convenient time
between this and the first day of September next ensuing,
meet together —
[Place of Meeting.]
At the respective places of holding Courts for the same
[Freeholders notified to attend the meetings.]
— and shall give notice to the most principal Free-
holders- of the severall Counties to attend them at the said
time and place of meeting to be by the said Commissioners
and Justices appointed, ten days before the same —
[Dividing the Counties into Parishes.]
— and thereby and with the advice of the Principal
freeholders aforesaid so many of them as the said Commis-
sioners and Justices shall call to their Assistance divide and
lay out their severall and respective Counties into severall
districts and Parishes —
' Considerable space taken up here with penalties for drunkeness, etc., on
' "Freeholder (Principal Freeholder) entitled to vote or to represent county
in General Assembly must have a freehold of fifty acres of land or a visible estate
of Forty pounds Sterling at the least." (\ld. Arch., Vol. 27, pp. 352-1708.)
52 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
[Number of Parishes to each County.]
— so many as the conveniency of each respective
county and the scituation of the same will afford and allow
of, as in the discretion of the said Justices with the advice
aforesaid shall be thought convenient.
[Parish boundaries to be well defined.]
And the same districts and Parishes the said Justices
shall cause to be laid out by meets and Bounds and fair
certificats of each Parish with the most evident and demon-
strable Bounds of the same, return to the next County
Court to be held for the said County, —
[Parish boundaries recorded in County Records.]
— which the Justices at their County Courts as afore-
said shall cause the Clerk of the said Court to enter the
said certificate uppon Record, —
[Copy of Parish Certificate sent to the Governor.]
— and draw a fair Copy thereof, affixing his name and
the Scale of said County thereunto and Transmitt the
same with all convenient speed to the Gov"" and Councill of
this Province to be kept on Record in the Councill Books, —
[Clerks fee for recording.]
— for which the said Clerk shall be allowed as for other
matters recorded to be paid by the severall counties, —
— and for the more sure and certaine Effecting of the
same, the severall Justices of the severall Counties within
this Province, which Clerks aforesaid are hereby enjoyned
and required to do and perform the severall Injunctions
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 53
requisite and parts of this Law under the penalty of five
hundred pounds of Tobacco to every Justice failing in the
premisses, and to the Clerk one thousand pounds of To-
[Fines in their Majestie's names.]
— to be recovered in their Majestie's names in any
Court of Record in this Province —
[Fines applied to Parish use.]
— and Employed to the use of the Parrish where the
said offender shall reside —
[Meeting held to choose Vestries.]
•^and.the Severall Parishes being laid out limited and
bounded in the severall Counties within this Province as
aforesaid the Freeholders of each Parish do within some
convenient time within two months —
[Justices to appoint time and place of meeting.]
— as by the Justices of County Courts aforesaid
shall be appointed, meet together at the most convenient
place in the said Parish to be appointed by the Justices
[Six vestrymen to be chosen.]
— and there make choice of six of the most able men
of the said respective Parishes to be a Vestry for each
respective Parish as aforesaid, —
[Vestrymen given authority of office.]
— who are hereby Authorized Impowered and required
to take care of preserve and Imploy all such Tobaccos,
54 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
Wares, goods and Merchandizes as by this Act or any
other Act hereafter to be made, or by any other waies or
means whatsoever shall be given or granted raised or allowed
to the use of the Church or Ministry of the said Parish to
which they belong.
[Vestry meeting to take account of parish income.]
To which end and purpose the said Vestrymen or the
Major part of them when and as often as need shall require
shall meet together and have a Clerk^ to attend them to take
the accompt of all such Tobaccos, Goods, Wares and Mer-
chandizes as by any means as aforesaid shall accrue to the
use of the Ministry in the Parish aforesaid, —
[To build churches and chapel.]
— and with the first Tobaccos, goods Wares and Mer-
chandizes as aforesaid, shall erect and build in the most
convenient place of the said Parish, one Church or Chap-
[Vestrymen to decide on dimensions, etc.]
— in such Dimentions and Proportions and in such
Methods and ways as by the said Vestry men in their
discretion and Judgement shall think fitt and convenient —
[Exceptions where churches are already built.]
— (such Parishes as already at the time of the laying
out of the same shall appear to have churches and Chap-
pells already built in them Excepted) —
[Vestrymen to keep record.]
— the said Vestry men alwayes keeping a Record how
and in what manner they shall execute and performe the
severall Trusts in this Act reposed in them —
■ Clerk to Vestry.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 5?
[Vestry to obtain a yearly list of taxables in their parish.]
—and also shall procure yearly and every year from
the Constables within each hundred within their Parishes
aforesaid or by such other waies or means as to them shall
seem expedient a true & just accompt and list of all Taxable
Persons within their Parish aforesaid —
[List of taxables kept with vestry records.]
—and the same yearly and every year cause to be
recorded amongst their other Proceedings, the better to
Enable them to know what sum or sums of Tobac° to
demand and require of the Sherriff of the County for the
use of their Parish aforesaid, as by this Act hereafter shall
be raised for the uses aforesaid, —
[Tax of forty pounds of tobacco.]
That is to say, That a Tax or assessment of forty
pounds of tobacco per poll be yearly and in every year
raised and levyed upon every Taxable Person within each
Parrish aforesaid, —
[Sheriff to collect "Forty per poll."]
— and to be collected and gathered by the Sherriff of
the County in manner and form as the publick or County
Levies hitherto have and still are collected and gathered —
[Sheriff to pay the tax to the vestrymen.]
— which said Sherriff is to make punctuall payment of
the said Tax or Assessment to the Vestrymen of each
Parrish as aforesaid, of so much Tobacco as by the Tax
aforesaid shall be raised within each Parrish, —
[Sheriff's commission for collecting tax.]
— the said Sherriff deducting his Salary for collecting
the same, five pounds of Tobacco per cent, —
56 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
[How tax shall be applied.]
— which said Tobacco so Assessed and raised as afore-
said shall always and after the building of the Church or
Chappell within the each Parrish as aforesaid be appropri-
ated and applyed by the Vestrymen aforesaid to the use
and benefit of the Minister of that Parrish if any Minister
[be] Inducted into the same, —
[Tax to be spent for repairs when there is no minister.]
— But if no Minister be Inducted into the Parish,
then the same Tobacco or such part thereof as by the said
Vestry men shall be thought convenient to be kept and
made use on for the necessary reparations of the Church
or Chappell aforesaid or other pious uses at the discretion
of the Vestry men aforesaid.
[Vestrymen authorized to accept donations to the church.]
And to the end that any gift bequest Grant ordination
or appointment by any person or persons which shall be
so piously inclined either by their last Wills and Testaments
or by Deed Executed in their life time to give grant or any-
ways appoint or bestow any sum or sums of Money Tobaccos
Goods or Chattells Lands Tenements or hereditaments of
what nature or kind soever for the use and benefit of any
Minister or Ministers or to the Ministry or Poor of any
Parrish or Parrishes within this Province, the Vestrymen
for the same Parrish by this Act are Impowered and Au-
thorized to take the same into their Custody and Possession
and apply to the use and intent of the Donor or Donors —
[Vestry authorized to sue.]
And the better to enable them to recover and receive
the same, they are hereby fully and absolutely Empoweerd
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 57
Authorized and Qualified to prosecute and maintein any
Action or Actions whatsoever, whether reall personal! or
mixt for the Recovery of all or any the premisses aforesaid
from any Person or persons that shall hold or deteine any
of the goods or chatties Tenements or hereditaments as
aforesaid, given and granted &l otherwise appointed to the
uses aforesaid, or for any damages accruing by any Trespass
upon and in the premisses or any of them, —
[Vestrymen to act as "body corporate. "]
— and in the Prosecution of any Action or accons as
aforesaid to prosecute Act and do in the nature and amply
as a body Politick or corporate might or could do for the
recovering of the same and preserving of the premisses
[Suits to be entered in name of the principal vestryman
with the other vestrymen,]
— in any Action or Actions to be comenced as aforesaid
in the Writt and Declaration and other proceedings of the
same the principall Vestryman shall be named together
with the other his Vestrymen as aforesaid for the Parrish
especially appointed by Act of Assembly any Law Statute
or useage to the contrary hereof in any wise notwith-
[Vestrymen to fill vacancies in vestry.]
And when any Vestryman or Vestrymen shall at any
time hereafter happen to dy or depart this life or out of
the Parish to which he or they belonged. It shall and may
be lawfull to the other Vestrymen who are hereby enjoyned
at their next meeting to make choice of such other able
person or persons residing and being Freeholders in the
58 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
Parrish aforesaid to make up the number of such deceased
absent Vestryman or Vestrymen as aforesaid.
[Date that Act shall become effective.]
This Act as to the raising and Assessing a Support by
the Poll not to commence or be in force untill after the
Tenth Day of March  next, but as to all other parts
thereof, from and after the Publication of the same.
June2"'' 1692 June 2"'^ 1692
Assented to by the Council The house of Assembly
Board. have Assented
Signed p Ord' Signed p Ord'
John Llewellin Clk. Hen: Denton Clk."
' 'The aforesaid Law was signed and Subscribed by the
Governor thus viz'
June 9* 1692
On behalfe of their Maj''" King W"" and Queen
Mary I will these to be laws.
' Arch, Md., Vol. 13, p. 424. This Act was repealed by the Act of 1696,
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 59
"An Act for the Constables Taking a List of Taxables.
— And to the end that no person for the future may be
Ignorant what Persons are Taxables and what not
Be it Enacted by and with the Advice and Consent
aforesaid and the Authority of the same, That all Male
Children born within this Province and Resident in it shall
be taken and Accompted Taxables at the Age of sixteen
years and upwards, and all male Children Servants Im-
ported into this Province at the age of sixteen years and
upwards shall be accompted Taxables, And all Slaves
whatsoever, whether Male or Female Imported or born in
this Province at or above the Age of sixteen years shall
be accompted Taxables and so Rated, And that all freemen
within this Province (Except Clergymen and such poor 8z
Impotent persons that receive Alms from the County)
shall be Taxables above the Age of Sixteen years.
June 2"^ 1692 June the 2"'^ 1692
Signed p. Ord' The House of Assembly have
John Llewellin Clk Assented
Signed p. Ord'
Hen: Denton Clk."^
' Arch. Md., Vol. 13, p. 538. Assembly proceedings.
60 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
"At a Council held at Port of Annapolis.
March y 1695.
The Question :
Ordered that it be referred to M' Attorney & Solicitor
Generall whether the Sherriffs now at present Officiating &
Acting in the late divided Counties can legally continue to
Act in their several places, in the Counties as (by the late
Law) they stand now divided, and whether the Commissions
of the peace S^c" ought not to issue, and that they make
Report of their opinion therein unto this Board with all
speed ; who make the following Return viz'
The Opinion :
We humbly conceive that after the day in the Act of
Assembly mentioned for dividing the Counties, the Sheriff
of each County is not to Act beyond the limits of the
County in the Act mentioned, and for prevention of incon-
veniency and for the better administering Justice, it would
be requisite that the Commission to All Officers Judiciall
8z Ministeriall should be made to take Effect at that time,
in the new Erected County.
(Signed) Geo: Plater [Attorney General]
(Signed) Wm. Dent"^ [Solicitor General]
' Arch. Md., Vol. 20. p. 380. This opinion is quoted here to impress upon
the reader the fact that the boundaries of parishes and counties were official and
that the map (in back of book) of the province showing those boundaries is
based upon that opinion. In otiner words the parish boundaries were made co-
extensive with the country boundaries.
INSTRUCTIONS TO VESTRYMEN
INSTRUCTIONS TO VESTRYMEN
"His Ex"'^ Francis Nicholson, Esq., Cap' Gen" &"""
And his Councellors
Shortly after the passage of the "Act for the Service
of Almighty God and the Establishment of the Protestant
Religion within this Province" the Governor and Council
issued instructions to the Vestrymen throughout the Prov-
There were many things to learn in the management
of the affairs of the Church under the Act of i6g2 and no
doubt the vestrymen were glad to be instructed on such
"At a Council held at the Port of Annapolis
March 4'^ 1695
Order touching the Vestry's, what inside Worke they are
obliged to perform in their Churches
Upon Representation, Ordered that the Vestrymen
of the severall and respective Parishes within this
Province be obliged to perform & see finished, within
their respective parish Churches, no other inside worke
than Viz' plastering the Walls, making the pulpit, the
Reading pew &l Clerks Desk, to provide a Communion
table & Raile in the same; And as for all other pews
& seats, that the severall Parishioners be at charge of
making the same according to their own liking. And
64 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
it is hereby further ordered that the Sheriffs of the
Province give Copy of this Order to the severall Ves-
trys within their respective Precincts."^
"At a Council held at the Port of Annapolis
August 17^ 1695.
Vestrymen Ordered to build Churches, &c^ ^
[Vestrymen to build churches where needed.]
Ordered that the Vestrymen of the Severall and Re-
spective parishes within this Province take all due and
Speedy care for the building of Churches (where wanting) —
[Oathes and test for vestrymen.]
— and for the taking the Oathes & Subscribing to the
[Choosing church wardens.]
— as also chooseing Church Wardens pursuant to the
directions of the Act of Assembly of this Province in that
Case made &i provided ;
[County court houses to be used as churches.]
And that where the Court houses within any of the
Counties of the Province are placed convenient where
Churches may stand or be Erected, that in such case said the
Court houses may be made use of for Churches to perform
Divine Duty & Service in;
'Arch. Md., Vol. 20, p. 388.
* Arch. Md., Vol. 20, p. 283.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 65
[Dorchester County Court House.]
— especially Dorchester County Court house in the
parish of Great Choptanck, so that instead of Building a
church at Cambridge, the Vestrey may build a Chappell of
Ease in some other Convenient place,
[This rule to be observed in other parishes.]
And in like manner other parishes are hereby directed
and Required to Observe and follow the same Rule.
[Appointment of Lay Readers in vacant parishes.]
And it is hereby further Ordered, that where ministers
are wanting in any the said parishes the Vestreymen for
the same appointed take care to provide some sober, dis-
creet person to Read prayers on Sundays,
[Lay Readers appointed to assist ministers of two parishes.]
And where it so falls out that one Minister happens to
Enjoy the benefits & profits of two parishes that then such
Minister provide some sober and discreet person to Read
prayers as aforesaid in that Church those days the minister
shall therein be absent, Provided the whole Forty per poll
be paid such Minister, Requireing such persons diligently
to observe the Reading the first & second Service 6z the
people to stand and kneele as the Rubrick directs;
[Care of Churches.]
And that the churches be decently kept & the Com-
munion Tables Raild in,
[Baptism of children after reading of Second Lesson.]
And Further Ordered that all Children brought to
Church to be baptized be Christened immediately after the
Reading of the Second Lesson
66 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
[Administering the Lord's Supper.]
— & that the Holy Sacrament of the Lords Supper be
administered at least three times every year, Viz*^ Christ-
mas, Easter & Whitsontide ;
[Collecting the "Forty per poll."]
And that where the Forty per poll was not Collected
last year that the same be Collected this year (according
to the Directions of the Order of the last Assembly) for
the Use of the Ministry, Ministers being sent for in and
Expected this Fall ;
[Sheriff to report to the Governor & Council on property
given to the church.]
And lastly Ordered that the Severall Sherriffes of the
province make Strict inquiry of the Justices or other per-
sons living within their respective Counties, if there be
any Glebe Lands or personall Estate bestowed or given
to the Church or towards building of Schooles or other
pious Uses, whereof the Sherriffes are to Return an Ac-
count unto this Board —
[Sheriff to notify vestry of this order.]
— & give Copy of this Order to the Vestry of each
parish within their respective County's and that they sig-
nify to this Board under their hand by the V day of
October next of their having so done, under the pain &
perill which may Ensue for neglect of the same; —
Sheriffs to report number of taxables.
The list of Taxables are then likewise by you to be
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 67
"At a Council held at the Port of Annapolis
August 20'^ 1695
[Churches to be used as Court Houses.]
Ordered that it be Recommended to the house of
Burgesses for a Law to be made that the Church at Mount
Calvert be fitted to serve as well for a Court house as
Church, and so in all other places where the same can
conveniently be done. "'
"At a Council held at the Port of Annapolis-
October 10'^ 1696"
[Order to the Vestrys to dispose of the "Forty per poll.]
Ordered that the Vestrys of the Severall parishes
within this Province take care to dispose of the 40 p poll
(where Ministers are not placed or inducted and where
Churches are actually built) for ready Goods, Money or
bills of Exchange pursuant to Former Ord' Tobacco
being a good comodity this Year; and that the Church
Yards be pail'd pursuant to the late Ordinance of Assembly
the Sherriffs being hereby directed to give a Copy of this
Order to the Severall Vestrys within their respective
"At a Council held at the Port of Annapolis ^
October 10^^ 1696.
[Returns of County Levys and Vestry Proceedings.]
Ordered that the Clerks of the Severall County Courts
and Vestrys make Return of their County Leavys and
Vestry proceedings next December Court, and so from that
time Annually pursuant to the late Act of Assembly, and
that the Sherriffs give them notice thereof."
' Arch. Md., Vol. 20, p. 284.
2 Arch. Md., Vol. 20. p. 523.
3 Arch. Md., Vol. 20, p. 524.
68 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
"At a Council held at the Port of Annapolis^
December 16^ 1696.
[Order to Vestrys to make return about the Churches.]
Ordered that the Vestrys of the respective parishes
within this Province make Return what forwardness the
Churches are in and whether Finished according to Contract
and paid for, and whether the ground the same stand on is
purchased & made secure to the parishion" to the End iif it
should not, and Act of Assembly may be procured for the
Same, and that the Severall Vestrys have the s"* Accounts
ready for his Ex""^^ perusall against he comes and
visitts the s'^ Churches, which (God willing) he intends
very shortly and that the Sherriffs Serve them Severally
with a Copy hereof."
'Arch. Md., Vol. 20, p. 584.
IHE LAW UNDER WHICH THE CHURCH OF
ENGLAND FUNCTIONED UNTIL
THE REVOLUTION IN 1775
Papers Relating to the Validity of the Law and the
Act Providing for the Disposition of the Taxes
"AN ACT FOR THE ESTABLISHM^ OF RE-
LIGIOUS WORSH"" IN THIS PROVINCE
ACCORDING TO THE CHURCH OF
ENGLAND: AND FOR THE
Act of Assembly— March 25'^ 1702.
The defects of the previous similar bills framed by the
Assembly had caused their rejectment and upon the advice
of Dr. Thomas Bray, who had fathered the Act of April
26th, 1700, and who had appeared personally in London
before the Board of Trade and failed to get it passed ; the
Assembly asked the Commissioners of Trade and Planta-
tion to prepare a bill that would be allowed by the Crown
indicating their willingness to pass such as an Act of the
Assembly of Maryland.
The defect in the Act of 1700 was the clause, "Bee it
Enacted by the Authority aforesaid that the booke of
Common Prayer and Admistration of the Sacraments
with other Rites and Ceremonys of the Church According
to the use of the Church of England the Psalter or Psalms
of David and Morning and Evening Prayer therein con-
tained be Solemnly read by all and Every Minister or
Reader in Every Church or other Place of Public Worship
within this Province."'^
' Arch. Md., Vol. 24, p. 2b5. This is the Law under which the Church
functioned for over seventy years.
= .Arch. Md.. Vol. 24, p. 91. For statement of Council in regard to restric-
tions see Letter to Commissioners of Trade and Plantation, page 166.
71 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
This deprived the Quakers and other dissenters of the
benefits of toleration they had enjoyed. Upon receiving a
letter from the "Right Hon*"'" the Lords of Plantation and
Trade" notifying him of the failure to pass the Act of 1700,
Governor Nathaniel Blackiston addressed the Council and
Lower House in joint session on the 16th of March, 1702.
He said in part:
"The Law for Establishing religious worship
in this Province according to the Church of Eng-
land which you made last & sent home is now re-
turned by his Majesty for your Assent. You'll find
the Alterations, that are made but very little, and
that such Visible Amendments to our Advantage be-
ing corrected by so wise an Hand. We ought to be
proud of the pattern in confirming it. If I mistake
not your Journalls of Assembly will make it appear
that this Way was humbly requested by yourselves
in an Address to his Majesty that he would be pleased
to order it to be drawn as he should judge fit and
it be remitted to you for your Concurrence and there-
fore since this Law was so unanimously made by
you I have not the least doubt that any crafty
Inclinations will abate your good Intentions in
confirming so glorious and good an Act; But that
you will cheerfully Join in putting it on foot His
Majesty has been graciously pleased to give us an
handle so to do. That for the future it may not be
within the reach of our opponents to shock it again,
tho their Efforts have proved feeble hitherto yet
you ought not to trust any longer, but Endeavour to
plant it firm to your Posterity which will be a most
lasting Testimonie of your virtues."^
1 Arch. Md., Vol. 24, p. 207.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 73
On Tuesday, March 17th, 1702, the Governor sent the
bill to the Lower House "for your Consideration, and your
Concurrence and Resolutions thereon are desired with as
much speed as conveniently may be."' Owing to the ab-
sence of several of the members of the Lower House, no
action was taken until the 20th of March, at which time a
full attendance of the members allowed the Assembly to
proceed with its consideration. The Council records show
that on the 20th "Came Major Dent and M' [Edward]
Lloyd from the House to desire a Conference of Some
Members of their House with some Members of the Council
upon the Bill proposed for Establishment of religious Wor-
ship within this Province, which Conference was readily
granted when the House shall think fitt. Col. Addison,
Col. Courts, M"" Brooke and Col. Hammond appointed to
conferr with the members assigned by the House."
After the conference at the morning session, the bill
was read the first time. A vote was then taken as to
whether it should pass as it came from England. "Carryed
in the affirmative and ordered that the blanks be filled
up and it be th^ endorsed. Resolved that it pass ivithout any
amendment and ordered to be read ag"" this afternoone."^
It was read the second time in the Lower House and passed;
it also received two readings and was "agreed to" by the
Council at the same session and then sent up to the Com-
mittee to be engrossed.
