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Aiitliurium Sclici7.eri:\mini 349 

Aquilegia Pvrenaica 32 i 

Auricula, IVter CaiupbtfU 3-11 

Begonia Boliveiisis 348 

Begonia Veitcliii 3G5 

Bertolonia fuittata 347 

Camellia, Ducliosse dc Nassau 346 

Camellia, Mrs. Dombrain 330 

Carnations, True Blue and Eccentric 369 

Cattlcya Brabanti;e 360 

Cattleya, Dominiana alba 367 

Chrysanthemums, Lady Talfourd anil Purpurea Elegans 338 

Chrysanthennuns, Tonipon : St. Michael, Countess, Madge Wildfire . . . .331 

Coleus Gibsouii 338 

Coleus Yeitchii 345 

Cyclamen, varieties of Persian 339 

Dahlia, Flambeau 326 

Dendrobium Bensonim 3.55 

Foxglove, New Spotted, Beauty of Dorking 358 

Geranium, Zonalc, ]\Iiss Martin 332 

Gladioli, Adolphe Brongniart and Newton 363, 364 

Gloxinias, Madame de Sniet, Prince Teck, and Rose d'Aniour 356 

Hippcastram Pardinum 344 

Iresine Herbstii, Aurco-reticulata 333 

Jasmine, Golden-variegated 327 

Lfelia Albida, var. Rosea 335 

LiBlia Pilcheri 340 

Lantanas, Julius Ca'sar, Adolphe llivass 368 

Odontoglossuni Akxaudnc 343 

Odontoglossum Maculosum 348 

Pansics, Fancy 324 

Pelargonium, Double-flowered, Prince of Novelties 357 



Pelargonium, Nosegay, Emmeliiie 352 

Pelai-gouium, Tricolor-leaved, Meteor 321 

Pelargoniums, Heirloom and Victor 362 

Pelargoniums, Milton and Negress 334 

Eose, Antoiue Ducher . . . ' 361 

Hose, Hyljrid Perpetual, Nnjioleoii III 323 

Hose, Miss Ingram 353 

Eose, Tea-scented, Madame Margottin 351 

Soplironitis Grandiflora, var 329 

Tapeinotes CarolinEe 336 

Thunbergia Fragrans 325 

Tulips, varieties of early 342 

Verbena, Lady of Langlebury 337 

Verbenas, Thomas Harris, Miss Tm-uer, and Interesting 366 

Viola Pedata 350 


Jjindrews.delet Iith 

^^cenL Brooks . Imp 

Plate 321. 


There is not probably in the whole range of novelties and so- 
callefl novelties which have been produced during- the past few 
years, one that has been so universally successful as that now 
well-known and widely distributed Pelargonium, liFrs. Pollock ; 
as a pot plant or a bedder it is equally prized ; at this season 
of the year, if properly managed, it tends to make the green- 
house gay with its brilliant coloured foliage ; while in the 
s\immer, its appearance as a bedded plant, when well managed, 
is all that can be desired. The magnificent beds of it at Hattersea 
Park sufficiently justify the praise which has been bestowed 
upon it. 

In the various horticultural periodicals, a good deal has 
been said about the growth of this style of plant, some insist- 
ing that it requires peculiar care, and others that it requires 
no more than the hardiest Tom Thumb ; the truth we believe to 
lie between these two extremes. There can bo little doubt, 
we think, that it will flourish best in a light and rich soil, 
where the bed is thoroughly well drained, with brick rubbish, 
etc., so that in strong clay soils with inefficient drainage, it 
will be necessary both to make the compost and also to drain 
well ; in pots, the best situation for them is under sashes, laid 
f)n frames, with plenty of air iniderneatli, but sheltered from 
severe winds. 

The success of Mrs. Pollock has led hybridizers to pay great 
attention to this class, in the hope of rivalling or even excel- 
ling that favourite variety; from all parts of England we hear 
of the success that has attended these efforts. Messrs. Wills, of 

Iluntroyde, Groom, of Ipswicli, vSniith, of Dulwicli, Chater, of 
Cambridge, Henderson, of St. Jolm's Wood, and last, not least, 
Mr. Saltmarsli, of Clielmsford, have each to record success. 
AVith the latter we have now to do, as Meteor, one of the results 
of his success, is the subject of the present Plate. A com- 
parison of this with our figure oi Mrs. PoUocJc (Plate 101), will 
at once show the greater brilliancy of colour that Meteor 
possesses : the dark brownish-crimson zone is much more 
decided, and the scarlet zone does not run so much into it as 
in the older variety ; it deservedly received a tirst-class certi- 
ficate from the Royal Horticultural Society, and will be let out 
in the spring with other ^ arieties of the same raiser. 


J Andrews, oLel. etTitli. 

Vincent Brooks, Imp 

Plate 322. 

Amongst the herbaceous plants, which were formerly much 
more sought after than they are at present, the race of C\)lura- 
binos was always a favourite one ; in the gardens of the labourer 
and the cottager, as well as in those of the wealthy, plants of 
some of the species were to be found, whereas now, many of 
thorn are banished to make way for other more showy plants. 
Tlie lovers of herbaceous plants still cherisli a hope of seeing a 
revival of interest, and many of them are going to considerable 
expense and trouble in not only cultivating the old varieties, 
but in introducing now ones. Foremost amongst these, we think 
we may place Messrs. Backhouse and Son, of York, to whom we 
arc indebted for the opportunity of figuring the exquisite little 
gem, Aquilef/ia pyrenaica. 

AMion we remember the size to which some of the Columbines 
attain, their handsome and luxuriant foliage, and their tall 
flower-stems, the idea of one which when in flower does not 
exceed nine inches in height seems at first sight unlikely to be 
realized ; but such is the case in the little gem we now figure, 
which we do not introduce as a novelty, for it has been known 
for years, but as a plant though known, either forgotten, or not 
by any means receiving the attention that it deserves. It 
delights, we believe, in ^arm and sheltered situations, and 
grows in the sandy detritus of the rocks ; these matteis will 
haN-e to be studied in the cultivation of the plant, for we 
believe some have found a difficulty in growing it on this 
account. It will be seen that the foliage is very small, hardly 
suggesting the idea of an Aquilegia, or of the very fairly-sized 
flowers wliicli it produces, which are of a delicate pale lavender- 
blue, and are freely produced, considering the size of th(> plant. 

Besides the species now figured, Aquilegia cdpina, with large 
purplish-bhie flowers, witli white centre, growing about fifteen 
inches high ; Arjuilegia f/hnululosa, a well-known and beautiful 
variety ; Aquileqia fragrans, with pale lemon-coloured flowers, 
and Aquilcgia Vcrvuenana, with variegated foliage, — will be 
found well worthy of cultivation. 


J Andrews . del et lith 

Tmcent Brooks , Imu 

Plate 323. 

Among the " suimyiiiemorit's " of 186G, arc two days we 
spent, one at Lyons, the other at Vitry, near Paris, for the 
purpose of inspecting the novelties amongst Roses, coming out 
in the autumn. We were fortiniatc^ in both cases in being- 
favoured with fine weather, before the excessive heat had de- 
stroyed the beauty of the bloom. 

At Lyons, we were much interested in seeing, for the first 
time, gardens long known to us by fame, viz. those of T^acharme, 
Guillot _/'76', Gonod, and Duclier, and in looking at tiie new 
Roses they were about to send out from their establishments, — 
T/iorin, from Lacharme, the celebrated raiser of Charles Le- 
febcre ; Horace Venief, H. P., and Madame Marrjotfin, Bonton 
(VOr, and Madame lircmoml (Tea Roses), from Guillot Jils ; 
Gloire de Montplaisir, Madame Reval, and Madame Anna 
Buf/nrf, from Gonod ; and ylnfoine Bucher, Madame Pulliat, 
Madeleine Xorrin, Monsieur Plainsanfon, and Ville de Lyon, 
from Ducher ; and we have very little fear that their deservedly 
high reputation will be sustained by the productions of this 
year, for nothing could be more beautiful than some of those 
enumerated above ; and considering the number of good Roses 
tliat have emanated from a city which certainly to a stranger 
does not seem a particularly favourable one for flowers, it may 
well claim to being the ferre des roses, that some of its admirers 
say it is. On our return to Paris, we were equally fortunate in 
our visit to M. Eugene Verdier's grounds, at Vitry, and \vliere, 
amongst a number of brilliant Roses, both of last year and the 
present, we were at once struck with the brilliant colouring 
and general appearance of the fine Rose now figured ; we secured 
blooms of it, and it is now faithfully, as far as possible, por- 

trayed by Mr. Andrews. A Rose must be sometliing remark- 
able when it sliines out amongst a number of others of the 
same colour, and tliis was the case with the Rose in question ; 
it is evidently of the General Jacqiieminof class, although fuller 
than tliat Rose, and more intense in its scarlet ; the habit is also 
good, and we are very much mistaken if it will not prove to 
be one of the most valuable Roses of the present year. 


■Vndrews, del et Hth 

Vincent Brooks , Imp. 

Plate 32i. 

Although the past few years have been unfavourable to the 
growth of Pausies in the south of England, the Scotch florists 
have continued their labours and have been very successful, 
esjiccially in the Fancy class, in improving the shajie and sub- 
stance of a class of flowers which, from their peculiarity of 
colouring, will have perhaps a larger number of admirers than 
those which are better known as florists' flowers. 

But it is not in this respect alone that the Fancy Pansy is 
likely to be a favourite ; the reproach that has for some time 
been brought against our flower gardens, that we endure nine 
nioullis of disorder en- barrenness for three months of beauty, 
is fast being done away with. Mr. Fleming, of Cliveden, has 
shown how it is possible to have the parterre interesting during 
winter, and brilliant in spring, as well as gorgeous in summer. 
For this pur])ose, amongst other things, the Pansy has been 
largely used, and one of those which we now figure. Imperial 
Blue (Fig. o), will, we believe, prove to be a most valuable 
variety for that purpose ; it was exhibited by Mr. Laing, of the 
firm of Downie, Laird, and Laing, of Stanstead Park, Forest 
Hill, S.E., several times last year, and was very generally ad- 
mired ; it is strong in habit, abundant in blooming, and differing 
in shade of colour from any blue Pansy we have, while the in- 
tense black blotch and eyes make it very distinct. Besides this, 
we have figured TJiomas Downie (Fig. 1), a white-ground flower, 
with deep purple blotches, and a fringe of purplish pencilling 
proceeding from the blotches towards the border of the petals ; 
the upper petals are veined at the base with a light feathery- 
looking blotch. Miss J. Kay (Fig. 2), the lower petals of which 
are bright yellow, with very large crimson maroon blotches ; the 

upper petals are of magenta, with dark blotch and very narrow 
yellow lacmg. Hugh Jdair (Fig. 4) is a white ground flower, 
of exceeding purity and beauty, perfect in shape, and having a 
large blotch on each of the lower petals, of a dark mauve co- 
lour, the edges of the blotch being regularly vandyked ; the 
upper petals are bright magenta, shaded and veined with a 
dark tint of the same colour, and with a yellow eye. These 
are all from the collection of Messrs. Downie, Laird, and Laing, 
and bear witness to the great success which has attended their 


J Andrews , del at lith 

Tincent Brooks , Imp 

Plate 3257 

Tt is no\i' some years since we figured one of the nnmerous 
varieties of this <^n(l autumnal flower; and altliongh the 
Dahlia lias shared the fate of many a florist's flower, in heing 
put into the background, because the inexorable demands of 
tlie " bedder out " could not And a place for it, — yet we feel 
that it is one so w(>ll deserving of cultivation, tiiat we have 
had again recourse to Mr. Turner's productions, and have 
figured this very beautiful variety, which has obtained a certi- 
ficate of merit from the Floral Committee of tlie Ilo3al Horti- 
cultural Society, and is likely to be one of the most remarkable 
flowers of the season. 

