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Full text of "The Flemings in Oxford, being documents selected from the Rydal papers in illustration of the lives and ways of Oxford men 1650-1700"

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JU u> 



O;tfor^ 

HORACB HART, PRINTER TO THE UNIVERSITY 



•*-••- 



•v. 



• • 






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• • • •• 



• •-, 

•••• 



• 3 • •• 



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1 


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DANIEL FLEMING | 

Anno Domini 1665 1 
^H Aetatis Sane 33 ^^1 






DANIEL FLEMING 



Anno Domini 1665 
Aetatis Suae 33 



THE 



FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



BEING 



DOCUMENTS SELECTED FROM 
THE RYDAL PAPERS 



IN ILLUSTRATION OF 



THE LIVES AND WAYS OF OXFORD MEN 



1650-1700 



EDITED BY 



JOHN RICHARD MAGRATH, D.D. 

PROVOST OF QUEEN*S COLLEGE 



Vol. I 
1650-1680 



Oxford 

PRINTED FOR THE OXFORD HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

AT THE CLARENDON PRESS 

1904 

\^AiI rights reserved^ 



203493 



.•. •, 



• •' 



••. 



• • » <r* 






•••••. 



• • • 
••••• 



♦ • •• 



.."I 






PREFACE 

This book aims at doing for the latter half of the seven- 
teenth century, in the way of illustration of Oxford life and 
ways, iTirhat is done for the latter half of the eighteenth century 
in Mrs. Evans' Letters of Radcliffe and James. In the Pre- 
fatory Note to that book (p. xxii) I stated that I had been 
put on the track of what promised to be an interesting corre- 
spondence ; how interesting it was to turn out I had at the 
time little idea« 

In 1885 Sir Henry Maxwell Lyte, who was then engaged 
on his History of the University^ took occasion of a visit to 
Oxford to inspect the Diary of Thomas Crosfield in the 
College Library, and in course of conversation he told me that 
he was at work for the Historical Manuscripts Commis- 
sion on a collection of family papers which contained much 
information on the University life of the time. I understood 
that till the Commission had done with them no access to 
them could be obtained, but that he would be very happy 
to put me in the way of inspecting them afterwards. He 
added that he proposed to print everything of interest that 
he found in them. 

In 1890, in the seventh part of the Appendix to the Twelfth 
Report of the Commission, appeared the Calendar of the 
Manuscripts of S. H. le Fleming, Esq., of Rydal Hall. The 
glimpses in the Calendar of what I hoped to discover made 
me anxious to get to closer quarters with the collection, and 
with the kind co-operation of Sir Henry Maxwell Lyte 
I was enabled to obtain the consent of Mr. le Fleming to 
my inspection of the documents at the Public Record Office 
in London. I spent three foggy weeks of the following 
Christmas holidays in the Record Office, examining, tran- 
scribing, and acquainting myself, so far as time allowed, with 



dii PREFACE 

the contents of the collection. Through Sir Henry Maxwell 
Lyte's kindness, for which I can never be too thankful, I was 
granted exceptional facilities for my work. 

It soon became clear to me that the collection contained 
a great deal which was of value for the history of Oxford 
life and manners, and that occasional visits to London 
would not suffice to extract from it all of this kind that it 
was desirable to publish. I therefore applied to Mr. le 
Fleming for leave to have the boxes containing it transferred 
to Oxford, where in the College muniment room they would 
be as safe as in the Record Office from the dangers incident 
to everything human. Neither he nor I anticipated that it 
would be thirteen years before the first instalment could be 
published. His patience and forbearance alone has allowed 
me to advance so far in my undertaking. 

From then till now nearly all my leisure has been applied 
to the work of selection, transcription, and annotation. A 
busy life has left all too little leisure for the purpose. While 
I held the office of Vice-Chancellor the work had to be 
entirely suspended. I have had to try the patience of Mr. le 
Fleming, of those who have helped me, of the committee and 
of the members of the Oxford Historical Society, and to all 
of them I wish to render my hearty thanks. 

I soon found that Sir Henry Maxwell Lyte had under- 
estimated the importance of the collection. So far from 
finding everything that was of interest printed, every shaft 
driven down into the uncalendared documents revealed more 
that seemed worth bringing to light, and I soon found that 
I could not satisfy myself, at all events, without going afresh 
through all the documents. They possessed of course a 
special interest to me, as a student of the history of the 
College and the University ; and the valuable work of the 
Commission would have been rendered impossible if every 
specialist had a claim to have everything printed which was 
of interest to him ; but those who are interested in what this 
book contains may like to know that of the documents con- 
tained in this volume over forty per cent, are not mentioned 
or referred to in any way in the calendar ; and of the rest not 



PREFACE 



IK 



ten per cent, can be regarded for the purposes of this book 
as adequately described. This does not in any way diminish 
my obligation to those into whose preliminary labours 
I entered, nor take away from the interest of the calendar as 
a contribution to the political history of the period. I should 
never have been able to undertake my task at all, but for the 
excellent way in which the papers had been arranged by Sir 
Henry Maxwell Lyte, and my work has throughout been con- 
stantly lightened by the opportunity of referring to the calendar 
as an index to the collection. 

In selecting from the six thousand documents of which the 
collection consists, I have been guided by the endeavour to 
include in this book only those which throw some light upon 
the life and ways of University men. I am only conscious 
of having gone outside of this scope in one instance. The 
temptation was too great to allow me to exclude two docu- 
ments^ which seem to shew, as existing in the reign of Charles II, 
a state of private war for which I know of no parallels 
later than in the Pas ton Letters at the time of the Wars of the 
Roses. I have, however, included not a few matters depend- 
ing upon relations between University men which began at 
Oxford and went on into or through their after life, anything 
throwing light upon the earlier education of those who after- 
wards came up to the University, and illustrations of tastes 
or habits which were likely to have been formed or developed 
during residence there. 

In illustrating the documents selected I have given myself 
greater freedom. When a document has been finally selected 
for publication I have not thought myself precluded from 
illustrating it in any way which might interest my readers, 
or enable them to put themselves in the position of the 
j>erson writing or addressed. In this respect I perhaps ought 
to a|K)logise for printing the whole list of the Knights of the 
Royal Oak 2, but being set in pursuit of it by a reference 
in one of the letters ^ and having been baffled for years in 
discovering it, I was anxious to shorten the labour of those 

* LXXVI and LXXVII, p. 159. ^ Appendix F, p. 507. 

» CII, p. 188. 



X PREFACE 

who might be occupied in the same search. I might perhaps 
also plead in justification the example of Thomas Hearne 
in the heterogeneous but very interesting appendices to his 
publications. 

The Flemings whose relations with Oxford form the subject 
of the book group themselves round the Daniel Fleming 
whose care in preserving every document addressed to him, 
and copies of most of those addressed by him to other persons, 
has left to posterity the exceptionally interesting collection 
which Sir Henry Maxwell Lyte has arranged. He was bom 
at Conistone in Lancashire on the 24th or a5th of July, 1633, 
entered Queen's College as a commoner %o July, 1650 ; went 
out of residence 13 July, 165a ; resumed his caution-money in 
the following January; married, ^^ August, 1655, Barbara, 
eldest daughter of Sir Henry Fletcher, Bart., of Hutton in 
Cumberland, whom he had first seen at Oxford, and by whom 
he had fifteen children ; was knighted at Windsor by King 
Charles H, 15 May, 1681, and died %$ Mar. 1701. 

D. F., as I have found it convenient to call him to dis- 
tinguish him from other members of his family, has given us 
^n the autobiographic sketch which forms No. I of the docu- 
ments in this volume but few details of his education^ and 
I have not yet had access to the three small notebooks 
mentioned in the first volume of the Calendar as containing 
copies of verses and letters written by him in his youth ^. 
The fourteen letters addressed to him at Oxford (II-XV), 
and the few items at the beginning of the accounts in XXIV, 
are all the documents contemporary with his Oxford life 
contained in the collection arranged for the purposes of the 
Commission. 

In the library at Rydal is a duodecimo manuscript book 'Index 
perbreva rerum summarum quae collectae fu6re Oxoh, per me D: F. 
A: D. 1652/ It is a commonplace book, arranged alphabetically, with 

' In the library at Rydal Hall is a commonplace book begun by D. F. in 1647. 
It contains under alphabetically arranged headings quotations about aU the virtues 
and vices, laws, customs, and such-like matters. The fuUest and most interesting 
quotations are under geographical headings. 



PREFACE 



XI 



four pages of supplement at the end. The books from which quota- 
tions are principally made are : — 

Prid. Corap. Hist.* Selden's Titles of Honor ^\ 

Speed's Epit.* Dugdale's St. Pauls ". 

White's Sacred Law •. Som. Ant.** 

Heylyn History of Liturgies *. Plut. Lives ". 

Aretines Hist." Hutton's Reports*'. 

Hey. Cosm.« Wilson's Hist, of K. James ". 

Full: Church Hist.'' Biondi's Civill Warres *«. 

Hakewill ApoL* Godwin's Rom. Antiq." 

Camb: Britt.* HeyHn's Epit.*» 

^ For description of this book see below, p. xv. 

* See n. 4, p. 396. 

' Possibly, Institntionum Sacramm Peripatcticis Insedificatanim ; Hoc est, 
Theologise, super fondamentis in Peripatetidl Digbsean^ iactis, extructse, Pars 
Theorica. Authore Thoma Anglo, e generosS Albiomm in Oriente Trinobantnm 
Prosapii oriondo. M. DC Lli. (Tomus Secnndus is in Queen's College library, ia°.) 

* Of Liturgies, or Set forms of Publique Worship : With the Concomitants 
thereof. In way of an Historical Narration. By Peter Heylyn, D.D. It was first 
published in 164a, then incorporated in Ecclesia Vindicata, published in 1657, and 
finally issued in KEIMHAIA 'EKKAHSIASTIKA, published in folio in 168 1. A 
copy of the last is in Queen's College library. 

* The historie of L. Aretino concerning the warres betwene the Imperialles and 
the Gothes, for the possession of Italy. Translated out of Latin by A. Goldyng. 
Black Letter. Printed by Rowland Hall: London^ 1563. 8«. {^Brit, Mus. Cat,) 
The British Museum has Thomas Heame's copy. 

* See n. 5, p. 403. ^ See n. 6, p. 395. 

* An Apologie or Declaration of The Power and Providence of God In the 
Goucmment of the World. By George Hakewill D*" of Diuinitie & ArchDeacon 
of Surrey. London Printed for Robert Allott, at the Beare in Paules Churchyard. 
1630. (fol. In Queen's College Library.) This is the second edition, but the first 
with the author's name, the first edition published in 1627, having been By 
G. H. D.D. Both editions were printed in Oxford. See Madan's Early Oxford 
Press J pp. 13a, 149. 

• S<:c n. 7, p. 4a 7. ^® See n. a, p. 74. 

*» Sec n. 5, p. 435. " See n. 10, p. 434. 

*' The reference is almost certainly to one of the editions of Sir Thomas North's 
translation from the French of Bishop Amyot, which was first published in folio 
ia 1579? oi which the British Museum has editions published 1595, 1603, 161 a, 
163 1 y 1657, and 1676, all in folio. 

*• Sir Richard Hutton (1561 ?-i639), j^^gc, left some manuscript reports in law 
French, which were translated and published in 1656. The British Museum and 
Queen's College Library have only the second edition published 1682, fol. 
** See n. 9, p. 75- " See n. 9, p. 73. 

27 3ee n. 2, p. 323, and p. 558. Additional Note on p. 296, n. a. 
1* Perhaps Certamen Epistolare, or, the Letter-Combate. Managed By Peter 
Heylyn, I>.D. With i. Mr. Baxter of Kederminster. a. D' Barnard of Grays- 



xii PREFACE 

Spotswood\ Sir Henry Wotton". 

Heylyn's Examen Historicum*. Reev's divinity ". 

Selden's Mare clausum '. Fortescue *^. 

Ccx)kes Pleas o' th' Crowne*. Publick Intelligencer". 

Charon's Wisdome *. Diurnall ". 

Digges agt Rebellion*. Balzac his Letters". 

Littleton ^ Twisden of Schism ". 



Inne. 3. M' Hickman of Mag. C. Oxon. And 4. J. H. of the City of West- 
minster Esq ; With 5. An Appendix to the same, in Answer to some passages in 
Mr Fullers late Appeal. . . . London, Printed by J. M. for H. Twyford, T, Dring, 
and J. Place, and are to be sold at their Shops, in Vine-Court in the Middle- 
Temple, at the George near S. Dunstones Church in Fleet-street, and at Fumivals- 
Inne Gate, in Holbum, 1659. (sm. 8". In Queen's College library.) 

* See n. 4, p. 94. 

' Examen Historicum : or a Discovery and Examination of the Mistakes. 
Falsities, and Defects in some Modem Histories. Occasioned by the Partiality 
and Inadvertencies of their severall Authours. By Peter Heylin. In Two Books. 
. . . London, Printed for Henry Seile and Richard Royston, and are to be sold 
over against S. Dunstans Church in Fleetstreet, and at the Angel in Ivy-lane. 
1659. (8®. In Queen's College library.) 

' Joannis Seldeni Mare Clausum seu De Dominio Maris Libri Duo. Primo, 
Mare, ex Jure Naturae seu Gentium, omnium hominum non esse Commune, sed 
Dominii privati seu Proprietatis capax, pariter ac Tellurem, esse demonstratur, 
.Secundo, Serenissimum Magnae Britanniae Regem Maris circumflui, ut individuse 
atque perpetuse Imperii Britannici appendicis, Dominum esse, asseritur. Pontus 
quoque Serviet lUi. Londini, Excudebat Will. Stanesbeius, pro Richardo Meighen. 
MDCXXXV. (foL In Queen's College library. Barlow's copy.) 

* This is probably The Third Part of the Institutes .... concerning high treason, 
and other pleas of the crown, and criminal causes. The work of Sir Edward Coke 
(1553-1634), judge and law-writer. Separate editions of this part were published 
1644, 1648, 1660, 1669, i^7o» 1680, all in folio. See D, N. B,, s.y. 

* See n. a, p. 350. • See n. i, p. 410. 
^ Sec n. I, p. 40. • See n. 13, p. 394. 

* Reeve (Edmund). The Christian Divinitie contained in the Divine Service of 
the Church of England ; summarily .... composed ; and with the Scriptures .... 
confirmed, etc. N. Fussell and H. MosUy: London, 1631. 4°. {Brit. Mus. 
Cat.) 

i« See n. 5, p. 413. 

^ The Publick Intelligencer, communicating the chief Occurrences and Pro- 
ceedings within the Dominion of England, Scotland and Ireland. It was published 
from 1655 to 1660 at London by T. Newcomb. It apparently ceased in April, 1660, 
and was succeeded by two journals entitled ' Mercurius Publicus ' and the 
' Parliamentary Intelligencer ' published on the Monday and Thursday of each 
week. 

*^ See n. a, p. 3a, and Index under Diumalls and Newsbooks. 

" See n. 6, p. 80, and Additional Note thereto, p. 548. 

^* An Historical Vindication of the Church of England In point of Schism, As it 



Exitaneus Vapukns '. 

Tamerlanes Life '. 

Hej-lin's observations upon 

L*Esirange's his history '. 
Seidell's hist, of lyihes'. 
Rossc. Chron.* 



Crokes Rep.' 

Davila's Hist.' 
Raw ley *. 
GuiL Hera; ' 
Zonaias his Annal ". 
Greg. Posthuma ". 



ttaotU Separated from Ibe Ronian, and wis Reformed I. EHiabeth. By 5ii Rogrr 
Twuden Knight and Baronet. Ask foi tbc old piths, nhere is the good Wky, and 
walk iheiBn, uiil ye shall !ind rest foi yoar souls, Jer. vi. l6. Chules the 11. Sec. 
Dtleada of the Faith. London. Printed b; Robert Pawlel at tbe Bible in 
Chancery- Lane, near Fleet-sired, 1675, (4°, In Qaecn'i College library.) 

' See D. 1, p. 103. 

* Probably, Clark, John. Life of Tamerlane the Great. Lend. 1653, ^Xo. 
(Waits.; Mr. A. Reader in his catalogue No. 345 (1904), advertise* a aecond- 
baad copy of ' >i Tamerlon the Great. The Hiitory of, taken oat of Arabian 
Maiidsciipts by Lord de Soincyloa, Svo, calf, 5s, 1S79.' 



• Seen, 



, p. 103. 



' The Hiilorie of Tithes That is, The Practice of Paymeat of them. The 
Podline Laws made for ihem. The Opinions toaching the Right of them. A 
Reriew of it Ii also annext, which t>oth Conftrmes it and directs in the Vse of it. 
By I. Seldca. Nee partis stndiis agimur. Sed snmsimus ortna Consiliis inimtca 
nus, Ignavia fallai, M.ucKVlu. (4'. In Queen's College Library, Baiiow's 

• Watt B.V. ascribes to Alexander Ross a book called Chronology in English, 
wluch is not in the British Mnsenm nor in the list of Ross's works io Z>. A". H. 

• Croke's Reports are in three folio volnmes. The title-page of the fiist is The 
FitM Pait (Though but Pablish't) of the Reports of Sir George Croke K'. Late 
one of ihe Justices of the Court of Kings- Beoch, And formerly one of the Justices 
of the Coart of Common-Bench ; of Sach select Coses as were adjudged in the 
aud Courts, from the 34"" to the H"' of the late Qneen Elizabeth, Collected and 
written in French by Himself; Revised and published in English, By Sir Horbottle 
GrimstoQ Baronet Master of the Rolls. London, Printed for A. Roper, T.Collins, 
F. Tyson, J. Place, J. Storkey, and T, Basset, Booksellers in Fleet-street, and 
Holbotun, 1669. tQueen's College library.) 

' See n. 5, p. 395. ' See n. 5, p. 441. 

• See p. 543i Additional Note on p. 53, n. 4. 

» inANNOT TOT AXKHTOT TOT ZriNAPA rETONOTOI TOT METAAOT 
APOTITAPIOT THI BITAAS, KAI IIFnTOAIHKPHTIS XPONIKON. Joannis 
Zo&arx Monachi Mogni antea Vigilnm Pnefecti et Primi a Secretis Anoalcs. 
Caioloa Dn Frcsoa. Dom. Dn Cange, Kegi a Consiliis, & Francis apud Ambianos 
Qnxsior, Wolfianum Editionem cam sciiptis Codicibus contulit : Laltnam Ver- 
sioncm recenmit, Annaies Notis illnstravit. Parisiis £ Typographia Regia 
M. DC. LXXXVI. (folio. Qneen's College library.) The Annals bad before been 
pnbli^ed by Hieronymus Wolf in his Corpus Hiitorin: Byiantime, Frankfort on 
~ '£6 copy WIS given to the Coli^c by Archbishop 



Gnndal.) 



' GR^orii Posthnma : or, Certain Learned Tracts : 



a by John Gregorie, 



XIV PREFACE 

Godwin's Jew Antiq.^ The Termes of the Law •. 

Claytons Reports'. Howel's Letters ^ 

History of Independency *. Brownl. Rep. • 

Baker's Cronicle *. Browne Religio Medici •. 



10 



Monasticon *. Dallington's Aph. 



M.A. and Chaplain of Christ Charch in Oxford. Together with a short Account 
of the Autor's Life ; and Elegies on his much-lamented Death. Published by his 
Dearest Friend J. G. B.D. of Merton College. London, Printed by William 
Du-gardy for Laurence Sadler, and are to bee sold at the Golden Lion in Little- 
Britain. 1649. (4^ Qneen*s Collie library.) The dedication is signed John 
Gnrganie. 

^ See p. 558. Additional Note on p. 296, n. a. 

' Clayton (John) of the Inner Temple. Reports of and Pleas of Assises at 
Yorke held before severall judges in that circuit, with some precedents usefuU for 
pleaders at the assiKS: never Englished before. London, 1651. 16^, {Brit. 
Mus, Cat.) 

* See n. 6, p. 86, and Additional Note thereto, p. 549. 

* Seen. 3. p. 174. 

* Monasticon Anglicanum, sive Pandects Coenobiorom Benedictinorum, Clunia- 
censium, Cisterciencium, Carthusianorum A primordiis ad eorum usqne dissolu- 
tionem Ex MSS. Codd. Ad Monasteria olim pertinentibus ; Archivis Turrium 
Londinensis, Eboracensis, Cnriarum Scaccarli, Angmentationnm ; Bibliothecis 
Bodleiand; Coll. Reg. Coll. Bened. Arundelliani, Cottoniani, Seldenian&, Hatto- 
niani aliisque digesti, per Rogerum Dodsworth, Eborac Gulielmum Dugdale, 
Warwic. Londini Typis Richard! Hodgldnsonne, M. DC. LV. (folio. Queen*s College 
library.) The second volume, a smaller folio containing the Augustinian Canons, 
was published by the same authors in 1661. The third, a supplement to the first 
two, the same size as the second, was published by Dugdale only in 167a. There 
is a copy of the first volume in the. library at Rydal hall. 

* See p. 542, Additional Note on p. 40, n. a. 

^ See n. a, p. 18, and Additional Note thereto, p. 541. 

* See n. 10, p. 81, and n. 4, p. 90. 

* The famous treatise Religio Medici by Sir Thomas Browne (1605-83), 
physician and author, was probably written in 1635, while the author was established 
as a physician at Shipden Hall, near Halifax, before he moved to Norwich. The 
manuscript was passed about among his private friends, and more or less inaccu- 
rately transcribed, till in 164a two surreptitious editions were published by Andrew 
Crooke. In 1643 appeared the first authorised edition, and thirty other editions 
were published between then and 1881. It was translated into Latin, Dutch, 
French, German, and perhaps Italian (though no copy of the last has been dis- 
covered). See D. N. A, s.v. 

^ Dallington (Sir Robert). Aphorismes Civill and Militarie amplified with autho- 
rities and exemplified with historic, out of the first Quarteme of F. Guicciardine. 
(A briefe Inference upon Guicdardine's digression, in the fourth part of the first 
Quarteme of his Historic ; forbidden the impression and effaced out of the originall 
by the Inquisition.) London^ 1613. fol. {Brit. Mus. Cat.) A second edition 
was published in folio in 1629. 



PREFACE XV 

I 

Iron Age *. Mercurius Pol.* 

Bacon's H. 7 *. 

It is doubtful how long he continued to make entries in the book. 
The latest date of reference to a periodical is 1658. 
The first book in the list is — 

An Easy and Compendious Introduction For Reading all sorts of 
Histories : Contrived in a more facile way than heretofore hath been 
published, out of the Papers of Mathias Prideaux M' of Arts and 
sometime Fellow of Exeter College in Oxford. The Second Edition 
Corrected and Augmented, and three usefull Indexes added. Cicero 
de Oratore, Nescire quid antea quam natus sis acciderit, Id semper 
est esse Puerum. Printed at Oxford for Leonard Lichfield and are 
to be sold by Thomas Robinson, Anno Salutis 1650. 4^. 

It is in the Rydal Library with D. F.'s name on the title-page. It is 
a very curious book. The Chapters on the Popes are headed Good 
Bishops, Tollerable Arch-Bishops, Patriarchs, Usurping Nimrods, 
Luxurious Sodomites, iSgyptian Magitians, Devouring Abaddons, 
Incurable Babylonians. It is divided into three parts by title-pages, 
but the sequence of pagination is not interrupted. 

The first part ends with a colophon. So much for Ecclesiasticall 
History in Generall. 

The second title-page is Of Politicall History in Generall Deduced 
from Nimrod according to the foure Monarchies, by a continued Line 
Succession to these times, With a touch in every Period of some 
Principall concurrent Matters to be Taken notice o£ Together with 
Inquiries for Discourse. Felix quem faciunt aliena pericula Cautum. 
Felix quem faciunt aliorum praemia promptum. Oxford, Printed by 
Leonard Lichfield Printer to the University, 1650. 

The Third Title is, Of the History of Successions In States, 
Countries, or Families. With A Particular Instance in the Succession 
of Governments and Governours, in this our own Country, which 
may serve for a Directory of Contrivance for other States. According 
to the Method observed in the two former Tracts. Ne te quaesiveris 

* Parival (Jean Nicolas dc). The Historic of this Iron Age ; wherein is set 
down the true State of Europe, as it was in the year 1500 .... With a description 
of the most memorable . . . transactions . . . from that time till this present year; 
1659. Illustrated with . . . effigies of the most renowned persons of this present 
time. . . . Rendered into English by B. Harris. The second edition . . . inlarged. 
For J. Crook, S. Miller, and T. Davies: London, 1659. fo^' {Brit, Mus, Cat.) 

* Sec n. I , p. 75- » See n. 3, p. 116. 



XVI PREFACE 

extra, Domi Talpa, foris Linceus. Abroad let not thy Fancy roame, 
Untill thou know what's done at home. Oxford, Printed by Leonard 
Lichfield Printer to the University, 1650. 

I do not propose to draw out the results which his corre- 
spondence shews D. F. to have derived from his Oxford life. 
A very varied taste for literature of all sorts, and a permanent 
attachment to several of the friends he made among his con- 
temporaries are sufficiently obvious. My desire is to give 
my readers the opportunity of drawing out these results for 
themselves. 

He certainly owed his wife to his residence at Oxford ^, and it 
is interesting nowadays to observe that a Cumberland baronet's 
daughter, even in the troublous times of the middle of the 
seventeenth century, carried away with her from Oxford evi- 
dence that some of her time there had been spent in working 
at music, and was sufficiently proficient to interest in her 
further work at it an academic musician of considerable dis- 
tinction *. 

When D. F. entered the University Langbaine was Provost. 
Langbaine's friendship with Christopher Dudley, D. F.'s uncle 
by marriage, is illustrated in the Supplement ^ Thomas Smith* 
was his Tutor. He was to be his lifelong friend, and even- 
tually the husband of his wife's mother *, Dean and Bishop of 
Carlisle. Among those he found in the College as under- 
graduates senior to himself were Christopher Mu^^ve®, 
Timothy Halton '^y Dick ® and Thomas Lamplugh ®, William Wil- 
son^®, EdwardNorryes^^,and Clement EUis^*. Allan Prickett^* 
entered the same day and was soon followed by Joseph 
Williamson^*. Others who joined the College during the next 

^ See first entry on p. 4. 

' See p. 541. Additional note on p. 4, n. i. 

' Supplement 6, 6, 7, 8, 10, pp. 341 sqq. 

* See n. 5, p. 3, and Table of Contents. 

* Catherine Lady Fletcher, for whom see n. a, p. 4. 

• See n. 5, p. 28. ' See n. i, p. 104. 

• See n. 2, p. 45. • Sec n. 2, p. 43. 
'^ See n. a, p. 164, and n. 14, p. 501. 

** See n. 3, p. 260. 

" See n. 4, p. 406. " Sec n. 3, p. 40. 

'* See n. 3, p. 139, and Table of Contents. 



PREFACE 



xvii 



two years were Thomas Cartwright S Sir George Fletcher \ and 
Christopher Crakenthorp*. Barlow* was at this time a Fellow, 
and another Thomas Lamplugh^ as Halton^, Ellis ^ and 
Williamson* were soon to be. 

D. F.'s connexion with the Collie was not likely to be 
interrupted by the termination of his residence. There was 
a continual current flowing between the counties and the 
Collie. The Index shows that about one hundred and fifty 
persons mentioned in this volume were members of the 
College, and those mentioned are not all with whom he had 
relations of one kind or another. 

His father died 24 May, 1653, and at nineteen he found 
himself head of his family. His flrst business was to clear 
the estate, which was in the hands of the Committee for 
Compounding^ Family disputes also had attended his father's 
succession to Rydal on the death of a cousin in 1649 ^^, and 
this legacy of contention needed as much care, patience, and 
prudence as the dealing with the Parliamentary Committee. 

To judge from his accounts, which are here our principal 
sources of information, the hours of leisure he secured from 



^ Thomas Cartwright, grandson of the famons puritan of the same name who 
flourished in the days of Elizabeth, was bom at Northampton i Sept. 1634. He 
was intruded as a * Tabiter * into Queen's College * tempore usurpationis,' entering 
in Michaelmas term and matriculating *cler. fil/ 18 Nov. 1650. He proceeded 
B.A. 17 Feb. 165I, M.A. 21 June, 1655, ^^^ having been ordained was made 
domestic chaplain to Henry Duke of Gloucester at the Restoration, and after much 
other promotion was made dean of Ripon 1675, ^^^ bishop of Chester 1686. He 
conspired with James II to establish the Romish religion in England, was head of 
the commission which expelled the fellows of Magdalen for refusing to elect the 
king's nominee as president, fled with James to Saint-Germain, and accompanied him 
to Ireland, where he died of dysentery at Dublin 15 April, 1689. His diary was 
published by the Camden Society. He bequeathed to Queen's College * where I 
was pleased and blessed with my education ' a portrait of Bishop Barlow, * as the 
greatest light and ornament of learning and piety that this age at least hath bred in 
that College/ His portrait as bishop is in the College hall, and as dean of Ripon, 
by Soest, in the provost's house. 

^ See n, I, p. 5. 

' Sec n. I, p. 397, He matriculated from Queen's College la Feb. 165!. 

• Sec n. 4, p. 197. • See n. 3, p. 131. 

• Sec n. I , p. 104, 7 s^ Yi, 4, p. 406. 

• See n. 3, p. 139, and Table of Contents. 

» Sec Appendix A, p. 365. " Sec n. 3, p. 6, and n. a, p. 34. 

b 



xviii PREFACE 

these wearisome but important businesses were spent in a 
way befitting his position and education. He found time for 
visits to friends and relatives, to swim in Thames^, to see 
a play ^ the Turk ^ and other entertainments *, and money to 
dress himself suitably, and to buy the books in which he 
always delighted. 

After his marriage he did not often journey southwards, 
though his duties as justice of the peace for Cumberland, 
Westmorland, and Lancashire, and landowner in all three 
counties kept him often away from home. His reputation 
caused him to be constantly appealed to for the settlement 
of family or other disputes, and in a period of extreme 
political complexity he seems to have secured the respectful 
regard of persons of all creeds and of all parties. 

He added to his literary and antiquarian tastes a great 
interest in educational questions. He discusses school-books 
with schoolmasters, becomes feoffee or trustee of more than 
one local school, he seems to have started a school at Rydal 
on his property, if not in his own house *, he is consulted as 
to the appointment of tutors and masters by his friends, and 
took much pains in securing for his sons the best education 
obtainable, and in testing, so far as he was able, the education 
they were obtaining. 

Of his eleven sons four became members of the University, 
three of Queen's College, one, George, of Edmund HalL It 
is his correspondence with them that will form the staple of 
the book, though this first volume gives but little indication 
of this. During the years which elapsed between 165a, when 
he left Oxford, and 1678, when his second son Henry entered 
Queen's College, his direct relations with the University were 
naturally suspended, but in his correspondence with Smith 
and Williamson his connexion with the University is virtually 



^ See first entry on p. 9. 

' See entry under la Feb. 165!, p. 44, and entry under 5 Dec. 1654, p. 85. 
' See entry under 39 May 1655, P* 95* 

* As * y* Dromidary ' p. 47, * Jo. Tradeskins,' p. 60, of. p. 80, * at y* Tower,' 
p. 81, * y« Lion & y« Lamb ' p. 87, * th' Cocke-pitt,* p. 93. 
' See p. 418, entry under 19 Feb. 166}, and note there. 



PREFACE 



xut 



coatinued, and the episode of Henry Brougham's life there ^ 
which finds its way into the Fleming papers through D. F.'s 
inheritance of the Dudley correspondence, helps to bridge 
over the intervaL Meanwhile occasional letters to or from 
old Oxford friends or acquaintances, and references to the 
sons of friends resident at Oxford keep alive the interest, and 
numerous glimpses of the education his sons were getting 
at home or at school illustrate the intellectual preparation 
afforded at that period to those who were afterwards to 
become members of the University. 

In December, 1680, when this volume closes, D. F. had lost 
his wife ^ and two of his sons^. His eldest daughter was mar- 
ried and had two sons surviving out of three ^ ; Alice, the second 
daughter^ was keeping house for him. William, the eldest 
son, was already a Westmorland magistrate, Henry had been 
two years and a half at Oxford, Daniel had just left school^ 
George was at Kendal School under Richard Stewardson ^ the 
rest were still at Rydal under the care of William Baxter •. 

I have endeavoured to bring out as much as I was able of 
what illustrates the general history of the University during 
the period under consideration, but the correspondence of 
a Queen s man, at any time of the history of the University, 
would naturally be most illustrative of the history of the 
College. Incidentally, for the first five hundred years of its 
history, this would also involve much illustration of the history 
of the counties of Cumberland and Westmorland, and I have 
not scrupled to develop this side of my work. It is here 
I fear that my ignorance of the localities, which forty years 
of study have not availed to remove, will have led me into 
most blunders. The Additional Notes are not seldom con- 
fessions of mistake and attempts at amendment. Here 

1 Sec XXXVI to XLIX, pp. 104 sqq., and LI to LXII, pp. ii8 sqq. 

« Sec p. 473- 

' John, see p. 425, and Thomas, see p. 484. 

* For the marriage see p. 485, for the birth and death of the first Edward see 
p. 489, for the christening of the second Edward see p. 494, and for the birth and 
christening of Daniel see p. 501. 

• Sec p. 502 entry under la Jnne, 1680, and n. i, p. 316. 
■ Sec p. 506 entry under 7 Dec. 1680, and n. 8, p. 418. 

b2 



XX PREFACE 

especially, but in all other parts of my work as well, I shaH 
thankfully accept the corrections of my critics. 

I have reproduced the documents included in the volume 
with the greatest possible exactness, preserving even slips 
which seemed obvious^ so as to ensure to my readers the most 
complete acquaintance with the originals. In the Notes 
I have followed as a rule in the spelling of proper names the 
authority which was for the moment before me. 

In the prosecution of my work I have constantly had at my 
elbow all Anthony Wood's works, and Clark's History of his 
Life and Titnes^ Hearne's Collections ^ Foster's Alumni Oxonien- 
ses and his genealogical works, the histories of Cumber- 
land and Westmorland (oh, that they had been adequately 
indexed !), Cockayne's Peerage and Baronetage^ West's and 
Tweddell's FurnesSy the Surtees edition of Dugdale's Visita* 
turn of Yorkshire and the Chetham edition of his Visitation 
of Lancashire^ the Dictionary of National Biography and 
Dr. Murray's New Historical English Dictionary. 

My friends have not been allowed to be ignorant of my 
labours. Help on individual points is acknowledged where 
the information is given, but I must specially here acknow* 
ledge the help I have received from Sir Henry Maxwell Lyte, 
Dr. J. F. Payne, Miss Armitt of Rydal Cottage, Ambleside ; 
Mr. Chapman, Vicar of Coniston; Mr. Sherwen, Arch- 
deacon of Westmorland ; Dr. Ware, Bishop of Barrow in 
Furness ; Mr. C. H. Firth ; Mr. Edwards, Vicar of Kirkland ; 
Dr. Murray ; Dr. Prescott, Archdeacon of Carlisle ; Dr. Henry 
Bradley ; Mr. Belcher, Vicar of Bramley ; Mr. F. J. Weld, 
Mrs. Tempest of Broughton Hall, Dr. Garnett, the Hon. 
Lady Leighton -Warren, Dr. Shadwell, Mr. F. Madan, the 
Council of the Kent Archaeological Society; Mr. James 
Wilson, Vicar of Dalston ; Mr. F. Haverfield, Mr. William 
Longrigg, Dr. Macray, Mr. C. E. Doble, Mr. T. M. Daven- 
port, Mr. Henry Frowde, the late Professor York Powell, Sir 
Edward Maunde Thompson, Alderman Titus Wilson of 
Kendal, Professor Holland, Mr. R. S. Rait, Dr. Venn, Mr. T. 
Vere Bayne, Mr. R. E. Leach, Mr. C. H. Lowry, Mr. C. B. 
Hodgson, the late Mr. G. B. Woodburne, and the late Chan- 



PREFACE xxi 

cdlor Ferguson, who had he lived would, I feel sure, have 
saved me from many of the errors and omissions which the book 
contains. These would have been much more numerous but 
for the constant care and help bestowed by Mr. C. L. Stainen 
I have also to acknowledge the services rendered me by 
the Controller of the Clarendon Press, and by the compositors 
and readers, whose work in the manufacture of the volume 
must often have been tedious and troublesome. 

John R. Magrath. 

Qdskn*s College, Oxford, 
SJutu^ 1904. 



EXPLANATION OF ABBREVIATIONS 

Al. Ox. Alnmni Oxonienses. By Joseph Foster. 8 yolnmes. Oxford and London, 

1887-91. 
BibL Brit. Bibliotheca Britannica ; or A General Index to British and Foreign 

Literature. By Robert Watt, M.D. 4 toIs. Edinburgh, 1824. 
Bloxam. A Register of St. Mary Magdalene College, Oxford. By J. R. Bloxam, 

D.D. 8 vols. Oxford, 1853-85. 
BodL The Bodleian Library, Oxford. 
Brit Mas. British Mnseom. 

Brit. Mus. Cat Catalogue of the Printed Books in the British Mosenm. 
Bom and Nicolson. See Nicolson and Bum. 
Burrows. The Register of the Visitors of the University of Oxford, 1647 to 1658, 

edited by M. Burrows. (Camden Society.) 1881. 
Cal. of Comm. for Comp. Calendar of the Committee for Compounding, edited 

by Mrs. Everett Green, among the series of State Papers published by direction 

of the Master of the Rolls. 
ColL Reg. The College Register of Queen's College, Oxford. Manuscript in the 

Archives of the College. 
D. F. Daniel Fleming. 
D. N. B. or Diet Nat. Biog. Dictionary of National Biography, edited by Leslie 

Stephen and Sidney Lee. 1885- 1903. 
G. £. C.'s Peerage. Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great 

Britain and the United Kingdom. By G. E. C. 8 volumes. London, 1887-98. 
Halkett & Laing. A Dictionary of the Anonymous and Pseudonymous Literature 

of Great Britain. By Samuel Halkett and Rev. John Laing, M.A. 4 volumes. 

Edmburgh, i88a-8. 
Lingard. lingard's Histoiy of England. 
London's Catalogue. A Catalogue of The most vendible Books in England. 

London, 1658. The Epistle Dedicatory is signed William London. 
Misc. Gen. et Her. Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica, edited by Joseph 

Jackson Howard, LL.D., F.S.A. From 1868. Since Dr. Howard*s death 

edited by "W. Brace Bannerman, F.S.A. 
Murray. See N. K D. 
N. E. D. A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles, edited by 

James A. H. Murray. Oxford, at the Clarendon Press. Volume I was pub- 
lished in 1888. 
Nicolson and Bum. The History and Antiquities of the Counties of Westmorland 

and Cumberland. By Joseph Nicolson, Esq., and Richard Bum, LL.D. 

a volumes. London, 1777. 
O. H. S. Oxford Historical Society, its publications since 1885. 
R. P. The papers of S. H. le Flemmg, Esq., at Rydal Hall, Westmorland. The 

numbers by which they are quoted were affixed by Sir Henry Maxwell Lyte, 

when he first examined them for the Historical Manuscripts Conunission. 
S. P. D. Calendar of State Papers Domestic, published under the direction of the 

Master of the Rolls. 
Watts. 5^tfBibl. Britt 
Webster. A Dictionary of the English Language. By Noah Webster, LL.D. 

2 vols. London, 1833. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



PAGES 

PREFACE vii 

EXPLANATION OF ABBREVIATIONS xxii 

TABLE OF CONTENTS xxiii 

AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF DANIEL FLEMING i-il 



LETTERS :— 






Danuol Fleming:— 


PAGES 


To^ Carleton, Gny . . 




190 


Constables of Millmn 




159 


Flaning, Alice . 




37 


Fleming, William . 




36 


Fletcher, Sir George 




aS 


Haltoo, Timothy . 




334 


Jackson, Richard . 




171 


Kirkby, John 




13 


Lamplogh, Richard. 




67 


Machell, Thomas . 




335 


Perroty Charles . 




184 


VTilliamson, Sir Joseph, 


152, 


i8o, 187, 195, 


196, 


203, 


ao5, 309, 314, 333. 




Frvm^ Banckes, John 


14. I5» 23 


Bellingham, James • 




197 


Bird, James 




359 


Broogham, Henry . 




109 


Carlisle, Earl of 




178 


Crowle, George 




176 


Dalston, John . 




183 


Dixon, Thomas, 318, 


323, 


336, 


231, 234, 338, 


340, 


256, 


259» 264. 366, 


370, 


272, 


275, 277, 384, 


391, 


396, 


299» 302, 304, 


306, 


309, 


312, 318, 337, 


330- 




Fleming, Alice . 


• 


13 


Fleming, Henry, 1 


109, 


258, 


359. 363, 363. 


366, 


272, 


374, 383. 383, 


289, 


290, 


294t 300, 301, 


3031 


305. 



From^ Fleming, Henry {coni,^ : — 

3"» 316, 317, 330. 336, 

333* 
Fleming, Roger . 18, 31, 35 
Fleming, William , 17, 30 
Fletcher, Sir George . . 358 
Fletcher, Henry . . .345 
Halton, Timothy . • .330 
Hnddleston, Andrew . • 51 
Hnddleston, Ferdinand • 159 
Jackson, Richard, 168, 173, 173, 

183. 
Keurden, Richard , .178 
Kirkby, John . ii, 33, 5a 
Lamplngh, Thomas • . aia 
Lowgh, Thomas . 68, 70 
Machell, Thomas • 314, 339 
Richardson, Matthew. . 30 
Scott, Richard . . • 137 
Smith, Thomas, 34, 99, 103, 

116, 138, 135, 139, 141, 

146, 149, 153, 157, 161, 

i69» »73» 175» 188, 190. 

Smith, William . . . 363 

Thompson, George . . 31 

Todd, Hngh . . . .315 

Wells, Thomas . , .145 

Williamson. Sir Joseph, 143, 

151, 160, 166, 180, 185, 

186, 193, 196, 199, 301, 

303, 303, 311, 313, 337. 

Wilson, William . . .164 

Yard, Robert . . . 181 

Hexry Brougham to John Fleming . 105, 106, iii, 113, 114, 118, 133, 134 
Timothy Halton to John Fleming . . 104, 106, 109, 113, 118, 131, 135 

William Fleming to John Bankes 35 

Thomas Wharton to William Fleming 33 

Sui Joseph Williamson to Mr. Jnstice Wild . • « 194 



XXIV TABLE OF CONTENTS 

ACCOUNTS :-- 

PAGES 

Of John Bankbs 30-33i 247-250 

Henry Brougham at Qneen's College, Oxford, 107-8, no, 112, 115, lao, 
121, X23, 125. 

Daniel Fleming 38-519 53-66, 72-91, 91-99 

Daniel and George Fleming at Kendal School 30S 

Henry Fleming at Qneen*s College, Oxford .... 288, 3T4, 332 
WiLUAM Fleming at Kendal School .^ . . 199 

Daniel Fleming's Instructions to John Bankes ... 246 
Effects taken to Oxford by or for Henry Fleming . 250-56 
Lists of Books bought by Henry Fleming in Oxford 295, 321-26 
Receipts of Peter Burnyeat and Thomas Harrison . . 126 

SUPPLEMENT:— 

Letters :— 

Bird, James, to Daniel Fleming 359 

Fetherstonhangh, Sir Timothy, to his wife 354 

Fletcher, Sir George, to Daniel Fleming 35^ 

Langbaine, Gerard, to Christopher Dndley • . 341, 344, 350, 352, 357 

Robson, Joseph, to Thomas Dudley 337 

Smith, William, to Daniel Fleming • . 36a 

Sutton, John, to Edmund Dudley 335 

Tullie, Thomas, to Thomas Dudley 340 

Letters as to marriage with a deceased wife's cousin german . . . 338 

Proposal for printing a Bible at Oxford •••....• 362 

APPENDICES :— 

A. Daniel Fleming's relations with the Committee for 

Compounding 365 

B. Char-fye 373 

C. The Expense-Book of James Master op Trinity College, 

Cambridge 374 

D. Lady Fletcher's relations with the Committee for Com- 

pounding 391 

£. Extracts from Daniel Fleming's Great Book of Ac- 
counts 392 

F. The Order of the Royal Oak 507 

G. Barlow's Resignation and H Alton's Election . . . .522 

H. Oxford Almanacks 527 

I. The Comitia or Act 531 

K. John Lowther of Lowther at Queen's College . . .535 
L. Inscription to Alice Fleming and John Kirkby • . . 538 

ADDITIONAL NOTES 54i 

INDEX 565 






• •■• 



THE 



•» * ■» 
• • • • 
• • • • 



FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

I 650-1 700 



I. 

Autobiographical Skjttch of Daniel Fleiong (342 a) ^ 

Farmed Con.* after marriage. 

Borne •. 

Christened ^ 

Sponsors'. 

Removed to Monkhall ^ 

' The numbers in brackets are the nnmbers of the Rydal Hall MSS. as given 
in the Twelfth Report of the Historical Manuscripts Commission, Appendix, 
Pkrt VIL They were affixed to the original documents for the purposes of the 
Commission, and are approximately in chronological order. 

' Coniston : a manor belonging to the Flemings from the reign of Henry HI. 
This probably refers to D. F.*s father, William. On his marriage with Alice 
Kirkby he seems to have lived at Coniston, and continued there after he succeeded 
to Rydal oo the death of his cousin, William. 

' D. F. was bom 25 July, 1633. 

* He was baptized on the 28th of the same month. 

* See Additional Notes. 

*' Monkhall : a small manor in the township of Great Crosthwaite, the site of 
a cell or chantry, formerly belonging to the monks of Fumess. Dr. Prescott has 
kindly referred me for the grant to Fumess to Burton's Monasticon Eboracense 
(p. 159), and corrects Lysons' statement {Cumberland^ p. 85), made on the authority 
of Mr. T. Denton, that it was the monks of Carlisle to whom the place belonged. 
It was granted by Henry VIII to John Williamson, but in another hundred years 
had come to the Flemings. It was at the western end of the present Fitz Park, 
Keswick, and has been sold by the present owner of Rydal and a cottage hospital 
erected on its site. The ' fish stews ' of the monks are still visible in the uneven- 
Beas of the ground, and you can trace down to the Crossings Bridge by Cros- 
thwaite Church the old disused hollow way by which the monks came to the 
church services. A faculty pew in the church is still available for the owner of 
Monkhall (Canon Rawnsley). See also Nicolson and Bum, ii. 92 ; Sir Daniel 
Fleming's Survey of Cumberland^ p. 15. 
,H B 



THE ft^^INGS IN OXFORD 

Went 10 Schqrfs'-yiz", lo Mr Wheelwright 4 Radclife ' at Kesw. 
Removed It/Sicirwilh '. Learned of Mr an Irishman in 41, 

Mr SbUttVick ', Mr at Euxionburgh' in 40, Mr Bartle 

a.'Suptchman at Irton * July 44 Crab., Mr Waterhouse at Owseby ' 
'■._ [Vcirk Battel' July 44. Mr jo. Martin' at Eamont-bridge ' (Carlile 
,_ ,'-seige' June 45), Mr Tho. Milbume" at Penrith, Mr Sanderson at 
Kes. in 48 & Mr Dodgson at Bank" & Home 49. 
Removed to Coniston. 

' Radcliffe was of coorse a common name on the shores of Derwentwalcr. 
' ' Skirwith and Ousby are in the eilteme south-east of Cambeiland, jnit ander 
Crosafell. Skirwilh was a manor in the parish of Kirkland, bought in 1607 by 
Agnes, widow of William Fleming, D. F.'s great-grandfather. She settled it on 
Daniel, her fonrtli son, whose son William, D. F.'i bthcr, became, by failure of hii 
elder brothers' descendants, bead of (he Rydal funily. 

* Perhaps John Santblacke or Southaike of Cumberland, who entered Queen's 
ColUge, as batler, in Michaelmas Term, i6j6, and matriculated 11 November, 
1618, sacerdotis tillus, aged 17. He may have been related to the Francis 
Southaik who sold the advowson of Skelton to Corpna Chriati Coll<£e, Oxford, in 

' Euxton is not far ^m Cborley in Loncasbire. Margaret Kirkby, sister of 
Alice, D. F.'s mother, was married lo Hugh AndeiCon of Euiton. 

* Irton, in the south-wfst of Cumberland, not far from Mnncastcr Castle. The 
Flemings were connected with the Irtons of Irion, throngh the Kirkbyi. 

* Tbe battle of Marstoa Moor, which immediately reiulted in the sanender of 
York to the Parliamentary army, took place I July, 1644. 

' There were two John Martini of Queen's College, either of whom might ha»e 
been teaiibing at Eamont Bridge at this time : John, son of Thomas of Barton, 
ihe parish of Westmorland into which you cross over the Eamont from Penrith, 
who Qiatrlculated 13 Nor., iCj8, aged 17 ; and John, son of Thomas of Langonby 
(Langwathby), not far from Penrith to the east, who matricnlalcd 8 May, 1640, 
•ged 16. The war would probably have brought both of them home from Oxford 
after taking their B.A. degree, which they seem to have done, one in Febraory, 
and one in March, 1643^4. In the Long Roll for 1641-3, two Marlins are among 
the ' servientes,' to whom ' secundum decretum factum i: Sept. in dissolucione 
collcgii super adventum hostium' iCii . 01 was paid 'vice commnnarum pioicptem 
hebdomadis.' They are there called Martin senior and junior. 

' The bridge over the Kamont near Penrith connects Cumberland and Wesl- 
morlani). 

■ The liege of Carlisle lasted from October, 1644, to June, :64s- Several 
Penrith people contributed provisions to the garrison (Nicolson and Bum, ii. 

»34 "iq.)- 

'" This was perhaps Thomas Milbome, who entered Queen's College, as bailer, 
in Easter Term, 1618, and matriculated ji Novemlicr, 1638, as of Cumberland, 
aged 1 7. sacerdotis tilins, and proceeded B.A., ao Octotier, 1631, and M.A., 8 Jnly, 
1634, who was probably younger brother of Robert, who matriculated, aged iS, 
the same daf. Their father may have been I..eonard Milboume, who was panon 
of Oasby in 1644, and of Skelton from 1613 onwards. 

" Bank : a manor in Ihe parish of Klrkland, and so not far from Skirwith. It 
belonged lo the Crakenthotpcs. 



^P W«nl U 
V Beck. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



W«nl to X^ondon May 29, 1650. with J. fi.' to clear Con. R/d. & 

Beck, from sequesti.' 
Entered in Grays Inn in June 1650'. 

Went by Coach to Queens Coll. in Oxra (A comoner) July ao, 1650'. 
Mr S.' my tutor, D' L.' Provost, D^ G.' Vice Chancellor. 
First Mr Jo. Reeves', afterwards Mr Hen. Row* my chamber- 

fellowes ". 
Matriculated" i3*paiiJ", 



' J. S. U JohD Buickes, ibe (ailhliil ictainei litiin whom we li^ve aeveml lettfis 

Wow, V, VI, &C. 

• ConisKm, Kydal, aud Beckemict were the three chief FlcminE properties in 
Laocaduic. Weslmorland, »nd ConiberUnd respectively. Bolh Willism Fleming, 
D. F.'s (lUher. and the coivdn of the tame name whose heir he was, had appeared 
in ■mu OD the king's side. The family property wiis seqnesteied, «nd Rydal 
ptuDdeicd and stripped by the Cromwellians under Sir Wilfred Lawson of Isel 
(Buns and Nicolioo, i. i6j sq.). For the details of the process of clearing the 
ett«tes from tcqucslnlion, sec Appendix A. 

' iCjo, June 14, Dajiiel Fleming, son of William F. of Connislone, co. 
Ijticaaer, knigbt (Foster's Gray'! Inn Admiisinn RtgUttr, p. 354). D. F.'s 
biher does not, howeret, seem to haTc been ever knighted. 

• Ter. Mag. Vac. 165*. (S') Danietl Fleminge, July so, c. (Queen's College 
Eulraocc B(>ok) ; i. e. Daniel Fleming, aftecwards Knighl, entered as coDUnoner, 
lo Joly, 1650, io the Term of the Long Vacation. 

) Thomu Smith, aftenvaida Dean, aod hnallj Bishop of Carlisle. There is 
« good life of hint in Diet. Nat. Biog., vol. liii. Several letters liQin him are 
printed below. 

• Cerard Langbaine, Provost of Qaeen's Coll^;e from 1646 to 58. There are 
■Ome Icltcfs &om htm in the Supplement. 

' Daniel Greenwood, I'lincipal of Urasenose College Irom 1648 to 60, was Vice- 
Cbanorllor of the Uoiversily from i6jo to 51. 

' John Ryves enteitd Queen's ColleKf, BS Upper Commoner, a 3 September, 1649. 
He maCricnialed iS NoTember, 1650, and became student of the Middle Temple, 
l6jt, as ion and heir of George, of Damory, Dorset, £&q., ' the last of the Dirnoiy 
lioe' i,SiMa, AAimHi OxBH.,*.v:). Hii pedigree is in Hnichins' Virtei (ed. iii), 
»ol. iv. p. 97, 

• Heniy Kowe entered Queen's College, as Upper Commoner, 31 March, 1651, 
BMUricolated 14 April, 1651. Foster suggests that he may be the same as 
UcDrj Roe. Mo of Henry, who died 15 August, 1670, and was buried at 



• Ua 



tofn 



t, of o 



nail ri 



ra) and work separately 



the practice w 

in the small rooms (musaea). 

" Daniel Fleming matriculated IS November, i6jQ, as 'armigeri filius.' John 
KcTts. Joaeph Williamson, Richard and Thomea Lamplugh, Thomas Cartwright 
(lAcrwaidt Bishop of Chester), and Clement EIis were among those who malri- 
tnlated from Qnecn's Coll. on the same day. 



n Heome's time the fee for Ibe matriculation of ai 
tSodL US. Kawlinson, Heame's Diarm, lOi, p. \x). 



armiger 



i6j. W. 



4 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

In June 1651 in St Maryes Church I did first see M" B. F.* after- 
wards my wife. 

I went to Bath & Bristol with &c. Aug. 13, 1651. 

I sett my Lady F.* &c. in Mar. 51 northward as farr as Toak-Hill '. 

A greate Eclipse ^ (on a black Munday) at Lichfield. I first pre- 
sented M" B. F. with a gold Ring. 

I left Oxford July 13, 1652. came downe with my Uncle Jo. Kirkby *, 
charges there. 

Was at Skipton meeting^ and came from thence to Con. 

My Father sent me to Yanewith^ & Skirw.' & dyneing at Acomb.* 

* Barbara, eldest daughter of Sir Henzy Fletcher, of Hntton in the Forest, 
Cumberland, baronet, who was slain at the battle of Rowton Heath, 1645, and of 
Catherine, his wife, eldest daughter of Sir George Dalston, of Dalston, Comber- 
land, knight. For her brother. Sir George, with whom she would be staying, see 
below, note i, p. 5. 

' Lady Fletcher afterwards married Thomas Smith, D. F.*s coU^e tntor, for whom 
see above, note 5, p, 3. The < &c' here and below, seems to indnde Barbara Fletcher. 

* Toak-HiU or Talk o* th* Hill (on the Hill), on the great North road, 00 the 
borders of Staffordshire and Cheshire, 5 miles north-north-west from Newcastle- 
under-Lyme. Nine comities are said to be visible from the village, and the 
mountains of Wales in the distance. 

^ < The famous Blade Monday ; fearfrilest eclipse of the Sun ever seen by man- 
kind. Came on about nine in the morning; darker and darker, ploughmen 
unyoked their teams, stars came out, birds sorrowfully chirping took to roost, 
men in amazement to prayers : a day of much obscurity ; Black Monday ^ or Mirk 
Mondays 39th March, 165a. Much noised of by Lilly, Booker, and the buzzard 
Astrologer tribe' (Carlyle, Cromwelts Letters and Speeches (ed. 1845), vol. ii. 
p. 169). Easter Monday had before this got the name of Black Monday from the 
dark indement weather which befell Edward III and his army before Paris on that 
day, which was 14 April, in 1360. In 1653, 39 March was the fifth Monday 
in Lent. 

' John Kirkby of Coniston Hall, second son of Roger Kirkby of Kirkby 
Ireleth, Lancashire, and Jane, daughter of Edward Rigby of Burgh, his wife, was 
at school for two years at Sedbergh, under Gilbert Nelson, and was admitted 
pensioner of St John's College, Cambridge, 14 May, 1631, being then past fifteen 
years of age. He was brother of D. F.'s moUier. II and XXV are samples of 
his Latinity. 

* Probably on 19 July : see the end of this sketch. The meetings are probably 
in connexion with the removal of the sequestration. 

^ Yanwith or Yanwath, a picturesque Hall with a Peel tower, close to the 
London and North-Westem Railway, just south of Penrith, was at this time 
occupied by Christopher Dudley (called below My uncle Dudley), who was 
married to Agnes, sister of William Fleming, D. F.'s father. 

' Skirwith : see above, note 3, p. 3. It was hdd at this time by Thomas, 
William Fleming*s third brother. 

* Acorn Bank, the manor house of the manor of Temple Sowerby, was at this 
time the seat of John Dalston, whose son Christopher afterwards married Bridget, 
third daughter of Sir Henry Fletcher, and younger sister of Barbara, D. F.'s wife. 




THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



I did see S' Geo.' &c- Afternards I went lo Hutton*, being y* 
6ret time I was ever there. I did go again unlo Hutton. 

Dec. l8, 51. I began my London -journey '. Jan. j, 52. I went to 
Oxford & look my caution-money '. Jan. sa I went first into 
CoJbons at Grays Inn & paid 4* for a Fine, besides Fees. 

My Father dyed May 34. 53. which sad newes I heard not (being at 
London) before June 3. 53. I came from London SepL 28. 53. 
I i&A come downe by Manchester to see my brother Roger* an 
Apprentice ther S""* i. z & 3. 1653, October 6. 1 was God- Father 
to M" Agnes Dicconson at Heskin', & 1 came to Conislon Oct. 13, 
53. Nov. 8, 53 I went to Hutton, (haveing been at Yanewith, 
Skir. & Hulton-John ') ft came from thence Nov. 1 4. At Hutton. 
Nov. 30. I went Nov. 33 from Keswick by Isel' to Lamplugh* 

' Sir G«oi^ FletcbcT wu only ion and facii of Sit Heaiy Pictcher of Hatlon, 
s killed at the battle of Rowton Heath ia Cheshire, A.D. 1645, 
ibting for the king. Sir George wu a contempotBry of D. F. al Qiieen\ 
J cnlrrcd there a* ftUow coromoner 16 Jnne, and matriculated 30 July, 
1651. He was at that time eighteen yean of age. Theie are muiy letten fiom 
Um 10 D. F. in the Rydal papers. He was repeatedly M.P. for Cnmberland 
bcTweeii 1661 and his death on 13 Jnly, 1700. George JohniioD, aervaol to 
Sa George Fletcher, was entered on the College Books the lame day as hii 

* HattOD, called Hutton in tbe Forest to distinguish it from Hollon John, the 
MU of lllc Hndlestooes, was tbe leat of the Fletchers, 5} miles north-west of 
P^vith. The Flelehera were ori^nally of Cockermooth, and bonght Hatton 
oTTIioDuu Hattoo in the leiga of Jama I. 

* Dclaili of this joamey arc inpplied in the agcoanti of John Banckci, who 
■oeonpcnkd him. See XIX. 

' The caiition-moncy was 1C5. For bit eipenaes during thii risit to London, see 
XXI\' and XXVII. 
' Roger was D. F.'s OEit brother. There are letters from him below IX, 
_XIV, XXI, ftc. 

* Hetkin it a township in the parish of Eedeslon, not fiu from Choiley in 
In Wrightlngton, an adjoining township in the same parish, wa.i 

_ jn Hall, the chief seat of the Dicconsons, who had also property in the 
« towtuhip*. Agnes Kirkby, third daughter of Koger, eldest brother of Alice, 
ll F.'i mother, was married to Hugh Dicconson of Wnghtington. 

* Hutton John, near the road from Penrith to Keswick, is the seal of the 
"ciloaes. Tbcy were connected with the Flemings through Dorothy, second 
•3 of D. F.'s father, who ms married to Andiew Hudlesloae. 

J Cockermoutb, was the seal of the Lawsoos. Katherine, daoehler 
■ Sir Wilfrid Lawson, was married to Andrew Hudlestone, son of the Andiew 
D was married to Dorothy Fleming : see preceding note. 

* Lanplngh, not far from Lowes Water, the seat of the family of the same 
The first wife of Col. John Lamplugh, who was now head of the family, 

KCaT>I>CT ofhcer, wounded and lakeo prisoner at Matston Moor, was Jane Kirkby, 
a of Roger, the eldest brother of D. F.'i mother. 



6 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

& hurl a Horse on Souihwaitbridge '. I was at Becker '. 

Nov. as. 
Jan. 10. 53. A meeting* al Kendal concerning Rydal, &c. 
Rydal surveyed Jan. 11, 53. 

' t^oulhwuiic i« B mill on the river Cocker before it rencbes Cackermouth, as 
I va infonned by Canon Sherwen of Dean, '«nd close to tbst mill wsa > bridge 
for foot pasaeDgers, a v/oodeo erection which eiisted in lS6<S, and tias till live or 
six ycare ego the only bridge over the river al that place. There is now (1900) 
a commodioaa stone bridge a few yards higher up the streBia. I have manytimes,' 
writes [be Caooa, 'driven thtongh the ford, bnt after a heavy rainfall il Was often 
dangerous. It is jusl the place where a man, either riding through the ford or 
walking over the foot-bridge and holding the bridle of a horse passing through the 
stream, might have il carried away.' It looks as tboagb D. F.'s accident was doe 
to an attempt to get the boise over the bridge. 

' Lillle Beckermet or St. John Beckermet, to be dislingnished from Great or 
^1. lindget Beckermet : u manor near Calderbridge in Wot Cnmberland, a very 
ancient property of (he Flemings. 

■ The meetings, differences, arileles, awards, and references mentioned here and 
just below, arc explained by ihe following from Bums and Nicolson (i. 364) : — 
' In the year 1653, ihia Daniel got posaesslon of the manors of Rydal, Coningston, 
and Beckermet, which had hitherto been under sequestration ; Kyda] having been 
leased out by Mr. John Archer and other Committee men at Kendal to Walter 
Strickland esquire, uncle to Ihe two daughters uf John Fleming esquire, sisters of 
William aforesaid, who died without issue ; those two daughters claiming as heb^ 
to their father and brother, against this collateral branch who claimed by virtue of 
the intail." 

The relationship of the persons here mentioned is exhibited in the following 
extract from the family pedigree ; — 

Sir Thomas Strickhind William Fleming 



..'. 



I 



I . 



I 



I. 



WHUi. 



Bridget, 
married 
Sir Jordan 
Croslaod. 



AgneS; 



William 



George | 

Collingwood. D. F. 

John Archer was local Commiuioner for Cumberland and Westmoreland, and 
look a leadiiitj part in the business o( the Committee, visiting London more than 
once on its business, and receiving at Kendal the letters addressed to it In 1649 
he was Mayor of Kendal. In l6<;4 he became dissatisfied vrith the proceedings of 
the London Committee, and resigned, being succeeded, |3 May, 1654, by Jer. 
Tolhunt and Paul Wymond. He acted as Commissioner on diffetent occasions 
with Richard Bisuthwaite, Roger Bateman, Thomas Lamplugh, and Thomas 
Craister. See CaUndar of tkt Cotiimiltec for Cemfounding viilk DtlinqMenti, 
passim. His name appears in a list of elders at Kendal in the list of the names of 
the [iresbyterian classes in the Barony of Kendal (Tanner MSS. Bodleian, vol, ii. 
folio 517]. See W. A. Shaw's Chunk uudir Ike Commemviallk, vol. ii. p. 369, 
and Appendix A. 



^ THff FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 5 

^Kt 1 ^ see S' Geo.' &c. Afterwards I went 10 Hutton', being y' 
first time I was ever there. I did go again unto Hutton. 
Dec. 18, 53. I began my Lo n don- journey '. Jan. 2, 52. I went to 
Oxford & took my cftulion-money '. Jan. 22 1 went first into 
ComoDS at Grays Inn & paid 4'' for a Fine, besides Fees. 
My Father dyed May 24. 53. which sad newes I heard not (being ai 
London) before June 3, 53, I came from London Sept. 28, 53. 
I dlid come downe by Manchester to see ray brother Roger' an 
AppFCDtice ther S'^ 1.2*3- *^53- October 6. 1 was God-Father 
to M^AgnesDicconsonat Heskin', &I came to Coniston Oct. 13, 

^^H 53< Nov. 8, 53 I went to Hutton, (haveing been at YanewJih, 

^^m Skir. ft Hutton-John '') & came from thence Nov. 1 4. At Hutton. 

^^H Nov. 10. I went Nov. 22 from Keswick by Iscl' to Lamplugh' 

^^^V !St George Fletdier was only iod and heir of Sir Hcniy Fletcher of Hutton, 

^^Ktl., who wu killed at (be batlie of RowtoD Heslh io Cbesbiie, A.n. 1645, 

^^^^plini; for the king. Sir George wu a contemporary of D. F. nt Qoeea's, 

^^^mng enlmd there aa fellow commoner 16 Jane, and matriculated 30 July, 

^ WSjt. He was ttl that time eigbleen years of age. There arc many letters from 

ktm 10 D. F. JD the Rjdal papers. He was repeatedly M.P. for Camberlaiid 

between 1661 and hU death on 13 July, );foo. George Jotiniton, tervBnt lo 

Sir George Fletcher, was entered on the College Books the same day as bis 

nmlEr. but doei not seem lo have matrlculsted- 

* Hutton, called Hutton tn the P'oieit to ilistlngnish it fiom Hutton John, the 
Kat of the Hodlestonci, was the seat of the Flelebers, 5} miles oorth-weit of 
Peniith. Tbe Flelcfaen were originally of Cockermonth, and bought Hutton 
of Thomas Hutton in the leigo of James I. 

* Details of this journey are supplied !□ the accounts of Jolui Bancket, who 
Eompanled him. See XIX. 

* Tbe OBtion-money was £5. For his expenses during this visit to London, see 
"^ and XXVIL 

fe Koget wu D. F.'i next brother. There arc letter* from him below IX, 
^. XXI, &c 

* HcdtD is a lownsblp in the parish of Eccleslon, not fas from Chorley in 
In Wiighlington, an adjoiniog township in the same parish, was 

[btiogion Hall, the chief seat of the DJccoosons, who had also property in the 
■t towiubipi. Agnes Kirkby, third daughter of Roger, eldest brother of Alice, 
D. F.'s mother, was married to Hugh Dicconson of Wrighlington. 

' Kniton John, near Ihe road from Penrith to Keswick, is tbe seat of the 
Undlesloacs. They were connected with the Flembgs thtoujjh Dorothy, second 
^tMn of D. F.'s bthcT, who was married to Andrew ilndlestone. 
^L* 1m], near Cockermouth, was the seat of the Lawsons. Kathcrine, danghlei 
H|Sir Wilfrid LawsoD, was married to Andrew Hudleslonc, son of tbe Andrew 
^■b WM ntanied to Dorothy Fleming : sec preceding note. 

^P Lampltigh, Dot far from Lowes Water, the seat of tbe family of the same 
^ke. The first wife of Cot. John Lamplngh, who wis now bead of the family, 
^BSvnliet olliccr, wounded and taken prisoner at Maiston Moor, was Jane Kitkby, 
^Bridot dktigliter of Roger, the eldest brother of D. F.'s mother. 



8 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

Ryd. — &c 
Apr. 27. 55 Went towards London, May 4, 55 at London. 
May 18, 55 Mr (afterwards S' Jeffrey) Palmer* did give directions 

for drawing of my wifes Joynture with Mr Tho. Lee* of y« 

Temple see June 30, 55. 
May 22, 55 Accompanied S' G. F.' &c. to Stevenidge* with Mr 

Sidney Mon.* & S^ Edw. Mansel Bar.* 
May 26, 55 My uncle Dudley ^ comitled to ye Upper bench Prison. 
May 28, 55, Rec by y® Post my Lady Fletchers Stat. Slap.' 
May 301^55, 1 did swim in Thames. 
May 31, 55 Given to a Poetaster 2» 6^. 
June ye 2, 55 Bought my wedding clothes & June 9, 55 & June 12, 

i3» 15. Ac. 
June 22. 55 Bought a Tortois-shell Trunk & gloves. Paid for 
cutting of my steel with 15 Coates* therein. 



' Geoffrey Palmer, banister at law of Middle Temple 1633, one of the managers 
of Strafford's impeachment 1641, joined Hyde and Falkland and withdrew from 
the House of Commons 1643, joined Charles's Parliament at Oxford 1644, com- 
mitted to the Tower, 9 June, 1655, but released following September, made 
attorney-general, knighted and niade a baronet 1660, died 1670, aged 7a {Diet. 
Nat. Biog,f s. ▼.). 

' Perhaps Thomas Lee of Woodford, Essex, second son of Sir Harry Lee, Knt., 
entered Inner Temple, Not. 1630. 

* i.e. George Fletcher. 

^ Stevenage in Hertfordshire, on the great North road, thirty-one miles from 
London. 

' Sidney, son of Hon. James Montagu, and grandson of Henry, first Earl of 
Manchester, was now about fourteen years of age. 

* Sir Edward Mansel, of Margam, son of Sir Lewis Mansel, first baronet, and of 
Elizabeth, eldest sister of the above-mentioned James Montagu, and so first cousin 
of Sidney Montagu, was now about eighteen years of age. He was also first 
cousin of Alice, daughter of Hugh Hare, first Baron Coleraine, by his wife Alice, 
second sister of the same James Montagu, who had in February of this year 
become Sir George Fletcher's first wife. 

^ Christopher Dudley, of Yanwath (see above, note 7, p. 4), the last of his line, 
sold Yanwath to Sir John Lowther, of Lowther, 1654. On the death of his vdfe, 
a good many family papers came to D. F., some of which, relating to Oxford, are 
printed in the Supplement 

' D. F.'s accounts for this period are printed in part in XXXU, where this 
item appears as paid ' to y* Post for my Lady Fletcher's Statute 00-01-00.' It 
would seem that he had been seeking for some Statute, which eventually he had 
to ask her to send him by post. As her husband had been killed fighting for the 
long, she would probably be at this time in l^;al trouble on behalf of her son's 
inheritance. In 1645 she and her children had been sent as prisoners to Carlisle 
(Bums and Nicolson, ii. 390). 

* The fifteen coati are— i and 15, Fleming ; a, Unwick ; 3, Lanctiter ; 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 9 

June 23, 1 did swim in Thames with my cosins K.' & Tildesley*. 

July 4, 55 I left London. I got home July 17, 55. 
Con. m. 

At Hutton July 28, 55. 
Ryd, &c. 2. 

Aug. 13, 55, Paid for Ingrossing of my marryage Settlemt. 

At Hutton Aug. 17, 55. 

Aug. 27, 55, Marryed at Hutton, i«* privately by Mr Lane. Fletcher ' 
y« Justice & then publickly by Mr. Tho. Smith*, now Dean of 
Carlile. Verses. Bridesmaids & His men. 

Aug. 28, 55. Went to Holgill", y« next day to Appleby-Castle*, where 
all night Aug. 30. The Countess of P.^ gave my wife & me a 
silver salt w^* is not used. That day lye set S^ Geo. & his Lady * 
to Brough ' & then called at Skirwith-Hall ^® & went to Hutton 

4, Huddletton; 5, Peele; 6, Milium; 7, Fen wick; 8, Stapylton; 9, Bros; 
10, FitzAlan; 11, Maltraveis; la, Ingham; 13, Delapole; 14, Chamer. (See 
Foster's Cumb. and IVestm, Pedigrees, p. 46.) 

^ Richard Kirkby, a colonel in the army of Charles I, eldest son and heir of 
Roger Kirkby, D. F.'s mother's eldest brother. 

' Probably Edward Tildesley, of Tildesley, Esq., son of Sir Thomas, who was 
killed in the fight at Wigan, 25 Angnst, 1651. He was bom 1635, and his grand- 
mother was an Anderton, hence probably the consinship. 

' Lancelot Fletcher, of Tallantire, was the head of the family of which the 
Fletchers of Hntton were a branch. He seems to have belonged to the Parlia- 
mentary party, as his eldest child, Dorothy, vms married 29 September, 1653, to 
George Larkham, who was the first pastor of the congregational church in Cocker- 
month {Cumb. and IVestm, Transactions, iv. 266). 

* Thomas Smith, see above, n. 5, p. 3. He married Sir Henry Fletcher's widow, 
the mother of D. F.'s wife. 

* Holgill is probably Howgill Castle in Kirkby Thore parish, half-way between 
Hntton and Appleby. It was one of the Sandford houses, which perhaps explains 
why D. F., lower down, becomes godfather to Mr. Cuth. Sandford. Thomas 
Sandford, of Howgill Castle, who was created baronet in 1641, married Bridget, 
daughter of Sir George Dalston, of Dalston, and sister of Catherine, Lady Fletcher, 
D. F.'s wife's mother. 

* One of the castles held at this time by Anne, only daughter and heir of 
George, third Earl of Cumberland, in her own right Baroness Clifford, by virtue 
of her first husband Countess of Dorset, and by virtue of her second husband 
Countess of Pembroke and Montgomery, one of the most remarkable women of 
her time. See her life in D, N, B, 

* i. c. Pembroke : see previous note. 

' Sir George Fletcher's first wife was Alice, daughter of Hugh, first Baron 
Coleraine. They were married at Totteridge in Hertfordshire, 27 February, 
1654-5. See above, n. 6, p. 8. 

* Brough would be on the road to London via Richmond, Northallerton, and 
York. 

** Surwith : see above, n. 2, p. 2. 



lo THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

at night. At Yainwith ^ Sept 7, at Hutton John * Sept 8. Sept 26 
wee went to Coniston. Oct 2 my wife first at Rydal. Oct 1 1 
at Lowick'. Oct. 16 at Kirkby*. Oct 20, 55. Went from 
Coniston' to Keswick • & so to Cockennouth ^. Oct 31 went to 
Hutton. 
Kirk — 30. 

Jan. 30 Paid Rowland Hodgston & his mother for Kirkland ^ 

Paid my cosin Collingwood* Dec. 13, 55, 549* 2» o^. 

It to Sr Jor.*« Jan. 15, 55, 552* 3" od. 

Godfather to Mr Cuth. Sandford " Feb*. 27, 55. 

* Yainwith or Yanwath : see above, n. 7, p. 4. 
' Hutton John : see above, n. 7, p. 5. 

' Lowick, in the parish of Ulventon in Lancashire, directly sonth of Conistoti 
Lake, the seat of the Ambroses. The head of the family at this time was John, 
whose first wife was Dorothy Fleming, eldest sister of Daniel, D. F.'s grandfather, 
by whom he had fourteen children. (See West*s Fumess^ Synopsis of the Furnas 
Families,) 

* Kirkby, called Kirkby Ireleth to distinguish it from the many other Kirkbys, 
on the Duddon, not far from Ulverston, was the seat of the Kirkby &mily to which 
Alice, D. F.'s mother, belonged. The head of the family at this time was Richard, 
for whom see above, n. i, p. 9. 

' Coniston was at this time D. F.*s home. 

* i. e. to Monkhall, see n. 6, p. i. 

* At Cockermonth lived Lady Fletcher, the mother of D. F.'s wife, with her 
second husband. Dr. Thomas Smith, afterwards Bishop of Carlisle. 

' Kirkland, the parish in which Skirwith is situate. The Flemings held both 
the township of Kirkland and the manor of Skirwith. This payment probably 
has reference to the purchase of the remaining part of the manor of Kirkland, 
which had not been completed by his &ther (Bums and Nicolson, i. 165). 

* George Collingwood, of Esslington, in Northumberland, married Agnes, 
daughter of John Fleming, of Rydal, co-heiress of her brother William, whose 
death, la May, 1649, b^^ore he came of age, made William, D. F.'s father, head 
of the Fleming family. His son or grandson of the same name was attainted and 
executed in 17 15 for joining the Earl of Derwentwater in his rebellion, when 
Eslington, which is in the parish of Whittingham, was bought by the Liddells, and 
now belongs to the Earl of Ravenswortb. See Appendix A, where Mrs. Colling- 
wood appears as Agnes Fleming. 

^ Sir Jordan Crosland, knighted at Lincoln, 14 July, 1642, married Bridget, the 
elder daughter of John Fleming. These pajrments were probably to get rid of the 
claims of the two sisters. See above, n. 3, p. 6. In 1665, when Dugdale's visitation 
of Yorkshire took place, he was forty-five years of age, and Constable of Scar- 
borough Castle. He is described in the visitation (Surtees Society, xxxvi. p. 133) 
as of Newby, in the liberty of Rippon, in the county of York. Newby is now the 
seat of the Vyners. Harum How, which is given as Sir Jordan's residence in the 
Cumberland Visitation, is in the parish of Helmsley, in the North Riding of York- 
shire, not far from Duncombe Park, the seat of the Earls of Feversham. 

" See n. 5, p. 9. This may have been a son of Sir Thomas Sandford, who 
did not live to maturity. Cuthbert is a name in the Sandford family, but does not 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD ii 

Left Hutton Mar. 27, 56. Left CcMiiston Apr. 27, 56 when wee 

began to keep house at Rydal. May 6, 56 Rydal glazed, 

July 28, 56 Rydal plaistered. 
Monk 33, 6. 
Apr. 10, 57 I went to London to serve of 2 Juryes, reached London 

Apr. 17, Left London Apr. 29, 57. 
New Boat at Rydal June 19, 57. Aug. 18, 58 at SrGeo. Fletchers 

Assises. 
Con. I. 
A meeting* at Ambleside Nov. 5 & 6, 52. At Cartmel Nov. 17 & 

18, 52. At Skipton July 19, 20, 21, 22, 1652. 



IL 
John Kukby* to Daniel Fleming (214). 

Velim equidem (mi Charissime Daniel) ut has testarentur Literae 
nos non tantiim tui meminisse ; verum etiam de te meditari. 

Amicorum hoc officium est ; Maximb nostriim ; non minus Rebus 
tuis quam nostris Consulere. 

Tuae nobis allatse sunt; omnibus Pergratae; utpote plenae £rga 
Patrem Obsequij; £rga Matrem observantiae ; £rga me Amoris, 
Humanitatis £rga omnes. 

Gratulamur tibi hoc magnum Ingenij tui specimen ; maximamque 
bonae Indolis spem, Macte esto. £t dum officium adeo Ingenu^ 

non minus 

prxstas tuum; nostrum eximib Prouocas; sed nos aeque Faelicioris 

quam 

tui Progressus adiumentum studeamus, ac tu Literas Animique orna- 
mentum. 

Gratulor tibi Matrem Academiam, cuius in CunabuHs licet adhuc 
x-agijs ; tamen si banc Amore studioque Prosequeris non soldm Ubera 
sua tibi lactanda, venim et Pocula sacra tandem Compotanda Prebeai ; 
Et sic te virum verb Praestabit ; omnibus Virtutum numeris ; Plusqukm 

occur in the list of Sir Thomases children as given by Burke in Extinct Baronetagesy 
s. ▼. Bams and Nicolson, besides giving the six whose names Burke borrows from 
them, say he had ten other children who died young. 

^ These meetings, which are here mentioned out of their place, should come in 
above, p. 4. The one at Skipton, of 19 July, is probably the one mentioned on 
his return from Oxford. 

* Sec n. 5, p. 4. 



12 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

Maiorum Nominibus oraatum. Haec Aspira, haec Ama, ut sis Matxe 
pulchra Filius pulchrior. (In Marg. te Decet) 

Pronum me Habebis, in negatam mihi Prouindam, scilicet Laudum 
tuanim. (Propter Comitatem, Sobrietatem, morum suauitatem, 
sumamque in omnibus diligentiam : & erga omnes humanitatem) 
nisi quod banc & modestia tua abstulerit, & nostra denegdrit. Sed 
qua cepisti I nunc Pede fausto : £t 

Habe maximi Amoris minimum hoc testimonium; Praesertim 

illius; qui 

Tui Amantissimus 
%yn\». 3p«o. Studiosissimusq. 

' ^ Jo: KiRKBY. 

For 
My Dear Cosin * Mr 
Daniell Fleminge 
at Queen's Coll: in 
Oxford these 

Present. 

III. 
Daniel Fleming to John Kirkby (216). 

Non existimo mihi sollicitd oratione opus esse apud te (amantissime 
avuncule) ut culpam supioris silentij deprecer. Ciim enim nihil 
haberem quod tua scire magnopere interesset, causa non erat cur ultr6 
ineptirem, teq. virum serium ac gravem Uteris inanibus ac impolitis 
interpellarem. Verumtamen ciim pspexisse mihi videar ex amicissi- 
mis tuis Uteris te nostrum in scribendo officium non aspematurum, 
committere noUm ut meas qualesquales Uterulas diutius desiderares. 

Did cert^ non potest qukm gratae mihi fuerunt liters ills tuae, ex 
quibus insignem tuam erga me benevolentiam facile perspexi. Huic 
enim debeo quod mei adeo singularem (quam ego sane k meis mentis 
sperare minime potuissem) retineas memoriam. 

Utinam mihi esset in promptu eam referre gratiam, quam me tibi 
semper habiturum profiteor. Veriim majora sunt tua in me collata 
beneficia qukm ut verbis tantiim gratias tibi agere aut veHm aut 
debeam. Accipe interim, ac boni (quaeso) consule has studiorum 
meorum Academicorum primitias, banc infantulae Musae balbutiem, 

* Really nephew. So D. F., in his reply, calls him correctly ' avuncule/ The 
word was formerly applied to any collateral relative more distant than a brother 
or sister, or even to any kinsman. 



% 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 13 

d&nec quid grandior aias paster a sorsque ferai melius. Quod autem 
neq. verbis neq. officijs prsestare valeam, conabor precibus; diu te 
incolmnem servet summus rerum arbiter, ac tandem (sed ser6, ser6 
precor !) te reddat Olympo. Vale et salve, benignissime avuncule, et 
me inter tui amantes ac colentes baud postremmn cense. 

Tibi omni officiorum nexu 
devinctissimus 

Daniel Fleming. 

Oxooij : 13* Dccembris 
A.D. 165a 



IV. 

AucB Fleming* to Daniel Fleming (217). 

Sonne Daniell 

I receiued yo^ ire and I am glad to heare of yc^ good intention ; 
and I wilbe more glad to heare of the reall pformance, accordingly. 
In the first place feare God and then, obey yo^ fathers advise : and 
mine which if you do, dnt doubt, but God will soe assist yo' 

good endeavors that you take in hand that all shall goe well with y^ 
according to our intention ft yo^ endeavors, dear sonne soe longe euer 
as I heare yo^ well doeing t is my dayly comfort; and y^ may 
assure yo'self, there shall be noething wanting in me to pform the pt 
of a loueing mother; and thirdly thejse tjrmes are soe troublesome 
with ous ; and wee are soe pplexed with this troublesome fellow S' 
Jordon * ; that wee are not able to get monye by all the meanes we 
can make to mayntayne the sute & there for a fregrale way must be 
obserued by us all ; if it be possible to gayne our right ; for the shrist ' 
yo wrot for, I will get y" them as soune as I can and I will send y^ 
them abut Whutsonday abut then they are the whitest and chipest ; 
my sone Alexander * hath but his arme out of Joynt which did a littel 
trouble me but God be praysd he is frele well recovered ; Sone if ther 
be anything yo doe want writ put to me. and if it be within my 

* Alice, elder daughter of Roger Kirkby, of Kirkby Ireleth, Esq., and Jane, 
danghter of Edward Rigby, of Burgh, was married to William, D. F.'s father, 
7 Ch. I (1633-3). 

* Sec n. 10, p. 10. 
' Le. shirts. 

* Alexander, sixth son of William and Alice Fleming, afterwards a merchant at 
Ncwcastle-on-Tyne. 



14 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

poowre I will send it yo aoe with my dayly praaiers for your health 
I Rest 

Your truly louing Mother 

Auc£ Flemings. 

from Coniston the 
a6 day of Jaxutvary 
Anno Dom 165)^ 

Po Your father beds y° plye your booke 
and y^ shall want noething 
For and 

her most kind suoone Master 
Daniel Fleming at Ox- 
ford in Quens Coledg these. 



V. 

John Banckes^ to Daniel Fleming (218). 
Sir 

I giue yo° many thankes for yo^ kind and loueing tres * w^^li yo^ 

are pleased to send I shall all wayes rest oblidged and doe my vtmost 

Indeavore to merite yo^ good oppenion, I am sorry that I cannot 

come to Oxford to see yo^, But truely I am sot tryed heart that puts nu 

by all ciuilities. I had one heareing yesterday of yo' fatheres bussines 

and shall haue another this daye, god send that I get any thin done 

Mr Fell ' goes out of towne tomorrow and I would gladly goe w^^ him 

iflf it weare possible I haue sent yo** the io« w«*^ yo' Ant Dudley * sent 

yo^ heare are noe newes iff I stay yo^ shall heare from me I hope 

yo^ wUl meet w^^ some convenient messenger to send yo' tres into 

the Contry w<!^ all wilbe glad to heare And specially he who euer 

remaynes 

Yo' faithfully to seme 

yo' John Banckes. 

London this 
27 Feb. 1650. 

* See n. i^ p. 3. ' i.e. letters. 

' Thomas Fell, of Swarthmoor Hall, near Ulverston, born 1598^ married 1633, 
Margaret Askew, who afterwards married George Fox, the Quaker. Fell was 
Vice-Chancellor of the County Palatine of Lancaster, and Chancellor of the 
Duchy. He was much esteemed in his county, and generally respected for his 
justice, wisdom, moderation, and mercy. About this time he was made bencher 
of Gray*s Inn, being at the time a Judge of Assize for Chester and North Wales. 
He favoured the Quakers, though he did not join their body. As a Puritan, his 
friendship was at this time valuable to the Flemings. He died 8 August, 1658. 
See his life in D, N, B,^ and West's Aniiquities 0/ Fumcss, ed, 1805, p. 401. 

* Agnes Dudley : see n. 7, p. 4. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 15 

VL 

John Banckes to Daniel Fleming (218 b). 

^ yo^ may perceiue by the date of this that I had intended it 

longe beffore yo^ receiue the same as I pceive I receiued yo^* this day 

I haue done nothing in yo^ fathers busines but continued it as it was 

tin the laste weeke in next teanne And there is to be a refference to 

frends in the Contry by consent of Counsel! on both sids Sir I desire 

jo^ to excuse me for I haue bene soe pplexed I scarse did know what 

I did Mr Fell* is gone yesterday & yo^ Cousen Richard* I intend to 

goe on Munday I haue sent yo'' by this bearer lo" yo^ Ant Dudley' 

token I pray yo'* send yo' Ires by him And iflf there be anything 

wherein I may seme yo^ I euer am 

Yo» to serue yo'*. 

J.B. 

I pray present my most humble 
to all good Frends w^ yo«. 



March first 



For his deare and 
Lone3ring Mr Dany 
ell Fleming at 
bis Chamber at 
Queues Colledge 
in Oxforth theise 
hast. 

VII. 

John Banckes to Daniel Fleming (319)- 

MosTE honoured Sir 

I cannot omite any oppertinitie wherein I may tender my seruice 
and respects to yo^ haueing a ppeluall obligacon remayning Vpon 
me soe to doe Sir I got home here to Conyston the 8th of this 
Instant where praised be almightie god I found all in health I hope 
yo^ receiued myne by Peter Burnyeate * wherein yo^ may pceiue how 
all things are in yo' fathers bussines at London Yo' Cousen Elianor 
Sweetehart ^ was at Kirkby the last Munday from Holland and all is 

> See n. 3, p. 14. ' Richard Kirkby : see n. i, p. 9. 

• Agnes Dudley : see n. 7, p. 4. 

* Peter Buinyeat, carrier between Kendal and Oxford. 

' George Crowle, afterwards of Kingston upon Hull (see XV), married Elianor 



i6 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

agreed vpon yc^ Ant giues her*ioooi portion and soe the match 

is concluded he is a merchant in Holland, And I heare yc^ Cousen 

Agnes ^ is in the way too w^ one Mr Dickinson a Lancashire man 

who Sir Edward Wrightington * is Uncle to And it is expected that he 

must be Sir £dwards heire, Sir this day yo^ he Cousen Sands' at 

Estate * is to be buried who dyed yesterday Soe heare is newes of all 

sorts All Trends else are well, Yo^ father mother and yo^ Vncle Jo: * 

w^ yo' Cousen Mr Ambrose * remembers all theire kind loues to yo^ 

and soe doth all the seruants heare theire seruice And he who dayly is 

oblidged to be 

Yo' most faithfull seruant 

John Banckes. 

Cooyston March the 12^ (50). 

For his much 
honoured Mr Danyell 
Fleming at his 
Chambers in Quenes 
CoUedge in Oxford 
theise I pray 

hast. 

(Ellen) second daughter of Roger Kirkby, Alice Fleming's eldest brother. Crowle 
was Sheriff of Hall in 1657, and Mayor in 1661 and in 1679. In his 6rst Mayor- 
alty, along with Eleanor his wife, he founded God's House Hospital, or Crowle*s 
Hospital, in Sewer Lane, Hall, for a Master and twelve poor men. In the large 
room of the hospital hangs a £unily picture of Mr. and Mrs. Crowle, their son, 
and five daughters (Tickell's History of Hull, pp. 760 sqq.). 

^ Agnes, third daughter of Roger Kirkby, married Hugh Dicconson, of Wright- 
ington in Lancashire. 

' Sir Edward Wrightington was of Brasenose College, where he matriculated 
9 Feb., i593-4> aged 13, of co. Lancaster, aim. fil. He was admitted of Gray's 
Inn, 30 Jan., 1597-8, as son and heir-apparent of John Wrightington of Wright- 
ington, CO. Lane, esq., and was bencher, 1637 ; he was one of the council of York, 
M.P. for St. Mawes, 1 6a 1-2. 

* Samuel Sandys of Gray's Inn and of Esthwaite, baptized at Hawkshead 
13 July, 161 a, buried in Hawkshead Church, la March, 1650-1, married Dorothy, 
daughter of Gawen Braithwaite of Ambleside. She was buried in Hawkshead 
Church, 18 July, 1643. This Gawen Braithwaite was brother to Isabell, wife of 
Daniel Fleming, D. F.'s paternal grandfather. 

* Esthwaite Hall, on tlie banks of Esthwaite Water, between lakes Windermere 
and Coni$ton, in the parish of Hawkshead, the seat of the Sandys family, and 
reputed birthplace of Archbishop Sandys. It is now partly demolished, and its 
original plan untraceable. 

* John Kirkby, see above, note 5, p. 4. 

^ Probably William, who died before his father (for whom see note 3, p. 10), in 
May, 1666. There is a letter from Daniel Fleming to him written 3 June, 1660, 
.in die Rydal Papers (No. 384), 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 17 



VIIL 
William Fleming to Daniel Fleming (232). 

SoKN Daniell 

I receiued yo^ with the Books you sent by Bumeyeat ' : I am 
gkd to heare oS yo^ wellfare and no less to heare of yo' welldoeinge. 
Yo' Tutore * is pleasd by his letter to giue you a very flfaire Character : 
I hope itt is yo' meritte in some measure ; as well as his Good will and 
howeuer it may bee your ezhortacofi to be such as hee speaks you : 
Truely Sonn though the tjrmes goe very harde w^ mee ; and that my 
troubles dayly rather Encrease then otherwise yett so longe as you 
dcserue well in applyeinge yo^ selfe to yo^ studyes ; in obseruance to 
yo' Tutore : and in the constant Indeauoureinge yo^" owne Improuem^ 
and Good. I shall bee loath to see you want anythinge ffitt ffor you : 
but w*l* my uttmost powers assiste you in the pursuance of yo' ac- 
complishm^ to make you a Man; & indeed a Gentlman; in hopes 
you will bee noe less obedient to my desires ; and Good to all mine. 
I shall desire to heare often from you as occasione serues and you 
shall want noe supplyes I am able to afforde you upon advice & notice 
from you ; only y^ must bee a good husband ', and frugall ; as Ciuilitye 
& your Reputacofi will pmitt, Giueinge only yo^ Need, yo' Honor & 
yo^ frcind their due : for you cannot but well know & must so con- 
sider my great occasions : all for yo^ flfuture good : admiteinge nothinge 
to spare for Vanityes or Vnnecessaryes. Yo'^ mother & my selfe both 
giue you our blessinges yo^ brothers & sister * remember their loues : 
Wlien we haue a better opportunitye (for John " comes not upp this 
Terme) y" shall heare more from us ; as wee hope from you. I assure 
) o you are much in yo*" Uncle Johns • Books, if yo*" Epistles to him bee 
yo^ owne and I hope you will finde him a true freind to you so longe 
as you deserue well : I haue writt to yo^ Tutore & sent him 10* for 
you. Lett mee heare from you what & when y^ want. Apply yo^ 

' Sec note 4, p. 15. 

' Thomas Smith, for whom see note 5, p. 3. 

' i. e. economical. Murray, s.v., quotes from Robinson Crusoe^ ' I had been so 
good a husband of my rum, that I had a good deal left/ The verb is still used in 
this sense. 

* Roger, William, John, Alexander (see note 4, p. 13), and Isabel. Another 
John had died in infancy. 

' John, i. e. Banckes, see note i , p. 3. 

• i c. Kirkby, see note 5, p. 4. 



1 8 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

studdyes diligently for now is yo' Tyme to lay the Foundatione of all 
accomplishing hereafter : And God bless you I am 

Yo' Louinge father to his 
May the 4«» power 

^^* William Flemikge 

By Mr Mathew Richardson * of For 

Grays Inn these lett" w^h yo' M'^. Daniell Fleminge 

Tutores moneys is sent yo", att Queens Coll: in Oxford 

these hast. 



IX. 

Roger Fleming' to Daniel Fleming (222). 

O dulcior illo 
Melle quod in ceris Attica ponit apis. 

O thou who dost in sweetnes far excell 
That Juyce the attic Bee stores in her cell. 

Brother 

Ther is no seed so fruitfuU as that of love I doe not mean that 
grosse camall love, which propagats the world, but that which pre- 
serves it, to wit, seeds of friendship, which hath little commarce with 
the body but is a thing Divine and Spirituall. Ther cannot be a more 
pregnant proof hereof then those seeds of love, which I have long 

' Matthew Richardson, son and heir of Matthew, of Ravcnheads, co. Lancaster, 
entered Gray's Inn, la Feb., 1637-8. He was of Queen's College, entered Term. 
Pasch. 1632, and matriculated 9 Nov., 1632, aged 17, son of Matthew, of Raven- 
heads, sac. (i.e. priest). His father was also of Qoeen's (1598-9), also of co. 
Lancaster, as was a son, Thomas (1661), who matriculated as of Dorton (i.e. 
Dalton, close to which was Rownehead), co. Lancaster, a^id entered Gray*s Inn, 
1663, as son and heir of Matthew, of Rownehead. Rownhead, Roanhead, or 
Ronhead, is north-west of Dalton, on the Roman road running thence to the 
Duddon. 

• Roger was D. F.'s next brother. ITiis letter, except the postscripts, is largely 
made up of excerpts from the Epistolae HthElianae : Familiar Utters by James 
Hcweilf originally published in 1645 and often reprinted. The quotation from 
Ovid's Tristia (V. iv. 29, 30), and the poetical version, are from Howell, Book 1, 
5)ect. I, Letter xxx. W'hat follows is from the same Book, Sect IV, Letter ii, 
and the finale including the quatrain from Sect. I, Letter xiv. The spelling and 
punctuation are original, but the quotations are verijally exact. They were 
probably carelessly copied, as the unusual orthography is in some cases 
Howell's. Mr. C. £. Doble kindly referred me to Howell. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 19 

»nce cast into your Brest, which have therven so well and in that 
exuberance, that thej have bin more fruitful! unto me, then that field 
in Sicily, called letrecente cariche, the field of three hundred Loads, 
so called because it returns the Sower, three hundred for one year ' : 
So plentifuU hath your love bine unto me, but amongst other sweet. 
Ihuts it hath brone, those precious letters which you have sent me 
from time to time ; are not of the lest value ; I did always hugg and 
highly esteem=them, and y^ in them for they yeelded me both profit, 
and pleasure. Brother all heare is well god be praised and hath all 
their love remembered unto you ; I am very much mund unto y^ ; for 
I am not able to requit those many guifts wh<^ y^ have bene pleased 
to bestoe upon me since y^ went from us ; no more at this time but 
that I commend • y^ to the never failing providence of god ; desireing ' 
still between us that love, which for my part 

No trauerses of chance, of tim or fate ; 

Shall ere extinguish till our Lives last date, 
But as the Vine her lovely £lme doth wire* 

Crash* both our hearth', and flame with fresh desire 

Your brother to command while I am 

Roger Fleminge. 

from Coniston 

the 7th day « Pos : 

dom^T 16-1? Brother I sendy^ a smale token in remembrance 

of you and me 
that may 

Pos. 
Brother I disire y" to buy me a ceale whilh my name R. F. and 
trbith what els y^ think best and hear 1 send y^ 2^ and if it be not 
anoufe lay dune what y^ think good and I will send y^ it by the next 
oportunitie. I desire y" to send me it as sone as y^ cane. 

For his most kind and 
loveing brother Mr Daniel 
Fleminge at Oxford^ 
Queens coledg in Oxford 
these deliver I pray. 

* In Howell this word is * yearly.' ' In Howell 'recommend.' 
' Roger here omits * you to go on in nourishing/ ^ i. e. bind, as with wire. 

' In Howell * grash * is * grasp,* and ^ hearth ' is 'hearts.' 

* The words in italics have a line drawn through them. 

c a 



20 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

X. 

Matthew Richardson' to Daniel Fleming {226). 

Mr Fleeminge 
I have payd 10^ to Mr Heruey accordinge to y^ father's ap- 
pointing to be p<l to y^ at Oxofi by one Mr Harrison " for w«^ I haue 
sent yu inclosed a bill of exchange vpon him from Mr Heruey. I 
desire y^ to satisfy y' father in y' next Ire of the receipt of these 

moneys from 

Y' frend & seruant 

Math. Richardson. 

: Gny's Inne itf<^ 
Maij 1 65 1. 

S' I pray deliu' this inclosed ft 
p^sent my respects to Mr Smith ' 

To my very much esteemed frend 
Mr Danyell Fleeminge Student 
in Queenes CoUedge 

Oxeii. 



XI. 

William Fleming to Daniel Fleming (224). 

Deare Sonne 

My loue & best respects to yo^ vi^ my blessinge and dayly 
prayers for yo' health and prosperyty in all yo^ good Indeauors 
yesterday the 29*^ of this instant I receiued yo'^ Ires wherein I am 
glad to heare off yo^ health. And as for yo' other desires yo^ Vnckle 
John Kirkby Ire will giue yo'* satisfaction both of yo' desire & my 
w^illingnesse for yo^ best accomplishments and' likewisse good Instruc- 
tions, yo^ mother hath sent yo'* three shirts and a towell, they are not 
soe good as she would wish but the are as good as she could afford 
to get at present. I desire to heare as often from yo« as w^^ conveni- 
encie yo^ can thus w*^ yo^ mother blessinge and myne w*^ ou'^ dayly 
prayers for yo' health and happines I rest 

Yo^^ euer loueing Father 

William Fleminge. 

Conyston this 
30th Maije (51). 

* See n. i, p. 18. 

' Thomas Harryson, draper, was one of the bailiffs of Oxford, la 1663, ^^^ 
Robert Harrison, draper, was one of the bailiffs In 1680, and Mayor in 168S. 
(See Clark's Wood's City of Oxford.) ' See n. 5, p. 3. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 21 

XII. 

George Thompson to Daniel Fleming (225). 

Worthy S' my best respect & service attend yo^ with hopes of your 
good health and hapines Meeting with this gentleman I made bould 
to present my service to you, with hopes of your acceptance ; I am 
right glad to heere that you are soe great a student, as I am informed 
joa are I wish yo^ may attaine the end of your desires for newes 
beer 's not any at present neither is it Convenient for me to be 
tampering with it being very narrowly reported at present. I should 
be glad to receive one lyne from yo'* to knowe how you doe & when 
yo" intend to vissit yo^ freinds in yo^ owne Country soe with my most 
humble service to yo« I rest yo" to his power 

George Thompson. 

Jimesth 
1651. 

To my most esteemed 
Freind Mr Daniell 
Fleming at Queens 
Collidge in Oxford these 
with my service 
present. 



XIII. 

Roger* Fleming to Daniel Fleming (227). 

Dear and louing brother 

I haue not receueyed a syllble from y« since John Bankes cam 
from London ; which transfroms me to wonder, and engenders odd 
thoughts of jealousie in me ; that as my body grows fatter, your loue 
grows linner towards me. Brother we are all well god be praised : 
and my cosen Alianor Kirkby ^ is now upon a pont for marriges betwene 
her and a Margent in Holend, for he did com the last week in Kirkby 
10 agrie with my ant a but his porson and other things as we supose : 
brother I desire y« to send me word about the thing that I did writ 
onto y^ by the last letter *. John Bankes cam Hom the last Sounday ; 
he is wery well god be praised : my brothers and sister * is very well 

' Roger, sec n. 2, p. 18. * See n. 5, p. 15. 

= See IX. * See n. 4, p. 17, 



22 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

god be paised and hath their love and servise remembered unto y® and 

all our servants all soe and the tender of love and service to yor self 

Soe my dear brother I pray god blesse us both and bring us againe 

joufully together 

Your brother to serve y^ whille I am 

Roger Fellminge. 

from Coniston the 
11^ day of August 
Anno do: (i6H) 

For 
his most loving and kind 
brother M*' Daniell 
Fleminge at Queenes 
CoUedge in Oxford 
thes. 

XIV. 

John Banxkes to Daniel Fleming (230). 

Sir 

my best respects wayte on yo'* wth many thankes for yo'^ respects 
yo" I receiued wherein I am glad to heare of yo^ health it is the 
first I receiued from yo^ this halfe yeare tho I have writt seuerall to 
you ^'ch made me doubtefull that in some sort I had displeased yo'^ 
^ych I would be very loath unlesse it be for want of knowledge w^** I 
hoope yo' goodnesse and discrassion vpon appearrance off the truth 
I hoope will excuse Sir to render yo'* an account of yo'^ fathers bussines 
I am not able for all proceedings in theise tymes goes contrary 
expectacon for now it is not knowne what will be done concerning 
Rydale for the appeale will not be brought to any pfectidn and now the 
presse is to be brought upon the sale, but yet we hoope to preuent them 
And to get it reported in the house w^ some other estats in the like 
condicon but noe certaintie as yet \\^^ way, heere is new troubles still 
for the haue now assessed yo^ father 50* for his Twentith and fifth 
pte of his reall and psonall estate ^ And that yo^ father must appeare 

' Mr. C. H. Firth has kindly explained this. The Committee for Advance 
of Money, whose Proceedings have been calendared in three volumes by Mrs. 
Everett Green, and who are to be distinguished from the Committee for Com- 
pounding with Delinquents, 'levied a forced loan, the amount of which was 
assessed at one-twentieth of the real and one-fifth of the personal estate of all 
persons who had not voluntarily contributed to the support of the Parliament in 
the War. In 1648 Parliament ordered (5 June) that these sums should not be 
levied excepting on those Delinquents who were within the Ordinance of Seques- 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 23 

^ Haberdashers hale^ the 16^^ of this instant to giue satisfaction 
therein but wee hoope other wisse to cleare it And now the Com- 
missioners in Cumberland are busy vpon the reveiwes of those gent" 
cstats alreadye compounded of w«l* yo^ father is one that the are 
busy w^ all but as yet wee doe not know how to preuent them but 
wee hoope shall doe in tjrme^ 

Yo^ Cousen Elinor I meane yo' Cousen Crawley ' and her husband 
is come in to England and Landed & Hue at Hull. All frends in 
Generall in euery place is well, Addan Walker was maryed yesterday 
for a new yeares gift Sir as sone as I can I shall render yo^ a better 
account of all proceedings in the Intrem I make bould to wryt my 
self 

Cooistcn Januaiy 2*1* 1651 Sir 

Yo' most oblidged seruant John Banckes. 

Sir yo' mother rembers her loue to yo^ w^ her prayers for yo" and 
desires yo** to be ciuill • And likewisse to giue yo" notice that \{^^ 
yo<i desired to be done heare in the contry shall be accomplished in 
convenient tyme. Sir by the carrier or by the first opportunitie yo" 
will heare from yo'^ father and rec^« yo' quarters allowance. 



XV. 

John Kirkby to Daniel Fleming (230). 

Worthy Cosine * 

With many thanks for yo^ last ; & the Returne of my Respects 
to yoT Selfe I desire also my Humblest may bee p^'sented my 

tration (see Preface to Cal. of Comm. for Advance of Money y p. xi). Under this 
r^olation William Fleming was assessed at £50 on or before 13 Aug. 165 1. 
But on 17 or 18 March, 1652, in consequence of the general Act of Pardon, he 
was discharged from the fine in question. {Cal. of Comm. for Advance of Money ^ 
pp. 1370, I.)' 

^ Haberdashers* Hall, in Maiden lane, near Goldsmith's Hall (or according to 
Mis. Everett Green, CaU of Cofnm, for Advance of Money ^ p. xi, in Gresham 
Street), was the place of meeting of the Committee for the Advance of Money, 
which was thence called Haberdashers* Hall Committee. The powers of this 
Committee were transferred in June, 1650, to the Committee for Compounding. 
{Cal. Comm. Comp.^ pt. I, p. xiii.) 

* For Eleanor Crowle, the person here referred to, sec n. 5, p. 15. 

' Cioill, L e. orderly, defined by R. C. in 1 61 3, Table Alph., ed. 3, as * honest 
in conversation or gentle in behaviour,* Murray's Engl. Diet. s. v. 

* See n. i, p. 12. This letter is written at the end of XIV on the same sheet of 



24 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

Honored good Lady Fletcher & all that noble Familye. as also to 
yoJf Tulo^ * : The vncertaintye of this Conueyance makes mee thus 
salute yo^ : w<^ I shall bee most ambitious hereafter to doe rather in 
Person then Paper. And for the Promised retume of yo^ satisfa63ll to 
my desires. Sat Cito, si sat Ben^ : Sempq, me habebis, Tui aman- 
tissimQ Indulgentissimumq: Jo: Kirkbye. 



XVI. 

Rev. Thomas Smith'* to Daniel Fleming (233). 

Mr Flemming 
I have not seen John Bankes though I was at Penrith y® last 
Tuesday: but Rob: Carr haveing occasion to stay longer in towne 
then I did, mett with him, & receiued the monies & yo^ letter of him. 
I haue distributed yd' services amongst yo^ freinds here, in yo' owne 
expressions, & they were kindly accepted of. S' George desires and 
hopes to see you here before you returne for y© South • : and I (if I had 
any authority yet remaining ouer you) would enioine you to do it : 
whereof if you faile, I shall acquaint yo' new Tutor * with it, & desire 
him to chide you. I pray present my very humble service to your 
Father and mother & your Uncle Mr Kirby: I am very sorry my 
occasions haue hitherto hinderd mee from waiting on them : but ere 

paper. It gives internal evidence of being written while D. F. was in Oxford and 
in communication with Lady Fletcher and her family, apparently between the visit 
to Bath and the setting of the party northward (p. 4). This agrees with the date 
of XIII. 

* See n. 5, p. 3. 

' See note 5, p. 3. Smith seems now to have left Oxford, and to have been 
acting as chaplain to Lady Fletcher, whom he afterwards married. He vacated 
his fellowship, owing it would seem to his marriage, towards the end of 1656, 
and Timothy Halton, afterwards Provost, was elected in his place in February, 
1656-7. This letter is sealed with an eagle displayed, probably the badge of 
Queen's College, Oxford. Smith*s own arms as Bishop were, or, a chevron between 
three crosses pattee fitchy sable. 

' It appears from p. 5 that he did go to Hutton before he went South. He 
only returned to Oxford to resume his Caution Money; so his new Tutor at 
Queen*s did not have much to do with him. 

* George Phillip, one of the fellows ' intrusi tempore usurpationis, exclust ad 
Restaurationem,' succeeded Smith as ' magister puerorum ' in 165 a. His accession 
may have contributed to Smith's departure from Oxford, and to the shortening 
of D. F.'s stay there. The College seems to have flourished under the new 
regime. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 25 

Song (I hope) I AaSk hane an oppcvtmiity for it In j« interim, and 
eaer, I shaD remaiiie tbeirs and 

HiiiaB,Oct)ob:26» W most faithfaD fireind 

165a. & servant 

To mj mnch esteemed freind Tho: Smith. 

Mr Danid Flemming 



with speed. 



at hb Fathers House at 
Gem jston in Fames, 



xvn. 

WiLUAX Fleiuxg^ to John Bakees (236). 

JoHx Bakkis 

Upon Munndaj last I receaaed a letter from Mr Wharton ' as 
alsoe a Copi^e of a peticon wch hee hath p^erred and already passed 
the same Comittee, and hee likewise writes that their was then an order 
granted, bat not signed against the cuttinge downe and spoyleinge of 
the woodes, wch hee would send downe by the next post, wch if 
already sent away then soe, if not then hasten it w^ all possible speed 
for that daylie greate spoyle is done in the woddes. 

I (fid likewise receaue a letter from my Brother John Kirkby by 
Mr ffelles ' man \-pon their comeinge home, wherein hee writes that 
hee was w^h Mr flfell at his lodgeinge, where they had a longe discourse 
aboute my busines, and hee founde him to bee of ver)* good hope that 
Ridall would yet be kept from sale, and that in respect my Cosen 
Wilbn ffleminge * died in his minority, before hee could cutt of the 
Intaile by flfyne ; And their result upon the same was that witnesses 

* Only the signature and the last paragraph are in William Fleming's hand- 
vriting. The letter is sealed in black wax with the Fleming crest, a serpent 
nowed. 

* Thomas Wharton, son of Humphrey, of Warcop, Westmoreland, gent., was 
ar.roitted to Gray*s Inn, 4 Feb., 1647-8. He is often mentioned in the Calendar 
«/ the Committee for Compounding ^ as taking part in the purchase of estates from 
ihe Treason Committee. He seems to have been much employed, probably as 
agent for others, in those transactions. On all the subject of this letter, see 
Appendix A. The Warcop branch of the Wharton family, is the only branch on 
whose history £. R. Wharton has been unable to throw much light. They were 
descended from Thomas, second son of the second Lord Wharton {The Wharton s 
tf lykartoHy pp. 59 foil.). 

' Sec n- 3. P- ^4« * See n. 3, p. 6. 



26 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

must bee p^sently enquired out to proue punctually the tyme of his 
birth w^in a weeke, or a month, & that very priuatly for feare of our 
adversaries \ p'ventinge, or hinderinge our Designe ; I haue one or tuo 
that can plainely declare, and sett forth the tyme of his birth ^ I would 
haue you p'sently upon the comeinge of this my letter to yo' handes 
to goe to her that was Dolly Benson (if shee bee liveinge) and enquire 
of her what shee can say to the tyme of his birth, and that yn^^ 
a greate deale of Caution that our adversaries haue noe knowledge 
thereof. 

If our busines pceed on in this way enquire out (priuately) the tyme 
of my Cosen his death, and informe yo^ selfe certainely what witnes 
will seme to j)ue his birth, and the tyme when they must bee there for 
^ueinge the same and upon notice from you I shall p^pare him or 
them for the iurney upp accordingly. 

My sister Kirkby ' is nowe w*!^ mee at Cuniston who desireth you 
p^sently upon the receipt hereof, to enquire out my younge cosen 
Braithw* of Burniside *, who shee is informed (by letters from his wife) 
is nowe in Towne. Shee saith shee acquainted you yi^ her busines 
upon yo^ goeinge upp, if yo^ can learne certainely that hee will 
purchase in his owne name, then you may say lesse to the busines, 
but if in the name of any other, then yo" must tell him plainely if the 
moneyes w^ the arreares bee not paide before the latter ende of Maij, 
and good securety giuen before any shall offer purchase the same for 
the paym* of the same accordingly, shee will call for the same by lawe 
and that in the stricktest manner that may bee, shee desireth an accoimt 
from you what wilbee done herein w*** all possible speede. 

I haue not as yet been w^h M' ffell but upon the receipt of yo' 
letter, w*'*^ I expect the next Saterday (as alsoe y« order for y« wodde) 
I will goe to him, and advise of all thinges and what hee shall direct 
I shall giue you notice of. Remeber my loue to Mr Wharton, and 

' Among our adversaries was certainly Sir Jordan Crosland (n. lo, p. lo); 
and probably also Agnes Fleming, who afterwards became wife of George Colling- 
wood (n. 9, p. lo). See Appendix A. 

' William Fleming, son of John, died unmarried and under age, I3 May, 1649. 

* Jane, daughter of Edward Rigby, of Burgh, married to Roger Kirkby, brother 
of Alice, William Fleming's wife. 

^ Thomas Brathwaite, afterwards knighted, was son of Richard, of Bumishead, 
near Kendal. His grandmother was Dorothy Bindlofs, sister of Agnes, William 
Fleming's grandmother. His wife was Ursula, daughter of Sir Jordan Mettam or 
Metham, of Metham, co. York, who was knighted by Charles I at York in 1643. 
It appears from the accounts given of the Brathu^aites in Bums and Nicolson 
(i. 127) that the family was not very well off. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 27 

wish bim to ioyne vi^ you in the furtherance of my busines wherein 
I doe not doubt of either of yo' cares. And soe tellinge yew that 
wee are all very well onely Tibb* is trouble w^ a fitt of an ague I rest 

Yo' loweinge maister 

WiLUAM FFL&1UNGE 

My ould Lady Lowther * desires that you would speake to her sonne 
Lamplough that if Mr Wyberre ' estate aboute S^ Bees bee to bee 
souldy that hee should make Claime for her grandchild Lowther. fot 
the tithes of Cpuderton^ who she conceaues hath the best right 
thervnto, and to haue an especiall care aboute the same as her trust 
is in him. 

My blessinge to my sonne and let him knowe as longe as he 

applyes his study and continues soe towerdly his wants upon notice 

while I liue god willinge shall be supplyed whilst I am William 

ffleminge. 

ffor his servant John 

Bankes London this 

Deliuer this letter to Mr Thomas 

Wharton at his Chamber 

in Grayes Inn. 

^ Tib, originally perhaps a shortened form of Isabella, seems to have been de^ 
Hfiided to a nickname. The person referred to is probably Banckes* wife, for whom 
he makes a purchase i Jan. 1652-3 (see XIX, p. 31), and for whom D. F. bays 
a yard of cloth 24 Aug. 1653 (see XXVII). The last passage gives her name as 
£lz: (i e. Elizabeth) Banckes. 

" Eleanor, daughter of William Fleming, the writer's grandfather, was married 
to Sir John Lowther, Kt., M.P. for Westmorland, who died 15 Sept., 1637. His 
second son, Christopher, was created a Baronet by Charles I, 11 Jane, 1642, 
married Frances, daughter and heir of Christopher Lancaster, of Stockbridge, and 
had by her a son John, who succeeded him in the baronetcy, who is here called 
*her grandchild Lowther,' and is in the Fleming papers called indifferently Sir 
John Lowther, of Stockbridge, or of Whitehaven, to distinguish him from his 
uncle, old Lady Lowther*s eldest son. Sir John Lowther, of Lowther. Sir Chris- 
topher's widow was married to John Lamplugh, of Lamplugh, Esq., as her second 
husband. He seems to be the person here referred to as old Lady Lowther's son 
Lamplugh. 

* Thomas Wybergh, of Clifton and St. Bees, succeeded to the estates on the 
death of his father, 22 Feb., 1647. The Wyberghs obtained the manor, rectory, 
and cell of St Bees from the Chaloners, to whom they had been granted by 
Edward VI in 1553. (K. S. Ferguson's note in Sandford's Cumberland, p. 10.) 
As the result, it would seem, of these negotiations, the Wyberghs mortgaged 
St. Bees to the Lowthers, who foreclosed in 1663, and the estate now belongs to 
the Earl of Lonsdale. 

* Coulderton is a hamlet in the township of Lowside, in the parish of St. Bees, 
two and a quarter miles south-west by west of Egremont. 



28 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



XVIII. 

Daniel Fleming to Sir George Fletcher^ (^SS)- 

Right honoured S^ 

I have in part, though neither (perhaps) according to your well- 
likeing nor (I am sure) to mine owne wishing, fulfil'd my promis in 
procureing you a Cassandra*, the w^ (with other two bookes) I have 
sent you downe by this bearer; but truely, with much regret that 
I could not gett you one more answerable to your expectation. S', if 
this bee according to your mind, I desire you imploy me againe, that 
I may know, that I have hitt the naile on the head ; If not, yet I 
beseech you command me once more to serve you, that I may (in 
part) make you a requitall (I now resideing here) for this my first 
fault. I have beene lately at Oxoli, where all your freinds are very 
well, and who have not (as yet) passed an Act of Oblivion concerning 
you. I have procured a letter for M" Barbara ' from my God-mother *, 
the well I desire you presently present her; and I have (but with 
much adoe) gott you one from Dr Kit ^ the which with his owne, and 

' Seen, i, p. 5. 

' Cassandra, the famM Romance, written originally in French, and now elegantly 
rendered into English by an Honorable Person. London. Printed for Hnmphrey 
Moaele, and are to be sold at his shop at the Prince's Arme in St. Panl's Chnrch* 
yard, 165 a (Svo. In Bodleian). The author was Ganthier de Costes, Seigneur 
de la Calpienede, the translator Sir Charles Cotterell, master of the ceremonies, 
whom see in D.N.B. s.v. The original appeared at Paris in 164a. The trans- 
lation was reprinted in 4to, 1667; in folio, 1676; and in lamo, 5 volumes, 1725. 
There was a dedication to the 4to edition to Charles II, from the Hague, June 5, 
1655. Pepys bought it for his wife 16 Nov., 1668, and she read it to him 5 May, 
1669, and he found it 'very good indeed.* 

' Seen, i, p. 4. 

* See Additional Notes. 

* Dr. may be a nickname or for Ds., Dominus, the proper designation of a 
B.A. The person referred to is probably Christopher Musgrave, who entered 
Queen's College Ter. Nat. 1647-8, but did not matriculate till 10 July, 1 651, the 
day he proceeded H.A. He was second son of Sir Philip Musgrave, second 
baronet of Hartley, co. Westmorland, and succeeded Sir Richard, his elder brother 
in the baronetcy, Dec, 1687, having been knighted in 167 1. He did not enter 
Grajr's Inn till 1654, so may have stayed some time at Oxford after taking his 
degree. PI is younger brother Thomas was Fellow of Queen's and afterwards 
Dean of Carlisle. There are many letters from Christopher in the Rydal papers. 
He was M.P. for different constituencies from 1671 till his death in 1704, including 
the University of Oxford, for which he was Burgess fix>m 1698 to 1700. His life 
is in the Diet, of Nat, Biog. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 29 

his Tutors* Joaks is sufficiently fil'd. I was th' other day at your 
grandfathers *, where they were all very well. I desire you present my 
humblest service unto your good Lady Mother •, your vertuous three 
sisters * M" Barbara, M» Francis, & M» Bridgett, desireing onely fitt 
opportunities to serve y™. And if you desire anything here, which is 
possible for me to procure you, I pray, onely command mee, and you 
shall quickly discover, how ready to obey you will bee 

ST 

Your most humble 

From the Prince's Annes Servant 

in FnllerVrents * Tan: * _. _ 

the 14. A.D. 16H. Daniel Fleming 

Theis 
For the right honoured 
S^ George Fletcher Bar- 
ronet at Hutton 
in the Forrest • 
present 

Cumberland. 

' Perhapf George Phillip, for whom see n. 4, p. 24. 

* Sir George Dalston, of Dalston. He had been sheriff of Cumberland in 1619, 
and M.P. for Cumberland in 1641, so mast now have been of a considerable age. 
His fmiCTal sermon was preached by bishop Jeremy Taylor, a8 Sept., 1657. "^^^ 
sermoD was printed separately at the time. There is a copy in the Bibliotheca 
Jacksooiana at Tnllie House, Carlisle. It was afterwards added to the 1674 
edition of The Worthy Communicant^ on the title-page of which it is described 
as A Sermon never printed in the Folio Volnme of Sermons. It is in the sixth 
volume of bishop Heber*s edition of Taylor's works. The sermon ends with a 
sketch of Sir George Dalston, full of appreciations, but giving little information 
beyond that he was born in Cumberland and educated at Cambridge. Sir George's 
son William had been created a Baronet, 15 Feb., 1640-1, and lived generally 
at Heath Hall in Yorkshire. There is a view of Dalston Hall and of some 
antiquities there in Gentleman's Magazine y Ix. 1069. Soe. however, especially 
Mr. C. J. Ferguson's article in Transactions of Cumbd. and Westmd. Antiq. and 
Archaeol So€,y vol. ii. p. 165. 

' See notes i, 2, p. 4. 

* For Barbara, who married D. F., see note i, p. 4. For Bridget, see n. 9, 
p. 4. Frances seems to have died unmarried. 

• Fuller's or Fulwood's Rents is a narrow paved court in Hoi bom, nearly oppo- 
site the end of Chancery Lane. It leads into Gray's Inn Walks, Gray's Inn Gardens. 
Strype, in 1720, describes it thus : — * Fulwood's Rents, opposite to Chancery Lane, 
nmneth up to Gray's Inn, into which it hath an entrance, through the gate ; 
a place of a good resort, and taken up by coffee-houses, ale-houses, and houses of 
entertainment, by reason of its vicinity to Gray's Inn.' See more in Walter 
Thorn bury 's Old and New London^ 4to, vol. i. p. 536. I owe this reference to 
Mr. Thnrland of the Bodleian Library. 

• Sec n. 2, p. 5. 



30 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



XIX. 

Accounts of John Bankes 1652-3 (243), 

December the i8*^ 1652. 

1 s d 
Redl of my M' when his sonne and I went fForward 

towards london ^ 40 : 00 : 00 

December the 31*^ rec^ ffor my younge M» horse in 

London 04 : 10 : 00 



disbursed 
on the 19 to the seruants at Kirkby 
the 20 at Lowicke 
and fifor fifrosting ' the horses 
At night at Lancast' o^ selus 
and ffor ou' horses • 
the 2 1 at Preston in expences 
the 24 giuen in the house at exton 
the 25 at Warrington ffor ou' selus 
And ffor ou' horses . 
And at Newcastle in expences . 
the 26 : and 27 : at darlston being ffor ou' selues 
And ffor ow^ horses . 

^ These accounts are on two long strips of paper now joined together. They 
are folded within D. F.'s own accounts, extracts from which are given below 
XXIV and XXVII. The route followed by John Bankes and his yoang master 
took them from Coniston, D. F.'s home, to Kirkby Ireleth, where he stayed with 
his mother's family, the Kirkbys, to Lowick, where he stayed with the Ambroses, 
who were also cousins (see n. 3, p. 10), thence to Lancaster, where they joined 
the main road from London to Carlisle; and so on, 21 miles, to Preston, thence 
seven miles farther to £Qxton, the home of the Andertons (see n. 4, p. a), where 
they stayed three days, and so on, 25 miles, to Warrington, thence to Newcastle- 
under-Lyme (32 miles), and on to Darlaston (6 miles), where, at the bridge 
over the Trent, the Carlisle road joins the great road from London to Holyhead. 
Along this road they rode by Lichfield (23 miles) to Coventry (27 miles), and so 
by Stony Stratford (39 miles), Mimms (36 miles), and Highgate (10 miles), to 
London. 

' Pepys, in his diary 26 Nov., 1665, says he 'with much ado set out, after my 
horses being frosted (which I know not wluit it means to this day).* Mr. Wbeatley 
interprets it of <havmg the horses' shoes turned np {query, down) by the smith,* 
but roughing, or using naib with pointed heads^ or any other device would be 
equally firosting, if it prevented the horses from slipping on the ioe. 







44 : 10 : 00 






1 8 (1 






00 ; 01 : 00 


• 




00 : 00 : 06 






00 : 00 : 04 






00 : 02 : 04 






00 : 02 : 06 






00 : 00 : 06 






00 : 01 : 06 






00 : 03 : 05 






00 : 04 : 04^ 






00 : 00 : 06 


• ou'^ selues 




00 : 06 : 09 


• • * 




00 : 05 : 08 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



3t 



At Letchffeild in ezpences . 

the 38 at Couentry fifor oui* selues 

And ffor our horses . 

the 39 at Stony Stratfford ou' selues 

And ou' horses .... 

And fifor shooeing 

the 30 at mims fifor ou' selues . 

And ffor ou^ horses . 

at hye gate in expences 



1 

00 
00 
00 
00 



00 



London Dec. 30*^. 

To M' Wharton Brother * fifor a Copie of yo' petico6 

bestowed in Mdne . • , , 

to the barbare for my M' . 

the 31*** for o' diners wth M' Wharton 

DK^e in expences the same day 

Jan: the i^ fifor ou' diners 

in expences 

ffor my M' shooes 

ffortybs' .... 

fifor a quire of pap 

To Mr Penington * fifor a flfee in the case 

To Mr Laton ' fifor a fifee in the case . 

Payd to yo^ Brother Hudleston " 



Sec n. a, p. 25. Mr. E. R. Wharton (Wharton MSJS 



S 
00 

04 
03 
03 



00 : 03 



00 : 00 
00 : 03 



03 



00 : 00 



Sum is 02 : 08 



00 : 
00 : 
00 : 
00 : 
00 : 
00 : 
00 : 
00 : 
00 : 



02 
02 
01 
06 
01 



00 : 
oi : 

01 : 
01 : 



04 
00 

00 

00 

00 

00 



d 

06 

00 

04 
08 

06 

06 

03 
00 

03 



04 



00 
op 
00 
00 
00 



02 ; 00 
01 : 03 



00 
08 
04 
00 
00 
00 



8. 67, Bodl.) found in 



the Registers of Warcop a William Wharton, son of Humphrey, baptized 
14 Jmie, 1634, who may conceivably be the writer of XX, though it was more 
probably written by Mr. Wharton, i.e. Thomas, himself. William might, how- 
CTcr, easily be the person here referred to. 

* See Appendix A. 

* See n. 1, p. 27. 

* There were at thi<i time two barristers of Gray's Inn of the name of Penninjr- 
toa, both named Richard, the one third son of William, of Muncaster, Ksc]., 
who entered 11 Feb., 1645-6; the other belonging to an offshoot of the same 
family described as third son of William, of Seaton, Esq., who entered 24 May, 
1648. The Seaton branch were connected with the Muncaster family throuf>h 
Mary, daughter of Thomas, of Muncaster, who married William, of Seaton, prob- 
ably the latter Richard's grandfather. The former is probably tlie one here 
mentioned. 

^ Perhaps Henry Layton, son and heir of Francis, of Rawdon, co. York, Esq., 
who entered Gray's Inn, 21 Jan., 1645-6. 

* Andrew Hudleston, who was married to Dorothy, sister of the Willianv 



32 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



Jan. the 2*** ffor our diners 

And in beare ^ . 

Jan the 3^ ffor my diner 

and in expences 

the 4**^ ffor my diner . 

And in expences 

ffor a diumell ' . 

ffor the tre sent by the poste 

the 5*^ ffor a diner w^ M^^ Wh 

to M' Hooper • ffor swereing my affideuit 

And giuen to him ffor exspedcdii 

ffor a Coach ffor M' Penington to woster house ^ 

ffor a supp w*J» him 

the 6*^ ffor the order into Lanc^ to the Comission" 

a Copie off the petticon left w**» M^^ Wharton 
ffor my diner w'*^» M' Wharton . 
in expences .... 
the 7*^ ffor my diner . 
in expences .... 
the 8 ffor my diner . 
the ninth ffor my M" diner & myn 
paid in expences 
the 10*^* ffor ou^ diners 
in expences .... 
the 11**1 ffor ou' diners 



1 s 
00 : 02 
00 : 00 
00 : 01 



00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 



CO 

01 
00 
00 
00 
02 
01 
02 
01 

03 



and 



00 : 01 
00 : 00 
00 : 00 
00 : 00 
00 : 00 
00 : 02 
00 : 00 
00 : 00 
00 : 01 
00 : 01 



d 

00 

06 

00 

06 

00 

04 
02 

01 

00 

00 

06 

00 

00 



00 : 10 : 00 



06 
06 
10 
06 
09 
00 
06 
09 
06 
06 



Fleming, D. F.'s father, to whom this account is rendered. He is twice char- 
acterized in the Calendar of the Committee for Compounding as a Recusant, and 
once as a Papbt in arms. 

* i. e. beer. 

' The Diumell or Journal referred to is probably the current number of The 
perfect, diumafl of some passages and proceedings of and in relaiion to the armies 
in England^ Ireland, and Scotland, which was at this time published each Monday, 
16 pages, in 4to. January 4 was in 1652-5 a Tuesday. 

' See Additional Notes. 

* Worcester House was in the Strand, between Durham Place and the Savoy, 
where Beaufort Buildings now are. It had been the residence of John Tiptoft, 
the great Earl of Worcester, and Lord High Treasurer of England. In 161 5 
Mathewe Paris, Girdler, bequeathed it to his mother, Katherine Paris. (R. R. 
Sharpe, Calendar of Wills proved in the Court of Hustings London, Part 2, 
P* 737O ^^ the Calendar of the Committee for Compounding, p. 119, there is 
a report on it made to the Committee, describing its situation, and stating that it 
has sixty rooms. A number of Parliamentary Committees seem from the same 
Calendar to hate held their meetings there. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 33 

1 s d 

ptid in expences 00 : 01 : 00 

the 12 flfor ou^ diners w^ M' Wharton and his Brother 

& others 00 : 04 : 00 

paid in expences 00 : 00 : 10 

the 13 ffor ou' diners 00 : 02 : 00 

paid in expences fifor one pint off sac ^ . . 00 : 01 : 00 

ffor beare and ffagots in ou' lodginge all the tyme we 

were in towne 00 : 06 : 00 

fha the horses in London 00 : 14 : 06 

And ffor his shoes • . . 00 : 02 : 00 

ffor washinge 00 : 01 : 06 

to Mr Wharton w<^ he had disb. ' • .02:12:00 

fkx a docke ' for my Croper 00 : 00 : 02 

for stuffe for my M's gowne and peticoat . . 03 : 10 : 00 

And ffor the siluer lace 01 : 09 : 03 

flfor garden seeds 00 : 04 : 00 

ddinered to yo' sonn danyell 26 : 00 : 00 

flbr my jomey downe 01 : 05 : 00 

to M' John Kirkby 00 : 02 : 06 

the sum is : 44 : 16 : 05 

soe there is due to me : 00 : 06 : 05* 

XX. 

Thomas Wharton' to William Flxming (234). 

I hope yo' seni* is retumd' by this t3mae vnto y^ w**» a Comission 
to examine witnesses in yo^ busines wee haue rec* two Certificates 
the one viz* from Lan. very full for y^ the other from Yorke very 
imptinent obnoxious but if Westm'land and Cumb'land doe Certifie 
luDy for y^ as Lan. hath done we shall not much feare that of Yorke- 

^ Sac from French sec^ dry, a general name for white wine. According to 
Johnson it came from the Canaries, and in spite of its name he calls it a sweet wine. 

' L e. disbursed. 

' The dock is the loop of the crupper through which the horse's tail goes. 

* Bankes' arithmetic seems doubly at fault. The sum here should have been 
44 : 19 : 9, or, as the sum on p. 31 should have been 02 : 11 : 04, 45 : 02 : 9, so there 
vas really due to him 00 : 12 : 09. 

' It appears from internal evidence that Thomas Wharton is the name of the 
writer of this letter. The initial preceding Wharton in the signature might stand 
for anj letter. For more about him see above, n. 2, p. 251 and n. i, p. 31. 

D 



34 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

shire ^ I pray be punctiall in y« proofes as to the deathes of John and 
W™ ' to the Age of W™ and to the Lands y* did descend to John as 
alsoe of his inoffensiuenes & innocency towards the Parliam^ for we 
may haue occasion phaps to make vse of those proofes hereafter yo' 
Son tooke a copie from me of y« Certificate from Yorke & for y* of 
Lancashire we conceiued y^ wold be fully informd thereof by 
Mr Kirkby * and it being Long we did forbeare to Copie it out at pnit 
S' I pray haisten y« execucli of y« Co : and by all meanes take y 
Ingagem^^ afore the i of Feb. 1652. least y« come w*^in the lapse 
mentend in y« Act of Pardon S^ I beleiue if your Adversaryes • doe 
oppose y" they will Leaue noe stone vntumed y* may annoye y** 

^ The CommissionexB in each of the counties where William Fleming's property 
lay had to certify as to the matters which needed investigation on the spot The 
Lancashire Commissioners had to do this for Coniston, the Cumberland ones for 
Beckermet, Monkhall, and Skirwith, and the Westmorland ones for RydaL The 
Yorkshire property seems to have been the Rectory of Sherbum, ca York, which 
John Fleming, the father of the William who died in 1649, purchased for £1,500 
OQt of the profits of an estate conveyed to J6hn Fleming and others, as trustees 
for Francis Bindloss of Wherwell, Hants, second son of Sir Francis Bindloss, 
Bart., and grandson of Sir Robert Bindloss, who was maternal ancle of the said 
John Fleming. See Appendix A. 

' These are the last males of the elder Fleming line, on fjedlare of which D. F.*s 
father became head of the family. John died 37 Feb., 1642-3, and his son 
William 1 3 May, 1649. "^he latter was only fourteen at his father's death, and 
died of the smallpox before he was twenty-one. By his death his sisters* portions 
became augmented to io,oooli- each, but the family estate went to William, 
D. F.'s father. Young as the William was who died in 1649, he had appeared in 
arms on the king's side. (Bums and Ntcolson, i. 162, 164.) 

' i. e. John Kirkby, his brother-in-law, for whom see n. 5, p. 4. 

* *On October 11 (1649) ... the House (of Commons) resolved that every 
member . . . should sign the engagement which had been taken by most of the 
members of the Council of State : '' I do declare and promise that I will be true 
and faithful to the Commonwealth of England as the same is now established, 
without a King or House of Lords.'* On the following day the obligation of 
signing this engagement was extended to officers of the army and navy, to all 
soldiers and sailors under their command, to judges and officials of the Courts of 
Law, to members of the Inns of Court, as well as to all who held municipal offices, 
or sat in municipal councils ; to all graduates and officers in the Universities, and 
to the masters, fellows, schoolmasters, and scholars of the Colleges of Eton, 
Winchester and Westminster ; to all minbters admitted to a benefice, and, finally, 
to all who received pensions from the State ' (Gardiner's ComntcnweaUh and PrO' 
tutor ate (ed. 1S94), i. 196, 197). In Gardiner's Constituiumal Documents of the 
Puritan Revolution (ed. a, 1899), p. 388, the same form of words is given with 
the date, a January, 1650, as an 'Engagement to be taken by all men of the 
age of eighteen,* with a reference to CivU War Tracts, E. 1060, No. 77, pre- 
sumably in the British Museum, and to Commonwealth and Protectorate % L ai6. 

' See above^ n. i, p. a6. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 35 

I doe not ^t find them actiue but yet it is my Caution yt y^ doe not 
trast them oner much in this pticul^ ffor the dangr is great' then y» 
are aware of My Seroice panted to y» & yo' Good La. I take Leaue 
lb am 

Yor faithfuU Senit 
Ja. 18. 165J. T. Wharton 

To the Worplt 

W«n Fkminge Esq 
at Conyston in 
Lancashire 

Theise p'nt 

XXL 
Roger Fleming to Daniel Fleming (237). 

Manchest*' y* I2«* Febry* 165} 
LOVXINGE BROTHER 

I have reced yours of y* 5^ of this Instant ; for which I Render 
JOQ noe Small thanckes, wtbout any complem^ for news I have none ; 
but y* all C freinds at Hull • is well ; for I did receive a lett' from my 
Cosen William Kirkby ' which did signifie so much. The Last weeke 
my Oxen Alexander Rijgbij * and his Moth' did call to see me. they 
had bene att Colt Birch house : for my Cosen Alexander is a Sarvant 
mto one of his daughters \ they reporte goeth y^ it will be a mach 

* This was probably not the whole cost of the carnage of the letter from London 
to Coniston. 