At the Council meeting on Monday morning, March
23rd, 1702, the Governor read a part of a letter written to
him by Dr.Thos.Bray, under date of July 1 5th, 1 70 1 . Doctor
Bray called attention to the work he had done in England
for the "Law of Religion" and says "My own Time and
Pains in this affaire I willingly make an offering of together
'.Arch. Md., VoK 24. p. 209.
2 Arch. Md., Vol. 24, p. 247.
74 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
with what other Services have been done the Country."
He then states that he expected to be reimbursed for the
outlay of cash (upwards of £50) paid out in soliciting the
passage of the bill before the Board of Trade in England.
A vote of thanks was tendered Doctor Bray by the Upper
and Lower Houses and an order drawn to reimburse him
for that which he had "disbursed in negotiating the said
affair about the Act for Religious Worship."^
At the Afternoon session on March 23 rd, the bill re-
ceived its third reading in the Council and sent to the
Lower House by Col. Addison and Mr. Brooke, where it
received its final reading and approval.
"An Act for the Establishment of Religious
Worship in this Province according to the Church
of England and for the Maintainence of Ministers^
[March 25"^ 1702]
For as much as in well grounded Xpiom comon
Wealths Matter concerning Religion and the honour of
God ought in the First place, to be taken into considera-
tion. And honest Endeavour to Attaine to such good end
Countenanced and Encouraged as being not only most
Acceptable to God ; but the best way and Means to Obtaine
his mercy and blessing upon a People or Country.
[Use of Book of Common Prayer authorized.]
L Be it therefore Enacted by the Kings most Excellent
Maj'' by and with the Advise and consent of this pres-
'Arch. Md., Vol., 24, p. 254.
2 Arch. Md., Vol. 24, p. 265.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 75
ent General! Assembly; And by the Authority of the same
that the book of Common Prayer and Administracon of
the Sacraments with other Rites and Ceremonys of the
Church According to the use of the Church of England;
The Psalter or Psalmes of David. And Morning and Eve-
ning Prayer therein Conteyned be Sollemnly read by all
and Every Minister or Reader in Every Church which now
is or hereafter shall be settled and Established within this
[Defines "Established Churches."]
And that all Congregations and Places for Publick
Worship, according to the usage of the Church of England
within this Province for the Maintenance of whose Minis-
ters, and the persons OfYiciateing therein any certaine in-
come or Revenue is or shall by the Laws of this Province
be Established and Enjoyned to be raised or paid shall be
deemed Settled and Established Churches;
[Tax for the "Maintenance" of Ministers.]
And for the Encouragement of Faithfull and able
Ministers Labouring in the Worke of the Gospell to come
and reside in this Province.
II. Bee it Enacted by the Authority aforesaid that a
Tax or Assessm' of Forty pound of Tob° per Poll be Yearly
and every Year Successively Levy'^ upon every Tax-
able Person within each respective Parish within this Prov-
ince. As they have been ; now are or here After shall be
laid out Limitted or Appointed; by Laws of this Province;
And entered upon Record As the said Former Laws therein
76 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
[Disposition of "Forty per poll" tax.]
Which said Assessment of Forty pounds of Tob° p
Poll shall alwayes be Paid and Allowed to the Minister of
each respective Parish haveing noe other Benefice to Offici-
ate in ; Presented ; inducted or Appoynted by his Excell"^ The
Governour or Comander in Cheife for the tyme being —
[Clerk of parish church.]
And every such Minister is hereby Required and En-
joyned to Appoynt And Constantly to Keep a Clerk of
Such Parish Church; and to pay and Satisfye such Clerk
the Sume of One Thousand Pounds of Tob° yearly and
Every year out of the Said Fourty p. poll ; —
[Prevention of illegal marriages.]
And to prevent all illegall and Unlawful Marriages;
not allowable by the Church of England ; but forbidden by
the Table of Marriages,
III. Bee it Enacted by the Authority aforesaid; That
noe Minister, Preist or Magistrate shall Presume to joyne
Together in Marriage any Person whatsoever contrary to
the Table of Marriage; by this Act Appoynted to be sett
up in Every Parish Church within this Province ; Under the
penalty of Five Thousand pounds of Tob° Nor shall any
Person Forbidden to Intermarry by such Table of Marriage
p'"sume to be joyned in marriage Under the Like Penalty of
Five Thousand pounds of Tob° such Penalty and For-
feiture ; on either side ; to be made to our Soveraigne Lord
the King ; his heires and Successors, for the uses in this Act
hereafter menconed ;
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 77
[Who shall perform marriage ceremonies.]
And to prevent Any Lay Person From Joyning any
Persons in Marriage ; Where any Minister or Prest cann be
had; And to Assertaine what shall be paid for Marriages.
IV. Hee it likewise Enacted by the Authority Aforesaid
that in every Parish where any Minister or Incumbent
shall reside & have Charge of Souls therein; noe Justice or
Majestrate being a Lay man shall Joyne any Person in Mar-
riage; Under the Penalty of Five Thousand Pounds of Tob°
For such Offence; To our Soveraigne Lord the King; as
And it Shall be Lawfull to every Minister; To take and
receive of Every Person or Persons by him Married the
Sume of Five shillings Sterling and noe more.
[Place of marriage ceremony.]
Provided such Persons come to such Parish Church or
Chappell at time of Divine Service for Solemnizeing such
[Sheriff to collect "Forty p. poll" tax.]
And for the better and more effectually collecting the
said Duty of Fourty Pound of Tob° p. Poll ; and paying
this same to the uses by the Law intended and Appoynted.
V. Bee it Enacted that the Sherriffe of each Severall
County shall and is hereby obliged to Collect and gather
the said Assessment of Forty p. poll of the Severall persons
within each respective Parish in his County; in the same
maner. And by the same authority as the Publick and
County Levys are Collected; —
78 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
[To whom paid.]
and shall pay the same Forty Pounds p. Poll to the
Minister or incumbent in each respective Parish ; —
[Authority for vestrys.]
And the better to Promote the Execution of the good
Laws of this Province ; soe farr as Concerns the Respective
Parishes. And for the more Easey Dispatch of Parish
VI. Bee it Further Enacted by the Authority aforesaid,
by and with the Advice and Consent aforesaid; that there
be Select Vestrys, in each Parish of this Province; and
that the severall Vestrymen of the Severall Parishes within
this Province, That now are or hereafter shall be Chosen,
be such select Vestry ; —
[Number of vestrymen.]
■ — Of which Vestry the Number shall always be Six at
least. Except upon Death or Resignation or other Dis-
charge of any of them; according to the Provision herein
[Filling vacancies in vestry.]
To that purpose and in such case of Death or Resig-
nacon or other Legall Discharge from serveing the re-
maining part of such Vestrys shall with all convenient
Speed Sumon & Appoynt a Generall meeting of all the
Inhabitants of the said Parish; —
[Voters must be freeholders.]
— Who are Free holders within the same Parish; and
Contribute to the Public Taxes & Charges of the said
Parish ; —
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 79
[Vestrymen must be freeholders.]
— who shall by Majority of Voyces Collect and
Choose one or more Sober and Discreet Person or persons
Freeholders of each Respective Parish To supply such
[Oath required of a vestryman.]
And such Person or Persons soe Ellected and Chosen
shall take the Usuall oath appoynted by Act of Parliament
instead of the Oath of Allegiance and Supremacy ; and the
Following Oaths viz. I doe Solemnly Swear and Declare that
I will Justly and truly Execute the trust or Office of a
Vestryman of this Parish. According to my best skill and
Knowledge; without P'judice Favor or Affeccon; —
[Oath administered by justice of peace]
— which said Oath at the Elleccon of a New Vestry
are to be Administered by any Justice of the Peace of the
County ; City or Place ; where such Vestry is who is hereby
required and Impowered to Administer the same.
[Additional Oaths administered by either justice of peace
or the "First Vestryman."']
And upon Elleccon Afterwards either by A Justice of
Peace as aforesaid or the First Vestryman who is hereby
likewise required & Impowered to Administer the same;
[Additional oaths for vestrymen.]
And each person soe Elected and Chosen; shall like-
wise subscribe the Test; And alsoe the Association and
haveing soe Done, and not before shall be Deemed and
taken as one of the Vestry. To all intents and purposes.
' Repealed May 1st, 1704, Arch. Md., Vol. 24, p. 418.
80 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
[Two new vestrymen chosen annually.]
VII. And it is hereby further ordained and Enacted by
the Consent and Authority afores"' that Two new Vestry-
men shall be Annually Chosen in the Places of Two Others
who shall be Left out ;
[Annual elections to be on Easter Monday.]
To w'^'^ purpose all the Inhabitants of every Parish
being Freeholders within the same Parish ; and Contributing
to the Publick Taxes and Charges thereof, or such of them
as shall think fitt to Attend; shall repaire to theire re-
spective Parish Churches, every Year Successively upon
[Freeholders to name retiring vestrymen.]
And there by their Free Choyce, declare what Two
Persons shall be Discharged from their being Vestrymen;
And Chuse Two others Qualify'd according to this Present
Act; in their stead & Room who takeing the Oaths and
performing all other things required by this present Act or
other the Laws of this Province for Vestrymen; Shall be
Deemed and taken to be members of the said Vestry; To
all intents and purposes.
[Minister to be one of the vestry.]
Provided alwayes that in every Parish where any Min-
ister or Incumbent is or shall be Lawfully according to the
Laws and usages of this Province Appointed; and in pos-
session of any Liveing invested with the 40 p. Poll ; and
resideing therein he shall Dureing the continuance afors''
and noe longer, be one of the Vestry of such Parish ; and
Principall of such Vestry; Although there be the Number
of Six persons or more beside ;
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 81
[Register of parish appointed.]
And for keeping a faire Register of all such Vestrys
proceedings and for Registring of all births Marriages and
Burialls; in each Respective Parish.
VIII. Bee it Enacted by the Authority advice and
consent aforesaid. That each Vestry shall and is hereby
Obliged to provide a fitt Person for a Register ; who shall at
all times keep a true and faire Registry of the Sevall pro-
ceeds of Such Vestry from time to time in Executeing their
trust and Authority; and making just and true entrys
which Person soe to be Appointed for keeping such
Registry, shall take the Oath substituted in the place of the
Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy and Subscribe the Test
and Association; and alsoe an oath to be given him by the
said Vestry; which oath the said Vestry are hereby im-
powered To Administer accordingly for the due and Faith-
full Executeing his said Office ; before he shall be Admitted
into the said Office;
[Register to record vestry proceedings, etc.]
And shall make due entry of all Vestry proceedings
and of all Births, Marriages and Burrials (Negroes and
Mullattoes excepted) That is to say the Christian and Sir
name; with the day moneth and year of every such Births,
Marriages or Burryalls;
[Inhabitants of parish to furnish information.]
To which purpose all and every the Inhabitants of
each Parish that are either Parent, Guardians, Overseers,
82 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
Masters or Mistresses of any person, borne Married or
buried, are hereby Injoyned and required. To give Notice,
to the Register of such Parish within two Moneths after
such Birth, Marriage or Buriall;
and pay him six pence for entrying it at the time of
giveing Notice aforesaid
[Penalty of inhabitants for not giving information.]
— under the Penalty of one hundred pounds of Tob°
To be forefeited by such Inhabitants Aforesaid; Refuseing
or neglecting as aforesaid —
[Penalty of Register for refusing or neglecting to make
— under the penalty of one hundred pounds of Tob°
To be forefeited by such Register refuseing or neglecting to
enter it; haveing received his fee for the same.
[Register to show records of parish.]
And such Register is hereby Obliged To shew any
Person or Persons Reasonably desireing it any such Register,
give a Cert, of any Births, Marriages or Burialls That
shall be reasonably required of him; —
— and Shall have for Fees from such person; Six pence,
for any Search, and Six pence for any Copy or Cert given
as aforesaid and noe more;
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 83
[Ratifying previous parish records.]
— hereby Ratefying & confirming as Vallid all Regis-
ters, or Entrys of any Births, Marriages, or Burialls here-
tofore made with any Clarke of any County Court accord-
ing to the direccons of such Laws, as were then in force,
before any of those Laws were in being.
[Providing record books.]
And that the Register of each Parish may be enabled
to performe the Charge hereby required of him.
IX. Bee it Enacted by the Authority Advice and con-
sent Aforesaid, That if there be any Vestry of any Parises
that has not already Provided good and Substantiall
Writeing books; well bound sufficient for registring such
proceedings, in according to the direccons of the former
[Penalty for not providing record books.]
— that in every such case of such neglect or omission
the Vestry of such parish shall at the Parish charge. Pro-
vide such book or books within Six moneths from the end
of this Session of Assembly under the Penalty of Five hun-
dred pounds of Tob" each Vestryman (the minister only
excepted) neglecting as aforesaid. To our Soveraigne Lord
the King, for the uses within menconed :
[Vestry meetings once a month.]
And that there may be noe neglect in the Vestry of
those Employ'd under them in the Lawfull and con-
scionable Performance of theire Severall charges. The
said Severall Vestrys are hereby obliged to meet once in
every moneth, or as often as need shall require —
84 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
[Public notice of vestry meetings.]
— upon publick notice given by the Principall Vestry-
man of each Parish To Consult of the methods and ways
of performing the severall Authorityes reposed in them.
[Penalty for absence of vestrymen.]
And from which Vestry soe Appointed, noe Vestryman
being Personally summoned shall without a Lawfull or
reasonable Excuse Absent himselfe under the Penalty of
such Fine or Mulct as the residue of the said Vestry meet-
ing shall Lay upon them, soe as the same never Exceeds
One hundred pounds of Tob° —
[Authority to vestrymen for calling a meeting.]
— and upon default or neglect in such Principall
Vestryman as is before menconed to Suirion a Vestry
when there is need for one, and he is thereunto requested
any other Three of the Vestry or if there shall happen by
any Accident To be but Two of the said Vestry, beside
the Principall Vestryman resideing in the said Parish, such
Three or Two shall have power and Authority To Sumon
and Appoint a Vestry to be holden: —
[Record of vestry proceedings to be kept in register.]
And all such omission and neglects to be noted in the
Vestrys Reg"' of proceedings And any forfeiture thereby
incur'd to be recovered in his Majesty's name —
[Table of marriages to be provided.]
— and the said severall and respective Vestrys are
hereby further Enjoyned That where there is not Tables
of Marriages already put up in theire respective Parish
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 85
Churches, with all convenient Speed, and within Six
moneths at the most To procure a faire Table of Mar-
riages Transcribed and sett up In theire respective
Churches and the same keep continually in theire said
Churches and persons being thereby informed what Mar-
riages are forbidden may avoyd the Contracting of any
such unlawfull marriages.
[Church wardens appointed each year.]
And that the said Vestrymen & the rest of the In-
habitants of every Parish being free holders within the
same Parish and contributing to the Publick Taxes and
charges there doe once every year upon Easter Munday
yearly make Choyce and Appoint Two sober and Discreet
Persons freeholders of their respective Parishes: To be
Church Wardens for that year.
[All freeholders of parish vote on church wardens.]
All the Inhabitants of every Parish, being freeholders
within the same Parish and contributing to the Publick
Taxes and charges thereof. Have in Liberty alsoe To
vote in the Choyce of Church wardens. —
[Penalty of vestrymen for nonperformance of duty.]
— each Vestryman Expecting as before Excepted
being under the Penalty of Two hundred pounds of Tob°
for neglecting either to procure a Table of Marriages or
to Appoynt Church Wardens; To our Soveraigne Lord
the King as aforesaid, —
[Oath of church wardens.]
— which Church Wardens soe Chosen shall Take the
usuall Oaths. And likewise declare on his Oath to be
86 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
Administered unto him by the Vestry to whome power
is hereby given. To Administer the same Accordingly;
well and Faithfully to Execute that Office for the En-
sueing year: According to the Lawes and Usages of the
said Province to the best of his Skill and power and
untill he shall be thereof duly Discharged.
[Fines for church wardens.]
And any such person or persons soe Chosen Church
Warden or Wardens; that shall wilfully refuse To Serve
in the said Office and take the Oaths aforesaid : shall be
find one thousand pounds of Tob° To our Soveraigne Lord
the King: —
[Church wardens and vestry to see that parochial charges
And the Church Wardens and Vestry are Authorized
and required To take constant care To satisfye and pay
the Parochiall charges and all necessary repaires and
Amendm'^ of theire respective Churches, Chappels or
Church yards, and cause the same at all time to be re-
paired and Amended as need shall require : —
[To be paid out of gifts to the parish.]
— out of such gifts, goods or Chattels, as shall come to
their hands for the Church or Parish use: and the pay-
ment of with Parochiall charges.
[Fines to be levied by church wardens.]
All the Fines forefeitures and Mulcts, by this Law
incurr'd shall be Levyed by the Church Wardens in each
respective Parish. And by them accordingly Applyed;
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 87
and in Case they shall not have sufficient Effects to pay
Parochial! charges as aforesaid or to make such necessary
repaires as is required : —
[Justices of county courts to assess ten pounds of tobacco.]
Then and not otherwise it shall be Lawfull for the
Justices of the County Courts upon Applycacon of such
parish Vestry and Church Wardens, To Assess the re-
spective parishes by a certaine sume of Tob° not exceed-
ing Tenn pounds of Tob° by the Poll in any one year: —
[Sheriff authorized to collect tax.]
— which Assessm"^ made by such County Court :
And a Certificate thereof under the County Seale shall he
sufficient to the Sherriff of such County to Levy such
Tax by the Poll on the Taxables of such Parishes in the
same maner as other Public dues are Levyed —
— and shall not deduct above Five p. hundred for his
[Church maintenance tax paid to vestry.]
— and pay the same to such Vestry for the use afore-
[Defines the purposes of this Act.]
And to the intent that this Act may Answer the end
of the makers, which is that his Ma'^" Good Subjects
of this Province may be instructed in Religion and therein
of their Duty to God, his Ma*^^^ and themselves, And
those pious and Exemplary persons that shall Labour
therein Suitably provided for —
88 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
[Ministers limited to two parishes.]
X. Bee it Enacted by the Authority Advice and con-
sent aforesaid, that no Minister or Incumbent shall at one
time hold more than two parishes —
[Minister's hold two charges subject to vestrys of the two
— nor Two [parishes] unless by the desire or Agree-
ment of the Vestry of the said Adjacent parish and con-
sent of the Vestryes where he resides. And appoyntment
of the Ordinary,
[Lay Readers appointed by vestry and licensed by the
— and where there are not or shall not be Ministers
in any Parish it shall and may be Lawfull to the Vestry
To provide some Sober and Discreet person as a Reader,
And present him to the Ordinary, —
[Lay reader's Salary.]
— who may Sequester part of the Forty pounds p.
poll; To pay him for such Service;
[Remainder of "Forty p. poll".]
And the rest to be Apply'd as the Law' in cases of
such Vacancies directs.
[Lay Readers' oaths and license.]
And upon such Readers takeing the Aforesaid Oathes
Appoynted by Act of Parliament; Subscribing the Test
and Association, and procureing Lycence from the Ordi-
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 89
[Lay Reader's duty.]
— shall and may read Divine Service, Homilies and
such other good Authors of Practicall Divinity as shall be
Appointed; at the usuall Times in such Churches or
Chapp"^ and therein shall Demean himself according to the
Lyturgy of the Church of England as aforesaid: —
[Vestry meetings dates fixed.]
And for the Preventing of Delayes and other incon-
veniences which might happen if there were a necessity
for the Expecting the Attendance and presence of all the
said Vestrymen; And at the same time to prevent the
doeing of any thing of Consequence by Surprize by a
small number of them. —
XI. Bee it hereby Enacted, That the First Tuesday in
Every Moneth shall be and is hereby fixt and Ascer-
tained for holding a Vestry at a Eleaven of the Clock in
the Forenoon in the usuall place for that purpose, without
any notice or warning to be given thereof, —
[Number constituting a vestry meeting.]
— at which time and Place, the major part of the
Vestrymen then present (soe as such Majority be not
under the number of Three persons) shall be esteemed a
[Authority for vestry to act.]
And shall have full power to ord' Direct and Act in
all things, by this Act Appoynted. To be done According
to this Act as a Vestry; —
90 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PRO\'IN'CE OF MARYLAND
[Vestryman to be removed for non attendance.]
And that in case any Vestryman shall remove or
with draw himselfe from the Parish or Voluntarily or
Freequently neglect to give his Attendance, and Absent
himselfe from the Vestry or otherwayes become unfitt or
Incapable to continue To execute the said Office or Trust,
that in any such case the residue of the said Vestry or the
majority of them (soe as such majority be riot under the
number of Three persons) shall and may have power After
personall Notice given to such party if it conveniently
may be, or the affixing of a publick notice upon the great
Door of the Church for three Several! Sundays Succes-
sively. If personall notice can not be given without great
Difficulty charge or Delay, of their Intentions to proceed
in such manner To remove such person from being a
Vestryman and to declare his Office voyd —
[Electing new vestrymen in usual way.]
— to Sufnon a meeting of the Parishioners Qualified
as is above Directed for the Electing another in the place
of such person (who shall after Allowing a reasonable
time to such person to make his complaint if he Appre-
hend himselfe injuryed not exceeding a Fortnight) Pro-
ceed to a new Election accordingly —
[Register must show vestry books and parish accounts.]
And that there may not be any appression' or mis-
applycacon of the publick Revenue by such Vestrys or
just cause of Complaint Against them in any of theire
proceedings without redress.
XII. Bee it Enacted by the Authority advice and con-
sent aforesaid, that all and every Parishioner and Pa-
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 91
rishioners whatsoever who contribute to the Publick Taxes
and charges of the said Parish shall and may require the
Register herein before menconed. At any reasonable or
Convenient time or Times to give them an Inspection of
the Vestry books and Accompts of all every theire orders
[Register to make copy of records.]
And shall and may take Copy thereof paying a
reasonable Fee for the same according to the length
thereof, and the trouble of Attendance.