The past season has been so very unfavourable for many of 
the usual occupants of the flower-garden, that more attention 
has been paid to the Dalilia ; and a writer in a contemporary, 
while deploring that the Scarlet (jleraniums were a washy pink, 
Calceolarias completely toned down by the quantity of foliage, 
Verbenas utterly useless, and Hollyhocks glued to the stakes 
to \vlii( li they were tied, — said that yet the Dahlia was unin- 
jured, the pride and ornament of the autumnal garden, and sug- 
gests a freer use of it for decorative purposes ; to whicli we can 
add our own testimony, that on paying a visit to The Denbies, 
near Dorking, tlie well-known seat of Mrs. Cubitt, we were 
mucli struck with a border of Dahlias which Mr. Drewett had 
arranged in front of the long line of glass arcades, wliich form 
so distinguishing a feature of the place. 

It is not, however, as a bedding Dahlia that we bespeak 
attention to FJamhemi, but as a remarkably fine exhibition 
fiower, of fine build and good quality ; its colour is a rich 
deep chrome yellow, heavily edged and tipped with scarlet lake, 

a new and most, novel flower, with high close centre. The first 
yellow-ground Dahlia that has been at all constant ; the fault 
generally being the great inicertainty of this most attractive 
class. It is Init three feet high, and equally effective for the 
garden and exhibition. 


J Aadrevfs, lith 

%icenL £roo3s3 , Imp, 

Plate 32&. 

Several species of this genus of stove-climbing plants are 
already well known, and extensively cultivated, more especially 
T. alafa, and its varieties niafa aJhn and alata aurmifiaca ; b\it 
as for as usefulness is concerned, we tliink they must give place 
to the species now figured, which, although very similar to the 
old Thunbenjia fragrans, is, we believe, distinct. 

"^^'e shall allow its introducer, Mr. B. S. "Williams, of the 
^'ictoria Nursery, IIoll()\\ay, to speak for himself concerning 
it ; he says that he " believes this to be the most useful plant 
he has ever had the pleasure of offering, the whole character 
being quite distinct from any other Thuuhergia ; and whether 
grown as a p()t-[)h^nt, ov planted in tlie border for covering 
pillars or trellis-work, it will be invaluable ; being free in 
growtli, with ample foliage of a dark-green, with great sub- 
stance. It continues flowering tlironghont the year, but its 
principal period is during the winter moiitlis, a time when 
white flowers arc scarce ; although grown in a warm stmc, it 
has never shown any signs of red spider, a most important 
feature in this cl.ass of jdants." 

During the present winter wo have paid two visits to Mr. 
Williams's Nursery, and, in botli instances, found this plant in 
bloom, bearing out tlie character he has given of it. It is well 
known that it is almost impossible to meet the demands for 
\\hitc flowers in the winter months ; and as they are indispen- 
sable for bridal bouquets, everything that can be added to the 
already limited number of white winter-flowering plants is a de- 
sideratum gained. It is well known that one eminent raiser of 
forced flowers, near Paris, has acquired considerable wealth. 

and obtained a name, for the ingenious manner in which he 
makes the common Lih\c produce white flowers ; and the free- 
ness of flowering slio\\ n by the plant now figured, will make it 
very valuable fen' such purposes.* 

* "We here add a note from its introducer: — " I have always considered it 
a distinct variety from T.frpgrans; the Floral Committee who adjudicated it 
a ceriificate found it to differ from the true one in the form of the leaf: the 
leaf of this variety is more fleshy, and far less spear-shajjed." The flower we 
believe is also lar<rer. 


j^^gf" 'ij^-^^ 

■■- yrf 


ir T"--^ 


- :-r:tM. m^ ^ 

J. ilndrews , del et Ltii 

Tmcent Brooks , Imp'. 

Plate 327. 

Althou'fh some doubts were ontcrtaiiunl wlicn this plant was 
exhibited before the Floral Committee of the Royal Horticul- 
tural Society, as to whetlier it was a new plant or not, we 
have no hesitation in according it a place in our magazine, 
believing that in the anxiety that now exists to obtain variegated 
foliage of all kinds, it will be found useful in many ways. 

There can be no doubt that the Floral Committee was right 
in decidhig that a form of Golden Variegated Jasmine was 
known many years ago, as we believe tliat specimens of it were 
brought forward at one of their subsequent meetings ; but this 
especial form is certainly new, for we are informed by tlie firm 
of Messrs. E. P. Francis and Co., of Hertford, by whom it was 
exhibited, that it was " a seedling from amongst a lot of seed 
sown three or four years ago, and has maintained its variega- 
tion ever since ; sported forms of this Jasmine have been 
known, but have ne^'er been known to keep their variegation 
constant ; but in the present one it has never departed from 
it ; even the thick stem is marked ; it is very free in growtli ; 
the flowers are borne in great profusion, and are remarkably 
sweet, and the plant is perfectly hardy." 

Hardy climbers, with variegated foliage, are always likely to 
be found useful, the introduction of the (njhlen Varicf/afcd 
Honeysuckle, of Japan, has already put us in possession of a 
very beautiful one ; and the Jasmine, so universal a favourite, 
with its variegated form, will be found a lifting companion for it, 
reqmring notliing but the most ordinary care, and growing 
with the greatest freedom, ^^'e are informed by the raisers of 
it that they will not be able to send it out until the spring of 

next year, as already it is so much sought after, that they are 
desirous of obtaining a large stock of it before doing so, and 
in the mean time we doubt not there will be many opportuni- 
ties afibrded of seeing its value as an ornamental climber. 



"Vincent Brooks , Imp . 

Plate 328. 


AVhatever neglect may liavc overtaken etlier florists' flowers, 
there seems to be very little fear of the Chrysanthemum being 
passed over. It comes into bloom at a time of the year when 
the beauty of the garden is past, and when flowers are conse- 
quently scarce; it also so readily adapts itself to the varying" 
circumstances under whicli it is grown, being as much at home 
in the smoky purlieus of London, as in the pure atmosphere of 
the country ; it is so easily propagated, and bears the exposure 
to all kinds of weather so well, tliat even if less beautiful than 
it is, it would still merit the favour in whicli it is held ; con- 
sequently we are no way surprised to hear tliat it is yearly 
increasing in favour, and that the new varieties are so much 
sought after, that there is great difficulty in meeting the de- 

We are, as usual, indebted to the very extensive collection 
of Mr. John Salter, of the Versailles Nursery, Hammersmith, 
to whom we owe, with very few exceptions, all the novelties 
that have been introduced for many years, for the blooms 
whicli we now figure. We paid a somewhat lengthened visit 
to his winter-garden in November last, and from amongst a 
number of varieties selected these. Incurved flowers ha\e now 
attained to such perfection, that w^e think the attention of 
raisers will In- directed more to the rcfle.xed flowers, and that 
probably Mr. Fortune's introductions from Japan, of whicli very 
little use has as yet been made, will be found useful for the 
purposes of hybridizing. 

Of the varieties now figured, Lady Talfonrd (Fig. 1) is a 
beautifully incurved flower, of a delicate rosy lilac, well up in 
the centre, and showing that beautifully symmetrical form so 
earnestly desired by exhibitors ; we have no doubt that it will 
be found in many winning stands at our next autumnal exhi- 
bitions. It is also a plant of excellent habit, and was awarded 
a first-class certificate by the Floral Committee on Nov. 20, 
18GG. Purpurea elecjans (Fig. "2) is of an entirely new shade of 
colour, being a beautiful deep purple-violet ; the flower is of a 
rosette form, not incurved, and very compact ; the habit of the 
plant is good, and it will make an excellent conservatory plant. 


JAridrews, del et lith 

"Vincent Brooks , imp 

Plate 329. 

Higli-coloured flowers arc not rommon in the very varied 
and lovely tribe to which the subject of our present Plate be- 
longs. "While rich in all tlie shades of blue, lilac, and yellow, 
and containing some of the loveliest white flowers in the whole 
realm of Flora, scarlet flowers are comparatively scarce ; in- 
deed, as a rule, the Orchid attracts us more by the singularity 
of its form, the delicacy of its tints, or the strength of its per- 
fume, than by tlie brilliancy of its colouring ; hence SophrO' 
nifis (jrandijtora, though in itself small, is much valued for its 

Sophronitis grandijlora, like many of the Orcliid family, is 
to be found, in some cases, differing from its normal character ; 
thus in the variety we now figure, the leaves are considerably 
longer than in the variety usually grown ; and in some that we 
have seen there is a diff"erence in the shade of colour ; but no 
very remarkable departure, in any case, has been noted ; and 
our object in selecting the variety now figured, is to bring 
under the notice of a class of orchid-growers which has arisen 
of late years, a valuable and easily-managed plant. 

"NVe saw this variety in bloom at Mr. "Williams's, at the Vic- 
toria Nursery, ITnlloway. and are indebted to liim, both for tlie 
opportunity of figuring it, and for the following note on its 
culture : — " It is a very free blooming plant, and is best grown 
on a block of wood (as shown in the Plate) suspended from the 
roof of the house, Avith a good supply of water at the roots ; 
this is best done by syringing the block once or twice a day in 
warm weather, but in winter less will suflfice ; the temperature 
of a cool house will suit it best, and as near the glass as pos- 
sible, so that it may make strong growtli." So much lias been 

said on the subject of the cool-house treatment, that there is 
no need to enter ujion it liere, but merely to add that a " cool- 
house " is a comj)arative term, and if it is imagined that 
Orchids can be grown under the same conditions as a Pelar- 
gonium, as some seem to imagine, a \ery great mistake is 
committed. We may add that in addition to its other claims, 
Sophronifis qrandijlora is an autumn and winter- blooming 


\ adrews, del et ttii . 


Plate 330. 

We are indebted to the distinguished hcnticulturist M. Ani- 
broise VerschafFclt, of Ghent, for the opportunity of figuring 
this very charming addition to (his universally admired class 
of flowers. He is well known as not only one of the most 
spirited and enterprising of the Belgian nurserymen, but 
especially for the great attention he has paid to the cultiva- 
tion of the Camellia, and for the many new kinds he has 
introduced ; his ' Icouograpliie des Camellias,' now comprising 
many volumes, devoted solely to figures and descrijitions of his 
favourite fiower, will long remain a monument of his zeal and 

In some of the newer kinds of Camellias, we meet with 
flowers composed of very large petals, comparatively few in 
number ; and these have, perhaps, the more noble appearance, 
while, on the other hand, we have those composed of a number 
of smaller petals, biit thoroughly imbricated, and these are 
probably the most generally admired ; such exqiiisitely-formed 
flowers as Sarah Frost and Rcinc des Beautes will have a greater 
number of admirers than such flowers as Mathotiana and Coun- 
tess of Orkney ; and it is to this small-petaled division that 
Mrs. iJomhrain belongs. 

The complaint, which is often made, that new varieties of 
Camellias present no novelty, will not, as has been oliserved by 
the editor of ' L'lllustraticm Ilorticole,' be made against the va- 
riety now figured ; it is a beautifully delicate pink, margined 
\\\{\\ white, and is really no\el in character ; it was raised by 
a distinguished Belgian amateur, and has been introduced to 
tlie iiul)lic. during the past autumn, l)y M. A. Verschaffelt. into 

whose hands it passed. The foliage is also somewhat peculiar, 
the leaves heing- more pointed than in many of the varieties 
known, and luuing very frequently, as shown in the figure, one 
side of the leaf larger than tlie other. 



?j?^y ■ ■>''"'i^<'^' 

Andrews . deLet lith 

Tmcent Broota , Imp , 

Plate 331. 

This interesting- cLiss of plants is becoming more than ever 
popular and useful, for many of the varieties obtained now 
bloom so late, that the period of bloominc; is greatly prolonged, 
and hence their value as decorative plants greatly increased. 
We have again had recourse to the extensive collection of jNIr. 
John Salter, of the Versailles Nursery, Hammersmith, for the 
subjects of our present Plate. 

The past season was a very favourable one for the out-door 
blooming of the Chrysanthemum ; early frosts did not interfere 
witli t!icm,and they continued in great beauty until Christmas; 
thus we never saw Mr. .Salter's collection in grcniter perfection 
than it was this year, and that in a situation where frost is 
very severely felt. Hence we were enabled to see what va- 
rieties are most suited for out-of-door purposes, and subjoin a 
list of those in the Pompon class which we think will give 
every satisfaction : — Andromeda, Jitix-ole, Aurore Borcale, Bijou 
d' Horticulture, Capella, Citronella, Comte AchiUe Vi(/ier, Burujlet, 
Fairest of the Fair, Francois I", Golden Aurore, Julia Engelhach, 
La Voffue, Lizzie Ilohnes, Lucinda, Madame Fould, Marabout, 
Mademoiselle Marti te, Minnie Warren, Mrs. Ui.r, President 
Decaisne, Rose Trevenna, Salamon, Little Gem, Trophee, and 
Wliite Trevenna. 