* i e. the Crowles, for whom see above, n. 5, p. 15. 

* William, the fourth son of Roger Kirkby, Alice Fleming's brother, was after- 
vaids of Ashlack, which is in Fnmess, not far from Kirkby. He was snrveyor- 
£eseral of all his majesty's customs in all the northern parts of England. 

* Alexander, son of Edward Rigby, and of Mary, daughter of Edward Hide, 
of Norbnry and Hide in Cheshire, Esq., was at this time nineteen years of age. 
He was of Burgh, in the township of Duxbury, and the parish of Standish, in the 
h&ndred of Ley land, and of Layton in the Fylde district of Amoundemess hundred, 
both in Lancashire, and was high-sheriff of the county in 1677-8. He paid 
£381 y. ^d. to compound for his estate with the parliamentary authority in 1646. 
Bargh now belongs to the Andertons, with whom the Rigbys intermarried, and 
Layton to the Cliftons of Lytham. D. F.*s maternal grandmother was Jane 
Rigby, sister of Alexander's grandfather, so they were second cousins. 

* Alezander*s suit seems to have been successful, as in the Birch pedigree {Misc, 
Gen. €t Her.^ i. 306), Anna, second daughter of Thomas Birch de Birch, in parochia 
de Manchester, appears as Uxor Alex. Rigby de Burgh in com. Lane. This 
Colonel Thomas Birch (to be distinguished from Col. John Birch, the captor of 
Haeford, whose life r&'va D.N, B.) was bom in 1608. He was granted a com- 

D 2 



36 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

betweext my Cosen and his daughter • x would have you by the next 
post to send me wo^rd wheather yo' Recedence will be att London 
for any longe time or not, and further to send me wo^rd wheath^ you 
ha^p heard anjrthinge from my father Latly; for my p^ I did not 
hear from him nore any of y^ house ; not since before Xmas I have 
litle to writte more but onely shuU pray allways for yO^ health and 
prosperitye and then shall Rest 

Your broth« and Sarvant while 

I am 

This for Mr ^^^^ Flkminge 

Daniell Flem- 
inge att Prince- 
armes in fullers 
Rents ^ neare graie 
Inne. 

London. 

xxn. 

Daniel Fleming to William Fleming (238). 

I have received two from John Banckes the order for 

Conystone; upon the rece whereof, I went immediately unto 
my Cosen Tho: Wharton ', who certefied mee, that if I went unto 
Habberdashers-hall ' I would loose my labor, for he said he knew that 
Sherwin* would doe us noe further good; this did not satisfie me, 
but I went unto Mr Pennington *, who had acquaintance with Sherwin, 
who went this day with m unto him ; Sherwin would not add any 
t unto that which he had written, b told us that hee 

had allowed Order, in takeing noetice of it sayd, that 

if y® Order had not effectuall, he would not have soe 

much as he had done therein, wee pr him, and were very 

urgent with him, add those few words to satisfie the Commissioners, 
who uttherwise would not allowe of it, he answer'd that hee would not 
committ such an absurditie as to add anything thereunto, w^ would 

mission in the Lancashire Militia as Colonel, 24 May, 1650, by the Conncil of 
State. There are frequent references to him in the Calendar of State Papers, 
DomestUf 1650. 
^ See note 5, p. J9. * See n. 2, p. J5. ' See n. i, p. j^. 

* Richard Sherwin was auditor, and afterwards treasorer, to the Committee for 
Compounding. 

* See n« 4, p. 31. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 37 

not add to ye vigour thereof, fo thee satisfaction of those men w 
did not rightly understand their nesse. if they den/d it. I have 
my cosen Wharton to write unto you some derections therein, 
^ w^ I have sent unto my Vncle John Kirkby first to peruse hee being 
nearer the Conmiissioners, and then he may send you them. Your 
bosinesse was in the note for to bee heard yesterday, but there being 
80 many causes before it, it did not come on, but I make noe question 
but to have it heard tomorrow ; And I hope that by the next Post 
you shaU receive the glad tidings of an allowance. S^ Jordan ' & my 
cosen Collingwood ' are both here, they doe fay thfully promis, that they 
will not oppose us tomorrow* There hath beene lately a cruell breach 
betwixt my cosen Collingwood & his father, about the purchaseing of 
his estate, my cosen would purchas his father's estate, but the old 
man will neither permitt him, nor will he purchase it him selfe ; they 
doe soe wrangle that its thought y® estate will bee lost betwixt them. 
This, with y« tender of my himiblest duty unto you and my loveing 
Mother, with y« remembrance of my loves unto my brothers and 
sisters I rest 

The order I have 

sent downe unto Your most dutifuU 

my Vncle Jo: Kirk: sonne Daniel Fleming 

Ifar^ J9. A.D. 1653. 

For William Fleming 
Esq at Conystone 
these 
hast 

Lancashire. 
Leave this at M" Dixons' 
in Kendal to bee 
sent a above. 

XXIIL 
Daniel Fleming to Mrs. Alice Fleming* (235). 

Deare Mother 

I haue here by this bearer ijhough not (viz my cosen Lai = soe 
soone as {perhaps) you did expect sent you bume *) sent my you a suite 

' Se)C n. 10, p. 10. • See n. 9, p. 10. ' See Additional Notes. 

• These three drafts of the beginning of a letter to his mother are vrritten by 
D. F. 00 the back of XVIII, which had been for some reason returned to him. 
The letter woold probably have been despatched from London along with XXII. 
The words printed in italics are, in the original, drawn through with a pen. 

* Probably one of the fourteen children of John Laybume, of Cnnswick, in the 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

linnen and a necUaces for my sister Issabell ', with 3 yards of ribbin 
10 make her a aett of knotts* 
Dbar Mother 

After ye tender of my humblest duty, I though it not the least p* 
of my du!y obedience to effect fulfill your y^ commands w"'' you were 
pleased to impose upon mee at my comeing out of y" countrey which 
same viz ; to buy a Ubrarie booke and a necklace for my sister ; the 
which I haue now here by this bearer 
Dkare Mother 

In reference to your commands, 1 haue bought a rayle ' and a 
necklace for my sister, with 3 j-ards of ribbin; to be of wt she may 
make a sett of modish knotts ; and ail w"" I have have sent by this 
opportunitie, it being; y* first, since John Banckes went out o' th 
towne y* I could conveniently send you by. Although they were not 
sent her soe soone as you and shee (perhaps) expected, yet I hope 
they will be bee receiued in good p', and 1 for my delay to be 
pardoned, when they come to yo^ hands. This — 

XXIV. 

AccoutiTs OF Daniel Fleming, January to March 

1652-3 (243). 

A note of my expences since my comeing up to London' Januaiy i. 

First of y» 5' which was my caushion money. 

I s d 

For my Battles 01-10-00 

To the Taylor 00-09-00 

To the Mercer 03-01-00 

Stmi : 05 — 00-00 

township of Sbetimngh, in the parilb of Kendal. They were conoected with the 
Flemings through tbe Duckets. One orthis John Laybume's sisters, Elisabeth, iras 
msnieil to Anthony Dncltct, whose sister Alice was thp first wife of John Fleming, 
eldest brother of Daniel. D. F.'s gnndtathei. The last Leybonme of Cunswick 
wag Dltaintcd in 1713, and the place bought by Thomas CrowU. It is now the 
property of the Eatl of Lonsdale 

' D. F.'s only sister. She died unmarried. 

' See the acconnls printed, p. 43, under Feb. 10, 11, 1651-3, when it ap- 
peals that the necklaces cost 3S. 6J,. the ' tibbio ' is., and the loit of linen Si. 

' i. e. a rail, 01 night-tail, a sort of dressing-gown. 

* For this journey see p. 5. Tbe * caushion ' was returned him by the Bnrsai 
of Queen's Collie, lo whom the ' Butles " would be paid. The Taylor and the 
Menxi would also probablj' be Oxford tradesmeii. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



Then of the 31* received by ne of John Bandws A mine \*JicIe 
M' HndtOeston. 



Jan. 


Sped in my jounwj- lo Oson 


00-16-00 


thea 


for a hut 


00-16-00 


6 


Fof a poire of Ink-boroes ' . 


00-00-06 




ForanAlmaDak 


00-00-08 


11 


For the canreing of my tninck . 


00-07-00 


>3 


more for removeing of it unto my lodg . 


00-00-08 


X 


For the drawing of my coat * 


00-01-00 


'4 


For a Glasse and a Combe . 


00 - oa - 06 




For Pbilodes and Dorodea ' 


00-02-00 




For Rosse's Epitomie * 


00-01 -06 




For Quarles Divine Fancys' 


00-00-08 


»4 


For a pound of Candles 


00-00-06 


>4 


Spent in a dinner .... 


00-01-00 


'4 


For 3 yards 3 quarters of Cloiii for a Cloak 


oa-ii-06 



» 



* As ink-honi wis x laull poiUble rcttel lor ink, origiDallr pcihaps made 
I' of lunB. A pwT of ink-honu may pcrhipi be a <1oable oat, lo contaui two kinds 

* i.e. of urns. D. F. lecms to hare bad a lam for hcraldcy and genealogy. 
H« paji 11..9 April, l6f j, ' far ihc Drawing of mj Coat ia Guilliim ' (em XXVll), 
and Ihroneboal his life, as appeara later on. [be same laslc prevails. The mark* 
■B the margiD k s«m to have been put with a view 10 exliactlng ipcciil items. 
DoCBntest No, 1311 ii }Dcb a selection of items from his accounts between April 
and Jone, 1653. It is not easy lo discover oo what priacipleslhe items arc aelecled. 

* TTie Two Lancashire Loren: or the Eicetleat History of Philocles and 
I>oric1ea. tiprcsstng ibc fiithfiill constancy and mutoaU lidelily of two loyall 

Stcred with aa lesse variety of discourse to delight the Generona, then 

s advice lo instinct the Amorous. By Musius Palailnus. Pcreo, si 

Ucco. London, Prioted by Edward GriHiD, for K. R or his Assignes. 1640. S°. 

L Bodlcy. The author is Kicbard Braithwul, the author of Barnabee's 

; JoanuL It ii 31 ia Haslewood's catalogue of his works, edited by W, C. Hailitt, 

169. Loudon, 1876. It is dedicated to Alexamlcf Rigby, Clarke of the 

Crown for tbe Connly Palatine of Lancaster, who was biuiher of D. F.'s matemal 

graodiDotheT, see n. 4, p. j;. 

■ The Marrow of Hiiloiie, Or an Epitome of all Historical Passages from the 
Creation, to the end of the list Macedonian \\ar. First set out at large by 
Sit Walter Rawleigh, And now Aijbtevialed by A. K. [Aleiander Rosse]. Times 
witBCM, Henult of Aniitjuitie, The Light of Truth, and life of Memohc. London, 
Mated bj> W. DuganI, for John Stephenson, Stadouar, at (be Sun on Ludgate Hill. 
.650- 

* Dinne Fanciest Digested into Epigiammes, Meditations and Observatioas, 
Bj Fra: Quarles. London, Printed by M. F. for John M«iriol. and are to be sold 
■I hi* Shop in St Uunstans Churchyard in Fleetstrcet. 1633. 4". 



40 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



I have now taken out of y® bagge 5-10-00 and have in my 
pockett 07" - 06. 



1 4 Spent at night . '. • . . .00 

Lost at cards 00 

for a letter by the Post . ... 00 

15 I now take out 02* - 00 - 00. 



00 

04 
00 



08 
00 
06 



16 For S* Edw: Cook upon Littleton * 
For y« exposition of termes of y« Law • 
Spent .... 

For my dinner . 

16 To the Barber . 

17 To y« Taylor for my Cloak 
for y® finishing of my coat • 
for my dinner 
Spent at night with M' Pric' 

Jan. 18 Spent with Mr Prick: & Mr Porter* 
for my dinner 

Spent with M' Sim: Musgrave * 
To y« Poast for a letter 



■} 



00- 

00- 
00- 
00- 
00- 
00- 
00- 
00- 
00- 
00- 
00- 
00- 



18-06 
00-00 
02 -06 
00-10 
01 -00 
05-00 
02-00 
00-09 
00-04 
00-04 
00-09 
00 - 02 
00 — 01 



> The First Part of the Institutes of the Lawes of England, or, a Commentarie 
apon Littleton, not the name of a Lawyer onely, but of the Law it selfe .... 
Anthore Edw. Coke Milite. London, Printed for the Sodetie of Stationers. 
Anno i6a8. (Bodl. fol.) 

' An exposition of certaine difficult and obicnre wordes, and termes of the lawes 
of this Realme, newly set foorth and aogmented, both in French and English, 
for the helpe of sach yonge Stndentes as are desirous to attaine the knowledge of the 
same. Whereonto are also added the olde Tennres. In sedibns Richardi Tottelli. 
Cum Prinilegia (BodL 80.) In the Bodleian copy there is a note in Bp. Barlow's 
Handwriting : — The Author of this Booke, was Seijeant Rastall, vid. Hen. Spelma. 
de nd temerandis Ecclesijs pag. 124. Edit Lond., 16 16. The colophon runs. 
Imprinted at London, in Fleetestreete within Temple Barre, at the Signe of the 
Hand and Starre by Richarde Tottell. 1579. 

' Allan Prickett, son and heir of William, of Natland, Westmoreland, gent., 
entered Gray*s Inn, la November, 1650 ; barrister, 1659. He had been at Queen's 
with D. F., having entered 20 July, 1650, and matriculated 18 November, i. e. on 
the same days. Natland is a manor belonging to the Stricklands of Sizergh, two 
miles south of Kendal. 

* Mr. Porter may be John, son and heir of Richard, of Halesworth, Suffolk, 
gent., who entered Grajr's Inn, 21 October, 1652, who may be the same as John 
Porter who matriculated from St. John*s College, Oxford, 10 April, 1652. 

' Simon Musgrave, probably the fifth son of Sir Philip, the second baronet, and 
younger brother of Dr. Kit (p. 28). At the age of 30 years he was drowned 
' in awimming for divertiKmenL' (Bozns and Nicolson, i. 597.) 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



41 



19 Taken out of the bagg 



01 -00-00 



20 

X 



Pay'd unto Mr Wharton * for the copies of 

2 Certificates &c. . . .00 

For a newes booke 00 

For y« altering of my suit .... 00 

For a black sword-belt .... 00 

Spent with Mr Feild • 00 

Sum . 



15 
00 

04 

10 

00 



00 
02 
00 
00 
02 



I have taken out in all 
I have now in my Pocket 



03 - 06 - 09 



08 
00 



10 

00 



00 
09 



20 



21 



22 



24 



25 



27 



{Taken out 

For my dinner . 

For my dinner . 

Spent with Mr Nic: ' & M' 

For Faggotts 

For a letter to y« Post 

For my dinner . 



Pric: 



{ 



22 { Taken out more 



To y* Landress for halfe of this Quar. 

For a Dale-boxe, & a paire of show-ties * 

To the Steward for my fine . 

For y« altering of gowne 

Spent with with Labume • & M' Whar . 

Given unto y« oflficers of y« house 

for a paper-book, pencil, & mouth-glue • 



{ 



Taken out 



For Candles 

For 2 letters by y« Post 

For gillded paper 

For y« search of y« pedegre 



00 
00 

00 
00 
00 
00 
00 



05 
00 

00 

01 

00 

00 

01 



00 
06 
09 
00 
06 
06 
02 



05-00-00 



00 < 

00 

04 

00 

00 

00 

00 



05-00 
01 -06 
00-00 
03-00 
00-06 
09-00 
• 00-10 



00-05-00 



00 
00 

00 

00 



00 
00 

00 

05 



06 

02 

02 
00 



' Mr. Wharton, see n. a, p. 25. ' See Additional Notes. 

' There was a James Nicholls or Nicolls, who entered Queen*s CoUege, 19 Nov., 
1649, ^^^ matriculated on the same day as D. F., 18 Nov., 1650 ; who was a student 
of the Middle Temple, where he entered 1649, ^^ ^^^ ^^^' ^^ Thomas, of 
Clapton, Somerset, gent 

• L c. deal-box, and shoe-ties. • See n. 5, p. 37. 

* Lip or month-glue, a compound of glue and sugar, which can be used by 
moisteiiing with the tongue. (Murray, s.v. ' glue.') 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



I Taken out more oa-io-oo 

Spent with M' Pennington ' & M'' Wharton . oo - oi - oo 
Given unlo y" Auditory Sherwin" for a 

certificate 00-03-00 

Given unlo Mr Martin' in a Tee for getting 

Jo: out of ye Act 01-00-00 

z8 Given in a fee unto Mr Pennington for j» 

same thing 01-00-00 

Spent with Mr Wharton & Mr Pennington . 00-00-04 
X for a boxe for my Vncles Books . . .00-00-10 
X To a Porter for carrying of it . . .00-00-08 

I I have taken out in all . . .16-10-00 
I soe I ha^'e in my pockett . . . 00 - og - 00 

■j Taken out more 01-00-00 

Given in a fee unto Mr Graves ' , . . oi - 00 - 00 

29 For a scale . . . . . .00 — 05 — 00 

I Taken out more 00-10-00 

To a Barber 00-00-06 

for a weekes commons ending this day . 00-08-00 

Febr: i Spent vi'ith Mr Greenhow ° . . .00-00-05 

I Taken out more 00-05-00 

To y Post for a letter . , .00-00-03 
moretoy"Post 00-00-ot 

3 For a penknife 00-00-06 

Spent 00-01-05 

3 Spent 00-00-06 

' See D. 4, p. 31. ■ See n. 4, p. 36. 

' Odc Mutln wu in i6ja clerk )□ the LosdoD Commissloncis, whose doties 
were taken over by the Committee for Compounding {Cal. 9/ Cemm. for Comfatind- 
'"g, 376)- He may have been at Ibia time employed by the Commillec for Com- 
pounding. 

• Richard GravcB was town-clerk of London, and clerk of assiie for Middlesex. 
Ilii name frcqaenlly occurs in the Calendar eftkt Csmmillet ftr CempeufuiiHg. 

> Thomas UreDebalgh (perhaps, Grenehocgh), sun and heir of Richard, lale of 
firandlesome, ta. Laccaiter, esq., deceased, eutered Gnya Inn, 16 November, 
165J, The name before his in the Gray's Inn Register is Aleiander Rigby, son 
uid heir of Edward, lale of Burgh, co. Lascasler, esq., deceased (for whom see 
"■ 4> P- hh) : 3"d the name after hii Is William PenniDgtOD, ton of William, of 
Muncaster, Cumberland, esq. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



Tor candles . 

Spen[ wilh Mr Wharion 

I Taken out more 

Spent with Mr Wharton 
for sending a letter 
Spent wilh Mr Pricket 
Spent with Mr Huddle' 
Spent with Mr Pricket 



for two necke-taces 

for ribbin , 

for my dinner 

Spent with Tom Lamplew 

\ Taken out more 



To ye Preacher in Grays-in * 

for fire there .... 

For y* sealeing of my bond . 

To 3 servants, w* is due every tearme 




I have now taken out in all 
And I have in my pocket . 


. 19- 


15-00 
15-10 


Taken out more . 


. 00- 


10-00 



r my sisters suite of linnen . . .00-08-00 
for a copy of our pe?ion .00-01-00 

' Probably, Aadrcw Hnddle»ton, the writer of XXV. He married Dorotliy, 

liitcT of WllUam, D. F.'s father. He suffered greatlr for his loyalt}' to the crown, 

loslag permaiieiitly all his estate* in Oifordihire, Laacaihire and WestmorUnd. 

[ HattoD Jobo was sequestered for man]' years and was all that was saved for the 

[ faailj »l the Resloralion. He was a Roman Catholic, and his brother John is 

Bid to have administered ealreme unction 10 Charles II. 

* Thomas Lamplugh, entered Qaecn's College, Oxford, as batler, in Easier 
Tenn, 1649; he matriculated tS Nov., l6;o, the same day u D. F., nod pro- 
ceeded B.A. s May, 1653. He entered Gray's Inn, i* Feb., 1651-1, as son and 
ittu of George, of Pspcistle, Cumberland, gent., and was called lo the bar in 1660. 
' The preacher at this time was Nicholas Bernard of Elmmannel College. 
Caoibniige, inccesaively Dean of Kilmore and of Ardagh, and Chaplain to 
AfdiUlbop Usshcr And to Oliver Cromwell. He became Preacher 17 June, 1651, 
ia aacoesnoii (0 Dr. Thomas Horlon, and was sncceeded, iS Jan.. 1660-1, by John 
WiUrint, Warden ofWadham College, Oifbrd, one of the founders of the Koyal 
Society, and afterwards Bishop of Chesler. Bernard became in 1660 Kector of 
WliiK^nrch-CDro-Marbnry and died 15 October, 1661. 



I 
I 



44 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

for Davenports abridgemt of Littleton* . . 00-02-01 

1 2 Spent with Mr Wharton . . .00-00-03 

I Taken out more 02-00-00 

for a Coach 00-01-00 

For two weekes commons . . . .00-16-00 
Spent with Mr Lancashires Factor ' .00-00-06 

for y« seeing of a Play . . . .00-00-02 
To a Barber 00-00-06 

13 For my dinner 00-00-06 

14 For a quire of paper 00-00-04 

For my dinner 00-00-06 

Feb 14 For my dinner' 00-00-06 

X For y« reversing of an Outlarie * . . .01-06-00 
For a pound of candles . . . .00-00-06 
For a letter to y« Post . . .00-00-03 
For Aples 00-00-01 

15 I Taken out more 00-10-00 

X Given unto y« Clearks for y« Justitias*s • 00-05-00 

For my dinner 00-00-07 

For entering an Order at Habberd • .00-02-06 

' An Abridgement of The Lord Coke*f Commentary on Littleton : Collected by 
an unknown Author ; yet by a late Edition pretended to be Sir Humphrey Davenports 
Kt. and In this Second Impression purged from very many gross Errors committed 
in the said former Edition. With a Table of the most remarkable things 
therein. London: Printed for W. Lee, D. Pakenum, and G. Bedell. 165 1. 
(Bodl. 8vo.) 

' It would seem from an entry in D. F.'s accounts for 3 Oct., 1653 (see XX VH), 
that Mr. Lancashire lived at Manchester. Hp was perhaps the merchant in whose 
employ D. F.'s brother Roger was (see p. 5). 

* This is a repetition, at the head of the second sheet of the accounts, of the 
last item on the first sheet 

* The person 'outlawed seems to have been Andrew Huddlestone, the writer of 
XXV. Delinquents and recusants seem at this time to have been specially liable 
to writs of this sort. See the case of Henry Mills, CcUtndar of Comm, for 
Compounding^ 3145* 

* lusticieSf is a Writ directed to the Sherifife, for the dispatch of lustice in some 
especiall cause, wherewith of his own authoritie he cannot deale in his Countie 
Court . . . KUhin fol. 74 saith, that by this writ called lustides, the Sheriffe may 
hold plee of a great Summe, whereas of his ordinary authoritie hee cannot hold 
plees but of summes under forty shillings ... It is called a lusticies^ because it is 
a Commission to the Sheriffe ad lusticiandum aliquemf to doe a man right, and 
requireth no retume of any certificate of what hee hath done. {Cowelfs Interpreter^ 
Lond., 1637, &▼•) 

* Le. Haberdashers* Hall, see n. i, p. 33. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



45 



i6 



»7 



i8 
19 



30 



31 



Pen: 



To y« Clearke for writeing of it 

To y« Post for Letters 

Spent at y« Gray-hound * 

For Aples . 

For my Dinner . 

Spent with Mr Whan & M' 

For a newes-booke 

For my Dinner . 

Spent with my Cosen Lamp! 

For my Dinner . 

For my Dinner . 

Given to Steven . 

For a letter 



Taken out more 



For a paire of shoes 

For a paire of shoe-ties 

Spent with Rich: Harr. 

To y« Post . 

For Aples . 

Spent 

For my Dinner . 

for a Boxe &, a newes-booke 

Spent at y^ parting with my Cosin 

Spent at Wiggins * 



& 



Kirkby» 



{ 



23 \ Taken out more 



For my Dinner • 
I have now spent in all 
And I have taken out in all 

I have now 



00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
oo< 



01 
00 
01 
00 
01 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 



00 
04 
00 
01 
00 
06 
02 
06 

04 
06 

06 
06 
02 



Jo: Kir: ' . 



00-05-00 

00-04-00 
00-00-06 
00-00-03 
00-00 — 02 
00-00-01 
00-00-03 
00-01-00 
00 - 00 - 03 
00-00-06 
00-00-06 



00 - 05 - 00 



00 
22 

00 



00 
05 



08 
02 
00 
10 



* There was a Greyhonnd in Fleet Street, mentioned by Pepys (ed. Wheatley, i. 

75.3*9; "• ^35)- 
' This may possibly be the Tom Lamplew mentioned above, Feb. 10, bat is 

more likely to be Richard Lamplugh, only son and heir of Thomas, of Ribton, 

Comberland, esq., who entered Queen's College as commoner in Easter Term, 1649, 

tod gmve a cup (calicem) ao April, 1649. He matriculated 18 Nov., 1650, the 

nme day as D. F., entered Gray's Inn, 21 October, 1650, was called to the bar 

1657. He was M.P. for Cumberland, 1678-9, and married Frances, only daughter 

<^ Sir Christopher Lowther, of Whitehaven, bart. His sister Frances married, 

» his third wife. Col. John Lamplugh (see n. 9, p. 5), whose first wife was D. F.'s 

Erst cousin. Hence perhaps the cousinship. XXVIII is a letter addressed to him. 

' L e. his uncle John. ^ See Additional Notes. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



Spent with my cosen Fard: Huddle: ' . .00- 

for a letter 00 - 

For ys mending of my shoes . . . 00 - 

For my Dinner 00 - 

For Faggoits 00 - 

Spent 00- 

for my Dinner . . . ■ . 00 - 

I Talten out more 00 - 

To y« Barber 00 - 

for my Dinner . . . 00 - 
for ye English dancing-master* . . .00- 

for Chappels use of the holy chriplure ' . 00 - 

for Saule'a voyage to Damascus . . . 00 - 

for faggats 00 - 

For my Dinner 00 - 

I Taken out more 01- 

for a paire of shoe-ties . . . . 00 — 

for a Faggott 00 - 

for a letter 00 - 

for a Coach 00 - 

for my Dinner 00 - 



' Ferdinaad, son of Sir Witliun Hodleston, of Millnm, belonged to ihc eldeM 
bnnch of the funily, to which the Hudlestons of Halloo Jolia klso belooged. 
Hi* mother was Bridget, diughler of Joseph Pennincton, of Maacaaler, and hii 
only sister, Isabel, married, as his second wife, Richaid Kirkby, eldest son ol 
Roger, D, F.'s mother's eldest brothel, lliis is perhaps why he is called cosen, 
thoagh there were earlier marringes between Hodlestones and Flemings. Feidinand 
had an only daughter, who married Charles West, Lord Delnwarr, and had no 
issnc. Tbe estate was sold in 1774 to the then Sir James Lowtber. Ferdinand 
Haddleston was an unsnccessful candidate on the Court side for Cumberland in 
the election of 1679. A speech of his printed on the occasion is given b Chancellor 
Fergnson's Cumber land and Wislmerlatid M.P's, p. 38. 

■ The English Dancing Master. Lond.1651. obl.^to. Often reprinted. (W, C. 
Haililt's Handbooll to Early Englisk Liliralurt, 1867, p, 137.) 

* The Use of Holy Scriptore Gravely and Methodically Disconrsed, By William 
Chappel Bishop of Corke, sometimes Fellow of ChriiU Coltedg In Cambridge. 
A Work of singular benefit to Divines, and all men, to establish themselves, and 
others in the Perfin^ion, Perspicuity, and Efficade of Gods Word, against Alheists, 
Heathens, Romanists, Enthusiasts, and ail other Vnbcleeven and Misbeteerers. &c. 
To which Is picfiied a Prcfice, by a friend to the Anthor. as an Intnxtnetion Co 
the Trealice. London, Printed by E. C. for Andrew Crook, at the Green Dragon 
in Paula Cbnrchyard, 1653. (S*. Bodl.) 



1 t for copies of y* Depositions . 

for my Dinner . . . . 
for y sight of J* Dromidary' 
To y Post . . . . 

Spent in M' Wharton's chamber . 



\ Taken o 

for my Dinner oo 

for my Dinner oo - 

for a Coach . . . oo ~ 

fOT my Dinner . , , .00- 

for a Letler p Post 00 - 

spent . . 00 - 

To ye Barber 00 - 

spent 00 - 

for tny Dinner . . . . . . 00 - 

for my Dinner . . . . . . 00 — 

\ Taken out more 01 - 

for a Letter 00 - 

for our Order of ref. . . . 00 - 

To y* Clearke for writeing of it . . 00 - 

for entering il . , 00 — 

I lor a Cop: of our Pe? 00 - 

I fcr wrileing it 00 - 

^nt 00- 

Bpeni with Peter Buryate ' . . . . 00 - 

Given him 00 - 

Gi' 



00 


'00 


-06 


00 


-oo 


-04 


00 


-00 


-oa 


00 


-00 


-03 


00 


-10 


-00 


00 


-0! 


-DO 


00 


-01 


-00 



the power' 
For a letter 



00 - 00 - oa 



irch 8 \ Taken out more 



9 for a silver bottle . . . ,01-03-00 

for y* English Phisilion ' . . . .00-01-00 

' John Evelyn al» ' wenl (34 Jan., i6;o-l) (o see a Droniciiarie, a vciy 
monSUtma beaale, much lite the camel bnl larger.' This was in Paris ; but ns 
Fkniau Marchaud, the water- spouter, whom lie saw al Ibe lame lime, ofterwanis 
eibiliitcil himielf in Eagiand, the Dronicdsiie may hare come too aod be the beasi 
here mcDlioiied. 

' See 0. 4, p. 15. ' i.e. proliably the poor. 

• TW English Pbysitum: or An Astrologo-Physicil Discourie of the Vulgar 
Hctta of thii Niitioii. Belii£ a Complot Method ol Fbj^ick, vbcreby a man 



48 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



lO 



II 



12 



n 



14 



for a gill of hott waters 
for a newes-booke 

spent 

for hot waters, a cardas-possett, * &c. 
for y« lettring of two bookes 



00- 


-00 


-03 


00- 


-00 


-02 


00- 


-00 


- 10 


00- 


-00 


-06 


00- 


-00 


-04 



I have now taken out in all 


. 27-00-00 


And I have spent in all . 


26-11-04 


I have in 


. 00 - 08 - 08 



for a Camphire-ball ' . 

spent at y® Fleece • with Major Robinson * 

spent . . . * . 

for a letter 

for strong-waters .... 

for candles 

for my Dinner 

spent 

I Taken out more 



00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 



00 
02 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 



04 
00 

03 

03 

03 
06 

06 
03 



for 3 paire of cuffs 

spent 

for a glasse &, hot waters . . . . 
Payd my cosin Wharton w^ hee had laid out 
To y« Barber ...... 

for my Dinner 

speni ••••*.•• 
for my Dinner 



04-00-00 

00-01-00 
00-00-07 
00 - 00 - 04 
03- 16-06 
00-01 -00 
00-00-07 
00-00-03 
00-00-06 



may presexre his Body in Health : or care himself, being sick, for three pence 
charge, with inch things only as grow in England, they being most fit for English 
Bodies. Herein is also showed, i. The way of making Plaisters, Oyntments, &c. 
a. What Planet govemeth every Herb or Tree (used in Physick) that groweth in 
England &c. &c. &c. By Nich. Cnlpeper, Gent. Student in Physick and Aitrologie. 
London : Printed by Peter Cole, at the sign of the Printing-Press in Comhil, near 
the Royal Exchange. 165 a [with portrait of Author, eng'. by Cross]. I owe this 
reference to Dr. J. F. Payne. 

^ L e. made of carduus or thistle. Elias Ashmole writes in his diary (a8 Jane, 
'647)1 ' 7.15 p.m. fell ill, and 10.30 took my bed. I was pained in my head, reins, 
thighs ; and taking a carduos posset at night, and sweating upon it, I mended.' 

' Camphire, i.e. camphor. 

' The most celebrated ' Fleece ' Inn was in York Street, Covent Garden ; bat 
there were of coarse others, and it does not seem easy to identify this one. 

* Major Edward Robinson was 6 Sept., 1658, appointed by the Commissioners 
for Sequestrations one of the Commissioners for co. Lancaster. {Col, ofComm.for 
Comp.^ 745.) He had acted in a similar capacity as early as 1654 (ib. 3i79)> ud 
had had to do with sequestered estates as early as 165a (ib. a854). 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 49 

15 for my Dinner 00-00-06 

To y« Post 00-00-04 

Spent 00-00-07 

16 for my Dinner 00-00-04 

17 for my Dinner 00-00-03 

\ Taken out more 00-05-00 

18 For a letter 00-00-03 

For my Dinner 00-00-03 

Spent 00-00-04 

I Lent unto my Cosen T. W. . .01-00-00 

19 / Taken out more 01-00-00 

for my Dinner 00-00-09 

X Given unto M*" Latch ' for puseing of 0^ Report o i - 00 - 00 

March For y* which my Vncle Jo: Klirkby writt for . 00-03-00 

19 Spent 00-00-03 

20 for my Dinner 00-00-09 

2 1 \ Taken out more o i - 00 - 00 

For my Dinner 00-01-00 

for a letter 00-00-04 

22 for Valentines Devotians ' . . . .00-02-10 
for a paire of white gloves . . . .00-01-04 

for my Dinner 00-00-06 

for y« Philologicall Commentarie ' . . 00-01-04 

^ Peifaaps John Latch, who matricalated from Brasenose 26 Feb., 1607-8, aged 
19, of Somerset, gent, barrister at law of the Middle Temple 1637 (as son of 
Thomas, of Langford, Somerset), ' a person of great learning in his profession,' who 
died Aug., 1655. (Foster, s. ▼. ; Wood (who gives him by mistake to St. John*s), 
Atkenae^ iii. 3^.) 

' Prirate Devotions, Digested into Six Letanies; I. Of Confession. II. Of 
Deprecation. III. Of Supplication. IV. Of Thanksgiving. V. Of Intercession. 
VL For the Sck. With Directions and Prayers For the Lords Day, Sacrament, 
Day of Death, Judgment And two daily Prayers, One for the Morning, Another 
lor the Evening. The thirteenth Edition, London, Printed for H. Moseley at the 
Piinoes Arms in S. Pauls Churchyard, 1654. (BodL small 8<*.) It is dedicated to 
Thomas, Lord Coventry, by Your Lo^ in all Duty, Henry Valentine. 

' Philologicall commentary, or, an illustration of the most obvious and nsefriU 
words in the law. With their distinctions and diverse acceptations, as they are 
foimd as well in reports ancient and modem, as in records, and memorials never 
printed. Usefull for all young students of the law. By E. L. [Edward Leigh] 
GeDtleman, sometimes of the Middle Temple. London, 165a, Duodecimo*. 
(Halkett and Laing's Dictionary of Anonymous and Pseudonymous Literature^ 
voL 3, i885» column 1899. 

E 



so 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



for two copies of our Report 

for letters 

23 for y« mending of a paire of shooes 

for my Dinner 

X for the Copies of my Aunt Andertons ^ Deposi- 
tions 

24 I Taken out more 

Given unto Mr St nicolas ' in gold 
Given for Gold i* 8^ a pound • • 

for my Dinner 

spent 

25 for my Dinner 

for a letter 

spent 

26 Given unto M' Whartons Clearke for writ: 

y« Rep: . . . . 



27 
28 



29 



00 
00 
00 
00 



05 
00 

01 

00 



00 
02 

04 
06 



00-05-00 
05-13-06 



05 
00 

00 

00 

00 

00 

00 



00 
08 
01 
00 
01 
00 
00 



00 

04 
00 

06 

00 

03 
03 



00 — 01-00 



• Taken out more 03-00-00 

» ■ ■■ »^p— » 

Given unto M' Latch' . . . .01-10-00 
Given unto M' Pennington . . . .01-00-00 
for another Cop: of y« Report . . .00-02-06 
spent with M' Mawson * . . .00-01-00 

for my Dinner 00-00-06 

for my Dinner 00-00-06 

for my Dinner . . . . . .00-00-06 

Spent 00-00-02 

for letters 00 — 00-06 

for a quire of paper 00-00-06 

for a letter 00-00-02 

for my Dinner 00-01-00 

spent 00-02-00 



' See n. 4, p. 3. Her husband, Hugh Anderton, was very obnoxious to the 
party in power. See S. R. Gardiner's Commonwealth and Protectorate^ iii. 203. 
His case and that of his mother is set out in the Calendar of the Committee for 
Compoundittg^ pp. 3073, 4, 5. 

' Major Thomas St Nicholas was one of the Counsel to the Committee for 
Compounding. See Mrs. Everett Green*s Calendar of its proceedings. 

' See n. i, p. 49. 

* A George Mawson of Melkinthorpe in Westmorland was fined C^ 17X. 6d, as 
a delinquent in 1650, and William Mawson of Penrith contracted, 1651, with the 
County Committee of Westmorland for the sequestered lands of Thomas Blenkinsop 
inHdbeck. 



WE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 51 

for le tiers 00-00-05 

30 \ TaJien out more oz-00-00 

March: 30 Given in a fee unto y^ Recorder Steele' . 01 — 10-00 

for my Dinner 00-07-00 

for wine 00-02-00 

31 for my Dinner 00-00-06 

(1 have taken now out in all . . . 44-18-06 
And I have spent in all . . . 44 - 18 - 03 
for a pound of candles . . . .00-00-06 

for a Letter 00-00-03 

XXV. 
Andrkw Huddleston* to Dakiel Flehikg (140}. 

) COSIN*, 

As you haue beene carefuil of you' friends I hope you will goe 
I to putt my Cosin Wharton in minde of my busines reade his letl«« 
and you will undstsland yo» charge & when you haue doone I pray 
seale it and deliuer it to him. I haue rec^ you' leu» wtb bookes etc. 
tnd John Bancks hath the monies you lade out for me to retume lo 
)'Oo, I must intreate you to gel me anoth*' Jusiicies' and send me wtl" 
*hai speed possible at my owne suite against Lanceloti Sisson'and 
Anthony Watson fo^ thirty pounds. All ou' friends in these pts are 
very well god be thanked. Sr George Fletcher' hunts euery day we 
bcare noething of the Surveyors ' as yett If theire be any thing wherin 
I may doe you service command 
HBitoojohn YoT truly louing Vncle 

Jgjj *" AmDKIW HtJDDLESTOK. 

be sure you p'^sent my 

Service to my Cosio Rich: For 

Pennington' and my good my very loueing 

Cosin his Sist*r. Nephew Mr Daniell 

Fleming these. 
' WlUiain Slnle [d. 1680), recoHer of London, 1649, loid chanceilor of 

id, 1656. His life by Mr. C. H. Firth \%\aD,N.B. • See n. 1 , p. 43. 
* t-e. nepbew, u be itylct him ia ibe addiess below. See o. i, p. la. D.F. 
■ MM of HnddlesCon's wife's brother. ' See □. 5, p. 44. 

> Qune fonnd ia the Hndlestone pedigree. Josepii, this Andrew's 
lauied lo EUinot, diugtilei of Cmbbcit Sisson, of Kirkbartoui ot of 

|e Flelchei was still a minor, md bis toother tvu at this time engaged 
Ji before the Cammissionera for Componodiog. The surveyors ruay 
fcg todo wilb this suit. {Cal. ef Comm. for Camp , xdfii.) 

~ ' gton's gical-grudtather William, mairicd Bridget, liiter of 
E 1 



XXVI. 

John Kirkbt to Daniel Fleming (241)- 
Non possum (charissime Nepos) quin demirer ; Nos a Uteris otnmn6 
desiuisse : Non amoris certfe, non Orij deficientia, in causa esi, sed 
Pulo poliEls Aura hac Plagje nostrie Borcalis nobis & Athenarum ; 
ft Amicitiam obliuionem indidil, & dum Rure hoc peragramut 
Impoiilo ; et Academic & Vrbi, imo & Vrbanitati videamur valedicere. 
Stupidissimus mortalium cluerem merit6 si occasione hSc te In- 
salutalum prrelerirein qd quidem officium quam Gralulor mihi potius 
Amoris Nostri ergo tibi piKstare ; quam ex tuarum Prouocatione ; 
Quae si modo luse sim Liters mihi semper gratissimE ; nee minus 
ex vesiro Montium Domicilio quam ex Musarum Missie Sacrario; 
dum Animi Candor & sincerilas, Nobis asque ac Styli peigrata est 
concinnitaa, Quod tuo se sistit nunc Epibtoliura conspcctui ; est et 
Amoris nostri in presenli testimonium et vesiri in futuro Incitamentum. 
TJec te solummodb hisce salutaium velim ; sed {ut omni ofEciorum 
genere deuinctum me Fateor) Pairem Matremq, optiinam. Imo et 
(Si tantillo Liceat Tantum Salutare) Dominu Isttim Domlnantium, 
.Seigniorem scilicet Lowickii' Serenissimum, Cui exoptata velim — 
Spumantia Pocula Vino ; & Inter hic salotem plurimam ; Puellamq, 
bellam Isabellam'. Vale (Mi amantissime) nam hoc Charta nostra 
charitast^ jubet ; libi semper Tuisq, Bene Valere q<i suma voiorum est. 
Tibi devotissimi 

Jo: KiREBV 

Theis 

For Mr Danieil Flemings 
att Conyston hall 
hast. 

Andrew Hndleilone's Ereat-graodfalhet Andrew, Thii is Richird, ttyo of William 
of MunCBstrr, not of Sealoa. The sister i> probably Isabel, who died onmuried 
ia London in l6Sg. Tbe ihree others were all manied before tbU. 

' Fm the Lord of Lowick see n. 3, p. 10, 

* Isabella, D. F.'i only listei. 



1G53 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



^H XXVII. 

^^M Excerpts from the Accounts of Daniel Flexing 

^^P Afsil to October 1653 (243'). 

April 5 for Incke 00-00-03 

Paid unto my Cosen Wharton* . , oo-oG-oo 

9 for 3 Acts for y« Pro: of Wills . . . 00-00-03 

I for y' Compleai Attorney ' , . . .00 — 01-08 
X for the Drawing of my Coat in GuUliam * . 00 - oa - 00 
■ 3 Paid for my chamber 01-18-00 
14 spent at Hide p*' 00-01-00 
X for a Juslicies-wrlt ' for And. Huddl: ' — . 00 - os - 06 
for a wash-ball 00-oo-oa 

16 for a pound of powder .... 00-02-00 
18 for a pound of candles . . . .00-00-07 

' TbcK accoDDU »te the conlinoMion of Ihose printed as XXIV. Up lo thi* 
point they have been printed in (ull. From Ibia poiat soch leCDiring ilcmi u 
' Tikes ont moic,' ' for nij dimier,' ' spent,' ' Jbi lettera,' are omitted. 

* Se« n. 1, p. 15. 

' Tbc Bodleian Cop7 which ii the fifth impresiion, printed by Tho. Roycioft, 
Sm H. tvjiori, did aie to be sold at hia Shop in Vine-Coorl, Middle-Tempte, 
1658, bas for in title. The Practick Fart of the Law : Shewing the OfBce of 
* Conplest Attorney, In the full prosecution of any Action, whether Real], 
Pemoall or Miit ; (from the very Original to the Execution) in all Courti ; With 
the exact leca of all Officen and Miaisters of the Courts ; Together with ipedall 
iBMinctions for the Solicitatian of any Cnuse in Chancery, or elsewhere, relating 
ID the present GoTemroent, being nsefoU (or all men. The Qnecn't College Copy, 
which 11 dated 1666, learcs out the word Complcat before Attorney, but like the 
eul^edilionhuTbeCompleat Attorney a* headline lo each page. D. F. 's, bonght 
in 1653, innM haie been a itill earlier impreasion than the BodleiaD one. 

* In the 1 679 edition oS GaiWixD'i Disflay a/ HeraUry D. F.'s arms arc exhibited 
among the AlchivemeDts of Esq" with the folIowinE inscription :— The much 

d Daniel Fleming of Beckenuet in Camberland & of Kydal-hslI in West- 
d Esq. of which family St Sumnme there baue been 10 Lords of y* manor 

of BecJcetmet, of which to hauc been K" &, all y rest (that then wedded) bane 

aaned y Daughter* of Baronets, or Knights, 

* By ■ carioos coincidence, three days earlier, II April, 1653, Evelyn leconls, 
'IwEQt to take the air in Hide Taik, when every coach was mode to pay a shilling, 
■nd bone tixpence, by the sordid fellow who had purchased it of the State, as they 
vetc called.' The park had been sold, under a special resolnlion of I December, 
l6jj. tor;Ci7,o68 aj.Si/. in three lots to Richard Wilson, John Lacey,and Anthony 
Qcaac At tbe Rciloiation the sale was treated as null and void, and the pork 
was opcoed to tbc public as it had been before. (Thombnty'i Old and ^/tw 
Lmdtn, iv. 380.) 

* Seen. 5, p. 44, and Huddlesion's letter, p. 51. 
'SBeB.i,p.4J- 



54 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

for a newes-booke* 00-00-02 

ao for y« colouring of my hatt . . . .00-01-00 
spent in Coach-hire 00-03-06 

21 for y« Citties Remonstrance • . . .00-00-02 

22 spent at Manybone-parke * • . . . 00-01-06 

23 for y« Armies Dedaraon * . . . .00-00-02 
for a paire of gloves 00-01-02 

25 To Hooper • for y« signeing of C Order . 00-02-06 
28 for y« takeing forth of C Order . . .00-02-06 

To y« Clearkes for writeing, &, entreing it . 00-05-00 

30 for Littleton in English • . . . .00-01-04 

May 2 for Pagitts Christianography^ . . . 00-04-00 

for The Narrative of o' late troubles in Eng: • 00-91-00 

^ What answered to the newipapers of the present day were little quarto books 
generally of 16 pages, like the Diumell described note 3, p. 33. 

* The Remonstranoe and petition of the Lord Mayor, Aldermen and Commons 
of London was presented to Parliament 36 May, 1646. It was attacked in two 
Libels, which were replied to by Colonel John Bellamie 6 Jnly, 1646 ; and resulted 
in a controversy between Bellamie and a Mr. John Price. 

' Marylebone Gardens were on < the extensive piece of gronnd which is to-day 
enclosed more or less ronghly by Marylebone Road, High Street, Marylebone, 
Weymouth Street and Harley Street.' Bonlton's Amusements of Old London, 

i.66. 

* It appears from the Bodleian Catalogue of Pamphlets that in 1650 were 
published in London, 4^ (i) The Declaration of the English Army on March to 
Scotland, (a) The Declaration of the English Army in Scotland to the people of 
Scotland* (3) The Declaration of the Army to Scotland. (4) in 1648, Dedaratioa 
of Army under Col. Lambert to Fairfax. 

' See Additional Notes. 

* Lyttelton tenures in Englysshe [Black letter] Imprynted at London in Fletstrete 
at the sygne of the George next to saynt Dustones church by Wyllyam Myddylton. 
In the yere of our Lorde 1544. The fourth day of May. 

^ Christianography, or The Description of the multitude and sundry sorts of 
Christians in the World, not subject to the Pope. With their unity, and how they 
agree with the Protestants in the prmdpall poynts of difference betweene them and 
the Church of Rome, To which is added a Treatise of the Religion of the ancient 
Christians in Brittanie, and how they also differed from the now Romish Church. 
With certaine Letters and Concessions of the Easteme Churches and others. 7%e 
third Edition inlarged. The chiefe Additions are in the Page following the 
Epistle. After this I beheld y and loe a great muUitud which no man could number^ 
of all Nations, and Kindreds, and People^ and Tongues, stood before the throne, 
and before the Lambe, Revel. 7. 9. London, Printed by J. Okes, for Matthew 
Costerden, Stationer, 1640. The dedication to King Charles is signed Ephraim 
Pagitt (Bodl. fol.) 

' A Compendious Narrative of The late Troubles in England, or, Elenchus 
Englished. First, written in Latin by an Anonymus, for the informatioa of 
Forreners, and. Now, don into English, for the behoof and plemfnre of oar 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



oo 


-04 


oo 


-03 


OI 


-00 


01 


-00 


05 


-00 



00 


-09 


ot> 


-09 


00 


-04 


06 


-00 


07 


-06 


oa 


-00 



3 for y" enlcrug of o^ Order at Dntry-housc ' 
for 3 Declaralions & sending 2 leliers . 
Ijlx)' 7 spenl vith M<'Nicols* 
for iwo paire of sockes 

8 Given to y* power in Grays-Inne Chappel 

9 payd my Landresee .... 
for a pound of candles 

14 spent with Jo: Mill ' . . . ■ 

18 given unto Jo: for his roll . 

19 for bookes ...... 

for Moderanie Policie* 

for my supp with M' Richardson ' 

ao for a new booke ..... 
for » yards of cloth .... 
for 4 doz. of silver buttons . 
for 40 yards of Ribbin 



Posterior qui seqnitur. Fabiiu Quinclilimns. Fiinted in the 
, ttifi. (Bodl. 13°. 300 pp.) This is the English tioQitation of tlie fint 
KfWt of Dt- George Bale'i Elfnchut Mottaim nufererum iu Anglta, which wai 

" "' " d originilty in Lstin at Paris in 1649, and aecotdinE Id Wood {Alhinm, iii. 
S*S) tn» ttaoslated into English hy on nnkaomi hand, and prioted at LondoD, 
t6si. In oclavo. Bate carried the narratiie dowo lo i66a in a second psrt, printed 
In Loodeo, 1661 ; and k third pan was added by Dr. Thomas Skinner, bringing 
tbc aatntiTC down to 1669. The three parts were pnbUshed in English in one 
*6lanM in l68f in London as A short HUlorUai Aueutit e/Ihe Fist and Pmgriss 
^tht loll Trmblis in Bng/and. 

' Dnuy Honse was where the sittings were held of the Trustees for sale of lands 
fariUud for Treiuon. They had power to sell the lands, and on ceniRcalc of their 
bkvliig done so, and of the payment of at least half the pnicbose money, the lands 
were Ascharged from seqneitration by the Committee for Compounding. Thcii 
powtn were given them under three Acts passed respectively on 16 Jnly, 165I : 
ea 4 Aog. 1651 ; and on 18 Nov. 1651. The last Act contained the names of 
all sequestered dclinqnenls who had not componndcd, or had not paid the 
iiwaihili I of their tines, and included among others llie names of Hugh Anderton, 
M Eulon, Gent. ; William Fleming, of Ridda!, co. Westmerland, Esq. ; John 
fleming of in the county of Cam berland; and of Andrew Huddleston. 

«f Hntlon John. co. Cumberland, Esq. Dmry House was nt the west end of 
Wych Street, and gave Its name to Drury Lane. After the Restoration it was in 
the pmscxtioa of Lord Ciavea and called Craven House. 

• See D. 3, p. 41. 

' Sec Additional Notes, 

• Modem Policies, Taken from Machiavcl, Borgia, And Other choisc Authors by 
aa Eyr- Witness, etc. etc London. Printed for Thomas Dring, at the sign of the 
CeoTfe in Fleet Street, near CUifordi Inn. The seventh Edition, which is the one 
in the Bodleian, u dated 1657. 

' Lc Matthew, for whom see n. I, p. 18, 



56 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



X for one yard &. an halfe of black fring 
X for 12 yards of Ribbin for J. K* . 
21 X for 6 yards more of Ribbin for Jo: K 

for Pauls-chorch-yard &c. for S' G. F. 

Payd the Barber 

23 for a quire of paper . 
for a boxe &, wafers . 

24 Payd for a weekes commons 
Given Tom Tailor 

25 for two paire of linnen stockins • 
X for a paire of Topps for Jo: Kir: • 
X for 7 play-bookes for my Vncle Da. * 

for a pair of shoes 
X Payd for y« Copie of Senhouse's answer 
^ for the search of it • 

26 for y« Cobler . • . • 

27 for a paire of shoe-ties 

29 spent in my chamber with some Ladys 

30 To a scriviner * . 

31 Given wito Mr Martin * 
Given unto Mr Graves^ 
for Prunes and Orenges 



00 

00 

00 

00 

00 

00 

00 

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00 



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• oo< 

• 00 

. OO' 

• 01 • 

• 00 
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• 00 
. 01 
. 01 
. 00 



02-00 
06-00 
03-00 
02 — 02 

05-00 

00-06 
00-02 
08-00 
00-06 
06-00 
03-06 

02 - 06 

03-08 
03-04 
03-04 
01-03 

01-00 
02-06 
02-00 
00-00 
00-00 
00-08 



* i. e. John Kirkby, for whom see n. 5, p. 4. 

' i. e. Sir George Fletcher, for whom see n. I, p. 5, 

' Daniel Fleming, 5th son of Daniel, and brother of D. F/s father, was lieu- 
tenant of a troop of horse in the service of King Charles I, under the command of 
the earl of Newcastle. He died without issue. (Bums and Nicolson, i. 163.) 

* John Senhouse, of Seascale, b. 1597, was son of John Senhouse and Mary 
Fleming, sister of D. F.'s grandmother. See Appendix A. The transactions 
between John Senhouse and the Committee for compounding are in Col, of Comm, 

for Comp,t 1703, 1704. 

* A scrivener (or scriven, Fr. ^crwain) a writer, then especially a law-writer, or 
transcriber of legal documents. At one time, used for a man who drew, as well as 
transcribed, such documents. The professional scrivener at one time seems to have 
been a money-lender, or at least to have provided, as solicitors sometimes now do, 
for the borrowing of money by their clioits. We shall find it elsewhere used in 
the Fleming documents for a writing-master. 

* See n. 3, p. 4a. 

^ Richard Graves, or Greaves, clerk of the peace for Middlesex and town-cleric 
of London, was actively employed by the Committee for compounding who e. g. 
8 July, 1650, refer a question of fact and a question of law to him and Recorder 
Steele {Ca/, of Com, for Comp,, 2654); ^5 '^^S* 1650, order him and another to 
certify to them the names of all recusants convicted before them from the b^[inning 
of the late King's reign (ib. 393) ; 27 Feb. 1655, refer a matter in difference to 
him and Mr. Martin (ib. 2005). 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



57 



for a Coach • • . . 
June i for a newea-booke 

spent with Mr Gerard Lowther ^ • 

3 for a copie of o' Ord & Cert 

for 2 sad letters (of my Dear Fathers 

4 Given to y« Reader in Grays-Inne 

6 Given unto Summers at Hab. ' . 
for Essex Dove* . 

spent with M' Hunter ^ 

7 Given unto y« Recorder* . 
Given unto M' Martin' 

for a coach .... 
for candles 

8 for a paire of gloves . 

9 for whitewine-vineger &c 
for 3 paire of gloves . 

10 for a paire of silk band strings 
for a mourning hatt-band . 
for a Rajsor and a case 

11 My Taylors note for my Gray suite 
for a paire of blacke stockings 

for 7 jrards of blacke-cloth . 

for 4 doz. of satt Ribben . 

for 6 doz. of haire buttons • 

13 for y« English-Dancing-Maister* • 



Death) 



00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
oa 
00 
00 
00 



00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
01 
00 

04 
00 

00 

00 



01 -06 
00-02 
01-00 
03-00 
00-06 
01-00 
02-06 
02-06 
02-06 
00-00 
10-00 
01-06 
00-06 
01-00 
00-06 
03-04 
02-04 
02-06 
02-06 
10-00 
05-00 
18-00 
18-00 
05-00 
02-06 



^ This Gerard Lowther is probably the eldest son of Sir Richard Lowther of 
Ingletooy who was Governor of Pontefract Castle for King Charles I, and died 
1645. Gerard's mother was Isabell, dan. of Sir Richard Fletcher of Hutton, who 
was aunt of Barbara D. F.'s wife. This Gerard Lowther was living 1652 (accord- 
ing to a MS. pedigree in my possession), but died unmarried before 1665, as in the 
pedigree in Dugdale's visitation dated 31 March, 1665, his fifth brother Henry is 
head of the fiunily. 

' The words in brackets have been added later by D. F. 

' Haberdashers* Hall, for which see n. i, p. 23. For Summers see Additional 
Notes. 

* Is this. The Earle of Essex his Loyaltie and Love to his King and Conntrey ; 
with his five propositions to his armie at his late Siege at Shrewsbury. London, 
1642, 40 (Brit Mus. E. 123. (17)) ; or The Dove, an Epistle of Peace to Presby- 
terians, &c., by Sir James Harrington, London 4<>, 1645. (Bodleian MS. Catalogue 
of Pamphlets.) ? 

' See Additional Notes. 

' William Steele, recorder of London, see n. i, p. 51. 

* See n. 3, p. 42. 

* The Dancing Master : or, plain and easie Rules for the Dancing of Country 



58 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

for colouring of a paire of gloves . . .00-00-06 
14 for coaching to Hab: ^ and backe againe 00 - oa - 00 

Given to one of y^ Clearkes for y^ passing of 

Con: 'Order 00-02-06 

16 for a newes-booke & 2 letters . .00-00-04 
18 for a paire of shooes 00 -r 04 - 04 

for y« lineing of a paire of stockings . . 00-00-04 

21 for goeing p water to Westm. . .00-00-06 

22 for an Elige upon Deane • . . .00-00-02 

24 for Artes Prob: * 00-00-10 

for y« Dutch-Fortune-Teller • . . .00-01-00 
for a breife RepeBon of o' warrs * . .00-00-04 

for a Coach 00-00-06 

for a Pound of Candles • . . .00-00-06 
for another Elegie of G. Deane * . . .00-00-02 

25 for a knife 00-02-06 

for an Act for plonging of the time . . 00-00-02 

26 spent in my chamber 00-01-06 

spen at Do: Bensons* 00-01-06 

28 for a quire of paper 00-00-06 

for 3 paire of sockes 00-01-02 

for an ord^r for further hearing . . .00-02-06 
30 The Institutes of y« Lawes of Eng. by W. G.'' 00 - 01 - 06 
July I for ye faceing of my Coat, coulouring y« rib- 
bins of my .suite &c 00-07-00 

Danoet , with the Tune to each Dance, to be played on the Treble Violin. The 
second Edition, Enlarged and Corrected from many grosse Errors which were in 
the former Edition. London, Printed for John Playford, at his shop in the Inner 
Temple near the Chnrch Door 1652. (Bibl. Bodl.) William Child or ChUde also 
published A book of Dancing, in plain rules for country dances, with tunes to 
each dance, with tunes for French corants, with pleasant tunes for Treble- Violin, 
for beginners, 8<^, which is in London's Catalogue, 1658 ; and may be the book 
referred to either here or below XXXI, a a March, 1653-4, P* 73* 

^ Haberdashers' Hall, for which see n. i, p. a5. 

' i.e. Coniston, see n. i,p. 34. 

* See Additional Notes. 

* Possibly Aristotle's Problems, The Problems of Aristotle with other Philo- 
sophers and Physicians; containing divers questions and answer, touching the 
state of man's body, 8^ (In London's Catalogue, 1658.) 

* See Additional Notes. 

* Perhaps the same person as the one referred to p. a6 as likely to be able 
to give evidence as to the birth of the William Fleming who died in 1649. 

^ The institutes of the Lawes of England . . . Translated into English ... by 
W. G. Esquire, 1651, 8«. (British Museum, 1379 a.) 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



59 



for y« boiling * of my maire . 
7 Given unto Mr Recorder 
Given unto Mr Martin 
for a Cop. of y« Yorkshire. Cert' . 
X 9 for 9 papers of pins black . 
lo-i I for y« two coats in glasse ' . 
for a bridle & a girth . 

12 for a paire of black-tops 
for halfe a dozen of washing-bals • 

13 Payd for my chamber 
for y« shoeing of my maire . 

14 for goeing p water 

15 Payd for my horse at y« Bell * 
Payd for my bootes & shooes 
spent at y« parting with my Vncle Hud. 
for y^ copies of y« precedents 
for mending of my shooes . 

16 Payd y« Taylor .... 
X X for 2 Taff. * and i love hood. 2 paire 
X for a Justicies ^ for Andrew Huddle: 

19 Given to y« Reader at Grays In • . 
for a newes-book 
for y^ mending of my stockings . 

20 for y« triall of y« Romish Clergies tide* &c. 
X 2 1 for Collet's Devotions '° . . . 



cuf 



00-00 
02 -00 
00- 10 
00- 02 
00-01 
00-11 
00-02 
00-03 
00-00 
02-00 
00-01 
00-01 
00- 10 
00-07 
00-00 
00-01 
00-01 
01 - 12 
00- 18 
00-02 
00-00 
00-00 
00-00 
00-00 
00-01 



-04 
-00 
-00 
-00 
-06 
-00 
-02 
-00 
-04 
-00 
-04 
-00 
-06 
-06 
-06 
-00 
-02 
-00 
-00 
-06 
-06 
-02 

-03 

-08 

-00 



* To boll, before the seventeenth century, meant to swell. This would be a very 
late instance in that sense. Perhaps the word here means administering a bolus or 
large pill. 

* See n. I, p. 34. 

' i. e. the Fleming and Kirkby coats of arms, to be put in the East Window of 
Grasmere Church as part of the memorial to his father, see below n. 4, p. 61. 

* Probably the Tavern in King Street, Westminster. Pepys incidentally lets us 
know that horses were kept there (23 June, 1660, 4 Nov. 1660). 

* Andrew Huddlestone, husband of Dorothy Fleming, D. F.*s father's sister, for 
whom see n. I, p. 43. 

' i. e. tassels. 
' See n. 5, p. 44. 

* See Additional Notes. 

* See Additional Notes. 

*• Dr. John Colet, the founder of St. Paul's School, London, wrote * A righte 
fruitfull Admonition concerning the order of a good Christian man's life,' which 
was first printed by John Byddell in 1534 and reprinted 1563 by Jhon Cawood, 
Printer to the Queues Maiestie. 8 leaves in 12*. (*A ryght fruitfuU monition, 
c5cemyng the ordre of a good christian mans lyfe, very profitable for all maner of 



6o 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



X for 2 ounce of methridate^ • 
for a manual of Devotions • 
2 a for y« binding of Artes 

26 for my Seal . .. 5* 5< 
for Montross's booke * . 

27 for coach-hire • • • 
29 for a map of Europe . 

for a globe and a Diall within it 

29 for y« English Traveller* • 
for a paire of blacke-stockings 

30 for an order for rehearing . 
for a paire of shooties 

for an oimce of Diapenthe * . 

31 for I yard f of black ribband 
August 2 Given unto M' Recorder • 

3 Given unto Mr Martin & Graves 

4 for a quire of paper . 

5 Payd for my mare's grasse & hay 

6 Spent in goeing to Westm: ft Ja 



• oo- 
oo- 

. OO' 

. oo- 
oo< 

. OO' 

. oo< 

. 00 

. oo< 

• oo- 
. 00 
. 00 

• oo< 

• 00 
. 01 

01 

• 00 
. 00 

Tradeskins* 00 



03-00 
02-03 
00-09 
10 - 00 
01-00 
01-06 
00-06 
02-00 
01-00 
05-00 
02-06 
00-10 
00-04 
01-00 
00-00 
00-00 
00-04 
14-06 
04-06 



Estates and otiier to behold and loke vpoo. Made by the famotue Doctonr CoIete» 
sometime Deane of Powles.) In 1577 Gabriel Cawood issued it widi two other 
anonymous religions treatises. In later editions this book took the name of Daily 
Devotions, or the Christian's Morning and Evening Sacrifice ... by John Colet D.D., 
in which Colet's book is succeeded by a number of prayers of which Mr. Lee says 
he is not the anthor. The eighteenth edition (the nineteenth dated 1684 is in the 
British Museum) contains Fuller's life of Colet The a 2d edition appeared in 
I7aa. (See D, N. B., s.v. Colet, John.) 

^ An antidote to or preservation against poison. From Mithridates, the king of 
Pontus, who was said to have first discovered them. 

* The History of the Kings Majesties Affairs in Scotland Under the Conduct of 
the most Honourable James Marques of Montrose, Earl of Kincardine &c. and 
Genezall Govemour of that Kingdome. In the year 1644, '645, and 1646. It vras 
originally published at the Hague. The second edition in the Bodleian has the 
imprint, Haghe, Printed by Samuel Browne, English Bookseller dwelling in the 
Aditer>om at the signe of the English Printing house. But it was frequently 
reprinted in England, before 165a. 

' A direction for the English Traveller, by which he shall be inabled to coast 
about all England and Wales, and also to know how farre any market-towne lyeth 
one from another, etc. London, 1635, 8^. Reprinted 1636. I take this title from 
Anderson's British Topography, 

* A medicine composed of five ingredients Sul virrc. Probably here a physic for 
his mare^ composed of Myrrh, Gentian, Birthwort, Ivory and Bay-berries ; also 
called Horse-Mitridate, and so possibly the same thing called Methridate. above ; 
thon^ he paid much more for that. See Murray, s.v. Diapente. 

* Close to the Soudi of Beanfoy's Vinegar Distillery in South Lambeth, on the 



r 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD fii 

+ e For a Quo m'nut ' for my Co: Ambrosse ' . 00-04-00 

+ 9 for a search & a copie in >■« Exigenlea ' office 00 - 00 - 08 

to for an Epitaph in Glasse * . . . .00-05-06 

^fSt Payd for an Epitaph in Brasse' . 01-15-00 

i» for y» rideing of my Mare . , .00-00-06 

13 Payd y* Barber . a» 6d i« 6^ 6il . .00 

Ang. 15 for ye reading of Grand Cyrus ' . . .00-00-06 

tfor a letter 00-00-03 
for another sent to OxoD . .00-00-02 
•fBBtb orFentimui Road, was the midence of Joha Tradescaot, the botanist, with 
'^physic gudcQ ui'l muienni •.ttuched. Ab to Ttaducant'i Mueuin, tbe leaulna 
«f <Aicb Me now ineorpotBlcii in tile Aahmolean Museum, see lsa£.k Wnlton 
■{C»mfltlt An^tr. PL I, ch. i). There were three John TradeBcanls of three 
pnentioni, the secood of the three md his wife, after tbe death of theit son, gave 
brdecd their Musenm to Elias Ashmole, 15 Dec. 1659, There i« an elaborate 
BOQnment to the family, which has been twice repaired, in l^ambeth parish 
Cbntcb. 

' Qua minus is a writ, that lycth for him which hath a gmnnt of hoascbote and 
hcjixrte la another man's wood; against the gtannter making such waste as the 
fimonlec cannot enjoy his gniDnl. Honsebolc and heyboto arc esloveis or allowances 
of wood to be taken out of another man's woods. (Cowell'i Interfrcttt,) 

• See n. 6, p. 16. 

* There were foor Eiigenles or Exigendaries, olhcers in the Court of Common 
plM^ whose dnties were to make all Exigents and Proclamations in all actions 
iriicre pTocesse ofontlawrie doth tie. An Exigent was awrti thai lyeth where the 
ddadant in an action personall cannot be found, nor anything in the County 
whereby lo be attached or distrained, and is direcled to the Sheiifl to proclaim and 
call fi*e Coonty dales one after another, chaj^ng him to appear under the pain 
of OotUwrie. (CoweIVs /nltrfrettr.) 

* ViiUiam Fleming, D. F.'s father, died at Coningiton-hall in the year 1653,10 
tbe 44th year of his age ; and was buried in the chancel of the church of Grasmert, 
io tbe same place where his grandmother Agnes (Bindlosse) had beoi boried 
abant >o years before. His epitaph is on a square piece of brass fixed in the wall 
near his grave in the east end of the church. And on an oblong piece of glals in 
the east window was pot up this inscription : Deo trino et uni | Sacmm | Secnn- 
dom Chiisli Redemptoris | Advcntum hoc lemplo eipeclat | Golielmns Fleming | 

l^^^Anm£CT. 1 Qui pie in Chrislo expiraTit | Conistonii, et quicquid mortale | hahnit 
^^Hbc dcpMnit, I ii" Mali, | Anno Epochae Christianse | MDCLUI. And underneath, 
^^H^ paleinal annl of Fleming and Klrkby impaled. And above, in the same 
^^HUndow, ihe aeverat coats in colours qua ttered by the family of Flemicg. (Nicolson 
^^'tod Bam, L 164-) The Bishop of Barrow has lieen kind enough to inform me that 
' SOW (l90>> the Elegy on Brass is still in its place, while the one on glass with the 
Inpalcd arms and the larger collection of coats have disappeared, 

• Anamenes. or the Grand Cyrus, an excellent new Romance. Written by that 
bBOiin Wil of France, Monsieur de Scodeiy Govemour of Noslrc-Dame, And now 
Englished by F. G. Gent, London, Printed for Homphrey Moseley at the 
Ptteoe'a Arms in 5. I'aul's Church-yard, and Thomas Drlng at the Geoi^e in 
Fk«wi««, i6sj. tBodl. fol.) 



62 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD . 

i6 for y« Cop. of Mr Breretons * Report . • 00-04-06 

for Coaching 00-01-00 

18 Given unto Mr Latch' • • • • 01 - 00 - 00 

20 spent at the Musicke-house with M. A. ' • 00-01-06 

22 for the search in 3^ Fine office* • • .00-08-00 

X 24 for a yard of cloth for £lz: Banckes * • • 00-13-00 

for silver lace 00-07-00 

28 for my Hatt 01-05-00 

29 for verses 00-00-03 

for an Act for marriages' • • • • 00-00-03 

31 for a whip. • . • • • .00-01-06 

for a puffe 00-00-06 

Sept. I for waxe 00-00-03 

2 for an oyle-coat ^ & hatt-case . • .00-16-00 

Sept. 3 for ^i/ a /9i(?^' for my mother . . .00-06-03 

spent at y« departure of my Aunt And. * • 00-02-00 



^ Peter Breretcm was Counsel at Law to the Committee for compouiding. 
' See n. i, p. 49. 

* The first Music-House in London was the 'Mitre* in London Honse Yard 
at the north-western end of St. Paul's Cathedral. Robert Herbert, alias Faiges, 
the master, was also a Collector of natural Curiosities which were to be seen 
'at the place called the Music-house, at the Mitre, near the west end of 
St. Paul's church.' The greater part of this Collection was bought by Six 
Hans Sloane. The arms of the Company of Musicians were a Swan with his 
wings expanded within a double tressure, counter, flory, aigent. When it ceased 
to be a music-house the landlord adopted as his sign ' The Goose and Gridiron.' 
(Thombuiy*s Old and New London^ L 27a.) M. A. is possibly a member of the 
Ambrose or of the Anderton family. 

* To obtain the King's Licence to agree, a fine was due to the Crown, which 
was assessed in the Alienation office, and paid at the King*s Silver office, and 
the particulars, i. e. Parties, Parcels and Fines were entered in the books of the 
King's Silver office. (F. S. Thomas' Handbook to the Public Records, p. 128.) 
In 1806 the Alienation office was in the King's Bench Walk, Temple ; and the 
King's Silver office m the Middle Temple (ib. 429). Mr. Hubert Hall in reply 
to an inquiry kindly addressed to him by Mr. C. H. Firth suggests that the Fine 
office in that period might be either the King's Silver office, or the Office of the 
Clerk of Fines and Recoveries in the Court of Conunon Pleas, i. e. the chirographer. 

* See n. i, p. 27. 

* An Act touching Marriages and the Registering thereof; And also touching 
Births and Burials, ordered to be printed 24 August, 1653. 

^ Doubtless, an oil-skin or waterproof coat 

' A thin, light, glossy, black silk. (Murray, s.v.) This is an early instance of 
the word. Dr. Murray has none earlier than 1676. By that time however it had 
become one word ' Alamode.* 

* See n. 4, p. a» and n. i, p. 50. 



THE FLEMINCS IN OXFORD 



63 



Given unio M' Moigan ' . . . . 

for y* Copyes of 3 Depositions . 

P^d Mr Brerelon's' man for y" Report & Cop. 

for a coach 

for y deposeing of y« 3 Depos: at Habberd . 

Given unio Mr Cary ' 

for two pare of blacke-shooes 

Given unto M' Martin * . . . . 

Given unto Mr Graves' .... 

for a Coach 00 - oa - 00 

for a quan of sacke at T. W. ' lakeing hia Jour, oo - 01 - 00 

for a side-saddle 01-15-00 

for a Hamper 00-03-06 

for a horse-clotfa 00-03-06 

foryabridgera'of Cokes Reports' . . oo-oa-oa 



00 


-04 


-00 


00 


-2^ 


-00 


00 


-01 


-06 


00 


-03 


-00 


01 


-00 


-00 


00 


-07 


-oo 


01 


-00 


-00 


01 


-00 


-00 



HoTgui teeiDi to have been bo agent employed for the purctuse from 
n Trustees it Dinry House of seqnestered csUtis. He was so employed 
I. tf Comm. for Camp., 3186) to purchase ' Kydal Manor Had fiihing, Meller 
\ Howe, Grasmere, and r House in Kendal parish Weatmoilond roifeiled 
Uiam Flemiog.' In the Col, of Ccmm. fir C«mf. we fiiid him more than 
ooce employed in the nunc woik. 

' Edwud Carey 01 Cory, of tbe Middle Temple, was eiaminet to the Committee 
for rompouDding. appoioled g May, 165a (Co/, of Camm. far Coittf., lij); 
10 Feb. 1653-4 ''s was appointed one of the members of the Conunission for 
■UapoBog of the sequestered estates, which virtually superseded the Committee for 
Coanpowidiiie (ib. part I, p. u). 

• Se« n. 4, p. 43, and n. 7, p. 56. 

* Probably Thomas Wharton, for whom see n. 1, p. 35. 

' This may be either: An exact Abridgment in English of the Eleven Books 
f Reports of tbe Learned Sir Ednaid Coke, Knight, late Lord Chiefe Justice of 
'and, uid of the Counccl of EsUIe to His Majeitie, King James. Composed 
K Jndictous, Sir Thomas Irelanil, Knighl, latEof Grayes lnne,aDd on Aodent 
t of that Honourable Sodetie, etc. etc. London, Printed by M. Simmons, 
r Malttuw Walbancke, at Grayes Inne Gate, and H. Twyford in Vine^ourt 
h tile Middle Temple, 1650, or:— Apeifecl Abridgment of Ihe Kleaven fiooices 
f Reports of the Reverend, and Learned K'. S'. Edw. Cook, Sometimet Chiefe 
e of tbe Upper Bench. C)riginally Written in French, by S' John Darii, 
• ARuraey-Generall in Ireland. Done into English, etc elc. London, 
1 by L G. for W. I« D. Pakemon, and G. Bedell, are to be sold at their 
n Fleete-Streete, 1651. or: — Hacc Epitome Undedm Librorum ReLationnm 
tatiisimi et Docti Viri Edvordi Coke Mil. dcfuncti, quondam capital' Jnstic' 
t coram ipso Rege tenend', & Regiae Mnjestati 1 saocIioriLns consiliii, cum 
■ KcTeiecdonim & Honoralissimorum Judicnm pro;lo commisia fuit: et Hoc 
, Mttvan/m Tretman Annig' Intcriorls TempU Social, in le£e 



64 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

9 for Howels Dodona*s Grove * . . .00-01-00 

Sep. 1 1 for y® shooeing of my mare • . .00-02-00 

10 Lent unto Kelly ' 00-02-00 

13 for soleing a paire of showes . . . 00-01-02 
for Swinbum's Wills & Testam*' ' . .00-04-00 

14 for my Order of Discharge for Co: & BecL * 00-15-06 
for a Currle Hatt-band . . . .00-04-06 

17 for a ^lasse-standish 00-00-02 

19 for y« Act of the 16 of July -51 * . . . 00-00-09 

20 for two paire of gloves . . ,00-02-00 
for a linnen-bagg 00-01-00 

21 for a Dale-boxe 00-01-01 

for a cord 00-00-03 

for half a quire of guild-pap: • . . .00-00-03 

Apprenticins, Hcmorabili Societati ejosdem Hospitii (cnjnt voto idem editum 
fait) Merito Dedicat, et optat qnod Hoc Compendiam non sit alicui Lectori 
dispendiom. Londini excns. per asdgnat. J. More Armigeri, 1640. 

^ A9<poAo7ta, Dodona's Grove, or, The Vocall Forrest. By I. H. Esq^ Nee 
embait silnas habitare camaena. Virg. Eel. By T. B. for H. Mosley at the Princes 
Annes in S^ Paoles Charch-yard, 1640. (BodL fol.) 

' From the entry below nnder Sept. 23 Kelly seems to have been the keeper of 
the livery stable where D. F. kept his mare. 

* A Briefe Treatise of Testaments and Last Willes, Very profitable to be vnder- 
stoode of all the Snbiects of this Realme of England, (desirous to know, Wheihir, 
Whereof t and ffow^ they may make their Testaments : and by what meanes the 
same may be effected or hindered^) and no lesse delightfnl, aswell for the rarenes of 
the worker as for the easines of the stile, and method : Compiled of such lawes 
Ecclesiasticall and CiuUl^ as be not repugnant to the lawes, cnstomes, or statutes of 
this RealmOt nor derogatorie to the Prerogatiue RoyalL In which Treatise also 
are inserted diners Statutes of this land, together with mention of snndrie cnstomes, 
aswell General as Particular, not impertinent thereunto : Besides diners Marginall 
notes, and Quotations not to be neglected, especially of lustinianists or young 
Students of the Cinil Law : With two Tables, the one Analyticall, describing the 
generall Order of the Whole Treatise : The other Alphabeticall, disclosing the 
particular contents thereof: Thai in the beginnings this in the end of the boohe. 
By the Industrie of Henry Swinbum, Bachelar of the Ciuill Lawe. a Kings c. aa 
Put thine house in order, for thou shall die, and not Hue, London Printed by 
lohn Windet. 1590. 

^ i. e. for Cooiston and Beckermet, the Lancashire and Cumberland properties. 
See n. i, p. 34. 

' This is the first of the three Royalist Confiscation Acts (see n. i, p. 55). 
It is printed in full from H. ScobelFs Acts and Ordinances of the Parliament, 
London, 1658, ad part, by Miss Mabel G. W. Peacock in her Index of the Royalists 
whose estates were confiscated, published by the Index Society, 1879. 

' It appears to have been a mark of respect to write on gilt-«dged paper. The 
Archbishop of Canterbury was always so addressed. See Transactions of Cumb, 
and Westm, Antiq, and Archaeol. Soc, New Series, vol. i. p. 40, 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 65 

sa for a pound of powder • 00-01 • 00 

for apaiieof bbck^nnged-searg-stockings • 00-03-09 
for 4 HoDand bands . • • • .00-03-04 
for 2 paire of sin^ HoUand-coffs . 00-02-00 

for 2 lawnebands, ft 2 paire of cuffii single ft 

donb. . . • • • .00-05-06 

Sep. 23 for j^ carrijing of y« Hamp ft boxe • 00-01-00 

for mj mares 2 weekes hay, granes, shoeing, 

trieing, rideing ftc at Kellies^ . . 01-02-00 

q;)ent at or meeting at y« fleice * . • .00-03-00 

X 24 for 4 doz of white-thred-buttons . • .00-00-10 

for y«entring of my Order with y« And* . 00-01-06 

25 to ye Barber . . . • . .00-00-06 
Payd my Landresse 00-15-00 

26 for y« Ingrossing of a pet to y^ Lords Com. 00-00-06 
for a paire of Inkehomes ft y« Scotch Act • 00-00-07 
Spen with my she-cosen Wharton at parting 00-00-08 

27 paid for my mares grass ft hay ace. to a note 01 - 09 - 08 
for halfe a peck of oates ft mending my saddle 00 - o i - 00 
Given to y® Oastler at y« Kings-head London ^ 00-00-06 
Given to y« 2 Chamberlaines • •. . 00-01-00 

•f Left with my Cosen Wharton to fee counsell 

for my co: Jo: Ambrose . • .00-10-00 

for a newesbooke 00-00-02 

Sept. 2 7 Given a Porter for carrying my Trunk imto 

my Co: Rishtons ' . . . .00-00-10 

28 for ray selfe at Dunstable • . • . .00-05-00 

^ See n. 2, p. 64. 

• Sec n. 3, p. 48. 

' The Auditor, Richard Sherwin, see n. 4, p. 36. 

* There were many King's Heads. If London is emphatic it may be the one 
00 Fish Street Hill where Pepys * eat a barrel of very fine oysters ' after the Lord 
Mayor*s show on 29 Oct 1664. With his ' tips* to the ostler and chamberlains 
(waiters or chambermaids) compare Mr. F. James* in 1587 (O. H. S., V. 200) * Given 
the ostler and chamberlajme . . . 2*^.' 

* William Rishton, of Pontalgh near Clithero in Lancashire, would be at this 
time about 20 years of age. He was son of WiUiam, who married Dorothy, sister 
of Hugh Anderton of Euxton, the husband of Margaret Kirkby, D. F.*8 maternal 
aunt. 

• He followed the Holyhead road by Dunstable (34 miles), Towccster (27 miles), 
Daventry (12 miles), Coventry (19 miles), Lichfield (27 miles) to Darleston 
Bridge (23 miles) when he left it for the Carlisle road along which he proceeded 
by Brewerton Green (21 miles) and Holmes-Chappell (i mile), a mile beyond 

F 



66 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



29 



30 



8beri. 



8. 
10 
II 

12 



for my horse 

for driveing in some nailes 

for my horse at Toceter 

for my selfe at Daventry 

for my horse at Daventry 

for my horse at Coventry 

for 2 new shoes & 2 removes 

for my selfe at Litchfeild 

for my horse there 

for my horse at £rereton-greene ^ 

Spent at homes^happell * 

To a Barber at Manchester 

for my dinner there 

for my horse there 

for powdering at Manchester 

for my horse 

Given to y^ 3 servants at Mr Lancashires 

for my dinner at Ormeskirke 

for my horse there 

for halfe a qnarteren of powder 

Given to ray brother Roger . 

Given to y« midwife * . 

Given to y« Nurse 

Given to Jack ■ . 

Given unto y^ 2 maides & i man 

paid for yo shoeing of my Mare 

spent in Preston . 

spent at Lancaster 



at Euxton * 



00-01-08 
00-00-02 
00-00-06 
00-02-06 
00-01 -06 
00-00-06 
00-01-00 
00 - 02 - 06 
00 - 01 - 04 
00 - 01 - 00 
00-00-08 
00-01-00 
00-00-08 
00 - 00 - 03 
00 - 00 - 04 
00-00-03 
00-03-00 
00-01-00 
00-00-06 
00 - 00 - 06 
00 - 05 - 00 

00 - 05 - CO 

00 - 02 - 00 
00-00-06 
00-01 -06 
00 - 00 - 06 
00-00-06 
00 - 04 - 00 



which he struck off to the left to Manchester, his destination, where he wanted to 
see his brother Roger, who was apprenticed to Mr. Lancashire. The road from 
Brewerton Green to Manchester goes by Alderley, Cheadle and Stockport. 

' Breieton is in Cheshire, three miles north-east by north from Sandbach. 

' Holmes Chapel or Holmes Chapel is two miles north of Brereton and eight 
miles south of Knutsford, where the road via Chelford, to Cheadle, Stodcport, and 
Manchester, leaves the road from Lichfield to Knutsford and Warrington. 

' See n. a, p. 44. 

* This was at Heskin, where (see p. 5) he was God-Father to Mrs. Agnes 
Dicconson. 

* See Additional Notes. 

* Euxton was the home of his aunt Anderton, see n. 4, p. 2. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 67 

XXVIII. 

Daniel Flemino to Richard Lamplvgh (250^). 
HoNBST Mr Dick, 

Non sum domi, as yet I am on my journey, but hopes in due time 
to reach home. Charitie begins at home, go I desire you to looke 
weil unto my Trunck, Writ & Hervey's ' Acquittance ; & if you meet 
with Neevicheekes • to gett what you can for my Cloak and five 
diillings ; Now haveing reminded you of those things w*^ are nearly 
related unto my selfe, I pray you present my humblest service unto 
each of my Fellow Drunckards, and acquaint them, that tho' I was 
very sick when I parted with them, yet what with a sight of that 
transcendant shee at my comeing out of th' Towne, & with y« breath- 
ing in an open Aire, I am now perfecdy cured ; & as Jolly, as may 
bee expected for One who hath undertaken y« Taske to be not only 
tbeire but alsoe 

Your most humble 
Servant 

From Hey, How, Ham, D: FLEMING 

S^oidihire^ July ^^y remember to gett 

30-54 my booke from Mr Spelman '. 

For Mr Richard 
Lamplugh at his 

Chamber in 
Grays-Inne- 
these London. 

' This letter is sealed in red wax with the Fleming crest, ' A serpent nowed pp. 
holding a wreath of olive and vine leaves vert.' To the letter is appended a tran- 
script of Montrose's * My love & only Deare I pray,* probably written from memory. 
It has eight stanzas with an alternative for the eighth which does not scan. For 
the person to whom it is addressed see n. 3, p. 45. 

* This reference is not made mnch clearer by an entry in D. F.*s accounts : 
1654, J**^y 2^» P^>^ ^"^to M*" Hervey for Mr Harrison.. 01 — oa — 00. This 
seems to be the Mr Heruey referred to in X, p. 20, as the intermediary between 
D. F.'s father and a Mr Harrison who was to pay D. F. ten pounds at Oxford, 
This may be a final settlement of Oxford claims. 

* See Additional Notes. 

* Little Ha3rwood and Great Haywood are consecutive villages on the London 
to Holyhead Road between Lichfield and Stone. The latter extended in Ogilby's 
davs for four furlongs along the road and had two or three good inns. On this 
joumey D. F. had company, as at St. Albans he put ten shillings into a common 
parse, and five more at Newcastle. His joumey also took him through Stonistrat- 
ford, Euxton, Preston and Heskin, then back to Euxton, and by Pendle, Giggles* 
wick, and Kirkby Lonsdale to Windermere and Kirkby Ireleth. 

' Possibly, one of two brothers Spelman, Henry and Ralph, sons of Clement, 

F 2 



68 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

XXIX. 

Rev. Thomas Lowgh^ to Daniel Fleming (254). 

I hope y^ there shall noe contest in law arise twixt you and mee, for 
I now acknowledg you my land:lord, & that there is a fine due to you 
for my Tenement in Kirkland ' w<^ paies i8> per annum, other land 
I haue there (wherof I haue but the moity) & y^ paies a quit rent of 
jo> p annum, but not fineable, as y® conveyence cleeres it, nor did 
your predecessors question it, I did not heare till y^ last terme, y^ you 
were fining your Tenants, nor did I know y^ you were in London, 
& therfore writ to my brother Denison' to know what were your 
lowest demand, that I might protiide to doe you right, but since I have 
not heard from him. 

Now S' I shall desire to know what yo^ will take, & giuing me 
some time to provide (for a long sicknes & lamenes has much drained 
mee) I shall readily list to what is reasonable. And to incline you to 
moderation, I have besides y* common arguments w<2^ your tenants 
may plead as y« low rate of lands, the heauy burthens & rates upon 
their lands w^ the vnstable condition of things in bordering quarters 

afterwards Cunitor Baron of the Exchequer, who entered Gray's Inn on the same 
day, 4 Feb. 1647-8. 

* Thomas Longhe, bom in Westmorland, entered Qneen's College in Easter 
Term, 161 7, as a batler, and matriculated as pleb. fiL 1 1 April of that year aged 15. 
He was admitted Dudley Exhibitioner of Oriel Collie (without however leaving 
Queen's) 24 May, 1617, on the presentation of Edmund Dudley, of Yanwath, esq., 
and held it tiU the 9th March, 1620-1, when he resigned his exhibition. On the 
a6th Oct, i6ao, he was elected 'in pauperem puerum' (as Lough) and was 
admitted B.A. 2a Jan., i6ao-i ; he proceeded M.A. 5 July, 1634; was elected 
*in perpetuum scholarem' 17 June i6a6, and immediately on the same day 
admitted ' in perpetuum socium.* He was magister puerorum 1639-30, camera- 
rins (Junior Bursar) 1631-3, was admitted ED. 9 May, 163a ; held the office 
of Thesaurarius (Senior Bursar) 1635-6, and 1637-8, and vacated his fellowship 
at the end of 1646 or the beginning of 1647 on his presentation to the vicarage of 
Bramley, near Basingstoke in Hampshire. He was probably son of Thomas 
Lough, of Blencam, in the parish of Kirkland in Cumberland, and Elizabeth 
daughter of Richard Nevinson of Newby Stones, in the parish of Morland, West- 
morland. The Loughs were at this time owners of the manor of Blencam, which 
adjoined Skirwith, the Fleming manor in the same parish. For convenience of 
cultivation and holding, the lord of one manor was often a tenant in an adjoining 
manor. The fine under discussion was probably of the nature of a heriot, due on 
D. F.'s succession to his father's estate. The Rev. T. H. Belcher, now (1901) 
Vicar of Bramley, informs me that from the parish Register it appears that on 
' June 13th 1666, There was buried Mr. Thomas Lough, B.D. Vicar.' 

' See n. a, p. a, and n. 8, p. 10. 

' Possibly the husband of the sister Elizabeth mentioned in the following letter. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 69 

d such lile I haue some other consideration to tender as )•' your 

wr & mine were in a friendly suit a.1 law at York, w'*' contest old 

P John Lowther' iben one of the cotjncell at York thus in his chamber 

mined, yt my Father should pay vnto your Father 16* for your 

thers entrance into his estate & ye admission of my brother for v* 

ersion after my Fathers decease, & this euidence I haue by mce. 

wtir Father did not deale altogether soe kindly with mee, but pressed 

) hard vpon my ignorance hauing none to aduise mee, & I yealded 

for peace to my disadvantage ; but then he gaue me liberty to set 

Emaot any one of my name within liue years space after my admission 

t any fine at all : & (or this I haue his bond, as also another 

hid to keep me indemnified from y^ claime of Hodgson' or hisheites, 

D still p'tend lo a ^^ part of y' Lordship. 

KHauiog giuen this short account & desiring you to consider vt 

d but about 7 yeares since '. I shall then desire to know the lowest 

: yo" will set mee, wtl> some lime of payment, & if I find yo" not 

I pressing, I doubt not but we shall friendly accord & conclude. 

3 could but haue heard out of y* north or you had staled in London, 

it to Mr Fallowfield ' who honours yo" and whom 1 honour 

be to haue treated witt" you in my behalf, for I am not yet able to 

! far, and indeed this sharp weather deaJes hardly wth my 

B hands, yt I can scarce write. Soe w''' my harty thankes for 

ir John Lowlher, knight, one of his Majesties ConoscU at York in otdinoric 
c Noithem Pitili of ihis Real me, died 15 Sept. 1637. His wife Wa> Elennor, 
uof Willinm Fleming, the' onld Lady Lowlher' of p. J? where see note i. 
X baroneta, Jolin and Chriilopher. 

;em that the Flenungu did not get ao free fioiti the Hodgsons a^ the 
I* did, as Jan. 30 (probably ifisj) D. F. paid Rowlnnd Hoilgsion and Ins 
!t for Kltklacd (see above, p. 10). 
PTbii may hate been when Lough came in as tenant, or, sometime after \\te. 
9 date, when the William Fleming who died in 1649 succeeded lo bis father's 

iRiclMTd FallowtieJd of Great Strickland in Weslmotland was married Id 
r Lowthet «sta of Sir John (see at)ove, n. 1), who was married to 
t daughter of William Fleming of Rydal (D. F.'s greal-grandfalher), (he 
I Lady Lowlher' (referred to in the same nole). No. 351 of the Rydal 
b ■ leltCT from Fallowfield to John Fleming, D. F.'s lather's brolher, in 
h be ayi ' Von ai and will be a father and mother to (hose poor cbiiditn \aj 
It,' i.e. Thomas Browham, of Scale, called by mistake John b the 
1 pedigree, of whose son Heniy, and grandson Henry, we shall hear 
n. Thomas Hrougham's wife was a sister of D. F.'s father. 
one of the arliitraton (1659] between Sir Charles Howard's 
fait* who bad componoded with the Cummonweslth aiul thrir landlord when 
i hu property al the Restoration fNoble's fiislpry ef Bantflon, p. <7), 
t% «ne «f the original goveinots of Bamptoo School, (ib. p. 97). 



70 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

your kind letter, I wish you a healthful & safe journey to your own 
home, & remaine 

Your Freind & Tenant 

Bramleigh * desirous to serve yo'* 

m Hampt. _, _ ' 

Dec 35* Tho: Lowgh 

'^54- For my much honoured freind 

Daniell Fleming Esq 

at Graies Inne 

p'sent this. 

XXX. 



R£v. Thomas Lowgh to Daniel Fleming (255). 

S» 
I must first craue your pardon y^ I returned not timelier an 
answere to your kind letter in regard it lay concealed from mee til 
a neighbour of mine casually met w^ it & brought it late at night 
yesterday. 

Now worthy S^ concerning your demand, I should willingly assent 
if it were not grounded upon y^ supposition y^ I stand finable for 
a rent of i^. 8". 4^. per annum. I acknowledg only 18* per annum 
finable, and according to your proportion set, defalking' for the 
io», 4^. soe much proportionably w^^^ answers to a 13 penny' fine in 
y® northern phrase, I will upon the daies appointed by yo^ faithfully 
make payment & in yo Interim giue bond to you or your Attumey 
for you ; altho' I hold a parcell of land low rented for w^k I paid to 
the L* Dacres * but a 4 peny fine. There are few in our countrey that 
take less of their Tenants, many yt exceed; in this you giue an 
excellent testimony of a good conscience & your thankfulnes to your 
good God, who has devolued upon you a larg endowment and out 
of this consideration I perswade my self yo^ are mercifiill to your 
poor exhausted Tenants. This I speak as a Diuine; who vpon y^ 

^ Bramley, a parish in Hampshire, near Basingstoke. The Rectory came to the 
College with the Priory of Monk Sherborne in the reign of Edward IV. 
' i.e. cutting off, or deducting, from falx, a reaping-hook. 

* i. e. as we should say a fine equal to thirteen years* rent 

* This would be Francis Lennard, Lord Dacre of the south, who on the death in 
1634 of the last Lord Dacre of the north claimed the estates awarded in 1473 to 
the first Lord Dacre of the north. He had however to compromise matters 
with the Howard family (who then held them) receiving the Manor of Dacre 
and other considerable lands in Cumberland &c. See Cokayne*t CompUU 
Parage^ 8.V. 




THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



acqaaintance I had w^'' you espied so much ingenuity ' in yo<>, 
T» I doubi Dol but y' yo" will Iruly fear God & hate coueiousnes. 

As for y» lo*. 4'', p annum wh I admit noe further of then a dry ' 
Rent This you absolutely deny & question whether I haue only 
the moity. For y^ question 1 doe seriously profess y* it was by will 
conveyed from my Father to my self & sister Eliiabeth'asCoexecutor 
for die payment of debts & that wee redeemed the morgage from 
Mr BaitoD ' «'•> more mony than the Fee Simple is worth. If this 
ibould proue finable the estate would be clearly mine, but I belieue 
tny Sister will not soe easily part w"* it nor shall I doc her wrong. 
This upon your enquiry will be easily knowen; Mr Dalston' who 
made my Fathers will, will satisfy you. 

Since it is soe (for I haue deliberately pervsed my euidence) 
I cannot compound by my self for it. nor should I if it were entirely 
mine, for as you look after your right soe must I after mine, and if 
yoo pleased to stand to Mr Fallowfeild " or S' Tho. Tempests' deter- 
mination (able Se honest counsailors both) I will produce my euidence 
ft abide their award. It suits neither my age, disposition nor pro- 
to contend in law: an amicable compromise I prefer before 
ft cliargeable suites, as yet I neuer sued or was sued, & shall 

Vechoald sb; iDgcnooosiieu. Both theie words were nicd in the Kventeeath 
for the qii>lit<r betongiDg to the IngenuoDi mim. We have truisfeiTcd 
isltj lo ihe qnality beloDging to the ingeaioua man. 

T^eie uc two more or Im tecluiicl,! censes (or diy rent given by Dr. Murray, 
1] paid in hud cn&b, (l) a Rent-seek 01 baiieu tent, i.e. one le^rved without 
of diilicu. Of the tatter he quota no instance. The writer heie teenu to 
It in the sense of a cotnplete rent or qnit rent withont any tine. 
See D. 3, p. 68. 
Sot Adttilional Note*. 
Se« n. 4, p. 69. 

1 Tempesl entered Queen's College in Vacalioo Terni, 1610, and 
lUled from Queen'i 13 November, l6 :o, as generosi filim, fiom Nortbnmber- 
Bged 16. He wu youngest son of Rowland, a merchant of Newcastle, 
of Sir NiclioUi, fitst biionet of Stella. He was admitted to Lincoln's 
1613, called lo the bar 1610, made a tiencher 1636. He was appointed 
'genera! of Ireland ao July 16^0 and knighted 30 Dec. in the same year; 
supeneded after the King's death. He was litied as a delinqaent in 1641). 
matliei) twice. A son John, bom in Oxford, entered Qaeen's as Upper 
Oct., i6.^7> and was afterwards M.P. for co. Duiham. John'i bod 
alered Qoeen'i as Upper Commoner 99 Jnne, 1670, and as Colonel 
■aa M.P. loi Ihe dty of Dnrbam ; a younger son John was of Lincolu 
Sir Thomas was an ancestor of the present Marquess of Londondeny. 
"hat Frances, married a Rev. l-)enty Vane, who was made a baronet in 
[fter granddaughter married Charles William Slewail, the third Marquess, 
hint the luune of Vane Tempcil, and the valuable Wynyard estato. 




73 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

not vf^ out extreme necessity (least I desert mj right) any way 
engage. 

Leaning these things to your consideration; I craue leaue to say, 
yt I mentioned ^ S' J. Lowthers award to prepare yo^ to moderation 
because he perfectly vnderstood the whole context and if he had not 
been very iust (as I am confident he was very lust) proximity of blood 
& alliance might haue put a grain in your Fathers balance to make it 
preponderate. 

It is the Tenement for w«h I am responsable only & vpon your 
ground proposed I shall agree with you, soe y^ my name shall not 
need a writ; and for fhe* other, when tis thorowly considered, 
I doubt not the firmenes of the Tenure. // is some trouble y^ 
I cannot wait vpon yo^ for I am lame both in hands & feet soe 
desiring your answer, I shall hartily wish & pray for yo^ & remain 

Your freind & Tenant to honour & serve yo" 

Bramldgh Tho: Lowqb 

jin. 9*^^ '^o ^^ much honoured Freind 

54* Daniell Fleming Esq 

at Graies Inne or 

els where present 

this. 

XXXI. 

Accounts of Daniel Fleiong (1653-5). (260)'. 

A selection of the most interesting items. 
1653 
March 8 Paid for y« carryage of a pie * . . . 00 - 1 2 - 06 

1 1 for Evan's Bloody Vision • . . . .00-00-06 

> i.e. in XXK. 

* The words in Italics are lost from the fraying of the edge of the letter. 

' It appears from p. 7 that D. F. reached London 3 March, 1653-4, and left 29 Jnly* 
1654. He returned to London 6 Nov. of the same year and returned home on 
the a5th of the following January. Most of the items are of expenses in London. 

* See Appendix B. 

* The Bloody Vision of John Farly, Interpreted by Arise Evans. With Another 
Vision signifying peace and happiness, Both which Shew remarkable Alterations 
speedily to come to pass here in England : Shewing A Refutation of a Pamphlet, 
lately published by one Aspinwell, called A Brief discription of the fifth Monarchy ; 
Shewing that 'the late Parliament was the Beast mentioned Rev. 13. that this 
Representative is the Image thereof, and that the fifth Monarchic will shortly be 
established in the Person of Charles Stewart. Printed in the year. 1653. Small 8vo. 
7a pages with Title and 14 pages of Preface signed, Arise Evans, from Long-Ally 
in Black-Friers Sep. the 13. 1653. (BodL) 



THE FLEMINGS JN OXFORD 73 

13 Paid for a cop. of my Pedigree . . .01-00-00 

1 4 for Herberts Hen: 8 ' 00-05-00 

for Daniel's Hist * 00-03-00 

ts spent with my Co. Lowih ' . , . , 00-01-00 
32 for a whissle with ye abatem' of I" 6 . . 00-12-06 

for a Dancing-ixioke ' 00-03-06 

for Hayward's Hen: 4*11' . . . . 00-oa-oo 
for 2 harden - baggs ' , . . .00-00-06 

39 Given in whole foryeCop-of Rydall SuA-ey'. 00-06-00 

3 spent with Mr Houghton ' . . . .00-00-04 

4 for Mounmouth's Baron-warres i & 2 vol. ' . 00-08-00 



' Tht life ud itigne of King Henry the Eighth by ICdwar^ Herbert, Baron 
' ' rt of Cheibury, was published Lund. fot. 1649. It was eventtiBlly incoipor- 
lltd to the complete History oi Eaglond, pablished in 1 706, uadei the editorship 
td John Hughes, which geoerally goes tiy the name of Bp. White Kenactl, who 
irrotc the third rolnme. 

* The CoUcrtion of the History of England : by S. D. I.ondon, Printed for 
Simon Watersoo, 1616, otherwise. The Collection of the Hitlorie of EngUijd. 
umuioiDg briefly the epeciall affaires of the Government ; compiled bySamTcl 
Dxaiel, one of the Groomes of the Queenes Maiestie's moat Honourable Prinie 
Giambet. The Bodleian copy which is in folio ends with the Life and Raigne of 
Edward the third. Bonnd up with it it The ConttnaatioD by John Trussel] ' ending 
where the hononrable Vicoont Saint Albones began with the Life of Henry the 
trrCDth.' London 163G. Mr. Lee in his life of Daniel in D. /f. B. says the fir^t 
part bringing the work down to the end of Stephen's reign wai issned by Nicholas 
Okesin 1 611, and republished in iGi.t; and was continued to the end of Edward HI 
and published by Nicholas Okei in 1617. The British Museam has no copy 

1701, when with Herbert's Henry VIII and Bacon's Henry VII u 
I tncoiporated bj John Hoghes in White Kcnncft's Complete History of 

' TUl would probably be the second Itoronet of Lowther, John, grandson of the 
s one of the Councell at Yorke in ordinarie for the Northern parts 
If Ike fcmlm and of Eleanor, the * oald Lady Lowtber ' of p. 37 wliere see n. a. He 
HM be D. F.'s second cousin, and at this time about j6 yeais of age. 
_'■ £7- 

* Tbe Em part of the Life and raigne of Henrie the IIII, extending to the first 
* of hii raigne. Written by I. H. London 4(0, 1 509. Imprinted at London 

|r John Wolfe, and are to be sold at his shop in Popeahead Alley, neeie to the 
The dedication to Robert Earl of Essex is signed I. Haywarde. 

* Bags made of harden, a coarse fabric made itota the hards or coarser parts of 
z or hemp. 

* See Appendix A. 

* The Houghtons or Hoghtons as a recnsont bmily had a good deal to do with 
c Committee for Compounding (see Cal. passim). The only family mentioned 

n the Rydal papers with whom they seem to have bad afliDity are the Bradshaws, 
fas whom see D. 4, p. 7, 

* Aa History of the Civill Warres of England Bctweene the two Kod*» oI 



74 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

for St Tha Moore's Edw: 5 & Rich, 3* . 00-01-06 

10 for Selden's Titles of Honour * . . .00-03-00 

for Camden's £liz. in English in 2 vol: ' • • 00-06-00 

for a Bible for my Brother Ro: Fie: * . . 00-05-00 

13 for Shepheard's Court-keepers guid ' . • 00-01-04 

14 for Godwins Hen. 8, Edw 6. & Q. Ma, • . 00-02-00 



Lancaster and Yorke. Written in Italian in three Volumes by Sir Francis Biondi, 
Knight, Gentleman of the Privie Chamber to his Majesty of Great Britaine. 
Englished by the Right Hononrable Henry Earle of Monnmonth, in two Volumes. 
Imprinted at London by T. H. and I. D. for John Benson, and are to be sold at his 
Shop in Saint Dnnstans Churchyard, 1641. (The second volume in 1646.) 

^ Sir Thomas More. The Historic of the Pittiful Life and unfortunate death 
of Edward the fifth and the then Duke of Yorke his brother; with the troublesome 
and tyrannical government of usurping Richard the third, and his miserable end. 
T. Payne and sold by M. Young : London, 1 641. i a^ pp. 461 . (Brit. Mns. Cat.) 

' Titles of Honor by John Selden. London by William Stansby for John Helme, 
and are to be sold at his shop in S. Dunstans Churchyard, 1614. 4^ The second 
edition was published in folio, 1631. 

' Annales, the true and royall History of . . . Elizabeth Queene of England, etc. 
(1558 to 1588 inclusive, being the first three parts of Camden's Annales remm 
Anglicarum, etc. translated from the French version of P. D[e] B[elligent] by 
A. Darde.) (Tomus alter et idem • . . containing a memoriall of the affaires 
of state . . . since the Spanish invasion to her dissolution [1589-1603. Being the 
fourth part of Camden's Annales, etc. translated by T. Browne ] Whereunto 
is annexed an appendix.) a tom. London, i6a5-a9. 4^ (British Mus. Cat) 
There is another translation, William Camden. Annals ; or the historic of . . . 
Elizabeth, late Queen of England . . . Translated into English by R. N[oiton?] 
Gent. Together with divers Additions of the Authors never before published. 
The third edition. London, 1635, foL [Brit Mus. Cat] The ' in a voL : ' shows 
that the former work was the one bought by D. F. 

* See n. 5, p. 5. 

' The Court-Keepers Guide : or, A plaine and fiBimiliar Treatise, needfull and 
usefull for the helpe of many that are imployed in the Keeping of Law-dayes, 
or Courts Baron. Wherein is largely and plainly opened the Jurisdiction of these 
Courts, with the learning of Mannors, Copyholds, Rents, Harriots and other 
Services and advantages belonging unto Mannors, to the great profit of Lords 
of Mannors, and owners of these Courts. The fourth Edition with Additions 
by the Author William Sheppard, Esq.; sometimes of the Middle- Temple. 
London. Printed by J. G. for M. M. Gabriel Bedel, and Thomas Collins, and are 
to be sold at the Middle-Temple-gate, in Fleet Street. 1656. Small 8«. a54 pp. 
With Title. Dedication a pp. and Index 4 pp. (Bodl.). Brit Mus. has no earlier 
edition. 

* Francis Godwin successively Bishop of Llandaff and of Hereford, the author 
of De Praesulibus Angliae. Annales of England ; containing the Reignes of Heniy 
the Eighth, Edward the Sixt, Queen Mary. Written in Latin by . . . Francis, 
Lord Bishop of Hereford. Thus Engli^ied, corrected and inlarged ... by 
M. Godwyn. London, A. Islip.mnd W. Stansby; London, 1650, fol. [Brit 
Mai. Cat.] 



oo 


-02 


-01 


oo 


-00 


-04 


oo 


-05 


-00 


oo 


-o« 


-00 


oo 


-05 


-06 



for Bacon's Hen, 7.' .... 

1 7 Lost at Bowles 

10 for a Jualicies' 

for y« Practice of Cbanceiy ' A )* Min. And 
at for Shepheards Countrey Justice " 

for y" young Clearkes Guide ' 
22 sped with Will. Mawson' . 

Lent unto Mr Salkeld ' . . . 
s6 Given to y' two Dore-keepers at White-1 
27 for Willsons K. James ' 



' The Historie of ibe Riigoc of King Henry Ihe Seventh, Wiitlen by the 
Right Honoorable, Krancii, Lord VeiDlsm, Viscnaat St. AJban. Londoo. 
PriaUd bj W. StBDib; for Manben Lownes, and William Bacret, 1693. folio. 
M* pp. A second edition was publialied in 161% nod u third la 1641, both in 
fCiIio. It was also indudcd in the complete hisloiy of EngUmd, pabliihed 1706, 
ud aaaodated wilb the name of Bishop White Kenoelt. 

•Seen. s.p. M. 

* The Tractice of the High Court of Chancery, with the Nature of the several 
otRcci beloDgiog to that Court, and The Reports of many Cases wbcreio Relief 
Ititb been there had, and where deoycd. London, Printed for Abel Ropei at tbe 
Si|[n of the Sun in Fleet Street against Si, Dumtan! Churtb. The Bodleian 
Cop7 is dated 1671, bat the Uiitiib Mu!>eum has one dated 1652. 

* See Additional Notes. 

* The Whole Office o( the Conatiy Justice of Peace. Wherein is plainly set down 
an tbefr Power and Duty both in, and out of the Quarter Sessions. With the 
OnUnances and Acts of this present Parliament abridged, Ihal any way concenieth 

I tfwtr Power. In two Books. Tbe lAird editioo corrected, and with many practicall 
I Addttiona Enlarged. By William Shepherd Enj, ; Sometime of the Middle-Temple. 
I-ondoQ. Printed for W. Lee, D. Pakemiu, G. Bedell. And are to be sold 
tt their shops in Fleelstreet. 165S. Small S°. The two parts have separate 
titles and pagination, j titles. Dedication 1 pages. To Ihe Reader 10 pages. 
iMpsges. lodes to first part 11 pages. Contents of second part 1 pages, itipages. 
lodea to second part 8 pages, (Bodl.) The Brit. Mas. has second edition, 1651. 
' Theie is a Complete Clerk and Scrivener's Guide, 4°, 1655; and a Young 
Clerk*! Compartion, London 11°, 1677, in the British Museum Catalogue. This 
book might have been an earlier edition of one of these. In any case il 
1 probably a manual of drafts and precedents of the commonest legal 

1. 4, p, 50, 

• John Salkeld cnl^ Qoeen's Coll. as commoner Ter. Pas, 7 May, 1655, subscribed 
ft Nor- l<Ssj : entered Gny's Inn 4 Mar. i6f £-6 as son and beirof John of Threp- 
tnd, ComlieiUnd, esq. He died unmarried before 1GG5. He was connected with 
li>, F. tbropgh the Fletchers, his wife't family. 

T * The History of Great Britain, being the Life and Reign of King James the 
' Pint, relating what passed from his first Accesse to the Crown, till his Death. 
B; Anhui Wilson, Esq. London. Printed for Richard Lownds, and are to be 
•oM at the Sign of the White Lion near Saint Paul's little North dore. 1653. 
Sn«Il folio, (Bodl.) 



^6 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

for Wilkinsons oflSce of a Sherife * . .00-02-06 
for the La3anan8 lawyer' ». . . . 00-01-06 
spent with S"^ Wil. Lawsons man* . . 00-01-00 

29 Payd for a Weekes Commons - . .00-08-00 

30 for y« Academic of Eloquence * . . . 00-01-04 
May 6 Given unto Mr Povey • for y« draw* of my Bill 

of Rev* who lives in Church yard aUey ^ 01-00-00 
8 for y« changeing of 2 peices of gold . . 00-01-00 
for y« Dictrine of y« Bible • . . . .00-01-00 
Given unto Mr Churchill • for y« puseing of 

my Bill of Revivour • . . .01-00-00 

* A Treatise collected out of the Statutes of this Kingdom, and according 
to common experience of the Lawes, concerning the office and Authoritie of 
Coroners and Sherifes : Together With an easie and plain method for the Keeping 
of a Court Leet, Court Baron, and Hundred Court, &c. By John Wilkmson of 
Bamards' Inne, Gent London, Printed for the Companie of Stationers. 161 8. 
Cum Priuilegio. (S^ Bodl.) * See Additional Notes. 

' The associations of D. F. with Sir Wilfred Lawson must have been rather 
painful (see n. 6, p. 7), but he seems to have visited Isel in November, 1653, and 
was connected with the Lawsons through the Hudlestones (see n. 8, p. 5). 

* The Academic of Eloquence, containing a complete English Rhetorique 
exemplified with Ccmmcn places and Formes digested into an easie and methodical 
way to speak and write fluently, according to the mode of the present times, 
together with Letters, both Amorous and Moral, upon emergent occasions, 1654, 
(? 39 Jan. 1653) often reprinted ; a book * specially intended ' for the youth of both 
sexes by Thomas Blount, the author of Ancient Tenures. {D, N, B^ s.v.) 

' Perhaps Thomas Povey who entered Gray's Inn, i Nov., 1633, as gent, second 
son of Justinian P., one of the Auditors of the King's Exchequer. He had 
a brother John of the Middle Temple, for whom see CcU, of Ccmm, for Comp. 
2481, and there was another John Povey son and h. of John of Woodnesse, Salop, 
gent, who entered Gray*s Inn la Feb., 1637-8. This seems however to have been 
a scrivener, rather than a barrister, as Mr. Churchill revises his work. 

* Reviving is a word metaphorically applied to rents and actions, and signifieth 
a renewing of them, after they be extinguished : no lesse than if a man, or other 
living creature should be dead, and restored to life. (Cowel, Interpreter, s.v.) 
See Appendix A. 

^ Church Vard Alley, Upper Thames Street, close by London Bridge. Pepys 
(15 Aug., 1665) met there <to my great trouble/ ' a dead corps of the plague,* 
having landed at the stairs close by. 

■ The Doctrine of the Bible ; or Rules of Discipline, Brieflie gathered through 
the whole course of the scripture, by way of questions and answers. Printed by 
R. Braddocke, for T. Pavier : London, 1606. 8*. There are 23 editions mentioned 
in the British Museum Catalogue. The 34th edition was published in 1726 and 
there are two mentioned as appearing in the 19th century. It appeared in 8**, 
lamo, 24ma 

* Probably Winston, afterwaids Sir Winston, of St. John's College, Oxford, 
matriculated 8 April, 1636, aged 16; bar. at law Lincoln's Inn, 1652, father of 
John, first duke of Marlborough. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 77 

9 TothiDs chancery transactions ^ • • • 00 - 01 - 00 

10 for a black lead-pen 00-00-02 

la for two Rowles of Diapalma* . .00-02-00 

20 for Helvicus Chronology ' . • . .00-05-00 

for Curia Politiae ^ 00-05-00 

a 4 for y^ Parishioners of Gresmire their Caveat ' 00-01-00 

27 for a Bible . 00 — 05-00 

for Culpeppers English-phisition ' • .00-04-00 
for my Lady Kents booke ^ . . • .00-02-00 
for Verstegan ' 00-01-06 

^ Tothill's Tnnsactions of the High Court of Chancery, both by practice and 
pi^eoedent ; with the Fees thereunto belonging, and all special orders in extra- 
Ofdinaxy cases. London, 1649. i^nio. (WAtXs, BM. Bri/t,, s,yr,) 

* A desiccating or detersive plaster, composed originally of pahn oil, litharge, 
and salphate of rinc, now of white wax, emplastnim simplex, and snlphate of sine. 
(Mmmy, s.v.) 

' Theatmm Historicnm, sive Chronologic Syttema Novum » , , k Reverendo et 
Exodlentissimo Viro Dn. Christophoro Helvico, SS. TheoL D. 1629. Marpurgi 
Cattomm, Typis et Sumptibus Nicolai Hampelii. (folio Bodl.) The first 
editioii was published at Giessen in 1609. It does not teem to have been trans* 
kted into English before 1687. 

* Cuiia Politiae : or the Apologies of several Princes justifying to the World 
their Most Eminent Actions: by the Strength of Reason, and the most Exact 
Rules of Policy. Written in French by the Acurate Pen of Monsieur de Scudery, 
Governor of Nostre-Dame. And now faithfully Render'd into English. W*ith 
the Figures of many Emperors and Kings. The Qaeen*s College Copy is — London , 
Printed for Robert Boulter at the Turk's Head in Comhil against the Royal 
Exchange, 1673. The British Museum Catalogue has however two copies of an 
edition published by H. Moseley in 1654, ^^^ gives the name of the translator as 
E Wolley. 

* Gresmere or Grasmere, as we now call it, the lake of the Grise, or wild 
swine, was a chapel of Kendal and since 16 Eliz. the patronage belonged to the 
Flemings. This may have been an ecclesiastical move on the part of the 
parishioners, or possibly, though less likely, a question of manorial rights. In 
1(^5 Henry Wilson the then minister of Gresmere is stigmatised as ' a notorious 
malign^ and articled ag^ at Pari',' and in 1647-8 William Kempe was nomin- 
ated to Gersmore. (Shaw's Church under the Commonwealth, ii. 370, 349.) 
A Caveat is a process in court (originally in ecclesiastical courts) to suspend pro- 
ceedings ; a notice given by some party to the proper officer not to take a certain 
step until the party gi\'ing the notice has been heard in opposition. (Murray, s.v.) 

* An earlier copy of Culpepper's Book had been bought by D. F. 9 March, 
1653-3, see p. 47 and n. 4 there. Perhaps he had left it in the north, or wanted to 
give it as a present to some one. He paid 2s, for it then. 

' The Lady of Kent ; A choice manuall of all rare and select secrets in Physick 
and Chyrurgery, with the rare virtues of the Gascoin powder, and Lapis contra 
Yarvam, with exquisite waies of preserving, conserving, candying, &c. 24**. 
(In London's Catalogue, 1658.) 

* The Restitution of Decayed Intelligence in Antiquities concerning the English 



78 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

Given unto my Lord Bramston ^ • • . oi > oo - oo 

29 for my Mothers resignation * . . .00-07-00 
for Mr Watsons warrant • • • . . 00 - oi - 00 
for y« helpe to English historie ^ . • . 00-02-00 

30 Lost at Bowles 00-01-00 

31 for a peice of blacke ribband . • . 00-15-00 
for watering * thereof 00-00-06 

June 2 For y« carrying of a Boxe unto th' Kendal 

can* 00-00-08 

Payd unto Mr Fleming^ in y« Chancery in full 

of all due unto him vid: note . . 01-06-00 

Nation, by Richard Rowlands, alias Verstegen, published at Antwerp, 1605, 4to, 
dedicated to James I ; a summary of the early invasions of Great Britain, the 
formation of its languages, snmames, and other matters. He was of Ch. Ch. 
Richard Rowlands, servant to Mr. Barnard, and dropped his English name on 
proceeding to Antwerp, where he set up a printing-press, and assumed that of his 
maternal grandfather. (See D.N^,, s.v.) 

There does not seem to have been ever a Lord Bramston. The person here 
referred to maybe Sir John Bramston (x577'-i654), knighted 24 Nov., 1634, ^^'^^ 
justice of the King's Bench 1635, ^^'^ ^^ the judges who decided in favour of the 
lawfulness of ship-money. His patent wa^s revoked 164a. Attempts were made 
to the end of his life to induce him to declare in favour of the parliament, and he 
was voted a commissioner of the great seal and a judge of the Common Pleas, but 
he does not appear to have acted in any of these capacities. 
' See Appendix A. 

* See Additional Notes. 

* A help to English history containing A succession of all the Kings of England, 
the English Saxons, and the Britans ; the Kings and Princes of Wales, the Kings 
and Lords of Man, the Isle of Wight, as also Of all the Dukes, Marquesses, Earls, 
and Bishops thereof, with The Description of the places from whence they had 
their titles ; oontinued with a supplement, and enlarged with the names and ranks 
of the Viscounts and Barons to the year, 165a. London, Printed for Abel Roper 
at the Sun over against S. Dunstans Church in Fleet-Street, 1652. The first edition 
published in 1641 is said by Halkett and Laing (col. 1083) to be by Robt Hall, 
Gent. It was really by Peter Heylyn, whose name Halkett and Laing say is in the 
second edition published 1652, but I cannot find it nor Hallos in the copy of that 
edition in Queen's College Library. Wood {Ath,^ iii. 560) says Heylyn's name was 
first put by Wilkinson to the 1670 edition. It is certainly in a 1709 edition also 
in the college library. 

* To water, in this sense, is given in Ogilvie's Imperial Dictionary as ' to subject 
to a calendering process, as silk, &c., in order to make it exhibit a variety of 
undulated reflections and plays of light ; to diversify as if with waves.* The 
process is described in the Encyclopadia Briiannica^ Ninth Edition, vol. iv. s.v. 
Calender. 

* The Kendal carrier, i.e. Peter Bumyeat, see n. 4, p. 15. 

^ Mr. Fleming, probably John, see below, July 3, and above, note 4, p. 69. He was 
next brother to D. F.'s father and died unmarried. We shall have letters addressed 
to him further on. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 79 

6 Lent unto Fatricke' 00-05-00 

8 far a poire of wosted stockings 00-05-06 

ID far sweet powther 00-00-06 

14 fast at Bfljards 00 - 00 -<- 08 

16 spent widi my Co: Colfingwood'etc . 00-01-04 

17 Given to D. L. ' upon a barg for sledgemg * . 00-00-06 
23 for a sOver issue plate * for mj mother . 00-04-00 

For 2 of mj Ladj Kaits Bookes * .00-04-00 

for y^ Cop. of Fra. Bindlosse Allowance ' 00-03-06 

a6 for Cookes Copiholder' • .00-02-04 

27 for a cop. of y Refferees names concerning 

Wallas* 00-01-06 

28 for Shepheards Common Assorances '* . • 00-06-00 
30 Given mito Mr Booth " at Whitehall . • 00-02-06 



' From below, 13 July, it appemrs that this was the name of D. F.*s tailor. 

* L e. Geocge, for whom see n. 9, p. 10. 

' PnbMj Dick Lamplngh, for whom see n. a, p. 45. 

* Probably hammering with a sledge (hammer). The sense of riding in a sleigh 
or fledge is preclnded by the time of year. 

• See Additional Notes. • See n. 7, p. 77. 

* See Appendix A. This is Francis, of Wherwell« Hants, second son of Sir 
FraodSy Bart., and grandson of the Sir Robert, of Borwick Hall in Lancashire, 
whose sister Agnes was second wife of William Fleming of Rydal (died 1601), and 
modier of John Fleming of Rydal, high sheriff of Lane. 8« Jac. Regis, who died 
a7 Feb., 1643, and grandmother of William Fleming, who died la May, 1649, on 
whose death Rydal came to D. F.*s father, and of Lady Crosland and Mrs. Colling- 
wood, see n. 3, p. 6. 

• The Compleate Copy- Holder. Wherein is contained a Learned Discourse of 
the Antiquity and Nature of Manors and Copy-Holds. With all things thereto 
incident. As Surrenders, Presentments, Admittances, Forfeitures, Customes, &c. 
Necessary, both for the Lord and Tenant. Together, with the forme of Keeping 
a Copy-hold Court, and Court Baron. By Sir Edward Coke, Knight. London, 
Printed by T. Cotes, for W. Cooke, and are to be sold at his Shop, at Fumivalls- 
Inne Gate in Holbome. 1641. 

• James Wallas, of Knaresdale, Northumberland, was a petitioner before the 
Committee for Compounding between 1653 and 1654 (Ca/. 0/ Comm, for Comp., 
3027). There may have been some resemblance between his case and D. F.*s 
which made some enquiry into it useful. 

*® There are three books of William Sheppard, Serjeant at law, with Common 
Assurances in the title. This is probably The Touchstone of Common Assurances; 
or, a plain and familiar treatise, opening the learning of the common assurances or 
conveyances of the Kingdonie. By W. Sheppard [or Sir J. Doddridge?] London 
1648. 4<'. It ran to several editions. The eighth was edited by E. G. Atherley 
in i8a6. His Law of Common Assurances, and The President of Presidents, seem 
both to have been published later. 

^ Perhaps one of the two doorkeepers referred to above a6 April. 



8o THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

Given unlo Mr HoUawwell^ • . .00-01-00 
for two Holland halfe-shirts • • . .01-04-06 
for a paire of lane-stockings * . . .00-05-00 
J uly 3 Spent at y« meeting at Mr Jo: Flemings * lodg 00 - oa - 00 
6 for Sheppard's faithfull Counsellor^ i & 2 pt 00-07-06 
for Gods Arrow ag* Atheists • . . . 00 - oi - 00 

8 for Balzaks letters * 00-03-06 

spent in goeing unto Tradeskins ^ . .00-04-06 

II for a belt for an Hanger • for Mr J. K.* 00-03-06 

13 Paid unto Patricke ^® for my blacke suite, my 
Coate &c. And allowed unto him what 
he above borrowed 5» 6d . . . 03-12-00 
for 8 yards of stuffe for a Gowne for my 

Sister Issabel Fie: ** . • . .01-05-00 

for a hatch*d " sword 00-18-06 

for a fowling-peice 01-06-06 

1 7 Spent with M" F. D. & S^ G. F. " . . 00 - 01 - 06 

18 for a paire of Boddyes for my mother • . 00-12-00 



^ Perhaps the other doorkeeper. 

' i. e. lawn or linen. Dr. H. Bradley has not seen lane for lawn so late as this 
date, bat it was certainly so nsed in the sixteenth century. There is no eridence 
that lane was ever used in English for lana, or laine, wool. 

* See n. 7, p. 78. 

* The Faithful Councellor, or the Marrow of the Law in English ; shewmg how 
any action may be warrantably laid in the Common Law, for relief in most cases ; 
in 2 parts Lond. 165 1-4 a vols 4to. (Watts* BibL Brit,, s.v. Sheppard, William, 
Serjeant at Law.) 

* God's Arrow against Atheists, by Henry Smith, 'silver-tongued Smith,* 
lecturer at St. Clement Danes, first published 1593 ; often reprinted, and with his 
Sermons so lately as 1866. 

* The letters of Jean Louis Guez, sieur de Balzac, were translated in four parts, 
the first by W. T. (Tirwhyt or Tyrwhitt) Lond. 1634; the second and third by 
Sir R. Baker, London, 1638 ; the fourth by F. R, Oxiford, 1639. '^^^ ^^^ parts 
were collected into one volume, London, 1654. 

'' See n. 5, p. 60. 

* A kind of short sword, originally hung on the belt. (Murray, s.v.) 

* i.e. John Kirkby, see n. 5, p. 4. 
" See n. i, p. 79. 

" See n. i, p. 38. 

*' To hatch is according to Murray, s. v., to ' inlay with narrow strips or lines of 
a different substance ; to lay strips or plates of gold or silver in or on a substance 
by way of ornament.' 

" Mrs. F. D. is probably Frances, daughter of Sir George Dalston of Dalston, 
knt., and sister of Sir Geor)^ Fletcher's mother. S* G. F. is of course Sir Geoige 
Fletcher, D. F.'s brother-in-law, for whom see n. i, p. 5. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



8i 



»9 
20 

ai 

July a a 



24 



26 



for a silver Cawl & Rowl * for my sister 

For a black Cawl & Rowl Maiy Rygby* 

for a yard of All a mode ' • 

for 2 taffaty-capps ^ . . . 

for a Ring ennameU'd at ye cover'd cup in 

Holbume* .... 
for a pocket brass-pistol! &, mowlds 
for a paire of shoes & golosses ' . 
spent in smith-feill^ . 
Paid unto M' Kid* for ye makeing 

sisters gowne 
for a suite of linnen for my sister . 
spent with S' G. F. at Shelsey • &c. 
spent at y^ Tower 
for I pt of Brownlows Reports '• . 
for my Ryding Hatt & band 



of my 



00 
00 
00 
00 

00 
00 
00 
00 

00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 



03 
03 

05 
09 

08 
06 
08 
01 

05 

05 
02 

01 

03 
15 



03 

03 
00 

06 

00 
06 
00 
00 

00 
00 
06 
00 
00 
00 



^ A caul was a kind of dose-fitting cap, worn by women ; a net for the hair ; 
a netted cap or head-dress, often richly ornamented. (Murray, s. v.) Dr. Mnrray 
also informs me that a roll was part of the head-dress of a woman, a rounded 
cushion or mass usually laid above the forehead, especially in the seventeenth 
centaxy. He also kindly refers me to Halliwell, who quotes from Sir T. Elyot 
(1559), ' the heare of a woman that is layed over her forehead, gentilwomen did 
lately call them their rolles ' as a rendering for antia, which Du Cange explains 
from Festus as Mnliebres capilli demissi in frontem and from old Greek glosses 
as Tpix** ^ fJiMTo^h rSjv ictftdroav rSjv fioSiv, 

* Probably Mary, eldest sister of the Alexander Rigby who married Anna 
Birch, and for whom see n. 4, p. 35. She would be at this time about 2 1 years 
of age. 

' See n. 7, p. 6a. 

* Taffeta is a fine, smooth, glossy stuff of silk. 
' See Additional Notes. 

* Goloshes in the sense of overshoes is found quite early in the seventeenth 
century (see Murray, s.v.). James Master, of Scadbury, in Chislehurst, paid, 
16 January, 1646-7, * For a pa. of boots with goloshooes 00-16-00.' (See 
Arthaologia Cantiana^ vol. xv. p. i6a.) His expenses resemble D. F.*s in many 
particolars. See Appendix C. 

^ Smithfield as the site of a market, of Bartholomew fair, and of a place of 
execution was much resorted to and had many inns. Evelyn (10 May, 1653) 
' passing by Smithfield, saw a miserable creature burning who had murder'd her 
husband' ; and Pepys (ii Dec. 1668) went there to buy his coach-horses. 

' See Additional Notes. 

* i. e. Chelsea. 

*• This is probably Reports, of diverse choice cases in law, taken by R. B[rownlow] 
and J. G[ouldsborough] with directions how to proceed in many intricate actions, 
&c. Matthew Walbancke: London, 1651. 4® {firit, Mus. C(U,) D. F. buy? the 
second part later, p. 90, n. 4. 

G 



8a THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

for a St Martins hat band * . . . . oo - oi - 08 

Given unto Mr Latch • concerning Gratmer . 00-01-00 

?7 Spent with Mr Morgan • . . . .00-01-00 

28 Paid unto Mr Hervey for Mr Harrison * . 01-02-00 

29 Put into a common purse at St Albans * 00-10-00 
Paid at Stonistratford for ye mending of 

a pistol! 00-00-06 

Aug. 6 Given at Heskin • 00-02-06 

Paid my Co: Dicconson • for a Mair . . 13-00-00 

7 Paid unto Heddack ^ ye carrier for his horse . 01-00-00 
paid for y« carryage of a Truncke and a boxe 

beeing both of them 166 pounds weight 01-00-00 

8 Given at Euxton" 00-02-06 

1.0 Given at Pendle • 00-01-06 

for our dinners at Gigglewick " . .00-02-00 

1 1 For ourselves & horses Kirkby lownsdale ** . 00 - 03 - 06 

At Kendall for ourselves . . . .00-01-04 
II To y« Boateman at Winendenneer " . 00-00-06 

17 Paid my Vncle Jo: Kirkby to may stright 

some reckonings betwixt us vid: note . 00-01-06 

18 for a pound of tobacco for Snap " . . 00-01-08 
27 Given unto my Brother Roger at Yan" in 

Gold 01-00-00 

* There were hatbands of various kinds with special names. The cable hat-band, 
the Rome hat-band, the Cypresie hat-band are all mentioned in Fairholt's 
Cyclopadia of Costum^^ s. v., but he can only conjecture their nature. Above, 
p. 57, D. F. had bought 10 June, 1653, a mourning hatt-band, and p. 64, 14 Sept. 
of same year, a Currle Hatt-band. 

* See n. i, p. 49. » See n. i, p. 63. 

* See n. 2, p. 67. 

* Here begin the accounts of the journey described in n. 4, p. ^7. 

* See n. 6, p. 5. ^ See Additional Notes. 
' See n. 4, p. a. •See Additional Notes. 

*° Giggleswick, three quarters of a mile west by north of Settle, in West York- 
shire. There is a grammar school here of the foundation of Edward VI. It is on 
the direct road from York to Lancaster. 

^' Kirkby Lonsdale in Westmorland on the borders of Lancashire. Here is 
a grammar school of the foundation of Queen Elizabeth. It is reached from 
Giggleswick by quitting the road from York to Lancaster near Hornby Castle and 
striking northwards, or more directly by Ingleton. 

^* This was probably at the ferry just south of Bowness, the way from Kendal to 
Hawkshead and Coniston. At this place forty-eight men and women and nine 
horses were drowned 19 October, 1635, ^7 ^^^ upsetting of ihe ferr}' boat. 

^' See Additional Notes. 

** i. e. Yanwith, see n. 7, p. 4. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 83 

31 Spent in my journey into Cumberland . 00-15-06 

S'^' 28 Given unto a man for y« showing of Yorke- 

Minster 00-01-06 

30 for Wharton's Ahnanacke^ the maximes of 

y« Lawe * : Compleat Lawyer. • . . 00-03-00 

Nov. 8 for Daltons Countrey Justice * . . .00-04-06 

9 for 3 yards of blew Tabbie • . . .01-07-00 

10 for a quart of sacke at Tho: Whartons • . 00 - oa - 00 

Lost at Cards there 00-05-00 

for a paire of blew silke-slopps ^ . . 00-08-00 

for a paire of white wosted-hose . . .00-07-06 
for a paire of white wosted-stirreps • . . co - 02 - 06 

' Sir George Wharton (1617-81), first baronet, issned under the anagram of 
George Naworth an almanac for 1641. The little volume proved the first of 
a series which Wharton published year by year onder various titles until 1666, 
excepting only 1646. 

* A coUection of some principall Rules and Maximes of the Common Lawes 
of England, with their Latitude and Extent, Explicated for the more facile Intro- 
doction of such as are studiously addicted to that noble Profession. By Sir 
Franeb Bacon, then SoUicitor generall to the late renowned Qneene Elizabetli, 
and since Lord Chancellor of England. Orbe paruo sed non occiduo. London, 
Printed by the Assignes of John Moore Esq, Anno mdcxxx. Cum Privilegio. It 
is a small 4^ and is included with The Use of the Law also ascribed to Bacon in 
a Tolume to which a third title is prefixed The Elements of the Common Lawes 
of England. The two treatises are however separately paged, and D.F. may have 
purchased the first by itself. The Half title at the beginning of the text is The 
Maximes of the Law. It is in Queen's College Library. 

* This may be either Charles George Cocke's England's Complete Lawyer and 
Law Judge, of which the British Museum has no copy published earlier than 1656, 
or Edward Paxton's England's compleat Law Judge and Lawyer to which Watt 
and Allibone both give the date 1655. If the purchase was too early to be either 
of these, the Book may be Sir John Doddridge's English Lawyer, London, 163 1, 
4®, for which see below, n. 11, p. 94. 

* The Countrey Justice : Containing the Practice of the Justices of the Peace out 
of their Sessions. Gathered for the better help of Such Justices of Peace, as have 
not been much conversant in the Study of the Laws of this Realm. By Michnel 
Dalton of Lincolns-Inn, Esq. ; and one of the Masters in Chancery. It was first 
published in folio in London 161 8, other editions following in 16 19, 1630 and 
1655, *^*^ '^^^ thereafter often reprinted with additions. (Z>. N. B.^ s. v.) 

* Tabby is according to Webster a kind of waved silk, usually watered. It is 
manufactured like taffeta (see n. 4, p. 81), but is thicker and stronger. The watering 
is given to it by the calender (see n. 5, p. 78). 

* See n. 2, p. 35. 

' Slops according to Webster are trowsers, or drawers ; loose lower garments. 

* i. c. stirrup hose or stockings, high stockings turned over above the knee, worn 
in the reign of Charles II. Dr. Murray kindly refers me for description and 
pictures to Fairholt's Costume in Englemd (1861), p. 255. Halliwell quotes from 

G 2 



84 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



for a paire of pfum'd cordovant gloves ^ . 00-02-06 

for a bodie-belt besides y^ allowance of 4s for 

a black-fringed-belt . . • 00 

II for a peice of silver & gold Ribband 

For my morning draught . 

for a graine of sivet • •. 
13 spent with Mr Blencow* 

1 5 Spent with George Johnston * 

16 For a silver Hatband weighing 2 

20 Spent with S' W. D. » & S' G. F 

house 

21 Given unto the Musicke at S^ W. 
23 Spent with Mr Cunstable' . 

Given unto Revellers . 
27 For Diers Abridgment^ 
29 For Evans new booke • 



ounces 
at y« Play- 



D. 



01 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 

00 
00 
00 
00 
00 
00 



19 

13 
00 

00 

00 

01 

15 

15 
06 

01 

02 

01 

00 



00 
00 
06 

04 
10 

03 
00 

00 
00 
02 
06 
06 

03 



Holme < large stirop hose, or stockings, two yards wide at the top, with points 
through several i-let holes, by which they were made fast to the petticoat-breeches 
by a single row of pointed ribbons hanging at the bottom.' I owe this quotation 
to Mr. C. L« Stainer. 