[Appeals from parish records to be made to the Governour
or Deputy Governour and Councill.]
And that all and every Person and persons whatsoever
who shall find or Apprehend him her or themselves
grieved or Injuried, or that the body of the Parish is in-
juried or Appressed by any Acts, Orders, Rules, Ac-
counts or other proceedings of any such Vestry. The
partyes soe injuryed or any other in their behalfe or in
right of the whole body may from time to time Appeale
for Redress against all and every such orders Accounts
and other proceedings. To the Governour or Deputy
Governour for the time being, and Councill of the said
[Decision of Governour and Council to be final.]
— who are hereby required and impowered to Ex-
amine, hear and Determine, all and every such Appeale
and Complaints for Redress. And to give Redress as
they in theire Judgm' shall think agreeable to Justice and
Equity; and such their order Judgm' and Decree; shall
92 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
be finall & bind all parties; the right of Appeal being
alwayes Reserved to his Ma'^' in Councill according to
the Lawes of this Province —
[Exemption of dissenters and Quakers.]
Provided alwayes that every of his Ma'^"' Prot-
estant Subjects within this Province; Decenting from the
Church of England. As to matters relateing to the Wor-
shipp and Service of Almighty God And the Decenters
Comonly called Quakers in all matters relateing To the
takeing of Oathes and all protestant Decenters whatsoever
as to all discharges and Exemplicacon from penaltyes or
forfeitures upon Ace' of theire Desenting Separate meet-
ings or other matters wherein Tolleracon and ease is
granted. To Protestant Decenters by one Act made in
the First Year of the reigne of his present Ma'^'' and
his late Consort Queen Mary of Blessed Memory En-
tituled An Act for Exempting theire Ma'^*"^ Protestant
Subjects Decenting from the Church of England from the
Penaltyes of Cert Lawes; And by another Act made in
the 7'^ and 8"^*" years of the Reigne of his present Ma""^
Intituled An Act that the Solemn Affirmacon or Declar
of the people called Quakers shall be Accepted instead of
an oath in the Usual forme, Shall have the full benefitt of
all Exemptions ease and Indulgence by the said Acts
granted and allowed according to the True intent and
meaning of the s'' Acts they respectively confirming
themselves in theire meeting and Assembling.
[Jurisdiction of local Justices of Peace.]
And all other things to the ord' and rules Enjoined
by the said Acts with this Alteracon only that the severall
things required or appointed by the s'^ Acts to be done
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 93
by or at the Gen^^ or Quarter Session of the Peace or any
other Court whatsoever or by Two or to any one single
Justice of the Peace shall be done by to and at the re-
spective County Courts of this Province within whose
Jurisdiction the matter shall fall out ; and before to or by
the Justices of the same.
[Dissenters' places of worship to be registered.]
And that the severall places used for Religious wor-
sh"'' by any such Decenting Congregacon or Assembly
shall be Certified unto and Register'd at the s'' County
Court, in the same maner, as is by the said first men-
coned Act appointed to be done, To the Bishop of the
Diocesse, The Arch Deacon of the Arch Deaconary, and the
Justices of the Peace At theire generall or Quarter Sessions.
[Repeal of Act of 1700.]
Provided alsoe and
XIII. Be it further Enacted, that one Act made at a
Gen" Assembly, begun and held at the Port of Annapolis
the 26"*^ day of Aprill 1700 Intituled an Act for the Ser-
vice of Almighty God, and Establishm"^ of Religion in
this Province According to the Church of England, &c
Bee and is hereby repealed and made voyd."
"The Governor endorsed the bill in these words viz"
"On behalfe of his most Sacred Maj'''^ King William the
Third &c I will these to be Laws'
March 25th, 1702.=
> Arch. \Id., Vol. 24. p. 264.
' It is apparent that the news of the death of King William which occurred
on the 8th of March had not reached the Province of Maryland at the time this
bill was passed.
94 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
"Which being done his Ex^^ was pleased to Seale
them with the Broad Seale of this Province ,
Thereupon M'. Speaker and the rest of the Members were
prorogued (until 25th of April) accordingly.
Soe ended the Second Sessions of the Assembly on
Wednesday the 25^ day of March Anno Dni. 1702 and in
the 1 4"^ yeare of the Reigne of our Sovereigne Lord Wil-
liam the third by the Grace of God of Engl'^ Scotl'*
France and Ireland King defender of the faith, 6/"
Clk: house Dell. "1
'Arch. Md., Vol. 24, p. 264.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND P5
VALIDITY OF THE ACT OF 1702
"At the Court of S' James'
IS'^ January 1702/3
Present the Queen's Maj'"^ in Councell
Whereas — By Powers granted under the Great Seal of
England, the Governor, Council and Assembly of
her Maj"^' Province of Maryland have been
authorized and impowered to constitute and
ordaine Laws, Statutes and Ordinaries which
are to be in force until her Maj"*^ pleasure shall
be signified to the Contrary, and
Whereas — Pursuant to the said powers an Act has been
lately passed by the Governor, Council and As-
sembly of the said Province entitled 'An Act for
the Establishment of Religious Worship in this
Province according to the Church of England
and for the Maintenance of Ministers' which said
Act having, upon the perusal of the Lords
Com" of Trade and Plantation been p'scribed
by her Maj'"^ for her approbation of this Board.
Her Maj''^ with the advice of her Governor and Council is
pleased to declare her approbation of the same.
Pursuant to her Maj''" pleasure herein signified, the said
Law is hereby confirmed and finally enacted and
[Deputy Secretary of the Plantation Office]
• Vestry Proceedings, All Saints Parish, Calvert County.
96 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
"Maryland s s
By the Honorable Presid"' & Councell
22"'' June 1703
Ordered that her Maj"" most Sacred Maj""
Royall Assent to the Act of Religion (as above)
be published by the severall Minist' at the
parish Churches the First Tuesday in August.
Signed p order
At A Vestry Meeting
3^^ August 1703
This day according to the Order of the President
and Council was published her Maj''" Royall
Assent to the Act of Religion. The vestry
being present. M"' Thos. Cockshutt, M' W*"
Dalrumple, M' James Heigh, M' Ed*- Baleter
and M' Joseph Hall."^
' Vestry Proceedings, All Saints Parish, Calvert County.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLANH ^7
BASIS OF CLAIM THAT THIS ACT WAS VOID
"The following facts may be premised as the case —
King William deceased on the 8'*^ of March 1701/2; the
assembly, which was therefore called in the usual manner
met on the 16'*" of the same month, and during its sitting
passed the Act in question, without the possibility of
knowing, that such an event had taken place. Governor
Seymour the successor of Governor Blackistone, who
summoned the assembly upon his arrival, on the 11'^ of
April, 1704, found the same assembly existing, that had
been called, by his predecessor, in the name of King Wil-
liam; so that there were three several seccessions of
assembly held, after the demise of King William, to wit,
in June 1702, in October 1703, and in April 1704."'
"The Act of 1701/2 under which the claim was pre-
ferred was passed by a House of Delegates chosen under
writs of election issued the name of King William, the
Government [of Maryland] being then in the hands of
the Crown. A few days after the decease of this King
and without any fresh writs of election or summons, the
Assembly was convened and the Act in question was passed.
It was now  contended that by the death of the king
that Assembly was dissolved ; and that this Act being passed
thereafter, was absolutely void, and not susceptible of con-
firmationby subsequent acts merely presuming its existence.
The opinions of Mr. Hollyday and Mr. Dulany,
sustaining the validity of the Act; and those of Mr. Paca
and Mr. Chase in opposition to it, have been preserved
and are remarkable for their ingenious views and pro-
The American Revolution settled the controversy over the
validity of the Act of 1702 before it reached the courts.
' Chalmers, Opinions of Eminent Lawyers, p. 303.
2 McMahon, History of Maryland, p. 399.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
DISPOSITION OF "FORTY PER POLL."
"At a Council held at the Port of Annapolis
Friday, March 20^ 1702.
His Excellency the Governour, (Nathaniel Blackiston)
Col. John Addison Col. Edw"^ Lloyd
Thomas Brooke, Esq' Lt. Col. W" Holland
Col. John Courts James Saunders E^q'
And this Board being of opinion that all Tob° raised
by the 40 "^ p. Poll whilst no incumbent in the Parish and
lodged in the Vestry's Hands is not the right of any minister
who are only by law entituled to that part of the 40 "'■ p.
Poll proportionable to such Time they shall officiate in
their respective Parishes, and that such Tob° ought to be
applyed by the Vestry for the use of the Parish."^
1 Arch. Md.. Vol. 24, p. 217.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 99
DISPOSITION OF TOBACCO TAX^
Repair Churches, Buy Land, Stock for Glebes, etc.
Act of 1704
"An Act to Declare how the forty pounds of Tobacco
p. poll in such Parishes where there is no Incumbent shall
be disposed of.
Whereas by an Act of Assembly made at a Generall
Assembly begun and held at the Port, of Annapolis the
twenty sixth day of April One thousand Seven hundred and
two Entituled an Act for the Service of AllmightyGod and
Establishment of Religion in this Province according to the
Church of England, ^ic" There is no provision made where
there is a Vacancy or no Incumbent in a Parish how or to
what use the forty pounds of tobacco p. Poll shall be
Therefore the Burgesses and Delegates of this present
Generall Assembly pray that it may be Enacted and —
[Vestrymen to have control.]
I. Be it Enacted by the Queens most excellent Ma-
jesty by and with the advice and Consent of her Majesty's
Governour Councill and Assembly of this Province and the
authority of the same. That what tobacco of the s'^ forty
p. poll hath, is or shall become due in any Parish where
there is hath or shall be no incumbent the said tobacco
shall be Employed and applyed to and for the uses follow-
ing (that is to say) by the Vestrymen of each respective
' Arch. Md.. Vol. 24, p. 420.
100 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
[Vestrymen to use it for repairing Churches, etc.]
• — who are hereby Empowered to dispose thereof for
and toward the repairing such Churches as are all ready
built finishing and Compleating the insides thereof as the
said Vestrymen shall think fitt or for the purchasing a
Pulpit Cloth Cushion bible or Common Prayer book or
Church Plate for the use of the said Church
[Confirming Vestry's Action.]
And of any Vestry hath already applyed or laid out
the said Tobacco or any part thereof to the uses aforesaid
such application or disposals is hereby Confirmed.
[To build new Churches.]
II. And be it further Enacted by the Authority afore-
said by and with the Advice and Consent af"^ that in
Any Parish where the Church is old or so out of repaire
as not fitt to be made use of and shall be so adjudged by
the Vestrymen of such Parish It shall and may be Law-
full to and for such Vestrymen to apply the said forty
pounds of tobacco p. poll for the building of a new one —
[Empower the Vestrymen to buy land.]
And it hath or shall so happen by reason of a Long
Vacancy in such Parish that there shall be no occassion to
apply the said Tobacco to the uses afd or of any such to-
bacco after such application hath or shall remaine in the
hands of the Vestry The Vestry s'' are hereby directed and
Empowered to purchase therewith either a plantation with
a Tract of Land or a Certaine Tract of Land as near and
contiguous to the Churche belonging to such Parishes as
may be (and if there be no Church in such Parishes then to
purchase a tract of Land as may be most Convenient for
the Inhabitants thereof and build a Church thereon)
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 101
[Property to be known as Glebe.]
Which Plantation or Land shall be and forever remaine
as a Glebe to the use of the ministers of such Parish for the
time being who shall be Lawfully inducted and appointed
according to the usage of the Church of England and this
[Surplus Tobacco to be used for "Stocking" the Glebe.]
And if there shall happen in any Parish to be Tobacco
over and above answering the uses aforesaid it shall be
Employed to the Improvement and Stocking such Glebe as
the Vestry Shall Judge most Proper.
[Sheriffs fees for collecting the "forty p. poll."]
And forasmuch as by the said recited act there is
nothing Allowed to the Sheriffe for Collecting the said
forty pounds of Tobacco p. poll and paying the same to the
incumbent or Vestry — ■
III. Bee it Enacted by the Authority af'^ that the
Sheriffs of each respective County shall have allowed him
or them, out of the said forty pounds of tobacco per poll
which they shall pay to such Vestry or incumbent, five
pounds of Tobacco p. cent for Collecting and Paying the
same and no more, any Law Statute or usage to the Con-
May the 2^ 1704 May the 2^ 1704
Read and Assented to by Read and Assented to by
the house of Delegates her Maj'*'^ hon'''^ Councill
W. Taylard W. Bladen
Clk House Del. CI. Council.
102 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
May the third Seventeen hundred and four
On behalf of her most sacred Majesty Anne by the
Grace of God of England Scotland France and Ireland and
the Dominions thereunto belonging Queen Defender of the
I will this to be a law.
Jo. Seymour f 'with the ^
J Great Seal of [
COUNTIES, PARISHES, HUNDREDS, CHURCHES
VESTRYMEN AND MINISTERS, ETC.
"In England the parish may be regarded as essen-
tially an Ecclesiastical institution being defined as the
township or cluster of towns which was assigned to the
ministration of a single priest, etc.
The beginnings of the parochial system are attributed
to Theodore of Tarsus who was Archbishop of Canterbury
toward the close of the seventh century .... The
two systems, the parish and the township, have existed for
more than a thousand years side by side, identical in area
and administered by the same persons and yet separate in
character and machinery.
The boundaries of the old ecclesiastical parishes are
usually identical with those of the township or townships
comprised within its precinct .... many parishes
contain more than one township."^
The work of dividing the counties into parishes by the
Justices and Freeholders showed that they followed the
lines of the hundreds or districts of the counties. Accord-
ing to Webster's Dictionary a "hundred" is a division of a
county supposed to contain a hundred families.
"The origin of these divisions (lathe, soke, tithing,
hundreds, etc.) is generally ascribed to the creative genius
of Alfred [The Great, 849-901] who, according to the popu-
lar theory, divided the country into counties, the county
into hundreds, and the hundreds into tithings, or towns. "^
' Encycl. Brit.. Vol. 18, p. 295 (Qth Ed.).
2 Encycl. Brit., Vol. 12, p. 360 (9th Ed.).
106 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
CHURCHES STANDING BEFORE THE
"Before 1691 there were the following Churches^
County Church Minister
St. Mary's Trinity Rev. Mr. Davis
do St. George's do
do St. Paul's do
Charles Christ Rev. Mr. Moore
do Portobacco do
Calvert Christ Rev. Mr. Turling
do All Faith's do
do St. Paul's do
Baltimore St. George's
do St. John's
Cecil North Sassafras Rev. Mr. Vander-
do South Sassafras do
Kent Kent Island
do St. Paul's
Talbot St. Luke's Rev. Mr. Lillings-
do St. Paul's do
do Wye Revs. Clayland and
Dorchester Dorchester [Trinity] Rev. Mr. Huett
Somerset All Saints Monii Rev. Mr. Huett
Anne Arundel Herring Creek .^
do All Hallows "
' From the manuscript of the late Dr. Ethan Allen, Protestant Episcopal
clergyman, for many years Historiographer of the Diocese of Maryland, Photo-
stat Copy, p. 15.
PROPOSED SEAL FOR THE COL^NTIES OF H^E PRO\ INCE OF MARYLAND
Authorized 1692. Arch. Md.. Vol. 13, f. 290 and Vol. 8, f. 383. It is not now known
that anv of these seals were made.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 107
COUNTIES OF MARYLAND— 1692'
The Provincial Assembly resolved after debate that the
members from the Counties take "precedency"- as follows:
"City of S' Maryes
1. S' Maryes County 6. Baltemore County
2. Kent " 7. Talbott
3. Ann Arundall " 8. Sumersett
4. Calvart " 9. Dorchester
5. Charles " 10. Cecill
There were protests made against this order by the
residents of Kent County. They wanted to be recognized
as the oldest county of the Province. Among other protests
one was presented to the Assembly on Oct. 15th, 1695, and
Mr. Matthew Erexon (Eareckson), an inhabitant of the
"Isle of Kent" was allowed to speak on its merits.^ The
official recognition of this petition and the ruling of the
Council appears as follows:
"Council Chamber May 2'' 1696^
Kent Island petition produced and Ordered sent down [to
the Lower House] with the following endorsement, viz' —
By His Excell'ncy the Gov"' and Council &c. Upon
reading the within Petition it was Ordered that the same be
sent down but with this note that His ExcelP^ will in no
wise Assent to any Alteration contrary to the late Act
and that whereas it is insisted upon that they [the In-
habitants of the Isle of Kent] are the most antient County,
it is Observed that the first People that Inhabited the same
did not acknowledge themselves Belonging to this Province
and therefore are not the most antient County."
' The arrangement of the counties is in accordance with the date of their
erection. Under this plan the parishes are given numbers in accordance with
those of the county in which they were erected.
2 Arch. .VId., Vol. 13, p. 350.
3 Arch. Md., Vol. 19, p. 251.
* Arch. Md., Vol. 19, p. 300.
108 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
THE PARISHES ERECTED IN 1692-1693
1. William and Mary
2. King and Queen
3. Kent Island or Christ Church
4. St. Paul's
5. Herring Creek or St. James
6. South River or All Hallows
7. Middle Neck or St. Ann's
8. Broad Neck or Westminster
9. Christ Church
10. All Saints
11. St. Paul's
12. All Faiths
13. William and Mary or Pickawaxon
14. Port Tobacco
15. Nanjemy or Durham
16. Piscataway or St. John's
17. Patapsco or St. Paul's
18. St. John's or Copley
19. St. George's
20. St. Paul's
21. St. Peter's
22. St. Michael's
26. Snow Hill or All Hallows
27. Great Choptank
29. So. Sassafrax or Shrewsbury
30. No. Sassafrax or St. Stephen's
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 109
I have not been able to find a record of St. Andrew's
Parish having been laid out in 1692 though the Fulham
papers are said to mention it as one of the original
parishes of the Province of Maryland. In 1744 a St. An-
drew's Parish was erected in St. Mary's County. It would
seem probable that it would have been erected in Cecil
County had all of the territory of that County been taken
into consideration. North Sassafras Parish, in Cecil
County, apparently did not cover all of the part of the
county which lay north of the Sassafras River at that
no THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
ST. MARY'S COUNTY
Named in honor of the Blessed Virgin Mary,
the landing in St. Mary's of the Colonists
having been made on the Feast of the An-
nunciation, March 25th, 1634.
ST. MARY'S COUNTY (erected 1637) bounds began at
Point Lookout thence with the Potomac river
No. 1 to the southern boundary of Charles County,
then in an easterly direction to a line parallel-
ing the 'Three Notched Road," then the line ran to Pyne
Hill creek or river, then down this creek to the Chesapeake
bay and thence to the place of beginning. It will be ob-
served that St. Mary's county did not extend to the Patux-
ent river; the "Three Notched Road" practically divided
it from Calvert county on the north.
Shortly after the "Establishment" the lines were
changed (1695), and are described in the Assembly records'
as follows: "St. Mary's county Bounds begin on the lower
side of Birds [now Budd's] creek on the Potomock river and
so runne to the lower side of Indian creek on Potuxent
river — , and that the divisions be straight lines from the
heads of the said creekes."
"S' MARIES COUNTY is divided into Ten Hundreds
besides the City, viz' —
» Arch. Md.. Vol. 23. p. 23
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 111
Poplar Hill (
S' Maries City."^ j
"S' MARIES COUNTY COURT to be kept in S' Maries
City and that the State House there be for a Court
house and Church the Act to take place on the 23*^ of
April next  being S' Georges day."^
■"S' MARIES COUNTY is divided into two Parishes, and
that the same be divided between New Town hun-
dred and Clements hundred by M' Langworths
Branch [now St. Clements river] which leads to the
Petuxant main road and the s'^ branch divides the
said hundreds & parishes the Lower whereof being
called by the Name of William and Mary Parish
and the Upper by the Name of King and Queen
" It was by the Justices and Freeholders of the
said county — met at New Town the day and year
above said — 5^^ day of September 1692."
IN THE REPORT to the Assembly in 1694, July 30th, we
find the following: —
"SAINT MARIES COUNTY is divided into two parishes
which both contain about One thousand Tythables.
1 Church built at S' Georges.
1 Church to be built near Cap"^ Good's.
No minister inducted.
A Glebe at St. Georges of 300 Acres Rented
at 2000 '^' of tobacco per Annum. "^
'Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 17.
2 Arch. Md., Vol. 19, p. 159.
3 Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 17.
* Arch. Md., Vol. 20, p. 106.
112 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
WILLIAM AND MARY PARISH embraced all that
part of St. Mary's County lying between St.
No, 1 Clement's bay and Point Lookout on the
Chesapeake bay. Its boundaries were "the
Potomac river, St. Clement's bay and river, the Calvert
County boundary line, [then near the Three Notched road]
to Pine Hill creek and with Pine Hill creek to the Ches-
apeake, thence down the Chesapeake bay to Point Lookout."^
"VESTRYMEN for William and Mary Parish chosen,
M'' Kenelm Cheseldyne
Maj. John Campbell
M' Robert Mason
M' John Watson
M"" John Llewellin
M' Thomas Beale"^
THE FIRST CHURCH in this parish was St. George's
Church built, about 1642, at Poplar Hill.^ It was the
second Protestant church built in the Province.
MR. THOMAS DAVIES was lay reader in 1691."
Mr. Crawford officiated in 1694,^ no
minister having been inducted. The Rev. Benjamin
Nobbes was rector from 1696 to 1700.*^
' Chronicles of Colonial Maryland, p. 204.
2 Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 17
' Chronicles of Colonial Maryland, p. 205.
'Allen Ms., p. 15.
'Arch. Md., Vol. 20, p. 106.
• B. C. Steiner, Md. Hist. Mag., Vol. 12, p.
CHRIST, BUILT 1737
Chaptico, St. Mary's County
This church succeeds the one built in 1642 by Thomas Gerrard. He presented the
congregation that same year with a glebe.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 113
KING AND QUEEN PARISH extended from St. Clements
bay and river to the extreme end of St.
No. 2 Mary's county as then defined and which
embraced within its limits the territory known
as Newport Hundred, now part of Charles County.