The flowers figurfnl in our Plate are Saint Michael (Fig. 1), 
very bright golden-yellow, equal in colour to Jardin des I'lan/cs 
and what is called a full-sized Pompon ; the habit is dwarf and 
the plant very fine. The Countess (Fig. 2) is a cliarming little 
miniature Poni])nn, blush, tinted lilac, flowering in compact 
little bouquets, and sure to be very attractive to ladies; it will 

also be a very good one for cutting for nosegays, a service for 
which the Chrysanthemum is largely used. Madge Wildjire 
(Fig. 3), a vivid red with large golden tips, distinct and novel 
in colour, and very pleasing. 


Plate 332. 

Wo arc "convinced, tliat althougli we liave recently figured one 
or two Geraniums in the Zonalc or bedding class, no apology will 
be needed by our subscribers for bringing before them the very 
beautiful variety we now figure, for there is no class of flowers 
more popular at the present day than they are. As Miss Mnrtin 
has been raised by a cultivator comparatively unknown, we think 
it best to let him give the particulars of his success himself, as 
related in a note by whicli we have been kindly fixvf)ured. 

" I commenced," says Mr. Groom, of Ipswich, " hybridizing 
Geraniums about twelve years ago, working with the choicest 
varieties then out. The quantity raised by me every year is 
between 2000 and 3000 ; from these I select not more than six 
plants, which I consider the best, combining good habit of 
growth and quality of flower ; the next season I endeavour to 
improve on the production of the former one by fertilizing 
upon my own stock only, so that a pedigree may be said to 
exist from my own strain. The three varieties to be sent oirt 
in the spring are dwarf in habit, although very fine growers, 
foliage thick and very attractive for their dense zones; I have 
even proved them as beddcrs, and Mr. Grieve and other cele- 
brated geranium raisers who have seen them at various periods, 
pronounce them to be superior to any yet known to the public ; 
this has induced me to offer them with every confidence. For 
pot-culture they are invaluable, both for summer and winter 
decoration ; they are immensely fine bloomers, and having 
large trusses for almost every joint. I may also add, that 
although the last season was exceedingly unfavourable for 
bedding plants generally, 1 had a profusion of bloom in my 

garden on the three Geraniums alluded to ; this was noticed 
not only by myself but by others also." 

Miss Martin is in colour a beautiful soft rosy-peach ; flower 
of immense size, very round, the upper petals overlapping ; 
foliage lively green with dark black zone. The other two 
varieties are Sir Fitzroij Kelly, striking scarlet-cerise, and 
FJorihunda alho nana, a pure white bedder. They \nll all be 
let out by Mr. Ward, of The Rosery, Ipswich, during the pre- 
sent spring. 


Plate 333. 

There is no plant of recent introduction about -wliicli such 
ditt'ei-ent opinions have been entertained as the now well- 
known Iresine Uerhstii, or, as it is better knowni on the Conti- 
nent, ^scyranthes Verschaffeltii — a difference of opinion which 
was shown also with regard to Coleiis Verscliajfclfii and other 
bedding plants of a similar character. It is to be accounted 
for, we think, by the fact that the Iresine answers very well in 
a warm dry soil and in a slieltered situation, while in retentive 
soils and low damp situations it generally is a failure. The' va- 
riety of it which we now figure is one which we are inclined to 
think will be found a very useful addition to our bedding plants. 

"We have been informed by M. Jean Verschaffelt, of Ghent, 
that it was secured and fixed by ^I. Vanderhecke de Lembette, 
I'resident of the Eoyal Horticultural Society of Ghent, and 
one of the most distingiiished amateurs in Belgium or on the 
Continent, whose stock passed into M. Verschaffelt's hands ; but 
the plant originated at the same time at the establisiiment 
of ^IM. Jacob Makoy, of Liege, who were the first to an- 
nounce it. M. Verscliaficlt adds, " I have grown it now for 
some months, and found it to be a very fine and distinct variety. 
1 think it will do very well planted alternately wit li the type, 
and make a good contrast." 

We saw the plant growing during the winter months at Mr. 
Bull's at Chelsea, and from one of his plants the drawing was 
made. It struck us at the time that there was another use 
which might be made of it, if the plant were well managed 
and grown specially for that purpose, viz. as a table jilaiit ; the 
contrast of colours, both of them bright, would be thrown 

up admirably from a white table-cloth, and the style of the 
plant is such that it could be easily kept \\ithin bounds, very 
large plants rather spoiling than adding to the effect of table 


Plate 334. 

In the earlier days of rolargonium culture, when the im- 
provement commenced whicli has ended in such magnificent 
results, there were two names with wliich every lover of the 
flower was familiar, Garth and Foster— the former a clergj man 
m Surrey, the latter a gentleman residing at Clevver Manor, 
near Windsor. Mr. Garth, for jears before his death, had 
given up his favourites, as least so I'ar as originathig new 
varieties was concerned, and Mr. Iloyle may be said to have 
succeeded to the position he occupied ; while j\Ir. Foster has 
been succeeded by his son, who is as arch-nt a follower of tlie 
pursuit as his fother was. Tiierc was always a very marked 
difference in the flowers of tlie two raisers, Mr. Hoyle's in shape 
being far superior, and Mr. Foster's being mainly noted for 
colour; and as each kept naturally enougli to their own f<trnin, 
there was not a probability of alteration. Now Mr. Foster has, 
however, we believe, seen that the cupped shape of his flowers 
and their somewhat narrower petals, was a hindrance to their 
popularity, and lience, by the introduction of fresh blood into 
his race, lias succeeded in vastly improving the style of his 
flowers, as will be seen by the figures of the two represented in 
our Plate, wliich are, in the estimation of Mr. Charies Turner, 
of Slough, the best of his productions. 

MiUon (Fig. 2) is a fine fiower of large size and good 
shape; tlie upper petals black, with narrow crimson bor- 
der; the lower petals purplisli rose, witli pcncillings and 
blotches (jf deep rose. Negreati (Fig. 1) is a very dark fine 
flower, deep crimson-maroon, with white tiuoat, and of a 
very rirli colour. Of these the former will, no doubt, prove an 
excellent e\hil)ition flower, although we are sorry to see that 

year by year the number of exhibitors decreases, and both as 
growers for sale and amateurs, the lists are now entered by 
comparatively few competitors — whether because other things 
are now more fashionable, or deterred by the wonderful culti- 
vation of tliose who do compete, we are unable to say. Negress, 
like many other very dark flowers, is delicate in habit, and con- 
sequently has not been let out this season. It was commended 
by the Floral Committee of the Eoyal Horticultural Society, 
and Milton obtained a first-class certificate. 


A ■ % 

/ 1 
1 1' 


Plate 335. 

Tlic variation of Orchids has latterly occupied a good deal 
of attention, and has led, we believe, in many instances, to the 
referring of many which were formerly considered distinct 
species, to their type, and thus reducing the number. No one 
can liave seen a lari>e collection of that beautiful and most 
useful Orchid Lycaste Skinneri — such as that, for instance, of 
Mr. Veitch, of Chelsea — without being struck with this varia- 
tion. No collection of florists' flowers. Carnations, Pansies, Pe- 
largoniums, etc., presents a more striking variety ; and we may 
perhaps yet find that the Orchid shares the same fate as other 
flowers where such variety exists, and collections, wuth special 
names attached to them, will be cultivated, as in the case of 
the tiowcrs already alluded to. 

Lcelia albida does not, so far as we know, present such a 
number of varieties as the Lijcaste, but the present Plate is a 
proof that it does v^ary from the type at times. The plant was 
sent to us by Messrs. Backhouse and Sou, of York, with an inti- 
mation that they believed it to be a quite novel form of the 
flower ; this, however, they have since found incorrect, and 
that it very frequently sports in this manner. The normal 
colour of the flower is that of a yellowish-white, and the addi- 
tion in the present variety of the beautiful rosy-pink tips to the 
lip, and edges of the petals greatly adds to the beauty of the 
])lant, which is still further enhanced by the very bright oiange- 
yellow spot in the centre of the li[), with its bright red line. 

Lcelia albida was one of those plants which, subjected to the 
uniform treatment that Orchids used to receive in times ])ast, 
did not display the grace and beauty that it now does when 
treated, like the Lyca.sfc and Odonfof/lotisum, etc., in a more 

rational manner ; it requires a minimum heat of 40° in winter. 
We lately had the pleasure of seeing at the Bishop of AVin- 
chester's a cool orchid-liouse, in which, managed rationally, and 
not subjected to cold, but cool treatment, the inmates were 
most flourishing, and it is a system which puts the growth of 
Orchids within the reacli of many who formerly slirank from 
it on account of the expense. 


Plate 380. 

The family to which this boautiful stove ])\ant belonpjs 
furnishers perhaps as large a iinniber of really handsome and 
valuable decorative plants as any in the whoh^ ran<j:e of flower- 
ing plants. "Whether we consider those which are cultivated 
in the stove, greenhouse, or open air, the Gesneriaceous plants 
contribute largely to our enjoyment, and this, one of the latest 
additions to our stoves, fully bears out the statement we have 

We saw it in flower this season in the establishment of Mr. 
W. Bull, of Chelsea, and through his kindness we have been 
enabled to figure it. It has already been figured in the 
'Botanical Magazine' (tab. .5023), and from that source we 
extract the following description : — " It was discovered in 
Mexico during the Brazilian travels of his present IVIajesty, 
Maximilian I., in lS.")9-60, and was introduced into the Impe- 
rial garden of Schonbrunn (Vienna), and published by Dr. 
Heinrich Wawra, who accompanied the expedition as surgeon 
and naturalist. It bears the name of the Empress of Mexico 

From the botanical description, we learn that "it is a small 
undershrub ; stem and branches red-brown, rather succulent, 
leaves curved towards the end of the branches, dark bluish- 
green above, and shining, bright red-purple and hairy below. 
Corolla an inch and a lialf long, white ; tube curved upwards, 
inflated and gibbous below, bulbous with long hairs, mouth 
contracted ; lobes short, broad, rounded, glabrous." We would 
add to this that the metallic lustre on the surfixce of the leaves 
is very decided, and that in the young growth there is a 

brownish-crimson tint which adds greatly to the beauty of the 
foliage. Whether considered in reference to its foliage, or 
the profusion of its pure white and curiously-shaped flowers, 
which, as seen in the plate, are very abundantly produced, we 
think that it will be considered a desirable addition to our stove 




J Andrews, del, etlitK 

vuKvnt drriC'i-.r 

Plate 337. 

Nohvithstanding tlw disastrous season of last year, which so 
thoroughlj' destroyed tlie beauty of the Verbena beds in every 
garden which we visited, it still holds a prominent position in 
the plans of every gardener, and hopes of better seasons en- 
courage its growth and the pro(Uicti(ni of new varieties, and 
hence from several quarters avc hear of new sorts, and some of 
them which we have seen will, we think, be probably great 
acquisitions. Amongst Mr. Keynes's set of six are some fine 
flowers, especially il//'. J'^/is and Coh'shiU; while in ISIr. Perry's 
collection, sent out by Mi-. Turner, of Slough, are some very 
fine kinds, although more suitable for the exhibition-table than 
for the garden. Amongst those that are likely to be favourites 
for both objects is the flower wliich forms the subject of oiir 

There are two flowers of a somewhat similar character. 
Striata formosissima and Napoleon i Bossi, the former of En- 
glish, the latter of Italian origin, but for bedding purposes 
tiiey ha\e both defects, — th(> fn-mer is weak in habit and very 
subject to mildew, the latter is straggling in growth and not 
very fine. When then we say that Ladij of Lan(jlehunj is a 
sport from a bed of Purple Kinci, — the very best of all Verbenas 
for its habit, — we have said enough to show that is likely to 
take a good position and to be much sought after. 