^ Cordovant or cordovan, made of Spanish leather, prepared originaUy at Cordova, 
of goat skins tanned and dressed, bat afterwards frequently of split horse hides. 
(Murray, s.y., cf. Cord wain.) 

' More usually civet, a precious grease or humour derived from the civet-cat 
(Viverra dvetta), with a strong musky smell, used in perfumery. (Murray, s. v.) 

' Christopher Blencow, of Blencow, £sq., must at this time have been between 
50 and 60 years of age. His eldest son was less than 10 years of age. They 
were connected with the Sandfords of Howgill Castle, where D. F. and his wife 
spent the first day after their marriage, see p. 9, and note 5 there. Blencow's 
mother was sister to Sir Thomas Sandford's father. 

* Sir George Fletcher's servant, see n. i, p. 5. 

* Sir William Dalston, created Baronet by Charles I, brother of Sir George 
Fletcher's (Sr G. F.) mother, son of Sir George Dalston of Dalston, for whom see 
n. 2, p. 29. 

* D. F.'s connexion with the Constable family would be through the Dalstons 
of Acombank. Bridget, his wife's sister, married Christopher Dalston, whose 
father, John, had a sister Barbara married to James Bellingham of Levens, whose 
mother was Susan daughter of Marmaduke Constable, of Wassand, in Holderoess, 
CO. York. 

^ An exact abridgement in English of all the reports of . . . Sir James Dyer 
(Lord Chief Justice of the Court of Common Pleas) . . . composed by Sir T. 
Ireland . . . with a perfect table to the same, being a perfect abstract of every 
particular case. London, 1651, 8*. (Brit, Mus. Cat.) 

* This would be either Brief Description of the Fifth Monarchy, published in 
i<^53> or The Voice of Michael the Archangel to his Highness the Lord Protector, 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 85 

30 For Perkins* in English • • .00-01-08 

for y« lettering of Taylors Ho: Liveing ' . 00-00-02 

Dec. I Spent with S^ Tho. Dacres * . .00-02-04 

2 for a civett boxe 00-01-06 

for sheapheards parsons guide ^ . . .00-00-06 

4 for Hobarts Reports • 00-02-06 

5 spent in goeing unto a Play . .00-01-04 

6 for a little truncke 00-02-06 

for a I> Taylors Golden Grove • for my selfe 00-01-00 



{mblisbed in 1654. The Author was Rhys or Rice or, as he called himself, 
Arise Eyans, whose Bloody Vision of John Farley D. F. had purchased earlier ; 
•ec n. 5, p. 72. 

^ A popular text-book written for law students by John Perkins or FILrkins. 
Its title is» as giren by Wood, * Pemtilis Tractatns sive explanatio quonindam 
capitnlomm valde necessaria,' but the first edition probably had no title-page. 
It was printed in 1530 in Norman-French. An English translation appeared in 
1642. (/?. N. B., 8. V.) 

' The Rule and Exercises of Holy Living, by Jeremy Taylor, afterwards 
bishop of Down and Connor, was published in lamo, 1650. It reached a four- 
teenth edition in 1686, and has beoi many times issued since both in England 
and in America. 

' Sir Thomas Dacres or Dacre belonged to an illegitimate branch of the 
Dacres of the North, which failed two generations later. He was great-grandson 
of the first of the branch, Sir Thomas Dacre of Lanercost, which at the dissolution 
of the religious houses was granted to him by Henry VIII. He was connected 
with the Flemings through the Bratbwaytes. Dorothy his wife was daughter of 
Sir Thomas Brathwayte of Warcop who was first cousin to Isabell, D. F.*s grand- 
mother. Sir Thomas Dacres may have been in London in connexion with the 
admission to Gray*s Inn of Henry, his second son and heir, which took place 22 
December, 1654. 

• The Parson's Guide or the Law of Tithes, London, 1654, 4° by William 
Sheppard, several other of whose books D. F. purchased. It is a pamphlet of 
32 pages. 

• The Reports of that Reverend and Learned Judge, the Right Honourable 
Sir Henry Hobart Knight and Baronet, (d. 1625) Lord Chief Justice of His 
Majesties Court of Common Pleas; and Chancellor to both Their Highnesses 
Henry and Charles, Princes of Wales. It was published in quarto in 1641, and 
subsequent editions appeared in 1650, 1671, 1678 (folio. Queen's College Library) 
sjid 1724. {D. N. B.J s. v.) 

• The Golden Grove, by Jeremy Taylor, afterwards bishop of Down and 
Connor, was published in 8vo. 1655, and republished enlarged with the title 
' A Choice Manual * in i2mo. 1677. ^^ ^^ * manual of devotional prose and verse, 
aad derives its name from the seat of Richard Vaughan, earl of Carbery, in the 
palish of Llanfihangel-Aberbythich, in Carmarthenshire, where Taylor lived as 
chaplain, from about 1645 to about 1654, keeping at the same time a school 
in conjonction with William Nicholson and William Wyatt, at Newton Hall in 
the Mune parish. 



86 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

for another for my Aunt Dudley * in Turkey- 
gilt* 00-02-I0 

7 for Dr Ridley, vew of y« Civill Law' . . oo - oi - lo 

8 To Mr Smith for his order for y® vacateing 

of Mr Morgan's Contract for Rydall &c. * 00-04-06 
for y« Mirror of Justice • . . . .00-01-04 
for two pounds of Spanish Tobacco . . 00-16-00 

9 for y« Hist, of Indep. • . . . .00-09-00 
1 1 for Windgates Abridgem* of y« Statutes ^ . 00-05-00 

13 for a bushell of Coales &c 00-03-00 

1 7 Spent with Tom. Whar. ' & Lee • & Spelman '® 00-02-02 

^ See n. 7, p. 4. 

' Mr. Fiowde kindly informs me that ' in Turkey-gilt ' onqnestionably means 
bonnd in red morocco with gilt tooling on the outside of the cover. The Turkey 
morocco used at present has been treated rather differently in preparation from 
that used in earlier times. The use of Turkey red morocco, he was informed by 
Mr. Pollard of the British Museum, was ' common in France from about 1560, but 
did not come into general use in England for nearly a century after that.' 

' A View of the Civile and Ecclesiasticall Law. And wherein the Practice of 
them is streitned, and may be releeved within this Land. Written by Sr. Thomas 
Ridley knight, Doctor of the Civile Law. The Third Edition. London. Printed 
by John Dawson, 1 639. (Small 4^. Queen's College Library.) Dedicated to King 
James I and seems to have been published originally in 1607. 

^ See Appendix A, and n. i , p. 63. 

* The Booke called the Mirrour of Justices . . . with the book called the 
Diversity of Courts and their Jurisdictions. Both translated out of the old French 
... by W. H[ughes] of Grays Inne, Esquire, 1646 la®. {Brit, Mus, Cat,) 

• The History of Independency with The Rise, Growth, and Practices of that 
powerfull and restlesse Faction. London, Printed in the year 1648. A second 
Part under the Title of ' Anarchia Anglicana, or the History of Independency the 
Second Part, by Theodorus Verax,' was printed in the year 1649. The two parts 
were published together with a Preface and called ' Relations and Observations, 
Historical and Politick, upon the Parliament begun Anno Dom. 1640.' A third 
Part was published in 1660, and a Fourth Part by T. M. Esq. in the same year. 

^ An exact abridgement of all Statutes in force and use : upon the 4th day of 
January, in the year of our Lord 16^. Faithfully extracted out of the said 
Statutes, from the beginning of Magna Carta : to the said time, and Alphabeti- 
cally digested under apt Titles. Whereunto is also annexed, a perfect Table, which 
may serve as a Concordance, for the ready discovery of any materiall clause 
throughout the said Statutes. By Edm. Wingate, of Grayes Inne, Esq. London: 
Printed by R. & W. Leyboum, and are to be sold by Henry Twiford in Vine 
Court, Middle Temple, and Roger Wingate at the Golden Hinde in Chancery 
Lane neer Lincolns Inne, MDCLV. (Sm. 8<^. Queen's College Library.) 

• See n. a, p. 25. 

* There was a Thomas Lee, third son of Richard Lee, of Langley, Salop, Bart, 
who entered Grays Inn 23 June, 1648, in the same year as Wharton ; or this may be 
William Lee, eldest son of William, late of Oswestry, Salop, gent, deceased, who 
entered Gray*s Inn 23 December, 1651. ^* See n. 5, p. 67. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 87 

18 for two poak-mantos 00-13-06 

23 for ye topickes of ye Law *. . . .00-01-10 
Paid unto Mr Rich: Lamplugh * for my Aunt 

Kirkby * in Lumbard street . . . 00 - 1 3 - 00 

iob«r 23-54 for Cooke upon Magna-Charta * . 00 - 1 1 - 00 

For Finches Law * 00-02-06 

for y« retume of CoUingwood's AUack • . 00-01-00 

Given unto Wiggens ^ boyes for their boxe 00-01-00 

24 to a Torch boye 00-00-02 

26 for y« seeing of y« Lion & ye Lamb •• . . 00-00-04 

for Godbolts Reports * . . .00-04-06 

* Pkobably, Topicks in the Uws of Englaiid, contalDing media, apt for argument 
and icaoliitioo of law cases : also an exposition of screnll words, not touched by 

gUwaries. London : 1646. 8*. The Dedication is signed J. C. and it is 
hf Halkett and Laing and the British Mosenm Catalogue to John Claytoi., 
of the loner Temple. 

* Probably to be disdngnished from Dick Lamplogh, for whom see n. 3, p. 45, 
and in that case most likely Richard, third son of John Lamplogfa of Lamplogh and 
kis wife Hiiahrth, danghter of Sir Edward Mnsgrave, knight. He was connected 
with the Kiikbjs throogh a sister in law, Jane, danghter of Roger Kirkby and fir»t 
wife of Lamplngh's eldest brother John (for whom see n. 9, p. 5). 

' ^Agncs^ danghter of Sir John Lowther of Lowther, married Roger KirkU of 
K.xkby. bcDther of D. F.*s mother. Her eldest danghter was first wife of CoL John 
I ■^nriirgh of Lamplngh. The connexioo between the two may be thns ihovrn — 

Roger Kirkb% =p Agnes Lowther John Lamplogh =:: Elizabeth Moig-£v<; 

myAnnt Kirkby^ of I^mplc^fa • 

I 
(I J aac K irkhy = CcL John Lamplcgh =: ' 2 ) Frances, Laiiy k :cr;.i:/: 

Lo«ther Mr V.. 

z=. '3^ Fraz.c<:sLainpI:;gh Lic;.. ., ■ 

cf K.':*u,ti 

* Jaiciges ;pd^td cct of 'hr't own mocibes: cr the QuesCoc resolTed h,y Mi.-^ 
Charta . . . wzxi have icen £x-Lar.di Lxiemifs. KisgJ Sedticeri, as/: P-o;^^. 
t«S2-i7«rs sxta He::. Ill to He::, VIII ; arid iei'orc izd iince. i:ta:<d by -tr 
E- Ccke, ex^sczlaied izd p« to :ie rcce by J. Jcces, gcai. Wiiert^:^', ;* a.,/-^/. 
carat ccaerra^> Poca cf Law. execstahLe bT J^jcices of ±e Ftait. Loi . ,0 

• Law. ;r a Lraoccrie izjetct.c iz Fcor r»^iu, wrirtca in Frescfi oy Su' H^:::.'' 
Fiaci- A-.:^' Ha Ifajestv's acrcaat-ar-law. dooe ato Lo^lisa iy t::^ »-i .-.-.- 
asxniir.* acccared :i Lucd :: .n 1627, 9to. Aj a:i eapcsd>:»i ct liic C'-'..f&2i.',c -** 
FacL'i Law. as :£ was -alVr. was ccly mpenedefi by FJii'Tg-iTir'i O 



u ar as X ieali wiri ncn»cr:r:rr.i.r cci-r 17 ae zTcai w :rk ;c Aaacn 



/ r t - ' 






*=£« Vi rae c^r->cee«::z^ ws:>'3 SESCJ^ed ~ ^ %fla 
::« i mrfarnnimf, See A^cezuiiz A^. 

•es Arrrn-^^cal Nccea. ' 5ee Aiitf.rrxa ." N' .v , 

iu:p:jra zi :eru2 ^T.urt, arrsag :s ue i«r?tral O-^ort* ^' ioec-irl a: -•• vj:- 



88 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

for Marshs Slanders ^ . . * . .00-01-06 

for Plowdens Abridg * . . . . ,00-01-06 

Lost at Tables ' unto M» Ja. M. . * • 00-05-00 

27 for Cookes Pleas o' th' Crowne * . . . 00-05-00 

for Docter & Student • . . . ,00-01-06 

29 for Cookes Jurisd. of Courts • . . ,00-07-00 

for Marshes Abridgment of Brooke ^ , , 00-01-06 

minster . . . re-viewed . . . by . . . Justice Godbolt, etc. 1652. 4». {Brit, Mus, 
Cat.) 

^ ActioQS for Slander, or a Methodical Collection under certain Grounds and 
Heads of what Words are Actionable in the Law and what not, &c. ... to which 
is added Awards or Arbitrements Methodised under several Grounds and Heads 
collected out of our Year-Books and other Private Authentic Authorities, wherein 
is principally showed what Arbitrements are good in Law, and what not, London, 
1648, 8vo. By John March of Grayes Inn, Barrister. 

^ Abridgment de touts les cases reportez alarge per Monsieur Plowden, ones(g 
les Exceptions al pleadings & leurs Responses, les Resolutions des matters in Ley, 
Sl touts auters principal matters surdants sur les arguments de mesmes, Composee 
Cr digest }^T, A. Londini, In sedibus lanae Yetsweirt, Cum Priuilegio, T. A. is 
Thomas Ashe, for whom see n. 8, p. 89. There is no date to the Copy in the Queen's 
College library, which is lamo. and the text in black letter. It is dated by Mr. 
Thompson Cooper in D, N, B. 1607 ; and he says it was translated into English 
by Fabian Hicks, of the Inner Temple, London, 1650, 1659, i2mo. Mr. Lee gives 
1607 as the date for the second edition of Ashe's Abridgment and dates the first 
edition doubtfully 1600. 

' The old name for a backgammon-board. 

* The Third Part of the Institutes of the Laws of England : concerning High 
Treason, and other Pleas of the Crown, and Criminall causes . . . Authore Edw. 
Coke Milite, I. C. 1648. Printed at London by M. Flesher, for W. Lee, and 
D. Pakeman. (Queen's College Library, folio.) There would seem to have been 
an earlier edition in 1644. This and the fourth part, for which see n. 6, were 
ordered to be printed by the House of Commons, la May, 1641. 

* The Dialogue in English, betweene a Doctor of Diuinitie, and a Student in 
the Lawes of England. A handbook for legal students, not superseded until the 
appearance of Blackstone's Commentaries. It was by Christopher Saint German 
(1460?-! 540), and first issued by Rastell in 1533 in Latin. The English translation 
was brought out in 153 1 and there were numerous editions afterwards. Queen's 
College Library has editions of 1604 '^^ 1623. It was reprinted as late as 1874 ii^ 
Cincinnati. (Z>. N. ^., s. v.) 

* The Fourth Part of the Institutes of the Laws of England : concerning the 
Jurisdiction of Courts. Authore Edw. Coke Milite, I. C. 1644. Printed at London 
by M. Flesher, for W. Lee, and D. Pakeman. (Queen's College Library, folio.) 
tjee n. 4* 

^ Some New Cases of the Years and Time of Hy. VIII, Ed. VI, and Queen 
Mary, Mrritten out of the Great Abridgment, composed by Sir Robert Brook, 
Knight, there dispersed in the Titles, but here collected under Years, and now 
translated into English by John March of Gtay's Inn, Barrister, London, 1651, 
8vo. 



for Zouch's Cases in y Civill-Law ' 

for ye Posey of Godly-prayers for M" A. D.' 
Ija: (^ for 4 yards of Drap-de-berry' for a c!oake . 

for'2 yards of broad cloath for a coat 

for 1 3 yards of black Italiana ' 

for a pound of Rosepowther * 
I Ja: 3*i for Hughes Com; of Originall Wrils' 

for Goldsborough Reports ' . 

for Ashes-Table unto Cookes Reporis * 

for Cowels Inlerpreter ' . . . 



'. 02 


-05 


-06 


00 


-oa 


-00 


. oo 


-03 


-09 


. 00 


-03 


-00 



00 - 04 - Oi 



I 



Cu<s ud QnestioDE Resolved in the Civit-Laff. Collected by R. Zaach, 
■ttaleuor of (he Civii-Law in Oxford. Oxford, Printed by Leon. Lichfield for 
Tho. Robinton a.d. 1651, lamo. (Qnccn'a Col lege Libraiy.) 

The Po«ie of Godlie Prajere, With a deTute Epistle before the Booke, 
■ perftct Table, to Ande prayers for everie purpose and person. By Nicolas 
Tbem}llhorpe, Esqnyre of England. Watcli and prny, Malth. 16. 41. Imprioted 
!■ Abcrdeoe, By Edward Roban, 1636. (11°. In Bodleian.) The 419I edition was 
taaed in 16S4 according to Bobn'a edition of Lowndes, and the compiler is described 
as one of (he Queeaes majesties Gentlemen servers. 

Drap-de-Ueny. A kind of woollen cloth, coming from Berry in Fiance. 
{iSatay, *. (. He quotes bom Cangrevu'i Way of the World, ' FooU never wear 
put — &ey are such drap de Beiri thlnes ! ') 

■ Ptobably a kind of linen jean with satin [ace, largely employed for linings. 
Huray, 1. t. llalian,) 

See Additionel Notes. 

The Commentuies upon OHginsil Wiils (in Mr. Fitzha:beits ' Nstura 
Hreriam*) where most of the case* in Biacton, Book of Entries, the Year 01 
Tetm-Bouks, fiom King Edward the Second to these limes ... are reduced to the 
wigilutl writs . . . Collected, abridged and taken out of the Books thecoselvcs. 
The first part. London, 1655, 4'- No mote published. (finV. Mus. Cat.) By 
WiQiatD Hughes, of Gray's Inn. 

' kcpons of ttist learned and Judicious Clerk John Goutdsborongh or his 
BpHeclion of choice cases . . . agitated in all the Courts at Westminster in the 
lUter jevcs of . . . Queen Eliiabetb. With learned arguments at the batr, and 
m dw bench, and the grave resolutions and judgments thereupon . . . With short 
40lc« in the maigeut of the chief mallera therein contained etc ... by W. S. of 
tke incet Temple. W. W. for C. Adams. London, 1653, 4°. (Sn't. Mui. Cat.) 

• M». Uk {D. N. B., b. v. Thomas Ashe} says : ' A GcneraU Table ' to Cokes 
repotU, iuued m i<i£i, has been alttibuted to Athe ; but if that be so, its late date 
ihowi It to have been published posthumously, 

* The Interpreter ; or Booke containing the Signiiicatian of Words. Wherein 
ta Kt foorth the true meaning of all, or the molt part of such Words and Termes, 
fli ifc meolioned in the Law Writers, or Sialules of this victorioui and renowned 
KioEdomc, requiring any Exposition or Interpretation. A Wotke not onely 
fxAtable, but necessaiy fot sncb as desire thoroughly to be instrocted in the 
Knowledge of our Lawes, Statutes, ot other Antiquities. Collected by John 
Cowell, DoclW, sometime the Kings Majesties Profesaour of the Civill Law in 
the Uttinrdtie of Cambridge. In Leguoi obsciuitate captio. London, Piinted 



90 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

5 for y« washing of my Silver-Hatt-band . . 00-00-06 

6 for Dr Ushers Body of Divinitie * . . . 00-06-06 
10 for y« cutting of my Coat of Armes in a 

Tankard .... 
1 2 for Dr Taylors Exemplar ' . 

for Burton's Map • . . . 
for Brownlowes 2^ pt of his Reports * 
for Browlowes Declarations &c ' . 
14 15 to y« Belman of St Andrews parish * 
To y« Belman of St Giles • . 



00-03-00 
00- 14 -00 
00-10-00 
00-04-00 
00 - 08 - 00 
00-01 - 00 
00 - 00 - 06 



for William Sheares, 1637, 4«. The address to the Readers is dated November 3, 
1607, and it is dedicated to the Archbishop of Canterbury, who in 1607 was 
Bancroft, and in 1637 L^ad. The 6rst edition (BibL Coll. Reg.) was published 
at Cambridge, Printed by John Legate, Anno 1607. 

^ A Body of Divinitie, 1645, fol., published by John Downham or Downame in 
the name of James Ussher, Archbishop of Armagh, and often reprinted as his, 
was part of a manuscript * lent abroad to divers in scattered sheets,' and described 
by Ussher (letter of 13 May, 1645) as ' akindeof common place book . . . in divers 
places dissonant from my own judgment.' (D. N. B., s. v.) 

' The Great Exemplar of Sanctity and Holy Life according to the Christian 
Institution : Described in the History of the Life and Death of the ever Blessed 
Jesus Christ The Saviour of the World. With Considerations and Discourses 
upon the several parts of the Story ; and Prayers fitted to the several Mysteries. 
By Jer. Taylor, D.D., Chaplain in Ordinarie to his late Majestie. The first 
edition was published in 4*. 1649. '^^ Third Edition In three Parts was printed 
in folio at London, 1657, ^7 ^* Norton for Richard Royston, at the signe of the 
Angel in Ivie-Lane. It is in Queen's College Library. 

' Perhaps The Corrected Copy of Saxton's Map of the Coui^y of Leicester, 
printed at Antwerp, and issued in 1602 by William Burton, author of the 
* Description of Leicestershire.' (Z?. N. B., s. v.) 

* Reports (a second part) of diverse famous Cases in Law, as they were 
argued, as well upon the bench, by the revered and learned judges ... as also at 
the barr, by the then judicious Serjeants and barristers of speciall note. Collected 
by Richard Brownlow. [Edited by R. M.], London, 165a, 4°. {Brit, Mus, Cai.) 

' Declarations and pleadings in English ; being the most authentique forme of 
Proceeding in Courts of Law ; in actions really personall and mixt . . . Collected 
by Richard Brownlow. Whereto are added choice presidents in the Upper 
Bench, etc. H. Twyford : London, 1652, 4*. A second part was published 4^^. 
1654 under the Title, Declarations, Counts and Pleadings in English. The second 
part : being the authentique forme of presidents in the court of common pleas, etc 

* In London, and probably in other English cities in the seventeenth century, the 
bellman was the recognized term for what we would now call a night watchman, 
being derived from the handbell which the man carried in order to give alarm in 
case of fire (Robert Chambers, quoted in Thombury's Londim, ii. 541). Ther bell- 
man of each parish seems to have issued poetical broadsides, and distributed 
copies through the district of which he had the charge, expecting his masters to 
favour him in return with some small gratuity (ibid. 542). Gray's Inn was in the 
parish of St. Andrew's, Holbom. St Giles' in the fields was close by. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 91 

Spent with Mr James Browne ^ . . .00-00-06 

For Finches law • 00-03-06 

March 14 Sent unto Roger Woodbume ' . .01-00-00 

Payd for a Tacke for Conistone * . . co - 1 1 - 00 



XXXII. 

Accounts of Daniel Fleming, 1655* (265). 

May 5. 55 for a paire of Spanish Shooes . . .00-04-06 

7 for Markhams Horsman • . . . .00-01-04 

8 for Steophania ^ 00-03-06 

for Gusman • 00-02-00 

9 Given for y« search of an Outlarie for my 

Lady F.' 00-01-00 

10 spent for goeing into Hide p*^^° . . 00-01-00 

11 For yc search & takeing forth of another 

outlarie against Brackenbury *' . . 00 - 06 - co 

' See Additional Notes. 

' See n. 5y p. 87. He pays a shilling more for this copy than he had paid on the 
33ni December. 

' In D. F/s accounts there appears tmder date ApriU 5, 1658 Paid onto Roger 
Woodbume his bill for y* same triall oa ~ 15 - oo, whence we may infer that he was 
probably an attorney at some neighbonring market town. 

• Tack, in Scottish law, means a lease. The use of the word in this sense extends 
southwards, Dr. Murray informs me, as far as Lancashire and Lincolnshire. Dr. 
Holland tells me it is to be found in Stamp Acts, e. g. in the Act of 1891. 

• These are a few entries from the last separate bundle of D. F/s accounts. In 
the course of 1656 he began to keep his receipts and disbursements in a large 
account book from which some extracts are given in Appendix E. The entries 
here given are all of payments made during the visit to London described in his 
antobiography, pp. 8, 9, the last visit paid before his marriage. 

• The Perfect Horsman ; or the experiencM Secrets of Mr. ( Gervase) Markham's 
fifty years practice; shewing the knowledge of a breeder, feeder, ambler, rider, 
keeper, and buyer, now published by L. Thetford. Printed for H. Moseley ^ 
London, 1655. 8<*. {Brit. Mus. Cat,) Markham's life is in D. N. B, The book 
it also in London's Catalogue, 1658. 

^ Sec Additional Notes. 

• The Rogue ; or the excellence of History displayed in the notorious life of 
that incomparable thief Guzman de Alfarache. £pitomiz*d into English by 
A. S. Gent. London, 1655. 8°. {Brit. Mus. Cat.) 

• See Appendix D. 
»• See n. 5, p. 53. 

*' On the previous day he had * Payd for Brack : Outlarie at Favers suite for my 
Lady Fletcher, 00 - 01 - 00.' See Appendix D. 



92 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

1 2 Rules for y« Upper Bench & Common pleas * oo - o i - oo 

. oo - oi - oo 

. 00-01-08 

. 00-07-04 

. 00 - 03 - 06 

. 00-03-00 

. 00 - 02 - 06 

. 00-02-00 



for Walsinghams Manual * • 
Spent at Hatton's Garden ' . 
14 for y« Conveyancers Light * . 
for N.S. choice declarations ^ 
for y« Womans Lawyer • 
for a booke of Judgm*« ^ 
for y« oflfice of Executors • . 



* These seem to be two books: — i. Rules and orders for the Court of the 
Upper Beach at Westminster, Made and Published by the Judges of the said 
Court, in the Terme of St. Michael in the year 1654. London, Printed for 
Abel Roper, at the Sunne against St. Dunstans Church in Fleetstreet. 1655. 
2. Rules and Orders for the Court of Common Pleas at Westminster. Made and 
published by the Judges of the said Court, in the Term of S. Michael, in the year 
one thousand six hundred fifty foure. London, Printed for Richard Maniot, and 
are to be sold at his shop in St Dunstans Churchjraid Fleetstreet, 1654. They 
are both in the Bodleian, 4^^, smd could easily be bound together, the former having 
40, and the latter 56 pages. 

* Arcana Aulica; or Walsingham*s Manual of prudential maxims, for the 
statesman and the courtier. London, 165a. 12^ The British Museum Catalogue 
ascribes it to Sir Francis Walsingham. Watt ascribes it to Edward Walsingham, 
Secretary to Lord Digby, saying it was said to be a translation from the Spanish, 
and that it had been attributed, but on doubtful authority, to Sir Francis. Mr. Lee 
{D. N. B,, s. y.) says that there is no ground for the association of Sir Francis 
Walsingham's name with this book, and that it was a translation from the French. 

' Hatton Garden may have been then still partly a garden, as Evelyn, 7 June, 
1659, ^^^ ^^ \zXtt than this, writes : ' To London to take leave of my brother, and 
see the foundations now laying for a long streete and buildings in Hatton Garden, 
designed for a little towne, lately an ample garden.* Strype however (1720-37) 
described it ' as a large tract of ground, was a garden, and belonged to Hatton 
Huuse, now pulled down, and built into houses.* It belonged to Sir Christopher 
Hatton, the Lord Chancellor in £lizabeth*s reign. 

^ See Additional Notes. 

' See Additional Notes. 

* The Lawes Resolutions of Womens Rights: or, The Lawes Provision for 
W^oemen. A Methodicall Collection of such Statutes and Customes, with the 
Cases, Opinions, Arguments and points of Learning in the Law, as doe properly 
conceme Women. Together with a compendious Table, whereby the chiefe 
matters in this Booke contained, may be the more readily found. London; 
Printed by the Assignes of John More Esq. and are to be sold by John Grove, 
at his shop neere the Rowles in Chancery-Lane, over against the Sixe-Clerkes 
Office, 1632. The Preface is signed I. L., an Epistle to the Reader is signed 
T. E. The Head Line at the beginning of the Text is The Womans Lawier, and 
the heading at the top of each opening The Womans Lawyer. Sm. 4*^. in Queen's 
College Library. 

* See Additional Notes. 

* The office and dntie of Executors, or a Treatise of Wils and Executors, 
Directed to Testators in the choise of their Execaton and Contiivanoe of their 




'INGS IN OXFORD 

for ye Collection of Acts of Parliament ' 

for 3 coats of Armes & a bose ' . 

for Steavesons Poems • . , . ■ 

for goeing into th' Cocke-pitC Westm' . 

Prideaui's Euchologia ' . . . . 

55 for Btrkbeck's 4™ Novissima ' ■ 

Brooke upon ihc Sla: of Limitations' . 

Collin's Justice ' , 

Lost to Sir Ed Manson at Steavenldge ° 



0-05- 



WtlU. With difeetion for Eiecntors in the eiemtion of their office, according to 
the Law, ud for Crediton in the recavery of Ibeii debts. Expressing the Duty, 
Rigbl, Inteieit, Power and Anthoritj of Kiecntors, and how Ihey may behave 
fliamelTCt in the office of EKecnlorsbip. With tliven other pnnicalars very 
BitWl, prolilable, and behovEfall for ali peraons, be they either Eiccutors, 
Ctedilon or Debtors. Compiled out of the Body of the CommaD-Lsw, with 
mentioa of nich Statutes as are incident hercnnlo. London, Printed by T. C. for 
Apdrew Crooke, Lanrence Chapman, Wtlliftm Cooke, and Richard Beit. 1641, 
.Sm. 4>, In QDcen'i College Library. 

' A CoUecdoQ of severall Acts of Parliament, published in the years 1648, 1649, 
1650 and 1651, very usefull espeeially for Jnsticcs of the Peace, and ulher Officers 
In decutioi) of tbeir dnties, and administration of Justice ; wilb some Ordinaocea 
of Parliament of like concernment ; Also aeverall Acts of Pailiament, nude in the 
17 add 18 years Reign of the late King, and Ordinances touching Advcnterers for 
Inland: by H. Scobell E«q : folio. (In London's CaUlogne, 1658.) Scobcll 
WM Clerk of the Protector's Council, see below, n. 9, p. 94. 

* See 0- J, p. 39. 

* Occasioii's offspring, or poems npoo severall occasions by Matthew Stevenson. 
London, l6j4, 8". 

* There vcre leveiii! Cock-pils in Westminster. Tbe moat notable was in 
Srdcage Walk, for which see Thombury and Walford'i 0/d and Nim Landan, 
tv.44. 

' Cncbologia; or. the doctrine of practical praying, By the Rt. Rev. John 
I*ri>lcani, Bishop of Worcester, being a ti^acy left to bis danghters In private, 
directing Ihem to such manilold uses of our Common Prayer-Book. as may lalislie 
upon aU occasions wiihoul looting aflet new lights from eitemporal Rashes. 
London, 1655. ti*'. {Bril. Mus. Cat.) 

' A treatise of the four last things, Death, Judgement. Hell and Heaven ; 
Cammanly called the Quatuor Novissima. London, [May 10] 1655. 8". (,5nV. 
.Ifto. Cat.) By Simon Birckbeck (is84-i6.;6), who had been a Fellow of Qaeen's 
Collc^, and wax now Vicar of Gilling, with the chapetry of Forcet, near Richmond 
ia ^'orlrshire. 

' The Reading of Sir Robert Brook upon the Statute of Limitations. Loodon. 
1&47. 8°. (jSnV. Mm. Cat.) He was speaker of the House of Commons and 
dticfjastice of the common pleas, died 1558- His life is mD.N.B. 

' Probably Nicholas Collina' Summary of tbe Statutes cooceTTung Justices of 
tbe Peace, of which, according to Walt [Bihl. Brit.), the 4th edition was published 



in iiroo in 1663. 

' For Sir Edward Mansel, as he should have spelt the n 



3, and 



94 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

to Mr. Moxinteg^e's Coachman ^ . . 00-02-06 

23 Paid for Kings-silver y« prae-fine for Rydall ' . 04 - 00 - co 
Pultons Statutes printed in 50' . . . 01-17-00 
B. Spotswood's Hist, of Scotland * . . 00 - 1 1 - 00 
Carters booke of Honor & Heraldry * . . 00-02-00 
for y« InroUm* of Rydall-Deed •. . • oi-ii-oo 
for a litde booke concerning mainprise ^ . 00-00-02 

24 for a search in y© Statute office • . . . 00-01-00 
for y« Ord. for ejecting of scanda: min: • . 00-01-00 

28 to y« Post for my Lady Fletcher's Statute ^° . 00-01-00 
for y« English Lawyer " . .00-01-04 

for Steavenidge, ib. n. 4. These accounts refer to the visit he paid to Stevenage 
with Sir ' George Fletcher &c.' Bj &c. there he probably means his fnture wife, 
see n. 2, p. 4. 

^ For Sidney Montagne see n. 5, p. 8. 

^ See n. 4, p. 6a. This was probably in connexion with the purchase of Rydal 
by, or its repurchase from, Mr. Isaac Morgan, as to whom see n. i, p. 63. 

' A Kalender, or Table, comprehending the effect of all the Statutes that have 
been made and put in print, beginning with Magna Charta, enacted anno 9 H. 3, 
and proceeding one by one until the end of the Session of Parliament 3 R. Jacobi 
. . . Whereunto is ann^ed an Abridgment of all the Statutes whereof the whole 
or any part is general in force and use. First published in 1606. There were 
many subsequent editions. Pulton died in 1618. See D, N, B.yS,Y, 

* The History of the Church of Scotland, beginning the year of our Lord 203, 
and continued to the end of the reign of Eling James VI, published posthumously 
in folio at London in 1655, with a life of the author supposed to be by Bishop 
Duppa. The author was John Spottiswood, Spottiswoode, Spotiswood or Spots- 
wood (1565-1637), archbishop of St. Andrews. (Z?. N, B., s. v.) 

' Honor Redivivus ; or an Analysis of Honor and Armory, by Matthew Carter, 
i2mo. London, 1655, for many years the most popular text-book with all who 
studied heraldry. (/?. N, B.y s. v.) 

• See Appendix A. 

^ A little treatise of Baile and mainprize, &c. by Sir Edward Coke, Lord Chief 
of the Court of King's Bench. 1635, 8«. (Brif. Mus, Cat,) 

• The Statute Rolls were at this time kept at the Tower. I do not find the 
term Statute Office used in any definite technical sense. 

* An Ordinance For the ejecting of Scandalous, Ignorant and Insufficient 
Ministers and School-Masters, Tuesday August 29, 1654. Ordered by his 
Highness the Lord Protector, and His Council, That this ordinance be forthwith 
Printed and Published. Henry Scobell, Clerk of the Council. London, Printed 
by William du-Gard and Henry Hills, Printers to His Highness the Lord 
Protector, 1654. " See n. 8, p. 8. 

** The English Lawyer. Describing a Method for the managing of the Lawes 
of this Land. And expressing the best qualities requisite in the Student, Practizer, 
Judges and Fathera of the same. Written by the Reverend and Learned Sir John 
Doderidge Knight, one of the lustices of the Kings Bench, lately deceased. 
London, Printed by the Assignes of I. More Esq. 1631. Small 4®, in Queen's 
College Library. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 95 

for j« Justice Gearket Cabinet* • • . 00-00-10 
* for Sheppaid's Vehr of All ye Statutes * • 00-00-08 

Amiccis ReipoUics * 00-00-08 

ap Spent with my Aunt Dudley^ and Mn Loe* 
in goeing to see y« Tnrke at Daiiiam 

House' 00-07-00 

30 For Tozers Directions^ .... 00-01-00 

Spent in goeing upon y^ water to swim * . 00-01-00 

May 31 55 Given to a Poetaster* . . • .00-02-06 

Jones Compleat embassador* • • .00-09-00 

Hooker's Politie'* 00-09-00 

^ Tbe Justice of Peace, his ClArkes Cal»net, or a Book of Presideiits or 
Warnuits fitted and made xeady to Us hand, for every case that may happen 
within the ccmipast of his Masters office, for the ease of the Jnstioe of Peaces 
and more iptedj dispatch of Justice. 8*. (In London's Catalogne, 1658.) 

' View of the Laws and Statntes of this Nation oonceming Religion, by 
IR^Uiam Sheppard, Serjeant at Law. Lond. 1655, 8*. 

' Amiens RdpnUicc, the CommonweaKiis friend, or an exact and qwedy 
way to Jnstioe, for prerention of Law-snits, 8% ascdbed to John Manh of 
Gray*s Inn, Barrister. It was published in 1651. (London*s Catalogne, 
1658.) 

* See n. 7, p. 4. 

■ See Additional Notes. 

* Dozham House, in the Strand, indvded the present site of Contts' Bank. 
In James Fs reign the stables fronting the Strand were polled down and the 
'New Exchange' erected in their place. It became a £uhionable resort after 
the Restoration. (Thombnry's Ltmdan, iii. 104.) 15 Aug. 1657, Evelyn 'going 
to London with some company, we stept in to see a famous Rope-danncer call'd 
Tke Turk. I saw even to astonishment y* agilitie with whi<^ he perform'd; 
he walk'd barefooted taking hold by his toes only of a rope almost perpendicolar, 
and without so mnch as touching it with his hands; he daunc'd blindfold on 
y* high rope and with a boy of la yeares old tied to one of his feete about 
20 foote beneath him, dangling as he daunc*d, yet he moy*d as nimbly as if 
it had been but a feather. Lastly he stood on his head on y* top of a very 
high mast, danoc'd on a small rope that was very slack, and finally flew downe 
y* perpendicular, on his breast, his head foremost, his legs and arms extended, 
with divers other activities.' 

^ Directions for a Godly Life, especially for communicating at the Lord's 
Table, by Henry Tozer, a Puritan Divine (1602-50), Oxon. i6a8. 8vo. Often 
republished. The loth edition was published in 1680. 

* He thought these events worth recording in his autobiography, p. 8. 

' The compleat Ambassador: or two treaties of the intended marriage of 
Qu: Elizabeth comprised in letters of negotiation of Sir F. Walsingham . . . 
together with the answers of the Lord Burleigh, the Earl of Leicester, Sir 
T. Smith and others . . . Faithfully collected by . . . Sir Dudley Digges. [Edited 
by A. H.] pp. 441. T. Newcomb, for G. Bedell and T. Collins : London, 1655. 
ioL {BHt. Mus. Cat,) 

1* The celebrated treatise of Richard Hooker (died z6oo) of die Lawes of 



96 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

Cabala i* & a* pt * 00-08-00 

Swadlin's Manuall of Devotion * . . .00-02-00 
Hu: Grotios's Polidcke Mazimes * • .00-00-08 

Stepps of Ascension ^ 00-02-00 

Shillinworth's booke • 00-09-00 

4 Spent with Mr. Clapam • . . .00-01-04 

Given unto Greorge Braithwaite ' . . .00-05-00 
6 for ArchBp Laud agst Fisher* .00-08-00 

8 to Mr Smith in Fleetstreet a Herald-paynter 

for an eschotion * 00-10-00 

for a quart of strawberries . . . .00-00-06 
for Mine's Parsons Guide " . , . .00-01-06 

Ecclesiastical Politie, Eyght Bookes, first issued by Windet, without a date 
159a or 1594 in folio, containing only four books ; the fifth book appearing in I597y 
and no more during Hooker's lifetime. The sixth and eighth books appeared in 
1648 and the seventh not before i66a. 

^ Cabala : sive Scrinia Sacra. Mysteries of state and government : in letters of 
illnstrions persons and great agents ; in the reigns of Henry the Eighth, Qneen 
Elizabeth, K. James, and the late King Charles. In two parts in which the 
secrets of empire, and pnbliqne manage of affairs are contained. With many 
remarkable passages no where else published. 2 pt. London, 1654. 4°* '^^ 
title-page of the second part reads thus : ' Scrinia sacra ; secrets of empire, 
in letters of illustrious persons. A supplement of the Cabala, in which business 
of the same quality and grandeur is contained : with many famous passages of 
the late reigns of K. Henry 8, Q. Elizabeth, K. James and K. Charles. {Brit. 
Mus, Cat.) 

' A Manuall of Devotions suiting each Day ; with Prayers and Meditations 
answerable to the Work of the Day. London, 1643, i2mo. The author was 
Thomas Swadlin D.D. (1600-70) D.D. of St. John's College. Oxford. (/?. N, B,, 

S.V.) 

' Politick maxims and observations, written by the most learned H. Grotius. 
Translated for the ease and benefit of English statesmen, by H. C. S. F. B. 
pp. 143. H. Moseley: London, 1654. '2<». {Brit, Mus. Cat,) 

* See Additional Notes. 

* The Religion of Protestants a Safe Way of Salvation ; or an answer to a book 
entitled Mercy and Truth, or charity maintained by Catholiques, by William 
Chillingworth (1603-44) published at Oxford in 1637. See D, N, B,, s.v. 

* Luke Clapham, son and heir of John, late of Willenhall, co. Warwick, gent., 
deceased, entered Gray's Ixm 16 August, 1633. ^^ x>° ^^ the same name entered 
13 Feb. 1655-6. 

* The Brathwayts were connected by marriage both with the Flemings and the 
Fletchers. This may have been some poor relation. See n. 4, p. 36. 

* A Relation of the Conference between William Laud and Mr. Fisher the 
Jesnite, by the Command of King James, of ever-blessed Memory. The first 
complete edition was in 1639 ^"^i* 

' i.e. escutcheon, a shield with armorial bearings, or representation thereof 
(Murray). See n. 3, p. 39. 
^ Perhaps, The Parsons Guide: or the Law of Tithes. Wherein is shewed. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 97 

• 

forCkofntni^ 00-06-00 

SpcK wich Dick Lamplogh * .00-00-06 

9 for a RoD of laBoe-salve . • . . 00-02-00 

Slodeme Pofide' • , . • . 00-00-10 

for Y«cipaig of mj Pistol rammerwand* 00-ci-oo 

Spot wkhD.Lft Will?'. . 00-01-02 

lor 2 pound of cberries .00-01—00 

10 Gcven for a seat at little St Gr^CHies* . 00-00 — 06 

12 fcr SKxe jards more Searge de Rohan ^ for a 

snite and coate 01-01-00 

for 14 jard&l of black Moheare ' at 5s yd for 

a Govne to m J mother 04-01-00 

par T;t&e% and to wlicmi, and of wbat thii^s. When, and How thfcr 
dfeey maj be r ecovered at thb da j, and how a man may be 
r^atoL Bj W. S. Esq; Loodoo, Printed for W. Lee, 
G- BedcO, aft their Shops in Fleet-Stieet. 1654. 
ty tniwlatrd into English the fiist three parts of La Calpicnede's 
ee m. a, PL 28) romance of Cleopatim, mider the title of 
^s Fi jtAuTm , or Love's Master-PSecey* whidi appeared respectively in 1652, 
af$ib> *■£ ^^5- ^ t^ complete versan of the romance issaed in 1665 ^"^ '666 
^K^ J vauBBOi, 01. Qwca's CoQege Libcarr^ Loveday is credited with the transbi- 
aK^Aewbofie twelve parts (not six as stated in D.N. B.^ &t.). 

' Sae X. 4. p. 55. He paid ^ for the copy he bought 19 Mar, 1653. 

* hBHBBOrr, w^flC we should call a ramrod. 

' ^ I. s or oerecse Didk Lamplogh, W. P. is William Ffimingtoc, perhaps 
a jvia^s ^xcoer ct Ridiard, son ot William, of Moncaster, for whom see n. 4, 
^ JZ. waa was nimitted ro Gray's Inn, i6 Not. 1653, or postsiblv a soc of Sir 
JBac ^le jcaEd sio^or of 1643. afterwards a m^ir^ant of Loodoo. and a Qoaker, 
nei rf ZMusj i^^r aged 67. 

r^ies Kens 11 hare been ooly one St. Gregory's Church in Loadoo, that 
€.T xc 3e west end of St. Paul's CathedraL It mav haTe been called 
jsijt ' 3L u;inL.gri aop. with the rathniral It was dedicated to Sc Gregory the 




£e iof raiii na the 9th *For 6 yards of searge de Roan 01-01-00. 
Ir. I LiLmAj 'cncLj informs me : — Serge was apparently originally a stuff of silk, 
•X uk aod 3ne wocu then made of sflkr wooU and is now a twilled worsted snxC 
Tae some. like ochess originally of costly £tbrics, came to be used for cheaper 
Tmarnwm. i iei^ e s were formerly imported from many foreign parts; serges of 
AAftri FLoxEoce. Smyrsa are mentioced in the i6th and 17th rmtnrie^ Black 
vs^s -«■■ TWimr.kfm e d at Caen and brooght to England, and Roocn widch was 
3ac Ss* iff vr' \ 9\.% shared in the work. The sort booght by D. F. was sot ci 
1 ^ry -aady icnd. Some ran to nine shillings or even twelve shiTKngs the yard. 
r'syv lad I xveriei made of xrge. 

* IfnnaTr was oxx^inally the 6ne silken hair of the Asgora goaft of Asia Miner, 
md was alao ned Sar cloth made thereol It was at tiiis time a new importanoa. 
the wnrd was toed cf a gmfTar material made of silk. It mast alwavs ha^e 
II rsiaaa •jnalities imless D. F. was hoe groslj overcharged, as in 1633 



98 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

for 13 coloured mapps • . . .00-12-00 

i6 for y« Compleat Parson * . . . .00-01-00 

Europae speculum * 00-02-00 

20 Spent at Dick Lamplugh's goeing out o' th' 

Towne 00-02-00 

21 for a paire of silke stirrops* • . . .00-16-06 
for a pair of Farthingalls ^ . . . .00-01-09 

22 for a little Tortoys-shell Truncke • 00-15-00 
for y* cutting of 14 Coates in a steel . • 02-00-00 
for a scale in silver for Mr Jo. Fleming ' • 00-03-00 

23 for Wests Presidents • 00-06-06 

Spent in goeing to th' water with my Cosen 

Rich. KirL & Mr. Tildsley ^ . • 00-03-00 

' 1 8^ a yearde * was paid ' for 27 yeardes of mowhayre ' in Lord William Howard's 
accounts (Snrtees Sodety, IxvUL p. 301). I am here as nsnal indebted for information 
to Dr. Murray and his staff. 

' A Compleat ParK>n: or, A Description of Advowsons, or Chnich-lioing. 
Wherein Is set forth, the intrests of the Parson, Patron, and Ordinarie, See with 
Many other things concerning the same matter, as they were delinered at sererall 
Readings at New-Inne, By L Doderidge, Anno i6oa, 1603. And now Published 
for a common good, by W. J. London. Printed by B. A. and T. F. for John 
Grone, and are to bee sold at his Shop at Fnmivals Inne gate. 1630. Small 4^ 
In Queen's College Libmry. 

' Europse Speculnnu Or, A View or Survey of the State of Religion in the 
Westeme parts of the World. Wherein the Romane Religion, and the pregnant 
policies of the Church of Rome to support the same, are notably displayed : wfft 
some other memorable discoveries and Commemorations. Published according to 
the Authors originall Copie, and acknowledged by him for a true Cof^e. It was 
written by Sir Edwin Sand3rs, second son of Archbishop Edwin Sandys and pupil 
of Hooker, in 1599, <^<^ printed from a stolen copy in 1605. This edition was 
ordered to be burnt, and the book was not again printed till after the author*s 
death. The Queen's College copy is dated 1638, lamo. See D.N.B,y s.v. 

* See n. 8, p. 83. 

* A farthingale is a framework of hoops, usually of whalebone, worked into 
some kind of cloth, formerly used for extending the skirts of women's dresses. 
(Munay, s. v.) The thing and the name came irom Spain, verdngo being a rod or 
stick. The * pair of need not necessarily mean two, cf. pair of tr ow s ers, pair of 
compasses, and periiaps pair of ink-horns, above p. 39. 

» See n. 7, p. 78. 

* This is probably some edition of S3rmbol8eography, which may be termed tlxe 
Art, Description or Image of Instruments, Extraiudidal, as Couenants, Coo- 
tracts, Obligations, Conditions, Feffements, Gmunts, Wills &c. Or The pateme of 
Presidents, Or The Notarie or Scriuener, by William West of the Inner Temple, 
Gentleman. The first edition was published in 1590 ; the first part of the second 
edition (in Queen's College Library) in 159a, and the second part in 1594. It 
waa often reprinted. See /?. N, B.^ s. t. 

^ See p. 9 and notes z and a there. 



NGS IN OXFORD 



99 



95 for y Reigne of K. C. ' . . .00-06-06 

J7 for 3 Phisickc Bootees for Mr. Jo: Kirkbj-' . 00-10-06 

for Wills Interpreier' . 

for y" History of Philosophy * 
s8 for my dinner at Cumberland Feast 
39 for ye Ordinance for Duelling ' . 
30 for ye Reigne of K Cha: ' , 
■nly 4 for a quart of maskadine ' 



00 - 04 - 00 

00 - 06 - 06 

00 - 00 - 02 
00 - 06 - 00 



xxxin. 

Rhv. Thomas Smith' to Danikl Flrming (292). 

Your letter to Scolt " was sent him on Wednesday, by him who 
veal with y» Postlettera; and the same day I rcceiued from him this 

' Tke Reign of King Chntlea, >n Hiitory faithfully and Impnninlljr delivereJ 
•nd ditpoied ioto Annalt, LoDdon. 1655. The Author wi& Hamon L'Estraoge 
(■605-40), brother of Ihe more famoM Sir Roger. It eods with the execution 
oTStnSord, &ad hdng written in an Impartial spirit was attacked by Peter Heylyn 
«ad bKuae the subject of a lengthy controversy. Ste D. //. B., %. 1. D. F. bnyi 
a lecotld copy below, 30 June, for sixpence le«i. 

■ See n. s, p. 4. 

' Wil'a Inttipretet; the English ParaaBroa, by J. C. Lond. 1655. The aolhot 
!• Jdba CotgraTc, who also wrote the English Treascry of LilerotQte und Language. 
Kr. L«c in D. A*. B., s.t., desciibes the book D. F. bought as of singular interest, 
•ad gives an account of iti contenlg. 

* Thii mnn be the ^rst Tolume of the History of Philotophy by Thomas Stanley 
(l6l;-7S), of «hich the fint volume appeal^ in (G55, dedicated to Sir John 
Ibnham the chtoDoioget, his maternal uncle, who suggested the book. The 
Meood Tolome appealed in 1656, the third in 1(160, and the fourth, 'Chaldaick 
PbflMOpby,' in 1663. It long ranked as a standard authority. (D. iV. B., s.v.) 

* See Addiliooal Nolci. 

* An Qrdiaanoe against Challenge!, Duells, and all Frovocmiotis tberennto. 
Thviday June 19. 1654. Ordered by bis Highness the Lord Protector, and His 
CovDcll, That this Ordinance be forthwith Printed and Published. Heniy Scobell, 
defc of the Coimcil. London, Printed by William da-Card and Henry Hills, 
Prtntets to Hi« HighneH the Lord Protector, 1654. In Queen's College Library in 
C*ittitiem ef Ikt Ordrrt in Ceuncil of Qlrccr Cremmelt, folio. 

' He pays siipcDce less for this copy than he had paid five days before. 

* Muscadine, a came, according to Ogilvic (Jjnfirial Ditl., s.v.), given to 
KNtal kinds of sweet and strong Italian and French wines, whether while 

* See n. .4. p. J, and n. j, p. 4. 

'° Richard Scott Was a Carlisle bookseller, with wbom, as appears from his 
I, P. F. bad considerable tnuiMctions, tee Appendix £. 



loo THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

inclosed. By letter fro Hum: Robinson * I understand, y* Hugh Peters • 
(who, it seemes, fell lately into a Praemunire) was so scooled for it by 
y« Protector, y* it put him into a high fever, w«l» soone after turned to 
a downeright frenzy : y^ Physitions tooke about 30 oimces of blood 
fro him, yet would not all do ; till y« Protector sent to see hov he 
did, w<* hath set him pretty right againe : hee continues yet in White- 
hall, but intends shortly to take y« fresh aire ; & to publish something 
in print in y« nature of a Recantaon. The Protector (hee saith) having 
been somew^ indisposed of late, is advised to the Bath, but his councell 
are against it, fearing his absence might be dangerous. This Col: 
Lockart ' who is gone for France, to reside there as a publike minister, 
hath married y« Protectors neece ; hee is a Scotch man, & one of y« 
Councell of Scotland. The Pope, it seemes, is very active ; he hath 
already reconciled Spaine & Portugall, & most of y« Princes of Italy ; 
by w<^ meanes hee hopes in time to incline y« French (per force) 
to accomodate w*^ y« Spaniard. No fruits yet of the Clergy- 

^ Humphrey Robinson appears from the Rydal letters to haye been a frequent 
correspondent of Thomas Smith's between 1656 and x666. The quotations Smith 
gives from his letters are generally on matters of pablic interest. He may have 
been a sender of news-letters. In 1674 Smith, who was then Dean of Carlisle, 
used to receive three news-letters a week from the State Paper Office, which was 
then in Sir Joseph Williamson's keeping. (See Appendix to the Camden Society*s 
Letters addressed from London to Sir Joseph Williamson^ 

' George Mabbott in a news-letter, dated 5 April, 1656, writes : — Mr. Peter is 
now againe growne soe distracted tliat hee had severall persons watching with him 
night and day, who are sometimes necessitated to use all the strength they have to 
keep him in bed ; hee raves much of the devill, his lookes are very wild, and his 
discourse ends many times with half sentences. {Clarke Papeh^ Camden Society, 
iii. ^^^ Mr. Firth, who kindly gave me this reference, adds : — ' From the use of 
the word " Praemunire ** it seems likely that he had been taking too much upon 
himself in some way, perhaps in connection with the disputes about the readmission 
of the Jews.* See D,N,B.y xlv. 74. Peters had before (1652) been reprimanded 
by Cromwell for interfering as to the war with the Dutch (ib. p. 73). The 
celebrated independent divine, put to death at the Restoration, was of Trinity 
College, Cambridge. His contemporaries generally called him *■ Peters,* but he 
signs himself * Peter,' as Mabbott above spells the name. 

' William Lockhart, of Lee, a Scotch soldier of fortune, knighted at Newark, 
1646, by Charles I, on a rebuff by Charles II, 1650, joined the other side, and was 
appointed 165a one of Cromwell's commissioners for the administration of justice 
in Scotland. In 1654 he married, as his second wife, Robina Scwster, a niece by 
her mother of Cromwell. From 1655 tiU Cromwell's death he was ambassador 
in Paris, negotiated with Mazarin the treaty which eventually secured Dunkirk to 
England, and was made governor of that town. He was made ambassador in 
Paris again in 1673, and died there 10 March, 1675-6. His life is in D, N, B. 
See also Gardiner*s Commonwealth and Protectorate^ vol. iii. sub fin. The pope 
at this time was Alexander VII (Chigi), (1655-67). 



• • 



THE FLEMINGS IN t>^f})^ loi 






pedcon \ nor any to be hoped for (for ought I can p^f celu^) unles they 
wil absohitely renounce the old interest. From Oxford •^.asnf'ipformed, 
y^ Dr Wilkins of Wadham* is like to prove y^ man of'padn'^ere, 
having very lately married j^ Protectors sister, Dr French's Vidaw, 
n^ troubles !> Owen* and others of y« Grandees there, who fope§ee-\-.^ 
y* bee will overtop them all It is very observable, y* whereas by y^'. !•*.•'•. 
Statutes of Wadham-CoUedge y« Warden cannot marry*, D' French ' • 
(through his interest in y« Protector) procured a dispensaon long 
since for !> Wilkins, y^ hee might marry if hee pleased : & now you 
see w^ it b come to. But enough of such matters. I pray, informe 
mce in w* yeare yo' Pulton • is printed, & by whom, for this w«li Scott 
hath pcured for mee was printed in 1640, and (if my memory faile 
Dot) jTOU told mee there was a later & better edition of it in 1650, 
or thereabouts. I desire likewise to know w^ it is ordinarily sold for 
in 'London. With my humble service to yo' whole selfe & to 
H*^ Frances*, I remaine 

Yours, Tho: Smith. 

Hattoo, May a* 1656. 



^ In January, 1656, Archbishop Usiher presented a petition on behalf of ' the 
poor onted dergy,* whom a declaration of the previous November had forbidden 
any Roytlist to maintain as chaplains or schoolmasters. No answer was returned 
to the petition, nor was the Declaration modified or withdrawn, bat it was seldom, 
if ever, pnt in practice against the clergy. (Gardiner, Commonwealth and Pro- 
ttcUraU^ chap. xL vol. iii. pp. 190 sqq.) 

^ For Wilkins see Wells* History of Wadham College^ chap, vi, and his life in 
D, N. B, His wife was Robina, sister of Cromwell, and widow of Peter French, 
canon of Christ Church, who was brought in from Emmanuel College, Cambridge, 
1650, by the parliamentary visitors, and died 1655. French, according to Pope, 
Wilkins* half-brother {Life of Seth Ward, p. 44), was a pious, learned, humble 
person, and an excellent preacher, the best of all that party. 

' John Owen, the celebrated dean of Christ Church, a native of Southampton, 
entered Queen's College 1630, matriculated 1631, proceeded B.A. 163a and M. A. 
1635. ^^ 1^ ^ ^ D,N,B, See also Thompson's History of Christ Church, 
pp. 69 sqq. 

* It was not till the nineteenth century that an Act (46 Geo. Ill, cap. cxlvii) 
was passed ' for enabling a married person to hold and enjoy the Office of Warden 
of Wadham College in the University of Oxford.' The dispensation for Wilkins* 
marriage was obtained, ao Jan. 165 1, from the Parliamentary Visitors, of whom 
Dr. French was one, and not from Cromwell. See T. G. Jackson's History of 
Wadham ColUge, p. 116. 

' See n. 3, p. 94. 

* Second daughter of Sir Henry Fletcher, and younger sister of D. F.'s wife. 






* • 



loa THt-lfLEMlNGS IN OXFORD 



... •♦. * 



• ' • . 
• » ♦ • 



I • • • 



• » 



XXXIV. 
'-..*-Ret. Thomas Smith to Daniel Flkiong (293). 

I send you by this Bearer a parcell of Bookes w<^ EL Allinson * 
'•:''/ 'brought from Scott* y« last Satturday ; w*^ a Note inclosed, of their 
names and prices, w<^ came in my letter. I am glad my Poulton ' 
proves right, for I was a lide fearfull of it : but I perceiue y^ price w^ 
hee puts it at (viz. 2^. 4" . 6^ is farre wide ; hee protests to mee it 
cost him 388. 6<l in London. I perceiue hee will prove a dear 
merchant, if hee be not lookt to. Let ihee intreat you to spare mee 
a second sight of yo' Catalogue of Nobility, Bishops, &c> onely for a 
weeke. With my service to M" Fleming, M" Frances, and to your 
selfe, in hast I rest 

Hutton,' May 3. ^'^ '''^ lovingfriend 

1656. Tho: Smith. 



XXXV. 

Rev. Thomas Smith to Daniel Fleming (297). 
S' 
I acquainted you in my last, yt I had sent your letter to Scott*, 
& I haue since received one from him, wherein hee desires mee to 
let you haue these two bookes, v^ I lately sent to you for, promising 
to furnish mee with y» very speedily : w^^ I am very willing to, if it 
may be any pleasure to you (as phaps it may, in regard you were 
already fallen upon the reading of them) & accordingly I here send 
you them by this honest bearer, who very willingly undertooke the 
carraige of them. Those Observaons upon y« Hisf of y« late K.' 
^yfeh I mentioned to you in my last) are already answerd by 
L'Estrange ', authour of y* History : & this answer of his already refuted, 

' See Additional Notes. ' See n. 10, p. 99. 

> See preceding letter. 

* Perhaps, A Catalogue of The Dnkes, Marqnesses, Earles, Viscounts, 
Bishops, Barons, that sit in this Parliament, Begun at Westmmster the 3. of 
November, 164a London, Printed for Tho: Walkley, and are to be sold at 
his Shop, at the signe of the flying Horse, betweene Brittains Bursce, and Yorke 
House. 1640. The fifth Impression corrected and much amended was published 
in 1644. Both are in the Bodleian, 4<>. 

* See n. I, p. 99. 

* L*£stnuiffe*s answer wafe called The Obsenrator observed, or Animadversions 



For Daniel Fleming Esq' 
at Rydall these. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFi 

ft y* Observator vindicated, by Dr. Hejlyn ', who likewise hath a fling 
at yo» Graj-'s Inne — D'. Bernard '. I imagine this may be in reference 
to Bp Usher, w™ D' Bernard denies to haue counselled the K. to 
ague >* Bill of Attainder apt y» E. of Strafford but y" Observator 
mxintUDes hee did ; & more then so, y' he was not ov^r well affected 
(at that time at least) to y* Earle. This Answer & Reply I am iust 
now a sending for to Scott, and shall long most impatiently till I get 
than, for indeed y* Observaons please mee hugely- My humble 
KTvice, I pray, to your good lady, (to whom I heartily wiah a happy 
boure,) and to M"^ Bridgii' (for whom I as heartily wish a good 

^^IwsbaJad) with all bappinesse to yourselfe and to 

^^H Vor very loving friend Tmo: Smith 

I qna the Observations on the History of King Chniles, wherein ttut Hillary ts 
ttordicated, partly illuilrated, nod several things tending to (he rectification ol 
tome psblic mUtalEes \ie answered. London, 165G. 

' Peter Heylyo of Magdalen College, D-D. 1633, pobliahed in 1656 inony- 
DKHaly Ot»CTva[ions on Mr. Hamon L'Estrangc's Life of King Charles 1, id 
wtdcb he diuented Irom L'Estiinge'i views of the legalitjr of the proceedings 
«f tbc Laudian clergy. To this L'Estrange, who easily gnesjed the authorship, 
nptied by a nTage attack on Heylyn, wba answered in 'Extrsnens Vapnlans,' 
Ibe ntutest and most telling of Heylyn'i coniroveisial writings, abonoding in 
WWJMUI, imd dothing a good deal of learning with a light garb of wilt; repartee. 
iD. iV. B., a. T.) Its foil title is Extraneus Vapnlans ; or the Observator rescued 
from The violent bni Vaine Assanlli of Hamon L'Eitiange, Esq. and The 
Bbdc-blowi of Di. Bernard, an Irish-Deane. By a Well wilier to the Anthot 
of the Obtervarions on the History of the Reign of King Charles. Amiims 
So«nte«, Amiens Plato, Mngis nmlca Veritas. London, Piinied by J. G. for 
Ridard Lawndei at the White Lyon, neere the little North-door of Si. Paul's 
Cbntch, 1656. The address to the Reader is dated Lacies Conn in Abingdon, 
Jmc 7. 1656. and signed P. Heyljn. 

' For Dr. Nicholas Bernard see n. 3, p. 43, and bis life in D. N. B. The book 
vhidl bronght down npon him Heylyn's wrath was The Jadgment of (he laic 
Aicbtntbop of Arnugh and Primate of Ireland, of (be Extent of Christ's Death 
•od Satisfaction, of the Sabbalh and OUervMion of the Lord's Day and of 
Urdlnntlon in other Reformed Chnrchei, with a Vindication of him from a pre- 
Uulcd change of Opinion in the First, some Advertisements npon (he Latter, 
•nd in Prevention of Farther Injnriej, a Declaration of his Judgment on several 
Mbet Subjects. 

• Bridget, itiiid danghler of Sis Henry Fletcher, afterwards wife of Christopher 
DalKon, lOD and heir of John Dsiston esq. of Aconibaok. See n. 9, p. 4. The 
bappy boor protublj refen to the approachmg birth of D. F.'s eldest son, 
WiQlam. 



I04 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



XXXVL 
Rkv. Timothy Halton* to John Fleming^ (S'i)' 

I would have inclosed a bill of y' Nephews ' accompts, but being 

p^vented by some busines, I must defer it till y« Carriers next 

returne ; there will then be thre quarters expired, soe y^ wee must 

intreat a new suply. I canot certainly know w^ will defray y^ ex- 

pences, I suppose 15* will get us before hand with y« world. Y' 

nephew continues very studious still; & I hope he may approue 

hiselfe an honour to his family. S' I have noe more at p'sent, 

onely requesting you to p'sent my respects where you know them 

due. 
^ ^ ^- , Yr assured freind 

Q. C. March . 

14.-56 and seruant 

Tim: Halton. 

For his much honoured 
freind John Flem- 
ming Esq these. 

^ Timothy Halton entered Qoeen*s College as batler, 9 March, 1648-^, became 
fellow in succession to Thomas Smith, February, 1656-7 (see n. a, p. 24), not long 
before the date of this letter. He was brother of Immanael Halton, the astronomeri 
son of Miles Halton of Greenthwaite Hall, Cumberland, high sheri£f of Cumberland 
1654, by his wife Dorothy, dau. of Sir Jeffery Wibergh of Clifton and bom about 
1633. He proceeded B.D. 30 April, 167a, D.D. 27 June, 1674. He was made 
archdeacon of Brecknock in the diocese and cathedral of St. David's 8 Feb., 167 i-a, 
and succeeded Bishop Thomas Barlow as Archdeacon of Oxford 10 July, 1675, <^^ 
as Provost of Queen's 7 April, 1677, holding all three preferments till his death 
a I July, 1704. He also held the College living of Charlton on Otmoor from 
39 Dec. ,1685. He built the present College Library, and the parsonage at Charlton. 
A brother John was Fellow, Proctor, and eventually Rector of Sulhamstead. 

^ For John, who was D. F.'s eldest uncle, and his relations with the Brougham 
family, see n. 4, p. 69. 

' This nephew was Henry Brougham, son of John Fleming's third sister Mary, 
who was married to Thomas Brougham, of Skale or Scales, inSkelton parish a few 
miles north-west of Penrith. Henry was the eldest son and heir, and certified the 
family pedigree (which erroneously gives his father's ^name as John). He was 
sheriff of Cumberland 6 William UI. He left Oxford without taking a degree, 
and married Mary, daughter of William Slee, merchant of Carlisle. His second 
son Henry was later Fellow of Queen's and further on will appear as Tutor to some 
of D. F.'s sons. He was lineal ancestor of the Lord Chancellor and the present 
Lord Brougham. He entered Queen's College as a Conmioner 2^ November, 
1656, and matriculated the following xo March, as ' generosi filius.' Letters from 
him to his uncle follow immediately. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 105 

• XXXVIL 
HxKRT Brougham to John Flxming (316). 

LouuNO Uncklb 
I lec^ J' ire, and least I should not haue got y request accom- 
plished, I tooke all deligence to send to my cozen Hudleston^ as 
soone as I could, for seing 7^ Peter Bumyeats ' did not goe to London 
I was not a litle afraide to haue fallen short of my expectation and 
y« accomplishment of y' desire, yet y« one I'me sure is satisfide and 
y other I hope will be accordingly perform'd; for I sent my Cozen 
Hudleston a catologue of those things which he left me and he sent 
it me backe againe together with y« price of them, w<^ here I send 
indos'd. I desire y^ (good Unckle) to let me know what my fathers 
Armes ' were, and if possibly y^ could to procure a Scutchion ^ of them, 
and send it me vp by Peter Bum: for I would gladly haue a scale 
with his armes on. I heard from my Brothers* wherein they certifie 
me y* aU our friends are well at London. My Tutour* presents his 
respects to y°, remember me I intreate y^ to all my friends, and 
remember him with y' blessing who is 

Yf obedient Nephew 

Queens CoU: Oxon These Hkn: Browham 

Mayrs*^ 1657 For his honourd Unckle 

M' John Fleminge 

at Hutton John ^ in 

Cumbered 

* This may be the Andrew Huddleston, who wrote XXV to D. F., for whom see 
a. I, p. 43, in which case ' cozen ' is used generally for a near relative, as elsewhere 
(tee n. i, p. 12), as that Andrew was his uncle, husband of his mother's sister 
Dorothy ; but more likely the person here referred to is that Andrew's son, Andrew, 
the first Protestant of the family, and with Sir John Lowther one of the first 
who moved actively against James II. He was at this time under twenty years 
of age, but had already left Queen's College, which he entered as a commoner 
26 June, 1655, subscribing the University Register the following 7 November, and 
entering Gray's Inn 28 June, 1655, as son and heir of Andrew, of Hutton John, 
Cumberland, esq. * 

* The carrier from Kendal to Oxford, see n. 4, p. 15. He seems sometimes to have 
gone on from Oxford to London, and sometimes to have gone no further than Oxford. 

' At Dugdale^s visitation, 1665, respite was given to this Henry Browham for 
exhibiting the Armes and proofe. Nicolson and Bum (i. 397) give the arms of 
Brougham as : Gules, a chevron between three luces argent. 

* See n. 9, p. 96. 

' His brothers were Toby, Thomas, Christopher, WiUiam, and John (Nicolson 
and Bum, i. 396). 

* Timothy Halton, for whom see n. i, p. 104. ^ See n. 7, p. 5. 



io6 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

xxxvm. 

Henry Brougham to John Fleming (320). 

Lousing Unckle 

I reed a Ire from y^^ wherein y^ mentioned 15 p^ sent to my 
Tutor, w«^ he rS'd, and that y^ haue p^ my Cozen Andrew* for 
such things as were left me by him. I shall (god willing) performe 
all things y^ enjoyne me in y' Ire as well because they are my duty, 
as your commands ; all y« recompence y^ I can giue y^ for y« care 
as well Guer my Brothers as my selfe, is but thankes, seeing y* not 
any restitution w<^ I can make will be sequiualent to them. I desire 
y^ to excuse me for not writeing to mine Unckle Huddleston and 
mine Aunt, entreating y^ likewise to remember my duty to them 
both, and remember me alsoe I entreat y^ to my Brothers, my sister ^ 
and to my Cozens ' : Furthermore lett me require y^ when tyme can 
giue y^ soe much leisure y^ y'* would be pleas'd to write 2 or 3 lines 
to M' Provost \ who showes more fauour to me than I can expresse. 
Mine Aunt Dudley * gaue me counsell to sell mine horse, seeing he 
could doe me noe profitt as now, I desire y^ therefore to get any 
to sell him, and to send vp y^ moneys to 

Y' ever dulifull Nephew 

Queens CoU: Oxon These Henry Browham 

AagTist3d-57 To his deare and loueing 

Unckle M' John Fleming 
at Hutton-John in 

CumberH pr sent 

XXXIX. 

Rev. Timothy Halton to John Fleming (321). 
St 

I send you here inclosed y' Nephew's Accompts, w<»^ are ye 
higher, by reason y* he was utterly unprouided of necessaries at his 
entrance. I think but the next retume of y® carrier we shall stand 

' Hodlestooe, tee n. i, p. 105. 

* Anne or Agnes. She afterwards married Anthony, seventh son of Thomas 
Wybergh, of Clifton near Penrith and of St Bees. His other sister, Mary, was 
dead before this. 

' Andrew Hndleston the elder had four sons and five daughters, so though 
Andrew the eldest son was in London, there might have been several at home. 

* The Provost at this time was Gerard Langbaine, from whom there are some 
letters to Christopher Dndley in the Supplement. 

* Agnes, eldest sister of Henry Browham's mother, was married to Christopher 
Dudley, of Yanewath. See n. 7, p. 4. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 107 

in need of a fresh supply. lot will doe y^ businesse. Y' Nephew 
continues very studious & ciuill in his deportment. Pardon mj 
abmptneSy some businesse wiU not suffer me to expresse w^ seruice is 

due to y' selfe from 

^ ^ . Y' assured freind 

<^. i^. Aug. 

4*^-57. Tim: Halton 

For his much honor'd 

frend John 

Flemming Esq 

these. 

XL, 
College Accounts of Henry Brougham, 1656-7 (365). 

Enclosure in (321). 
An Accompt of M' Henry Brougham's ezpences since his Entrance. 

£ s d 
Fees of Admission 0106 

Candlestick Candles & tinder box . .0 i 50b* 

Candles 006 

For mending his chamber windows . .020 

Wood 026 

Chamber p^ of y« first quarter . . . .030 

Battles' y^ Quarter ending at S^ Thomas day .116 3 

Shoomaker 040 

Matriculaon . . . . .070 

Caution-Money 500 

Bookseller o 3 9 

Bedmaker 026 

Landresse 050 

Tvition 100 

Chamber y« Q' ending at Lady-Day 1657 .068 

Battles for y* Quarter 5 7 10 

Taylor 066 

Seruitor' • 070 

In all . . 16 6 50b 

* I e. obolos, hftlf-penny. 

' The word seems to be used here for all the payments made to the Coll^^e for 
irictuals. As a commoner he woald pay for his commons as well as the payments 
for extras which were originally meant by batells, the only pa]rments for victuals 
made by batellers. H. B.'s 'battles' in snbseqaent qoarters are so much higher 
that it is to be inferred he was not in residence for the whole quarter. 

' A brother undergraduate who rendered some services to his richer mate. In 



io5 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

The Quarter ending at Midsumer 1657 

£ . s d 
Candles o i i ob 

It* 006 

Glouer 030 

Lent hi for his ioumey to London . . .200 

Shoomaker ^.040 

Landresse 040 

Glouer more 040 

Candles 009 

Battles 2180 

Mercer for a suite &c * . . . . . 5 10 3 

Chamber 068 

Taylor 0126 

Tuition 100 

Seruitor 050 

Bookseller 003 

Barber 2 quarters 080 

Bedmaker 026 



In all . 14 o 60b 

Laid out for both the Quarters . . • 30 7 - o 

Receued at his entrance 15 o o 

It ' by Burnyate July 4th 15 o o 

Soe yt there remains due to mee . .070 

Tim: Halton 
Hen: Browham 



a letter of George Fothergill's (afterwards Principal of St. Edmund HaU), of 
which I have been aUowed to take a copy, he writes, 13 July, 1723) 'The Provost 
has admitted me Servitor on this day seven night, by the intercession I suppose of 
my kind Tutor. He has also brought on one who is Junior to me which has 
prevented my being Junior Servitor, and thereby freed me from a slav'ry w^ 
I always dreaded, and which I could not weU have undergone. I believe it will 
save me above 8 pounds a year one way or another. My Tutor likewise has 
given me a Gentleman Commoner last night, vi^ I call'd up this morning, w^^ 
perhaps was the effect of your letter, but I don't know. So that for calling up 
I have about 5 Pounds per year, viz. 5" a quarter of each of the 3 Comoners w^*^ 
I had before, w«^ comes to 3 pounds a year, & lo* a quarter for this Gent: Com: 
w«^ makes up 5 pounds.' 

^ Le. Item, i.e. more candles. 

' Le. Item, i.e. Received. 






THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 109 

XLI. 

HxNRT Broughak TO Daniel Flsming (325). 

Charissims ConsobrineS 
Benefidam tuum* Index fuit amoris veri voluminis. Dum praesens 
fui, amicum te expertus sum; veram perfectumq^ ex quo absens. 
Qn6d amicum, gaudeo; qu6d verum et perfectum, glorior. Amore 
me prosecutus es prsesentem, et hoc amici est ; sed beneficiis absent! 
amorem comonstrasti, et hoc veri perfectiq^. Ego amorem et simul 
benefida pondero : et hoc jam doleo, qu6d debeam, non rependam. 
Sed non invitus obstrictum me tibi patieris, quem amas ; imb quem 
amasti, ut obstringeres. Donimi quod misisti, recolit memorii, 
gratissimd accipit manu, sed in pignus amoris, 

E Cdi Reg: OxSli Nov. i8 Benignitati tu« devinctissimus 

mn: dom: 1657. Hen: Browham 

These 

To his much honor'd 

and kind Cousin 
Daniell Fleming Esqj 
at Rydall in 
Cumbd 



XLIL 

Rev. Timothy Halton to John Fleming (326). 
S^ 

According to y directions I receaued the 10*. I hope you will 

find nothing excessiue in this Accompt I was lately at London 

where I found diuers of his frends, among the rest M' Dudley' & 

his wife who were very importunate for his company this Xtmas, 

to whose requests I consented. There will be two more Quarters 

expired when the carrier returns, soe y* we must strech y' purse- 

' Consobrinus, which properly describes the relationship between the sons of 
two sisters, is here, as often, used more loosely for the relationship between the 
SODS of a brother and of a sister. D. F.'s father was brother to Brougham's mother. 

' In D. F.'s accounts appears the item : — 1657, Oct. 16. Sent by Peter Bumgate 
nnto my Cosen Henry Brohakn at Oxford 00 - 05 - 00. 

' Christopher, the last of the Dudleys of Yanwath, sold the manor to Sir John 
Lowther about 1654. ^i* papers came to D. F. after hb second wife's death, and 
occur among the earlier Rydal papers. His first wife was Elizabeth, daughter of 
Bishop Snowden, of Carlisle ; the second, Agnes Fleming, who often appears as 
Aunt Dudley in these letters. 



no THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

strings higher then usuall. If you can furnish us with 20^ question 
not but y* it will be very acceptable. Y' Nephew continues very 
studious & ciuin I hope his good indeuours here may ballance his 
expense. My service to all at Hutton-John I rest 

Y' assured frend 

Qu: Cott: 0x68 ^ serve you 

Nov. 19^ -57. Timothy Halton 

For his much honoured 

frend John 

Flemminge Esq) 

at Brougham^ 

these. 

XLni. 

College Accounts of Henry Brougham, 1657 (3^5)* 

Enclosure in (326). 

An accompt of Mr Henry Broughams ezpences for y« Quarter ending 

at Michaelmas 1657 

£ s d 
Shoomaker p^ of y® last Quarter . . .080 

Cobler ........028 

Dressing his halt 014 

Seamstresse 006 

Mercer o 14 5 

Candles . .006 

Barber 040 

Shoomaker 040 

Bookseller 229 

Glouer 038 

Taylor 038 

Bedmaker 020 

Landresse 050 

* Brougham, except the castle and perfaapt a third part of the manor which 
belonged to Anne, Conntess of Dorset, Pembroke, and Montgomery, belonged at 
this time to Emannel Bird whose ancestor had bought it from the Broughams in 
the days of Henry VII. His son James bought the Conntess of Pembroke's share 
in 1676, and Jameses grandchildren sold the whole manor to John Brougham, fifth 
son of John Fleming's nephew. Since then it has remained in the Brongham 
family. John Fleming may have been staying at the Hall with the Birds, or at 
the Castle. The Conntess of Pembroke entertained D. F. and his wife on their 
honeymoon at Appleby, another of her castles. (See p. 9 and note 6 there.) 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD in 

Chamber . . 068 

Battles* 5 I II 

Tuition 100 

Servitor *' 050 

In all . . .11 6 I 

Remaining due to mee since the last Accompt . .070 
Receaued from Peter Bumyate' Nov. 9**^ . . 10 o o 

Soe there now remains due to mee . . . i 13 i 

Timothy Halton 

Henry Browham 

XLIV. 

Henry Brougham to John Fleming (327). 

Kind Unckle 

I reed y' letter and the 20" shillings y^ sent me, my Tutor like- 
wise the ten pounds, for which I hope, y^ expect noe other recompence 
then dutiiull obedience, and a gratefull mind, which I haue had, haue, 
and will (god willing) retaine to the end. I haue prsesum'd to send 
y^ a small parcell of Spanish Tobacco, not as a recompence, but a 
pledge of my duty and affection. I haue sent likewise a Bible to my 
Sister, wishing that she may make that vse of it, for which god hath 
appointed. I reed y« Coate of Armes^ at London, but there the Crest 
wanted, wherefore I left them with my Cousin And. Hudleston ' who 
promised to get the crest, and then send me them, but as yet I haue 
not reed them from him. I reed Ires lately from my Brothers •, whereby 
I understand that they, and the rest of o' freinds are very well. I haue 
noe more at present to say, but to put vp my prayers to god for y", 
desireing y' blessing upon the studies & endeavours of 

yr Dutiful] Nephew 
oil: Coll. till death Hen: Browham 

These 

To his deare and 

kind Unckle Mr John 

Fleming at Skirwith ^ in 

Cumb^. 

' Sec n. 2, p. 107. » See n. 3, p. 107. ' See n. 4, p. 15. 

* See XXXVII, p. 105. The crest of the Broughams, according to Lysons 
{Cumberland^ p. Ixx), is A sinister arm embowed, in armonr, issuing out of 
a wreath, holding a fish. Foster {Peerage) adds charged on the elbow with a rose 
gales. • See n. I, p. 105. • Sec n, 5, p. 105. '' See n, 2, p. 2. 



112 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

XLV. 

Rev. Timothy Halton to John Fleming (328). 

Sr 

I send you an usuall inclose a tutors token ^ ; I hope you will find 

noe cause to complane ; if you doe, pray signify, y^ it may be amended 

by y« next, we find here perpetuall urgencys for money, & therefore 

must desire some more supplies, ten pound by y® next I hope will goe 

neare to seme the tume. Y' Nephew studies hard, 'tis y* for w«** he 

came here, & you expect at our hands. Pray p'sent my seruice to 

my frends at Hutton John \ & soe I rest 

^ .^ - - Yr assured frend 

Q. C. Mar. 

23 -57. to seme you 

Tim: Halton 
For the much honoured 
John Flemming Esq 
these. 

XLVI. 

College Accounts of Henrt Brougham, 1657 (s^S)- 

Enclosure in (328). 

An Accompt of Mr Henry Brougham's expences for the Quarter 

ending at St Thomas Day 1657. 

£ s d 
Cutting his wood ' 014 

Cobler 016 

Wood 0130 

Glazier 026 

Taylor 098 

Mercer . ^79 

Bookseller o 15 6 

Shoomaker 0116 

Landresse ..••.«.• o 5 o 

Barber 040 

^ A memorial of friendship ; something by which the friendship of another 
person is to be kept in mind. (Webster, s. y.) It is here used facetiously. The 
red seal to this letter shews Halton*s arms, a lion rampant. 

» See n. 7, p. 5. 

* The wood was brought in in laxge blocks, and had to be cut for use. We get 
below an altematiye charge for faggots, i. e. wood ready for boming. 






2 


o 


. o 


2 


o 


I 


O 


o 


• 5 


15 


4 


. 


6 


8 


. o 


5 


o 


£ 


s 


d 


II 


2 


7^ 


I 


13 


I 


£ 


s 


d 


. 20 


o 


o 


£ 


8 


d 


• 7 


4 


4 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 113 

Glooer 

Bedmaker 

Tuition 

Battles 

Chamber 

Servitor 

In all 
Remaining due to mee since the last Accompt 

Receaued from Bumyate March 9 -57 

Soe there now remains due to him 

Timothy Halton 
Henry Browham 

XLVIL 

HiNRT Brougham to John Fleming (333). 

DxARi Unckle 

I reed y' letter which I could better answere with my teares then 
with my pen, but there is some consolation, nay greate consolation 
that the will of god (whose prerogatiue it is to giue and to take away) 
hath beene fulfilled in dissolueing the earthly tabemackle of mine 
Unckle' and placeing him in a glorious house in heauen not made 
with hands. My Tutor reed 2op^ which you sent by Peter Bumyeats. 
I desire you to add one fauour more, to those many not small ones, 
which I haue reed from you, that, if y^ thinke it conuenient, or if you 
can without any p'judice to y'selfe, you would send me 3 shirts the 
next retume by Peter, for here indede they are exceeding deare, for 
I cannot by 3 under 3® shillings. I desire y^ to rememb' my duty to 
all my relations, and rememb', which I need not doubt, in y' prayers 

Queens Cott Oxon Y^ du^ifull Nephew 

March the 23 -57 Henry Browham 

These 
To his much res[>ected 
Unckle Mr John Fleming 
at Skirwith ' in 

Cumb'land. 

> A mistake, should be 1 1 . 3 . 9. ' See Additional Notes. 

' See n. 2, p. 2. When William, D. F/s father, succeeded to Rydail, John, 
who was Daniers second son, naturally made Skirwith his head quarters. 

I 



114 T^^^ FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



XLVIII. 

Henrt Brougham to John Fleming (342). 

L0UKIN6 Unckls 

I reed 70' letter, 3 shirts, and 2® shillings, which you sent me by 
Peter Bumeyeats, which if thankes can any way cotintervaile, they 
shall never be wanting, and I hope that you will expect as yet litle 
more, for your patronage and care over me and my Brothers. I haue 
intelligence of one thing which does not a litle trouble me, to wit, that 
you ezclame against me for a prodigall, which I am soe far from, y* if 
I should offend, it would be in ye defect, rather then excesse, but 
I hope I haue kept y« midle. I thinke my Tutur can say noe other- 
wise, I will not say y^ others spend more then me because I know 
comparisons to be odious, but as I am Commoner it behoues me for 
my credits sake to Hue like a Gentleman. I borrowed of Peter 20* 
which may giue y° more reason to thinke me extravigant, but pray 
pardon it, for indeede it being y® Act * time, it gaue me occasion to 
spend more than I willingly would haue done, for their came some 
alliance of my Brothers Masters *, whom, enquireing after me, I could 
not but in ciuilitie entertaine as became y™. y^ writt to me yo^ letter, 
y* I should praepare for goeing to y« Inns of Court at Candlemas, S^ 
y^ shall noe redier command any thing then I to obey. Soe desireing 
y' blessing I rest 
ru, n^ /^ — Y' lou: Ncphew 

Qaeens Con Oxoa ^ 

Aiigiist3-58 Hen: Bro: 

these 

For my loueing and 

kind Unckle Mr 

John Fleming at 

Skirwith in 

Cumbd. 



* The Act was held on the Monday next after the seventh day of July. For the 
proceedings see Griffiths' Laudian Statutes, edited byC. I^ Shadwell, pp. 67 foil., 
and Andrew Clark's Register of ffu University (O. H. S., x). Part II, pp. 8a foU. 

' L e. those to whom the younger brothers in London were apprenticed. No. 
344 of the Rydal documents is a letter from Tobias Browhame (the Toby of 
n. 5, p. 105), dated * fro y* Woolsacke in Bncklersberry y» io*>^ of io*»^ 1658 in 
London/ to John Fleming, from which it appears that he was an apprentice at that 
address. 






THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



"5 



XLIX. 

CoixxGX Accounts of Hkmrt Brougham, 1658 (365). 

An Accompt of Mr Henry Brobams ezpences y« Q' ending at 
Ladf-daj-idsS. 













£ 


s 


d 


CoUer . 


# # # • • • • 





I 


6 


Lent him. 


A 9 9 9 9 9 9 





5 





Mercer for a 


gowne &c 


• 5 


10 





Taylor . 







7 


8 


Landiesse 


9 • 9 • • 9 9 1 





5 





Cobfer . 


9 9 9 * 9 9 





I 





Letters . 


9 9 • 9 9 • 9 4 








6 


Lent him. 


9999999 





5 





Letters 


9 9999994 





2 





CoUer . 


9 • 9 9 9 9 • 





2 


2 


Bedmaker 







a 





Battles 




5 


15 


10 


Barber . 


9 9 9 9 9 9 9 1 





4 





BookseUer 







18 


7 


Qiamber . 


9999999 





6 


8 


Tuition . 


9 9 9 9 9 9 9 


I 








Servitor . 


In all . 





6 







. 16 





11^ 




The Q' ending at Midsumer 1658. 





a 


d 




Bedmaker 




9 

4 


Battles . 


• • ■ 




% « 




. 6 


8 





Gk)ver . 


• • « 











6 


6 


Bookseller 


• • a 











10 


2 


Shoomaker 


• • 











8 


6 


Mercer for a 


suite &c 






• 


9 


10 


5 


Landresse 


9 9 i 











5 





Barber . 


9 9 











4 


0' 


Chamber . 


• 9 











6 


8 


Tuition . 


9 • 








I 








Taylor 


• 9 











15 


I 






19 


18 


4 



^ A mistake, should be 15 . ii . ii. 

I 2 



Hl6 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

£ 8 d 
Remaining due to mee for Both y^ Qrs . 35 19 3 

July i3«» 58 

£ s d 

Reed by Peter Bumayle * from Mr Fleming « • 10 o 

Remaining due to mee ' since y* Last accompt • .744 

So there now remains due to mee . . . . 18 14 11 

It« paid to y® Seamstresse 070 

£ s d 
Remains due to mee in all 1925 

Aug: a8, 1658 

Receaued from Mr John Flemming in full dis- \ £ s d 

charge of this bill nineteene pound two shillings fine > 19 2 5 

pence I say receaued / 

By mee 

Timo: Halton 

L. 

Rev. THouiis Smith to Daniel Fleming (345}' 
S» 

I am disappointed this weeke of my Pd ' : but I had a letter from 

H. R.^ wherin he tells me (from a merchant) that Brandenburg is now 

in Holstein with i8coo of his owne, 12000 Imperialists, and loooo 

Poles'; (halfe of these numbers would do well.) Its supposed the 

great Funerall* will be about All Saints; Henry 7*^ vault is a 

cleansing : after w<^, its said, a Parliam^ will be called, to sitt about 

February next. One thing, hee saith, hee wonders at (but so do not 

I) viz: that S' Wm Davenant' (Poet-laureat) hath obtained a per- 

' Or rather Bumyeat, see n. 4, p. 15. 

' Really ' Kemainiog dne from me.' The sum paid to the Sempstress alsp 
should be p, 6d, to make the account correct 

* Probably the Mercurius Politicus, a Diumall, published by T. Newcomb, 1655- 
60 in London ' comprising the sum of foreine intelligence with the affairs now 
on foot in the three nations of England, Scotland and Ireland.' As there were 
many other Mercuries, Pol. would be its distingmshing name. 

* Humphrey Robinson, see n. i, p. 100. 

* In conjunction with the imperial General Montecnculi, Elector Frederick 
William of Brandenburg, 'the great Elector,' successfully attacked the Swedes, 
and conquered Holstein at the end of 1658, and Swedish Pomerania at the 
beginning of 1659. (Poster's History of Germany ^ ▼. 3a.) 

* Cromwell died 3 September, 1658, and ' was prirately buried in the chapel of 
Henry VII, in Westminster Abbey, on September 26th, but the public funeral took 
place with extraordinary pomp on November ajrd . . . The funeral ceremonies cost 
sixty thousand pounds.* (C. H. Firth's Cromwell, p. 444.) 

^ Sir William Davenant (1606-^8), poet and dramatist, according to tome 




'HE FLEMmCS IN OXFORD 



117 

1 for Stage-plaies, and the Fortune-plaj'house ' is now trimming 
J zgainst the Tenne. It was rightly obsenied by you, that new 
PateDlE and Commissions would be necessary for such as are in Office ; 
for this very wccke the Justices have recetued a new Comission ; and 
a new Patent likewise is come for y* High Sheriffe ', with a Dedimus 
poiestatem ' to cenaine of >-« Justices to giue him his Oath (a copy of 
J* Oatb being likewise sent inclosed) V*' oath being taken by him 
they arc comanded to deliver him y* said Patent. Now what (thinke 
^) is lo be done in this case, hee not being in the County to take 
his Oath f w* authority or warrant hath his Undersheriffe, or any of 
his other officers to act upon f It is (methinkes) a pretty odd case : 
pray, consult your bookes about it, and let us have yo' opinion of it 
at onr next meeting, wob now (1 hope) will be ere long. In y* 
terim, with my humble service to j'o^good lady & M" Bridget*, 

Yo» very affectionate friend 
Tuo: Smith 
For his much honourd friend 
Daniel Fleming Esq' 
at Rydall these. 

taa of Shakspere, was ippolDlcd (1638) poet laDm.te by Chuln I 
•Aer the death of Ben Jonson. Havlag been despatched from France on a mission 
la Virtieia, he wai cnptuicil at sea, and impriioned [or two years in the Tower, 
la tfae later jexn of the Commonwealth he obtained pennission to lecommence 
1 tpedei of qnaa-diamallc entettainmenli. He called bis enterUinmenl oo opera. 
Lavcc, Lock and Parcel! took part in tbe perfoimances ; and a Mrs. Coleman who 
ippeued in hii ' Siege of Rhodes ' is said to have been the dnt EnglUhwoman who 
na appesred npon the Mage in an English drama. {D.ff. B., s.v.) 

' The Foituae Theatre was built 01 rebuilt in 1 599 by Edward Alleyn, the actor 
ud (oiindei of Dulwich College, when the Lord Admiral's players found them- 
tdro Bnable to auEtaia the opposition of the Lord Chamlierlain's servants who were 
ikcB BDiiei Shakspere. They accoTrUngly left the Rose in Soathwark and crossed 
the water. (Payne Collier's Shakspeaie (1844), vol. 1. p. cUiiiii.) The new 
Ihralre «■* atnate between Whitecross Street and Gotding-lane, in Ibe parish of 
St. Uilea Cripplegate, There was a pictore or statoe of Fortone in front of iL It 
*u barnt down in December. t6il. (Malone's Shakspcare (iSj:), toL iii. p. 54, 
D'Avenant ^oei not »em to have brought out his plays at the Fortune, but 
la 1656 at Rnlland House, Alderagite Street, and in 1658 at the Cockpit in Dmiy 
66) he ofataincsJ a patent flora Charles II, and hullt a new playhouse 

ilJMola's Inn Fields, (ib. pp. 9), 93.) 

~ Sir George Fletcher »'as High SheiifT of CDmbcrland. Lady Fletcher writes 

D. F. Dec 4, 1657 : ' I now heaie of a certaine y' my Son it SberifT, & am 
•orry for it." iRjdai Paftrs, 330.) 

pclutaiem is a writ, whereby commiMion is given to a private man 
fof tbe speeding of some act appertaining to a indge. (CoweU, Inltrfrtler, i. v.) 




a. J.) 



'Sna 



».P-< 



1X8 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

LI. 

Henry Brougium to John Flkming (349). 

Louring Uncklr 

I re6d two letters from you one by my Tutor, another by Peter *, 

in the former you say that some of my friends looke vpon me as 

prodigall in my expences. If I were guilty of that, which they seeme 

to accuse me of, I could not haue the boldnesse to plead for my selfe, 

but innocence knows not how to blush. As for that which they object 

against me concerning my suite, I must tell them that in accuseing me 

of ignorance in that point, they doe certainly misconstrue the Mercers 

bQl, for I had not onely a bare suite of the Mercer, but other things 

necessary, as bands, cuffs, stockins, handkercheifs &c : Surely they 

thinke that every yeare produces some more stupidity in me, but 

experience hath taught me noe longer to play the Idiot; but, if they 

will haue me a novice, they must needs accuse my Tutor either of 

folly or knavery (from both which his knowledge and honesty will 

set him free) for whatsoever I doe, is with his advice. As for my 

goeing to the Inns of Court, I am very willing to goe at Peters next 

retume, if it be consentaneus to your mind. I borrowed 2o« of Peter 

to supply my wants in more small but necessary things which I desire 

y^ to repay. Soe rendring you thanks for y« good care for me, and 

desireing your blessing I remaine 

i-u. ^ n %x in. — Ydf ever obedient nephew 

Qneen 8 Con OxoQ *^ 

Novem. 16^ 58. Hrnrt Browham 

These 

To his very loueing 

and kind Unckle 

Mr John Fleming 

at Skirwith in 

Cumbl. 

LIL 

Rkv, Timothy Halton to John Fleming (350). 
S' 
Here is inclosed y' nephew's accompt. It hath bene my in- 
deauour to moderate y™ w^ I could. I perceaue 'tis his desire to 
goe to y« Inn's of Court about CandlemaSi w<^ (if I mistake not) 

' L e. Bnmyeat, for whom aee n. 4, p. 15. 



119 

was also J' rcGolution. Pray acquaint Mr. Dudly ' (to whome widi his 
I»dy p'sent my seruice) yt according to his desire I enquired who at 
p'seoc cnio>s his plac's in Oriel! ', they are iwo Biich: of Arts, S"" 
Skelton" (whose father liu's at Woodhall' (I take it) & S' Wakefeild' 
his father was tninisler of Windennoore '. I must desire some more 
money's by ye carrier next returne; there will then well nigh 3 
qnancrs be enpired ft 'tis easy proporlionably to coniecture w' they 

E>um to. My seniice 10 all at Huiton John ' : I rest 
_ _ _ Y' assured frend 

. 1 



Tim: Halton. 



For bis honoured freind 

John Flemming Esq 

at Scurwoih ' 

Cumberland. 



* Smo. 3, p. 109. 

' The Dudley li^ibitiooB, founded by Dr. Rich«rd Dndley in isig, irere (ii in 

avmber, the nominntioa td two being leserved to the Dndlef family. The rigbt 

, «u nsnatly eierciud in favour of a tcholsr from Cambcrland or Westmoiluid, and 

ke bolder of the eibibition was frequently, uid iu tbe Bcventeenth century invariably. 



of these Dodley aomioeei 
;ll's Rtsistrum Oritlense, pielice, 

E batter ii 



■•nawtd to reside in Queen's College. 
Fwilh Oriel is thetefon very slight. (Shadwi 

■ John Skelton entered Queen's College as batter in the ninth week of the 
Chltenus quarter of 1G51-3, matricuUteil al 'seivitot' 34 June, 1653, and was 
^bablj nominated Dudley Ejihibllioner at tbe end of the same year. He was 
dededi Tlibaitlet of Queen's ig June, 1(156. proceeded B.A. 16 Nov. i6g6 (bcnce 
hen here called S', = DoiTiinQB. the proper style of a Bachelor of Arts) M. A. 4 June, 
1659. He was elected Fellow of Queen's I March, 1C59-60, became Chaplain to 
Tbomat Barlow. Iiiahop of Lincoln, who gave him (1678-9) the archdeaconry of 
Bedford, (1681) the rectory of Walgravc, C'683) the piebend of Asgarby, which 
( 16S4) he excbanged for the prebend of Bi^gteswade, both in the cathedral church 
of Lincoln. He died 3 April, 1 704. Heainc had a bad opinion of him (ii. 6S). 

■ Woodhall. about a mile iouth of Heiket Newmarket, in the parish of Caldbeck, 
«as £amoai (or tbe residence of George Fox, the founder of (he Quakers. 

* John Wakefeildenlercd Queen's College as bailer, 1 May, 1654, wai matriculated 
to Nov. 1654, elected Wilson Exhibitioner, being > Westmorland man, in ttetaull 
of duly qualified Candtdalea from Kirkby Lonidale School, 19 June, 1656, Tabcrdar 
Kotvmber, 165;, B.A. 16 February, 1657-8, M.A. 7 August, 1660, elected Fellow 
Eatter Term, 1661 ; Vicar of Bramley in lucceuion to Thomas Lough (for whom 
nen. 1. p. 6S) 1667, He does not appear as a E)udley Eihibitioaer in Dr. Shad- 
»eir« RtgiitTum Orielimt. 



'Seen. 7.1 



' !.«. Skirwith, for which sc 



I20 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

LIIL 
College Accounts op Henry Brougham, 1658 (365). 

Enclosure in (350). 

An accompt of Mr. Henry Broughams expenc's for the quarter 

ending at Michaelmas. 1658. 

£ s d 

A Key 010 

Cobler o i 10 

Lent him 050 

Tayler .«.«.... o 3 4 

A hatt & band 100 

A round capp ^ 036 

Letters 004 

Cobler 006 

Candles 2 quart o 6 10 ob 

Landresse 050 

Bedmaker 020 

Barber 040 

Bookseller 040 

Chamber 068 

Batdes 6 15 6 

Tuition 100 

Shoomaker 070 

Servitor 050 

Mercer i 17 9 

"£ 8 d 
In all 13 9 3 o^ 

Timothy Halton 

* This was hit proper academical head-dress as a commoner. Under the LAudian 
Statutes (Tit XIV, { 3) Statutnm est, quod non-graduati, qaotquot alicuiiis 
Collegii Sodi, Probationarii, Scholares, Capellani, Clerici, Choristx, deniqne 
quotquot de.Fimdatione Collegii cuiusris fuerint, Stndentes insuper i^is Chrisd, 
quoties in pablicnm in Uni^ersitate prodeimt, Togis laxe manicatis et Pileis quadratis 
indnti incedent. Qnotqaot vero Commensales, Commnnarii, Batellarii, Serrientes, 
qaotquot deniqoe de Fuidatione Collegii alicuins hand fiierint, quoties in publicum 
in Univenitate prodeunt, Togis talaiibus et Pileis rotundis induti incedent The 
different dresses are figured in Loggan. On the 13th July, 1770, Convocation 
approved a new statute in which it was provided Quod non Graduati, quotquot 
alicujus Collegii Socii, Probationarii, Scholares, Capellani, Clerici et Choristse, si 
modo in Matiiculam Universitatis sint relati, denique quotquot de iundatione 
Collegii cujusvis, fuerint, Studentes insuper i^dis Christi, quoties in Publicum in 
Universitate prodeunt« Togis laxe manicatis, ita ut Manice longitudo dimidiam 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD I2i 

LIV. 
Rxv. TncoTHT Halton to John Flxming (351). 

I send yoa here inclosed y' nephews accompts, which tho* diey 
be not soe moderate as I could wish, yet my indeauors haue not bene 
wanting. I haue ordered Bumyats' to pay in y^ North as soon as 
possibly he can after his coming there 20^ for soe much receaued by 
me here. I would therefore intreat you to furnish him with the 
money as sone as you can, A I shall put it to accompt as soe much 
receaued for y' Nephews use. His desire (I perceaue) is much for 
y* Inns-of court; & in my iudgment it would be convenient to 
pleasure him in this. I must intreat some more moneys (beside w^ 
is aboue mentioned) by y« carriers next retume. there will be 2 
quarters expired before y^ time. The charge is great, but I know 
not botCr to moderate it. but howeuer my care & respect shall not 
be wanting yt I may approue my selfe 
^ ^ ^ , Y' faithfull frend to 

Q. C. Maich 

24 -58 serve you 

TmoTHT Halton. 
For his honoured freind 
Mr. John Flemming 
at Skirwyth 
m 

Cumberland. 

LV. 
College Accounts 07 Henry Brougham (365). 

Enclosure in (351). 

An accompt of Mr. Henry Broughams expenc's for y« quarter 
ending at S' Thomas Day. 1658. 

£ s d 

Lent him 026 

A key to his chamber 008 

Letters 002 



partem longitudinisTogse non excedat, et Pileis qnadratis cnm Apice, induti incedant. 
Batellarii vero, et Senrientes, Togam talarem hodie usitatam juxta exemplar gerant, 
et Pilenm qnadratnm cnm Apice. (Addenda, ed. 1825, p. 100.) Finally in 1856 
the distinction of head-dress between the two orders of undergraduates was 
abolished. 



us THE FLEMBfCS Hf OXFOttD 




o 


7 


6 


o 


lO 


o 


o 


o 


9 


o 


2 


2 


o 


4 


O 


o 


o 


4 


o 


5 


6 


o 


2 


o 


o 


4 


o 


o 


15 


6 


6 


7 


o 


o 


6 


8 


7 


3 


9 


I 


o 


o 


o 


-II 


o 


o 


13 


o 


o 


5 


o 



I reed jonr letter, and my Tutor likewise the moneys which you 
sent by Feier. Yon seone by your letter to be willing that I should 
suy another yeare at Qzon. I shall totaDy be subordinate and 
obetfient to your will, iHiidi I shall always looke vpon as a law. 
There may be a better and more opportunity to discourse of That 
when yoQ come to Oxon which you specified in your letter, since 
the receipt whereof I have been possessed with a continuall longing to 
see you, as akoe my Brodier* whom you say you will bring along with 
you. My Brodiers at London ' are very well and doe always pray for 
your wel£ue, in whose noe ksse then patemall care consists theirs 

' Seen. 3, jx lis. 

* See n. 5, pl 105. Probtbly ooe of the yoanger ooei, peiiiaps Christoidier, tee 
foOowiBg note. 

* Tobj and probably Thomas. S5^ of the Jfydal Papers is a letter from Tobias 
to Jobn Fleming describing bow be is getting 00 in bis trade, and 

bis Mde if be tliinks of appientidng bis brodwr Cbristopber to an 
'to keepe bim at ye latten sdioole as looge as you can, lor if yoa 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 123 

and ndse. To give 7011 thanks for your diligence over vs, can neither 
requite your kindnesse nor satisfie it, wherefore noe petitions to god for 
jOQ, whose I desire for me shall be neglected by 
,. ^^« f.. Yo' datifiill and obedient 

Qoeens Colt Oxon 
Maich y* a8* 1659 Nephew 

Henry Browhah 
I borrowed 30* of Peter which I These 

earnestly request you to repay, To my very loueing and 

hopeing you will not be angry much respected Unckle 

seeing I had none for my Mr. John Fleming at 

prioate vses. Skirwith in 

Cumb^land. 

Lvn. 

College Accoimrs of Henry Brougham, 1659^ (3^5)* 

An accompt of Mr. Henry Broughams expenc's y® quarter ending 

at Lady-day -59. 

£ s d 

Glazier 026 

Hatter 056 

Cobler o o 10 

Gk)uer 034 

Cobler ..006 

Faggots 020 

Letters 004 

Landresse 050 

Bedmaker 020 

Barber 040 

Bookseller o i 11 

Mercer 1147 

Chamber 068 

Battles 6 19 6 

Tuition 100 

Shoomaker 080 

Servitor 050 

Taylor 040 

Ye Physition 100 

In all 13 6 8 

please to put him to an Apothjcarj it is ** \s. will bind him to 

one) for if he be apothecary he miMt fH 

* Mr. Haltoo's letter which pcotel at of »»' 

not among the Rydal docmnettti. 



124 tHE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 





£ 


8 


d 


Remaning due upon y^ last accompt 


19 


I 


6 


In all 


32 


7 


2 


Timothy Halton 








Henry Browham. 









LVIIL 
Henry Brougham to John Fleming (368). 
LouEiNG Uncxle 

— t 8 d 

My Tutor reed the summ you sent [32-7-2. To giue you 

thankes for your care and tuition over me, is but to repeat what 

formerly I haue writt ; wherefore, since I cannot to your (much lesse 

the publicke) view, demanstrate my gratitude, I am forced to captiuate 

it in the narrow continent of my mind, although noe Ocean can 

surround it. You seeme in your letter to accuse me of prodigality, 

but truly vnlesse you take expences for things necessary and decent 

to be extravagant, I am confident I am not at all liable to such 

a censure. As conceminge my Bookes I haue some which though 

they cannot be profitable any more to me, yet may be to my Brothers, 

but Peter Bumyeats could not bring them downe at this his retume ; 

but if I goe from Oxon ere Peter returne, I shall leave y™ with some 

friend to deliuer them* As for the rest I shall as conveniently and 

warily as I can dispose of them. My Tutor after many expences to 

be quit of an Ague ' is yet much troubled by it, yet I hope he getts 

now some strength to shake it away. S' either hopeing to see you 

shordy or at the next returne to heare from you wishing likewise yo' 

happinesse and desireing yo' blessing I rest 

r\ r^ *M,t\ ' Yo^ obedient Nephew 

Qaeens Colt Oxoo '^ 

August y* 3* -59 Henry Browham 

I borrowed 20" of Peter Bumeyeats which 
I earnestly request you to repay 

These 

To his much honour^ 

and much respected 

Unckle Mr. John 

Fleming at Skir- 

with in 

Cumberland 

^ < The City is generally Healthful ; but towards the latter end of the year, and 
in wet winters, the poor people who can neither afford good Liquor or Firing, are 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 125 

LIX. 
Rev. Timothy Halton to John Fleming (369). 

The inclosed is y' Nephew's accompts ; if any thing seme too 
excessive I indeauoured wt I could to moderate it. I haue ordered 
Peter Burnyat's to receaue fiue pound of you to dispose in y« North 
according to my Directions giuen to him. Mr Harrison ' a Mercer here 
in Oxford hauing some occasions to use money in y« North, I 
appointed him to receaue ye residue. Soe y^ if they come I desire 
3rou would furnish them with w^ is due upon the bill. I haue for 
some time been troubled with an unwelcome guest (an ague) & 'tis 
just now ready to giue me a visit, I wish 1 could be out of y® way. 
Howsoeuer it mak's me more abrupt & will onely permilt mee to 

subscribe my selfe 

^ ^ . Y' assured frend 

Q- C- Aug. 
3. -59. TiMo: Halton 

For his honoured frend 

Mr John Flemming 

at Scurwith 

these 

LX. 
College Accounts of Henry Brougham, 1659 (365). 

Enclosure in (369). 

Mr Brougham's Accompt 
Midsummer -59. 

£ s d 

Candles 4 quarters 05114 

Letters 006 

Given hi when he went to London ' . . . . i 10 o 

Cobler 014 

Landresse for mending his linning last quarter . .016 

Battles 7 II o 

Mercer for a suit &c 5146 

Shoomaker 086 

Landresse 056 

pretty mach subject to Agues.' (Salmon, The Present State of the Universities^ 

1744, P- 3') 

* Thomas Harrison, see n. 2, p. 30 ; n. a, p. 67, and l)elow LXII. 

* See XLII for a reference to another Yisit to London at Christmas, 1657. 



126 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

Bedmaker ........020 

Barber 040 

Bookseller oiii 

Chamber 068 

Tuition 100 

Glouer o 10 o 

Servitor 050 

Taylor o 12 5 

Lent hi 010 



£ 8 d 
19 I 9I 



Timo: Halton 
Hen: Browham. 

LXI. 

Receipt of Peter Burnysat (370). 

Aug: 18^ 1659 

Receiued then of Thomas Harrison ^ Mercer in Oxon the \ 

sum of iiue pownds w<^^ I was to receiue of Mr John f ^ 

Fletnminge by the Appointm^ of M' Timothey Halton, ( 

I say receiued the sum J 

the inarke of 

By mee P B 

Peter Bumyeat 

test 

George Johnson * 

LXII. 
Receipt of Thomas Harrison (371). 

Aug: 30**^ 1659. 

Receiued then of Mr John Fleminge by the Appoint-^ 
m* of Mr Timothey Halton of Q. C. the sum of 
Njmteen pownds one shilling and six pence for the vse 
of Mr Henry Browham whearof Peter Bumyeats 
rec^ from me fine pownds as will Appeare by his 
Acqutance I say receiued w^ the fiue pounds i 

By me Thom: Harrison. 

^ See above LDC and n. i there. 

* This can haxdly be Sir George Fletcher's servant, for vi^oai see n. i, p. 5. 



t S d 
^ 19 : I : 6 



I 



LXIII. 
Richard Scott' to Daniel Fleming (374). 

I haue rec^ yo" and yO' bookcs not yet ariued nor I feare will bee 
I till ihis new broylc' be ouer. onely I hav reed Coobes declarac, ft pi. ' 
w«fc is sent with w* is under wrilen. Gen'all Monk stands finne to 
y* pailiam' — in greate haist S' 

38. 59 Rich" Scott 

G. Monks decl. are sent up & downe though 1 see it not : he has 
secured Barwick & y* Garrisons in Scotland: Imprsoned Seu'all ftc* 
+ Rionalus anat. ' 
+ Cookes decl. ' 
+ Royall Romance * 
I Gods Jadgm'* on drunkerds &c^ 

* Ste n. lo, p. 99. 

' Sept. 14 wu the date of a pedcioD lent Trom the orm^ at Derby conipIaiDin[; 
Uwt adequue rew»rd» hid nol been conferred on the deserving, and demuiding 
thu Fleetwood should t>e made com tnander-in -chief and other importuit thingt. 
Sept. 21 Haiterig moved that Lnmtiert, iti author, shotild be sen! to the Tower, 
■Bd the breach between the parliament and the army began, which ended ia the 
JlooM ceasing to sit, and the council of o(iii:ers being oidercd to provide for the 
public peace, urange a new form of government, and submit it to the approbation 
of ■ new pailiamcni. (Lingaid, vol. vii. ch. T.) 

* DeclaiatioDS and Pleadings contained in hii ll books of Reports, in Engtiih. 
Land, tfijo, fol. The*e are nol tncladed ia the editions of bis Kepoils, iCfB and 
■6S0. Translated into English, by W. Haghes, 1659. (Walt's SHI. Brill., L.y. 
Coke. Sir Edw«d.i Only Hughes' Tramlation is in the Bril. Mm. Cat. 

' li&gard (ul sup.) places rather later Monk's delennlnation to appear openly a& 
the 'axsener of the ancient laws and liberties of the country,' in acGordaocc with 
which be secured with trusty garrisons the casllc of Ediobargh and the dtadel ui 
L^tb'aod sent a strong detachment to occupy Berwick. 

* tncbeiridinm Analomicum et Pathologicnm, in quo Ex nalurali cuiislllulionc 
pwdiun, icceuiis a natniali slats dcmoasUatum, ad usutn Tbcatti Analomici 
■domatntn a Joanne RioUno blio, Origtne & online Paiisicnsi, Doctoic MediOBtE 

Parisiensi, Analomes el Herharise Professore Regio, alqne Decano, 

Matris Lndovici XII Primario Medico per decenniom & postremo. 

Fignrit ElegantisslmiB, Indiceqoe accuratissimo exortutum. Lngdoni BiUTonini, 

[£a OfliactL AdHnni Wyngierden, Habitaotii E Regione Academix MDCXLlX. 

College Library.) 

Sec Additional Notes. 

me] Hammond, Minister of the Gospel at Newcastle. God's JudgcmctiU 
DiHokards, Swearers and Sabbath-breakers: in a collection of the moit 
of Gods revealed wralh npon thoae iio*, etc. London, 
1459. 8^ C^nV. Mus. Cat.) 



la Academia 

RcgiDse Mb 

H^FignritEIeg 

^^■£s OfliactL 

^■f8< in Ijacrr 

^^m * Sec Add 
^■^ 'Samuel 



128 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

I Harringtons essey ^ 
I learned maid ' 

Novemb. 7 -59. 
Sent all backe unto Scott by y« way of Cockermouth ", except these 
3 thus + marked, w<^ I am to keepe if their prices bee reasonable 
&, if fiartholinus Anat: ^ bee not bought for mee, butt if it bee y>^ I an]i 
10 returne againe Riolanus \ 

For the worpll Danjeli 
Fleming £sqj at 
Cockermouth 

with a percell. 

LXIV. 

Rev. Thomas Smith to Daniel Fleming (385). 
S' 

Within 2 houres after I parted with you, in my way to Appeby, 
I met with y« certainty of the Kings being landed on the Friday 
before : but for the manner of it, I could leame nothing at all, till 
you informed mee. What I haue learnt further by this-day's Post, 
I here send you. 

From o^ neighbor Mr. T/ thus — At y® Kings imbarkeing himselfe 

* James Harrington, the author of Oceana, published in 1658 An Essay upon 
two of Virgirs Eclogues and two books of his ^neis in 8«, which included a trans- 
lation of them. {D, M B,, s. ▼.) None of his political vmtings are called Essays. 
In the Ouana Essays is used of levies ; the Index says, Military Divisions. 

' The Learned maid ; or whether a maid may be a scholar : a logick exercise 
written in Latine by that incomparable virgin Anna Maria k Schurman of Utrecht. 
[Translated by Clement Barksdale.] London : 1659. Octavo. The Dedication 
is signed C. B. (Halkett & Laing, s. v.) 

' i. e. through Thomas Smith, who was interested in D. F.*8 purchases of books. 

* Thomse Bartholini Casp. F. Anatomia, ex Caspari Bartolini Parentis Institu- 
tionibus, Omniumque Recentiomm & propriis Observationibus. Tertium ad 
sanguinis Circnlationem Reformata Cum Iconibus novis accuratissimis : Accessit 
huic postremse Edition! Th. Bartholini Appendix de Lacteis Thoracicis & Vasis 
Lymphaticis. Hagse-Comitis, Ex Typographia Adriani Vlaco, mdclv. (S^ in 
Queen's College Library.) 

* This memorandum is written on Scott's letter in D. F.*8 handwriting. 

* Richard Tolson matriculated from Oriel College, 11 Oct 1639, '^g^ '7i ^^^ 
of Henry of Bridekirk, Cumberland, gent, great-nephew of Provost Tolson. He was 
barrister-at-law of Lincoln's Inn 1656, sheriff of Cumberland 1647, and was now 
MP. for Cockermouth. He married Anne, dau. of Gilbert Gregory, of Bamby 
super Don in the County of York. R,P, 388 is a sort of Newsletter from her to 
Lady Fletcher, informing her, among other things, that one of the Provisions 
of the Act of Indenmity 'is against S<^ Wilfried Lawson for takeing 1500*1 from 
Rydall,' sec n. 6, p. 7. 



Holland the Dutch discharged 19 great guns, our Generail 
' Wontagtie' all ihe guns of the fleet 6 times over. The K. at his 
Srst landing kneeled downe, and gave God thankes ; then coming to 
Grail Monck, who was kneeling upS his knees, hee tooke him up, 
embraced and kissed him, with y title of Father. The D. of York 
kissed him several] times. The D, of Gloeester, whilst all y" rest were 
thontiog God save y« King, hee threw up his halt and cried God blesse 
Gen: Monck. Hee is made K' of y" Garter, Privy Councellour, 
M' of y« Horse, and Capt Gfall of all y« 
Forces both by * sea and land. S' Edw. Hide * 
Is made LA Chancello' of England ; S' Orlando Bridgeman ', \A Cheif 
Baron ; Mr Jeffrey Palmer * Atturney Gfall. The Dutch presented y* 
K. and j* 1 Dukes to a very high value. The King of France's 
presents were refused, One of y« sisters of y« late Pr. of Orange ' 
b lookt on as a fit match for y^ K. Shee is a tni» Protestant- The 

■ Edward Moanta^, fint Eail of Sandwich (ifi}^-?]), admiral and general at 
m, Pcpya' patron. Pcpp vrnt prcicat on board Montagu's Hag-ship and write! 
(May aj): 'Nolhing in the world bol going of goat almosl all this day.' 
Sandwich waa killed bf the blowing up of Ihe Royal /ames by a lircship in tbo 
lUal battle of Soiebay 18 May, 1671. 

* Edward Kyde, afterwards EJirl of Clarendon (l<>i>9-74), Ihe historian of the 
Rebellion and Civil Wats in England, Chancellor of the University of Oxford 
trsm 1660. He had been made lord chancellor of England at Brngca rj Jon. 
I6j8. (C. H- F. in D. JV. S. . s. v.) 

* Bridgeman's legal repatalion during Charles I'e reign stood very bigb- He 
was chief jnalice of Chester 1638, solicitor-grneral to the prince of Wales, 1640. 
Be voted ngainsl SliafTord'i attainder, and after Charles's death was compelled 
to nam pablic advocacy at the bar, but permitted to practise in a private manner- 
A* lont chief boron he prciided at the trial of the regicides, wbidi he conducted 
with rcmaikabte modeiation. On the disgrace of Clarendon ( \66-;) he was made 
lord keeper, refnsed to pat the great seal to Tarioni grants designed for the King"* 
nutieMei and had the great seal taken from bim 17 Nov- 167a, imd died in 
ntlremeni at Teddinglon 15 Jane, 1674. His lineal descendant is now Earl of 
Bndfoid. (,D.N.B., s-v.) His great grandson, another Sir Orlanjo, was a 
^ae&ctOT to Queen'i College, Oiford- 

* See IL. I, p. S. He drew D. F.'s marriage lelLtement. 

* Benry Freilerick. Prince of Orange, the father of William who married Mary 
tfanj^ter of Charles 1 of England and is here called the late Fr. of Orange, had 
foar danghters, Henrietta Catherine, who married John George II, prince of Anhalt- 
Deatan ; Mary, who married Lewis Henry, Palatine of Simmera ; Louisa Henrietta, 
who married Frederic William, Elector of Brandenhntg, and All>erlinn Agnes, who 
iwiricd William Frederic, ConnI of Niusau Dieli. (Betham'i Cmealogiiat 
Tatia, Tab. dvii.) The two laal were certainly married before this (Kait's Five 
Stuart Pn'iutssii, p. 1S5), the prince of Anbalt-Dessan lecmi to have been married 
fat 1658, *a the lidy here teferred to most have been Mary or Mary Eleanors. 
Mr. R. H. Hodgkin lells me Ihe authorities are not (greed as to the number, 
mnM cr (oairiago of these bdiei. 



igo THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

House of Comons were rec^ by j^ K. m*7^ banqueting roome, w^ our 
Speaker^ gave him a Speech: in answer whereunto y^ K. told us, y^ y« 
lawes and liberties of his people, with the Protestant religion, next 
to his life and crowne he would preserve. Then y« members had 
all y^ bono' to kisse his hand. An Act is preparing for the confirm- 
ing of Magna Charta *• The K. was in a plaine stuffe suit, with a 
plume of red feathers, y« D. of Y. w^ a white one, y* D. of Glo. 
green. They are all very pleasing, and humble with maiesty. Bone- 
fires ' are a building in every street 3 or 4 stories high, the Protectors 
effigies and y^ States armes^ being placed on the top, to be burnt 

From H. R. ' (besides w^ you have already) thus — ^I thinke most of 
the Nobility and Gentry of y« Nation are here. Both y« Coi&issioners 
and Ministers y^ were sent to y^ K. (by letters & since their retume) 
give the highest character of his gracious and grave deportment as is 
not to be expressL Some thinke of a match for him wt^ a Sister of y^ 
last Pr. of Orange, who had left her 3 millions, and its said the States 
will make it 3 millions more. Wee are now informed y« L^ Gray 
of Grooby was y« late King^s executioner ' : they have one in hold who 
doth affirme it I have w^ others of our citty been waiting on his 

^ The presbjrterians, by artfiil management, had placed Sir Harbotde Grimstone, 
one of their party, in the chair. (Lingard, nt rap.) 

' No such Act teems to have been pasted. 

' This spelling, now obsolete, preserves the knowledge of the original use of tht 
word for fires in which bones were bnmt See Murray, s. y. 

* The States Armes, L e. the Arms of the Commonwealth, as prefixed to the Acts 
of Parliament printed and published by the Authority of the Commons from 1648 
to 1659, *^ the cross of St. George impaling the harp of Ireland. Some of 
Cromwell's Proclamations, and it would seem also his great seal, have a more 
elaborate coat quarterly first and fourth the crots of St. Geoige ; second, the saltire 
of St Andrew, and third, the harp of Ireland, with his private arms, a lion rampant 
on a scutcheon of pretence. None of the prints I have seen are properly tinctured 
or tricked, but it is to be suppoied that the cross is gules on azgent, the saltire argent 
on azure, the harp or, stringed argent, on azure, and that the Cromwell, alias 
Williams, lion was argent, armed and langued gules, on sable. The Annals «f 
England^ though (iii. i) It gives the Protector's arms correctly, (ib. 8) substitutes 
so far as I can see without authority the saltire of St. Patrick (gules on argent) for 
the Irish harp. On the 7th Sept. 1661 a Proclamation vras issued by the King For 
the calling in all Moneys of Gold and Silver coined or stamped with the Cross and 
Harp. 

* L e. Humphrey Robinson, for whom see n. i, p. loa 

* There hts always been a doubt as to the name of the executioner, but the 
evidence at Hulet's trial {StaU Trials, v. 1 185) pomts to Brandon, the ordinary 
hangman. (Gardiner, History of Great Civil War, voL iii. p. 596, n. a.) Thomas, 
third baron Grey of Groby, was one of the king's judges, and signed the death- 
^ranant. He died in 1657. His life is in Z?. A^. ^. where there is no reference to 
this accusation. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 131 

MtW tin OUT Baronet lA Maior > brought him at bed-time to Whiteh^l. 
[Tlus 1 do not well understand, oncly I gather by it y* old Hum: was 
one of the gold-cbaine men ']. 

From T. Lamplugh ' (who was a Spectator of y* K' entrance) thus 
— Never was any Prince so welcome to his people, as Charles 31*, 
after 12 years banishra* was to his. Such State, and such accla- 
tnaons as I want words to expresse. Some few parlars 1 will give 
you. Mr Will; Coventry ' longest son of >■■ Ld Keeper Cov.) rid 
fim. After him, y» King's coach empty. After it, 16 coaches »•* 
6 bones apiece, in one of wgIi rid S' Ph. Musgrave'. A pretty while 
after came Major Gen: Browne ', wt^ 3 Squadrons gallandy accoutred : 

' Sir Thonui Allryn 01 AUcn, crested b«ronet 14 June, 1660. The Imronetcy 
boatnecnioct on thedealhof hissoo, ottheianieDaoic, 10 June, 1730. 

' Sec AdditiaQ«l Notes. 

■ Tliomai Lamplugh catered Queen's College as a haiXa in Miclioelmas Temi, 
1633, and wBi roatrionUted 10 October, 1634. aged 16, bs son of Thoniai, of 
DoTcnb]', Cumberland, pleb. Other bccouiiI& make bim to have been bora al 
Octoo in the parish of Thning upon the wolde nigb Hooangby 01 Burlington. 
Hte mother u buried there, aiid he gave a great deal of plate to the Church, h 
wu lo fail iateieit b Queen 'i College to be reputed to be bom in CuiDberland. 
He proceeded B.A. 4 July, 1639. was created M.A. i No<. 164a, proceeded B.D. 
■J Wj, J*S7. I3-I5. 9 Nov. 1660. He does not seem to have been a Taberdat, 
bst wu elected Fellow 13 Nov. 1G43, and admitted ig March, 1644. He was 
pRoeipd of St. Albaa Hall 1664-73. lecturer at St. Mactin's Carfax b Oxford, 
MCtoi of BinReld. Berks, and of ChatltoD-on-Otmoor, Oxon, 1659, vicar of 
St. Manin'i in the fields 1670. archdescon of London 1664, canon of Worcester 
1C69, dcu «r Rochester 1673, bishop of Exeter 1676. archbishop of York t68g, 
■nil hii death 5 May, 1691. HU portrait is in the Common Room of Queen's 
CoU«Ke and there is a ttstae of him in York Minstei. 

* William Coventiey entered Queen's College 5 March, 164I-), ai fellow* 
CenmD&cr, and malricnlated 1 April, 1641, aged I4, as son of Thomas, 'baionis 
At Alaeborongh ' (Baron Coventry of Ayleaborougb, co. Worcetler). lie was 
CFbMcd D.C.L. ]8 Sept. 1663, He was afterwards of Minster Lovell, knighted 
3 March, 1664-5, secretary to the Dake of York, and to the Admiralty, M.t. 
Gtcat Vannonth 1661-79, ■^■ed 33 Jone, 1636. His life is in D.N.B. 

* Sir Philip Mnigrave. second baronet, of Hartley Castle in Westmorland and 
Fl1fah>ll in Ctunbcrland, succeeded bis father Sir Richard when be was bat seven 
fCHl old (l6tf). He was M.P. for Westmorland 1640-3, fought at Marston 
Moor and Is said to have had a warrant creating bim Baron Musgrave of Hartley 
CMtle, but never to have taken out the patent. He died at Hdenhall 7 Feb. 

* Riehard Browne, ' woodmonger,' constituted 8 June, 1644, major-general of 
tlw fiircea raised for the subduing of Oxford, 'a continnal thorn in the eyes and 
goad in (be lides of Oxford and the adjacent royal garrisons,' one of the com- 

rj who lecdyed Charles from the Scots, sheriff of Ijjndon 1647, ' a great 

e tad intereu in the city, and with all the presbylerian party,' excluded from 

t ifijC for refosiog to take the engageniEnt demanded by the Protector, 

K 2 



132 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

j^ 1^ Squadron were all in cloth of silver doublets; y^ a^, all in 
plush ; the 3^ in Buffe. After him, y^ old Earle of Qeveland ^ led up 
I coo gentlemen, all in Buffe laced with silver, &c but w^ do I de^ 
scend to pariars? it would be endlesse: have patience for a while, 
and y^ booke will tell you all. His Ma^ rid in a dark cloth-suit, y^ 
D. of Yorke on the right hand, and j® D. of Gla on j« left, his 
Excellency * and y« D. of Buck. * immediately after. At Pauls schooler 
doore y^ Ministers of London presented him w^ a Bible : hee thankt 
them for it, and told them to this effect ; That y« greatest part of 
that dayes solemnity hee must ascribe to Gods providence, and y% 
hee would make that booke y^ Rule both of his life (k govemm^ 
and desired D' Reynolds* to bring the Bible to him at Whitehall 
For his feature, hee doth very much resemble hx& fiither, black, and 
very slender-faced. Wn hee came into Pauls churchyard, hee cast 
his eye upon y^ church, and pointed to y« D. of Yorke; but what it 

chosen by the city as one of the depntation to Charles II, and headed the procesnoii 
which brought back the king to London. His services were rewarded l^ the king 
who conferred the honour of knighthood on both him and his eldest son. He was 
elected lord mayor 3 Oct. 1660. He was created a baronet before his death whi^ 
took place 24 Sept. 1669. {I^' N, B,^ s. ▼.) 

^ Thomas Wentworth, b. 1591, sncceeded to the barony of Wentworth on the 
death by plagne of his father die third baron, was created through the influence of 
the Duke of Buckingham Earl of Cleveland 5 Feb. 1625^, attended his cousin 
the Earl of Strafford on the scaffold 1641, distinguished himself on the royalist 
side in the civil war, was taken prisoner at the second battle of Newbury, attended 
Charles U to Scotland and commanded at the battle of Worcester, where he was 
again taken prisoner and narrowly escaped being sentenced to death. He died 
35 March, 1667, when the earldom became extinct. In 1670 the notorious Barbara 
ViUiers, mistress of Charles II, was created Duchess of Cleveland. 

' i. e. General Monk. 

* George Villiers, second Duke of Buckingham, was not seven months old at the 
assassination of his father, the favourite of James I and Charles I, fou^t at the 
battle of Worcester, was one of the Cabal, * Chemist, Fiddler, Statesman and 
Buffoon ' (Dryden), a wild profligate, the aeducer of the Countess of Shrewsbury 
who in page's costume held the bridle of his horse while he killed her husband 
in a duel, and the subject of the lines in Pope's Moral Essays beginning ' In the 
worst Inn's worst room.* He died 16 April 1687, ^hen the dukedom became 
extinct (G. £. C[okayne]. Complete Peerage, s. v.) 

^ Edward Reynolds (1599-1676), fellow of Merton College 1619, preacher at 
Lincoln's Inn 163a, a moderate Anglican, one of the Westminster assembly of 
divines 1643, took the covenant 1644, one of the visitors of the University 1647, 
dean of Christ Church 1648 to 1650 and again in 1659, ^-^^ <^<^ vice-chancellor 
1648, warden of Merton College 1660, canon of Worcester 1660, bishop of Norwich 
9661. A son of the same name was made fellow of Magdalen by the parliamentaiy 
ftsitors, was prebendary of Worcester 1660, and archdeacon of Norfolk 266l« 
[p.N.B^%.y,) 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFOR&' 



I3J 



«ta hee said, I could not perceive for the noise, iho" I was within 
a yard of him. And now to cell you soraew* from beyond-sea ; Hee 
lecJ from y« Stales of Holland in presents above 200000'*, besides 
8000* p diem, to roaintaine him and his retinue during hia stay at 
ihe Hague: where at y« serving up of every course 18 piece of 
Ordinance were discharged. The sieeple of the great church there, 
was htmg aljout with lamps, w^ burnt all the night long. They of 
Amsterdam have pmised him to redeeme al! the crowne iewelk ««•■ 
•re pawned there, and to send ihem over to him'. The Comissioners 
X* were sent thither to him are highly satisfied, & even y« Pres- 
bjterians ciy him up extraordinarily. He told them, hee would make 
it his care that both Episcopal) Divines and Presbyterians should 
nuilialy condescend, and I find by !> Reynolds y» hee for his pt 
ii for a moderate Episcopacy. For the University, Besides Dc 
Olhrer*. who is already restored to hia Presidentship of Magd; Colh 
there »re 6 of ye Fellowes (formerly eiected) y' will be restored this 
>eeke •. Last week 10 of Ihe old fellowes of New Coll: were restored '. 

' Aieai^ja* 1 June, 1G4). the Home of Commons had received information tlmt 
Ac Jewell of the Crowq aie either pawned or sold in Amsterdam, and ordered 
Ibal whoMKver hath been or ihall be an Actor in the selling 01 pawning any 
JnrcU of the Crown shall lie held an Enemy to the State. (Rnshwortb, iv. 736.) 
Ob the titfa of the lame month a letter sent from Amilerdam was lead in tratb 
Hooaea of Parliament apparently from the same source : ' I cannol learn thit any 
J«l>ieU Bioie are pawned than I have fonnerly expressed ; neither of ihc Sale of any 
Jeveb, tave divers CoUon of Pearl.' . . . ' In writing hereof I andersCaad, by an 
^e-wilDess, that all the Jewels are brought here again to t>e pawned, and amongst 
then the great Collar of Rabies fetch'd from Ifami. Also Ihe three Brethren, four 
«r five very great Diamonds, with divers more.' Clarendon (v. 31J, ed. Mactay, 
mL U. p^ 1 70) , who refers to this, allows that the Queen had sold some of bet own 
jewd^ and doei not deny explicitly the sale or pawning of any Crown Jewels, 
thoogb be scolTi at the information or pretended information. 

* John Oliver, matriculated from Merton College 16 Jan, i6i{-(>, aged ij, 
■dmincd demy of Magdalen 7 April, 1619, B.A. Ii Dec. 16:9, M.A. II July, 
)6)t, fellow of Magdalen 161a, President 1644, turned out 164S, reatoitd 
18 May, 1660, by the floase of Lords. The order is in Bloiam, v. S7 ; where also 
ii an inteitsting letter to him from Lord Chancellor Clarendon, who bad been hit 
papiL He died 17 Oct. 1661. 

• BloxaiD (ii. p, cul gives the name of seventeen fellows and of eight demiei 
«fco wen festoied in July of this year. The aii here referred to may be ' Drope, 
Taylcni, Giles and other ejected fellows' whose petition for restoration was 
ndond by tbe Lords to a Committee on the same day (iS May) that the order for 
Dt. Oliver'* tcstoraUon was issued, (ib. p. cxix.] 

' Ml. R. S. Rail kindly informs me that among those who were restored by an 
orier of the (louse of Lords, dated 19 May, 166a, were William Barker, fellow 
iCll, Tieir of Hardwicbe 1661, died 1669; Robert Grove, fellow 16 jg, died 1663 ; 
Jolm Bceslcy, fellow 1633, resigned 1663, died 1667 ; John Geeres, fellow 1640, 



134 ^^^ FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

And o^ quondam Chancello' y^ lA Marqnesse of Hartford hath 
pcored an Order to confirme him Chancello'^ No more at present, 
tomorrow I will to Court, and then you shall heare further by y« next 
From Geo. Johnson ' (at Carlile) to my lady *, thus — I haue this day 
feed a letter firom Mr Carr\ who doth assure me y^ my Mr' and lady 
sets forward for y« North upon Monday next *. Hee ^ 
also writes, that my L^ Wharton ', S^ Ph. Musgrave^ S^ 
Edw. Musgr.* and my M' went upon Tuesday in their coach to Green- 
wich within a miles w' the K. lay on Monday night ', and came along 
with his Ma^ into London. Hee writes, all our goods are sent away, 
but y^ nothing as yet of y^ coronaon. The K. was above la houres 
in passing from Cobham to London, y® like show never seen in 
!&ig]and in every parlar. Hee addes, yt iust at sealing both his M' 
and lady did assure him they would set forward upon Monday next, 

lesigned i66a ; Thonuu Grmnt, fellow 1646 ; Robert Bowman, fellow 1646, resigned 
1661 ; and perhaps John Lamphire, fellow 1636, principal of New Lm Hall i66a, 
died 1688. Burrows gives thiiteen altogether as restored in id6o {Register ef 
Visitors of the University ofO:rford^ Camden Society). 

^ William Seymonr (1588-1660), the hnsband of ' the Lady Arabella Stoart,' 
became Earl of Hertford on the death of his grandfether, the ninth earl; was 
created Marquess of Hertford 3 Jnne, 1640; and restored to the dukedom of 
Somerset, by the reversal ef the attabder of his great-grandfather the first doke. 
He was dianoellor of the Univenity from 1643 to 1646, and again in 1660. He 
died that year on the a4th October. The entries in the Register of Cooyocation 
referring to the marquess of Hartford*s continuation in the office of chanceUor are 
printed at length in Clark's Wooits Life emd Times, toL i (O.H.S. xiz) 
p. 318, n. 5. 