Its boundaries were St. Clements bay and "run"
[then known as "Mr. Langworth's Branch"], the Calvert
County line [near the "Three Notched Road"] to the upper
extremity of Newport Hundred, thence to the headwaters
of Wicomico river [now Zachia's swamp] and with the Wi-
comico river and the Potomac river to the beginning.
'•VESTRYMEN for King & Queen Parish Chosen & ^^
Col. Nehemiah Blackiston
Cap' John Cood
M' Richard Clouds
Cap' John Dent
M' Philip Brisco
M' Jn° Barecraft.i
THE FIRST CHURCH was probably "Newport
Church" then located west of the center of the
parish near Newport. The Episcopal Church of St.
Clements manor on St. Pauls" creek, erected in 1642,
was the third Protestant church built by the Col-
onists. A Chapel built prior to 1692 on Church
"run," stood at Wicomico between Plowden's Wharf
and Bluff Point.- "The church for King & Queen
parish in St. Mary's County is built at Wicomico
on land belonging 1696 to Capt. Gerrard Slye."^
"REV. MR. THOS. DAVIS minister prior to 1691."^
The Rev. Christopher Platts was rector of this
parish in 1696-1700.^
» Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 18.
- Chronicles of Colonial Maryland, Thomas.
' Arch. Md., Vol. 20, p. 585, and Md. Cal. of Wills, Vol. I, p. 48.
* Allen Ms. p. 1 5
« B. C. Steiner, Md. Hist. Magazine, Vol. 12. p. 118.
114 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
Named for the English county of Kent.
KENT COUNTY'S (erected 1642) boundaries went through
many changes prior to the "Establishment"
No. 2 and it may prove of interest to state here the
most important ones.
The Isle of Kent had once comprised the whole of the
Eastern Shore of the Province north of the Choptank river
and in his "History of Maryland" McMahon says "The
subdivision called the Isle of Kent being in its origin, as
was St. Mary's, the name of an undefined settlement, the
County of Kent received its definite limits from the erec-
tion of other counties around it."'
The County of Kent comprised at successive times
parts of Baltimore and Cecil counties and received its
present limits or bounds in 1706. The boundaries in 1692
of Kent county comprised the whole of Kent Island and
that portion of the present county that lies south of a line
that ran from "Buck Neck," at the head of Worton creek,
to some point on Morgan's creek.
The land records of Baltimore county prior to the erec-
tion (in 1674) of Cecil county indicate that the southern
bounds of Baltimore county were as stated in the above
Kent's boundaries became confused by the proclama-
tion erecting Cecil county, and protests from the inhabi-
tants of the lower part of Kent county brought forth another
proclamation as follows: "Forasmuch as by a late Procla-
mation bearing date the sixth day of this instant June some
Additions were made to several counties upon the division
of that of Baltimore County and by the proclamation it
was then declared that Swan Point downe to Hell point on
' McMahon, Hist, of Md,, p. 82.
t^ o <^ ^ ?: o jn
r; cT;'-:r _ ^ ..
c CO a-5 P clC
*" Ia ra tj - ra rj
^ oj::_ uJC a
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 115
Chester River should be and remaine for the future belong-
ing to that Eastern side of the Bay lately erected and called
by the name of Cecill County upon further consideration
hereof it is thought most necessary that so much of the
Eastern side as was formerly added to Kent County doe
still remaine and belong to the said County as afore not-
withstanding that part of the said proclamation, in witness
whereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused the lesser
scale of this Province to be hereunto affixed the IQ'^ day
of June in the 42"'^ Yeare of the Dominion of Cecilius, &c.
Annoq Dmi 1674
"To all whom these may Concern"'
"KENT COUNTY is divided into Seven Hundreds viz'—
Town Hundred Island Hundred
Chester River Lower " Eastern Neck
Langfords Bay " " Chester Upper
Swann Creek " "*
"KENT COUNTY has 2 parishes
1 Church built (Kent Island)
another laid out to be built; but noe min-
Report to Assembly July 30th, 1694.
"KENT COUNTY is divided into two parishes viz' —
Kent Island &i S" Paul's Parish. Kent Island Parish
is bounded Natureally within its Self. S' Paul's
Parish consists of the Rest of the County."^
THE COURT FOR KENT was held in the house of the
prominent freeholders until 1680 at which time a
Court House was built in the town of New
Yarmouth on Gray's Inn Creek. In 1696 it was
abandoned and a Court House built on the present
site at Chestertown.^
' Arch. Md., Vol. 15, p. 41. (Signed by Charles Calvert.)
2 Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 25.
3 Arch. .Md., Vol. 20, p. 107.
< Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 21.
'Arch. Md., Vol. 19, p. 376.
116 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
"KENT ISLAND PARISH is bounded Natureally within
it Self."^ The Chesapeake bay and the Ches-
No. 3 ter river washed its northern and western
shores. Eastern bay and the "Narrows"
divided it from the main land on the east and south. This
parish was also known as Christ Church Parish in 1698.^
"VESTRYMEN for the s'' Parish Chosen S^^ viz'
M' John Coppage
Coll. W"" Laurence
M' Philip Conner
M' Alexander Walkers
M' Edward James
M' Valentine Southern"^
BROAD CREEK CHURCH was erected on Kent Island in
1652 according to the various authorities who have
written of this island parish. The old site is at the
head of Broad creek and it is said that the water in
the creek was deep enough at the time the church
was built to allow boats to land at its doors. It is
near the place supposed to have been selected by
Cleyborn for the holding of divine services when "he
brought the Rev. Mr. Richard James to the Island
Anthony Workman^ left £50 on Sept. 6th, 1708,
' ' for erecting a Church in Christ Church Parish, Kent.
'Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 21.
2 Maryland Calendar Wills, Vol. 3, p. 21.
3 Arch. Md.. Vol. 23, p. 21.
■• Claiborne and Kent Island in Maryland History by DeCoursey W. Thorn.
> Md. Calendar of Wills, Vol. I, p. 1 15.
Stevensnille, Kent Island
This is the successor of the church that was built on Broad Creek about 1652. the
ruins of which are about one mile south of Stevensville. Twenty-one years prior to the
building of the old church the Re\erend Richard James had preached to the settlers
on the " Isle of Kent."
— - j: c
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 117
ST. PAUL'S PARISH "consists of the rest of the County."^
The Chesapeake bay from Worton creek south
No. 4 to the Chester river bounded the parish on the
west, the Chester river also bounded it on the
south and east. The northern line ran from Morgan's creek, a
branch of the Chester river, to the head waters of Churn
•'VESTRYMEN chosen for the s'' Parish & C" viz^—
M' William Frisby
M"' Michael Miller
M' Hans Hanson
M' Charles Tilden
M' Thomas Smyth
M' Simon Wilmore"
ST. PAUL'S CHURCH is the parish church and stands
at the head of Dunn's creek, the Northwest branch of
Langford's bay, amid a grove of giant oaks. The
church was completed in 1713.
THE REV. STEPHEN BORDLEY was sent in 1697 to the
parish to take up the work that had been begun by the
Rev.Mr. Lawrence Vanderbush, the first minister. Mr.
Vanderbush went to St. Paul's in September, 1693 and
not only preached in this parish but also held services in
South Sassafras or Shrewsbury parish. This latter
parish was then within the bounds of Cecil county.
The Rev. Stephen Bordley incumbent 1696.^
By an Act of the Assembly, passed April 4th, 1 697, the division line between
this and Shrewsbury parish was determined and a commission appointed to run
the line and make a report to the Assembly. The bounds of St. Paul's parish were
changed but little when the line was finally run in 1698; the commission finished
its work that year. The following is a partial copy of the Act: "That from and
after the tenth of June 1698 all that land and inhabitants in Chester river abo\e
the riding over of a branch of Morgan's Creek on the east side of William Bate-
man's house and on the north side of a line drawn from the riding over of the
sd branch to the head of a branch of a Creek issueing out of the Bay called Churn
Creek, be Always taken and reputed and be in Shrewsbury parish and All the land
on the South side of the sd Churn Creek and Branch and Division line down the
Bay to the extent of CECIL COUNTY be added to St. Paul's parish in KENT
COUNTY on the North side of Chester River and Always to be Reputed in St.
Paul's Parish anv Law, Custom or Usage to the contrary Notwithstanding."
' Arch. Md'., Vol. 23, p. 21.
2 Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 21.
' B. C. Steiner in Md. Hist. Magazine, Vol. 12, p. 119.
118 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
ANNE ARUNDEL COUNTY
Named for Lady Anne Arundel, the wife of
Cecilius Calvert, second Lord Baltimore.
ANNE ARUNDEL COUNTY'S (erected 1650) southern
boundary was a "line from Herring Creek to
No. 3 the head of Patuxant River. "^
The Chesapeake bay was the eastern
boundary and according to the Act of Assembly of 1722,
Chap. No. 3, the division between Westminster parish in
Anne Arundel and the parish of St. Paul's in Baltimore
county apparently .ran from the Chesapeake bay at a
point about equidistant from the Magothy river and the
mouth of Bodkin creek to about where the present village
of Elkridge is situated. This line followed the ridge be-
tween the Patapsco and Magothy rivers. How long this
line had served to divide the two parishes is not known.
The following official record shows that part of Anne
Arundel belonged to Baltimore county in 1694:
"Petition of the Inhabitants Situated upon the South
Side of the Patapsco River praying that they may be Re-
joyned to the County of Ann Arrundell as formerly they
were. Which being Read, Ordered that the said peticon be
sent to the house of Assembly for their considercon."'
"By the Assembly, Oct., y^ 1694.
The within Petition Read & Considered, Voted whether
the South Side of Patapsco River be added to the County
of Ann Arrundell or Remaine still as it is. Carried by
Majority of votes to Remaine as it is."^
'Arch. Md., Vol. 19, p. 318.
2 Arch. K'ld , Vol. 19, p. 31.
' Arch. Md., Vol. 19, p 69.
M \ I I-. I It H
Annapolis, Anne Arundel Colntv
Here many of the laws affecting the early Church in the Province were enacted.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 119
"ANN ARRUNDEL COUNTY is divided into Six Hun-
1. Town Neck Hundred
2. Middle Neck "
3. Broad "
4. South River
5. West •' ;;
6. Herring Creek " "'
"ANN ARRUNDEL COUNTY is Divided into Four
Parishes viz' —
Herring Creek Parish
Broad Neck " "^
IN THE REPORT to the Assembly on July 30th, 1694,
Anne Arundel was said to contain :
"4 Parishes laid out
but noe churches built,
nor noe Minister."^
THE PARISHES in Anne Arundel county were divided by
the rivers that emptied into the Chesapeake with the
exception of Broad Neck, or Westminster, parish on
its northern side. This parish was divided from St.
Pauls parish in Baltimore county as described on
page 138 of this book. Their western boundaries
being the line run north from the branch of Matta-
woman creek to the northern limits of the Province,
as called for in naming the bounds of Piscataway
parish in Charles county.^
THE COURT HOUSE for Anne Arundel county was
built at Annapolis.
'Arch. i\!d., Vol. 23, p. 25.
'Arch. \ld.. Vol. 23, p. 19.
5 Arch. Md., Vol. 20. p. 107.
* See description Piscataway Parish. Page 135
120 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
"HERRING CREEK PARISH consists of Herring Creek
Hundred and the major part of West River
No. 5 Hundred."^
""Beginning at ye Southmost bounds of
South River Parish and bounding on ye East with ye bay
of Chesapeake lieing down southerly to ye creeke called
Fishing Creek then west with ye Said creeke to ye bounds
of Ann Arundel and Calvert Countys to Lyons Creek then
with the said creeke to Potuxent then up the said river to
ye land called White Plaines to the Southernmost bounds
of South River Parish"'- and to the beginning.
"VESTRYMEN chosen for Herring Creek Parish, viz' —
Thomas Tench Esq'
M' Seth Biggs
Cap' William Holland
Cap' Robert Lockwood
M' James Rigbey
M' Nicholas Perret."^ (Turrett?)
HERRING CREEK (now known as St. James") CHURCH
was built in 1765. The records of the parish go back
to 1695.^ When the vestry assumed charge of the
parish they found an old church already standing.
It was the church of the original Herring Creek
Parish. "'The vestry set about building a new edifice,
the contract for which was given out in 1695."'^
THE FIRST RECTOR of the parish was the Rev. Henry
Hall. He served from 1695 until his death in 1721.
He was regularly inducted May 7th 1698. Joseph
Tilley was lay reader in 1696 and 1697.''
' Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. IQ.
2 Church Life in Colonial Maryland, p. 63.
3 Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 19.
* Old Brick Churches, Ridgely.
' Church Life in Colonial Maryland, Gambrall, p. 68 &257
« Allen Ms., p. 18.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 121
"SOUTH RIVER PARISH consists of South River
Hundred and a Small part of West River
No. 6 Hundred."'
"VESTRYMEN Chosen for South River Parish:
Cap' Hen. Hanslope
M' John Gresham
M' William Roper
M' Edw. Burgess
M' Walter Phelps
M' John Watkins."^
' "ALL HALLOWS CHURCH was built about 1 727, succeed-
ing an earlier one which antedated the Establishment.
The Rev. Duell Pead performed the rites of baptism
in this neighborhood from 1682 to 1690."^ He
preached by request a sermon, 1683, before the
Provincial Assembly^ at St. Mary's City.
THE REV. JOSEPH COLEBATCH served as first rector,
beginning his work in 1695. He died in 1735.^
' Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 19.
2 Arch. Md.. Vol. 23, p. 19.
= Old Brick Churches. Ridgely
* See page 7 of this book.
' Allen Ms.
122 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
"MIDDLE NECK PARISH is Scituated betwixt South
No. 7 River and Severn River. "^
"VESTRYMEN for the s'' Parish chosen &" Viz'
M' Thos. Bland
M^ Rich" Wharfield
M' Laurence Draper
M' Jacob Harness
M' W'" Brown
M' Corne. Howard."^
ST. ANN'S CHURCH was begun in 16% and finished in
1699. Committee appointed by Governor Nicholson
reported, October 2, 1696, that "We find by com-
putation that the Building of the Church [St.
Ann's] at Annapolis, according to the modell pre-
scribed by his Excellency will not cost less than
1200 pounds Sterling."^ Rebuilt in 1792 and again
THE REV. PEREGRINE CONY was rector of this
parish from 1696 to 1698. The Rev. James Wootton
was rector from 1706 to Apr. 19, 1710.*
1 Arch. Md., Vol. 23. p. 19.
«Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 20.
«Arch. Md.. Vol. 19, p. 450.
* Allen Ms.
ST. AXN', BL'ILT lo-w. REBUILT 17^12 AND 1858.
Middle Neck Parish. .Ann.apolis. .-Vnne .Arundel County
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 123
"BROAD NECK PARISH is situated on the North Side
of Severn River including Town Neck &
No. 8 Broad Neck Hundreds."^ This is now known
as Westminster Parish.
"VESTRYMEN for the s^ Parish Chosen, &" viz'
M' John Bennet
M' William Hopkins
M' Rob't Eagle
M' George Eager
M' Hugh Merrican
M^ Edw. Fuller."^
THERE WAS A CHURCH prior to 1692 which stood on
Severn Heights. It was destroyed by fire many
years ago, the parish records perishing with the old
church. A few tombstones and the stone founda-
tion of the old church remain to mark the site.
THE REV. EDWARD TOPP, JR., was the first rector.
The Rev. Edward Topp, Jr. was incumbent in 1696.^
Dr. Ethan Allen'* states that he (Topp) was there in
1698. He also states that the Rev. James Wootton
was rector in 1705.
1 Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 20.
= Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 20.
' B. C. Sceiner in Md. Hist. Magazine, Vol. 12, p. 119.
* Allen Ms. p. 18.
124 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
Named for the Calvert Family.
CALVERT COUNTY (erected 1650) in 1692 was divided
from Anne Arundel County "by a line from
No. 4 Herring Creek to the head of the Patuxent."^
On the east the county was bounded by
the Cheapeake bay. On the south and west by Pyne Hill
creek, then paralleling the Three Notched Road and then
on through the woods to the "head of the Patuxent."
Calvert County in 1692 comprised parts of the present
counties of St. Marys, Charles, Prince Georges and Anne
"At that time the Governor decided to — 'Erect make
and appoint both sides of the Putuxent river into one
County by the name of calvert county bounded on the
Southside with Pynehill River or Creek to the head thereof
and from thence through the woods to the head of Putexent
River being the Northerly bound of St. Maries County
and bounded on the North Side with the Creek upon the
Westerne Side of Chesapeake Bay called the Herring Creeke
and from thence through the woods to the head of Putuxent
River being the Southerly bound of Anne Arundel
The two parishes of St. Paul's and All Faiths which
were within the bounds of the old county were laid out on
the west side of the Patuxent river.
"CALVERT COUNTY is divided into Six Hundreds,
Lyons Creeke Hundred Hunting Creek Hundred
Lower End of Cliffs " Leonards Creek
Upper End of Cliffs " Elton Head " "^
'Arch. Md., Vol. 23,
^ The Counties of Maryland. Edward B. Mathews.
'Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 23.
Prince Frederick. Calvert County
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 125
■•CALVERT COUNTY is divided into Four Parishes,
REPORT to the Assembly
July 30, 1694.
••CALVERT COUNTY has
5 parishes laid out,
3 whereof have Churches built,
but noe Ministers."^
THE FIRST COURT HOUSE for Calvert was the
church at Mt. Calvert. "Ordered that it be moved
to the Burgesses for a law that the church at Mount
CaK^ert be a Court house as well as a Church."^
Court House at Calvert Town 1694.''
'Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 18.
2 Arch. Md., Vol. 20, p. 108.
'Arch. Md., Vol. 20, p. 284.
* Arch. Md., Vol. 20, p. 7b.
126 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
"CHRIST CHURCH PARISH consists of these following
No. 9 Hunting Creek Hundred
Leonards Creek do
Clifts Lower do "'
"VESTRYMEN chosen at the time and place [Waring-
town], viz': —
M^ Rich'' Smith
Cap' Thomas Clegate
M' Henry Firnley
M' Francis Maulden
M' John Manning
M' Samuel Holdsworth"^
"THE CHURCH being already built , called by the
name of Christ Church standing on one acre of land
gave by Mr. Francis Mauldin for the same Intent
and purpose out his tract of land called by the name
of 'Prevent Danger'."^ Christ Church was rebuilt
THE FIRST MINISTER was the Rev. Dr. William Mul-
lett who preached in this vicinity in 1684.* The
Rev. Mr. Turling was preaching there in 1691.*
The Rev. Richard Hill was the minister of Christ
Church Parish serving there in 1694.*^ The Rev.
Henry Hall was rector 1695-1697.'
ONE SET OF THE LIBRARY books sent over to the
Province by the Rev. Thomas Bray was sent to Mr.
Richard Smith, a vestryman of Christ Church
'Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 18
2 Arch. Md., Vol. 8, p. 472^
' Arch. Md., Vol. 8, p. 472.
«Arch. Md., Vol. 17,
'Allen Ms., p. 15.
e Allen Ms., p. 68.
'Allen Ms., p. 18.
"Arch. Md., Vol. 20. p. 212.
CI IRIS 1, BLILT ABOUT 1735
Port Republic, Calvert County
z ~- ^
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 127
"ALL SAINTS PARISH consists of these two following
Hundreds, viz' —
No. 10 Lyons Creek Hundred and the
Upper hundred of the Clifts.""'
"VESTRYMEN for the s'' Parish chosen &'" viz'
M' Walter Smith
M' William Nichols
M' William Turner
M' John Scott
M' John Leech Jun'
M' John Hance."^
"AND A CHURCH to be built on one acre of land be-
longing to Thomas Kemp on the cross Road of
Severn Ridge Path and the road leading to Cox
town to be called by the name of All Saints Church."^
"Petition of the vestrymen of the parish of
All Saints in Calvert County sitting forth that they
had taken care to build a church within their said
parish and had sometimes on Sunday in an after-
noon the benefit of M' Hull's preaching amongst
them, etc."'* The present church was built in 1815.
REV. HENRY HALL officiated in 1694.* "M' Andrew
Geddes, layreader at All Saints October 8'^ 16%."^
Mr. Thomas Cockshutt was appointed minister
"AN ACC^ OF THE SIX SETS OF BOOKS the Bishop
of London sent and where they are and to whom
delivered to. To Walter Smith, vestryman of the
church newly built in the freshes of the Patuxent
where M' Hull intends to preach.."'
1 Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 18.
2 Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 18. •
3 Arch. Md., Vol. 8, p. 473.
* Arch. Md., Vol. 20, p. 277.
' Allen Ms. p. 18.
« Arch. Md., Vol. 20, p. 515.
' Arch. Md., Vol. 20, p. 212.
128 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
"ST. PAUL'S PARISH consists of the following bounds,
No. 1 1 From the Upper Part of M' Calvert
hundred to the main branch of Swantsons
Creek."' This was decided at a "Court held at Benedict
Leonard Town the W*" of February, 1693."
"VESTRYMEN for the s^ Parish chosen &^" viz'
M' Thomas Brooke
M' Thomas Greenfield
M"' Thomas Hollyday
M^ Rich'^ Charlet
M' William Barton
M' Sam' Magruther."^ [Magruder]
"THE CHURCH for the same [parish] being already
built  at Charles Town called by the name of
St. Paul's Church."^
REV. MR. TURLING was rector prior to 1691.* The
encumbent in 1696 was Monsieur Morien.*^ Rev.
Thos. Davis was rector in 1695 ,^ and the Rev. Robert
Owen, from 1700 to 1710.
QUEEN ANNE PARISH in 1704 was erected from this
parish by Act of the Assembly, Chapter 96.'
"ONE SET OF BOOKS to Thomas Hollyday vestry-
man of the church at Mount Calvert for that
1 Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 18.
'Arch. Md., Vol. 23. p. 18.
3 Arch. Md., Vol. 8, p. 473.
* Allen Ms. p. 15
<■&. C. Steiner, Md. Hist. Mag., Vol. 12, p. 118.