Ladij of Lanfjlehurii was obtained, and, as our neighbours 
say, "fixed" by Mr. Crookshank, gardener to A\'. Jones Lloyd, 
Esq., Langlebury, near Welwyn, Herts. It was exhibited last 
year before the Floral Committee, when it obtained a first- 
class certificate, and beautiful trusses of bloom were exhibited 

this spring at tlic shows of the Royal Iloiticultural and Royal 
Botanic Socipties, and were greatly admired, both by the nu- 
merous visitors, and also by those whose criticisms are founded 
on long acquaintance witli the Verbena, and whose judgment 
was that it fully deserved the position given to it. 


.1 Andrews. del etlith. 

■Vmeent Brook , Imp . 

Plate 338. 

Wc last month figured ii new and beautiful sport of Iresine 
Ilerhstii, belie^-ing it to be well suited both for bedding purposes 
and for pot-culture ; we have now tlie pleasure of figui'ing 
another plant whieh we saw tried with some success last year, 
and which, should the season be favourable, is destined to be 
still more grown and better appreciated this year. 

CoJeus Verschaffeltii has proved itself, in the hands of skilful 
cultivators, and in suitable situations, to be one of the most 
valuable and effective of bedding plants, although a great deal of 
opposition was shown to it from many quarters. The species 
which we now figure, less brilliant in its colouring indeed, will 
be found, we ho])e. valuable for the same purposes. 

Culeus Gibsonii was sent home by Mr. John G. Yeitch, from 
Xew Caledonia, where it was discovered growing in vast quan- 
tities, its highly-coloui'cd foliage forming a most striking fea- 
ture. It is one of the results of the tour made by him in the 
South Pacific, which we have ouly to regret, in the cause of 
science and floriculture, was not more prolonged, and for various 
causes could not be as effective as he had himself wished or 
ho]ipd it would be. Sufficient, however, has been done to en- 
title him to the gratitude of all lovers of plants, and perhaps 
to encourage some one to ransack those islands for their trea- 
sures. In habit, C. Gibsonii is quite equal to C. Verschaffeltii ; 
being dwarf and very busliy, the leaves are large, often exceed- 
ing five inches in length, and are of a light-green colour, dis- 
tinctly veined and blotched with dark crimson-purple. Mr. 
Veitch says of it, " that is a most ornamental plant for pot- 
culture, and can be recommended as an excellent companion 
to the other species for summer flower-garden decoration, where 

from its novel and distinct colouring it cannot fail to prove an 
acquisition." If persons expect from it so brilliant an eftect as 
from C. Verscliaffelfii, of course they must needsbe disappointed, 
but if they are contented that it shall occupy a place of in- 
terest in the many-coloured parterre they will find it suitable, 
and we think moreover that it will form an excellent plant for 


Andrevrs del.etlith. 

Ymceat Brooks, Imp. 

Plate 339. 

We are sufficiently justified in figuring some recently raised 
varieties of the Persian Cyclamen by the greatly increased in- 
terest taken in its growth; this has been evidenced by the large 
number of plants brought forward at our early spring sliows, 
Avhich have received the warmest encomiums, both from the 
lovers of plants, and that more numerous body the general 
public, which admires flowers, but seeks not to enter into the 
mysteries of their production, habit, or growth. 

We are indebted to Mr. Wiggins, gardener to Mr. Walter 
Beck, of Worton Cottage, Isleworth, both for the opportunity 
of figuring these varieties and also for the following notes on 
their culture. Many persons have imagined — and, indeed, tlie 
method in growing them has tended to this — that it requires 
some considerable time to bring them to perfection, wliile it 
lias been generally recommended to allow them to go to rest 
after their period of flowering is over, but it will be seen that 
Mr. Wiggins's plan is entirely opposed to this ; he says, — " The 
plants which I have exhibited in 48s this spring were only in 
the seed-pan this time last year. In fact, the seed was sown in 
heat in March, 18GG ; as soon as the seedlings had attained 
sufficient size to be handled they were potted off into small 
thumbs, in a compost of leaf-mould, well rotted cow-dung, 
loam, and some white silver-sand, they were then placed in 
good strong heat and pushed on as rapidly as possible; when 
they had filled these pots with roots they were placed in 48s, 
in the same compost, and still kept in lieat. The result of this 
generous treatment was that I was enabled to exhibit bulbs 
about tile size of walnuts, with from twelve tn twenty blooms 
on them, in twelve months from the sowiuii; of the seed." 

The varieties figured have been named and are greatly in 
advance, both in size and quality of bloom; but the difficulty 
of perpetuating varieties must ever be a bar to their being cul- 
tivated as a florist's flower. Pelargoniums we can multiply by 
cuttings, and Auriculas by offsets ; but there seems, at present, 
no method for propagating the Cyclamen except by seed, and 
this, of course, will not ])erpetnate the variety. Eubnim graudl- 
florum (Fig. 1) is a large higlily-coloured flower; Orifiamme 
(Fig. 2) in the same style, but with shorter and broader petals. 
White Delicatum is an improvement in shape of petal on tlie 
older varieties of the same colour. 

Plate 840. 

AVe noticed in ii contemporary lately a reference to the 
troubles of Orchid nomenclature, and some amusinj? remarks 
were made by Professor Reichenbach on the subject. The 
cause that suggested it was the fact of recently introduced and 
unknown plants being sold only with numbers attached to them 
or witli the names of the species they were suppdsed to belong 
to ; and it was suggested to attach to them fancy names, which 
miglit be hereafter altered when they were scientifically inves- 
tigated, or had fiow( red, and could be referred to the species to 
which they really did belong. But is there not another point 
in the same direction which requires consideration, the attach- 
ing of scientific or, at any rate, Latin names to hybrid Orchids? 
In the course of a few years, if the hybridization of Orchids 
progresses as it has done, how is any one commencing to 
to grow a collection to know, when he looks down the list, 
whether Cattleya Exoniensis or Calanthe Veitchii are species or 
whether they are garden varieties ? The same holds good in 
other genera as well as Orchids, and we think it would be well 
if some method of avoiding the endless confusion that promises 
to be entailed on us could be devised; and will Weigmann's 
method of nomenclature be generally accepted "? 

Lcelia Pilchcn is another of the successful results of Mr. 
Dominy's hybridization of Orchids. It is the progeny of 
Lcelia Perrini crossed with Cattleya crispa. The seeds were 
sown by Mr. Dominy about ten years ago, and some of the 
plants bloomed last year for the first time. The plant is a 
strong grower and does well under the same treatment as its 
parents. It was exhibited this spring before the Floral Com- 
mittee of the lloyal Horticultural Society and obtained a first- 

class certificate. The beautiful figure of it by Mr. Andrews 
hardly needs describing, but it will be seen that the flower is 
a beautiful Frcnich-white in colour, with a lovely purple spot in 
the lip ; it has been named in honour of Mr. Pilcher, gardener 
to S. Rucker, Esq., of Wandsworth, long known for his valuable 
collection of Orchids. 



J Andrews, del. et lith . 

"Vincent Brooks. Imp- 

Plate 341. 


A few years ago we figured an Auricula wliicli brought 
before us by its nauie two of the luost emiuent and successful 
cultivators of this beautiful flower, Ileadlys Geon/c Lir/Jttbodi/. 
We now figure another which, in the same way, marks two dis- 
tinguished cultivators, whose names are not perhaps quite so 
well known, but who have nevertheless added much to the 
interest in this flower, especially in Scotland. Mr. P. Campbell, 
of Falkirk, is well known to Auricula lovers as the raiser of 
those fine flowers — Lord Palmersfon, green edge, Eobert Burns, 
white, and Pizarro, self; while Mr. Cunningham has not only 
raised this fine variety, but also Juhn Waterstcin, of which we 
have heard, although we have not seen it, that it is even supe- 
rior to George Lighthody, which is generally looked on now as 
the standard of perfection. 

"NMieu the present rage for bedding has somewhat subsided, 
and there is a return to the love for those fine florists' flowers 
which tended so mucli to increase the love for floriculture in 
this country, we have no doubt that the Auricula will again be 
sought after ; indeed, we are told that at the Botanic Society's 
show in April this year, the fine collection exliibited by Mr. C. 
Turner, of the Eoyal Nurseries, Slough, attracted so mucli 
attention, that a speedy return of them to favour was pre- 

Peter CampheU, raised by Mr. Cunningham, of Brookfield 
Cottage, near Johnstone, N.B., is a flower of fine properties; 
the edge a lovely bright green, and the ground-colour a beau- 

tiful dark-brown crimson, it is tliis which marks tlic tiowev as 
one of so much beauty and novelty ; and even althougli otlier 
flowers may possess in some points superior properties, yet tliis 
stamps it as one which will always make it a pleasing stage 
variety, on our own stage it was selected by several persons as 
one of the most striking flowers there. 


■■-5 -ipI et.lit'h 

"Vincent Broofe.Imp 

Plate 312. 

The rapid strides that spriii<>-g-ard('uiiig lias made witliin these 
hxst two years has brouglit into inueh more prominent notice the 
many beautiful varieties of early-Howerinfj; Tidips, both single 
and double, which previously had l)een only grown as jxit-plants, 
or were to be found only in mixed borders and shrubberies. 

Perhaps the most successful attempt to use the early Tulip 
for decorative ])urposes, in or near the Metropolis, was that of 
Mr. Mann, the able superintendent of Hyde Park. That por- 
tion of the park bordering on Park Lane was, in the latter part 
of April and early in ^lay, a blaze of beaut)", large masses of 
one kind of flower, such as Voidcur Cardinal, Yelloio Prince, 
}]'hif(; Pottchaliker, etc., being employed to give the desired 
effect ; but we question whether, with those whose means are 
more limited and space confined, it is not a better plan to 
mix the varieties, and by this means ensure a more continiu)us 
bloom ; this is the plan we have adoi)ted in our own garden, 
where we have mainly employed the Tulip as a ribbon-flower. 
By mixing the various kinds, even the early Van Thols and the 
late-flowering Duchess of Parma, we have been enabled to ensure 
bloom for several weeks ; in order to do this the better, they 
should be planted tolerabl)' close, not more than three inches 
apart, and in double or treble rows. It is easy, after the earliest- 
flowering varieties have shed their jjetals, to go round and cut 
off the flower-stems, and then all app(-arance of raggedness is 
done away with, while, instead of having perhaps a fortnight's 
or three weeks' bloom, you ensure one to last four or five weeks. 
After the flowering season is over, the bulbs must be lifted, and 
either be placed in an airy shed to dry, or else placed loosely 
in the ground in some out-of-the-way corner, until the leaves are 
completely withered. 

The varieties now figured, for which we are indebted to 
Messrs. Cutbush and Son, Highgate, were selected by us from 
the large collection exliibited by them at their auniuil spring 
exliibition at the Crystal Palace, as they seemed to be more 
novel and remarkable in their colouring than many others more 
brilliant perhaps than they are. La Plaisantc {Y\q. 1) is a large 
golden-yellow flower, barred at the sides with crimson, and with 
a broad flame of crimson-lilac in the centre of each petal. Vaii 
Spaivdoncl' (Fig. 2) is a cream-coloured flower, slightly stained 
with green, flamed and barred with lilac-crimson. 


■Vincent Brooks, Imp. 

Plate 313. 

l>y tar the largest number of what arc now termed cool- 
house Orcliids are obtained from tlie tropical countries of New 
(iranada, Peru. Caiatemala, and Mexico, but although in the 
low and flat parts of these countries the temperature is so high, 
yet in the more elevated regions, where vast numbers of Orchids 
are to be found, a much more cool and genial climate pre- 
vails; but owing to the unseasonable treatment to which these 
were exposed in former years, few, comparatively speaking, 
were to be found doing well in Orchid-houses. Even now, 
owing to their having, when imported, to pass through one of 
the hottest climates in tlie world, hundreds of them reach this 
country in a dead or dying state; we have seen literally hun- 
dreds of imported Odontoglossums at Messrs. Low's, nothing 
but a mass of water, — the tissue having been completely de- 
stroyed in their passage from the higher regions to the sea- 

Amongst the more recent introductions from these regions, 
Odonfoglossum Alexandrce has attracted most notice ; several 
])lants of it have been exhibited by Mr. Bull, of Chelsea, and 
others; and from one of the plants shown by Mr. Bull the 
accompanying beautiful drawing has been made by Mr. An- 
drews. The marking varies occasionally, and this is more pro- 
minently spotted than some that have b(>en exhibited. 