' See n. I, p. 5. 

' See n. 5, p. 3 ; and n. a, p. 4. 

* R. P, 391 is a letter dated Penrith Aug. I4«. 1660 from Ra Carr to D. F., 
speaking c^ my master, probably referring to Sir George Fletcher, who had gone 
to a buck-hunting at Noward (NaworthT), and yesterday ' at bowling hee spoake 
with Mr. Musgraue.' Rob: Carr is also mentioned in XVI, p. a4, being then 
probably in Katherine, lady Fletcher's service. 

* Sir George Fletcher, for whom see n. i, p. 5, and for his wife n. 6, p. 8. 

* Philip, fourth Baron Wharton (1613-95-6), a pronounced Puritan, took an 
active part for the Parliament in the Civil War, at the head of his regiment, which 
ran away at Edgehill. He was Speaker of the House of Lords, one of the lay 
members of the Westminster Assembly of Divines, and one of the first to declare 
for WiUiam IH. 

* Seen. 5, p. 131. 

* Sir Edward Musgrave of Hayton, created baronet of Nova Scotia 1638, 
a strong royal partisan in the civil wars, expended estates of the value of £aooo per 
annum. He married Mary, daughter of Sir Richard Graham of Netherby. 

* From Canterbuiy, where Whitelocke says Charles heard sermons, ' he came on 
Monday to Rochester* and 'On Tuesday, May the a9^ he set forth from Rochetter 
in his coach.' (Englemttsjoy^ in Somers* TVacts^ voL viL p. 4ao sq.) 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

if not sooner. My master (s"" Geo: Johnson ') hath >■" money ready, 
to ihai all retumes will be made good : whereof hce desires my lady 
to give you notice, in case any body came from you hilher. I have 
tent you y" Fine' back againe, since there is no pbabilily y' it should 
Sad him in London, and so might be in danger to miscarry. My Lady 
desires you to excuse her to Mr*' Fleming for not writing to her: but 
ihee hath written earnestly to Mr Benjamin Ellison ' about y> malting, 
that hee would send one of his men with Mirehouse ' to help him to 
buy it, and send it away ihis weeke without faile. This (1 thinke) is all. 
i»ve onely the lender of my humble service to y' good lady, and y* 
lady Bridget, with many thankes lo her for the loan of her horse, 
W^ I brought home againe in very good plight. I am 



Jme 4". 1660. 




Yours 

This printed sheet will adde yet something 
further. You may retume it by the next. 
These 
For Daniel Fleming Esquire 
At RydalL 

LXV. 
Thomas Skith to Dasizl Fleming {386). 

1 have rec^ yo" by this Bearer, Since w" I presume you have 
got yo» Diumall, w' you have y most of w' Newes this Post brings. 
From Mr Tolson ' onely this, yt M. G. Harrison * is pitcht upon for 

' See D. I, p. £. ' See AdditiooiE Noto. 

' A ncTca, it wonld wem, «t Newoutle, u Lad; Flelcbet writei from Cocker- 
■oothli June, 1660, toD,F,(^.i'.. 38;); ' Mt. ElUsoa writei mce ward tbit hee 
halli got* tlie maltiDg ' for 4^ a yud, w*** comet in *]) lo 1" ^■o' lor 71 "poAt, and 
Ae cUTUge from NewoMle hithet £•.' A* to what (alloin In tbig tetter, * 
poMscript to L«d; Flelcber's letter addf ; ' Let Bidd; know tbat her hone ihtll 
■dc aMhing. I keep it beotiie of our ioumey (o Hntton, but it huh not led *tij 
castes UDce it csoie lait fi6 Kjdali,' 

* Sec AdditioQAl Notes. 
•SceB.6, p, 118. 

* Tbomu HatiisoD, a pfomiDest PirliunentanaD of citreine political and 
rdigioos viewi, lery lealons in bringing the King 10 trial, presenl at nearly every 
BeetiDg of the liigh contt of justice, dgned the dealh-wamnt, wai appointed 
dvii^ Crommll'i abcence In Ireland (o the chief miliury command in England. 
IL C. in tbe tot it for Major-GeneraL He wa^ uupccted of directing the moie- 
waOx of the utatMiplini in 1654, and was under arrett terenl timn between then 
■ad 1658. Wltea tbe Kcxtonlion ippioacbed he tefnied eitbci to pfooitc not to 



136 THE FLEMINGS Iff OXFORD 

one yt is to be excepted both as to life A estate* That Capt: Stud- 
holme ^ is under examinaon, for some dangerous words uttered by him 
apt his Ma^ & y^ Lilly* is in trouble for some words formerly 
printed by him against his late Ma^. 

From H. Rob. ' thus — Our adversary Studholme was apprehended 
yesterday by S^ >^^am Carleton ^ at y« house of one Sturdy a Quaker*- 
(there is a dangerous accusation put in against him, as to y® life of 
his Ma^y) where I found Dr Carleton ' his Ma^^ chaplaine, &c. Some 

disturb the goremment, or to lave his life by flight ; tnd wu accordingly arrested 
at his house in Staffordduve early in May, 1660. He was one of the seven persons 
oriifinally excepted from the Act of Indemnity (June 5), was tried Oct 11, and 
ezecnted at Charing Cross Oct 13. Pepys Welit to see his eiecntioni < he lok>king 
as cheerful as any man conld do in that condition.' (Z). N. B,^ s. ▼.) 

^ This is probably Captain Cnthbert Stndholme, Mayor of Carlisle 165 a, one of 
the Sequestration Commissioners for Comberlandi hence called below 'onr 
adversary.* He was apjpoifited a Commissioner so Sept 1650. (Co/, of Camm, 
for Com/,, 31a.) A Michael Stndholme, probably one of the same family, whom 
Tnllie (Siegx of CarliiUy p. 1, ed. Jefferson, one of the Carlisle TVacU^ 1840) calls 
'strange men,' was one of the leaders of the ' Rascall rout ' which in 1643 tried to 
make the parliamentary canse prevail in Carlisle. Routed and pursued towards 
Abbey Holme, their leaders proceeded next year to invite General David Leslie to 
besiege Carlisle. 

' William Lilly (i6oa-8i), the astrologer, was taken into custody at the 
Restoration and rigidly examined by a Committee of the House of Commons 
respecting his knowledge of the details of Charles I's execution. He asserted that 
the executioner was Comet Joyce. He had attended the king's trial, and on 
6 Jan. 1648-9 he published < A peculiar Prognostication astrologically predicted 
according to art, whether or no his Majestic shall suffer Death this present yeare 
1649 ! ^^ Possibility thereof discussed and divulged.' {D, N, B,^ s. v.) 

' Humphrey Robinson, see n. i, p. loo. 

* Sir William Carleton, of Carleton near Penrith, b. 1607, married firstly 
Dorothy daughter of Sit Christopher Dalston of Acombank, Knt, secondly 
Barbara di^ughter of Robert Delaval of Cowpen In Northumberland. His first 
wife was maternal aunt of Christopher Dalston who married Bridget Fletcher^ 
D. F.'s sister-in-law. His male heirs fiedled in the next generation. A younger 
brother of his grandfather had however migrated to Ireland, and became the 
ancestor of the present Lord Dorchester. 

* Perhaps the same as Thomas Stordy, of Moorhouse, bom to the inheritance 
of a handsome estate, who at an early age joined the Society of Friends, v^as 
imprisoned for ten years in Carlisle gaol i66a-7a for refusing to take the oath 
of allegiance, and from 1684 till his death for absenting himself from public 
worship. (R. S. Ferguson, Early Cumberland and Westmorland Friends ^ p. 109.) 

* Guido (Guy) Carleton entered Queen's College, Michaelmas Term, i6ai, 
was matriculated so May, 1625, aged ao, proceeded B.A. 15 Feb. 1625-6, M.A. 
39 Jan. 1628-9; was junior proctor 1635-6; proceeded D.D. a Aug. 1660. He 
was elected taberdar of the College 38 June, 1625, and Fellow, 30 October, 1630. 
He was bom at Brampton Foot in Gilsland, Cumberland. He became vicar of 
fiucklebuiy, Berks> chaplain to the King, dean of Carlisle and canon of Durhain 



The FLEMINGS IN OXFOR 



W 



ef the Ministers of our cily do petition, and have spurred on our 
CoAon Councill lo do y* Kke, lo put y K. in mind of the Covenant ', 
but wee heare j-* for ye present It is obstructed at y" Conion Councill, 
and wee beleive (if it should come lo y« Houses) they would not passe 
it Wee thinke these Ministers do it tlie rather, because tite remainder 
of our Bp* are about the K. and y* Comon praier begins to spread '. 
XP Reynolds ' refused to signe their Petition. Mr Calamy * declines 



tn 1660, was biiliopof Biutol from 1671 to 1G79, uid of Chicboter from 1G79 to 
hil dcatb Bt \VeilminEter 6 July, ifiSj. He ii buried in Cbicheiter Calhednil. 
His life \i in ^^'□Dd's Alhtna, and m D.N.B. lie muit not be confounded 
with Gem^ Carleton of St. Edmond Hall who was bishop of Chicbeitei orliei 
In the centni;, who had been a pupil of Bernard Gilpin, ' llic aposlle of the Noitli,' 
and wrote hii life. 

' In 1650, ol Breda, before atarting for Scotland, Charles had boimd himulf to 
take ibe covenant, and later in the lame year he bad lamented In a solemn 
n his father's oppositioa thereto. Ob the fiixl of January, iG^i, at hil 
n St Scone be swore lo observe the same, and the people iwoie allegiance 
to him according to the smne. It was natoral tberefore that the piesbylerians 
wbti had brought him back sbonld raise the qnestioa of hii present itlttnde to 
iL The; were not left long in doubt, On 15 Oct. 16&0 a modenle declaratioi) 
wt* ismed, but when, 36 November, Serjeant Holes proposed a bill lo give the 
declaration the force of law, it was redsled by the court party and rejected, 
•nd the convention parliament was soon after dissolved. On the 17th May in 
(he following year the solemn league and covenant was with several acts of 
padiaieciit ordered lo be burnt In the midst of Westminiler Hall by the bands 
of the common hangman. (Lingard.) 

* The use of the Book of Common Prayer seems only to have been gradually 
niiiDeil. On the ist July, 1660, Pepys goes 'lo the Abticy, where a good sermon 
bjr • ttranger, bnl no Common Prayer yet.' Neit Sunday he went to White Hall 
dnpel, 'the lirsl time that ever I remember to have heard the organs and 
dnging-mea in surplices in my life.' On the lad he 'read piayen out of the 
Conmon Prayer Book, the first time that I ever read prayers in this borne.* 
On the igth at White Hall Chapel ' the ceremoniei did not please me, they 
ds » overdo them.' Aug. £ he goes to St. Margaret's, Westminster, ' where the 
(m time I ever heard Corrunou Prayer in that church.' As late as 4 Nov. he 
goe* ' to cmr own church,' St. Olave's Han Street, ■ where Mr. Mills did begin lo 
nibble at the Common Prayer, by saying ' Glory be lo the Father, &c.' after be 
kad read the two psalms ; bat the people bad been so Utile used lo it, that they 
eonid not tell what to answer.' On the following Sunday ' did Mr. Mills begin to 
fead all the Common Prayer, which 1 was glad of.' 

* Edmimd Calamy, the elder (i6oo-tS6), B.D. of Pembroke Hall, Cambridge, 
me of the authois of ' Smectymnuus,' which denied the apostolic origin of liturgies, 
and the divine right of the episcopacy. He was one of the Westminster Assembly 
<rf Dittoes 1643, and took the covenant. He eagerly promoted the restoration of 
ibe monarchy, was swoiu chaplaiii-iB-uidinary in Jnne, 1660, but preached only 
cnoe in that capadly. He declined the bishopric of Lichfield and Coventry, took 

part at the Savoy coniuenc^ wat ejected on the passing of the Act of 



^38 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

7« Chaplaineship, rather then read y^ booke of Com: pn in Surplice 
& Tippet Sequesterd Ministers are left (by Proclamaon newly 
published) to the benefit of the law, by w«^ meanes they will loose 
this yeare's pfit \ S' Geo: Fletcher is on his way Northward. 

From T. Lampl: • thus — Secretary Nicholas • is returned w**^ y« K. 
and hath his lodgings (for himselfe & family) in Whitehall. His son 
Mr John Nicholas ^ is made Clerk of y Councill. Mr Guy Carleton ' 
(formerly Fellow and Proctor of our Coll:) is Doctor, 8c one of the 
Kings chaplaines. Kit Musgr:' is one of his Lifeguard, and his 
brother Simon ^ waites upon y« D. of Glocester. Afi^res here go well, 
and tend to settlem^, though some would make interruption, by crying 
up y« Solemne league and Cov^. but it will not do ; y« major part is 
resolved apt it. Power is given by y« H. of Lords to y« Chan* 
cellours of both Univeraties, to see y^ all Colledges in both U. be 
governed according to their severall statutes, and yt such persons as 
haue been unjustly ejected be restored to their places". This S^, with 

Unifonnity i66a, was the fint nooconfonnist imprisoned for disobeying the Act, 
but was soon set free; died of a broken heart at seeing London in ashes 39 Oct. 
1666, and was boried near the pnlpit inthe rnins of his own chnrch of Sl Mary 
Aldermanbnry. His grandson of his own name (1671-1732) was the biographical 
historian of nonconformity. (Z). N, B^ s. v.) 

^ By the Act as Charles IL cap. 17, danse 4, it was provided 'that every 
Ecclesiastical Person aforesaid, who shall be removed, shall or may enjoy the 
Tithes, Profits, Dnties, Glebes and Houses therennto belonging, nntil the said 
five and twentieth Day of December next ensuing, and shall then upon such 
Removal peaceably leave or yield np the PossessioD thereof. 

' See n. 3, p. 131. 

* Edward Nicholas entered Queen's College in Easter Term, 1610, matriculated 
35 October, 161 1, aged 18, 'generosi filius.* He was bom 4 April, 1593, and 
entered the Middle Temple as student 161 x, as son and heir of John Nicholas, 
of Winterboume Earls, Wiltshire, gent He was M.P. for Winchilsea i6ai-a, 
1624-5, and for Dover 1628-9, he was knighted a6 Nov. 1641, secretary to George, 
Duke of Buckingham, principal secretary to Cliarles I 1642-1649, an exile with 
Charles H, declined a peerage, died i Sept 1669, buried in Horsley Church, 
Surrey. Some papers connected with his life as an undergraduate at Queen's 
College are in the Record ofiioe. (Clark's CUkgu of Oxford^ p. 140.) His life 
)a\jiD.NB. 

^ John Nicholas entered Queen's College as Upper Commoner in Lent Term, 
1640-1, matriculated as January, aged 17, son of Edward, afterwards Sir Edward. 
He became a student of the Middle Temple 1647, was knighted April, 1661, was 
M.P. for Ripon 1661-78, Wilton 1679-81 and 1685-7, died 9 January, 1704-5. 

* See n. 6, p. 136. 

* See n. 5, p. a8. 

' See n. 5, p. 40. The circumstances of his death are narrated in LXXV. 

* Die Lunse 4 die Junii. Ordered by the Lords in Parliament assembled, dial 
the ChanccUora of both Univenitiet shall take case that the several CoUeges in tlit 



r bomble service t 
Ppresent from 



OXFORD 139 

I lady and Madam Bridget is ail at 
Yo" 



For Daniel Fleming Esq' 
these at 

Rydalt. 

LXVI. 
Dr. Thomas Smith to Daniel Fleming (418), 

Upon my relume from Carlile yesternight I met with yo* letter, 
ind am %-ery glad to heare you are all well at Rydall. I will try w* 
may be done with Scott ' as to y" exchange of yo' booke, tho' I am but 
Opon the same teraies with him slill as you are. For the lale plott', 
I here send you a copy of w* I rec' by j* last Post from Joseph ' : 

wid UniTcnlty ihntl be goverDed according to Iheir rcspectiTc Statutes. And that 
wch petKNU, who bave been unjoBtly put ont of their Headships, Fellowships, or 
MtiM Offices rrliting la the several Collegei or UDiveTsitin. may Iw restored acccinl- 
iac to the Slid Sutuie* of the UniTcifitiet and Fonnden of Colleges therein. 
(VTmhI'k Hitlory and ^ntiquiliei ef tht University of Oxford, edited by Gntch, 
wl. iLpt H1796), p. 699.) 

' See n. 10, p. 99. 

* lliil U jiul too caily for Venner's ODlbreak, which took place in the night 
hntVMii the 6lh and 7th Janniry, 1660-1. What b probably referred lo is tho* 
llf liiilii 1I Id Ludim/'t Mtmeiri (ed. Firth), 1894, ii. jaS:— 'Least the people 
■hotdd, opon the disEoIntii>n of this auembty (ihe Convention Parliament), form 
a body of men, and assert their liberties, it was pretended that ■ cr^t plot to 
Kite the Khtg and the Tower, to kill the Qneen with all those thai should be found 
of the French nation, and lo restore the Pailiamenl, wal earrving on throughout 
&i£l>sd. Under this colour Major-CJenerBl Overton, Colonel DesboroDgb, 
Colooel Salmon. Lieulenant-Colonel Farley, Major Whilby, and divers other 
penoni were seiied in London ; and Colonel Dnckecfield, Major Anthony Mo^an. 
•nd teoetsl otben were imptiioncd in the conatry.' 16 December Pepyi ' sui- 
priaed with the news ofa plot against the King's person, and my Lord Monk's,' 
wtst to 'the Guard in Scotland Yard' where he beard Major-General Overton 
'deny that he is guilty of any such things.' 

' Joseph Willianuon entered Queen's College as batler September, 1650, and was 
■dBbriGuUled 18 No*. l6jo, the same day as D. F. He proceeded B.A. a Feb. 
1^53*41 *nd M.A. by diploma, being then in France as tntor to a son of the 
lIuqoeH of Ormonde, 11 Nov. 1657. He incorporated st Cambridge 1659, and 
wBi created D.C.L. 17 June, 1674, lieing then President of the Koyul Society. He 
wasclectcdWiUoo Exhibitioner ii June, 1653, Taberdar i December, 1653, Fellow 
Kovcmber, l6j7, to be admitted ' quim dl6 i Gallii ad collegium rtdietit.' On 
tlie l^lh Jnly. 166a, a letter was addresfcd to the Provost and Fellows by command 
a( King Chaitei II recommending them ' to dispense with those Ductye* which are 
ioGunbcnt on him u a Member of' the Society, ' for so long a tine u the exigence 



140 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

some flying reports I heare of ye L^ Fairfax \ but not anything of 
certainty. The last weeke save this I had a letter from him, but little 
of newes, save that S^ Ph: Musgrave at last is (for certaine) made 
Gov of Carlile • : and y* yo* licence was deliverd to Geo: Johnson • y* 
very day on w<* Joseph wrote, viz: the ii**^ instant, so y* I admire 

of* the King's ' Affairs may require, without prejudioe to hinL* His finther of the 
same name was vicar of Bridekiric in Cumberland. He was barrister-at-Uw of the 
Middle Temple 1664 and of Lincoln's Inn 167a. He was M J*, for Thetford in five 
Parliaments, and for Rochester in four between 1669 and his death 3 Oct 1 701. He 
also held seats in the Irish Parliament He was successively secretary to Sir 
Edward Nicholas and to Sir Henry Bennett (afterwards Lord Arlington), whom he 
succeeded as Secretary of State in June, 1674. He was knighted 24 Jan. 167 i-a, 
being then clerk to the coundL He was educated at St Bees and Westminster 
schools ; founded the London Gazette, which sprang from the news-letters he used 
to disperse as keeper of the paper office (see n. i, p. 100). He was master of the 
Clothworkers' ComtMuay in 1676. He married Dec. 1678 Catharine dau. of 
George Stuart, lord d'Aubigny, and widow of Henry 0*Brien, lord Ibrackan, and 
was buried in the duke of Richmond's yault in Henry VII's chapel m Westminster 
Abbey4 He was a great friend to Queen's College and Queen's College men,» 
adopted an eagle as his crest and ' Sub umbra tuarum alarum * as his motto. He 
befriended especially William Lancaster, afterwards provost, and William Nicolson, 
afterwards bishop of Carlisle and of Derry. We khall find much of him and about 
him further on. His life is in Z>. M B, 

^ Fairfax had probably brought himself under snspicion by the vigour with 
which he supported the view that a general indemnity ought to be granted for all 
that had passed, without any exception. He went so far as to say ' that if any 
person must be excepted, he knew no man that deserved it more than himself, who 
being General of the army at that time, and having power to prevent the pro- 
ceedings against the King, had not thought fit to make use of it to that end.* 
{Lttdhtt^s Menwirs^ iL a68.) Although he had done so much to forward the 
Restoration, he returned to Nun Appleton without either honours or rewards^ 
where he died la Nov. 1671. (Z>. N. B,, s. v.) 

* When King Charles marched with his Army to Barwick, The L' Clifford, 
being one of y* Leuetenants for y* four Nothem Counties, appointed S*^ Philip 
Musgrave Collonell of y* trained band regiment of foote in Cumberland and West- 
moreland. (This was in 1639.) Among many other sufferers in y* Royal cause, 
S' Philip Musgrave attended his Ma^ (1660) at his first coming to London, and 
was received by him with acknowledgement of his sufferings and promises of 
reparation; but by reason y* Co^ Charles Hovrard, of Naward, had then y« 
command of Cumberland and Westmerland, and had been instrumental in some 

'measure in his Ma*7* restauration, y* King could not so suddenly restore S' Philip 
Musgrave to his former command, but he did malce him Justice of Peace in 
a counties and Custos Rotulorum in Westmerland, Deputy Lieutenant in both 

counties, and had a very speciall trust in his faithfulness (At the end of the 

year) y* King continuing his opinion of his faithfulness made him Govemour of 
Carlile, mauger y* opposition of Lord Leuetenant of Cumberland and Westmoor- 
land. See Burton's Lift of Sir Philip Musgrave^ Bart., Carlisle, 1840 (one of the 
Carlisle Tracts\ pp. 6, 38, 39. 

* See n. z, p. fi. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFoW' 141 

yeo beard ooCUng from George about it the last weeke. S' Geo: hia 
Patent ' is now drawne, and wa3 to paase y" scale on Wednesday last. 
On Friday last I reci (by one of f Atturneys) a broad Scale' from 
M» Nicholas for D' Banvicks Prebend in y^ Church of Durham', 
whither 1 thinke I shall make a iourney about y" end of the Holy- 
dajcs. For y* rest I referre you to ys paper inclosed, desiring y> tender 
^ of my humble service to yo' good Lady, and remaining ever 
^^^m Yo' most affectionate friend 

^^H D«c: 15". 1660. Tuo: Smith * 

^H Foi 

^V Da 

^F Sh< 

^V I am 



CodrennoDth, 
Dec: JS". 1S60. 

For my much honoured friend 
Daniel Fleming Esquire, high 
Shcriffe of y« county of Cum- 
berland these. 

at 
Rydall. 



LXVII. 
Dit. Thomas Sutu to Daniel Fleuikg (485). 



I am very glad to find by yo' letters (as also by w' M''' Fleming 
writes to my Lady*) y' you begin now both of you lo grow weary of 
London : we shall hope to see you in f countrey againe y" sooner, 
Bui I cannot hcare y' M" Bridget is at all weary of it, any more than 



' Sm Additional Notes. 

■ Tbe bnwd seal is the Great Seal of England, now kept in the cottodjr of the 
Lord Chancellor, \a contrast to tlie Privy seal. Broad seal bere meaoi a writ, 
letter or order nnder the king'a Great Seal, letters patent ns we should now nty. 
Priry Seal is so uwd in the PasloH Letters, No. 315, in 1459 (vol. i. p. 438), and 
in an Act of Eliiabeth, 37 Elit c, 3, ( 6, in 1585. So Dr. Mnrray and Mr. F. J. 
SwtsUnaD kindly infonn me. 

• John Barwick. fcllow of SL John's CoUegr, Camhiidge, held the eighth stall 
in Dtitham Cathedral in 1641, and resigined it tor the toanh in 1641, in which 
]lm*ner be was never installed. He was made dean of Durham at the Restora- 
tloa, and in Oct. 1661 was removed to the deanery of St. Paul's, London. I-lis life 
it in D.N.B. Thomas Smith was collilcd 16th March, 1660-1, and instiilled 
mU> Jul; following. He resigned llie Iborlh stall for the first in 1668, and resigned 
Ikia in 1A84 OD tieing made bi^op of Carlisle. 

• This letter ii i^led with an eagle diiplajed, probably for Queen's College. 
His pri'ate armi ore Or, a chevron between three crosses pattee fitiJiy sable. 
(Bedford's Slaien of Episcepary, ed. 1, p. 14J.) 

■ Katherine, lady Fletcher, Mn. Fleming's mother; see notes I aiid >, p. 4> 



142 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

her Cosin Anne ^; or whether we are not in sequall danger of losing 
them both. I was in good hopes of hearing something from you by 
this last Post touching I> Lamplugh * : Humphrey Rob: * tells me it is 
an Ague, & y^ Mr Beeby ^ likewise is sick of it I question not but 
yo' next will fiilly resolve me. I rec^ a letter last Satturday from y^ 
Unde John Kirkby ^ wherein he acquaints us y^ they are alh well at 
Connyston ', and so (praised be God) are we all here : but sorry to 
hear y^ yoF Lady hath not been well, ft y^ her maid continues still so 
very ill. The Diumall hath told us y« Titles of all y^ new Acts, w«^ 
hath set my teeth a watering for a Sight of some of them, but much 
more for the new book of Com: praier, w^ I presume will be extant 
now suddainely^ y^ Triall of Lambert ft Vane' has been so long 

^ Anne, eldest daughter of Sir Thomas Sandford, of Howgill Castle, baronet 
(see n. 5, p. 9)^ and of Bridget, daughter of Sir Geoige Daiston, of Dalston, knt., 
and sister to Catherine, lady Fletcher. M^ Bridget Fletcher and Anne Sandford 
were therefore first cousins. 

' See n. 3, p. 131. 

' Robinson, see n. i, p. loa 

* John Beeby (according to Robinsoo, Ri^Ur of Merchant Tt^lorf School^ 
i. 171, but f) was b. 3 Apr. 1633, in the parish of St Olave, Southwark, third son 
of Robert Beebey, leatherMUer, and was educated at Merchant Taylors* School ; 
he entered Queen's College, as batler, in Easter Term, 1647, matriculated 14 June, 
1649, was elected Dudley Exhibitioner (see n. a, p. 119) 9 Aug. 1650 at Oriel 
College, at the request of the executors of Dr. Dudley; proceeded B.A. 15 May, 
1651 ; elected Wilson Exhibitioner 7 August, 165a (being then 'in Artibns Bacca^ 
laureus, h Comitatu Cumbrise,' according to the CoUege R^^ister), proceeded M.A. 
a Febr. 1653-4, elected fellow Oct 1654, admitted a Feb. 1654-5, incorporated 
at Cambridge 1656, proceeded B.D. aS June i66a. submitted to the Visitation by 
the Parliamentary Conunissioners (Burrows, 76), proceeded D.D. at Cambridge 
1670, Ticar of Culham, Oxon, 1664 ; rector of Headley, Hants, 167a. He married 
Christopher Wood (Antony*s brother) to Elisabeth Seymour in Queen's CoUege 
Chapel, 13 April, 1658 ; and was godfuther to Robert, son of Robert Wood (another 
brother of Antony's), in 1663. He was a crony of Anthony's, and died, it would 
seem, of a malignant fever in Oxford, 19 Oct 167a, and was buried in Queen's 
Collie ChapeL (Claric's Woocfs Lift, it 351, y. 10, 13.) 

* See n. 5, p. 4. 

* See n. a, p. i. John Kirkby seems to have lived at Coniston after D. F.'s 
removal to Rydal. 

^ The king had promised that the Book of Common Prayer should be revised 
by a commission of divines from the church of England and * the dissenting 
brethren.' They met at the Savoy Mar. 35, i66a, but could come to no agreement 
This was the conclusion which had been expected and desired. Charles had 
already summoned the convocation. Certain amendments andadditions were adopted, 
and the book in its approved fDrm was sanctioned by the king, and sent by him to 
the House of Lords. (Lingard, vol. vii. cap. 6.) 

* Lambert and Vane had been excepted by name in the bill of indemnity. They 
litie tiied 6 Junc^ i66a« Lambert appealed to the royal meicy, and thoufli 



-THE FLEMINGS IJV OXFORD 

expected, * so often put off, y' Tie not tbinlt of it now any more, till 
1 hear tl Is over: y rather because it will not signify much, if (as the 
common voice goes) they are as good as pardond before-hand. My 
bumble service (I pray) to your good Lady, M™ Bridget, Madam 
Sandford', Mr Newman' & his good Lady: as also (o Mr Dean of 
Paula ' (If returned) and to his brother, with my true love to honest 
Joeej^ *. I am S' very affectionately 
JDDci. 1663 Yours T. S. 

We are all overioyed to hear of y* great satisfacofi w"'' y« K. and Q. 
take in each other '. 

^Fo^ Daniel Fleming 
Esquire these. 
P 
MyBroi 



To be left at Grayes Innc 
gate Holborne. 

London, 



Lxvin. 



Joseph WauAKsoN to Dakiel Flbhing (490). 
My Brother * haueing sometime since had a promise from S' Phil. 



d to detlh vu tint impHsoned id GoemK^, and aflenmrdi it Plymouth, 
■bete he died in 1684. V«ne boldly mainltined hii principlcB, uid snfleted 00 
Tower-hill, Jtine 14. 

' Bridget, lady Sondrord, ice n. 1, p. t4>. By letters patent of Jama I, the 
«ii*a of baroncU have the titlea of ' L«dy, Madam, and Dame,' at their plealDrc 
prefixed )□ their names. (BodIcII'i Bngiiik Heraldry, 1S99, p. 105.) 

• A letter to D. F. from Sir George Fletcher dated i." Jnne, l66i (R. P., 486), is 
■ddrcMed ' For Daniel Fleming Esqnlre at Loadoa. Leaoe this at Mr. Robert 
Newnuut a barber in the Strand neaie the new exchange London.' For the ' cevr 
•Mbaoge ' Kc n. 6, p, 95. 

• Dr. BMwiek, for whom leen. 3, p. 141. Hi» brother was Peter, one of the king'i 
pfa)>«iciui«. one of the few who stayed at their posts in the plagae of i66j. They 
•NR both bom at Witber^lack, in the parish of Betham in the «iiith-wciterD comer 
Cf Westmorland where it touches Morccambe bay. and educated at Sedbergh 
School. Sec Stditr^ SeiealJiegutcr (tSgi), pp. 7isqq., andNicolsoo and Bnm, 
i. iji ten. 

• S«en. 3, p. 1,19. 

• On the other hand Hume (ff'r/- ^fnf.iChKp. 63) referring to 'tbclnawpldoni 
Btrriage with Catherine,' desciibea ha aa ' a princeii of virtue, but who was 
M*u able, either by the gnces of her person or humoitr, to inalcc herself agieeabtc 
loAlldlic.' 

• Cegrge WUIiamtea, brother of Joseph, freqaeatly occur* In the Caleadu of 



144 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

Warwicke ^ to be a Farmer to y Excise, (if it should be lett to farme) 
(ft: finding it will be disposed of to such as come recommended from 
j^ Justices of 7^ County (Letters being this week despatched from y* 
King & y* W Treasurer to y« respective Sheriffes for giueing notice 
thereof) My humble suit is That you would please to giue My Broths 
y(^ owne hand (if y^ thinke him proper) &, interest him in yc^ oth' 
friends of y^ Bench, especially in S' George Fletcher, to whom I like- 
wise intend y* next post to make it my owne request '; but shall 
duefely build on yo^ mediation ; wherein I beg you will deferre no 
time, lest he be preengaged. My Broth' I hope will study to deserue 
yoi^ friendship & kindnesse in this & what else may conceme him att 



Domestic State Papen, e^. la Oct 1659 he writes from Bridekirk to his brother 
that he will furnish him with a yery fine colt when he comes into the country. He 
is now breaking one in for his own wife. 16 Apr. 1660 he informs his brother 
that Lord Howard and Sir Wilfred Lawson haye been elected members for Yoric- 
shire, Mr. Wilfred Lawson and Rich. Tolson for Cockermouth, Mr. Briscoe and 
Major Tolhurst for Carlisle. Sir George [Fletcher] opposed my Lord and Sir Wilfred 
but came short. 11 August 1660 he is appointed Comptroller in the Port of 
Carlisle in the place of Richard Orfeur deceased. 26 Not. 1660 he asks his 
brother if the excise will be continued on farm ; if so, wishes him to obtain Cumber^ 
land and Westmorland for himself and Mr. Tickell at 150/. a year, though they 
would rather pay 1000/. than miss it. He also asks who farms the Salt Excise in 
^gland ; would be glad to collect it for Cumberland ; will give 100^. a year for 
it, and a present of aoo/. to his brother for obtaining it for him. Later on in the 
same year he gives his brother information as to the value of the farm of the excise 
jn Cumberland and Westmorland, and advises him to offer 1500/. for it, when he 
will gain 1000/. a year, and yet treat the country well ; but rather to give aooo/. 
than let it slip. In another letter he asks for the ale excise and offers him 100/. 
pmd part of the profit; also the salt excise, but as the half is to be taken away it 
might be had for lao/. a year. Both together will be worth aooo/. a year. It 
appears that he was receiver-general of the county as well as comptroller of the 
port of Carlisle. 

^ Sir Philip Warwick (1609-83), son of the organist of Westmmster Abbey, 
secretary to Bishop Juxon 1636, M.P. for Radnor in the long parliament, voted 
ggainst Strafford*s attainder, sat in Charles I's parliament at Oxford, secretary to 
Charles I at Hampton Court 1647, fined as a delinquent, M.P. for Westminster 
1661, secretary to the Earl of Southampton lord high treasurer till 1667, died 
15 Jan. 1682-3 ; wrote Memoires of the Reigne of King Charles I, and a Discourse 
of Government, both published posthumously. (JD. N, B,^ s. v.) 

' ai July, i66a, Sir George Fletcher wrote to Joseph Williamson regretting his 
inability to serve him in his brother's business ; Sir Patrick Curwen and Sir Edw. 
Musgrave were the first offered to the bench, and they prevented all other pretenders. 
An^ eariier letter from George to Joseph had asked him not to press for it for him 
as Sir Edward Musgrave and Sir Philip intend to procure the fanning of it, and 
have engaged that he shall be partner. {Calendar rf State Papers, Domestic^ 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 145 

tny time in j^ Country, howeu^ rest assured I shall owne them as to 
myselfe, ft be euer ready to deserue y« title of 

t^ Jmie ^^ ™<^ humble & faithfnU Serv^ 

I^«- JOSXPH WlLUAXSON 

For my euer hono'^ friend Daniel 
Flemming Esq' att his lodgeings 
neare y« seuen starres* 
oner against Somersett house yard in y« 

Strand. 
or to be left at Mr Newman's* a Barber neare 
y^ new exchange hast 

LXIX. 
Thomas Wells' to Daniel Fleiong (S79)- 

Most hono«ed friend, 
Hoping it is in yO^ power (Sir) to doe mee good concerning the 
scboole of Blencow^, & yt yo^ wilbe pleased to be mindefull of mee, 
& get S^ Geo. Fletcher subscribe to yt note I let yo' worP see {yc^ 
man Job. Bankes' haith it) I onely desire they would make triall of 
mee for a yeare, & if by yo' won« meanes I attaine it, I doubt not but 
(god willing) by diligence & paines to give content, but after a 
jeares experience (vpon warning given mee) I shall freely desert y« 
place if I shall not demerite it. some thinkes mee (I pceive) of too 
weake abilitie, yet I will leame scarce of any I know (absit vlla arro- 
gantia) methodically to instruct y« rudim^ of both Lat. & Gr. tongue, for 

^ See Additional Notes. 
' See n. 2, p. 143. 

* Perhaps Thomas Welles, son of Thomas Wells, gent., of ThnrmerstOD (Thof' 
meston), Leicestershire ; bom at Thurmerston ; school, private at Bartby ^Barkbjr), 
Leicestershire (Mr. Foe) for 3 years ; who was admitted penstoner of St John's 
College, Cambridge, 34 April, 1640, aet. 17 ; sarety Mr. CleiTcland. ^AdmUncnt 
to St. Johns College^ Cambridge, Part I, p. 53.) He entered the same day as 
Richard Kirkbye (for whom see n. i, p. 9), son of Roger Kiricbyc, esq., of Kirkby, 
Lancashire ; bom at Kirkby ; school, private at Moncaster, Cumberland ' Mr. Ratter), 
for 2 years ; admitted pensioner, surety Mr. Braithwait, aet 14. Wells' aoqnaintaaoe 
with Kirkby may have brought him down to the north and introduced him to D. F« 

* Blencow school was founded by Thomas Burbank in 1577 and endowed with 
lands in Cumberland and Northamptonshire. Its endowments amonnted la \%i% 
to jf 196. Its most eminent scholars were George Whitehead the Quaker, aad the 
first Lord EUenborough. (Carlisle's Grammar School t, L 1 70.) BIcdcow is a station 
on the line to Keswick from Penrith, not far from the latter. 

' See n. i, p- 3* 

L 



146^ THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

these two pts of speech onely I desire to make pfect (vizt a Noune and 
a verb) reliquae ptes sunt quasi ancillae ad comitandu ob multum opus 
ad oratione pficiendam ; I saying still learne these, & leame all. 'tis 
not vnbeknowne to manie w^ small incouragem^ I have had here : 
but there are better helps now, then formerly, & being diligent I can 
(del gratii) instruct and fitt one ad Academiae ubera lactenda, Tho' 
'tis verified non ex quovis ligno fit Mercurius. I will solely build on 
yo' worP« favo' herein, hoping me non surdo occinere fabula ut Cre- 
tenses olim Jovi ; et anima mea prius defecerit qua me tibi tuisq^ (Apolli- 
nare^ caput) ingratQ invenies; et p'ces interim altissimo pro salute tu& 
offeram quotidianas, et dum spiritus hos regit artus 
^ , Tibi in omni officio 

Bownas' . . . 

26 9^» - 63. astnctissimus ero 

Tho. Wells. 
For my most honored & worthy 
friend Daniel Fleming 
£s(]>. att Ride-hall ' 
these in hast 
be sure. 



LXX. 

Dr.* Thomas Smith to Daniel Fleming (6x8). 

St 

I writt to you from Durham to thank you for yours w«li I there 
reed from you : but at my retume hither (y« last night) I found y* my 
Lady had not yet rec^ hers (wherein y* to you was inclosed) w«^ 

^ I have not been able to find the allnsion in Classical or Renaissance literature, 
nor is the use of Apollinaris in the sense of * favoured by Apollo ' classical. The 
vocative in brackets seems to mean * learned sir.* The mention above of the 
Cretans and Jupiter probably has reference to the protection afforded to Rhea at 
the birth of Zeus by the Curetes, who drummed and cymballed to prevent Kronos 
hearing her cries and those of the infant, who is here regarded as unconsdous of 
the noise they were making on his behalf. 

' Bowness is the largest village in the parish of Windermere, near the centre of 
the eastern shore of the lake, eight and a half miles north-west of Kendal. The 
school was built in 1637 ^^^ ^ endowment of £200 provided by subscription of 
the inhabitants of Undermillbeck and Applethwaite, two of the townships of the 
parish. In 1847 the master received about ^60 per annum. (Sayer*s History of 
Weitmorlandy i. 263.) 

* This is his way of spelling Rydal. 

\ Smith WM cxeated D.D. by Diploma zi Dec. 1660. 



H£ FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



m 



P iJo mocb wonder al, for they should have been here the last weeke. 
J my writing of these letiers, I rec^ one from D' Lamplugh ', who 
s then ncwty come up to London, having been sent for Post to 
i: Williamson', who was then dangerously ill of a Fever, but since 
I be praised) he is in a good way of recovery, & y D', is re- 
lumed againe to Oxford, as old Humphrey' informes me since. He 
iddes, y* )■» Dutch & we are like lo accord ', and I hope it will prove so. 
That w^ y" King mainly insists upon (more I believe then )■« matler 
of reparation) is y* y" Pr. of Orange may be restored to y' Command 
of their Armies: but how farre they will think it safe to yield to this, 
especlr 3t a time w" there are such misunderstandings betwixt us and 
them, is y« great question. Atkinson" (you heare) is removed fro 



'S«>! 



1- 3. p- 13'. 
I. 3. p. 139- 



' RobiDson'i news on thit point wns tnlhcr belated. Though on Jane 30 Pcpys 
bad ' GrettI doobts yet whether the Dnlch warr go on or no ' ; by Jaly j8 ' All onr 
diianirae li of a Dutcli watr, and I lind is Hkelf lo come to il, far they are Tciy 
lligh and dcliie not to compliment us at nil, as far as I hear, but to send 
Secic lo Guinny 10 oppose us (here." On Aug. 3 he 
(■ee D. 4, p. 131) and he and I discouned of the lilieltni 
1 think il veiy likely cow, for the Dutch do prepare a tlr 
aad he do think we shaU, though neither of us have a 
prtetically do chance of peace, as Captain Robert IIolii 
pMaenioti oJ the island of Cotee, of Cape Verde and of 
abonl ifaere, had then proceeded in thi 



Coventry 
of a Dutch warr, which 
lo oppose us al Guinny, 
lind lo it.' There WM 
bad by this time taken 
<st of the Dutch slaliona 
ig (be coast of Guinea and 



liaring crossed the Atlantic vas ousting the Dutch from New Amsterdam, c 
aile of the present New York. For the Dutch and English versions of this voyage 
campare Portilis's /ebit dt Will, tiauslated by Stephenson, vol. i. p. 311, and 
Lansbton's life of Holmes in D. N. B. 

* ' A rcbellioot designe being batched in several parts of this kingdom against 
)• King and hi* Government, some trajterous persons in y' County of W'cstmoor- 
Iisd mie ingaged in il under y° command of Robert Atkinson of Malierslang, 
tuid met according to appointment in y" night (Oct. u, 1663] nest to Kiben in 
J* Parish of Kitk by-Stephen, intending to take prisoners and miirder S'' Philip 
(UBSgniej. who at y° same time was at Hartley. w"'ln half a mile where they 
aaichcd, anipccting no danger, for the letlen thai should have given him know- 
ledge of y* general design miscarried, as did y* wicked design of y° rebels, being 
discoTcicd and prevented in Yorkshire by drawing together y* forces of that 
diicovered y* trsilon, and their hearts failing, they did from their 
places of meeting disperse y'Selves wilhoat attempting anything. S'' 
ip Mnigrave, asajsoother Justices of Peace in WestrooorUod, was instrument^ 
y' names of those y' were at this meeting, to apprehend many of 
bring them to Ihcir trials at a Goale delivery held Mar. iS at Appleby, 
before Judge Twesden and Baron Torner. . , . , 4 were condemned ; several 
y* were Bed onllawed ; and 3 chosen by b' Philip to serve ai witnesses, were par- 
doned l>r y* King.' (Burton's Li/e 0/ Sir Philif Musgrave, CuMe, 1S40, pp. 4a, 
L a 



ledge of y' gei 
discoTcicd aoi 

^^^bueral places 
^^^^pllip Mnigra 
^^Hp discovering 
■^^^bcni, and brii 



148 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

Tinmouth to Carlile, by a files of Musqueteers, frd thence he is to 
be brought to Appleby, but not tfll y« time y* y« Judges come 
thither : but w^ part he is to act there, I cannot yet leame : most are 
of opinion he will be hanged, at least they hope & wish he may. 
This is all, save onely my humble service to your good Lady, re- 
maining ever 

Cockennotith, ^ 

Aug: 5«fc. 1664. Yo' vtry affectionate friend 

to serve you 

T. S. 

Mr Wrench ^ reifiberd his service to you againe and againe : as also 
to yo' Uncle Kirkby ", yea and yo^ Cosin John Ambrose • too. 
For his much honourd friend 
Daniel Fleming Esqr 
these at 

Rydall. 

43O It wonld seem fh>m the dttci that Atkinson was among those outlawed at 
the time, though Burnt and Nicolton (i. 55 a) make him to have been executed in 
Mat^ch. Kaben or Kaber Kigg it a place in the parish of Kirkby Stephen, in 
whicK alto Hartley, Mallentang and Winton, whence Bums and Nicolson say 
Atkinson came, are situated. Mallentang it the site of Uther Pendragon's castle, 
spite of whom *Kden will run where Eden ran.* Atkinson had in the days 
of the Commonwealth ute^i force to try to compel 'the Appleby people to 
a Roundhead mayor, and clapped hit hand on his swoid, saying ri2 do ii by Ms* 
(Burnt and Nicolson, I. c") Atkinson seems to haxe been apprehended in Loodoo, 
and was probably bixm^ht to Tynemouth by sea, the easiest way then to tnnqport 
ptisonen to Westmorland. 

* Richard Wrench was admitted to St. John^s CoO^jc, Cambridge, before 1630. 
He was M.A. of the College when. 97 Oct. 16,:^ King Cbailes I desired that he 
aho«)d be cboacn into the next Fonndresse fellowship that shall f$M 'void. He wtt 
^tr admitted to a Fellowship 5 April, 1636, as of the ooimty of Cheshire. There 
mre 9ome letters of his in Latin in Mayor^s edition of Baker^s History of the 
C<41^:e. He acewis to luiw been Tutor 60m i6jt6 to 1645. He was collated by 
Bisltof MoitMi Abewt l)ie year 1^ to the sixth preboid in the cathedral of 
I>«iliain. but was not iMialled tSi iS March, i66o>k He died 96 Octobec; 1675. 

* See n. $. p^ 4. 

' Jobn A«nb^oi^ «ixth win and ninth diild of his h£het of die same name (lor 
wWm we n. ^v 1^ ^^ '*» ^>tt consin om» removed of IV F. wboae gTeat^nDd&tlier 
was Ambr(weS( malemal gimndtatbcr , was educated at SedberB:h aiid Sl John's 
Con^e. Cli«ibri<^ wlMse be wss doctod FeDow in t6^ He was r.v^p>n in la 
tbe R«ival Navy. mkI vfterwsrds^ Rector of Grasmere. He oiitlh>ed lus fi^ dder 
iBUtbejv . wbo Mt tto bein. died unmarried r6 Ai^usa« Y<2S4, having ooowyvd 
Jjomidi. wboe be died, ir he nephew John Lams, son of bis sitter Afnea. TVre 
jsai jfooc pgffmti nf Inm ttt ikydal. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 149 

LXXL 
Dk. Thomas Smith to Djoosl Fixmdsg (630). 

I hope j%m faaTe rec^ mj last by jt)^ ndgUx^ Mr Brathirait \ 
Here is Ixxde of neves since, save j^ our Lammanbj-Sahers* brings 
ns voffd j^ 00 their side of j* coontrej v* report runs high j^ voung 
S^ John Lovtbo*' is prickt for Sheiiffe, & others (I heare) have 
profferd to kj great wagers of it: a litk time will give ns y^ ceitainty 
of iL We expected hoe S^ Rick Sandford^ & Mm Anne* (with our 
Hadun Fiances^ j^ last night, or this day : but we have rec^ a a^ 
message fro M^** Frances, y^ they take Carlile in their way (S' 
Ridiaid & his sister having never seen it) and will not be here till 
tooKXiDv n^ht : from hence, I perceive, they intend for Rydall ; but 
when I know not, & I am resolved not to send you any more false 
Alaimes. I was y« other day at Workington^, where S' Patn * told me 
be had by j^ last Post (in a letter from a good hand) y^ Prince Rupert * 

* Eidier the 'yooDge cosen' of p. 26 or his fitther, for whom see n. 4, ib. 

* See AdditMoal Notes. 

* Thcfe were at this time two baroDets of the name, see n. a, p. 17. Sir John 
Lowther of Sockbridge or of WhitehaTen b the one here meant. He was 
baftiaed so Not. 164s, matricolated from Balliol CoU^e 39 Oct 1657, M.P. for 
Cnmbexlaiid in nine parliaments between 1665 and 1700, a commissioner of the 
Admiralty 1689-96. His wife was Jane, daughter of WooUey Leigh of Addington, 
CO. Siizrey. He was buried at St Bees 17 Jan. 1705-6. He was nerer sheriff 
of Comberiand. He deyeloped the Lx>wther property in the neighboorhood of 
WhitehaTen, which was worth two millions when it passed in 1755 to the elder 
biandi of the fiunily. 

* Sir Richard Sandford, second baronet, of Howgill Castle, Westmorland, son 
and heir of Sir Thomas, and brother of Anne, was murdered in Whitefriars S Sept. 
1675, by Henry Symbol and William Jones, who were executed for the same 
(Bums and Nicolson, i. 388). His wife was Mary, daughter of Sir Francis Bowes, 
of Thornton, co. Durham. At the death of his son Richard in 1733 the baronetcy 
became extinct ' See n. 1, p. 143. 

* Frances, second daughter of Sir Henry Fletcher. She married William 
Fletcher of Moresby and died December, 1670, or Januar}*, 1670-1. K, P. 1187 
is an account of her funeral by D** Smith. 

^ Workington, a small seaport on the north-western coast of Cumberland, one 
of the principal centres of the coal and iron trade of that part of the county. 

* Sir Patridus Curwen, head of a family which for several centuries has held the 
manor of Workington, represented Cumberland in Parliament and was created 
a Baronet in 1626-7. His only son, Henry, died in the lifetime of his father, at 
whose death, 15 December, 1664, the baronetcy became extinct. 

* ' My Lord Fitzharding . . . fell to discourse of Prince Rupert, and made nothing 
to say that his disease was the pox and that he must be fluxed, telling the horrible 
degree of the disease upon him with its breaking out on his head.* (Pepys, 15 Jan. 
1664-5.) 



150 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

hath lately by accident rec^ a hurt in his head, w<^ hath since 
impostumated, and may prove to be dangerous, whereat he is 
extremely impatient, that he should thereby be kept fro y« sea. 
I have also rec^ (from my brother Wrench ^) some account of y« late 
Dean of Pauls' his death, w<^ was on Satturday ye 22**^ of October. 
It seemes his last fit was suddaine, and not long, yet so y^ he had 
time to settle all things to his mind ; he spake as sensibly as ever, till 
within leste then a quarter of an houre before his departure, & his 
carriage all along very pious & christian. The estate he left was but 
small, and much of that to charitable uses, yet so as not to forget his 
relations : M^ Nicholas ' (he who lived with us at Durham, & was y^ 
oldest brother) will have about 300^ his other 2 brothers more, in 
regard of their children &c. This is w^ is most materiall concerning 
him. My humble service to yo^ good Lady : I am S^ 

Cockennouth, Yo^ faithfull Servant 

Nov: 11.1664. Tho: Smith 

My Lady desires to be kindly reillberd to you & M^^ Fleming, & 
thankes you for yo' letter. We are sorry to heare y* little Alice * is in 
y« Jaundice : but for John ', if his mother (will) but put him into my 
hands, I do not doubt but to cure him of all his faults. About y® 
midle of this next weeke, I am for Durham, but with a purpose of 
being back speedily, to waite on S^ George & his lady (if possible) at 
their first coming downe. 

For his much hon"^ friend 
Daniel Fleming Esq'^ 
these at 

Rydall. 

* See n. I, p. 148. 

^ Dr. John Barwick, for whom see n. 3, p. 141. 

' 'Nicolanm nata maximnm & Gulielmnm agricnltnram & Rem Rosticam 
edoctos Tolmit (parentes) . . . Uterque horum sunm seorsiim fimdnm, nt par erat, 
quern colere didicerat, post pareotnm obitum in patrimoninm accepit . . . praeter 
charitatem m fratres, pietatemque in parentes, quas indies ezercebant, inter se 
inyicem Concordes, & a domesticis dissidiis alieni yixernnt, snpremi Nnminis 
religiosi cnltores, & singnlari momm probitate, atque integritate, per totam viciniam 
laadatL* (Peter Barwick's Life of John Barwick^ London, 1721, pp. 3, 4.) 

* Alice, D. F.'s second daughter and third child, was now about six years old. 
She died unmarried. 

' John, D. F.*8 third son and fifth child, was now an infant He died at the age 
of three years. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 151 

LXXIL 
Joseph Wiluamson* to Daniel Fleming (645), 

Whitehall Jan. 31. i66|. 

I have yc^ of y« 24**^ instant mentioning y« receipt of Mr Seciys * 
concerning assistance to be giuen 3^ Press of Seamen intended to be 
made in yO^ County. Which I have commimicated to M' Secfy, & 
shall at my first opporttmity to M^ Couentry' his RoyW Highn"®* Secfy. 
I have in y« meane time thought good to write this for yo' informacon 
That y^ may know, besides that Ord^ from y« Board, there is to issue 
out an Order from his Roy" Highn^e as TlA High Adm^l to his 
ViccadmU in those Countyes * for y® makeing that press, and yo' Letter 
from M' Seciy was onely to engage y^ to be assisting to y« Viceadm'l 
in that Press. Now y« Viceadm^l is y« E. of Carlisle, who not being 
yet returned (tho' every day expected) it is not thought worth y« time 
for his RJJ Highn»« to make one on purpose, but rather to expect his 
arriuall ; from whom y^ may expect a further power to levy yo^ own 
(for in him y« Power is by virtue of y« Dukes Comiss^^). In y« interim 
y* doe well to consult about diuideing to each County its number. 
I have not time to consult Mr Couentry about y' Quaeryes of yo" Ire, 
but shall by y® next. I wish wee may find some occasion to encourage 

* See n. 3, p. 139. 

' Sir Henry Bennet, afterwards Earl of Arlington, was Secretary of State from 
October, 1662, to September, 1674, when he was succeeded by Williamson. R. P. 638 
is a letter from Bennet, dated 17 Jan. 1664-5, to the Justices of Westmorland, 
sajring that 400 seamen are to be raised out of the Counties of Cumberland, West- 
morland, Northumberland, and the Bishoprick of Durham, whereof fourscore from 
Cumberland and Westmorland. In the absence of Lord Carlisle, the Vice Admiral 
of the two Comityes, and in the vacancy of the place of his Deputy by the death of 
S' Patricius Curwen, the Justices of the Peace are called on to perform the duty. 

' See n. 4, p. 131. 

* Charles Howard, who had been Captain of Oliver Cromwell's Body Guard, 
was made Lord Lieutenant of Cumberland and Westmorland 1660, Baron Dacre 
of Gillesland, Viscount Howard of Morpeth, and Earl of Carlisle 1661, and in 
the same year Vice- Admiral of the Counties of Northumberland, Cumberland and 
Durham. It appears that eighty seamen were demanded from the counties of 
Cumberland and Westmorland. R. P. 650 is a reply to Bennet from D. F. and 
four other Justices of the Peace, stating that there are no seamen in Westmor- 
land, and that to provide the whole number from Cumberland would almost ruin 
its sea-trafiic. In R. P. 659 and 660 the Earl of Carlisle agrees that it is im- 
possible to raise the number demanded, and desires D. F. to send to Newcastle 
those he has been able to raise, who will doubtless fidl short of the number 
demanded. 



152 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

yo^ loyall care & discreet zeale for his Ma^ Service, wherein I assure 
y^ Mr Seciy doth y^ all right to y« King. My humble service to yo^ 
Lady, & all that worthy family. I am with much truth 

Yo^ most humble Serv* 
Mr Fleming. Joseph Wiluamson. 

For Daniel Fleming Esq>f« 
att Kendall. 

LXXm \ 
Daniel Fleming to Joseph Wiluauson (5698 c). 

Rydall, Aprill, i, 65. 
S' 

You have much obliged mee with your kind letter, & I am glad 
y* my poor present* gott safely and (as you are pleased to intimate so) 
seasonably unto your hand. I heartily wish it had beene an hundred 
times better then it was for Mr Secretary's sake ', whose new Honour 
I do not a little congratulate, beeing very glad that his Majesty is 
pleased so to encourage such a good subject & an able minister 
for his service. As to your quaeries, charrs * are onely taken (by nett, 
never by hook) in Windermeer & Coniston waters, (two standing 
Lakes within five miles one of y« other). In y® latter (wherein 
I have some interest) they are taken from y® middle of January untill 
about ye middle of March. In y« other water y« Fishers pretend 
to take y™ almost all y« year long, for they have a Fish called a Case 
therein (w^ by strangers cannot bee distinguished from a charr ; for its 
onely a little less, & doth spawne at another time of y« year) which 
they can take when y® other are not to bee caught. Tho' Pies are 
usually sent up unto London onely betwixt Xtmas and Easter, by 
reason ye Fish is y^ at y® best, and ye weather ye coolest for carry- 
age ; yet if you have at any other time a desire to have any sent up, 
upon notice from you, I shall serve you therein as well as I can 
possibly. You have of late taught Dr Smith & mee such an ill 
custome in sending us weekly newes, that wt you were pleased onely 
to favour us with, wee almost begin now to expect it from you. When 

^ This is a draft in D. F.*8 handwriting. 

'17 March, 1664-5, D .F. pays for carriage of a charr-pie to London nnto 
Mr. Williamson ^\ 6*. See Appendix E. 

' Bennet was created Baron Arlington of Arlington 14 March, 1665. He was 
made Visconnt Thetford and Earl of Arlington aa April, 167a. 

* See Appendix B. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 153 

(me of our letters fail, wee then conferre notes together; but when both 
&11 short (which they have done several! times lately) then wee are at 
a great loss & are forced to read over our Diumalls twice (out of our 
necessity) and are very apt yo to sensure your clerk \ or ye post, of 
foigetfullness. I hope you'l excuse this my freedom with you, & bee 
assured of my ever beeing. 

S', your most obliged & 
For his much honoured affectionate friend & 

fnend Joseph Williamson servant 

Esq hast these, at y^ Lodgings D. F. 

of y^ Right Honourable 
j^ Lorde Arlington, Principall 
Secretary unto his Majesty, in 
Whitehall 

London. 

LXXIV. 

Dr. Thomas Smith to Daniel Fleming (756). 
S^ 
I have reed yo^ letter & w* els you sent by this bearer, & I have 
this morning sent away yo' letter to Mr Tubman ' ; y« 30** I shall keep 
by me (as you direct) till he call for it. I thank you very kindly for 
yo* Act about y« Additionall Aide ' ; yo' 2 old bookes I will take care 
to have new bound for you, & with them I hope to retume you that 
piece of Bp Sanderson concerning Episcopacy *. I have rec^ a letter 

^ Henry Ball seems to have had the chief charge of the distribution of news to 
Williamson's clients. See Camden Society's Letters to Sir Joseph Williamson, 
and especially the Appendix to Vol. ii. 

* In D. F.*s accounts under date June 20, 1666, appears: — Sent by Anth. Hall 
unto D** Smith for Dick Tubman beeing in full of Geo. Scott*8 execution ag* mee 
concerning y" Replevying of Musgraves Goodes and in full of y^ Damage cleer, y* 
sum of 30-00-00 

From R, F. 914 it appears that Richard Tubman was D. F.'s Attorney or 
Magistrates' Clerk in a case in which Robert Webster of Cockermouth was 
attorney on the other side. The place whence the letter was written is not given, 
the date is 23 Sept. 1667. 

' The Act 18 Charles II cap. i is an Act for raising Monies by a Poll, and 
otherwise, towards the Maintenance of the present War. The Act 1 7 Charles II 
cap. I had been An Act for granting the sum of twelve hundred and fifty thousand 
Pounds to the King's Majesty, for his present further supply. 

* Episcopacy (As Established by Law in England) Not Prejudicial to Regal 
Power. Written in the time of the Long Parliament by the special Command of the 
late King, By the Right Reverend Father in God, Robert Sanderson, Late Lord 
Bishop of Lincoln. London, Printed for Robert Paulet, at the Bible in Chancery 



154 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

from 70' Uncle Kirkby^, and therein something of his thoughts touching 
y« Answer to Sure Footing ', but should be glad to heare from you 
also w^ opinion you observed him to have of it, because I suppose he 
would with more freedome declare it to you. I was very much sur- 
prised w^ y® newes of Mr Fishers ' death, and much troubled at it, 

Lane near Fleet Street 1678. The Dedication to King Charles II is dated London, 
Aug. 10, 1 641 (!) Lupton, in his life of Sanderson in D, N, B. quotes from his 
will : ' I do absolutely renounce and disown whatever shall be published after my 
decease in my name.' It is curious that though D. F. paid May 7, i66a, at 
London for B. Sanderson's Episcopacy 00- ox -00 (^.^.492), neither the Bodleian 
nor the British Museum has any copy earlier than the one described above. It is 
a small 8^ of 105 pages. ^ i. e. John, for whom see n. 5, p. 4. 

' Sure-footing in Christianity, or Rational Discourses on The Rule of Faith. 
With Short Animadversions on Dr. Pierce's Sermon ; Also on some passages in 
Mr. Whitby and Mr. Stillingfleet, which concern That Rule. By J. S. London, 
Printed in the Year 1665. (Bodleian Library, 80.) The author was John Sergeant 
or Serjeant (1622-1707), a Roman Catholic controversialist. A second edition 
appeared in the same year with an < appendix, subverting fundamentally and 
manifoldly my Ld. of Down's (i. e. Jeremy Taylor's) Dissuasive,' and a ' Letter to 
Dr. Casaubon '; the additions being issued separately in the same year. {D. N. B,y 
s. V.) The Bodleian copy has a note in Bishop Barlow's handwriting, 'This booke 
is answered by Mr. Tillotson in Print, and by Mr. Hughes formerly of Pembroke 
Coll: late Minister of Plimmouth a non-Conformist, but his Answere not yet in 
Print. Decemb: 16, 1666.' The Answer referred to by Smith is almost certainly 
The Rule of Faith ; or an Answer to the Treatise of Mr. J. S. entituled Sure-footing, 
&c. By John Tillotson Preacher to the Honqurable Society of Lincolns-Inne. To 
which is Adjoined A Reply to Mr. J. S. his 3d Appendix, &c By Edward 
Stillingfleet B.D. one of his Majesties Chaplains in Ordinary. London, Printed by 
A. Maxwell for Sa. Gellibrand, at the Golden Ball in St. Pauls Church-yard, 1666. 
The Imprimatur is dated 27 Feb. 1665-6. Stillingfleet became Bishop of 
Worcester in 1689, and Tillotson Archbishop of Canterbury in 1691. Another 
reply is AO'2 nO"T STfl", or. An Answer to Sure ^SBling, So far as Mr. Whitby is 
concerned in it. Wherein the Rule and Guide of Faith, ihe Interest of Reason, and 
the Authority of the Church in Matters of Faith, are fully handled and vindicated ; 
from the exceptions of Mr. Serjeant, and Petty Flirts of Fiat Lux. Together with 
an Answer to Five Questions propounded by a Roman Catholick. By Daniel 
Whitby, M.A. Coll. Trin. Oxon. Soc Oxford : Printed by W. Hall, for R. Davis, 
1666. (Bodleian Library, sm. 8<*.) Mr. Hughes' reply is Sure- Footing in 
Christianity Exammed. By G. H. London, Printed in the Year, M.DC.LXVHI. 

' Nicholas Fisher, of Stainebanke-greene, in the parish of Kendall, Esq^, one of 
his Majestie's Justices for conservation of the Peace for the County of Westmerland, 
and an Utter Barrister of Gray's Inne, setatis 51 annor., 20 Martij, 1664, certified 
bis Pedigree on that date to Dugdale at KendaU. He died 16 June, 1666. D. F. 
was at his Buriall on the 18th. He was of Queen's College, where he entered 
Michaelmas Term, 1629, matriculating 20 April, 1632, as arm. fil. nat. max. and 
proceeding B.A. 11 June of the same year. His father's name was Edward. His 
mother was Jennet, daughter of Thomas Greene, an Alderman of y* Borough of 
Kendall. A brother Henry was Fellow of Queen's Coll^[e, and his three eldest 
sons Edward, John, and Alan all students therein. 



■ THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 155 

I y* rather upon j" account of that good character v'^ I have often 
' heard you give of him. For matter of newes, I have htle lo adde to 
w' you have already from Mr Williamso ; & for Mr Otwayes ' paper 
1 can say nothing to it, more then y' y" Gentleman who wrilt it is 
of a good sanguine complexion. This much appeares from all 
bands, y^ we have lost' many a gallant man & goodly ship, & y^ rest 
of our Fleet put into a very ill coniiition, iho' all diligence possible is 
used to repaire and reinforce it. Hum: Robinson ' tells me, y' he hadi 
spoken w^l" one who was in the fight, and yt he finds wc have no 
great cause 10 boast. The Dutch, he aailh, fought w'l' very great 
policy, as well as courage, for they flew upon our Flagg-ships, & 
sbott mostly at masts, sailes, rigging, and upper decks, w'^'' so dis- 
abled our ships as to make them usclesse: they knowing by expe- 

' TW* is «lmo« certainly John, atteiwnxds Sir John, Otwty, son of Roger of 

MiddletoQ in Westmorland, who mnitied Anne, daughter of John Mayer, Head- 

MmIctoT Sedbergh School, and before iliit Fellow of Si. John's; College, Cimbtidge. 

He mppareotly Ihea moved to Iiigmire Hall, where according lo one account his 

Mn John was bora, thongh hU pedigree in the Gineahgiil, New Series, iii. Gt. 

makes him bora at Beckside Hall in Middleton. The father wnt ceitainly buried 

■iSedbergh iiFeb. ie4g,Bgedgg. John was educated at Sedbergh School nnder 

Gilbeit Nelson, was admitted at St. Jolui's College, Cambridge, 3 June, 1636, 

of which be was elected Fellow on the Lupton Foundation J4 Mar. 1G39-40, 

as 'lq;ista' rnianimously. He had been previously admitted lo Gray's Inn, 

I Not. 1638, as son of Roger, of Midletoo, Westmoiehmd, gent In March, 

1643. with the master and twenty-eight olbei fellows be was ejected by the eart 

of Manchester, in purnance of an ordinance of parliament, for refusing the Solemn 

League and Covenant and soon after joined tbe loyal aimy. He was the bosom 

(itend of John Bacwick \,U>x whom see n. 3, p. I4l]> ind most of what we know 

of Otway may be found in Barwick's life hy his brother Petet. After Oliver 

Cromwell's death Otway was able through two parliamentary oSicen Clobery 

ttt Clobnry, who bad married Oiway's wife's sister, and Kedman, who had married 

Otway*t own sister, lo help on Monk's movements, and after the Restoration 

I Otway was made ■ King's Counsel, Vice- Chancel lor of tbe Duchy of Lancaster, 

■Chancellor of the Connty of Durham, and knighted 10 June, 1673. He died 

w 1$ Oct iCgj, and tbere Is a tablet lo his memory in Sedbetgb Church. He was 

ed, (1) lo Mary, daughter of Roljeit Riggs of Fareham and Winchester, 

^«ho was buried 11 Jone, 1659. (3) lo E1iiat>eth, daughler of John, son of Cawen 

lathwayl of Ambleside, whose sister Isabel was D. F.'s grandmother. Hence 

>. F. calU Otway his consb, e. g, when 7 Kfar. i66;-8 he gives a shilling ' lo the 

Iltle fidler for playing to my cosin Otwaye'i children.' Ingmirc passed Lq the next 

n by marriage to the Uptons, whose descendants still own it. 

' The Eaglish fleet, under the orders of Prince Rupert and the duke of 

PAltwmaile, fought in the Downs for foor days with tbe Dutch June 1-4, 1666. 

» The victory was donbtfnl. On the isth July the Dutch were defeated with great 

T the North Foreland and chased into their harbonn, nearly 100 sail lieing 

It btunt at SchelUng soon after. {.Annals cf England, iii. 60.; 



156 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

rience how difficult it is to sink them. Our work was to fire & sink, 
to y® number of about 30 as is supposed. We had 4 or 5 Captaines 
{yjih. ye Generalls Secretary^) buried at Harwich*, besides that gallant 
person S^ Chn Minnes ' who was since buried at London. All our 
Hospitalls filled with wounded men, whose number (he saith) we shall 
scarce know, nor of the slaine. By Flanders, he saith, they are told, 
that Tromp's legg is shott off, & de Rujrtet missing^. Amongst y^ 
Contributers towards ye rebuilding of the Prince* my lA Craven* (he 
saith) has subscribed 2000^, and this day, saith he, (viz: June 12) we 
have a report j^ y« Swede & we are concluded ^ : but for this, I can 
hardly beleive it, y^ such a busines can be dispatcht so suddainely. 
Touching the French being landed in Devonshire ', I have not heard 

^ Sir WaUam Clarke (1633 ¥-66), appointed secretary at war 28 Jan. 1661. 
He had previously acted for more than twelve years as secretary to General Monck. 
He attended Monck in his official capacity on board the Royal Charles, and had 
his right leg shattered by a cannon-ball on the second day of the fight. He died 
two days later. The inscription on his tomb at Harwich is in Taylor's Harwich, 
p. 39. He was father of George Clarke, fellow of All Sonls and bene£sctor to the 
University and several of the colleges. Selections from Sir William's papers, 
preserved at Worcester College, edited by Mr. Firth, are in course of publication 
by the Camden Society. His life is in Z>. A^. B, 

* Pepys, whose diary at this time is full of details of the fight, gives the names of 
six captains killed— Philemon Bacon of The BristoU, Teame, Wood, Mootham, 
Whitty and John Coppin of the St George Qone 7, 1666). 

' Sir Cristopher Myngs or Mings (as Pepys calls him), vice-admiral of the red 
squadron, had been detached to the westward with Prince Rupert, and so was 
absent till the fourth day of the fight, when he led the van in the Victory. He was 
wounded twice in the neck, but refiised to leave the deck. He lingered five or six 
da3rs. Pepys was at his funeral (June 13, 1666). 

* There was, it would seem, no truth in these rumours. 

' The Prince Royal, the boast of the English navy, was lost on the Galloper 
sand in Albemarle's retreat before the Dutch fleet before Prince Rupert joined him. 
(lingard.) 

* WilUam Craven, son and heir of Sir William Craven, Lord Mayor of London 
161 o-i, was knighted 4 March, 1626-7, and six days later made Baron Cravtn of 
Hampsted Marshall, with remainder on failure of heirs of his body to his two brothen. 
He commanded at the taking of Creuznach 163a, and was taken prisoner with 
prince Rupert near Wesel 1639, while engaged on behalf of the Elector palatine. 
He paid ;£2o,ooo for his ransom, ;f 10,000 for the unpaid English pension to the 
ex-Queen of Bohemia, and at least ;£50,ooo to Charles U during his exile at 
the Hague. The ex-Queen lived at his house from her arrival in England till jnrt 
before her death. He was made Viscount Craven of Uffington and Earl of Graven 
in 1664, and the remainder to his first barony was extended to include some distant 
cousins. He devoted himself to the relief of the sufferers from the plague^ ttock to 
James II till the very last, and died unmarried 9 April, 1697. 

^ Charles concluded a treaty with the king of Sweden, by whidi eidl ptitr 
engaged not to furnish munitions of war to the enemies of the other. 
' This mmonr again seems to have had no foundation. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 157 

anything, nor can I easily beleive it. This S', with my service to 
yourselfe & your good Lady, is all at present from 
June ai«», Yo^ very affectionate friend 

>^^» to serve you, T. S. 

There is this further in Hum: Robinsons letter ; I feare our old 
firiend Mr Lough ^ will not live till Midsummer. 
For his much honourd friend 
Daniel Fleming Esq' 
these at 

Rydall. 



S^ 



LXXV. 
Dr. Thomas Smith to Daniel Fleming (761). 

Cockermouth, July a. 1666. 



Hearing of this opportunity, I could not let it passe, tho' I have 
litie or nothing to write, w* I told you in my last concerning 
Mr Simon Musgrave ' is too true for y« substance, but it seemes it was 
not near Harday' (as we were then informed) but at his brother 
Hutchinsons^ in Yorkshire, w' S^ Philip' then was, and about 10 of y« 
clock in y« evening (S' Ph: being gone to bed) they 2 went out to 
swimme, & a cramp suddainely seising upo Mr Simon he cried out to 
his brother Hutchinson for helpe, but no help could be made him. 
Sr Ph: (they say) takes it very impatiently, & so likewise doth Mr. Chr: • 
who presently posted away to them, so soon as y« newes of it came to 



* See n. i, p. 68. 
■ Sec n. 5, p. 40. 

' Hartlay or Hartley Castle in the parish of Kirkby Stephen in Westmorland, 
was at this time the principal seat of this branch of the Musgraves. 

* His only sister Frances was married to Edward Hutchinson, esq., of Wiccam 
or Wykcham Abbey, in Yorkshire, on the road from York to Scarborough, 7 
miles from the latter place, a Priory of Cistercian Nans, granted at the dissolution 
35 Henry VIII (1545) to Francis Pool, who was allowed to alienate it to Richard 
Hutchinson and his heirs. In the i8th centnzy they changed their name to 
Langley, and early in the following centmy ^7 marriage it came to the Dawnay 
family. The water in whidi poor ^^ •«d may possibly have been 
the Derwent, bnt more VkiAj ft ft ■ was one of the 
most necesnry adjimcti to a : 

' See n. 5, p. I3i« 

* See n. 5, p. aS. 



158 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

Carlisle. The Narrative of y« late engagem* I had from Mr Williamson, 
of a 2^ edition, in one single sheet, but I had another of them sent me 
by Hum: Robinson in 2 sheetes, of a fairer character. My letter 
from Mr Will: was signed (as yours was) by Robert Francis*, with 
a high complem^. I suppose you have heard of an other weekely 
Print, under y« title of y« Current Intelligencer^^ yi^ I am told is done 
by Muddiman ', and is lookt upon as Seer. Morrice * Intelligence, (y' 
Gazette being my lA Arlingtons ',) Hum: Robinson adventured to send 
me them y® last weeke, & I here send them you (though stale) to look 
on, this being y« 3^ week of his writing. Your Tenant Mr Lough ' 
died y« 1 1*^ of y« last moneth, S* Bamabas's day. With my service 
to yourselfe ft yo^^ good Lady, I rest in hast 

Yours — 
To his'' much hon'd friend 
Daniel Fleming Esq' 
at 

Rydall. 

^ One of Williamson's clerks. He seems to have been at Cologne with 
Williamson in 1673, and to have returned to England dnring the negotiations. 
There are several letters from him to Williamson in the Camden Society's 
Letters to Williamson. Will: is of course Williamson. 

* Twenty-three numbers of Tlie Current Intelligence seem to have been pub- 
lished between 4 June and 20 Aug. 1666 by authority. It seems to have been 
published in folio by J. Macock. All but No. 2 are in the British Museum. 

' When Charles II was at Oxford in 1665 to avoid the plague, Lichfield the 
university printer was authorised to bring out a local news-sheet to supply the 
want felt by the court of regular intelligence. From Tuesday, 14 Nov., the 
' Oxford Gazette ' regularly appeared on Mondays and Thursdays. Henry Muddiman 
was the first editor, but after a few numbers Williamson became editor with Charles 
Perrot of Oriel College as sub-editor. When the court returned to Whitehall, 
Muddiman, and also L'£strange, endeavoured to thwart Williamson, but un- 
successfully; and the 'London Gazette,' of which the first number (No. 24 of the 
series) appeared 5 Feb. 1666, still exists to testify to Williamson's success. 
(/?. N. B.y s. V. Williamson, Sir Joseph.) 

* Sir William Morice (1602-76), of Exeter College, Oxford, high sheriff of 
Devon 1651, M.P. for Devonshire 1648 (but excluded in 'Pride's Purge*), and for 
Plymouth 1660 till his death. A relative of General Monk, whom he assisted 
in the steps which led to the Restoration, made Governor of Plymouth, knighted, 
made secretary of state, in which he clashed with Arlington and resigned 1668. 
He was a theologian and wrote ' Coena, quasi K01V17. The new Inclosures broken 
down and the Lord's Supper laid forth in common for all Church-members/ 1657. 
(Z>. N, B,t s. V.) 

* Seen. 2, p. 151, 
^' See n. i , p. 68. 

^ The words in italics are torn off. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 159 

LXXVI. 

Ferdinand Huddleston* to Daniel Fleming (762). 

cosen ffleming 

I am now forced to put a troble upon you being the nearest 
Justice that belonges to us in Cumt3tand S^ upon Friday last the 
sheriffe came and put me into possession of Milham ', and yesterday 
my father came with a companie of rude and manie of them Outlawed 
persons with guns and swordes and other weapons and threatened 
to tume me out and hath wounded some of my men as the bearer 
hereof can relate to you at large, and he hath got into an outhouse 
dose by me and sales he will starue me out being more in number 
then I am and will not suffer anye to come at me, and I can not 
subsist till tomorrow at night for want of Vittayles soe I desire jrour 
assistance, in moueing the force and Warrantes to all the Constables 
to rayse the Countrie I desire (this) be done with all speed and 
I shall alwayes Rest 
Milham Your Cosen 

July the 4**, 66. ffard: Huddlestone 

flfor 

his honored Cosen 

Daniell fi3eming Esq' 

at Ridall 

Milium These 

LXXVII. 

Daniel Fleming to the Constables of Millum (762). 

Cumberland. 

D. F. Esq, one of &c To y® severall Constables within y« Lordship 
of Milium in y© County aforesaid Greeting. 

Whereas I am informed that divers persons have lately threatened 
forceably to tume Ferdinando Huddleston Esq out of y« possession 

* Sec n. I, p. 46. These documents throw a curious light upon the effect of the 
relaxation of authority produced by a change of government. We almost seem to 
be back in the days of the Fasten Letters. 

* A lordship at the south-westernmost point of Cumberland, enjoyed by the 
Huddlestones from Henry Ill's reign till 1774, when it was sold by Sir Hed worth 
WilUamson, who had married one of the Huddleston coheiresses, to Sir James 
Lowther, who became the first Earl of Lonsdale. Ferdinand's father was Sir 
William Huddleston, knighted by Charles I at the battle of Edgehill. 



i6o THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

of y^ Lordship of Milium aforesaid, y^ possession whereof was lately 
given him by ye sherife of y® County aforesaid. These are therefore 
in y® Kings Majesties name to comand you to bee aiding & assisting 
unto y« said Ferdinando Huddleston in his keeping of the possession 
of y^ said Lordship, untill hee shall bee thence ejected by due course 
of Law. And hereof fail not at your perill. Given under hand & seal 
July 4, 66. 

LXXVUL 

Joseph Williahson to Daniel Fleming (800). 

WhitehalL Koa. 13. 66. 

I feare though I have not y® accompt by me I am farre in yo' 
debt for y® favO' of seuerall of yo". one I rememb^ well, & a con- 
siderable article in it, relateing to y® Kings Seruice, about one secured 
by y'* upon My L^ Delamere's Informacbn^. I doe not find any 
particular Warr* from y« Board to my Lord about that or any other 
priuate person, & therefore am apt to believe My Lord did that in 
pursuance of some of those generall ord" y^ may remember were 
issued to y® Lords Lieuf for securing suspicious persons '. 

I am sure there wants a Security euery where ag^ suspicions them- 
selves at this time. I find a spirit of malice hath euery where in- 
sinuated fears & jealousyes into y® people, vi^ it must be y« care of 
y^ prudent men to exorcise & cast out, ere it possesse them too farre, 
for blessed be God wee find no reason to receive any. 

I am w*^ all my heart & yt^ esteeme 
S', Yo' most humble Serv* 

JW 
Mr Fleming 

LXXIX. 
Joseph Williamson to Daniel Fleming (808). 

Whitehall Nou. 24. 66. 
Sr 

I am very much to thanke y^ for y« fauo^ of yo" by y« last post 

* JR. P. 768 is a letter, dated Darham the 27 July 1666, signed * Delamer/ 
addressed to D. F., desiring him to secure one George Walker of Kendall Snrgeon, 
against whom information had been brought before him, 'to be forthcoming vntill 
his ma^ pleasure concerning him bee farther knowne.' 

* R, P, 767 is such a general order, signed by the King and Lord Arlington and 
•ealed with the Royal Seal, addressed to the Earl of Carlisle. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD i6i 

ooDceniii^ y« disord" in Scotland ^ and. so My Lord bids me tell y^ 
he 18 for 7' care & earlj circumspe6c6n in y« safety of y« County 
Hereafter as there is any occasion in that matter it will very well beare 
an ifiediate addresse to his Lopp from y^, & so I beseech y^ order it, 
fat wee most, for anything I see, expect y« greatest part of y« Scene 
win lye in yo' further Countyes. 

Aboue all, I beseech y^ endeauo' to possesse aright on all occasions 
y* Country w^ w* concemes their owne interest, & fortify them well 
ag* those unreasonable & groundlesse jealousyes & humoi* I find ill 
meaneing men insinuate into them. In truth I see a certaine foly 
ft wanton humO' in it, as hazardous to o' good, as that of our fathers 
in 1640. God auert y® judgm^ & make us wiser. 

I am with very hearty respect 
Mr Fleming Yor most humble Serv* 

JW. 

LXXX. 

Dr. Thomas Smith to Daniel Fleming (819). 

S' 
By y« last Post I rec«l yo^ third letter, w«J^ you writt me to Durham, 
being sent me from thence, for w<^ I must now thanke you, as for the 
former. Mr. Williamson in one of his, the laste weeke, hath a pas- 
sage concerning you, wherewith I think fit to acquaint you. These 
are his words : 

Mr Flemings discreet and active care, expressed in his letters, 
is very well liked of here, y« King having had the reading of them, 
Indeed we want everywhere such stedy sober heads, those generally 
m all o^ busines being capricious, humourous, aflfected, or something 
worse ; God almighty make us all better. 

Concerning y« busines of Scotland, he writes thus; I wish y« 

* R. P, 801 is a copy of a letter from Carlisle, rigned J. Tonge, dated 15 Nov. 
1666 to S' William Carleton informing him that aoo horse and aoo foot had that 
morning come into Dumfries, surprised S' James Turner, who commanded a 
company of foot there, and imprisoned his men, and reporting that all Galloway 
was in arms. In R. P, 803 on 16 Nov. W« Feilding states that the riot wai due 
to S' James Turner's severity in exacting fines from the nonconformists. R, P» 811 
is D. F.'s copy of two letters as to the progress of the rebels from the Earl of 
Annandale from Drumlanrig, one of them to his sister Lady Mary the second wife 
of Sir George Fletcher. Lord Annandale was Hereditary Governor of Lochmaben 
Castle, and Hereditary Steward of Amiandale. 

M 



i62 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

Game end thus : but certainly we shall have reason to be jealous of 
a soile that brings forth this mortall Hellebore S after all the art and 
even violence used to root it out 

In a former letter of his, w<^ I rec^ from him at Durham, presently 
upon y^ first newes of the rising in Scotland, he writes thus ; 

I confesse I alwayes doubted our friends at Westminster mistooke 
the man, when they cryed out against the Popish Recusant: for 
though we all know the insolency and folly of a Romish Priest, yet 
no sober man even of those y^ sate upon the examination of that 
mystery ', saw any ground in y® world to cry out so loud a Popish 
Plott, & by that meanes alarme unnecessarily {jk indeed improperly) 
the Commonalty, who by that were made the more fit to fall into 
this Scotch snare. God almighty prevent further intestine mischeife, 
but I see the wisest among us have great remaines of the foolish 
iealousies and ungrounded suspicions of our fathers, that ruined us 
25 yeares agoe. 

This I had in my pocket at Hutton, w° you showed me some- 
thing yt you had rec^ from him to y^ same purpose, but I did not 
think fit to produce it in that company, neither would I have it go 
any further then yo'selfe, or yc^ Uncle Kirkby' at furthest Yo^ 
next from Joseph ^ will tell you our Smyma-fieet " is safe arrived, & 



^ The references to Hellebore in general literature are generally to its efficaq^ 
in coring madness. Murray gives, however, a reference to Marston, Sco, ViUame^ 
I. i. 17a, 'As methodist Mnsas kild with Hellebore,' where, as here, the reference 
seems to be to its poisonoas qualities. So Lyte, Dodoens, ill. xxiv. 348, 'White 
EUebore vnprepared and taken out of time and place ... is very hnrtfiill to the 
body.' 

* Perhaps the origin of the great fire, which was commonly imputed to the 
Papists. 

' i. e. John, for whom see n. 5, p. 4. 

* i.e. Williamson. 

' Smyrna had been since the revival of the Levant trade the emporium for the 
whole produce of Asia Minor. The English trade was carried on by a company 
chartered originally for a limited time under Elizabeth and in 1605 by James I 
perpetually under the name of the merchants of England trading to the Levant 
seas. Under one of the earlier charters the limits of their trading were to be the 
Venetian territories, the dominions of the grand signior by land and sea, and 
through his countries overland to East India. The fleets were collections of armed 
merchant ships voyaging together for safety against pirates and enemies' ships, and 
would be characterised by the name of the port from which they came. Pepys 
(39 Nov. 1667) mentions a report ' that eighteen Dutch men-of-war are passed the 
Channell in order to meet with our Smyrna ships,' and (la Dec) hears that * the 
▼ery good newes is just come of our four ships from Smyrna, come safe without 
convoy even into the Downes, without teeing any enemy.' 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 163 

ytry rich, above 500 thousand pound sterling, as he saith, besides 
a Scandaroon-ship ^ yet behind, & on her way home. 

I presume, you have heard of Scot of Liswick's* being slaine by 
a wild young fellow, one Whaite, who fled upon it, & is not yet 
taken. Last Friday night Mr. Marshall ' (y® Chancellor) falling down 
a paire of staires in his own house at Carlile, was so bruised on his 
head, & his skull so broke, y^ he died of it the next day, having 
never spoken after it, nor appeared at all sensible of anything yt was 
done about him. The day after (viz : Sunday) died Mr. Pattinson * 
the Postmaster (Mary Pattinsons brother) of a Dropsy: and Mr. • 
Wargent •, their Lecturer there, is now at y® point of death of a Con- 
sumption. This aftemoone we have newes brought, y^ my Lady 
Curwen • is fallen very ill, of a Fever, and Mr. Cleter ^ fetcht to her, and 
now with her. God almighty fit us all for our latter end, and deliver 
us from suddaine death. With my humble service to yourselfe & yo^ 
Lady I rest 

^^' *'*^' YoT very affectionate 

T.S. 

After I had sealed up this letter, I rec^ one fro S*" George, wherein 
he writes y* y« House hath Orderd all their Members to appeare 
after Christmas, or els to be sent for up by their Serjeant'; That 
y« PoUbill* is to passe in 500000*. y® rest of y« money is to be 

' Scanderoon or Alexandretta, the port of Aleppo, on the bay formed where 
the coast of Syria mnning north and soath meets the soath coast of Asia Minor.. 
It is the best harbonr on the Syrian coast. 

* See Additional Notes. Liswick is probably Lyzzick, on the slope of Skiddaw, 
above Bassenthwaite Lake. 

' Henry Marshall, M.A., yicar of Crosthwaite 1661, and Stanwix 1666, and 
prebendary of the fonrth stall of Carlisle, was constituted Chancellor by Bishop 
Rainbow in 1666. According to Jefferson {History of Carlisle^ p. 258) he wa« 
mnrdered at Stanwix, while standing at his o\m door, and was interred in the 
cathedral. 

* See Additional Notes. 
' See Additional Notes. 

* Sir Patricius Curwen (for whom see n. 8, p. 149) married Isabel, daoghter 
and coheiress of George Selby, of Whitehonse, co. Dnrham. 

^ See Additional Notes. 

* The Serjeant-at-arms, the executive officer of the House of Commons. He 
attends the speaker to arrest offenders. Similar officers attend the lord high 
steward, the lord chanceUor, and on solemn occasions the lord mayor of London. 

* The first Act of the Parliament which sat from 18 September, 1666, to 8 Feb. 
1666-7, ^^ ^^ <^ct explanatory of the Act for raising Monies by a Poll, and 
otherwise, towards the Maintenance of this present war. It seems to have 

M % 



i64 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

raised bj a Land-Tax; 3^ Paper-bill & forraigne excise are lajd 
aside ^ 

For his much honourd friend 
Daniel Fleming Esq' 
these at 

Rydall. 



LXXXI. 

Rev. William Wilson' to Daniel Flehing (820). 

Honoured S' 

I am bold to trouble you (& yet I am too bold in terming those 
businesses of trouble to you, seeing it is not more your duty then 
delight to approue your faithfulnesse in the service of god, & your 
Country ; which is not onely your great honour but known character) 
I am bold (I say) to trouble you with an information against a Quaker 
woeman, who this last Christmas day in the middle of Divine Service, 
before a great & solemne Assembly, in gods own house, did not onely 
disturb me their Minister, but the whole Congregation by her most 
irreverent gesture, standing in the midst of the church, where with a 
lowd strange inarticulate noise she did drovme the sound of my voice 

received the Royal Assent 8 January, 1666-7. The Act which this Act was to 
explain was probably the first Act of the previous session. An Act for raising 
Monies by a Poll, and otherwise, towards the Maintenance of the present War. 

^ ' A Bill for raising part of the supply for his Majesty by an imposition on 
sealed Paper and Parchment ' was hotly dlscossed in the House of Commons 
14 Dec. 1666, and carried by the Court party upon a division, but next. day ' laid 
aside wholly and to be supplied by a land tax ' which, as Pepys writes ' shews 
them fools.' He quotes from Sir Thomas Crew (under date of 5 Nov. of the 
same year) 'that the true reason why the country gentlemen are for a land 
tax and against a general excise is because they are fearful that if the latter be 
granted they shall never get it down again ; whereas the land-tax will be but 
for so much, and when the war ceases there will be no ground got by the Court 
to keep it up.' On the whole matter see Ranke's History of England (English 
translation), iii. 449. 

* William Wilson entered Queen's College as batler 4 July, 1649, <^d 
matriculated as serviens 18 Nov. 1650, the same day as D. F. He proceeded 
B.A. 33 May, 1653, and was made rector of Windermere 1660. A son of his of 
the same name was a taberdar of the CoUege, and a twin brother Edwin was also 
of the College. R,P, 615 is a letter, dated 4 July, 1664, from Christopher 
Edmundson (Incumbent of Hawkshead 1664-77) moving D. F. to take action 
Against the Quakers who had* held a conventicle at Giles Walker's house close by 
Hawkihead. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 165 

k words to the amusing ^ of my hearers, & at last not containing her 
fbrioas passion, in the time of prayers she spake alowd & delivered her 
selfe in a great impetuous rabble of slanderous language against my 
own person, calling me covetous and greedy a deceiver of the people 
whilst wee were presenting our devoutest requests vnto god in his holy 
Church. S' I know you will take cognisance of this her disturbance of 
me in my sermons of her chiding in the Church & in the Churchyard 
where she abused severall of the best of the parish, whose joynt desires 
with mine are to informe you of these her misdeameanours : Indeed S^ 
it was a great offence to all my Auditors, and a strange Spectackle here 
to us of a furious woeman, wee hauing (I beleeue) not one natiue in 
our parish of this Sect This woeman A her husband came but into 
the parish this last yeare, & they may well be called puritan or Jesuite 
Quakers*. By this fact (it is verely feared) she hath giuen an example 
to all others of her faction whereby they will be incouraged to those 
former Insolencys whereby they were wont to abuse Churches & dis- 
turb Ministers & Congregations, if by the Authority of Magistrates they 
bee not timely suppressed & restrained ; As the law hath alwaies had 
a speciall regard to those persons, places, & times that there should be 
no breach of the peace to such which be dedicated to the service of 
god; so I know S^ you will be carefull to presenie the priviledges 
of the Clergy, & the Reverence of gods house according to severall 
statutes in that case provided '. Thus with my best respects & service 
to you & your vertuous Wife 

Windermcr December y a6«^ ^ ^est your humble servant 

1666. William Wilson 

For his very much estee • 
med & honoured ffreind 

Daniel Fleming 

Esq'^ at Ridall=Hall 
These 

^ Amuse in the transitive sense originally meant to cause to stare, and so to dis- 
tract Here Mr. Wilson seems to use it of the turning of his hearers* attention 
away from what he was saying. (See Murray, s. ▼.) 

• The epithets seem merely used to create prejudice, not to characterise spedal 
kinds of Quakers. 

» 13 & 14 Charles II cap. i was an Act for preventing Mischiefs and Dangers 
that may arise by certain Persons called Quakers, and others, refusing to take 
lawful Oaths, which prohibited, among other things, five or more Quakers 
assembling themselves under pretence of joining in a Religious Worship ; but the 
Acts here referred to are probably The Act of Uniformity (13 & 14 Charles II 
cap. 4), the Conventicle Act (16 Charles II cap. 4), and the Five Mile Act 



i66 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

LXXXIL 
Joseph Williamson to Daniel Fleming (852). 

Whitehall Apr ao. 67. 

Indeed I am ashamed I am yet no better Courtier, then to be 
wanting in y« cheapest of all paym*» complem**. I did receiue yo' 
excellent Pyes \ & bestowed them as well as I could, to y« D. of Yorke ' 
one, y® other to my Lord Treasurer ' where they were found most 
extrT good and I beseech y^ forgive me that I told y« not so earlyer. 

Yo^ proposall about a Present Strength for his Maty" Seruice & all 
o' Safetyes is ueiy loyall & indeed judicious w^ excepcofis or farther 
thoughts it may find I am not master enough of that matter to foresee, 
I resolue to comunicate it to my lA Arlington so soone as he retumes 
to businesse, haueing been ill these 15 dayes of a feau^'. 

Y° will see how peeuish some of those Gentlemen yet continue in 
y« matter of y« Accompts *. All I can say is They may possibly meane 
well to their Prince & Country But certainly they expresse themselves 
as ill as men can doe. I am sure such men are y® cause wee see 
o'selues reduced to seeke a Peace where some months agoe wee might 
have been courted Yt^ one. And all men that knowe y® People wee 
have to deale w^ may judge w* Peace wee are like to haue when 
we seeke for it. 

(17 Charles 11 cap. a). In ^. P, 931 the Lords of the Council enquire, 10 Dec. 
1667, which of the Quakers then in prison may he fit objects of the King's mercy, 
and which are Ringleaders of Faction in contempt of the law. R. P, 106 1, 
a document calendared in the Report of the Manuscripts Commission on the Rydal 
Papers, is a copy of a letter dated Lambeth, 8 June, 1669, from Abp. Sheldon to the 
Abp. of York, stirring up the latter to more active operations against the non- 
conformists and promising the assistance of the justices of the peace. R. P. 1 148 
is from £dw: Wilson dated DaUam Tower, 2 June, 1670, asking for a copy of ' yo' 
warrant & proceedings agst Conventiclers,* that he may ' goe y* same way others goe.* 
These references exemplify the waverings of opinion and practice on the subject. 
^ See Appendix B. 

• Afterwards King James II. 

' Thomas Wriothesley, fourth Earl of Southampton. He was at this time 
desperately iU, and died 16 May, 1667. 

* That this peevishness was warranted appeared not long after when by an order 
in Council issued 29 July the Treasury Commissioners, Lord Chamberlain, the 
Earls of Bridgewater and Anglesey, Lord Arlington and Secretary Morrice were 
appointed a committee to take into consideration all the several branches of the 
King*s expenses, and report what proportions thereof may be retrenched. His Majesty 
being resolved to practise the rules of thrift and good husbandry. But the Dutch 
were in the Medway before this happened. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 167 

our Amb" howeu' are p^pareing for their Journey^. God giue 
a good Successe & blesse y^ wtli that happinesse & content y^ 
deserae 

Deare S^ 

YoT most humble & faithfull S^ 
Joseph Williamson 

I find I mnst recomend my Brother ' 
to yo' kind & just fauo' in supporting 
as farr^ as y® Law warrants his Businesse 
of y« Chimney Money. I am sorry to see 
ium & it discountenanced by some persons 
I had belieued otherwise of. 



^ These were Lord Holies and Mr. Henry Coventry. The Congress met at Breda 
00 the 20th May, France, Denmark, the States-General and Sweden being all 
lepiesented. As a resnlt three treaties were signed on ai Jnly. By one with 
Holland it was stipolated that both parties should forget past injuries, and remain 
in their present condition, which confirmed to the States the possession of the 
disputed island of Pulorone, and to the English their conquests of Albany and 
New York. By the second with France, Louis obtained the restoration of 
Nora Scotia, and Charles that of Antigua, Monserrat, and part of St. Kitts; 
and by the last with Denmark, relations of amity were reestablished between the 
two crowns. (Lingard.) 

' George Williamson, for whom see n. 6, p. 143. He had now been for some 
time collector of the hearth-money or chimney-money. It was an unpopular tax, 
and as early as 4 March, 1664-5, he had applied to his brother for help. The 
particular difficulty as to which Joseph here asks D. F.'s assistance may be the 
matter described in an Information of Peter Robinson, of Bridekirk, Cumberland, 
dated 19 Sept. 1666 (5*. P. D, 1666-7, P* i45)> ^ which Sir George Fletcher was 
concerned. Robinson had distrained a flagon upon John Thompson of Penrith for 
two shillings due by him, and Sir George made Robinson restore the flagon without 
receiying the shilling due for charges, and forbade him to act under authority 
from George Williamson, saying he had no power to give such deputations. 
R, P. 889 is a long letter to the Justices of Cumberland from the Lords Com- 
missioners of the Treasury dealing with the complaints of the Farmers of the 
Hearth Tax and their officers in the sense desired by Joseph Williamson on behalf 
of his brother. R. P. 934 is a letter from George Williamson to D. F. dated 
Bridekirk, 27 October, 1667, stating that he has ordered his man to wait on D. F. 
with warrants of summons ' that if they do not pay me their excise or giue reasons 
I hope we may haue warrants of distress. After you haue signed I hope the next 
Justice will.' D. F.'s signature would have a special value as that of the brother- 
in-bw of Sir George Fletcher. 



i68 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



Lxxxm. 

Richard Jackson ^ to Daniel Fleming (857). 

Worthy S* 
As your service is generally eminent for & generaDj so owned 
by our County: so I doe very willingly & thankfully acknowledge 
what great obligation you haue layde vpon my selfe for that prompt 
and candid justice wch you show'd mee at the Foxe ', in remouing 
that from of my shoulders, wch the injustice of some neigbours had 
imposed upon my wife during her viduity '. As to the request of Dr 
Smith, I have sent to one James Bownas^ that teaches some boyes 
for some gentlemen at Plumland" in Cumberland. I understand the 
place where he semes is not much distant fro Cockermouth. It is 

^ There were several north-coantry schoolmasten of this name dnzing the 
serenteenth century, (i) The Headmaster of Sedbergh School 1648-1656, for 
whom see Sedbtrgh School Register, pp. 9 seqq. (a) The writer of this letter, 
described by Nicolson and Bom (i. 33a) as ' one of the most eminent teachers of 
his time.' He had been schoolmaster of Bampton, befoxe he came to KendaL 
He left the interest of £100 to those who should succeed him as Headmasters of 
KendaL In 167 1, or soon after, he was appointed Headmaster of Appleby school, 
which had just been given a fresh start in consequence of the liberality of Provost 
Barlow, Dr. Smith and Mr. Randal Sanderson, all of Queen*s College and 
heretofore pupils at Appleby. (3) The Headmaster of St. Bees School 1686-1738, 
of whom we shall hear farther on. Mr. William Jackson {Cuntberhnd tmd 
Westmorland Papers and Pedigrees, iL ao6) believes (3) to have been a son 
of (a), but ' cannot offer any proof* Mr. Jackson is mistaken, as he matriculated 
from Queen's College 3 July, 1679, <^g^ '9> ^^ of Thomas, of Swithindale, 
Westmorland, pauper puer. , 

* Probably an inn of the name in Kendal. * We find in the Parish Church 
Register the following notice of burial : " April 16, i6aa, Henry Bremer, of the 
sign of the ' Fox and Goose' in' Kendal." And again, George Baker, the author 
of "Newes from the North,*' directs that his letters from November a 1st, 1643, be 
sent to him, care of Mr. Phillipson, at the sign of the " Fox and Goose,*' KendaL 
But where this old inn was I cannot find out' (J. F. Curweo, Kirkbie- Kendall^ 
p. 71.) For Fox's Inn, the head hostelry of the town, which may be the one here 
meant, and a later < Fox and Goose,' which replaced an earlier ' Crown and Mitre,' 
see the same book, pp. 33, 66. P,P, 951 is a letter from Sir John Otway (see 
n. I, p. 155) to D. F. addressed to him *at the ffox in Kendal, Westmorland.' 
From R, P. 1049 it appears that Mr. Potter was Landlord of the Inn as April, 
1669. 

* Literally, widowhood. Probably during my absence from home. 

* See Additional Notes. 

* Plumbland in the west of Cumberland, seven miles from Cockermouth, due 
south of Aspatria, was for long a manor of the Orfeurs, from whom it passed by 
sale to the Lawsons. Warthole or Warthall in the parish belongs to the Dykes 
family of Dovenby. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 169 

DOW almost a yeare since he was dismissed from my ferula. He was 
incited to teach a publique Schoole there, but the potency of y« 
idations rather than parts of the p^sent incumbent does confine him 
to the privacy of a gentlemans house. He will be with the dr the 
next weeke (as I understand ;) if the dr shall approue t)f him I shall 
be glad; if not I shall comend another. When I receiue an answer 
Cr5 the young man, you shall a line more from 
KcDdaU May 11. Yo^ very humble Servant 

(^7) Ric: Jackson For the Worshipfull 

Daniell ffleeming Es' 
at his house at 
Ridall these. 

LXXXIV. 

Dr Thomas Smtth to Daniel Flemino (861). 
S' 
I retume you your Packet, with many thankes; those from 
London got the start of mine; your Foot-post being quicker 
k nimbler then ours; the former part of yo^ newsletter (w**' y« 
Gazette and Rela&n of ye Earthquake) ^ I had sent me fro Carlile on 
Wednesday, and y® latter part came not till about two houres after y« 
arrivall oryo' messenger. The other letters, from Oxford, were very 
welcome here, bringing us so good newes from O' young Travellers. 
I here send you a letter w«*i I rec<l from Madam Frances ', though they 
are all (in effect) but the same. That from John Bankes ' gives a very 
perfect account of what was done so farre. D' Lamplugh * (I per- 
ceive) was [not a] litle troubled y* he should be forced to leave them 
[so] soon, but it was well however that they found him there, for he 
pretty well bestirred himself, for y* litle time he had to stay. I here 

* See Additional Notes. 

" Fletcher, D. F/s sister-in-law. She married William Fletcher of Moresby, one 
of the eldest branch of the Fletcher family, and died January, 1670-1. {R. P. 1 187.) 
The other young traveller was William, D. F.'s eldest son. 

' See n. I, p. 3. As in 1650 he accompanied D. F. on his journeys, so now he 
had gone with his eldest son, aged 10, to Bath. 3 May, 1667, Delivered to John 
Banckes for Will to y* Bath 10 00 00, and, 15 August, 1667, Received of Jo. 
Banckes of y* money I deliuered him for William his Bath-journey which was 
unspent 04 1 1 01. Tliere are other payments incident to the journey, for which see 
Appendix £. 

* See n. 3, p. 131. He seems to have resided part of the year at Alban Hall, 
where he was principal, and part at Charlton-on-Otmoor, of which he was rector. 
The words in square brackets are supplied from conjecture, the letter being torn. 



170 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

send you a copy of his letter to me (dated from Charleton the same 
night, and inclosed within Mr William's [letter] to me), so much of 
it as concemes that busines. 2X Smithy I am very angry with my- 
selfcy if I could be almost angry tt/^ yau^y I had no sooner in[tellt' 
g^^nce of this young Lady's intentions to take \Oxon\ in her way toy* 
Bathy for it fell out so unluckily ^ y'^ Cart was gone with our bedding 
Sf other [goods'] Sf my wife'^ and her bey were iust taking coach for 
Charleton when I rei^yo^ letter Sf heard of their arrivall at ye Angel^: 
whereupon I stayed the Coach and went immediately to Dr Willis •, who 
left a throng of Patients Sf went presently with me to see them^ Sf he has 
promised me to write to Dr Maplet * ^* contend them to him as his special 
friends, ^ /presume Dr Willis's advice Sf directions may do them goody 

^ Katherine, daughter of Dr. Edward Davenant, archdeacon of Berks, and niece 
of John Davenant, bishop of Salisbury. She was bom at Gillingham 31 Jan. 
1632-3, and died at Kensington 18 May, 1671, and is buried in the chancel of 
Charlton-on-Otmoor, where there ij a long inscription to her memory. The boy 
may be Thomas, afterwards canon of York and archdeacon of Richmond, who 
would have been about six years old at this time. Only three of her five children 
survived her. 

* This fiEunous inn occupied the north-western part of the site of- the Examina- 
tion Schools in High Street, and included at the time of its greatest prosperity that 
side of High Street as far as Cooper's shop. Wood says that William Day, whose 
monumental inscription is or was in St. Peter's in the East Church, * built the lazg 
inne called the Angell in the parish of S. Peter in the East, anno i66a * {City of 
Oxford^ iii 174). Elsewhere he says it was *■ sometimes an ancient hall, though of 
its name I cannot justly determine' (ib. i. 131). Queen Adelaide lodged there 
19 Oct. 1835. 

' Thomas Willis matriculated from Christ Church 3 March, 1636-7, aged 16, 
proceeded B.A. 19 June, 1639, M*^* iS June, 164a, B.M. 8 Dec 1646, D.M. 30 OcL 
i66o» Sedleian Professor of Natural Philosophy 1660-75; one of the original 
members of the Royal Society, an eminent physician, practised in a house opposite 
Merton College, where Fell, Dolben, and Allestry kept up the Church of England 
service all through the Commonwealth. He is said to have moved to London at 
Abp. Sheldon's suggestion in 1666, but seems from this letter to have been in 
Oxford later, got into disfavour with James II when Duke of York for pronouncing 
his children unhealthy, died 11 Nov. 1675, buried in Westminster Abbey. His life 
is in Wood's Athena and D, N,B, He was grandfather of Browne Willis the 
antiquary. 

* John Maplet or Maplett, of Westminster School, matriculated from Christ 
Church 24 Feb. 1631-a, aged 30, proceeded B.A. 8 July, 1634, M.A. 17 April, 1638, 
D.M. 34 July, 1647. He was proctor of the University in 1643. He was principal 
of Gloucester Hall 1647, and ejected by the Earl of Pembroke, who was chanceUor, 
but restored in 1660, and held the office till 1663. Meanwhile he had traveUed 
with two sons of the great Lord Falkland, and begun practice at Bath (in the 
summer) and Bristol (in the winter). Wood calls him ' a good physician, a better 
christian, and an exceUent Latin poet.' He died 4 August, 1670, and is buried in 
thechorchof St. Peter and St. Paul at Bath. His Utvk\i^ Athena undiaD.N.B. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 171 

a^ he was very willing lo comunicate, I desire them to take Oxon in 
their way as they retume, ^ to take If Willises further advice {if it be 
niedfuU)/or having come thus farre I would they should make the best 
advaniage of their iourney they can. I professe to you both my wife 
if I are very heartily sorry that we should be just going out of\taume\ as 
they came in ; and if our bedding ^ goods had not been gone, we had 
put off our iourney till ye next weeke. So fane he. I thank you kindly 
for your care of my busines to M' Jackson, and I here returne you 
his letter : y® young man he mentions has been with me this weeke, 
in company of M' Nicholson ^, Minister of Plumland, at w«h time 
I took some triall of him, & find him scholler enough for my pur- 
pose : but M' Nichdson showed me a letter w<^^ y® young man had 
rec4 from M' Jackson touching this busines ; there was a passage in 
it w«h did a litle stumble me, viz: of ^oxnt youthfull frailties whereof 
he minded him, but no particulars. Of this I would be glad to know 
y« meaning; and further since M' Jackson, I perceive, has yet 
another, I shall desire you to know of him w<^h of the two he will 
rather comend to me; and I shall then resolve one way or other. 
In the interim, I beg your excuse for this great trouble I give you 
about it, and am 

Cockermoath 
May 19. 1667. YoT very affectionate Servant 

Tho: Smith. 
My humble service to yo^ good Lady. 

LXXXV «. 

Daniel Fleming to Richard Jackson (857 verso). 

S', 

I returne you many thankes for yours, y® effect whereof I have 

comunicated unto D' Smith, who has acquainted mee, y* James 

Bownas hath been with him, & that upon some triall of him y« D' 

finds him scholler enough for an Amanuensis; but upon reading 

* Joseph Nicholson, s. Joseph, of Parke Broome, Cumberland, pleb., entered 
Queen's CoUege as batler 7 Oct. 1637, matriculated 17 Nov. of the same year, 
aged 14 ; proceeded B.A. 15 July, 1643. He succeeded Lancelot Fletcher as vicar 
of Plumbland, was ejected by the commissioners, and restored at the Restoration. 
He died 1686, and is buried in his church under the Communion table. There is 
tn inscription to him and his wife Maria, who died 1689, written by their son 
William, bishop of Carlisle and afterwards of Derry. 

* This is a draft of D. F.'s letter, in- his handwriting, written on the back of 
Jackson's letter No. LXXXIIL 



l^2 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

of a letter from you, wherein it seems you minded Bownas of some 
youthful! frailties, y« I> is a little stumbled not knowing y« meaning 
thereof. If youl favour me with y® unriddleing of that passage, & 
since you have another in store, to acquaint me whether of these two 
you'l rather comend to y« I>, I know upon intimation thereof from 
me he'l then soon resolve one way or other. So hopeing to hear 
shortly from you, I rest 
May as. 67. Your very loveing 

Mend 

Dan: Flexing. 



LXXXVL 
Richard Jackson to Danul Fleming (866). 

HiGHLT-HONOURED S' 

When I receiued yours yesterday, I was resolued for Windermain^; 
and because I could not meet with your man that brought yours, 
according as I was informed thought good to dispatch an answer fro 
thence to your selfe. S^, as to the young man I commended to 
reverend dr Smith, I know no reason (notwithstanding my monitory 
to him) if his abilityes please him, why he may not entertaine him. 
I know him not guilty of any debauchery nor heare of any such 
failings in him. His frailtyes are such as too too comonly attend those 
yeares, viz. inconstancy & irresolution, & ouervaluing himselfe. These 
things I hoped that y« drs gravity might take off in time, and (if he 
foimd him otherwise qualified) it would be a part of charity to take 
him into his care. God doth most magnify his grace in taming the 
worst natures, & we after so good example should endeauour the like 
in instruction and education. But howeuer (Sr) if it be not the drs 
pleasure to admitt Bownas, I shall with all expedition I can, after my 
retume to Kendall, commend another to so reverend a friend. He 
lines at 16 miles distance from me, but assoone as I can convey a line 
to him, and receiue answer, you shall heare againe from 
yji A ' I Your much devoted Servant 

May a6. (67) Ric: JaCKSON. 

For the worshipfuU 
Daniel ffleming Esq' 
at Ridall-hall these 
with all care. 

^ These leem to be Mr. Jackson's ways of writing Windennexe. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 173 



Lxxxvn. 

Richard Jackson to Danul Flkhno (869). 

Much bonovred S* 

Since my returne home I haue not been vnmindefull of y« 
reverend dr, whom I really honour not onelj for his great deserts in 
the kingdome of Learning, but also for his candid acceptance of my 
poor labours in my calling, wch, were they greater than either they 
banc been, are, or like to be, yet arefarre short of keeping analogy to my 
desires, wherein I am vnwiUing to giue place to many ; tho for abil3rtyeSy 
to any. S', I haue spoken to a youth (that teacheth some pettyes ^ 
neaie Kendall) who is willing to seme the dr, if he approue of his 
abilytyes & fitnesse for his amanuensis. He is civill & modest & capable 
of what forme D' Smith will stampe vpon him : my scholar he was 
not, bat a scholar to mine. It is not y« youth, that in my last I in- 
tended to comend to y^ D', but one of as good hopes, tho not of equal 
progresse in Learning. S', this day I had thought to haue sent him 
towards Cockermouth, but not knowing the effect of my last, I thought 
good to waite for one line from you touching y® D" resolutions : In 
the interim I am 

KcndaU June z^ S' 

(^7) For Yo» to comand 

The worshipfuU Daniell Ric: Jackson. 

ffleeming Esq' at 
Rydall-Hall these 
p'sent 

Lxxxvm. 

Dr. Thomas Smith to Daniel Fleming (898). 
Sr 

I must still thank you for yo^ kind letters, & therein an account 
of w* passes in those parts, w^h I constantly comunicate to M' 
Williamson and he (I assure you) intertaines it with much kindnes. 
As for y« Gazettes, vr^^ it seemes have failed you sometimes of late, 
I have enquired into it, and find it has been through the carelessenes of 
an inferiour Gierke, not of Mr Francis *, whom indeed I find to be a 
very civill person : but I have taken such course in it that I think you 

> See Additional Notes. * See iL I, p. 158. 



174 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

will not have any more cause to complaine. At my retume I shall 
informe you at large of y« managem^ of y* affaire, I meane y« Intelli- 
gence, both written & printed : in y® meantime if you please to send 
me up a Note of wt Gazettes you want, I will take care to get them 
for you. They and y« newes-letters are (I assure you) all y* can be 
said, as to matter of intelligence, and therefore you will excuse me 
that I say no more. M' Dugdale * (yesterday) desired me to present 
his humble service to you; he is this day gone out of towne, for 
Warwickshire, w' he intends to reside till the beginning of y« next 
Terme. Our good Bp of Carlile' (for so he is yet) remtJers you very 
often, and was extremely surprised when I told him of yo' Bakers 
Chronicle ', w«J* I did soon after my coming to town : he assures me y* 
at his coming away from Rose ^ he left order for the sending of it im- 
mediately to Hutton ' ; He desires you will please to send thither to 
enquire after it; and in case it cannot be heard of, to let me know; 
and rather then you shall suffer by yc^ kindnes to him, he will send 
you one down from this place. I shall be glad to heare y* our Bathe- 

^ William Dugdale (1605-86), Blanch Lyon pnxvaivant 1638, Ronge Croix 
1639, Chester herald 1644, Norroy King-of-arms 1660, Garter 1677, when he was 
knighted ; author of the Monasticon^ the Antiquities of Warwickshire^ the History 
of St, Paufs Cathedral, the Barom;^ of England, and other works ; was a frequent 
correspondent of D. F. He perhaps made his acquaintance during his visitations 
of his province as Norroy during the years between 1663 and 1670. D. F. had 
similar tastes. Their relations are fully illustrated in the calendar of the R3rdal 
Papers, Historical Manuscripts Commission, Tivelfth Report, Appendix^ Part 
VII, Dugdale's life \&'m D. N B, 

* Edward Rainbow, master of Magdalene College, Cambridge, 1643-50, and 
1660-4, Vice-Chancellor of the University 1663, dean of Peterborough 1660, 
bishop of Carlisle 1664-84. His sermon on the death of Anne Clifford, Countess 
of Pembroke, Dorset, and Montgomery, was reprinted as one of the Carlisle 
Tracts by Samuel Jefferson in 1839, and to it is prefixed a memoir of the bishop. 
His portrait is in the hall of Magdalene College. His life S&\xi D, N, B. 

* This is not the chronicle of Galfridus le Baker, which Sir K Maunde Thompson 
edited in 1889, but A Chronicle of the Kings of Ilngland From the time of the 
Romans Government unto the Death of King James, by Sir Richard Baker, 
Knight, which was published first in 1643, went through nine editions between 
then and 1696, and was 'long popular with country gentlemen.' See more about 
it in D, N, B, under its author's name. 

* Rose Castle in Dalston parish south-by-west of Carlisle has been the principal 
residence of the bishops of Carlisle since Henry III granted the manor of Dalston 
to the then bishop and his successors. It suffered many outrages from the Scotch, 
and was totally demolished in the Civil Wars. When Bishop Rainbow came to 
the see no part of the house was habitable, save only from the chapel southward 
to the end of the old kitchen. He built the two parlours, chapel, entrance or 
passage, and the great staircase. (Nicolson and Bum, ii. 31a sqq.) 

* See n. 2, p. 5. 



c 



1667. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 175 

travellers ^ are safely returned home. With my humble Service to 
joorselfe and yo^ good Lady, I remaine ever 

Londoo ^ 

}xlji^ Yor faithfuU Servant 

Tho: Smith. 

For Daniel Fleming Esq' 

these at Rydall near 

Kendall. 

By ye Preston-Post ". 



LXXXIX. 

Dr. Thomas Smith to Daniel Fleming (899). 
Sr 
Yours of ye 15**^ from Penrith I have rec^, and showed it (as I 
did all yo' former) to Mr Williamso, who retumes you his service, & 
comends you for yo' great care and zeale in y« publick service. We 
have litle of newes at present (as you will find by his papers) but are 
big with expect£on, partly fro Breda ', and not lesse from this Session 
iX Parl^ now at hand ; God grant a good agreem^ amongst them, but 
many feare it. I am now beginning to look towards y^ North againe, 
my month of attendance^ drawing towards an end: I intend (God 
willing) to take Rydall in my way, and shall then give you a better 
account of things then I can at present by letters, having had but litle 
spare-time for writing ever since my coming hither, \v^^ will I hope 
excuse the shortnesse of this, & y® slovenlinesse of all my former. 
My service, I pray, to your good Lady, I am 
July 33*». S' 

Yor faithfull Servt 
T. S. 
Since I writ this, comes newes of the 
Dutch being come againe into the river 

* From a letter from Dr. Smith to D. F. (/?. P, 893) it appears that 'the 
Travellers were gone from Bathe * before the beginning of July. 

* It would seem from a volume of Post Bills or Labels from October to December 
1666, forming Vol. 184 of the Domestic State Papers of Charles II, that the chief 
post towns in the United Kingdom at this time were Bristol, Carmarthen, Deal, 
Derby, Dover, Edinburgh, Gloucester, Hnll, Manchester, Newcastle, Plymouth, 
Portsmouth, Preston, Shrewsbury, Southampton, Yarmouth, York. Sir Philip 
Frowde was Governor of the Posts. 

* Sec n. 1, p. 167. 

* sc. as chaplain to the king. 



176 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

and makeing up towards Gravesend \ for For Daniel Fleming Esq' 
w<^ I referre you to Mr Williamson. at Rydall near 

Kendall. 
By the Preston-Post*. 

XC. 
George Growls' to Daniel Fleming (957). 

HnU 13th Miuch 166}. 

M' Daniel fflemino 

S' at my Retume from London where my Son Roger* was 
Admitted of Inner Temple and from Oxon where left him Gentl>^ 
Commoner at Lincolne Colledge under the Tuition of Mr George 
Hix • flfellow: I visited my Cozen Wily Blenherazett • Commoner at 
Queen Colledge pray allowe o^ Brother in Law m' ffrancis Lowther ^ 

• 

* De Rnyter had bamt several English ships at Chatham in the middle of Juie. 
His attempts towards .the end of the month to come np the river again were 
defeated by Sir Edward Spragne. By the date of this letter peace had been con« 
daded. See n. i* p. 167. 

' Seen, a, p. 175. 

' R, P, 957 and 959 are duplicates of the same letter. It is printed here from 
957, which is in Crowle's own handwriting. The copy, 959, was probably made 
by a clerk. The amount of the bill (;&. 13. oa) is inserted only in the copy. The 
duplicates differ in many minute and in one or two less unimportant particulars. 
For Crowle see n. 5, p. 15. Many letters and accounts for wine from him occur in 
the Rydal Papers. He was employed regularly by D. F. in the purchase of wine. 

* Roger Crowle matriculated from Lincoln College 10 March, 1667-8, aged if, 
as son of George, of Hull, co. York, gent. He was admitted of the Inner Temple 
in the same year. 

* George Hicks matriculated as <ser.* from St. John*s College 19 May, 1659; 
proceeded 6.A. from Magdalen College 24 Feb. 1662-3 ; was fellow of Lincoln 
College 1664-80. He was canon of Worcester 1680, dean 1683-91, losing this 
preferment for refusmg to take the oaths to William III. Wood {Athena, iv. 565) 
and Heame (ed. Doble, i. 322) approve of him. His life is in D, N, B, He went 
among the non-jurors as bishop of Thetford, and died 15 Dec 17 15, aged 74. 

* William Blennerhasset entered Queen*s College as Commoner 30 June, 1667. 
He matriculated 4 May, 1668, aged 16, as son of Cuthbert, of Flimby, Cumberland, 
gent. He was licensed, as of Holme Cnltram, esq. 1 2 March, 1671-3, to marry 
Frances, daughter of Sir Edward Musgrave, of Ha3rton Castle, Cumberland, knt. 
and bart (for whom see n. 8, p. 134). Flimby had belonged to the Blennerhassets 
since the dissolution of the monasteries, and was sold to the Lowthers in 1772. 
The family derived its name from a township in the parish of Torpenhow in West 
Cumberland. A branch from Flimby settled in Ireland in the reign of Elizabeth, 
and to this branch the existing baronetcy belongs. 

^ Cuthbert Blennerhasset, William's father, was now dead, and his mother 
married again to Francis Lowther of Penrith. She was Alice, daughter of Roger 
KiriLby and sister to Ellen wife of George Crowle and to Mary nuurried to 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 177 

to returae him competent support he Complains much for want of 
it I have now prouided packed payd Carriage to Leeds & sent you 
bj Adresse of Mr Nathaniell Spencer ^ one Runlett of white wyne 
one Runlett Clared* marked L FLETCHER for Lady ffletcher' one 
Runlett Sacke ^ one Runlett white wyne D. FLEMING for yo^ selfe 
Haue made up in yo' owne Canuas & Cord for the safer conveyance 
vnto 70U amount vnto (as appeareth by the inclosed Perticulers 
£ : : as haue performed w^ best affection: And so wish may 
passe speedily for yo' most Accomodacon. And you &, yo^ noble Iriendes 
much health and Content in the spending of them the Clared wyne 
is somthing Rough but Sound the white wyne strong & Pleasant : I 
Haue adventured to make up yo' owne packe with the Runlett w^ 
wyne more then ordered not doubting of yo^ ApprobaSon : I am fully 
satisfied for what was formerly sent unto you And with Tender of 
mine ft Beloued wifes ^ dearest Respects to yo' selfe Vertuous Lady 
k fiunily wherein Capable to seme you subscribe 

Yo's at Conunand 
Geor: Crowle 
To Daniell Fleming &c &c &c 
Esqr. In 
RydaU 
With 2 horse packe L: Fletcher 
& D: Flemino 

Nathaniel Spenser. She was therefore sister-in-law to Crowle, and her husband 
therefore called brother-in-law. She was first cousin to D. F., whose mother Alice 
was sister to her father. R, P. 1013, 1019 and 1027 are letters (1668) from 
Francis Lowther to D. F. 

* Nathaniel Spencer, Crowle's brother-in-law, was a merchant at Leeds, where 
his address was Laus Deo. R, P, 963 is a letter from Nat. Spencer, dated 
33 March, 1667, with reference to the safe conveying of pies to brother Crowle. He 
also describes the means he has taken to send the wine from Leeds to Jam: Sympson 
in Kendall, and signs himself ' Yo' Lo: Cozen & seruant.' His wife was Roger 
Kirkbj's yonngest danghter. 

' Claret, as we should call it, Bordeaux wine. A Runlet or Rundlet, according 
to Bailey {Dictionary, s.v.), was a cask holding from three to twenty gallons. 
Two runlets were, it would seem from below, made up into one pack. Perhaps one 
was carried each side of the horse. 

* Lady Fletcher, D. F.'s mother-in-law, for whom see n. i , p. 4- 

* Sacke or sac : see n. i, p. 33. 

* Seen. 5, p. 15. 



N 



178 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

XCI. 

The Earl of Carlisle^ to Daniel Fleming (960). 
Sr 

Accordinge to the directions the Pye * came safe to hand, & very 
seasonably. I thanke y^ for yt favo' and shall remaine 

Yo' affectionate freind 
London the 20**^ March : ^ 

i66f Carlisle. 

For Daniel Fleminge 
£sqr at Rydall 
Neer Kendill 
Lancashire 

P Pmrtth post ». 

XCII. 
Dr. Richard Keurdsn^ to Daniel Fleming (983). 

Yours long agoe by Mr John Kirkby* I receaued, together with a 
draught of your pedegree ; which being so accurately done and attested 
by deedes and other recordes, that it contradicted the old maxime 
ffacile est inventis addere, and that not only now but heretofore like- 
wise hath inforced me to disapoint you in the expectation of any satis- 
factory Answer to your desires but I must craue your candide Inter- 
pretation of my Silence and my euer welwishes and affection towards 

* Seen. 4, p. 151. 
' See Appendix B. 

' The word Penrith is obliterated. The writer seems to have thought that the 
post to Kendal went through Penrith, which was a mistake. 

* His real name seems to have been Jackson. His adopted name was derived 
from Cnerden, near Preston in Lancashire, where he was bom. He was admitted 
commoner of St. Mary Hall 1638, removed to Emmanuel College, Cambridge^ at 
the beginning of the Civil War, where he proceeded B. A. in 164a. Was incorporated 
B.A. at Oxford on his return to St. Mary Hall, and proceeded M.A. 1646, D.M. 
1665. He commenced practice in Preston, but soon devoted himself to antiquarian 
study. He started a history of Lancashire, but it never came to more than 
a proposal for publishing one, and his manuscripts are now divided between the 
Heralds' College, the Chetham Library, Manchester, and the British Museum. 
There is the beginning of an autobiography in John Whitaker's History of Man- 
Chester^ and a life of him in D, N, B, He was a friend of Christopher Townley 
and of Sir William Dugdale. 

' See n. 5, p. 4. 




THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 179 ' 

I. since ihe Initialton of our acquaintance in Oxon, which euer shal 
LUC one and the same unfainedly at your seruice. S' I haue 
obserued many things relating to your family or at least lo a second 
branch thereof, for some time planted amongst us here in these parts, 
but being at this present upon a full perusall of our Dulchy Records ' 
which in a short time I hope to finish, I would not willingly produce 
an embrio so nere a full account, and ihat before so discreel and 
learned an Antiquary as your self. I hope ere long to collect as to as 
your desires what our records will afford as relating to your ffamily in 
ihes pans and transmitt ihem with what celerity I can unto your self, 
my hitherto collections are not altogether in my owne custodye at 
present, and many other good things that Mr Christopher Townley' to 
the same purpose haih collect*! which as yet I haue not had the 
opportunity lo puse but I shortly hope to haue, after which time I shal 
lo my power be ready to giue you an accompt not only of your here- 
tofore desires, but likewise of any other thing or person coming within 
the verdge ' of my Inquisition, yet god will willing within a post or 
two to Kendal I shal giue you a Tast of some gleanings as to your 
desires and at present shal craue to subscribe 

Your affectionate ffrend and serrat 

Ri: Kei'rden 
(Tor Danyell ffleminge 
£sqf att Rydal in West 
=[iiorland Thes 

' la bit nowbiograpby Kcnrden writes;— I peniid stl the recordi id the Tower 

KLcodoa relating to the coant; of Luicaster, the Domesday Book in the Tally 

I, the records at WeMminsiet, cbapcl of Rolls, the Dntchy Office bI Gray's 

I, the Pcliu, and msDy olber olEcn, and at Lancaster what remained in the 

taaaj Court and the Commoa Plens. and other lesi pabliqac coarls within 

;y. (Whilalter'a Hislary of Mamhgslcr, u. sSS,) The Dulchy is of 

It of Laacasler, Pelns are Pells, i.e. skins. The offices of the Anditors, 

I, Clerka of the Pelli, &c., in the Excheqaer of Receipt were abolished by 

4 William IV c 15 ([S34), and the records removed to the Rolls Office [a 

184). A Catalogne of the Recoid Rolls in Ihe Pell Office of the Eicheqnet from 

Riebard I lo William IV is al the British Mawum. (Sims' yt/imiW, p. 461.) 

* Keardeo in his autobiography calli ChriBlophei Townly of Car Hall a wotlhy 

, and his partner in his design. He was sod of Richard Towaeley of 

~ 7 Hall, lived for tome time at Haptoo Tower near Bamley, hnl removed 

■ tnuriage to Alice, daughter of John Braddyll and widow of Richard 

<Iey of Can Hall, to hts wife's first hosband's residence; and on her death 

il |6S7 (o Moorhiles near Coine, where he died in 16-4. He Icll at least fifty- 

nhw volumes of tianicripB which are described in Fourth Refort 0/ Hutoricai 

Mtmuiri/fi CemmiiiiaH, pp. 408 »qq. HU lifr li ia A. AL B. 

' L e. verge, or boondary. 

N 3 



x8o THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

XCIIL 
Daniel Fleming to Joseph Williamson (5727, 5728). 

Rydall, Dec. 4. 68. 

I should be much wanting unto my selfe, should I not congratulate 

your becomeing my neighbour ; and I am not a little glad that you 

have (as I am told) bought y® ancient Seat of your Family *. In y« 

Close of one of your late Newes-Letters, there was a desire for me to 

remember your Clerks; wh I shall do most willingly: But beeing 

a stranger unto them all, & being hitherto onely obliged (for your 

Newes-Letters & Gazettes) unto your selfe ; I shall desire to continue 

still the same method, & to receive your intimation w^ others give them. 

I sent them by D' Smith so" y« last time he was with you, wh he paid 

unto Mr Francis ' ; & w^ more you'l be pleased to intimate, shall in that 

(as in all other things) be observed by 

S' 

Your most obliged Servant 

D.F. 
For Mr Williamson. 

XCIV. 
Joseph Williamson to Daniel Fleming (1032). 

Whitehall . Jan. 2. SS. 
DeaRE St 

To one that has been so kind to me in y« old yeare I cannot 
omitt to retume at least my good wishes for y® contents & happinesse 
of y« new. 

I am oblidged to yo^ for yo' complim*" upon my new purchase. 

* This document is a draft or transcript of a letter sent by D. F. to Williamson. 
The next of such drafts on the same sheet of paper {R, P, 5729) is of a letter dated 
10 May, 1669, in which D. F. writes : ' I am (I assure yon) very glad to know of 
your late purchase of Winderwath.* He refers lower down to ' your other purchase 
in Cumberland.' Winderwath in Westmorland is an estate, ecclesiastically in 
Clibum parish, but wholly surrounded by the parish of Brougham. Nicolson and 
Bum (i. 400) say it was sold by George, Earl of Cumberland, to Thomas Brath* 
waite of Warcop, esquire, one of whose descendants sold it to Mr. Wyrill, ' in 
whose posterity it still continues.* Mr. W. Longrigg, the present owner of 
Winderwath, informs me that he has no trace among his papers of Williamson's 
ownership of the estate. He perhaps did not complete the purchase when he 
found that the Countess of Pembroke was inflexibly opposed to his candidature as 
MJ?. for Appleby. 

' See n. i« p. 158. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD i8i 

I assure y^ if it had not been that reason y« yo^ selfe assigned, a 
natorall respect for my Country, & in some measure for y« penates \ y« 
dust of my ancesto" ft relations, I am not in so great a fullnesse, as to 
thinke of purchaseing especially in so captious an age as this is. But 
sorely a younger Courtier than I may now thinke myselfe might be 
wen enough seen to make such a purchase, w^out being enuyed for 
it I hope I am not. I am sure I affect not anything of great or 
powerfulL To be an honest man, & to be thought so (if I may, at 
least by good men,) is my first aime, such I take y^ to be, S^, w^ut 
an complemt, ft therfore I conjure y^ to continue me in yo' good 
opinion, ft to believe I thinke of deseruing it, as, 

Sr 
Mr Fleming Yoi* most faithfuU humble Servt 

Joseph Wiluamson 

XCV. 
Robert Yard* and others to Daniel Fleming (1075). 

Whitehall. July if>. 69. 
Worthy S^. 

Having formerly wrot to yo^ ignorantly for a remembrance of vs 

y« Clerks y* writes yo^ weekly newes, and vnderstanding since by o* 

Master y^ wee have done very foolishly and Contrary to his inten6on 

ft knowledge, and seeing it was rashly and innocently done, o' 

humble request to yo^ Worship is that yo^ would Condesend soe farr 

as to interpose with o'' Master in this affaire by a lyne or twoe vnder 

yC hand and yo^ will not only thereby obliterate our late errour but 

eternally oblige vs to bee 

Hond Sr 

Yo^^ most humble Servants 

Ro: Yard 

Hen Ball' 

Fras Melsam*. 

' Williamson was bom at Bridekirk, of which his father was vicar x625-34« 
Papcastle, one of the manors in the parish, was forfeited to the crown in the 
rdgn of Elizabeth, and granted by the Queen to Lancelot Salkeld, Thomas Brath- 
waite, and Richard Tolson, and included a tenement of 34 acres in the occupation 
of John Williamson. Richard Tolson, M.P. for Cockermouth, was one of Joseph 
Williamson's earliest patrons. (Nicolson and Bnm, ii. loi, 105.) 

* Robert Yard, a clerk in the Secretary of State's office, became Under-Secretary 
in 1699. {Letters to Sir Joseph IVii/iamson, i. i, n. 4.) 

* Seen. 1, p. 153. 

* From the context Melsam is clearly one of 'Williamson's clerks. The only 



i8a THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



St 



XCVL 
John Dalston^ to Daniel Fleming (1090). 



If yo^ occasions call- yo^ to penrith sessions * (as I hope they will) 

I would be verie gladd to meete yo^ at Lowther ' either the day before 

or that Weddensday; in order to the dispatch of some business; 

relatinge to the Countess of pembroke ^ : in w<^ yo^ assistance is verie 

requisite, and is (by the Countess) mutch desyred. I desyre to heare 

fro yo° (as soone as with conueniency yo^ may) what day, and houre, 

yo^ will assigne me ; that the business may be p^ared against that 

tyme. S', my respects beinge p'sented to yo' good Ladye, the rest is, 

that 

I am 

Yo' affectionate Couzen 

Accombankc* and Seruant 

Septem: the 28 t -n^ 

*^ (^ John Dalston 

ffor his honored friend 
and Couzen Daniell 
ffleminge Esq' at 
Rydall 
these. 

reference I can discover to him in S, P, Z7. is in a letter from H. Aldrich to his 
]!>rother-in-law Rob. Francis (for whom see n. i, p. 158), dated Lichfield, 3 April, 
1669, where he sa3rs he has received letters from my cousin Melsam and Mr. Price. 
The latter is probably Gervase Price, the under-keeper of St. James's Park and 
keeper of the private armoury in Whitehall palace. 

^ John Dalston of Acombank in the parish of Kirkby Thore in Westmorland, 
entered Queen's College in Easter Term, 1629, and matriculated 2 Dec. 1631, 
aged 19. He proceeded B.A. 24 Jan. 1631-2 ; he entered Gray*s Inn i Nov. 1631, 
was M.P. for Appleby 1 661-78. He was son of Sir Christopher, who was knighted 
by James I upon his return from his progress into Scotland 16 15. His wife was 
Lucie, daughter and heir of Richard Fallowfield of Melkinthorpe (which is the 
manor house of Great Strickland, though this is a manor in Morland parish), for 
whom see n. 4, p. 69. His eldest son Christopher married Bridget, daughter of 
Sir Henry Fletdier and sister-in-law of D. F. The cousinship was, however, 
derived from their common descent from Sir John Lowther of Lowther Kt, who 
was captain of Carlisle Castle 37 Hen. 8, whose daughter Joan married John 
Fleming of Rydall 6 Hen. 8, while his daughter Mabel married Christopher Dalston 
of Acombank 37 Hen. 8. He died 13 April 1692, aged 86. He is buried in the 
church of Kirkby Thore, with a long inscription on his monument (Nicolson and 
Bum, i. 384). « See Additional Notes. 

* The village of Lowther formerly stood just in front of the site of the present 
castle, and was bought and pulled down by Sir John Lowther in 1682. It was 
about four miles south of Penrith. 