•Allen Ms., p. 18.
' Bacon's Laws of Maryland.
'Arch. Md., Vol. 20, p. 212.
— ~ ^
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE F^ROVINCE OF MARYLAND 129
"ALL FAITHS PARISH consists of the following bounds,
No. 12 From the main branch of Swanson's
Creek to the Lower part of Harvy Hundred."^
"VESTRYMEN for the s'' Parish chosen, &" viz'
M' James Keech
M' John Smith
M' Rich'd Southern [Sotheron]
M' John Gillam
M' Charles Askue [Ashcom?]
Cap' Rich'' Gardner."^
"THE CHURCH for the said Parish being already built
standing by the fork of Trent Creek called by the
name of All Faiths Church."^ The present church
"REV. MR. TLTRLING minister prior to 1691. "^ The
Rev. Thomas Davis went there as rector in 1695.^
TRINITY PARISH was erected out of part of this parish
by Act of the Assembly, 1744, Chapter 14.*'
'Arch. Md., Vol. 23. p. 18.
2 Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 18.
' Arch. Md., Vol. 8, p. 474.
* Allen Ms. p. 15.
'Allen Ms., p. 18.
' Bacon's Laws of Maryland.
130 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
Named for Charles Calvert, Third Lord Baltimore
CHARLES COUNTY (erected 1658) in 1692 was bounded
on the south and west by St. Mary's county
No. 5 and the Potomac river, on the east by Calvert
county and the north by the Maryland-
Pennsylvania line. This may be more fully described by
quoting from Thomas' Chronicles of Colonial Maryland:
"Charles County bounds, the river Wicomico to its head and
from the mouth of that River up the Potomac as high as the
settlements extend and thence to the head of Wicomico."
In describing the bounds of Piscataway Parish, the north-
ernmost of the Charles county parishes. Dr. Allen gives
practically all of the rest of the Province (not already cov-
ered by the other nine counties) to this county thereby
making it nearly equal in area to all the other counties
"CHARLES COUNTY is divided into Seven hundreds,
Lower part of William & Mary Parish Hundred.
East Side of Portobacco
West " "
Lower part of Nanjemy Parish
Upper " " King & Queen Parish^
Benedict Town being joyned to part of King Sz
' This Hundred counted as part of St. Mary's until 1716. Was also known
as Newport Hundred.
2 Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 24.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 13!
■■CH7\RLES COUNTY is divided into four Parishes viz'
William & Mary
Piscatoway, the Bounds whereof being artificial and
Somewhat Long have Omitted to insert them here."'
REPORT to the Assembly;
July 30, 1694.
"Charles County has 4 parishes laid out, viz'
William and Mary, which has church built
Portobacco, which has church built
Nanjemie, which has church building
Pescattaway, which has a church agreed for
All want ministers, Vestry men in ex'ery
THE COURT HOUSE for Charles County stood (1688) on
the plantation of Thomas Hussey . " "Ordered that the
Deputy Surveyor of Charles County survey and lay
out the Lott or Acre of Land on which the Court
House in the said County standeth including in the
said Acre said Court House, Prison, Pillory and
Stocks . . . . in no wise prejudiceing the
dwelling or the other houses of the said Thomas
Hussey near the said Court House adjacent . .
April 5, 1688.^
' Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 18.
' Arch. Md., Vol. 20, p. 109. and Md. Cal. of Wills, Vol. 1, p. 48.
' Arch. Md., Vol. 8, p. 26.
132 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
WILLIAM AND MARY PARISH bounds are given in the
court records of Charles County. Dr. Allen's
No. 13 Ms described them as follows: "Bounds of
Pickawaxon Parish. Beginning at the plan-
tation of John Courtes, Senior, and running with a straight
line to the plantation formerly Samuel Cresseyes" Landing —
the said courtes on the north of the said line and the said
CRESSEYES on the southside of the said line and bounding
with the Potomac River to the mouth of Wiccomomico
River and so up the Wiccomomico to the head of said
river and with the branch thereof to the said Courtes'
"VESTRYMEN for William & Mary Parish chosen,&^^ viz'
Co" John Courts
M' Robert Yates
M' William Hawton
M' Henry Hardy
M' John Wielder
M^ William Harbert."^
CHRIST CHURCH. The first church was built prior to
DR. ETHAN ALLEN states that the Rev. Mr. Moore
was rector of the parish in 1692 and 1693 and the
Rev. George Tubman preached from 1695 to 1700.^
' Charles County Land Records, Lib. R., p. 459.
'Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 19.
5 Alien Ms., p. 15.
'Allen Ms., p. 18.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 133
PORT TOBACCO PARISH is described in Dr. Allen's Ms
as follows: "Beginning at the plantation of
No. 14 Samuel Cresseyes and running up the Poto-
mac River to the mouth of Nanjemy Creek
or Avon River and so up the Nanjemy Creek to the Mill
at the head thereof and so up the said branch to Capt.
Hoskin's Quarter and then with a straight line to the head
of Joseph Bullett's Mill Branch and down the said Branch
to Mattawoman Creek, thence up the Mattawoman Creek
to the utmost limits of the County [Charles] to the head of
Zachyah Branch and with the said Branch to John Courtes,
Senior, and with the line of Pickyawaxan Parish [William
and Mary] to Cresseyes plantation."'
"VESTRYMEN for Port Tobacco Parish chosen S^^viz'
M' Henry Hawkins
M'' William Barton
M' Phil Hoskins
M' C. Lomax
M' John Hawkins
M' John Hanson. "-
"AND IN CHARLES COUNTY att the head of Porto-
bacco Creeke [April 26, 1684] neare the Church
there. "^ Notice that this church was built prior to
the Establishment, and according to Dr. Allen was
called "Christ Church."
THE REV. MR. MOORE preached there in 1691, 1692
and 1693.^ The Rev. George Tubman was rector
in 1695, he also was rector of William and Mary &
Nanjemy Parishes at the same time. He died in 1 70 1 .^
'■ Charles Countv Land Records, Lib. R, p. 460.
2 Arch. \fd.. Vol. 23, p. 19.
3 Arch. Md., Vol. 13, p. 112.
< Allen Ms., p. 18.
s Allen Ms., p. 65.
134 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
NANJEMY PARISH which is now known as "Durham
Parish" is bounded as follows: — "Beginning
No. 15 at Phillip Hoskin's Quarter, soe with a
straight line to the head of Joseph Bullett's
Mill Branch and down the said Branch to Mattawoman
Creeke and so down Mattawoman Creek to the mouth
thereof, and down the Potomak River to the mouth of
Nanjemy Creek or Avon River and so up the said creek or
river to the Mill at the head thereof and thence to Capt.
"VESTRYMEN for Nanjemy Parish chosen &r viz'
M' John Stone
M' Joseph Manning
M' William Dent
M' William Stone
M' Richard Harrison
M' Gerrard Fowke."^
THE CHURCH for this Parish was being built at the time
the report was made to the Assembly.^ Upon com-
pletion it was called Durham Church. The second
church (now standing) was authorized to be built
REV. JOHN TURLING, "Presbyter Anglicans", probably
first Rector of this parish. William Dent and Eliza-
beth Fowke were married by him in i684.* Rev.
George Tubman rector in 1695.^ Rev. George
Tubman incumbent in 1696.®
' Allen Ms.
2 Arch, Md., Vol. 23, p. 19.
3 Arch. Md.. Vol. 20, p. 109.
< Charles County Court Records, Liber R No. I, Vol. 2.
6 Allen Ms., p. 18.
' B. C. Steiner in Md. Hist. Magazine, Vol. 12, p. 118.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 135
PISCATTAWAY PARISH (alias St. John's.) Doctor
Allen gives the bounds of this parish as fol-
No. 16 lows: "Beginning at the mouth of the Matta-
woman Creek and running up the said Creek
and Branch thereof to the utmost limits of the County
[Charles] and running North to the line of the Province
and then West to the Potomac River and then down the
said River to the mouth of the Mattawoman Creek."'
"VESTRYMEN for Piscattaway Parish chosen &^ viz'-
John Addison Esq'
M"" William Hutchinson
M' William Hatton
M' William Tanneyhill
M' John Emmet
M' James Stoddart"^
NO CHURCH had been built at the time the report was
made. The first meeting of the vestry was held at
the house of John Addison, Esqr. At that meeting
it was decided to buy 7d> acres, part of "Lisle Hall",
at Broad Creek. It was on this land in 1699 that
the parish church was built and it received the
name of "Broad Creek Church."
PRINCE GEORGE'S PARISH\ by Act of the Provincial
Assembly, 1726, Chapter 6, was erected out of
Piscattaway Parish, and the chapel of Ease at Rock
' Charles Countv Land Records, Liber R, p. 460.
2 Arch, Md.. Vol. 23, p. 19.
' Mr. John Small wood was elected a member of the vestry on January 30th,
1693 and upon his death Mr. James Stoddart was elected July 29th, 1696 to fill
' Bacon's Laws of Maryland
136 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCES OF MARYLAND
Creek, built in 1719, became the parish church of
Prince George's parish. In 1742 the Assembly was
again petitioned further to divide the territory
originally covered by Piscattaway Parish, and Chap-
ter 18 of that Session erected "All Saints Parish"
with the parish church at Frederick.'
THE FIRST RECTOR of Piscattaway Parish was the
Rev. George Tubman who began his work August
4th, 16%. He was also rector of Portobacco, Wil-
liam and Mary and Nanjemy Parishes at the same
time. He died in 1701.^
1 Bacon's Laws.
•Dr. Ethan Allen's Ms., p. 65.
Frederick City, Frederick Colntv
The creation of All Saints Parish in 1742 was at the expense of Prince George's Par-
ish. The latter was itself taken from the original territory of Old Piscattoway Parish,
which thus suffered its first dismemberment The first All Saints Church was built
in 1750; the new church was begun in 1855.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND )37
Named for the Lord Baltimore's Irish Barony.
BALTIMORE COUNTY (erected 1659) in 1692 was
bounded on the east by the Susquehanna
No. 6 river. The Chesapeake bay was one of its
boundaries. For its southern boundary, we
quote proclamation of June 6th, 1674, "the southern
boundary of Baltimore county shall be the south side of
Potapsco River, and from the highest plantation on that
side of the river due south two miles into the woods. "^
This "two miles into the woods" means that a two
mile strip of country on the south side of the Patapsco
river was taken from Anne Arundel county by this "proc-
lamation" for we find in the "Upper House Journal"
under date of April 23, 1684 "A Petition of the Inhabi-
tants scituate upon the southside of Patapsco River and
others holding land there desireing to bee restored into the
County of Ann Arundell from whence at first they were
taken into Baltimore County by reason of their greate dis-
tance from and incommodious waves of goeing to the
County Court of Baltimore & Ca. Read and rejected, —
This House Considering that Baltimore County being
already very small and for other motives the same re-
maine as now it is."^
The present southern boundary of Baltimore county
was made by Act of Assembly 1722, Chap. 3, and the
former lines recited in the Act prove that the division line
between the two counties, Baltimore and Anne Arundel,
began upon the shore of the Chesapeake bay about a mile
and a quarter south of Bodkin Point and paralleled the
' Scharf's Hist, of Baltimore Countv, p. 41.
2 Arch. Md., Vol. 13, p. 41.
138 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
course of the Patapsco at a distance of about two miles,
running northwest along the ridge between the Magothy
and the Patapsco rivers.
The western boundary^ of the county was the line
that bounded Piscattaway parish (Charles county) on the
east — this line ran north from the head of Mattawoman
creek to the boundary line of the Province.
THE FIRST COURT HOUSE of Baltimore county was
built on Bush river, now Harford county, and it
is generally supposed it was there that the Court
met until 1712 when by Act of Assembly the Court
House was built in Joppa, also now in Harford
county. In 1768 the Court Elouse was abandoned
and the county seat removed to Baltimore city.^
"BALTIMORE COUNTY is divided into Five Hundreds,
Gun Powder River
South Side Gun Powder
North Side Patapsco
South Side Patapsco " " ^
REPORT to the Assembly,
June 30, 1694. "What Parishes laid out un-
known." "The division of the Parishes and Bounds
thereof have not as yet been Returned by the Clerk
of the said County but do find by the Returns
of the Severall Vestrymen that the said County is
divided into three Parishes, viz""
Patapsco [St. Paul's] Parish
S'^ Georges " " ^
' Note Baltimore County's western boundary.
2 Scharf's Hist, of Baltimore County, p. 43.
'Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 24.
<Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 20,
< 'x -
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 139
In accordance with the directions of this Act of the As-
sembly, (1692, Ch. 2) the Justices of Baltimore
County at a Court held Nov. 1692 made the follow-
ing order: — "That one Parish be in Speceutia Hund-
red, and another in Gunpowder River (that is to
say) from Gunpowder River to the head of Middle
River And [another] from Middle River as far as
the County goes or extends.'"'
June 27, 1702.
"According to his Excellency the Governours order and
summons appeared the Vestry of St. Paul's Parish
on Patapsco River in Baltimore County and it being
required of them to produce their Accounts how the
40 lb. p poll raised in that Parish has been disposed
of M' Richard Cromwell alledges for that the Sheriff
of the County Lieut. Col' Maxwell is now very sick
but says that the Vestry have about 20000 pounds
of Tob° wherewith they desire to build a Chappel
of Ease for the Parishioners on the South side of
Patapsco River but that being contrary to Law.
Ordered by his Excell"'' the Governour &
Council that the said Vestry do apply what
Tob° they have in their Hands belonging to
the Parish in building a pretty convenient
House and purchasing a Glebe for the Min-
ister & his successors."^
' Baltimore County Court Records, Vol. F, p. 338.
2 Arch. Md., Vol. 24, p. 289.
140 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
"PATAPSCO (or St. Paul's) PARISH. The bounds ot
this parish were as follows: — On the east by-
No. 1 7 Middle river, on the south by the Chesapeake
bay, on the west by the county of Anne
Arundel and the eastern boundry line of Piscattaway
parish,^ one of the parishes of Charles County. It was
bounded on the north by the boundry line of the province.
"THE VESTRY, September 1693, was as follows:—
George Ashman Richard Sampson
John Ferry Richard Cromwell
Nicholas Corban Francis Watkings
John Gay, Clerk to the Vestry"^
THE FIRST CHURCH built, 1702, in this parish stood
at the head of "Cloppers," now Colgate creek.
"We the Vestrie men for Patapsco Hundred met to-
gether at the house of Major John Thomas (re-
solved] that at Pettites Old Field was the most
convenient place for to erect a Church."^
The present parish church stands on the corner
of Charles and Saratoga Streets in the City of Bal-
timore. The first church built on this site was
erected in 1730.
THE REV. EDWARD TOPP, JR. was the incumbent of
this parish in 1696.^ According to the Allen Manu-
script the first rector of the parish was the Rev.
Edward Topp, Jr. He served from 1698 to 1702.
ST. THOMAS' PARISH was the first subdivision of
St. Paul's Parish. It was erected by authority of an
Act of the Provincial Assembly in 1742, Chapter 15.^*
■ See bounds of Piscattaway Parish, Charles County.
2 Court Records, Baltimore County, Liber G, No. 1, p. 126.
■* Court Records, Baltimore County. Liber G, No. 1, p. 126.
* B. C. Steiner in Maryland Hist. Mag., Vol. 12, p. 1 19.
' Bacon's Laws of Maryland.
~ c r
^ f Q.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 141
ST. JOHN'S PARISH ("'alias Copley Parish"), Dr. Allen
says, contained the two hundreds of Gun-
No. 18 powder and Southern Gunpowder, bounded,
according to the best records obtainable, by
the Bush river on the east, the Chesapeake bay on the
South, Middle river on the west and the northern line of
the Province on the north.
Dr. Allen's Ms. gives the following as vestrymen in
M' Thomas Haley
M' Thomas Hodge
M' Richard Adams
M' Moses Groome
Cap*^ Thomas Preston
M' Lawrence Richardson.
"VESTRYMEN chosen as by Return, viz'
M' Thomas Staley
Cap"^ Thomas Preston
M' Richard Adams
M' Samuel Siclemore
M' Daniel Scott
M' Abram Tayler."^
"THE CHURCH to be on Elk Neck on Gunpowder
River."- St. Johns Church was built later at the
former county seat of Baltimore county, Joppa, but
the present parish church is at Kingsville, built in 1817.
IT IS KNOWN THAT the famous Rev. John Yeo,
who died in 1686, lived in the territory which was
included in 1692 in the parish bounds. The earliest
record of a minister after the Establishment is that
of the Rev. John Edwards, 1710.
ST. JAMES PARISH was erected in 1770, the chapel of ease
of St. John's Parish becoming the parish church.
1 Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 20.
' Dr. Aliens Ms.
142 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
ST. GEORGE'S PARISH was bounded on the east and
south by the Susquehanna river and Chesa-
No. 19 peake bay. The Bush river and its head-
waters served as the western bounds. The
northern line of the Province was its northern limits.
"VESTRYMEN as by Return, viz'
M' William Hollace [Wallace?]
M' Laurence Tayler
M' John Parker
M' George Smith
M"" Roger Mathews
M' Thomas Cordey."'^
THE FIRST CHURCH in this part of the Province was
called "Spesutia Church" built in 1671.- This
present church is now called St. George's and is near
the village of Perryman, Harford county.
THE REV. JEREMIAH EATON was the first Protestant
minister in Baltimore county (west of the Chesapeake
bay) and he owned land (1675) near Bush river. In
1683 the Rev. John Yeo preached in that part of
Baltimore county afterwards laid out into St.
George's Parish. He settled at New Castle, Dela-
ware, June 4, 1678, and was the first Episcopal
minister in that State. Rev. Thomas Dawes "min-
of this parish, 1695;^ Rev. Jno. Edwards rector
1702-1711 ;^ Rev. Evan Evans from 1718 to 1722.^
'Arch. Md., Vol. 23. p. 20.
2 Allen Ms., p. 18.
'Arch. Md., Vol. 19, p. 274.
'Allen Ms., pp. 19-20.
'Allen Ms., p. 71.
— ^ -C
- ^ "5 ^
Easton, Talbot County
The Parish Church of St. Peter's Parish, of which the corner stone was laid May 21, 1840.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 143
Named for Grace Talbot, daughter of George
Calvert, first Lord Baltimore.
TALBOT COUNTY (erected 1662) in 1692 extended from
the head of Chester river down to the Chop-
No. 7 tank river. The western bounds were the
Chester river, the "Narrows," Eastern bay
and the Chesapeake.
While the eastern boundaries were identical with
those of the Province there were very few colonists who
lived far from the water courses, hence the eastern limits
were not sharply defined.
"TALBOT COUNTY is divided into nine Hundreds, viz'
Lower of Kent Island. " " ^
"TALBOT COLTNTY is divided into three Parishes, viz'
S'' Paul's Parish
S' Michael's " " -
» Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 24.
2 Arch. Md.. Vol. 23, p. 21.
144 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
REPORT to the Assembly
June 30, 1694. "They can Give noe certain
Returne as yet for Talbot County."^
At a court held at Yorke, June 20th, 1693,
there were appointed by the court the vestrymen
for the three parishes of the County.^
THE FIRST COURT HOUSE was on Skipton creek, a
branch of the Wye river, at "Hopton."'
" . . at the time of laying out the parishes, in
1693, the Court House was on a branch of Wye
river where is the dwelling plantation of Mr. Wm.
Hemsley Jun' which by many is still called the
old Court House."*
"In 1680 a Court House was built upon land pur-
chased of Jonathan Hopkin which was located on Skipton
creek near the headwaters of the Wye river. In this build-
ing court was held for the first time in 1682 or 1683. Later
a 'prison' was built. Around these two buildings there
grew up quite a village which was called, by Act of As-
sembly of 1686, "Yorke" evidently in honor of the ancient
town in England of the same name."^
lArch. Md., Vol. 20, p. 111.
* Ms. of Dr. Samuel A. Harrison.
'Hist, of Talbot County. Col. Oswald Tiighman,
* Ms. Dr. Samuel A. Harrison.
* Maryland's Colonial Eastern Shore, p. 26.
— _) c
: ■;■ iS*^ -
-A'-. '-■ V
• ■■ii' *'.
• » . ■!
• -1 ■
ST. PAUL, BUILT 1834
Centerville, Queen Anne's County
The first church of St. Paul's Parish was of wood construction and stood about a
mile southwest of where Center\ille is, at a place called "Hibernia." In 1698 this
building was replaced by a brick structure and called "Chester " church. In 1765
Chester Church was in such bad condition that the vestry decided to rebuild it follow-
ing the plans of St. Paul's Church in Philadelphia. 'This later building was torn
down and some of the bricks, for sentimental reasons, were used in making the walls of
the present parish church.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE [PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 145
"S"^ PAUL'S PARISH begins at the head of Chester River
& Extends to the Court House^ and from the
No. 20 Court House along the north side of Brewers'
Branch [now Skipton creek] to the Head of
s'' branch and from thence to Judwin's branch being the
North part of Tuccohoe Hundred. "-
"VESTRYMEN for the S'^ Parish chosen & C viz'
M' William Finney
M' William Coursey
M' John Whittington
M' Nathanial Wright
M' Robert Macklin
M' John Chairs."^
THE CHURCH for this parish was old Chester Church
built near the present town of Centerville. It was
torn down in 1834 and rebuilt in that town. In
1717 the vestry began the Chapel of Ease, now
Wye Church, which is in excellent repair and stands
almost hidden from view amongst some of the largest
oaks to be seen anywhere on the Eastern Shore.
This became the parish church, in 1860, of Wye
Parish formed at that time.
THE REV. JOHN LILLINGSTON was minister from
1691 to 1709 when he died. He had held services
in Talbot county as early as 1681.*
"ONE SET OF BOOKS to Mr. Lillingston sent by the
Bishop of London 1694."'^
ST. LUKE'S PARISH was taken from this parish by Act
of Assembly 1728, Chapter 19.^
'On "Hopton" surveyed for Jonathan Hopkins, June, 1668.
= Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 21.
'Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 21.
* Ms. of Dr. Samuel A. Harrison.
'Arch. Md. Vol. 20, p. 212.
' Bacon's Laws of Maryland
146 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
"ST. PETER'S PARISH begins at John Judwins Branch
and extends to Oxford Town."'
No. 21 "In 1714 the county surveyor of Talbot
County was authorized to 'lay off' the line of
this parish and in his report to the Justices of the County
says, 'St. Peter's Parish to contain Third Haven-Hundred,
Bolingbroke Hundred and part of Tuckahoe Hundred
bounding on the north by a line drawn from the head of
Brewers' Branch, [now Skipton Creek], north Ty degrees
east to the head of Judwin's Branch."^
"VESTRYMEN for the s'' Parish Chosen, ^^ viz^
M' Thomas Robins
M' Thomas Bowdle
M' George Robins
M' Nicholas Lowe
M' Samuel Abbet S'
M' Thomas Martin."^
WHITEMARSH CHURCH, the ruins of which are to be
seen near the little settlement of "Hambleton," is
supposed to have been built about 1666. It became
the parish church in 1692. These ruins are now in
Whitemarsh Parish. The parish church of St.
Peter's Parish is now (1923) in Easton.
THE REV. MR. LILLINGSTON was minister before
1691. It is supposed that the Rev. Joseph Leich
became the rector of St. Peter's Parish in 1692.
Court records show that he baptized children in
that section of the county as early as 1689.*
There was a church erected at Oxford in 1695.^
Rev. James Clayland preached in 1694, 1695 and
1 Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 21.
'Col. Oswald Tilghman in Easton "Gazette," January 7, 1914.
'Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 21.
* Ms. of Dr. Samuel A. Harrison.
'Arch, Md., Vol. 19, p. 215.
8 Allen Ms., pp. 18-19.
r. - 'i
St. Michael's, Talbot County
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 147
"ST. MICHAEL'S PARISH consists of Mill & Bay Hun-
dreds and part of Island Hundred that is to
No. 22 say from the Court House' Downward."^
This parish was bounded on the east by
the main road that now leads from Wye Mills to Easton
and by the Tred Avon river. On the south by the Choptank
river. Both the Chesapeake and the Eastern bays bounded
it on the west. The Wye river and Skipton creek, formerly
known as Brewer's Branch, were its northern bounds.
"VESTRYMEN for the s"^ Parish chosen, &=^ viz'
Cap' John Davis
Cap' James Murphy [of Rich Neck]
M' Thomas Smithson
M' Michaell Turbut
M' Hugh Sherwood
M' John Power. "^
CHRIST CHURCH is the present representative of the
original church of this old parish and stands in the
town of St. Michael's.
THE REV. JAMES CLAYLAND, as minister, received
in 1672 from Mr. Andrew Skinner a gift of 50 acres
of land part of a grant called "Forked Neck" in
Miles River Neck to be used as a Glebe "forever
hereafter to be holden . . . and belonging to ye
aforesaid Church of Christ there congregated."^ He
became rector of St. Michael's Parish, 1692. In 1696
he was succeeded by the Rev. Rich'd Marsden who
served until 1707. The Rev. Henry Nicols was
rector in 1 709 ;^ Rev. John Leach incumbent 1696.^
1 See St. Paul's Parish (Talbot)-
2 Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 22.
'Arch. .VId., Vol. 23, p. 22.
* Ms. of Dr. Samuel A. Harrison.
'Allen Ms., p. 18.
6 B. C. Steiner in Md. Hist. Magazine, Vol. 12, p. 1 19.
148 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
Named after Mary Somerset, sister of Lord Baltimore.
SOMERSET COUNTY was erected by proclamation on
the 22nd of August 1666. The territory lying
No. 8 south of the Choptank River and extending
to Watkin's Point and the line drawn from
thence to the "Maine Ocean" was settled for the most
part by people from the county to the south of it — the
Eastern Shore of Virginia.
On February 4th, 1662, John Elzey, Randall Revell
and Stephen Horsey were commissioned Justices for the
territory. They held their offices until the 20th of the fol-
lowing February at which time they were reappointed,
with the exception of Mr. Revell. He was succeeded by
Capt. William Thorne. August 15th 1663 Capt. John
Odber was added to the Justices whose names appear
above. ^ They were described as "Commissioners for that
part of the Province newly seated called the Eastern Shore."
Commissions were issued on the 28th of August 1665 to
Mr. Stepen Horsey and Capt. William Thorne to continue
Justices on the "Eastern Shore "^ with the following six
new appointees : — George Johnson, William Stephens, John
White, John Winder, James Jones, and Henry Boston,
Gent. Capt. William Thorne was commissioned to com-
mand all the forces on the "Eastern Shore of the Province."
Upon the erection of Somerset county, August 22nd,
1666, the Justices who had been appointed the previous
year for the "Eastern Shore," were reappointed. Mr.
Stephen Horsey was made Sheriff of the new county.
1 Arch. Md., Vol. 3, p. 488.
- Notice the fact of "Eastern Shore" being the name of the section south
of the Choptank prior to 1666, at which time it became the County of Somerset.
M . ANlJKhU, BL II. 1 1771
Princess Anne, Somerset County
First built as a Chapel of Ease for Somerset Parish. Now the parish church of that
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 149
"SOMERSET COUNTY was divided into Eight Hun-
Poquede Norton Hundred
"SOMERSET COUNTY is divided into four Parishes, viz^
Snow hill " " ^
REPORT to the Assembly
July 30 1694.
"Somerset county has 4 Parishes laid out but never
THE FIRST COURT HOUSE of Somerset County was
built in 1671 at Back Creek on a part of the now
well known "Westover" farm.^ Prior to this date,
as was the custom in the other counties of the Prov-
ince, court was doubtless held at the home of some
one of the Justices. In 1694 a court house was
built near Dividing Creek. "Upon the division of
the County and the erection of part of it into Wor-
cester County, the Court House was built at Princess
Anne. The present building is the third one to have
been built on that spot. "^
'Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 24.
2 Arch. Md.. Vol. 23, p. 22.
3 Arch. .Md., Vol. 20, p. 110.
* H. Fillmore Lankford.
' Hon. Joshua W. Miles
150 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
"SOMERSET PARISH consists of Manokin and Manny
hundreds."^ The parish extended from the
No. 23 Wicomico river to the Manokin river.
"VESTRYMEN for the s'^ Parish as by Return, viz"^
M' John Huett
M' Richard Chambers
M' John Panter
M' Nathaniel Horsey
M' Miles Grey
M' Peter Elzey."^
NO CHURCH had been built but provision was made for
its erection shortly after the choosing of the Vestry-
men ( 1 692) . Dr. Ethan Allen states in his manuscript
history of the various parishes that "All Saints Church
was there before 1691." He also states that the
Rev. Mr. Huett was preaching there. This church
is doubtless the one now known as "Old Monie"
and stands just West of Princess Anne, the county
seat of Somerset County.
THE REV. GEORGE TROTTER was incumbent of this
parish in 1 696.^ The Rev. Alexander Adams served
as rector of the parish for 65 years — from 1 704 until
his death in 1769.*
» Arch. Md, Vol. 23, p. 22
2 Arch. Md., Vol 23, p. 22.
3B. C. Steiner, Md. Hist. Magazine, Vol. 12, p. 119.
* Allen Ms.
c o cj
- c ^o
X - o c CQ
„ £ c i^ -a
— mC - 3
£•£■§ 'i s
"c • * .^ -J
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 151
'COVENTRY PARISH consists of Pocomoke and Anna-
messix hundreds."^ This parish extended
No. 24 from the Manokin river to the Pocomoke
"VESTRYMEN for the s'' Parish as by Return, viz^
M' Francis Jenckins
M' George Layfield
M"" Thomas Nuball
M"" William Planer S'
M'' Thomas Dixon
M' William Coleburn."^
IN THE OLD CHURCH at Rehoboth, Maryland, the
vestry met in 1692, when they held their first
meeting under the Act of Establishment. The ruins
of the second church are to be seen today not far
from Pocomoke City.
THE REV. JAMES BRECHIN was rector 1696-1698.
He was succeeded by the Rev. Robert Keith in
: Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 22.
! Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 22.
'Allen Ms., p. 18.
152 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
"STEPNEY PARISH consists of Wiccocomoco & Nante-
coke Hundreds."^ The old parish was
No. 25 bounded on the north and west by the Nan-
ticoke river and on the south and east by the
"VESTRYMEN for the s'' Parish as by Return, viz'
M' James Weatherley
M' John Bounds
M' Philip Carter
M' Robert Collyer
M' Thomas Holebrooke
M' Philip Askue."^
STEPNEY CHURCH commonly called "Green Hill
Church," to which yearly pilgrimages are now made,
was a place of worship for the settlers of the upper
part of Somerset County. The present building
erected 1733 has this date set in the brick of the
east end. Spring Hill (Goddard's Chapel) or Quan-
tico Church was first built (1711) as a Chapel of
Ease for this Parish.^ The present church was
erected prior to the Revolutionary War.
THE REV. MR. HUETT was the officiating clergyman in
1695. The records of Somerset county show marriages
performed by him in October 1682. He died 1697.*
In 1696 Rev. George Trotter was incumbent of
'Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 23.
2 Arch. Md., vol. 23, p. 23.
^ Somerset County Records I, K, L, 112.
< Allen Ms., p. 18.
' B. C. Steiner in Md. Hist. Magazine, Vol. 12, p. 119.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 153
"SNOW HILL PARISH consists of Bogettenorten &
Mattapany Hundreds."' Also known as All
No. 26 Hallows Parish. This old parish extended
east from the Pocomoke river to the Atlantic
ocean and from the Virginia line to far within the present
lines of the State of Delaware.
"VESTRYMEN for the s'^ Parish as by Return, viz'
M' Matt : Scarborough
M' William Round
M' John Francklin
M' Thomas Pointer
M' Thomas Selbey
M"' Edward Hammond."^
ALL HALLOWS CHURCH is the parish Church and the
present building stands in Snow Hill.
THE REV. JAMES BRECHIN was incumbent 1696.'
The Rev. Robert Keith preached at All Hallows in
WORCESTER PARISH was erected out of the parish^ by
Act of Assembly 1744, Chapter 24. St. Martin is
the name of parish Church.
'Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 23.
'Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 23.
' B. C. Sterner in Md. Hist. Magazine, Vol. 12, p. 1 19.
< Allen Ms., p. 18.
' Bacon's Laws of Maryland.
154 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
Named for the Earl of Dorset.
DORCHESTER COUNTY was erected in 1669. That
part of the original territory called the "East-
No. 9 em Shore, " including the county of Somerset,
that lay between the Choptank river on the
north and the Nanticoke river on the south and east was
the extent of the county of Dorchester. Its north-eastern
limits were identical with those of the Province.
"DORCHESTER COUNTY is divided into five Hundreds,
Little Choptanck " "^
"AND THAT WHERE THE COURT HOUSES within
any of the Counties of province are placed conven-
ient where Churches may stand or be Erected, that in
such case the said Court Houses be made use off for
Churches to perform Divine Duty and Service in;
especially Dorchester County Court house in the
parish of Great Choptanck, so that instead of Build-
ing a Church at Cambridge, the vestrey may build
a Chappell of Ease in some other convenient place. "^
'Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 24.
2 Arch. Md., Vol. 20, p. 283.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 155
"DORCHESTER COUNTY is divided into two Parishes,
viz"^ Great Choptanck and Dorchester Parish."
"The Bounds whereof being Artificiall and some
what long I have not here inserted. But are
Entered among the Councill proceedings had and
taken in S"^ Edm'' Andros's time being then Re-
turned but no Acco't of the Vestrymen was
REPORT to the Assembly
"July 30, 1694. They can Give noe certain Re-
turne as yet for the County of Dorchester. "-
"Wee the said Justices and Freeholders . . . did
agree and consent unto that the said County of Dorchester
should be Divided into two several Districts and Parishes
by a Divisionale Line drawne from the Mouth of Little
Choptank River binding therewith to the head of the said
River from thence with a straight Line drawne to the
head of the North branch of Black Water River to a
plantation now in the Tenure or occupation of Benjamin
Hunt of this County thence runing downe the said river
on its severall Courses to the Mouth of the same. The
Eastermost of which Parishes is named and called by the
Name of Great Choptanck Parish, the other Parish is called
and knowne by the name of Dorchester Parish . .
June 10'^ 1693.
Hu. Eccleston, CI. Com.
» Arch. N!d., Vol. 23, p. 22.
» Arch. Md., Vol. 20, p. 111.
' Arch. Md., Vol. 20, p. 67.
156 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
GREAT CHOPTANK PARISH was on the northern side
of the county and included most of the pres-
No. 27 ent county of Dorchester. The parish was
divided from Dorchester parish on the south
by a line "Begining at the mouth of the little Choptanck
binding therewith to the head of s"^ River, — from tl ence
with a straight line to the north Branch of Blackwater
River to Benj. Hunt's Plantation, thence down said river
to the mouth of the same."^
"VESTRYMEN: yet do find by a Return of the Vestry
of Great Choptanck Parish the s*^ Return be'ng
Subscribed thus, viz'
M^ Phil V. Pitt \
M Obadiah King
M' Edward Stephens
M' John Person
M' John Lecompt."-
"ALSO it being represented by the Burgesses of Dorchester
County that the Court house at Cambridge Stands
convenient for a Church in the Parish it is built in;
Ordered it be Used for that End also."'^
"The petition of Philip Pitt and others vestrymen of the
parish of Great Choptanck in Dorchester County
read and thereupon the the House are of the opinion
that the s*^ Vestry proceed to build their church as
to them shall seem convenient."^
THE REV. THOMAS HOWELL was the first Minister,
1696-1728 of Great Choptank Parish.^
ST. MARY'S WHITE CHAPEL PARISH was erected from
this parish by Act of the Assembly 1725, Chapter 6.^
'Arch. Md., Assembly Proceedings 16'53.
2 Arch. Md.. Vol. 23, p. 22.
^ Arch. Md., Vol. 19, p. 234, and various authorities.
" Arch. Md., Vol. 19, p. 359.
5 Allen Ms.
^ Bacon's Laws of Maryland.
Cambridge, Dorchester County
The first services of the Church after the Establishment were held in this parish
(Great Choptank) in the Court House at Cambridge.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 157
DORCHESTER PARISH occupied all of the territory
south of the Little Choptank and the line that
No. 28 connected it with the Black Water river.
Some later writers contend that the waters of
Fishing Creek are really the headwaters of the Little
"VESTRYMEN for Dorchester parish as by Return,
M' Arthur Witley
M' William Robison
M' John Button
M' Thomas Vickers
M' James Moadsly
M' William Shinton. [Shenton]"^
THE OLD CHURCH of Dorchester Parish which is still
standing is said to have been built prior to the
"Establishment." It is known as Trinity Church,
first receiving this name April 17, 1853 when con-
secrated by the Rt. Rev. Henry J. Whitehouse,
then Bishop of Illinois, and acting for Bishop Wm.
R. Whittingham, then Bishop of Maryland, who was
sick at the time.
THE REV. THOMAS HOWELL was rector from 1697 to
1708;^ the Rev. Thomas Howell incumbent in 16%.^
The Rev. Mr. Huett was preaching in Dorchester
Parish in 1691.^
1 Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 22.
- Allen Ms.
'B. C. Steiner in Md. Hist. Magazine, Vol. 12, p. 1 19.
< Allen Ms., p. 15.
158 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
Named after Cecilius Calvert, second Lord Baltimore.
CECIL COUNTY was erected by proclamation in 1674.
Its boundaries included, for about two weeks,
No. 10 all of the area now within the two counties
of Cecil and Kent.
The proclamation erecting the county bore date
of June 6th, 1674, and its provisions were met with
such a storm of protests from the inhabitants of the
lower part of what is now Kent county that the
Proprietary in less than two weeks issued an "Order,"
June 19th 1674, giving back to Kent what she had
held as hers for many years. The "Order" read in
part as follows: — " . . that so much of the
Eastern side as was formerly added to Kent County
doe still remaine and belong to the s'' County as
aforesaid — ."*
"CECIL COUNTY is divided into two four Hundreds, viz''
Elk *• "2
' Arch. Md., Council Proceedings 1674.
' Arch. Md,, Vol. 23, p. 24.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 159
"CECIL COUNTY is divided into two Parishes, viz'
These two parishes comprised all of the county
and they were divided by the "Sassafrax" river.
REPORT TO THE ASSEMBLY
July 30 1694
"Cecil County hath 3 parishes
1 vacant of both
Church & Minister."^
THE COURT HOUSE was first located on Ordinary
Point on the Sassafras River. Later on moved to
Charlestown and still later to "Head of Elk," now
Elkton, the present County Seat.
'Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 20.
2 Arch. Md.. Vol. 20, p. 111.
The Fulham records mention 3 1 parishes in the province. It was evi-
dently expected that the other parish (St. Andrew's) would be laid out to cover
the territory to the north of the Elk river. Just why it never was laid out I have
been unable to find. The records of the county show that only two parishes were
laid out notwithstanding the "Report" to the Assembly.
160 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
"SOUTH SASSAFRAX PARISH consists of these follow-
ing Hundreds, viz''
No. 29 Worton Hundred
South Sassafrax " "^
At that time the parish was bounded on the north by
the Sassafras river, on the west by the Chesapeake Bay,
on the south by a line running from the head of Worton
creek to some point on Morgan's creek. Like the other
border parishes its outer bounds were identical with those
of the Province.*
"VESTRYMEN for the said Parish as by Return, viz'
Col. William Peirce
M' William Harris
M' Edward Blay
M' William Elins
M' George Sturton
M' Edward Scidmore"^
SHREWSBURY CHURCH at the head of Turners
creek in Kent County was the parish church. It
was first built about 1693. The present church in
THE REV. LAWRENCE VANDERBUSH, the first rec-
tor, was serving from 1692 until his death in 1696.^
The Rev. Rich'd Sewell succeeded him;^ which is
confirmed by another authority.^
1 Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 20.
2 Arch. Md., Vol. 23. p. 20.
'See St. Paul's Parish, Kent County.
« Allen Ms., p. 18.
' B. C. Steiner in Md. Hist. Magazine, Vol. 12, p. U'^
SHREWSBLRY, BLILT 1833
Locust Grove, Kent County
When Shrewsbury Parish was laid out in 1692 a church, according to the records
was then standing that had been built prior to 16*51. The first parish church was
built in 1693, repaired in 1701, again in 1705, and rebuilt of brick in 1729. That one
was torn down in 1829 and the present one built in 1832.
.s I . S fEPHEN
Earleville. Cecil County
When the first parish church of North Sassafras Parish was built, 1705, it succeeded
a "Meeting House" which was standing as early as 1601. The parish church has been
rebuilt three times: 1737, 1823 and again in 1873.
THE FIRST PARISF-IES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 161
"NORTH SASSAFRAX PARISH consists of Bohemia
and Elk Hundreds."' It was bounded on the
No. 30 south by the Sassafras river on the east its
bounds were the same as those of the
Province. This was true of the northern boundary
also. The Chesapeake bay was its western boundary.
It was later called St. Stephen's Parish.
VESTRYMEN for the s'^ Parish as by Return, viz'
Coll. Caspa' Herman
Maj' John Thompson
M^ William Ward
M' Henry Rigg
M' Matth. Vanderhaden
M' Henry Jones. "^
ST. STEPHEN'S CHURCH stands at the head of Bo-
hemia river. The first church on the spot was begun
in 1702 and dedicated in 1706.
THE REV. LAWRENCE VANDERBUSH was rector
from 1692 to 1694. The Rev. Rich'd Sewell was
incumbent in 1696.^ He was sent as rector of this
and South Sassafras Parish^ in 1697. He also preach-
ed at St. Ann's Church near Middletown/ Delaware,
about 1 704.
NORTH ELK PARISH was erected^ out of this parish
by Act of the Assembly in 1706, Chapter 4. It is
now called St. Mary Ann's Parish.
1 Arch. Md., Vol. 23, p. 20.
2 Arch. Md., yol. 23, p. 21.
^ See St. Paul's Parish Records, Kent County.
*Hist. of Delaware, Conrad.
' B. C. Steiner in Md. Hist. Magazine, Vol. 12, p. 119.
' Bacon's Laws of Maryland.
Papers relating to the Establishment.
Census of Maryland 1696.
Parishes of Maryland and the
District of Columbia 1922.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 16J
INDUCTION OF AN INCUMBENT
"The bearer hereof is M' Stephen
Bordley who is sent by the Right
Honorable and Right Reverend
Father in God, Henry, Lord Bishop
of London in order to officiate as
a clergyman of the Church of England
in this his Majesty's Province of
Maryland; I do therefore, in his
Majesty's name appoint the same
M' Stephen Bordley to officiate as
a clergyman of the Church of England
in the Parish of S' Paul in Kent
Given under my hand and seal
at the Port of Annapolis the 23"^
day of June in the year of the
reign of our Sovereign Lord William
the Third, by the Grace of God of
England, Scotland, France and
Ireland, King, Defender of the
Faith ^^ Anno Domini 1697.
**** + ***+ + + +
The Vestrymen of S^ Paul's Parish, Kent County,
■ Governor of the Province.
166 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
At a Council Meeting at Annapolis
There was a letter written to the Commissioners of
Trade and Plantation refuting some charges made against
the Law by the members of the Church of Rome and by
the Quakers. The letter is in part as follows :
"We^ assert to your Lord^^^ for an undoubted
truth, that there is nothing imposed upon any dis-
senting Protestant or even Papist but the payment
of 40 "'• p poll equal with his Maj"^'" other Protes-
tant Subjects & none of the other injunctions in that
Law have been so much as pretended to be imposed
upon any dissenting Protestant but, on the contrary
they are permitted the quiet & peaceable enjoyment
6z use of their Religion w''^ out the Least Molesta-
tion whatsoever & therefore they greatly wrong that
Law & the Gov' by their Insinuations in the first
second & third exceptions.