We have little to add as to the culture of these plants. 
0. AlexandrcB thrives under the same treatment as its con- 
geners, requiring an abundant supply of water when growing 
freely ; the soil should never be dry. In summer they should be 
carefully shaded from sunshine, and a moist temperature main- 

tained, tho iiii>lit temperature beinij;- tlien fifteen or twenty 
degrees lower than the day temperature ; in winter little or no 
water should be given, and the atmosphere kept as dry as pos- 
sible. The temperature in winter should be about fifty, and in 
summer from sixty to eighty; lower than this we know has been 
recommended, but we believe this to be best suited to a sound 
and healthy condition, and in this we have seen them flourishing 


Plate 344. 

Tliere are few flowers in th(> early part of the year more 
valuable for tlieir brilliant effect, or more easily managed, than 
the various kinds of Amaryllis and Ilippeastrum; rcujuiring- only 
(he temperature of an intermediate house to bring them to 
perfection, — throwing up fine noble-looking spikes of bloom, 
witli sometimi's four or five blooms, they ought surely to have 
a more prominent position assigned to them than they have 
hitherto had. The Belgian and French nurserymen grow them 
in considerable numbers, and have, by careful hybridizing, ori- 
ginated many fine varieties ; while latterly, ^lessrs. Vcitcli, of 
Chelsea, and Mr. Garraway, of Bristol, have exhibited some 
beautiful kinds, but whether of their own raising or of foreign 
origin we cannot say. 

A remarkable addition to the species of this genus has been 
exhibited during the present spring by the Messrs. Veitch and 
Sons, of Chelsea ; that which we now figure, Hippeastnmi par- 
<h')nnn, one of the many fine things which have been sent over to 
them by their indefatigable and most successful collector, Mr. 
Pearce, who found it in Pern. 

The size of the blooms is considerable, averaging from six 
to seven inches in diameter, while the form of the flowers is 
very peculiar, unlike any otlier species, being quite spreading 
and open, more like some of the species of Cactus or Cereus, 
and thus, instead of hiding its beauties, displaying the mIioIc 
interior surface. The marking of the flower is also very 
jjeculiar, not striped and dashed, as many of the Amaryllids 
are, but spotted all over Avith small dots, dark crimson-red in 
colour, on a cream-coloured ground, and even at the edges of tlie 
|)etals, where tlic ci'luisoii more pri-vails, (he spotting also exists. 

We saw it as exhibited before the Floral Committee, on the 19th 
of March last, when it was awarded a first-class certificate ; we 
also afterwards saw several plants of it at Messrs. Veitch's 
establishment, and quite endorse the opinion that was formed 
of it at the Exhibition, viz. that few plants of the present sea- 
son are likely to be more generally and more deservedly useful 


Plate 315. 

'I'he very general deraand for plants for bedding purposes, 
lias induced us to give figures of several of those wliicli we 
believe are likely to prove useful for tliat ]uirpose, and having 
already figured CoJeus Gibsonn, we now add a still more showy 
variety, introduced by Mi-. John G. Veitch from New Caledonia, 
being one of the novelties obtained by him during his voyage 
in the southern seas. 

When the defects of the system of glaring colours witli 
Avhich tlic Ix'dding system was inaugurated were pointed out, 
and tlie desirability suggested of adding other colours, it was 
at once seen that foliage would be quite as useful as flowers 
for this purpose, and that more sombre tones were required to 
effect this ; hence, Perilla Nankanensis, Purple Orach, Beetroot, 
and other tilings wer(> suggest(>d and are still used. Then it 
was ftnind tiiat Cnlcus VtrachuffeUii and the scaVlet-leaved ^lina- 
ranth would suit admirably for the same pnr])ose, and when 
Mr. Gibson hail arranged his subtropical gnrden at liattersea, it 
was seen how largely foliage^ did come into service; thus, e\en 
the geraniunis, Mrs. I'v/ioc/c, Golden Fleece, and other varieties 
are used for their foliage and not for their flowers, — the beds 
ill fact looking better when they are denuded of flowers. AVe 
cannot but think, then, that the two varieties of Colens, though 
perhaps not so brilliant as Yerscliatj'eltii, will yet be found (piite 
suited for giving a change of colour. 

Coleus Veitchii has very large, almost heart-shaped, leaves 
of a deep chocolate-colour, with the edges of a bright lively 
green, and with a peculiar gloomy lustre on them ; it is a plant 

of free growth and good habit, will require, during the winter 
months, a tolerably warm and dry temperature, and is readily 
increased by cuttings; like the other varieties named, we 
believe it will also prove to be a valuable plant for table 


Plate 3iG. 

Although we liave hitely tiguicd a new IV'lgiau Camellia 
{Jfrs. Dombrain), jet the great beauty of the variety iu nur 
])re.seut Plate will be deemed a sufficieut excuse for our tiguring 
it also, Avhile its exquisite shape clearly entitles it to be ranked 
amongst the very foremost in those (lualities which constitute 
a good Camellia. 

A great deal of discussion has taken place lately with regard 
to the proper method of cultivation to be adopted with this 
universal favourite, and some very opposite methods ha\e been 
recommended, both as to the time for repotting, and the 
nature of the soil in which the)' are to be grown. Mr. Pearson, 
of Ciiilwell, Notts, has recommended a plan which, at any 
rate, has the merit of novelty in it, one which he states he 
has found most successful, and which we can bear witness to from 
our own personal experience, lie suggests that the soil in 
which the Camellia is grown is generally too light, tliat all 
admixture of peat and leaf-mould should be avoided (although 
the Belgians, who are very famous cultiA ators of it, use hardly 
anytliing but leaf-mould, so far as we liave been enabled to 
judge) and that loam only slionld be used; contrary, too, to all 
the usual directions on the subject, he recommends that 
instead of •' well-rotted loam." it should be used ijuite fresh as 
it comes off the pasture, cut about an inch and a half thick, 
and then torn to pieces about an inch stjuare ; that llie 
Camellias should be potted immediately that they liave done 
flowering, kept shaded, cool, and well watered, and that 
liealtliv foliaire and abundant bhioni will reward sucli cnlti- 

We have tested this method in a small way, and so far have 
every reason to be satisfied with it, especially in the case of a 
plant Avhich had evidently become diseased, but which on 
being repotted, as described by Mr. Pearson, has recovered its 
health, and is now groAvin<ij vigorously ; we believe, therefore, 
that the treatment is judicious. 

Duchesse de Nassau, which we received from ]\Ir. Bull, of 
Chelsea, is a soft delicate pink, a colour in which we have 
been somewhat deficient, and the petals at the centre are mar- 
gined with deep crimson-cerise, giving it a very attractive 


Plate 317. 

The frequenters of the Metropolitan fiower shows during the 
past season cannot have foiled to admire the very beautiful 
plant which forms the subject of our Plate, so admirably ren- 
dered by Mr. Andrews ; and also one of still more recent 
introduction, Bertolonia margaritacea, as they have been fre- 
quently exhibited by jNIessrs. Bull, Veitch, and others, to the 
former of whom we are indebted for the opportunity of 
figuring it. 

Bertolonia (juttata was first exhibited by the Messrs. Veitch, 
and we learn from the ' Botanical Magazine ' (in which publi- 
cation it was figured, tab. 5524), that it was sent to the Royal 
Botanic Gardens at Kew, as a native of ^ladagascar, but that it 
is not so, having been found at St. Sebastian, in Brazil, by the 
late Mr. Fox, and also in the province of St. Paul, South Brazil, 
by Mr. "\^'eir, it is therefore to be regarded as a Brazilian 
plant, requiring a stove temperature, but at the same time 
somewhat impatient of damj); it will re([uirc, therefore, to be 
somewhat protected in tliis respect. 

The leaves of this very charming plant are dark green above 
and of a brownish-purple b(>neatli, their characteristic feature 
bcini;- the rows of beautiful rose-coloured spots (in U. mar- 
(jHfliaccAi pure white), which seem not as if they formed part of 
the leaf, but were set on " studded," as the ' Botanical Magazine ' 
describes them, " with rubies," but they are not of quite so 
deep a colour, being rather of a i)ale pink, 'i'liere seems to 
be some dift"erence of opinion as to tlie Hower ; in the plant 
figured, there was only the single flower, situated in the axil 

of the leaves, while in the ' Botanical Magazine,' it is described 
as bearing a cyme of from four to six flowers ; as there figured, 
it is of a light mauve colour, wliercas in Mr. Bull's plant it was 
a lively carmine-rose, the edges of the petals being deeply 
marked with bright carmine ; it is the foliage, however, which 
constitutes its chief charm, and which will make it, w'e believe, 
to be a very general favourite. 

Plate 318. 

That Orchids arc increasing in tlie fu\our of tin- pul>lir^ 
both liorticultnrnl and general, is apparent, we tliink, from 
the increasing demand, and also from the ai)])reeiative remarks 
when banks of Orchids are displayed at our great Kxhil)itions. 
The present season has been peculiarly unfavourable foi- tliis 
purjxise, many persons refusing to allow their fine collections 
to run the risk of being injured in sending them to the place 
of exhibition during the very low temperature wliich has pre- 
vailed in the months of May and June this year. 

Among the various genera of Orchids, none are becoming 
moi-e general favourites than the Odontoglossum, the great 
variety of species, their facility of culture, and their great 
beauty, all tending to fliis end; moreover, a great impetus 
has been given to their culture by the magnificent monograph 
by Mr. Bateman, in course of publication. Some idea of the 
immense richness in Orchids of the country from whence the 
subject of our Plate comes may be gathered from the flict, 
that Professor Heichenbnch, in his recently-jiublished work on 
the Orchids of Central .\merica, enumerates about 300 sp(>cies, 
from an area, as we are informed by a contcMuporary, of not 
more than 200 miles. There is no doubt tliat especial atten- 
tion has been devoted to this quarter of the world, not only 
because of the number and beauty of tlie species, but because 
the greater portion of them will succeed under the more 
rational and less ex])ensive mode of treatment wliicli has been 
recently intnxhiecMl. 

Odujitoff/ossnin uiaculusiiin is an Orchid of a vei-v attractive 

character, the spike producing a large number of flowers, the 
sepals and lip of which are thickly studded with bright brown 
spots on a cream-coloured ground. \Mnle less delicate than 
Odontoglossum Alexandrce, it is richer in colour, and will be 
found a desirable companion for that fine species. Our draw- 
ing was taken from a plant in the collection of Mr. Bull, of 




► f 

/ !■■ 

J. Andrews , del et llth . 

Vincent Brooks, in i 

Plate 319. 

Wo liave many valid reasons for figuring this fine plant, 
although it has been introdueed as long back as ISCi'i (at the 
same time as Lilium auratum) ; several of our subscribers have 
expressed a wish to have a good figure of it, it is now becom- 
ing a really popular flower, owing to large importations of it 
having taken place, its cultixation is better understood, and, as 
a consequence, the figures which have already appeared of it 
by no means adequately represent its beauty. 

Anthurhim Schcrzeriamnn was first figured in the ' Botanical 
Magazine,' where the spatlie was represented as an inch and 
one-eighth in length, and three-quarters of an inch in breadth. 
In the ' Florist and Pomologist,' for October, 18G5, it was 
again figured, wliere that in the ' Botanical Magazine ' was 
spoken of as ludicrously inferior, and a reference made to their 
o^vn plate, where it was represented as three inches in length, 
and one and seven-eighths in breadth. Since that period, how- 
ever, owing to the success that has attended its cultivation, the 
beauty of the flower has been greatly developed, and it is now 
no uncommon thing to see it at Mr. Veitch's, to whom we are 
indebted for the opportunity of figuring the plant, with several 
flowers, each of which measures four inches, and sometimes 
even more, in length, by three in breadth. 