* See n. 6, p. 9. * See n. 9, p. 4. 



f 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



XCVII. 
'Richard Jackson' to Daniel Fleming (1098}. 



It is now fiib'ng (if not long agoe) ihal your bookes shouM 
ttunke or home afler SO long a captivity, many many ihankes to you, 
&. for thai use that I haue had of your bookes, & I doe againe craue 
pardon of you, if I haue either wronged your selfe or any more worthy 
friend : tho on Saturday last your candour would not giue you leaue 
lo charge me with incivility. Your Comedys are yet in my brother 
Wilsons' hand It departed before I had given it a visit, assoone 
as I can recouer it, I will retume it I hcare that one Stubs' has 
written against the History of ihe Royall Society. Let others censure, 
kl others laugh, I will not. Their method does promisse well to 
maokinde, and if in its infancy it meet with scolfcs from the ignorant 
or envious world, it bootes not The like inlertainment formerly found 
the hereiicatl opinion of the Antipodes', & ridiculous attempt of 
Coliunbus', or whatsoeuer checkcs thai Vnivcrsall knowledge, that 

* Seen. l,p. 16S. 

■ Sec AddiboTul Nolei. 

* Uenr; Stubb«, Slubbc, or Slubbe* (1631-76), cdacaied at Westmimter nnd 
Chlllt Cburch, whence he matiicuUled 13 March, 1650-1, proceeded B.A, 4 Jaly, 
l(Sl M.A. ij Dec. 1656, lerved ia the parliamentary army in Scolknd, made 
Mcond keeper of the Bodleian Libraiy 1657, deprived of lib Undcnlship ai Christ 
Qunch and hii poit in Ihe library 16J9 by Dr. Edward Reynolds for a pesEilem 
book again*! the clergy and nnj versifies, practised as a physician amoog other 
(iteee* at Stialfoid opon Avon, Warwick, aod Balh, imprisoned 1673 for wriliog 
afainM ibe Doke of York's marriage with Mary of Modena. drowned neat Balh, 
I) Jit]<r. 1676, His attack on the History of Ihe Royal Socieiyof which the anlhor 
«w Thomas Sprat, aflerwards bishop of Rochesler, was called Legends no Histories ; 
or * Specimen of some Animadversions opon the Hislory of the Royal Society, 
IdDdoa, 1670, 4ta. Hit life is in the Alhtnit and ia D.N. B. 

* 'I* It possible,' says LacCaotlUt (/ml. I. lii. 33), qnoled by Whewell, Hislery 
^ til Inductive ScUnctr (ed. 1847), vol. i. p. 371, 'that men can be so absurd ai 
lo believe that the crops and trees on the other side of Ihe eatth hang downwards, 
uA that men there have their feel hi^er tbsn their heads 7 If yon ask of them 
how they defend these mousttoiities 7 — how things do not fall avay from the earth 
on thai side? they reply, that the nature of Ibings i> sach thai heavy bodies tend 
tnwd* the center, !ike the spokes of a wheel, while light bodies, as clondi, 
Mnoke, fire, tend from the center towards the hcnvens on all sides. Now I am 
■tally at a loss what to say of those who when once Ifacy have gone wrong, 
steadily pcrsereie in theii folly, and defend one absurd opinion by another.' 

* Colnmbtis's proposal to teach Asia by sailing westwoid. which rcsaltcd !n the 
diaeovcir of America, was oppowd by Biblical tcaU, qaotations from great divines 



i84 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

some mens Conceits haue advanced them to. But my pen growes 
a little forward, & therefor, I will adde no more, but that I am 

Kendall a8 8»«»« 

(69) For Yo' very much ingaged servant 

The Worshipfull Daniel Ric: Jackson 

ffleming, Esquire these 

with three bookes. 



xcvm. 

Daniel Fleming to Charles Perrot' (573i)* 

Rydall, Jan: 15, ff 

I am glad (to perceive by yours) that Mr Williamson hath 
comitted y® managemt of his private correspondence unto so good 
an hand, tho it's not my happiness to be acquainted with you. As to 
w^ you write concerning your clarks I make bold to acquaint you, that 
hitherto Mr Williamson hath been pleased to favour mee weekly (upon 
y« scoar of our ancient acquaintance) with his written & printed 
intelligence, wherewith (& his many other kindenesses) He hath very 
much obliged mee; And tho' he was pleased frankly to do this, yet 
have I not quite forgotten his clarks, as they are pleased to informe 
you ; for I have severall times viz. Apr. 9. 68 & Jan. 8. 68 remembered 
them with money * (wh I presume is y« best way of hearing from one 
that is a stranger unto them all) both by D' Smith, & Mr Newman '. 
And if you bee pleased to continue Mr Williamsons kindeness to mee, 
in favouring me with your Intelligence once a week, I shall not onely 
take it for a great obligation, but shall also send yearly 50^ amongst 
your clarks : But if you shall thinke fitt to deprive me of this happiness 
of your correspondence, being a stranger unto you ; I shall willingly 
submit to your pleasure, & turn my thoughts towards y^ better 

and theological objectionf, was often decided to be vain and impracticable, and 
was eighteen years under discussion before it was brought to effect. 

^ Charles Perrot, matriculated from Oriel College 9 Apr. 1647, s. Edward of 
Northleigh, Oxon. gent ; B.A. 1649, M.A. 1653 ; made fellow by the visitors 1653, 
died 23 April, 1677. He was one of Williamson's clerks. There are innumerable 
references to him in S, P, D. 

* £2 lor. on each occasion. See Appendix £. 

* See n. 2, p. 143. In the entry for Jan. 8. 68 (Appendix £) D. F. calls him 
' my uncle Newman.' 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 185 

managemt of my owne private concemes ; w^ I presume will be no 

less advantagious unto 

S' your most humble 
For Charles Perrot Esq> Servant 

at y Lord Arlington's D. F. * 

office in Whitehall hast 

These 

London 

XCIX. 
Joseph Williamson to Daniel Fleming (1136). 

Sr Whitehall, 26 Mar. f| 

I am ashamed to be runne so much in arreare w^ you of all 
kindSy letters & presents, You will thinke this but a short way of 
repayment and yet I am in hopes you will haue y® goodnesse to 
accept of it 

I have y« fauo^ of y' excell* charpye * & so I had of a discreet & 
prudent long letter some time before, for all w^h I humbly thanke y^. 
I am not pleased till wee find some other wayes of telling y^ y^ 
esteeme wee have for yC discreet & loyall cares in y« County-affaires. 
If Requests had or doe goe on, or anything of that kind I pray y^ 
comand me most freely, who am w^ much affecton & esteeme 

Deare S^ 

Yor most humble Serv* 
Mr Fleming Joseph Williamson 

For Daniel Fleming 
Esqr at Rydall 
Kendall 
franck M Hickes' 

C. 
Joseph Williamson to Daniel Fleming (1152). 

Dears S' Whitehall. June 28. 1670. 

I know I am strangely in arreare to y^^, if you were not extremely 
good natured to forbeare me. I beseech y^ once for all forgiue 

* At the end of this draft D. F. later added this note : * Sent 50* Mar. a i, 69, by 
my brother Alexander (for whom see n. 4, p. 13) onto Mr Perrot for his Clarkes.* 

^ See Appendix B. 

• In R. P, 151 3 from Whitehall, 18 Aprill, 1674, H. Ball (for whom see n. i, 
P- 153) writes: *I haue sent to y« Post M' here Mr Hickes w**» that & other 
complaintes Sc wee shall if possible find a remedy ' (for the non-arrival of some of 
D. F.'s news-letters). 



i86 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

want of ceremonyes. I assure y^ there is no body I esteeme &, 
value more than I doe yO^selfe & wth great reason. 

Y^ haue heard of heauy afflicion fallen on Vs in y^ losse of Madame ^ 
Enclosed I send y^ all wee yet know of it, or y^ consequences upon it. 
Wch y« will please to communicate at yo' leisure to D^f Smith w*^^ 
my humble service (Though all his friends are sorry they cannot see 
him oftener on this side Trent.) 

I am euer wth much esteeme 
Mr Fleming. Deare S' 

Yo^ most humble & faithfull 
Serut 

For Daniel Fleming Esq^f Joseph Williamson 

at Rydall 

Kendall 
Williamson franck M Hickes * 

CI. 
Joseph Willumson to Daniel Fleming (1268). 

Dears S^ WhitehaU, Dec. 5, 1671. 

I haue y« fauo' of yo' lett' of y« 24 past', and retume y« my 
humble thankes for remembering me, tho I doubt haue deserued to 
be forgott by so long & profound a silence. Indeed I am ashamed of 
it But as I neu' take any of yo' civilityes for complim*«, So I hope 
y^ will neu' looke for any meere complim*« from me, and I am sure 
I will neu' be wanting in any reall & true resp* to y". 

This is meerly to beg yo^ pardon for so long a silence, & to kisse 
my Lady's hands. Onely as a close let me congratulate o^* worthy 
Tuto' Dr Smiths new Title of Deane of Carlisle*, w^h I assure y" 
everybody here thinkes but too litle for him. So much content he is 
to haue in his owne meriting of it. And that y^ will say is not y^ 

' ^. T'. 1 152 a is the translation of a letter addressed from VersaiUes by Mons. 
de Lionne to Mons. Colbert, Louis XIV's ambassador in England, containing an 
account of the death of the Duchess of Orleans (Madame), sister of the English 
king, with many medical details. Henrietta, youngest daughter of Charles I, was 
married 1661 unhappily to Philip, Duke of Orleans, only brother of the French 
king. She acted as go-between in the secret negotiations between her brother and 
her brother-in-law and died ao June, 1670, aged twenty-six. 

• Seen. 3, p. 185. 

' R, P. 5735 b a draft of this letter. It is principally occupied with the account 
of a bad poisoning case, and says besides that ' our conyenticlers are at present 
pretty quiet' 

* He was not admitted till 4 March, 167 i-a. 




THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



.8, 



I 
I 



squ&II measure of many pTerm'*. W" it is past y" Scale '. I meane 
to make him my ownc complira" on it. 

I remain e eu' w'li much esteeme 
Mr Fleming. Deare S' 

Yo' most humble Serv* 

Joseph Williamson 

CII. 
Daniel Fleming to Sib Joseph Williamson (5736)*. 

Much honoured S'. 

I hope you'l give me leave, lo retume you my many thankes for 
y* favour of your last very kind & obligeing letter, & amongst your 
many friends ft honourers to congratulate your laie advancem'' w** I 
wonder should be thus long delayed. From a clerk soon may you 
proceed to be a Secretary, a Milile may you be advanced ad Ducem, 
& may all who his Majestye shall imploy be as knowing faythrull 
& industrious as yourselfe. This I heartily wish for his Majestys 
service, & for y» good of all us his subjects ; and tho' wee are like 
10 have an aciive sumer*, yet then I should not fear but that wee should 
have very good success. Your newes of our Tutors Promotion' (you 
may be sure) was very acceptable unto mee, & so (give me leave to 
tell you) was y* of bis Pupils; & may y* Church & State be aiwayes 
so served ; Then I am confident all our enemies both at home & 
abroad would soon be obliged lo strike sayle to us. I wish us good 
success in y* warr we are (as its said) rushing into ; & if y^ King 
shall pay well & hang well he'l be probably y* better served. May be 
it would be no ill pollicy for his Majesty to erect some Navall- 

■ Seen. 1. p. 141. 

* This is ■ draft in D. F.'s hanriwriting, one of ■ leries. 

* WillUniKin w>i made clerk lo the I 'livy Council, and knighled }f Jon. i67[-). 
Oa Ac pierioni day Jolm Evclytl eiiten in hit diuy, ■ To London, in order to 
S' Rich' Browne, my fntbei in law, reaigQing his place of Cletke of the Cooncil 
t« Joteph 'Wtlliamton, Esq. who wu admitted, and was knighted. Tbli place his 
HaV bad promis'd to gire me manir yeatea before; but apon consideration of the 
rotewal of our Icok and other icuons, I chose lo part with it to S' Joseph, who 
gave ni and y* rest of his brother cteatk^ a handsome supper at his house, and 
after mpper a consort of muUc' 

* It witneued 17 March a declaration of war by England and France agatoil 
the Dutch, a8 May the defeat of the Dutch in Soulhwold Bay, and Inter on the 
OTCiniDnin^ of great part of Holland by Louis XFV aided by a body of English 
troops Bnder the Doke of Moauiuuth, nod liniUy 4 Aug. the murder of the brolhcn 
de Witt, and the appointment of Willism, I'nnci: uf Onuigc, ai stadtholiler. 

Smith's appoiatmenl to the deanei; of Carliik. 



i88 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

Honor (as of y« Royall Oak *, &c vi^ should continue onely durante 
vitse) or to declare that he'l give such rewards as y® Navall crownes 
were amongst y^ Romans for y^ better encouragemt of our ambitious 
English seamen. Pray excuse these my wild Fancys &, believe mee 
that most seriously I am 

For his much honoured Your most obliged 

friend S^ Joseph Williamson & fajrthfuU Servant 

K^ clerk of his Majesties D. F. 

most honourable Privy 

Councell, hast these at 

Whitehall 

London. 

cm. 

Dr. Thomas Smith to Daniel Fleming (1283). 
S' 

I here send you a letter from y« Bp of Carlisle •, w«** came last 

Satturday inclosed in one to me : & to save himselfe the trouble of 

writing y« same things over againe, he referred me to what he has 

writt to you, and gave me comission to breake open his letter if I 

pleased. In his letter to me, he makes a very kind mention of you, 

in these very words — / re/erre you to uf I have wrtiten to my most 

obliging friend y* ever honour d Mr Fleming, whose paines, prudence, 

or resolution I know not w"^ most to ascribe y^ conduct of my affaire 

unto. It was as we guessed ; Deane Carleton ' was not consecrated 

at y« time mentioned in y« Newes-letter, and whether he be yet or 

no I do not know, but last Sunday (my L^ tells me) was y« day 

designed for it, though 'tis a question whether it would hold or not 

The Bishoprick of Durham ^ is not yet disposed of, nor (possibly) will 

^ The Royal Oak was an order of knighthood proposed to be instituted at the 
Restoration. A list of persons on whom it would be proper to confer it was 
prepared, bat the design came to nothing. See Appendix F. 

' See n. 2, p. 174. He was now engaged with Richard Sterne, abp. of York, 
his predecessor in the 'see of Carlisle in a controversy about dilapidations at Rose 
Castle (for which see n. 4, p. 174). The report of the Commissioners appointed 
to examine into the condition of the castle and Archbishop Steme*8 liabiUties is 
R. P, 1224, calendared in the Report of the Historical MSS. Commission, The 
Commissioners were not unanimous and regarded their own report as imperfect. 
The bishop's letter here referred to is R. P, 1280 and full of technical details. 

' See n. 6, p. 136. He was consecrated in Westminster Abbey 11 Feb. 167 1-2, 
and translated to Chichester in Jan. 1678-9. 

* The bishopric of Durham, vacated by the death of Bishop John Cosin who 
died 15 Jan. i67i>a, was not ^ed up for more than two yean. Conn's successor 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 189 

nol be in hast, if y^ Kings necessities continue to presse him in this 

busy state of things : bat o' Bp of Chester ^ (I perceive) is most spoke 

o( though others say Sarum \ and then Worcester ' to be removed 

thither. Though, after all, I perceive these are no more but bare 

conjectures, nothing being yet resolved, nor like to be in hast, so farr 

as I can heare. You will meet with a piece of great newes in yo^^ 

Gazette, of M' Williamsons being knighted and sworn one of y« 

Clarkes of y« Council! in Ordinary. Another particular I have from 

a private hand (w<^ probably will not be mentioned in y® ordinary 

papers) viz : y* S' Tho: Bond * last weeke arrived at Rye, from France, 

with 600000 PistoUs, a present to his Mof^ from y French King 

(those are y® words of y« letter) and that on Monday last 40 of his 

Ma**« Guard with 12 waggons went down to Rye to convey it up to 

London. I have not further, save onely my service to yourselfe & yo' 

good Lady, remaining ever 

Febr. 2<». S' 

Yours 

I here send you a book, sealed up, as I rec<l it from Mr Lowther*, 

who tells me it comes from y« Sheriffe. 

For his much honourd friend . 

Daniel Fleming Esquire at 

Rydale. 
with a booke. 

was Nathaniel Crew, bishop of Oxford, who was translated a a Oct 1674, ^uid 
held the see for forty-eight years. 

^ John Wilkins, i$i whom see n. a, p. loi. He had been consec^|ted bishop 
of Chester 15 Nov. 1668, and died, still bishop of Chester, 19 Nov. i6pa. 

* Seth Ward, fellow of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, 1640, Savilian 
Professor of Astronomy, Oxford, 1649, ^^'^ ^^ the earliest members of the Royal 
Society, President of Trinity College, 1659, which office he vacated on the reinstate- 
ment of Hannibal Potter, who had been removed by the Parliamentary Visitors, 
dean of Exeter 26 Dec. i66x, consecrated bishop of Exeter ao Jnly, 166a, trans- 
lated to Salisbury September, 1667, recovered the chancellorship of the Garter for 
that see 1671, and died, still bishop of Salisbury, 6 Jan. 1688-9. 

' Walter blandford succeeded Wilkins as Warden of Wadham 1659, was con- 
secrated bishop of Oxford 3 Dec. 1665, translated to Worcester June, 167 1, and 
died, still bishop of Worcester, 16 July, 1675. Lingard calls him the 'protestant 
confessor * of James IPs first wife. 

* Thomas Bond, made Comptroller of the Household to Queen Henrietta Maria, 
baronet 9 Oct. 1658, a favourite of Charles IL His wife, Marie Peliott or de la Card 
of Paris, had a sister maid of honour to Queen Catherine of Braganza. Their daughter 
Mary Charlotte was brought up by the Duchess of Orleans, Charles IPs sister. 

' Perhaps Francis, the stepfather of William Blennerhasset (n. 6, p. 176) and 
second husband of Alice Kirkby (n. 7, ib.). The sheriff of Cumberland at this time 
was Anthony Bouche, of Cockermouth, esquire. 



190 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

CIV. 
Daniel Fleming to Bp. Guy Carleton of Bristol* (129SV 

My Lord, Rydale, Febr. 34. ^ 

Since I have lately heard of your Lordships consecration, I hope 
you'l be pleased to give me leave (in y« croud of your welwishers) to 
congratulate your late Promotion, & to wish that his Majestys favour 
may dayly encrease towards you. I am glad to hear that his Majesty 
is so kind to one that hath so frankly ventured Life & Limb in his 
service ; A I hope that an old Cavalier may ere long be translated to 
old Bishopprick'; tho' at present there may be some necessity for 
a stout Prelate to be in a see where there are (I feare too many) 
Fanatickes. So, with y^ tender of my humblest service unto your 
Lordship & all yours, desireing your Benediction, I rest 

Your Lordships 
For y« Right Reverend most obedient Servant 

Father, in God Guy Lord D. F. 

Bishop of Bristoll Leave this with Mr Willil 

These Young Watchmaker over 

agt y« Crowne in King street 
Westminster • 

London. 

CV. 

Dean Thomas Smith of Carlisle to Daniel Fleming (1323). 

Sr 

To answer yo^ letters in y© same order as I rec^ them, I shall 

first acquaint you y* I ifhediately writt a second letter to y® Bp *, and 

sent away John Sibson " with it to Penreth, y* so it might have y« 

advantage of y* first Post I therein acquainted his Lop, y* you 

* Sec n. 6, p. 136. 

' See D. 3, p. 188. Bristol was a poor bishopric, as were most of Henry VIII*s 
creations. An old bishopric meant a better one. 

' ' King Street would seem to have been at one time noted for its coffee-houses.' 
In the fifth edition (1676) of Izaak Walton*s additions to the Compute AngUr, 
reference is made to an eel 3 1 feet long caught in the Peterboro' river in 1667 ; 
' if you will not believe me then go and see it at one of the coffee-houses in King 
Street, Westminster.' (Thombury and Walford's Old and New London^ iv. aS.) 

* sc. of Carlisle, for whom see n. a, p. 174. 

* John Sibson was a trusted domestic in the family of Dean Smith at Cocker- 
mouth. 



F 

I tad srov 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 191 

tad proved better ihen yC word [as honest men use to do) and bad 
wrilt lo y* Judge ' ; teiling him withall j* effect of yo' letter {so far &s 
bis Lo" was concerned in it) and then adding, That (u)halner tfftcl it 
may have upon y Judge) it will, I think, abundantly satisfy yo' Lof of 
Mr Fltmings (onslani stale in yo' Cause, 6( his readintss lo serve you 
to y utmost of his power. And indeed, if y* Judf;e be not too farr 
prepossessed (as Judges, of all men. should not) I verily believe yo' 
IcHct may do much good upon him. A short time now will show us 
J* issue. I here returne you y" copy of yo' letter, and shall be glad 
to beare w' relume ye Judge makes to it, as doubtlesse some he will 

For yC other letter (by this bearer) it had a great deale of newea in 
it ; and coming from so good a hand, there's no question to be made 
of its truth. I had a letter by y last Satlurday Post from D' L. ^ 
(dated Apr: 23''^) wherein he tells me. That on y* Thiu-sday morning 
before, about 3 a clock in y* morning, y* D. of York took boat for 
Chattam', being alarmed y' y Dutch Fleet were come out : W^ upon 
further enquiry (he sayes) proved to be i a of their men of warr, wJ" 
are passed by o'' coasts, we know not yet whither. The Dutch say, 
y* French Fleet has been ready a good while, but dares not come 
out without an English Convoy, On Sunday iit'> of this moneth 
DfTjlIolson* preacbt before j« King, on i Cor: 3. 16. He run over 

' At tbe end of ■ letter (X. f. I3i;)d»(ed Rydile, Apr. 14, 71. the beginning 
of which tefen to a. poisoning case. D. F. h>d sbiiralljr pal in some words sbont 
Ihe ildl between the bijhop of Caili«!e uid the aichbiatiop of York with [crerence 
to Rose CiElle. ' I could heaitily wish.' he writes, ' that a good igrKQient might 
be nude bctvrccnc them, y" Prelato haTcicg oppoMn enough, withoot contending 
wie with tnolhei 1 and many do desire (bat Rose-Csslle (y* oaeXj Seal of y' Bishops 
orC»iM»le}nuy againe be made such a convenient House, as may invite y* Bishop* 
lo reside there, & lo beep such Hospitality as hnlh been oscd there [onnerly.' The 
' t U addrewd to • Sir William Wilde Knight & Bxronet Justice of his 
llajettleiCoiirtofConion Pleas,' II seems thai Ihe Commissioners (seen, l, p. t88) 
i not agreed In their Report. In the result (/'. P. 1346) ihc orchlntlwp wu 
d to pay >^iy> for rebuilding ihc chapel. 
!. Lamplngb. see n. 3, p. 131. 

* Hiil was ju>l before he 'sailed for the buoy at the Nore with the Mp% thai 
were ready, tonrty, and twelye firethipa' (Macpherson's OngiHal Papen, i. 59), 
More be joined the French fleet at St. Helen's a few days before the battle of 
Sootfawold Bay or Solebay. 

♦ John TillolsoD (1630-945, educated at Heath Grammar School, Halifax, and 
Clwc Hall, Cambtidpe, where be was feltnw 1651 (nominaicd by mandamus from 
lheco*tmment,Bnd deprived 16G1), M.A. 1654. a friend of W ilk Ins and so elected 
fellow of the Royal Society 1671, ordained without subscription 1660 or 1661, ' one 
of the nonconforming party to whom it was intended lo offer prefetmcnl in the 

ir of KcdingloQ, Suftolk, tfifij, pieacher at Lincoln's Inn 16G3. D,D. 




^ 



''tga 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



severall points of Popery, Infallibiliiy, Purgatory, Transubstantiation, 
to. His Sermon was well approved of by all, as very seasonable ; y" 
King was pleased to say 'twas a good Sermon. The next morning 
some application was made to his Ma'i' for his comand to have it 
printed, but he thought it not convenient in this Juncture, because it 
would occasion heats & disputes &c. About a fortnight since Air Tho: 
Lamplugh' y" Lawyer was married to Hum: Robinson's* onely daughter, 
y' portion (they say) 30001. The wedding-dinner was kept at y" 
Mitre in Fanshaw-streel ', where (he sayes) they fed, and danced, and 
were so merry, that some of them forgot to go to bed. Thus y« old 
man's money, W^ was got so over- thriftily, is spent jovially. Tis 
reported there, he sayes, (but he would not have it said here) y' this 
great portion will wholly go to pay debts. Amongst y« grand Favorites 
lately Honoured, y" D. of B,' (he sayes) not being capable of any higher 
Title, has a Patent (they say) granted him for inclosing so much 
Common in Yorkshire as coniaines 40 miles in compasse : and y" K. 
is made to believe y' y« people there so love him, that they will inclose 
it for him gratis. This, he sayes, is Discourse : I suppose he raeanes, 
lis a jeer; for I cannot think there's anything more in it. 

This is all I have for you at present, and much of it such as I shall 
desire you to keep to yourselfe, or to conceale (at least) from w" you 
have it. I am glad to beare yo'' children ' recover so well one after 
another. We are all well here, praised be God, The bearer is ia 
bast, and I am ever 

Yours 

My service, I pray, to yo'' good Lady, 
For his much hon"^ friend Daniel 
Fleming Esquire these at 

Rydale. 

1666, chaplain to Charlei II, prebendary of Canterbnrj 1670, dean 1671, prebendatf 
ofSC PidI's 1675, clerk of tbe closet to William III and dean of St. Paul's 1679, 
arcbblshop of Canterbury 1691. He mairicd 1664 EUiabelb, only child of Peter 
Freocb, D.D., and Robhia, Oliver Cromwell's sliler, who afterwards Duuriei] John 
Willdni(5ee n. 3, p. 101), 'He was perhaps the only primate who took first tank 
ia his day ai a preacher.' His life is in D. N. B. 

• Seen. 1. p. 43. ' Seen. 1, p. 100. 
' The Index to the 1754 edition of Stow's Loodon has no Fanihaw StreeL It ii 

probably a slip for Feachurch Street in which the lame list mentloos a Mitre COOrL 

* Le. Duke of Bnckingham, for whom see n. 3, p. 13J. 
' It appears from a letter addressed by D. F. to Mrs. Bridget Dalslon {for whom 

see n. g, p. 4) IhnI the measles was the complaint from which his children had 
iuffered, and wbicli they were ' all (God be praised) well past ' on 9 May, 1671, 




THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 193 



CVL 
Sir Joseph Williamson to Danisl Flehing (i399). 

Whitehall a8. Jan. 167I. 

Dears S' 

Yo° are so well acquainted w^ my habituall remissenesse in 
matters of Ceremonye That y^ will not wonder I have let yo^ last 
oblidging Lett' lye by me so long unansw^, I am extreme sensible of 
yo^ kindnesse & esteeme towards me & my late poore Brother ^, and 
I am in some degree of impatience till I can find some occasion of 
showing y^ y« sence I have of it I haue now y« greatest part of my 
concemes in that my native Country taken out of it w*** him \ But 
those that remaine I must still recomend to y^ & my other friends, 
and especially myselfe to yo' good opinion in particular whom I haue 
eu' considered in y^ first ranke of worthy ft good men, ft as such 
I prize extremely yo' friendshipp. Continue it to me therefore I conjure 
jv, ft be assured I am euer w^h a most particular value 

Sr 
Mr Fleming. Yo^ most humble & faithfull 

For Daniel Fleming Esq'* Serv* 

at Rydall Joseph Wiluamson 

Williamson 

franck M. Hickes '. 



CVII. 
Sir Joseph Williamson to Daniel Fleming (1402). 

y 22. Feb. 167I 
Deare S' 

Y^ may easily judge how joyed I am to meet w*h any occasion 

of seruing y^. The enclosed I doubt not will introduce y^ with no 

' George Williamson, for whom see n. 6, p. 143, and n. a, p. 167. He had 
recently died. The last letter from him to his brother in 5. P, D, is dated from 
Bridekirk, 4 May, 167a. 

'His want of success as a candidate for Appleby may have diminished his 
interest in the north. He was now sitting as M.P. for Thetford. See also n. 1, 
p. 180. 

' See n. 3, p. 185. 

O 



194 ^^^ FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

disadvantage to M' Justice Ellis ^^ and if he should not be there, euen 
to M' Justice Wild ', if bee showne to him. 

I wish y^ a good issue in all yo' concemes, and remaine eu' w*^ 
a very particular esteeme, 

M' Justice Ellis being Yo' most humble Serv* 

detained here by the goutt Joseph Wiluaicson 

I haue framed y« lett' for 
Mr Justice Wild. 

M' Fleming. 

CVIII. 
Sir Joseph Wiluamson to Mr. Justick Wild* (1403). . 

My Lord, Whitehall a a. Feb. 167I. 

The Gendeman that deliuers yo^ Lpp this, Mr Flemmg is 
a person that deserues particularly well in his Ma^i^ Seruice, as 
a Dep*y Lieut* & Justice of Peace in his Country, w^h is Westmor- 
land. He is like to haue a Cause ' come before yo^ Lpp at y® Assizes 
at Yorke, and I take leave by this to make him knowne to yo^ Lpp, 
beseeching yo^ fau' to him in a speedy & faire tryall of it. He is 
particularly my friend, and I owe him w^eu' interest yo^ kindnesse has 
pleased to allow me in yo^ Lpp« fauo^. To which I againe recomend 
him, and remaine, wishing y« a good health, in yo^ Northern Journey, 
vf^ much esteeme. 

My Lord 

Yo^ Lpp* 

most humble Seru* 

Joseph Williamson. 
Mr Justice Wild. 

^ Sir William Ellis (1609-80), called to the Bar at Gra3r's Inn 1634, bencher 
1659, reader 1664, M.P. for Boston 1640, solicitor-general 1654, M.P. again for 
Boston 1654, ^or Grantham 1656, 1658-9, 1660, created a baronet by Cromwell 
jost before his death, made king*8 seijeant and knighted 1671, made a judge of the 
Common Pleas 1673, removed 1676, M.P. for Boston 1679, reinstated as jndge the 
same year. His life is in />. N, B,, which wrongly identifies him with a namesake 
at Cains College, Cambridge. 

' Sir William Wilde was called to the bar at the Inner Temple 1637, bencher 
1653, recorder of London 1659, ^-P* ^^ city of London, knighted, and made 
a baronet 1660, serjeant-at-law 1661, jndge of the Conmion Pleas 1668, of the 
King's Bench 1673-3, dismissed for reproving Bedloe for perjury, and died 1679. 
He published Sir Henry Yelverton*s Reports of Cases in the Court of Kings Bench, 
His life is in 27. ^. ^. 

• The Cause ii described in a letter from D. F. to Williamson of which R, P. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 195 



CIX. 
Daniel Fleming to Sir Joseph Williamson (5753)*. 

Rydall, June 29. 73. 

Dear S^ 

The now you have (I know) no time to entertaine trifles, yet 
I hope you'l give me leave to remember you at this distance, to 
(XHigratulate his Majesties great favour towards you', ft to pray 
heartily for your health ft good success, in this your grand imploy. 
I shall earnestly wish that you may conclude an honourable ft 
advantagious Peace for his Majesty and all his Subjects, that our good 
king^s kindeness may ever answer your faythfuUness ft activity in his 
service, ft that you may soon retume in honour ft safety unto your 
native countrey. To this I shall onely presume to add, that I am 
with all my heart 

Noble Sr 
For bis ExceUency S^. Your most obedient ft humble 

Joseph Williamson K*, one Servant 

of his Majesties Plenipotenti- Dan: Fleming 

aries, hast these at 

Colen \ 

5738 is a draft < Being in a fair way/ he writes, * to be wronged of a considerable 
sum of money by Mr. Joseph Hndlestone of Newcastle my kinsman and intending 
to have a Triall with him at y* next Assises to be holden for y* City of York, where 
I shall be altogether a stranger ; I very much desire your Letter to y* Jndge that 
shall there sit npon Trialls, to grant me a fair and expeditions Hearing, being one 
of your acquaintance and honourers, ft to assist me only so farr, as Law 8c Equity 
shall be on my side.' 

^ This is another of the series of drafts of letters to Williamson in D. F.*s hand- 
writing. 

* Williamson had been appointed plenipotentiary from England with the Earl of 
Sunderland and Sir Leoline Jenkins to a congress at Cologne, called through the 
mediation of Sweden to consider the terms of peace between France and England 
on the one side and Holland on the other. Sunderland was at the time in Paris, 
where he had been ambassador, and never went to Cologne. Jenkins and 
Williamson left England 17 May, and arrived at Cologne 3 June. They left 
Cologne, a separate peace between England and Holland having been suddenly 
made in England, 15 April, 1674. See Wyman's Life of Sir Leclitu Jenkins ^ which 
contains A Compleat Series of Letters ftom the two acting plenipotentiaries, 
and Christie's Letters to Sir Joseph Wiliiamson, vol. i. pp. xiii, xiv (Camden 
Society), 

* Koln, or Cologne as it is more often written in English, the Colonia 
Agrippinensis of the Romans, now the capital of Rhenish Prussia. 

o a 



196 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

ex. 

Daniel Flsming to Sir Joseph Williamson (152 i a) ^ 

Dear S^, 
Beeing overjoyed with y« good newes of your safe arrivall at 
Whitehall, I hope you'l be pleased to give me leave amongst your 
many friends & servants heartily to congratulate your happy retume. 
May y® Kings favour be dayly more ft more towards you, ft may you 
long enjoy health, & be ever happy in serveing of his Majesty. Tho 
wee here in y« County are like to have such a want of come ' (if it be 
not permitted to come from Scotland, Ireland, ftc.) as I fear many of 
our poor people will be in danger of being famished ; yet I hope none 
of us will ever have a want of love ft obedience to his Majesty & unto 
all his Ministers, especially unto yourselfe who hath still been so kind 
unto us all, ft perticularly unto 

RydaUMay ^\ 

18, 1674. Your most obliged & 

most obedient Servant 
For Sr Jos. Williamson D. F. 

These. 

CXI. 
Sir Joseph Williamson to Daniel Fleming (1526). 

Windsor y* a6 May, 
Deare S' 1674 

I have a thousand obligations to thanke you for, y^ freshest 
of y®"' concernem* for my retume & yo' great ciuility in con- 
gratulating it must be y© subjc* of this, I acknowledge them w*^ 
a perfect sence, ft beseech you to believe, that there are few things in 
this world that touch me nearer than y« good will of such good 
men as y^ are. I beseech y^ continue me eu' in yo^ friendshipp & 
forgiue me if I have been wanting to repeat to you as often as 
I ought y« great esteeme I have of y' personall worth & to assure y** 
of my being w*h a more particular resp* 

Deare S' 

Yo' most humble & most faithfull 
Sem* 

Joseph Williamson 
Mr Fleming. 

^ A draft in D. F.*8 handwriting. 
* See Additional Notes. 



James Belungham' to D/mkl Flbminc (1527). 

Leanem' y 30* m«y 
!' 74: 

Yo' last letter to me come of a Satiurday ; w^h gaue me notis of 
y Bishop of Oxfords' Translafon 10 Durham ; And it was thought y' 
Dr Barlow' was To bee Bishop of Oxen : My Jurney y^ Munday after 

* Jaraei Bellingham, ion of Alan and of Susan daughter of Mannadnke Constable 
of Wuuad in Holdemess in the county of York, succeeded his father in 1671. 
He married (i) Barbota, daughter of Sir Chrittopher Dalstan of Acombank, and 
(ij Elizabeth, daugbter of Sir Fianeis Leke of Newark upon Trent. By his first 
wife he had a daughter and by the second three daughters and four sons, of whom 
llie eldest Alan is menlioncd in this letter, and the aecnnd Henry was the ancestor 
of the present buooel of Castle Bellingham in Ireland. James Bellinghaqi 
died in lexo. 

' For Levens, or Over Leveiii Hall, one of the roost beautiful places in 
WMtlniirland, see M. W. Taylor's Old Maneria! Halls of iVeilmarland and 
Cvnierland, p. 191). The domestic features of the reign of Eliiabcth are preserved ; 
the gardens in the ' topiary ' style arc more ceceuc than ihe Bellingham occu- 
pttUMl. Mrs. Ilomphry Ward was living at l.eveiu when she wrote Hetbiik 
^ BanmsdaU. 

' Natiianiel Crewe, rector of Lincoln College 1668-71, and bishop of Oxford 
1671-4. Seen..), p. i89. Henry Com pton succeeded him as bishop of Oiford. 
Compton entered Queen's College as Upjicr or Fellow Commoner in Easier Term. 
l6j4, and matriculated \i Dec. of the some year. He was s comet in the royal 
RfimeDt. He became M.A. of Cambridge in 1661, and was incorporated again 
at Oxford 7 April, 1666. He was canon of Christ Church, U.D. and D.D. 1669. 
H« was consecrated bishop of Oxfoid 6 Dec. 1674, and translated to London neit 
jeu. He was deprived by James II and restored by William III, acteij as 
archbishop of Canterbury when Sancroft refused the oaths, and died 7 July, 1713. 
His potlitut by Kiley is at Queen's College in the Provost's lodgings. 

' Thomas Barlow entered Queen's College as batlcrin the Lent Term of 16)4-5, 
■ad matriculated 1 July of the same year as son of Richard of Orton, Westmor- 
land, pleb., aged 16. He proceeded B.A. 34 Jnly, :6.io, M.A. %1 Jone, 1633, 
BJ). 3 Jnly, 1657, D.D. a Aug, t6Ao. He was elected ' in mnnos servicntis aj] 
mewam ' 1 7 June, i6jG, the same day as Gerard Langbaine, his predecessor in the 
provostibip and llbrarianship of Ihe Bodleian. He was elected pauper puer 10 
JoDC, 1630, again on the same day as Langbaine, and socius siue scbolaris 30 
October, 1633, again with Langbaine, On Langbaine's death, 10 Feb. 1637, he 
wuelected provost on the ijth of the same month, having been brought back from 
London for bis election. He was Bodley's librarian from 1651-60, Margaret 
pofetsoT of diviuily and prebendary of Worcester 1660-76, archdeacon of 
Oxford 1664-75, bishop of Lincoln 1673 till bis death 8 Oct. i6gi. He ii 
•aid to have drawn up the Thanksgiving for foonders and t>enefactors used in 
chapel, and to have never been at Lincoln, and the nickname of bishop of 
BlCdCB wa* given bim from the palace of the bishops of Lincoln near Huntingdon. 



198 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

Hindered me from returneing you thankes. fo^ w<^ I now hartily 
Thanke you fo^ yo^ kyend remembrance ; But being you were not 
posatiue in yo' informa68&, I continued my Resoluc8l6 ; And by this 
com to you my Sonne Alan ^ I hope is at one yea" resting place in 
Oxford ; Upon y« retume of his fellow Traveller ' i shall let you know 
more: The very next day After my retume home. I receued this 
inclosed w<^ doth not so much truble as amuse me at such expres- 
sions, vpon so foule, & vnneighburly Actinges; this Gunne he 
demands did I Take from one of y« Deare killers* After y* he 
himselfe had bund him ouer to Answer y^ Suit ; And now you may 
se he is not ashamed to lay Clame to y^ Gunne ; if this bee not 
Insult I know not what is ; The fellow I took it from hath no sertain 
place of aboed, Therefo' not fit to goe Armed. The peas^ I am 
resolued to keep Till a Greater pow^ than his ; comand me otherwise ; 
So much fo' y*; I pra returne me y« letter againe at yo^ lasure : You 
baue not yet satisfied me how farther to proceed against The Deare- 
killen, who yet stande bound fo' there appearance at Sessions ; you 
se how boldly I serve myselfe w**^ you, but this is still out of my Confi- 
dence of yo' Affection to him y* euer remaines S^ yo' unfeined 
friend 

Ja: Belungham 
ffor Daniell ffleming 
Esqw at Ridell 
p'^senL 

His portrait which was bequeathed by Bishop Cartwright is in the Upper 
Common Room. 

^ Allan or Alan Bdlingham entered Queen's College as an Upper Commoner 
27 May, 1674, and matriculated 4 June the saiiie* year, aged 18. He was 
baptized at Heversham la Feb. 1655-6. He succeeded his father at Levens and 
was M.P. for Westmorland in three parliaments between 1678 and 1687. He 
went into exile with James II, 'an ingenious but unhappy young man.' He 
consumed a vast estate and sold Levens to Col. James Grahme, younger brother 
of Viscount Preston, and keeper of the privy purse to James II. 

* Probably either the carrier, most likely one of the Bumyeats, or a trusty 
servant like John Banckes. 

' R,P, 1533 is a letter to D. F. from James Bellingham dated Leauens, ye 
15 June 74, in which he thanks him for his 'oppinion touching Deer-killers.' 
D. F. had advised him to proceed under the Act 13 Richard II. cap. 13, and under 
33 Henry VIII. cap. 67 against him that had the gun, and had given other advice 
as to how to proceed against one ' for haueing a Grayhound.* 

* ie. piece, -gun. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 199 

CXIII. 
Sir Joseph Wiluaxson to Daniel Fleming (1568) ^ 

Whitehall y* 15. Dec. 1674. 

Dears S^ 

I am infinitely ashamed of my long omission of this respect, 
to a person I owe so much to. I doe beseech y^, S'^ believe I doe 
not oomplem^ when I professe to owe y^ a very great & hearty one, 
aad that I shall embrace w^ much joy y® occasions of letting y^ see 
in some measure how great it is I beare y°, 

This being sayd thus plainly & heartily, I am by this to beg yo' 
pardon that I have not said something lik it more frequently. But 
now I am againe fixed in my Shopp, I hope I shall watch all y® parts 
of y« Businesse of my Trade w*^ greater punctuality. 

I kisse y<^ hands with all my heart, ft remaine ever most truly 

ft heartily, 

Deare S' 

Yor most humble ft faithfull Serv* 

J. WiLUAMSON. 

Mr Fleming. 

CXIV. 

Accounts of William Fleming at Kendal 1674* (1572). 

Disbursed by me Will. Fie: at Kendall 

s d 

Imp: for a knife 00 . 06 

Item for a stick of wax 00 . 03 

Item for couering of my stafs' lining my vest and for| g 

soeing buttons on my brothers coats . . . . J 

It: for mending of my brother Daniel * and my owen showes 00 . 07 

Item to the Scrivener * for our learning . . . . 08 . 00 

^ R.P, 1^21 K verso is a letter from D.F. to Williamson coogratulating him 
CD his ' late advancem*.' Williamson had returned from Cologne to his ' Shopp ' 
15 April, 1674, and on his return was appointed Secretary of State in succession to 
the Earl of Arlington, who was made Lord Chamberlain. 

' The handwriting of these accounts is more like Henry's than like William 
Fleming's. W^illiam was now 17, Henry 15, and Daniel 14. 

' See Additional Notes. 

* Daniel was the fifth child and third son of D. F. and was bom in 1660. He 
remained at home and died 1698 of the smaU pox. 

* The writing-master. He does not seem to have been a regular but rather 



200 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

Item to S' Thomas Brathwate * man . . . oo . 06 

Item for mendin of my brother Hen: ' showes . • 00 . 08 

Item for couering of my stafes 2 00 . 04 

Item to the baring out ' 01 . 06 

Item for plaster and needels 00 . 02 

Item for two loads of peats* 01 . 04 

Item to the Vsher * 02 . 00 

what was recently called a visiting master. In a letter from Roger Fleming to his 
lather asking for some more money from Sedbeigh, 2a July, 169a, he says he had 
* disbursed more already, then I expected to have done, this great many weeks 
espetially to ye scrivener (who is with as now).' 
^ See n. 4, p. a6. 

* Henry, second son and fourth child of D. F., of whom we shall hear much more 
further on, was bom 1659. ^® entered Queen's College as a batler a7 May, 1678, 
matriculated 4 July, as son of Daniel, of Rydal, Westmorland, gent., aged 17. 
He proceeded B.A. 18 Dec. i68a, M.A. a6 May, 16S5, B. and D.D. as grand 
compounder 8 July, 1696. He was rector of Grasmere 1685, and of Asby 1694 
until his death in 1738. He married 10 April, 1700, Mary, daughter of John 
Fletcher of Hunslet, esq., and had issue one daughter Penelope, married to John 
Keate, esq., lieutenant in the Scotch horse grenadier guards. 

' In the north country schools till past the middle of the eighteenth century it 
was the custom for the boys from time to time to bar out the master. Armed with 
elder popgims they barricaded the doors of the school from the inside, while the 
master by force pt stratagem tried to get in. If he succeeded, heavy tasks were 
imposed ; but if he was kept out for three dajrs, terms of capitulation were proposed 
by the master and accepted by the boys, and the hours of work and play for the 
year ensuing agreed upon. A treat of cakes and ale furnished by the scholars 
concluded the event, and to this was probably devoted the 01' 06^ which occurs 
here. The founder of Witton School in Cheshire prescribed that his ' schoUars 
should bar and keep fhrth the school the schoolmaster in such sort as other 
schollars do in great schools ' ; and at St. Bees barring out was not to begin before 
Martinmass, nor last more than ' a Day and a Night, and the next day till one 
a clock in ye Afternoon.' At Bromfield it was practised at Fastings Even, about 
the beginning of Lent See Hutchinson's Cumderiand, ii. 32 a, n. ; W. Jackson's 
Cumberland and Westmorland Papers^ L 6, ii. ao7. 

« < The cheerful blazing fire, composed until the days of coal of peat ^and 
** elding " (Saxon for old and dead things, retained as a provincial name for firing 
stuff), was lighted on a hearth slightly raised from the ground ; and above, the 
'' raimel-balk " crossed the chimney, from which beam hung the " ratten-crook " 
for the purpose of suspending the kettles over the fire. In fit>nt was the iron 
tripod, ^'brandiron" or '' brandreth," with its girdle, a circular iron plate 
for baking the famous oat cakes, dap bread, or riddle bread upon.' (J. F. Curwen's 
Kirkbie- Kendall f p. 9.) 

* Usher, from Ostiarius, properly a door-keeper, one who lets in or introduces, 
so used of attendants on royalty who perform this function, and applied, it is said, 
to second masters or assistant-masters in grammar schools as those who introduce 
their pupils to polite letters by teaching them the elements. The better endowed 
schools made provision for paying the usher from the endowment, but at Kendal 
probably he was largely dependent upon the fees of pupils, thoogh Nicholson 



] 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 201 

Item for mending of my brother Daiels ^ showes . . 00 . 04 
Item for mending of my cloaths and stafs . . . 00 . 08 

Item to my Lanladies made ' 01 . 00 

s d 

Paid* In all 18-6 

Booked 

Jan. 8. 74 

CXV. 
Sir Joseph Wiluauson to Daniel Fleming (1581). 

Dears S* Whitehall y« 30. Jan. i67|. 

I have y« hono* of yo» of y« 8 instant *, and humbly thanke y^ for 
it. I beseech y» belieue I haue that esteeme & valew for yo* person 
& worth, and particularly of yo' honest loyalty & affection to y® King 
& bis seruice, that there are few men in England ought to pretend to 
recomend y^ or any conceme of yo" to me. Yo« will eu' find interest 
of yo^ own in me to comand me most heartily & readily euen for 
others, much more shall y'* doe it for yo^selfe. The only thing I have 
to wish is some occasion such as would be to yo^^ likeing, by w^^"^ 
I might in some measure make it good. That's what I haue long 
wished for, and I beg y° will thinke w^ it would be ; and in y^ meane 
time be confident no man is wth a more true & hearty esteem than 

I am 

Deare S*", 

Yo^ most humble & faithfuU 

Seru* 

J. WiLUAMSON. 

Mr Fleming. 

{Annals of Kendal y 193) speaks of ' asher lands' as belonging to the school, and 
the corporation gave 8/. a year to the usher's salary. 
' See n. 4, p. 199. 

* For Landlady's maid, housemaid. 

' These words are in D. F.'s handwriting. 

* R.P, 5757 is a draft of the letter in question. In it D. F. rehearses his 
senrices to the State as * Sherif, Commissioner in all Assessm^, Deputy Lieutenant, 
& Justice of y* Peace, in y« Countyes of Lancaster, Cumberland 8c Westmorland, 
and as a Lieutenant, Captaine, Major, 8c now Lieutenant Collonel in y* Train- 
bands of two of those Countyes.' He says he does not want to be made a Knight, 
' since I am contented with ten of my Ancestors having been favoured with that 
Honour, & since this Countrey hath no want thereof,' nor a Baronet, ' few enjojreing 
it but by purchase (which makes it to mee y* less desireable)/ But God haveing 
blessed him 'with 13 hopefuU children all liveing,' he would like some lucrative 
employment, in which he would ' truely serve y* King and yon according to his 



ao2 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



CXVI. 
Sir Joseph Williamson to Daniel Fleming (i6i2)» 

DeaRE S>f Whitehall j* a. Apr. 1675. 

You see how ungratefull a Sort of people Courtiers are. I have 

quite devoured yo' Present before I come to acknowledge y« having 

receiued. But if comending ft admireing yo^ Pye * were to deserve it, 

I have right to another y« next yeare. Indeed neV better came to y« 

Table, & it is concluded by those that haue experience in that sort of 

Regalle, that this way of Tinne Crusts does infinitely better. S^, 

I beseech y^ accept my humble thankes how late soev' it comes, for 

y« favo' of this & all yo' other kindnesse and believe there is nobody 

values ft desires it more heartily than I doe, nor can be w^ a more 

perfect esteeme, then I am, 

Deare S^, 

Yo' most humble ft faithfull 

Servt 

J. Williamson 
Mr Fleming. 

CXVII. 
Sir Joseph Williamson to Daniel Fleming (1621)". 

Deare S' Whitehall y« 13. Apr. 1675. 

Judge of my husbandry by y« time I take to make up my 
reckonings. The date of this will shew y« how busy a day I write in, 
& yet at y^ same time I must confesse it had been shame to have left 
a debt of so many weekes standing longer upon me. I beg wth all 
my heart yo^ pardon for my very great omission in coming so late to 
thank y» for y« hon' of yo^ noble Present, the best Pye, I dare say, 
euer came out of y® Country. I beg againe ft againe yo^ pardon for 
my ingratitude, ft y« rath' because I deale plainly w**» y*. I hope this 
is not to be y® last, I am to be oblidged to you for. For this & for 
a thousand other kindnesses I again pay y^ my humble acknow- 
ledgm*« beseeching y^ to belieue that no man in y« world bono" 

utmost abillity, 8c shall be (from time to time) accomptable for what part of y* 
profiti thereof 8c to whom yon shall be pleased to appoint* 

* See Appendix B. 

' Williamson seems to have forgotten that he had written the previons letter, as 
this has reference to the same matter. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 203 

A esteems y« more than I doe, nor can be w^ a more particular 
respect than I am 

S' 

Yo^ most humble & faithfiill Servt 
Mr Fleming. j. Williamson. 

CXVIII. 

Sir Joseph Wiluamson to Danul Fleming (1644). 
Dears S^ Whitehall 3. Aug. 1675. 

Y« are so used to forgiue me, that as I ought not longer to 
pvisume on yo^ easinesse to doe it, so y« cannot well wonder if I doe 
&11 into my old erro", that I shall appeale to yo' kindnesse to excuse 
it. I am infinitely sorry for y« great losse yo^ Family has suffered ^ 
and if I had not ye hono^ to be somewhat neare in yo' Friendshipp, 
y* part I find all y« Coimtry takes in it, would entide me to a share too. 
I doe assure y^, Sir, I take a very sensible one in all that touches y", 
A I wish w*^ all my heart I had some good occasion to show yo I doe 
so. In y® meane time, please to accept this apology for w^ eu' I have 
been wanting in to those obligations I have to y^, as 

Deare S', 

Yo' most faithfiill & humble Serv^ 
Mr Fleming. J. Williamson. 

CXIX. 

Daniel Fleming to Sir Joseph Williamson (i68i)'. 

S' Rydal, Nov. 34. 75. 

I hope you'l forgive mee, that I have not ere this returned you 
my humble & hearty thankes for your last very kind Letter; which 

* Mrs. Fleming, for whom see n. i, p. 4, had died 13 April, 1675. The first 
indication of her illness in the Rydal papers is a letter {R, P, 1616) of 5 April 
from Lndy Fletcher, expressing anxiety and sending a bracelet to be nsed apparently 
as an amulet. B, P, 1618 is another anxious letter from the same, dated 7 Apr. 
R, P, 1 619 is from Dean Smith from Cockermouth, regretting on the nth April 
that he cannot be with D. F., but he is just come from Carlisle and has been 
sununoned urgently to Durham, whither he is starting at once. R, P. 1636 is from 
Smith from Cockermouth on the nth June, speaking of 'her that is gone 'and 
referring to an epitaph D. F. seems to have writ'ten, and was sending to London to 
be engraved. He affixed a brass to the eastern wall of Grasmere church with the 
inscription which is printed in Bums 8c Nicolson, i. 171, and which seems to imply 
that the cause of death arose in connexion with the birth of her fifteenth child, as 
is hinted also in Lady Fletcher's first letter. 

• This is a draft in D. F.'s handwriting, endorsed, The Copy of a Letter to 
S' Jos. W. Nov. 34. 75. 



204 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

I should have done, had I not considered that your great imployment 
would not give you leave to look upon such Trifles. A good while 
ago I made bold to give you an intimation of a difference unhappily 
begun amongst some of y« Justices of y^ Peace in this County, about 
removeing y^ Quarter-Sessions from KendalF; which dispute, it seemes, 
is yet continued. Divers Justices here in y« Barony* & I are desireous 

^ R, P, 1574 is a letter addressed by Sir Philip Musgrave, Mr. John Daltton, 
Mr. Richard Brathwait, Mr. Thomas Fletcher, and Sir Edward Musgrave to Sir 
John Otway, Mr. James Bellingham, Mr. Daniel Fleming *and the rest of his 
^i^tiat Justices of Peace within y* Barony of Kendall,' asking that the General 
Sessions for the whole county shoold be held alternately at Appleby and Kendal 
and not at both places. This they say would be ' more agreable to the Law, to 
the practice of other Conntys and to the former usage of* Westmorland, as it does 
not appear that ' any pnbliqne sessions was held at Kendall nntill the fifth year of 
King James.' The letter is dated from Appleby, 11 Jan. 1674-5. A copy of an 
acknowledgment of the receipt of this letter postponing the reply to the considera^ 
tion of a general meeting is in ^. Z'. 1575, dated from Kendal, 16 Jan. 1674, and 
signed by Mr. James Bellingham, Mr. Daniel Fleming, Mr. Edward Wilson, 
Mr. Henry Wilson, and Mr. Christopher Philipson. R, P, 1594 is the copy of 
a letter from George Fothezgill of Ravenstonedale, to Richard Rowlandson of 
Kendal, desiring him to bring <all Sessions Books and Rooles of Sessions and 
proceedings that are before yon or ought to come before you at next Sessions,' as 
Sir Philip Musgrave as Gustos Rotulorum commands, it having been resolved to 
hold the Easter Sessions at Appleby and the Michaelmas Sessions at Kendal for 
the future. On his hesitation a writ was issued by D. F. in opposition thereto, and 
this was followed by a writ from the other side. The Sheriff, when consulted, 
ordered both writs to be obeyed {R. P, 1613, 161 7). Meanwhile the Kendal 
justices had sent an answer to R. P, 1574 {R, P, 1605), and a correspondence 
ensued {R, P, 1620, 1636). The next document {R» P. 1668) is a letter from 
D. F. to Sir John Otway, dated 13 Oct. 1675, describing how both bodies of 
Justices had held sessions. The people in London now took up the matter. 
Sir John Lowther {R. /'. 1688) writes from London a8 Dec. 1675 offering his 
help to the Justices of the Barony, and the same day Col. Richard Kirkby {R, P. 
1691), apparently at Williamson's instigation, writes to hope that D. F. 'would do 
his endeavour to prevent all feuds and animosities 8c to compose all differences 
within the county especially amongst ye gentry.' To this {R, P, 1698) D. F. 
replies that there are no differences in the county except about the holding of the 
Sessions. Meanwhile Ann, Countess Dowager of Pembroke, &c., ' Sherifesse ' of 
Westmorland, issued an order {R, P, 1695) for holding the sessions at Appleby 
3 Apr. 1676. Sir John Lowther now suggests a compromise {R, P, 1705), which 
D. F. {R, P, 1 711) is not inclined to agree to, and the discussion goes on {R» P. 
1733). Things get more acute, and 8 July, 1676, Richard Duckett writes {R, P» 
1751) to D. F. that Secretary Williamson has told him that the matter is referred 
by the King to the Lord Cliief Justice, and he believes that this is so. R, P, 1757 
is * The Breviat for Counsel & the Grand Jury*s petition at Appleby Assizes 15 Aug. 
1676.' 

* The Barony of Kendal and the Bottom of Westmorland are the two great 
divisions of the county, between which the boundary is roughly a line drawn from 
Iiowgill Station on the L. Ac N.W. Railway to Patterdale at the ioath-westem end 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 205 

that j« Quarter-Sessions be kept both at Appleby ft at Kendal (to y^ 
^reat satisfaction of y« Countrey) as they have been constantly holden, 
according to y^ confession of those Gentlemen who are for y« alteration, 
near 70 yeares last past; but wee believe a much longer time. It 
will be easy to demonstrate, that an alteration in this affair (tho' there 
be no more therein then is yet pretended) will be much to y« prejudice 
(^ his Majesty, & not a Little to y® Trouble, charge, & Dissatisfaction 
of y« County of Westmorland ; especially of y® Barony of Kendall, 
who are most of them y« Kings Tenants. I hope it will be no offence 
for us to desire to serve our Soveraign & our Countrey, as well as wee 
can, in 3^ same good old way our Predicessors have done formerly, 
and at as little charge & trouble as may be: Since wee affect not 
a change, being unable to foresee all y^ inconveniencies that may 
attend it ; and since wee do chearfuUy serve our King and Countrey 
out of our owne estates, haveing no beneficiall offices to assist us 
therein. For ye obviating of any partiall Information that shall 
happen to be made unto you of this business, I have given S^ Gea 
Fletcher * y« trouble of y« copyes of all such Letters as have passed 
amongst us, which will truely acquaint you with (if you shaU judge it 
worth y« while to know) the reasons of this difference, & who will 
(upon your intimation) comunicate them unto you; as also will 
S^^ Jo. Otway *, who hath acted with us. I shall never doubt of your 
Justice in this affair ; You performing it unto all, many persons being 
concerned herein, & you having been alwayes so very kind unto 

S'. 

Your most obliged 
For S' Jos, W. & obedient Servant 

D. F. 

CXX. 
Daniel Fleming to Sir Joseph Williamson (1704)'. 

Dear S^, Rydal. Febr. 10. f*. 

The Kings affaires throughout his Dominions, & especially here 
in y« North, being under your care ; I make bold to give you some 

of Ulleswater. At this time the barony was in the diocese of Chester, the bottom 
only being in the diocese of Carlisle, and from the lie of the country and the 
direction the main roads followed there was easier commnnication between the 
barony and some parts of Lancashire and Cmnberland than between the two 
divisions of Westmorland. 

* Sec n. 1, p. 5. "See n. i, p. 155. 

* This is a draft in D. F.*s handwriting, endorsed A Letter to S' Jos. Williamson 



2o6 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

account thereof in this Countrey. Diverse of our Justices of y« Peace 
are dead, & some others are seldome amongst us ; so that, I think, it 
would be for y« service of his Majesty & of y« Countrey to have some 
added. Those who are dead, are S>^ George Middleton *, Mr Ducket * 
of Grayrigg, ft Mr. Brathwait " of Bumeshead, whose heires are not 
capable of succeeding, being Papists ; Mr Brathwait ^ of Ambleside, & 
Mr Fisher " are also dead : but Mr Robert Brathwait • y« Brother of y« 

• 

Feb. la 75. The object of this move on D. F.'s part is obviously to strengthen 
the Justices acting for the Barony in their contest with those acting for the Bottom 
of Westmorland. 

' George Middleton of Leighton, co. Lancaster, descended from a Midleton 
of Midleton m Westmorland, and connected with the Stricklands through marriages 
in earlier generations, was son and heir of Thomas,by Katharine, daughter of Thomas 
Hoghton of Hoghton Tower, a colonel in the army of Charles I. He was created 
a baronet 24 June, 164a, fined as a delinquent 1648, sheriff of Lancashire 1660-3, 
married (i) Frances, daughter and heiress of Richard Rigg of Little Strickland; 
(3) Anne, daughter of George Preston of Holker Hall. He died, leaving no male 
issue, 37 Feb. 1673, aged 73, when the baronetcy became extinct. 

' James Ducket, soi^ of Anthony and Elizabeth, daughter of William Leybume 
of Cunswick, was thrice married, (1) to Magdalen, daughter of Sir Henry Curwen 
of Workington, by whom he had Anthony, who married Elizabeth, daughter of 
John Dalston of Acomebank, and who sold the manor to Sir John Lowther; 
(3) to Mary, daughter of William Sanders of Sutton Court in the county of 
Middlesex, by whom he had among other children Richard, from whom there are 
several letters in the Rydal Papers; (3) to Elizabeth, daughter of Christopher 
Walker of Workington. He was one of the intended ' Knights of the Royal Oak * 
(see Appendix F), and his estate was given at the time as j^oo p' ann. He 
appears to have died about Sept'. 1667. His son Anthony was the last of his 
branch of the family and sold Grayrigg to S** John Lowther of Lowther about 1690 
(Sir G. F. Dncket, Duchetiana, pp. 36* sq.). 

' This would be Richard, the father of the ' younge cosen * of p. 36, where see 
n. 4. He was son of Thomas, and Dorothy daughter of Robt Byndlose, and 
married (i ) Frances, daughter of James Lawson of Neesham in the bishopric of 
Durham, and (3) Mary, daughter of Roger Croft. 

* Thomas Brathwaite, son of Gawen and Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John 
Penruddock of Hale, married Margaret, daughter of Piers Leigh, of Lime. He 
had no child and conveyed part of his Ambleside property to his sister Dorothy, 
wife of Samuel Sands of Esthwaite (see n. 3, p. 16), and bequeathed part to his 
brother Robert, with liens on them by members of the Otway family. This 
arrangement produced litigation and gave occasion to the passing of the statute of 
frauds and perjuries (Nicolson & Bum, i. 191, 193). The Ambleside Brathwaites 
were a younger branch of the Bumeshead family. Thomas was a benefactor to 
St. John's College, Cambridge, and gave in 1674 over 300 coins to the University 
of Oxford, 6 of them bemg gold, and 66 silver. 

* Nicholas, see n. 3, p. 154. 

* Robert, fourth son of Gawen Brathwaite, by the death of his brothers James 
and John without male issue, became next of kin to his eldest brother Thomas. 
He married Bridget, daughter of Henry Fletcher of Moresby in Cumberland, 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

one (enjo)-iiig most of bis Estate & Uncle unto S' Jo. Oiway's Lady ') 
and Mr John Fisher' >■« son & heir of >« other (a very good scholler, 
ad Dr Halton' can inforrne you) may very well be made Justices ofy 
Peace in this County of Westmorland, as also may Mr Alan Pricket * 
(Recorder of Kendal, & of Queens Colledge In your time) & Mr Moor *, 
another Lawyer & now a Justice in Lancashire, tho' his Estate & 
Remdence is in this Countrey. S'' Tho. Strickland * acts nothing 

a Kcntt luynlitt, and father of tbe William Fletcher irho married Sir George 
Fldchei of Hutton's siilei Fronces, aad by her iind n dangtitcr. 

' John Bislhwftile, Ihe third ion of Gawen, manieil Eliialielh Hud^n and by 
her had r daughter and heir, married ni bia second wife to Sir John Olway of 
Isgmife-hall. Knight, for whom see n. i. p. 15s, to wliom »he bore n sou 
Bnthwalte Otvuy, esq., and three daoghter^. BrBtbwnlle died unmiTrie<t and was 
iQCCCeded by his tistet Catharine, who married Mi. VVilliam Upton, Ihe anci:sti>r of 
tbe presenl owner of Ingmire. 

• John Fiiiiet entered Qneen* College us a bnlllet ag May, 1663. He matricu- 
Iited 4 June as son of Nicbolai of Stonebank green, Westmorland, gent, aged 16. 
He proceeded II. A. 14 Oct. 1667. An nacle of bis, Heniy, was Fellow of the 
College. He was admitted to Gray's Inn 1 May, 1C70. A< D. F. describes him 
as the heir to his father, his eldest brother Edward must have died tiefore thii. 
Edwud entered Queen't College as a Commoner 19 May, 1660, matricolsting 
a Kag. 1661, aged 18. He is described as son and heir of Ins father at his 
•dnuwoa to Gray's Inn 10 June. 166.4, John probably entered Queen's College 
as 1 battler to make him eligible to the foundation, and was elected in pauperem 
[Nienim 15 Nov, r66(i. The death of his elder brother probably altered his plans. 
Hence bis admission at Gray's Inn at a later age than was usual. X. P. I t6o is 
a letter from him to D. F. 15 Oct. 1670, spealcing of 'y< inliaitc debt «<'> wee owe 
onto yoD,' and adding that bii tnotba is very aniioos he should settle himself In y* 
coimtTy. 

* Sec n. J, p. 40. Alan Pricltett of Nailand Halt succeeded Thomas Braiihwaite, 
Esq., of Ambleside (for whom see a. 4, p. 306), as lecoidcr of Kendal in 1673, 
aud held the office till l6^%. 

* Ki^er Moor or Moore was admitted to Gray's Inn 7 Nov. 1660, as son and 
heir of James, of Bmndsbaneke in Middleton, Westmoitand, gent. His father is 
described as a yeoman in the admission book of St. John's College, Cambridge, 
where he enleied as penaoner 6 Sept. 1658. aged 16. He does not seem to have 
talcen a degree. He was ' bred at Sedt)ergh ' nndcr James Hucbanan. He became 
a lerjcanl-at-law, was made recorder of Kendal in 169c. and died in 1(195. 
HiddleloD is • parish in the south-east of Westmorland, bordering on the parish 
oTScdbeigh in Yorkshire. 

• llomas Strickland, eldest son of Robert of Siiergh, Westmorland, arm., 
iBatrlcDlaled from .St. Albon Hall 17 April, r63S, aged 16 ; admitted to Gray's Inn 
>3 Deo. 1637, crenled knight banneret on the field of Edgehill 33 Oct. 1641, M.?. 
for Westmorland t66l, until expelled 6 March. 1676-7, ' 1>eing a Roman Catholic' 
He followed James II 10 St. Germains, ilied in France 8 Jan, 1694. and is buried 
ia the nniu' church at Rouen. There are two ponraiti of bim at Siiergh He 
muried twice, (i) Jane, danghter of John Moleley of Ulskelfe, co. York, and relict 
oCSk Chrixtophei Dawney of Cowick, and (1) Winifred, daughter of Sit Charles 



2o8 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

amongst us, & S^ Jo. Otway ^ & Mr Ro. Philipson * are but seldom with 
us ; w^ often retards y® dispatching of his Ma. affaires, & encreases 
our trouble, as well as y^ Countreys. V any objections shall happen 
to be made ag^^ what I here propose ; I think it will not be difficult to 
answer them, since these be rather of a Private then of a Publick 
conceme ; And if you shall think fit to order oiu- Commission to be 
renued ', & y® Dedimus ^ to be directed unto mee, I shall take care to 
answer y^ Fees of so many of them as I shall swear. I hope you*l be 
pleased to pardon this trouble here given you, refering all to your 
prudent disposall. I have adventured to send you another small 
Tribute of Charrs ", which I wish y« Kendal Carrier may hand safely 
unto you, about Thursday next'; & which I hope you'l be pleased to 
accept of, from 

Your most affectionate obliged 

j& obedient Servant 

Dan: Fleming. 
For the Right HonM«: S' Joseph 

Williamson K^ his Majestyes 

Principal Secretary of State ^ 

hast these, at his Lodgings 

in Whitehall 

London. 

Trentham of Rocester, co. Stafford. An interesting account of Sir Thomas 
Strickland is to be found in Bellasis' Strickland of Sizergh, Cumberland and 
Westmorland Antiquarian Society's Transactions, yol. x. pp. 75 sqq. 

* Seen. 1, p. 155. 

* Robert Philipson, eldest son of John Philipson of Calgarth in the township of 
Applethwaite in the parish of Windermere and of Melsonby in the county of York, 
was bom about 1641. He sold the Melsonby estate, the family having been 
greatly impoverished by sequestrations and heavy compositions. He married 
Barbara, daughter of William Penington of Seaton in Cumberland, esq., and had 
by her six sons and three daughters. He died beyond the seas. The four daughters 
of his eldest son John sold the estate of Calgarth. 

' One of the modes of appointing new justices is to issue a new commission of 
the peace, in which the names of those who from death or other causes have 
vacated office are omitted and the names of the newly appointed justices are 
inserted. This is for the previously appointed justices who do not vacate their 
office a renewal of their commission. 

* For Dedimus or Dedimus potestcUem, which is the full name of the writ, see 
n. 3, p. 117. 

* See Appendix R 

* In 1675-6 February 10 was a Thursday. D. F. expects the carrier to take 
a week in accomplishing his journey. 

' The Principal Secretaries of Sute have been by their office members of the 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 209 



CXXI. 
Henry Flemikg^ to Daniel Fleming (1739). 

Kendall, June 10. 1676. 

Dears Father. 

I have here sent yon the names of all the bookes that we have 
which you bid me doe. For my brother William ' tooke all the rest 
home which we had here. Soe no more but to desier you if you 
please to send me the History of Cleay Patria ' next Saturday, and my 
duty to your selfe, I allwayes remaine 

Your dudfull Son 
For Henry Fleming. 

Daniel Fleming Esq' 
at RydalL 

These 



CXXII. 
Daniel Fleming to Sir Joseph Wiluamson (1759). 

Rydall, Ang. 24. 76. 

Dear S' 

Wee are all much obliged unto my Lord Chief Justice North * & 

Priry Council ever since the reign of Qneen Elizabeth. There was only one nntil 
near the close of Henry VIII's reign, when they were increased to two. The other 
It this time was Henry Coventry. Williamson was succeeded by Robert Earl of 
Sunderland 20 Feb. 1678; and Coventry by Sir Leoline Jenkins 11 Feb. 1680. 
(Haydn*s Book of Dignities.) 

* See n. 3, p. 200. • 

* William, D. F.'s eldest son and heir, neither went to College nor to an Inn of 
Court. He seetns to have been delicate in his youth, and had before this been to 
Bath for his health (see p. 169), and was kept by D. F. at home much against his 
will, as many letters in the Rydal Papers testify. He succeeded Sir John Lowther 
as M.P. for Westmorland 1695, and was re-elected 1698, 1702, 1705, and 1707. 
He married Dorothy, daughter of Mr. Thomas Rowlandson of Kendal, and had 
three daughters, Dorothy, married to Edward Wilson of Dallam Tower ; Barbara, 
married to Edward Parker of Broosholm ; and Catharine, married to Sir Peter 
Leicester of Tabley, baronet He was created a baronet 4 Oct. 1705, with 
remainder to the issue male of his father, and died 29 Aug. 1736, when the 
baronetcy went to his fifth brother George, afterwards bishop of Carlisle. 

' Cleopatra, for which see n. i, p. 97. 

* Francis North (1637-85), educated at Bury St. Edmunds and St. John*s College, 

P 



2IO THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

Mr Baron Berte ' for the great pains they have taken in agreeing the 
Justices of this County*, and wee are noe less engaged unto you, who 
(as its said) did set them on work. Wee have yeilded unto an 
apparent inconveniency, that you may have the pleasure of adjusting 
our dififerencies ; and I hope not any will question our Loyalty to our 
Soveraigne or our Loue to our Country, in what we have done. I 
perceive there is a stopp put to the Intelligence which you have been 
pleased a long time weekly to favour me with ; but as to this I shall 
add no more having writ unto Mr Yard'. I am heartily glad to 
hear of the Dean of Rochesters ^ being nominated a Bishop which I 
doubt not was by your means ; & shall be ever joyfull of the advance- 
ment of such good men : If I shall not live to reap the fruite of it, Yet 

Cambridge, was third son of Dudley, fourth Lord North by Anne Montagu. He 
entered the Middle Temple 27 Not. 1655, was called to the bar aS Jane, 1661, 
appointed King's Coonsel 1668, judge of the isle of Ely 1670, solicitor-general 
ao May, 1671, when he was knighted, reader at the Middle Temple, M.P. for 
King's Lynn 1673, attorney-general la Nov. 1673, chief justice of common pleas 
1675, took a strong part against College, 'the protestant joiner,' August, 168 1, 
lord chancellor 168a, raised to the peerage as Baron Guildford a7 Sept. 1683, died 
at Wroxton 5 Sept. 1685. He married Lady Francis Pope, daughter and co-heiress 
of the Earl of Downe, who bore him fiye children. Francis his elder son succeeded 
him as second Baron Guildford and was father of Francis, first Earl of Guildford. 
His life is in Z>. N. B. 

^ Vere Bertie, fourth son of Montagu, second Earl of Lindsey, by Martha 
Cockayn, widow of John Ramsey, Earl of Holdemesse, entered the Middle Temple 
a9 Jan. 1654-5, called to the bar 10 June, 1659, bencher Jan. 1673-4, serjeant-at-law 
when he was made honorary M.A. of Oxford 1665, baron of the exchequer 4 June, 
1675, transferred to common pleas 15 June, 1678, discharged a9 April, 1679, 
probably because he declined to concur in the sentence on Nathaniel Reading at 
Westminster for stifling evidence against the lords in the tower. He died 33 Feb. 
1680-1. {D.N,B,, 8.V.) 

' R,P, 1758 is a set of Proposals formulated 15 Aug. 1676 by Fra: North and 
Vere Berty, and assented to by Philip Musgrave, Geo. Fletcher, John Lowther of 
Sockbridge, Christ Musgrave, Dan: Fleming, Edward Wilson and Christ. Philipson. 
The Midsummer General Assizes were to be holden without adjournment in alternate 
years at Appleby and Kendal. All other Sessions to be holden at Appleby for the 
Bottom of Westmorland on Monday in Sessions Week, and at Kendal for the Barony 
by Adjournment on the Friday in the same week. The Clerk of the Peace was to 
be responsible that the Adjournment is made and for the order at the dose of each 
Sessions for summoning the next. Assessments, Charges for Bridges, Gaol, &c., 
to be kept distinct for the Bottom and the Barony, and distinct rates to be made. 

' Seen, a, p. 181. 

* Thomas Lamplugh, for whom see n. 3, p. 131. He had been admitted dean 
of Rochester 3 March, i67a-3, in succession to Peter Mew, who had been made 
bishop of Bath and Wells. He was now made bishop of Exeter (consecrated 
I a Nov. 1676) in succession to Bishop Sparrow who had been tranilated to Norwich. 
Lamplugh was translated to York in 1688. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 211 

I hope some of my posterity may. Now since we are all agreed 

(which I hope will ever continue) I thought to have recomended 

Mr J<dm Fisher ^ and some others unto you to be put into our Comission 

of Peace for Westmer^: but I shall not insist thereon; least I meet 

with an opposer, and my recommendation prove theire hinderance. I 

shall ever heartily pray for your health, and the continuance of our 

good Kings Favour; and I shall ever remaine 

Noble Sr 

For S^ Jos. Williamson Your most devoted obedient 

These. and most obliged Servant 

Dan: Flxmikg 
For the Right Hon^e S^ Joseph 

Williamson Knite his Majesties 

Principall Secretary of State 

these 

at Whitehall 

London 



cxxni. 

Sir Joseph Wiluamson to Danibl Fleming (1761). 

Whitehall y« ia«» Sept. 1676. 

S^ 

I am extreme glad to find y« difference about y^ Sessions in 
Westmorland ' so well composed, and could wish with all my heart, all 
others of what nature soeu^ amongst Gentlemen that are Neighbo''" 
might haue y« same issue ; I'm sure it would be for y« service of y« 
G)untry, &, m«thinks ought to be of content to y« particular persons, 
whose Hues sure cannot be very easy to them amidst such perpetuall 
heats and squables. 

I know no man has better right to recomend a Justice of Peace 
than y'" have, who haue so well merited of y« King & Country in y« 
execution of that trust yo'selfe and, if y^ please Tie speak with my 
L. of Carlisle ' of it, when he comes first to Towne. 

I am ashamed to have been so long yo^* Debtor for so many kind 
& oblidgeing Letters. I beseech you belieue it can never be want of 

* See n. a, p. 207. 

' See n. i, p. 204, and n. a, p. a 10. 

' Charles Howard, first Earl of Carlisle of that creation (for whom lee n. 4, 
p. 151), was Lord Lieutenant of Cumberland, Westmorland and Durham, and so 
the proper person to recommend persons to be made justices of the peace. 

V % 



ai2 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

esteeme for yc^ person & friendshipp both w<^ I ever haue & ever 

shall value very much. 

I am sorry y^ doe not ord' matters so, as that wee might once in 

seven yeares at least see y« Deane of Carlisle^ here in y« South. Indeed 

I cannot but thinke it is not well in him, for his owne sake, for his 

friends sake, & for y^ Churche. I beg y^ will giue him my humble 

service, & to y« rest of our friends, assuring yo'selfe th* I am w*^ 

a very particular esteeme & will 

Deare Sf 

Yo^ most humble & faithfull 

Serv* 
Mr Fleming. J Wxlliaksok. 

For Daniel Fleming Esq' 
at Rydall 
Kendall 
J. Williamson. Westmerland. 



CXXIV. 

Bishop Lamplvgh of Exstxr' to Daniel Flkming (1790). 

S', 
Yours of y« aa^ of Novemb. I rec^ by w«*^ you have layd a great 
obligation upon me to have me in your thoughts, & to afford me your 
good wishes, & Prayers, w«^ I do highly value, & for w«^ I do heartily 
thank you. My Lot, at p'sent, is fallen at a great distance from you, 
where it would be a happiness to me if I might meet w^ such good 
Patriotts, & true Sons of y« Church as you have shown your self to 
be, in suppressing those disorderly & fanatique humours, w<^l^ we have 
found to be so pernicious both to church & state '. 

I did truly & heartily condole w*** you the loss of your good Lady *, 
but congratulate those severall Pledges of loue shee hath left you, & 
do from my heart wish you much comfort in them all. That they 
may be long happy in loue of such a father, & you in y« Duty & 

^ Thomas Smith. 

' See n. 4, p. aio. 

' In spite of this, Canon Venables (Z). N. B.y s.y.) says that Lamplngh showed 
great moderation towards the nonconformist clergy of his diocese, stopping 
proceedings against them when it was in his power to do so, and dismissing tliem 
free of costs. Seeking to win them over by argument, he urged them to study 
Hooker. 

* See n, I, p. 303. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 213 

wdfiire of all jour children, ft all of you eternally happy in another 
worid, is ft shalbe ye most hearty Prayer of 

St Martins' ^' 

Dcoemb. 5 Your most affectionate friend 

' ^ to loue ft serv you 

My cosen Richard Lamplugh *, I hope Tho: £xon. 

was so kind as to see you in his return. 

Mr Secretary WiUiamson is yo^ Servant. 

For his ever honoured friend 

Daniel Fleming Esquier 

at Rydall in Westmerland 

Charges 3^' 



CXXV. 
Sir Joseph Williamson to Daniel Fleming (1805). 

Whitehall f 13. Jan. i67#. 

Dears Sr 

You may be well belieue I am by this time growne hardened ft 
beyond any further sence of my so shamefull silence. Indeed I might 
weU be so, by y« time I haue suffered that habit to prevaile upon 
me, But I take countenance from y^ pretext y« season of y^ New 
yeare giues me, to beg once for all yo' pardon. 

I have so many ft euident obligations to yo' kindnesse, that I know 
not where to begin to relume y« my thankes, being ashamed I haue 
neu' yet been able to find any y« least occasion to doe it as I ought & 
would doe. In ye interim till I doe, please accept of it in this comon 
ft ordinary way, ft allow me to aske y« continuance of yo^ friendshipp 
as one that truely values ft esteemes it, ft that am with great truth 

Deare S' 

Yo' most faithfull & humble 
Serv* 

J. Williamson 
Mr Fleming. 

' Lamplugh had been vicar of St Martin's in the Fields since 1670, and did not 
Tacate the living till his appointment to the bishopric of Exeter. 

' See n. 3, p. 45. By calling him ' cosen/ Bishop Lamplugh settles a question aa 
to his own paternity. If he had been, as is sometimes aUeged, son of the Thomas, 
who purchased the manor of Ribton, Richard would have been his brother. 

' The Act of 1660 (12 Car. II. cap. 35) ordered the official. charge for a single 
letter to be 2d, for distances under eighty miles from the place where the letter was 
received, and yi. beyond that distance, with special rates for Irish, Scotch, and 



214 3rff^ FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

CXXVI. 
Daniel Flbhing to Sir Joseph Williamson (i8io). 

Rydal, Febr. 2 ff . 

Noble S* 

Your last very kind Letter doth demonstrate your Goodness to 
be equall to your Greatness : and doth sufficiently shew y^ falsity of 
that comon country saying, That a Courtiers kindness is neither cordial 
nor constant. For a Person of your Figure to remember so affec- 
tionately a meer Countryman at this great distance, one who never 
had it in his power to oblige you, is very extraordinary ; and if I never 
receive anything more either of Honour or Interrest, from you, yet 
shall I have no reason to complaine. The other day I had ye happi- 
ness of seeing the Dean of Carlile *, very well & hearty, notwithstanding 
some had buried him, & had (as its said) endeavoured to succeed him 
in his preferm^: He & I often (as wee had great reason) heartily 
remembered you, & wished you all Health & Happiness. God bless 
his Majesty, & grant him a long life ; & also that Hee & his Parliament 
may agree to enact such things as shall be for y^ reall good & welfare 
of Church & State. I shall ever remaine 

DearSr 

Your most affectionate 
obliged & obedient Serv^ 
For S' Joseph D. F. 

Williamson 

These. 

CXXVII. 

Rev. Thomas Machell* to Daniel Fleming (1849). 
Sr 
I am much beholden you for the kinde proffer of your Assistance 

foreign letters. For a doable letter (one sheet enclosed by another) the charge was 
double, and for pacqnets of letters the charge was is. 6d, per oz. (H. D. TraiU*s 
Social England, vol. 4, p. 484.) 

^ Thomas Smith. 

' Thomas Machell, called by ChanceUor Ferguson the father of aU Cumberland 
and Westmorland Antiquaries^ was son of Lancelot Machell of Crackenthorpe, 
by Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Sleddall, of Penrith. He entered Queen's 
College as a battler 10 Nov. 1663, matriculating 5 Feb. 1663-4, ^^S^ i^* ^^ 
proceeded B.A. 29 Oct 1668, and M.A. 11 Mar. 1671-2. He was elected 
taberdar 11 July, 1668, and fellow la Dec 1672. Antiiony Wood derives the 
name from 'malus catulus.' He was afterwards rector of Kirkby Thore 1677, 
chaplain in ordinary to Charles II 1679, and F.R.S. and died 1698. His wiU is in 
Cnmbd, &* IVesimd, Antiq. Trans, voL iv. p. 4. His coUections are bomid in six 
folio volumes and preserved in the Cathedral Library at Carlisle. (Nicolson 9t 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 215 

bf Mr Dixon ' : But Ihe Terms I like not ; because I am conscious of 
tayoe owne inabililyes to perfonn such a. work as Mr Dugdall's', haueing 
ndlber the leisure nor ingenuity of that worthy Author, who (if I mis- 
lake not) was ao years in compileing his Booke '. And If I were able 
to do the like ; I cannot tell, whether I should meet w"" such great 
encourage men IS from Wesimrland & Cumberland, as he had from 
W«rwickshire : for the Cutis will be many, because our a CountycB 
abound w^ Antiquities ; and the Gentry are few. But I must confess, 
I am very willing to serve my Countrey as far as I can ; and haue 
iberelbre enlarg'd Mr Oglcbyes Queries', that I may be both able to 
ntisfy Them, and myne owne curiosily. The end of which is To haue 
in readiness a Local Account how things stand at this day in each 
Parish & Lordship ; to which I may refer (as a Comon-Place) all those 
Collections I haue in readiness; and what euer else shall hereafter 
occur, either In Historyes or ancient Records. In Order whertunlo, 
uwards the conclusion of the i. Cap. (Cap. 1. Qu: 8) you will £nde a 

Bom, i. p. iii.) Hit eldest brotbei Hugh, ilso al Qdccb'i College (1661), wu 
Mayor of Applebjr 1681-j, and died 1716. 

* Thomas DUod, of whom we shall hear much hereHftcr, entered Qneen'i 
College Ki boiler 7 March, 1664-5, matricalntiag lo March, 1654-5, ""^ °^ Thomu 
of Windermere, aged 15, Foitet [Al. Ox.,%.^.^ describe* him os'servlens jnratni' 
■4 Jul]', 1665. He wu rleclcd n Scholaiis de Taberdi 4 March, 166S-9. \\\i 
nxne fint appean as a Fellow in Lent Term 1673-4, bot this electioa of Fellowi 
bnM recorded in the College Register. He proceeded R A. 19 Jane, 1669; MA. 
13 ;■«. 1671-3; an. i9juiie, i6Sa; and D.D. 16 June, 1685. He wa» ptescolcd 
lollie rector]' of Weyhill, flants, 1681. 

' Seen. I. p. 174. 

* Dugdate began hii collectiooa for his ' Warwickibire,' for (he ' Monatticon' 
Htd in the 'Baicmagiam' in 1641. The Warwickshire wai pnlilisbed in 1656; 
odbc Monasticon the finC volamc was published in 1655, the second in 1661, the 
third in 1673; the Baroaagiam was published in i6;f-6. {^D. JV. B.,s.T.) 

* M.J'. 1904 anMacbell's printed qnerics. Tbey occDpy font folio pages closely 
printed, and are headed. Thai the Ntrlhirn CtuntUt which aheuiul in Anti^ilia 
afd Afiift Gmlry, majr no l^ngrr be bur^d in SUtnce /n/ormatiaH ii dtti^d 
tBHitrmng Ihe fallowing Qturiti as Ihty lyi in order. They arc divided into thtM 
chapten. Chep. I. Queries concemiog the Parish in GeneraL Chap. II. Ctn- 
timing tvtry particular Lordship enqitin of ihi Lord, Stemard, Balivi, or 
txftritmid Tentnt. Chap. HI. Comeming Evtty City, Tovm, Villngt, Hamltt, 
A^. In each chapter the most minute detaiU are asked lor. Ogilby's Queries, on 
«)kieb Uacbell based his, were probably issued for his Ejiglish Atlas, of wtiieb 
a. p. 1168 is an Advertisement. It was to have been in three volumes of which 
the Gnti ' An Illustration of the Kingdom of England and Dominion of Wales, by 
■ Geographical and Historical Dcscriplion of the principal Roads thereof,' alone 
•pptaied. The Queries were probably in Ihe main with a view to the third 
volume, which was to have been ' A Topogiaphicat Description of the whole 
KiBcdom.* Ogilby's life bin A .V.^. 



2i6 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

particular enquirie made of the Date & Number of ancient Evidences 
wtli euery Gentleman ; That (If God giue me life & leisure to do it) 
I may better informe my selfe by Reading of them when I come into 
the Countrey. But when my Collections are brought to an head, 
great care will be taken to select such Notes as are most material ; and 
to purge out the rest, which are either impertinent, suspected, or 
dubiouse : for any one may see, by those priuate Queries which are 
to be made both to Lords & Tenents, distinct, & apart, That nothing 
of injury is designed to any man ; and That (whatsoever is exposed to 
my view) only such truiths are like to be Recorded, as are agreed to 
& owned on all hands. 

As to the Queries. 'Tis true you will find them very long and 
tediouse, mayny Tautologyes conteined in them, & somthings allso 
which may be litigiouse & not fit to be Answer'd : But tho you (the 
Gentlemen & Ministers of the Countrey from whom I hope the 
Greatest Assistance) are men of Ingenuity, so that a word might seeme 
to suffice ; yet They are Contriv'd for Ordnary Capacityes, That the 
Vulgar (possibly of slow app'hensions) who must be consulted in this 
vndertakeing, By giueing their Answers to severall Queries in Different 
Terms tho to the same purpose, may luckily hit of som little Circum- 
stance fully discovering all that is sought for in 2 or 3 Questions : And 
as for those which are very dubiouse, and therefore may seem vnfit to 
be Answered, The Respondent in this Case may vse his Discretion. 

I shall be glad of your helpe in any thing, (for you are a Gendeman 
of whose Acquaintance I haue bin ambitiouse these many years.) But 
more especially I begg your Assistance in The Parish of Kendal, for 
which Mr Steuartson ^ is allready Imploy'd, but cannot (I fear) attend 
to Compleat It, by reason of his Schoole. And if any other Parishes 
in the Barony of Kendal should be remiss, I hope you will speake (as 
occasion is ofi'er'd) to the Ministers of them. 

As touching Cumberland, for which I haue an Equal Conceme (my 
Mothers* Country I) I haue dispatch'd Papers som time agoe to my 
dear friend & Brother Mr Blennerhassat ' ; w<* (I make no question) 

* In the list of Scryveneis Fremen {A BoJu off Recorde of Kirkbiekendall^ edited 
by R. S. Ferguson, Kendal, 1892, p. 81) under date 5° die Octobris, 1674, occurs 
Mr. Richard Stewardson, schoolmast., on the same day as Mr. Michael Standford, 
▼icar, and Mr. Thomas Bell, curat. The Stewardsons seem to have been a family 
of schoolmasters, as William {paedagogus) was father of Richard admitted sirar of 
St. John's College 3 May, 1705. The earlier Richard does not seem to have taken 
a degree either at Oxford or at Cambridge. 

* Elizabeth Sleddall, sec n. a, p. 214. 

* See Additional Notes. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 217 

he has dispersed among the Ministers : But, haueing no friends of 

intimate acquaintance in the Barony of < _ *^ , , I wish'd Him 

I r.gennont ' 

to consult with you and Mr Lampleugh ' whose assistance I hop'd for, 

heing incourag'd thereto by some little acquaintance contracted w^ 

Him ; and a voluntary proffer of kindness from j^ selfe, whom I take 

to haue Lands (or at least some interest) in the Barony of Copland, as 

your Ancestors haue had *. 

There is scarce a Family in Westm'Iand or Cumberland, that I haue 

such a particular Relation of: & If such as you (Patriots of your 

Countrey !) would promote the designe vpon all occasions, as I hope 

you will ; & encourage the Ministers by your Countenance in It, That 

I may But Vnderstand Its p^sent State & late Revolutions, I should 

hope to leaue such collections behinde me, tho I never print, as may 

afford matter for after Aiges to compile a large Volume of The 2 

Sister-Countyes '. An Vndertakeing I haue bin perswaded to (tho out 

of my way) by Mr Wood •, Mr Dugdall & others ; and I doubt not att 

all of your ready complyance, in this Publiq^ Designe, w^ 

Q. C. Oxon I jg Yr most humble & 

March 36 J ' '* niost affectionate Serv* 

Tho: Machell 

Pray Remember those Queries Mr Dixon ^ 

left w*^ you, & the Coats of Arm's in Windermer 

Church \ 

These 

To Daniel Fleming Es<j 

att Ridall in 

Westm'land 

* * The great Barony of Coupland, or Kopeland, lies between the rivers Dudden 
and Darwent and the sea ' (Denton*s Cumberland, edited by R. S. Ferguson, Kendal, 
1887, P' 5)' ^t includes all the south-western part of Cumberland. 

* 'Lord William de Meschines, seated himself at Egremont, and caused the 
name of the barony to be changed from Kopeland, and to be called the barony of 
Egremont' (Denton, ut sup.) 

^ Probably Richard, for whom see n. 3, p. 45. 

* Fleming's Beckermet property and probably also the Monkhall property 
would be in the Barony of Coupland. See n. a, p. 6, and n. 6, p. i. 

* There is an account by Chancellor Ferguson of Machell's Manuscripts in the 
account of the Chapter Library of Carlisle by Rev. R. W. Dixon in the Transactions 
of the Cumbd, and Westmd. Antiquarian Society, vol. iv. pp. 323 sqq. 

' Anthony Wood has a dozen lines about Machell in Athena, ed. Bliss, iv. 532. 
Heame too, under date 10 Oct. 1707, mentions him as ' having had y* character of 
a good Antiquary * (ed, Doble, ii. 60). 

^ See n. i, p. 215. 

* Dugdale had visited Kendal and Grasmere Churches, so on the printed paper 



2i8 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

CXXVIII. 
Rev. Thomas Dixon ^ to Daniel Fleming (1850). 

Qa: Colt: Ozffi March 27 (77) 

Honoured S' 

If (by my long silence) I have not already forfeited yo^ good 
opinion, a further neglect in acknowledging ycP^ favours, & recounting 
yo' transcendent obligacons must have necessarily incurred yc^ 
disesteem, & have likewise made me guilty of the highest ingratitude. 
And therefore to avoid such absurd soloecisms (too gross for Oxonians 
to be guilty of) I have adventured att p^sent to retume you my hearty 
(though late) thanks for yo^ extraordinary civilities to me, while I was 
in y« country, & particularly for that generous freedom & communica- 
tiveness wch you were pleas'd to demonstrate both in your words 
& actions. I confess they were such obligacons as few (if any) in 
your parts could conferr, and therefore as my resentments of them 
are very great : so my retaliation can be but small, because 'tis your 
priviledge to obleige beyond all requiteall. However it may not be 
an ingratefull office to acquaint you that affaires (in reference to our 
College) stand much in y^ same posture I left them in, for wee have 
the same Provost * still, who governs us att a distance & by Proxy. 
I was willing to beleive y^ newes you were pleas'd to impart to me in 
y« Country concerning the Bp^ removeall before Easter, & to fancy it 
may prove true still, because wee have some reports bruited abroad 
of late, as if Easter were to be ye longest, if a Resignacon were not 
voluntarily sent downe before that time : Yet wee have no full assurance 
of these things, but only travell with expectacon, which when 'tis 
tum'd into fruition, I shall p'sume to let you partake in y® enjoyment 
'Tis likewise reported that ye bussiness about Ordinacon between ye 
Bp of Lincolne & Oxoh ' (who is att Christ Church att p^sent & has 
been there since y« Publick Ordinacon on ye 11*^ of this Month) was 
put to a reference of 5 Bishops, & that Lincokie was cast, but I canot 

{R, P, 1904) Machell had written that he would ' Aske no ftirther Txx>able as touchin 
Mon. & Coats of Anns * with reference to them. Windermere Church, he here 
reminds D. F., is not in the same position as the other two. 

* See n. i, p. 215. 

* Thomas Barlow, who though nominated to the bishopric of Lincoln i May 
1675, did not resign the provostship till 4 April, 1677. See Appendix G. 

' The bishop of Oxford at this time was John Fell, elected 8 Jan. 1675-6, 
confirmed 5 Feb., and consecrated next day in the chapel of Winchester House at 
Chelsea. He had been dean of Christ Church since 1660, and held the deaneiy 
with the bishopric till his death 10 July, 1686. 




THE FLEMINGS iJTXSXFbSD'' aig 

I vooch 7* certainty hereof. D' Halton' (to whom I prsented your 
letvice & who returns you his back againe) went up to London on 
Ibyd^y last. At his reiume wee look for j* Bp> resignacon, W* will 
be the only meanes to make way for his own promotion. Our Citty 
affords no remarkeable occurrences of late, but the Iryall & con- 
ileomac&n of one Franc. Smith, who was brought from Carlile Goalc 
to be executed at Oifon for Slealcing New College Plate, & anatomiz'd 
afterwards for y^ improvm* of knowledge'. There were others 
concern'd in y" fact, particularly one Robinson (who Passes und' 
a or 3 names) that caiiot be met with, & Mallarby & Ingram who 
were Smiths accusers, the latter of w='' had formerly been of 
New CoUedge School, & was therefore the more base Villain in 
contriveing such a thing. 'Tis reported ihal Smith left his Confession 
in wrileing w1> one Mr Fines' of New College. One Dogget an 
Attorney (who lives in London) is said to have melied all y» said 
Plate, & was thereupon dapt up, but ihey say he has got! his pardon, 
& 'lis imagin'd that {being very wealthy) he must satisfy New CoUedge 
Ibr their Plate. Mallarby is gone to Warwick to impeach some who 
were concern 'd with him in robbing my L*! Carringtons* house. 
A desultory fancy & pen, would easily glance from these Narrations 
to those of Sadler & his accomplices who were lately condemn'd att 
y* old Bayly & executed at Tybume for stealing >■* Chancellours Mace 
& other ensigns of Authority " : but I must not entrench upon anoihers 
province, or cloy you with such Intelligence as I am perswaded you 

' The liiefl took place st one or two in Ihe moniing of 6 Noytmbcr, 1675. 
Smith and aa accomplice guided by one Ingiam, who hod been a schooltwy there, 
cuDe over the wall and by a ladder into the boltery window. The plnle wai 
wofth DCBi loo/i. bDt sold at London by the thieves 10 an aCtoiaej called Dogger, 
and by him to a goldsmith for ninety pounds. The goldsmith melted ihe plate 
dowD. Ingram not having been givea bis promi»d shore turned King's evidence. 
Smith WHS banged 19 Much, 1677, (Wood's Zi^<»K/7i>H«i,ed.CtBik,il.3ij, 371.) 

' Fiobably Phaiamos Fieanes, b. 1647, at Haoworth in Middleiei, fouoder'i 
kin Scholar of Winehciler, 1659 ; fellow of New College, 1666-73 : B,C.L. 1674 i 
fellow of WincbeElet College, 1677 ; maatet of Magdalen Hospital and leclot of 
Werion, Gloncesletshire ; died 1708. 

' Francis Smith (1611-1701}. second Viscount Carrington of Burford or Baire- 
fore in the peerage of Ireland, and Barron Carringlon ot Wotlon in the peerage of 
England. His seal in Warwickshire was Wootlon Hal] in the parish of ^^'ootton- 
Wawen, a mile and a half from Henley-in-Aiden. The present Earl Canington 
belongs to a different Eunily of Smith. 

* Under the dale 7 Febrnary, 1677, Anthony Wood n 



twoin tl 



momiiie, 



the Lord Chancellor,' 



11 Sir Heaeage Finch, ' ills tnace 



e itole out of his house in Queen Street. The scale layd onder his pillow and 



' » Ihe (htif missed. The ^moni Iheif that did it 



II Thomas Sadler ; soon after 



220 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

are fumish'd with from a better hand. London affaires & Parlia- 
mentary transactions are (I suppose) better known to you than us, 
and therefore I shall wave such insignificant informa68lis, and only 
request of you that^ if you think fit (or have leisure) to remind 
Mr Braithwaites executors about y^ Coines that were given to our 
University \ or to press them to send them up & can p^vaile with them, 
you would be pleas'd to send them to my father *, & heel gett them 
conve/d to me, & He endeavour to gett all perform'd by y« Bishop 
(before his removeall) that you shall judge requisite to be done either 
for yo's or the executors security. If you have any further thoughts 
likewise of honouring our Private Library with yo^ china Almanack ' 
(wcJ^ Mr Hide* pnends to und'stand a litle) it shall be kept in y« 
Archives ' as a rarity beyond the Devills hand' & registred among such 

taken; hanged for it at Tybnine i6 Mar/ (Wood's Life and Times , ed. Clark, 
ii 366). In the Bodleian, Wood 37a (15) is Sadler's Memoirs: or. The History 
of the Life and Death of that Famous Thief Thomas Sadler. Giving a true Account 
of his being Fifteen times in the Goal of Newgate^ and a Relation of his most 
Notorious Pranks in City and Countrey. With a particular Description of the 
manner of his Robbing the Lord High Chancellour of England \ For which he was 
Condenmed to Dye, and executed at Tjybum on Fryday the sixteenth of Mttrck^ 
1677. With All<ywanee, Ro. L'Estrange. Printed for P. Brooksby, in West- 
smithJUld, Small 4^ 

^ See n. 4, p. 206. 

' Thomas Dixon of Windermere. 

' See Additional Notes. 

* There were two members of Queen's College called Thomas Hide, or Hyde,, 
in the third quarter of the seventeenth century who are confounded by Mr. Foster 
in his Alumni Oxonienses (s.v.) (i) Thomas Hide who entered as Commoner 
30 June, and matriculated 10 Nov. 1654, who died 13 Feb. 1655-6, and was 
buried in the church of St. Peter in the East (Wood's Life and Times^ ed. Clark, 
i. 200. (2) ' Hydius, stupor mundi ' (Heame, ed. Doble, i. 235) the orientalist 
(1636-1703). He migrated from King*s College, Cambridge, to Queen's College 
in 1658, and became reader in Hebrew, was created M.A. on the recommendation 
of Richard Cromwell 1658, under-keeper of Bodleian in the same year, head 
librarian 1663, prebendary of Salisbury 1666, archdeacon of Gloucester 1673, 
proceeded D.D. 1682, became Laudian professor of Arabic 1691, Regius 
professor of Hebrew and Canon of Christ Church 1697, resigned the librarianship 
of the Bodleian 1701, and died 18 Feb. 1702-3; buried at Handborough. His 
life is in D.N,B, Dixon's doubt as to his understanding what he pretended to 
understand seems to have been an usual attitude of his contemporaries (see Heame, 
ed. Doble, ut sup^. He wrote an account of Chinese weights and measures for 
Edward Bernard's Weights and Measures of the Ancients^ 1688, which is reprinted 
in Sharpe's Syntagma of Hyde's Dissertations. 

* Archives, which properly means (Murray, s.v.) A place in which public 
records or other important historic documents are kept, seems in some libraries to 
be used for the locked cases in which the most precious volumes are kept safe from 
careless handling or robbery. The word is so used in the Bodleian Library. 

* The book xdencd to is Introductio in Chaldaicam lingua, Syriaca, atq| 



p 



teoefikcdons as tend to y" saiisraccion of the Curious as well as ys 
renowne of y« Donor. Thus I have made a shift lo spin out my 
letter to a tedious length 1 am afraid, considering yor great bussiness 
ft employm^ but I hope youl impute it to the good will & alTectioil 
of him that's ambitious to serve you in thb kind & would be willing 
ind ready to serve you in any other, if it lay in his power, In y mean 
time he subscribes himself 

Worthy S^: 
Dr Plots Nail History Yor most obleiged & 

of Oxfordshire' will come devoted Servant 

oat about Easier. Mr Machell Thomas: Dixon 

said he would acquaint you with 
his de^igne by }••> Bearer ', Reflections 

upon y« Councill of Trent are lately come out from yo Theater by 
one Lurancy a Convert to our church*. Pray Present my service to 

Annetiici, Sc decern alias lingua Characterum DifTerenliu Alphnbcta, circiter 
qoadragiou, & eoriSdem innicem coformalio. Mjstica et Cabalislica qniplorima 
■dia digna. Et docriptio ac ainmlachiu Phigoli Afraaij Theaeo Ambroaio ex 
ConiitibBi Albonesii. I. V. Doct. PBpl<S. Cuioaico Regnlaii LatermeQai, ac 
Sucti pMii in Cielo Anreo Papia; Praiposito, Aalhore. m.d.xxxix. <[ Lineaaiam 
ytn, & AIphal>eloru nomina sequeas pagella dcmonstnibiL small 4°. P. tin 
besinsone of a numberofdiKiimcnts which are inclndcd in an Appendix Mnltarum 
DifertammqDC Liteniniiti, namely wliat it called 4[ Ladunici Spoletani pceptu une 
(*t Tolgo didtarj coiuratio. Cum snbscripU Demoais responiioac. The mponw 
of tlie Demon is prioted !□ facsimile et ihe bottom of the page and ia the Derll'i 
hand from wbich the copy of the book ia the Coll^^ Archives derived its Dame. 
The inontatioD is in Italian, and what follows reconnts that as loaa ns the writer 
iMd laid down bis pen it was canghl up anil the characten in question rapidly 
mitten by an nnscen hand. No attempt has ever been made to interpret ihem. 
The page in question in (be copj belonging to the College has from frequent 
iDCpcctioD and handling been mnch disligured. Mr, Andrew Ctatk has reproduced 
U&om acUan copy in the Bodleian in his edition of Wood's Zi/cuW TiiiM/, i. 498. 
Li 1663, on Michaelmas Day, the King, qneen, dnke and duchess of Yoilt being at 
Qaeen's College, ' went and saw the chappie, then the libtarj lo see the divell'a 

' The Nntanil History of Oifordshire. Being an Eisay toward the Natnral 
HiatoiT of England. By R.P.L.L.D. Prmted at the Theatre in Ojford, and are to 
be had there : And in London at Mr. S. Millers, at the SUr near the West-end of 
St. Paol'i Churchyard, 1677. The price in sheets at the Press, pine shillings. To 
fBbscrilwii. eight shillings, folio, CQneen's College Library.) The antbor w«* 
Robert Plott, D.C.L,, of Magdalen Hall, the first Keeper of the AabmoleBn 
HtiMom. Wood ID mentioning its publication on the i7ih of Ma; addt.'fapperiei 
ttd fooleries in it,' but it reached a second edition in 170s- 

» PtobablT Peter Bnrayeate the carrier who would carry not1hward« Machell'* 
letter (CXXVII) as well as Dixon's, 

' Mippolytus dn ChasUet dc Luiancy, created M.A. of Christ Church, 16 January. 
1675-4. His life and character are set forth at some length by Wood C'or'i li. 



222 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

Mr Kirby ^ &, tell him that all y« Oxford Almanacks* are bought up 
or sent to London. 

For 
The Worpft>u Daniel 
Fleming Esc^ 
att RidalUHall 
in Westmoreland 
These 



CXXIX. 

Rev. Thomas Dixon to Danul Fleming (1853). 

Oxffi. ApriU 7 (77) 
Worthy S' 

In order to the performance of my promiss made to you in my 

late lines by Bum3ratts *, These are to acquaint you that what I then 

intimated to you concerning y« Bishops Resign£con before Easter is 

since come to pass^ : for on Friday last (being the 6^ of this instant 

Aprill) Dr Halton brought his resignacon down with him to the 

College ; and read it to the Society that night, and the next day wee 

went to the election of a New Provost, and by an unanimous consent 

(for none stood ag^ him) chose D^ Halton, yo' quondam fifellow Pupill 

& Schoolfellow ' : for which favour & promotion he gave us a noble 

Treat both in the Hall and in his Chamber this very day. Wee only 

elected him (for our power reaches no further) and the Arch-bishop of 

Yorke (who is our Visiter) is to confirme & admitt him : So he goes 

to wait upon him at London in Easter weeke, and the two Senior 

550). He died vicar of South Weald in Essex, 171 3. See also Wood's Life and 
Tim£Sf ed Clark, ii. 537. The book referred to b Reflexions on the Council of 
Trent By H. C. de Luzancy, Deacon of the Chnrch of England, and Mr. of 
Arts of Christ-Church in Oxford. Oxford^ At the Theater, 1677. small 8^. 
(Bodleian Library.) It was written to counteract a Treatise entitled Considerations 
upon the Council of Trent. 

^ i. e. John for whom see n. 5, p. 4. 

' For the Oxford Almanacks and especially the one for which Kirby was in 
search see Appendix H. 

' See n. 4, p. 15. 

* See Appendix G. 

* Halton entered Queen*s College 9 March, 1648-9, D.F. 20 July, 1^50, so 
they would have been undergraduates together. D. F.'s places of education are 
set out on p. a. Halton, coming as he did from Greystock, would be more likely 
to have been at school with him at Eamont-bridge, Penrith or Keswick than at 
the other places there mentioned. 



I 



ass 

ffdlowes (sc: Mr Skellon ' & MrCrosthwait') goe to p'sent him to the 
Arch>^BP: The Bishop in his Resign£con did not only apologize for 
his long stay wilh us upon y' account of bis necessities, & some other 
reasonable grounds approv'd on by his Superiouis : but also expresa'd 
his great unwillingness to leave (his dear Mother) the College alt last, 
ft his iinfeigii'd desire & intention (o shew himself grateful! as God 
should enable him. So thai wee hope he will do great things for us, 
ft wee do not question but wee have made choice of a Successor who 
will be of as great consequence & advantage & may (in time) be oa 
great an honour to y« College as he has been. The Bp ('tis thought) 
will desire the use of y^ Provost Lodgeings till Midsumer, or att least 
till y adjourm* of y« Parliam', because he caiiot well remove his 
things till then. All y» newes I h.ive to send you besides is, That the 
Dutch (according to some lett's from Calais) have lately in their march 
towards y leleif of St Omers reC^ a. great defeat from the French 

' John Skcltoa entered Qneea'a College as batlei in the ninth week of Che fim 
igauter of Ibe yew 1653, matrieuUted 34 Jnne of ihe shidc year, ws5 elected Dndley 
ExUbitionet of Oriet College towards the end of the yeai, and held the exblbitioa 
lot seven yeat» without leamg Qncen's, was elected 'panper piier' ig June, 1656, 
proceeded RA. 16 Nov. 1656, elected fellow I Marcli. l6£g, proceeded M.A. 
4 Jane, ifijg. He continned ftUow till about ifiSo, having held the office of 
Cunerariiu in the year 1663-], and of Thesiunuius from 1665 to 1G6B, and again 
in the jiear 1671-I. He wos chaplain to Bishop Barlow of Lincobi, who collated 
him to the archdeacoaiy of Bedford Ij Feb. 1G7S-9, and to the prebend of Asgarby 
in the cathedral of Lincoln 5 Sc|X. 16S3, which lathe following year he exchanged 
for the pnrbend of Biggleswade in the same church. He was vicar of Stixwold 
1666, rector of Scrsylield 1677, and of East Wickham 16S0, all in (he county 
of Lincoln, rector of Walgrare, Nortbanis, 16S1, and provost or master of the 
faoi[uta1 of St. John's, Northampton. He died 3 April, 1704. Heome. who 
oalli him E. Skellon (ed. Doble. ii. 68), had a bad opinion of bim. 

* Thomas Crosthwayt entered Queen'i College as batlei 17 October, 1656, 
wa» elected ' panpier pner' 13 Dec l65o, proceeded B,A. 15 Feb. r6()0-l, M.A. 
14 June, 1664, elected fellow is Not. l6fi6, B.D. 30 May, 1677, D.D. 1 Dec 
1684. HewBi jgaior proctor of the Cniveisity 167 J-3, Cametarins of the College 
1669-70, Thesanrarins 1673-4 and from 1679 to j6Sl. He was appointed 
ptebendaty of Elxcter by bishop Lamplugb 7 JoDe, 167H, and elected Principal of 
EdniDDd Hall i<i Mar. [683-4. ^<^ ^^ deprived of the Frincipalship 30 Oct. 
1684, either for neglecting to lubscribe to a declaration reqaired by the Act of 
Uiiilormity or (or keeping his letlowship with the principaUhip agaiosl the 
Slatsia Aolaria. He was re-elected by the fellows of Queen's against provoil 
Halloa's wish on the 8th of November, and Gnaily deprived In the following year. 
He was a non.joror, ceased to be fellow in 169), having been deprived of hii 
prebend in the prevtoos year, lie di<d 30 Jan. 1709*10, and was buried i Feb. 
lo Ibe College Chapel. Heame calls bim 'a learned orthodox Divine, and an 
Bodauntcil soEferer for his Allegiance to his ondoubted Sotereign, and bis adherence 
tg the Dooliine of the Chnrch of Eogtand ' (cd. Doble, iL 339}. 



n 
4 



224 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

whom they engag'd with*, in w<* encounter y* Prince of Orange 

rec<^ 2 wounds in y^ arme, but this wants confinnacon. I am S^: 

Yor Servt: 

Tho: Dixon. 
These 

To the WonPfuU Daniel 

Flemming £sq^ att 

RidaU HaU near 

fforward ' Kendall in 

Westmoreland 

p^sent 
Post pd to London 2^' 

cxxx. 

Danibl Fleming to Dr. Timothy Halton (1862)^. 

RycUdl, Apr. 34, 77. 

Haveing lately heard of your being elected Provost of Queens 
Colledge, I hope you'l give me leave (amongst your many real 
Friends) heartily to congratulate y« same, & to wish you much Health 
& Happiness in the long enjoyment thereof; which (I am confident) 
will tume much to y« Accomp* of the Colledge & Vniversity, & no 
less to the Advantage of us of your Acquaintance & Country-men, 
who intend to send our children' to be under your Government. I have 
adventerd to send unto M^ Dixon a China Almanack', to be put into 
your Colledge Library, if you shall esteem such a triffleing booke (and 

^ R, P, 1854 is a letter from Sir John Lowther of Lowther, the newly elected 
M.P. for Westmorland, in which, under date Aprill 7®, 1677, he writes * the forrain 
news is, that the Prince of Oranges Army is wholy routed in attempting the seige 
of S* Omers and himself forced to retire to Ipres.* In February the king of France 
at the head of a nnmerons army burst into the Spanish Netherlands, and in a few 
days carried Valenciennes by assault In April Cambray surrendered, the prince of 
Orange was defeated at Cassel, and the city of St. Omer opened its gates to the 
conquerors. In November the Prince of Orange, who in 1674 ^^^ refused the hand 
of the Princess Mary, daughter of the Duke of York, was married to her. 

' This word is in a different hand to the rest of the address. 

* See n. 3, p. 213, 

* See n. i, p. 104. This document, which is a copy of the letter actually sent, 
is with the exception of the address which is in D. F.'s writing, in the hand of an 
amanuensis, perhaps his son William. 

* Those he sent were Henry, George (who was howerer diverted by an accident 
to Edmund Hall), Roger, and James. 

* See CXXVm, p. aao, and n. 3 theie. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 225 

lAmX book is of less vallew than an old almanack) fit to take up 

a loome theiie. Pray give my humble service unto M' Secretary \ 

and all other your Felowes of mine acquaintance ; & I hope you'l 

accept of the like firom 

Sr 

To I> Timothy Halton Your most ^thfiill friend 

These & obedient Servant 

Dan Flxming 



CXXXI. 
Danisl Flkming to Rbv. Thomas Machkll' (1862). 

RycUdl. Apr. 34. 77. 
S' 

I am much obleidged unto you for your kind Letter ; & since you 
are pleased to comunicate your designe of Describing these two 
Countyes, I shall be ever very ready to encourage all of myne acquaint- 
ance to assist you therein. I am very glad that we have a Gentleman, 
of your quality and parts, who will take the paines to illustrate the 
Antiquities of Westmorland and Cumberland ; & I think all Gentlemen 
theirin are obleidged to contribute (what they may) towards the com- 
pleating of such a work. I know to beautyfie this your work with 
maps, prospects, and'portraiciurs, will be some what chargable: but 
in this I hop you will meet with Generous persons who will help you. 
M' Dugdale's Warwick-shire, is a good coppy to write after; and 
although you (perhaps) fall short heirof, yet none (considering your 
want of leisure) can Justly censure you for it. When you shall be 
next for the Contry, I shall be very glad to see you heare ; that I may 
have som acquaintance with you, as well as I have already with your 
father, brother, and Vncles '. What you desire from me shall be per- 
formed So soon as I can conveniently : But perceiving that you are in 

^ L e. WUliamsoD, who was still a feUow, vacating his fellowship on his marriage 
in December, 1678. See n. 3, p. 139. 

' See n. 2, p. 214. This, like CXXX, is a copy of the letter actually sent and in' 
the hand of the same amanuensis, with the postscript and address added by D. F. 
The spelling of some words in both is dne to the amanuensis. 

* Lancelot Machell, Thomas's father, had four brothers, John, Hugh, Henry, 
and Robert, and a sister, Frances, married to William Atkinson of Lowther. 

Q 



226 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

noe hast, & haveing som occations of my owne which will a wile take 
up most of my time, I hope you'i pardon the delay of 

Sr 

Your very loveing friend 
I have here sent you and humble Servant 

an old Deed, w^ will (in Dan: Fleming 

part) prove y« great Antiquity 
of your Family ^ 

To Mr Tho. Machel 
These. 



cxxxn. 

Rxv. Thomas Dixon' to Daniel Fleming (1903). 

0£5n. Aug: i«*: (77) 

Together with yo^ late China-Present* (handed to me by Burnyatts* 
on June 30) I Te(A 3 lett's, one whereof was to Mr Provost, anothi* to 
Mr Machell (both w<5^ I delivered, as also the Almanack to Mr Provost) 
and y« third to my self, for w^ I humbly thank you : and Mr Provost 
said he would retume you an Answer & thanks for his : and the whole 
College is bound to thank you for the Almanack, & to preserve it in 
perpetuam Dantis memoriam. The Society haveing lately been 
pleas'd to make me Under Bursar & the Provost Deane ", I have a right 
(and shall make use of it) by vertue of my former office to speake to 

^ See Additional Notes. 

' Seen, i, p. 215. 

■ See CXXVIII, p. 220 and n. 3 there. 

* Seen. 4, p. 15. 

• The office of Under Borsar or Camerarius was in the gift of the College. * Dc 
Sodis tamen et Scholaribns per Praepositam et cseteros de Collegio eligantur, 
secnndom formam electionis Scholariam, dno aptiores et fideliores et discretiores 
ad omnem pecnniam dictse aulse undecunqne provenientem recipiendam, fideliter 
castodiendam et jnxta ordinationem Prsepositi utiliter liberandam et expendendam ; 
ad receptionem etiam librorum commnnium depntatomm ad profectum scholasticum 
et eonim cnstodiam; quonim alter nominetur thesaurarias, et alter cameiarins.' 
(College Statutes, p. 23.) The only Dean mentioned in the Statutes is the 
Decanns capellse (ib. p. 29), who was to be the ' primus et capitaneus ' of the 
chaplains ; but the full staff of chaplains designed by the founder ' crescentibns 
aulae redditibus ' (ib. p. 26) was never created, and the Dean seems at this time, as 
now, to have been an officer nominated by the Provost to assist him in maintaining 
the discipline of the College. 



■ THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 227 

Bfr Provosl to have yo' present put in the Archives where the Devils 
isind (which is now taken away) used to be placed '. It will become 
that place very well & many wi!! take it for that, seeing 'lis so un- 
intelligible. In lieu of yo' China- Almanack I have here sent you t 
schemes, the one whereof will acquaint you with y^ Frydayes Exercise 
before the Act' together «*!» y« persons & Themes they handled, the 
other with y* Questions ihai were handled both in Divinity & Philo- 
sophy on Monday following, So that 1 hope by meanes of this rude 
A imperfect draught of that great Solemnity, youl be able to frame a 
compleat idea, or perfect portraiture of y* whole. All therefore that 
I shall add furth' in reference to the Act, is that there were severalt 
forreigne Ambassadors att it. Some of w"'' it seems have desired a 
Coppy of y exercise thai was done upon Fryday. So 'lis all lo be 
printed & prsented to them : but I suppose 'twill hardly be sold. The 
Duke of Ormond' {our Chancellour) \vas expected alt j* Act (as may 
appear from y" lower end of y^ Fryday scheme) but he did not come ; 
y« wee look for him still this weeke or the nexL 'Tis said that his 
Players (who were with us all y« Act & 10 dayes after) carried 6 or 
700' clear gaines out of Oxon'. They acted much att ye same rale 
ihe Kings & Dukes used to do. My tA of Lincolne " retum'd lo Oxob 
on Saturday after ye Act, the Boxes are amakeing to carry his 
Bookes in ; & his Tenants & y" Gentlemen in y* County have jimiss'd 
him waggons, so that heel now remove before Michaelmas. As to y*' 
Bookes you mencbn'd in yof last they are both extant & approv'd of 
generally very well especially D' Piois Na^ll History' wli he dedicates 
to his Ma^F, the price whereof is to y* subscribers 8< and lo others 9* 
in sheets from y« Theater, bul ihe Booksellers ask r r^-lS"! for it bound : 
it has a great many Cutis in it w^ makes it so dear : the price of 

' See Dola s "'' 6- P- »">■ 
' For the Act or Comilii see AppEDitlx I. 
Junei Sutler, (iftb Earl and tifst Marquest and Doke of Ormonde (i6io-48), 
,Yieetoy of Ireland 1643-j, 1648-50, 1663-9, """^ '677-85. Chancellor of Oxfoiil 
'88, m contislcDl and mlous royalijit, the BairilUi of Dryden 'cmnncd with 
and with jein,' amoog Ihe noblest of the English aristocracy. (See 
I. E. C,'« Petrage, vi, 149 sq.l 

~ 1669, AnlhoQj Wood rcporlt under date g July (Clarlt'a Wood's Lift 

tnd Times. 11. 165], 'A great Act: a vast concoarse of people. The players 
duke of York's came and acted at the Gililhall yard — carried awayif; dan 1500 7). 
Scholan pawo'd hooks, bedding, blankets — laughed at London—bat afterwards 
Ibey grew wiser.' There is a letter of Timolhy Halton's when he was Vice- 
ChanecUoT complaining of similar leuilu owing to a Tult ofpUycr*. 
* ThotOM Barlow, tee n. a, p. iiS. 
*S««a. I, p. 111. 



328 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

Luzancy's booke * is i» - 6^. I have no more home Newes to send you 
save only that att our Assizes in Oxon last weeke there was an unusual 
tryall sc: a schoUer (late of Corpus Christi College) was try'd for 
breakeing through some walls or passages to gett to one of y^ Fellows 
chambers w<^ he design'd to knock in y® head as he lay in bed & did 
accordingly attempt it w^ an hami* whose handle very fortunately 
broke of after 3 or 4 blows & so y« man sav'd his life * : & is pretty well 
recovered, but the Assailer was condemned by Judge Rainaford' but 
some say he has lately gott a repreive, if he have not one speedily heel 
go downe y® Carlile way *. Two of our Fellowes (sc. Tho: Wards son 
of Kendall* & one Tho: Troughere's son of Aspatry in Cumberland') 
are come downe with Bumyatts^ this journey. I suppose theyll be up 
againe in October. One I> Nicholson * a Tabiter is also come downe. 

^ See n. 3, p. aai. * 

' ' July 15, Friday, John Bradshaw, a Kentish man, a scolar of C. C. Coll., 
broke into the cockle loft and so into the chamber of John Weeks the fellow ; 
took away 25J. and then went to knock Mr. Weeks on the head with a hamer, he 
being in bed ; but the head fell off and so he was saved. Bradshaw expelled ; put 
in the castle ; condemned to be hanged 27 July ; repreived ; he continued a prisoner 
an yeare. Newlin son of parson Newlin plotted with him ; atheists. Bradshaw 
continued in prison an yeare; and sent away; teaches school in Kent 1679-80. 
John Weeks exhibited to John Bradshaw^s studies : but Bradshaw was ungratefuU 
and atheistical ; brok into his chamber and took away that money that was intended 
for him.* (Clark's Wood's Life and Times, ii. 379.) 

' Richard Rainsford (1605-80) matriculated from Exeter College 13 Dec. 163a, 
recorder of Daventry 1630, called to the bar at Lincoln's Inn 1633, treasurer 1660, 
recorder of Northampton 1653, M.P. for Northampton 1660, seijeant-at-law 1660, 
baron of the exchequer and knighted 1663, justice of the king's bench 1668-9, 
lord chief justice 1676 till 1678 when he was removed to make room for Sir William 
Scroggs. His eldest son Richard entered Queen*s College as Upper Commoner 
14 May, matriculated 15 June, 1657, M.P. for Northampton 1685, died 17 March, 
1703-3. The judge's life is in D, N, B, 

* See Additional Notes. 

* William Ward, son of Thomas, b. at Kirkland, Westmorland, entered Queen's 
College as battler 14 Dec. 1666, matriculated 33 Feb. 1666-7, aged ^^'* elected 
taberdar 17 Oct. 1670; proceeded B.A. 37 May, 1671 ; M.A. 34 Oct. 1674 J elected 
fellow 3 Feb. 1675-6; rector of Hampton Poyle, Oxon. 1680-3, and of Skelton in 
Cumberland 1683-1711. 

* John Througheare, Trougheare, Troheere, Trohere or Troughere ent* Queen's 
College as battler 13 Apr. 1666, matric. 35 May, son of Thomas, b. at Aspatria, 
Cumberland, aged 17, elected taberdar 17 October, 1670; proceeded B.A. 10 Dec. 
1670, M.A. 16 May 1674, elected fellow 10 Dec 1674, died while still fellow 
3 Apr. 1685. Wood, who was angry with him for procuring the re-election of 
Thomas Crosthwaite (see n. 2, p. 333) to the principalship of Edmund Hall, 
calls him a scandalous fellow and says that he died of drinking brandy. {Life and 
Times, ed. Clark, iii. 116, 137.) ^ See n. 4, p. 15. 

* D* is for Dominns prefixed to the name of a Bachelor to distinguish him from 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 229 

If I had any more Newes to send you, I should be so fan* from lookeing 

upon it as a trouble (as you pretend in yo' last) to communicate it, 

that to do it shall be the desire of S^ yo' assured freind & Serv* 

Tho: Dixon. 
These 

For the WorPfull Daniel Fleming 

Esquire at Rydall Hall 

@ Westmoreland. 



CXXXIII. 
Rev. Thomas Machell^ to Daniel Fleming (1905). 

If all other Gendemen were of your minde, there would be no 
fear of sufficient encouragem* : But, w**^ som, my Queries • finde cold 
reception ; & those who are backward in their Informations, will not 
be too forward in their contributions. However (S'.) I haue don my 
Duty in dispersing these Queries, & setting a Publi^designe on foote 
for the Honour of my Countrey : which, if it goe forwards, shal haue 
my assistance as far as may be ; but if I finde That they are not as 
willing to giue Information as I am to receiue It — voluisse sat est — 
I haue better Imploym*, and I hope can finde som other Divertisment. 
However I thanke you for your good opinion, & the Fauour you 

t Master who would be called M' and from an undergradoate who would have no 
prefix to hU surname. At the buttery hatch Nicholson^s commons would even at 
the present day be called for as Sir Nicholson*!. William Nicholson entered 
Queen's College as a batler 25 June, 1670, matriculated i July, b. at Plumbland, 
ion of Joseph, minister, was elected 3 Feb. 1675-6 ' ad munns pauperis pneri sen 
scholaris de Taberdi,* taberdar or tabiter as it seems then to have been spelt 
He proceeded B.A. 23 Feb. 1675-6, M. A. 3 July, 1679, and was elected fellow 
6 Nov. in the same year. He became vicar of Torpenhow and canon of Carlisle in 
1681, archdeacon 1682, rector of Salkeld in the same year, vicar of Addingham 
1699. ^^ ^^ bishop of Carlisle from 1702 to 1718, and of Derry from 1718 to 
1727, and was nominated to the archbishopric of Cashel bnt died before his 
enthronement. He was created D.D. by diploma 25 June, 1702. His life is in 
Athena^ iv. 434, and in D, iV. B, He is henceforth a prominent person in the 
Kydal Papers. His will is in Cumberland and Westmorland Transactions , iv. 9. 
His portrait, a copy by W. Miln of the original by Fayer, is at Rose Castle and at 
Queen's College. He was a voluminous author. 

* Seen. 2, p. 214. 

' See n. 4, p. 215. 



230 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

promiss in Answering my Papers; & when I com down into y« 
Countrey you may be sure of a troublesom visit, from 

Q. Coll. O. ) ^ 

Aug. lo. > Your most humble 

'^^ ' and affectionate 

Servant 

T. Machsll. 

I giue you many thankes for y' Deed *. 

It brought me a names of my old acquaintance, 

w«h I formerly met w**^ in my Father's Evidences 

in Cartis S. D.' You shal comm^ it again when you please. 

I would willingly know how Ridal is writ in Cartis Antif} 

Wee thanke you for your P'sent sent to the College * ; I put it vp 

yesterday in the Archives'. 

These 
To Daniel Fleming £s^ 
att Rydal-Hall near Kendall 
in Westm'land. 
p^sent 



CXXXIV. 

Dr. Timothy Halton* to Daniel Fleming (1906). 
Sr 

Amongst those of other friends I am very much ingaged for y' 
kind wishes w<^ accompany mee in that trust w^^ the College was 
pleased to committ unto mee. I hope I shall behaue myselfe so in it, 
that I shall not wholy fall short of my duty and the expectation of my 
freinds. I thanke you for yr kind p^sent to the College *. Be pleased 
to continue the fauors w<^b you beare both to it & to 
Qu: CoU. Oxoli, Yr most humble serv* 

Ang. 3. 77- TiMo: Halton 

^ See the postscript to CXXXI. 

' None of the formulae for which S. D. usually stands will suit the context 
Perhaps Suae DomAs. 

* Rydal is so spelt in the earliest documents. D. F. believed it to have been 
deriTed from Rowthey or Rotha Dale from the name of the stream which 
waters it. 

^ The China- Almanack. 

• See n. 5, p. aao. 
' See Appendix G. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 231 



CXXXV. 

Rev. Thomas Dixon to Daniel Flebung (1929). 

Ox^ Nov: 5 (77) 
Honored S» 

Seeing you were pleas'd to add one late obIig£c6n to all yo^ 

former by sending a noble Token ^ to M' Machell & my self. I think 

my self really bound to repeat my thanks & to acknowledge that 

in writeing, which I despair of requiteing, and for which I should 

blush to offerr at a retaliation, if I were not assured that yo' goodness 

would be as ready to pardon defects as 'tis to conferr kindnesses. Yo' 

Present to y® College is (according to what I hinted in my last) laid 

up in y« Archives ^ : where 'tis as secure from being stolen, as from 

being read and und'stood. The Bp of Lincohis ' Bookes (w^ filled 

10 waggons) were remov'd to Bugden^ 3 weekes ago, but he himself 

continues wiih us still, upon w<^ some made an Animadversion That 

he was no hard Student of late, because he did not follow his Bookes. 

Wee long to see him a Student againe, but wee doubt heel set up his 

staff with us this winter, seeing Madam tellus (to borrow an expression 

from a Northern Orbilius ') is already clad in white. I Suppose you 

have heard that Mr Machell is upon his year of Grace, haveing gott 

Kirkby Thure • in y® North. He is not return'd to Ox6n since he was 

in y« North. So that I joyn'd our Token with Mr Musgrave's^ 

' See n. i, p. iia. 

* Seen. 5, p. 220. 

' Thomas Barlow, see CXXXII, p. 227, and n. 4, p. 197. 

* Or Backden, formerly the site of the principal palace of the bishops of Lincoln. 
' 'Memini quae plagosum mihi parvo Orbilimn dictare.* Horace, EpisU 

II. i. 70. 

* Kirkby Thore, five miles north-west of Appleby, perhaps the Brovonacae 
or Braboniacnm of the NotUiay an interesting place to an antiquary like Machell, 
who made some discoveries while he was rector. The living was in the gift of the 
Earls of Thanet. Machell was rector there for twenty- two years. 

^ Thomas Musgrave, sixth and youngest son of Sir Philip Musgrave of Edenhall 
(n. 5, p. 131), and brother of Christopher (n. 5, p. 28) and of Simon (n. 5, p. 40, 
and LXXV, p. 157), entered Queen's College as Commoner 15 Dec. 1656, and was 
matriculated the following 10 March, baronetti fil. He was elected Pauper puer 
15 July, 1659, proceeded B.A. 26 July, 1659, M.A. 5 May, 1662, was elected 
fellow 12 Dec 1662. He was rector of Salkeld, Cumberland, 1669, canon and 
archdeacon of Carlisle 1669, canon of Durham and rector of Whitburn, co. 
Durham, 1675, canon of Chichester 1681, and dean of Carlisle 30 Sept. 1684, 



232 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

6 Mr Lamplughs^ and took in his friend Mr Nanson of Apleby * in his 
roome. Mr Crpstwhaite' & Mr Mill* are both at Exeter*. The former 
went along with y® £p ' in his Visitacdh the la$t Sumer. The Duke 
of Buckingham^ (who is Steward for y® Citty of Oxford & has been att 
Woodstock* w^ the Earle of Rochester* & other Nobles this fortnight is 

until his death a8 March, 1686. He was created 6.D. and D.D. 10 Oct 1685. 
He was buried in Durham Cathedral. He married firstly Mary, daughter of Sir 
Thomas Harrison, Knight, by Margaret daughter of Lord Darcy, by whom he had 
one daughter Margaret, and secondly Anne daughter of Sir John Craddock, 
Knight, by whom he left no issue. A nephew of his, Philip, son of Sir Christopher, 
had entered as Upper Commoner in the previous July, and matriculated on Dec. 15. 
It was probably on his account that the Token came from the archdeacon. 

^ John Lamplugh entered Queen's College 33 April, and matriculated 37 May, 
1636. He was eldest son of John Lamplugh of Lamplugh, and entered Gra/s 
Inn 9 Feb. 164a, after the death of his father in 1636. He is the Colonel 
Lamplugh referred to in n. 9, p. 5. His eldest son was Thomas, who entered 
Queen*s College as commoner 19 May, and matriculated 33 June, 1676, aged 18. 
It was on his account that the Token had been sent, probably by the lather. 

' Philip Nanson entered Queen's College as battler 8 July, and was matriculated 
14 July, 1665, aged 18. He was son of Robert Nanson, and bom at Appleby. 
He was elected Pauper puer 11 December, 1669, proceeded B.A. the following 
8 February, and M.A. a8 June, 1673. In the list of fellows in the College 
Entrance Book he appears as having been elected fellow in the first term of 1674, 
on the same day as Thomas Dixon (see n. i, p. 315), but the election is not 
recorded in the College Register. He became rector of Newnham with Maple* 
durwell, Hants, 1679, and of Dogmersfield in the same county in 1680. 

' For Crosthwaite see n. a, p. 333. 

^ John Milne entered Queen's Coll^;e as batler 18 October, and matriculated 
14 Nov. 1661 , aged 16. He was son of Thomas Milne, and bom at Shap, Westmor* 
land. He was elected < in pauperem puerum ' 33 June, 1663, proceeded B.A. 
3 May, 1666, and M.A. 9 Nov. 1669. He was elected < in scholarem perpetuum 
sen socium' 17 October, 1670. His name first appears as Mill in the College 
Books where he signs his name at the election of Timothy Halton to be provost, 

7 April, 1677. (See Appendix G.) He became chaplain to Lamplugh, bp. of 
Exeter, and prebendary of that cathedral 1677, rector of Bletchington 1681, 
proceeded KD. 8 July, 1680, and D.D. 8 December, 1681. He was appointed 
Principal of EdmuDd Hall 1685, and Prebendary of Canterbury 1704. He was 
chaplain in ordinary to Charles IL He died 33 June, 1707. His edition of the 
Textus Receptus of the Greek Testament was not superseded till towards the close 
of the nineteenth century. Heame has much about him. 

' Where apparently they were both chaplains to Bishop Lamplugh. 

* i. e. Lamplugh, for whom see n. 3, p. 131. 

^ See n. 3, p. 133. He was made High Steward of Oxford, 1669. 
' Rochester was made Keeper of Woodstock Paric 1674, <u^d ^^ At the 
Ranger's Lodge there 36 July, 1680, in his 33rd year. 

* John Wilmot (1648-80), second Earl of Rochester, succeeded to the peemge on 
his father's death at Dunkirk 19 Feb. 1657, matriculated from Wadham Collegei 
Oxford, 1660, and was created M.A. at the age of 13 years; a notorious pro- 
fligate. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 233 

expected att Ox6& this weeke where he is to beentertain'd by the Citty 

with banquets & Speeches, which will afford matter both for y« Duke 

himself & also for our University Witts (the next Act) to descant upon. 

To send you any other newes would be to send Coales to Newcastle, 

and therefore I befear ' & subscribe myself 

S^ Yof obleiged Freind ft Servant 

Tho: Dixon. 

I design'd to send this to you 

by Bumyats' on Nov. i : but 

was disappointed by his unexpected These 

comeing away : Since he left us For the WorPfiill Daniel 

Buckingham gave y® Town a Fleming Esquire 

visitt. att Rydall Hall 

@ Westmoreland 



CXXXVI. 
Daniel Fleming to Sir Joseph Williamson* (1931). 

Rydal, Nov. 30, 77. 

Noble S', 

Although many do esteem it a more generous thing to begg in 
y« behalfe of a friend then to move for one selfe, yet y« contrary 
I beleive is more in fashion. The Death of y« late Arch-Bishop * will 
surely make great alterations in our Church preferments ; & many who 
wish well both to our Church & state (& have also a reall kindness for 
Queens College) hope that my Lord of London" will be translated unto 
Canterbury, which may occasion many removes. It may be presumed, 
that y« Bishops of Carlile* & Chester', & y« Dean of Durham', do 

^ Befear seems to be a word invented by Dixon. It is not found in Murray nor 
in the Dialect Dictionary. 
' See n. 4, p. 15. 
' This is a draft in D. F.'s handwriting. 