There has no sects of Religion here opposed
that law but the Papists and the Quakers who from
the first beginning of his Ma"" happy Gov' here
with which that Law entered, have with their great-
est might obstructed it, . . . in fine may it
please your Lordships their design is not only
against that Law but Extablishing Protestant Re-
ligion here, and there might be no more Countenance
given to it now under his Ma''" Gov' than was
under Lord Baltimore's who was a Papist & as they
say so it was Liberty of Conscience to all without
publick Countenance to any but we are assured as
by his Ma''" matchless valour and conduct he pre-
1. Members of the Provincial Council
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 167
served our lives and fortunes from destruction no
less our Religion also and we hope to enjoy both
and at the same time permit the Quiet Exercise of
Dissenters in theirs while they will use it with
peace and quietness. With which we will beg your
Lord^"' pardon for so intruding so long upon
your patience and beg leave to subscribe
Your Lordships most humble Sz
Hen : Jowles
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 169
CENSUS OF THE PROVINCE IN 1696'
" Count YS
William and Mary
King and Queen
William and Mary
is is in Middle Neck)
Edw'd Topp, Jr.
Geo. Trotter ut supra
IB. C. Stciner, "Some Unpublished Manuscnpts from Fulham Palace Relating
Maryland." Maryland Historical Magazine, Vol. XII, p. 1 18-1 19.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 171
ACTS OF THE ASSEMBLY
Subsequent to the Establishment
Chapter 5. Division line between St. Paul's and Shrewsbury Parishes.
Chpater 50. Providing for Church (St. Ann's) Middle Neck Parish,
Anne Arundel County.
Chapter 5. Land given to Christ Church Parish, Calvert County.
Chapter 5. Land for St. James Herring Creek Parish, Anne Arundel
1704. Chapter 96. Queen Anne Parish erected from St. Paul's Parish, Prince
1706. Chapter 4. North Elk Parish erected in Cecil County.
1706. Chapter 7. Newport Hundred taken from King and Queen Parish and
added to William and Mary Parish, Charles County.
1718. Chapter 8. Providing for church, St. Ann's, Middle Neck Parish, Anne
1719. Chapter 6. Rector of St. John's Parish, given "Stoakley Manor," Bal-
1720. Chapter 4. Old State House and lot at St. Mary's City "settled on"
Rector of William and Mary Parish, St. Mary's County.
1722. Chapter 3. Part of St. Paul's Parish, Baltimore County, annexed to
Westminster Parish, Anne Arundel County.
172;. Chapter 9. Chapel of Ease at Vienna, Great Choptank Parish, Dor-
1725. Chapter 10. St. Mary's White Chapel Parish erected out of Great Chop-
tank Parish, Dorchester County.
1726. Chapter 6. Prince George's Parish erected out of St. John's Parish
(Piscattaway), Prince George's County.
1727. Chapter 10. Providing Parish Church, St. Paul's Parish, Baltimore
1728. Chapter 19. St. Luke's Parish erected out of St. Paul's Parish, Queen
1728. Chapter 15. Queen Caroline Parish erected, Anne Arundel County.
172S. Chapter 25. Chapel of Ease, Middle Neck Parish, .Anne Arundel County.
1729. Chapter 11. Chapel of Ease, Middle Neck Parish, Anne .Arundel County.
1729. Chapter 10. New Church, All Hallow's Parish, Anne Arundel County.
1729. Chapter 13. Erecting church, St. Luke's Parish, Queen Anne County.
1730. Chapter 2. Chapel of Ease at Vienna, Great Choptank Parish, Dor-
1730. Chapter 9. Church, St. Paul's Parish, Baltimore County.
1731. Chapter 4. New Church, Westminster Parish, Anne Arundel County.
1731. Chapter 11. Church, St. Paul's Parish, Baltimore County.
1732. Chapter 12. New Church, Christ Church Parish, Calvert County.
1732. Chapter 28. New Church, Durham Parish, Charles County.
1732. Chapter 29. New Church and Chapel of Ease, St. Paul's Parish, Prince
172 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
Chapter 21 .
ACTS OF ASSEMBLY— Continued
New Church and Chapel of Ease, North Sassafras Parish,
New church to be built and Newport Church repaired.
King and Queen Parish, St. Mary's County.
Church in Durham Parish, Charles County.
Same as Chapter 9. 1735.
Same as Chapter 10, 1733.
St. Mary Ann's Parish erected, Cecil County.
St. Thomas' Parish erected, Baltimore County.
All Saint's Parish erected, Frederick County.
Augustine Parish erected. Cecil County.
Trinity Parish erected, Charles County.
St. Mary's County divided into four parishes.
Chapel of Ease erected on land given by Wm. Scott.
( 7) County.
Chapel already built to be made a Chapel of Ease, Prince
Land for St. James Herring Creek Parish, Anne Arundel
Worcester Parished erected, Worcester County.
Same as Chapter 14, 1744.
Chapel of Ease to be built, Christ Church Parish, Calvert
Church and two chapels of ease to be built in All Saints
Parish, Frederick County.
Land. Westminster Parish. Anne Arundel County.
Land. Middle Neck Parish, Anne Arundel County.
Chapel of Ease, Shrewsbury Parish, Kent County.
Bounds of King and Queen Parish, St. Mary's County.
Bounds of All Faith Parish, St. Mary's County.
Same as Chapter 14, 1744, St. Mary's County.
New church at Snow Hill. Worcester County.
Church enlarged, Christ Church Parish, Kent Island.
Trinity Parish, Charles County.
Bounds of King and Queen Parish, St. Mary's County.
St. John's Parish erected. Queen Anne County.
Chapel of Ease, St. John's Parish, Baltimore County.
Parish Church, St. Paul's Parish, Baltimore County.
New Church and Chapel of Ease, St. George's Parish,
Baltimore, now Harford County.
Parish Church to be enlarged, William and Mary Parish,
St. Mary's County.
Parish Church, All Saints Parish, Frederick County.
Chapel of Ease to be erected. King and Queen Parish, St.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 173
ACTS OF ASSEMBLY— Concluded
Glebe, Durham Parish, Charles County.
Parish Church and Chapel of Ease to be built in Trinity
Parish, Charles County.
New church to be built, Portobacco Parish, Charles County.
Chapel of Ease to be built, Coventry Parish, Somerset
Parish Church and Chapel of Ease.
Same as Chapter 12, 175 1.
Chapel of Ease repaired, St. Paul's Parish, Prince Georges
Vestrymen, St. Andrews Parish, St. Mary's County.
Chaptico Church to be repaired. King and Queen Parish,
St. Mary's County.
Chapel of Ease at Ivy Springs, Portobacco Parish, Charles
Chapel of Ease, Worcester Parish, Worcester County.
New Church, St. Mary's White Chapel Parish, Dorchester
Same as Chapter 6, 1748, Worcester County.
Same as Chapter 7, 1750, Baltimore County.
Same as Chapter 7, 1750, Baltimore County.
Chapel. Somerset Parish, Somerset County.
Chapel of Ease to be built at T. L., St. Paul's Parish,
New Church to be built St. James Herring Creek Parish,
Anne Arundel County.
Relating to No. Sassafras, Parish. Cecil County.
Enlarging Church, St. Johns Parish, Baltimore County.
Chester Parish erected, Kent County.
St. James Parish erected, Baltimore County.
Eden alias Zion Parish erected, Frederick County.
St. John's Parish, Hagerstown, erected Frederick County.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 175
CATHEDRAL OF THE INCARNATION
Churches In Use 1923
Christ Church Chapel
Grace and St. Peter
Grace Deaf Mute Mission
Grace Chapel, Mt. Winans
Prince of Peace
St. Andrew's, Hamilton
St. David's, Roland Park
St. James', Irvington
St. James" (Colored)
St. John's, Catonsville Ave.
St. John's, Mt. Washington
St. Katharine's Chapel
St. Mary the Virgin Chapel
St. Mary's, Hampden
St. Michael and All Angels
St. Mathias, Belgravia
St. Paul's Chapel
St. Philip's, Highlandtown
St. Stephen the Martyr
St. Thomas', Homestead
Trinity, Ten Hills
176 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
CATHEDRAL OF ST. PETER AND ST. PAUL
(The National Cathedral)
Churches In Use 1923
Good Shepherd Chapel
Holy Comforter Chapel
St. Agnes' Chapel
St. Barnabas' Chapel
St. Columba's Chapel
St. David Chapel
St. George's Chapel
St. John's, Georgetown
St. John's Chapel
St. Mary's Chapel
St. Matthew's Chapel
St. Matthew's, Bennings
St. Matthew's, Seat Pleasant
St. Michael and All Angels
St. Monica's Chapel
St. Patrick's Chapel
St. Peter and St. Paul's
St. Philip the Evangelist
Trinity, Takoma Park
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 177
Washington, D. C.
Washington, D. C.
Washington, D. C.
VV ashington, D. C.
Washington, D. C.
Washington, D. C.
Washington, D. C.
Washington. D. C.
Washington, D. C.
Washington, D. C.
Havre de Grace
Havre de Grace
"1. U." Christ Church
Washington, D. C.
178 THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND
MARYLAND PARISHES— Continued
E, Easton; M, Maryland; W, Washington
King and Queen
Piscattaway Broad Creek 1692
Washington, D. C.
Washington, D. C.
Washington, D. C.
Washington, D. C,
St. Mary Anne's
St. Mary's Whitechapel
St. Mary's City
St. Mark's '
Washington, D. C.
Washington, D. C.
St. Michael's and All Angels
Washington, D. C.
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 179
MARYLAND PARISHES— Concluded
E, Easton; M, Klaryiand; \V, Washington
Vi'illiam and Mary
William and Mary
Washington, D. C
Point of Rocks
East New Market
Washington, D. C
Washington, D. C
Washington, D. C
Washington, D. C
THE FIRST PARISHES OF THE PROVINCE OF MARYLAND 181
McMahon's "History of Maryland."
Chalmer's "Political Annals "
Chalmer's "Opinions of Eminent Lawyers "
Henning's "Statutes at Large "
Encyclopedia Britannia, gth Edition.
Johnson's "Founders of Maryland."
Hall's "Narratives of Early Maryland."
Archives of Vlaryland.
Hawk's "Ecclesiastical History of the United States," Vol. 2.
Kilty's "Landholders' Assistant. "
Reports of the American Historical Society.
Thomas' "Chronicles of Colonial Maryland."
Allen's Manuscript "History of the Church in Maryland."
Baldwin's "Calendar of Wills "
Ridgely's "Old Brick Churches."
Gambrall's "Church Life in Colonial Maryland."
Mathews' "Counties of Maryland."
Bacon's "Laws of Maryland."
Scharf's "History of Baltimore County "
Tilghman's "History of Talbot County."
Earle & Skirven's "Marylands Colonial Eastern Shore."
Harrison's Manuscript "History of the Church in Talbot County."
Conrad's "History of Delaware."
Bozman's "History of Maryland."
Steiner. "Some Unpublished Manuscripts from Fulham Palace, etc."
Parish Records of the Thirty Original Parishes.
Court Records of the Ten Original Countys.
Land Records of the Ten Original Countys.
Wroth. "The First Sixty Years of the Church of England in Maryland.'
Names, Counties, Court Houses, Hundreds, Parishes,
Churches, Geographical Names and
Abbett, Samuel Senr
Adams, Rev. Alexander
Addison, Col. John. 37, 39, 40, 73,
Alfred the Great
Allen, Rev. Ethan lOti,
Andros, Gov. Edmund
Anne. Queen of England 95,
Arundel, Lady Anne
Archbishop of Canterbury 26, 28,
Ashman. George 40,
Baltimore, Lord, First. . . .3, 4, 7,
Second. . . . 1-1 1,
118, 137, 148,
Third.. . .14, 23,
28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 130,
Barton, William 128,
Bishop of Illinois
Bishop of London, W'm. Laud. . .
ton. . 13, 15,
18, 28, 38, 127, 145,
Bishop of Maryland
Blackiston (orBlackistone), Govr.
Nathaniel. ... 19, 72
37, 39, 40,
Bladen. William 96,
Bordley, Rev. Stephen 117,
146 Bozman, John 43
150 Bray, Rev. Thomas. ... 18, 19, 71, 73,
141 74, 126
74, Brooke (or Brooks), Thomas, .37, 40,
164 73, 74, 98, 128, 164
105 Dr. John 39,47
I 30 Browne, Col. David 37, 39, 40
155 Brown, William 122
102 Brechin, Rev. James 153, 171
118 Brisco, Phillip 113
105 Bullett, Joseph 133, 134
140 Burgess, Edward 121
129 Button, John 157
Calverts, the 14
''t> Calvert, Benedict 14
'•^5 Cecelius.4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 12,
27, 27, 104, 111, 158
'58 Charles 14, 27, 130
27. George 2, 3, 5, 143
'*^^ Leonard 5,6,7,8
'•* Campbell, John 112
'"* Canterbury, Archbishop of
113 26, 28, 105
133 Carlisle, Earl of 23
39 Carolina, Lords Proprietors of. . . 23
112 Carter, Philip 152
123 Carteret, Sir George 23
41 Carvel, Major John 40
120 Chairs, John 145
I 57 Chambers, Richard 1 50
2 Charles 1. of England 3, 9
Charlet, Richard 128
1 7, Chase, Samuel 97
162 Cheseldyne, Kenelm 39, 40, 112
157 Clarke, Philip 40
Clayland, Rev. James
, 98 42, 106, 146, 147
Clegate, Thomas 126
1 1 3 Cleybourne, William 2, 116
101 Clouds. Richard 113
122 Cockshutt, Rev. Thomas 96, 127
160 Codd, Col. St. Leger 41, 42
40 Colcbatch, Rev. Joseph 121
162 Coleburn, William 151
96 Collyer, Robert 152
152 Commissioners of Trade & Plan-
146 tation. 17, 23, 30, 32, 71 , 72, 74, 163
Conner, Philip 116
Cony, Rev, Peregrine 122
Coode, Capt. John 39, 98, 113
Copley, Govt. Lionel. .14, 15, 16, 17,
37, 40, 47. 49, 58
Coppage, John 116
Corban, Nicholas 140
Cordey, Thomas 142
Cornwallis, Thomas 7
Coursey, William 145
Courtes (or Coates), Col. John
37, 39, 40, 73,98, 132, 133
Craven, Earl of 23
Crawford, Rev. Mr 112
Cressey, Samuel 132, 133
Cromwell, Oliver 9
Richard 139, 140
Crooke, Robert 42
Dalrumple, William 96
Dare, William 41, 42, 34
Davies (or Dawes), Rev. Thomas
106, 112. 113, 128, 129. 142
Davis. Capt. John 147
Dent. Capt. John 73. 113
William 41, 60, 134
Denton. Henry 41. 44, 49, 58, 59
Di.xon, Thomas 151
Dorset, Earl of 1 54
Dorsey. John 41
Draper. Lawrence 122
Dulaney, Daniel 97
Eager, George 123
Eagle, Robert 123
Eareckson, Matthew 107
Eaton. Rev. Jeremiah 142
Eccleston, Hugh 155
Edmondson. John 39. 40. 41. 43
Edwards, Rev. John 141. 142
Elins, William 160
Elzey. John 148
Emmet. John 135
Ennals, Thomas 41. 43
Evans. Rev. Evan 142
Evernden. Thomas 41
Ferry, John 140
Firnley, Henry 126
Finney. William 40. 145
Fowke, Elizabeth 134
Francklin. John 153
Frisby. James 37. 40
Fuller. Edward 123
Gardner. Capt. Richard 129
Gassaway, Nicholas 39
Gay, John 140
Geddes, Andrew 127
George I. of England 14
Gerrard, Capt. Thomas 102
Gillam. John 129
Godwin (or Godden), John 41
Gourwin. Thomas 13
Greenbury, Col. Nicholas. .37, 39, 40
Greenfield, Thomas 41. 128
Gresham, John 121
Grey. Miles 1 50
Groome. Moses 141
Guilford, Lord 15
Haley, Thomas 141
Hall, Rev. Henry 120, 126, 127
Hammond. Edward 153
John 41.73. 164
Hance. John 127
Hanslope. Capt. Henry 121
Hanson. Hans 40. 117
Harbert. William 132
Hardy. Henry 132
Harness, Jacob 122
Harris, James 108
William 39. 40. 160
Harrison, Richard 133
Hatton. William 135
Hawkins, Henry 41, 133
Hawton, William 132
Heigh, James 96
Hemsley. William Jr 144
Herman, Col. Casparus 161
Hill, Rev. Richard 126
Hodge, Thomas 141
Holdsworth, Samuel 126
Holebrokc, Thomas 152
Hollacc, William 142
Holland, Capt. William 98, 120
Hollyday, Vlr. James 97
Hopkins, Jonathan 144, 145
Horsey, Nathaniel 150
Hoskins, Capt. Philip. . ..41, 133. 134
Howard, Cornelius 122
Howell, Rev. Thos 156, 157
Huett (Hewett), Rev. John. . .40, 42,
106, 150, 152, 157
Hull, Rev. Richard 127
Hunt, Benjamin 1 56
Hussey, Thomas 131
Hutchins, Col. Charles 37, 40
Hutchinson, William 135
Illinois, Bishop of 157
James I. of England 3, 12
James, Charles 39
Rev. Richard 2, 6. 13, 116
Jenckins, Francis 151
Johnson, George 148
Jones, Edward 39, 41
Jowles, Col. Henry. . . .37, 39, 40, 164
Judwin, John 146
Keech, James 129
Keith, Rev. Robert . 153
Kemp, Thomas 1 27
King, Elias 40
Langworth. Mr 98, 1 13
Laurence, Col. Wm 116
Lawrence, Sir Thomas 37, 40
Layfield, George 151
Lecompt, John 156
Lcich (or Leach), John Jr 127
Rev. Joseph 146, 160
Lewis, Wm 7
Lillingston, Rev. John. .106, 145, 146
LIcwellen, John 40. 49, 58, 59, 112
Lloyd, Edward 73, 98
Lock wood, Capt. Robert 120
Lomax, C 133
Lowe, Nicholas 146
Macklin, Robert 145
Magruder, Samuel 128
Magruther, Samuel 128
Manning, John 126
Marsden, Rev. Richard 147
Martin, Thomas 146
Maryland, Bishop of 157
Mary, Queen of England. . .35, 49, 58
Mary, the Blessed Virgin 110
Mason, Robert 40, 1 12
Mathews, Roger 142
Mattox, Lawrence 43
Maulden, Francis 126
Maxwell, Lt. Col 139
Merrican, Hugh 123
Miller, Michael 39, 117
Mitchell, Henry 41
Moadsly, James 157
Moore, Rev. Mr 106, 132, 133
' Morien, Rev. Mr 128
Mullett, Rev. William 13, 126
Murphey, Capt. James 147
Nichols, William 127
Nicholson, Gov. Francis. . . 17, 18, 63,
Nicols, Rev. Henry 147
Nobbes, Rev. Benj 112
Nuball, Thomas 151
Odber, Capt. John 148
Ormond, Duke of 23
Owen, Rev. Robert 128
Paca, William 97
Panter, John 1 50
Parker, John 142
Pead. Rev. Duell 13, 121
Pearce (or Pierce), Capt. William 160
Perrett, Nicholas 120
Person, John 1 56
Phelps, Walter 121
Phinney (Finney?), Wm 40
Pinder, Edward 41
Pitt, Philip V 156
Planer, Wm. Sr 151
Plater, George 60
Platts, Rev. Christopher 113
Pointer, Thomas 153
Pope, The 7
Povey, John ')5
Power, John 1 47
Preston, Capt. Thos 141
Revell, Randall 148
Richardson, Lawrence 141
Ridgeley. Henry 41
Rigbey, James 120
Rigg, Henry 161
Robins, George 1 46
Thomas 43, 146
Robison, William 157
Robotham, Charles 37
Col. George 3Q, 40
Roper, William 121
Round, William 153
Sampson, Richard 140
Sanders, James 41
Saunders, James 98
Scarborough, Matt 153
Scidmore, Edward IbO
Scott, Daniel 141
Selbey, Thomas 153
Sewell, Rev. Richard 160, 161
Seymour, Go\t. Joseph 102
Sherwood, Hugh 40, 147
Shinton. William 157
Siclemore, Samuel 141
Skinner, Andrew 147
Slye, Capt. Gerrard 102
Smallwood, John 135
Major James 41
Smith, George 142
Smithson, Thomas 147
Smyth, Thomas 117
Somerset, Mary 148
Southern, Richard 1 29
Sourton, Re\'. Francis 13
Staley, Thomas 39, 40, 141
Stephens, Edward 1 56
Stoddart, James 135
Stone, John 134
Govr. William 9
Sturton, George 160
Talbot, Grace 143
Tanneyhill, Wm 135
Tasker, Thomas 41, 127, 164
Taylard, W 44,94, 101
Tayler, Abraham 141
Tench, Thomas 37, 40, 120
Theakston, Thomas 42
Theodore of Tarsus 105
Thomas, John 39
Major John 140
Thompson, Major John 161
Thome, Capt. Wm 148
Tilden, Charles 117
Tilley, Joseph 120
Topp, Rev. Edw. Jr 123, 140
Trippe, Major Henry 39, 41
Trotter, Rev. George 150. 152
Tubman, Rev. George
132, 133, 134, 135
Turbut, Michael 147
Turling, Rev. John
106, 126, 128, 129, 134
Turner, Wm 127
Vandcrbush, Rev. Lawrence
106, 117, 160, Icil
Vanderhaden, Matthew 161
Vickers, Thomas 157
Walkers, .Mcxander 116
Ward, William 161
Warner, George 34, 41, 42