We are informed at Messrs. Veitch's that the plan adopted 
in its cultivation is to grow it as a stove plant during the 
winter months, and then bring it into a cooler house for bloom- 
ing, where for months it continues to be an object of great 
interest and beauty, — one remarkable characteristic of it being 
the great persistency of the flowers, which remain for a period 
of six and seven weeks without showing the slightest symptom 

of decay. It is a native of Guatemala and Costa Rica, and as 
we observe that large importations have been made of it during 
the present^ season by the Messrs. Low, of Clapton, it will now 
be within the reach of every one who has the command of a 
small stove. 


"Wneent Brooks . Imp 

Plate 350. 

The caprices of fasliion arc oftentimes productive of strange 
consequences. The efforts of the pre-Haffaelite school in giving 
an artistic value to red hair liave made tliat which was formerly, 
if not considered a defect, at least but little regarded, become 
tlic rage, and everytliing was done to produce that which was 
formerly despised. lu the same way in the realms of Flora ; 
many a plant that has heretofore "bloomed unseen, and wasted 
its sweetness on tlu> desert air," lias been invested with an im- 
portance wliicli their intrinsic worth and beauty would never 
have gained for them. 

This has been notably the case with some members of the 
family of ^'iola ; for example, more was said and written last 
year upon the claims of Hula corn ii fa as an edging plant tluiii 
al)i)ut any other plant of the season. No lady could have been 
more anxious to declare that she had just exactly that golden 
tint of hair whicli constituted tlie painter's ideal of beauty, than 
was this and tliat writer to show that liis strain of Viola conit(f(( 
was exactly the true one, and the Aery tint that was required. 
Having tried it somewhat extensively, we can bear witness to 
its good efF(>ct, especially as an edging to il/yvs. Pollock Pelar- 
gonium, and its very great duration of l)lo()ming, from May to 
October, gives it a value Avhich many ollu-r edging plants are 
deficient in. 

Anotiier member of the f\imily is tlie plant whicli we now 
figure, and for whicli we arc indebted to the Messrs. Backhouse 
and Son, of York, and whose description of it is as follows: — 
" By far the most beautiful of any of the American "Molas 
which we have seen, and liitlierto very rare in tliis country. 
The leaves are deeply divideil, like the foot of a bird, and the 

very large flowers are of the loveliest pale blue, tinted with 
mauve. Plant compact and dwarf, growing in very sandy soil, 
where there is but slight shade. It is quite distinct from, and very 
sui^erior to Viola jirdinafct and Viola pinnata, and will, we feel 
sure, become a favourite wherever known." The Plate faith- 
fully represents its very free-flowering qualities, while the shade 
of colour is one that is vciy much required in the present style 
of gardening. 


J Andrews, del, etlith. 

"Wncent Brooks, Imp 

Plate 351. 

"When wc were at Lyons last year, and enjoying a run tlirongh 
the celebrated Rose-gardens of that city, we were very much 
strufk witli two tea-scented Roses in the possession of ^I. 
( iuillot/'V.y, and as any addition to that very favourite class is sure 
to be welcome if it be good, Mr. Andrews has, from flowers 
supplied from our own garden, given an admirable figure of one 
of these, whicli we believe will be a general favourite. 

There are some Roses which are known as tea-scented, which 
are really not so, but noisettes, such as Gloire de Dijon and 
Marechal Niel, the fact of their possessing the delicate perfume 
of the Tea Rose being probably the reason why they have been 
so classed. As a rule, the genuine Tea Rose is smaller in habit 
and leaf, and not so robust in its constitution. Madame Mar- 
gottin is a genuine tea-scented Rose ; it is, as will be seen from 
the Plate, a medium-sized flower, of a delicate primrose-yellow 
colour, witli a most lovely peach-coloured tint in the centre 
petals. The sliape of the flower is good, and tlie substance of 
the petals is very firm, and, as a consequence, the individual 
blooms are not so fugitive as in some of the Teas. _ The other 
flower which we have alluded to is Boiifon d'Or ; this is a most 
exquisite little gold button of a very lively yellow hue, and, for 
its size, likely to be a great favourite for wearing as a single 

We cannot say as yet that we have been greatly impressed 
with the new Roses ; so {av as our o^vn experience of them 
goes, the present season is not likely to produce any very great 
improvement on our already fine varieties. One Rose, indeed, 
has appeared of which we liope to give a figure, and which 
lias created quite a sensation as an English-raised Rose, Mi^is 

Ingram.; but as yet we have not seen anything very remark- 
able, indeed it is very difRcnlt to surpass some of the Eoses 
that we have, and it must be a very good Eose that will 
excel Charles Le/ehvre, Pierre Notting, Comtesse C. de Chabrillant, 
John Hopper, Maurice Bernhardin, Madame Victor Verdier, and 
other well-known flowers. 

J. Andrews , del et lith 

Tincent Brooks, Imp 

Plate 352. 

Slella has generally been considered the tyi)e of a true nose- 
gay, and "an improvement on Stella" "in tlie same style as 
Stella" has been generally considered the best character wliich 
can be given of a new flower. If, then, wc> describe Emmcline 
as a " Rose Stella" we shall, perhaps, best convey the idea of 
the flower to those w ho are lovers of the nosegay section, and 
who have not had an opportunity of seeing it as exhibited this 
season by Messrs. Downie, Laird, and Laing, of Stanstead Park, 
Forest Hill, and Edinburgh, who have already by their fine 
flowers, Mrs. Laing and King of Nosegays, won a name for 
themselves in this popidar class of flowers. 

^^'e cannot do a greater service than give herewith a list of 
those varieties which are to be sent out by this firm next sea- 
son, for it will be seen that they have been highly thought of 
when exhibited : Countess of Rosshjn, bright rosy-pink, with a 
glowing carmine shade ; very large leaves and compact habit. 
First-class ccitificate, Royal Horticultural Society, Crystal 
Palace, and Brighton. Emmeline (the plant figured), deep 
rosy-pink, with a violet sliade ; very large truss ; growth ^ igorous 
and compact. First-class certificate, Royal Horticultiu-al 
Society, Crystal Palace, and Regent's Park. Bose Stella, light 
rosy-pink ; large truss ; very dwarf, compact habit. First-class 
certificate. Royal Horticultural Society, Crystal Palace, and 
Brighton. Jliglit lion. Gathorne Hardy, bright glowing orange- 
scarlet, immense truss, dark zone, and fine habit. First-class 
certificate. Crystal Palace and Brighton ; second-class certifi- 
cate, l{o\al Horticultural Society. Comet, very dark crimson- 

scarlet, with a pui"ple hue ; compact globular trass ; fine zone ; 
dwarf compact habit. First-class certificate, Regent's Park. 
Nosegai/ Jloyihunda, bright-orange scarlet ; large, compact glo- 
bular truss ; fine habit, and very fine. First-class certificate. 
Regent's Park. In addition to these, they have amongst Zonals, 
Seraph, clear briglit salmon, fine form ; very dark zone ; good 
truss, and very fine. First-class certificate. Royal Horticultural 
Society. The Sultan, dark glowing orange-scarlet, broad petals, 
large truss, dwarf habit, and very free ; and Tom Thumb (nose- 
gay), deep crimson-scarlet, plain leaf, very dwarf and fine, not 
more than six inches high. 


Plate 353. 

We have again the pleasure of figuring a Rose of genuine 
English origin, and one, too, which we are very much inclined 
to think will prove as great an acquisition as that now famous 
Rose John Hopper, raised by Mr. '\\'ard, of Ipswich, and more 
especially as it belongs to a class in which we have been defi- 
cient, — a class represented by Madame Bivers and Madame 
Vidot, neither of which, although very beautiful Roses, are of 
sufficiently vigorous constitutions to suit all soils and situa- 

Miss Ingram owes its origin to one who has been long known 
as a successful hybridizer of fruits and flowers — Mr. Ingram, 
the veteran gardener of the Royal Gardens, Frogmore, — and 
will, perhaps, more tend to perpetuate his name and fame as a 
raiser, than any of his former productions. It was first exhi- 
bited this season at the Royal Botanic Society's June show, 
where it received a first-class certificate ; and wherever it has 
been shown since, it has received a similar award. It was very 
greatly admired by all who saw it at this show, and also at tlie 
Royal Horticultural Society and Crystal Palace Exhibitions, 
and has boon pronounced by some of our most celebrated 
rosarians as a Rose of first-rate qualities. 

AVe have seen it ourselves growing in the nursery of Mr. 
Charles Turner, Slough ; and in vigour of constitution and 
profuseness, it fully equals any of our Roses. One most severe 
test it has stood ; for while nearly all the light Roses were 
killed in the neighbourhood of Slough during the last winter, 
Miss Inqram was quite uninjured. This is a most important 
point in its favour, while, as will be seen from the admirable 
figure of Mr. Andrews, it possesses an aduiirablc contour, as 

mucli cupped as the old Cabbage Rose, the colour being a 
delicate blush-white, with a deeper tinge of blush in the centre 
of the flower. It will be, we believe, let out next year by Mr. 
Charles Turner, of the Eoyal Nursery, Slough, who possesses 
the entire stock. 


Plate 354. 

Few collectors have been more successful in adding to our 
stores of useful jili^nts than Mr. Pearce, who has for so long 
been engaged in ransacking portions of South America, in the 
interests of Messrs. Veitch and Son, of Chelsea ; his disco- 
veries are such, tliat they come within the reach of a large 
number of horticulturists, from their being adapted for green- 
house culture ; and in this, one of the most recent of his in- 
troductions, we think that we can hail another valuable addi- 
tion to our new plants. 

Vie learn from tlie ' Botanical Magazine,' in wliich it has 
just been figured (Tab. 5G57), that it was discovered by ^^'ed- 
dell in the Cordillera of Bolivia ; but we suppose it was merely 
retained as a dried specimen in his licrbarium, for it was re- 
garded as quite a new plant when sent home by Mr. Pearce ; 
and we know that wlien it was exhibited at the Paris Interna- 
tional Show in May, it attracted more of the attention, both of 
botanists and horticulturists, than any plant there exhibited ; 
it was afterwards exhibited at the Royal Horticultural Society 
at Kensington, and was tliere greatly admired. The root is 
tuberous, and the stem rises from it to the height of about 
two feet, although possibly, under cultivation, it may become 
larger ; the flowers are very freely produced, in groups of two 
and three, springing from the main stem, and hang down 
gracefully, displaying their brilliant scarlet colour very well. 
There is a good deal of peculiaritj' in the structure of the plant, 
differing from other Begonias, which makes it a plant of con- 
siderable interest to botanists. It often happens with our new 
introductions, however, that many of them are interesting both 
to tiic botanist and horticulturist ; tliis Begonia is one of these, 

and as we believe it to be of very easy cultivation, we expect 
that it will be, ere long, very generally grown ; at any rate, 
by all those who can appreciate this class of plants, it must be 
regarded as one of no common order of merit. We are in- 
debted to the Messrs. Veitch for the opportunity of figuring it. 






Plate 355. 

So numerous are the S2)ecies of Orchids, and so eminently 
popular has the class become, that we constantly hear of per- 
sons who take under their special care different families; some 
are more ftimous for their Odontoglossunis, others for their 
Dendrobiums, others for tlieir Cypripediums, and so on. By 
the admirers of Orchids generally, and by the cultivators of 
Dendrobiums especially, the very beautiful plant which we 
now figure, will doubtless be considered a great acquisition. 

We are indebted to Messrs. Vcitch and Son for the oppor- 
tunity of figuring it, and also for the following information 
regarding its introduction : — " Dendrobimn Bensonia; was first 
introduced by us last spring from Burmah, through Colonel 
Benson, to whom is due the merit of having discovered several 
fine new Orchids. Some specimens flowered here soon after 
their arrival, and its lovely flowers produced in such profusion, 
at once won for it a high position among our most valued 
Dendrobiums, and decided it to be a most desirable acquisition. 
It is named Bensonkc by desire of Colonel Benson, in honour 
of his wife ; and has been awarded a Silver Floral Medal by 
the Royal Horticultural Society, besides several first-class cer- 
tificates from other societies." 

The locality from whence it comes at once pronounces it to 
be one of those Orchids which require a warm temperature, 
although considerable modifications of treadnent, even in these 
Orchids, have been made since the introduction of what is 
known as the cool treatment of Orchids has been introduced. 
It will l)(> seen from tlie Plate that the colour is of a delicate 

French-white, with a large brilliant orange-yellow blotch on 
the lip, at the base of which are two irregular deep brownish- 
crimson spots, giving the plant a most striking appearance, 
and marking it as one of the most effective of its tribe. 