* Gilbert Sheldon, archbishop of Canterbury, died at Lambeth 9 Nov. 1677, 
and was buried in the church at Croydon in Surrey. His death made no vacancies 
among the bishops as his successor was William Sancroft, dean of Saint PauFs. 

' Henry Comptoo, for whom see n. 3, p. 197. He died bp. of London 

7 July, 1713. 

* Edward Rainbow, for whom see n. 3, p. 174. He died bp. of Carlisle 
a6 March, 1684. 

^ John Pearson, author of An Exposition of the Crud, He died bp. of Chester 
16 July, 1686. 

* John Sudbury. He died dean of Durham in 1684. 



234 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

(some of them at y« least) expect to be advanced ; & why our worthy 
Dean of Carlile ^ may not hope to succeed one of them, (when he hath 
so kind & real a Friend as yourselfe in Court, ft when so many of his 
juniors have outgone him in preferment rather then Parts) I know 
no reason to y« Contrary, These are my owne private wishes, which 
I have presumed to commimicate onely unto yourselfe. So long as you 
& I live I shall adventure sometimes to trouble you with my Letters, 
& shall dayly pray for your health, & happiness; which is y^ best 
service that can be performed for you, by Dear Sir 

Your most obliged affectionate 
For Mr Secretary & obedient servant 

These D. F. 

If y« Dean of Carlile be advanced, 

Mr Tho. Musgrave • would fitly succeed him. 



CXXXVII. 
Rev. Thomas Dixon to Daniel Fleming (2014). 

OzoQ May j* a. 
HONOU^D S^, 

Yor late lines (dated May y« 4*^) give me a new occasion of 
thanking of you not only for them, but also for the honour & service 
you did me in yC recomendaccSi of me to S' George Fletcher*. I 
fancied you were instrumentall in directing him in his choice, & 
Mr Provost was pleas'd to second you therein*, So that I have a double 
obligac<Sh upon me to looke after him: and I shall endeavour to discharge 
both. As for the time of yo^ Sons comeing up, I think the next terme * 
(w<^ begins on y® 30**^ of this month & ends about the 13 of July) 
may be a proper & beneficiall time for his admittance, because those 
of y« foundation " who are entrcd in that Terme (if they lose no time) 

^ Thomas Smith. He sacceeded Rainbow as bp. of Carlisle, bat not till 1684. 

• See n. 7, p. 331. 

' See n. i, p. 5. The choice was of a tator for his son Henzy. 

* Trinity or Act Term, which at this time began on the Wednesday after Trinity 
Sunday, and ended on the Saturday after the Comitia, or later if so decreed by the 
Congregation of Regents. For the Comitia or Act see Appendix L It was held 
on the Monday after the seventh of July. 

. ' L e. those who hoped as B.A.S to become taberdars, and as M.A.S fellows. 



^^Bfo oat > 
P^" to their 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



¥ 



fp oat Master that time eight yeares', & by that meanes come sooner 
to their Regency' (w"^!" compleats Iheir Degree) than others who are 
entred in any other terme. Heel gett the Terme if hees entred in any 
part of it even ihe last day : heel surely shake hands with his Ague ' 
before it goe out. Tho' you designe him for a foundation man, yet 
perhaps you may have some thoughts of makeing him a Coihoner for 
some time as Mr Musgrave* (the Archdeacon of Carlile) was, who gott 
3* slavery & trouble of being poor child 3 or 4 yeares over, by waiteing 
att ye high table 3 weekes or a month or some such thing". I beleive 
Mr Provost will advise you for die best if you consult him, or entertaine 
any doubts hereupon. But perhaps I have rais'd a scruple where there 
is none & shall therefore forbear. I perceive Mr Stewardson' brings 
up Mr Simpson's^ son this weeke, so that wee shall have choice of 



' Inceplion or ihe finiJ process of becoming a Misler of Arts, at ChU time only 
took place once in Ifac year at the Act. Dixon's calcululion urns at fixing the 
Ittest time in Ihe academical year at which a man conld enter so as to enable him 
jnit to be qoalified to incept at the Act of the year in which he became of 
■tuuUog to proceed M.A. Dixon conots his eight yeais inclusively, ai Fleming 
incepted in 1G85. 

* Rc£ency literally mean! keeping school. Foi two yean after proceeding to 
lu* degree a Master of Arts was bound to keep Khool, or, aa the phrau: was, wal 
a necessary regent. By the time the Liudian Statutes were passed one of the two 
^eail was ccgu!arly dispensed with, but down to recent times a trace of this 
obligatioo remained in the call from time lo lime made 00 Masterv of Arts to come 
and make Dp a honse in the Congrejjation of Regents, wherein degrees are ordinarily 
coatened. The admission of loceptors to Regency took place immediately 
after the Act in each year. The Regents ad placitnm who with the necessary 
Regents cooslitoted the Congregation were the Professors and Public Lecturers, the 
RsidenI Doctors, the heads of Colleges or their depnties, the Masters of the 
Schools, the Deans and Censors of Colleges. Dispensation from the second year 
of necessary Regency did not exclude such necessary Regents from the Con- 



' See p. 17 for another in 
" « n. T, p 



:e of ague at Rydal. 



* Egleafield's statutes prescribed that except on the greatest feast days the fellowi 
■boold dispute during meals with the poor boys, 'lam in prandio quam in ccena 
Opponant Magistri sedentes in mensa dictis panperihns.' After the disputations 
the boys retired for their meal to a side table. The ' waiteing att y* high table' is 
peibapt • relic of this practice. See Additional Notes. 

' James Simpson, jnnior, mercer, was admitted a frei;man of Kendal 1660, He 
m* Mayor of Kendal in 1670 and again in 1681. lie occuts as one of the Senior 
Aldermen in Charl« II's chatter granted to Kendal in 1684. \,A Bake eff ReiariU 
af KirlAititadall, edited by Chancellor Fergnson, Kendal, iSgi, pp. 15, 61, 3<S£.) 
A claoic of his wilt, dated 1697, is printed p. igo of the tame volume. Letten for 



Kydal were accustomed to be left at bis shop {Ji. P. J093, ai 



The son was 



336 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

Candidates for y^ foundation, yo^ Son will be y® same standing (in 

reference to Terms) w^ him, if he come up any time before Act^. 

The Earle of Carlisle's Son * has newly putt on his gowne in Christ 

Church. There are severall hundreds of Dragoons * in Oz6&. Some 

rencounters happen now & then between them ft y^ Scbollars, a 

Comoner of o^ house was wounded lately by one of them \ The 

diflference between y« University ft y« Town* is not yet composed or 

att an end I am S^ yo^ Serv^ 

Tho: Dixon. 



Richard, who entered Queen's College as batler 37 May, 1678, the same day as 
Henry Fleming, and matricolated aS Jnne of the same year, aged 16. He pro- 
ceeded B.A. 15 December, 1683, nnder iiHiich date Wood (JuuH, ii. 383) has this 
aocoont of him : — ' Son of James Simpson senior Alderman of the corporation of 
Kendal in Westmorland, was bom, and bred in the free school, there, and being 
pot aside from being tabarder of his coll. when batch, of aits, he retired to his 
native place in discontent, and there concluded his last day. He hath written 
Moral CoHsideraiiom iaiuking the Duty of ComUmtedmoss mmdor Afflictions, Oxon. 
1686, in 6 sh. in Oct. Written by way of letter to the most affectionate and best 
of frithers Mr. Jam. Simpson. To tins letter are added TVm Prayers^ one for 
Submission to the divine fVill, another for ConitfUment, This ingenious and 
religions young man died in his &ther^s house, so Deoemb. 1684, and was buried 
the day following in the middle isle of the parish church of Kendal before mentioned, 
on the west side of the pulpit' 

^ Henry Fleming, entered as baUer 37 May, 1678, and matricnlatcd 34 July of 
the same year. He did not reach Oxford tiU July 30, see CXLIIL 

' Frederick Christian Howard, son of Charles, Earl of Carlisle, bom at Copen- 
hagen, admitted to Christ Church 16 May, 1678, aged 13 ; slain at the si^e of 
Lnxembeig 17 Oct. 1684. (Foster, AL Ox, s.y.) 

' It appears from Wood's Life and Times, ed. Clark, iL 404, 413, 433, 434, that 
Dragoons (Red coates) were quartered in Oxford May, 1678; they left Oxford 
37 June and returned 3 July. ' About the 5th of November one of them was clapt 
up in the Castle as suspected to be either a preist or a monke.' Being very 
vigilant 37 Nov. to quendi a fire they had 5// given to them as a reward. Dec 6, 
a programma was stuck up in every College hall under the vioechanoellor^s hand 
that no scholar abuse the soldiers (dragoons under Sir John Talbot*s commands) in 
the night watdies that they keep at the Gild Hall, Peniless Bench and at most Inns 
doors where the officers lye. The burial of four soldiers is recorded lb. 439. The 
story of a tailor's wife being killed by a dragoon b told ib. p. 433. It appears 
from a letter of Sir John Lowther {R, P, 1951) that a regiment of foot consisted of 
1000 men, a regiment of horse of 490, and a regiment of dragoons of 960. 

« See Additional Notes. 

* The story of the origin of this dispute which arose from a quarrel, 4 Aug. 1677* 
between George Barbour, a proproctor of Oriel College, and a citizen called Philip 
Dodwell is told by Wood, Life and Times, ed. Claric, iL 381. It was Tuesday, 
Oct. 30, 1678, before there was ' a hearing at Westminster between the two bodies, 
who were ordered to compromise the business among themaelves ; and so there was 
an end of DodweU'k business.' (ib.4ai.) See also ib. 403. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 237 

Yor Nephew Fletcher^ prsents his duty to you; Heel let you know 
bow he likes Oz6& one of these dayes. 

These 

For the WorPfuU 
Daniel Fleming 
Esquire att 
Rydall-HaU 
forward 3d ■ fig) Westmoreland. 

To be sent by the Post to 
Lancast' & so to Kendall 
pd to London 2^' 



CXXXVIII. 
Sir Jossph Williamson to Daniel Fleming (aoaa). 

Whitehall j* 18. May. 78. 

Dears S^ 

I am sensible how extremely to blame I am to haue been so long 
in acknowledgeing seuerall of yo^ fau'". It's possible I might haue 
something to plead in my excuse, But I had rather much charge 
myselfe w*^ y« whole fault & to put myselfe upon yo* kindnesse to 
pardon it. Onely I must beg y° will doe me y^ right not to thinke it 
could be, or eu' shall be want of esteeme & resp* for you. 

I am farre from forgetting Mr Deane of Carlisle. I have too great 
obligations to his ancient kindnesse & fau', to forgett him ; & I am 
extremely troubled that he has pleased to seprate himselfe so wholely 
& so long from all his friends & Seru*« who had othrwise made 
themselues sure of expresseing long ere this their value & service for 

' Henry Fletcher, entered Qneen*s College as Upper Commoner 25 April, 1678, 
and matricalated 10 June, aged 16. He was eldest son of Sir George Fletcher 
(for whom see n. i, p. 5) by his first wife. He was M.P. for Cockermonth 
1689-90. He succeeded his father as third baronet 23 July, 1700. He settled his 
estate on a distant cousin, Thomas Fletcher, of Moresby, and retired into a 
monastery of English monks at Douay where he died unmarried 19 May, 171 a, 
when the baronetcy became extinct. After Thomas Fletcher's death Hutton went 
to a son of his sister Catharine who married Lionel Vane. The son Henry took 
the name of Fletcher- Vane, and a nephew was created baronet in 1786. (G. £. C.*s 
Baronetage^ ii. 83.) 

' These words are in a different hand. The letter went to London, and then 
via Lancaster to Kendal. The postage was 2(L to London and yL from London 
to KendaL 

» Seen. 3, p. 213. 



238 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

him. I beg y^ will doe me y^ fau' to p^sent my humble seruice 

& resp^ to him & to assm-e him of my etemall gratitude & esteeme for 

him. And for yo'selfe to belieue I am euer most truely 

Deare S^ 

Yo' most humble & faithful! 

Sera* J. Williamson 
Mr Flemming. 

CXXXIX. 
Rev. Thomas Dixon to Daniel Fleming (2026). 

OxOT May y* 28 (78) 

Worthy S^ : 

In answer to your last by y« Post I writt to you on y« 20*^ of this 
month, att w<^ time I gave you the best informac^ I could concerning 
y« most convenient time for yo^ Son to come up in after his recovery : 
but upon sight of yo^ letter to Mr Stewardson * (and his pposeall of y« 
thing) wee have taken new measures, and seeing yo' Son was Senior in 
y« Class to the other two' w^^^ Mr Stewardson brought up, I gott leave 
of Mr Provost to enter yo^ Son first on y« same side, (sc. amongst the 
Baders") So (through Mr Provosts favour & kindness) heel have 
Seniority let him come when he pleases. Yet I would not have 
him to lose the ensueing Terme, wcb (as I told you in my last) begins 
on Thursday next & ends just after Act The sooner he comes up 
the better. The Provost designs to go to London shortly but heel be 
back againe in a weeke or ten dayes time. After his retume wee 
shall have an election for Tabiters *. I have no oth' newes to send you 

' See n. i, p. 3x6. 

' The two brought up by Mr. Stewardson were Richard Simpson for whom see n.7, 
p. 335, and Robert Harrison, who entered Qneen's College as a batler 27 May, 1678, 
and matriculated with Simpson 28 June of the same year, aged 15. He proceeded 
B.A. the same day as Simpson 15 Dec. 1682, and his record is thus given by Wood 
{Fastij ii. 383) : — 'the son of Joh. Har. of the corporation of Kendal, hath written 
A strange Relation of the sudden and violent Tempest ^ which hapned at Oxford^ 
May 31. An, 1682. Together with an Enquiry into the probable cause and usual 
Consequences of such like Tempests and Storms, Oxon. 1682. He hath also 
written another book, which is not yet extant, entit. Mercurius Oxonio-Aca^ 
demicuSf &c. taken mostly from Hist, 6f* Antiq, Unvv, Oxon, and said to be 
written by a well-wisher to astron. and astrology. He is now schoolmaster of 
Carlisle.' The Rektion of the Tempest is in Bodley, Wood 515 (33). 

* In the Entrance Book Henry Flemming's {sic) name comes as batler before 
Simpaon and Harrison who entered the same day. 

* Julij 1^ 1678. Die et Anno snpradictis electi sunt in Panpeies Paeros (sine 



■ THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD ^^ 

P but what J* Bearer will acquaint you with, I suppose yor Nephew 
Fletcher' has by him fulfill'd ypmiss W^*" I made in my last. I hope 
heel tell you that He likes Oxford well, wee have gott him a chamber 
in S^ Josephs new building', w«l> is very convenient; and I do question 
but heel make good use of it, for he is very civill & studious (as well 
as good natar'd) hitherto. The Bp of Oxoh' bestow'd a Book upon 
him lately, & has threaten'd to make him repeal Verses in y» Theater 
next Act but this. 'Tis doubted whether wee shall have an Act this 
year or no for want of a D' in Divinity *. There's a new Booke in 
ye press att y» Theater (entidd The Christians -Birth-right or the 
Divine Originall of y» Scriptures) written by y Author of y« whole 
Duty of Man ', S"" Joseph is sending a of our Tabiters to Iravell, one 

Tkberdarios) hsjiia Collegij Jo: Scott, Tho: Clarke, Aat: AdlsoD, Lcocardna Smith 
« Jot: Fither. Scott qaidcni AdiiOQ & Smilh nnariimi omnimn coosensa ; leliqni 
duo per majorem parleiD e1«clomin, et prsslilo Jnlnmeulo de Slatutib observBiidli, 
proximo die admiisj erant Scott, Clnrke e( Adisoii. Smith vera admiasui S-° die 
icapalj. Fishei a. qaim cit6 racallates dictj Colleglj suEBcere vidcbiint', adinit- 
Indiu. Fisher adiniuns eiat Maj' j*. 1679. (Coll. Reg.) 
' Seen. I. p. J37- 

* 'That peat [Uleof bm1dui|;s erected In the place ofcCTtaki old Lodgings which 
stood heyood md on the Dorth side of the College, was erected io the fear 167), 
U the durge and cost of Sir Joseph Williamson, KL L.L.D. Fellow of this College, 
■nd since Secietaiy of State.' (Wood't Colleges and Halls, ed. Catch, i. 151.) 
The building 1> in Loggan's pictnre of the College in the lower rtgbt-hand coniet. 
It forms the north.eastem comer of the College and is now incorporated with the 
snbscqoent buildings and forms the eastetnmost hnlf of itaircasei 3 and 4 in the back 
qnadiangle. Williamson's crest, which with his arms formerly appeared under 
the pediment now facing eastwards, may still be seen under a niche on the notthem 
front of his bailding. Besides defraying the cost of this bailding, and many other 
gifts dniing his life, he also bequeathed 6000/. for bnildings. 

* John Fell, for whom see n. j, p. iiS, 

* ' 10 June, M., voted in Convocation that no Act should be celebrated this 
jeare, nnder pretence that there wb3 no Doctor proceeded; bat the Im reason was, 
thai {the town and Universitie being at vuiiince) the Universitie woald not 
contribute tchtheir enrichment, to piack ont the Univenitie's eyes. I heard this at 
the BalhiTh. joth June. — Another reason was that the red coat dragoons watched 
ind warded every night and kept guard at their officers' doon. and the University 
knew not but that ihey might abuse the strangers thai came to the Act.' ^Wood's 
Ijft and Tint!, ed. Clark, ii. 408.) 

' The Lively Oracles given to ns, or The Christians Birth-righl and Dnty, io the 
coitody and use of the Holy Scripture, By the Author of the Whole Dnty o( 
Mao, &c Searih the ScTiplures, Jo. j. 39. At the Theater in Oxford, 1678. 
(Bodleian S°.) It has an engraved title by Burghers, representing on angel 
toacbing Isaiah's month with a coal off a rather pagan altar. It bai the 
Inipriroalnr of Jo. Nicholas Vice Conceit. Oxon. The anlbor was almost certainty 
Richard AUesiree, for whom see n. i, p. 144. It went to at least five editions 
between 167S and 1713, and the lecood edition, that of 1679, was leprinled at 



a40 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

(sc: I> Nicholson^) into Germany, & another (sc: I> TonstaB*) into 
France. I am 

S' Yo^ most obleiged Freind 

& bumble Servant 

Tho: Dixon. 
To 

The WorPfull Daniel 

Fleming £s<^ att 

Rydall-haU 

6n) Westmoreland 

These p^sent. 

CXL. 
Rev. Thomas Dixon to Daniel Fleming (2029). 

Ozofi June tiie 18 C7S). 

Honored S' 
I rec^ JO'S 2 dayes ago by one of those many Travellers who 
tooke Oxoh in their way to London of late. The inclosed I delivei'd 
according to their respective directions. M' Provost p^sents his 
Service & respects to you. I fancy the kindness you thankt him 
for in yo^ last is but a praeludium to those greater ones he has in store 
for you. And for my owne share you have already by yo^ obligScons 
anticipated all the favors I can show eith' you or yo». So that so 
small a Curtesy as my last was (especially considering that my father 
had seconded yo^ engagem** by his injunctions in relation to yo' 
welfare & concerns) needed not so large an acknowledgem^ (if any 
att all) from you. As to the Bookes that may be requisite for yo' Son 
to bring up with him, several! Schoole-Bookes (whether of Poetry, 
Greeke & Latin, or Oratory or for Languages) will be usefull for him. 

London in 1833. For the discussion of the anthoiship of this book and the other 
works of the author of the Whole Doty of Man see Dr. Macn/s article on 
Dorothy, Lady Pakingtoo, inD.JV.B, 

^ See n. 8, p. 338. 

* Antony TonstaU entered Queen's Colle^ as batler 8 May, and was matriculated 
17 May, 1673, aged 17. He was son of Nicholas, bom at Selshyde, Cumberland, 
according to the University Register, but probably at Selside near Kendal in West- 
morland. He proceeded B.A. 4 July, 1677, '^ ^'^'^ elected * in pauperem puerum ' 
10 July, 1677. He proceeded M. A. 8 July, 1680, and was elected fellow 6 November, 
and admitted 31 December, 1680. He was made prebendary of Exeter by Bishop 
Lamplugh 33 Oct. 1686, and presented by the same bishop to the rectory and 
vicarage of Cheriton Bishop in 1687, but died while still a £ellow in his year of 
grue 13 Jan. 1687-8. His will was proved at Oxford i Feb. of the same year. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



a+i 



I need not name any, because I know not what he has read or is 
iiiniisb'd withall, but Mr Stewardson' 15 able to direct you herein. If 
the Lenicona or Dictionaries (or any other Bookes of a generall use) 
which be has, be useful! atr p'^sent (o; may be serviceable in a short time) 
(0 any of yo^ other diildren, wee can have them as cheap (or cheaper) 
Aan any j-ou can send for & save the expence of carriage. Since 
money was scarce ' Bookes of all sorts are growne pretty plentifull alt 
the second hand in y Stationers Shops. So that I ihink it will not 
be convenient to load the carrier w**" may bookes, the carriage of 
money being less burthensome. Yet I think it will not be amiss 
to furnish yo'' Son pretty well with cloathes both wollen & Linnen, 
ft particularly wii purple Couen for a studdying Gowne ' & wtli Sheets, 
as also w^l^ all y^ materialls & appurtenances of a bed (excepting 
feathers & hangings). AH which may be safely sent (any weeke) by 
jF* Kendall carrier* to Nordiampton & so by one Hickman* to Oxon, or 
else Bumyaits * (who 1 suppose will be for OxiSR shortly now) may take 
care of ihcm if he can bring them in lime. He usually comes up 
before Act, and (if he come alt all) he is like to come up before Act 
this year, because wee are to have none : It was put to f Convocation 
whether wee should have one or no, and it was carried in y^ Negative 
Bjr aa hnndred votes & upwards^. The Masters of Art were not 



» • The English cnrrency at the dose of the seventeenth centnry eonliined coins 
that trCDl iMck to th« Planugciiets, coins of the debused issues of Heary VIII and 
Uwaxl VI, coins of all countries in Ibe world. It ni 1 sort of Dumismatic 
criiibiliofi, to iUnstrite GiCBham'i taw, that bad money drives odi good. The 
newci-inilled iDoney issued since 1663 wu of course hontded or exported ; and the 
more of it issued, Ibe higher was the prciDtum od clipping the old light mooey, 
the ' hammered ' coins, or melting down and eipoitiog the new broad pieces. It 
has been with good reason doubled " if all the misery inflicted in a quarter of 
a century by bad Kings, bad Ministers, bad ParliamenU and bad Judge: was e<]ual 
to the misery canted in a single year by bad crowns and bad shillings "■' (A. L. 
Smith, in Traill's Si>Hai England, it. 517 »q.) We shall find many references in 
the Fleming letters to Ibc Inconveniences caused by this lUte of things. 

' Probably a sort of loose morning gown or dreuing gown, not his academic 
diMt wbicfa would no! be of conon. 

' i. e. Ibc carrier from Kendal 10 London via Northampton. Mis name is given 
by Robert Newman (see n, a, p. 143) as Grimwood in R. P. 1913. Below in 
OOIV D. F. calls him Greenwood. Among the fforeyners ffremen in A Beki 
»ff KtttHt ^ KiribiilitHdall ,'^. 11, is ' Rowland Grcenewood gen. sworiK freeman 
of this Bnrrough of Kirbby in Kendall 18'' of May Anno Dni 1687.' 

* He seems to have been carrier from Northampton to Oxford. 



• Seen. 



iP> 'S- 



* See n. 4. p- 339. The Register of Convocatioa, Mt. Bayne Idndly informs ni 
doe* not give the numbers of Ibe division. 



242 THE FLEMINGS JN OXFORD 

willing to favour y« Towne {"w^^ has been so cross of late) or to 
gratify them so farr as to make them amends by strangers for what 
they are like to sufiferr by Dragoons of whom they have rec^ litle or 
no pay as yet : They think it not safe to furnish them with weapons 
ag^ the University by enriching them & enableing them to carry on 
y« Suite * w<* they so vigorously pursue, but 'tis hoped the University 
will gett y« better when all's done. The Earle of Bridgewater • (who is 
our Steward) is very zealous for us & so are severall of y« Judges. 
Atkins * & Scroggs ^ (who was biass'd by the Duke of Bucks * who is 
Steward for y® Towne) were ag* us, but y« latter is remov'd to y* 
Kings Bench, & Bertie * (who succeeds him in y« Comon pleas) will be 
our Freind. 'Tis s^ also that y« Duke of Monmouth^ (who is 

^ See n. 5, p. J36. 

' John Egerton, second Earl of Bridgewater (1622-86) , Lord Lientenaat of 
Buckinghamshire 1660, High Steward of the University of Oxford 1663. 

' Sir Robert Atkyns (1621-1700), admitted to Lincoln*8 Inn 1638, odled to the 
bar 1645, M.P. for Evesham 1659, made K.B. at the Coronation of Charles II, 
M.P. for Eastlow and bencher 1661, recorder of Bristol, judge of the common 
pleas 1672, ceased to be a jndge 1679, resigned his recordership, lord chief baroo 
and speaker of the house of lords 1689, retired from speakerdiip 1694 and from 
judicial office 1695. His younger brother Edward (1630-98) was not maide a judge 
till 1679, preceded his elder brother as lord chief baron 1686 to 1689, when he refused 
to take the oath of allegiance to WiUiam III and resigned his office. Their lives 
and that of their father Sir Edward (i 587-1669), baron of the exchequer, and of 
Sir Robert*s son Sir Robert (1647-171 1), who wrote the ' Ancient and Present State 
of Gloucestershire,* are in />. M B, 

^ Sir William Scroggs, < one of the worst judges that ever disgraced the English 
bench,* was bom at Deddington, co. Oxon, the son of a butcher, matriculated from 
Oriel College 17 May, 1639, ^S^ '^> migrated to Pembroke College whence he 
proceeded B.A. 1640, M.A. 1643, entered Gray's Inn 22 Feb. 1640- 1, called to the 
bar 1653, bencher 1669, knighted 1660, made sergeant-at-law 1669, justice of 
common pleas 1676, lord chief justice 1678, presided at thirteen state trials in 
connexion with Oates*, Bedloe*s and Dangerfield's popish plot, in which he 
signalised himself by his violence and abuse of the Roman Catholic religion, 
became unpopular from procuring the acquittal of Sir George Wakeman the 
Queen's physician and three others who were tried with him, and from dis- 
charging the grand jury to prevent the Duke of York being indicted as a popish 
recusant, was impeached, but the impeachment came to nothing owing to the 
dissolution of parliament, removed from the bench 168 1, receiving a pension of 
J 500/. a year till his death 25 Oct 1683. 

* See n. 3, p. 132. He was now High Steward of the city of Oxford, see 
n. 7, p. 232. 

* See n. i, p. 210. 

* James Crofts, or Scott, bastard son of King Charles II or of Algernon Sydney 
by Lucy Walters (1649-85), was Chancellor of the University of Cambridge from 
x674to 1682. The Dukes of Buccleuch are descended from his son, who preserved 
his Scotch title in right of his mother in spite of the father's attainder. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 343 



^BChancellour for Cambritlge, whose priviledgca stand or fall wilh ours 
^^ n to y* matter in debate) will act what he can in j'e bussincss by his 
ialercession to y« King : The Vice Chancellour ' and Vf Wallis ' are 
both ail London about it. One Mr Ven' ffellow of Baliol was chosen 
Master of that College lately, D' Go6d being dead*. One D"" Croyden' 
(Canon of Christchurch) dy'd on Friday last, & 'lis credibly reported 
that M' Jane * (chaplaine lo y" Bp of London) is to succeed him, Tis 

' Dr. John NichoUf, wtrdco of New College (1675-9), reported by Wood 
f,Lifi aitd Tiwis, ed. Clark, ii. 3901 lo be ' verie active ia walking and hauling 
tatenis.* He wa; Gucceeded u Vice- Chance [I or in Angnsl, 1679, by Timolhy 

' John Willis, educaled nt Cambridge, incorpomted at Eicter College in 1649, 
in which yeu he was elected Savilian profesiot of geometry, beoune keepei of Ibe 
■nbites in l6s4. ""• held both offices till his death in 1703. He incurred Wood'i 
wimtb for snbmUting lo the psrliameDlaiy visitori, and for refusing Wood access lo 
the ■rchlTWl. As keeper of the archives he was much employed in Uoiveriity 
bttsinen. Besides hta repntatiou as b malheroatician he was celebrated Tor bis 
ridU hi dedphcring, having been employed to decipher Charles I'g correspondeoce 
taken at Naseby, and by William III to deciphfi inteicepted correspoDdcnce. 
Hit life is in Alhnta, and in D.N. S. 

' John Venn, son of Simon, of Lidist St. Lawrence, 5omenct, pleb.,inatriculaled 
&om Balliol College 10 May, 16G], aged 151 B.A. 1666, M.A. 1 6^9, elected 
nmtet 14 April, 167S, B.D. and D.D. 1685, vice-chancellor, 16S6-7, died 8 Oct. 
1II87 at his birth-pkcc, and buried there. His wife was Catharine Low, niece of 
Lord Chancellor Claiendon. Wood's report of him is : — ' spent most of his time 
ia bibbing and smoaking, and nothing of a gcnC to carry him off.' {^Lifiemd Times, 
<d. Clark, U. 4^8.) 

* Thomas Coode or Good matricnlaled from Bslliol College, ]0 Feb. 1617-8, 
•pd 18; &A. 1G18, M.A. 1631, fellow 1619-58, master 1673-8, B.D. 1639, D.D. 
l$6o; canon of Hereford i66o, where he died 9 Apr. 1678, and was buried in the 
athediaL His life is m Athtna, and D. N. B. He tried to stop the Balliol men 
drinUng ale at the Split Crow. (Davis's Hiitaty e/ Balliol, p. ijo.) 

' George Croyden, son of George, of Temple Combe, Somerset, gent., elected 
from Wertminsler School 1634 to Christ Church, whence he matriculated I Sept, 
aged tB, B.A. 16.^8, M.A. 164:. He was nndermastei of WeslmiDttcr, censor of 
Ch. Ch., tnbmitled 10 the parliamentary visitors, and was reported as absent with 
leave March iSjl. He visited Paris and Padun where he was crealed LL.D. 1657. 
He incorporated at Christ Charcb as Doctor of Laws, was made canon 1666, and 
treaxurer, died 14 Jone, 1678, and was buried in the Cathedml, 'Dr. Thomns 
l4>dccy who was canon of the fifth prebcndihip, was removed to Dr. Croyden 's 
prebendship (the 4th) 1 and on 11 July William Jane succeeded Dr. Lockey. ' 
(Wood'* Life and Times, ed. Clark, ii. 40& ) 

* William Jane, son of Joseph of Ljskeard, Cornwall, M.P. for Ltskeard, who 
lodged Charles I for i\x nights at his house and wrote EIKflN AKAASTOa a defence 
of BDCnN BAXIAtKH against eiKOKOKAAXTHS, was elected student of Christ 
Church flom Westminster 1660, matricaUted j Dec aged 16 ; B.A. 1664, M.A. 
1667, B.D. 1674, D-D. 1679, was chaplain to Bishop Complon of Oxford and 

■ Loniloo, wboM cooscdaUod sermon he preached 1674. He was canon of Christ 



244 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

also said diat D' Allestry ^ will resigne his Regius Professors place to 
him. Wee are to have an election for Tabiters this terme *, when one 
I> Lancaster* (who is as yet stopt for some words that Mr Musgrave^ 

Church 1678 and r^ins professor of diTinity 1680-1707. Within this period he 
held also a canonry of St. Paul's, the archdeaconry of Middlesex, the deanery of 
Gloucester, and a canonry and the chancellorship of Exeter. 

^ Allestry did not resign his professorship till i68a He was Richard Allestry, 
or Allestree, son of Robert, of Alveston in Derbyshire, and was bom at Uppington 
in Shropshire. He matriculated from Christ Charch 17 Feb. i636>7, aged 15 ; 
and was elected student the same year. He proceeded B.A. 1640, M.A^ 1643, was 
expelled by the parliamentary visitors, took arms for the Idng, was taken prisoner 
at Dover 1659 ^hile carrying on some negotiations between Chades and the 
bishops who were still in England. Became canon of Christ Church 1660, xegios 
professor of Divinity 1665, and provost of Eton 1665. He died a 8 Jan. i68a-i and 
is buried in Eton College chapeL He has been mentioned above (n. 5, p. 170) as 
having helped to keep up the service of the Church of England during the 
Protectorate at Dr. Willis' house. His life is in Atkena, and D, N. B. 

' See n. 4, p. 358. 

' William Lancaster, bom at Sockbridge hall in the parish of Barton, West- 
morland, at the north end of Ulleswater, entered Queen's College as batlec, 
23 June, and matriculated i July, 1670, aged aa He had been a schoolmaster at 
Barton. He was elected ' in pauperem puerum (sen Scholarem de Taberdi) * ao Dec 
1674, '^^ proceeded B.A. the following 6 Feb., and M.A. i July, 1678. He was 
elected and admitted fellow 15 March, 1678-9. He was Camerarius 1685-6, and 
Thesauntrius from 1686 to 1691. He vacated his fellowship on his marriage in 
1696. He became vicar of St. MartinVin-the-Fields, London, 169a, and arch- 
deacon of Middlesex 1705. He was provost from 1704 to 17 17 and vicedianodlor 
1705 to 1709. He died in Oxford of gout in the stomach 4 Feb. 1716-7, and was 
buried at St Martin Vin-the- fields. His election to the provostship was disputed 
on the ground that he was not an actual fellow. (See A true state of the case of the 
sleetion of a Provost of Queen^s College m Osrfordy Oxford, 1704, written by Francis 
Thompson, B.D., who was a fellow at the time, with material supplied by 
Dr. Thomas Crosthwait, for whom see n. a, p. aa3.) Wood only mentions him 
as a good preacher, but he figures largely in Heame*s Diaries. Heame is at first 
complimentary, but changes his tone when Lancaster opposes Hudson's election as 
fellow, and becomes more whiggish. Heame's favourite name for him is ' Smooth 
boots.' He tells us that he was one of those sent while Bachelors of Arts to France 
by Sir Joseph Williamson ' where he accomplish'd himself' He came up to 
Oxford as tutor to Sir John Lowther of Lowther. He was a great benefiurtor to the 
College, had most to do with the collection of the money for the rebuilding, laid 
the foundation stone and bequeathed 1000/. in addition to the sums he had given in 
his life-time. His portrait \ff T. Murray is in the College hall, and was engraved 
by George Vertue. He appears as Sly- Boots in the 43d number of the Spectator, 
' When he stood for his Master of Arts Degree one Mr. Clark of All Souls (one of 
y* Proctors and a pert ignorant Fellow,) denied his Grace. But when it came to 
be put to vote in the Congregation, he carried it against y* Proctors, there being 
nothing but trifling Objections made against him.* (Heame, ed. Doble, L a 16.) 

* Philip Musgrave entered (Queen's College as Upper Commoner 15 July, 1676. 
He was elder son of Sir Christopher (for whom see n. 5, p 38), and matricnlated 
15 Dec., 1676, aged 15. He was B1.P. for Appleby 1685-7, and 1689, dexk of the 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 245 

k one Scroope^ of o* house wktness'd that he spoke ag* j^ procter of 

All Souls *) getts his degree. S^ Joseph is sending a more Tabiters ' 

a travelling one into Germany & another into France. 

St yo' humble Serv*. 

Tho: Dixon 
These 

For the WorPfull Daniel 

Fleming Esquire 

att Rydall-Hall 

@ Westmoreland. 

To be sent by the post to Lancaster 

and so to Kendall. 

fforward 3^. Post p^ to London 2^* 



CXLL 
Henry Fletcher" to Daniel Flexing (2030 a). 

Oxford Juli y 4 

Dear Vncls 

I rec: your letter, dated May y^ 35, the 3 of Juli, being mightily 
grieued that it should be soe long a cuming. for by this I fear 
that my Cousen' may be on his jumey, & soe my writing con- 
cerning y^ wearing of Clothes will signifie nothing, as for Clothes 
they wear of any colour y* they please, but for Crauets none are 
allowed noe not y« Dukes to wear them, onely Bands"', for y« Duke 

Council under James II, and clerk of the deUveries in the ordnance. He was bom 
ai March, 1660-1, died a July, 1689, and was buried in the chapel of the Trinity 
Minories. He married Mary, daughter of the first Lord Dartmouth, and his only 
son Christopher, b. 25 Dec. 1638, succeeded to the baronetcy. 

* Adrian S>croop entered Queen's College as Upper Commoner 9 June, 1671, son 
of Sir Adrian Scroope, K.B., of Cockerington, co. Lincoln. He matriculated 
15 May. 1674, aged 17. 

' John Clerke, son of Sir Francis, b. at Rochester, matriculated from Christ 
Church 3 May, 1667, i^ed 17; B.A. 1670, M.A. from Ail Souls 1673, junior 
proctor 1678. Wood refers to < what pa»ed between him and Lancaster' (Lifa 
and TimeSy ed. Clark, ii. 408, n. a). 

' sc. Nicholson and Tonstall see CXXXDC and n. 8, p. aaS, and n. a, p. 349. 

* Seen. 3, p. 213. 

* See n. i, p. 337. 

* Henry Fleming did not leave Rydal till July 1 5. 

' Band was at this time used for a collar, whether standing up or lying down. 
It supplanted the ruff in the seventeenth century. Its use for the strip or strips to 
which the name band or pair of bands was subsequently applied did not begin 
before the eighteenth century. Cravat (hen as now meant a neckcloth or necker- 



246 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

of Suthampton^ had a mind for to haue had wore one, but it was not 

allowed him. this is 

(Dears') 

Pray S' Giue my frO your most effectionate 

Sendee to my Co: nephew & seruant 

Will: • & Co: Willson • Hsnry Flktchir 

& to all y« reast 

Mr Dixon presents his seruice to you & did write before concerning 
my Cosens wearing of Bands but I suppose y^ you did not rec: it 
& I fear allsoe y^ my letters haue miscarried this thre posts for I hau 
had noe answer out of y« Countrey. Prey S^ therfore acquaint my 
Father & Mothe how often I haue writ. 
These 
For the WorPfull Daniel 
Fleming £s<^ att 
Rydall-haU 
forward 3 13 Westmoreland. 

To be sent by the Post to Lancaster 

and so to Kendall 

post pd to London 2^ \ 

CXLIL 

Daniel Fleming's Instructions to John Bankes' (2033). 

July 15. 78^ 
Buy for Harry a Trunck, a Hat (if wome) a cap, a pair of sheets, 

chief. In most seventeenth-centuiy portraits only the band or cravat is worn, not 
both. Specimens may be seen in Planch^'s Cyclopadia of Costume^ s.vt. * Band,* 
* Cravat' 

^ Charles Palmer, afterwards Fitzroy, bastard son of Charles U by Barbara, 
Countess of Castlemaine, b. 1662, created Duke of Southampton 1675, matriculated 
from Christ Church i Dec. 1675 ' ^^* ^^ ^^ Brittaniarum & Hibem, Gall. etc. 
Regis fiL naturalis Westmonast. natus ex Dudssa le Clevelandiae/ created M.A. 
1678, succeeded his mother as Duke of Cleveland 1709, married (i) May, daughter 
and heiress of Sir Henry Wood, (a) Anne, daughter of Sir William Pulteney, died 
9 Sept. 1730. All his honours became extinct at the death of his son William, 
s.p. 18 May, 1774. 

* See n. 3, p. 309. 

' Edward Wilson, son of Edward, of Dallam Tower, in the parish of Beethome, 
CO. Westmorland, was before this married to Catherine, D. F.'s eldest daughter. 
Fletcher calls him cousin, as the husband of his first cousin. 

^ See n. 3, p. 313. The address to this letter is written in Thomas Dizon'i 
hand. 

* These instmctioiis aie wilt*^ rlimWi. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 247 

get his Hair cut, an hand-Bason, candle-stick, chamber-pot, Flint 
Steel ft Tinder-Box, &c. 
Leave T^rhat money you can with Mr Dixon for Harry. 
Sell Harrys Horse 
Buy for mee 

The Christians Birth-right or y^ Divine Original of y« Scriptures ; 
written by y« Author of y« whol Duty of Man K 

A copy of this Jo. Banckes had with him 
to Oxford. 



CXLin. 
John Bankes' Account* (2032). 

August the second 1678. 

A pticular note of the money receiued and of whom and how 
disburssed when I went to Oxford w*** Mr Henry Fleming to Queues 
CoUedge 

li s d 
July the 14th 1678 Receiued of my maister . . 15 00 00 

22 Receiu^ofHenryFlemingofConyston* at Oxford 02 00 00 

23 Receiued for the horse sould w<^ Mr Hen rid 

upon, sadle, and bridle 01 05 00 

18 05 00 

' Sec n. 5, p. 239. 

* This account is written by John Bankes on two long strips of paper now (1903) 
pumed together. The road by which Bankes took Henry Fleming ran from Rydal 
to Kendal (15 miles), thence along the London and Carlisle road by Lancaster (24 
miles) and Garstang to Preston (21 miles), to Wigan (17 miles), thence by 
Brewerton or Brereton-green (see n. i, p. 66) (32 miles) to Newcastle under Lime 
(13 miles). At Darleston bridge (8 miles) the Carlisle road runs into the road 
from Holyhead to London. Thence they passed by Litchfield (25 miles) to Coles- 
hill (14 miles) ; thence by Coventry (12 miles), when they left the Holyhead road, 
to Southam (13 miles) ; whence by Banbury (14 miles) to Oxford (23 miles). They 
thus accomplished their journey of 231 miles in 5 J days, an average of something 
over 40 miles a day. On Bankes' return journey the route was the same, but his 
stoppages were at Southam (37 miles), Coleshill (25 miles), Newcastle (47 miles), 
Warrington (32 miles), Garstang (41 miles), thence 34 miles would take him to 
Kendal and 15 more to Rydal. 

' It seems that Bankes ran short of cash at Oxford and borrowed this sum of 
Henry Fleming of Coniston, who may have been travelling with Bumyeats the 
carrier. From the way he is mentioned he does not seem to have been a near 
iclative. 



^ THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

Disbursed as folloivetfa 

It 

July the is^li at Kendall for a paire of bridle bitts^ . oo 

i6 At Lancaster for ourselues oo 

And for the horses oo 

Att Preston when wee bayted ourselves • . oo 

And for the horses oo 

17 Att Wiggan for our selues 00 

And for horses 00 

At Bayte at Brewerton Greene selus .00 

And for the horses 00 

18 Att Newcastle ' for our selues .... 00 

And for the horses 00 

Bayte at Letchfeild for our selues . .00 

And for the horses 00 

19 At Colsill ' for our selues 00 

And for horses 00 

ffor a letter sent by post ..... 00 

for mending one of the dun horse shoes . . 00 

Bayte at Southam for our selves .... 00 

And for the horses 00 

20 Att Banbury for ourselues 00 

And for the horses 00 oa 06 

Deliuered to Mr Thomas Dixon att Oxford the 

same day 10 00 00 

22 More deliuered to him w<^ I had of Henry ffleming 

ofConyston 02 00 00 

23 Deliuered to Mr Thomas Dixon pte of the horse 

price 01 00 03 

For Mr Henry trunke 00 09 00 

Giuen to the Butlers in (he Colledge for theire fees * 

upon his entry by Mr Dixons order . . 00 05 00 

^ It is possible that both Bankes' and Henry's hones may have wanted bits for 
their bridles. It is more likely however that ' pair of is used idiomatically as in 
' pair of scissors * for a single thing of a complicated kind i so pair of compasses^ 
and perhaps pair of ink-horns above, p. 39. 

' Newcastle uider Lyne or Lyme in Staffordshire. ' The descriptive affix 
denotes its proximity to a forest of that name, serving also to distinguish it from 
Newcastle upon Tyne in Northumberhmd.* (Lewis, Topographical Diaianary of 
£ftglami, s.v.) 

» Colcshill, m Warwickshire. The same place as Cowsill telow. 

* Down to the middle of the nineteenth centnzy the emoluments of the employes 



s 


d 


00 


05 


oa 


00 


02 


00 


01 


08 


01 


06 


02 


04 


03 


60 


01 


06 


01 


06 


02 


06 


02 


06 


01 


06 


01 


06 


02 


02 


02 


06 


00 


02 


00 


02 


01 


02 


01 


04 


03 


02 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



249 



Giuen to ihe Poore SchoUers according to Custom ' 

by Mr Disons order , . , . . oo og oo 

For Mr Henry a paire of shooes . . . . oo 03 04 
For a chamberpoti hand Basan Candle sticke 

Steele and tinderbox 00 05 00 

For a round Capp * for Mr Henry , . 00 03 00 

For a lining tabic * lookeing glasse and brush . 00 04 03 

Giuen to Mr Dixon according 10 my maister letter 00 og 00 

To an ould man that waytes at the Colledge . 00 00 06 

For the new booke brought from Oxford * . . 00 oa 00 

For a lanthome, glasse Inckhome, and dust box . 00 01 09 

For Mr Henry Matriculation ' . . . 00 08 06 
For bringing the bundle from the Carrier' to 

Mr Dixons Chamber 00 00 06 

I «5 Payd for the horse til! hee was sould and for the 

Other while I stayed in Oxford . . . 00 06 00 
Payd for Mr Henry and myselfe till the day I came 

away that hee entered into Comons' . . 00 06 06 

I 36 Alt Banberry as I came homeward for my selfe . 00 01 08 

And for horse 00 01 04 

At Southam 00 00 04 

i^ At Cowsill for my selfe 00 01 00 

And for horse 00 01 03 

of the University and of the Colleges mainly consisted of fees. Entrance fees, 
degree fees and Ihe terminat payments were originally a multitude of small pay- 
iDents to * number of major or minor officials, and even when tbey were consolidated 
foi the ftadent ihey were for »ome time divided al tietore among the oHiciaU. 
Salaries Lave oow ai ■ lole taken tbe place ol fees. 

' Thi* vas piobably for a treat, which was the usual accompaniment of auy 
academic ceiemooy. When the treats were luperseded, the payments continued. 
■ Vice leTectionis in aula ' was a typical charge, occurring till quite lately in College 
and Univenity acconnts. 

* See a. 1, p. 110. He did not put on a square cap till be became a Taberdsr. 

• See Additional Note*. 

* Tbe Christian's Birthright, see n. 5, p. 139. 

' Hia &thei paid 13^. (see p. 3, and □. 11 there), bgt he matricuUled ai 
'annigerl fiiiui,' Henry as a bailer. In Heame's day tbe matriculation fee for tbe 
«a 'aimigcri' was l6r.6aL, 'Generosi' loi. 6r/, Clericl gs.6d. PlebeiiCf. 6d. Pauperis 
it, td. This tait ii deleted by Heame from the printed list, and l>e1ow is substi- 
tMed 'FriTitegiatns ant semens' ii. ij. (Itodl. MS. RawUiMoa, Heame's Diaries, 
161.) 

• Bomyeat, see n. 4, p. 15. 

' A. Commons is a portion of victuals supplied from tbe College buttey or 
kitcbcn. To enter into commons Is 10 be^in to draw snch portiom, Tbe phrase 
atm U ' began to battcL' 



250 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

for mending the maleppillion ^ . . . . oo oo 02 

28 Att newcasde for my selfe 00 01 10 

And for the horse 00 01 02 

29 Att Warrington for my selfe . . 00 02 04 
And for the horse 00 01 02 

30 Att Garestang for my selfe 00 01 08 

And for the horse 00 01 02 

31 At Kendall for the horse 00 01 02 

The totall su& is : 19 00 07 

Goeing up in all 01 17 01 

Delivered to Mr Dixon for Mr Henry use . . . 13 00 00 
Disbursed for Mr Henry in Oxford for shoes and things 

bought 02 12 10 

for ourselues and horses in Oxford for fine dayes in all 00 12 06 

Comeing downe in all 00 18 02 

All w<^ simies will appeare by the pticulers above • 19 00 07 

Soe I haue to receiue for Henry Fleming of Conyston * 02 00 00 

And for my selfe 00 15 07 

Paid. 

The particulars of my 
son Henry Fleming's 
goeing to Oxford 
July 15 A.D. 1678 ». 



CXLIV. 

Effects, etc., taken to Oxford by or for Henrt 

Fleming (2034). 

My son Henry's Oxford notes &c beginning July 15 a.d. 1678 *. 

A catalogue of such Bookes &c as my son Henry did take up with 
him unto Oxford y« 1^^^ day of July Ano. D6i 1678. 

^ The pillion on which Bankes had carried William Fleming to Bath in 1667 
(see LXXXIV, p. 169 and Appendix £) was apparently hronght into nse again. 
If Henry got tired or stiff with riding he coold comfortably Tary his mode of 
conveyance by sitting for a time behind Bankes. 

' See n. 3, p. 347. 

' This is endorsed on Bankes* account in D. F.*s handwriting. 

* This is endorsed cm the back of the list. The paper probably served to wrap 
np a good many of the following, and perhaps also the two preceding docnmenti^ 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 351 



^H Fnecepta Doctrinse Logicse, &c a Jo. Stierio '. 
^H Traciatus quidam Logici de Pnedicabilibus k Pnedicamentis ab 
^H Ed. Brerewood*. 

^P Idea Philosophia lum Moralis turn Naturalis a Fran. Burgersdicio *. 
Logicas Artis compendium Aulhore Ro. Sanderson ', 
A compendium of Logick &c in M.S. 
Aditus ad Logicam Auiore Sam. Smilb '. 
Horace, Juvenal, & Persius. 
The Greet Minor Poels. 
Homer. 
Virgil. 
Schrevelius's Lexicon ', 

' PisEcepti Logics Peripalelica^ ei Arislotele, aliisq; probatis Aoctoiibos 
collecta, & sdjuvuidic memorite causa Tabulis Synopticis iucksa, k M. JohuiDe 
Stierio. Edilio SccDada. lDipeausJchaDiiisBiTckneri,BibUap: ImprimcbBt Fridc- 
(Iciu-Melchior Dcdekiailos. Amio, m.dc.xxxii. No place. (Bodl. 4°), or peibapa 
rather, Preecepta Doctrins Logicx, EthicEc, Physics, Metaphjalcx, SphErioeque; 
Brcribos Tabellis compacta; ddb cnm Quaslionibus PhyrfcK conlroveraia, k M. 
Joanne Slieiio. Editio Septima, An. Dom. 1671. Londinl, Ex officma J. Red- 
toayoe, pro J. Williaais, 1671. {Qneen"s ColL Lib. 4°.) The fonner is the first 
ptit of the taller book issued separaldy. The book referred to Id tbe text U 
ptobablr the complete work. 

* Traclatns qnidam logici dc.PijFdicabilibus, rt Pnedicamentis. Ab ertiiJilii»imo 
Viro Edvanio Bceicirood Artium Mngiitco, e CoUeglo jEnel-Nasi, ohm conscripli 
none Ter6 ... in Incem editi. Per T. S. Art. Mug. & Collegij .£aei-Naai Sociam. 
Oioniz Escudebflt Golielmni Turner, Acadeinise Typographns, 1618. Cum Piiri- 
Icgio. (BodL4°.) There ix anothet edition b the Bodleian S°, 1G59. T. S. Ii 
Thomai Sixesmitb. Sec Madan's Early Oxford Prta, p. 136. 

' Idea Pbilosophix tum Naturalii, turn Moralis, aive Epitome cotnpeDdiosa 
Ttiiuiq; ex Ariitotelc eicerpla & Methodic^ disposita ; A- M. Franc : Bvrgersdicio 
in Academia LuedoDo-Batava, Logices & Ethicei Professore oTctinario. Editio 
tenia prioribiu emendatior. Oioaicc, Excudcbat Job. Lichfield, Impeusia Henrici 
Cnrteyne Anno Dom. 1631, (Bodl. u".) See Madan's ^ar/f Oi/oi-ifPrfjj, p. 154. 

' Logics Aitis Compendiam. Editio SeiCa, AuthorE Rob. Sandenou, Coll. 
Lincoln, in almS Oxonienai, qnaQdan) Sodo. El in eadem Academia Saccs 
TbeolagiK poitea Piofessore Regio. Oxonix, Excudcbal L, L.& H. H. Impensis 
Ric. el Nic. Davis. Anno Dom. 1664. (Bodl. is".) Il wa* originally published 
in 161S when the author was reader in logic at Lincoln College and weat through 
mMiy editions. Sanderson died bishop of Lincoln In 1663. For earlier editions 
lee Madan'i Early Oxford Prtss, pp. 104, no, ijS, 113. 

* AdilQS ad Logicam. In vsum eorum qui pTim6 Academiam salntant. Aalore 
S.S. ArtiiunMagislco. Anno Domini, 1613. (Bodl. I3°.) Somnel Smilb entered 
Magdalen Hall as commoner 1604, became fellow of Magdalen College 1608, 
proceedeil B.A, 1609, M.A. ilii], B.M. 1610, appointed junior proctor iS Apr. of 
that year and died 17 June. His Aditus was pablished originally in 1613 and 
went through maoy edilions. Mr. Midan {Early Oxford Pras, p. 93) says that 
tbe first ediliOQ was not printed in Oxford. 

* Lexicon Manuale Grxco-Latinom & Latino-GneGum Piim6 condnnatnm. 



253 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

Ross's Enchiridion ^. 
Blumdiel's Elegantiae Poetics ^ 
Winchesters Phrases ' 



Terqne editnm it Comelio Scbrevelio: Hac qutrtl Editione VocaMoram octo 
quasi millibns locapletatnm, plnrimisqiie pfDeterea in lods aQetmB^ 8c adoniatmn, 
pront ex pnefatione constat Studio atqne operft Joflephi HilL Lood. i66^ 
(Bodl. 8«.) The Queen*s College Library edition is Com. Schrevelii Lexicon 
Manoale Grseco-Latinam & Latino-Grseciim, Edltio tertia, anctior mnlto eC emen- 
datior. Lngdnni Batavoram, Ex Officina Francisd Hackii. A^ KDCLXI. Hill 
(1625-1707) was fellow of Magdalene College, Cambridge, became a noacoofonnist 
minister and died at Rotterdam. He added 8000 words to the Dutch OriginaL 
The Lexicon held its place till well into the nineteenth cestary. The Latin 
interpretations were translated into English by J. R. Major, afterwards Head- 
master of King^s CoUege School, and a. second edition was pvblisfaed In x83i. It 
was creBtoally superseded by I>onn^;aa's Lexicon published i8a6, and LiddeU and 
Scott 1843. 

*■ Enchiridion Duplex : oratorinmiiempeetPoeticam,HoeabAlexaiidroRos8aso, 
illud k Theodorico Morello concinnatum, sed ab eodem Roasseo racognitnm et 
anctum. Ad Terbomm copiam & elcgantiam Phrasium LatinI stimsnls cobi* 
panmdam in ntraque facultate haud infrngifemm. Loodini Typis GniL Du-gMd; 
impensis Andr. Crook ad insigne Tiridis Draoonis in Coemeterio Paulino Anno 
Dom. 1650. (Bodl. 8*.) Alexander Ross (1590-1654), vicar of Carisbiooke and 
miscellaneous writer. His life is in D,N,B, 'There wss an ancient sage 
philosopher That had read Alexander Ross over.* (Hudibras, L ii. r, s.) 

' The Bodleian has a copy of the following book : Elegantite Poeticse Id Logos 
commnnes digestse. Editio Novissima. Oxooii e Theatxo Sheldoniano 1679. An 
engraved title with host, two figures and a representation of the Shddonian Theatre. 
(Bodley, sm. 8*.) This is probably the bo<^ referred to by Wood (Z^ ami Timm, 
ed. Clark, ii) as follows: — 'Advertisement to Booksellers. Whereas the four 
Oxford cullies having run themselves, and porter out of breath and finding that 
dieir ill-shapM testaments etc will not answer their expectation, they have latdy 
among other things pirated a certain book called " Elegantiae PoeticK ** and offier'd 
it to sale for is 4d in quires : this is to give notice that of the true proprietors of 
the copy the said book may be had at lad a single book in quires of a more perfect 
edition, having three sheets more of matter than the Oxford print.* This is a 
printed slip preserved by Wood, MS. 516 (la), and stated by him to have been 
' brought down to Oxford by a London bookseller and dispersed there in stationers* 
shops about 10 Mar. 1679-80.* The four ' cullies ' were Moses Pftt, William Leak, 
Peter Parker and Thomas Guy, London Printers, who were ant horf aed by the 
University to print bibles at the Theatre at Oxford (Wood, Lifi and Times, ed 
Clark, ii. 17a n. 3). Blumdiel's wais probably the book pirated. It has been 
suggested by Mr. Madan that Blumdiel may be Dutdi for 'flosculi,* 'Flosculi 
Elegantiamm Poeticamm * being one of the sub-titles of the pirate edition. 

' Phrases Elegantiores Ex Csesaris Commentariis, Cicerone, Altisq; In nsom 
Scholse Wintoniensis Collectore Hugone Lloyd Pacdagogo odeberrim6 xanA. com 
ejnsdem Dictatis. Oxonise Excudebat Hen: Hall, Academise Typographus, Im- 
pensis Joseph. Godwin. Ann. Dom. 1654. (Bodl 8«.) Hugh Lloyd, Windiester 
scholar 1560, and master 1580-7, fellow of New College 1562-78, prebendary of 
St Ptal*s 1584, rector of Islip 1588, died 1601, is the real ooasptler of this book. 




THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

Gregory's Etymologicum Parvum ' 

Farnaby's Rhetorick '. 

Seneca's Tragiedes with Farnabys Notes *. 

Lucius Flonis. 

Cicero's Select Orations. 

A Greek Teslam'. 

A Latin Teslam'. 

A Bible, k a Com on Prayer Book. 

A Manuel of Prayers for Winchester Colledge *. 

Officium Eucharist icum by E. Lake '. 



SeeD.J\^.B. 



ribed to bu D&me&aJie who was bishop of LUndafl i66a-f. 



'e, EtymologicDin Parram, c£ Magoa illo Sylburgll, 
Mittinio, aliisqoe mogni Nomini! Authoiibai, Eicerptum, dige&lum, 
eLpUntam. Id Usiiin Scbobe Publico 'W'estcaaiuisterieiuii. OpeiS ei itudio 
FiMIiciici Gregorii Scbols Wntmonasteiieasis olim alnnuii, nupec inioiiSaaKihov, 
Nmc tetf> Scbolic Woodsiachiensis ia agro Oxoalensi in^titulorU. Londoni. 
Tjini J. flober, jrapemis Ricbardi Royitcm: apnd quein proatuil sab ligao 
Angcli io vico vnlgi voc. Ivie-Une. mdcliv, (Bodl. 8°) Gregory wm of 
Trinity College, Cambridge, died at Hembleden in Budcinghamihire 1707. The 
book b piairtically a Grecli-Latin lexicon. 

' Index Rhetoriciu et Otntorius. Scbolis & institutioni teneriotii xiatii accom- 
modatnc Cai adjiciuntur Formslx Oraloriic, et Index Foetlcna. Opera & itudio 
ThoiDS Famabii, Editio <iUBrta prioribcs emeodalior. Londini, Ini]>eDiii Phiie- 
BoniiStephani.anbauieoLccncinCtEiDeterioFanlino. 1646. (BodLiJ".) Faraaby 
«!• the chief clossioi,) scbolai as veil ai the chief ichoolnuutci of hit lime. 
He matHcuI&ted fram Merton College iggo agei! 15, ^tadied at a jesnil College 
io Spain, bad a private icbool in Goldamiths' Rents or Alley, behind Redcnna 
Street, Ctipplegale, whence be moved in 1636 to Sevenoalts, was conimilted to 
Kei^ate by the parliamentariuu 164.^. and died at Scvcnoaks b 1647. The 6nt 
edilioa of Index Rbeloriciu was publiibed in 1615, the lifleenlli in 1767. Beiidei 
Smeca (1(15) he edited Javenal aod Peisius (1611], Martial (ifii;), Lucan[iGiB), 
VirpI (1634), Ovid's Metamorphoiea l,i'^.^7) Bnd an edilion of Terence by bim wai 
hrooght OQI byMerie Cauubon (165 1) aiier tomaby's death. In 1641 he bronght 
out Syilemi Giammaticam. an aatborised Latin gramnur. prepared under ■ com- 
miujcn ftom the king, Io replace the one already in use in tbc public schools. 

* L. & M. AnnKi Senecx Tiagoediz, Cnm Notis Tbom. Famsbii. Amsterdami. 
^ad GoilJBlinum & loannem Blaeq. MDCXXXII. (BodL ii«.) 

' A Manual of Prayers For the Use of the Scholars of Winchester College. 
[guidon. Printed for John Mutyn, 1675. (Bodl. li*.) It was composed by 
Btabop Ken when he was fellow and prebendary of Winchester and residing 
there. The hymu for Morning, Evening and Midnight were added in (he edition 
of 1695. 

* Edwai<dLnke(l64i-i704). archdeacon of Exelcr, scbolai of Wadham College, 
Oxford, bnt removed to Cambridge before gradnating, D.D. 1676, Inlor to Maiy 
wd Anne, daughters of the Dnke of York, afterwaidt Queens of England ; wrote, 

for the nse of hi* loyal pupils, a very popular manual which reached 
cditjon in 1753 and was republished in 1IJ43 at Oxford wiib a preface 



254 77/£ FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

The Reading & Singing Psalmes ftc ^ 

A Scriptural Catechisme ; or 7® Duty bf man *. 

Camdens Greek Gramar '. 

Lillys Latine Gramar^ 

M. Lewis English & Latin Gramar' 

Dr Newton's English Academy •. 

by A. J. Chriftie. His diary in 1677-8 is b the Camden Society's Miscellany, 
vol. i. The book is Officium Encharisticam. A preparatory senioe to a devout 
and worthy reception of the Lord's Snpper, lamo, London, 1673. His life is 
mD.NB. 
^ See Additional Notes. 

* A Scriptural Catechism; or, The Duty of Man Lud down in express words 
of Scripture, chiefly intended For the benefit of the Younger sort. IMvided into 
two Parts: The first containing the chief Principles of our Christian Belief; The 
second instructing us in our Duty to God and Man, according to the method 
observed in the Excellent Book, entituled, The whole Duty of Man, To which is 
added Some Private Devotions in express words of Scripture ; with devout Collects 
for several occasicms. London ; Printed by H. C. for Moses Pitt at the Angel 
in St Paul's Church-yaxd, 1676 (Bodl. 8^) The dedicatory epistle is signed R. E. 

' Institutio Graecae Grammatices Compendiaria, the celebrated Greek Grammar 
for the use of Westminster School, based on an earlier one by his predecessor 
Dr. Grant, published by Camden the antiquary in 1597, when Headmaster of the 
school. It became very popular. The Bodleian has an edition of it adapted for 
use in Germany. The British Museum has at least twenty-eight editions coming 
down to 1825. 

* William Lily (1468-1533), bom at Odiham, Hanto; demy of Magdalen 
College i486, visited Jerusalem and made some stay in Rhodes where he acquired 
the Greek tongue, visited Rome where he studied under Sulpitius and Pomponius 
Lsetus, taught in London and was selected by Colet as die first High Blaster 
of St. Paul's School, 151 2. The Grammar with which his name is associated was 
the joint production of Colet and himself. The ' Propria quse maribus * and 
* As in prsesenti ' were added by John Ritwise, Usher and afterwards snccenor to 
Lily at St Paul's School. Erasmus* name appears in the title of some editions. 
After various modifications it assumed a fairly permanent form in 1574, as 
Brevissimae Institutio sen ratio grammatices cognoscendse. An Edition in E^lish 
was produced almost at the same time (the earliest copy in the British Museum 
Catalogue is dated 1577) with the Title, A shorte Introduction of Granunar, 
generally to be used ; compyled and set forth for the bringing up of all those that 
intend to attayne the knowledge of the Latine tongue. Countless editions of both 
appeared down to the middle of the nineteenth century. 

' Mark Lewis was Master in a school conducted on improved principles by 
A. Bret at Tottenham High Cross, Middlesex. The book referred to is not in the 
Bodleian, and in the British Museum the title-page is imperfect It seems to be 
Rudimenta Grammaticse Puerilis, or the Rudiments of the Latin and Greek 
Tongues &c (An Apologie for a Grammar printed about twenty years since • . . 
and reprinted for the use of a private school &c.) 8vo. London, 1671. 

* The English Academy : or, a Brief Introduction to the Seven Liberal Arts. 
Grammar, Arithmetick, Geometric, Musick, Astronomic, Rhetorick, 8c Logick. 
Chiefly btended for the Instruction of Young Scholaxs, who are aoquainted with 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



Goldmans Dictionary Edit. 2 '. 



I 



6 Table Napkins. 

3 Towels. 

4 Shins. 

5 Caps. 
14 Bands. 
20 pair of Cuffs. 
14 Handltercheifs. 
3 Pair of Drawers 
3 Blankets. 
I New Suit, 
I Study ing-G own e. 
I Red-Rugg. 
I Pair of Black Stockings 

7 Yards & an halfe of black Paragon ', for a Gowne. 

BO other than Ihdr Native Laoi>aa£e; But mm.j alio be very atefal to other 
Penoni, that have made some progress iu the Studies of the said Arti. Bjr Jobo 
Newton. D.D. Loodon, Printed by W. Goodbid, for Tho. Passinger, at the 
Three Bibles, on London Bridge, 1677. (Bodl. 8°.) Newton became a commoner 
of Edmund Hall in 1637, proceeded B.A. 1641, uid M.A. 1641. Hit reputation 
was as a matbematician and astronomer. He became D.D. 1660, rector of Ross 
)66l. canon of Hereford iti73. and died 1678. He wrote manj school books on 
matheraaticnl mbjects, an Introdoction to I^gic. an Introduction to Rhetoric, and 
an Introduction (o Geography. 

' A copious Dictionary la Three Part*; I. The English before the Latin, 
Eoiiched with about Ten thousasd Words more then any former Dictionary 
eontains. II. Tbe Latin before the English, with correct and plenlifu! Etymo- 
logical Derivations, Philological Observations, and Phraseological Eiplicationt. 
ni. The Proper Names of Persona. Places, And other things necessary to the 
tmderstanding of Historians and Poets. To which ate adjoined ATable of Authors 
Names at large, which in (his Book are made nu of. or mentioned : and also some 
lesser Tractates. The whole being a Compriial of Thomasius and Rider's Pounda- 
tioDS, Holland's and Holyoalt's Superstnictiire and Improvements: Together with 
Amendmeots and Enla^emenCs very consideiabte for number and nature, promoted 
and carried on by a diligent search into, and perusal of several other Dictionaries, 
and many .^ulbois ancient and modem: Rendring this Work the most complete 
and useful of any in this kind yet eitaut ; As the Preface dolh particularly declare, 
and the Book it self will more fnlly evidence. By the car^ and industry of Francis 
Gouldnun, M.A. Tbe Second Edition : Wherein the Quantities of Syllables not 
onely in Appellative, but bImi Pioper Names are more accurately noted then 
heietorore. Cambridge, Piinled by Juhn Field, and are to be sold by George Saw- 
bridge hdclxix. (Bodl. 4".) Gouldman was of Christ's College, Cambridge, M.A. 
1630. He helped Bishop Pearson in editing 'Critici Sacri.' Histife is in ZI. ^. ^. 

' Paiagoa, derived &om the Spanish, means a model and so something very 



256 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

All y^ things on y^ other side ^ were delivered to je Kendal Carrier * 
July j« 6^ 1678 at Kendal, to be carrjed from thence by him unto 
Northampton, & from thence by Hickman y« carrier unto Oxford*. 
Greenwood y« Kendal carrier had 3^ y« Pound, if^ came to «i» 
in all. 

Deliuered to Ja Banckes for Harry July 15. 78. y« sum of 15^^, & 
given Harry to keep his Purse 20", & sent unto M' Tho. Dixon his 
Tutor a 22> piece of gold for a Token *. 

Taken up with Harry July 15. 78, two Bands, two Handkercheifs, 
2 pair of cuffs, i cap, i shirt, i cravat, 2 pairs of stockings, i pair of 
shoes, I pair of Bootes, with a suit, Hatt, & Rideing Coat. 

Paid Jo. Banckes more 4t-o9- 7^ Aug. 5. 78. relateing to my Son 
Henry*. 



CXLV. 
Rev. Thomas Dixon to Daniel Fleming (2038). 

OxoJiJiilyy»a4(78) 
HONOU^ S', 

Yo» dated July y« 6 I rec^: by y* Post on y* 14. and did not 
doubt but that (according to what you hinted therein) the things sent 
by y® Kendall carrier would have arriv'd at Oxoh before y' son. But 
it happened otherwise, by reason (it seemes) that Hickman the last 

excellent. There is a row of houses at Bath called the Pazagon, and we ha;v« 
lately heard of Paragon umbrella-frames. At this time it seems to have been used 
for some stuff of which petticoats, hangings, gowns (as here) conld be made. 
Dr. Mnnay has kindly given me references to Pepys (ed. Wheatley), i. 86, 
' took my wife by land to buy some Paragon for a petticoat * ; to the London 
Gauite for 1674, ^o* ^^« ^^ 4> ' Hangings for a room of Green Paragon * ; and to 
D'Urfey, Fills to Purge Melanchofy (ed. 187a), iii 1 73, * The Plowman, the Sqnire, 
the erranter Clown, At home she subdued in her Paragon Gown. * He adds, Nothing 
is more evanescent than the £uicy names of fabrics, and when they are by chance 
preserved in literature, they are never described. 
^ This and what follows is on the verso of the leal 

* See n. 4, p. 241. 

* See n. 5, p. 241. 

* Seen, i, p. iia. 

' This sum with the 15/. paid to John Bankes at starting makes up the 19 00 07 
which is the sum of Bankes* disbursements (p. 350). It differs from the amount 
there estimated by Bankes as payable oa 00 00 to Henry Flemirg of Cooyston and 
00 15 07 to himself by the 01 05 00 received by him (p. 247) for the hone which 
young Henry had ridden on, its saddle and bridle. 




THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 957 

!ekc came out of Northampton a day sooner ihan he iis'd to do, 
; consequently y> day before the Kendall carrier gotl thither: 
tthcrcby it came to pass thai they were detain'd alt Northampton 
1 week longer, & wee did not receive them till this very day. And 
when all came to all, they were open'd by Hickman upon y^ account 
of a frivolous pretence w<* he made; but nothing is wanting. 
John Banks will give you a true account of y« whole thing & how 
it occasion'd his stay in Oxoh 2 dayes longer lhan he design'd '. He 
see yo« Son setled in a chamber in y» Paper buildings' (as wee call 
ifiem to distinguish ihem from Sr Joseph's ', w'^'' has robb'd them of 
ye title of New-buildings) w'^'" he has to liimself alt p^sent, & I shall 
furnish him w"" some olher choices att y" next removeall of ffellowes 
chambers which will be before Michaelmas : alt wcb time & pbably 
also in y« interim, it may so fall out that Mr Fishers brother of 
Stanebankgrecn ' & yo' son may be bedfellowes. I shall do what 
service I can for either of them. I am sure I have all obligacofis 
imaginable lo do it. I thank you for yo^ large Token inclos'd in yd 
last, & 5 or 6 of y* ffellowB who had a share in yo» oiher Token * have 
their humble service & thanks p^sented to you. Mr Provost is .gone 
into Wales" & will not returne till towards the gth of August. So that 
I mast cither keep yo' letter till then, or send it if I can convenienlly in 
the meane lime. I rec^ 1 3* o" of John Bankes for y* use of yo^ Son, 
S^whereof must be paid in for Caution, and ihe rest you shall have an 
account of wn 'tis disburs'd. The Terme being luckily kept in' 

' It ippean from this thil the payment entered Cp. j^gjaimndeon Iheajrd Jnly 
foi bringing the tiauille from the carrier vras really miide on the i4Lb, as vu alto 
probably the puTmenl Foi Mi Ileniy Matiicnlation, as be wu outricalatcd oa 
Uie>4th. 

* See Additional Notes. 
' See a. 1, p. 339. 

* Alan, Ihinl son of Nrcholos Fisher of Slain ebankc-giecDe (for whom see n. 3, 
p, IS4), and brother of Edward and of John (for whom see n. 1, p. »o7) mtered 
Qdccd's College as a bailer i Dec 1675, and matriculated 17 Dec aged 16. He 
proceeded B.A. g Feb. 1680-1, M.A. 17 Jnne, 1684. He was elected 'panper 
poei' ti Dec i6Sa, and fellow iS Feb. 16S4-; ; and became rccloi of South 
WcAon in OxfoHshirc, 1689. See n. 10, p. 3. Bedfellow here li equivalent to 

iber-lellow there. 

See n. t, p. 111, Tbc larf^ token 1% the gold piece sent Ihtotigh Harry 
ij6), the other tokeo U the live shillingi handed him by John Banket, 
»3 Cp- >49)- 

archdeacon of Brecknock in the cntbedral of St. David't, See n. r, 
p. 104. 

* Trinity or Act Term stalulably coded on the Saturday after the Act (which 
WW beld 00 tlic fim Monday after the seventh of July}, It might be coQUoned 



West 

i 



258 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

beyond y® vsuall time of its ending, ycf^ son has had an opportunity of 
being matriculated, and some young men perswaded him to enter 
himself Pauperis Filius contrary to my order : but I alter'd it after- 
wards & made it Generosi filius ^ because 'twas lookt upon as more 
agreeable to truth & also more honorable by 

Yo* SerVfc T: Dixon. 
For 

The WorPfiill Daniel Fleming 

Esqp att Rydall Hall 

13 Westmoreland* 



CXLVI. 
H^NRT Fleming to Daniel Fleming (2042). 

Oxford July y« 30/78/ 

Haveing soe good an oportunity I thought fitt to doe y^ litde 

part of my duty in writeing to you, though haveing noe business nor 

news, y® Provest is not come to toun' yet : but we look for him y« next 

week ; my cousen Henry • presents his service to you, and is very kind 

to me ; soe with my Duty to your selfe and my loue to my brothers 

& sisters I rest S' 

Your obedient son 

while I am 

Hen: Fleming. 
For 

Daniel Fleming 

Esqir att Rydal 

near Kendal 

These. 

later by the Vice-Chancellor, Proctors and Congregation of Regents. In 1678 it 
was continued first tiU 31 July, and then by a second prorogation till 3 August, as 
Mr. Bayne kindly informs me. 

^ This explains how Henry appears as Bat. in the College entrance-book, and 
gen. fiL in the University Register of Matriculations, while both Simpson and 
Harrison are in the latter p.p. The entry in the book of Subscriptions is, as 
Mr. Bajme kindly informs me, generosi 

' 1678 Jul. 34. Henricus Fleming e Coll. R^. g«peffi» fiL* 

' University men seem to have given up the practice of using ' town ' in this way 
for Oxford ; but citizens still retain the habit. 
* i«e* Fletcher, see n. i, pu 237. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 259 

CXLVII. 
Henry Fleming to Daniel Fleming (2046). 

Oxford Aug. y* 17. 78. 

Yours I received and am very glad to hear that you are all well, 
and for that good advice which you gaue me, I will doe my utmost 
endeavours to observe, they are all hear very kind to me as yett, and 
I hope will remaine y® saime : Mr Provost came home against founders 
day w<* was y« 15 of this month *, and we expected S' Joseph William- 
son * and some straingers to haue come wtl^ him ; but he came not, 
soe that we had few straingers hear y"*, Soe with my duty to your 
selfe and my love to my brothers and sisters I allwayes remaine 

Sr 

My cousen Henry Your dutyfuU son 

Fletcher presents Henry Fleming. 

his service to you. forward 3d ' 

For 

Daniel Fleming 

Esqir att Rydal 

near Kendall 

Post Paid to These 

London 2^ *. 

CXLVin. 

Rev. Thomas Dixon to Daniel Fleming (2047). 

Oxon Aug. 20 (78). 

Worthy S'. 

I rec^: yo^s by y« Post above a weeke ago : and would have 
returned you an Answer ere this, if I had not been exceeding busie in 
composeing a Sermon for St Maries ag* Saturday next ', which will be 
y« first time of my appearing in that dreadfuU place. I delivered yo^ 

* The 1 5th August was the day on which the obit of Queen Philippa was kept. 
It was the great gaudy of the CoUege down to the middle of the nineteenth centuzy. 
The festivities lasted over several days. 

^ See n. 3, p. 139. He was still a fellow, ceasing to be one only on his 
marriage with Catherine Lady O'Brien at the end of this year. 

* See n. a, p. 337. 

* See n. 3, p. 313. 

^ This would be St Bartholomew's day. A University Sermon was at this time 
preached on every Saint's day throughout the year. 

S 2 



36o THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

lett' (together wt*^ yo^ service) to y® Provost att his retume about y« 
9*^ of this month. And on y« 15 (being y« Founders day*) wee had 
a great Gaudy & a speech made by I> Tod* in y« midle of y® Diiier 
according to y« old laudable custome. S' Edward Norry's' & 
Sergeant Holyway* were our greatest Strangers. M' Secretary 
Williamson could not honour us w*>* his p^sence by reason of some 
urgent employm^ '. Our Accounts in y® College are not finish'd as yet 

^ See n. i, p. 359. 

' For D' see n. 8, p. 338. Hugh Todd entered Qaeen*s College as batler 
2 March, 1671-3, and matiiculated 39th of the same month, aged 14. He was 
bom at Blencow in Cnmberland. He was elected ' in pauperem pnernm ' 10 Jnne, 
and proceeded B.A. 4 Julj, 1677. In October, 1678, 'after a somewhat exciting 
stmggle and several proro^ions of the election,' he was elected as ' a staunch 
Chnrchman ' fellow of University Collie against William Johnson, B.A., whose 
election the master, Obadiah Walker, had attempted to secure. (Carr, History of 
University College^ p. 137.) He was vicar of Kirkland 1684, made canon of 
Carlisle by Bp. Thomas Smith, and vicar of Stanwix 1685, rector of Artharet 1688, 
and vicar of St. Andrew's, Penrith, 1699. He fonght with Bishop Nicolson as to 
the right of visitation of the chapter of Carlisle and was excommmiicated by the 
bishop. He wrote among other things * Collections for a history of the connty of 
Cumberland,' of which he gave the MS. to Queen's College. It is an edition by 
Todd of Denton's *' Accompt of Estates and Families in Cumberland^ which hu 
been printed by Chancellor Ferguson, Kendal, 1887. The same editor also 
printed, Kendal, 1890, Todd's Account of the City and Diocese of Carlisle ; and 
Kendal, 189 1, his Notitia Ecclesiae Cathedralis CarUolensis^ and his Notitia 
Prioratus de Wedderhal. Todd proceeded M.A. 2 July, 1679, B.& DJD. la Dec 
1693, and died 6 Oct. 1728. His life is in D, N, B, 

' Edward Norryes entered Queen's College, as Upper Commoner, 34 June, 1650, 
and matriculated 9 Dec. He was second son of Sir Francis Noneys of Weston-on- 
the-Green, Oxon. He was M.P. for Oxfordshire in 6 parliaments 1675-9, ^^^ 
1700-8, and for Oxford in 4 parliaments 1 689-1 700. He was knighted 3 a Nov. 
1663, and died in October, 1713. 

^ There were two serjeants-at-law called HoUoway living in Oxford at this time, 
Charles who was over eighty years of age and died 39 Nov. 1679, ^^^ Richard who is 
probably the person here referred to. He was scholar of Windiester 1640, aged 14, 
matriculated fromNew College 3Mar.i643-3, aged i5,sonof John Holloway, steward 
of New College, and official' to the archdeacon of Berks. He was expelled from his 
fellowship with his father by the parliamentary visitors for non-submission, became 
barrister of Inner Temple 1653, recorder of Wallingford 1666, bencher 167 1, 
serjeant-at-law 1677, was knighted and made judge of King's bench 1683, declared 
for the seven bishops and was therefore dismissed 1688, and died at Oxford 1699. 
He drew up Anthony Wood's will. His life is in D, N. B, 

' 1678 was a busy year for Williamson. At the end of 1677 ^ had been elected 
president of the Roy^ Society. He presided at every meeting of the council* and 
generally managed in addition to preside at the ordinaiy meetings. The events 
were preparing which led to his losing in the Februaiy following his office of 
Secretary of State, and at the end of the year he was married to Lady O'firiem So 
his hands in August were probably quite folL 




IN OXFORD 



26l 



r reason that Mr Mill ' (the Bursar) is not return'd from London 
hither he went about a fortnight ago to preach before j* King in 
tr Smiths * course of Christ Church as some say. He is seeking for 
pTenn' atl Court haveing displeas'd j* Provosl att home, as 1 may 
safely tell you under the Rose. Perhaps you may hear more from 
other hands. I forgotl to acquaint you in my last how that the 
Vicc-chanceHour, feareing D' Busby's Proposealls' about y^ setling 
a Calecheticall Lecture among us for y« j-ounger sort, might not 
take in j* Vacation, has deferr'd y* mencofiing of it in Convocation 
till Michaelmas Terme. Other Colleges are like to scruple atl it 
because the Lecturer (according to y^ proposea!!s) is like to be for y^ 
most part of Ch: Church, & too much power seemea to be given him 
in hindering degrees '. If I can geit a Copy of ye Proposealls I shall 
send ihem lo you. I know not how to give you a state of y* Universitj^'s 
case*, Neither do I know well how it begun. As farr as I can und'- 
stand a Townsman that refus'd lo give one of )■* Pro- Proctors a civil! 

(answer tc to acquaint him where he had been after g of y" Clock 
ft also 10 pay his 40* for his refractoriness was y* occasion of all. So 
' See Q. 4, p. 13). John Mill was Camerarins or Junior Bnisat from 31 July, 
167s. to 31 Jily. 11576, and Tbesaurarias or Senior Bursar from J Jnly, 1677, to 
7 July, 167S. Dinon was the more sensible of Mill's ihoitcomings as he was 
Junior Bcrtar dtuing the latter period. 

' Heniy Smith vss elected from WeitminEter to Oxford l6s(>, and matiicnlated 
from Chrlit Church 33 July in that year. He pioceedeit B.A. 1G59-60, M.A. i6tii, 
w»i jpnior proctor 1670, proceeded B.D. 1671-1, D.D. 1674, l>ccainc canon of 
Christ Chnrch 1675, od the tranilation of Bishop ComptOD from Oxford lo 
IvOndon, was Tlcar of Holme Lacy, co. Hereford, i66]-g, rector of Uurthorpe, co. 
Gloucester, 1G8B till hia death 11 Oct. 1703. His name as treaaaiCT of Christ 
Cborch was fnicribcd on Great Tom when it was re-caat. He was son of John 
Smyth sonelime alderman and mayor of Oxford, and a member of the loog 
pailiamenl ; and was one of the commissioners appointed 16S5 by John Dolbea 
archbishop of York to examine the fellows of Qneen's abont > decree that was 
rnade by a majority of them against Provoit Halton. 

* Richard Buiby, the oetebiated schoolmaster, elected to Oxford from West- 
minster 1614, malricalaled from Christ Church 10 Feb. 1615-6, aged iS ; pro- 
ceeded B.A. t6iS, M.A. 1631, headmuter of Westminttec 1638, prebendary of 
Weill 1639, D.D, 1660, caDDii of Westminster 1660, died 1695, and burled in 
WettmiMter Abbey. The Proposals for bis catechetical lecture were before the 
University for some years, and were finally rejected by Convocation on the ground* 
here set forth by Diion 17 Jnne, 1683. (See Wood's Life and Times, ed. Clark, 



lii. ] 



"0 



' The lectnrtt wn* to be giten ■ veto on the D D, degree of those who had 
attended his lectern. The consent of the Regius Professor of Divinity for inception 
in Divinity had betn from early times required. (See Clark's Regiiter ef Ike 
Ukivernly ef Oxford, 11. 1. 143.) 

* See n. 5, p. 3j6. 



a6a THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

that its a point of Priviledge that's in dispute. 'Twotdd have been no 

advantage to yo' Son if he had been enter'd y® eldest son to an Escg ^. 

He is civill 8c studious & in good health & so is y6^ Nephew', 

& that this may find all w*^ you so, is y« desire of 

S' 

Yo' Servant 

Tho: Dixon: 
These forward 3* 

' For the WorPfiill Daniel 

Fleming £sq^ att 

RydaU-Hall 

near Kendall In Westmoreland. 

To be sent by y« Post to 
Lancast' & so to Kendall. 

Post pd to London 2^*. 

CXLIX. 

Henry Fleming to Daniel Fleming (2057). 

Oxfoid Sep. a8. 7S, 
S'. 

Yours I received and am very sory to heare of y« sad fall that my 

brother Roger '^ gott. According to your last letter, I lett you know all 

my study here. My tutor reads to me once for y® most part every day, 

and sometimes twice, in Sandersons logick ^ which booke is all he reads 

to me as yet, where in I haue read two of y^ first bookes, and part of 

y^ third. And in spaire hours from logick I read Lucius Florus, Sallus 

and such histories out of which I write collections ''. And for excercise 

^ The ' conditio' of a matriculandus had to be certified by his Tutor, 'atram 
scilicet Nobilis, Eqnitis, Doctoris, Armigeri, Generosi an Plebeii filins sit* 
(JLatidian Statutes ^ II. ii. 5), and the matricnlation fee yaried accordingly, see 

n. 5, P- 349- 

* Henry Fletcher, for whom see n. i, p. 337. 

' These words are probably in the hand of the London postmaster. 

* See n. 3, p. 213. 

' Roger was D. F.*s twelfth child, and eighth son. He became a member of 
Queen's College in 1693. We shall see a good deal of him later on. 

* See n. 4, p. 251. 

^ It is from collections in this sense of abstracts, or summaries, that the 
academic use of the word for a terminal examination seems to be derived. The 
former use is now obsolete but was common in the sixteenth and seventeenth 
centuries. Murray (s.v.) among other passages quotes from F. Hawkins, YoutKs 
Behaviour (1663), 'To make a little Epilogue, and brief collection of what thou 
deliverest.* 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 263 

I make none yet but such as all y« scholars makes, which is verses 
every Saturday during ye terme, and sometimes declames*. I think 
I shall goe into y« hall y« beginning of this next terme to y« disputa- 
tions, which is y« 10 of y« next month*. My cousen Henry' makes 
ye same excercise y^ I doe, and Mr Dixon reads y« same booke to him 
yt he reads to me but not soe often. Soe with my duty to your selfe 
and my love to my brothers and sisters, I rest 

S» 

Your dutifiill son 
My cousen Henry presents Henry Fleming. 

his service to you. 

For 

Daniel Fleming Esq^ 

at Rydal-hall near 

Kendal 

forward 3* These 

Post paid to London 2^, 



CL 
Henrt Fleming to Daniel Fleming (2072). 

Oxford Novem. y* 7. 78. 

Your letters sent with Mr Dixon brother', and with Rich Bum- 
yeats ^ with fifteen shillings I received, which was not soe soon expected 
by me, being so well furnished with mony when I came ; but seing 
that your care is so very great, it doth oblige me to be soe much y^ 

^ Or declamations, rhetorical exercises on set subjects, a common form of 
academical task down to the middle of the nineteenth century. At Oriel College 
in 1857, ^^ Thursdays, declamations alternately in Latin and English were practised 
in the College hall before the assembled undergraduates in the presence of the Dean, 
two undergraduates taking the different sides on some controversial subject. In 
the seventeenth century they served as practice for the disputations which formed 
a large part of the exercises for degrees, as to which see Clark's Register of th€ 
University^ vol. ii, part ifPassim* 

* The first day of Michaelmas Term was then as now ' Crastino S. Dionysii,' that 
is the tenth of October. 

* Fletcher, see n. i, p. 237. 

^ See n. 3, p. a6a, and n. 3, p. 213. 
^ James, see below, CLI, p. 264. 

* Another member of the carrier family, of whom we have already had Peter, 
n. 4, p. 15. 



264 ^-^^ FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

more thrifty, which I hope I shall be. Soe with my du^ to your selfc, 
and my love to my brothers, and sisters; I rest 

Your dutyfull Son, 

Henet Flbmxng. 
For 

Daniel Fleming 
Esqir at Rydal-hall 
near Kendal 

These. 



CLI. 
Rev. Thomas Dixon to Danoel Flsmino (2073). 

OxoS Nov: 9 (78) 

Honoured S': 
Not to mencSn any other extraordinary obIiga6dfis conferr'd 
upon me, I am indebted to you for yO' two last, the one whereof 
I rec^: by the Bearer* & the other by my broth' James. I rec^^: also 
a Token " by each of them, with w^^ yo' Freinds & well-wishers drunk 
y6™ & his Ma*^««: health on y« 5 of November •. wee lookt on it as the 
fittest day to remember our Soveraigne & one of his loyallest subjects 
& best freinds, both to him & the Country: And 'twas well wee had 
the opportunity to remember them where we did, considering y« 
black designs that were on foot lately (and are still 'tis to be fear'd) 
for the subversion of y« University as well as Church & State *. I ca&ot 
give you any full & true account eith' of this Plot, or Dr Plots 
pceedings in his Naall History", because he has not been inTowne this 
long time: If I can gett any good informicon as to this particular 
before y^ retume of my broth^^ (who went towards London yesterday 

^ Donbtless Bnmyeat, the carrier. 
' See n. i, p. iia. 

* Gunpowder Plot day. The country was at the time in the middle of the 
turmoil about Oates^s Popish Plot. Sir Edmundbury Godfiiey was found dead on 
October 15. Lords Powys, Stafford, Petre, Arundel and Belaiyze were committed 
to the Tower, 23 Oct ; Coleman, the duke of York^s secxetaiy, was condemned to 
death 27 Nov. and executed 3 Dec. of this year. 

* Wood's Life and Times (vol. ii. pp. 416 sqq.) is about this time full of 
evidence how much suspicion and anxiety prevailed in OhdoA. Antony's own 
room was searched, and the oath of supremacy and allegiance tendered to him by 
the Tioe*chanoelloc (lb. 424, 425.) 

' See n. I, p. 221. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 265 

w*h M' Bradlj *) lie comunicate it, As also any thing else that may 
seeme acceptable. The tryall between the University & y« Towne * 
should have come on on y« 39**^ of y® last month, but the night before, 
the Mayor & some of the Aldermen went to y^ Vice-chancellour 
& agreed it, (or some say they referr'd it to Arbitrators who put 
an end to it) and (haveing first withdrawne their Declarac^ they 
pmiss'd faithfully (if Townsmen have any faith) that they will never 
againe defend any Townsmen, but leave them to be punish'd by 
y« University : and Serjeant Pemberton* has told y« Vice-chancellour * 
a way by which they shall never do good on y« University, viz : If he 
find any of them offending any more to throw them in prison from 
whence they must be redeem'd either by paying theu* fine & submitting 
or else they must bring an Habeas Corpus, & then y® Univ'sity will 
infallibly worst them & put them to vast charges. How farr this will 
hold good in Law I know not Neith' shall I ad any more att 
p'sent (being in hast) but that I am 

Sr 



Yo' most obleiged Serv* 
Tho: Dixon. 



These 

For the WorPfull 
Daniel Fleming 
Esq^ at Rydall-hall 
m) Westmoreland, 
with a Booke. 



* Robert Bradley, bom at Bonefire (?) Westmorland, son of Roger, entered 
Queen's College as battler 22 Apr. matriculated 4 May, 1668, aged 15. He 
proceeded B.A. 19 Feb. 1673-4, and M.A. 27 June, 1677. ^^ ^** elected fellow 
15 March, 1678-9. There is no evidence in the College Register of his having 
been a taberdar. He continued fellow till the autunm of 1687, when he was 
promoted to the Rectory of Church Oakley, near Basingstoke, Hants. He died 
there in 1 721, his successor Samuel Read having been instituted 13 Oct 

' Sec n. 5, p. 236. 

' Francis Pemberton (1625-97) was educated at St. Albans and Emmanuel 
College, Cambridge, called to the bar at the Inner Temple 1654, bencher 1 670-1, 
serjeant-at-law 1675, knighted the same year, judge of King's bench 1679, lord 
chief justice, 1681, transferred to chief justiceship of common pleas 1682-3, removed 
£rom the bench and from the privy council in the same year, died 10 June, 1697, 
' a profound lawyer, much versed in records, yet of independent mind, and, for his 
age, indifferent honest' His life Vi\nD,N. B, 

* John Nicholas, warden of New CoUege 1675, of Winchester 1679, ^ce- 
chancellor 1677-9, described by Wood as strict in discipline^ of Sabbatarian 
leanings, and active in proceedings against Romanists.' 



266 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

CLU. 
Henry Fleming to Daniel Fleming (2083). 

Oxford Nofcm. 37. 78. 

Haveing soe many of my country men ^ here, I could not omit 
troubleing some of them with the carraige of a letter to you : being 
very loath to lett any oppertunity slipe, it being soe seldom that I haoe 
any. Soe hopeing that you are all well and with my duty to your 
selfe, and my loue to my brothers and sisters I rest 

S' 

Your dutifull Son, 
Here begun a fire' Henry Fleming. 

betwixt I & a of y« 
clock this morning 
wc^ burnt 3 house 
and 3 or 4 shopes with 

goods in and on old For 

woman in Oxford, but their Daniel Fleming 

being little wind, and haveing £sq^ att Rydal-hall 

enchings to throw water up to near Kendall 

y« top of y« houses they gott These. 

it prety soon quenshed. 

CLin. 

Rev. Thomas Dixon to Daniel Fleming (2084). 

No^ 37. 78 
KINDS': 

In my last by Burnyatts ' I forgott to acquaint you that I xto^ Ten 

pounds by him, but I shall give you an acc^ of it when 'tis disbursed. 

Yo' Son is both frugall & studious, & all that I find amiss in him is 

^ These include Dixon's brother James. 

^ ' Nov. 27, Wednesday, at one in the morning a fire broke oat at Buiroughs an 
ironmonger in AlUiaUowes parish, and burning part of the next house (Souch, 
a miUiner) burnt his wife. It broke out in a back lower room in John (or Richard) 
Souche*s house a milliner and he and his wife laying over that roome were wak'd 
and choaked with the smoke. He. ran downe to quench the fire : she fell in a soune 
and there layd, and the fire burnt her. It took hold of Burroughs* house ; and the 
dragoons being very vigilant to quench it, had ^lu given to them as a reward (by 
the University, quaere). It was vainly reported that the papists had a hand in it.* 
(Wood*s Lifi and Titms, ed. Clark, u. 423.) * See lu 6, p. 263. 



I thai he wants courage & heart, I do all 1 can to animate & encourage 
him & to put some more spirit into him, I hope disputeingin y« Hall' 
will put some briskness & meltall into him, & teach him to wrangle ; 
Heisoneof the three that yo' Nephew Fletcher' calls his Juniors in j* 
Hall, So that they must endeavour to bafle him & then heel cease lo 
stand upon his Seniority or att least to triumph in it. He deserves 
abo all the encouragem' that may be, because he is willing to do 
anjthing & frequents Prayers ft Disputacolis as much any one, though 
of much less Quality & honour than himselfe. He has another 
fellow- Pupill of )•" same order ' that keepes pace with him, & they have 
combin'd to aett patterns to all y" rest of their Table : I hope theyl 
continue this their emulacon, & that yo' Son will also excite others 
of his degree to y^ same excellency & pfection. I love to see youn 
men strive to exceed one anoth': I have by this bearer {my brothf) 
sent you Dr Busby's Proposeails ', w='' I had not ready at Bumyatts's 
rcturne, & they are not pposed as yet to yo Convocation. There's 
anolb^^ thing to be pposed shortly, W^l" is, Thai one Haley ' comoner 
of our House of above 5 yeares standing (who has often been in y« 
PhiloEophicall Transactions upon y^ account of his Mathematical! 
performances, & his of late been sent by his Ma^r-. to S**: Helena 
to make discoveries there) may be admitted to his Masters degree 
tc accumulate for both Degrees togeth', (haveing taken none as yet) 
by reason he is to go to Dantzick shortly to have some conference 
with y learned Hevelius' 1 In case his Proposeall should not take he 

' Seen. 1, p. 163, 

* See o. I, p. 13;. There aic four aunes in the College entraDce-book between 
Ftctcbei and Ileniy Fleming, so it is not possible to X3y who were the Juniors who 
oughi 10 endeavour to ' balle ' him. Baffle seems to be here oied in one of iu earlier 
bat now obsolete senses of ' treat wilb eontutnel;,' or ' confouid.' See Murray, b.t. 

* This may have been Fatricins Highmore, who was a year senior lo Henry, 
hiTlii|> entered ns baticr Oct. 14, who was admitted tabenkr OD the same day, 
16 Dec 1682, and died in the following year. 

' See a. 3, p. 361. 

* Edmund Hnlley entered Queen's CoU^e as commoner ij Jnne, and matricn- 
llled 34 July, 1673. His tather's nnmewia Eilmond. He was bom at Haggertton, 
igOct. 1656. He waafeilow and secretary oflhe Royal Society, Savilian professor 

_ of Astionoinj 1703-41, created D.C.L 16 Oct. IJIO. He was made aitionomer- 
1 in 1714, and died 14 Jan. 1 741-3. He lived at one time in ihe brick houw 
D New College Lane which stands back from the road, next lo the cloister, aftei* 
a occupied by Bishop Jacobson and by Proreisor Donkin. He was educated 
pt St. Paul's School. He lir^t ol>servcd in lOSo the comet which beart bis name. 

* John Hevelins, a celebrated mathemallcian, boni at Dantzig, 18 Jaa. i6ti. 
e *>■£ educated at Gondctsch and Dantiig, Iravellcd in Holland, England, France 



268 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

has gott j^ Kings lett'^ Hees putting up a new lEezact Dial* in our 
College upon y^ upon y^ wall opposite to the ChappelL I lia^e likewise 
sent you an Answer of y« Chancellour & Masters of j^ Unhersitj to 
ys Articles of Greivance put up by y® Towne in y« late times of 
Usurpacon ' : They are generally supposed to be made by I> Lang^ 
baine^ & I know not certainly whether I sent them to yoa fbcmerly or 

and Germanj. He retozned to Dantdg, started an A sti ooomical O ta e ifio ty in 
his house, "mbext he first studied the phases of the moon, and dien enlazged his 
instruments so as to be able to study the fixed stars. He died oo his hiithdaj in 
1687. His collected works presented by him are in the Bodleian Libfazj, as I am 
informed by Dr. Macray. See also Annals eftht BotUeiam Library^ ed. a, p. i^ 

^ ' 1678, Dec. 3. Edmund Hallcy of Qu. ColL was actually created MJL by 
virtue of the king's letters dated 18 Nor. going before, wfaidi say that he had 
received a good account of his learning as to the mathnmatics and astronomy, 
whereof he hath gotten a good testimony by the observatioiis he haUi made during 
his abode in the island of St. Helena, &c. — ^This person hath wikten and poblisbed 
divers things of great curiosity, and therefore he is hereafter to be nomfatcd among 
the Oxford writers.' Wood, Fasti, ii. 368. 

' The old chapel formed the south side of the quadrangle of the old coDcge. 
Halle/s dial would therefore be, as was to be expected, oo the north wall of the 
quadrangle lacing south. 

' This is The Answer of the Chancellor, Mastexs and Sdiolan of the Untveisity 
of Oxford, To the Petition, Articles of Grievance, and Reasons of the City of Oxon. 
Presented to the Honourable Conmiittee, for Regulating the Univenity of Oxford 
the 34. of July 1649k Oxford, Printed by H. Hall Printer to the Unirecstty. 1649^ 
(Bodl. sm. 4^) The petition of the Major, Aldermen, Baylifl^ and Commooaltie 
of the City of Oxon, is prefixed. A second edition was issoed in 1678, and is 
probably the book referred to by Dixon. The title-page is the same with the 
addition of * The second Edition,' and * and are to be sold by Ric Davis.' Wood's 
copy has on the title-page in his handwriting ' By Dr. Gerard Langbaine of Qu. Coll. 
an. 1649. This Edition was published at Oxon 7 Feb. 1677 upon certaine diffisrences 
then on foot between y* University & Towne.' It was reprinted 1690 by James Har^ 
rington in his Defence efthe Rights and PriviUdges oftki UniversUy t/Oscford, 

* Gerard Langbaine (1609-58) son of William, b. at Barton Kirke, Westmorland, 
and educated at Blencow School, entered Queen's CoU^e as bateller 17 Apr. 1625, 
elected 'in munus servientis ad n^nsam* 17 June, 1626^ taberdar 10 June, 1630, 
fellow 30 Oct. 1633, provost 11 March, 1645-6. He matriculated ai Nov. 1628, 
proceeded B.A. 24 July, 1630, hLA. 27 June, 1633, DJ). aa June, 1646. He held 
a Dudley Exhibttion (see n. a, p. 119) from Orid College from 6 Oct. 1627, to 
3 July, 163a He was elected keeper of the archives 1644. He was an active 
royalist, but was befiricnded by Philip Herbert, Earl of Pembroke, and retained by 
the parliamentary visitors in his provostship. At the tiuK of his election as 
p t o vo& t Oxford was surrounded by armies and it was impossible to obtain his 
confirmation by the archbishop of York, and so by the King's pennission he 
was confizmed by the bishop of Oxford, and Dis. Steward, Fdl and Ducke. He 
published an edidoo of Loi^ginusy and a number of other wcxks with and without 
bis name, and left a large collection of notes in MS. He married EHxabeth Sunny- 
bnk, wldofv of Christopher Pbtter his predecessor in die provostship. One of 
y» aoM Gcnod was tltt aadwr of i^fi ^cmntr y'iftf A^s«sA Z>nn^^ 




'THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



269 



I,if I didijou may dispose of them as you ihink fiit. Aa Tor the other 
' boBC papers, youl quickly find what they are about. The greatest 
Newes I have 10 send you is thai Mr Walker ' (Master of University 
College) who put out the life of Kiog Alfred ',& writl the education of 
young Gentlemen ' & some Afiotations on y" Scriptures * is much 
suspected of late 10 be a Papist, & there are severail things given 
in ag* him to y^ Parliament by y Arch-Deacon of Midle-Sex ' : 
& that wdi adds some j)bability to y« thing is his refuseall to take y 
oath of AUegiance & Supremacy all along. If he should happen to 
prove a Papist in good earnest it would reflect mightily upon y^ 
University. It seemes y Parliam' have taken notice that severail great 
Witts of both o^ Nurseries have been spirited away lately by them ". 

' ObidUh Walker, matriciiUted from Univcraity College 5 April, 1633, ion ot 
WiJlbra of Wotsborodale, YorVshire, p!eb., aged 16. He procetdid B.A. 1635, 
M.A. 163S. He was fellow of his eoll^e 1635-48, and was expelled lor noa- 
tnbmisiion lo the parliamentary visitors. He was restored to his fellowsbip 1660, 
ind was master of the college from 1676 till 16SS, when he was deprived as a papist, 
4nd liDpritoned for a lime in the Tower of London. He died 31 Jannaiy, 1699, 
ae«d 86, and was buried in St. Tanctas chnrch. 

' dSlfredi Magni Anglomm Regis Inviclissimi Vita tribna librii compiehena.i, 
A cUrisslmo D°° Johonae Spelman Henrici F. primum Angllce consoripta, dein 
Latins reddita Sc Atiootationibas illuslrata Ab Alfred) in Collegia Magna; Auiz 
Udirenilalis Oxonlensis Alumnls, Oionli e Theatre Sheldoniano. Anno Dam. 
MDCLXXVm. {Bodl. fol.) According to Wood (_Atlitna, ir. 443) thU trans- 
lattOQ was doae by Obadiah Walker, but Heame in his English edition of the 
Life, p. 115, says it was made by Christopher VVase, superior beadle of the civil 
law. Walker, in any case, added Dotea and ippeodices, in which, says Wood, 
'he endeavours lo malie K. Alfred fonndet of his coll., but altogether tniilnk en.' 

' Of Education Especially of Young GcDtlcmen. In two parts. Oxon. At the 
Umier Ann. 1673. (UodL sm. S°.) 

' A PaniphiBse and Annotations upon The Epistle* of St. Taul written lo the 
Romaiu, Corinthians and ^lebrews. At the Theater in Oxford. M.DC.LXXV. 
Each Epistle is dealt with separately Bud has a half-title. A Paraphrase upon 
SL Paul's Epstlc to the Romans. The First of Epistle of S. Paul to the 
Coiiothians Faraphras'd, and so on. The pagination is continuoni 1-167 to 
the cod of II Corinthians. The Paraphrase upon the Hebrews is separately 
paged 1-55. Probably at a later dale he continoed hit work with separate balf- 
tilles for Galatiaos, Ephcaians, Pliilippiaos, Colossians, I Thessaloaians, 11 Thes- 
BdocioDs, The two Epistles to Timothy, The two Epistles to Titus and Philemon. 
Cnrioosly eooagh these are paged continuously 169-34S. They were republished 
b]p Bishop JacobsoQ when he was Regius Ptofeuor of Divinity in 1851. 

' Thomas Cooke, rector of Stisted, Essex ; prebeodory of Wiliesden, archdeacon 
OfHlddleiei 1669-79, treasorer of St, Paul's Ca±edral. 

* Wood, who has no hostility to the Komanisu, contribules a good deal of 
ttsljmony to ilicir activity in Oxford about this lime. A Jeiiiit father Wolfe, 
Richard Reeru of Mogdaleo College, a Jesuit father Lovell, and William Joyner, 
alio of lilaf[dalea CoUejjc, ore mulioued in thii coouexioit. 



270 TtiE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

I hope their late Hellish projects will' make us proof ag^ al their 

enchantmt* for ye future. Our Provost* is gone to London to 

see Sr Joseph*, who (as 'tis said) is not very well. The Comons have 

been too severe upon him^ but 'tis hop'd heel be able to withstand all 

their shocks'. Wee look for Mr Philipson * this weeke. I am 

&f Yo" to comand, Tho:. Dixon. 
These 

For the WorPifull 
Daniel Fleming 
Esq^att 
Rydall-hall 
Tnl Westmore- 
land. 



CLIV. 
Rkv. Thomas Dixon to Daniel Fleming {2089). 

Oxoli Dec: 7 (78) 

Honoured &f: 

Though I writt to you both by Bumyatts & my broth' James : 

yet I caKot omitt this oportunity of sending by so worthy a neighbour 

& Freind both of yo" & mine *, Wee have expected him long but 

he made a short stay with us, & he would needes come away without 

• Timothy Halton, see n. i, p. 104. 

• WiUiamsoD, see n. 3, p. 139. 

• 'On 18 Nov. he was committed to the Tower by the lower house on the 
charge of " subsigning cozmnissions for officers and money for papists/' in other 
words of passing commissions drawn np by the king's order in favour of certain 
recnsants. He remained in the Tower but a few honrs» for Charles with nnusoal 
energy and decision lost no time in apprising the commons that he had ordered 
his secretary's release. At the same time the offensive commissions were recalled. 
Williamson's continuance in office, however, was not considered altogether de- 
sirable (c£ Wood, Life and Times, ii. 438). The newsletters on 10 Feb. 
announced " Sir Joseph Williamson is turned out, but is to be repaid what 
his secretaryship cost him." As a matter of fact he received from his successor, 
Sunderland, 6,000/. and five htmdred guineas.' {D. N, B,, s.v.) 

^ Probably Christopher Philipson, of Crook or Thwatterden Hall in the parish 
of Kendal. He was knight of the shire for Westmorland from 16^9 to 1681, in 
which year he was knighted by Charles U at Windsor. He belonged to a younger 
branch of the family settled at Calgarth. His grandmother was a Hudlestone of 
Millom, with which family the Flemings intermarried more than once, hence 
probi^bly he is called cousin below, CLVI, p. 272. 

• Probably Mr, Philipson, for whom see preceding note. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 271 

seeing our home *, w<* had been the greatest soloecisme • he could have 

been guilty of: but wee p'vailed with him & his company at last to 

do us the honour of drinking a plentifull mornings draught with us out 

of the foresaid vessell : And because College Bear lay somewhat raw 

upon their Stomacks they have thought it requisite to concoct it with 

a glass of wine as farr as I can perceive, for they have sent for me to 

ye Taveme whereas I design'd to go directly to see them take horse. 

So that you may guess what the issue will be. Mr Wilson of Dalian 

Tower* sent some Papers up by Mr Bradly * concerning 500* paid in 

by him long ago, whereof you are witness. Mr Provost dos not know 

how to act in it, Yo' advice will be ask'd & whatever you think fit to 

be done in it, the College will act accordingly upon y® least notice 

from you cith' to y« Provost or S' 

Yo^ humble Serv* 

Tho: Dixon. 
These 

To the WorPfull Daniel 

Fleming Esq^ 

att Ridall-HaU 

i3 Westmoreland 



^ Cripps, in his Old English Plate ^ ed. 3, 1886, has a good pictnre of the Queen's 
CoUege hoin, but his acconnt of it has several blunders. It is never called 
' pocalnm caritatis,' though these words are used when it is passed round on the 
greater festivals of the college, nor is it likely that it was ever used in the college 
as a trumpet. The college was to be summoned to dinner ' per clarionem ' not ' per 
comu.' The horn is formed of buffalo-hom, is 19} inches high, the horn being 25 
inches long, and is said to have been presented to the coUege by ' Rob. Eglesfeild 
o** worthy found/ Cripps thinks the cover with the eagle to be of later work than 
the bands of the horn. In a list preserved of ' plate in D' Francis's time,' who was 
provost 1561-3, it appears as * j bugle horn with a cover.' 

' Solecism, properly applied to blunders in speech, was also even by the Greeks 
themselves applied to blunders in conduct The word is said to have come from 
a town Soli in Cilicia, founded by Solon, whose inhabitants lost the power of 
speaking pure Attic Greek. 

' The Wilsons of Dallam Tower in the parish of Beethom, Westmorland, were 
closely connected with the Flemings. Edward, here mentioned, had for his second 
wife Dorothy Kirkby, sister of D. F.'s mother. Edward, his son, was about this 
time married to Catherine, D. F.'s daughter, and his son, a third Edward, married 
Dorothy, Sir William Fleming's daughter and D. F.'s granddaughter. This £500 
must not be confounded with a similar sum bequeathed by Henry Wilson of 
Underley near Kirkby Lonsdale, the founder of the \yilson Exhibitions in Qneen's 
College. 

* Sec n. I, p. 265. 



272 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

CLV. 
HxNRT Fleming to Daniel Fleming (2109). 

Oxford Jftncu la (i67{) 

The want of a fitt opportunity hath detained me this long time 

from doeing this part of my duty, and being in noe hopes to haue one 

soone, I am forced to make use of the post, though haueing noe 

occasion but to aquaint you that all here are well, Soe hopeing that 

you all are the same, and with my duty to your selfe and my love to 

all my brothers and sisters I rest 

Sr 

Your dutifull son 

Henry Fleming. 
For 

Daniel Fleming 

Esqir att Rydal-hall 

near Kendal 

forward 3 These 

Post paid to London 2^. 

CLVI. 

Rev. Thomas Dixon to Daniel Fleming (2110). 

Oz^ Jan: xa (V) 

Worthy S^: 

The last I sent you was by yo' Cosen Philipson of Crooke *, 

whom I do not question but you have seen ere this, if he gott well 

home as I hope he did. These are to wish you as happy a New year, 

as the Under Graduates have done to us already in their large bundle of 

Epistles •, in some of which they wish us the enjo3rm* of our health 

& happiness ad Graecas Calendas : & in others that wee may be free 

from the headach & all other pangs (but that of y® braine, whereby 

they suppose us capable of being delivered of some rare off-spring or 

• 

* See n. 4, p. ayo. 

^ The custom of writing these epistles continned at all events down to the 
beginning of the nineteenth centnry, as I find among Proyost Collinson's papers 
the following: — ' Insignissime Prseposite, Anno jam inennte Tibi gratnlandi et 
omnia fansta comprecandi occasionem Isetus arripio, Et sum, Insignissime Pneposite, 
Tni observantissimus, Henrictts Moore.* The writer matricolated 11 Oct. 1805, 
and proceeded B.A. in 1811. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



873 






Vthcr, no less than a Minerva or some greai volumne or other) ad 
Annum Plaionicum ', & severall other such high rants whereby a 
perpeEuall serenily & prosperity is heartily wish'd. But wee dare not 
pmiss ourselves thus much in these wavering & troublesome limes, 
wherein all things are in danger of being turn'd topsie turvie. 
According to y^ present prospect of things this seemes lo be y* 
condition of our affaires, & unless the Parliam' silt againe alt j* time 
appointed*, the issue is like to be dreadfull. The late prorogation 
{brought to pass as is said by the Dutchess of Yorke ') put us all in 
a fright, & 'tis said that y^ King himself was not well pleas'd in his 
serious reflections upon it afterwards, which if true, will I hope be 
a meanes of preventing y» like for y" future ; But I need not furnish 
you with any Politick remarks. All that I shall add more is That 
a new Booke of the Bp of Lincolnes* is lately come out, 'Tis writt 
by way of a letter & licens'd by y« Bp of London ', The designe of it 
is to show the inconsistency of Popery with Monarchical! Goverm' & 
icularly with ours of this Nation, It,came downe to Oion last 
[ht The price of it is 2' in sheets, though 'tis but a thin Quarto. 



The Platonic ye»r. or the great year, is a period of time determined hy the 
iCToIatioD of tbe equinoxes ; or Ihe ipace wherein the stais aniJ conslellEtions 
letnin to Iheit fanner places, in respect of the eqainoies. The Platonic yeai, 
according to Tycho Brahc a JsSifi; according to Kicciolm 35910; according to 
Cassini 14800 yeais. This peiiod, which is more than (ire times the nge of the 
world, once iccompliihed, it was an opinion amonc the ancieotB, that Ihc 
world was to begin anew, and the same series of things lo tam over agaio. 
(Chambcra* Cychfutdia.) Dr. Money kindly gave me this quotation. Like 
tlie Greek Calends the Platonic year Kems used for a date in the future impossibly 

' Farliament had been prorogued 30 Dec to hinder the proceeding! against the 
Eail of Daoby who had been impeached by the Commons ii Dec. It was dissolved 
34 Jan. and the new parliament assembled 6 March. 

* Mai7 d'Estc, sister of the Duke of Modena, married to James in 1673, two 
years after the death of his first wife, Anne Hyde, dau^tet of lord chancellor 
Qarendon. 

* Popery 1 or, the Principles & Positions Approved by the Church of Rome 
(when Really Belicv'd and I'ractls'd) Are very Dangerous to all : and to Prolestanl 
Kings and Supreme Powen, more especially Permcioui : And Inconsistent with 
that Loyalty, whicb (by the Law of Nature and Scripture 1 is Indispensably due 10 
Sapreme Powers. In a Letter to a Person of Honor ; By T. Ifl Bishop of Lincoln. 
Re*. 18. 4. Jer. 15. 6, Come ont of her my people. least ye be partakers of her Sina 
and Plagues. In the Savoy : Printed by Tho: Ncwcomb, for James Collins in the 
Temple- Passage Irom Essex-streel. MDCLXXIX. (Bodl. 4°.) The Impiimatnr of 
the Bishop of London is dated 1 Decemb. i6;8. The half title gives the person to 
whom the book Is oddressed as my Honored Friend L. N, P. 

* Henry Complon, for whom see n, 3, p. 197. 



274 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

If you are desireous to have one I shall send you one by Bomyatts att 
his next retume, or before if you think fitt 

I am 

S^ Yo^ obleiged Serv* 
Yo' son is in good health Tho: Ddcon. 

& minds his bussiness. 

Yo^ Nephew Fletcher* went to London in order to see his 
Grandmothr' about a fortnight ago, he expected his Father' there 
before he came, but I hear since by him he came att last I suppose 
heel stay with him till y^ session of y® Parliam^ or perhaps a litle 
longer. 

These 
For the WorPfull Daniel 
Fleming £sqP 
att Rydall-hall 

near Kendall 

» 

forward 3^ ID Westmoreland 

post pd to London a^. 



CLVII 
Henry Fleming to Daniel Flsbong (2133). 

Oxofi. Feb: y« a (7J) 

Your letter and booke * I received w©^ will be very usefiill to me in 
my disputations, and allsoe 10" of Mr Simpson* who hath bene very 
noble, he treated us all yester night who came from Kendall schole 
with an excellent supper, which is very rare and costly. There is 
lately come out a booke concerning y® Popish Principls, by D' Barlow 

' See n. I, p. 237. 

* His fkther's mother Thomts Smith's wife had died 16 April, 1676. His mother't 
mother was Lacy, second daughter of Henry Montagu, first Earl of Manchester,* 
who married his maternal grandfather Hugh Hare, first Baxon Coleraiac before 
1636, and was buried 9 February, 168 1-2, at Tottenham in Middlesex. 

' Sir George, for whom see n. i, p. 5. 

* See Additional Notes. 

* See n. 7, p. 235. # 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 275 

L. Bishop of Lincoln, Price 2>*. Soe with my duty to your selfe and 
my love to my brothers and sisters I rest 

S' 

Your dutyfull son 

Henry Fleming. 
For 

Daniel Fleming Esq^ 

att Rydal near 

Kendal. 

These. 



CLVIIL 
Rev. Thomas Dixon to Daniel Fleming (2134). 

OxSi Feb: 3 (7J) 

Honored S^. 
Yo^^s dated Jan: 10*^ I rec^: by Mr Simson* (y« Bearer) As also 5* 
for yo' Sons use, though I find I was in his & yo^ debt before*. I shall 
send you the particulars by Bumyatts, I hope yo' Son will do his part, 
seeing you are ready upon all occasions to performe yours. I 
acquainted Mr Provost with what you writt concerning the 500**, and 
he has writt att p^sent to old M'^ Bellingham" according to yo' direction. 
So I hope wee shall have an answer ere long. M' Provost is gone to 
London this morning, 'tis said that the young Lord Obrian* is to come 
downe with him to our College for 6 or? weekes. S*^ Joseph Williamson^, 

* See n. 4, p. 273, 

* See n. 7, p. 235. 

' See Dixon's accounts with D. F. on acconnt of Henry, below CLXIII, p. 289. 

* See n. .^, p. 271. 

* See n. i, p. 197. 

* There are two earldoms in the 0*Brien fiimily, Thomond and Inchiquin, both 
whose heirs seem at this time to have borne the courtesy title of Lord O'Brien. 
This it certainly WiUiamson's stepson Donogh, grandson of the seventh Earl of 
Thomond, baptised 16 Sep. 1663 at Great Billing, son of Henry Lord O'Brien or 
Ibrackan, by Katharine, Baroness Clifton de Leighton Bromswold in her own 
right, only surviving lister and heir of Charles Stuart, Duke of Richmond, the last 
of the line of Stuart nearest to the royal line, the husband of ' la belle Stuart.* 
The young Lord 0*Brien married in i68a, Sophia sixth daughter of Thomas first 
Duke of Leedi^ and was drowned 5 May in the same year in the ship ' Gloucester' 
while aWendiflf Jameti Dake of York, to Scotland. 

Ta 



276 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

D^ Edisbury *, D' Yerbury ", Dr Lamphire ', D' Bouchier * (all either 
Civillians ' or Physitians) & a great many more stand to be Burgesses 
for ye University. I think wee shall chuse neith' of y« former 
(sc: Mr Lawrence Hide* or M^ Thin^) if they should appear, So that 

^ John Edisbury, b. at Pentreclawdd, co. Denbigh, son of John, esq., matricuUted 
from Brasenose College 9 Nov. 1661, aged 15 ; proceeded B.A. 1665, M.A. 1668, 
B.C.L. and D.C.L. 1672, an advocate of Doctors* Commons 167a, a master in 
chancery 1 684-1 709. He and Finch were the snccessful candidates, he getting 
245 votes and Finch 201 while Lamphire got 209. The vicechancellor continning 
the election so that those who had only given one vote might give a second if they 
pleased. Finch was returned as elected with Edisbury, Lamphire eventually 
acquiescing. See the whole story in Wood's Lift and Times, ed. Clark, \L 44^ 
Wood disliked Edisbury and says he ' carried it by the juniors and potmen, he 
being one hlmselfe.* 

' Henry Yerbury, b. at Trowbridge, Wilts, son of Edward, matriculated from 
Magdalen Hall 20 May, 1643, aged 14, demy of Magdalen College 1642-7, fellow 
1647-8, when he was turned out of his fellowship by the parliamentary visitors for 
non-submission. He had proceeded B.A. 7 Feb. 1645-6. During the Common* 
wealth he went abroad, became D.M. of Padua in 1654, was restored to his fellow- 
ship 1660, which he held till 25 March, 1686, when he died and was buried in the 
College chapel. Bloxam (v. 176 sqq.) has some details about his college squabbles. 
He became D.M. of Oxford 1658-9, and of Cambridge 1668. 

' John Lamphire, b. at Winchester, son of George, entered Winchester College 
as a scholar in 1627, was elected scholar of New College, whence he matriculated 
19 Aug. 1634, aged 20 ; was fellow 1636-48, when he was bursar, and expelled by 
the parliamentary visitors, was restored in 1660, proceeded B.A. 1638, M.A. 1641-2, 
was created D.M. 1660. He was made Camden professor of ancient history 1660, 
principal of New Inn Hall 1662, and transferred to Hart Hall 1663, holding the 
principalship vrith the professorship till his death 30 March, 1688, aged 74. He 
was buried in the chapel of New College. He was really elected burgess of the 
University on this occasion with Dr. Edisbury, but eventually acquiesced in the 
return of Heneage Finch. He was Antony Wood's doctor, and is described by 
him as a public-spirited man, active in promoting street-repairs and the like. 

^ Thomas Bouchier or Boucher matriculated from Magdalen Hall 19 Nov. 1650, 
became fellow of All Souls, proceeded B.C.L. 31 July, 1658, D.C.L. 30 June, 1663, 
was regius professor of dvil law 167 2-1 7 12, and principal of St. Alban Hall 1679- 
1723. He was employed by lord Clarendon to prosecute Antony Wood, who is 
consequently not fond of him and regards the death of his son and heir at Witney 
of the small-pox ' as a great judgement for his covetousness and grinding of the 
poor.' 

' That is Doctors of Civil Law. 

' Laurence Hjrde, son of Edward, Earl of Clarendon, afterwards Earl of Rochester, 
had now been burgess of the University since 1661. He was first Lord of the 
Treasury 1679-84, and again 1685-7, the principal instrument of the high Tory 
reaction during the last years of Charles IL He was made M.A. by diploma 
4 Feb. 1660-1, and created D.CL. 1700. He was lord-lieutenant of Ireland 
1700-3, and high steward of the University 1 709-11. He died suddenly 2 May, 
171 1, and was buried in Westminster Abbey. 

7 Thomas Thynne, son of Sir Henry Frederick Thynne first baronet, matriculated 
from Christ Church 21 Apr. 1657, F.R.S. 1664, burgess for the University from 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 277 

I hope M' Secretary* will be one, wee shall do all wee can for him in 
our House & use what interest wee can in other Houses* The Bp of 
Uncolne* has bestow'd y^Arch-Deaconiy of Bedford upon his chaplaine 
M' Skelton ' lately, & hees now considering whether he should take 
a Parsonage lately fallen to the College in Hantshire^ I want time as 
well as more Newes, and do therefore remaine 

S' Yo' most obleiged Serv* 
my humble service Tho: Dixon. 

to M' Waiiam • &c 
Yo"" Nephew • p^sents his respects 
to him & his duty to yoo. 
These 

To the WorPfull Daniel 
Fleming Esq/' att 
RydaUHaU 
@ Westmoreland 
p^sent 

CLIX. 
Rev. Thomas Dixon to Danisl Fleming (2157)^ 

OxoS March y* 23 (7J) 

Worthy S' 

I rec^: yo' last dated March y« 8 inclosed in yo^ Nephews, 

1674 till 1678-9, and afterwards for Tamworth, succeeded his father 1680, and to 
Longleate on the murder in Pali-Mall of his cousin Thomas Thynne, and was 
created Viscount Weymouth i68a. He, ' tho* not a nonjuror, did himself honour by 
ofifering to the roost virtuous of the non-jurors (Bishop Ken) a tranquil and dignified 
asylum in the princely mansion of Longleat.* He died 38 July, 17 14, and was 
succeeded by his grandnephew, who was the ancestor of the Marquesses of Batlu 
^ L e. Williamson. ' Thomas Barlow, for whom see n. 4, p. 197. 

' See n. 3, p. 119, and n. i, p. 223. * See Additional Notes. 

* See n, 2, p. 209. • Henry Fletcher, for whom see n. i, p. 237. 

' Enclosed in this letter was A Seasonable Lampoon for the Parliament, in 
manuscript {R,P, 2159), consisting of thirteen verses of which the first and last are 
here given as a sample : 

Would you send Kate to Portugall, 
Great James to be a Cardinall, 
And Prince Rupert Admirall, 
This is Uie time. 



W^ould yon tume Papists from y« Queen, 
Cloyster up fulsome Mazarine, 
And once more make Charles King again, 
This is the time. 



278 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

& should be glad I were able to make good y^ character vr^ I perceive 
some have been pleas'd to give of me in relation to yo' Son. I shall 
endeavour to serve yo^ RelaSSns as much as I am able, & also to 
gratify you att present with what Newes our University & College 
affords. As to the former, I suppose you have seen a List of our 
Burgesses. There were 3 that stood sc: Heneage Finch £sq^ (the 
Kings SoUidtor Generall & 2^ or 3^ Son to the Chancellour) 
D' Edisbury' (of Brasenose D' of Laws) & D' Lamphire'(PrincipaU of 
Hart-hall & professor of Physick) betwixt whom & the first it being 
hard to judge who had the more Votes after y« Scrutators had brought 
y« votes to y® Vicechancellour, the Vicechancellour understanding that 
severall had but given in one Vote, upon a trick, he told them such as 
had done so, might appear & give their second if they pleas'd, &iny^ 
meane time it was buzz'd about that Finch had lost it, which made y^ 
D' ^ begin to consider that it might go worse wth him, if he run a second 
hazard, w<^ made him unwilling to allow of what ye Vicechancellour 
ppos'd, whereupon he protested ag^ y^ election & some others with 
him, but 'twas carried ag^ him, & 'tis suppos'd heel acquiess in his 
defeat. S^ Joseph * desisted long before y® election, because they had 
voluntarily chose him for the place he was of before : You have heard 
of his great match with y® Lady Obrian ' (who is said to be worth 5 or 



^ Heneage Finch, second son of the first Earl of Nottingham, educated at West- 
minster and at Christ Church, where he matriculated 18 Nov. 1664, aged 15. He 
was barrister of the Inner Temple^ where he was known as * the silyer-toi^ed 
Finch,* K.C. 1677, solicitor-general 1678-9, conducted Lord Russell's prosecution 
1683, ' with more of a vicious eloquence than law,' removed by James II 1686, one 
of the counsel for the seven bishops 1688, M.P. for the University of Oxford 1679, 
for Guildford 1685, and for the University again in 1689 and in subsequent 
parliaments except 1698 till he was made Baron of Gemsey or Guernsey 1703, and 
privy councillor. He was created Earl of Aylesford 1714, was for a short time 
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, and died 1719. His father, of the same 
name, ' the Chancellour,' was a prominent politician in the reign of Charles II, and 
figures as Amri in Dryden*s Absalom and AchitopheL He was created Earl of 
Nottingham in 1681, and died in 1682. For the robbery of his maoe see n. 5, 
p. 219. The lives of both father and son are in D, N, B, 

* See n. i, p. 276. 

' See n. 3, p. 276. He was Professor of Ancient History, not of Physick. 
^ sc. Lamphire. 

* Williamson, see n. 3, p. 139. 

* See n. 6, p. 275. She married her first husband, who was eldest son and heir 
apparent of Henry seventh Earl of Thomond, about 1661. He was buried 9 Sept 
1678 in Westminster Abbey and she married Williamson within three months. 
She outlived him about a year, being buried in Westminster Abbey with both 

-her husbands 11 Nov. 1702. 



r 



¥ 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

6300* per afiQ) since he was eclips'd att Court' : He designs to livL- 
K* her in j* country for y mosl part. 'Tis s^d the young Lord 
(who is about 13 yeares of age) will be sent to our College shortly*. 
if all things succeed well above as 'lU hoped they will. As for 
College newes wee have had some alterac6ns lately amongst y« 
ffellowes, for a of them (sc: Mr Sketton ' our Senior who lives w"" y* 
Bp of Lincolne, & Mr Nanson* my imediale Junior) have taken 
i College Parsonages lately one whereof is said to be worth aoo* 
J) anu & the other above an loo*. Mr Wharton' (our 3** Senior 
whom Mr Sands ' educated) also dy'd lately : & instead of these 3 wee 
took in Sony 15 of this month, sc: lA^ Bradfy'', ^l^ Rook*,Shepheard', 

WilliamiOD lot hit post of secietaiy of itale in Februarjr 167S-9, being 
iffuceedcd hj the Earl of SniuleTluiil. 

Dti lUler viiQm. He never joined the College. See n. 6, p. 175. 
See n. 3, p. ■ 



• Seen. 



. P- '3'. 



' Gilbert Wharton entered Qoeen's College ** a balier 1 1 Usr, and matriculated 
96 Odobei, 1660. He proceeded B.A, 15 Oct, 1664, M.A. 7 May, 1668, B.D. 
19 July. 1677. He «a> elected uberdar 13 Jnne, 1663, fellow 4 MBrch, 1668-9, 
and admilted ibe Hme day. He was canierarius in 1674-5, '"'^ thesauiariiu 
J676-7, and was rector of St. CUment'i, Oifotd, Itom 1674, till bis death, while 
Mill a lcUo«, in Fcbniniy 1678-9. He wai buried in the old chapel. 

' Thit may be either (1) Edwin Sandys of Eathwaile, son of Samuel (for wbora 
(ee n. 3, p. 16) who ' lived some time at Kendal in Westmorland, where he granted 
Mme land to the free-scbool there, wbicb is still known by the name of Saodyi'i 
clwe or field* (West's /IniiquilUi of Funun, ed. W. Close, Ulverslon, 1805, 
p. 331) ; or ()) Thomas Sandes, of Kendal, who founded an eibibition nt Queoi's 
College for a scholar from Kendal (Nlcbobon's Armals 0/ Kemfal, p. 191). 
W'harton af^iean from A Bake off Rtardt af KtrtbUktndaU to have been a not 
DDCOiDinon Dame at Kendal in the seventeenth cenlury. 

' Seen. I, p. 165. 

* William Raoke,b, at Workington, Cnmberland, entered Queen'iColIege II Oct. 
ubatler, and mairiculaled ii Oct. 1669, aged 17, son of J. He proceeded B.A. 

16 May, 1674: M.A. 30 Oct. 16771 B.D. 11 Apt. 169a, His election as tabcrdar 
is omitted from the College Register. He was elected and admitted fellow 
15 Haich, 1678-g. He was canierarius from iC93 to KiSj, and tbcsaurarius 
l69&'l and again 1693-4. He was vicar of Plunutead 1691, which apparently did 
not vacate his fellowship, and being senior fellow was presented by Ibe College to 
the rectory ofHedley, Hants, in 1695, 

* Two persons of the name of Rubeit Sheepherd entered Quceo'i College as 
b«3er» 00 snccettivc days, Jj and »6 March, 1670. They both matiiculatcd 

17 May, 1670; were both elected 'In panperea pueros (sen scholaies de ubcrdS) ' 
to Dec 1674, as Shepheird scu. and Shepheard jun. ; and l>oth proceeded to Ibe 
degree of B.A. 6 Feb. 1674-5. The senior wu son of Chiisiopher, was bom at 
Keatmire in Wcilmorlacd. and was 19 at the lime of his matriculation. The 
jnniar who is the person moitioned in the test was bom at CaJdbeck, is Ciimbei- 
land, ton of Richard, and was 18 when be was matrlcalated. He proceeded M.A. 
I July, 167S, and was elected fellow, as Dixon mys, with the four othcnij March, 



28o THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

Tuiiy *, & Lancaster '. One Compton • (who was second Senior) misst. 
The 2 Juniors of these 5 were sent into France by S' Joseph *, and 
Rook is his Mathematick Lecturer'. The names of y® Fellows before 
were Mr SkiUon\ Mr CrostwhaiW, Mr Wharton*, Mr MtU*, myself, 
Mr Nanson^^, Mr Simson^, Mr Throughere^, Mr Ward^, Mr Halton^\ 

1678-9. He only enjoyed his fellowship for a year, his name disappears from the 
Long Roll for the fourth quarter of 1679-80, and administration of his property was 
granted at Oxford 8 Mar. 1680. 

^ George Tully was bom at Carlisle. His father was Isaac, a merchant and 
mayor of Carlisle, who wrote ' A Narrative of the Siege of Carlisle in 1644 and 
1645/ which is one of Jefferson's Carlisle Tracts, Isaac's will is in Cumbd, &» 
Westmd, ArcJueological Transactions, xi. 114 sqq., proved 1 661, in which his son 
t^orge is mentioned as not yet of age. George entered Queen's Collie as batler 
II May, and matriculated 17 May, 1670, aged 17. He proceeded B.A. 6 Feb. 
1674-5, M.A. I July, 1678. He was elected taberdar 10 Dec. 1674, and fellow, 
as here described, 1 5 March, 1678-9. He continued fellow till the middle of i68a. 
He was chaplain to Richard Sterne, archbishop of York (1664-83), who had been 
bishop of Carlisle (1660-4), was canon and subdean of York 1680, preacher of 
St. Nicholas in Newcastle-upon-T3rne, rector of Gateshead, co. Durham, 1691 until 
his death 1695. There is an unfavourable account of him in Heame, ed. Doble^ 
iL 94; and a favourable one in Wood's Athena, ed. Bliss, iv. 433. There is 
a notice of him also iaD.MB. at the end of the life of his more celebrated uncle 
Thomas, who was fellow of Queen's 1643, ^^^ principal of St. Edmund Hall 
1658. 

« See n. 3, p. 244. 

* Richard Compton, entered Queen's College as batler 15 March, and matri- 
culated 26 March, 1669, aged 16. He was son of Richard and bom at Brough 
Sowerby in Westmorland, proceeded RA. 19 February, 1673, M.A. 37 June, 1677. 
He was, it would seem from Dixon's statement, a taberdar of the College, but his 
election is not in the College Register, which was at this time kept with less than 
its usual accuracy, 

* Williamson, see n. 3, p. 139. 
' See Additional Notes. 

* See n. 3, p. 119; and n. i, p. 223. 
^ Seen. 2, p. 223. 

« See n. 5, p. 279. 

* See n. 4, p* 232. 
*• See n. 2, p. 232. 

" William Sympson, Simpson, or Simson, bom at Ashes, Cumberland, entered 
Queen's College as batler 10 March, and matriculated 23 March, 1665-6, aged 19. 
His father's name was William. He proceeded B.A. 14 June, 1670 ; and M.A. 
19 Feb. 1673-4. His election as taberdar does not occur in the College Register. 
He was elected fellow 10 Dec. 1674. He was camerarius in 1680-1. He vacated 
his fellowship at the beginning of 1682, when he was promoted to the vicarage of 
Monk Sherbome, Hants. 

" See n. 6, p. 228. 

" See n. 5, p. 228. 

** Brother of Timothy, the provost, for whom see n. i, p. 104. John entered 
Queen's College aa battler 2 1 October, and matriculated 13 Dec. 1667, aged 17. He 



l4t Mr SingUlon^. S^ Joseph has rorFeiled his ffellowship by his 
nuuriage. The Bp of LincolDe has put out a p^face lately before 
some lett" & speeches relateing to y* Gun-powder plot in K. James's 
tin>e* : The price of all together is 3s - 4d. Dates (the first discoverer 
of y« late plot, whose picture is come out lately) has put out a sermon 
w*!" he preachd in London'; ft translated a discovery of the mysteiy 

WM bora at Grejslock, CumbcrlaniJ. His fatlier's name was Miles. He proceeded 
B.A. 14 May, i6;i : M.A. i July, 1675; 6.D. i\ Oct 1684. Htj election u 
taberdai U not io tlie Collt^c Register. He waa elected fellow 3 Feb. 1675-6. 
He was senior proctor of the Uniieisity in 1G81, with Kicliard Oliver of St Jobn*« 
u his colleagDe. It was at this time usbsI to eleut one of the Proctors, usually the 
Senior, to While's Pcofessoiship of Moral Pbilosophy, and Halton acems to have 
held it as a sinecure from 1681 to 16S7. He was camcrarius k 16B1-3, and 
tltesaurarius from ]6Si to l686. He vacated hit fellowship at the end of iIjS8 on 
his promotion to the rectory of Sulliamstead Abbots with Sulhamstead Bannister, 
Berkt. Foster {Al, Ox. t.v.) says he was made prebendary of St. David's in 168a, 
where Timothy had been prebendary 16115-71, and was still canon residentiary 
(ince tSGa and archdencon of Brecon since 1671. A William Halton held 
Tinothy's prebend of Clydey from 1G7J to 16S8, bat John's name is not in the 
Uiti in Jones and Freeman's Hislaiy and Antiqiiltei ef St. DaviiT s ,'LonAoa, 1856. 
Le Nere does not give the prebendaries before 1714. 