Walkings (or Watkins), Francis
Watkins, John 100, 121
Watson. John 40, 112
Weatherly , James 152
Wharfield, Richard 122
Wheeler, Samuel 40
White, John 148
Whitehouse, Rt. Rev. Henry J . 157
Whittingham, Rt. Rev. Wm. R.. 157
Whittington, John 14J
William 40, 43
Wiclder, John 132
Wilkinson, Rev. William 6, 9, 13
William III. of England., 14, 35, 49,
58, 93, 94, 97, 162
Williamson. "Mr. Secretary". . 23
W ilmore, Simon 117
Winder, John 148
Witley, .Arthur 157
Woolford, Roger 43
Wootton, Rev. James 122, 123
Workman, Anthony 116
Wright, Nathaniel 145
Wroth, James 42
Wynne, Edward 40
Yates, Robert 132
Yco, Rev. John 13,26,141,142
HUNDREDS Old County
Annemcssex Somerset 149, 151
Bay Talbot 143. 147
Bohemia Cecil 158, 161
Broad Neck Anne Arundel 119, 123
Bollingbroke Talbot 143, 146
Chaptico St . Mary's 110
Chester River, Lower Kent 115
Upper Kent 115
Chester Talbot 143
Choptank, Great Dorchester 154
Little Dorchester 154
Cliffs, Lower End of Calvert 124, 126
Upper End of Calvert 124, 127
Eastern Neck Kent 115
Elk Cecil 158, 161
Elkton Head Calvert 124, 126
Fishing Creek Dorchester 154
Gunpowder River Baltimore 138, 141
South Baltimore 138, 141
Harvey St. Mary's 110, 129
Hermitage Dorchester 154
Herring Creek Anne Arundel 119, 120
Hunting Creek Calvert 124, 126
Island Kent 115
Island Talbot 143, 147
Kent Island, Lower Talbot 143
King and Queen Parish, Upper Charles 130
Langford's Bay Kent 115
Leonard's Creek Calvert 1 24, 1 26
Lyon's Creek Calvert 124,127
Manii (Monii) Somerset 149, 150
Manokin Somerset 1 49, 150
Mattapany Somerset 1 49, 153
Middle Neck Anne Arundel 119
Mill Talbot 143, 147
Mount Calvert Calvert 128
Nanjemy (Nanjemoy), Upper Charles 130
Nanjemay (Nanjemoy), Lower Charles 130
Nanticoke Dorchester 1 54
Nanticoke Somerset 149, 152
Newport Charles 113, 130
New Town St. Mary's 110, 111
Patapsco, North Side Baltimore 138, 140
South Side Baltimore 138
Pocomoke Somerset 1 49, 1 5 1
Poplar Hill St. Mary's 99, 110
Poquede Norton (or Bogettenorton) Somerset 149, 153
HUNDREDS Old County
Portobacco, East Side Charles 130
West Side Charles 130
Resurrection St. Mary's 110
Sassafrax, South Cecil 158. 160
South River Anne Arundel 1 19, 121
Specutia Baltimore 138, 139
St. Clements St. Mary's Ill
St. Georges St. Mary's 110
St. Inegos St. Mary's 110
St. Maries St. Mary's 110
St. Michaels St. Mary's 110
Swan Creek Kent 115
Town Kent 115
Town Neck Anne Arundel 119, 123
Tredhaven (Third Haven) Talbot 143, 146
Tuckahoe Talbot 143, 145, 146
West River Anne Arundel 119, 120, 121
Wiccocomoco Somerset 149, 152
William and Mary Parish. Upper Charles 130
Lower Charles 130
Worrell Talbot 143
Worton Cecil 158, 160
Parish Present Name Old County
All Faiths All Faiths Calvert 108, 124, 125. \29
All Saints All Saints Calvert 108. 125, 127
Broad Neck Westminster Anne Arundel. . . . 108, 118, 119, 123. 123
Christ Church Christ Church Calvert 108, 124. 125, 129
Copley St. John's Baltimore 108, 138, 139, 141, 141
Coventry Coventry Somerset 108, jj/, 1 5 1
Dorchester Dorchester Dorchester 108, 155, 157
Great Choptanck. .Great Choptank. . . Dorchester
65. 108. 1^4. 154. 155. ;j6. 156
Herring Creek St. James Anne Arundel 108, 1 19. 120, 120
King and Queen. . .King and Queen. . . .St. Mary's 108, 111, 113, 130
Kent Island Christ Church Kent 108, 115, 116
Middle Neck St. Ann's Anne Arundel 108, 119, /22, 122
Nanjemy Durham Charles 108. 131. 133. 1J4. 134. 136
North Sassafrax.... North Sassafras. . . .Cecil 108, 109, 159. t6o, 161, 161
Patapsco St. Pauls Baltimore
108. 118, 119. 137. 138, 139, 140. 140
Pickamaxon William and Mary. .Charles 108, 131, 132, 132, 133, 136
Piscattaway St. Johns Charles 108. 119, 130, 130, 131,
13;, 135, 136, 136, 140
Portobacco Portobacco Charles 108, 131, 133, 133, 136
Snow Hill All Hallows Somerset 108, 149, 153
Somerset Somerset Somerset 108, 148, / 50, 150
South River AH Hallows Anne Arundel 108, 119, 120, 121
South Sassafrax Shrewsbury Cecil 108, 117. 159, 160, 161
Stepney Stepney Somerset 108. i;2, 152
St. Andrew's 109. 1 59
St. George's St. George's Baltimore. . .108, 115, 138, 138, 139, 142
St. Michael's St. Michael's Talbot 42, 108, 143, 147
St. Paul's St. Paul's Calvert 108. 124. 125. 128
St. Paul's St. Paul's Kent
IS. 108. ns. 115. ,;/. 117. 13S. 162
St. Paul's St. Paul's Talbot 108. 143. 144. 14s. 145. 164
St. Peter's St. Peter's Talbot 108. 143, 143, 146. 146
William and Mary. William and Mary. .St. Mary's 108. Ill, 112
Page numbers in italics denote reference to be found on illustration opposite the
Parishes Present Location Old County
All Saints Frederick Charles f j6, 1 36
Chester Kent Kent 114
North Elk (or Cecil Cecil ;jq, 161
St. Mary Anne's)
Prince George's. . . Prince George Prince George 130, 135, jj6, 136
Queen Anne Prince George Prince George 128, 163
Rock Creek Dist. of Columbia . . Charles ijo
St. Luke's Queen Anne's Talbot 144, 145
St. Mary's White Caroline Dorchester 1 56
St. Thomas' Baltimore Baltimore 759, 140
Trinity Charles St. Mary's and Charles 129
Whitemarsh Talbot Talbot 146
Worcester Worcester Somerset 153
Wye Queen Anne's Talbot 145
Page numbers in italics denote reference to he found on illustration opposite the
Old County Present County
All Faiths Calvert St. Mary's 106, 120, i2q
All Hallows (Snow Hill) Somerset Worcester 15 3, i;}
All Hallows (South River) . . . .Anne Arundel Anne Arundel . . 106, 121, /2/
All Saints Calvert Calvert 127, / 27
All Saints (Monii) Somerset Somerset . . .42, 106, 150, ;jo
All Saints (Frederick) Charles Frederick 136, / j6
Christ Church (Broad Creek). .Kent Queen Anne's
12, 106, 116, r/6
Christ Church (Easton) Talbot Talbot 14J, 146
Christ Church (Nanjemy) Charles Charles 1^2, 134
Christ Church, Cambridge. . . .Dorchester Dorchester 65, i;6, 156
Christ Church (I. U.) Kent Kent 114
Christ Church (Portobacco Charles Charles 106, ijj, 133
and La Plata)
Christ Church (Wayside) Charles Charles 106, 132, 132
Christ Church Calvert Calvert 106, 126, 126
Christ Church (St. Michaels) . .Talbot Talbot 143, 147
Christ Church (Chaptico) St. Mary's St. Mary's /;j, 1 13
Chester Church Talbot Queen Anne's 145
Coventry (Rehoboth) Somerset Somerset t^i , 151
Emmanuel (Chestertown) Kent Kent 1:4
Middleham Chapel Calvert Calvert 124
Shrewsbury (Locust Grove) . . .Cecil Kent 106, 160, 160
Spring Hill Somerset Wicomico 152
Stepney (Green Hill) Somerset Wicomico 42, 7j2, 152
St. Ann's (Middletown) State of Delaware 161
St. Ann's (Annapolis) Anne Arundel Anne Arundel 722, 122
St. Andrew's (Princess Anne). Somerset Somerset 148
St. Andrew's (Leonardtown). . .St. Mary's St. Marv's 1 1 1
St. Clement's Manor St. Mary's St. Mary's 113
St. George's (Poplar Hill) St. Mary's St. Mary's
9, 13, 106, 112, 112
St. James (Herring Creek) .... Anne Arundel Arundel 106, 120, 120
St. John's (Broad Creek) Charles Prince George's ij;, 135
St. John's (Kingsville) Baltimore Baltimore 106, 141, 141
St. Luke's (Church Hill) Talbot Queen Anne's 106, 164
St. Margaret's (Westminster). .Anne Arundel Anne Arundel 123, 123
St. Martin's Somerset Worcester 14^
St. Mary's (Northeast) Cecil Cecil i;q
St. Paul's (Rock Creek) Charles District of Columbia. . . . 130
St. Paul's (Fairlee) Kent Kent 106, 117, 117
St. Paul's Baltimore Baltimore City 140, 140
St. Paul's (Vienna) Dorchester Dorchester 1^4
St. Paul's (Baden) Calvert Prince George's. 106, 12S, 128
Page numbers in italics denote reference to be found on illustration opposite the
Old County Present County
St. Paul's St. Mary's 106
St. Stephen's (Earleville) Cecil Cecil 106, i6i, 161
St. Thomas (Garrison Forest). .Baltimore Baltimore lyg
Trinity (Church Creek) Dorchester Dorchester 106, 757, 157
Trinity (St. Mary's City) St. Mary's St. Mary's. . .9, 106, ijo, 110
Trinity (Elkton) Cecil Cecil lyS
Whitemarsh (ruins) Talbot Talbot 146, 146
Wye Talbot Talbot 106, 14s, 145
St. Paul's (Prince Frederick) . . Calvert Calvert 125, /25
St. Paul's (Centerville) Talbot Queen Anne's. . 106, 14s, 14^
Page numbers in italics denote reference to be found on illustration opposite the
Annapolis I*). 60, 63, 64,
68, 93, 98, 99, 122,
Blackwater River 155,
Bodkin Point 118,
Brewer's Branch 145, 146,
Broad Creek 12, 116,
Budds (Bird) Creek
Bush River 13, 138, 141,
Cambridge 65 , 154,
Chesapeake Bay 5, 110,
116, 117, 119, 120, 124,
140, 141, 142. 147, 160,
9, 115, 116, 117, 143,
Choptank River 143, 147,
"Cloppers" (Colgate) Creek. . . .
Eastern Bay 116, 143,
Eastern Shore 145, 148,
Eastern Shore of Virginia
England 5, 7, 14. 16, 18, 19,
33, 49, 73, 94, 102,
"Forked Neck" Plantation
France 49, 94, 102
Frederick (Maryland) 136
Gray's Inn Creek 115
Green Hill 152
Gunpowder River 139, 141
Hamblcton 1 46
Hampton, Virginia 2
Head of Elk (Elkton) 1 59
Hell Point 114
Hemsley's Plantation 144
Herring Creek 118, 124
Hopton 1 44
Hoskin's Quarter 133, 134
Hunt's Plantation 155, 156
Indian Creek 110
Ireland 3, 49, 94, 102
Isle of Kent 2, 6, 107
James River (Virginia) 12
Joppa 138, 141
Judwin's Branch 145, 146
Kent Island 9, 12, 114, 115, 116
Kipling, England 3
Lambeth. England 27
Langford's Bay 117
Langworth's Branch Ill, 113
•'Lisle Hall" Plantation 135
Little Choptank River 155, 156
London, England 14, 71
Longford. County of 3
Lyon's Creek 120
Magothy River 118, 138
Manokin River 135, 138
Marston, England 18
Maryland, Province of. . 1, 3. 6. 7, 15,
16, 18, 19. 23, 26. 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32. 35. 36, 47. 49, 93. 95, 96,
97, 102, 107, 109, 119, 130, 151
Mattawoman Creek .... 1 1 9, 113. 134
Middle River 139, 140. 141
Middletown (Delaware) 161
Miles River Neck 147
Mt. Calvert 125, 128
Nanjemy 133, 134
Nanticoke River 152
"Narrows," The 116, 143
New Castle (Delaware) 142
New England 1,2
New Foundland 3
New Jersey 23,30
New Town Ill
New Yarmouth 115
Ordinary Point 159
Oxford College 18
Oxford Town 146
Palmer's Island 2
Patapsco River.. ..118, 137, 138, 139
Patuxent River 110, 118, 120, 124
Patuxent River Main Road Ill
Perryman 1 42
Pettite's Old Field 140
Pine Hill Creek 110, 112, 124
Plowden's Wharf 113
Pocomoke City 151. 153
Pocomoke River 151
Point Lookout 110, 112
Poplar Hill 6, 9, 112
Portobacco Creek 113
110, 130, 132. 133, 134, 135
■"Prevent Danger" Plantation. . . 126
Princess Anne 1 49, 1 50
Rehoboth, Maryland 151
Rock Creek 136
Sassafras River. . . . 109. 159, 160, 161
Severn Heights 123
Severn Ridge Path 127
Skipton Creek 1 44, 1 46
State House (St. Mary's City) . .
St. Clement's Bay 112,
St. Clement's Island
St. Clement's Manor
St. Clement's River
St. Mary's City
2,' 6, 15, 47, 49, 110.
Susquehanna River 2, 137,
The "Three Notched Road"
110, 112, 113,
Virginia 1, 3, 6
Whitehall 14, 18, 19, 23,
"White Plaines" Plantation. . . .
Wicomico River 113,
Worton Creek 114, 117.
Wye River 144,
Act "Concerning Religion," 1649
"For Maintainance of Mini-
sters," 1661 12
"For the Service of Almighty
God, Etc.," 1692. . .10, 12, 15,
16, 17, 18, 47-58, 166
"For the Service of Almighty
God, Etc.," Defining its
"For the Service of Almighty
God, Etc.," Defects of this
"For the Service of Almighty
God, Etc.," Effective date 58
"For the Service of Almighty
God, Etc.," Date Repealed 93
"For the Establishment of
Religious Worship, etc.,"
1702 19, 71,94
"For the Establishment of
Religious Worship, etc.,"
Validity of 95, 96, 97
For Constables taking List of
Address to King William III. . . . 35
"Anabaptists" 1 1, 29, 30
Anglican Church 6
Answers to Queries about the
Province, 1676 32
Assembly, Maryland Provincial
12, 13, 15, 16, 17, 19, 30,
40, 47, 48. 49, 58, 71, 73,
74, 93, 94, 101, 107
Changes in person-
nel 41, 42, 43
"Associators " 39
Appeals from Vestry decisions to
be made to Governor and
Baptisms 25, 32, 65
"Barrowist " 11
Benefices, Collating of Ecclesias-
tical 17, 38
Bishop of London, Personal rep-
Board or Commissioners of Trade
17, 23, 28, 30, 32, 71
Book of Common Prayer
37, 71, 74,
Bray, Dr. Thomas.. 1 8, 19, 71, 73
Burials in the Province of Mary-
Calverts, As Anglican Church
As Roman Catholics. . ,
Rule of terminated, . . .
Rule of restored
Chaplains to the Council and As-
Charter of Avalon
of the Province of Mary-
land 3,4, 5,9, 12
Church of England. . . 1 , 2, 3, 6, 8,
15, 17, 18, 19, 26, 29,
31, 36, 38, 47, 50, 71,
75, 89, 93, 95, 99,
15, 16, 51, 58,
Growth of. . .
pline of the
of the. . .15,
of the. .. .
Ritesof the. 17,37
Church, The Puritan I
The Roman Catholic. . . 1,3
"The Established" 75
Churches, Care of 65
To be built in each
Twentv-two built in
churches are built . . 54
Churches, care of
To be used for Court
Church Wardens, Appointed each
of the Par-
Fines for non-
To see that pa-
r o c h i a 1
Fines to be lev-
Clerks of Parishes To make re-
Courts. . . .67,
Fee for record-
Clerks of Parishes
Colonies, The American
Colinists, The Roman Catholic. .
Commissary, Dr. Bray appointed
Commission of Gov. Lionel Cop-
Commonwealth of England
Copley, Instructions to Governor
Commission of Governor
Representative of Crown
Council, The King's, at Whitehall
Counties of the Province of Mary-
Work of Dividing into
County, Court Houses to be used
Decisions of Governor and Coun-
Disposition of the Forty per poll
Tax 76, 98, 99, 100, 101,
Dissenters and Quakers exempted
Drum, Council and Assembly
called by beat of drum
Ecclesiastical Benefices 17, 38
England, The Great Seal of 14
Revolution in 14
Fines To be applied to Parish
To be recorded in "Their
Majesties' Names" 53
Freedom to worship God 2
Freeholders 16, 51
To be notified to at-
tend meetings of
Voters in church elec-
tions must be ... . 78
Vestrymen must be 79
To name retiring ves-
To vote for church
" Idolators" 11
Inhabitants to furnish informa-
"Independents" 11, 29, 30
Instructions to Governor Leonard
Calvert and the Commission-
ers 6, 7
"Jesuited Papist " 11
Justices, Meeting of 51
Jurisdiction of 87, 92
Laws of Province of Maryland re-
pealed, 1692 44
Lord's Supper, Administering the 66
Laws, Ecclesiastial of England. . 9
Lay Readers, Appointed in va-
cant Parishes ... 65
To assist ministers
with two Par-
Appointed by Ves-
Licensed by the Or-
Salary of 88
Oath and Licenses
Marriages, Prevention of IllegaL
Who shall perform ce-
Place and time of. . .
"Tables" to be pro-
Meetings of Justices
Ministers of the Church of Eng-
Expenses of transpor-
tation to Maryland .
Induction of 15,
12, 16, 48,
To be one of the Vestry
Limited to two Parishes
Missionary 12, 13
Oath of Governor and Council . .
of Vestryman 64,
of Church Warden
Appointed by Parliament. 42
Parishes 16, 17, 24, 32.48,
Boundaires to be well
defined. . .
to be r e -
Courts. . .
Copy of Cer-
Dividing Counties into.
Number in each County
Ratifying records of. . . .
Parochial Charges to be paid out
of gifts to the Parishes
Penalties for Sabbath breaking. .
for failing to carry out
provisions of the Act
for absence from Ves-
Pilgrims of New England
of the Province of Mary-
Places of Worship of Dissenters
and Quakers to be registered. . 93
"Prespeterians ' 11. 30
Protestants 7, 8, 9, 166
Protestant Governor 10
Ministers 7, 9
Revolution in the
Province of Mary-
land 12, 14, 36
Quakers 33, 92, 93, 166
Queries about the Province of
Maryland 29, 30
Registers of Parishes, Appointed. 81
Oath of... 81
To rec ord
ings, etc. 81
ishes . . 82, 90
Religious Liberty 1,5, 15
An asset of the
Calverts. ... 5
The "Child of
Religious Toleration 8
Report to Governor and Council 16
Roman Catholics. 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 14
"Romish Church" 29
St. Cecelia's Day 5
St. George's Day Ill
Salaries of Chaplais n 42
"Scismatic " 11
Sheriffs, Jurisdiction of 60
To collect Forty per poll
To pay Forty per Poll
Tax to Vestry 78
Commission for collect-
ing Tax 55
Sheriffs, Jurisdiction of 60
To report Property Do-
To report number of
To collect additional Ten
pounds Tax 87
Sunday Observances 50
Tax Forty pounds of Tobacco
■•per Poll" 16, 55
Sheriff to Collect 55, 17. 87
to pay to vestry
55, n, 87
How to be Spent 56
Application of remainder of 88
Disposition of 76
Ten pounds of Tobacco ad-
Sheriff's salary for collecting 66
List of Taxables kept
with vestry records. . 55
Toleration Act 8
Trade Building in the Province
of Maryland 24, 32
Vestries, Authority for 78
Annual election on Eas-
ter Monday 80
Authority for calling
To build churches and
To build churches where
To determine dimen-
sions of Churches and
To obtain list of Tax-
ables yearly 55
Records to be kept in
To receive tax from
Instructed as to certain
interior work on
To see that churches are
decently kept 57
Meetings to be held once
a month 83
Vestries, Authority for 78
Public notice to be
given of meetings. ... 84
Auhtorined to accept
To act as a "'Body Cor-
Authorized to sue 56
To choose church war-
Meeting dates fixed. . 89
Appeals from their deci-
sions to be made to
Governor and Council 91
Authorizing vestry to
a vestry 78
Must be Freeholders. 79
Oath of 64,79
Oath administered to
First vestryman by
one of the justices. 79
Oath administered to
other vestrymen by
First Vestryman. . . 79
Additional Oath of. . 79
Two new ones chosen
Freeholders to name
retiring vestryman. 80
Penalty for absence
from vestry meet-
Election of 53,90
Number of to be cho-
Given authority of
To fill vacancies .... 57, 78
Suits to be entered in
the name of the
Virginia Colony, The 1,3,6
Visitation of Dr. Thomas Bray. . 19
Voters must be Freeholders 78
Whitehall, Council at 19
Writs of Election of Burgesses. . . 41
Anne Arundel. .39, 41, 106,
118, 119, 120, 124
Baltimore. . 39, 40, 106. 107,
118, 119, 137, 139,
Calvert 39,41,96, 106,
112, 120, 124, 125
Cecil 39, 41,42,
108, 109, 114,
Charles 39, 41. 106.
113, 119, 124,
132, 133, 135,
Dorchester 39. 41
107, 108, 154, 155, 156
Kent 9. 39. 40, 106, 107, 108,
114, 115, 116, 158, 160. 165
Prince George's 124, 142
St. Mary's. . .9, 39, 40, 106, 107, 108.
109, no. 111. 112. 113. 124, 130
Somerset 39. 40, 41, 42, 43, 106,
107, 108. 148, 149, 150, 152
Talbot 39, 40, 41, 42, 43. 106,
107, 108. 143, 144, 146
Worcester 1 49
Anne Arundel County 119
Dorchester 1 54
St. Mary's Ill