Plate 356. 


Altliougli, as a general rule, the period of blooming of the 
many beautiful varieties of Gloxinia is after the great Metro- 
politan shows are held, and, consequently, they are not so 
much seen there as they would otherwise be, yet sometimes 
tlu^y are brought forward ; and more especially is this the case 
with new seedling varieties ; the same reason, however, indi- 
cates their usefulness for the decoration of the conservatory, 
after the spring and summer occupants have finished flowering, 
for when Pelargoniums have been cut down, and Azaleas been 
put out of doors, then the Gloxinias and Achimenes take 
their place, and give, during the later months of summer, a 
beautiful and interesting display. 

Tlie cultivation of the Gloxinia is so well known, and has 
been so often treated of in various numbers of the ' Floral 
Magazine,' that it will be unnecessary to repeat the directions 
on this head. Tt will be seen that Madame de Smet (Fig. 1 ) 
occupies a somewhat midway position between the upright and 
drooping varieties. The flowers are of large size, and of great 
substance ; the colour, a beautiful bright lavender or mauve, 
and very freely produced. It received a first-clnss certificate 
from the Floral Committee of the Royal Horticultural Society, 
and at the Eoyal Botanic Society's June show. Prince Tcck 
(Fig. 2) belongs to the upright section, and is a flower of very 
regular outline, the colour of the lobes being a beautiful bright 
purple with a deeper shade of the same colour at the base of 
each. Eose d'Amoiir (Fig. .3) is a large flower of drooping 
habit, the colour being a brilliant carmine rose, white at the 
base, and the throat slightly spotted with on a yellowish 
mound ; it will thus be seen that three ditt'erent strains of this 

flower are represented by the flowers figured, all alike beau- 
tiful, and decided advances ou those we already possess. These 
flowers are all in the possession of Messrs. Veitch and iSon, 


tews.dei et liti^ 

Vmcent Brooks. Imp 

Plate 8.') 7. 


It is difficult to say what direction the results of hybridizing 
in this universally popular class of flowers is likely to take. 
We have seen the most marvellous changes in the leaf-colouring, 
and the introduction of novel colours into the flowers of the 
zonal section. And then already in such varieties as Gloire de 
Nancy and Triomphe de Lorraine, double flowers have made 
their appearance ; and now, in tlie case of the variety we now 
figure, we have, in the larger-flowered section, the production 
of the same results, — the commencement of a change it is im- 
possible to foresee the end of 

The Prince of Novelties is in the possession of Messrs. E. G. 
Henderson and Son, of Wellington Eoad, St. John's Wood, to 
whom we are indebted for the opportunity of figuring it, and is 
being distributed by them this autumn. We cannot do better 
than give their description of it. They speak of it as "A very 
beautiful and remarkable novelty, differing from the ordinary 
class of Pelargoniums by the usual upper and lower petals, of 
unequal outline, being transformed into a flat, circular ray of 
equal-sized petals, forming a diameter in each flower of about 
an inch and three-quarters in width, and filled up in the centre 
with small petaloid segments, or flower-lobes. . . . These in- 
dividual blossoms are produced in trusses of from three to six 
or nine each, according to the vigour of the plant. The general 
colour is brilliant carmine tinted crimson, bounded with a 
blush-white margin, each petal being marked at the base with 
a dark rich crimson blotch, from which netted lines run over 
the carmine surface. Its style of growth shows a neat, free, 
and robust branching habit and flowering in small or medium- 

sized plants from nine inches to one, two, and three feet high. 
Its peculiarly vigorous growth requires a less rich soil than 
others, and also a more restricted condition of growth, by 
seldom potting. By adopting these precautions it will be found 
to retain its rich ample verdure, and form fine plants in smaller 
pots than the generality of kinds equally robust. Strong- 
vigorous plants sliould not be potted later than from October 
to January; and successional ones not later than March." 

We had the opportunity of seeing in August the stock of 
this novel flower ; and can bear witness to the accuracy of the 
description, and its value as a decorative plant. 

idrews. del . et lith 





m im-' 

■ruicen'i^ Di ooKs, iUti: 

Plati.: 35S. 


Tlie common wild Foxolove is associated, in the minds of 
many persons, Avith scenes of wild beauty, and is always sure 
to attract notice from the boldness of its style of growth and 
tlie brilliancy of its colouring; and it was often a matter of 
surprise that it had not been taken in hand by tliose who are 
ever ready to cater for the novelty-seeking desires of the lovers 
of flowers. The plant itself was so hardy and robust, that it 
was surmised, that if it could be improved, it would be a very 
popular flower. 

It will be seen from the variety we now figure, that this 
improvement has at last been commenced, and we doubt not the 
work of hybridization will go on as it has done in other flowers. 
'J'he ordinary colour of the wild Foxglove, spoken of by Sir 
"William Hooker as the " most stately and beautiful of our 
herbaceous plants," is purple, spotted within, while occasionally 
a white variety is obtained ; the crossing of these two colours 
is sure to produce vari(>ty, and in that now figured, we are 
enabled to trace tlii.s effect : we have seen some, of the most 
varying shades of colour, and doubt not that they will be as 
much so as the herbaceous Calceohtrids. 

As to the method of cultivaticni, although a large number 
of A-arieties have been already obtained and fixed, and will be 
cultivated in collections, as has been tlie case, yet we should 
imagine, that as it is so very readily seeded, and the plants 
are likely to bloom the following season, cultivators will 
jjrefer doing with them as they have already done with the 
Calceolaria, \ iz. growing it from seed ; and thus from jear to 

year throwing away the old plants, saving seed from the most 
remarkable, will ha\e the pleasure of continued novelty. We 
are indebted to the Messrs. Ivery, of Dorking, for the oppor- 
tunity of figuring the variety in our Plate. 


Vcicent Br ode , hnj 

Plate 359. 

It says a great deal for the beauty of the Carnation and 
Picotee that, notwithstanding the scant enconragement offered 
to them in and around the Metropolis, they still maintain their 
hold, and that not only are there persons ready to purchase, 
but amateurs still willing to devote time and attention to hybri- 
dizing and obtaining new varieties. It is said that at the 
Horticultural Show, held at l>ury St. Edmund's, on July 16th, 
there were " some splendid stands exhibited ; Picotees without 
a trace of blotch or bar, reminding one of the floral compe- 
titions of old, such a filling-up of these fine old flowers requiring 
incessant attention, care," etc. Yes, far more tlian all these 
fine showy-looking tricolour (jeraniums, about wliich people 
who sneered at the florist's distinctions as absurd are now quite 
as enthusiastic as ever any grower of the Pansy or Carnation 
was in former days. 

'llu' flowers which we now figure are unquestionably deser\ang 
of the distinguislied position they occupy, both having been 
awarded first-class certificates at the Exhibition at Bury St. 
Edmund's, where they were exhibited by Mr. Charles Turner, 
of the Royal Nursery, Slough, tlie largest grower of these 
beautiful flowers in the south of England. True Blue (Fig. 1 ) 
is a purple-flake flower of great excellence ; the petals large 
and regularly disposed, with most regular purple flakes in each 
petal, the colour in no case running or confused. Eccentric 
(Fig. 2) is a scarlet bizarre of good brilliancy, belonging to a 
class always remarkable for tlieir fine effect, the briglit scarlet 
bars and then the deep crimson ones giving it a very rich 
appearance ; it is remarkable for its substance and good quality. 

When we see sucli flowers as this we do not wonder at the 
enthusiasm which the growers of them have shown, nor that 
they shoukl think but lightly of a style of gardening that 
ignores their beauty. 

Vinoerit Br'aiks.Imp. 

Plate 360. 

The work of hybridization in Orchids goes bravely on, not- 
withstanding; the remonstrances of those who deplore the con- 
fusion that it is likely to create amongst their favourite flowers, 
—our pag(^s having already shown that this has been largely 
done ; while in the present Plate we have another instance, 
although in this case not between different fomilics, l)ut be- 
tween two species of the same family. 

Cattleya Brahantke was exhibited by tlie Messrs. ^'eitch, of 
King's Road, Chelsea, at the June Inhibition of the Royal 
Botanic Society, Regent's Park, where it was very nuuli ad- 
mir(>d, and received a first-class certificate. It is a liybrid 
variety, raised by Mr. Uoniiny, and is a cross between Cattleya 
Aclandue and Cattleya Loddtgesii— both Brazilian Orchids— the 
former being of a ^iur])lisli-brown colour, the latter rosy-lilac. 
We seem to have in Cafth-yn Brahantia% named, we belie\e, 
after the Duchess of Brabant, a fail- mingling of the two 
flowers, while the habit is sturdy and excellent. 

As both the parents are Brazilian Orchids, it will not come 
under the designation of cool house Orchids, but will require a 
warm temperature. Those who are large growers of tliis 
singularly beautiful, widespread, and attractive tribe of plants, 
have their special houses devoted to the various countries from 
whence they a;e imported, an East Indian house, a Brazilian 
house, and so forili ; all this requires a very large outlav, but 
at the same time, \'.ith judicious management, those of more 
limited means may grow some of the different countries very 
readily, as, indeed, nrist be done by the great majority of those 
who cultivate them. We do not imagine that Caitlcya Bra- 
hantice will offer any difficulty in its culture. 


J. Andrews. deLetlth. 

Vincent Brook s . Imp 

Plate 301. 

Nothing can be iiioro disappointinu; tliaii writing about nt'w 
Hoses, except it be growing tliem ; for year after year the most 
flaming descriptions are given of about seventy or eighty 
varieties, all of which, were we to believe the raisers, are 
better than any that have gone before; while at tin' cud of tlie 
season we find, perhaps, that if three or four out of the whole 
number are worth retaining, it is quite as many as we are 
warranted in doing. Seeing, even, is not believing, here ; for 
although a Rose may look well and be handsome, yet there 
may be some pecidiarity in its growtli whicli prevents it from 
holding a place in our gardens ; such, for instance, as Naj)oUo)i 
III., which, beautiful as it was when we save it at Vitry last 
year, and as figured by Mr. x\ndrews, has too delicate a consti- 
tution ever to make it a general favourite. 

When visiting the Kose gardens of France last season, we 
expressed an opinion that the Rose which we now figure, 
Antoine Diicher, would prove to be the best Rose of the season, 
and we are still inclined to this opinion. Certainly, so far as 
we have been enabled to see, the tAvo Tea Roses, Madame 
Mnrqoftin, Bouton iTOr, and the Hybrid Perpetuals, Horace 
Vernet, Antoine Bucher, Mademoiselle Anne Wood, and Madame 
Biml (perhaps), are likely to prove those best worth retaining. 

We have seen only a few of those of tlie jjrcsent year, and 
can, therefore, hardly venture to say nnuh ; but as the Rose 
growers have had the opixn-tunity of a continuous exhibition at 
the "Exposition TTniversclle," we may conclude, 1 thiidc, tliat 
those which have obtained prizes there are likelj- to be good, 
so that we may hope that Prince Humbert and Ducliesse d'Aosfe, 
raised by our friend M. ^[argottin, at IJourg-la-Reine, and 

Baron Lassus de St. Gcnies, are likely to be varieties of merit; 
and to these we mnst add La France, which we saw with M. 
Guillot tils, last year, and Edouard Morren, which has been pur 
chased by the Messrs. Lee, of Hammersmith, and of which we 
heard good repcn'ts from the Rose growers of Paris. 

Antoine Luclicr was raised by M. Ducher, of Lyons, and is 
a seedling from Madame Domar/e, of good shape, and of a vivid 
red colour suffused witli purple. 


J Andrews, lith. 

Vincent Brooks, Imp. 

. Plate 802. 

It is remarkable how some seasons seem more productive 
of good varieties of florists' flowers than others. Thus, last 
year was one in Avhich very few really good and first-rate 
\aiifties of the Pelargonium were produced, while the present 
has perhaps been the most remarkable one, in this respect, 
that we have had for some years past, — both Mr. Iloyle and 
i\Ir. Forster liaAang exhibited new kinds, wliich have received 
an unusual number of first-class certificates, and been greatly 
admired by all who have had the opportunity of seeing them. 