' Zachaiiah Singleton, son of Richard, who probably mntr^caialed ftom Balliot 
College, 11 Dec 1634, aged iS, and in that case grandson of Isaac, a Brasenose 
man. elected fellow of All Souls, chancellor and arctidcacan of Carlisle, rector of 
Great Salkeld and vicar of Crosthwaite, was born at his father's rectory of 
Melmerhy in Cumberland, entered Queen's College ns battler 3 April, and matri- 
ctllaled 10 April, 16G8, aged 17. He proceetted B.A. 19 Feb. 1673-4, and M.A. 
»J June, 1677. His election as Ulierdar is not in the Collie Register. He was 
elected fellow 'unanimi coniensa Euffragantinm ' 14 Dec. 1677, and admitted the 
same day. He held his fellowship till the aatamn of l6So. 

' The Cnn powder-Treason : With a Discourse of the Manner of its Discovery ; 
md A Perfect Relation of the Proceedings against those horrid Conspirators; 
Whertin is Contained their Examinations, Try als, and Condemnations: likewise 
King James's Speech to Both Houses of Parliament, On that Occasion; Now 
Reprinted, A Preface touching that Horrid Conspiracy, By the Right Reverend 
Fathetin God, Thomas Lord Bishop of Lincoln. And by way of Appendix, Several 
Papers or Lctten of Sir Everard Digby, Chietty relating to the Gunpowder-Plot, 
Never before Printed. London, Printed by Tho. Newcomb, and H. Hills, and are 
tobesoldby Walter Ketlilby, at the Bishops Head in St. Paul's Churchyard. 1679. 
(Sm. 8". Qneen's Collie Library.) 

' A Semion preached at St. Michaels Wood-street, At the request of some 
Friendi ; and now pnblished To prevent Mistakes. By Tilns Oaies, D.D. There 
It one God, and one Mediator betwixt God and Mas, the Man Christ Jesus, who 
I«Te biinscir a Ransonic for all. 1 Tim. 2. 5. 6. London, Printed by H. Hills 
and T. Newcomb, for Gabriel Knnholt. Book-bhider to bis Higbnee Prince 
Rnpert, uid are to be suld at his Shop at the Fost-ofiice over against the Muse, at 
the Sign of the King's Head. 1679. CSm.4» Qneen's College Library.) The leit 
of the Sermon, which is dcdiwted to Prince Rupert, is Malth. 18. 11, The Son of 
Man is come to save that which was lost. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



of ye laiquily' : But jou have these i 
add the humble service of 



■f Gazett, so that I shall only I 

y Yo' faithfull Freind 
Id his power 

Tho: Dkos. 



Yo' Nephew' is in yC debt for 

yc last, he prsents his duly to you. 

My respects to Mr William ' S all w* you. 

These forward 3 

For the WorPfull Daniel 

Fleming £sqP att 

Rydall Hall 

near Kendall 

13 Westmoreland 

To be sent by y" Post to Lancaster 
& so to Kendall. 



Post pd to London t^. 



Sf 



CLX. 
Hbnry Flkmiug to Daniel Fleming (aiS^)- 

Oiffi April y* 19. 79, 



Yours of Mar. y« 8 I received, and I am very glad to hear that 
you are all well ; and I would not have delayed wrileing soe long, but 
that I thought to haue writ with Rich. Bumyeats *, who should haue 
bene here ere this; but not being yett come I make bold to write 

' An exact Discovery of Ibe Mystery of Ini quit y As it is now in Practice ■mongrt 
the Jesuits ani! olhcT tlieir Emii^oriet : Witti a paiticulat Accoant of ibeir Anll- 
christian and DeviDiih Policy. Cotnpofied in the Itsliiio Tongue by One of (he 
Romish Relit^oa, Translated into English, and now newly Published by Titiu 
Oatn, D-D. John 8. 44. Ye are of your Father the E>evil, and the Intts of your 
Fathei ye will do ; he was a Maidecer from the beginning, and abode not in the 
Truth; because there is no Truth la him. Licensed and Entred accordii^ 10 
Order. London, Printed by Tho. James for Benj. Harris at the Stationers Atmi in 
Sweetings Rents in CoinhUl, near the Royal Exchange. 1679. (Sm. 4°. Queen'* 
College Library.) 

' Henry Fletcher, for whom see n. I, p. 337. 

' William Fleming, D. F.'i eldest son, for whom sec n. 1, p. 109. 

' See n. 6, p. 163. 




THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 2^3 

now, to acquaint you, 7^ I shall shortly want a new sute, my old one 

being almost gone : Soe y^ I might know before I want whether you 

would be pleased to buy y^ cloth their or here, which I belive is much 

cheaper and as fashonable their, which if you doe you can not send 

a wrong colour if you miss black ; which is very seldome worn by any 

but Doctors, masters and Bachelours^. Mr Wharton * one of our Senior 

fellows died lately, who was very kind to me when I came, and 

I belive would haue bene a good frinde to me if he had lived. Soe 

with my duty to your selfe, and my love to all my brothers and sisters, 

I rest 

Sr 

Your dutifuU son 

Henry Fleming. 
My cousen Henry • 

presents his ser- 
vice to you. 

For forward 3 

Daniel Fleming Esq^r 
att Rydall-hall near 
Kendal 

These. 

Post paid to London 2^. 

CLXI. 
Henry Fleming to Daniel Fleming (2169). 

Oxo& May y* a, 79. 

S' 
Haueing soe fitt an oppertunity I could not omitt troubleing 
Mr Duckett * (who was pleased to take Oxford in his roode) with y« 

' Characterising the period following the Restoration, Wood, who was no friend 
of the followers of Cromwell, vmtes : — ' Their aime is not to live as students onght 
to do, viz. temperat, abstemious, and plaine and grave in the apparell ; but to live 
like gent., to keep dogs and horses, to tume their studies and coleholes in places to 
receive bottles, to swash it in apparell, to weaie long periwigs, etc ; and the 
theologists to ride abroad in grey coats with swords by their sides.' {Life and 
Times t ed. Clark, i. 423.) Again (ib. ii. 96), among ' divers things disired by most 
sober men to be reformed/ he specifies ' Extravicand in apparell, having their suits 
and hats dect with colored ribbons, and long haire periwiggs : and extravagancie 
in their gownes.' 

* See n. 5, p. 379. • Fletcher, see n* I, p. 237. 

^ This may be either Anthony or Richard. See n. a, p. ao6. 



Mi 



Wfi: FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



\ ^\ N)kV \il WW* \\\\*\ who )wdt treated us all very nobleljr, soe hopeing 
\\\1\\ \\'\\ *.\t t\\ yMl *l(>> B>J *>ly lo your seUe, and my love to my 
W\t^« M^ IMNW : t ml 

TovdotrfaD son 

HKttT Flshing. 



^^ '>»Mi^t- "a» ?• lTnbk. FunsG (1170). 

a«aM.7rBii(79) 

. wk4 ~^im» jwn p i. Nmio'' knr ft maoej safe to my 

«r^ .,o:««M. -Wa & ^uavc Me die s^' and wtk the 5* yo' 

■ ■^ij-n ' \-^^;3m^9im^ya^'itrif^fVi3Bt) and Ift 4 or 

^^'^*,u.jt^-F«ia&. 'v^ ^!M^ ^awitfa in my oew cbamber, & I 

._ , _ i ', ,^ J t ,< tMot t i i»l of boBSewarming. The 

>v->w^ -< o -■* "" -t*Jo«"as- 'Jmi are come downe w* y* 

V ')» ^^^ia^pittMV tlhiji ' dt Luaaster') w«rc of y« company, 

« < .< -lU- irfti-ff T -^ Lauciswr «bo has some estate lo 

- >«>uk -t .'liMC U|r ^'^ S' JoliD ' to Oxdii & is now 






MB oi C(^ Joha Lowther, 

of Sit Richard 

lOf^ H Hadctauipe Hall, io Lowtber 

V Flwafnth. 'iaufjOa utd coheircn of Sir 

'WCKDiwikiRi, bwt. He ennrcd Quecn't 





THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



■Tnlor to his a Nephews ') I suppose wiU give you a visilt before their 
Knirae. The oth' 2 may possibly waile upon you likewise. Mr Tully 
l<(«hose bussiness is lo part v^ some houses id Carlite) is nephew lo 
I3* I> who was Prindpall of Edmund hall '. There is one Gilpin" 
I (a Batcheler of Arls, late of y« foundation) also come downe, who is 
10 be Schoolmaster of St Bees* : and one Nevinson' a poor child & one 

cntnuicB uid slay at Qaeen's College are in Appendix K. He sncceeded his 
gtajni£ither in the baronetcy in 1675, wns batrisler-at-law Inner Temple 1677, M, P. 
for Westmotlnnd in seyco pailinroenls between 1677 and 1696, and was a lealoiu 
provotel of the Rerolirtion. He was made a privy conndllor ig Feb. 1688-9, 
laistd lo the peerage as Viscount Lonsdale, and Baron Lowthet iS May, 1696, 
and died 10 Jnly. 1 700. 

' The two 'nephews' were really halr-nnclei, sons of S' John's grandfather by 
hi* second wife, Eliiabeth, daughter of Sir John Hare of Stowe Bardolph, Norfolk, 
They were William, the si»th son, bom 17 April, 1659, who entered Queen's College 
a* commoner t Dec., matriculated 15 Dec. 1677, and was barrister-al-Iaw of the 
Middle Temple 1685; and Robert, the seventh son, who was bom 17 Feb. 1661-3, 
entered Queen's College as commoner 13 Jan. and matriculated 4 Feb. 

^ 1678-9. He was student of Middle Temple 1678, and M.P. for Westmoiland 
' Thomas Tullie was bora at Carlisle 13 July, 1610, entered Queen's Colle^ 
ai batler in Mjcbaelmas Term, and matrieulated 17 October, 1634. His father's 
Mme was Ccoige, and be was brother to Uanc the mayor, who wrote the account 
of the siege. Heptoceeded B^t 4 July, ifijg, M,A. i Nov. 1641, ED. 13 Jnly, i6j7, 
■ndD.D. 9NDV. 1G60. He was elected taberdar 16 Mny, 1639, fellow 13 Novemb. 
1643, and principal of Edmund Hall ti Dec. 1658. He was presented to the rectory 
of Gritlleton lo Wiltshire in 1657, bat was allowed lo keep his fellowship with it 
till bit election lo Edmund Hall, because it was doubtful whether he would get 
acy emolument from the living. He was Dudley Eihibifioner si Oriel CoU^c 
(see n. 3, p. 119) from 1636 lo 1639. He was roaster of Telbury grammar school, 
chaplain in orftinary to Charles H, and dean of Ripon from April 1675 until hit 
death on the following 14 January. He submitted to the parliamentary viiitois. 
He wrote a poem in French in Ihc volume of Oxford Poems on the return of Queen 
Mary from Holland in 1643. His life is in Athtna, and in D. N. B. 

' Bernard Gilpin, son of Alan, bom at Strickland, Westmorland, entered Queen's 
College as batler in Jannary, and matricolated 13 Feb. 1673-4, aged 18. He 
proceeded RA, 5 July, 1678. 

' 'An entry in Ihe Raster Book' of St. Bees School ' shows that on Jone 19th, 
■ 679,Mr. Bemard Gilpin prodnceil an Instrument to the governors pment, whereby 
it appeared Ibat Timothy Halton, Ihe then Provost, had appointed him school- 
master. I hare striven in vain to lind his position In the Gilpin family, to which 
his Christian name indicates, beyond docbt, thai he must have belong. Hig 
occupancy of his office was very brief. He was buried at St. Bees, May i9lh, 16S1.' 
(Jackson's Paptrs and Pedigrees, ii. soj.) He Wns pcrhapi Ihe sod of Alan and 
Dorothy Strickland who married him as her second husband and whose maiden 
name it unknown. If so he was grandson of Martin, son of William, the eldest 
brnlber of the Apostle of the North. (See Jackson't Pedigree of ihe Gilpins in hi» 
edition of the j»frw/o(>/fl/ /Jr. Richard GVpi", Lond. 1879.) 

* Thomas Neriion or Ncvinson, b. at Woodhcad, Westmorland, son of Edward, 



L_". iLe 



•IS- 



-"^- i> 



3: 



" ' •&■ 



— - . 



eldest i 
rietchi-; 
parish, \. 
Henry lie, 
College as 
entered as L. 



<*».. . .V.M.. 






w Hi*. -% "he 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 287 

adjacent, & 'tis possible y^ Terrae-filius * may make a Nosegay of it att 
y« Act. Mr Norris of Exeter* & Mr Barrow of Corpus Christi' are 
lately chose Procters for y® ensueing year. You may see in a Cycle * 
att y® end of y® Statutes what Colleges those officers are to be of for 
these 20 yeares & upwards, one of them is to be of our College 
2 years hence '. Wee have an account out of Scotland of a barbarous 
ft horrid assassinacon lately comitted upon y® Archbishop of 
St Andrews'. The Presbyterians in both kingdoms begin to drive 
furiously & high. I wish y® Church well secur'd from y« Kirk as well 



' The Teme filii were two inceptors generally in Arts who made speeches, one 
CO Act Saturday and one on Act Monday, fnll of personalities and often of mere 
filth, which often earned expalsion or abject apology. They were appointed by 
the Proctors. (Wood's Life and Times ^ ed. Claric, v. 151.) 

' Samuel Norris, matriculated from Exeter College 5 Apr. 1661, aged 17, B.A. 
1666, M.A. 1669, B.D. 1680, on the termination of his Proctorship, rector of 
Tylehurst 1681, and of Englefield 1708. (Boase, Reg. ColL Excn. 117.) 

* Hugh Barrow, matriculated from Christ Church 3 July, 1663, elected scholar 
of Corpus Christi College 6 Oct 1663, fellow 1673, B.A. 1666-7, M.A. 1669-70, 
B.D. 1681, 'rector of Heyford Purcells, or Heyford ad Pontem near Bister in 
Oxfordshire, hath written A brief account of the Nullity of K, James's Tit/e, anU 
0f the Obligation of the present Oaths of Allegiance, Lond« 1689 qu. He is 
a leaned man and able to wAXjt other things, which would, without doubt, be 
more pleasing to the sober part of scholars.' (Wood, Fasti, ii. 380.) 

* The two Proctors of the University were anciently elected in Convocation ; but, 
the election having become very tumultuous, the method was changed by an 
ordinance of King Charles I, and from the year 1629 the choice was made within 
the several Colleges according to a cycle of twenty-three years. {Historical 
Register^ p. a8.) In the original edition of the Landian Statutes the Cycle is twice 
xeferred to, but is not set out. In the quarto edition of the Statutes published in 
1768 the Cycle appears after the Statuta Aularia which were at the end of the 
original printed code. The Epinomis, which is printed at the end of Griffiths and 
Shadwell's edition, is added in writing at the end of the vellum copy of the original 
code belonging to Queen's College. But the Book of Statutes to which Dixon here 
refers is probably not the ftiU body of them but the < Statuta Selecta h Corpore 
Statutorum Vniversitatis Oxon. Vt in promptu & ad manum sint, quse magis ad 
usnm (prsecipu^ luniorum) &cere videntur. Excusa cum licentii Typis Guil: 
Taxner, TypOgraphi Vniversitatis, pro Guil: Webb, An. Dom. 1638,' published 
anonjmonsly by Thomas Crosfield, Fellow of Queen's College. It was reprinted 
with the title Parecbolse, sine Excerpta h Corpore Statutorum Universitatis 
OxonkDtii, In 1661, 1674, i68a, 1693, and frequently in the eighteenth and nine- 
teenth centuries ; and in the middle of the latter century was given to undergraduates 
at matriculation. In the edition of 167 1, which was probably the one to which 
Dixon wmi lefiaxing, the ordo sive series electionis Procuratorum, followed by the 
Statuta Carolina which prescribed it, comes at the end of the book, after the 

* Jolm Haltoo (for whom see n.14, p.aSo) was the Queen's proctor in 1681. 

* Aichbiihop Sharp was murdered at Magus-mnir in Fifeshire 3 May, 1679. 



/' 



288 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

as yo Conclave^, I have inclosd yc^ Sons Accounts till Ladj day 

last herein'. If any thing be amiss therein it shall be amended by 

St 

Yo' most obleiged Frdnd & Servant 

Tho: Dixon* 
These 

To the Worpfall 

Daniel Fleming 

Esqf att 

RydaU-hall 

IB Westmoreland 

p'sent. 



CLXm. 

Henry Fleming's College Accounts^ 
July 1678 to March 1679 (2406 a). 

Flemings Accounts betwixt his entrance July y^ 19 (78) k Lady 

Day (79) 

£ s d 

Jnp'is For makeing his Gowne • » . . .046 

To the Mercer for some Materialls to it . .049 

Paid in Caudon money ' to y« College . . .500 

For the use of a Bed before his owne was fitted up o i 6 

For Cording & matt for his own bed . . .010 

To the Polsterer * for Bed & Bolster . . .220 

more for Curtaines & chaires . . . . o 1 1 6 

Pd to y® Stationer for Bookes Aug; 13 . . .120 

Batles first Quarter, sc: Long Vac: . . .272 

Tutorage this Quarter o 10 o 

Chamber & Studdy ^ 068 

Bedmaker ft Laundress 040 

^ i. e. against the Presbyterians as well as against the Romanists. The conclave 
is the gathering of the Cardinals for the election of a Pope. 

• See below CLXIH. 

' The amount of Caution Money was the same in 1678 as in 1652. See XXIV, 
p. 38. 

• i. e. the Upholsterer. 

• ' Camera * the common bedroom ; ' Musaeom * the separate study. See n. 10, 
p. 3- 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



289 



Barber this Quarter 

Batles Ten Mich . 

Tutorage & Studdy 

Bedmaker, Laundress & Barber 

Batles Ter. Nat: . 

Tutorage & Studdy 

Bedmaker, Laundress & Barber 

Pd to y« Stationer for Bookes Feb; 

For an Oval Table March y® 26 . 

Pd for a paire of Shooes May y« 2 (79) 

For mending Glass in his chamber 



15 



o 2 

3 5 
o 16 

o 6 

3 5 
o 16 

o 6 

o 10 

o 3 

o 3 
o I 



Pue in all 



22 12 



Rec^ July y« 21 (78) . 
More of Bumyatts * Oct: 20 (78) . 
More of Mr Simson' (Jan: 31 (7^) 
More of Burnyatts May y« 2 (79) . 



• 13 
. 10 

• 6 
. 5 



Mr Dixon's Accompt 
for my son Henry 
F. till Mar. 25. 79'. 



o 
o 
o 
o 



6 
6 
8 
6 

7 
8 

6 

o 

o 

9 
o 



o 
o 
o 
o 



Rec^ in all • 33 o o 



So rem: in my hand3 May ^o (79) 10 7 3 



I. 



St 



CLXIV. 

Henry Fleming to Daniel Fleming (2 171). 

Qx^. May la. 79. 



Your letters of April y« 10 and 29 I have received, with the i5» 
which you sent me, and I am very glad to hear you are well. I belive 
Mr Dixon doth send now with Ri. Bumyeats an accompt of all 
disburstments ; for he told me this last week that he would. To 
acquaint you how far I have proceded in my study ; for y« forenoon 
haveing read all Sandersons Logick ^ I must begin y^ next week in 

* Acknowledged in CLIII, p. a66. 

' Acknowledged in CLVIII, p. 275. 

' This is endorsed in D. F.*s handwriting. 

* See n. 4, p. 351. He had bronght this np with him from home. 

U 



290 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

Ethicks*; and for y« afternoon I read History such as Lu. Floras', 
Salust', Historia ab urbe condito* &c and for exercise, I make Greek 
or Latin verses every week, and sometime Declamations *. Soe with 
my duty to your self and my love to my brothers and sisters I rest 

St 
t belive one of our Your dutjrfull Son 

fellows called Mr Singleton * Hsnrt Flsming. 

doth goe into Cumberland 
with Ri. Burayeats. 

For 

Daniel Fleming Esq*' 
att Rydal-hall near 
Kendall* 

These. 



CLXV. 
Henry Fleming to Daniel Fleming (2190). 



S* 



Oxofi July y 5. 79. 



After soe long a silence I could noe longer omit writeing to 
acquaint you that I haue received y® cloth and y« rest of y« things 
which Mr Simpson^ of Kendal sent, But Allan Beatman^ being nugligent, 

* See below CLXVII, and n. i, p. 294. 

' Another of the books he brought up with him. See p. 353. 

' Sallust seems to have been a popular book at the Universities at this time. 
Christopher Wordsworth specifies four editions of this author as published bj 
Oxford and Cambridge scholars in the first thirteen years of the eighteenth century. 
{JScholm AcademUmy pp. 394-7.) 

* This is probably Entropius, Eutropii Breviarium Historise Romanse ab Vrbe 
coodita ad annum ejusdem Vrbis M.c.ix., as it appears in a collection of Epitomes 
of Roman History published at Amsterdam in 1637. (<a™*« Queen's College 
Library.) 

* See n. i, p. 363, 

* See n. i, p. aSi. 
^ See n. 7, p. 235. 

' This seems to be the Bateman mentioned below in Dixon*s Account, No. 
CLXXXII, p. 315. If he was a carrier, he probably belonged to the £unily of Bate- 
man living at this time at Blease Hall, about four miles from Kendal on the upper 
road to Kirkby Lonsdale. Henry Bateman, whose name is carved over one of the 
doorways at Blease, was a carrier to and from London and York with pack-horses, 
for which there was extensive stabling upon the premises. He might, of course, 
ha?e been possibly an employ^ of Mr. Simpson, bixt his presence at Oxford xeodcft 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 291 

sent it to London, soe that it was a litle longer in coming, and cost 
me I* and 6^ for the carrage of it from London, which he promised 
to pay. We are all in hopes of a very fine Act * this year, because there 
was none y^ last. Soe hopeing that you are all well with my Duty to 
your self and my love to my brothers and sisters I rest 

S' 
forward 3 Your dutifull son 

For HsNRT Fleming. 

Daniel Fleming Esq^r 
att Rydal-hall near 
Kendal These 
Post paid to London 2^. 



CLXVI. 
RjEv. Thomas Dixon to Daniel Fleming (2 191). 

Ox6K July J* 6 (79) 
WORTHT S* : 

These are only to acquaint you that wee are all well, & that upon 
y« good Newes of y® Scots being quell'd' wee are like to have an Act *, 
in w<^ Solenmity they may possibly receive a second brush & be 
assaulted by smartness of Witt & Drollery as they have been 
already by dint of Sword, & I hope theyl not be able to meet wtl* 
another Indulgence after all, Tis pitty wee are but like to have one 
Terrttfilius' to encounter with them & the Docters: heel be over- 

this unlikely. Bateman was a well-known name in Kendal at this time. There 
are monnments to members of the Blease Hall family in Kendal church. Nicholas 
Bateman was a benefactor to Kendal church, and Henry to the chapel of Old 
Hutton in which township Blease Hall is situated. (See Nicholson's Annals of 
Kendal, 117, 219; Nicolson & Bum, i. 108; Bellasis' Westmorland Church Notes, 
ii. 5, 6.) 

^ There was an Act in 1679 ^^ J^ly ''> '^^ twenty-three Cambridge masten of 
arts were incorporated after it. The programme is preserved in MS. Wood 376 A 
no. CCCXCVin, in the Bodleian Library. (Clark's Wood's Life and Times, it 

45^0 
* < June 27, Friday, bonders at night in Oxon (about la in number) for the great 

victorie over the rebellious Scots, in number 7000, given by the royallists.' 

(Clark's Wood*s Life and Times, ii. 454.) Mr. Clark refers to Luttrell, i. 16, for 

the victory which was at Bothwell Bridge, on Sunday, a a June, 1674. 

' The Terrse filius this year was John King, M. A. of St Mary Hall. ' 8 Aug. 

1 68a Mr. King of St Mary Hall was chosen by the university vicar of Seiceston 

in Leicestershire.' (Wood's Athena, ed. Gutch, i. p. xdi.) 

U 2 



292 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

whelm'd w*^ matter : Yet heel have somwhat less upon y« account of 
y« loss of I> Locky * (one of y^ Canons of Christchurch & formerly 
Publick Library Keeper) who dy'd lately & left a great many choice 
Pictures & fine guilded Bookes behind him. 'Tis said that one 
Mr Hamond' (the Bp of Oxon's * chaplaine) has kisst y^ Kmgs hand for 
his Canons place & that he is like to carry it notwithstanding y^ 
Caveat that the Earle of Anglesey ^ has put in upon y® account of 
D' Squib" his Chaplain, for whom they say he pnends a former grant 
of his Ma^: & that the bussiness has been debated at y^ Councill 
Table. The warden of Winchester College • dy'd also 4 or 5 dayes ago, 
& 'tis not doubted but that D' Nicholas ^ (our p'sent Vicechancellour 
& Warden of New College) will succeed him if he stand for y« place 
(w<5h is worth 5 or 600I p anu whereas new College is not above 

• Thomas Lockey, elected from Westminster to Christ Church 1618, student 
1621, B.A. 1622, M.A. 1625, B.D. 1634, deprived of his tntorship and suspended 
from preaching by the parliamentary visitors for ' a very scandalonse sermon before 
the Universitie' 1651, prebendary of Chichester 1639-51, and of Salisbory 1660, 
librarian of the Bodleian 1660-5, canon of Christ Church 1665, died 29 June, 1679, 
buried in the cathedral where there is a monument to him. His portrait is in the 
Bodleian. Wood {Fasti, ii. 242) speaks of his reputation as a collector. His 
epitaph says that he had been twice at Rome. 

> Wood says that the news of Lockey's death was concealed ' to give Hammond 
time to ride to London to get the canonry * {Life and Times, ed. Clark, ii. 455). 
John Hammond was elected from Westminster to Christ Church 1658, proceeded 
B.A. 1662, M.A. 1664, S*^- i<^79f ^'^' i^So. He had been chaplain to William 
Fuller, Barlow's predecessor in the bishopric of Lincoln, and promoted by him to 
a prebend at Lincoln, and to the archdeaconry of Huntingdon. He resigned hii 
archdeaconry in 1701 on his appointment to the rectory of Chalfont St. Giles', 
Bucks. He was installed canon of Christ Church 8 July, 1679, and died 25 May, 
1723, aged 83. He gave to Christ Church the statue of Bi^op Fell which has 
been replaced in the north-east comer of Tom Quad by a new one given by Dean 
Liddell, and the bust of Dean Aldrich formerly in the chapter house, now in the 
library. 

• See n. 3, p. 218. 

^ Arthur Annesley, Viscount Valentia and Baron Mountmorris in the peerage of 
Ireland, was created Earl of Anglesey and Baron Annesley 1661. He was bom in 
Dublin, educated at Magdalen College, Oxford (see Bloxam, iL p. cvi), was MP. 
for CO. Radnor 1645-53. He acted as Commissioner for the parliament for 
the govemment of Ireland, but after the execution of Charles I changed sides. 
Burnet ealls him < a man of a grave deportment.* He was Lord Privy Seal 1673- 
82, and died 6 Apr. 1686. 

■ Probably Arthur Squibb, elected from Westminster to Christ Church 1656, 
B.A. 1660, M.A. 1662, vicar of Netherbury, Dorset, 1673-97. 

• William Burt, scholar of Winchester 1618, fellow of New College 1627, Head 
Master of Winchester 1653, Warden 1658. He had been Anthony Wood's Head- 
master at Thame. 

' See n. 4, p. 265. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 293 

200I) *. Upon y« promotion of y« s^ D' Nicholas to y^ Wardenship of 

Winchest' 'tis beleiv'd that D' Beeson* Schoolmaster there, will be 

remov'd to New College, & that one Harris ' (ffellow of Winchest') will 

be made Schoolmaster. 'Tis also fancy'd that our Provost may be 

made Vicechancellour upon this revoluc6n assoon as y^ oth' is out *. 

Some lett" informe us that y« Duke of Albermarle " is made privy Seale 

& that y« Queen goes shortly from Windsor to y^.Spaw* & so to 

Portugall. I am 

S^ 

YoT Affectionate' Serv* 

Tho: Dixon. 
These forward 3 

To the WorPfull Daniel 

Fleming £sq^ att 

Rydall-hall 

In) Westmoreland. 

To be sent by y® Post to Lancaster 

& so to Kendall. 

Post pd to London 2^ 

^ < It was a strange thing the head of <' the greater light ** thus descending to 
rale " the lesser light" But the precedent thus set by Nicholas was followed by 
his successors in the Wardenship of New College for nearly a hundred years, and 
was founded on solid and substantial reasons. In the whirligigs of time the post 
of Warden of Winchester, which was intended by Wykeham to be only half as 
valuable as that of New College, had become the richer manger.* (Leach's History 
of Winchester College^ p. 360.) See also Rashdall and Rait*s New College^ p. 308. 
Bishop Hoadley as Visitor disallowed an election of the sort, and it was not 
repeated after his time. 

' Henry Beeston was elected scholar of Winchester 1644, fcHow of New College 
1649, proceeded B.C.L. 1653, D.C.L. 1661. He refused to submit to the parlia- 
mentary visitors and was expelled. He was headmaster of Winchester 1658-79, 
and warden of New College from 1679 till his death in 1701. In spite of his non- 
submission, for which see Burrows' Register of the Visitors, 56, 92, Wood (^Life 
and TimeSy ed. Clark, ii. 460) says ' he had run with the times.' 

' W^illiam Harris was elected scholar of Winchester 1661, fellow of New College 
1667, proceeded B.A. 1671, M.A. 1675, B. and D.D. 1689. He was ' Hostiarius' 
at W^inchester, admitted fellow of Winchester 1677, and was headmaster from 
1679 to 1700. He was prebendary of Winchester 1695-1700. Under him 
Winchester flourished, and * School ' was built. (Leach's History of Winchester 
College, p. 361.) 

* Timothy Halton ' being nominated by the chanoellox^s letter dated from 
Dublin Castle 19 Jul. was admitted in convoc. 5 Aug.' Wood, Fasti^ ii. 369. 

' This was Christopher, son of the great General Monk, and so second duke of 
this creation. He was, however, never Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal. This office 
was held at the time by the Earl of Anglesey, for whom see n. 4, p. 292, from 
22 Apr. 1673 till 27 Oct 1682. 

' Catherine did not leave England till 1692. Spa in Belgium had been a 



294 2rff£ FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



CLXVIL 
Henry Fleming to Daniel Fleming (2206). 

Oxffi Angust y* 19, 79 

YouFB of July the 18 with i5> I have received and am very glad 
to hear that you are all well, and according to your order I here send 
you the names and prices of my bought bookes, and for an accompt 
of my studyes, I think it needless to send any, because my Tutor reads 
nothing to me yet besids what I read before; but a compendium 
of Ethicks (which I write out of a paper bookes of his ^) which is now 
almost at an end, and what must be the next booke I doe not know as 
yet. My goon ' being almost worn I though fit to acquaint you of it 
now, that I might know when Rich. Bumyeats comes againe whether 
you will be pleased to send it, or haue it bought here. All here are 
very civil to me yet, and I hope I shall give none any occasion to be 
otherwise. Soe with my duty to your selfe and my love to my brodiers 
and Sisters is all from 

S' 
Our Mr Provost is lately Your dutyfull son 

made Vicechacelour Henry Fleming. 

of Oxford. 

For 

Daniel Fleming 

Esq*r att Rydal-hall 

near Kendal 

These 



faYonrite pUoe of resort for invalids for a long time. Sir Christopher Hatton went 
there for his health in Queen Elizabeth's time. 

^ It would seem that there was a traditional compendiun of Ethics, handed on 
from Tntor to Tntor in the College. I have a little dnodedmo mannscript of 
which the title-page is ' Ethices Compendium. In nsom CoUegij R^incnsis, 
A Sodis cjnadem compositnm Ox62i : Disce homines, mores% hominnm, non 
•omnia Vatmn. Thomas Buckle £ Coll: Reg: Oxoii: 17 15.' This perhaps xepie- 
lents the contemporary modification of the compendium transcribed by Henry 
Fleming. There are sixty pages of text divided into twenty-nine chapters, all full 
of divisions and subdivisions. The doctrine is mainly peripatetic. 

* Lt«gown. 



CLXVIII. 



I 



List or Books bought by Henry Flkmino in Oxford {2363)*. 

Bookes bought at Oxford before Aug. 19. 1679- 

£ s d 

Crakanthrop3 Logick' 00 05 00 

Smiglesius's Logick ' 00 08 00 

Masius'sLogick* 00 05 06 

roumier upon Euclid * 00 oz 06 

The Eint line of this document and tbe lut three lines ait in D. F.'s hand- 
miling. The r«st is written by Henry, who enclosed this docnment in CLXVII. 

" Logicle Libri Qoinqnc, De PncdicabilibBS, Prasdicamentii, Syllogismo ejnsqae 
•pedebos Demoostrativo, Probabili, Unn cum Appendice de Syllogismo Sophistico. 
Hoc Rcceasit Introductio in Metaphysicnm, et Tractatui dc Providentia DeL 
Aathoie Ri. Craclcantborpo, SS. Tbcologix Doctore, et Collegii Regime Oxcm. 
Socio. Editia Qniuta priori aactior Sc emendklior. OxonlEe ; Tjpis L. Lichfield, 
Ac H. Hull, Acad. Typog. Impensis Johannii Williams, inb tigao Coronx ia 
Ozmeteiio Diri Panli, 1677. U*i Queen's College Library.) The LibrBiy has 
abo tbe tbiid edilioo, published in 1670. The btsl edition of tbe Logic wu 
published in London iCia ; of the Metaphysic at Oxford iGtg; of the Providence 
of God at Cambridge 1631. He entered Qoeeo's College 1583, and became IcUow 
IG98. His life is in B. jV. B. 

' Logics Martini Smiglecii SodeUtis Jesn, S. Theologis Doctoris, Selectis 
Dispntationibus & qu^estionibns illnsttata. El in dnos Tooiosdlstributa : In qua 
Qnicqtiid la Aristotelico orgiiDO vel cognitn necessarinm, vel obscnritate pei- 
plcjnim, tam clare et perspicue, quam solide ac oervole pertractatnr. Cum Indice 
Kemm coptoso. Ad Pcrillnstrem ac Ma^nifictun Dominum D". Thomam 
iSamoysduiD. &c. Oionli, Excadcbat A. Lichfield, Acad. Typogr. Impensii 
H. Crypps, J, Godwin & R. Blagrave, An. Dom. 1658. Cnm Privilegio. (4°, 
Queen's College Library.) 

* In the Bodleian is a thick quarto containing the two TOlumcs of Commentaria 
ia Diftlcctlcam ArisCotelis, una cam qoi'estioaibns, quse i gravissimis vitis dispniari 
folent Auclore K. Didaco Mb«o Valentino, Ordinis PiKdicitoium, bgcouarum 
■itiam et sacrsc Theologiai Doctore, cjusdemque in Horeatiuima Valeutnoiium 
Acadcmia publico Professoie. The title-page is missing. From Queiif and 
E^tard'i Scriftarts Ordinis rnxdicalerum, Paris, 1 711, ii. 36$ a, it appcan that 
the Author was brother Dldacus Mas of Villa Real,in the piotince of Valencia ia 
Spain, that the book was tirst published at Valencia in 4" in 1591 by Fetnu 
Fatritius, and that the llodleian Edition was published at Cologne by CoRiad 
BtDEcnias in 161 7 in 4°. 

* EDclidis Sex Prlmi Elemcntarura Geometricorum Libri, Commodins demoa- 
A P. Georg. Fouraier i liodctale Jesu. Accescmnt Elemeota AsWoQO- 



otka, nU Theodotii TripoUtae Spbi 



libri ties, & u 



296 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

Sophoclis 00 

Wingates Arethmatick * 00 

Romans Antiquites ^ 00 

Two quiers of paper 00 

In all . 01 

July 10. 80 Sent then by Rich. Bumyate Q. Curtius 
Febr. 14. 80 Sent then by Rich. Bumyate The An- 
tiquity & excellency of Globes " 40 And Speeds Epitome *. 



^4 


06 


04 


00 


01 


c6 


01 


00 


12 


00 



CLXIX. 
Rev. Thomas Dixon to Daniel Fleming (2208). 

Oz6& Aug: ao (79) 
Worthy S^: 

Though you were pleas'd to own yo^ self my Debtor in y« 
begining of yo^ last : yett I found myself amply satisf/d ; contented & 
paid before I gott to the end. I add paid upon y® account of the 5^ in 

resolntio demonstranttir per Johannem Baptbtam Dnhamel, Matheseon Professorem. 
Editio prioribus auctior atq; castigatior. Cantabrigiae, Excndebat J. Field, im- 
pensis Edwardi Story, M DC LXV. (la*', Qaeen*s College Library.) 

^ Mr. Wmgate*8 Arithmetick, containing a perfect method for the knowledge 
and practice of Common Arithmetick. First Composed by Edmund Wingate late 
of Grayes-Inne Esqnire. Afterwards enlarged at the request, and with the 
approbation of Mr. Wingate in his lifetime. And now in this third Edition 
digested into a more familiar methode, and very much augmented as is more fully 
declared in the Pre£Eu:e and Table of Contents. By John Kersey, Teacher of the 
Mathematicks, at the Sign of the Globe in Shandois-Street in Covent Garden. 
London, Printed for Philemon Stephens at the Gilded Lion in St. Pauls Church- 
yard, 1658. (8*, Queen's College Library.) Wingate (i 596-1656) was a member 
of Queen*s College whence he matriculated 12 Oct. 1610, proceeding B.A.30 June, 
1614. He was M.P. for Bedfordshire 1654-5. His Arithmetic went through 
many editions. The eleventh edition (1704) with a new supplement by Geoige 
Shelley is also in Queen's College Library. His life is in Z>. A^. B, 

' See Additional Notes. 

' See Additional Notes. 

* An Epitome of Mr. John Speed's Theatre of the Empire of Great Britain. 
And of his Prospect of the Most Famous Parts of the World. In this New 
Edition are added The Descriptions of His Majesties Dominions abroad, vie 
J^cw England, New York, Carolina, Florida, Vixginia, Maiyland, JamaicA» 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 297 

money mencon'd therein which I rec'd afterwards, as also y® Token *, 
wherew**^ yd^ Nephew* & I, yo' Godsons' Tutor, Mr Musgrave* 
& some others drank yo' health w*^ the Ambassadour ', who passes for 
a Servant (or Carrier) amongst us, but is no less (as some say) than 
a Justice of Peace in his own Country. Yo' Godson & his brother • 
were gone into Wales before his arriveall, & they are not retum'd as 
yet. Yo' Nephew is in good health, & is like to keep himself so, 
while he continues to rise att 6 of y® Clock in y« morning, w<^^ he dos 
not faile of as yet in Terme time. As to what you hint concerning his 
Treating^ 'tis wholly grounded (I fancy) upon his abundant kindness 
to his Countrymen, to whom (if any of them happen to call upon him) 
he is very kind, & haveing the conveniency of a Cellar (und' the 
cloyst' belpnging to S*" Josephs building '^ is not stingy or niggardly of 
the liquor that's in it, if theyl accept of it : yet he endeavours to shirk 
all he can himself, & He assure you he hates drinking as much as any 
man can do. If he should be the least inclined that way, I should be 
very unworthy if I did not acquaint either you or his Father with it 
I hope he gives his ffather a good account of y® money he receives, 
All I fear is that his expences amount high not so much upon the 
account of Treats, as Curiosity's (viz: pictures, cloathes, pamphletts) 
& omam*" for his chamber, which will be of use afterwairds. I am 
sure his Batles are moderate & so are his other Colledge Dues. Yo' 
son continues studious & frugall in a much lower rank. I want newes 
to retume you in lieu of yo". I need not tell you that what I prophecy'd 
formerly concerning our provosts being Vicechancellour is come to 
pass, or that y© Bp of Lincolne designs for Bugden • y® next week in 
order to his Visitacbn, w^t is as great newes as the former. Alder- 
Barbados, As also The Empire of the Great Mogol, with the rest of the East 
Indies, The Empire of Russia, With their respective Descriptions. London, Printed 
for Tho. Basset at the George Inn in Fleet-Street, and Ric Chbwel at the Rose 
and Crown in St. Paul's Church -yard, 1676. 

^ See n. i, p. 113. The token on this occasion was five shillings, see 
Appendix E. 

' Henry Fletcher, for whom see n. i, p. 237. 

' See Additional Notes. 

* Probably Philip, for whom see n. 4, p. 244. 
' Richard Bumyeat, the carrier. 

* See Additional Notes. 

^ See n. 2, p. 239. Loggan's picture, which is drawn from the east, does not 
show the side of Williamson's building on which the cloister must have been. 
The idea of a cellar under the cloister in front of a building was adopted by 
Hawksmoor on the east and west sides of the present front quadrangle. 

* See n. 4, p. 197. 



298 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

man Wright^ & Brome Harwood' are chose Parliam* men againe 
for y^ Citty of Oxdh, & S^ Leolin Jenkins ' (who is upon his retume 
from Nimegen) & D' Parrott^ (a Civilian & Comissaiy for Alesbury) 
were chosen yesterday for y« University, There were a more that 
stood sc: I> Oldish ' & Mr Lane * ; the latt' whereof had only 55 votes 

^ William Wright, son of Martin who had been a goldsmith and aldennan 
of the city. He was the leading dyic authority, a prominent Whig and obnoxdons 
to the conrt He was snspected of being privy to the Ryehonse plot. Hb honse 
and land attached to it stood on the city wall within what are now the predncti 
of Exeter College. He was M.P. for Oxford in the last three parliaments of 
Charles II's reign, and died 1693. According to Wood {Life and Times, ed. 
Clark, ii. 439) he was a great 'cocker.' On this occasion George Pndseylost 
it bat by ao votes. He was recorder and nnsnccessfnl Tory Candidate now and at 
the next election, but was returned to James IFs parliament in 1685. 

* Brome Whorwood, of Holton near Wheatley, was MJ*. for Oxford in all 
Charles II's parliaments, having been returned in z66i with Richard Croke, the 
xecorder, and to the other three with Alderman Wright. He married Jane Ryther 
' the most loyal person to Charles I in his miseries.* (Wood's Life and Times, 
ed. Clark, i. aay.) His only son of the same name was drowned in crosaing firom 
Hampshire to the Isle of Wight (ib. p. 226). 

' Leoline Jenkins, a native of Glamorganshire, matriculated from Jems College 
1 64 1, aged 16 ; suffered for his royalist opinions nnder the Conunonwealth, was 
made fellow of Jesns College at the Restoration and D.C.L., and soon after 
principal. He was an advocate of Doctora' Commons 1644, judge of high court 
of admiralty 1668-73, and of prerogative court of Canterbury 1668-85. He was 
knighted 1669. He resigned his prindpalship in 1673 on being appointed 
a plenipotentiary to Cologne, and afterwards served in the same capacity at 
Nimeguen. He was M.P. for Hythe 1673-8, and for Oxford University 1679-85, 
and was one of the principal secretaries of state 1680-^ He died i Sept. 1685 
und was honoured with a [public funeral in Jesus College chapeL (Wood, Fasti, 

\\. 231.) 

* Charles Perrott, of St. John's College (to be distinguished from the Oriel man 
of the same name, for whom see n. i, p. 184), entered 1657, proceeded BA. 1661, 
li/'.U 1664, D.C.L. 1669. He was fellow of his college, an advocate of Doctors' 
f >»mmons, and M.P. for the University in the last three parliaments of Charles U, 
n$A died 10 June, 1686. Heame calls his epitaph in St. John's College chapel 
' \ofigt tedious and fulsome * (ed. Doble, iii. 398). Wood {Life amd Times, ed. 
(Auik, ii. 460), describing the election says, <the black pot men carried it for 
I'erot, a thorough paced soaker.' 

* William Oldys, son of a vicar of Adderbury who was killed by the par- 
liamentary soldiers in 1644-5, entered Winchester as a scholar 1648, was fellow 
f4 New College 1655-71, B.C.L. 1661, D.CX. 1667. He was an advocate of 
iMftXoft* Commons, and was again an unsuccessful candidate for burgess of the 
Vftlvenity when Sir Leoline Jenkins died, being defeated by George Clarke of All 
^^^Us, the benefactor to Worcester College. 

' /mm* Lane, * a young and conceited person and abaent * (Wood's Life and 

Tynd*,ttA, CUric, ii. 460}, son of George 6r5t viscount Lanesbocougfay matriculated 

^ ^itikwaa -commoner from Christ Church 1667, B^ 1670 and created M.A. 

i^ttfiWMPnf y>m^ H« fooceeded his £ather 1683, and died witliovl isne I7a4, when 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 299 

& y^ other 114, whereas S' Leolin had 204 & D' Parrott 224. 

lam 

S' Yc Devoted Serv* 

I> Nicholas * (the old Vicechancellour Tho: Dixon. 

& Warden of New College) being lately 

made Warden of Winchester College, 

one D' Beeston * (Schoolmaster of Winchest') 

is p^ferr'd to the Wardenship of New These 

College in Oxon. Severall things of To the WorPfull Daniel 

Hobbs " are come out of late ; some of w<^ Fleming Esq^att 

were printed before & others not Rydall Hall 

13 Westmoreland 

p^sent 



CLXX. 
Rev. Thomas Dixon to Daniel Fleming (2213). 

OxoS Sept: 7 (79) 
Honored S': 

In my last by Bumyatts I gave you to understand that wee were 

all in good health : But wee have not all continued so ever since, for 

yo' son has been indispos'd & much out of order of late, especially 

about ten dayes ago : att which time he was taken w^ a pain in his 

belly which caus'd it to swell & produced an hard lump on the outside, 

& a gripeing within, both which together inclined him to a feaver 

& disturbed his rest very much. Whereupon (for fear of y® rest) I sent 

for a Doctor after the Apothecary had been with him a day or two. 

And they two together did so order the matter, that, through Gods 

blessing, & their care ; he escaped the violence of y« distemper & is in 

a maner perfectly recover'd. He has been abroad these 2 or 3 dayes 

the peerage became extinct. Lanesborough House where he died was tamed into 
an infirmaiy in 1740, and St. George*8 Hospital now occupies its site at Hyde 
Park Comer. 

* See n. i, p. 243. 
' See n. a, p. 293. 

* This was the last year of Hobbes* life. He died 4 Dec. 1679 i^ ^i^ ninety- 
second year. A surreptitious edition of * Behemoth,* which had been suppressed 
in 1668, appeared in 1679, ^^^ ^° autobiography in Latin verse, 'Vita carmine 
expressa/ In 1678 appeared the *■ Decameron Physiologicum,' his last defence of 
his mathematical heresies on the subject of the squaring of the circle, the cubing 
of the sphere and the doubling of the cube, and a new edition of ' De Mirabilibus 
Pecci/ with an English translation by A Person of Quality. An edition of his 
translation of Homer appeared in 1677. 



300 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

& begins to pick up his cnims again mainly. I suspect that eating of 

green fruit was a great occasion of his malady ; I have advis'd him to 

forbear it for y« future. I shall satisfy the Doctor & the Apothecary 

& send you y« particulars att y« retume of y« Carrier. I would have 

writt to you when he began to be amiss, but that he was not willing. 

I suppose heel acquaint you with his condition this Post. Your 

nephew * (who is in good health) went to see him very often, he desires 

to have his duty p^sented unto you. And I shall desire you to p'sent 

mine to my ffath' when you see him. I need not tell you that his 

Royall Highness ' is in England, or what remarks were made (as well 

as Bonefires in Windsor) on his aTriveall on y« 2^ of September. 

Some say that his Dutchess is a comeing over, others that he returns 

f I)eedily again. My respects to yo^ Son W™: I am Yo^ Serv* 

Tho: Dixon. 
These forward 3^ 

For the WorPfuU Daniel 

Fleming £s(]^ att 

Rydall-hall 

near Kendall 

fij Westmoreland. 

To bo sent by y« Post to Lancaster ft so 

to Kendall. 

Post pd to London 2^. 



CLXXL 

Henry Fleming to Daniel Fleming (2214). 

Ox^. Septem. 11. 79. 

For fear you should hear of my late sickness, and not of my 
fis^ov^ry, I made bold to write now to acquaint you, that I haue bene 
(r<'M('M lately with a feaver and the gripping of the gutts very sore 
Wt (WP Wtioks, but I am now (god be praysed) very well again. Soe 

^ \Um Khrtobtr, ice n. z. p. 237. 

I <|i|fi|« 1 1 Mundfiy, the duke of York came by water to Whitehall incognito 

^■kMl M4 that night at Sir Alkn Apsley's house in St. James. The next 

II hi WWIt to Windtore to see the king lately indisposed. To the 

% t|» Iritt. *^eei^Md him kindly and both wept.' (Wood*s Lifo 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



301 



hopeing that you are all well with mj dutj to your self, and my love 
to all my brothers and sisters I rest 



Sf 



Here is two bookes lately 
sett out y« one is a letter 
concerning y« invocation 
of sence by y« Byshop of 
Ljmcolne * price 6^. ye other 
is a letter shewing y^ Bishops 
are not to be Judges of Parle- 
ment in causes Capital ^, 
Price 10^. 



Your dutyfull son 

Henry Fleiong. 

forward 3 
For 

Daniel Fleming Esq^' 
att Rydal hall near 
Kendal 

These 
Post paid to London 2^ 



CLXXII. 
Henry Fleming to Daniel Fleming (2228). 

Oxofi. Novem. 24. 79. 
S» 

Yours of September y« 24 I received and was very glad you were 

all well, and haveing soe fitt an opertunity I could not omit writeing 

though haveing no business worth the time. Soe with my duty to 

your self and my love to all my brothers and sisters I rest 

S' 



For 



Your dutyfull son 

H: Fleming 



Daniel Fleming Esq^ 
at Rydal-hall near 
Kendal 

These. 



^ A Letter concerning Invocation of Saints, and Adoration of the Cross, Writ 
Ten Years since to John Evelyn of Depthford Esq. ; By Dr. Barlow then Provost 
of Q. CoUedge, and now Lord Bishop of Lincoln. Psal. Lxv. 2. O Thon that 
hearest Prayer, unto thee shall all flesh come. London, Printed by John Macock 
for John Martyn at the sign of the Bell in St Paul's Church-yard, mdclxxix. 

' A Letter of a Gentleman to his Friend, Shewing that the Bishops Are not to 
be Judges in Parliament in Cases Capital. Printed in the Year, 1679. It 
appeared in small 8**, 119 pages, and in 4<>, 31 pages, both editions, it would seem, 
in the same year. It was written by Denzil, Lord Holies, who was now 80 
years of age and died in the following year. The controversy to which it gave 
rise was continued till after his death. His life is in ZP. A^ ^. 



302 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

CLXXm. 

Rev. Thomas Dixon to Daniel Fleming (2230). 

OxSi Not: 37 (79) 

Honoured S^: 
Though you happened to be from home att Bumjatts's comeing 
up: yet I must not omitt this opportunity of his retume, & of 
acquainting you with y® small & inconsid'able transactions that have 
happen d amongst us of late. The greatest whereof (as to Colledge 
afiaires) is that wee have admitted one Mr Nicholson ^ (whom S' Joseph 
has sent both into Germany & France) into our Society: hee's a 
Relation of Mr Skeltons' & was his Scholler first & mine afterwards, 
hee's so well skill'd in y® Saxon Language ' that S' Joseph has founded 
a Saxon Lecture in our Colledge which he reades every Wednesday in 
Terme time. There's a Tabiter also to be admitted on S* Tho: day *, 
about w«h time I hope to gett yo^ Son in Poor child, w<* is the first 
step to the great preferm^ they all aime att He has been troubled 
with a cold of late w«h is very epidemicall w*^ us (scarce any one 
escapeing it) but it has been as favourable to him as to most. I shall 
not need any money for him till 3^ next retume of y« Bearer : He 
continues sober & studious & will I hope in time make good improvem^ 
in School-learning' (wherein he is somwhat deficient att p'sent) as 
well as Philosophy. I have little newes to send you, only 'tis said 
that one D^ Speed* Canon of Christchurch dy'd lately, & that one 

^ See D. 8, p. aaS. 

' See D. 5, p. 119, and n. z, p. 223. 

' This may have been the beginning of the movement which by the end of the 
century made the College ' a nest of Saxonists.* Edmmid Gibson, bishop of 
London, and Christopher Rawlinson are especially mentioned by Wordsworth 
{SchcUt Acadetnua^ p. 159). Edward Thwaites, Regius Professor of Greek, did 
much to*advance the study. 24 March, 1698-9, he writes to Wanley, • We want 
Saxon Lexicons. I have fifteen young students in that language, and but one 
Somner for them aU.* He had a great deal to do with the new edition of Somner 
broogfat out by Thomas Benson, one of his pupils. Nicolson continued to show 
his interest in the language. He made Benson his chaplain, and assisted pecuniarily 
a brother of Thwaites who at the beginning of the next century was, as a tabezdar. 
Undying Saxon. See Nichols* Literary Amcdotes, iv. 141. 

* The election of undeigraduate * poor diUdren * or sdiolars is at this time very 
••Idem reeorded in the CoUege Register. The 'Tabiter' was ^Lancelotus 
TfMdall * who was on 6 Nov. 1679 ' electus in paupexem poeram nnanimi coo- 
IMii, ad Fcstnm S. Tbomse Apostolj admittendns.' 

* MlOdl*ieMiifaig ity I toppote, Latin and Greek. 

^ IMMII IMM ta<t to be oomplclely mistaken. No Canon of Christ Church 
1 1I41 ItaM rtQWOv dfed. Speed died at GodaUniqg where he was vicar 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



303 



Mr Godolphin* (lately flfellow of All Souls College & now ffellow 

of Eaton) is to succeed him, w<* if trae will disgust the Christchurch 

men much that forreigners should breake in upon them. Your 

Nephew^ p^sents his service to you & his Cosen William" & y« rest 

of yo' family, and so does 

Sr 

Yo^ most obleiged Freind 

& humble Servant 

Tho: Dixon. 
This 

To the WorPfuU Daniel 

Fleming £sq^ att 

Rydall-hall 

u) Westmoreland 

p^sent. 



CLXXIV. 
Henry Fleming to Daniel Fleming (2233). 

Ozo& Decern, i. 70. 
Sr 

Your letter of November y» 15 I received and am very glad 

to hear you are all well ; and for y« cloth y* Mr Simpson * sent me 

a while agoe I like very well, for without a Doublet ' (which is never 

worn here) I gott two coots and a pair of breeches (with buttons and 

some other things which was bought here) made of it ; which I think 

32 Jan. 1680-1. He was a native of Oxford, son of John Speed, M.D. of St. 
John*5 College, was elected from Westminster to Christ Churdi 1645, rc^^d as 
student to submit to the parliamentary visitois, B.A. 1649, M.A. 1660, and canon of 
Christ Church 1675. It is doubtful whether he was admitted D.D. (See Wood, 
/uisttf ii. 347.) He was chaplain to the Earl of Ossory, is said to have been 
present in the Duke of York*s naval action with the Dutch, and to have * pray'd 
like a Christian, and fought like a Turk.' 

^ This is Henry Godolphin, fourth son of Sir Francis Godolphin, K.B., who 
entered Wadham College 1664, proceeded RA. 1668, and was elected in the same 
year fellow of All Souls. He was fellow of Eton College 1677, provost 1695, 
prebendary of St PauVs 1683 till his death 1733, and dean 1707 till his resignation 
1726. His life is in Z?. AT. ^. 

' Henry Fletcher, for whom see n. r, p. 337. 

' D. F.*8 eldest son, for whom see n. a, p. aop. 

* See n. 7, p. 235. 

' The Doublet was a close-fitting garment, sleeved or sleeveless, worn over the 
shixt but under the gown, coat or cloak. 



.i-s :o me nc^ 

, 1 '.Ha ilirilC (vS ', 

c ?ne abou: 
■ .:r:e seniors) 

-IT :he news 

«* ijiknown to 

. : :•■ he does 

. :-: selfe 



selt':- 
Teas 
scnsu, : 

* Scho 

• Dixon 
had at this ti 



THE FLEMINGS JN OXFORD 305 

(of y« same Table & his great companion) is like to leave us betwixt ^ 
& Christmas (haveing been 2 yeares & an half w^ us) w^ makes him 
somwhat desireous to remove likewise. If his desire continue I suppose 
either you or his ffather will receive some hint from him. If he 
continue with us till y® next Sumer tis very probable I may accompany 
him downe, & in y^ meane time I shall do him all the service I can : 
All 3^ Newes I have to send you is that Serjeant Holy way* (who had 
a small anual stipend from our Colledge) dyed lately. This with my 
humble service to you is all att present from 

S' YoT most obleiged Servant 

Tho: Dixon. 
This 

To the WorPfull Daniel 

Fleming £s(]^ att 

Rydall-Hall 

near Kendall 

13 Westmoreland 

p^sent. 

CLXXVI. 

Henry Fleming to Daniel Fleiung (2238). 

0x68 Decern, a;. 79. 
S» 

On Tuesday last after much expectation we had an election for 

poor children ; and there only gott in hus three ' who came last from 

Kendal school, we had some Seniours, but haueing noe hopes of 

getting in, they did not stand. I was very sorry to part with my 

Cousen Henry ^ soe soon, who went from Oxford on Saturday last. 

' This elliptical use of ' betwixt and* for < betwixt now and ' or ' betwixt this 
And* is common in the northern dialects. 

' * Charles Holloway, seijeant at Law of the Inner Temple died at his honse 
in S. Marie's parish opposit to AUsonles CoUege on Saturday the 29 of Not. 1679, 
cL 84 or theraboQts ; and was boried on Thnnday the 4 of Dec* following in the 
^t>^iy^»li of S. Marie's church towards the upper end on the south side.* (Wood's 
Z^ and Times, ed. Clark, ii. 469.) From 1640 onwards his name frequently 
•ppears In the Vice-Chancellor's accounts as employed in law business by the 
UniTeisity. He is to be distinguished from serjeant Richard Holloway, for whom 
fee B. 4, p. a6o. 

* Henry, Richard Simpson (for whom see n. 7, p. 335) and Robert Harrison 

(S. 9f p. 338). 

* FkCdiery lee n. i, p. 237. 

X 



3o6 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

Soe with my duty to your self and my love to all my brotbers and 

sisters I rest 

St 

Your dutyfull son 



Henry Flejuno. 



forward 3. 

For 

Daniel Fleming £sq^ 

at Rydal-hall near 

Kendal 

These. 

Post paid to London 2^ 



CLXXVIL 
Rev. Thomas Dixon to Daniel Fleming (2239). 

Oxfll Dec: a; (79) 

Honored S^: 

These are to wish you (& all w*** you) a merry ft happy new 
year, & to acquaint you that yo' son is listed upon the foundation 
being made poor child on Tuesday last ^, about the time I hinted att 
in my last. He had 2 Juniors (that came up before him sc: Simson ' 
& Harrison) " admitted with him, so that heel escape some hard service 
by y« bargaine * : He must now think of nothing but being Provost 
& mind his bussiness accordingly. The chancellours son of Carlile ' 

^ 21 December, 1679. ^ Richard, see xl 7, p. 235. 

' Robert, see n. a, p. a 38. 

* The poor children at this time waited on the fellows at high table, and 
apparently the Junior was in some respect mnch worse off than the others. See 
n. 3, p. 107. 

^ The Chancellor of Carlisle 1667-83 was Roland Nicholls who was edncated at 
St. Paul's School, from which he received an exhibition to Queen*s College which 
he entered as batler in Easter Term 1630, matriculating 4 Nov. 1631, aged 17. He 
proceeded B.A. . a3 Jan. 1633-4, M.A. 10 Nov. 1636. He was diaplain of 
Magdalen College 1641-7, and proceeded thence B.D. 17 June, 1646. According 
to Bloxam (ii. 134) he was ejected by the Parliamentary visitors 1647. At the 
restoration he was made rector of Aikton in Cumberland, and promoted to be 
chancellor of the diocese as above. His name is spelt Raughlin, for Roland, in the 
register of the matriculation of his son Thomas, who entered Queen's College as 
batler 7 May, matriculated , z6 May, 1678, and proceeded B.A. 9 F^ i68i-a. 
There is no mention of a Clerk among the junior members of the Coll^;e in the 
Founder's Statutes. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD ^yj 

AiQ was his senior} vas made Clarke Ihe same day, I suppose hees 
I design'd to be of the foundation any furtlier being somwbai 
kly. Yo' Nephew' left us on y« 2o''> of this month, on which day 
twent along with him (and Ihe oilier Gentleman of y^ same Table 
%hom I mencond in my last) as farr as Windsor, whither yo' Nephews 
curiosity (not knowing when he might have an opportunity to see it 
again) led him to see the place* an house ofy» Duke of Buckinghams' 
about 6 miles of. I understand they got well to London after I parted 
w"* them & I hope to hear hees safely arriv'd in yo North about a 
fortnight hence. The Bp of Ox6Ti'& our Provost '{as also the provost 
of Eaton ') wonders he should lake such a journey att this time of y year, 
but I endeavour'd to satisfy them all, & am very well satisfy'd myself 
with what S' George wrilt, to whom I have writt att large diis Post in 
answer thereto, I have given him my sentiments of his son & I hope 
heel answer them all. I must confess hees no great SchoIIer, yet hees 
very willing to learne, being studiously Ss. vertuously inclin'd, & of so 
good a temper & obligeing deportment as none more. All the newes 
I have to send you is that M' Walker * of University College has a Book 
priming in j* Theater about j* Offices of Christ' & that the College 
baa lately given the Provost a parsonage (cali'd Waybill)' lately racant 

t' Hoirj Fletcher, for wbom sfc n. t, p. 337, 
* For the Dnlcc of Kuckingham >ce a. 3. p. 13). The hotiK is of coune 
Cliveden's proud alcove The bower of waalon ShicursbBry aad )t>ve.' in the 
parish of Taplow, on [he rond from Oiford lo Windsor throngh tlenley. For 
a deichptioD of it see Lipsconib'i Budinghamshirt, iii. J96. He calls it 
Ciiefden. 
' John Fell, for whom lee n, 3, p. i iS. 
' Timothy HaltoQ, for whom see n. I, p. 104. 

■ Richard Alleatree, the author of Tkt fVhelt Duty ef Man (d. £, p. 939), foe 
whom see n. i, p. 144 ; ' one of the best Provosts thit Eton has ever bad.' Lyte, 
EttH CttStge. p. 165. 

* Obadiab, for whom tee d. i, p. 169. 

' The reference Is probabl}' to Of Ihe Benefits of onr Savlonr, Jeiat Christ 
10 Mankind, i Cor, i. 31, 31. [Jesus Christ] li made unto as Wisdom, and 
SlghlcoBiness, and Sanctificatioo, nni! Redemption. He that glorieth, let him 
glory in Uie Lord [Jcsns Chriiu] At Ihe Theater in Oxford, MOCLXIlX. Wood. 
ia bis notice of Obadiab Walker {Alhtmt, iv. 441), mentions it a(ider the name of 
God's Benefits to Mankind, Oion. 1G80. qn., and layi it had been ascnbed to 
the Author of the Whole Doty of Man. Mr. Carr docs not mention it in hi* list 
tS Walker's works in D.N.B.. %,s. Tlie Book is however in the Bodleian 
Libnrjp, ai above, and is catalogued onder Walker's name. 

* Or Weyhill, a village over three miles from Andover on the edge of Satisbaiy 
Plain, celebrated for its fair which began on October 10 and lasted sia dijn, 
for hones, sheep, cheese, bops, and leather. It was one of the six beneficfi given 
lo the college \fj King Charies I. 

X a 



3o8 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

worth 200^ p aniL He goes to j^ Bp of Windiester^ tomonow for 
Institucoiu If he had not taken it either Mr Crostwhaft* or Mr Mill' 
would : So that it would not have come to 

Sr Yor obleiged Senrt Tk Daov. 
These 

To the WorPfull 

Daniel Fleming 
£sq^ at Ridell-haU 

near Kendall 
13 Westmoreland. 

forward 3. 

To be sent by y® post to Lancaster & so to KendalL 
Post p4 to London 2^^ 



CLXXVIIL 

AccouKTs OF Daniel^ and George* Fleming' at Sedber^ 

School, 1679 (2197). 

Disbursements. 
July. 1679. £ 8 d 

6 For mending a payer of Shous for George 00-00-08 

14 For a payer of my owne . . . 00-00 — 03 

August 

26 To the Schrevener • for George . . 00-02-00 

29 and for my selfe 00-04-00 

Sept: For dressing of 2 hats . . . .00-00-05 

14 To y« Barbar 00-00-06 

^ George Morley, who had been student, canon and dean of Christ Choxdi and 
bishop of Worcester i66o-a, and bishop of Winchester since i66a. He died 
29 OcL 1684. He founded in 1674 five scholarships at Pembroke College for 
natives of the Channel Islands which are in his diocese. His portrait is in die hall 
at Pembroke College. 

' See n. a, p. 333. 

' See n. 4, p. 332. 

* See n. 4, p. 199. 

' George, the ninth child and fifth son of D. F. was bom in 1667, ^^ baptized 
23 Jane of that year. We shall hear mnch of him later. He was socoessively 
ardideacon, dean and bishop of Carlisle, married Catherine, daughter of Robert 
Jefferson of Carlisle, sncoeeded his eldest brother William as second baronet, and 
died a Jnly. 1747. 

• See a. 5, p. 199. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 309 

29 For mending a payer of Shous for ^1, 

George 00-00-02-1 

Octo: and for a payer of my owne . . . 00-00-10 

29 at y® baring out * 00-01-00 

Novem: to M' Vsher* for ring of y« Bell in ye 

3 mornings . . . . .00-01-00 

29 to y® Barbar 00-00-06 

Deccmb*^ 

30 To y« Groum & Chamermade at Dale- 

garth' 00-01-00 

October 

23 For Wax Candels 00-00-06 

in all . • 00 -12 -10 -I 
Booked. 
Paid*. 

CLXXIX. 
Rev. Thomas Dixon to Daniel Fleming (2245). 

Oz^ Jan. aa <i|. 

Worthy S': 

I can do no less than returne you my hearty thanks by the 
Bearer of whom I rec^ so kind a letter & so large a Token • from you. 

* See n, 3, p. 300. 

* There is mention in The Sedbergh School Register, p. 47, of a William 
Thomson as Usher at Sedbergh in 1681, who may be the man mentioned here. 
I have not been able to identify him farther nnless he is the Mr. Thomson, head- 
master of Kirkby Lonsdale school, who sent up William Rogerson to St. 
John's College, Cambridge, in 1697. {Admissions to St, John's College^ Cam- 
bridge , pt. ii. p. 144,) 

' Dalegarth, in Eskdale, the seat of the Stanleys. Edward Stanley was at this 
time the head of the family. He was high sheriff for Cumberland at the revolntion 
and proclaimed King William III. His son, John, boilt Ponsonby Hall near 
Calder Bridge and removed thither from Daleg^eirth in 1687. His son, Edward, 
married George Fleming's youngest daughter. John may have been at Sedbergh 
now, and the Flemings have gone home with him for the holidays. There were 
Stanleys at Sedbergh early in the eighteenth century, and the register is at this 
time of course imperfect. It does not contain Daniel Fleming's name, and puts 
George's entrance between 1680 and 1690. 

* These two words are in D. F.*s handwriting. 

* See n. i, p. 112. It would seem from D. F.'s accounts that all he sent by 
Simpson, who is ' the Bearer,* was five shillings to Henry. Simpson seems to 
have doubled (see CLXXX) the gift to Henry and to have added a large Token 
for Dixon. 



jEO THE FLEMDiGS a QXFOStD 



If wet had aotbecB a pal ccmpamw id good UkmswUA^ 
HOC haoft beca aiie to gctt it (ad vfaB Mr Sb^hk* acUBd to i) 
flpoit: bat wet coaqat/d k at Isn^ Jtkjpe dbc lis Mi^4fcya^9df 
wg be dbe hriW i ri far ocr r riirw?Biiw r. Tie gBOOtf Bewa I bste 
to scad JOS a, TbotizpoD a cAJUtiiiicuw v^ &MKi^ watt bemzt tbe 
UwoBtr A: tbe Loodoa Boobeikss aboat raatm^ wamt aort of 
BdbksK a debate was held a Iod^ dme act CondB TaUe^ btt tbe 
Immi^ - was rciicn^d to die ComaQ Lair, wiboe *ai ^tnfy beidhi^d tbe 
UKversEtj Bookadlta (vbereof Moses Fit* b sov dhe ckdiest) w3 
cauT k, ilr diejcbj csjoj' a fibei'i oT PnBtni^ tbe asid Tbliir\ die 
Probibccorj Act* wbexebj ^^^7 wete TuMifil Ml irui jfa'd pro iBBpore 
belli; fateij ezpoed. A frAer aooons vbereof as afao of die 
partacidans rcbudi^ to fo^ Queries aboot Moses Hb bcv Atfas*, 
is to be bad in y^ prated A: written Fipeis w«^ I bsse mam abo sent 
JOS, k. wbicb were rnnsiimat ed to me br ooe wbo is coocxm'd in j* 
Adu, sc bf one Mr Hi^ Tod ^ (die wBEuaea Son of Hbboo *) 



' WxktcB prolHlilj is ■■Cake lor ' vc- 

'SeeB.7,p.a3S. 

' ''neaaticrmAqiilekt&en^ofpmi^Kteii 
£noB Bp. Fdl to Abpc Snooft, Gatek's Cmlfrtwmm Omrmm, L 270} Other 
docnKBts vidk Hfcifuc to tids <fming fiallov As letBcr bl chesHwe ^^"'^ 

* WHfisB Lemk, Feftcr Pinker, ad ThniMT Gey vcsc Fbts pHtKo^aBil the 
fav were sMkoEbedbjtlieCsverBtTaS Sept. i^ to inl BBilcs at the Theitre 
at OifcnL (Wood's Z^ mmd TUta, cd. Ckik, i. 170^^ T¥e Co^mj of 
Loork» SfJtMMtfta bod porriiaitd aroH tbe Uaivecazcj m i6j6w ^ tkree jaa%t the 
'•OKhcanaoe of the ^inil c ^ of Ubies* on d&e post of the UsmnitT. SiadUr 
ssaaecBacBti were made ia 1661, 1664 aad 1669. \n, 1^2 the xxxxaecBene wis 
aoc reaewad, aad ia 1678 the Uuii e asitt begaa to pcxat faibkcs agaa. 

■ Bf 'the PkohibitofT Act' Ddoq aeeas to iciEr to ^e apee^cats far fbr- 
beaiaaoe ■entinord ia the pcevioas aote. A oopr of a aoCioe isaed hf the Pkcs 
vith refereaoe to a ipecial edxtioa of the B&le k ia the SoppleBKat to ^is toIbbm, 

* The fist votaiBe of Pitf s Eagiish Atlas appcazad ia i6Sql Besides Nk»lsoa 
aad Todd, RkhaxdPeen, Thomas Laae aad Obadiah Walker had a lamdiaiL It 
was to have bcea in eleven Tolaiaes» bat oohrloar aad the teat of the fifth appeared. 
It was act SBfTrssfii! finaa a prranniy poiat of view, la 16S5 PStt vras arrested 
ofi a sait fcr 1000^ aad he was innawnne i ! ia the Fleet finaa 16S9 to 1691. He 
diedbefiocetheeadof theoeatarj. Hk life is ia Z>. A: ^. 

* See a. 3, p. 260. 

* Hattooin the Foecity five aad a half aiiles aortifc-west ofFenrith, is die parish 
ia which the FIctdiers were kxds of the ataaor. Hagh*s fiither Thoiaas was 
elected bj Ciomwell^s seqaestratocs^ aad »™p »«***»*< at Carii<ir. Tbe crinies laid 

him were, that he ased the Lofd*s pcaTer, bapciied children, visited the 
and soaedaies pBcachcd pdvatelj to hk parishioaets aad others. He aeeois 
to have beea mtuml after the acrewjon of Chaiies II, as a yoaag brother of 
H^^% who ■miiiTiiul ftoia Qaeea's ia 16839 was boa at Hattoo in 1666. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 311 

who was Tabiter of o' CoUedge about a year ago (being first 
Mr Skeltons ^ schoUer & then mine) but is now M' of Arts & Fellow of 
University Colledge, & who I am sure will be as ready as any man to 
gratify you in things of this nature upon the account of some obligac^s 
you have been pleas'd to lay upon his RelacSiis. A very small supply 
will be sufficient for us by Bumyatts, because I find you are beforehand 
wth me att p^sent & so I think youl ever be w^ 

S»Yo»Servt 

Tho: Dixon. 

My respects to yof son William*: as also to yo» Nephew* & S' George * 
when you see them* 

These 
To his truly Honoured 
Freind Daniel Fleming 
£s% att Rydall-hall 
i3 Westmoreland 



S' 



CLXXX. 
Henry Fleming to Daniel Flemino (2246). 

0x611 Jantu y* aa. {f 



Your letter with ten shillings I haue received of Mr Simpson * who 
hath been very kind to me hear ; Truely I was very glad to see him, 
and not only as he was an old freind of mine ; but alsoe to hear soe 
much good news from him, which was the wellfare of all my Relations. 
Soe haueing noe news here in Oxford to acquaint you withall with my 
duty to your selfe and my love to all my brothers and sisters I rest 

S» 



Your dutyfull son 

Henry Fleming* 



For 



Daniel Fleming Esq^ 

at Rydal-hall near 

Kendal 

These. 

^ See n. 3, p. 119, and xl i, p. 333. ' See n. a, p. ao9. 

* Henry Fletcher, see n. i, p. 337. 

* Fletcher, Henry Fletcher's father, for whom see o. I, p. 5. 

* James, for whom see n. 7, p. 335. 



312 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

CLXXXI. 
Rev. Thomas Dixon to Daniel Fleming (2258). 

Oxoll April y* 7 (80) 
Honored S^ : 

I rec<i yo" by Bumyatts as also 3^ in money, & have sent you an 

account inclosed herein ^ how that & the other Sumes w<^ I have rec^ 

upon yo' Sons account since Lady Day (79) have been expended. 

By the Accounts youl find something in arrear, so that a returne 

of 5 or 6^ for that & the Dues of y« ensueing Quarter (w«>» will not be 

high) will do well betwixt this & the midle of July next, because 

all must be answered to the Colledge thenabouts for y^ whole year*. 

If you desire the particular Bills of y® Sumes in my note you shall have 

them upon the least intima6ofi. I am glad to hear that yc^ nephew 

Fletcher' is safely arriv'd amongst you. I perceive he bends his 

Studd/s another way than wee must do (or he could have done) 

att the University. I wish him good success in all his undertakeings. 

I have not writt to him by the Bearer, because I do not know where 

he is, neither have I rec^ any Orders from him about y® Goods 

& Caution he left undispos'd of. I hope to help him to a Customer 

for his Hangings the next Terme, & then he shall hear from me. 

I am much engaged to you both for yo' kind remembrance of me. 

I hope you do not thii^ that wee are altogether unmindfull of you 

at Oxob or that wee do not remember you in come drink *■ or nobler 

liquour when occasion serves. I deliver'd yo^s to M' Tod ' & I find 

that either he or M' Nicholson* of our house (who are both con- 

cem'd in y^ AUas) will be ambitious to gratify you att any time in 

anything relateing to that affiair. Moses Pitt ^ their master (if I may 

so call him) is come downe to hasten y^ finishing of y^ first Volume, 

& 'twill be done (I am told) w^in this fortnight for certaine. So 

that y^ Subscribers may have it taken up for them either att the 

Theater or att London (according to y^ directions) about Whitsun- 

* See below CLXXXH, p. 314. 

* The Coll^;e Accounts were at this time made op to the 31st of July in each 
year, and the Bursars had to render thdr accounts on 15 Angnst, ' foonder's day.' 
See p. a6i and n. i there. 

* HeniT, see n. I, p. 337. 

* i.e.beeB. 

* Hn^b Todd, for whom see n. s, p. a6a 

* See n. 8, p. aaS. 

* Sm B, 6, p. 310. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 313 

tide. Mr Shepheard * (one of our flfellows) dy'd of a consumption 
not along ago. Mr Vicechancellour* is gone into Wales (being 
Arch-deacon of Brecknock) & returns about 10 dayes after Easter. 
Before he went (att his relume from meeting the Bp of Exeter ' att 
Andover * in his journey into y« West) he surprizd & caught a great . 
many of our poor children att a neighbouring Alehouse takeing fresh 
Fees of a young man, as they had paid themselves formerly °, yet he 
dealt so severely w^b them, that he gave them their choice the next 
day whether they would be whipt or tum'd out of their places, & they 
all chose y^ latter, & some of them are out accordingly yet, but others 
(whereof Henry was one being scarse ever in an Alehouse before) 
were restored to their places shordy after, haveing exercise impos'd 
upon them ; and the rest would be content with y^ same soure sauce if 
they might have it. My respects to y' Son William • and Mr Fletcher '' 
when you see him, with my himible service to Mr High Sheriff*, & yo' 
self. I am 

Sr 
It depends upon my Fath' Yo' faithfuU Freind to co&and 

whether I shall come downe Tho: Dixon. 

in August next. 

These 

To the WorPfuU Daniel 
Fleming Es% att 
Rydall-hall 
Inl Westmoreland 
p^sent. 

* See n. 9, p. 279. 

' The provost, Timothy Halton, for whom see n. i, p. 104. 
' Thomas Lamplngh, for whom see n. 3, p. 131. 

* Andover is 65 miles from London, on the great west road to Salisbury, Exeter 
and PljnDDOuth. It is three miles from Weyhill, the parsonage which the College 
had lately given the Provost. See CLXXVII, p. 307, and n. 8 there. 

' For the variations in the modes of these payings of footings, and initiations of 
freshmen in all Universities, see Rashdall's Universities of Europe in the Middle 
AgeSy ii. 628. 

* See n. a, p. 209. 

"* Henry, for whom see n. i, p. 237. 

' Sir George Fletcher, for whom see n. i, p. 5, was now Sheriff of Cumberland 
for the second time. He had held the office before in 1657-8. See p. 117 and 
n. 2 there. 



314 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



CLxxxn. 

Hekrt Fleicing's Collzgk Accounts, March 1679 to 

Makch 1680 (2407 a). 

Henry Flemings Accounts betwixt Lady Day (79) Sc Lady Day (80). 

£ s d 
Paid to y« Tayler for him June y« 14 (79) . • o 18 o 

To the Bookseller Jmie the 30 (79) 0132 

Due for Batles Ten Pasck * (79) . ... . . 3 11 11 

Tutorage & Studdy this Quarter ' o 16 8 

To the Bedmaker, Laundress & Barber . .066 

Pd to the Mercer Aug: 26 (79) 184 

To y^ Shoomaker for 2 pair of Shooes Sept. 20 .070 

Bades Long Vac: (79) 384 

Tutorage & Studdy this Quarter 0168 

Bedmaker, Laundress & Barber 066 

Given to y« D'* for a fee in Gold Sept: 21. (79) . • o 12 6 

Pd to the Apothecary ' for sickness i 13 o 

Pd also for Watergruely posset drink Ac . . .098 

Pd Bookseller Dec: 4 (79) 0156 

Batles Ten Mich: (79) 3 6 1 1 

Tutorage & Studdy this Quarter o 16 8 

Bedmaker, Laundress & Barber 066 

Pd to the Tayler Febr: 20 (79) 066 

To the Shoomaker March 22 (79) . . ..070 
To the Bookseller March y® 31 (80) . . . . 1 11 o 
Bades Ten Nat (|i) 1129 

^ The Terms or Quarters for the purposes of account at Queen's College seem 
from early times to have been, as at present, Nat. (Nativity, from 21 Dec to 
35 March), Pasch. (Easter, from 35 March to 34 June), Vac or Mag. Vac (Long 
Vacation, from 34 June to 39 Sept.), and Mich. (Michaehnas, from 39 Sept to 
31 Dec). In the earliest Long Rolls what is now called Vac was called Joh. 
Bapt., i. e. St John Baptist or Midsummer. 

' Henry Fleming seems to have paid in 1679 the same amount for his chamber, 
6s, Sd.f as Henry Brougham in 1657. Brougham as a commoner paid a pound 
a quarter for tuition, while Fleming as a batler paid only ten shillings. The 
latter*s charge for Bedmaker, Laundress and Barber also is only 6s, 6d^ whil^ 
Brougham paid iis,6d. under the same heads. See XL^ p. 107, XLIII, p. no, and 
other accounts to LX, p. 135. 

» See Dixon's letter CLXX, p. 299. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 315 

Tutorage & Studdy this Quarter 0168 

Bedmaker, Laundress & Barber 066 

gS M 3 

Remaining in my hands att y® last Accounts • 10 7 3 

Received Aug: 4 (79) 500 

More of Bateman * Dec: i (79) 500 

More of Bumyatts* March 15 (U) 300 

In all . 33 7 3 
So behind due to me . 2 7 o 
Mr Dixon's Accompt 
for my Son H. F. til 
Mar. 25. 80. 

2» 

CLXXXIII. 
Rev. Hugh Todd* to Daniel Fleming (2259). 

Univ: Coll: Oxon. Ap: 7**. 1680. 
Sr 

In Your kind Letter to me, you are pleased to mention your 
having subscrib'd for an Atlas; upon w<^ Intimion of Yours, I 
mentioned it to Moses Pitt • (now in Towne, waiting 'till the i«* Volum 
see the world, w<^^ may be about a Month hence) : He told me he 
knew nothing of certainty as to his having your Name in the 
Cataloge • ; & that unless Mr Adams of the Inner Temple ^ had ord" 
from you (w<^ he has not as yet signify'd) to have it inserted, he was 
like to be soe unfortunate, as to publish the whole List, w^ out that 

^ See n. 8, p. 390. 

' Richard, see n. 6, p. 263. 

' This is an endorsement on the paper in D. F.'s hand. The 2 characterises this 
as the second of a series of documents of which CLXIII was the first. 

^ See n. a, p. a6o. 

• See n. 6, p. 310. 

' The list of subscribers, as we should say. 

^ John Adams was a barrister of the Inner Temple, and a topographer. He 
published in 1677 a large map of England and Wales, which he reissued in 1693. 
In 1680 he published, 'Index Villaris, or an Alphabetical Table of all Cities, 
Market-Towns, Parishes, Villages, Private Seats in England and Wales.' He was 
a frequent correspondent of D. F., who helped him in his geographical investiga- 
tions, and used him to put down his own name and those of other friends as 
subscribers to Pitt*s Atlas. Adams was not altogether satisfied with his dealings 
with Pilt. His Ufe hinD.N B, 



31 6 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

credit, soe noble a Subscription might ha done it S^, If there be any 
mistake in this Affair, please to signifie your directions to me, and 
I shall be sure, in this busines to rectifie it ; & in the interim to retarde 
the composing of the Cataloge, 'till I or some of your Correspondence 
here, may have a line from you. Your Son, over the way, (as I heare), 
has escap'd a terrible storme^, that has shipwrack'd some of his 
Fraternity; & I question not but by his good conduct & laudable 
progress will engage the College to reward his diligence w*h w* 
p^emt it can bestow. S^ not to be in a nearer capacity then I am, 
to befriend him in his proceedings, I count noe lide part of my 
misfortune & only to be redress'd by being thought fitt to doe your 
Comands, w<^ upon all occasions shall find me 

Your most Affectionate & Humble Servant H: Todd: 
For 

Dan: Fleming Esc^ 
atRydal 
in 
Westmorland, these. 



CLXXXIV. 
Hekrt Fleming to Daniel Fleming (2260). 

Ox6& April y« 8. 80. 
Sf 

I haue received your letter with 10", and am very glad to hear that 

all my Relations are well. We haue no news here worth the trouble 

of writeing : but y^ the last week some of our poor childreen being put 

out of their places, we had an election for more; at which time 

M^f Provost took three in, instead of them ■. Soe with my duty to your 

selfe, and my love to all my Brothers and Sisters I rest 

S' 

Your dutyfiill son 

For Henry Fleming. 

Daniel Fleming Esq^ 

at Rydal«hall near 

Kendal 

These. 

' The fracas described bj Dixon in CLXXXI, p. 313. 

* Two o£ the tiuee were almost certainlj John Cannon and John Wangfa. The 
liid may have been William Peareoii. The elections of poor children are seldom 
mended is Ae Golkce Rcgista. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 317 

CLXXXV. 

Henry Fleming to Daniel Fleming (2269). 

Ox^ May ai. 80. 
St 

Your letter dated y« 19 of April I received with the enclosed, 

which according to your order I delivered immediately after it came to 

my hand. I haue been soe very sore troubld at this late and sad 

accident which befell me, that I haue not known this long time what 

to write to you; but now hopeing the business is fully ended (because) 

that this week Mr Provost put all in their places again, which he had 

before put out) I make bold to trouble you. We are now (I hope 

all very well again, yet I belive for my part I shall never forgett my 

bad fortune ; though I had as little reason to be troubled as any of 

them, seing I was less faulty, for I was never taken by Mr Provost, 

because I left the company aboue an hour before they were taken, but 

they thinking to clear themselves told of all that had ever been there ; 

such company I hope for the future I shall ever endeavour to avoide. 

We haue expected the Dean of Carlile * all this week, but he is not 

come yet Soe with my duty to your selfe and my love to my 

brothers and sisters I rest 

S' Your dutyfuU son 

Henrt Fleming. 
forward 3. 
For 

Daniel Fleming Esqi^ 

at Rydal-hall near 

Kendal 

These 

Post paid to London 2^. 

CLXXXVI. 
Henry Fleming to Daniel Fleming (2270). 

OzSIl May 31. 80. 

Sr 
I could not willingly pass by soe fitt an oppertimity, without write- 
ing to you ; although I haue noe business, but to desier you that you 

^ Thomas Smith, dean of Carlisle from 167 1 to 1684, when he was made bishop 
of that see, for whom see n. 5, p. 3, and n. 4, p. 9. In a letter of Sir John Lowther 
of Sockbridge to D. F. dated July 6th, 80 {R, P, 2378), which mentions the putting 
out of D. F. from the Commission of the Peace for Camberland| he adds 
' Mr. Dean gone this day to Ox6&.' 



3i8 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

would be pleased to tend me some Geognpfaf bookes with maps in, 

and some Latin Histories, if 70a haoe anj that joa can spare ; for 

thej are soe very dear, that I wookl boj as few of them as I conld; 

Soe hopeing that jon are all weQ, with m j duty to jour sdf^ and my 

love to mj brothers and sisters^ I rest 

Sr 

Your dntyfbn son 

Henkt Fixhdtg. 
For 

Daniel Fleming 

Esq^ at Rydal-hall 

near Kendal 

These. 

CLXXXVn. 
Rev. Thomas Dixon to Danicl Fixmiiig (2179). 

Ozoli July tlie 8 (80). 

Honored S*. 
I hope the scarcity of remarkeable occurrences that have happen'd 
of late amongst us, will sqx>logize for my long silence & plead my 
excuse. 'Twere well if I could make amends att length ; but I doubt 
I shall fall short. The greatest newes I have to send you is, That 
the Deane of Carlisle arriv'd att Ox^ last night \ & designs to continue 
with us till after Act '. He makes use of part of the Vicechancellours. 
Lodgings for himself & his Retinue, but his horses are at the 
Angell*. I designe to wait upon him shortly though I have no 
acquaintance with him : yo' son also & some others will p^^nt 
him with Epistles ^ One M^ Braithwaite' (an Hantshire Minister, 

* If he left London on the 6th (see n. i, p. 317), he did not arrive at Ox£ord on 
the tame day. 

' The Act was this year on Monday, la July. See Appendix I. 
' See n. a, p. 170. 

* For a sample of the sort of Epistle, see n. a, p. a7a. 

' Thomas Braithwait, Brathwayt, or Biaithwaite entered Queen's College as 
batler a8 September, and matriculated 15 Nov. 1639, aged 18. His father's name 
was Gawen. He proceeded B.A. a8 Nov. 1644, and M.A. 8 Jnly, 1647. ^^ ^^^ 
elected scholar on the foundation of Henry Wilson a3 Jan. 1646-7, and fellow 
xo Feb. 1647-8 to be admitted at sooo as possible. He does not seem to have 
enjoyed any emolument as fellow before the beginning of 1649. He was pre- 
sented to the liviog'of Enham in 1651, and afterwards to the rectory of Oakley 
near Basingstoke. He was father of Thomas, bom at Enham, who entered 
Qneen't College at a commoner 16 March, 1679-80, matriculating the tame day» 
and was afterwards fellow of New College, warden 1 703-1 a, and vicechancellor 
1709-1 1. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 319 

borne in Windermer & formerly fellow of y« CoUedge) intends to 
come to see him the next Monday: att which time the heat of y^ Act 
will be over, & wee shall be surfetted with sights and playes, as well 
as tired with hurry & noise. Wee had a Publick Presentac&n this 
day for a D^ of Phydck, a Batchl' in Divinity, 4 Masters & one 
Batchler of Arts of our house ^. Mr Skelton ' answers the Doctors this 
Act in y« Theater, but dos not take his degree. I have writt to yo' 
Nephew Fletcher ' twice & heard from him once since my last to you. 
My broth' James * was with us lately. I hope to hear by Burnyatts ° 
very shortly that you are all well about our parts in y^ North, though 
our last letters gave us fresh Alarums as if there were some new 
Comotions towards the Orcades*. If a Scotish tempest should arise, 
it would almost affright me from giveing you a visitt this Sumer, 
though I perceive my Father designs to send me up an horse very 
shortly ^ I shall resolve before Burnyatts retume. In y« interim 
I rest 

Sr yo» att comand 

Tho: Dixon* 



forward 3 



These 



To the WorPfull 

Daniel Fleming 
£sq^ att Rideall-hall 

in Westmoreland, 

To be sent by y® Post to 

Lancaster & so to Kendall, 
pd 2d 

* The D' of Physick was John Floyer. afterwards Sir John Floyer, the Batchl' 
in Divinity was John Mill, for whom see n. 4, p. 333. 

' See n. 3, p. 119, and n. i, p. 333; 

* Henry, see n. i, p. 337. 

* See CL, p. 363, CLI, p. 364, CLIV, p. 370. 

* Richard, the carrier, see n. 6, p. 363. 

* After the defeat at Bothwell Bridge in Jnne, 1679, some of the covenanters 
followed their spiritual guides, Cargil and Cameron, into the desert 33 June, 1680, 
they disowned the King and Doke of York at the cross of Sanquhar. Cameron 
was killed so July, at Airmoss. Cargill excommunicated the King, the Dukes of 
York and Monmouth and other persons publicly at Torwood in Stirlingshire. He 
was captured and executed 36 July, 1681. Several of his followers also suffered, 
but the greater number were transported to America, or sent to serve in a Scotch 
regiment in the pay of the king of Spain. 

^ This would in those days be the most practical way of sending an invitation to 
visit the North. 



320 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

CLXXXVHL 
Henry Fleming to Daniel Flexing (228a). 

This last week the Dean of Carlile came into Oxford S and by 
y« order of Mr Provost and Mr Dixon on friday momii^ I presented 
him with an Epistle ', which was a very smal thing in respect of y« 
many kindnesses which he has already shown, in writeing so often to 
Mr Provost and y« fellows in my behalf. Soe being in hast w*** my 
duty to your self and my love to my brothers and sisters I rest 

Oxofi July J* 13. Your dutyfull son 

^- H. Fleming. 

For 

Daniel Fleming Esq^r 

at RydaUludl near 

Kendal 

These 

To be left wth Mr 

Simpson' in Kendal. 

CLXXXIX. 

Henry Fleming to Daniel Fleming (2295). 

Oxford Aug. $. 80. 
Sr 

Yours of July y« 10 with i5» I haue received, and am very glad 
to hear you are all well, and according to your order, I send here 
a note of all y^ bookes which I have bought since I came * ; And for 
a Quintus Curtius, I had bought one before yours came to my hand, 
but however I shall keep them both. I haue done reading Logick 
and Ethicks, and I now read a compendiu of Ph3rsicks*. These 
clothes which I haue begining to look a little old, makes me so 
bold, as to desier you, that you would be pleased to send me some 

* See n. i, p. 317. 

• See above, CLXXXVU, p. 318, and n. 4 there, 

• Sec n. 7, p. 335. 

* CXC was inclosed in CLXXXIX. 

' Bnrgendyck^s book, which Henry Fleming had brought up with him (see n. 3, 
p. 351), treated Natural Philosophy as well as Moral Philosophy compendioosly ; 
and the Epitome Natnralis Sdentise of Daniel Senneit was tiirioe reprinted in 
Oxford, 163a, 1653 and 1664. (Madan's Early Oxford Pnss, 163.) 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 321 

cloth for a suit, of any colour, with Rich. Bumyeats ^ y^ next time he 
comes. Soe with my duty to your self and my love to all my brothers 
and sisters I rest 

S' your very dutyfuU son 
HsNRT Flsming. 
For 

Daniel Fleming Esq^' 
at Rydal-hall 
near Kendal 

These. 



CXC. 
List of Books bought bt Henry Fleicing at Oxford (2293). 

A note of Bookes bought by Mr H. F. at Oxford before Aug. 3. 
1680 \ 

Crakanthrops Logick \ 
Romans, Antiquites^ 
Fumier on Euclid ^ 
Smiglesius Logick *. 
Sophoclis. 
Masius Log^ 
Wingates Arethmatick '. 
Historia ab orbe condita *. 
Whole duty of man *^ 

^ See D. 6, p. 363. 

* This heading to the list is in D. F.'s writing. This list includes the books 
conUined in CLXVIII, the list of books bought at Oxford sent home earlier by 
Henry. 

' See n. a, p. 295. 

* See Additional Notes. 

* See n. 5, p. 295. 

* Sec n. 3, p. 295. 
' See n. 4, p. 295. 

* See n. i^ p. 296. 

* He had forgotten this, when drawing up the earlier list, though he refers to it 
in an earlier letter. See CLXIV, p. 290 and n. 4 there. 

^^ The Practice of Christian Graces, or The Whole Dnty of Man laid down In 
a Plaine and Familiar Way for the Use of All, bnt especially the Meanest Reader. 
Divkied into xvii. chapters, one whereof being read e?ery Lords Day the Whole 

T 



322 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

A paper booke. 

Bythners Hebrew gramer ^. 

Stalius Axioms '. 

Flaveb Demonstrations '. 

Cicero's 3 volums of orations. 

Quintus Curtius. 

Lucians Dialogs. 

Pindar. 

Prosod. Greek. Coalman \ 

may be read OTer Thrice in the Year. With Private Devotions For Sefenl 
Occasions ; Viz. For Morning, Evening, Sacrament, The Sick &&, Times of Pnb. 
Calamities. London, Printed by D. Mazwdl for T. Garthwait at the little 
North door of S. Pauls, 1658. (Bodl. sm. ^,) There are thirty-seven editioDS 
in the Bodleian of which the one having the above title-page is the first The 
title-page was soon modified into The Whole Duty of Man, laid down in a 
plain and Familiar Way for the Use of All, Bnt especially the Meanest Reader. 
Divided into Seven t een Chapters : One whereof being read every Lords Day, the 
Whole may be read over Thrice in the Year. Necessaiy for all Families. With 
Private Devotions for Several Occasions. London, Printed by Roger Norton, for 
George Pawlet, at the Sign of the Bible in Chancery-Lane, near Fleet Stxeet, 1684, 
in which form it appears in The Works of the Loimed and Plons Author of The 
WlioleDntyofMan. Printed at the Theater in Oxford. (Qneen*s College Libiaiy« 
folio.) See n. 5, p. 959. 

^ Lingua Eruditorum^ Hoc est. Nova et Methodica Institndo Linguae Sanctie^ 
Usui eorum Qnibus Fontes Israelis plen^ intelligere, Ac ez illis Umpidisslmas aquas 
haurire, cnrae cordique est, accommodata: Studio' et Operft Victorini Bythner. 
Oxonise, Typis GniU Turner. Impensis Authoris. 1638. (BodL sm. 8^) It was 
abo reprint^ at Cambridge, 1645. See Madan's Eiirly Oxford Press ^ p. S04. 

' Axiomata Philosophica Sub Titulis xx. comprehensa : A M. Danide Stahlio, 
Indytse Academise Jenensis Professore publico : Quae variis exemplis illnstrantur, 
distinctionibus declarantur, & certis limitationibus accurate determinantur. Editio 
quarta. Londini, £x Offidna Rogeri Daniel, Ac veneunt apud loan. IT^^Uiams, sub 
signo Coronse in Coemiterio D. Pauli, MDCLI. (Queen^s College Library, is«.) 
The College copy has Joseph Williamson and pr. a*. 4*^. written on the title-page, 
and £ libris Josephi Williamson e Coll. Reg. Oxon. 165a on the fly-leaf. 

' Tractatus de Demonstratione Methodicus & Polemicus, qnatnor libris abso- 
lutus : antehaec in usum luventutis in Collegio Wadhami apud Oxonienses privatis 
praelectionibus traditus, i Joanne Flavel Art. Mag. Ac ejusdem CoUegii Soda 
Oxonise, Excndebant Joannes Lichfield et Jacobus Short, Academise Tjrpographi, 
Anno Dom, 1619. (Bodl. la^) 

* Opus Prosodicum Grsecum Nowm, in quo syllabarum Gnecarum positiooe, 
Diphthongis, Ac Vocabulis longis carentium, Quantitates ex Oithodozis Patribus, 
Philosophis, Historids, Oratoribus Ac Poetis Grsecis, cum priscis, inm reoentibns, 
inprimis ver6 Epids atq; Elegiacis, perspicn^ demonstrantur. Vcfsos In hoc opeie 
allegati, plerique omnes Gnomologid sunt Ac proverbiales, adjecta k regione Ln^ilia 
versione, cum brevibus Gnomarum Ac Proverbiorum notis. Siagulari st«^ oon- 
dnnatum, inque lucem editum a Petro CoeleuMumo, FBcdagogii illnstris» qsod 
Stetini Pomeraoise est, qnoodam Conrectore. FianoofiDtiy Apod Vidoam JoMe 



THE FLEMINGS IS OXFORD 

Seutonius. 
Isendoom' Logick '. 
Goodwyn's Anliquites '. 
Bucstorfs Hebrew Gramer '. 
A paper booke. 
Scribters Toppicks'. 

(Bodl. im. E°.) The Library hoi alio an earlier edition, Franco- 
Anti, Apod Nicolaam Hoffmannum, Sumptibni lonae Rhodii, M.nc.xr. 

' OirsDi LogicDi System HticDi & Agoniiticui, lo Quo, Piietei Theorcmata, 
Qnxatione^ ad eorum eiplicalicmem necessarile, more ^choluiico, proponantnc, 
examinaalur ditcntiantnr & lolvuntur. A Giiberto ab IseiidoDni, Medicina: Liccn- 
tiato, in Academia dacalns Gelrix 8c Comllatoa Zalphoniz PhilosophirE Profeaioie 
primirio. Accnsenmt ad calcem Indices ties; primes Capitum, tecimdiis Qaae- 
iticnum, tntiiu Aalhonim, h qaomm prtesertim lacobratioDibus hoc opm fuit cod- 
dnoattun. Oxonli, Typis Gulielmi Hall, Samplibus Rob. Blagiave. Anno Dam. 
1658. (Bodl, ia°.l The Bodleian bai also ft copy in small 4° Hnidcyid, Apad 
JoajmemTolliDm, AcademixTypogtaphum. M DC LI v. SumpHbus Jodoci Jinsaonii, 
Bibliopolie Amiteladacoensis. 

' Romanx Hisloiix Anthotogia recognita et sucla. An English Exposition of 
Ihe Romaa Antiqailies; wheteln Many Roman and Engliih OQices are paTallel'd, 
and (Urers obscare Phiases Eiplsined. For the use of Abingdon School. Newly 
Rerised and Enlarged by the Anthour. London, Printed by R. W. for Pcler 
Pftrker,ind are to be sold at hii Shop in Popes-head Alley, next to Lombard llreet, 
1661. (4'. Queen's College Library.) The Dedication lo Dr. John Yoong, Dean 
of Winchester, ia dated 14 Cilend. Decemb. 1611, and signed Tho. GodwyQ. 

' There arc two Hebrew Grammar* by Bulorf. Of Ihe larger, the copy In 
Qneen's College Library ii Johannii Buxtorii Thesaurus Grammaticns Lingute 
Saoctse Hebrzae, Dnobus libris methodice propositus Qaomm prior vocnni linga- 
lanuD naturam & ptoprietates, alter vocum conjunclamm ralionem 0: clegantlam 
nniversam, accumtiuimi explical. Adjects Fiosodia Metrics livc Pocseos Hebiico- 
ram diludda tractalio : Lectionii HebnED-Germanicce osus & exercitatio. Edilio 
lertia, cum cnpilnm & vocam irregnlarinin indice. In Inclytn Helrclioram 
Basitea, Impenils Ludovici Regis, m.dc.xx. The Library has also the 4ih edition, 
1619. It is a small 8° of over 700 pages. The copy of the smaller it Johannis 
Bnitorlii Epitome Grammatiue HebncK, Breviter & methodice ad publicum 
Scholarnm usum proposita. Adjecia sncdncta de Mntatione pnnclomm Tocalium 
Instnctio, Sc Teilnnm Psalmommqne aliquot Hebraicomm Latina biterpirtatio, 
Vt prompts sit jitTeiitDli, & ad manam poiita lectionis ft cieicitatioals maleriet. 
Edilio nltima. Amstenlaroi, Apud Joonncm Janasoniom, MDCXXXU. This is 
■ dtiodedmo of 13G Pages. In spite of this being the last edition the College baa 
also a copy printed at Leyden 1716, edited by John Leusdcn which calls itself Ihc 
fbtirth edition. 

* Cbristophori Scheibleri, antehac in Academla Giuena Profcssoris et PoHJagogl- 
archae Liber Commcntarionim Topiconim, Hoc est Dc Locii sife Argnmeolit 
Logici*. Addili sunt dno indices, Alter capitom generillnm tltnlorum.dc qux- 
Mionnm in inillo: Alter remm in line. Editia nova corrediot. Marpurgi, Typis 
Caiparls Chemllal, MDCXXIIX. (Qneen's Collie Library.) The College Copy is 
E Ubris Joseph! Williamson e Coll. Reg. Oxon. 1651 ex dono D" Smith ejnid. 
CoU. Soc On the title-page Is Gntielmus Qnaterman, pieliQ 3* t*. 



ll 



! 



324 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

Pavonius Ethicks ^ 

Castanius Distinctions ^ 

Cluverius Geography w**k)ut maps •. 

Eustachius Ethics \ 

Salius Ethicks \ 

^ Samma Ethicae, siTe, Introductio in Aristotelis, et Theologoni 
Moralem, cum qnatuor Indicibus. Vno Propositioniim in libri ini 
stotelico, tertio Thomistico, quarto Rerum, in fine. Auctore Fran 
Catacensi Theologo Sodetatis Jesu. Lngdnni, Sumptibns Antonii ] 
signo Sanctistimse Trinitatis. m.dcxx. Cum privilegio Regis. (Be 
' The earliest edition in the Bodleian of this popular book, and 
first, is a quarto, Celebriorum Distinctionum tum Philosophicanim \ 
carum Synopsis. Authore Henrico-Ludovico Castanseo Rnpipoza 
Episcopo, Lugduni Batavorum Ex Officitia Jacobi Patii. Anno 
comes a ma,qnificent folio in which the author is called Henrico^Lndo 
De La Rochepozay PictaYorum Episcopa Editio Altera Multo La 
Selectorum Axiomatum additamento. Augustoriti Pictonum £z ] 
Mesnerii Regis 8c Academise Typographi 1619. Cum priTilegio 
Stationers' Society of London reprinted the first edition in 161 7 in 
as the Leyden edition, and Samuel Maresius had annotated it and ] 
40 at Groningen in 1658. But the edition which Henry Fleminj 
probably Celebriorum Distinctionum Philosophicarum Synopsis. ^ 
"' \ Ludov. Castanseo. Accedunt &, Georgii Reel, Soc. Jesu, Distincti 



1 



I 

1 



.% 



ir 



I 






J 



' 



phicse. Editio nova ex prioribus emendatissima. Oxonise, Excndeb 
^ ' Impensis Jos: Godwin & Edw. Forrest, m.dclvii. (i3^.) 

j ' This may be either Philippi Cluverii Introdnctionis in Uniye 

i- phiam, tam Veterem quam Novam Libri VI. Accessit P. Bertii Bre 

terrarum. Amstelodami, Apnd Elzevirios. 1677. (Bodl. I2«.) or As 
into Geography, both Ancient and Modeme, comprised in Sixe Boc 
Cluverius, together with severall incidentall remarques, newly ad* 
Printed by Leonard Lichfield, Printer to the University for Rob. Bla 
Domini. 1657. (Bodl. sm. 8^) The translator was H. S. and 
dedication to Henry Chester of Lillington, from Oxford a8 Api 
maps are in the quaito editions of which the earliest in the Bod! 
Leyden 1634. There are three Amsterdam editions between 1629 
another 1729. The Queen^s College copy of 1697 has no maps, but 
them. An edition dated 1711 has them. Some of the later Amstei 
have no date of publication. 

^ Ethica, sive Summa Moralis Disciplinse, In Tres Partes divisa. 
Eustachio A S. Paulo. Cum duplici Indioe locupletissimo. Londii 
Impensis Joh. Williams sub Signo Anchors Cerulese, in Vico Vnlg 
Brittain, A. D. M DC LXXI. (Queen's College Library sm. 8^) Tlu 
also a copy dated 1693, which belonged to Theophilus Metcalfe. 
I * Ethica, sive Moralis Philosophia Ex Vetemm, 8c Recentiomm 

Disputationum juxta ac concionum, totiusque vitas hnmanse usnm co 
& rerum apparatu concinnata. Opera et Studio Andrese Sallii S. T 
Professoris, Serenissimo Magnse Britannise Regi i Sacris Domest 
Typis L. Lichfield, Acad. Typog. Impensis Ric. Davis. 1680. (Bodl 
author was an Irish Jesuit, bom at Cashel 1 61 3, who joined the cfamc 



\] 



h 



Golius ElHcks '. 
Morisanua Phylosophy '. 
Brerwoods Elhicka'. 
A Hebrew Psalter '. 
A paper booke. 

1674. He was made D.D. in Dnblin, wenl to Oiford 1675, where he pnbliihed 
tbjs and some cDntiOTersial works, snd died in Iteland 16S1 when occupied in the 
prodnctioD of an Old Testament in Irish. His life 'am/}.JV, B. 

' Epitome Doctrinfe Moralis ex decern libris Ethjconim Aristotelis ad Nico- 
machum collects, pro Academia Argentineasi, pa TheophilRtn Goliom Gtbiccs 
fUdem Pfofessorem. Cum Gratia & Privil^o imperinii ad nliD[ ]. Argcn- 
torali. Apod hKiedes Josiie Rihelii. (Queen's College Libmiy.) The College 
Cop)' belonged to Josejih Witliamson and the title-ps^ is defeclivs al the end of 
one line. The preface is dated Argcntorati Cilend. Septemb. udxcii. The Colli^ 
bat also copies published (i) Argenlorali 1631, (1) Londini, 1661. It and Golios' 
Politics were nsed in Oxford as late as the middle of the nirjelcealh century. 

' This may be a book of which there is a copy !□ qnaito in the Bodleian wilhoaC 
a title-page, of which the colophon is Kiais Commentarioium & Diapolationum 
Bemardi Morisani, ui libios Logicos, Fhyiicos, & Elhicos Aristotelis and the 
heading Xa the preface. Id Benigrdi Morisani, Deieniis tbetni, Philosophi Acu- 
tiHimi, Coininenlariorum & DispotatioDlim ApolelessiB ad Lectorem bcnevolum 
Pieefstio. The Preface is signed I'elms Maresduttus Libraiins Fianc. 

' TiBctahis Ethici i sive Commcntarii in aliqoot Aristotelis Libros ad Nichoma- 
chain, De Moribas : A celeberiimo Philosopho Edvar<Io Brcrcwood Art. Mag. 
t Colleg. ^nea-nasensi, olim conscripli : lam primiim ex Authoris ipatas 
Anlogritpho, inmmS tide, ncc minore curi castigati, & pnblJci juris facti : Per 
T.S. S.S. Theolog. Bacchalanreuin, & Colleg. jCnea-nasen^ apud Oxoii Socium. 
Oionix, eicudebal Gulliebnns Turner, Impensia Edvardi Forrest. 1640. (Qoeen's 
Colt^e Library, S".) ' This book was fiist published by Thoinas Sixestnith. M.A., 
fellow of Biuenose College, Oxford. A manuscript of ii is preienred in Queen's 
College libraiy.' {^D.N.B. s.v.) The library has also a MS. of hii ticadsG 

* This is probably Lyra Propbetica Davidis Re^s. Site Analysis Critico- 
PtKlica PsalnioruiD, In qua Omnes & singul^c voces Hebm in Piallcrio Contcnise, 
tatii PropriK quia) Appellative (nnlla CTcepti) ad Regulas Anis revocanlur; 
eariimqne ^gniiicationes geouinse explicantur ; Elegaolia; lingua: proprice erolvun- 
lar. Insuper Harmonia HebiKi teitns cnm Paraphrasi Chaldica, & Veitionc 
Gixca UCXIl Interprelam, in locis, lenteatiis discrepantibus, tideliler confcrtur. 
Cai ad cotceiD additn est Brevis Institutio Unguis Hcbiox et Chatda:x. Studio 
et Tigiliis Viclorioi Bythneii Poloni, LIngose Uebtaesc Piofessoiis, Qpul novum, 
Dec anti in tali forma lentatnm : in quo quid pnestitnm, Prtefalio nd Lectorem 
iodicabit. Londini, Typis Jacobi Flesher: Froslat ver6 Tcnalis apud Edm. 
fieechiooe Cantabiigi^e, mdclxiv. (Qneen'a Cull^e Library, am. 4°.) The 
Library has also a copy dated i6jo, but the 1664 one is inscribed, ' E librii He. 
Fleming e Coll. Reg: Oion. 1680-' ' Hunc Libra Taberdariis Coll. Heg. Oioa et 
eoru SuccessoribQ dono datum Henricn* Fleming A.M. noa ita pride Tabeidarins 
Memu ainurii Sui monninenlu ce voluiL Anno X". hdclXXKIX.' There 
are some marginal note*, bot it would aecin not in Henry Fleming's band- 



3i6 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFMD 



Qninlilians 

Hcreboords Mdetenata \ 

Boridaiis Etliicks'. 



CXCL 

HzxRT FixMiMe TO DiooxL Fixmc (2310)^ 

Ona SqtaK 18, 8a 



Not handng any opportimity, nor an j news to aoqoaint joa whh 
worth jour reading, nuufe me dehj wiiteii^ tfaos long. The last 
week came into Oxford j* Prince Palatin* with some odier Gennaine 




^ Mdetonata (diilosopkicAy in qiribi plq«q«e m Metipliyricg 
£tliiat • • • cxpliotar • • • Phjtica ... ciponitu i, nuMi icnm^ Lopcanm pcf 
DifpotatioBCi tnditnr. £ditk> alUfa . . . Kngiiita trilNB . . . di^MtetBoaibai 
aactior. 6 pt Lngdaoi Batefomm, 1659. 4* (BariL Maik CaL) ns 
to be ia Finland the nucrt of the wofks of Adrian HcffdxMd. Of Ui 
Logica dicre axe three oopiei m the Bodleian. It wai lepriatad bodi ia 
aad at Cambri^. Hit CoUegiam Flhiram was leprinted in f>««*Ain, and hk 
Fhilofophia Natmalit at leait twice in Qzted. The Meletewata went to dixce 
cditionf abroad, bat neither the Bodleian nor Qneen*t College has aoopj, and that 
in the Britifh Maaeam is i m p e rfec t. He was Ptofeaor of Phtkwophy aft Lejdcn, 
K 1614, d. 1661. 

* The Edition in Qneen*s College libraiy has for its Oolophon : — ^Hac aaqi 
^acte sottt qnestiooes Bnridani morales : roboitiori etati pdpoe plcgende. qs 
Egidins^ deUns sodns Sorbonicns: atq| in sacris litteris faaocalaxtos formatos 
emcndadns imprimi cantnit. * Impremoie Taol^ango hc^yL Anno IranMHoit dm 
If CCCCXXXXIX dedma qnarta die loliL It is a qnaito in doable <^rJimm« md 
begins: — Proeminm Joanus Bnridani in qnestiones saper x libros Aris. ad 
Nicomachmn. It was giren to the College by Johannes Tayler Aitiu BaocaL 

* ' Son of Charles LoTys coont paL of the Rhine, and prince elector of the 
empire (elder brother to prince Rnpert), and he theson of Frederick ooont palatine 
of the Rhine, prince elect of the empire and King of Bohemia by the ptincea 
Elisabeth his wife, daughter of King James I of England.* He arrived on 
Wednesday, Sept 8, and ' was received with solemnity in the nniversity, and took 
np bis lodgings in the dean's apartment in Ch. Ch. The next day being con- 
ducted to the public schools by the bishop and others, and thence to the 
apodyterinm, he was there habited in scarlet with some of his retinne : Thence he 
was ooodncted by the beadles and Dr. Morison the botanic profeawr (who at that 
time executed the office of the king's professor of phys. then absent) to the 
Theatre where the convocation was solemnized : And ccaning near to the 
▼icech. seat, the said doctor presented him with a little speedi ; which being done 
the yicech. created him * doctor of physic ' with another, and then was conducted 
to his seat of state 00 the right hand of the vicechancellor. All which, with die 
creation of some of his retinue being finished, the orator complemented him wxdi 
another speech in the name of the univeisity. The next day his highnew left 
Oxon, went to Hampton-cooitf and just at his arrival there (Sept la) newt wat 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 327 

nobles, who were very nobklj entertained by y^ University : not only 
by feasting, but also by speeshes at every Colledge gate, and by 
creating qI[ y^ Doctors. Last thursday the Duke of Monmouth came 
into Oxford too a horse rase about a mile out of town ^, where he rid. 
a horse of his own himselfe against a horse of my Lord Wharton's* 
but lost I doe not question but that you haue seen Mr. Mill*, 
Mr. Di^on \ and Mr. Ward ', before this time, nor doe I doubt of your 
kindenesse to them seeing they are soe kinde to me here. Soe with 
my duty to your self and my love to all my brothers and sisters, 
I rest 

Your very dutifull son 



HsNRT Flxiong. 



For forward 3 

Daniel Fleming £sq^ 
at Rydal-hidl near 
Kendal 

These 
Post p to London a^. 



cxcn. 

Rbv. Thomas Dixon to Daniel Flxxino (2322). 

Oxffi Oct: 10 (So). 
Honored Sf. 

Since my safe arriveall at Ox6h (about 10 dayes ago) I have been 

extraordinary bussy in composeing a Sermon for S^ Maries (that 

dreadfull place) against this day * : or else I should have thought myself 

brought to him that his fiither died suddenly at Edingen between Manheim and 
Frankendale on the 7th of the said month.' (Wood, Fasti^ ii. 378.) 

^ Thnrsday, Sept 16. ' The doke of Monmonth at Ozon racing in Port Meed 
by the meanes of Lord Lovelace. Sept 17, F, there againe. The University took 
no notice of him. Alderman Wright with a crew cried ont " God save him and the 
Protestant religion."' (Wood's Z<> him/ 7V«Mf, ed. Clark, u. 496.) 

■ See n. 6, p. 134. "^ 

' See n. 4, p. 33a. 

* Seen. i,p. 315. 
' See n. 5, p. aaS. 

* Under the Laadian Code there was to be a Latin Sermon at the b^;imiing of 
each term, to be preached in tnm by the Theological Professors & the other 
graduates in Theology in Deacon's orders at the least, or failing such by a perKm 
appointed by the vioechanoellor. (Griffiths and Shadwell, p. 158.) The tenth of 



328 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

obleig'd, both in civility ft gratitude, to have writt to yoa e'le thtt. 
And I doubt still whether even so i|tiportant an affair will be able 
to begg my excuse, considering the addition of your late signall kind- 
nesses to those unparallell'd ob]igac5ns I had received from you before. 
I must therefore still rely upon yo^ goodness, ft hope for a fiivourable 
constraction of so grand an omission. I p'sented yO^ service to 
Mr. Vicechancellour * att my retume, notwithstanding the want of 
a Comission from you, by reason of yo' urgent occasions beyond the 
Fells the day before I sett forward '. I went upon a strong p^sumption, 
ft should be apt to do the like again upon the like occasion. The 
greatest newes I have heard since I came to Towne (or rather before 
for it was told to us att Warwick) is, concerning the D. of Monmouths 
reception (or rather non-reception) by our University *, where it seemes 
he was not long ago: and som'what before his arriveall my L^ Lovelace * 
sent to the Bp of Ox6& ^ to acquaint him who was comeing to Towne : 
and the Bp sent the messenger to the Vicechancellour, to whom 
when he had deliver'd his message, ft acquainted him that his Grace 
was comeing to Towne, he reply'd, he hoped he was well, ft so 
dismiss'd him : But he was caress'd by y« Towne ft afterwards 
diverted with 2 or 3 Races in Portmeed*, where he lost the Plate 
(of my L^ Lovelace's) which he run for himself, but had better luck 
afterwards. The Prince Palatine^ (who I suppose was recomended 
to the University by his Maty not long before) found other enter- 
tainment He ^j^severall speeches made to him ft some Feasts made 
for him. A flying report has been sett abroad lately as if the Parliam* 

October was the first day of Michaelmas Term, and Dixon had probably been 
appointed by Timothy Halton who was vicechancellor. 

^ Timothy Halton, for whom see n. i, p. 104. 

' About this time D. F. had been removed from the commission of the peace, 
presumably for too great condliatoriness to the Roman Catholics in his neigh- 
bourhood. The Rydal Papers about this time are fall of letters from Sir George 
Fletcher, who suffered with him, Sir Christopher Musgrave, Sir John Lowther of 
Sockbridge, Lord Carlisle and others on this matter. Their names were replaced 
on the commission before the end of the year. 

• See n. i, p. 337. 

^ John Lovelace, third Baron Lovelace of Hurley, matriculated from Wadham 
College 1655, M. A. 1661 , M.P. for Berks 1661-70. Like Lord Wharton, * a violent 
Whig, took a prominent part in the revolution/ William HI made him Captain 
of the Band of Pensioners, and Chief Justice in Eyre south of Trent. ' By his 
extravagance great portion of his property had to be sold by decree of the Court of 
Chancery.' He died 27 Sept. 1693. 

' John Fell, for whom see n. 3, p. a 18. 

• See n. i, p. 337. 
' See n. 3, p. 336. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



339 



^BKre lo silt at Oxon', but wee fancy there's no good grounds for it. 

^^MrTiilly*(one of our Fellows) is come lo be chaplainto the Arch -Bp 
of York' in D' FeiJds * place who is lately dead. D'. Tenison' 
succeeds Bp Floyd' in y^ Vicarage of St Martins in the feilds'. 



He had been MiEter of Jes 



B ' The report as we slmil lee was correct. The new parliament met M Oxford 
|<ai March, 1680-1. 

' George, see n, I, p. aSo. 

' Richard Sterne, for whom see n. 
College, Cainbriilge. 

* Robert Fcild, mstricnlated Iroai Trinity College 31 March, 1653, B.A. 1656, 
M.A. 1669, B. andD.D. 1673, 'sab-deui of York, to which he bnd been colUtnl 
im the 3d of Sept. 1670, on ihe denth of D'. Anih. Elcocke, and on the jyth of 
Apr. 167s he was collated to ibe aichdcaeonry of Clicveland, on the death of John 
Neile D.D. who was also dean of Kippoo and prebendary of York. He died on 
the glh of Sept ifiSo, aged 41 years, and was bnried in the cathedral church of 
York, in thai chappel wherein his patron and benefaclot D' Rich. Sterne arclibishop 
of that place was afterwards buried. In his subdeanery succeeded George Tolly 
U JL of Qu. College in this uoivenily, and in his archdeaconiy John Lake D.D. of 
Cambr. aflerwards bish. of the isle of Man, ftc." (Wood, FaiH, ii. 336.) 

* Thomas Tenison, fellow of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, chaplain to 
Charlea II, rector of Bracoo Adi, Norfolk, and of Holywell, Hnnti 1661, succeeded 
William Lloyd as Rector of SL Martin's in the lields S Oct. 16S0, was archdeacon 
of London, 1689, and rector of St. JiaieB', Westminster, vacated St. Martin's on his 
promotion lo the liishopiic of Lincoln 1691, became archbishop of Canterbury 1694, 
■nd died H Dec. 1715. 'He hath pabiisbed several sermotis, and other loatteis of 
difinity, as also several things against popery in the reign of James II. which shew 
him to be a lesmDd man ; besides his book called The Creed of Ths. HiAba ef 
Ualmsiuty.' (Wood, /■'atii, ii. 179.) He was succeeded oi St. Martin's in the 
fields by William Lancaster. 

' The initial is an attempt to produce the effect of the Welsh pronunciation. 
Tbe prelate is William Lloyd, who matiicnlaled from Oriel College aj March, 
1639, aged II, was fellow of Jesns College, B.A. 1641, M.A, 1646, B. and D.D. 
1667. He was one of the seven bishops committed to the Tower by James II, 
and was made lord almoner by William III. He was bishop of St. Asaph 1680-91. 
of Coventry and Lichlicld 1691-1700, and of Worcester 1700, till he died 30 Aug, 
1717, aj^ 91. Wood {AlhtttK, iv. 716) give* him a good character. Heame on 
Ihe other band says ' He was a great Chronologcr Si a good Scholar, but of very 
bad Principles w'^ respect lo the Monarchy of EJigland ' ; and adds ' Had il pleased 
Cod 10 have taken him off before the Revolution (w"** be always mightily defended), 
it might have been of service to this poor Church St. Natioo.' (vi. S7.) 

' The parish of SL Martin's in the lields was originally taken out of that of 
St. Margaret's, Weslmlnster. Before 1786 St. Paul's, Covent Garden ; Si. Anoc'i, 
Soho ; St. James's, Piccadilly; and St. George's, Hanover Square, had been 
carred out of il. There seems to bave been a chapel on the site of Ihe present 
church bom very early times. Bishop Lloyd's church was built by Hcury VIII. 
and enlarged by Prince Henry, son of James I. In 1711 the old chnrch was laken 
down and replaced by the present building erected by Gibhs, the architea of the 
lUdcUSe Camera, «l a cost of utarly ;£6o,ooo. 



330 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

My service to yo>^ son William ^ ft Mr Kirby ' when yon see him. 

lam 

Sr 

Yo^ Son is in good health, I left Yo^ most obleiged Freind & 

him with Mr Nicholson ' in my humble Servant 

absence. I p^sume 3 or 4* by Tho: Dixon. 

Bumyatts ^ may discharge his 

Dues for the last Quarter. forward 3 

These 

To the WorPfull Daniel Fleming 

Esquire at Rydall-hall 

near Kendall 

in Westmoreland. 

To be sent by the Post to Preston & 

so to Lancaster Post pd to London 9^. 



cxcin. 

Rxv. Thomas Dixon to Daniel Flsxing (234a)> 

Oxofi Nov: 2$ (So). 

HoNOU^En S^: 
I writt to you by y^ Post, & acquainted you with our safe arriveall 
at Oxon before the receipt of yo>* by the Bearer Bumyatts * : by whom 
I also receiv*d 6^ besides the old quantum of 5* with which wee 
remember'd our good freinds in y^ North ^ I am sure I have sufficient 
reason not only to remember them, but to repeat the acknowledgemt 
of my great obliga£o]ls to them; & particularly to yo' self, who^ I find, 

' See n. a, p. ao^ 

' DizoD was not aware that John Kiikby, for vihom see n. 5, p. 4, had died at 
the end of September. (^. J^. 3313, 3315.) 
' Seen. 8, p. 338. 
* See n. 6, p. 365. 

' Among the accounts pinned together which make np X.P. ^407 A ia the 
following receipt : — 
Nov: 4 (80) 

Receiv*d then of Richard Bnmjatts the Some } 
five ponndet from the WoiffoU Daniel [ ^ 
Fleming Eiq^ for the nse of hia Son Henry. ) 
I say Rec^ by me 

Tho. Dixon. 
Rec^ also of him 30^, and 5* fora Token 



t s d 
o o 




THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



33» 



knows no bounds or iimilts to jC Tavouis : I must therefore put none 
• to my gratefuU resentments ', I have lille newes to send you, but that 
wee have lately elected j new Fellows, sc: Mr Tonstall ' & Mr Cock ', 
they are to be admitted on S' Thomas day, before wob time wee shall 
also elect some Tabilers. Mr Ward * has accepted lately of a College 
Parsonage, caJl'd Hampton Poylc", about 4 miles of Oxdn, worth 100' 
p, aiiu. At! his Seniors (being 5) refus'd it : his year of Grace is to 
extend til! S' Tho: day come a Twelvemonth. Mr Skelton ' is recover'd 
of his lale dangerous distemper, his Falron the Bp of Lincolne ' was to 
go up to y* Farliamt the begifiing of this week : It aeemes the Bp" were 
imanimouE as to the Dukes Bill ' : but I need not informe you in 
Publick Newes. I have sent yo' Sons Accounts since Lady Day last 
inclos'd herein *, & have spoke to him lo send you a Catalogue of )* 
fiookes I have p^ for". He continues civill " , carefull & studious. 



' Resentmeiit ceemi originally to tuve meant merely tn answering of tbe feelin£« 
Id tomctbing aReclmg Ihem tttODgly. Ogilvie t. v. quotes from Jeremy Taylor 
' II is n gieatei wonder that Bo many of them die with so little reieotment of their 
danger.' It tbence came to be aaed, ai here, for the feeliog towards the penon 
regarded as having produced the impreaion; 10 he quotes from Barrow 'That 
ihaaksgiving vberi-by we ihould eipiess an afTectionste resentmcDl of onr obligi- 
tioni lo him for the nimbeileu great benefits we receive from him.' 

' John Cock, bom at Kendall, enteteii Queen's College as Latter 10 May, 
inalricnlatsd 13 Moy, 167), aged :?; B.A. 4 July, 1677; M.A. 8 July, 1680, 
elected 'in panperctn puecam' 10 June, 1677. 'in soclim' 6 Nov., admitted 
ai Dec. :68o. ' He w»* a very good, popnlar Preacher, & supply'd the Cure at 
Newlinry for some time ; by w°'' means he got the living of Thatcham near 
Newhniy, where he now (9 No». 1706) lives with very good Reputation, di»chttrgin8 
T Doty of a faithfall Pastor.' (Heaiue, ed. Doblc, i. 304.) 

* William, tec n. 5, p. iiS. 

' Thi( was the first preimtnlioD to Hampton Foyle by the College, which 
acqnired the advowson by purchase of Wiltlam Monell, exMayor of tbe City of 
Oxford b 1G77 for j£ljo. 

' John, lee d. 3, p. 119, and n. t. p. llj. 

' Thomas Barlow, for whom see n. 4, p, 197. 

* The bill to eiclude the Dolte of Vork from the snceesiion lo lie Crown was 
pUKd by the Commons 11 Nov. 16S0, but rejected by the pccra 15 Nor. mainly 
through the influence of George Sarilc, Marqoess of Kalifiu. ' Wberenpon the 
Commons being inraged, desired the Protestant dissenters lo joyne with them 
against Popery. Hereupon all piesbyterians and phanaticks were armed. Bartow 
not cane to London ; Oxford withdrew hirotelf a Uttk Iwfore the Commons came 
op with a bill.' (Wood, Lift and Tima, ed. Ctaik, 11. £00.) AU the bishop* 
pment. (ouiteen in number, voted against the bill. (Lingaid.) 

* CXCIV WM inclosed in CXCIII. 

■• Dixon was not awaie that Henry had already KOt bit lather the list in CXC 
" S«« n. 3, p. »3. 



I 



332 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



Pray give the inclosed to his Brother ^, & accept of the service & 
respects of 

S' Yo' most obleiged Freind 
Tho: Dixon. 
These 

To the WorPfuU Daniel 
Fleming Esq^ att 
RydalUHall 
near Kendall 
m) Westmoreland 

p'sent. 



CXCIV. 

Henry Fleming's College Accounts, March i(58o to 

November 1680 (2407 a). 

Flemings Accounts since Lady Day (80) 



1 



£ s d 
Due to me according to the 

Accounts wc^ I sent on Apr: 6 (80) • 
Pd Barbers ace* 'till Mids: (80) . 
Pd for Shooes June 26 . 
Pd Tayler July 9 (80) .... 
Batles T. Pasch : sc: betw. Lady d: & Mid:* 
Tutorage & Studdy this Qu: . 
Bedmaker & Laundress 
Pd Mercer Aug; 2 (80) .... 
Pd for Glass Aug: 3 . . . . 
Pd Bookseller Aug: 5 (80) 

more Nov: 4 (80) .... 
Bades Long : Vac : Qu: 80 * . 
Tutorage & Studdy this Qu: . 

^ Probably William, for whom see n. a, p. 209. 

» See CLXXXII. p. 315. 

' The barber seems to have received as salary i^. (^ out of the 6x. 6d. charged 
in the earlier account for Barber, Bedmaker and Laundress. If their wages 
remained the same he would get ax. 6d, out of the *js, 6d, charged below under the 
same head. The balance of 3J. 6d, or ax. 6d, out of this 5J. may have been for 
goods suppUed, but the 51. seems to include the salary for this quarter. 

* See n. I, p. 314, 






5 








3 


6 





3 


6 




17 


4 





16 


8 





5 





I 











2 





I 


4 





I 


12 








17 


7 





16 


8 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 333 

Bedm: Laundress & Barber 076 

Pd Shoomaker Nov: 13 (80) o 11 o 

Due in all . .11 8 9 

Rec^ towards this of Bumyatts July 24 (80) * . . .600 

more Nov: 4 (80) ^ * 500 

In all « .11 00 
So due to me . .0 89 
Mr Dixon's Account 
for my son H. F. til 
Nov. 25. 80. 

CXCV. 
HsNRY Fleming to Daniel Fleming (2348). 

Oxo& NoTem. ao. 80 
ST 

Your letter with 15" I received^, and alsoe the cloth which my 

brother W™ ^ sent me for a suite with buttons silk &c, which will doe 

very well. I see by your letter that you received the catologue of my 

bookes which I sent *, and I doe not question but that Mr Dixon when 

he was down did satisfy you in the usefulness of them, and the price. 

Knowing very well that scholars here are very much cheated in buying 

any thing, unless they pay present mony, though their tutors be never 

so carefull ; I could desier you that you would be pleased (not that I 

want any for my own purse, but for your profit) hereafter to send 

me the mony, of which I hope I shall give you a good account ; 

except seven or eight pound a year to pay battels, studdy, and 

Tutorage ^. I also received some lining which my sister Alice ' sent, 

^ No letter of Dixon remains, acknowledging this remittance. He started for 
the north about this time and may have acknowledged it personally at RydaL 

* See n. 5, p. 330. 

* See n. 3, p. 315. This is the third of the same series of documents. 

* See below, n, i , p. 334. 

* See n. 3, p. 209. 

* See no. CXC, p. 321. 

'His battels were under a pound a quarter, and his Tutorage and Study i6x. &/. 
See CXCIV, p. 33a. As batler he would receive his commons from the College. 
See n. 2, p. 107. From Henry Brougham's accounts it would seem that this made 
a difference of from 5/. to 7/. a quarter. 

* Alice was D. F.*s third child and second daughter. She was christened 
10 Aug. 1658, and was now, as her mother had died in 1675, and her elder sister 
Catherine had been married 15 August, 1677 to Edward Wilson jr. of Dallam 
Tower, the lady at the head of D. F.*s household. 



334 3W£ FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

and I thought fitt to acquaint you that I payed him^ for the carraige 
of it, least yt you should pay him again. Soe hopeing that all is well 
with you, with my duty to your self and my love to my brothers and 
sisters I rest. 

For S^ Your dutyfuU son 

Daniel Fleming Esq'' Henry Flkmino. 

at Rydal-hall near 
Kendal 

These. 

^ i. e. probably Richard Bnmyeat, the carrier, who would have brought the parcel 
and the fifteen shilUngs mentioned at the beginning of the letter. 



SUPPLEMENT" 



John Sutton' to Eduukd Dudley* {104). 

It is recorded, in an Anlient Historian * (Worehip) That Artaxeraes, 
that great Kinge, of Persia. When, he had rewarded, a certaine 
Countrieman, with a great gifl. The same Countrieman, labouringe 
to requite his kindenes presented vnto him a greate Aple. Which, when 
he had receiued it, he instantly brake out, into these wordes ; This 
man (quoth he) doth seame, to me, to make, a great Cittic, of a litie 
Cittie ; Bar he did behold, and respect, more his, Inward minde, and 
good will, with which, it was presented, then the gift it selfe, that was 
giuen ; And soe not vnlilly, compared, his thankefull minde, to a great 
Cittie, &, the Aple, to a litle Citlie ; And that, which was, the Counlri- 

' In the Supplement 1 have inclndcd some docnmenti from the Rydal Papers, 
wbich, thoBgh Qol strictly elucidatiDg Ihe ilory of Ibe Flemingl in Oxford I have 
jtt thooght poiSBis wme academical or special interest. 

' John SatloD , entered Qaeen's Cnlleec u batler ia Michielmu Tenn, 1613, ujd 
mstticulated a 3 June, 1615, aged 16. He was admitted Dudley Eihlbiiioner of 
Oriel College on the preuntatioD of Edmuad Dadley, of Vanwortli, esq. la Oct. 
1615, and proceeded &.A. 10 Dec. 1617, The Eotiance Book says that be became 
K tabeidar, and ■ mortuns apnd mat in Clifto West. 1610.' As a native of Clifton 
he wonld have been ■ neighbour of Dudley's. Clifton being the la*l station on the 
London and North-Westcra Railway before the train Imishes past Vanworth into 
Fentilh station. 

' Edmaod Dndle)', was ion of Richard Dadley of Veanwith and Dorothy 
daughter of Edmond Sandford of Askhum, both in Westmocland. Yanwath had 
come to the Dndleys through Richard's father Thomns, wbo had married Grace 
ooe of the cobeiieises of the Threlkelds to whom it had fonoerly belonged. 
EdmuDd married Calheriae danghtcr and coheiress of Cnthbett Hutlon of Hutlon 
John. He was 50 years old and more al an inqui&itioa held 4 May, 1593, at 
Temple Sowerby on the death of hU father on the previous I January. He must 
have died soon alter the date of Sutton's letter, as Rotuan's which follows is 
«ddrcsied to his son Thomas. 

* Plutuch, Atlaunes, 4. In the original it is fiiar » pomegranate, malum 
Pnoicum: nor has Suiton qnite rightly tnutilated ofrrot i ir^p tal vdAur &>> it 
fwcpai rdxu *«i4^(i( tuyaJtii' murivtili. 



336 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

mans poUicie, must now be mine; fifor like as, for a great gift, he 
ofifered, only a gratefull mind ; soe must I. Indead of the Quantitie 
of Artaxerxes his gift, I am ignorant ; but for the qoalitie, & free 
giueinge, of it, I am sure, it Could not be more bountifully, & freely 
bestowed, then that which (your worshipp, did giue unto me; a 
stranger, and vnknowne to you. And therfore I may well say a 
Countrieman : And whereas he brought an Aple, I offer nothinge, but 
Animi grati tesseram \ as they call it, a token of a dutifull, & thanke- 
fiill minde, (for that is all which I am able) besechinge youre worshipp, 
to doe, as this kinge did, respect rather the gratefull minde, of the 
giuer of the gift, then the gifte it selfe ; or as you did shaw youre 
liberality in bestoweinge vpon me this place, soe likewise, entreatinge 
you, to shaw it, in receiueinge these few lines ; (for as the same writer 
rehearseth,) there is as well, a liberality in takeinge, as in giueinge ; 
And in that time, it was counted, noe, lesse vertuous, A noble to 
receiue willingely, & with a Chearefull countenance small & meane 
giftes, of a power and meaner frindes, then to giue the greatest that 
can be devised ; ffor this kinge, was not conmiended, because he gaue 
him a gift, but because he receiued the power mans Aple soe willingely; 
But for me thus to recognize in Multitude of wordes, is vnto your 
wisdome, I know but freuolous . . for I know that youre worship 
better, respecteth, the inward seruice intended of anie one, (whereof, 
I humbly beseech you, on my parte to stand assured.) then any out- 
warde behauiour, the validitie whereof, male many wayes, be doubted. 
Wherefore let it, I beseech you, stand with youre good fauour, that 
I may, by this my gratefull minde, contained in these few lines ; con- 
fesse my selfe, for these your benefitts, bound vnto you ; And for the 
residue thereof, when it shall seeme good, to your worshipp, to com- 
mand me, I will not haue life, or abilitie, that shall not be youres, in 
all that may please, you to vse me ; And If that, I shall vnderstand, 
that with these, few lines, your worship is pleased, & any parte, of my 
duty, discharged ; I will lett noe day passe, in which I will not labour, 
to become more thankfull ; I will yeld to noe labour soe that I may 
both please you, and also recompence you for your benefittes: And 
thus beseechinge you, to excuse, this my boldnes, & to pardon me, 
thus with these my absent letters to molest yon. And also, prayinge the 
Almightie, to bless you, with health, and Prosperitie A the redoublinge 

^ The occasion of Sutton's gratitude was probably his appointment by Dudley 
to one of the Dudley exhibitions at Oriel. He vacated it in 1617, probidily wheo 
he was made taberdar of Queen's, his successor having been elected 11 Oct. 1617. 
As to these exhibitions see n. a, p. 119. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 337 

of your dayes, And after these dajes to Crowne you with euerlastinge 
fielidtie, I humblely take my leaue. 

from my ftndie in Qaeenei 
CoUedge in Oxen: this la Deoemb.* 

Your worships euer loueinge 

and assured freind to 

his powre 

John Sutton. 
To the worshipful! 
his Especiall good 
freind Mr Dudley 
at his house in 
Eanweth • giue 
these I pray, 
fra OxeTi. 

2. 

Joseph Robson' to Thomas Dudley^ (102). 

Wo" Sir 
Your pietie so often extended to those that doe sympathise with 
me in the same defects, hath imboldned me to be a rude petidoner for 
the like benifit. others deserts may haue ft craue a p^^rogatiue aboue 
mine, their estate can neither desire nor deserve more pittie. I am 
the fittest object for your charitie, you know that, dolor est meminisse 
doloris. yet beggars are wont to lie open their greatest infirmities to 
gaine their greater co&iseration, but your knowledge can saue me this 
labour : you know the poore estate of my twise bewiddowed mother, 
she is left like a lambe, whose dame being dead can neither tell, how 
nor where, to seeke for sustenance. It were fitter that I should proue 
a stork, if I were able, then a young pellicane desirous to be fedd w^ 
my mothers bloud. She hath manie who both expect & must haue 
maintenance from her poore labours ; her expectation & hope is that 

• 

^ The year is probably 1615, in which he was elected to the Dndley Exhibition. 

* or Yanwath. The name seems to be spelt by every one as he pleases. 

* A Robson entered Queen's College in Easter Term, 161 5. A conjecture in the 
Entrance Book supplies his Christian name as Charles, but he was probably this 
Joseph, who matriculated 9 June, 1615, aged 19. He does not seem to have 
received either of the Dudley Exhibitions fiUed up by Dudley this year as one was 
filled ap in May by the appointment of Thomas Lough (for whom see n. 1 , p. 68) ; 
and the other (vacated by John Sutton) by the appointment of Richard Bradley. 
Joseph Robson does not seem to have taken a degree. 

* Thomas Dudley, son of Edmund, married at Askham 30 Jan. 1596, m Carlisle 
lady of the name of Middleton. The Oriel Register mistakes the name of the 
nominator in 161 7, as it gives both the nominatioDS in that year to Edmmid Dudley. 

Z 



339 THE FLEMINGS JN OXFORD 

I ihoold father prove a soccoarcr of bo" ft lien» dmi an ezacterfaom 
her ft ben» ft it is mj desire also. But penorie is a su^ip for such 
pcee<fiiigs: mj request dierlbre to joa is (Wo^ Sir) yt yoa noold 
exercise jour wonted pietie in gnmting me jonr letters for the exhibi- 
tiooers place at Qridl CoDe<%e w«^ is now roijAK this win be a 
meanes to extenuate mj peniirie ft aggnmate joor diaritie. Thus 
jon shall lie vp treasure for jour selfe in the trcasurdioase of or great 
gody where everie least benefit wflbe rewarded a thousand for one ; my 
prajers shall still be elevated to god for his merde to jou and yours, 
doubt not: it is pmised, he that sheweth m^de shall hane merde, ft 
the prayers of the fiuthfoU will availe much. 
Qoccns CoUedge Your humble (»ator 

?i^J>lk* expecting (diough not deserving) 

1617 your pietie 

To the mcf^ his verie loving Joseph Robson 

freind Mr Thomas Dudley 
at Yenwoth ' neare penrith 
in Cumberland tlus deliver 
I pray you with speed 
speede 

8. 

LXTTXRS AS TO lUUUAGX WITH A DICXASXD WITX's COUSIN GERMAN* 

("3). 

Opimons concerning 

ye marrying of a 
cosin germaine * 
M' Burton* I pray you, Lett me entreatt yC opinion, whether one 

^ This is probably the earlier of the two vacancies in 161 7, that caused by the 
resignation of Robert Teesdale. 

' Another way of spelling Yanwath. 

' This docaroent seems to have come into D. F.*s hands with m good number of 
other Dudley papers from Yanwath at the death of Mrs. Agnes Dudley in i67i. 
It was perhaps the interest excited by it which induced D. F. later to buy two 
books now to be found in the library at Rydal Hall, (i) A Letter of Resolution 
to a Friend, Concerning the Marriage of Cousin Germans. By John Turner, late 
Fellow of Christt'ColUdge in Cambridge. . . . London, Printed by ff, ff, for 
Walter Kettilby, at the Bishops Head in St. Pauls Church-Yard. 1682. (ii) A 
Resolution of three Matrimonial Cases ; I. Whether it be Lawful for a Man to 
Marry his deceased Wife*s Sister's Daughter? IL Whether the half-blood make 
Kindred? IIL Whether such a Marriage being made, it ought to be dissolv'd or 
no ? By John Turner, late Fellow of Christ s-Colledge in Cambridge. . . . London, 
Printed by H. Hills Jun. for Walter Kettilby at the Bishofs Head in St PauU 
Church Yard. 1684. 

* These three lines are an endorsement in D. F.*s handwriting. 

* This was probably Thomas Burton, who entered Quee&'t College Lent Tenn. 




THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



339 

iat hath been married, his wyfe toeing dead, may by ihe divine Lawe, 
\ a cosenc garmine of his former wyves, he himselfe being 
nothing of kinne to eyther of them. 1 rest 
i3'» otfnbr: Yo' Loving freind 

i6'9 John Dudley'. 

To my verie 
Loving friend M' 
funon. 






\ This maryage is not expressly forbidden in the Lcvii Lewe And 
in case she were his owne cosen german in consanguinite yet ther is 
no express prohibitione of that mariage in that degree though more 
remote mariages be forbidden. 

But beinge bul a cosen german in affinitei, I holde there is nothinge 
in the Lawe Jyvyne that doth disalewe such mariage '. 

In this case I am of the same opinione that M' Burton hath sett 

iwne. 

Chbis Walker ', 

The lawes concerning marriage sett downe in Lev. i8. are not 
iviticall, but a branch of the lawe of nature and therfore belonge to 
vs as well as to the Israliles. Now it is plane that in the right line 
comixtion is forbidden amongst all both above and downwards as 
^her daughter grandchild great grandchild etc. 

If9)-3, having ins.tricii1ale<3 November lo, if^i, if the Matricnlntion Ri^gislcr is 
iMt at fault, aged 17, He was a native of Camberluid, vat admitted SaiQt 
Anton; Exhibitioner of Oriel 16 Jiuie, 1595, on the nominatioa of EjJniund 
Dndley, esq. He was one of nine elected ' panperes pneri' of Quceo'j CoUeee 
ao Dec. 1595 and one of thiee admitted Ihe >ame day. He wai sdmilled 'in 
pcrpetuom scholarem" (fellow) with 6 others 1 Mar. 16OJ-3. He proceeded B.A, 

14 Apr. 1599, M.A. 30 June, 1601. He was ihcsanrarini 1606-7 and continoed 
6Uotr till 1608. 

' John Dudley, son of Edmund, and 10 younger brother oFThoniu, matriculated 
&om Queen's College, as generosi filias 17 Feb. 15S6-7, aged 14. He wai 
admitted Dudley Exbihitioaer of Oriel Collide 3 March, 1586-7, 00 the pmenla- 
tioo of Richard Dudley, esq., hii grandfathei. He wa* 'cteclnt in pBapeiem 
poenim ' 30 June, 1 591, and ' adoiisttu ' 30 July, and ' libere iponteque sui laam 
locam rerignanit' i Feb. 1J93-4- He had resigned hit Dudley Exhibition before 
19 June, 1591. He proceeded B. A. 3 July, 1591, was admitted student of Gray's Inn 

15 Apr. 1594, and was called to the bar 1601, becoming M.P. for Carlisle the Some 
year. He married (Nicolson and Bum, i. 413) 'the bastard dangbtcr of Sir 
Christopher PicberiDg,' who survived him and married again, lo the lofonnation 
be is seeking is pethaps for a client, or to seUte some \cgo\ dispute. 

* Down to here is apparently in Button's handwriting. The two line* which 
follow arc In the same handwriting as the tignatntt, and express Walker's opinion. 

* See Additional Notes. 
X 3 



340 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

In Collateralls the first and second degrees are forbidden in the 
Vnaequall line as for example a brother may not marrie his sister the 
nephewe may not marrie his aunt nor the vncle his neece etc. ' 

But if they be in the second degree in the equall line such as the 
case cosin germanes they are not prohibited to marrie as is plane in 
the text neither is ther any place in the scriptures phibitinge such 
marriages, although for my part I hold them not so convenient yet 
for the lawfulnesse of them it may suffice first that ther is noe 
prohibition in the book of god, secondly they are warranted by an 
example, the daughters of Zelophehad were married to ther fathers 
brothers sonnes see Numb: 36 ii. Now if cosin germanes be not 
phibited it will followe a fortiori that a man may marrie successively 
two cosin-germanes he himselfe beinge in noe degree of consanguinitie 
to either of them. 

Lan: Dawss^ 

4. 

Thomas Tuluk* to Thomas Dudley* (15a). 

Omatissimo multisque nominibus mihi colendissimo viro Domino 
• Dudleio armigero atque eirenarchse dignissimo 

In votis habeo (vir ornatissime) banc aliquid ad stomachum tuum 
facturam. Essem sane maligna^ conditionis si serenum in me frontem 

^ Lancelot Dawet, was bora at Barton Kirk, Westmorland, entered Queen's 
College Michaelmas Term, 1597. and roatricnlated the same term, aged 17. He 
was elected taberdar 17 Nov. 1601, admitted 29 June, i6oa, and fellow 13 Dec. 
1605. He proceeded B.A. 30 June, i6oa ; M.A. 6 June, 1605. He was made 
D.D. of St. Andrew's about 1618. He held his fellowship till the autumn of 
1608, when he was presented to the vicarage of Barton. He was made rector 
of Asby 1 618, and prebendary of Carlisle 1619, and held all three preferments till 
his death in February 1653-4. He is buried under the communion table in Barton 
Church. Besides his epitaph there were three copies of verses by Thomas Tnlly 
(n. a, p. a 85), Joseph Williamson (n. 3, p. 139) and Clement Ellis 'fairly 
transcribed and fastned to the wall* over his grave. His life is in Athena^ lit 
349, and in Z>. N, B, A sennon by him ' God*s Mercies and Jerusalem's Miseries* 
preached at St. Paul's Cross, a 5 June, 1609, and dedicated to Henry Robinson, 
Bishop of Carlisle, is in Queen's College Library. His son, of the same name, 
entered Queen's College as batler Mich. Term, and matriculated 17 Oct. 16349 
aged 15. He proceeded B.A. a6 June, 1638 ; M.A. a 7 May, 1641, married Mary 
daughter of William Whelpdale of Penrith, died 9 May, 1655, aged 35, and is 
also buried in Barton Church. There is in the library at Rydal Hall Sermons 
Preached upon Severall Occasions, By Lancelot Dawes, D.D. Now Minister of 
Barton in Westmorland, and sometimes fellow of Queens Colledge in Oxford. . . . 
London. Printed for Humphrey Robinson, at the three Pigeons in St Panls 
Church-yard, MDCUX. 

« See n. a, p. 385. ' See n. 4, p. 337. 




THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



341 



Ijuotidie perspiciens tuam non aliquandsper saltern operam navaTe. 
qaa graiulaniis animi specimen testificarem : Ingrarus est enim qui 
bene rnerenii gratiam non repotiit. Ingralissimus ipse forcm, si non 
aliquatenus amorem in me tuum rem un era rem. Haec cquidem est 
sera gratuklio, sed tamen vera ac (uti spero) libi non iniacunda : et 
talis qualis reprehendi non solet, vt eloculus est Cicero ', prsesertim si 
nulla negligentia prastermissa sit. Ego autem pro lua incredibili in me 
benevolentia ; hanc vt gratiludinis tesseram libi mitto. si modo liia 
dignetur amplitudo has lineas patienter perlegere, operam dabo in spe 
etiam meum erga te ignem baud paticis exponere verbis, licet enim 
meam singulaiem et llagrantem non aliter quam verbis et impohtis 
qinbusdam lineis exhtbere queam gralitudinem : vires tamen omnes 
(domine dignissime, literatorum antistes oplime) suffundam. quum 
tamen nihil est adeo elimatum et alticum quod non interdum vnguibus 
et grapbijs expiingalur severissimis lectorum : ego has in composite 
compositas vel consutas polius quam fabre facias ordine ad flagran- 
tissimum in te amorem cxhibendQ qua poiui exaravi. Perlege: 
Perlege quseso vultu minime supereiJioso, haic quam minima bene- 
volentis animi indicia : minima si donum ipsum, maxima si donanlis 
uiimum respicias. non a me proletario ei semidocto homuncione opus 
aliquod exactum aut atlicismo plenum expectes ; debeo scilicet tibi 
dona maxima pro inenarrabili in me favore !uo; qtiem non magis 
eiprimere, quam guilulas oceani enumerare valeo materia vires 
exuperante meas. Si hacteniis negligeniix reus arguar in posterum 
non nisi nimise DiJigentite redarguar. dum spirilus hoa reget artus ; 
tibi quoad possira gratificari studebo, et ne elSuxerit vel momentum 
temporis in quo me tui capiet obliuio. Arripe igitur obnixe efflagito hoc 
epistolium squo animo tauquam signum pergratissimx voluntatis. 
Ego semper exoptabo vt voio ivo forluna respondeat i Gravabo te 
non magna sarcina : semel atque iterura favorem tuum rogans. Vale. 

qnlnto Cal: Jolii Tui cupienlissimus amoris 

Ano millesimo ,r. i- _ 

KXCCBtetima Iri- ThoMAS Tl'LLIB, 

guino Mcimdo. 

5. 
R£V. Gbrakd Langbaine* to Chmstofhek DLmixv' (170). 



The distance betwixt us is so great & my discontinuance from 
you 80 long as might serve lo efface all the prints of our former 

' BpiJf, ad famUiarii IT. vii, inb Inll. ' See n, 4. p. »68. 

* Chriuopher Dudley, the lut of liia race, wu the second aon of Tbomis, but 
becune hit heii by the death vita ftUris of Gdmaod who wu bom 5 Nov. if97- 



342 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

acquaintance but that jou know it is not so modi in our power to 
forget as to be silent God & nature gave you at first so much of the 
vantage ground over me, that I was never jet knowne to yoo, bat as 
a beneficiary of yours or (if you will) an inferiour favorite A in that 
quality I am proud to flatter myself that I still stand with you, which 
I account a sufficient argument of your love to me, & engagement 
upon my part to honour you. this has embolden'd me to interrupt 
my owne silence & your ease by this paper which is no better then 
a petition that you wold doe me a favour & your self an honour in 
sending (or procureing to be sent) unto me the blazon of D' Dudley's* 
coat of armes, which I presume is the same with your owne, & (it 
may be) both the same with the late Earle of Leicester Ambrose 
Dudley '. if so I could have spared my self and you this trouble, but 
I was loath to indulge too much to my owne opinion. The reason of 

He was bora 17 Dec. 1607, and married firstly, Elizabeth, daughter of Ricfaaxd 
Snowdoo, bishop of Carlisle, and secondly, Agnes, eldest danghter of Daniel 
Fleming of Skirwitb, and pateraal annt of D. F. His second wife bore him a 
danghter Mary, who died yonng, and he sold Yanwath to Sir John Lowther of 
Lowther la Feb. 1654. Sir John granted him a lease of Yanwath for his life, 
and after his death in London 9 Sept. 1660, his widow continued to live at Yan- 
wath till she died 5 Oct. 1671. On her death the £unily papers came to D. F. 
and form, speaking generally, the oldest part of the R3rdal papers. 

' Richard Dudley, the founder of the Dudley Exhibitions at Oriel, was junior 
proctor of the University in 1503, and supplicated for the degree of D.D. 1508. 
He was principal of St. Mary Hall 1502-^, prebendary of Consumpta per oiare in 
St. PauVs cathedral 1505, prebendary of York 1508, and of Lincoln 1508, in all 
three cases till his deaUi 1536. Kennet in his notes to Wood's /or/f', i. 11 says he 
was ordained sub-deacon by John Maio bp. of Coventry and Lichfield 34 SepL 
150 a by letters dimissory from the bp. of London, and that he was made prebendary 
of Fytlework in the cathedral of Chichester 16 July, 1507. Wood (loc dt) says 
he was chancellor of the church of Salisbury, but Le Neve neither names him nor 
leaves room for his insertion in that office. The cause of the error seems to lie in 
the circumstance that in the original agreement, dated 16 Dec 32 H. 8 (1530), for 
founding two fellowships he is called Chaunter, L e. Precentor of Salisbury. In 
Le Neve, 'Richard Audeley or Dudley was collated' Precentor of Salisbury 
26 July, 1507. His relationship to the Yanwath family is not made out by 
Mr. Jackson {Papers and Pedigrees ^ ii. 150) in his pedigree of the Sutton-Dudleys 
of Yanwath, unless he is the Richard, A Priest, who died before 1554 who is son 
of Edmund Sutton, by Matilda, daughter of Thomas, eighth Baron Clifford, in 
which case he would be uncle to the Richard Dudley who married Dorothy 
Sandford, and was father of Edmund, grandfather of Thomas, and great-grand- 
father of Christopher, who successively nominated to the exhibitions he founded. 
That this was the case is made dear by the pedigrees in the possession of Orid 
College. 

' Ambrose Dudley was Earl of Warwick, not of Leicester. Though he outlived 
his brother the Earl of Leicester, Queen Elizabeth's favourite, he did not succeed 
him ; though Leicester had he outlived him would have succeeded under a special 




EMINCS IN OXFOKU 343 

l>faiy request is this ; Oriel College is of late much enlarged with a hire 
' stately new building now almost finished, much of it at the charges all 
at the sollicitalioD of your cozen and countreyman D' Tolson provost '. 
It is a purpose of his & the Colledge to adorne the gates, Hall & other 
eminent places* in the Colledge with the Arraes (cutt in stone) of their 
principall Benefactors, in which number they doe gratefully acknow- 
ledge your predecessour D'' Dudley for one & therfore spoke to me 
to procure this favour from you, which I doubt not but you will freely 
afford, beeing a thing that tends to the honour of your family. 

lemaindci ni Eul of Wamick. Ambrose wu thiid soa of John, Dnkc of 
Northnmberland, lappotted lady J«ne Grey, uid was accordingly convicted of 
high treasoo but pBtdoned. He dutingnistied himself at the battle of St. Qaentia, 
wai created 1561 Baron Liale and EUrl of Wurvrick, K.G. 1563, was a com- 
miuioner for the trial of Mary, Qaeen of Scots, isS6, was thrice married bnt Icll 
no ofTipring, died ji Feb. 1589-90, aged abont 62, from the amputation of bis 
leg oeccsEilated by wonnds received 36 years before. He was a Puiitan aad was 
known u 'The good Loid Warwick.' His arms had twenty-one qtiartcriiigs. 
Tbe SntloD-Dndley ibield wts Or, a lion ranipant, queue-foarchee, verl, armed and 
Ungiied gules; Ambrose had a ccescenl of the last for difference. His father had 
beec created Earl of Warwick 1547, and hja eldest brother had been called Co 
Parliament as Earl o( Warwick, 1551, but the title was not held by any one from 
■554 to is5l- His nearest common ancestor with Christopher Dudley wa* Jolm 
de Sntton, lifth Baron Dudley, who died 143;. (Sec G. E. C.'s Peerage, vol. 
iU. pp. 180 jqq,) 

> John Totson matticnkted from Oriel College 30 Jan. 15B9-90, aged 14, 
pro<xeded B.A. 1593, M.A. 1599, B.D. i6ti. D.D. ifiaa, was junior proctor of 
tbe University 1607, ptovoat of Oriel i6a:-44, vice-chancellor from Feb. to Nov. 
1643. His predecessor, provost Lewis, had begun the reconstruction of the 
CoUege boil dings ; and Bleacow, Lewis's predecessor, had bequeathed 1300/. for the 
work. ■ The south part and most of the west ude were ' first ' pulled down, and 
that fabrick, now standing in their place, which rcacbeth from the west end of the 
chapel to the place called Oriel College corner, and (hence to the boildlngs on the 
north side of the common gate was creeled.' Under Tolson, ' the north and east 
lides were pulled down an. 1637, and within three or four yean after, the cost, 
north, and part of the west sides were built answerable to the former, making the 
quadrangle then fai bi^er than the old, and the neatest and most uniform as any 
in Oion.' (Wood's History and AntiquUta, ed. Golcb, p. iso.j The provost and 
fellows each gave 50/. and Tolson afterwards bequeathed ti£o/., besides moneys 
for the use of the Provost's lodgings, and books lo the library, (ib.) Large sums 
of money were raited by contributions from present and former memben, and 
from great people connected with Oriel. See Dr. Shadwelt's Oriel College in 
Clark's CatUgei af OiforJ, p. 43. He was great-uncle of Richard, for whom see 
0.6, p. 118. 

' The ' Annes (cntt in slonel ' arc over the entrances to the staircases, kitchen, 
o the hack quadrangle and have been lately (1903) restored. Dudley's 



3 Ihe door of Btaircasc No. : 



n the south wall, south -eaS 



[ oomer. It ii the Sutton-Dudley ihietd without the cresccDt or other mark of 




THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

D» Dawes' or my brother' will find a way to transmitt what you shall | 
think fitt to rettime in this kind ; the work is ready for it * all will 
be compleetly finished before Christmas. Your Cozen ' D' Tolson 
remembers his love to you, but has bin sometimes complaining to me 
of the harsh style of some of your letters for your Eihibitioner^ which 
he thought was too dictatorious and comanding. he did honestly 
professe that as he knew your right to be good eo he did wish yoa 
might long enjoy it & for his part, for the love which he bears lo you 
his cozen & those his countreymen upon whom you are pleased 
usually to conferre those places, he does not intend to doe anything 
which may redound to the least prejudice of either; but is affrayd 
withall that other men & at other times will not stand to putt you to 
some trouble especially if they be any way irritated by harsher terms. 
You may read in this my boldnesse how confident I am of your good 
opinion of my syncerity 4 devotion to your good. I could dwell 
longer upon some discourse with you, but when I look back upon 
what I have writl already, 1 cannot but blu^ to see that 1 have no 
more room left to tell you that I am 

Yours to love & 

honour you Gerard 

Lancbaine. 

To the Worp" his much 

honoured friend Christopher 

Dudley Esquier at his 

house at Yanewath ' 

in Westm'land 

these. 

6. 

Rxv. Gesard Langbaine to Chsistofher Dudley (i}a). 



B Seplem; 1 6* 



I perceive by a letter from my brother that you answerd thai of 
mine wherein I writt to you concerning your coate of armes in behalf 
of Oriall Colledge, & withall that you had specifyed in y's some book 
which you had a desire to. But it was never yet my happinesse 10 
sec that letter of yours, & iherfore I desire you to hold me eseused 
in that I doe not answer it as you might expect. To prevent all 

'Seen. I. p. 340. 

' See below 10, p. 357. 

' Sec AddilioosJ Nolei. 

' Another way of tpetling YaniTBEh, lee d. ], p. 337. 




r 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

misconstrue lion which might justly attend my conceived neglect of 
you, I hold it a part of duty to signify my mishap in the miscarryagc 
of jour letter, because I wold bee as farre from suspicion of a fault as 
from the guilt of it. For matter of books I shall be glad to be y' 
factor in that kind of marchandise so farre as you please to acquaint 
me with y' desires : & willing as occasion serves & my abilityes wilt 
permiit to testify some part of gratitude for your many favours lo 
my self and my brother, in furnishing you with such books as you 
desire, expecting no other pay but your kind acceptance. For the 
present I send you one of small bulk but great consequence (as the 
times are) It is his lAa^y* declaration of all that has pass'd betwixt 
himself & his quondam Subjects of Scotland since the pacification at 
the Campe '. Three of the Scotch Comissioners viz. the Earle of 
Dumfermlin ', S' Will; Douglas ', & Mr Berkly ', are of late confin'd : 
the reason of their restraint is sayd to be because the Covenanters in 
Scotland have imprison'd the Earle of Southesk' for adbereing to the 



' Geaerallf called the pacilicstion of Befwiclt. The omp wu at ' the Birki, 
■ piece of giouad on Tweediiile. dbout three miles above (i.e. on the itnith-weit 
fide of) the town.' Here od i8 June, idjg, ' the 5cots engaged lo disband their 
troops, lo hieak up the Tables and all unlawfol comniitleej, and lo reilore the 
lojral castles to the King's Officers. In return Charles engaged to send back his 
■oldiera lo their homes, and to isene a declaration in which he woi to asanre his 
(Objecu that, thongh he conld not nlify the acts of the pretended Assembly of 
Glasgow, he was pleased that all ecclesiastical matters shonld be determined bjr 
Assemblies, and all dvit matters by Pailismcnis and other legal judicatories.' 
(Gardiner's Fall of ike Monarchy, vol. ii, chap, v, pp. 114, 141.) 

' Charles Seton, second Earl of Dumfermlinc or Dunfermline, subsequently took 
an active part oe the side of the king, was High Commiaeioner to the general 
uiembly of the church of Scotland 1641, was with the king at Newcastle 1G46 ; 
and St the restoration was made privy councillor, eitroordinory !ord of session and 
privy seal for Scotland; he died alraul 167J. He was at this lime one of the 
Commissioners appointed by the Scotch to represent their interests in London, 

' Sir William Donglna, of Cavers, sheriff of Teviotdale. He was one of the 
Court of High Commission estsblisfacd In Scotland, Oct. 1634. (Baillie's Lttttrs, 
i. 435-) That he was at this time one of the Scotch Commissioners appears also 
from Baillie (i. 169, 397). Baillie thought him 'too much indyning the Court 
way.' (lb. 314.) 

* Probably Robert Barclay, Provost of Irvine. He was amcmber of the General 
Assembly at Glasgow in 1638. (Baillie'i /.e/rtrr.i. 104, 13;.) He was in London 
on Scotch business as U:e as 1646. 

' David Carnegie, b. 1575, accompanied Anne, queen of James I, into England 
on hia accession, was knighted 1603, was an active supporter of the king's 
ecclesiastical policy, created 1616 Lord Carnegie of Kinnoird and 1633 Ear] of 
Southelk. In 1G54 he woi lined 3000/. tmder Cromwell's act of grace, and died 
1658. He, Sir Lewis Gordon, and other noted Royalists were seiicd and im- 
ptisoned by the Scotch in March, 1640. 



I 



346 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

King. For the fourth of the Comissioners, the Lord Lowdcm^, he is 
now & has bin this moneth close prisoner in the Tower ; the cause of 
that was not comonly knowne till the opening of the paiiiament 
Apill 13th. where the King made a short speech dedareing the 
reasons of his calling the parliament, which were further enlarged bj 
the Lord Keeper *, the Speaker ' & the letter produced & read whkh 
the Scottish Lords writt to the French king, a copj whereof you have 
page 58 of this declaration. To which you find amongst the rest 
subscribed, Lowdon. His answers upon examination by the Kings 
Secretaryes * & Attumey ' are reported to have bin diverse. L That 

^ Sir John Campbell of Lawers, b. 1598, m. before i6ao Maxgaret eldest daughter 
and coheir of George, Master of Loudoun, who by the death of her grandf^her in 
1622 became in her own right Baroness Campbell of Loudoun. He was created 
1633 £^1 of Loudoun, but as he immediately took part against the crown the patent 
was superseded till 1641 when it was allowed to pass. Clarendon calk him ' the 
principal manager of the rebellion.' He took a prominent part with the Co^enanten, 
was one of their commissioners at Berwick, and was at this time serving in the 
same capacity at WhitehsJl, as he did again later in the year at Berwick. In 1641 
he was made Lord Chancellor of Scotland with a pension of looo/. a year. He 
was frequently sent to treat with the king on behalf of the Scots. He joined the 
Royalists in 1653, surrendered to Monk, and was excepted out of the Act of 
Indemnity. At the Restoration he was deprived of the chancellorship and fined 
12,000/. Scots. He died 15 March, 1662-3. He was * committed to the custody 
of one of the sheriffs ' April, 1640, as one of the signatories of the letter to the 
King of France. The letter is in Rushwoith, iii. 1037. ' "^^ other commisdoneis 
shared his fate though they had nothing to do with the letter.' (Gardiner, Fall cf 
the Monarchy y vol. ii, chap, vii, p. 307.) 

' John Finch, son of Sir Henry Finch, seijeant-at4aw, b. 17 Sept. 1584, M.P. ' 
for Canterbury 1614, 1625-9, Recorder of Canterbury 1617-20, knighted 1625, 
K.C., Attorney-General to the Queen 1628, Speaker of the House of Commons 
1628-9, held in his chair 25 Feb. 1628-9, when the house was ordered to adjourn, 
Chief Justice of common pleas 1634-9, l^ccper of the Great Seal and Baron Finch 
of Fordwich 1640; fled from England to the Hague 1641, died j./.J9t. 20 Nov. 
1660, when the peerage became extinct 

' Sir John Glanville (1586-1661), son of the judge of common pleas of the same 
name, M.P. for Plymouth 1624 till 1640, and for Bristol in 1640, recorder of 
Plymouth 1614, of Bristol i637,elected Speaker 15 April, 1640. He afterwards joined 
the king's side, was knighted 1 641, went to Oxford with the king and was made D.C.L. 

1643, imprisoned in the Tower 1645-8, died a Oct 166 1. His life is in D.N,B, 
* The ' Secretaryes ' at this time were Sir Francis Windebank, who had been 

secretary of state since 1632, and Sir Henry Vane the elder, who had recently 
been made secretary by the influence of the Marquis of Hamilton. Both their lives 
are in D.N.B, 

^ The < Attumey * was Sir John Bankes, who had been attorney-general since 
1634, and was in 1641 made chief justice of common pleas. He was of Queen's 
College, Oxford, where he entered as batler, in Lent Term 1604-5, matriculating 
33 Feb. He was bom at Keswick in Cumberland and died at Oxfoxd a8 Dec 

1644, having been cztated D.C.L. 31 Jan. 1642-3. 




THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 347 

TKis true he sett his hand to the letter, but did not know the contents, 
a regard the originall was French, which he pretended not lo under- 
This answer was found very insuiBcient, both in prtidence in 
ise he had bin ignorant ; & in truth, proved that he was not so, 
1 France for some years. His next subterfuge 
was that where it is objected they doe in that letter implore the 
assistance of a forraine prince, that by the word assistatice they meant 
not any aide of men or munition, but only his friendly assislanct by 
way of mediation to his Ma^r in their behalf. His third (which he 
now stands upon) is that this letter was writt & subscribed to before 
the pacification at Berwick, where they obtained a generall pardon of 
his Ma*?, & iherfore whatever construction be now made of it, they 
we not tyable' considering the pardon precedent, justly chargeable 
■with it. How this letter was iniercepted it is not particularly knowne 
to us here ; only that Sr Henry Vane ' was a principall instrument in 
it. One Colvill' is in hold too, but whether this Colvill be the same 
man mention'd in the letters of credence is not yet certaine. The 
Lord Leivetenant of Ireland' after his good service done there in the 
parliament for llie King return'd into England, but was arrested by 
Eicknesse in his journey, 8c. forced to stay at North- Hampton '. On 
thursday last* was some clashing in the Parliament. In the higher 
house my L. of Canterbury ' moved, that in regard of the opening of 
the Convocation the next ", where the Bp* were to be present, tlie house 
wold be pleased, according to custome, to adjourn the Session till 
Satterday. To which the Lord Say* replyed, he saw no reason why 

a have beeo 






I I The word 'ly»ble' which is interlineit 

I ronghlj obliicraled. 

L ' This ii Sir Henry Vine the elder, origioaily Fane (1589-165;), matiicuUted 

I BtBScooM College 15 June, 1604, aged 15, knighted 1615, H.P. Lostwitbiel 1(114, 
Carliile i6ji, 1614. Tbetlbrd i6j8, (01 Wilton in the Short and in the Long 
Pl.tli*ment 1640-53, for KeoL 1654. He waa now leciEUrr of taxe. He 
■ppioved of the impcachxnetil of StiaRord, it is mid on private groundb, and trails- 
fened hjnucir from the side of the king to that of the parliameDt. He wu father 
of the jODDger Sii Hetiiy Vane (1613-6]]. Their liiei ania D.m. B. 

' William Colvill or Colville, menlioned ia the letlei to the king of FraDC«,wu 
taken priEoner. He was a Scotch divine aod at this lime mloiiter in Edinbnigh \ 
he wai aftcnvardi piincipal of Ediaburgb Uoiveisitf 1651-3, and 1661-75. Hit 
Ufe U in £>. iV. £ . 

' Thomas Wentwoiih, (he lirst and great Eiil of Stnfford (1591-1 641). 

* It appeait (rom Gardiner {fall ef tki Afenarthy, i. cb. vii, p. 310) that it was 
gout from which Strafford wii suffering. 

* iG April, 1G40. ' William Laud. * i. e. day. 

* William FieoDes (15S1-166)), eighth liaton, cieated 1614 liril Viuatont of 
Saje and Sclc, a piomiiiciit tncmber of the opposition both ondei Jame* I and 



348 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

they should not goe on notwithstanding the Bp«, for (for ought he 
knew) there was no necessity at all of their presence in Parliament. 
The Lord Keeper^ ended the difference, moveing that it might either 
be adjoum'd till Satterday, or that they wold substitute another 
Speaker, for himself by reason of his weaknesse & indisposition of 
body should not be able to attend on friday. upon tlus die Lords all 
voted for the adjournment ; & (tis sayd) the Lord Say or L. Brook * 
his great imitator required the Clerk to write the Act in these terms 
That the Session was adjourned not for the L. of Canterburyes sake 
but for the L. Keepers. Wee heare my L. of Dorsett ' since ask'd my 
L. of Canten what might be the reason why the L. Say was alwayes 
so averse from him: & that his answer was he knew no particular 
reason, onely it might be his jealousy of him in generall as a man 
whose maine aimes drove at the Churches good, & that the most part 
of my L. Sayes estate (200 ^ p fii : excepted) consisted in Churdi 
means ^ & those annex'd to his tempbrak by such means as (he had 
heard) were scarse justifyable by the lawes of the Land. In the lower 
house of. Pari: besides Speeches of the Secretaryes * in behalf of the 
King for a suddaine supply of moneyes, wee heare of three remark- 
able : one by Mr Grimston *, sonne in Law to Judge Crook, who sayd 

Charles I, a zealons PnritaD, the only adherent, according to O. E. C. (Peert^^ viL 
67), of that party in the Upper House ; of New College, where his family had rights 
as Founder's kin. His nickname was * Old Subtlety.* His life b in /?. N. B, 

^ Lord Finch of Fordwich, for whom see n. a, p. 346. 

' Robert Greville (1607-43), second Baron Brooke of Beauchamps Court, early 
imbibed republican notions, and with Viscount Saye and Sele refused to profess his 
loyalty to the king as required by the Council at York 1639. He was present as 
a colonel of a regiment of foot at the battle of Edgehdl, and was killed at 
Lichfield, while directing the siege of St. Chad*s church. His life is in Z>. A^ B, 

' Edward Sackville (1590-1652), fourth Earl of Dorset, matriculated from Christ 
Church 1605, killed Lord Bruce of Kinloss in a duel 1613, K.B. 1616, K.G. 1625, 
chamberlain to the Queen Consort 1628, one of the peers in attendance on the 
King at Oxford. His Ufe is in /?. A^. ^. 

* Laud was probably in error, as Broughton was nerer church property, and 
most of Lord Saye and Sele*s acquisitions were in the American colonies. 

^ Windebank and Vane, see n. 4, p. 346. 

* Harbottle Grimston (1603-85), younger son of the first baronet, of Emmaniid 
College, Cambridge, and of Lincoln*s Inn, Barrister-at-law, M.P. for Hanrlch 
i6a8, Colchester 1640-8 till excluded by Pride's Purge, for EsseK 1656-^, for 
Colchester 1660-81, at first took part against the king, but aAerwuds cip o iwrf 
his side, succeeded to the baronetcy 1648, Speaker of the Home of Cnmmutm la 
the Convention Parliament 1660, m. firstly 1629 Mary, dang^iler of Sir 'GiOl|t 
Croke, of Waterstock, Oxon, Justice of the Common PlcM l6t|^ 
King*s Bench 1628-40, secondly Anne, widow of Sir ThooM Ifir 
of the great Lord Bacon, and lived from 165s at 
D.N.B. See also Gardiner's /ii//e^M#Af«Mm|r,t«b 





TLEMINGS IN OXFORD 349 

e Judges that deliverd their opinions Tor Ship-tnoney spoke against 
son, against law, & against their owne consciences. Anolliet by 
S» Francis Seymor', brother to the Earle of Hartford, who, in answer 
to such as had spoken for a supply of money lo reduce ihe Scois to 
a reformation, sayd there were abuses at home that stood in more 
need of reformalion ; & in particular instanced in the toleration of 
recusants. The third by S' Benjamin Rudiard*, more mild 4 tem- 
perate, who confess'd indeed there were many abuses in the State 
which cal'd for reformation, indeed more then could be reformed in 
one parliament, but he desired they might wisely & fairly begin with 
the worst first, & so hoped this parliament wold prove a teeming 
parliament & begelt another. The King sent to the L. Mayor £ 
Aldermen to borrow a hundred thousand pounds, & wee heare they 
have willingly brought in thirty thousand with promise of further 
supply'. So farre has this late declaration dispossess'd that citty of 
that opinion which they generally had before, that the Scots meant 
no more but the maintenance of their lawcs & religion. Vou see 
how bold I have bin to disclose my intelligence into your bosome ; if 
you have occasion to comunicale any of it further I desire it may be 

I without the prejudice, & therefore without the mention of y' obliged 
Aprill 18* friend Geb: Langbaink. 

1640. 
To the Worpii his much 
honoured friend Christopher ^^H 

Dudley Esquier at ^^| 

his houiie at ^Hj 

Yanewath in ^^B 

Weslmerland. 

' FrMlds Sejmcmr, third son of Edward, Lord Bcanehamp, and (Tcat-grandsoa 
of Edward, Dokc o( Somerset, the Lord ProteOor, wu »t ihii time M.P. for 
WilUhirc In the foUowiDg year be wai created Baton Seymour of Trowbridge. 
Like the Earl of Dorset (above □. 3, p. 348) he was one of the prcn in 
UtendoDCe on the King at Oxford. Hit brother William vlio was at Ihis lime 
Earl of Hertford, wm made MarqncM of Hertford 3 Jnne. 1640, and restored u 
DnJce of Somerset in 1660. Francii's graodion became William's third iDcccitor 
aa Date in 1675. Lord Seymour's hoose at Marlboroogh became ao Inn, and has 
■ince 1S41 been Marlborough College. Both the brolhen' lives are in D. A' B. 

* Benjamin Rudyeid {iSJi'ififiS). educated at Winchester and St. John'i College, 
Oxford, knighted t6i8, was at this time M.P. for Wilton. He tried to mediate 
between Chatln and the parUament. Hli life is in ^. A^ B. 

' Gardiner (_Fai/ ejllu Mtnarrk}!, i, cb. vU, p. 307) give* a diBerent account of 

the leinit of the •pplleilion to the t.ord Mayor ind AMermen. L^ngtiaiae was 

pnibihly ioclined to beticTc what he wuhcd. It waa not till Octolier, 1&40, that 

anything wai obuiaed bxno the city and then ooly 50,000/. out of 100,000/, asked 

^ for (lb. 44»). 



350 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

7. 
Rev. Gerard Langbaine to Christopher Dudley (175). 

KINDS' 

The ancient interest which I had in your acquaintance, with the 
benefitt of your hiter favours and the constant profession of con- 
tinuance on your part, might be sufficient provocations unto me to 
draw from me some expressions of love & gratitude : Indeed I never 
wanted an inclination that way, though I have not ever bin provided 
of other things equally necessary to the performance of my desires ; 
sometimes want of ability, sometimes of opportunity, but mostly an 
unnecessary modesty while I look'd upon you at too great a distance : 
this which interposed mainly betwixt me ft my desires, you have taken 
a course to remove, by inviteing me to that which I perceive I might 
of my self have bin bold to doe & found welcome too. Now that you 
have made choyce of that book w<^h carryes my name in the front*, 
I honour your love to my selfe, but doubt whether you may not 
repent your choyce. The subject of the book beeing I feare not so 
suitable to y' genius. The French man that pretended most to 
wisdome (Charron* I meane) has condemn*d all divinity for dull & 
melancholy; if it be true, in my opinion it holds most of that polemical! 

^ Th« book is A Review of the Coancell of Trent Wherein are contuned the 
severall nullities of it : With the many grievances and prejudices done bj it to 
Christian Kings and Princes : As also to all Catholiqne Churches in the Worid ; 
and more particularly to the Gallicane Church. First writ in French by a learned 
^^OTdw-Catholique. Now Translated into English by G. L. Oxford, Printed by 
William Turner, Printer to the £amous Vniversitie, for VV* T, Edw: Forrest, and 
Will: Web. Anno Dommi MDCXXXViii. The learned Roman-Catholique was 
W. Ranchin. The copy in folio in the Queen's College Library is inscribed 
Taberdarijs Collegij Reginse Librum hunc Authore, Interprete & aetemitate dignum, 
inter plurimos alios, pro summ& su& erga Scholares benevolentii D.D. M' Musgiave 
terti6 Camerarius et Socius meritissimus. The dedication to Christopher Potter is 
signed Gerard Langbaine. There are six pages to the Reader, two pages of An 
Advertisement to the Reader, prefixed before the French Copie, and fourteen pages 
of A Summary of the Chapters before the 388 pages of the book begin. The Author 
was Guillaume Ranchin who also edited the Perpetual Edict of Salvus Julianus. 

' Pierre Charron (i54i-95)» avocat, preacher and friend of Montaigne, author 
of the Traits de la Sagesse in 3 books published at Bordeaux 1601, and in m 
mutilated form at Paris in 1604. The later editions conformed to the first which 
had been objected to on grounds of heterodoxy, one of his opponents calling him 
' le patriarche des esprits forts/ In the Rydal library is ' John ffleminges booke ' 
which passed into the hands of Dan. Fleming: — *0f Wisdome three bookes 
written in French by Peter Charro Doct' of Lawe in Paris. Translated by Samson 
Lennard. At London Printed for Edward Blount 8c Will: Aspley.' The colophon 
is:— 'London, Printed by R. B. for William Aspley, at the signe of the Parot in. 
Pauls Church-yard, 1640.* 




■HE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 35!^ 

t which treats of controvcrsyes. Such is the argument of this 
'book, hut indeed I cannot properly call ihem controversyes of religion. 
save that the popish akhymy has sublimated the greatest part of 
their divinity into slate poUicy. And here my authour undertakes 
them, if the discourse be tedious, you may read the contents Ijefore 
you venture upon it, & if you please be content to rest there. I have 
added to ii another book of a subject more conspireing with the 
times, & a language wiih yi humour, lis Fullers Holy Warre '. For 
kjflus I coihend to y' reading, if it doe not please blame my j'udge- 
■nent. All my feare is how this Christian pilgrime ' will passe through 
% to many infidell soldiers; the conntreyes are miserably pester'd with 
their rogiieryes & insolencyes, & I doubt y' parts are not Scoifree, 
Last Satterday I received a leiler from my Lord Keepers Chaplaine ' 
that the King had received letters informing him that Carlile was 
taken ', ihe gent : my friend went to the Lord Generals house to know 
the certainty, but my Lord had heard no such matter, & wee wait for 
the confutation of this fable till this night the returne of o' ordinary 
from London. The truth is there is no truth to be expected from 
coihon reports. Wee have had so many that went as current for 
whole weeks together as brasse money which time & experience found 
to have bin coyn'd in no other mint than some disconlenied heads. 
But for these things I leave them to God & the State ; & returne to 
you and myself; my brother' has often profess'd that he has received 
singular favours from you, for my self I shall be ready to tell another 
what you know of my obligations, for my sister' I have heard there 
was some probability she might beare subjects for the King and 

t' The HiMorie of the Holy Wute; By Thomi! Fnller, B.D. Piebendnrie of 
Samm, late of Suiitty College in CHmbridge. Tht third edilien. Cambridge, 
Printed by Roger Duiiei, and arc to be sold by John Williuns at the iignc of the 
Crown in Paul's Cborch-yird. 1G47. folio, Quccd'i College Library. 
' i, t. probably, hii (>ook, 01 possibly, the bearer of it. 

• The Lord Keeper al tbis lime was John Finch, Baron Finch of Foiilwich, 
who had been appolnled 17 Janoary, 1639-40, on the death of Loid Keeper 
CoTenlry. See n. 3, p. 346. 

• This rumour was false. ' A garrison of five hundred men was sent to Carlisle, 
ud Sir Nicholas Byron was appointed governor of (he Cutlc. . . . But the Scots 
entered England on the eut and ool on Ihe west, u) that the men of Cailisle were 
not called npon to show ihrit valour.' (Creighton's Carlisle, 155.) 

' William Langbaine of Moore-end, one of (he tnuteei of Bulon School founded 
by Provoat Langbaine and Dr. Lancelot Dawes in 1649. He died in i6iS' See 
below 10. p. 357. His wife's christian name was Jennett. William was a common 
name in the Langbaine family. I( was the name of the ProTost's father, and was 
given by the ProTost to bis eldest son. {AlktHa, \t. 364.} 

• She died in 1655- See below 10, p. 357, 



3sa THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

tenants for you. I writt my mind in it, but it seems the old &ther^ 
has forbid die banes. However in this or any other matter wherin 
yoor conntenance or advise may stand either me or mine in stead 
I shall presume no man will be more ready to pleasure. 
Qoeeo. CoUcdge Y' devoted friend 

tn Oz6& Joly 30^ GiRARD 

'^^* Langbainx. 

My humble respects to 
M» Dudley \ I have never 
yet received any answer 
concerning y' coat of arms '. 
It might tuLve bin done in two 
words. 

To the Wo'p* his honored 
friend Christopher Dudley 
Esquier at his house at 
Yanewath in 
Westm^land 
these. 

8. 

Dr> Gerard Langbaine to Christopher Dudley (194). 

Kind S^ 

Till I can pay the prindpall you must be content with the 
interest I am a debter to my self as well to you. my promise to 
me is of greater force then an obligation ; and I can more willingly 
absolve my self in Law for the forfeiture of a bond, then in conscience 
for the breach of promise. It was your comand I should write, and 
though I have nothing more to say, yet to testify my obedience, I doe 
so. I have at present as great store of employment as scarsity of 
time ; when I am raaister of my self I shall be more at y' service. To 
morrow is a new day ^, though no day here bring out any newes, yet 

^ William LADgbaine, of Barton near Penrith, not far from Yanwath. 
' Agnes Fleming, D. F.'s aunt, for whom see n. 7, p. 4. 
' See above 5, p. 34a,, and n. a there, and n. a, p. 343. 

* Langbaine had proceeded Doctor in Divinity a a Jane, 1646. 

* Langbaine had been elected provost 11 March, 1645-6, and Oxford had been 
surrendered to Sir Thomas Fairfax a4 June, 1646. I cannot find that anything 
special happened either in the University or College on a4 Sept. 1646. Perhaps 
Langbaine refers to the new state of things created by the order of the Committee 
for the University of Oxford, dated a July, 1646, inhibiting elections to places of 
preferment and the making or renewal of leases < vntiU the pleasure of the PArli- 
ment be made knowne therein.* Langbaine*s reticence, which is exhibited in this 
letter, was of great service to the Coll^;e * tempore osnipationis.* 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 353 

IPriudl take frequent occasions to tell you what you know already that 

Y' most alTectionale 
friend & serv* 
Gerard Lakgbaine. 



I desire you be my proxey 
10 present my owne & M' Brooks' 
our many thanks lo Mr Dalslon ', 
M' Braithwhait* and M' Richardson *. 
If M' Tod ' be not yet gone 
out of Towne 1 entreat y' 
man to Deliver him these 
enclosed lo Barton '. 



To the WorpB- 
his lovcing friend 
Christopher Dudley 
Hsquier at his 
Lodgeing at 
the Unicomc 
in Holburne'. 



' In the Vice-ChasceUor'i accomitt there is an ttllow>nce ' lo Di. Geiard 
Langbnine aod Mr. Brookes for their jonineyi to and from Loodon oo buunes 
for the Univeraiiy nnd abode there from Ang. It lo ScpL i8, 1646, i^li. :86. iid.' 
(\V'ood's Li/i and Times, ed. CLnik, iv. 60.) Ttii* wM Nicholu Brooks who 
matricfrom Migd. Hall 11 July, 1606, nBcd 18, was clerk at Magd-Coll. 1609-13, 
B.A. i6io, fellow of Oriel 1611, M.A. 1615-6, proclor i6ij, principal of SL Mory 
Hall 1644. He bail the degree of D.M. granted to him 13 Oct. 1646 ' for the 
lenriccs he had done to (he Univcnity in treating with the Parliament Cont- 
misiioneis, &c.' In 1648 he replied lo the Viiltort: 'I hnmbly conceive thai at yet 
I caonot, withoul violation lo sDch otbcs oi I have taken lo and in the Unlvenjtie, 
mbmitl unto your proposallE,' aad wai ordered to be expelled. The order doeinol 
(ecm lo have been enforced. He was present at a College meeling in Oct, l6ja. 
He resigned his fellowship 7 Mar. 1651-3, perhaps on bis marriage with Mary, dau. 
of Jobn Ancores of Brand, Salop. He was Principal of St.' Mary Hall till 1656 and 
died 15 July, 1667. His monamcDUl inscription is on sooth wall of nftve in Lichfield 
Calhedtal. He wrote some lines to Oliver Cromwell, printed in Oxford Venes on 
Peace between England and the Slatel, 4° Oion. 1654, p. 60, 'far belter than 
common ' (F. Bliss). 1 owe mnny of these details lo the kindness of Dr. Shadwell. 

■ Probably John Dalstoo of Acornbaok, for whom see n. 9, p. 4. He was son 
oT Sr Cbristopber, entered Qneen's College in Lent Term, 1618-9, ^"t ^''^ "ol 
natiicnlate till 1 Dec 1631, when he was 19 years of age, proceeding &.A. 14 Jan. 
1631-J. He entered Gray's Inn I Nov. 1631, and was M.P. for Appleby 1661-78. 
He was an undergraduate at Queen's with Langbaine, and is very likely the 
Mr. Dalslon of Lough's letter (p. 71), as he married ■ daughter of the Kidiard 
yollowficld mentioned in the same letter. 

' This is perhaps the Thomas BrathwiJte mentioned by D. F. as dead in 1675-6, 
(or whom see n. 4, p. ao6. He entered Gray's Inn from Staple Inn 1 1 Mar, 1630-1. 

' Probably Matthew, for whom ice o. 1, p, 18, X. p. 10, and p. 55. 

* Probably the minislct of Hutlon, for whom see n. 6, p. jto. A Thomas Todd 
writes to Christopher Dudley 7 Dec. 1640, about an apprentice of his who has run 
•way. {S.P. 171.) 

* Barton 01 Barton Kirk, a parish extending on the east side of tbe Eatnont from 
Penrith lo Ullesvraler. Horlsop, Patterdale, Mortinilale, Pooley, Sockbridge, 
Winder and Yonwath are all b this parish. It was Langbaine's birthplace and the 
ailc of the school be foundt:i) in cooJoneUon wilb Dr. Lancelot Dawes, for whom 
•ee n. 1. p. 34a. For the school tee l>elow, n, 4, p. 3{if. 

* See AdiUliooal Notes. 

Aa 



354 ^Tff^ FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

9. 

Sir TufOTHT Fitherstonhaugh ^ to his wm' (2i2)> 

My derest it is a sad farewell I now must take and my greifes doe 
supabound for y^ and my poore children, this fatall sentence is 
irreuocable for god sake be patient submitt willingly pleasnre of 
god which must be obeyed, I haue taken and written what order and 
direc for the poore estate, euery one in these horrid tones may doe 
wronge, I pray god right, thoughe my life be taken my souU is free 
and I hope by the mercies of viour shall Hue with him eternally, 

to whome I comend itt and the and thy I hope god almightye wiQ 
blesse you all and abate the mallise of yo' and my c enemyes, my 
cosen Lowther' vnfortunately did a displeasure (happely wkhoat th 
they woulde haue taken my life) he hath taken pains to preserue itt, 
he will take A childe and that child if it be his prentise it is puided for, 
I thinke Richard* fittest. God forgaue his death, I forgiue all the 
worlde and begg pdon of all, Charide ought to be vsed. Legacies 
I haue none, I wish I could deale blessings as I freelie wish them to 

' Timothy Fethentonliaagh entered Qaeen*s College in Easter Term and matricu- 
lated 30 May, 161 7, son and heir of Henry of Kirk Oswald, Cumberland, esq. 
He proceeded B.A. 3 Feb. 1619-30 (as Fetherston), entered Gray's Inn 24 Oct 
i6ao. He was knighted i Apr. 1628. He espoused the royal cause, was taken 
prisoner at the battle of Wigan 26 Aug. 1651, and beheaded at Chester ao Oct. 
following, despite his plea that he had quarter for life given him. His li£e is in 
D. M B, 

' Bridget, daughter of Thomas Patrickson of Caswell-How in Ennerdale, Cumber- 
land. Her brother John married Bridget, daughter of Sir Richard Fletcher of 
HuttoD, and so paternal aunt of Barbara, D. F.*s wife. She had by Sir Timothy 
eighteen children. 

• Probably Sir John Lowther of Lowther, baronet (1605-75), son of the 'ould 
Lady Lowther* (for whom see n. a, p. 27). Their relationship is exhibited in the 
following sketch pedigree — 

« 

Richard Lowther Albany Featherstonhaugh 

I i I i 

Sir Christopher, kt. Ann = Alexander Henry 

Sir John, kt.^ Eleanor Fleming Sir Timothy, kt 

Sir Jonn, baronet 

They were also closely connected by marriage, as Sir John*s first wife Mary 
Fletcher was sister to Bridget wife of John Patrickson, Udy Fetherstonhaugh*s 
brother. 

* Richard, the third son, is described as of Langwathby, a parish to the south of 
Kirkoswald, separated from it by the parish of Addingham. He married Katherine, 
daughter of William Grahme or Graham of Nunnery in the parish of Ainstable, 
the next parish to Kirkoswald on the north, and had two daoghtexs. The 
FetherstOE^aughs still own some land in Langwathby parish. 




THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



355 



t and my children, as much as you can aduise and educate ihem in 
e fcare of the lord, and let them never neglect prayers and priuate 
dewties, Setle them in Religion, there are now manye and scarce any 
good or visible but the ould, I desire them to loue and still to be 
heipfull and assistinge one to annother, and soe god Almighlye will 
bless and helpe them, they suckt nothinge but vertue from thy wombe, 
and in the presence qf god I speake itt, thou haste bene to me an 
vnparaleld wife, and a mother lo thy Children, though my death be 
fatall and some will make it Scandalous, yet posleritie truth another 
generation may not call it soe, nor would our age haue cald soe tenn 
yeares Since, I hope in the eyes of god and good people itt will be 
esteemed little lesse then A martirdome, and I hope since noe remedie 
I mvst die {and soe must all) I shall die a good Christian, I desire my 
Children to serue God ditigendy to be painfull and patient and neuer 
lo medle wiih anie great Matters or Stale or truble, but liuc poorely 
and Quietly and I hope God will raise and bless them I am wearie of 
this woefuU farewell, my prayers shalbe for ray soull, for the and 
thine as longe as I may, none more deserueinge then thy selfe of all 
women liueinge, I haue tould as mvch for directions as 1 can, I haue few 
freinds God Allmightie I hope will raise the upp some, there is Noble 
S' Francis howard' my good brother and kinde Cussen Kirkbride' 

' Sir Francii Hon-srd (knighted at WlutehBll 16 Feb. 1617) vas the second son 
of Lord William Howard, ' Mled Will.' who was son of Thomis, fourth Duke of 
Norfolk. His eldest btothci wns Philip, who wu grandfather of Cbailes, liril Eorl 
of Culiste (for whom see □. 4, p. 151}. The father lived at Nawonh Cnsile. and 
the Kreii sons and their wives and the luimarticd daughters lived on with their 
paients in patTbrchal fo&hion. He gave Corby to Francis, and this has been e*ei 
since the seat of that branch of the family. Sir Francis married twice. His eldest 
son Thomi£ by hij lirst wife Margaret Preston was killed 1643 at Atherton Moot. 
His second vlfc was Mary.danghter of Sir Henry Witheringt on. Kt., nnd from her 
the Howards of Corby are descended. Tliere arc many cnrions details atioDt 
Sir Francis ond his family in Mr. Omsby's Hovuhold Books of Lard William 
ffovMrd, published by the fiurtees Society 1S77. 

' Richard Kirkbride of EUetton, esq'. Colonel] of a RcEiment of Foot in the 
Army of K. Chatle* the lirst under the coTDmand of William Maiiincss of New- 
castle, dyed ^th Scplemlier. a° Diii. i6;g. His relationship lo Sir Timothy 
Fetheislonhaugh was through the Dadleys. 

Thomas Dudley of Vanwatb 



Richard 



I 



I 

Edmund 

Bernard Kirkbride ^= Dorothy 
Colonel Richaid, 



Lacy ^Albany Fetherstonhangh 



3S5 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

and my Soon Kirkbride^ I pray jo^ adnise witii them and Iflqik^ 
mj Sonn Kirkbride presentlj goe about itt and ddier bfe itt in some 
freinds name and part of itt or ali Sookl topajChildrensiKMtiaoiand 
matnetaine 70^, I leatie jo^ all to God and Tbem to the, if I had the 
Indietlwould leane itt to die asGodknowesIhanenodungCyldidilDe 
that Thomas* Seekes to that woman for his wife ttt will be mine to liim 
or her or both without Salt Teares, itt is time mytboogfats and Actians 
be wholj taken vpp with the Contemplation of heanen wiieie with 
Comfort I hope wee shall meete, And tUl then God blesse mjChikben 
and the and Comfort the and thy poore vnfortnnate dying liosband 

Tt. Fethsrston 
What cann be spared either by byinge or Compoondinge for the 
estate dispose of itt by Sale or otherwise, I Leaue it all to the and my 
Children as yow pl^we but I would haue yo^ doe for Jane* and 
Dorothye * as I haue Sett downe if yo^ Cann 

ao*^ of October 165Z for my honored fieinde 

Chester Cutle * the Ladie Bridgett 

fetherstonhawghe 
at Kirkoswald* 

present 
Cumberland. 

^ The ion of Colonel Richard, a second Bernard Kirkbride of EUeitoo, eiq% 
a Lieutenant-Colonel to S' Henry Fetherston, Knt. in the service of King Charles 
the first, married Jane, second daughter of Sir Timothy. His sister Mary was 
wife of William Graham of Nnnnery, and their eldest daughter Katherine married 
Richard Featherstonhaugh, Jane*s third brother. 

* Thomas, second son and heir of Sir Timothy by the death of his brother Henry 
at the battle of Worcester (3 Sept. 1651), married shortly after his father*s death 
Katherine daughter of Thomas Musgrave, 3d son of Sir William Musgrave of 
Crookedayke, Kt., who belonged to a younger branch of the Edenhall fiunily. She 
bore him one child, Mary ; and within a year or two he married as his second 
wife Mary, daughter of Henry Dacres of Lanercost, esq. who was the mother of his 
heir Timothy. The former is probably ' that woman.' 

' See above, n. i. After Bemaid Kirkbride*s death she married Edward 
Hasell of Dalemain, who was afterwards knighted, but had no issue by either of 
them. She died 18 July, 1695, and is buried in Dacre Church. 

^ Dorothy, the eldest (according to the Visitation pedigree certified by her 
brother Thomas), but according to Nicolson and Bum (i. 425) third danghter of 
Sir Timothy, married Robert Whitfield of Randleholme. She and Jane (who was 
as years of age at her &ther's death) were probably already married, and tiberefore 
separately mentioned. 

* Chests, after a siege of twenty weeks, surrendered to the parliamentary army 
$ Feb. 1645-6, and was from that time securely held. In 1653 a CoQit-maitial 
was established there^ and the earl of Derby, Sir Timodiy Fea^ierstQAliangh, and 
col. Benbow were condemned, the two first to be beheaded severally at Boltoo 
and Chester, and the third to be ahot at Shrewibvyk. 0^ Hoadaj, OcL jo» 
Sir T. Feathefstoohangh was beheaded in Noithgale-«ti«et, ojpfMxite to the abbqr* 
ftlcw (Onneiod^JKs«io^y'CActAM,i.aiow) 

* T)« panah chvch of Kiikoswald was coDcciale bnm 1523 to 154^ 



10. 

Dr. Gerard Langbaine to CHsrsTOPBER Dudley (287). 



My dearc brother ' not long before his death did £ig:nify to me that 
had received from you one piece of evidence conccmcing that 
particular w<* you & 1 were in treaty about, * that you told him there 
were two other WTiteings wh referred to this. Those you promised 
to seek out & send him ; but I have not yet seen either one or other ; 
onely I have writt to my sister to send up that in her hands, & desire 
you wold doe the like by the rest, for upon view of them I shall be 
able lo give you a present answer, & shall be engaged to ninne the 
hazard of the carryage at my losse, so as they be safely deliverd to the 
ordinary carryer Bumeyates', or to Mr Ganh ' th' Allumey, & directed 
to me. If you have either altered your minde, or lost your evidence, 
there is an end of that matter. I have a present occasion for that 
twenty pounds in your hands, & I desire you wold lett me know when 
I may expect to have it payed without fayle, for I wold be loth to be 
disappoynted at a pinch, & therefore think it a piece of necessary 
civility to give you timely notice before hand. I have of lale bene 
much broken in my health, * grieved in minde, which I think either 
caused or contributed much to my bodyly weaknesse & indisposition. 
My nephew*, brother', sister', were ail deare to me; & the newes of 
losse upon losse, every moneth one, made so deep a wound in my 
otherwise crasy constitution, as if by the blessing of God good counsell, 
& time, & physick doe cure, yet the scarre will remaine. Sr I cannot 
tell how I slipt into this digression, but where the sore is the finger 

the College vhicb is the seal of the FetherstoDhmgh f&mlly, a branch of which 
dune there liom Fetbcr^loDbangh in Noith amber land in the gcneratioti before 
Sli Timothy. The village ii oo the Raven haU a mile abore Iti julictioi] wllh the 
Eden, liftceti tnilei >oath-cait from Cirliile. It has the ruins of a caRlc. 



' Seen. 



>■ 3S'- 



• P«et, for whom see D. 4, p. 15, and n, a, p. 105. 

• Probably Tboma) Garth, who was o( Penritb, solicitor and ageat for 
■eqttefliBtions in tbe connty of Cumbeihuid, «bo«e oame occnn more than oocc 
in the Calendar of the Commillee for Componnding. He may be the lame who 
wtlh Anthony Hale begged lo be admitted tenant to the manor of Rydal whca 
mdet K*]neslialion. See Appendix A. 

' Some brother of Humfrey and Chiisiapher, for whom sec below a. 3, p. 360. 

• Seen. 5, p. 351, 

■ Seeabore?, p. 351. and 11.6 there. 



358 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

will be. I pray yon pardon me, & present my best respects to 
Mrs Dudley ^ God Almighty blesse you & her. I am 

Y' most aflfectionat 

Qneens CoU: OxoR friend & Servt 

March i8. 1655. GsRARD 

Langbainx. 



u. 

Sir George FCetcher* to Daniel Fleming. 

KiNDE BRO 

I haue receiued yours, and hope myne is come to your hand, by 
which you will understand some of my implojrment vpon Thursday 
next I am for Oxford where y^ Lady M G is with her son * I find her 
relations inclinable but ye Lady much averse to marriage, y« next 
weeke I shall know more As to your information in pojmt of &shon 
y« stuffs that are most wome are woolin about 3" or 4" a jrard some 
trimed with gold button and loops, some with siluer and some with 
silke. The fashon grenerally wome is Spanish breaches' with long coates. 

' See n. 7, p. 4. 

' See n. i , p. 5. He was now a widower with four children, haying shortly 
before this lost his first wife Alice, daughter of Hugh Hare, Viscount Coleraine, and 

MA 

his eldest son George. The letter is dated 27, the postmark is — ^, so the date is 

March 27, 1664. In the herald's Visitation dated 37 March, 1665, his second 
marriage is mentioned. 

' Mary, daughter of James, Lord Johnston, Earl of Hartfell in Scotland, 
married as her first husband Sir George Graham of Netherby, bart., who dying in 
February, 1657,-left her with six children, of whom the eldest son Sir Richard, 
matriculated at Christ Church 1664, aged 15, was created M.A. 4 Feb. 1666-7, 
was made Viscount Preston by Charles II, adhered to James II, and was con- 
demned to death for treason 17 Jan. 168^90, but pardoned. Sir Greorge was 
eventually successful in his suit, and she became his second wife and bore him four 
children. There is a letter from her to D. F. among the ' thrown out * letters at 
Rydal, which curiously enough also deals with clothes, in this case for a daughter 
who is going to be married. It is signed * Your ever loving sister M. Fletcher.* 

* In the early part of the seventeenth century ' the Spanish slop * was large and 
loose, but by this time the fashion there had quite changed. The Countess 
d'Aulnoy in her description of the son of the Alcalde of Aranda, says : * He had 
black velvet breeches, buttoned by five or six buttons above the knee, without 
which it would have been impossible to take them off, so tight are they worn in 
this country.* (J. R. Planch^*s Cydopadia of Costume^ ii« 361 ; c^ also the 
picture of a Spanish Nobleman, circa 1690, on p. 364.) 




THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



12. 

Jauss Bird* to Daniel Fleming (1113)- 



you will haue swch a sute vpon your order il shall be dispatched for 
lu according to y« cheepest and best contriuance of 

Your affeciionat bro 
Vy aeruice to my «ster* Geo: Fletchgr 

Tis thought we shall baue a war with y Dutch * 
For Daniel Fleming 
Esquire at Rydal 

I these p' Kendall 
s. 
' herewith yow will receiue the draught of the inquiiiconl louchinge 
iB&rton Schoole *, which I finished yesternight, butt I could not possibly 
■ooner dispatch it 

' Bnrb«i» Fletcher, D. F.'s wife. 

• The Dntch ■nd Engliib trading companies on the coast of Africa had begun 
qnairellmg io 1663. All thiough 1664 there were hostile proi;ccdiQgs and 
nunoun of war. <See n.4, p. 147.) War was not declared (ill 32 Feb. 1664-5. 

* James Bird of Brougham. He united the mauoi of which he onlf inherited 
a ihiid hj buying one third which had been bought In 1607 by Agnet Fleming, 
D. F.'t great-grand mother, and the last third fiom the heir of Anoe. Counteii of 
Fembrokc, who had charged It wttb four pounds yearly for the poor of the parish 
of Brougham. Though he had nine sons who all arrived it man's estate, be died 
without an heir male; and the eil»Ie was sold by Jnmei Bird's grsodchildiey 10 
John BroDgham of Scales, fifth son of the lleoty Brougham who wai seat to 
College by John Fleming (for whom see n. 3, p. 104). 

' For an outline of the history of Barton School see Nicolaon and Bum, i. 406, 
nnd Rlpurl of Schools Inquiry Csmmissien 1869, toI. lix. pp. 317, 318. There 
are two docomenti in the parish chest at Buloo, orders of separate bodies of Com- 
tnisMonerT nnder the great seal made respectively in 1667 at Penrith and in 1670 
at Kendal for the regulation of the school. It appears from these that, in addition 
to his original gift of £io, Langbaine bought an estate nt Culgaith with tome 
money which had reached him as on angmentation. Believing it to be church 
propcity, he did nol wish it to 'come amongst that lille I shall leave my wife 
ft children' and settled it npon the school, deducting ten pounds a year from the 
rents to be applied to apprenticing two Barton boys. The first document 
cstabUshes a new body of feoffees by adding the two Sir John Lowthen, D. F., 
and the Vicar of Barton for the time being to the snnivors, and the heiia of thoce 
who bad died, of the original govemors elected by the parishioners of Barton. 
The second document records that a lar^e proportion of the money collected for 
the building of the school hod been more or less loosely lent on interest to a number 
of persons, and orders the recovery of these tnms from the peisoos in whose bands 
■bey were, and that the Feoftees ^ould ' manage and pnt out the same moneys at 
Interest upon good security untill they can twxtowe it in land npon a good title.' This 
U the ' money which soc longe has layen at raudomc ' of which Mr. Bird wrilcE. 



360 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

I hane hereby indeaaoored to sett forth the whole history of the 
schoole concemes in west^land, which when it is found wilbe a good 
ground of setlem^, of those small Sumes of money which soe longe 
has layen at randome. 

I suppose either the schoolemaster ^ or Wittbi Smith * will Ixinge this 
to yow, and receaue from yow such further direccons for promnge 
Christofer langbane ' either an ezecutor named in his ffather^s will or 
at last such a pson as in Equity es lyable to answeare the chariQr, he 
hauinge receiued the money, who euer was named ezecutO'. 

I had not tyme to make a draught of the decree, neither indeede 
could I soe well doe it till I understood what you would order, though 
I thinke I should haue aduentured on it if I had had one halfe dayes 
more tyme. I doe therefore desire yow (if yow thinke fitt) when the 
inquiiiconl is signed, sett downe in short what yow intend to decre 
and lett Wiltm Smith, or who els firom Barton atends yow, bringe a 
Coppy of yo' minutes to me & I will forthwith drawe a draught of 
the Decree & send it to yow, and then I suppose when it is ingrossed 
we shall easyly gett it signed by your selfe & other three Com". 

^ See Additional Notes. 

* WiUiom Smith of Bowerbank was ooe of the Sopenrisois or Gnbematois of 
the School elected by the parishioners of BartOD. The second Commission fonnd 
that of the ' schoole-stock * there remained in his hands 68Z1' 6s \od, and in his 
hand and those of John Smith of Moore-end 6/. He had contributed 3/. 6s, Sd, to 
the erection of the school house. He had also ' payed in all the interest due for 
the said sixty and eight pounds six shillings & tenne pence untill' the first of 
August, 1669, and given security for the payment of Sixty Pounds upon the first 
of August, 1670, ' 8c the remaineinge sume of Eight Pounds six shillings & tenn 
pence doth remain in the hands of the said William Smith of Bowerbank un- 
secured' on the aad December, 1670. 

' Christopher Langbaine was son of William, Provost Langbaine's brother, for 
whom see n. 5, p. 351 . After his father's death, who dyed * possessed of a personal 
estate consistinge for the most part of Cattle and Household Stufife,' he and his 
mother ' made a public sale and took the bonds and securities for the money 
ariseing upon sale of the said personall estate in their or the one of their names, 
and' 'afterwards upon the said bonds the said Christopher Langbaine did 
receive and convert to his own use several sunmies of money amounting in the 
whole to the sume of forty and seven pounds.' The father had in his hands at the 
time of his death thirty pounds of the school stock, and for four years after his 
death the widow and Christopher 'or the one of them did truely pay for the 
interest of the said schoole the Interest yearely due for the said thirty pounds.' 
On the aad December, 1670, Christofer Langbaine had * neither given security for 
payment of the said prindpall sume of Thirty Pounds heretofore remaininge in the 
hands of the said William Langbaine nor payed in the Interest money therefore 
due 8c arrear.* A brother Humfrey is mentioned in the Commissioners* order as 
having paid to Christopher twenty Pounds out of the forty-seven which Christopher 
converted to his own use. 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



^H I thinke we had b«st undertake the Glinge of them our selfes fr not 
^B leaue them to M' knipe', and though he keepe the Comission that will 
not hinder the filinge either of ihe inquisicoS or decre, or any Tumre 
pcesse thereupon. I goc to Cockermouth on Wednesday where 1 shall 
waite on the worthy Doctor ', buu doubt 1 shall not retume before your 
meetinge. The schoole booke & what other papers I haue 1 shall 
send by the schoolemaster or who els comes from Barton, if I thought 
the D' would be at kendall, I would take them with me to Cocker- 
mouth, 8l deiioer them to him (here '. If yow thinke the deferrioge of 
the decree any way inconuenient be pleased to send back yo'' direcon 
by ihe bearer, and if 1 retume from Cockermouth on Thursday night 

I as phapps I may, I will before Satturday p^pare a draught of the 
decree, ft send it to yow to kendall by the Banon men I am Sr 
yor uery humble seruant 
Ja. Bird. 
; 



Sot my Worthy ffreind Daniel ffieminge 
Esq' at Rydall 

these. 



' The Commiisian of iGjo 



James Simpson Esq* Mayor of Kirkbjt 
Kend»ll, Danicll Fleminge Esq', Robert Fhilipsoa Esq'. Richard Btownsn-ord 
Cleikc, Thomai Sands Roger Batcman Richard Dnckett John Archer Richard 
RovlondsoD and William Knipe geDtteniBi. Knipe vas a common nunc in 
Keodal, aod a William Knipe look the oslb at frecmaD i8 Jan. ijSg. He wu 
& webslcr or ■ sheaJman {Bete of Xieimi ef Kirkbj Kendall, pp. 14, S>. 54)- I* 
■eems strange that Bird, who is 10 active in tbe matter, thoogh a Westmorland 
man, u nol included in the Commissioa. 

' Tbomat Smith (far whom see n. 5, p. 3). He was in tbe 1667 CommissitHi 
with Sir Philip Musgrare, Sir William Carkton, Thomas Denton William 
HusgraTc and Thomas Flelcher Esquires, Arthur Savage clerk, and William 
Dawes and Chrislopbei Tcasdale gentlemen. This was a Cumberland Com- 
nuision, the second a Westmoiland oae, whicb peihaps accounts for Dr. Smith's 
omission. Those who drew up tbe first Commiasioo may have thought thai 
Barton, being near Penrith, was in Cnmberland. 

' 'would be at kendall' leema to mean is going to be at Kendal to serve on 
the Commisiion. Bird's meaning seemi to be thai it is of no use troubling Smith 
with the papers if be is not going to be on the Commission which would be likely 
to meet al Kendal. 

' Brongbaro in Wertmorland, on the south side of the Eamont (which here 
separates Cumberland from Westmorland), along which the parish stretches till 
the river nini into Ihe Eden, which sepaialei Bionghain from Kitkby Tbore. It 
was the Biocavam of the Komans. 



362 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

18. 

William Smith* to Daniel Fleming (ii57). 

I haae sent you a warrant by the i^point">^ off M' Bird' and the 
ffeoffes ffor our Schole at Barton, to desire yo^ will be pleased to get 
it signed by soe manie off the Comisionn as is requisite (w^ yo' selfe) 
ffor sumoninge so manie as is needffull ffor theire ajyearance when 
you shall sett in execution off the said Comision, which I supose by 
M' Bird will be the morrow after yo' sessions at kendall, but I hope 
yo^ are fform^lie acquainted w^ it either by doct^'' Smith ' or M^ Bird 
or both S^ I intreate yo^ will be pleased to dispatch this bearrer wtb 
what ezpidition as yo^ may in regard he will be upon charge soe I 
humblie take leaue and shall euer be 

yor assured lo: ffriend 
and ser 

Wifct: Smith 

Bowerbanke this 
]6 Sep: 70 

14. 

Proposal for printing a Bible*. 

Endorsed : An intended Edition of the Bible at Oxford. 

It is designed to print an Edition of y® Holy Scriptures in the 
University of Oxford, with all possible care & accuratenesse, in reference 
both to y« correctnesse of y« Text & beauty of y« Character, and all 
other extrinsick ornaments : with Annotations also, plainly and prac- 
tically rendring y« mind of y« Text, so as to be understood by the 
unlearned Reader. To wch will be added the Arguments of y« severall 
Bookes, Chronologicall Observations, Geographicall Tables, and such 
other things as shall be found necessary to y® illustrat — of the whole. 

^ See n. a, p. 360. Bowerbank where he lived is on the right-hand side of the 
road going from Penrith to Pooley Bridge. 

* See n. 3, p. 359. 

* See above, n. a, p. 361. 

* This docnment is in the handwriting of Dr. Thomas Smith. It is probably 
his copy of a printed document Its date is determined by the drcamstances that 
Fell was not yet bishop of Oxford, which he became in 1675, and that Joseph 
AMlliamson had been knighted, which happened in 167a. 'On i Oct 1671, the 
University assigned to Sir Leoline Jenkins, Dr. Thomas Yate, Dr. John Fell and 
Joseph Williamson the privilege of printing for three years from Lady Day, 1673, 
at a yearly rent of aoo//.' (Wood's Life and Tinus, ed. Ckrk, ii. 170, n, 3.) 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 3^ 

For y^ performance of wch, with the caution due to so sacred a work, 
y« Annotations, being drawn up by severall eminent and learned 
persons in the said University, will, before their being committed to y^ 
Presse, be reviewed by divers of die Right Revd Fathers in God y« 
Bishops of this Church, as also by y« Professors of Divinity in the said 
University, 

The expediting of this work will be diligently endeavourd by the 
Assignes of the University for the affaire of Printing, viz : D' Fell 
Deane of Christ-Church ^ D' Yates Principall of Brasen-nose Colledge*, 
S' Leoline Jenkins •, & S' Joseph Williamson * : who will take care, not 
onely for the performance of the particulars above-mentioned, but also 
that a moderate price be set upon the book, when finished. 

And if, for y« support of y« ezpence of the Edition, and the 
encouragement of it, well-disposed and religious persons shall think 
fit to advance any summes of money. Security will be given by the 
said Assignes for returning to y^ severall Contributors a Book, or 
Bookes, according to y« proportion of the Summe advanced by them, 
so as to be of a greater value, by at least a sixth part, then y« money 
by them deposited. 

No particular price is now set on y® Book, to avoid those known 
and great inconveniences wch such distant designations have hitherto 
occasioned. 

^ See n. 3, p. arS. 

'^ Thomas Yate, b. at Middlewich, entered Brasenose 1619, was fellow 1623, 
rector of Middleton Cheney 1633, ejected 1646, principal of Brasenose elected 
and ejected 1648, readmitted 1660, died i68x. 

• See n. 3, p. 298. 

• See n. 3, p. 139. 



1i 



APPENDICES 



appendix a. 

Dakiel Fleming's relations with the Committee for 

Compounding. 

The following extracts from Mrs. Green's Calendar of the Committee 
for Compounding throw a great deal of light on the steps taken by 
Fleming during his father's life, and after his death, lo free the faintly 
property from sequestration. The ordinary difficulties which beset those 
on whom this duty devolved were greatly increased in his case by the 
circumstaaces of the family history. 

Down 10 the beginning of the year 1643 'he owner of Rydal and some, 
at all events, of the other family manors was John Fleming who died 
37 February of that year, leaving a son, William, and two daughters, 
Bridget and Agnes. Oa William's death, as a minor, 11 May, [649, the 
estates went lo Daniel's father, another William, son of another Daniel 
who was younger brother of John '. When our series of documents begins 
our Daniel's father was still alive, but he died 24 May, 1653, before the 
> sequestration was discharged. 

Meanwhile other persons who supposed themselves to have liens on the 
properiy put in an appearance before the Committee, Bridget Fleming, 
the first William's eldest daughter, now married to Sir Jordan Croslaod*, 
and her sister Agnes, who during the proceedings married George Colling- 
wood'. A nindloss' too, belonging to the family of John Fleming's 
mother, also appeared. 

With all these interveners, and the duty of determining the degree of 
'malignancy' of each of the owners through whose hands the property 
had passed between 1642 and 1654, it naturally took some lime and 
trouble on the part of the Committee before they were able to grant D. F. 
his certificates of relief. 

I. 

Calendar of the Committee for Compounding, Part I, p. 188. 

164(^50. 5, Commissioners for co. Westmoreland lo the Conunittee 
March »3. - ^ .- 

Kend«I. 'Of Compounding. 

Rydal demesne, sequestered from Wm. Fleming, was let by the lale 
commissioners lo Wm. Beck at :o3/. icu. ; George Mowson° bid 3:0/.. 

' See n. 3, p. 6. * See a. 10, p. 10. 

■ Seen. 9, p. 10. ■ Seen. l,p. 34, ud n. 7, p. 79. 

* He is called MiwsoB, p. $0, where tee a. +, He was probably acting rot 
WOliui Fleming, D. F.'s bthcr. 



4 



366 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

and John Harland 240/. for it. We resolved to decide the contest by 
setting up a light, the lease to be granted to the highest bidder before the 
light went out Mowson thus got it at 180/. Harland coming in after 
the light was out, offered 200/.* We think they were employed, one by 
Sir Jordan Crosland*, who married Fleming's eldest sister ; the other by 
Wm. Fleming, of Skirwith, Cumberland, who holds an entail The estate 
is not really worth more than 120/. We want directions. \i\ pages.] 

11. 
Calendar of the Committee for Compounding, Part I, p. 332. 

1650. ^9* ^nrase Benson, Roger Bateman, and John Archer', 

Oct: 14. County Commissioners for Westmoreland, to the Com- 

KcndaL mittee for Compounding. 

We, being members of the late county committee, know that the arrears 
of the profits of sequestrations, and the fines and compositions set on 
new delinquents, were, by Act of 2 Mar. 1649, ordered to the use of 
the county, towards paying the forces raised therein in the late war, 
and discharging other public engagements. This was done, but came 
short to discharge the engagements, so that the committee yet owe 
considerable sums, which they were forced to borrow to pay the Lan- 
cashire forces the 4,000/. ordered, and ease this county of the burden of 
free quarter until it was raised, and for other chaiges which they were 
required to satisfy. There were no rents due 25 March last, but only 
a few I Aug: last, most at Michaelmas, which we are raising, and hope 4 
within 14 days to have them ready to be returned to Goldsmiths' Hall^ 

The revenue will amount to more than heretofore, only we want 
directions touching an estate at Rydal sequestered from Wm: Fleming, 
for which 2,000/. was offered for one year, though at the utmost value it 
was never reputed worth more than 120/.; but it being in contest, this 
was done to gain possession. The estate lies waste, so that the profits 
thereof this year will scarcely amount to 50/. An estate in Kentmere, 
sequestered from [Chris.] Gilpin ^ has also been much impaired for want 
of direction. We want a commission for George Archer to be our agent. 

We being also Militia Commissioners have not been able to sit until 
last Thursday, but having put the forces in a posture, and they being 
now upon their march, we shall fall close to this business, and sit at 
Kendal on Wednesday week, and thence weekly until we have got the 
business thoroughly in hand. [2} pages.] 

• 

' It appears from below IL and III. that Harland got it for aooo/. A cypher 
may be omitted here in error. 
' See n. 10, p. 10. 

* Sec n, 3, p. 6. 

* Goldsmith*! Hall in Foster Lane was where the Committee for Compoimding 
sat. See Gardiner's History of the Great Civil War, i. 8. 

* Chris, should be George, for whom see W. Jackson's edition of Tlu Memmrs 
of Dr. Richard Gilpin, p. a, and the note to his name in the pedigree attached. 



III. 

Caiskdar of the Committee tor Compounding, Parti, p. 416. 

■ r*b^' ^°' ^"""^y Commiiiee for Westmoreland, to the Committee 

I Kend«l. '^o'' Compounding. 

We have sent up John Archer', our treasurer, 10 pass the accounts for 
the year. TTie half-year's rent due at Michaelmas was ready, and we 
desired your order about the sending ii up, as we could not get any sent 
by way of return, and did not like to hazard it by the carrier ; so you 
ordered it to remain in our hands, and as we cannot get it safely con- 
veyed, we are forced to slay it here. 

We have caused courts to be kept within several sequestered manors, 
and received verdicts, and lind a considerable sum may be raised from 
general and particular fines. We desired direction as they were arbi- 
trable, and also as to the manner of granting copies to the new tenants ; 
but as we have received none, we have suspended further acting, and 
bave directed Mr. Archer to solicit your advice. 

The demesne of Rydal in this county being in contest, and the title in 
dispute, was farmed out for the last year for 2,000/. to John Harland, 
merely to keep the possession, to corroborate the title of the present 
occupier, but we could never get any security for payment of the money. 
Edw. Wilson, a member of the late committee, in a time of exigency sent 
them 60/. for the public service, 41/. whereof was unpaid till of late, when 
on his petition we allowed it out of a rent of a sequestered estate which he 
farms, and desire it may pass in our accounts, [l J pages.] 



■Calendar of the Committee for Compounding, Pan II 1, pp. 1695-9. 

Claimants on the Estate of the late John Fleming, Wm. Fle.minc, 
his nephew', Skirwith, Cumberland, Jordan Crosland, Helmsley, and 
Sir Jordan Crosland, Hamm, Co. York ', 

25 March 1647. WM. FLEMING Compounds for delinquency in being 
in arms against Parliament. Submitted in September, and then took the 
National Covenant. 

15 April. Fine iio/. 

20 April 1649. Jordan Crosland, of Helmsley, co.York, compounds 
for delinquency in being in arms in the first and second wars. 

16 April. Fine at ^, 35/. or 50/. 

' Sec n. 3, p. 6. 

' William it called of Skirwith as khi of the Duiiel oa whom it w» settled by 
Agne* Biadloss who baugbi it lo IIS07 tftcr the death o( hec biubaad Williun 
Fleming. See n. i, p. j. 

* Mn. Everett Green expresses la a note here b« doubl whether these two 
CrosUndt aie not identical. They are. Haiain or Haromc it a Tillage two and 
» half mila frotn Uelmiley. ijec a, 10, p. 10. 



368 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

23 Jan. 165a Fkming htg& aDowance of his title to manors, &c, in 
COS. Lancaster, Westmoreland^ and Cumberland. His grandfathcTi 
Wm. Fleming, settled them upon himself and his heirs male, with re- 
mainder to his right heirs, and died, leaving issue, John and Danid. 
John Flemii^, 10 years ago, settled them on tiustccs till his eldest son 
William was 21 years of age. In 1647 they were sequestered for the 
supposed recusancy of William, who died a minor, when tibe appeal of 
the trustees was pending before die Barons of Exdiequer. Mr. Steele^ 
now Recorder of London, the referee of the appellants, ddivered his 
opinion in their £aivour. Petitioner claims by way of remainder, and begs 
reference to counsel'. 

5 Dec On Brereton's' report, order that Rydal Manor be oontinoed 
under sequestration, Coniston be freed, unless the heir-at-law shew cause 
to the contrary within a month, and Bedrermet be compounded for on 
petitioner's proving the will mentioned in the report, and the death of 
Wm. Fleming, the infant \ A month longer allowed the heir-at-law. 

39 Jan. 165 1. If Rydal be sequestered for recusancy only, the man«aa 
house is not to be let ; but if for delinquency and recusancy, it is to he let. 

19 Feb. Bridget and Agnes Fleming, daughters of John Fleming, beg 
discharge of lands and tenements in co. Westmoreland, leased 30 Sept. 
1648 to Lady Eleanor Lowther* and others, by their father, John Fleming, 
in trust till the majority of his son William, whose heirs they are. 

19 Feb. County Commissioners to certify. 

26 Feb. 1652. Petition of Jordan Crosland, Bridget, his wife \iUe 
Fleming], and Agnes Fleming*, for discharge of manors, &c in cos. 
Lancaster, Westmoreland, Cumberland, and York, renewed. Wm. 
Fleming, the in£ant, was never actually possessed of the premises, which 
were sequestered as his. The certificate of the County Committee of 
Westmoreland has miscarried ^ 

26 Feb. Referred to the County Committees of Cumberland and West- 
moreland. 

23 March. Wm. Fleming, Bridget Crosland, and Agnes Fleming com- 
plain that although Wm. Fleming has appealed to the Committee for 
Compounding for a great part of the estate, by virtue of the entail, and 
is in actual prosecution thereof, and although Bridget Crosland and 
Agnes Fleming are prosecuting their appeals for the remainder of it, yet 
the whole estate is presented in the Committee for Compounding's list to 
Parliament as that of Wm. Fleming, the infant, deceased. Beg that the 

' See n. I, p. 51. 

' It was probably in connexion with this petition that D. F., aged 17, went to 
London with John Bankes to clear Coniston, Rydal and Beckennet from seqoestra- 
tion. See p. 3. 
"* See n. i, p. 6a. 

* For the steps Uken with this view by D. F.'s father see pp. 35, 36. 

* The * onld Lady Lowther ' of p. 27, where see n. a. 

* She afterwards married George CoUingwood, for whom see n. 9, p. 10. 

' This appears to be the petition of which a copy was paid for, 30 Dec 165s. 
See p. 31. 



APPENDIX A 369 

r may State that the said estate is under appeal. Noted, for [he 
" Jietition to be transmitted to Garland [to be offered to Parliament], 

4 Jan; 1653. Petitioners coinplain that they are likely to be prejudiced 
in their claims by the insertion of John Fleming's name in the last Act 
for Sale. The said John died 23 Feb. 1643, nearly So years old ; for 
several years before his death he had not travelled a mile from Rydal, 
and was never sequestered. Beg relief according to the provisions of 
the Act. 

37 Jan: Jordan Crosland complains that, although a Protestant, he 
has been relumed by the County Committee of fjincasler as a Papist, 
and owner of UrswitkV co. Lancaster, and that his name is inserted in 
the late Act for Sale. Was never convicted of recusancy, nor ever owner 
of Urswick, which was first sequestered as Wm. Fleming's, alter whose 
decease, it should have come to petitioner's wife Bridget, and her sister, 
Agnes Fleming, the coheirs ; but they have never had possession '. 

a? Jan. Committee for Compounding dismiss his petition, because he 
compounded without mention of any estate in co. Lancaster. The 
Registrar's certificate ordered lo be produced. 

38 Jan. Wm. Fleming, nn behaJf of himself and Agnes and Bridget, 
begs that, as owing to multiplicity of business, Uieir cases are not heard, 
the Commiltce for Compounding will take notice of his appeal, and 
relieve him ', 

5 April. Jordan Cropland's petition renewed. 

5 April, Committee (or Compounding order discharge of his lands in 
Yorkshire, and the County Committee of Lancashire are lo certify in 3 
weeks the ground of the first sequestration of Urswick, as they find it in 
the former County Committee's records. 

5 April. Crosland being relumed as of Fumess, co. Lancaster, and 
s Papist, proceedings stayed pending further enquiries. 

31 May. Wm, Fleming petitions that be applied to have the name of 
D Fleming, his uncle, expunged from the late Act for Sale, as never 
ictUiUly sequestered, but could not be heard through multiplicity 
\ business. Renews his petition for a certificate to the Drury flouse 




■STc 



Umriek is a. paiiih on Motecambe Bay. It woold leem from p. 371 below 
some lilhes here and at Ulvcrslon had been bought by Jolm Flemiitg, 
" " falher.in.Uw. 
Croilno'l. ihoogh uoiiing with William Fleming, D. K.'i fBlhet. to get the 
property out of Kqaestnition, Kcn» n!w to have stnrttd independent jieiilioiis. 
Hi* int-resl nnd Ihat of liis wile anii her sisler, mba broune Mis. CoUingwood, 
a\ FKiielly the same as that oi D. F.'s latlier, and this cauted difRcutties lucb 
rrfened to no p. )5. There wna always a fear thflt Crosland ot CollJngwood 
nil* some point which wunld inKrfete with Ibe obtaining a icrtilicate from 
Commisiionen. See p. 37. 
■ Ei hec this petition or ihnl of 31 May below may be the petition itfened lo in 
William Fleming'! letter 10 JoSn Banckes, XVU, p. ij. 

* The TniiKes for the it\e of Lands forfciled for Treason. See n, t, p. 55. 
lUiam Fleming the petftioner had died on the i^lh of the same month. 



370 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

31 May. To be heard next week, the case bdng too loi^ to he 
debated now. 

3 Aug. Brereton ' to state Crosland's case, and that of the Fknungs, 
as well upon the proviso in the last Act for Sale, as npon the title allowed 
hy the Committee for Removing Obstructions. 

7 Sept John Fleming declared to be within the said proviso, being 
not sequestered before i Dec 165 1, and the sequestration of CcMuston 
and Beckermet manors discharged, the rents, &C., of whidi are to be paid 
to Wm. Fleming, with arrears, from 28 June 1650. The Committee for 
Compounding cannot, on the proof before them, discharge Rydal Manor, 
but leave him to make further proof. 

10 March 1654. Crosland begs to compound for Rydal Manor in the 
third Act for Sale, having married Bridget Fleming, and had conveyance 
of the same from Agnes. 

14 March. No further proceedings to be taken against Crosland in 
respect of the estate at Urswick. 

31 July. Fine (not given) paid and estate discharged. 

March 1654 ? Daniel Fleming ', of Skirwith ', co. Cumberland, begs 
discharge, with restitution of rents ^ of Rydal Manor, Westmoreland, 
Beckermet, Cumberland, and Coniston, Lancashire, come to him on the 
death of his father, Wm. Fleming, who, in 1650, obtained allowance of 
his title to Coniston and Beckermet, but not to Rydal, that being referred 
to the Army Committee. Meanwhile his father's name being in the late 
Act for Sale ^ he and his father appealed to the Committee for Removing 
Obstructions, who allowed their title 30 March 1653, and the Trustees 
for Sale suspended the survey. 

21 March 1654. Dan. Fleming, of Coniston, Lancaster, complains 
that while his title to Rydal Manor, &c., depends, it is surveyed * by die 
Trustees, and begs that if his title be disallowed, he may compound for 
it. Noted as referred to Reading in order to a composition. 

28 June 1650. A motion on behalf of Francis^, son [? grandson] of 
Sir Robert Bindloss, referred to Brereton. 

6 May 1652. Francis Bindloss [of Wherwell, Hants, grandson of Sir 
Robert, being the second son of Sir Fras. Bindloss, Bart.], begs reference 
to counsel of his claim to Sherbum Rectory, with two ox-gangs of land, 

' See n. i, p. 6a. 

* D. F. now first appears in the Calendar in his father*s place. It was probably 
to put him in a position to present this petition that his mother executed the 
resignation for which he paid 00-07-00, 29 May, 1654. See p. 78. This petition 
was probably the result of, and explains the meetings, surveys, articles and 
references of pp. 6 and 7. 

' See above, n. 2, p. 367. 

* This seems to have been the subject of the Bill of Revivour for peruseing which 
Mr. Churchill was paid 01-00-00, 8 May, 1654. See p. 76. 

» Seen, i, p. 55. 

* This appears to be the survey for a copy of which D. F. pa3noo-o6-oo, 
3 a March, 1653-4, the day after the date of the petition. See p. 73. 

' See n. 7, p. 79. 



APPENDIX A 371 

and a tenemetnt conveyed by John ^Fleming to petitioner, and lately 
sequestered for the delinquency of Wm. Fleming, his son, both deceased. 

6 May. Referred to Brereton *. 

ID June. He begs reference to the County Committee of Yorkshire to 
certify the cause of the sequestration. Sir Rob. Bindloss, petitioner's 
grandfather, 18 years ago conveyed to John Fleming, deceased, and 
others, tithes, lands, &c., in cos. Lancaster and Durham, in trust to 
employ them for petitioner, in pursuance whereof, John Fleming, 10 Jan. 
1626, purchased the rectory of Sherbum, co. York, for 1,500/. by him 
received out of the profits of the estate. Has but lately come of age, and 
has had a suit in Chancery against Fleming's executors for performance 
of the said trust, which is lately ordered to be performed, and 4,000/. 
awarded to petitioner, who is directed by the Court to accept the said 
rectory, which, in regard of his non-age, &c., is unduly sequestered, as 
John Fleming's estate. 

10 June 1652. County Committee to certify the date and cause of 
sequestration, and Brereton ^ to report on the title. 

28 July.. Petition renewed, and requesting reference to counsel ; some 
of the lands are unjustly sequestered as £dw. Norris' lands. 

28 July. County Committee to certify, and Reading • to report. 

31 Aug. Bindloss begs reference to the County Commissioners of 
Lancaster and Cumberland, and that Brereton ^ may report on the whole 
case. Granted. 

14 Oct. A petition (missing) referred to the County Committee of 
Westmoreland to certify. 

18 Nov. On report, sequestration discharged with arrears from 10 
June 1652. 

23 Nov. His request for arrears from 24 Dec. 1649 referred to the 
County Committee of York, who are to examine what augmentations are 
granted out of the rectory by the Committee for Plundered Ministers, 
and if none, they are to allow him arrears from Dec 1649. 

11 May 1654. Claim allowed', sequestration discharged, and arrears 
from 31 Aug. 1652 granted. 

17 Aug. 1653. The Parishioners of Ulverston, co. Lancaster, 
beg payment, with arrears, of 10/. a year for 20 years, allowed to their 
minister by John Fleming, to whom King James granted their rectory, 
and tithes of great value, at 42/. rent, on condition of their maintaining 
a fit chaplain; but Fleming being a Papist delinquent, the rectory is 
sequestered, and the agent has refused payment the last 2 years. 

17 Aug. 1653. Referred to Reading*. 

Aug. 1654. They petition the County Committee for Lancaster for 
like allowance, stating that in 165 1, the estate became sequestered for the 
Popery and delinquency of Sir Jordan Crosland, who married Fleming's 

* See n. i, p. 6a. 

' John Reading, was coansel-at-law to the Committee on Compounding. He 
received on account of salary 5/. a week. He died before 4 Feb. 1657. 

' This is probably ' Fra. Bindlosse allowance,* for a copy of which D. F. pays 
00 - 03 - 06, 23 June, 1654. Sec p. 79. 

B b 2 



37^ THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

eldest daagfater; they bave apfdied to die Committee for C ompoiia ding, 
who wish a certificate on oath of the payments, amd of there being a 
resident minister, bat now they hear that the seqoestxatian has been 
discharged, with arrears from Aug. 1652. 

5 Jan. 1655. Their claim allowed 00 rqxxt, and die secpiestratioo 
discharged, with arrears from 24 Dec. 1649^ . 

I June 1655. John Kirby \ of Kirkby in Fnmess, ca Lancaster, begs 
indemnity for having paid to the Comity Committee 40/., part of a MA 
of 100/., doe to the late John Fleming, for which, and the rest of the debt, 
the execators, Jordan Crosland and George CoUingwood, have arrested 
and imprisoned him. 

I June. Orders for delivery to him of 2 bonds of 40^ eadi for payment 
of the said 40/. 

Lessees of the Estates. 

5 July 1650. Thomas Garth ' and Anthony Hale b^ to be ad- 
mitted tenants to the Manor of Rydal, co. Westmoreland, which is under 
sequestration. 

5 July. The County Committee to let the estate to the petkiooers, 
they giving as good rent as any other. 

9 Ju!y 1651. John Winter, of Penrith, Cumberland, petitions that 
Rydal Manor, Westmoreland, sequestered from the late Wm. Flemii^, 
was posted up Nov. 1650, but not let till May 165 1, and then let privately 
to Walter Cowper for 100/., though petitioner offered 200/. and good 
security. Cowper has assigned his lease to Roger Barwick, a recusant 
delinquent, for his master, Sir Jordan Crosland, a dangerous delinquent 
who keeps possession, to the terror of the well-affected, it being a strong 
place, and a noted rendezvous for malignants. The late County Com- 
mittee leased it for 2,000/. for 1650 to Sir Jordan, but no rent has been 
paid. 

Being faithful and a sufferer for the Commonwealth, is troubled at this 
abuse, and begs examination before the County Committee for Cumber- 
land, the County Commissioners of Westmoreland being the parties 
complained of; also leave to lease the estate at 200/., and the leviation' 
of the 2,000/. for 1650, on Sir Jordan. 

9 July. County Committee for Westmoreland to certify what they 
know, and to survey the estate, and report how many acres it contains, 
and whether they have let it by the box; also to give account of what 
wood was felled last year, and allow no more to be felled without 
direction *. 

3 Dec. County Committee denying the truth of the petition, and 
affirming that Winter himself denies writing it, the Committee for Com- 

* See n. 5, p. 4. « See n. 3, p. 357. 

' An obsolete word used in the' sixteenth and seventeenth centuries for levying, 
sc. a tax. 

^ There is a reference to an order ' against the cattinge downe and spoyleinge of 
the woodes* in William Fleming's letter to John Banckes, XVII, p. 25, 



APPENDIX B 373 

pounding state that it was drawn and delivered by Wharton, a solidtor '^ 
who affirms that he was instructed thereto by Winter. 

15 June 1654. John Wilson, of Hornby, co. Lancaster, begs the 
tithe-rents, for 165 1 and 1652, of lands in Urswick and Ulverston, se* 
questered for Sir Jordan Crosland's delinquency. The lands and tithe- 
rents being usually farmed together, at the rent of 15/. a year, in 1650 
offered 23/. a year for 7 years, but the County Committee of Lancaster 
refused to allow him to gather the tithe-rents, saying they have not 
power to farm rents, so petitioner has only the profits of the lands let but 
at 17/. a year. 

15 June 1654. Referred to the County Committee. 

V. 

Calendar of the Committee for Compounding, Part V, p. 328$. 

Purchaser of the Estate of William Fleming. 

23 March 1654. Discharge from sequestration of Rydal Manor and 
fishing, Meller Brigg House, Grasmere, and a house in Kendal parish, 
Westmoreland, forfeited by him, and bought from the Treason Trustees 
by Isaac Morgan ^ 

APPENDIX B. 
Char-pve. 

The Char or Charr (Salmo Aipinus, Linn.) is believed to be extinct in 
U lies water, but is found in Windermere, Coniston, Hawes Water, Crum- 
mock, Buttermere, Ennerdale and Wastwater. Mr. Macpherson ' quoting 
'Jenyns, cited by Day* identifies the case and the charr which D. F. 
separates (LXXIII, p. 152). * This fish,' he says, ' in its ordinary state is 
the case charr of Pennant ; when exhibiting the bright crimson belly 
which it assumes before spawning, it is called the red charr \ when out of 
season, the spawn having been shed, it is distinguished by the name of 
the gilt charr.' 

The season for Char is from September to February and it is usual to 
prepare them by baking them well seasoned with spices. In the seven- 
teenth century they were baked in pies of enormous size weighing from 
thirty to over sixty pounds. It is doubtful if the crusts in which the 
spiced baked fish was enclosed were eaten ; and between 1670 and 1680 
tin cases or pots seem to have been substituted for the crust. ' This way 
of Tinne Crusts does infinitely better,* writes Williamson to D. F. 2 Apr. 
1675 (P* 202). That the potted Char of to-day is the same thing as the 
char-pie of those days seems clear from two quotations from Bishop 
Nicolson's papers which I owe to the kindness of Bishop Ware. In his 
list of letters written 22 March, 1707-8, occurs:— 'Sir Ja. Montague with 

* Sec n. 2, p. 35. 

' See n. i, p. 63. It would appear from p. 7, that D. F. was not aware of this 
solution of his difficulties till 5 July. 

' Vertebrate Fauna of Lakeland^ p. 508. 



374 T'/ZJE: FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

2L pot of Chars ; and thanks for all his favoars.' In his diary, under April 3, 
1708, Nicolson writes :— ' Thence to Mr. Soil' Mountague, w^ my thanks,' 
(scil. for getting his Bill about the Cathedral Statutes through the House 
of Commons) ' and to receive his commands for Cailisle, when again he 
offers his service' (as M.P.) 'and will accept my help and another 
Char-pye.' 

In Appendix E I have transcribed all the entries in D. F.'s great book 
of accounts referring to char or case. They will afford fiill information as 
to the price of char, the weight of the pies or pots, the cost of their 
transmission to London or elsewhere, etc. 

APPENDIX C. 

The Expense-Book of James Master of Trinity College, 

Cambridge. 

By the courtesy of the Kent Archaeological Society I am allowed to 
reproduce here a portion of the Expense-Book of James Master, Esq., 
A.D. 1646 to 1676, a transcript of which appeared in the Archaologia 
Cantiana^ volumes xv-xviii. 

The MS. is 'a veUum-covered paper-book of 196 pages, each six inches 
long by seven and a half broad.' 

It contains all the payments of James Master from his twenty-fourth to 
his fifty-fourth year, ' as a Fellow-Commoner at Trinity Coll^[e in Cam- 
bridge, as a law-student at Lincoln's Inn, as a Kentish bachelor of 
fortune,' and for the first ten years of his married life. ' It puts before us 
a young Kentish gentleman, of the Parliamentary party, as somewhat of 
a dandy, an ardent lover of horses and hawking, frequenting Newmarket 
when at Cambridge, and a sporting man to the end cf his days.' ' At the 
same time he was a man who read much, and the numerous entries 
respecting books which he purchased are by no means the least interesting 
portion of his expense-diary.' 

Such a document easily lends itself to comparison in the way of 
similarity and contrast with the accounts of D. F., and for his Cambridge 
life with those of Henry Brougham and of D. F.'s sons. 

D. F. was of course a Cavalier and a north-countryman, Brougham 
matriculated as a commoner and Henry Fleming as a batler. Master was 
forty-four years of age before his expenses are those of a married man, 
but the community of tastes and circumstances multiplies resemblances 
between the two sets of accounts. 

I have thought it best, instead of selecting items, to print a good block 
of the Expense-Book from the part in which the largest number of items 
similar to those in the Fleming accounts occur. I have chosen the begin- 
ning of the book, the expenses from November, 1646, to June, 1647, which 
covers the whole of Master*s Cambridge life and his start in London. 

The book was transcribed for the Kent Society by Mrs. Dalison, of 
Hamptons, and edited by Canon W. A. Scott Robertson. The italics 
within square brackets are presumably his supplements to what is found 
in the MS. 



APPENDIX C 21S 

A Books of my Expences. 

Begunne when 1 came o/age, «/** was y* 14'* of Novemb, 1646. 

1646. j^ 5, d, 

November y« 20. Given to M' Polley's man . . . 00 00 06 
y^ 21. For 2 pa[/r] of cordovan double seamed 

gloves 00 06 06 

7*23. For going & comming by water ^ . • . 00 01 00 
y« 24. For y« Scots papers, y* Ordinance for Bishop's 

lands, & other pamphlets • . • . 00 01 00 

y* 25. Given at the \monthly\ Fast . . . . 00 01 00 

y« 26. For bringing my box from y* carryer's • . 00 00 08 

y* 27. For 2 paper books 00 01 00 

Dec I. For an answer to y® Scots papers . . . 00 00 06 

2. For milk, sugar, & egges . . . . 00 01 06 

3. Lost at cards ' 00 03 00 

5. For mending my cloaths . . . . 00 01 00 

7. For borrowing a lute I month . . . 00 02 06 

7. For bringing of it 00 00 06 

7. For VirgiU's Georgicks in English . . 00 00 06 

9. Given at y^ Fast 00 00 06 

ID. For a writeing booke 00 00 06 

II. For 6 pa. of band strings . . . . 00 02 00 
II. Given to M' Hudson for a bill out of y* 

Chamber of London . • • . . 00 01 00 

13. Given to y* Clarke for a seate • . . 00 00 06 

14. For going by water 00 00 06 

15. To M' Com'on Sergeant when I proved my 

age 03 00 00 

15. To M' Com'on Cryer 02 05 00 

15. For drawing up y* bill for satisfaction proving 

my age 00 05 06 

15. To y« Com'on Clarke of y« orphan. & lega[^] 01 10 06 

1 5. To y® Com'on Cryer's man . . . . 00 01 00 

15. To y« Clarke for expedition . . • • 00 02 06 

15. For going by water 00 00 06 

16. For going by water 00 00 06 

16. For an order from the Towne Clarke to 

M' Hudson 00 04 00 

16. For searching for an inventory, & an accompt * 00 02 00 

18. For sweetmeats 00 01 00 

18. For going by water 3 times ^ . . . . 00 01 06 

19. Given to M' Hudson for his fees for receiving 

;£277i loi. 10^ part of my portion . . 05 10 00 

19. Given to M' Hudson's man . . . . 00 15 00 

22. For going by water ^ 00 01 00 

* Cf. p. 59, July 14. • Cf. p. 39, Jan. 13. 

• Cf. p. 83. Nov. 10. * Cf. p. 91, May 9. 



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376 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

1646. £ s. 

D«c 22. Given to my Writing Vi[(uteY for coming to 

me 3 times ^ 00 

23. Given away at ye Mewes .... 00 

24. For a boo[ir] of Ben Johnson's cal[i^] 

Timber &C. .00 

26. For a pound of raisins 00 

29. For going by water • 00 

29. Given to M' Evans 00 

29. For a pound of raisins 00 

29. For [John] Booker's Almanack .00 

30. Given at the [monthly] Fast .... 00 

x646[-7]. 

Jan. 2. For going by water 00 01 00 

2. For 4 yards & an halfe of Spanish cloth for 

a sute & cloake at 23* the yard . . • 05 

2. For an ell, quarter & halfe of Tafiatye ^ . .00 

2. For 2 bands & 2 pa. of cuffs .... 00 

2. For 3 ya. of black ribbon .... 00 

4. For 28 yar. of ribbon for points & tagging 

them 01 

4. For 8 yar. of silver ribbon at 15^ ya. . .00 

4. For 4 pa. of plaine boothose tops . . .00 

4. For going by water 00 

4. For 3 ya. \ of silver lace weighing 2 oun. f . 00 

4. For an hat ^ 00 

4. For a white hatband 00 

4. For a booke call[^//] Balzac's Letters * . .00 

7. For cutting my haire and shaving . . .00 

7. Given to the Talour's man .... 00 

8. For 2 pa. of ancle wosted socks . . .00 

9. Spent at the Rhenish wine house . .00 

11. For a pa. of perfumed gloves ' . . .00 

12. Spent at the Mewes 00 

13. For 4 pa. of plane bands and cuffs . . .00 

14. For going by water 6^ For a Penknife !• . 00 

14. For a little box 00 

14. Given to the poore 00 

14. For a ipoM[nd] of sweet pouder for linnen "^ . 00 

15. Paid to the Tailour for making my sad 

coulour cloath suit and cloake . . . 02 01 00 

16. For making cleane my sword, a searcloath 

scabbard and false scabbard . .• . 00 04 06 

* Cf. p. 199, and n. 5 there, and p. 308, Aug. 36. 

■ Cf. p. 59, July 14. * See n. 4, p. 81. 

* Cf. p. 39, Jan. 2, and p. 81, July a6. • Cf. p. 80, July 8. 

* Cf. p. 84, Nov. 10, ' Cf. p. 79, June 10. 



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APPENDIX C 377 

l646[-7]. £ s. d. 
Jan. 16. For a book tending to Resolution made by 

Bunny 00 

18. For a pound of raisins 00 

18. For a pa. of boots with goloshooes ^ . .00 

18. For a pint of sack * 8* Spent at the Mewes !• 00 

19. For halfe an elle of sarcenet . . ... 00 
1 9. For Balzack letters translated by S' R[icAard ] 

B[aJ(:er]* 00 03 00 

19. For S' Fran. Bacon his advance[/»//f/] of 

learning 00 

20. For a pare of silvered spurs .... 00 

21. Given to the Common Crier's man . . 00 

21. For a book cal[/^//] Fragmenta Regalia . 00 

22. For all TuUyes works 00 

23. Given to my Fencing Master for teaching to 

fence one month ended 23 Jan. . . . 00 1 5 00 
23. For the Lives of Rich. 3*, Edwa. 4***, & 

Lewis 13**^ 00 II 06 

23. For Doc' [St'r Thomas] Browne's boo[>&] 

cal[/ei/] Enquiry into [commonly presumed 

truths] &C. 00 06 00 

26. For going by water 6* To the Gierke of the 

Orphan, and Legacy and for expedition 36" 01 

27. Given at the [monthly] Fast .... 00 

28. For } of a pou[m/] c^ dried rose leaves . . 00 

29. Spent at the Mewes 00 

29. For vamping a pa[/> of] boots & given to y* 

shooma[^^r'j] boy 00 

30. For fencing one weeke 00 

30. For an order from the Townc Clarke . . 00 

30. For soleing a pa, of boots .... 00 

30. For a pound of raisins 00 

Febr. i. For a boo[^] ca\[led] y« Cobler, & an 
Apo[logy] for y« ar[»f>'] of S' T[homas] 

F[atr/ax] 00 

1. For going by water 00 

2. Given to M' Common Serieant when I ac- 

knowledged satisfaction for jCiSig . . 03 01 04 
2. To the Toune darke when I acknowledged 

satisfaction 02 

2. To M' Evans for drawing up the bill • . 00 

2. For a pou[nd] of raisins .... 00 
' 3. For 2 pa. of cordo[van] double seamed gloves 00 

3. For sweetmeats 00 

* Cf. p. 81, July 20, and n. 6 there. • Cf. p. 83, Nov. 10. 

' Cf. p. 80, July 8, and n. 6 there. Cf. alio above, Jan. 4. 



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37B 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



i646[-7]. 
Fcbr. 7. 
II. 
II. 

IS- 



IS. 



Febr, 15. 
16. 
16. 

16. 

16. 

17. 

17. 
x8. 

19. 
19. 

19. 
19. 

20. 

20. 

23. 

23. 
24. 

35. 

25. 

25. 

25. 
25. 

25. 
26. 

27. 



/ J. </. 

Given at the Sacrament 00 01 00 

For going by water 00 00 06 

For M' [Stephen\ Marshall's Sermon, &c. . 00 00 06 
For a silver Can [as a gift to Trinity College^ 
weighing 18 oun. at $• 7* y* oun. & ingrav- 

ing my armes 05 03 00 

For a diamond ring with one great diamond 
cut like an heart & 14 other little ones set 

about it, which my Mother gave me . . 12 10 00 

The whole sum of this quarter is . 60 06 00 

For a pinte of sack ^ 00 00 08 

For fencing 3 daies 00 03 00 

For Machiavell's Disco[«]r[5«] up[^ T. 

LivLy] 00 02 04 

For a pa[/r] of bla[^i&] topps • with %o\ld\ & 

silv[^r] fring[^] 00 03 06 

For 6 pa. of linnen socks . . . . 00 03 00 

For mending my black sute . . . . 00 05 00 

For a pa. of halfe silk stockings * . . 00 09 06 

For inrolling a Recognizance . . . . 00 08 00 

For [Jokn] Cleveland [*j] Poems . . . 00 00 06 

For borrowing a lute one month . . . 00 02 06 

For a lute with a case to it . . . . 02 10 00 

For 2 dozen of small strings . . . . 00 03 00 

For going by water 00 00 06 

For ^ of a ya. of wrought sattin . . . 00 02 06 

For a pa. of perfumed gloves' . . . 00 02 06 

For 4 o\in[ces] of pouder for haire . . . 00 01 00 

Given at y® [month/y] Fast . . . . 00 01 00 
Given to my Writing Master for comming to 

me 7 times * 00 1 1 c6 

Paid to my Tailour for making my lead 

coulor cloath sute with points . . . 02 15 00 
Given to y* servants when I went to Cam- 
bridge* 00 13 00 

Paid for my diet for 14 weeks . . . 07 00 00 
For going by water 6* For carrying 2 boxes 

& a lute to y* Carryers 2* , . . . 00 02 06 

For a quart of sack, &c. . . . . 00 01 06 
Spent when 1 lay at Ware, setting up my 

horse [on the road to Cambridge^ . . 00 07 00 

For an home combe, &c 00 01 00 



* Cf. p. 83, Nov. 10. • Cf. p. 59, July I a. 

* Cf. p. 199, and n. 5 there, and p. 308, Aug. 36. 



' Cf. p. 84, Nov. 10. 



Cf. pp. 248, 349, July 23. 



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APPENDIX C 379 

i646-[7]. £ s. d. 

Mar. I. For carrying a box & a pa. of boots former[/^] 

to ljoin[don\ 00 04 00 

I. For hyring of an horse from 'LoTi[don\ hither 

[to Cambridge\ 00 08 00 

I. For bringing 2 boxes & a lute fro' London 8" 

For a i^[und'\ of candles 10^ 
4. For a pinte of burnt claret .... 

4. For candles for my Cizer ^ [a poor student who 

waited on a rich Fellow-Commoner] . 

5. For a pinte of burnt claret .... 

6. For Magirus his Phisicks 3* 6<^, a booke of 

Alex. Rosses 2* c^^ Colins his Ethicks i* 4^*, 
& Hall's Poems %\ for all vt*"^ I gave all 
Tullye's works w*'** I former/^ bought of 
him val[ir^^] at 6" (A^ & in mony 

7. For ioyning for a tart, a combrush ', &c. 
13. For a pound of candles ', &c 
13. For my {collegel commons 4 dayes 

19. Spent in horse hier, &c.y when I went to 

Newmar[>&^/] 00 

20. For new lining my [college] gowne 
22. For my diet when I was sick .... 

The sum of this account is . 

1647. 

Mar. 25. Given to my [r^r]woman for dressing up my 
Cizer*s ^ chambers 2 months & mine I month 

[at Trinity College] 00 

25. For a pound of sugar & a pitcher . . .00 

25. For a pou[if//] of raisins, &c 00 

26. For my commons, & sizing * y« 2^ month . 01 
For y« 3<* month, being absent . . .00 

26. To my landresse' formerly for washing 6 

weeks 00 

26. For my [college] chamber rent I quarter* . 01 

26. For my tuition I quarter* .... 02 

* Or Sizar, ft title equivalent to Servitor in Oxford, see n« 5, p. 107. Sizings seem 
to mean the same as iMitells ; in the original sense of the word, everything an under- 
graduate had besides his commons. So a commoner meant a man who paid for 
his commons, &c., while the batler or sizar only paid for his batells or sizings, 
receiving his commons gratis. 

* A comb brush is, according to N. E. /?., ' A brush to clean combs.' 
' Cf. Henry 6rougham*s accounts, pp. 107 sqq. 

* Compare Henry Brougham's accounts, pp. 107 sqq., and Henry Fleming*s, 
pp. a88 sqq. Brougham as a Commoner paid more than Henry Fleming, who 
was a Batler. See n. a, p. 107. 



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38o THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

1647. £ ^' ^' 

Mar. 26. For my commons, & sizing* y* i^ 2^ & 5* 
months of y* 2^ quarter, [when I was\ for 
y* most parte absent [from Cambruige\ • 00 14 06 
26. For my chamber rent i qua[r^ M' Boiler 
pay[/#r^] halfe [as he occupied U dmring my 
absence\ 00 

26. For my tuition that quarter .... 02 

27. For a pou[^] of candles, &c. . . .00 
29. Spent at the Sun 00 

29. For my diet halfe a weeke .... 00 
50. For washing my cloaths I month ' . . 00 

30. For making deane my watch • . .00 
3a For a racket 00 

ApriU I. For tenis balls i* Given to y* Porter 6** . 00 

1. For chese for y^ table 00 

2. For cheese when y* \F€ll4mHCOfnnumeri\ 

Combina[/iV?/f] was in my cham[^^ . . 00 

3. For a pa[i>'] of thinne wart shooes • . 00 
3. For a pou[;f^] of raisins .... 00 
6. Given to my Cizer for i quar. wages, M' Buller 

paying him 12" for y* other quarter . . 00 

8. For 21 ya. of 2* ribbon to trim my sute . . 00 

8. For £u[j]tachius his Summe of Philosophy*. 00 

9. For \rf Peter\ Heylin's Geography . . 00 
9. For \Rev, Daniel^ Dike on y* Heart . . 00 
9. For Sthalius his axioms ^ . . . .00 
9. For 2 paper books 00 

ID. Given to a woman for 2 dayes when I was 

sick \ai Cambridge] 00 

10. For a po. of candles, & a po. of raisins . . 00 

10. Given to D' Pratt for coming to me when 

I was sick ^ 00 

12. For a quart of creame 00 

12. For cheese for y* table 00 

13. For cakes & creame, &c 00 

17. For 50 turfes ....... 00 

19. For cheese for y* table 00 

19. Given to y* [college] cooke's bason • . 00 

20. For a poun[//] of sugar, & a po. of raisins . 00 

20. For candles for my Cizer * . . . .00 

21. For 2 pigeon pies, 4 cakes, & beere . . 00 
23. Given to a man that lost his boat . . .00 
23. For a pint of sack ', & 2 newes books ^ . .00 

' See n. I, p. 379. * CC Henry Broiigham*s accoants, pp. 107 sqq. 

* See D. 4, p. 334. * See n. 2, p. 322. • Cf. p. 314, Sept. ai. 

' Cf. p. 83, Nov. 10. ^ CC p. 54, April i8/and n. i there. 



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APPENDIX C 381 



^ 



1647. £ 

April! 29. For hiring an horse to Puckridge i day . 00 

29. Spent there for my dinner, setting my hor[j^] 

up, &c 00 

30. For a pinte of white wine .... 00 

30. For cheese for y* table 00 

30. For a pou. of candles 00 

May 4. For a pint of white wine .... 00 

6. For cheese for y« table 00 

7. For learning one month on y* lute . . .00 

8. For a pou. of raisins, & a beere glasse . . 00 
12. Spent at a creame house .... 00 
12. For 3 yards of black ribbon .... 00 

12. For a pint of white wine, &c 00 

15. For [-^r] Famabye's Grammar * . . . 00. 

1 5. For creame & whey at severall times . ' . 00 

16. For cheese for y« table 00 

18. For a pou. of candles, &c 00 

21. For a quart of creame, &c 00 

21. For vamping & colouring a pa. of boots . 00 

22. Given to a poore woman .... 00 

22. For going by water 00 

24. For a pint of wine, &c: 00 

25. Spent at a creame house, &c. . . .00 

25. For cheese for y« table 00 

28. For my diet hal[/] a week in M' Paston's 

chamber last lent 00 

June I. For a gooseberrye tart, & a quart of creame . 00 

3. For a goosberrye tart, & 2 quarts of creame . 00 

4. For a pound of sugar, &c. .... 00 

5. For candles for my Cizer .... 00 
8. For a po. of candles, anewes booke, &c. . 00 

10. For an horse 1 day, & spent by y* way . . 00 

11. For cheese for y« table, & 3 newes books, & 

whey 00 

12. For a pa. of Spanish leather shooes ' . .00 

15. For a chesse board & men .... 00 

16. For a cherrye tart, & a newes booke . . 00 

17. Given away at y* printing house . . .00 

17. For cheese for y® table 00 

18. For an horse to Newmarket .... 00 

18. For my dinner, & setting up my horse . . 00 

19. For newes bookes, & spent at y* New Garden 00 

23. Paid y* Apothecary his bill when I was sick ' 00 
23. For a pound of cherryes .... 00 

^ Sec n. a, p. 253. • C£ p. 91, May 5. 

' Cf. p. 314, Sept ai. 



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382 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

1647. £ s. (L 

June 24. Paid to my [^^ar-]woman for dressing up my 

[college] chamber 14 weeks • . 00 07 00 

24. Paid to y« [Mar-]wom[aii] for dres[«>f^] my 

Oiler's cham[^^] i quar[/^ 
24. For WcUebius his compendium of divinity . 

24. Paid for bringing & sending lett' this quarter 

The whole sum of this quarter is . 16 1 5 06 

June 25. For my commons & sizing y^ i, 2, & 3 months 

of y* 3*** qua[r/^r] * 06 16 06 

25. For my chamber rent i quarter * . . . 01 00 00 
25. For my tuition I quarter * . . . . 02 00 00 
25. Paid to my Cizer * for l quar. wages . . 00 10 00 
25. To my Laundresse for washing my linnen 

14 weeks' 00 07 00 

25, For [George] Sands his Travells . . . 00 06 06 

25. For Sir Francis Bacon's Essaies . . . 00 03 00 

25. For [Thomas] Rogers on Faith . . . 00 01 06 

25. For Amesius [^^v. Pf^u4w^j] deconscientii 00 02 04 

26. For Amesius his Medulla [ Theologica] . . 00 02 00 
26. For an horse to Boxworth • . . . 00 02 00 
26. Given to my Uncle's man . . • . 00 00 06 

• 27. For cheese for y« table 00 00 06 

28. For a qua. of creame, & whey at sev. tim[^j] . 00 01 00 

28. For 4 pound of cherryes . . . . 00 01 06 

28. For hal. po. of sugar & a qua. of whi[/^] wine 00 01 04 

28. Given to y* Library Keeper . . . . 00 01 00 

29. For a dinner when M' Bearcroft dined in my 

chamber [at Trinity College] , . . 00 05 04 
29. For mending my sute & my gowne . • 00 03 00 
29. For [Gerard John] Vossius' Rhetorick . . 00 01 10 
29. For Amesius his Catechisme . . . . 00 01 06 

29. For Burger. Idea philo.* & Coll. Phisicum . 00 03 08 
29. To y* Barbour for trimming me 18 weeks ^ . 00 04 00 
29. For cording my trunck & carri. it to y« Car* •. 00 00 06 
29. For learning one mon[M] on y® Lute . . 00 10 00 
29. For fretting my Lute . . . • . 00 01 00 
29. For Plutarch his Moralls, £ng[//>^] sec[^7if^] 

ha[/^ . . .... 01 05 00 

July I. For candles for my Cizer, & given to my 
[college char-]yfo[man] .... 

I. For hiring an horse fro' Camb. to ScsLdb[ury] 

1. Spent by y* way in dinner, sett up horse, &c. 

2. For a sett of chesse men .... 

' Sec n. 4, p. 379. • Sec n. i, p. 379. 

' Cf. Henry Brougham's acconnts, pp. 107 sqq. 

• See n. 3, p. 251. » CL p. 349, Jnly aj. 



00 


01 


00 


00 


10 


00 


00 


04 


06 


00 


02 


00 



o8 


06 


02 


06 


04 


00 


00 


06 


02 


06 


02 


00 


01 


00 


01 


00 


00 


06 


01 


00 


01 


04 


00 


04 


14 


00 


07 


00 


02 


06 


00 


06 



APPENDIX C 383 

1647. £ s. d. 

July 5. For bring, my trunck & lute fro* Q^m[bridge\ 

h\\ther to Scadbury\ 00 

5. Given to Roger for going 3 daies to Lon. . 00 

6. For my dinner, & sett[i>i^] up horse at 

Cashol[/<7if] cx> 

8. Given to Tobye Manning's man . . .00 

9. Given to Ned Natt for recev. my mony . . 00 
10. Given to my \iXQ\ther Tkomas] Walsing- 

[kam^s] child's nurse 00 

13. For going and comming by water . . .00 
13. For 4 little books concern, y* times . . 00 

15. For pouder & shott 00 

19. For going & comming by water . . .00 
19. For my dinner & sett[i>f^] up my horse . cx> 
19. For a pa[/r] gesses for a Sparr[<?zcf] hawke . 00 
19. For 4 pa. ofplaine boothose .... 00 
19. For 2 pa. of thred stirrop hose . . .00 
19. For a pa. of perfumed gloves .... 00 
19. For 3 yar. of black ribbon . ... 00 
19. For 8 ya. of serge at 4* 6* ya. for a sutc & 

cloake 01 16 00 

19. For an ell, quar[/^ & halfe [a quarier\ of 

tafia, at 12* ell, to line . . . . 00 16 06 
19. For 4 dozen & hal[/] of little silver lace, 
weighing 10 ounces & a lit[//if] over, at 

4« 8** y* ounce 02 

22. For going & comming by water . . .00 
22. For 3 pa. of plaine boothose . . . . 00 
22. For 2 pa. of threed stirrop hose ^ . . .00 

22. For 2 pa. of gloves cx> 

22. For 8 ya. of coloured ribbon .... 00 

22. For black ribbon 00 

22. For a gray cloath saddle with a sadd. cloath, 
horse cloath, bridle, stirrops, girts, sus- 
cingle, halter, and pad to it . • .01 
26. For a pa. of stirrops & stirrop leathers . . 00 
26. For a mash for my gelding ... .00 
26. For a browne mare bought of my bro[/^r] 
Walsingham, to breed w*** all, covered w*^ 
Roan . 09 

26. Giveh to his groome 00 

27. For a quarter of oats 00 

27. For a drinck for my geldinge .... 00 

31. For trimming me cx> 

31. For bringing a pa. of boots fro* CambnVa^^ . 00 

^ Cf. p. 83, Nov. 10, and n. 8 tbere« 



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06 


10 


06 


07 


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04 


06 


04 


00 


02 


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17 


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03 


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06 


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18 


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c6 


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06 



3^4 



THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 



1647. 

July 31. 
August II. 

19. 
19. 
19. 
19. 
19. 
19. 
19- 

19. 
19. 

33. 

a8. 
September 4. 

4. 

6. 
6. 

10. 

II. 
II. 

13. 
16. 

19. 
20. 

22. 

22. 
22. 
22. 

23- 
24. 



Given to Roger for going to London 

For halfe a quarter of oats 

For going & comming by water 

For setting up my horse, &c . 

For a penknife, & an home comb 

For a pa. of rideing spurrs 

For a whipp ^ . 

For a pa. of red serge topps . 

For a pa. of gray wosted stockings 

For a pa. of black Span[tr<^] leather shooes ' . 

For a pa. of thinne waxt boots 

Spent at Grins ted when I went to Hawland 
[Sir Thomas PelhanCs residence^ 

Given away when I lay at M*^ Hewett^ . 

Given away at S' Tho. Pelham's . 

Spent at Godstone when I came fro* Haw- 
land 

Given to my bro. Walsingham's groome 

For stuffing my saddle, & oats in y* ibrrest, 
&c 

Given away when I lay at my Unc[/^] Bourn's 
\in E5sex\ 

For 2 drinks for my gelding .... 

Given away to Daniell 

Given away at Sir Jo. Tonstall's . 

For 2 ounces of pouder for haire' . 

Given to a briefe* 

Spent when I went to Richmond . 

For going & com'ing by water, & setting up 
my horse 

For a pa. of tan'd gloves, & powder for haire 

For a shag hat & band 

For pamphlets 

For a quarter of oats 

For a curry comb, bnish, & dzers . 

For mending my saddle .... 

The whole sum of this quarter is . 

September 3a For going & comming by water . 
October i. For a frock for my foot boy .... 
4. For going by water 3 times .... 



£» J. d, 

00 01 00 

00 09 00 

00 01 00 

00 01 00 

00 01 03 

00 02 02 

00 02 08 

00 06 00 

00 06 06 

00 04 00 

00 12 06 

00 04 00 

00 05 00 

00 16 00 

00 02 06 

00 02 06 

00 02 06 

00 03 00 

00 02 06 

00 02 06 

00 01 00 

00 01 00 

00 01 00 

00 01 06 

00 01 08 

00 02 00 

00 06 00 

00 00 06 

00 15 06 

CO 03 00 

00 01 06 

42 15 05 

00 01 00 

00 04 00 

00 01 06 



" QL p. 91, May 5. 



* Cf, jk 6a, Aug. 31. 
» Cf- p. 65, Sept aa, 

* A letter patent issued by the soreieign ms Head of the Chorch, licensing a 
coUectioD in the churches throughout Fngland for a specified object of charity; 
oUed atoo a CisrcA ^ni/or Am^i Z^^Xcr. A:£:/).,s.t. 



APPENDIX C 



385 



1647. 
October 4. 

7. 
II. 

II. 

II. 

II. 

13. 

14. 

16. 
16. 

18. 

31. 
32. 

23- 

25- 
26. 

27. 

28. 

28. 

29. 

30. 

Novem. 3. 

4. 

5. 
8. 

8. 

II. 

13. 
15. 
15. 
15. 
15- 
17. 
18. 

18. 
19. 

23. 



For 3 pa. of threed ancle socks . . .00 

Given to my boy when he went to London . 00 

For going by water, & setting up my horse . 00 

For 4 pa. of linnen socks .... 00 

For 6 bands, & 6 pa. of cuffs for my boy . 00 

For new dying ray hat ^ 00 

For a bridle & snafell 00 

For dying, dressing, facing, & making up my 

doake 00 

Spent when I saw y^ great ship . . .00 

For keeping 2 horses at Rochester 2 dayes . 00 

Given to my boy 00 

Given away when I saw y* Cathedral! at 

Canter[^rK]' 00 

For 9 Harveldowne Cans, 3 of Tameriske, & 

6 of yew 15" For 2 male girts i* . .00 

Spent at Dover 00 

Spent at Deale when I went on shipboard . 00 
Given away at Langdon [cousin Richard 

Master's] 00 

For shooing & removing 2 horses . . .00 

Given away at M' Edolph's [5* Radegund^s'], 00 

Given at y« [monthly] Fast .... 00 

Given away at [uncle] S' Edward Master's . 00 

Spent when I lay at Maidstone i night . . 00 

Spent at Rochester 00 

For 3 po. of shott, & halfe a po. of powder . co 

Given away at M' Dell's .... 00 

For halfe a qua. of oats, yt^^ I had formerly . 00 

For halfe a qua. of oats 00 

For going by water & sett, up my horse . 00 

For severall boo[/'j] concem[/«^] y« times . 00 

For a pa. of waxt shooes .... 00 

For a freeze coat for my boy . ... 00 

For going by water & setting up my horse . 00 

For severall boo[>tj] concerning y* times . 00 

For 4 ya. of gray cloath to make me a cloake 02 

For 2 ya. of browne cloath to make me a sute 01 
Given at M"^ GoldwelPs . . " . . .00 

For going by water & setting up my horse . 00 

For a boo[^] called y« Case of y* King, &c. . 00 
For shooing my 2 horses fro* y* I of July till 

y* 19 of Nov 00 

For a quarter of oats 00 



s. 


d. 


04 


06 


01 


06 


01 


03 


02 


00 


07 


00 


01 


00 


02 


06 


14 


CO 


02 


06 


05 


06 


01 


00 



02 CO 



16 


00 


04 


06 


12 


CO 


08 


00 


01 


09 


01 


CO 


00 


06 


10 


00 


07 


00 


02 


00 


01 


00 


00 


06 


09 


00 


08 


06 


01 


04 


01 


04 


03 


06 


10 


00 


01 


06 


00 


06 


16 


00 


10 


00 


CO 


06 


02 


06 


00 


06 


09 


CO 


18 


CO 



* Cf. p. 54, Apr. 20. 



" Cf. p. 83, Oct 28. 



C C 



386 THE FLEMINGS IN OXFORD 

1647. £ s. d, 
Novem. 25. For a tall black gelding w*** a white starre in 

his forehead & 2 white feete behind, bought 

of M' Rob. King of Wiltshire . . . 20 00 00 

December 2. For 3 pa. of shooes for my footbo