There can be no question of the great popularity of this beau- 
tiful and easily-cultivated plant, and we are sure that all those 
who do grow it will appreciate the numerous varieties of this 
season as worthy additions to tlunr stock, whether it be small or 
large. We, who can remember the earliest stages of that develoi> 
ment which has gone on so rapidly of late years, may well be 
surprised at the amazing change, although from year to year the 
improvement must necessarily be small. To beat such flowers 
as Jvlui lloijle. Mart/ Iloyle, etc., requires an amount of excel- 
lence not easy of attainment, but the florist, no way discou- 
raged, works on, gladly hailing the least advance, until, after a 
few years, the flowers he once thought unsurpassable, are now 
thrown into the shade. 

The varieties we can figure are. Fig. 1 , Heirloom, a flower of 
first-rate character, the shape being all that can be desired, the 
colour a very rich rosy-carmine ground, with a large blotcii in 
the ujjper petals, witii a clear white throat, ricfor. Fig. 2, 
is a veiy high-coloured flower ; the upi)er i)etals being of an 

intense deep maroon, almost black, with a narrow clear border 
of deep crimson ; the lower petals are of a bright crimson-pink, 
Avith a blotch in each petal, with a bright veining of crimson 
outside. Both Howers have received certificates of merit, and 
are of good habit of growth. 


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Plates 3G3, 304<. 

In ovdcv to give a better scope to the al)ilities of Mr. An- 
drews in portraying this bcantifnl autumn flower, we have, in 
a donble Plate, given a representation of two very beantii'ul 
varieti(\>?, whicli liave been sent ont by M. Sonchet, of Fon- 
taineblcau, of world-wide fame as the chief raiser of this 
lovely tribe. 

We have had an opportiinity, dnring the present month, of 
visiting the extensive collection of M. vSouchct, at Fontainebleau, 
and of hearing from himself the method of cultivation which 
he pursues, — a method whicli it would be .somewhat difHcnlt 
for many to follow, inasmuch as he allows the ground to be 
entirely fallow for a year before jdanting his bulbs, and never 
returns to the same ground for tluee years. lie appears to 
know nothing of the disease which has proved so fatal to the 
expectation of many growers, — our own amongst the number ; 
nor, Avhen we showed him some of our diseased bidbs, could he 
accomit for it. 

Adolplie Brongniart (Fig. 1) is the finest Gladiolus that lias 
hitherto been raised ; the size of the flowers, the excellence of 
its form, the variety of its colouring, all give it the claim to be 
unrivalled ; but even it will be eclipsed by a variety we saw 
the other day at Fontainebleau, "■ Semiramis." 

Newton (Fig. 2) is a variety of the preceding year, remarkable 
for its very deep colouring, and also of good form. 

The best of the flowers of 186()-G7 are, we think, Adolphe 
Ihwu/niart, Princesse Marie de Camhmhje, and Lady Franklin, 
while of those of the present year, rrinccsa Alice, lilac, lightly 
linti'd with rose, Norma, white, sometimes very lightly tinted 

witli lilac, Urani(\ white, striped witli lively carmine-rose, Mo- 
zart, lively rose, largely tinted with violet, and tiamed with deep 
carmine, and Semiramis, rosy-carmine ground, largely flamed 
with deep carmine, will, as far as we have been able to judge, 
be the choicest varieties of the season. 

Plate 3G5. 

Again are wo indebted to the indefatigable labours of 
Mr. Pearco, the eminently successful collector of the Messrs. 
Veitch, of Chelsea, for a most valuable addition to our gardens ; 
the more so, as we are inclined to believe that in many parts 
of the kingdom it will prove perfectly hardy, and ^^ ill go far 
to increase the popularity of herbaceons plants, towards which 
there seems to be much attention given at present. 

As the plant has been already figured in the 'Botanical 
Magazine ' (Tab. .")G63), we would here subjoin Dr. Hooker's 
statement witii regard to it antl a very closely allied species, 
Berionin Clar/cei: — "Of all the species of Begonia known, this 
is, 1 think, the finest, ^^'itll the habit of Saxi/rar/a ciliata, 
immense flowers of a vivid vermilion cinnabar red that no 
colourist can reproduce, it adds the novel feature of being 
hardy in certain parts of England at any rate, if not in all. It 
was discovered by Messrs. Veitch's collector, Mr. Pearce, near 
Cuzco, in Peru, at an elevation of 12,000 to 12, 500 feet; and 
the plants gi-own in Mr. Veitch's establishment have already 
given sufficient proof of hardihood, by withstandjug a tempera- 
ture of 25° Falir. with absolute impunity. Unwilling as I am 
to pronounce on the probable or possible adaptation of exotic 
plants to an English climate, I cannot but believe that in the 
soutli-wcstern counties, and in the south of Ireland, the Be- 
gonia I'cifchii will certainly prove one of the most ornamental 
of border plants." Of the nearly allied species, after noticing 
the points of difference. Dr. Hooker says, in the nund)er for 
last month (November), where li. Clnrlel is figured, '-AMiether 
this and Bcijonia Veitchii, together with another allied to it 
from the same country, and hitherto unpublished, will even- 

tnall)' prove wholly distinct is, I think, doubtful ; thoy will pro- 
bably be extensively hybridized." 

We do not think it will be necessary to do more now than 
refer to the exquisite drawing of Mr. Andrews, to bear witness 
to the justice of these remarks, and to the value of this recent 
addition to our herbaceous plants.* 

* Amongst the innny uses to wliich the houses known as " Hereinan's " 
might be put, that of affording sJielter to plants of doubtful hardiness, with- 
out interfering with the ordinary purposes of the house, may be mentioned. 
An admirable pamphlet by Mr. Hercman, written in a plain and easy style, 
has recently been published, and deserves the attention of all lovers of a 


Plate 3GG. 


Any i)orson wlio luis visited the autumn exhibition of the 
Crystal Palace must have been struck by the exceeding beauty 
of the boxes of cut blooms of Verbena, exhibited by Charles J. 
Perry, Esq., of The Cedars, Castle IJromwich. near liirminjjham ; 
and we may safely say, that in tlie class to which he lias espe- 
cially devoted his attention, Verbenas for I'xliibitinii, he is 
quite unrivalled. We have, therefore, great pleasure in giving 
this statement of his method of growing tlicm, wliich lie has 
obligingly furnished us with. 

"The cuttings are struck in March, and tlie strongest plants 
are potted into small pots as soon as rooted, and placed in a 
moderately warm dung frame, they then receive one stop ; after 
they have made a little growth, they are potted into 48-sized 
pots, and receive another stopping as soon as they have well 
taken hold of the soil. After they have made some growth, 
they are finally potted into the blooming-pots, whicii should be 
about five or six inches across, not larger ; and early in May 
th(>y are placed in a cool, well-ventilated greenliouse. Short 
slicks are put to each shoot as tliey grow, for the purpose of 
keeping the trusses upright. The soil I prefer is old turf 
mixed with decayed frame-manure ; tlie plants must never 
suffer from want of water, and must be fumigated whenever an 
aphis makes its appearance ; if properly attended to, blooms 
may be cut continually from the beginning of June until the 
end of September, and the plants will form one of the most 
interesting features of the greenhouse, at a time when few 
flowering-plants are under glass; the per!'ume is also parti- 

cnlavly pleasant, tlie odour of many of the varieties partaking 
much of that of orano-c-blossom. Tlie blooms should be con- 
tinually cut off the plants, and not allowed to go to seed if fine 
trusses arc required ; if the plants are well grown, the foot- 
stalks of the blooms will be sufficiently long for any decorative 
purposes for whicli they may be required." 

Eacli year shows that ]Mr. Perry still improves the character 
of his flowers ; of those cxliibited this season, for which he has 
received several first-class certificates, we have selected three 
for illustration. 3Iiss Tiuiicr (Fig. 1) is a splendid white 
flower, very large, with bright rosy-pink eye ; truss large and 
Avell-formed. Thomas llayvis (Fig. 2) is a rich, deep plum of 
fine form ; and Interesting (Fig. 3) is a large light crimson 
flower with yellow eye ; all flowers of first-rate quality. 


,/ ^--^ 



Tlatk ;5()7. 

We have already, in t!ie ])i('sciit and previous volnnics, li^urcd 
sonic varieties of this extensive and Iteautifnl fi;enns, and are 
indebted to the same source for the illustration we now f^ive, 
\\/.. tlie extensive collection of the Messrs. Veitch, of Chelsea; 
this being ohc of the many beautiful additions made to our Or- 
chidaceous plants, by tlie skill and perseverance of Mr. Dominy. 

\\'c have noticed that the practice which has for some time 
prevailed, of giving Latin names to garden hybrids, and against 
which we protested in a recent number, has been taken up by 
the most widely circulated of our gardening publications ; and 
we trust sonietliing will be done to put a stop to a practice 
which often proceeds from mere pedantry, and which must, in 
tlie case of Orchids, involve unutterable confusion, for it is not 
witli them as with the more evanescent garden flowers. Latin 
names may be given to Phloxes, Chrysanthenuims, Calceolarias, 
and sucli-Iike things ; but in a few years they are forgotten, 
wlnle tlie Orchid, wliich has once been considered worthy of 
being named, will most probably remain for many years ; 
indeed, as long as the original species. 

Caftleya Domini ana alba is a li\hrid of very great beauty, 
partaking somewliat of the cliaracter of CaftJcyn luonicnuis, 
figured in Plate 2G1), and to which attention has recently been 
drawn by Professor Reichenbach. Altiiough tlie sepals are 
broad(>r, and tiie flower altogetlier laiger, they, as well as the 
petals, are of a beautifnlly delicate lavender tint ; while the 
lip, which is very large and nuicli opened out at tin* apex, is 
of a beautiful, ])early wliite, a large portion of it being of a 
biilliant rosy-lilac, spotted in Hues of tlie same colour. Tlie size 
of the (lower, and its l)iilli:nu y of colouring, justly entille it 

to be considered a most desirable variety, and add another to 
the many proofs given by Mr. Dominy (whose name it perpe- 
tuates) of his skill as a hybridizer. 


Plate 3G8. 


A strange and, as wo think, a quite undeserved prejudice 
seems to exist against the tribe of plants whicli wc now figure; 
and to remove wliich, and bring them before those who take 
pleasure in varied forms of flowers, as jilants of real value, 
has been our object in making tlu>m the subject of our Plate. 

The Lantana is very largely used in Fraiiec for dcconitive 
])urposes, both in ]iots and for bedding purposes. We saw 
large beds of them in several of the public jiarks and gardens 
of Paris, during the present year; and in a pleasant walk 
through our world-wide-known subtropical department at 
Battersea, we found that INIr. Gibson has also used them. Wc 
also saw a fine collection of the newest varieties at INIessrs. 
E. G. Henderson and Co., AVellington House, St. John's AVood, 
and were obligingly favoured by Iiini with blooms of those 
now figured. We have had also, in our own small gieeidiouse. 
jdants of them, displaying their gay blooms from the beginning 
of August until the present time (November 20th). Surely, 
then, they arc deserving of more attention. 

We have heard of two objeclions to them ; one, that they 
have a peculiarly unpleasant odour, ^^'e think this must be a 
matter of taste simply ; the flowers themselves Iia\ e liardly any, 
and the leaves, when bruised, emit an odour very similar to 
the black currant, so that this can hardly be called very un- 
pleasant. Tlie other objection has, perhaps, more in it; that as 
cut blooms they very soon fade: this is true, but tlien ihey 
need not be cut, but merely kept as decorati\e plants. 'J'hey 
have one remarkable featme. viz. the chanjrine character of 

tlie flowers; in some instances this is A^ery great, and adds a 
pleasing beauty to tlie plant. JnUns Ccvsar (Fig. 1) is a golden- 
yellow flower, changing to red. Madame Dufoy (Fig. 2) is a 
pale yellow, changing to rose; and Adolphe Ilivass (Fig. 3) 
bright canary, with golden centre. There are many other ex- 
cellent varieties, and the French raisers are adding to their 
number yearly. 

i1 III! nil III 

3 5185 00292 4940 





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